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This work was commenced some fifteen years ago. In early life I knew but little of the 
older family. My father was taciturn in his home, and what I heard him say was in his con- 
Vi versation to others of anecdotes of early colonial life, as learned from his grandmother, Sarah 

(Garret) Humphreys, who lived to ninety-nine years, and of her mother, called in her later years 
from her last husband, Grandmother Woodford, who lived to be one hundred and one. But 
frum my mother, Anna (Landon) Humphrej's, who had been brought up surrounded by the 
N famil}-, and whose memory and volubility were both remarkable, I learned much. Yet it was 

not until past middle life, and after the death of my parents, that my attention was fullv aroused 
to the subject. A few months of investigation brought me in contact with Dr. Otis M. Humphreys, 
who had then, for quite a time, been working the same field. His intense devotion to this 
subject, in connection with his professional labors, completely prostrated him so that he had to 
make over to me all his accumulations and retire from all work in order to save his health. 
Then there were interruptions from business embarrassments, preventing that allotment of time, care 
and money indispensable to the prosecution of so extensive a work, with the alacrity which seemed 
called for. There were, also, large gaps in the English History of the family, and much time and 
research here, and correspondence and expenditure of mone}- there, has been required in order to 
fill up or bridge over these gaps, with, after all, but indifferent success. Still much has been 
done to gather up these fragments and readjust these disjointed members, and while they leave 
to my mind much to be desired, they still show a vast amount of research and labor, and may 
seem very satisfactor}- to others. I think the}- present the only tangible historv- of the famil}- in 
England, or from 1055 to 1600, and which will be invaluable to those whu may hereafter desire 
to push the investigation farther. 

The Dorchester, the Pennsylvania and the Southern Humphrey branches have been mainly 
written up by other hands, and are the contributions of the persons named on the following page, 
or noted in the articles themselves. I acknowledge, also, some valued financial assistance from 
a friend of the name and book, and trust to receive yet more in the further progress of the 
work, as, while it is mainly a labor of love, \-et it is too expensive an indulgence to be often 
gratified. I should be very happy to be able to conclude the publication during the year 18S3. 

22 West Thirty-ninth Street. 

New York, Jan. ist, 18S3. 



1. The present English Families of Humphreys. 

2. The Antiquity of the Humphrey Family ; the part taken by them in the Conquest of England; tlie Pedigree 
and Martial Exploits of the Umfrevilles, Barons of Prudhoe, and (whilom) Earls of Angus. 

3. The French and English Crusader-Knights of the Humphrey name, and their services in the Holy Wars. 

4. The Sussex Humphreys. 

5. Martyrs of the Humphrey name, in the i6th Century. 

6. Notes and Mention of Humphreys, fnot placed.) 

7. Heraldic Notes and Definitions, with Reference to the Humphrey Arms. 

8. Illustrated List and description of the forty -two Humphrey and Umfrcvillc Arms. 

9. Biographies of OziAS Humphrey, R. A.; Rev. Lawrence Humphrey, the eminent Puritan divine; Lieut. 
Gov. John Humphrey, with an account of his part in the establishment of the East India Company ; and of the Col- 
ony of Massachusetts Bay. 


1. Descendants of Michael Humphreys, from Lyme Regis, England, prior to 1643: who settled in An- 
cient Windsor, Connecticut ; in the lines of his two sons, Sergt. John and Lieut. S.^muel. 

2. Descendants of Jonas Humphrey's, who came from England and settled at Dorchester, Mass., 1634, 
and wdiose offspring are included in the Dorchester and Weymouth (Mass.) branches: the latter contributed by 
Gilbert Nash, Esq., Secretary of the Weymouth Historical Society. 

3. Descendants of Daniel Humphreys, who (with mother and sisters) came from Merionethshire, Wales, in 1680, 
and settled near Philadelphia, Pa.; contributed by Maj.-Gen. Andrew A. Humphreys, U. S. A., of Washington, D. C. 

4. Genealogical material relative to the descendants of the emigrant Hugh Humphreys, who settled in New 
York State, upon the Hudson River; the New Jersey IIuMrnRE\-s and the Southern Humphreys, of Tennessee, 
Virginia and Mississippi, who may possibly have been offshoots from the Pennsylvania family; and other IUimphrevs, 
not placed. 


Allibone's Critical Dictionary of English Literature. 


Archajologia Cambrensis, 3d series, 1855 to 1866. 

Bancroft's History of the United States. 

Barber's Massachusetts Hist. Collections. 

Beauties of England and Wales. 

Belknap's Biography. 

Berry's Encyclopedia Heraldica. 

Berry's Pedigrees of J'amilies; County Hants, 1833; County 

Kent, 1830, and County Sussex. 
Bezier's Bayeux. 

Biographic Universelle, pub. 1818, Paris. 
Blomefield's History of County Norfolk. 
Boke of Curtasye, edited by Halliwell for the Percy Society. 
Bokes of Nurture and Kemynge, pub. by Roxburghe Club. 
Boswell's Life of Samuel Johnson. 
Bromley's Catalogue of Engraved British Portraits in the 

British Museum. 
Bromton's Chronicle. 
]3rooke's Catalogue and Succession. 
Bryan's Biographical and Biblical Dictionary, 1849. 
Burke's History <)f the Commoners of Great Britain and 
Ireland ; Lal^led Gentry ; editions 1851, 186S and 
1879 ; Peerage and Baronetage, 187S. 
Calamy's Ejected Ministers. 
Calendar of Pleadings. 
Calendar of State Papers. 

Chenaye's Dictionnaire dc la Noblesse, pub. 1776, Paris. 
Chester, Colonel Joseph L., London. 

Chronicles of Battle Abbey, IC66-1176; Lower's Trans- 
lation, pub. 1856. 
Chronicles of the Crusades. — Crusade ol Saint Louis, by 

Lord John de Joinville. 
Collins' Peerage. 
Cornhill Magazine, 1882. 
Dallaway's Inquiries into the Origin and Progress of the 

Science of Pleraldry in England, pub. 1793. 
Dansey's English Crusaders. 
De Magny's Nobiliaire de Normandie. 
De Magny's Science des Armoiries. 
De Wailly's Histoire des Gaueles et de France. 
Documents Inedits sur I'Histoire de France ; Cartulaire de 

I'Abbaye de Redon en Bretagne ; Courson, 1863. 
Dodd's Church History of England. 
Doomsday Book. 

Drake's Founders of New England. 
Duchesne's Ancient List of the Conquerors of England. 
Dudley's Epistles. 

Dugdale's Monasticon Anglicanum. 
Edmondson's Heraldry ; and Peerage of England. 
Elliott's History of New England. 
Elvin's Synopsis of Heraldry. 
Felt's Annals of Salem. 
Ferguson's English Surnames, pub. 1858. 
Fox's Book of Martyrs, edited by Gumming, 185 1. 
Freeman's History of the Norman Conquest, pul). 1873. 
Froissart's Chronicles. 

Glover's History and Gazetteer of .County Derby. 
Gorges' Brief Narration, London, 1658. 
Gorton's Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and 

Gralton's Chronicle. 

Guerard's Collection des Cartulaires de France. 
Harleian Manuscript. 

Hasted's History of County Kent, pub. 1797. 
Hewitt's Hand-Book to Hexham and its Antiquities. 
Higginson's New England Plantation. 

History of Lace, by Airs. Bury Palliser ; pub. 1875, London. 
Hodgson's History of Northumberland. 
Horsfield's History and Antiquities of Lewes and its vicin- 
ity (County Sussex) ; pub. 1824. 
Howe's History of England. 

Hoyt's Antiquarian Researches. 

Hubbard's General History of New England. 

Hutchinson's History of Massachusetts. 

Ireland's History of County Kent, pub. 1829. 

Johnson's ^Wonder-working Providence. 

Kennett's Complete History of England, pub. 1706. 

Larousse's Grand Dictionnaire Universel. 

I.e Roman de Ron, by Wace, pub. by Pluquet, 1827, 

Les Anciennes Histories d'Outremer. 

Lewis' History of Lynn ; also Newhall's (second) edition. 
Lipscomb's History and Antiquities of County Buckingham. 

Madox's Baroiiia Anglica. 

Magna Britannia. 

Martyn's Pilgrim Fathers o.f New England. 

Massachusetts Colonial Records. 

Massachusetts Historical Collections ; the four series. 

Mather's Magiialia. 

Memoires de la Societe des Antiquaires de la Normandie. 

Monteith's Description of the Islands of Orkney and Zet- 
land, pub. 1633. 

Moore's History of Devonshire. 

Neal's History ol the Puritans. 

Neill, Rev. Henry, D.D. 

Newton's Display of Heraldry. 

Nichols' History and Antiquities of Leicestershire. 

Nichols' History of Canonbury (Co. Middlesex). 

Nisbet's System of Heraldry, ed., 1816. 

Nobiliaire Universel de France, pub. 1818, Paris. 

Notes and Queries. 

O'Gilvy's Nobiliariare de Normandie. 

Palfrey's History of New England. 

Palmer's Perlustration of Great Yarmouth, pub. 1871. 

Philpot's Collections, in the College of Arms. 

Plaine Dealing, or Newes from New England, 1642. 

Planters' Plea. 

Polwhele's History of Devonshire. 

Princes' Annals. 

Purchas' Pilgrims. 

Rapin de Thoyras' History of England; Tindal's Tianslation. 

Reece's Christian Martyrology. 

Rees' Cyclopedia, pub. 1819, London. 

Report ot the Historical Manuscript Commission, 1812. 

Rose's Biographical Dictionary, pub. 1850, London. 

Saint Fargeau's Dictionnairr des Coinmunes de F'rance, pub. 
1844, Paris. 

Savage's Genealogical Dictionary. 

Savage's Winthrop, new edition. 

Scott, Sir Walter. 

Seidell's Titles of Honour. 

Shakespeare — Richard III. 

Southey's Common Place Book, 4th series, pub. 1S51. 

Stiles' History of Ancient Windsor, Conn., 1859. 

Strype's Annals. 

Suckling's History of County Suffolk. 

Surtees' History and Antiquities of Durham. 

Sussex Archfeological Collections, pub. 1853. 

The Conqueror and his Companions, by Planche, pub. 1874. 

The Norman People and their Existing Descendants in the 
British Dominions and the United States of America, 
pub. 1874, London. 

Tliierry's Flistory of the Conquest of England by the Nor- 
mans. — Hazlitt's Translation, pub. 1847, London. 

Thoresby's Antiquities of Leeds, (County York). 

Throsby's History of Leicestershire. 

Thurloe's State Papers. 

Wallis' Antiquities of Northumberland. 

Ware, Mrs. Sophia D. (Lee Green Co. Kent, England.) 

Whitmore's Elements of Heraldry. 

Wilson's History of the Puritans and Pilgrim Fathers. 

Winthrop's Diary. 

Winthrop's Life, by R. C. Winthrop ; pub. :866, Boston. 

Young's Chronicles. 


To present a mere genealogical outline of family history, consisting of births, marriages 
and deaths, seems to subserve only a moderate degree of usefulness; and, unless something more 
can be evolved from it, the doubt ma}- be well entertained, whether it were worth the care 
labor, and expense which so serious an undertaking requires. According!)' I have asked m3-self 
whether I could lay before the reader such facts or observations of conclusion, as seem to have 
a practical value; so that, while the reader ma}- be searching for genealogical data, he may also be 
comparing these data, with the ultimate conclusions which the writer has drawn,-' from perhaps a 
more comprehensive view of the same premises. 

But, at the threshold, the writer must disclaim an}- authority to speak in the premises. He 
simply states, or suggests, the conclusions to which his investigations and reflections ha\-e led him; 
leaving to each entire freedom to accept, or reject, or to propose others as ma}- seem to them most 
fitting. In some cases the data may be scant}', and the field for conjecture quite extensive, and 
in others, conclusions are arrived at from several or a multitude of minor or almost intangible 
circumstances, which, while they may lead one mind to a positive conviction, quite fail to bring 
another to the same conclusion. 

The .ANTIQUITY of the family, as such, cannf)t be questioned. Among the brave warriors who 
followed William the Conqueror from Normandv, in 1066, we find Sir Robert de U.iifreville, 
knight, "his kinsman," Lord of Tours and Vian; Hi-mphrey de Carteret, whose son Regnaud 
de Carteret accompanied Duke Robert to the Htilv Land; Humphrey, Lord of Bohun, who seems 
to have been related to the Conqueror, and whose descendants were Hereditary Constables of 
England; and, subsequent!}'. Earls of Hereford, Essex and Northampton. There were also 
Humfrey of Tilleul, the warden of Hastings Castle, 1066 — 67; Humfrey, the King's Seneschal, 
killed in the storming of the castle at Le Mans, 1073; and Humfrby, the Priest, who was living 
in the neighborhood of Battle Abbey prior to 1087. 

In the "Doomsday Book," one of the most ancient records of England, "the register from 
which judgment was to be g-iven upon the value, tenure, and services of lands therein described," 
the name "Hunfridus" frequently occurs. There are mentioned: Humphrey of Dover; Humphrey 
the Chamberlain, who held, of the king, lands in Leicestershire, Hampshire, Dorsetshire, Glou- 
cestershire, etc.; Humfrey of Saint Omer, "a foreign follower of William"; Humphrey, who held, 
of the king, lands in Herefordshire; and several others. This serves to show that there were residing 
in different parts of England, scion after the Conquest, several bearing the name of Humphrey, 
some of whom had doubtless received, from the king, grants of land as a re\\-ard for their services. 

Members of this family were engaged in the Crusades: Peter d'Amfreville, 1197; Le Sire 
d'Umfr.wii.le (related to Robert de Umfreville), and Le Sire d'Oxfrei, 109 i. The first-named was 

a " Norm am noble, knight, or esquire," who bore arms which are thus described in Dansey's 
"English Crusaders": — Argent; an eagle, sable, armed gules. The arms borne by the other two 
are also there represented. Recurrance to these early dates discloses the fact that these arms borne 
by Humphrey families in England were brought from France by the companions of the Conqueror. 

Coats of arms, when well authenticated, are the most substantial proofs of the antiquity 
of a family. The Herald's office in England was instituted in 1340. At this period, from an 
examination or search made by ' ' Shielde, " as noted in the marshalling of arms in the frontis- 
piece, these six several Humphrey arms (then spelled Humfrey) were in existence, and were duly 
recorded. In 1390, the same arms, the sable with four pallets of ermine, were duly emblazoned, 
as trappings of the horse mounted by Sir John Homfray whose picture, up to a recent date, 
remained in the British Museum. He seems to have belonged to the same family as Le Sire 
D'Onfrei, the crusader, from whom the baronet of the name Homfray claims descent. 

It will be noted that the cross botlony, or budded cross, is used as the crest, or as the central 
figure, on several of the Humphrey arms. These crusader crosses were the marks of distinction 
awarded or allowed to the knights whp had borne arms in the "Holy wars," or wars for the 
recovery of the Holy Sepulchre. The escalop shell also indicates a pilgrimage to the tomb of 
St. James, and the Holy Land. The bezants were heavy gold coins of the value of fifteen 
pounds sterling, which were used for the redemption of Christian captives taken in the Holy 
wars and held in captivity by the infidels, and indicate the large use of this money by the 
wearer, for this purpose. 

The fleur-de-lis now represented upon the royal standards of France and England, and 
also noted on so many of the Humphrey arms, could only be there because of such use of 
them before their appropriation by the crowns above mentioned, and at a period anterior to 
the formal establishment of the College of Heralds. These facts show the great antiquity and 
former renown of the family. 

The predominant mental trait of the family, according to my observation, is self-reliance, leading 
often to the neglect of ordinary prudence in their adventures ; to the neglect also of family alliances 
and to the undervaluing of danger or disaster ; and often causing them to leave the plodding and 
certain for the more exciting and hazardous. This characteristic has asserted itself in the great 
historic arenas of the past. The family was represented in the conquest and partition of 
Normandy ; was among the first, if they did not even antedate the Crusades or wars for the 
recovery of the Holy Sepulchre ; was among the warlike chiefs, nobles, and kinsmen of the 
conqueror of England ; was among the founders of the East India Company, and also were pio- 
neers and took prominent part in obtaining the Patent and founding the colony of Massachusetts 
Bay. There has never been a call to arms in this country, which has not found a prodigal re- 
sponse from the Family. In all new enterprises the family are likely to well represented. The 
value of such a predominating family trait may well be questioned. 

Another characteristic, almost as predominant, is readiness of acquisition and ready adaptation 
to circumstances. They learn readil}-, ciften almost without effort, and easily retain what is 
learned. They succeed as professional men, lawyers, doctors, artists, or clergymen ; not so well 
as tradesmen ; and I have known none as mere mechanics. They sometimes learn trades but 
never work at them. This readiness of acquisition in art or letters is evidence, to my mind, of 

long continued hereditary mental training, and is fully in conscinancc with the views before expressed. 

Another characteristic is a preiloniinant dr/is/ii /tiiiptrtuiun/. It is indicated in the delicate 
and almost feminine lines of face, or cast of features; and is fully sustained by the many indi- 
viduals of the famil}- whcj have been eminent as painters, musicians, composers, poets, authors, 
or men of letters. There is almost universally in the family an instinctive recognition of art and 
a readiness in acquiring its principles and manipulations which speaks of long hereditary training 
or culture. 

The faculty of language is \-er}- highly developed. The Humphreys are all good talkers, 
splendid story tellers, eloquent even as speakers: learning languages easily, (several have been 
remarkable in this respect) and eminent as conversationalists. This faculty of language, with a 
line sense of humour and graceful manners, renders them good companions, and general favorites. 
When they fail to achieve a success, it is usually from the want of prudence, and that dogged 
pertinacit}- so common in others, and so rare because not seen to be necessar\- in them. 

Judge Barbour of Hartford, Conn., is very emphatic in speaking tif their predominant good- 
71CSS of heart, which he thinks has been stamped upcjn the countenance, giving in many cases 
what has been called the "Humphrey look" — a cast of countenance, expressive of benignity and 
quietness. He says in his work entitled "My Wife and my Mother": "There are certain peculiar 
characteristics which seem to have distinguished the Humphre}- family for man)' generations, viz: 
amiability and gentleness of disposition, ease, dignity and urbanity of manners." Of Major Elihu 
Humphreys he says, quoting from a pamphlet, published by a Revolutionary soldier in 1827: 
"He was a well-bred gentleman; his friendly turn of mind, with a sweetness of disposition 
secured him the love of all good men. He, dying about the close of the }-ear 1776, left as a 
legacy to his famil}', a name whose reputation will not be forgotten during many generations." 
Of Jonathan Humphreys, then Regimental clerk, and afterwards Colonel, he says; "He was a 
most charming companion. His social airs and pleasant countenance gained the affection and good 
wishes of all. " These qualities were noted also as belonging to Solomon H. , Jr. ; and of the 
Rev. Dr. Heman Humphreys it was said, that "he was the embodiment of every quality which 
constitutes a perfect gentleman." His own observation of his ancestors upon this point was that: 
"Piety and integrity are general characteristics of those in this line of descent, who have ne\er 
become famous," and the more conspicuous members of that ancestry were distinguished for moral 
as well as natural worth. William Humphreys, of Boston, remarks that he never felt embarrassed 
in calling upon any of the name, as he never heard of one who was accused of a crime or con- 
victed of an offense. 

There has also been noticed in many families of the name, especially in the sons, an alter- 
nation of temperament and tastes and habits which seems peculiar. Of two sons in the same famil}' the 
one may be exquisitely nice, almost fastidious in habits and tastes, in dress, carriage, studies, 
language and associations; while another brother ma}- be frank, independent, and careless, and 
set the least possible value upon those traits which seems sii vital tn the other. Examples are 
afforded in several families of the name. I can give no account of its origin. It has been also 
noticed in daughters of the same families, though in a less striking degree. That these qualities 
should be perpetuated through so many generations is evidence of remarkable vigor and balance. 

There have been also several instances of self assertion and manifestation of the best elements 

of character, in the most forbidding circumstances, that are very striking and unusual. In three 
several instances which have come under my own observation, and which will appear in the 
course of the work, boys have been left by the death of parents, or other adverse events, without 
good example; without even the common elements of schooling; without parental advice, regard 
or control; and exposed uncared for, to all the degrading influences of poverty and vice; and 
who yet have come out unscathed from them all, obtained good educations, acquired property 
and have become valued and even learned and distinguished members of society — without a blot 
on their record or memory. — There seems to have been something in the children which has 
made them a law unto themselves and which was potential for control over and above all 
surrounding circumstances. 

The Humphre}'S are usually a prolific stock. Large families are the rule and small ones 
the exception in the older time. The men are tall, of clear countenance and large of stature, unless 
the mothers are of small stock; and the woman are noted for vivacity, intelligence and pleasing 
address, their sons often manifestating in a remarkable degree the prominent family traits. 


St. James the Greater is the 'patron saint of Spain. The body of the Apostle, after his decapitation, placed itself in a boat, which 
came ior the purpose, and set off lor Spain. On his way he passed by Eouzas, in Portugal, where the wedding o( the Lord's daughter 
was taking place. One of the amusements on the occasion was throwing the cane, which took place on the sea-shore. To the conster- 
nation of the party, the bridegroom's horse plunged into the sea, only emerging when it reached the boat of St. James, which had 
stopped for ihat purpose. After the interview the horse again disappeared, landing afterward covered, as well as his rider, with scallop- 
shells; St. James being pleased to promise that he would take good care of any pilgrim who should visit his future shrine and wear a 
scallop-shell in token of having done so. Papal bulls excommunicated those who dared to sell pilgrim's scallop-shells, except at Santiago. 
Leaving Bouzas, the saint's body continued its voyage and landed not far from Santiago, the stone on which it lay down enveloping it 
like a clo?k. After .sundry perils, it was hid in a cavern, where it remained nearly 800 years, when it was discovered by a hermit and 
removed to Santiago. A pilgrimage to St. James of Compostella (Campus Stellae, from the star which pointed out the place where the body 
lay) was as indispensable in the middle ages as that to Mecca is for Mohammedans now. No fewer than 2400 licenses for this pilgrimage 
were granted to Englishmen in the year 1434. At the battle of Clavijo — one of the thirty-eight occasions on which St. James came to help 
the Spaniards— he appeared, as Castor and PoUux did at Regillus, on a "steed as white as snow," and killed 60,000 Moors, and ever since 
then "Santiago!" has been the battle-cry of Spain.— ^rOT« ''On Relics Ecclesiastical,'' in the CornhiU Magazine, 1882. 


ARMS. — Quarterly, 1st, gu.,a cross - lottony 
ermine; 2nJ, quarterly, arg, and sa. ; 
3rd, sa., four pales, ermine; 4th, arg., 
three bars gemelles sa. 

CREST. — An otter ppr. ivounded in the shoul- 
der with a spear. 

310 TTO. — Vulneratiir, non inncitur. 

SEAT.^Penllyne Castle, Cmvbridge, Co. Gla- 


Homfray, John Richards, Esq. "f Penllyne Castle, Co. Glamorgan, J. p. and Dep. Lieut., 
b. 9 Oct. 1824; succeeded his father, 1877; m. 22 March, i860, Mary Elizabeth, eldest surviving 
dau. of Sir Glynne Earle Welby Gregory, Bart., of Denton Hall, Co. Lincoln, antl has issue, 
L John Glvnne Richards, b. 13 June, 1861. 
IL Francis Richards, b. 17 Februar}', 1863. 
in. Herbert Richards, b. 23 September, 1864. 

Lineage. — The name of Homfray is derived from the French worils homme jrai. The Homfra^s - 
were distinguished amongst the soldiers of the Cross, and they were eminent in the earl}- wars of 
the Plantagenet kings. The portrait of John Homfray, living in 1390, and a gallant warrior of 
that day, is still (1868) preserved in the British Museum. (See page 33.) 

Wm. Homfray, who resided at Wales, near Rotherham, in Yorkshire, in 1590, was lineal 
ancestor of 

Francis Homfray, of ^^'ales, near Rotherham, who had (b)- Elizabeth his wife, who was buried 
at Wales, 3 January, 1724) three sons, viz: 
L Francis, his heir. 

n. Thomas (see Homfray of The Place), 
HL John. 

* Arranged from Burkt's L.anded Gentkv. F.ihti.m-i .il" 1851; i8f,3: 1879. 

The eldest son, 

Francis Homfray, of Wales, near Rotherham, afterwards of Oldswinford, Co. Worcester, m. 
1st, Sarah Baker, by whom he had issue, the male line of which is now extinct. Two daughters: — 
Sarah, b. 1705, m. William Bowyer; Mary, b. 171 2, m. her cousin Francis Homfray. He m. 2ndly, 
1717, Mary, dau. of John Jeston, Esq. of The Heath, Co. Worcester, by whom (who d. in 1758) 
he left at his decease in 1736, with five daus., four sons, viz: 

I. Jestox, who m. Mar}', dau. of Thomas Cotton, Esq., of the Combermere family, and 
left a son, 

Fr.^ncis, in holy orders, rector of Lanvayer, and vicar cif Llanarth, Co. Monmouth, 
who m. Harriet, dau. of Jeston Homfray, Esq., and d, in 1831, leaving a 
son, Kenyon Homfray in holy orders, b. 6 January, 18 12, and a dau. Maria, 
m. T831, to the Rev. Robert James Smith. 
n. Francis, b. 1725, of whom presently. 

in. Thomas, b. 1728, d. 11 May, 1797, leaving, by Elizabeth, his first wife, only child 
of Edmond Jones, Esq., a dau., Elizabeth, m. in 1774, to Peter Fry, of Axbridge. 
IV. John, of Wollaston Hall, Co. Worcester, b. 1731; m. 1758, ]\Iary, dau. and co- 
heir of Jeremiah Addenbrooke, and d. in 1760, leaving a son, John Addenbbooke, 
of Wollaston Hall, who took the name of Addenbrooke by sign-manual, in 1792, 
and was high-sheriff of Worcestershire, in 1798. He m. in 1780, Elizabeth, dau. 
of Michael Grazebrook, of Audnam, and had issue. 
The 2nd son, 

Francis Homfray, Esq., b. 1725, m. ist, Hannah, dau. of — Popkin, Esq. of Coitrehen, Co. 
Glamorgan, and left one son and a dau., viz: 

I. Jeston, of Broadwaters, in Worcestershire, b. 11 June, 1752; m. in 1776, Sarah, dau. 

of John Pidcock, Esq. of the Platts, and d. 2 March, 18 16, leaving issue, ist George, 
b. 1778; 2nd Charles, b. 1781, m. and had issue; 3rd David, b. 1792, m. and had 
issue; 4th William, d. 182 1; 5th Popkin, b. 1796; 6th Henry of Broadwaters, b. 1799, 
J. P. and D. L. , m. Elizabeth, only dau. of William Smith, Esq., und had George 
Smith, B. A., (who m. Elizabeth, dau. of John Unett, Esq.) and daughters, ist 
Harriet, m. 1805, the Rev. F. Homfray; 2nd Caroline; 3rd Henrietta; and 4th Sarah, 
m. — Ogle, M. D. 

II. Mary, m. Thomas Barker, Esq. 

He m. 2ndly, 1756, Catherine, dau. and co-heiress of Jeremiah Caswell, Esq. of The Hyde, 
Co. Staftbrd, and had further issue, 

I. Francis, of The Hyde, who m. Mary, dau. of John Pidcock, Esq. of the Platts, Co. 
Stafford, and d. 1809, leaving issue, ist Jeremiah Caswell, in holy orders, d. s. p.; 
2nd Francis, b. 1784: 3rd Harry, b. 1789, m. Miss Catherine Jones, and had issue: 
ist Mary, m. 1808, Richard Crawshay, Esq.; 2nd Catherine, m. Thomas Stringer, 
Esq. ; 3rd Jane; 4th Elizabeth, m. William Crawshay, Esq. ; 5th Eleanor, m. Jos. 
Attwood, Esq.; 6th Louisa; 7th Clara, m. 1825, William B. E. Gibbs Crawford, 
Esq.; and 8th Mira. 

II. Jeremiah, (Sir) of Llandaff" House. 

III. Thomas, of The Hill, in Worcestershire, m. 1785, Miss Elizabeth Stephens, and 

d. 1825, leaving issue, ist John, of the Allevnes, Salop, who assumed the surname 
of Stephens; 2nd Frederick, d. s. p.; 3rd Edward (Rev.), m. and had issue; 
4th Vincent; 5th Nelson; and one daughter. 

IV. Samuel, M. P. for Stafford, sheriff of Monmouthshire in 1813, who m. Jane, eldest 

dau. of Sir Charles Gould Morgan, Bart, of Tredegar, and d. 20 Mav, 1822, 
leavinn- issue: 

ist, Samuel, of Glen Usk, high-sheriff of Monmouthshire in 1841, b. 7 December, 
1795; m. 14 December, 1822, Miss Charlotte Stable, and has issue, Samuel 
George, J. P., b. 7 December, 1830; Lorenzo Augustus, b. 21 May, 1832; 
Charles Gould-Morgan, b. 12 December, 1836; William Henry Wickey, b. 
12 May, 1838; and Charlotte Jane. 
2nd, Watkin, b. 30 December, 1796; m. September, 1822, Miss Eliza Lee Thom- 
son, and has Watkin, Frederick, Samuel, William, Henr)-, Charles, Augustus, 
and Eliza Jane. 
3rd, Jane, m. 1818, G. K. Pickard, Esq. 

4th, Amelia, m. 18 17, William Thomson, Esq., ]\L P. of Perrydaron, Co. Glamorgan, 
and had one child, Amelia (deceased), m. 20 Jul}-. 1842, Thomas, Earl of 
Becktive, now Marquis of Headfort. 
5th Maria, m. George Darby, Esq., M. P., and has issue: 

Catherine, m. Thomas Wilson, Esq., and d. 24 March, 1801, leaving a 
son, Melville Wilson, m. ^liss Stevenson, dau. <jf .Sir B. Stevenson, 
and has issue. 
Mr. Francis Homfray, d. December, 1798. His 2nd son. 

Sir Jeremiah Homfray, Knt. of Llandaff House, Co. Glamorgan, knighted in 1809, when 
he was high-sheriff of Co. Glamorgan; b. 16 February, 1759, m. 2 May, 1787, Mary, dau. of John 
Richards, Esq. of Cardiff, and by her, who d. 1 7 ALirch, 1 830, had issue, 
L Jeremiah, b. i September, 1790; d. 6 October, 1850. 
n. John, late of Penllyne Casrie. 
in. Francis, d. unm. in 18 13. 
IV. George, d. unm. in 181 5. 
V. Jeston, b. 22 July, 1797; m. 17 August, 1843, Esther Amelia Isabella, eldest dau. of 

Sir Francis Des Anges, Knt., and d. 16 Ma}-, 185 1. 
VI. Anthonio. M. D. , b. October 1799; m. 5 June, 1831, Eustatia, dau. of Rear-Admiral 
Sir Ross Donnelly, and had by her, who d. in 1838, a son, Ross Richards, b. 
30 April, 1833; and a dau. Eustatia Donnelly. Dr. Homfray, d. 23 ;March, 1843. 
VII. Robert Shedden, b. 22 Jan. 1804; m. 1832, Miss Catherine, dau. of James Denham, 
Esq., and d. 20 February, 1845, leaving issue. 

I. Marianne, m. 1806, Thomas M. Newte, Esq., and d. s. p. January, 18 19. 
II. Charlotte, m 1824, James Lewis, Esq., and d. 1855. 

III. Catherine Diana, m. Jactib Emilius Irving, Esq., and has issue. 

IV. Harriet Newte. 

Sir Jeremiah Homfray,* d. in 1833. His second son, 

John Homfray, Esq. of Penllyne Castle, Co. (jlamorgan, J. P. and D. L. , high-sheriff in 
1843, b. 10 September, 1793, d. 29 lanuary, 1877; m. i November, 1820. Ann Maria, onl}- child 
and heiress of John Richards, Esq. of The Corner House, Cardiff, Glamorgan, by Mar\-, his wife, 
dau. and co-heir of Peter Birt, Esq. of Wenvoe Casde, and had issue: 
I. John Richards, of Penllyne Castle (1879). 

II. Ann Maria Richards, m. 24 October. 1843, Richard Ba.ssett, Esq., of Bonvilston 

House, Co. Glamorgan, and d. 10 July. 1863: had issue. 

* He (as well as Jeston Homfray, of Cardiff, Glamorganshire, Esq., 1827;. bore, as it seems from his arms depicted in "Arms of 
Subscribers" to Berry'.s Encyclopedia Heraldic^, vol. iii, a coat of arms differing from those above given in that the '■2nd and 3rd," 
bore "ar. three bars, gemellcs. sa. for Caswell of the Hyde, Staffordshire"; and that the crest is described same as above, e.\cept that 
"_:;uttoe-desang " ti. e. drops of blood, is added thereto. 


AJ?3fS. — Gu. , (7 cross-hntlonw crm. 

CREST. — An otter ppr. wniinded in the 
shoulder with a spear. 

SEAT.^The Place, near Newmarket. 

Homfray, Henry Revel, ESCI. of The Place, near Newmarket, Suffolk, b. 25 March, 
1809; m. 27 September, 1838, Frances Alice, dau. and co-heiress of William Ra^ner. Esq. of 
Stradishall, by Frances, his wife, dau. of Thomas Fuller English, Esq. of Bocking, Essex, and 
had a daughter, 

Martha English Rayner.* 

Lineage. — Thomas Homfray, Esq., bapt. 1674, the 2nd son of Francis Homfray, of Wales, 
near Rotherham, Yorkshire, (see preceding history), d. 1733, and was buried at Wales, leaving by 
Anne Revell, his wife, (b. 1697, d. 1747), dau. of John Revell, of Chesterfield, Co. Derby (by 
Juliana, his wife, sister of Sir Samuel Clarke, Knt. , Sheriff of London in 17 12), the following issue, 

I. Francis, m. his cousin, Mary Homfray, d. s. p. 
IL Thomas. 

III. John, of whom presently. 

IV. Henry, d. young. 

V. Revell Homfray, of Sheffield, m. Sarah Fox, and had a son, Francis, d. s. p. 
I. Juliana, m. John Parker, of Norton Lees, Co. Derby. 
IL Rachel, m. John Booth, and had a son Homfray Booth, Capt. in the Heavy Dragoons, 
killed in America. 

III. Dorothy, died young. 

IV. Anne, was hving unmarried in 1813. 
The 3rd son, 

John Homfray, of Derby, was b. 4 December, 1723, and d. 2 February, 1804. He m. Sarah, 
widow of Thomas Dalby, and dau. of John Parr, of Derby, and by her (who was b. in 1725, and 
d. 20 February, 1798) left issue an only child, 

The Rev. John Homfray, of Merton College, Oxford, B. A., F. S. A., etc., Rector of Sutton, 
Co. Norfolk, b. 27 September, 1768; m. 13 June, 1797, Hetty, only dau. of James Symonds, 
Esq. of Ormsby, Co. Norfolk, (who d. January, 1843). He setded in Great Yarmouth, 
Co. Norfolk, becoming curate to Rev. Richard Turner, then Minister of that Parish. 
He was also one of the first promoters of a Public Library, instituted in Great Yar- 
mouth, in 1803. In 1821, he was appointed, "by the corporation, one of the Mmisters 

of Sl George's Chapel, which preferment he vacated in 1839, on being instituted to the 
Rectory of Sutton, in Norfolk, on the presentation of the Earl of Abergavenn}-. He 
took great interest in antiquarian, heraldic and genealogical pursuits; and issued a prospectus 
for a new edition of Browne Willis' History of Mitred Abbeys, which however was never issued. 
An enthusiastic lover of fine arts, he formed a considerable collection of pictures; and a 
library of valuable typographical and heraldic works, which was sold by auction in 1827; 
but he soon commenced the collection of another. He d. December, 1842. His issue were: 

I. Thomas Parr, d. vita patris. 

II. Henry Revel, Esq. of The Place, 

in. Samuel Wingfield Clarke, Rector of Bintry, Co. Norfolk. 

IV. Juliana *. 

V. Catharine Mary.t 

VI. Janet. 

* To whose memor>', a long Latin epitaph, by the Rev. Fred. H. Turner Barnwell 
her portrait was engraved in mezzotinto by Samuel Cousins, after a painting by Lane. 

t Of whom. also, engraved portraits, by H:irvuy, are extant, after paintings by Lane. (Peklu: 
Charles John Palmer, F. S. A., 1871, i, 337 [footnote], ii, 221). 

placed In Trinity Churth, Maryleb. 

TH, by 

Arms of Homfray, impaled with those of .Symonds, as given 
in Pcrltistraiion of Gi-cat Yaniioid/i (i. oii|\ 33S) in connection with 
notice of Re\'. John Homfray who married a Symonds. — See page 4. 

The shield anciently borne by the Svmomxs family was per fess 
s<i. and ai'g., a pale and six trefoils slipped and countercharged; but 
was afterwards changed to a:., three trefoils slipped or.; and again 
changed to sn., a dolphin naiant emb. devouring a fish //''■/ and 
these coats have since been constantly home quarterly, sometimes the 
ancient coat in the first quarter, sometimes the dolphin. The Symonds 
irest is, a dolphin naiant embowed devouring a fish. Motto : Rectus- 

hu:mffreys of llwyn.* 

AR3IS. — Quarterly, is/ and ^llt. arg., a 
cross-flory, engrailed, sa., /lehveen four 
Cornish choughs, ppr. , o>i a ehie/', as. , 
a boar's head, eoiipcd, arg., tusked, or, 
langued, gu., for Huiuffrevs; 2nd and 
jrd, erm., a saltier, engraileJ, gu., 
thereon a crescent, or, for Lloyd (if 

CR£ST. — On a ehapeau, a hoar, passant, arg. ,' 
fretty, gu. , more usually described and 
depicted as a boar in a net, or tods. 

Humffreys, William, Esq. 

14 August, 1834. t 

)r rjwyn, Co. Montgomery, succeeded his brother. 

Lineage. — The HumfFrews of Lhvyn deduce lineage from Edwin, Lord of Tkcaingi,, in 
Flint, founder of the Twelfth Noble Tribe of North \\'ales and Pow3-s. From this chief derived 
eleventh in succession, 

Ievan Voelvrych ap Iorwerth Vaughan, of Maengwynedd, who m. Efa, dau. of Cyhelyn, 
son of Rhun ap Einion Efell, Lord of Cynllaeth, and had issue, 

I. Ievan, surnamed Caereimcm, ancestor of the Owens of Tedsmore, Owens of Bettws, 

Owens of Woodhouse, and Owens of Condover. 
II. Einion. 

III. Llewelyn. 

IV. Iorwerth Goch, ancestor of Rear - Admiral Sir Salusbury Davenport (originally 

Hlmffreys), C. B. and K. C. H., of Bramall Hall. 
The 3rd son, 

Llewelyn, was father of Ievan, whose son, \\'illiaji ap Ievan, was seated at Llangar, Co. 
IMerioneth. His son, 

Elisau ap William, m. IVIargaret, dau. of Ievan ap Richard, and was s. by his son, 
HuiiFFREY ap Elisau of (}lanalwen, in Llangar, and of Maerddu, in Gw3'ddelwern, both in 
the Co. eif Merioneth, whose wife was Eleanor, dau. of Edward Lloyd, Esq. of Llj-svasev. J 
Their son, 

William ap Humffreys, who fii'st adopted the family surname of Hi'mffreys, served by the 
name of William Humffreys, Esq., as a captain for Charles 1st, and sold the Glanalwen estate to 

ihe Humphreys who 
ly, P.iA 

« Rfv. Henry Ncill, D. D. was inclined tci think that, .is iMontgomery and Merioneth are adjoining c 
came from Merioneth and settled in Pennsylvania are connected with this family. iSee Humphreys of Chest 

t Burke's Lander Ge.xthv, Eds. 1851 .and 1868. 

X HuMl'KEV Ar David Llovu, per bend, sinister, erni. and ermines, a lion, rampant, or. (Berry's "Eilc. Hcraldica," Apprendi 
Vol. II). 

his wife's brother Edmund Meyrick. ^Ir. Humflfreys m. Dorothy, dau. of Peter Meyrick, Esq. of 
Ucheldre, and was father of* 

William Humffreys of Maertldu, who m. Jane, dau. of Edward Wynne, of Llangynhafal, 
and was succeeded by his son, 

William Humffreys, of Maerddu, b. m 1666. This gentleman m. Grace, dau. of Robert 
Lloyd, of Forth, Gent., descended from Osborne Fitzgerald. Lord of '\'n\s\-maeng«\ii. 'Sir. Humflre\s 
d. 7 Jan. 1 71 8, leaving two- sons: 

L William of Maerddu, in liol\- tirders; Vicar of Curwen, Co. IMerioneth, who d. 24 

July, 1747- 
IL Roger Hi'mffreys, Esq. of Llanfyllin, Co. Montgomery, who was b. in 1695, left 
at his decease, in 1733, a son, 
William Humffreys, Esq. of Llwyn, Co. Montgomery, fither vC 

John Humffreys, Esq. of Llwyn, who m. Rebecca, dau. of \\'illiam ]\Iostyn Owen of 
Woodhouse, Co. Salop, Esq.: d. 17 Se[)tember, 1817, having had issue, 

I. John Humffreys, Esq. of Llwyn, who d. s. p. at Arcot, Madras, 14 August, 1824. 
n. William. 
in. Roger Most\n. 
IV. Thomas Henr}-. 
V. Edward Arthur. 
I. Harriet Rebecca. 
II. Frances Anne. 
John Humffreys was s. at his death by his brother the present William Humffreys, Esq. 

* The second son o( Wiu.lAX[ ap H^^rFREV of Montgomery, in North W.iles, was Nathaniel H^■.MFKE^'s. citizen of London, from 
whom was descended Sir William HfMrHREVS of Barking, in Essex. The last-named, in 1715, was Lord Mayor of the City of London, 
at which date Hever Castle and the manors of Hever Cobhani and Brocas were conveyed to him by James son of Baron Waldegrave 
created Earl of Waldegrave in the 3rd of George II. 1730 . Sir W. Humphreys, knt., of London and of Hever Castle, was created 
baronet by King George 1. 'No. 978 in the general order of creation?, "Hist, of Co. Kent." by Edward Hasted, pub. Canterbury, 1797. 
Vol. I, p. 227, etc.). He died in 1735, leaving an only son and heir. Sir Orlando Hu.mfreys, bart., who died in 1737. His children were 
three sons and two daughters. Of the former, two died young, when Robert, the second, and only survivor, possessed said castle 
and manors, and died before his father. In the chancel of the church at Hever is a memorial for "Robert Humfreys, Esq., Lord 
of the manor of Heaver, only son and heir of Sir Orlando Humfreys, bart. of Jenkins, in Essex, obt. 1736, a:t. 28." 

Gn the demise of Sir Orlando, his two daughters became his heirs, as well as co-heirs to their brother, of whom Mary, the 
eldest, had three husbands: first, William Ball Wanng, of Dunston in Berkshire, who died in 1746 without issue: secondly, John Hony- 
wood, of Mark's Hall, who likewise died without issue: and lastly, Thomas Gore, Esq., uncle to Charles Gore, Esq., M. P., who had 
married, in 1741, Ellen, the other daughter of Sir Orlando Humfreys. They, with their husbands, in 1745, joined in the sale of Hever 
Castle and the manors of Hever, Cobham and Hever Brocas to Timothy Waldo, of Lyons in France. " Hist, of Co. Kent," by W. H. 
Ireland, pub. 1829. Vol. Ill, p. 394'. 

Sir William Humphreys bore for his arms two coats: Quarterly, ist and 4th, safi/t^, tico tiags heads, erased argent: 2nd and 3rd, per 
pale or attd gides, Hvp lions rampant endorsed, counterchanged- In Berry's Ency. Heraldica, Vol: II, we find also Hu.mfrevs, or 
Humphreys, Hlmfrv, or Hi'.mfrev, London and Wales), sa. three nag's heads, erased, ar.— Crest, a lion, sejant, or, reposing his dextea 
foot upon a nafj's head, couped, ermines Granted April, 22. 1717. Borne by Sir William Humphrey, Bart., Lord Mayor of London, 
1715, and L. C. Humfrey, of the Temple, Esq., Barrister-at.Law, 1825,. 


ARMS. — Arg., a chevron between three crosses-crosslet fitchee sa. 

CREST. — A man's head, cotiped at the shoulders and side head ppr.; with a rope round the tieck or. 

MOTTO. — Audaces forluna juvat. 

SEAT.—Bramall Hall, Stockport, Co. Chester. 

The fourth son of levan Voelvrych (see page 6), 

loRWERTH GocH, Lord of Mochnant, m. Alice, dau. of GrifTith ap lorwerth, of the tribe of 
Tudor Trevor, Lord of Hereford and Whittington, and was father of 

Ednyfed ap Iorwerth, whose wife was Alice, dau. of Evan ap Griffith, of Celynnan, in 
Mochnant. Their son, 

Madoc ap Ednyfed, m. ]\Iary, dau. iif Owen ap David, of Merfod, sun of levan ap Einion, 
of Llwydarth, and was father of 

Evan ap Madoc, by whose marriage with Alice, dau. of Griftith ap E\an, of Llanhafon, in 
Mochnant, he had 

Evan Vaughan, who m. jane, dau. of Edward ap John, of Cwym Nant Vylla, derived from 
Gw\n ap Griffith, Lord of Guilsfield. Of this marriage there was a son, 

(jRiFFiTH GocH, father, by Elizabeth, his wife, dau. of Madoc Goch, of Cadwynvan, in Llan- 
vihangel, of 

Thomas ap Griffith. He m. Margaret,, dau. of Howell Matthew, >.>{ Kerry, Esq., and was 
succeeded by his son, 

Evan ap Thomas, whose wife was .Margaret, dau. of John ap Llewelyn, descended from Griffith 
Deg, Lord of Cadwynvan. Their son, 

John ap Evan, was father, by Elizabeth, his wife, dau. of John ap Howell, of Llwydarth, of 
David ap John, who m. (iwen, dau. of Evan ap David, of Cefn Coch. Of this alliance 
there was a son, 

Humphrey ap David. He m. Ann, d. of E\an ap Morris, of Llw)darth, and was father of 
The Rev. Evan Humphreys, rector of Llanymynach, and vicar of Llan-yn-bodwell, who m. 
the dau. of John Edwards, D. C. L. , descended from Edward ap Tudor, of Pen-)'-Uen, * in 
Gwyddelwern, Co. Merioneth, and by this lad}- had a son. 

The Rev. John Humphreys, rector of Llanvihangel.f Co. Montgomery,! whose wife was 
Rachel, fourth dau. of John Hippisle), Esq. of Lamborne, in Berkshire, and by whom he had 
an only child, 

The Rev. Evan Humphreys, M. A., rector of Montgomery and of Clungunford, near Ludlow, 
Salop, who m. Mary, dau. and co-heir (with her sister Anne, m. to Lewis Edwards, Esq. of Tal- 
garne) of the Rev. Salusbury Pryce, D. D. , and by her (who m. 2ndly, the Rev. Thomas Baines. 
rector of Richard's Castle, near Ludlow, and d. in 1808) had issue, 

L 'I'homas '1'revor, L. L. D. , Prebendar}- of Chester, who changed his name to Trevor, 
on succeeding to his grand-uncle's property. He m. Elizabeth, eldest dau. of the 
late Rev. Chancellor Briggs, of the diocese of Chester, and d. in 1827. 
II. John, of Bodhilin, near Welsh Pool, twice married. 
III. Salusbury, of whom presently. 
I. Margaret 'I'reNor, m. to (}eorge Withers, Esq. of Oswestry. 
II. Harriet, m. to Thomas Llo)d, Esq. of Trescoed House, Co. Montgomery. 
III. Frances Trevor. 

" Kcn-y-IIen: t l.lanmihangel; t Co. Glami>, .ill according tu Burke's Lanued Ukntkv, Ed. 1879. 

The third son. 

Sir Salisbury Davenport, C". B, and K. C. H., of Bramall Hall, Co, Chester, and Weedon 
Lodge, Co. Bucks, Rear-Admiral of the White, b. 24 November, 1778; m. ist, in 1805, Jane 
Elizabeth, eldest dau. and heir of John Tirel Morin, Esq. of Weedon Lodge, BucLs, * and by her 
(who d. in 1808) had one son, 

Salusbury, b. 4 September, 1806, in holy orders; deceased. 
He m. 2ndly, in 18 10, .Maria Davenport, dau. and heir of the late William Davenport, Esq. 
of Bramall Hall, and by her had issue, 

William Davenport, late of Bramall Hall. 

Trevor, b. 29 luly, 1814; Capt. ist foot (1851); Major in the army (1868); m. i July, 
1837, Frances, dau. of the late Chief Justice Se well, of Quebec, and had issue: ist, Salu.s- 
bury Sewell, Capt. in the army, b. 29 July, 1838; d. 15 !March, 1869; 2nd, Malcolm 
Nugent Ross, Bramall Lodge, near Quebec, Canada: ;\Iilitia and Yeomanry Club, 
25 Charles street, St. James, London, S. W., b. 21 May, 1848; m. Ellen, dau, of 
Thomas Goulbourne Parker, Esq. of Browsholme Hall, Co. York; 3rd, Jestyn Francis 
Trevor, b. 13 November, 1855; 4th, Evelyn Jesse, b. 1840: m. ist, Frederick Foulkes, 
Esq. of ^Manchester; and 2ndly, Grivis Charlton, Esq. of Seven-oaks: 5th, Constance 
Georgianna Marsland. 
Henry Wyat, b. 21 March, 1816, lieut. 39th regt. (1851): m. 23 June, 1843, Catherine, 

eldest d. of Capt. John Durie; d. in India, 1845. 
John Salusbury, b. 24 June, 181 7, on Commissariat staff at Gibraltar, 1851; Assistant-Com. - 

General, 1879, ™- Anne, eldest dau. of Sir Allen McNab, and has issue. 
Charles Edgecumbe, D. L. , b. 26 December, 18 19, Capt. late of the royal regt., 1879; m. 
1847, Emma, dau. of the late \'ery Rev, Dr. \\'ebber. Dean of Ripon, b}- Caroline 
Frances, his wife, ilau. of the Re\'. Charles F}-nes-Clinton (lineally descended from Henry, 
2nd Earl of Lincoln, K. B. , and from the Plantagenet Kings), and had Cyril James, 
and other issue. 
Emily, m. in 1841, to the Rev. Arthur Douglas. 

Julia, m. in 1842, to Henry Crookenden, Esq. of Trinity Coll.. Oxford. 
Admiral Davenport, whose patron\Tnic was Humphreys, assumed his present surname onl}-, by 
royal license, in 1838, upon succeeding through his wife, to the Davenport estates of Bramall, 
in Cheshire. He was an acting magistrate for the Counties of Buckingham, Chester, Derby, 
Lancaster, and Gloucester, and for the borough of Stockport. His son, 

William Davenport Davenport, Esq., late of Bramall Hall, Co. Chester, Lieut. -Col. -Ccrn- 
mandant, 2nd regt. Royal Cheshire Militia, J. P. and D. L., b. 15 September, 181 1, served in 
the army from 1826 to 1847, ^^'^'^ ^'- 21 February, 1869. He m. ist, 14 November, 1833, at 
Malta, Camilla Maria, a native of that island, dau. of V. Gatt, P^sq. , and by her, who d. in 1845, 
had one daughter, 

Maria Dorothea, ni. 26 September, i860. Frederick Augustus Williamson, Esq. 
He m. 2ndly, 24 October, 1850, Diana Elizabeth, dau. of John Handley, Esq., banker, of 
Muskham Grange, Nottinghamshire, and b\- her had a son, 

John William Handley Davenport, Esq. ot Bramall Hall, Co. Chester, J. P. , b. 19 October, 
1851: m. 1876, Fanny Constance ilabel, youngest dau. df the late John jervis Broadwood, Esq. 
of Buchan Hill, Sussex, and has a son, b. 1877. 

* Mr. .Morin's will, in 1805, buqueathed all his estates in Hardwick and Kleet-.Marston. to his son-in-law, Salusbury-Pryce- 
Humphreys, then Capt. R. N.. for life, in trust: and in remainder to his dau., Jane Elizabeth, wife of Capt. S.-P.-Humphreys. IMi'st. 
and Antiij. Ci>. Buckingham, i, 328; Magna Britannica, 695;. 


ARxMS. — Quarkriv, is/ and 4th, gti., a lion, 

rampant, and above the head a ducal 
coronet, or, with a canton, of the last, 
for distinction, for Hunfrev; 2nd a7id 
jrd, arg. , a chevron, between three garbs, 
sa. , within a bordure, of the last, thereon 
eight fleurs-de-lis, of the first, for Blake. 

CREST. — 1st, on a ducal coronet, an eagle, 
'wings elevated, holding in the dexter claw 
a sceptre, or, and charged on the breast 
(for distinction) with a cross-crosslet, gu. , 
for Hunfrey; 2nd, on a morion, a 
martlet, ppr. , for Blake. 

MOTTO. — Coelestem spcro coronam. 

SEAT. — Wroxham House, Norfolk. 

Blake-Humfrey, Robert, Esq. of Wroxham House, Co. Norfolk, J. p. and D. L, 

b. 23 November, 1795;* m. 8 August, 1838, Charlotte, _voungest dau. of Lieut. Col. Harvey, of 
I'horpe Lodge, Norwich, by Frances, his wife, dau. of Sir Roger Kerrison, Knt. , and had issue: 

\. Robert Harvey Humfrey-Mason, Esq. of Necton Hall, Norfolk, J. R, of the Inner 
Temple, Barrister-at-Law, b. 23 January, 1843, educated at Eton and Trinity College, 
Cambridge, B. A., 1864; ni. 5 November, 1873, Jane Charlotte, eldest dau. of Rev. 
Arthur Upcher, Rector of \\'reninghani, Norfolk, and has issue, 

1st, Alwyne, b. 12 April, 1875; 2nd, Lilian Jane, b. i May, 1876; 3rd, Dorothy. 
Mr. R. H. Hurafre\--Mason was authorized by royal license, dated March, 1879, in 
pursuance i_if a clause in the will of Col. George Blomfield (formerly George 
Mason), late of Necton Hall, aforesaid, deceased, to discontinue the use of the 
surname ijf Blake, and t<i henceforth take, use and bear, the surname of Mason, 
in addition to antl after that of Hvmfrey, and bear the arms of AL^son, quarterly 
with those of Huwfrey and Blake, f 
n. Thomas, b. 3 March, 1844. 

ni. John (Rev.) Rector of CSreat Dunham, Norfolk; b. 23 Januarv, 1847, i"- "874, 
Annie, dau. of the late John Carpenter, Esq. of Mount Tavy, Devon. 
L Margaret, m. 17 January, 1856I, her first cousin Harvey, 3rd son of John Ranking, 

Esq. of Wamlsworth Common, Essex, antl had issue. 
IL Eleanor, m. Henr}' Lee-^^'arner, 2nd son of Rew lames Lee-\\'arner of 'I'horjiland, 

ni. Caroline. 

IV. Isabel Charlotte, m. John Gurney, Esq. of Sprouston, anil had issue. 
This gentleman (who served with the arm}' in the Peninsular war, was se\erely wounded at the 
passage of the Nive, 18 13, and has a medal with two clasps), is 2nd son of Thomas Blake of Nor- 
wich, Esq., barrister -at -law, a magistrate anil 1). L. for Co. Norfolk (see pedigree of Blake of 

* Robert Blake-Humfrcy, Esq., s 
Vol. r, p. 140. 

t Cun-iKenda, Vol. II. Tlmk.V I. 
} iSfo. in liiirlii'-, I.ANiii.i. IH.M 

Bbke, Esq. of Ho 

iJ, vlio d. July, 1S69.— L.\ 

In August, 1847, lis assumed l\v r(i\-al license the surname and arms of I^^■^rFRKv, in 

addition to his paternal name and cuat, in compliance with the will of Ke\. Jcihn Humfrev of 
Wroxham, Rector of Great Durham and Crostwich. Co. Xt>rfolk. 

The Rev. John Humfrey descended from an ancient fimily at Rishan^des, Co. Suffolk. 

Lineage. — .Stephen Humfrey, .son anil heir of Joii.v Hi'mfrey, of Drinkstone, Co. Suff"oIk, 
descended of a Saxon family, m. Joan, dau. of Richard .Muskett, of Hawley. Co. Suffolk, and d. in 
October, 1598, having had a son, 

Richard Hcmfrey, who pre-deceased his fitther. 15 Iul\-, 1598, having had. In- (Irace, his wife, 
dau. of Thomas Frere, Esq. of Occokl, (who tl. 31 March, if^jS) three sons, 
Charles, of whom presentl)-. 

Richard, m. Mar)', dau. of Thomas Dandy, Esq. of C<imbs, and tlied s. p. 
Thomas, of Dublin, to whom the ancient arms of Humfrey were confirmed by Prest(jn, Ulster 
King-at-arms, in 1638.* 
The eldest son, 

Charles Humfrey, Esq. of Rishangles, Co. Suffolk, b. 14 October, 1591, m. Elizabeth, dau. 
of Thomas Dandy, Esq. of Combs, Co. Suffolk, and by her left at his decease, 18 August, 1644, 
two sons, 

Charles, of Rishangles, b. 15 November, 1620, d. 1681, having had two .sons, both died s. p. 
Edmund, of whom we treat. 
The latter, 

Edmund Humfrey, Esq. of Norwich, b. 13 May, 1637, m. Elizabeth, dau. of John Norris, 
Esq. of Worsted, Co. Suffolk, and d. in 1697, having had two sons, 

John, of Norwich, d. 12 September, 1729, ancestor of the Humfrevs of Cambridge. f 
Richard, of whom we treat. 
The younger son, 

Richard Humfrey, Esq. of Norwich, J merchant, b. 26 March, 1682, m. Elizabeth, dau. of 
J. Withers, Esq. of Yarmouth, and was father of 

. _^ The Rev. Richard Humfrey, A. M., Rector of Thorpe, near Norwich, b. 2 June, 1721, 

who m. Elizabeth, dau. of Charles Maltby, Esq. of Norwich, and d. in 18 14, having had two sons, 
Richard, in holy orders, M. A., b. 17 October, 1750, d. unm. 29 March, 1780. He was 

for some time preceptor of the Dukes of Clarence and Kent, sons of George HI. 
John, in holy orders, of Wroxham House, Co. Norfolk, Rector of Great Durham ** and of 
Crostwich, Co. Norfolk, and prebendary of Lincoln, b. 11 July, 1764, m. Frances, only 
child of William Bircham, Gent, of Hackford, and niece and heiress of Robert Dache, 
M. D. . of Kerdiston and Norwich, but d. s. p. 25 June, 1847, leaving his estates in 
Norfolk, Suff"olk, and elsewhere, to Robert Blake, Esq. of Swafield, who has taken the 
additional surname and arms of Humfrey, and is the present Robert Blake Humfrey, 
Esq. of Wroxham House, etc. 

* Hl'MFREV, or Hl-.MPHREY, (Holbroke and Drinkstone, Suffolk', gu. .1 lion, rampant, or, over his head a ducal coronet of the 
last, armed and langued az. — Crest, on a ducal coronet, an eagle, with wings endorsed, holding in his dexter paw a broken spear, all or. 
iConfirmed to Charles Humphrey, of Rishangles, Suffolk, by Camden Clarencieux, and afterwards to Thomas Humphrey, his brother, 
of Dublin, January, 26, 1638. Berry's Eru: Ht-raldica, Vol. II 1. 

t Their arms are mentioned in Sims' Index to Pedigrees and Arms contained in Herald^ I'isitations in British Museum, pub. iS^g. 

X Buried in the Church of St. Saviour, Norwich, Co. Norfolk, Maurice, son of Ric. and Eliz. Humfrey. February, 9, 1730, 18, and 
three other children, infants; Ric. died 1714: Ric. 1715: Deborah 1719. Crest, an hawk rising from a crown, holding a spear. A crown 
and lion rampant in pale, impale a chevron between three crescents. Eliz., wife of Thomas Tawell, daughter of Ric. and Eliz. Humphrey, 
1739, 23. Eliz. Humphrey their mother, Sept. 1. 1742, 58, Blomefield's Hist. 0/ Co. Not/olk, iv. 447]. 

** " Great Durham," in Edition 1851 of Landed Oe,ntrv. 


ARMS. — Gu., on a cross - bottom arg. five 

CREST. — A sphinx sejant. 

MOTTO.— Sic olim. 

SEAT. — Cavanacor, Strabane, Co. Donegal. 

Humfrey, John Keys, Esq. of Cavanacor, J. p., High-Sheriff 1868, b. 16 June, 1828; 
late Lieut. 53rd Regt., and Capt. in the Donegal MiHtia; m. ist, 6 March, 1857, Bessie Harriet, 
2nd dau. of Henry William Wray, Esq. of Hollymount, of the Castle Wray branch of that family, 
and by her (who d. 3 January, 1859) had a son 

Benjamin Geale, Esq. of Cavanacor, Co. Donegal (1879). b. 3 March, 1858, succeeded his 
father 1870. 
He m. 2ndly, 30 August, 1865, Maria, 3rd dau. of Falconer Miles, Esq. of Merton Sandford, 
Co. Dublin, and d. 1870, having had further issue, 

William Keys, b. 30 November. 1866. 

Alice Mary.* 

Lineage. — The first settlement of the Humfrey family in Ireland was made by Richard 
Humfrey, who was born in 16 14. He is stated to have been the son of Richard Humfrey, of 
Rettenden, Essex, by his wife, the dau. of Sir Samuel Sand)-s,f of Ombersley, Co. Worcester, and 
to have landed in Ireland, 1655, where he settled at Donard, Co. Wicklow. His wife d. there in 
1666, and he d. in 1665. His eldest son, 

Henry Humfrey, m. 13 Januar)', 1675, Catharine, dau. of Francis Rolleston, Esq. of 
Frankfort Casde; and d. 4 July, 1709, leaving a son, 

Henry Humfrey, Esq., m. 19 July, 171 2, Elizabeth Henthorn, and d. 12 March, 1741, 
leaving a son, 

Thomas Humfrey, Esq., b. 28 Januar}-, 171 7, who was father, by Elizabeth Stewart, his 
wife, of an only son, Henry Humfrey, Esq., b. 1757, who, dying unm., i May, 1843, left, by 
will, his property in Wicklow, Louth, and the King's Co. , to his kinsman, Benjamin Geale Humfrey, 
Esq. His ancestor, 

Matthew Humfrey, Esq., was brother of Henry Humfrey, who m. Miss Rolleston. He m. 
1685, Deborah, dau. of Benjamin Bunbur}-, J^sq. of Killerig, Co. Carlow, and by her, (who m. 
2ndly, Thomas Bernard, Esq. of Clonmulst) left five sons, of whom the eldest, Matthew, d. unm. 
1744. The 2nd son, 

John Humfrey, Esq., ni. 27 April, 1747, F^lizabeth, dau. of John Geale, Esq. of Mount 
Geale, Co. Kilkenny; and dying 1758, left a son, 

* Burke's LANDBn Oe\trv, EJ. 1879. 
t See Collin? r.vraiv, Vol. TX, p. 220. 


William Humfrey, Esq., b. 1750; who m. 5 February. 1774, I\Iary, dau. of Ale.xander 
Kirkpatrick, Esq. (of the family of Closeburn), and by her (who d. 1802) left at his decease, 
20 October, 1829, 

Alexander, b. 1775; d. August, 1845; m. Catherine, dau. of Major Craven, and had issue: 
1st, William Charles, b. 1802, ni. Collina, dau. of Major Fortye, and has four sons 
and one dau.; 2nd, Ale.xander John, b. 1803, m. Caroline, dau. of John Ba_vley, Esq., 
and has issue; 3rd, Thomas Craven, b. 1811: 4th, Benjamin, b. 1813, m. Harriet, 
dau. of D. O'Rorke, Esq., and has issue; 5th, Ellen, m. Rev. J. F. Morton. 
Benjamin Geale, of Cavanacor (1879). 
Anne, m. R. Stotesbury, Esq.; d. 1820. 
^Margaret, d. 1 8 1 5. 
Eliza, m. J. M. Reade, F'sq. 
Catherine, d. 9 December, 181 5 
Mar}- Anne. 
The 2nd son, 

Benjamin Geale Himfrey, Esq. of Cavanacor, Co. Donegal, Lieut. -Colonel in the army, 
served in the 45th Regt. , during the Peninsular war, for which he had a medal and nine clasps; 
J. R, and High-.Sheriff in 1848, b. 28 September, 1793; m. 3 July, 1823, ]Mary, only child and 
heiress of William Keys, Esq. of Cavanacor, and had issue: 
I. William, b. 16 July, 1824, d. April, 1826. 
II. John Keys, late of Cavanacor. 

III. Alexander, b. 9 August, 1831, .Surgeon 98th Regt.; m. 10 August, 1S65, Louisa, 

2nd dau. of Rev. J. V. Brabazon, of Rahan Glebe, and had three sons. 

IV. Benjamin Geale, b. 25 December, 1833; Capt. Royal Artillery. 
I. Jane. 

11. ;Mary. 

III. ;\Iarion, m. 11 August, 1853, Joseph Fishbourne, Esq. of Ashfield Hall, Queen's 

Co., and had, with other issue, a daughter. Mar}' Josephine. 

IV. Elizabeth, m. 18 July, 1867, Robert Moore .M'Mahon, Esq. of Holly Mount, 

Queen's Count}'. 
V. Kate, m. Brooke Rynd Chambers, Esq. of Foxhall, an officer in the Indian armv. 
VI. Annie Frances. 


AR3IS. — Gu., a lion rampant, and abm'e the 
hiad a ducal coronet or, on a canton 
of the last a trefoil vert. 

CREST. — On a ducal coronet an eagle, 
wings elevated, holding in his dexter claw 
a sceptre or. 

MOTTO. — Optima sperando spiro. 

SEAT. — Ballyhaise House, Co. Cavan. 

HumphryS, John Winter, Esq. of Ballyhaise House, Co. Cavan, I). 23 September, 
1829, m. 15 Februan-, 1854, Priscilla Cecilia, dau. of the Rev. J. P. Garrett, of Kilgarron, 
Co. Carlow, and had issue, 

1. William, b. 17 November, 1855, R. N. 

II. John Mervyn, b. 10 July, 1858; d. 26 November, 1874. 

in. James Winter, b. 17 April, 1861: d. 9 August, 1871. 

IV. Charles Vesey, b. 1 October, 1862. 

V. Mervyn Archdall, b. 25 February,, 1864. 

VI. Francis Edward, b. 19 May, 186^ 

VII. Arthur Armitage, b. 17 January-, 1870. 

VIII. Llewel}'n Winter, b. 28 November, 1871. 

IX. Percy Raymond, b. 16 July 1873. 

I. Caroline Elizabeth. , 

II. Priscilla Cecilia. 

III. Clara Christina. 

IV. Anna ;\Iaria. 
V. Emily May.* 

Lineage. — William Hcmphrys, Esq. of Ballyhaise. Co. Cavan. was High-Sheriff of that Co., 
1822: by Letitia, his wife, he left a son, 

William Humphrys, Esq. of Ballyhaise House, Cc. Cavan, J. P. and I). L. , Higii-.Sheriff, 
1832; b. December, 1798; m, [anuarw 1827. Anna Maria, dau. of John Pratt Winter, Esq. of 
Agher, Co. Meath, and had issue, 

I. William, b. November, 1827: d. unm.. 5 April, 1877, 
II, John Winter, of Ball)haise House (1879). 

III. Mervyn-Archdall, h. .March, 1830: was killed before Delhi in the Indian mutiny, 
I. Anne Elizabeth, ra. 2 .\ugust, i860, Armorie Russell McGuire, son of Wm. and the 
late Laily Mar)- McGuire. 


He m. 2ndh-, February, 1S38, Maria Clarissa, dau. of Hugh Moore, Esq. of Eglantine House, 
Co. Down, by whom he had, 

I. Hugh, b. 10 November, 1838, formerly Capt. 15th Hussars. 
n. Armitage Eglandne, b. August, 1843. 
I. Cecilia Letitia, m. Arthur Shirley Ball, Esq. of Geraldstown, Co. Mcath. 
II. Clara, m. Clifford Walton, Esq. 

III. Sylvia Priscilla, m. Nugent Everard, Esq. of Randalstown, Co. IMeath. 
Mr. William Humphrys died 1872. 


ARMS. — As., on a chevron, or, beiween t/ira gryphons heads, erased, arg., a chaplet of oak. verl: a chuf 

of the second, Ihereon three marlhls. gu. 
CREST. — An unicorn passanl, arg., armed, irined, and hoofed, or, the de.xler fool supporting a Roman 

fasees in bend, of the last. 
MOTTO.— Deus protector incus. 
SEAT. — Penlon Lodge, near Andaver. 

Humphery, Sir William Henry, Ban. of Pemon Lodge, Co. Suncy, b. 25 :March. 
1827; m. 2 July, 1850, Maria, youngest dau. and co-heir of William Cubitt, F"sq. of Penton 
Lodge, M. P., and has no issue. Sir William, who for some time represented Andover in Par- 
liament, was created a Baronet, lo December, 1868.* 

Lineage. — Johx Himphery, Esq. of Battersea Rise and Clapham Common, both Co. of Surrey 
(eldest son of John Hlmphery, F"sq. of Shadwell, Co. iNIiddlese.x), M. P. for Southwark, and 
Lord Mayor of London in 1842 — 43, was b. 30 May, 1794; and m. ist., 29 April, 1822, ]Mary, 
dau. of William Burgess, "Esq., and by her (who, d. 27 March, 1835) had issue, 

I. John, b. 8 Juh', 1825; m. Emma, dau. and co-heir of William Cubitt, Esq. of 

Penton Lodge, M. P. ^ ^ 

II. WiLLi.ui Henry, created a Baronet as above. ■"-- V. _> '' 

III. Charles, b. 24 April, 1828; m. Clara Maidand, of East Maitland, N. S. Wales. 

IV. George Francis, b. 20 April, 1831; m. 6 April, 1854, Isabella, dau. of William 

Kew, Esq. of Westmeath, and had issue. 
\. Mary, died an infant. 
II. Mary, died 9 Januar)-, 1835. 
Mr. Humphery m. 2ndly, 5 April, 1836, .\nnie Maria Jane, dau. of James Dyson, Esq. 
of Wiklen Shrubber}-, Co. Bedford, and d. 28 September, 1863, leaving issue by her. 

1640. WiLLi.\.M HfiiPHRiES, Esq. — His daughter and heir, Elizabeth, was the wife of Richard 
Tufnaile, or Tufnell, Cidzen and Brewer, of London and Clapham, Co. Surrey, ^I. P. for Southwark, 
1640, died in August, 1640. (For descendants see Berry's Pedigrees of Families in Co. Esse.x, p. 121). 

1663. William Humphries, of Co. Surrey. Esq. — His daughter and heir, Elizabeth, was the 
second wife of George Thomson, of Lee, near Blackheath, in Co. Kent, Esq. George Thomson, son 
and heir of George Thomson and Elizabeth (Humphries) was aged 14 in 1663. (Berry s Pedigrees 
of Families in Co. Kent, Chart of Thomson Family, p. 459). 

* Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, Fortieth Edition, pub. 1878, p. 647. 



The name of Humphreys is very ancient, illustrious, and associated with many a knightly 
deed of valor. It frequently occurs in connection with the histories of France and England, and 
has various forms. In Caiiiilairc de l' Abbaye de Redon en Brclagne* we find: Hunfrid, in January', 
837 — 838, witnessed a deed of gift by Unrog of his \ineyard in Gramcampus to the monks of the 
Abbey of Redon, in Brittany. 

In Caiiulaire de I' Abbaye de Seiini-Beriin:\ Humfridus, bishop and abbot of Saint-Bertin and 
of the monastery of St. Peter, called Sithiu, in Taruensis, "Sanctus Humfridus" in the list of abbots, 
described as a man endowed with all goodness and holiness, succeeded the blessed Folquinus as 
bishop. Bishop. Humfridus died at a very advanced age, March 8th, 869, in the 15th year of his 
episcopate. . _,' ' 

Hemfridus is also in the list of abbots of .Saint-Bertin. He succeeded Odbertus about 1012. 
In writings relating to the monastery of the Holy Trinity of Mt. Rothomagus, Rouen, occur as 
witnesses, the names of Humphrey, son of Richard, (date 1035—40) Fulchelnius, son _of Humphrey 
(Hunfredus) of Mathun, a canton of Longueville, (date 1050 — 66). 

Prior to 1076, the Abbot Rainerius gives Huinphrey, a soldier, son tif^Rueder, or Ruedrus, 
an elder, (filio Ruedri presbyteri) land on which to build a house in the fort Archense.J 

"Hunifrey de Vetulis," living in 1035, "was son of Thorulf of Pont-Audemer, and of Weva, 
the sister of Gunnor. " He sent his son Roger of Beaumont to fight with Roger of Toesn)-. ** This 
Humphrey is probably the same who, in 1078, built two convents at Pratellum, one for monks and 
the other for nuns. The first Abbot was Anfre}', 1078, a monk of .St. Wandregeselus. Rodolph, 
abbot of St. :\Iichael, gave to Humfrey de Vetulis Utica and 

In the ''Ancient List of the Conquerors of England." published by Andre Duchesne, from a 
charter in Battle Abbey, the name is found as " Umframvile"; in a list from Bromton's Chronicle as "Oun- 
fravyle et Downfrevvle" ; and in Leland^s list as " Vipount et Umfreville." JJ This abbey was founded 

* Pub. by Courson, 1863, in Documents Incdits sitr VHistoire dc France: p. 163. 

t Idem, Vol. III., pp. iii, 116, 162, 163, 167. Collection dcs Cartulaires des France, by Guerard, S40. 

+ Idem, pp. 426, 445, 464. 

*« Freeman's History of the Norman Conquest, Vol. 2, p. 130. 

tt Hist. Gaules ct France, par De Wailly, Vol. .\X1II. 

XX Thierry's History of the Conquest of England by, the Normans: Hazlitt's Translation, pub. London, 1847, = Vols; see Vol. I., 
pp. 417, 420, 421, 423. ••,.». 

Clreat light is thrown upon the origin of these names by considering the history of the grand partition ol Normandy, 
which followed an invasion of France, by Norwegians, about 896. 

There was at the court of Harold, King of Norway,- among the chieftains of the first rank, a certain Rognvald, 
whom the king greatly loved, and who had served him zealously in all his expeditions. Rognvald had several sons noted 
for their valour; of these the most renowned was Rolf, or by a sort of euphony common to many of the Teutonic 
names. Roll. 

It was an immemorial custom of the Vikings to exercise, upon every coast without distinction, a privilege «liich 
they termed stramihiig. or impressment of provisions. While on his return from a cruise in the Baltic, before landing 
in Norway, Rolf, by following this practice, incuired the displeasure of some peasants, and they complained to King Harold 
who chanced to be in that vicinity. The monarch summoned a Thing, or great council of justice, to try. him according 
to law, and he was sentenced to banishment for life. He collected some vessels and sailed towards the Hebrides, which 
had been adopted as an asylum by a portion of the Norwegians who emigrated after the conquests of Harold in Norway. 
He was at first king of only one portion and extended his power over the remainder by force of arms, making of the 
whole country one kingdom. All these men were of high birth and great military reputation. The new-comer. Roll 
joined his ve.^els with theirs, thus forming a numerous fleet, and all agreed to act under the orders, not of one sole 
chieftain, but of the confederates generally. Roll having no other pre-eminence than that of his personal merits and 
name. Sailing fLom the Hebrides, the fleet doubled the extreme point of Scotland, continuing in a southerly course 
until the coast of France was reached, when it passed up the Seine, taking possession of Rouen on the way. King Carl, 
or Charles, determined to repel the new invasion, but it was finally decided to hold a parley with the enemy before 


on the battle-field of Hastings, in fulfilment of a vow made by the Conqueror in the time of victory 
(1066). In the list of persons U< whom a dwelling-place was allotted around the circuit of the 
abbey, with their customary rent or service, are given: — number "89. Humfrey, the priest, 7d. and 
labour,"; number "iii. Humfrey Genester, yd. and labour."* These persons must have lived in 
the houses assigned to them prior to 10S7. " ^ -- — 

The name of Humphrey occurs often in "Doomsday Book," appearing most frequently as 
"Hunfridus, " in the "E.xon' Doomsdav, " which is supposed "to contain an exact Transcript of the 
original Rolls or Returns, made by the Conqueror's Commissioners at the time of forming the General 
Surve}-, from which the Great Domesda)- itself was compiled. Its main body presents a description of the 
western parts of the kingdom, comprising the counties of Wilts, Dorset, Somerset, Devon and Cornwall, "f 

risking a battle. Being asked if they woukl submit to King Charles, who offered them fiefs and honors on condition 
of faith and service, they replied "By no means." The French then tried the force of arms, but failed to bring tKem 
in subjection. Free to navigate the Seine, Roll and his companions ascended it to Paris and laid siege to that city, 
but without being able to make themselves masters of it. Ez'reux and several other neighboring towns next fell into 
the hands of these Normans. .\i Am/rti'i//t; near Evreux, which is a very ancient city and capital of the department 
of the Eure on the Iton (Normandy), at a later date, was the Seat of the Umfreville family, to which belonged Robert 
de Umfreville, Lord of Tours and Vian, who came to England, in 1066, with William the Conqueror, one of Roll's descen- 
dants. The arms of Evreux are: d'aziir a Irois flcurs-dc-lis li'or, 2 ct /, u la hamic coiiifoiinec d'argcitl ct dc giietilcs 
hrochant sttr Ic toitt.% 

According to an old chronicler, the companions of Roll made him "their king"; but this title, which was perhaps 
merely given him in the language of the north, was ere long replaced by the French title of duke or count. A tribute was 
regularly levied upon the towns and country districts. The Normans having Ijecome a territorial power, leagued 
themselves with other Scandinavians, probably Danes by origin, who occupied the mouth of tlie Loire, and agreed 
to pillage simultaneously the whole territory between that river and the Seine. The devastation extended into Burgundy 
and Auvergne. Paris was attacked a second time but resisted successfully, as did Chartres, Dijon and other strong 
places; but many unfortified towns were destroyed or sacked. In 912, sixteen years after the occupation of Rouen, 
the people of all conditions began to complain bitterly on account of these ravages and to demand that the war should 
be ended. King Charles thereupon convoked his barons and bishops in council, demanding of them "aid and advice." All 
counselled him to conclude a truce, and to negociate for peace. The Archbishop of Rouen was chosen to conduct 
this negociation. He went to Roll, the son of Rognvald, and said: "King Charles offers you his daughter Gisla in 
marriage, with the hereditary seigneury of all the country situated between the river Epte and the borders of Brittany, 
if you consent to become Christian, and to live in peace with the kingdom." Roll replied that the words of the king 
were good, but the land was insufficient. Flanders was then offered, which he refused as a "poor country, muddy 
and full of swamps." Then word was sent to him by the king that he should have, in fief, Brittany conjointly with 
Neustria, and the arrangement was accepted. 

The treaty was ratified in the most solemn manner. Roll swore faithfully to "protect the life, limbs and royal 
honour" of the king; and the king and barons gave "the Norman chief the title of count, and swore to protect his 
life, his limbs, his honour, and all the territory set forth in the treaty of peace." He was baptized, and married to 
the king's daughter, at Rouen, where it had been arranged that this double ceremony should take place. For seven 
days he wore the white habit of the newly baptized, and gave each day an estate to one of the seven churches, 
which had been indicated to him by the archbishop. Then, having resumed his ordinary dress, he occupied him- 
self with political affairs and with the grand partition of Normandy. The country was divided out by the cord, 
say the old chroniclers; such was the mode of mensuration used in Scandinavia. All the lands, whether desert or 
cultivated, except those of the churches, were shared out afresh, without any attention to the rights of the natives. — 

* * "New geographical denominations, even, resulted from this re-partition of territorial property, and usage thence- 
forth attached to many of the domains the names of the Scandinavian warriors to whose portion they had fallen. 

* * "Thus Angoville, Borneville, Cirimonville, Heronville, were the territorial possessions of Ansgod, Brion, 
Grim, Harold," &c. This explanation seems to account for the name UmfrL-nillc, as taken from the town of Aiiifi\-!.iUc. 
(Compiled from Thierry's Xorman Conquest of Englnnd, (Hazlitfs Translation) , Vol. 1. pp. 90-99.) 

* The Chroniclf of Battle Abbey, from 1066 to 1176; translated from the Latin by Mark Antony Lower, M. A., pub. 1856: pp. 19 — 21. 

t E.\on' Doomsday, " Hunfridus," pp. 2, 3, 4, 14, 15, 16, 65, 211, 250, 420, 432: " Honfrid, Honfridus," pp. 8, 9. Inquisitio 
Eliensis, " Humfridus," p. 517. Winton Doomsday, " Hunfr." p. 361. Boldon Book (a survey of the Co. Palatine of Durham) "jVmfridus," 
p. 567: and "Umfridus et filius ejus" — lands in "Wolsyngham," p. 576. We do not consider these variations of spelling in the name as oi 
much importance or significance, especially when dealing with ancient records, as it is no unusual thing to find the name of an individual 
spelled in several difl"erent ways, occasionally in the same document. The Doomsday Survey was probably completed about 1086. 

X Saint Fargean's Dictionnaii-e des Cpminnnes de Franee, pub. Pans. 1844. 

In mentioning houses with owners, in Dover, it is stated that "of the house which Ralph 
Colville occupies, heretofore the property of an exile or outlaw, it is agreed that one half of it belongs 
to the king, and the other to Ranulf Hunfrid has i house, one half of it belongs to the king."* 

In Doomsday for Leicestershire we find that "Hunfrid " the Chamberlain, held of the king 
lands in AU-graik-, Dalbi, and Barmsbi; "Nigell de Albingi" held of the king "two ploughlands in 
Sda" and "Hunfrid" held them of him. j 

Under "Notices of Commendation in Doomsday" we have: " Humfrey the Chamberlain holds 
lands ' de feuo reginae. ' " \ There is likewise a notice of the ' ' forfeiture of a foreign follower of 
William, Humfrey of Saint On>er."** 

Mr. Ferguson, (English Siinianus and their Pkue in the Teutonic Faniil\'\\'), states that the Anglo- 
Saxon yOvi/, Old Norse y/vi/r, signifies peace, and is frequently used in ancient compounds. "Humfrey 
is the same as Hunfrid, seventh bishop of Winchester, and a Hunfrid in the Domesday of York- 
shire." Burke regards the name "Homfray" as derived from the French words hm?ime and vrai.W 

Let us now consider the history of some who took part in the Conquest. It appears that 
"the fortress of Hastings had, from the very day when it began to arise, (1066 — 67) been placed 

under the command of Humfrey,*** the brother-in-law of Hugh of Grantmesnil. His son Robert, 

known afterward as Robert of Rhuddlan, had been one of the Norman favorites of Eadward; had 
received knighthood at his hands, and had held what one would think must have been the sinecure 
office of armour-bearer to the Saint." Concerning the ancestry of Robert is given: "Um/ridiis pater 
ejus fuit filiiis Ainfridi de progenic Dacorum." In 1068, Humfrey, the warden of Hastings Castle, 
returned to Normandy. fff 

Humphrey de Bohun is mentioned in the ancient poem " Le Roman de Ro-u," in the list of 
the principal Norman warriors who followed the Conqueror; " E de Bohon li vied On/rei." Xl\ He 
is also styled in foot-note "On/roi, seigneur de Bohon." 

' ' Bohun, or rather Bohon, the place whence the famil)' derived its name, is situated in the 
arrondissement of St. Lo, in the Cotentin, where are still the communes of St. Andre and St. George 
de Bohon. The mound of the castle was visible some thirty years ago, and may be still. The honor 
of Bohon was in possession of this Humphre}- at the time of the Norman in\-asion, and his later gift 
of the Church of St. George de Bohon as a cell to the Abbey of Marmoutier, is confirmed b}- William, 
King of the English, 'his Queen Mathildis, his sons Robert and William, his half-brother Odo, 
Bishop of Bayeux, Michael, Bishop of Avranches, Roger de Montgomeri, and Richard, son of Turstain,' 
husband of Emma de Conteville, which certainly supports the belief that he was closely connected 
with the Conqueror. He died before 11 13." Of his children, "the eldest son, Robert, died in his 
father's lifetime apparenth', unmarried; and from Richard, the second son, descended in the female 
line the Bohuns of Midhurst, in Sussex; but the grandeur of the Bohuns was due to the extraordinary 
succession of great matches made by the descendants of the youngest son, who became Earl of 

Hereford, Essex and Northampton, the co-heiresses of the last Humphrey de Bohun being the 

wives, one of Thomas of Woodstock, Earl of Gloucester, and son of King Edward III., and the 

* Thierry's History of the Couguest of Englaiid hy the Normans: Hazlitt's Translation, pub. London, 1847, 2 Vols. Vol. I., p. 430. 
t Nichols' Hist, and Antiq. of Uicestershire Vol. I., Part I., p. XXV: Translation of Domesday for Leicestershire. 
+ Freeman's Hist, of Norman Conquest, pub. 1873: Vol. V., p. 593. 
« Idem, Vol. V., p. 535. 

tt pp. 235 — 36. — His work is based on names found in the London Directory, and was published in 1858. 
« Burke's Landed Gentkv. 
■»* Called elsewhere "Humfrey of Tilleul." 

tit Freeman's Hist of Norman Conquest, Vol. IV.. pp. 48. 154. 

}{{ By Wace, a Norman poet ol the 12th century; pub. by Frederic Pluquet, at Rouen, 1827, Vol. H , p. 240. "Onfroi de Carteret" 
was also engaged in the battle of Hastings. 


other of Heniv, surnamed Bolingbroke, son of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, and subsequently 
ascending the throne of England as King Henry IV."* 

Thomas of Woodstock, Earl of Gloucester, "had issue, Anne, first maryed to Homfrey, 
Erie of Stafford, who had issue Homfre_\-, Erie of Stafford, and after she was maryetl to the Lorde 
Bowcer. " f 

Henry IV. died 20 March, 14 13, "leaning behinde him by the Lady Mary, daughter to 
Lorde Homffrey Erie of Hereford and Northampton, Henry prince of Wales, Thomas Duke of 
Clarence, lohn Duke of Bedford, Homfifrey Duke of Gloucester [styled "Good Duke Humphrey"], J 
Blanche Duchesse of Barre, and Pbylip Queene of Denmark." ** 

* The Conqueror and his Companions, by J. R. Planche, pub. 1874; Vol. I., pp. 63 — 66. See also Hist. 0/ England, by Rapin de 
Thoyras .Tindal's Translation , Vol. I., pp. 504, 535, 638. Froissarl's Chronulfs, Vol. I., p. 465, foot-note. Dugdale's Monastlion Aiigll- 
canum. Account of Abbey of Lanthony, near Gloucester, Vol. VI., p. 134. Edmondson's Heraldry, Vol. I., p. 28. 

t Grafton's Chronicle, Vol. I., pp. 411, 625. ** Idem, Vol. I., p. 506. 

I In 1447, Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, was chosen Protector, during tlie minority of his nephew Henry VI. 
" He was of a meek and gentle disposition, a lover of the Commonwealth, a supporter of the poor Commons, wise, 
discreet, studious, a lover of religion, a friend to virtue, and an enemy to pride, especially in the clergy, which 
made him to be much hated of them, and in the end brought him to an immature death. His learning was 
rare and memorable, and his discreet wisdom no less exemplary." He was a " Tatron of learning and learned 
himself, particularly in Astronomy. He wrote a treatise called Tabula Dircctiomim." ft His name is given among 
those "Illustrious English Names that shine in the History of the Conquest of France," as is also that of his brother 
John, Duke of Bedford. H Henry Beauford, Cardinal and Bishop of Winchester, is said to have been the "chief con- 
triver of his martyrdom, « * * \^,]^o drawing to his side William de la Pool, Duke of Suffolk, and the 
Duke of Buckingham, they conspired with the Queen to deprive him both of honor and of life. For which end a Par- 
liament was summoned to be kept at Bury, far from the citizens of London, who much loved the Duke of Gloucester. 
"And when the lords and commons were met, and amongst them the duke, neither thinking harm to others, or sus- 
pecting danger to himself; the second day after the Parliament began, the Lord Beaumont, then High Constable of 
England, accompanied with the Duke of Buckingham and some others, arrested the Duke of Gloucester, and put him into 
ward, which caused much murmuring amongst the people ; and the next night after, he was found dead in his bed, being, 
as it was commonly reported, smothered between two feather beds, having prudently governed this realm for the space of 
twenty-five years. * * * j^-Qt long before the duke's death, he had complained to the king, his nephew, o! 
sundry injuries which the Cardinal of Winchester had done, not only to him, but to the king and the whole kingdom ; 
which he had put into writing in twenty-fotir articles, and presented them to the king. King Henry committed the 
examination thereof to his counsel, (who being for the most part clergymen) the business was shuffled up and the duke 
entrapped, as we have heard. To aggravate this affliction, they accused his religious duchess, the Lady Elinor Cobham, oJ 
witchcraft and treason ; as if, to advance her husband to the crown, she had practised by sorcery and enchantment to destroy 
the king's person. And hereupon they enjoined her in a disgraceful manner to go through Cheapside with a taper in her 
hand, and to do penance in three public places of the city, and afterwards to be committed to perpetual imprisonment in 
the Isle of Man, under the custody of Sir John Stanley, Knt." (Reece's Christian Marlyrology, Vol. II., pp. 307-8.) 

He was buried m old St. Paul's Church, London, and one of the public walks near by was called "Duke 
Humphrey's Walk." In this walk those who were without the means of defraying their expenses at a tavern were 
accustomed to loiter about, hoping to obtain an invitation to dinner from some passing acquaintance. Hence was the 
anciently well-known expression, "dining with Duke Humphrey"; reference to which is probably intended by 
Shakespeare's expression (Richard III., Act IV., Scene IV.) "Humphrey's hour calls upon every one." (^ee "J. W. W." 
in Southey's Common Place Book, 4th Series, foot-note, p. 615, London, 185 1.) A lately published volume of the 
" Roxburghe Club," is entitled " Baifs of Nurlure and Keriiynge .^ It is an edition, in quarto, of part of a 
volume on Manners and Meals in Olden Time, that has long been in preparation for the Early English Text 
Society. The first " Boke of Nurture" is one by John Russell, usher and marshal to Niimp/irey, Duke of Gloucester, 
"Good Duke Humphrey," about 1420-44 A. D.; and has, oddly enough, been overlooked by all former writers on the 
subject. It is the most minute and interesting treatise on the management of a noble's household in the fifteenth cen- 
tury that has yet been printed, exceeding even the very valuable but more general "Boke of Curtasyc," edited by 
Mr. Halliwell for the Percy Society. It describes how the Duke was dressed, undressed, and put to bed ; how his 
bed was made, his table laid, his pew and bath prepared ; what dishes he ate on flesh days and fish days, and 
what grand Soteltes or Devices were prepared for his feasts. Elaborate directions for carving joints and fish, of all 
kinds, are given; as well as for making hippocras, taking care of wines, etc., and how people are to behave at table, etc. 
tt Kennett's Complete Hist, of England, p. 428. ++ Idem, p. 340. 



I. Sir Robert de Umfreville, Km., surnamed "Robert with the Beard," Lord of Tours 
and Vian, came to England with William the Conqueror, who, in the tenth year of his reign, granted 
to his "kinsman'' the forest, valley, and Lordship of Riddesdale, Co. Northumberland. f Thierr)! 
says that Sir Robert received from King William the sword which he had worn upon his entry into 
Northumberland; and that, upon it, he swore that he would use it in defending his new possessions 
' ' from thieves and wolves. By the tenor of the grant he was invested with the power of holding, 
governing, exercising, hearing and judging in all the pleas of the Crown, as well as others occurring 
within the precincts of Riddesdale. " One account ** sa\s, that, with this, was given the Barony 
and Castle of Prudhoe, and the Castles ot Harbottle and Otterburne (in iioo — 1135) by King 
Henry I.; — but it is more probable that they were "infeofted," or confirmed, to him by the son 
of the Conqueror. His children were: 


II. Robert de Umfreville, in mo was witness to the foundation of Kelso Abbev.ff One 
of the same name (probably this Robert) was witness to the foundation Charter of Neath Abbe^■, 
Glamorgan, time of Henry I. (iioo — ii35)t!t; and, from him descended a branch, seated in that 
county. His descendant, Henr\ de Humfre\ille, held five knights' fees of the honor of Gloucester, 
1 201.*** 

III. Odonel de Umfreville, famous in our annals for his bravery, held, by feudal tenure, 
the castles of Prudhoe, Harbottje, Otterburne and Riddesdale. ^^"ith Bernard de Baliol, and others, 
he took William, King of Scots, prisoner at Alnwick, (20th, King Henry II., 1174) after his retreat 
fixjm the siege of Prudhoe Castle. fff His name is found as a witness in the Charters of King David I., 

* This Pedigree is based upon that given in Burke's Hist, o/ the Coinmoncrs o/ Great Britain attti Ireland^ li., jgi — 194, with amph'- 
fications from other authentic sources. 

t Redesdale is the name of a district, comprising the parishes of Elsdon and Corsenside. The church of Eisdon is on the west 
side of the village; and an old tower, at a short distance, which is the rectory-house; the arms of the Hunfranvils are upon it; argent, a 
fess, bet'wee_n six cinqitc/oils, gules. There is an inscription underneath, not legible. {IVailis' Afiiig. 0/ Nortlittjnberland, II., 61). 

"Richard de Umfranvill held the vale ot Redesdale, by the service of guarding it from thieves; and his successor, Gilbert, held it 
*per regalem potestatem.' But as this district continued a nest of lawless freebooters, it was enacted by parliament, in 1420, that the 
statute of the second year of Henry the Fifth, against the robbers of Tindale, should be extended to those of Redesdale, 'that they 
should be outlawed, and their property forfeited.' Harbottle Castle, and the manor of Otterburne, were held of the king, in capite, by 
Robert Umfranvill, in 1428, 'by the service of keeping the valley of Riddesdale free from wolves and robbers, which service was adjudged 
to be great serjantry.' 'Upon search', at this time, 'it was found in one of the books of knights' fees, in the custody of the king's 
remembrancer, that Gilbert de HumfranviU held Riddesdale per regalem potestatem, by royal power.' There was no species of tenure 
in England known by the name of tenure by royal power. I do humbly apprehend, that in this case the tenure was barony, accompanied 
with a full power of a Lord Marcher foreagainst Scotland, like that baronial power which was anciently vested in the Earl of Chester, 
for the time being, or some other great Lord Marcher foreagainst Wales." {Beauties 0/ Etiglaiui and ll'ales, XII., Part I., 140^ Prudhoe 
Castle, as well as the Chapel of Our Lady, at the foot of the hill are now ruins. Otterburn Castle, probably derived its name from the 
brook Otter, on which it stood. 

$ Thierry's f/ist. 0/ tlie Conquest 0/ England by tlie Normans, (Hazlitt's Transl.) i. 230. It seems that these lands had previously 
belonged to Mildred, son of Akman. 

** Wallis' Antiq. of Northumberland, ii., 163—66; Hodgson's Hist. Northumberland, i., II., 6, which gives the date as 1076, and says 
these estates were granted by William the Conqueror. 

ft Kelso Chartular. Ed. Bannatyne. 

XX MonasticoH Anglicanum, i., 719; First ed. 

*** Hardy. Obi. ei Fin., 134. 

lit Wallis' Anti,,. Northumberbmd. 

and in the registers of Durham and Kclsci. * He opposed the Scutch invasion under Duncan, and 
died 1 182, leaving a daughter, IMatilda, wife of William do Albini, and a sun and successor. 

IV. Robert de Umfreville, Baron of Prudhoe, in 1182 (temp. Henry II.), granted lands to 
the monks of Newminster. He was succeeded by his grandson, (erroneously called his son, by 
Dugdale) Richard, son of Gilbert de Umfreville. 
V. Gilbert de Umfreville. 

VI. RicH.\RD de Umfreville, Baron of Prudhoe, was a benefiictor of He.xham Priory, and 
fortified the casrie of Harbotde in the beginning of the reign of Henry III., in the nth 3ear of which 
reign (1227) he died leaving four sons, one of whom, 

VII. Gilbert de Umfreville, Baron of Prudhoe, according to Matthew Paris, was ' ' a 
famous baron, guardian and chief flower of the North. ' He was Warden of the Marches; and 
held his barony by the service of two knights' fees and a half In a Charter between Henry III. , 
of England, and Ale.xander of Scotland, his name is affixed as witness. He died, 29th Henry III. 
(1245), leaving a son and heir. 

VIII. Gilbert de Ujifreville, Earl of Angus, y'w/v uxon's, was se\en }ears old when his 
father died. He was summoned to the Parliament, held at Carlisle (35th King Edward I.), in the 
Octaves of St. Hilary, January 21th, 1307; held his barony by the tenure above mentioned, and 
was highly instrumental in fortifying Scottish casdes and strongholds. He founded a chantry in the 
chapel of Our Lady, at his castle at Prudhoe; endowing it with two tofts, and 118 acres of land, 
and five acres of meadow, for the maintenance of the two chaplains to perform divine service as 
above mentioned. He seems, also, just before his death, to hava been appointed one of the 
King's two Lieutenants in Scotland. His wife was Elisabeth, daughter and heir tif John Comyn, 
Earl of Angus. f He died 1308, if (temp. Edward II.) and was succeeded by his son, (then thirty 
years of age), 

IX. Robert de Umfreville, second Earl of Angus, and feudal Baron of Prudhoe, distinguished 
himself in Scottish wars. In ist Edward II. (1307), Robert de Umfreville, Earl of Angus, and his 
kinsman, William, Lord Roos,** were constituted the king's lieutenants in ScoUand, between Berwick 
and the River of Forth; also in the marches of Annandale, Carryk and Galloway. 

Again, when Edward II., sent a solemn deputation to Robert de Brus to treat of jieace, the 
Earl of Angus was one of those persons chosen to act in this capacity. In a brief summar\- of the 
wardrobe accounts of the loth-i ith-i4th years of Edward II. (1317-18-21) is the following: 

"To .Sir William de Roos of Hamlake, banneret, sent by the King and Council, with all the 
men-at-arms in his pay: together with Robert de Umfravill, Earl of Anegos, Sir John de Benstede, ' 
knight, Roger de Northburgh, keeper of the vTardrobe, and Master Robert de Baldoc, Archdeacon 
of Middlesex, to the Marches of Scodand, to treat with Sir Robert de Brus of the ratifying of a peace 
between the said Lord our King and the said Sir Robert; for his wages, those of two bannerets, 
twenty knights, and sixt3--seven squires, from the 30th of March in the present )ear to the 17th of 
April next following, being nineteen days during which he was employed in the .said missii^n, 
receiving for himself and each banneret 4 s., for each knight 2 s. , and for each squire i s. a day. 

By composition made with Thomas de Wilton, his clerk, at York, 20th Lif Jul}-, 16th 
Edward II. (1323). 1031., 11 s." 


* Nisbet's System of Heraldry, Ed. 1816, !., 391; also ii. 

t Idem, gives his wife as "Matilda, Countess of Angus, and by her was Earl o£ .^ngus" — this in the reign ^^^ Alexander III. of 

t "Sir Gilbert de Humfranvii,, Baron ol Prudhow, sold to the monks of Newminster Abbey llic moors of Cheviot, and the granges 
of Felton and Tollard, which his ancestors, Odonel, William, Richard, and his own father and mother. Sir Gilbert and the Lady Mathilda, 
had before granted to hold by lease, and given them Turf-hill pasture." He was among the Scotch peers who did homage to King Ed- 
ward I., in the August assembly. Wallis' Antiq. 0/ Northinnherlatiti , ii., 305, 434. 

** Robert de Roos, his ancestor, married Lady Isabel, the rich heiress of William de Albini IV., Lord of Belvoir, in Leicestershire, 
by Albreda, daughter to Henry Lord Eiset, son of William de Albini III., by Margery, daughter to Odonel de UnfranviUe. iCollins' 
Peerage, VI., 486—87). 

In the nth year's accounts we find: 

"The king kept his Christmas this year in the palace of Westminster, and on that day the 
following knights received sumptuous presents of plate from the king; viz: Sir Robert de Umfra- 
vill, Earl of Anegos, and others."* 

He m. ist, Lucie, daughter of Philip de Kyme, Baron Kymef; by whom he had issue, 
Gilbert and Elisabeth. He m. 2nd, Eleanore, and had Robert (Sir), who died s. p., and Thomas. 
The Earl died April, 1325. (See Chart I.) 

'y~ X. Gilbert de Umfreville, summoned to Parliament, as 3rd Earl of Angus, from 27 January, 
1332 to 26 August, 1380, was chief commander at the battle of Durham, 20 Edward HI. (1346), 
where David Bruce was totally defeated and made prisoner by the English. J 

He married, ist, Johanna, daughter of Robert, Lord Willoughby de Eresby; no issue. He 
married 2nd, Maud, sister of Anthony Lucy, and had only child Robert, who married Margaret, 
dau. of Henry, Lord Percy, but pre-deceased his father without issue. He died, 1381, leaving 
his niece Alianore,** heir of the whole blood; and Thomas, his brother, of the half blood, his 
next male heir. None of the family were ever subsequently summoned to Parliament, ff 

XL Sir Thomas de Umfreville, (brother of the half blood to the foregoing Gilbert, 3rd 
Earl of Angus), m. Joane, dau. of Adam de Roddam, and had a son. 

XIL Sir Thomas de Umfreville, knt., m. Agnes — , and had a son, 

Xin. Sir Gilbert de Umfreville, Lord of Kyme,JJ known as "a valiant knight," was 
nephew to Sir Robert Humfranville, Knight of the Most Noble Order of The Garter, and Vice- 
Admiral of England, whom he attended (1408) in that famous expedition into Scotland, where he 
acquired the nick-name of "Robin IVIend-Market" from his selling the Scots round penn3-worths of 
their own goods, taken by pillage. He also attended King Henry V., the "Glory of England," in his 
expedition into France, 14 17 — 19, by whom he was made Governor of the castle of Gournie for 
his bravery; also Governor of IMelun, upon the Seine, in the same kingdom.*** He was slain on 
Easter Eve, 14 19, at a narrow pass called Viel Bauge, or Baugie, in Anjou, with his general the 
Duke of Clarence, and John Grey, Earl of Tankervil; the party having been decoyed there by a 
servant of the Duke's under bribe from the enemy. 

* Archaeologia, Vol. XXVI., 330, 344. 

t Walter Kyme of that Baronial family which took their name from Kyme, Lincolnshire. He was summoned to Parliament 
as a Baron, and is mentioned for his valour in Palestine [in the third crusade]. See account of "Le Sire d'Umfraville," also Dansey's 
English Crusaders, for arms of Kyme family; also. Humphrey family of County Sussex. 

X Kennett's Complete Hist. 0/ England ; London, 1706, p. 222. 

** She was the only dau. and heiress of Gilbert Burdon, and his wife, Elizabeth, the sister of Gilbert de Umfreville, third Earl of Angus. 

ft In Nisbet's System 0/ Heraldry, Ed. 1816, it is stated that "the Earl's amorial bearing was, azure, a cinquefoil within an orle of 
eight cross-crosslets or; but the Umfravilles afterwards, for adhering to the Baliols, and to the interest of the Edwards of England, were 
forfeited of their lands, and forced to reside in England. They were great men there, and always claimed right to the Earldom of Angus, 
for which see Edmund Howe's Hist, of England." Nisbet adds: "there are few or none of that name now with us, save some small 
families in the name of Umphk.w, one of which I find in our New Register, Mr. Theodore U.mi-heav, Minister of the Gospel; Vert, a 
chevron between three cinquefoils in chief, and a cross-crosslet fitched in base argent: Crest, a book expanded, proper; Motto, Pax tua 
Domine est requies jnea." The same author also speaks of an Ingelramus de Umphravii.le, who was of a branch of the U. family 
''that were Englishmen, but possessed of a great estate in Angus, and elsewhere, which they lost because they would not renounce their 
allegiance to England and turn honest Scotchmen. In the rolls of King Robert I., there are charters of land granted by that prince, 
upon the narrative, that the lands had formerly belonged, and forfeited to the Crown, by the attainder of Ingelramus de Umphravile. 
Upon the forfeiture of the English Family of U., Sir Alexander Stewart, of Bonkill, was, in 1327, created F2arl of Angus. 

Sir Walter Scott, in his description of the battle of F>annockburn, gives the following incident which is worthy of record; 

"The next morning, being the 24th of June {i3i3\ at break of day, the battle began in terrible earnest. The Englisb.Kas they ad- 
vanced, saw the Scots getting into line. The Abbot of Inchaffray walked through their ranks barefooted, and exhorted them to tight for 
their freedom. They kneeled down as he passed, and prayed to Heaven for victory. King Edward II., who saw this, called out, 'They 
kneel down, they are asking forgiveness.' 'Yes,' said a celebrated English baron, called Ingelram de U.mphkaville, 'but they ask it 
from God, not from us — these men will conquer, or die upon the field.' " — He probably belonged to the Northumberland family. 

tX Grafton's Chroniele, Vol. I., p. 502."— Sir Gilb?rt UmfraviUe, called Earl of Kyme by some historians.— ^(iv/iOT.'«.r;<t, Vol. XXII., 
pp. 363—366, 389, 394. 

*t=* In 1417, Henry V. was accompanied to Normandy by "Sir Gilbert Vmfreuile" and others, on a "high enterprise." They laid 
siege to a Castle called "Tonque," which they took; and the town and Castle of "Cane" also came into the King's possession." "When 
the King had set Cane in good order, he left there for Capteynes, the one of the town and the other of the Castell, Sir Gilbert Vmfre- 
uile and Sir Gilbert Talbot." (Grafton's Chronicle, I., 526.J 

— ' 23 

In the "Old English Poem on the siege of Rouen, A. D., 1418, h}- King Henr}- V.", there 
aie several allusions to Sir Gilbert Umfreville, who so greatly distinguished himself by his military 
talents during the war in France. He was one of the Commissioners appointed to treat with the 
French legates. 

The inhabitants of Rouen sent unto the King begging for mercy. 
"Thanne a new zeris day in the Mornynge, Tho Vmfrevyle of the kyng toke leva, 

S'Gilbert Vmfrevile come to the kynge, And to the Citee anone he went. 

And alle this matere to hym saide, And whan he come atte gate, 

& thereof the Cite mekely hym prayde. The states of the Citee he fonde therate. 

Oure kyng seide thanne by good avice, 

& also at his owne device. He sayde, 'I have be wt our [kyng] 

To graunte that cite alle her wille: And he hathe graunted yow yowre askyng, 

'Lete xii of hem come me tille.' To morrow betymes loke ye be there, 

******* For . xii. of yow shalle to hym fare.' 

When the kyng had graunted as I haue toldc, ******* 

To Vmfrevyle the knyght so bolde. The satirday after newyeres day. 

The kyng seyde, 'Sir, when shalle thys be? At that houre of day at prime, 

Yf they wole, to morrow late see.' Sir Gilbert Vmfrevyle come by tyme," &c.* 

He is mentioned in other parts of the poem, but this brief extract is sufficient to show its 
quaintness. Sir Gilbert is said to have "perished with many others at the unfortunate battle of 
Baugy, in 142 1, leaving no issue. "f From this statement w^e are led to believe that the following 
relates to him: Gilbert de Umfreville was constable of the Castle of Shepey (an ancient castle of 
Queensborough) Anno I, Henry V. (14 13), and died Anno 9, Henry V. This castle was built about 
1361, by King Edward III. J 

Sir Gilbert Humfreville was the principal executor of the will of Thomas Arundel, Archbishop 
of Canterbury, who died February 20th, 14 14.** 

He was succeeded in his Lordship of Reedsdale, and Castles of Harbottle and Otterburne, by 
his kinsman Walter Tailboys, who was in possession of them 17 King Henry VI. (1438.) By the 
attainder of Sir William Tailboys, after the battle of Hexham-field, 3 King Edward IV. (1463) they 
reverted to the crown. This castle and Lordship of Prudhoe were given to John, Duke of Bedford; 
and afterwards to Henry Perc}-, Earl of Northumberland, and are now in the possession of his Grace, 
the Duke of Northumberland. f:{; __ 

Sir Robert UmfrevilleJJ . ..s created Knight of the Garter, by King Henry IV., (1399 — 1413); 
was sent, 1408, to the assistance of the Duke of Burgoyne (accompanied by his nephew, Sir Gilbert, 
of whom, see page 22),*** "with dyuerse other valiant Captej'nes'; he was appointed by King Henry Y. , 
in 1414, to keep the "Marches io3-ning to Scotland. The which Sir Robert Vmfreuile, on the day 
of St. Mary Magdalene (July 22, 14 15) entered upon the Scottes at the towne of Geder}'ing, hauyng 
in his companie onely foure hundredth Englishe men, where after a long conflict and skirmishe, he slue 
of his enemies Ix. and odde, and tooke prisoners, ccclx. and discomfited and put to flight a thousand 
and mo, whome he folowed in chase xii. myles and so laden with prayes and prisoners, returned to the 
Castel of Rokesboroughff f vnhurt, of the which castell he was then Capteyne " J JJ In 1429, he founded 

* Harleian Ms., No. 3256; Archaologia, Vol. XXII., p. 363. 

t Archiealogm, Vol. XXIT., p. 389. 

X Hasted's History 0/ County Kent. 

** Idem, Vol. XII., p. 413. 1 

1t Wallis' Antiq. of Northumberland, Vol. II., p. 166. 

}}Son of Sir Thomas, No. XI. preceding family. 

"^'^ See Note,*** p. 22. 

1tt Ro.\borough Castle, of which he was governor. Kennett's Comptste Hist. Eng., 314. Town of "Yevering." 

Jtt Wallis' Antiq. of Northumberland, 481. also states that, "on the south side of the village, midway between the hill and the road 
from Kirk Newton to Wooler is an unwrought column of whinstone erected in memory of this fight, of a vast magnitude: in height tour- 
teen feet and four inches; in diameter at the base as many; and towards the middle, eleven feet, seven inches. See also Grafton's 
Chronicle, \., 511. 

the Chantry of Farnacres, which was endowed with the whole vill and manor of Farnacres. * After 
a Hfe of turmoil and strife, this Knight of the Garter, and at one time, Vice-Admiral of England, 
became a monk in the Abbey of Missenden, Co. Bucks; and dying, left to its Abbot the care of 
his son.f 

William, from whom, in lineal succession, descended 



Richard, of Bucks Co. 

William of Farnham Ro3'al, Co. Bucks, also of Isleworth, Co. Middlesex, married IMaria, 
daughter of — Lane of Acton, Yeoman Usher to King Henry VIII. (1509 — 1547)- A large Chart 
giving the descendants of his sons Thomas Umfreville, of London, and Andrew Umfreville, of 
Farnham Royal, is found in Hist, of Durham, ii, 394-6. J Arms, Gules, a cinquefoil within an 
orle of crosses-patonce. Or. Cres/, out of a mural coronet Gules, a griffin's head issuant. Ermine. 

Edward Umfreville, Esq. of Farnham Royal, (a descendant of William, who was left to the 
care of the Abbot of Missenden, and heir to his grandfather Andrew Umfreville, who died in 1651), 
"born in 1638, of the Inner Temple, barrister-at-law, sought to recover the barony of Umfreville, 
but failed by reason of the great lapse of dme and the difficulties arising through the wars of York 
and Lancaster (1455 — 1485); the family of Umfreville suffering severely during these contests, so 
that in some instances they were obliged to absent themselves in foreign countries, and in others to 
change their names and arms to avoid prosecution."** 

* It seems probable this estate had belonged to his uncle, Sir Robert, as Mr. Surtees gives a representation of "the Seal of 
Robert de Unfranville, Chivaler," appended to a grant of warren in his lands of Farnacres, made to the Prior and Convent of Durham, 
24 December, 1368. His/. 0/ Biir/iam, i., plate IX., 15: Seal of Thomas Umfraville, u., plate X., 19. See also IV., cl.\.\i. 

t According to a Pedigree in Philpot's Collections in the College of Arras. 

J See Burke's Commoners, ii., 193, for similar statement. 

*•* Idem., ii., 194. 

HoLMsiDE, in the parish of Lanchester, Durham, became the estate of the Umfrevilles. "Thomas 
Umfreville held the manor, stated to contain a hundred acres, by the services named in Boldon 
Book. In 1387, he died seized of the manor by homage, fealty, and 14 s. 4d., and of ten acres 
called Hamwellburn, held by three shillings ex-chequer rent, (and of the manor of Whetele, &c. ) 
leaving Sir Thomas Umfreville, Knight, his son and heir." Thomas Umfreville held the manor of 
Whidey "by knight's service, and 36s. rent." The estate rested in the Umfrevilles till the extinc- 
tion of male issue. Surtees gives the following ; 

"The Hall (at Holmside) seems to have belonged to a class of mansions inferior to the 
peel or castle, yet built with some view to defence. Part of the t>ld C(-iurt-}ard is remaining ; the 
Chapel forms the north side, and its west window is still perfect, of two lights under a square 
label, with the cinquefoil and two blank shields in the spandrils. Above this west window 
a mutilated figure is fixed in the wall, with a full moony face, and a kind of round helmet 
or pol en tete. I should almost conjecture this to be a rude piece of Roman sculpture, remo\ed 
from the Station, which ma)' probably have furnished the coins and squared stones used in build- 
ing this chantry of the Umfrevilles." This Stadon occupies a lofty hill to the west of the village 
of Lanchester. ff 

The descendants of Sir Thomas Umfreville, Knt. of Harbotde Castle, and owner of Holm- 
side and Whitley, are found on Chart I. 

tt Surtees' History o/ ])tfrham, Vol. II., pp. 324, 331. 

S S ^ ^F- < o I < 

§0-5, v§g "' ^ y <° i. 

3 g - o 

< ^ n &-' 

"S g^ -^ £; 5: 

S- ci- _ 3 o* 

O u: p 3 Cl- 

■*> 2. a. crq 

° " 3^ d 

i 2. S- s- 3 

IV., p. 350; 
, (eldest so 

Sir Thoma 
id sons. Sir 
nbcrland, V 
rs of their 

rham, Vol 


rl of Angus 
demise issu 
See, also, 
so Collins' 

ude of co- 
nd by wil 
3ttle Castle 


also Surtees' Hist, and 
n and heir of Sir Wm. 
s Umfreville of HarbottI 

William Ryther and Gil 
ol. II., p. 543. 
mother, of a fifth part 

II., p. 326, footnote 

ob. 1325, see p. 21. 
eless of William de Kym 
Wallis' Antig. 0/ NortJtii, 
Peerage, Vol. II., p. 245. 





amongst the gentry 

heirs, Sir Robert Um 

or deed estated him 

, and that Rowland ' 

-Rowland Tempest, you 
Sir William Tempest, ol 
York, after of Holmsid 
disposition of Sir Robert 
K. G. 

3- % nj3 t) 




C « P - 

S K s = 

s, 5- 3 

^r. g.| 

= ~ 3: ^ 


2* W TO a 


It rh 


:ce Is 
e tok 


" g S-o 

i 5^«o s 

i I--S 

zSf Sj 

" =- = 3. 

< C p m 
£3 ?«g 

5- Si ^ 5- 

^ crq 

7 q-» » 


AN, m. S 
was livin 
heir of Gi 
freville, 9 

r William 

g and co- 











































■>» 3 g 

3 s ; 





The ancient Family of Humphreys \vas honorably represented in the Crusades, or Wars for 
the Recovery of the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem.* In a Latin work, De Bello Sacro (Lib. L, 77,80)! 
by Benedictus Accoltus, which narrates the history of these wars, we find, in a foot-note, the names 
of those, of the highest rank, whu followed Boamundus out of Italy, or other western provinces, 
in the first crusade, viz.: Tancrediis, son of the sister of Boamundus, | and of Wilhelmus Comes; 
Rkhardiis of Principaiiis, grandson of Robertus Viscardus, and Ranulphus his brother ; Robertus 
of Anxa ; Hermanns of Car?ius ; Robertus of Surda Valle ; Robertus, son of Tristanus ; Humfredus, son 
of Rudollus/ Rkhardus son of Ranulphus, Comes of Rosinolus^ with his brothers, Boeliis Carnotensis^ 
Alberedus of Cagnanus\ Humfredus of Mount Scahiosus. This army comprising ten thousand horse- 
men and a very great number of footmen, under most illustrious ensigns, came to Constantinople, 
and, three weeks after the feast of the Passover,** joined Godefredus. 

Even earlier than this, as we learn from the Dktionnaire de la Noblesse, "W in the 3'ear 1094, a 

* The first crusade for the recovery of the Holy Land was about 1097: the second, 1147; the third, 1189; and the fourth, 1203. 
The first crusade was published by Pope Urban II., at the Council of Clermont in Auvergne, 1095. Godfrey de Bouillon, Duke ot the 
Lcwer Lorraine, was one of the principal commanders of the main army. He was accompanied by a great number of German and French 
nobles. The conquest of Jerusalem took place in 1099. The crusaders formed a Christian kingdom ot the conquered countries, of which 
they gave the crown to Godfrey de Bouillon. 

The passage of the French crusaders awakened the zeal of the Italians. Eohemond, prince of Tarentum, was the first who resolved 
to associate himself with their fortunes. He was the son of Robert Guiscard from Normandy. "A short time after," having been chosen by 
the Italian crusaders to command their expedition, " he embarked for the coasts of Greece with ten thousand horsemen and twenty 
thousand foot. Every illustrious knight of Apulia and Sicily followed the prince of Tarentum. With him marched Richard, prince of 
Salerno, and Randulf his brother ; Herman de Cani : Robert de Hanse ; Robert de Sourdeval ; Robert the son of Tristan : Boile de Chartres : 
and Humphrey de Montaigu. All these warriors were celebrated f^r their exploits, but no one amongst them was more worthy to 
attract the attention ot posterity than the brave Tancred." 

The relationship of this Tancred and the Humfreys is thus set forth in Biographic Unwerselle, XIX, 336 ; and Grand Dictionnaire 
Unh'crselle, par Larousse. 

" Unfroi, called also Onfroi, Humfro[ or Humphrov, third son of Tancrede de Hauteville, succeeded in 1051, Drogon, his 
brother, in the command of the Norman adventurers who conquered La Pouille and founded the kingdom of Naples. It was he who 
gained, 18 June, 1053, the great victory of Civitella over Pope Leo IX., and who obtained of this pontiff, whom he had made prisoner, 
the investiture of the same provinces from which the holy father had wished, a few days before, to drive the Normans by a crusade. He 
died m 1057, and his brother 

Robert succeeded him as Count de Pouille. This famous warrior who took the surname of Guiscard, or Wiscard, was born about 
1015, and died 1085. In his conquests of various cities and of the Island of Sicily, he was aided by his younger brother Roger, who be- 
came King of Sicily, and whose descendants were kings and dukes there. Robert's son 

Makc Eohemond, the crusader, who eventually became Prince of Antioch, married Constance, daughter of Philippe, King of France. 
His posterity held supreme sway in Antioch over a hundred years. This celebrated knight, while on a visit to France, died at La Pouille 
in the year iiii. 

Humphrey's sister's son, Tancred, a Sicilian prince, in 1096, joined his cousin Eohemond and other friends, and led his Normans 
from Italy and Sicily to Palestine to aid in the conquest of the Holy Sepulchre. One of his knightly followers, Raoul de Caen, has told 
the story of his exploits in " Gesta Tancred;" and in Tasso's "Jerusalem Delivered" he has also found a place." 

We add the following account of the meeting of the two armies : "In the midst of battle, when Eohemond and the rest despaired 
of seeing Jerusalem, and were in momentary expectation of death, a thousand voices proclaimed the approach of Raymond and Godfrey, who 
were advancing with the other division of the Christian army. Scarcely had Godfrey, who, followed by fifty knights, had preceded his 
army, mixed with the combatants, when the Sultan sounded a retreat and retired to the heights. The Christian army immediately 
formed in order of battle. Eohemond, Tancred, and Robert of Normandy placed themselves on the left; Godfrey, the Count of Flanders, 
and the Count de Blois led on the right wing," &c. See Michaud's Hist. 0/ the Crusades: Dansey's English Crusaders, pp. 02, 93 107, 
109: MacFarlane's Cabinet Hist. 0/ England, Vol. HI., p. 214. Ptolemais was taken by the Sultan of Egypt in 1291, with which ended 
the Holy War. 

t The edition from which we copy this statement was published in 1731 ; and has a preface by Thomas Dempster, also valuable 
explanatory notes collected by him from various sources. Godefredus is Godfrey de Bouillon. 

+ " Eohemond, prince of Tarentum, and his cousin Tancred." Stebbing, Vol. I., p. 224. 

** "The most usual time for the arrival of the pilgrims in the Holy City was Blaster, a period marked by the annual miracle of 
the sacred fire which then descended from heaven, and lit the lamps which burnt in the sepulchre." Stebbing's History 0/ Chivalry and 
the Crusades, pub. 1830, Vol. L, p. 157. 

ft Containing the genealogies, history and chronology of noble families in France, description of their arms, &c.: pub. by Chenaye- 
Desbois, at Paris, 1776 ; Vol. XI., p. 8i. In this work it is stated that Onfroy, or Honfrov, was the name of a noble estate and fief de 
Haulbert, in the earldom of Eu, which has given its name to an ancient family of Upper Normandy. In a few instances we have accepted 
correnions of this account of the Onfmy family, found in Nohiliare Vfuversei de I-ra>ice, pub. Pans, 1818 ; V..1. XV, pp. 191-19S. 


Lord of the name Onfroy, son of Rodolphe [probably the same as the "Humfredus, son of Rudolfus," 
in extract from the De Bella Sacro, as above quoted] with another Lord named Cany, and other 
devout Norman knights, undertook a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and, passing through Italy, he 
signalized his valor at the siege of Salerno. 

In the course of the first crusade, Onfroy de Surauiiont, son of the preceding, at the head 
of thirty Normans, took possession of Thoron, the strongest fort of Palestine, near Nazareth, from 
which he and several of his descendants took the surname. 

In 1 1 50, Onfroy, called Thoron,* son of the one who had taken this citadel by storm, cem- 
manded the rear-guard of the army which defended Antioch against the Sultan. Having become Constable 
of Jerusalem, he re-captured Alexandria ; but displeased with Amaur}-, King of Jerusalem, he with- 
drew to Lower Armenia, with his son, where he died in 1167. 

Onfroy, third of the name, called Thoron, was not more fortunate than his father and than 
the constable, his grandfather. After the death of Amaury, he married, in 1174, the king's younger 
daughter, named Isabeau INIelissante, who was then only nine }ears of age ; but, in the course of 
lime, Philippe de Dreux, Bishop of Beauvais, who had distinguished himself in this crusade, an- 
nulled the marriage. Onfro}'-de-Thoron, indignant at seeing his wife married successivel}- to the 
Marquis of Montferrat and- the Count of Champagne, returned to France to re-claim his rights. 
It was not until after his death and that of Melissante that the peers of the kingdom, assembled 
at Melun, published, in 1227, a notable decree, by which the children that Melissante had by 
her second and third marriages were declared illegitimate. 

Onfroy du Boricard, son of Thoron and of the Lady of Boucard, was then too young to 
profit by this decree. He styled himself Porte-Oriflamme, in a census of his fief of Boricard re- 
turned to the Comte-Pairie d' Eu, 7 Jan. 1235. He had no posterity, and left a brother, one of 
whose descendants, the last of the name Thoron, was charged, in 1343 or thereabouts, by Philippe 
de Valois, with an important negociation with the Swiss : he died in Switzerland, and left a son to 
whom, on account of his achievements in warfare, had been given the surname of Lutin. One reads 
above his epitaph, of the year 1462, in the church of Puissanval, in the earldom of Eu : — "In 
1425 was born Onfroy Taupin, grandson of Engrand, Esq., Lord of Onfroy, Puissanval in the 
earldom of Eu, and Verchots in Boulonnois, who married in London, in 1459, Bethsi Roper, eldest 
daughter of William Roper, Lutheran Doctor, and grand-daughter, by her mother, of the celebrated 
Thomas More." He was born in 1425, on his Normandy estates, and died in Engkmd, where he 
had been made a prisoner, leaving a daughter, and a son who had issue : Guillaume Onfroy- 
Taupin, who married in London, 1559. By this marriage were several sons who all changed tlreir 
names in England on account of religious disturbances. The younger branch is still in exist- 
ence there. 

Nicolas Onfroy, head of the elder branch, died at his chateau of Verchots, in Boulonnois. 
He was called de la Barre, which name his children and grandchildren have nearly all borne since 
that date. He left four children, all born in France, viz. : i N. Onfroy, died a convert to the 
Trappists, in the odor of sanctit}'. See the article Onfro}', in Second \\)lume of La Vie des 
Peres de la Trappe ; 2 Jean, Vicar of Ifs in Normandy ; 3 Nicolas, whose history is given below ; 
4 Francoise, wife of M. de Chamilly. 

Nicolas Onfroy, called de la Barre, Esq. , Officer of Cavalry, was married, in the city of Eu, 
to Claude de Villy, and had issue: Nicolas de la Barre, Esq., Lord of Onfroy; Francoise de la 
Barre, and several other children. 

There is an Onfroy, Esq., who lives (1776) at St. Domingo, in the quarter of Isle a Vache, 
who belongs to this famil}', which bear arms : argent, a lion rampant, a rising sun or. 

the Royal Academy; Humfrny, 
the series of Docuinenis Jitdfits 

* Htm/redus dc Torono, as given in Historii^iis des \Cro 

isades, pub. 1844, 


r the superv 

ifroi. or Henfred, Le Seigneur de Toron, as found in l^s 

Families d' Outre 


- PP- 4f>S-47'5 '■ 

r IHstoin- de Frame. 


There are two other fiimilies of the name Onfrov, in the same province of Normandy ; the 
■ first, of the Election of Bayeux, who bear arms : argai/, a cha'ron, guks, tliice Ire/oils veti, hvo 
and 071C. 

The second family is of the Election of Caen, and bear arms : or, a hande azure. 

From the Nobiluiire Universd de France*, we glean the record of another branch of this Onfroy- 
de-Thorox Family, as follows : 

I. Marin Onfroy, a descendant of Onfroy de Thoron, 3d of the name, died in 1548 ; he 
was Esquire, Lord of Vert, Veret, Agnerville, Saint-Laurent-sur-Mer, Aubigny and Pyramiere, six 
parishes in the Election of Bayeux, and the Generality of Caen ; and obtained from Francois I. a 
charter, dated 1543, in which the king eulogized his services, and those of his children and vassals, 
in the Bans and Arriere-Bans of the army. The name of his wife has not been ascertained. 

According to an ancient tradition preserved in the family, it appears that, about the year 
1490, RIarin came from the city of Philadelphia, in Asia, where his family had resided since the 
Crusades, and that he brought \\ith him a very large fortune which he invested in Normandy, the 
ancient country of his ancestors. He there planted, or grafted, a variety of apple which he had ob- 
tained in his travels, and which, in the vicinity 9f Caen, became famous for producing excellent cider. 
This apple, in our day, is known as the Marin Onfroy. After so long a residence abroad, Marin 
could not authentically prove his filiation with Onfroy de Thoron, third Duke of Antioch, and one 
of the descendants of the twelfth son of Tancred de Hauteville, a nobleman of the diocese of Coutances. 
It was believed to be right that he should obtain from Francois I. the charter already mentioned. 

II. Jean Onfroy, Lord of Vert, Veret, Pyramiere, &c., married Jeanne Herbellyne, and 
had issue : 

1. Charles, whose history is given below. 

2. Lambert Onfroy. 

3. Marie Onfroy. 

III. Charles Onfroy, Lord of Veu, Veret, Pyramiere, &c., married Christine le Poultrel, by 
whom he had : 

1. Francois, of whom presently. 

2. Pierre Onfroy, Lord of Saint-Laurent-sur-Mer, who had a daughter named Jeanne 

Onfroy who married Jean le Blois de la Chapelle, Counsellor to the King, and 
Treasurer-General of France. 

IV. Francois Onfroy, Lord of Vert, Veret, Ac, married Perrette Blondel, daughter of 
Guillaume Blondel of Emflour, Esquire, and Guillemette le Margand. Their children were : 

1. Francois, of whom an account follows. 

2. Lambert Onfroy, from whom was descended Jacqueline Onfroy, wife of Pierre le 

Court of Maillardiere. 

3. INIarie Onfroy, who married Pierre, Knight, Lord of Longueville. 

V. Francois Onfroy, Lord of Veret, married Jeanne Hebert, daughter of [Barthelemi Hebert, 
Lord of Beaumer, and Marie de Bunel. In a decree obtained by Francois Onfroy, in 1666, from 
Lord Chamillard, Commissioner of the King, it was declared that he was son of Francois, son of 
Charles, son of Jean, &.c. He had sons : 

1. Jean, of whom presently. 

2. Nicolas Onfroy, who went to rejoin his brother at Saint-Christophe, and served in the 

regiment de Maison. It is stated, in a certificate from the knight of Saint-Laurent, 
Governor of said isle, that Nicolas having been among the first to scale the fort of 
Tobago when it was stormed, recei\'ed a wound in the arm. This governor highl}- 
praised his zeal and bravery, and emplo}-ed him as an engineer. Nicolas returned 
to France with the remnant of his regiment. 

• Pub. Paris, 1818 ; Vol. XV., pp. 191-198. Onffroy, in idem. 


VI. Jean Onfroy, Lord of Vert, Veret, etc., married Anne le Tellier, daughter of Marin le 
Tellier, Major in the isle of Saint-Christophe (and of Francoise Dumont), where Jean Onfroy ac- 
quired an extensive sugar-refinery, which was confiscated by the Enghsh when they took the island. 
Marin le Tellier there lost his life in battle, and probably, Jean Onfroy also, as his widow returned 
alone to France, and obtained a certificate from M. Hozier the genealogist, dated 13 November, 
1697, in which it was stated that the arms of Jean Onfroy were entered in the Armorial General. 
He had a son : 

VII. Jacqi^es-Charles Onfroy, Lord of Vert, Veret, &c. , who married Jeanne de Minfant, 
daughter of Jean de Minfant, Esq., and of Jacqueline Carrel. They had a son: 

VIII. Pierre-Roland Onfroy, Esq., Lord of Rosiere, a wealthy resident of Saint Domingo, 
who married Claire de Pike, daughter of Samuel-Antoine-Martin de Pike, a naval engineer at 
Cape Francais, and Marie-Claire d' Auvergne de Gagny. He belonged to a prominent family in 
the county of Lancaster ; his father, Thomas Pike of Barouthe, was executed at London on account 
of his loyalty to his king. 

IX. Jacques -Roland Onfroy, Lord of Gaudinelaye, Rosiere and Varennes, Marquis of Veres, 
or Veret, &c. , &c., born at Saint Domingo, 21 Sept., 1751 ; married, 21 October, 1771, Louise 
Augustine du Frene de Virel, daughter of Augustine du Frene de Virel, Counsellor in the Parlia- 
ment of Brittany, and of Louise-Henriette de Coulombe, daughter of Hyacinthe de Coulombe, 
knight of Saint-Louis, and a sea-captain. Jacques-Roland Onfroy was settled in Brittany, and wish- 
ing to enjoy the prerogatives of the nobility of this province he obtained a decree from the 
Parliament of Brittany, 20 July, 1782. He and his descendants lost immense fortunes in France 
and Saint Domingo during the Revolution. For an account of his children see Nobiliaire Universel 
de France, Vol. XV., p. 197. His son 

X. Anne-Marthe-Roland Onfroy, Knight, was born in Brittany, 15 Dec, 1778, Knight of 
the Royal and Militar}- Order of Saint-Louis, Chief of Battalion of the Royal Corps of Artillery, and 
in the regiment of Douai. He married, 31 Jan., 1807, Jeanne Paulin de Gournay, daughter of 
Michel de Gournay, a venerable officer. Knight of Saint-Louis, and a wealthy resident of Saint 
Domingo. They had five sons and a daughter born on the island of Jamaica. For their names, 
&c. , see p. 198, Idem. 

Arms : argent, a chevron gules wilh three trefoils vert. The shield stamped ivith a marquis' 
crown. Supports: two lions. 

The name of "Peter d' Ajifreville," banneret, is found in "A Roll of all the Norman 
Nobles, Knights and Esquires who went to the Conquest of Jerusalem with Robert Duke of Nor- 
mandy," {first crusade, 1096) copied from an ancient manuscript, written on vellum, found in the 
library of the Cathedral of Bayeux, and entitled " Les anciennes hisloires d'outremer.'' Coat of Arms: 
U argent, a I'aigle de sable, becquee et membree de gueules. (i. e. an eagle sable, beaked aiid legged gules. ) 

During the third crusade, in 11 77, the town of Belinas, known in Scripture as Ca;sarea Philippi, 
was captured by Noradin, from Humfrey de Toron.* 

In the same crusade was Walter Fitz Humfrey, whose arms are given as, "quarterly, ar. 
and sable." Humphrey de Velli was at the siege of Acre in 1191. When an assault was 
made upon the town, the English and Germans attached ladders to the walls, whereon the Pagans 
made a sortie, and put them to flight, taking the ladders belonging to the Germans. "They, more- 
over, tied cords to the scaling ladders of the English, and tried to drag them over the walls : whereon 
Ralf Telli, Humphrey de Velli, Robert de la Lande and Roger Glanville mounted the ladder and 
put out the Greek fire which had been thrown on it. "f 

* Chronicles 0/ the Crusailcs. Crusade of Saint Louis, by Lord John de Joinville, p. 498. 

t Dansey's Crusaders. "Till after 1190, the use of heraldic devices was most capricious and rarely hereditary." 


Several of the crusader-knights of the Hi'mfrky name, which we have just mentioned, were 
of that branch of the family which had remained in France.* 

The English branch were not unrepresented in the same 
stirring and martial times. One, " Le Sire d'Umfraville, " said 
to be a descendant of Robert de Umfreville, (of the line of 
barons of Prudhoe and Earls of Angus, ante 20), accompanied 
Richard Cceur de Lion, who arrived in Palestine in the Spring of 
1 191, in time to vigorously press the siege of Acre. "The arms 
of Umfraville are given in the Harleian MS.f: gu. ; 5 Jleurs-de- 
lis : cnisulf, or. The representatives of this family are Sir Carn- 
aby Hagerston, Bart., the family of Lambert (who derive from 
Joane Umfraville), and that of Lodington. "J [See Chart L] 
Of this valorous crusader there is a handsome monu- 
mental effig)' remaining, in Hexham Abbey Church, which was built by Wilfrid in the latter part of 
the seventh century. It is thus described by Hewitt, in Hand-book to Hexham and its Antiquities ; "In 
the south aisle of the choir are two table monuments ; from one the effig}' has been removed, and on 
the other is the recumbent figure of a knight of the holy banner — supposed to be a member of the 
baronial family of Umfraville. When Dr. Johnson, of Pontefract, visited Hexham about two hundred 
years ago, he found this monument in the same aisle, so that probably this was its original position. 
According to Hutchinson's account, the particular spot where it stood was a little above the inlaid slab of 
Sir Robert Ogle. It is now (1879) laid without any base of masonry in the aisle of the north transept. 
The head of the effigy rests on two cushions, the one placed like a lozenge on a square, without 
supporters. The lower part of the crossed legs is broken off, and there is no trace of an animal 
or other object against which they may have rested ; in fact the requisite space does not seem to 
be afforded. There is nothing peculiar about the costume, which exhibits a suit of link mail, 
partially covered with a sleeveless surcoat strapped round the waist. The sword is suspended from 
an undecorated belt, and the shield, which has a narrow guige, is charged in relief w'ith a cinque- 
foil, surrounded b}' a number of crosses much battered, but it is to be remarked, that which 
remains uninjured is not a cross crosslet, as is subsequently borne in the arms of Umfraville, but 
a cross patee. In Ralph Brooke's "Catalogue and Succession," etc., he blazons the arms of Gilbert 
Umfraville, Earl of Angus, Lord of Prudhoe, Otterburne, Harbotle, and Redesdale, whom this 
effig}' probably commemorates ' Gueulles a une qiiinkfoile, ct le champe eroisc le patee d'or'\ and in a 
Roll of Arms, of the time of Edward the Third, ' Le Conte de Angesse porte dc goules <nv un quintefoU 
d'or et cfoissletz d'or.' The effigy rests on a slab, the chamfer of which is decorated on the south. 

* Other members of the French family of Humphreys, ^and in 
ntioned in O'Gilvy's Nohiliaire de Normaniiie, viz : 

Nicolas Anfray, Sieur du Cardonnet, in the bailiwick of Rout 
N. Anfrav, of Orbec, the title of nobility ha\ing been conferred in 1682, 1 
N. Anfkav, of Bayeux, having been ennobled 1682, was taxed for this, 20 
In a catalogue of Norman noblemen (1666 and later) in De Magny's Nobili 

had the title of nobility 

ted with the Honfroi Crusaders 

■ de Noriuandie '. 

William An 
three triangles or : 

IE, Lord of Chaulieu, a native of the Election of Vii 
a. chief gitles, charged luitlt three unicorns^ heads 

Onfroy. — Election of Bayeux, held in 1666 ; 
Onfroy,— Generalite-District of Caen, held i 
Onfroy, — Esquire, (in the Earldom of Eu) : 

Argent, a chevron gules, acco 
n 1666 : Or, a bande azure. 
Argent, a lion or : a rising 

and member of Parliament of Rouei 
two crosslets of. the same, 
iccojrpanied with three trejlcs vert. 

O.nfrav, ]^h^,— Argent /esse 
of nobility conferred), 
t Number 6137. 
X Dansey's English Crusadei 

rjnounted with three stars 0/ the . 

un of the s. 

fin chronological list of letters pate 


or right side, with two semi-globular objects at the upper, and two at the lower end, but so much 
worn down as not to be positively identified with the 'ball flower ornaments.' At the east end of 
it is the crouching figure of a dog ; the rest of the design, if any, being lost through a corner of 
the slab having been broken off. On the chamfer, at the head of the stone, are three objects, but 
onh' one, apparently a dog with something before its mouth, is tolerably well-defined. In a pai'- 
ticular light, another seems like a squirrel with a sprig of foliage. On that of the left hand side 
of the figure are three animals, probably dogs or wolves — (for their present situation, close to the 
wall of the aisle, forbids an accurate examination by the eye). This chamfered slab rests on another 
boldly embatded, but at the head, foot, and right side only, as if the figure had originally been 
placed against some object on the north side. It is, I think, extremel}' probable that these ani- 
mals introduced on the chamfer may have some allusion to a very peculiar tenure, by which the 
Umfrevilles held lands, in grand serjeanty, of the Crown. Madox, in his ' ' Baronia Anglica, " p. 244, 
sa\s that the castle of Harbode and the manor of Otterburn were held of the king, in capite, by 
Robert Umfreville, in 1428, by the service of keeping the valley of Redesdale free from wolves and 

"This effig}' appears originally to have been covered with a herse, or certainly with some 
kind of canopy ; for there still may be seen on the surface of the chamfered bed of the figure four 
pieces of iron soldered into it, a portion of the stone around being also cut away to form a firmer 
footing for the shaft which rested upon it. * * * 

"Gilbert de Umfreville, Earl of Angus, whom this effig)' may be supposed to represent, died 
in the year 1307, and before the 8th of November, when his son Robert was designated by that 
title." It seems probable, on examining the account of " Le Sire D'Umfraville "ff given by Mr. 
Dansey, that Mr. Hewitt was mistaken, and that the monument is of an earlier date than he 

Mr. Wallis, in his " Antiquities of Northumberland," mentions, as in Hexham Church, a "sep- 
ulchral memorial of a Knight Templer, with his effigies, and the usual symbols of his order, cut in 
stone. By the shield, it appears to have been one of the baronial-family of the Umfrayivih, 
eminent benefactors to the priory [of Hexham] ; their arms, gules, a cinquefoil between eight 
cross mollins, 3. 2. 3." (See Arms, page 29.) 

"On the same side of the quire, a litde lower down, is a monument to the memory of Sir 
Robert Ogle, of Ogle Castle. "IJ 

{^East Face. ) 










"One of the most ancient and interesting in- 
scriptions in the neighborhood of Hexham is that 
on the bridge over Devil's Water at Linold's IMill. 
Over the crown of the arch, which is a segment 
of a large circle — the springers being only some 
four feet above the penning — and on the eastern 
battlement, is inserted a well-sculptured stone, stand- 
ing some 2\ feet above the wall, shafted at the 
margins, supporting a semi-circular head, and hav- 
ing a sunk - panel on the east and west faces. 
This stone is, of course, a monolith, and has originally been highly ornate, though now it is very 
much defaced by the vicissitudes of the weather, and there can be litde doubt that the exposed or 
west side has suffered also from wilful damage. The lettering has been well cut in high relief,, of 

{West Face.) 


\V. E. 








tt "It may be observed that the name Umfraville 
to be one of those names whose orthography has becom 
lollowed the author from whom I derived my informatio 

XX Vol. II., p. 97. 

spelt indifferently with a or e in the second syllable. The fact is, it appears 
;ncertain. Some spell it Umfranville, and others Humphraville. I have usually 
Hewitt, p. 48. 


what is technically termed block letter, as best suited to a raised inscription on account of its width 
of outline, although the artist appears to have rather miscalculated his distances in the head line 
(which forms an arc) on each face. 

' ' As will be observed the word builded is varied in the spelling on the two sides, and also 
the heading is a little varied, probably for want of space. The name WM FOIRA is supposed to 
represent Humphrey [Umfoira]; Errington is intelligible enough, and this good Humphrey was prob- 
ably of the Sandhoe or rather Beaufront family, who, we believe, once owned the land here, and 
who were always liberal and generous public benefactors. The date has entirel)' gone from the west 
face, and the figure ' 3 ' has but recently disappeared from the east one. "* 


Henry de Hvmfreyville is mentioned in the grant of Lantmenthin. Of this lamily were the 
lords of the Castle of Penmark, near Lanqavern, Glamorganshire, 1090. The}', or their ancestor, 
came at the Conquest. 

Henry Uaifreville, of Penmark, probably living about 1300, is supposed to have been a 
descendant. The baronv of Torrington belonged to an ancient family who took their name from 
this the place of their residence. After five descents, the barony was divided between the co-heiresses 
of Matthew, Baron de Torrington, married to Merton, Waleis, Trac}', Sull}' and Umfraville. * * 
* Sull}-'s was inherited by Gu}- de Brian and Umfraville's by St. John. The whole eventuall}' came 
to the crown, and was possessed, under royal grants, > by the Hollands. Dukes of Exeter, and b\' 
Margaret, Countess of Richmond, who is said to have resided at Torrington. f 


William de St. Joh.n held the Castle of Faumont,=Is.\BEL, dau. and co-heir of William Combmartin, 
in Co. Glamorgan, temp, ^idward I. (1272-1307). I 

Henrv de St. John, died s. p. Sir John St. John^^Beatrix. 

I ' 

Sir John St. John, seated at Faumont Castle,r=^ELiZABETH, dau. and co-heir of Sir Henry Umfrev 
temp. Edward III. (1327-77). I of Penmark, in Wales. 

Sir John St. John, (only son and heir).=^IsABEL, dau. and co-heir of Sir John Paveley, of Paulerspury, 
I in Co. Northampton, Knt. 


Sir John St. J oh n^=t Elizabeth, dau. and heir of Sir John de la Bere, Knt. 

I ' 

SiK John St. John, only son. Mayor of Bordeau.\ from i4i4-i42i.=^Elizabeth, dau. of Powlett. 

John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, ^Margaret, dau. and heir of John^SiR Oliver St John, Lord of 
2d husband. I Beauchamp, of Bletso, in Co. I Tunnen, in Co. Glamorgan. 

Northampton, Knt. She m. 3d, 
I Lionel, Lord Willis. 


King Henry VHL 

'•* Hewitt's Hand-book to Hexhain and its Antiquities, pub. 1879 ; pp. 106-7. Hexham is in Northumbrrlniid. 

t Umfraville, of Penmark Castle, is found in Archo'ologia Camhensis, pub. by the Cambrian Archaeological Association, 3d Series, 
1855 to 1866, Vol. VIL, p. 21 : also in Hist, of Devonshire, Magna Britannia. Vol. VHL. p. 528. 

{ For a large chart of the St. John family see Pedigrees of t lie Families in the County 0/ Hants, by Berry, pub. 1833; p. 231. See 
also Edmondson's Peerage 0/ England, Vol. IV., p. 372. 



In the fourteenth century a family bearing this name resided in Devonshire. 

' ' Gilbert Umfravill of Doun Umfravill, kt. ; Willam Umfravill, of Combp}ne, his sonne, 
kt. ; Wii.i.AM Umfravill, of Combpine, kt. Sonne of Willam," are mentioned among those who 
held lands in the time of King Edward III. (1327-1377.)* 

Umfraville. — "The manor of Haccomb-fee was held, at the time of the Domesday Survey 
under William Chievre, as of the manor or honour of Bradnesse. It afterwards belonged to the 
Haccombes, from whom it passed successively to the families of CoHford, Upton and Umfraville. " f 

Umfraville of Lapford, Devonshire, is in the list of ancient families extinct, or removed, be- 
fore 1620. J 

DouxE Umfravill. — Among "Noblemen and knightes y' have no dwellings, but have great 
lands in this countye of Devon" are included "John lo. Peter & Willam lo Petre his sonne after 
hym, the manners of Uphaye, Haccombfee, Shute, Combp\ne, Doune Umfravill," &c. ** Sir 
Thomas Pine, of Shute, left two daughters and heirs who carried their portions to their husbands, 
one a Bonville of the parish of South Leigh, the other a Humphreyville of Down Humphreyville in 

From another source we have the statement that "Down Umphraville, in Axmouth parish, 
with the farms of Pinney and Whitelands, belonged to the Lords Petre. ff These estates were sold 
by the present Loril Petre to J. JM. Howe, Esq. Down Umphraville now (1822) belongs to the 
Rev. J. Howe."JJ 

"Le Sire D'Omfrei was' in the Holy Land, temp. Rich- 
ard I. The Baronet of the name of Homfray claims descent 
hence."*** As Homfray was derived from the French words- 
honime and vrai, the h being silent in homme it would not be 
sounded in speaking the name and might therefore come to be^ 
omitted in the writing thereof fff 

Mr. Burke, in his account of ' ' Homfray of Penllyne 
Castle," states that "the Homfrays were distinguished amongst 
the soldiers of the Cross." The relationship of the branch of 
the family just mentioned, of ' ' Homfray of The Place, " and of 
"Sir John Homfray," 1390, to the crusader, Le Sire D'Omfrei, 
is made quite apparent by comparing their arms, 'found in this 

work, with his, which are here given. JJ| 

* Polwhele's Hist, of Droonshh-c, p. 264, noti 
t Hist, of Devonshire, in Magna Britannia, 
X VoL VII., p. clxxii.. Idem; tt Vol. VIII., i 
ft In description of Arms of Peers of Engls 
Edmondson's Heraldry. 

*** Dansey's English Crusaders. 
ttt See account of the Onfroy family. 
XXX See pages i and 4. 

Vol. VIII.. pp. 24, 25. 

July, 1603 ; Gu. a bend t 

attop-shells , 




ERMYN 1390. 

Sir John Homfray seems to have imbibed the spirit of his kinsman, the Crusader, for he is 
described as a "gallant warrior." We regret that we have no history of his valiant deeds, but we know 
that, although living as early as 1390, he was sufficiently distinguished to have his portrait preserved 
in the British Museum. For a copy of the same we are indebted to the " Perlustration of Great 
Yarmouth,"* and, probably, also to the Rev. John Homfray of that place, who took great interest in 
antiquarian, heraldic and genealogical pursuits. 

In ancient times a knight, or person of note, wore over his armor a surcoat ha\'ing his arms 
blazoned thereon. In some cases these appeared instead on the trappings of his horse, as in 
this instance. For Arms of Sir John Homfray see Plate above. 

a Free Borough. The port of Var 
shed the King with 43 ships and 

ed its greatest rela 
being a much lai 

n the reign of Ed. 
could be obtained 

* In 1209, Yarmouth becar 
ward III., (i327-i377\ when it ft 
from any other port in the kingdom. 

In 1382, King Richard II. " hearinge," says Manship the elder, "goode reporte o( the towne of Create Yermorthe, came in his own 
proper person unto the said towne, and did vewe the same, and likinge verye well thereof, did graunte such previleges as before that 
tyme had been by himself revoked uppon the slanderous report of the men of Leistofte." Peyhisfyathm 0/ Great Yaftuouth, pp. 25-6. 



1541. John Htiifrev, of St. Giles without Cripplegate, London, "for speaking 
against the sacraments and ceromonies of the church," — in the reign of Henr)- YIIL, 
about 1 54 1.* 

1579. James Hcmphrey, Catholic, aged 30, ^vas imprisoned at Cornwall. f 

1558. Philip Humfrey. — "Although our history hasteth apace (the Lord be 
praised) to the happy death of Queen Mar}-, yet she dyed not so soon, but some there 
were burned before, and more should have been burned soone after them, if God's pro- 
vision had not prevented her with death. In the number of them which sufferetl in the 
same month when Queen Mar}- d}ed were three that were burned at Bur}-, whose names 
were these : 

Philip Humfrey, 

John David, 

Henry David, his brother. 
' ' Concerning the burning of these three, here is to be noted that Sir Clement 
Higham, about a fortnight before the Queen dyed did sue out a writ for the burning of 
these three aforesaid godly and blessed martyrs, notwithstanding that the Queen was then 
known to be past remedy of her sickness. "| Our Virginia Humphreys, on the authority of 
William F. Humphreys of Kerr's Creek, Va. , claim to have been descended from or related to 
this mart}-r of whom tradition sa}s ' ' they were as proud as though he was a king. '' 

1591. Laurence Humphreys, a layman, was executed at Winchester, for ' causes 
connected solely with religion."** 

* Fox's Book 0/ Martyrs, -Vol. II., p. 590: t Vol. III., p. 995. (Edited by Rev. John Ciimming, ]M. A.; pub. London, 
1851.) Bury— probably St. Edmund's Bury. Reece's Christian Martyrology, Vol. HI., p. 2(^4. 

t Dodd's Church Hist, of England, Vol. III., p. 159. "Fox's List ol Catholics Imprisoned in Various Places, Anno 
1579." [Strype, Annals ii., Appendix, 132.] 

*» Dodd, Vol. III., p. i68. 


1500-28. In History and Antiquitia of Laves, we find a Jhhn Humphrey who was prob- 
ably born not long after 1500, as his daughters husband was born in 152S (unless she was much 
the younger) : 

Chart of "Jefferay of Chiddingly, " * &c. — Richard Jefferay, of South Mailing, died 13th Dec, 
1600, aged 72. He married Margery, widow of Richard Kej-me, and daughter of John Humphrey. 

In Berry's Pedigrees of Families in Co. Sussex, p. 156, we find that Jone [Joan], daughter 
of — HuMFRYES, and widow of Richard Rayne or Keyme, married Richard Jefferay, who was son 
of Richard Jefferay who died in 1554, and grandson (if John Jefferav, of Chittingly Manor, who 
died May 28th, 15 13. 

(Although there are some discrepancies between these two preceding statements, it seems from 
the dates, and some of the names, that there must have been an allusion to the same marriage ; 
but whether this John Humphrey is the same as the one mentioned by Rev. F. Spurrell in his ac- 
count of Cornelius Humphrey we cannot determine. He might belong to a preceding generation.) 


An interesting article is found in the Sussex Are/ueo/ogiea/ Co/Zee/ions f relating to Cornelius 
Humphrey, the inventory of his Estate, and the family to which he belonged. This document was 
prepared by the Rev. F. Spurrell, and read, January, 1853, at the Quarterly meeting of the Sussex 
Archseological Society, held at Lewes, a town about seven miles from Newhaven,J which will be men- 
tioned hereafter, and fifty from London. We have copied portions of this article which seemed to 
be of interest, but not the inventor)-, as it is too extended, occupying several pages of the work : 

''This inventory, apparently made for the purposes of taxation, is here printed, not because 
of its rarity, but because it gives a very good idea of the household property of a substantial yeo- 
man land-owner or small country gentleman 156 }ears ago. * * * 'Pq j^g^ye had such a 
large sum of money in his purse and so many "desperate debts," together with so valuable an 
amount of property in "stock and good debts," proves that Mr. Cornelius Humphrey was at least 
of some standing, and certainly importance, at Newhaven. The house in which he lived, and where 
these goods were, was the best house at Newhaven, and is still standing, having been built some 
one hundred years before the time, 1697. The family of Humphrey can be shown, from various 
parish registers, to have lived in Sussex the last three hundred }ears. Mention of the name more 
or less connected with Lewes (the Humphrey town-house being 3et there, like as the country house 
is at Newhaven) repeatedly occurs in the marriage and burial registers of Worth, Bodiam, Brighton, 
as well as Newhaven ; and it is known that also at Hartfield and Lingfield, as well as at Laughton 
and Cuckfield, the family held landed property. 

'■There have not been sufiicient data collected to connect all the names of the Humphreys 
in these different parishes, so that, even if properly part of this paper, to draw up a pedigree is 
at present impossible. But after stating that the earliest mention of the name is John Humphrey 
of Linfield, who married Anne, daughter of Richard Gratwick of Cowfold, and whose marriage 
settlement is dated 6 Edward VL (1553), it may be justly interesdng to trace the descent of our 
Cornelius Humphrey, whose [Newhaven] house and estate, together with this inventory, have come 
down to their present owner, grandson and third of the name of Counsellor Humphrey's heir, 
Mr. William Elphick. 

* ///st. ami Antig. of L,iivs, Vol. II. p. 66. 

t Vol. VI., p. 190. Pub. London, 1853, by the Sus^^ex Archaeological Society. 

X Newhaven is situated near the mouth of the river Ouse, at about half a mile from the sea. It is the nearest sea-port to the 
capital of England, and the nearest English port to the capital of France. Hist, and Antiq. 0/ Lewes ami its Vicinity, by Rev. T. W. 
Horsfield, F. S. A : 2 Vols., pub. 1824, Lewes. 


"It is not known in what year Cornelius Humphrey was born, but it seems probable that 
he died at the close of the year 1696-7. * * 

' ' The inventory is a roll, six feet six inches long by five inches wide, of sheets of paper 
sewn together, bearing no maker's name but a water-mark of fleur-de-l3-s. * * It was formerly 
amongst the papers of another member of the family, who received some Laughton property of the 
Counsellor Humphrey ; but it may be well to remark that, besides this inventor}-, it is believed no 
other papers of public interest of the Humphrey family are now in existence. 

This is the heading or beginning of the document : "A True and Perfect Inventory of y^ Goods 
and Chattels of Cornelius Humphrey late of Newhaven als [alias] Meeching in the County of Sussex," &c. 

In the list of "Uncertaine debts" is "A part of the Isabella Fflyboate, John Humphrey 
master." In the list of "Desparate Debts" is "One Bond of Thomas Humphrey 293-00-00," also 
"A Judgment upon John Humphrey, 70-00-00." 

[As Cornelius is the only son given in the chart as surviving his father, and was probably 
aged about ten in 1697, we think John and Thomas may have been brothers, or other relatives, 
of the elder Cornelius.] 


nty for more 

of Newhavi 
!stors had ] 
a hundred 

8 May. 1685, 

June, 1699, Thomas Beard. 





AS, bap. 


, bap. 






.0 1 

ily, i6go ; 

5 May, 


bap. 11 



24 Ja 

1. 1687. 


.2 July. 

bur. I Ju 


1687; b 
24 Dec 


Kenrv, Barrister-a 
Left his Newhav 
grandson, Williar 

ah Johnson, of 

^Eliz. Gale, dau. and co-hi 
Leonard, bap. 24 July, i 
mar. at Worth: bur. i8Ju 



1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 


of Fa 



^.Elizabeth Fogden, 


of Boxgrove : m. 

y, aft. of 

a< the Bishop's 

ove, Co. 

Chapel, Chiches- 

ter, Jan. 29, 1746-7. 



Sarah, | T 

Martha, j John Fr 

3X " 


of Singleton, 

Jan., 1776. 

Wm. Hump 
of Chic 

died in 

m.' Peter Os 
Bedhampton, Co. Hants. 


ny. /•dlctiet. 


=^Sarah Apps, 


ot Chichester, 


b. 1744; m. at 


the sub-dean- 

ery, Chiches- 

ter, 30 July, 

1767 ; died in 



nd, of 

. Wm. Freeland,: 

5. Chas. Freeland. 


of Bed- 


John Osmond 
William Benn 
Henry Francis Fr 

:. [AMES BeN-= 

"nett Free- 
land oi Chi- 
Chester, gent, 
b. and bap. at 
Sussex, Nov. 
bom in Chi- 


Dec. 1813. 



Frances Ann, b 
26 July, 1817. 

Harriet, b. 
igjan. 1820. '^ 

■ Pedigrees 0/ Families in Co. Susse.v, by Wm. Berry, p. 52. 



(073. -^^ 'he stunning uf the Castle at Le Mans, a city in the province of Maine just 
south of Normandy, in 1073, •• Humfrey, the King's Seneschal," was killed; "of the other Nor- 
mans, some shared his fate, others were put in bonds or driven out of the land.'* 

About the same dale, possibly a little earlier, " Onfroy, Squire of a foreigner," married a 
daughter of Simon Thorn, proprietor of the two manors of Elreton and Todewick.f 

1100. I" t^s ^'St of "priors of St. Mary Overy in Southwark," (perhaps i3lh century) 
is the name " Humphry. "| 

1180-95. JosLiN Onfrey, or Onfroy, was of Normandy.** 

1272 {circa) Roger, Walter and Thomas Humfrey, of England. "j"!" 

1300. Peter Humfrey was Mayor of Leicester. 

Stephen Humphrey was Mayor of Chichester. [See chart for Humphreys of Chichester, p. 36] 

1320. Richard Umfrey was dean of Humble- Yard Deanery, Archdeaconry of Norfolk. |J 

1365. William Homfr?;y was the Vicar of Lowestoft, Co. Suffolk; patron, the Bishop of 
Norwich, pleiio jure palronus. — History of County Suffolk, by Rev. Alfred Suckling, LL. B. , published 
in London, 1848.*** The name of Rev. J. Humfrey, Wroxham Hall, Norfolk, is found in the 
list of subscribers to this work. [See Humfrey of Wroxham House, p. 11]. 

1383. Adam Humfry, of Salle, had a portion of Rainthorp-Hall or Malherbe's Manor, in 
Newton, Co. Norfolk, and died in 1385, leaving Margaret his daughter and heiress, who was a 
ward of Bartholomew Appleyard's, who paid 10 marks to the manor of Forncet for her marriage; 
and the said Bartholomew, the same year, purchased the right of Thomas de Bumpstede in the 
advowson, and had it settled in trust on Thomas Spynk, Will. Eaton, and others, and obtained the 
marriage also of the daughter and heiress of Thomas de Buinpstede ; and in 1389, the Countess of 
Norfolk granted, to Jeflfry Massingham, the marriage of Maud, daughter and heiress of Thomas 
son and heir of Adam Humfry, and Maud his wife, of Ref ham. " fff 

1413. Lender the ist of Henry V., before William Chanewe, bailiff, and the jurats, a con- 
veyance was attested by Simon Humphrey of New Romne}', parish of the Cinque Portes, to Richard 
White, daughter and heir^ of Simon Makeyt. John Humphrey was chamberlain of the corporation 
at that date.JJJ 

1425. John Umfray. In 1425, clocks were extremely rare, and the keeping them in order 
was a work of much cost and trouble. In the Cathedral expenses for Exeter that 3'ear there is this 
entry: — "Paid John Woolston and John Umfray, riding with two horses to Barnstable, there to seek 
Roger Clockmaker, for mending the clock, (viz.), going, remaining there, and returning with Roger 
aforesaid, and his horse for three days, vs. iijd., for the hire of two horses for three da3's, ijs. ''**** 

After the middle of the sixteenth century the name Humphrey occurs quite frequently, 
showing that there were residents with this surname in many counties in England, and in some in 
Ireland and \\'ales. ^ 

* Freeman's Hist, nf the Norman Cojiquest, Vol. IV., p. 371. 

t Thierry's Norman Conqiu-st, (Hazlitt's Translation), VoL I., p. 229. 

X Dodd's Church Hist. 0/ England, Vol. I., p. 469, Appendix. "Humphrey" was prior eighteen years, and the one preceding him 
died in 1223, ace. to Monasticon Anglifanu, Vol. VI., p. i6g. 

*■* Magn. Rotuh Scaccarii Normanniae in the Mcmoirrs di- la Socictc dcs Antiquaires dc la Normainiic. t. 15-17. Copied, with refer- 
ence, from "The Norman People, and their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States 0/ America;" pub. 
1874, Ixjndon, p. 288. 

tt Kotuli Hundredoruni, Record Publication : from same work. 

XX Blomefield's Hist, of Co. Norfolk, Vol. V., p. i. 

*** Hist, of Devonshire in Magna Britannia, Vol. II,, p. 108 

ttt Blomefield's Norfolk, Vol. V., p. 66. 

XXX Report of tite Hist. Manuscript Commission, iSrz. 

'**' Perlustration of Great Yarmouth, Vol. II., p. 215, foot-note. ._ — — 


1558. Christopher Humphrey, of Wycomb, Co. Bucks, ist of Elizabeth.* In the list 
of names of those families whose pedigrees are recorded in the Visitations of Bucks, made in the 
years 1575 and 1634, Humphrey is included. f 

Gilbert Humphry and Margaret his wife were of Co. Montgomery, Welsh Pool. She was 
daughter of John Morrice. [See Humphrej'S of Llwyn, p. 6]. 

Christopher Humphrey was of the Co. of Norfolk, ist of Elizabeth. 

Christopher Humphrey, of Co. Sussex, in the time of Elizabeth. 

1558-1600. Richard Humfrey, of Barton Segrave, Co. Northampton. J 

Richard Humfrey, of Carwen, Co. Wilts. 

Thomas Humphrey was of the counties of Bucks and Hertford, (1558 to 1600.) Humphrey's 
Manor, Co. Hertford, the same date. Richard Whytell defendant. 

William Humphrey, of St. Bartolf's, London. Houses and edifices devised by Richard Cook, 
in time of Elizabeth. 

\\'iLLiAM Humphrey and Elizabeth his wife were of ' ' St. Martins in the fields, " London. 

1563. John Humphrey sold messuages and lands in Brinkley parish and Willingham, Co. 
Cambridge, also in Pentlow, Co. Essex, 5th of Elizabeth. 

John Humphrey, Jr., and Elizabeth his wife, of Co. Essex, three messuages and lands in Col- 
chester, late estate of John Baker, grandfather of Elizabeth, plaintiff. — Possibly the same family as 
the one previ(_)usly mentioned. 

1565-1578. William Humphrey and Christopher Shutz were granted a privilege of 
searching fur mines of metals and minerals throughout England. A corporation of ad\'enturers was 
formed, in the loth of Elizabeth, by the name of "Governor and Deputies and Assistants of So- 
ciety of Mineral and Battery Works." Christopher Shutz conjointly with William Humphrey was 
also granted a patent for introducing battery works. In 1565, he was appointed assay master of 
the Mint. The Governors of the mineral and battery works granted him a lease for procuring 
gold and silver from lead and stone. November 22, 1566, William Humphrey wrote to Sir Wil- 
liam Cecil, requesting to be informed of his pleasure respecting the bill concerning battery and 
mineral works. In 1567 and 1568, "William Humfrey" wrote to him in relation to Scottish 
monies. ** 

Anne Fonnde and Elizabeth Ledger, daughters and co-heirs of William Humphrey. — Sir Nic- 
holas Bacon was defendant of suit for right of mining. 

1578. — Memoranda by Lord Burghley [concerning Martin Frobisher's third voyage to the 
North-west]. * * "Palmer to be allowed as an officer. Wm. Umfrey to be used." Perhaps 
the same as Wm. Humphrey previously mentioned. 

February, 1581. — "The offer of Michael Lok for the North-west ore at Dartford." He is to 
"have license for three years to search for minerals by Wm. Humphreys' patent, with liberty to 
work them at his own charges, he giving five per cent, of the clear gains," Acff 

1569. Nicholas Humphrey was of Co. Norfolk, in the nth of Elizabeth. 

1570. William Humphry and Joane his wife, of Combes, Co. Suffolk, sued for a tene- 
ment called Earls, 12th of Elizabeth. 

1576-1600. Michael Humphrey was of Co. Somerset in 1576 and x6oo. 
Michael Humphrey, of Co. Somerset, gave testimony, January 2, 1606, concerning the 
arrest of Henry Carey, the younger, in the house of Walter Elsley. There was also an exami- 

* Calendar of Pleadings. 
Harleian MSS., No. 1533, British Museum, Hist 0/ County of Buckingham, p. XXIV. By George Lipscomb, Esq., M. D. 

X Nichol's Hi.':!, and Antiq. of Co. Leicester, iii., 1050, for Humphrey of Barton Segrave and Swebston. 

** .Archarologia, Vol. XXII., p. 12 (foot-note), for extracts copied from Lansdowne Ms. in the British Museum. In a "Catalogue of 
Manuscripts in the Library of the Society of Antiquaries " is "A Treatise on Myntage, .addressed to Sir Thomas Parry, Kt. Master of 
the Wardes and Truasourer of the Queens Maties Housholde, by William Humfrey." Index Volume, p. 42, Archaologia. 

n Calendar of State Papers, 1513-1660. 


nation of William Dumford, of Hamworth, Co. Dorset, servant of Henry Carev, Sen., concerning the 
meeting of priests and having masses at his master's house.* 

Grant to Michael Humphrey and his securities protection of one year from arrest for certain 
debts due the Earl of Suffolk, for which he is bound. Jul}- ist, Westminster Court. 

1577. Robert Humphrey, for estate of John Humphrey, plaintiff. Father deceased 19th 
of Elizabeth. Lands in the parish of Bourn, Co. Lincoln. , 

Gilbert de Humphrey was of Co. Somerset. 

1581. Thomas Humphrey, of Ipynge, Co. Sussex, held certain lands, amounting to two 
lumdred acres, in Pulborough, West !Merden and Cumpton, claimed by descent, as heir with Peter 
Betsworth, 23d of Elizabeth. 

1582. Thomas Humfrey, of counties Bucks and Hereford. ^Hemelhempstead, 24th of 

1591. William Humphrey and others were owners oi Aylsham ISLinor, Co. Norfolk, in 
33d of P^lizabeth. Humphrey Halbie, otherwise Halbye Symonds, was defendant of suit for Aylsham 
Manor, with Catharine Humphrey. — She may have been a daughter of William. 

1606. James Humphrey, of Co. Somerset, went abroad, and on his return was accused of 
being a Catholic, and of bringing letters of Catholics to England. Strict and severe measures were 
adopted as may be inferred from the records. 

1609. Edw. Humfrey, of AUington Parva, in Co. Northampton. His daughter and co- 
heir, Eleanor, was the wife of Richard Pix, alias Ricks, of Crayford, a justice, son of Wm. Fix, 
of Hawkhurst, in Co. Kent, whose will was dated i6o9.f 

1609. "July 31, Westminster. — Grant to Rich. Humfrey of pardon, for life only, for 
manslaughter of Rich. Humfrey the elder, by casual discharge of a gun. J 

He may have belonged to 'the Dartford Humphreys family, as we find at a later date : — 

J. Humphreys, b. 1644, of Dartford 1674, married Anne Post, daughter of Thomas and 
Anne (Dunnynge) of Maidstone. The children of J. Humphreys and Anne (Post) were John and 

1633. Andrew Humphrey, of London, a harmless, religious enthusiast, was discharged 
from the prison where he had been confined, in 1633. The name of his wife was Elizabeth, sister 
of George Jefferies and niece of Capt. Jefferies. 

1635. Thomas Humphrey, rector, of Sussex, was tried for non-conformity, by Court of 
High Commission. 

1635. Thomas Humphrey, blacksmith, was of Plymouth, Devonshire, with wife Elizabeth. 

1635. Richard Humphrey, clerk, of London. 

1635. John Humphreys. "Warrant to the Sheriff of London and Middlesex, and the 
keeper of Newgate, for deli\ering of Maurice Cavanagh, Richard Green, Jane Wood, Anthon}- Brom- 
leigh, Mary Fortesque, John Humphreys, Margaret Callicomb, Joan Howell, Jane Pryn, Elizabeth 
Branscomb,, Mary Burbeck, Ellinor Sutton, Elizabeth Williams and Thomas Merry to Captain 
Thomas Hill or Captain Richard Carleton, to be transported by them to Virginia, with a clause for 
executing any of said persons who returne. " — July 8th, 1635. ft 

1635. "Jo: Humfrey, ae. 20 years,'' among those who "are to be transported to the 
Barbadoes ; imbarqued in the Expedition, Peter Blackler, Mr. The men have taken the oaths of Al- 
legeance and Supremacie, And ha\-e been examined by the minister of the Towne of Gravesende 
concerning their conformitie to all orders and discipline of the Church of England, die et Ao 
period." List dated Nov. 20, 1635.— /?<?& Office, Chameiy Lane, Loiidon.XX 

* Calendar of State Papers, 1603-1610, fDomestic;. p. 277. 

t Pedigrees of Families in Co. Kent, by Wm. Berry, pub. London, 1830. Chart of Pix F.imily. p. 364. 
+ Calendar of State Papers, (Domestic) p. 533. 

** Pedigrees of Families in Co. Kent, by Berry. Cliart of Post Family, p. 20. 
, n Calendar of State Papers. tX Drake's Founders of Nezu England. 

' 1635. Lawrence Humphrey, clergyman, was of North Soia«;^cot, Co. Lincoln, in 1635. 

1652-80. John Humphrey published "Theological Treatises," London.* ^~''~~ 

1656. Thomas Humphry. July 15, Warrant to the commander of Jhe provision ship, 
bound to Jamaica, to transport Thomas Humphry and others to that island, f 

1662. Rev. John Humphry. Rev. Thomas Moore states that the Rev. Joseph Glan- 
ville "having taken orders in the Established Church, obtained a living in Essex, and, in 1662, 
was inducted to the vicarage of Frome, in Somersetshire, in the room of the Rev. John Humphry, 
who was ejected for his non-conformity. "J 

He is probably the one to whom allusion is made in a letter from Samuel Petto to Increase 
Mather, dated "Mon. 11. d. 21, 1678-9." He writes: "Mr. Humfreys is an ingenious man ; 
the same who formerly did write for large admissions to the Lord's table, and who since the late 
Conformity here did write a book for re-ordination (and is still, I suppose, of the same mind) }-et 
himself being re-ordained or submitting to Episcopal ordination, hoping thereby to continue his 
liberty of publick preaching. This his own re-ordination (in some matters referring to it) so dis- 
quieted his spirit, as it was like a heavy rugg upon him, that he could not (without sweating) lye 
under it, nor cast it off, till he had made a recantation even in print, so tender a thing is con- 
science, if God setteth home anything upon it, how small soever it may seeme to be in itselfe. 
So that he is not a Conformist. The same man hath written other small pamphlets as a midde 
way, — L Of Election ; 2. Of Justification, introducing workes into it ; 3. Between the Law & the 

(g74. "Pelham Humphrey was brought up with Blow and Mich, wife, in the Chapel 
Royal, under Captain Cook, who was appointed Master of the children at the Restoration. When 
Humphrey lost his treble voice, he was admitted, in 1666, a gentleman of his Majesty's chapel, 
and, on the death of Captain Cook, 1672, was appointed Master of the children. He did not, 
however, long fill this honorable station, as he died, very much regretted, at the early age of 
twenty-seven, in 1674. 

"His choral compositions are numerous for so short a life; as besides his seven full and 
verse anthems, printed by Dr. Boyce, there are five preserved in score by Dr. Aldrich, in Christ 
Church, Oxford ; and six in Dr. Tudway's collection, British Museum, that have never been printed. 

' ' As French music was much better known in England, during the reign of King Charles 
n. than Italian, there are in the melody of this composer, and in that of Purcell, passages which 
frequently remind us of Lulli, whom King Charles pointed out to his musicians as a model. In- 
deed, it is said that Humphrey was sent to Paris by the King, in order to study under Lulli : 
and that besides his merit in composition, he was an excellent performer on the lute. Indeed, he 
seems to have been the first of our ecclesiastical composers who had the least idea of musical 
pathos in the expression of words implying supplication or complaint. 

"His anthem for three voices, 'Have mercy upon me, O God,' has great merit on the side 
of expression, for the time in which it was composed, as well as harmony, in which there are 
several combinations that seem new and boldly hazarded for the first time, at least in church music. 

"In his verse anthems many new effects are produced by modulation and notes of taste 
and expression. 

' ' The favorite interval in the melody of this composer is the false fifth, and, if it be true, 
as related by Dr. Bo3ce, that Humphrey studied under Lulli at Paris, he probably acquired his 
partiality for this interval there, as it has long been in great favor in the serious French opera. 

"It is somewhat remarkable, that all the seven-verse anthems, which Dr. Boyce has inserted 

* Allibone's Critical Dictwnary of English Literature. 

t Calendar 0/ State Papers, 151 3.1660. 

% Hist, of Dei'onshire, Vol. II., p. 395. See niso's Puritans, Vol. II., App., note to p, 505: and Calamy's Ejected Ministers. 

*' Mass. Hist. Coll., 4th Series, Vol. VIII., p. 344, ^Mather Papersl. 

in his collection, by this plaintive composer, should be in flat keys ; most of them in C and F 
minor, which are much out of tune on the organ by the usual temperament of that instrument • 
ho\ve\'er, if well sung, these crude chords may add to the melancholy cast Lif the compositions. "* 

J. Humphries, of Spexhall, married Dorothy, daughter of Henry North, Esq., who died 
in 1674. f 

1692. Amfreville. Three brothers of this name took an illustrious part in the unfort- 
unate battle of the Hogue, in 1692. The eldest, the Marquis of Amfreville, commanded the 

vanguard. He died, Lieutenant-Genefal, at an advanced age. | ![__ 

John Umfrey. Thomas^Finch, Esq., bequeathed" the manor of Kingsdown, and part of the 
demesnes belonging to it, to his brother's daughter, Judith Finch, who carried it in marriao-e to 
John Umfrey, Esq. , of Darent, who bore for his arms, Gides, a cross bottony, argent, charged with five 
pellets, from whom it descended down to Finch Umfre}-, gent, ot Dartford, who married Elizabeth 
daughter of Mr. John Jarvis of Dartford. He died s. p., and at his death, gave this manor, with 
the part of the demesnes before-mendoned, to his widow who died in 1781.** [See coat of arms 

of Humfrey of Cavanacor, p. 12]. -^--- -^ 

1701. Humphrey Humphreys, Dean of Bangor, was made Bishop of Bangor in 1689, and 
trans, to Hereford, 1701. He died in I7i2.ff 

1704. Finch Umfrey, or Umphrey. The manor of St. Margaret's, on the death of George 
Gifford, of Fawkham, Esq., in 1704, came to his son Thomas Gilford, Esq., whose three dauo-hters 
and co-heirs, viz. : Margaret, married to Thomas Pettey, Esq. , Mary to John Selb}-, Esq. , and Jane, 
married first to Finch Umfrey, gent., and afterwards to Francis Leigh, Esq., of Hawle}-, possessed 
this manor in undivided thirds till 1 718, when they agreed to a partition of this estate.** 

1711. Magdalen Humfreys, of Co. Merioneth, was the wife of William Lombard of 
Sevenoaks, Esq., ob. 171 1. He was son of Thomas Lombard, Esq., who married, in 1638, Isa- 
bella Garrard, daughter of Sir John Garrard, bart., of Hertfordshire. J| [See Humfl'revs of Llwyn, p. 61. 
1 714-1 721. David Humphreys, D.D., Secretary to the Society for the Propagation of 
the Gospel, published two theological works, London, 1714 and 1721, and an Historical Account of 
the Incorporated Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, ff 
1719. Asher Humphreys published Ordination, 8 vo., London. 
1728. Samuel Humphreys pub. Cannons, a Poem, London. 

1730, (Circa), John Humphries died. ' He was a young English musician of promising abil- 
ities, and a good performer on the violin ; published, before he was twenty }ears of age, six solos 
for that instrument.* 

1744. William Humphreys. In Cuddington Church, "On a stone within the rails," is 
found this inscription; "In memory of William Humphreys, Gent, who died Dec. 5th, 1744; 
aged 59."*** 

1760-1820. "Lebbeus Humfrey, of Kibworth, Esq.," was the eleventh Sheriff of Lei- 
cestershire chi.sen in the reign of George III. (1760-1820). "Mr. Humphries," of Kibworth. and 
another gentleman were the principal land-owners in Kibworth-Beauchamp, about nine miles from 
Leicester. The lordship contains upwards of 1300 acres. — Possibly a descendant of Peter Humfrev, 
who was Mayor of Leicester in I300.fff 

• Rees' Cydopirdia, VoL XVIII., pub. London, 1819. 
t Hist. 0/ Co. Suffolk, by Rev. Alfred Suckling, LL.B., Vol. 11., p. 123. 
+ Grand Diet. Uniz'ersel, by Larousse. 
** Hasted's Hist, of Co. Kent. Vol. VI.. p. 114. 
tt Allibone's Critical Dictionary 0/ English Literature. 

XX Pedigrees of Families in Co. Kent, by Berry ; Chart of Lombard Family, p. 349. 
*** Hist, and .-Intig. of Co. Buckingham, by Gfo. Lipscomb, M.D. Vol. II., p. 132. 
, ttt Throsby's Hist, of Leicestershire. Vol. III., p, 50. 

1763. "Ino: Homfray signs a statement dated 20 June, relating to the war, 1756-63, 
between the Enghsh and French nations.* 

1791. James Hi'mphreys, Esq., of Frome, is in the Hst of subscribers to "History and 
Antiquities of Co. Somerset," by Rev. John ColHnson, F.A.S., pub. 1 791.— Perhaps he is a des- 
cendant of Rev. John Humphry (1662). 

I805. John Humphrey. In the church in Weston Underwood, "on a plain stone affixed 
to the west side of the north porch" is found: "In Memory of John, the son of John & Kezia 
Humphrey who departed this life Nov. 19th, 1805, aged 27 years. "f 

I805. ^'I''- Charles Humfrey, of Norwich, was Lord of Brockdish, Springwell's or Find- 
ern's Manor, in Windham, Co. Norfolk. J 

1812. Richard Humphreys, Jr. In the vestry of Ashendon Church is found this inscrip- 
tion : "In memory of Anne, wife of Richard Humphreys, jun. who died Jan. loth, 18 12, aged 
38 years."** 

1813. James Humphreys, Esq., of Lincoln's Inn, owned the manor of Apsley, in Elles- 
borough parish, Co. Buckingham, ft 

1813. Thomas Humfrey owned the manor of Nottingham's See, in Blewbury, Co. 
Berkshire. J J 

1831. Richard Humphries was one of the proprietors of St. Wesburgh's parish, Derby. 

1831. Richard Humphreys was one of the proprietors of St. Peter's parish, adjoining St. 

1856. Henry Humphrey died in Great Yarmouth, 1856, aged 99.ttt 

1871. The Rev. G. Humphrey (curate of Ellingham, near Attleborough) in 1871, became the 
incumbent of the church of St. John, Great Yarmouth; in 1875, was rector of Belaugh, Co. Norfolk. 

(375_ In list of subscribers to the Perlustratimi of Great Varmoulh are: H. R. Homfra}-, 
Stradishall; was deceased in 1875. See hist, p. 4; (died 1870). William Humphrey was of Great 
Yarmouth, 1875. 

ADDENDA. , - -^ " "^ 

1588. Andrew Umphrey. When the Duke of Medina, Admiral of the formidable Span- 
ish Armada in 1588, suffered shipwreck near Fair Isle, which is between the Orkneys and the 
Shetlands, but belongs to the latter, he with two hundred men reached the shore alive. For a time 
jJiev^wefe able to obtain provisions from the residents of the island, but at length through fear of 
famine these were withheld, occasioning great suffering and the death of many. "A small boat 
was sent to Zedand, desiring a ship to carry them out, lest all the inhabitants of the isle should be 
famished. Notice came to Andrew Umphrey of Burry [on west coast of Main land] then Proprie- 
tarie ot the isle, who having a ship of his own, instantl}- went to the isle, and brought them to 
Zetland, where for the space of twenty days or a month they met with better entertainment. * * 
From Zetland Andrew Umphrey carried them in his little ship to Dunkirk, for which the Duke re- 
warded him with 3000 Merks."JJJ — Monteith's Description 0/ the Islands of Orkney and Zetland, 
pub. 1633. 

1737. Samuel Humphreys. "On January nth, 1738 [1737], died at Canonbury, aged 

* Glover's Hist, and Caz. of Co. Derby. 

t Hist, of Co. Buckingham, Vol. IV., p. 407. ** Vol. L, p. 39, Idem. 

} Blomefield's Hist. Co. Norfolk, Vol. I., p. 66. 

tt Magna Britannia, pub. 1813; p. 555; it p. 244, Idem. 

*** Glover's Hist, and Gaz. of Co. Derby. 

ttt Perlustration of Great Yarmouth. Vol. III., p. 73. 

%%% An old Scotch silver coin worth about three dollars and twenty-two cents.— AWm and Queries. Fourth Series, IV., p. 429. 


about fortv, Mr. Samuel Humphreys. 'He was,' savs the Daily Post, 'a gentleman well skilled in 
the learned languages, and the polite among the modern. Though he was ver}' conversant in and 
fond of histor}-, and every part of the the Bdks Lcltra, yet his genius led him chiefly to poetry, 
in which (had Fortune been as indulgent to him as Nature) he would have left such compositions 
as must have delighted late posterity. The admired Mr. Handel had a due esteem for the har- 
mony of his numbers ; and the great Maecenas, the Duke of Chandos, showed the regard he had 
for his muse, by so generously rewarding him for celebrating his Grace's seat at Canons. Some 
disappointment Mr. Humphrey met with forced him to appear as a translator, on which occasion 
the graceful ease and other beauties of his versions gained him no little applause ; but his too intense 
application (for he sometimes wrote the whole night) and his never taking any e.xercise, greatly im- 
paired his health ; and at last brought him into a consumption which proved fatal to him. His 
corpse was buried, in a private but decent manner, in Islington Churchyard. He wrote Ulysses, 
an opera; translated Spectacle de la Nature; also wrote Canons, a poem, and several other pieces'."* 
(This is the same Samuel mentioned on page 41, year 1728: and corrects the title uf the poem 
there given as ' ' Cannons. ") 


1. Hercules Humphreys, aged 102 years. Portrait engraved by Wise. 

2. L.\wRENCE Humphrey, Dean of Winchester, d. 1589, a;t. 63. Ins. " Laurentine Hum- 
ridus Doctus. '' Engraver, or printseller, Simon Pass. 

3. OziAS Humphry, R. A. Painter. Four portraits, two profile ; one by Falconer, one by 
Dance; two by Romney. Engraver or printseller of one, V. Green, 1772; of the others, Pariset, 
Watson and Daniell. 

4. Richard Humphreys, Pugilist. Two portraits, one painted or designed by Hoppner, the 
other by Whitby. Engraver, or printseller, J. Young, 1788. 

5. Sir Salusbury Price Humphreys, K. B. , captain R. N. Portrait engraved by Page. 

6. Sellender Humphrey, wife of William Humphrey, Engraver. Painter, or designer, Hoppner. 

7. William Humphrey, Engraver. Artist, Hodges, 1795. 

8. William Humphreys, educated at Homerton, dissenting minister at Haverhill, Co. Suffolk, 
and Hammersmith, died 1808, and was buried in Bunhill fields. 

* Notes and Queries, Second Series, VI., p. 71, Copied from Nichols' Histm-y 0/ Cnmmlntf-y, p. 32. — Canonbury is two miles north 
by west of London, in Co. Middlesex. It is a manor in the parish of Islington, and came into the family of the l\tarquis of Northampton, 
by the marriage of his ancestor, Lord Complon, with the heiress of the affluent knight, Sir John Spencer, usually called the rich Spen- 
cer, Lord Mayor of London in 1595.— Gorton's To/iograpliical Diet. 0/ Great Britain and Ireland. 

t Bromley's Catalogue of Engraved British Portraits in Britisli Museum ; also that of Evans & Son, pub. London. 



Heraldry, in its present state, has just claim to be ranked among the sciences; and, to be 
fully understood, must be carefully studied, so technical are the terms used and so various the 
discriminations made. With our limited space we can only consider its origin and early history, 
and give a few explanations which will assist our readers in understanding the descriptions of 
Humphrey arms. 

As to its origin there have been various conjectures. "Diodorus Siculus is cited as an au- 
thority, asserting that armorial distinctions were first adopted by the Egyptians, Anubis and Macedo, 
sons of Osiris, under the emblems of a wolf and dog." Others find in the descriptions of the 
delineations on the shields of heroes, made by Homer, .(Eschylus and Virgil, a reason for tracing 
the earliest use of such devices to the Greeks. But it must be borne in mind that these embel- 
lishments were made according to the fancy of the artist, illustrating some exploit of the chief, past 
or predicted ; and that his arms, if they should be so called, were not hereditary. Philpot derived 
the introduction of heraldry from ancient m}tholog}', and regarded the hieroglyphics and emblems 
of Greece and Rome found on the reverses of their medals as the originals or models of modern 
armories. Dallaway thinks that "much must be attributed to those ensigns which were first adopted 
by the stipendiary bands of German soldiers," and that after the invasion of England by the Saxons 
in the tenth century, the use of arms increased. 

These devices seem to have been first emplo}'ed for military regulation, to distinguish one man 
or band of men from another, and to have been painted or embroidered on rich stuffs in the forms 
of BANNERS, as the earliest mode after the personal use of arms. The art of blazoning is unques- 
tionabl}' the property of the French, and received a fresh impetus towards the end of the tenth 
centur}', from the tournaments held with such magnificence under the auspices of Hugh Capet. 

Arms were engraved on seals for the purpose of ratifying deeds and charters. Selden states 
that "there were Golden Seals of the French Kings and Wax ones of the subjects, between the 
years 600 and 700, fashioned with Escutcheons and Coats of Arms."* The use of seals is said to 
ha\'e been introduced into Flngland from Normandy, by Edward the Confessor who was there edu- 
cated. The intercourse between England and the Norman provinces was such for many centuries 
that their custoitis, arts and manners are said to have been the same. The first and second great 
seals used by Richard I. were of dates 1189, 11 95. At this time he is represented as bearing a 
small SHIELD, fastened to a belt, on which arms are painted; and Mr. Dallaway regards this as the 
first instance in which arms were so borne in England. 

Crests were first worn to discriminate the bearer, when the shield was not used, in jousts and 
tournaments. They were "originally made of light wood carved, or boiled leather pressed in a 
mould into the form of some animal, real or fictitious, set upon a wreath, coronet, or chapeau, 
placed above the helmet." Some of these were quite large, representing a lion, swan, dragon, &c. 
The crest was sometimes called a cognizance, but they were distinct devices, the former being worn 
only by heroes of great valor, and by those of high military ratik, while the latter were badges which 
subordinate officers and followers might bear, not being entitled to a crest. 

Mottoes are not considered of very great importance, as they may be changed or relinquished 
at the pleasure of the bearer. They are doubtless, however, in some instances connected with the 
family history. 

There are verv interesting records showing the jjrogrcss made in the science of Heraldry from 
century to centurw 

* Tides of Honour. 


In 959, the Saxon king "Edgar, surnamed the Peaceable, added to the Cross Florette four 
martlets; in 1042. five were used by Edward the Confessor, which remain the general armorial bear- 
ing of the Saxon Nation."* 

The following arms are found on the 
tomb of Robert, son of Richard I., Duke of 
Normandy, died 996; im lion-koparde en champ 
de giicula (a lion-leopard on a field gules. ) f 
On the shield borne by William the Conquer- 
or were two lions passant gardant ; and on 
that borne by Humphrey de Bohun were six 
young lions rampant. | 

Among the illustrations from "Rouse's 
Illuminated Roll " given by Dallaway is the 
' ' portrait of Guy Beauchamp, Earl of War- 
wick, which has the enamelled boddice ; he 
is standing upon the body of Piers Gaveston, 
Earl of Cornwall 1330, who is marked by 
his escutcheon. Upon the drapeau quarree ** 
are the ensigns of Balliol. " The boddice, 
or surcoat, m the fourteenth century, was 
worn over the armour, the arms of the wearer 
being blazoned thereon. It is stated that 
after the battle of Cressy, in 1346, Edward 
III., King of England, ordered Lord Reginald Cobham, Lord Stafford, and three heralds, to ex- 
amine the arms of those slain, and two secretaries to write down all their names. They spent the 
entire day on the field of battle, and at night reported that they had found eighty banners, the 
bodies of eleven princes, twelve hundred knights, and about thirty thousand common men.|f The 
expression "coat-armour" is derived from this custom of blazoning arms on the surcoat. In the 
fifteenth century the tabard, a larger garment, was worn in the same manner. JJ 

In the sixteenth centur) the hatchment*** and dignities of the knighthood of deceased persons 
were borne in procession by heralds. At the funeral of Sir Philip Sydney, in 1587, there were five, 
one of whom was named Humfrey Hales, "Blue Mantle pursuivant of arms. " f |f 

A period most interesting in the history of Heraldry and worthy of special notice commences 
with the First Crusade, when every private soldier wore a cross of red stuflf sewed to his sur- 
coat, from which circumstance the name " Croisades " originated. The effect upon this art of the as- 
sembling of so many different nations, producing a necessity and increasing the opportunity for 
the multiplying of devices, can hardly be estimated. From this time the cross in its various forms ( 
became the favorite emblem of those Christians who engaged in the Holy War. The cross-fitchee 
(sharpened or pointed at the lower end) ||J was undoubtedly the first deviation from the 
ordinary shape, and was made for convenience of temporary erection and removal. 


* For illustrations of arms of Edgar the Peacable 
I De Magny's Science des Armoirics, p. XLVI. 
X Azure, a bend ardent coiti/wd or, between six lionci 
gress 0/ the Science o/ Heraldry in England, pub. 1793. 

nd Edward the Confessor, see Berry's Heraldic Pla 

wpant 0/ the last. DalKiway s Inqu 

■ into the Oriei} 

norable shape of the 

** The drapeau quarree was the most 
consisted in the cutting off the points of the pennon. 

tt Froissart's Chronicles, Vol. I., pp. 168-9. 

XX Edward I. (1272-1307) introduced the custom of blazoning arms c 

*** The hatchment is the arms of a family depicted in black and 
of the residence oi the deceased, and over his family pew in the church 

ttt Dallaway's Inquiries into the Origin and Progress of the Sci^ 

this work for 

XXX The 

of Ihe main cr 


and informatic 

In the creation ol knights bannerets part of the 

1 the horse's caparison, according to Dallaway. 
white upon a shield of square shape. It is placed 
Inhere he is buried, during the period of mourning. 
xce 0/ Heraldry in England, pub. 1793. We are 


slet-fitchee : tht 

i-fitchee being the 

vithout the 

at the thr 


Those chiefs who returned from the crusades to their own country were naturally desirous 
of calling forth the highest admiration of their martial exploits, and in this they were encouraged 
by Richard I. who had also been to the Holy Land. For this purpose they procured every ex- 
ternal embellishment. "The bannerols* of this era were usually of the richest manufacture of 
silk stuffs, on which the device was embroidered ; and the shields of metal enameled in colors, and 
diversified with flourishes of gold and silver. " At this time arms were personal, their hereditary 
use not being established until the reign of Henry HI. (1216-72). Prior to this date, therefore, 
they cannot be considered as showing descent or alliance. Richard II. (1377-99) laid the foun- 
dation of a College of Arms, by empowering the Earl-Marshal to constitute a Court of Chivalry. 
At first, all the sons of an Esquire were allowed to appropriate their father's device. To avoid the 
confusion of persons which resulted from this indulgence, specific marks were incorporated with the 
patrimonial bearings. Besides making a variation from the simple ordinary by adding different 
charges, collateral branches often relinquished their patronymic and assumed the name of an ac- 
quired seigniory ; yet in some instances the affinity is still to be discovered by the armorial bearing, 
after it has ceased to be known by identity of surname, f The heralds of the seventeenth century 
decided upon the following arrangement : — The sons of an armiger, or esquire, were to use the 
paternal arms, but to place "in chief these charges: 

1st son, a label; 

4th son, a marltct ; 

2d son, a crescent ; 

3d son, a mullet ; 

5th son, an annulet ; f C\ \ 6th son, a fleur-de-lys ; ^oll^ 

7th son, ,7 rose; •^-^^]] Sth son, a cross-moline ;Y^ ~\ 9th son, a double qualrcfoil. /^ 

1. Adoption, 

coat. If a person, liy 
Sovereign for a special 
name and arms. 

2. Alliance. 

father, thereby sliow ing 


Those of another family, borne either singular or quartered with those of the paternal 
ill, adopt a stranger to possess his name and estates, the person so adopted applies to the 
,varrant to empower him to carry out the will of the adopter, and thereby assumes his 

Those arms taken by the issue of an heiress or co-heiress, quartered with those of their 
their descent by the mothei-'s side from a family of which the male heir is e.\tinct. 

3. Assumption. Such as might, by the consent of the Sovereign, be legally assumed by one who had 
made captive any gentleman of higher degree than himself. A coat thus olrtained \N'as considered more honorable 
than hereditary bearings. 

4. Canting, Allusive, or ParlanteS. Contain charges hinting at the name, character, office or 
history of the original bearer, and are very numerous in English armoury ; such as for Armiger, three helmets ; for 
Butler, three covered cups ; for Camel, a camel ; and for Pine, a pine-tree. 

5. Community. Those of bishoprics, cities, universities, etc. 

6. Concession. Augmentations, granted by the Sovereign, of parts of his ensigns or regalia, to such 
persons as he pleases to honor therewith. 

7. Dominion. 

seals, etc. 

Belong to sovereigns, princes and commonwealths, and are borne on coins, standards, 

* A small bar 
t Dallaway. 


8. Paternal and Hereditary. Such as descend from father to son, from generation to generation. 

9, Patronage. Two kinds. First, they consist of parts of the arms of lords of whom the persons bear- 
ing them held them in fee; either added to the paternal arms of the person assuming such additions, or borne as feudal 
arms, to show the dependence of the parties bearing them on their particular lord. Secondly, they are such as 
governors of provinces, lords of manors, etc., add to their family arms. 

10. Pretension. Borne by sovereigns, who, although they have not possession of certain dominions, 
claim a right to them. Thus the kings of England quartered the arms of France from 1330, when Edward III. 
laid claim to that kingdom, till the year 1801, although long before this England had laid aside all pretensions 
to France. 

11. Succession. Taken by those who inherit certain fiefs or manors, etc., by will, entail, or donation, 
the arms of which they quarter with their own.* 

In comparing the arms of the different Humphrey families we find evident relationships existing 
they might not be suspected. The cross, showing that the bearer, or 
the crusades, occurs in several forms, one of the most frequent 
which is on the arms of I,e_Sire D'Omfrei, Jionifray of Penllvne 
Place, Humfrey of Cavanacor, Lt. Gov. John Humfrey, Hum- 
croBs-iiotiony. Glouccster and Northamptonshire, Humfrey of Truro, Cornwall, 
Norfhamptonshire, -and of Leicestershire, Humfrey of Dorsetshire, 
Kent, thus seeming to unite these families though so widely scat- 
was borne by the Umfrevilles of Farnham Royal, Co. Bucks, des- 
freville, K. G. , and also by two families of Humphreys;^ sr~Y/\ 
P«t...irc, by the Humffreys of Lhvyn ; ** and the cross-patee I 
Le Sire D'Umfraville, as found on the shield in Hexham Ab- ^A* 
The arms of Um- ij~h fraville given in Dansey's English O'z/- cm.^, „ee 
the cross-crosslets [p"^ ^"^ doubtless belonged to this famil3', 

where, without their aid 
his ancestor, was in one of 
being the cross-bottony. 
Castle, Homfray of The 
frey of Rottenden, Essex, 
Humfrey of Barton Segrave, 
and Umphrey of Kingsdown, 
tered.f The cross-patonce 
cendants of Sir Robert Um- 
the cross-flory 

by the cru- $ — ' ' — i sader, 
beyChurch. f f 
saders, having 

have been of a later date. In this form, |l L or as the cross-crosslet-fitchee. 

y, (TJj but 
e, LjZ IIjl it wi 

11 be 

observed that it frequently appears in our croBB^asiet, arms of Umfreviles and Hum- II frevills. 
Rev. Theodore Umphray is regarded by Nisbet as of this branch. J J William Anfrie, U Lord of 
Chaulieu, Normand}-, a native of the Election of Vire, and member of Parliament cr.-ci-.-fltchcf.'^'^^'-'"^'^ 
1592, bore two crosslets. *** The A. arms of Umfraville in the Harleian MS. are: Gules, j fleiirs. 
dc-lis ; crusule, or. The fleur-dc-Us gA 1^ is one of the most ancient charges, and is by some sup- 
posed to represent a lily, by others ^m^ ^n ornamented lance-head. In this instance the number 
would seem to point to antiquity, rieur-deiis. as it is stated that Louis VII. (1 180-1223) chose the colour 
azure, and \S\^ fleurs-de-lis d'or of the royal mantle for the national shield, an(i--tbat_before hisreigii, 
they were not used on coats of arms in France. Many were_formerly employed to denote royalty, 
but in the fourteenth century the number was reduced to three on the shield "of France, fff There was 
a house (1533) near the church of St. Malo, parish of St. Malo, Bayeux, where the facade was adorned with 
fleurs-de-lis and ermine, and in the midst was a genealogical tree in relief, charged with several escutch- 
eons, among others those of France, Brittany, Dauphiny, and of the Medicis of Tuscan;-. ||J; Three 
fleurs-de-lis are on the arms of Evreux, near which city is Amfreville, the seat of the Umfreville family 

* Elvin's Sy7Wpsis 0/ Heraldry. 

t Pages 1, 4. 12, 32, hist.: also Illuminated Coat of Anns. 

+ Page 24, and list. 

tt Page 29, and list. 

M Pages S, 10, 22. 29, and list, 

*** Page 29, foot-note. 

Itt De Magny's Science d, 

%%% Bezier's Bayeu.r. 

in Normandy; Humfrey of London, 1562, bore two, azure ; and another of the same name bore three, 
sable* With regard to the cinque/oil we find the following: — " Gilbert de Umfrevile, son of the Earl of 
Angus, and grandson of Robert de Bellemont (alias Beaumont) Earl of Leicester, in the reign of 
King Henry IIL (1216-1272) bore tor his arms, gules, semee of crosses-patmice and a cinquefoil or ; 
which device evidently points out, both his descent from the Earls of Leicester, and also his hav- 
ing served under them in the Crusading Wars for the establishment of the Christian kingdom of 
Palestine. Many other instances might be given of the bearing of cinquefoils, derived from feudal 
dependence upon the ancient Earls of Leicester. " f This charge is on the arms of the Umfre- 
villes of Middlesex, Langham in Essex, Farnham Royal, Buckinghamshire, Lincolnshire, and of several 
others. In the arms of the Hunfranvils on the rectory-house in the parish of Elsdon, Redesdale, 
six cinquefoils are given. In one case the cinquefoil is described as ' ' pierced. " \ Horse-shoes are borne 
by one famil}' of Umfrevilles and one of Humfreviles, and the rose or by several.** The rose gules borne 
by the Humfre3-s of London, 1562, may have reference to the Wars of the Roses, or of York and 
Lancaster (1455-85), as the Lancastrians chose the red rose as their emblem and the Yorkists the 
white rose, and they were afterwards used as charges to denote these wars. This family may there- 
fore ha\'e been originally Umfre\111es, it being stated that they suffered much during these contests. 
[See p. 24.] 

The escallop was a badge of pilgrimage, and the bearing thereof very ancient and honorable. 
The Knights of the Honorable Order of St. Michael in France wore a collar of gold in the form of 
escallop-shells. This was borne by the Humfreys of Barton, Northamptonshire, and of Leicestershire ; 
also b}' those of Truro, Cornwall. 

The chase, in ancient times, being the favorite amusement of Nobility and Knighthood, many 
devices of animals are found. The lion is regarded as one of the earliest and most frequent, and is 
the emblem of royalty. There are two lions on the shield of William the Conqueror, and six young 
lions on that of Humphrey de Bohun (1300). It was also a charge on the shield of Sir William 
Humphreys, Bart., Lord Ma3or of London, 171 5; Humfrey of Wroxham House; Humphreys of 
Ballyhaise House ; Humfrey of Holbroke and Drinkstone, Suffolk; Umphrastoun in Scotland, and 
Onfroy, Esquire, of the Earldom of Eu, Normandy, etc. In the description of arms borne by 
Lord Onfroy and his descendants. Supports: two lions, are given. This right of supports belonged 
only to high nobility, ff 

One of the Humfrey families of Ireland bore three leopards' heads; Humfreys of London and 
Wales, three nags' heads ; Humphery of Penton Lodge, three gryphons' heads ; William Anfrie, Lord of 
Chaulieu, three unicorns' heads.W 

The eagle was adopted very early, and was borne by Peter D' Amfreville, the crusader; also 
by the Humfrestones of Hampshire and of Salop. It occurs several times as a crest.*** 

Finding a similar device on the arms of several branches of the Humphreys family does not 
render it certain that they had a common ancestor. There is a much stronger proof where two or 
more devices correspond, and the colors employed are the same. The relationship of the various 
families of Umfrevilles is thus shown in a very satisfactory manner. There is a family of 
Humfreys in Ireland evidently related to Sir John Homfray, as they bear sable tivo pales 
ermine. Homfray of Penllyne Castle bears four pales ermine, which are the arms of Sir 

* Page 17, and List of Humphrey Arms. See also Sussex Family, p. 36, for water-mark ol fleur-de-]ys. ^ 

t Newton's Display 0/ Heraldry, p. 246. Probably Gilbert dc Umfreville of an earlier date. See p. 21. 

+ Pages 20, 22, 24, 29, 30, and List ot Humphrey Arms. 

*=* See List of Humphrey Arms. 

1t Pages 7, 10, 14, 28, 29, and List of Humphrey Arms. ( 

it Pages 7, 15, 29 and List of Humphrey Arms. 

*** 28 and List ..f Humphrey Arms. 


John.* The ermine is used on the arms of several branches of this family. 
Breton nobles placed ermine on their shields, and it came to be emj)lo\ed 
in England to denote connection with Brittany. f The arms cjf the town of St. Malo 
are : De gueules a une /wise de parte de vilk d'or, soutenant une heniwie passante d' argent 
ail natiirel. (Gules with a portcullis of the city gate-way or, bearing an ermine passant 
argent au naturel. ) This city of Brittany, in the north-western part of France, was 
the home of Samuel Humphre)-, brother of IMichael Humphrey who was living in 
Windsor, Connecticut, in 1643. 


Escutcheon, from the old French escusson, was originall}' the shield with the arms painted 
thereon, in opposition to the Ecu which was a shield without device. The surface of the shield 
is called the field because it contains those marks of honour acquired in the field. The shield may 
be of any a shape, and no significance is attached to the various forms, 
the only / \ restriction now being that ladies must bear their arms in 
a lozenge. ( y The two sides of an escutcheon are respectively designated 
as dexter \ / and sinister, and the different Points by the following 
names: A, dexter chief point; B, middle chief point; C, sinister chief 

point ; D, honor or collar point ; E, fesse or heart point ; F, nombril point ; 
base point ; H, middle base point ; I, sinister base point. 

The shield, and all divisions of it, and charges placed thereon, are represented as 
made of metal or fur, or as painted in colors. These are all included in the general 
term of tinctures, and are named and depicted as follows : 


G, dexter 

Or, gold, represented b)' dots. 

Purpure, purple, represented by diagonal 
lines, (sinister to dexter side). 

Argent, silver, represented by a blank. 

Tenne, or orange, representetl by diagonal 
and perpendicular lines crossed. 

^■j Azure, blue, represented b\- horizontal lines. 

Murrey, or sanguine, represented b}- di- 
agonal lines crossed. 

Gules, red, represented by perpendicular f* * il Ermith 

consists of a white field with black 

^^§f lines. 

V^l Sable, black, represented by cross lines. 

fVert or sinople, green, represented b}- di- 
agonal lines, (dexter to sinister side). 

spots. There are, however, variations. 

Vair, is a parri-colored fur of blue and silver 
(imless other colors are specified) in which the 
pieces are cut in the form of a shield, and 
placed in rows alternating the position in eacli. 
Variations in this also. 

* Page I, .ind List of Humphrey Ar 
t De IM.lgny's Silemc Jes Armoiries 


The shield may be divided by lines in various ways, the nine simple charges being termed 


111 ill' 

The c/iiey, occupying the upper third of the shield. 

2. The yissc, occupying the centre third horizontally. 

3. The dar, occupying the centre fifth horizontally. 

4. The pak, occupying the centre third perpendicularly. 


5. The imd, occupying one third of the shield diagonally. 

6. The ln'tid siniskr, occupying one third of the shield diagonally. 


7. The cross, being the fesse and pale conjoined, usually occupy- 
ing one fifth of the field, but when charged one third. 

S. The saltire, composed of the bend and bend sinister. 

9. The chevron, which resembles the lower half of the saltire, 
with the upper lines brought to a point. 


AccoslcJ, or accostee, side by side. Garb, a sheaf of wheat. 

Annulit, a ring or rouiidle pierced, GardanI, or giiarjanl, signifies full-faced when applied to 

Barry, is formed by dividing the field into an even num- 
ber of bars, the number to be specified. GenulU, or bar-gemelle, signifies a double bar or two bars 

Baton, a bar on an escutcheon. 
Bezant, a roundle depicted gold. 
Billet, a bearing in the form of a long square. 

placed near and parallel to each other. 
Gorged, or collared, the plain collar upon animals. 
Indented, as /\/sysj\/\/\/\/\ 
Label, a riband with short pendants. 

Billetty, or billettee, represents the shield, crest, etc., all 

strewed over with billets. Langiied, a term to express the tongue of beasts and birds 

„. .. ,,. ,,,■,, , rr, when of a different tincture to the body. 

Boraure, a t>oraer extending around the shield, and onefiith ' 

of its width. It is often charged. Levant, rising. 

Brochant, passing or crossing over. Lionceau, a young lion. 

Canton, a square placed in the dexter-chief. Mascle, a lozenge in outline. 

Chapeau, a cap of maintenance. Morion, a steel cap. 

Componnee, compounded, or componed. Afullet, a five-pointed star. 

Cottise, a diminutive of the bend, being one half the width of Orle, an internal bordure, of the form of the shield, 
the bendlet; generally borne in couplets, with a bend or 

charges between them. Passant, walking. 

Couped, or coupy, a term to express the heads or limbs of ^'"''^ ^ ™""<"e depicted black. 

men, animals, or any charge when evenly cut off. j,^^^^^^ contracted ppr., applied to anything depicted in its 
Crined, said of the hair or mane when of a different color natural color. 

from the body of the man or animal. (J„arree, or earre, signifies square. 

Crusily, indicates that the field or charge is strewn over with ^„„^/^.,./,,^ t,,e field or charge divided into four equal parts, 

Kampant, in an upright position standing on the near 
Dexter, the right. , ^i„^ ,gg_ 

Displayed, the wings of a bird expanded. J^o.mdle, a circular spot, one of the ordinaries. 

Embattled, having the outline resembling a batUement, as Saltier, a cross in the form of an X, called St. Andrew's 
an ordinary. _rLn_n_n_n_ cross. 

Embrued, represented as covered with blood. Sejant, sitting. 

Endorsed, the wings of a bird drawn -up over the back. Semee strewn. 

Engrailed, indented with curved lines, as a line of division Sinister, the left. 
or an ordinary. \^>>.>,>oA^>i<>^>i^ 

Soleil, the sun. 
Erased, torn oflf. 

Trejle, the trefoil. 
Fasces, a lictor's rod. 

Fretty, any even number of pieces, crossing the escutcheon, 
bendways, and sinister and interlacing. 



1. Humfrey, [Barton North- 
amptonshire, f and Leicestershire,] gu. 
a cross baton ar. pierced of the field, 
charged with twelve escallops sa. — 
Crest, a harpy ar. face ppr. crined or, 
wings expanded of the last. 

2. Humfrey, [Chaldon Hum- 
phrey, Dorsetshire, fj the same arms. 
Crest, a leopard, passant, embrued at 
the mouth gu. 

3. Humfrey, sa. 

four pallets erm. (See 
also, Nos. 1 1 and 1 2 of 
this List.) 

No. I and 2. 

4. Humfrey, [Tru- 
ro, Cornwall, ] gu. a cross, 
bottonee ar. charged with 
four escallops sa. Crest, 
on a mount vert, a Cor- 
nish chough ai-. wings 
expanded, beaked and 
legged gu. gorged with 
a bar gemelle or. 

5. Humfrey.quu- 

terly, ar. and sa. i^ > 
p. 28, line 39.) 

-T- I 1 1 

- - "- 



No. 5. 

No. 4. 

6. Humfrey,[Rot- 

ii nden, Essex, t Glou- 
( ^ter, and Northamp- 
i nshire, ] gu. on a cross, 
1) tonee, ar. five pellets. 
(, I 'st, a cross, bottonee, 
II charged with five pel- 
li is. (See, also. No. 3 1 in 
this list and cut on p. 12.) 

* Berry's Eiicydojtedia Heraldica, Vol. II.— r.lover's Ordinary (if Arms, auKmented .iiul improved, 

t Humfrey of Rottenden, Essex Co. from London; Humfrey of Addington, Northamptonshire, from Co. Gloucester; Humfrey of 

Barton Segrave, Northamptonshire, from Co, Gloucester; Humlrey or Humphrey, of Borough Green, Cambridgeshire, from Co, Essex; 

Humfrey of Chaldon, Dorsetshire ; Humlrey of Drinkstone, from counties Gloucester and Northampton ; Humlrey of Askerne, Yorkshire ; 

are given in Sims' Index to Pedigrees and Arms contained in Heralds' Visitations In British Mnseum, pub. 1849. 


7. Humfrey, """' Humphrey, [Holhmkc ami Drlnkstone, Suflblk,*] gu. a lion, ram- 
pant, or, over his head a ducal coronet of the last, armed and langued az. — Crest, on a ducal 
coronet, an eagle, with wings endorsed, holding in his dexter paw a broken spear, all or. [Con- 
firmed to Charles Humphrey, of Rishangles, SulTolk, by Camden Clarencieux, and afterwards to 
Thomas Humphrey, his brother, of Dublin, Jan. 26, 1638.] See also arms of Humfrey of Wrox- 
ham House, page 10 — and of Humjihreys of Ball\haise House, p. 14. 

8. Humfrey, [Lon- 
don,] sa. a cliev. engr. 
or. betw. three bezants, 
is§ on a chief of the second 
a rcise gu. betw. two 
fleur-de-lis az. — Crest, a 
horse's head or, pellettee, 
betw. two wings, barry, 
wav}', of si.x, ar. and az. 
[Granted June, 1562.] 

10. Humfrey, [I re- 
land, ] or, on a bend gu. 
three leopards' heads of 
the field. 

No. 10. 

9. Humfreys, " Humphreys, Humfry, ^i Humfrey, [Lon- 
don and Wales,] sa. three nags' heads, erased, ar. — Crest, a 
Hon, sejant, or, reposing his de.xter foot upon a nag's head, 
couped, ermines. [Granted Apr. 22. 171 7. Borne by Sir 
William Humphrey, Bart., Lord INIayor of London, 171 5, and 
L. C. Humfrey, of the Temple, Esq., Barrister-at-Law, 1825.] 
(See foot-note, p. 7). 

No. 9. 

11. Humfrey, [Ireland, J sa. two pales erm. (Similar to No. 3 of this List, except as to 
number of pales. ) 

12. Humfrey, sa. four pales erm. (Similar to No. 3 of this List.) 

13. Humfrey, ap. 

David Lloyd, per bend, 
sinister, erm. and erm- 
ines, a lion, rampant, 
or. (See note \, p. 6.) 

See Note t, on preceding page. 

14. Humfrey, or 

on a chev. betw. three 
fleurs-de-lis sa as many 
bezants. (This, with 
Nos. I, 3, 4, 5 and 6 
are combined in the 

No. 13. 

No. 14. 


15. Humphreys, 

gu. a lion, rampanl, ar. 
[Borne by the Rev. Dr. 
Humphrey Humphreys, 
Bishop of Bangor, 1697.] 
See also cut on p. 14. 

16. Humphreys, 

sa. a cross patonce ar. 

No. 15. No. 16. 

17. Humphreys, S"- ^ cross patonce, erm. — Crest, a badger ppr. 

18. Humphreys, 

ar. a hon, passant, gar- 
dant, sa. 

19. Humfrestone, 

[Hampshire,] ar. an. 
eagle, displayed, with 
two heads sa. over all, 
on a chev. gu. three 
roses or. 

No. 18. 

No. 19. 

20. Humfrestone, [Humfreston, Salop,*] ar. an eagle, displayed, vert, over all, 
on a chev. gu. three roses of the field. 

21. Humfrevile, 

az. billettee, a cinquefoil, 
within a bordure ar. 
charged with horseshoes 
sa. (See, also, No. 40 
of this List.) 

23. Humfrevile, 

gu. a cross crosslet or. 

No. 21. No. 23. 

22. Humfravill 'S^- ^^ orle erm. (Similar to No. 35 of this List.) 

Sims' hide.x to Pctiigvees and 

* Humphreston, of Humphreston, Shropshire ; gi 
British Museum. 

contained in Heralds' Visitations 


24. Humfrevill, 

ar. , ten crosses, pattee, 
2;u. four, three, two and 

25. Humfrevill, 

gu. an orle erm. a label 
az. (See, also, No. 38 of 
this List.) 

No. 24. No. 25. 

26. Humfrevill gu- semee de cross crosslets, a cinquefoil or. (See cut on page 29.) 

27. Humfrevill, gu- semee de cross crosslets, a rose or. (This, as well as No. 28, 
similar to No. 26 — except as having the rose instead of the cinquefoil. — See No. 37, this List.) 

28. Humfrevill, g"- semee de cross crosslets ar. a rose or. — (See No. 37, this List.) 

29. Humfrevill, gu. an orle ar. (Similar to Nos. 22 and 35 of this List except as to 
color of shield). 

30. Umphray, ^'ert, a chev. betw. three cinquefoils, m chief, 
and a cross crosslet, fitchee, in base, ar. — Cresl, a book, expanded, ppr. 
(See foot-note ft, page 22. 

No. 30. 

31. Umphrey, [Kingsdown, Kent,] gu. a cross, bottonee, ar. charged with five pellets. 
(See, also, No. 6 of this List — and cut on page 12.) 

32. Umfrevile, [Middlesex, Earl of Angus,] gu. crusill}', a cinquefoil or. (Similar to 
arms depicted upon page 29. — See, also, No. 37 of this List.) 

33. Umfrevile [Farnham Royal, Buckinghamshire, and Northumberland, Temp. Williatn 

the Conqueror,] gu. a cinquefoil ar. within an orle of eight cross crosslets or. — Cresl. out of a mural 
crown or, an eagle's head erm. (Similar to arms on page 29. — See, also. No. 37 of this List.) 

34. Umfrevile, [Lincolnshire, and Langham. Essex,] the same arms. — Cresl, out of a 
ducal coronet, or, an eagle's head ar. 


35. Umfrevile g"- ^" O'le erm. (Similar to No. 22 of this List.) 

36. Umfrevile, gu- a cinquefoil, pierced, or. 

37. Umfrevile, 

,'u. crusilh', bottonee, a 

39. Umfreville, 

gu. a cinquefoil or, within 
an orle of cross crosslets 
of the second. (Compare 
with Nos. 26, 32, 33, 
34 and 40 of this List.) 

No. 37. No. 39. 

38. Umfreville S". an orle erm, a label az. (See, also, No. 25 of this List.) 

40. Umfreville, 

ar. a cinquefoil gu. betw. 
three cross crosslets, fit- 
chee, sa. all within a 
bordure engr. of the last, 
charged with eight horse- 
shoes of the first. (See 
foot-note ff, page 22.) 

41. Umfreville, 

gu. a fesse ar. betw. six 
cinquefoils or. 

No. 40. 

No. 41. 



^ ^ ^ '-^'^ 

42. UmphrastOUn, ["l" tlwt Ilk, .Scotland,] ar. on a fesse, 
betw. three trefoils, slipped, gu. as man}- lions' heads, erased, of the first. 

No. 42. 

43. Homfray, of ^^^ Place. See cut on page 4. 

44. HunfranvilS. For description see page 20, foot-note. 


45. Humffreys, of Lhwn. See cut on page 6. 

46. Huniphery of Penton Lodge. For description see page 15. 

47. Humphreys, ^ee description, page 7, line 16, foot-note. 

48. Onfray. For description see page 29, foot-note. 

49. Onfroy of Eu. For description see page 29, foot-note. 

50. Onfroy, of Bayeux. For description see pages 27 and 28. 
5 I. Onfroy, of Caen. For description see page 27. 

52. Doune Umfravill. For description see note ff, page 32. 

53. Umfraville. See cut, page 29 — Note, also, similarity to No. 37 of this List. 

54. Amfreville. For description see pages 17 and 28. 

55. Anfrie. For description see foot-note, page 29. 

AITDENDA. — In relation to the Marshalling of the six coats of Humphreys Arms which 
forms the Frontispiece of this Volume, and to the Book-plate of Ozias Humphry, R. A., given on 
page 59, I would state that, while in London, Eng., in Dec. 1881, I was shown, by Col. Joseph 
L. Chester, the eminent genealogist, another engraved book-plate of Ozias Humphry, Esq., in which 
the positions of Nos. 2 and 3 in the Frontispiece are transposed ; and 3 additional quarterings are 
placed at the bottom of the shield: viz., (i) Ar. betw. 3 boars passant, a chevron gu. charged with 
3 roses or.; (2) upon a quartering divided into S, alternating or. and erm., a castle or.: (3) sa. a 
chevron engr. or. betw. 3 bezants or, on a chief of the second 3 roses gu., — nearly similar to No. 
8, of this List. (H. R. S.) 



GRAND SERGEANCY, &c., (Page 20, and Foot-note f, same page.) 

In elucidation of the nature of this office of Grand Sergeanc}', we may refer to the following 
extracts from the Supplement to the Hist, and Gmealogy of the Davenport Family, which family held, 
in olden times the charge of the forests of Leek and Macclesfield. 

"The powers of this office were the highest which the Earl could bestow, as it placed, in 
several cases, at the disposal of the Sergeant and his itinerant subser\'ients, the lives of his subjects, 
without delay, and without appeal. * * * There is now in the possession of the famil)- at 
Capesthorne, a long roll (without date, but very ancient,) containing the names of master robbers 
who were taken and beheaded in the times of Vivian, his son Roger, and grandson Thomas de 
Davenport, and also of the fees paid to them in right of this Sergeancy. From this it appears that 
the fee paid for a master robber was 2s, and one salmon, and for their companions 1 2 pence each. 
There is also an account of the master robbers, and their companions slain by the Sergeants, and 
the fees thereon." The Rev. Walter Davenport (afterward, by royal license. Rev. Walter Davenport 
Bromley), says in 1850. "Though the office of Grand Sergeancy, since the time of Queen Elizabeth 
has been comparatively obsolete, }'et Waifs, Estrays and Mortuaries were claimed as late as when my 
father succeeded to the estates; and I remember the old steward." And Bromley Davenport, Esq., 
M. R, the present proprietor of the joint estates of Bromley and Davenport says, in a letter as late 
as Feb., 1877: — "The old 'robber's roll' still exists, and was an object of great interest to the 
person employed by the Historical Commission to examine my Mss. and papers, but besides losing 
the practical right of putting anybod)' we pleased to death, (for theoretically it still exists, and in 
all legal documents I am described as the hereditar)' Grand Sergeant and Chief Forester of the 
forests of Macclesfield and Leek — with the formidable powers belonging to that position) we have, b\- 
disuse, also lost the advantages, whatever they were, of claims on Waifs, Estrays, and Mortuaries. ' 

LIEUT. -GOV. JOHN HUMPHRY. Page 76, line 41. 

When the Rev. John Davenport, afterwards one of the principal founders of the Colony of 
New Haven, in Connecticut, was obliged to flee to Holland, to escape the malignancy of Arch- 
bishop Laud, whose agents were upon his track, his arrival there was thus announced to the arch- 
bishop, by one Goffe, the chaplain of an English regiment then stationed at the Hague, under 
date of Dec. 16, 1632. "We have another Bishop come, * * and to be short it is Mr. 
Davenport, who landed here above a month ago. He came over in one Humphrey his ships, by 
the conduct and contrivance of Mr. Stone, a merchant in Coleman Street [London],'' &c. , &c. 

If, either with or without Mr. Humphre)s' knowledge, his ships were made the vehicles of 
conveying out of England any of the Puritans who were then turning to Holland as a place of 
religious freedom, it is not at all surprising that he was under suspicion of the archbishop, and the 
Church party ; and this may sufficiently account, in those troublous times, for his ships being de- 
tained and hindered, as he complains before the President and Council. — (See pp. 75, 76, 77, 78.) 

It is worthy of note, also, that Mr. Davenport's principal coadjutor in the gathering, conduct, 
and settlement of the New- Haven Colony, was Gov. Theophilus Eaton. And it was "Eaton and 
his party " (see p. 88) to whom Mr. Humphre}s endeavored to sell Nahant and Lynn as a site for 
their colony; Humphreys (see p. 78), also, was one of the Patentees of the Colony of 


It is difficult to establish the date of the introduction of coats of arms in churches. Dal- 
laway says that amongst other pageantries, on the return of the most noble and wealthy crusaders, 
"was the dedication of these trophies to some propitiatory Saint, over whose shrine they were sus- 
pended ; and which introduced armorial bearings in the decoration of churches, frequently carved 
in stone, painted in fresco against the walls, or stained in glass in the windows. The avarice of 
the Ecclesiastics in thus adding to their treasures, conduced almost as much as the military genius 
of the age, to the more general introduction of arms. * * It is observable, in sculptured 
shields, that they are affixed by a bandage to hooks, or suspended upon branches of trees. * 
* In one of the oratories in the Cathedral at Gloucester is a specimen of two shields so placed 
on either side a crowned head, which supports the pedestal of a niche. The most ancient mode 
of the introduction of sculptured escutcheons into the internal decoration of churches was under the 
brackets of the cross springers of vaulted roofs, upon the spandrils of the subsellia or stone benches 
near the altar, and on the compartments of fonts surrounded by rich tracery and foliage." 

Dugdale, in his Antiquities of Warwickshire Illustrated, has many copies of coats of arms 
found in churches, — some cut in stone and others stained in glass. In the windows and roof of 
the church at Astley, in this county, are arms of several families, among which are included those 
of Vmfravile, — a pierced cinquefoil and eight cross-crosslets. [See page 29.] He also gives arms 
found in the windows of ancient Halls. The west window in the Chapel of the Umfrevilles, at Holm- 
side Hall, according to Surtees, was "of two lights under a square label, with the cinquefoil and 
two blaiik shields in the spandrils." [See page 24.] Dallaway thinks that coats of arms came tc> 
be employed as internal embellishments of Castle Halls because that, in ancient times, the shield of 
each knight was suspended behind him, during feasts and other pacific solemnities. He also gives 
the following : — 

"At what period heraldic devices were introduced into pavements cannot, I believe, be ascer- 
tained with precision ; but it is probable that when they were carved or painted upon escutcheons, 
or stained in glass, the floors received them likewise, as a new ornament. The arms of founders 
and benefactors were usually inserted, during the middle centuries, after the Conquest (though doubt- 
less there are earlier instances), when many of the greater abbeys employed kilns for preparing them: 
from which the conventual and their dependent parochial churches were supplied." There is an 
armorial pavement at Caen in Normandy, France ; also before the high altar and in the librarv of 
the Cathedral at Gloucester. These furnish fine illustrations of the modes of marshaling coat armor 
in the fifteenth century. There are represented "single escutcheons of Beauchamp, Beauchamp 
impaling Hastings, and Talbot quartering Furnival and impaling quarterly Beauchamp and New- 
burgh. Gilbert, the second Earl of Shrewsbury, was a benefactor to the Abbe}- of St. Peter in 
Gloucester." [See foot-note ***, page 22, for Talbot.] 

"It became the fashion to ornament the most splendid household furniture with the armorial 
bearings of the family to whom they belonged. Richard, Earl of Arundel, in 1392, gives, by his 
will, to his son Richard, 'a silk bed with a half tester or canopy embroidered with the arms of 
Arundel and Warren. ' " * 

* Dallaway's btquiries into the Origin anii Progrfss a/ the Science of fferiildry in England. 


CMr/„if //„&■■« J,-«//i ',!.U 

r,^^:uas///y. -<?Zy '_yy/'. 



'vtnd ^{Qu-m, 

'cAiti C/i^l 


Societ. S€nti(f. et &lsiat. 
S4cadcm. 7ieg. Slo. Bonmi. et Parm. Soc. 


This eminent artist was born at Honiton * in Devonshire, 8 Sept. 1742, and was educated 
at the grammar school in that town under the direction of Rev. Richard Lewis, jNF.A., until he 
had completed his fourteenth year. His passion for drawing had been early and ardent, and his 
parents yielding to his earnest importunit}-, sent him to London, where he frequented the drawing 
school of Mr. Wm. Shipley, and profited by studying the plaster casts from the antique statues, etc. , 
then recently imported from Italy, and made public for the benefit of students, by the liberal 
munificence of the late Duke of Richmond. He prosecuted these studies about three years, 
when the death of his father rendered it necessary for him to return to Devonshire. He was at 
that time particularly desirous of being placed with Sir Joshua Reynolds ; but circumstances did 
not permit the gratification of his wishes, and he was engaged with Mr.' Samuel Collins, a mini- 
ature painter of some eminence at Bath, with whom he resided two 3'ears, when his instructor 
removed to Dublin and Mr. Humphrey succeeded him in his professional situation in that citv. 
In the year 1763, he was encouraged and invited by Sir Joshua Reynolds to settle himself in 
London near him, which he accordingly resolved upon, and accomplished the following year. 

In 1766, he exhibited, at Spring Gardens, a portrait in miniature of John Mealing, the old 
and well-kno\\-n model of the Roval Academy, which was universally noticed and admired, and 
was purchased by his Majestv, who was graciously pleased to reward him for it by a present of 
one hundred guineas ; and as a further encouragement, he had the honor to paint a large miniature 
of the Queen, with other branches of the roval family. He continued to practice this line of art, 

* Honiton, in county Devon, is 148 miles west south-west of London. It is a borough, market-town and parish, in the hundred 
of Axminster, and is situated in a delightful vale on the south side of the river Otter. It consists mainly of a broad, handsome street 
running from east to west, crossed by another at right angles. Through the former flows a stream of excellent water, from which the 
residents are supplied by a dipping-place opposite almost every door. The roofs of the buildings, which are mostly modern, are usually 
covered with slate, an improvement which originated from several fires, 1672, 1747, 1754 and 1765. that nearly destroyed the town. The 
streets are well paved and lighted. "The church, which is dedicated to St. Michael, is situated on a bold eminence, a short distance 
from the town ; it was originally a small chapel for mendicant friars, but was enlarged, about the year 1482, chiefly at the ,;xpense of 
Courtenay, Fiishop of Exeter, who also gave the curious screen which separates the chancel from the nave ; it contains several ancient 
monuments. The chapel-of-ease, which is dedicated to All Saints, was erected by subscription, and is built of flint, with a tower and 
cupola, with six bells, a clock and chimes. There are also (1833) three meeting-houses for Protestant Dissenters, an endowed free-school 
and a hospital." The population is 3,296. "Near the town is a hill, which commands one of the most beautiful views in the kingdom." 
(Gorton's Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland.) 

6o ■ 

with almost unexampled success, until the year 1772, when a fall fnini his horse gave his head so 
violent a shock and impaired his whole nervous S3'Stem so much that he was unable to pursue his 
profession of miniature painting with the same efficac}' that he had hitherto done. By the advice 
of his friends, he was induced to endeavor to extend the scale of his practice, and with this in- 
tention he resolved to pass a few years in Italy, not only for the reason just stated, but with the 
hope of general improvement in his profession. He left England in 1773, accompanied by his 
friend Romney, and proceeded to Rome where, and in the neighborhood, he resided four )ears. In 
this situation, though surrounded by advantages, he had still many difficulties to contend with, for 
his time had been so entirely engrossed by miniature painting that he had little or no practice in oil, 
and had the whole process to discover. 

In 1777, Mr. Humphrey returned to his native country, where he established himself, paint- 
ing generally in oil, until the commencement of the year 1785, when he embarked for India. It 
was suggested to him, on his arrival at Calcutta, that the field was most open to him in miniature, 
and that it would be advisable for him to confine himself to that branch of his profession. He 
visited the courts of Moorshedabad, Benares, and Lucknow, where he painted several large miniatures 
of princes, nabobs, rajahs, and many other persons of high distinction. He was chosen one of 
the first members of the Asiatic Societ}-, and was held in much esteem by Mv. Hastings and Sir 
William Jones. 

His ill state of health, however, obliged him to return to England in 1788, where he resumed 
his original line of miniature painting, and the following spring exhibited several pictures which were 
greatly admired, and confirmed his former reputation. He was employed by the Duke of Dorset in 
reducing to a miniature size the portraits in his collection at Knowle. 

In the }ear 1790, Mr. Humphrey was elected a member of the Ro3'al Academy. His sight 
was now so much affected that he was obliged to relinquish miniature painting, and he had made 
some experiments in crayons, to which his studies in Italy were eminently conducive, and in which 
he succeeded to the utmost of his wishes. To this line of painting he now devoted all his attention, 
and was for some time considered at the head of that province of the art. Having completed 
the portraits of the Prince and Princess of Orange, in the year 1797, his sight completely failed 
him, and these were his last productions. The remainder of his life was passed at Knightsbridge, 
till within a few months of his death, which took place on the 9th of March, 18 10, when he had 
nearly completed his 68th year. 

As an artist, Mr. Humphrey possessed considerable genius, which he improved by the most 
exemplary assiduity and an attentive study of the best models. His design is tasteful and correct 
and his coloring, especially in miniatures and crayon paintings, is universally rich and harmonious.* 

Boswell, in his Lr/e of Samuel Johnson, \ says of Ozias Humphrey: — 

"The eminent painter, representative of the ancient family of Homfrey (now Humphry) in 
the West of England ; who, as appears from their arms which they have invariably used, have been 
(as I have seen authenticated by the best authority) one of those among the knights and esquires 
of honour who are represented by Hollingshed as having issued from the Tower of London on 
coursers apparelled for the justes, accompanied by ladies of honour, leading every one a knight with 
a chain of gold, passing through the streets of London into Smithfield, on Sunday, at three o'clock 
in the afternoon, being the first Sunday after Michaelmas, in the fourteenth year of King Richard 
II. (i39i).!j; This family once enjoyed large possessions; but, like others, have lost them in the 

* Copied from Bryan's Biographical and Biblical Dictionary, pub. London, 1849; and Rose'^ Biographical Dictionary, pub. London, 1850. 

t Vol. IV., p. 134 

+ The following is from Grafton's Chronicle, Vol. I., p. 457:— "And in the xij. ycre of the kings reigne, he kept a Marciall lustes, 
in Smithfield m London, in the month of Nouember, where all such persons as came in on the kings partie, their Amour and apparell 
was garnished with wyhte hartes, and crownes of Golde about then- neckes. And of that sorte were xxiiij. knightes with xxiiij. Ladyes 
also apparaled, as aboue-sayde, and their horses were led with xxiiij. Cheynes of Golde, and so conueyed from the Towre thorough the 
Citie of London vnto Smithfield." In a note is added: "The Badge of King Richard the Second were white hartes with chaynes of 
Oijlde about their neckes." 

It will be noticed that the date of this pageant, 1391, is nearly the same as that recorded on the picture of Sir John Humphrey, 
1390, see p. 33, and, quite probably, this painting of Sir John, had some connection with the occasion. (H.) 


progress of ages. Their blood, however, remains to them well ascertained ; and they may hope 
in the revolution of events, to recover that rank in society for which, in modern times, fortune 
seems to be an indispensable requisite. " 

In the same work is a copy, from the original, of a letter, dated 19 Sept. 1764, written by 
the artist to his brother Rev. William Humphrey, Rector of Kensing* and Seal, in Kent, and Vicar 
of Birling. 

"The day after I wTote my last letter to you I was introduced to Mr. Johnson by a friend: 
we passed through three very dirty rooms to a little one that looked like an old counting-house, 
where this great man was sat at his breakfast. The furniture of this room was a very large deal 
writing-desk, an old walnut-tree table, and five ragged chairs of four different sets. I was very 
much struck with Mr. Johnson's appearance, and could hardly help thinking him a madman for 
some time, as he sat waving over his breakfast like a lunatic. 

"He is a very large man, and was dressed in a dirty brown coat and waistcoat, with 
breeches that were brown also (though they had been crimson), and an old black wig : his shirt 
collar and sleeves were unbuttoned ; his stockings were down about his feet, which had on them, 
by way of slippers, an old pair of shoes. He had not been up long when we called on him, 
which was near one o'clock : he seldom goes to bed till near two in the morning ; and Mr. Rey- 
nolds tells me he generally drinks tea about an hour after he has supped. We had been some 
time with him before he began to talk, but at length he began, and, faith, to some purpose ! every 
thing he says is as correct as a second edition : 'tis almost impossible to argue with him, he is so sen- 
tentious and so knowing. 

"I asked him if he had seen Mr. Reynolds' pictures lately. 'No Sir.' 'He has painted 
many fine ones.' 'I know he has,' he said, 'as I hear he has been fully employed.' I told him 
I imagined Mr. Reynolds was not much pleased to be overlooked by the court, as he must be con- 
scious of his superior merit. ' Not at all displeased, ' he said, ' Mr. Reynolds has too much good 
sense to be affected by it : w'hen he was }'Ounger he believed it would have been agreeable ; but now 
he does not want their favour. It has ever been more profitable to be popular among the people 
than favoured by the King : it is no reflection on Mr. Reynolds not to be employed by them ; but 
it will be a reflection forever on the court not to have emplo}'ed him. The King, perhaps, knows 
nothing but that he employs the best painter ; and as for the queen, I don't imagine she has any 
other idea of a picture, but that it is a thing composed of many colours.' 

"When Mr. Johnson understood that I had lived some time in Bath, he asked me many 
questions that led, indeed, to a general description of it. He seemed very well pleased ; but re- 
marked, that men and women bathing together, as they do at Bath, is an instance of barbarity, that 
he believed could not be paralleled in any part of the world. He entertained us about an hour and 
a half in this manner ; then we took our leave. I must not omit to add, that I am informed he 
denies himself many conveniences, though he cannot well afford any, that he may have more in his 
power to give in charities." 

In 1784, Mr. Johnson wrote to Mr. Humphry, requesting that a young painter, his godson, 
might be allowed to attend him from time to time in his painting-room, to see his operations and 
receive his instructions, f 

The late Colonel Joseph L. Chester, of London, gives the following : — 

"William Humphry (the brother of Ozias) matriculated at Oxford University, from Magdalen 
Hall, 9 April, 1767, aged 23, as son of George Humphry, of Honiton, Devonshire, paying the fees 
of a Gentleman's son. He took his degree of B. A. 12 Feb. 1771, and that of M. A. 21 June, 

* William Humphrey. 1770, was vicar of Church of Kensing. H.isted's Coiitity 0/ Kent, Vol. III., p. 50. Perh.ips this should be 
1772.— See his history. William Humphrey, 1782, was vicar of Birling. Dispensation passed, in 1782, for him to hold Kensing with Seal 
annexed, together with this vicarage. Ibid., Vol. IV., p. 488. 

t Letters found in Boswell's Life of Samuel Johnson, Vol. VIII.. pp. 264-66. The original of Ozias Humphry's letter was in the 
possession of Mr. Upcott, possibly a relative of the famiJy.^-See inscriptions, &c. 


1773- ^'1 'he latter year he must have obtained the livings which he held until his death. I 
have ntit the record of his burial, which probably took place at Kensing, but on a white marble 
. tablet on the wall of the south aisle of the church at Seal, is the following inscription : — 














"His wife's name was Elizabeth. They had two sons buried at Seal, viz.: George- Vpcol, 
19 May, 1803, aged i8, who was then a student at Jesus College, Cambridge, and WilUam-Osias, 
2 June, 1826, aged 46." 

Mrs. Sophia D. Ware, 4 Brook Place, 116 Lee Road, Lee Green, Kent, (formerly of Malvern 
House, Honiton, Devonshire), daughter of John Humphry, Esq., who was born in Honiton, 1801, 
and residing there in 1875, has furnished a copy of the inscription on a tomb-stone in the ancient 
church-yard at Honiton : 

AND ELIZABETH his wife : 


HE DIED, FEB. 19TH, 1759. AGED 45 YEARS. 







HE DIED, MARCH 9TH, 1810. AGED 68 YS. 






The grandfather of ]Mrs. Ware, and eight of her brothers and sisters, lie buried near the 
tombstone of George and Elizabeth Humphry.* It is possible, if not probable, that the two families 
have a common Humphry ancestor. 

* In the History of Devonshire, Beauties 0/ England and Wales, Vol. IV., note to page 301, we find the following: "Ozias Hum- 
phry, Esq., F. S. A. Royal Academician, and member of several foreign Societies, was born at Honiton, where this branch of his family 
has resided ever since the reign of Edward the Sixth, 1547. John Humpliry, one of his ancestors, was an officer of the army assembled 
in Dorsetshire, under the first Lord Russel, in order to suppress the insurrection occasioned by the pulling down of images in the 
Western counties." 

In confirmation of the above statement with regard to the residence of the family, we learn that "Thomas Humphrey, of Honiton, 
laceman, willed, in 1658, 20]. towards the purchase of certain tenements," for the benefit of impoverished lacemakers, "which benefaction 
is recorded on a painted board, above the gallery, in the old parish church." 

" Elizabeth Humphrey died in 1790, whose family had been in the lace manufacture one hundred and fifty years." Her name is 
placed in a list of lacemakers said to be of Flemish origin. 

"Lace-making is said to have been introduced into Devonshire by sundry Flemings who took refuge in England during the perse- 
cutions of the Duke of Alva (1567-73). Whether the art was first made known to the inhabitants of the county at that period it is im- 
possible now to say." — History 0/ Lace, by Mrs. Bury Palliser ; pub. London, 1875. 



Lawrence Humphreys was bom at Newport Pagnell, in Buckinghamshire, about 1527, and 
educated at Cambridge ; after which he became first a demy, then a fellow, of Magdalen College, 
Oxford. He took the degree of M.A. in 1552, and about that time was made Greek reader of his 
college, and entered into orders. In the 3ear 1555, he obtained permission to travel for improve- 
ment for a year, on condition that he should avoid heretical company and places. This licence 
furnished him with means of withdrawing from the reach of Queen Mary's persecution, and of pur- 
suing his religious enquiries in company with men whose opinions were congenial with his own. 
He therefore wisely staid abroad till the death of the Queen rendered his return safe. Upon his 
arrival in England, he was restored to his fellowship in ]\Iagdalen College, which had been taken 
from him for his disobedience to the injuctions of the licence which had been granted him. 

In 1560, he was appointed the Queen's professor of divinity at 0-xford ; and the year after he 
was elected president of his college. In 1570 he was made dean of Gloucester, and in 1580 was 
removed to the deanery of Winchester. He would probably have been promoted to a bishopric, if 
he had not been disaffected to the Church of England, in consequence of the principles which he 
had imbibed at Zurich, during his sojourn there. Several divines used to call him and Dr. Fulke, 
of Cambridge, standard-bearers among the Non-conformists. The Oxford historian says "he was a 
moderate and conscientious Non-conformist, and stocked his college with that sort of men that could 
not be rooted out in many years. He was certainly a strict Calvinist and a bitter enemy of the 
Papists. He was a great and general scholar, an able linguist, and a deeper divine than most 
of his age." 

His letter to Zurich, in which the learned Dr. Sampson united with him, giving his reasons 
against the lawfulness of wearing the habits, then being very vigorously enforced b}- the High or 
Church party, was considered as a most timely and masterly discussion of the subject.. Subse- 
quently, Archbishop Parker cited them before him, and, upon their appearance, urged them with 
the opinions of Bucer and Peter Martyr ; but the authority of these divines not being sufficient to 
remove their scruples, they were ordered not to depart the cit}' without leave. After long attend- 
ance, and many checks from some of the council for their refractoriness, they framed a supplicatory 
letter in a vecy elegant but submissive style, and sent it to the archbishop, and the rest of the 
ecclesiastical commissioners, who were very much divided in their opinions how to proceed with 
these men. Some were for answering the reasons, and for enforcing the habits, with a protest- 
ation that they wished them taken away. Others were for connivance, and others for a compromise; 
accordingly, a pacific proposition was drawn up, which Humphreys and Sampson were willing to 
subscribe with the reserve of the apostle, "All things are lawful, but all things edify not." But 
the archbishop, who was at the head of the commission, would abate nothing, for on the 29th of 
April, 1 56 1, he told them peremptorily, in open court, that they should conform to the habits; 
that is, to wear the square cap, and no hats, in their long gowns; to wear the surplice with non- 
regents' hoods in the choirs, according to ancient custom ; and to communicate, kneeling, in wafer- 
bread, or else they stiould part with their preferment. To which our divines replied that their 
consciences could not comply with these injunctions, be the event what it might. Upon this they 
were both put under confinement ; but the storm fell chiefly upon Sampson who was detained in 
prison a considerable time, as a terror to others, and, by special order from the Queen, was de- 
prived of his deanery. Humphrey's place was not at the Queen's disposal ; however, he durst not 
return to Oxford, even after he had obtained his release out of prison, but retired to Berkshire, 
from whence he wrote her a most excellent letter, in which he protests his own and his brethrens' 
loyalty and then expostulates with her INIajesty why her mercy should be shut up against them, 
when it is open to all others. * * He earnestly beseeches her to consider the majesty of the 


glorious Gospel, the equity of the cause, the fewness of the laborers, the greatness of the harvest, 
the multitude of the tares, and the heaviness of the punishment." This appeal, so full of ardent 
piet}', tenderness and elegant sensibility, secured him many friends at Court, so that at length he 
obtained a toleration ; but had no preferment in the Church till several years later, when he was 
persuaded to wear the habits. For although the Bishop of Winchester presented him to a small 
living within the diocese of Salisbury, Jewell refused to admit him, and said he was determined to 
abide by his resolution till he had good assurance of his conformity. If this treatment occasioned 
any bitterness of feeling on the part of Dr. Humphreys, it seems to have been removed. In the 
Biography of John Jewell, D. D., Bishop of Salisbury, as given in the History of Devonshire* by 
Rev. Thomas Moore, it is stated that he died in 1571, in his fiftieth year, and was buried in the 
middle of the choir of Salisbury Cathedral. Two years after his death, Dr. Lawrence Humphrey, 
the author of his Life, laid a marble slab on his grave, with an inscription abridged from the longer 
one prefi.xed to that work. 

Some of his other writings are : i.-Epistola de Grsecis Literis, et Homeri Lectione et Imit- 
atione; 2. -De Religionis Conservatione et Reformatione, deque primatu Regum ; 3. -De Ratione 
interpretandi Auctores ; 4.-0ptimates, sive de Nobihtate, ejusque antiqua Origine; 5.-Joannis Juelli 
Angli, Episcopi Sarisburiensis, Vita et Mors, ejusque verse Doctringe Defensio ; Two Latin Orations 
spoken before Queen Elizabeth, one in 1572, another 1575; in Sermons; and some Latin Pieces 
against the Papists, Campian in particular. Wood quotes Archbishop Tobias Matthew, who knew 
him well, as declaring that "Dr. Humphrey had read more fathers than Campian the Jesuit ever 
saw ; devoured more than he ever tasted ; and taught more in the Universit)' of Oxford, than he 
had either learned or heard." 

The Biographie Univcrsclk, published in Paris, 18 iS, in an article, evidently written by a good 
Roman Catholic, informs us that the first of the works in this list was printed at Basle in 1558, the 
second in 1559, also the third, the fourth in 1560, and the fifth, at London, in 1573. It states 
that Dr. Humphreys is severely censured for having accepted, too bhndly, certain calumnies against 
the Romish Church. "He died in February, 1590, the father of twelve children." According to 
the Oxford historian "he died in his College, in the sixty-third year of his age, in 1589, having had 
the honor of seeing many of his pupils Bishops, while he who was every way their superior was de- 
nied preferment for his puritanical principles. " f 

* Vol. II., p. no. 

t Compiled from Neal's ilistffry iff tlie Pitritti.ns; Rose's UlQ^raphicul Dictionary; Rees' Cych^icdia^ and Biographie UniverselU. 



The name of John Himfrky is mentioned in records relating to the East India Cumpan}' : — 

1600, Dec. 31. Westminster. — Charter of incorporation of the East India Company by the 
name of the Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies. ' "A 
privilege for fifteen years granted by Her Majesty to certain adventurers for the discover)' of the 
trade for the East Indies ; that is to say to Geo. Earl of Cumberland, and two hundred and fifteen 
knights, aldermen and merchants." — In the list of names that follows is "John. Humphrey." 

1601, March 21, to) — Names of those to whom "Bills of Adventure" have been sealed in 

1602, April 26. ) the East India Company, with the date of the bill of adventure and the 
amount. — John Humphrey subscribes 240 1. which includes the bill and supplies. 

1607, Oct. 5-21. Court Minutes of the East India Company. * * * "Interest 
due by And. Bannyng, Executor of John Humfrey. " 

I609, Ja-W- 27. Court Minutes of the East India Company. * * * "[Wm.] Ad- 
derley, Bartholomew Hollande, and John Humphrey to be charged 10 per cent, interest for money 
they owe the Company ; the suits against them to be given up. "* 

In Purchas' Pilgrims is quite an extended account of the incorporation of the East India 
Company, which is very quaintly set forth : "The merchants of London, in the yeare of our Lord 
1600, joined together and made a stock of seventy-two thousand pounds, to be employed in ships 
and merchandises, for the discovery of a Trade in the East India, to bring into this Realm spices 
and other commodities." Queen Elizabeth's patent for the East Indies fills a number of pages, 
and commences thus: "A Priuiledge for fifteene veeres granted by her Maiestie to certaine Ad- 
venturers, for the difcouerie of the trade for the East Indies, the one and thirtieth of December, 

Elizabeth by the Grace of God Queene of England, etc. : 

Whereas, Our most deare, and louing Cofin, George Earle of Cumberland ; and Our welbe- 
loued Subjects, "f Here follow many names, among them that of John Humphry. 

These "Adventurers" bought "foure great Ships to bee imployed " in this the first voyage, 
viz.: the "Dragon," "Hector," "Ascension," and "Susan." The ship "Guest" was added as 
a victualler. They returned to England in September, 1 603 ; James Lancaster was Master. J 

The second voyage was undertaken in the early part of 1604, Sir Henry Jliddleton being 
General, and four ships employed: the "Red Dragon," Admiral; the "Hector," Vice Admiral; 
the "Ascension," and the "Susan." Returned May, 1606.** 

There seem to have been ten other voyages made, the twelfth in 1612, shi])s returned in 
1614, when it is stated: "After this twelfth voyage the order of that reckoning is altered, because 
the voyages ensuing were set forth by a joint stock, "ff 

The question naturally arises, could John Humfrey who was a member of the East India 
Company in 1600 have been the same as the one who became of such importance to the Colony 
of Massachusetts Bay? If he was, he must have been born 30, or at least 25, years prior to that 
date. How does this harmonize with his later history.? Supposing his date of birth to have been 
I575> he would be in 1628, the time of his engaging in the New England enterprise, 53 years of 
age; while, on his embarkadon to America, he would be 59, rather advanced in life for such an 
undertaking; in 1641, when he was made the first Major-General of the Colony, and was a mem- 
ber of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, 66 years old. We should hardly conclude, 
from his letter, dated July 21, 1642, to John Winthrop, Jr., who was born in 1605, that he was 
thirty years his senior. 

* Calendar of State Papers, 1513-1660. 

t For continuation see' Pilgrims, Vol. I., pp. 139-147: t Idem, pp. 147-164, for a long account of this voyage; ** pp. 1S5- 
187; It p. 500. 


This point must also be considered. What is meant by the expression under date 1607, 
"Interest due by And. Bann3'ng, Executor of John Humfrey".? Was the latter deceased; and is the 
allusion, under date Jan. 27, 1609, intended to be to the estate of John Humfrey. We know that 
words were sometimes used in, what seems to us with our modern ideas, a rather singular manner, and 
with an unnatural signification. Is it possible that "executor" was employed In the sense of transactor 
of business, and if so, how came there to be such a necessity seven years after the incorporation of 
the company, if John Humfrey was still living.^ 

How shall we explain the silence between the years 1609 and '25, if this connection with the 
East India Company was but the commencement of the career of such a prominent man as John 
Humfrey, the Assistant of the Colony .' 

It seems more probable, although this is only conjecture, that John Humfrey of 1600 may 
have been the father of the John Humfrey of 1625, and that from him the latter may have inherited 
a taste for enterprises connected with other and distant lands. 


The earliest authentic record which we have been able to obtain of John Humfrey, who be- 
came an Assistant of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, and, at a later date, its first Major-General, 
is very brief; but associates him at once with New England and its interests. In Hubbard's Narrathh'^ 
it is stated that, in 1625, Mr. White "engaged Mr. Humfrey, the treasurer f of the joint Adventurers, 
to write to Mr. Roger Conant in their names, and to signify that they had chosen him to be their 
governor at Cape Ann, and would commit unto him the charge of all their affairs, as well fishing as 
planting." But who were these Adventurers.'' Palfrey informs us that Mr. John White, who, since 
the second year of King James' reign, had been rector of Trinity Church in Dorchester, a man widely 
known and greatly esteemed, had interested himself with the ship-owners to establish a settlement 
where the mariners might have a home when not at sea ; where supplies might be provided for them 
by fanning and hunting ; and where they might be brought under religious influences. The result of 
the conferences was the formation of an unincorporated joint-stock association, under the name o^ 
the "Dorchester Adventurers," which collected a capital of three thousand pounds. J "They sent 
over sundry persons, in order to the carrying on a Plantation at Cape Ann, ** conceiving that plant- 
ing on the land might go on equally with fishing on the sea, in those parts of America, "ff But 
everything seemed to go amiss, and an attempt was made to retrieve affairs by putting the colony 
under a different direction at the end of one year. Hence this letter to Mr. Conant, who is described 
as "a most religious, prudent, worthy gentleman," and a Puritan,;]; J but not a Separatist. He ac- 
cepted the office assigned him, but "not liking the present site, transported his company to Naum- 

* Young's Chronicles^ pp. 23-4. 

t Palfrey criticises the assertion that he was treasurer at this time, although he himself makes use of the expression, " a man of 
consequence, Humphrey * * who was already, or very soon after. Treasurer of the fund." — Hist, of Neiv England, Vol. I., p. 287. 
There is one argument, at least, in favor of Hubbard's statement. He was doubtless personally acquainted with Conant, and we find in 
Young's foot-note "that we may consider that in this chapter of Hubbard's Narrative, giving an account of the first settlement at Cape 
Ann and Salem we have Roger Conant's own narrative, as taken down by Hubbard in the conversations which he held with him when 
collecting the materials for his History." — Young's Chronicles, p. 35, 

} Palfrey's Hist. 0/ New England, Vol. I., pp. 284-6. 

** The town of Gloucester now stands on the spot selected by the Adventurers. — Palfrey. 

tt Young's Chronicles, Hubbard's Narrative, p. 23. 
* %X The sect bearing the name of English Puritans (to which both Mr. Conant and Mr. White belonged, the latter being described 

as "a famous Puritan divine of great gravity, presence and influence"} arose in England about the year 1550, on occasion of Bishop 
Hooper's refusing to be consecrated in the popish habits. From this time Puritanism continued to gain ground, not only among the 
lower sort of people, but also in the Universities, and notwithstanding most cruel persecution. — Hoyt's Antiquarian Researches, pp. 13, 14. 


keag,* some five leagues distant, to the southwest of Cape Ann. "I "But neither removal, nor 
Conant's energy, saved this venture from financial collapse; and the brave pioneer" soon "found 
himself deserted by most of his companions, and without an occupation, in the midst of the ten- 
antless huts of frustrated trade. "J "Being grieved in his spirit that so good a work should be 
suffered to fall to the ground, Mr. White wrote to Mr. Conant not so to desert the business, 
faithfully promising that if himself with three others (whom he knew to be honest and prudent 
men, \iz : John Woodberr}', John Balch and Peter Palfrey, employed b)- the Adventurers) would 
stay at Naumkeag, and gi\'e timely notice thereof, he would provide a patent for them, and like- 
wise send them whatever they should write for, either men or provisions, or goods wherewith to 
trade with the Indians. " ** Surprised and re-invigorated, Conant prevailed on his companions, 
though not without difficulty, to remain with him, and they all ' ' stayed at the peril of their lives. " fl 

The next record we find of Mr. Humfrey seems to be almost an outgrowth of the first. We 
can only judge of what influences had been at work during the time that intervened, by studying the 
results. As he lived ' ' about Dorchester, " || he had probabl}" conversed with Mr. White many times 
regarding the new plantation in which he was so deeply interested, and Mr. Conant, who was await- 
ing re-enforcements. 

"March 19th, 1627-28, the Council for New England," established at Plymouth, "sell to sir 
Henry Roswell, sir Jotin Young, knights, Thomas Southcoat, John Humphr_v, John Endicot, and 
Simon Whetcomb, gentlemen about Dorchester in England, their heirs and associates, that part of 
New England between Merrimack river and Charles river, in the bottom of the Massachusetts Bav ; 
and three miles to the south of every part of Charles river and of the southernmost part of said bay ; 
and three miles to the north of ever)' part of said Merrimack river ; and in length within the breadth 
aforesaid from the Atlantic ocean to the South Sea,"*** &c. 

After some time, ' ' Mr. White, " ' the main promoter and chief organizer of this business, ' 
brings the Dorchester grantees into acquaintance with several other religious persons in and about 
London, who are first associated to them, then buy their right in the patent, and consult about 
settling some plantation in the Massachusetts Bay, on the account of religion; where nonconform- 
ists may transport themselves and enjoy the liberty of their own persuasion in matters of worship 
and church discipline. " fff 

"By the INIassachusetts Colony Charter and Records, it seems the three first-named grantees 
wholly sold their rights, the other three retaining theirs in equal partnership with the said associates. " f|f 

It was highly important that men of the right stamp should be the first to emigrate under 
the authority of this new Company. ' ' Inquiry was made whether any would be willing to engage 
their persons in the voyage. Thus it fell out that at last they lighted, among others, on John 
Endicott, a man well known to divers persons of good repute. He manifested much willingness 
to accept of the offer as soon as it was tendered, which gave great encouragement to such as 
were still doubtful about setting on this work of erecting a new colony on an old foundation. " JJJ 
So he was sent over as agent, being fully instructed with power from the Company to order all 
aflfairs in the name of the Patentees, until themselves should come over.**** "It has been well 
said that he was just the man to lead this venture ; firm, rugged, hopeful, zealous, devout, he 

* Afterwards Salem. 

t Hubbard, Palfrey, Elliott. 

+ Pitgriin Fathers 0/ N&iv England, by Rev. W. Carlos Martyn, p. 252. 

** Young's Chronicles, Hubbard's Narrative, pp. 26, 27. 

t* Conant's petition of May 28th, 1671, in Mass. Hist. Archives.— Martyn's Pilgrim Fathers 0/ Scm England, p. 253. We have 
made numerous e.\tracts from this work in compiling our brief history, for which we wish to make a general acknowledgment of 

XX Dorchester, which may be considered the cradle of the Massachusetts Colony, is a borough town in Dorsetshire, on the southern 
bank of the river Frome, 120 miles from London. — Young's Chronicles, foot-note to p. 50. 

*« Hutchinson's Hist. 0/ Massachusetts, Vol. I., p. 16. 

ttt Prince's Annals, p. 247 ; Y'oung's Chronicles, Hubbard's Narrative, p. 29 ; XXX p. 30, Ibid. 

**** Planters' Plea. 


knew no such word as fail."* On the 20th of June, 1628, he with his wife and children, and 
those who had consented to engage in this perilous undertaking, f commenced their vo)-age to- 
wards the unknown land, J and arrived safely on September 6th. ** The ' ' instructions " of Mr. 
Endicott were dated May 30th, previous to his departure, and signed by John Humphry and 
others. In the Company's general letter of instructions, dated Gravesend, the 17th and 21st April, 
1629, allusion is made to his letter of 13th September, by which they take notice of his safe 
arrival; his first commission is also mentioned. If 

"At once fraternizing with Conant's sentinel squad * * the new-comers proceeded to 
put up additional cottages; and they called the nascent hamlet Sakvi, 'for the peace which they 
had and hoped in it. ' " %% They immediately began to explore the surrounding country, and stumb- 
ling upon Thomas Walford's hermitage in Mishawam, the locality seemed to them favorable for a 
settlement. The explorers returned to Salem with their report, and ere long "a portion of the 
colonists established themselves around the forge of the sturdy blacksmith; and with the old patri- 
otic feeling, which neither wrongs nor suflferings could altogether root out, they named the new 
settlement Charles/own, in honor of a king whose severities had driven them from the land of their 
fathers." *** 

But means and influence must be employed unsparingly, at home, by friends of the cause, 
lest the good work, so nobly begun, should prove a failure. We find the name of John Humfrey 
in the list of Adventurers, May, 1628, when he subscribes .;^50,fff probably a small part of the 
money advanced by him at various times for this enterprise. Owing to his position and surround- 
ings he was also able to induce others to give of their substance, which they became the more 
willing to do, when the report of Endicott's successful colonization reached England early in 1629. 

Mr. White was now encouraged "to plant the adventure on a broader, firmer foundation. 
The original company was but a voluntary, unincorporated partnership. \W This was now ' much 
enlarged ' by recruits from the Puritans, ' disaffected to the rulers in church and state. ' **** The 
next step was to get a charter and an incorporation. This was solicited, and after some little diffi- 
culty and delay obtained. " ffft 

"March 4th, 1629. At the petition of the Massachusetts Company, king Charles by charter 
confirms their patent of the Massachusetts colony to them, that is, to the aforesaid sir Henry 
Roswell, sir John Young, Thomas Southcot, John Hum/i-ey, John Endicot, Simon Whetcomb, and 
their associates, namely. Sir Richard Salionstal, knight, Isaac Johnson, Samuel Aldersey, Johti Ven, 
Matthew Cradock, George Harwood, Increase Nenvcll, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nalhaniel 
Wright, Samuel Vassal, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goff, Thomas Adams, John Brown, Samuel Brown, 
Thomas Hutchings, William Vassal, William Pynchon, and George Foxcroft, their heirs and assigns for- 
ever; that they and all who shall be made free of their company be forever a body corporate and 
politic by the name of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, and 
have perpetual succession ; that there shall be forever a governor, deputy governor, and eighteen 

* Martyn's Pilgrim Fatficrs, p. 254. 

t There seems to be a difiference of opinion regarding the number that sailed. Elliott states that Endicott went into the New 
World at the head of the company numbering nigh one hundred souls. — Hist, of New Eiigland, Vol. I., p. 140. He refers to Johnson's 
Wondcr-iuorking Prmiidencc, Belknap's Biography, Prince, and Hubbard's History. But in Planters' Plea we find: "Master Endicott ''= 
* arriving in safety September, 1628, and uniting his own men with those which were found planted in the country into one body, they 
made up in all not much above fifty or sixty persons." — Young's Clironidcs, p. 13. Martyn gives "he took his wife and children, and 'not 
much above fifty or sixty other persons.' " — p. 255. Refers to some of the same authorities that Elliott does. 

+ The " Abigail," Henry Gauden Master, was the ship that carried over Endicott and his company. — Young's Chronicles. 

"=» Elliott's New England History, Vol. I., p. 140 ; Young's Chronicles, p. 13 [White's Brief Relation— Planters' Plea.] 

tt Young's Chronicles, p. 146 ; See Hutch. Mass. Vol I., 9. 

tX Mather's Afagnalia : Martyn's Pilgrim Fathers. 

*** Wilson's Hist, of Puritans and Pilgrim Fathers, p. 483: Martyn's Pilgrim Fathers, pp. 255, 256. 

ttt Young's Chronicles, foot-note to p. 174. 

tXX Palfrey. 

**'<=* Colony Records: Cradock's Letter in Young's Chronicles. 

tttt Martyn's Pilgrim Fathers, p. 257. 


assistants chosen out of the freemen of said Conipam- : that ^Matthew Cradock be the first and pres- 
ent governor; Thomas Gofl" first deputy governor; and the cighkai printed in itahcs be the first 
assistants. " * 

' • ' The patent passed the seals a few days only before Charles I. , in a public state paper, 
avowed his design of governing England without a Parliament. ' f It was cherished by the colo- 
nists for more than half a century as a most precious boon ; and the old charter \ is the germ 
of that 'bright, consummate flower'; the later constitution."** 

Preparations were now hastening for the embarkation of fresh emigrants. A\'e find on the 
Company's Records the following : 

Feb. 26th, 1628-9. Necessaries conceived meet for our intended voyage for New England to 
be prepared forthwith. 

For our five pieces of ordnance, long since bought and paid for, Mr. John Humphry is en- 
treated and doth promise forthwith to cause them to be delivered to Samuel Sharpe, \\ho is to take 
care for having fit carriages made for them.ff 

March loth, 1628-9. This day order was given to the Treasurer for payment of twenty 
pounds more to INIr. John Humphry, towards charges of our patent ; and this to be his warrant for 
the payment thereof. JJ He was not present at this meeting, nor at se\eral held before the 23d of 
March, at which date his name appears in the list, and also in connection with business trans- 
actions : " At a meeting of the Massachusetts Company this day at London, Mr. Nowell ■ giving 
intimation, by letters from Mr. Johnson, that Mr. Higginson of Leicester, an able and eminent min- 
ister, silenced for non-conformity, would be likely to go to our plantation, who being approved for a 
reverend and grave minister, fit for our occasion, it is agreed to entreat Mr. Humfrey to ride pres- 
ently to Leicester ; *** and, if Mr. Higginson can conveniently go this present voyage, to deal with him, 
first if his remove may be without scandal to that people, and approved by some of the best aflTected 
among them, with the approbation of [the reverend and famous] Mr. Hildersham, of Ashly-de-la 
Zouch. INIr. Higginson Iff being addressed both by !\Ir. Humfrey and \Miite, he looks upon it as 
a call from God ; and in a few weeks is, with his tamily, ready to take his flight into this savage 
desert. " JJJ 

Young states that part of the Company's Records were torn off. but Prince and Hubbard 
both appear to have had them. The former gives: "March 23, 1629, eleven assistants sworn," 
names not mentioned; the latter, "Mr. John Humphry was sworn in as Assistant."**** 

"By the middle of April, 1629, si.\ ships were ready to sail; and under license from the 
Lord Treasurer, these were freighted with 'eighty women and maids, and twent3-si.x children, and 
two hundred men, with victuals, arms, tools, and necessary wearing apparel. ' ff f f They also took 
on board, ' one hundred and forty head of cattle, and forty goats. ' " JUJ 

Higginson and his future parishioners landed at Salem on the 24th of June, 1629.***** 

In alluding to this emigration Elliott writes : ' ' England did not regret the departure of these 
Christian heroes, because she did not know her best men. What nation does.' To materialists 
and politicians, these Pilgrims seemed to be visionaries and idealists ; impracticable and in the way. 
Yet this class is always the life of a nation. We can look back upon them, and surfeit them with 

* Prince's Annals, pp. 254, 255 : XXX pp. 256. 257. 

t Bancroft's Hist. 0/ the United States. 

% This is filed in the State-House, Boston, and is printed in Colony Laws. — Bancroft. 

** Palfrey, Wilson. — Martyn's Pilgrim Fatliers, p. 257. 

t+ Young's Chronicles, p, 43 ; XX p. 60. 

*** Leicester is 97 miles from London- 

ttt Agreement with Mr, Higginson, Young's Chronicles, p. 209 : his Journal, p. 215 ; his New England Plantation, p. 242. 

**** Mass. Hist. Collections, 2d series. Vol. V., p. 120. [Gen. Hist, of New EngLind.] 

tttt Mass. Col. Rec. Vol. I. 

XXXX Palfrey, Martyn. 

****^ Hutchinson. 


praise ; but we cannot easily see their mates walking amongst us, treading our own sidewalks, and 
so learn to cherish, and not kill the prophets."* 

At a General Court, April 30th, 1629, Capt. Endicott was chosen governor. "Mr. \\'al- 
o-rave, i\Ir. Pelham, Mr. Humphry, and Mr. Nowell are entreated to frame the form of an oath for 
the Governor, Mr. Endicott, and also for his Deputy, and for the Council, which shall be sent 
over and be administered to them in New England.' 

May 7th. A form of an oath for the Governor f beyond the seas, and of an oath for the 
Council X there, was drawn and delivered to Mr. Humphry (who was present) to show the Council. 

May nth. Mr. Humfreys was present. 

May 13th. "Mr. John Humphry chosen Assistant, and confirmed, and was one of those 
who took their oaths appertaining." (First election by the royal charter).** This record was also 
made: "It is this day ordered that whensoever any Court of Assistants shall be summoned, who- 
soever of the Assistants comes not, twixt 25 March, and 29 of September, before eight of the clock 
in the morning, and from 29 September to 25 March, before 9 of the clock in the morning, shall 
forfeit twelve pence for every such offence," &c. 

Mav i8th, Monday, Coiu't of Assistants held. "Mr. Humphreys and Mr. Adams are desired 
to meet and consider what provisions are fit to be now sent over to Captain John Indicott and his 
family, and to provide the same accordingly." 

May 2 1 St. Mr. Eaton took the oath of Assistant, * * "and he is desired to accompany 
Mr. Humphrey to Mr. Whyte, the counsellor, to be satisfied concerning the administering oaths to 
the Governor and Council in New England. Mr. Whetcombe is also desired to be with them." 

Ma\' 2 2d. IMr. Humphrey was present at a meeting which was held at the Governor's 
house. tf It is probable that another "letter of instructions," which was to be prepared for Gov. 
Endicott, was discussed at this time. It was dated London, 28th May, 1629. * * "We have 
sithence our last (17 and 21 April), at a full and ample Court assembled, elected and established 
you, Capt. John Endicott, to the place of present Governor in our Plantation. * * * if 
any of the savages pretend right of inheritance to all or any part of the lands granted in our patent, 
we pray you endeavor to purchase their title, that we may avoid the least scruple of intrusion. "|J 
This certainly shows an excellent spirit, and one worthy of imitation to a more general extent, at 
the present day. Martyn describes this letter as "unique, and highly illustrative of the benevolent 
spirit of these builders of states, to whose brotherhood Lord Bacon, in 'the true marshalling of the 
sovereign degrees of honor, ' assigns the highest place. " *** 

June nth. Mr, Humfrey present at a General Court. 

A little later, ' ' the success of Endicott and the supplementary success of the detachments 
despatched to re-inforce him — success which at the very outset had left the older settlement at Pl}'- 
mouth, plodding on under a heavy load of debt and odium, far behind — stirred English Puritanism 
as with the blast of a trumpet. So intense was the interest in the new colony, throughout the realm, 
that a tract descriptive of New England, written by Higginson, and sent over to England in manu- 
script, was printed, and ran through three editions in as many months, fff * * Soon this stir 
had an effect. Some of the purest, wealthiest and best-educated men in England agreed to embark 
for America. One thing only had made them hesitate ; the colonial government resided in England, 
and was onl}- sifted into New England by delegation. The charter empowered the company, and not the 
colonists, to transport persons, establish ordinances, and settle government. It was a chrysalis ; ii 

nd Mr. John Brown being out of the land, 

* Elliott, Vol. 1.. p. 150. 

t Oath of governor, Young's Chronicles, p. 201 ; 

; X oath of Council, pp. 202, 21 

** May 13th, 1629, "The same assistants chosei 

1 for the year ensuing, only Mi 

John Pocock and Mr. Charles Coulson arc chost 

^n in their room.— Young's Chr 

tt Young's Chronicles: %% p. 173. 

*** Martyn, p. 260; Bacon's Works, Vol. II. 

Itt Bancroft. 

had the face of a commercial corporation, but was pregnant with the essence of an independent 
provincial government. " * 

August 28th. A (General Court was held to consider this subject, and Mr. Humfreys was 
present. "Only two days before, namely, on the 26th of August, a mutual agreement f had been 
made and signed, at Cambridge, by Saltonstall, ^^■inthrop, Johnson, Dudle}-, Humphrey, Nowell, 
Pynchon, Thomas Sharpe, William Vassall, and others, that they would embark with their families 
for the Plantation in New England, by the first of March next, to inhabit and continue there, pro- 
vided that before the last of September next the whole government, together with the patent for the 
said Plantation, be first, by an order of Court, legally transferred and established to remain with 
them and others who shall inhabit upon the said Plantation, " J 

"Who should utter the talismanic words fit to set free the hidden spirit of self-government.? 
Matthew Cradock, the governor of the company, pronounced the 'open sesame.' He saw, as did 
other sagacious men, that the residence of the corporate authority in England embarrassed emigration, 
barred prosperity, and opened the door to discord. * * So, with generous self-abnegation, he 
himself proposed the transfer of the charter to such of the freemen of the company as should them- 
selves inhabit the colony. " ** . 

August 29th. A General Court was held. Mr. Humfre-y present. "By erection of hands, 
it appeared by the general consent of the Company, that the government and patent should be 
settled in New England, and accordingly an Order to be drawn up." 

October 15th. A General Court. i\Ir. Johx Humfrey present, and member of a committee. 

October i6th. A Court of Assistants. Mr. John Humfry present. This court was ap- 
pointed to treat and resolve upon the transferring of the government to New England, &c,ff 

' ' Then cam.e an obstacle. The crown lawyers said, ' It is not so nominated in the bond ; 
you have no right, standing under this corporation charter in London, to transfer your power. ' 
Our fathers replied : ' King Charles has granted us certain authority, but our charter does not bind 
us to exercise that authority in England ; locality is not specified. We choose to vote that emi- 
grants shall be freemen, and to summon a meeting beyond the Atlantic. '" J| 

October 20th, Tuesdav. A General Court at Mr. Goft's, the Deputy's house. "Mr. JoH>f 
Humfry " present, and on committee for the planters. "The governor represented the special oc- 
casion of summoning this court was for the election of a new governor, deputy, and assistants, 
the government being to be transferred to New England ; the court having received extraordinary 
great commendation of Mr. John Winthrop, both for his integrity and sufficiency, as being one 
very well fitted for the place, with a full consent choose him governor for the ensuing ^ear, to be- 
gin this day ; who is pleased to accept thereof ; with the like full consent choose Mr. Humphrey 
deputy governor, . and for assistants sir R. Saltonstall, INIr. Johnson, Dudley, Endicott, ' &c. *** 

Because of the very friendly relations existing, m later years, between John Winthrop, Jr., 
and Mr. Humfrey, we have concluded to give his noble reply to his father, when informed of 
his decision to remove to New England: "I shall call that my country where I may most glorify 
God and enjoy the presence of my dearest friends. Therefore herein I submit myself to God's will 
and yours, and dedicate myself to God and the Company, with the whole endeavors both of mind 
and body. The conclusions which you sent down are unanswerable ; and it cannot but be a pros- 
perous action which is so well allowed by the judgment of God's prophets, undertaken by so 
religious and wise worthies in Israel, and indented to God's glory in so special a service. " f f f 

• Martyn's, Pilgrim Fathers, pp. 274-5. 

% Young's Chronicles, foot-note to p. 86. [Company's Records]; t Agreement at Cambridge, p. 281. 

•w Hutchinson's Hist, of Massachusetts, Vol. I., p. 13 : Elliott's Hist, of Ncm England, Vol. I., p. 146 ; iMartyn's Pilgrim 
Fathers, p. 275. 

It Young's Chronicles. 

%X Martyn's Pilgrijn Fathers, p. 276. 

+•*"*" Prince's Anitats, p. 267. 

ttl Bancroft's Hist, of the United .'Elates. Vol. I., p. 274. 


"And now preparations for an extensive emigration were ardently pushed. The finances of 
the Company were put on a new basis. All contributors to the fund were ipso facto entitled to a 
share in the profits of the colonial trade and to a grant of Massachusetts land. ' The outlay was 
distributed in such proportions that it was not burdensome in any quarter. The richer emigrants 
submitted to it joyfully, from public spirit; the poorer, as a panacea for existing evils.'"* 

Nov. 20th, Friday. A Court of Assistants was held at Mr. GofiTs house. Mr. John Humfry, 
Deputy Governor, present. 

Nov. 25th. A General Court was held, when he was also present; and on Monda}', the 
last of November, when it was at Mr. Goffs house. 

Dec. 15th. A General Court at Mr. Goft's house. Mr. John Humfiy, Deputy, presided; 
was also present at one held February loth, at the same place. 

March i8th, 1629-30. Mr. Humfrey was present at a meeting of Assistants held in South- 
ampton. This is the last record of the Massachusetts Company in England, f 

Early in the Spring of 1630, ten vessels were ready to weigh anchor, among them the 
"Arbella,";f in which Gov. Winthrop was to sail. Just before his departure with his compan}'. 
Rev. John Cotton delivered a sermon on "God's Promise to his Plantation." This was afterwards 
printed, and, in the Preface, I. H. (supposed to be John Humfrey by Young**) announces: — 
"Ere long (if God will) thou shalt see a larger declaration of the first rise and ends of this en- 
terprise, and so clear and full a justification of this design, both in respect of that warrant it hath 
from God's word, and also in respect of any other ground and circumstance of weight that is con- 
siderable in the warrant of such a work, as (I hope) there will easily be removed any scruple of 
moment which hitherto hath been moved about it." 

The Planters Plea, published in London, 1630, and supposed to have been written by John 
White of Dorchester, corresponds to this description, and Mr. Young has no doubt is the work 
which the writer intended to announce, ff 

March 23d, 1630. At a Court of Assistants held on board the Arbella, "Mr. Humfrey 
being to stay behind is discharged of his deputyship, and in his place Mr. Dudley chosen deput}' 
governor. " \\ 

We will here allow Mr. Martyn to bring before us, in his vivid manner, some of the pas- 
sengers in whom we are most interested.*** As Mr. Winthrop holds such an important position, 
and hereafter is so intimately associated with Mr. HuMFREy,fff and Mr. Dudley takes his place 
as deputy, because of his detention in England, they are both included in this number. 

"Let us descend into the little cabin of the Arbella, and scan the faces and take the hands — if we are worthy — 
of some of the most famous personages of this august Company of devout voyageurs. The cabin is long, and low, and 
dark. But 'tis lighted now, somewhat dingily, indeed, yet still sufficiently to enable us to discern a table covered with 
maps and legal parchments, round which are ranged a score of deeply-interested talkers. 

" That tall, handsome, gentlemanly man, who sits at the head of the table, is John Winthrop, the new governor. 
See what an easy grace there is in his every movement ; he has the port of one habituated to command, yet he is very 
gentle withal. His hair is just touched with silver, and he is in the prime of life— just forty-two, ripe and mellow. 
Winthrop is not a needy, sour adventurer ; he comes of an ancient family long seated at Groton, in Suffolk, where he 
has a property whose income yields him six or seven hundred pounds a year. Evidently he quits England from some 
higher motive than to fatten his exchequer. This is he whom Cotton Mather terms ' the Lycurgus of New England ; ' 'as 
devout as Numa, but not liable to any of his heathenish madnesses ; a governor in whom the excellences of Christianity 

* Martyn's Pilgrim Fathers, p. 278 : Palfrey, 
t Young's Cliroilidcs : X formerly the "Eagle," p. 127. 

** It seems very probable that Mr. Young's surmise is correct, when we consider Mr. Humfrey's acquaintance with Mr. White, his 
deep interest in the work, and the fact that in former times the letter I was employed for Jf. 
ft Young's Chronicles, page i6, foot-note to Planters' Plea. 
XX Prince's Atinals, pp. 274, 275. 

*»* See Winthrop Papers, Vol. VI. 4th series Mass. Hist. Coll., for correspondence, &c. 
ttt Marlyn's Pilgrim Fatliers, pp. 278-83. 


made a most imposing addition unto tlie virtues wherein even without these he would have made a parallel for the great 
men of Greece and Rome whom the pen of Plutarch has eternized.' * * * * « 

" At the right of Winthrop, and chatting pleasandy with him, stands Thomas Dudley. He is short and thickset in 
stature, and stern in expression ; a man fit to lead a forlorn hope. Quick and irascible in temper, uncompromising when 
he esteems himself in the right, every word he utters has the ring of authority. * * * jji^ Y,ea,d is grayer 
than Winthrop's, but he is still robust, and he walks with a martial air — and no wonder, for he is a soldier, t * * 

"But who is this that glides up to Winthrop, and, touching him upon the shoulder, speaks a word in his ear. It is 
JoH.N Humphrey, 'a gentleman of special parts, of learning and activity, and a godly man.'| He does not sail now, but is 
here to bid his friends God speed. 

"See, yonder, leaning with graceful negligence against the wainscot of the cabin, lomiges a pale, thoughtful, intel- 
lectual young man, with a fine head, and a face whose expression is that of lovable seriousness. This is Isaac Johnson, the 
wealthiest of the Pilgrims, a land-owner in three counties.** But profomidly impressed with the importance of emigration, 
and aware of the necessity of an example, he has risen from the lap of artificial and patrician life and flung away the soft- 
ness of a luxurious home to battle with the rigors of a wilderness. Like Humphrey, who now approaches to shake hands 
with him, he is a son-in-law of the Earl of Lincoln, the head, in that day, of the now ducal house of Newcastle, and also, 
like his relative, he has been the familiar companion of the patriotic nobles, f Johnson now goes out as one of Winthrop's 

His wife, the Lady Arbella Johnson, was one of those noble women whose unshrinking devotion still further hallowed 
the enterprise. "Her heroism has thrown a halo of poetry around a venture which needed no additional ray to make it 
bloom in immortal verse. The daughter of Earl Lincoln, the idol of her associates, she was yet a Pm-itan. Married to 
Isaac Johnson, she was indeed a helpmeet, sharing in his feelings, and animating him to loftier exertions. When her 
husband resolved to emigrate, she determined to share his peril, and though ill-fitted to brave the rigors of an inclement 
wilderness by her delicate nature, she answered all objections by saying, ' God will care for me, and I must do my 
duty.' An exile voyage was her wedding tour; \\ and so touched were the Pilgrims by her devotion, that they named 
their vessel after her, the ' Arbella.' "f J 

"On the 29th of March, 1630, the 'Arbella' sailed from Cowes, off the Isle of Wight, and stopped at Yarmouth 
to join her consorts, the 'Talbot', the 'Jewel', the 'Ambrose' and the rest.*** Here the self-banished devotees penned 
a farewell to their brothers in the faith who remained in England. * * This done, all was done ; then ■ on 

the 8th of April, favored by the breath of budding spring — fit season in which to sail — the flotilla lilted anchor and 
left Yarmouth, where the feet of these Pilgrims pressed the soil of their dear England for the last time." ftt 

Nine weeks the Arbella tossed on the Atlantic, not reaching her destination until June 12th. tff 
They found disease stalking among the settlers, and provisions were nearly spent. ' ' Daily the sick- 
ness increased, and haunted Salem as well as infant Cambridge. In August there was a large 
mortality ; but September was the most dreary month. * * The Lady Arbella Johnson's fragile 
frame, coming 'from a paradise of plenty and pleasure into a wilderness of wants, ' ||| succumbed 
shortly to the dread epidemic, to the infinite sorrow of her loving friends. **** " She was buried 
with expressions of general esteem and grief, " tt"t"t for she had been ' ' generous and strong in her 
love and sympathy for those with whom she lived. "J||J Mr. Johnson, sorely afflicted, "accomp- 
anied the band of emigrants who abandoned Salem, and selected Charlestown, the colonial seat of 
government, for their place of settlement ; and he again joined the survivors who hastily deserted it, 
when a death plague seemed to threaten the destruction of all. He lived long enough at Boston***** 
to aid in the distribution of its first lands, and to build a house on the lot appropriated as his 
own share of the soil. * * The Court-house now appropriately occupies the site of his dwelling, 

* Magnalia ; see also Winthrop's Life, by R. C. Winthrop, Boston, 1866. 

t Palfrey. — Winthrop and Dudley were both mentioned in Isaac Johnson's will as executors. 

+ Winthrop. 

** Mass. Hist. Collections, Palfrey, Prince, Mather. 

tt We question the statement that she was a bride when she crossed the Atlantic. Our reason will become apparent on examining 
our account of the first of her husband's wills which we mention. 

XX Mather, Winthrop, Pallrey, Elliott, Hutchinson. 

*** Winthrop's Diary. 

tt+ Elliott's Hist. 0/ Nmj England, Vol. I., pp. 149, 150; Martyn's Pilgrim Fathers, p. 284. XXXX Elliott, p. 153. 

XXX Hubbard ; •»** Martyn's Pilgrim Fatliers, p. 288. 

tttt Felt's Annals 0/ Salem, p. 47. 

***** Martyn states that Boston in New England was so called because Boston in England, a prominent town in Lincolnshire, some 
five score miles north of London, had played no inconsiderable part in the drama ol this colonization, giving to the entei^jrise some of its 
chiefest pillars— P/V^Ww Fatliers, p. 289. 


and his grave was the first which consecrated the burying-ground, where it is still pointed out as one 
of the memorials of the foundeis of the State. The esteem in which he was held among the com- 
panions of his toil and the sharers in his trials is shown by the terms in which his loss is mentioned 
by the early historian of the settlement : ' He was endowed with many precious gifts, and a chief 
pillar to support this new erected building, so that at his departure there were many weeping eyes 
and some faltering hearts, fearing the failure of the undertaking. ' " * The following notice of his 
death is found in Gov. Winthrop's History of New England: "September 30, 1630. — About two in 
the morning, Mr. Isaac Johnson died ; his wife, the Lady Arbella, of the house of Lincoln, being 
dead about one month before. He was a holy man and wise, and died in sweet peace, leaving 
some part of his substance to the Colony, "f 

He made several wills. One commences as follows : ' ' This is the last will and testament of 
mee Isacke Johnson of Boston in the Com. of Lincoln esquier made the twentieth day of Aprill in 
the Third yeare of the raigne of our Soueraigne Lord Charles Kinge of England Scotland Frannce 
and Ireland &c [1628J beinge in some distemper of body But in good and perfect vunderstandinge 
and memory," &c. In this will he mentions his wife, his father Abraham Johnson, "the right hon- 
ourable Theophilus Earle of L3-ncoln brother of my said wife, " his grandfather " jMr. Doctor Chader- 
ton," Mr. John Cotton, minister of Boston, Lord Viscount Say and Seale, &c. Richard Bellingham 
of Boston in the Com. of Lincoln esquier and Thomas Dudley of the same Towne and Com. gent 
are made executors. " Wytnesses of the publishing hereof" — John Humfrey and three others. J 

' ' Extracted from the Registry of the Prerogative Court of Canterbur)-. " 

' ' In the name of God Amen I Isaack Johnson beinge by the Grace of God forthwith to un- 
dertake a voyage into New England in America and well weighing the uncertaine condicon of al 
earthly things and especially of the life of man," &c. Mentions "the right honorable the Lady 
Arbella** my wife." Gives a portion of his estate "to the Governor and company of the Mass- 
achusetts Bay in New England aforesaid to and for the benefitt of their pilantacons there." * * 
* * "John Hampden of Hampden in the countie of Buckingham Esquire, John Winthrop of 
Groton in the countie of Sufk. Esquire, John Reading, John H oiled and Thomas Dudley of Clips- 
ham in the countie of Rutland Esquire executors." 

"In witness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seale the eighth day of March Anno 
Dom. 1629. And I doe hereby revoke all other Wills. 

IsA Johnson." 

"Signed sealed and published thees two sheets to bee my last Will in the presence of Ric 
Fitche Philip Johnson Edward Greene. " ff 

Hutchinson refers to a will of Johnson "uncancelled and which remains on the Massachusetts 
files, executed April 28th, in the fifth of King Charles." It has been searched for in vain, however, 
since Hutchinson described it.|J 

\^'hen intelligence of the death of Lady Arbella reached England, Mr. Humfrey, being still 
in ignorance of Mr. Johnson's death, wrote him a letter of condolence, which was followed b}- sev- 
eral others manifesting a deep interest both in him and the affairs of the Colony. 

London, December 9th, 1630. 
To the worshipfull my dearely respected & much honoured brother Isaac Johnson Esqr. at Charlestowne in 
New England. 

Dearest Brother, — That whicli is yet new to mee & wherein I must follow your greife a far of, I desire may 

* Wilson's Hist, of the Puritans mid Pilgrim Fatltcrs, p. 493. 

t Savage's Wint/trop, new edition, Vol. I., p. 40; Coll. Mass. Hist. Society, 4th series, Vol. VI., foot-note to p. i. 

t Mass. Hist. Coll., 4th series, Vol. VI., pp. 20-28. [Winthrop Papers]. 

** The most common orthography is Arabella, which is doubtless incorrect. John Wnithrop in his Diary, Johnson in his Wonder- 
working Prm'ideitce, and Dudley in his Epistles, give the name Arbella. 

tt Mass. Hist. Collections, 3d series, Vol. VIII., pp. 244, 245. 

}{ See in relation to Johnson's wills a letter of Jo: Bradinge to John Winthrop, dated 26 May, 1631.— ;1/,!ji-. Hist. Coll. 4th Series, 
Vol. VI., p. 570. 


now grow old & out of date with you ; there bee dayes of mourning which it is as meete to set a period unto, as it 
is seemly & needeful at first to take up. Therefore that I may not rcnovarc Jo/ores no more of that. Your late letter 
by the Gift I received, blessing God for your health & prospering in the midst of all your losses. But good brother 
beare up, you have as much cause of comfort that so sincerely have devoted your selfe to the service of the Lord in 
his worke as anie that I know, & for your losses though manie thousand tallents more were gone the Lord were able 
& if it bee good will repay. But, ahlasse, I pitie not you in this, that have got not onely the upper but the neather springes, 
& though not supplanted yet got a larger portion of both then manie of your elder brethren, I meane such as were in Christ 
before you. Blessed bee his name that hath given you a communicating hart for the faithful dispensing your several tallents 
to his best advantage. Truth is, sweete brother, but that you are worthy of all, &, by that little grace I have I cannot but 
rejoyce in God's greater gifts to others, I should envie you were it not for sinning against God. Even these outward thinges 
are excellent instruments of doing good withall, how much more transcendent is the mercie when their is a hart to use them. 
Well brother you everie way abound in all riches, & blessed bee God that sets you in the way of yet greater increase, 
the liberal soule shall be made fast & hee that watereth shall bee watered againe. Never could there bee a fairer op. 
portunitie for a full estate to get a full reward then by scattering & casting bread upon such waters. Now the Lord 
both goe on with inlarging your hart & hand, & minister seede to the sower & a yet more glorious crowne to your 
fruitful soule. 

Now touching the particulars of your letters breifely. (Matters which concern the Colony, &c.)* 
Signed : Your trulie and ever loving brother Jo : Humfrey. 

December 17th, 1630, he writes : The same Lord in goodness goe along with you, prosper, accept and reward 
the labour of your effectual love. You much oblige all both there & here that wish well to the persons or worke 
in hand, especiallie him that with his best affections & service of love shall ever desire to approve himselfe 

Your trustie louing 

^^^O- J^ztry^^A^\ 

London, Dec. 23, 1630. — To the worshipfuU my much honoured brother Isaac Johnson Esq. at Charlestowne 
in New England. 

Dearest Brother, — I cannot but take everie occasion of writing so that you will have manie letters by the same 
ship from mee, in so much as (I feare) my letters may be burthensome unto you. But I had rather exceede in all 
expressions of loving remembrance of you, than fall short, & rather chuse to venture to bee blamed for the excesse, 
then to have you & my owne hart chide mee for the least defect. (In this letter he writes that he lives "next Dr. 
Denison's by Kree Church.") 

Signed : from your loving & deeply engaged brother 

Jo: Humfrey. { 

Mr. HiMFREY also dated a letter London, Dec. i8th 1630, and addressed it: To the right 
worshipfuU his much honoured freindes Mr. John Winthrop governour of the Companie of the Mass- 
achusets & to Mr. Isaac Johnson or ej'ther of them. Letter signed; "Yours what I am Jo.- H."f 

Allusion has already been made to the lack of provisions in the colony, when the Arbella 
arrived. An effort was put forth to obtain relief 

Sept. 29, 1630. Petition of Samuel Aldersey, Matthew Cradock. Nath. Wright, Jo. Humphriy 
and others on behalf of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England to 
the Privy Council. By letters patent of 4 March 1629 they were privileged to carry over men and pro- 
visions to begin and settle a plantation in those parts, and freely to import commodities from thence 
for seven years. The ships freighted this year for the plantation, carried more passengers than were 
expected, "many poor people pressing aboard," with cattle but no provisions; and the petitioners 

• Coll. ,Uass. Hist Society, 4th series, Vl.1 IV., pp 1-2; t p. 10 ; { pp. 12-16. 


depending too much upon the industry of their servants, sent less victuals than were requisite. 
Through slothfulness and neglect in planting of corn many have died, and the rest, about i,ooo 
persons, are afraid of being surprised by the savages, who have been supplied with guns, powder, 
and shot, by a most pernicious trade with interlopers. Pray for licence for one year, to transport 
necessary provisions for the sustenance of those residing on the plantation. The country cannot 
supply them until the end of next summer. And that the proclamation of 6 Nov. 1622, for the 
prevention of disorderly trade, may be renewed.* 

Sir Ferdinando Gorges states that "In the year 162 1, after the Parliament that then sat brake 
off in discontent, I was solicited to consent to the passing of a Patent to certain undertakers who 
intended to transport themselves into those parts [New England], with their whole families, as I 
showed before. The liberty they obtained thereby, and the report of their well doing, drew after 
them multitudes of discontented persons of several sects and conditions, insomuch that they began 
at last to be a pester to themselves, threatening a civil war before they had established a civil 
form of government between themselves. And doubtless had not the patience and wisdom of Mr. 
Winthrop, Mr. Humphreys, Mr. Dudley, and others their assistants, been the greater, much mis- 
chief would suddenly have overwhelmed them, more than did befall them. " f 

"The reasons why no more come to the Massachusetts in 1631 and 32 seem to be these. 
I. The undertaking being so hazardous over so great an ocean, of three thousand miles, to a 
hideous wilderness possessed with barbarous Indians ; many in England then oppressed for their 
pure scriptural religion and breathing after liberty to enjoy the same, were willing to see how the 
first grand transportation with the power of government fared, before they were free to venture 
themselves and their families. 2. The grievous sickness and mortality, with the extreme straits of 
the people for want of food and convenient housing, who came in 1630, which they in England 
had intelligence of, was very discouraging. " | 

Mr. HuMFREY is still in London. On the i8th August, 1631, he dates a letter from there 
to his "worthily respected and assured loving friend M"^ John Winthrop at the Dolphin M"" Hum- 
fries house in Sandwich ; " ** November 4''', to his ' ' worthy and much beloved M"" Jo : Winthrop 
Junior at Boston ;" ff June 21=', 1632, to his "worthily respected good freind M"'. John Winthrop 
junior at Boston or elsewhere in Mattachusetts Bay;"|J and Dec. 3'', to his " worthyly respected 
M"" John Winthrop Junior. " *** 

Edward Howes, in a letter to John Winthrop, Jr., writes : * * " i knew not of Mr. 
Wilson's going over till within this two dayes, soe that I had delivered a packett of letters unto 
Mr HuMFRiEs to be sent ^y this ship unto you. Letter dated "30 April, 1632, 12 hor : 
noctis. " ttt 

May 3, 1631. A servant of Mr. Humphrey was ordered to be "severely whipped" at Boston 
and Salem for striking an overseer ' ' when he came to give him correction for idleness in his 
master's work."J|| Probably some one sent here to perform work for Mr. Humfrey, or some one 
belonging in New England employed by him previous to his arrival.**** 

"In 1631, only ninety persons came over. But in 1632 the sluggish current quickened, 
and again set westward. " ffff We find the following in the minutes of the Council for New England : 

June 26th, 1632, Warwick House, Holborn. — Mr. Humphry's complaint that his ships were 
not allowed, contrary to his patent, to transport passengers to Massachusetts Bay without licence 

* Calendar oX State Papers, 1513-1660. 

t A Brie/e Narration 0/ the Originall Undertakings 0/ the Advancement of Plantations into the parts 0/ America, pub. London, 1658. 

X Prince's New England Chronology, p. 422. 

** Coll. Mass. Hist. Society, 3d series. Vol. IX., p. 232; ft p. 233: tX p. 245: ***'p. 252: ttt p- 243. 

XXX Palfrey's Hist, of New England, p. 327. 

• *»» In 1628 several servants were sent over upon the joint stock of the Company. — Hubbard's Narrative, p. 32, Young's Chronicles. 
Matthew Cradock, the governor, never came over to New England, but he had an agent and servants here, and capital engaged in fish- 
ing and trading. — Young's Chronicles, foot-note to p. 137. 

tttt Martyn's Pilgrim Fathers, p. 323. 


from the Council of New England, referred to the next meeting, and he requested to bring Mat- 
thew Cradock and any others with him. Lord Thurles, Sir James Bagg, and Sir Kenelm Digby 
admitted councillors. 

June 28th. Minutes as above. Lord Chamberlain Lindsey and James Montague admitted 
councillors. Mr. Humphreys and Matthew Cradock reproved for falsely accusing Sir Ferd. Gorges, 
at the last meeting, of not suffering any ship or passenger to pass to New England without 
licence. Mr. Saltingstall desired to make a map of Salem and Massachusetts Bay for the Council. 

Mr. HuMFREY is mentioned on the records in connection with another subject : 

August 31st, 1632. Bristol. — Thomas Wiggin to "Master Downing." * * Hopes one 
Lane, a merchant tailor, who has been in the West Indies, will talk with Mr. Humphre^■s concern- 
ing a certain staple commodity which he desires to plant in New England. "Staple commodities 
are the things they want there.'" Need not declare the happ\- proceedings and welfare of New 
England. It is a wonder to see what they have done in so small a time.* 

Mr. HuMFREY, who had been unavoidably detained in England, was now making arrange- 
ments to embark for America. 

May 8th, 1632. "John Humfrey Esq. was chosen assistant, also Mr. Coddington [because 
these two are daily expected]." In parenthesis, after date, is "Tuesday, rather 9 Wednesda}-. " f 

Palfrey accepts the date May 9th. "A General Court was held and Winthrop and Dudley 
were placed again in the highest offices, the Assistants re-elected, adding to them John Humphrey 
and William Coddington, their ancient associates who were expected from England, and John Win- 
throp, the Governor s son, who had lately arrived. " if 

Prince gives us also the following records : 

April loth, 1633. Arrives at Boston Mr. Hodges, one of Mr. Peirce's mates, in a shallop 
from Virginia ; and brings news that Mr. Peirce's ship was cast away on a shoal four miles from 
Feak Isle, ten leagues to the north of the mouth of Virginia Ba}-, November 2 ; twelve were 
drowned. Mr. Humfrey lost fish.** 

May, 1633. The William and Jane, in six weeks from London arrives (at Boston) with 
thirty passengers, and ten cows, or more.ff 

1633. The Mary and Jane, [or Mary and John] in seven weeks from London, arrives (at 
Boston), brings one hundred and ninety-six passengers. 

By these ships we understand that Sir C. Gardiner, T. Morton and Philip Radcliff, who 
had been punished here for their misdemeanors, had petitioned the king and council against us; 
being set on by Sir F. Gorges and captain iMason, who had begun a plantation at Piscataqua, 
and arrived at the general government of New England, for their agent here captain Neal. The 
petition was of many sheets of paper, and contained many false accusations ; ' ' Accusing us to in- 
tend rebellion, to have cast off our allegiance, and to be wholly separate from the Church and Laws 
of England." * * * Upon which such of our company as were then in England, namely, 
sir Richard Saltonstall, Mr. Humfrey, and ^Ir. Cradock, were called before a committee of the 
Council, to whom they delivered an answer in writing. Upon reading whereof, it pleased the Lord, 
our most gracious God and protector, so to work with the lords, and after with the king * * 
* that he said he would have them severel}' punished who did abuse his governor and the 
plantation. JJ 

It must have been a matter of rejoicing to the colony that Humfrey was still in England 
to assist in framing a reply to the charges of its enemies. — But they continue to hope for his speedy 
arrival in New England. 

* Calendar of State Papers, 1513-1660. 

t Prince's Chronicles o^ NeTv England, pp. 393-4 ; ** pp. 427-8 : tt p 428. 

t Palfrey's Hist of S'cw England, p. 355. 

XX Prince's Annals, pp. 429, 430. 



May 29th, 1633. General Court at J3oston. John Humfrey, Esq., is chosen one of the Assis- 
tants for the year ensuing.* 

Mr. Humfrey was one of the original patentees of the Colony of Connecticut, f of which his 
Iriend John Winthrop, Jr., became the governor, returning from England in November. 1635, bear- 
ing a commission from Lord Say and Seal, Lord Brook and others. The first English settlement 
was at Windsor, 1633. J Mr. Hubbard thus alludes to it: "And, indeed, all the places on the 
sea-coast being already preoccupied, there was no place left free, capable to receive so many hun-^ 
dred families in the year 1633, 1634, and 1635, if this River of Connecticut had not been possessed 
immediately after their first discovery thfireof. That very year when that discovery was made came 
over into New England several persons of note, amongst whom was Mr. Humphry, who, though 
he was formerly chosen Deputy Governor, came not over till the year 1634 [in July,** probably 
in the Planter ff J bringing along with him his noble consort, the Lady Susan, daughter to the Earl 
of Lincoln. He came with a rich blessing along with him, which made way for his joyful recep- 
tion by all sorts, for he brought along with him sixteen heifers (at that time valuable at £20 per 
piece) "sent by a private friend to the Plantation ; sc. by one Mr. Richard Andrews ; %% to every of 
the ministers one, and the rest to the poor: and one half of the increase of the ministers' part to be re- 
served for other ministers. Mr. \\'ilson's charity so abounded, that he gave not only the increase of 
his, but the principal itself, to !\Ir. Cotton. By Mr. Humphry's means much money was procured 
for the good of the Plantation, and divers promised yearly pensions. " *** 

Palfrey gives us the following: "Tidings came from England of a nature to impress the 
minds of the rulers in Massachusetts, more seriously than e\'er before, with a sense of the magnitude 
of the task they had undertaken. On the one hand, new cause for encouragement appeared. Mr. 
Humphrey, who came over with a quantity of arms and ammunition, presented by friends of the 
Colony in England, reported that 'godly people began now to apprehend a special hand of God in 
raising this plantation, and their hearts were generally stirred to come over.' Intelligence to the 
same eftect came from Scottish settlers in the North of Ireland : and Mr. Humphrey brought certain 
propositions from some persons of great quality and estate, and of special note for piety, whereb)- 
they iliscovered their intentions to join the Colony, if the}' might receive satisfaction therein. On the 
other hand Mr. Humphrey brought tidings of serious danger impending abroad. The jealousy of 
the ro}al government, carried on for the last five years without a I^arliament, and growing e\ery day 
more despotic in church and state, had been revealed in the Order of the Privy Council to detain 
ten vessels about to sail from London with passengers for New England. The attempts against the 
charter, baffled a vear before, were renewed, and an order had been obtained from the Lords of 
Council for its production at their board, "fff 

Here is a record of some of the proceedings : 

June 26th, 1634. Mr. Humphry this day complained to the President and Council for not 
permitting ships and passengers to pass from hence for the Bay of Massachusetts, without licence 
first had from the President and Council or their deput)-, they being free to go thither and to trans- 
port passengers, not only by a patent granted to them b}' the President and Council of New England, 
but also by a confirmation thereof by his Majesty, under his Majesty's great seal. Hereupon, some 
of the Council desired to see the patent which they had obtained from the Governor and Council, 
because, as they alleged, it pre-indicted former grants. Mr. Humphry answered, that the said pat- 

* Prince's Aiinats, pp. 429, 430. 

t Young's Chronicles, p. 106. 

} Stiles' Hist. 0/ Ancient Windsor, p. 12; Elliott's Hist, of jVWk England. Vol. I., p. 244: Hoyt's Antiquarian Researclies, p. 43. 

"'* Savage's WintJirop, Vol. I., p. 134. 

tt Savage's Genealogical Dictiojiary. 

it An alderman of London. — Lewis' Hist. 0/ Lynn, p. 85. 

■*** Hubbard's Gen. Hist, of New EngLmd, found in Illass. Hist. Coll.. 2d series, Vol. V., pp. 170, 171. 

ttt Palfrey's Hist. 0/ -Vra. England, pp. 389-91. 


ent was now in New England, and that they had oftentimes written fur it to be sent, but as vet 
they had not received it.* 

"But though the court, frightened at the prodigious extent of an emigration which threatened 
to depopulate the kingdom, had fulminated a decree against colonization, the departure of Pilgrims 
was only hindered, not stayed. They continued to cross the water until, in 1640, this pattering 
emigration had rained four thcmsand families and upwards uf twenty thousand settlers into New 
England. " f 

Mr. Humfrey was compelled to spend much of his time in London while transacting business 
for the colony, although he seems to have been formerly from ''about Dorchester," which was 120 
miles distant. In 1631, he had a house, called the "Dolphin," in .Sandwich. J We cannot posit- 
ively determine \\here his family were residing just before their departure for America. Savage states 
that with him came his wife Susan,** daughter of the illustrious Thomas Clinton, 3d Earl of Lin- 
coln, and their children: Ann, Dorcas and Sarah. Perhaps the}' had a son John "older than 

any. "ft 

They were heartily welcomed by those whi > had been so long expecting them : and according 
to Mr. Lewis, went to reside on the farm at Swampscot (the eastern extremil}- of L3nn) which had 
been laid out by order of the Court. It consisted of five hundred acres, ' ' between Forest ri\'er and 
the cliff." The bounds extended "a mile from the seaside. ' and ran "to a great white oak by the 
rock," including "a spring south of the oak." The spring is on Mr. Stetson's farm (1844); and 
the ' ' old oak " was still standing when INIr. Lewis published his first edition of the History of Lynn, 
but has since been cut down. ''Mr. Humfre^' appears to have owned nearly all the lands from 
Sagamore Hill to Forest river ; his house was near the eastern end of Hinnfrey's beach, and his 
place there was called ' Swampscot Farm. ' " \\ 

We find various grants of land recorded : 

January nth, 1635. — "It is also voted by the freemen i^if the towne that these men under- 
■vv'ritten shall have liberty to plant and build at Nahant, and shall possess each man land for the 
said purpose, and proceeding in the trade of fishing." — Mr. Humfrey and eight others.*** 

In 1657, there was a dispute as to the ownership of Nahant. — Thomas Dexter brought a 
suit against the town of Salem "for laying out lands to settlers, in a place called Nahant, he 
having purchased it from Indians previously. " 

"June 3d. 1657. The Deposition of Daniel Salmon, aged about 45 years, saith, that he 

* Palfrey's Hist o/ -\Vw England, p. 400. 

t Hutchinson ; Elliott's Hist. 0/ \nu England. Vol. I., p. 161 ; Martyn's Pilgrim Fathers, p. 325, , " 

t See page 76. 
" ** The Countess of Lincoln, her mother, was Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir Henry Knevet, and the dowager of Thomas, the third 
earl of that noble house, who died Jan. 15, 1619. Arthur Collins calls her "'a lady of great piety and virtue." She was the mother of 
eighteen children. [Young's Chronicles, foot-note to p. 75]. Frances, one of her daughters, married John G<}rges, son of Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges, proprietor of Manie. [Felt's Annals of Salem.] The family oi the Earl of Lincoln "had a more intimate connection with the 
New England Settlements, and must have felt a deeper interest in their success, than any other noble house in England." 

tt Savage's Genealogical Dictionary. 

tj Mr. Newhall Hist, of Lynn. p. 147,; says: "It seems beyond dispute, that Mr. Lewi^i was wrong in locating Mr, Humphrey 
in what is now Swampscot. He owned an extensive tract of land there, but resided, I am satisfied, on the east side of Nahant St., hav- 
ing, in that vicinity quite an extensi\'e farm, his windmill being on Sagamore Hill." And again, p. 201;. — "There is an essential 
error m locating Mr. Humfrey at Swampscot. " * My attention was first drawn to the point by Mr. Josiah M. Nichols, * * 
and subsequent investigation furnished what falls little short of conclusive evidence. It is certain that he had a house on Nahant Street, 
and that his adjacent lands were known as his farm. I find in no deed, wilt or inventory evidence that he had a house at Swampscot : 
and is it probable that, during his brief sojourn here, he would have erected more than one? Lechford speaks of his farm Swampscot; 
not his farm at or in Swampscot. And it may have been only a name by which his estate on Nahant St. was distinguished, a name which 
was afterwards applied to the territory', now known as Swampscot, where he had a large tract of wild land. * * No doubt the name 
is Indian, but it is very questionable whether if it was thus territorially applied at all, at that time, it did not, in a loose way touch any 
of the coast lands, from the east shore of Lynn haibor, or Beach Street, to the Salem line. There is much reason for the belief that the 
old house which many will remember as the Samuel Newhall house, (and which had previously been known as the Hood house) which 
stood on the east side of Nahant St.. between Baltimore and Ocean, was the identical one in which Mr. Humfrey lived, the one in which 
Lady Deborah Moody dwelt, and the one which Mr. Humfrey's daughter Ann, in 1681, sold to Richard Hood. 

*** Lewis* History of Lynn. p. 87. 

being Master Humphreye's servant and about 23 years agon, there being wolves in nahant, com- 
manded that the whole traine band to goe drive them out,* because it did belong to the whole 
towne, &c. 

"June 3d, 1657. I, John Legg. aged 47 years or thereabouts, doe testifie, that when I 
was Mr. Humphrey's servant, there came unto my master's house one Blacke Will, as wee call 
him, an Indian, with a compleate Suit on his backe, I asked him where he had that Suit, he 
said he had it of ffarmer Dexter, and he had sould him Nahant for it. 

"The Testimony of Rev. Samuel Whiting, senior, of the Towne of Linne, Saith, that Mr. 
Humphries did desire that Mr. Eaton and his company might not only buy Nahant, but the whole 
Towne of Linne, and that Mr. Cobbett and he and others of the Towne went to Mr. Eaton to 
offer both to him and to commit themselves to the providence of God ; and at that time there 
was none that laid claim to or pleaded any interest in Nahant save the town, and at that time 
farmer De.xter lived in the Towne of Linne. "f 

The person to whom Lynn was thus offered for sale was Theophilus Eaton, afterwards 
Governor of Connecticut. He came to Boston June 26, 1637, and went to New Haven in August 
of the same year. J 

May 6th, 1635. "There is 500 acres of land, and a freshe Pond with a little Island, con- 
teyning about two acres, granted to John Humfrey Esqr lying between north and west of Saugus 
[name changed to Lynn in 1637] provided he take no part of the 500 acres within five miles of 
any Town now planted. Also it is agreed that the inhabitants of Saugus and Salem shall have 
liberty to build store howses upon the said Island, and to lay in such provisions as they shall 
judge necessary for their use in tyme of neede. '' The land thus laid out was around Humfrey 's 
Pond, in Lynnfield, and was nearly one mile in extent.** This grant is said to have been made 
by the General Court in fulfillment of the resolve passed November 7th, 1632, by which "it is re- 
ferred to Mr. Turner, Peter Palfrey and Roger Conant to set out a proportion of land in Saugus 
to John Humfry, Esq. "tf This was laid out at Swampscot. 

May 6th, 1635. The General Court granted that there should be a Plantation at Marble- 
head, John Humphrey Esq. is allowed "to improve the land betwixte the Chfte and the Forest 
River." But if the necessity of the Marblehead population requires it, he is to part with it "on be- 
ing payd for labor and cost," provided it does not belong to Salem. J J 

May 3d, 1636. An application of Mr. John Humfrey for land in the limits of Salem, was 
iniroduced by Gov. Endicott. Among the arguments against it was : ' ' least y' should hinder the 
building of a Colledge, which would be maine men's losse. "*** The question was referred to a com- 
mittee. William Track gave up his farm to Thomas Scruggs, who took it for his beyond Forest 
River, so that Mr. Humfrey might be accomodated. This was the spirit of kindness for a noble 
purpose. It seems to have left the lot desired unincumbered, and thus ready for the erection of a 
college. The location was the beautiful plains known as Marblehead Farms.*** 

"John HiniFREY's bridge" was at, or near, the head of Forest river. In 1636, he built a 
windmill on the eastern mound of Sagamore Hill, which was thence called "Windmill Hill. ''fff 

September 6th, 1638. "Mr John Humfrey sold to Emanuel Downing, J|J of Salem, the two 
ponds arid so much high ground about the ponds as is needful to keep the Duck Coys, privately 
set, from disturbance of plowmen, herdsmen and others passing b}' that wa}'. which he may enclose, 

* 1634. On trauiing day (Fall) Captain Turner, by the direction of Col. Humfrey, went with his company to Nahant, to hunt the 
wolves by which it was infested. — Hist, of Lynn, p. 87. 

1 Newhall's Hist, of Lynn, pp. 241-2; tt p. 141- 

X Lewis' Hist of Lynn, pp. 145-6 ; ** pp. 88-9 ; ttt p. 97. 

%X Felt's Annals of Salem, p. 76; *** p. 98. Felt remarks that "Such an arrangement lor the promotion ot lit 
brought to pass, is creditable to the extended and correct views of our fathers." 

%\\ Newhall, pp. 170-80. Emanuel Downing married a sister ol Gov. Winthrop. 


so as he take not in above fifty acres of the upland round about the same. " These two ponds were 
probably Coy and Deep ponds, near Forest river. In the registry at Salem Mr. Humfre)- is called 
• ■ of .Salem, " but that is not a copy of the original grant, only an abstract, as deeds were not fully 
recorded in the early times.* 

1640. Freemen "ordered that the range of cattle be limited at Forest river head, at a line 
southward up to Mr. Humfrey's farm." 

But what has Mr. Humfrey accomplished for the good of the colony since his arrival in 
New England.' We know that his desire for its welfare must have increased, rather than dimin- 
ished, now that he has crossed the ocean and joined the little band of settlers. What a change 
from London, even then, to this quiet village ! Here he is regarded with great confidence, and as 
one who can assist in all times of danger and difficulty, for has he not been advocating their cause 
in England, and with success : and has he not given of his substance to the good work. 

When the first Court of Elections was held at Boston, May i8th, 1631, "That the body of 
the commons might be preser\-ed of good and honest men," it was ordered "that for the time to 
come no man be admitted to the freedom of the body politic, but such as are members of some of 
the churches within its limits;" and subsequendy it was resolved "that none but such should share 
in the administration of ci\'il government, or have a voice in any election. " f But such was the re- 
spect in which Mr. Humfrey was held, that an exception was made in his favor; and that of "the 
old planters." He continued to be elected to the office of Assistant as long as he remained in the 
colony, although he was admitted to the church at Salem, Hugh Peter, J pastor, as late as Januar}' 
16, 1637-8. In 1636, John Cotton writes to "Lord Saye and Sele": "Mr. Humfrey was chosen 
for an Assistant (as I hear) before the Colony came over hither ; and though he be not as yet joined 
into church fellowship (by reason of the unsettledness of the congregation where he liveth) yet the 
Commonwealth do still continue his magistracy to him, as knowing he waiteth for opportunity of en- 
joying church fellowship shortly. ' ** 

We find that in 1634, when there was such serious apprehension of a rupture with the Home 
Government, and the Captains w ere authorized ' ' to train the men so often as they pleased, so it 
did not exceed three days in the week," Dudley, Winthrop, Hayes, Humfrey and Endicott were 
appointed to consult, direct and give command for the managing of any war which might befall 
for the year next ensuing, and till farther order should be taken therein." 

In 1635, "of the eleven remaining original patentees of the colony, Humphrey, Endicott, 
Nowell, Belhngham, Pynchon and William Vassall were then in New England. " ff 

"Jo: Humfr.\y" signs a document at "Newtowne.JJ Octo'' 9, 1635," in which it is stated 
that "the courte hath jovntly expressed their willingness to assist you with men & munition, for 
y<^ accomplishing of your desires upem y« French. " — Hislory of Plymoulh Phvitation, hy Gov. 
Bradford. *** 

August 3, 1635. William Pynchon, giving an account of military articles committed to him 
for distribution, says "there were given to Salem, besides what Mr. Humfrey f"j"f had given them, 

* Lewis' Hist, of Lynn, pp. 106-107. 

t Hoyt's Antiquarian Researclus, p. 33. 

% Mr. Hugh Peter was settled in the Salem church Dec. 21st, 1636.— ;1/aji. Hist. Coll.. Vol. VI., p. 251. [Description of S.ilem], 

** Young's Chronicles, p. 106. 

tt Palfrey's Hist. 0/ Neio England, Vol. I., p. 403. 

++ .\ site was selected for a fortified town, the place was laid out into streets, intersecting at right angles — the frame of a house 
set up for the governor, another tor the deputy governor, and the whole of the officers of the government were to remove to the 
place, in the Spring of 1631, which was named New Town, the same plot on which Cambridge is now built. This project of fortifying 
the place was afterwards abandoned, and the frame of the governor's house removed to Boston, which now became his permanent resi- 
dence. — Hoyt's .Antiquarian Researches, p. 33. 

*« Mass. Hist. Coll., 4th Series, Vol. III., p. 335. 

ttt It must not be supposed that the title of "Mr," was used as freely then as now. "Sept. 27th. 1631, Josiah Plaistow, of Bos- 
ton, lor a misdemeanor, was sentenced by Court of Assistants "hereafter to be called by the name of Josias and not Mr. as formerly 
used to be." This title was applied to captains and sometimes to mates of vessels : to military captains : to eminent merchants : to school- 

s. doctors, magistrates and clergymen: to persons who had received a second degree at College, and who had been made freemen, 
and daughters of these men who were called Mr. were named .Mrs." — Felt's .Annals 0/ Salem. .App . p, 523, 


eight swords and iwenty-tivc wolf hooks, by John Holgan. "* Also in his account of ammunition, 
to the General Court, September 8th, 1636: — "Because Mr. Winthrop had disposed of the com- 
mon arms to Boston and Charlestown, and also Mr. Humfrey had the disposing of some to Sau- 
gus and Salem, and therefore I disposed of these as followeth," &c.f 

This was a time of great anxiety. The Privy Council had commanded Cradock to order 
the colonial charter home, to be "regulated." The ex-president of the Massachusetts Company did 
write for it in 1634, but the provisional authorities, while answering his missive, declined to return 
the charter. % Then a ' ' Quo Warranto " was issued : 
Carclus Rex, &c. 

To the Sheriffs ot London, greeting. 

We command you that you take Henry Rosewell, knight, John Young, knight, Ri : 
Saltonstall, knight, John Humphrey, John Endicott, Simeon Whitcomb, Samuel Aldersey, John Ven, George Har- 
wood, Increase IS'owell, Richard Perry, Rich. Belhngham, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Vassall, Theophilus Eaton, 
Thomas Adams, John Brown, Samuel Brown, Thomas Hutchins, William Vassall, William Pinchon, and George 
Foxcroft, freemen of the society of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, and others, freemen of Massachusetts 
Bay in New England, if they shall be found in your bailywick, and them to commit to saie custody, so that you 
have their bodies before us, in octav. sn. Mich, wheresoever we shall then be in England, to answer us, by what 
warrant they claim to have divers liberties, privileges and franchises, within the city of London and the liberties of 
the same ; whereupon they are summoned ; and there you shall have this writ. 

Thomas Bramton. 
At Westminster, 17th day of June, in the eleventh year of our reign. (1635).** 

' ' Affairs looked black indeed. Resistance was seriously contemplated ; what was called the 
'freeman's oath,' which bound the colonists to allegiance to the colony rather than to the king was 
ordered to be subscribed throughout Massachusetts Bay ; and at the same time it was decided to 
'avoid and protract. 'ff Nothing prevented England from launching her cohorts upon the plantations 
but the presence of those home troubles which now began to press the royalist party as closely as 
the serpents enveloped Laocoon. " || The storm was not averted, however, only delayed until fifty 
years later. In 1684, judgment was entered against the ^lassachuselts charter, — in the latter part of 
the reign of Charles the Second. The ' ' Exemplification of the Judgment for vacating the Charter of 
the Massachusetts Bay in Xew England was issued the following year, by his successor, James the 
Second. In this document the name of John Humfrey occurs many times, as Humfrey, Hum- 
phrey or Humphry. *** 

It is worthy of notice that, at that date, Robert Humphreys ftt ^^'^s agent for the Colony 
of Massachusetts Bay. In a letter from Edward Rawson to Thomas Hinckley, dated Boston, 2d 
July, 1685, we find: "I received this day a large packet from our agent. Mr. Humphreys, with 
a letter enclosed to our Governor and Council. — in the whole, a forty-seven sheets of paper in law- 
yers' lines; a narrative of the judgment against our charter, — which I, presently, after I had opened, 
presented our Governor with; the judgment wholly in lawyers' Latin. " JJI 

■We do not know what relationship may have existed between these two Humphreys. 

We find in Pratt's Apology, an evidence of the jealous care and watchfulness exercised in 
guarding the interests of the colony : 

Whereas John Pratt**** of Newtown being called before us at this present Court fttt and questioned for a let- 

* Felt's Annals of Salem, Appendix, p. 525. 

t Pynchon Papers, Mass. Hist. Coll.. 2d series, Vol. VIII., p. 228. 

X Elliott, Vol. I., p. 200. 

** Mass. Hist. Coll., 2d series, Vol. VIII.. pp. 96.7. (nanforth Papers). 

tt Hutchinson. 

XX Martyn's Pilgrim Fathers, p. 344. 

•** The original document, in Latin, engrossed on rolls of parchment, is in the office of the Secretary of the Commonwea/th. .\n 
English translation can be found in .!/««. Hist. Coll., 4th series, Vol. II., pp. 246-278. 

tn Inde.'c to Mass. Hist. Coll., 4th Series, Vol. V.; XXX [Hinckley Papers], p. 142, Idem. 

***+ Winthrop writes of Pratt: This man was * * an experienced surgeon, who had lived in New England many years, 
and was of the first church at Cambridge in Mr. Hooker's time, and had good practice, and wanted nothing. But he had been long dis- 
contented, because his employment was not so profitable to himself as he desired ; and it is like he feared, lest he should fall into want 
in his old age, and therelore he would needs go back into England.— Mjm. Hist. Coll., 2d series, Vol. VII., p. 126. 

tttt November lai^.—Mass. Coll. Keconls. Vol, I , p. 77. 


ter which he wrote into England dated (blank) wherein he raised an ill report of this country, did desire respite 
till the next day to consider of his answer, he hath now delivered in this before written, whereupon his free sub- 
mission and acknowledgement of his errour the Court hath accepted for satisfaction, and thereupon pardoned his 
said offence, and thereupon order that it ^hall be recorded, and such as desire copies thereof may have the same. 





In 1636, Mr. loHN Hu.MFREY and Captain Nathaniel Turner were appointed, by the Court, 
to lay out the bounds of Ipswich.* 

In 1637, John Humfrey and Edward Howe represented Lynn in Quarterly Court; name of 
place changed from Saugus to Lynn, at that time, in compliment to ]Mr. Whiting, who came from 
Lynn Regis or King's Lynn, Co. Norfolk, f February 25th, 1639, Edward Howes, in a letter 
written from London to John Winthrop, Jr., sends his "loving salutation to Signior Humfries. " 

In 1639, Endicott, Humfrey, Winthrop, Jr., Wm. Pierce and Joseph Grafton were appointed 
to settle bonds and grant consent for settlement at Cape Ann. 

About the year 1638, Mr. Hv.mfrev, having expended so liberally for others, becomes finan- 
cially straitened, and his pastor seeks a remedy. 

Hugh Peter to the General Court ol Massachusetts :— 

To the Honored Court now set at Boston. 
Whereas it pleased the Lord by diners occasions to exercise our honored brother Mr. Humfrey so as his con- 
dition is generally taken notice of in the Country to bee such that without some helpe his frends feare the Gospell may 
suffer by his sufferings. 

By the aduice of frends I am bold to desire the Couiibell, fauor, and assistance of the Court nov/ assembled in 
his behalfe, and finding the Country so charged already by necessary rates, I have only this way of some succor to 
present to your wisedomes viz : that whereas he hath some niony in his hands intended to some pubhke vse, if that 
may be remitted to his owne being one hundred and odde pounds ; and if thereunto you .shall aduise I shall pay him 
what Mr. Geere left to some of vs to dispose of for the Country, I suppose it may answer good part of his necessity, 
thoughe I perceiue lesse than 700 1 besides the sale of much of his estate will notcleere him. 
Herin I shall wayt your pleasure and shall euer bee (as I am bound) 

Yolu-s High Peter. 

Salem, 10 (7).t 

The "Answer" of the Court to the foregoing petition appears in the margin thereof in the 
handwriting of John Winthrop, Esq. , Governor, in the words following : 

"The Court vpoii heareing this Petition, & muche argument & consideration thereof did declare theire tender 
regard of the gentleman & his condition & their readynesse to helpe to supporte him : but they are not satisfied that 
his estate is so lowe as it should call for any such pubUc helpe, & if it should appeare so they would then see 
a faire waye how such helpe may be v.sefull to him for the intended ende." 

The General Court Records are silent on the subject of this petition; but in June, 1639, "It 
was ordered that a letter should be sent to Mr. Humfrey to send in the 100 1 which is in his hand 
to further the college. " ** 

From this we infer that his prospects may ha\-e somewhat brightened ; but his troubles were 
not at an end. In 1640, his bam at Swampscot, with all his corn and ha}-, to the value of /^i6o, 
was burnt by the carelessness of his servant, Henry Stevens, in setting fire to some gunpowder. At 
the Court of Assistants. November ist. "Henry Stevens, for firing the barn of his master, Mr. John 
Humfrey, he was ordered to be servant to Mr. Humfrey, for twenty-one years from this day, to- 

* Xewhall's Hist, of Lynn, p. 97 ; t p. 101, 

i Probably 1638. 

** Voloiiial Records. I., p. 263. Mass. Hist Coll., 4th Series, V..I, VI., p. 96. [Winthrop Paper^^l. 

wards recompensing him." The Court afterward allowed Mr. Humfrey for his loss and for his 
good services /'250. * 

Felt states that, in 1641, he suffered much b\- fire at Salem. f These losses had a very 
disheartening effect upon him, and probably made him desirous of returning to England, or trying 
a new field of action. Hubbard asserts that he had been contriving to leave the country several 
years previous, ' ' against the advice of his best friends. " J 

We here insert a letter, from Hugh Peter to John \Mnthrop, which is not fully understood : 

Honored Sir, — My sudden and humble request vnto you is that you would bee pleased to accompany the dep- 
uty in putting your hand and seale to the Testimony >vill bee presented vnto you for Mr. Humfrey, now bound for 
England with his sonne only with him, and a very quiet, contented mynd, purposing to retiu-ne in the Spring, hau- 
ing left his family and estate in Godly mens hands. I pray. Sir, fayle not herin. I meane the Country's Seale to it. 
At next meeting I shall giue you better satisfaction about himselfe and his departure. Thus with my humble respects 
and hartyest loue I leaue you thus hastily saluted & am Yours in all duty Hugh Peter. 

Salem vlt : Sept : 

"If we interpret the date of this letter to be the 'last of September' it cannot refer to Hum- 
frey's voyage to England in October, 1641, which is recorded by Winthrop ; as Peter had sailed for 
England the August previous. Does this refer to another visit by Humfrey to England, or to a 
contemplated voyage never made ? " ** 

Allusions are made to him, in 1640, which show that he was in New England. In a letter 
dated "Salem, the 15th of the i moneth 1640," Endicott mentions his "honoured brother Mr. 
HuMFRiES."ft In one dated Newport, 22 May, 1640, and addressed to John Winthrop, at Boston, 
Wm. Coddington sends "due respect to Mr. Humfreyes. " JJ 

In 1640, John Humfrey "from Lynn" was a member of the Ancient and Honorable Artil- 
lery Company.*** 

In i64i,fff he was advanced to the new trust of Sergeant Major General of all the military 
forces of the colony, the first who had ever been appointed to that position in this country. Per- 
haps it was with a view to provide some check to what was apprehended from Governor Belling- 
ham's overbearing disposition. || J 

About this time he decided to go to the \\'est Indies, being "tempted by great offers. " **** 
We find the following entries in Calendar of State Papers: 

Ig^l — Feb. 25. * * That Capt. (ohn Humphreys, now in New England, be Governor of Providence, 

and Capt. Carter execute the office till further order. 

|g<^.(— Mar. I. Commission from the Company of Providence Island to Capt John Humphreys, now or lately 
resident in New England, "appointing him Governor of that island during pleasure." 

I64'l — '^'''''- -' Warwick House. Minutes of a Meeting for Providence Island. Capt. Carter, now Deputy 
Governor there, to be sent home, as also Wyatt, Leicester, Morgan and Powell. Capt. Humphreys to be Governor, 
until men enough be drawn thither to settle upon the main. 

164-1 — Mar. 9, Warwick House. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. Commission, dated March i, for 
Capt. Humphreys to be (iovernor of the island, is signed. Capts. Carter and Butler to be recalled. Lieut. Thomas 
Fitch to go over as Governor until Capt. Humphreys' arrival, and then to remain there as Deputy Governor. * * 
* Jenks' house there to be set apart for the use of the Governor. 

» Newhairs"//M/. of Lynn. p. 196; Colonial Rtcords. I., p. 294. 

t Annals of Saletn. 

% Hubb.ird's Gen. Hist, of Nm England, pp. 379-So. 

»» Editors Mass. Hist. Coll., 4th Series, VoL VI., p. 102 ; tt p 145 : rt P 3i6. 

*"* April 24tb, 1638, an order was granted, signed by Jobn W'intbrop, governour, and Thomas Dudley, deputy govemour, to Robert 
Kime and others, by which they and their successors were incorporated by the name of the " Mihtary Company of the Massachusetts." 
They had a gift ol 1.000 acres of land at this time; and October 15th, 1673, 500 acres more were granted.— A/«JJ. Hist. Coll., 2d series. 
Vol. II., p. 185. 

tit June, ace. to Savage: January, ace. to Hist, of Lynn. p. 115. 

++$ Palfrey, p. 612. 

**** Savage's Gen. Dictionary. 


1541 — M^f- 10. Warwick House. Minutes of a meeting for Providence Island. Capt. Humphreys' commibsion 
for government of Providence to be sent by the first opportunity to New England. The appointment of tit persons 
to the Comicil to be considered. Three drums and a quantity of drum-heads and flags to be sent over with 
Lieut. Fitch. 

154-1 — ^I'"^""- ^9! London. The Company of Providence Island to the Governor and Coimcil. Take it very 
well that the inhabitants made so good a defence against the Spaniard's attempt of the island. Complain of the spirit 
of difference which continues to exist, and which led to the ministers and others being sent prisoners to England. 
Disapprove of Capt. Butler having deputed Capt. Carter Governor, which was the cause. Previous instructions in 
that particular should have been followed. Have thought fit to release the prisoners, and send them back to the island, 
where it is hoped peace and amity may be settled. Have appointed Capt. Hu.mphreys, now or lately resident in New 
England, Governor; Capt. Fitch, a man of a quiet spirit and approved integrity, Deputy Governor, Serj. Maj. Himt, 
Capt. Sam. Axe, Rich. Lane, Capt. John Francis, Capt. Wil. Woodcock, Capt. John Colborne, and Lieut. Andrew 
Axe, a standing Council for the affairs of the plantation, .\dmiralty, and Council of War. Do not think it fit to di- 
vide these businesses. , 

(54-l~M'^'"- 29. Instructions from the Company of Providence Island to Capt. Thos. Fitch, Depulv Governor. 
To deliver their letter to the Council. In case Capt. Humphreys is not in the island, to cause his o« n commission 
to be read. Not to desert the government but for very important reasons. 

I54-I — Mar. 31, London. The Company of Providence Island to Capt. Humphreys. Are encouraged, by his 
integrity and worth, to recommend to his acceptance the government of the island. Confess the employment is be- 
low his merit, but do not doubt of his readiness to engage in the undertaking. Inclose his commission, being the 
duplicate of one sent to Providence. Have entrusted the government to Capt. Thos. Fitch until Capt. Humphreys 
arrival. Leave it to his own discretion to pursue any design upon Cape Gratia de Dios. Hope he may be accom- 
panied with many good families and persons, that the foundation of a considerable colony may be laid. Further 
undertakings touching the West Indies may shortly be expected. Have not limited his commission, because his 
wishes are not known there. 

1541 — Mar. 31. Minutes of letters for Providence Island, signed and sealed on this day; also one for New 
England to Capt. [Humphreys] with his commission for government of Providence. 

1541 — June 28, Brooke House. Minutes of a Court for Providence Island. * * Articles signed, in which 
Emanuel Truebody agrees to send two ships from New England to Providence, with Capt. Humphreys and others. 

I54-I — June 28. Articles of agreement between the Company of Providence Island and Emanuel Truebody. 
For providing the Sparrow and the Salutation, of New England, of 140 tons apiece, to be employed in transporting 
Capt. Humphreys, and others willing to accompany him, from New England to Providence, or other parts under 
the government of the Company.'* 

This voyage probably \vas never undertaken, if Mr. Humfrey "went home in the same ship 
with Rev. John PhiHips, October 26th, i64i."f But there are some contradictory statements: — 

• "Upon an invitation from Lord Say, he intended, in the year 1640, to have removed to the 
Bahama Islands ; but the island of Providence being taken by the Spaniards, he abandoned that 
design. " J 

"But the gentleman had the saine fate which many others before him have had the experience 
of, to sow that which others were afterwards to reap : for himself tarried not long enough in the 
country to enjoy the fruits of his own pious and charitable endeavors ; though others have raised 
goodly fabrics upon the foundation w-hich was laid by him and others. " * * "The gentleman 
forementioned (so strongly bent to remove) did, at last, himself go over into England. " ** Hub- 
bard here makes no allusion to his going to the West Indies. Would he not, if this had been 
the case .'' 

Palfrey states that "man\- sold their estates here to transport themselves to Providence, among 
whom the chief was John Hi:mphrey, who went out to be Governor. But the scheme proved a 
failure. The island was soon after taken by the Spaniards, and most of the New England adven- 

* Calendar of State Papers, 1513-1660. 
t Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, 
X Young's Chronicles, p. 106. 
. «■ Oen, Hist, of New Eiighmd, by Rex . Win. Hubbard : in Mass. Hist. Coll.. 2.I siri..-, Vo]. V , pp 771 .-ind 379. 


tureis, who could, came back."* And in mentioning his appointment as Major General the same 
author adds: "A motive to this step, independent of its public objects, may have been to soothe 
and gratify Humphrey, who had just now returned disappointed from the West Indies, "f He must 
have made a quick passage, as the articles of agreement, between the Compan)- of Pro\-idence Island 
and Emanuel Truebodv, for providing the Sparrow and Salutation, "to be employed in transporting 
Capt. Humphreys and others," were signed June 28th, 1641 ; and, provided the date given by Sav- 
age is correct, he was constituted Major General in June of that same year. 

September 22d, 1642. "Fast was appointed because of contention between the King and 
Parliament ; and plots of the Indians. So gloomy were the prospects of the country at this time 
many sought other abodes. Some went to the Dutch on Long Island, and others to the West In- 
dies and England. John Humphrey wIkj had been a magistrate, and had united with the Church 
here Jan. i6th, 1638, was among them. He embarked for England.' J Does "at this time'' 
mean 1642? 

In 1642-43, on the Board of Magistrates, Thomas Flint of Concord was substituted for Mr. 
Humphrey, who had taken his final departure for England.** 

We are inclined to accept the statement found in Young's Ckronicks, that he returned to Eng- 
land. October 26th, 

The latest date of his departure, which we have found, is given in the following.- "In 1644, 
Mr. Humphries left Salem, and Endicott's influence increased, and he was elected governor. "JJ 

Lewis thus writes of him and his family : ' ' He was one of the most influential in promoting 
the settlement of the colony, and the people of Massachusetts will ever regard him as one of their 
earliest and most efticient benefactors. * * In discharging the duties of an Assistant in the 
general government, he devoted his time and energies for seven years to the service of the state, 
and seems not to have been surpassed in devotedness to her welfare. * * But with all his hon- 
ors and possessions, a shade of dissatisfaction had spread itself over his prospects, which his nu- 
merous misfortunes contributed to darken. The disappointment of the Bahamas must have been 
severely felt. b\- a mind so ambitious of honor as his appears to have been : and it is not im- 
jirobable that he experienced secret chagrin at seeing the young and uninformed Henry Vane*** 
promoted to the oflice of governor, above one whose years, knowledge and services entitled him 
to precedence. 

"It is probable likewise that his affection for his wife, whose hopes were in the land of her 
nativit^■, had some influence in determining his conduct. Li\-ing so far removed from the elegant 
circles in which she had delighted, and having lost the sister who might have been the companion 
of her solitude (Arbella Johnson), the Lady Susan was weary of the privations of the wilderness, 
the howling of the wild beasts, and the uncouth manners of the savages, and had become lonely, 
disconsolate and homesick. She, w-ho had been the dehght of her father's house, and had glittered 
in all the pride of youth and beaut}- in the court of the first monarch of Europe, was now- solitary 
and sad, separated by a wide ocean from her father's house. The future greatness of America, which 
was then uncertain and iileal. presented no inducement to her mind to counterbalance the losses 
which were first to be endured ; and the cold and barren wilderness of Swampscot. populated b}- its 
few lonely cottages, round which the Indians were roaming by day, and the wolves making their 

* Hist. 0/ New Englaiut. Vol, 1., p. 550; Winthrop. Vol. 1., p. J31 ; t p. 612, Palfrey; Muss. Col. Kec, Vol. 1., p. 329. 

t Felt's Annals 0/ Salem, p. 156. 

** Palfrey, Vol. I., p. 613 : Winthrop, Vol. II., pp. 85, 36. 

tt Young's Chronicles, p. 106. 

%X Mass. Hist. Coll., Vol. VI., p. 256. [Description and Hist, of Salem, by Rev. Wm. Bentley.] 

**• Martyn thus alludes to the choice of "Sir Harry Vane junior" as governor.— ' As the Bostonians knew him better they liked 
him better : soon he was the most popular man in the colony ; and in 1636 he was elected to fill the gubernatorial chair— elected o\er 
the heads of Winthrop, and Dudley, and the elders of our Israel, which they might and did look upon as a freak of democratic strategy 
iiuite superfluous,"— /V'/f )•<-«/ Fathers, p. 36=: Elliotl and Hubbard are referred i.j by him. 

nightly excursions, had nothing lovely to ofter to soothe lici- sorrows or elevate her hopes. What 
the misfortunes and disappointments of Mr. Humfrey had begun, her importLmities completed. He 
sold the principal part of his farm to Lady Moody, and returned to England with his wife on the 
26th October."* In another part of his work Lewis states that Lady Deborah Moody came to 
Lvnn in 1640. In 1641. she purchased Mr. John Humfrey "s farm, called Swampscot, for which 
she paid ^^1,100. f In "Plaine dealing" we find: "The Lady Moody lives at Lvnne, but is of 
Salem Church, shee is (good Lady) almost undone by buying master Humphries farme, Swamp- 
scot, which cost her nine or eleven hundred pounds. "J She was living at Gravesend, in 1649, 
when her agent wrote to Daniel King who had her farm at Lynn. -Sir Henry Moody, her son, 
had an action in her behalf about said farm in 165 1, and sold it for her to said Daniel King.** 
December 2d, 1670, Judge Wm. Hathorne, aged 63, testifies that Lady Moody came over about 
thirty years ago, and paid Mr. Humphry for his estate /"ijioo.ff 

Besides the children, Ann, Dorc.\s. Sarah and John, previously mentioned, there were the 
following baptized at Salem, "whither Mr. Humfrey removed in a few years: "J]; Theophilus (hav- 
ing his name from Mrs." Humfrey 's brother, the 4th Earl), bap. 24 Jan., 1637: Thomas, 26 Aug., 
1638; Joseph, 5 Apr., 1640; Lydia, 25 Apr., 1641. Savage adds: "Perhaps he had another 
daughter who lost her reason." * * "Perhaps, sooner or later, all but the one married [Ann] 
went to England : at least the father never came again." 

Lewis informs us that "they were much censured for leaving their children, but their in- 
tention of visiting the Bahamas, and the approaching inclemency of the season, rendered it impru- 
dent to take them, and they undoubtedly intended to return, or send for them. That Mr. Humfrey 
possessed deep sympathies, his letters sufficiently evince : and it would be e.xtremely uncharitable 
to suppose that the Lady Susan was without the endowments of maternal love. A woman of high 
feelings and keen sensibilities, the daughter of an English Earl, and according to Mr. Mather's own 
account of 'the best family of any nobleman then in England,' it cannot be supposed that she was 
destitute of those affections which form the characteristic charm of her sex. The misfortunes which 
afterwards befell some of the children inflicted a wound on the heart of the affectionate father from 
which he never recovered." In a letter to Gov. Winthrop, dated Sept. 14th. 1646, he says:*** 

"It is true the want of that lost occasion, the loss of all I had in the world, dotli, upon rubbings of that irrep- 
arable blow, sometimes a litde trouble me; but in no respect equal to this, that I see my hopes and possibilities of ever 
enjoying those I did or was willing to suffer anything for, utterly taken away. But by what intermediate handsoever 
this has befallen me, whose neglects and unkindness God I hope will mind them for their good, yet I desire to look 
at his hand for good I doubt not to me, though I do not so fully see which way it may work. Sir I thank you. 
again and again, and Ihat in sincerity, for any fruits of your goodness to me and mine: and for anything contrar)- 
I bless his name, I labor to forget, and desire him to pardon." 

We have a cop}- of a letter written by Mr. Humfre\-, which proves that he left New England 
earlier than October 26th, 1642: and that, although he has been accused of "leaving his children 
behind, without taking due care for their governing and education," fff so that they, falling into the 
hands of unprincipled persons, suffered thereby, he did not w^illingly neglect them. The letter is 
dated "Weymouth, July 21, '42," and addressed to his "worthy deare friend Jo. Winthrop Esq 
these in hast." This is the younger Winthrop. who was temporarily in England. [[Jl 

" Dearest & most desired Sir, — You are a thousand times wellcome home, & should be icoooooooooooooo times 
to mee if you would goe along with mee. I beseech you if you see the wind chops about contrarie, & hold there, 

* Hist, of Lynn, pp. 115, 116; t p. ri2, Idem. 

X Plaine Dealing or Neiues from AWc EngUitid, pub. 1642. p. 97. 
** Felt. 

ft Annals 0/ Salem, p. 239. 
XX Savage's Cen. Dictionary. 

*** Mass. Hist. Coll., 2d series, Vol. V., p. 380. [Hubbard's Gen. Hist, of New Englaud] ; and Hutch. Call. Papers, pp. 159-60. Let 
ter dated " Gravesend, 4 Sept. 1646." 
Itt Hubbard, p. 379. 
tt{ Editor's .Mass. Hist. C'^//.— Letter found in Vol, VL. 4th seri.s. p ,8. [Winthrop Papers], S:u Hliithrop. VoKL, p, 75, 

come downe, I will beare your charges of the Post, & you shall doe no worse (but as much better as you will & I can 
helpe it) then I. Indeedc I thinke you should have beene with us before. I have lame winde boimd here these 5 
weekes, yet not daring to budge an inch, expecting everie day our ships coming, which have laine in like case this 
fortnight at Cowes. But this morning the wind springs up faire, & I hope the ships will be suddenly in with us. 
Good deare loving Sagamore, let us have your companie if possible. If you can be helpefull anie way to my poore 
famiUe I know you neede not be intreated. I heare they want monie. I pray speake to my good freind Mr. Waring 
(to whome, with his, my best respects with all thankes for all manner of kindness) I know hee will not see them in 
miserie that are cast upon them. About sixe pounds a month I suppose will doe their turne sufficiently, the rest I would 
gladly should goe to the paying of debts except that which you shall neede thereof, & by vertue hereof I inable you 
to take for your (if) emergent necessities. With my love & my love over cS: over & through & through I rest 
Your most affectionate foolish faithful! 


In a letter, dated "Salem, 29, 7, 48," Emanuel Downing writes "To his honored brother," 
Gov. Winthrop, expressing his desire that • ' the last Grant of the Court to Mr. Humphries of 
Cosen W." be "fearme"* [confirmed.?]. 

It will be observed that our history of Mr. Humfrey, after his return to England, is very 
incomplete. The slight glimpse we have of him, reveals to us a man burdened with anxiety for 
his family and encumbered with debts. We find no further mention of his name in connection 
with public affairs. He doubtless received a heart}- welcome from those who were in sympathy with 
him in his noble devotion to the cause for which he had sacrificed so much, while those who 
were opposed to this new enterprise treated him with coldness and indifference, if not with con- 
tempt. As for his friends whom he had left this side of the water, they no longer needed that he 
should fight their battles for them with the King and his Council, as he had so often done in former 

From a letter written by Roger Williams, we have reason to believe that Mr. Humfrey 's death 
occured in 1651, or early in 1652. It is addressed: "For my honourd kind friend Mr. John 
Wintrop at his house at Pequt in New England. ' 

" From Sir Henry Vane's at Whitehall f 
20, 2, 52. (so calld.) 
"Kind Sir, — Tis neere 2 in the morning, yet a line of my dearest remembrance to your loving selfe & yours, 
from whom I have receaved so many loving lines continually. Our old friend CoL. Humphries is gone, & lately 
allso Col. Cooke : yet blessed be God we lieue, & through the jawes of death are landed safe, & behould the won- 
ders, the Magnalia and Miranda Dei in England. I have seiit a large narration, both concerning Old England 
affaires & New, to Prouidence. I hope & desire you may see it,"| &c. Probably the death of Col. Humphries was 
mentioned in this document. 

Felt States that "Mr. Humfrey died before June 25th, 1661, when his son Joseph, and 
Edmund Batter were appointed administrators (b}- Quarterly Court Probate) of his estate in New 
England. " We have already mentioned the sale of his ' ' Swampscot Farm " to Lady Moody, and 
of other land to Emanuel Downing: both made b}- Mr. Humfrey before he left the country. We 
find also the following: March 12th, 1648-9. "Agreed by Salem that Marblehead (with allowance 
of General Court) shall be a town and the bounds to be the utmost extent of that land which 
was Mr. Humfrey's farme and sold to Marblehead. ' 

The administrators claimed the 500 acres "by a pond of fresh water" in Lynnfield, given 
him by the Court. 

"His lands were chiefly disposed of in 1681, when his daughter Ann sold ten acres to Wm. 
Bassett, Jr., and twenty acres with a house in Nahant street to Richard Hood. Robert Ingalls 
bought nine acres of the Swampscot Farm for ;^28o, and Richard Johnson had sixty acres of salt 
marsh for £10. The windmill of Sagamore Hill was valued at ;^6o. " 

* I\Iass. Hist. Coll., 4th series. Vol. VI., p. 69 ; % p. .286. 

t Mr. Williams was now in England, having sailed from Boston in November, 1651. He returned early in the summer of 1654, — See 
Mass. Hist. Coll.. 3d Series, Vol. X.. p. i.— Eds. 

"The whole of Mr. Humfrey's lands at Swampscot were about thirteen hundred acres, be- 
sides five hundred at Lvnnfield. In 1685, we find that Daniel King, Senior, having bought four 
hundred acres of this land, mortgages the same to widow Elizabeth Curwen, of Salem.* He after- 
wards married her and thus secured it; but in 1690 it was again mortgaged to Benjamin Burne, 
of Salem. March 20th, 1693, it was sold by Elizabeth and Daniel King to Walter and John 
Phillips, ancestors of the numerous and respectable family of Phillips. This tract of four hun- 
dred acres is mentioned as beginning at the farther end of the beach beyond Fishing Point, and 
extending to the west end of the Long Pond. Another description makes it extend to Beaver 
Brook, which is the little stream next eastward of Phillips Pond, and runs out at the bounds be- 
tween Lynn and Salem. Henry Mayo bought Fishing Point, which is the point next east of 
Swampscot, which he sold March loth. 1696, to Walter Phillips, for /'140. I\Ir. Humfrey's house 
and land adjacent was bought by Hon. Ebenezer Burrill, in whose family it remained until 1797, 
when it was bought by Robert Hooper, of Marblehead. In 1842, his daughter Hannah (widow of 
William Reed) sold it to Mr. Enoch Redington IMudge, of Lynn, who has built, near the old 
house, a beautiful gothic, stone cottage, worthy of the olden time.'f 

Very little information has been obtained concerning the sons of John Humfrey. 

'■John Humfrey, Jun.," from Lynn, was a member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Company in 1641.J He was probably twenty or thereabouts at that date. He is supposed to have 
returned to England. If John was living, we do not understand why Joseph, who was so much 
younger, should have been chosen to administer on his father's estate in New England, unless it 
might be because he was in this country. 

"Col. Humphreys" is mentioned in a letter dated Ely, July 18, 1653, from the Earl of 
Bedford and others to Secretary Thurloe.** 

"Col. Humfreyes' regiment" is alluded to in a letter dated "Jamaica. Torrington, the 25th 
June, 1656," from Admiral Godson to Secretary Thurloe. ff 

In the list of names of "Officers and Soldiers engaged in the American Expedition," who, 
during the year 1657, applied for "Arrears of Pay," or on whose account such applications were 
made by their "Widows or Representatives," is included that of "Col. John Humphreys," 9tli 
October; and, in the list for 1658, "Col. Humphreys, " 12th May.|J 

In a letter dated " Laus Deo in Dunkirk, 31 July, 1656, N. S. ,"' from Mr. John Arden to 
Mr. Robert Bostocke, it is stated that "On the 26th of this present month, here is brought up to 
Dunkirk, by two men of war, three great prizes with sea-coals coming from Newcastle, and bound 
for London — viz. Mr. John Humfrey, master of the Primrose of Ipswich, "" &c. Signed John Arden. 

' ' This inclosed is from poor prisoners, " *** &c. 

We are inclined to think that "Mr. John Humfrey, master of the Primrose" may have be- 
longed to the Assistant"s family, rather than "Col. John Humphreys,"" connected in some manner 
with the "American Expedition."' But we have thought best to add all of these records, as they 
may be of assistance in future researches. 

Joseph and Thomas Humfrey. — Savage gives the following: 
"Joseph Humfrey, of Lynn, son, I presume, of the preceding, [John Humfrey, the Assistant of the Colony,] 
bound on a voyage to England, made his will July 3, 1663, in which he speaks not of any near relatives, but disposes 
of the 300 acres given him by the General Court. Probably he never came back, but was killed at Lisbon, we may 
fear without reputable concomitants, for that will was proved October 23, 1672, evidence first being produced here, 
on the 5th of the same month, that ' about three years since he (deponent) h,ad helped to inter him,' without any 
elucidation of circumstances, as in tlic Probate Reg. of Wills, VIL. 251." 

* See Newhall's /Yis/. of Lyiin,^. 200. He does nol corroborate the statement of Lewis of sale of old house to Burrill. Burrill could 
not have bought a house aboul 1681, of dau. Ann, for he was not then three years old, pp. 201-2. 

t Lewis' Hisf. 0/ Lynn, pp. 1 17-18; X p. 106. 

•* Thurloe was Secretary, first to the Council of State, and then to the Two Protectors, Oliver .\nA Richard Cromwell. Tlnir/„r's 
Shite Papers, Vol. I., p. 358; Vol. IV., p. 232; ft Vol. V,, p. 152; *** Vol. V., p. 231. 

XX CalenJat of State Pupeis. 


"Thomas Humfrey, of Dover, 1660, married, December, 1665, at Hingham, Hannah Lane," bap. 24 Feb. 
1639, dau. of George, of Hingham in 1635, and Sarah his wife. "He probably lived at Pemaquid* in 1674, when 
he swore fidelity to Massachusetts, as Sept. 8tli, 1665, he took as good an oath to the Royal Commissioners, f 

Ann, daughter of John Humfrey, was born in England, but does not seem to have returned 
with her parents. Lewis states that ' ' she married William Palmer of Ardfinan, Ireland, and after- 
ward, the Rev. John Miles, of Swanzc}'. I have in my possession a deed signed b)- her, and sealed 
with the arms of the house of Lincoln." J 

We have not ascertained the date of her second marriage, but have obtained some interesting 
facts concerning her husband. ' ' John Myles ** was the elder of the first Baptist church in Wales, 
\vhich was founded at Swansea tf in 1649. This church, although its numbers were small at its com- 
mencement, had increased to three hundred in 1662, when he was ejected from his charge for non- 
conformity. He fled to America, bringing with him his church records written in Welsh, and 
followed by some adherents. In 1663, he founded the first Baptist church in the Plymouth colony, 
and older than any one in Massachusetts, at Wannamoiset. " J| A more detailed account is found 
in Barber's RIassachusetts Historical Collections : *** In the same year of his arrival, Mr. Myles formed 
a Baptist church in Rehoboth, the fourth formed in America. It was organized in the house of 
John Butterworth, and commenced with six members, besides the pastor. These and subsequent 
proceedings were deemed such an evil by the rest of the inhabitants of the town and of the col- 
ony generally, that the Court of Plymouth was called on to interfere. Each member of this new 
church was fined ^"5, and prohibited from worship for the space of one month ; and they were 
advised to remove from Rehoboth to some place where they might not prejudice any existing 
church. They accordingly removed to Wannamoiset, and erected a house near Kellej^'s bridge, on 
a neck of land now in the limits of Barrington, R. I. They afterwards erected another about half 
a mile from ' ' Myles 's bridge, " on the east side of Palmer's river. 

Although Mr. Myles had been punished for contumacy, while an inhabitant of Rehoboth,fff 
the disposition of the government becoming more tolerant, he was permitted to share in the grant of 
lands at Wannamoiset. 

"Captain Willett and Mr. Myles may be justly denominted the fathers of Swansey. '' JJJ The 
last-named was sufficiently liberal, disinterested and anxious for the settlement and prosperity of 
the new town to declare "that the ministers might take the liberty to baptise infants or grown 
persons, as the Lord shall persuade their consciences, and so also the inhabitants to take their lib- 
erty to bring their children to baptism, or forbear." — He is styled "an enlightened, learned and 
tolerant clergyman. " **** 

February 7th, 16 70-1. It was ordered "that all lots and divisions of land that are or here- 
after shall be granted to any particular person shall be proportioned according to the three ranks 
and written so, that where those of the first rank shall have three acres, those of the second rank 
shall have two acres, and those of the third rank shall have one acre." "Mr. John Myles, pas- 
tor," is in the first rank,t+++ 

* Pemaquid is now a part of the town of Bristol, Lincoln Co , Maine. There were several families of the name Humphrey resid- 
ing there in 1S83. 

t Savage's Gen. Dictionary. 

X History of Lynn, p. 117 : Savage states that Ann, the eldest daughter, was married at Salem, probably to W'm. Palmes of S.; and 
next to Rev. John Myles of Swansey, The wife of the last-named ''was Ann, the daughter of John Humphrey." Allen's Biog. Diction- 
ary, p. 577- 

** Or Miles. 

tt Ilston, near Swansea in South Wales, 1649. Allen's Biog. Dictionary, p. 577. 

XX Baylies' Memoir 0/ Plymouth Colony, Vol I., p. 214; tit p. 243; »"» p. 242; tftf p. 244 .Settlers of Swanseyl. 

*** Pages 139-41. 

ttt Swansey was incorporated as a town in 1667, It derived its name from Swansea in Wales, and was so spelled in the earliest 
records. It comprised within its limits the present town and Somerset in Massachusetts, and Barrington and the greater part of Warren 
in Rhode Island. Rehoboth was incorporated in 1645, and that part of Swansey which was Wannamoiset was included in it. — Baylies' 
Memoir of Plymottth Colony, Vol. I., p. 241 : Barber's Mass. l^isi. Collections. 


"The Indian War which broke out in June, 1675, overwhelmed Swansey in the first blast of 
its rage, and left this thriving settlement, in less than a week, a desolation and a wreck. " * At 
this period the house of ]Mr. Myles was garrisoned. He retired to Boston ; and was instrumental in 
establishing the first Baptist church there, in 1679. — But the pastor is sorely missed by his former 
charge: On the 21st of May, 1678, "Mr. John Allen and John Brown were chosen to draw up a 
letter in the behalf of the church and town, to be sent to Mr. John Myles pastor of the church and 
minister of the town, manifesting our desires of his return to us." November 26th of the same }ear, 
' ' It was voted for the encouragement of Mr. Myles in the work of the ministry amongst us, t(j pay 
to the said Mr. John Myles si.xty pounds yearly, thirty pounds in provision at money price, and 
thirty pounds in current country pay. And whereas Mr. John Myles desires to be accomodated w^ith 
a servant, horses and cart, and other conveniences for his comfortable subsistence, the town doth 
promise to give to the said Mr. Myles the sum of four pounds in money, which may procure the 
said conveniences, which four pounds is to be paid at the end of the year after the coming of Mr. 
Myles amongst us." .\s Mr. Myles receipts for this sum, March 13th, 1681, it is probable he re- 
turned to Swansey early in 1680. 

September 30th, 1679, ^^ ^^'^^ \-oted to build a meeting-house. — The former one had prob- 
ably been burnt by the Indians, although no mention is made of it. 

Mr. Myles died February 3d, i683.f "He was a man of learning and of elevated 
views ; there was little in his creed or practice different from those of the other clergymen of the 
colony, but doubts as to the propriety and efficacy of administering the rile of baptism to infants, 
and more expanded and liberal principles ; yet his conscience was sufficiently scrupulous, as his 
pilgrimage in the wilderness may testify.'' 

"The wife of Mr. Myles, whose name was Anne, survived him. His son John Myles, the 
first town-clerk of Swansey, was educated at Cambridge. Samuel Myles the son (or grandson) of 
the Swansey minister, was the second rector of King's Chapel, Boston, to which office he was in- 
ducted June 29th, 1689; and died March 4th, 1729. It is worthy of remark that the descendant 
of one who was driven to America by the terrors of Episcopacy should have embraced Episcopacy 
there, where it was disarmed of its terrors, so soon after the death of his ancestor. " X 

Savage states that Rev. John Myles "left widow Ann, daughter of John Humphrey, and 
children: John, Susanna, and Samuel, then, says his will, at college, H. C. 1684." 

B@" Should additional records of the descendants of Lt, Gov. John Humfrey be obtained, 
they will be added in a future number of this work. 

* Baylies' Memoir of Plymouth Colony, Vol. 1., p. 249; t Vol. 11., pp. 93-4. 
t Allen's Biog. Dictionary, p. 577, 




CO. SUFFOLK, 151 7.* 

"In noie Dei, Amen, in the yere of our Lorde God MCCCCCXVij, the first day of Marche, I Richarde 
Umfrey, Gierke, Vicar of the church of All Seynts of Metynghm beying in good and hool myndc, make my 
testamente and laste wille undre this fourme foUowyng. First, I comende my soule to Almyghtie God, to our 
blyssed Ladye, and to the celestyall Courte in Hevyn. And my bodye to be buryed in the Chauncell of Metyng- 
hm forsad byfor the sepultur and grave of Syr John Arcente, my predecessor. And at the daye of my buryeng 
I will that the maist of the College in Metynghm forsad shall have xx.J And every brodre of the same College 
xij."' And evy yoman servaunte abidyng in the said College shall have iiij,'' and evy other servaunte and childe 
of the Almouse ther ij.'' Also I will that evy other priste that shalbe at my buryeng shall have iiij.'' Also I will 
that at the same daye of my buryeng the Ladye Prioresse of the monastye in Bongey shall have xij.'t And evy other 
Lady of the same monastye vj.'i and their convente priste viij,"! to praye for my soule. Also I bequeath to evy hous- 
solder in the said pysshe of Metynghm wheras am man and wiflf, viij.'l And to evy other p'son ]'' at the sad daye 
to praye for my soule and all crysten soules. Also I gyff and bequeth to the maist of the forsad College and to his 
brodren all that my Tent called Pyrtewell in Metynghm w' the gardeyn and the cloos to the sad tent belonging wt 
thapptenents, undre this condicon, that the said maist and his brodren shall hold my anny'v'sary yerly w' placebo 
and dirige and masse of Requiem for my soule, my fadres and modres soules, for my fryndes soules, and all cristen 
soules. And moreov the sad maist and his brodren shall gyff to thoos p'sones that shall rynge at Metynghm Church 
forsaid in the tyme of saying or syngyng of placebo and dirige at the said daye of my anny'v'sary oon caste of 
brede and oon gallon of drynk. Also I gyff and bequeth to the Tounesshippe of Metynghm forsaid oon acr of londe 
lyeng among the londes of the said tounesshippe undre this condison, that the Churchwardeyns of the same pysshe 
shall gyffe yerly at the daye of my anny'v'ssary to the Vicar of the sad church of Metynghm, or to his Depute 
ther saying or syngyng placebo and dirige for my soule, my fryndes soules, and for all crysten soules iiij.'' And to 
offer j'' at Masse. Also I will that my cooffeoffes shall dely or cause to be delyv'ed a state and seisyne of the forsaid 
tent, and all other landes forsade to the p'fourmaunce of this my laste will, when so ev ther shall be required by my 
Executors. Also I will have an honest seculer priste to syng and praye for my soule, my fryndes soules, and for all 
crysten soules, by the space of twoo yers and longer yf yt may extende of my Goodes. Also I gyff and bequeth 
to the Cathedrall Church of the hooly Trinite of Norwych.t vj* viij.'^ Also I bequeth to the forsaid Church of 
Metynghm my vestymente of blewe Velvett powdered w' flowres. And my chalice for to remayn to the same 
church as long as ther shall endur. And to the gyldyng of the Tabernacle of Seynt Mychael in the sad church 
XX. » Also I gyff and bequeth to the Ladye Prioresse of the monast ye in Bongay oon Gomi w' the hoode. And to 
Dame Anne Page oon goun w' the hoode and vj« viij.'' Also I bequeth to Mr. Thomas Wylkynes wiff a goun w> 
the hoode: to Mr. Reeves wiff a Goun \v' the Hood: to Hamonde Lynstedes wife a Goun with the Hood. And to 
John Rooses wife a Goun w' the Hood. Also I bequeth to Rob" Arwarde my lesser ffedrebedde with the bolster. 
The residue of all my Goodes w' my detts not bequethed I gyff and bequeth to the Disposicon and orderyng of 
Mayster Richarde Shelton, Clerk, and Sir Richard Wyburgh, priste, whom I ordeyn and make my Executors of 
this my Testamente and lastwille, thei to distrisbute and dispose them in Dedys of Charite to the most laude and 
praysyng of Almyghty God for the welth and pfyte of my soule, my fryndes soules, and for all cristen soules. 
" Geveyne the daye and yer above wryten." 

* Suckling says of him in Hist, of Co. Suffolk, pub. 1846 ; Vol. I., p. 181 : "In 1517, he gave to ihe poor of this parish lands, now 
let at j£32. ■]s. bd. The original deed is — or was lately — in the parish chest, and is dated 'apud Metyngham, ultimo die mensis Maij 
Anno regni Regis Henrici septimo.' 

"As the above Richard Umfrey was also a liberal benetactor to the parish in other ways, I transcribe his short will, which con- 
tains many very curious and interesting particulars, illustrative of the manners and customs of his period." 

t See pp. II and 37, may have belonged to the Humlrey family of Norwich, as the name is found there at a very early date: — 

WiLLiAivi FiTZ Humphry was Archdeacon of Norwich, 1124, and 1st Archdeacon of Sudbury. 1126; was living in 1146. [See p. 28.] 
— Blomefield's Hist. 0/ Co. Norfolk. Vol. II]., pp. 638, 646. 

Blomefield stales that '• Ridlesworth is a rectory in Norfolk archdeaconry, and Rockland deanery. This town is called in Domes- 
day KedcUfuiiorda, that is the village abounding with reeds. It belonged to Orgar, a freeman, at the Confessor's survey, and to HuM- 
FRV, son of Alberic, at the Conqueror's, who had only this in the county ; it always had a carucate in demean, and was half a league 
long and as much broad, and paid xi.d. 06. geld. {Trrre Humfridi filij Alherici, H. Gildtrross.] This afterwards became the lordship 
of Ralf Peverell, of whose honour of Peverell it was held, at the fourth part of a fee." — Vol. 1., p. 276. 

Suckling gives: — "St. George South Elmham ^Co. Suffolk), called also Saint Cross from the armorial cognizance of that saint, — and 
Sandcroft from the sandy nature of the soil where the church is situated,— is a rectory consolidated with Homersfield in 1767." The rec- 
tor of St. George, 1329-46, was "Ol.iv: fii. : Jois Humfrey— patron Robert de Sandcruft." [Jois is probably a contraction for Johann's, 
Latin for John.] 

Thomas HumfRV was rector of Benacre church (Co. Suffolk , 1554. Patron the King. The date of his successor is 1575.— Vol. I., 
pp. 207-11 : Vol, IT,, p. 130. 



iIN: — 










1. Facsimile of Letter to Michael Humphreys, the American Ancestor, from his 

Parents in England, 1648 Page 99. 

2. Facsimile of Letter from Lt. Nathaniels Humphreys, (dated Camp Fort Ontario, 

1760) to his Father, John Humphreys, Esq Page 136. 

3. Facsimile of Letter from John'' Humphrey, Esq., 1759, '^ his son Major Elihu.s 

then in Camp, in the French War Page 137. 

4. Facsimile of Letter from Lake George, Sept. 8, 1755, giving an account of the 

Battle of that date) — probably written by Jonathan Humphrey. [See Fam 
.17, S.^] Page 137. 

5. Facsimile of Tabular Statement of "Killed, Wounded and Missing," in the action of 

July 8, 1758 — copied by Dudley Humphre_\-. [See Fam. 10 (124), J.'^] Page 137. 

6. Portrait of Colonel David Humphreys Page 151. 

7. Col. David Humphreys, A. D. C. , delivering to Congress the Trophies taken at 

Yorktown, Va. , 1 78 1 Page 1 54. 

S. Facsimile of Letter from D. Humphreys, A. D. C. , — dated Headquarters, Jan. 

23, 1783 Page 1 58. 

9. Facsimile of Letter from Gen. Washington, dated June 2, 1784, commending Col. 
David Humphreys to Benjamin Franklin, Minister Plenipotentiary at the French 
Court Page 1 59. 

10. Facsimile of the Gold Medal presented to Col. David Humphreys, by the Massa- 
chusetts Society for Promoting Agriculture, 1802 Page 162. 

I i. Portrait of Alfred Humphreys^ Pease Page 200. 




What was the relationship existing between Ozias Humphry, (whose purity of blood and re- 
spect in arms is vouched for as an unquestioned fact, by Boswell, in his Life of Johnson, as 
noted on page 60 of this work) and Michael Humphrey, the ancestor of the American Family? 

This is a legitimate question, requiring a candid and considerate answer. It is, however, 
a less important question than it would have been did we seek to deduce a lineage direct from 
Ozias Humphr}'. This, however, is not attempted ; we seek only to show that Ozias Humphry, 
of Honiton, Devonshire, and Michael Humphrey, of Lyme Regis, Dorsetshire, belonged to collateral 
branches of one and the same family, having a common ancestor. 

It is less important, again, from another fact, fully disclosed in the preceding pages, which 
very clearly establishes the great antiquity and former renown of the family ; so that, the history 
and prominence of Ozias Humphry, and the formal indorsement of his blood and lineage by so 
respectable an authority as Boswell, might be entirely obliterated without prejudice to the ancient 
renown or respect of the family on the claim of relationship. 

The facts and considerations tending to establish this relationship are, briefly : — Descendants 
of Michael Humphrey find themselves in possession of these six coats of arms, the marshalling of 
which forms the frontispiece of this volume, and which are also noted, being Nos. i, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 
14 of the forty-two of the several arms depicted on pages 52 to 57. The description of these arms, 
as will be seen, bears the written signature of Ozias Humphry, R.A. They came into the possession 
of the family in this manner : When Col. David Humphreys, of whom presently, was in London 
on one of his many journeys to Madrid and Lisbon, while JNIinister Plenipotentiary to Spain 
and Portugal, at the close of the Revolution, he made the acquaintance of this Ozias Humphry, 
then in the zenith of his renown as a Member of the Royal Academy and painter to the King and 
Royal Famil}'. They, doubdess, talked over the connection or consanguinity, and upon the set- 
tlement of this question, presumabl}- to their mutual satisfaction, Ozias Humphry furnished 


Col. David Humphreys with four diflferent papers referring to the subject, viz: — (i), the Mar- 
shalling of the six coats of arms above-mentioned, painted by hand, and a facsimile of which 
is given in the frontispiece of this work (except that the ' ' veil " has been thrown over it and the 
word " Humphreys " introduced beneadi) ; (2), the description of the arms, evidenUy from the 
Herald's College, in London, as made and attested by Shielde, and to which is affixed the 
attest of "Ozias Humphry, R. A. " (also lithographed in facsimile); (3), the portrait of Ozias 
Humphry (also engraved in facsimile opposite page 59) ; and finall}- (4th),. Ozias Humphry's 
book-plate (of which a facsimile is given as the heading of his biograph}-, page 59). 

It is difficult to see how any unofficial act could well have been more formally attested 
than was this, between these strangers, whose only apparent bond of interest was a similarity of 
name. When we reflect upon the jealousy with which all high-bred Englishmen cling to ancestral 
honors, and the promptness with which they resent any intrusion upon their blood or rank ; and 
when we take into consideration that this event occurred just at the close of a long and blood}' war, 
in which one of these parties had taken a most conspicuous part, and when the entire popular English 
sentiment towards all Americans must have been one of mingled bitterness and contempt ; we realize 
how utterly impossible such a transaction would have been, had it not been founded in justice 
and truth. And while, on the one hand, we could not suppose that Ozias Humphry would have lent 
his name and aid to perpetrate a fraud like this ; we must, on the other, invest the character of Col. 
David Humphreys with entirely new attributes in order to believe that he would accept, or for a 
moment retain, or perpetuate, such a delusion. Yet these several documents were carefully kept and 
cherished by Col. Humphreys during his life-time, and at his sudden death, were found carefully 
preserved among his papers, by his nephew William Humphre3's, and — by the widow of the latter — 
having long been preserved and framed, were placed in the hands of the writer. 

It should also be remembered that, during his residence abroad, Col. Humphreyp became 
the suitor and married the daughter antl sole heiress of a prominent and wealthy English Mer- 
chant, residing at Lisbon. Of the particulars of this alliance we are without any intimate data, 
but the eminent respectability and vast wealth of the family are clearly set forth. In the history 
of Derby, Conn., the statement is made that the income of Col. David, from the property of 
Madam Humphreys, was ^30,000 per year. If it was even one-fifth of thai sum it was a very 
large income for those days, and is evidence of the standing and influence of the family. 
Whatever the amount may have been, it was clearly suflicient to maintain the Colonel and 
his wife in a style of affluence and luxury, and to enable him to expend very large sums in 
travel and in the enterprise of founding the manufacture of wool and cottons in Derby, leaving 
also a large fortune in the hands of ^Nladam Humphreys at his death. In the prosecution 
of a suit for the lady's hand, it must have occurred to him that the establishment of his 
connection and lineage with a family of respectability and renown was important, and may, in 
part, account for the formality manifested in the attestation and transfer to him of these heral- 
dic documents by Ozias Humphry, R. A. Quite recently, one of the name, in seeking an alli- 
ance with a Spanish lady of wealth and ftimily, met with the same obstacle on the part of the 
guardians of the lady, and which was also removed by the production of the same evidences of 
ancient blood and lineage as in the previous instance. 


There is, also, presumptive evidence that a knowledge of the localit}' of the English Kins- 
folk, had been preserved among the descendants of the Emigrant jNIichael, so that Col. David was 
at no loss where to seek, and to whom to apply, for the information he desired. The father of 
Col. David — the Rev. Daniel Humphrey's, tme of the most accomplished clergymen of his day, was 
only the great grandson of Michael the Emigrant : and it would have been strange if a man of his 
knowledge and general information should not ha\e known the origin and English connections of 
the family. The facts clearly point in the direction of such traditionary knowledge. 

It will be noted that Honiton, the birth-place of Ozias Humphrey, and Lyme Regis, the 
place whence the letter from the parents of Michael was dated, are but a few miles apart ; and also, 
that Dorchester, from whence Gov. John Humfrey and his associates in the founding of the Col- 
ony of Massachusetts Bay originated, was in the immediate localitv. This, I think, confirms the 
position, that the efforts and prominence C)f Gov. John Humfrey in the founding rif the IMassa- 
chusetts Bay Colonv, was known to Michael and his father's family, and mav have served as an 
inducement to his venture. The argument from localit}' is less conclusive or important in the case 
of a family like the Humphreys, where an enterprising, self-reliant disposition, urging them to new 
fields and new enterprises is paramount, than it would be if applied to a family of the usual, or dif- 
ferent habits and characteristics. But. in this case, it is not without its value as confirmative 

There is a strong probability that during the turbulent times from 1640 to 1660 in the 
course of which England, and notably the country about Lyme Regis and the town itself \\as the 
scene of frequent conflict between the Loyal and Parliamentary forces, and the consequent inse- 
curity of the persons and property of the people, that Samuel Humphrey may have removed with his 
family and property to St. Malo. just across the Channel. This would be the more probable, if, 
as we conjecture, he may have been in trade, and that this removal to St. Malo, at first adopted 
as an expedient to save his goods or property, was found to be so satisfactory that this old seaport 
ultimately became his permanent residence. This removal would account for the shipments of 
goods, and business subsequently conducted between Michael tlumphrejs, at Windsor, and his 
brother Samuel and his partner Henry Rose, at St. Malo, Brittany. This mercantile connection, at 
first possibly between Samuel Humphrey the elder and his son Michael, in 1643, between Lyme 
Regis, England, and Windsor, Connecticut, may have been continued after the removal of the 
parent to St. Malo, and after the death of the latter was in like manner continued by his son 
Samuel. Eifteen years later a difficulty occurring in the settlement of accounts between them, 
leads to a judicial decision which becomes a matter of record, and so these business transactions 
are preserveii and brought tu light. 

It will, finall}-, also be noticed that the physiognomy and traits of haracter of the older 
Humphreys, aS observed in their history, has a family resemblance which will be '-eatlily recognized 
b}' those who are acquainted with the subject. 

The portrait of Ozias Humphry is a very distinctive Humphrey face and profile, as we 
know it in these days. It finds its exact counterpart in numerous individuals, and is so frequently 
met with and recognized as to require only calling attention to the likeness. The mental char- 
acteristics are the same, without even considering the change of times and i-nstitutions under which 


the ancient and the modern Humphreys have lived, — the love of enterprise, the self-reliant spirit and 
contempt of danger and disaster, which made itself known and felt in the Crusades, the Conquest, 
the wars of the Plantagenet Kings of England ; the founding of the East India Company ; the found- 
ing of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut. The religious vein, from the old Hum- 
fredus Sanctus in Normandy, in 860, the Archdeacons of Salisbury,* and Humphrey de Basingborne, 
Humphrey of Dorset and Humphrey of Wilts ; the musical genius and poetic temperament 
noted in the hfe, habits and manner of thought, of the historic Humphreys— are all, in some- 
times painful exactness, reproduced here in the Humphreys as I have known them. A perusal 
of the biographies, as they will appear in the farther progress of the work, will fully sustain 
and confirm the intimation or assertion made above. We could mention several remarkable in- 
stances illustrative of this observation, were it not to anticipate what will, hereafter, be made clear; 
or, if it did not seem to savor of ostentation. 

My conclusion is that Michael Humphreys is of the branch of the family who settled in 
the "West of England" soon after the conquest, and that Michael, Gov. John, and Ozias, were of 
collateral branches of the same historic family. 

Sussex Aych. CoUecii&ns. — Richard de la Wych, Bishop of Chichester, commonly called "Saint Richard," who died A. D. 1253^ 
made numerous bequests in his will, which was written in Latin. Among others: — " Itevi Fi-atri Hu^nfredo iticluso de Pagehavi XL 
Solidos : (Also to Friar Humphrey, the recluse of Pageham, 40 shillings.) The recluse, when once inclosed within his cell, was locked 
in for life, and frequently even walled up. This could only take place by the special licence of the diocesan bishop, who put his seal 
upon the cell with certain solemnities. The probabihty of the recluse receiving sufficient nourishment from the alms of the pious was 
always taken into consideration on permitting a cell to be devoted to this purpose, and it was therefore usually fixed in populous towns, 
commonly near a church, and sometimes, it not generally, so placed that the altar might be seen from it." (Vol, I., p. 175.) 

In Subsidy Roll for County Sussex, Erightehelmston, Whalesbone Hundred, 1621, occur the names; "Thomas Humfrey, in goodes, 
;^3. 5J. od. John HirMFREV, in landes, Izo. 2s. 8^^'."— (Vol. IX., p. 78.) 

Subsidy Roll for County Sussex, Chichester, 1640 ;— one of the commissioners for that city was Stephen Humphreys, gt. — (Vol. 
IX., p. 105}. 

Extracts from Journal and Account-book of Rev. Giles Moore, Rector of Horstead Keynes, Sussex, from 1655 to 1679. An early 
entry is: — " Payd to John Humphrey for 3 dayes worke 3^-." 

"14th April, 1663-4. "On this day there was a full conclusion put to the controversy between Humphrey and mee, he paying 
mee for his share of the tythes of Broadhurst 50.?. for the yeare 1661, and for the small tythes of 1662, j$s. I being left to recover 
what I can from Mistresse Lightmaker. All this cost mee £y. os. lod. which was foolishly cast away upon lawyers, having been mis- 
lead sillily by Mr. Orgle. Hee who goes to law, when hee can possibly avoid it, is an absolute foole, and one that loveth to bee 
fleeced. I ever got by losing, and lost by striving to get. On the 23d of June I buryed Rd. Humphrey, and so lost all which was 
before agreed upon, and promised to bee payed." (Vol. I., pp. 67, 70.) 

[See pages 35, 36, also p. 37, &.C., Miscellaneous Humphreys, for Sussex families in Firsi Ni(mber.'\ 

* In the paragraph upon Archdeacons of Salisbury, page gg, it will be noted that "The Bishop of Evreux was present," at the 
first service held in the Cathedral of Salisbury, after its renovation, in 1225. Attention is called to the fact, stated on page 17, (line 5, 
note), that "at Am/rez'ille, near Evreux, which is a very ancient city, and capital of the department of the Eure on the Iton, (Nor- 
mandy) at a later date [than 896] was the seat of the Umfreville family," etc.; — which intimates a connection between the bishop of 
Evreux in Normandy, and Humphrey, the Archdeacon of Wilts. 


The first known appearance on American soil, of this emigrant ancestor of one, and tiie 
largest, branch of the Humphreys Family, is at Ancient Windsor, Connecticut. 

Concerning his settlement there, several circumstances require to be taken into consideration in 
fixing the date and probable mode of his arrival. The settlement at Windsor was made by emi- 
grants from Dorchester, INIass. ; * "who, attracted by the better land and climate of Connecticut, 
removed there in numbers sufficient to protect themselves from the Indians eri route. After 
their setdement, lists were made of the several parties who left Dorchester, and of those who 
arrived at Windsor, but on these lists INIichael Humphreys* name does not appear. "j" We first 
know of him, in 1643, as engaged in the manufacture of tar and turpentine, with one John Griffin, 
at IVIassaco (now Simsbury), then a wilderness a few miles west of the Windsor settlement. These 
articles being in much demand for the use of the British Navy and Marine, generally comman- 
ded a ready sale at high prices ; and, with furs, were almost the only articles at that time allowed 
to be exported by the colonies. | A letter from his father and mother — Samuel and Susannah Hum- 
phreys, is extant, dated Lyme, Eng., Jan., 1648, in which the latter laments that she has not 
information from him then for many months and was anxious to know of his health ; and, also, 
how his "passages" go with him; or, as I interpret it, how his ''voyages" had turned out. He 
was then a young man, having married the daughter of a conspicuous Windsor resident, Matthew 
Grant, in 1647 ; and the letter manifests the tender solicitude of a mother for a son who has re- 
cently emerged from her immediate care and counsels. 

* Trumbull states that this "honorable company" was derived from Devonshire, Dorsetshire and Somersetshire. 

t "Perhaps he had been at Dorchester," says Savage, Gefiealogics of Xexv England, but gives no grounds for his conjecture. 
The loss, or destruction, of some of the very earliest records, of both Dorchester and Windsor, throws an obscurity over our investi- 
gations as to this point. Of Dorchester records we are informed Hist, of Dorchester, 1859, preface, p. iv ; p. 38.^ " Nearly 
four years elapsed after the settlement began, before the present town organization of Massachusetts was formed ; and during 
the period of plantation existence few records were made except grants of land. * * The early transactions are doubtless 

much obscured by the removal to Connecticut, in 1635-6, of a large number of the prominent men of the first settlers, taking with them 
the church records. Diligent inquiry has in vain been made for those memorials. The present town record book probably commenced 
with the settlement in 1630, but the first two leaves, containing four pages, which may be supposed to have been the record of the first 
transactions of the plantation, are wanting, and were probably lost before IMr. Blake compiled his Annals, more than one hundred years 
ago." In giving the list of all the Grantees of Dorchester lands, whose names appear in the Town Records previous to January, 1636, 
it IS stated that it ''comprises all the first settlers, excepting such as may have appeared on the missing pages /probably very few) and 
whose names were not repeated." '"The town records of Windsor, or Dorchester, as it was first called, ; Stiles^ Hist, and Genealogies 
of Ancient Windsor, Conn. 1859,' prior to 1650, having crumbled away under the remorseless tooth of Time, we have undoubtedly lost 
much which it would be both pleasant and profitable to know. Yet from the Colonial Documents, and such fragmentary manuscripts as 
have escaped the ravages of time and neglect, we are enabled to trace, in outline at least, the growth and development of the infant 
town during the first fifteen eventful years of its existence." Yet there is but little doubt that the statement of our opening 

+ The manufacture, there, of pitch and tar was commenced and carried on at Massaco, now Simsbury, as early as 1643, by Michael 
Humphrey and John Griffin, then of Windsor, though, subsequently, both of them became inhabitants of Simsbury. At first they had a 
partner by the name of John Tinker, who afterwards settled as a merchant at New London. An Indian deed of this territory was given, 
in 1648, by Manahanoose to John Griffin, in consideration that the grantor had kindled a fire which, in its progress, had consumed a 
large quantity of pitch and tar belonging to Mr. Griffin. It was stated that "he was the first that had perfected the art of making pitch 
and tar in those parts." Dwight informs us that, in 1646, "the Indians of Windsor were in a very hostile state. They burned a quan- 
tity of tar and turpentine, rescued by force one whom the officers had seized, and threatened messengers afterward sent to them ; but 
the commissioners of the United Colonies thought it best only to warn them, against future misconduct of the kind." — History 0/ Con- 
necticut, p. 113. 

In 1662, a statement of his affairs is made in tlie records of the General Court, concerning large 
invoices of goods shipped to him from St. Rlalo, in Brittany, by his brother Samuel ^nd his partner 
— Henry Rose, and which had become the subject of litigation ; Humphreys claiming an offset for 
time and expenses in London, voyage and time- in Barbadoes, etc., which should be allowed him. 
Now the inference seems quite plain that Michael Humphreys came to ^^'indsor, by way of the Con- 
necticut River, — direct from some English Port, — possibly from Lyme, which is only across the channel 
from St. Malo ; and was, all the earlier years of his life, engaged in mercantile operations, bringing goods 
to Windsor, and taking thence tar and turpentine on his return voyages. Tliis accounts for our not 
finding his name among those of the emigrants from Dorchester, or upon the very early town rec- 
ords ; while it places him in his own sphere as a merchant trading in the commodities of the 
country ; this one only of his (doubtless, man)-) adventures coming to light through the record vf 
the Court, while it also accounts for his position and influence in after-life as an educated, traveled 
man of large experience in business affairs. 

The next item of interest which we find, concerning Michael Humphrey, is his marriage, 
October 14, 1647, t*^ Priscilla, (born 14 Sept., 1626) the daughter of Ma-tthew Grant, of Windsor. 
Mr. Grant was one of the original company that came over in the ship "Mary and John, to Dor- 
chester, in 1630; and removed thence among the ver}' earliest to Windsor,* in 1635. He was a man 
of position and influence in the Town and Church, was the second Town-Clerk, and the compiler of 
the OM Church Record, "which, in the absence of some of the earliest records of the town, assumes," 
says Stiles, "a value which can scarcely be over estimated. "f Ex-President U. S. Grant is (.in 
the seventh generation) one of his many descendants. Mr. Humphreys marriage to Matthew 
Grant's daughter was, therefore, no mean testimony to the social position and consideration enjoyed 
by the young trader in the new community. 

This marriage is alluded to in the following letter (already referred to on page 97), from 
his parents in the Old Country ; a letter alike interesting because of its being the earliest and only 
family document preserved in Michael's time; and because of the touching maternal love and 
piety which breathes in its every line. 

"I.yme 24 January 1648" 
"My Endeared Son 

I liave not reed one line from you this 10 months and now the intent is only to entreat you that" 
"you would be pleased to write me a line or two whether you may come on to me or no and also of the livelihood" 
"in that place. If dead I shall entreat the pity to whom this may belong to return me an answer if by any" 
"means possible; that so I may know how passages | dus [do] go with you or any whom it may concern. And" 
"indeed I have a long time waited upon the most high God, now he hath been pleased through the riches of his" 
"mercy to declare his love unto me being a nothing -creature. I must say as the Psalmist doth. Oh the depth" 
"of the love of God bestowed upon me a nothing-creature! I have found the goodness of God working abun-" 
"dantly for and through the riches of his mercy towards me. Oh the fullness of joy and sweetness is found by" 
"me in the Lord Jesus! I do speak unto thee even this language; Come my son, come my dear, be not dis-" 

* "The original boundaries of the town were very extensive, being about forty-six miles m circumference, lying on both sides of 
Connecticut river." — Barber's Conn. Hist. Colicctions. Concerning the origin of the name Windsor we find : — 

March nth, 1657-8, at a session of the General Court in Hartford, "the plantation at Pequet is named New London, wH' a pre- 
able to bee inserted about the same." Said preamble was as follows ; 

"Whereas, it hath bene a comendablc practice of ye inhabitants of all the Collonies of these parts, that as this Countrey hath its 
denomination from our deare native Countrey of England, and thence is called New England, soe the planters, in their first setting of 
most new Plantations haue giuen names to those Plantations of some Citties and Townes in England, thereby intending to keep vp and 
leaue to posterity the memoriall of seuerall places of note there, as Boston, Hartford, W-indsor, York, Ipswitch, Brantree, Exeter, — This 
Court, considering that there hath yet noe place in any of the Collonies bene named in memory of ye Citty of London, there being a 
new plantation within this Jurisdiction of Connecticut soiled vpon ye faire Riuer of Monhegin, in ye Pequut Countrey, it being an excel- 
lent harbour and a fit and convenient place for future trade, it being alsoe the only place w'' ye English of these parts haue possessed 
by conquest, and yt by a very iust war vpon yt great and warlike people, ye Pequots, that therefore they might therhy leaue to pos- 
terity the memory of yt renouned citty of London, from whence we had our transportation, haue thought fit, in honour to that famous 
Citty, to cal yf said Plantation, New London." — Colcnial Records 0/ Connecticut, Vol. L, p. 313. 

1 Hist, of ll'indsor, p. 635. 

X Passasres — a common word of the time as applied to "voyages": or "business affairs. " 



In 1662, a statement of his affairs is made in the records of the General Court, concerning large 
invoices of goods shipped to him from St. Malo, in Brittany, by his brother Samuel ^nd his partner 
— Henry Rose, and which had become the subject of litigation; Humphreys claiming an offset for 
time and expenses in London, voyage and time- in Barbadoes, etc., which should be allowed him. 
Now the inference seems quite plain that Michael Humphreys came to Windsor, by way of the Con- 
necticut River, — direct from some English Port, — possibly from L3me, which is onl}- across the channel 
from St. Malo ; and was, all the earlier years of his life, engaged in mercantile operations, bringing goods 
to Windsor, and taking thence tar and turpentine on his return voyages. This accounts for our not 
finding his name among those of the emigrants from Dorchester, or upon the very early town rec- 
ords ; while it places him in his own sphere as a merchant trading in the commodities of the 
country ; this one only of his (doubdess, many) adventures coming to light through the record (_f 
the Court, while it also accounts for his position and influence in after-life as an educated, traveled 
man of large experience in business affairs. 

The next item of interest which we find, concerning Michael Humphrey, is his marriage, 
October 14. 1647, to Priscilla, (born 14 Sept., 1626) the daughter of Matthew Grant, of Windsor. 
Mr. Grant was one of the original company that came over in the ship "Mary and John, to Dor- 
chester, in 1630; and removed thence among the very earliest to Windsor,* in 1635. He was a man 
of position and influence in the Town and Church, was the second Town-Clerk, and the compiler of 
the Old Church Record, ' ' which, in the absence of some of the earliest records of the town, assumes, " 
says Sides, "a value which can scarcely be over estimated. "f Ex-President U. S. Grant is ("in 
the seventh generation) one of his many descendants. Mr. Humphre3''s marriage to Matthew 
Grant's daughter was, therefore, no mean testimony to the social position and consideration enjoyed 
by the young trader in the new community 

This marriage is alluded to in the following letter (already referred to on page 97), from 
his parents in the Old Country ; a letter alike interesting because of its being the earliest and only 
family document preserved in Michael's time; and because of the touching maternal love and 
piety which breathes in its every line. 

"Lyme 24 January 1648" 
" My Endeared Son 

I liave not reed one line from you tliis 10 months and now the intent is only to entreat you that" 
'you would be pleased to write me a line or two whether you may come on to me or no and also of the livelihood" 
' in that place. If dead I shall entreat the pity to whom this may belong to return me an answer if by any " 
' means possible : that so I may know how passages | dus [do] go with you or any whom it may concern. And " 
'indeed I have a long time waited upon the most high God, now he hath been pleased through the riches of his" 
' mercy to declare his love unto me being a nothing-creature. I must say as the Psalmist doth. Oh the depth " 
' of the love of God bestowed upon me a nothing-creature ! I have found the goodness of God working abim-" 
' dantly for and through the riches of his mercy towards me. Oh the fullness of joy and sweetness is found by " 
'me in the Lord Jesus! 1 do speak unto thee even this language; Come my son, come my dear, be not dis-" 

^ " Ttie original boundaries of llie town were very e-\tensi\'e, being about forty-six miles in circumference, lying on both sides of 
Connecticut river." — Barber's Conn. Hist. Collections. Concerning the origin of the name Windsor we find : — 

March nth, 1657-8, at a session of the Genera] Court in Hartford, "the plantation at Pequet is named New London, wU' a pre- 
able to bee inserted about the same." Said preamble was as follows: 

" Whereas, it hath bene a comendable practice of ye inhabitants of all the Collonies of these parts, that as this Countrey hath its 
denomination from our deare native Countrey of England, and thence is called New England, soe the planters, in their first setting of 
most new Plantations haue giuen names to those Plantations of some Citties and Townes in England, thereby intending to keep vp and 
leaue to posterity the memoriall of seuerall places of note there, as Boston, Hartford, Windsor, York, Ipswitch, Brantree, E.\eter, — This 
Court, considering that there hath yet noe place in any of the Collonies bene named in memory of ye Citty of London, there being a 
new plantation within this Jurisdiction of Connecticut setled vpon ye faire Riuer of Monhcgin, in ye Pequul Countrey, 11 being an e.x-cel- 
lent harbour and a fit and convenient place for future trade, it being alsoe the only place w''' ye English of these parts haue possessed 
by conquest, and yt by a very iust war vpon yl great and warlike people, ye Pequots. that therefore they might therby leaue to pos- 
terity the memory of y' renouned citty of London, from whence we had our transportation, haue thought fit, in honour to that famous 
Citty, to cat ye said Plantation, New London." — Colonial Records of Connecticut, Vol. I., p. 313. 

t Hist, of Windsor, p. 635. 

X Passaires — a common word of the time as applied to "voyages"; or "business affairs." 

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S'-'-'-f Jf-o-^ <>V('*^-cj-» I'-'iJi; aL.T, ^ 'isiii''^ — '' ■ 


JLrs^o-'if 0>^^ -Y^^ ^<!ff^^''^-^ ^^r^U !ii&.-^ -i^^If- A^ 

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»;^.^rtV ,''%^ ;»^<#^- >W^ g.^aA-*r.. '^^rr:=^ 


"heartened, tis he that worketh in us both the will and the deed. God from the scriptures speaks unto us in this' 
'■ language and declares himself as followeth : I am God. I change not. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and'' 
"the end. I am God and change not. I am God and there is none besides me. Oh my son thou art the child" 
"of mine own bosom. Fear not, God is found of them that sought him not. The tongue cannot express how" 
"he hath been found by me in all my trouble in so much that I cannot say trouble, but much joy in it." [Here 
one line is lost and the next continues] "sorrows but joy abundantly. -Dear child, I can say but little more; but" 
"he, who is all, is most properly my God ; he declares himself in many expressions, as thus : — I am Alpha and" 
"Omega, the beginning and the end. Alpha; everlasting, none but him. My dear, the last letter I wrote unto" 
"you was of the i8th of May* 1648 by a friend, which, if God was pleased to give you life, came safe to your" 
"hand. In it I advised you of the rect. of your writing six months before, by whom it did take notice of your" 
"marriage and also that you were gone further." 

[Here the last fold of the page, comprising probably about ten lines, is lost and the conclusion is on the top o! 
the reverse page.] 

"More than that we are all thy dear affectionate friends to the end of the world. 
Mr Sami'ell Humpherv Susan.\ Humphery 

1648 1648 

"Know this that we are all in good health and live very well." f 

Lyme Regis is a seaport town 143 miles west south-west of London, and is situated at the 
south-western angle of the county Dorset, at the mouth of the river Lyme. Some of the houses 
are built on the side of a steep hill and others at its base, and the neighboring shores are 
uneven and precipitous. From entries in Domesday Book it is thought that the manufacture of sea- 
salt was carried on here in the reign of William the Conqueror. This port became one ol import- 
ance, as is shown by the grant of a charter of privileges to the inhabitants by Edward I. (i 272-1 307), 
since which time this borough has sent members to Parliament. During the reigns of both Henry 
IV. (1399-1413) and Henry V. (1413-1422) the French sacked and burned the town. It was 
garrisoned for Parliament, in the civil war under Charles I., and, being besieged by the king's 
forces in 1644, was successfully defended by the governor, Colonel Blake, who withstood the assaults 
of the royalists for two months, and compelled them to raise the siege. 

"The living is a vicarage and a peculiar of the Dean of Salisbur}-, * * patron the 
Prebendary of Lyme and Halstock, in Salisbury Cathedral. The church, dedicated to St. Michael, 
is an ancient edifice, situated on a rising ground at the east end of the town. " (Gorton's Topo- 
graphkal Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland). 

In a list of Archdeacons of Sarum, or Salisbury Cathedral, the name Humphrey appears 
between 1188-93, ^'^'' Humphrey de Basingborne, 1205. Humphrey was archdeacon of Wilts in 
1213; was present at the first celebration of divine service in the Salisbury Cathedral, 1225, after 
its renovation. The Bishop of Evreux was also present. Humphrey was archdeacon of Dorset, 
1243. This archdeaconry, in 1542, was annexed to the See of Bristol. — (Dodsworth's Sa/ish/rv 

Mrs. Ware, fornierly of Honiton, Devonshire, visited Lyme Regis with her husband, about 
1875, and while he carefully searchetl the parish records she examined the tombstones in the 

* There is no discrepancy between this date and ihat of the letter. Both are Old Style— the year beginning in M.irch. 

t The foregoing is correctly copied from fragments of an ancient letter believed to have been the original from the parents of 
Michael Humphrey of Windsor, Ct., and has been preserved as such by one of his descendants. It was written on coarse paper, appar- 
ently the leaf of a blank book and not visibly ruled; still the Imes run very truly, and the execution is easy and good, without repetitions 
or changes, or corrections. I have made no changes, excepting to modernize the spelling and add occasional punctuation. The chirog- 
raphy and orthography are those of the time, and at present are not easy to read. The initial capital letters of the letter and of the 
signatures are done with extensive flourishes, and apparently in the same hand. It is probable that the writer signed both names. 
Whether this was by the father or mother the style is not of a character to indicate, being of a light, compact but somewhat dashing and 
easy hand. 


RosToN Mass. i 

7«/y 13th, iSbg. ) 

church-j-ard, but neither succeeded in finding the name of Humphrey. The baptismal register com- 
mences in 1543, and continues to 1572, from which date there are no entries until 1662. The 
other records seem also to have been much neglected. 

The late Col. Joseph L. Chester, of London, wrote in 1881 : "I am able to corroborate 
the statement you already had, that there is no trace of the family in the parish registers of Lyme, 
in Dorsetshire. If they were of Lyme, their wills, if they left any, if not registered in London, 
should have been proved at Salisbury, or else in what was called the 'Peculiar Court of Lyme 
Regis.' I have had the calendars at both of these local registries carefully examined, and the 
wills of the two Samuels, father and son, and of Susanna, are not in either. Assuming that they 
ma}' have been, when the letter of 1648 was written, only temporarily at Lyme, and perhaps 
belonged to the adjoining county of Devon, I have also had the Will Calendars of the registry at 
Exeter searched, but with the same negative result. 

"Their entire disappearance may be accounted for in one of two ways. The period from 
the date of that letter down to 1660 was one of the greatest possible confusion in this countr}', 
when business of all sorts was interrupted, and records very loosely kept. If they died during this 
period (I mean the elder Samuel and Susanna) their wills may never have been proved ; or, if 
proved, never registered. But, at all events, if they died anywhere between 1650 and 1660, and 
left wills, they would, if proved at all, have been proved and registered in London, all the local 
registries throughout the country being entirely closed during those ten years. On the other hand, 
if the son Samuel settled and lived at St. Malo, he may have taken his parents in their old age 
to live with him, and they may have died there. In that case, the absence of any trace of them 
in this country is readily accounted for." 

St. Malo is built on a small granite island called the Isle of Aaron (an ancient possession of 
the church of Aleth) at the mouth of the river Ranee, and is situated north-east of Brittany to 
which it belongs, and not far from the province of Normandy. It is connected with the main land 
by a causeway nearly three hundred yards in length, called the Sillon, which is twice every day 
covered with water at high tide. This road running along the frontage of St. Malo forms a broad 
quay where are ship-builders' yards, vast stacks of timber, stone, coal, &c. Whether approached 
by land or water, it presents a very imposing appearance with its massive walls and stupendous 
round towers, some of which were constructed on the plan of the celebrated Vauban, who wished 
to have all of the inhabitants remove to St. Servan in order that he might make of this place an 
impregnable citadel. On the walls cannon are mounted, and also on many of the islets in the 
bay. Conspicuous among these is " Le Grand Bey," the island chosen by Chateaubriand as his 
last resting-place, because he desired to be buried near St. Malo, the place of his birth. He said 
of this city that it was smaller than the "Garden of the Tuileries" in Paris, yet in this space of 
fifty-two acres are crowded castle, cathedral, churches, and elegant mansions of merchant princes, 
besides many plainer residences, most of which are built of granite. The entrance from the cause- 
wa}' is through stately portals, and the sheathing still remains through which in former days rose 
and fell the portcullis, a representation of which is preserved on the coat of arms. * . Several of the 
streets are well built, but the principal promenade is on the ramparts, where a magnificent and very 
extended view is presented, the tide here rising so high that when violent winds prevail the spray 
dashes over the stone breast-works to the feet of the spectator. On account of these strong winds 
most of the houses have double windows. In 1845, the population was about ten thousand. Many 
strangers remain here during the summer months, being attracted by the beautiful beach and the 
excellent opportunities it affords, for sea-bathing. The port is one of the finest and safest on the 

" See cut, and heraldic description of the civic arms of St, Malo, on page 49. 

coast of France, but is difficult of entrance on account of the numerous reefs bv which it is 

When Samuel Humphrey went to reside in St. Malo, for the purpose of engaging in mercan- 
tile enterprises, it had been standing hve centuries or more and must have had to him an appearance 
of antiquity. There were fortifications, although Vauban may not have increased and strengthened 
them at that date, as the two were contemporaneous. The Castle, which formed a part of these, 
had even then been built a century and a half, and doubtless often drew his attention, associated as 
it was with a singular history. The bishopric had been transferred to this city, in 1141, from Aleth 
(now St. Servan) where it had been founded about 541. The bishop claimed that he was temporal 
lord of the place, as a convent had formerly stood there, and that he held it of the Pope as a fief 
of the church, while the Queen-Duchess Anne, daughter of Francis II. the last Duke of Brittany, 
and wife of Charles VIII. King of France (1483-98), who had constituted her feudal sovereign ot 
St. Malo, felt that her authority should be recognized, and determined to assert her rights by 
erecting a castle which had been forbidden. This she is said to have accomplished by stratagem. 
She requested the Bishop to allow her to build a four-wheeled carriage which he could not well 
refuse. First rose one tower and then another, Briconnet protesting in vain, until four were com- 
pleted and an outwork of fortification added in a straight line, which received the name Lt Timon 
(the carriage-pole) when the meaning of the whole was fully revealed. Although the Bishop 
threatened her with all the thunders of the Vatican, she not only persisted in carrying out her 
project, but caused to be cut on a granite slab in high relief and inserted in the masonry of the 
tower at the Porte St. Thomas the following: Qui qu'en grogne, amsi sera: cest mon plaisir. 
(Whoever grumbles, thus it shall be: it is my pleasure.) This tower is still called Qui-gu'en-grogne. 
Queen Anne married 2d, Louis XII. who succeeded her first husband as king of France. 

In early times the residents of St. Malo depended not only on the sea and their fortifications 
for protection, but for many years dogs were employed as night sentinels. Enactments were passed 
for their maintenance, and they had their keeper who let them out through the little gate at ten 
o'clock in the evening, (when a warning bell was rung to apprize the inhabitants,) and called them 
together by means of a trumpet in the morning. There came to be a saying : // a ete a St. Malo, 
ks Mens lui out range les mollets. (He has been to St. Malo, the dogs have gnawed the calves of 
his legs.) The people believed that these dogs were of the breed trained by the Gauls to fly upon 
their enemies, the Romans, at the commencement of a battle. The arms of St. Malo formerly 
were, on a field argent, a mastiff" gules. In the latter part c:>f the eighteenth century, a naval officer 
who undertook to force a passage was killed by some of these dogs prowling between that city 
and St. Servan, and a few days later they were all destroyed, doubtless much to the relief of the 
residents. There is a map of St. Malo, or Saini Malo de /'isle as it was then called, bearing date 
1662, preserved in the Imperial Library at Paris, on which is given, near the Sillon, a little sentr}- 
box marked Corps-de-garde de nuit pour ks chiens, and, near the To2{r de la Grande Porte, the Pont 
aux chiens. 

The Malouins (for thus they prefer to be called) are descended from Bretons who sought an 
asylum among the rocks in order that they might de/end themselves from the incursions of the Nor- 
mans. When Charles the Simple gave Brittany in fief to the Duke of Normandy, the people for a 
time would not acknowledge him as their sovereign. Those who were shut up in this island home 
early acquired fearless and self-reliant habits, and were ready to engage in distant and hazardous 
enterprises. They became noted for their generous sentiments, and their merchants enjoyed a great 
and just reputation for probity. In 1663, these merchants "exasperated, as were all their compatriots, 
with the demand that the congress of Geertruidenberg had made on the French monarch, that he 
should employ his troops to compel Philip V. to abandon Spain, where the will of Charles II. had 
called him, collected the profits which they had just made in trade with the Spanish colonies in 
America, and carried to the king thirty-two millions in gold, when the finances were exhausted by 

a long succession of unfortunate events. This timely distribution of thirty-two millions in the 
banking-houses, re-animated the war and all payments. " * 

In 1692, and again in 1695, the English besieged St. Malo, but were repulsed by the 
Malouins, who revenged these assaults by devastating their sea-board. If Samuel Humphrey was 
living at this time, he was probably seventy or eighty 3-ears of age, and may have returned to 
England. Although we thus regard him as having been an English subject, it appears possible 
from our investigations that France was the home of his ancestors. In 837-8, as has been already 
mentioned, there was in Brittany a Humphrey who witnessed a deed of gift to the monks of the 
Abbey of Redon ; f and there were also other Humphreys residing in different parts of France prior 
to the conquest, from which time Normandy became a province of England, and so continued for 
more than a centurv. Then it must be borne in mind that the education of Edward the Confessor, 
"St. Edward," in Normandy would lend to the introduction of its arts and customs into England, 
as would also the settlement there of the Norman followers of William the Conqueror. The last- 
named is said to have introduced the ringing of the curfew, a Norman insdtution, into that country 
in 1068; and the Norman surnames, which were adopted by the nobility in iioo.;}: All this 
would tend to make such a change of residence seem a less formidable undertaking to those who 
were considering the subject of removal thither, especially if friends had preceded them. We have 
records of several families bearing the name Onfroy, or Humphrey, that were living in Normandy 
before 1 600. 

The residence of Michael Humphrey was on a "home-lot," purchased by him from Jeffry 
Baker;** situated in the north end of a parallelogram of land called " Pound-Close," just outside of 
the north line of the Palisado, or fortification, which had been set up, on the north side of the Litde 
Rivulet, ft as a defence against surprisal by the Indians during the Pequot War, in 1637. 

And, on the 21st of Ma}', 1657, Mr. Humphrey took another — and what,, in those days, was 
an important — step in social advancement ; for with others, before ' ■ The Generall Court of Elections " 
he was duly admitted to the rights and privileges of a Freeman, in the Colony of Connecticut. |J 

* St. Fargean's Dictionnaire dcs Commitnes. Musgrave's Ramble into Brittany : Brittany and its Byivays, by Mrs. Bury Palliser ; 
pub. London, i86g, by John Murray, Albermarle St. View ol St. Malo and the Tomb of Chateaubriand, p. 40. 

t This abbey was founded about 832, by Convoion, archdeacon of Vannes, and was situated in the eastern part of the bishopric of 
Vannes, in Brittany, near the confluence of the rivers Oust and Vilaine, in a southerly direction from St. Malo. It became celebrated 
throughout all Europe, and rivalled in wealth the most magnificent abbeys. It was pillaged and destroyed by the Normans in 869, but 
was afterwards rebuilt. [See p. 16.] As the Norwegians made invasions into France in the ninth century, so the Danes made frequent 
incursions into England, continuing them until early in the eleventh century, when, under their king, Sweyn I., they succeeded in be- 
coming masters of the country, although, in 1016, alter six battles had been fought between Edmund II., kmg of England, and Canute, 
king of Denmark, the kingdom was finally divided between them. It is possible that some of the Humphreys in England were descended 
from these Danes, just as some of the Humphreys in France may have been descended from the Danes and Norwegians. L^mfrid de 
Telliolo, governor of Hastings, Eng., io63, married Adeliza, sister of Hugh de Grantmesnil, governor of Leicester, and had Robert of 
Rotholent Castle in Wales, also Ernald and Roger, both monks ol Utica in Normandj , and William who was the Abbot of St. Euphemia. 
HuMFREV OF TlLl«EUL is the Same as the first-named, and is given on page 18 as the son of Amfkid, the Dane, which statement is con- 
firmed by Ormerod in his History of Chester. (Co. Cheshire!. One of the Earls ol Chester, a descendant of Turstain, son of Amfrid the 
Dane, married a grand-daughter ot William the Conqueror. For picture of Hugh Lupus, the first earl of Chester, sitting in his parliament 
with the barons and abbots of that county palatine, see Hist. 0/ CJiestcr, Vol. I., p. 284. 

{ "The old Normans used FiTZ, which signifies son, as Fitzherbert."— Rymer's Fa:dera, Vol. X. [See Fitz Humfrey, p. 28 
of history.] 

** See Map opp. p. 123, of Stiles' History 0/ Ancient Windsor ; also p. 132. 

tt Stiles' Hist. Windsor, Conn., p. 132. 

J{ Public Records of tlie Colony of Connecticut, by J. Hammond Trumbull, p. 297 ; p. 63. Framed by the General Court at the 
date annexed. As it may be interesting to know what constituted the oath of a freeman, we here add the form as found among the Col- 
onial Records ; — 

I, A. B., being by the Pruidence of God an Inhabitant wtl'in the Jurisdiction of Conectecott, doe acknowledge myselfe to be sub- 
iecte to the Government thereof, and doe sweare by the great and fearefuU name of the euerliuing God, to be true and faythfull vnto the 
same, and doe submitt boath my ptson and estate therunto, according to all the holsome lawes and orders that there are, or hereafter 
shall be there made, and established by lawlull authority, and that I will nether plott nor practice any euell age the same, nor consent 
to any that shall so doe, but will tymely discouer the same to lawful! authority there established ; and that I will, as I am in duty 
bownd, mayntayne the honner of the same and ot the lawfull magcstratts thereof, pimoting the publike good of yt whilst I shall soe con- 
tinue an Inhabitant there : and whensoeut I shall giue my voate or suffrage touching any matter wfl> conserns this Comon welth being 
cauled thereunto, will give yt as in my conscience I shall judge may conduce to the best good of the same, wHiout respect of p^sons or 
favor ol any man. Soe helpe me God in of Lord Jesus Christe. 

April the Xth, 1640. 


Whether Mr. Humphre_v still pursued his early occupation is not apparent, but, from invoices 
of goods found among the papers in the State Archives, we learn that, in 1662, he was still 
extensively engaged in mercantile transactions with his brother Samuel Humphrey, and Henry 
Rose (partners), in St. Main, France.* Dr. Stiles informs us that Windsor, in the early 
colonial days, was a leading commercial town and port of entry, there being, at that time, no 
bridge at Hartford to obstruct the navigation of the river ; and West India and other goods were, 
during a part of the year, landed at the Rivulet ferry. "Prior to and during the Revolution — or, 
in other words, during Windsor's palmiest mercantile days — the Palisado Great was the 'commercial 
centre ' of Windsor. It was often heaped with goods of all kinds which had been received, or 
were being shipped.""}" This condition of affairs may have been at a somewhat later date than that 
with M'hich we are dealing, but doubtless, in the days of Michael, fine opportunities for trade were 
offered to the enterprising merchant, of which he was among the earliest to avail himself 

]Mr. Humphre}', although so long a resident of Windsor, had not, up to 1664, united with 
the church there; but styled hmiself "a member of the Church of England." It will be remem- 
bered that he was not of the company who had removed thither from Dorchester with their pastor, 
and were in close sympathy with him and with each other ; nor do his motives for emigration seem 
to have been of a religious nature ; but rather for mercantile purposes. Many years, twenty-one at 
least, had now passed, since his arrival, and in civil, business and social matters he had evidently 
affiliated and become identified with the community and its interests. During this long period as a 
prosperous citizen, he had been rated for the support of the parish ; though not being a church 
communicant, by its rules, he had no vote nor voice, nor the full privileges of its ordinances. | 
Having now been married seventeen vears, and having five children requiring Christian nurture, most 
of all his eldest child John, now nearly fourteen years of age, he doubtless felt that the time had 
come to take steps towards securing, what seemed to him from his standpoint, his rights and those 


Invoice of goods shipped for Samuel Humphrey on board the " Robert of Ray," Robert Kidman, master ; consigned to Michael 
Humphrey of Connecticut. Dated St. Malo, [France] April 30. 1662. — Value 292 livres. 

Invoice of Drapery [Cloths or Woolen Goods in General — M'ebstei^s Dictionary, '\ shipped for Samuel Humphrey and Henry Rose 
on board the " Robert of Ray," Robert Kidman, master, bound for Boston : consigned to Michael Humphrey. Dated May 4, 1662. Value 

Printed shipping bills, in one of which Samuel Humphrey, merchant of St. Malo, consigns goods for his own use " to his brother 
Michael Humphrey, living in Connectict." Bills of lading signed by Nicholas Lefeuber. 

Agreement between Humphrey and Rose, written in French, and signed by Samuel Humphry', also by Francois Jan and Sauvage 
Noatin : in which Humphry acknowledges the receipt nl 2.227 ^i'^'res. iij. 7 on., and assigns to Henry Rose his interest in the demands 
against Michael Humphrey, and makes Rose his attorney to collect. Letter from Samuel Humphry authorizing payment to Rose of the 
returns of goods "consigned my Brother Mr. Michell Humphrys ol Connectecot." Both documents are dated St. Malo, Nov. 30, 1662. 
These were translated into English, at Hartford. March 5, 1666-7, by David Hebert (Hubbard). 

Michael Humphrey's account of said goods received from Samuel Humphreys, dated Jan. 26, 1666. In making out this statement 
he was assisted by Mr. James Cornish and Corp. Samuel Marshall. 

Summons to Michal Humphry of Windsor to appear in court and answer H. Rose for ^■^-^S'S-I • — ^^^^^ April 16, 1668. 
Michall Humphrey's bill of expenses. 

Submission of Michael Humphrey and Henry Rose before the Court of Assistants, May 8, 1668 ; and account of expenses to be 
considered by this "honoud court:" — 

To dyet and other unavoidable charges m BristoU having my abode there almost 4 months. [^] 8.00.0. 
To dyet in Barbadoes i month, ....... 2.00.0. 

To Passage to Barbadoes. ........ 4.10.0. 

To Passage to New England, ....... 3.12.0. 

To 15 months dyet at 6^ per weeke New England, ..... 18.00.0. 

To L.osse of Tyme as the court shall Judge. ...... 

Considerations offered to the Jury. ...... 

It appears from the records that on account of the agreement made. May 8th, 1668. between Henry Rose and Michael Humphrey, 
the latter made over a certain tract of land "at Massaco " to the former, June i8th, 1668. See APPENDIX I. As to Henry Rose, 
in Subsidy Roll for County Sussex, Lewes borough, 1621, is found: "Henry Rose, in landes xxs. ijs. viijd." — Sussex Archtrological Col- 
lections, Vol. IX., p. 72. Henry Rose was Constable of Lewes in 1630, and also one of the same name m 1678. Horsfeld's Hist. 0/ 

\ Stiles' History 0/ Ancient Windsor, Conn., pp. 4S0, 481. 
X Idem, p. 164. 


of his famil}'. While he took this view of the case, the position assumed by the Puritan com- 
munion was that every person coming into their fellowship must conform to their rules of admission, 
in respect to examination in faith and experience ; and having, as one of these grounds of dissent, 
been accustomed to question the genuineness of Episcopal piety, membership in that church was 
an invalid qualification. We do not know precisely what course was pursued by Mr. Humphrey ; 
but it is possible, if not probable, that he objected to increased church taxes consequent on the 
election of a ministeiial colleague to the now aged Rev. Mr. Warham. In whatever wa" the 
difficulty originated, we find the following : 

At a Session of the Gen" Assembly at Hartford, March loth, 1663-4 : 

"The Church of Christ at Windsor complaynes of James Enoe and Michael! Humphrey, for seuerall things 
contayned in a paper presented to the Court. Mr. Clarke, in behalf ot the Church complaynes of James Enoe and 
Michaell Humphrey for a misdameanor in offering violence to an establisht law of this Colony. Mr. Clarke with- 
drawes this charge." 

"Although the complaint was withdrawn by the church," says Dr. Stiles, "yet the court saw 
fit to pass, at the same session, its censure upon the agitators of public peace " ; 

"This Court hauing seriously considered the case respecting James Ennoe and Michaell Humphrey, doe declare 
such practises to be offensiue, and may proue prejudiciall to the wellfare of this Collony, and this Court expects they 
will readily come to the acknowledgment of their error in the paper by them presented to the Church, whereupon 
the Court respitts and remitts the sensure due for their offence, prouided answerable reformation doth foUowe, ex- 
pecting that their lenity therein will winne upon the spiritts of those concerned in this case. And this Court doth 
approue of the pious and prudent care of Windsor, in seeking out for a supply and help in the ministry, Mr. War- 
ham growing ancient; and do order all persons in the sayd plantation to allow their proportion towards the competent 
maintenance of such a supply in the ministry. And the Court desires a friendly correspondency may be maintayned 
at Windsor, as if this trouble had never been ; this Court declaring their readyness to mayntayne all the just priuiledges 
of all the members of this Corporation."* 

But Michael Humphrey and his party did not rest here. A petition was drawn up "by 
the skillful hand of William Pitkin, Esq. , of Hartford, and was signed by seven persons, four of 
whom were Windsor men. Indeed, it is probable, from the evidence before us, that Eno and 
Humphrey were the chief movers in the affair, and that the letter was aimed at the Windsor 
Church, "t 
To the Hon'" the Gen" Assembley of the Corporation of Connecticott in New England. 

The Humble Address and Petition oi sundry persons of and belonging to the Same Corporation 

Shevveth that whereas wee whose names are subscribed Beeing Proffessors of the Protestant Christian Rehdgion, 
members of the Church of England, And Subjects to our Soueraigne Lord Charles the Second by God's Grace King 
of England Etc.: And vnder those sacred tyes mentioned and conteined in our Couenant Sealed with our Baptism. 
Haveing seriously pondered our past and present want of those Ordinances wh to us and our Children as mem- 
bers of Christs vissible Church ought to bee administered. Which wee Apprehend to bee to the Dishonour of 
God and the obstruction of our owne and our Childrens good, (Contrary to the Pious will of our Lord the 
King, in his niaine purpose in Settling these Plantations, As by the Charter and his ma"'" Letter to the Bay 
June 20th 1662 and otherwayes is most euidently manifest) to our great griefe * The Sence of our Duty to- 
wards God, the relation wee stand in to our Mother the Church, our gratefull acceptance of his ma"«8 Royall fauor, 
the edification of our owne and our Childrens Soules and many other good Christian and profitable ends, (as allso 
at a Late Session of this Hon'« Assembley, haueing receiued a fauorable incouragement from the Wor" Dep. Go'' :) 
Hereunto moueing us. We are bold by this our address to declare our Agreuieance, and to Petition for a re- 
dress of the Same. 

Our aggreiueance is that wee and ours are not under the Due care of an orthodox Ministry , that will in a 
due manner administer to us those ordinances that we stand capable of, as the Baptizeing of our Children, our 
beeing admitted (as wee according to Christs order may bee found meete) to the Lord's table. And a careful! 
watch ouer us in our wayes and suteable dealing witli us as wee do well or ill, Withall whatsoeuer benefit! and Ad- 
uantages belong to us as members of Christs uissible Church, which ought to Ijee dispenced by the officers of the 
same, of wh : wee beeing Destitute. 

Wee liumbly Request that this Honrd Court would take into Serious Consideration our present state in this 

* Public Records 0/ the Colony 0/ Connecticut, 1636-1665, p. 420 ^ 

t Stiles' History of Ancient Windsor, p. 167. 

respect, that wee are thus as sheep scattered haueing no Shepherd, and compare it with what we conceiue you can- 
not but know both God and our King would haue it different from what it now is And take some Speedy and 
effectuall Coui'se for redress herein. And put us in a full and free capacity of inioying those forementioned Aduan- 
tages which to us as members of Christs uissible Church doe of right bellong. By Estabhshing som wholesome Law 
in this Corporation, by uertue whereof wee may both claime and receiue of such officers as are or shall bee by Law- 
set ouer us in the Church or Churches where wee haue our abode or residence those fore mentioned priuileges and 

flTurthermore wee humbly request that for the future no Law in this Corporation may be of any force to make us 
pay or contribute to the maintaineance of any Minister or officer in the Church that will neglect or refuse to Baptise 
our Children, and to take care of us as such members of the Church as are under his or their Charge and care. 

Thus in hopes that yo'' care full and speedy consideration and Ishue here of will bee answerable to the weight 
of the matter and our nessesity, and that matters of less moment may be Omitted till this be Ishued wee waite for 
a good answer.* 

October 17th : 1664. 


The General Court, "at their October session this year, aroused by the lamentable discord 

which prevailed throughout the country, and especiall}', it may be presumed, by the tone of the 

petition which had been presented to them '' by the parties named above, ' ' passed the following 
resolve " : — f 

This Court vnderstanding by a writing presented to them from seuerall persons of this Colony, that they are 
agrieved that they are not intertained m church fellowship ; This Court haueing duly considered the same, desireing 
that the rules of Christ may be attended, doe commend it to the ministers and churches in this Colony to consider 
whither it be not their duty to enterteine all such persons, whoe are of an honest and godly conuersation, haueing 
a competency of knowledg in the principles of religion, and shall desire to joyne w"" them in church fellowship, 
by an explicitt couenant, and that they haue their children baptized, and that all the children of the church be 
accepted and acco" reall members of the chiu-ch, and that the church exercise a due christian care and watch ouer 
them ; and that when they are growne up, being examined by the officer in the presence of the church, it ap- 
peares, in the judgment of charity, they are duely qualifyed to perticipate in that great ordinance of the Lords 
Supper, by theire being able to examine themselues and discerne the Lords body, such persons be admitted to 
full comunion. 

The Court desii-es y' the seuerall officers of y" respective churches would be pleased to consider whither it 
be not the duty of the Court to order the churches to practice according to the promises, if they doe not practice 
w"iout such an order. 

If any dissent from the contents of this wiiting they are desired to help the Court w'" such light as is w'" 
them, the next Session of this Assembly. 

The Court orders the Secrefy to send a copy of this writing to the seuerall ministers and churches in this 

"The measure thus proposed was what is best known as the Half-way Covenant. It failed, 
however, to convince the heart or to satisfy the conscience of the great mass of the people. * 

* And in spite of the wisdom and influence of councils and Synods; the uneasiness of many 
church members; and the plainly indicated will of the General Court, its introduction into the 
churches of Connecticut was slow and difficult. Many hesitated for years, and others utterly refuseil 
to adopt it into practice. * * The course of the Windsor Church was peculiar and exceptional 

* * Having been the first to adopt, it was almost the last in the State of Connecticut to re- 

* State Library, Hartford, Ct.— Ecclesiastical, Vol. I.. Doc. 8. 

t Kstmy of Ancient IVinisor, p. 170. This court commenced its Session October i^xh.— Colonial Records 0/ Ct., 1636-1665, pp. 
437-8. Tlie signers of the petition who are marked • were from Hartford, those marked t from Windsor. 


linquish, the Half-way Covenant. " * For continuation of the church history we must refer those 
interested to Dr. Stiles' account. 

We find records which serve to show that the inhabitants of Windsor believed there were 
enemies in their neighborhood to be guarded against : — 

July 3d, 1667, "Those of the dragoons that have received pouches of Thomas Dibble 
which he got made~ and it is to be paid by the town." — In the list is "Michael Humphrey, one. "f 

October loth, 1667, at a General Assembly held at Hartford: — 

"The inhabitants of Windsor haueing improued themselues in building a forte, J this Court 
for there incouragement doe release the Traine soldiers of Windsor two dayes of their training this 
Michael Tide and one day in the spring."** 

Dr. Trumbull states with regard to the Indians that, within the town of Windsor, only, 
there were ten distinct tribes, or sovereignties. About the year 1670, their bowmen were reckoned 
at two thousand. At that time it was the general opinion, that there were nineteen Indians, in 
that town, to one Englishman. " ff Dr. Stiles considers this estimate much too large, and gives 
some very good reasons for his belief; XX but they were doubtless sufficiently numerous to be a 
source of great anxiety and dread. 

We have already mentioned Massacoe (Simsbury) in connection with this account of Michael 
Humphrey, and as he resided there for many years, and there left descendants, we will add some 
of the records relating to it : — 

"The Generall Courte for Election of Magistrats, the Second Thursday in April], 1642: — Its 
ordered that the Gou'nor and Mr. Heynes shall have liberty to dispose of the ground vppon that 
p''te of Tunxis River called Mossocowe, to such inhabitants of Wyndsor as they shall see cause. " *** 

March 9th, 1647, "The Court thinks fitt that Massacoe be purchased by the Country, and that 
ther be a Comite chosen to dispose of yt to such inhabitants of Wyndsor as by the[m] shalbe 
judged meet to make improvement thereof, "fff &c. 

March nth, 1662-3, "This Court doth appoint Capt. Nubery, Edward Griswold and John 
INIoore to be as a Comittee, and hereby they are impoured to lay out all those lands that are yet 
vndivided at Massaco, to such inhabitants in Windsor as desire and need it."J|| 

October 8th, 1668, "This Court doth desire that Massacoe, which hitherto hath been an 
appendix to the town of Windsor, may be improued for the makeing of a plantation, & Capt. Benj. 
Newbery, Deacon John Moore & Mr. Symon Woolcott the present committee for the grant of those 
lands are desired and impowered by the Courte to farther the planting of the same, and to make 
such just orders as they shall judge requisitt for the well ordering of the sayd Plantation, so they be 
not repugnant to the publique orders of this Colony. " **** 

October nth, 1669. In the list of "stated inhabitants of Masaco, and haue been free men 
for Windsor," are the names "Micall Houmfery " and "John Griffen. " ffff There are in all 
thirteen names. 

May 1 2th, 1670, At a Court of Election held at Hartford, the "bownds of the New Village 
Massacoe "jm are given, and it is ordered that the plantation there be called " Simmsbury. " ***** 

• Stiles' History of Ancient U'iniisor, pp. 171-173 ; t p. 157 ; tt pp. 85-93. 

+ For location, &c., of this fort, see Stiles' History of Ancient Windsor p. 155. 

•* Colonial Records 0/ Conn., Vol. II., p. 69; •■*• Vol. I., p. 71; ttt Vol. I., p. 161; tit Vol. I., p. 397; ■*»** Vol. II., p. 97: 
tttt Vol. II., App., p. 520: tttt Vol. II., p. 127. 

tt General Hist. 0/ the U. S. of America, p. 46. 

♦»*** "It is probable that the Poquonnoc Indians were owners of Simsbury, as the deed of Simsbury, in 1680," to a town com- 
mittee, "is given by Nasahegan, Toto and Seacett — and there are other evidences of their being closely allied with the Massaco and 
Farmington Indians." Nassahegan, or Nassacowen, was the chief sachem of the Poquonnoc tribe, and Toto was his grandson, "the 
Iriendly Indian who, during King Philip's war in 1675, having learned the purpose of the savages to attack Springfield, disclosed the 
plot to the Windsor people," in time to prevent the destruction of the town, with its inhabitants. — Stiles' Hist. 0/ Ancient Windsor, p. 
90 : see also Idem. " Indian Purchases," pp. 105-109, 

October 13th, 1670, Michael Humphrey and John GrifFen, who had been associated with 
iiim in business, were "Deputies for Simsbury to a Generall Court Holden at Hartford."* 

In 1670, the property which Michael Humphrey owned in Windsor, and which had origin- 
ally belonged to Jeffry Baker, was made over to the Rev. Benjamin ^^'oodbridge, "by deed of 
gift from certain men 'as agents for the whole company,' which was probably the dissenting party 
or Second Church in Windsor, " over which Mr. Woodbridge was ordained March 18, 1 669-70. f 

May nth, 1671, "This Court doth recommend it to the inhabitants and proprietors cif 
Simsbury to rayse the minister's and towne rate this yeare upon persons and land."| May 13th, 
1669, the Court had granted that the plantation at Massacoe should be rale free to the countr\- 
"for three yeares next ensueing. " This was doubtless for their encouragement as a new settlement. 
They had much to contend with, however, being in fear, not only of wolves** and other wild 
animals, but also of the Indians, concerning whom they were compelled to be constantly on 
their guard. 

August nth, 1673, 'he "Grand Committee for the ordering of the Militise mett in Hart- 
ford: The proportion of dragoons for Simsbury was seven." "The Committee for the MilitiK doe 
hereby appoynt Mr. Simon Woolcott and John GrifTen to be those that shall command the Traine 
Band of Simsbury for the present, and vntill the Generall Court order otherwise or the people there 
make their choj'se. " tf 

July 6th, 1675. At a meeting of the Magistrates "John Griffen was confirmed Sarj'' of 
Simsbury Traine Band, and is impowered to command the Traine Band there upon all occasions, 
and especialh in case of any exigeiicy by the assault of an enemie." W 

September 4th, 1675. "For the prevention of danger to travelers upon the road between 
town and town in this County,' — said towns were ordered to keep scouting parties of mounted men 
on the roads. 'Windsor, each other day, shall send four men to clear the roads to Simsbury, and 
two each other day, to clear the roads between Hartford and \Mndsor ; Windsor to begin Monday 
ne.\t to Hartford, and Tuesday to Simsbury.'"*** 

October 14th, 1675, At a General Court held at Hartford — "This Court orders that the 
people of Simsbury shall haue a week's time to secure themselues and their corn there, and the 
end of the week from this date, the souldiers now in garrison at Simsbury shall be released their 
attendance there, "fff But early the following year they met with a serious loss. 

In March 1675-6, "the inhabitants of Simsbury, numbering about forty families, were so 
alarmed at the hostility of the Indians, that they buried their effects and went back to Windsor," 
Mr. Humphrey, his wife, and seven children with the rest. It must have been a great disappoint- 
ment to them, after years of hardship and toil, to be compelled to abandon the most of their 
possessions to save their lives. "The settlement being deserted, the Indians destroyed all the houses 
w^hich had been erected," forty in number, "by burning them, and blotted out almost every vestige 
of improvement which disdnguished the new-born settlement from the surrounding wilderness ; so 
that when the settlers returned they could not find the place where their goods were secreted." HJ! 
The burning of Simsbury occurred March 26th. "So near an attack, and the destruction of the 
houses and goods of their friends and neighbors who were dwelling with them, must have vividly 
brought to the minds of the Windsor people, the imminent danger to which they were themselves 
exposed,"**** as also those who had fled to them for safet}-. 

* Colonial Records of Conn., Vol. II., p. 136: + p. 153; "tf p. 208: W p. 332: ttt p. 269. 

t Stiles' History 0/ Ancient Windsor, pp. 132, 133, 176, 179 : *** p. 197 : *•** pp. 202, 203. 

. ** September 30th, 1667, the freemen voted to give 17 shillings (besides the %s offered by the County) for all wolves killed within 
the limits of Windsor and Massaco. The whole amount for wolves killed that year was ^22, o8i— Stiles' History 0/ Ancient Windsor, 
p. 158: see also pp. 148, 149, foot-note. 

XXX Barber's Hist, Collections 0/ Connecticiti. 


March 27, 1676, Meeting of the Council. — Major Treat, who was appointed to pass over 
Connecticut River and so go to Norwich, was called back on account of intelligence received ; and 
the following order of the Council, without date, is written on a detached slip of paper, in the 
hand of Mr. Leete, [Doc. 44, a] : 

"Major Treat being called back, witli his Company, upon the intelligence of Simsbury bemg burnt, & a man 
caryed away from Windsor by sculking partyes of Indians that seeme to lye near these plantations to doe mischiefe 
The Counsell orders the said Maior, or some officer under him, to goe or send forth a party of his soldyers daily, 
to scout about the woodes adiacent to these tovvnes ; one day, one way S: another day, another, as their comanders 
shall direct or conduct them from time to time, according to intelligence gained, or as they may haue speciall order 
from the Counsell ; not aboue a fourth part of the band ordinarily ; and they may return to some of our townes 
each night, to quarter. The rest are to attend in their armes daily, some to warde, some to guard the people 
about plowing & sowing or other necessary occasions, for saueing Hues, and goodes, or preventing famine, if God 

What a picture is here drawn of those troublous times, as also in the following : — 
October 12th, 1676, at a session of the General Court : — This Court considering the enlarged goodness of God 
to his people in this wilderness, in appeareing so gloriously for their help m subdueing of o' enemies in so good 
a measure as he hath done, and his mercy in remoueing sickness from the land, in the comfortable and plentiful! 
harvest that wee haue receiued, and the continuance of o'' priuiledges and liberties, ciuill and ecclesiasticall, hath 
moued this Court to nominate and appoynt the first day of November next, to be solemnly kept a day of Publique 
Thankesgiueing thorowout this Colony, to bless and prayse the Lord for his great mercy towards vs, with prayer 
that the Lord would help vs in our lines and wayes to walk answerable to his abundant mercyes. Whereas in 
these times of God's awfuU dispensations towards his wilderness people, this Court haue had solemne considerations 
what might be provoaking to God among vs, and some solemne reflections haue been recommended to the several 
churches and congregations of this Colony, and lawes made to farther the so much desired and necessary worke of 
reformation ; and the Court obserueing little effect thereof hitherto, but that although through the mercy of God to 
a poor vndeserving people the evills of judgment are in a good measure remoued, yet the cvill of abounding sin 
(the sins lamented) doth yet remayne, which may justly provoake the eyes of the holy and jealous God to greater 
indignation against vs than euer ; who, tho the late judgments of war and sickness be at present taken off and a 
breathing time, a longer time of patience, afoarded us to consider our wayes and return unto the Lord with our 
whole heart, yet is he pleased to hold over vs a threatening hand still, by darke cloudes impending farr off and 
neare ; therefore, this Court doe againe recommend it to all and every the elders and ministers of this Colony, to 
stir up and what they can awaken theire severall congregations to the dutys of serious repentance and reformation, 
ol such solemne concernment in such a day as this ; and that all and euery of vs, from the highest to the lowest, 
be provoaked to promove the same in our churches, courts, plantations and famalyes seuerally ; to which end this 
Court haue appoynted the third Wednesday of November next, to be a day of solemne humiliation throwout this 
Colony, to seek the presence and blessing of the Lord upon his people in the aforesayd worke, and that he would 
appeare for the help and salvation of his people in this wilderness and other parts of the world as the matter doth 
or may require." 

Then follow orders respecting the Indians ' ' which have or shall before January next surrender 
themselves to mercy of this Gouerment. " 

Certain men were also ' ' appoynted by this Court to put a value upon all the lands in the 
severall plantations, how they shall be valued in the list of estates, and make return of the same to 
the Court for their approbation and confirmation. ' 

"Simsbury home lotts att 15J p"" acre; meadow, one-third, at 40^. p^ acre, two-thirds at 20s. 
})■■ acre." This valuation of Simsbury lands appears to have been accepted : 

"This Court doe confirme what the Committee hath done in sizeing the lands of the severall 
plantations, and order that for the future the lands be prized accordingly in the List of Estates, "t 
March 21st, 1676-7, Meeting of the Council in Hartford: — "Forasmuch as by order or aduice of the Councill, 
dated March the 3d, 1675-6, the inhabitants of Simsbury might remoue from that plantation for theire better safety 
in that time of war, but now the appearance of that danger being much over, and sundry of the said inhabitants 
are in necessity to make improvement of their accomadations for livelyhood, which lyes in common fields with others 
so as that unless the comon fence be proportionably made and mayntained by all and each proprietor the present im- 

* Colonial Records of Conn., Vol. II., pp. 423, 424, Note, 
t Colonial Records 0/ Conn., Vol. II., pp. 2q6, 297. 


prouers will be too intolerably burthened, — for prevention whereof the Councill sees cause to order (for the publique 
advantage,) that all the sayd proprietors doe either repayre thither and doe their parts of such comon fence and carry 
on plantation duty with the rest, or that those who doe or shall goe may haue liberty to take and use the lands of 
the deserters so much and so long as to defray the necessary charge of fences and rate due from, in or vnto the sayd 
plantation belonging." * 

Michael Humphrey and his son John J do not appear to have been among the "deserters,'' 
but were signers of the following petition : 

To the Honoured Generall Assembly now sitting at Hartford. 
Honoured Fathers, 

Wee whose names are underwritten, the present inhabitants of Simsbury, haueing bin formerly bur- 
thened by the iiiequallity of levying of rates (as the case is circumstanced with us) and now thrugh the late afflictive 
dispensation of God's providence, haueing bin greater sulTerers than other plantations in this Collony, and thereby 
allsoe in some measure at the present incapaistated to rayse rates in the common way that is stated in the country 
law ; in this our infant state do humbly request and desire of this Honoured Assembly that they would be pleased 
to graunt us at the present that privilidge (which wee understand hath been formerly and of late grannted to other 
plantations in their beginning,) viz. that all rates that shall be raysed for the defraying of publicke charges may be 
levyed onely upon lands ; the farther grounds and reasons of this our request wee haue desired Samuel Willcoxson 
and Benajah Holcomb to represent to your Honours as our agents in this case : Who are your very humble servants, 
May 14th: 77. SAMUEL STONE, 

At a Court of Elections held at Hartford in May, 1677, — "This Court upon the motion of the inhabitants of 
Simsbury, t doe grant that the people of Simsbury shall haue liberty to rayse their rates for the ministry and towne 
charges onely upon lands for the three next yeares ensueing this date, any law to the contrary notwithstanding ; 
and in regard of the great loss that that town hath received (in the late warr, the Court haue seen cause to remitt 
to the inhabitants of Simsbury that make there constant abode there, their country rates for the three next yeares 
ensueing, both for persons, land and cattell ; but those that doe not so inhabit there, there lands onely are freed 
from country rates, their cattell to be listed and returned according to order. | 

Michael Humphrey, with his family, resided in that part of Simsbury called Weatogue. As 
early as 1667 we find that " Micah [Mical .?] Humphy"** had a grant of land at "Weatague, east." 

March 17th, 1673-4, at a Generall Town-meeting, it was "voted that the Ferry place for the futter shall be 
at the mouth of hoppe Brook & y' there shall be a High way aLowed from y Landing place on the East Syde 
the River & y' by the River Syde in the most Feiziblst place : till they turne on the Southerly Syde of Mich" Hum- 
phries alottment, and then to turn from y« river on the Southerly syde of that alottment to the liigh way that 
comes from Windsor, etc. ft 

January, 1 680-1, the town voted to donate a tract of land in the vicinity of Salmon Brook 
(reserving two lots, one for the minister and the other for Michael Humphrey) to seven persons, on 
condition that each grantee should take possession of his share and continue to reside on it for seven 
years. This was done for the purpose of inducing emigration and settlement ; but the distance of 
these grants from the body of the settlement, and the consequent danger from Indians, prevented 
the compliance with the terms on which the grant was made. There is probably an allusion to this 
grant in the following : 

Whereas there was giuen by the Inhabitants of Simsbury at a Generi; town Meeting of said inhabitants of 

* Colonial Records of Conn., Vol. II., p. 491 : % p. 310. 

t The Simsbury petition is in Tcr^ns i" Lands, Vol. I., Doc. 169, State Library, Hartford, Conn. 

•* In 1677, Matthew Grant, his father-in-law, gives his name as Mical Homfrey. — Stiles' History 0/ Ancient Windsor, p. 852. 

tt Simsbury Town Records, 

Simsbury, in ye year 1680-1 an additional! grant to Mich' Humphries to his house lot att Weataug, where his house 
now stand and ye said Humphreyes has planted an orchard : there arising differences between John Moses & ye 
said Michll Humphries, concerning ye said Land : ye said Moses claiming the part of said house lot next his Barne 
But ye sd humphries haueing possessed the sd land for some certain yeares, and ye Said Moses, neuer according to 
a due form of law, as yet, made good his challeng : & ye sd Moses desireing an addition to his land or House Lot 
where his house stands — off the towne — ye said Moses had his request granted with this provisall, that ye s"" Mich" 
Humphries should enjoy, quietly and peaceably possess, ye said Land now thus in controversy, to ye said fence now 
standing, without any Molestation of ye said Moses his Keys or assigns, seyd lot to bear ye Same demension accord- 
(•ing to y" breadth the former record being Burnt: this is a true draught, according to the best of my rememberance 
of ye former vote, as is atested p me John Slater register. 

June 12, 1684, ordered pf ye selectmen of Simsbury that it shall be recorded. 

"In the year when Edward Peirce was Collector" of rates, certain persons were behind, and 
so reported. Michii Humphries 3-4, John Humphries 12-1 ; total ;^20-6-9.-|" 

For disposal of his lands at Simsbur)- see records of his sons John and Samuel. 

Rev. Samuel Stow, of Middletown, was preaching at Simsbury in 1681, and continued there 
four years. Although he was never settled, he formed the First Church in that town. J He seems to 
have been acceptable to Michael Humphrey, as he was one of the signers of a document presented 
to the General Court, in which it was requested that Mr. Stow might continue his labors among 
this people. 

The Humble Motion of Simsbury men to the much Honered Gouerno'' and Deputy : with ye rest of ye worship- 
full Assistance : and worthy Members of this Honnered Assembly is as foUoweth. 

We whose names are vnderwritten having knowledge & tryall of Mr. Samuell Stow in ye labours of ye word & 
Doctrine of ye Gospel doe hereby manifest so far as we Know our own hearts, our hearty desires of his continuance 
to be a Pastor & watchman over our Soules & the Soules of ours, and that therefore for his & our encouragements, 
an addresse might be made to the General! Court, y' is to Set this Instant of May or that the Presentation of this 
may be instead of an address (by fformal petition) to their Honours, that we might haue their countenance to setle 
ourselfes in gospel order, witli the approbation & helpe o( approued Elders of Churches among vs. That so we 
might according to y obligation y' God hath layd vpon vs through the application of ye representative blood of his 
Son, walk more orderly to his praise and the Salvation of our soules in observance of whatsoeuer he hath commanded 
us in his Holy worde having ye meanes & Helps. 
Simsbiu-y ye 7th of May 1682. 












Mr. Samuel Stow and Michall Humphries are chosen to present this present Motion aboue writen to this- 
Honeoured gener" assembly at Hartford chosen by the Inhabitants of Simsbury. 

as adopted 

p John Slater Register.** 

"Upon the presentation of an address by Mr. Stowe and MichaeU Humpheries, on behalfe 
of the inhabitants of Simsbury, for liberty to gather a church and settlement of a pastor there, 
with the approbation of this Gen" Court, according to gospell order, after the usuall maner in this 
Colony, we see no cause to discourage, but to allow them so to doe, it being done with the 

t Stnisbuiy Town Rccm-ds. 

X Stiles' Hist, of Ancient Windsor, foot-note to p. 188. 

** Ecdesiastieat, Vol. 1., Doc. 80, Slate Library, Hartford, 

observation and approbation of three or foure of the elders and messengers of the neighbouring 
churches, adviseing that their inhabitants doe choose a competent number of the most sober and 
godly persons to begin that church and call the officer, as is desired by them. "* 

May 7th, 1683, "Michall Humphris"and his two sons were signers, with twenty-nine others, 
of an agreement to decide by lot, as to the location of the meeting-house, whether it should be 
on the East or West side of Hop River. These thirty-two signers were all legal voters at that 
date. I The church was erected in 1684. 

November 2d, 1686, a committee appointed, August 14th, 1685, to procure a minister, was 
continued. There were nine members, two of whom were " Mich'^ Humphries" and his eldest 
son John.f This is the latest record we have of Michael Humphrey in connection w^ith church 
matters, and it leaves him "continued" on the "ministerial committee." If he was about twenty- 
one years of age in 1643, when we find his name first mentioned on the Windsor Records, then 
he was about sixty-five in 1686. This is only a conjecture, as he may have been more than four 
years older than his wife, who was born in 1626. 

June 25th, 1688, "Michall Humphry and his son Samuel, f with many others, signed the 
deed confirming the mill lot to the owner of the mills. 

From these records of various transactions relating to Simsbury, we gather that Michael 
Humphrey was one of the earliest landholders and settlers in that town ; and that to old age he 
was "a leading man in municipal and ecclesiastical matters." The Indian troubles were doubtless 
a serious hindrance and a source of great annoyance to him in his efforts to subdue the wilder- 
ness. This must have been the case during his lifetime, as it is stated that the settlers who returned 
to Simsbury, after it was burned m 1676, "lived in constant fear, and often suffered from the 
depredations of the Indians, for more than thirty years after." 

The date of death of Michael Humphrey we' have not ascertained. There was a division of 
his estate, March 19, 1695-6, at which time Samuel Humphries of Simsbury sold to his brother 
John, land which belonged tu their father, on the west side of Mill .Swamp; "as also his house 
lott : But now Since Our honord fathers Death hath fallen into Our hands and Possession. " f 

* Colonial Recordi of Conn., 167S-1689, p. 97,— Court of Election, May nth, 16S2. 
t Simshvry Town Records. 


Michael' Humphrey, m. Priscilla (dau. of Matthew) Grant, Oct. 14, 1647. See page 98. 
Children (all of ivhovi were born in Windsor, Conn. ) : 

2. I. John,'' b. 7 June, 1650; d. 14 Jan., 1697-8, x. 47; m. Hannah Griffin. Family 2.—. 

Eldest Branch. 

3. H. Mary,= b. 24 Oct., 1653 ; m. John Lewis, of Windsor, Conn., 1675.* J^s^ue: 

4. i. Samuel.^ 

5. ii. John.^ 

6. HI. Samuel,^ b, 15 May, 1656; d. 15 June, 1736, se. 80; m. Mary Mills. Family 2. — 

Youngest Branch. 

7. IV. Sarah,^ b. 6 March, 1658-9; m. Richard Burnham, of (South) Windsor, Conn., 

II June, i68o.f Siwage states that he was of Hartford, son of Thomas, of H., who 
removed to Windsor, after middle life probably, and d. in 1688. Issue: 

8. i. Hannah,' b. 1683. 

9. ii. Rebecca,' b. 1685. 

10. iii. Mercy,' bap. 22 April, 1688. 

11. iv. Mary,' bap. 18 May, 1690. 
12." V. Richard,' bap. July, 1692. 

13. vi. Martha,' bap. 28 Oct., 1694. 

14. vh. Esther,' bap. 28 March, 1697. 

15. viii. Charles,' bap. 30 July, 1699. 

16. ix. Susanna.' 

17. X. Michael,' bap. 1705. 

18. V. Martha,^ b. 5 Oct., 1663; m. John Shipman. 

19. VI. Abigail,^ b. 23 March, 1665-6; d. 27 June, 1697, se. 31; J m. Lieut. Benjamin 

Graham, of Hartford, Conn., 12 Feb., 1684. After her death he m. (2) Nov., 1698, 
Sarah Mygatt, dau. of Jacob and Sarah (Whiting) Mygatt, of H., and wid. of John 
Webster, of H., who d. 6 Dec, 1695. He d. 1725.** 

20. VII. Hannah,^ b. 21 Oct., 1669; m. (as 2d wife), Capt. Joseph Bull, of Hartford, Conn. ft 

* Of Hartford, Ct., and married i6 Jur.e. 1675 ; ace. to S. J. Chapman [Fam. 32, J.]. John Lewis died 22 April, 1713 ; had (i) John, b. 
24 Feb., 1675 : (2) Elizabeth, b. 6 March, 1681 ; (3! Sarah, b. 6 March, 1683-4 : (4) John, b. .1 Feb., 1693-4.— Stiles' History of Ancient 
Windsor, p. 677. 

t My Wife and My Mother ; Savage's Genealogical Dictionary : see also BiirnJiam Genealogy, p. 62. Richard Bumham was mar- 
ried to "Sarrah umpheries," June 11, 1680. — Hartford Records. 

t Hartford Records. 

** Goodwin's Genealogical Azotes, p. 164. 

tt ^fy JFife and My Mother, p. 48 of Genealogy,— by H. H. Barbour. His MS. gives Hannah's date of birth as 22 Oct., 1669. 




2T. Sergeant John^ Humphrey, [2] (Mkhad,^) M-as born 7 June, 1650, in Windsor, Ct. 
He married Hannah (dau. of Sergeant John and Anna Bancroft) Griffin, b. 4 July, 1649 ; and settled in 
Simsbury, Conn., where her parents resided. Sergt. Griffin was a first settler, and the first manufacturer 
of tar in the Colon)-, being in partnership or associated with Michael^ Humphrey. [See his record; 
also Fam. 7, J.-]. 

He was a prominent and respected citizen ; was the owner of considerable land,* and frequently 
engaged in the town's business. 

' Red-Book"— ^^ oldest book of Simsbury Records, in ihe Town Clerk's office, are the following entries of land to John 

* In th. 

Humphrey : 

"This Indenture Made this gth of January or 
ye County of Harford in the Coliony ot Conectic 
in the Toune, County and CoUony above Written 
ation, mee thereunto mouveing, have given, granted, entoofed, sold 
title interest, with all and singularly al the priviledges, profi' 
side the River, being part of said Land of Mill Swamp abutts at easterly and 
the lyne that goos from the said path to the Rivr beginns at a smal Walnut 
Hundred and Thirty Rodde : the s^ Tract of Land in Breadth is fifteen Rodds 
in Mille Swamp : westerly at the River : southerly on my proper aLottment : al 

'housand six hundred & Eighty three Between Michall Humphrys of Simsbury in 
in New england of the one part — and John Humphries of the Toune ol Simsbury 
the other part — Witnesseth that I the said Michall Humphries for good Consider- 

nd made 

r, L'^nto my eldest son John Humphri 
certain Tract of Land, being scituated 
the cart path that goes to Weatoug 
ree and from the said tre 
ind on Northerly syde ah' 
hich Land with y-' Bounds 

my son ful powr to record and al the premises in the booke of Records, to himselte, 
lor ever: the quantity being Twelve Accres be it more or less to the True perft 
January, 1683. 

delivered in ye presence of us 
attes. John Slater 


■s executors adn 
Df I have set to 

I my right 

he Brook ; 
the Rivr in Length on 
)n the Range of lotts. 
circumscribed : 1 give 
inistrators and assigns 
ny hand, this Ninth of 



Michll Humphries personally appeared 
and acknowledged this instrument to 
be his Iree act and deede : this 12 
Sept. 1684 before me 

John Wadsworth. Assist. 


Town Meeting, John Humph 
> Long meadow 

: received a grant of ; 

at the 

:e of boggy land lying at 
iber, 17, 1684. John and Samuel Humphries recei\ 
31st of the same month, 1685, John received another grant of five acres of lai 
etting of the Inhabitants of Simsbury, febbry 26, 1685, Giuen to John Humphr 
head of Hoppe Brooke, yi Branch of the Brook that comes behind of Wetaug( 

; of tht 


Inhabitants of Simsbury giuen to Sergt John Umphry 

ler and west syd the mountains betwen Md Swamp 
leads to Weatoug, and is to goe the whole breadth 


above was probably his ho 
The same year, February z5th, 
pnd of his house-lot. " he is to goe from his ho 
a grant of land "under the West Mountains ;" 
also "under the West Mountains." "At a t 
SIX or seuen Accres of land next the mountains 
Grant to "John Humphrie sen'." 
"Decemb"". 20th 1693, att a Genr'i Towne Metir 
land lying within the towneship of Simsbry being situat on the east syd of the Ri 
Brook on South syde said brook, and up the hill on the east syde of the path tha 
of his sonn Johns 20 Accres to the brow of the hill." 

Samuel Humphries of Simsbury sells to his brother John land which belonged to their father, west side of Mill Swamp; "as also 
his house lott : But now since Our honord fathers Death hath fallen into Our hands and Possession."— This was when a division ol the 
father's property was made, March ig, 1695-6. 

Also, in the Red Book, the following entries of land in Simsbury belonging to John Humphries, viz.: 

"one percell of Land on the east syde the Rivr given him by ye Inhabitants of Symsbury on the playae at Weatouge ivher his 
'J stands, which percell of Land conteynes seven Acc'R two Rood be it more or less & is thirty perch in Breadth & forty 
Length: abutts easterly on the High way Northerly on Nicholas Gossard his Lot westerly on the commons southerly on 

Lyn between ye sd John Humphries and Nicholas Gossard runns west and by North. (Page 46). 
percel more," &c — "which S'l land granted was six Accres — the first parcell laid out was by estimation Three 
, seventeen perches which s'l percell of land is situate up y^- Hill agamst Weatoug Houses Northwardly abutts > 
"tract of land laid out to Mr. Samuell Stone, southward it abutteth 
foot of the Mountains 


'roode ; 

"t^larke: east on y- 

"Remaynder of the Six Accres was laid out with thi 

" Humphries by y" Toune of Simsbury in company v 

"Land belonging to John Humphry, which is, 
"grant which was according to his Grant six accres 
"breadth of said nine accres is Twenty o 
"Sami Humphrey, his six accres lott the 
"abutts on Comons layd out March 16 it 

" ITiere is one parcell more of land 

parcell of Land which Andrew Hilliard bought of Josiah 
Breadth Twenty two rodds ye length Twenty-five rodds- 

IS lay<i out Southerly of Andrew Hilliards land Give 
with his Brother Sam" Humphries and layi out March i6th, 1685 or 
s, in quantity, with the remaynder of the first grante of six accres 
s being layd in one Intire peace is 9 accres and ten perches be it 
5 the lengthe is seventy rodds ; the s<l land abutts North syd on Eli 
end fals on a litl Brook that runnes doun the Hill and abutt 

86." (Page 45.I 

Simsburj , belonging to John Humphery situated westward of hoppi 

I John 


iim ye 


md the secoi 

re or less, t 

;iias Gillit south . 

commons east ei 

Jan. 14, 1674, the Great Pond was granted to a company, one of whom was "John Hum- 
phries," on condition that they should drain it in three years, else it should return to the town. 

May, 1677, he was one of ten petitioners, residents of Simsbury, who prayed the General 
Court that the taxes raised for public charges might "be levied only upon lans," in view of the 
fact that their town had suffered, in the recent Indian War, more heavily than the other plantations 
in the Colony ; see arite. 

Nov. 22, 1682, he was chosen "fence-viewer," and again, Dec. 17, 1684, with John Moses, 
' ' whos ranges of fence to view are on both sides of the riuer from Hopp brook to Farraington 
bounds;" also March 15, 1694-5, "John Humphrie, Sen'', was chosen fence viewer for East side." 

In May, 1683, he was one of 32 who signed an agreement to "cast lots to see where the 
meeting-house shall stand." 

Dec. 31, 1685, John Slater, Joshua Holcomb, and "John Humphries " were chosen a com- 
mittee "to run the town bownds." Aug. 14, 1685, he was one of a committee of nine appointed 
to procure a minister. He was also one of a committee appointed by the town to join a committee 
of the Gen' Court to measure certain town bounds, which they did Dec. 7, 1688. 

In 1693, " sergt. John Vmphry " was on the town list; in the town rate for this year ap- 
pears " Serg' John Humphries, \bs. dd." 1696, in Dudley Woodbridge's (the minister's) rate, Sergt. 
John was assessed £\. 10. 5.; in the Town rate the same year, ^^o. 7. 7. i.; June 20, 1697, he 
signed an agreement about the minister's wood. 

He died 14 Jan., 1697-8, aged 47. The inventory of his estate, as exhibited by his eldest 
son John, 3 who, with Samuel,^ brother of the deceased, was appointed administrator, is dated 
January 14th,* 1697-8, and amounts to .^266. "The Relicss of serg' John Humphry's are Seuen 
viz' John, Thomas, Nathaniell, Samuell and Joseph Humphryes. His daughters two Viz' Mary and 
Abigaile Humphrys." ( Har/ford Probate Records, VI., 12, reverse pp. 30, 31, 32.) Another inven- 
tory, {in Simsbu?y Probate Records, II., 48,) occupies a page, mentioning fifteen acres of land bought 
of his father, cattle, corn, " 3 guns, pistoll & holbard," "carpenter's and cooper's tools in shop," 
etc., amounting in all to ;^24 1-5-6. "Samuel Humphries was one of the appraisers. 

"John Vmphries, son of John, deceased, of Simsbury, was empowered to confirm a division 
of land and housing agreed upon between his father and Samuel V. in the life-time of his father, 
&c. , &c., May 12th, 1698. — Conn. Col. Records. 

" Mountain also the said land was given to ye sd J H., by the inhabitants of Simsbury at twise and S'l land belongs to him the sd J. H." 
"&c, "the first grant was layJ out but the Recorde being lost by fire there bemg a second grant to the s'l J. H. the grants were laid 
"out in one Intire parcell as foloweth. the first buttment was set by ye spruce swamp at the southerly end of said swamp at a whit 
"oak; from wc'" s'i whit oak measured Northwest si.\ty six rodds to another whit oak — which was sot lor the buttment of the first 
"grant then turned the square west and by north and measured to a stooping Tree that standeth on the southerly syd the brooke fifty 
"rodds from which said stooping tree turned the square N. & by E., & measured to ye Mountain forty seven rods, then markt a ches- 
"nut Tree from whence turning the squar more eastwardly measured to Saml H's Bounds and found it fifty five rodds seting a stake 
"and stones, at the east end of the lot it butted upon the spruce swamp and from his first buttment at the southerly end of the spruce 
" swamp measured seventy five rods tor the breadth where was a small whit oake marked which is a burnt tree that stands for a part- 
" ing stake between ye said John H. and his brother Samuel which said land thus bounded contayues by estimation 31 accres-and 2 rods, 
"be it more or less." (Page 45) 

"There is one parcell Marsh land on Hoppe brooke given him by the toune of Simsbury, being scituate on the second branch of 
" Hoppe Brook : this s'l land being given to y-- said John Humphrys, &c." — " the end comes over the southerly branch of s<l brook which 
"comes thereabout into the second branch of s'l Hoppe Brook, the breadth is seventeen rodd and so it is at the west end of said lot 
"the; length of sd lot is 49 rodds — the quantity of said land is by estimation foure accres three Rood and Twenty thre perches be it more 
"or less." (Page 45.) 

"There is one parcell more belonging to John Humphries, &c. which sJ piece of land is scituate on that branch of hoppe brook 
" called the south branch which branch comes from ye west mountains and said brooke was set by the Name of onion Broke, by reason 
"of the many wild onions that grew there the said land being a little distant from the west mountain : the first butments was at the 
"west end measuring over thawrt ye sd Tract of land upon a north Northeast lyne found it fourteen rodds, measured from thence east 
"ward down the brook for the length of sixty rodds the breadth at ye east end is 28 rods and runns from the comer bound on the 
"north syd ye lot south south west ye sd parcel of land and is estimated seven accres three roods & Twenty perches, be it more or 
"less, abutts wholly on ye commons." (Page 46.) 

* "John Humphrie his estate who dyed on the 14th of January 1698-7" &c. — Shnsbury Prob. Rec. 







2 5- 




2 7- 




Children of Sergt. John = : * 

JoHN,3 b. i8 Nov., 1671 ; d. 31 Dec. 1732; m. Sarah (Pettibone) Mills. Family 3. 

Mary,3 b. 14 April, 1674; probably married Wadsworth.f 

Thomas,3 b. I Sept., 1676; d. 23 Oct., 1714, a?. 38; m, Hannah Hillyer. Family 4. 
Abigail,^ b. 8 N.iv., 1678; (bap. Feb. 6, 1697-8); m. Cridley, of Farming- 
ton, Conn. 

Nathaniel. 3 b. 3 ;\Iarch, 1680; d. Dec, 1711, ae. 31; m. Agnes Spencer. Family 5. 
Sami-el,3 b. 1684; d. 20 Sept., 1725, a\ 41 ; m. Mary Eno. Family 6. 
Joseph, 3 ni. Abigail Griffin. Family 7. 


29. Deacon John' Humphrey, [22] ( Sergt. John," Muhael,' ) wm born i8 Nov., 1671, in 
Simsbury, Ct. He married, 6 July, 1699, Sarah (widow of John Mills, and dau. of John, Sen.) 
Pettibone. J She was born in 1665, and died 3 Apr., 1748, ae. 83 years.** They settled in Sims- 
bury, where he w'as an esteemed and active citizen ; was deacon of the Congregational church in 
that town. He died 31 Dec, 1732, ae. 61.** 

We obtain the following in relation to Dea. John 3 Humphrey from the Simsbury Records: 
Nov. 14, 1687, " [ohn Humphries Junior had 20 acres granted, under the mountains, north of 
Mr. Stone's grant." He was then 16 years of age. "John Humphries sold his house lot at Hop 
Meadow to Sargt. Buel," deed written "in 1695 in the yth year of the reign of King William,' 
but not signed till May 27, 1700. Town rate for 1696, "John Humphrey, Jr., 0-2-3-3,"; Dud- 
ley Woodbridge's rate for the same year (the minister's rate), — "Jno Humphry Jr. 0-9-7." [May 13, 
1697, a fine of 40 shillings was imposed on Jno Humphrey, of Simsbury, by the General As- 
sembly, for taking down some part of the common fence. — Conn. Col. Records.^ Jan. 26, 1698-9, 
"John & Thomas Humphries had 30 acres granted on the pine plain between the river and the 
west mountain." April, 1704, John 3 had land surveyed, also, April 16, 1707, — "land which was 
laid out long ago." May, 6, 1707, he signed an agreement, with many others, "to carry on the 
copper mines." [See Fam. 17, S.'^ Also, foot-note to Fam. 2, S.^] Sept. 6, 1726, "John Hum- 
phris Sen"^" gave a deed to son Benajah, which was witnessed by "John Humphry, Jr."; also 
a deed to his son John (date not known); and April 8, 1731, to "daughter Hannah, wife of 
Joseph Case, Jr." 

* Dates of birth of the children of Sergt. John Humphrey, as recorded in the " Red Book '* at Simsbury : 

John Humphries, the first sone of John Humphries was Borne the eighteenth of Nouember one Thousand six hundred seveenty one, 

Marv Hi;mphries, the first daughter of John Humphries was Borne the Fourteenth of Aprill one Thousand six hundred and 
seventy Foure. 

Thomas Humphries, the second Son of John Humphries was Born the first of September one Thousand six hundred and seventy 
six. He was Baptizecf 6 February 1697-8. 

Abigall Hu.mphriet., the second Daughter of John Hun.phries was Borne the eight of Nouember one Thousand six hundred and 
seveenty eight. She was Baptized 6 February 1607-S. 

Nathamell Humphries, the Third son of John Humphries was Borne the third of March one Thousand six hundred eighty. Ho 
was Baptized 6 February 1697-8. 

These are the children born to John Humphries son of sd Michall Humphries which was borne to him by his Wife Hannah wh.i 
was the daughter of Sergent John Griffin. 

In the record of deaths is the following : "Sargi. John Humphries the father of John, Mary, Thomas and Abigail H, & Nathaniell 
H, dyed the 14th. of January 1607-8. 

t Mary Humphrey, who married Wadsworth, resided in Farmington -April 2, 1725, when she deeded, to Joseph Humphrey, 

land that came to her from her father's estate. — Simsbury Records. See Goodwin's Genealogical Notes, concerning Wadsworths of Farm, 
cngton and Hartford. Mary married Dr. Samuel Porter, of Farmington, ace. to S. J. Chapman, [Fam. 32, J.) 

{ A deed, dated July 21, 1718, shows that "John Humphris" married Sarah Pettibone, dau. of John Pettibone, late of Simsbury, 
deceased. Simsbury Records. In the "Red V>c>(^'^ ( Simsbury Records' is the following: "John Humphri the son of John Humphri was 
married to Sarah his wife July ye 6th day 1699 the daughter of John Pettibon, her first husbands Name was John Mills." 

■* Simsbury Records. 


January 2, 1735-6, Benajah and IMichael Huniphre}', of Simsbury, and Daniel Humphrey, 
of Derby, with Joseph Case, Jr., and Hannah Case, to settle the estate of their honored father 
John Humphrey, of Simsbur}', dec.<^, deed unto their brother John Humphrey, of Simsbury, land 
"which was formerly granted unto our honored Grandfather, John Humphrey of said Simsbury, 
long since deceased. ' 

Dea. John 3 Humphrey served the town in various ways: Dec. 20, 1703, he was chosen 
surveyor of highways on the East Side; Dec. 13, 1711-12, fence viewer for the south part of the 
town; Dec. 1713, was also chosen fence viewer; May 18, 1713, member of the School Committee; 
Dec. 15, 1715, grand juryman; May 29, 1717, was appraiser of the estate of Dea. John Slater; 
October, 171 7, w'as freeman; Dec. 26, 171 7, chosen Town Clerk, also Dec. 16, 171 8, and Dec. 
22, 1719, April 29, 1718 "John Humphries Sen." was one of a committee "to seat the meeting- 
house"; surveyor, 1718; witness, Nov. 7, 1718; Dec. 22, 1719, was one of a committee about 
town bounds. 

The inventory of his estate, (not footed) w-as dated March 2, 1732-3, (Hartford Probate Rec, 
xi., 292); letters of administradon were granted to his son Michael,'' and John Humphrey, 3 July, 
1733; and final disposition of estate, dated 3 March, 1732-3, was made by agreement signed by 
widow and children, (Hartford Probate Rec, xi., 93; xiii., 214 j. 

Children : * 

^o. I. ToHN,-* 1 f d. 2 Nov., 1760. se. 60; m. Lydia Reed. Family 8. 

•^ ■' [ b. 17 March, 1 700-1 ; \ 

31. n. H.\NNAH,'t ) ( m. 7 Dec., 1721, Dea. Joseph (son of Joseph and 

Anna Eno) Case,t b. 2 Feb., 1700, d. 12 ]\Iar. , 1782. They resided on the paternal 
homestead in Meadow Plain, Simsburv. 

32. i. Joseph, '^ b. 30 Nov., 1722 ; d. 13 Feb., iSoi ; m. (i) Mary Fuller ; m. (2) Sarah Reed. 

33. ii. Hannah,' b. 25 March, 1725; m. (i) Nearing; m. (2) Fuller. 

34. iii. Anna,* b. 28 January, 1728 ; m. (i) Joseph Webster ; m. (2) as 2d wife, 1790, Dea. Abra- 

ham,* (son of Bartholomew and Mary' Humphrey) Case, b. 20 Aug., 1720, d. 13 
Mar., 1800. Res. West Simsbury, Ct. [Fam. 2 (11) S.-] 

35. iv. Asahel,' b. 23 Mch., 1729 ; m. Phelps ; settled at Norfolk, Ct. 

36. V. Dea. Hosea,= b. 23 Mch. 1731; d. 7 May, 1793; m. 11 Apr. 1751, Mary'" (dau. of Dea. 

Thomas'" and Elizabeth Woodford) Case, b. 5 Aug. 1732, d. 2g July, 1817. [Fam. 2 
(5) S.^] They removed from Meadow Plain to Chestnut Hill, in West Simsbury, about 
1752. After the death of her husband, Mary' Case married, as 2d wife, Richard 
Case, 3d. — Issue: (i) Mary,'' b. 8 Apr. 1752; m. John Hills, of Burlington; (2) 
Elizabeth,* b. 26 June, 1754; d. 9 June, 1826; m. 1775, Reuben (son of Johu, Sen., 
and Lydia Reed) Barber, t b. 1751, d. 182$.— /ssiu-: 

(a) Reuben ' (Barber), b. 1776 ; d. 1841 ; (/) Hosea' (Barber), b. 178S ; m. Han- 

m. Lucretia Sloan. nah Fuller. 

(6) Mary' (Barber), h. 1778; d: 1804; (g) Starling" (Barber), b. 1790; d. 

m. Jonathan Noble. 1801. 

(c) Sadosa' (Barber), b. 17S0; d. i860; (//) Alson ' (Barber), b. 1792; m. 16 
m. Sarah Cleaveland. Nov. 1814, Hannah i' Humphrey, 

(i/) Elizabeth' (Barber), b. 1782; m. [Fam. 67, S.=] 

* Dates of birtti of ttie ctiildren of Dea. John Humphrey, as recorded in the " Red Book," Simsbury : — 
John Humphry, the Son of John Humphris born the seuenteenth of March 1700-1. 
Hannah Humphris, the daughter of John Humphris born the seuenteenth of March 1704^1 twins. 
Ben-ajah Humphris, the son of John Humphris born the twentieth of December 1701. 

t These records are copied from Goodwin's Gi^n, Notes, pp. 295, 296, 297, 299, and Early Settlers q/'H'est Sivisbury, pp. 45, 137, 
138 ; } p. 28. 


(I) Josiah Harrison; m. (2) Zimn (;•) Sarah' (Barber), b. 1794; d. 1822; 

Barber, jun. m. Harvey Pike. 

{e) Phebe" (Barber), b. 1785; d. 1838; 

m. Uri Cooke. 

(3) Hosea,' b. 6 Oct. 1756; d. 11 Oct. 1834; m. Rhoda= Case [Fam. 2 (8) S.-]; m. 
(2) 1787, Sarah (dau. of Solomon, Sen.) Buel, b. 1760, d. 1838. Res. West Simsbury. 

(4) Asa,« b. 9 Dec. 1758; d. 26 Feb. 1837; m. (i) 28 Jan. 1781, Lois (dau. of -Solo- 
mon) Dill, b. 29 Mch. 1759, d. 5 Aug. 1812 ; m. (2) before Aug. I, 1835, Thede 
(widow of Benajah'* Humphrey [Fam. 69, S.-], and dau. of Capt. Zaccheus and 
Abigail Barber) Case, b. 1766, d. 15 Apr. 1851. Res. on Chestnut Hill.— /j-.fKc .■ 

(a) Lois,' b. 25 Oct. 1782 ; d. 23 Sept. {g) Hosea,' b. 13 June, 1794 ; d. 29 

1783- Aug. 1827; m. (I) Thede Maria" 

{6) Lorenda,' (twin of Lois'), b. 25 Oct. Humphrey [Fam. 69, S.-]; m. (2) 

1782 ; d. 31 May, 1787. Charlotte Mills. 

(c) Asa,' b. I Dec. 1786; m. Hepzibah (/() Lois,' b. 23 Dec. 1796; d. 1846; 

Buel. m. Solomon V. (son of Solomon, Jr.) 

(ii) Dosa,' b. 7 Mch. 17S8; m. Tirzahi^ Case. 

Case, h. 4 Sept. 1788. [Fam. 2 (8) S.-] (/) Lorenda,' b. 24 Mch. 1799 ; d. 30 
(f) Bera,' b. 22 July, 1790 ; d. 1865 , Jan. 1833 ; m. Orson Reed. 

m. Sarah* Humphrey. [Fam. 69, S.-] (/) Milton,' b. 19 Feb. 1801 ; m. 
{/) Daughter,' b. 25 May, 1793 ; d. Eunice Reed. 

22 June, 1793. 

(5) Dora,<^ b. Apr. 1761 ; d. 12 Oct. 1778; (6) Lydia," b. 25 Aug. 1763; m. Ben- 
jamin (son of John, Sen., and Lydia Reed) Barber, b. 1759 ; d. 1835 ; (7) Rosanna,' 
b. 6 May, 1766 ; d. 21 Oct. 1839 ; m. Peter Buel ; (8) Titus," b. 14 Feb. 1769 ; d. 
20 July, 1845 ; m. (i) 28 Jan. 1790, Rebecca Eggleston ;* m. (2) Phebe Tuttle. Res. 
West Simsbury, Ct. — /sstie : 

(a) Rebecca,' b. 14 Nov. 1790 ; m. John (d) Francis-Hiram,' b. i Oct. 1797 ; 

Garrett. m. Lucinda (dau. of Capt. Uriah 

(^) Sarah,' b. 6 May, 1793; m. as 2d wife, and Eunice Dill) Case, b. 19 Sept. 

Calvin (son of Eli and Athildred Curtis) 1796. 

Case, b. 1782, d. 1859. His first wife (c) Mary,' b. 20 Apr. 1800 ; d. 1808. 

was Dianthe' Humphrey. [Fam. 34, J.-] (/) Polly,' b. 23 Apr. 1809; m. Cal- 

(c) Titus S.,' b. 23 Apr. 1796; d. 1835; m. vin Casei Jr. 
Terrissa" Humphrey. [Fam. 69, S.-] 
(9) Eunice," b. 20 Aug. 1771 ; m. Arba (son of Nathaniel, Jun., and Abigail Hill) 

Alford ; (lo) Lodamia," b. 31 July, 1774; m. Aaron (son of Asahel) Case ; (11) 
Phebe," b. 14 July, 1776, d. 14 Dec. 1845; m. (I) Philemon AndrUS; m. (2) 

Elam (son of Sergt. Daniel, 2d, and Mary Watson) CaSSi b. 10 May, 1772, d. 8 
July, 1848. 

37- vi. Jedediah,'^ b. 30 Mch. 1733; d. 11 Jan. 1818; m. 10 May, 1758, Mary Hart, of Farmington. 

Res. on the paternal homestead in Meadow Plain. Issue: — (l) Jedediah," b. 13 July, 
1759; d. 28 Apr. 1858; m. (i) Lattice TuUer ; m. (2) Roxana" (widow of Israel 
Graham, and dau. of Moses and Lucy' Wilcct) Case, b. abt. 1774 [Fam. 2 (22), 
S.2]; (2) Elihu," b. 16 Jan. 1761 ; d. 13 Jan. 1822; m. Faithy" (dan. of Dea. Solo- 
mon* and Anna Case) Case, b. 1774, d. 10 Feb. 1850, [See below (38)]; (3) Hum- 

* In Goodwin's Gen. Notes is given "Sarah Eggleston"; see p. 296. 


phrey,'' b. 29 Aug. 1762 ; m. Harrington. Settled in Barkhamsted, Ct. (4) Phebe 

T.», b. 12 Aug. 1765; d. 18 Feb. 1823; (5) Hezekiah/ b. iiMch. 1769; m. Cynthia 
Eno ; (6) Elizabeth, « b. 2 Feb. 1771 ; m. Elisha Tuller, Jr.; (7) Horatio G.«, b. 21 
Sept. 1777 ; d. 2 July, 1853 ; m. Hepzibah Cornish. 

38. vii. Dea. Solomon,''' b. 11 Mch. 1735; d. 3 July, 1811 ; m. 11 May, 1758, Anna (dau. of Jacob 

and Abigail Barber) Case, b. 9 Apr. 1740, d. 6 Apr. 1817. Removed from Meadow 
Plain to Cases' Farms, in Simsbury, about 1758. Issue; — (i) Anna," b. 29 Apr. 1759; 
m. Jonathan Allen; (2) Hannah," b. 28 June, 1761; m. Allen Smith; (3) Abigail," 
b. 6 May, 1763; m. Aaron CaSe ; (4) Chloe,« b. 8 Mch. 1769; d. 15 Apr. 1820; m. 
Abel (son of John and Lydia Reed) Barber, 1). 1765, d. 1817. His brother Benja- 
min m. Lydia" Case, and his brother Reuben m. Elizabeth" Case, daus. of Dea. 
Hosea". [See (36).] (5) Solomon," b. 1771; d. 28 Jan. 1831; m. Chloe (dau. of Edward 
and Zeruah Lawrence) Case, b. 2 Feb. 1780, d. 22 Mch. 1847; (6) Faithy," b. 1774; 
d. 10 Feb. 1850; m. Elihu" (son of Jedediah" and Mary Hart) Case. [See (37).]. 
(7) Wealthy," b. 1776; d. 31 Aug. 1850; (8) Dianthe", b. abt. I778;'m. Zephaniah AmeS ; 
(9) Jacob," b. I Jan. 1781; m. i Jan. 1806, Sally H. Montague, b. 10 May, 1781. Res. 
on the paternal homestead in Cases' Farms. Issue: 

{a) Emeline,' b. 21 Oct. 1806; d. 21 (/) Lucia D.", b. 17 Sept. 1815; d. 9 
Jan. 1811. Aug. 1852; m. Luke S. West. 

(b) Sarah Ann,' b. 20 Mch. 1808; m. (g) Jacob B.', b. 11 Sept. 1817; ni. 
Dr. John C. Howe. Julia Stannard. 

(c) Mary Ann' (twin of Sarah Ann'), (/;) Theodore D.', b. 8 Sept. 1819; m. 
b. 20 Mch. 1808; m. Whiting Elvira Whiting. 
WadsWOrth. (0 Emily S.', b. 27 Feb. 1822; m. 

(d) Juliette E.', b. 4 Apr. 1810; m. William Weeks. 
Amos G. Tuttle. 

(e) Susan M.', b. 31 Dec. 181 1; m. 

James F. G. Andrews. 

39. viii. Benajah,' b. 10 Aug. 1738; m. Lydia Woodrufif. 

40. ix. Sarah,"' b. 1743: d. 1795; m. Timothy PhelpS. 

41. III. Benajah,'* b. 20 Dec. 1701 ; d. 4 Aug. 1772, ae. 71 ; m. Thankful Hoskins. Family 9. 

42. IV. Michael,'' b. 20 Nov., 1703;* d. 1778, ee. 75; m. Mercy* Humphrey. Family 10. 

43. V. Daniel,"* b. 1707; d. 2 Sept., 1787, ae. 80; ni. Sarah Riggs. Family 11. 


44. Thomas^ Humphrey, [24J (Sei-g/. Jolm^, Michael\) was bom i Sept. 1676, in 
Simsbury, Ct. , and baptized 6 Feb. 1 697-8. f He married Hannah (dau. and only child of Andrew) 
Hillyer, and settled in Simsbur}- ; was a farmer. 

The Simsbuiy Rirords give the following: Dec. 28, 1698, "Tho. Humphrie had a grant 
of two acres of land as a home lot, that was formerly giuen to John dibble, he is to build on it 
within the space of 4 years, or it returns to the towns disposal. " It was at ' ' Weatouge, on the 
east side of the riuer." Thomas^ was 22 years old at that date. Jan. 26, 1698-9, "John & Thomas 
Humphries had 30 acres granted on the pine plain, between the riuer and the west mountain." 
April 28, 1702, "Thomas Humphry witnessed Jere Gyllet's deed to John Humphries." May 6, 

* " Micah humphris third son of John hiimphris of Simsbury. was b, Nov. 20, 1703." — Sitnsbury Records. Probably the name 
should have been read Mical. 

t John Humphrey, of Simsbury. was appointed guardian over Thomas Humphrey, a minor. — Hartford Prob. Records. 


1/07, he signed an agreement, with many others, "to carry on the copper mines.'' [See Fam. 17, 
S. ^J. June 10, 1 710, he "mortgaged land in Simsbury to Ehzabeth Wilson, widow and shop- 
keeper, of Hartford. " 

He paid rates in 1699, 1700. 1701 ; held various town offices; Jan. 27, 1700-1, was chosen 
"waywarden or surveyor of highwayes " for the East side of the river; Dec. 25, 1706, collector; 
Jan. 8, 1706-7, constable; Dec. 13, 1709, fence viewer for the south end of the town of Simsburv ; 
December, 1713, was again chosen constable; Jan. 9, 1717-18, the "Town Remitts the heirs of 
Thomas humphris from Gathering the Ratts of John Jaxon which was dew to the minister in the 
year 1712." 

In giving the amount of rods of fence on the east side of Farmington river, the Humphreys 
are mentioned as follows: "Thomas Humphris, 37 1-2 rods; Samuel Humphris sen, 11 rods; 
Lt. Humphris, 40 rods; John Humphris, 08 rods; Samuel Humphris John's son. 27 1-2 rods; J° 
Humphris, 70 rods." There is no date, but as "Samuel 3 Humphrey, Johns son," died Sept. 20, 
1725, it is supposed to have been prior to that time. 

He died 23 Oct. 1714, as. 38 years. The inventory of his estate was taken 17 Nov. 1714, 
— amount ^211-6-5; mention made of carpenters' tools and "the -home lot that was his fathers." 
His widow, who married again after his death,* neglected to take the letters of administration 
which had been granted to her (April 4, 1715); so that, 4 Feb., 1717-18, letters were granted to 
her husband, Dea. James Cornish. In the final distribution of the estate, made 25 Nov., 1726, by 
Joseph Case, Lt. Samuel Humphreys and Samuel Humphreys, Jr., the widow received .;^3S-8-7, 
the son Thomas, ^^59-1 8-6, (being his double portion) and each of the other children, /'29-19-3. 
(Hartford Probate Records, viii., 246; ix., 34, 50; x., 123, 137.) 
Children : 

45. I. Dos.'V,'' b. 14 Jan. 1707; Thomas Humphrey had a son born to him January 14 "& 

that day dyed." — Supposed to be Dosa. 

46. n. Thomas,* d. 13 May. 1765, ae. 57; m. Abigail Collyer. Family 12. 

47. HI. Damaris,-* m. John Pettibone, Jr., of Simsbury, Conn., 24 Dec. 1723, ( Simsbwy 

Records.) Child:. 

48. Charity °, b. 1744; m. 22 Sept. 1763, Sylvanus* Humphrey, and resided in Simsbury, Ct. 

[See Fam. 21, S.-] She m. (2) Elisha Cornish) and had several children; one son 
res. in Onondaga County, N. Y. Giles, son of Elisha and Charity Cornish, was born 
Apr. 8, 1780. — Simsbury Records. He is said to have resided in Canandaigua, N. Y. 
Her 3d husband was Dea. Amasa Case ; f and in the Hop Meadow Burying- ground 
is the following inscription: "Charity, Consort of Dea. Amasa Case, d. Oct. 25, 1803, 
aged 59 years. 'When such friends part 'tis the survivor dies.'" 

49. W. Hannah,* m. (i) William Moses, 20 Nov., 1738, (Simsbury Records) by whom she had 

a son and two daughters; m. (2) Benjamin (son of John and Sarah Pettibone) Mills, 
and twin brother of Joseph Mills ; resided in Simsbury, Conn. 

* Dea. James Cornish and Hannah Humphries, " widow and Relick " to Thomas Humphries, Dec'd, both of Simsbury, were m. 
April 15, 1715. The Deacon's wife Elisabeth had d. Jan. 25, 1713-14. By his second wife Hannah, he had son Gabriel, b. May 25, 1716: 
and one dau. Jemima, b. Nov. 20, 1718. — Tou>n Kecen-iis. James and Hannah Comish, "for looe and affection to Thomas Humphris," deed 
him land at Turkey Hills, May 28, 1729. Febmary 10, 1735-6, Thomas Humphrey deeds land to "his mother Hanna Comish, wife of 
Dea. James Comish." January 4, 1743-4, Hannah Comish, mother of .Gabriel, deeds land to him 

1 In Goodwin's Genealogical Motes we find the following ; Amasa Case, b. 18 Oct. 1731. son ol James and Esther (Fithin) Case. 01 
Terry's Plain, Simsbury, Ct., d. 18 Aug. 1824. He married five wives. * * His fourth wife was widow Charity Comish, 

daughter of John Pettibone, 3d. She died Octobers. 1803, aged 53. His 5th wife was widow Sarah Graham, dau. of Benajah Humphrey. 
[See Fam. g 104) J.] It will be observed that the date of death of the 4th wife of Pea. .■imasa Case, as here given, differs from the m- 
scription in Hop Meadow Burying-ground : and the name is given "widow Chanty Cornish." [See foot-note Co Fam. 5, S.] This is ex- 
plained by the statement that widow Charily (Pettibone) Humphrey m. (2) Elisha Comish ; and had a son Giles. Elisha, b. 7 Dec. 1748, 
son of Ehsha and Charity Comish, Simsbury Records: was he the husband of Chanty? Elisha Comish is mentioned as one of the 
children of Elisha and Hepzibah (Humphrey) Comish, who were married 25 Sept. 1740. [See Fam. 5. S.] There may be some confusion 
of records on account of similarity of names and dates in different families. 

50. V. Martha,* m. Jonathan Pettibone, and resided in Simsbury, Conn. James Cornish was 

appointed guardian over Martha Humphrey, a minor of Simsbur}'. (Hartford Probate 
Records, x., 125). Issue: 

51. i. Rosanna', m. E. WllCOXJ died at Norfolk, Conn.; had descendants. 

52. ii. Annis^, ra. Capt. Joseph'' Humphrey. [Fam. 32, J.-] 

53. iii. Giles', m. (I) Desire" (dau. of Col. Jonathan*) Humphrey. [For children, see Fam. 17, S.-] 

He m. (2) Margaret Holcomb. Children: — (I) Jonathan;* (2) Serene*; (3) Levi*; 
(4) Isaiah*; (5) Rufus*; (6) Lucy*, m. A. PhslpS; (7) Jerusha*, died single. 

54. iv. Ozias,'* m. Sybil Guernsey. Children: — (i) Chauncey*; (2) Ozias*; (3) Annis*, m. 

Hayes ; (4) jane*, m. Dr. Jewett; (5) Sybil*, m. Joshua R. Jewett. 

55. V. Col. Jonathan'', b. 12 Aug. 1741; m. Feb. 1769, Hannah" Owen, b. 13 May, 1749, dau. of 

John and Esther* (Humphrey) Owen. [Fam. 4, S.-] He d. 20 Mch. 1826, se. 85; and 
she d. 9 Apr. 1826, as. 77. 

56. vi. Abijah*, m. (i) Dorcas Cornish; m. (2) Ruth (dau. of Abel) Pettibone; by 1st wife, he had 

three sons and three daughters. 


57- NathanieP Humphrey, [26] {Sergt. John,^ Michael,') was bom 3 Mch., 1680, in 
Simsbury, Conn.; and baptized 6 Feb., 1697-8. He married, 14 March, 1708-9 ( Hartford Records ) , 
Agnes (dau. of Samuel* and Sarah) Spencer, of Hartford, Ct. She died 11 Apr. 1773, ae. 84. He re- 
sided in Hartford until his death, which occurred in December, 171 1, at the age of 31. 

April 13, 1708, "Nathaniel Humphry of Hartford, smith," deeds land in Simsbury, "at 
\^'eatogue, East Side, " to his brother "Thomas Humphry, carpenter.'' Said land is "a part of the 
Home lot of their father, which was distributed to them;" mentions brother "John Humphry. ' 

Nathaniel Humphreys, of Hartford, was one of the creditors ordered to be paid by State, by 
order of Governor and Council, August 8, 171 1, for goods "bought impressed or taken in Hartford 
County for use of expedition to Canada." His claim was £o-6s.-id. — Col. Rec. of Conn., 1706-1716. 
The inventory of his estate was exhibited 7 April, 171 2, letters of administration having been 
granted to his widow, 7 Jan. 1711-12. (Hartford Probate Records, viii., 44, 68, 100). His widow, 
in Oct., 1 71 5, married Lieut. John (son of Samuel) Hubbard, of Hartford, born in Aug., 1691, by 
whom she had several children, f 

Children : 
58. L DosiTHEUS,-'! b. 4 Dec, 1709; d. before 2 Aug., 1763; m. 23 May, 1734, (Hartford 

Records ), Anne Griswold, of Windsor, Conn. She was born 28 May, 1708, dau. of Ben- 
jamin and Elizabeth (Cook) Griswold, of W. ** See Appendix H., for possible descendants 
of Dositheus* Humphrey. 

* Samuel Spencer was the son of William Spencer, one of the first settlers of Hartford. For genealogy of his descendants, see 
Goodwin's Genenhgicat iVott's, p. 310. It is worthy o( notice that Sarah Spencer, sister of Samuel, married, about 1657, John Case, so 
many of whose descendants have intermarried with the Humphreys family. See p. 275. Ideyn, for record of John Case. 

t See Goodwin's Gen. Notes and Stiles' Hist. 0/ Ancient Windsor, for descendants. 

X His name is found entered on the Hartford Records, as "Dorotheus" in connection with his date of birth. This is evidently a 
mistake, as in the later entries it is written Dositheus. 

** Stiles' Hist. 0/ .-Indent Windsor. In Hartford T{nt<n Recen-ds [v., 610,) is a deed, dated 20 Sept. 1731, from Joseph Cook, of 
Hartford, to his kinsman Dositheus Humphrey, of the same town, " in consideration of Loue and affection." Dositheus Humphrey, also, 
purchased land, Mch. 27, 1738-9, of Robert Webster iit>fd, vi. 298): also, Mch. 12, 1760, of several Hookers and Goodriches, tibid, x., 11); 
and .'idid. xi., 309.) Oct. 5, 1761. sells one acre to Daniel Steele — from which it is evident that he was a resident of Hartford. The in- 
ventory of his estate, wherein he is described as "late of Hartford," is dated 2 August, 1763, and is large, but not footed ; administration 
was granted to Daniel Butler, Benjamin Payne and George Lord. July ^o. 1763. and distribution of estate ordered, 26 May, 1764, to Ann 
his widow) of her right of dower, "as should least discommode the creditors." ( Hartford Probate Records, xix., 149 79, 112: xx., 16). 

The Simsbury Records give the following: — May 19. 1739, "Dositheus Humphrey, Cyprian Nichols Jr., and Agness Nichols, wife of 
said Cyprian Nichols, all of Hartford, deeded to Benajah Humphrey, of Simsbury, 28 acres of land on Mill Swamp brook." [This was 
probably land which had helr.nged to their father Nathaniel Humphrey.] They also quitclaimed, at the same time, an undivided interest 
in land "surveyed unto John Humphrey of said Simsbury, Long since Deceased & Now Lyeth undivided amongst the heirs of said-, 
John Humphrey." 

59- n. Agnes,'' b. 1711; d. 29 Dec. 1793, ae. 82; died of small-pox. She m. (i) 1732, her 
cousin Cyprian (son of Capt. Cyprian and Mary Spencer) Nichols, of Hartford, who 
was bap. 14 Feb. 1706; and d. 1745, aged 39. She m. (2) Capt. Isaac Seymour, of 
Hartford, Ct., b. 10 Oct. 1723, son of John and Lydia (Mason) Seymour ; gr. son of 
John and Elizabeth (Webster) Seymour ; gr. gr. son of John and Mary (Watson) Se)- 
mour ; gr. gr. gr. son of Richard and Mercy ( — ) Seymour. He died 14 January, 
1755, in his 32d year. Issue (by 1st marriage): 

60. i. RacheP (Nichols), bap. 18 Nov., 1733. 

61. ii. George' (Nichols), bap. 13 Dec. 1741; m. Eunice , who d. Apr. 1794, aged 48. 

Issue (by 2d marriage) : 

62. in. Isaac ° (Seymour). 

63. iv. Lydia° (Seymour).* 


64. Captain SaiTIUeP Humphrey, [27] (Sergt. John'', Michael\) was born 1684, in 
Simsbury, Ct. He married Mary (dau. of James) Eno, of Windsor, Conn., and settled in Simsbury. 
Mary Eno, dau. of James, Jr., and Abigail (Bissell) Eno, was born 5 May, 1691. — Stiles' Hist, of 
Ancient Windsor. 

We find on the Simsbury Records as follows: April 29, 1706, "Samuel Humphreies son of 
Sargt John Humphries had land surveyed at Weatague ; " Jan. , 8, 1706-7, deeded land which came 
to him from his father, deceased; 1707, witnessed a deed; Dec, 29, 1712, had a grant of two 
acres of land on the easterly side of his house-lot; October, 171 7, was made freeman; July 8, 
1719, a deed was acknowledged before "me Sam" Humphris Johns son Justice a peace;" Dec, 22, 
1 71 9, had three acres granted for a home lot.f 

He held various town offices ; was chosen constable, Dec, 18, 1710, Dec, 13, 1711-12, Dec, 
6, 1714, Dec, 15, 1715, and Dec, 18, 1716; lister, Dec, 26, 1717; selectman, Dec, 22, 1719; 
had ear-mark Jan., 171 6-1 7. 

He died 20 Sept., 1725, aged 41 years.J The inventory of his estate, taken Nov., 5, 1725, 
but not footed, mentions lands, carpenters' tools, etc. (Hartford Probate Records, x. , 328-330.) Ad- 
ministration was granted to his widow, and subsequently to Joseph Cornish,** whom, on the 5th 
May, 1726, she had married, (Simsbury Records J; the account of administration of estate was accep- 
ted Oct. 5, 1731, ( Hartford Probate Records, x., 107, 143; xi., 54, 60; xiv., i.) Simsbury Records 
give the following : — Joseph Cornish and Mary Cornish, administrators on the estate of Samuel 
Humphrey of Simsbury, dec<^, by virtue of Act of Gen. Assembly passed May 12, 1726, sell land 
to Samuel Smith Apr. 5, 1727; witnessed by Samuel Humphrey. 

Receipts (in Hartford Prob. Rec, xiv., i) dated Mch. , 5, 1739-40, show that the estate of 
" Capt. Samuel '' passed into the following hands, viz.: Hekiah Humphrey; James Hillyer, Mary 
Hillyer ; Isaac Pettibone, Hepzibah Pettibone ; Joseph Smith, Lucy Smith; James Hillyer, Jr., 
guardian for Bathsheba Humphrey." 

* Goodwin's Genealogical Notes, p, 312. 

t In order to a proper understanding of these many instances in which grants of land are made to individuals by Towns, in lots 
of two acres, seven acres, or larger lots, also designating them as meadow, plow or wood, or swamp land, it should be remembered that 
in the early colonial days, the town or settlement authorities bought the land of the Indians, as a commune, or in common, following 
the ancient Danish, German or very early English usage. By this custom, each of the original grantees or purchasers became the owner 
of the town lot, falling to him by lot, and his proportionate part or allotment of all meadow, tillage, swamp, forest, or other outlying 
portion of land within the original bounds. At first these outlying lands were fenced, tilled, or pastured in common — and the results 
divided pio rn/a.— Later, as the fear of Indian disturbances vanished, these outlying lands were conveyed in severalty to the original pur- 
chasers or their heirs, or for good and sufficient cause, by the town or borough authorities, as in these instances. 

+ According to another entry "Samuel Humphris, ye son of John Humphris, Justice of Peace, Dyed September ye 19th, 1725." — 
Simsbury Records. 

"James Cornish had Joseph, b. 18 Oct. 1697. Stiles' Hist. 0/ .Ancient M'indsor. 

Children : 

65. I. Samuel/ b. 23 Jan'y, 1707-8; d. 7 Apr. 1718, ae. 11.* 

66. II. Mary,* b. 3 May, 1716; chose her step-father, Joseph Cornish, as her guardian, Oct. 5th, 

1731; m. 28 Oct. 1735, (Simsbiiry Rec.) James Hillyer, Jr., of Granby, Conn. Births 
of three children found recorded at Simsbury, Ct. Issue: 

67. i. Lucy-', b. 7 April, 1736. [1737?] 

68. ii. Asa", b. 21 Oct. 1738. 

69. iii. Andrew'', b. 4 June, 1743. 

70. III. HEZEKiAH.'t b. 3 Jan. 1718-19; d. 27 Oct. 1781, se. 63; m. Amy Cornish. Family 13. 

71. IV. Hepzibah,-* b. 5 Feb. 1720-1 ; m. 12 Feb. 1737-8, Isaac Pettibone; resided at Norfolk, 

Conn., where she died. 

72. V. Lucy,* b. 2 Apr. 1723; m. before 5 Mch. 1739-40, Joseph Smith, of Norfolk, Conn. ; 

resided there and had children. Her name is given as ' ' Lucia " on the Simsbury 
Records, where her date of birth is entered. 

73. VI. Bathsheba,'» b. 2 June, 1725 ; d. 4 May, 1803, se. 78 ; selected her brother-in-law, 

James Hillyer, Jr., as her guardian, (Hartford Probate Rec, xiii., 55 ; xiv.. i) Sept. 4, 
1739, John ■ Humphrey having previously been her guardian. [See Fam. 3, J.^J She 
m. 19 Mch. 1740-1, (Simsbury Rec.) Isaac* Case, f b. 23 Oct. 1717, d. 3 Jan. 1796; 
son of Bartholomew and Mary ^ (Humphrey) Case, of Weatogue, in Simsbury, [Fam. 
2 (10) S.^'j Resided in Simsbury, Conn. Issue: 

74. i. Mehitabel,^ b. 13 Nov. 1741. 

75. ii. Isaac, '^ b. 19 May, 1743; was twice married. 

76. iii. Bathsheba,= b. 1 Jan. 1745; d. 13 Oct. 1751. 

77. iv. Elizabeth,^ b. 19 Sept. 1747. 

78. V. Mercy,' b. 23 Dec. 1749. 

79. vi. Bathsheba,' b. 27 Oct. 1751; m. Ezekiel PhelpS, Jr. 

80. vii. Joanna,'' b. 13 Oct. 1753; d. 4 July, 1820; m. (i) David RuSSell ; m. (2) as 2d wife, 17 

Mch. 1784, Elder Jared MillS, b. 8 Oct. 1746, d. 1822. He was son of John, Jr., 
and Damaris (Phelps) Mills, who were married in 1720. His first wife was Apphia'' 
Higley, dau. of John and Apphia* (Humphrey) Higley. [Fam. 4, S.'] Issue: (I) 
Norman' (Mills), b. 30 Sept. 1784, d. 1824; m. Charlotte Laflin; (2) Lucretia" (Mills), 
b. 27 Jan. 1786, d. 1817; (3) Isaac » (Mills), b. 7 Aug. 1787, d. 1861; m. Asenath 
Merrill; (4) Harriet^ (Mills), b. 9 Feb. 1789; m. Joseph Daily; (5) Catherine" (Mills), 
b. 27 Mch. 1790; m. Samuel" Pettibone, b. 21 Feb. 1784, son of Col. Jonathan' 
and Hannah'' (Owen) Pettibone, and gr. son of John and Esther* (Humphrey) Owen. 
[Fam. 4, S.-]; (6) Damaris" (Mills), b. 25 Dec. 1791, d. 1792; (7) Damaris" (Mills), 
b. 13 June, 1793; m. Cyrus Miller; (8) George" (Mills), b. 26 Feb. 1795; m. Betsey 
Woodford. t 

81. viii. Lydia'', b. 14 Dec. 1755. 

* From ttie Town Records of Simsbury we have: "Samll humphris son of John humphris, his first son born January the twenty- 
third 177-8 [1707-8] and departed this life aprill the seuenth 1718." Other entries are: "Samuel Humphris son of Samll Humphris de- 
ceased. His third daughter Lucia was borne Aprill the Second 1723:" " Hezekiah Humphris second son of Samuell Humphris sene was 
born January the thirtieth 1718 or 19;" "Mary Humphris the second child daughter to Sam^' Humphris, John.'s son, b. May 3, 1716." 
On examination of these several records it seems that the name of the son is not given in the first entry, but the name of the father 
and grandfather. Capt. Samuel is often described as "John's son " to distinguish him from other Samuel Humphreys. But when the date 
of birth of Lucia is entered "Samuel son of Samuel" is said to be deceased. 

t March 29, 1745, Hezekiah Humphrey gave a deed to his brother Isaac Case and Bathsheba his wife, "of land that belonged to 
our honored father Capt. Samuel Humphrey late of Simsbury, deed." She was not yet 21 years old. — Simsbury Records. 

X Early Settlers 0/ West Simsbury, pp. 103, 104. 

S2. ix. Israel"', b. l8 Nov. 1757; m. Joanna'' (dau. of Capt. Job-" and Joanna Wilcox) Case, b. 9 

Aug. 1760. [Fam. 2 (24) S.'] 

83. X. Azubah,^ b. 28 Mch. 1760. 

84. xi. Aaron, '^ b. 29 May, 1762; m. Abigail Case, b. 6 May, 1763, dau. of Solomon and Anna 

(Case) Case, of Simsbury, Ct. 

85. xii. Cleopatra,' b. 29 July, 1764. 

86. xiii. Miriam,-' b. about 1766; d. 17 Dec. 1747; m. Theod. Garri'tt.* 


87. Joseph' Humphrey, [28] (Serg/. John-, Mi(hael\) married Abigail Griffin,! who 
died 17 Mch., 1760. J 

January 9, 1710-11, Joseph Humphrey had three acres of land granted, "southwest of John 
Drake's lot & west of the way upon the little brook that runs by Tho. Barber's house: he to 
build a house on said lot within four years or it to go back to the town." 

"Joseph Humphris sold 3 acres & a hous to John Drake, on west side of Riuer at hop 
medow on south side of Drake's brook, December 26, 171 5-1 6." -(Simsbury Records.) 

He had an ear-mark for his cattle in 1712 and 1716. Mr. Humphrey seems to have re- 
sided in Simsbury after this date, as records of his children are found there. 

Children : 
88. I. Elizabeth,* m. 29 Dec, 1731, Abraham Adams. .%e is styled "Elizabeth Humphris 

dau. of Joseph." (Simsbury Records.) 
Joseph,* b. 5 Sept., 1718;** supposed to have died young. 

Joseph,* b. 5 Sept., 1721 ;"f"'|' d. 9 Mch., 1770, ae. 49; m. ]\Iargaret Case. Family 1-t. 
ZiLLAH,* b. 25 Jan., 1726-7; m. 26 Nov., 1747, John Hoskins, Jr. (Simsbury Rec. ) 
The name of John Hoskins frequently occurs on the Windsor Records, about this 
date. See Stiles' Hut. of Ancient Windsor. 


92. Esquire JohlT* Humphrey, [30] T-Of?. John,~^ Sergt. John,- Michael,^) was born 17 
Mch., 1700-1, in Simsbury, Ct. He married, 15 June, 1721, (Simsbury Records) Lydia Reed, per- 
haps dau. of Josiah and Hannah (Amsdale) Reed, of Windsor; and settled in Simsbury, Conn., 
where the births of their children are recorded. He was a prominent man in that town ; was Justice 
of the Peace from 1735 to 1760, and many deeds were acknowledged before him about 1740-42; 
and also witnessed by John and Anna Humphrey; was appointed of the Quorum 1 755-1 760. He 
was appointed, by Assembly, 1756, ist Lieut, of ist Reg., 7th Company; afterwards became a 
captain in the Militia: was chosen Town Clerk in 1732: was Judge of the Hartford County Court, 
from 1758 to 1760 inclusive, and a representative to the General Assembly of the Colon}', (with 
the exception of 1755, '56, '58 and '59) fnmi ^Liy, 1733, ''" ^^'^ death, at New Haven, Conn., 

• Goodwin's Genealogical Xotes. pp. 291, 292. — "Thias" Garritt is gi\en in that work. 

t January i, 1711. Joseph Humphrey joined in an agreement to divide land of "our honored father John Griffin," from which it 
seems that he married Mr. John Griffin's daughter. The signers were: "John Griffin, Thomas Griffin, Ephr. Griffin, NathH Griffin, Ruth 
Griffin, Joseph Humphry, Elias Gillit, Man' Hoskins." 

Sergt. John Griffin of Simsbury. Ct.. grandfather of Joseph Humphrey) married 13 May, 1647, Anna Bancroft, and had the following 
children: '1! Hannah, b. 4 July. 1649: m. Sergt. John Humphrey [Fam. 2, J ]: (2) Mary, b. 1 March, 1651 : (3) Sarah, b. 25 Dec. 1654: 

(4) John, b. 20 Oct. 1656. [Did he have a daughter .Abigail who became the wife of Joseph Humphrey?] (4} Thomas, b. 3 Oct. 1658; 

(5) Abigail, b. 12 Nov. 1660; 6, Mindwell, b. 11 Feb. 1662: 7; Ruth, b. 21 Jan. 1665: (8) Ephraim, b. i March, 1668-9; (9] Nathaniel, 
b. 31 May, 1673. 

X Widow Abigail Humphrey d. March 17. 1760. — Simslmry Records. 

** ToivK Records have birth of "Joseph, first son of Joseph Humphrey of Simsbury", as occurring Sept. 5, 1718. 

tt "Joseph Humphries son of Joseph Humphries was b. Sept. 5, 1721." — Strnsbitry Records. 







while in attendance as a member of that body, Nov. 2d, 1760 — a period of twenty-three years. He 
was interred at New Haven, near the grave of John Dixwell, the Regicide. On the Simsbury Town 
Records is the following entry : "John Humphrey, Esq"". Departed this Life the 2nd day of November, 
1760, at New Haven, in the 61 year of his age. He has been Cap', of a military Company in 
this Town, an assistant Judge in the County Court, and a Representative to >* Gen'. Assembly."- 

Administration on his estate was granted to his sons Nathaniel and Elihu, Apr. 14, 1761; 
inventory of estate exhibited June 6, 1761 ; report of distribution made and accepted, January 3, 
1764. His widow received one-third during life and his eldest son, John, a double share. (Hartford 
Probate Rec, xviii., 113, 126; xix., 52, 92). 

Children : 

93. I. Susanna, 5 b. 23 July, 1722; d. 1774, se. 52; m. 5 June, 1740, ( Simsbury Records ) 

Benoni Moses,* b. 171 1, d. 1787, aged 76. He was a carpenter by trade, and a 
man of considerable note. Res. West Simsbury, Ct. Issue: 

94. i. Ezekiel,' b. 1741. 
gr. ii. Elnathan,' b. 1743. 

96. iii. Susanna,^ b. 1746. 

97. iv. Lois,* b. 1749; m. Darius (son of John, Sen.) Hill, of West Simsbury, Ct., b. 1749, d. 1799, 

se. 50. Children: (l) Lois' (Hill), b. about 1770; m. Theodore Sheldon ; (2) Darius' 
(Hill), b. 1772, d. of consumption, 1788; (3) Sarah' (Hill), m. Frederick Sheldon*, 
(4) Arden' (Hill), b. 1776, d. 1799, in the Western army; was drowned by falling 
through the ice; (5) Rachel' (Hill); (6) Elias' (Hill), d. 1798; (7) Asa' (Hill), d. 1798. 
"The sons all died in early life; the three youngest, with one grandchild, died in the 
beginning of the winter, 1798-9, together with the father, in the short time of little 
more than one month; all of dysentery."! 

98. V. Shubael," b. 1753. 

99. vi. Sarah,* b. 1756. 

100. vii. Ezekiel,* b. 1762. 

101. viii. Elizabeth," b. 1765. 

102. n. Ruth, 5 b. 19 Oct., 1724; d. 21 Jan'y, 1727-8, ae. 3.I 

103. HI. Anna,5 b. 2 Aug., 1727-8; m. Ebenezer Lampson, of Granby, Conn. "Ebenezer 

Lamson, Jr., m. Anna Humphry Nov. 8, 1761." (Simsbury Records.) 

104. IV. Ruth, 5 b. 11 April, 1730; m. William Andrus, of Simsbury, Conn., where they settled. 

"Ruth Lawrence, dau. of Ruth Humphrey by Rufus Lawrence, was born 28 Ma}-, 
1753." ( Simsbury Records. ) 

JoHN,5 b. 20 Oct., 1732; m. Dorcas (Chick) Ward. Family 15. 

Nathaniel,^ b. 20 Way, 1735; d. 1822, -k. 87; m. Maria'' Humphrey; m. (2) Lucy 
Moses. Family 16. 

ElihUjS b. 14 Apr., 1738; d. 25 Feb., 1777, as. 39 ; m. Asenaths Humphrey. Family 17. 

Lydia, 5 b. 22 Sept., 1740; d. 12 Feb., 1826, ae. 85; m. Elishas Humphrey. Family 19. 

Lois, 5 b. 24 Oct., 1743; d. 28 Nov., 1746, se. 3.** 

Lois, 5 b. 17 Nov., 1746; d. 14 Nov., 1747, as. i.** 

* History of the Early Settlers of West Shnslniry. Coitn., p. 104; t pp. 71, 72. 

J In Hop Meadoio Buryiiig-grouitd. on grave-stone of Dea. John Humphrey and Mrs. Sarah Humphrey [Fam. 3,] is found: "Ruth 
daughter to Jno. Humphrey died Jany. — " [inscription not completed]. 
** Sintshiiry Records. 














III. Sergeant Benajah'' Humphrey, [41J (Ben. /o/m,^ Sir^/. /o/m,- Mii/iae/,') was hom 
20 Dec, 1 701, Simsbun-, Ct. He married, 21 Dec, 1726, ( Simsbmy Records) Thankful (perhaps 
dau. of Robert) Hoskins ; and settled in Simsbury, Conn., where the dates of birth of their children 
are found recorded. We find also on the Simsbury Records the following: Feb. 21, 1739-40, Ben- 
ajah Humphre}' and Thankful Humphrey deed land that was laid out to the heirs of Robert Hoskins, 
deceased. She died 10 Feb., 1759. 

In the Indian alarm of 1724. 4th June of that year, Capt. Richard Case was directed to em- 
ploy ten men as scouts to rendezvous at Litchfield. Benajah and Charles Humphrey were of this 
party. [See Fam. 5, S. '] 

He died 4 Aug., 1772, je. 71.* His will was dated Dec 18, 1771, and piroved Jan. 5, 1773, 
— his sons, Elisha and Benoni, being named executors ; witnesses : Hezekiah, Chloe and Mary Hum- 
phrey. [See Fam. 13, J.'] His lands were divided between these sons, and ^10 each was devised 
to his daughters Thankful and Sarah, both being then married, and nothing to the heirs of his de- 
ceased son Benajah, as he had provided for him, by deed, during his lifetime. (Simsbury Probate 
Records, i. , 69, 162.) 
Children : 

112. I. Ben,\j.\h,5 b. 22 July, 1728; d. 8 Aug., 1761, ae. 33; m. Caroline-* Humphrey. 

Family 18. 

113. II. Elisha,5 b. 30 Mch., 1730; b. 31 Mch., 1730, ace to record in Family Bible of date 

1754. He died young; "ye son of benajah Humphris Aprill ye 16, 1730." — Sims- 
bury Records ; supposed to be date of Elisha's death, but the record does not state 
the fact. 
114 III. Thankfvl.s b. 25 Dec, 1731; d. 1790, as. 59; m. Lieut. Timothy Moses; moved 
to Canaan, Conn. He d. 1793, aged 62. f 

115. IV. Elisha, 5 b. 19 Nov., 1733 ; d. 30 June, 181 5, se. 81 ; m. L_\-dia5 Humphrev. Family 19. 

116. V. Sarah, 5 b. 9 May, 1736; d. 1823, ae. 87: m. (i) Lieut. Charles^ Humphrey, [See 

Fam. 20, S.= for children]; (2) Col. Seth Smith; (3) Elisha Graham, of Canton, 
Conn.; (d) as 5th wife, Dea. Amasa (son of James and Esther Fithin) Case, of 
Simsbury. He was born 18 Oct., 1731, and d. 18 Aug., 1824. Resided at Terry's 
Plain, Simsbur)', Conn. J 

RoGER.s b. 20 May, 1738: d. about 1770, ce. 32; unmarried. 

Abraham, 5 b. 27 Mch., 1740: d. 3 Feb., 1769, ce. 29; unmarried. 

Mary,5 b. 5 Jan'y, 1742-3;** d. 16 May, 1745, ae. 2. 

Benoni, 5 b. 27 Dec, 1745: d. 8 Aug., 1793. ae. 50; m. Lois (Merrills) Humphrey. 
Family 20. 


121. Deacon Michael"' Humphrey, [42] {Dea. John,^ Sergt. Joht," Michael,') was born 
20 Nov., 1703, in Simsbury, Ct. He married, 15 Sept., 1735 ( Simsbuiy Rec), Mercy* (dau. of 
Jonathan, 3 Esq., and Mercy Ruggles) Humphrey, of S. [Fam. 4, S.^] She was born 21 Oct., 
171 7, in S., and died in 1793, ae. 75 years. Dea. Humphrey settled at first in his native town, 
where he introduced the manufacture of leather. He was one of the deacons in the Congregational 

* Simsbury Records. 

t Early Settlers of West Simsbury, Ct., p. 105. 

X Goodwin's Genealogical Notes, p. 283, 

** 5 Jan., 1742-3, Simsbury Records ; 15 Jan., 1743-4, Family Bible. 
















church in that place; in 1759, ^^''^ representative to the General Assembly. The dates of birth of 
his nine children are recorded in Simsbur}-. 

About the year 1760, he removed to Norfolk, Ct. , where he was chosen deacon of the church 
at its organization. He also represented Norfolk in the General Assembly ; was selectman, justice 
of the peace, and Town Clerk from 1760 until his death, which occurred in 1778, at the age 
of 75 years. 
Children : 

Michael, 5 b. 13 May, 1736; d. 1809, £e. 73; m. Hannah Andrus. Family 21. 
Daniel, 5 b. 17 Aug., 1737;* d. 27 Aug., 1813, se. 76 ; t m. Rachel Phelps. Family 22. 
Dudley,' b. 12 Aug., 1739; d. 25 Mch., 1794, se. 55; m, KeziahJ (dau. of Edward) 
Griswold, of Windsor, Conn. ; had no children. He was a lawyer ; and represented 
the town of Norfolk, Conn., in General Assembly, 1779, '84, '85, May and October 
Sessions; 1788, October; 1789, '90, '91, May and October; and 1792, May. His 
widow died in N. , in 1833, se. 96, — with unimpaired mind and memor}\ 

125. IV. Mercy,5 b. 17 May, 1742; m. (i) Sadoce Wilcox, of Simsbury, Ct., 10 Apr., 1760;** 

(2) as 2d wife, Capt. Abraham Pettibone, of Burlington, Conn., b. 1727, d. 1797, 

son of Samuel Pettibone, Jr.ff Issue, (hy ist marriage) : 

126. i. Jeremiah' (Wilcox), M. D., who settled in Ohio. 

127. ii. Sadoce" (Wilcox); m. (I) Hayes; two other wives — names not ascertained. He died 

leaving a family in Granby, Ct. 

128. iii. Daniel' (Wilcox), who settled in Ohio. 
I2g. iv. Norman' (Wilcox). 

130. V. Mercy' (Wilcox), ni. Alexander AIIgH ; resided in Simsbury; d. 14 Oct. 1816, aged 51. 

131. vi. Rosilla' (Wilcox), m. (i) AikinS, of Norfolk, Conn.; (2) Dea. Chapman, of 

Tallmadge, Ohio; — had four children by ist and none by 2d husband. 
(By 2 J marriage) : 

132. vii. Roxa' (Pettibone), b. 1782; d. 1S48, ce. 66; ni. John Beckwith. 

133. viii. Clarissa' (Pettibone), b. 1784; m. Horatio GateS, of Douglass, Mass. 

134. ix. Anna' (Pettibone), b. 1786; m. Norman' Humphrey. [Fam. 35, S.-] She died i822r 

aged 36. 

135. V. Phebe,s b. 10 May, 1745;^^ d. 27 Feb., 1828, se. 83; m. Ephraim Gittian, (or "Gitteau)" 

M. D., of Norfolk, Ct., 23 Oct., 1762. Dr. Gittian was of French extraction, a gentle- 
man of high culture and eminent in his profession. During the War of the Revolution 
he held a Commission as Surgeon in the American Nav}-, under which he rendered 
distinguished service. He died at Norfolk, 21 Apr., 1816, in his 79th jear. His 
wife, Phebe 5 (Humphrey) Gittian, is still remembered as a noble woman, universally 

* 7 Aug., ace. to TiTJi'n Kcc, and Judge H. H. Barbour. • 

t Inscription in Hop INIeadow burying-ground. 

t Probably Keziah (dau. ol Edward and Abigail Gaylord] Phelps, b. 5. July, 1737. — Stiles' Hist. 0/ Ancient Windsor, p. 643, 
** Sedosia (variation "Sedotia") Wilcockson m. Mercy Humphry, both of Simsbury, Apr. 10, 1760. — Simsbury Records. 
tt Capt. Abraham Pettibone (gr. gd. son of the emigrant from England durmg Cromwell's wars — John Pettibone,) married (i), 
Jerusha Pinney, of Simsbury, and settled in West Britain, now, Burlington, Ct. They had ten children : 
i. Abraham, b. 1751; d. 1834, aged S3; m. (i) Amelia Smith; m. (2) Huldah Prindle. 
ii. Jerusha, b. 1733 ; d. 1815, aged 62 ; m. Seth Spencer, of New Hartford, 
iii. Samuel, b. 1755 ; d. 1778, aged 23 : on board a prison-ship in New York, 
iv. Elizabeth, b. 1756; d. 1784, aged 28: m. George Humphrey. [Fam. 34, S.] 
V. Theodore, b. 1761; d. 1821, aged 60; m. Mary, dau'. of Abel Humphrey. [Fam. 8, S.] 
vi. Alexander, b. 1763; d. 1801, aged 38: m. Lydia, dau. of Capt. Ezekiel Humphrey [Fam. 9, S.] 
vii. Chauncey, b. 1766: d. 1801, aged 35: m. Hannah Merretl. 
viii. Theophilus, b. 1769 ; d. 1834, aged 65 : m. Esther Whitmore. 

IX. Charlotte, b. 1772 : d. 1855, aged 83 : m. Joseph Dyer. [Fam. 7, S.] 

X. Norman, b. 1774: d. 1S14, aged 40: m. (i) Lovisa Nobles, ol Westfield ; Mass.; m. (2) Pamelia Whitmore. 

Early Settlers of West Simsbury, p. 115. 
XX 10 May, ace. to Tozvn Rec; 20 May, ace. to Judge Barbour. 


beloved, whose goodness and benevolence in society secured for her, in advanced 
years, the tender title of "Mother Gittian." Children: 

136. i. Asa,' b. 17 Jan. 1764; died young. 

137. ii. Philo,* M. D., b. 3 Apr. 1766; d. 25 Nov. 1810; m. Sarah Bingham. Childrcit : (i) Delia,' 

m. Rev. Pettibone, of N. Y. state; (2) Almuris," m. G. Rockwell, Esq.; (3) 

Rev. Sheridan,^ settled in Baltimore, Md.; (4) Corydon," M. D., settled in Tyringham, 
Mass.; (5) Columbus,' died young. 

138. iii. Phebe Sophia,' b. 23 Dec. 1766; d. 2 Dec. 1810. 

139. iv. Louisa,' b. 26 Jan. 1769; d. 6 Dec. 1816; m. Benjamin Welch, M. D. Children: 

(I) Asa G.' (Welch), M. D., who has been a member of lioth branches of the Massachu- 
setts Legislature; (2) Luna' (Welch), m. Bidwell) of Tyringham, Mass.; 

(3) Benjamin' (Welch), M. D., of Lakeville, Ct.; (4) Louisa' (Welch), m. Rev. Ira 
Pettibone; (5) Alice' (Welch), m. Prof. CowleS, Oberlin, Ohio; (6) James' 
(Welch), M. D., of Winsted, Ct.; (7) Phebe' (Welch), died in childhood. 

140. VI. AsAHEL,5 b. 22 July, 1747; d. abt. 22 Jan., 1827, ce. 80: m. Prudence Merrills. 

Family 23. 

141. VII. RosANNAH,5 b. lo Nov. , 1751 ;* m. (i) Gaylord; (2) Stephen Paine. Is said 

to have had a son named Munson^ (Gaylord). 

142. VIII. HosEA,5 b. 15 June, 1757: d. 1818, s. 61 ; m. (i) Persis ; m. (2) . 

Family 24. 

143. IX. Martha,5 b. 3 Aug., 1759' d. 13 Sept., 1766, ae. 7. 

FA-MILV 11. 

144. Rev. Daniel "* Humphreys, [43] (Dm. John,' Sergt. John,^ Mkhael\) was born 
in 1707, at Simsbur}', Ct. ; graduated at Vale College in 1732; and became pastor of the First 
Church of Christ (Congregational) in Derby, Ct., in 1734, having been given a call December 3d, 
1733, ^ri'i ^^ "^^y of ordination having been "appointed for the first Wednesday of March next.'' 
This call was accompanied with the offer of a settlement of four hundred pounds, and one hun- 
dred pounds salary. The four hundred pounds was given in order that the minister might purchase 
a farm, which was supposed to furnish a considerable portion of his living. It is therefore prob- 
able that the farm-house formerly owned by Mr. Humphreys and, in 1870, in the possession of 
Mr. Samuel Sherwood, gr. gr.-son of Rev. Richard Mansfield, D. D. , for many 3 ears rector of St. 
James' Church in Derby, was built soon after this date. The first Episcopal church was located 
almost directly in front of this residence, known in later times as the "Capt. Vose Place. " [See 
Fam. 27, J.^J The following entry was made by IMr. Humphreys in the oldest book of church 
records now belonging to the First Church, having on its first page, "An account of church ad- 
ministration, by Daniel Humphreys, December, 1735. ' 

"March 6, 1734, then the pastoral charge of the Church of Christ in Derby was committed 
to me." His salary was subsequently raised to one hundred and twenty pounds, and, in 1739, to 
one hundred and forty pounds, or four hundred and seventy dollars. 

During the earlier years of his pastorate, difficulties were encountered which arose from a 
difference of opinion as to ecclesiastical order, this being a dissenting church at that time.f We 
are indebted to the compilers of the History of H^rby for this explanation of the condition of affairs : 

• Rosannah was born lo Nov., ace. to Simshury Records : 20 Nov., ace. to Judge H. H. Barbour. [Fam. 67, S.] 
t "The dissenters claimed that a change of heart or actual experience was important in order to the reception of the sacraments, 
while the "New-way" or "Half-way Covenant" administered baptism to all children whose parents assented to the doetrmes of the 
church, and such parents were regarded as in a half-covenant state v ith the church. — Hist, of Derby, p. 136. See history of Michael 
Humphrey, the Emigrant, p. 105. 

"After the settlement of Mr. Humphreys and the revival excitements of 1740 and '41, the 
establishment of the Episcopal church became an easy matter and took some of the old substantial 
supporters of the Congregational church into it. ' If the records of the Derby church had been 
preserved, some things more definite might be learned. In Sprague's Annals Mr. Humphreys is. 
mentioned as one with Dr. Bellamy and others who promoted the revival work in 1740, and it 
was in consequence of this, doubtless, that he fell into some little trouble as indicated in the fol- 
lowing record. 

"The following complaint against Mr. Humphreys is recorded, but whether it went any 
further is not known. 

'To the Clerk of the Parish or vSociety in Derby to which the Reverend Mr. Daniel Humphrey doth belong 
these may inform that the said Daniel Humphrey, contrary to the true intent and meaning of a law of the 
Colony of Connecticut entitled an act for Regulating abuses and correcting disorders in Ecclesiastical affairs, has. 
presumed to preach in the Parish or First Society of New Haven. 
'Dated at New Haven, Sept. 24, 1742. 

' Signed per Samuel Bishop, Jiatice of the Peace. 

John Hubbard, Justice of the Feace."'^ 

A violent opposition was made in the county of New Haven to the "New Lights, "as they 
were called, and to the religious revival which had arisen in the country. "In 1741, when the 
Grand Council was to sit at Guilford, the Association drew up several resolutions to be laid before 
the Council ; among which was the following : ' That for a minister to enter into another minister's 
parish, and preach, or administer the seals of the covenant, without the consent of, or in opposition 
to the settled minister of the parish, is disorderly ; notwithstanding, if a considerable number of 
the people of the parish are desirous to hear another minister preach, provided the same be ortho- 
dox, and sound in the faith, and not notoriously faulty in censuring other persons, or guilty of 
anv other scandal, we think it ordinarily advisable for the minister of the parish to gratify them, 
by giving his consent, upon their suitable application to him for it, unless neighboring ministers, 
should advise him to the contrary.' Mr. Humphreys of Derby had preached to a Baptist societ)', 
and on that account was soon after deprived of a seat in the association." 

"In 1744, a church was formed in Salisbury, on the principles of the Cambridge Platform, 
and the town and church made choice of Mr. Jonathan Lee for their pastor ; and, among other 
gentlemen, made choice of tlie Rev. Mr. Humphrej'S of Derby, the Rev. Mr. Lea\'enworth of Water- 
bury, and the Rev. ]\Ir. Todd of Northbury, to assist in his ordination. He had received a liberal 
education at Yale College, and studied divinity under the care of Mr. Williams of Lebanon ; was 
of a good moral character, and a zealous preacher of the Calvinistic doctrines. The association 
suspended these gentlemen from all associational communion, for assisting in the ordination of Mr. 
Lee, because he and the church had adopted the Cambridge Platform, and were not on the con- 
stitutional establishment of the colony. 

"Therefore, Mr. Humphreys was twice suspended from the fellowship of the association, for 
holding just the views which are nuw generally entertained by Congregational ministers and churches." 

From the records, which consisted of baptisms and the admission of members to the church, 
made by Mr. Humphreys, we learn that although the church at the time of his settlement was a 
dissenting church, or opposed to the Half-way Covenant, yet, after 1756, that method of receiving 
members was practiced until March, 1783, when it was "voted that they would not go on in the 
practice. " 

September 16th, 1777, "Rev. Mr. Daniel Humphrey " took the oath of fidelity to the United 
States, thus declaring his "loyalty to the new nation." 

As to slavery the following is recorded: "December 31, 1781. Voted that the selectmen are. 
desired to give the Rev. Mr. Daniel Humphreys a certificate of libert)' to manumit his servants 
Cambridge and Cale his wife." 


Edward' Riggs came from England and setded at Roxbury, Mass., early in the summer of 
1633. Within three years he buried his wife, son John, and two daughters. 


Two D.^rs.- JoHN,= died bet. 

Two Daus,=, died Sgt. Edward,- m. in 1635, Elizabeth Roosa. "In 1637, he was 
bet. 1633-37. a sergeant in the Pequot war, and greatly distinguished himself in 
rescuing his commander and twelve of his companions from an 
ambuscade, and was ever afterwards known as ' Sergeant Riggs.'" Settled at Milford, Ct., ,1646, and, in 1654, at 
Paugasuck, afterwards Derby. In his house Whalley and Gofif, the judges of Charles I., took refuge in 1661, " as recorded 
Ijy Pres. Ezra Stiles in his history of those celebrated and honored men. * * In being the protector of these 
refugees the Riggs family will bear lasting honors by true lovers of constitutional liberty." * Removed to Newark, 
N. J., in 1666, with all of his family except his son Samuel.' 

I I i 1 . 

Edward." Joseph.-' Mary.= Ens. Samuel,' m. (i) Sarah (dau. of Richard) Baldwin, of Milford, 14 

June, 1667, and settled on his father's homestead which he probably in- 
herited. He ra. (2) Mrs. Sarah Washburn, 6 May, 1713. "He was a man of great substantial ability, and was honored 
as such in his own town to the end of his life ; " was representative several years, made justice of the peace in 
1708, and served in many town offices; became a man of considerable property. He was made ensign in the train- 
band in 1 690. 

I I I I 
Elizabeth,' 1>. Jvine, 166S. 

Samuel,' b. 1671. 

Sarah,' b. 1672, d. 1672. 

Sarah,' b. 4 May, 1674; m. 
Jonathan Lum, lo Oct., 
1700. They had six chil- 
dren ; records given in Hist, 
of Derby. 

23 Feb. 1700, 
Capt. John,' b. I Apr. i676;=Eliz. Tomlin- 

d. 24 Sept. 1755; lived on 
his father's homestead ; ' 'was 
a man of solid worth; hon- 
ored with many offices, 
and acquitting himself with 
much honor; * * was 
probably the most noted 
man of the town in his 
day." He was commission- 
ed captain in 1722. 

son, b. prob- 
ably, 1 1 
Aug. 1684, 
daughter of 
Lieut. Agur 

Ill 1 

Samuel,^ b. 2 Jan. 1701; m. 6 Jan. 1726, Lieut. Joseph," b. 13 feb. 1710; 

Abigail Gunn. Had four daughters. m. Mabel Johnson, 20 Feb. 

Anne,' b. 10 June, 1704; m. Samuel Hull. 1740. Had three sons and 

Elizabeth,-"' b. 17 June, 1706. two daughters. 

II 1 

Ebenezer,' li. 15 Oct. 

1678, d. II May, 

1712; m. Lois . 

Edward,' b. j Oct. 
1680, d. 25 Nov. 
1 7 12; m. Abigail 
Nichols, 5 Jan. 1708. 

Hannah,' b. 24 Feb. 
1683; m. Abraham 
Harger, i May 1703 

Joseph,' b. 22 Feb. 
i686,d.22 0ct.i707. 


Sarah," b. 17 Dec. 

1711; m. (i) John 
Bowers; m. (2) 
Rev. Daniel' Hum- 

* " Madam Humphreys, consort of the Rev. Daniel Humphreys, and the mother of the ambassador, was a 
Riggs, and descendant of Edward Riggs, one of the first settlers of Derby between 1655 and 1660. She often used 
to speak of it as the family tradition that the judges who sometimes secreted themselves at The Cave and Sperry's 
Farm, also for some time secreted themselves at Derby, in the house of her [great] grandfather, Mr. Edward Riggs; 
whose house was forted or palisadoed, to secure it from the Indians; there being, 1660, perhaps fewer than half a 
dozen English families there in the woods, ten or a dozen miles from all other English settlements, and they all 
lodged in this forted house. They might probably shift their residences, especially in the dangerous summer of 
1661, to disappoint and deceive pursuivants and avoid discovery. This tradition is preserved in the Riggs and 
Humphreys families to this day."— Pres. Stiles' Judges; see, also. Hist, of Derby, p. 24; and pp. 753-6, for history 
of the Riggs family. 


These two records are brief, but sufficiently long to show by what spirit he was actuated — 
that he himself loved liberty, and desired that it should be enjoyed by his fellow-men. It is stated, 
in the History of Derby, that the leading men of that town, "including ministers of the gospel, held 
slaves and thought it no sin, while Connecticut was a slave state ; " but, from an earh- day, they 
were required by law to teach their slaves to read ; and that ' ' the slave-trade was carried on in 
Derby both for shipping purposes as well as the home market." It appears from Mr. Humphreys' 
course of action that one minister in the town may have had some doubts, if not strong convictions, 
in relation to this matter. 

Mr. Humphreys was very happy in his domestic relations. He married, i8 April, 1739, 
Sarah (Riggs) Bowers, b. 17 Dec, 171 1, youngest child of Capt. John and Elizabeth (Tomlinson) 
Riggs, of Derby. [See Chart II.; The Riggs Family.] At the tim; of her marriage to Mr. Hum- 
phreys she was the widow of John Bowers, of Derby, to whom she was married 22 Nov., 1732. 
They had two children: Nathaniel, who died 6 May, 1738; and Sarah, b. 18 Aug., 1736, d. 3 
Dec, 1738. Mr. Bowers died 26 Jan., 1738. "During forty-eight years she was known as 'Lady 
Humphreys', and a more perfect ornament to that title was probably not known in the communit}-. 
Elegant in personal appearance, refined in education and manners, she became, through President 
Stiles of Yale College, celebrated for her intelligence and knowledge of Derby histor)-. It was at her 
great grandfather's house that the Judges were sheltered from the English officers, fifty years before 
her birth, and yet she was quite familiar, when over fifty years of age, with the minute details of the 
friendship rendered to the Judges, and with the early history of Derb}-." 

The ease, urbanity and dignity of manner so noticeable in Rev. Daniel ■• Humphreys and 
many others of the name — Rev, Heniam " Humphrey, D. D. , Rev. Hector* Humphrevs, D. D. , &c. 
— and which was doubdess transmitted from a remote Humphrey ancestry, descended to his children 
and is conspicuous in the later generations. 

Moreover, "there e.xist a number of prominent evidences that the family, among themselves, 
were warm in their attachments, sympathetic and true-hearted, and the outside style was not an ap- 
pearance put on, but that it sprung from a true, generous nature. These statements apply not only 
to General Humphrevs in his life-long familiarity with society, but equally if not more emphatically 
to the other members of the family. There was one minister's family that did not, by far, produce 
the worst bo3-s in the community." Tradition says: that as the Rev. Daniel •* Humphreys and his 
wife entered the church on the Sabbath, the whole congregation arose and stood, in accordance 
with an old-time custom, until he had shown her to their pew, ascended the pulpit, laid aside his 
hat and seated himself, when they resumed their seats. 

In 1783, Mr. Humphreys being quite advanced in years, a colleague was chosen to assist him 
in his ministerial labors. "The council 'was convened by letters missive, at the house of Charles 
French, Esq., in Derby, July i, 1783, with a view to the ordination of Mr. Martin Tullar to the 
work of the gospel ministry. Present, the Rev. Messrs. Daniel Humphreys, Mark Leavenworth, 
Benjamin Trumbull, Benjamin Wildman, David Brownson, Jonathan Edwards, John Keep, David 
Ely. Delegates : Mr. Isaac Brownson from the First church in Waterbury, Dea. Jonathan Mitchell 
from the church in Southbury, Dea. Thomas Clark from Oxford, Dea. Daniel L}nian from White 
Haven, Capt. Stephen Dewey from Sheffield and Dea. Timothy Peck from Bethan}-. The Rev. IMark 
Leavenworth was chosen moderator, and Benjamin Trumbull scribe.' In the services on the ne.xt 
day, the sermon was preached by the Rev. John Keep, and ' the imposition of hands was performed 
by Messrs. Humphreys, Leavenworth, Trumbull and Brownson.'" Mr. Humphreys filled the position 
of senior pastor only four years, as his death occurred in 1787, at the age of So years. From the 
records of his labors still preserved ' ' he was evidently a diligent, faithful, earnest minister and pastor, 
and served his day and generation very acceptably, according to the style of the times." 

"The following statement was recorded by John Humphreys, the town clerk at the time, and 
is probably a very faithful, as it is a very interesting, sketch of the character and life of his father : — 


' The Rev. Daniel Humphreys died at Derby on Lord's day morning, the second day of Sep- 
tember, A. D., 1787. 

' For more than half a century he was the estabHshed minister of the First society in said 
town. His funeral was attended on Tuesday, when, the corpse being carried into the meeting-house, 
the Rev. Dr. Edwards began divine service with prayer, which was succeeded by singing a favorite 
psalm of the deceased, the seventy-first. Then the Rev. Mr. Leavenworth preached a sermon from 
2 Tim., iv. 6-8, to a numerous and mournful auditory. After which was sung an anthem taken 
from the seventh chapter of Job. The procession then moved to the grave and performed the in- 
terment with every mark of affectionate respect for so pious and venerable a character. 

' The Rev. Mr. Humphreys having received a liberal education at Yale College, and devoted 
his future days to books and contemplation, his mind was embellished with human literature, but 
the study of theology was his favorite employment. He was possessed of a masculine understand- 
ing, particularly calculated to reason and distinguish. His manner, instead of being tinctured with 
the austere gloom of superstition, exhibited that hilarity which made him the delight of his acquain- 
tances. A consciousness of intentional rectitude was productive of cheerfulness and serenity, a desire 
of making others happy was the effect of philanthropy and religion. This conspired to give him a 
peculiar facility and dignity of behaviour on every occasion. The honorable discharge of all the 
duties of the domestic, the social, the sacred functions, and the undeviating practice of unaffected 
piety through a long life will be the best comment on his creed and complete his character. 

' Mrs. Sarah Humphreys, the affectionate wife of his youth and the tender companion of his 
advanced age, died the Lord's da}', July 29, 1787, A. D. ; five weeks before him.'" 

Their monument, in the old grave-yard at Up Town, Derby, presents the following epitaph : * 
The Revd Daniel Humphries died Sept 2 1787 in the 8:st year of his age. For more than half a cen- 
tury he was the established minister of the first Society in this town. Mrs Sarah Humphries the affectionate wife 
of his youth and the tender Companion of his advanced age died July 29 1787 just five weeks before him. 

The seasons thus 

As ceaseless round a jarring world they roll 

Still find them happy and consenting spring 

Sheds her own rosy garland on their heads 

Till evening comes at last serene and mild 

When after the long vernal day of life 

Enamored more as more remembrance swells 

With many a proof of recollected love 

Together down they sink in social sleep 

Together freed their gentle spirits fly 

To scenes where love and bliss immortal reign. 

Children : 

145. L Daxiel,5 b. 18 May, 1740; d. 30 Sept., 1827, k. 87; m. Mary King. Family 25. 

146. n. joHN,5 b. 3 Jan., 1744; d. 18 Feb. 1832, te. 88; m. Rachel Durand. Family 26. 

147. 111. Elijah, 5 b. 27 Apr., 1746: d. 2 July, 1785, je. 39; m. Anna Mansfield. Family 27. 

148. IV. Sarah, 5 b. 29 July, 1748; d. 31 Mch., 1827, se. 78; was born, and died in Derby, 

Ct. She married (i) the Rev, Samuel Mills, a Baptist clergyman. They were resid- 
ing in Fairfield, Ct. , when that town was burned 7th July, 1779, in the Revolution; 
and it may have been near where their house stood, that her brother. General Hum- 
phreys, wrote his poem on the burning of Fairfield. It is stated that Mrs. Mills fled 
to Derby on horseback, having placed her best feather-bed across the horse. The 
parsonage and the church in which her husband had preached were burned to the 

* H/story of Derby, pub. 1880: p. 809. The account of Rev. Daniel Humphreys has been compiled from said history, from which 
we have obtained much informatit 

ground. He probably was afterward settled in Chester, where he died in ,8,. •* . h 
she returned to Humphreysville to reside. They had no chil ren We h ./. 

poem to which allusion has been maderf ^'^'^ """ 


Ye smoking ruins, marks of hostile ire, 

Ye ashes warm, which drink the tears that flow, 
Ye desolated plains, my voice inspire. 

And give soft music to the song of woe. 

How pleasant, Fairtield, on th' enraptur'd sight 

Rose thy tall spires, and opM thy social halls' 
How olt my bosom l,eat with pure delight. 

At yonder spot where stand the darkened walls! 
But there the voice of mirth resounds no more, 

A silent sadness through the streets prevails: 
The distant main alone is heard to roar. 

And hollow chimnies hum with sullen 'gales- 
Save where scorch'd elms th' untimely foliage shed 
/ Which, rustling, hovers round the faded green-' 

Save where, at twilight, mourners frequent tread. 

Mid recent graves o'er desolation's scene. 

How chang'd the blissful prospect, when compared, 

1 nese glooms funereal, with thy former bloom 
Thy hospitable rights when Tryon shar'd. 
Long ere he seal'd thy melancholy doom ! 

That impious wretch, with coward voice decreed 

Defenceless domes and hallow 'd fanes to dust; 
Beheld, with sneering smile, the wounded bleed', 

And spurr'd his bands to rapine, blood and lust. 

Vain was the widow's, vain the orphan's cry. 

To touch his feelings, or to sooth his ragel 
\'ain the fair drop that roll'd from beauty's eye. 

Vain the dumb grief of supplicating age. 

Could Tryon hope to quench the patriot flame, 

Or make his deeds survive in glory's page? 
Could Britons seek of savages the fame. 

Or deem it conquest, thus the war to wagei" 

Yes, Britons ! scorn the councils of the skies, 

Extend wide havock, spurn th' insulted foe's; 
Th' insultetl foes to tenfold vengeance rise. 

Resistance growing as the danger grows. 

Red in their wounds, and pointing to the plain, 

The visionary shapes before me stand— 
The thunder bursts, the battle burns again, 

And kindling fires encrimson all the strand. 

-Vnierica .o .he Cour. o, Madrid; pub. .Bo.; pH.ed V^tr^ srdt'N^'^„%e::rr, ^Z^Z!:"' "'"" "' """''' ''''^ °' 


Long dusky wreaths of smoke, reluctant driv'n, 

In black'ning volumes o'er the landscape bend: 
Here the broad splendour blazes high to heav'n. 

There umber'd streams in purple pomp ascend. 

In fiery eddies, round the tott'ring walls. 

Emitting sparks, the lighter fragments fly; 
With frightful crash the burning mansion falls. 

The works of years in glowing embers lie. 

Tryon, behold thy sanguine flames as]iire. 

Clouds ting'd with dyes intolerable bright; 
Behold, well pleas'd, the village wrapt in fire; 

Let one wide ruin glut thy ravish'd sight ! 

Ere fades the grateful scene, indulge thine eye, 

.See age and sickness, tremulously slow, 
Creep from the flames — see babes in torture die. 

And mothers swoon in agonies of woe. 

Go, gaze, enraptur'd with the mother's tear, 

The infant's terror, and the captive's pain, 
Where no bold bands can check thy curst career; 

Mix fire with blood on each unguarded plain! 

These be thy triumphs ! this thy boasted fame ! 

Daughters of mem'ry, raise the deathless songs ! 
Repeat through endless years his hated name. 

Embalm his crimes, and teach the world our wrongs. 

Sarahs (Humphre3s) ]\Iills married (2) as second wife, 8 IMarch, 1S19.* Chipman 
Swift, Esq. He was born in July, 1750, Lebanon, Ct. ; was probably son of Zephaniah 
Swift, whose monument stands in the grave-yard at Wilmington, Vt. Esq. Swift re- 
moved to Wilmington, where he was one of the first settlers about 1770; was a 
farmer and Justice of the Peace. In :8i7, a few years after the death of his first wife, 
he went to reside in Derby, Ct., with his son Rev. Zephaniah Swift; bought part of 
the old Holbrook place. In 1882, the Swift homestead was occupied by Urbane Hitch- 
cock (son of Rev. Zephaniah, ) Swift. With regard to the second marriage of the onl}' 
daughter of Rev. Daniel ■• Humphreys we add the following, furnished for the Hisloiy 
of Derby by Mrs. Ann S. Stephens, daughter of Mr. John Winterbotham, one of Gen. 
David 5 Humphreys' partners : 

"Mrs. Mills, an aged widow lady when I remember her, was a sister to Colonel 
Humphre3S, and lived in a brown house between Judge Humphreys' dwelling and the 
church which was then, and is now, one of the most conspicuous objects on the hills. 
She married, in her old age, Chipman Swift, Esq., father of the Rev. Zephaniah Swift 
of Derby, and I remember seeing her at the Colonel's rooms, during the wedding 
festivities, in her bridal dress, a silver-gray pongee silk, trimmed to the knees with 
narrow rows of black velvet ribbon, while her soft, gray hair was surmounted by a 
lace cap brightened with pink ribbons." Also, from the History of Derby: — "In per- 
sonal appearance, style and manners, she was a good illustration of the same in her 
honored mother. Lady Humphre3S. She was, for the times, highly educated, and 
published a volume of her poems, "f 

Esq. Swift died 8 March, 1825, aged 75. Mrs. Swift survived her husband only 

rave-stone the date of marriage is given March 8, 1819, and on his, May 6, jSig. — Hist, of Perhy, p. 813; t p. 625. 


two years. We add the inscriptions on their grave-stones in the ancient burying-ground 
at Up Town, Derby : 

Chipman Swift Esqr | was born in Lebanon Ct | July 1750 removed to Wilmington 
Vt 1770 In 1817 j came to reside with his son | in Derby Rev Zephaniah | Swift 
May 6 1819 was | married to widow Sarah Mills | died March 8 1825 aged 75. 

Sarah Swift | was the only daughter of | the Rev Daniel Humphries | pastor of 
the first church | in Derby Her first husband | was the Rev Samuel Mills | March 8 
1819 was married to Chipman Swift Esqr | died March 31 1827 | aged 77. 
149. V. David, 5 b. 10 July, 1752; d. 21 Feb., 1818, ae. 65; m. Ann Frances Bulkeley. Family 28. 


150- Thomas* Humphrey, l^S] (Thomas,^ Scvgt. Jolm," Mi<hae/\) was born in Sims- 
burv, Ct. He chose his uncle Samuel 3 Humphrey to be his guardian, 7 July, 1724. (Hartford 
Probate Records, .x. , 50.) He married Abigail Collyer, of Hartford, Conn., who died 2 Sept., 1775, 
ae. 62 years.* They settled in Wintonbury Parish, Windsor, now Bloomfield, Conn. The dates of 
birth of their children are found on the Wintonbury Church Records. 

April 5, 1739, "Thomas Humphrey, of Windsor,'' deeded land which was "granted to his 
honored father Thomas Humphrey, late of Simsbury, dec'd." 

In a recently discovered "List of Rateable Estates " in Windsor, Ct. , for 1736 — among those 
"West of the Great [Conn.] River" occurs: Thomas Humphry — i head; 4 oxen; 3 cows; i swine; 2 
horses; 2-2 yearlings; i yearling — ^"55.0.0. In Lists for Wintonbury (now Bloomfield) a former 
part of Windsor, Ct., in 1748 — Thomas Humphrey is put down in the List at ;^i02. 10.00 — of which 
^5 is the assessment on his "trade." On Wintonbury List for 1755, — Thomas Humphry: 

One head; 2 oxen; 4 cows. 

Three horses; one yearland. 

Two 2-yr. olds; one yearland. 

One yearland ; 4 swine, 

house-lot, 3 acres, - . - - 

Plowland, 17 acres, - . - . 

26 acres of Bush Land, 

Pastor land, 6 acres, - . - - 

He was a farmer; and died at Sheffield, Conn., 13 May, 1765, ae. 57.f 
The inventory of his estate, e.Nhibited by his widow and administratrix, 2 July, 1765, 
amounts to .j<r33i.4. 10. — dated at Windsor, Ct., — 21, 1765; adm. granted May 7, 1765: /"lo.i. 
of movables set out to widow, with liberty to sell real estate to raise ^^158. 12. 1 1.3-4 ; estate re- 
ported insolvent, Oct. 30, 1767; widow's dower ordered to be set out, May 3, 1768 — an average 
made to creditors, Nov. 21, 1768. (Hartford Probate Records, xx., 16-23, 45, 47, 114, 133, 155, 164.) 
The inventory of the estate of widow Abigail Humphrey, late of Windsor, deed, exhibited by 
Martin Humphrey [See Fam. 25, S.^j adm., Feb. 14, 1776; adm. account exhibited Feb. 28, 
■I777> — ;^l3-8.6.3-4. (Hartford Probate Records, xx., II, 60, 65, I 10, 127.) 

Children : 
151. I. Anna, 5 b. 26 Feb., 1734 or '36 ; d. 1793, a?. 59 ; J m. Dr. Elisha Graham, b. 1734, 

• Widow Abigail Humphrey died Sept. 2, 1775, aged about 62, — Wintonbury Church Records. — Stiles' N/si. of Ancient Windsor, 

t Thomas Humphrey died at Sheffield. Ct., 13 Apr. 1768, aged about 57, — Wintonbury Church Records.— Stiles' Hist. 0/ Ancient 
Windsor, Supplement. 

J Gen. Sketches of Early Settlers of West Simsbury :now Canton, Ct.;, p. 68; (she was born 26 Feb. 1736, Stiles' Hist. 0/ Ancient 
































d. 1805; removed from Wintonbury, now Bloomfield, to West Simsbury, in 1753. 
Issue : 

i. Elisha,' b. 1753; m. Hannah Merritt. 

ii. William,' b. 1756; m. Sophia= Owen, b. II Sept. 1760; d. i Nov. 1842; dau. of John 
and Esther ' (Humphrey) Owen, of Simsbury, Ct. [Fam. 4, S.^] Child: Anna Maria,' 
b. 26 July, 1797; d. 22 Sept. 1834. 
iii. Augustus." 

iv. Freeman,'' b. 1762; d. 2 Aug. 1817; m. (i) Lydia Phelps. She was b. 1770; d. 1802, 
se. 31; dau. of Benjamin and Lydia (Palmer) Phelps, who removed from Windsor to 
West Simsbury, Ct.* He married (2) Lydia May. 

V. ," b. 1766; d. 1766. 

vi. Anna," b. 1769; d. 1827; m. Ashbel Graham. He was her cousin; b. 1768, d. 1813; 
son of Daniel and Lois (Phelps) Graham, of West Simsbury, now Canton, Ct.f 

Abigail, 5 b. 12 Dec, 1738; d. 20 Sept., 1756, £e. 17. (Wintonbury Church Records.) 

Abijah,5 b. 23 Aug., 1740. 

]\Iary,s b. 13 Dec, 1743. 

Lucy, 5 b. 13 Aug., 1746. 

JosiAH,5 b. 12 July, 1749. Estate of Josiah Humphrey, late of Windsor, deed; adm. 

granted to Elisha Graham and Lock Leer, Mch. 3, 1778. (Hartford Prob. Rec, 

xxii., 156.) 

Susannah, 5 J m. Martin ■•** Humphrey. Family 25, S.' 
Daniel, s b. 13 Nov., i754.-|-f- 


165- Hezekiah* Humphrey, Esq., [70] (Capl. Samuel,^ Sergt John,^ Michael/) born 3 
Jan., 1718-19, in Simsbury, Ct., was made freeman in 1740. (Simsbury Records.) He married, 3 
May, 1744, Amy (dau. of Capt. James) Cornish, who died 27 Aug., 1807, se. 83. The dates of 
birth of their children are gi\en as found on the Simsbury Records. 

Hezekiah Humphrey, of Simsbury, was appointed by Assembly, February, 1757, ist Lieuten- 
ant of 3d Company, ist Regiment. (Court Records — War; VL, Doc. 189.) He was Justice of the 
Peace from 1760 until his death; Representative to General Assembly, 1761-65, 1767, '68, (in May) 
1771, '72, (in May) and 1773, (in Oct.). He died 27 Oct., 1781, x. 63. His Will was dated 10 Feb., 
1779, and proved 19 Nov., 1781 ; his widow Amy, and son Amasa,5 executors; Lydia Griswold Phelps, 
one of the witnesses, when it was proved was called Humphrey. [See Fam. 64, S. ^] His widow's 
will was dated Sept. 22, 1806, and proved Sept. 14, 1807; names daus. Amy, Chloe and Mary; 
sons Ozias, Amasa, deed, and Asa. Inv'y, Jan. 5, 1808 ; not footed. (Simsbury Probate Records, 
i., 546 ; ii., 7 ; v., 438-440.) 

Children : 

166. L Amy,5 b, 24 Jan'y, 1744-.5; d. 9 May, 1818, ae. 74; m. Dr. Jonathan Bird; had two' 

sons and four daughters. Res. Simsbury, Ct. 

167. n. Hezekiah, 5 b. 7 July, 1748; died unmarried. 

* Gen. Skchhcs of Early Settlrrs of West SImslniry (no«- Canton, Ct.; : p, 69. t p. 117. 

+ Susanna Humphrey baptized 13, 1752. — Wintonbury Church Records. — Stiles' Hist. 0/ Ancient ll'indsor. Supplement. 
** Estate of widow Mary Humphre>-, late of Windsor, ; adm. granted to Martin Humphrey, of Simsbury, Dec. 14, 1775. — 
Hart/ord Prob. Rec, XXII., 60, 65. 

n Daniel Humphrey (son of Peter; was born 12 .\ug. 1797. — Windsor Records. Was he a descendant of Thomas? 






















i68. III. Chloe,5 b. 22 Sept., 1750; died in Vernon, Ct., where .she had resided. She married 
Col. Oliver King, of Bolton, Ct. ; had three sons. She was living in 1806; see 
abstract of her mother's will. 

169. IV. M.-^RY.s b. 4 Jan., 1753; d. 19 May, 1818, a;. 65; m. as 2d wife,* Capt. Bartholo- 

mew 5 Case. He was son of Dea. Thomas ■• and Elizabeth (Woodford) Case; was 
b. 20 Jime, 1746, and d. 16 June,f 1808. [Fam. 2 (5) S.=] Thev resided on the 
paternal homestead in Weatogue, Simsbury ; became members of the Cong, church in 
that place, 1786. His first wife was Ruths Owen, b. 16 Oct., 1752, dau. of John 
and Esther* (Humphrey) Owen. [Fam. 4, S.^]. Issue (by 2d marriage ) : 

170. i. Horace,' b. i Dec. 1785; m. Stebbins; removed to Aurora, N. V. 

171. ii. Col. Aurora," b. 20 Mch. 1787; m. 3 Nov. 1812, Betsey (dau. of Aaron) Case, b. 19 Apr. 

1790. They occupied the paternal homestead at Weatogue, which John Case, Sen., 
formerly owned, and which is still retained in the family. Issue: (i) Aurora,' b. 22 
Aug. 1813, m. Abigail Tryon; removed to Indiana; (2) Averitt," b. 19 May, 1815; d. 
27 Apr. 1851; (3) Albert,' b. 17 Feb. 1817; d. 4 Jan. 1819; (4) Harvey E.,' b. 19 
Apr. 1820; (5) Seth E.,' b. 23 Dec. 1825; m. Minerva E. Wilcox; resided, a lawyer, 
at New Britain, Ct. 

172. iii. Harvey," b. 28 June, 1790; d. 5 Mch. 1854. 

173. V. Samuel,5 b. 12 Mch., 1755; died unmarried. 

174. VI. Amasa,5 b. 12 Jan'y, 1758: d. 19 Feb'y, 1799, ae. 41; m. (i) Lucys Case; in. (2) 

Abigail Griswold. Family 29. 

175. VII. AsA,5 b. I Sept., 1760; d. i Mch., 1831, se. 70; m. (i) Asenaths Case; in. (2) Clarissa ^ 

Humphrey. J Family 30. 

176. VIII. Ozias,5 b. I Dec, 1763; m. (i) Polly M^Ray ; m. (2) Hills. Family 31. 


177- Joseph" Humphrey, [90J ( Joseph, ^ Sergt. John,' Michael,' )v:^s bom 5 Sept., 1721, 
in Simsbury, Ct. ** He married Margaret (daughter of Capt. Jonathan and ISIarj- Beman) Case, ft 
b. 3 Aug., 1722, d. 4 May, 1806, ae. 84 years. JJ They settled in Simsbury, Conn., where they 
resided until his death, which occurred 9 INIch., 1770, at the age of 48.*** His will was dated 
Mch. 8, 1770, and proved Oct. 10, 1770; his son Joseph^ being the executor; Inventory amt.'' to 
;^i02.5. 9 : gave jC^^o each to his two daus. Margaret and Lydia, and balance of property to his 
only son Joseph. (Simsbury Prob. Rec., i., 18-21, 160.) 

178. I. Joseph, 5 b. 24 Jan'y, 1743-4 ; d. 21 Sept., 1809, £e. 65 ; m. Annis^ Pettibone. Family 32. 

179. II. Margaret,5 d. 1808 (.'); m. (i) Noah-" Humphrey; m. (2) Capt. David Phelps. 

Family 23, S.' 

180. III. Lydia,s m. F'zekiel Tuller, and raised a family in Simsbury, Ct. 

* Goodwin's Geneal. Notes, pp. 293, 294 ; t January, ace. to Goodwin, p. 291. 

J "Clarinda" Humphrey, on Simsbury Records. 

** Simsbnry Records. 

tt Mrs. S. J. Chapman [Fam. 32, .1.] has a wooden box about 18 inches by two feet, and ten inches deep, painted red and striped 
around the edges with a creain color, which belonged to Margaret Case, and bears her initials. 

XX Inscription in Hop Meadow Burying-ground . 

•** March 9, 1770, in his 48lh year.— Ins. in Hep Meadow Buryirg-ground ; "died at y House of Maskel Bacon, Jr."— Sj'wi- 
bvr^ Records. 



181. John' Humphrey, [105] (Esq. John,^ Dea. John,^ Sergi. John,^ Michael,' ) \vil% born 
20 Oct., 1732, probabk in Sinisbun-, Ct. He married, i8 April, 1758, "Widow Dorcas Ward,, 
whose maiden name was Dorcas Chick, both of Simsbur)-," Conn. ( Tmvn Records. ) 

John Humphrey was Representative to General Assembly from Simsbur)-, Ct., May, 1770. 
182. I. John.'. 


183. Lieutenant Nathaniel' Humphrey, ['o6] (Esq. John,'' Dea. John,^ Sergt. John,'' 
Michael,^) was born 20 May, 1735, in Simsbury, Conn.; was freeman Apr., 1758, ( Simsbwy Rec- 
ords.) He married (i) 2 Jan., 1755,* Maria'* (dau. ofCharles^ and Hepzibah Pettibone) Humphrey, 
of Simsbury. [Fam. 5, S.=] She died 12 May, (O. S.) 1759, aged 21 years.f He married (2) 
Lucy (dau. of Caleb) Moses. Res. Simsbury, Ct. Lucy Humphrey is included in the list of 
church members, 1777. — Manual 0/ Cong. Church of Simsbury. 

Lieut. Humphrey ser\ed as Clerk in the same companj' with his brother. Ensign afterward 
Major Elihus Humphre}', under Colonel, afterward General Phineas Lyman, in the war against the 
French and Indians in Canada. He was also in the Company of Capt. Noah 3 Humphre)-, [Fam. 
6, S.^] under Col. Lyman, which joined the expedition to and engaged in the capture of Havanna, 
in 1762. In the Revolutionary war he likewise had a commission and command. 

He died in 1822, aged 87 years. Nathaniel Humphrey, deed, reported insolvent June 19, 
1822; inventory June 24, 1822. Jeffrey O. Phelps was appointed administrator, Apr. 20, 1822. 
[■See Fam. 64, S.^j— f^^. P. R.. i.x., 173-4, 227-8, 391.) 

His widow died 19 Jan.. 1819, aged 83 years. Her will was dated Mch. 11, 1813, and 
proved Feb. 16, 1819; mentions Lucy as the eldest daughter; also, "heirs of the other dau. de- 
ceased, now in parts unknown ; " only son Thaddeus, deceased, had heirs : Lucretia, Rosalinda, 
Thaddeus, Erastus, and David. Dositheus' Humphrey, [Fam. 35, J.^] accepted executorship, Feb. 
16, 1819; distribution, May 22, 1822, to Thaddeus Humphrey, Erastus Humphrey, David Hum- 
phrey, Lucretia wife of Eri Ensign, Rosa Humphre}', heirs of Philaster Pinney's wife, dec."^, residing 
in parts unknown, and Lucy Humphrey. (Simsbury Prob. Rec, viii., 344, 346; ix., 168-170.) 
Children (by ist wife) : 

184. I. Maria,' m. Elijah Noble; settled in Simsbury, Conn.; had a large family. She was 

living in December, 1789. [See will of widow Hepzibah Humphrey; Fam. 5, S.''] 
(By 2d ivife. ) 

185. II. THADDErs,' b. 1769; d. 1804, K. 35; m. Lucretia Pinney. Family 33. 

186. III. Lucy,' d. unmarried. 

187. IV. ,' d. before 1819; ni. Wilkinson. 


188. Major Elihu^ Humphrey, [107] (Esq. John,'' Dea. John,-i Sergl. John," Michael',)' 
was born 14 Apr., 1738, in Simsbury. Ct. He married, 7 April, 1763, (Simsbury Records) Asenaths 
(dau. of Col. Jonathan^ and Desire Owen) Humphrey, b. Apr., 1746, d. 11 Apr., 1779, se. 33.. 
[Fam. 17, S.^] He was a surveyor, and resided in Simsbury, Ct. 

* Simsbury Records. 

t Inscription in Hop Meadow Buryins-groutld : May 12, 1758, Simslntry Records. 


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He was in active service in tlie French and Indian Wars. See (opposite) /ac-similc of letter 
to him from his father, Esq. Jolin. In September, 1760, he was an ensign in Gen. Phineas Lv- 
man's companv, and encamped at Montreal. He also joined the expedition against the Spanish 
and went to Havanna in 1762. 

He served in the Revolutionary war till the battle of Long Island, in which he was wounded 
and captured. He was confined in the Old Sugar-house, by the British, and barbarously treated, 
so that on his release and return to Simsbury he soon after died. 

In History of viy Chvn Times, by Rev. Daniel Barber, printed at Washington, 1827, we find: 
— "Immediately after the battle of Bunker's Hill, in 1775, orders were given for raising a regiment 
of Connecticut troops, for the term of five months, under Col. Jedediah Huntington, of Norwich. 
I enlisted * under Captain Elihu Humphrey, of Simsbury. * * * Captain Elihu, as we 
generally called him, was the son of the Hon. John H., formerly one of the Governor's Council, 
and a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas for the County of Hartford. Captain Elihu was a 
well-bred gentleman ; his friendly turn tif mind, with a sweetness of disposition, secured him the 
love of all good men ; his confidence and esteem procured him the commission of Major, in the 
second campaign. He, dying about the close of the year 1776, [in service] left, as a legacy to 
his family, a name, whose reputation will not be forgotten during many generations. I knew him 
— I revered him — I loved him." Sergeant "Jonathan Humphrey, Jr., (afterward Col. H.) was Clerk 
of the Roll " — from Simsbury; "was a most charming companion; his social airs and pleasant 
countenance gained the affection and good wishes of all. He is long since dead, and lies buried 
near Major Elihu, in Hop Meadow burying-ground. "' [See Fam. 64, S.^] 

For full particulars of this Company's march see sermon preached to them by Re\'. Mr. 
Pitkm, of Farmington, &c., in Barber's Hist. Collections of Connecticut, pp. 103, 104. 

Maj. Humphrey died 25 Feb., 1777, aged 38 years.f His will was dated Aug. 8. 1776 ; in- 
ventory exhibited July 8, 1777: amouni ;^965.i3.6; will proved May 24, 1777; wife Asenath and 
Jonathan Humphrey, Jr., executors; mentions three daus. : Asenath, Ophelia and Rowena ; gives 
each £21, when 18 or married; mentions also three sons: Elihu, Sterling and Young. Daniel 
Knapp (who afterwards married the widow) bought most of the estate. After her death, in 1779, 
Col. Jonathan Humphrey [See Fams. 17 and 64, S.=] was appointed guardian of the six children. 
Col. Jonathan Humphrey, of Simsbury, gives receipts Jan. 17, 1795 to May 12, 1800. The 
following names are mentioned : Theodore Hillyer, Lodame Hillyer, Young Humphrey, by Elihu 
Humphrey Guardian, David Phelps, Jr., Asenath Phelps, Calvin Barber, Rowena Barber, Augustus 
Pettibone, Cephas Pettibone of Norfolk, Elihu Humphrey, Starling Humphrey, Giles Pettibone, Jr., 
Obediah Pease, Deziah Pease (the three last-named of Norfolk), and Ophelia Humphrey. Simsbury 
Prob. Records, i., 261, 262, 373-7, 498, 513; iv., 120-22. 

189. I. AsEXATH,* b. 1765; d. I Oct., 1825, ffi. 60: m. before 24 ]\Ich., 1792, J David (son 

of David and Abigail Griswold) Phelps, of Simsbury, Ct., b. 13 May, 1759; d. 25 
Apr., 1835, Ee. 76. Issue: 

190. i. Asenath," m. Philo HolcOtTlb. 

191. ii. Lyman," m. Sarah Watson. 

192. iii. Mary," m. Ezra Paine. 

193. iv. Roswell." 

194. V. Susan." 

* This company of 75 men, principally of Simsbur>'. was raised by enlistment : and was retained 
following December. 

t 25 July, 1777, has also been given as the date of Maj. Elihu's death, but this cannot be correct if the inventory of his estate ' 
exhibited 8 July, 1777, as found on the records; Feb. 25, 1777, in 39th yr., ace. to ins. in Hop Mtadow Burying-ground. 

X Simsbury Probate Records, ii., p. 118. 





1 08. 



vi. Warren." 
vii. Elvira." 

Elihu,' m. ; is said to have settled at Nine Partners, Dutchess Co., N. Y. 

RowENA,* d. 18 May, 1842; m. 31 Jan., 1793, Calvin (son of Daniel and Martha 
Phelps) Barber, of Simsbury, Ct., b. 15 Sept., 1772, d. 14 Mch., 1846.* Res. 
Simsburv, Ct. Thev became members of the Cong, church in Simsbury, 1799. 
Children : 
igg. i. Rovvena," b. 15 Jan. 1794; d. 17 Nov. 1875, unmarriecl. " Roena Barber, Jun.," was ad- 

mitted to tlie Cong, churcli in Simsbury, in 1814. 

200. ii. Lura," b. 27 Mch. 1796; m. 16 June, 1830, James Lewis. She d. 25 July, 1870. 

Res. Granby, Ct. 

201. iii. Abigail Leonora," b. 11 Dec. 1798; m. 19 Oct. 1829, Alanson SpenCer. She died 6 

Jan. 1867. Res. New Hartford, Ct. 

202. iv. Calvin Nelson," b. 10 Oct. 1800; m. Lucy Pitkin. He died 5 Jan. 1844. Res. Simsbury, 

Ct.; became a member of the Cong, church in that place, 1824. 

203. V. Achsah Delight," b. 16 Feb. 1803; d. 25 May, 1870, unmarried. 

204. vi. Virgil Bushrod," b. 3 Jan. 1805; m. 11 Mch. 1830, Cornelia Case. He d. 22 Sept. 1835. 

Res. Lockport, III. 

205. vii. Dr. Lucius Israel,' b. 7 Oct. 1806; grad. Amherst College, 1826; m. (i) Marion P. Brown, 

I Mch. 1843; (2) Abbie Sexton. Res. (1882), Simsbury, Ct. No children. 

206. viii. Emeline," b. 19 Apr. 1809; m. 9 Apr. 1835, Allen McLean. 

207. ix. Julia," b. 8 Oct. 181 1; m. 19 May, 1842, Jarvis " Humphrey. [See Family 78, J.-, for 

chddren] . 

208. X. Mary Ann," b. 7 Oct. 1813; d. 10 Nov. 1852. 

209. xi. Decius Scott,' b. 15 Feb. 1816; d. 15 Oct. 1833. 

210. xii. Lucia Jeanette," b. 9 July, 1818; d. 29 Mch. 1858. 

211. IV. Ophelia,'' d. 13 Apr., 1806, aj. 38; buried in Hop Meadow Burying-ground. She be- 

ame a member of the Cong, church in Simsburv, i799.t 

212. V. Sterling.* He d. 12 Jan., 1806, se. 34; buried in Hop Meadow Burying-ground. t 

213. \'\. Young.* He was born and lived in Simsbury; was unmarried; d. 10 Feb., 1852, -j- 

se. 76; buried in Hop Meadow Burying-ground. f 


214. Benajah^ Humphrey, [112J t Sa-gt. Bmajdh,* Dca. John,i Sa-gl. Jo/m,^ Muhaci,') 
was born 22 Jul\-, 1728, in Simsbury; was freeman Sept., 1750. He married 9 Feb., 1748-9, 
Caroline'' (dau. of Charles 3 and Hepzibah Pettibone) Humphrey, and settled in Simsbury, where 
the births of their children aie recorded. [Fam. 5, S.^] She was born 25 Feb., 1731-2, in S., 
and died 19 Jan., 1771, se. 39 years. He died 8 Aug., 1761, a;. 33 years. 

His will was dated Dec. i, 1760, and proved January 5, 1762; mentions son Amaziah 
and daughters Caroline, Hepzibah and Dorcas. Inventory dated Nov. 12, 1761 ; amount ;^575. 1.4; 
his son Amaziah* and brother Elishas were executors; administration account of widow showed 
that the debts and charges exceeded the movable estate; an allowance of /"13. 11.7 was made 
from movables for the necessities of the widow. {Hartford Probate Records, xix. , 8, 41, 49; xx., 
183). She m. (2) Sylvanus Case. [See Fam. 27, S.=] 

• Loaiii/s Cni., Fcm.ile Branches, Vol. I., p. 452 ; pub, 1880. 

t All said to have been Albinos. J 11 Feb., 1S52, Stmsbu,y RecorJs. 


Children : 

215. I. Benajah/ b. 2 Dec, 1749; d. 30 Sept., 1754,* ae. 5. 

216. II. OziAS,'' b. 5 Feb., 1752; d. 20 Oct., 1754,* £e. 2. 

217. III. Amaziah,* b. 28 Jan'y, 1754; d. 26 Feb., 1822, ce. 68; m. Elizabeth Harris. Family Si- 

218. IV. Carolink,'' b. 31 May, 1756; m. (i) Samuel Lovett; 111. (2) John G. Terry; re- 

moved to N. Y. State : no issue. She was remembered in the will of widow Hepzibah 
Humphrey, her grandmother, and was therefore living m December, 1 789. [See 
Fam. 5, S.^] 

219. V. Hepzibah,'' b. 14 Oct., 1758; m. Col. Azariah (son of Elisha) Wilcox, and settled at 

Canton, Conn., on the place owned, in 1856, by Sidney S. Sexton, in the Farms 
school-district. He died in 18 14, x. 58. She was living December, 1789. [See 
Fam. 5, S.''] issue: 

220. i. Benajah,' born about 1778. 

221. ii. Caroline." 

222. iii. Chloe.' 

223. iv. Tammy Lovett," born 1793. 

224. V. Azariah Jay,' born 1795; d- 1812; was drowned at Tariffville. 

225. vi. Hepzibah,' m. Henry Harringjton. t 

226. VI. Dorcas,^ b. 15 Aug., 1760; m. Giles^ (son of Capt. John-* ami Sarah Barber) Case, 

of Simsbury, Ct. [Fam. 2, (17) S.^'] He was born 24 May, 1757. They settled 
in Onondaga County. N. Y. ; had a family. | She was living in December, 1789. 
[See Fam. 5, S. ^j 


227- Elisha' Humphrey, [115J {^''•rg^- Benajah,'' Dea. John,^ Sergl. Johnr Michael',) 
was born 19 Nov., 1733. He married Lydias (dau. of Esq. John'*) Humphrey, b. 22 Sept., 1740, d. 
12 Feb.; 1826, aged 85 years.** [Fam. 8 (108), J.-] He settled in Simsbury, Ct. ; was in the 
French and Indian wars, under Gen. Putnam. 

He died 30 June, 18 15, aged 81 years.** Administration on his estate was granted, Aug. 
15, 1815, to Dositheus* and Simeon' Humphreys, his sons; si.K months allowed for creditors. In- 
ventory $4636,66. (S. P. R., VII., 506-7.) 
Children : 

228. I. PZlisha,'" b. 4 June, i770;ff m. Sabrina Griswold. 

229. II. Abner.'^ b. 14 July, 1772; died unmarried. Inventory of his estate, 21 Oct., 1816, 

$2066,54. March 6, 1821, administration granted to Dositheus Humphrey "on the 
estate of .\bner Humphreys, of Simsbury." ( S. P. R., VIII., 446.) Distribution 
Oct. 8, 1S21. to Elisha H., Dositheus H., Simeon H., Lydia H., and .\nna H. 
(S. P. R.. IX., 6-7 and 75-78.) 

230. III. Dositheus,'' b. 20 .\pr.. 1775; il. 7 [an'y, 1853, a;. 78; m. Louisa Terr}'. Family 35. 

231. IV. Lyoia,''J| b. 15 Feb., 1778: d. 26 June, 1857, a?. 79;** unmarried. She "died 27 

June, 1857, X. 79; born and resided in Simsbury, a tailoress."* 

* Simsbury Rccor<is. 

t Early Settlers of West Shiistmry :now Canton, Ct,\ p. 131. 

X Goodwin's Genealogical Xotes, p. 278. 

** Inscriptions in floJ> Meadenu Bttrying-grotind. 

It Ehsha, in Family Bible, has date of birth Feb. 16, 1778. 

XX Not £iven in Family Bible, of date 1716 ; other dates of birth as found there, except that of Elisha. 


232. V. Anna/ b. 28 May, 1780; d. 10 Apr., 1856, ae. 76;* unmarried: "died 11 Apr., 

1856, ae. 73; born and resided in Simsbur_v ; died of pneumonia." f 

233. VI. SiiMEox,"^ b. I Yeh., 1783; d. 26 Nov., 1866, se. 84;* unmarried: "farmer, born and 

resided in Simsbury; died of dropsy, "f 


234. Benoni' Humphrey, ['20] (Sa-g/. Benajah,^ Dea. John,^ Sergt. John,- Michael,^) 
was born 27 Dec, 1745, in Simsbury, Conn. He married Lois Merrills — widow of Abraham* 
Humphrey, formerly of New Hartford, Conn. She died in 1794, at Mrs. Lois 5 Woodford's, Bur- 
lington, Ct. [See Fam. 22, S. = ] He died 8 Aug., 1795, ae. 50. 

Inventory of the estate of Benoni Humphrey, late of Barkhamsted, deceased, appraised July 
4, 1792; amt. ^^82.14.3: Theodore Humphrey one of the appraisers. [See Fam. 23, S.=] Lois 
Humphrey, the widow, asked for something to be set out to her for her support : Court set out 
for that purpose ^^lo. i.o, and for the support of the family the first year ;^i7.9. 10; estate repre- 
sented insolvent; a portion of land sold to pay the debts, j[,22.().2. ( S. P. R., IV., 91-97).! 
Children : 

235. I. Benoni,^ d. 8 Aug., 1808, a;. 38; m. Abigail Latimer. F.\mily 36. 

236. II. Jesse.'' 

237. III. Elias.' Res. Spafford, Onondaga Co., N. Y. 

238. W. George.''** 

239. V. Abigail,^ married Noble Phelps, of Simsbur}', Ct. Had descendants. 

240. VI. Chloe,'' married Chauncey Case, of Canton, Ct. Res. Nelson, Madison Co., N. Y. 

Children : 

241. i. George." [There were other sons whose names have not been ascertained.] 


242. Michael' Humphrey, [122] (Dea. Michael,* Dea. John, ^ Sergt. John,^ Michael,') 
was born 13 May, 1736. He married Hannah (dau. of Asahel) Andrus, of Simsbury, 30 Apr., 
1 759. It They settled in Simsbury. Ct., and there raised a family and died. His will was dated 
Oct. 17, 1809, and proved Dec. 12, 1809; mentions daus. Sylvia and Louise, and sons Levi, 
Gurdon and Richard. ( S. P. P., VI., 212-215.) 

Children : 
243. I. Richard,'' b. 24 Aug., 1759 ;t died unmarried, at the age of 17, of small-po.x, on 

his return from New York, where he had been servmg in the Army of the Colonies, 
and had been barbarously treated in a British Prison. 

Esther,* b. 22 Sept., I76i;f d. 5 jan'v, 1764, ae. 2 yrs., 3 mos. 

Levi,* b. i May, 1765;! d. 6 Aug., 1845, ^- 8°: ""■• Lorania Eaton. Family 37. 

Gurdon,* b. 19 July, 1767; d. 6 Apr., 1831, se. 64; m. ]\Iindwell Roberts. Family 38. 

* Inscriptions in //t'/ .t/eatifl^u Biiryiiig-groutid. 

t Simsbury Records. 

t If this is the inventory of the est.ite of Benoni above-mentioned, there must be some error as to date of death or appraisal. 

•* Distribution of the estate of George Humphrey. May 31st, 1850. (Inventory dated April 28th, 1849.) The loUowing persons are 
ntioned : Widow Salome : sons, Samuel, Horace and Lucius : daughters, Mary, wife of John Gladdy, and Nancy, deceased, who 
rried Lucius Nichols.— //.irt/orrf Co. Prob. Records. This may relate to George Humphrey, (23S). 

tt "Michael Humphrey, son of Deacon Michael, m, Hannah Andrus Ap. 30, ^jt-i." —Simsbury Records. 







247- ^- Svt.viA,* b. 1769; m. Israel Segur, of Canton, Ct. ; settled in Barkhampsted, Conn. 
She was living in 1809, the date of her father's will. He may have been son o( 
Joseph Segur, Jr., of West Simsbury, Ct., afterwards of New Hartford.* Issue: 


i. Uzziel.' 


ii. Sylvia.' 
iii. Onirl." 
iv. Garry.' 


V. Homan.' 


vi. Lotan." f 



LovisA,^ b. 1772 
Knapp, M. D. 

was living in 1809, at the date of her father's will; m. Colby 
of Norfolk, Conn., and settled in O.xford, Chenango Co., N. Y. , 
where lie remained in the practice of his profession till his death. She married (2) 
Johnson Cleaveland, of Canton, Ct. Children (by ist marriage) : 

255. i. Sopliia," (Knapp) b. 1790; m. Thos. Hughan, M. D., of Oxford, N. Y. She was living 

in 1869. Child: Louisa" (Hughan), who m. Bonsall. They had one son: 

(a) Birdsey' (Bonsall), a merchant in Biiighamton, N. Y. 
(By 2d marriage) : 

256. ii. Horatio' (Cleaveland). 

257. iii. Emeline" (Cleaveland), is deceased. 

258. iv. Harry ' (Cleaveland). 

259. V. Louisa' (Cleaveland). 

260. VII. Richard,^ b. 1780; d. 3 Dec, 1818, k. 38; m. (i) Mary J. Cleaveland; m. (2) Sarah 

Miller. Family 39. 


261. Hon. Daniel' Humphrey, ['23] (Dca. Michael,'' Dea. John,'i Sergi. John,-' Michael,^) 
was born 17 Aug., 1737,! in Simsbur}, Ct. He married, 10 Apr., 1760, (Simsbury Rec. ) Rachel 
(dau. of Hon. David and Abigail Pettibone) Phelps, of S. She was born 12 Dec, 1742,** and died 
23 Sept., 1809, ae. 66. ff He first settled at Norfolk, Ct., and was there chosen constable in 1765; 
soon after returned to Simsbury, where he became eminent in the public affairs of the town and 
colony, and afterward of the State. He and his wife were members of the Congregational church 
in that place, in 1777. He was a lawyer. Justice of the Peace from 1778 to 1803, and, in 1787, 
delegate with Gen. Noah Phelps, to the Convention which ratified the Federal Constitution. Sims- 
bury was opposed to the adoption of that instrument, and instructed its delegates to <) it in 
Convention, which Mr. Humphrey did by his vote, though, as he protested, in opposition to his 
personal inclination and convictions. He was a representative in the Legislature of the State for 
many terms, and bore, to the end of his life, the confidence and respect of all who knew^ him 
in public or private station. " Esquire Daniel," as he was called, was a man of great ph3sical and 
mental stamina, of the early New England type. In person he was tall, stately, and athletic, in- 
clining to corpulency, with a fresh complexion, and eyes and hair very dark. He was characterized 
by resolution, self-reliance, affability and sociability in society ; which, with the acquisition of dis- 
tinguished learning in his profession, for his day, and extensive literary accomplishments and general 
information, fitted him to fill, with especial credit, the places of public trust -and honor conferred 

* Early Settlers of West Sinislmry. Ct-. p. 122. 
■t Several of these children had descendants, 
t b. 7 Aug. 1737, ace. to ShurtlifT's MS., and H. H Barbour, 

** 10 Dec. 1741— ShurtlifT's MS.— Genealogy ol the Phtlps family; ii Dec. 1741— Stiles' Hist. 0/ Ancient Ifinihor : 12 Dec. 1743— 
«c. to F. S. Humphrey, (7,. J.] 

ft Inscription in /*/ Mca.loiu Burying -groicid. 

on him. His descendants have, to a remarkable degree, inherited his physical and mental traits. 
His wife, from one of the most distinguished families in New England, all accounts state to have 
been a superior woman. In his domestic relations he exhibited much of the stern social habit so 
common in that da}-, holding that parental government and filial obedience were alike duties of 
the family relation, to an extent which, in modern times, would be regarded as arbitrary. He died 
27 Aug., 1813, se. 76.* "Daniel Humphreys, Esq. of Simsbury," — his will, dated March 5, 181 1, 
was proved Sept. 14, 1813; mentions daus. Sally and Polly; sons Daniel, Campbell, Philander, 
Augustus, Chauncey and Dudley — the two last-named were Executors. ( S. P. R., VH., 154-5.) 
Chihiren : 

262. I. Daniel,** b. 18 Ma)-, 1761; d. 26 May, i76i.t 

263. H. Sarah, ° b. 7 Apr., 1762; d. 27 May, 1821, ». 59; m., as 2d wife, Phineas (son of 

Dea. Jonathan) Noble, of Simsbury, b. 1752. They removed to Harwinton, Litch- 
field Co., Ct. . where both died. He died May, 1824, se. 72. Issue: 

264. i. Pliiiieab Warren," b. I Dec. 1783; m. (i) Honor Catlin, of Harwinton; m. (2) Chloe Owen, 

of E. Granby. He was a merchant at Harwinton; d. 16 Aug. 1866. Children (by 
ist marriage): (i) Sarah," m. Piatt BiSSell, of Kent, Ct., where they resided. (2^ 
Honor," m. Anson Ca.ndee, of Harwinton, and d. 1851, leaving one child, an infant. 
Besides these two daughters there were two sons and one daughter who died in. 
infancy. (By 2d marriage): (6) Jane." 

265. ii. Mary," b. June, 1787; res., (1869) at Vernon, N. Y., unmarried. 

266. iii. Amelia,' t b. June, 1791; m. Sheldon ScOVllle, of Harwinton, Ct.; removed to Vernon,. 

N. V. She d. 27 Nov. 1847, -x. 56, leaving three sons and one daughter. 

267. iv. Nancy,' Vi. June, 1794; m. James Tyler, of Harwinton; resided in Vernon; d. 1867. 

Three children; all died in infancy. 

268. V. Fanny,' b. Dec. 1795 ;** m. Harvey (son of Amos) Tuller, of Simsbury. He d. Feb. 

185 1. Children: (i) Elizabeth' (Tuller), m. Elizur H. (son of Dea. Chauncey) EnO,, 
of Simsbury, and had one son; (2) James' (Tuller); (3) George* (Tuller); (4) Amos" 
260. vi. Rachel,' b. 14 Aug. 1799; m. Horace WllSOn, ul Harwinton, and liad one son and 

one daughter. She d. 31 Dec. 1866. 

270. vii. Huldah,' b. June, 1802; m. Wilson Frisby, of Harwinton. He died in Vernon, N. V. 

They had five sons and four daughters who were living in 1869. 

271. viii. Philander,' b. 18 Oct. l8o6; died in Westmoreland, N. Y., in the fall of 1848, x. 42; 

was unmarried. tt 

272. HI. Polly,* b. i8 Mch., 1764 ; d. 19 Jan'y, 1849, ae. 85, in Hartland, Conn.; m. Levi' 

(son of Capt. John* and Sarah Barber) Case, of Simsbury, b. 14 Dec, 1760; died 
"in Simsbury, 23 Apr., 1802, £. 41. [Earn. 2 (17), S.=] After his death, by her 
exertions, the widow reared and educated her children to positions of influence and 
usefulness. Issue: 

273. i. Polly,' m. Elizur (son of Daniel) Benjamin, of Hartland. Children: (I) Rachel " (Ben- 

jamin); (2) Abigail* (Benjamm); (3) Polly" (Benjamin); (4) Agnes" (Benjamin); (5)' 
Marietta' (Benjamin); (6) Eliza' (Benjamm); (7) Clinton ' (Benjamin); (8) Elizur* (Ben- 

* Inscription in Hop Meadffw Buryi-ns-ground 

1 "Daniel Humphrey's Infant child died June 3, 1761 " — Sintshuyy Records. 
X Emily, ace. to one authority. 
'*'* b. 28 Dec. 1796, ace. to another record. 

't Several of the descendants of Phineas and Sarah (Humphrey) Noble, of station and influence, are said to be residing in and: 
near Vernon, N. Y. 


jamin); (9) Scott" (Benjamin). One of the daughters m. Anson 1.. HolcOITlb, nf 
Granby; two children, a son and daughter. 
.274. ii. Agnes,' m. Dr. Josiah W.'Case, of Canton, b. 12 Feb. 1790, d. 26 June, 1830; son of 

Capt. Fithin and Amarylhs'' (Humphrey) Case. [See Fam. 21, S.-, for descendants.] 

275. iii. Persis," ni. Hiram SanOford, of Barkhamsted, and had two children. They removed 

to Ohio, where she died. Mr. Sandford married a second time. 

276. iv. Levi Phelps,' b. 4 Jan. 1800; m. Harriet Jones, of Barkhamsted. He died in Hartland, 

Conn., 30 Jan'y, 1850, :e. 50. Childrvn: (i) Cornelius"; (2) Harriet"; (3) Julia"; (4) 
Campbell"; (5) Lucien"; (6) Helen"; (7) *, died in infancy. 

277. V. Jairus,' M. U., b. 20 Mch. 1S02; m. Mary Theresa Higley. Chihircn: (i) John"; (2) 

William"; both are lawyers. 

278. IV. Daniel Granville,'' b. 14 June, 1766: d. 25 June, 1831, k. 65; ni. Lucretia En 

Family -10. 

279. V. Alexander Campbell,^ b. 30 Jan'y, 1768; d. 17 Nov., 1S2S, a;. 61;* m. Susannali 

Higley. Family 41. 

280. VI. Philander,'^ b. 23 June, 1770; d. 9 Feb., 1823, ae. 53; m. Anna Selby. F'amily 4:2. 

281. VII. Augustus,'' b. 24 Jan., 1773 : f d. 11 Sept., 1832, a.'. 59 ; ni. (i) Eeda Frisby ; m. (2) Lucy 

Goodman. Family 43. 

282. VIII. Chauncky,'' b. II Apr., 1774 ; | d. 18 Dec, 1852, a;. 78 ; m. Amanda Hills.** Family 44. 

283. IX. Phelps,* b. 19 Feb., 1779: d. 8 Sept., 1800, cc. 21,* unmarried; died suddenly, v/hile 

standing whetting liis scytlie in the mowing-field, by the side of his father. 
2S4. X. Dudley,'' b. 17 Aug., 1784 ; d. 10 July, 1859, a;. 75 ; m. Phebe Case. Family 45. 


285. AsaheP Humphrey, Esq., [140J (Dea. Michael,* Dm. John,^ Sergt. John,'' iHic/uu/,' ) 
was born 22 July, 1747, (O. S.)tt •" Sinisbury, Ct. He married Prudence Merrills, 23 Aug., 1773; 
and settled in Norfolk, Ct. , where he was appointed Selectman in 1790. He represented that 
town in the General Assembly of Connecticut, 1779 (January, adjourned session); 1786 (May and 
October sessions); 1787 (October); 1788 (May); 1792 (October); 1793, '94 and '96 (May and 
October). JJ Subsequently, he removed to the State of Ohio, where he remained but a short time. 
On his return to New England he settled at New Marlborough, Mass., residing there until his death, 
which occurred about 22 January, 1827. He was a lawyer by profession, and is said to have 
possessed an excellent character and fine abilities. His widow died 11 Aug., 1840, k. 87 years. 
Chihircn : 

286. I. Dudley,'^ b. 5 June, 1775; d. 6 May, 1823, se. 48: ni. Poll)- Phelps. Family 46. 

287. II. Martha,'' b. Mch., 1778; d. abt. 1825 ; m. (i) Isaac Turner, of New Marlborough, 

Mass., and had eight children. She married (2) Dr. Y,. D, Hudson. He was 
formerly engaged in the manufacture of artificial limbs. He died in New York City, 
about 1879. Children (hy 2d marriage ) : 

288. i. Daniel' (Hudson^, died when a youth. 

289. ii. Fowler' (Hudson), was a book-keeper; res. New York City. 

* Inscription in Hop Mcadojv Bttrying-groittid. 
t Situsbury Records. 

% Chauncey, b. 14 Apr. 1777, according to one authority. 
•* Huldah Hill, ace. to another authority. 

ft Ace. to his grand-son Edwin Steele Humphrey. [Fam, 84, J] 

tt From Roll 0/ State Officers and Members 0/ General Assembly 0/ Connecticut from lyyb-lSSl : pub. by order of the General 
Assembly, 1881. 

2QO. iii- Danvin E.' (Hudson), M. D.: was practising medicine in New York City, 1882; res. No. 

227 West 22d Street. 

291. III. As.\HEL,'' b. 24 Apr., 1779; d. 12 Apr., 1852, x. 73; m. Clarissa .Steele ; m. (2) Betsey 

Steele : m. (3) Victoria Luman. F.amii.y 47. 

292. IV. Kezi.\h,'' b. M Ian'}-, 1781 : m. Eber Maxfield, of Nelson, Ohio, where she died, 

about 1839. No children. 

293. V. Mary,'' b. 4 May, 1783 ; m. (i) Daniel Taft, of New Marlborough, Mass. They 

emigrated to Ohio, about 1814 ; where he died leaving several children. She married 
(2) Fuller; and resided in Farmington, Trumbull Co., O. 

294. VI. [.\5iES,'' (M. D. ), b. 1786; d. Mch. 1813, X. 27; died unmarried at Dover, Dutchess 

Co., N. v., where he had located in the practice of his profession, of which he was a 
promising representative. He died of an epidemic, then prevailing, called "spotted 
fever ; " was well on retiring to bed at night, and without apparent consciousness 
of his condition till aroused in the morning, when he pronounced his case hopeless, 
as it proved, he living but a short time. 

295. VII. Prudence Harriet,* b. 24 May, 1788; died ae. 70, Westfield, Mass.; m. Reuben 

Pettis, of New Marlborough, Mass. ; no children. 

296. VIII. Lucy,'' b. 12 Sept., 1793; d. June, 1840, as. 47; ni. Norman StOW, of Braceville, 

Ohio, where they both died, leaving five children. 


297- H0Sea= Humphreys, M-D. [142] (-Dm. Michael,^ Dea. John,^ Sergl. Joh?i,^ Mkhael,^ ) 

was born 15 June, 1757, in Norfolk, Ct. He married (i) Persis , born in 1757. The names 

of her parents have not been ascertained. She died 29 July, 18 14, aged 57 years. He married 

(2) ; no children. She must have survived her husband several )'ears, as H. K.^ Adams writes 

that he remembers when a boy (and he was not born until 1828) that his father received a letter 
from a lawyer informing him that his wife was the only heir of Hosea Humphreys. 

Dr. Humphreys died in 1818, a;. 61. He was an able physician, and possessed a deep, 
clear, original and active mind. In early life he was a saddle and harness maker in Providence, 
R. I., but does not appear to have been satisfied with his trade, which was probably not congenial 
to his tastes. He was the author of a philosophical work, on the subject of Heat, comprising 
about two hundred pages. A cojiy was sent to his grand-daughter Sarah L.? Kingman, now Mrs. 
Adams. During the latter part of his life he became largely interested in some cotton mills at 
Littleton, a \'illage near Provitlence. He resided in Norfolk, Ct. , for several }-ears after his marriage, 
as the birth of his daughter is recorded in that town, 1782, and he was sent as representative to 
(jeneral Assembly in 1787, — both the May and October sessions. 

ChiliJ ( hy 1st marriage ) : 
298. I. Ai.MiKA," b. iS Dec 1782: d. Feb., 1816, x-. 34, St. .-Mbans, Vt. : married there, in 

1805, Nehemiah Washburn Kingman, b. 22 Feb. 1779, Canaan, Ct., son of Joseph 
Washburn, of C. and Sarah (Lawrence), b. 1753, in C, d. 27 Nov., 1829, St. 
Albans, W. He was at first a mechanic, then a merchant, and acquired an ample 
fortune for the time in which lie !i\cd. In 18 16, he represented St. Albans in the 
State Legislature. He was interested in steanilinats on Lake Champlain. About the 
year 1820, he, with one of his townsmen, built the ship Gleaner, at St. Albans bay. 
This was the first lioat that ever sailed from Lake Champlain through the Whitehall 
canal down the Hudson to New ^'ork, and the event was celebrated with much 
eclat, as the Q'\W Council, with hands of music, amid salvcis of urtillery heralding its 


arrival, went forth to meet its owners, and do them honor. A pcjrtion of this vessel 
was among the curiosities exhibited at 15arnums Museum. 

A bank was organized at St. Albans in 1S25, of which he was president from 
1827 to 1845. He died in St. Albans, 26 Aug,. 1845, aged 66 3ears. Childrm: 

299. i. Sarah L.', li. 17 Jan. 1806; married, 13 Sept. 1827, Orange AdamS, b. 28 Oct. 1800. 

Whitehall, N. V., son of Jeremiah and Patience (Earle) Adams, of W. In 1825, Mr. 
Adams engaged in mercantile pui'suits in St. Albans, where he has since continued to 
reside, and where he has been frequently offered positions of trust and honor. Childre^n: 

(1) Henry Kingman * (Adams), b. 17 July, 1828; married, 27 April, 1850, Laura \V. 
Smith, b. 5 Feb. 1831, Eden, Vt. He has been engaged in mercantile pursuits and, 
later, as an amateur farmer. Res. 1882, St. Albans, Vt. Children : 

(a) N. W. K.' (Adams), 1). 10 Keb. 1852. (<■) Reginald Irving ^ (Adams), b. 27 
{6) Henry O.' (.\dams), b. 15 Aug. 1854. Jan. 1862. 

(<-) William N.'' (Adams), b. i May, 1857. (/) » (Adams), d. 12 Aug. 1865, 

(</) Sarah I..'' (.^dams), b. 3 July, 1859. in infancy. 

(2) Nchemiah W." (Adams), li. 22 June, 1832; d. 14 Sept. 1850. 

300. ii. Joseph,' b. 1807; d. 1813. 

301. iii. Charlotte," b. 1808; ilied in infancy. 

302. iv. I'ersis," b. 1809; cHlxI in infancy. 

303. V. Charlotte,' b. 1810; d. iSll. 


304. Daniel' Humphreys, I-^q-. [145J (Jitv. Daniel,^ Dea. John,^ Sergt. John,- Mkhael,') 
was born i8 Mav, 1740. in Derby, C't. He married Mary (dau. of William) King, of Portsmouth, 
N. H., in 1769, and settled in that town, after having passed a few years of his married 
life in Connecticut, and about twelve years in New York City. He graduated at Yale College in 
1757, at the age of seventeen years; and was a very fine scholar. He studied law with Hill- 
house, Esq., of New Haven, Ct. In New York City, he opened a private school for cla.ssical study 
and was very successful, having among his pupils children of the first families. At the close of the 
Revolutionary War he settled at Portsmouth, N. H., and opened a law office. He was appointed 
U. S. Attorney for the district of New Hampshire, by Gen. Washington, which office he held till 
his death, transacting business until the last. He was a firm friend to the poor, doing good to all 
around him,' and was very much respected and esteemed by all who knew him. In religious faith 
he was an extreme Calvinist — an adherent to the doctrines of Sandeman. "Daniel Humphreys, Esq., 
has statedly cifticiated, for a number of years, as a teacher to the little flock of Sandemanians in 
Portsmouth. X. H." — Account of the Religious Societies in Portsmouth, N. H., to 1805. By Tim- 
othy .\lden, Jr. Mass. Hist. Coll.. Vol. X., p. 61. He died 30 Sept., 1827, aged 87 years. 
Childnn .- 

305. I. U.\NiEL,° b. 1770: cl. 1800, a?. 30: m. Catharine Sparhawk. F.\mii.y 48. 

306. II. Abig.\il,* b. 1771 : d. 5 Feb., 1856, a?. 85; m. June, 1794, (ieorge King Sparhawk, 

of Portsmouth, X. H. He was born in that town, 22 June. 1771 : d. in Conway, 
N. H. , 12 June. 1849, a?. 78. The}' had eleven children, of whom seven married: 
four were living in 1870. Up to the time of her death Mrs. Abigail * (Humphreys) 
Sparhawk retained her mental faculties to a remarkable degree. She posse.ssed a great 
fund of personal and family history. Issue: 

yyj- i. Jane,' b. 1795; died unmarried, in Conway, N. II., 5 .\ug. 1S34, ;x>. 39. 

3°8. ii. John," b. 1797: died unmarried, in I'urtsmouth, N. H., 18 iS'ov. 1821. 

















;oQ. iii. George,' b. 1800; m. Jane Campbell, of Dunse, Scotland. He died 22 Nov. 1857. They 

had three daughters, of whom only one was living in 1870, — ^Jane.* 
jio. iv. Margaret,' b. 20 Mch. 1802; m. Mark \Vent\vorth PierCSi 14 Feb. 1842. She died 11 

Oct. 1844. No children. 
-511. V. Daniel,' b. 1804; m. Eunice G. Treadwell, of Farmington, Ct., July, 1833. He died in 

Conway, N. H., 22 May, 1859. No children. 
312. vi. Andrew,' b. l8c6; m. Martha A. Phelps, of Blandford, Mass. He died in Albany, N. V., 

Dec. 1864, leaving four children, of whom two were living in 1870. 
vii. Susan,' b. 3 Oct. 1808; unmarried; res. in Conway, N. H. 
viii. Catherine,' b. 16 Jan. 1810; d. in Conway, 13 Feb. 1867, unmarried. 
ix. Charles,' b. 20 Apr. 1812; m. Sarah F. Odell, of Conway, 23 Dec. 1858; no children. 

Res. Conway, N. H. 
X. David Humphreys,' b. Nov. 1815; m. Catherine W. Stone. Res. Boston, Mass. 
xi. Mary P.', b. 20 Jan. 1820; m. N. F. BameS ; had seven children. They res. St. Cloud, 

M.ARY,* b. 1773 ; died ae. 75, unmarried. 

Charles," b. 1775; ^^^^^ 2' ^^^ ^S^ "f 17; was drowned at sea. 
Sus.^N,^ b. 1777; died voung. 
George,* b. 1779; died 3oung. 

George,* b. 17S5; d. Oct., 1824, as. 40; died at City Point, Va., lamented by all 
who knew him. 
323. VIII. Sus.iN,* b. 1786; d. 1863, X. 77; immarried. 


324. John= Humphreys, Esq., [146] (Hn: Damd,'' Dea. John,^ Scrgt. John,'' Michael,\) 
was born 3 Jan., 1744, in Derby, Ct. He married, ii Feb., 1773, Rachel Durand, who died 
II Dec, 1832, ■£. 85 years. He "resided on his father's homestead for a time, after which his 
home was the house north of, and adjoining the old Episcopal cemetery. He was a farmer with 
a large family, — many hired men; and his wife was celebrated for efficiency, and success as a 
housekeeper. " * 

Mr. Humphreys held various local offices, and was quite prominent in public affairs. He 
was a member of the Committee of Inspection appointed for Derby December nth, 1775; took 
the oath of fidelity to the United States April 13th, 1778. March 9th, 1780, it was voted that 
John Humphre\s with several others should "be a committee to assist the officers of the several 
companies in the town of Derby in raising their quota of men that shall be requested in this 
town for the continental and state service at the e.xpense of the town, with discretionary orders to 
give such premiums as said committee in their wisdom shall judge reasonable.'' He served the 
town as selectman, 1777-82, and in 1777-78 had the title of "Ensign." In 1783, the General 
Assembly granted the town of Derby "liberty to set up a lottery for the sum of five hundred 
pounds " to meet e.xpenses of bridge-building, &c. , and John Humphre3's was appointed one of the 
managers of said lottery, which did not prove a financial success. After this the town did not 
again resort to this method of raising funds. In 1786, a school-house of two stories was built, 
afterward called the academy, and he paid ;^2 5.5.5, as his share of the costs. He was town- 
clerk for many years, and recorded the death of his father and mother, and brother INIaj. Elijah -" 
Humphreys; was justice of the peace, 1791-97, and probably longer. In December, 1793, it was 

• History of Derby. 


voted in town-meeting "that John Humphreys, Esq.," with three others, "be a committee to in- 
spect the inoculation of. the small-pox, and make further rules and regulations respecting the 
small-pox as they shall judge necessary for the inhabitants, and to put a stop to the inoculation 
if they judge best.'' In 1795, IMay session, he was representative to the State Legislature. He 
died 18 Feb., 1832, se. 88 years, Derby, Ct. 
C/iM/rn : 

325. I. John,'' b. 11 Feb., 1774; d. 1826, a;. 53; married Sarah C'urtiss. F.vmii.y 49. 

326. H. Sally, "^ b. 19 Apr., 1775; d. 12 IMay, 1812, se. 37; was unmarried. 

327. HI. Wary,'' b. i Feb., 1777; d. 1848, £e. 71. She resided with her father till his death, 

then resided with her sister, and died unmarried at Ripley, Ohio.* 

328. ly. Daniel,*^ b. 4 May, 1779; d. 2 Apr., 1807, k. 28. 

329. V. Anna,''! b. 9 Dec, 1781, d. 1875, ^- 94; was born in Derby, Ct. ; died in Erie, 

Pa. She married, 10 Sept., 1813, Elihu Marvin, of Lyme, Ct. He was born in 
that town, i Aug., 1791, and died 29 Aug., 1878, in Erie, Pa.; was son of F.lisha 
and Elizabeth (Selden) Marvin, who were married 10 July, 1766. They settled in 
Humphreysville, Ct., but removed to Erie, Pa. Children: 

330. i. Susan,' b. 2 Feb. 1816; d. Aug. 1834. 

331. li. Sarah," b. 29 Jan. 1820; married, November, 1838, Rev. Lemuel G. OltDStead, of Moreau, 

Saratoga Co., N. V. She died 25 May, 1843. About the year 1867, he was engaged 
in distributing the Bible in Florence, Italy. [He married (2) 11 June, 1879, Fanny 
Chase; no children.] He died 18 Mch. 1880. «//</ .—Sarah Lucy « (Olmstead), b. 18 
May, 1840; married, 9 Jan. 1866, Matthew CriSWOld, of Lyme, Ct., born in that 
town 6 June, 1833, son of Matthew and I'hebe [lubbard (Ely) Griswold, who were 
married 5 July, 1827. She died 21 Feb. 1871, F>ie, Pa. Mr. Griswold res. r882. 
Erie, Pa. Children: 

(a) Matthew' (Griswold), b. 21 Nov. (b) Elihu Marvin" (Clriswold), li. 18 

1866, Erie. Nov. 1868, Erie. 

332. VI. Susan,^J b. 24 Dec, 1783; d. 2 Sept., 1810, k. 26; was unmarried. 

333. ^'1I. David,'' b. 28 Jan., 1786; d. 21 Mch., 1814, aj. 28, Humphreysville; married Sarah 

ISirdsey, of Middletown, Ct. No children. 

334. VHI. William,"^** b. 16 May, 1788; d. 2 Jan., 1867, a;. 79; married Lucy Maria Beach. 

Family 50. 

UP TOWN IN nERBr.-\-\ 

In memory cif j JoH.v Himphreys F'.sqr | who tiied | Feb 18 1832 | aged 88 years. 

In I memory of | RACHKr, HtMi'HREVs | wife of | John Humphreys | who died | Dec 11 1S32 
I agetl 85 }-ears. 

In memory of Miss Susan and Miss Sally | Humphries daughters of | John Humphreys Esqr 
and I Mrs Rachel Humphreys. 

* "Polly," ace. to Dcrfy Records. She died at Erie, P.i., ace. to Hist. 0/ Verby. 

t"Aime," ace. to Tmim Records. 

X "Su-sy," ace. to Town Records, 

** "P.illy," ace. to Records. 

ft Hi.ttory 0/ Dcrly . Appendix, p. S09. 


Susan died Sept 2 iSio | aged 26 years. 

Like blossomed trees o'erturned by vernal storm 
Lovely in death the beauteous ruin lay. 

Sally died May 12 1S12 | aged 37 years. 

Smitten friends are angels sent on errands 
Full of love ; for us they languish and fur 
Us they die; and shall they languisli — 
Shall they die in vain? 

Ill memory of | Mr Daniel Humphries | son of | John Humi>hries Esqr and | Mrs Rachel 
Humphries | who died April 2 1S07 | aged 28 yea. 

Praises on tomb are titles vainly spent 

A man's good name is his best monument. 

In I memory of | Mr David Humphries | son of John Humphreys Esqr | and ]\Irs Rachel 
Humphre3^s | who died | March 21 1814 | aged 28 years. 

Silent we own Jehovah's name 
We kiss the scourging hand 
And yield our comforts and our life 
To thy supreme command. 

FAMILY 27. ^"^ 

335. INIajor Elijah' Humphreys, [147] C^^'- Daniel,'' Dca. John:^ Sa-gl. John,^ jlHchac!,' ) 
was bom 27 Apr., 1746, Derby, Ct. He married, 22 Oct., 1774, Anna Mansfield,* daughter of 
Rev. Richard Mansfield, D.D.,f and his wife Anna (Hull). They settled in Derb}', where he was 
the town-clerk for many years. "He was highly esteemed as a brave, kind, genial and agreeable 
gentleman"; was a sea-captain, and his name appears in the History of Dirhy in the list of thg 
who resided "at Up Town, and who sailed to all parts-of-the world." 

■^- He served_a5-ar'major in the Revolutionary Mar, in the course of which he had three horses 
shot under him ; and was distinguished for his patriotism, and zeal in the cause of liberty. He was 
a member of the Order of the Cincinnati, and in his certificate of membership is styled "Captain in 
the 6th Ct. Regiment." At the conclusion of the war he resumed his former avocation, being captain 
and owner, in part, of a vessel engaged in the West India trade. He died of }ellow fever. After hjs 
death his brother John, then town-clerk, made the following entry concerning him: "He died Julv 
2, 1785, on his way to the West Indies and was buried on the Isle of Mardnico, in the 40th year 
of his age." Dr. Dwight, in his "Epistle to Col. Humphreys," 1785, makes this allusion to the 
death of Maj. Elijah 5 Humphreys: 

"Vet thou must mourn a friend, a brother dear, 

And o'er departed merit drop a tear. 

Him sense illumed, the hero's warmth inspired, 

Grace taught to please, and patriot virtue fired; 

* "April 4, 1797. Person:illy appeared before me Mrs Anna Humphrey 
girl named Twinet, aged one year and nine months wanting seven days." 
"Before me, John Humphreys, justice of the peace." 
"Slaves were owned in Derby nommally as late as 1840, they not havi 

their old age."— ///i/. 0/ Derby, pp. 215, zi6. 

field was born in New Haven, Ct., Oct. 1724, and was son 

.tl) that she is possessed of ; 

ceptod their freedo 

maintam thi 
t Dr. 
college in 1741, with the 
Canterbury, Thomas He 
and was pastor of St. J, 

Dr. Mansfield was 
were not easily forced to abandon 
which created a bitter feeling again 
in-law Elijah Humphreys, being an 

being obliged ' 

of De 

rst honors of his class ; s: 
ng, 7th August of that ye 
les' Church at Derby, fror 

han Mansfield. \ 
iled for England in 1748, and was ordained deacon and pi 
ir : officiated at Derby, West Haven, Waterbury and Northficld, from 1748 
1755 to his decease in 1820; his ministerial service covering a period of seventy 

as graduated at Yale 
by the Archbishop of 


loyal is 

% sworn allegiance to the Hritish crowi 
ground. In 1775, he preached a ser 
e soon after fled to Long Island, then 
a war vessel, arrested him in his fligh 

for his conduct and obtained the privilege for h 
statement that this son-in-law secured permissit 
-voted loyalist did not preach against thi 

in his vows of ordination, his mind ; 
ion from the words " Fear God ; honor the king," 
n possession of the British. It is said that his son- 
, but it is more probable that he became a guarantee 
to return, not long after, to his home and his pulpit. There is good authority for the 
for his brother John to take the place of the guard in the church to see that the de- 
Hist. of Derby ^ pp. 61S-624, and 745. 


Alike in peace, in war, at home, abroad, 

Worth gained him honour, where his footsteps trode; : 

Yet all in vain, his laurelled garlands bloom. 

But waste their beauty on th' untimely tomb." 

His wife survived him many years. We add the following obituary notice which appeared in 
the Practical Christian and Church Chronicle, (a religious newspaper published at New Haven) uncler 
date May 28th, 1841 : — 

Died at Derby, on Easter Sunday, the 11 ult. , Mrs. Anna Humphreys, aged 85. Mrs. Hum- 
phrejs was a daughter of Rev. Richard Mansfield, D. D. Through the most of a long life, she 
was a communicant in the Episcopal Church. She was ever distinguished for her zeal and liberality 
for the Church, and for her many benefactions to the poor and needy. Her heart was touched 
with sympathy and commiseration at the trials and sufferings of her fellow-beings, and her hand was 
ever open for their relief She was much respected and beloved by a numerous circle of acquain- 
tances, and her loss is deeply lamented by all who knew her, for all who knew her loved her. 
During her long sickness she manifested a cheerful acquiescence in the will of God. She was at 
times depressed under a sense of her unworthiness, notwithstanding her many good works, but she 
was always cheered and animated as she thought of those unspeakable mercies in Christ Jesus. 
The doctrine of justification by faith alone in the meritorious righteousness, and the atoning blood 
of Christ, was her stronghold and her sweet consoladon. She died in hope and peace, on the 
glorious festival day commemorative of the Saviour's triumph over death and the grave. Her dust 
has a blessed repose in the certainty of its being raised again and animated, at its second birth, 
with immortal life. And her spirit being saved and released from all sin by the precious blood of 
Jesus is now forever happ}' in the joy of Heaven, that is unspeakable and full of glorv. 

There is my rest | Mrs Anna Humphrey | relict of the late | Elijah Humphrey Esqr | buried 
in Martinico W I | daughter of the late Rev Richard Mansfield DD | died April 11 1S41 j aged 85. 
If Primitive faith exemplary piety | and Charity to the Poor could | have prevented she had not died. 

Yet may this m.irble teach this solemn truth 
That virtue only can true bliss impart 
While neither friendship beauty health nor youth 
Can shield the breast from death's insatinte dart. 

— Inscription from Old Episcopal Grave-yard, Derby. 

In memory of Major Eltj.\h Himphrevs 3d son of Rev Daniel | and Mrs Sarah Humphreys 
I who died on his passage to the West Indies [ July 2 1785 | in the 40th year of his age | and was 
burried in the Island of Martinico. 

— Inscription from Ancient Burying-ground at Up Toivn. 
Children : 

336. I. Anna,* b. 14 Sept., 1775; d. 11 Apr., 1854, s. 79; m. Rev. James Thompson, an 

Episcopal clergyman, at Durham, Greene Co., N. Y., 22 Oct., 1798; and died at 

Joliet, 111. Issue: 

337- i- Caroline,' b. 1802; m. John Young, of Durham, N. Y., 27 Apr. 1825; removed to 

Illinois, and died in 1856, at Joliet. Chitdren : (i) James Thompson" (Young), m. 

Caroline Garrison; res. New York City. Cliiliiren : 

(a) Ella' (Young). (c) Jennie' (Young). 

{b) Estelle' (Young). (d) N. Marsh' (Young). 

(2) Mansfield" (Young), m. Sarah Walker, New York City; (3) Caroline Elizabeth' 
(Young), m. Francis L. Cagwin, Joliet; (4) Edward" (Young), m. Annie Hoyt, of 
Greenwich, Conn.; res. Joliet, 111. Cliildren: 

(a) George W.' (Young). (<) John Mansfield' (^'oung). 

(/') Charles G.' (Youna). 

jj8. ii- James Mansfield,' 1>. 13 July, 1803; d. 21 Aug. 1822, at N. V.; was unmarrieci. 

•530. iii. Hezekiah,' b. 22 Aug. 1808; resided at Durham, N. Y.; unmarried. 

340. iv. Sarah Ann," b. 21 Nov. 1814; m. (i) Orrin Peckham, of Albany, N. Y., 1834; ni. (2) 9 

Oct. 1846, Edward Blakeslee (son of Pearl, M.D., and Sarah Mansfield Blakeslee) Crafts, 
of Derby, Ct., b. 13 Jan. 1814. Res. Joliet, 111. Children (by isl marriage): (i) 
George T." (Peckham), b. 1837. (By 2d marriage): (2) Elizabeth M.« (Crafts), b. 25 
July, 1848; (3) Edward Thompson* (Crafts), M. D., b. 29 Dec. 1850; (4) John Youii- " 
(Crafts), b. 8 June, 1852; d. 25 Sept. 1852. 

-.41. V. Betsey Vose,' b. ig Aug. 1816; m. Edward Hand, of Albany, Apr. 1837. C/ii/drtii : 

(I) Kate T." (Hand); res. Albany, N. V.; (2) John T." (Hand); res. New York ('ity. 

3+2. II. Sarah,* b. 22 Dec, 1777; d. 1867,* a.\ 90; married Judge Moses Austin, of Dur- 
ham, N. Y. She died at Derby, Ct. No children. 

:;4^. III. Elijah,'^ b. 12 Oct., 1779; d. 1834, se. 55; m. Maria Eldridge. Family 51. 

544. IV. Betsey,'' b. 10 Oct., 1781; d. 9 Dec, 1864, se. 82, at Derby. She married, in 1803, 
Capt. Thomas Vose, a ship-master of Derby. He is mentioned among those "resid- 
ing at Up To'vn, and who sailed to all parts of the world." After Col. Davids 
Humphreys last visit to England, Capt. Vose engaged with him in the manufacture 
of woolen cloths at Humphieysville, a company being formed under the name of 
T. Vose & Company. A more e.xtended account of this enterprise will be found in 
connection with the history of Gen. Davids Humphreys. [Fam. 28, J.=] He seems 
to have been an influential citizen; is described as "a sort of moral regulator in 
the town." He was at one time president of the Agricultural Society. Concerning 
their residence we add the following, written by Mr. Samuel Sherwood, of Ansonia, 
(Derby) Conn., (whose mother was a daughter of William Mansfield, son of Rev. 
Richard Mansfield, D. D.,) under date of March 16, 1870: "To the generous ben- 
efaction of cousin Betsey Vose are we indebted for the pleasant home we enjoy in 
the old farm-house, built, as near as I can learn, in the year 1720, by the Rev. 
Daniel Humphreys — a century and a half,t the home in which were cradled and 
nurtured three succeeding generations of the Humphreys family, or their descendants. 
The house at the present day is in good repair, its massive oaken frame bearing 
but few traces of the iron hand of Time. The knowledge I have of the Humphreys 
family was mostly obtained from the lips of Mrs. Vose — after having passed the 
number of years allotted to most of the human race, while seated in her arm-chair 
at her favorite window, with form erect as when in youth, a graceful dignity that 
commanded respect, a countenance that told of beauty in other days, combined with 
vivacity, amiability and geniality of temperament, quick wit and keen perception, rarely 
found in one of her years, a retentive memory and fluency of speech, improved by 
the advantages of culture and a life-long mingling with the courteous and refined. 
At such times, when conversation turned upon "the olden time," her countenance 
would brighten (as she turned from the reading or the knitting with which she ahnost 
constandy busied herself) and she would recall, in a most animated manner, the 
events of the earlier part of the present century, when as a 30ung wife and hostess 
of the old homestead, then the resort of her uncle, the General, and other notables 
of the day, she dispensed the large-hearted hospitality which is sdll the theme of 
converse among those living at that time. * * * Mrs. Vose died, as she had 

* She died in 1865, ace. to //ist. ,./ Dnly. 

t Tlie dale 1730 is too early, .as Rev. Daniil Humphreys was horn in 1707, [See Fam, 11, J.] 


PaiiiEedte- H«nng, from Uie Ongti^.TL l)y Siu.ut,.ui Yale O-illeg-e : Ene'fl iw &.Pa)-kiT 

jj.A:yTu ;ri!^!T»((F:cffi:£'ri3, 'iij^^in-. 


lived, a devout Christian, universally esteemed and admired for many uf the noblest 
qualities which adorn a womanly character." Child: 

345. i. Anne Mansfield," d. 17 Jan. 181 1, aged 6 years. 


In memory of | C.iPT Thomas Vose | who dietl | Sept 30 1S45 j aged 73 years. 

In memory of | Anne M.ansfield Vose | daughter of | Caj't Thomas and Mrs 
Betsey Vose | who died Jan 17th 181 1 | ae 6 years. 

Resigned by her parents | in full confidence [ of the blessed words of our 5.ivior th.^t | of such is the | kingdom 
of Heaven. 

Betsey | wife of | Capt Thomas Vose | Died Dec 9 1864 | as 82. 

346. V. D.wiD,* b. 26 Feb., 1784; d. 1809, aj. 25; grad. at Yale College; ilied soon after, 



347. General David ^ Humphreys, I- L. D. ; F. R. S., [149] (Rev. Daniel,'- Dai. John.' Sag/, 
fohn,^ Michael,^) was born lO July, 1752, in Derby, Ct. When a boy he was passionately fond of books, 
and after having passed through the preparatory course under the tuition of his father, he entered 
Yale college at the early age of fifteen, where he was graduated with distinguished honors in 1771. 
"Either owing to the e.xciting causes, which eventually terminated in the establishment of American 
independence, or to a singular combination of youthful intellectual powers, the brief time of the 
presidency of Dr. Daggett seems to present the most brilliant display of eminent names that is 
furnished by the catalogue of Yale college. Young Humphreys was among the pupils of that 
presidency. Trumbull, Dwight, and Humphre3'S, contemporaries as academicians, and soon after. 
Barlow, while they maintained honorable rank as scholars, brought the charms of poetry from their 
studies, to grace the progress of freedom, and strew flowers on the pathway of liberty. Excitements 
that influenced teachers, who considered even clerical immunities and obligations as forming no 
just exemption from active personal service in opposition to tyranny and oppression, operated with 
wonderful effect on the minds of pupils. A love of letters became united with a love of country ; 
scholarship and patriotism formed an alliance, and literature in all its branches lent its aid to the 
cause of freedom. The young bards of the college raised their animating strains ; and with the 
caustic satire of Trumbull, the noble songs of Dwight, and the elaborate efforts of Barlow, were 
mingled the patriotic effusions of Hi'siphreys. " f 

After the completion of his collegiate studies, he resided for a short time, probably as an 
instructor, in the family of Colonel Phillips, of Phillips Manor, Westchester county. New York, one 
of the most distinguished and courtly families of that period. At the commencement of the Rev- 
olution, being then resident at New Haven, he entered the army as captain, and was speedily 
promoted to the rank of major in General Putnam's brigade. He was soon after appointed aid-de- 
camp to General Putnam, which was a high compliment to the young soldier, a's that confidential 
situation was considered a very important one, both in field and cabinet service. In this capacity, 
he was with the army, in the memorable retreat from New York, after the Battle of Long Island, 
Aug. 27, 1776 — and the affair at Harlem Heights. In his Life of General Putnam, he gives a 
graphic account of the events in which he was an actor. After speaking of Gen. Putnam as being, 
with a portion of his command, in the city. Col. Humphreys continues, as follows: "After having 
caused the brigades to begin their retreat by the route of Bloomingdale, in order to avoid the enemy, 

• Two places of death are given : Derby and New Orleans. The last-named is ace. to Mrs. Pease [Fam. 49, J.], and Hist. 0/ Derby. 
\ \.\ his poem on the Future Glory 0/ tlu- L'liJU-il Sliites 0/ America, Col Humphreys .addresses these three friends. 


M'ho were then in possession of the main road leading to Kingsbridge, he galloped to call off the 
pickets and guards. Having mj-self been a volunteer in his division, and acting adjutant to the 
last regiment that left the city, I had frequent opportunities, that day, of beholding him, for the 
purpose of issuing orders, and encouraging the troops, flying, on his horse, covered with foam, 
wherever his presence was most necessar}'. Without his extraordinary exertions, the guards must 
have been inevitably lost, and it is probable the entire corps would have been cut in pieces. When 
we were not far from Bloomingdale, an aid-de-camp came from him at full speed, to inform that a 
column of British infantry was descending upon our right. Our rear was soon fired upon, and the 
colonel of our regiment, whose order ^as just communicated fur the front to file off to the left, Mas 
killed on the spot. With no other loss we joined the army, after dark, on the heights of Harlem. 

Before our brigades came in, we were given up for lost b}' all our friends. So critical indeed 

was our situation, and so narrow the gap by which we escaped, that the instant we had passed, the 
enemy closed it by extending their line from river to ri\er. Our men, who had been fifteen hours 
under arms, harassed by marching and counter-marching, in consequence of incessant alarms, ex- 
hausted as they were by heat and thirst, (for the day proved insupportably hot, and few or none 
had canteens, insomuch, that some died at the works where they drank,) if attacked, could have 
made but feeble resistance. * * * 

That night our soldiers, excessively fatigued by the sultry march of the da}', their clothes wet 
by a severe shower of rain that succeeded towards the evening, their blood chilled by the cold wind 
that produced a sudden change in the temperature of the air, and their hearts sunk within them by 
the loss of baggage, artillery, and works in which they had been taught to put great confidence, lay 
upon their arms, covered only by the clouds of an uncomfortable sk)'. * * * Next morn- 
ing several parties of the enemy appeared upon the plains in our front. On receiving this intelligence. 
General Washington rode quickly to the outposts, for the purpose of preparing against an attack, if 
the enemy should advance with that design. Lieutenant-colonel Knowlton's rangers, a fine selection 
from the eastern regiments, who had been skirmishing with an advanced party, came in, and in- 
formed the general that a body of British were under co\er nf a small eminence at no considerable 
distance. His excellency, willing to raise our men from their dejection by the splendor of some 
little success, ordered Lieutenant-colonel Knuwlton, Mith his rangers, and Major Leitch, with three 
companies of Weedon's regiment of Virginians, to gain their rear ; while appearances should be 
made of an attack in front. As soon as the enemy saw the party sent to decoy them, they ran 
precipitately down the hill, took possession of some fences and bushes, and commenced a brisk 
firing at long shot. Unfortunately, Knowlton and Leitch made their onset rather in flank than in 
rear. The enemy changed their front, and the skirmish at once became close and warm. Major 
Leitch having received three balls through his side, was soon borne from the field ; and Colonel 
Knowlton, who had distinguished himself so gallantly at the battle of Bunkerhill, was mortally 
wounded immediately after. Their men, however, undaunted by these disasters, stimulated with the 
thirst of revenge for the loss of their leaders, and conscious of acting under the eye of the com- 
mander-in-chief, maintained the conflict with uncommon .spirit and perseverance. But the general, 
seeing them in need of support, advancetl part of the Maryland regiments of Griffith and Richard- 
son, together with some detachments from such eastern corps as chanced to be most contiguous to 
the place of action. Our troops this day, without exception, behaved with the greatest intrepidity. 
So bravely did thev repulse the British, that Sir. William Howe moved his i-eserve, with two field- 
pieces, a battalion of Hessian grenadiers, and a company of chasseurs, to succor his retreating troops. 
General Washington not willing to draw on a general action, declined pressing the pursuit. In this 
engagement were the second antl third battalions of light infantry, the forty-second British regiment, 
and the (icrman Chasseurs, of whom eight officers, and upward of seventy privates were wounded, 
and our penple buried nearly twenty, who were left dead on the field. We had about forty 
wounded; our loss in killed, except of two valuable ofticers, was very inconsiderable. An advantage 


so trivial in itself produced, in event, a surprising and almost incredible effect upon the whole army. 
Amongst the troops not engaged, who, during the action, were throwing earth from the new trenches, 
w-ith an alacrity that indicated a determination to defend them, e\er)' visage was seen to brighten, 
and to assume, instead of the gloom of despair, the glow c>f animation. This change, no less 
sudden than happy, left little room to doubt that the men, who ran the day before at the sight of 
an enemy, would now, to wipe away the stain of that disgrace, and to recover the confidence of 
their general, have conducted themselves in a \ery different manner. '' 

Major Humphreys was Brigade-Major of the first Connecticut brigade in the Hudson High- 
lands, in the autumn of 1777, when the British captured Forts Clinton and Montgomery.* 
He was also aid for a time to General Greene. Early in 1780, he received the appointment 
of aid and secretary to General Washington, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel,! and soon after 
joined the General's family, remaining with him in that capacity until the close of the war, 'en- 
joying his full confidence and friendship, and sharing in the toils of his arduous duties." He thus 
alludes to his association with these disdnguished men in his poem on the Happiness of 
America X : — 

" I too, perhaps, slioukl hcav'n prolong my date, 
The oft-repeated tale shall oft relate; 
Shall tell the feelings in the first alarms. 
Of some bold enterprise th' unequalled charms; 
Shall tell from whom 1 learnt the martial art. 
With what high chiefs I play'd my early part; 
With Parsons first, whose eye, with piercing ken. 
Reads through their hearts the characters of men; 
Then how I aided, in the foll'wing scene. 
Death-daring Putnam— then immortal Greene- 
Then how great Washington my youth approv'd, 
In rank preferr'd, and as a parent lov'd, 
(For each fine feeling in his bosom blends. 
The first of heroes, sages, patriots, friends) 
With him what hours on warlike plains I spent, 
Beneath the shadow of th' imperial tent; 
With him how oft I went the nightly round. 
Through moving hosts, or slept on tented ground; 
From him how oft (nor far below the first 
In high behests and confidential trust) 
From him how oft I bore the dread commands, 
Which destin'd for the fight the eager bands: 
With Tiim how oft I pass'd th' eventful day, 
Rode by his side, as down the long array 
His awful voice the columns taught to form. 
To point the thunder, and to pour the storm." 

"On the staff of General Washington he proved himself an efficient and worthy officer, and 
especially at the siege of Yorktown, where he held a separate command. M'hen Lord Cornwallis 
surrendered, with his army, to the American forces (October 19th, 1781,) Colonel Humphrej's had 
the distinguished honor of receiving the English colors, and, as a mark of approbation, bearing 
them from the Commander-in-Chief to Congress, with copies of the returns of prisoners, arms, ord- 
nance, and twenty-five stands of colors surrendered, with a letter from Washington warniiv 

* I.ossing. , Fr't'/if Book of tJw Kcfolution, i. 735 . says Maj. ''Humphreys, who was alone at headquarters when the firing began, 
urged Col. Wyllys, the senior officer in camp, to send all the men not on duty to F.irt Washington ": which, however, though done, was 
of no service in averting the disaster. See, also, foot-note to p. 322 of }Iumphreys' MisccUam-oits Il'orks. 

t In a foot-note to Life of General Putnam, Miscellaneous Wcn-ks, p. 248, is the copy of a letter of instructions irom Gen. Washing- 
ton "To Lieutenant-Colonel David Humphreys, A. D. Camp." The letter is dated November 22d, 1780. 

t Copied Irom his Miscellaneous Works, pub. 1804 : p. 34. National Portrait Gallery 0/ Distin£uiskcd A/ueriiitus 


(Frovi a p.iintivg in the rrumlmU Gallery, Neiv Haven, Ct.*) 

commending the bearer to the consideration of the government. "f Nov. 7th. 1781, it was "Re- 
solved, that an elegant sword be presented, in the name of the United States in Congress assembled, 
to Colonel Humphreys, Aid-de-Camp to General Washington, to whose care the standards, taken 
— mrdef'the capitulation of York, were committed, as a testimon)' of their opinion of his fidelity and 
ability; and that the Board of War take order therein." In the )ear 1786, this resolution was 
carried into effect, and the sword presented by General Kno.x, then secretary of war, accompanied 
by a highly complimentary letter. 

In November, 1782, he was commissioned as lieutenant-colonel, with an order that the com- 
mission should bear date from the 23d June, 1780, when he was appointed aid-de-camp to Gen. 
Washington. The commission was signed by Elias Boudinot, President of Congress, and counter- 
signed by B. Lincoln, Secretary of \\'ar. 

While in active service, he had given the sanction of his name and influence to the 
establishment of a company of colored infantry, which was attached to Meigs', afterwards Butlers' 
regiment, in the Connecticut line, and of which he continued to be nominal captain until the close 
of the war. Jethro Martin, a colored servant of Col. Humphreys, received a pension for many 
years on account of his military services. 

In Ma}-, 17S2, we find the names of D. Humphreys, A.D.C., and Jonathan Trumbull, Jun., 
Secretary, officially endorsed upon a copy of Gen. Washington's reply to the letter of Col. Nicola, 
proposing the establishment of a Kingdom, and suggesting the title of King to the illustrious 
commander in chief 

■ Col. Humphrey? 

I Spain, by a Spanish artist, ///rf. of Derby, p. 

The preliminaries of peace between the United States and Great Britain having been settled 
in Xuvember, 1782, the operations of the army were soon after suspended; although the com- 
mander-in-chief remained with the northern division, until he resigned his commission at Annapolis, 
in December, 1783, being attended on that interesting occasion by dA. Humphre\s, who, at his 
special request, accompanied him to Mount Vernon.* His friend Barluw seems to allude tu this 
event in his "Vision of Columbus"; — 

"While Freedom's cause his palriot bosom warms. 

In lore of nations skilled, and brave in arms. 

See HiMPHREVS glorious from the field retire. 

Sheathe the glad sword, and string the sounding lyre — 

Thai lyre, which erst, in hours of dark despair. 

Roused the sad realms to urge th' unfinished war: 

O'er fallen friends, with all the strength of woe, 

His heartfelt sighs in moving numbers flow. 

His country's wrongs, her duties, dangers, praise. 

Fire his full soul, and animate his lays. 

Immortal Washington with joy shall own 

So fond a favorite, and so great a son. ' 

In 1780, Col. Humphreys wrote thr^e interesting letters to Maj.-Gen. Nathaniel Greene, in 
one of which he makes allusion to the poem from which the above extract is given : — 

New Haven 10'" April 17S0. 
Dear Sir 

The ill-state of health which has prevented our old friend the General (with whom I had the honor of serv- 
mg) from returning to Camp; has likewise subjected me, to a state of inaclivily and riislicalion for several months 
past; this, I should have little reason to regret from the manner in which I have spent the time, during the inactive 
season of the year: but the idea of its being protracted into the active parts of the Campaign, might l)e rather irk- 
some & disagreeable. However I shall not make myself, or friends anxious about my situation, for if my Country 
should have no farther occasion for my services, I shall be perfectly willing to retire, if otherwise I make no doubt 
of being permitted to serve it, in such a manner as will be most conducive to the public good; which is the utmo^t 
limit of my ambition. 

In the interim, whilst I am amusing myself with subjects of Literature & Belle Lettres; I have presumed, 
upon the knowledge of your fondness for Letters, to trouble you with a small specimen of my attempts in Poetry 
— The Elegy on the burning of F"airfield, [See p. 131.] which is herewith transmitted was suggested, (not inspired 
according to poetic custom) by a view of the ruins of that once beautiful Town; and was written to indulge, a pleas- 
ing kind of melancholly, and while away a vacant hour the other morning — Should it afford you a moments 
amusement, it will be an additional gratification— And indeed, since I have proceeded so far in confiding my weak- 
nesses; I may as well go on to acknowledge, some other of my poetical sins, & in the true style ot a Tenitent 
confess, that being instigated by the Devil & a certain Jere Wadsworth, I have some time since writteji & consented to 
publish a Peice in verse, Addressed to the Army, on the Subject of the present war, the prospects before us, and the 
future felicity, grandeur, population & glory of the Country for which we are now contending— When the afores'd 
Poem makes its appearance, a Copy of it will not fail of waiting upon you with the writers sincerest respects; unless 
you should have a surfeit of the enclosure; which bcmg duly notifyed, will preclude any future efforts of presumption 
i!i: vanity from the same quarter. 

Now what could induce me to turn Scribbler, whether my own Sins, or those of my Parents (as Pope says) 
must be left to farther discussion; tho I rather imagine the mischief, like a thousand others, will be found, to have 
originated, in a great measure, from keeping ill Company; such as the lieforementioned Col" Wadsworth, a certain 
M' Trumbull, a M' Dwight, a Docf Styles, & some other similar Characters, of smaller notoriety — These men are 
enough to corrupt half the youth of the State, and introduce them to the same evil practices— For instance, there 
is a hopeful Genius, of their fostering and cultivation in this Town, who is so far gone in Poetry, that there is no 
hope of reclaiming, & making him attentive to any thmg else— to be more serious about the matter— The person in- 
tended, is a young Gentleman by the name of Barlow; who I could wish was introduced to your notice— He is 
certainly a very great Genius, and has undertaken a work, which I am persuaded, will do honor to himself, and his 

* The medal voted by Congress to General Washington, in consequence of the e\acuation of Boston by the British army, as »ell 
.IS that to General Gates, for the Convention of Saratoga, and that to General Greene, for the battle of Euta» -Springs, were executed 
by the first artists at Pans, under the direction of Col Humphreys. 


Country, if he is enabled lo prosecute it, in the manner he has proposed — It is entitled the \'i5ion of Columbus, 
and in the course of the Poem will bring into view, upon a large scale, all the great events that have, or will 
take place on the Continent: from a sight of tlie first Book which he has nearly finished, I have conceived an 
exceeding high idea of the .performance — But the difficulty is, it will be a labour of three years at least; and his 
patrimony which consisted in Contmental Bills, is by no means sufficient to support him — However a number of 
Gentlemen have undertaken to patronize him, and I hope will not relinquish the plan on account of the expence 
— Should they, he proposes to set out for the Southward & see what encouragement he can obtain there. 

My friend Trumbull is in Town & informs me, he has had the pleasure of receiving a Letter from you; to 
which he wrote an answer by an Officer, who has not yet gone to Camp; and therefore he presumes it will reach 
you, in a very depreciated state, which depreciation, he engages to make good, provided it is not more than forty 
for one — I shall spend next week with him at Westbury, & will put him often in mind of his promise— I have just 
Recti a Line from Maj' Putnam, who acquaints me, that the General is better & proposes making a visit to Camp 

in May — 

I am withe great respect & esteem your most 
Obed' & very Hble Servant 

David IIumphrvs. 
[Addressed] To Major General Gr(-ene — Head Quarters. 

Hartford May 23'' 1780 
I will not undertake to describe to you. My Dear Sir, the pleasing and even exquisite Sensations which your 
most obliging Letter of the 29"' Ult" occasioned — It would indeed be an effort of more magnanimity than I am 
possessed of, and a sacrifice of more value than I can possibly afford, to suppress all the agreeable feelings which 
are excited by the approbation (I should say) the too favourable opinion, and partial commendation, of such a 
character as General Greene. That this is fully sufficient to make any mortal under my circumstances insufferably 
vain for his whole life must also be confessed, cS: shall be my only apology in future— For I can never induce my- 
self to believe, that the man who writes so exceedingly well himself, can have but an indifferent taste, and be an 
ill judge of the writings of others; and I confess I am very far from imagining that a person of so much candor 
and liberality would wish to abuse one, at such a remove from him in every point of view, by making him believe 
he was much better esteemed and regarded, than he is in reality — 

However diffident I may formerly have been of my own productions, I assure you I find myself in danger 
after all that has been said, of having my vanity get the ascendency over my judgment, for I am now taking the 
liberty you was pleased to give me of exposing myself still farther, by presenting you with a Copy of the Address 
to the Army which I mentioned in my last: All that I could presume to say in its favour, you will find recorded 
(as the Parsons say by way of introduction) in the Advertisement prefixed to the Poem. So far as an hcne;t in- 
tention, and a zeal for my country can be urged an excuse for indifferent Poetry, I am determined to claim the 
indulgence of the Public in general, and the patronage of my friends in particular — But pray dont you think I 
have been guilty of an instance of impertinence, if nothing worse, by addressing a Copy of it to his Excel- 
lency the Commander in Chief without his permission or knowledge ? I cannot but feel myself under very great 
obligations to you, for the generous Concern you are pleased to take in Mr. Barlow's affairs — There is one way in 
which I think he might be Serv'd effectually, and that in a manner reputable to himself & beneficial to the Public. 
I mean by having him appointed a Chaplain to some vacant Brigade: for tho he is not in orders at present, he 
would I am well assured, from his character and some other circumstances, qvialify himself for the office immediately, 
accept the appointment with chearfulness, perform the duty with dignity, and have leisure enough to prosecute his 
favourite pursuits. — The Rhode Island & 4'" Massachusetts Brigades I am informed are vacant. — 

We are this moment made happy by the arrival of the News from your quarter that a french fleet will be on 
the Coast in a few days; this, with many other things will induce me probably, to accept of the kind offer of coming 
into your family, in the manner you propose; for which and every other instance of your friendship, you will ever 
receive my most grateful acknowledgements— I am this day setting out to pay a visit to my venerable and honest 
friend General Putnam— Shall stay but a short time with him, as I wish fo be present at more active and important 
scenes, tho' I know it will be with reluctance that we shall part with each other — 

I am with great respect & esteem 

Your most oblig'd S: Hble seiv't 
G'N Greene D HuMrHRVS 

[Addressed] Major General Greene Q m'G 
Head Quarters 


New Haven May 30"' 17S0 

Dear Sir 

I beg pardon for troubling you with another Letter upon the back of my la^t; and scarcely know of 
any better excuse for it, than the invincible propensity I have to write to, and about the objects of which I am think- 
ing, continually: did not your candor & liberality of sentiment and behaviour inspire me with almost unbounded 
confidence in your friendship, I should not have written with the same freedom I have already done. — And indeed I 
can hardly tell, what it is except this, which now prompts me to unbosom myself with so little reserve. I wish 
however it may not rather be considered as an argument of my presumption than a profT of my attachment & 
sincere afi'ection. 

The present moment, which is certainly big with great events; appears to me to Ije the most important .s well 
as the most critical one, that has ever happened since the commencement of the war. — On the one hand, every pros- 
pect from abroad looks exceedingly favourable. — And everything, except what depends on ourselves, & our own 
exertions, wears the most flattering as^iect — On the other the ill state of our finances, the total want of credit, the im- 
practicability of calling forth the resources of the Country in the ordinary mode, the stupidity & negligence of the 
people at large to their own interest, the knavery of some, and the want of ability in others, who are concerned 
in the administration of public affairs, and especially the unbounded, uncontroulable spirit of dissipation, licentiousness, 
& avarice, which predominates thro every rank and order of men, so far as they have any opportunity for its 
gratification; afford the most gloomy pro&ge of what the event would be, if Providence should only leave us to 
ourselves or (as they commonly say) to our own destruction. — In the midst of this embarras'd & distressing state of 
affairs, when we can neither assemble any conside- force; or support and keep together the shattered remains of the 
Army now in the field, for want of supplies, while the disposition of the Country is so unfavourable to every ex- 
ertion: it seems to me that the certain prospect, of the immediate arrival of a formidable land and naval armament 
to co-operate with us, can serve only to augment and increase the perplexity and embarrasment — 

Heaven be thanked I am not a General, and never shall be, for my own sake! — for that of the Public 'tis 
most auspicious that they who have the management of our military affairs, have more ability, fortitude, perseverance 
and integrity than ever mortals had before. — Vou will pardon me for the boldness of the assertion, and allow this to 
be the case, with our glorious Commander m Chief, tho you may have more diffidence, and less justice, than posterity 
will inevitably have, in coupling your name with his — Gcx)d God ! what must the feelings of that great & good man 
be, to find himself so ill seconded by his Country at such a crisis ! 

As to the plan of operations for the Campaign, I suppose it is determin'd upon before this time, and that 
it will be difficult, if not disgraceful to recede from the measures concerted in conjunction with our allies — so that 
I presume all that is now necessary, is for the Country to be roused from its lethargy, to make those great efforts, 
of which we all believe it is capable — for my own part, to assist in effecting so important a purpose, I could wish 
to be invested with power, not inferior to be sure, to that which Milton bestows upon his Devils, to tear up 
Mountains by the roots, or wield some of these elements; at least I should want, for a little while, to be possessed 
of a voice of thunder, so that I might stand some chance to awaken those, who I fear nothing will except the 
last Trumpet — 

Apropos of the last Trumpet — You have undoubtedly heard of the dark day with us. the speculations on it 
were curious, and would, I dare say, be amusing to you, but time would fail me to innumerate them — Many who 
apprehended the last day was at hand, began to think of repenting, Others turn'd out as Volunteers to preach, 
and pray, and prophesy, and help their neighhours out at a dead lift — It is said the Assembly broke up not with- 
out some precipitation & indications of terror, that they might be sent for before they were quite ready, or had got 
their business in such forwardness, as that they could possibly leave it— Amongst the rest, there was a certain fat 
old Gentleman, known by the name of Col" Deavenport, who having wrapped himself up in his corpulency and in- 
tegrity, behaved with very great composure & firmness: observing, " that it was best for the Sheriff to order Candles, 
that they might go on with their business, that if they should be called for, they might be found in the way of their 
duty " — But I imagine the greater part of the Multitude, begun to think, that the Prince of the Regions of darkness, 
who is sometimes styled, the Prince of the Power of the air, was about uniting both his kingdoms into one, in the 
same manner as England & Scotland were formerly incorporated — And altho they had been his most faithful ad- 
herents (& humble Servants, (as it was well known, that like other Monarchs, he was rather apt to be ungrateful to his 
best friends & benefactors) they were not «-ithout fear that it might be a dark day with them in more senses than 
one, 'tho they could not be under any apprehensions of being treated as Rebels, as being conscious they never had 
forfeitted their allegiance & fidelity to his infernal Majesty — 

I have just return'd from my visit to General Putnam, & left him in good spirits, & very cleverly in every 
respect, but his lameness — I have a letter from him, to you, which I hope to have the honor of delivering with my 
own hands, soon after the arrival of this — 

1 am Dear Sir 

Your most Obed' Hble SerV 



We here add some correspondence of Col. David Humphreys with Col. Smith in relation to 
prisoners of war, 1783. See fac-siiuile opposite. 

Head Quarters Jan> 23 

Dear Smith — 

I have reC* yours of the 20"' & laid the subject of it before the 'General; who is clearly of opinion 
as Congress have left no latitude for partiall exchanges in their Act of the 16"' of Oct', it is not in his power to 
give any discretionary Orders; and it would I am persuaded be disagreeable to virge the matter — Previous, however, 
to that Act; it is recollected application had been made by Gen' Knox for the exchange of an Officer (I think it 
was L' Sutherland) to which the General's assent was given. Should Mr. Sutherland appear to be the Gentleman 
alluded to, the exchange may be considered as having been carried into execution at the before mentioned time, & 
an Officer of Ours liberated in consequence — As to the hardships experienced by other Individuals in consequence 
of a long Captivity; — all we can do is to feel for them, — it rests with their own Party to liberate them, by enter- 
ing into a general Cartel — 

Mrs. Washington requests me to thank you in her name for the Almanac — We all remember you as we 
ought, particularly 

Your friend 
P. S. ^ D. Humphreys 

Official Accounts of the Evacuation of Charles Town have Aid de Camp 

arrived at Philadelphia by Major Barnet — previous to which 
Gen' Greene had effected an universal exchange of Prison- 
ers in that Quarter. 
[Endorsed] From Head Quarters 23'' Jan>', 1783. 

Head Qitarters Feby lo"" 1783 
Dear Sir 

I take the liberty of enclosing a Letter from General Schuyler respecting a young Gentleman who is 
supposed to be a Prisoner in New- York — 'tho it is not in your pr[ovince? — manuscript torn] yet if you would take 
the trouble of making some enquiry, & (if the person in question should be found) of using your influence to have 
him liberated or sent out on Parole; in addition to its being an act of humanity, it would confer a great obhgation 
on all concerned; — at any rate I will thank you for a line on the subject after your return from N York — 

I am Dear Sir yours 
Col Smith. D Humphrys 

[Addressed] Lieut. Col. Smith [Endorsed] Head Quarters 

Commanding at lO"" Feb>', 1783. 

Dobbs' Ferry. 

Letter from Col. Smith, Dobbs Ferry, to Col. David Humphreys. 

Dobbs ferry 27"> Feb? 1783 
D' HumP"> 

M'. Robert Tucker late Surgeon of Fannings Corps, waited upon me last night with your note of the 
25"' ins'. I took his parole, confining him to the County of west Chester, agreable to the tenor of your note & this 
morning ordered him over the river — he informed me he was taken by the Skinners from his bed — that he had some 
time past retired from public Service — settled in west Chester & followed his business as a peaceable Inhabitant— under 
these Circumstances he does not appear to me a Subject of Capture and that he ought to be released from his parole 
— I wish to hear from you on the subject — I am — 

D'. Sir 
C. N. Humphries * Your most obd'. &c 

w. s. s. 

* A mistake appears to have been made as to tlie initials of Col David Humplireys. 






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II FAD Quarters March 3'' 1783 
Dear Sir 

In sending Docf. Tucker to be paroled in West Chester, it was not intended to have him considered as 
a mihtary Prisoner — As he was taken in his bed, it was designed only to get rid of him & put him in a tolerably 
eligible situation — do with him as you please — 

I send you some Sealing Wax of an extram-dinary quality — it is all we can af?ord for such large Seals: 
especially after you have raised such an hue & Cry about Peace by the Enormity of the Size & Seal of you- 
last Dispatches — God bless you & Yours 

CqJ Smith— D H 

[Addressed] Colonel Smith [Endorsed] Head Quarters 31' March 

Dobbs Ferry— 1783— fr: D. H.— 

respecting Tucker.* 

In May, 1784, Colonel Humphreys was elected hy Congress, secretary to the "commission 
for negotiating treaties of conimerce with foreign powers," the commissioners being John Adams, 
then minister in Holland,~~Benjamin Franklin, then minister in France, and Thomas Jefferson, whom 
he accompanied, in July of the same year, to Europe. Several eminent men were the companions 
of his voyage, among whom was his friend General Kosciusko, mentioned in his poetical ' ' Epistle 
to Dr. Dwight," written on board the Courier de l' Europe. 

Col. Humphreys bore to Minister Franklin a letter of introduction from Gen. Washington, 
which is as characteristic of the writer as it was honorable to its subject. No stronger endorsement 
of his valued aid-de-camp's personal qualities could have been given, than in these few, terse and 
graceful lines penned by the revered chief who knew him so intimately, and whom, he, in turn re- 
garded with an almost filial affection. This most interesting letter, of which we present a facsimile 
opposite, is in the possession of Mrs. N. B. Rossell, of Trenton, N. J. 

Mont Vernon 2<i June 1784. 
Dear Sir; 

Congress having been pleased to appoint Col" Huniphrys Secretary to the Commissioners, for form- 
ing Commercial Treaties in Europe, I take the liberty of introducing him to you. — 

This Gentleman was several years in my family as an Aid de Camp. — His zeal in the cause of his Country, 
his good sense, prudence, and attachment to me, rendered him dear to me; and I persuade myself you will find 
no confidence w"'' you may think proper to repose in him, misplaced. — He possesses an excellent heart, good 
natural & acquired abilities, and sterling integrity. — To which may be added sobriety, & an obliging disposition. 
A full conviction of his possessing all these good qualities, makes me less scrupulous of recommending him 
to your patronage and friendship. — He will repeat to you the assurances of perfect esteem, regard, & consider- 
ation, with which I have the honor to be 

Dear Sir, 

Yr most obedi & very H'''"' Ser 
The Hon'''« G". Washington. 

Docf. Frankhn. 

Soon after the expiration of the term of the commission, which was of two years' duration, 
he returned to America, and at once visited General Washington at Mount Vernon. 

In the autumn of 1786, at the time of the "Shay's Rebellion," he was elected a member 
of the Assembly from Derby, in the Connecticut Legislature, and appointed by that body to the 
command of the 3d United States Infantry, October 20th of that year. This regiment was raised in 
compliance "with a requisition of Congress, on account of an Indian war," the real object of the 
requisition being di.sguised from motives of policy. On receiving his commission, Col. Humphreys 
fixed upon Hartford as his head-quarters, where he had the pleasure of renewing his intimacy with 
John Trumbull and Joel Barlow. With these two friends and Dr. Lemuel Hopkins he was soon 
engaged in writing the Anarchiad,-\ from this association being one of the "four bards with Scripture 

* For other letters of Col. DavM Humphreys see Stiles' Hist. 0/ Ancient Windsor, p. 415; and Dawson's Hist. Magazine, 1873 
^October), pp. 244-5. 

t A satirical political poem, in twenty-four numbers. 


names" satirized in London. The insurrection being suppressed early in the following year, his 
lime of service was short and his actual duties few and bloodless. On the reduction of his regi- 
ment, April 2 1 St, 1787, he was again invited to the hearth of Washington. 

In the fall of 1789, he was appointed by Congress a commissioner to treat with the Creek 
Indians on the frontiers of the southern states, his associates being Hon. Cyrus Griffin and Gen. 
Benjamin Lincoln.* ' "" 

In 1 79 1, he was commissioned the first minister from the United States of America to Port- 
ugal, f and continued a resident there for several years as a diplomatic representative of his cpuntry, 
being eminently qualified to fill that position. He succeeded in concluding treaties with Algiers 
and Tripoli, after his return J from a visit to the United States, which was made in order to render 
full personal representations on the subject of Barbary aggressions.** These treaties were formed for 
the purpose of obtaining the liberation of many American citizens held in captivity, and of securing 
our commerce from further spoliations. In 1797, he was transferred to the court of Madrid, ff where 
he continued until 1802, when he returned to his nadve land. 

The following extract from the "Farewell" of the Abbe O' Moore, written Jan. i, 1802, 
gives the opinion of a foreigner as to his moral worth : 

"Humphreys has strength of character to bear. 

Unmoved, all fortunes in a lofty sphere; 

Beneath his feet repulsive pride to throw. 

And stoop with dignity to those below. 

But if his country bids, in 'arduous hour, 

He, bold, asserts his ministerial power; 

And mildly stubborn, ev'n before a throne. 

Supports his nation's honour and his own." 

He married in Lisbon, in 1797, Ann Frances Bulkeley, daughter of John Bulkeley, an 
English banker residing in that city.JJ Her annual income is said {Hisl. Derby, p. 598^ to have 
been ;^30,ooo. She is described as "a lady of refinement, and of a fine, motheriy disposition." 
They had no children. Their places of residence were Boston, New Haven and Derby, Col. Hum- 
phreys being frequently called to his native town by business engagements.*** 

In a letter dated "Philadelphia, 12th June, 1796," President Washington thus addresses him:— 

"Whenever you shall think, with the poet or philosopher, 'that the post of honour is a private station,' and 

may be disposed to enjoy yourself in my shades— I do not mean the shades below, where, if you put it off long, 

1 may be reclining, 1 can only repeat, that you will meet with the same cordial reception at Mount Vernon that 

you have always found at that place; and that I am, and always shall be, 

Your sincere friend. 

And afiectionate servant, 

G Ko. \V A s r n NG'i'ON . " 

Under date, "Mount Vernon, 26th June, 1797," he again writes: — 
"I am clearly in sentiment with you, that every man who is in the vigour of lite, ought to serve his country 
n whatsoever line it requires, and he is ht for; it was not my intention, therefore, to persuade you to witlKlra\\ 

* Mass. Hist- Coll., 2d series, Vol. lii., p. 249. 

1 The commission to David Humphreys, as Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of Her .Most Faithful Majesty, wa 
Washington and Thos, JefTerson, Feb. 21st, 1791. 

+ Passport from the Spanish government was dated January, 1794. 

** A letter from Gen. Washington to David Humphreys, commending him, &c., to allvofTicials, 
March, 1795 : signed G. Washington, and Ed. Randolph, Sec'ry of State. 

tt The commission of General Washington and Senate, constituting Colonel Humphreys Minister Plenipotentiary to the Courtof:_ 
His Most Catholic Majesty of Spain, was dated May 20, 1796: signed G. Washington, Timo. Pickerhig. 

n Thos. Buckley, ace. to Mrs. Sheldon Pease (Fam. 49, J.]: but in the list of subscribers to Col. Humphreys' Misrclla 
we find "John Bulkeley, Esq., Lisbon, 12 copies." She was "the daughter of John Bulkley, an English merchant at Lisbon, of great 
wealth," ace. to Allen's Biog. Dictimary. After the death of Gen. Humphreys "she married Count Walwiski of Bonaparte's army, and 
died in Pans, 1832." 

•*» A letter of introduction signed by Jonathan Trumbull, Governor of Connecticut, 23 June, 1806, mentions David Humphreys & 
Lady & Servant.— Commends him to the kind offices of all. 


your services, whilst inclination and the calls of your country demanded your services; but the desire of a com- 
panion, in my latter days, in whom I could confide, might have induced me to express myself too strongly on the 
occasion. The change, however, which I presume has ere this taken place in your domestic concerns, would of itself 
have annihilated every hope of having you as an inmate, if the circumstance had been known at the time. 

"On this event, which I persuade myself will be fortunate and happy for you, I offer my congratulations 
with all the sincerity and warmth you can desire; and if ever you should bring Mrs. Humphreys to the United 
States, no roof will afford her and you a more welcome reception than this, while we are the inhabitants of it."* 

While a resident of Lisbon, Colonel Humphreys' attention had been turned to the importance 
of a more general introduction of manufactures into the United States. He thus gives utterance to 
his views : 

" First let the loom each liberal thought engage. 

Its labours growing with the growing age; 

Then true utility with taste allied. 

Shall make our homespun garbs our nation's pride. 

See wool, the boast of Britain's proudest hour, 

Is still the basis of her wealth and power ! 

From her the nations wait their wintry robe, 

Round half this idle, poor, dependent globe. 

Shall we, who foiled her sons in fields of fame, 

In peace add noblest triumphs to her name ? 

Shall we, who dared assert the rights of man. 

Become the vassals of her wiser plan ? 

Then, roused from lethargies — up ! men ! increase, 

In every vale, on every hill, the fleece ! ' 

And see the fold, with thousands teeming, fills 

With flocks the bleating vales and echoing hills. 

Ye harmless people ! man your young will tend. 

While ye for him your coats superfluous lend. 

Him nature formed with curious pride, while bare, 1 

To fence with finery from the piercing air: 

This fleece shall draw its azure from the sky. 

This drink the purple, that the scarlet dye; 

Another, where immingling hues are given. 

Shall mock the bow with colors dipt in heaven: 

Not guarded Colchis gave admiring Greece I 

So rich a treasure in its golden fleece. 

Oh, might my guidance from the downs of Spain, 

Lead a white flock across the western main; 

Famed like the bark that bore the Argonaut, 

Should be the vessel with the burden fraught ! 

Clad in the raiment my Merinos yield, 

Like Cincinnatus led from my own field; 

Far from ambition, grandeur, care and strife. 

In sweet fruition of domestic life; 

There would I pass with friends, beneath my trees. 

What rests from public life, in lettered ease." f 

This vision was to be realized ; in uhat manner will be best shown by giving portions of 
his essay on the subject of the improvement of sheep in this country, addressed to the Mass- 
achusetts Society for Promoting Agriculture. Concerning the introduction of merino sheep into the 
United States he writes ; 

"Many circumstances concurred to favor the importation, some of which may not be e.\- 
pected soon to unite again : the season was the best that could have been chosen for a safe and 

* For other letters written by President Washington to Col. Humphreys, see his MisccUancovs Works. 
t An extract from his roem on the Industry of the United States o/ America. 


easy passage : the conclusion of a general peace rendered the transportation less exposed to em- 
barrassments than It had been for several years ; and the diminution of the freighting business made 
it less difiicult than it otherwise would have been to engage a convenient vessel for transporting a 
greater number of sheep than probably ever before passed the Atlandc together. My acquaintance 
in the capitals of Spain and Portugal, as well as with the officers commanding on the frontiers, 
afforded me greater facilities for the extraction than any stranger could be supposed to possess. 

*:^£ * * * * * * •+ ** 

"The race of merinos, probably first imported from Barbary to Europe, arc believed to have 
become superior to the original stock, or at least to the sheep which now exist on the opposite 
coast of the Mediterranean. Climate and culture have both an influence m the formation and 
constitution of animals. * * * Convinced that this race of sheep, of which I believe not 
one had been brought to the United States until the importation by myself, might be introduced 
with great benefit to our country, I contracted with a person of the most respectable character, to 
deliver to me, at Lisbon, one hundred, composed of twenty-five rams and seventy-five ewes, from 
one to two years old. They were conducted with proper passports, across the country of Portugal 
by three Spanish shepherds, and escorted by a small guard of Portuguese soldiers. On the loth of 
April last (1802) they were embarked m the Tagus, on board the ship Perseverance, of 250 tons, 
Caleb Coggeshall master. In about fifty days twenty-one rams and sevent}' ewes were landed at 
Derby, in Connecticut ; they having been shifted at New York on board of a sloop destined to that 
river. The nine which died were principally killed m consequence of bruises received by the violent 
rolling of the vessel on the banks of Newfoundland. ****** 

"If the project of introducing this breed of sheep should be attended with the desired success, 
that country will be principally benefitted by it. In case of failure, no one can be the sufferer but 
myself. The trouble and expense have been considerable for an individual to incur ; but a con- 
sciousness of the patriotic motives by which I was actuated, and the anticipation that some national 
good might be produced by the attempt, have furnished no inconsiderable compensation. '' 

The Society to which this essay was addressed, signified their appreciation of its merits, as 
well as of the importance of the author's liberal and practical efforts in the development of this 
branch of industry, by the bestowal of a gold medal (of which a facsimile is given opposite), ac- 
companied by the following letter. 

Hon. David Hcmphreys, Esq., Boston, December 15, 1S02. 


The Trustees of the Massachusetts Society for promoting Agriculture, at tlieir meeting, held October 29, 
1802, voted that a Gold Medal be presented to you by said Society, for your patriotic exertions in introducing into 
New England one hundred of the Spanish Merino breed of Sheep; ar.d appointed me a Committee to procure and 
transmit the same to you. 

It is with pleasure I have executed this commission, and now transmit to you tlie Medal accompanying this; 
and, in the name of the Trustees, request your acceptance of the same, as a small testimony of the high sense they 
entertain of your merit in accomplishing this arduous entei-prise. 

I have the honour to be, 

With sentiments of the highest esteem and respect, 
Your most obedient and very humble servant, 

(Signed) S. Parker, Corrcsfonding Secretary. 

Great excitement was occasioned in Derby and vicinity by the arrival of these sheep, and 
thousands of persons flocked to see them. Colonel Humphre3's discouraged all speculadon, from the 
first, as subversive of the great, object to be gained ; and even sold a part of his flock at one hun- 
dred dollars per head, (a price, it is said, less than they cost,) distributing them among the most 
enterprising farmers. His advice and entreaties were unheeded, however, and soon the price rose to 
four hundred dollars, mounting from that to $1,000, #1,500 and $2,000 per head. A few were 

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Sold as high as $2,500 and $3,000. Many honest men suffered great loss in the operation, but no 
blame could be attached to the original promoter of the enterprise. 

In 1803, Colonel Humphreys beg,an his distinguished career as a manufacturer, purchasing 
a tract of land, the water power, two fulling-mills, a clothier's shop, &c., on the Naugatuck river, 
at the Falls, in his native town. These mills had been used for the dressing of cloth, the spinning 
and weaving of the wool being done at the homes of the inhabitants. He thus alludes to this 
custom: "It is true, in the New England and neighboring States, much has been done in families, 
towards providing and preparing their own clothing. No real patriot can behold, without feeling 
unusual emotions of pleasure, the employment of the wool cards, the spinning wheels, and the 
domestic looms, in those nurseries of manufactures. From the manner in which this portion of tb.e 
country is filled with inhabitants, and the habits of occupation which they acciuirc from their in- 
fancy, I shall not perhaps be too bold in predicting that they will soon make a progress which 
will surpass all calculation hitherto formed. We have the materials and dispositions. Destitute of 
the great sources of riches, which, as it were, inundate our brethren in the South, on industry and 
economy, in farming, fishing, navigating, manu/tK luring, must we, in this part of the union, depend, 
under Providence, for our prosperity." Thus, with a wise foresight and patriotic zeal, he engaged 
in this arduous undertaking, knowing that he must encounter nianv difficulties, and perhaps meet 
with severe losses, before it should be established on a firm basis. New, and, as it was then con- 
sidered, wonderful machiner)- was introduced for the weaving of the cloth. Skilled mechanics were 
brought from Europe ; cottages were erected for the operatives and a school established on this 
property, the name of the village being called Humphreysville, in compliment to its founder. In 
all his arrangements and plans for those dependent upon him, he seems to have been influenced 
by motives of philanthropy. 

He succeeded so well in this enterprise, the producticm of fine broadcloths, that, in 1808, 
he had the reputation of producing the best quality of that kind of goods of any one in America. 
"So celebrated had become his cloth, that in November, 1S08, Thomas Jefferson, then president 
of the United States, desirous of appearing at the White House, on New Year's day, with a suit 
of clothes of American manufacture, sent the collector of customs at New Haven the following 
order : ' Homespun is become the spirit of the times. I think it an useful one, and therefore that 
it is a duty to encourage it by example. The best fine cloth made in the United States, I am 
told, is at the manufactory of Col. Humphreys. Send enough for a suit." 

The Philadelphia Domestic Society, in 1808-9, offered a premium of fifty dollars for the 
best piece of broadcloth twenty yards long and six quarters wide. Col. Humphreys set his machin- 
ery at work, wove the piece and took the prize. Coats were made tlierefrom for Presidents Jefferson 
and Madison, and the Heads of Departments; also for Capt. Isaac Hull, afterward commander of 
the frigate Constitution. The price of this cloth was twelve dollars per \ard. 

During his last visit to England, Col. Humphreys made the acquaintance of Mr. John 
Winterbotham, who was then a manufacturer of woolen cloths in the vicinity of Manchester, and, 
finding he was master of the business in all its branches, he requested him to settle his affairs in 
England and join in a manufacturing enterprise about to be commenced at Humphreysville. To 
this Mr. Winterbotham consented, becoming the junior partner in the firm of T. Vose & Company, 
and having the entire charge of the manufacturing department, the other partners being Col. Hum- 
phreys and Capt. Thomas Vose [Fain. 27, J.-j. This position he continued to fill until the death 
of the former. His daughter, Mrs. Ann S. Stephens, has given some interesting recollections of her 
early life in Humphreysville : * 

"Among its inhabitants the first person who presents himself to my mind is the man who 
kept up in his appearance and habits all the traditions that have come down to us from the Rev- 

* History of Derby, pp. 456-8. 


olulion. I remember him, at first diml_\-, in a blue coat with large gold (or what appeared to be 
gold) buttons, a buff vest, and laced ruffles around his wrists and in his bosom. His complexion 
was soft and blooming like that of a child, and his gray hair, swept back from the forehead, was 
gathered in a cue behind and tied with a black or red ribbon. His white and plump hands I rec- 
ollect well, for wherever he met me they were sure to ruffle up my curls, and sometimes my temper, 
which was frequently tranquilized with some light silver coin ranging anywhere from a 'four pence 
half penny' to a half dollar. 

"Whenever this old gentleman visited Humphreysville, he occupied a suit of rooms in the 
boarding-house building. These apartments were superintended by a housekeeper with whom I was 
a petted favorite. They contained pictures, books and many beautiful objects calculated to charm 
the fancy of a child, all of which I was permitted to examine and admire to my heart's content. 

"Colonel Humphreys took great interest in the discipline and education of the apprentice 
boys attached to the factory. Seventy-three of these boys were indentured, I have been told, at the 
same time, from the New York almshouse, and others from the neighboring villages. For these he 
established evening and Sunday schools, with competent teachers ; and indulged his military tastes 
by uniforming them at no light expense as a militia company, drilling them himself" [Lady Hum- 
phreys, wife of the Colonel, made and beautifully embroidered an elegant silk flag for the company, 
which is still preserved, its inscription being as follows : ' ' Hianphrcysville, Jam Nova Pyogenes, Perse- 
verando Pacla Semper . Servanda, MDCCCX."] "Of course so many lads, gathered from the lower 
classes of a great cit}-, must have numbered some bad ones. Thefts and other small vices were 
sometimes discovered, and at such times the offender was given his choice to be rendered up to the 
legal authorities, or tried and punished by a court organized on the premises. Almost invariably, 
they elected the latter, where they expected, and usually received, a milder sentence than the severe 
laws of that jieriod would have given. 

"Sometimes the Colonel brought very distinguished compatriots to visit the mills, of which 
he was said to be very proud. I remember him dashing up the road one day in an open carriage, 
drawn by four horses, with Stephen Van Rensselaer, the Albany patroon, at his side. They spent 
some time walking over the premises — took refreshments at the Colonel's apartments, and drove 
back to a cottage that he owned in Hotchkiss Town, on the New Haven road. 

"Indeed the old soldier usually came in state when he visited his native town, and his 
presence there was alwa3S followed by more or less commotion. 

"One day, coming along the river road, near the bridge, he checked his carriage to learn 
the meaning of a crowd that had collected on the bank. A child had just been taken from the 
water insensible and apparently dead. The old man gave a few hasty directions, snatched the reins 
from his coachman, dashed across the bridge and up Falls hill with the dangerous recklessness of 
a man who had no thought of his own life, and disappeared. In less time than seemed possible, 
he dashed back with Doctor Stoddard by his side. His prompt action saved the child, and en- 
deared both the old soldier and the physician more than ever to the people. 

"In his business enterprises Col. Humphreys did not forget the literary propensities that had 
mated him with Trumbull and Barlow in Yale College. He wrote a great deal for the benefit and 
amusement of the operatives ; and the Christmas holidays were frequently celebrated with private 
theatricals, where an original play, of which he was the author, would be performed by the most 
talented work-people, and he more than once took a prominent part in them. As the best people 
of the neighborhood and other towns were invited to form an audience, these plays became a 
favorite amusement. In fact Col. Humphreys omitted nothing that could arouse the ambition or 
promote intellectual improvement among the operatives, although he did it after a grand military 
fashion." His large size increased his fine, commanding appearance, as he was six feet, two inches, 
in height, and weighed about two hundred and thirty pounds ; and his bearing was distinguished 


and courtly, not only from inheritance, but from the infiuence of the distinguished circles in which 
he had moved, both at home and abroad. He was always conspicuous for his neatness, his fauUless 
attire, and graceful language ; and he was quite a stickler for etiquette ; so much so as to have 
drawn upon himself the ridicule and lampoons of those who failed to appreciate his keen sense of 
propriety and decorum. In all matters of. public and social procedure, he was regarded as an 
authority ; and while a member of Gen. Washington's military family, such matters were alwavs 
referred to his judgment On one occasion, the President, writir^j; to a friend who was about to 
assume a public rok, says, "If in any doubt as to the proper line of procedure, you will do well 
to advise with Col. Humphreys, who is entirely at home in all such matters." It is more than 
probable that this natural "ease, dignity and urbanity of manners," so conspicuous in Col. Hum- 
phreys, and so natural to the name, was one of the bonds which so long and so closely united 
the Father of His Country to his long-time aid-de-camp, and family associate, as these were likewise 
conspicuous traits in his own character. Upon the purity of his life and motives there has never 
been a breath of aspersion. No sooner was the war ended, which established the independence of 
his country, than he sought, in the diplomatic service, to meet her next great want. Finding, at 
Lisbon, that the incursions and exactions of the Barbary Powers, Tripoli, Tunis, and Algiers, were 
not only an obstruction, but a shame and humiliation to our commerce and nation, he hastened home 
to arouse the latent energies of Congress for their vindication. His representations were successful, 
war was declared, a fleet despatched to the scene of the disturbance, and he returned clothed with 
authority to negotiate treaties of peace and amity with these powers, which had so long been the 
terror of our Merchant Marine. 

No sooner is this service for his country ended than the utterly blank condition of our 
manufactures excites his solicitude and thenceforth demands his entire life and fortune. 'I'he build- 
ing of mills, the construction and erection of machinery, and, more than all, the introduction of 
skilled workmen for the varied departments, now enlisted all his powers. Mistakes were of course 
made, some of which now seem needless, and the business, in a pecuniarv sense, was not a 
success. But, as an originator and pioneer, and in the sense of stimulating others into activity — 
and in demonstrating what could be accomplished, this enterprise was so grand a success 
that Henry Clay, forty years later, called Col. Humphreys "the father of the American system" 
of industries. 

In 1810, having succeeded so well in the manufacture of cloths, he introduced the making 
of stockings as a new department in the mills. In 1812, he purchased more lands in Humphrevs- 
ville, and his mind was busily engaged with his manufacturing enterprises and philanthropic plans. 

"Upon the opening of the war, his love for his country was aroused as in his younger days 
in the Revolution, and calling a public meeting at the old and then dilapidated appearing meeting- 
house standing on Academy Hill, he delivered a stirring and eloquent oration and called for 
volunteers. A company, then called troopers (now cavalry), was enlisted, with the Colonel as its 
first officer, and was accepted by the State. Mr. Humphreys was then appointed brigadier-general 
of the State Militia, and afterwards was called General instead of Colonel Humphreys." His com- 
mission was dated June ist, 1813, and signed by John Cotton Smith, then Governor of Connecticut. 
This corps of State troops was composed of "volunteers exempt by law from military duty," and was 
raised under an act passed in the August session of 1812. 

At a town-meeting held in Derby, April 12th, 1813, resolutions complimentary to Com- 
modore Isaac Hull were introduced and read by General Humphreys. The frigate Constitiitmi, of 
which the former was commander, was constructed, in 1794, by Joshua Humphreys. [See History 
of the Pennsylvania Famih of Humphreys to be printed in a future number of this series. ] 

"Resolved, that Isaac Hull, Esq., a native of this town, captain in the Navy of the United 
States, and lately Commander of their Frigate Constitution, with the aid of his gallant officers and 
ship's company and the smiles of Providence, having led the van in the career in our naval glory 

1 66 

by capturing His Britannic IMajesty's Frigate Guerriere, commanded by Captain Dacres, has, in our 
opinion, deserved well of his country, and is an ornament to the place of his nativit_v. 

"Resolved, that joining cordially in the universal applause bestowed by our native country- 
men on Hull, Jones, Decatur, Bainbridge and Lawrence, and their brave and skillful associates in 
perils and triumphs, for their glorious naval achievements, we judge we have a right in our 
corporate capacity, without showing an undue partiality to the first mentioned officer, or stepping 
aside from our municipal duties, to notice more explicitly his exemplary merits, from having better 
opportunities of being acquainted with them. 

"Resolved, that Messrs. John L. Tomlinson, William Humphreys* and Pearl Crafts, be a 
committee to collect and digest such distinguishing illustrative facts on the subject matter now be- 
fore us as may be attainable, and that they will cause the result to be communicated to the public 
in such manner as they shall deem most proper. 

' ' Resolved, that from the interruption of our fisheries and navigation by war, gold and silver 
we have not, to offer costly demonstrations of respect and esteem in imitation of richer towns, yet 
what we have we freely give, to wit, a li-ibute of gratitude. 

"Therefore, voted that Isaac Hull, Esq., being already constitutionally entitled to the freedom 
of this corporation, the thanks of this town be presented to him in a box made of heart of oak, 
the genial growth of his native hills. 

' ' Voted, that the committee take order from the selectmen for the performance of this ser- 
vice and report their proceedings to a future meeting, for the express purpose that a town record 
be made for the perpetual remembrance of these transactions. 

"Voted, that the committee above named be directed to transmit to Capt. Hull a certified 
copy of the foregoing resolutions. j_ l. Tomlinson, Clerk, "f 

General Humphreys was representative from Derby to the State Legislature five sessions, in 
1S12, '13 and '14, when his public career appears to have terminated. 

He was associated, as member or fellow, with several literary institutions, both in this country 
and Europe, and received from three American colleges the honorary degree of doctor of laws. 

His last years were spent principally in Boston and New Haven, his death occurring very 
suddenly, at the latter place, February 21st, 18 18, at the age of sixty-five years. He had been 
suffering, for a few days, from an, apparently, slight indisposition. With his usual courtesy he 
handed a lady friend to her carriage, standing, hat in hand, until her departure, then returned to 
his apartments at the hotel, laid down on tlie sofa and expired. The suddeness of this event was 
a great shock to his friends and townsmen. 

The people of Derby, assembled in town-meeting, took the following action: — "April 13, 
1 8 18. Voted that we appoint a committee to prepare resolutions expressive of the sense entertained 
by this town of the distinguished character and services of our fellow-citizen. General David Hum- 
phreys, comprising a biographical sketch of his life, and report to this meeting, to be held by 
adjournment on the 27th inst. at one o'clock, afternoon, and that John L. Tomlinson, Truman 
Carr and Dr. Crafts be the committee." The historian of Derby adds: — "Upon a careful review 
of the life of Gen. David Humphre}s it is impossible not to award him the character of a most 
unselfish, patriotic and high-minded man. He was one of Derby's noblemen, of whom she has 
had a large number, who lived for his fellow-man, having, in the language of the inscription on 
his monument, 'enriched his native land with the true golden fleece.' A scholar, poet, historian, 
statesman, patriot, and philanthropist, his name is held in high esteem, and will be for generations, 
yet to come."f 

* Family 50, J. t History 0/ Dcrhy^ pp. 300-302. 
X History 0/ Dcrly, pp. 459. 598-99. 


His monument stands in the soutli-western part of the ancient New Haven cemetery, and is 
a granite obelisk about twelve feet in height. The following inscriptions are upon two bronze 
tablets which are inserted in the east and west sides of the pedestal * : — ■ 


AiikL Siknt. Philad. Mass. el Conned. 

e\, in Anglia AquiB So/is, et RegicB Societal. 


PalricB el Liherlalis amore accensus, 

Juvenis vitam Reipub. inlcgram consecravil, 

patriam armis tuchattir, 

consiliis auxil, lileris exornavit, 

apud exleras genles concordia stabilivil. 

[On the reverse.] 

In bello gcrcndo 

maxinii duds WASHIXG'I'OX adminiskr ct adjidor ; 

in exeratu palrio Chiliarchus ; 

in Republica Connedicutaisi 

mihtian evocatorum Impcrator ; 

ad Alt/dm lAisitan ct Hispan. Legatus, 

Iberia rcversiis nalale solum 

vdlere ivre aureo ditavit. 

In Histnria el Poesi scnplor eximius ; 

in Arlibus el Sdenliis exeolendis, 

quce vel decori vel Usui inserviunl, 

oplimus ipse el palronus el exemplar. 

Omnibus demuni officiis explelis, 

cursuq ; vitcE felidter peraclo, fato cessil, 

Die XXL Februar. Anno Domini MDCCCXVIII. 

cum annos vixissel LXV. 


David Humphreys, Doctor of Laws, Member of the Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia, Massachusetts, and 
Connecticut; of the Bath [Agricultural] Society, and of the Royal Society of London. Fired with the love of 
country and of liberty, he consecrated his youth wholly to the service of the Republic, which he defended by his 
arms, aided by his counsels, adorned by his learning, and preserved in harmony with foreign nations. 

In the field he was the companion and aid of the great Washington, a Colonel in the army of his country, 
and commander of the Veteran Volunteers of Connecticut. He went as Ambassador to the Courts of Portugal and 
Spain, and returning, enriched his native land with the true golden fleece. He was a distinguished Historian and 
Poet; — a model and Patron of Science, and of the ornamental and useful arts. After a full discharge of every 
duty, and a life well spent, he died on the 21st day of February, 1818, aged 65 years." 

* In Barber's Hist. Collections of Connecticut, is a picture of ihe monument and a copy of the inscriptions. The epitaph was 
written by his early and faithful friend, Judge John Trumbull, the poe<. 


The literan' productions of General Humphreys, both in prose and verse, were numerous and 
worthy of their author, evincing the noble sentiments and patriotic devotion which pervaded his life. 
Several editions of some of his writings were published, both in Europe and America, and received 
the favorable notice of critics. The octavo volume, bearing the title The ]\Iiscdlancmis Works of 
David Humphreys, Late Minister Plenipotentiary from the United States of America to the Court of Madrid, 
published in 1804, at New York Citv, under his supervision, probably contains all of his com- 
positions, prior to that date, which he wished to have given to the public. In the preface to some 
of his poems, on their first publication, he writes: "Should more defects or imperfections of style 
be discerned, in such poems of this collection as have never before been printed, than were expected, 
the writer ma\- be permitted to allege his long absence from his country in mitigation of the severity 
of animadversion. Since the summer after our revolutionary war was ended (the time of his first 
leaving this land of his nativity) he has remained abroad, with some intermissions, nearly fourteen 
years. During the greater part of that period, and particularl)- for more than eleven of the last }"ears, 
he has heard very little of his native language spoken, either in his own family, or the societies 
which he frequented. Almost the whole of his longest productions in verse were composed in 
Europe." In another place, the author "takes a becoming pride in asserting, that, in indulging his 
taste for poetry, he has never suspended his attention to the public service ; * and that no letter or 
application on business which ever came to him from an\- t)f his countrymen, in any quarter of 
the globe (and they have been extremely numerous), has ever been neglected at the moment, or re- 
mained unanswered longer than was inevitably necessary. In whatever point of light his poetical 
dispositions or literary acquirements may be considered, he is not a little desirous of preserving the 
reputation of an honest man, who has never ceased to act, in eveiy oflice he has filled, with dili- 
gence, zeal and fidelity. He has ever taught by precept, and he hopes he has not counteracted the 
doctrine by example, that there can be no happiness without virtue, no liberty without morality, and 
no good public character without being at the same time a good private character. " 

A collection of his writings was dedicated, July 4th, 1790, to his friend the Duke de 
Rochefoucault, to whom he writes: "In presenting for your amusement the trifles which have 
been occasionally composed at my leisure hours, I assume nothing beyond the negative merit of 
not having ever written anything unfavorable to the interests of freedom, humanit}-, and virtue.'' 

Among his longest prose productions is An Essay on the Life of the Honourable Major- 
General Lrael Putnam, addressed to the State Society of the Cincinnati in Connecticut (of which he 
was a member), and published by their order. It was written in 17S8, and is a beautiful tribute 
of a high-spirited soldier to one under whose illustrious command he had served his countr\'. In a 
letter written to Colonel Jeremiah Wadsworth, the piesident of the Society, he mentions the fact that 
it is the first effort in biography that has been made on this continent. In celebration of the 
thirteenth anniversary of Independence, he pronounced, at New Haven, before this Society, an Oration 
on the Political Situation of the United States of America in the year i/Sp, w-hich was afterward pub- 
lished ; as was also a speech delivered b}' him, in 1803, before the Governor and Council, in support 
of a Memorial of said Society to the Legislature. 

He addressed to the American people : Thoughts on the A'ecessity of Maintaining a Xaiy in 
the United States of America; and Pemaris on the War between tin United States and Tripoli, written 
in 1802. Considerations on the Means of Itnproving the Public Defence, was in the form of a letter 
to "His E-xcellency Governor Trumbull," and was dated, "Boston, September 23, 1803." Allusion 
has alread}' been made to his Dissertation on the Breed of Spanish Sheep called Merino, which was 

trnm this country, .-^s Minister, he "addressed to the Department of State 150 disp.ttches ; and during^ 
residing in a diplomatic character at Madrid, he passed 324 offices to the first Ministers of State of his 

Ministers of Financt;. He was honored with 311 answers, or communications, from the former, and 17 
3 which he was engaged in some correspondence with the other Ministers of State and the high 

* Dur.iig his 

, first absence 

his second absence 

! 300. While 

Catholi'o Majesty, 

and 25 to tht 

from the latter. 

In addition 1 



addressed to ihe Massachusetts Society for promoting Agriculture, iu 1S02, soon after liis return to 
this countrv. He also wrote various other minor prose pieces not here mentii^med. 
His principal poetical writings wlic as follows : — 

Address lo Ihe Armits of the Unikd Slciles of America, written in 17S2, while the American 
army was encampeil at Peekskili, and the enemy occupied the heights of New York and (.harles- 
town. This poem became much celebrated, and was translated into French by the Marquis de 
C'hastellux, who had obtained possession of a beautiful copy "printed at London with all the accuracy 
and magnificence which they alwa_\s bestow on every important work. " In his preface, C(->lonel 
Humphreys "declares, that, having already devoted whatsoever talents and abilities nature has 
conferred upon him to the service of his country, no efforts that can be made with his voice, his 
pen, or his sword, shall ever be wanting to confirm its Liberties anil Lvdependence. " 

A Poem on Ihe Happiness of America, written about 17S6, principally in Paris ami London, 
and addressed to the citizens of the United States. This was hardly less popular than its predeces- 
sor, as it passed through eight editions in little more than four years, and two more eiiitions followed. 
These are a few of the introductory lines : — 

"The song iK-jjins where all our bliss began, 

What time th' Almighty clieck"d the wrath of man, 

Distill'd, in bleeding wounds, the balm of peace. 

And bade the rage of mortal discord cease. 

Then foes, grown friends, from toils of slaughter lireath'd. 

Then war-worn troops their blood-stain'd weapons sheath'd: 

Then our great Chief to Vernon's shades withdrew. 

And thus, to parting hosts, pronounc'd adieu." 
A Poem on tite Fuiure Ghvv of the United States cf America, written priiiciiially in Paris and 
London. In this he addresses three of his literary friends, to whom allusion lias already been made : 

"Why sleep's! thou, IJarlow, child of genius? Why, 
See'st thou, blest Dwight, our land in sadness lie? 
And where is Trumbull, earliest boast of fame ? 
'Tis yours, ye bards, to wake the smother'd fiaiuc— 
To you, my dearest friends ! the task belongs 
To rouse your country with heroic songs; 
For me, though glowing with conceptions w.-.rm, 
I find no equal words to give them form." 

Here is, al^o, a vision of the city of Washington : — 

"On broad I'otowmac's bank then spring to liiith, 
Thou seat of empire and delight of earth I 
Of Washington assume the glorious name, 
Immortal pledge of union and of fame ! 
Hail site sublime I unconscious of thy doom, 
Thou future city burst the shapeless gloom, 
From long oblivion wake — unrivall'd rise— 
And spread thy destin'd beauties to the skies! 
Through rows of goodly trees with umbrage fair. 
And streams, whose freshness cools the summer air; 
From where the Tiber's tide thy margin lave.-, 
To where Potowmac rolls his sea-like waves, 
I .see thy spacious streets their walks extend. 
The domes rise beauteous and the arches bend — 
I see thy portals pi-oud, adorn'd with art. 
Where thronging nations enter and depart- 
Where lifts the C.\PiT0l, its golden spires, 
I see Columbia's delegated sires 
Intent on high debate— awful !— serene 1 — 
Nor Greece nor Rome beheld an ef|ual scene." 


A Poem on the Industry nf Ihe Unilcd States of America, written in Lisbon, when the author 
was Minister at that court, and dedicated to "His Ro3al Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal," 
under date "April 14, 1802." He writes as follows; "To have been the first Minister from the 
United States of America to Portugal ; to have been instrumental in opening an extensively advan- 
tageous intercourse between the inhabitants of the two countries ; to have never been involved in any 
unpleasant discussion ; and to have enjoyed "the uninterrupted favour of the Royal Family of Braganza, 
when accredited as a diplomatic agent near its chief for more than seven years, are circumstances 
which will continue to be remembered, with conscious pleasure, to the latest period of my life. 
And never shall I hesitate to acknowledge, w'ith manly gratitude, the liberal and amicable conduct 
of the Cabinet of Lisbon towards the United States as a nation, and myself as their representative. 
Nor ought my acknowledgments to be expressed with less deference or cordiality for the distinguished 
treatment which I experienced in the pardcular audience recently accorded by the Prince Regent of 
Portugal to me, in my private character, when he signified his great satisfacdon at being presented 
with the following Poem. 

"The Poem, which treats of the national industry of the United States, was composed on 
the delightful banks of the Tagus, while I was thus honourably occupied on a public mission, and when 
my days were pleasantly passed in the enjoyment of health, happiness and content. To whom, then, 
could it with more propriety be addressed than to the Prince Regent of Portugal.? 

"Actuated by a lively sense of such enviable distincdons, I offer the tribute of sincerity in 
inscribing this Poem as a testimony of respect for a 'Just Prince'; an appellation which I had the 
most satisfactory reasons for applying* when I took leave of the Court of Lisbon, in 1797, and 
which has since been confirmed by almost innumerable titles. If, Sire, I have ever wished for a 
capacity of paying a still larger tribute of honour where it is most due, it was that your princely 
and personal virtues might be as advantageously known to the remotest posterity as to the existing 
generation. " f 

A Poem on the Lave of Country, in celebration of the t\vent}'-third anniversar}' of the Inde- 
pendence of the United States of America, in which he makes honorable mention of many of our 
noble chieftains. It was written at Madrid, when the author was Minister in Spain, and was dedi- 
cated "To His Majesty Louis, King of Etruria, Hereditary Prince of Parma, Infant of Spain, &c., 
&c., &c. ' In this poem he thus alludes to the commencement of the Revolution: 

"Awful in age, with digniheil applause, 

Our sires imprest a reverence on our cause. 

And shall I not remember words that fell, 

As thus my father bade three sons farewell ? 

'In peace I liv'd (though stricken well with years), 

To see your manhood — now a war appears — 

Had not the chills of age these nerves unstrung, 

Myself would go— but ye are strong and young — 

Your country calls— my sons ! to battle bear 

An old man's blessing and a father's pray'r — 

Our cause is just -to guard each sacred light. 

Go, in heav'n's name, and dare the dreadful fight — 

Go, act the man — from you I hope no less— 

And may the Lord of Hosts protect and bless ! ' " 

Concerning his residence in foreign lands he writes : — 
"And oft in recollections sad, but dear, 
I soothe long absence with a secret tear— 
Where'er I wander, or where'er I rest. 
The love of country warms my lab'ring breast; 

• This is .in .illusion to a sonnet addressed to the Prince of Brazil, in which he gives him that title. 
f For an extract from this poem, see page i6i. 

And as the flame within my bosom burns, 

Each trembling feeling tow'rds Columbia turns, 

'Tis like the steel whose magnet-instinct guides 

O'er unknown oceans and bewild'ring tides, 

And though the lone bark, wrapp'd in darkness, roll. 

Still points its path and vibrates to the pole." 

A Poem on the Dioth of GLua-iil Washington, which was pronounced at the House of the 
American Legation, in ^Madrid, July 4th, iSoo, that being the twenty-fourth anniversary of the 
Independence of the United States of America. This poem was dedicated to Mrs. Washington, 
to whom he addressed the following letter of condolence on receipt c-'f the intelligence of her hus- 
band's death : — 

M.\DR1U, February 22, iSoo. 
" Dear and Respected M.vdam, 

"Too long was I an inmate of your hospitable family, and too intimately connected with the late illustrious 
head of it, not to share in the poignancy of your distress for the death of the best of husbands. The loss of the 
most distinguished man of the age is an event which has produced an extensive mourning in Europe — as well as 
in America. On the return of this day, which was signalized by his birth, and which was accustomed to be cele- 
brated with heartfelt festivity throughout the United States, what mingled ideas crowd upon the recollection ! Grief 
more genuine or more universal was never manifested in any age or in any nation. While a grateful country offers 
to you the joint tribute of sympathetic tears, I am encouraged to hope that the solitary condolences of an absent 
friend will not be unseasonable or imacceptable. Accept, then, that pledge of my sincere affection and respect for 
you. In the season of severe afflictions, I know you were ever disposed to listen to the voice of friendship, reason, 
and religion. When, nearly nineteen years ago, you were bereaved by death of a dear, an only son, after having 
mentioned the superior motives for resignation to the dispensations of the Deity, I attempted to administer some con- 
solation, by showing that the lenient hand of time might mitiijate the sevcrily of grief, and that you had still the 
prospect of enjoying many good days on earth in the society of the Ijcst of friends, as well as in beholding your 
grand-children happily established in life, as a comfort for your more advanced years. Highly favoured have you 
eaen by Providence, in the uninterrupted fruition of those felicities, until the late fatal stroke, which has removed 
bll you held most dear for ever from this world. Having lived long enough for himself, and long enough for 
glory, he has gone before us from these mutable scenes of trouble to the mansions of eternal rest. 

"We, too, are hastening to follow him 'to that undiscovered country from whose bourne no traveller re- 
turns.' The only difference is, whether we shall commence our journey a few days sooner or iater. In either 
case the idea of meeting our dear departed friends will serve, in some degree, to cheer the gloomy passage. To 
those who have already passed into the vale of declining life, it is true everything here below ought to appear too 
transitory and too short-lived to allow them to calculate on permanent enjoyments. If the consolation which was 
once naturally drawn from the expectation of still seeing many good days on this earth be diminished, the resources 
of reason and religion are everlasting as they are inexhaustible. The noble sentiments and principles of your de- 
parted husband remain for your support. Vour long alliance with that exalted character cannot fail to elevate 
your mind above the pressure of immoderate and unreasonable sorrow: we are apt to assimilate ourselves, as far 
as we are able, to the character, and, as it were, to identify our own with the destinies of those we love. Your 
hope of happiness is with him on high. But without suffering your intellectual view to be diverted from that 
higher contemplation, may you not experience some soothing sensations in contemplating a whole people weeping 
over the tomb of your beloved; in seeing them strive to bestow unequalled honours on his memory, and in knowing 
that they wish to alleviate your sorrow by a participation of it? And may you not derive some rational comfort 
from the recollection that the great and good man whom we now mourn as having been subject to the lot of 
mortality has faithfully discharged every duty in life; from a belief that he has now entered upon a glorious im- 
mortality; and from a conviction that, after having rendered to his country more important services than any other 
human character ever performed, his example will continue to be a blessing to mankind so long as this glob* shall 
exist as a theatre for human action ? Since the fatal news reached nie, I have found my heart so much oppressed 
as not to be able to give vent to those effusions which can alone afibrd me some relief. I wished to express my sen- 
sations, b>it felt myself incapable of the effort: so true is the observation of the author of the pathetic elegy on 
Mr. Addison: 

' What mourner ever felt poetic fires ! 
Slow conies the verse that real woe inspires; 
Grief unaffected suits but ill with art. 
Or flowing numbers with a bleedinir heart.' 


"When my own grief shall become a httle moderated, I propose to indulge my melancholy meditations in endeav- 
oring to delineate such features of the character of the deceased father of his country, and such events of his interesting life, 
as have left the most indelible impressions on my mind. I shall thus procure the double advantage, first, for myself, 
of holding a kind of spiritual intercourse with him; and, next, of exhibiting for others an admirable model for imi- 
tation. Could I flatter myself with the expectation of being able to express (in any adequate proportion) what I 
know and what I feel on a subject which will employ the pens of innumerable writers, I might then hope to do not 
less justice to his public and private virtues than others. For, conscious I am that few have had opportunities of 
knowing him better, and that none could appreciate more justly his morals and his merits. If the task which grati- 
tude, affection and duty impose shall not be executed in a manner too unworthy of the subject, even in my own 
judgment, I shall ask your acceptance of the production when finished. In the meantime, may you receive, while 
here on earth, every species of consolation of which an afflicted and virtuous mind is susceptible : and may the 
choicest of heaven's benedictions attend you through the whole period of your existence. Such is the fervent 

prayer of 

Your most affectionate 

And most obliged friend and servant, 

D. Hlmphrevs. 

P. S. I request you will present my most affectionate regards to Mrs. Stuart and family, to all your amiable 

grand -children, to Mr. Lear, Dr. Craig and family, and, in general, all my ancient friends in your neighbourhood. 

Mrs. Humphreys, although she has not the honour of being personally known to you, cannot but take a deep interest 

in your aflSictions. She requests me to tender the homage of her best respects to you." 

A few months later, Col. Humphreys again addresses j\Irs. Washington; — 

M.ADRiD, July 5, 1800. 


In conformity to the intimation given in my letter, dated the 22d of February last, I now dedicate to you 
a Poem, on the death of your late husband, delivered yesterday, at the house of the American legation in this city, 
in presence of a respectable number of persons belonging to different nations. Their partiality to the subject led 
them to listen to it with peculiar indulgence. And from you, I flatter myself, it will meet with no unfavourable 
reception, even if it should not have the desired effect of diminishing the source of your sorrow, as it contains a 
representation (though but an imperfect one) of my melancholy sensations— and as it is rather the production of the 
heart than of the head. When I wrote to you on the 22d of February last, I was ignorant that day had been set 
apart as sacred to the memory of General Washington. I was unconscious that the voice of mourning was raised 
at that moment throughout every district in the United States for your and their irreparable loss. Yet, on a day 
which had been rendered for ever memorable by his birth, it was so natural for the feelings of the whole nation 
to be in sympathy, that I could not fail of participating in the mournful solemnity which I afterwards found had 
been recoinmended by the President to the people of the miion. 

" The anniversary of Independence produces, in some sort, a renovation of the same sentiments. For who can 
separate the idea of our Washington from that of our Independence? Who can avoid renewing their lamentations, 
that he, who contributed so largely to the establishment of it, is now no more? That he was raised up by Heaven 
to be more instrumental than any other mortal in obtaining the acknowledgment of our right to be an independent 
nation, and in securing the enjoyment of our civil liberty mider a good form of government, no one has ever pre- 
tended to deny. For the accomplishment of this glorious destiny, it was indispensably necessary that he should have 
been born just so long before the revolution, as to have acquired all the qualities of body and mind adequate to the 
performance of the important part he was called upon to act. This observation has probably often occurred and 
been expressed. But I beg leave to mention another which has not, to my knowledge, hitherto been made. It 
seems not unreasonable to suppose (from the wonderful change of sentiments which has since taken place in France) 
that his death was ordained by Providence to happen exactly at the point of time when the salutary influence of 
his example would be more extensively felt than it could have been at any other period. So that it may be said 
of him, with peculiar proprfety, that his whole existence was of a piece, and that he died as he lived, for the good 
of mankind. Perhaps the efiicacy of his example could not be so much needed at any moment hereafter as it is 
at present, to recommend systems of morals and manners calculated to promote the public felicity. Had he died 
when the Directory governed France, it cannot be doubted that his name, if not loaded with obloquy, would, at 
least, have been treated with contempt in that country, and, as far as it was possible, consigned to oblivion. The 
circumstances are now greatly changed, and the good and the brave in that, as in every other nation, consider 
themselves as having lost in him the ornament and glory of the age. In the British dominions distinguished hon- 
ours have been paid to his memory. In France itself, a public mourning has been decreed for his death. There 
those descriptions of men ju't now mentioned have" given utterance to their generous feelings, and the cry of grief 
and admiration has resounfled in the very place where the howling of rage and malediction was but lately heard. 


In the funeral eulogium pronounced by Fontanes, at the command of the French government (of which I liave 
made and enclosed a translation for your perusal), you will find many correct, useful, and sublime ideas. The men 
who now possess the supreme power have ordered the models of public virtue (if I may so express myself) per- 
sonified at different epochs, to be placed before them. The bust of General Washington is associated with those 
of the greatest human characters that have ever existed. This is a happy presage of better intentions and better 
limes: for ambition and selfishness, shrinking from his presence, could ill support the mute reproaches of that 
awful marble. 

" In either extremity of life so immediately docs the lot of General Washington appear to have been the 
charge of Heaven ! Since the inortal as well as the natal /loitr is unchangeably Jixed^ it becomes our duty to ac- 
quiesce in the wise dispensations of the Deity. The illustrious father of his country was long since prepared for 
this event. You well remember, when his life was despaired of at New York, he addressed these words to me: 
' I know it is very doubtful whether ever I shall rise from this bed, and God knows it is perfectly indifferent to 
me whether I do or not.' — Amidst all the successes and all the honours of this world, he knew, 'that no man is 
to be accounted happy until after death.' 

" Hajipy is it that the seal of immortality is set on the character of him, whose counsels as well as actions 
were calculated to increase the, sum of human happiness. Those counsels are now the more likely to be spontan- 
eously obeyed, since his career has been successfully finished, and since it is everywhere fashionable to speak of his 
talents and services in terms of the highest applause. In fine, the world is disposed, in this instance, to do justice 
to the most unsullied wort/i it has perhaps ever witnessed. While heroes, and statesmen, and nations contemplate 
with complacency his ]5ublic life as a perfect model for a public character, it remains for those who knew him in 
the calm station of retirement to demonstrate how dearly they prized his amiable dispositions and domestic virtues, 
by imitating his conduct in private life. To be great is the lot of few — to be good is within the power of all. 
What are the inestimable consolations of a good conscience in the hour of affliction, no one knows better than 
yourself; and it ought not to be indifferent to you that posterity too will know, that, in all your social relations, 
and in discharging all the duties of your sex, the whole tenor of your behaviour has been highly exemplary, and 
worthy of the most unreserved approbation: indeed, that it has been worthy of the wife of General Washington. 

"With such consolatory reflections I bid you an affectionate adieu, in renewing the assurances of the great 
regard and esteem with which 

I have the honour to be 

Dear and respected Madam, 
Your sincere friend. 

And most humble servant, 

D. Humphreys. 

" V. S. I request my best respects may be offered to all my friends with you and in your vicinity." 

We here add a few extracts from this poem : — 

" Oh, Independence of our western world. 
Beneath whose banner broad in war unfurl'd, 
With Washington I toil'd ! beneath whose shade 
With him beheld thy fruits in peace display'd ! — 
Say why such deep'ning glooms this day o'erspread 
Thy annual feast, as for some dearest dead ? 

Say, lov'd Columbians ! what these glooms bespeak ? 
Why paleness gathers on each alter'd cheek. 
Why round the shore and o'er each inland heath, 
Tolls from each village tow'r the bell of death ? 
Why stops the dance ? Why cease the sounds of mirth ? 
What unknown sorrow saddens half the earth ? 
What means yon sable tram in shadowy ranks, 
That dimly moves along Potowmac's bank ? 
Why on my view ascends yon phantom bier? 
I fear'd — ah, woe to me ! too true that fear ! — 
Fall'n is the mighty — Washington is dead — 
Our day to darkness turn'd — our glory fled — 
Yes, that lov'd form lies lifeless, dark in dust — 


Of patriots purest as of heroes first ! 

What talents rare, ne'er lent before by heav'n, 
To him, the glory of his age, were giv'n? 
What force of body, majesty of mind. 
To make one perfect whole in him combin'd ? 
O'er his fine figure and distinguish'd face, 
Life's rosy morn suffus'd cherubic grace; 
While toils his sinews brace, his limbs dilate. 
And arm his breast to brave the bolts of fate. 
What peerless portion of th' Almighty's might 
Nerv'd the new chief, magnanimous for fight? 
How o'er the rising race, by merit aw'd, 
He look'd and niov'd conspicuous as a god ? 

What eagle flight can trace through regions far, 
Th' immortal march of Washington in war ? 
Who sing his conq'ring arms o'er York that shone, 
And deeds surviving monumental * stone ? 
How cloud-hid batt'ries rain'd red bullets dire. 
Volcanic mortars bekh'd infernal fire. 
While baleful bombs that buoy'd in ether rode. 
Emblaze the skies, and, filled with fate, explode! 
Till great Cornwallis, hopeless of relief, 
'., Resign 'd whole armies to a greater chief? 

Then solemn thanks by blest Columbia giv'n. 

With songs of gratitude, rose sweet to heav'n; 

What though my lips no common fervour warm'd 

To sing th' achievements that his arm perform'd; 

"Though strong as when I foUow'd where he led, 

Toil'd in his sight, or with his mandates sped. 

Or bore his trophies to our pins.^'r sitprt:ine^\ 

1 sink beneath th' immensity of theme. 

Yet might a muse that soars on stronger wing. 

So vast an argument divinely sing; 

Then should the numbers rise as heav'n sublime, 

Defy the ravage of corroding time. 

Make late posterity his deeds admire. 

And raptur'd bosoms burn with more than mortal fire." 

Amono' his shorter productions in verse are twelve sonnets : — I. ' ' Addressed to my Friends 
at Yale Collen-e, on my leaving them to join the Army;" II. "On the Revolutionary \^'ar in 
America;" III. "On the Prospect of Peace in 1783;" IV. "On Disbanding the Army;" V. "On 
Life-" VI. "On a Night-Storm at Sea;" VII. "On a Calm Morning which succeeded a 
Nio-ht-Storm at Sea ; " J VIII. "On the Immortality of the Soul;" IX. "On the Death of Major 
John Pallsgrave Wyllys ; " X. "On the IMurders committed by the Jacobin Faction in the Early 
Period of the French Revolution;" XI. "Addressed to his Royal Highness the Prince of Brazil, 
on my taking leave of the Court of Lisbon, July, 1797;" XII. "On receiving the News of the 
Death of General Washington." Also the following: " Mount- Vernon : An Ode;"** "The Genius 
of America: "A Song;"ft "Elegy on Lieutenant de Hart;" "Epitaph on Colonel Alexander 
Scammel;" "A Pastoral from the French;" and several humorous and other pieces not here given. 

ordered to be erected by Congress, at York-Town, to perpetuate the remembrance of the surrender of Lord 

(as will be seen on page 154) Col. Humphreys had the honor to bear from 

% "The two sonnets on a storm and calm at sea were composed on board the brig Sophia, a dispatch vessel of the United States,, 
purchased by the American government to carry the author to Europe in 1795." 

*» Written at Mount Vernon, August, 17S6. tf Wrillen in 1787, during the insurrection in Massachusetts. 

FA.MILV 29. 

348. Captain Amasa' Humphrey, ['74] (Esq. Hezekiak,* Capt. Samiid,' Sergl. John,^ 
Michael,') was born 12 Jan. 1758, in Simsbur)', Ct. He married, (i) in that tnwn, Lucys (dau. of 
Capt. Job*) Case: gr.-dau. of John and Abigail^ (Humphrey) Case. [F'am. 2 (24)8.-] She was 
born 14 Feb., 1767; and d. 25 Feb., 1795, in her 29th year.* He married (2) Abigail (dau. of 
Nathaniel) Griswold, of Windsor, Conn. Resided in Simsbury, Ct. , on the homestead. He was in 
the Revolutionary Arm)', at New York, when that city was taken by the British. He died in Sims- 
bury, 19 Feb., 1799, £e. 41 }ears ; was Sherift' of Hartford County at the time of his death. 

His monument, in Hop Meadow Burying-ground, at Simsbury, is adorned with Masonic em- 
blems, (the tessellated pavement, pillars, the Sun, Moon and Seven Stars, the Holy Bible, square 
and compasses, plumb, level, the All-seeing Eye, urn, etc.) The inscription says that he "possessed 
a sound mind & judgement, was cheerful, benevolent and agreeable. In life he was beloved, in 
death lamented.' 

The inventory of his estate, dated Mch. 13th, and exhibited Mch. 14th, 1799, amounted to 
;^i4o8. 1.6. Asa Humphreys, administrator, represented the estate as insolvent — debts /"625. 14. 1 1 ; 
was empowered to sell real estate to the amount of $488 ; necessaries were set out to widow 
Abigail for her support and "to enable her to bring up her child, and to pay the expenses of 
her lying in," — /"35.9.0. i Simsbury Probate liaords, iii., 448-54, 472; iv., 209, 301; v., 181.) 
Children ( hv 1st marriage ): 

349. I. Chloe/ married James Barton. Children: 

350. i. Edwin H.', m. . He died in 1864. His widow res. (18S3) Cowan, Franklin Co., 

Tennessee. ChilJren: (i) Frederick S.*, res. (1883) Cowan, Tenn.; (2) Norman,* re- 
moved with his mother and brother to Tennessee, after the death of liis lather; 
(3) ,« m. Brooks; res. (1883) De Graff, Ohio. 

351. ii. James." 

352. iii. Mary Alura," died, probalily in Buffalo, N. Y. 

353- iv- Theodore Darwin," b. 3 July, 1S08; d. 24 June, 1863, at Buffalo, N. Y. He married, 

27 July, 1833, at Oneida, N. Y., Alma Lucretia Taylor, born in that town, 22 Mch. 
1814, dau. of Asa and Amy (Otis) Taylor, of Durhamville, N. Y., formerly of North- 
ampton, Mass. Mrs. Barton died 10 Jan. 1877, Golden's Bridge, N. Y., at the residence 
of her daughter, Mrs. Strong. Children: (i) Leonora Alura," b. 30 Apr. 1834, 
Canastota, N. Y.; married, in IJuffalo, N. Y., 16 Oct. 1S55. William Ripley (jon of 
Oliver Ripley f and Margaret McLaren) Strong, of .Syracuse, N. Y., b. 10 July, 
1825, Onondaga, N. Y. Res. (1883) Golden's Bridge, Westchester Co., N. Y. Children: 
(a) Harriet Knower' (Strong), b. 24 and Sarah Britton) Hull, of N. Y. City. 

Sept. 1856, Syracuse, N. Y.; m. 27 Res. (1883) Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

Nov. 1872, Hans Gustave Adolf (son {c) Theodore D. Barton" (Strong), b. 24 

of Gustave Adolf and Adelgunde Oct. 1862, Buffalo; d. 5 Aug. 1864. 

Corsica) Strure, of Dresden, Saxony, (</) Margaret McLaren' (Strong), b. 9 

where they were residing in 1883. July, 1867, Buffalo; d. 23 Sept. 

No children. 1869. 

(1^) Leonora Barton" (Strong), 1). 6 Oct. (<•) Alma Barton' (Strong), b. i Jan. 

i860, Buffalo, N. Y.; m. i June, 1880, 1874, Golden's Bridge, N. Y. 

August Gerald (son of Dr. Amos G. 

* Inscription in Hop Meadow Burying -grotind. 
t Oliver Ripley Strong was born in Windham, Ct., 5 Aug. 1781 : and died at Syracuse, N. Y., 3 Oct. 1872. His wife Margaret 
McLaren was born in Callender, Scotland, 20 Sept. 1789; and died at Onondaga, N. Y., 15 Apr. 1872. 









Lucy,* d. 


(2) Mary Alma," b. 22 Jan. 1837; m. Oct. 1863, Franklin JohnSOn, Portland, 
Oregon; (3) Loretta Maria," b. 23 Jan. 1840; m. 7 Feb. 1865, Franklin Weld, 
Boston, Mass. Res. (1883) Seaverton, Dougherty Co., Georgia. Children: 

(«) George Francis" (Weld), b. 22 Apr. (r/) Lydia Gould " (Weld), j b. 11 Mcli. 

1866. U) Julia Bradlie» (Weld), \ '878. 

{b) Theodore Barton' (Weld), b. 12 (/) Humphrey Otis' (Weld), b. i Sept. 

Jan. 1868; died the same day. 1881. 

(<■) Alma Barton' (Weld), b. 8 July, 
1873; d. 10 Mch. 1874. 
(4) Minerva Eettibone," b. 12 Dec. 1841; m. Oct. 1863, Juan C. de Micr, New York 
City. Res. (1883) No. 38 South Broad St., Elizabeth, N. J. 
William . " 

Samuel,' died in Ohio many years ago. 
. 2 Nov., 1872, £e. 84, Southington, Ct. ; married (i) Elisha (son of Hewett) 
b. II Feb., 1786, Goshen, Ct. ; died in Albion, Erie Co., Pa. His father 
was a weahhy and influential citizen in Vernon, Oneida Co., N. Y. She married 
(2) in Hartford, Ct., 16 Mch., 1828, John Smith Phinney, b. 3 Jan., 1807, Farm- 
ington, Ct. , son of Martin Phinne}-, a native and resident of Farmington, and his 
wife Polly (Munson), who was born in Whately, Mass. Resided in Hartford thirteen 
years after marriage, and then removed to Southington, Ct., where ]\Ir. Phinney was 
Hving in 1882, Merchant, President of Savings Bank and Notary Public; has held 
various town offices. Children (by id viariiage ; born in Vernon, N. Y.): 

358. i. Birdsey " (Hills), died in infancy, at Vernon, N. Y. 

359. ii. Paulina" (Hills), died in Hartford, Ct., aged 22 years. 

360. iii. Humphrey Amasa ' * (Hills), b. 10 Aug. 1811: ni. (i) in Cranesville, Erie Co., Pa., 11 

Sept. 1834, Antha (dau. ot Georde and Eunice Green) Reed, of Cranesville, b. 3 May, 
1814, Pulaski, N. v.; d. 16 June, 1853, Albion, Erie Co., Pa. He married (2) Albion, 
Pa., II Dec. 1863, Louise Adelia (dau. of Hiram and Susan Powers) Williams, of 
Cranesville, Pa., born in that town, 15 June, 1833. 

Mr. Hills left Vernon, N. V., in 1822, and went to reside in Erie County, Penn- 
sylvania. Three years later, he commenced attending school at Meadville, Pa., where 
he continued three years. He then went to Albion, Pa., and served his apprentice- 
ship. Continued to reside in that place until November, 1863, when he removed to 
East Springfield, Erie Co., Pa., where he was residing in 1883. He has had various 
occupations; has been a carpenter and joiner, merchant, and (1883) agent of Phcenix 
Insurance Company, Hartford, Ct. 

In early manhood he was made constable, justice of the peace, school director, 
&c. In 1847, was elected county commissioner, and served three years; in 1850, was 
appointed to survey and establish the boundaiy line between Erie and Crawford 
counties, in conjunction with a commissioner from Crawford and from Warren county; 
was also, the same year, chosen Deputy U. S. Marshall to take the census in his dis- 
trict; in 1852, was sent as representative to the State Legislature, and again in 1853. 
Children (by jst marriage): (i) Charles Wilbur" (Hills), b. 31 Dec. 1835, Albion, Erie 
Co., Pa.; married Artimesia Hull. He served in the War of the Rebellion; was 
captain in 7th Iowa Infantry. He is a printer by trade. Res. (1883) Minneapolis, 

* He always writes his name as given in the record, although originally Amasa Humphrey. 


Minn. (2) Marquis Alonzo' (Hills), h. 27 Apr. 1837, Albion; m.irried Jennie Rosseau. 
He also served in the war, being 1st Lieut, in 3d Iowa Infantry. He is a machinist. 
Res. (1883) Des Moines, Iowa. Childrcit : 

(rt) Metta May" (Hills). (/') Addie ' (Hills). [Two others, names not given.] 

(3) Alice Paulina" (Hills), b. 5 Sept. 1838, Albion; married there, 19 Apr. rSsg, James 
Gerry Flower, who res. (1883) Jamestown, N. V. She died 11 Jan. 1873, Decatur, 
Mich.; no children. (4) Henry Harrison" (Hills), b. 10 Apr. 1S41, Albion; m. (I) Lora 
Welch who died; m. (2) Netta Parker. He served in the war; was in the 1st Col- 
orado Regiment. Oil producer; res. (1883) Goodull, McKean Co., Pa. Child (by 
jst marriage): 

(a) Lora" (Hills). 
(5) Mary .Adelaide « (Hills), b. 27 Mch. 1843, Albion; m. 18 Oct. 1864, Charles 
Van Sicklei a hardware merchant. They have no children; adopted Lora," dau. 
of Henry Harrison* (Hills). Res. (1883) East Springfield, Pa. (6) Winfield Scott* 
(Hills), b. to Apr. 1845, Albion; m. Hattie Murphy. He served in the Union Army, 
on board the U. S. ship, AVtc/ Ironsides; returned home in good health, as did also 
his brothers previously mentioned. Machinist. Res. (1883) Marshalltown, Iowa. Child: 

(a) Lottie" (Hills). 

(7) Lucy Estella' (Hills), b. 31 June, 1847, Albion; m. John James (son of Dr. Julius 
Steele and Laura Lewis) BameS. Farmer. Res. (1883) Southington, Ct. Children: 

(fl) Bertha Lucy" (Barnes). (r) Wilfred Edson" (Barnes). 

(b) Addie Louise" (Barnes). (</) Son," — (Barnes), b. 1882. 

(8) Humphrey Amasa' (Hills), b. 17 Sept. 1849, Albion; m. Amelia Peabody. Hard- 
ware merchant. Res. (1SS3) Lawrence, Van Buren Co., Mich. Children: 

(a) Glen" (Hills). (/<) Grove" (Hills). 

(9) Edgar Lazelle' (Hills), b. 4 Sept. 1S52, Albion; m. Louise Doty. Merchant. Res. 
(1883) Conneaut, Ashtabula Co., Ohio. Child: 

(a) Maud Louise" (Hills). 
(By 2d )}iarriage): (10) Willis Powers' (Hills), b. 14 June, 1855, Albion; m. Cora 
Sutton, dau. of C. S. Sutton, of Lawrence, Mich. Merchant. Res. (1883) Lawrence, 
Mich. (11) James Leroy ' (Hills), b. 28 Jan. 1857, Albion; was unmarried in 1883; 
res. East Springfield, Pa. (12) Victor P'remonf^ (Hills), b. 5 June, 1862, Albion; was 
unmarried in 1883; res. Lawrence, Mich. (13) Jessie May* (Hills), b. 30 Apr. 1871, 
East Springfield, Pa.; was residing there in 1883. 

361. iv. Elisha' (Hills), died in infancy, at Vernon, N. Y. 

362. III. Amasa.* He taught the district-school in Randolph, O. , one winter, when his brother 

Norman was residing in that town. After that time nothing was known concerning 
him by the family. 

363. IV. NoRjiAN,* b. 1793; d. 3 Jan., 1822, a;. 29; married Sarah Kennedy. Family 52. 

364. V. Rachel Lury,^ d. 18 Nov., 1795. -'In memory of Rachel Lury Humphry Daughter 

of Capt. Amasa & Mrs. Lucy Humphry, who Died Nov. 18, A. D. 1795, aged 10 
Months & 28 days. This child was given at the Decease of its mother to her 
uncle Ariel Case and Rachel his wife, by whom this monument is erected.' {In- 
scriplmi from Hop Meadmv Burying-ground. ) Mrs. Weld thinks she was named Rachel 
Alura, as Chloe'' named a daughter Mary Alura,^ [352] probably for this sister. 

365- Asa' Humphrey, ['75] (Es>j. Hatkiah,* Capl. Samuel,^ Strgl. John,'' Michael,^) 


was born i Sept., 1760, in Simsbury, Ct. He married (i) 31 Jan., 1786 ( Simsbury Records), 
Asenath 5 (dau. of Capt. Job '< and Joanna Wilco.x) Case, of Terry's Plain, in Simsbury. [Fam. 
2 (24), S.""] She \vas the sister cf Ariel ^ Case, vho married Celia^ (Humphrey) Weston, [Fam. 
33 (392), J-'] and of Lucy5 Case,, who married Capt. AmasaS Humphrey. [Fam. 29, J.^] She 
was bom 12 June, 1770, and died 10 Dec, 1795, Ee. 25 3'ears. He married (2) 8 May, 1796 
(Simsbury Records), Clarissa'* (dau. of Martin'' and Susannah 5 Humphre\') Humphrey. [Fam. 
25, S.=] She was born 17 Dec. 1775, probably in Simsbury. 

Mr. Asa Humphrey was repiresentative to the General Assembly of the State of Connecticut, 
from Norfolk, in 1797 (the May session). He died i March, 1831, oe. 70 years. 

Children ( b\< I si marriage): 
366. I. As.^,° b. 27 Aug., 1786; d. 29 Jan., 1843, a;. 56; m. Rhoda Moses. Family 53. 

11. Warren,'^ b. 19 July, 1788; died in Baltimore, unmarried. 
36S. HI. Asenath Melona,*^ b. 4 Apr., 1791 ; m. Levi Moses, and settled in Simsbury, Ct. 

IV. Ariel,* b. 19 INIch., 1794. 
( Bv 2d marriage ) : 

V. Ajiy,* b. 2 May, 1797; m. George Cornish, and had children. 

VI. Candace,* b. 17 Ma\-, 1799: m. 10 Feb., 1825, (Simsbury Records) Norton Hoskins, 
b. ID July, iSoi, d. 9 Nov., 1843, ^- 4^ ; settled in New York State; died in 
Simsbury, Ct. His wife survived him, and resided in Simsbury. Issue: 

372. i. James Bailey," b. 10 Jan. 1S26; m. Maria Dibble. 

373. ii. Norton Franklin,' b. 2 Feb. 1828; d. 10 Aug. 1844. 

374. iii. Watson Leverett,' b. 22 Jan. 1830; m. Frances Allen. 

375. iv. Candace Jcanette,' b. 4 Dec. 1831, m. U. E. Case. 

376. V. Francis Fayette,' b. 17 Nov. 1833; m. Mary E. Weston. 

377. vi. Edward,' b. 10 Nov. 1835; d. 6 Apr. 1837. 

378. vii. Laura Jane,' b. 24 Sept. 1837; m. John M. Hatheway. 

379. viii. Eliza Henrietta,' b. 25 Oct. 1839; m. W. 11. S. Bean. 

350. VII. Eliza. '^' b. 13 May, 1801 ; m. Salmon Booth, Jr. 

351. VIII. JiLiA,'' b. 20 Aug., 1S03 ; d. 29 Sept., 1868, x. 65, Simsbury. She was unmarried; 

■'born and lived in Simsbury." (Simsbury Records). 

382. IX. Martin Newton,^ b. 22 Sept., 1807. "Newton Martin Humphrey," aged 16 years, 
had a guardian appointed Oct. 24, 1S23. ( S. P. R., IX., 253). He removed to 
Vermont and there married. 


383. OziaS'' Humphrey, [176 J (Esq. Hezcklah,^ Capl. Samuel,^ Sergl. John,^ Michael,'-) 
was born i Dec, 1763, in Simsbury, Ct. He married (i) Polly McRay, of Ellington, Ct. , who 
died in 1802, it is thought, in Simsbury. The name of her father is not known, but he is said 

to have been one of five Scotchmen who came to this country together. He married (2) 

Hills, of Granby, Ct. He was a school-teacher; went South, after which nothing was heard from 
him by his relations. He is mentioned in his mother's will, dated 22 Sept., 1806. 

Children : 
3S4. I. Fanny,* b. about 1788; d. 17 Oct., 1876, ae. 88 years, Hartford, Ct.; was unmarried. 

• "CLirinda," in Tcmm Records; "Clara," in record of her father's family. Many of the dates relating to the family of Asa, are 
from the Simsbury Records. All the dates of birth of his children are derived from that source. 

3S5. II. Polly RIcRay/ b. 31 Aug., 1791, Simsbury, Ct ; d. 23 May, 1S79, ae. 87, Vernon 
Centre, N. Y. After the death of her mother she resided in Simsbury. with her 
aunt Mary 5 (Humphrey) Case. [See Fam. 13 (169), J.=] She went "West" with 
her cousin Lucy* (Humphrey) Hills [Fam. 29 (357), J. = j; and was married, 22 

Nov., 18 1 4, by Rev. Burchard, a Pres. minister in Vernon Centre, N. Y., to 

Elisha Pettibone, of that place, born August, 1787, Norfolk, Ct., son of Daniel 
Pettibone and his first wife, Elizabeth (Chittenden). He moved to Vernon Centre in 
iSio, and there died 16 Sept., 1859. Children: 

386. i. Minerva,' b. 24 Aug. 1816, Vernon Centre; married, in that town, Egbert (son of Zelotus) 

Harvey, who died in Buffalo, N. V., 5 Apr. 1S70, aged 62 years. She died 30 Sept. 
1879, Buffalo, X. V. No children. 

387. ii. Jay," b. i Oct. 1820, Vernon Centre; graduated at Union college, Schenectady, 1841; 

married, 19 May, 1849, in Phelps, Ontario Co., N. V., Susannah Smith, of P., born 
in that town, 23 Apr. 1832, dau. of Thomas and Sophronia Julia (Abbey) Smith, of 
P. He died very suddenly, in Cleveland, Ohio, 26 July, 1882; and was buried iii 
Buffalo, where he had resided for many years. 

From the various newspaper notices which appeared at the time of his death, we 
add the following : — 

His early life was passed in Oneida County, but he displayed an aptitude for 
business which was destined to draw him away from the quiet farming community 
of his parents, and to gradually place him in an active field of endeavor. He came 
to Buffalo, with his wife, in 1850; and bought a tract of timber land on Grand Island, 
from which he received stock for a wood-yard, which he conducted with much profit, 
before coal came into common use. Later, he started the spirit refinery whith has 
since turned out so profitable aa investment. 

He was a man of fine, large physique, excellently preserved; was active, shrewd 
and cautious in business matters, and to these traits his success was largely due. He 
was of very positive character, strong in his likes and dislikes, uncommunicative about 
his own affairs, but very genial with his friends. Children (born in Buffalo^ t-xcepting 
the youngest) : (I) Nora,' b. 9 Oct. 1851; res. (1883), No. 334 Pearl St., Buffalo, 
N. Y., unmarried; (2) Elisha," b. 2 Aug. 1855, d. 17 May, 1856, Buffalo; (3) Fred- 
erick,* b. II Nov. 1857; (4) -Anna," b. 7 Sept. 1859; married at Vernon Centre, N. Y., 
14 Dec. 1881, Edgar Francis Pierce, of Milwaukee, Wis. Res. (1883), Aberdeen, 
Dakota. (5) Jay," b. 2 June, 1862; (6) Julia," b. 23 May, 1864; (7) Charles Thomas,* 
b. II June, 1866, Vernon Centre, N. Y. 

358. III. Harlow,* — may have been a physician.* 

359. IV. Harriet,* probably married Hull, of Bath, Steuben Co., N. Y., who was, for 

several years, an Erie canal appraiser. 
390. V. Ly.max,* b. 16 Nov., 1799; '^- ^S Aug., 1853, a;. 54; m. (i) Margaret Southcard ; 
m. (2) Elizabeth Everhart. Fajiily 54. 


391. Capt. Joseph' Humphrey, ['78] (Joseph,^ Joseph,-^ Sergl John,^ Michael,') was 
born 24 Jan., 1743-4, in Simsbury. Ct. He married Annis^ (dau. of Jonathan and Martha* 
Humphrey) Pettibone, of S., born in 1746. [Fam. 4 (52), J.^] They settled in Simsbury, Ct. ; 
and were members of the Congregational church in that town, 1777. He was a farmer. 

• Mrs. Solley writes that she has often heard her father ,Col. Lyman Humphrey; speak of "his brother who was a doctor." 

Capt. Humphrey died 21 Sept., 1809, at Simsbury, ce. 65 years.* His will, dated Sept. 19, 
1809, was proved 8 Nov., 1809; mentions wife Annis, sons Joseph, Luke, Mark, and daughters 
Celia and Annis, who _had specific legacies ; amount of inventory (not footed, but) something over 
$6,000. Commissioners report on the distribution of estate Sept. 3, 18 10. {Simsbury Probate Rec- 
ords, vi., 186-193; vii., 20, 22, 30.) 

Mrs. Humphrey died 14 March, 182 1, k. 75 years.* The will of Annis Humphrey of Sims- 
bury, widow of Capt. Joseph Humphrey, was dated June 15, 1814, and proved April 9, 1821; 
mentioned children : Joseiili, Mark, Luke, Celia and Annis ; Celia was wife of Ariel Case and Annis 
of Oliver Filley. Inventory dated April 3, 1821; amount $409, 25; the sons appointed executors 
declined to serve. Joseph Humphrey, of Hartland, app. adni. with will annexed, Dec. 29, 182 1; 
distribution as per will. (S. P. P., ix., 9-13, 149, 150, 187.) 

392. L Celia,* b. 14 Apr., 1771 ; | d. 27 Mch., 1862, ae. 91; married (i) Noah Weston. 

She married (2) as 2d wife, before June 15, 1814 (the date of her mother's will), 
Capt. Ariel5 Case, b. 28 June, 1765, d. 17 Sept., 1827; son of Capt. Job ■* and 
Joanna (Wilcox) Case, of Terry's Plain, Simsbury, Ct. , and grandson of John and 
Abigail 3 (Humphrey) Case. [Fam. 2 (24), S."] No children. Capt. Amasas Hum- 
phrey married a sister of Capt. Ariel 5 Case. [See Fam. 29, J.=^] Children (by isi 
marriage ) : 

393.. 1. Rev. Horace" (Weston), married Betsey . He was a Methodist minister; died in 

Eilenville, N. Y. They had eight children. 

394. ii. Loren ' (Weston), b. 1794, Simsbury, Ct.; married Lura (dau. of Ariel) Case. Childrtti: 

(i) Jane* (Weston); (2) Ariel" (Weston); (3) Emerson' (Weston); (4) Mary* (Weston); 
(5) Ellen* (Weston), married Joseph Bartlet; res. (1882), Simsbury, Ct. 

395. iii. Almira " (Weston), b. in Simsbury; married Harvey Latimer; removed to Painesville, 

Ohio, where she died. Children: (l) Celia* (I.atimer), married Rev. R. H. Hulburt, 
M. D. Res. (1882) Marion, Iowa. (2) John Franklin* (Latimer), is deceased; (3) Jen- 
nette Filley* (Latimer), is deceased. 

396. iv. Laura' (Weston), b. 5 Oct. 1800, Simsbury; d. 30 Oct. 1874; married Lot Pinncy, of S., 

b. 3 Mch. 1794, d. 1837. Chihirai: (i) Chester* (Pinney), b. 8 Jan. 1826; (2) Celia 
Jennctte* (Pinney), b. 16 Dec. 1827; m. 1850, Julius Fenil ; res. (1882) New Britain, 
Ct. ClulJrai: 

(<;) Ida J.^ (Fenn), b. 30 Oct. 1852. (/') Mildred' (Fenn), b. 28 Jan. 1868. 

(3) Orator L.* (Pinney), b. Feb. 1829; is deceased. (4) Horace Dwight* (Pinney), b. 
12 May, 183;; married Laura A. Harrington, of Mayville, N. Y., where they reside 
(1882). (5) Orator Lot" (Pinney), b. 9 Sept. 1835; married Delight Rider. They have 
two children. Res. (1882) Mentor, Ohio. (6) Giles Franklin" (Pinney), b. 17 Oct. 
1837; married Elvaette Malleck. Children: 

(a) Franklin" (Pinney). [d] Jennette' (Pmney). 

(b) Maurice" (Pinney). ) ' (Pinney). 

((•) Victor" (Pinney). 

Joseph* ("ye first son,'') d. 9 Sept., 1777, a?. 3 3rs. , 10 mos. 

Mark* (")'e second son,") d. 16 Sept., 1777, £e. i }r. , 3 mos. 

Joseph,* b. 27 Oct., 1778 ;"f m. Betsey Phelps. Family 55. 

Mark,* b. 6 Feb., 1781, Simsbury; d. 10 Jan., 1864, se. 83;* died in S., of bron- 
chitis; was a farmer; unmarried. f 

:)n in Hop Meadmv BiiryiiigsrotifHi. t Simsbury Records. 










401. VI. Luke,'' b. 17 Jan. 17S4*: d. 8 Sept., 1847,! ^- 64; m. Nancy Gilbert. Family 56. 

402. Vll. Annis/ b. 14 Nov., 1785:! m. 8 May, 1805, Captain Oliver (son of Oliver and 

Tabitha Barber) Filley, of Wintonbury parish, (Windsor), now Bloomfield, Ct. He 
■was born 26 ]une, 1784, and was grandson of Nathaniel and Hannah (Moore) 
Filley, of Windsor. They settled in that part of Simsbury which is now Bloomfield,** 
^vhere their children were born, excepting the youngest two who were born in 

"After the decease of his father, which occurred when lie was twelve years old, 
he took the direction of the farm (on Cook Hill, Windsor) of which he subsequently 
came in full possession, retaining the same until his death. He was extensively en- 
gaged in both agricultural and manufacturing pursuits, and was highly respected by 
liis fellow-citizens, having represented them several times in the State Legislature. " ff 
He died in Bloomfield, Dec. 9, 1846, and was buried in the ancient burying-ground ; 
his remains were afterward removed to the new cemetery, where a family monument 
is erected. 

Mrs. Fillev was distinguished as a woman of great worth and abilitv. She sur- 
vived her husband many }ears, dying 16 April, 1868, a;. 83 years. JJ Childrm: 

403. i. Oliver Dwight," b. 23 May, 1806; married in Bloomfield, Cl., 24 Aug. 1S35, Chloc Vclina 

(dau. ol Eli and Chloe Hubbard) Brown, of B. He emigrated to St. Louis, Mo., in 
1829, where he engaged in the importation of tin-plate, and the manufacture and sale 
of tin-ware. 

"Possessed of extraordinary business talents and acquirements, he scon amassed 
a fortune, and gradually rose to a high position of influence and popularity among 
his fellow-citizens. He was one of the originators of the movement designed to make 
Missouri a free State; was elected mayor of St. Louis in April, 1858, the duties of 
which office he discharged with such success and satisfaction that he was compelled 
to accept a rc-nomination for that office in April, 1859, when after a warmly con- 
tested canvass, he was re-elected by a highly flattering majority." *** 

He was, during the rebellion, a sturdy and munificent Unionist. He is said to 
have been a zealous supporter of the Union Pacific Railroad enterprise, and a heavy 
owner. His death occurred 21 Aug. 1881, at Hampton, N. H., — a summer resort of 
the family. Childrin (horn in Si. Louis): (I) Oliver Brown," b. 24 Aug. 1836; m. 
(i) 21 June, 1865, .\ugusta O. La Vielle, who died in St. Louis, 21 Apr. 1866. He 
married (2) in St. Louis, 16 Oct. 1879, Mary Churchill McKinley. Iron manufacturer; 
res. (1883) St. Louis, Mo. Child (ly 1st marriage): 

(a) Charlotte Augusta,' b. 14 Mch. 1866, New Orleans; d. 23 May, 1S66. 
Childreii (by 2it viarriagej : 

(b) Mary Elizabeth,' b. 24 Sept. 1880, (c) Oliver Dwight,' b. 15 Jan. 1S83, 
St. Louis. Boston, Mass. 

(2) Cornelia Jennette,^ b. 25 June, 1839; d. 17 July, 1840, St. Louis. (3) Ellen,' b. 
25 May, 1841; m. 17 Jan. 1865, Thomas Tildcn RichardS, of St. Louis, son of 
Eben and Theoline (Tilden) Richards, of Boston, Mass. He died 24 May, 1881, Ee. 

* Inscription in I/op Meadmu Burying-ground. 
t Died 18 Sepl. i84;, ace. 10 S, J. Cliapman. 
+ Simsbury Records. 

** A small portion of the town of Simsbury was anne.\ed to Bloomfield. 
It Stiles' Hist. 0/ Ancient Windsor, pub. 1859; p. 613. 

XX Descendants of Oliver and Annis {Humphrey^ Filley are given in Loontis Genealogy , Female Branches, Vol. I., p. 321 : also in 
Stiles' Hist, a/ .Ancient Windsor. **» Stiles' Hist. 0/ Ancient Windsor, p. 616. 

40 yrs. and 6 mos. He was a mamifacturer of white lead. Children: 

(r?) Tilden Filley" (Ricliards), b. 15 Dec. (c) Oliver Filley ' (Richards), b. 29 
1868, St. Louis. Apr. 1876. 

' , (/') Thomas Tildeii ' (Richaid?), I.. 15 

Dec. 1870. 
(4) Maria Jeniiette," h. 3 Apr. 1843; 111. 20 Feb. 1867, John Tildeii Davis, b. 15 
Sept, 1844, St. Louis He is a dry goods merchant. Children (born in Si. Louis): 
(n) John Tilden' (Davis), b. 20 Jan. (c) Dwight Filley^ (Davis), b 5 July, 

1868. 1879. 

{/i) Samuel Craft" (Davis), b. 13 June, 
(5' Alicc,^ 1) 3 July, 1845; m. Robert Moore, of New Castle, Pa. Civil engineer. 
Child .■ 

(a) Charles Wliippo' (Moore), b. 2 Apr. 1880, St. Louis. 
(6) Henry Marcus,' b. 25 Nov. 1847; was unmarried (1883). He is a manufacturer 
of malleable iron. (7) Jeaunette,'' b. 20 Jan. 1850; m. ig June, 1877, Isaac Wyman 
IVIOrtOni of Quincy, III. He is in the hardware business. Child: 

(n) Alice ^ (Morion), b. 4 May, 1878, St. Louis. 
(8) Jolm Dwighl,~ b. 21 Feb. 1853; m. 16 Feb. i88i, Fanny Lowry Douglass, of St. 
Louis. He is a mamifacturer of malleable iron. 

404. ii Marcus Lucius,' b. 3 Nov. 1807; 111. in Otis, Ma^s., 18 Feb. 1835, Caroline Amelia Filley, 

dau, of Hon. Lester and Corinthia (Twining) Filley, of Otis, afterward of Lee, Mass. 
He is a stove manufacturer; engaged successfLilly in business at Lansingburgh, N. Y.; 
removed to Troy, N. Y., where he was residing in 1883. Children (born in Lansing- 
burgh): (i) Amelia," b. I Nov. 1836, died young, in Lansingburgh; (2) Corinthia 
Annis," b. 3 Nov, 1841; married William Se&rle, INI. D,, a homeopathic physician. 
Res. i.1883) Brooklyn, N. Y. '3) Emma Amelia," b, 2 Aug. 1844; died young, in 
Lansingburgh; (4) Frances Jennette," b. 17 Oct. 1846; died in St. Louis, while visiting 
her relatives; (5) Marcus Lester.* b. i Mch. 1850; married in Lansingburgh, N. Y., 
II Dec. 1S73, Julia Maria Child, b. 28 Sept. 1848, Buffalo, N. V., dau. of Pearley 
Augustus and Helen Maria (Pratt) Child, ol Brooklyn, N. Y. Iron foundry. Res. 
(1S83) Weslport, Ct. Children (born in Lansingburgh, iM. VJ: 

((?) Oliver Dwight," b. 14 Mcli. 1876. (e) Frederick Child,' b. 30 May, 1879. 

(/') Marcus Lester,' b. 18 Sept. 1877. 

405. iii. Jay IIum])hrey,' b. 13 Mch. 1810; married in Wintonbury, 25 Sept. 1833, Julia Ann 

(dau. of James and Sarah Butler) Newberry, b. 23 Feb. 1808, in W.; d. 14 Sept. 
1881, m Hartford, Ct. He was an agriculturist; resided for a number of years on 
the ancient homestead in Bloomfield, Ct. He removed to the city of Hartford, where 
he died 17 March, 18S3; was buried in Bloomfield. Children (born in thai part 0/ 
Simsbiiry which is now Bloowfuld) : (i) Marcus Dwight," b. 26 Nov. 1836; d. 28 Mch. 
1839, Bloomfield; (2) Louis James," b. 24 Dec. 1840; married at Bloomfield, 5 June, 
1866, Charlotte Barnard, of B. He is a farmer; res. (1883) Bloomfield. Ct, Children 
(born in Bloomfield) . 

{a) Grace Ely,'' b. 10 June, 1867. (c) Louis James,' b. 12 Aug. 1871; d. 

(/') Wilbur Jay,' b. 27 Dec. 1S68. 20 Sept. 1871, Bloomfield. 

{d) Julia Barnard,' b. 25 Sept. 1878. 
(3) Alfred Newberry," b. 18 July, 1844; m. New Britain, Ct., 18 Oct. 1866, Harriet 
Clemins, b. 9 Jan. 1843. No children. He is a farmer; res. (1883) Bloomfield, Ct. 

1 83 

406. iv. Joseph Earl," h. 3 Sept. lSi2; d. 27 Ocl. 1812, in Simsbuiy. 

407. V. Giles Fianklin," b. 3 Feb. 1815; m. in Hartford, Ct., 16 Sept. 1844, Maria Marilla 

Farriiigtoii, of H., born there, 21 Sept. 1822, dau. of Amos Farringtoii, of Wrentliam, 
Mass., and Mary (Boyden) of Walpole, Mass. He removed to St. Louis, Mo., about 
the year 1834. In 1849, he there established one of the most extensive stove foundries 
in the United States, called the "Excelsior Stove Works." In 1864, it was incorporated 
under the name of the "Excelsior Manufacturing Company," of which Mr. G. ¥. 
Filley was president (1883);— Nos. 612, 614, 616 & 618 N. Main St., St. Louis. He 
is a resident of that city,— a gentleman of eminent ability, enterprise and liberality. 
Children (born in Si. Louis) ■ (I) Giles Franklin,' b. 24 July, 1845; d 22 Aug. 1846, 
St. Louis; (2) John Eldridge," b. 8 Dec. 1846; d. 19 Oct. 1847, St. Louis; (3) Franklin 
lilair," b. 31 July, 1848; ni. in St. Louis, 14 Sept. 1870, Martha Georgene Frederick, 
b. 23 Apr. 1853, St. Louis, dau. of George Frederick, of France, and Martha Jane 
(Hill) of Charleston. Res. (1883) St. Louis, Mo. Children (born in St. LoiiisJ 

(rt) Giles Robert,'' b. 17 Aug. 1873. (b) Frank Herbert,' b. II Nov, 1874. 

(4) Charles Henry,' b. 24 Nov. 1850; m. in St. Louis, 7 Sept. 1873, Mary Elise (dau. 
of Thomas and Mary Frost) Ratcliffe, of Baltimore, Md., born in that city, 30 May, 
1856. Res. (1883) St. Louis, Mo. Child (born in St. Louis): 

(a) Mabel Fairington,' b. 22 May, 1876. 

(5) Herbert," b. 17 Mch. 1852; d. 9 July, 1854, Lansingburgh, N. V.; his rcm.iins 
were removed to St. Louis. (6) Robert Eldridge,' b. 5 Mch. 1855; m, St. Louis, li 
Dec. 1878, Cornelia Douglass Hopkins, b. 1857, St. Louis, dau. of John P. Hopkins, of 
that city, and Sarah Ann (McPherson) of Frederick, Md. Res. (1883) St. Louis, Mo. 
Child (born in St. Louis): 

(a) Louise Garneau,' b. 19 Nov. 1879. 

(7) Christopher Giles," b. 15 Mch. 1857; was unmarried (1883); res. St. Louis, Mo. 

(8) William Joseph," b. 14 Jan. 1859; mnnarried; res. St. Louis. Mo. (g) Victor 
Grant," b. 8 July, 1863, the day of the surrender of Vicksburgh to Grant,--hcncc 
his name; uninarried; res. St. Louis, Mo. All of the surviving sons in this family are 
associated with their father in business, Franklin Blair" being general superintendent 
of the Excelsior Manufacturing Company, Charles Henry," vice-jiresident, Robert 
Kldridge," cashier, and the others occupying various departments about the works. 

408. vi. Annis Jennette,' b. 9 Jan. 1817; married in Bloomtield, 24 May, 1854, Samuel John 

Chapman, b. 6 May, 1822, Becket, Berkshire Co., Mass., son of Samuel Chap- 
man, of E., and Hannah (Abbott) who was a descendant of George Abbott, one of 
the early settlers of Andover, Mass. He is an artist. Res. (1883) Springfield, Ma>s. 

409. vii. John Eldridge,' b. 13 Dec. 181S; m. Bloomtield, 6 Mch. 1843, Reliccca CaroUne (dau. 

of Israel) Phelps, of B. He died 15 Mch. 1846, Bloomfield; was a farmer. No 


410. ThaddeUS'' Humphrey, f'SsI {Litul. Nalhanid,^ Esq. John,^ Dea. John,^ Sergl. 
John,^ Michael/) was born in 1769, .Simsbury, Ct. He married Lucretia Pinney, born in 1770, at 
S. She was baptized 23 June, 1771 ; and dau. of Lieut. Abraham and Lucretia (Barnard) Pinney, 
of .'^codand Parish, Simsbury, Ct. She died in 1852, at Metuchen, N. J.* 

Mr. Humphrey died in iSoi. The inventory of his estate was dated June 12th, 1S05 ; 
amount $69.90; Dositheus Humphrey, appraiser, [Fam. 35, J.^] January 7th, 1806, the widow 

• "They liad children, and ren-oved to Woodbridge, N. ]." Stiles' Hist. 0/ .An.,\.nl u;n,tsar. 


I-ucretia asked for an allowance to enable her to bring up the youngest children ; $36 was granted, 
and for support of self and family for first year, $30.60; expenses /" ( Simsbury Probalt 
Records, v., 38.) 

Children : * 
411. I. Thaddeus,' b. 8 June, 1791; d. 19 Nov., 1S72, ae. 81 ; ni. Parentha'' Bodwell. 

Family 57. 

41^. II. LiTRETiA,' b. 30 July, 1793; d. 20 Feb., 1S75, a;. 81; ni. 18 July, 1813, Eri 
Ensign, b. 6 P'eb., 1792, Simsbury; died in that town, 1857; was son of Isaac 
and Lurannah Ensign, of S. Children •.■\ 

413. i. Eri Samuel,' t I'- 15 Aug. 1814; <l. 10 June, 1815 

414. ii. Lucretia Amelia,'! b. 16 Nov. 1816; m. Fowler; res. 1882, Newton Falls, Ohio. 

415. hi. John Nathaniel," b. 2 Apr. 1819; res. 1882, Newton Falls, Ohio. 

416. iv. Erastus Humphrey," b. 5 Aug. 1821; res. 18S2, Newton Falls, Ohio. 

417. V. Eri Samuel,' f b. 24 Aug. 1823; res. 1882, Newton Falls, Ohio. 

418. III. Rosalinda.'** , 

419. IV. Erastls,7 b. 1795; married Sallie Daniels. She died 1877. He res. (1SS2) 

Rletuchen, N. J. 

420. \'. David,' b. 5 Oct., 1S04; m. Caroline Clapp. Family 58. 

FAMILY 3:1. 

421. Capt. Amaziah'' Humphrey, [2171 {Bauyah:= Sergl. Benajah,^ Dea. John,' Sergi. 
John,^ Michael.') was born 28 Jan., 1754, in Simsbury, Ct. "Amaziah Humphry, aged 16 years, 
without parents, chose Svlvanus Humphry as his guardian, Apr. 30, 1 771. "ft (See I''am. 21, S. ^| 
He married, 24 Nov. 1774,1! Elizabeth (dau. of Philip and Rhoda) Harris. They were members 
of the Cong, church in Simsbury', 1777. The dates of birth of their children are found recorded in 
that town. He was chosen Town Clerk in 1805; Representative to General Assembly from Sims- 
bury, with Col. (jeorge5 Humphreys, Oct., 1797 [See Fam. 34, S. = j; was also representative, 1799, 
iSoo, 1805 (in May); at the last-named date with Esq. James'' Humphrey. 

He died 26 Feb., 1822, k. 68 years. J| His will was administered on by Dositheus Hum- 
phre\-, 20 Mch., 1S22; inventor\- of personal estate, $145.70: real estate, $2,584.75; distribution" 
made to heirs, Apr. i;, 1S23: viz.: Elizabeth wife of I'".lijah \\'ilco.x ; Caroline Case; heirs of 
Dianthe Case, dec.'': heirs o( Dorcas Case, dec.'': Rhoda Humphrey; heir of Hepzibah Wilcox, 
dec.''; — widijw ]\lizabctli Ilumphre}' her dower. — ( S. P. Ii., i.\., 119, 120, 322-326.) 

422. I, r.LiZABF.TH," b. 28 Aug., 1 775 ; *** ui. Elijah Wilcox. 

423. II. Caroline,' b. lo Aug., 1777; d. 13 Aug., 1S50, a.-. 73; m. Philander*' Case,ttt 

3 Apr., 1796. He was born at Simsbury, C'L, 7 Nov., 1774; d. iS Nov., 181 5; 

* Names given in ihe will of liis mother Lucy. Simsbury Proh. Rcc. viii., 344, 346. ix . 168-170) Had ' Th.iddeus, Lucretia, 
Erastus, Rosa, and lust 5i>me others, -.icc to the widow of Campbell Humphrey, IFam 66, J j 

\ Dates of birth according to the Stmsbitry Records. 

4 Names given as Samuel E and Amelia L., by the family 

** For inlormatwn concerning Rosalinda we were referred to Lucretia Tappan, Woodbridge, N. J., (1S82); no reply to our 
letter received. 

11 Simsbury Records. 

tt Inscription in Hop .Mciuiow Bttryin^-sround. 

**' She was living 15 April, 1823, 

ttl Goodwin's Genealogical Xoles, p. 293— Their date of marriage and dates of birth of their children are recorded at Simsbury- 







4 30. 









was son of Barlholomew 5 and Riuh^ (Owen) Case, of Weatogue, Simsbury. [See 
Fams. 2 (5) and 4, S. -j Childrai: 
i. Amaziali," li. 26 .M.iy, 1793. 
ii, Milton," li. 15 .\y\-. iSoo. 

iii. Tamnm Losett," li. 2 Mth. 1S02; ni. 20 May, 1S21, Chaimcey Case, of Canton, Ct. 
iv. Caroline," b. 13 Mtli. 1S04. 
V. Ruth,' b. 24 Apr. 1S06. 
vi. Emma,^ lj. 29 June, iSoS. 
Amazi.\h,' b. 4 Oct., 1779; d. 20 Oct., 1779, ae. 16 ds. 

Hepzibah,7 b. 25 Feb., 1781 ; m. James Wilcox, 2S June, 1S04.* He was born in 
Simsbur)-, Ct. , 13 Nov., 1775. Children: 

i. Son, "who instantly ilied,' b. 3 Jiuic, 1805. 
ii. James,' b. 15 A])r. 1807.' 
Di.\NTHE," b. 27 Nov., 17S2;* m. Calvin (son of and Athildred Curtis) Case. 
He was born in 17S2, and d. 18^9. His 2d wife was Sarah' Case, a tiescendant 
of Dea. Joseph and Hannah^ (Humphrey) Case, of Simsbury, Ct. jFani. 3 (36), J.-*] 

435. VI. DoRc.\s,7 b. 3 ]\Ich.. 17S5;* ni. Grandison^' Casc, b. 6 Feb., 17S1. He was son 

of Capt. Iiartholomew 5 and Ruth^ (Owen) Case of Weatogue. The 2d wife of Bar- 

tholomew \\as ]\lar_\ 5 (dau. of Hezekiah ■•) Humphrey. [Fam. 13 (i6y), J.'] 

436. VII. RHOD.v.'Jb. 27 Oct., 1787.*-^ 

fa:mily 35. 

437- DositheUS'' Humphrey, 1 230] (E/is/m.i Scrg/. Benajah,^ Dea. John,i Sergl. John,^ 
j]/ic/iac/.' j wa.s born 20 Apr., 1775, ft Smisburv, Ct. He married Louisa (dau. of John Gridley 
and Phebe Case) Terry, JJ 21 Feb., 1799, 1 Swnliurv I^ccords j.*** She was born 4 May, 1776, 
Simsbury. He was a farmer; also a surveyor. The dates of birth of their children ;'re lound in 
Simduiy Records, and likewise in the Famdy Praur-hook, dated 1793. Dositheus Humphrey and 
Ins wife were admitted to membership in the Cong, church m Simsbury, in 1818. 

He died 7 June, 1S53, a;. 78 _\-ears. ttt ^hc died 10 Sept., 1866, ae. 90 \ears.J|J 
Children : 

438. I. Phebe. 7 b. 14 Nov, 1799; d. at Hartlord, Ct., 14 Feb., 1S71, a;. 71 : m. Calvin 

Northrop; no children. They were admitted to membership in the Cong, church 
in Simsbury, 1S24. He is said to have built the house in which Benajah ' Hum- 
phrey [Fam. 60, J. = l lived. Dositheus* Humphrey lived in the first house north of 
Benajah's, on the west side of the road, and Simeon,"' brother of Dositheus," lived 
across the wa}-. [Fam. 19 (233),J. = J Fugene C.^ Humphrey [Fam. 60, J. = ] lived 
(1S71) on the homestead of Elisha.^ The next house south was the home of 
Capt. Amaziah'' Humphrey. [Fam. 34, J.=^l 

439. II. Anso.v,' b. 2 Oct., 1802 ; m. I'mily Hayden. P'.vmilv .j'J. 

440. III. Ben,\jah,7 b. 4 Dec, 1803 ; m. Olive Goodwin. Famii.v UO. 

* she died before 15 Apr. 1S23. — date of distribulion of the estate of Capt .\mazi.ih Humphrey. 

t Names and dates of this tamiiy are according to the Siiiislfttry Records. 

% She was living 15 .^pril. 1823. 

** Miss. Rhnd-i Humphrey died Sept. 10, 1864, aged 77 years. Inscription in //»/ Meadaiv Buryiitg-groiind. 

I I Simsbury i.ccords. 

X\ Lovisa Terry, ace. to one authority. , 

**' Date from Family Prayer-book, ot the year 1793. [Sec Fam. i3 21S;, ].\ 

III Inscription in Uop Meadow Buryins-ground, Simsbury Records, and the Fajit. Fraycr-hoak. 
t^t Inscription in Hop .Meadoiv Burying-gronnd 








Chloe,7 b. II June, i8o8; d. i6 Jan., 1809, se. 7 mos., 3 ds.* 
LuRA,7 b. 3 Nov., 1809; d. 5 May. i860, x. 50; unmarried.f 

Sarah, 7 b. 24 June, 1812; d. 6 May, 1866. J x. 54; m. Josiah Hough, of Collins- 
ville, 16 June, 1852;** no children. |t 
44+. VII. Laura,7 b. 9 Mch., 1S16: d. 26 Oct., 817, IfJ se. i yr. 


443- Benoni'' Humphrey, L235] ( Bmoni,^ Sagl. Benajah,* Dea. John,-i Scrgt. John,' 
jMiihael,' ) married Abigail (dau. of Jonathan) Latimer. Resided in Simsbury, Ct. 

He died 8 Aug., 1808, as. 38 years.*** His will, dated Aug. ist, 1808; was proved Sept. 
6tli, 1808, before Judge Georges Humphreys, [Fam. 34, 3.=]; mentions wife Abigail and son Latimer 
Lester Humphre_ys ; inventory, dated 26 Aug., 1808, was presented Sept. 6, 1808: amount, $495,10; 
$38.56 was allowed the widow. (Simsbury Prob. Rec, vi., 31, 32, 33, 253-4.) 

446. I. L.\TiMER Lester,' born about 1806. Mch. ist, 1810, (being then 4 years old) he was 

placed under the guardianship of Asaph 'Fuller. (Simsbury Prob. Ra., vi. , 250.) Fie 
married Sophia Griswold. 


447- Levi*" Humphrey, [245] ( Michael,^ Dea. Michael,'* Dea. Jolm,^^ Serg/. Joliii,- Mii/iael,' ) 
was born i May, 1765, Simsbury, Ct. He married, (i) 1788, Lorania Eaton, of Canton, Ct., whose 
parents removed, about 1790, to Burlington, Ct. She was born in 1769. He settled in Simsbury, 
and there he resided till his death. "Lorain" Humphrey, wife of Levi, was adrnitted to the 
Cong, church in that town, 1789. She died 16 Aug., 1833, £e. 64 years. ftt "Levi Humphrey 
m. [2J Jan. 13, 1834, Mrs. Polly Curtis, both of Simsbury." — Simsbury Records. He died 6 Aug., 
1845, 32. 80 }cars. 

Children : 
448. I. Lorain,? b. 17S9; d. 24 May. i8i3.tJ| 

Amanda, 7 b. 1790; d. 15 Apr.. 1832, se. 42; was buried in Bushy Hill Cemeter\. 
Levi Wooster,? b. 28 Apr,. 1792; d. 2 Apr., 1850, se. 58; m. (i) Mary Fowler; 

m. (2) Betse_\' Stiles. Family 01. 
David,' b. 1795; d. 20 Apr., 1826, k. 30. 

Melissa,' b. 1799; ni. 30 Sept., 1824, (Simsbury Records) Asahel Collins, uf Bark- 
hamsted, Conn., and settled in Saugerties, N. Y., where he died. He was a 
manufacturer of a.xes. They had seven children, four daughters and three sons. She 
was living in 1870, probably in, or near, Canton, Ct. 

453. VI. Hannah,' b. 1801; d. 19 Apr., i8i9, a;. 18; unmarried. 

454. VII. Adnah,' b. 2 Mch., 1803; m. Caroline Stowe. Family 62. 

* Inscription in //(?/ Metidoiu Burying-ground, Simsbury Records, and the Fatn. Prayer-book. 

1 Inscription in Hop Meadmv Buryitig-ground ; Simsbury Records give: "Lum Humphrey, aged 50 oorn and lived m 
Simsbury: single." 

X 7 May, 1866, ace. to another authority. 

*' Date from I'amily Prayer-book, of the year 1703- 

It Josiah Hough w,is -of Canton" at the date of his marriage, and Sarah Humphrey "of Simsbury ; " Simsbury Records. 

XX Simsbury Records. 

*** Inscription in ("0/ Meadolo Blirying-ground. 

1tt "Lorany Humphrey d. 16 Aug 1833, aged 72."— Inscription in Bushy Hill Cemriery. 

in "Miss I.oraii Humphrey d. May 21, 1813, aged 24 years ■•—In~.;ription in 1 1 of ^fendmi' Burying-grouiid 

















455- Gurdon^ Humphrey, '246] ( Muhatl,= Dea. Mu/hul.* I)ai. John,^ Sergt. John," 
Michael,') was burn 19 July, 1767, in Simsburv, Ct. He was married in West Simsbury (now 
Canton) by Rev. Jeremiah Hallock, at the parsonage, [See Fam. 18, S. =] 8 March, 1799, to 
Mindwell (dau. of WilHam and Phebe Palmer) Rtiberts, of W. S. , born in that town 2 March, 1769. 
Mr. Humphrey, after his marriage, continued to reside on the homestead, which was in the 
Bushy Hill district; was a farmer and blacksmith. He died 6 April, 1831, as. 64 years, Simsbury, 
and was there buried. Eliza Humphrey was appointed one of the admmistrators on his estate. 
May 17th, 1831. ( Simsbuiy Proh. Ric, .xi., 69-72,) His widow died 20 Sept., 1833, ae. 64 years.* 

Children (boni in Simsbury): 
456. I. Eliza, 7 b. 19 July, i8d2 ; married in CoUinsville, Ct., September, 1842, James (son 

of John James and Mary Adams) Spencer, born 25 Oct., 1815, in Hartford, Ct. , 
where his parents resided. She died 17 January, 1853, ae. 50 years. New Haven. 
Ct. ; was buried in CoUinsville. No children. Mr. Spencer has been a teacher of 
music for many years; res. (1883) CoUinsville, Ct. 
AcHSAH,' b. 2') February, 1804; res. (1883) Canton, Ct. ; unmarried. 
HoEL,7 b. 19 July, 1805: d, 6 Januarv, 1808, Simsbury. f 
Amelia,' b. 19 October, 1806; res. (1SS3) Canton, Ct. • unmarried. 


460. Richard'' Humphrey, [260] (Miihinl,= Dca. Michael,^ Dea. John,^ Scrgt. John," 
Michael,'') was born in 1780, He married (i) 19 Oct., 1799, M^-'T Ja-ne (dau. of Johnson and 
Mary Harris) Cleaveland, of Canton, Ct. , born m 1782. They settled in Simsbury, Conn., where 
she died 27 IMay, 1815,3;. 32 years. He married (2) Sarah (dau. of Ebenezer and Diantha 
Hutchinson) Aliller, of Avon, Ct. He was a farmer. 

He died 3 Dec, 1818, as. i^ years. December 7, 181 8, administration on his estate was 
granted to Levi'' Humphrey, [Fam. 37, J. = |; inventory, Dec. 11, 1818; amount, $346.04; $116.25, 
set off to widow Sally for her comfort and support. {S. P. P., \iii., 314, 316, 395.) Mrs. 
Humphrey died in Avon, and was tiiere buried. 
Children { bv 1st marriage): 

461. I. Sylvia,' b. 11 May, 1801 ; d. 12 Oct., 1828, k. 27; m. 8 Sept., 1823, Chester 

Wilcox, of .\von, Ct. They settled in Simsbury, Ct. , and there died; Mr. Wilcox 
probably d. in 1832. Children: 

462. i. Nancy,* b. 29 May, 1824: t 111. Ht-m-y Hosford, of Canton, Ct., i Mcli. 1S43. Slie 

(lied, about 1872, in that town. Ik- was a native of Goshen, Mass., and a nephew 
of Rev. Jeremiah Hallock; witli one of whose sons, he went to reside at Canton, 
when a yonth. [Fam. 18, S.-] In 18S2, was a farmer in Canton; and there his children 
were born. Chilih\n: (i) Wiiliam Ilenry^ (Hosford), 1). i Dec. 1843; (2) George 
Chester'^ (Hosford), b. 27 May, 1846; (3) Sylvia Nancy" (Hosford), b. 22 Oct. 1851; 
(4) Addison Edward » (Hosford), b. 20 Apr. 1S58. 

463. ii. Seth,» b. 7 Jan. 1826;** m. Harriet .4. Nelson, 7 .\pr. 1851. They res. (1882) Ithaca, 

N. Y. Children: (i) Wallace J.'; (2) Frank N.»; (3) Frederick.' 

• Inscription on tombstone in Bushy Ilili Cemetery. 

t ■■Hoel son of Gurdon Humphreys & Mmdweil his wife, d. Jan. 20, i8o8, aged 3 years,"— Instnplion m Hop Mea,iem, 

J Bom 29 Sept., ace. to Miss Achsah Humphrey [Fam. 38 (457).] 
** Born 7 Oct., ace to Miss Achsah Humphrey. 


464. II. Nancy,7 b. 24 Jul}-, 1803; d. in Simsbury, 7 Sept., 1818, Ee. 35 years; unmarried. 

465. III. Emily,' b. 5 Oct., 1806; m. Lester Noble. Tliey resided in Candor, N. Y. ; had five 

children ; removed to Wisconsin. Parents and children are said to be deceased. 

466. IV. RoxY,7 b. 9 Oct., 1809; d. 26 Nov., 1881. x. 72; m. James Darwin (son of Col. 

James) Cornish, 29 Oct., 1828.* He was born in Simsbury, and died there, 15 
Mch. 1852, K. 44. t Children: 

467. i. Sarah Maria," b. 5 Sept. 1830. 

468. ii. Richard Wallace," b. 29 Sept. 1834. 

469. iii. Charlotte Pettibone," b. 7 Apr. 1844. 

470. iv. Andrew William," b. 30 Jan. 1850; d. 3 July, i860, re. 10 yrs., 5 mos. 

471. V. RicH,\RD Cromwell,' b. 7 Nov., 181 1; m. Delia Ursula Moses. Family 63. 
( Bv 2d marriage ) : 

472. VI. Jeffrey,' who was living West, in 1883. 


473- Daniel Granville' Humphrey, L2781 (Noh. Daniel,-' Dea. Miehaei,^ Dea. john,^ 

Sergt. John,'' Miehael,' ) was born 14 June, 1766. He married, 26 Dec, 1791, Lucretia (dau. of 
Capt. Jonathan and Mary Hart) Eno,J of Simsbury, Ct., b. 13 Feb., 1771. They settled in 
Simsbury, but subsequently removed to Torringford, and there died ; were both members of the church 
in that town. He was a selectman, 1817-1819. 

He was a man of large' stature, — a farmer, — respected by all in the community as an honest, 
thriving citizen. He reared his family under Christian influences, and all became respectably con- 
nected. He died 25 June, 1831, a;. 65 years. Mrs. Humphrey died 20 Jan., 1835, a;. 64 j-ears. 
Children : 

474. I. Lucretia Philena,' b. 9 Aug., 1793; d. June, 1847, «• 54; m. Sullivan Cone, 17 

Oct., 1815 ; removed to Chautauqua Co., N. Y., and raised 'a family. He died 30 
July, 1833, re. 42 years. 

475. II. Daniel Granville,' b. 22 Sept., 1795; d. 23 Sept., 1858, ae. 63; m. Eliza Burr. 

Fajiily G1. ' 

Polly M.'** 

Mary E.'ff b. 13 Aug., 1797: m. 12 Oct., 1820, Gaylord (son of Ezekiel) Hayes, 
of Barkhamsted, Ct. |See Fam. 67, J. = |; removed to Illinois, and there died, 8 
Dec, 1843, 26. 46 years. He died 28 April, 1855 Children: 

1. Samuel," res. Farm Ridge, 111. 

ii. Cornelius," was an officer in the Union army, in the War of the Civil Rebellion. [One 
of tliese sons formerly edited a paper called the Circleville Recorder, in Circleville, 
Ohio. He afterwards sold out, intending to go to the far west. There were four 
other children whose names have not been ascertained.] 


480. Alexander Campbell' Humphrey, Esq., [279! (Hon. Daniel,-- Dea. Michael,-^ 

Dea. John,' Serg/. John,- Miehael,') was born 30 Jan., 1768, in Simsbury, Ct. He married Susannah 

* Tmim Rec. gives date as '30 Oct 1828.' 

\ Died 14 Mch., ace. to Miss Achsah Humphrey 

t Stiles' Hist. 0/ Ancient Windsor 

** This child is not mentioned by Judge Dudley Humphrey fFam 45. J 1 in his records —may have died youiiy. 

11 Polly M . b. 13 Aug 1797, d Dec, 1843, aged 46 years —ace. to James D Humphrey. [Fam. g8, J.J 







{dau. of Capt. Joseph) Higley, of Simsbury, Ct. , and there resided. He died in that town, as 
the result of accident, 17 Nov., 182S, se. 61 years.* His widow resided with her daughter, Mrs. 
Timothy Hayes, of Barkhamsted, Ct. , till her death, which occurred m February. 1S55, at the age 
of 90 years. 

Esquire Humphrey enjoyed the confidence and respect of the community in which he lived ; 
had been Justice of the Peace, 1806-18 18, an'd member of the State Legislature, 181 2 and 18 13, 
(Mav session). He was a farmer, a man of large stature and commanding presence, of decided 
social habits and strongly attached to his friends. 

"Campbell Humphrey, of Simsbury," — Alexander and Matthew Humphrey appointed admin- 
istrators on his estate, Nov. 29, 1828; com. appointed, and six months allowed to creditors, Dec. 
22, 1828; inventory taken, Jan. 30, 1829, — amt. $2,999.26. Widow Susanna, $149.71; — her third 
set off. Real estate ordered to be sold to raise $907.15. (Simsbury Prob. Rec, x., 502-11.) 

Children : 
481. I. Rachel,' b. 1789; d. Sept., 1867, oe. 78; m. Zaccheus Chidsey,t of Avon, Ct., a 

shoemaker. They had seven children, three sons and four daughters. He died 

in 1850. 

n. Alex.akder,' b. 25 Sept., 1791 ; d. 4 Rrch., 1870, se. 78; m. Abigail Chapman. 
Family G5. 

483. HI. Campbell,' b. 22 Nov., 1793; d. 10 Dec, 1843, ae. 50; m. Dolly Goodwin 
Williston. Family 66. 

HiRAM,' married Mary Adams. Family 67. 

Eunice,' married Moses King. They settled in Vermont; had one son. She was 
living in 1830, at the date of her sister Cynthia's will. 

Cyrus,' d. 14 Mav, 1815, ce. 14 ; J died of spotted fever. 

Sarah,' b. 27 May, 1803; m. Dea. Timothy Hayes, of Barkhamsted, (Hartland 
Society),** 24 May, 1826, (Simsbury Records.) He was born 20 Mch., 1801. 
Children ; 

488. i. Hoyt,' m. Elmira Giddings, niece of Hon. Joshua Giddings. They had three children. 

489. ii. Susan J.," resided (1869) with her parents, in Barkhamsted, Jt. 

490. VHI. Cynthia,' d. 30 Oct., 1830, ae. 25;! died of putrid fever, in Simsbury, Ct. ; was 

unmarried. Her will was dated Oct. 11, 1830, and proved Nov. 30, 1830; Matthew 
Humphrey executor; mentions her "honored mother," name not stated; brothers: 
Alexander, Hiram and Matthew; gives a share to her niece "Sarah Humphries," 
daughter of her brother Campbell, instead of to Campbell ; sisters ; Rachel, wife of 
Zechariah Chidsey, Eunice, wife of Moses King, Sally, wife of Timothy Hayes, and 
Susan Humphreys. — (Simsbury Prob. Rec., xi., 224.) 

491- IX. Matthew,' b. 24 Aug., 1807; m. Lucilda Barber. Family 68. 

492. X. Susan,' m. 30 Sept., 1833, (Simsbury Rec.) Jarvis (son of Russell) Barber, brother of 
Matthew's wife; settled in Middletown, Vt. He is styled, "of Middletown, Vt.," at 
date of marriage, and Susan "of Simsbury." They had three sons. He res. (1869) 
N. Granville, N. Y 

* Inscription in //^/ A/mdo-.u Biirying.groutid —" CsLmpheW Humphrey, Esq d Nov 17, 1828. aged 61 " 

1 His name is riven .is '■Zechariah ' in the will of Cynthia Humphrey, and "Zaccheus ■ by the widow of Campbell Humphrey, and 
bv Judge Dudley Humphrey, [Fam 45, J, J 

i Inscription in //op /^leadffiv Burying-ground. 

** Of Granby, ace. to the widow of Campbell Humphrey. 











493- Philander'^ Humphrey, M. D., [280] (Hon. Daniel^ Dea. Mk/mtl,* Dea. John,i 
Sergl. John,^ Michael,^) was born 23 June, 1770, in Simsbury, Ct. He married in Hartland, Ct., 
May, 1799, Anna (dau. of William and Anna Burnham) Selby, a native and resident of Hartland, 
b. 9 Dec, 1776. He there settled in the practice of medicine; and is said to have died of croup, 
9 Feb., 1823, aged 52 years. His widow resided, subsequently, with their son Darwin ^ Humphrey, 
at Granville, Ohio, and there died, 5 Sept., 1859, se. 83 years. 

The temperament of Dr. Philander, as well as of his brothers Chauncey and Dudley, partook 
largelv of the nervous bilious, — predisposing them to occasional attacks of hypochondria. In his 
youth. Dr. Philander was a very successful school-teacher. After acquiring his profession his prac- 
tice became very large, and many medical students studied under him, some of whom were 
afterward distinguished physicians. He was representative to General Assembly, 1813 (October 
session); 1814, '16, '18 (May session) ; 1820 — (one annual session at this date). He had a full, fresh 
face and a tall, fine figure ; abounded in fun and anecdote. 
Children (born in Hartland, Ct. ) : 

494. I. Eliza, 7 b. 2 Feb., 1800; d. 14 Apr., 1S60, se. 60; resided in Granville, Ohio, and 

there died ; was unmarried. 

495. II. Phelps,^ b. 7 Dec, 1800; d. i Aug., i860, £e. 60; m. Maria Holcomb. Family 69. 

496. III. Melissa, 7 b. 23 Oct., 1802; d. 15 Oct., 1869, se. 67; m. May, 1S23, Samuel 

Skinner, of Hartland, Ct. His name was originally Samuel Strong, — b. 22 Apr., 
1794, son of Ebenezer and Abigail (Smith) Strong, of Bolton, Ct. ; * but, his mother 
dying when he was quite young, he was adopted by his aunt Fanny Skinner and his 
name changed. He died in Hardand ; and Mrs. Skinner, in Berlin, Ct. , at the 
house of her daughter Mrs. Clapp, with whom she had resided. Children: 

497. i. Lucy Ann,* d. Dec. 1843, aged 18. 

498. ii. Harriet," d. Aug. 1843, aged 16. 

499. iii. Fanny Selby,* m. Increase Butler Cla.pp, of East Windsor, Ct., a farmer. He kept a 

custom flour-mill in Granville, Ohio, for five years. Res. (1870) Berlin, Ct.; (1882) 
Pasadena, Los Angeles Co., California. Children: (i) Edwin C (Clapp), b. 16 May, 
1851; (2) George W.' (Clapp), b. 28 Jan. 1856; m. in Tariffville, Ct., 21 Sept. 1882, 
Mattie (dau. of Frederick and Ellen Selby) Pickett, of T. Res. (1883) Pasadena, Cal. (3) 
Anna S.' (Clapp), b. 18 June, 1S59; (4) Albert B.' (Clapp), b. 3 Oct. 1S62. 
IV. Harriet,' b. 24 Mch., 1804; d. 26 July, 1879, as. 75; unmarried. She resided with 
her sister, Mrs. Wheeler, at Warner, N. H. 
Nancy, 7 b. 16 Feb., 1806; d. in Hartford, Conn., 23 Jan., 1864, se. 58; was unmarried. 
Darwin,? b. 13 May. 1808; m. ]\Iariette ? Humphrey. F.wiily 70. 
JoHN,7 b. 22 Feb., 1811; d. 25 Feb., 1811. 
Anna, 7 b. 11 Apr., 1S12; d. 11 Apr., 18 12. 

Daniel,? b. 26 July, 1814; d. 15 Sept., 1859, se. 45; ni. Jane French. Family 71. 
Caroline Selby,' b. 2 Nov., 1818; m. 27 Oct., 1856, in Hartford, Ct., Moses Davis 
(son of Jeremiah and Ruth Davis) Wheeler, of Warner, N. H., born in that town, 
22 Oct., 1S09. He is engaged in agricultural pursuits; is deacon of the Cong, 
church ; has held various town offices, and has been sent as representative from his 
native town to the State Legislature. I\Irs. Wheeler states that she is the only one of 

Laoinis Cfn., Female Br.-iiiches. Vul L, p. 424. 


± V . 













her father's descendants living in New England. Res. (1883) Warner, N. H. Child: 
507. i. Edward Payson/ b. 14 Veh. i860, Warner; died there, 10 Aug. i860. 


508. Augustus'^ Humphrey, F-sq-. I^Sil (Hon. Daniel,^ Dea. Michael,-^ Dea. John,^ 
Scrgt. John,'' iMiihaii,' ) was born 24 Jan., 1773, probably in Simsbury, Ct. ; was made freeman, 
1796, in Torrington, Ct. He married (1) i July, 1794, Beda Frisby, ol Harwinton, Ct., b. 15 
Mch., 1774. After the birth of five children she suddenly died, 29 Jan., 1807, se. 33 years, Win- 
chester, Ct., to which place they had removed from Torringford, Ct. He married (2) 11 Jan., 
1808, in Torringford, Lucy (dau. of Thomas and Elisheba Cadwell) Goodman, of that town, b. 14 
July, !779. In 181 1, they, with their family, removed from Winchester, Ct. , to Vernon, N. Y. 
After remaining there about six months, he became discontented, and returned to Connecdcut, 
settling in Hartland, where he was a farmer and hotel-keeper. He was especially characterized as 
a man of large .sympathies and general benevolence, and was most esteemed and beloved by those 
who best knew hmi. Fie represented his town in the State Legislature, in 1827; was Justice oi 
the Peace for many years. He was an earnest anti-mason. 

By the assistance of his wives — two noble women — he reared a large family to high character 
and usefulness. He was, like his brothers, a large, handsome man, and resembled them in coun- 
tenance and disposition. He died in Hartland, 11 Sept., 1832, a;. 59 years. His widow died at 
the home of her daughter, IMrs. Wilder, at Boonville, Oneida Co., N. Y., i Feb., 1870, at the 
advanced age of 90 years. 

Children (by I si marriage ) : 

Sept., 1795; ni. Susan Clark. Family 72. 
1796; d. 15 Oct., 1S23, K. 27; m. Roxanna Miller. Family 73. 
Jan., 1802; ni. Kzekiel W. (sun of Willis) Wright, ui Hart- 

Childrea : 
Feb. 1825; 111. Joliii B. (son of Beiiajah) PhelpS, of Windsor, Ct; 
resided, with their family, m Virginia. CIdlJrai : (I) Francis L.' (Phelps); (2) Fred- 
erick L.^' (Phelps). 
ii. Edward P.", b. 6 Mch. 1826. 
iii. Alfred W.", b. 2 Dec. 1827. 
iv. Lucy A.% b. 24 Nov. 1829; ni. Kcv. William Monroe, of Boston (1882), an Episcopal 

V. Pauline," b. 18 J.m. 1S32; res. in Oregon. 

LoRiN,'' b. 14 June, 1804 ; ni. Jane Armstrong. Family 74 
Frisby,' b. 29 Jan., 1S07; died }oung. 
(Bv 2d marriage) : 

519. VI. Lucy,' b. 15 June, 1810; d. 24 Oct., 1829, a?. 19; died cjf consumption, in Flartland, 

Ct. ; was unmarried. 

520. VII. Mariette,' b. 14 Feb., 1S12; m. Darwin? Humphrey. Family 70. 

521. VIII. Urania Battle,' b. 9 Dec. 1S13; m. 7 Aug., 1S50, Augustus Wilder, of Sterling, 

i\Iass. ; resided at Boonville, Oneida Co., N. Y. In 1882, they were in Stockton, 
California. Xo children. 

522. IX. Charlotte,' b. 13 Oct., 1S17; m. (i) 17 Mch., 1S45, Seili Gay; and settled in 

Hartford, Ct., where he died 9 Nov., 1847; m. (2) Nathan Robbins, of .Sterling, 
Mass. ; and res. in Philadeliihia, Pa. Child (l/y 2d marriage j : 

523. i. Mary Jane" (Kobbins). 



AuGUSTls Loyal,' b. 27 



Lester,' b. 1 1 May, 171 



Marilla Beda,' b. 12 
land, Conn., in 1824. 


i. Jane M.% b. 16 










524. X. Thomas G.', b. 13 July, 1819; m. ; res. Stockton, California. 

525. XI. David G.', b. 7 Feb., 1824; res. Stockton, California; was unmarried. 


526. Colonel Chauncey* Humphrey, [282I (Hon. Danid,'> Dea. Michael'' Dea. John,^ 
Sergl. Jokn,^ Michael, '^ ) was born ii Apr., 1774. He married, at Simsbury, Ct., 3 June, 1797,* Amanda 
(dau, of Benoni and Elizabeth Agard) Hills, of Torringford, Ct.,f b. 18 June, 1780. He was a man 
of great energy and enterprise, and in early life engaged extensively in the tin and sheet-iron business 
and manufacturing, at Winchester, Qx.\ He met with reverses, and removed to Granville, Licking 
Co., Ohio; then to Columbus, O.,** where he engaged in the stove and hollow-ware business; by 
which, and by real-estate operations, he acquired considerable wealth. At the same time, he be- 
came gready absorbed in the enterprise of an artesian boring for salt-water at Granville, Ohio, 
and was very sanguine of realizing a fortune from this source; but it proved to him a failure and 
a pecuniary loss. He w-as subject, at times, to extreme hypochondria and, imagining that he was 
about to die, he would resolve that he must go back to the old homestead to breathe his last. It 
is said that while residing in Granville, Ohio, he did return to Simsbury, to die in the old house 
m which he was born. 

With all his business reverses and apprehensions of worse misfortunes, he lived to a good 
age — 78 years — and died in Columbus, Ohio, 18 Dec, 1852, possessed of a large property. His 
widow resided with her sons at Etna, Licking Co., Ohio; and there died, i Dec, 1870. They 
were all tinners and sheet-iron manufacturers. 
Children : 

527. I. Lewis,? b. 9 Oct., 1799; d. at Columbus, O., 4 Ma}', 1883, se. 83 years. He is 

said to have resided at Etna, Ohio. 
Leonard,' b. 8 June, 1801 ; married Maria Rice. Family 75. 
HiRAJi,' b. 7 Apr., 1803; d. 2 Sept., 1816, at St. Clairsville, Ohio. 
Lucii-s,7 b. 22 Feb., 1812; d. 2 Nov., 1876, a:. 64; m. Clarissa Hovey. Family 7G. 

FAMILY 4.5. 

531. Judge Dudley*^ Humphrey, [284] (Hon. Daniel'^ Dea. Michael,'' Dea. John,^ Sergl. 
John,- Michael,' J was born 17 Aug., 1784, in Simsbury, Ct. He was married by Esq. Whitne)-, of 
Otis, Mass., 24 Dec, 1802, to Phebe (dau. of James and gr. dau. of Josiah) Case, of Ods, b. 12 
Aug., 1780. They settled in Simsbury, Ct. , where all their children, ten in number, were born; 
removed to Ohio, about 1853, and both died at Portage Centre, Hancock Co., in that State. Mrs. 
Humphrey's death occurred 20 Oct., 1855, at the age of 75 years. He died 10 July, 1859, se. 75 
years. He was a successful school-teacher ; and enjoyed the enure confidence and respect of all who 
knew him, both in his native and adopted State. He held a number of town and county offices ; 
was often assessor; was chosen Justice of the Peace in 1826, and Judge of Probate for the District 

* He was bom 14 Apr. 1777: and m. 3 June, 1799: ace. to one authority. 

t The name Torringford was derived from Torrington and New Hartford. Benoni Hills was of Litchfield, Ct.; ace. to Hist, oj 
Torrington (Ct.) 

} Chauncey Humphrey was a saddle and harness-maker at Newfield, in Torrington, Ct. In 1803, his name appears in a list of 
subscribers to a Free Meeting-house for the use and benefit of all denominations of Christians — "Ch.-iuncey Humphrey, a free thinker, 
i. e,. 'ii I don't think right I have a right to think again';" subscribes one saddle, $13.00. 

Chauncey Humphrey was one of those who petitioned for a charter of Seneca Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, and became a 
chartered member. Said charter was granted 13 June, 1817; meetings held in Newfield, afterward in Wolcottville, C\..—Hist. 0/ 
Torringto7t, Ct. 

'^*- Edwin Steele Humphrey [Fam. 84, J.] styles him "Colonel," and states that he removed to Cokimbus, Ohio, about 1835. 














of Simsbury iu 1S44 ; was for four ^ears Judge of Probate and County Commissioner of Hartford 
County, Ct., and represented his town in the State Legislature in 1826, and several other terms; 
was for several years captain in the militia. He was a freemason. Like his brothers, he was a 
large, fine-looking man, and an agreeable companion. 

Children : 
532. I. HosE.\ Dudley," b. 29 Dec, 1S03 : d. 10 Jan., 1834, oe. 30;* res. Simsbury, Ct.; 

died of consumption, at Matamoras, Mexico, whither he had gone in the hope of 
benefit to his health. His last words were those of exultation in a Christian's hope. 
His will was dated July 31, 1833, and proved July 12, 1834; inventory, $2,420. 11, 
of which $1,700, was silver; gives A. & F. JNI. Soc. $50; Am. B. Soc. $50; Home 
M. Soc. $20 ; Sabbath-schools in Mississippi Valley $20 ; Young Women's Soc. in 
Simsbury for educating a heathen youth $5. Mentions his father, Dudley Humphrey, 
and mother, Phebe ; brothers Philemon, Jarvis, David, Daniel Chauncey ; and sisters 
Amoret and Caroline Amelia. — (Simsbury Prob. Ra\, xii, 325-327.) He was 
Philemon,? b. 22 July, 1S05 ; m. Susannah Wilson. Family 77. 
Jarvis,7 b. I Apr., 1807; m. Julia' Barber. Family 78. 

Amorette,' b. 14 June, 1S09; d. 10 Apr., 1869, k. 60 : m. 3 Sept., 1834, (Simsbury 
Records) William (son of Wm.) Wilson, of Harwinton, Ct., b. 13 July, 1806. 
Children : 
536. i. Humphrey Hosea,' b. I Sept. 1S37; m. Antoinette Brown, of Harwinton, where he 

afterward resided. 
537- "• Caroline Amelia,* b. 14 Mch. 1841; A. 21 Sept. 1865, Harwinton. 

538. iii. William Stephen,' b. I July, 1843; died a Union soldier, — in an Army Hospital at Alex- 

andria, Va., 28 Dec. 1862. 

539. V. Phebe,' b. 14 Sept., 18 10; d. 3 Oct., 1830, se. 20;* died of putrid fever; was 

James,' b. 21 Sept., 1812; d. 10 Sept., 1824, De. 12.* 

David,' b. 3 June, 1S15 ; d. 25 Aug., 1840, £e. 25;* m. Jane Toole. Family 79. 
Daniel Chauncey,' b. 5 June, 1817; d. 6 Nov., 1842, f se. 25; died of consumption, 

in Simsbury, Ct., after having tried a Southern and West Indian climate, in vain, 

for relief His was a happy Christian death. He was unmarried. 
543. IX. Caroline Amelia,' b. 7 Oct., 1S21 ; m. 13 Sept., 1848. J Justin Andrews (son of 

Oliver and Hannah Andrews) Bradley, a native of Simsbury, Ct. , b. 8 Feb., 1809. 

They res. (1883) Simsbury, Ct. , as do also their children. Children (born in Simsburjj: 

544- i. Charles Andrews,' b. 15 July, 1849. 

545- ii- Edward Humphrey,' b. 26 June, 1S53. 

546- iii. Caroline Elizabeth,* b. 29 Dec. 1S54. 

547- iv. Anna Eliza,' b. 24 Feb. 1S56. 

548. X. AuRELiA,' b. 23 Mch., 1825; d. 10 Oct,, 1830,** a;. 5; died of putrid fever. 

549- Dudley*^ Humphrey, [286] (Es^. Asahel,^ Dea. Michael.* Dca. John,^ Sergl. John,'' 

* Inscription in //o/ Meaiimv Burying-groitnd. 

t Inscription in Hof Meadmv Buryitig-ground —A. "Nov. 4, 1842, aged 25" This d.ite is incorrect. 

X 12 Sept. 1848, Simsbury Records. 

Inscription in Hop Meadoiv Biiry!„g.grou>:d,—"d. Oct. 15, 1830, .iged 5 yrs."— D.ite incorrect. 








Michael,^) was born 5 June, 1775, Norfolk, Ct. He married, 16 Oct., 1798, Polly (dau. of Darius 
and Mary Aiken) Phelps, a native of Norfolk, Ct., b. 4 Apr., 1780. They settled in Norfolk, Ct., 
where their seven children were born. Mr. Humphrey was town-clerk in 1797. 

He died 6 May, 1823, Norfolk, Ct., as. 48 years. His widow survived him many years,, 
dying 8 Aug., 1862, se. 82. 
Children : 

550. I. Harriet,' b. 31 July, 1799; d. 11 June, 1800, a;, i yr. 

551. H. JoHN,7 b. 18 June, 1801 ; d. 14 July, 1854, k. 53; m. Maria Turner. Family 80. 

552. HI. Mary,7 b. 7 Oct., 1S03 ; m. Norfolk, Ct., i Jan., 1826, John (son of Jonathan 

and Sarah Ryder) Dewell, b. 3 Sept., 1795, Pine Plains, N. Y., where his parents^ 
resided. He died 2 Oct., 1871, West Norfolk, Ct. ; * was a manufacturer and 
merchant. His widow res. (1883) West Norfolk, Ct. Her winters are spent in New 
Haven, Ct. Children (born in West Norfolk): 

553. i. John Humphrey," b. 9 Sept. 1827; m. (i) November, 1848, Cynthia Hitchcock, of Cole 

brook, Ct., who died in June, 1869, at Norfolk, Ct. He married (2) in 1871, Harriet 
Austin, of Colebrook, Ct. -Merchant. Res. (1883) Plymouth, Ct. Childriii (by ist 
viarriagc) : {1) Charles Hitchcock," b. 2 July, 1854, Norfolk, Ct. (By 2 U marriage): 
(2) Cynthia," b. 5 June, 1872, New Haven, Ct. ; (3) John," b. 16 June, 1873, New- 
Haven; (4) Elizabeth," b. Mch. 1S78, Orange, Ct.; (5) George Austin," b. Mch. 1881, 
Waterbury, Ct. 

554. ii. Mary Elizabeth,' b. 12 Feb. 1S29; married at \V. Norfolk, Ct., 10 June, 1856, Robert 

Catliii Peck, of Bethlehem, Ct. He died in August, 1869, W. Norfolk, Ct.; was a 
merchant in New Haven, Ct., where his widow res. (1883). Children: (l) James 
Dewell" (Peck), b. 3 Aug. 1859, Morris, Ct.; cl. 11 Nov. 1879, Norfolk, Ct. He 
graduated from Hillhouse High School, New Haven; was the class historian and poet. 
It was his intention to enter Yale college, if he had lived. He resided in New 
Haven, Ct. (2) Robert Catlin" (Peck), b. 31 July, 1864, New Haven; died there, 25: 
Jan. 1S66. (3) Frederic Humphrey" (Peck), b. 25 Jan. 1867, New Haven; died there, 
22 Nov. 1867. (4) Minnie Robert' (Peck), b. 27 Jan. 1869, New Haven; res. 
there (1883). 

555. iii. Sarah,* b. and d. June, 1832;— died at W. Norfolk, Ct. 

556. iv. .Sarah Ryder,* b. 12 July, 1834; res. (1883) New Haven, Ct.; unmarried. 

557. V. James Dudley,** b. 3 Sept. 1837; m. 2 July, i860, Mary Elizabeth Keyes, of Norfolk, Ct. 

Merchant. Res. (1883) New Haven, Ct. Children (horn in Nlio Haven, Ct.): (!)■ 
Jessie Keyes," b. 20 July, 1861; graduated from Vassar college, 13 June, 1S83; (2) 
Charles Keyes," b. 5 Feb. 1863; (3) James Dudley," b. Sept. 1870; (4) Robert Peck," 
b. July, 1873; (5) Franklin Whittemore," (twin) b. 4 Nov. 1877; (6) Edward Hum- 
phrey," (twin) b. 4 Nov. 1S77; died in October, 1878, New Haven, Ct. 

558. vi. Mattie A.', b. 11 Oct. 1S42; m. West Norfolk, Ct., October, 1869, Theron S. 

Swain, of South Abington, Mass. Merchant in Boston, Mass., where he res. (1883) 
with his family. Children: (l) John Dewell" (Swain), b. 13 Dec. 1870, Norfolk, Ct.; 
(2) Mary Rache." (Swain), b. 16 Nov. 1874, Worcester, Mass.; d. 21 June, 1877, New- 
Haven, Ct.; (3) Edward Earle" (Swain), b. 26 May, 1876, South Abington, Mass. 

559. vii. Charles GriswoId,» b. 6 Mch. 1844; d. 28 Feb. 1846, W. Norfolk, Ct. 

* West Norfolk is a P. O village in Norfolk. 








560. IV. Gris\vold,7 b. 10 Nov., 1806; d. 6 May, iSSo, te. 73; m. (i) Olive Spaulding Jones; 
m. (2) Sabra IVIarvin. Family 81. 
]\Ierrf.ll,7 b. I Sept., 1S09; m. Maria Elizabeth Mason. Family 82. 
James,' b. 30 Jan., 1813; d. 4 Feb., 1882, «. 69; married Eliza Babbitt. Family 83. 
Carolink,'' b. 16 Aug., 1820; m. Mch., 184 1, Abel Camp, of Norfolk, Ct. She 
died 3 June, 1873. Child: 
564. i. Daughter ,' died Afarcli, 1842. 


565. Asahel *" Humphrey, ^f- D., [291] (Esq. Asahel,^ Dea. Michael,* Dea. Johni Sergt. 
John,'^ Michael,') was born 24 .April, 1779, in Norfolk, Ct. He married (i) about 1807, Clarissa 
Steele, of Cornwall, who died aged twenty-two years.* He married (2) 4 May, 1810, Betsey (dau. 
■of Elisha and Susanna Strong) Steele. She died in 1837; no children. He married (3) Victoria 

His acquaintance with Clarissa Steele, afterward his first wife, occurred in a remarkable man- 
ner. She was a young lady of unusual attractions and worth, engaged as teacher of a country 
ischool. After her scholars had been dismissed, at evening, a young man named Baldwin, a rejected 
suitor, entered the school-house where she was alone, and made a murderous assault on her with a 
Icnife, stabbing her several times, till her cries called some one to her rescue. A ph3sician was im- 
Tnediately sent for who being absent, Asahel* Humphrey, then a student, answered the call as the 
best immediate attendant in the emergency. He was able to make his offices successful and accept- 
able, subsequently attending the young lady to her recovery. A deep and passionate attachment 
resulted between them, of which he ever afterwards, and when an aged, white-haired man, always 
spoke with the tenderest emotions. She lived but a little more than a year after their marriage, her 
vitality having been impaired by the violence she had received. She died soon after the birth 
of twins. 

The last forty years of Dr. Humphrey's life were spent in Salisbury, Conn., his death occurring 
.12 April, 1852, at the age of it, years. He is still remembered in the affections of those among 
whom he lived and labored, and one who knew him well writes, "He was a man who knew his 
own rights and maintained them well, but righteously, and was scrupulously careful of the rights 
of others." 

Children (by 1st marriage): 

566. I. Edward .Steele,'') ^ d. Mch.. 1S13. se. 5 vrs. 

|-b. 28 Nov., 1808, Norfolk, Ct. ; •] 

567. II. Edwix Steele, 7 ) ( m. Phebe Emeline' Humphreys. 

Fa.^iilv 8-i. 


568. Daniel'^ Humphreys, [305] (Esq. Daniel,^ Rev. Datnel,* Dea. John,i Sergl. John,' 
Michael.') was born in 1770, probably in Derby, Conn. He married, in June, 1794, Catharine 
Sparhawk, of Portsmouth, N. H. ; and died in 1800, se. 30 years. 
Children : 

569. I. Mary, 7 b. 1795; d. 18A1, se. 66: unmarried. 

570. II. Charles.7 b. 1797: d. 1830. a;. 33; unmarried. 

571. III. Abigail,? b. 1800; d. 1866, se. 66; unmarried. ' "- 

* Clariss.T (dau. of Elijah> Steele, of Altany, N Y , married Dr Hiimplirey, of Canaan, Ct - f:tf,-!e CeH^.ih^y. 



572. Hon. John'" Humphreys, [325] lEsq.Jolm,'^ Ra<. Daniel,-^ Dea. John,^ Sergt. John,'' 
Michael,^) was born ii Feb., 1774, in Derb_v, Ct. ; and graduated at Yale college. He married, in 
1803, Sarah Curtiss, b. 28 May, 1783, in Derby, dau. of Sheldon and Lois (Nichols) Curtiss, of 
D. , and grand-daughter of Oliver and Hannah (Clark) Curtiss, also of D. * 

They resided in Humphreysville, Ct. Mrs. Ann S. Stephens, daughter of ISIr. John Winter- 
liotham who was one of the partners of Col. David ^ Humphreys, thus writes: — 

"Two nephews of Colonel Humphreys represented him in the manufacturing business, and 
may Have had considerable interest therein. The younger, William Humphreys, [Fam. 50, J. ^] a 
fine young man as I first remember him — was the head of the counting-house, and, I think, cashier. 
The other, John, must have been a lawyer, for he was known as Judge Humphreys, and hved in 
one of the best houses in the neighborhood, a square white building that stands now on Falls hill, 
where the road that leads to Bungy crosses the highwa}\ Judge Humphrejs and his wife, an 
elegant, handsome lady, were great favorites with the Colonel, and were generally looked up to in 
the neighborhood as superior persons. He was one of the finest looking and most dignified 
men that I remember. Indeed, the whole Humphreys family were remarkable for great personal 
beauty, both in that and the next generation. Two of Judge John's daughters, Mrs. Canfield and 
Mrs. Pease, were beautiful and elegant women. A son of Mrs. Pease has not only retained the 
family grace of comeliness, but is now (1880) one of the first musical geniuses of the country. f" 

Judge Humphreys was one of the selectmen of Derby in 1818, '19, '23, and '24 ; J was rep- 
resentative to the State Legislature in 18 15 (May and October sessions), 18 16 (May), 18 17 (October), 
1819 (May), 1822, 1824. and 1826, — the year of his death. There was only one session, the last 
three years that he served in this capacity. He was also Judge of the New Haven County Court. 

No better description of his character can perhaps be given than that found in the inscription 

on his monument at Humphreysville : — 

Here reposes 

What is not immortal of the 
Hon. John Humphreys 
Who died June 29th 1826 aged 53. 
In his domestic and social relations he 
was most exemplary. 

In public life, his fellow citizens freely con- 
fided their dearest interests to his keeping. 

In his character was blended the Philanthro- 
pist, the Gentleman and the Christian and his Spirit 
is now, (as those who knew him best have faith- to believe) 
an inheritor of a Heavenly mansion. 
Mrs. Humphreys survived -her husband many }-ears, and died 10 October, 1861, in 
Cleveland, Ohio.** 

Children : 
573. I. John Curtiss,'' born in 1804, Humphreysville, Ct. ; was early placed under the tuition 

of Rev. Truman Coe, by whom many of the youths of Derby were educated. 

* Hist, of Dprhy, p. 715. t Idem, p. 453. 

i "John Humphreys" was selectman in Derby, 1815 and 1S25. As "Junior" is not added to the name this may have been John 
Humphreys, son of James, of Derby. Esq. John Humphreys Mather of Hon. John) [Fam, 26, J.J was hving ill 1825, but rather advanced 
m years to fill such a position. 

•* Many of the records relating to this family were destroyed in the Chicago fire of 1871. 



At the age of twenty he went to New York as clerk to Elijah* Humphreys 
[Fam. 51, J."*] then a prominent merchant of that citv. Soon after, the yellow 
fever broke out, and young Humphreys being attacked with symptoms of illness 
immediately returned to his home, where he was prostrated, for many weeks, with 
the fever in a modified form, from the effects of which he never fully recovered. 

He was t\vent\-tw(_i years of age at the time of his father's death, and young 
and inexperienced as he was, it was thought best that he should carry on the 
mercantile business, in Humphrcysville. in which his father had been a silent partner. 
Accordingly, he went to New York t<i buy goods expecting, as was customary, to 
make immediate payment for only a part of his purchases. When he asked for 
credit, the merchant prudently inquired concerning his references. He replied that 
he had not provided himself with any, but thought he could soon bring such as 
would be satisfactory. A gentleman, whom he had not before noticed and who was 
to him a stranger, stepped forward and said to the merchant, "I understand that 
this )"oung man's name is Humphreys ; and if he is not an honest man * he will 
be the first of the name I ever knew who was not; and I know them well. " 

December 25th, 182S, on Christmas eve, when the Kpiscopal church in Hum- 
phreysville was decorated and illuminated for that sacred festival, he was married to 
Thirza Riggs, who belonged to that family from which, eighty-nine years previous, 
his great-grandfather, the Rev. Daniel •♦ Humphreys, had chosen such an excellent 
life-companion. The bridesmaid was the youngest sister of the bridegroom, Marianne ^ 
Humphreys, and the groomsman George' Sparhawk, his cousin, [Fam. 25 (309), J.^] 
a grandson of Daniel ^ Humphreys, Esquire, who was a brother of General David 5 
Humphreys. Thirza*^ (Riggs) Humphreys was born 26 Oct., 1807, daughter of John^ 
and Mary (Beecher) Riggs, of Derby, gr. dau. of John '^ and Elizabeth (Hawkins) 
Riggs, of D. , and gr. -gr. dau. of Lieut. Joseph s Riggs, who was brother of Sarahs 
Riggs, wife of Rev. Daniel ■• Humphre3s. [See Fam. 11; Chart H. — Tlie Riggs 
Family. ] 

Three years after Mr. Humphreys' marriage, liis health, which had long been 
delicate, was so far impaired as to induce him to go South to escape the rigor of 
a northern winter. After a tedious voyage, he arrived at Opelousas, La., where he 
soon died, in the winter of 1832, ae. 28 years. He had no children. 

His widow married Dr. Joshua Kendall; and they resided (1875) in Humphrcys- 
ville (now called Seymour), Ct. 
Janette,'' b. 12 Jan., 1807, Humphrcysville, Ct. ; married there, 22 Sept., 1825, 
Horace (son of Josephf and Abigail Buel) Canfield, b. 9 Oct., 1794, in Salisbury, 
Ct., and for many 3"ears a resident of New York city. 

In 1834 he, with his famil}-, removed to Cleveland, Ohio, being attracted 
thither by the beauty of its situation on the border of Lake Erie, and by the oppor- 
tunities afforded for enjoying prosperity and amassing wealth, which were then lying 
dormant : but by him fully realized and appreciated. Possessed of fine taste, and 
quiet, refined and pleasing manners, to these was united far-reaching thought. Deep- 
ly interested in public improvements, Mr. Canfield did much to beautif}' the city of 

* "An honest man."— De Foe says, -He that lies buried under such an epitaph has more said of him than volumes of history 
can contain." 

t Joseph Canfield. of Salisbury, Ct., was a lawyer distinguished for his abilities and eloquence. He was Speaker of the House of 
Representatives in Connecticut, at the age of 28 years : and died at the early age of 35. His wife, Abigail Buel, died in New York city, 
August, 1830, aged 62 years. She was a daughter of Colonel Buel, of Salisbury, ol Revolutionary memory. At the breaking out ol the 
war he raised a regiment and served until its close. His soldiers were paid in Continental money which valueless. He took it from 
them and paid them in good money from his own purse. He was a man of handsome fortune and large benevolence. 

Cleveland, especially by ihe plantinc; of trees and the inducing of others to do the 
same ; and its public square and broad streets still attest his wise fore-thought and 
his influence as a citizen. 

The first article ever published, advocating a railway to the Pacific, is said to 
have emanated from his pen. It appeared in the Cleveland Herald, with many apol- 
ogies from the editor, as it then seemed to border upon the wild and visionary. 
Other railways were also suggested by him, and the directions they were to take 
marked out. These have been built and are now carrying wealth and prosperity in 
their train. — He was not Utopian in his projects, but was in advance of the time 
in which he lived. He died 23 April, 1866, Canandaigua, N. Y. His widow res. 
(1SS3) in Slockbridge, Mass. Children: 
575- '■ Janctte Humphreys," b. 12 Dec. 1S27, Xcw Vork City; married in Cincinnati, O., 30 

Sept. 1845, Jolni Meyers (son of Thomas M.) Huntington, of Norwich, Ct. 

She died 21 Jan. 1847, near Cijicinnati, O. — "Richly endowed with those qualities 
that embellish domestic life and adorn and grace society, — bright, handsome, musical, 
— 'she sparkled, was exhaled and went to Heaven.'" They had no children. 

Mr. J. M. Huntington graduated at Yale college; studied law. and practised in 
Chicago. lie was Assistant Quartermaster during the Civil War. and was attached 
to Kosecrans Division. He died at Marietta, Ohio, about 1865, x. 47 years 
376. ii Josephine,* b. 4 Oct. 1829, New York City; married, 13 Feb. 1862, Benjamin Franklin 

Smith, of Cleveland, O. Cultured and refined in manners, and having decided 
literary tastes, she is also kind and benevolent, deeply sympathizing with suffering and 
sorrowing humanity. 

Mr. Smith was for many years connected with railroads; was at one time General 
Manager of the Red Line Transit Company, at Buffalo, N. Y., but has now retired 
from business. V. Q. address, (1883) No. 464 West Adams St., Chicago, Illinois. 
C/i:M: (I) Alfred Hdliard » (Smith), b. 29 Jan. 1863; d. 23 Apr. 1870. 
577. iii Horace Jared,' b 20 Jan. 1834, Xcw York City; graduated at Trinity College, Hartford 

Ct., in 1S57. He married in Stockbridgc, Mass., 23 July, 1874, Florence Coffmg 
Cable, of S., b. II Jan. 1846, Constantia, N. Y., dau. of Curtius Randolph and 
Janette (Coffing) Cable, of C* 

Hon. H. J. Canfield, ui addition to his scholarly attainments, is an able writer, 
an eloquent speaker, and a popular lecturer. Mr. Samuel Lawrence (brother of Hon. 
Abbott Lawrence, Minister to England) said concerning him: — "His readings and 
recitations are unequalled." In the Buffalo Commcrdal Advcrtisc-r we find: — "In ad- 
dition lo being a natural orator, Mr. Canfield is one of the most facile and agreeable 
writers we ever knew;" and in the Barrington Courier:— '■^'Y\\q. fine presence and 
faultless elocution of the speaker, and the skillful and eloquent treatment of his sub- 
ject, give him a place in the first rank of lecturers." 

He was a member of the House of Representatives, in 1877, and of the Senate 
in 1878, in the Massachusetts Legislature. In 1877, he delivered a speech before the 
House in opposition to the bill giving women municipal suffrage, which commanded 
the universal attention of the members, and was afterward printed. 

Mr. Canfield formerly occupied a chair in the editorial room of the Buffalo Com- 

» CurtiuB Randolph Cable died 2 Oct. 1846. His wife. Jnnetle (Coffing) Cable was daughter of John ChurchUl Coffing. of Salisbury, 
Ct., who was largely identified wilh ihe iron interest ct New England. His name was originally Coffin, to which he added the letter g, 
and this has been retained by the members of his family. Tristram Coffin, who came to this country in 1642, is said to have been 

mercial Adi't-rlisur. He has been a member of the School Committee in Stockbridge, 
Mass. During the war, he was, for a time, in tlie Quartermaster's Department, with 
his brother-in-law, John M. Huntington. Res. (1883) Stockbridge, Mass. C/iilii: (i> 
Horace,' b. 2 Apr. 1875, Stockbridge. 

578. iv. Sarah Curtiss," b. 29 Apr. 1S36, Cleveland, O.; d. 29 Apr. 1837. 

579. V. Ellen Curtiss," b. 23 Mch. 1838, Cleveland, O.; married, 11 Mch. 1S62, Delos O. Cole, 

of C. They resided in Cleveland, O. 

"She died 23 July, 1866. This is the brief record of a death that has s.iddened 
many hearts. In the prime of youth — beautiful and loved, Mrs. Cole died on the 
evening of the 23d inst., without a moment's foreboding of her fate. Though sudden, 
the end was painless;— life Ceased quietly, as a light goes out. To all who knew her 
as she was in life — charming, bright, attractive — the picture may still remain in mem- 
ory, unclouded by shadows of sickness or pain. Nature made her to enjoy society as- 
well as to adorn it; — yet existence cannot be unfinished, incomplete, which like hers 
has gained the knowledge of a higher \\i&."— Cleveland Herald. 
5S0. vi. Charles Edward,* b. i Mch. 1840, Cleveland, O. ; d. 14 Jan. 1847, near Cincninati, O. 

581. III. Marianne,^ born 30 Aug., 1812, Humphreysville, C't. ; married in Cleveland, Ohio,. 

23 July, 1833, Sheldon (son of Isaac) Pease, of C, b. July, 1809, Derby, Ct., 
where his parents resided. He was formerly Managing Director of the Western 
Transportation Company, with headquarters at Buffalo, N. Y. ; retired from business 
about 1870. Res. (1883) No. 433 Franklin Street, Buffalo, N. Y. Children (born 
in Cla'cland): 

582. i. Catharine Thompson,' born 7 Apr. 1836; died 28 July, 1837. 

583. ii. Alfred Humphreys,* born 6 May, 1838, like many members of the Humphreys family in 

England * and America, gave early indications of great musical talent. The more 
puritanical antecedents of his parents soon took the alarm on discovering that their 
son, if left to choose for himself, would become what seemed to them that most im- 
practical and undesirable character— a professional musician; and, striving to counteract 
any such tendency, they placed him in immediate training for a course of classical 
study, and he was accordingly fitted for and entered, at the age of sixteen, as a 
student at Kenyon College, at Gambier, O., in the hope that in turning his mind into 
other channels, he might be induced to choose another profession. It was at this 
period, and during his vacations, that he also displayed an unmistakable talent lor 
drawing and painting. Some of his pictures had attracted the favorable notice of a 
young German artist, who was about to return to his own country in order to further 
prosecute his studies, and who had observed with great interest the artistic tendencies 
of the young American student. 

It was owing to his persuasion, and the plea of ill health, that young Tease olj- 
tained permission to be absent six months, with the privilege of returning and (gradu- 
ating with his- class; but once in the Fatherland of his German friend, breathing an 
atmosphere where his musical nature quickly unfolded itself, feeling the stimulus i.\v\ 
the fascination of the association with that music-loving people, he lost no lime in 
addressing himself to the acquirement of the German language, and of placing himsilf 
under musical instruction. Having no hope, however, of a favorable answer to his 
request to devote his life to music, he did not write home of his occu|>atioii, but 
worked persistently, and only after receiving much encouragement from his teachers 

• See Part I., page 40 (year 1674), lor Pelham Humphrey, ,ind page 41 (year 1730) for John Humphries. The American musicians, 
will appear as we progress with the pubhcation of our records. 



did he venture tn make the request. Ilis importunity brought him the consent of his 
parents, and he at last found himself at liberty to pursue the hue of studies wiiich 
nature, who never errs in her indications, had clearly marked out for him. 

Theodor Kullak, the court-pianist of the King of Prussia, was the first master 
under whom Mr. Pease studied. From him he learned the different schools of piano 
music, from the elementary to the highest standard of playing. 

Richard VVuerst taught him in composition, as he had been tauglit by Felix Men- 
delssohn; Weiprecht, director of military music in Prussia, instructed him in orchestral 
scoring, and the Berlin public soon became familiar with many of his compositions. 
Having thus laid the foundation of his future career, he returned to .\merica with the 
happy presage of the success which he afterwards achieved. Not content, however, 
with his present acquirements, he almost mimediately returned to Europe and spent 
nearly three years in study with Von Bulow. 

The first song which we have from the ]ien of Mr. Pease is "Break, Break, Break," 
and the immense success of this truly artistic work established his reputation, and was 
quickly followed by others which have been received and admired by musicians in 
Europe as well as his own country. One of the most popular of his songs is "Hush 
Tlice, My Baby," and the latest is said to have been "Johnnie is Waiting," published 
early in 1882. Nearly a hundred songs have thus become familiar as household words; 
and to the splendid interpretations of Miss Kellogg, Mnie. Nilsson, Mme. Albani, Mme. 
Parepa Rosa, Miss Adelaide Phillips, Miss Anna Drasdil, Miss Gary, Mrs. Chas. Moul- 
ton, Mrs. Imogene Brown, Mme. Antoinette Sterling, Miss Henrietta Beebee and Mr. 
M. M. Whitney he is indebted for their almost world-wide celebrity. 

Among his piano compositions are eighteen, from themes of "Lohengrin," "Aida," 
"Faust," "Crispino," " Huguenots," "Mignon " and other operas. These compositions 
have a hiijh reputation, and place him as a writer in the front rank of American 

His orchestral compositions are equally famed. Among them, "A Reverie and 
Andante," "Andante and Scherzo Romanza," for brass and reed instruments, have 
been performed by Theodore Thomas in New York and other eastern cities. The most 
prominent and probably the best composition for orchestra which he issued was his 
"Grand Concerto for the Piano and Orchestra," written in 1875. This was soon after 
given in Philadelphia, during the Centennial Exhibition, by Mr. T. Thomas. At the 
conclusion, not alone the vast audience but the musicians applauded, and in the pres- 
ence of the crowd assembled to hear it, the conductor extended his hand to Mr. Pease 
in congratulation, a compliment never before vouchsafed by him to a young composer. 

As an American performer to an American audience he had no rival. He had 
mastered with great assiduity the varied difficulties of his chosen instrument, and had 
learned the secret of reaching the popular heart. " His electrical touch, his impetuous 
and brilliant technique, his broad and sweeping style, which alternated with infinite 
tenderness and delicacy of expression, together with an indescribable chic which pervaded 
all he did, held his audiences spellbound," writes a well-known critic, and insured him 
a cordial and enthusiastic welcome wherever he made his appearance. He made a 
tour with the Ole Bull troupe, wherein he introduced the Haines Upright as a concert 
instrument — a bold undertaking, but the result confirmed his judgment by the voice of 
the press, and in 1880 he repeated the experiment in connection with Pond's concert 

Mr. Pease died, suddenly, July 12th, 1883, at St. l.ouw. Mo. The funeral services 

were attended at the residence of his parents. No. 433 FranUhn St., Buffalo, N. V., 
the Rev. Dr. Edward Ingersoll, rector emeritus of Trinity church, and the Rev. Dr. 
L. Van Bokkelen, rector, ofticiatmg. Several musical societies were represented, and 
many distinguished citizens imitcd in paying honor to the deceased. The interment 
was at Forest Lawn Cemetery. 

Mr. Pease resided, the last twelve years of his life, in New York City, where he 
was well known as a fine pianist and composer; was also a successful instructor in 
music. He was unmarried. 

One writes concerning him: — '* It was not my good fortune to know Mr. Pease 
intimately or meet him often, but even a casual acquaintance would at once detect the 
amiable, even affectionate nature which shone through every act and word. When 
rivals were mentioned, no word except of kindness and courtesy escaped his lips; and 
his charming and fascinating manners made him the beloved of every social circle 
which could claim his presence." 
584. iii. Arthur Walter," born 20 June, 1844; married in Buffalo, N. V., 10 Jan. 1S66, Julia F. 

(dau. of Stephen Van Rensselaer) Watson, of B. After five years of married life the 
young couple lost their lives, February 6th, 1S71, by an accident on the Hudson 
River Railroad, at New Hambtirgh. 

Mr. Pease was a young man of great promise. Tall, comely and graceful in 
form, tender and affectionate in his nature, he was full of noble impulses and un- 
swerving fidelity to his friendships. 

He was skilled in fencing and drawing, and manilested much literary feeling and 
ability, wliich often found expression in verse and song; and his almost girlish suscep- 
tibility was supplemented by qualities of the most sterling manhood. 

Prior to his death, he had been engaged in business at Buffalo, N. Y. Child : 
(I) Marianne W'atson," b. 6 December, 1S66, m Buffalo. 

5S5. IV. David,' b. 11 Apr., 1818; d. November, 1S53, ce. 35; m. Angeline Canda. Family 85. 

FA.MILY 50. 

586. William'^ Humphreys, [334I (E^^q- John,^ Ra\ Danul,^ Dm. Johni Sergl. John,' 
Michael,') was bom i6 May, 1788, in Derby, Ct. He married, in New York City, 30 Sept., 1815, 
Lucy Maria Beach, b. 23 Feb., 1794, dau. of Jesse and Sally (Wheeler) Beach, of Derby, afterward 
of New York City. 

They resided in Derby, Ct., and New York City; removed to Ashtabula, Ohio, where he died 
2 Jan., 1867, se. 79 years. His widow was residing in that place in 1883, at the advanced age of 
89 years, in the full possession of all her faculties. She had a remarkable memory, and furnished 
many records of the descendants of Rev. Daniel •• Humphreys. 

Mr. Humphreys, when a young man, was at the head of the counting-house for his uncle 
Gen. David 5 Humphreys, after he became interested in manufactures at Humphreysville. 

When the Gucrrkrc was captured by the frigate ConslUution, the commander of the last-named. 
Commodore Isaac Hull, being a native and resident of Derby, a town-meeting was held April i2ih, 
18 13, and a series of resolutions presented by Gen. Humphreys were passed. At this time, William 
Humphre3's was chosen one of a 'committee to collect facts on the subject matter before them, and 
to communicate them to the public. [See Fam. 28, J.^; p. 165.] 

He served as selectman for the town of Derby in 1820, '21 and '22; was representative from 
that town to the State Legislature in 1834 and 1S40. 

Children : 
5S7. L George,' b. 28 Nov., 1816, in Humphreysville, Ct. ; d. 8 July, 1828, ce. 11. 


5SS. II. \\'iLr.iAM,7 b. lo June, iSiS ; d. 14 Oct., 1S49, *■ 3'- 

5S9. III.- Elijah, 7 b. 19 May, 1821 : d. 22 Oct., 1833,* a?. 12. 

To I Elijah | son of William and Maria Humphreys | in fond commemoration | 
of his rare promise | Premature mental endowments ] high Christian principles | manly 
modesty and gentle grace of manners | this stone is inscribed | Born May 19 A D 
1821 I In the flower of youth and early hope | at the age of 12 )ears | he was not 
for God took him | October 22 1S33 | and after a drear\- interval revealed the mistery 
of his untimely death | Jan 31 1835. 

His remains recovered from the neighboring waters 
Here await the issues o/ that day 
When reunited with kindred dust 
Mortality shall be swallowed up ol life 
And the Lord shall make up his Jewells. 

— Insc7-iplion from lombstonc in Ancieui Buiying-ground at Up Tmvn. 

590. IV. Sarah Maria, ' b. 5 June, 1S30; graduated at Mt. Holyoke Seminary, in June, 1S4S. 

She married in Derby, Ct., 20 June, 1849, Edward Cone Hubbard, of Middletown, 
Ct. , b. 21 Sept., 1824, son ol Richard and Mary (Cone) Hubbard, of Ashtabula, 
Ohio, and grand-son of Col. Nehemiah and Lucy (Starr) Hubbard. "f They removed 
to Ashtabula, O., in 1S36, and to Conneaut, O., 1868 ; returned to Ashtabula, in 
1S71, and were residing there in 1883. Chitdrcn: 

591. i. William Humphreys,' 1). 13 Apr. 1850, Midilletown, Ct.; m. (i) Conneaut, O., Dec. 1869, 

Marcia Minerva Benton, who died in C, i Mch. 1S73. He married (2) in Oberlin, 
28 Dec. iSSi, Mary Moore. Attorney-at-law; in 1883, was practising in Napoleon, 
Ohio. Child (by isl inarriiv^c) : (i) Charles lienton," b. 1870, in Missouri; d. 1871, 
ill Conneaut, O. Child (hy 2d marriage): (2) Lucy Margaret,'' b. 4 Nov. 1SS2. 

ii. Richard,* b. 14 Oct. 1S52, Middletown, Ct. 

iii. Mary Cone," b. S June, 1S5S, Ashtabula, O. 

iv. Lucy Maria," li. 10 Mch. 1S62, Ashtabula, O. 

V. Ellen Canfield," 1). 28 Feb. 1868, Ashtabula, O. 

vi. John Parsons," b. 21 Nov. 1870, Conneaut, O. 


fa:\iilv 51. 

597- Elijah^ Humphreys, {l\Z\ i^I^V- Elijah:^ Ra\ Dame/.^ Dca. John,^ Scrgt. John,-' 
Michael,') was born 12 October, 1779, in Derby. Ct. He married Maria Eldridge. 

He received a very thorough mercantile training in the employ of Theophilus Brower, at 
No. 5 Burling Slip, New York City. Brower was the great grocer of his day ; and young Hum- 
phreys was with him from 1795 to 1803, when he entered into partnership with Archibald Whitney, 
under the firm name of Humphreys and Whitney, at No. 22 Burling Slip. This firm was dissolved 
after the War of 181 2-14, and Mr. Humphreys continued the business alone, and accumulated 
some $60,000, a large fortune in those days; and was also a director in the Fulton Bank. He 
was a bachelor, and boarded at Washington Hall. The author of The Old Merchants 0/ Ntw Fork 
City, is responsible for the following story of his marriage, viz : that he was taken violently ill 
■with bilious fever, and his life onlv saved by the careful nursing of the sister of his landlord's wife. 
Upon recovering, he offered his hand in marriage to her, was accepted, and shortly after commenced 
housekeeping in very handsome style at No. 4 Murray Street, near Broadway. He was at this time 
retired from business, and in receipt of a handsome income; but, induced by the consideration 

• He died 14 Oct. 1833, ace. to Mrs. Hubbard t Lmmis C,->ua/,'^j:- Female Ilran.:hes. 

that, now he was married, he would probably have a family to support, and that he consequently 
needed more money, to re-enter business life again. Having been three years out of business, he 
had to pick up a new line of customers ; unfortunately, he secured mostly Western customers, who 
bought eagerly and paid slowly — and he was forced into bankruptcy — to the great surprise and re- 
gret of his old mercantile friends. 

Mr. Humphreys died in New York City, in 1834, as. 55 jears. His widow died 9 Nov., 
1867, a.'. 69 years.* 

Children : 
59S I. Anna, 7 b. 1823; d. 1856, x. 33; married, in 1847, Watson Hughes, an officer in 

the United States Nav)'. CMdren: 

599. i. Anna,' b. 1848. 

[Two other daughters.] 
6og n. Edward E.?, b. 20 June, 1834; d. 27 Aug., 1870.* 
[Another son whose name has not been ascertained. ] 


601. Norman* Humphrey, [3^3^ (Cap/. Amasa,^ Esq. Hesekiah,* Capt. Samuel,^ Sergt. 
John,'' Michael,' ) was born in 1793, probably in Simsbury, Ct. He married, 28 Feb., 1815, Sarah 
(dau, of James and Mary McQueen) Kennedy, b. 10 Sept., 1797, Broadalbin, N. Y.f They re- 
sided in Augusta, N. Y. , where he was a hotel-keeper; removed to Randolph, Portage Co., Ohio, 
in January, 1819. He purchased a small farm and commenced to clear off the land which was 
covered with a heavy forest; but died of consumption, on the 3d of January, 1822, ae. 29 years. 
He was an officer in a cavalry company which was never called mto service. 

His widow married, 25 Jan., 1827, Dr. Rufus Belding, of Randolph, O., who died at the 
residence of Levi Merriman, Sth Apr., 1854. There was one child by this second marriage, 
Edwin C. Belding, who was living in 1S83. She died at the residence of this son, in Ravenna, 
O. , 2 June, 1 88 1, and was buried in Randolph, O. , by the side of her first husband. 
Children (horn in Augusta, N. 1' J : 

602 L Edwin Amasa,' b. 27 Jan., 1816; d. 18 May, 1827, se. 1 1 ; was buried in Randolph, O. 

603 n. Jane Amanda,? b. 4 June, 1818; m. 6 May, 1838, Levi Merriman, of Randolph, 

O., where they were residing in 1883. Children: 

604. i. Wilfied E.', b. 26 Aug. 1840; res. (1883) Randolph, Ohio; unmarried. 

605. ii. Sarah D.', b. 23 May, 1845; died of diphtheria, i Oct. 1862. 

606. iii. Edward F.', b. 27 Jan. 1854; died of diphtheria, 29 Sept. 1862. 


6:>7- Asa* Humphrey, [366J fAsa,i Esq. Hezeklah,-^ Capt. Samuel,^ Sergt. John,'' Michael,^ ) 
was born 27 Aug., 17S6, probably in Simsbury, Ct., where his date of birth is recorded. He 
married Rhoda Moses, who died in that town 16 March, 1826, aged 35 years.| He died 29 Jan., 
1843, aged 56, — in Simsbury, where he had resided. 

'Children: Several daughters whose names have not been ascertained. They are said to 
have settled in the "West."] 

• Imcriftion from old Episcopal Cruvc-yard, Derby. 

t James Kennedy, ol Broadalbin, N. V., was born 27 July, 1760, and died 25 May, 1810; married Mary McQueen, born 15 Aug. 
1767, and died 25 Jan. 1817. 

t Inscription in Hop Meadow Burying-ground. She died 26 Mch. 1826, according to Wintonbury Church Records ;— Stiles' Hist, oj 
Ancient IP'indsor. 



— :IN: — 











608. Colonel Lyman "^ Humphrey, [390] (Ozias,^ Esq. Hiztkuih,* Capt. Sumuc/,^^ '?tr^/. 
John,^ Michael,^) was born i6 Nov., 1799, in the State of Connecticut. He marriei-l (i) 20 Apr., 
1820, Margaret Southcard, who was born in 1800, and resided during the early part of her life 
in Philadelphia, Pa. Her parents are said to have been from New Jersey. She went to reside in 
Portage County, Ohio, about the same time with Col. Humphrey, and they were there married — 
in Deerfield, by Elder Swasey of the M. E. Church. She died in Conneaut, Ashtabula Co., O. 
He married (2) in Petersburgh, Pa., 19 Apr., 1S34, Elizabeth Everhart, b. 6 Nov., 1812, Zanes- 
ville, Muskingum Co., O. , dau. of John Everhart, born in Centre Count}-, Pa., 6 Aug., 1775, 
died 17 Jan., 1S44, and his wife Rachel (Johns) born near Carlisle, Pa., 12 l\Ich., 17S3, died 
5 Oct., 1869. 

Col. Humphrey settled at Deerfield, Portage County, O., about 18 19, and was there engaged 
in his employment as a tanner and currier until 1838, when he removed to New Baltimore, Stark 
County, O., only a few miles distant, where he died 28 Aug., 1853, ae. 54 years. During his 
residence in Deerfield, he was successful in business, and was a very active and prominent citizen, 
holding various township offices ; was for many years Justice of the Peace, and Captain and Colonel 
of the organized militia, in which he seems to have taken much pride and interest. After moving 
to Stark County, he was examined and admitted to the bar at Canton, Ohio, in 1S40, and prac- 
tised law till his death, being accounted a good lawyer at a bar of very stn^aig men. 

His widow res. (1882) Independence, Kansas, with her son Hon. Lyman U. Humphrey. 
Children (by ist tnarriage) : 

609. I. MarY,7 b. 6 Feb., 1821, in Deerfield, Ohio; m. P. U. Bean. Res. (1882) Ravenna, 

Portage Co., O. Childran 

610. i. Lyman Henry," m. (1) ; after her death, he m. (2) . One child living 

in 1S82. 
6ii. ii. Charles Wesley,'' \\. . Four children living in 18S2. 

612. iii. Alonzo Harmon,* ni. . Three children living in 1S82. 

613. . iv. Mary Cordelia,^ m. (i) , who died; m. (2) VailTaSSel. Three children 

living in 1882. 

614. V. Harriet Maria,* m. Jocelyn. Two children living in 1S82. 

615. vi. Rhoda Elizabeth,' m. Paulk. 

616. II. Frances Jane,' b. 17 July, 1824, in Deerfield, O. ; married (i) in Fowler, Trumbull 

C(i., O., 10 Oct., 1846, Stephen Leach, b. 1825, Mahoning County, ()., son of 
Abram and Emma (Luce) Leach, of Champion, Trumbull Co., O. Emma Luce 
was from New Jersey. He was a farmer. She married (2) \\'est Springfield, Erie 
Co., Pa., 28 Dec, 1857, Theron Austin, b. 1827, Erie County, Pa., where he re- 
sided until he reached mature years. 

He enlisted, as a volunteer, in the war of the Rebellion, at Erie, Pa. , September, 
1862, and was killed, 14 Aug., 1863, while on picket duty near Harper's Ferr}', Va. ; 
was buried at Petersburgh, Va. She married (3) Corry, Erie Co., Pa., 8 Mch., 1871, 
James (son of John and Lydia Co.x) Solley, b. 2 May, 18 19, Franklin, Venango 
Co., Pa. His parents resided near Bellefonte, Centre Co., Pa. The ancestors of his 
father were English and those of his mother German. He has served as captain of 
militia, constable, assessor, tax collector and notary public ; has been twice elected 
a Justice of the Peace for a term of five years ; removed to Minnesota, and was 
chosen to fill the same oflSce for a term of two years ending iij 1858, when he was 
sent as representative to the State Legislature. In 1882, he was alderman and city 


clerk for Parker City, Pa.; P. O. address, Parker's Landing, Armstrong Co., Pa. 
Children {by 1st marriage): 

617. i. Harriet Minerva' (Leach), b. 15 May, 1848, P'owler, Trumbull Co., O.; married • 

Kope. Res. (1882) Kennerdell, Venango Co., Pa. 

618. ii. Amanda Ellen' (Leach), b. 12 Aug. 1850, Fowler; married Herk. Res. (1882) 

Salem, O. 

619. iii. George Gardner' (Leach), b. 4 Mch. 1853, Fowler. Moulder. Res. (1882) Youngstown, 

O.; unmarried. 

620. iv. Albert* (Leach), b. 22 Apr. 1855, Akron, O. Farmer. Res. (1882) Pierpont, Ashtabula 

Co., O.; unmarried. 

621. III. Harriet M.?,* b. 11 Oct., 1827, in Deerfield, O. ; married (i) George S. Gardner. 

She married (2) D. C. Nesbit. Res. (1883) No. 1279 White Avenue, Cleveland, 

622. IV. George Washington,' b. 18 Mch., 1830; m. Susanna Johnston. Family 86. 
(Bv 2d tnarriage) : 

623. V. Rachel,' b. 16 May, 1836, in Deerfield, O. ; d. in New Baltimore, O., 19 July, 

1854, ae. 18 years. 

624. VI. John Everhart,' b. 12 Sept., 1840, in New Baltimore, O. ; d. at Independence, 

Kansas, 25 Feb., 1880, ae. 39 years; was unmarried. We add the following tribute 
to his memory furnished by his brother Hon. Lyman U. Humphrey : — 

"On September 12th, 1861, at Alliance, Stark Co., Ohio, the day he was 
twenty-one years old, John E.' Humphrey enlisted as a Union soldier in Company 
I, 19th Ohio Vol. Infantry, Col. Samuel Beatty. The regiment was in Buell's army, 
afterward known as the army of the Cumberland. 

"At the batde of Shiloh, Tennessee, April 6th and 7th, 1862, he was wounded, 
the ball finally lodging in a tin can full of sugar in his haversack, which we now 
preserve. This wound, and the exposure incident to that terrible battle, sent him to 
the hospital at Nashville, where he languished for months. He finally returned to 
his regiment, and served during the hard campaign of Buell against Bragg in Ken- 
tucky, which again broke him down, and he was discharged and sent home. But 
he partially recovered, so that he again volunteered, in the spring of 1864, in 
Battery I, ist Ohio Light Artillery, and was engaged in all the battles of the great 
Atlanta campaign of that summer. He served with his battery till the close of the 
war, and was discharged in July, 1865, coming home in feeble health. He finally 
died from the effects of his army service; and, though often urged, would never 
ask a pension. He was noble, generous, brave and patriotic, and freely offered his 
young life for the Union." 

Mr. Humphrey also gives this touching incident ; — 

"He and I were both at the bloody batde of Shiloh.- I was with Grant in 
the first day's battle (Sunday), and John came in with Buell the second day. The 
night of the second day's batde, we met around a camp-fire for the first time since 
leaving home, — both wounded, hungry, foot-sore, weary, mid the sad surroundings 
of that great battle-field, each glad to find the other alive, — and talked of mother, 
home and duty, and of comrades that lay sleeping their last sleep upon the field. 
I shall never forget the impressions of that night's meeting. Twice afterward during 
the war we met upon battle-fields, in the Atlanta campaign. * * * 

* N.imed lor her aunt Harriet, [Fam. 31 (389), J.] No middle name origmally. 


"I ought to say further concerning my brother that he had a fine mind, and, 
although his opportunities were meager, he succeeded in obtaining a good school 
education, which was supplemented by extensive reading and observation. 

"He resembled his father; — was diffident in manner, kind m disposition, tem- 
pierate and exemplary in habit, and had the courage to do his duty regardless of 
consequences. " 
625. VII. Lyman Uxderwood,' b. 25 July, 1844; m. Amanda Lecinar<l. Family 87. 

fa:\iily 55. 

626. Joseph" Humphrey, [399] (Capt. Joseph,^ Joseph,^ Joseph,^- Scrgt. John,'' Michael,^) 
was born 27 Oct., 177S, in Simsbury, Ct. He married, 20 Feb., 1797, Betsey (dau. of Ozias) 
Phelps, of Simsbury-. They removed from that town to Ridgeville, Lorain Co., Ohio, in 1822, 
and there died leaving many descendants. 
Children (lorn in Simsbury): 

627. I. Orsox Joseph, 7 b. 12 ]May, 1798; d. 3 Dec, 1867; m. Lucina SutlifT. Family 88. 

628. II. Sally,7 b. 3 June, 1801 ; m. 8 Oct., 1823, Ichabod Terrell, of Ridgeville. O., b. i 

Oct, 1800, son of Ichabod and Rhoda (Williams) Terrell, of Waterbury, Ct., after- 
ward of Ridgeville. Res. (1883) in Ridgeville, on the farm where they commenced 
their married life ; R O. address. North Ridgeville, O. They have grandchildren 
and great-grandchildren whose names we have not obtained. Children: 

629. i. Gillespie,' b. 27 July, 1824, Ridgeville, O.; m. 15 Nov. 1842, Lucretia Tucker. 

630. ii. Emeline,' b. 2 Nov. 1826; m. 22 Feb. 1845, Benjamin F. Taylor. 

631. iii. Theresa,' b. 30 Jan. 1829; m. 5 Apr. 1848, Rufus BrUSh. 

632. iv. Delilah L.», b. 26 June, 1831; m. 3 July, 1854, Frank Salisbury. 

633. V. Ursula L.^ b. i Feb. 1834; m. 20 Dec. 1859, Frank HlgglnS. 

634. vi. Betsey A.', b. 24 July, 1836; m. 20 Dec. 1859, W. W. Boynton. 

635. III. Jewry,7 b. 28 Apr., 1804 ; removed to Ohio with his parents, but returned to Con- 

necticut, where he died suddenly, ae. 23 years; was unmarried.* 

636. IV. Axxis,7 b. 7 Jan., 1807; m. 2 Mch., 1826, Harry Terrell, b. 7 .\pr., 1806, Water- 

bury, Ct, son of Ichabod and Rhoda (Williams) Terrell, of W., and brother of 
Ichabod, who married Sally ? Humphrey. Mrs. Annis Terrell died 19 Aug., 1880. 

The father of Harry Terrell exchanged his lands in Waterbury, Ct., for an 
undivided third of the north-east quarter of the township of Ridgeville, Ohio, and in 
October, 18 10, settled with his family on this tract of land, then an unbroken 
wilderness. He was, therefore, but four years old when he began to encounter the 
stern realities of frontier life. He very early learned to use the rifle with unerring 
aim, and many were the trophies of deer, bears, wolves, etc., of which he and his 
brothers were the winners. He met with two very narrow escapes with his life, from 
wild animals, while hunting alone in the woods; but these incidents were quite com- 
mon to all the early settlers. 

His education was such as he could pick up in this pioneer settlement, where 
every one was battling to clear the soil of its dense forest. His arithmetic was ac- 
quired by figuring with a coal on the puncheon floor, his father being the instructor. 
Eager and quick to learn, he soon mastered reading, writing, etc., and was so much 
in advance of the other children of his age, that we find him, when nineteen years 
old, teaching their school. 

• November 6, 1827, inventory uf goods. &c , ol Jewry Humphrey —//ar^/'oivj' Prob. Records. 


He was commissioned by Governor Allen Trimble as captain in the 9th Company, 
2d Regiment, 2d Brigade, 9th Division, in the Ohio Militia, to rank as such from 
the 7th day of November, 1829. He held various offices of trust, both from his 
town and county. Elected Justice of the Peace in 1835, he continued for many years 
to fill that position for which he was so well qualified. Several instances are men- 
tioned in which he adjourned court and went with the parties to their homes to effect 
a settlement and reconciliation. Among the German settlers he was known as "the 
man vot makes it all right." He was by occupation a farmer. 

He was proverbially neat in his person and appearance, and correct and exact 
in everything he did. Always cheerful and social, in his later years nothing pleased 
him better than to have his house full of young people as visitors. 

He died September 4th, 1864, at Ridgeville. His wife survived him, and con- 
tinued to live for many years on the farm, and in the same house where they 
commenced their married life, and where he had lived since he was four years 
old. * Children (born at Ridgeville, O. ) : 

637. i. Jay,* b. 7 Feb. 1827; married at Avon, Lorain Co., O., 16 Nov. 1848, Etna Elizabeth 

(dau. of Hon. Elah and Elizabeth Moon) Park, of A. 

Mr. Terrell is a geologist, and much given to scientific investigations. In 1867, 
he discovered fossils called the great Ohio fishes, which were named Dinichthys Terrelli. 
They are plated ganoid fishes of the Devonian period. Since that time, by constant 
effort, he has discovered the Dinichthys Corrugatus, a large plated fish, the Diplog- 
natlius Mirabilis, with wonderful double-acting jaws, the Ctenacanthus Compressus, — 
a Devonian shark — two species of Cladodtis, lower carboniferous sharks, and several 
species of fishes yet undescribed or named, entirely new to the scientific world. These 
discoveries are widely known both in Europe and America, and most of them are 
described in all our text-books used in colleges. Res. (1SS3) Oberlin, Ohio. Children: 
(i) Rev. Clay,' b. 30 Nov. 1849, Ridgeville, C; was educated at Berea and Oberlin 
Colleges. He married at Oberlin, O., 30 Sept. 1874, Mary (dau. of Joseph and Mary 
A. Deming) Metcalf, of O. (2) Elah,' b. 29 Sept. iSJi, Ridgeville; is an architect. 
In 1883, he was at Columbus, O. (3) Harry," b. 22 Sept. 1856, Gallaudet, Ind.; d. 
25 Oct. 1882, Oberlin, O.; (4) Park,' b. 27 Aug. 1858, Avon, C; is a student in 
Oberlin College, class of 1886. (5) Alice,' b. 23 Dec. 1861, Avon, O. ; died there, 15 
Apr. 1864; (6) Alice,' b. 24 Feb. 1866, Avon, O.; (7) Charles Mills,' b. 15 Oct. 
1870, Sheffield, O. 

638. ii. Ann,* b. 22 Jan. 1829; unmarried. Res. (1883) Ridgeville; P. O. address. North 

Ridgeville, O. 

639. iii. Jane,' b. 10 Dec. 1832; married, in Ridgeville, O., I May, 1853, Charles Samuel MillSi 

born in that town, 7 Dec. 1829, son of Samuel Mills, who died 24 June, 1839, and 
Sally (Vannatten) who died 5 May, 1873, both in Ridgeville. He is a farmer; is, 
and has been for many years, County Commissioner of Lorain County. He has also 
been president of the County Agricultural Society, and held other county offices and 
places of trust and honor. Res. (1883) Elyria, O. Children: (l) Grace Agnes' 
(Mills), b. 27 Apr. 1854, Ridgeville; d. 18 Aug. 1855, Watertown, Jefferson Co., N. Y.; 
(2) Alice May" (Mills), b. 8 Dec. 1857, Ridgeville; d. 1 Dec. 1861, Eaton, O.; (3) 
Arys Terrell" (Mills), b. 23 June, i860, Eaton, O.; (4) Jennie Terrell' (Mills), b. 19 
Sept. 1863, "Eaton; (5) Harry Terrell' (Mills), b. i Nov. 1869, Eaton. 

* Furnished by Mr. J.iy Terrell ; for further account of the Terrell lamily see his history of Ridgeville, Ohic 
for publication 


640. iv. Arys,' b. 21 Feb. 1834; d. 25 July, 1836, Ridgeville. 

641. V. Arys," b. 28 Apr. 1836; married, in Ridgeville, O., 15 May, 1S66, Franklin Benjamin 

Powell. She died 28 Sept. 1878, Ridgeville, O. He res. (1883) Ravenna, Portage 
Co., O. Children: (i) Claud" (Powell), b. 11 Mch. 1871, Sandusky City, Erie Co., 
O.; (2) Maud' (Powell), twin of Claud, = b. 11 Mch. 1871, Sandusky City; (3) Madge' 
(Powell), b. 25 Nov. 1875, Port Clinton, Ottawa Co., O. 

642. ■ vi. Joseph Humphrey,' b. 15 Oct. 1838; married in North Ridgeville, O., 27 May, 1864, 

Irene Amanda (dau. of Thomas Alonzo and Fanny Smith Beebe) Benham, b. 9 Oct. 
1838, North Ridgeville. No children. Commercial traveler. Res. (1883) Grand 
Rapids, Mich. 

643. vii. Emeline,» b. 28 Dec. 1841; d. 6 Oct. 1844, Ridgeville. 

644. viii. Orson Jewry,' b. 13 Dec. 1844; m. (i) in Ridgeville, O., 16 Dec. 1865, Lucinda (dau. of 

George and Harriet) Faxon; m. (2) in Ridgeville, 3 May, 1874, Narcissa Charlotte 
(dau. of Lewis F. and Vesta Richards) Laine, and widow of Eli Porter Smith. Merchant. 
P. O. add. (1883) North Ridgeville, O. Children (by jsi marriage): (i) George," b. 5 Jan. 
1867. fBy 2d marriage; born in Ridgeville): (2) Clara Annis,' b. 7 July, 1875; (3) 
Grace Emeline,' b. 2 Nov. 1876; d. 17 Aug. 1878, in Ridgeville. 
64S-. ix. Emeline,' b. 25 Oct. 1847; married, at Ridgeville, O., 27 Jan. 1869, Justus Erwin 

(son of Justus T.) Hemck, of Twinsburgh, O., born in that town, 23 Apr. 1844. 
In 1883, he was a member of the firm of Herrick & Randall, Dealers in General 
Groceries, 116 Monroe St., Grand Rapids, Michigan, and was residing in that town 
with his family. Child: (i) Eena Delphene' (Herrick), b. 26 Sept. 1881, Grand 

646. X. Juline," b. 9 Aug. 1850; d. 25 Sept. 1852, Ridgeville. 

647. V. Mark,7 b. 29 June, 1813 ; m. Nancy Beebe. Family 89. 


648. Luke*^ Humphrey, [401] (Cipl. Joseph,^ Joseph,'' Joseph,^' Sergt. John,- Michael,' ) 
was born 17 Jan., 1784, in Simsbury, Ct. He married Nancy (dau. of Seth) Gilbert, a native uf 
Berlin, Ct. She was admitted a member of the Congregational church in Simsbury, in 1S15. He 
was a farmer in Hop Meadew, Simsbury. He died 8 Sept., 1847, '^- ^4 years.* His widow sur- 
vived him twenty years, and died 12 Dec, 1867, ae. 85 years.f 
■ Children: 

649. I. Norman,' b. 6 Sept., 1805; d. 2 Feb., 1876; m. Florella Griffin. Family 90. 

650. n. Newton,'' b. 5 May, 1807; d. 21 Apr., 1S59, ae. 52; m. Avis Reed. Family 91. 

651. HI. Horace Weston,' b. 1810; d. 4 Feb., 1842, a;. 32; m. Jane . Family 92. 


652. ThaddeUS' Humphrey, [411] (Thaddacs,^ Lt. Nalhaniel,^ Esq. John,* Dca. John,^ 
Sergt. John," Alichael,' ) was born 8 June, 1791, in Simsbury, Ct. He married there, 8 Sept., 
1830, (Simsbury Records) Parentha* (dau. of James and Susannah 5 Humphrey) Bodwell, b. 28 
Aug., 1798, in Simsbury. [Fam. 25, S.=^] She was a member of the Congregational church in 
that town, in 1814. 

* Inscription in Hop Meadoiv Burying-ground : i8 Sept., ace. to S. J. Ch.ipnian. [Fam. 32, J.] 

t Inscription in Hop Meadow Buryhtg-grouiid . On the Simsbury Records is found; "December 12, 1867, Nancy Humplirey, b. 
Berlin, res. Simsbury, a widow, died of old age, — 85 years." 

Mr. Humphrey removed, in September, 1811, to Windsor, Ashtabula Co.. O, where he 
continued to reside until his death, which occurred 19 Nov., 1S72, at the age of 81 3-ears. . Mrs. 
Humphrey died in W., 4 Dec, i860, ». 62 years. 
Children (born in Windsor, O. ) : 

653. I. Susan Jane,^ b. 9 June, 1831; m. in Windsor, O., 5 July, 1857, William Augustus 

Baird. He is a farmer; res. {1882) Windsor Mills, Ashtabula Co., O. 

654. n. Henry S.^, b. 3 Jan., 1835; m. 17 Oct., 1872, Mary A. Pearson, b. i Sept., 1853, 

Newtonia, Newton Co., Missouri. No children. Res. (1882) Newtonia, Mo. 


655- David' Humphrey [420] (Thaddeus,^ Lieut. Nathaniel,^ Esq. John,'' Dea. John,T> 
Sergt. John,'' Michael,'') was burn 5 Oct., 1804, in Simsbury, Ct. He removed to Windsor, Ash- 
tabula County, Ohio, in Sept., 1835 ; and married there, 4 Feb., 1839, Caroline Clapp, born 4 
Jan., 1807, in Tolland, Ct., dau. of Stephen and Mary (Loomis) Clapp, of Windsor, O.* 
Children : 

656. I. LucRETiA,* b. 29 Jan., 1840. 

657. n. Increase C.^ b. 17 Mch., 1842; m. 7 Apr., 1863, Marion Wisweil, of Windsor, 

Ohio. Res. (1882) Windsor, O. 

658. III. Melissa C.^, b. 27 Sept., 1846. 


659- Anson' Humphrey, [439] (DosUheus.^ EHsha,^ Sergt. Benajah,^ Dea. John,^ Sergt. 
John,'' Michael,'') was born 2 Oct., 1802, in Simsbury, Ct. He married Emily Hayden, 10 Oct., 
i86i;f was a farmer at Simsbury, Ct., where both of his children were bom; res. (1870) East 
Weatogue, Ct. 
Children : 

660. I. Albert Anson,^ b. 10 Mch., 1864; d. 13 Mch., 1866 ae. 2 years.J 

661. II. Allison,^ b. 25 June, 1867. 


662. Benajah ' Humphrey, L440] (DosHheus,^ Ellsha,^ Sergt. Be?mjah,* Dea. John,i 
Sergt. John,' Michael,') was born 4 Dec, 1805, in Simsbury, Ct. He married in that town, 4 
May, 1831,** Olive (dau. of Hezekiah and Hannah Kingsbury) Goodwin, b. 15 Apr., 1811, at 
Simsbury. They settled in their native town, at East Weatogue. He was a farmer, and the owner 
of land which had descended by succession in the family from Michael the Emigrant. He died 
20 March, 1882, ae. 76 years. He was a captain in the State Militia. 
Children (born in Simsbury): 

663. I. Alfred Benajah,* b. 20 Mch., 1832; m. (i) Louise Jennette Arthur; m. (2) Carrie 

Steele. Family 93. 

664. II. Harriet Lydia," b. 14 Nov., 1833; married, in Simsbury, Ct., 28 Nov., 1850, George 

Sylvester (son of Eben Bishop and Rebecca Crumley) Evarts, b. 15 Mch., 1829, 

* Loomis Genealogy, Female Branches, Vol. II., p. 753. 

t Described in record of marriage, { Ttnim Rec.J as "b. at Suffield, of Suflietd, aged 31 : first m. of each." 

t "Anson A. Humphrey, aged 2 years, bom in Simsbury, died of diphtheria." Simsbury Records; — "Albert Anson," in recording 
date of birth. 

" Stiles' Hist. 0/ .Ancient Windsor. 

Guilford, Ct. , and a resident of Hartford at the time of his marriage.* She died 
10 Jan., 1883. He is a blacksmith; res. (1883) Topeka, Kansas. Children (born 
in Hartford, Ct.): 

665. i. George Alfred,' b. 5 Dec. 1853. 

666. ii. Eugene Lester,' b. 6 May, 1856. 

667. iii. Frederick Lawrence,' b. 13 Feb. 1858. 

668. iv. Harry Howard,' b. 10 June, i860; d. 19 Jan. 1862, Hartford. 

669. V. Harriet Isabella,' b. 4 May, 1862. 

670. vi. Harry Goodwin,' b. 22 Dec. 1865. [See Add., p. 241.] 

671. III. Eugene Columbus.^ b. 7 Aug., 1835; m. in Bristol, Ct., 31 Dec, 1865, Harriet 

Eliza (dau. of Thomas and Emily Caldwell) Wells, of West Hartford, Ct., b. 5 May, 
1835. They res. (1883) Simsbury, (East Weatogue) Ct. No children. 

672. IV. Helen Maria, ^ b. 12 July, 1837; m. 7 Mch., 1859,* Reuben Lester (son of Eben 

Bishop and Rebecca Crumley) Evarts, of Hartford, Ct. , b. 18 July, 1834, Guilford, 
Ct. She died 23 Mch., 1873. [Add. p. 241.] He res. (1883) Hartfoid, Ct. 

673. V. John Calvin Edmund,^ b. 7 May, 1841 ; m. Mary Elvira Kimball. Family 94. 


674. Levi WoOSter' Humphreys, M- D., [450] (Levi,'' Michael,'' Dea. Michael,^ Dea. 
Johni Sergt. John,^ Michael,^) was born 28 Apr., 1792, in Simsbury, Ct.f He studied medicine 
in Connecticut and, after his graduation in 1816, settled at Southwick, Mass., where he remained 
in the practice of his profession until the time of his death. He married (1) in \\'estfield, Mass., 
21 Dec, 1820, Mary (dau. of Daniel and Mary Fowler) Fowler, of that town, b. 26 June, 1798. 
She died 4 May, 1826, se. 28 years. He married (2) in Southwick, Mass., 24 Jan., 1828, Betsey 
(dau. of Dorus and Sarah Barker) Stiles, of S. , b. i Oct., 1801. Their children were all born in 
Southwick He died 2 Apr., 1850, a;. 58 years. 

Children (by 1st marriage) : 
675. I. Helen,' b. 27 Feb., 1822; d. in Northampton, Mass., 18 Feb, 1866, £e. 44 years. 
She married (i) in Southwick, 27 Aug., 1845, Albert Ripley (son of Frederick A. 
and Lucy Clark) Palmer, b. 14 Mch., 1819, Amherst, Mass., where his parents 
resided. He graduated at Amherst College in Aug., 1839; studied law, commenced 
practice in Racine, Wis., and there died, 12 Sept., 1846. His widow married (2) 
I Jan., 1852, William Henry (son of Solomon and Sarah Tappan) Stoddard, born 
1805, Northampton, Mass., where his parents resided. He is a merchant; res. 
(1882) Northampton, Mass.; has been deacon of the Congregational church in that 
place for many )ears. Childrett (by ist marriage) : 
6361. i. Mary' (Palmer), b. 8 July, 1846, Racine, Wis.; d. 28 Aug. 1868, Northampton, Mass.; 

fBy 2d marriage) : 
(fft- ii. John Tappan' (Stoddard), b. 20 Oct. 1852, Northampton; m. 26 June, 1879, May G. 

Leavitt, dau. of Rev. W. S. Leavitt, formerly pastor of the Congregational church in 
Northampton, Mass. He was (1882) Professor of Physics in Smith's College, North- 
ampton, Mass. 

• Simsbury Records. 

■t David Wells Humphrey can remember when his father wrote his name Humphreys, but the s was omitted by himself and his 
sisters, without any definite reason he thinks 

678. II. Mary Hannah,^ b. 14 Mch., 1824; d. at Montgomery, Ala., 2 Feb., 1859, a;. 35 

years. She married, in Northampton, Mass., Oct., 1856, Silas Ames, M. D., of 
Montgomery, Ala., where he was for many years engaged in the practice of medi- 
cine, until his death, which occurred in that place, Dec, 1858. He was a native 
of Virginia. She resided in Monson, Mass., 1843-4; South Hadley, Mass., (Mt. 
Holyoke Seminary, being a graduate of that institution) 1844-6; Racine, Wis., 
1846-9; Onondaga Valley, N. Y., 1849-50; Tuscaloosa, Ala., 1851-3; Montgomery, 
Ala., 1853-9. Child: 

679. i. FaniiiL',' b. July, 1858, Faribault, Minnesota; d. Dec. 1858, Montgomery, Ala. 

680. III. David Wells,^ b. 23 Apr., 1826; m. Adelaide Wells King. Family 95. 
(By 2d marriage) : 

681. IV. Jane,^ b. 22 Dec, 1829; graduated at Mt. Hol3-oke Seminary in 1848; m. in 1858, 

William Henry Wilkinson, born in Geneva, N. Y., son of Edward and Jane (Smith) 
Wilkinson of Penn Yan, N. Y. He graduated at Geneva College, N. Y., in 1856, and 
was for several years engaged in teaching at Montgomery, Ala. Has since been con- 
nected with book publishing, and has been in London, England, a portion of the, 
time. She has resided in the following places: Amherst, Mass. (1848-50); Willoughby, 
Ohio ; Washington, Ga. ; Groton, Mass. ; Southwick, Mass. ; removed to the last-named 
place in 1862, and was residing there in 1882. Children (horn in Southwick): 

682. 1. Edward Humphrey,' b. 20 June, 1859. 

683. ii. Arthur Humphrey," b. 17 Jan. 1861. 

684. iii. Fannie Humphrey,' b. 16 July, 1862. 

685. iv. Bertha Helen,' b. 25 Sept. 1873. 

686. V. Martha,^ b. 22 May, 1831 ; d. in Southwick, Mass., 10 Dec, 1851, ■st. 21 3ears ; : 

was unmarried. 

687. VI. Frances Maria, ^ b. 24 June, 1833; d. 26 May, 1856, se. 23 years; graduated at Mt. ' 

Holyoke Seminary in 1854; died at Montgomery, Ala., where she had been en- 
gaged in teaching. She was unmarried. 

688. VII. Sarah Stiles,^ b. 21 June, 1S36 ; d. at Southwick, 18 Nov., 1854, x.: 18 years; was 



689. Adnah' Humphrey, [454] (Levi,'' Michad,'= Dea. Michael,'' Dea. John,^ Sergt. John,- 
Michael,'') was born 2 Mch., 1803, probably in Simsbury, Ct., where his parents resided. He married, 
in 1825, Caroline Stowe, of New Hartford, Ct. They removed to Illinois, where he died leaving 
a family. His widow returned to Hartford, Ct., with a daughter. She married again, and, in 
1870, was residing in Rochester, N. Y. 
Children : 

[Two sons and two daughters whose names have not been ascertained ; one of the 
daughters was residing (1870) at Rochester, N. Y. ] 


690- Richard Cromwell' Humphrey, [471] (Richard,'' Michael,^ Dea. Michael,* Dea. 
John,'i Sergt. John,'' Michael,') was born 7 Nov., 181 1, in Simsbury, Ct. He there married, 13 
Apr. , 1 840, Delia Ursula Moses, a native and resident of Simsbury. After their marriage they re- 
moved to Candor, N. Y. , where their three children were born; then to Spencer, N. Y. , a few 


miles distant. In 1879, Mr. Humphrey returned to Simsbury, Ct. : was residing, in 1883, at Canton, 
Ct. Farmer and shoemaker. Mrs. Humphrey died in Spencer, N. Y., at the residence of her son 
Richard, 17 June, 1882. 
Children : 

691. I. Richard,^ b. 22 Jan., 1841 ; married Sarah Jane Meads. Family 96. 

692. II. MosES,^ b. 6 May, 1844: was unmarried in 1883; a mill-wright by occupation. 

693. III. Amelia.* b. 25 ^Mch., 1846; married Simeon Signor, a farmer. 

[C/ii/J : ;' was living in 1882.] 


694- Daniel Granville' Humphrey, [475) T-O^?""/ Granviiie,^ Hon. Datiiei:^ Den. 

Michael,^ Dea. John,' Sagl. Juhn,^ Michad,\) was born 2 2 Sept., 1795. He married, 31 Oct., 
1820, Eliza (dau. of Reuben and Martha Wilson) Burr, of Torrington (the part which is now 
Burrville), Litchfield County, Ct. He was a farmer. In 1838, he held stock in a People's Store 
in Torrington, which had a capital of $4,000. Mrs. Humphrey was born in that town, 16 Jan., 
1801. He died 23 Sept., 1858, ae. 63 years; was buried in Torringford, Ct., where he had re- 
sided. His widow married, as 3d wife, Selah Steele, of New Britain, and afterward of West 
Winsted, Ct.* He is deceased; and she res. (1S83) with her daughter Mrs. Foote, at Lawrence, Mass. 
Children (born in Torringford. Ct. ) : 

695. I. Jane Elizabeth," b. 5 .\ug , 1821; m. in Torringford, Ct., 22 July, 1851, John 

Chester Foote, b. 11 A|)r.. 1819, Alford, Mass., son of Chester Foote,f who died 
at Jonesville, N. Y., 13 Apr., 1S75, ^i. 84 years, and Rebecca (Sherman), who was 
residing (1882) at Jonesville. ■&. 85 years. In 1883, he was office clerk and book- 
keeper for the "Beach Soap Company;" res. No. 119 Lawrence St., Lawrence, 
Mass. Children: 

696. i. Charles Heiiiy," Ij. 15 Apr. 1852, Toiringforcl, Ct.; d. 15 Sept. 1852, ae. 5 months. 

697. ii. Martha Eliz.i,'' b. 29 Nov. 1853, Derby, Ct.; m. in Lawrence, Mass., 4 June, 1879, Rev. 

Albert \V. Safforcl, of Darhnglon, Wisconsin, where they were residing in 1883. 
Children: (I) George Chester '» (SaiTord), b. 6 May, 1S80, Darlington; (2) Clara Mil 
dred '" (SalTord), b. 14 Apr. 1882, Darlington. 
6gS. iii. Clara Jane,'' li. 2g June, 1856, Burrville, Ct. ; res. (1883) Lawrence, Mass. 

699. II. Philander Phelps,^ b. 26 Feb.", 1S23 ; d. 18 Aug., 1S62, ae. 39; m. Susan Angier 
Ames. Family 97. 
^Martha Lixretia,* b. i Feb., 1826; d. in Torringford, Ct., 9 Jul}', 1833, ae. 7 yrs. 
Charles Granville,^ b. 26 Aug., 1829; united with the church in Torringford, in 
1843 ; m. in Winsted, Cl, 12 Oct., 1854, Maria (dau. of Lewis) Moore, of W. 
No children. P. O. address (1883) No. 52 Tyler St., New Haven, Ct 
James Daniel,^ b. 15 Feb., 1835; m. Chloe Watson. Family 98. 
Henry Brewster Stanton,^ b. 20 Dec, 1839; d. 9 Oct., 1868, ae. 29 years; m. 
Henrietta S. Rogers. Family 99. 


704. Alexander' Humphrey, [4S2] (Esq. Alexander Campbell.^ Hon. Daniel,' Dea. 
Michael,* Dea. John,' Sergt. John,- Michael,') was born 25 Sept., 1791, in Simsbury, Ct. He 

* Andrews' AWy Britain Geneahf^ies. 
I For ancestral line see Foote Genealogy. 










married, in Granb)', Ct. , 1813, Abigail (dau. of I.evi and Mercy Carter) Chapman, of G., born 
20 Nov., 1793, in Russell, Mass. They settled at Simsbury, where he became a member of the 
Congregati'jnal church in 1814, and his wife in 1815. In 1840, they removed to Quincy, Illinois, 
arriving there the 8th of June. He bought a farm outside of the city limits, in what is now (1882) 
called Melrose Township, where they continued to reside until their death. She died i May, 1865, 
ae. 71 years. He died 4 Mch., 1870, ae. 78 years. They were buried in the cemetery at Quincy. 
During his residence in Simsbury, Mr. Humphrey was a carpenter and joiner; but after his removal 
to Illinois he engaged in farming. 
Childreji (horn in Simsbury ) : 

705. I. Alexander Albert,** b. 20 June, 1814; m. in Hamilton, III, i Feb., 1866, Sally 

Jane (dau. of William and Laura West) Carey, and widow of Suess.* She 

was born 22 June, 1829, in Chenango, Broome Co., N. Y. , the residence of her 
parents; and died 22 June, 1866, Quincy, 111. He is a farmer; has been overseer 
of the poor. P. O. address (1882) Quincy, 111. 

706. II. Am.\nd.\,^ b; 3 Aug., 1816; d. in Simsbury, Ct., 14 July, 1818, se.t 2 years. 

707. III. Cyrus Leverett,* b. 7 Mch., 1820; d. 9 July, 1874, ce. 54 years. He had a farm 

at Hamilton, 111., and there he resided until about six weeks before his death. On 
account of illness he returned to Melrose, where he died;, was buried in the family 
lot, in the cemetery at Quincy. He was unmarried ; was enrolling officer during 
the war, and held various public offices. 

708. IV. Edward Franklix,' b. 25 Nov., 1823; m. (i) Mary Ann Keyes ; m. (2) Martha 

Elizabeth (Dennis) Care}-. Family 100. 


709. Campbell' Humphrey [483] (Esq. Alexander Campbell,'' Hon. Daniel,^ Dea. Michael,'' 
Dea. John,i Scrgt. John,'' Michael,^) was born 22 Nov., 1793, in Simsbury, Ct. He married, 9 
Apr., 18 16, Dolly Goodw-in Williston, a native of Simsbury, born 26 Aug., 1792, dau. of 
William and Dolly (McLean) Williston ; gr. dau. of Consider and Rhoda (King) Williston, and of 
John and Sarah (Goodwin) IMcLean. Res. Simsburj', Ct. She was admitted to membership in the 
Congregational church in that place in 1814 ; and "Campbell Humphrey" in 1815. This may 
have been Campbell,* [Earn. 41, J.^] She was still a member of that church in 1862; died at 
the residence of her son-in-law, Rev. Joseph Toy, before Aug., 1882. Mr. Humphrey died 10 
Dec, 1843, ^' Athens, Georgia, as. 50 years. J 

Child ( born in Simsbury ) : 
710. I. Sakah Goodwln',^ b. 20 Mch., 1817; was mentioned in the will of her aunt Cynthia' 

Humphrey, Oct. 11, 1830. [Earn. 41 (490), J.^] She m. (i) 21 Aug., 1838, James 
Bestor Merritt, of Barkhamsted, Ct., b. 19 Jan., 1814 ; d. at Spring Hill, Ala., 31 Dec, 
1839, K. 26 3'ears. She m. (2) 19 Feb., 1849, (Simsbury Records) Rev. Joseph 
(son of Robert and Ann Davey) Toyi an Englishman, b. Apr., 1808. He is a 
Methodist minister and a fuse manufacturer, of Simsbury, Ct. , where they reside 
(1S82). Children (by 1st marriage): 

* Suess IS pronounced as if written Cease. 

t .Aged 2 yrs., 3 mos. — Inscription in Hop Meadtnv Buryhig-ground. 

% We have preserved, in the record of Campbell Humphrey and his family, the dates furnished from the recollections of Mrs. Dolly 
Goodwin (Williston) Humphrey ; have also been given the following : Campbell Humphrey b. 22 Nov. 1791 : probably incorrect — see date 
of birth of his brother Alexander, [Fam 65, J.J Sarah Goodwin, b. 25 Mch. 1S17- D.ate of death of her ist husband, 29 Dec. 1839; date 
ol birth of their son, 31 Dec. 1839. Date of birth ol a son by second husband,— George Bickford Davey Toy, 18 Mch. 1S52. 


711. i. James Bestor' (Merritt), b. i Jan. 1840, at Spring Hill, Ala.; m. Catherine Cunnolly, of 

Illinois; res. in Alameda, Cal. 
(By 2d marriage) : 

712. ii. William Williston' (Toy), b. 29 July, 1850. 

713. iii. George Bickford Davey' (Toy), b. 25 Mch. 1852, Simsbury, Ct.; was a member of the 

class of 1873, at Wesleyan University, Middletown. 

714. iv. Sarah Jeanette' (Toy), b. 26 Oct. 1857. 


715- Hiram^ Humphrey, I484' f-^-*?- Alexander Campbdl," Hon. Daniel,'' Dea. 3Iiehael,* 
Dea. John,^ Sergt. John,- Michael,^ j \vas born 7 Nov., 1797, in Simsbury, Ct. He married, 1827, 
Mary Adams, of Barkhamsted,* Ct., grand-daughter of Ezekiel Hayes, of B. [See Fam. 40 (477), 
J. = ] She died 9 Sept., 1853, at Schoolcraft, Mich. In the fall of 1857, Mr. Humphrey removed 
from that town to New Carlisle, Indiana, where he was engaged in the hardware, tin and sheet- 
iron business. He died in New Carlisle, 3 Nov., 1878, ae. 81 years. [See Add., p. 242. J 
Children : 

716. I. Hiram W.^, married . Family 101. 

717. n. Harriet,^ married Lester. P. O. address (1883) Chester Centre, Pov/eshiek Co., 

Iowa. Children: 

718. i. James.' 

719. ii. Harrison.' 

720. iii. Jeremiah.' 

721. III. Mary Jane,^ b. 12 Feb, 1836; m. Joshua C. BaCOII, b. 9 Oct., 1830. Farmer. 

Res. (1883) Chester Centre, Poweshiek Co., Iowa. Children: 

722. i. Etta F.', b. 20 May, 1859. 

723. ii. Fred. H.', b. 16 May, 1861. 

724. iii. Ida A.", b. 30 Aug. 1S63. 

725. iv. William D.', b. 20 Nov. 1865; d. 1882. 

726. V. Albert H.', b. 20 Mch. 1S68. 

727. vi. Hiram J.', b. 7 Aug. 1870. 

728. vii. Harriet A.'\ b. 6 Oct. 1872. 

729. viii. Edith M.», b. 30 Dec. 1875; d. 1S82. 

730. IV. Sabra,^ b. 27 Apr., 1851, West Carlisle, Ohio; m. in New Carlisle, Ind., 22 Dec, 

1869, George Egbert, b. 12 Aug., 1847, Terre Coupee, Ind., son of Daniel and 
Catherine (Barnes) Egbert, of Monona, Iowa. Farmer. Res. (1883) Monona, Iowa. 
Children (born in Monona): 
73'- 1- Mary,' b. 31 Oct. 1870. 

732- ii- Kate,' b. 12 Sept. 1875. 


733' Matthew Humphrey, [491 1 '(Esq. Alexander Campbell:^ Hon. Daniel:^ Dea. 
Michael,'' Dea. John, ^ Sergt. John,' Michael.' ) was. horn 24 Aug., 1807, in Simsbury, Ct. He married, 
in 1833, Lucilda (dau. of Russell) Barber, of Middletown, Vt., born there, 9 June, 1807. They 
settled in Granville, New York; m 1841, removed to Granville, Ohio, where they remained till 
185 1, and then removed to W3'oming, N. Y. 

* Of Gr.inby, ace to (he widow of Campbell Humphrey. 


She died lO Sept., 1882, ae. 75 years. Mr. Humphrey has been engaged in mercantile 

pursuits the greater part of his life. He res. (1883) Minneapolis, Minnesota. [See Add., p. 242.] 
Children : 

734. I. Helen Statira,^ b. 7 Feb., 1837, in North Granville, N. Y. ; m. 24 Nov., 1868, 

Moses Goodrich, b. 14 Jan., 1836, Granville, O., to which place his father had 
removed from Simsbury, Ct. , where he had been a neighbor of Matthew ' Hum- 
phrey. Since their marriage they have resided in Granville, Ohio. Mrs. Goodrich 
is an artist, and gives instruction in painting and drawing in the Granville Young 
Ladies' Institute. Children : 

735. i. Albert Dwight," b. I Feb. 1870. 

736. ii. Robin Raymond," b. 26 Apr. 1873. 

737. II. Elon Dwight,^ b. 22 Apr., 1839, Middletown, Vt. ; was for three years in the Union 

Army, in Sheridan's Corps. He was ist Sergeant of the ist New York Dragoons, 
and was engaged in many hot batdes. While in service he received a gun-shot 
wound in the left arm, but soon recovered and returned to the field. He witnessed 
the final surrender of General Lee. After the war he became a teacher; res. (1883) 
Perry, Iowa ; unmarried. 

738. III. Albert Jarvis,^ b. 17 June, 1842, Granville, O. ; was, also, in the war for the Union, 

he having been with Burnside, in the 2d New York Mounted Rifle Regiment. In 
a cavalry engagement in front of Petersburgh, a few weeks after his enlistment, he 
lost his left arm. He afterward became a government clerk in Buff'alo, N. Y. Res. 
(1883) Minneapolis, Minn.; unmarried. 


739- Phelps' Humphrey, M. D., [495] (Br. PhUander,^ Hon. Da7iiel,= Dea. Michael,'^ 
Dea. John,^ Sergt. John,^ Michael,'') was born 7 Dec, 1800, in Hartland, Ct. He married, in 
East Granby, Ct., 2 Jan., 1834, Maria (dau. of Luther and Susan Holcomb) Holcomb, of E. G., 
born 16 Mch., 1807. They settled in Hartland, Ct. In 1838, they removed to Granville, Ohio, 
and subsequently to Columbus, Ohio, whence, his health becoming impaired, they removed to Etna, 
Licking Co., Ohio, in 1849. Failing to completely re-establish his health, he relinquished the prac- 
tice of his profession, and settled on a tract of land owned by him in, or near, Belmore, Putnam 
County, Ohio, where he died i Aug., i860, £e. 60 3'ears. 

Dr. Phelps Humphrey studied medicine under his father, and graduated from the medical 
department of Yale College. He stood high in his profession, and was a man universally beloved. 
The Chrisrian Religion claimed much of his consideradon in his later years, and he died in its firm 
faith and consolations. He was a Justice of the Peace in Hardand, Ct. ; was appointed Probate 
Judge for the District of Granby, in 1835, and was a member of the Legislatures of Connecdcut, 
(from Hartland, 1835), and of Ohio. He had the Bible of Esquire Daniels Humphrey, containing 
records of the family. (Earn. 22, J.=) His widow res. (1882) Toledo, Ohio, with her daughter 
Mrs. Waring. 
Children : 

740. I. Luther,^ b. 22 Mch., 1835, in Hartland, Ct. ; d. in Toledo, O.. 10 Mch., 1881, ae. 

46 years. He m in Toledo, 23 Nov., 1865, Elizabeth (dau. of William and Sarah 
Chambers) Southard, b. in 1842. Res. Toledo, Ohio. No children. 

741. II. Helen Maria, ^ b. 24 Feb., 1837. in Hardand, Ct. ; m. 30 Nov., 1871, in Toledo, 

O. , John Augustus (3d son of William Beetson and Jane Howard) Waring, b. at 


Pillar Point, N. Y. He was local agent for the T. C. and St. L. R. R., at Toledo, 
Ohio, (1882), where they resided. Child: 

742. 1. Florence Maria," b. 15 Jan. 1875, Toledo. 

743. III. SiSAN,' b. 22 Feb., 1839, Granville O.; d. 25 Aug., 1864, ae. 26; m. 15 Sept., 

1863, at Toledo, Wilson T. Prentiss, of Leipsic, Ohio, and went to Nashville, 
Tenn., where she died, leaving an infant son who died soon after. At the time of 
her death her husband was a fioutenant in the 14th Regiment, Ohio Vols. Infantry. 
744- i. Carolton Humphrey,' b. 21 Aug. 1864, Nashville, Tenn.; d. 24 Oct. 1864, Toledo, O. 

745. IV. Hubert,^ b. 2 Nov., 1841 ; d. 1864, £e. 23; m. Nancy Elizabeth Pickens. Family 102. 

746. V. Edwin,* b. 14 Dec, 1843, at Granville, Ohio; d. 16 Jan., 1S66, £e. 23 years. He 

ser\ed in the war of the Rebellion ; was taken prisoner at Harper's Ferry, but was 
immediately paroled ; was afterward detailed to act as secretary to Gen. Tillson. 
He was lost on the Mississippi river, five miles below Memphis, on the steamer 
Platte Valley. At the time of his death he had charge of two plantations belonging 
to Dr. McGavoc, which were situated below Memphis, where he had been to pur- 
chase supplies. 

747. VI. William Selby,** b. 20 July, 1848, at Columbus, O. ; has been for several years, and 

is now (1882) employed by the Commercial Agency of R. G. Dunn & Co., of 
Chicago, 111. 

748. VII. Alice Caroline,^ b. 3 Apr., 1851, at Etna, O. ; d. at Toledo, 21 Dec, 1864, ae. 13 


749. VIII. Albert Phelps,* b. 13 Dec, 1S54, at Belmore, Putnam Co., O. ; has been for the 

past seven years (1882) a salesman in the saddlery establishment of Risser & Reitz, 
Nos. 80 and 82 Wabash Ave., Chicago, 111. 


750. Darwin'' Humphrey, [502] {Dr. PhUander,^ Hmi. Daniel,^ Dea. Michael,'' Dea. 
John,i Sergt. John,'' Alichael,^ j was born 13 Ma}-, 1808, in Hartland, Ct. He married, in that 
town, 12 Oct., 1834, IMariette? (dau. of Esq. Augustus* and Lucy Goodman) Humphrey, born 14 
Feb., 1812. [Earn. 43, J.^J In May, 1835, they removed to Granville, Licking Co., Ohio, where 
he engaged in the mercantile business ; was also Postmaster for several years. He enjoyed the 
respect and confidence of the community, and was known as a zealous and liberal supporter of 
every social and Christian enterprise. With his family, he removed from Granville, O., to Lamar, 
Mo., in November, 1869, and was residing in that town in 1882. He is a man of robust physi- 
cal organization and noble presence. 
Children : 

751. I. John Jay,* b. 14 June, 1841 ; m. Mary E. McCutchen. Family 103. 

752. II. HoYT,* b. 8 Sept., 1848; m. Ella Wills. Family 104 

753. III. Anna Selby,* ) 

>• b. 29 Mch., 1856; res. (1882) Lamar, Mo., unmarried. 
754- IV. Lucy Goodman,* \ 


755. Judge Daniel' Humphrey, [505] (Dr. Philander,^ Hon. Daniel,^ Dea. Michael,* 
Dea. John,^ Sergl. John,- Michael, '^ ) was born 26 Jul\-, 1814, in Hartland, Ct. He married, at 


Granville, Ohio, 1 1 Apr., 1837, Jane (dau. of Charles and Martha Wildman*) French, b. 27 Jan., 
1 8 16, Bristol, Ct. They settled at Newark, Ohio, where he engaged in the practice of law. He 
was for several years Prosecuting Attorney for Licking County, and was the first Probate Judge 
for his county under the new Constitution of the State. He was a successful and promising mem- 
ber of his profession ; was an able political canvasser and eloquent stump orator. His early death, 
which occurred 15 Sept., 1859, at Columbus, was deeply lamented by a large circle of acquaintan- 
ces. His widow res. (1883) at Granville, Ohio. , 
Children : 

756. I. Charles French,^ b. 20 July, 1838 ; was formerly a jeweler in Indianapolis, Ind. 

He res. (1883), within three miles of Loveland, Larimer Co., Colorado, where he 
had a sheep and cattle ranch ; was unmarried. 

757. H. BvRON Philander,^ b. 13 June, 184 1, at Granville, O. In 1859. he first commenced 

railroading as a brakeman on the Pittsburgh, Columbus & Cincinnati Railroad ; and, 
in i860, was a fireman on the Central R. R. of New Jerse}'. 

He enlisted in the army as a private, June, 1861, at No. 648 Broadway, New 
York, in Company K, 2d New York Vols., Harris' Light Cavalry, Colonel J. Mans- 
field Davies ; and was mustered into the United States service 14 August, 1861. He 
was appointed recruiting sergeant and sent up the Central and Lackawanna Railroads 
to raise new soldiers to fill up company K, which was composed entirel}' of men 
employed on the railroads. 

He served in the Army of the Potomac during the war, excepting ten months 
when he was a prisoner. He re-enlisted as a veteran, Januar}', 1864, in the same 
regiment in which he first enlisted, and was once slightly wounded and three times 
taken prisoner: — first, at Cross Keys, Va., when he escaped with three others the 
same night; second, near Rockville, Md. , but was paroled the next day at Elliott 
Mills, Md., the rebels being too hotly pursued to hold him longer; third, at Ream's 
Station, Va. , while on a raid destroying all the railroad communications south of 
Richmond. Five hundred men (including two batteries of artillery) were taken pris- 
oners and, at Petersburgh, kept three days under the fire of Grant's guns ; thence 
removed to Richmond, Va., and afterward to Andersonville, Ga. , where Mr. Hum- 
phrey was confined seven months. The rebels becoming closely pressed, he was 
removed to prisons at Milan, Savannah and Thomasville, in Georgia ; and finally 
paroled at Baldwin, Florida. 

He was honorably discharged from the army, July, 1865, in New York City. 
He never received any promotion, excepting on the non-commissioned staff as corporal 
and sergeant; but may well be proud of his record as a soldier "without the star 
of a general." 

After the close of the war, he resumed his former occupadon, becommg a fire- 
man on the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railwa}', and two years later receiving 
his appointment as an engineer Was conductor, for three years, on the Kansas 
Pacific Railway, resigning that position to become Southern Passenger Agent of the 
Toledo, Wabash & Western Railroad, with headquarters at Dallas, Texas. He has 
been, for the last ten 3'ears, Western Passenger Agent of the Wabash, St. Louis & 
Pacific R. R ; and, in May, 1883, was appointed to a similar position on the 
Chicago and Atlantic Railway (which line is an extension of the New York & Erie 
R. R. from Marion, Ohio, to Chicago) with headquarters at Kansas City, Missouri, 
as in the former instance. — He is unmarried. 

* Charles French was born in 1789, Cummington, Mass.; and his wife, Martha Wildman, born ui i7ga, Bristol, Ct. 


758. III. F.i.LA,^ 1). 4 Nov., 1846; m. in Granville, O., 25 Dec, 1869, Rev. Henry Adelbert 

De Lano, b. 27 Jan., 1847, Oneida, N. Y. , son of Rev. William H. De Lane, 
who res. (1882) Owasco, N. Y., and his wife Clarissa (Chapin), of New York, now 
deceased. Res. (1883) Norwich, Chenango Co., N. Y., where he was pastor of the 
First Baptist Church ; \vas formerly settled at Dayton and Zanesville, Ohio. 
No children. 

759. lY. Kate,* b. 30 IMay, 1849; res. (1883) Granville, O. ; unmarried. 

760. V. Frank Selbv,* b. 4 Oct., 1854 ; m. Emma Staunton Hays. Family 105. 


761. Augustus Loyal' Humphrey, [509I (Esq. Augustus,^ Hon. Datu'el.= Dea. Michael,'' 

Dea. Johii.i Sii'g!. /"/ill.- Mil hill I, ^ } was born 27 Sept., 1795. He married Susan (dau. of E. ) Clark, 
of Hartland, Ct. . sister of Francis Clark, of H. She died in 1838, at Memphis, Tennessee. Mr. 
Humphrey afterwards resided in Oregon City, Oregon; was a member of the State Legislature. 

762. I. Susan Clark, ^ m. 7 Oct., 1840, C. \V. Rozell, of Memphis, Tenn. She died 5 Dec, 

1843, £6. 19. Children: 

[Two sons, both of whom died in infancy.] 


7(>3- Lester' Humphrey, [510I (£sq. Augustus,^ Hon. Daniel,^ Dea. Michael,'' Dea. 
John,'i Sergl. John," Miihiul,' j was born ii May, 1796, in Harwinton, Ci. He married, Roxanna 
(dau. of Cyrus* and Roxanna Barber) ^Miller, of Hartland, Ct. , born 24 Feb., 1796. They at first 
settled in Hartland, where he was a merchant. Subsequently, in company with his brother, he en- 
gaged in some commercial enterprise in the South, and there died of yellow fever, 15 Oct., 1823, 
as. 27 years. f His widow married Naaman (son of Oliver and Amy) Case, of Barkhamsted, Ct.. 
and resided in New Albany, Ohio. [See Add., p. 242.] 
Children : 

764. I. Cyrus Miller,^ b. 3 Mch., 1817; d. iS May, 1859, «. 42; m. at Albany-, N. Y., 

15 Apr., 1842, Mary E. Bullard ; and both died at Jacksonport, Ark., where he 
had been engaged in the shipping business for several years. No children. 

765. II. Augustus Phelps,* b. 8 Jan., 1819; m. (i) Rosalinda Adelia Philippia Hall; m. (21 

Sylvia Wright. Family 106. 

766. III. Samuel Dwight,* b. 4 Apr., 1823: d. 7 Apr., 1883, 3e. 60; m. (i) !Mary Amelia 

Thompson ; m. (2) Helen Yan Ness Williams. Family 107. 


767. Dr. Lorin ' Humphrey, (5'7) (Esq- Auguslus,^ Hon. Danicl,'=> Dea. Michael,'' Dea. 
John,' Sergt. John,'^ Michael,^) was born 14 June, 1804, in Winchester, Ct. He married Jane 
.\rmstroiig, of Illinois ; resided in St. Louis, Mo. He is said to have married two other times, 
but the names of his wives have not been ascertained. His P. O. address has been given as 
Marion, Williamson Co., Illinois. 
Children : 

768. I. Marilla.* 

769. II. Josephine.* 

■ Cyrus Miller was son of and S.irah (Woodford) Miller, of Farmlngton, Ct. | 

t Died 17 Aug. 1828, ace. to D.irwin Humphrey. |Fam. 70. J.] , ' 


770. Leonard' Humphrey, [528] (Col. Chaumey,'' Hon. Danid,^ Dea. Michael,'^ Dea. 
Joh.n,'i Sergt. John,^ Michael,'^) was born 8 June, 1801. He married, at Granville, Ohio, Maria 
Rice. They resided in Chicago, Illinois ; both are deceased. 
ChUdren : 

771. I. Henry. ^ 

772. II. Mary.^ 


773- Lucius' HumphreVi [53°! (Col C/icmnay,^ Hon. Daniel,^ Dea. Michael,'' Dea. 
John,'i Sergt. John,'' Michael,^) was born 22 Feb., 181 2, in \Yinchester, Litchfield Co., Ct. He 
married, in Granville, Licking Co., Ohio, 10 Dec, 1838, Clarissa Hovey, born 5 Apr., 1822, 
Hampton, Windham Co.. Ct. ; d. 3 Apr., 1847, in Columbus, O. 

Mr. Humphrey was a stove and tin-ware dealer at Columbus, O. ; was an invalid the last 
thirty years of his life. He removed to Etna, Licking Co., O., where he resided a number of 
years, and where he died 2 Nov., 1876. 
Children : 

774. I. Amanda Clarissa,' b. 28 Nov., 1842, Granville, O. ; graduated at the Granville Young 

Ladies' Institute, 25 June, 1861 ; m. in G., 11 Oct., 1865, James Monroe Carver, 
M. D., b. 13 Mch., 1 84 1, Economy, \Vayne Co., Ind., son of Henry Carver, M. D. , 
and his wife Catharine (Rupe), of Winchester, Randolph Co., Ind. 

Dr. J. M. Carver graduated at Dennison University, Granville, O. , 26 June, 
1864 ; practiced medicine for six years, and has, since that time been a druggist 
in Winchester, Ind. Children : 

775. i. Grace Matella," b. 26 Jan. 1867, Dunkirk, Hardin Co., O. 

776. I'i. Maggie May,' b. 5 Aug. 1874, Winchester, Ind. 

777. iii. Arthur Rupe,' b. 26 Sept. 1877; d. 6 Oct. 1877, Winchester, Ind. 

778. iv. Jessie Louise,' b. 16 Nov. 1880, Winchester. 

779. II. Carlton Frederick,^ b. 22 Feb., 1845; m. Ella Rosalthe Moore. Family 108. 


780. Philemon' Humphrey, [533] T/"'^^*^ Dud/ev,^ Hon. Daniel,^ Dea. Michael,'- Dea. 
fohn,'i Sergt. John,'' Michael,^) was born 22 July, 1805, in Simsbury, Ct. He married, 20 Jan., 
1831, Susannah (dau. of George and Eleanor) Wilson, of Danville, Columbia Co., Pa. She was 
a native of Philadelphia, where her parents formerly resided, and was born 22 Oct., 1806. 

He remained in Simsbury with his father until he was about twenty years of age, when he 
traveled through Maryland, Delaware, North and South Carolina, Virginia, and Georgia, as dry. 
goods salesman for Sylvester Beach, of Harwinton, Ct. After one season he returned home, where 
he continued for a year, when he was engaged, by Mr. Frisbie of Harwinton, to sell clocks in 
Pennsylvania ; was associated with him five or six years, finally becoming his partner. It was dur- 
ing this time hat he formed the acquaintance of the lady who was afterwards his wife. After 
their marriage, they resided, for several years, in Danville, Pa., removing thence, about 1835, to 
Schoolcraft, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., and, about 1852, to Royal Oak, Oakland Co., Mich., where 
she died 4 Feb., 1858, se. 52 years; and was there buried. Mr. Humphrevs, soon after her death, 
removed to Oakwood, in the same county, and, about 1866, to Pontiac, Mich., with his son George 
Dudley, who, on account of failing health, had been compelled to sell his farm ; was residing in 
that town in 1870. [See Add., p. 242 (a).'\ 














Children : 

I AuRELiA Ann/ b. 28 Nov., 1831, Danville, Pa.; d. 25 July, 1863, se. 32: died with 
consumption, at Oakwood, Mich. , and was there buried. 

George Dudley,* b. i May, 1833 ; d. 8 Jan., 1867, ae. 33; m. Mary Park. Family 109. 

Jarvis Owen,** b. 16 May,. 1835, Schoolcraft, Mich.; d. 2 July, 1859, ae. 24; died 
with consumption, at Royal Oak, and was there buried. 

Chauncey Dean,^ b. 6 Dec, 1837, Flowerfield, St. Joseph Co., Mich.; m. 1863, 
Sahha Campbell, of Oakwood, Mich., where they were residing in 1883. 

Margaret Melissa,^ b. 9 Oct., 1840, Schoolcraft, Mich.; d. 3 May, 1858, ce. 17; 
died with consumption, at Royal Oak, Mich., and was there buried. 

Amorette Jane,* b. 13 May, 1843, Schoolcraft, Mich.; d. 6 Oct., 1861, ae. 18; died 
with consumption, at Oakwood, Mich., and was there buried. 

Frances Marion,* b. 30 Sept., 1846, Schoolcraft, Mich.; was teaching school, at Mar- 
quette, Mich., in 1S70, unmarried. 


788. Jarvis' Humphrey, L534I ('/"'4'<' DuJhy,'' Hon. Daniel,^ Dea. Michael,'' Dea. John,^ 
Scrgi. John,- Michael,') was born i Apr., 1807, in Simsbury, Ct. He married there, 19 j\Iay, 1842,* 
Julia^ (dau. of Col. Calvin and Rowena* Humphrey) Barber, b. 8 Oct., 181 1, in Simsbury. Both 
were residing in that town at the time of their marriage. |Fam. 17(207), J.^] In the summer 
of 1852, he removed, with his family, to Portage Centre, Hancock Co., Ohio, where he was a 
farmer, and a worthy and influential citizen. November loth, 1870, he removed to Findla}', O. , 
where he was residing in 1883. 

Children (born in Simsbury, Ct. , excepting the youngest who was born in Portage Centre, O. ) : 

789. I. Chauncey Daniel,* b. 13 Mch., 1843 ; is a farmer and surveyor. Res. (1883) Findlay, 

O. ; unmarried. 

790. IL Marion Catherine,* b. 23 Sept., 1S44 ; m. Findlay, O., 6 June, 1878, Cyrus Loomis 

Barber, b. 26 Sept., 1836, Harwinton, Ct., died there, 30 Oct., 1881. He was 
son of Horace Collyer Barber, of H., and Abigail Ransford (Loomis), of Winchester, 
Ct. He was a farmer in Harwinton, Ct. , where his widow was residing in 1883. 
No children. 

791. III. Ellen .^lrelia,* b. 10 Apr., 1846; m. (as 2d wife), at Findlay, O., 27 Apr., 1881, 

Benjamin Oscar Robinson, b. 24 Feb., 1837, Aurora, Erie Co., N. Y., son of 
Benjamin Robinson, who died in 1846, and Sarah A. (Gale), who died in 1865. 
The first wife of Mr. B. O. Robinson was Eliza Humphre}', a native of New Jersey. 
dau. of John Humphrey, from England, and Eliza (Young), born in Edinburgh, 
Scotland. Tile and brick manufacturer. Res. (1883) Leipsic, Putnam Co., Ohio. 

792. IV. Caroline Justine,* b. 16 Apr., 1848 ;f m. in Portage Centre, O., 5 Nov., 1868, John 

H. King, b. Portage Township, O., son of William and Elizabeth (Linn) King, of 
that place. He is a farmer. Res. (18S3) Findlay, Ohio. ClulJrcn {born in Portage 

793. 1. Charles Humphrey,' b. 2 Sept. 1869. 

794. ii. Marion Elizabeth,' b. 19 Apr. 1871. 

* Married 4 June. 1842, { Tmtm Rec.J: 19 May, 1842, Loomis Gen., Female Branches, pub. 1880: Vol. I., p. 453. The last date 
t 14 Apr. 1848; her father "was a farmer of Terry's Plain" at that ti^t.^,—Sitiishtyy Records; 16 Apr- is correct. 


795 "'• Alfred,' b. 28 Oct. 1873. 

796. IV. William Cyrus," b. 6 Jan. 1878. 

797. V. Fannie Gertrude," b. 4 Dec. 1879. 

798. V. Jarvis Scott,*' b. 6 Aug., 1850; m at No. 53 North Washington Avenue, Columbus, 

O. , 5 Apr., 1882, Fannie Emily (dau. of John B. and Susanna Dinner) Coffroth, 
of Columbus, O., born there, 5 Apr., 1853. He is a civil engineer. Res. (1883) 
Findlay, O. 

799. VI. Mary Barber, ** b 12 Feb., 1853; res. (1883) Findlay, O.; unmarried. 


800. David'' Humphrey, 1 541] (J'udgi Dudley,^ Hm. Daniel,^ Dea. Michael,'' Dea. John,'!' 
Sergt. John,^ Michael,') was born 3 June, 1815, in Simsbury, Ct. He married Jane Toole, of 
Alamucha, Mississippi. He died 25 Aug., 1840, in Pleasant Valley, Dallas Co., Alabama, ae. 25 
years. His body was there interred, but there is an inscription to his memory on a monument in 
Hop Meadow Burying-ground, Simsbury. In life and in death he exemplified a Christian character. 
His widow married again; and died in 1850, at Pleasant Valley. 

801. I. Amelia,'' b. in Simsbury, Ct. ; died young, her death occurring soon after that of her 


802. II. Elizabeth Amorette,'' (posthumous) was living, in 1871, with her step-father, in Texas. 


803. John' Humphrey, 1 551 I {Dudley,° Esq. Amhel,^ Dea. Michael,^ Dea. John,'i Sergt. 
John,^ Michael,') was born i8 June, 1801, in Norfolk, Ct. He married, in Litchfield, Ct. , 30 Oct., 
1845, Maria (dau. of Isaac and Cynthia Mason) Turner, of Litchfield (Northfield Society) born in 
that place, 25 Dec, 1817. They resided in Norfolk, Ct., and there he died 14 July, 1854, ae. 53 
years. He was a farmer; was also selectman, 1838, '39, and, in 1849 and 1853, representative to 
General Assembly.* His widow resided for a time at Bethlehem, Ct. ; (1882) North Madison, Ct. 
Children (born in Norfolk); 

804. I. Mary,^ b. 8 Sept., 1846; m. in Marietta, Ohio, 16 Sept., 1880, Rev. Richard Henry 

(son of Henry and Ann Foister) Cidman, b. 14 Sept., 1840, Stamford, Lincolnshire, 
Eng. He graduated from Wesleyan University, Middletown, Ct.. and Union Theo- 
logical Seminary, New York City ; has resided in Bangor and Lisle, N. Y. , and 
]Morris, Ct. In 1882, he was pastor of the Congregational Church in North 
Madison, Ct. 

805. IL Robert Phelps,^ b. 28 Mch., 1851 ; res. (1882) Pittsburgh, Pa., where he was Super- 

intendent of the Pittsburgh branch of the Marietta Chair Company; was unmarried. 

806. in. JoHN,8 b. 2 July, 1853; res. (1882) Wauconda, Lake Co., Ill; was in the drug 

business ; unmarried. 


807. GriSWOld' Humphrey, [560 1 (Dudley,^ Esq. Asahel,^ Dea. Michael,'' Dea. John,'i 
Sergt. John,' Michael,' J was born lo Nov., 1806, in Norfolk, Ct. He married (i) in Salisbury, 3 

* John Humphrey, in 1832, was a subscriber towards building a Methodist meeting-house in Newfitld iTorrington) Ct. — Hist 0/ 
Torrington We have not ascertained to which of the several John Humphreys living at that date this relates. 


Nov., 1 84 1, Olive Spaulding (dau. of Horace and Clarissa Foster) Jones, of Somers, N. Y. 
died 23 July, 1874, in Canaan, Ct. He married (2) 22 Mch., 1876, Sabra Marvin, of Canaan, 
Ct., dau. of Alson and Clarissa (Calkins) Marvin, of Cornwall, Ct. 

He died 6 May, 1880, se. 73 years, — in Canaan, Ct. , where he had been a druggist for 
thirty-nine years. His widow res. (1883) Canaan, Ct. 
Children (by 1st marriage ; born m Canaan): 

808. I. William Griswold,* b. 24 Mch., 1844. Druggist. Res. (1883) Canaan, Ct. ; unmarried. 

809. II. Horace Dudley,*^ b. 18 July, i860; res. (18S3) Canaan, Ct., where he was associated 

with his brother in the drug business ; unmarried. 

F.\MILY 82. 

810. Merrell^ Humphrey, (561 | {Dudley,'' Esq. Asahel,^ Dea. Michael,* Dea. John,^ 
Sergt. John,'' Alichael,'^ ) was born i Sept., 1809, in Norfolk, Ct. He married, at South Coventry, 
Ct., 6 Dec, 1843, Maria Elizabeth (dau. of Abner and Elizabeth Brown) Mason, of S. C. , b. 25 
Sept., 18 19, Mansfield, Ct. He is a land surveyor. Res. (1883) Canaan, Ct. 

Mr. Merrell Humphrey is the owner of the original letter to Michael Humphrey the Emigrant, 
dated 1648, a facsimile of which is given opposite page 99. It was found among the papers of 
his father Dudley^ Humphrey [Earn. 46, J.'^], and we take pleasure in acknowledging Mr. Merrell 
Humphre}'s courtesy in placing it at our disposal for the purpose of re-production. 

811. I. Clarence Mason,^ b. 31 Mch., 1846, Norfolk, Ct. ; is a merchant. Res. (1883) 
Canaan, Ct. ; unmarried. 


812. Dea. James' Humphrey, I562I (Dudley,'' Esq. Asahel,' Dea. Michael,'' Dea. John,^ 
Sergt. John,^ Michael,'') was born 30 Jan., 18 13, in Norfolk, Ct. He married in that town, 12 
Nov., 1834, Eliza (dau. of Zerah and Rebecca Hedger) Babbitt, a native and resident of Norfolk, 
Ct., b. 17 Jan., 1814. He was a farmer in West Norfolk, Ct, and there died, 4 Feb., 1882, ae. 
69 years ; was an earnest Christian, and deacon of the Congregational church for many years ; in 
1858, was a member of the State Legislatiire. Their children were all born in West Norfolk, Ct. , 
and there Mrs. Humphrey resided in 1882. 

Children : 
S13. I. Edward James,* b. 6 Aug., 1836; enlisted in the Union Army as a private, 25 Oct., 

1861, at Norfolk, Ct. ; and died at Newbern, N. C, 22 Apr., 1862, as. 26 years. 

His remains were taken to Norfolk, and there interred, 11 May, 1862. 

William Adams,* b. 17 Mch., 1841 ; m. Maria Malvina Mills. Family 110. 

John Dudley,* b. 27 May, 1842; m. (i) Josephine Swathel ; m. (2) Florence Isabel 
Butler. Family 111. 

Charles,* b. 14 Nov., 1850; d. 24 Mch., 1852, ae. i year. 

Frederick Garfield,' b. 23 Sept., 1857; m. in New Britain, Ct., 20 Oct., 1880, .\ddie 
Floi-ence Thompson, b. 4 May, 1859, New York City, dau. of John and Jane 
(Gridley) Thompson, of New Britain, Ct. Res. (1883) Waterbury, Ct., where he 
was secretary of the City Lumber and Coal Company. 










8i8. Edwin Steele' Humphrey, I567) {Dr. Asahel,^ Esq. Asahel^ Dea. Michael,'' Dea. 
John,"' Sergt. John,'' Michael,') was born 28 Nov.. 1808, in Norfolk, Ct. He was married, 4 Apr., 
1846, in Cincinnati, Ohio, by Rev. Lyman Beecher, to Phebe Emeline' Humphreys, b. 6 May, 
1822, WiUiamsburgh, Trumbull Co., O. , dau. of Hiram* and Deborah Veils (Case) Humphreys; 
gr. dau. of Capt. Asher 5 Humphrey; and gr.-gr. dau. of Esq. Oliver'' Humphrey, [Fam. 18, S.^"] 

Mr. Humphrey taught school near Williamstown, Grant Co., Kentucky, and there made the 
acquaintance of Miss Humphreys, who afterwards became his wife. They removed, about the year 
1854, from Salisbury, Litchfield Co., Ct., to Mineral township. Bureau Co., Illinois, and settled on 
a farm, about three miles west of Sheffield. He is a coal-mining operator; P. O. address (1883) 
Sheffield, 111. 
Children : 

819. I. Charles Edwin," b. 10 Mch., 1847, at Lakeville, m the town of Salisbury, Ct. ; died 

there, 27 Apr., 1849, a;. 2 jrs. , i mo., and 17 ds. 

820. II. Mary Emeline,'' b. 24 Aug., 1850, Lakeville, Ct. ; d. 30 Nov., 1855, Mineral town- 

ship. Bureau Co., 111., a;. 5 }rs. , 3 mos. , 6 ds. ; was buried in Sheffield Cemetery. 

821. III. Hiram Asahel,* b. 11 Feb., 1852, Lakeville, Ct.; d. 4 Nov., 1855, Mineral township, 

111., se. 3 }rs., 8 mos., 27 ds. ; was buried in Sheffield Cemetery. 

822. IV. George Asa,^ b. 20 Feb., 1857, in Mineral township; m Myra Belle Stevenson. 

Family 112. 

823. V. f Clarence Edward.^ b. 24 June, 1861, Sheffield, 111. He graduated at Sheffield High 

I [ School ; is an expert telegraph operator, and, in 1883, was in the Western Union 
i I office at St. Paul, Minn. 

824. VI. [Clara Anna,^ b. 24 June, 1861, Sheffield, 111. She married in that town, 14 Mch., 

1878, Edward D. (son of Edward D. and Rhoda Ann Cross) Kemp, b. 3 June, 
1843, Sheffield, 111 He was (1883) a farmer and stock-raiser near Quincy, Adams 
Co., Iowa. Children (bor?i near Quincy, Ic/wa): 

825. i. Minnie Blanche,' b. 13 July, 1879. 

826. ii. Grace Emeline,' b. 5 Mch. 1881. 

827. iii. Ward Edwin,' b. 21 May, 1882. 


828. David' Humphreys, [5851 (Hon. Jolm,^ Esq. John,^ Rev. Daniel,'' Dea. John,^ 
Sergt. John,' Michael,') was born ii Apr., 1818, in Humphreysville, Ct. He married, in Chicago, 
III, 1843, Angeline Cauda, who was born in France, 1820, and of French parentage. 

Mr. Humphreys died in San Francisco, California, November, 1853, se. 35 years. He was 
in the forwarding and commission business in Chicago, 111., where he was known as a very enter- 
prising merchant. His widow res. (1883) in that city. 

829. I. Charles Canda,'^ b. September, 1S47, Chicago, 111.; in 1883, was engaged in mining 

in Colorado; unmarried. 


830. George Washington' Humphrey, [622] (Coi. Lyman," Ozias,^ Esq. Hezeidah,^ 

Cipl. Samuel.i Sergt. John,'' Michael,') was born 18 Mch., 1830, in Deerfield, Portage Co., Ohio. 
He married, in Frederick, Mahoning Co., Ohio, 25 Sept., 1851, Susanna (dau. of John M. and 





Catharine Cline) Johnston, b. 24 Apr., 1833. Milton, Mahoning Co., Ohio. He is a blacksmith 
by trade; in 1SS3, was engaged m farming. Res. Berlin Township, Mahonmg Co.. Ohio. 
Children : 

531. I. Harriet Rosalia,^ b. 16 Dec, 1852, Frederick, O. ; m. in .\t\vater, Portage Co., O., 

January. 1S70, William Smith. Farmer. Res. (1883) Miltun, O. ; P. O. address 
Berlin, Mahoning Co., O. 

532. n. Josephine,^ b. 25 Dec, 1854, Frederick, O. ; m. in Canfield. Mahoning Co., O., 24 

Dec, 1872, F. Richard. In 1883, they were in California. 

533. HI. Mary Ann,^ b. 21 May, 1859, Frederick, O. ; m. in Berlin, O., 25 Sept., 1877, 

Ephraim Shilling. Farmer. Res. (1883) Edinburgh, Portage Co., O. 
834. IV. George Lyman,' b. 7 Aug., 1871, Berlin Township, O. 


835. Hon. Lyman Underwood' Humphrey, 1625] fa/. Lyman,^ Ozms.i Esq. 

Hezekiah,* dipl. Samuel,^ Serg/. Jnhn.^ iMithdd,' ) was born 25 July, 1844, in New Baltimore, Stark 
Co., Ohio. He married, at Independence, Kansas, 25 July, 1872, Amanda Leonard, b. 22 Sept., 
1850, Beardstown, Cass Co., Illinois, dau. of James Cox and Maria (INIiller) Leonard, of Beards- 
town, where ^Ir. Leonard was a successful banker for many years.* Mrs. Humphrey was educated 
at Galesburgh, 111., and St. Louis, Mo. 

On the 7th of October, 1861, while attending school at Massilon, Stark Co., Ohio, at the 
age of seventeen years, Lyman U.' Humphrey enlisted as a Union soldier in Company I. 76th 
Regiment Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry. The regiment won a high reputation in the many 
battles in which it was engaged, and was cut down by severe losses to a mere squad when mus- 
tered out in July, 1865. The colonel, C. R. Woods, a regular officer, became a major-general 
and commanded the ist Division, 15th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to which (ist Brigade) 
the regiment was attached. The lieutenant-colonel, W. B. Woods, became brigadier-general, com- 
manding the brigade. The major, Willaixi Warner, became a brigadier-general on Sherman's staff. 
" He served with his regiment during the entire war; was wounded, promoted to 2d and ist 
lieutenant, and commanded a company. This regiment was engaged in the battles of Fort Donelson 
and Shiloh, and in the siege of Corinth, then marched to and occupied Memphis, Tenn., also 
Helena, Arkansas ; was in the first campaign of Gen. Sherman against Vicksburgh, in December, 
1862, the assault on Haine's Bluffs up the Yazoo river, and the assault and capture of Arkansas 
Post; in the spring of 1863, was in the operations against Vicksburgh on the Louisiana side, in 
all the subsequent battles and marches in the rear of Vicksburgh, up to and including the long 
siege and final capture on July 4th, 1863, and in the campaign immediately following against 
Johnson's army, the siege and capture of Jackson ; in September, went with the command to 
Memphis, Tenn. ; marched across the country to Chattanooga, Tenn. ; was in the battle of Look- 
out Mountain, with the ist Division (the other divisions having gone to attack the left, under 
Sherman); the next day was engaged on Mission Ridge and, the following day, 27 Nov., 1863, 
in the battle of Ringgold, where the regiment lost nearly fifty per cent, of its men, and Mr. Hum- 
phrey was wounded in the left arm. A few weeks later, the survivors re-enlisted for the war, went 
home on furlough for thirty days, and returned with many recruits to fill up the thinned ranks of 
the regiment. In the spring of 1864, entered upon the Atlanta campaign which, from May until 
September, was one constant struggle, including marches, skirmishes and battles, the more promi- 

* James Cox Leonard was born in Whippany, Morris Co.. N. J., nnd his wife in Covington, Ky^ He was the son of Joseph 
Tutlle Leonard, bom in New Jersey, 8 Aug. 1786, died in Riishville, III., i Nov. 1841, and his wife Catharine Combs (Bergen), born m 
New Jersey, 8 July, 1792. She was living in i88z. 

nent being Resaca, New Hope Church, Kennesaw Mountain and the great battle of Atlanta, which 
was fought July 2 2d, 1864, where Gen. McPherson fell, and where the 76th Ohio made a gallant 
and successful bayonet charge, recovering from the enemy a battery of Parrot guns. Next engaged 
in the famous march of Sherman's army to the sea, the capture and occupation of Savannah ; in 
the spring of 1S65, was in the campaign up through the Carolinas, at the battle of Bentonville, 
which was soon followed by the surrender of Lee's and Johnson's armies ; marched to Washington 
and participated in the grand review of the armies of the East and West ; then went to Louisville, 
Kv., where l\Ir. Humphrey was discharged 19 July, 1865, — a few days before he became of age. 

The history of these battles shows that they were among the greatest and bloodiest of the 
war. The old "Army of the Tennessee" was victorious in every one of its campaigns. In all 
the engagements enumerated (save the first assault on the Yazoo bluffs in December, 1862,) victories 
were won for the Union. This was Grant's old army, and afterward Sherman's. In three battles 
over 50,000 prisoners were taken: at Fort Donelson, 15,000; at Arkansas Post, 6,000; and at 
Vicksburgh, 30,000. The old 15th Army Corps will ever be famous in the military history of the 
country. It's dead lie buried in every southern State from the Mississippi to the sea. It's deeds 
of valor mark every page of the history of those terrible years. 

On returning from the war. Mr. Humphrey immediately began the study of law. He at- 
tended the Law Department of the University of Michigan; was admitted to the bar in 1868, and, 
in 1875, was admitted to practice in the Federal Courts. He went, with his mother and brother, 
to Shelb\- Couritv, Missouri, where he remained two 3'ears, practicing his profession ; was also en- 
gaged in editorial work on the Shelby Counly Herald. In the spring of 1871, he formed a law 
partnership with Col. A. M. York, and removed to Independence, Montgomery County, Kansas, 
where he established and edited, with others, the South Kansas Tribune, an influential paper still 
being published (1882). The partnership with Col. York continued and prospered till 1877. 

In the fall of 1 871, he was nominated for the legislature and defeated, on a local issue, by forty 
votes. In 1876-8, he was a member of the State Republican Campaign Committee; in 1876, was 
nominated by his party for the legislature, in a District which had been carried by the opposition 
several times, and was elected by a handsome majority ; served on the judiciary committee and 
committee on the revision of laws. In 1877, he was nominated for the office of lieutenant-governor, 
heading the State ticket that fall, and was elected by a majority of 28,240 votes. In 1878, he 
was re-nominated by the State Convention for lieutenant-governor, and after an exciting canvass was 
reelected.* Besides performing the other duties of his office he presided over the Senate, and over 
the joint convention of the two houses during the memorable contest resulting in the re-election of 
John J. Ingalls to the U. S. Senate, in a manner so satisfactory that during his term of office there 
was not a single appeal from the chair ; and at the close of the last session of the Senate, by a 
unanimous vote of that body, he was presented with a gavel, accompanied by a resolution expressive 
of the highest regard for his personal and official character : — 

Resolved, That Hon. L. U. Humphrey, Lieut. -Governor, for his efficient use of the gavels 
now in his hand — be, and he is hereby presented with said gavel as evidence of that fact. 

Resolved, That our hearty thanks are hereby extended to Lieut. -Governor Humphrey, for the 
able, faithful and impartial manner in which he has discharged the arduous duties devolving upon 
him as presiding officer of the Senate, and we cordially assure him that he will carry with him to 
his home the kindest wishes of the Senate of 1879. 

In 1880, a re-nomination was practically offered him, and since that time he has been urged 
to enter the lists for Congress and for the office of governor, but partly from business considerations 
and partly on account of indifferent health he has declined re-entering the political field. 

» See Appletmi's Cyclopedia, 1877, new series, Vol. II., p, 417: 1878, Vol. 111., pp. 466-8; 1879, Vol. IV , p. 532. 










He has delivered numerous addresses besides political speeches. In June, 1880, during the 
commencement exercises at the State University, he gave the annual address before the united 
literary societies. He also stands high in Masonic circles; and has frequently presided as Judge pro km. 
of the District Court of Montgomery Co. Res. (1883) Independence, Kansas. 
Children (born in Independence, Kansas) : 

John," b. 26 June, 1874; d. at Independence, 8 June, 1875, *• ' year. 

LvMAN Leonard," b. 3 July, 1876. 

Abraham Lincoln," b. 21 May, 1878. 

Edward Henry," b. 10 Sept., 1880; d. at Independence, 10 Dec, 1880, ae. 3 mos. 


840. Orson Joseph^ Humphrey, I627I (Joseph,'' Capt. Joseph,^ Joseph,^ Joseph, ^ Sergt. 
John," Michael,') was born 12 May, 1798, in Simsbury, Ct. He married, in Barkhamsted, Ct., 12 
June, 1821, Lucina Sudifif, of Hartford, Ct. They removed to Ridgeville, Lorain Co., Ohio. He 
died 3 Dec, 1867, in Eaton Township, O. 

Children (born in Ridgeville, O., excepting the youngest who was born in Eaton, 0.): 

841. I. Betsey Amelia," b. 14 Apr., 1822; m. in Eaton Township, O., 14 Apr., 1841, Joyner 

(son of Joyner and Vienna Van Wormer) Race, b. 1 8 1 7, in Massachusetts, of which 
State his parents were also natives, but died in North Ridgeville, O. She died 26 
Feb., 1847, North Ridgeville, O. Farmer. Res. (1883) North Ridgeville, O. Children 
(born in North Ridgeville): 

842. i. Merrick Duane," b. 24 Jan. 1842; d. 1865, in Kansas, while in the service of his country 

843. ii. Agnes Lucina,' b. 5 Oct. 1843. 

844. iii. Leroy Humphrey,' b. 24 Nov. 1846. 

845. II. Annis Fidelia," b. 11 Sept., 1823; m. in La Porte, Lorain Co., O., 9 Aug., 1845, 

Rev. Lewis Miles (son of Thomas and Sarah Miles) Pounds. His father was a 
native of Maryland, and his mother of Virginia. Rev. L. M. Pounds was educated 
at Norwalk Seminary, and graduated in Conference, 1845. Res. (1883) Oberlin, 
Lorain Co. , O. Children (born at Eaton, O. ) : 

846. i. Melville Augustus,' b. 17 Sept. 1847; m. 24 Nov. 1870, Mary Ellen Johnson. He was 

educated at Berea college; is a farmer; res. (1883) Eaton Township, O. Children: 
(i) Mabel Onelia," b. 30 Sept. 1872; (2) Mary Fidelia,'" b. July, 1874; died ct. 14 
mos.; (3) Harry Melville,'" b. Mch. 1876; (4) Edgar Johnson,'" b. 9 May, 1879, Eaton. 

ii. Amelia Lucina,' b. Feb. 1853; m. at Oberlin, O., 8 May, 1878, Dr. G. L. BoWman. 
Child' (i) Paul Pounds'" (Bowman), died in infancy. 

iii. Mary Corinlhia,' b. 27 Mch. 1857; d. 13 Sept. 1876, Oberlin. 

iv. Lewis Humphrey,' b. 9 Apr. i860. 

v. Jessie Fidelia,' b. 29 Aug. 1861. 

vi. Thomas Eugene,' 1 ( 

^ ■ b. 7 July, 1864. \ 

vii. Mabel Onelia,' 1 ( She died 7 Aug. 1865, Eaton. 

Flavia Onelia," b. 17 Mch., 1825. Res. (1883) Oberlin, O. ; unmarried. 

Alice Facelia," b. 27 Sept., 1826; m. at Eaton, O., 27 Sept., 1854, William Brush, 
b 181 7, Stamford, Ct. , son of Benjamin Strong and Sarah (Miller) Brush, who re- 
moved to Eaton, O., in 1833, and there died. Farmer. Res. (1883) Oberlin, O. 
Children (born in Eaton ) : 









854. _ 



855. i. Lillian Eudora,' b. 4 Nov. 1855; m. Eaton, O., 19 Aug. 1872, William Albert SayleS, 

born in Meridan, Ky. He is a farmer. Children (born in La Porte, Lorain Co., O.J: 
(i) Clare Humphrey'" (Sayles), b. 3 Apr. 1874; (2) Alice Lynn" (Sayles) b. 29 May, 
1875; (3) Bertrand'" (Sayles), b. 22 Oct. 1882. 

856. ii. Genevieve Lucina,' b. 29 Oct. 1859; ni. 21 Dec. 1881, Josiah Harlow BellOWS, b. 17 

Oct. 1858, Weeping Water, Cass Co., Nebraska. His parents were from Massachusetts. 
He graduated at Oberlin college in 1881; was a lawyer in Nebraska (1883). Child: 
(I) Sydna Fay'" (Bellows), b. 21 Oct. 1882. 

857. iii. Benjamin O.", b. 15 July, 1862. 

858. iv. Stella J.', b. 29 Apr. 1869. 

859. V. Jewry Orson,^ b. 30 May, 1832; m. Sarah Elizabeth Worthington. Family 113. 


860. Mark' Humphrey, !.64-7l (Joseph:' Capt. Joseph,^ Joseph,'' Joseph,^ Sergt. John,'' 
Michael,^) was born 29 June, 1813, in Simsbury, ft. He married, 27 Sept., 1834, Nancy (dau. 
of David and Belinda Hodge) Beebe, b. 18 Apr., 1812, Ridgeville, O., where they settled. She 
died in that town, 26 Feb., 1872, as. 60 ^ears. 

Mr. Humphrey died in Ridgeville, 26 May, 1882, ae. 69 years. He was a farmer and . at 
one time Postmaster; was much respected for his integrity and industrious habits. The resident 
clergyman, at his funeral, truly said, "An active and an honest man has gone." 
Children (horn in Ridgeville, 0. ) : 

861. I. JAMES Bird,' b, 13 July, 1836; m. Margaret Maria Miller. Family 114. 

862. n. i\I.\RY Louisa,'* b. 19 Mch., 1840; m. in Ridgeville, O., 3 Nov., i860, James 

Robinson, born in England, and a resident of Ridgeville at the time of his marriage. 
Farmer. P. O. address (1883) Field Lorain Co., O. Children: 

863 i. George." 

864 ii. Nora." 
865. iii. John." 


866. Norman' Humphrey, [649] (Luke,^ Capt. Joseph,^ Joseph,^ Joseph,'^ Sergt. John,'' 

Michael,^) was born 6 Sept., 1805, in Simsbury, Ct. He married, in West Granby, Ct., 21 Feb., 
1828, Florella (dau. of Roswell and Lois Griswold) Griffin, a native and resident of West Granby, 
born 9 Sept., 1807. They resided in Hop Meadow, Simsbury, Ct., where he was a farmer. Mrs. 
Humphrey died 22 May, 1858, in Hartford, Ct., a;. 51 years.* About the year 1869, he went to 
reside with his daughter Mrs. Weed, in Granby, Ct., and there died, 2 Feb., 1876, ae. 70 years. 
They were buried in Simsbury. 
Children (born in Simsbury): 

867. I. Erasmus Darwin,' b. 16 Feb., 1829; d. 14 Mch.. 1829, as. i mo.f 

868. n. Annis Florilla,' b. 10 Feb., 1830; m. in Simsbury, (Hop Meadow) Ct., 26 Feb., 

185 1, (Simsbury Records) Henry Lyman (son of William and Laura) Brown, of 
Simsbury, Ct., b. 12 Aug., 1823, Canton, Ct. He is a house painter. Res. (1883) 
Weatogue, Ct. Child (born in Hartford, Ct.): 

869. i. Lilla Addie," b. 21 Jan. 1853; died in Hartford. 2 Feb. 1874, -x. 21 years, 12 days. 

• Inscription in Hop Meadmu Burying-ground : Simslmry Recm-ds give: "May 24, 1858, Flora Humphrey, aged 51, b. in Granby, 
res. Simsbury." May 22 is correct, ace. to her daughters. 

t Inscription in Hop Meadow Burying-ground ; d. 18 Mch. 1829, ace. 10 another authority. 














Charlks Wesley/ b. 3 Sept., 1834 ; d. 4 Nov., 1882 ; m. Louise J. Prindle. Family 115. 
Erasmus Norman,^ b. 12 June, 1837; d. 13 !Mch., 1S38, a;, y mo.* 
SoN,^ b. 23 Oct., 1840; d. 23 Oct., 1840. 

Sarah Jane,^ b. 9 Sept., 1843 ; m. in Hartford, Ct., 10 Aug., 1864, Charles (son of 
Samuel and Maria Latimer) Weed, a native of Granby, Ct., where his parents re- 
sided. He is a farmer. Res. (1883) West Granby, Ct. Children (born in 
Granby, Ct.): 

1. Nettie Florella,' b. 7 Aug. 1865. 
ii. Edward St. Clair,' b. 14 Jan. 1867. 
iii. Nellie Jane,' b. 16 Nov. 1869. 
iv. Harry Lynn,' b. 13 Nov. 1874. 
V. Maurice Everett,' b. 15 Apr. 1880. 
vi. James Alton,' b. 20 Apr. 1882. 


880. Newton^ Humphrey, I650] (Luke,^ Capt. Joseph,^ Joseph,'' Joseph,^ Sergt. John," 
Michael,') was born 5 May, 1807, in Simsbury, Ct. He married Avis Reed, a native and resident 
of Simsbury, 24 May, 1826, (Simsbury Records). She was born 19 May, 1807, dau. of Chauncey 
and Jerusha (Tuller) Reed, of S. 

He was a pedlar; died in his native town, 21 Apr., 1859, se. 52 years.* His widow 
married, (as 2d wife) 2 Mch., 1863, Orrin Tuller, and resided at Winchester Centre, Ct. She died 
in Simsbury, 9 Feb., 1881, ae. 74 years. 
Children (born in Simsbury) : 

881. I. Mark Newton,' b. 3 July, 1827; d. 20 Oct., 1861, ». 34;* married Helen Electa 

Cadwell. Family 116. 

882. II. Horace Burt,' b. 9 June, 1830; m. 10 Apr., i860, Jane A Jewett, of New Haven, 

Ct., where they resided until his death, which occurred 21 Nov., 1868, at the age 
of 38 years; interment at Simsbury.* He was a carriage-maker; and, during the 
last years of his life, a railroad engineer. His widow died in New Haven, April, 
1874, and was buried in Simsbury. They had no children. 


883. Horace Weston' Humphrey. I651J (Luke,<' Capt. Joseph,'^ Joseph,^ Joseph,^' 
Sergt. John,'' ilJuhael,' > was born in 1810, Simsbury, Ct. He married, in West Haven, Ct., about 
the year 1834, Jane , of W. H. 

He died 4 Feb., 1842, ae. 32 years. At a Court of Probate held Sept. 21st, 1842, com"', re- 
ported an adjustment of claims against the estate of Horace W. Humphrey, late of Hartford, who 
left a widow and daughter (only child). — Hartford Co. Probate Records. 

She married (2) Robbins, of Wethersfield, Ct. After his death she resided in West 

Haven, Ct. 

884. I. Jane Elizabeth,^ married James S. Chalker, of East Hartford, Ct. She died about 

1866. Children: 

885. i. James.' 

886. ii. Lizzie,' died in 1881, Hartford, Ct. 

887. iii. Jennie.' 

• Inscription in Hop Meadmu Burying-^^round. 



8S8. Alfred Benajah^ Humphrey, [663J (Benajah,-i DosUhnis,^ EUshai Sergl. Benajah,* 
Dea. John,'' Scrgl. John,'' Michael,^) was born 20 Mch., 1832, in Simsbury, Ct. He married'(i) 
at Hartford, Ct, 3 July, 1854, Louise Jennette (dau. of Frederick) Arthur, a native of Owasco, N. Y. 
They resided in Simsbury (East Weatogue) ; were admitted by letter, in 1858, to the Congregational 
church in that town. She there died of consumption, 17 June, i8-6i, se. 29 years.* He married 
(2) in New Hartford, Ct., October, 1864, Carrie Steele, whose father was a resident of that town. 
Mechanic. He was sent as representadve from Simsbury, m 1863. In 1871, he removed to Oregon, 
and resided in Oregon City; m 1883, was at New Era, in the same State. [See Add., p. 242 (a).] 
Children (hv 1st marriage): 

889. L Wilton Arthur,^ b. 18 July, 1855, Simsbury, Ct. ; d. 29 Sept., 1856, ■&. 14 mos.* 

890. n. Alfred Franklin, 9 'b. 26 July, 1857, Hartford, Ct.; died there, 22 Aug., 1857, ae. 

I mo.* 
(By 2d viarriage) ■ 

891. , HL Gertrude May,? b. la Oct., 1868, Simsbury. 

[ALvry (^Minnie), b. 7 Apr., 1858; an adopted daughter.] ■ ; 


892. John Calvin Edmund Humphrey, [673I (Benajahj Dosithetis,^ EUsha,-- Sergt. 

Benajah,* Dea. John,^ Sergt. John,' Michael,^) was born 7 May, 1841, in Simsbury, Ct. He married, 
at Cheshire, Ct., 30 June, 1861, Mary Elvira (dau. of Luke and Eunice Chidsey) Kimball, of Avon, 
Ct., b. 13 Nov,, 1839. They res. (1883) in Simsbury, Ct., where their four children were born 
and are recorded. [See Add., p. 242 (a).] 

S93. L Alfred Ernest,* b. 10 Sept., 1862; d. 10 Sept., 1862. 

894. n. Arthur Edmund,^ b. 28 Jan., 1864. 

895. in. John Howard,' b. 29 Sept., 1867. 

896. IV. Mary Helen, 9 b. 18 July, 1869. 


897. David Wells' Humphrey, l^Sol (Dr. Lem Wooster,"! Zevi,^ Michael,^ Dea. Michael,'^ 
Dea. John,2 Sergl. John,- Michael,' } was born 23 April. 1826, in Southwick, Mass. He married, 
in Suffield, Ct. , 21 Apr., 1857, Adelaide Wells (dau. of Capt. Seth and Anna Moore) King, a 
native and resident of Suffield, b. 17 Mch., 1836. He is a farmer; res. (1882) Faribault, 

Children (born iti Faribault): 

898. I. William Sheldon,? b. 25 Nov., i860; in 18S2, was attending the Technical Institute 

at Worcester, Mass. 

899. II. Charles Jewett,' b. 17 July, 1862. 

900. Ill Seth King,? b. 5 Aug., 1864. 

901. IV. Henry King,? b. 12 Apr., 1867. 

902. V. Mary King,? b. 20 Nov., 1869. 

* Inscription in Ho/> Meadmo Buryingsround. 


903. VT. Wells King.'' h. 4 Apr., 1S72 ; d. 24 Aug., 1872, se. 4 mos. 

904. VII. Martha King,? b. 7 Oct., 1873. 


905. Richard^ Humphrey, 1691 I {Rnhard Cromwell,'' Richard,^ Michael,'' Dea. Michael,* 
'Dm. John,^ Sergt. John,'' Michael,') was born 22 Jan., 1841, in Candor, Tioga Co., N. Y. He 
removed to Spencer, N. Y., when quite young, and there married, 6 June, i860, Sarah Jane Meads, 
a native of that town. He is a farmer. Res. (1883) Spencer, N. Y. 

906. I. Frederic C.9, b. 15 Feb., 1869. 


907- Philander Phelps' Humphrey, M. D., [699] ( Danid GranvHk,-' Daniel Granville, <" 
Hon. Daniel,^ Dca. Michael,* Dea. John,i Sergl. John.^ Michael,') was born 26 Feb., 1823, Torring- 
ford, Ct. ; and united with the church in that place, in 1836. He married, 2 May, 1849, Susan 
Angier Ames, of Falls Village, Ct., dau. of Horatio Ames, of Salisbury, Ct. He studied medicine 
with Dr. Hubbard, of New Hartford, Ct. ; and, after some practice in New England, removed to 
Red Wing, Minnesota, in 1852, where he, his wife, and two children were murdered by the Indians. 
We copy the following account of the massacre at Lower Agency, Sioux Reservation. 18 August, 
1862, from Bryant's History 0/ the Great Massacre, by the Sioux Indians, in Minnesota, pp. 90, 91. 

"Doctor Philander P. Humphrey physician to the Lower Sioux, with his sick wife, who 
arose from a bed of illness, and three children, also succeeded in crossing the river, but never 
reached the fort (Ridgely). All but one, the eldest, a boy of about twelve years of age, were 
killed upon the road, under the following circumstances. They had gone about four miles, when 
Mrs. Humphrey became so much exhausted as to be unable to proceed further, and they went 
into the house of a Mr. Magner, which had been deserted by its inmates, they having gone to the 
fort. Mrs. H. was placed on a bed , the son was sent to the spring, in a ravine near by, for 
some water for his mother, while the husband and father watched at the door over the dear ones 
within (his wife and two small children). While at the spring, the boy heard the wild war-whoop 
of the savages break the stillness of the air, and, in the next moment, the ominous crack of their 
guns, which told of the fate of his family, and left him its sole survivor. Fleeing hastily towards 
Fort Ridgely, about eight miles distant, he met the command of Capt Marsh, on their way to- 
ward the Agency. The young hero turned back with them to the ferry. As they passed Magner 's 
house, they saw the Doctor lying near the door, dead ; but the house itself was a heap of smold- 
ering ruins, and this brave boy was thus compelled to look upon the funeral pyre of his moth'fer. 
and his little brother and sister. A burial party afterwards found their charred remains amid the 
blackened ruins, and gave them Christian sepulture. It is supposed the savage monsters burned 
them alive! In the charred hands of the little girl was found her china doll, with which she 
refused to part, even in death. The boy went on to the ferry and, in that disastrous conflict, escaped 
unharmed, and finally made his way into the fort." 
Children : 

908. I. John Ames,' b. 15 June, 1850: m. 27 May, 1870, Adelaide Hempstead. Family 117. 

909. II. Gertrude, 9 b. about 1856; d. 18 Aug., 1862. 

910. IIL Jay Phelps,? b. about 1858; d. 18 Aug., 1862. 



911- James DanieP Humphrey, I702] (Daniel Gratmlie,i Daniel Granville,^ Hon. 
Daniel,^ Dea. Michael,* Dea. John,^ Sergt. John,^ Michael,') was born 15 Feb., 1835, in Torringford, 
Ct. He married, in New Hartford, Ct., 18 Oct., 1859, Chloe (dau. of William and Melissa Cad- 
well) Watson, of New Hartford. They resided in Burrville, Ct. ; removed, in 1862, to Galena, 111.; 
in 1864, to Prairie du Chien, Wis.; and, in 1881, to St. Paul, Minn. In 1883, he was a mem- 
ber of the Minnesota Soap Company; P. O. address, St. Paul, Minn. 
Children : 

912. I. Sarah Isabelle,? b. 11 April, 1861, Burrville, Ct. 

913. II. Alice Mary,9 b. 10 July, 1869, Prairie du Chien, Wis. 


9'4. Henry Brewster Stanton* Humphrey, [703] (i)aniei GranTni/e.-' Daniel Gran- 

ville,^ Hon. Daniel,^ Dea. Michael,* Dea. John,i Sergl. John,^ Michael,') was born 20 Dec, 1839, 
Torringford, Litchfield Co., Ct. He united with the church in that town, in 1858; married in 
Wolcottville, Ct., August, 1862, Henrietta S. (dau. of Asa H.) Rogers, of W. He was a printer 
by trade; died of consumption, 9 Oct., 1868, ae. 29 years. His widow resided (1882) at No. 10 
South Common St., Lynn, Mass. 
915. I. Jennie Rogers,^ b. 26 Apr., 1868, Wassaic, N. Y. 

FAMILY 100. 

916. Edward Franklin* Humphrey. [708] ( Alexander, i Esq. Alexander Campbell,^ 
Hon. Daniel,^ Dea. Michael,'' Dea. John,^ Sergt. John,'' Michael,') was born 25 Nov., 1823, in Sims- 
bury, Ct. He married (i) in Quincy, Illinois, 19 Sept., 1850, Mary Ann (dau. of Willard and 
Laura Harkness) Keyes, of Q. She died in that town, 20 Apr., 1853. He married (2) in Ham- 
ilton, 111., 18 Dec, 1 86 1, Martha Elizabeth (dau. of John and Nancy Hunt) Dennis, and widow 
of Thomas De Witt Carey. Her parents resided in Hancock, New Hampshire. 

Mr. Humphrey resided at Hamilton fourteen years, where he was mayor four years, and 
city-clerk about the same length of time. After his father's death, in 1870, he removed with his 
family to the homestead in Melrose, where he was residing in 1882; P. O. address, Quincy, 111. 
He was engaged in agricultural pursuits ; had held some office most of the time since his change 
of residence ; had been supervisor and treasurer of the township the last four years. For ten years 
he was a teacher in common schools, — the last seven years in Quincy. In 1854, he was chosen 
superintendent of the Sabbath-school in the First Congregational Church of that town, and was 
holding that position in 1882, not having been absent a single Sabbath during this period of twenty- 
seven years. 

Child (by 2d marriage): 
917. I. Edward Dennis,^ b. 7 Oct., 1868, Hamilton, 111. 

FAMILY 101. 

918. Hiram Watson* Humphrey, [716] (Hiram,'' Esq. Alexander Campbell,^ Hon. 
Daniel,^ Dea. Alichael,* Dea. John,"' Sergt. Johtt,^ Michael,') was born 9 Sept., 1840, in West Carlisle, 
Ohio. He married Maria Cecelia McDaniel, of New Carlisle, Indiana. 

He was (1883) engaged in the hardware, tin and sheet-iron business, having succeeded his 
father. P. O. address, New Carlisle, Indiana, 


Children (born in New Carlisle, Iiid. ) : 

919. I. Harvey Hiram.' 

920. II. Jessie, 9 is deceased. 

921. III. Paul,' is deceased. 

FAMILY 102. 

922. Hubert' Humphrey, [745] {Dr. Phdps,-! Dr. PMhmdcr^ Hon. Daniel,^ Dea. 
Michael,* Dea. /ohn,i Sergl. John,'' Michael,') was born 2 Nov., 1841. in (Iranviile, Ohio. He 
married, at Toledo, O. , 6 Feb., 1864, Nancy Elizabeth (dau. of James and Elizabeth Fairchild) 
Pickens, of McComb, Hancock Co., O., born in, or near, that town. 

He enlisted, as a private, in the 21st Ohio Vol. Infantry, and declined promotion; was 
killed, 1864, in the batde at Jonesborough. 

His widow married (2) Frank Otto; res. (1882) Belmore, Putnam Co., O. 
923. I. Hubert,' b. 14 Nov., 1864, McConib, Ohio; in 1882, was residing in that town. 

FAMILY 103. 

924. John Jay'' Humphrey, (751 1 (Darwin,'' Dr. Philander,'' Hon. Daniel,^ Dea. Michael,'' 
Dea. John,T' Sergl. John,^ Michael,') was born 14 June, 1841, in Granville, Ohio. He married, at 
Lamar, Missouri, 13 Dec, 1871, Mary E. McCutchen, who was born 18 Feb., 1848, at Boon- 
ville. Mo. 

He is a member of the firm of Humphrey & Brother, wholesale and retail dealers in fur- 
niture, hardware, &c. Res. (1882) Lamar, Mo. 
Children (born in Lamar, Mo. ) : 

Luella,' b. 12 Oct., 1872. 

Henry Selby,' b. 26 Oct., 1874. ' 

LoNA,9 b. 23 Aug., 1877. 

Marietta,' b. 9 Jan., 1879. 

John D.', b. 23 June, 1882. * 

FAMILY 104. 

93°- Hoyt^ Humphrey, [752] (Darwin, ^ Dr. Philander,'' Hon. Daniel^ Dea. Michael,*' 
Dea. fohn,^ Sergl. John,- 'Michael,') was born 8 Sept., 1848, in Granville, Ohio. He married, at 
Lamar, Missouri, 24 June, 1876, Ella Wills, who was born 24 Aug., 1854, in Carlinville, 111. 

He is a member of the firm of Humphrey & Brother, wholesale and retail dealers in fur- 
niture, hardware, &c. Res. (1882) Lamar, Mo. 
Children (born in Lamar, Mo.): 

931. I. Melita,' b. 14 May, 1877. 

932. XL Mabel,' b. 28 Sept., 1878. 

FAMILY 105. 

933- Frank Selby' Humphrey, [760] (Judge Daniel,-' Dr. PhUanda-.'' Hon. naniel,i 
Dea. Michael,* Dea. John,' Sergl. John." Michael,'} was born 4 Oct., 1854, Newark. Ohio, He 












married, in Le Roy, N. Y., 30 May, 1877, Emma Staunton (second child of Julius Augustus* and 
Amelia Staunton) Hays, born 19 July, 1859, Chicago, 111. They resided (1883) at No. 662 Carroll 
St., Brooklyn, N. Y. Law reporter; of the firm of Katte & Humphrey, stenographers, type-writers 
and lithographers, No. 49 Cedar St., New York City. 
Children : 

934. I. Lella Amelia, 9 b. 7 Jan., 1878, Cleveland, Ohio. 

935. II. Louisa Staunton,? b. 27 Nov., 1878, Granville, Ohio; d. 12 Oct., 1879, Pittsburgh, 

Penn., a;. 11 mos., 15 ds. ; was buried in Granville. 

936. III. Emma Staunton, « b. 13 July, 1880, Le Roy, N. Y. 

FAMILY 106. 

937- Augustus Phelps* Humphrey, [765] (Lester^ Esq. Augustus,^ Hon. Daniel,^ 
Dea. Michael,^ Dea. John,' Sergl. John,'' Michael,') was born 8 Jan., 1819, in Hartland, Hartford 
Co., Ct. He married, (1) in New Albany, Franklin Co., O., 16 Dec, 1846, Rosalinda Adelia 
Philippia (dau. of Asael and Lovisa Beaumont f) Hall, of N. A., b. 27 Oct., 1823, Middlebury, . 
Knox Co., O. ; died 8 Apr., 1856. in New Albany, O. He married (2) in San Francisco, California, 
12 Nov., 1S56, Sylvia Wright, b. i May, 1832, Binghamton, Broome Co , N. Y., dau. of Jeremiah 
and Abigail (Cory) Wright, of Dansville, Livingston Co., N. Y. 

About the year 1840, Mr. Humphrey engaged extensively in the tar, turpentine, cotton and 
lumber business, m the Southern States; and, about 1844, in mercantile pursuits at New Albany, 
Ohio, In 1852. he went to Calaveras Co., California,, where he engaged in mining, and the man- 
ufacturing of soda-water. About 1858, he commenced farming and the dairy business in San Jose 
Valley; removed, about i860, to Halfmoon Bay, San Mateo Co.; 1871, to Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz 
Co.; and, 1873, 'o San Luis Obispo, San Luis Obispo Co., California, where he was residing in 
1 88 1, being still engaged in agriculture and, also, in fruit culture. 
Children (by I si marriage; born in New Albany, O. ) : 

938. I. Rose Mary,' b. 14 Nov., 1847; was married by Rev. A. F. Jones, m New Albany, O., 

18 Feb., 1864, to William Henry (son of Thomas Lawson and Elizabeth Ferguson) 
Johnson, of N. A. Shoe merchant. Res. (1883) New Albany; P. O. address, 
Hope, Franklin Co., Ohio. Children (born in New Albany): 

939. i. Thomas Blynn," b. 31 Dec. 1864; d. 10 Sept. 1865, in New Albany. • ■ 

940. ii. Willis Grant," b. 4 July, 1866. 

941. iii. Laura Jane,'° b. 14 7€b. 1869. 

942. iv. George Donaldson,'" b. 6 March, 1872. 

943. V. Herman Elwood,'" b. 14 Oct. 1874. 

944. fi. Livonia Bell,'° b. 14 March, 1876. 

945. vii. Charles Foster," b. 14 Oct. 1879. 

946. viii. Minnie Emma,'" b. 21 Sept. 1882. 

947. II. Livonia Antoinette, -J b. 8 Feb., 1849; married, in Plainwell, Allegan Co., Mich., 30 

Nov., 1868, James Wesley Edwards, of Kendall, Van Buren Co., Mich., b. 6 Juh, 
1 84 1, Huntington, Lorain Co., O., son of Justus and Jane (Sweet) Edwards, of 
Otsego, Allegan Co., Mich. F'armer. P. O. address (1883) Otsego, Mich. Children: 

* Julius Augustus Hays was born 8 May. 1830, Pittsfield, Mass.. ni. 9 Jan. 1848, Amelia Staunton, b. 8 May, 1828, Wyoming, 
N.V.; d 15 May. 1861 Le Roy, N V, and was there buned. He married (2) Helen Seymour. Printer. Res. (1883) Richland, Kansas 

1 Lovisa Ee.iumonl's father came from Fr.ince, and took an active part in the Revolutionair war After the death of her first 
husband, Asael Hall, she married (as 2d wife) Noble Landon, Esq., bom about 1784, in Litchfield Co , Ct, He went to Columbus, O , 
about 1802 and. later, l.iid out and established the village of New Albany, O , where he died in 1866, aged 82 years. He had many 
children by his first marriage and two by the second. 


948.- ^ ■ i- Henry Beaumont,'" b. 20 Dec. 1869, Kendall, Mich.; died there,' g Det. 1873. 

949. ii. William Justus,'" b. 16 Aug. 1871, Kendall, Mich. 

950. iii. Maud Lovisa,'" b. 19 June, 1875, .Kendall, Mich. 

951. iv. Mabel Mary,'" b. 17 March, 1877, Otsego, Mich.; died there, 20 March, 1879. 

952. V. Bessie Dean,'" b. 25 July, 1880, Otsego, Mich. 

953. vi. Ray Wesley,'" b. 10 Sept. 1882, Otsego, Mich. 

954. III. Andrew Beaumont,' b. 22 Sept., 1850; m. Mary Emily Allen. Family 118. 
( Bv 2d marriage) : 

955. IV. foRA Abby,9 b. 5 May, 1858, San Andreas, Calaveras Co., Cal. ; m. in San Francisco, 

Cal., 16 July, 1 88 1, Joseph C. Lawless, of that city. P. O. address (1883) No. 
152 1 Seventh St., Oakland, Alameda Co., Cal. [See Add., p. 242 (aj.^ 

956. V. Emma Josephine, 9 b. 18 Sept., 1859, San Francisco, Cal.; in 1883, was unmarried; 

P. O. address, Santa Cruz, Cal. 

FAMILY 107. 

957. Hon. Samuel Dwight** Humphrey, ^ D., [766] (Lester,-! Esq. Augustus,^ Hon. 
Daniel,^ Dea. Michael,* Dea. John,' Sergi. John,- Michael,' j was born 4 April, 1823, at Hartland, Ct. 
He married (i) in Albany, N. Y., 4 April, 1844, Mary Amelia (dau. of Benjamin and Sally 
Miller) Thompson, of A., born 18 June, 1824; died in Albany, 24 June, 1861, ae. 37 years. He 
married (2) in Morrisania, N. Y., 9 Oct., 1861, Helen Van Ness Williams, dau. of Cornelius 
Williams, M. D. , of Hudson, N. Y., and his wife (Van Ness). 

Dr. S. D. ' Humphrey was a fair exemplification of that persistence, endurance and ingenuity 
which have long been regarded as constituting the Yankee character. His parents died while he 
was young, so that at the age of twelve he was obliged to depend upon his own resources. In 
1839, he went from Hartland, Ct., to Albany, N. Y., and was afterwards, for two years, at 
Wilbraham Academ}', where chemistry was one of his favorite studies. For several years he was 
engaged in photography, until Sept., 1850, when he settled in New York City, as editor of Hum- 
phrey's Journal of Photography, the first periodical on this subject published in the country, and 
which he successfully conducted for nine years. At that time he resided in Morrisania, New York. 
Resolving to adopt the profession of medicine, he attended the sessions of the New York Medical 
College in the winter of 1857-8, — attended three terms, and finally graduated at the Bellevue Hos- 
pital Medical College, in 1863. He removed shortly after to Patterson, Putnam Co., N. Y., and 
commenced practice. As a medical practitioner he was eminently successful, quick and very correct 
in judgment, kind and attentive to those who came under his care, — accomplishing a vast amount 
of labor, often riding 60 and 80 miles a day. 

.Though not an active politician, the Democrats, having experienced several defeats, nominated 
him for Assembly in 1868, and he was elected by a majority of 223 votes over the Republican 
candidate. He was chairman of the committee on Public Health, and Medical Colleges and Societies ; 
but he made his mark, principally, by his zealous efforts to protect the interests of the farmers 
along the line of the New York and Harlem Rail Road, and to procure legislation for the reduction 
of the price for conveying milk on that road. Though dealing with a strong antagonist, he showed 
himself to be an adversary of no mean ability.* 

He died 7 April, 1883, in Tower City, Cass Co., Dakota, a;. 60 years. 
Children (born in Patterson, N. V. ; ■ by 1st marriage ) : 
958. . I. Nellie Ro.xana,' b. 14 Feb., 1845; m. in Rochester, N. Y., 18 Oct., 1S64, John 

• Compiled, in part, from an article found in Life Sketches of Members of the State Senate and .Assembly 0/ A'e^u Vork, 1S68. 


Whitehouse Maltby, h. 21 Sept., 1838, Gates, Monroe Co., N. Y., son of Seth 
Murry Maltby, of G., who died 23 July, 1873, and Abigail ^Grannis), who died 9 
Dec, 1846. Machinist. Res. (1883) Dunkirk, Chautauqua Co., N. Y. Children 
(born in Rochester, N. l^-J: 

959. i. George Reecher," b. 31 Dec. 1865. 

960. ii. Edward Whitehouse," b. 20 Oct. 1868. 

961. II. Rosalinda Miller,' b. 21 June, 1847; m. in Patterson, N. Y., 5 Oct., 1866, James 

Harvey (son of Lewis and Deborah Ann Lane) Wood, a native and resident of P., 
b. 19 Dec, 1837. He is a farmer; res. Patterson, N. Y. P. O. address (1883) 
Brewster's Station, Putnam Co. , N. Y. Chi/J (born in Patterson, N. V. ) : 

962. i. Howard T.'», b. 31 Aug. 1867. 

963. III. Willis Dwight,9 b. 11 June, 1850; m. Lydia Ann Merrett. Family 119. 
(By 2d marriage): 

964. IV. Herbert Van Ness,' b. 24 Mch., 1863. 

965. V. Lester Cornelius,? b. Aug., 1865. 

FAMILY 108. 

966. Carlton Frederick^ Humphrey, [779I (Lucius,y Coi. chaunqy,^ Hon. Daniel,^ 

Dea. Michael,'' Dea. John,'^ Sergt. John,'' Michael,^) was born 22 Feb., 1845, Columbus, Ohio. 
He married, at Granville, Licking Co., Ohio, 18 Dec, 1873, Ella Rosalthe Moore, b. 24 July, 
1848, in that town, dau. of Samuel Russell Moore, a native and resident of G. , and Rosalthe 
(Woods), of Vermont, now deceased. He is a druggist; P. O. address (1883) Cor. Champion 
Ave. & Friend St., Columbus, Ohio. 
Children : 

Son ,9 died in infancy. 

Frederick Hovey,' d. 12 July, 1876, ae. 10 months, and 12 days. 

Edwin Moore,' b. 21 May, 1877, Columbus, O. 

Emily Laura,' b. 22 May, 1879; d. 2 June, 1883, at Columbus, O. 

Walter Allen,' b. 26 June, 1881. 

FAMILY 109. 

972- George Dudley^ Humphrey, [782] {Philemon,i judge Dudley,^ Hon. Daniel,^ Dea. 
Michael,^ Dea. John,^ Sergt. John,^ Michael,'') was born i May, 1833, at Danville, Pa. He married, 
10 Jan., 1S60, Mary (dau. of Joseph and Eunice) Park, of Birmingham, Oakland Co., Mich. He 
died of consumption, 8 Jan., 1867, ae. 33 years; was buried at Royal Oak, Mich. His widow 
res. (1870) at Pontiac, Mich. 

Children : 
973. I. Lettie May,' born about 1861. 

974- n. George Emery,' born about 1865. 

FAMILY 110. 

975- William AdamS^ Humphrey, ^814] (Dea. James,i Dudley,^ Esq. Asahel,^ Dea. 
Michael,'^ Dea. John,^ Sergt. John,- Michael,') was bom 17 March, 1841, in West Norfolk, Ct. 
He married, at New Marlborough, Mass., 31 Jan., 1866, Maria Malvina (dau. of Peter Mitchell 
and Martha Jewell) Mills, of Cornwall, Ct., born in that town 22' Feb., 1846. 












Mr. Humphrey entered the Union army, 25 Oct., 1861, with his brother Edward James, 
[Fam. 83, J.='] One of his first great trials was the death of this brother; but when he had 
coffined the remains, he wrote to his parents, expressing his desire, notwithstanding this great loss, 
to continue in the war unto the end. He was in the battles at Newbern, N. C. ; SuiTolk, Va. ; 
Antietam and Fredericksburgh ; returned home 25 Oct., 1S64. Farmer. Res. (1883) West 
Norfolk, Ct. 

976. I. Lizzie Martha,' b. 5 March, 1867, Norfolk, Ct. ; d. 27 Aug., i863, a;. 1 year. 

977. II. Mattie Jewell, 9 b. 27 Sept., 1869, Norfolk, Ct. 

978. III. Leroy Edward,' b. 21 Nov., 1873, New Britain, Ct. 

979. IV. James Mills,' b. 16 March, 1877, New Britain, Ct. 

FAMILY 111. 

980. John Dudley^ Humphrey, [815] (Dea. James,^ Dudley,^ Esq. Asahei,^ Dea. 
Michael,* Dea. John,' Sergt. John,- Michael,'') was born 27 May, 1842, in West Norfolk, Ct. He 
married (i) in Norfolk, Ct., 30 Oct., 1864, Josephine (dau. of Alfred and Mary Ann Case) Swathel, 
a native of Winsted, Ct., b. 7 Aug., 1846. He married (2) 29 Aug., 1882, Florence Isabel (dau. 
of William Ely and Martha Adelia) Butler, a native and resident of Hartford, Ct. , b. 4 Jan., 1851. 
He is a merchant and insurance agent: res. (1883) New Britain, Ct, 
Children (by 1st marriage ): 

981. I. Charles Alfred,' b. 17 Aug., 1867, New Brunswick, N. J. 

982. II. Robert Edward,' b. i Dec, 1878, New Britain, Ct. ; d. 2 .\ug., 1879, *• ^ months. 

FAMILY 112. 

983. George Asa'' Humphrey, [822] (Edwin S/eek,'' Dr. Asalul,^ Esq. Asahel,^ Dea. 
Michael,* Dea. Johji,^ Sergt. John,- Michael,') was born 20 Feb., 1857, in Mineral township, near 
Sheffield, Illinois. He married, at Sheffield, i July, 1878, Myra Belle (dau. of Charles Appleton 
and Eliza Eraser) Stevenson, b. 30 June, 1863, Chicago, 111., where her parents resided. Clerk. 
Res. (1883) Sheffield, Illinois. 
Children (born in Sheffield): 

984. I. Clara Anna,' born 8 Feb., 1880. 

985. II, Marv Emeline,' born 25 June, 1881. 

FAMILY 113. 

986. Jewry Orson' Humphrey, [859] (Orson Joseph, t Joseph,^ Capt. Joseph,^ Joseph,* 
/oseph,^ Sergt. John,^ Michael,') was born 30 May, 1832, in Eaton Township, Lorain Co., Ohio; 
He married, at La Porte, Lorain Co., O., 9 Oct., 1856, Sarah Elizabeth Worthington, b. 16 Jan., 
1839, Eaton, O., dau. of Jonathan Benjamin and Elizabeth Betsey (Orr) Worthington, of La Porte, O.* 

He is a farmer; res. (1883) Eaton, O., on the homestead where he was born and where he 
has always lived. 

Children (born in Eaton Tmimship, Lorain Co., O.): 
987. I. Helena Adell,' b. 21 Jan., i860. 

• Jonathan Benjamin Worthington was born i6 Jan. 1807, in Pennsylvania : m. 1827, Elizabeth Betsey Orr, b. 23 Oct. 1813, d. 25 
Oct. 1869, La Porte, O. He res. (iSS^jJ in that town. 
















988. II. Elmer Ellsworth, 9 b. 16 Jan., 1862; married in Carlisle Township, Lorain Co., 
O., 18 Oct., 1882, Alzina Roxanna (dau. of Noah Crocker and Lydia Lucinda 
Fauver) Hamlin, b. 14 Jan., 1861, Freedom Township, Henry Co., O.* He is a 
farmer; P. O. address (1883) La Porte, Lorain Co., O 

M-iiRY Elizabeth, 9 b. July, 1864. 

Joseph Orson, ^ b. 11 May, 1866. 

Clarence Alfred,' b. March, 1871. 

Edward Burton, 9 b. 1873; died in infancy. 

Grace Mildred, 9 b. February, 1875. 

Edwin Jonathan, 9 b. 1879. 

Hubert Benjamin, 9 b. June, 1881. 


996. Judge James Bird^ Humphrey, L861] (MarkJ Joseph,^ Cap/. Joseph,'^ Joseph,'^ 
Joseph,^ Sergi. John,' Jliihacl,' ) was born 13 July, 1836, in Ridgeville, Lorain Co., Ohio. He 
married, in Ashland, O., 4 Oct., 1864, Margaret Maria Miller, born in that town, 26 Jan., 1842, 
dau. of William Miller, who died when she was about five years of age, and Matilda Ann (Taylor), 
who res. (1883) Lansing, Mich. 

Mr. Humphrey entered the preparatory department at Oberlin, Ohio, in 1856, and the 
college in 1858. Owing to the fact that many members ef the class of 1862 left their studies on 
account of the war for the Union, he did not graduate ; but spent the greater part of that year 
in reading law, and was admitted to the bar in September, 1862. He then entered the Albany 
Law School, where he remained during the winter and spring of 1863. For a continuation of 
his history from this time we add an extract from a biographical notice which appeared in the 
Lansing Republican when he was appointed Deputy State Treasurer, September ist, 1881, to fill 
the vacancy caused by the resignation of Charles H. Hodskin : "Mr. Humphrey was admitted to 
practice in all the courts of Ohio and the U. S. courts in 1863. He practiced law at Elyria un- 
til 1867, when he removed to Allegan, and soon became a member of the law firm of Williams, 
Pritchard & Humphrey. This partnership continued for two years, when Gen. Pritchard was re-elected 
land commissioner and withdrew from the firm. The partnership between Judge W. B. Williams 
and Judge Humphrey has continued until the present time. He was elected Judge of Probate in 
1872, and held this position for eight years. At the beginning of the rebellion he assisted in 
raising company E, 42d Ohio, President Garfield's old regiment, and went to Columbus to muster, 
but was thrown out for physical disability by the examining surgeon. The selection is a good 
one for the responsible position of Deputy Treasurer, as Judge Humphrey has not only practical 
ability to fill the office, but he is an honest man." 

We also make an extract from an article which was in the Allegan Journal at the time of 
his removal to Lansing to enter upon his new duties : 

"It is with unusual regret that we announce the departure from Allegan, so suddenly 
determined upon, of Judge J. B. Humphrey. He has been a citizen of our town for a dozen 
years or more, and in every way has shown himself a man of admirable qualities. For several 
years he was director of the public schools [from 1873 to 1878,] and under his care our edu- 
cational interests made excellent progress. He served two terms, eight years, as probate judge, in 
that capacity coming into contact with, perhaps, a majority of the people of the county, winning 

* Noah Crocker Hamlin was bom 14 Dec. 1836, Avon Township, Lorain Co., 0.; married in Carlisle Township, O., 27 Maich, 
i86o, Lydia Lucinda Fauver, b. 8 Apr. 1840, Eaton Township, O. 


ihe good opinion of each one, while discharging with justice and perfect honesty his important 
duties. He is a genial companion, a steadfast friend, an honest and capable attorne}-, and in his 
new post has the good will and wishes of all Allegan people. Mrs. Humphrey also will be missed 
from a social circle which she did much to refine and make pleasant. Mr. Humphrey has been 
appointed by Gen. Pritchard, deputy state treasurer, and started Tuesday for Lansing, assuming his 
office Sept. I. That the state treasurer made a wise selection time will certainly show." 

\Mien Judge Humphrey resigned his position, July ist, 1883, and formed a law partnership 
with Mr. Ira E. Randall, of Lansing, under the firm name of Humphrey & Randall, the following 
was printed in the Lansing Republican : 

"Judge Humphrey's ability as a lawyer is acknowledged, while the capital city may be 
proud to claim him as a permanent resident. He has performed the responsible duties of deputy 
treasurer for over three years with ability and fidelity. Mr. Randall is a rising young lawyer of this 
city who has made many friends by his industry and integrity of character. The new firm is 
possessed of all the requisites with which to build up a successful and honorable law business." 

Judge Humphrey is a stanch republican and has done much to advance the interests of his 
party. P. O. address (1883) No. 113 Washington Avenue, North, Lansing, Mich. 
Children : 

997. L Ch.\rles Mark, 9 b. 17 July, 1865, Elyria, O. 

998. IL Fanxie Louise,'' b. 30 July, 1868, Allegan, Mich. 

FAMILY 115. 

999- Charges Wesley^ Humphrey, [870] (IVormanJ lukc^^ Capt. Joseph,^ Joseph,* 
Joseph,^ Sergt. John,^ Michael,^) was born 3 Sept., 1834, in Simsbury, C't. He married Louise J. 
Prindle, 15 Feb., 1863. He died 4 Nov., 1882, Plainville, Ct., where he had resided for several 
years; was buried at Simsbury. His death was caused by an accident on the cars. His widow 
res. (1883) Hartford, Ct. 

Oiildren (born in Hartford, Ct.): 
1000. I. Minnie Louise,' b. 7 July, 1865 • d. in Hartford, 16 Apr., 1868, a;. 2 )ears, 9 

months. * 
looi. II. Charles Albro,9 b. 14 Feb., 1868. 

FAMILY 116. 

1002. Mark Newton'^ Humphrey, [88ij (Newton,i Luke,^ Capt. Joseph, ■^ Joseph,'-- Joseph, t^ 
Sergt. John,^ Michael,' ) \\as burn 3 Jul)-, 1827, in Simsbury, Ct. He married, in Bloomfield, Ct., 
8 Aug., 1849, Helen Electa (dau. of Samuel and Matilda Barnard) Cadwell, of B. , who was born 
in that town, 25 Jan., 1827. He was a carriage-maker. He died in New Haven, Ct., at the res- 
idence of his brother Horace Burt^ Humphrey, 20 Oct., 1861, as. 34 years; was buried in Hop 
Meadow Burying-ground, Simsbury. His widow res. (1883) in Simsbury, Ct. 

1003. L Horace James,' b. 12 June, 1850, West Hartford, Ct. ; res. (1S83) Simsbury, Ct. ; 


FAMILY 117. 

1004. John Ames' Humphrey, [908] (Dr. Philander Phelps,^ Daniel Granvilk,^ Daniel 
Granville,^ Hon. Daniel,^ Dea. Michael. '■ Dea. John.' Sergt. John,- Michael,') was born 15 June. 

* Minnie Louise dau. of Charles W. & Louise Humphrey died Ap. 17, 1868, aged 2y 91110 "Another Gem in Heaven."— Inscription 
in Hofi Meadow Burying-ground. 

1850, in Falls Village, Salisbury, Ct. His father removed with his family to Red Wing, Minnesota, 
where all were murdered by the Indians [See Fam. 97, J.^j with the exception of this son, then 
aged twelve years, who returned to Salisbury and lived with his grandfather, Horatio Ames. He 
was educated at Wilbraham Academy; and married, in Wilbraham, Mass., 27 May, 1870, Adelaide 
Hempstead, b. 15 July, 1852, Charlestown, Mass., dau. of Rev. Henry E. Hempstead and his 
wife Hannah (Merrill), of Wilbraham, Mass. Rev. H. E. Hempstead was a minister of the New 
England Conference (Methodist Episcopal), and died at Fredericksburgh, Va., in the war for the 
Union, while acting as chaplain of the 29th Massachusetts Regiment. 

Occupation of Mr. Humphrey, — metals; his P. O. address (1883) No. 54 Cliff St., New 
York City; res. 191 Raymond Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Child (born m Brooklyn, N. 1'.): 
1005. I. Leonard Hempstead,'" b. 11 December, 1872. 

s FAMILY 118. 

1006. Andrew Beaumont- Humphrey, [954] (Augustus Pheips,^ Lester,'' Esq. 

Augustus,^ Hon. Daniel,^ Dca. Michael,'' Dea. John,^ Sergt. /ohn,^ Michael,') was born 22 Sept., 
1850, in New Albany, Franklin Co., Ohio. He married, in Springville, Erie Co., N. Y., 28 Dec, 
1881, Mary Emily Allen, of Brockton, Mass., b. 17 July, 1859, Cuba, Allegany Co., N. Y., dau. 
of Nathan Allen, of Springville, who died in that town in 1864, and his wife Susan Jane Hed- 
den (Moe).* 

Mr. Humphrey resided, 1850-67, in New Albany and Columbus, 0.; 1867-70, in Berea, 
Madison Co., Kentucky; 1870-71, was a teacher at Alton Station, Franklm Co., Ohio; 1871, a 
pupil at Oberlin, O. ; 1871-75, a student at Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. ; 1875-77, Assistant 
Principal of Ithaca High School; 1877-78, Editor of Guide-books, New York City; 1879-81, 
County Superintendent of Public Schools, Ithaca, Tompkins Co., N. Y.; 1882 (January) State In- 
spector of Teachers Classes, pro tern.; 1882-83, Editor of Daily Saratogian, Saratoga Springs, N. Y.; 
1883, Editor and Publisher of Guide-books, with Taintor Brothers, Merrill & Co., New York. 
P. O. address, Nos. 18 & 20 Astor Place, New York City. 

1007. I. Allen Beaumont, '° b. 23 Dec, 1882, Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

FAMILY 119. 

1008. Willis Dwight' Humphrey, [963] (Dr. Samuel Dwight,^ Lester,^ Esq. Augustus,^ 
Hon. Daniel,i Dca. Michael,^ Dea. John,^ Scrgt. John," Michael,') was born ii June, 1850, in New 
York City. He was married by Rev. T. R. G. Peck, of Hastings, 23 Oct., 1873, to Lydia Ann 

Merrett, a native and resident of Tarrytown, N. Y., b. 30 Jan., 1850, dau. of William Merrett, 
who died 31 Dec, 1878, and his wife Maria (Church). He is a carpenter by trade. Res. (1883) 
Sanborn, Barnes Co., Dakota. 
Children : 

Frank, "° b. 18 Feb., 1875, White Plains, N. Y. 
Walter Dwight,'° b. 6 July, 1877, New Fairfield, Ct. 
William David, ■° b. 2 Oct., 1878, New Fairfield, Ct. 
Edward,"" b. 10 Apr., 1880, Patterson, N. Y. 

Elmore, '° b. 6 June, 1881, Tower City, Dakota; died there, 14 June, 1882, ae. i 
year and 8 days. 

' Susan Jane Hedden (Moe) Allen married (2) Hon. Albert Keith, Brockton, Mass., April, 1878. 





lOI I. 








(P. 122.) MARY-t Humphrey, [Fam. 6 (66), J.=] b. 3 Mav, 1716; m. James Hillyer, Jr. 
She is buried at Salmon Brook, and the inscription on her grave-stone is as follows: 

"Sacred to ye memory of Mrs. Mary, consort to Capt. James Hillyer, who departed this life Dec. 6"' AU 
1797, in ye 82""' year of her age. 



: ad. 



■ life, 

A tender 

mother, a \ 



i V. 


By the poor beloved, 



e r 



Too good 

for earth, i 

n h£ 




's gone 


Children • 

\. Lucy," b. 7 Apr. 1736; m. Isaac Brooker. 
ii. Asa,' b. 21 Aug. 1738. 

iii. Andrew,' b. 4 June, 1740; m. . George E. Hoadley, No. 78 Ann St., Hartford, Ct., (18 

grandson; and has furnished these records. 
iv. Mary,' m. Michael Holcombi 
V. James,'' b. 6 Oct, 1746. 
vi. Pliny,' b. 1749. 

vii. Apphia,^ b. 2 Feb. 1752; m. Miller. 

viii. Theodore,'' b. 10 July, 1754; married Lodamy ■'' * Humphrey, [Fam. 17, S.-] 

(P. 210.) Mrs. Harriet Lydia ^ (Humphrey) Evarts, [Fam. 60 (664), J.-] wife of George 
Sylvester Evarts,t Jied at Topeka, Kansas, to Jan. 1883. The Topeka Capitol of the 12th Jan. 
alludes to her death as follows: 

• ■ Mrs. Evarts has been a resident among us for fifteen years. Her previous home was 
Hartford, Ct. She was a lady of superior refinement and intellectual gifts, and was greatly beloved 
by those who were fortunate enough to know her intimately. Until prevented by ill-health and 
family cares, she was prominent in every good cause. Especially was she active for years in the 
temperance reformation. She at one time occupied the position of Grand Worthy Vice-Templai 
of Kansas, and twice was she delegated by the Grand Lodge of Good Templars of the state to 
represent them in their national council. Her eldest daughter, Belle, preceded her to the better life 
by only a few weeks, and the surviving members of the family have the sincerest sympathy of the 
community in their double and peculiarly sad bereavement. 

Children (born in Hartford, Ct., excepting the youngest two who were born in Topeka, Kansas): 

i. George Alfred,' b. 5 Dec. 1853; m. Emma McLaughlin, of Topeka, Kansas, where they res. 1883.} 

ii. Eugene Lester,' b. 6 May, 1856; m. May E. Rowe, of Topeka, Kansas, where they res. 1883. 

iii. Frederick Lawrence,' b. 13 Feb. 1858; m. Minnie Davis, of New Haven, Ct. Res. (1883) Topeka, Kan. 

iv. Harry Howard,' b. 10 June, i860; d. 18 Jan. 1862, Hartford, Ct. 

V. Harriet Isabella,' b. 4 May, 1862; d. 30 Nov. 1882. 

vi. Harry Goodwin,' b. 22 Dec. 1865 ; d. 3 July, 1872. 
vii. Frank R.', b. 19 Feb. 1873. 
viii. Helen B.', b. 31 May, 1875. 

(P. 211.) Helen Maria^ Humphrey, [F'am. 60(672), J.=] married, in Simsbury, Ct., 7 Mch. 
1859, Reuben Lester Evarts.f Blacksmith. She died 23 Mch., 1873, in Hartford, Ct. Child: 
i. Frank Lester,' b. 18 Mch. 1873, Hartford, Ct.; res. there (1883) with his father. 

* Lodama, ace. to one record. 

t He is a son of Eben Bishop Evarts, b. 31 Mch. 1797; m. i Jan. 1823, Rebecca Crumbly, b. 27 Aug. 1796; d. 23 Jan. 1844. Mr. 
E. B. Evarts died 14 Sept. 1874. j ChiU : (i) Nellie G., b. 28 July, 1877. 

(P. 215.) Hiram ^ Humphrey, [Fam. 67, J.^] married, about 1831,* Mary C. Adams. 
Resided in Schoolcraft, Kalamazoo Co., Mich., where she died 9 Sept., 1853. He removed to 
New Carlisle, Ind., July, 1856.! 

Children (besides three who dud young) : 

I. Mary Jane,^ b. 12 Feb., 1S36, Madison Co., N. Y. ; married at White Pigeon, Mich., 

17 Dec, 1857, Joshua Crane (son of Jedidiah and Polly Crane) Bacon, b. 9 Oct. 
1830, Williamstown, Vt. , the residence of his parents. They resided in his native 
town until the fall of 1865, when they removed to New Carlisle, Ind., and, in the 
following spring, to Chester Centre, Poweshiek Co., Iowa, where they res. 1883. Children: 

i. Etta Florence,' b. 20 May, 1859; m. 27 Mch. 1878, M. Adelbert SearS. Child: (I) Myron 
Adalbert >» (Sears), b. 25 Jan. 1881. 

ii. Fred. Humphrey,' b. 16 May, l86r. 

iii. Ida Ann,' b. 30 Aug. 1863; m. 14 Mch. 1883, Frederic J. Cocking. 

iv. William Dyer,' b. 20 Nov. 1865; died of scarlet fever, 28 June, 1882, Chester Centre, Iowa. 

V. Albert Henry,' b. 20 Mch. 1868. 

vi. Hiram Joshua,' b. 7 Aug. 1870. 

vii. Harriet Augusta,' b. 6 Oct. 1872. 
viii. Edith Mary,' b. 30 Dec. 1875; died of scarlet fever, 22 June, 1882, Chester Centre, Iowa. 

II. Harriet,^ b. 22 Dec, 1838; m. 19 Oct., 1868, Jeremiah Lester. He is a farmer. 

III. Hiram Watson,^ b. 9 Sept., 1840; m. Maria Cecelia McDaniel. 

IV. Sabra,^ b. 27 Apr., 1851; married George Egbert. 

(P. 215.) Matthew'' Humphrey, [Fam. 68, J.-J married in Middletown, Vt., 2 Sept., 
1833, Lucilda (dan. of Russell and Lucilda Caswell) Barber, of M. They settled in North Gran- 
ville, N. Y. She died in Granville, O. He is a dealer in jewelry. 

Children : 
734. I. Helen Statira, ^ married in Wyoming, V/yoming Co., N. Y., 24 Nov., 1868, Moses 

(son of Steven Goodwin and Sarah Powell) Goodrich. He was a sergeant in the 
army. Farmer; has filled the position of township trustee for the last nine }'ears. 
Their children were born in Granville, Licking Co., Ohio, where they res. 1883. 

737. II. Elon Dwight,^ enlisted at Wyoming, N. Y., 6 Aug., 1862, in the 130th N. Y. In- 

fantry. The regiment was transferred to the Cavalry branch of service, in the summer 
of 1863, as the ist N. Y. Dragoons. He was ist Sergeant of Co. D, Gibbs' Brigade 
and Merritt's Division of the cavalry command, under Sheridan, through the Shen- 
andoah Valley and about Petersburgh. He was present at the surrender of General 
Lee, 9 Apr., 1865, at Appomattox Court-House. 

738. III. Albert Jarvis,^ enlisted at Buffalo, N. Y., June, 1863, in Company E, 2d N. Y. 

Mounted Rifles. He lost his arm in the rifle-pits in front of Petersburgh, July 2d, 
1863. He was Quartermaster Sergeant. 

(P. 219.) Lester' Humphrey, [Fam. 73, J.-J married, 29 Mch., 1816, Roxanna Miller, 
b. 29 Feb., 1796. After his death she married (2) 27 Dec, 1828, Naaman Case, b. 8 Apr., 1799. 
Their son 

764. I. Cyrus Miller,^ m. 15 -\pr., 1842, Mary E. Butler, J who died Oct., i860. He died 

18 May, 1859. 

♦ Acc. to his daughter, Mrs. George Egbert, t Ace. to Mrs. Bacon, f Ace. to Mr. Andrew B. Humphrey, [Fam. ii8, J.] 

(P. 220.) Philemon' Humphrey, [Fam. 77, J.^] died of heart disease, in Pontiac, 

Mich., 2 May, 1880. Of his children 

784. IV. Chaunxey Dean,^ married in O.xlord, Oakland Co., Mich., 24 Suia., 1S63, ."^alina M. 

(dau. of and Emily Porter) Campbell, a native and resident of Oxford, b. 14 

Sept., 1844. Farmer. Res. (1883) Oakwood, Mich. No children. 

787. VII. Franxes Marion," d. 12 July, 1876, Pontiac, Mich. 

(P. 230.) Alfred Benajah** Humphrey, [Fam. 93, J.=] married (i) Louise Jennette 
(dau. of Frederick D. and Mary McMillin) Arthur, born 14 Aug., 18 — , in Owasco, Cayuga Co., 
N. Y., sister of F. F. Arthur, of Westfield, Mass. After her death, he married (2) in New Hart- 
ford, Ct., 5 Oct., 1864, Caroline (dau. of Isaac Pitkin and Laura Phelps) Steele, a native and 
resident of New Hartford, b. 25 Sept., 1842. Res. (1883) New Era; P. O. address, Mulino, Clack- 
amas Co., Oregon. 

[Mary (Minnie) Eberle, dau. of John J. and Eliza Eberle, of Lancaster, Pa., b. 7 Apr., 
1858, Avon, Ct., was adopted by Mr. A. B. Humphrey, 3 Nov., 1859, and bears the 
name of Humphrey. ] 

(P. 230.) John Calvin Edmund** Humphrey, [Fam. 94, J.^] married Mary Elvira 
Kimball, of West Avon, Ct. , born in CoUinsville, Ct. , 13 Nov., 1839, dau. uf Luke Kimball, of 
Stowe, Vt. , and Eunice (Chidsey),* of W. Avon, Ct. 

Mr. Humphrey was appointed Captain of Company H, ist Regiment C. N. G. , Sept. loth, 1866; 
was promoted to the rank of Major Aug. 26th, 1869; resigned Jan. 8th, 1872. Farmer and butcher. 
Res. (1883) at East Weatogue, Simsbur\, Ct. , on the homestead. 

(P. 235.) Cora Abby? Humphrey, [Fam. 106 (955), J.""] m. Joseph Charles Lawless, b. 18 
Feb., 1846, St. Louis, Mo., son of James and Mary (McKeever) Lawless, both of whom were 
natives of Albany, N. Y. Child: 

i. George Clifford,"" b. 24 May, 1882, Santa Cruz, Cal. 

* Eunice (Chidsey) Kimball was a dau. of Dea. Anson and Mary (Goodrich) Chidsey, of West Avon, Ct. She died in CoUinsville, 
Ct., 27 Oct. 1840, 2e. 22 years. Mr. Kimball married agam, and returned to Stowe, Vt., his native town, where he was residing in 1883. 
After the death of her mother, Mary Elvira Kimball went to reside with her grandparents m West Avon. 

Michael Humphrey, the Emigrant, according to the Genealogy given in the previous pages, has had, in the 
line of (and including), his eldest son John, 520 descendants, born by the name ?>f Hmnphrcy. In the second generation 
(John) one son; in the third, five sons, two daughters, — total 7. In the foiirlh, eleven sons, eleven daughters,— total 22. 
In theyJ/V/i, twenty -seven sons, twenty-five daughters,— total 52. In the sixth, fifty-four sons, forty-eight daughters, 
— total I02. In the smeiith, sixty-three sons, sixty-three daughters, — total 126. In the eighth, seventy sons, fifty-eight 
daughters, -total 128. In the ninth, forty-one sons, thirty-four daughters,— total 75. In the tenth, seven sons, no daugh- 
ters, — total 7. Total 520 born Humphreys. 

Of these, twenty-two were representatives in the Legislature of Connecticut, or of other States; one was Lieutenant- 
Governor; three. Judges of County Courts; three. Judges of Probate Courts; one, a United States District Attorney; one, a 
Deputy State Treasurer; one, a United States Plenipotentiary; one, a Delegate to the Convention for ratifying the Federal 
Constitution. Seven were Justices of the Peace; two for the term of twenty-five years each; one for the term of twenty-one 
years; and one for the term of twelve years; nine were Selectmen; five. Town Clerks; three, church Deacons; and one, a 
Clergyman; four were graduates of Yale College, one having the title of LL. D. ; seven were physicians; ar.d five, authors. 

There were nineteen having military titles, of whom, five were of the rank of Captain; two. Major; two. Lieutenant; 
one. Ensign; two. Colonel; one, General; three, non-commissioned ofhcers. Of these, ten at least, were in actual service; 
five in the old French and Indian Wars; four in the Revolutionary War; and six in the War of the Civil Rebellion. 

There were, also, in the hne of this John Humphrey (2), 751 descendants, children of the daughters of the family, 
and born by other names than that of Humphix-y. In the Jifth generation of these there were twenty sons, twenty-four 
daughters,— total 44. In the sixth, forty-three sons, forty-six daughters,— total 8g. In the senenth, eighty-three sons, 
eighty-four daughters, — total 167. In the eighth, one hundred and nine sons, one hundred and seven daughters, — total 
216. In the ninth, one himdred and eighteen sons, eighty-seven daughters,— total 205. In the tenth, nmeteen sons, 
eleven daughters, — total 30. Total 751 of Humphrey descent by other names. 

Of these descendaiits in the female line, there were recorded two Doctors; four Clergymen; eight Physicians; one 
Editor; one Poet; one Musician and Composer; one Architect; and eight College Graduates. Five were in the U. S. 
Service, in the War of the Civil Rebellion (two of the rank of Colonel) ; and one in the Navy. One held the oflice of City Mayor. 

Adding to the 520 descendants of the name of Humphrey, the 751 descendants of female Himiphreys, we have a 
total of 1,271 (recorded) descendants trom Michael Humphrey, the Emigrant, in the line of his eldest son John. 

There are other descendants of Sergt. Jolm- Himiphrey (descended from some of those who have intermarried with 
the descendants of Lt. Samuel ^ Humphrey) who will be found in the pages following, and are not included in this tabulation. 



Humphrey the Bishop was a witness, about the year A. D. , 604, to a deed of gift of Ethelbert, 
"King of Kent, of the Saxon race,'' of the manor of Tillingham to St. Paul's Cliurch (St. Paul's 
Cathedral, London). [Car/a Regis jEthelberti facia Eccksia.' S. Pauii\ de ?iia?ieris de Tillingham. 
Signum manus Hunfredi Episcopi.* \ Bishop Melitus was sent, about this date, to christianize the 
Britons, as the Pope feared the}- were going back to heathenism. It was while he was in Britain 
that this gift was made to the church. 

It will be noted from the above that as early as A. D. 604 some of the Humphrey name 
had become established in England, and one of them had become sufficiently eminent to be the 
Bishop of St. Paul's, in London. 

This, with other corroborative circumstances, would support if not confirm the inference that, 
at a date much earlier than the conquest of England in 1066, emigrations of Humphrevs had 
been made from the old hive in the north, Norway or some portion of Scandinavia, where the 
original family of Humphrej's was located. The name ■ ■ Home-frei, " Saxon, "Home freid" "Free 
homes," or as some have quoted it "peace-home," seems to point to the origin and status of the 
family. Theirs were known as "Free Homes" at a period when all Europe was in feudal bon- 
dage, and when every man was the serf or slave of some other man. 

From this hive of "Free Homes," — Home-frei, Saxon, or vrai, French, there were em 
'grations or forays making descents upon distant coasts and, as opportunity or inclination 
prompted, settling as conquerors or emigrants. In this manner the indications are that Humphre\s 
Qad, early in the Christian era, settled in England r.nd probably in 'W'ales; and, at a later date, that 
of the partition of Normandy, another and perhaps more disdnguished family or branch of the 
name setded in Normandy among those who gave to that portion of France its name, (Nor- 
mandy.) During the residence of these chiefs and families in Normandy, the motto as shown in 
many of the French Humphreys arms — '•Homme Vrai Ainu son Pays," as given b}' Burke, would 
Seem to have been adopted; the change from Home freid, Saxon, to Homme vrai, French,— _/>-<■(?- 
man to Irue man — being one of those changes so slight in letter or sound as to be easy of adoption; 
and among these Humphreys were those of note who maintaining their power and influence, were 
distinguished in the Holy Wars, and accompanied as chiefs and retainers the Conqueror to England, 
and taking part in the same and in the early wars of the Plantagenet Kings became noted as 
the Humphreys of ' ' the west of England. " 

It is quite probable that the earlier emigrations to England, and also to Wales, have resulted 
in a larger numerical body than the emigration from Normandy at the time of the Conquest, and 
we must regard them all as branches of the same common genealogical tree, however much 
they may differ in their present characteristics or more immediate origin. 

I find no other interpretation which can so well account for the large number of the English, 
Welsh and French Humphreys, or for the very imposing number of the Humphrey arms, not 
less than sixty of which are duly recorded as matter of history. 

A confidential letter written in cipher (in part, at least, ) from the camp at Newburgh, contains 
the following relating to Col. Humphreys, which may be read with the account given on page 153. 
"A most daring enterprise has been lately concocted at the quarters of the Chieftain here. It was no less 
than an attempt to take the Commander-in-Chief (Sir Henry Clinton) in his quarters in the city. A certain Col. 
Humphrey, one of the chief's Aid-de-Camps was to have gone down the river with a party, and land behind 
Kennedy's house,t and thence to proceed up through the garden and secrete themselves behind the house, while 
some were to advance on each side of it and seize the sentinels in the street, upon which a signal was to be 
given to those on the back of the house to crush in with crowbars and take his Excellency, with all his papers. 
Some traitors in the city were to know the night and hour of the attack, and were likewise to seize on the ad- 
jacent sentries on receiving the signal. To facilitate this mad project, a Captain's command was to land at Greenwich 
(Greenwich Village, now 14th Street) and march to Knypherson's quarters (north side of Wall St., near to cor. of 
Uilliam), as well for the purpose of making an alarm as for the purpose of seizing him. However romantic this 
may seem, yet I can assure you that it has been attempted to be put in execution. This Humphrey is quite 
sanguine of his succeeding at some convenient season. My authority is good, from no less than a General Officer." 
— Magazine of American History, Vol. X., p. 413. 

Weight of the Officers of the Contineittal Army, Aug. ij, 1783: — Gen. Washington, 209 pounds; Gen. Lincoln, 
224 pounds; Gen. Knox, 280 pounds; Gen. Huntington, 132 pounds; Gen. Greaton, 166 pounds; Col. Swift, 219 
pounds; Col. M. Jackson, 252 pounds; Col. H. Jackson, 230 pounds; Lieut.-Col. Huntington, 232 pounds; Lieut. - 
Col. Cobb, 186 pounds; Lieut.-Col. Humphries, 221 pounds. 

An anecdote is related of Col. David Humphreys and Col. Trumbull, which illustrates the quick wit and 
humor of the former. Engaged in the familiar exercise of forming, first a couplet by one, to which the other joined 
impromptu another: Trumbull began, "The sun from his empyrean height Beamed down through the depths of the 
sea"; to which Humphrey replied: "The fishes cried out, beginning to sweat. Good heavens, how hot we Fhall be." 

• Dugdale's Hist. 0/ St. PauVs Catliedral: App., p. 5;— 2d edition, pub. 1716. t No. i Broadway, cor. Battery Place; pulled down 1882. 



2. Lieutenant SaiTlUel' Humphrey, [^] ( Michael,^ ) wd^s born 15 May, 1656, in Windsor, 
Ct.* He married Mary (dau. of Simon and Mary Buel) Mills.f born 8 Dec, 1662, probably in 
Windsor, Ct. 

Lieut. Humphrey became an influential citizen of Simsbury, having removed with his father 
from Windsor, about 1669, to that town, then called "the New Village Massacoe,'' which had 
formerly been "an appendix to the town of Windsor." During the seven years following, he and 
his brother , John, who was six years his senior, doubtless encountered many trials and privations 
at the new settlement. These culminated in its destruction by the Indians in 1676, after the in- 
habitants had fled to Windsor for protection. J 

The next year, the appearance of danger from this source having diminished, many of the 
settlers returned to the "plantation" and among them Michael' Humphrey and his sons, — pioneers 
for the second time, the Indians having destroyed all the houses which had been erected and 
blotted out almost every vestige of the improvements which had been made. Samuel Humphrey 
was now about twentj-one years of age. We do not find much recorded concerning him during 
the next few years, when he was engaged in subduing the wilderness and in assisting to build up 
the little settlement anew. He may indeed be said to nave grown up with the town ; and through 
the discipline which he received in early life was, probably, the better fitted to become, as he 
evidently did become, one of its leading men. 

May 7th, 1682, he was one of the signers of a document presented to the General Court, in 
which it was requested that Rev. Samuel Stow might continue his labors at Simsbury and that a 
church might be there gathered.** May 7th, 1683, he signed an agreement to decide by lot as to 
the location of the meeting-house, whether it should be on the east or west side of Hop River. He 
was a legal voter at that date. The church was erected in 1684. Samuel Humphrey and his wife 
both became members of the First Church, at its organization, and his name is frequently mentioned 
in connection with church matters. 

He was a Justice of the Peace for several years ; ft Representative of Simsbury in the Gen- 
eral Assembly, in 1702, 1719, and 1722-25; was commissioned Lieutenant about It 
is stated that when, in 1711-12, forces were sent into the county of Hampshire, Massachusetts, to 
oppose the movements of hostile Indians who had assembled at that place in considerable force, 
a part of a Company attached to the expedition was raised in the town of Simsbury, of which 
Samuel Humphrey was appointed Lieutenant. His commission, signed by Governor Saltonstall, is 
in the possession of one of his descendants. 

Like his father, he had a talent for aiTairs, and we find him filling many other positions 
of trust and honor between the years 1685 and 1725. The Simsbury Records give the following: 

* Lieut. Samuel Humphrey and his descendants have serial numbers distinct from those of John Humphrey and his descendants, 
beginning with the figure 2. The reference number 6 placed after the name of the former is his number as found in the record of the 
children of Michael Humphrey, page 113. 

t Simon Mills married Mary (dau. of William) Buel, 23 Feb. 1659-60, thirty-nine years after the first settlement of Plymouth : and 
the tradition is that his father came from Yorkshire, England. Their date of marriage is given as 23 Feb. 1649, in Brown's Early Settlers 
0/ West Simsbury. In 1660, Mr. Mills was residmg at Windsor; in i66g, he removed to Weatogue, or East Simsbury. Mary was the 
oldest child of Simon and Mary (Buel) Mills that survived to mature years.— Stiles' Hist. 0/ Ancient Windsor. 

+ Page 107. ** Page no. 

tt Lieut. Samuel Humphrey was made Justice of the Peace in Hartford County, by General .\ssembly, May, 1712, 1714, 1715, and 
I7t6. — Colonial Records 0/ Connecticut^ 1706-1716. 

X% He was commissioned Lieutenant in May, 1710, Idem, p. 145, He bears this title on the Simsbury Records, December 13, 1709. 


Dec. 31, 1685, Samuel Humphrey was chosen collector; June 27, 1687, he signed the agree- 
ment settling "Mr. Edward Tompson" as minister of Simsbury ; June 25, 1688, "Sam' & Michall 
Humphrey, " with many others, signed the deed confirming the mill-lot to the owner of the mills; 
Dec. 13, 1690, he was chosen fence-viewer for the west side of the river. 

In 1693, " Serg' Sam' Vmphri " was on the town list; town rate for that year — " Sam" Hum- 
phries," 13s. 4d. Dec. 17, 1694, he was chosen "select man;" Jan. 21, 1695-6, pound-keeper; 
1696, — town rate for that year, "Sergt. Samuel Humphrey," 0-9-9-1 : in Dudley Woodbridge's (the 
minister's) rate ^1-18-0. — Feb. i, 1696-7, he was chosen "ordinary keeper," also Feb. 2, 1697-8; 
chosen " lyster and fence-viewer" the same day, but declined to qualify. 

June 20, 1697, "Serj. Saml Humphries, Serj. John Humphries & John Humphrie Jr." signed 
an agreement about the minister's wood. Dec. 31, 1697, he was chosen lister; Apr. 4, 1698, was 
chosen Ensign of Simsbury train-band.* July, 1698, — an "Account of those men that wrought 
about fraiming of [Rev.] Mr. Woodbridges Barn:" 5th day, "saml., John & Thomas Humphry;" 
6th day, "John & Thomas Humphry;" 7th day, "Ensign Humphries, John & Thomas Humphris." 
In 1698, the town owed "Samuel Humphries 10 pence for a pint of rum for the men that 
cleared the minister's well." Jan. 26, 1698-9, he was chosen fence-viewer; 1699, "Sam' Huphres" 
was collector of the town rate; Dec. 20, 1699, and Dec. 20, 1703, was chosen selectman; May 
20, 1700, and Dec. 8, 1705, "townsman;" 1701, lister. 

May 6, 1707, he signed an agreement, with many others, to carry on the copper mines, f 
[See Fam. 17, S.^] Dec. 13, 1709, "Lieutenant Samuel Humphries" was fence-viewer for " Samon 
Brook field," and Dec. 18, 1710, " haward " and pound-keeper; 1712-1717, was Justice of the 
Peace. Nov. 7, 171 2, Samuel Humphrey, " Sen. ," signed an agreement about mines. Dec. 15, 
1712, he was chosen tavern-keeper; also. May 18, 1713, Dec. 6, 1714, Dec. 15, 1715, Dec. 18, 
1716, and Dec. 16, 1718. Aug. 23, 1714, "Sam' Humphry, Sen." witnessed a deed; and Jan. 
10, 1714-15, he deeded land as one of a committee. The deed was acknowledged before "Samuel 
Humphris, Justice of Peace," perhaps the one who signed it, as only the other three members of 
the committee acknowledged it.- Oct. 31, 171 5, he was a member of a committee to confirm 
certain grants, — which was done. In October, 171 7, his name was included in the list of freemen. 

Lieut. Humphrey was the owner of various tracts of land obtained by deed of gift from his 
father, by grants from the town, and by purchase. J 

* " Samuel Vmphries " was made Ensign in Simsbury May 12, 1698 : and was a deputy to the General Court from that town May 
14, and in October, 1702. — Colonial Records 0/ Connecticut. 

t These mines attained a good degree ol celebrity, as appears by a public act passed by the Colony in 1709. Some of the companies 
were composed of persons of great wealth and respectability. In 1721, miners from Germany were employed. The work continued to be 
carried on at various periods, until 1773, when the mines were abandoned, for the space of about half a century, for prison occupation. 
[See Fam. 65, S.; also, Fam. 3, J.] In 1830, they were again worked, and, m 1855, a new company was formed. — Phelps' Hist^ 
0/ Nevjgate, pub. i860. 

J Entries in Simsbury town books concerning land given to Samuel Humphrey by his father : — 

Jan. 16, 1683, Michael Humphrey gives to his youngest son Samuel, "a certain Tract of Land on Salmon Brook, given me by the 
town ot Simsbury ; onely tok what Articles sd Toune bound me to, respecting sd land, my son Saml by these presents shall be bound 
unto, as to Fence and Maintain fence, with the rest of the proprietors, with whom the s<l land lyes in common with, which s"! land is my 
first devision & in the lower Meadow, wh is thirty rods in Breadth, and goes from upland to upland being somewhat more than Forty 
rods in Length, and abutts Northerly, on goorg Sanders his land easterly on Nathaniell Holcomb his land, easterly on 

rly on ye comons, the said land being by estimation seven accres & three Rood be it more or less. 

signed 23 Ja 

John Slater 1 

Mary Mils 1 ^'««ses." 
Deed dated Nov. 3, 1684. 

Nov. 22, 1684.— "Be it known unto all men by these Presents yl. I Michall Humphries of simsbury in the county of Hartford in 
y<i collony of Conecticutt in New england for good consideration me thereunto mouveing have don & by these Presents do give grant 
Bargain & sell, unto My sonn Samuell Humphries of simsbury in y» county of Hartford aforesaid a certain parcel! of Swamp L.and w'l is 
a part of my house Lott. and adjoyning to my sd House Lott, Being in Length sixteen Rods, and in Breadth thirteen Rods, & by estim- 
ation one accre, one Rood, and eight Rods, be yt more or less, as it lyes Bounded north by the House Lott of the sJ Michael Humphries 
westerly by the land of the widow Mary Mills; easterly & southerly by land of John Moses; to him his Htyrs & executors, administra- 
tors and assigns, for ever to have hold possess & injoy. with all the Benefits & priviledges. of the said parcell of Land within ye Bounds 


Mrs. Humphrey died 4 April, 
of her death is recorded. 

1730, se. 68 years, — probably at Simsbury, where the date 

specified m these presents, and do give hi 
from by or under me or by my privity or 
to him his heyrs and assigns for ever, as i 
six hundred Eighty Foure 
Signed and delivered i 

his H eyres & : 
onsent. and givi 

signs full clear and peaceable possession without any Molestation or Trouble 
my son Samuel tul power to record these presents in the booke of records 

my hand, the Tweenty ; 

presence of 




Grants of land to Samuel Humphrey from the town of Simsbury ; 

May 7, 1683. — In town meeting, several persons, among whom wa: 
to haue two accres a pice for a House lot and ech of them 4 accres 
nd beiween the minister's lot and ye Sprus Swamp, and they that do not build 
1 them by this next Miclmus com iwelue month, such their alottments shall reti 

:ar. of our lord god one Thousand 


)nally appeared and acknowledges 
is free act and deede the Twenty 

John Wadsworth Assistant." 

"Samuel Humphries," had grants at Salmon Brook. They were 
apice for a pasture lot : this sad alotment to be taken upon the 

ettle there on there sd alotments by their Hueing 

the Towne." 

nd of Nouembe 

Michall Humphr 
this Instrument 
eight of Nouveml 

of Simsbury febb'y 26, 1685, giuen to Tho 

riihn the House lott and pasture lott . 


' had an additio 
nphries ' had a 
'"Sam' Humphri 

had ; 

grant of land "under the Wes 
granted to his house lot. 
rant of ten acres each, "northerly of 5am' Humphries former grant under the 
grant of 18 or ig acres on East mountain, adjoining his former grant 

West River. Land given to "Ensign Samuel Humphrey" 
t side of Cherry brook on the mountain." 

i up the side of the Hill at Wetoug lying north- 
North abuts on John Mosis his lot in part and 
IS a way alowed in to John Mosis his land at 
1st on Joseph phelps his Lot. the North end six- 
Mach 20, 1696-7 he is not to prejudice 

"At a towne metteing ot the Inhabitant; 
samon Brooke that was sam' Humphries." 

Dec. 17, 1684, "John & Samuel Humphri 

Dec. 24, 1686, "Samll Humphries 

Nov. 14, 1687, "John & Saml Hu 
West mountains." On the same date, 
by the pond.'' 

May 21, 16S8, ' Samuel Humphris" had a grant ot 40 acres of la 
by the town. May 21. 16S8, was laid out March 10, 1706-7, — 40 acres, 01 

Feb. 1. 1696-7, Samuel Humphrey had a grant of "one parcell of land being ; 
wards of the path and southward of the brok that comes down the hill by the Houses, 
IS in breadth 28 rods and is bounded the not on but .igainst Hils lot & house lot there : 
lower end and North & y--' sii S. H. his Lott, s'J lot Buts South by ye highway, abutts ea 
teen rod or next to Phelp sixteen rod, & is the westerly lot. & Layd out Pr John Slater 1 
the highway 

Januay 22. 1700-1. copyed." 

(131,) A "parcell of land scituated up the Mountain against Weatoug houses," in addition to his former grant "which comes 
from the pond up the Mountain : the said parcell of land is from the easterly ledge to ye westerly ledge in breadth 31 rodds. the length 
IS Ninety five Rodds. the breadth at southerly end is Thirty one rodds from ledg to ledg : on the southeasterly corner upon the ledge 
ol roks against y^' fence markt a chesnut tree Northerly syd and westerly side with S H — and on the southwest corner markt a witch 
hazell on the ledge of ye steep mountain with S H — the sayJ Kind is by estimation eighteen accres one Rood and twenty perches be it 
more or less, abuts North on his own land ejist the top of y-' ledge ol the Rokes is his bounds west the tope of the ledg of roks is his 
bounds south abutts on ye commons. 

coppyed out y*^ above written." 

Marsh at West Mountains :— 

''There is one parcel of Marsh land lyeing on the Midle Branch of Hopp Brook neer the west Mountaines. Belonging to Sami His 
Heyres and assigns for Ever : said parcel of boggy Marshland Lyes Northward of his former grant and adjacent to it and is in estimation 
an eleven Accres and on Rood be more or lesse. the length is sixty rods, the breadth is thirty rodds in the maine began to Measure at 
his former lyne t which was set for his former grant a tot' distant from a litl whit ock and measure on an east southeast Lyne & after- 
ward thirty rods on west syd of sd Marsh Marked a pin tree and a whit ocke at the North end of sd parcel of Marsh on ye upland 
mark' a pine tree from which tree he is to runne east south east cross s»' Marsh to ye upland or so far o 
end of said marsh thirty rodds in Breadth ye said parcel of Marsh is bounded on the south by his othe 
west by the commons. coppyJ " 

(132) May 9, 1690. — Land bought by Samuel Humphrey of John Clarke : — 

"A certain piece or parcell of Land being and Lyeing in a Meadow commonly called Long Meadow in ' 
of Simsbury afores'i it being by estimation eleven Accres more or lesse as it is butted and bounded it being i 
therly and Southerly and in Length easterly and Westerly about Forty five rodds Running up to John Mon 
commonly called pallmor's holle, as it is bounded southerly by Land granted to Simon Mills 
erly by land of John Moores to a pin tree at the Northwest corner easterly on the Marsh Horseshoo 
of land about three rodds running Northerly up to John Case Senr his Land in abovesJ Meadow being 
eight rodds all which pieces and parcells of Land," &c. 
May 9, 1690, date of deed. 
Ed. Pierce & John Fuller )■ witnesses before 

the upland as to mak that 
land there North east and 

; bounds of the Township 
breadth forty rodds Nor- 
Lyne in a piece of Land 
1 Land West- 

ed Northerly by my 

looe Swamp Alsi 

length fourteen 


March 4, 1699-1700, "Samuel Humphries," of Simsbury, bought of John Clarke part of his housi 
lived by the side of said land. 

November 17, 1702, "Ensign Samuel Humphries received a deed from James Cornish. 

April 3, 1719, "Lieut. Samuel Humphri" and Simon Mills made an agreement about the divisio 

"Samuel Humphries' of Simsbury sold to his brother John land which belonged to their fathe 

for Simsbury. 
■ Weatoauge." He already 

line of their home-lots. 
west side of Mill Swamp : 

also his house lott : But now Since Our honord tathe 
the father's property, "March 19, 1695-6." 

Death hath fallen 

Our hands and Posse 


Lieut. Humphrey died in Simsbury, 15 June, 1736, se. 80 years.* His will was dated 22 
July, 1734. He gives his daughter Mary, ;^39.5.8; Elizabeth, /33.6.8 ; Abigail, ;^24.6.8 ; "the 
goods that he has given the three daughters, since the death of his well-beloved wife Mary, are to 
be applied on their pordons ; " mentions sons Samuel, Jonathan, Charles and Noah. Michael Hum- 
phrey was one of the witnesses to his will [Fam. 10 (121), J.=], which was exhibited and proved 
6 July, 1736, Jonathan Humphrey and Mary Case being the executors. {Hartford Probate Records, 
xii., 48 : xiii., 24, 25.) 
ChUdreti : f 

3. I. INIary, 3 b. 16 Nov., 1681 : was married in Simsbury, by Rev. Dudley Woodbridge, 7 

Dec, 1699, ( Simshwy Records, "Red Book,"|) to Bartholomew (5th son of John and 
Sarah Spencer) Case,** of S. , b. October, 1670, They resided at Weatogue, in Sims- 
bury, on the paternal homestead. He died 2=- Oct., 1725, ae. 55 years. Children: 

4. . i. Mary,' b. 1701; d. 23 Apr. 1701. 

5. ii. Dea. Thomas,-' b. 28 June, 1702; d. 3 Sept. 1770; m. 4 Oct. 1727, Elizabeth Woodford; 

and res. at Weatogue in Simsbury, on tlie paternal homestead. Cliildren : (i) Thomas,"' 
b. 4 Oct. 172S; d. 20 Feb. 1736-7; (2) Elizabeth,' b. I Oct. 1730; m. Abel Pettibone; 
(3) Mary,"' b. 5 Aug. 1732; d. 29 July, 1817; m. (i) 11 Apr. 1751, Dea. Hosea"' Case, 
b. 23 Mch. 1731; d. 7 May, 1793; son of Dea. Joseph and Hannah* (Humphrey) Case. 
[Fam. 3 (36J, J.=] .She m. (2), as 2d wife, Lieut. Richard (son of Sergt. Richard and 
Mercy Holcomb) Case, b. 7 June, 1734; d. 7 Apr. 1805. His ist wife was Ruth,' 
(dau. of Amos^) Case. [See (8).] (4) Roger," b. 3 Aug. 1734; m. 10 Aug. 1760, 
Mindwell (dau. of Ephraim, Jr., and Mercy Barber) Buel, b. 1741; d. 1804. Cliildren: 

(a) Ephraim B.""', b. 8 Nov. 1761; m. (e) Dorothy," b. 4 Mch. 1770. 

Athildred (dau. of Eli and Athildred (f) Roger,' b. 7 Apr. 1772. 
Curtis) Case, b. 1766; il. 1804. (g) Asenath," b. 25 July, 1777. 

(bj Mercy," b. 30 Nov. 1763. (h) Sarah," b. 11 Oct. 1780. 

(c) Mindwell," b. 31 Dec. 1766. (i) Lois,^ b. 20 Oct. 1786. 

(d) Eunice,'' b. 15 Nov. 1768. 

July 8, 1719, "Samuel Humphris Sen.", of Simsbury, deeds lard lo Elias Slater. The deed was acknowledged before "me Sarall 
Humphris Johns son Justice a peace" [Fam. 6, J.], witnessed by "Sam" Humphris," and recorded by "John Humphris," Town Clerk, 
[Fam. 3, J.] 

Dec. I, 1725, he deeds land to his son Noah, and, g Aug. 1728, "the home lot." Dec. 6, 1725, and Nov. 20, 1727, he deeds land 
to his son Charles; May 27, 1729, to son Jonathan — Noah and Charles being witnesses; April 7, 1735, to sons Samuel, Jonathan. 
Charles and Noah. 

* Simsbury Records. 

.t Dates of birth of the children of Lieut. Samuel Humphrey, as recorded in the "Red Book" at Simsbury. 

Mary Humphries, the first Daughter of Samuell Humphries which Mary his w if bare to him who was the d.aughter of Simon Mills 
was Borne the sixteenth of nouember Anno Dom. one Thousand six hundred eighty one. 

Elizabeth Humphries the second Daughter of Samuell Humphries Borne 22d of Aprill 1684. 

Samuell Humphries the son of Saml Humphries Borne May seventeenth one thousand six hundred and eighty six. 

Jonathan Humphries, ye second son of Sami Humphris was born december y: second 1688. 

Hannah Humphris, the daughter of Sam'l Humphries was Borne the sixth of Apriell 1697. 

t Mary Humphries the Daughter of Ensign Sam' Humphries was married in simsbury ["by Rev. Dudley Woodbndge," " Red 
Book," ace. to Dr. H. R. Stiles] the seuenth of December 1699 to Bartholomew Case the son of John Case of Simsbury. 

Thomas Case the son of Bartholomew Case was borne the Twenty eight day of June 1702. 

Mary Case the daughter of Bartholomew Case born ye eighth of nouember 1704. 

** John Case married, about 1657, Sarah (dau. of William and Agnes) Spencer, of Hartford, Ct. She was a sister of Samuel 
Spencer, whose daughter Agnes became the wife of Nathaniel Humphrey, [Fam. 5, J.] They removed from Windsor to Mass'acoe Sims- 
bury), in the spring of 1669, and settled in Weatogue. Mrs. Case died 3 Nov. 1691, aged 55 years. He married (2) Elizabeth, widow of 
Nathaniel Loomis, of Windsor. 

He was appointed constable for Mass.coe, by the General Court, 14 Oct. 1669, being the first person that ever held office at that 
place. He represented his town at the General Court, in 1670, and several times subsequently. He died at Simsbury, 21 Feb. 1703-4. 
His widow died at Windsor, 23 July, 1728, aged 90 years. 

These records of the Case family are copied from Goodwin's Genealogical Notes, pp. 275, 290-294, and Brown's Hist. 0/ the Early 
Settlers 0/ West Shnsbury, pub. 1856. 

24 7 

(5) Lydia,' b. 7 Mch. 1735-6; m. Solomon Buel ; (6) Thomas,'' b. 21 Jan. 1740; d. 
27 Mch. 1773; m. Esther (dau. of Josiah and Esther Higley) Case, b. 16 May, 1745; 
d. 1791; (7) Capt. Bartholomew,' b. 20 June, 1746; d. 16 Jan. (or June) 1808; m. (i) 
abt. 1771, Ruth"(dau. of John, Esq., and Esther^ Humphrey) Owen, b. 16 Oct. 1752; 
d. 14 May, 1782 [Fam. 4, S.=] ; m. (2) Mary ■■ Humphrey, b. 4 Jan. 1753; d. 19 May, 
1818. [For children by 2d marriage see Fam. 13 (169), J.=] Res. at Weatogue in 
Simsbnrw on the paternal homestead. Children (by 1st marriage): 

(a) Bartholomew,^ b. 27 Oct. 1772; (c) Ruth," b. 10 May, 1778: d. 15 Mch. 

d. 10 June, 1833; m. Rachel Phelps. 
(b) Philander,' b. 7 Nov. 1774; d. 18 
Nov. 1815; m. Caroline' Humphrey. 
[Fam. 34 (423), J.-] 

i838;m. Asaph Tuller, Esq., of Sims'y. 
(d) Grandison," b. 6 Feb. 17S1; m. (ij 
Dorcas ■ Humphrey [Fam. 34 (435), J.=] ; 
m. (2) Salome Marks. He died at 
Girard, Pa. 
(8) Eunice, ■■ b. 29 Feb. 1747-8; d. 8 Jan. 1832; m. Elias Vitling; (9) Susannah,' b. 
16 June, 1750; (10) Sarah,"' m. Haskell BaCOn. 
Mary,-" b. 8 Nov. 1704. 

Elizabeth,^ b. before 1710; d. 12 July, 1742. 

Amos,^ b. 1712; d. 24 May, 1798, a;. 86; m. 15 Aug. 1739, Mary Holcomb, b. 1714; d. 
27 Tan. 1802, re. 88. Removed to Chestnut Hill, West Simsbury, about 1740. Children : 
(I) Mary,^ b. 6 Mch. 1740; d. 1834, ee. 94; m. Simeon (son ot Sergt. Richard, 2d, and 
Mercy Holcomb) CaSe, b. 4 July, 1739; d. 19 Oct. 1823. Res. West Granby. Children: 

(a) Simeon,« b. 1756; d. 1819, a;. 63; (f) Mary,' b. 1771; d. 1821, .t. 50. 

m. Phebe Burr. (g) Alexander,' b. 1774; cl. 1S24, se. 

(b) Ashbel,' h. 1762; d. 1816, s. 54; 

m. Polly Frazier. 

(c) Titus,' b. 1764; d. 1816, se. 52; 
m. Amy Reed. 

(d) Obed,' b. 1765; d. 1849, k. 84; 
m. Rachel Emmons. 

(e) Eliphalet,' b. 1770; d. 1847, s. 77; 
m. Rachel Case, who d. in 1813, ae. 46. 

(2) Ruth,° b. 26 Apr. 1742; d. 29 Feb. 1794; 

50; m. Mindwell Case, who d. in 1830, 

*. 51. 
^h) Francis,' b. 1777; d. 1845, a;. 68; 

m. Jemima Case. 
(i) Robert,' b. 1780; d. 1861, s. 81; 

m. Clarissa Case. 
(j) Peter.' 

(k) Elizabeth,' m. Reuben RuSSell. 
m. about 1756, Lieut. Richard (son of 

Sergt. Richard and Mercy Holcomb) CaSe, b. 7 June, 1734; d. 7 Apr. 1805, «. 71. 
Res. West Granby. His 2d wife was Mary ' (dau. ol Dea. Thomas ^) Case. [See (5).] 
Children (by ist marriage) : 

(a) Richard,' b. 1757 ; m. Jemima 

(b) Ruth,' b. 1759; d. 1854, se. 95; m. 
Moses (son of Ichabod and Sarah 
Holcomb) Miller, b. 1760. Rem. 
from W. Simsbury to Hudson, Ohio. 

(c) George,' m. Lucy Hayes. 

(d) Jemima,' m. Oliver Case. 

(e) Japhet,' b. 1766; d. 1S09, k. 43; 
m. Chloe Thrall. 

(f) Starling,' m. Isabel Wilcox 

(g) Apphia,' b. 1772; d. 1796, .\-. 24. 
(h) Huldah,' b. 1774; d. 1794, «. 20. 
(i) Chauncey,' b. 1777; d. 1S60, oe. 83; 

m. Cleopatra Hayes. 
(jj Gideon,' b. 1779; d. 1849, a>. 70; m. 

Temperance Miner. 
(k) Cyrus,' b. 1781; m. Abigail Couch. 
(I) Olive,' b. 1783; d. 1863, se. 80; m. 

Noah Case, 3d. 

(m) Freeman,' b. 1789; d. 1865, :e. 76; 
m. Sybil Bliss, who died in 1866, re. 72. 

(3) Huldah,"' b. 18 Mch. 1744; d. 5 Sept. 1774; (4) Amos,"' b. 8 Feb. 1746; d. 29 Mch. 
1798; m. Betsey (dau. of Simeon, or Gamaliel) Ward, b. 1740; d. 1825, re. 85; {5) Abel,-' 


b. 13 Jan. 1748; d. 29 Apr. 1834; m. (i) 8 July, 1777, Huldah Higley, b. i Feb. 1750; 
d. 12 Aug. 1840; m. (2) Lucy Perry. Res. Chestnut Hill, on the paternal homestead. 
Children (by tst marriage): 

(a) Huldah," b. 19 Aug. 1778; d. 

1867; ni. jabez Hamblin. 

(h) Abel," 1). 12 Apr. 1783; d. 29 Sept. 

1831; m. Rachel" Humphrey. [Fam. 

68, S.=] 
(c) Dinah," b. I Apr. 1786; d. 3 Sept. 

(6) Silas,'' b. 29 Dec. 1749; d. 
died 5 May, 1777; m. (2) Sept., 

20 jime. 

184S; m. Ira" (son of Silas"') CaS6> 
[See below.] 

(d) Tirzah," b. 4 Sept. 1788; m. Dosa,'* 
(son of') Case, b. 7 Mch. 1788. 
[See Fam. 3 (36), J.=] 

(e) Carmi," b. 20 July, 1793; d. 8 July, 

); m. (I) abt. 1776, Jane Kelley,f who 

1780, Mary' (da 

Case, b. 2 Jan. 1755; died 15 Oct. 1833. 

Ct. Children (by 1st marriage) : 

(a) Kelley," b. 10 Apr. 1777; m. (i) 
Roxy Hoskins; m. (2) Mehetable Steele. 
(By 2d marriage): — (b) Polly," b. 12 Jan. or 20 June, 1781; 
d. 9 May, 1850; m. 1799, Giles (son 
of Eli and Athildred Ciu-tis) Case, 
b. 23 Aug. 1776; d. 22 May, 1852. Re . 
on Chestnut Hill, W. Simsbury. Chil 
dren: (l) Betsey,' h. 22 Jan. 1800; d. 
Oct. 1805; (2) Mary,' b. 20 Apr. 1802; 
m. John Curtis ; (3) Achsah,' b. 15 
Apr. 1804; d. 12 Mch. 1823; (4) Ell,' 
b. 25 Jan. 1806; m. Rosanna" Bandell, 
dau. of John George and Sarah-"' (Bar- 
ber)Bandell, and gr. dau. of Dr. Samuel 
and Hannah'' (Humphrey) Barber. 
[Fam. 6, S.-]; (5) Belsey,-< b. 1806; 
(6) Electa,'^ b. Nov. 1810; m. Norton 
Case ; (7) Pliny,' h. 20 Jan. 1813; m. 
Susan Terry; (8) Anios,' b. Sept. 1816; 
m. Nancy Alderman; (9) Eveline,' b. 
2g Feb. 1820; m. Amos Hosford. 
(e) Ira,"b. 7 Dec. 1782; d. 17 Sept. 1848; 
m. (I) Mary" Humphrey [Fam. 68, 
S.-] ; m. (2) Dinah" (dau. of .Abel-"' and 
Huldah Higley) Case. [See above.] 

(d) Silas,"b. 24reb.i785;d. 13 Oct. 1816. 

(e) Levi," b. 8 Aug. 1787; m. Keturah " 
Bandell,sisterof Rosa)ina."[Fam.6, S.=] 

[ Fam . 

of Capt. John ' and Sarah Barber) 
2 (17), S.-] Res. West Simsbury, 

(f) Ruggles," b. 28 Sept. 1789; m. Cyn- 
thia (dau. of Capt. Uriah and Eunice 
Dill) Case, b. 9 May, 1793. 

(g) Jane," b. 12 Jan. 1792; m. 27 Nov. 
iSii, Holcomb (son of Capt. Uriah and 
i;unice Dill) CaSe, b. 27 Dec. 1784- 
d. 26 Apr. 1854. Children: (l) John,' 
b. 20 Aug. 1813; m. Tirzah Hosford: 
(2) Lorinda,'' b. 3 Apr. 1816; d. 1859, 
re. 43; m. Harvey (son of Jonathan 
and Abi Merrell) Barber, b. 1814; 
d. 1859, X. 45; (3) Zilpah,-' b. 14 

Apr. 1S19; m. Nelson L. Barber; 

(4) Jane,'' b. 3 Apr. 1S22; m. Cyrus 

\v. Harvey; (5) Syivia,' b. 9 Aug. 

1825; m. Irving CaSe ; (6) Uriah,' 
b. 17 Mch. 1828; m. Adeline M. 
Johnson; (7) Susannah,' b. 28 Aug. 
1834; d. 8 Dec. 1839. 

(h) Lucy," b. 9 Mch. 1794; m. Ever- 
est" {son of Dea. Jesse ^ and Sarah 
Cornish) CaSe, b. 19 Dec. 1796; d. 
1866, £e. 70. [Fam. 6, S.-] 

(i) Gad," b. 5 May, 1796; m. Tirzah 

(;) Ruth," b. 18 Jan. 1799; m. Case 


* Sadoce, ace. to Early Settlers of West Simsbury. t We find on the CuilJ\,r,l Records (Conn.) the following :—" Jane Kelley wa- 
bom 29 Sept. 1757. dau. of Reuben Kelley and Mary his wife. Samuel Leete and Mary Kelley (widow), both of Guilford, were joined ir 
marriage by Mr. Jonathan Todd, minister, 23 July, 1761. Lucy Leete, dau. of Samuel and Mary Leete, was born 7 Jan. 1763." 

In Early Settlers 0/ West Simslmry we find the statement that "Samuel Leete was a native of Guilford, a descendant of Gov. Wm 
Leete ; he married Miss Kelley, of Guilford. They had four children bopi in Guilford ; their names were Jane, who subsequently be 
came the wile of Silas Case, of Canton ; she died .\. D., 1777, leaving an infant son, Kelley, who is yet livin — ' " ■ ■ ■ 

1766, who married Sarah Case (See Fam. 6, S. ]; Amos, born 1769, who married Cosmilly (dau. of Di 
Humphrey) Mills [Fam. 7, S.]: Lucy, who died in 1793. Mr. Leete, for second wife, married Elizabeth, daught- 
died in 1825, aged 85. He died in 1799, his last years being spent in Canton, Ct., to which place they had removed. 

It appears from the Guilford Records that there are some errors in this account. Samuel Leete married ividcrw Mary Kelley : and 
the daughter ot Reuben and said Mary Kelley was the wife of Silas Case, viz., Jane Kelley, as given in Goodwin's Genealogical Notes^ 
and also in Early Settlers of West Simsbury, in connection with records of the Case family. 

(1856;. Samuel, Jr., bom 
Benjamin and Hannah 
of Thomas Barber;" she 


(7) Lucy,= b. 22 Feb. 1752; d. 10 May, 1837, x. 85; in. (i) Ruyglo ■ Humphrey 
[Fam. 10, S.=]; m. (,2) Solomon Buel ; (8) Pliny,' b. 2 Nov. 1754; d. 25 j.ui. 17S0: 
in. Rhoda Merrill. She m. (2) Caleb Case. [See (11).] (9) Rhoda,^ b. 20 .Vpr. 1757; 
d. 12 June, 1786; m. Hosea' (son of Dea. Hosea^ and Mary-' Case) Case, b. 6 Oct. 
1756; d. II Oct. 1834. [Fam. 3 (36), J. =] C/ii/J: 

(a) Rhoda,« b. 1780; d. 1847, ce. 67; m. Hon. Loin'^ Humphrey, >uii of Dea. 
Theophilus' Humphrey, [Fam. 28, S.-] 
(10) Seth,'' b. 3 June, 1760; d. 3 Sept. 1776; was in the army, as were also nis brothers 
Abel'' and Silas."' 
9. vi. Sarah,* b. 1715; m. Joseph Higley. 

10. vii. Isaac,' b. 23 Oct. 1717; d. 3 Jan. 1796; m. 19 Mch. 1740-1, Bathshelia ' Humphrey. [For 

descendants see Fam. 6 (73), J.'-] 

11. viii. Dea. Abraham,'' b. 20 Aug. 1720; d. 13 Mch. 1800; m. 6 May. 1740, Rachel (dau. of 

Capt. James and Esther Fithen) Case, b 14 Aug. 1722; d. 1789; m. (2j in 1790, Anna"' 
(widow of Joseph Webster, and dau. of Dea. Joseph and Hannah ' Humphrey) Case, 
b. 28 Jan. 1728. [Fam. 3 (34), J.'-] Removed from Weatogue to Chestnut Hill, in 
West Simsbury, about 1740. Children: (i) Rachel,"' b. 6 Jan. 1741; d. 6 Apr. 1759; 
(2) Abraham,"' b. 18 Mch. 1743; d. 10 Apr. 1776; 111. Sarah' (dau. oi Oliver*) Humphrey. 
[Fam. 18, S.-] (3) Rosanna,"' b. 8 May, 1745; d. 15 Jan. 1S07; m. Ezra "' (son of Ezra 
and Mary* Humphrey) WilCOX. [Fam. 3, S.-] (4) Capt. Elisha,"' b. 1747; d. 19 May, 
1808, se. 61; m. (I) Judith ■ (dau. of Jeremiah and Judith ' Humphrey) Case, b. 13 May, 
1749; d. I Sept. 1805. [Fam. 5, S.-] He m. (2) Elizalicth Case. Tliis may have been 
Elizabeth' (Humphrey) Case, [Fam. 9, S.-] (5} Sarah,"' b. 1752; d. 26 Feb. 1781, s. 
29; m. Caleb (son of Capt. Zaccheus and Abigail Barber) CaSe, b. 1754. He m. 

(2) Rhoda (widow of Pliny"' Case and dau. of ) Merrill. [See (8).] He removed 

to Whiteslown, N. V., in 1792, with his parents, who had lesided in West Simsbury. 
(6) Eunice,"' b. 1753; m. (i) Moses (son of Sergt. Daniel and Mary Watson) Case, 
b. 27 Mch. 1754; d. 1782, a;. 28; m. (2) Ebenezer CowleS ; (7) Hannah,'^ b. 1755; 
d. 28 May, 1808, .v. 53; m. Charles-' Humphrey. [Fam. 68, S.'-] (8) Elizabeth,-'^ 
b. 1757; d. 1836, «. 79". m. Capt. GUes"^ Humphrey. [Fam. 35, S.'-^] (9) Phebe,^ 
b. 1759; d. 1798, a. 39; m. Jeremiah" Gr'lSWOld. They settled in Canton, Ct.— The 
Griswold line of ancestry is as follows : (Sannw/,'' Esq. Samtce/,' Thomas,^ dorge,- 
Edward.^ *) 

12. ix. Abigail,* b. 1721. 

13. II. Elizabeth. 3 b. 22 Apr., 16S4 ; m. 4 July, i-jo'^ {Hartford Raords >, ]o\\'a Collyer, Jr., 

of Hartford, Ct.t Children: 
13. a i. John.* 

[Four daughters whose names have not been ascertained.] 

14. III. Samuel,3 b. 17 May, 1686: J d. 16 Oct., 1759, *• 73: ™- (0 Hannah Phelps; 

m. (2) ^lary Tuller ; m. (3) Lydia North; m. (4) Wary Orton. Family 3. 

15. IV. JoN.\THAN,3 b. 2 Dec, 1688;** d. 14 June, 1749, ae. 61; m. JNIercy Ruggles. 

Fa JULY 4. 

' Stiles' Hist. 0/ Ancient \\'indsm\ p. 6itQ. 

1 "John Collier the son of good"' [Goodman] Collier of Hartford m. July 5. 1705, Elizabeth Humphries dau. of Ensign Samuel 
Humphries of Simsbury."— 5;j«j^,o' Records. Their children here given are mentioned by Judge H. H. Barbour in his work entitled 
My Wife and My Mother, Genealogy, p. 48. 

,- 20 May, 1686, ace. to Judge H. H. Barbour; 7 May. Shiirtlrjf Records : 17 May. Simsbury Records. 

•* November, Shurtkff Records : 2 Dec. 1688, ace. to Judge H. H. Barbour and Simsbury Records. 


V. Abigail, 3 m. 24 Jan., 171 6-1 7, John (son of John and Sarah Holcomb) Case,* b. 22 
Au^., 1694; d. 2 Dec, 1752. He was- brother of Hannah Case who m. Capt. 
Noah* Humphrey, [Fam. 6, S.=] They resided in Simsbury, Ct. Children: 

i. Capt. John,* b. ig Feb. 1718-19; d. 24 May, 1776; m. 7 Nov. 1745, Sarah (dau. of Samuel 
and Mercy Holcomb) Barber, b. 1 Apr. 1722; d. 19 Dec. 1805, je. 83. They resided 
in Simsbury, Ct. Children: (i) John,' b. 10 Oct. 1746; d. 16 Nov. 1776; m. Chloe-' 
(dau. of John and Esther * Humphrey) Owen [Fam. 4, S.=] ; (2) Giles, ■• b. 20 Feb. 
1747-8; d. 15 Feb. 1754; (3) Seth,'' b. 29 Sept. 1749; d. 1820; m. Eunice Tuller; (4) 
Sarah,'' b. 27 July, 1751; d. 20 Aug. 1827; m. Dea. Elisha Comish, Jr. [See Fams. 
5 and 6, S.=] (5) A?a,= b. 11 Jan. 1753; d. 21 Mch. 1830; m. Sarah Robe; (6) Mary,^ 
b. 2 Jan. 1755; d. 15 Oct. 1833; m. (I) Silas^ (son of Amos'" and Mary Holcomb) 
Case, b. 29 Dec. 1749; d. 20 June, 1809. [For children see Fam. 2 (8), S.'] She 
m. (2) as 3d wife, 27 Dec. 1815, Capt. Uriah (son of Richard and Mercy Holcomb) 
Case, b. 16 Jan. 1744; d. 23 Dec. 1826. (7) Giles, •■ b. 24 May, 1757; m. Boreas'^ 
(dau. of Benajah-") Humphrey, [Fam. 18 (226), J.-] (8) George,'' b. 4 Mch. 1759; m. 
Electa Moore; (9) Levi,= (twin) b. 14 Dec. 1760; d. 23 Apr. 1802; m. Polly" 
(dau. of Hon. Daniel =) Humphrey, [Fam. 22 (272), J.=] (10) Judah,= (twin) b. 14 
Dec. 1760; d. 1821; m. Ruth Higley; (n) Abigail, ^^ b. 8 Nov. 1763; d. 25 Mch. 1844; 
m. Asa HoskinS, of Simsbury, Ct. 
;i. Noah,' b. 4 Oct. 1720; d. 17 Dec. 1797; m. 5 May, 1740, Miriam Holcomb, b. 18 Jan. 
1719-20; d. 28 Apr. 1795. They resided in the extreme south-west part of what is 
now Granby. Children: (I) Noah,"' b. 10 Jan. 1740-41; d. I Sept. 1807; m. Mary 
(dau. of Lieut. David and Mindwell Case) Adams, b. 1742; d. 1791, a:. 49. [See foot- 
note to Fam. 42, S.-] (2) Amy,'' b. I Nov. 1744; m. Titus Reed; (3) Miriam,'' b. 
7 Sept. 1746; d. 23 Aug. 1750; (4) Roger,'' b. 7 Aug. 1748; (5) Abner,'' b. 14 Aug. 
1752; d. 6 Oct. 1807; m. Hannah (dau. of Elijah and Hannah Wilson) Case, b. 14 
Mch. 1752; (6) Ruth,'' 1). 10 June, 1754; (7) Darius,^ b. 7 Mch. 1756; d. 19 Dec. 1801; 
m. Mary Giddings; (8) Lydia,'' m. (as 2d wife) James (son of Capt. Josiah and Esther 
Higley) Case, b. 2 Apr. 1744; d. 7 Jan. 1822. His sistef Esther Case m. Carmi ' 
Higley, [Fam. 4, S.=] 

in. Capt. Charles,^ b. i July, 1723; d. 17 Oct. 1808; m. Phebe . . Res. in Simsbury, Ct. 

Children: (i) Charles,'' b. 15 Aug. 1748; d. I Oct. 1750; (2) Phebe,' b. 24 Oct. 1751; 

TO. (I) GrisWOld ; m. (2) John G. Terry [See Fam. 18 (218), J.2]; (3) Charles,' 

b. 19 July, 1754; (4) ChloQ,^' b. 19 July, 1756; (5) Shubael,'' b. 25 Feb. 1759; d. i Feb. 
1761; (6) Shubael,-" b. 20 July, 1763; (7) Rosbick,= b. 19 Jan. 1769. 
iv. Abigail,^ b. 10 Sept. 1725; d. 28 Aug. 1779; m. Jonathan Case, Jr. This may have 
been Jonathan (son of Capt. Jonathan and Mary Beman) Case, b. 24 Nov. 1723, whose 
sister Margaret m. Joseph'' Humphrey. [Fam. 14, J.- and Earn. 5, S.'] 
v. Mary,* b. 29 Dec. 1727. 

vi. Lucy,' b. 17 Oct. 1732; d. 1805, £e. 73; m. Lieut. William (son of Dea. William) WilcOX, 
b. 1727; d. 1775, £e. 48. They removed to West Simsbury, Ct., about 1750; had 
thirteen children, of whom three died early; — (i) Lucy^ (Wilcox), b. 1754; d. 17 June, 
1779; m. about 1770, Moses (son of Jacob and Abigail Barber) Case, Esq., b. 8 Sept. 
1746; d. 18 Dec. 1794. Children: 

'- Compiled from Goodwin's Gen. Notes, pp. 277-279 ; and Hist, of the Early Settlers of West Simslmry. 

(c) Moses" (Case), L.. II May, i776;-d. i6 
Oct. 1848; m. Maria" (dau. of Capt. 
Fithin and Amaryllis ° Humphrey) 
Case, b. 28 May, 1781. [Fam. 21, S.^] 

(d) Martha" (Case), b. abt. 1778; m. 
Walter Robe. 

(aj Lucy" (Case), b. 1772; d. 17 Aug. 
1826; m. Rufus (son of Sylvanus'*) 

Humphrey, [Fam. 21, s.^] 

(b) Roxana" (Case), b. abt. 1774; m. (i) 
Israel (^on of Daniel and Lois Phelps) 

Graham, b. 1767; d. 1813, za. 46; m. 


(2) Capt. Charles = (Wilcox), m. (I) 1771, Thankful (dau. of Dea. Joseph and Hannah 
Adams) Mills, b. 1750; d. 1776. She was sister of Dea. Benjamin Mills, who married 
Hannah- Humphrey, [Fam. 7, S.=] He m. (2) Abigail (dau. of Capt. Zaccheus and 
Abigail Barber) Case, b. 1759. CliilJrcn (by 1st marriage): 

(a) Philemon" (Wilcox), li. 1772. ] These three, with their mother, all died between the 

(b) Charles" (Wilcox), b. 1774. j- ^, 

(c) Billy" (Wilcox), b. 1775. J and 
Children (by 2d marriage:— perhaps four otiursj 

(d) Abigail" (Wilcox). ] 

(e) Thanks" (Wilcox). [ Sept. 27th, 1787, Achsah, ac. 3 years, and Philemon, 

(f) Achsah" (Wilcox). 

(g) Philemon " (Wilcox) 

(3) Col. William" (Wilcox), b. 1756 cr '58; d. 1827; m. (i) 22 Dec. 1779, >rercy (dau. 
of Capt. Zaccheus and Abigail Barber) Case, b. 1761; d. 19 Sept. 1809, a-. 48; m. (2) 

.'^inia (dau. of ) Edgerton, and widow of Lieut. Daniel Moses. She was born in 

1775; d. 1846, X. 71. Res. W. Simsbury, Ct. Children: 

St and the 12th of Septembe 
dysentery, then prevalent in 

27th, 1787, Achsah, ae. 3 
10 months, died of croup 
each other, and were buried 

(a) Mercy" (Wilcox), b. 1780; d. 1806, 
X. 26. 

(b) William" (Wilcox), b. 1782; d. 1861, 
X. 79; m. (I) Roxy" (Case) McFarlaiul, 
dau. of Capt. Elisha"' and Judith" Case. 
[See Fam. 5, S.=] He m. (2) Mercy 

(c) Zaccheus "(Wilcox), b. 1785; d. 1826, 
a;. 41; m. Temperance (dau. of Darius 
and Mary Giddings) Case, b. 1789. 

(d) Alanson" (Wilcox), b. 1787; d. 1849, 
X. 62; m. Cyrene Johnson. 

(e) Rodman « (Wilcox), b. 1789; d. 1S37, 

(f) Orville" (Wilcox), b. 1792; d. 1864, a;. 
71; m. the widow of Chester Giddings. 

(g) Celestia " (Wilcox), b. 1794. 

(h) Garmon " (Wilcox), b. 1796; m. 
Louisa C. Wright. 

(i) Imri" (Wilcox), b. 1798; d. 1835, 
X. 37; unmarried. 

(j) Loyal" (Wilcox), b. 1800; m. Almira 
Reed; res. Hartford, Ct. 

(k) Philena" (Wilcox), b. 1802; d. 1S54, 
a". 52; m. Lucius BrOOks. 

(!) M.^riah " (Wilcox), b. 1812; m. Mar- 
vin Case. 


re. 47; m. Rosanna Gwin. 
(4) Maiy" (\Vilcox), m. Eliphalet (son of Capt. Eliphalet and Margaret Dyer) CurtiS, 
b. 1758; d. 1816, X. 58; (5) Thankful •'■ (Wilcox), b. 1761; m. Zimri (son of Jacob an.l 
Patience Lawrence) Barber, b. 1764; (6) Jedidiah-^ (Wilcox), b. 1763; d. 1S18, x. 55; 
m. Sarah (dau. of Capt. Zaccheus and Abigail Barber) Case, b. 1764; d. 1830, a;. 66. 
Her 2d husband was Capt. Frederick" Humphrey. [Fam. 33, S.=] (7) Imri ■ 
(Wilcox), b. 1765; d. 1807, X. 42; m. Lucretia Hayes; (8) Lovisa" (W'ilcox), b. 1767; 
m. Dudley" (son of Dea. Benjamin and Hannah" Humphrey) Mills, b. I Apr. 1767. 
[Fam. 7, S.=] (9) Dan-' (Wilcox), b. 1773; d. 1833, x. 61; m. Esther Merrett; (10) 
.Sterling" (Wilcox), b. 1774; d. 1823, x. 48; m. Sophia Denslow. 

Martha,^ b. 31 July, 1735; >"• Thomas Barber, 4th. 

Capt. Job,J b. 3 June, 1737; d. 6 Oct. 1798: m. Joanna (dau. of Amos) Wilcox, b. 1740; 


d. 17 Dec. 1812. They lived in Terry's Plain, Simsbury, Ct. Children: (i) Job/ b, 
27 July, 1758; (2) Joanna," b. 9 Aug. 1760; m. Israel ■'^ (son of Isaac* and Bathsheba* 
Humphrey) Case, b. 18 Nov. 1757, [Fam. 6 (82), J. 2] (3) Violet,^ b. 19 Oct. 1762; 

(4) Capt. Ariel,"' b. 28 June, 1765; d. 17 Sept. 1827; m. (i) Rachel ; m. (2) Celia^ 

(Humphrey) Weston, b. 14 Apr. 1771, dau. of Capt. Joseph-' and Annis'^ (Pettibone) 
Humphrey, and widow of Noah Weston. [See Fam. 32, J.-] She died 27 Mch. 1862, 
w. 91 years. No children by the 2d marriage. (5) Lucy,'' b. 14 Feb. 1767; m. Capt. 
Amasa' Humphrey, [Fam. 29, J.=] (6) Asenath,'' b. 12 June, 1770; m. 31 Jan. 1786, 
Asa' Humphrey, [Fam. 30, J.=] (7) Luke," b. i July, 1772; settled in Winsted, 
» Ct.; (8) Betsey,'" b. 23 Dec. 1775; (9) Frederick, ■■ b. 5 May, 1777; (10) Grove,'' b. 29 
June, 1779; (II) Friend,'' b. 10 Nov. 1781; d. 22 June, 1840; m. Sarah . 

25. ix. Lydia,-' b. i Sept. 1741; m. Jonathan Pinney. They were the grandparents of Rev. 

Norman'' Pinney; and of the ^vivcs of Rockwell HoskinS, of Bloomfield, Henry 
Winship, of Hartford, Joel Clark, of Hartford, H. H. CaSB, Virgil AdamS, 
George ThompSOn, Joel H. Holcomb, Henry HolCOmb, and James O.'' 


26. VI. Hannah, 3 b. 6 April, 1697. 

27. VII. Charles, 3 died in 1774; m. Hepzibah Pettibone. Family 5. 

28. VIII. Noah, 3 b. 1707; m. Hannah Case. Family 6. 


29. Ensign SamueM Humphrey, [hJ (Lieut. Samuel,^ Michael,') was born 17 May, 
1686, in Simsbuiy, Ct.* He married (i) 23 Feb. i709-io,f Hannah (dau. of Joseph, 2d, and 
Mary Collier) Phelps, J of S., b. 25 Oct., 1693. She died in 1710, at the birth of her first child. 'f* 
He married (2) 26 Feb. 1712-13,! Mary Tuller, b. 27 Nov. 1692, dau. of John Tuller, of S., and 
Elizabeth (Case), whose first husband was Joseph Lewis, of S.ff He married (3) Dec, 1714, 
Lydia (dau. of Nathaniel) North, of Farmington, Ct.JJ She died 8 Aug. 1730.*** He married 
(4) 31 Oct., i73i,t M^r}' Orton, of Litchfield (South Farms), Ct. 

Mr. Humphrey at first settled in Simsbury, where three of his wives died, and where he 
married the fourth. He and his last wife were members of the Episcopal church and, before that 
order had other accomodations for worship, services were held at their house. 

While a resident of Simsbury, he is said to have been a merchant trader, as his grandfather Michael ' 
Humphrey had been, and to have transacted considerable business, which frequently called him to 
Boston. He was a man of good education for the times, and somewhat in the habit of writing. 
His name frequently occurs on the Simsbury Records, in connection with town offices and business 
transactions : 

Dec. 18, 1716, "Samuel Humphris Jr. was chosen haward and pound keeper;" October, 
1717, he was made " freeman ;" and Dec. 26th of that 3-ear "Samuel Humphris, Lieutenants Sone" 

* Simsbury Records: 20 May, ace. to Judge H. H. Barbour. 

t Simsbury Records. 

X Hannah Phelps was granddaughter of Joseph and Hannah (Newton) Phelps, and gr-gr.dau.' of " Ould Mr. 'Williain Phelps,"— 
ace. to MS. Genealogy of the Phelps family, by Dr. Simeon Shurtleff, of Bushy Hill (Weatogue P. O.) His widow, Mrs. Mary Ann (Phelps) 
Shurtleff had the MS. in her possession in 1871. Also, ace. to Stiles' Hist. 0/ Ancient Windscrr, pp. 738-739. 

*'^ According to Judge H. H. Barbour. 

ft Goodwin's Genealogical Notes, p. 275. 

n "Samuel Humphris & Hannah Phelps, m. Feb.— 1710. 

the aboue said Samll Humphris was married to Mary Tuller his second wife in Feb. 1713. 

His mariag to lidia North, his third wife was Dec.r 1714." — Simsbury Records. 

*** "Lidia Humphris wife of Insigne Samuel Humphris d. Aug. 8, ij^o."— Simsbury Records. Another entry is "4 Apr. 1730." 


was "chosen colectar and for the gathering of the minesters and town Rats and also Chosen Cun- 
stabel for the year in suin and Sworn sur vairs of highways;" Dec. i6, 171S, " Samuell 
humphris Sams son " was also chosen constable and collector. 

January 19, 1713-14, "Samuel Humphrvs, jr." mortgaged to John Moor, land in "Long 
Meadow" at Weatogue, bounded partly on land of his father; May 20, 17 14, was witness to a 
deed; and June 15, 1716, "Samuel Humphris Juner (son of Samuel, Sener) and Lyda Humphris, 
his wife," deeded land in "long meadow, at Weatouge, to Jonathan Humphris [Fam. 4. S.^J; ac- 
knowledged before Samuel Humphris, Justice," [Fam. 2, S.^] Feb. 21, 1731-2, "Samuel Humphrey 
2d" gave a deed to his son Samuel: it was witnessed by John Humphrey, Jr., and Jonathan 
Humphrey, Jr., [Fam. 17, S.^] May 15, 1736, he deeded land that was "laid out to him in 
partnership with Samuel Humphr}' Johns son," [Fam. fi, J.=] Apr. 2, 1737, he gave a deed to 
his son Abel; March 19, 1739, "Samuel Humphre\-, of Goshen," and Charles and Noah Hum- 
phrey, of Simsbury, sold to Samuel Pettibone, Jr., "land which belonged to their father Samuel 
Humphrey dec'd ; " !March 19. 1741. "Samuel Humphry, of Goshen," acknowledged the receipt of 
a valuable sum of money from his brothers Jonathan, Charles and Noah, for which he quitclaimed 
to them "all his right to certain lands of their honored father, Samuel Humphry of Simsbury, de- 
ceased"; at the same date he deeded land in Simsbury to David Phelps, ^^ee Fam. 17 (189), J.'J 

With regard to military affairs, we obtain the following from the Hartford Records: 

March iS, 1723, "Samuel Humphris, as clerk," makes return of the choice of officers.* 
This was probably Samuel,^ either the son of Lieut. Samuel^ or of Sergt. John,- [Fam. 6, J.^] 
The son of the latter is often styled, on the Simsbury Records, "Samuel Humphrey, John's son" to 
distinguish him from the son of the former, as both were living in Simsbury at the same time and 
were very nearly the same age. 

October nth, 1725, Sergt. Samuel Humphrey was chosen "Ensign of the South Compan}-, 
or train band. "f The index gives, Samuel Humphrey was "chosen F.ns. Mch. iS, 1723, cp. 
[captain.?] M. 12, 1725;" but does not refer to documents. If these dates are all correct, thi; 
last statement may relate to Samuel, 3 son of John,^ as his death did not occur until Sept. 20th, 
1725, and he bore the title of "Captain." 

Some difficulty appears to have arisen at a later date, when only Samuel 3 son of Samuel,'' 
of the three just mentioned, was surviving. But as Lis son Samuel ■* had reached the age of 26 
years, in 1736, we are in doubt to which of the two the following may refer: — "To the Honner- 
able Joseph Talcott Esq"^ these Lines are to Inform Your Honner that Ensign Samuell Humphry 
was Chosen Ens° in Capt : Benjamin Addams Company, and now by our Divission he fals in the 
South Company and he Refuseth to searue in his post and he hath not gott his Dismission nither 
and wee are vnder a Difficulty in this affair, and pray your Honners advice & Direction in the 
mater which is all at present from your hum'<= Ser'^ 

Simssbury Nov'' y« James Cornish Jr. Capt. 

8: 1736. Sam" Petibone Lieut. 

The Index gives: "Gov. T. says he belongs to Capt. Adams Co.»": but the endorsement 

is on the back of the document, which is pasted down and cannot be read.| 

About the year 1739, Ensign Samuel 3 Humphrey removed, with his wife and younger 
children, from Simsbury to Goshen, Ct. , and settled upon a tract of land (one "right") which he 
had bid off at a division of lands at New Haven, March 9th, 1738. This land was located in 
the north part of the town, where he and his sons gave the name to the road on which they 
lived, it having been known as long as kept open, and till within a few years, as Humphrey Lane.f 

• State Library, Militia, Vol. I.. 1678-1729, Doc. 180; t Idem, Doc. 294; t Idem, Vol. IT., 1730-1740, Doc. 306. 

t It was stated by Mary Mau. of Ashbel) Humphrey [Fam. 11, S.], and wife of Samuel Humphrey who built a house in Humphrey 
Lane [Fam. 45. S.j. that the frame house built by Ensign Samuel Humphrey was on the west side oT the highway — the fourth Humphrey 
house from the north on that side— and that it stood where the first log house had stood. The fi-ame house on the east side was for his 
son David Humphrey 


When he left his old home, a large number of his friends and neighbors accompanied him 
as far as Farmington River (a distance of three miles) and there spent a night in prayer and praise. 
In the morning they bade him a kind and tearful farewell — never expecting to see him again in 
this life. The distance of his new home from Simsbury was about thirty-two miles ! It is worthy 
of note that nearly all of his original purchase in Goshen is }et in the hands of his descendants. 
His great-great-grandson, Lemuel ' Palmer [Fam. 45, S.''], was the owner of this property a few 
years since. 

On the Goshen Records, under date 22 Nov. 1748, is an entry concerning Ensign Samuel 3 
Humphrey's ear-mark for animals. This was transferred to his son Noah+ Humphrey, 27 Dec, 1777. 

Mr. Humphrey continued to reside in Goshen until his death, which occurred 16 Oct., 
1759, at the age of 73 years. 

In the traditions concerning him there is no personal description given, but, from what is known 
of the large stature, strength and stamina of his brothers and his sons, he is presumed to have 
been a large, athletic man. 

In the sumnrer of 1858, the writer* paid a visit to Mr. Lewis M. Norton, of Goshen [Fam. 
4, S.^], to whom he had been referred as the best authority in matters of personal and local 
history pertaining to that vicinity ; and from him was obtained, to a great e.xtent, the account of this 
family, which he stated that he had mostly received, in February, or March, 18 12. from David'' 
(son of Ensign Samuel 3) Humphrey. In a letter written by Mr. Norton in the autumn of 1858, 
he describes him as being, at the time when he furnished the history of his father's family, "about 
eighty-six years old, but having retained his faculties to a remarkable degree. " He also adds as 
follows: "I received from him, at the same time, much other information concerning the early 
settlers in this town. His mind was vigorous and his memory remarkably retentive." The same 
was true of Mr. Norton, M'ho was well known, in that region, as a most zealous and careful col- 
lector of genealogical records. 

Another source of information which Mr. Norton had, and regarded as very reliable, was 
Mrs. Mylos (Humphrey) Hamilton [Fam. 14, S.'], a granddaughter of Samuel^ Humphrey. On 
this authority, in the cases where records and authentic history were lacking, the writer has not 
hesitated to correct differences of tradidons by Mr. Norton's statements. 

Rev. Grant Powers, A. M., in his address at the centennial celebration of Goshen, Ct., Sept. 
28th, 1838, thus alludes to this family: 

"Samuel Humphrey lived in Humphrey Lane. He was an original proprietor from Simsbury. 
He had eighteen children by four wives — ten sons and eight daughters ; and his posterity are very 
numerous and have ever well-sustained the reputation of their worthy progenitor. Indeed, it is 
thought that the descendants of this Samuel Humphrey are more numerous, by far, than the descen- 
dants of any other man who ever lived in Goshen." Mrs. Hamilton always understood that there 
were nineteen children, and the child who died young may not have been included in the 
number given by Mr. Powers. 

Owing to the distance and difficulty of communication across the wild and mountainous 
country, there seems to have been but little intercourse maintained between the older children of the 
family, who settled in and near Simsbury, and the parents and younger portion, after their removal 
to Goshen, and little knowledge of each other ; and the compiler congratulates himself in having 
succeeded, from scant and scattered sources, in rescuing from loss the history of this remarkable 
family which, though lacking somewhat in chronology and details, is, as far as given, usually correct. 
Much additional and interesdng matter pertaining to this family was doubtless contained in the early 
Parish Records of Goshen, which were lost through their removal by a pastor (so said) during certain 
ecclesiastical and parochial disagreements in the parish. 

« Otis M. Humphrey, M. D. ■ • 


Children (by 1st marriage): * 

30. I. Samuel.^ b. 15 Oct., 1710; d. 7 July, 1755, ae. 45; m. Mary Wilcox. Family 7. 
(Bv 2d marriage J : 

31. II. Abel,^ b. 13 Mch., 1714 : m. Jemima \\'arner. Family 8. 
( Bv jd marriage): 

32. III. Lydia,'' b. 7 Nov., 1715: d. 1775, a;. 60; m. 19 Aug., 1737, in Simsbury, Ct., Capt. 

Daniel WilcOX.f The}- removed from Simsbury to Canton, Ct. , where they were