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The Hyde Park 



HISTORICAL RECORD. 



VOLUME ONE. 



1891-92. 



PUBLISHED BY THE 

HYDE PARK HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

HYDE PARK, MASS. 
1892. 



-1 n H ^ ^^ 



iA »-^~» 



PRESS OF THE 

HYDE PARK TIMES, 

HYDE PARK, MASS. 



CONTENTS. 



Prospectus ....... i 

A Brief Sketch of the Hyde Park Historical Society, 2 
Zenas Allen ...... 4 

Pemaquid and Monhegan, Charles Levi Woodbury, 5, 20, 46, 61 
The Butler School, FrcDik B. Rich ... 9 

Hyde Park Historical Society in 1890-91, Charles G. Chick, 13 
Hyde Park Births, Edivin C. Jenney . • I5» 33) 53. 68 

Henry Grew . . . . . . ■ ^7 

Matilda Whiting Vose, Charles F. Jenney ... 26 

A Reminiscence of Gordon H. Nott, Orin T. Gray . 30 

Proceedings of the Historical Society . . 31 

Necrology of the Hyde Park Historical Society, 

Augustus Aspinwall Page . . . -32 

William Thomas Hart, • • • • 33 

Martin Luther Whitcher . . . . -37 

The Streets of Hyde Park, George L. Richardson . 39 

Legal Reminiscences, Edmund Davis . . -50 

Benjamin Franklin Radford . , . -57 

A Revolutionary Hero . . . . -59 

Opposition of Milton to Incorporation of Hyde Park, 64 
John Ellery Piper, Rev. Perlev B. Davis . . -65 

Reminiscences of Twenty Years Ago, Charles G. Chick, 67 
Index ........ 73 



ILLUSTKATIOJSrS. 



Zenas Allen, a heliotype from photograph, Facing title page. 
Butler School House ..... 9 

Henry Grew, a heliotype from photograph (with autograph), 17 
Old Whiting House ..... 30 

Martin L. Whitcher, a heliotype from crayon (with 

autograph), . , -37 

Benjamin F. Radford, a heliotype from photograph (with 

autograph), . . . -57 

J. Ellery Piper, a heliotype from photograph (with autograph), 65 



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HISTORICAL RECORD. 



Vol. I. APRIL, 1891. No. 1 



CONTENTS: 

Frontispiece, Zenas Allen - - - - Facing page i 

Prospectus _..- i 

Historical Sketch -------- 2 

Zenas Allen -4 

Pemaquid and Monhegan. Charles Levi Woodbury - 5 

The Butler School. Frank B. Rich - - - - 9 
Hyde Park Historical Society in 1890-91. Chas. G. Chick, 13 
Hyde Park Births. Edwin C. Jenney - - - - 15 



PUBLISHED BY THE 

HYDE PARK HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

HYDE PARK, MASS. 



The Hyde Park Historical Record. 



EDITOR: 

EDMUND DAVIS. 

COMMITTEE OF PUBLICATION: 

EDMUND DAVIS, LOUISE M. WOOD, 

JOS. KING KNIGHT, WALLACE D. LOWELL, 

CHARLES F. JENNEY. 

Business Manager: GEORGE F. ELDRIDGE. 



All literary communications should be addressed to the editor; subscriptions 
and business communications to the Business Manager. 

The Recokd will be published quarterly — in January, April, JvUy and October. 



SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, 50 Cents Per Year. 
Single Numbers, 15 Cents. 

PRINTED AT THE OFFICE OF THE HYDE PARK TIMES. 



41- MsLTSTi, D. :^7^RD, l^ 

U/atet^es, • Jeu/e!ry, - Silueru/ar^^. 

Clocks, Eye-classes, Spectacles. 

STKTIONJEF2V MND C\w/TLERV. 

Great care taken in the selection of Goods as regards Style and Quality. Prices Low. 

YOCJR TRAbE 50L!CITEb. 
EVERETT SQUARE, - - - - HYDE PARK. 



THOMAS E. FAUNCE, 
INSURANCE. 

2S VOKRS' EXPERIENCE. 

Phenix Insurance Co., Brooklyn. American Insurance Co., Philadelphia. 

Northern Asmrance Co., England. German American Insurance Co., N. Y. 
Lancashire Insurance Co., Eng. Providence Washington Insurance Co., Prov. 
California Insurance Co., Cal. British America Assurance Co., Toronto. 

Equitable F. tfc M. Imurance Co., Prov. Abington Mutual Fire Ins. Co., Abington. 

EVERETT SQUARE, HYDE PARK, MASS. 



THE 



HYDE PARK HISTORICAL RECORD. 

Vol. I. APRIL, 1891. NO. 1, 



PROSPECTUS. 

The object of this publication is the advancement of the 
interests of the Hyde Park Historical Society, the publishing of 
articles of historical interest relative to Hyde Park and its 
vicinity, and the encouragement of historical study and research. 

It is proposed to print, among other items of interest, many 
of the valuable papers already presented before the Society and 
selections from such as may hereafter be so presented; concise 
reports of the proceedings of the Society; articles on subjects of 
historical interest; biographical and genealogical sketches, and 
interesting reminiscences of men and events. 

The Society does not undertake this publication for pecuniary 
profit and will expend all amounts received therefrom in increas- 
ino- its size and value. The articles will be illustrated from time 
to time, and it will be our aim to make this publication not only 
interesting, but instructive. 

We are fortunate in being able to present in this initial number 
of the Record a sketch of the life of a man who was prominently 
identified with social, business and religious life of our town 
in its earlier days, and who not only was one of the pioneers in 
the town's manufacturing enterprises, but was as well one of the 
first of our ''town fathers" and one of the earliest members of 
the Society. It seems fitting that his record and likeness should 
be among the first, but we hope not the last, to be presented in 
the pages of our quarterly. 

The Record will be under the editorial charge of Edmund 
Davis, who will be assisted by members of the Society and others. 



2 A Brief Sketch of the HyJe Park Historical Society. 

We invite your assistance and co-operation. Will you not sub- 
scribe for a copy for yourself and also copies to send to friends 
and former residents ? By so doing you will aid the Society in 
carrying on this important work with but little expense to 

yourself. 

Edmund Davis, 

Louise M. Wood, 

Jos. King Knight, 

Wallace D. Lovell, 

Charles F. Jenney, 

Chas. G. Chick, President. Cojuniittee on Publication. 

Fred L. Johnson, Rcc. Scc'y. 



A BRIEF SKETCH OF THE HYDE PARK HISTORI- 
CAL SOCIETY. 

On the first day of March, 1887, pursuant to a circular letter 
bearing the names of Theodore D. Weld, Robert Bleakie, Henry 

A. Rich, Edmund Davis and Charles F. Jenney, between forty 
and fifty of the citizens of Hyde Park met in Association Hall, 
Neponset Block, to consider the expediency of forming an his- 
torical society. 

The circular letter set forth the necessity of such an organ- 
ization in the following terms: "There is a large amount of 
information concerning the early days of our town in the 
possession and knowledge of the older residents, which must 
soon be lost or forgotten, to a great extent, unless some organized 
effort is made to collate and preserve it." 

Of this meeting, Amos H. Brainard was chairman, and P'rank 

B. Rich, secretary. Remarks were made by Edmund Davis, 
Henry A. Rich, Charles F. Jenney, Edward I. Humphrey, David 
Higgins, Robert Bleakie, Henry S. Bunton, Merrill Underbill and 
James E. Cotter, all in favor of the proposed action. It was voted 
to form art historical society, and a committee was appointed to 
report, at a future meeting, a constitution, by-laws and list of 
ofificers. The next meeting was held on the fifteenth day of the 
same month, Amos H. Brainard again presiding and Henry B. 
Humphrey acting as secretary. A constitution and by-laws were 



A Brief Sketch of the Hyde Park Historical Society. 3 

adopted, and officers elected as follows : President, Amos H. 
Brainard; vice-presidents, Henry Grew, Theodore D. Weld, 
Sylvanus Cobb, Jr., Robert Bleakie, David L. Davis, William J. 
Stuart, Henry A. Rich, David Higgins, James E. Cotter, Amos 
Webster, Sidney C. Putnam, Perley B. Davis, Benjamin ¥. 
Radford, Hobart M. Cable, Francis W. Tewksbury, James D. 
McAvoy, John B. Bachelder, Henry B. Carrington, David Perkins 
and Fred F. Hassam ; treasurer, Wallace D. Lovell ; recording 
secretary, Henry B. Humphrey ; corresponding secretary, Charles 
F. Jenney; curators, the president, treasurer and secretaries, 
ex-officiis, Edmund Davis, Henry B. Miner, Charles G. Chick, 
David C. Marr, Orin T. Gray and Henry S. Bunton. 

The constitution adopted at this meeting defined the objects of 
the Society as follows : 

"The object of this Society shall be the promotion of the 
study of history, with particular reference to that of Hyde Park, 
the preservation and perpetuation of the memory of persons and 
events connected with said town, and the collection of objects of 
historic interest. 

" It shall be the duty of members, so far as it may be in their 
power, to carry out the objects of the Society by collecting by 
gift, loan or purchase, books, manuscripts and pictures ; and by 
such other suitable means as may, from time to time, seem 
expedient." 

The Society initiated, and through its members took a leading 
part in, the celebration of the twentieth anniversary of the incor- 
poration of the town. It was incorporated under the Public 
Statutes of the Commonwealth, April 14, 1890. Its present 
membership is about 238. During the first years of its existence 
the curators met principally in the rooms of the school committee 
or in that of the trustees of the Public Library, and halls were 
hired for the meetings of the Society. At these meetings many 
valuable papers have been presented. The growth of the Society 
has been steady and sure. It was never in so good a condition as 
at the present day. The past year, in particular, has been one of 
unbroken prosperity, and a more detailed statement relating to it 
will be found later in this number. 



Zohis Allen. 



ZENAS ALLEN. 

Zenas Allen was the son of Benjamin (born November 4, 
1777, died October 19, 1866) and Asenath (Coleman) (born Octo- 
ber 7, 1776, died 1849) Allen. 

His ancestors descended from the Puritans and took an active 
part in the war of the Revolution. His paternal grandfather was 
proprietor of the celebrated Black Horse Tavern in Cambridge 
(now Arlington) on the Lexington and Concord road. This 
tavern was the headquarters of the Committee of Safety for this 
section of the country, and the favorite resort of Hancock, Adams 
and many others of patriotic fame. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Ashby, Mass., Novem- 
ber 4, 1805, and died in Hyde Park, May 20, 1887. His remains 
were buried in his family lot, near the Soldiers Monument at 
Mount Hope Cemetery, Boston. 

In early life he learned the trade of a carpenter, and later that 
of a paper-hanger; in the latter trade, and in the buying and selling 
of house papers he spent more than thirty years of his life. 

He removed from the town of Ashby to Boston in 1827 and 
resided there most of the time until 1866; the exceptions being 
about the year 1832, when he was employed by the United States 
Government in the mail service between Concord and Fitchburir, 
Mass., and the years 1859 to 1862, when he lived on his farm in 
Ashby. 

For two years, 1853 and 1854, he was a member of the Massa- 
chusetts House of Representatives from the city of Boston and it 
is a remarkable fact that his father (Benjamin Allen of Ashby) 
was a member of the same body in the last-named year. 

In politics he was identified with the Whigs until the Republi- 
can party was formed, and he was ever afterward enthusiastic in 
the support of Republican principles. His interest in political 
matters is forcibly shown by the fact that, in the sixty years in 
which he was entitled to vote, he failed but six times to cast his 
ballot. 

He became a resident of Hyde Park in 1866, moving into a 
house that he had built, on Walnut street, in that year. He came 
here in the employ of the Hyde Park Woolen Company, one of 
the earliest of the manufacturing enterprises to be located in 
what is now a most prosperous town. 



Zeiias Allen. 5 

When the town was incorporated, he was chosen as a member 
of the first board of selectmen and he was re-elected in the follow- 
ing year, serving with Messrs. Henry Grew, Benjamin F. Radford, 
William J. Stuart, Martin L. Whitcher and David L. Davis, all of 
whom, with the exception of Mr. Whitcher, are still living, and 
residents of our town. 

Mr. Allen was much interested in the welfare and prosperity 
of Hyde Park; his advice was often sought and his judgment 
greatly respected by his fellow citizens. 

He was a member of the Hyde Park Congregational Church ; 
at the time of his death, as he had been for many years, he was 
one of its deacons, an office that he had filled, for a long time, in 
the Pine Street Congregational Church in Boston. 

Mr. Allen was twice married. His first wife was Caroline 
Randall of Ashburnham, Mass., to whom he was united September 
II, 1827; she was born in March 1805 and died in this town 
March 23, 1869; their two sons, Charles Hastings (born June 14, 
1828) and George Henry (born November 22, 1832) reside in 
Boston, where both have filled many positions of honor and trust. 
He was again married March 24, 1870, to Mrs. Charlotte M. 
(Clarke) Sanders of New Ipswich, N. H., who is now a resident 
of our town. 

Mr. Allen was one of the original members of the Hyde Park 
Historical Society. 



PEMAOUID AND MONHEGAN.' 

BY CHARLES LEVI WOODBURY. 

Ladies and Gentlemen of this Historical Society : I 
remember when I first saw Pemaquid. I was cruising eastward in 
the yacht of the Hon. Benjamin Dean of Boston, and, owing to 
the fog, we ran in by Pemaquid Point until we reached the outer 
harbor. Here we caught mackerel and waited for the fog to lift. 
On the shore an abandoned porgy factory, perfumed as unlike a 
bank of violets as possible, occupied one chop of the harbor; on 
the other stood a large, square house, more pretentious than a 

I Read before the Hyde Park Historical Society, February 26, 1891. 



6 Pemaquid and Monhegan. 

farm-house, and in front could be traced some slight ridges and a 
few bunches of bushes. 

We sailed the next morning, bound east, and on our starboard 
hand, as we neared the point, a lofty island some four leagues 
away attracted our attention, — -it was Monhegan. When we 
returned from our explorations of the islands of the Penobscot 
and Mount Desert, we sighted the island, the morning sun play- 
ing on its top, bathed it in light ; amid a peaceful ocean it rose 
like an island of the blessed ; anon the lighthouse and then as 
with flowing sail we neared it, houses and then windows could be 
made out. The wind was fair, but on my suggestion that this 
was the hallowed ground, the germ of New England, we hauled 
up a little closer to the wind and dashed up to the head of the 
harbor, tacked and stood off on our course, westward, ho! We 
had seen the cradle of New England. 

My theme to-night is specially the history of the Forts of 
Pemaquid. 

DISCOVERY. 

Before entering on this recital of the conflict of races and of 
nations, of civilization and savage life, to control the destinies of 
this continent, I should refer briefly to the discovery of this coast. 

After Columbus had astonished Europe, and rivalled the Port- 
ugese explorations of the East, the Pope divided the new-found 
territories, giving the west to the Spaniards and the east to the 
Portugese. France and England, being left unsatisfied and dis- 
satisfied, went for their shares in several ways. They captured 
the Spanish treasure ships and confiscated their cargo, — that is, 
private gentlemen did it in an unofficial way. When they got 
captured, the Spaniards hung them promptly at the yard-arm, and 
when the Spaniards were taken after a resistance, an old Nor- 
wegian or Viking method of sending captives "home by sea" was 
resorted to, and they were made to walk the plank ! 

In the north, the fisheries of Newfoundland and Cape Breton 
were pursued by French, Portugese and Spaniards, to whom were 
added, in the last third of the sixteenth century, the English, — 
all well armed, holding their fares of fish not merely by the hook 
but by the sword, as the national law of the fisheries. 

The coast between Nova Scotia and the ubiquitous Florida 
was little frequented, and very dangerous, except to heavily 
armed vessels. The sight of a sail was sisrnal for a fidit or a 



Pemaquid aiui Monhegan. 7 

flight. The few armed traders or piratical explorers who touched 
its shores brought to Europe the rumor that somewhere on what 
we now know as the coast of Maine there was a great, rich native 
city called Norumbcga, a myth like the Island of the Seven Cities 
that Cabot pursued. 

South of 40° north latitude the French had been beaten off 
from forming a settlement, and Sir Walter Raleigh had been 
defeated by vicissitudes and perils in a like purpose. We 
need not consider Cortoreal, Gomez and Verezano, nor Cartier, 
Roberval or Gilbert and the like adventurers. 

Practically, our knowledge of the coast of New England begins 
with 1600, and we may leave the sixteenth century out of consid- 
eration, and begin here. In 1600, Sir Walter Raleigh and his 
relative. Sir Humphrey Gilbert, had stirred up the English, and 
the French had equally awoke to the determination to have some 
part of the North American coast south of 45°, whether the 
Spaniards liked it or not. Patents were readily granted by 
princes for territory "in remote heathen and barbarous lands," 
but it was as difflcult for the patentee to take possession as it 
would have been for the Royal Grantor to show any color of title 
in himself. At this date the trade of fishing at Newfoundland 
and Cape Breton and adjacent shores had been thoroughly 
exploited during the preceding century by French and English 
(Parkhurst, in 15^8, estimates 530 sail fishing on these coasts); 
and it was almost side by side that these two nations now 
explored the riches of the New England coast, and grasped for its 
exclusive control. 

In 1602, Gosnold made a voyage on this coast and touched the 
coast of Maine at York Nubble. His historiographer writes that 
as they neared the shore a Biscayan shallop under sail dashed out 
from the other side of the great rock and ran down to them, 
having on board some half dozen Indians with about two suits of 
European clothes divided between them. They held a very 
pleasant interview, the Indians making them quite a chart of the 
coast with chalk on a board, and Gosnold, finding himself at Lat. 
43°, further north than his object, the Vineyard Sound and 
Island, bore away southward, leaving two isles (13oon and Isle of 
Shoals) on his port hand. This fixes the location ; it also fixes the 
fact that French or Basque traders had been there before him, 
and that the natives had learned to handle the sloop. In 1603 



8 Pemaqitid and Monhegan. 

Martyn Pryng was on the coast, and in 1604 Weymouth was at 
Monhegan, and at Damarel's Cove Islands. In the same year, 
De Monts and Champlain were also at these points. The issue 
was shaping between the French and the English. 

The French king, in 1603, had granted a charter to De Monts 
for all the region from latitude 40" to 48" or 49", which we now 
call New York and New England. 

The English king (James I.), in 1606, had granted the Virginia 
charter, divided into two sections, one. North Virginia, having 
nearly the same boundaries as the New France granted by the 
French. The Indians were in actual possession ; the Spaniards 
claimed the coast. Here were two new titles. Who would get 
the actual possession of the land they all wanted 1 

De. Monts and that skilful navigator, Champlain, came over in 
1604, skirted the Coast of Nova Scotia, round into Port Royal, 
crossed to the other side of the Bay of Fundy and settled at the 
mouth of the St. Croix River. In 1605 they explored the coast as 
far south as the Nantucket Shoals ; sighting the island Mon- 
hegan, "La Nef," they called it, and entering Boothbay Harbor, 
explored the Sheepscot and the Kennebec. Here on their return 
they learned of Weymouth's gross outrage. In the following 
year, after moving their residence to Port Royal, they again 
explored these coasts. 

Shall it become New England or New France.-* It required an 
hundred and fifty years to settle this question. 

The English Company, of whom Chief Justice Popham was the 
head, and whose members were West of England people, sent out 
two vessels under Raleigh Gilbert and George Popham, with 
settlers who made their first landfall at the island of Monhegan, 
where they celebrated religious services according to the Church 
of I^ngland, and then came over to the mouth of the Kennebec, 
and settled on an island which is now P'ort Popham. P'rom Mon- 
hegan they paid their first visit to Pemaquid. 

The Indians of the country were of the Abnaki tribes, whose 
tributaries extended westward, and south through Maine, New 
Hampshire and part of Massachusetts. Their chief head was the 
Bashaba, who lived at Pemaquid, a few miles up the river. 

[to be continued.] 



The Butler School. 




THE BUTLER SCHOOL. 

THE OLDEST SCHOOL-HOUSE IN HYDE PARK. 
BY FRANK B. RICH.' 

iN the north side of East River 
street, between Huntington and 
Wood avenues, stands a one-story 
frame building known as the 
Butler School. It is the oldest 
school-house in Hyde Park. The 
history of th^ building dates back to the beginning of the 
century, while the history of the school covers a period of over 
one hundred years. At the Dorchester town meeting in March, 
1783, the town voted "That Ebenezer Trescott, Nathaniel Weath- 
erby and others be allowed their proportionable part of the school 
money, they using and improving it for the purpose of educating 
their children." At that time there were no public school accom- 
modations for the residents of the sections now known as Hyde 
Park and Mattapan. Miss Polly Williams (afterwards the wife of 
Ebenezer Vose) was the first teacher engaged. The school was 
held in a building used as a corn barn; it stood in the yard of 
Richard Clarke opposite the site of the present school-house. For 
three years this rude and inconvenient structure served the pur- 
pose of a district school, the town of Dorchester making small 
appropriations each year for its maintenance. The people soon 
demanded more accommodations, and in 1786 a school-house was 
built about where the present Butler School stands, the expense 
being borne in part by the town of Dorchester and the inhabi- 
tants of the district. Among those who assisted were Ebenezer 
Trescott, George Clarke, William Sumner, Lemuel Crane, Richard 
Clarke and Jeremiah Mcintosh, prominent residents of the 
district. The building was of wood, twelve feet wide, fourteen 
feet deep, one story high, and without plastering or clapboards. 
It had four small glass windows, which closed with wooden shut- 
ters. Miss Gillespie, Mrs. Joseph Hawes and others taught there. 
Of course the building could only be occupied summers, and in 

I Read before the Hyde Park Historical Society, April 22, 18S7. 



10 The Butler School. 

order to meet the requests for a winter school the teacher, Mr. 
Lemuel Crane, in the fall of 1790, transferred the pupils to his 
own dwelling, where the winter term was held. The house is still 
standing on River street, corner of Metropolitan avenue, and is 
owned and occupied by the heirs of the late Elihu Greenwood. 
Mr. Crane also held evening schools here for boys employed in the 
paper mill. The following year (1791) the school-house was im- 
proved and made more comfortable by filling in bricks between 
the boarding, but the building was never plastered. 

In the list of teachers are Miss Polly Crane, in the summer of 
1797; Dr. Samuel Gould of Dedham, the winter term of 1797-98; 
Benjamin Heaton, 1798-99, who, tradition says, was so near-sighted 
that the boys used to play tricks with him in consequence of this 
defect. His successor was a Mr. Peck, 1799- 1800. In the winter 
of 1800-01 the Rev. William Montague, a distinguished clegyman, 
was engaged as a teacher. He was rector of Christ Church, 
Boston, from 1787 to 1792, and for twenty-six years following that 
was rector of the Episcopal Church at Dedham. He also took a 
great interest in the Butler School, particularly the study of math- 
ematics. He died in Dedham, July 22, 1833, in his seventy-sixth 
year. Pcrley Lyon of Woodstock, Conn., kept the school from 
1801 to 1803 ; Miss Martha Sumner in 1803 ; Griffin Child, 1803-04; 
he was the last teacher in the old building. The salary at that 
time was $13 a month and board for the six winter months, for 
which the district paid $2 per week. The district had now out- 
grown this 12 x 14 building, and in 1803 the town of Dorchester 
appropriated $300 to build a new and commodious school-house. 
The population of the town of Dorchester at that time was about 
2,500, and the town was divided into four school districts; this 
one, sometimes called the Western District, was given new bounda- 
ries and called District No. 5. It included all the territory from 
the old Dedham line, near the Readville cotton mill, to the old 
starch factory now standing on the north bank of the Neponset 
River, about half a mile below Mattapan. The district was large 
in area, the small population very much scattered, and the school 
fund insufficient to meet the actual necessities. At this time the 
former teacher came forward, Mr. Lemuel Crane, then a member 
of the board of selectmen of Dorchester, afterward Representative 
to the General Court from this district, and he deeded, June 26, 
1804, to the fifth school district of Dorchester the present school 



The Butler School. ii 

lot, containing about fourteen square rods, with the provision, 
"The said land to be held by said district for the purpose of 
building a school-house thereon, and to be improved for the 
benefit of schools, and for no other use ; and when said district 
shall cease to improve the said land for the purpose aforesaid, 
for two years in succession, then the said land shall revert back 
to me or my heirs." 

The town of Dorchester having appropriated $300, the district 
added $180, and the old school-house was sold for $25, making 
$505 for a building fund. Lemuel Crane, Jesse ElHs and 
Jeremiah Mcintosh were appointed as a building committee, and 
the present structure, accommodating sixty pupils, was erected 
during the summer of 1804. Jesse Ellis and William Paul were 
the builders. The total cost, including desks, seats, fencing, etc., 
was $472.86. William Sumner gave the school a stove, which 
did good serv^ice for over thirty years. Mr. Griffin Child, 
who had taught in the old building, opened the winter term of 
1804-05 in the present building, the custon then being to have 
male teachers for the winter terms and female teachers for the 
summer. Among those who taught in the present building are 
Miss Susan Mcintosh, 1805; Miss Clarissa Sumner, 1806; 
William Fox of Woodstock, Conn., 1807-09; Waldo Fox, 1810; 
Miss Sally Sumner, Eben Tolman, Aaron D. Capen, followed 
by a long list of prominent men and women of Dorchester. The 
number of pupils attending continued about the same for many 
years, for as the population increased new school districts were 
formed. In 181 5 the district was made smaller by a school being 
established at Upper Mills, now Mattapan, called District No. 6. 
Then in 1829 District No. 7 was added. The number was still 
further increased and the districts renumbered in 1836, this 
district (No. 5) becoming No. 7. The name "Butler School " was 
given to the building in 1849, when the school committee of 
Dorchester changed all the district numbers to names. The 
reason given was to bring the schools into association with some 
of the great and good men who have lived among us. The name 
Butler was in honor of the Rev. Henry Butler, a native of Kent, 
England, and a graduate of Cambridge University. He settled 
in Dorchester about 1654, where for some twelve years he was 
engaged in the work of the ministry and in teaching. He died 
in England April 24. 1696, at the age of seventy-two. 



12 



The Butler School. 



The town of Dorchester continued the regular sessions of the 
school up to the time of the incorporation of Hyde Park, April 
22, 1868, when the building became a part of the new town's 
property, and the school was continued, with slight interruption, 
until the opening of the Greenwood School, December, 1872, when 
the Butler School was closed, and remained vacant until Sep- 
tember, 1884. In the earlier part of the century the building 
served the purpose of a church as well as a school, and dis- 
tinguished clergymen of forty and fifty years ago occupied the 
desk. Among them were Rev. Hosea Ballou, the famous Uni- 
versalist preacher, who made occasional visits here during the 
time of his pastorate over the Second Universalist Church of 
Boston. Clergymen from Dedham, Milton and Dorchester 
Centre also conducted services here on Sunday afternoons. A 
Sunday school was also held here, but there was no regularly 
organized society. The heirs of Lemuel Crane entered suit in 
1 88 1 against the town of Hyde Park to gain possession of the 
property on the ground of failing to comply with the provisions 
of the deed of 1804. The case was carried to the Suj^reme 
Court, who rendered a decision, May 11, 1883, in favor of the 
town. The following year upwards of $600 was expended in 
improvements on the building, and in September, 1884, the old 
school building was re-opened once more and regular sessions 
have since been held. The general appearance of the building 
is about the same as in its earliest days, except that the tall elms 
on either side the entrance to the grounds have grown into more 
noble proportions, and after eighty-three years of public service, 
both as a district school and a house of worship, the old building 
stands firm, with promise of many years of usefulness yet to 
come. Its history is a forcible reminder of the enterprise and 
public spirit of our ancestors. 



Hvde Park Historical Society in 1890-91. 13 

HYDE PARK HISTORICAL SOCIETY IN 1890-91. 

CHARLES G. CHICK. 

At the annual meeting of 1890 the Society voted to apply to 
the State for a charter, and a committee was appointed to carry 
out this vote. 

On April 14, 1890, the charter was granted and the Society 
became an organized corporation with all the rights and powers 
given by our Public Statutes. 

The Curators, having been authorized by vote at the annual 
meeting, then rented Room 5 in the Everett House for per- 
manent headquarters. In this connection the last annual report 
of the President says, ''Our means would not permit expensive 
rents, and, although the room is not such as we need, yet it has 
served us very well during the year. Members of the Society 
generously subscribed nearly funds enough to furnish it in an 
inexpensive, but comfortable manner. The value to the Society 
of the room was at once apparent, as contributions of books and 
other articles of interest began to be received. We have, during 
the year just closing, made very creditable additions to our 
Historical Library. . . . Many have contributed money to aid in 
the purchase of works that were desirable and could only be 
secured by purchase. Valuable contributions have been received 
from former residents who still have a cordial feeling for our 
town, and gladly add something to our collection. Others there 
are who have a general interest in our work, and, having means, 
willingly assist us. Historical Societies of other places have 
aided us in many ways, so that in the work we have met with 
much encouragement in all directions." The result of this work 
for 1890, the Corresponding Secretary reports as follows: 

" Bound volumes (books) 549 

Bound volumes (newspapers) 5 

Unbound volumes (newspapers) 30 

Pamphlets 339 

Entire number of additions to the Library during the year, 913 

" Besides the above there have been quite numerous donations 
of photographs, engravings, deeds, maps, plans, programmes, 
notices and the like." 



14 Hyde Park Historical Society in i8go-g! . 

And he well says in his report that "Our aim has not been to 
gather together a collection of historical works such as are to be 
found in our Public Library, but rather to supplement the 
]:)rivileges there afforded by volumes which the Library is not 
able to secure with its limited appropriations." 

Our fixed income depends upon our membership, and as we 
have now about 238 members our income should be about $238 
per year, leaving us about $200 after paying our rent. This sum 
has been increased by contributions, so that the Treasurer's last 
report showed that the balance on hand in 1890 had not been 
materially decreased by our work during the year. 

In order to keep our standing with other societies of like 
character, we must print our collections so as to exchange and 
get the benefit of as wide a circle of historical work as possible. 
To meet this the Curators voted to publish a quarterly, such as 
the Society can maintain. 

The character and needs of our work find expression in 
further quoting from the annual reports of the President and 
Corresponding Secretary, "During the past few years we have 
realized more fully than ever before that true historical study and 
investigation do not deal principally with battles and political 
struggles, but with the people themselves, their mode of living, 
impelling principles and gradual development, as influenced by 
their environment. This is the true philosophy of history. . . . 
Hyde Park now has a population of about 10,268. It has 
churches, schools, a Public Library, literary and other societies 
in large numbers, and it should have a Historical Society, with a 
library where its members can, and any citizens may, examine any 
historical subject fully, without being obliged to go to neighboring 
cities or towns. In any matter where close research is desired, 
Hyde Park should offer as good advantages as other places. 

It has been our duty to preserve all current items of local 
history, so that the future historian of the town may have 
abundant and accurate material from which to draw. As our 
library increases in size and value it is apparent that at some 
time in the near future larger and better accommodations will be 
necessary, and, knowing the usual energy of our townspeople, we 
confidently believe that when this need becomes apparent, proper 
and convenient rooms, or a building especially adapted to our use, 
will be forthcoming." At our October meeting a very interesting 



Hvde Park Births. 



15 



paper was read by Hon. Erastus Worthington of Dedham, upon 
"TJie Indian Villages at Natick." This was of so much interest 
that the Society voted to have copies printed for exchange. At 
a meeting held in February, 1891, the Society had a double 
pleasure, — a donation by S. R. Moseley, Alfred Foster, Henry 
A. Rich and Charles J. Page, of an oil portrait of Alpheus R 
Blake, the founder of the town, and a very interesting address 
upon Pemaquid and Monhegan, by Hon. Charles Levi Woodbury 
of Boston. This address was rich in early and obscure colonial 
history, and we are pleased to be able to publish it in full in our 
quarterly. 



HYDE PARK BIRTHS. 

COMMUNICATED BY EDWIN C. JENNEY. 
1868. 

Jan. 8. Catherine Sweeney, d. of Patrick and Catherine, both b. 

Ireland. 
" 9. Harden Harlow Henderson, s. Alfred and Mary, both b. 

Augusta, Me. 
" 15. James Dolan, s. Thomas 2d, b. Ireland, and Catherine, b. 

Mass. 

" 16. Fannie Mary Darling, d. Henry A., b. Rowe, and Mary 

M., b. Bernardson. 
" 16. Jennie E. Adler, d. Leonard, b. Germany, and Catherine, 

b. Switzerland. 
" 24. Bertha E. Thompson, d. Benjamin F., b. Lee, N. H., and 

Euphrasia G., b. Derby, Vt. 
Feb. I. Annie A. Williams, d. Jotham D., b. Maine, and Emma 

A., b. Orland, Me. 
" Andrews, d. Pierce J., b. England, and Lucy P., b. 

Exeter, N. H. 
" 10. David Hickey, s. David and Ann, both b. Ireland. 
" 15. Jeremiah Harrington, s. Patrick J. and Mary B., both b. 

Ireland. 
" 22. Margaret Hanson, d. Henry, b. Rochester, N. Y., and 

Fannie D., b. Ireland. 
" 23. Albert I. Matherson, s. Alpheus, b. Smithfield, R. I., and 

Phoebe C, b. E. Greenwich, R. I. 
" 24. Sarah A. Phelan, d. George, b. New Brunswick, and 

Mary C, b. Eastport, Me. 
Mar. 2. Caroline F. Meede, d. Garrot and Mary C, both b. Ireland. 



1 6 Hyde Park Births. 

Mar. 2. Mary F. H. Safford, d. Horace S., b. Augusta, Me., and 

Mary S., b. England. 
" 5. Margaret J. Munger, (b. Lawrence), d. John and 

Margaret, both b. Ireland. 
" 5. Raynes (died very young), s. Horatio G. and 

E:iizabeth H., both b. Deer fsland, Me. 
" 7. Dennis E. Callahan, s. Dennis, b. Ireland, and Esther 

(Fitzgerald), b. Nova Scotia. 
" 8. John Concannon, s. Patrick and Bridget, both b. Ireland. 
" 8. Florence G. Gilling (b. Charlestown), d. Thomas H., b. 

Boston, and Sarah A. B., b. Shrewsbury. 
" 8. Harriet I. Whittier, d. Albert R., b. Munroe, Me., and 

Caroline A., b. Boston. • 

" 14. Emma Meister (b. Oxford), d. Gustavus A. and Caroline 

S., both b. Germany. 
" 23. Maria Jane Rooney, d. Andrew D. and Mary E., both b. 

Ireland. 
" 25. Frank R. Heustis, s. Charles R, b. Westmoreland, and 

Charlotte F., b. Boston. 
" 26. Wallace I. Neal, s. Andrew B., b. Exeter, Me., and 

Patience S., b. Bath, Me. 
" 27. Margaret I. Parker, d. George, b. Scotland, and Margaret 

J., b. New York. 
April I. Grace D. Underbill, d. Merrill, b. Marshfield, Vt., and 

Lois Ann, b. Belgrade, Me. 
" 12. Mary Jane Holland, d. Michael and Mary Jane, both b. 

Ireland. 
May 2. Ida Frances Harrington (b. Connecticut), d. Daniel F., b. 

, and Abbie F., b. Mass. 

" 2. Catherine Maloney (Mahoney), d. Florence and Bridget, 

both b. Ireland. 

" 2. Burke, d. Anthony and Mary, both b. Ireland. 

" 18. Albion M. M. Soule, s. John A., b. Bath, Me., and Sarah 

(Moore), b. Bristol, N. H. 

Long, d. W. D. Long, b. Scotland. 

" 30. John Matthewson (b. Dunstable), s. Donald and Ellen B. 

both b. P. E. I. 
June I. Mary Jane Riley, d. John and Bridget, both b. Ireland. 
" 5. Carrie Edith Keyes, (b. E. Douglass), d. Charles G., b. 

Berlin, and Juliet A., b. E. Douglass. 
" 5. Ellen Gertrude Hill, d. John R, b.^ England, and Ellen 

L., b. Boston. 
" 5. Herbert E. Noble, s. Mark E., b. Augusta, Me., and 

Mary H., b. Bath, Me. 
" 6. Anna T. Reardon, d. Patrick and Sybil, both b. Ireland. 
'* 7. George E. Bancroft, s. David C, b. Philadelphia, and 

Lydia A., b. Taunton. 

[to be continued.] 



HYDE PARK STEAM LAUNDRY. 

OPPOSITE N. Y. & N. E. DEPOT. 



Positively no Lime, Acids or W.asliiag Compounds Used. 

Collars and Cuffs a Specialty. 

L.. • 7VT. • eiOKF^ORO. 

HYDE PARK AGENCY" 

buttf:rick'S patterns, 

lewando's french dye house. 

hyde park steam laundry, 

demorest sewing machines. 



C. S. DAVIS ^ CO., 

NEPONSET BLOCK, - - HYDE PARK. 

Counsellor-at-Law. 

ROOMS ^ ANO 3, BANK BUIIaDING, 

HYDE PARK, 

Residence, 27 Albion St. • 

K. G. OHIl-DS, 

DEALER IN 

DRUGS, MEDICINES AND CHEMICALS, 

FANCY AND TOILET ARTICLES, 

Spona:es, Brushes, Perfumery, etc. 

Choice Domestic and Imported Cigars. 

Physicians' Prescriptions carefully compounded. 

30 FAIRMOUNT AVE. HYDE PARK, MASS. 



^f>^ 4The Hyde Park 

HISTORICAL RECORD. 



Vol. I. JULY, 1891. No. 2. 



CONTENTS: 

Frontispiece, Henry Grew - - - - Facing page 17 

Henry Grew --------- 17 

Pemaquid and Monhegan (Continued), Ckas. Levi Woodbury, 20 

Matilda Whiting Vose, C. F.Jenney, - - - - 26 

A Reminiscence of Gordon H. Nott, Orin T. Gray - 30 

Proceedings of the Historical Society - - - 31 

Necrology, Charles G. Chick 32 

Hyde Park Births (Continued), Eizym C y^ww^i^ - - 33 



PUBLISHED BY THE 

HYDE PARK HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

HYDE PARK, MASS. 



THE 



HYDE PARK HISTORICAL RECORD. 

VOL. I. JULY, 1891. No. 2. 



HENRY GREW. 

Henry Grew was born in Boston, May 30, 1808. In boyhood 
he was a pupil at the gymnasium of the famous Dr. Francis 
Lieber, at Phillips Academy, Andover, and was also a student 
under Warren Colburn, whose mathematical works still perpet- 
uate his memory. At sixteen years of age, he left school and 
entered the store, in Boston, of James Read, then an extensive 
importer of dry goods. The village of Readville in Hyde Park 
was named in honor of Mr. Read, who was largely interested in 
the cotton mill there situated. In 1830, Mr. Grew became 
interested in business for himself, but finally retired from active 
participation therein in 1845. 

In a letter to the writer he thus refers to his first visit to what 
is now Hyde Park: "In the summer of 1845, I was boarding at 
Jamaica Plain. A holiday excursion carried my wife, children 
and myself to Dorchester for the day. We stopped in the woods 
about half a mile from where I now reside, and, strolling about, 
unexpectedly I came to a point where I was much pleased with 
the view of the Blue Hills and the valley between. I saw a farm- 
house and went to it and inquired if it was for sale. The result 
was a purchase of several acres of land, and on the first day of 
May, 1847, I moved to Dorchester (now Hyde Park). I then 
built my present residence, and moved into it, August i, 1847." 

An interesting extract, from an address delivered by Mr. Grew 
in 1872, describing our territory as it was in 1847, may be found 
in Hurd's History of Norfolk County (1884), page 896, and in the 
Memorial Sketch of Hyde Park (1888), page 12. 



1 8 Henry Grew. 

The place chosen for a residence had been known as the Noah 
VVithington Estate, and prior to the Withington ownership was 
the property of a man named Luke Trott. The old Withington 
or Trott house stood on the site of the barn near where Michael 
Kiggen now resides. Mr. Grew designates his sightly residence 
as "Woodlands," and from the hillside upon which it stands is 
a charming view of Hyde Park nestling in the valley of the 
Neponset, and covering the westerly slope of Fairmount, and of 
Milton with its famous Blue Hills. From time to time he has 
added to his extensive domain until it now includes nearly all 
the several hundred acres known as "Grew's Woods." This land 
constitutes a very beautiful natural park, and has been thrown 
open by its owner for use by the public, he having, at his own 
expense, repaired the roads leading through it and bridged the 
streams. 

Mr. Grew has always taken a lively interest in local m.atters, 
and was chairman of the first Board of Selectmen of Hyde Park. 
He was a member of that Board for the first two years of the 
town and served a third term in 1873-74. P'or many years he has 
been one of the Commissioners of the Sinking P^und. He has 
been interested in the religious growth of the town, and has paid 
particular attention to its educational interests. Our largest 
school bears his name. He was one of the original members 
of the Hyde Park Historical Society and has been one of its 
vice-presidents ever since its organization. 

Long past the three score and ten years said to be allotted to 
man, the subject of our sketch is still vigorous and hale. Since 
his eightieth birthday he has crossed the continent and visited 
Alaska. No form is better known upon our streets than his, and 
he is one of our most venerated citizens. 

The name is worthily perpetuated in our midst, two sons, 
Henry S. and Edward S. Grew, being well-known and esteemed 
residents. 

Mr. Grew's father was a Boston merchant, and his mother, 
Ann Greene, daughter of Benjamin Greene, of Boston, was a 
descendant of John Greene, a "contemporary and associate 
with Roger Williams in the early days of Rhode Island 
history." 

A brief genealogy of the Grew family may be of interest, 
and is of value because it relates to a name that will be familiar 



Heiity Grew. 19 

to our citizens long after the present generation has passed 
away. 

1. John Grew of Birmingham, Eng., landed in Boston, July 8, 
1795. He married Mary Coltman, of Leicester, Eng., June 24, 
1777, and died in Liverpool, Eng., Jan. 23, 1800. His widow died 
in Boston, July 25, 1834, aged 78 years. Their children were: 

2. i, Mary Grew,^ born in Birmingham, Eng., Oct. 4, 1778, 
married March 12, 1803, Benjamin Greene of Boston, and 
died in Boston, Dec. 23, 181 7. 

3. ii, John Grew,^ born in Birmingham, Eng., Aug. 15, 
1780. 

4. iii, Henry Grew,^ born Dec. 25, 1781, married June 
24, 1802, Susan Pitman of Providence, R.I., died in Phila- 
delphia, 1862. 

5. iv, Charles Grew,^ born Feb. 14, 1784, died in Boston, 
Oct. 12, 1803. 

6. V, Ann Grew,^ born May 6, 1786, married June 5, 
1813, Seth Terry of Hartford, Conn., died Oct. 22, 1835. 
(See Terry Genealogy (1887) for list of their descendants.) 

7. vi, Elizabeth Grew,^ born April 2, 1798, died in 
Hartford, Conn., Sept. 17, 1822. 

2. John Grew- (John ■) born Birmingham, Eng., Aug. 15, 1780, 
married Oct. 21, 1805, Ann Greene of Boston. He died in 
Boston, Sept. 21, 1821. Their children were : 

8. i, John Grew,^ born Oct. 29, 1805, died Sept. 21, 1821. 

9. ii, Henry Grew,^ born May 30, 1808 (the subject of 
this sketch). 

10. iii, Charles Grcw,^ born March 18, 1810, died March, 
1832. 

11. iv, Ann Grew,^ born July 24, 1812, married James 
C. Alvord, and is now living. 

12. V, Edward Grew,^ born Aug. 18, 18 14, died March 
II, 1842. 



20 Pemaqiiid and Monhegan. 



PEMAOUID AND MONHEGAN. 

BY CHARLES LEVI WOODBURY. 
[continued from page 8.] 

Here let mc interject ! Weymouth had kidnapped and 
carried off some Indians to England, where Sir Fernando Gorges 
got two of them, and, when they knew enough English, drew 
from them a knowledge of the country, the tribes and their 
power, etc., which was of great benefit in the future. One of 
these, Skitwares, found his way back to the Bashaba ; another 
had come with the expedition as interpreter, and their intercourse 
was easy, and became very friendly ; another, Saggamore 
Nahandu, had also been in England. It was clear the beaver 
trade was good and profitable. The Indians east of the Penobscot 
were called Tarrantines, were enemies of the Bashaba, and held 
rather to the French. 

In the autumn of 1608, the settlement at the Kennebec broke 
up and most of the settlers returned to England, but that did 
not close business operations. Sir Francis Popham, Gorges and 
others continued in the trade, and running the remarkably fine 
fishing, which the waters from Cape Newwagen to Pemaquid and 
to Monhegan afforded. Hither also the South Virginia Company 
soon sent vessels every year to fish for their own supply. In 
1609, Zuringu notes one ship and a tender sailing for North 
Virginia, probably Sir Francis Popham's. The coast and trade 
were thoroughly explored on each side. Champlain's journals and 
maps were published in France in 161 1, Lescarbot's history in 
1609, and Martyn Pryng's admirable researches of 1606, and maps, 
were fully known to the North Virginia Company adventurers. 

In 1610, Captain Argal, from Virginia, fished on the coast, in 
latitude 43" 40'. Another ship, his companion, was also on this 
coast. 

In 161 1, two captains, Harlie and Hobson, sailed for this 
coast from England. In this year the French visited the aban- 
doned settlement of Popham at Fort St. George twice, under M. 
de Biencourt from Port Royal. Father Biard states they found 
some English sloops fishing, but did not attack them. The first 
collision took place this year, when a French vessel under 
Captain Platrief was captured by two English vessels, near 



Pemaquid aud Monhegnn. 21 

Emmetonic, an island about eight leagues from the Kennebec. 
These vessels were probably those of Mr. Williams, Popham's 
agent, and may have been those of Captains Hobson and Harlie. 

161 2. Williams is stated to have been on the coast this year 
also. 

16 1 3. The French had made a settlement at Mount Desert. 
Captain Argal, who was fishing from Virginia about Monhegan, 
heard of it and ran down, captured their vessels and many of the 
settlers, including Father Biard, broke up the plantation and took 
his prizes to Virginia. 

1614. Argal also attacked the French settlement at Fort 
Royal. There was a resolute spirit astir under each flag. 
Perhaps its sole inducement was glory, but the value of the 
fishery and of the fur trade was practically held out to those 
who came the best armed and the best manned to partake in its 
profits. Neither side was disposed to invite the public into their 
confidence ; it was too good a thing to be thrown open. 

In 1614, John Smith came out with two vessels for trade, fish 
and whaling ; also Captain Hobson was here with an interpreter ; 
and in the fall Sir Richard Hawkins and two vessels came out to 
try the winter fishing and trade. They all came to Monhegan, 
and Captain Smith says that at Pemaquid, opposite him, was a 
ship of Sir Francis Popham that had traded there for several 
years. Smith states that he learned two P'rench ships were 
trading about the Merrimack and that he did not go in sight of 
them, — judicious navigator ! 

Smith had the weakness of literature. He wrote well, and 
when he returned he wrote and published. Thus, what with him 
and Champlain, the trade secrets and profits of this coast were 
opened to the public, and a new era soon set in. 

There was another effective cause also, which was the most 
important stimulus to the making of permanent settlements. 

THE WINTER FISHERY. 

The course of the English fishermen had been to leave home 
in January and reach Monhegan, or Damrel's Cove, in March, set 
up their stages and begin fishing. By June their fish were caught 
and by August or September dried, so that they could sail for 
Spain and obtain an early market. They brought out double 
crews, forty to sixty men, thus speeding their fishing. It 



22 Pemaquid iiiiii M<)iihtViin. 

transpired that the winter fishing was the best in quantity and 
quality. As the adventurers were business people with an eye 
to profit, good grounds were opened to them for permanent 
establishments about these charmed fishing grounds, from Cape 
Newwagen and Damrel's Cove Islands to Pemaquid, and off shore 
to Monhegan, — where all the English fishing then was carried 
on. Sir Richard Hawkins was president of the North Virginia 
Council, and with his two ships wintered here, but in which harbor 
is now unknown, caught cargo for both ships, and sailed the 
following spring,^ one ship for Spain, the other for Virginia. 
It was a success. 

It is difficult to say how many vessels were yearly here before 
this, but Smith states he had si.x or seven maps given him before 
he sailed, which shows they were more numerous than have been 
recorded. The vessels anchored in harbors, built stages, fish- 
houses and flakes on shore, and sent out their crews in small 
boats daily to fish. Their fares were then brought to the stages, 
cleaned, salted and dried there, and shipped when ready for 
market. With the winter fishery the stages and small boats 
could be occupied all the year round, and the half crew left there 
be earning instead of lying idle. 

Pemaquid was the best place for the fur trade, because of its 
proximity to the Bashaba ; also it could in a great degree 
command the fur trade of the Kennebec. There is every reason 
to suppose that Sir Francis Popham's people built some block- 
house or trade station there, as he had traded there for several 
years, but no statement of the fact has come down to us. 

In 1615, Smith states that four or five ships from London, — 
one sent by Sir Prances Gorges from Plymouth, and two under his 
command — sailed for Monhegan. Smith was captured in one of 
them by the French. How many came fishing from Virginia 
we do not learn. Smith wrote his book this year, and it was 
published in 1616. He was reproached bitterly for disclosing the 
secrets of the country. This publication gave impetus to the 
voluntary fishermen, not connected with the great companies, to 
come here and try their fortunes. In this year the Dutch sloop 
Restless, built at New York in 161 1 by Adrian Block, came 
as far as the Penobscot on a trading voyage. Her captain, 
Hendricson, made a map of the coast. 

The first vessel built in the country was the Virginia, built 



Pemaquid and Mouhegan. 23 

1607-08, at the Kennebec settlement ; the Restless was the next. 
Of course pinnaces had been taken out by fishermen and set up 
after arriving here, but these two were actually built here. 

SETTLEMENT. 

The contingencies of trade and the fishery were now devel- 
oping the original purpose of the North Virginia Company. Sir 
Francis Popham's trading headquarters had been all this time at 
Pemaquid, as both Smith and Gorges state. 

Sir P^ernando Gorges now took up the matter of wintering 
there. Let me cite his own language, " I bought a ship for 
fishing and trade. I sent Vines and others, my own servants, 
with their provision, for trade and discovery, appointing them to 
leave the ship and ship's company for to follow their business in 
the usual place. By these, and by the help of the natives formerly 
sent over, I came to be truly informed of so much as gave me the 
assurance that in time I should want no undertakers, though, as 
yet, I was forced to hire men to stay there the winter quarter at 
extreme rates, and not without danger; for that the war had 
consumed the Bashaba," (and the plague, etc.), " notwithstanding 
Vines and the rest with him that lay in the cabins with the people 
that died, some more or less mightily, not one of them ever felt 
their heads to ache, and this course I held some years together." 

This appears to make it clear that Pemaquid was occupied 
for trade purposes from the departure of the Popham-Gilbert 
Colony from the Kennebec in 1608, and at an early date per- 
manently, with a view of establishing English settlements on 
the main land of the grant. Some writers say that it was at Saco 
that Vines with his men lay, during the winter of 1617-18. This 
plague raged about three years, killing nine-tenths of the Indians 
living between the Penobscot and Cape Cod. 

In 1619, Captain Rowcroft left three men at Saco, who made 
their way eastward and crossed to Monhegan, where they were 
found in the spring. They must have had a boat, and probably 
the reason why they crossed from Pemaquid or Cape Ncwwagen 
was to join winter fishermen remaining there. 

In 1616, Smith states four ships of London and two of 
Plymouth and Sir Richard Hawkins were again in these waters. 
He does not give the vessels from South Virginia. Vines also 
came in command of a ship. 



24 Pemaquid and Man began. 

In 1617, eight tall ships came there from England. 

In 1618, six or seven volunteer shij)s came from the west of 
England, and those of the two companies. " Captain Rowcroft 
also seized a Erench barque. Smith also states that in 1614, 1616 
and 1617 he was prepared with ten or fifteen men to stay in the 
country, but his purposes were defeated. In 1619, he says one 
went from the West, those of London not stated. 

In 1620, six or seven sail went from the west country, those of 
London not stated. 

The prospect of establishing settlements was so flattering that 
early in this year the company applied for a new charter, obtained 
a warrant therefor, and the charter passed the Great Seal, 
November, 1620, creating them the Great Council of Plymouth, 
with boundaries from north latitude 40" to 48", and powers of 
government, title to the lands, and also giving them a monopoly 
of the trade and the fishery. Before I pass to this charter I will 
continue the preceding subject. 

In 1619, Gorges sent out Captain Dermer, who was to have 
met Captain Rowcroft, but found he was gone. Dermer took his 
pinnace and, with an interpreter, coasted as far as Virginia. 

In 1620, he visited the harbor where the Pilgrims arrived in 
the following December. Captain Pryng had called it, in 1603, 
Mount Aldworth ; Champlain, in 1605, had named it Ijay St. 
Louis, but the Pilgrim settlers called it New Plymouth. Dermer 
went from here with his interpreter and squaw to a distance into 
the interior, and rescued from the savages two P^renchmen who 
had been shipwrecked in a French barque some time before. 
" Mourt's Relation" states that the Pilgrims, when on Cape Cod, 
found one or two plank houses. Possibly these were of the 
South Virginia attempts to establish their cod fishery. 

This new monopoly, the Great Council of Plymouth, caused 
a great row. The South Virginia Company fought it in par- 
liament, claimed they, too, spent ;^5ooo in establishing their 
fishery on the east coast, and were now cut off by this grant. 
The voluntary fishermen fought it, both in parliament and on the 
coast, as a monopoly. Gorges defended the charter bravely. The 
House of Commons was against him, but the king and the House 
of Lords were for him, and the charter stood. The Pilgrims 
had a charter from Virginia, but their settlement was in the New 
England jurisdiction. Gorges obtained a charter for them here 



Peiiiiiquiii athl Monhegan. 25 

and helped them. But this branch of history is not within the 
scope of this discourse. 

The French ambassador also objected to the king against this 
charter, as an infringement on the territory of the French. The 
question whether it should be New England or New France was 
pressed with renewed vigor. 

Pemaquid became now the forefront of our array. A force 
of 1500 to 3000 armed fishermen, hanging on its flanks half the 
year, was more than ever impenetrable and imposing. The great 
profits of the fishing for all the round season drew settlements 
at convenient points. The Isles of Shoals, the Piscataqua, Saco, 
Casco, Monhegan and the Damrel's Cove Islands, even also Cape 
Ann, felt the balmy influence of profit and protection, and rallied 
settlers behind the overshadowing eyes of Pemaquid and Mon- 
hegan. Plymouth was not a good fishing place, nor was the 
Massachusetts, but on the eastern coast the fishermen rallied. 

The younger Gorges came out governor for New England in 
1623, and visited Pemaquid, but the council at home gave up the 
fishing monopoly and the voluiitary fishermen thrived. I must 
not cumber you with details. The ships came to Monhegan or 
the Isles of Shoals and sent up to the bay in their pinnaces the 
passengers and freight due there. Those who wished to go to 
England generally sailed "down East" and took shipping there. 
For trade goods and fishing prior to 1630 Pemaquid was without 
an equal on the coast. The petition of the inhabitants there in 
1684, to the Duke of York, concludes: "and that Pemaquid may 
still remain metropolis of these parts, because it ever have been 
so before Boston was settled." Grants were made at Pemaquid 
and Monhegan as early as 1623 surely ; the E^arl Arundel had this 
section assigned as his dividend in 1622, and Abram Jennings 
of Plymouth, who was then a member of the council, we 
recognize in 1626 as selling out his great trading establishment 
at Monhegan, and a flock of goats, which the Pilgrims and Mr. 
Thompson of Piscataqua came down and bought between them, 
also some £800 of goods. 

We find Pierce with a patent of strange origin at Pemaquid, 
also Brown earlier than 1625, the latter rejoicing in a title deed 
from Captain John Somerset, the chief of that ilk, him whom the 
Pilgrims called " Samoset," who welcomed them in English and 
introduced them to one of Gorges' Indians, Tisquantum or 



26 ^ Pemaqiiid and Mon}?egau. 

Squanto, who was afterwards their interpreter and diplomat for 

years among their neighbor tribes. There is no need to dwell on 

the land titles of Aldworth, Elbridge and Shurtz. There was a 

mechanic and farming population here, workers of iron, makers 

of clay pipes, tanners, shipwrights, adjunct to the fur traders and 

"ye fishermen," but the place being free had no archives. Mr. 

Shurtz, the Justice of Peace, appears to have been the total of 

government, unless they had also a town meeting. The Pilgrims, 

when starved near to death in 1622, saw a shallop come into the 

harbor which they feared was a French man of war. She proved 

to be from Damrel's Cove Islands. They followed her back in 

their own boat and got provisions from the generous fishermen 

to supply their needs. They had, states Bradford, the further 

benefit of finding their way there for future use. They came 

again in 1623, and when their boat was stove and sunk at 

Damrel's Cove Islands in 1624, the jolly fishermen joined in 

raising and repairing her for them. We infer that these voluntary 

fishermen were neither Brownists nor Puritans, as Phineas Pratt 

in his narrative states he arrived at these islands in 1622, and 

found that " the fishermen had set up a Maypole and were very 

merry." The Plymouth people soon set up a trade there and at 

the Kennebec, and supported their colony by its profits. They 

owed something to the merry fishermen as well as to Sir 

Fernando Gorges. 

[to be continued.] 



MATILDA (WHITING) VOSE. 

BY CHARLES F. JENNEY. 

The subject of this sketch deserves more than passing notice, 
even though full biographical sketches have already appeared in 
the local and city press. She was our oldest resident, and few, 
if any, now living in the county, had reached such advanced years. 

Matilda Whiting was born in Greenlodge, Dedham, July 17, 
1788, married Jesse Vose of Milton, February 15, 1807, and died 
in Hyde Park, February 25, 1891, at the advanced age of 102 
years and seven months. She was a daughter of Joshua and 
Mary (Ellis) Whiting, and a descendant of Nathaniel Whiting, 



Matilda iVbitiiig t^ose. 27 

who joined the church at Dedham July 30, 1641, was admitted a 
freeman of that town May 18, 1642, and married Hannah Dwight, 
November 4, 1643, in the following line : Samuel, son of 
Nathaniel and Hannah (Dwight) Whiting, was born December 
20, 1649, married Sarah Metcalf, November 23, 1676, and died 
December 4, 1727. Jeremiah, son of Samuel and Sarah (Metcalf) 
Whiting, was born April 12, 1695, married Ruth Wells, Novem- 
ber 13, 1 7 17, and died February i, 1774. Joshua, son of 
Jeremiah and Ruth (Wells) Whiting, was born about September, 
1729 (baptized September 21, 1729), married Elizabeth Pond, 
August 5, 1756, and died October 3, 1780. Joshua, son of Joshua 
and Elizabeth (Pond) Whiting, was born February 21, 1758, 
married Mary Ellis, March 16, 1783, and died May 7, 1842. Mrs. 
Vose was thus connected with many of the oldest and most 
respected families of Dedham. 

Three of her children still survive her, and two of these, Mary 
E. and Sarah M. Vose, reside in Hyde Park. The late Benjamin 
C. Vose, who will long be remembered and cherished, was her 
son. 

June I, 1719, Jeremiah Whiting, the great-grandfather of the 
subject of this sketch, with four others, bought a large tract at 
Greenlodge, now a part of Dedham, but then in Dorchester. 
By deed dated July 26, 1720, a partition was made of this land, 
and upon the parcel granted to Jeremiah Whiting he soon after 
built the house, still standing, in which Mrs. Vose was born. 
After her marriage she resided on the Brush Hill road in Milton 
until November, 1861, when she made her home in what is now 
Hyde Park, and there resided until her death. 

During her lifetime took place the inauguration of all the 
presidents, and but three of them survive her. She had a vivid 
recollection of the wars in which her country has been engaged 
since the revolution. A girl of eleven at the time, she well 
remembered the death of Washington. Fulton's steamboat made 
its first voyage the year of her marriage, and when the first 
telegraphic message flashed over the wires, she had passed the 
half-century milestone. More than threescore and ten years of 
her life had passed away when the bonds were struck from the 
slave. She was a witness of the wonderful development of 
electricity from the crude experiments of the eighteenth 
century to the marvellous achievements of the present day. 



28 ' Matilda Wbiti)ig l^ose. 

HYDE PARK IN I788. 

It is interesting to glance for an instant at the condition, at 
the time of tlic birth of Mrs. Vosc, of the territory of wliat is now 
Hyde Parlv, and to note the marvellous change that has there 
taken place. It has been stated that this region was then a wil- 
derness, but that is far from the truth. Although sparsely 
settled, it had long been a farming community. It is possible to 
tell with considerable exactitude the location of the dwellings 
then standing, and the owners of the same. At that time, what 
are now known as River street, Milton street (from Paul's Bridge 
to Sprague street), Sprague street, Readville street, Wood avenue 
and a private way very near where West street now is, were all 
the streets in existence. 

On the part of Sprague street within our limits there were 
no buildings. On the northerly side of Milton street stood the 
residence of Ebenezer Paul, on or near the site of the house now 
owned by Dennis Mahoney ; and also that of William Badlam. 
This latter house was probably occupied by said Badlam and his 
son Lemuel, and is supposed to be the house now owned by 
Pertia W. Aldrich. At that time, or very soon after, a small 
school-house stood at the corner of Sprague and Milton streets, 
for, in 1787, land there was conveyed for that purpose, and we 
know from other evidence that a school-house was there at a later 
period. Near this school-house was the residence of Jonathan 
Damon, standing at the corner of Readville street, and now well 
known as the Bullard Estate. On Readville street, near the 
present Damon school, was the dwelling of John Damon. All 
these were in Dedham. 

No house is known to have been in existence on River 
street from the present Dedham line northerly, until the resi- 
dence of Abel Ellis was reached. This was on the westerly side 
of River street near Ellis street, and was in Dorchester. Next 
northerly and upon the same side of River street, was the Howe 
homestead standing near the residence of Charles L. Alden. 
This estate was in Dedham, and about this time was owned and 
occupied by Thomas Howe and Thomas Howe, Jr. This house 
has been standing within the memory of many now living. 
Nathaniel Wctherby lived very near the northerly corner of 
River and Cleveland streets. His house and all the residences 
hereafter mentioned were in Dorchester. Jeremiah Mcintosh's 



Matilda IVhiting ^ose. 29 

house stood where Miles and Morrison's store now is. A house 
now standing on the northerly side of Barry street is believed 
to be the same then owned by Mr. Mcintosh. There were no 
other dwellings until what has since been known as the Jones 
house, standing at the corner of River and Webster streets, was 
reached. This estate was formerly the property of the Merrifield 
family, but was, in 1788, owned by Increase Sumner of Roxbury, 
and occupied by tenants. It is believed that there was also a 
house on the west side of River street and between Lincoln and 
West streets, the property of Ebenezer Trescott. There cer- 
tainly was a house there in 1798. Next came the present 
Greenwood house, then owned and occupied by Lemuel Crane, 
a prominent citizen of Dorchester. Very near the present Butler 
School was the residence of George Merrifield, standing on land 
owned by the town of Dorchester. A small school-house stood 
about where the Butler School now is (see anW, page 9). 

There was no mill upon the present location of the paper 
mill, but a little southerly of the present mill stood paper and 
chocolate mills, and upon the Milton side of the stream a saw 
mill. The paper mill was the property of William Sumner, 
Patrick Connor and Richard Clark. The chocolate mill was 
owned by the same persons and was at that time occupied by Dr. 
James Baker, who founded the extensive business now carried on 
at Milton Lower Mills under the name of Walter Baker & Co. The 
saw mill was the property of Col. Josiah Hayden, and was not within 
our territory. Near the paper mill stood a low, old-fashioned house, 
now standing under magnificent elms, and owned by Mr. Roundy. 
This, it is supposed, was then occupied by George Clarke and 
Richard, his son. The Sumner house was not then in existence, 
but opposite the present paper mill stood a house owned by 
William Sumner. At the corner of Wood avenue and River 
street, near the residence of Hiram J. Townsend, was the old 
Trescott place, then belonging to and occupied by the heirs of 
John Trescott. Just beyond the River street station, and 
upon the south side of River street were buildings owned 
by James Boies of Milton. Near what is now West street, 
upon the present Grew Estate, was the residence of Luke 
Trott, and upon the southerly side of Wood avenue there 
was, as late as 1764, a small house known as the Birch House, and 
at that time owned by Ebenezer Boardman. It is not known 



30 A Reminiscence of Gordon H. Nott. 

whether this was standing as late as 1788. The Fairmount 
district was wholly unoccupied. In all, there were probably two 
school-houses, two manufacturing establishments and seventeen 
or eiirhteen dwelling's. 




OLD WHITING HOUSE, GREENLODGE. 



A REMINISCENCE OF GORDON H. NOTT. 

BY ORIN T. GRAY. 

The writer remembers an amusing incident in which Gordon 
H. Nott, then one of the most prominent citizens of the new 
town, but who is now a resident of Chicago, was the actor. In 
the early autumn of 1868, having occasion to go to Boston on the 
first train in the morning, as the writer came up Summer street 
into Gordon avenue, he observed Mr. Nott dressed in a peculiar 
negligee costume, wearing a summer hat which had lost the 
better portion of its straw crown, trotting along the street in the 
peculiar manner habitual with himself, and finally stopping sud- 
denly and stooping at the base of one of the beautiful maple trees 
near where Gordon Hall was subsequently erected. Mr. Nott 
had brought a hand-saw along with him, and immediately 
commenced in a vigorous manner to saw across the butt of one of 
the most thrifty and beautiful trees on the avenue. The writer 
was amazed that anybody could commit such an act as the 
destruction of so beautiful a tree upon the street, and, in a voice 
little less than a yell, in which, doubtless, both surprise and 
indignation were blended, demanded to know why he was 



Proceedings of the Historical Society. 3' 

destroying that tree. Mr. Nott kept on sawing while he replied 
that the tree was dead, and he proposed to get it out of the way 
and set out a live one in its place. In language more emphatic 
than complimentary he was told that the tree was not only alive 
but one of the finest on the street. With a hasty glance into the 
foliage of the tree above him he discovered his mistake, and, with 
expressions about his absent-mindedness which were highly amus- 
ing but not adulatory, he quickly removed to the right tree, which 
was indeed dead, and which he started out to cut down, and begun 
to saw with vigor. The last words uttered by Mr. Nott, as the 
writer hurried to his train, were, "I would not have cut that tree 
down for one hundred dollars." 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

The two most notable events, since the April issue of the 
Record, were the celebration of the twenty-third anniversary of 
the incorporation of the town and the Field Day at Lexington. 

The former was appropriately observed April 30th, last, the 
anniversary of the first meeting of the new town, in Y. M. C. A. 
Hall. In the enforced absence of the President, Mr. Orin T. 
Gray presided. There was a large attendance of members and 
friends. The Corresponding Secretary, Charles F. Jenney, called 
the attention of the members to the work and growth of the 
Society, and urged the necessity of more commodious quarters. 
Alpheus P. Blake, of Boston, gave an interesting account of the 
inception and early stages of the present village. Hon. Charles 
F. Gerry, of Sudbury, related some interesting reminiscences of 
the early church and temperance work, and presented to the Society 
a number of interesting documents. Corresponding Secretary 
Julius H. Tuttle, of the Dedham Historical Society, and Sec- 
retary Frederic Endicott, of the Canton Historical Society, made 
brief remarks. There was also music, and readings by G. Fred 
Gridley and Dr. Charles Sturtevant. Refreshments were served 
at the close of the literary exercises. It was a most enjoyable 
occasion. Full reports will be found in the local papers. 

The Field Day at Lexington, June 17th, last, in connection 



32 Necrology. 

with the Dedham Historical Society, the Canton Historical 
Society and Dedham Camera Club, was both interesting and 
instructive. In spite of the very threatening weather, nineteen 
representatives of this Society were present. A special committee 
of the Lexington Historical Society accompanied the visiting 
party and pointed out the historic places and gave interesting 
accounts of them. A souvenir was prepared for the use of the 
party, giving the inscriptions on the tablets and monuments, 
marking historic buildings and sites, and other valuable informa- 
tion. The thanks of the Society are most gratefully tendered 
to the Lexington Society for the hospitality so generously 
extended by its committee. The very interesting account of the 
trip published in the local papers was written by Mrs. Charles 
S. Norris. 



NECROLOGY OF THE HYDE PARK HISTORICAL 

SOCIETY. 

Under this title, it is proposed to print notices of all deceased 
members of the Society. These sketches will necessarily be 
brief, but all facts gathered and not printed will be retained in 
the archives of the Society for future use and reference. This 
department is under the supervision of Charles G. Chick. 



Augustus Aspinwall Page, son of Edwin and Caroline M. 
Page, was born in Campton, Grafton County, N. H., June 6, 1840. 
When very young, his family moved to Brookline, Mass., where he 
was educated in the public schools. His father died when he was 
seven years old. In 1857, he entered the office of C. D. Head and 
T. H. Perkins, bankers and brokers on Devonshire street, Boston, 
where he remained twenty-one years. He then became a member 
of the firm of Hornblower & Page, brokers. State street, where he 
remained up to the time of his death, April 17, 1888. February 
28, 1879, he was elected a member of the Boston Stock Exchange. 
He came to Hyde Park, May, 1872. He was a member of the 
Hyde Park Associates, also a trustee of the Hyde Park Savings 
Bank. September 17, 1868, he married Mary E., daughter of 



Necrology. 33 

L. W. and D. Ellen Merrill. Of this union are two daughters, 
Mabel Augustus and Florence Gordon Page, 



William Thomas Hart, son of William and Emeline 
(Thayer) Hart was born in Foxboro, Mass., October 8, 1850, and 
was educated in the public schools of his native town. He taught 
school two years in Foxboro after the completion of his school 
course. He was then engaged for three years as book-keeper in 
the straw factory of that town. Mr. Hart then came to Dedham 
and held the position of Master in the Endicott and Oakdale School 
for seven years, at the end of which time he resigned to accept 
a position as Master of the West School in Milton, Mass. At 
this time he removed with his family to Hyde Park, where he 
made his home until February 15, 1889, the date of his decease. 
Mr. Hart was married at Grand Barrington, Mass., August i, 
I'ByS, to Miss Ella C. Hatch, daughter of Stephen L. and Mary 
(Couch) Hatch. He leaves two children, William Stephen, born 
June I, 1879, and Mary Delia, born August 16, 1887. Mr. Hart 
was a member of the Norfolk County Teachers' Association, 
holding the position of vice-president at his death. He was a 
member of the Baptist Church, both at Foxboro and Hyde Park, 
and was a member of the Hyde Park Historical Society and took 
a lively interest in its proceedings. 



HYDE PARK BIRTHS. 

COMMUNICATED BY EDWIN C. JENNEY. 

1868. 
[continued from page 15.] 

June 8. Louisa H. Ryan, d. Lyford, b. Linden, Vt., and Fannie 

L., b. Vinal Haven, Me. 
" 10. Julia McDonough, d. John and Julia, both b. Ireland. 
" 15. Mary Ann Haley, d. Patrick and Margaret G., both b. 

Ireland. 
" 15. Benjamin F. Radford, Jr., s. Benjamin F., b. Portland, 

Me., and Anna M., b. Stillwater, Me. 
" 17. George C. O'Malley, s. Coleman and Mary C, both b. 

Ireland. 



34 //!'</<' P'^rh Births. 

June 17. Lilian E. Rogers, d. William, b. Oxford, N. H., and 

Nancy R., b. Boston. 
" 19. William J. McGorman, s. William and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" 28. Florence H. Rowland, d. Stephen, b. Plymouth, and 

Anne E., b. Newport, R. I. 
" 29. Herbert Bates, s. Joseph C, b. Eastport, Me., and 

Harriet A., b. Portsmouth, N. H. 

j^ly — Rowell, d. James and Francina S. 

«■ — James McCabe, s. James and Catherine, both b. Ireland. 
" 4. James W. Schofield, s. Joseph A., b. England, and 

Hannah F., b. Ireland. 
" 4. Charles L. Edwards, s. Charles L. and Eleanor W., both 

b. England. 
" 6. George W. Brooks, s. William and Catherine C, both b. 

Ireland. 
" 7. Joseph Pearson, (b. England), s. George and Ellen S., 

both b. England. 
" 28. Frank L. Grant, s." Edward L., b. Rockingham, Vt., and 

Julia A. H., b. Livermore, Me. 
" 26. Hanora Wallace, d. Richard and Mary B., both b. Ireland. 
" 22. Margaret E. Thompson, d. Robert, b. New Brunswick, 

and Harriet A., b. England. 
" 21. Albert Smalley, s. John and Alice D., both b. England. 
" 21. John F. Putnam, s. William M., b. Boston, and Bertha F"., 

b. Sandwich. 
" 17. Marietta I. Hoogs, d. William H. and Hannah M., both 

b. Quebec. 
" 17. Alfred H. Smith (b. Brooklyn, N. Y.), s. Richmond, b. 

Little Falls, N. Y., and Eliza W., b. Washington, 111. 
Aug. 2. Charles ¥. Hubbard, (b. Charlestown), s. Harlem P., b. 

Deep River, Conn., and Adelia C, b. Philadelphia, Pa. 
" 7. John W. Smith (b. Fisherville, N. H.), s. William and 

Mary E. S., both b. England. 
" 7. Mary A. Cannon, d. Michael and Winnaford H., both b. 

Ireland. 
" 7. Mabel L. Williams, d. John M., b. New Castle, Me., and 

Abbie M., b. Ouincy. 
" 10, Arthur \i. Campbell, s. Josiah, b. New Brunswick, and 

Caroline W., b. Dixmont, Me. 
" II. Anna M. Fennell, d. William and Anna E., both b. 

Ireland. 
" 19. James Linsey, s. Isaac and Mary M., both b. p:ngland. 
« _ John F'. Bredt, s. Edward and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" 25. Thomas Nash, s. James and Eliza M., both b. Ireland. 
" 28. Annie A. Grant, d. William and Margaret D., both b. 

Scotland. 
"31. Joseph Henderson, s. William, b. Scotland, and Mary M., 
b. Ireland. 



Hyde Par/; Births. 35 

Sept. 5. Thomas Mullen, s. Thomas and Ann C, both b. Ireland. 
" 15. Edith Eleanor Foster, d. Alfred, b. Kingsclear, Eng., 

and Sarah E., (Brown), b. Deer Isle, Me. 
" 12. Ventres, s. William H. S., b. Haddam Corner, 

Conn., and Eliza M., b. Brookline. 
" 17. Joseph Hepburn (b. Dedham), s. James, b. Scotland, and 

Allace R, b. P. E. Island. 
" 10. Isabella Loftus, d. Michael and Johanna G., both b, 

Ireland. 
" 18. Ellen Sullivan, d. John, b. Boston, and Ann L., b. Ireland. 
" 25. Gertrude A. Collins, d. Edward W., b. Portland, Me., and 

Hannah E. (Leseur), b. Homer, N. Y. 
" 29. Anna E. Bradbury, d. Cotton C, b. York, Me., and Anna 

E., b. Milford, Conn. 
" 22. Elizabeth Henderson, d. Robert and Mary C, both b. 

Scotland. 
" — Mabel A. Thayer, d. Lucius M. and Antoinette E., both 

b. E. Douglass, parents' residence, Milford, Mass. 
Oct. I. Thomas ¥. Dolan, s. Thomas and Hannah H., both b. 

Ireland. 
" — Mary Ann Pierce, d. Abel M., b. Providence, and Mary R., 

b. , R. I. 

" 4. Mary A. Taft, d. Samuel and Charlotte E., both b. 

Uxbridge. 
" 7. Margaret Rafferty, d. Michael and Catherine ¥., both b. 

Ireland. 
" 12. Mabel Tupper, d. Albert, b. , and Alveretta W., b. 

Johnston, R. I. 
" 15. Elizabeth F. Piper, d. Samuel N., b. Walpole, and Abbie 

F., b. Warren, R. I. 
" 26. Mary Allen, d. Thomas and Ann F., both b. Ireland. 
" 27. John Barnwell, s. John and Mary N., both b. Ireland. 
" 27. Grace E. Lindall, d. George and Louisa W. 
Nov. 9. Ellen Duggan, d. Michael and Ann O., both b. Ireland, 
" 19. Jeremiah CorlDctt, s. Jeremiah, b. Ireland, and Ellen M., 

b. Stafford Springs, Conn. 
" 19. Lillie M. Hamilton, d. Edward P. and Sarah E., both b. 

Nova Scotia. 
" 27. Emma J. Sweetser, d. William S., b. Boston, and Almira 

E., b. , Vt. 

" 30. Mary E. O'Mealley, d. Michael and Eliza L., both b. 

Boston. 
Dec. I. Halliday, s. George W. and Lucinda B., both b. 

Boston. 
" I. Everett C. Angell, s. David, b. Deer Isle, Me., and 

Georgiana A., b. Sharon. 

" 8. Ingersoll, d. William H., b. Gloucester, and Susan 

A., b. Westport. 



36 Hvde Pnrk Birfh^. 

Dec. i6. Collins, d. Albert R., b. Providence, R. I., and 

Sarah S., b. Lansdale, R. I. 
" 19. Nathaniel S. Rogers, s. George A., b. England, and 

Susan P., b. Boston. 
"21. Wilkins, s. Andrew J., b. Carlisle, and Hannah B., 

b. Warner, N. H. 
" 25. Fanny Dillen, d. Henry T. and Anna T., both b. Ireland. 
" 25. George Kingston, s. Thomas and Bridget C, both b. 

Ireland. 
" 31. Connoly, s. James and Bridget C, both b. Ireland. 

1869. 

Jan. 8. Emma Otesse, d. Newell and Mary (Draent), both b. Canada. 

" 18. Pollen Condon, d. Daniel S. and Mary A., both b. Boston, 

" 20. Perley J. Whittemore, s. of Preston B., b. Foxboro, and 
Melinda C. (Loud), b. Cookshire, Canada. 

" 23. Florence May Enneking, d. John J., b. Munster, O., and 
Mary E. (P^lliot), b, Newport, Me. 

" 24. Louisa Virginia Ellis, d. Joseph D., b. P'^airhaven, and L. 
Virginia, b. Woodstock, Vt. 

" 26. Susan Cox, d. Hugh and Elizabeth (Plickcy), both b. 
Ireland. 

" 29. Michael Barrett, s. Patrick and Sarah (Smith), both b. 
Ireland. 

" 29. Laetitia A. Watson, d. William and Adelaide M., both b. 
England. 
Feb. 7. Frederick McGowan (b. Roxbury), s. Patrick and Mar- 
garet (O'Donnell), both b. Ireland. 

" 13. John Mahoney, s. Cornelius and Joanna (Maddock), both 
b. Ireland. 

" 25. Mary Jane Jackson, d. Thomas, b. Scotland, and Rosanna 
(Cooper), b. Ireland. 

" 28. Harriet Plorence Mayo (b. Roxbury), d. Charles PI. and 
Harriet N. (Parker), both b. Boston. 
Mar. 6. Julia Sweeney, d. Timothy and Catherine (Reagan), both 
b. Ireland. 

" 14. Emma Meister (b. North Oxford), d. Gustavus and Caro- 
line (Schneider), both b. Germany. 

" 14. Susanna P>ancis Cripps, d. Matthew A. and Mary (Ouinn), 
both b. New Brunswick. 

" 16. Thomas Rogers (b. West Roxbury), s. Michael, b. Ire- 
land, and Hannah (Cowell), b. Baltimore, Md. 

" 17. Rosanna Frances Downey, d. Thomas J. and Julia A. 
(O'Donnell), both b. Roxbury. 

" 23. Joseph Francis Galvin, s. John, b. Ireland, and Catherine 
(Seavy), b. Boston. 

[to be continued.] 



HYDE PARK STEAM LAUNDRY. 



OPPOSITE N. Y. & N. E. DEPOT. 



Positively no Lime, Acids or Washing Compounds Used. 

Collars and Cuffs a Specialty. 

L-. 7VT. BIOKF^ORD. 



BUTTERICK'S PATTERNS, 

LEWAISTDO'S FRENCH DYE HOUSE, 

HYDE PARK STEAM LAUNDRY, 

DEMOREST SEWING MACHINES. 

C. S. DAVIS & CO., 

NEPONSET BLOCK, - - - . HYDE PARK. 



WEDDING INVITATIONS, 


THE ONLY PLACE 


RECEPTION INVITATIONS, 


HVDE F>KF2K: 


CALLING CARDS, ETC. 


TO GET YOUR 


Engraved or Printed. 


SHOES 


First Class Work. 


AT BOSTON PRICES 


L-T^NE BROS . 


— IS AT — 

H. D. HIGGINS', 


Station Street., - - HYDE PARK. 


BOOTS, SHOES AND RUBBERS, 




40 FAIRMOUNT AVE. 



•?• H. TV^T^RKS. f 

20 FAIRMOUNT AVENUE. 

LaKAOING MBROHAMT TAIIaOR. 

The tailoring for designs in liigh style and quality to which every one inclines. He 
has the latest fashions, and charges are but fair. He has French and English Worsteds 
and Melton Tweeds and Cassimeres which he wants you to inspect. He makes them up in 
elegant style, and cuts and fits neat, all the latest styles of garments, and he does his work 
so complete. None can make up clothing more stylish, strong or neat. With any in Hyde 
Park he is ready to compete. 



DR. C. A. LESLIE, 



25 Central Ave, HYDE PARK. 
Office Hours, 1 to 5 p.m. Usually in evenings. 27 



CHAS. STURTEVAKT, M.D., 

HOMOEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN, 

E75ST RliZER ST. 



EDMUND DAVIS, 

COUNSEL.I_OR f KT •• L-Mirti. 

ROOMS 2 and 3 BANK BUILDING, 

Residence 27 Albion St. HYDE PARK. 

K. G. CHILDS. 

DEALER IN 

Drugs, Medicines and Chemicals, 

FANCY AND TOILET ARTICLES, 
SPONGES, BRUSHES, PERFUMERY, ETC. 

CHOICE DOMESTIC AND IMPORTED CIGARS, 
g^"" Physicians' Prescriptions carefully compounded. 
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Gentlemen: 

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fact that if you have any printing to do it is to your 
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^>t^^^'\vtHE Hyde Park 

HISTORICAL RECORD 



VOL.1. OCTOBER, 1891. NO. 3. 



CONTENTS: 

Frontispiece, Martin Luther Whitcher - Facing Page 37 

Martin Luther Whitcher, Charles Sturievant, M.D. - 37 

The Streets of Hvde Park, y. C. Richardson - - 39 

Pemaquid and Monhegan (Continued), Chas. Levi Woodbury, 46 

Legal Reminscences, Edmund Davis - - - - 50 

Hyde Park Births (Continued), Edwin C. Jenney - - 53 



PUBLISHED BY THE 

HYDE PARK HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

HYDE PARK, MASS. 



The Hyde Park Historical Record. 

EDITOR: 

EDMUND DAVIS. 

COMMITTEE OF PUBLICATION : 

EDMUND DAVIS, LOUISE M. WOOD, 

JOS. KING KNIGHT, WALLACE D. LOVELL, 

CHARLES F. JENNEY. 

Business Manager, GEORGE F. ELDRIDGE. 

All literary communications should be addressed to the Editor; subscriptions 

and business communications to the Business Manager. 
The Recobd will be published quarterly— in January, April. July and October. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, 50 cents per year. SINGLE NUMBERS, 15c. 

Entered at the Post-office at Hyde Park as second-class matter. 



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Equitable F.&M. Insurance CO., Prov. Abington Mutual Fire Ins.Co.,Abington. 

EVERETT SQUARE, HYDE PARK, MASS. 



THE 



HYDE PARK HISTORICAL RECORD. 

Vol. 1. OCTOBER, I891. No. 3. 



MARTIN LUTHER WHITCHER. 

BY CHARLES STURTEVANT, M.D. 

The combined record of the lives of individual representative 
men furnishes the best history of the community, in whose 
interests, and for whose welfare they cheerfully expended their 
best powers, and to whose advancement they daily consecrated 
their earnest efforts ; and it is with this idea in mind that the 
present duty, which in this instance is indeed a labor of love, is 
undertaken. 

The subject of this sketch was pre-eminently a modest, 
retiring man, who never courted public notice nor sought position 
for the sake of power, and the various offices he filled from time 
to time were accepted as duties, and held as responsibilities rather 
than sought after as honors. 

Martin Luther VVhitcher was born June 10, 1808, at "Bay 
Hill," Northfield, N. H., and was the son of Benjamin Harvey 
Whitcher and Catharine Badger Cole. He was a descendant of 
Thomas Whittier who, a lad of sixteen, came to this country 
in 1638, living first in Salisbury, and finally in Haverhill, Mass. 
The original family name was spelled Whittier, to which a portion 
of the family still adhere, while others prefer the other spelling 
and pronunciation. There was nothing especially noteworthy in 
the boyhood and youth of the subject of our sketch, — like many 
another quiet lad he was active and intelligent, and in his daily 
industry and fidelity to the lesser responsibilities of every-day 
life, laid the foundations of future usefulness. 

Mr. Whitcher came to Boston in 1827, and established himself 
as a stone-mason and contractor, residing at South Boston. He 



38 MJitin Luther U^biUher. 

was married April 4, 1832, to Miss Nancy Locke, who was born 
December 15, 181 2, at Portsmouth, N. H., and was the daughter 
of Elijah and Hannah Locke. Mr. and Mrs. Whitcher resided 
at South Boston about thirty-three years, removing to Hyde Park 
in the spring of i860, eight years before the town was incorpor- 
ated, and becoming, at once, identified with the best interests of 
the community, both in the church and in business matters, and 
real estate improvements. He was an active, prominent factor in 
all efforts having for their object the healthy growth and moral 
advancement of the town, and the establishment of good govern- 
ment. He was elected one of the first Board of Selectmen, 
serving in 1868-69, and again in 1873-74; was chosen one of the 
School Committee in 1870; was one of the original directors 
of the Hyde Park Savings Bank, and served on other advisory 
boards and committees, always rendering intelligent and accept- 
able services. When Mr. Whitcher first came to Hyde Park he 
lived in the house on East River street now occupied by the 
writer, and his investments thereafter were mostly in Hyde Park 
property, which increased in value under his intelligent and 
useful management, as the town grew and developed. 

Mr. Whitchcr's religious convictions were like his business 
ideas, positive and well-defined, and while he indulged in no self- 
righteous complacency, he was always ready to give " a reason for 
the hope that was in him." At South Boston he was connected 
with the Congregational and afterwards with the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, as an active and useful member, and held the 
office of Sunday School Superintendent for several years in the 
latter organization. Upon removing to Hyde Park he connected 
himself at once with the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
rendered acceptable service in that body as long as he lived. 

He was not connected with any other organizations, civil or 
social. At an early date he became interested in the anti-slavery 
movement, and cast one of the first two ballots for that party and 
for temperance reform which were cast in South Boston. 

Martin L. Whitcher was most emphatically a self-made man, 
— a natural mechanic, — and he developed into a master-builder of 
rare judgment and ability, whose advice was sought after, and 
whose opinion carried weight with the men of his own occupation 
as well as in the communities where he lived and labored. He 
was awarded many contracts, public and private, for business 



Martin Luther H^hitcher. 39 

blocks, warehouses and residences in Boston and vicinity. He 
was just and liberal in his dealings with his employes, whose good 
word and best wishes he always received. During the construc- 
tion of the Lee buildings on Bedford and Summer streets, Boston, 
he was suddenly stricken with heart disease and died before the 
completion of this building, at his residence, 19 East River street, 
Hyde Park, August 24, 1875. His wife died March 29, 1887, and 
of six children only one is now living. 

Like his associates on the first Board of Selectmen, Mr. 
Whitcher was a man of sound judgment, liberal ideas, and loyalty 
to his convictions of duty, and although he was not permitted to 
attain to the full measure of "three score years and ten" of his 
earthly pilgrimage, the influence of his well-rounded and useful 
life will endure, and ever stand as his best monument. 



THE STREETS OF HYDE PARK. 

BY GEORGE L. RICHARDSON. 
LOCATION. 

The more densely settled a town becomes, the greater the 
proportion of land that must necessarily be appropriated for 
streets. Every lot of land, however small, must have a right of 
way out. The primitive streets in Hyde Park were few. Where 
the nucleus of the town was located by the Fairmount Land Com- 
pany and the Real Estate and Building Company, there was no 
village — only here and there a farm-house. The streets or 
roads existing at that time were River, West, Back, Milton, 
Sprague and Readville. 

The Fairmount section was first built. It was laid out on a 
rectangular system, the direction of the longitudinal streets being 
parallel to that of the original grants. This system is most 
usually adopted in a level country, as it is the one of greatest 
simplicity and economy of land. Fairmount, however, as the 
name signifies, is hilly. Some of the streets have very steep 
grades. The rectangular system was departed from in the case 
of Williams avenue and Pond street, these being curved and 
more in keeping with the contour of the land. 



40 The Streets of Hyde Park. 

In the laying out of Mt. Neponset, soon afterwards, a different 
system was chosen. The streets in this section are all curved, 
conforming to the natural contour of the land and leaving the 
enclosed area in good shape for building lots. The lower end of 
Maple street and the upper end of Pine street are now much 
steeper than as laid out by the Real Estate and Building Company, 
as they have been straightened by the town since that time. 

In succeeding sections, as laid out by the last named company, 
we find that the locations of the new streets were determined 
partly by the character of the land and partly by the railroads. 
The railroads present an almost insuperable barrier for new 
street crossings, and the direction of travel and transportation to 
and from Boston is the same as that of the railroads. Sections 
one and six of the Real Estate and Building Company lie 
between the Providence division of the Old Colony Railroad and 
the New York and New England Railroad. They also include 
the water-shed between the valleys of Stony I3rook and Neponset 
River. Here we find the two principal thoroughfares of the town 
— Hyde Park avenue and River street. 

The system of long avenues is one characteristic of the Real 
Estate and Building Company's work. To have them located, it 
was necessary to enter upon land beyond its control. This was 
accomplished by co-operation with the Norfolk County Com- 
missioners. Hyde Park avenue and Central Park avenue— prac- 
tically one highway — were petitioned for and laid out by the 
County Commissioners, and then built by the towns of Dedham 
and Dorchester. They lie between the two railroads, are nearly 
parallel to the Providence Railroad, and extend from near the 
Dedham line to Forest Hills, there joining Washington street, 
which extends still further into Boston in the same direction. It 
is the principal route for transportation, if we except River street. 

River street, originally an irregular road of varying width, was 
widened and straightened by the County Commissioners, through 
the efforts of the Land Company, from East Dedham to Milton 
Lower Mills. Parts of this street have been changed several 
times since the incorporation of the town. It is now a well-made 
street with ea.sy grades. It connects with Blue Hill avenue at 
Mattapan and with Dorchester avenue at Milton Lower Mills. 

There is undoubtedly more travel on River street and Hyde 
Park avenue than on any other streets. There may be a question 



The Streets of Hyde Park. 41 

as to which has the most. I believe there has been no estimate of 
the weight or the number of teams going over each road respec- 
tively. Mr. Corson thinks Hyde Park avenue has the most. Both 
have easy grades, except where River street crosses the railroads. 
The length of Central Park avenue and Hyde Park avenue is 
nearly five miles, of which three are within the limits of Hyde 
Park. The length of River street is about the same. 

P^airmount avenue, laid out by the County Commissioners 
from River street across the Neponset River, practically con- 
tinues and extends to the Brush Hill road. It has a grade 
crossing at the railroad which it could not have had, probably, as 
the law now stands. 

Williams avenue, lying partly in Milton, on the southern slope 
of Fairmount, has been extended to Blue Hill avenue. The new 
part is now called the " Bradlee Road." 

Dana avenue, first located by the Real Estate and Building 
Company, has recently been extended to the Brush Hill road. 
Though it is straight the grades are comparatively easy. It lies 
at a lower level than Williams avenue, and the latter is lower 
than Fairmount avenue. 

Huntington avenue, though only partially built now, may be 
an important street. It extends from River street in Hyde Park 
to Canterbury street in Boston. It was first laid out by Mr. 
Charles A. White, who co-operated with the Real Estate and 
Building Company. It is about one and a quarter miles long. 

Metropolitan avenue is another of those long avenues built by 
said company, and afterwards laid out in part by the County Com- 
missioners. It is about two and three-quarter miles long. 
There was some thought of extending it further, so as to partially 
surround the city. It extends from Washington street in Boston 
to the Brush Hill road in Milton. It is practically divided into 
three streets, the points of division being the Providence Railroad 
and the New York and New England Railroad. The obstacles in 
the way of making this avenue continuous were great. It crosses 
two valleys, two railroads and a river. There was at first a grade 
crossing at the Providence Railroad but this has long been discon- 
tinued. There has been some talk of an underpass bridge at this 
point, contingent on the lowering of Stony Brook and the raising 
of the railroad, but a grade crossing would be much preferred. 
At the New York and New Eng-land Railroad the crossing would 



42 The Streets of Hyde Park. 

have to be by an overpass bridge, which would also span the 
Neponset River. This bridge would have to be twenty feet 
above the railroad, and consequently thirty feet above the river. 
This would involve raising the grades of five streets approaching 
the bridge on the northerly side of the river, to correspond. The 
time may come, however, when the growth of the town will 
permit all this to be done. Mr. L. B. Bidwell's estimate of the 
cost of an iron bridge fifty feet wide and about thirty-five feet 
above the river with embankments for approaches, was about 
$74,000. For a bridge thirty feet wide and about twenty-eight 
feet above the river, with approaches, his estimate was about 
$54,000. 

It would seem that Glenwood avenue was to have been 
another long avenue connecting Hyde Park with the rest of the 
world. In some respects its history repeats that of Metropolitan 
avenue, though it is of less importance. Its location was presum- 
ably from Brush Hill road in Milton across the New York and 
New England Railroad, the Neponset River, the Providence 
Railroad, Mother Brook and Stony Brook, towards Washington 
street in West Roxbury. Like Metropolitan avenue, its history 
proves the truth of the maxim : " Business moves on the plane 
of least resistance." 

As it stands now, there are three separate streets called 
Glenwood avenue. One is on the Fairmount side; another 
between the Neponset River and the Providence Railroad ; and 
the third between Mother and Stony Brooks. This last is 
in that part of the town sometimes called " Sunnyside," which 
was owned and largely subdivided by Gordon H. Nott. To use 
a western phrase, it might be called " Nott's Addition." 

Bullard's Addition lies in Readville, between the Provi- 
dence Railroad and Mother Brook. These lands are subdivided 
by short streets, generally straight, branching off from Readville 
and River streets. There is a grove in Sanford's Addition that 
might answer for a Park Reservation. 

The old Camp Ground at Readville is laid out on the rectan- 
gular system. The ground is very level, and is about 20 feet 
above the river or 60 feet above sea level. There is here a 
reservation called Hamilton Park, 520 feet long by 250 feet wide, 
with streets surrounding it. 

Gilman's Addition is on high land, bounding westerly on 



The Streets of Hyde Park. 43 

Mother Brook and bordering on the town line at East Dedham. 
There is one street laid out over it designed to connect Mill 
Lane in East Dedham with Dedham street in Hyde Park. 

CONSTRUCTION. 

,No grades were established at first except on the new county 
roads, and of these only Central Park avenue was built to the 
required grade. The county having located certain highways and 
established grades thereon, it was left for the towns to construct 
them. The streets that were not county roads were made 
without established grades, the same as common roads in the 
country usually are. The hills were lowered and the valleys 
raised with plow and scraper, sufficiently to make tolerable 
ascents and descents. The result was an undulating grade with 
occasional depressions or hollows between the hills. Drains 
were laid across where necessary to preserve the natural 
drainage, and the road itself drained on to private land. This 
system answered until the abutting lands began to be improved, 
and houses built near the streets. Then artificial drainage was 
seen to be desirable — that is, artificial surface drainage. It was 
more desirable for the rainfall to be shed from the building lots 
towards the streets — either in front or rear — and for the streets 
to drain themselves by means of gutters into other streets or 
some natural water-way. Grades were then established with this 
end in view. It is evident, however, that it is much easier to fix 
a grade before any improvements have been made than to wait 
till houses are built, some low and some high. 

For instance, there was a grade established by the county on 
Hyde Park avenue. It required a continuous descent from the 
summit where the High School now is to the meadow at 
Clarendon Hills, there to drain into Stony Brook. But the town 
of Dorchester constructed it so as to leave a hollow between 
Arlington street and Greenwood avenue. This hollow naturally 
drained over private land towards the railroad. If these private 
lands were raised up, the storm waters were retained in the 
street. In discussing a remedy it was proposed to drain this 
hollow by means of a pipe laid through the hill in Westminster 
street, rather than carry out the original grade as required by the 
county. 

There was a grade established on Fairmount avenue, between 



44 The Streets of Hyde Park. 

River street and the New York and New England railroad. 
The descent was to be continuous toward the railroad, but 
Dorchester built it without grade, leaving a hollow. Some ten 
years afterward Rev. Amos Webster discovered the record of a 
a-rade, and the town of Dorchester then reconstructed it as first 
proposed. There was some damage resulting. Bonney's store, 
near the corner of Pierce street, was lowered and Bragg's Block 
partly reconstructed. At the present time it is evident the 
damages would be very great. These are only two cases, 
among many, tending to show the importance of established 
grades, and the difficulty of changing them when once 
established. 

House lots may be improved in different ways, according to 
their relative position and the taste of the owner. It is like the 
setting of a gem. Some like to invest their money in this way ; 
but the owner must feel that the grade of the street is permanent. 
Any skepticism in regard to that will cause him to lose interest. 
If the grade is to be changed with each succeeding Board of 
Selectmen, each decreeing something different from its prede- 
cessor, then the question will become one of damages, not of 
landscape gardening, — of getting money from the town instead 
of expending it for the improvement of the town. 

After the incorporation of the town, the first Board of 
Selectmen proceeded to establish grades on some of the principal 
town ways, and the succeeding Board graded others. Their work 
answered its intended purpose so far as drainage was concerned, 
though paved gutters were afterwards found to be necessary, 
especially in Fairmount. 

In 1886, there was a renewed interest in streets, on the part 
of the inhabitants. There was a special demand for hard and dry 
sidewalks. The appropriation was liberal, and there was a great 
pressure on the Board of Selectmen. The Selectmen did not, 
perhaps, have time to deliberate and economize. They did not 
seem to be aware that previous Boards had established grades, 
but proceeded to make new ones as though there had never been 
any. There were, of course, damages resulting. The contiguous 
estates must be made to conform to the new grades, as they had 
already conformed to the old. This contingency had not been 
allowed for in the appropriations. After thus experimenting on 
Maple, Oak, and other streets, the new grades were abandoned as 



The Streets of Hyde Park. 45 

impracticable. Thereafter curbstones were laid to the previous 
grade, with the exception of one or two slight changes. These 
sidewalks, composed of tar, sand and stones, were called "perma- 
nent improvements." The cost was borne in part by the abuttors. 

In 1889, the attention of the Selectmen was turned specially to 
the carriage way of the streets. They began to be repaired with 
broken stone instead of gravel. This is appreciated by all who 
drive, particularly in the early spring when the ground is thawing. 
Teams used to get fast at that time in the hollow on Hyde Park 
avenue. A hard surface requires less horse power. 

In the original laying out of the different sections of the town, 
there were no reservations for public parks or commons, except in 
the case of Hamilton Park, already referred to, and perhaps one 
in Everett square. The streets are forty and fifty feet wide. The 
width is increased at crossing, and junctions by rounding the cor- 
ners. This is one characteristic of the town. Three or four 
small reservations in the growing part of the town would perhaps 
answer practical purposes better than a very large park outside 
which people without leisure would have no time to visit. For 
those with leisure the Muddy Pond woods answers pretty well 
already. Mr. Grew has permitted the public to visit his land in 
these woods, and has made roads for that purpose. While visitors 
are not required to "keep off the grass" they are "strictly for- 
bidden" to cut trees. When the time comes for this section to 
be improved several parks might then be reserved. Something 
in connection with the pond itself has been proposed. It is to be 
desired that whenever this territory — containing 1000 acres 
south of Washington street — shall be improved, it may be done 
in conformity with the physical character of the land and the 
inclination of travel, rather than with the lines of ownership. 

There are now about thirty-eight miles in length of streets in 
Hyde Park, public and private. 



n MA^Hin \NP \K>\ll!Ai W 

\\i\ruKvM\ ii\ i(»>\ wiitv^s in his ivunnal [\\M, o\\ \\\c vl.w 
tl\o AvlH^Ua K^»' into N.U\nn\koik ILulnn. Mr. AtluMton. in 
his sUa>jv Knuul tv» ron\aq\Ukl. vhv^ppovl ii\ and o.iUovl on thont. 
Mi\ Shnvt; ol l\M»uu|nivl, in tho i\vAt xoai.sont tv> tho bav a'a 
InvUau \vv^n\.\n whv^ ha^l boon tako»\ hv the raranlinos at 4\i;a\Ya»u. 
In i(>,5s. \\i»\il\ixM^ stales otily thirty pUnighs wore runnit\i; in tho 
luy. \\\ UMv\ ho wiuos u\ hixS journal that ono (ualtoit. in a 
sKu^l\ havl saiK\l tv^ IVnuviuivl ami lM\ni^^ht hack tv> tho hay twenty 
ovnvs anvl v»\on with hay ami watov tor thorn, li\ 10^5, ho st^Uos 
that tho ship, tho AniioJ liabrioK was lost at romaqni^l in a jv'vat 
stvMni> Sho was intonvlovl tor tho bav. and hor ovn\sort. tho 
latnos. was noarly U>st at tho Islos v>t Shoals. Thus ono oan soo 
that. thov\>ih tho Kiy sotllomonts havl UAUoh diroct travlo with 
luvat Uritain, thoy havl not displaood tho anoiont loadorship of 
IVmavjnivl iu tho t\sh and tur ttados Its ox^orts ai\d oasual 
\v\ssongor traUo Um\^' tUnnishovl 

b\;u\oo, unvlor tho strong; hanvis v^t KuiuUou, had ori;ani/ovl 
hor sottlomonts in North An\oriOsV and. not ronounoin^j;- hor olaitu 
tv^ Now V:n^iiln\d. was aotvvo in roduoii\i;- all sho couUl into aotnal 
|HVssossivM\. Onsovinontly. romavinivl Ivoamo a fnnitior station 
v^t tho utmost uuportanoo to tho tuturo v>t tho lu\^Hsh pvvssossivM\s 
wostwaul ou tho owist, Unvlonbtally. sv^nio stwkados and a tow 
jiuns hiul Km\^- boon maintainovl at IVnuviuid to oppvKso tho 
onslaughts ot" bVouoh. InvHans anvl piratos. but this was indivivlnal 
work, rat hor than pubUo pix^txmxtion. 

\ n\av avUl horo that tho Now riynioiith pooplo luado two 
otTvHts to ostahlii^h trading ports vvn tho IVnoKsoot. and that tho 
bnM\oh ojxplmwl oaoh and hn^ko up thoir travlo. in lO^u aiul 

It is not my purposo to tnxo^^ tho long history ot tho Ftvnoh 
and Invlian wai^ but rvvortiug to tho subjoct I bogun with, tho 
ruius of IVmav^uivU I will traoo tho suov^ossion of tho forts 
uud tho vioisititudoji thoy ouduiwl. briotly. boouuso my limits 
aiv uarivw. auvl bvvauso uumoivus gxn\oral historios of Now 
ICugland till out tho sunvuuvliug owuts whioh I must omit. 



I'miiiijiihl iiihl MihIici'iIh 47 

III \<i\<), vv(' Ic'irii tli.'il ;i iiioic ))i ' 1 < nt ioir, loit w;i". I>iiill ;il 
r(iii;i')iii'l, wli'K- III' 1,11 III' r, .iii'l f<-:ii'l':iil, (r.li'Nii'ii li;i'l hifj'/'y 
iiK 1 1 ;i',('l. 

Ill \(>\2, "lie hixfy I'll!!, :i 'liHHatiHfic'l lMi;',li-.liiii;iii, iimi''! 
pinilc, .iii'l with liltfcii fiflictH Hiirpri'-KMl ;iihI piiiri'lcrc'l Um: 
".'•f t l"i(i' III ;i1 T' iii;i'|iii'l ■iii'l r;ii'i'''I ;m«-;i1 fli'if iit Icinc- on t lie f;r),'i.Ht, 
r.iill |.,,l 'HI' '(I lii', |)iin'i|<;il iii'ii in Mi'- .'itf.'i'L ('/,\\>\',\'\\\ H<:u]<: 
()\ l'iH(;;i,t;i(|ii;i, went witd t'uiy km n t', tli'- I'li'l ol l'r;tfi;i/|iiifl. 
After this l'(;rn;i,f)iiifl ;,(;(;tn:, to li-iv'- li;i'l 1,'ti't |.t'<t'',tion, ;i,ri w<: 
lic'ir no n)orc (A Hiich att;icl<M. In i^'''/}, tin. ' '.imt ly (:;i'it ol the 
K'-nii'lf': ' ;iiii'- wii'I'-r 1 Ih: i);it''nt <>\ tli(:l>iikf; (A Vr^rk, who |;;i,i'l 
;inij|l ;itf'nli'»n 1'. it, \uv in 1675 on'; fiiiiHlrefl flisr:r,nlr;nt(;rl 
fiti/.cir; |)':tit i'Hi''l f'; IVI-'i.HHfu;hnH(;tt ', lor, "wli':reiii ;,oni'; titriCH 
|);r,t vvc h;i.v(: liHfJ Korne kiti'l of rovernfn':nt !^,<:ttl(:fl arnrni^rU \\h, 
hill \i)V these H(!vr;il ye;irs we fi;ive not h;i/l ;iriy ;i,t ?ill/' etc, anH 
1 h'l' fore ask to he. t-'iken iid'hr tic: pr'»ter t i'.n <)\ MaHHacbuHettH, 
I'"leven <)\ tlr: Hij,(rier.s .'ir': ol l'ern;u|iii'l, fift'':n ;i,re of Darnrel'H 
Cove l:,l;infl:,, sixteen ol C";ipe Neww;i;',' fi (\'><i\\u.\nuyuu in the. 
p'-l it ion;, 'M^'jhteen are ol M'jnli';',;in, t wnty '/H': ol K'.nii'h''. ;in'l 
fifteen oi the Sheepseot, li'^w m;i.ny were ol th': oppo'iite 
opinion floes not appear: prohahly it w;i/i th': wutrc numerous 
party. 

fn 1675, the fnrli.'in War, known ;is Kin;', I'liillip''; W;i.r, he^^an. 

In J67O, tlie settlers ;it I'ern;i.rjiiirl ;itifl r^n tli'; ;i/ljaeent isl;infls 
were surpriseri l;y an or^^'ini//:'!, ':;<ten',ive Iii'li;iri ;itt;i'k. I'':rn 
arpii'l was desertefl, as was tlie country and coast, by -'ill who 
c'dil'l eHcijie the merciless tomahawk, 'fhe survivors, about tlirer; 
huti'lr'-'l in tiiii(ih':r, to'^k relii?'/; ;it Onrnrel's C"ove Jshi.n'ls, where 
they he-id out al^rnit ;i, fortni^4it, when, re?i,li/Jnj^ the irnpnictica 
hilify of def';nr:e, they sailed in varifjus vessels west \.i> I'iscJitarjua, 
'if \',<>X<)\\, rui'l ;i,ll e-;i.Ht <)\ the Saj^adalioc w;is desol-'ite. 

M;i,jor Wnldroti with a stron^; force was sent riown to redeem 
f:?i.ptives au'l to retaliate. He had a sharp brush with the 
fndians at I'ei(i;i'|uid, ;i, l'')(t ( ,:\r'\u<:r is spoken of as bein;', 
then in thf:ir contrf<l, prr^bably a block house. 'I'hey had })urnt 
i'erna'|uid fliref:tly on its bein^^ abandoned. An .affidavit in rny 
(possession ol on*: J'^hn Cock, born enst ol th': Kennebec and 
driven off in 1676 by thf; fndi;i.ns, spea.ks of a Mr. I'adishal h;i,vin^ 
bc':n killed at reni,'i/|uifl by the Inrlians, The Dukf; of Vork's 
^^overnrrient ;it New Vork now .-iwok'; from th';ir .-ip;i,thy .'ind 



48 Pemaquiii nthl Monhegan. 

prepared a formidable force to retake his possessions, and in 
1677 took possession of the country and established a govern- 
ment. A new fort, on the site of the old one, was erected, — a 
wooden redoubt with two guns aloft, an outwork with two 
bastions, each carrying two guns, and one gun at the gate. Fifty 
soldiers were stationed as a garrison, and the fort was named 

FORT CHARLES. 

Under this protection, Pcmaquid was made the capital of the 
duke's territory ; a custom-house, licenses for fishing, and a 
Justice of Peace established. The Indians were awed, and a kind 
of treaty made with them. The smacks that had been captured 
were restored, captives released and a delusive hope of peace 
indulged. 

1684 found "they of Pemaquid " much delighted with the 
glories, military and civil, of their capital, as well as their 
returning trade, petitioning the duke for more favors, "and that 
Pemaquid may still remain the metropolis of these parts because 
it ever have been so, before Boston was settled." Alas for this 
dream of the revival of the traditional capital, Norumbega, 
politics in 1686 enforced the jurisdiction of these parts to be 
ceded to the new royal Massachusetts charter, and the love-lorn 
Pemaquid was divorced from New York. 

1687 brought a solace for their woe. The thirsty Bay Puritans 
under the orders of the judge of Pemaquid made a raid on the 
French settlement at Bagaduce, on the Penobscot, where the 
Baron Castine lived, and carried off to Pemaquid a ship and cargo 
of wines, etc., imported by him. This spoliation caused serious 
complaints from the French ambassador at London. I will not 
say that free rum flowed at Pemaquid. The perfumed and stim- 
ulating red wines of Gascony and Burgundy shed their nectar on 
the parched gullets of the judge, collectors, tide waiters and 
bailiffs, — the official aristocracy, — in biblical phrase, "without 
money and without price." Even the soldiers of the garrison, or 
at least the officers, got more than a sniff at the aromatic fluid. 
On Darwin's doctrine of heredity one might well claim that the 
Maine officials thus early were imbued with, and transmitted to 
their successors, the habit of seizing other people's wines and 
liquors and drinking them without paying for them. 

In 1689, Fort Charles was surprised by the Indians, who cut 



Pemaquid and Mouhegau. 49 

off the most of the garrison as they were engaged in some 
ordinary affairs outside the fort, and with a second body made an 
energetic attack on the fort, which was vigorously resisted by the 
small remnant within the fort. The next day the attack was con- 
tinued, and finally, through Madocawando's efforts. Captain 
Weems was induced to surrender on terms for all within the fort, 
viz.: fourteen men and some women and children who had been 
fortunate enough to get in there for protection. They were 
immediately put on board a sloop and sent to Boston. Sixteen 
men had been killed in the attacks on the fort ; of those outside 
who had been cut off, the French Indians carried off about fifty 
captives ; the number of killed is unknown. It took Captain 
Weems three years to obtain the pay for his men and himself, 
and twice he petitioned to London. This was a serious calamity 
to the frontier, and the necessity of rebuilding and restoring 
Pemaquid was urgent. 

In 1693, Governor Phipps, who was born in that neighborhood, 
(his father had lived at Pemaquid), directed the fort to be rebuilt 
in a solid way of stone. It took in the great stone at the south- 
west that was outside the old stockade and so unfortunate for 
it in the last attack, and was heavily armed and strongly 
garrisoned. He named it 

FORT WILLIAM HENRY. 

The long Indian and French war had devastated the frontier 
on either side, but the two rival nations still opposed a threat- 
ening front at Pemaquid and at the Penobscot. Predatory and 
bloody skirmishing was maintained on both sides against the 
settlements of their opponent. 

In 1696, Fort William Henry was attacked by two French 
frigates and five hundred French and Indians, and on the second 
day it surrendered to them on terms. Chubb, the commander, 
was held long in jail in Boston on his return, his conduct having 
been unsatisfactory. The French destroyed the fort by tipping 
over the walls, and retired. 

In 1697, the Treaty of Ryswick was made, and the possession 
of Nova Scotia was restored to France, whose claims to a 
predominant title over New England had never been abandoned. 
Renewed efforts were made on the English side to settle eastern 
Maine asrain. What with the attacks and counter attacks 



50 Pemaqnid and Monhegan. 

stimulated by the national antipathy and the determination of the 
Indian tribes to limit the white man's occupancy to the mere 
fishing stations on the coast, regardless of treaties or prior sales 
by them, there was a constant turmoil. Treaties were violated 
directly the pressure that induced them was removed. The 
hardy New Englanders, grown skilful in Indian fighting, struck 
fiercely at the citadels of Indian power — their villages — besides 
maintaining defensive attitude around their own homesteads. 

Let me generalize. In 1700-03, there were attacks on our 
towns ; 1704-07, attacks by us on Port Royal. In 1709-10, Port 
Royal was recaptured by us. In 171 1, our disastrous attack on 
Canada. In 171 2 hostilities ceased, and 171 3 the Treaty of 
Utrecht was made, whereby France ceded "all Nova Scotia or 
Acadia comprehended within its antient boundaries ; as also the 
city of Port Royal, now called Annapolis Royal," etc. There 
was a bright hope for peace, but the indefinite limits of the 
cession soon led to further difficulty. 

In 1 716, an order to re-establish the Fort at Pemaquid was 
issued, but not executed. 

In 1717, a treaty with the Indians was renewed, and in 1719 
the old settlers and land holders at Pemaquid began to return. 

In 1722, Lovewell's War broke out; the great successes at 
Norridgewock and at Pigwackat broke the Indian power. Some 
fishing vessels after hard fighting were captured and rescued. 
The bounty for scalps went up to ;^ioo. 

In 1724, the Indians captured two fishing vessels at the Isles 
of Shoals and eight at Fox Island thoroughfare, in all twenty-two 
sail ; killed twenty-two fishermen, and made twenty-eight 
prisoners. In 1725 more were surprised and taken. 

In 1726, Dummer's Treaty was signed with the Indian tribes. 
It was not popular, but Pemaquid, after lying waste for over 
twenty years, began to revive. 

[to be continued.] 



LEGAL REMINISCENCES. 

BY EDMUND DAVIS. 

It has been said that the first physician who ventured to locate 
in what is now Hyde Park found the locality so salubrious and 
the people so healthy that he was obliged to decamp speedily 



Legal Reminiscences. 51 

lest, "having no visible means of support," he should be arrested 
as a vagrant. This is not a matter of exact authentic history, 
but rather of oral tradition ; one of those myths which are 
claimed by many eminent antiquarians to contain the germs of 
truths which cold, matter-of-fact, prosaic history cannot reach and 
grapple. But, however the fact may be as to the first doctor, there 
is no room for doubt that our town has always been good to 
members of the legal profession, who, in their turn, have shown 
their appreciation of it by flocking to it in considerable numbers. 

The first lawyer resident in Hyde Park was William Rogers, 
who was practising in Boston at the time when the Twenty Asso- 
ciates decided upon settling on Fairmount, and who was early 
associated with these enterprising pioneers, and acted as their 
legal adviser. He was a man of ability and merit, was a member 
of the staff of Governor Andrew with the rank of assistant 
adjutant general, was one of the United States Registrars of 
Bankruptcy, and was moderator of the first town meeting held in 
this town. He owned and lived on the fine estate, 21 Water 
street, now the property of J. C. Hurter. He was a sound 
lawyer and a conveyancer of considerable reputation. He died 
January 15, 1869. 

Willard F. Estey was the next in order to open a law office in 
Hyde Park. He came here about 1867, having previously taught 
school and practised law in Dedham. He left here about 1882, 
and has since resided in Maine. During a part of the time he 
was here he was in partnership with W. H. H. Andrews, and later 
with Henry B. Terry. Mr. Estey Vv^as a man of pleasant address, 
genial manners, and considerable success in his profession. 

The next attorney to open an office here was Charles W. 
Turner, now at 27 School street, Boston. He was the first town 
clerk of Hyde Park, which office, on his resignation of it, passed 
to Henry B. Terry, who has held it ever since. Mr. Terry had 
been a student in Mr. Turner's office, which was at first in the 
building now occupied by Ryan's Express, and afterwards in the 
building known as Neponset Block, which occupied the site now 
covered by the Post Office building, until it was destroyed by fire 
in 1874. During the most, if not all, the time of his practice 
here, Mr. Turner was associated with Horace R. Cheney, a 
young lawyer of great promise, who was afterwards assistant 
district attorney for Suffolk County, and whose early death is 



52 Legal Reminiscences. 

thought by many to have been hastened, if not caused, by his 
intense and unremitting devotion to his work. Mr. Turner has 
been for many years the trusted legal adviser of the Real Estate 
and Building Company. Both he and Mr. Cheney discontinued 
practice in Hyde Park in 1872 or 1873. About the same time 
Mr, W. H. H, Andrews, who has been before alluded to as a 
partner of Mr. Estey, and who came here in 1869 or 1870, gave 
up his office here and gave all his time to his increasing legal 
business in Boston. 

Mr. Orin T. Gray came to Hyde Park in 1868 and soon 
acquired a good business here. In 1871 he and Mr. Edmund 
Davis formed a partnership which continued for about three 
years. Their offices were first in Cobb's Block, corner of P^air- 
mount avenue and River street; afterwards in the ill-fated 
Neponset Block. When this building was burned the firm of 
Gray and Davis lost everything in their offices to the last scrap 
of paper. 

Some short time prior to 1871 two other attorneys, now well 
known in the profession, lived and had offices in Hyde Park : 
Charles G. Keyes and George VV. Morse. Mr. Keyes now lives 
at Jamaica Plain, and Mr. Morse in Newton. 

Henry B. Terry, our local magistrate and efficient town clerk, 
commenced his practice here in 1871, in a building which was 
situated on the southerly side of P^airmount avenue, where 
French's grocery store now is. Not long after the above date 
Mr. Charles G. Chick, who had previously been living here and 
studying law in the office of Charles Levi Woodbury in Boston, 
was admitted to the bar, and became enrolled among the prac- 
tising lawyers of Hyde Park. In 1872, Isaac G. Reed came to 
this town, residing near Hazelwood Station, and practising here 
and in Boston. His present whereabouts is not known to the 
writer. In 1874, Mr. James E. Cotter was added to the number. 
He opened an office in the brick building, where the town offices 
are now, in which building other lawyers, whose names have 
been mentioned, Messrs. Estey, Andrews and Terry, had their 
offices at one time or another. All of the legal gentlemen 
named, except Mr. Terry, had offices in Boston, which they 
carried on concurrently with those here, usually spending 
the day at the Boston office and the evening at the Hyde Park 
office, which was kept open during the day by a student. As 



Hyde Park Births. 53 

their Boston business has increased they have, with one or two 
exceptions, given up their Hyde Park offices and abandoned 
practice here, for the most part. 

Other legal gentlemen have lived in our town during the 
earlier years mentioned, without making any effort to practise 
here, among whom may be named Henry Hyde Smith and 
Howard M. Hamblin. 

There were also lawyers who never resided here, who in the 
earlier days of our town had a great deal to do with the legal 
business of Hyde Park people, among whom may be mentioned 
the late Judge Waldo Colburn of Dedham, N. F. Safford of 
Milton, Asaph Churchill of Dorchester, and A. J. Robinson and 
J. F. Colby of Boston. 

Within the last fifteen years, or so, quite a number of other 
legal practitioners have become residents here and enjoying their 
share of the patronage and confidence of our citizens. 



HYDE PARK BIRTHS. 

COMMUNICATED BY EDWIN C. JENNEY. 

1869. 

[continued from page 36.] 

April 3. John Hurley, s. Jeremiah and Joanna, both b. Ireland. 
" 6. Mary Ann Welch, d. Michael and Joanna (Welch), both 

b. Ireland. 
" 6. Nellie Ryan (b. Dorchester), d. Daniel and Margaret 

(Dolan), both b. Ireland. 
" 9. Lawrence Corrigan, s. John and Bridget (Mulcahey), 

both b. Ireland. 
" 23. Francis Joseph O'Keefe, s. Francis, b. Ireland, and Mary 

(Ronan), b. Palmer. 
" 28. Annie Maria Claffy, d. Caius and Margaret (Curley), 

both b. Ireland. 
May 6. Virginia Grolins, d. Charles and Louisa (Hill), both b. 

Canada. 
" 9. Thomas Fannon (b. Dedham), s. Thomas, b. England, 

and Matilda (Monegan), b. Taunton. 
" 12. John Foley, s. Cornelius and Honora (Foley), both b. 

Ireland. 
" 13. Adelaide M. Bailey, d. Thomas and Elizabeth, both b. 

England. 



54 H\h^e ^'^t>^ Births. 

May 21. Ann Jcannettc Turnbull, d. John and Jane (Henderson), 

both b. Scotland. 
" 28. Anna Isabel Moffat, d. Elijah W., b. Scotland, and Lucy 

A. (Otis), b. Scituate. 
" 30. Mary Dolan, d. Patrick and Catherine A. (Montague), 

both b. Ireland. 
June 5. Mary Ann Cullen, d. Thomas and Ann (Sullivan), both b. 

Ireland. 
" 6. Mary Brown, d. John A. and Mary (Gorely), both b. 

England. 
" 7. Charles McGinnis, s. Horatio, b. Stoneville, and Mary 

Ann (Ouinlan), b. Ireland. 
" 17. James oThlern, s. James and Ellen (Fallon), both b. 

Ireland. 
" 19. Thomas William Burns, s. John D., b. Ireland, and 

Catherine (Clark), b. Malone, N. Y. 
" 20. John W. Phillips, s. John and Emily, both b. England. 
" 21. Harriet p:iizabeth Whittier, d. Albert R., b. Monroe, 

Me., and Carrie A. (Woodbury), b. Boston. 
" 25. James Thomas Higginbottom (b. Boston), s. Thomas, b. 

England, and Margaret (Davis), b. Ireland. 
" 28. MaryP'^rancis Jenkins, d. Henry and Margaret (Raton), 

both b. Ireland. 
July 10. Ann Jane MuiTay, d. Thomas and Bridget (Roland), both 

b. Ireland. 
" 14. Charles Roberts Brown, s. Samuel, b. P^ngland, and Mary 

PVancis (Pierce), b. Dorchester. 
" 18. Herbert William Kendrick, s. Henry C, b. Bedford, 

N. H., and Elizabeth (Boalman), b. Boston. 
" 20. Margaret Sweeney, d. Patrick and Catherine (Donnavan), 

both b. Ireland. 
" 27. Ida Sharrock, d. George and Esther, both b. England. 
Aug. 2. Martin and David Flemming (twins), ss. David Flem- 

ming and Bridget P'itzgerald, b. Ireland. 
" 13. Mabel Holmes, cl. Thomas C, b. Provincetown, and 

Sarah H. r Kendall), b. Maine. 
" 13. Bernard Duffey (b. Arlington), s. John and Mary 

(Council), both b. Ireland. 
" 15. Daniel Driscoll, s. Dennis, b. Ireland, and Ann (White), 

b. England. 
" 15. Michael and John Wallace (twins), ss. Thomas, b. 

Salem, and Hannah (McDonnald), b. Ireland. 
" 16. George Walker Lord, s. Orlando M., b. Lebanon, Me., 

and Isabella McGloughlin, b. St. John, N. B. 
" 18. William Francis Duggan, s. John and Mary (Gill), both 

b. Ireland. 
" 19. Ada Wilson, d. Gloude, b. Nova Scotia, and Mary E. 
• (Dale), b. England. 



Hyde Park Births. 55 

Aug. 20. Thomas Monehan, s. Martin and Mary (Donahoc), both 

b. Ireland. 
" 23. Pcrley Edwards Davis, s. Perley V>., b. New Ipswich, 

N. H., and Mary F. (Vining), b. East Randolph. 
" 24. Nathan Byron Lowe (b. Nova Scotia), s. James N. and 

Dorithy (Gavel), both b. Nova Scotia. 
" 25. Robert Henry Burns, s. Robert H., b. New York City, 

and Philena (Trainer), b. Boston. 
" 28. Nellie E. Stevens (b. West Dedham), d. John N. and 

Almira C, both b. New Hampshire. 
Sept. 2. Price (b. Boston), s. Fitzjames, b. Boston, and 

Mary F. (Kelley), b. Deer Isle, Me. 
" 9. Catherine VValsh, d. Thomas and Catherine (Coleman), 

both. b. Ireland. 
" 10. Addie Polis, Indian, Dorchester, d. Newell, b. Oldtown, 

Me., and Ann (Joseph), b. Quebec, C. E. 
" 20. Sarah Grace Aldrich, d. Edwin C, b. Upton, and Susan 

M. (Holmes), b. Grafton. 
" 27. John A. Mansfield, s. Ezra A., b. Wenham, and Olivia 

(Gushing), b. South Berwick, Me. 
" 28. Mary A. Gushing, (b. Pembroke, Me.), d. William, b. 

Nova Scotia, and Mary Ann (Phinney). 
" 30. Mary Ann Danovan, d. Charles and Ellen (Reagan), 

both b. Ireland. 
Oct. 7. John Francis Glispin, s. Charles, b. England, and Eliza 

(Shields), b. Ireland. 
" 10. Susan Dutton Waldron, d. Charles E. b. Woodstock, Vt., 

and Susan D. (Dutton), b. Ludow, Mass. 
" 12. Michael Gleason, s. Jeremiah and Mary Ann (Mariana), 

both b. Ireland. 
" 23. John Henderson, s. Robert and Mary (Cox), both b. 

Scotland. 
" 24. Bernard Swan, s. Bartholomew and Mary (Rich), both b. 

Ireland. 
" 26. Lawrence Walker Potts, s. John Thorpe and Emma 

(Mycoe), both b. England. 
" 29. Lucy Ryan, d. Joseph and Joanna (Hicks), both b. 

Ireland. 
Nov. 16. Mary Ann Armstrong, d. John, b. Maine, and Fidelia 

(P'alborn), b. England. 
" 17. Herbert Dow, s. James E., b. Pittsfield, N. H., and 

Olivia (Towne), b. Dedham. 
" 20. Mary Ellen Lyons, d. Morris and Hannah (Kcohana), 

both b. Ireland. 
" 21. Frank Adams Williams, s. Jotham D., b. Alna, Me., and 

Emma A. (Brown), b. Orland, Me. 
" 23. Annie Kelley, d. Michael and Bridget (Downey), both b. 

Ireland. 



56 Hyde Park Births. 

Nov. 26. John Milan, s. Patrick and Hannah (Foley), both b, 

Ireland. 
" 27. Ida Paine, d. John A., b. Truro, Mass., and Mary A. 

Tibbetts, b. Newton Corner. 
" 29. Robert Savage, s. James ¥., b. Scotland, and Mary 

(Flarherty), b. Ireland. 
Dec. 3. Sarah Alice Bolton, d. Benjamin and Mar}' Gorton, both 

b. England. 
" 3. Annie Blake Raynes, d. Horatio G. and Elizabeth H. 

(Cannon), both b. Deer Isle, Me. 
" 5. Bazo, d. William A., b. Parsonsfield, Me., and Mary 

E. (P'arnum), b. Hudson, N. H. 
*' 6. Richard Wallace, s. Richard and Mary (Burns), both b. 

Ireland. 
" 8. Josephine Glispin, d. Thomas, b. Clappville, and Cath- 
erine (Sullivan), b. Lowell. 
" 14. William James Rourke, s. John, b. Boston, and p:ilen 

(Roach), b. Ireland. 
" 17. King, s. D. Otherman, b. Truro, and Susie E. 

Parkman, b. Fall River. 
" 18. Mabel E. Phipps, d. William T., b. New Boston, Conn., 

and Harriet W. (Hammond), b. Weymouth. 
'« 20. Lovell (twins), unnamed d's. Oliver, b. Yarmouth, 

and Sarah A. (Macomber), b. Dedham. 
" 25. Phalon, d. James and Susan (Kelley), both b. Nova 

Scotia. 
•' 26. Small, s. Franels A., b. Westbrook, Me., and Caroline 

A. (Haight), b. Saco, Me. 
" 30. Patrick and Daniel Plynn (twins), ss. John and Hannah 

(Hill), both b. Ireland. 
"31. Eaton, s. James and Jeanette (Dickey), both b. 

Nova Scotia. 
Jan. 29. Laetitia A. Watson, d. William and Adelaide M., both b. 

England. 

1870. 

Jan. — Mary A. Armstrong, d. John, b. Maine, and Delia 

(Filburns), b. Ireland. 
" 2. Rebecca P'inley, d. Thomas, b. England, and Ann M., b. 

Ireland. 
" 8. James H. Leahy (b. Woonsocket, R. I.), s. Michael and 

Mary (McKenna), both b. Ireland. 
" 8. Etta Thompson, d. John R., b. Maine, and Elenora 

(Raymond), b. South Boston. 
" 10. Amy B. Adler, d. Leonard, b. Germany, and Catherine 

F., b. Switzerland. 

[TO BE CONTINUED.] 



HYDE PARK STEAM LAUNDRY 



OPPOSITE N. Y. & N. E. DEPOT. 



Positively no Lime, Acids or Washing Compounds Used. 
Collars and Cuffs a Speciality. 



L.. 7^. bick:i=ord. 



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FOR 



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LEWANDO'S FRENCH DYE HOUSE, 

HYDE PARK STEAM LAUNDRY, 

DEMOREST SEWING MACHINES. 



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NEPONSET BLOCK, 



DAViS & CO., 



HYDE PARK. 



WEDDING INVITATIONS, 
RECEPTION INVITATIONS, 
CALLING CARDS, ETC. 

Engraved or Printed. 

First Class Work. 



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Station Street, - - HYDE PARK. 



THE ONLY PLACE 

— IN — 

TO GET YOUR 



AT BOSTON PRICES 

— IS AT — 

H. D. HIGGINS'. 

— • Boots, Shoes and Rubbers • — 

40 FAIRMOUNT AVE. 



H. 7V\:PkRKS, 

20 FAIRMOUNT AVENUE. 

GRADING MRROHANi:" 



"TAILaOR. 



The tailorinpj for designs In high style and quality to which everyone inclines. He 
has the latest fashions, and charges are but fair. He has French and English Worsteds, 
and Melton Tweeds and Cassimeres which he wants you to inspect. He makes them up in 
elegant style, and cuts and tits neat, all the latest styles of garments, and he does his work 
so complete. None can make up clothing more stylish, strong or neat. With any in Hyde 
Park he is ready to compete. 



DR. C. A. LESLIE, Chas. Sturtevant, M.D. 



bENT15T, 



25 Central Ave., HYDE PARK. 
OflQce Hours, 1 to 5 p.m. Usually in evenings, 



HOMOEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN. 



2T E?5ST F2IVER ST. 



EDMUND DAVIS, 

COUNSEL-LOR •*• KT •*• LKifl^. 

Rooms 2 and 3 Bank Building. 

Residence 27 Albion St., HYDE PARK. 



7^. G. CHIL-DS, 



DEALER IN 



Drugs, Medicines and Chemicals, 

FANCY AND TOILET ARTICLES, 
SPONGES, BRUSHES, PERFUMERY, ETC. 

Choice Domestic and Imported Cigars. 

©^^Physicians' Prescriptions carefully compounded. 

30 FAIRMOUNT AVE. - - - HYDE PARK, MASS. 

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Ladies' Shampooing and Children's Work Done at Home if Desired. 

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Why Not Have Your Printing Done at the Same Place? 



^i^ss 



^ i^'i ^DE Park 

HISTORICAL RECORD 



Vol. I. JANUARY, 1892. No. 4. 



CONTENTS: 

Frontispiece, Benjamin Franklin Radford, Facing Page 57 

Benjamin Franklin Radford - 57 

A Revolutionary Hero - 59 

Pemaquid and Monhegan (Concluded), C/ias. Levi Woodbury, 61 
John Ellery Piper, Rev. Perley B. Davis - - - 65 
Reminiscences of Twenty Years Ago - - - ^7 
Hyde Park Births, (Continued), Edwin C. Jenney - - 68 
Index 73 



PUBLISHED BY THE 

HYDE PARK HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

HYDE PARK, MASS. 



The Hyde Park Historical Record. 

EDITOR: 

EDMUND DAVIS. 

COMMITTEE OF PUBLICATION: 

EDMUND DAVIS, LOUISE M. WOOD, 

JOS. KING KNIGHT, WALLACE D. LOVELL, 

CHARLES F. JENNEY. 

Business Manages, GEORGE F. ELDRIDGE. 



All literary communications should be addressed to the Editor; subscriptions 

and business communications to the Business Manager. 
The Recokd will be published quarterly — in January, April, July and October. 



SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, 50 cents per year. SINGLE NUMBERS, 15c. 
Entered at the Post-oflSce at Hyde Park as second-class matter. 

•^1- MULISH, D. iA£KRD. I^ 

Watches, Jewelry and Silverware. 

Clocks, Eye=g!asses, Spectacles, 

STATIONERY KND OVJTL-ERV. 

Great care taken in the selection of goods as regards style and quality. Prices low. 

YOUR TRADE SOLICITED. 
EVERETT SQUARE, - - - HYDE PARK. 

THOMAS E. FAUNCE, 
INSURJ^NCE. 

25 VEKHS' ©XPSRIENCE. 

Phenix Insurance Co., Brooklyn. American Insurance Co., Philadelphia. 

Northern Assurance Co., England. German American Insurance Co., N. Y. 
Lancashire Insurance Co., Eng. Providence- Washington In sura^ice Co., Prov. 
California Insurance Co., Cat. British American Assurance Co., Toronto. 

Equitable F.& M. Insurance Co., Prov. Abington Mutual Fire Ins. Co.,Abington. 



EVERETT SQUARE, HYDE PARK, MASS. 



THE 



HYDE PARK HISTORICAL RECORD. 

Vol. I. JANUARY, 1892. No. 4. 



BENJAMIN F. RADFORD. 

Benjamin Franklin, son of Daniel and Dorcas (Barton) 
Radford, was born in Portland, Me., October 11, 1827. His 
ancestors were of English descent, and were among the first 
settlers in that locality. 

At the early age of twelve he was placed with a farmer in 
East Limington, Me., to serve until he became of age, but by a 
fortunate turn of events, in 1842, he was released from this obli- 
gation. With an instinct for his future calling, the lad of fifteen 
began to learn his trade as a machinist in Manchester, N. H. In 
1846 he removed to Gloucester, N. J., and, although but a youth, 
became a contractor for the manufacture of cotton machinery, 
employing from twenty to fifty men. 

From 1850 to 1857 Mr. Radford was employed in and about 
Boston, for the greater part of the time as superintendent for 
Howard & Davis, manufacturers of clocks and sewing machines. 
In 1858 he became a member of the firm of George Fox & Co., 
having its place of business upon Kingston street, Boston. In 
1864 this firm transferred its business to the newly organized 
American Tool and Machine Company, and ever since that time 
Mr. Radford has been connected with that corporation ; first as 
superintendent of construction, and now as president and general 
manager. 

In 1872 this company found it necessary to enlarge its furnace 
or foundry department, and erecting suitable buildings for the 
same in Hyde Park it removed thence from Woburn, where for 
some years it had rented a foundry. The first year in Hyde Park 



58 Benjamm F. Radford. 

it employed twenty-four men. Since that time it has added to 
the foundry, and has erected in Hyde Park other buildings for the 
various departments of its business, and now gives employment 
to about 275 men in addition to the 125 that it still keeps 
occupied in its Boston shop. The weekly pay roll in Hyde Park 
is about $3,300. 

In 1855 Mr. Radford was married to Miss Anna M. Hale, then 
of Worcester, Mass., but born in Stillwater, Maine. In 1865 he 
moved to his present residence on Fairmount avenue, then in 
Milton. Mr. Radford was one of the petitioners for the incorpo- 
ration of the new town of Hyde Park and when that event 
occurred he took a lively interest in the young municipality. He 
was a member of its first three boards of selectmen, and served a 
fourth term in 1873-74, ^^'^ has also acted upon many important 
committees, always rendering valuable service. 

Mr. Radford was one of the associate incorporators of the 
Hyde Park Savings Bank when it was organized in 187 1. He was 
one of its vice-presidents from 1871 to 1874 ^^'^^^ again from 1888 
to date ; he also served as a trustee and member of the important 
board of investment from 1880 to 1887. He was one of the 
incorporators of the Hyde Park Water Company in 1884, and 
served on the first and every succeeding board of directors of 
that corporation. Mr. Radford was president of the Waverly 
Club from its organization in 1880 to the present year; is also 
a member of Hyde Park Lodge, F. & A. M., and has been one 
of the vice-presidents of the Hyde Park Historical Society 
ever since its formation. His religious affiliations are with the 
Methodist church. In politics he was formerly prominently 
identified with the Republican party but in later years his sturdy 
independence has manifested itself in this, as in other matters, 
and Mr. Radford is now classed as an independent in 
politics. 

Mr. and Mrs. Radford have been blessed with a family of ten 
children. P'our of these — James Edward, William Francis, 
Frank Hale and Paul Revere — survive and. reside in Hyde Park. 
The other six — Annie Louise, Daniel and Luther (twins), 
Benjamin Franklin, Jr., Charles Augustine and George Hill 
— have deceased. 

Strong and sturdy of physique, resolute and determined of 
will, the subject of our sketch always makes a forcible impression 



A Revolutionary Hero. 59 

upon all who meet him, and is a power in whatever he undertakes. 
When the history of Hyde Park shall be written his name will be 
one of those most prominently mentioned. Closely identified 
with, and a potential factor in, her social, political, and industrial 
interests, our town must ever place high upon the roll of her 
honored citizens the name of Benjamin F. Radford. 



A REVOLUTIONARY HERO. 

On the extreme easterly coast of Maine, near Eastport, is 
a sparsely populated town. In 1880, its population was but 552, 
and its valuation, $49,335.00. It was incorporated February 7, 
1827, under the name of Trescott. This name was adopted in 
commemoration of Major Lemuel Trescott. Probably no other 
person receiving such honor ever resided in the territory 
now comprised in Hyde Park. His record shows that he well 
deserved it. 

Lemuel Trescott was born in Dorchester and, beyond 
reasonable doubt, at the old Trescott Homestead, that stood in 
or near the northerly corner of Wood avenue (then sometimes 
known as Trescott's Lane) and River street. He was a descend- 
ant in the following line from William Trescott, one of the 
earliest settlers of Dorchester, who was admitted as freeman May 
10, 1644, and died September 11, 1699, aged 84 years 8 months: 
John Trescott, born October 8, 1651, died January 22, 1742; 
John Trescott, born March 30, 1687, died April 27, 1767; John 
Trescott, born September 25, 1724, died April 28, 1804; Lemuel 
Trescott, born March 23, 175 1, died in Lubec, Me., August 10, 1826. 

Lemuel Trescott served his time as a carpenter in Boston, 
and was orderly sergeant of the Boston Grenadiers. When but 
twenty-four years of age he was a captain in Jonathan Brewer's 
regiment at Bunker Hill. He served through the siege of 
Boston. His service in the Continental troops commenced 
January i, 1777. He became a major in Col. Henry Jackson's 
regiment. May 20, 1778. His service continued through the 
entire war, and he had, according to Dr. James Thacher's Military 
Journal, the reputation of being "an excellent disciplinarian, an 
active and vigilant officer, and one well acquainted with his duty." 
William H. Kilby's History of Eastport and Passamaquoddy 



6o A Revolutionary Hero. 

states that "he commanded a battalion of light infantry under 
La Fayette, enjoyed the confidence of Washington, and was an 
upright and patriotic man." The principal exploit with which his 
name is connected is the capture of Fort Slongo, L. I., October 3, 
1781. Of this, Thacher, a contemporary, says: "This enterprise 
was conducted with much address and gallantry, reflecting great 
honor on the commander and his little party." During the admin- 
istration of John Adams he was selected by Washington as a 
colonel in the provisional army raised in anticipation of war with 
France. He was offered a commission as colonel in 1812, but 
declined. He was one of the original members of the Massa- 
chusetts branch of the Society of Cincinnati. 

Soon after the revolution he was in the vicinity of what is 
now Eastport, Me., extensively engaged in lumbering. From the 
excellent Bangor Historical Magazine we learn that he was, in 
1784, trading in fish and lumber, at Moose Island, near Eastport. 
In 1798, when that town was incorporated, he was its first 
treasurer. He also held many other town offices. He was for 
many years collector of customs for the Machias and Passama- 
quoddy districts, and also had charge of the erection of the 
battery and block-house at Fort Sullivan, at Eastport. In 1824 
he visited Boston expressly to see his old commander, La Fayette. 
The same year he was chosen a presidential elector, but did not 
serve. After the second war with Great Britain he resided at 
Lubec, and died there, leaving no issue. His funeral services 
were largely attended and military escort was furnished. When 
Eastport, soon after, built a public hall it was called Trescott 
Hall in token of the high regard entertained for him. 

It is but recently that the place of his birth and boyhood was 
determined. His last known connection with what is now Hyde 
Park was in 181 5, when he conveyed his interest in real estate 
in the westerly part of Dorchester, which he had inherited from 
his father. This land is at or near the present southwesterly 
corner of West and River streets, Hyde Park. Surely it is fitting 
to pay a passing tribute to the memory of this man and place his 
name upon our roll of honor.' 

I Special acknowledgment is due to the authorities referred to in the text for 
very valuable information. 



Pemaquid and Monhegan. 6i 

PEMAQUID AND MONHEGAN. 

BY CHARLES LEVI WOODBURY. 
[concluded from page 50.] 
In 1729, Dunbar, the governor under a royal order of the 
province of Sagadahoc, fixed his headquarters at Pemaquid. He 
rebuilt the fallen fort and called it 

FORT FREDERIC 

In 1735, the jurisdiction was turned over again to Massachu- 
setts, and in 1737 the fort was dismantled. In 1740 it was 
repaired, and 1744 it was strengthened for the French War, in 
which the colonial forces captured Louisburg. Canada remained 
still a potential instigator of frontier troubles. 

In 1745, there were attacks on Fort Frederic; 1746, two 
more; 1747, two more, but 1748 brought the peace of Aix la 
Chapelle. 

In 1750, another Indian War broke out, and in 1755 the new 
French War broke out v/hich, after the most intense struggle 
of the two powers, closed by the capture of Quebec in 1759, 
and the surrender of all Canada and the obliteration of the 
frontier. 

The ancestors of the most of us were in this war of conquest 
for the sake of that peace which the reunion of the whole settled 
continent under one flag affords to the industrious and home- 
loving citizen, and around the old hearthstones family traditions 
are yet proudly handed down of the gallant deeds that made the 
forts at Pemaquid a military supernumerary. 

In 1758, the troops were withdrawn from Pemaquid ; 1762, the 
cannon of Fort Frederic were taken out and shipped to Boston. 
The broken Indian power lost all hope when Canada fell; the 
remnant of their tribes were compelled to rely on the colonials for 
trade and supplies. The swords were beaten into ploughshares. 
The old fort leisurely rotted away, standing as a souvenir of the 
fierce and dubious struggle during a century and a half in which 
Pemaquid had been the hope or the stay of the English race in 
New England, the fore front of our battle for supremacy on this 
continent. 

1775 yields us one more glimpse of the old fort. The men 
of the duke's country were all patriots; their worthies like the 



62 Pemaquid and Monhegan. 

fighting O' Brians, the Sprouls, and others, live yet in the local 
annals of Bristol and the state. 

The coast was exposed to the piratical devastations of the 
navy of Great Britain ; we could not match it, and it was 
aj-jprehended tliat, could they fortify a good harbor as a base 
of operations, the coasts of Maine, New Hampshire, and Massa- 
chusetts might be lighted with the flames of burning houses and 
I)lundered as it had been in King Phillip's War. The English 
have ever shown a constitutional partiality for this kind of 
warfare in their contests with the American people. It was felt 
that the old fort was too big to be defended by Pemaquid, and 
too dangerous in an enemy's hands. A town meeting voted 
to pull down the fort, and strong hands quickly toppled over its 
old walls. The gates and platforms were already rotted, and 
in a few weeks the ruins of P'ort P^rederic were much in the 
condition that I beheld them more than a hundred years 
afterwards. 

In 1 812, Captain Sproul's company made their camp at the 
old fort, but did not rebuild it. They had several skirmishes 
during the war with plumlering boat expeditions from British 
Men-of-War, which are duly narrated in the excellent History 
of Bristol. 

Pemaquid has for half a century been frequented by historians, 
and antiquaries. Rows of almost obliterated cellars mark where 
houses once stood. A paved way has partly been laid bare by the 
removal of a foot or more of earth which had accumulated above 
it which seems to have led from the shore past the fort. Curious 
eyes also think they see evidences of a Spanish occupation 
earlier than the P'rench or P^nglish era. A collection of relics 
is slowly accumulating there. The mossy stones of the old 
graveyard join in the chorus that Pemaquid is dead, engulfed 
in victory ! 

The frontier has been moved a hundred miles eastward of the 
Penobscot. The beaver and the Indian have been wiped out. 
The fishery has changed its character except at Monhegan. The 
former elements of its prosperity have ceased to exist. 

In its harbor a stray coaster or a placid yachtsman seeks 
perhaps a refuge from fog or storm. And on a sunny day many 
a lively sloop or cat-boat from the city-peopled islands around 
Boothbay, Mouse or Squirrel, Heron or Capital, Rutherford, Isle 



Pemaquid and Monhegan. 63 

of Spring, or Fisherman, laden with happy, laughing, holiday 
residents, steers boldly through the reef-bound "thread of life" 
and speeds to these relics of New England's early struggle for 
existence. On those who have read its story these scenes make 
a deep impression. 

Nine or ten miles off Pemaquid Point Monhegan towers like 
a cathedral. Westward, about the like distance, lay the Damrel's 
Cove Islands and Cape Newwagen. A half dozen miles beyond 
is the Sagadahoc of the Popham settlement, almost within signal 
distance lie these points of the triangle, within whose theatre 
were developed the struggles for the settlement and dominion 
of New England I have crudely laid before you. Here from 
the West of England, Devon and Somerset, gentlemen and 
fishermen, drove their keels first to its shores, and strove, gaining 
inch by inch, never relenting until the New England homesteads 
gathered under their lee to enjoy the blessings of civil and 
religious liberty. 

A'J" PEMAQLUD. 

The martial din is over. No flag flaunts from its bastions on 
the breeze, no wide-mouthed cannon stares over barbette or 
through port -hole, no morning gun wakes the .sleepy inhabitants 
or the cruising sailor from his watch below. The mailed cavalier, 
the grim Puritan, the feathered Abnaqui chief, the French 
man-at-arms, the rollicking, May-pole planting fishermen of the 
West of England, the trading Dutchman, the land pirate and 
the sea pirate walk no more by daylight on the shores of 
Pemaquid ; but when the spirits of the past come back at 
midnight the old Bashaba and these mighty men of past 
generations may gather in the mystic vision like the wild 
huntsmen of the Hartz Mountains. But other realistic visions 
might be also mirrored forth ; the sky be relighted with the blaze 
of burning houses, barns and ships ; the air wearied with the war 
whoop and the screams of wounded or dying men, the wail of 
women and children, the cries of battle and of the despair of 
plundered farmers and drowning fishermen. It was in blood, 
tears, pain, labor, and unrelenting perseverance that this land 
was won by the fishermen and the colonists. As the fruit of 
their sacrifices, in peace, plenty and prosperity we look back on 
the past. May I not ask of the warm-hearted members of the 



64 Pemaquid and Monhegan. 

Historical Society of Hyde Park a tribute to the memory of those 
hardy fishermen and landsmen, who breasted the storm of war by 
Pemaquid, until this land became, in fact. New England and not 
New France. 



Opposition of Milton to Incorporation of Hyde Park. — 
When it was proposed to incorporate the present town of Hyde 
Park in part from the territory of Milton, while that municipality 
did not oppose the formation of the new town, it did successfully 
object to the line sought for by the petitioners. The official re- 
port of the town of Milton for the year ending Feburary i, 1869, 
contains the following as to the action of that town in opposing 
the boundary asked for : — 

"The committee appointed at a special town meeting to con- 
sider the question of boundary between Milton and Hyde Park, 
and to protect the interests of the town, beg leave to report : — 

"That they have given careful attention to the duty assigned 
them, and have succeeded in locating the line of Hyde Park along 
the ridge of the hill, in rear of Brush Hill road, ceding to Hyde 
Park from four to six hundred acres of the territory of Milton, but 
retaining in Milton all the inhabitants of Brush Hill, with a part 
of their lands. 

"The committee were assured that the magnitude of the in- 
terest in question warranted the use of the 7/nu^ efficient means. 

"Immediately on their organization they took means to secure 
the best helpers, and together with these, for a period of three 
months, they prosecuted the work until the result above named 
was reached. 

"The committee cannot but congratulate the town on this 
happy and successful issue. Though at a somewhat large expen- 
diture, they have saved to the town the inhabitants of Brush Hill 
and their beautiful territory. 

"The comrnittee also takes pleasure in stating that a generous 
sum was raised by the residents of the disputed territory, and ap- 
propriated for expenses, not appearing in the account herewith sub- 
mitted." Then follows in the report an itemized statement of 
expenditures amounting to $2,917.38. 



John Ellery Piper. 65 

JOHN ELLERY PIPER. 

BY REV. PERLEY B. DAVIS. 

John Ellery Piper was born in Dublin, N. H., November 
29, 1830. He was the son of John, and Prudence (Greenwood) 
Piper. (See Leonard's History of Dublin, N. H., (1855) 382-384.) 
His early life was spent amid the quiet scenes and healthful 
influences of his native town. He was an apt pupil in 
the common and high schools of his birth-place, and also at the 
Seminary in the neighboring town of Hancock. At the age of 
eighteen years he taught school in the town of Marlboro, N. H. 
At nineteen years of age he came to Boston and entered into 
business with his uncle, Solomon Piper, then an extensive and 
widely known dealer in coal and building material. The nephew 
remained in this business in the city forty-one years, and was on 
the way to his office when death suddenly removed him. 

Mr. Piper was married June 5, 1855, to Miss Sarah Mason 
Hayward, whose parents were Edward, and Emily (Foster). For 
twelve years the home of this couple was in Boston. During this 
time Mr. Piper, besides taking high rank as a proverbially upright 
and trustworthy business man, became actively interested in 
philanthropic and religious enterprises. He engaged in various 
kinds of mission work, and was a visitor in the Boston Provident 
Association. 

In 1867, four children having then been born to them, Mr. and 
Mrs. Piper removed from Boston to Hyde Park. Their residence 
from first to last has been in the P^airmount district ; and few 
homes in any community have been the centre of a larger or 
truer love, devotion and enjoyment. Although an extremely 
busy man, whose multiplied duties absorbed his time and strength 
and kept him much from his family, his affection and interest 
respecting the home circle were intense. 

He held a high place in public esteem. In the city he was 
a member of the Mechanics' Exchange and of the Master 
Builders' Association. In Hyde Park he was called to fill various 
offices of trust. From 1871 to 1873 he was a member of the 
Board of Selectmen, and served a third term in 1880-83. He 
served on different important town committees. He was a 



66 John EHery Piper. 

member of the Hyde Park Historical Society; also one of the 
associate incorporators of the Hyde Park Savings Bank ; was one 
of its trustees in 1873, 1874, and 1877 to 1881 ; was vice-president 
of the same in 1875 and 1876, and from 1882 to 1890; and also 
served on its board of investment and auditing committee. His 
excellent judgment, candor and uncompromising integrity in- 
spired the confidence of all. 

In early life and during his residence in Boston his religious 
associations were with those of the Unitarian faith. On coming 
to Hyde Park he made the First Congregational Church his place 
of worship, and soon, adopting the views held by this body, 
entered into church membership. Here he became a pillar of 
strength, a counsellor of rare wisdom, and a brother greatly 
respected and beloved by all. For many years he was a teacher 
in the Sunday School. For nineteen years, by successive 
re-elections, he was called to serve the church as deacon. He 
was universally known in the community as Deacon Piper. The 
office and the man were well fitted. 

On the beautiful morning of April 28, 1891, as he was nearing 
the depot to take the train for the city, he was struck by an 
engine, of whose approach he was probably unaware. His death 
was instantaneous. Neighbors and friends, including his young- 
est son, who were standing near and witnessed the accident, 
gathered at once around the lifeless body. Strong men wept. 
As the news rapidly spread gloom settled upon the community. 
Everyone felt he had lost a friend. He was one of the few men 
who live above reproach, and his removal caused deep and 
universal sadness. 

He left children as follows : Edward Ellery, Alice Greenwood 
(Mrs. Fred Y. French), Marion Sarah (Mrs. Oscar W. Whitcher), 
Arthur Willard and Mabel Emily. 



Reminiscences of Twenty Years Ago. 67 



REMINISCENCES OF TWENTY YEARS AGO. 

It was on the 17th of June, 1871, that I took a seat in the cars 
of the Boston and Providence Railroad Company, at the old 
station at the foot of Boston Common, for my first visit to Hyde 
Park. I had for companions our former townsmen, Wm. H. H. 
Andrews, Esq., and Hobart M. Cable. Both of these gentlemen 
were then active in the town's affairs. Mr. Andrews was in 
the practice of his profession, having an office in Boston as 
well as Hyde Park. Mr. Cable resided on Austin street and 
was the New England agent for A. S. Barnes & Co., office 32 
Bromfield street, Boston. 

In due time "Hyde Park" was called by the conductor, and 
we alighted at that old, odd-looking building then used as a depot, 
but afterwards moved to Green street and used by Mr. Clark as 
a store. I cannot classify its architecture. This building, with 
the "spread eagle" shed on the west side of the tracks, covering 
the steps leading up to the streets, made an impression not 
altogether favorable. Passing from the station on our way to the 
Everett House I recall the streets as comparatively new, with 
sidewalks of earth and gravel, while the buildings were few. 

Upon the right, as we walked along, stood the store of 
Messrs. Boynton and Rogers, now of C. T. Lovell, and the 
Episcopal church, while on the left the old house owned by the 
Hopkirk sisters stood where Mr. Raymond's block now stands. 
Next, a house standing back from the street on the site of the 
new Waverly Hall; further along was H. C. Stark's store, while 
upon the site of Everett Block was a dwelling-house, I believe, 
occupied by Mr. Morrill, father-in-law of the late Joel F. Goodwin. 
From the Everett House I noticed the buildings now occupied 
by Mr. Worden and Mr. Tuckerman ; also Odd P'ellows' Block, in 
which W. H. Ingersoll had his store of gentlemen's furnishings. 
About the "square" were Dorr's block, now occupied by Mr. 
Coffin ; Cobb's Block, the block and old house between Central 
avenue and River street ; while the Neponset Block, afterwards 
burned, was receiving its finishing touches, as was also the brick 
block of Mr. Beatey. The Congregational Church stood upon its 
present site but was much smaller than now. 



68 Reminiscences of Tiventy Years Ago. 

After a good dinner at the Everett House, then kept by- 
Frank McAlvey, and where I met for the first time our genial 
postmaster, Samuel R. Moseley, we strolled down Fairmount 
avenue and ascended the long flight of stone steps leading to 
Mount Neponset, at a point just in the rear of the dwelling-house 
of Rev. Dr. Amos Webster. Here we had a fine view. I could 
see the houses, quite scattered, upon the side of Fairmount. 
The "Hlake" school-house, now called Fairmount, was not quite 
completed. To the south, in the Readville district, could be seen 
the tall chimneys and roofs of the large rolling mills of the New 
England Iron Company. Mr. J. B. Richardson was then superin- 
tendent of these works and employed a large number of men. 
Near these mills were the planing mill and lumber yard of B. F. 
Leach ; Glover & Wilcomb's curled hair factory ; the tannery, 
then or subsequently, of D. M. & F. A. Easton were also in that 
vicinity ; the " Damon " School building had been built the year 
before ; while nearer and at the foot of the hill was the chimney 
of the Hyde Park Woollen Mill. This mill was then in operation 
but was subsequently burned. On Sunnyside stood Gordon Hall. 
The Grew School building was approaching completion. The 
Union Vise Co.'s factory appeared in the distance. This factory 
was much enlarged and is now operated by the Brainard Milling 
Machine Co. 

Wending our way to the Boston, Hartford & Erie Station 
we passed the store of Barney Connor, then in Whipple's 
Block. So well satisfied was I with the appearance of the 
town that the next month I became one of its citizens. 



HYDE PARK BIRTHS. 

COMMUNICATED BY EDWIN C. JENNEY. 
1870. 
[continued from page 56.] 

Jan. 12. Mary Long (b. Brookline), d. Thomas and Ellen (Daly), 

both b. Ireland. 
" 14. Sarah H. Williams (b. E. Bridgewater), d. Francis C, b. 

Boston, and Mary H. G., b. Bolton, Mass. 
" 17. Ida M. Luther, d. Edward E., b. Taunton, and Jane B., b. 

Ireland. 
" 17. Catherine W. Cannon, d. Michael and Winiford H., both 

b. Ireland. 



Hyde Park Births. 69 

Jan. 19. Mary Curran (b. Boston), d. Stephen and Marie C, both 

b. Ireland. 
" 23. Charles V. Edwards, s. Charles L. and Eleanor J. W., 

both b. England. 
" 26. George M. Butler, s. George H., b. Charlestown, and 

Harriet P. W., b. Nantucket. 
" 28. Charles W. Neal, s. Andrew B., b. Exeter, Me., and 

Patience S., b. England. 
" 30. Margaret M. Kelly, (b. Milton), d. Thomas and Ellen L., 

both b. Ireland. 
" 31. George Charles, s. George, b. Ireland, and Annie 

(McAvoy), b. New York. 
" 31. Mary Ann O'Donnell, d. Alexander and Johanna P., both 

b. Ireland. 
"31. Martha H. Mollis, d. Charles H., b. So. Boston, and 

Anna M., b. Stoughton. 
Feb. 3. George M. Warner (b. Westboro), s. William R., b. 

Walpole, N. H., and Ellen M. H., b. Oakham. 
" 7. Joseph McDonough, s. John and Julia S., both b. Ire- 
land. 
" II. Mabel E. Nickerson, d. P'ranklin L., b. No. Dartmouth, 

Mass., and Annie E. (Bacon), b. Needham. 
" II. James Denin, s. John, b. Taunton, and Margaret R., b. 

Ireland. 
" 13. Annie E. Hamrock, d. Henry and Ann H., both b. 

Ireland. 
" 18. Bedelia Riley, d. Joseph and Margaret W., both b. 

Ireland. 
"21. Edward H. Killion (b. Roxbury), s. John, b. Ireland, and 

Rosanna H., b. Dorchester. 
" 22. Charles T. Brownell (b. Newport, R. I.), s. William S. 

and Mary E., both b. Newport, R. I. 
" 23. John T. Davin, s. Matthew, b. New York, and Margaret 

B., b. Newfoundland. 
" 23. Peter McGowan, s. Thomas and Catherine F., both b. 

Ireland. 
" 27. Bridget M. and Margaret A. Holmes, twin dd. of William 

and Sarah (O' Mealy), both b. Ireland. 
" 28. Charles Hanson, s. Henry, b. New York, and Fanny D., 

b. Ireland. 
" 28. Alexander Lothrop (b. Wrentham), s. John A. B., b. 

Barnstable, and Augusta C. A., b. Maine. 
Mar.— Joseph Glinn, s. Thomas and Hannah, both b. Ireland. 

" — Harris, d. Alfred and , both b. England. 

" I. Frederick J. Mercer, s. George and Emily N. (Johnston), 

both b. England. 
" 2. Charles E. Meister, s. Gustavus A. and Caroline S., both 

b. Germany. 



70 Hyde Park Births. 

Mar. 6. Charles E. Cable, s. Hobart M., and Ettie R. (Ells), 

both b. Walton, N. Y. 
" 10. Lillie M. Hilton, d. Warren W. and Orissa P. D., both b. 

Maine. 
" 10. Irving W. Middleton (b. Lowell), s. Henry and Mary M., 

both b. England. 
" 14. Fred E. Chesley (b. So. Boston), s. Samuel A., b. Port- 
land, Me., and Sarah H., b. Solon, Me. 
" 15. Catherine Haley, d. Patrick and Margaret G., both b. 

Ireland. 
" 18. Mary J. Foley, d. James and Hannah M., both b. Ire- 
land. 
" 18. Charles J. Ellis, s. Charles J., b. Dorchester, and Ada H., 

b. Canada. 
" 18. Dora M. Wiggin, d. George T., b. Durham, N. H., and 

Mary E., b. Bow, N. H. 
" 23. Mary E. Galvin, d. John, b. Ireland, and Catherine L., b. 

Boston. 
" 23. Luna Peters, d. Bruno and Anna A., both b. P. E. Island. 
" 28. Marion Blake, d. Alpheus P., b. Orange, N. H., and 

Ruth S., b. Pittsfield, N. H. 

Apr. — Kingsley, s. Charles and , both b. . 

" — William H. Gurney, s. Morris, b. Hampsted, N. Y., and 

Eliza, b. Ireland. 
" 3. George E. Rand (b. E. Boston), s. David S., b. Ports- 
mouth, N. H., and Sarah M., b. Boston. 
" 3. William R. Chamberlin (b. Southboro), s. Henry C, b. 

Southboro, and Mary S., b. Marlboro. 
" 7. Rose F. Rooney, d. Andrew D. and Mary, both b. 

Ireland. 
" g. Ambrose Barnwell, s. John and Mary A., both b. Ireland. 
" 13. Anna McLean Husted (b. Centreville, R. I.), d. Richard 

W., b. Hallowell, Me., and Anna (McLean), b. Nashville. 
" 14. Howard S. Adams, s. Henry S., b., b. Derry, N. H., and 

Hannah M., b. Newbury. 
" 15. Minnie J. Monroe, d. Joseph, b. New Brunswick, and 

Lydia A., b. Nova Scotia. 
" 18. Alice M. Sullivan (b. Lawrence), d. John, b. Ireland, and 

Naomi P., b. New Brunswick. 
" 18. James H. Barry, s. James and Margaret, both b. Ireland. 
" 20. Nora Lane, d. John and Eliza, both b. Ireland. 
" 22. Edward Burke, s. John and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
May — Charles Carter, s. Charles, b. England, and Harriet, b. 

Nova Scotia. 
" — Isaac Charles (b. New York), s. Isaac and Margaret, both 

b. Ireland. 
" 3. Daniel O'Brien, s. Daniel and Margaret, both b. Ireland. 
" 5. Mary C. Welsh, d. Lewis and Julia, both b. Ireland. 



Hyde Park Births. 7^ 

May 6. Cora E. Holt, d. John C, b. No. Andovcr, and Susan A., 
b. No. Chelsea. 
"8 or 9. Daniel C. Richardson, s. Alonzo H., b. Moultonboro, 

N. H., and Emeline E., b. Salem. 
" 16. George L. Knight, s. Albert, b. Portland, Me., and Eliz- 
abeth, b. Petersboro, N. H. 
" 16. John Nichols (Indian) (b. Pittsburg), s. Newell and 
Susan, both b. Oldtown, Me. 

" 30. Frederick A. Hodges, s. Addison S., b. Smithfield, R. I., 
and Esther A., b. New York. 

" 30. Mary O'Shea, d. Edward and Elizabeth, both b. Ireland. 

" 30. Thomas F. McLellan, s. Thomas, b. Scotland, and Mar- 
garet M., b. England. 
June— Margaret Daveran, d. Mark and Judy, both b. Ireland. 

" 2. John Iving, s. Martin and Mary, both b. Ireland. 

" 5. Herbert Jenkins, s. Howard and Eliza B., both b. 
Nantucket. 

" 6. Mary E. Foster, d. Alfred, b. Kingsclear, Eng., and Sarah 
E. (Brown), b. Deer Isle, Me. 

" 8 Alice Ells, d. Charles, b. Nova Scotia, and Ann, b. St. 
John, N. B. 

" 15. Frank A. Noyes, s. Frank A., b. Mame, and Sarah A., b. 
Roxbury. 

" 20. Alice W. Brown (b. Hingham), d. Joseph W. and Lucia 
E., both b. Abington. 

" 22. John Allen, s. Thomas and Ann, both b. Ireland. 

" 23. Edwin F. Corson (b. New Bedford), s. Charles M., b. 
Maine, and Helen M., b. Fairhaven. 

" 28. Ann E. Routley, d. Henry, b. England, and Mary E., b. 
Boston. 
July _ George Booswane, s. and , both b. Canada. 

'' — Franklin Scates, s. Jas. C, b. Vermont, and Mary, b. 
England. 

" — Annie M. Taylor (b. Connecticut), d. William, b. Eng- 
land, and Theresa, b. West Roxbury. 

" 2. Alice M. Price, d. William and Maria, both b. England. 

" 3. Edward Grant, s. Edward L., b. Vermont, and Julia, b. 
Maine. 

" 4. Charles C. McLaughlin (b. Nova Scotia), s. William H. 
and Alice, both b. Nova Scotia. 

" 6. Anna A. Homer, d. Joseph G., b. Conn., and Eliza A., b. 
Massachusetts. 

" 9. Anna L. Daley, d. Michael, b. Massachusetts, and Mar- 
garet, b. Ireland. 

" 9. John F. Beatey, s. John, b. Canada, and Annie J., b. 
Boston, Mass. 

" 10. William Green (b. Eastport, Me.), s. Robert, b. Maine, 
and Annie, b. St. John, N. B. 



72 Hyde Park Births. 

July 15. Fanny Scott, d. James M. and Mary S., both b. New 

Brunswick. 
" 16. Betsey Barrett, d. William and Julia, both b. Ireland. 
" ig. Cora B. Young, d. Isaac and Mary, both b. Maine. 
" 26. William Collins, s. Dennis and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" 27. Alice G. Noyes, d. George E., b. Castine, Me., and 

Annie T., b. England. 
Aug. — Minnie O'Keefe, d. Francis and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" — Carrie Churchill, d. Charles D., b. No. Bridgewater, and 

b. Georgia. 

" 2. John Gibbons, s. Martin and Mary, both b. Ireland. . 

" 7. Eva Ryan, d. Isaac Lyford, b. Linden, Vt., and Fanny, b. 

Vinalhaven, Me. 
" 8. Catherine Rofferty, d. Michael and Catherine, both b. 

Ireland. 
" 10. Ellen Kenney, d. Thomas and Maria, both b. Ireland. 
" II. Calief, s. G. Everett and Sarah F., both b. New 

Hampshire. 
" II. James Shea, s. Bartholomew and Ellen, both b. Ireland. 
" II. Carrie E. Campbell, d. Josiah, b. New Brunswick, and 

Carrie, b. Maine. 
" 15. William Ryan, s. Thomas and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" 18. Charles A. Radford, s. Benjamin F., b. Portland, Me., and 

Anna M. (Hale), b. Stillwater, Me. 
" 20. Sarah Concannon, d. Patrick and Bridget, both b. Ireland. 
" 25. Alfred L. Willard, s. Le Baron, b. Massachusetts, and 

Minerva, b. Uxbridge. 
" 31. Frederic Nichols (Indian), s. Joseph and Eliza, both b. 

Oldtown, Me. 

Sept. Small, s. John, b. Massachusetts, and Eliza, b. . 

" — George Morse, s. Edwin and Mary, both b. . 

" — Ann Cunningham, d. John and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" I. George Wood, s. William and Celia, both b. England. 
" 2. Julia N. Whitehouse (b. Boston), d. George H., b. Oxford, 

Me., and Clara T., b. Lawrence. 
" 9. John Corbett (b. Attleboro), s. Jeremiah, b. Ireland, and 

Ellen, b. Connecticut. 
" II. Bridget McCowler, d. John and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" 12. Dennis Harrigan, d. John and Ann, both b. Ireland. 
" 12. Williams, d. John M., b. New Castle, Me., and 

Abbie M., b. Ouincy. 
" 15. Lucy K. Sears, d. H. G. O., b. No. Rochester, and Mary, 

b. New Bedford. 
" 19. Brackett, d. John S., b. Great Falls, N. H., and 

Bessie E., b. Strafford, N. H. 
" 20. John Ready, s. Patrick, b. Ireland, and Julia F., b. Canada. 
" 24. David A. Bancroft, s. David C, b. Philadelphia, Pa., and 

Lydia A., b. Taunton. 

[to be continued.] 



i:n^dex. 



The same name may appear more than once upon the same page. 



Abington, Mass., 71. 

Adams, 4, 70. 

Adler, 15, 56. 

Alden, 28. 

Aldrich, 28, 55. 

Aldworth, 26. 

Allen, 4, 5, 35, 71. 

Alua, Me., 55. 

Alvord, ig. 

American Tool and Machine Co., 57. 

Andover, Mass., 17. 

Andrew, ) . 

Andrews, J ^5. 5i» 5-, o?- 

Angell, 35. 

Argal, 20, 21. 

Arlington, Mass., 4, 54. 

Armstrong, 55, 56. 

Ashburnham, Mass., 5. 

Ashby, Mass., 4. 

Atherton, 46. 

Attleborougb, Mass., 72. 

Augusta, Me., 15, 16. 

Bachelder, 3. 
Bacon, 69. 
Badlam, 28. 
Eailey, 53. 
Baker, 29. 
Ballou, 12. 
Baltimore, Md., 36. 
Bancroft, 16, 72. 
Bangor, Me., 60. 
Barnes, 67. 

Barnstable, Mass., 69, 
Barnwell, 35, 70. 
Barrett, 36, 72. 
Barry, 70. 
Barton, 57. 
Bates, 34. 
Bath, Me., 16. 
Beatey, 67, 71. 
Bedford, N. H., 54. 
Belgrade, Me., 16. 
Berlin, Mass., 16. 
Bernard ston, Mass., 15. 
Biard, 20, 21. 
Biencourt, 20. 



Birch, 29. 

Birmingham, Eng., 19. 

Blake, 15, 31, 68, 70. 

Blazo, 56. 

Bleakie, 2, 3. 

Block, 22. 

Boalman, 54. 

Boardman, 29. 

Boies, 29. 

Bolton, 56. 

Bolton, Mass., 68. 

Booswane, 71. 

Boston, Mass., 4, 5, 10, 16-19, 30-32 

34-41, 51-57, 59, 65-67, 69-72. 
Bow, N. H., 70. 
Boynton, 67. 
Brackett, 72. 
Bradbury, 35. 
Bradford, 26. 
Brainard, 2, 3, 68. 
Bredt, 34. 
Brewer, 59. 
Bristol, N. H., 16, 
Bristol, Me., 62. 
Brookline, Mass., 32, 35, 68. 
Brooklyn, N. Y., 34. 
Brooks, 34. 
Brown, 35, 54, 55, 71. 
Brownell, 69. 
Brush Hill, 64. 
Bull, 47. 
Bullard, 28. 
Bunker Hill, 59. 
Bun ton, 2, 3. 
Burke, 16, 70. 
Burns, 54-56. 
Butler, 9, II, 29, 69. 

Cable, 3, 67, 70. 
Cabot, 7. 
Calef, 72. 




Campton, JN. H., 32. 
Canada, 36, 53, 70-72. 
Cannon, 34, 56, 68. 



74 



Index. 



Canton, Mass., 31, 32. 

Capen, n. 

Carlisle, Mass., 36. 

Cairingtou, 3. 

Carter, 70. 

C artier, 7. 

Castine, Me., 72. 

Centre ville, K. I., 70. 

Chamberlin, 70. 

Champlain, 8, 20, 21, 24. 

Charles, 69, 70. 

Charlestftwn, Mass., 16, 34, 69. 

Chelsea, Mass., (?), 71. 

Cheney, 51, 52. 

Chesley, 70. 

Chicago, 111., 30. 

Chick, 2, 3, 13, 32, 52. 

Child, 10, II. 

Clappville, 56. 

Clark, ) , 

Clarke, i 5' 9, 29, 54, 67. 

Chubb, 49. 
Churchill, 53, 72. 
Claffy, 53. 
Cobb, 3, 52, 67. 
Cock, 47. 
Coffin, 67. 
Colburn, 17, 53. 
Colby, 53. 
Cole, 37. 
Coleman, 4, 55. 
Collins, 35, 36, 72. 
Coltman, 19. 
Concannon, 16, 72. 
Concord, Mass., 4. 
Condon, 36. 
Connecticut, 16, 71, 72. 
Connell, 54. 
Connoly, 36. 
Connor, 29, 68. 
Cookshire, Can., 36. 
Cooper, 36. 
Corbett, 35, 72. 
Corrigan, 53. 
Corson, 41, 71. 
Cortoreal, 7. 
Cotter, 2, 3, 52. 
Couch, 33. 
Co well, 36. 
Cox, 36, 55. 
Crane, 9-12, 29. 
Cripps, 36. 
Cullen, 54. 
Cunningham, 72. 
Curran, 69. 
Curley, 53. 
Cushing, 55. 

Dale, 54. 
Daly, 68, 71. 



Damon, 28, 68. 

Darling, 15. 

Dartmouth, Mass., 69. 

Daveran, 71. 

Davin, 69. 

Davis, 1-3, 50, 52, 54, 55, 57, 65. 

Dean, 5. 

Dedham, 10, 12, 15, 26-28,31-33,35,40, 

43, 51. S3, 55- 56. 
Deep lliver. Conn., 34. 
Deer Isle, Me., 16, 35, 55, 56, 71. 
De Monts, 8. 
Denin, 69. 
Derby, Vt., 15. 
Dernier, 24. 
Deny, N. H., 70. 
Dickey, 56. 
Dillen, 36. 
Dixmont, Me., 34. 
Dolan, 15, 35, 53, 54. 
Donahoe, 55. 
Donavan, 54, 55. 
Dorchester, 9-12, 17, 27-29, 40, 43, 44, 

53-55. 59, 60, 69, 70. 
Dorr, 67. 

Douglas, Mass., 16, 35. 
Dow, 55. 
Downey, 36, 55. 
Draent, 36. 
Driscoll, 54. 
Dublin, N. H., 65. 
Duffey, 54. 
Duggan, 35, 54. 
Dummer, 50. 
Dunstable, Mass., 16. 
Durham, N. H., 70. 
Dutton, 55. 
Dwiglit, 27. 

East Bridgewater, 68. 

East Greenwich, K. I., 15. 

East Limington, Me., 57. 

Easton, 68. 

Eastport, Me., 15, 34, 59, 60, 71. 

Eaton, 56. 

Edwards, 34, 69. 

Elbridge, 26. 

Elliot. 36. 

Ellis, II, 26-28, 36, 70. 

Ells, 69, 71. 

Endicott, 31. 

England, 11, 15, 16, 34,36,53-56,69-72. 

Enneking, 36. 

Estey, 51, 52. 

Exeter, N. H,, 15. 

Exeter, Me., 16, 69. 

Fairhaven, Mass., 36, 71. 
Falborn, 55, (-See Filburns.) 
Fallon, 54. 
Fannon, 53. 



Index. 



75 



Fall River, Mass., 56. 

Farnura, 56. 

Fenuell, 34. 

Filburns, 56. {See Falborn.) 

Finley, 56. 

Fisheiville, X, H., 34. 

Fitchbuvg, Mass., 4. 

Fitzgerald, 16, 64. 

Flaherty, 56. 

Fleming, 54. 

Flynn, 56. 

Foley, 53, 56. 

Fort Slongo, L. I., 60. 

Foster, 15, 35, 65, 71. 

Fox, II, 57. 

FoxborougL, Mass., 33, 36. 

French, 52, 66. 

Galvin, 36, 70. 

Gavel, 55. 

Georgia, 72. 

Germany, 15, 16, 56, 69. 

Gerry, 31. 

Gibbons, 72. 

Gilbert, 7, 8. 

Gill, 54. 

Gillespie, 9. 

Gilling, 16. 

Gleason, 55. 

Glinn, 69. 

Glispiu, 55, 56. 

Gomez, 7. 

Gorely, 54. 

Gloucester, Mass., 35. 

Gloucester, N. J., 57. 

Glover, 68. 

Goodwin, 67. 

Gorges, 20, 22-26. 

Gorton, 56. 

Gosnold, 7. 

Gould, ID. 

Graften, 46. 

Grafton, Mass., 55. 

Grant, 34, 71- 

Gray, 3, 30, 52. 

Great Barrington, Mass., 33. 

Great Falls, N. H., 72. 

^^•««"' } 18, 19,71- 
Greene, ) ' i" / 

Greenlodge, 26, 27. 

Greenwood, 10, 29, 65. 

Grew, 3, S, i7-i9> 29, 45 > 68. 

Gridley, 31. 

Grolins, 53. 

Gurney, 70. 

Haddara Corner, Ct,, 35. 
Haight, 56. 
Hale, 58, 72. 
Haley, 70. 



Halliday, 35. 

Halloween, Me., 70. 

Hamblin, 53. 

Hamilton, 35. 

Hammond, 56. 

Hamrock, 69. 

Hampsted, X. Y., 70. 

Hancock, 4. 

Hancock, X. H., 65. 

Hanson, 15, 69. 

Harlie, 20, 21. 

Harrigan, 72. 

Harrington, 15, 16. 

Harris, 69. 

Hart, 33. 

Hartford, Conn., 19. 

Hassam, 3. 

Hatch, 33. 

Haverhill, Mass., 36. 

Hawes, 9. 

Hawkins, 21-23. 

Haydeu, 29. 

Hay ward, 65. 

Head, 32. 

Heaton, 10. 

Henderson, 15, 34, 35, 54, 55. 

Hendricson, 22. 

Hepburn, 35. 

Heustis, 16. 

Hickey, 15, 36. 

Hicks, 55. 

Higginbottom, 54. 

Higgins, 2, 3. 

Hiil, 16, 53, 56. 

Hilton, 70. 

Hinghara, Mass., 71. 

Hobson, 20, 21. 

Hodges, 71. 

Holland, 16. 

Hollis, 69. 

Holmes, 54, 55, 69. 

Holt, 71. 

Hopkirk, 67. 

Homer, 71. 

Homer, X. T. , 35. 

Hoogs, 34. 

Hornblower, 32. 

Howard, 57. 

Home, 28. 

How land, 34. 

Hubbard, 34. 

Hudson, X. H., 56. 

Humphrey, 2, 3. 

Hurd, 17. 

Hurley, 53. 

Hurter, 51. 

Husted, 70. 

Hvde Park Savings Bank, 38, 58, 66. 

Hyde Park Water Co., 58. 

Hyde Park Woolen Co., 5, 68. 



76 



Index. 



Ingersoll, 35, 67. 

Ireland, 15, 16, 33-36, 53-56, 68-72 

Jackson, 36, 59. 
Jenkins, 54, 71. 
Jenney, 2, 3, 15, 31, 53, 68. 
Jennings, 25. 
Johnson, 2. 
Johnston, 69. 
Jolniston, R. I., 35. 
Jones, 29. 
Joseph, 55. 

Volley, 55, 56, 69. 
Kendall, 54. 
Kendrick, 54. 
Kenney, 72. 
Kent, Eng., n. 
Keohana, 55. 
Keyes, 16, 52. 
Kiggen, 18. 
Kilby, 59. 
Killion, 69. 
King, 56, 71. 
Kingsclear, Eng., 35, 71. 
Kingsley, 70. 
Kingston, 36. 
Knight, 2, 71. 

Lane, 70. 

Lawrence, Mass., 16, 70, 72. 

Leach, 68. 

Leahy, 56. 

Lebanon, Me., 54. 

Lee, N. H., 15. 

Leicester, Eng., 19. 

Leonard, 65. 

Lescarbot, 20. 

Leseur, 35. 

Lexington, Mass., 31, 32. 

Lieber, 17. 

Lindall, 35. 

Linden, Vt., 33, 72. 

Linsey, 34. 

Little Falls, X. Y., 34. 

Livermore, Me., 34. 

Liverpool, Eng., 19. 

Locke, 38. 

Loftus, 35. 

Long, i6, 68. 

TiOnsdale, R. I., 36. 

Lord, 54. 

Lothrop, 69. 

Loud, 36. 

Lovell, 2, 3, 56, 67. 

Lowe, 55. 

Lowell, Mass., 56, 70. 

Lubec, Me., 59, 60. 

Ludlow, Mass., 55. 

Luther, 68. 



Lyon, ( 
lJous, \ '°' 55- 

Macomber, 56. 

Machias, Me., 60. 

Maddock, 36. 

Mahoney, 16, 28, 36. 

Maine, 15, 54-56, 69-72. 

Malone, N. Y., 54. 

Manchester, N. H., 57. 

Mansfield, 55. 

Marlboro, N. H., 65. 

Marlboro, Mass., 70. 

Marr, 3. 

Massachusetts, 71, 72. 

Marshfield, Vt., 16. 

Matherson, 15. 

Mattliewson, 16. 

Mayo, 36. 

McAlvey, 68. 

McAvoy, 3, 69. 

McCabe, 34. 

McCowler, 72. 

McDonald, 54. 

McDonough, 33, 69. 

McGinnis, 54. 

McGlouglilin, 54. 

Mctrorman, 34. 

McGowan, 36, 69. 

Mcintosh, 9, II, 28, 29. 

McKenna, 56. 

McLean, 70. 

McLellan, 71. 

Meede, 15. 

Meister, 16, 36, 69. 

Mercer, 69. 

Merrifield, 29. 

Merrill, 33. 

Metcalf, 27. 

Middleton, 70. 

Milan, 56. 

Miles, 29. 

Milford, Conn., 35. 

Milford, Mass., 35. 

Milton, Mass., 12, 18, 26, 27, 29, 33, 40, 

41, S3. 58, 64, 69. 
Miner, 3. 
Moifat, 54. 
Mouegan, 53. 
Monehan, 55. 
Monroe, 70. 
Monroe, Me., 16, 54. 
Montague, 10, 54. 
Moore, 16. 
Morrill, 67. 
Morrison, 29. 
Morse, 52, 72. 
Moseley, 15, 68. 
Moultonboro, X. H., 71. 
Mount Neponset, 40. 



Index. 



77 



Mulcaliy, 53. 

Mulleu, 35. 

Munger, 16. , 

Minister, Ohio, 36. 

Murray, 54. 

Mycoe, 55. 

Nantucket, Mass., 69, 71. 
Nash, 34, 

Nashville, Tenii., 70. 
Natick, Mass., 15. 

Neale, } '^' 47- 69. 

Needham, Mass., 69. 

New Bedford, Mass., 71, 72. 

New Boston, Conn., 56. 

New Brunswick, 15, 34, 36, 70, 72 

Newbury, Mass., 70. 

New Castle, Me., 34, 72. 

Newfoundland, 69. 

New Hampshire, 55, 72. 

New Ipswich, N. H., 5, 55. 

Newport, K. I., 34, 69. 

Newport, Me., 36. 

Newton, Mass., 52, 56. 

New York, 16, 55, 69-71. 

Nichols, 71, 72. 

Nickerson, 69. 

Noble, 16. 

Norris, 32. 

North Andover, Mass., 71. 

North Bridj>ewater, Mass., 72. 

Northiield. N. H., 37. 

North Oxford, Mass., 36. 

Norumbega, 7, 48. 

Nott, 30, 31. 

Nova Scotia, 16, 35, 54-56, 70, 71. 

Noyes, 71, 72. 

Oakham, Mass., 69. 
O' Brian, ) 
O'Brien, ] ' ' 
O'Donnell, 36, 69. 
O'Hern, 54. 
O'Keefe, 53, 72. 
Oldtown, Me., 55, 71, 72. 
O'Malley, 33. 
O'Mealfey, 35, 69. 
Orange, N. H., 70. 
Orland, Me., 15, 55. 
O'Shea, 71. 
Otesse, 36. 
Otis, 54. 

Oxford, Mass., 16, 36. 
Oxford, Me., 72. 
Oxford, N. H., 34. 

Padishal, 47. 
Page, 15, 32, 33. 
Paine, 56. 



Palmer, Mass., 53. 

Parker, 16, 36. 

Parkmau, 56. 

Parsonsfield, Me.. 56. 

Passamaquoddy, Me., 59, 60. 

Paul, II, 28. 

Pearson, 34. 

Pack, ID. 

Pembroke, Me., 55. 

Perkins, 3, 32. 

Peters, 70. 

Peterboro, N. H., 71. 

Phalon, » , 

Phelan, ( "^5) 56- 

Philadelphia, Penn., 16, 19, 34, 72. 

Phillips, 54. 

Phinney, 55. 

Phipps, 49, 56. 

Pierce, 25, 35, 54. 

Piper, 35, 65, 66. 

Pitman, 19. 

Pittsburg, Penn. (?), 71. 

Pittsfield, N. H., 55, 70. 

Platrier, 20. 

Plymouth, Mass., 24, 26, 34. 

Polls, 55. 

Pond, 27. 

Popham, 8, 20, 21-23. 

Portland, Me., 33, 35, 57> 70-72- 

Portsmouth, N. H., 34, 38, 70. 

Potts, 55. 

Pratt, 26. 

Price, 55, 71. 

Prince Edward's Island, 16, 35, 70. 

Providence, R. I., 19, 35, 36. 

Provincetown, Mass., 54. 

Pryng, 8, 20, 24. 

Putnam, 3, 34. 

Quebec, 34, 55. 
Quincy, Mass., 34, 72. 
Quinlan, 54. 
Quinn, 36. 

Radford, 3, 5, 33, 57-59, 72- 

Rafferty, 35, 72. 

Raleigh, 7. 

Rand, 70. 

Randall, 5. 

Randolph, Mass., 55. 

Raton, 54. 

Raymond, 56, 67. 

Raynes, 16, 56. 

Read, ) 

Reed, S '' ^ 

Readville, 17, 42. 

Ready, 72. 

Reagan, 36, 55. 

Real Estate & Building Co., 39, 41, 52. 

Reardon, 16. 



78 



Index. 



Rhode Island, 35. 

Eich, 2, 3, 9, 15, 55. 

Richardson, 39, 68, 71. 

Riley, 16, 69. 

Roach, 56. 

Roberval, 7. 

Robinson, 53. 

Rochester, Mass., 72. 

Rochester, N. Y., 15. 

Rogers, 34, 36, 51, 67. 

Rockingliam, Vt., 34. 

Roland, 54. 

Ronan, 53. 

Rooney, 16, 70. 

Rowcroft, 23, 24. 

Rowe, Mass., 15. 

Rowell, 34. 

Roundy, 29. 

Rourke, 56. 

Routley, 71. 

Roxbury, Mass., 36, 69, 71. 

Kyan, 33, 51, S3, 55, 72. 

Saco, Me., 56. 

t^afford, 16, 53. 

Saint John, N. B., 54, 71. 

Salem, Mass., 54, 71. 

Salisbury, Mass., 37. 

Sanders, 5. 

Sandwich, Mass., 34. 

Savage, 56. 

Scates, 71. 

Schneider, 36. 

Schofield, 34. 

Scituate, Mass., 54. 

Scotland, 16, 34-36, 54, 56, 71- 

Scott, 72. 

Sears, 72. 

Seavy, 36. 

Sharon, Mass., 35. 

Sharrock, 54. 

Shea, 72. 

Shields, 55. 

Shrewsbury, Mass., 16. 

Shurtz, 26, 46. 

Small, 56, 72. 

Sraalley, 34. 

Smith, 21, 23, 34, 36, 53. 

Sinithfield, R. I., 15, 71. 

Solon, Me., 70. 

Soule, 16. 

South Berwick, Me., 55. 

Southboro', Mass., 70. 

Siiroul, 62. 

Stafford Springs, Conn., 35. 

Stark, 67. 

Stevens, 55. 

Stillwater, Me., 33, 58, 72. 

Stoncville, 54. 

Stoughton, Mass., 69. 



Strafford, N. H., 72. 
Stuart, 3, 5. 
Sturtevant, 31, 37. 
Swan, 55. 

Sweeney, 15, 36, 54. 
Sweetser, 35. 
Switzerland, 15, 56. 
Sudbury, Mass., 31. 
Sullivan, 35, 54, 56, 70. 
Sumner, 9-1 1, 29. 

Taft, 35. 

Taunton, Mass., 16, 53, 68, 69, 7: 

Taylor, 71. 

Terry, 19, 51, 52. 

Tewksbury, 3. 

Thacher, 59, 60. 

Thayer, 33, 35. 

Thompson, 15, 25, 34, 56. 

Tibbetts,56. 

Tolman, 11. 

Towne, 55. 

Townsend, 29. 

Trainer, 55. 

Trescott, 9, 29, 59, 60. 

Trescott, JSEe., 59. 

Trott, 18, 29. 

Truro, Mass., 56. 

Tuckerman, 67. 

TurnbuU, 54. 

Tupper, 35. 

Turner, 51, 52. 

Tuttle, 31. 

Underbill, 2, 16. 
Union Vise Co., 68. 
Upton, Mass., 55. 
Uxbridge, Mass., 35, 72. 

Ventres, 35. 
Verezano, 7. 
Vermont, 35, 71. 
Vinalhaven, Me., 33, 72. 
Vines, 23. 
Vining, 55. 

Waldron, 47, 55. 
Wallace, 34, 54, 56. 
Walpole, Mass., 35. 
Walpole, N. II., 69. 
Walton, N. Y., 70. 
Walsh, ) 

Welch, [ 53, 55. 70. 
vVelsh, ) 
Warner, 69. 
Warner, N. H., 36. 
Warren, R. I., 35. 
Washington, 111., 34. 
Watson, 36, 56. 
Waverly Club, 58, 67. 



Index. 



79 



Weatherby, 9, 28. 
Webster, 3, 68. 
Weems, 49. 
Weld, 2, 3. 
Wells, 27. 

Wenham, Mass., 55, 
Westborougb, Mass 
Westbrook, Me., 56. 
Westmoreland, 16. 
Westport, Mass., 35. 
West Roxbury, 36, 42, 
Weymouth, 8, 20. 
Weymouth, Mass., 56. 
Whipple, 68. 
Whitcher, 5, 37-39, 66. 
White, 54. 
Whitehouse, 72. 
Whiting, 26, 27. 
Whittemore, 36. 
Whittier, 16, 37, 54. 
Wiggin, 70. 



69. 



71- 



Wilkins, 36. 

Willard, 72. 

Wilcomb, 68. 

Williams, 9, 15, 18, 21, 34, 55, 68, 72. 

Wilson, 54. 

Winthrop, 46. 

Withington, 18. 

Woburn, Mass., 57. 

Wood, 2, 72. 

Woodbury, 5, 15, 20, 46, 52, 54, 61. 

Woodstock, Ct., 10, II. 

Woodstock, Vt., 36, 55. 

Woonsocket, R. I., 56. 

Worcester, Mass., 58. 

Worden, 67. 

Worthington, 15. 

Wrentliam, Mass., 69. 

Yarmouth, Mass., 56. 
York, Me., 7, 35. 
Young, 72. 



HYDE PARK STEAM LAUNDRY, 

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Positively no Lime, Acids or Washing Compounds Used. 

Collars and Cuffs a Specialty. 



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THE ONLY PLACE 

— IN— 

HVDE F=»Kf5K: 

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The tailoring for designs in high style and quality to which everyone inclines. Pie 
has the latest f.ishious, and charges are but fair. He has French and English Worsteds 
and Melton Tweeds and Cassimeres, which he wants you to inspect. He makes them up in 
elegant style, and cuts and fits neat, all the latest styles of garments, and he does his work 
so complete. None can make up clothing more stylish, strong or neat. With any in Hyde 
i'ark he is ready to compete. 



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YDE Park 



HISTORICAL RECORD 



Vol II. APRIL, 1892. No. 1. 



CONTENTS: 

Frontispiece, William J. Stuart - - - Facing page i 

William J. Stuart -------- i 

Geological Formation of Hyde Park, Ella F. Boyd, - 3 
Mrs. Martha Foster Clough, Charles F. Gerry, - - 11 
Resolutions on the Death of Dr. Horatio Leseur - 12 
Hyde Park and Fairmount Society for Mutual Im- 
provement - - - - 13 

Adams' Opinion of Hancock - - - . - - 14 

Hyde Park Historical Society - - - - - 15 

Hyde Park Births (Continued), Edwin C. Jenney, - - 19 



PUBLISHED BY THE 

HYDE PARK HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

HYDE PARK, MASS. 



The Hyde Park Historical Record. 



EDITOR: 

EDMUND DAVIS. 



COMMITTEE OF PUBLICATION; 

EDMUND DAVIS, LOUISE M. WOOD, 

JOS. KING KNIGHT, WALLACE D. LOVELL. 

CHARLES F. JENNEY. 

Business Manager, GEORGE F. ELDRTDGE. 



All literary communications should be addressed to the Editor; subscriptions 
and business communications to the Business Manager. 

The Record will be published quarterly — in January, April, July and October. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, 50 cents per year. SINGLE NUMBERS, 15c. 

Entered at the Post-office at Hyde Park as second class matter. 

The Historical Record 

Is Printed at the Office of 

The Hyde Park Times. 

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EVERETT SQUARE, HYDE PARK, MASS. 



The Hyde Park 



HISTORICAL RECORD. 



VOLUME TWO. 



1892-93. 



PUBLISHED BY THE 

HYDE PARK HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

HYDE PARK, MASS. 
1893. 



PRESS OF THE 

HYDE PARK TIMES, 

HYDE PARK, MASS. 



OOIlTTEJSrTS. 



William J. Stuart, ..... i 

Geological Formation of Hyde Park, Ella F. Boyd, 3 

Mrs. Martha Foster Clough, Charles F. Gerry, . 11 

Resolutions on the Death of Dr. Horatio Leseur, 12 
Hyde Park and Fairmount Society for Mutual 

Improvement, . . . . . 13 

Adams' Opinion of Hancock, .... 14 

Hyde Park Historical Society, ... 15 

Hyde Park Births, Edwin C. Jenney, . . 19, Z7^ S7> 73 

Dr. Horatio Leseur, Joseph King Knight, . . 21 

Old Sumner Homestead, Anna H. Weld, . . 23 

When Was Readville So Named ? . * . . 30 

Teachers in the Readville School, . . . 31 

Dorchester Schools now in Hyde Park, . 35- 54. 69 

William H. H. Andrews, Charles G. Chick, . . 41 
The Striped Pig, . . . • • -44 

John Bleakie, John Scott, . . ■ ■ • 61 

Lyman Hall, George L. Richardson, ... 64 

Resolutions on the Death of Sidney C. Putnam, . 72 

Index, ....••• 75 



ILLUSTKATIONS. 



William J. Stuart, a heliotype from photograph (with 

autograph), .... Facing title page 

Horatio Leseur, a heliotype from photograph (with 

autograph), . . . . . . 21 

Old Clark House, . .... 2;^ 

Sumner Homestead, from photograph by D. W. Lewis, 24 

William Sumner, ...... 28 

William H. H. Andrews, a heliotype from photograph 

(with autograph), . . . . . 41 

Death on the Striped Pig, a heliotype from a colored 

lithograph, ...... 49 

John Bleakie, a heliotype from a photograph (with auto- 
graph), ...... 61 

Lyman Hall, from drawing by George L. Richardson, 65 



THE 

HYDE PARK HISTORICAL RECORD. 

Vol. 11. APRIL, 1892. No. 1. 



WILLIAM J. STUART. 

William J. Stuart, son of Arthur and Agnes (Mason) 
Stuart, was born in Philadelphia, Pa., March 15, 1828. He comes 
from the noted Stuarts of Scotland, through a Scotch-Irish 
branch. His father was prominently connected with railroading 
in the United States from its earliest days, being employed on 
the Pottsville Railroad, in Pennsylvania, one of the first adven- 
tures of this now greatly multiplied means of travel. About 
1835 he came to Boston and became what is now called assistant 
superintendent or general manager of the Boston and Worcester 
Railroad, and thus William received the educational advantages 
of the justly celebrated public schools of Boston, supplemented 
by two years' attendance at Marshall S. Rice's private school at 
Newton. When he was fourteen years old he was indentured to 
learn the trade of coppersmith with Hinkley & Drury (prede- 
cessors of Boston Locomotive Works). Serving until he was of 
age, he became master of all the details of the business, but, 
wishing a short change of avocation, he went to Pennsylvania 
and passed one season with a company of civil engineers on 
a railroad in Lehigh Valley. Returning to Boston, the next year 
he engaged in business for himself as a coppersmith in South 
Boston, on the site ever since occupied by him for the same 
purpose. Since the establishment of his business, which was 
largely devoted to locomotive work, there have been three 
radical changes in the character of his products. 

From locomotive work he changed to sugar-works for Cuban 
plantations. About i860 this trade was superseded by steam- 



2 William J. Stuart. 

boat work for Loring, the ship-builder, and during the Rebellion 
was entirely employed on government vessels. He made the 
copper-work of the first two gun-boats (small ones) ordered by 
the government, and also for, among numerous others, the 
"Nahant" and " Canonicus," and put all the copper-work into 
Commodore Farragut's celebrated flag-ship " Hartford." When 
the war closed and government work ceased Mr. Stuart for some 
years was engaged on sugar machinery and brewery fittings, but 
now makes a specialty of radiators for house-warming. 

He has been content with a profitable business of moderate 
extent, has never tried to do a rushing business, and has had no 
desire to change from the even tenor of his regular avocation. 
Although burned out three times, he has, on each occasion, 
at once rebuilt, and, as before mentioned, carries on his business 
to-day where he first started. 

Mr. Stuart married. May 23, 1853, Sarah M., daughter of 
the distinguished Dr. Leroy Sunderland. She was a woman 
of more than ordinary attraction and character. She died 
July 26, 1871. On October 4, 1874, he was married to Mrs. 
Elizabeth G. Daniels, daughter of Edward and Ruth (Snow) 
Barber. 

Mr. Stuart became a resident of Fairmount in the spring 
of 1858, and the next year became a land owner there, and 
erected his present residence on Water street. He was one of 
the petitioners for the incorporation of the town of Hyde Park, 
was elected one of its first and second Boards of Selectmen, 
was its second representative to the Legislature, serving two 
years (1878-79), and has been one of the three commissioners 
of the sinking fund of the town ever since the organization of 
that board in 1875. Mr. Stuart has been connected with the 
Hyde Park Savings Bank ever since its incorporation in 1871, 
and has been one of its Trustees since 1873, and of its Board of 
Investment since 1877. He has been a member for many years 
of the four masonic bodies in the town, and served very accep- 
tably as treasurer of each. He has ever been active in public 
affairs, is a thoroughly genial and pleasant social companion, 
and has many friends. 

He is an advanced thinker, and holds the most liberal 
and progressive views in politics, religion and other questions of 
the day. Originally Free-Soil, he has been a Radical Republican 



Geological Formation of Hyde Park. 3 

since 1856. He is one of the best representatives of the town 
of his adoption, and to whose welfare he has given so much of 
his service, and holds a high place in the regard of his 
townsmen.' 



GEOLOGICAL FORMATION OF HYDE PARK. 

BY ELLA F. BOYD.^ 

The story of the rocks of the greater part of our whole 
state is a very complicated one. Only few rocks are now 
what they were when laid down, — in form, shape, or even 
in composition. 

Volcanic agencies have, in the past, been actively engaged, 
even more actively than they now are in volcanic regions. 
In some periods long openings or fissures were made in the 
earth, and the lava, flowing out of these rents, flooded the 
whole district for miles in extent. We often find this 
phenomenon in the rocks of the so-called Boston Basin. 

Earthquakes have played an important part in the history 
of the region. Landslips have occurred and rocks have been 
rent, forming the joints or parallel cracks that are to be seen 
almost everywhere. 

Then, too, interior heat has caused the rocks to become 
somewhat plastic. Lateral pressure, produced by contraction 
of the inner hot nucleus of the globe, and consequent 
sinking of the cooler and more hardened crust, crushed, folded 
and tilted the rocks until they formed great serpentine 
undulations. 

Frost, rain and the atmosphere for millions of years have 
lent their aid to the general work of denudation and depo- 
sition, and we have the results of all these agencies before 
us to study and unravel, if we can. 

The "Boston Basin" is a name that has been applied to 
all of our sedimentary and eruptive rocks of approximately 
the same geological horizon in Eastern Massachusetts. The 

1 This sketch is largely taken from Hurd's History of Norfolk County (1884). 

2 Read before the Hyde Park Historical Society, Feb. 3, 1892. 



4 Geological Formation of Hyde Park. 

oldest of these are the slates of Braintree, containing the 
famous fossil trilobite, Paradoxicles Harlani ; the limestones of 
Nahant and Weymouth, containing the fossil Hyolithes, and 
many patches of quartzite and schist, that were formerly sand- 
stone and slate, but have been changed by metamorphism. The 
fossils show these rocks to belong in the lowest division of 
the Palaeozoic Era, the Cambrian Age. 

Next, according to John H. Sears of the Essex Institute, 
Salem, comes a rock which he has named Essexite. This is 
an eruptive rock of a dark color, and very porphyritic and 
schistose in structure. It is composed of the minerals feldspar 
and augite, with some biotite. This, however, is a local rock, 
occurring at Marblehead. 

The third rock in the series all authorities agree to be 
diorite, another eruptive composed of basic feldspar and horn- 
blende. The sedimentary rocks, at this early age, were rent 
in all directions, and the diorite in the form of lava was 
erupted through them. As an example, A. C. Lane has noted 
some 500 dikes at Nahant, a town which contains less than a 
square mile of land, and this mostly covered with soil. 

Nature then seemed to pause for awhile, to gather strength 
for renewed activity, for, after these rocks had become hard, 
a fourth series, still of igneous origin, was laid down. These 
were more acidic than the last and of lighter color. The 
granites, felsites and syenites belong here. Quincy and Dedham 
granites are typical varieties of this group. 

Syenite bears a close resemblance to granite and is like it 
in composition, except that it contains no quartz, that is, it is 
composed of orthoclase feldspar only, except microscopic quan- 
tities of other minerals. 

Fclsite is like both in composition, and was the glassy 
overflow at the time of eruption. Granite never reaches the 
surface at the time of formation. The overflow during an 
eruption is called obsidian and varies from the homogeneous 
glassy mass to the porous, light variety that we call pumice. 
In time this obsidian devitrifies, or turns to a stony material, 
and forms the felsite so common in Hyde Park. 

Again we had a long period of rest, and then the sea and 
other agencies began their work of denudation. Cliffs of 
diorite, felsite, granite and quartzite were torn, broken and 



Geological Formation of Hyde Park. 5 

crushed, and the fragments rolled, with ceaseless energy. 
Our conglomerates were then formed. We find pebbles 
of granite, felsite, quartzite and even of slate in the con- 
glomerate. The diorite, which disintegrates much more quickly 
than the other rocks, was probably reduced to clay and 
afterwards changed to slate. 

Then there are evidences of periods of elevation as well 
as of subsidence of the earth's crust ; for we find our sixth 
series of rocks composed of flows of melaphyr and porphyrite 
(both volcanic lavas) interbedded with conglomerate and slate. 

Another period of rest in which a vast bed of slate was 
deposited, and then, as Prof. W. O. Crosby says, "The 
weakened crust below the still unconsolidated sediments could 
no longer resist the growing horizontal thrust or pressure, and it 
yielded ; and thus inaugurated an important geological revolution. 
The slate and conglomerate were powerfully compressed in a 
north and south direction, and thrown into a series of gigantic 
folds, having a general east-west trend. Although they have 
suffered enormous erosion, these folds, when not drift covered, 
are still distinctly traceable." I have quoted this at length 
because it explains a great deal of our Hyde Park geology. He 
also says : " The strata was extensively broken and faulted . . . 
many of the faults and joint fissures being injected by highly 
liquid rock (diabase)." This general description of the rocks 
of Eastern Massachusetts has been given in order that the 
following pages may be better understood. 

The geology of Hyde Park presents two natural divisions, viz., 
the solid rocks, and the superficial deposits, or that part covered 
with the drift left by the Glacial Age. 

In the first division we find rocks belonging to the fourth, 
fifth and sixth series already mentioned, the granites, felsites, 
porphyrites, conglomerates and slates, with a number of diabase 
dikes. 

Felsite occupies a prominent place, and we have many 
beautiful varieties, from nearly pure white to green, pink, red and 
gray, the difference in color being due to different degrees of 
oxidation in the iron. 

On Pine Garden Rock are found some of the best examples 
of concretionary structure in felsite. It occupies a small portion 
of the ridge just north of the German picnic ground. The rock- 



6 Geological Formation of Hyde Park. 

mass is of a delicate green color, and the concretions are of bright 
pink. These concretions vary from an almost microscopic size to 
an inch in diameter, though the average size is about three- 
eighths of an inch. When examined carefully many will be found 
to contain a nucleus consisting of a grain of quartz, and to have a 
radiate structure around the nucleus. This spherulitic structure 
is one of the stages of devitrification in the glassy obsidians. 

The first stages of the process must be studied with a 
microscope. Under a high objective a thin section of obsidian 
will be found to be full of minute, imperfect crystals called 
crystallites. These increase with age and, having an attraction 
for each other, often segregate around a common centre, forming 
opaque, stony spots in the rock. It is then called spherulite or 
spherulitic obsidian. The concretions are often so abundant that 
the weathered surface has the appearance of conglomerate, as 
the concretions are slightly harder than the rock-mass, and so do 
not decompose as rapidly as the latter. 

The same rock occurs again in Grew's woods, west of Beaver 
street, and toward Muddy Pond. This is not as attractive in 
appearance as that found on Pine Garden Rock, the contrast 
of ground-mass and spherulites is not as great ; the green is a 
dirty green and the pink a whitish pink, probably due to 
decomposition. 

At the eastern part of the town the felsite assumes the red 
tints, then as we go toward the west the rock becomes gray and 
finally merges into granite. At the junction of Arlington and 
Westminster streets we find an outcrop of the typical red variety. 
This deeply red rock is very homogeneous and breaks with 
conchoidal fracture. When weathered it presents a banding of 
two shades and makes a very pretty rock when polished. It 
might well be utilized for decorative purposes. 

The banding is the result of fluidal motion while in a plastic 
state, as lava flows from a volcano, and different colors thus 
become intermingled. These bands are not continuous ; they 
seem to be only elongated patches. Geikie speaks of this 
structure in the obsidians of the Lipari Islands as " drawn out 
spherulites." 

The darker streaks are harder and withstand decomposition 
better than the lighter colored ones, for in weathered specimens 
they stand in ridges on the surface. In fact, in many places. 



Geological Formation of Hyde Park. 7 

small patches of true jasper are found. At Riverside Square is 
a fine display of this banding. 

Some of the felsite is brecciated, that is, it is full of sub- 
angular pebbles which are darker than the rock itself. The 
explanation of this probably is that after the flow of lava had 
hardened, but before it had become entirely indurated, there was 
another violent volcanic outburst, breaking the lava into pieces of 
all shapes and sizes, while the new flow filled all spaces and 
re-cemented the mass. Wherever we find volcanic breccia like 
that described above, proximity to the original vent is indicated. 
This structure is found in the northern part of the town. One 
typical exposure can be seen near the junction of Metropolitan 
avenue and Hubbard street. 

No volcanic vents have been found in this vicinity, but they 
must be in a northerly direction, for not a great distance from the 
locality of brecciated felsite is a mass of tuff, a sandstone made 
up of volcanic ash, of coarse and fine material, indicating that the 
original place of eruption is not far off. 

Tuff is an interesting rock, and occurs on the west side of the 
railroad cutting, just north of the bridge, near River Street 
station on the New York and New England Railroad. 

A large ledge of the gray variety of felsite is found on Hyde 
Park avenue, bounded by Dell avenue, Lincoln street and Central 
avenue. This ledge extended also down Hyde Park and Central 
avenues to West street, until a large portion was blasted away to 
make room for dwellings. 

The same rock was met on Central Park avenue as far south 
as Clay street. This was much sought for by residents of the 
town, when blasted by the Water Company. Fine slabs covered 
with dendrites were procured, under the name of "fern rock," 
a common misnomer, the mistake of many who regard the 
impressions as fossil ferns. 

From the compact, homogeneous felsites to the coarse-grained 
crystalline granites, we have a gradual transition, an interesting 
and unusual feature, not often shown as plainly as it is in this 
town. The first stage after the felsite is a very fine grained 
granite, so fine that the constituents can only be told with the aid 
of the lens. This is called micro-granite or eurite. A small 
outcrop was found in the woods north of Back street. Other 
outcrops were in Grew's woods between the felsite and the 
granite. 



8 Geological Formation of Hyde Park. 

One very interesting locality was on the path leading from the 
Hermit's to Muddy Pond. First was a compact felsite ; at the 
next outcrop was found to be still compact felsite, but with 
feldspar and quartz cr)'stals developing ; just beyond was eurite ; 
and finally granite. 

Granite occupies the entire western part of the town, and is 
probably a continuation of Dedham granite. Some of it is very 
pretty, having a greenish tinge, due to the presence of epidote. 
Other outcrops are gray in color, more like the Ouincy granite, 
but nearly free from hornblende. 

A small patch of porphyrite is seen on the New York and 
New England Railroad near the River Street station. This is 
also an eruptive rock, but of later date, as it is found interbedded 
with the conglomerate. It looks somewhat like felsite with well- 
developed crystals of feldspar, but it is composed of a more basic 
feldspar than the felsite. The eruptive rocks, with the 
exception of the porphyrite, probably covered the whole 
township, and from these rocks our conglomerates were made. 

A very interesting specimen of stratification of sandstone and 
conglomerate was seen on River street near Business street — 
bands of alternate sandstone and conglomerate of about two 
inches wide. In this same ledge was a large dike of diabase, 
seven feet broad, and on either side of it the conglomerate was 
well baked, as no doubt the workmen learned to their sorrow 
when they tried to blast it. 

After the eruption of the granites and felsites there must 
have been a long period of quiet, for these overflows to have 
become hardened, before the deposition of the conglomerates 
began. The sea wore away the ledges, and rounded the angular 
fragments into pebbles, as it does on our beaches to-day. 

Time, with the aid of heat and pressure, changed this shingle- 
beach to a conglomerate. The conglomerate covered most of the 
region over the felsites. But after this the great disturbance 
took place, and the rocks were crushed together into long, corru- 
gated folds, having a general east-west direction. 

The rocks on the upper part of the folds, or anticlines, were 

stretched to their utmost capacity and were easily weathered 

away, leaving the under rocks exposed. This is why we have 

these long, narrow areas of alternate felsite and conglomerate. 

The southerly line of the conglomerate has the same direction 



Geological Formation of Hyde Park. 9 

as the Neponset River. It is first seen on River street near the 
Boston line. It then parallels the railroad track to the river. 
There are many outcrops in the river-bed. Others occur on 
Walter street, corner of Pierce ; and finally disappear beneath 
the sand plain beyond Fairmount. 

The northerly line begins on Plyde Park avenue, near Arling- 
ton street, then crosses the track of the Boston and Providence 
Railroad ; and there is a large outcrop on the corner of West and 
Austin streets. Ledges are noted all along Austin, Beaver, 
Childs and River streets, along Dedham street, Glenwood avenue, 
then in a westerly direction toward the Dedham line. The 
general strike of the rock was found to be N. 50" PI to N. 70° E. 
and the dip was to the south-east from 20° to vertical. 

In Grew's woods, south of Austin street and south-west of 
Beaver street, is a well-defined fault, or line showing where the 
earth's crust has slipped out of its original position. On the side 
toward Austin street is well-stratified sandstone, with a strike of 
N. 70° II; dip, S. E. 70" to 80°. This is full of joint planes. On 
the west side of the fault is felsite of concretionary as well as 
finely banded structure. The banding is so regular in some 
places that a casual observer would be apt to call it stratification. 

There are no minerals of any importance in Hyde Park, — a 
few inferior quartz crystals, a small amount of iron ore in the 
form of hematite, and also pinite, a mineral formed by the decom- 
position of felsite, comprising almost all. 

In preparing this part of the paper, my thanks are due to 
Prof. W. O. Crosby of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
for his kindness in allowing me to compare my map with one of 
his, yet unpublished, and make certain corrections. 

Ages passed away before the second division of our geologi- 
cal story, in which we find the superficial deposits, and it is to 
these that we owe many of our topographical features. 

Clarendon Hills, P'airmount and Mount Neponset, as well as 
the higher portions of Sunnyside, are composed of drift material 
brought here during the Glacial Age. P'airmount and Clarendon 
Hills are typical drumlins. Geologists do not all agree on the 
formation of drumlins, but it is the most generally accepted 
theory that they were formed under the ice-sheet. Probably 
some obstruction caused the debris to pause in its onward 
movement, and then more and more material gradually accumu- 



lo Geological Formation of Hyde Park. 

lated, formhi^^ it into a rounded hill. Some authorities think 
drumlins are old moraines worked over by succeeding glaciers, as 
they are never found, in this vicinity, over forty miles from the 
southern boundary of the glacial area. Whatever their formation, 
drumlins are composed of a mixture of clay, some sand and gravel 
and large and small semi-angular stones or boulders. The bould- 
ers usually have been striated, or scratched in transit. 

It is a typical feature of drumlins to have surface springs, 
owing to the substratum of clay or till. This explains why so 
many cellars on Fairmount suffer from inflowing w^ater. 

Mt. Neponset is also a drumlin. Two smaller ones are near 
Atherton street, and the tops of two .still smaller may be 
seen in the vicinity of Sunnyside street. The lower part of these 
is covered with a sand plain. Many of the boulders are of 
conglomerate. 

After the glacial period we had a milder climate and the 
glaciers melted, leaving immense rivers to work over the drift, 
and the result is our sand plains, clay beds and karaes. Kames 
are long ridges of modified drift, with steep sides similar to 
those of a railroad embankment. These are formed in the 
rivers, on the top of the ice-sheet, according to the theory of 
Warren Upham of the U. S. Geological Survey. They are com- 
posed of gravel and well-rounded boulders, which are never 
striated or scratched, this feature, as well as others, separating 
them sharply from drumlins. The kame is often stratified, show- 
ins water action in sorting the material. 

Many of the ponds, swamps and kettle-holes of this town are 
found in the modified drift. A fine example of a kettle pond may 
be seen near the rubber works at River Street station. There 
are two kames on the Readville side of Fairmount, others 
north of Clarendon Hills station. All the swamps in Grew's 
woods, as well as in the Clarendon Hills district and the level 
sand plains all over the tovv^n, belong to this period, known as 
the Champlain Period. 

The sluggishness of the Neponset, as well as of other rivers in 
this vicinity, is due to the fact that the land was elevated during 
the Ice Age, and the rivers cut deeper beds to reach sea level ; 
then when it subsided the land near their source was left about 
200 feet below the level of the sea. 

Thus we find laid down in geological succession the granites 



Mrs. Martha Foster Cloitgh. ii 

and felsites, both eruptive rocks, the latter being merely 
the overflow of the former ; overlying these, are the conglomer- 
ates and slates, interbedded, in the eastern part of the town, with 
porphyrite ; after these were laid down the great disturbance 
crushed the rocks into long folds, their tops being eroded, 
leaving the long, narrow areas of alternate felsite and conglom- 
erate. Lastly, over the whole, we find drift material — drumlins 
caused by the ice itself, and kames, sand plains and swamps, due 
to subsequent water action. 



MRS. MARTHA FOSTER CLOUGH. 

BY CHARLES F. GERRY. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Canterbury, N. H., 
August 19, 1770, and died in Hyde Park March 26, 1861. She 
was the eldest daughter of the Hon. Abiel Foster, the first 
Representative to Congress from New Hampshire. 

The Nezv England Gazetteer speaks of him as follows : " He 
possessed in a great degree the esteem and confidence of the 
people ; and soon after he left the pastoral care of the church he 
was called to arduous duties as a magistrate and legislator. In 
1783 he was elected to Congress, and for three years was a 
member of that body under the old confederation. He was 
successively returned a member for nearly all the time until 1804, 
when he retired to private life and domestic tranquillity. He was 
an ardent lover of his country, and faithfully served his constit- 
uents, by whom his memory will long be cherished." He was 
an intimate friend of Washington, who presented him with a 
miniature painting of himself, said to have been one of the best 
ever taken, and is still handed down as an heirloom in the family. 
He died in February, 1806. 

Her mother's maiden name was Mary Rogers, a direct 
descendant of John Rogers, the martyr. 

Mrs. Clough came to reside in the present limits of Hyde 
Park with her granddaughter, Mrs. C. F. Gerry, in the early 
spring of 1857, — the first year of the settlement, — residing first 
in the Robinson House, corner of Fairmount avenue and Water 
street, now the residence of Mr. Andrew Washburn ; afterwards, 



12 Resolutions on the Death of Dr. Horatio Leseiir. 

for a few months, in the Seavey House, now the residence of 
Mr. B. F. Radford ; and the balance of her life at the home of 
Mr. C. F. Gerry, at the corner of Oak street and Central Park 
avenue. She was a woman of rare intelligence, and kept pace 
with all the leading political questions of the day, discussing 
them with great earnestness and ability. She could see no 
peaceful settlement of the slavery question, and the year before 
she died predicted that a great war was near at hand. When 
doubts were expressed in reference -to her predictions her reply 
was, " It will surely come ; and there will be a camp near here, 
and you will see soldiers going and coming on the railroad " ; all 
of which was soon after literally fulfilled, as she died only 
seventeen days before the bombardment of Fort Sumpter, which 
inaugurated the civil v/ar she saw so plainly with her prophetic 
vision. In religious belief she was a Congregationalist, and ever 
lived a consistent Christian life. 

Her death occurred at the advanced age of 90 years and seven 
months, and her remains were taken to Sudbury, Mass., for 
burial. 



Resolutions on the Death of Dr. Horatio Leseur. — 
Rev. Perley B. Davis, Edward W. Cross and Edward I. 
Humphrey, who were appointed a committee to prepare reso- 
lutions on the death of Dr. Horatio Leseur, a vice-president of 
this Society, who died December 23, 1891, have reported as 
follows : — 

''Resolved, That in the death of Dr. Horatio Leseur the Hyde 
Park Historical Society loses a member whose life and character 
have elevated him to a high place in the affection and esteem of 
all who knew him. Deeply interested in the welfare of others, 
of unselfish spirit, of most genial manners and of excellent 
judgment, his rare combination of qualities placed him among 
the few who win at once the love and respect of all ; and cause 
his removal from us to be an occasion of lasting regret. By 
his pure and attractive life he has made it easier for others to 
walk in the pathway of high and noble manhood." 

We hope to have the pleasure of presenting to our readers in 
the near future a sketch of the life of Dr. Leseur, with an 
accompanying portrait. 



Hyde Park and Fairmotint Society for Mutual Improvement. 13 



HYDE PARK AND FAIRMOUNT SOCIETY FOR 
MUTUAL IMPROVEMENT.' 

Saturday evening, February 10, 1866, a large and enthusiastic 
meeting of the residents of Hyde Park and Fairmount, as our 
village was then known, was held in the newly erected " Music 
Hall," then standing near the easterly corner of West River 
street and Hyde Park avenue, but now remodelled and standing 
on the corner of Webster street and said avenue, and occupied 
by Dr. John A. Soule. At this meeting was formed the " Hyde 
Park and Fairmount Society for Mutual Improvement." Its 
by-laws provided for regular meetings for " improvement by 
declamation, debate and composition," and a meeting to be 
held in April of each year for the " purpose of considering and 
deciding all questions in regard to streets and avenues, and the 
ornamenting of the same." 

Alpheus P. Blake, in an address to this meeting, defined the 
object of the society as follows : "To add to the social attractions 
of the village, encourage and stiriiulate intellectual development, 
beautify the place by ornamenting the streets and avenues by 
setting out shade trees, and aiding such other objects as may 
from time to time appear for the best interests of the com- 
munity." Samuel A. Bradbury presided and Capt. J. A. Judson 
acted as secretary, and Charles A. White, Samuel G. Greene and 
others, whose names are not preserved, were prominent in this 
meeting. John L. Butman, Alpheus P. Blake and William T. 
Thacher were appointed a committee to prepare a list of officers, 
and the meeting then adjourned until the following Tuesday. 
At the adjourned meeting the following officers were elected : 
President, Charles A. White ; vice-presidents, Samuel A. Brad- 
bury, Theodore D. Weld, Martin L. Whitcher, Amos Webster, 
Charles F. Gerry, Benjamin F. Radford and William J. Stuart ; 
recording secretary, Benjamin C. Vose ; corresponding secretary, 
J. A. Judson; treasurer, Thomas C. Evans; auditor, William M. 
Bragg ; directors, Alpheus P. Blake, Samuel G. Greene, Hypolitus 

C. Fisk, J. P. Collins, Edward Roberts, John L. Butman, John 

D. Bradlee, P'rancis H. Caffin, Ezra G. Perkins, Charles D. 

I The material for this sketch is entirely from the extensive historical 
collections of Henry A. Rich. 



14 Adams' Opinion of Hancock. 

Hubbard, Edward Norton, Waldo P". Ward, William T. Thacher, 
John J. Raynes and Jairus Pratt. The list of officers embraced 
nearly all the then prominent citizens of the villages. The 
society continued in active existence for about two years. 

This society exercised a very beneficial influence. During its 
existence trees were set out by it upon both sides of Fairmount 
avenue, and were also furnished without charge for setting in 
other streets. Many of these remain to the present day. It also 
erected a fence upon both sides of Fairmount avenue, extending 
nearly all the way from Everett square to the top of the hill. 

Of the first board of officers only eight, — Messrs.' Weld, 
Webster, Stuart, Radford, Fisk, Caffin, W ard and Raynes, — 
now live in Hyde Park. Eleven, — Messrs. White, VVhitcher, 
Vose, Bragg, Greene, Roberts, Bradlee, Perkins, Norton, Pratt 
and Thacher, — have deceased. Mr. Bradbury now resides in Cleve- 
land, Ohio; Mr. Gerry in Sudbury, Mass.; Messrs. Evans and 
Blake in Boston, and Mr. Butman in Mexico. 



Adams' Opinion of Hancock. — William Clarence Burrage, 
in his excellent essay read before the Bostonian Society, entitled 
"John Hancock and His Times," alludes to the various criticisms 
made as to Hancock, and in particular to the statements of 
Henry Cabot Lodge and Horace E. Scudder, in the Memorial 
History of Boston, as to the unfavorable opinion entertained 
of him by John Adams, and adds : "There are no proofs for these 
careless statements." 

Mr. Burrage might, indeed, have said further that there is 
abundant evidence to the contrary to be found in the statements 
of President Adams, who, in a deed to the town of Quincy dated 
July 25, 1822, provided for the erection of a "stone school-house,'' 
the present Adams Academy, " over the cellar which was under 
the house anciently built by the Rev. Mr. John Hancock, the 
father of John Hancock, that great, generous, disinterested, boun- 
tiful benefactor of his country, once president of Congress and 
afterwards governor of this state, to whose great exertions and 
unlimited sacrifices this nation is so deeply indebted for her 
independence and present prosperity, who was born in this 
house." 



Hyde Park Historical Society. 15 



HYDE PARK HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

At the annual meeting of the Society held on the third day 
of February last, in the lecture room of the Waverly Club, the 
following officers were elected: President, Charles G. Chick; 
vice-presidents, John B. Bachelder, Stephen B. Balkam, Robert 
Bleakie, Isaac J. Brown, Isaac Bullard, Henry S. Bunton, James 
E. Cotter, David L. Davis, Perley B. Davis, Willard S. Everett, 
Henry S. Grew, Edward J. Hickey, David Higgins, James D. 
McAvoy, David Perkins, Sidney C. Putnam, Henry A. Rich, 
William J. Stuart, Francis W. Tewksbury and Theodore D. 
Weld ; treasurer, Wallace D. Lovell ; recording secretary, Fred 
L. Johnson ; curators, Amos H. Brainard, Edmund Davis, Orin 
T. Gray, Edward I. Humphrey, Charles F. Jenney, Joseph King 
Knight and George L. Richardson. The curators at the close of 
this meeting elected Charles F. Jenney corresponding secretary. 

The following extracts from the president's annual report are 
of interest : — 

"The year just past has been one of steady work by the 
society. New members have been added, the library increased, 
and many facts as to persons and places of interest to us, because 
associated with the early history of our town, have been gathered 
and preserved. In fact, the work of the Society has been 
valuable in its various departments. 

"At the time of the last report the curators recommended 
that this Society publish a ' Quarterly.' This enterprise has been 
undertaken and carried forward successfully during the year. 
Our members have given it loyal support. The first number of 
the "Hyde Park Historical Record" appeared in April, and met 
with a very warm Vv'elcome from the local press and from our 
citizens generally. The present subscription list numbers about 
300. With a little personal effort upon the part of each member 
this number might be easily doubled. If this could be done it 
would enable us to do more work and to present illustrations from 
time to time of persons and places, that will be of value to the 
future generations. 

"We have secured, in the four numbers published, good 
pictures of Messrs. Allen, Grew, Whitcher and Radford of the 



1 6 Hyde Park Historical Society. 

town's first Board of Selectmen ; also of Mr. Piper, a prominent 
citizen and a Selectman at an early date. 

"These portraits, with lectures and items of local interest, 
give our publication great value.' I feel that each member of our 
Society should be not only a subscriber but should constitute 
himself an agent during the coming year, that our list may be 
enlarged. The price per year being but fifty cents is within the 
means of any citizen. 

" Another matter that now presses upon us is a lack of suitable 
rooms. Two years ago, we, for the first time, secured a room 
which this Society could call its home. Its value was at once 
apparent from the rapid collection of valuable books, pamphlets, 
pictures and other matter. Now this room is wholly inadequate 
for our purposes. The book cases are all filled, pictures find no 
room upon the walls and other articles of interest cannot be 
displayed. The approach to it is not inviting. I feel that I voice 
the views of your curators in saying that we have outgrown it and 
that the enterprise of the Society demands a larger and better 
place for our collections and for our work. Our library work 
is crippled at this time, and, unless larger rooms are obtained, 
I fear the interest in this department will flag. 

" The curators have other and better rooms in view but the 
increase in the annual rent causes us to hesitate until some plan 
shall be formulated by which our treasury can be aided. Our 
annual income is small, as appears by the treasurer's report. 
I believe the Society has the confidence of our people and 
that if some way can be fixed so that the public at large can aid 
us, it will gladly do so. 

" In the past it has been a matter of concern to us that 
the town had no local cemetery. This subject has been 

I "State Library of Massachusetts, State House, Boston." 

" I congratulate your Society upon tlie excellence and value of its 
publication." — C. B. Tillinohast. 

"The Hyde Park Histoiucal, Record closes its first volume with the 
number for January, 1892. Every town in Rhode Island ought to have, and 
might have, just such a periodical. It is one of the pleasautest of tlie Book 
Xote Exchanges." — Book Notes, Providence, R. I. 

"The four numbers are highly creditable to the town, and clearly 
indicate what other towns should do in the way of trying to preserve their 
local history." — Light, Worcester, Mass. 



Hyde Park Historical Society. ly 

discussed by the curators from time to time with a view to press 
the matter for action by the town. It lias seemed of much 
importance to have those who have been prominent, and, indeed, 
the citizens of the town generally, find burial within its limits 
that their memories might be perpetually preserved with the 
town in which they lived. It is a source of gratification to 
us that this matter is now taking shape and this want is likely to 
be met very soon.' 

" I cannot close this report without calling your attention 
to the fact that the * Reaper ' has been busy among our members 
shice our last annual meeting. Indeed, we have suffered 
severely ! By the death of Messrs. Piper, Benton, Putnam, Dr. 
Leseur and Henry Grew, we have lost members of great value. 
All were men of prominence in the town. Four of them were 
early residents here and took active parts in Hyde Park's affairs. 

" It is not my purpose here to write eulogies of these worthy 
men, but simply to remind you of our loss, and of our duty to 
them and that of our Society to see to it that our archives bear 
in some form such sketches and other tokens as will give to 
future generations accurate knowledge of these men and of 
the characteristics which led to their success and made them 
honored by their fellow-men. In the death of Messrs. Grew and 
Leseur we lose two of our vice-presidents. Both of these 
gentlemen have aided the Society by their influence and by their 
means, in times of need. 

"The enterprise in which we are engaged demands patience, 
perseverance and constant care, that the work required be 
properly and correctly performed. It needs money as well, that 
the Society may afford opportunities for thorough work. Let me 
ask for it your interest and support the coming year that the 
Historical Society may move forward with vigor and confidence 
in the work of all its departments, and real progress be made. 

"The time is fast approaching when, in order to take the 
permanent position we wish to hold, some strong effort must be 
made to secure funds for "a permanent building. We now have 

« February 17, 1892, the town authorized the Selectmen to purchase 
for a cemetery, such portions of the " Gilraan Farm" as was in their 
judgment expedient, and appn)priated $10,000 for the purchase and 
preparation of said land. 



1 8 Hyde Park Historical Society. 

a library and collections of large money value, and of much more 
worth to us as, in case of loss, many articles could not be 
replaced. 

"This Society should be made the centre of literary people of 
the town, and with a suitable building where such people could 
feel at home in their work it would become so, and we should 
gain strength by their presence and association. I believe the 
citizens at large will gladly aid in providing us with such accom- 
modations, provided a reasonable plan of operation can be 
submitted." 

From the report of the corresponding secretary, it appeared 
that there had been, during the year 1891, added to the library 
263 volumes, classified as follows : — 

Town and county histories, celebrations, and records, 52 

Genealogical and biographical, 49 

Educational, 30 

Publications of Historical Societies, 15 

Church histories, etc., 6 

Newspapers, 8 

Miscellaneous, 103 



263 



and also 347 pamphlets, classified as follows : — 



Town and county histories and celebrations, 14 

Genealogical and biographical, 18 

Educational. 8 

Publications of Historical Societies, 1 12 

Church histories, manuals and sermons, 10 

Relative to the town of Dorchester, 71 

Miscellaneous, 113 



346 



Special mention was made of the kindnesses extended to the 
Society by the Dedham Historical Society and the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society. The latter, from among its 
duplicates, contributed a nearly complete set of the town and 
school committee reports of Dorchester, of great value in 
connection with the early history of this town. And, among 
many other benefactors during the past year, attention was 
called to the valuable additions made by Henry S. Bunton 
to the educational department of the library, the gift to the 



Hvde Park Births. 



19 



Society from Miss Sarah M. and Miss Mary E. Vose of books 
and an ancient lamp, and of forty-four valuable pamphlets 
relating to the history of Ohio from Sam Briggs of Cleveland. 
At this meeting a valuable essay (printed in this number) was 
read by Mrs. Ella F. Boyd, who added much to the interest of 
her theme by exhibiting specimens showing the various rock 
formations of the town. At the close of the meeting a vote 
of thanks was extended to Mrs. Boyd and also to the Waverly 
Club for the free use of its lecture room. 



HYDE PARK BIRTHS. 

COMMUNICATED BY EDWIN C. JENNEY. 
IS70. 
[continued from vol. I, PAGE 72.] 

Sept. 25. Clara L. Hill, d. John R., b. England, and Ellen L., 

b. Boston. 
" 27. Margaret E. Butler, d. John F., b. St John, N. B., and 

Bridget A., b. Milton. 
" 29. Sarah Sullivan, d. John and Ann, both b. Irelahd. 
Oct. — Thomas L. O'Brien, s. John and Johanna, both b. Ireland. 
" — Crestie A. Otesse, d. Newell and Mary (Draent), both b. 

Canada. 
" 2. Gertrude Rowland, d. John P., b. Philadelphia, Pa., and 

Eliza, b. Hollis, Me. 
" 4. James P2. Thompson, s. Robert, b. Nova Scotia, and 

Harriet, b. England. 
" 5. Pratt, d. Jairus, b. Boston, and Susan H., b. 

Portland, Me. 
" 6. Nora E. Jordan, d. Matthew, b. Ireland, and Ellen, b. 

Brookline. 
" 10. Samuel A. Bradbury, s. Sumner T., b. Boston, and Annie, 

b. Milton. 
•' II. Francis A. Whittier, s. Napoleon B., b. Nashua, N. H., 

and Ellen, b. Dorchester. 
" 13. Jennie King P. Thomson (b. New York), d. John W. and 

Jennie K., both b. Scotland. 
" 14. P'anny G. Tarrant, d. George M. and Mary A., both b. 

England. 
" 15. Mary E. Conroy, d. Michael and Bridget, both b. Ireland. 
" 15. Bessie I. F. Bleakie, d. Robert and Isabella, both b. 

Scotland. 



20 Hyde Park Births. 

Oct. 17. Winifred P. Hamlet, s. Martin V. B., b. N. H., and 

Delia, b. Milton. 
" 17. Alexander Lamon, s. John A. and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" 20. Sylvester T. Moran, s. Michael, b. Ireland, and Delia, 

b. England. 
" 21. Flanders, d. Henrys b. Vt., and Antoinetta, b. 

Nashua, N. H. 
" 21. Bridget Mahoney, d. Florence and Bridget, both b. 

Ireland. 
" 22. Catherine McNabb, d. James, b. Ireland, and Mary Ann, 

b. Dedham. 
*' 22. George H. Kendrick, s. Henry C, b. Bedford, N. H., and 

Elizabeth (Bolman), b. Boston. 
" 24. Kendall, d. Charles F., b. Worcester, and Adelaide 

M., b. Dracut. 
" 26. Nellie O'Hearn, d. James and Ellen (Fallon), both b. 

Ireland. 
" 26. David Crankshaw, s. David S. and Lydia, both b. 

England. 
" 29. Coggins, d. Charles and Harriet, both b. Nova 

Scotia. 
" 31. Ann E. Beatty, d. Robert W., b. Ireland, and Catherine, 

b. Scotland. 

Nov. Wheeler, s. and Elizabeth, both b. 

" 6. Richardson, s. William, b. England, and Jane, b. 

New Brunswick. 
" 9. Thomas F. Fallon, s. Peter and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" II. Mary E. Downey (b. Attleboro), d. John and Ann, both b. 

Ireland. 
" 12. Grace M. Willard, d. Henry L., b. Wrentham, and Ade- 
laide M., b. Pawtucket, R. I. 
" 14. Annie W. Mullen, d. Thomas and Ann, both b. Ireland. 
" 15. John M. Corrigan, s. John and Bridget (Mulcahey), both 

b. Ireland. 
" 17. Rosie A. Hilton, d. William B. and 'Lavinia, both b. 

Maine. 
" 20. James Anderson, s. James and Catherine, both b. Ireland. 
" 22. Frederick J. Whipple, s. Frederick J., b. Boston, and 

Lucinda D., b. Seneca Falls, N. Y. 
" 26. William Cousadine, s. John and Johanna, both b. Ireland. 
*' 27. Mary E. Norton (b. Boston), d. Thomas, b. New York, 

and Johanna, b. Ireland. 
Dec. 3. Estey, d. Lewis B. and Helen A., both b. Rhode 

Island. 
" 4. John W. Costello, s. Michael and Mary E., both b. 

Ireland. 

[to be continued.] 






"^-^^^M^S, 



i 
® 



^•i^/ 
c/-^ 









i 



A DICKENS FESTIVAL 



Will be Given in Waverly Hall, Wednesday 

Evening, May i8, 1892, at 8 P.M., for 

the Benefit of the Hyde Park 

Historical Society. 

The liberal patronage is invited of 
every one who is interested in theftrovvtb 
and perpetuity of the Historical Society, 
and who wishes to enjoy a unique and 
charming entertainment. 

About one hundred characters will be 
presented from the books of Charles 
Dickeus. Tableaux, character sketches 
and recitals will be given. The enter- 
tainment will conclude with a dramatic 
presentation of scenes from David 
Copperfield under the dii-ection of G. Fred 
Gridley. Tickets will be sold at auction 
on the evening of May 7 at eight o'clock, 
in -Association hall. Tickets remaining 
unsold will be furnished any time after 
this sale for fifty cents each. 

Immediately after this entertainment 
the annual supper of the Pickwick club 
will be given, presided over by Mr. Pick- 
wick. Those taking part in the festival 
will be present, in character, participate 
in the post-prandial exercises and help to 
make a fit ending to the evening's joUitv. 
Tickets, fl.OO; number limited "to the 
capacity of the banquet hall, to be 
obtained of Charles G. Chick, president 
of the Historical Society. 

E. I. Humphrey, Chairman. 
S. E. Swallow, Secretary. 
By order of the Executive Committee. 



f!^ 



^!^ 



>V> 



I 
^ 

m 



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§1 



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^> 



EDflUND DAVIS, 



CO\JNS©I-I_OR » KT -f l_Hirt£. 

Rooms 2 and 3 Bank Building. 

Residence, 27 Albion Street, - - Hyde Park. 

O^ e^ BROOKS, 

Practical Hsiii^^t^ssseP. 

Ladies' Shampooing and Children's Work Done at Home 
if Desired. Satisfaction Guaranteed. 



gzj F=7^IR7U^OUNT 7^ii:eNUB 



HVDE PKRK. 



WEDDING INVITATIONS, 

RECEPTION INVITATIONS, 
CALLING CARDS, ETC. 

Engraved or Printed. 

First Class Work. 



station Street, - - Hyde Park. 



THE ONLY PLACE IN 

TO GET YOUR 

SHOES 

AT BOSTON PRICES 

IS AT 

H. D. HIGGINS*. 
Boots, Shoes and Rubbers, 

40 Falrmount Avenue, - Hyde Park. 



20 FAIRMOUNT 
AVENUE. 



H. 7V^ M R K S, 

Leading Merchant Tailor 

The tailoring for designs in high style and quality to which everyone inclines. He 
has the latest fashions, and charges are but fair. He has French and English Worsteds, 
and Melton Tweeds and Cassiraeres, which he wants you to inspect. He makes them up in 
elegant style, and cuts and fits neat, all the latest styles of garments, and he does bis work 
so complete. None can make up clothing more stylish, strong or neat. With any in Hyde 
Park he is ready to compete. 



DR. C. A. LESLIE, 
bENT15T, 

25 Central Ave., Hyde Park. 
OfBce hours, 1 to 5 p.m. Usually in evenings. 



Chas. Sturtevant, M. D. 

HOMOEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN. 

2T E75ST RIV©R ST. 



'V <:0^ •V^ 



?^!>^HE Hyde Park 



HISTORICAL RECORD 



Vol. n. JULY, 1892. No. 2. 



CONTENTS: 

Frontispiece, Dr. Horatio Leseur - Facing page 21 

Dr. Horatio Ijeskvr, Dr. Jos. King Knight, D.D.S., - 21 

The Old Sumner Homestead, Mi^s. Anna H. Weld, - 23 

When Was Readville So Named .-' - - - 30 

Teachers in the Readville School - - - 31 

Ira Lewis Benton, Charles G. Chick, - - - 32 
Extracts from the Reports of the School Committee 
OF Dorchester Relating to Schools Now in 

Hyde Park ------ 35 

Hyde Park Births (Continued), Edwin C.]enney, - 37 



PUBLISHED BY THE 

HYDE PARK HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

HYDE PARK, MASS. 



The Hyde Park Historical Record. 

EDITOR: 

EDMUND DAVIS. 

COMMITTEE OF PUBLICATION: 

EDMUND DAVIS, LOUISE M. WOOD, 

JOS. KING KNIGHT, WALLACE D. LOVELL, 

CHARLES F. JENNEY. 
Business Manager, GEORGE F. ELDRIDGE. 



All literary communications should be addressed to the Editor; subscriptions 
and business communications to the Business Manager. 

The Record will be published quarterly — in January, April, July and October. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, 50 cents per year. SINGLE NUMBERS, 15c. 

Entered at the Post-office at Hyde Park as second class matter. 

The Historical Record 

Is Printed at the Office of 

The Hyde Park Times. 

WHY NOT HAVE YOUR PRINTING DONE AT THE SAME PLACE? 



r 



I N S U R 



25 Years' Experience. 

Phenix Insxirance Co., Brooklyn, American Insurance Co., Philadelphia. 

Northern Assurance Co., England. German American Insurance Co., N.T. 

Lancashire Insurance Co., Eng. Providence Washington Insurance Co., Prov. 
California Insurance Co. Cal. British America Assurance Co., Toronto. 

Equitable F.&M. Insurance Co., Prov. Abington Mutual Fire Ins. Co.,Abington. 



EVERETT SQUARE, - - HYDE PARK, MASS. 



THE 



HYDE PARK HISTORICAL RECORD. 

VOL. 11. JULY, 1892. NO. 2. 



DR. HORATIO LESEUR. 

BY JOS. KING KNIGHT, D.D.S. 

Dr. Horatio Leseur, the youngest son of William Frost and 
Elizabeth Carpenter Leseur, was born at Rehoboth, Mass., June 
20, 1820. There were six sons and four daughters in the family, 
three of whom remain ; Hannah F. Leseur and Mrs. Eliza Shel- 
don, of Rehoboth, and Benjamin F. Leseur, of Fairmount avenue, 
Hyde Park. They were descendants of the Huguenots, the grand- 
father coming from France to this country, and it is supposed 
that he lost his life on the return voyage. William P'rost Leseur 
was an intelligent and cultured gentleman, and was schoolmaster 
and justice of the peace in Rehoboth. 

In early life Horatio Leseur gave proof of his future career by 
his industrious habits and close application. School advantages 
were decidedly limited, but in the face of obstacles he obtained a 
good education and was well informed on the subjects of the day. 

At the early age of twenty, he married Hannah Cook Water- 
man, and shortly afterward they decided to try their fortunes in 
the then "out west." Moving to the centre of New York 
state in 1842 was far different from traveling in our palatial cars 
of to-day. The journey was made to New York city in a sailing 
vessel, and from there by way of an Erie canal boat and stage 
coach, they reached their destination, the village of Homer, 
in Cortland county. After engaging in business here for a 
few years, during which time three daughters were born into 
the home, they returned to Massachusetts, and in 1852 Dr. 
Leseur entered the dental profession in Boston, and continued 



22 Or. Horalio Leseiir. 

in active practice until his final illness. Thorouglily upright and 
conscientious in all his dealings, he made friends of all with whom 
he came in contact, and thus by personal influence built up a 
business and a name. 

In 1864, he bought the residence on Maple street, Mount Nepon- 
set, which has since been the family homestead. February 14, 1891, 
the place witnessed a scene of great rejoicing, for it was the cele- 
bration of the golden wedding, and also an expression of thankful- 
ness that up to that time the family circle had remained unbroken. 

Dr. Leseur was a man who, while taking no active part in 
politics, had the courage of his convictions and always endeavored 
to perform what he conceived to be a citizen's duty. He was 
greatly attached to the town of his adoption, and was always 
ready to do what he could for its welfare. He was a member of 
the Young Men's Christian Association, a vice-president of the 
Historical Society, connected with the Golden Cross and Five 
Year Benefit societies, and an active worker in the Congregational 
Church and Society, where he held many important offices. For 
nearly twenty-eight consecutive years he was a teacher in its 
Sabbath School, and dearly loved those to whom it was his duty 
to minister. From early childhood he was a lover of music, and 
many have been the occasions on which he has contributed to 
others' happiness, as well as his own, in this direction. 

As Rev. Pcrley B. Davis has very fittingly said, "he possessed 
a rare goodness of heart which gave him a most winning influence 
wherever he was known. Everybody loved him. His unassum- 
ing benevolence found numerous channels for the bestowment of 
unheralded charities. His sympathies for those in trouble were 
tender and easily awakened. He loved to relieve suffering and 
assuage sorrow, whether of body or mind. He created a hopeful, 
restful atmosphere wherever he was ; he was pre-eminently a 
peacemaker. It seemed impossible for him to speak other than 
loving words. His faith was strong and unfaltering, yet simple 
and trustful as a child." 

Yes, though dead, he yet speaketh ; and the community is 
better for the life which he has lived among us. The bereaved 
widow and three daughters, Hannah Elizabeth (Mrs. Edward W. 
Collins of Hyde Park), Mary Emily (Mrs. Dr. Robert R. Andrews 
of Cambridge), and Lucy Angeline (Mrs. Dr. Jos. King Knight of 
Hyde Park), still remain to revere and cherish his memory. 



The Oiii Sumiicr Homestead. 



23 



THE OLD SUMNER HOMESTEAD. 




OLD CLARK HOUSE. 



BY MRS. ANNA H. WELD. 

For those familiar with the 
present aspect of the old Sumner 
House on East River street, it 
is not easy to picture it as it was 
in the long ago, brimming with 
young life and echoing the shouts 
of children who trooped through 
^^ its broad hall, played hide and 
seek among its nooks and cran- 
nies or held high counsel in its 
spacious garret. Standing in the 
midst of well kept grounds and fine orchards, Sumner Hall was 
one of the fine suburban residences of the time. 

Enjoying social position and dispensing a large hospitality, the 
family drew around them a circle of cultivated people. Here 
" Father Ballou," the apostle of Universalism, loved to come and 
exchange views with his friend Mr. Sumner and occasionally 
preach in the little Butler School House, bringing annually his 
entire family to feast upon the cherries which grew so abundantly 
in the orchard. Here the well-known Dr. Thaxter, JiKlge 
Gushing and Judge Robbins were often entertained. 

In the earlier days, no little degree of style was maintained by 
the family ; the elder children remembered going to church in the 
yellow family coach with its tlriver and footman. 

The house was built in 1790, Mr. Sumner living at the time of 
building it in the house a little further up River street, now long 
occupied by the family of Elihu Greenwood. The house was well 
built with staunch timbers and finished with panelled wainscoting 
and fluted cornices. 

Mr. Sumner was married three times. He had fourteen 
children, the eldest, a boy, died in infancy and was buried at 
the " Barracks " in Dorchester where Mr. Sumner was stationed 
at the time ; the remaining thirteen were reared in this house. 
Of his four sons two were paper makers, one a noted sea captain, 
and one a farmer on the land in Milton which has descended 
through six generations of Sumners. Of the nine daughters, all. 



24 



The Old Sumner Homestead, 



with one exception, spent their entire lives in the old house ; all 
died here and all are placed together in the family tomb in 
Milton. Two only, the oldest and youngest were married. The 
youngest, the wife of Col. Nathaniel Crane, continued to live at 
home, and the eldest returned to her father's home with her four 
children on the death of her husband, Mr. George Fessenden. 
Her two sons died early, one being lost at sea. Her two 
daughters grew up with Mr. Sumner's children and were as sisters 
with them. The oldest, Eliza Fessenden, was never absent from 




FROM PHOTOGRAPH BY D. W. LEWIS. 

OLD SUMNER HOMESTEAD. 



the house during her life of eighty-six years, more than a few 
months at a time. The youngest married Capt. Friend Crane and 
had her home elsewhere many years, but returned to the 
sheltering roof to die in her old age. Mr. Sumner's last wife 
dying in 1805, the care of the entire family devolved upon his 
second daughter, Martha, or Patty, as she was called. She 
proved herself equal to the situation. Possessed of great energy 
of character, and executive qualities, she conducted the affairs of 
the family with marked ability. The children all loved her, 
though, in accordance with the manners of the time, her 
discipline was strict, and swift and sure was the retribution to 
follow upon an act of insubordination. Her chief aid was old 
Chloe, (a female slave liberated by the Massachusetts Eman- 



77?^ Old Sumner Homestead. 25 

cipation Act), whose devotion to the children, who were at once 
her pride and her torment, wa^ touching. They ever cherished 
for her an affectionate remembrance. They were as a family 
possessed of great personal charms, uniting beauty with 
intelligence, wit and culture. 

In the later years of her father's life, and after his death, his 
property being involved, the sisters united in earning with their 
needle and otherwise for the family needs and to clear off 
mortgages, working with untiring industry on embroidery, 
making gloves, fine linen, ruffled shirts, plaiting straw, etc. 

They were noted for their fine needlework and the delicacy of 
its finish. They were among the first to cultivate strawberries 
for the market, and were the first to send cut flowers to Boston, 
really inaugurating the trade which has grown to such 
proportions. They erected greenhouses and cultivated the most 
rare and beautiful flowers, and their large garden was a special 
attraction to many visitors. The larger, stronger varieties, 
having crowded out the more delicate ones, now grow and bloom 
in a wild luxuriance ; a striking instance of the "survival of the 
fittest." They did not permit their labor to stifle all social 
and intellectual life, or chill their hospitality. They sang 
and played the piano, their brothers played the flute and violin, 
and many were the scenes of revelry, of music and of dancing 
which the great hall extending through the house has witnessed. 
The late Edmund J. Baker, of Milton, said, " I often visited there, 
and it was a pleasant place to go. The ladies were well informed 
and agreeable ; they would bring to the sitting-room their straw- 
berries to hull, or their basket of flowers and weave their wreaths 
and boc|uets while they talked, and it was pleasant and social." 

The never failing resources of the barn with its mou-s and 
swallows' nests and the woods, fields and river, together with the 
bright home life, made this a favorite place for children and a 
number, among them their cousin, the Hon. Charles Sumner, with 
his brother and sisters were in the habit of spending here each 
year many happy vacation hours. 

The Misses Sumner found time for outside interests, being 
active in church and Sunday school, concerning themselves in the 
founding of the Milton library and other matters of the day. 

Their father, William Sumner, was a descendant of William 
Sumner, of Dorchester, who came from Bicester, Eng., in 1636. 



26 The Old Sumner Homestead. 

This ancestor was a prominent man in the town of Dorchester. 
He held the office of selectman for twenty-two years, and was 
for twelve years deputy to the General Court. We find him 
at one time appointed committee for "building a new meeting- 
house " ; at another time to make a treaty with the Indians. 
Again, we find the following: "William Sumner and Deacon 
Drake are desired and appointed to enquire after a school-master. 
Some say that there may be one found at Bridgewater." It 
would seem that the profession was not crowded at that time. 

There were eighteen of the descendants of this first William 
in the Revolutionary War. Six were in the unfortunate 
expidition to Canada, five of whom were lost. One of the 
descendants of William Sumner, of Bicester, was Gov. Increase 
Sumner, one of Massachusett's early and most honored governors. 
He was appointed associate judge of the Supreme Court at the 
age of thirty-six years. He was elected governor of Massa- 
chusetts in 1797, 1798 and 1799, but died before entering upon 
the third term. Knapp in his Biographies says, " No death since, 
except Washington's, was more deeply deplored in the 
Commonwealth. His remains were interred with public honors 
and his funeral was attended by the president of the United 
States." 

Mr. Sumner, the builder of the homestead, was born at Milton 
in 1748. He was a lieutenant in the army and belonged to 
the " Alarm List," and was called upon for service at any and all 
times. He helped build forts at Lovell's Point, Plowed Hill and 
Cobble Hill. He commanded one of the three boats sent at one 
time to destroy the light-house on Long Island in Boston Harbor. 

The fascines used in fortifications at Dorchester Heights were 
cut from the portion of the Sumner estate called " Pine 
Garden," the spot being selected on account of its obscurity by 
General Washington, who more than once rode up the little lane 
"Backstreet," now Wood avenue. On the night when in dead 
silence, with the aid of three hundred teams, the drivers of which 
spoke no loud word to each other or their teams, these fascines 
were removed from their place of concealment to the "Heights," 
Mr. Sumner carried three loads. He remembered when an old 
man, that night's work with much satisfaction. 

Mr. Sumner's brother. Job, was a major in the Revolution ; his 
son was father to the Hon. Charles Sumner; Mr. Sumner's 



The Old Sunnier Homesteail. 27 

brother, Enos, was a physician and the doses which, as revealed 
by his prescription book, he administered to the worthy 
inhabitants of Milton and the adjoining towns, were simply 
appalling ; a grand nephew of Mr. Sumner, Edwin Vose Sumner, 
distinguished himself in the Mexican War and took a prominent 
part in the War of the Rebellion, being promoted to major- 
general. 

After the close of the Revolution, Mr. Sumner engaged in 
paper making with Mr. Richard Clark, who lived in the quaint 
house under the elms, now owned by Mr. Samuel Roundy and Mr. 
Thomas Eicld and which had been brought up the river on the ice 
from its original site to where it now stands. Mr. Sumner soon 
after became sole owner of the mill and water privilege in Hyde 
Park now occupied by the Tileston & Hollingsworth Com- 
pany. 

In 1798, he built a new mill and continued in the business 
more than thirty years. He built also a cotton mill, a corn mill 
and a chocolate mill. He was beside a large land owner and was 
actively engaged in farming. 

Mr. Sumner was a man of fine physique which had descended 
through generations. It is related of his kinsman. Increase, father 
of Governor Increase, that once while driving a loaded team up a 
long hill in Roxbury, the " ni-bow " broke and the ox escaped. 
The team beginning to go backward, he placed his shoulder under 
the yoke, and shouting "gee up" to the off ox, together they 
pulled the load up the hill. 

Mr. Sumner took active interest in town affairs and 
educational matters. We find him signing petitions for school 
house and school fund. At one time he gave a stove to the 
school which did service for thirty years. He joined with others 
in his district in building and giving to the town a school house 
on the site of Butler School. This building was afterward moved 
up to the Sumner farm and mounted on four stone posts was used 
for a corn barn. 

Mr. Sumner was blind during the last part of his life. He was 
a generous, warm-hearted man, though quick of speech as were 
his fathers before him, for we find in 1675 the original William, 
the recipient of so many town honors, " called upon to appear 
before the church to give satisfaction for offensive language 
against the militia," and one of his descendants, Judge Thomas 



2S The Old Sumner Homestead. 

Sumner of Milton, was so outspoken with regard to his tory 
principles as to be obliged to leave the country. 

In a letter written by his daughter, Clarissa Sumner, she says : 
" I believe my father to have been as Pope says ' The noblest 
work of God, an honest man.' " 

At the time of the settlement of Hyde Park, two daughters 
only of Mr. Sumner, Miss Clarissa and Sally Sumner were, with a 
granddaughter, Eliza Fessenden, the sole representatives of the 
family left at the homestead. With them lived their brother-in- 




WILLIAM SUMNER. BORN, 1748. DIED, 1836. 

FROM A SILHOUETTE IN THE POSSESSION OF A GRANDDAUGHTER, MRS. ANDERSON E. HOLLINGSWORTH, OF BRAINTREE. 

law, Col. Nathaniel Crane, a true-hearted old school gentleman, 
one loved and respected by all. The elder of these sisters, Miss 
Clarissa, was a woman of much practical energy and did most of 
the outside business of the family ; she was well-known and 
respected by many of the merchants and business men of 
Boston. 

The late Miss Sally Richards Sumner who was the last of this 
group and the youngest but one of Mr. Sumner's nine daughters 
was a woman of many rare qualities of mind and heart. She 
received, for those times, a liberal education in a private school in 
Boston. She boarded with a friend of her mother, in whose home 
she mingled with some of the elite of Boston. Among the 



The Old Sumner Homestead. 29 

frequent guests of the house were the mayor of the city and the 
governor of the State. In this society her delicate beauty and 
gentle dignity made her a favorite. Miss Sumner was ever in the 
true sense a gentle woman, refined and ladylike in her tastes and 
in her conversation, and with a strong intellect. She taught 
school for a number of years in the Butler school-house, as had 
also two or three of her older sisters, and her pupils have 
pleasant associations with the time spent under her tuition. Miss 
Sumner was opposed to woman suffrage, but this did not prevent 
her from taking in common with her sisters, a lively interest 
in public affairs. She was a staunch Republican, and many a 
young man in whom she has detected symptoms of wavering has 
received from her the Boston yournal with marked passages, 
accompanied by letters of her own, which were often more 
vigorous and convincing than the printed columns. 

She was a woman of tender sympathies, which, with her ex- 
cellent judgment, made her ministrations at the sick bed invalu- 
able, and from her youth, in case of sickness in the family and 
neighborhood all turned instinctively to her. Although with her 
New England training she was never demonstrative in her af- 
fections, yet she responded quickly to any expression of affection, 
giving back in two-fold measure. Her love for her father was 
deep and abiding ; she devoted her young life to caring for and 
cheering him in his blindness and age. She solaced many a weary 
hour for him with her music, but she never played after his death. 
She held in tender love the remembrance of her sisters, and as 
the circle narrowed her interest in Spiritualism developed. To 
her it was a blessed assurance of immortality and gave a sense 
of the loving presence of her dear ones, which was most cheering 
and sustaining in the severe trials that were her portion in her 
later years. Her death in 1887 removed the last of those who for 
nearly a century had called this place home. 

The house remains unchanged, except that the wasting hand 
of time has been laid heavily upon it. The original clapboards 
are upon its sides, the first window sashes, the old knocker, the 
great square locks, with their brass handles worn by the touch of 
many hands now turned to dust, remain ; but its sanded floors, 
its wide-mouthed kithen fireplrce, with its snug chimney corner 
hung with poles of "crooknecks" and red peppers, are things of 
the past, together with the whir of the spinning wheel, the clatter 



30 U'l.k'ii ■wds Ki\uivillc \) hldiiicJ? 

ol till' loom, llu" (lash ot tlu> i-liurn, the use o{ the butter print, the 
cheese press, the eaiiHni; eomh, the tl.i\ switehell, the candle 
mould and the tintler box. The bus\' hands which t)ccupied them- 
seh'es with these imhistries, too, are folded to rest, ami nt)\v the 
old lu)use, a "silent witness" of the nnsterics of life and death, 
which for a century luue re\'ealeil theniselvi's within its walls, 
staiuls a inonuinent of the past, a reminder ol the tleetiu\ss of 
man's da) s. " As for a man his ilays are as ^rass ; as a (lower of 
the field so \\c llourishelh. I'\)r the wind ]>asseth over it and it is 
^t>ne, and the place tliereol shall know it wo ni(»re." 



wui'.N WAS Ri'AnvTLi.]-: so NAMh:n? 

'Vwv localitN' now known as Keatlville was as early as 1655, 
called the "Low I'lain" (i 1 >orch. Rec. 103), and after it became a 
pait o\ hedliam was for \ears known by the name ot "Detlham 
Low Plain." When the school district was there established, it 
natuially came to be known as the Low I'l.un District. This 
name iwidcntl)' became ilistasteful to its residents. Mr. Ldniniul 
1 )a\is slates in his e?vcellcnt historical sketch that "about 1S50. 
it was named h\ its inhabit. u)ts Rcaih-ilb'. in honor of l\lr. Rcatl, 
wlu> was the piinci[\d owner ot the coltiMi mill there" 

l)i>es not the fi>llowin_i;" extiwct taken from the school recinxls 
h\ the ilate of the ailoption of the name beyond an}' reast)nable 
iK>ubl .^ C\-tober 8. 1847, "\\>tetl that the name of Low Llain 
Schi>ol District be chani;ed to that of Readville." 

riu- null at that time w.is owncil by a corporation called the 
Dedham .\l.niufact urin:.; C'omp.uiv, and the Mr. Read refcrrctl to 
was James Rcail of IJoston. then oi the tirm of Read «S: Chadwick 
commission merchants, anil lari;el\- interested in the mill antl 
sellini;- nnv^t of its products. 0\w late townsman. Henry Clrew. 
was at one time associated in business with Mi". Read. (See 
\'ol. 1, pai;e 17). 



Tt'iU'ht'i s in tl'i' J\t\iiivi//r Sc Imh)/. u 



TKACTTl'.RS TN TITK k IwM )VI I .I.l<: SdlOOl. 

Till'-, following- list is taken ri\)ni the hooks and i)a[)ers of the 
Readville school district now in tlu> possession of tlu' Ilyde Park 
Historical Society and fioni tlie reports of tiie school t-onimiltee 
of Dcdhaiii. The school was in existence for many years before 
the earliest date here j^'iven, hut no complete record of teachers 
prior thereto is known to exist. 'I'lie list closes with the )'ear of 
the incorporation of llydL- Park. 

1839. Mary Colhurn. KS54. Martha M. Davis. 
Silas M. JManchard. 1S55. 

1840. Mary Gardni'r. 1856. " 

Susan Thompson. Frances IC. Gr!<.;"i;"s. 

1841. " " Henjamin I.. I'ease. 
Mary Gardner. " 1857. " " 

1842. IClmira (lardncr. hlsther M. Nickerson. 
James I'. Tr»-adwell. John (). W. I'aine. , 

1843. Almcria Iv iMtts. 1858. 

1844. " " Mary A. lUillard. 

1845. " " 1859. John (). \V. i'aine. 
I'^lbrid'^e Chipp. Mary J. i''olsom. 
Ann ]<:. Hullai-d. Albert 11. i-^ssex. 

1846. Hethiah A. Holmes. i860. 

l^ll)iid,L;e' ("lapp. Mary J. Folsom. 

1847. " " Samui'l If. Nichols. 
Almcria !■:. I'itts. 1861. 

1848. " " Mary J. Folsom. 

1849. " " Joseph R. I)rap(>r. 
Mary Goodnou.!;h. 1862. 

1850. Henry C. Nash. Martha M. Davis. 
Martha A. i'arker. 1863. 

1851. Ilenry C. Nash. 1864. John Nelson Stevens. 
Rebecca R.ulhird. riimipal. 
Joseph W. Diaper. Miss IC. N. (iardner. 

1852. " " Assisic7//t. 
Miss I'l T. Waterman. 1865. John Nelson Stevens. 
Nathan 1 1. (dianiberlain. Principal. 

1853. " " Sarah 11. I'isli. 

Martha M. Davis. Assistant. 



32 Teachers in the Readville School. 

1866. John Nelson Stevens. 1867. John Nelson Stevens. 

Principal. Principal. 

Sarah H. Fish. Sarah H. Fish. 

Assistant. Abbie L. Everett. 

Anna J. Barton. 

AssistcDits. 

Almeria E. Fitts, who was a teacher six years and whose 
services were lost by reason of her death, is referred to as 
"eminently successful." In the latter years, at least, of her 
service, she not only taught the elementary branches but had 
a class in Latin. In 1846, Mr. Clapp kept an evening school. 
This was, however, a private enterprise. Mr. Nash was a student 
at Harvard and married an inhabitant of the district. He is now 
dead. Miss Rebecca Bullard is now the wife of Carlos Slaftcr, 
of Dedham. Mr. Chamberlain is a well-known episcopal clergy- 
man of Cambridge and has also been eminently successful in 
the lecture field. Miss Martha M. Davis now resides at Readville 
with her uncle, David L. Davis. John O. W. Paine is a lawyer 
and is said to be following his profession in California. Miss 
Mary A. Bullard, a sister of Miss Rebecca Bullard, still resides in 
the family homestead at the corner of Readville and Milton 
streets. Mr. Stevens was born in Haverhill, Mass., and at the 
close of his services as a teacher, made his home in Readville and 
died there November 10, 1891, at the age of seventy-five. Miss 
Everett is now the wife of Frank F. Jaques and resides at 
Kansas City, Mo. 

Nothing definite is known concerning the other names and 
additions and corrections to the list will be gladly received. 
Information as to any of these teachers is desired. 



IRA LEWIS BENTON. 

BY CHARLES G. CHICK. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Andover, Vt., Nov. 22, 
1821. He was the son of Erastus and Nancy (Cram) Benton. 
Both of his parents were born in New Hampshire, his father at 
Jaffrey and his mother at Templeton; so that it can fairly be said 
that Mr. Benton came from New Hampshire stock. 



Iia Lewis Benton. 33 

In the early days of his life, and it might almost be said in his 
boyhood, he developed a taste for military matters, and such was 
his enthusiasm and skill that he became a captain of an artillery 
company comprised of boys and young men at Derry, Vt., when 
he was but fourteen years of age and was awarded a premium for 
his skill when about fifteen years of age. 

In 1840, he left Vermont and went to Boston, where he studied 
music and devoted a greater part of his time to that profession, 
singing in concerts and church choirs. He was a member of the 
choir in the Old South, Park Street and other churches for a num- 
ber of years ; he was also a member of the Handel and Haydn 
society and taught singing. Although he gave a great part of his 
time to musical matters, Mr. Benton had not neglected to equip 
himself for the struggle of life in a more sturdy way, as we find 
him for several years as a blacksmith on Bridge street, Boston. 
He had evidently learned this trade with his father, who wa^ a 
"village blacksmith " in Vermont. 

Mr. Benton was married in Nashua, N. H., April 28, 1857, to 
Mrs. Martha Ann Farnham, a widow, and came to Hyde Park the 
same day. For seventeen years he lived on Fairmount, and was 
an active man during the early days of our town history. When 
the war broke out in 1861, he closed his Fairmount home and 
went to Springfield and was employed in the United States 
armory there for three years. A short time he lived upon a farm 
in Carlisle, in this State. With these exceptions Hyde Park has 
been the home of Mr. Benton since 1857. His face and form 
w-ere familiar to our citizens. He was an active man, strongly 
built and of medium height. He had a pleasant face and cheery 
word for everyone. Two children were born to him, but neither 
survive him. He died at his residence on Hyde Park avenue, 
where the later years of his life were spent, on April 8, i8gi. Mr. 
Benton was an active member of the Historical Society and con- 
tributed from time to time much valuable information connected 
with the early affairs of this town. He was one of the " Twenty 
Associates," and as one of that number must always be regarded 
as one of the founders of the town. 

The following extracts from an appreciative notice in the 
Hyde Park Times of April 10, 1891, are well worthy of perman- 
ent preservation : 

"Mr. Benton was a great help to the young community in a 



34 Ii'^^ Lewis Ben foil. 

musical line. He conducted the first singing school and led the 
choirs at different times at the union services and at the Baptist 
and Episcopal churches. His family was the seventh to settle on 
Fairmount, and they lived for a long time on Fairmount avenue, 
moving recently to Hyde Park avenue. 

"In the early social history of the town Mr. Benton took a 
prominent part. His singing ability was brought into requisition 
at many religious services, as well as at the many concerts of 
which he was the chief promoter. His concert in the old Music 
hall, which was moved from Boston and stood on the lot at the 
rear of the building now occupied by Putnam & Worden on 
Hyde Park avenue, was a notable occasion. Many of the young 
people received their first instruction in singing from him. He 
also took great interest in the Fairmount lyceums in the old days 
before the war, and was associated with such well-known men as 
the late Daniel Warren, L. Ix Hannaford, James Sumner of Brush 
Hill and William J. Stuart. He was always ready on such 
occasions and the times he answered calls for his vocal ability, 
frequently being accompanied by his step-daughter, Mrs. W. A. 
Blazo, an accomplished pianist, are without number. An enter- 
prise remembered only by the older citizens, was his fleet of 
fifteen pleasure boats on the Neponset river, which he ran in con- 
nection with the old picnic grove on the hill (later removed by the 
Hartford and Erie railroad) near Pierce street. 

"Mr. Benton erected a number of buildings in this town. He 
formerly owned, besides the old homestead on Fairmount avenue, 
the old school house at the corner of that avenue and Highland 
street, below Mr. Weld's residence. He was connected for a time 
with J. Secor Smith in the carriage and blacksmith business in a 
building which they erected on Bridge street, and which was later 
destroyed by fire. He also built four houses on Warren street 
in Boston. Like many other persons he had his trials and 
reverses, but one was always sure of a cheery word from him, 
and when he was no longer seen about our streets he was greatly 
missed by the old timers. During his illness since last October 
he has been a great sufferer, but he maintained a cheerfulness 
and patience that was remarkable, and which was reflected on his 
countenance as the writer saw it yesterday, stilled in death. One 
could but reflect on the remark which Mr. Benton made when the 
question of celebrating the town's twentieth anniversary was 



Extracts from Dorchester School Reports. 35 

being discussed three years ago in old G. A. R. hall. Some one 
had suggested waiting until the twenty-fifth anniversary. 'Don't 
do it,' said Mr. Benton, 'we are here now, but who can say how 
many of us old residents will live to see the twenty-fifth anniver- 
sary? Let us celebrate now.' His remarks did much toward 
carrying the vote and he took great interest in all the details of 
that celebration." 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REPORTS OF THE SCHOOL 

COMMITTEE OF DORCHESTER RELATING 

TO SCHOOLS NOW IN HYDE PARK. 

The school in the "western district (River street)" has 
been called by "the name of the Butler School, after a Mr. But- 
ler, a teacher in the public schools of the town more than two 
hundred years ago." April i, 1850. 

"The Butler School, though not strictly coming under the 
head of Grammar Schools, we may here make mention of. It 
has done well under the accomplished teacher who has had charge 
of it the last six months. But the semi-annual change of teacher, 
to which, under existing arrangements it is subjected, is, in the 
opinion of the committee, a serious hindrance to its best success, 
and they would earnestly commend it to the consideration of 
those most interested in the school, whether a permanent female 
teacher of superior competency, would not secure for them a 
greater benefit than they now derive. The committee have entire 
confidence that it would do so. In the Winthrop, Everett, 
Mather, Norfolk and Butler Schools instruction is given in the 
Latin language, and the exercises, in several, were very 
satisfactory." April, 1851. 

" Butler School. Miss M. Crane, teacher ; whole number of 
pupils, twenty-four ; average attendance, eighteen. This school 
is well advanced and thorough in all the branches taught and in a 
prosperous condition. The examinations were quite satisfactory. 
Although the smallest school in town, the labors of the teacher 
are arduous, the great diversity in the age and attainments of the 
scholars making impossible anything like classification. Such a 



36 Extracts from Dorchester School Reports. 

school requires the best qualifications in its teacher, and this has 
them in its present one." April, 1853. 

"The Butler School has suffered much of late from irregular 
attendance of pupils. The teacher is faithful and the appearance 
of the school good, considering the peculiar circumstances." "At 
the Butler School-house, some repairs have been made and a 
ventilator placed in the roof of the building." March 31, 1857. 

"The Butler School-house has been cleansed and colored and 
the stove refitted. Cost ^23.38." April i, 1858. 

"The Butler School, though very small in numbers, is inter- 
esting in appearance ; so unlike the other schools in the town 
with its great diversity in the age and studies of its pupils. It is 
subject, from peculiar circumstances, to great irregularity of 
attendance ; but its order appears highly satisfactory and its 
lessons well learned." April i, 1859. 

" The number has been increased by the establishment of a 
new school at Hyde Park. This young and thriving village 
presented its claim for school accommodations in the early part 
of the autumn of 1859. After a thorough examination of the 
subject, the committee came to the unanimous conclusion that 
the claims were just and reasonable. They accordingly estab- 
lished a new Primary School in the village and hired a hall for its 
accommodation. It went into operation on the fifth of December 
under the care of Miss Sarah E. Johnson, who was elected to the 
place, November 29th. Miss Johnson has thus far proved herself 
faithful and successful in her new vocation." 

"The Butler School has been — temporarily at least — some- 
what injured by the establishment of the school at Hyde Park ; 
but this, under the circumstances, could not be avoided. The 
only injury referred to is the diminution of the number of its 
pupils. In other respects the school is as flourishing as ever." 

" It may be proper to suggest also that within a few years, a 
large school-house will probably be needed at Hyde Park. If the 
town can foresee what will be the appropriate location, it is 
respectfully suggested whether it may not be expedient for the 
town to secure, in advance, a lot of ample dimensions for the 
purpose." April i, i860. 

" Butler School. The tnie stamp here, also, and never 
brighter than now." 

" Hyde Park School. Here, also, the committee express 



Hyde Park Births. 



37 



their satisfaction with the condition of the school." April i, 
1861. 

"Butler School. This is a small school, having almost as 
many classes as there are pupils and having all the grades of 
study from those of the lowest Primary to those of the Grammar 
department. It has the same teacher that it had last year. The 
teaching is thorough, and, at the recent examination, the school 
appeared remarkably well. 

"Hyde Park School. This school has been generally 
prosperous during the year. The building, however, in which the 
school was formerly kept, having been consumed by fire, a room 
in another building was immediately obtained and the regular 
sessions of the school were interrupted only for a short time. 
This school, too, is of a mixed character, containing scholars 
in various grades of study, from those grades belonging properly 
to the Primary School, to some belonging to the Grammar 
School." April, 1862. 

[to be continued.] 



HYDE PARK BIRTHS. 

communicated by EDWIN C. JENNEV. 

1870. 

[continued from page 20.] 

Dec. 5. Robert E. Crosby, s. William and Caroline, both b. 
England. 

" 8. Hathaway, d. Edward, b. Boston, and Henrietta, b. 

Providence, R. I. 
14. Ella Nash, d. James and Eliza, both b. Ireland. 
14. Catherine T. Kennedy, d. Hugh and Mary, both b. 
Ireland. 

21. Wilson, d. Hosea, b. Maine, and Emma, b. St. 

Stephens, N. B. 

21. Wallace L. Collins, s. Edward W., b. Portland, Me., and 
Hannah E. (Leseur), b. Homer, N. Y. 

22. Charles Stack, s. John and Catherine, both b. Ireland. 

23. Tower, s. Charles B., b. Boston, and Harriet I., b. 

Vermont. 

26. Williams, s. Rinaldo, b. Maine, and Susie, b. 



Harvard. 



38 Hyde Park Births. 

Dec. 26. Daniel B. McGorman, s. William and Mary, both b. 

Ireland. 
" 31. Thomas F. Maloney, s. Thomas and Margaret, both b. 

Ireland. 
" — Clara Measte, d. W. and .both b. Canada. 

1871. 

Jan. II. Frances W. White, s. William, b. Dorchester, and 

Mary A., b. Lowell. 
" 12. William P. Brown, s. I. John and Harriet D., both b. 

Vermont. 
" 18. Ellen C. Knibbs, b. Boston, d. James H., b. England, and 

Mary C, b. Nova Scotia. 
" 22. Catherine A. Eliott, d. Joseph W. and Margaret, both b. 

Nova Scotia. 
" 22. Florence G. Hoogs, d. William H. and Hanna M., both b. 

Canada. 
" 24. Ida F. Barney, d. James E., b. East Providence, R. I., 

and Amanda M., b. St. Louis, Mo. 
" 25. Mary E. Curran, d. Bernard and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
*' 26. Mary J. Sweeney, d. Thomas and Jane F., both b. 

Ireland. 
Feb. 2. Nellie J. Annis, d. James L., b. Maine, and Clara McE., 

b. England. 
" 5. Cheney, d. Horace R., b. Maine, and Virginia P., b. 

Ohio. 
" 6. Hannah J, Dolan, d. Thomas and Hannah, both b. 

Ireland. 
" 6. Silas A. Perkins, s. Almon, b. Jackson, N. H., and 

Hannah J., b. China, Me. 
" II. Christina Turnbull, d. John and Jane H., both b. Scot- 
land. 
" 13. Ann E. Mahoncy, d. Cornelius and Johanna, both b. 

Ireland. 
" 14. Flora Nilson, b. Boston, d. Alfred and Josephine, both b. 

Sweden. 
" 16. James W. Holland, b. Assebeth, s. Michael and Mary, 

both b. Ireland. 
" 17. Charlotte R. Briggs, b. England, d. James J. and Eliza, 

both b. England. 
" 17. Margaret Barrett, d. Patrick and Sarah, both b. Ireland. 
" 17. George R. Lewis, s. James A. and Clara, both b. Walpole. 
" 21. George H. Clark, s. T. Emery, b. Waterford, Vt., and 

Nellie, b. Sunenburg. 
" 22. John E. Rooney, s. Edward and Bridget, both b. Ireland. 
" 27. Eliza F. Whitcroft, d. George H., both b. England, and 

Emma J., b. Gloucester. 



Hyde Park Births. 39 

Feb. — Asa P. Collins, b. Boston, s. Samuel A., b. Conn., and 
Laura, b. Wait ham. 

— Patrick Gill, s. John and Bridget, both b. Ireland. 

— Enez Dora, b. Dedham, d. and Ida, both b. Ireland. 

Mar. 4. Robert Sampson, s. Solomon J., b. South America, and 

Betsey, b. France. 

7. Hugh T. Williams, s. Francis C, b. Boston, and Mary, b. 
Bolton, Mass. 

8. Elizabeth W. Butler, d. George H., b. Charlestown and 
Harriet P. W., b. Nantucket. 

8. William Balfoul, b. Boston, s. James and Margaret, both 
b. Scotland. 

10. Winnafred Cripps, d. George, b. New Brunswick and 
Catherine, b. Ireland. 

10. Anna F. Holtham, d. Henry S., b. England, and 
Georgianna F., b. Roxbury. 

14. Florence Keltic, d. James and Magdalen, both b. Scot- 
land. 

16. Ida R. Haskell, d. Besture B. and Caledonia B., both b. 
Deer Isle, Me. 

17. James P. Dolan, s. Michael, b. Ireland, and Catherine, b. 
Boston. 

17. John and Patrick Hickey, (twins), ss. David and Ann, 
both b. Ireland. 

18. Michael Manning, b. Boston, s. John and Mary, both b. 
Ireland. 

21. Willie A. Ham, s. Augustine D., b. Wolfboro, N. H., and 
Annie W., b. South Abington. 

22. Harry S. Merrill, s. Charles H., b. , N. H., and 

Elizabeth A., b. Ludlow, Vt. 

22. Shehan, d. Edward and Mary, both b. Ireland. 

22. P^red W. Hill, s. Warren S., b. , N. H., and Annie 

M., b. Maine. 
26. Ada M. Mason, d. William A., b. Salem, and Amelia, b. 

Ohio. 
26. Mary A. Henderson, d. William, b. Scotland and Mary, b. 

Ireland. 
26. Mary C. Lyford, d. Byley and Addie, both b. Maine. 

26. Fred H. Bryant, b. South Boston, s. Walter C, b. , 

N. H., and Helen, b. Portsmouth, N. H. 

27. Cobb, s. Charles H. and Josephine, both b. Maine. 

29. Catherine M. Crawford, b. Boston, d. William M., b. New 

Jersey, and Delia, b. Roxbury. 
29. James A. Dalrymple, s. A. C. and Mary J., both b. Nova 

Scotia. 
31. Bertie I. Potter, s. Thomas O., b. Gifford, N. H., and 

Laura A., b. Meredith, N. PI. 



40 Hyde Park Birlbs. 

Mar. — Terrance McGowan, s. Andrew and Mary, both b. 

Ireland. 
April 3. Fred L. Luce, s. David W., Jr., b. New Bedford and 

Clara A., b. Boston. 

8. Lucy W. Howard, d. George L. and Margaret D., b. Boston. 

9. Catherine Rooney, d. Patrick and Ann, both b. Ireland. 
9. Eldon M. G. Joubert, s. Ludger A., b. Canada, and 

Frances A., b. Brandon, Vt. 
18. Janet Choate, d. George W., b. Ipswich, and Mary E., b. 
New Bedford. 

18. Robert C. Sears, b. Medfield, s. Eben T., b. Dennis, and 
Susan E., b. England. 

19. Elnora P. Simpson, b. Maine, d. Eben F., b. Deer Isle, and 
Julietta, b. Maine. 

19. George P. Elwell, s. Isaac W. and Maria L. (Gould), both 
b. Boston. 

20. Annie Rooney, d. Edward and Bridget, both b. Ireland. 
20. Bessie Lincoln, d. Silas S., b. Norton and Eunora R., b. 

Winthrop, Me. 
22. Carrie B. Thompson, b. Boston, d. George W., b. New 
York, and Mary E., b. , N. H. 

22. Margaret Dolan, d. John F., and Rosanna, both b. Ireland. 
'• 23. Clara A. Rollins, d. George F., and Clara, both b. 

Hamilton, N. H. 
May I. Eliza Burns, d. John B., b. Ireland, and Catherine, b. 
Malone, N. Y. 
3. Alice M. Mooar, d. James F. and Melissa, both b. Maine. 
6. James Galvin, s. John, b. Ireland, and Catherine, b. 

Boston. 
8. Arthur A. Prentice, b. Worcester, s. Adrastus A. and 
Helen M., both b. Northbridge. 
10. Mary A. McDonough, b. Canton, d. Peter, b. Ireland, and 

Ann, b. Boston. 
10. John Monahan, s. Martin and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
13. Thomas J. Relley, s. Thomas and Ellen, both b. Ireland. 
20. Norman H. Schofield, s. John L. and Huldah, both b. 
* Nova Scotia. 

23. Charles L. Wilson, s. Frank L., b. Maine, and Hattie E., 
b. Mass. 

23. Agnes Curran, d. John and Catherine, both b. Ireland. 
27. Minnie E. Crocker, d. James and Mary, both b. Nova 

Scotia. 
29. Annie L. Sweeney, d. Patrick, and Catherine, both b. 

Ireland. 
— O'Mealcy, d. Michael and Elizabeth, both b. Ireland. 

[to be continued.] 



EDHUND DAVIS, 

COUNSELLOR f KX f LKiflZ. 



Rooms 2 and 3 Bank Building. 

Residence, 27 Albion Street, 



Hyde Park. 



C E. BROOKS. 

Praetieal H^iiMi^esset^. 

Ladies' Shampooing and Children's Work Done at Home 
if desired. Satisfaction Guaranteed. 



S^ F=KIR7USOUNT Ki^ENUE, 



HVDB PKRK. 



WEDDING INVITATIONS, 

RECEPTION INVITATIONS, 
CALLING CARDS, ETC. 



Engraved or Printed. 

First Class Work. 



station Street, = = Hyde Park. 



THE ONLY PLACE IN 

MVDE RTtRK: 

TO GET YOUR 



AT BOSTON PRICES 

IS AT 

H. D. M I G G I N S', 
Boots, Shoes and Rubbers, 

40 Fairmount Avenue, - - Hyde Park. 



H 



20 FAIRMOUNT 
AVENUE. 



Leading P^ercharit Tailor. 

The tailoring for designs in high style and quality to which everyone inclines. He 
has the latest fashions, and charges are but fair. He has French and English worsteds, 
and Melton Tweeds and Cassiiueres, which he wants you to inspect. He malies them up in 
elegant styles, and cuts and fits neat, all the latest styles of garments, and he does his work 
so complete. None can make up clothing more stylish, strong or neat. With any in Hyde 
Park he is ready to compete. 



P. Raymond Copeland, 
DENT15T, 

DYER'S BLOCK, HYDE PARK. 
Office hours, 9 12 a.m.; 1-5 p.m.; evenings. 



Chas. Sturtevant, fl.D., 

HOMOEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN, 

T EKST RliZER ST. 




E Hyde Park 



HISTORICAL RECORD 



Vol, II. OCTOBER, 1892. No. 3. 



CONTENTS: 

Frontispiece, William H. H. Andrews - Facing page 41 

William H. H. Andrews, Charles G. Chick, - - - 41 
The Striped Pig (with illustrations), . ... 44 

Extracts from Dorchester School Reports (Continued), 54 
Hyde Park Births (Continued), Edzvin C. Jenney, - - 57 



PUBLISHED BY THE 

HYDE PARK HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

HYDE PARK, MASS. 



The Hyde Park Historical Record. 

EDITOR: 

EDMUND DAVIS. 

COMMITTEE OF PUBLICATION: 

EDMUND DAVIS, LOUISE M. WOOD, 

JOS. KING KNIGHT, WALLACE D. LOVELL, 

CHARLES F. JENNEY. 
Business Manager, EMERSON RICE. 



All literary communications should be addressed to the Editor; subscriptions 

and business communications to the Business Manager. 
The Recced will be published quarterly— in January, April, July and October. 
SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, 50 cents per year. SINGLE NUMBERS, 15c. 



Entered at the Post-office at Hyde Park as second class matter. 



The Historical Record 

Is Printed at the office of 

The Hyde Park Times. 

WHY NOT HAVE YOUR PRINTING DONE AT THE SAME PLACE? 



THOriAS E. FAUNCE, 

INSURANCE. 

25 Years' Experience. 

Phenix Insurance Co., Brooklyn. American Insurance Co., Philadelphia. 

Northern Assurance Co., England. German American Insurance Co., N. Y. 
Lancashire Insurance Co., Encj. Providence Washington Insurance Co., Prov. 
California Insurance Co., Cal. British American Assurance Co., Toronto. 

Equitable F.&M. Insurance Co., Prov. Abiyigton Mutual Fire Ins. Co., Abington. 



EVERETT SQUARE, ... - HYDE PARK. 



THE 

HYDE PARK HISTORICAL RECORD. 

Vol. II. OCTOBER, I892. No. 3. 



WILLIAM H. H. ANDREWS. 

BY CHARLES G. CHICK. 

In keeping the record of the men who have at different times 
been actively interested in the affairs of the town of Hyde Park, 
we are often carried beyond its limits and in very many 
instances beyond the borders of the state for their early lives and 
training. Few indeed are the persons prominent in the affairs of 
the town who can claim citizenship as a birthright. 

The life, energy and enterprise which has done so much to 
place Hyde Park in the position she now holds came from 
other towns and states. 

Among those who took an active part in this work during the 
first decade after the town was incorporated was William Henry 
Harrison Andrews, born at Pleasant Ridge, Me., May 10, 1839, 
son of Charles and Dolly (Bradstreet) Andrews. In early life, 
trained to toil upon the farm and the stone quarry but with a 
mind constantly craving for books and education, as is often the 
case these desires for mental work were triumphant and in 186I 
the record finds Mr. Andrews entering Bowdoin College after 
having fitted himself at Hampden Academy and Maine State 
Seminary in Lewiston. At this time he is described by those 
who knew him as a young man of strong physique and vigorous 
mind, ready aud willing to grapple with difficulties, physical or 
mental. One 3''ear at college was all he was destined to enjoy. 
War clouds had settled darkly over his country and like many 
another patriotic son, he left the halls of learning for the tented 
field. 



42 William H. H. Andrews. 

On August 8, 1862, he enlisted and started for the front 
without any assignment to company or regiment, simply an 
enlisted man ready for such duty as might be given him. At the 
front he was assigned to the Eleventh Regiment Maine Infantry 
Volunteers, Col. H. M. Plaisted, and served in the army until 
February, 1866. Much of the time he was at the front in active 
service. He was at Roanoke Island, Fernandina, Fla., with the 
Army of the James under General Butler at Bermuda Hundreds, 
and was with General Grant's army in front of Petersburg and 
assisted in the pursuit and capture of General Lee's army at 
Appomattax. He was at one time acting quartermaster upon the 
staff of Gen. R. S. Foster and also served as acting adjutant of 
his regiment, as post quartermaster, and was commissary of 
subsistence and ordinance officer at Warrenton, Va. On March 
I, 1864, he was commissioned first lieutenant and regimental 
quartermaster and October 30, 1865, he was commissioned as 
captain of Company A, Eleventh Regiment Maine Volunteers. 
In all of these positions he discharged his duties with exactness, 
fidelity and courage. His comrades speak highly of his service 
and character as a soldier. 

After being mustered out in 1866 he returned to his native 
State and for a short time was engaged in the apothecary business 
at Bangor. Not being satisfied with this he sold it out and came 
to Boston in 1867 and entered the law office of Messrs. Woodbury 
(Charles Levi) & Ingalls (Melville E.) as a student. By close 
application he fitted for and was admitted to Suffolk Bar, 
May 20, 1868. The next year he came to Hyde Park to reside. 
P"rom this time till November, 1879, this town was his home. 
After admission to the bar he remained with Messrs. Woodbury 
& Ingalls until June 14, 1869, when he opened an office at 42 
Court street, Boston. Mr. Ingalls having been appointed to a 
position in connection with a western railroad Mr. Andrews took 
his office at 28 State street, Boston, in January, 1871, and 
occupied the same from that time until 1890, with Hon. C. L. 
Woodbury and the writer. 

In 1870, Mr. Andrews was elected to fill a vacancy in the 
Hyde Park school committee, serving until March 1871, when 
he was elected for a full term of three years ; but after one 
year of service he resigned. Again, in March, 1876, he was 
elected to this committee and served for a full term of three 
vears, two of which he was secretary of the Board. 



William H. H. Andrews. 43 

In 1873, Mr. Andrews married Elizabeth Wood, daughter 
of Thomas and Isabella (Penman) Wood, of Philadelphia, Pa., and 
took up his residence in the house then owned by him at the 
corner of Austin and Chestnut streets. He resided there until 
November, 1879, when he moved to 25 Highland avenue, Boston, 
which was his home until his death. 

While in Hyde Park he took an active interest in all public 
matters. He was a Republican in politics but inclined to be 
independent in his action. His sympathies would sometimes 
induce him to serve a trusted friend at the expense of party 
discipline. As a lawyer, he was painstaking and persistent. He 
would never go to the trial or argument of a case if he could 
avoid it, until he had mastered all the facts and law bearing upon 
his cause. He argued his cases with perspicuity, skill and force, 
and conducted the practice of his profession in such a manner as 
to have the confidence of the courts before which he apppeared. 
He was a man of genial temperament, an entertaining 
companion, of large sympathy, quick impulses and modest of his 
own achievements. 

About a year before his death his health began to fail, caused 
in a measure by disease contracted by army life and exposure. In 
February, 1892, he started for Florida, hoping for improvement, 
but upon reaching Philadelphia he was prostrated by a fatal sick- 
ness and died in that city, April 19, 1892. At the time of his 
decease he was a member of the American Loyal Legion and a 
comrade of John A. Andrew Post 15 G. A. R., of Boston. He 
always took a deep and active interest in these organizations and 
his comrades in the army were held in high esteem. 

He leaves three children, Thomas Wood Andrews, Isabella J. 
Andrews and Elizabeth A. Andrews. 

While Mr. Andrews was not a member of the Hyde Park 
Historical Society, he was much interested in its work and from 
time to time made contributions to its library. Like many others 
who have once resided within her borders, Hyde Park and his 
friends there always had a warm place in his heart. 



44 The Striped Pig. 



THE STRIPED PIG. 

No event, taking place within the present territory of Hyde 
Park, ever achieved as great a notoriety as that connected with 
the subject of this article. The scene of the incident was the old 
muster field at Readville (then a part of Dedham) on the 
southerly side of Milton street, lying between Neponset River 
and the Providence division of the Old Colony Railroad, after- 
wards well-known during the rebellion as the site of Camp Meigs, 
and now divided into lots and forming one of the most pleasant 
neighborhoods of the town. 

Tuesday, September ii, 1838, was the date of the famous 
muster, and its story is well told by an unknown correspondent in 
the Boston Herald iox August 26, 1892, from which the following 
quotations are taken . 

"The Legislature had passed what was known as the ' fifteen- 
gillon law.' This was looked upon as a death blow to the retail 
traffic in spirituous liquors, and, indeed, it almost put an end to 
the drinking saloons in those days, for the law was enforced with 
rigid impartiality. It prohibited the retailing of any spirituous 
liquors, except for medicine and for use in the fine arts by 
apothecaries and physicians specially licensed, in quantities of 
less than fifteen gallons, and that delivered and carried away 
all at one time. 

" How to procure something to drink other than water at this 
Dedham muster, by the thousands who visited and took part in it, 
was the problem of the day. An enterprising and ingenious 
Yankee struck an idea which he carried into immediate effect. 
He erected a tent and stored it bountifully with New England 
rum. A pole was set up near the tent, and flying from it was 
a banner on which was painted the semblance of a pig, striped red 
and black. A placard set forth that this natural curiosity 
could be seen on the payment of fourpence (si.\ and a quarter 
cents). It met with but little patronage at first, but as soon as it 
became known that a glass of rum was given to all those who paid 
for admission, the crowds, to use an expression of to-day, 
"caught on," the patronage became something extraordinary, and 
no one went thirsty. 



The Striped Pig. 45 

"The fame of the Striped Pig spread and an extract from a 
letter from New York, published in several of the papers, 
ran, 'A new beverage called the Striped Pig, is all the go here at 
this moment at the Astor and all the fashionable hotels.' 

" Even this was not all. The stage seized on the incident, 
and at the National Theatre, Boston, was presented on the 
evening of Monday, September 24, 1838, 'A new occasional 
burletta called the Striped Pig.' The same night at the Tremont 
Theatre, the famous bass singer, William F. Brough, who had 
been playing an engagement there, took his benefit and 
among other attractions announced ' A comic song, called the 
Dedham Muster, or the Striped Pig, written expressly for 
this occasion by one of our first men, will be sung by Mr. Wills.' 
' Our first man ' was believed to be the late Thomas Power, 
at that time clerk of the police court. Wills was an excellent 
comedian, and a capital singer of comic songs. If my memory is 
not greatly at fault, he is one of those who perished in Long 
Island Sound by the burning of the ill-fated steamer Lexington. 
The song was set to the old air, ' The King and the Countryman,' 
and I give it entire. It may be said that the song had a great 
run, and vv-as sung by almost everyone, high and low." 

In Dedham just know, they'd a very great muster, 
Which collected the people all up in a duster; 
And a terrible time, and what do you think, 
To find out a way to get something to drink. 

Ri tu, di nu, di nu, di nu, 

Ri tu, di nu, di na. 

A Yankee came in with the real nutmeg brand, 
Who has sold wooden clocks throughout all the land, 
And he hit on a plan a little bit slicker 
By which he could furnish the soldiers with liquor. 

They would not allow him to sell by the mug 
Unless he could furnish a fifteen-gallon jug, 
And as folks wouldn't drink in a measure so big 
He got out a license to show a striped pig. 

He thought he'd go snacks with the four-legged brute 
That belongs to the genus that knows how to root. 
This fellow was taught, no doubt, by the devil 
The way to get at the root of all evil. 



46 The Striped Pig. 

In the sham fight there was a very great slaughter. 
And them that survived it they couldn't get water, 
For them that had wells for a quart ax'd a quarter, 
Which was a great sight more than they ever had orter. 

A doctor who wanted some patients to rob, 
Looked into the tent in search of a job; 
Disease in the optics he could descry, 
For each one that went in had a sty in his eye. 

A sailor came up imder full sail, 
Who said he chawed oakum in many a gale; 
He gave the porker a boisterous hail, 
And ax'd for a quid of his pig tail. 

A wealthy distiller next looked in, 

To see how they turned their grain into gin ; 

He dryly remarked after drinking his fill 

That was a queer way of working the worm of the still. 

A farmer rode by on his long-tailed steed, 
To ask what they would give him for feed; 
Said he'd a good stock of the Fifield breed. 
But such a striped pig he never had seed. 

The sign at the tent was Striped Pig to be seen, 
The wonder of Dedham, this four-legged tiling; 
A four-penny bit they paid to get in, 
Which Piggy paid back in his brandy and gin. 

The temperance men they felt rather sore, 

They thought the Striped Pig was a very great bore, 

But they told the keeper they'd no longer rail 

If he'd rig out his pig with a temperance tail. 

The folks at the muster they all agreed 
That this was the pig for crossing the breed, 
For he left his mark on every biped 
That went in sober, but came out striped. 

" That the force of the line * For them that had wells for a 
quart ax'd a quarter,' may be thoroughly appreciated, the follow- 
ino- from an editorial in the Boston Times two days after the 
muster, is extracted: 'The Dedhamites, of course, looked upon 
the occasion as one intended to line their pockets, and their 
extortions would have been unendurable on a less patriotic 
occasion. In many cases twenty-five cents were extorted for a 
o-lass of water. A murrain on the fifteen-gallon law if such is 
its effects in raising the cost of the temperance element.' " 



The Striped Pig. 47 

The event was at once seized upon, not alone as subject for 
amusement, but by those interested in temperance, for comment 
and moral lessons. The illustration given is an exact repro- 
duction upon a reduced scale from a very rare colored lithograph 
published in 1839 by Whipple & Damrell, No. 9, Cornhill, Boston, 
and speaks for itself. The original is in the possession of the 
Hyde Park Historical Society and is a gift to it from Mr. James 
R. Corthell, of Readville. 

William S. Damrell, one of the publishers, then resided at 
Readville in the handsome cottage near the entrance to Fairview 
Cemetery and now occupied by E. A. Fiske. 

In the library of the Dedham Historical Society, is a little 
volume, entitled "A History of the Striped Pig," published by 
Whipple and Damrell, in 1838, from which, by the permission of 
that Society, the following account of the incident is quoted : 

"The last 'muster' field at Dedham, in Norfolk County, will 
be long remembered, as remarkable for having produced two rare 
monsters of the swinish race; — the one a quadruped hog, 
* ring-streaked ' and striped, like the kine of old Laban, — and the 
other a biped brute, a rum-seller, acting in his trade under the 
appropriate banner and in the appropriate company of the ' striped 
pig' aforesaid. The partnership thus openly established and 
avowed, however long it may have subsisted, has heretofore been 
a dormant and secret one, both parties apparently ashamed to 
publish their connexion and ai^nity. The world heard a 
thousand years ago, of cvti spirits entering into swine, but not 
till 1838 have the venders of evil spirits — the 'masters of the 
spell ' of alcohol — come boldly forth as a swinish confederacy, 
with the name, 'image, and superscription' of the four-footed 
member of the firm inscribed on their sign, — with an honest 
exhibition of 'the mark of the beast on their foreheads.' 

" On that memorable day there appeared, high raised aloft 
among the tents and booths which checkered the military parade 
ground, the banner of the rum-seller, bearing thereon as a proper 
heraldic device, not a licgshead merely, but a ^ zvhole hog,' — a hog, 
not in its simple and natural state, but a hog WiisguisccV with 
paint, (or liquor.) This curious and aptly chosen emblem was 
accompanied by a false advertisement, that in the tent below 
might be found a great natural curiosity, by any person disposed 
to invest his fourpence-half penny in sight-seeing. This lying 



48 The Striped Pig. 

program, not less than the device which it accompanied, was a 
fair manifestation of that spirit which is 'a mocker' and a 
deceiver. 

"Within the tent below stood the worthy couple already 
described, — the 'striped pig' and his associate, — surrounded by 
all those elements and implements of intoxication which have 
brought so much woe and death into the world, prepared for the 
use and enjoyment of customers. 

" At first but a few individuals were tempted to enter this den 
of iniquity. A shrewd Yankee pauses long before he will pay his 
money to see a pig, or any other beast, whose exact picture is 
before his very eyes without a fee. But one or two did straggle 
in, and multitudes gathered about the tent and stared at the sign, 
and discussed its merits and wondered at its meaning. 

" It was not long before the earliest visiters came out of the 
tent, looking considerably less silly than when they went in, 
and winking their eyes most knowingly and smacking 
their lips with as great apparent satisfaction as if they 
had been discussing a pork steak, instead of a striped pig. 
Inquiries were made, whispers were exchanged, curiosity gained a 
sudden access of energy, the tide of visiters began to flovy and ebb 
very strongly, the noise of laughter, the jingling of glasses, and 
the astonished grumbling of the pig, were heard in the booth ; 
and ere long it was known all over the parade ground, that the 
enlightened spirit of inquiry which carried visiters to the pig, was 
abundantly rewarded by dividends and donations of 'grog,' in 
whatever form was most desired. 

" A strange monster to be seen for six cents, and a glass of 
rum gratis/ What tippler could resist the attraction } Siinilis 
siiniii gaudet! Many a toper now yielded to his sympathies, and 
moved off Jiog-ivard with rapid steps, attracted by animal magne- 
tism or fellow-feeling, and acting in obedience to that law which 
leads animals of the same species to herd together. Hundreds 
went and looked and drank, and went and looked and drank again, 
until in some instances they acquired such surprising clairvoyance 
— such strength and clearness of vision — that they actually saw 
double, and beheld two striped pigs, and were so strangely 
excited by the revelations of the spirit thus acting within them, 
that they reeled and capered and danced like a company of 
ranters, or a crowd of the disciples of St. Vitus or St. Simon, — 



The Striped Pig. 49 

and in some cases, it is said, they imagined themselves 
transformed into pigs, (a supposition not far from correct,) 
covered with stripes, and equally entitled with their prototype to 
the admiration of standers-by. Nay, so far did these delusions 
extend, that more than one (on dit) of those who called most 
frequently on the pig, actually came out at last on all fours, 
grunting vociferously, and affording to the crowd one of the most 
edifying illustrations that could be desired of the fraternal 
relations between the drunkard and the swine. 

"All this was considered a capital joke by the 'striped pig 
party ; ' for old Norfolk has for several years been a thorough 
temperance county, and no licenses for the sale of spirits have 
recently been granted. But the pig's partner found no difficulty 
in obtaining from the selectmen of Dedham a license to exhibit 
his striped monster and himself {par nobile fratriiui) on the day of 
the muster, and the gift of a glass of grog was regarded as an 
admirable evasion of the * oppressive law,' and an equally 
admirable expedient to bring the pig into notice. 

" We can readily imagine the reflections of the pig-exhibiter 
which preceded and those which followed his ingenious 
speculation. Let us look into his heart for a moment. 

"As the muster-day approached, the rum-dealer, whose 
'occupation,' like that of Othello, had 'gone' some years ago, 
under the operation of the old ' arbitrary ' 28 gallon license law, 
as administered by the temperance commissioners for Norfolk 
County, stood leaning listlessly against the side of his 'piggery,' 
meditating sadly upon departed profits, — now and then roused 
from his reveries by a neighborly grunt or a querulous squeal 
from the sty, and now and then, possibly, remembering, and 
striving to forget, the sad face and abundant tears of the poor 
wife of some drunken husband who bought of him his daily 
drams, — pleading with the hard-hearted retailer to have mercy on 
herself and her suffering children, — or starting impatiently away 
from some other reminiscence of the miseries produced by his 
accursed traffic. Thus musing, he remembers that ' Muster,' — 
the great carnival of drunkenness in former times, — is now 
approaching, and in his heart he curses the temperance party, the 
temperance County Commissioners, and the ' tyrannical ' law 
which has deprived him of the 'homebred fireside right' of 
corrupting virtue, and hardening and confirming vice. But midst 



50 The Striped Pi^. 

his muttered imprecations, a bright thought, inspired perhaps by 
his recent dram, and perhaps by his porcellian neighbors the 
swine, flashes upon his mind, and he turns towards the sty with a 
cheerful countenance and a hearty expression of satisfaction. 

"'That is the very thing,' says he, 'and if I don't "come the 
paddy " over these self-styled temperance folks, I'm mistaken ! ' 

"The cause of this sudden exclamation is the plan of exhibit- 
ing a striped pig 'for a consideration,' and of giving away his 
liquor. It is true he felt rather ashamed to take a hog into such 
intimate relations with himself, but for money he will 'go the 
whole.' It is true that he felt some fears that his evasion of the 
law might not quite save him from the penalties of the offence, 
and that possibly some malicious individual might get him 
indicted for obtaining money by false pretences, but these risks 
of being treated as a criminal and a swindler were trifles in 
comparison with the certain profits of the speculation. 

" So he resolved to apply to the selectmen of Dedham for 
a license to exhibit his extraordinary pig. Meantime he takes 
one of his boys, a lad of fifteen years old, whose young 
mind is ready to admire and imitate his father's honesty, and with 
a pot of paint proceeds to the hog-pen. His first obstacle is the 
reluctance of the porkers to become parties to this transaction. 
With a delicacy of conscience which ought to have made him 
blush, and a firmness of purpose worthy of a good cause, and 
a voice of protestation, loud and long and eloquent, each swine 
applied to, refused to join in the proposed partnership of iniquity. 
But their resistance was vain, for by great effort the father 
and son contrived to secure, pinion, shear and paint, zebra-like, 
one of these scrupulous disciples of the trough, and put him 
in trim for the projected exhibition. 

"And now the muster-day has closed — the tent has been 
taken dov/n — the sign is folded up and laid aside — the pig and 
his partner have returned home, weary and spirit-worn, the one to 
his ' wallowing in the mire,' and the other to his social altar, to 
count up his ill-gotten gains. The swine, at least, is none the 
worse for his liquor, for he has abstained from intoxication. Can 
as much be said of his master .-' 

" As the man sums up his filthy gains, counting out, one by 
one, the battered bits of silver, or the soiled rags which he has 
taken from the poor, the debased, the beastly, his memory 



The Striped Pig. 51 

presents to him a long catalogue of hideous faces — bloated, 
red-eyed, expressionless, brutal — a phalanx of ragged forms, of 
trembling hands, and staggering limbs, — and coupled with these 
come also (for they are all familiar to his eye) a multitude of 
others, the sad and sorrowful countenances of parents and wives 
and friends near and dear, upon whom the drunken customer has 
brought disgrace, and sorrow, and want and disease. But no, we 
will not believe that the miserable wretch who could thus trifle 
with law, and offend against decency, has any conscience left to 
trouble him. We will rather suppose that he goes to his heavy 
sleep rejoicing in his earnings, — remembering with delight that 
customers were driven to his net by the exorbitant prices charged 
for cold water by the owners of wells in the vicinity of the parade 
ground, — and to dream, perhaps, that he and his 'striped pig' 
are deified by the rum-selling craft, and placed as constellations 
in the celestial system of the tippler. 

"We regard the striped pig as the dram-seller's genius, or 
spirit, incarnate, — as the bodily manifestation of that afflatus of 
the infernal regions which animates and inspires the dealers in 
drunkenness — the traffickers in the essence of death. 

" Until the Dedham 'Muster,' the pig himself had not made 
his appearance bodily ; but the invisible spirit of the pig had, for 
many a long and sad year, been wandering up and down in the 
world, on its evil errand. 

"It is a curious fact that the advent of the striped pig at 
Dedham became at once almost universally known, and every- 
where celebrated by a certain class of people. From Maine to 
Kentucky, almost as one man, the tippler and the vender of 
tipple, adopted the 'critter' into favor, bestowed his name 
upon their sign-boards, and rallied around him as the type of 
their whole brood and generation. His portrait is hung in one of 
our most popular drinking saloons ; — it is mounted over many a 
'groggery' in our own country; — it is even astonishing the 
cockneys in the purlieus of Billingsgate and St. Giles. News- 
papers have been christened after him, and a numerous party are 
threatening to carry him to the polls at our next election." 

The remainder of the volume is largely devoted to moralizing 
and an interesting discussion of the temperance cause with the 
incident used as a text. 

October i, 1838, a little four-page sheet, entitled the "Striped 



52 The Striped Pig. 

Pig," appeared, apparently for the purpose of ridiculing the 
temperance movement of that day as exemplified in the fifteen 
gallon law. It is not known that more than one number was ever 
issued. A copy of this very rare paper is also to be found in the 
library of the Dedham Historical Society, and the illustration at 
the end of this article appeared at the head of its first page and is 
reproduced by the courtesy of that society. 

The following occount of the muster is from the Columbian 
Centinel of September 15, 1838: 

" The Independent Companies of the First Division of 
Massachusetts Militia, under command of Major-General Bradley, 
were reviewed by his Excellency the Governor, at Dedham, on 
Tuesday last. The place selected for the occasion was a large 
plain near the Dedham Branch of the Boston & Providence 
Railroad, about eight miles from Boston. There were present 
two companies of Dragoons, six or seven companies of Artillery, 
and some twenty companies of Light Infantry and Riflemen, 
each company being in uniform and generally with full ranks. 

•' About two o'clock. His Excellency, the commander-in-chief 
and suite, were escorted by the Divisionary corps, the Indepen- 
dent Cadets, under Colonel Lowell, from his quarters, to a 
temporary platform on the field where, after having rode round 
the lines in a Barouche drawn by four horses, His Excellency 
reviewed the several companies, as they passed. The troops all 
appeared remarkably well. The review having finished. His 
Excellency and suite, Major-General Bradley, Pjrigadier-General 
Winthrop and their suites were escorted as before to the presence 
of the Major-General, and partook of a sumptuous collation. 
Towards evening, there was a sham fight by the companies of the 
Division, and a very spirited contest was waged for nearly two 
hours. The weather of Tuesday was dry and warm, and favorable 
for the service. On the whole, the parade at Dedham was 
agreeable, and highly honorable to the character of the Division." 

The muster was of the three brigades from Norfolk and 
Suffolk counties, comprising the first division of the militia of the 
state. Major-General Edward W. Bradley of Roxbury was in 
command. The first brigade was commanded by Brigadier-General 
Appleton Howe of Weymouth and was comprised of companies 
mainly from Roxbury, Dorchester, Quincy, Hingham and Wey- 
mouth. The second brigade was from the western part of Norfolk 



TJic Striped Pig. 



53 



County, including, among other towns, Declham, Walpole, Franklin, 
Bellingham, Needham and Wrentham, and was under the command 
of Brigadier-General Harvey H. Sumner of Foxborough. The 
third brigade, Brigadier-General Grenville T. Winthrop, was from 
Boston. 

The Boston Times, in the editorial before quoted, says of the 
muster : — " The cars were crowded to excess and every vehicle 
that could be chartered raised its full share of dust upon the 
highroad to Dedham." 

As a matter of justice, it should be stated that the Dedham 
paper of that date states that the amount of intoxication at this 
muster was much less than was usually seen at such gatherings, 
and that everything was quiet and orderly. 

The story of the striped pig has often been told and the event 
very frequently said to have taken place in other localities. The 
late George William Curtis once used it to point a moral in an 
Easy Chair essay upon "Temperance Legislation," but 
erroneously stated that the event occurred in Maine. 




54 Extracts from Dorchester School Reports, 

EXTRACTS FROM THE REPORTS OF THE SCHOOL 

COMMITTEE OF DORCHESTER RELATING 

TO SCHOOLS NOW IN HYDE PARK. 

[continued from page 37.] 

"The Register of the Hyde Park School for the Summer 
term, was consumed with the building when that was burned." 
April I, 1862. 

"The Hyde Park School has passed from the hands of its 
former teacher into those of Miss Mary H. Clough, its present 
teacher, December 26, 1862. 

" From the necessities of the case, it remains as yet an 
ungraded school. The time is not far distant, probably, when the 
number of children in that thriving village, claiming the benefit 
of our public schools, will require the appointment of a head 
Master and Assistant. In the mean time. Miss Clough has 
labored with zeal, earnestness, and marked success, to bring the 
school into a good condition. The committee, however, are not 
forgetful of the great fidelity and the other good qualities 
belonging to her profession, which were manifested by Miss 
Sarah E. Johnson, the first teacher of this school." March 31, 1863. 

"Butler School, River Street. Highly satisfactory." 
March 31, 1863. 

"In the report of i860, the attention of the town was called to 
the growing wants of Hyde Park. It was suggested that it might 
be necessary in a few years, to establish a grammar school in that 
vicinity, and that, if the true spot for the schoolhouse could be 
foreseen, it might be good policy for the town to secure an ample 
piece of land in advance. The time has come when something 
must he done. The present accommodations are altogether 
inadequate. The hall now used for a schoolroom, is crowded to 
excess. The furniture, though good for this day, is not of the 
most approved style. There is no play-ground except the public 
street, and no rear yard appropriate for a large and mixed school. 

" Two plans have been suggested for supplying these wants. 
One is to enlarge the hall, put in sufficient furniture, and keep the 
school where it is. It is understood, however, that this enlarge- 
ment will not be made, unless the town will take a lease of 
the hall for five years. To lease, for so long a time, a place so 
destitute as this is, of one of the most essential requisites of a 



Extracts from Dorchester School Reports. 55 

well-managed school — a retired and ample play-ground — seems 
of doubtful expediency. 

"The other plan is, to purchase a lot of land, put up a cheap 
schoolhouse of two or three rooms, sufficient to meet the growing 
wants, for some five or more years to come, and leave the 
arrangements for the more distant future to be made when that 
future shall arrive. 

"The committee present this subject to the town. It 
deserves serious consideration. It ought to be looked at in all its 
bearings. Immediate economy is a very important object to be 
secured ; but this is not the only one to be aimed at. So far as it 
can be made to harmonize with the best interests of the school, 
so far let it be pursued most earnestly. Nay; it may sometimes 
refuse to furnish what the school may be very desirous of having, 
provided the thing refused be not essential to its welfare. 

"The committee have not the means of determining in 
advance, which plan would, in the end, be the more economical. 
The school would undoubtedly be more benefited by the 
adoption of the latter plan. 

"One thing the committee would urge upon the town with 
great earnestness. If the toivn purchase a schoolhouse lot, whether 
it be built upon immediately or in the distant future, let it be a lot 
of ample dimensions^ March 31, 1863. 

"In the Hyde Park district, a tasteful and commodious 
building has been erected, adapted to meet the present and future 
wants of that rapidly-increasing section of the town. It was also 
found necessary to appoint a male teacher to take charge of this 
school." March 7, 1864. 

" Butler School. This school, though comparatively small, 
is an interesting one — containing many excellent scholars, and 
reflecting much credit on the patient fidelity of the teacher. 

" Hyde Park School. This is the latest-born of our family 
— but a vigorous and promising youth, growing so fast as to be 
seriously incommoded in the quarters at present provided. The 
tables are rather turned, as it becomes the duty of the Principal, 
who has so often sat in judgment on other teachers, to hear what 
the Committee have to say of him ; but he has no reason to fear. 
Though hindered by inevitable embarassments in the present 
location, he is doing, in his own favorite phrase, 'excellently 
well.' His accomplished assistant, v/ho for much of the year had 



56 Extracts from Dorchester School Reports. 

the sole charge of the school, deserves also the approbation of the 
Committee ; and when permitted to reorganize and classify the 
pupils, in the beautiful building which is just completed, these 
teachers will have, it is confidently believed, the fullest success." 
March 7, 1864. 

"The Butler School. This school is under the charge of 
Miss E. H. Page, who is entitled to be classed among the most 
successful teachers in town, and deserves more than a passing 
notice. The united testimony of our board is to her credit. In 
geography, spelling and reading, the report is * very good ; ' in 
arithmetic, 'excellent;' in grammar, 'extremely satisfactory;' 
and in history, 'she leads all the rest.' 'The Committee deem it 
but justice to them to say so much for the encouragement of a 
very worthy teacher, and a valuable though humble public 
servant." 

"The Hyde Park School closes the list. With a teacher of 
great practical experience, whose heart is wholly devoted to the 
cause, the condition of the Grammar department is not what we 
could desire. But there are controlling circumstances which may 
have produced this result. It is comparatively a new school in a 
new location. It is imperfectly graded ; the scholars are 
frequently changing, and are inconstant in their attendance. The 
Committee feel confident that the same efforts used here would 
have, produced very different results in any other school in town. 
The Primary department, under Miss Clough, is in a very satis- 
factory condition. The Committee have received with regret the 
announcement that Miss Clough intends to retire from her post at 
the end of the present term and take pleasure in bearing their 
testimony to the rare ability and diligence with which she has 
discharged her arduous duties." March 6, 1865. 

[to be continued.] 



Hyde Park Births. 57 



HYDE PARK BIRTHS. 

COMMUNICATED BY EDWIN C. JENNEY. 

[continued from page 40.] 

1871. 

June I. Bridget Rooney, d. Edward and Bridget, both b. Ireland. 
'< 2. Elizabeth A. Crosby, d. Adin B., b. Dedham, and 

Catherine A., b. P. P:. I. 
" 6. Mary Hurley, d. Michael and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" 7. Corson, s. Reuben, b. W. Waterville, Me., and Clara 

b. Pocassett. 
" 13. Florence E. Kenny, d. Patrick and Ann, both b. Ireland. 
" 17. James H. Thacher, s. William T., b. Attleboro, and 

Annie, b. Providence, R. I. 
" 17. Herbert C. Timson, s. Thomas J., b. Newfane, Vt., and 

Susan C, b. Vinal Haven, Me. 
" 18. William J. Cunningham, b. Clappville, s. John and Rose, 

both b. Ireland. 
" 19. Lillian M. Harlow, d. Philander, b. Cornish, N. H., and 

Susan, b. Charlestown. 
" 20. Philan Dion, s. Julius and Virginia, both b. Canada. 
" 22. Alberta A. Cutler, b. Chicago, d. Charles A., b. New 

Brunswick, and Carrie P., b. Dorchester. 
" 22. Caroline F. Wheeler, d. Thomas S., b. England, and 

Caroline, b. Cleveland, O. 
" 26. James Jordan, s. Edward and Margaret, both b. Ireland. 
" 27. Eleanor C. Edwards, d. Charles L. and Eleanor J., both 

b. England. 
" — Agnes Littlefield, b. Boston, s. Charles G. and Nellie B., 

both b. Maine. 
•' — Mabel G. Hunt, d. Herbert E., b. E. Douglass, and 

Nettie A., b. Boston. 
July I. Marion H. Murray, d. Thomas and Annie, both b. 

Ireland. 
" 2. Halcyone D. Shaw, b. Great Falls, N. H., d. Edward P., 

b. Bath, Me., and Ocella B., b. Salem. 
" 4. Alice Elizabeth Jones, d. Benjamin H., b. Boston, and 

Louise E., b. Baltimore, Md. 
" 5. Willie Slocomb, s. Edwin L., b. Maine, and Sarah C, b. 

Hardwick, Mass. 
" 10. Agatha V. Cogley, d. James and Annie, both b. Nova 

Scotia. 
" 10. Lydia G. Rouillard, d. Edwin R., b. Chelmsford, Mass., 

and Eliza A., b. Acton. 



58 Hyde Park Births. 

July 10. John J. O'Merrovv, s. Dennis, b. St. Johns, Newfound- 
land, and Margaret A., b. New Jersey. 

" II. Rooney, d. John and Mary, both b. Ireland. 

" 12. George H. Hawkins, b. Wollaston (Ouincy), s. ZadoreJ., 

b. Nova Scotia, and Mary E., b. Newfoundland. 
" 12. Edna F. Walker, d. Edwin R., b. West Cambridge, and 

Eunice A., b. Augusta, Me. 
" 14. James Glispin, s. Charles, b. England, and Elizabeth, b. 

Ireland. 
" 17. Catherine J. Lyons, d. Morris and Hannah, both b. 

Ireland. 
' " 17. Joseph H. Degan, s. John and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" 20. Jeremiah Gleason, s. Jeremiah and Mary Ann, both b. 

Ireland. 
" 20. Mary F. Gurney, b. Woburn, d. Bradley F. and Mary F., 

both b. Norway, Me. 
" 24. George F. Bailey, s. George G., b. Boston, and Annie E., 

(Libby) b. Weld, Me. 
" 24. Francis McKenna, s. Edward and Frances, both b. 

Ireland. 
" 30. Florence W. Davis, d. Perley B., b. New Ipswich, N. H., 

and Mary F. (Vining), b. E. Randolph (Holbrook). 
" 31. Edith K. Yallop, b. England, d. Charles and Alice, both 

b. England. 
" 31. George Bonner, s. William and Bridget, both b. Ireland. 
" 31. Margaret Savage, d. James, b. Scotland, and Mary, b. 

Ireland. 
" — Jennie Oswald, d. John and Mary, both b. Scotland. 
" — Mary A. Gilman, d. Charles H., b. and Helen, b. 

Boston. 
Aug. 2. David Driscoll, s. Dennis, b. Ireland, and Annie, b. 

England. 
" 6. Margaret Coughlan, d. Jeremiah and Hannah, both b. 

Ireland. 
" 9. Margaret. C. Cripps, d. Matthew A. and Mary, both b. 

Nova Scotia. 
" II. Bonner, s. William A., b. South Abington, and 

Martha, b. Windon, Ct. 
" 12. Cornelius R Mead, s. Garret and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" 14. Laws, s. William D., b. Monson, Me., and Eliza A., 

b. Elliott, Me. 
" 14. Gracie L. Wood, b. Walpole, d. Nehemiah S. and Abbie 

W., both b. Nova Scotia. 
" 15. Mary E. Ansby, d. William and Ellen, both b. Ireland. 
" 19. Ellen McG. Campbell, d. John and Agnes (Bleakie), both 

b. Scotland. 
" 24. Harriet C. Morse, d. George W., b. Ohio, and Clara R., b. 

Newton. 



Hyde Park Births. 59 

Aug. 27. Orrin C. Nute, s. James R. and Margaret ]., both b. New 

Hampshire. 
" 28. Franklin A. Ray, s. George H. and Annie L., both b. 

Boston. 
" 29. Andrew Bloom, s. Julius R. and Anna S , both b. Sweden. 

" — Allen, s. John and Margaret, both b. Ireland. 

Sept. I. Elizabeth iirady, b. Nova Scotia, d. James, b. Nova 

Scotia, and Mary, b. New Brunswick. 
" 4. George T. Hanchett, s. George W., b. Mass., and Augusta, 

b. Michigan. 
" 5. Charles L. Kelleher, s. Daniel, b. Worcester, and Mary, 

b. England. 
" 9. Peppeard, d. James P., Nova Scotia, and Mary B., b. 

Cranston, R. I. 
" 9. Nicholas Burger, s. Antoine, b. Germany, and Elizabeth, 

b. Maine. 
" 10. Frederick L. Wiley, s. Joseph and Angle, both b. Maine, 
" II. Robert G. Elkins. s. Robert G. and Abbie, both b. Maine. 
" 15. Warren A. Oliver, s. Edward N., b. East Stoughton and 

Fannie R., b. East }^,ridgewater. 
" 15. Georgia Bonnell, d. John B., b. Digby, N. S., and Helen 

M., b. Maine. 
" 16. Daniel Ouinn, s. Richard, b. Ireland, and Sarah A., b. 

Maine! 
" 17. James P. Shea, s. James and Annie, both b. Ireland. 
" 18. Everett Alverson, d. William and Anna, both b. Rhode 

Island. 
" 18. Fowler, s. William W., b. Dedham, and Sarah J., b. 

West Bridgwater. 
" 19. Edward Swan, s. Bartholomew and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" 23. John Toole, s. Patrick and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" 23. George L Gibson, s. Thomas E,. b. England and Mary 

b. St. John, N. B. 
" 24. William E. Bullard, s. Isaac, b. Dedham, and Frances E. 

(Davis), b. Canton. 
" 24. Mary E. Kimball, d. Oliver D. and Mary E., both b. 

Boston. 
" 26. George IMoffatt, s. Elijah W., b. Scotland, and Lucy, b. 



" 30. John Haley, s. Patrick and Margaret, both b. Ireland. 

" — Annie Butler, d. Patrick and both b. Ireland. 

" — Mildred Durell, d. James M., b. Newmarket, N. H., and 

Baslire T., b. Charlestown. 

" — Rogers, d. b. Maine, and b. Mass. 

" — Ansel A. Stahl, s. John H., b. Attleboro, and Maria A., b. 

Milton. 
Oct. 6. Winifred Kendall, d. Edward A. and Tilly H., both b. 

Mass. 



58 Hyde Park Births. 

Oct. 7. Price, s. Fitz J., b. Boston, and Mary b. Maine. 

8. Walter E. Piper, s. Samuel N., b. Walpole, and Abbie 

F., b. Warren, R. I. 
8. Frederick W. Blasdale, s. Henry, b. France, and Fanny 

W., b. Maine. 
8. Marion T. Raynes, d. John J., b. Deer Isle, and Martha A., 

b. Weymouth. 
12. Marion M. Perkins, d. G. Henry, b. No. Brookfield, and 

Eliza J., b. New Hampshire. 
12. Agnes S. Scott, d. Albert E. and Annie, both b. Nova 

Scotia. 
12. John M. Norris, b. E. Boston, s. Josiah, b. Exeter, N. H., 

and Eliza, b. E. Boston. 
14. Margaret L. Bower, d. Edward and Catherine S., both b. 

Nova Scotia. 

19. Florence L. Gridley, d. G. Fred, b. Boston, and Nannie S., 
b. Maine. 

20. Ames, d. Jedithur W., b. N. H., and Nellie E., b. 

Maine. 

24. Thomas F. Mahoney, s. John F. and Margaret, both b. 
Ireland. 

27. John W. O'Leary, s. Cornelius and Mary, both b. Ire- 
land. 

27. Rosanna Rogers, d. Michael, b. Ireland, and Hannah, b. 
Baltimore, Md. 

27. Georgia E. Roehl, d. Edward E., b. Europe, and Ella F. 
(Perkins), b. So. Reading. 

29. Nellie Riley, d. Joseph and Margaret, both b. Ireland. 

30. Benjamin Wesley Taber, s. Joseph S., b. Fairhaven, and 
Eliza F., b. Provincetown. 

31. Ellen Welch, d. Richard and Elizabeth, both b. Ireland. 

— Lillie Mountain, d. George and Ellen, both b. England. 

— John Cullen, s. Thomas and Ann, both b. Ireland. 

[to be continued.] 



EDMUND DAVIS, 

COUNSEL-L-OR •*• KT f L-75Sfl£, 

Rooms 2 and 3 Bank Building. 

Residence, 27 Albion Street, - - - Hyde Park. 

C E. BROOKS. 

Pfactical • Hsiit^dt^essef. 

Ladies' Shampooing and Children's Work done at home if 
desired. Satisfaction Guaranteed. 



84 FAIRMOUNT AVENUE, 



HYDE PARK. 



WEDDING INVITATIONS, 
RECEPTION INVITATIONS, 
CALLING CARDS, ETC. 



Engraved or Printed. 

First Class Work. 



J. G. RUGGI-ES. 
Station Street, - - Hyde Park. 



THE ONLY PLACE IN 

HVDE F>KRK 

TO GET YOUR 

SHOES 

AT BOSTON PRICES 

IS KT H. D. HIGGINS', 
Boots, Shoes and Rubbers, 

40 Fairmount Avenue, - Hyde Park. 



20 FAIRMOUNT 
AVENUE. 



H. 7VTMRKS, 

Leading Merchant Tailor. 

The tailoring for designs in high style and quality to which everyone inclines. He 
has the latest fashions, and charges are but fair. He has French and English Worsteds, 
and Melton Tweeds and Cassimeres, which he wants you to inspect. He makes them up in 
elegant styles, and cuts and fits neat, all the latest styles of garments, and he does his work 
so complete. None can make up clothing more stylish, strong or neat. With any in Hyde 
Park he is ready to compete. 



P. Raymond Copeland, 
bENT15T, 

DYER'S BLOCK, HYDE PARK. 
Office hours, 9-12 a.m.; 1-5 p.m.; evenings. 



Chas. Sturtevant, fl.D., 

HOMOEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN. 

7 EKST RliZER ST. 




/M^TJfe Hyde Park 



<^ 



HISTORICAL RECORD. 



Vol. II. JANUARY, 1893. No. 4. 



CONTENTS: 

Frontispiece, John Bleakie, - - - Facing Page 6i 

John Bleakie, John Scott, - - - - - 6i 

Lyman Hall, George L. 'T^hardson, . ... 64 

Extracts from Dorchester School Reports, (Concluded), 69 
Resolutions on Death of Sidney C. Putnam, - 72 

Hyde Park Births, (Continued), Edwin C. Jenney, - 72 

Index, ----- ---75 



PUBLISHED BY THE 

HYDE PARK HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

HYDE PARK, MASS. 



The Hyde Park Historical Record. 



EDITOR: 

EDMUND DAVIS. 



COMMITTEE OF PUBLICATION: 

EDMUND DAVIS, LOUISE M. WOOD, 

JOS. KING KNIGHT, WALLACE D. LOVELL, 

CHARLES F. JENNEY. 
Business Manager, EMERSON RICE. 



All literary communications should be addressed to the Editor; subscriptions 
and business communications to the Business Manager. 

The Record will be published quarterly — in January, April, July and October. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, 50 cents per year. SINGLE NUMBERS, 15c. 

Entered at the Post-office at Hj-tle Park as second-class matter. 

The Historical Record 

is Printed at the office of 

The Hyde Park Times. 

WHY NOT HAVE YOUR PRINTING DONE AT THE SAME PLACE? 

THOMAS E. FAUNCE, 

INSURMNCE. 

25 Years' Experience. 

Phenlx Insurance Co., Brooklyn. American Insurance Co., Philadelphia. 

Northern Assurance Co., England. German American Insurance Co., N. Y. 
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Ec/zntable F.&M. Insurance Co., Prov. Ahington Mutual Fire Ins. Co., Abtngton. 



EVERETT SQUARE, .... HYDE PARK. 



THE 



HYDE PARK HISTORICAL RECORD. 

VOL. II. JANUARY, 1393. No. 4. 



JOHN BLEAKIE. 

BY JOHN SCOTT, PLYMOUTH, MASS. 

In the death of John Bleakie, Hyde Park lost one of her 
worthiest citizens. For a generation he was familiar with the 
growth and people of the town. To the very latest breath he 
took a lively interest in her affairs, in a quiet but earnest way. 
He was born in Hawick, Scotland, December 22, 181 1, and died in 
Hyde Park, Mass., July 31, 1892. Thus he was permitted 
to live beyond the age of ripeness mentioned by the Psalmist 
of old. Even with the weight of four score years his mind 
was vigorous and strong. 

His life was a very eventful and industrious one. Beginning 
in humble circumstances, he pursued his way in his chosen 
profession, in Scotland and America, until success was achieved. 
Step by step, he rose, from the most obscure position in the 
woolen industry, to the distinction of employer and manufacturer. 
The record of his life, in brief, is as follows. Being left at the 
very early age of three without a father, he was reared in the 
household of John Scott, his grandfather, who did a small 
business in woolen weaving. At this period most of the woolen 
industry in the south of Scotland was done in small shops and 
in dwelling-houses. Such were the modest beginnings of the 
colossal establishments of to-day. 

Being the child of a race of weavers, he naturally took to the 
business of his forefathers. The click of the weaver's shuttle was 
as regular as the mother's lullaby in his ears. His environment 
gave him inspiration and bent his energies. At the tender afe of 



62 John Bleakie, 

ten, he was earning his living as a "piecer boy" and got three 
shillings per week for his labor. A little later he was taken 
to his grandfather's shop, where he was taught the weaving 
and designing of cloth. This was before power looms were used 
on the Borders. 

Having thoroughly and very early equipped himself with a 
knowledge of his profession, he sought employment in larger 
mills, which afforded a wider field for the play of his abilities. 
His rise was rapid, gratifying and sure. His employers, who 
ranked in the van of tweed manufacturers, saw and quickly 
appreciated his abilities, by promotion to the management of 
the weaving-room. He was the first in Hawick to adapt a 
" witch " or fancy head motion to a power loom. This change 
allowed power or fast-running looms to produce elaborate designs 
or patterns. 

About the year 1847, American capitalists were awakening 
to the importance of the woolen industry. Among them were 
a company of men organized as the Amesbury Manufacturing 
Company, of Amesbury, Mass., who desired to operate a fancy 
woolen mill, especially in the manufacture of Scotch goods. 
Accordingly, they sent a representative across the seas to select a 
man who possessed a thorough knowledge of the business, aud to 
engage him. The choice fell upon Mr. Bleakie, who was then 
in the full vigor of young manhood. In the above mentioned 
year, he left his native land and came to the United States. 

In America the same push and practical insight which had 
characterized his career in Scotland, were displayed. It did not 
take him long to make up his mind that this was the land best 
suited to his aspirations and talents. So he established a home in 
Amesbury and brought to it his wife and four children, from 
Scotland. In various parts of the country his services were 
employed. He always filled positions of responsibility and trust. 
In Tolland, Conn., he began with his eldest son, Robert, to 
manufacture woolens. This undertaking might be called the 
genesis of the large woolen manufactory known now as the 
Hyde Park Woolen Mills, operated so successfully by his 
sons, Robert and John S. When the Hyde Park mills were 
acquired by his sons, Mr. Bleakie wove the first yard of cloth. 
With this act he closed his long, active, business career. 

He retired to a home near the mill, where he might yet 



John Bleakie. 63 

hear as in youth the chck of the shuttle and the song of the 
busy weavers. His love of the beautiful was finely expressed 
in his ardent devotion to the culture of flowers. The people 
of Hyde Park know how charming were the grounds about his 
house and what delight he took in their proper care. 

He was married twice. First to Mary Maxwell, of Ruther 
Glen, in 1832, in Scotland. Second to Jane Lowry, of Dedham, 
Mass., iniS/i . He had no issue by his second marriage. By his 
first, he had four children, namely, Robert, John S., Agnes 
(Campbell) and Elizabeth (Scott), all of whom survive him and 
are residents with their families in Hyde Park. 

In the course of his life what mighty changes have taken 
place in the social, political, and industrial world. When he 
was born, the government of the United States was in its 
infancy. Established and older nations looked upon the struggles 
of the Western Republic as being only a bubble or mere 
effervescence that the strong winds of adversity would blow 
away ; but the experiment has grandly succeeded, and hath 
proven the nobility of man. When he was born, the tread of 
Napoleon's battalions was shaking the governments of Europe. 
Napoleon had reached the beginning of the end ; the power 
of Great Britain was soon to break him forever; Waterloo was 
at hand. The progress in the industrial world since Mr. Bleakie 
began to labor has been really marvellous. He had seen the 
hours of labor for the working man change from 5 a. m. till 7 p. m., 
until they are now only ten hours per day, and even less in 
many branches of trade. In the matter of wages the changes 
wrought have been no less gratifying. Then seventeen dollars 
per month was a good weaver's wage ; now fifty dollars is easily 
earned, with the shortened time of work. And well may we now 
exclaim — 

'Mid the dust and speed and clamour 
Of the loom-shed and the mill, 

'Midst the clink of wheel and hammer, 
Great results are growing still. 

He had watched from the beginning the growth of American 
textile manufactures. At his death an industry of great mag- 
nitude had arisen and was flourishing all over the land. Nobly 
and well had he borne his part. As employee, overseer, manager, 
and in retirement, he always gave lustre to his labor. He left 



64 Lyman Hall. 

earth, not as one who had no hope, but in departing he seemed to 
say to the three generations gathered around him — 

S:iy not "Good-night," but in some brighter clime 
Bid mo "Good-morning." 



LYMAN HALL. 

BY GEORGE L. RICHARDSON. 

" In those days," said Hiawatha, 
" Lo! how all things fade and perish! 
From the memory of the old men 
Pass away the great traditions." 

Lyman Hall stood about where the steps now are that lead 
up to the westerly end of the foot-bridge, and nearly opposite the 
Hyde Park station on the Boston and Providence Railroad. 

There were only two tracks at that time. A third track has 
since been laid on the westerly side ; the road-bed has been 
widened and the present wall built. The ground in the rear of 
the wall has also been raised somewhat above its original height. 

The accompanying view was drawn from memory, but it is 
said to be a fair representation by those most familiar with the 
premises. 

Lyman Hall was built for a station-house by the late Rev. 
Henry Lyman and others living and owning land in that part of 
the town. The money was probably raised by subscription by 
Mr. Lyman, Gordon H. Nott, Charles A. White and others. 
A second story was added to serve as a Plall, wherein to hold 
religious meetings. 

On June 22, 1858, Henry Lyman, Gordon H. Nott and Albert 
Bowker, Trustees of the Hyde Park Land Company, sold the land 
on which the building was to stand to Elbridge G. Horton, a 
brother of Mrs. Nott. Horton transferred it to Lyman, July i, 
1858. Soon afterwards Mr. Lyman built the station house. The 
ladies' waiting-room was at the northerly end, the men's room at 
the southerly end and the hall overhead taking up the space 
within the roof. 

Religious services were held in the hall regularly for a year or 
more. Although they were union meetings, yet they may be 



Lyman Hall. 



65 



considered as the beginning of the present Hyde Park Episcopal 
Church. During the week Mr. Nott and Mr. Amos H. Brainard 
engaged ministers to preach in the Hall on Sunday. These 
clergymen were entertained by Mrs. Nott and others. The late 
Ira L. Benton was choir leader, and his family took part in 
singing with Mrs. I. G. Webster and Mr. Brainard. There was a 
melodeon on which Mrs. William A. Blazo and sometimes Miss 
Helen Parrott performed. 







LYMAN HALL. 



Among the clergymen who preached in Lyman Hall were : 
Dr. Samuel B. Babcock, Rector or St. Paul's Church, of Dedham ; 
David Green Haskins, of Roxbury ; Mr. Withington, of 
Dorchester ; George S. Converse, of St. James' Church, Roxbury ; 
L. H. liastman ; William R. Babcock ; Dr. Wayland ; John W. 
Nott, of Cumberland, Md., a brother to Mr. Nott. 

Dr. Wayland baptized the first child in the parish at Lyman 
Hall. 

Mr. Lyman also preached there occasionally. Lie had been 
educated as a Congregationalist minister. 

The writer happened to be in town one Sunday and heard Mr. 
Lyman read a sermon at the Hall. The subject was, "The 
Christian Life." In substance it was as follows : 



66 Lyman Hall. 

A Christian life, no doubt, should be one in conformity with 
the life and teaching of Christ. The statement appears simple 
enough, but is it practicable as a general rule ? Could the affairs 
of our time be managed by men who took no thought for the 
morrow, or who gave to every would-be borrower ? Or could 
governments be administered by officers who gave their backs to 
the smiters and allowed themselves to be insulted with impunity ? 

Evidently not ; and no man knew this better than he, who, had 
his kingdom been of this world, would have had servants to fight 
for him. 

It is evident, notwithstanding, that a simultaneous practice of 
the precepts of Christ would result in the reformation of our race ; 
many evils would disappear ; poverty would be reduced to a 
minimum ; disarmament would follow. If the angels' song — - 
commemorated every year — was not a mockery then, that era of 
peace and goodwill is destined yet to dawn upon the world. 

How, then, shall we reconcile the literal with the spiritual 
interpretation of the Word ^ 

"The letter killeth," but the spirit giveth life. In the sermon 
read by Mr. Lyman the practicability of a Christian life was 
discussed at length. 

It is generally the case with historic buildings that our interest 
is in the events and associations connected with them. The 
humble station-house serves as a stage for the representation of 
character. We are interested in those who were connected with 
it ; their aims, their aspirations, their successes, and even their 
failures are noteworthy, for they are a part of our common 
humanity. They have performed a brief part and then departed 
for "fresh fields and pastures new." 

The Rev. Henry Lyman, who built the stone house now 
owned by Col. John B. Bachelder, and occupied it for a while, died 
five or six years since in New York City. 

The Rev. Messrs. Withington, Samuel B. Babcock and 
Wayland have since died. 

The Rev. David Green Haskins, who is now in Cambridge, 
took considerable interest in the parish, and continued to do so 
after the meetings were discontinued at Lyman Hall. 

Mr. Charles A. White died a few years since. 

Mr. Gordon H. Nott, who bought nearly all of the Hyde Park 



Lyman Hall. 67 

Land Company's land and sub-divided and sold it, is now a civil 
engineer in Chicago. He is the author of a scheme for draining 
the city of Chicago, entitled "The Lower Level Plan." He 
proposed to drain westwardly, away from the Lake, as other plans 
do, but at a much lower level. His scheme included purification 
of the sewage product, and was published in 1893 in opposition to 
other plans recommending dilution. 

The meetings were held at Lyman Hall for a year or more 
or until the members of the parish moved to Bragg's Hall 
on Fairmount avenue, which was probably in the summer of 1859. 
The late William B. Weeman had been station agent during 
this time and till the new depot was built on the other side of the 
railroad by the Boston & Providence Railroad Corporation. 

The foregoing is perhaps the most interesting part of the 
history of Lyman Hall, if we except one short episode to be 
hereafter described. After the meetings had been discontinued 
and it was no longer used as a passenger station, it seems to have 
lost its raison d'etre — its reason for existence. It was simply 
a building to be used for any purpose. 

Henry Lyman had mortgaged the property to Isaac Pratt, Jr. 
In June, 1861, Pratt foreclosed the mortgage and sold the property 
at auction to William A. Cary, who immediately sold it — the 
land and station-house — to the Boston & Providence Railroad 
Corporation. The said corporation still hold this land although in 
a modified shape. They now claim all between Business street, 
River street, and the railroad. The Lyman Hall itself, seems 
to have passed into the hands of Charles A. White, for we find 
him afterwards collecting the rents. Mr. Weeman, hiring of Mr. 
White, used the hall for a billiard-room. In one of the waiting- 
rooms below, he had a restaurant. In 1866, Mr. Weeman underlet 
the lower part to Francis H. Caffin and P. C. Clapp. Mr. Caffin, 
a goldbeater, hired what had been the men's waiting-room, 
which was in the southerly part of the. lower floor, Clapp had 
what had been the ladies' waiting-room, which was smaller than 
the other on account of a stairway leading up into the Hall 
from the outside. Mr. Clapp was a shoemaker. Mr. Weeman 
himself occupied the hall with his billiard tables. 

Mr. Caffin carried on his business of goldbeating in the station- 
house for two years. He had bought a large tract of land 
between Lincoln and West streets, it being the first sold by 



68 Lyman Hall. 

the Real Estate and Building Company in that section. His was 
the first or nearly the first new house built on the company's land 
in that vicinity. 

Now about this time, 1868, there was a young married man 
seeking to hire a house. He found plenty of houses for sale 
but none to let. 

" I could let a barn, now," said William T. Thacher, then a 
well-known real estate broker. Finally, he heard of Lyman Hall. 
So as soon as Mr. Weeman's lease had expired, Mr. John A. 
Soule hired the entire building. This was in August, 1868. He 
occupied the lower story for a dwelling ; the hall above he 
proposed to use for a gymnasium. He also gave lessons in self 
defence. 

It will be remembered that after the war, the price of every- 
thing except real estate was high. On this account many 
considered real estate a poor investment. There were those, 
however, who considered it a good time to buy. The agent 
of the Real Estate and Building Company declared that real 
estate was ahvays the last thing to move. Sure enough, after 
a while, the price of real estate rose far above its normal value. 
This was the case in all the suburbs of Boston, and indeed all oves 
the country. Buildings were going up on every hand ; farmr 
were sold and laid out into building lots ; those who had bought 
low now sold high, if they wanted to. 

This movement, however, did not effect the Lyman Hall 
property. The proverbial inertia of real estate seemed to 
concentrate in that spot. Having been deprived of its original 
functions, Lyman Hall looked on with sullen indifference at the 
signs of life and activity by which it was surrounded. At last Mr. 
White hit upon a plan by which, it was thought, this real estate 
might be assisted to move. This was done with the aid of the 
Railroad Company, who wanted to lay a third track on that side. 
On a Sunday in November, 1869, it was moved on the cars to 
Readville to land owned by Mr. White, on Charles street — now 
Damon street — on the northerly side near the railroad. During 
the transit it rested on two flat cars, one on each track. Mr. 
Soule with his family was then living in the upper part — the 
Hall — designing to occupy the lower part for a fish market. 

After becoming established at Readville, this design was 
carried out. There was a fish market kept by Mr. Soule in 



Extracts from Dorchester School Reports. 69 

what had been the men's waiting-room, and a shoe factory by 
a Mr. McGaw, in what had been the ladies' room. 

In August, 1870, Soule sold out to McGaw. The latter carried 
on the fish business for three months and then sold out in his 
turn to F. M. Haynes. Soon after Haynes removed to Dedham, 
where he still carries on the same business. Others may draw 
any conclusion they like from this latter circumstance, but I think 
the trouble was with the building. 

After this the building was unoccupied, except that during 
1870 the hall was let for dances, and that after that, used once a 
week by the Good Templars, who had their property in it until 
1876, when the building was destroyed by fire. 

There seems to have been something in the shape or arrange- 
ment of Lyman Hall building which made it undesirable as a 
dwelling, store or manufactory. Peace to its ashes ! 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REPORTS OF THE SCHOOL 

COMMITTEE OF DORCHESTER RELATING 

TO SCHOOLS NOW IN HYDE PARK. 

[concluded fkom page 56.] 

" The past year has brought about many changes in our corps 
of teachers. In May last, Mr. Increase S. Smith was removed by 
death from the work to which in various ways, he had so long and 
so faithfully devoted himself. A man of admirable scholarship 
and of great mental and bodily activity, he had many qualifica- 
tions of a successful teacher; while his integrity of purpose and 
his interest in all good works won for him the esteem of his 
fellow-citizens. In recognition of his faithful service for seven- 
teen years as a member of the school-committee, and for nearly 
three years as a teacher in the Hyde Park School, a special 
meeting of the board was held on the day of his funeral, at which 
meeting resolutions of respect to his memory were passed ; after 
which the committee attended the funeral-service, as did many of 
the teachers of the town, the schools being closed for the half-da}^ 
by direction of their respective supervisory-committees. 

"The rapid increase of population at Hyde Park has made it 
needful to employ an additional assistant in the school of that 



70 Extracts from Dorchester School Reports. 

district, and to finish off and furnish for her and for the teacher 
transferred from the Butler School, the upper story of the 
school-house. 

"The Butler School was merged in the Hyde Park School 
at the beginning of the fall term, and its faithful teacher. Miss 
Page, finds there a more satisfactory field of labor ; having charge 
of a room tolerably well graded, instead of one where her time 
was to a great extent wasted by being given up to a large number 
of insignificant classes. The school-building, which, if it had 
been kept in use longer, would have needed extensive repairs, has 
been turned over to the selectmen of the town. 

" The new master of the Hyde-Park School, Mr. Edward M. 
Lancaster, is working faithfully, and with good prospect of 
success, to overcome in his school difficulties which have 
prevented it from taking hitherto the position in which the 
committee would gladly see it. The better grading of the school 
made possible by the transfer to it of the teacher and scholars of 
the Butler School, and by the employment of the additional 
teacher made needful by the rapid growth of the neighborhood, 
gives to Mr. Lancaster advantages which his predecessors were 
not fortunate enough to have ; and the committee are happy to 
repeat the assurance of one of their number that thus far he has 
more than realized their hopes. 

" The merging of the Butler School in the Hyde Park School, 
and the employment of an additional teacher there, has obliged 
the committee to finish off and furnish the upper story of the 
school-house at a cost of twenty-nine hundred dollars." March 4, 
1867. 

"The Butler School is subjected to difficulties similar to 
those existing in the Stoughton School. If there be any want of 
success, it is not through the fault of its teacher : but this little 
school of about twenty scholars, of all ages from four to seven- 
teen, is necessarily divided into not less than sixteen classes ; and 
of course the portion of the teacher's time which each one 
can enjoy is too small to do justice to the efforts bestowed. 
In reading and spelling, the school appears well. In history, ' it 
has but one class of four scholars. If this consisted wholly of 
beginners, it would be ranked very good. As it is it takes a 
fair place among second classes.' In arithmetic, the report says, 
' I examined five classes, and was well satisfied with all of them. 



Extracts from Dorchester School Reports. 71 

It was quite evident that great care liad been taken by Miss Page 
in tlie instruction of her pupils.' In grammar, 'the one scholar 
who represented the first class had the highest mark that any 
class of that grade received. The second class, of six scholars, 
stood second in its grade. Of the two scholars representing the 
third class, one recited very well and the other quite poorly, 
making the average mark a very low one.' 

" ' The Hyde Park School,' say the examining committee, 
• has perceptibly advanced since previous examinations. And, 
though from local causes and irregularity of attendance it is 
not yet up to the desired standard, it is making progress ; and, 
when the number of its scholars shall have so increased as 
to justify the employment of a third teacher, very much will 
be gained by grading the classes more perfectly.' The place 
in this school formerly occupied by Miss Clough has been vacated 
by her resignation, as anticipated in the last annual report, and 
the vacancy thus occasioned has been filled by the choice of Miss 
Matilda H. Payson, who has discharged her duties with much 
credit to herself and with profit to her pupuls." March 5, 1866. 

"The Hyde Park School appears to have improved under 
the charge of Mr. Lancaster and his assistants ; and this imj^rove- 
ment is specially noted by the examiner in history and geography : 
the percentage of attendance throughout the school also deserves 
commendation. 

" In April, Miss Sarah M. Vose was chosen third-assistant ; 
and, in December, the number of scholars had increased so as 
to make needful the employment of an additional assistant, 
when a temporary recitation-room was fitted up for her in an 
entry of the school-house. 

" In view of the possible cutting off of this part of the town, 
the committee may not be called on to make further provision 
for its school. Should, however, the district remain a part of 
Dorchester, greatly increased accommodations will be needed 
to meet the wants of its rapid growth. The present building;, 
which three years ago was ample for twice the number of scholars 
which it then held, is now not large enough for all that belong 
in it ; and, at the present rate of increase of population, a school- 
house of the size of our largest would be filled in a very few 
years." March 2, 1868. 



72 l^solutions on Death of Sidney C. Putnam, 

Resolutions on the Death of Sidney C. Putnam. — To the 
president and curators of the Historical Society. The under- 
signed, to whom has been committed the duty of drafting resolu- 
tions on the death of Sidney C. Putnam, respectfully report the 
following : — 

Whereas, The hand of death has taken from us Sidney C. Put- 
nam, an officer and honored member of our Society, and a man 
universally respected and esteemed by his townsmen and his 
business associates, 

l^solved, That in this loss we, as a Society, realize anew his 
value and worth as an interested and faithful member and officer, 
one whose influence was ever exerted for the welfare of the 
Society as well as for other undertakings for the benefit of our 
town and its people ; as one whose voice was always heard in 
advocacy of intelligent and well directed measures for the public 
good, and whose actions were in accord with his speech ; as one 
whose business standing and integrity imparted credit to the 
town of his residence and its citizens. 

Resolved, That while we must acquiesce in that common law of 
humanity which sooner or latter lays us all in that " sleep which 
knows no waking," and brings cessation of life's joys and 
sorrows, triumphs and defeats, we yet can but deplore with more 
than usual regret the application of that law when it deprives us 
of one whose life was of so much value to those about him. 

Resolved, That the members of the Hyde Park Historical 
Society hereby extend there profound sympathy to the bereaved 
widow and daughter in their affliction. 

Resolved, That these resosolutions be entered upon the records 
of the Society and published in the Historical Record and a 
copy be sent officially to the family of the deceased. 

Edmund Davis, 
William J. Stuart, 
Henry S. Bunton, 

Committee on resolutions. 



HYDE PARK BIRTHS. 

communicated by EDWIN C. JENNEY. 
[continued from page 40.] 

I87I. 

Nov. 2. Eaton, d. Charles \V., b. Newton, and Emma E., b. 

Salem. 
" 8. William Kelley, s. Michael and i Bridget, both b. Ireland. 
" II. Jennie L. Swinton, s. William, b. Scotland, and Jennie 
(Scott), b. Boston. 



Hyde Park Births. 73 

Nov. II. Arthur Homer, s. Joseph G., b. N. H., and Eliza A., b. 

N. Y. 
" 12. Julia A. Welch, d. Lewis and Julia, both b. Ireland. 
" i6. John F. Murray, s. Robert, b. England, and Susan, b. 

Ireland. 
" i6. James Mulvey, s. Francis and Jane, both b. Ireland. 
" 17. Edward T. Galvin, s. Thomas and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" 17. Frank Nolan, s. John F., b. Ireland, and Elizabeth, b. 

Mass. 
" 18. Patrick Kenny, s. Thomas and Maria, both b. Ireland. 
" 20. Nettie C. Davis, d. Edmund, b. Canton, and Sophia, b. 

Dedham. 
" 22. Patrick Gately, s. James and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" 22. Timothy McCarty, s. John and Mary, both b. Ireland. 

" 23. Grant, s. William and Margaret, both b. Scotland. 

" 24. Mary E. Enneking, d. John J., b. Munster, O., and Mary 

E., (Elliot), b. Newport, Me. 
" 25 Lizzie L. M. Lombard, d. Solomon T., b. Truro, and 

Annie J., b. Wrentham. 

" — McDermott, d. John and Ellen, both b. Ireland. 

" — Bates, d. Joseph C, b. liastport, Me , and Harriv.t 

A., b. Portsmouth, N. H. 
Dec. I. John Murray, s. John and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" 2. Edwin N. Estey, s. Willard F., b. Easton, and Jane E., b. 

Canton. 
" 4 Winifred Allen, d. Thomas and Ann, both b. Ireland. 

" 5. Uriot, s. George and Bertha, both b. Germany. 

" 5. William H. McGaw, s. Alexander, b. Ireland, and Mary 

E., b. Mass. 
" 9. Roxanna H. Vivian, d. Robert H., b. Boston, and Rox- 

anna (Nott), b. Derr}^ N. H. 
" 10. Stephen R. Gurney, s. 'Morris and Eliza, both b. Ireland. 
" II. Willis P. Woodman, s. Stephen P"., b. Mass. and Carrie 

B., b. Amesbury. 
" 12. Catherine McDonough, d. John and Julia, both b. Ireland. 
" 12. Patrick Gibbons, s. Martin and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" 13. Charles F. Buckley, s. Patrick and Catherine, both b. 

N. S. 
" 18. John J. Finley, s. Thomas, b. England, and Ann, b. Ire- 
land. 
-Mattey, d. Amabls and Ada, both b. N. S. 



"7? 



^:). Mary E. Horrigan, d. John and Ann, both b. Ireland. 

27. Rosina Gero, d. Jeremiah and Margaret, both b. Canada. 

28. Murphy, d. Brian and Mary, both b. Nova Scotia. 

29. Adams, s. Henry S., b. Derry, N. H., and Hannah 

M., b. Newbury, Mass. 

29. Vose, s. Benjamin C, b. Milton, and Amelia, b. 

Chelsea. 



74 Hyde Park Births. 

Dec. 29. Merrill, d. Rufus S., b. Lowell, and Mary A., b. 

Boston. 
" 29. Annie M. Rourke, d. John, b. Boston, and Ellen, b. 
Ireland. 

" 30. Jones, s. Charles C, Jr., b. Boston, and Annie M., b. 

St. John, N. B. 

• Georgia E. Ray, d. George, b. Boston, and Mary, b. 

Dorchester. 
Mar. 2. Elizabeth C. McDonald, d. Peter and Mary E., both b. 
P. E. I. 

1872. 

Jan. I. Mary Ann Allen, d. Charles Allen and Sarah Farrell, 

both b. England. 
" 2. Mary ¥. Regan, b. Roxbury, d. James, b. Boston, and 

Rosanna, b. England. 
" 5. Arthur R. F. Russell, s. Rufus, b. N. H., and Mary 

E. (Coppinger), b. Waltham, Me. 
" 5. Lucy S. Clark, d. Samuel D., b. N. H., and Annie M. 

(Smith), b. Boston. 
" 5. Emily D. Knight, d. Joseph E., b. Maine, and Maria A. 

(Blood), b. Windsor, Vt. 
'• 7. Benjamin S. Whittier, s. Napoleon B., b. N. H., and 

Ellen (Baxter), b. Dorchester. 
" 10. Charles H. Ells, s. Charles, b. Nova Scotia, and Ann, b. 

St. John, N. B. 
" 13. John and Bridget Tierney, (twins), children of John and 

Bridget, both b. Ireland. 
" 13. Carrie M. Sears, d. Wilson, b. Nova Scotia, and Jane, b. 

England. 
" 13. Henrietta P. Thompson, d. William, b. Ireland, and 

Sarah (Hastings), b. Needham. 
" 20. Anna L. Perkins, d. David, b. Hampton, N. H., and 

Hannah S. (Dunn), b. Dixfield, Me. 
" 22. Bridget Norton, d. John and Ann, both b. Ireland. 
" 26. James Powers, s. Jeffrey, b. Ireland, and Anna S., b. 

N. B. 
" 26. Willie Baker, s. Ernest and Dora B., both b. Germany. 
" 27. Percy B. Lawrence, s. B. B. and Lavinia (Green), 

both b. Maine. 
Feb. 2. Patrick Conolly, s. Michael and Bridget, both b. 

Ireland. 
" 4. Mary Burke, d. John and Mary, both b. Ireland. 
" I. Alfred A. Bowles, s. William W. and Eliza, both b. Nova 

Scotia. 
" 6. Delia Cunneiff, d. Patrick and Catherine, both b. Ireland. 

[to be continued.] 



IJ^DEX. 



The same uame may appear more than ouce upon the same page. 



Abington, Mass , 39, 58. 

Acton, Mass., 57. 

Adams, 14, 73. 

Allen, 15, 59, y2,. 74. 

Alverson, 59. 

Ames, 60. 

Amesbury, Mass., 61, 73. 

Anderson, 20. 

Andover, Vt., 32. 

Andrews, 22, 41. 

Annis, 38. 

Ansby, 58. 

Appomatox, 42. 

Assabeth, 38. 

Attleborough, Mass., 20, 57, 59. 

Augusta, Me., 58. 



Babcock, 65, 66. 

Bachelder, 15, 66. 

Bailey, 58. 

Baker, 25, 74. 

Balt'om, 39. 

Balkam, 15. 

Ballou, 23. 

Baltimore, Md., 57, 60. 

Bangor, Me., 42. 

Barney, 38. 

Barrett, 38. 

Barton, 32. 

Bates, 73. 

Bath, Me., 57. 

Baxter, 74. 

Beatty, 20. 

Bedford, N. H., 20. 

Bellingham, Mass., 53. 

Benton, 17, 32-35, 65. 

Bermuda Hundreds, 42. 

Bicester, Eng., 25, 26. 

Blake, 13, 14, 26. 

Blanchard, 31. 

Blasdale, 60. 

Blazo, 34, 65. 

Bleakie, 15, 19, 58, 61, 62, 63. 

Blood, 74. 

Bloom, 59. 

Bolman, 20. 

Bolton, Mass., 39. 



Bonnell, 59. 
Bonner, 58. 
Boston, Mass., i, 14, 19, 20, 21, 28, 30, 

o2>, 34. 37-39. 40, 42, 43. 45-47. 

57-60, 68, 72-74. 
Bowdoin College, 41. 
Bower, 60. 
Bowker, 64. 
Bowles, 74. 
I^oyd, 3, 19. 
Brady, 59. 

Bradbury, 13, 14, 19. 
BradJee, | 

Bradley, j 'j' '-^' ^-• 
Bradstreet, 41, 
Bragg, 13, 14, 67. 
Brainard, 15, 65. 
Braintree, Mass., 4, 28. 
Brandon, Vt., 40. 
Bridgewater, Mass.. 26. 
Briggs, 19, 38. 
Brookline, Mass., 19. 
Brough, 45. 
Brown, 15, ^S. 
Bryant, 39. 
Buckley, 73. 
Bullard, 15, 31, 32,59. 
Bunton, 15, 18, 72. 
Burger, 59. 
Burke, 74. 
Burns, 40. 
Burrage, 14. 

Butler, 19, 35, 36, 39, 42. 59. 
Butler School, 23, 27, 29, 35-37, 54-56, 

70. 
Butnian, 13, 14. 



Caffin, 13, 14, 67. 

California, 32. 

Cambridge, Mass., 22, 32, 66. 

Campbell, 58, 63. 

Camp Meigs, 44. 

Canada, 19, 26, 38, 40, 57, 73. 

Canterbury, N. H., 11. 

Canton, Mass., 40, 59, 73. 

Carlisle, Mass., 22, 

Carpenter, 21. 



1^ 



Index. 



Cary, 67. 

Cliadwick, 30. 

Clianibeilin, 31, 32. 

Cliarlestown, Mass., 39, 57, 59- 

Chelmsford, Mass., 57. 

(Jhelsea, Mass., 73. 

Cheney, 38. 

Chicago, ill., 57,67. 

Chick, 15, 32,41. 

China, Me., 38. 

Choate, 40. 

Clapp, 31, 32, 67. 

Clappville, 57. 

Clark, 23, 27, 38, 74. 

Clarendon Hills, g, 10. 

Cleveland, O., 14, 19, 57. 

Clough, II, 54, 56, 71. 

Cobb, 39. 

Coggins, 20. 

Cog'ley, 57. 

Colburn, 31. 

Collins, 13, 22, 37, 39. 

Congregational Church, 22. 

Connecticut, 39. 

Connolly, 74. 

Conroy, 19. 

Consadine, 20. 

Converse, 65. 

Coppinger, 74. 

Cornish, N.IL, 57 

Corrigan, 20. 

Corson, 57. 

Corthell, 47. 

Costello, 20. 

Cotter, 15. 

Coughlan, 58. 

Cram, 32. 

Crane, 24, 28, 35. 

Crankshaw, 20. 

Cranston, 11. I., 59. 

Crawford, 39. 

Cripps, 39, 58. 

Crocker, 40. 

Crosby, S, 9, 37. 57- 

Cross, 12. 

C alien, 60. 

Cumberland, Md., 65. 

Cunniff, 74. 

Cunningham, 57. 

Curran, 38, 40. 

Curtis, 53. 

Gushing, 23. 

Cutler, 57. 

Dalrymple, 39. 

Damrell, 47. 

Daniels, 2. 

Davis, 12, 15, 22, 30-32. 58. 59, 72, 73. 

Dedham Historical Society, 18, 47, 5; 



Dedham, Mass., 4, 20, 31, 32, 39, 44-47, 
49-53. 57. 59. 65. 63, 69, 73. 

Dedham Manufacturing Co., 30. 

Degan, 58. 

Deer Isle, Me., 39, 40, 60. 

Dennis, Mass., 40. 

Derry, N. H., 73. 

Derry, Vt., 33. 

Digby, N. S., 59. 

Dion, 57. 

Dixfield, Me., 74. 

Dolan, 38-40. 

Dora, 39. 

Dorchester, 18, 19, 25, 26, 35, 38, 52, 54, 
57. 65, 69, 74. 

Douglas, Mass., 57. 

Downey, 20. 

Dracut, Mass., 20. 

Draent, 19. 

Draper, 31. 

DriscoU, 58. 

Drury, i, 

Dunn, 74. 

Durell, 59. 

East Bridgewater, Mass., 59. 

Eastman, 65. 

Easton, Mass., 73. 

Eastport, Me., 73. 

East Providence, li. I., 38. 

Eaton, 72. 

Edwards, 57. 

Elkins, 59. 

Elliot, 38, 73. 

Elliott, Me., 38. 

Ells, 74. 

Ehvell, 40. 

England, 19, 20, 37-40, 57-60, 73, 74- 

Enneking, 73. 

Episcopal Church., 65. 

Essex, 31. 

Estey, 20, 73. 

Evans, 13, 14. 

Everett, 15, 32. 

Exeter. N. H., 60. 



Fairhaven, Mass., 60. 

Fairmount, 2, 9, 10, 13, ZZ^ 34- 

Fallon, 20. 

Farnham, ■t^'}). 

Farrell, 74. 

Fernandiua, Fla., 42. 

Fessenden, 24, 28. 

P'ield, 27. 

Finley, 73. 

Fish, 31, 32. 

Fisk, 13, 14, 47- 

Fitts, 31, 32. 



Index. 



77 



Flanders, 20, 28. 
Folsom, 31, 
Foster, 11, 42. 
Fowler, 59. 

Foxborougli, Mass., 53. 
France, 39, 60. 
Fanklin, Mass., 53. 

Galvin, 40, 73. 

Gardner, 31. 

Gateley, 73. 

Geikie, 6. 

Germany, 59, 73, 74. 

Gero, 73. 

Gerry, 11 -14. 

Gibbons, 73. 

Gibson, 59. 

GifEord, N. H., 39. 

Gill, 39. 

Gilman, 17, 58. 

Gleasou, 58. 

Glispiu, 58. 

Gloucester, Mass., t^'^. 

Goodnough, 31, 

Gould, 40. 

Grant, 42, 73. 

Gray, 15. 

Great Falls, N. 11., 57. 

Greene, 13, 14, 74. 

Greenwood, 23. 

Grew, 15, 17, 30. 

Grew's Woods, 6, 7, 9. 10. 

Gridley, 60. 

Griggs, 31. 

Gurney, 58, 73. 

Haley, 59. 
Ham, 39. 

Hamilton, N. H., 40. 
Hamlet, 20. 
Hampton, N. H., 74. 
Hanchett, 59. 
Hancock, 14. 
Hannaford, 34. 
Hardwick, Mass., 57. 
Harlow, 57. 
Harvard, Mass., 37. 
Haskell, 39. 
Haskins, 65, 66. 
Hastings, 74. 
Hathaway, 37. 
Haverhill, Mass., 32. 
Hawick, Scotland, 61, 62. 
Hawkins, 58. 
Haynes, 69. 
Henderson, 39. 
Hickey, 15, 39. 
Higgins, 15. 
Hill, 19, 39. 
Hilton, 20. 



Hingham, Mass., 52. 

Hinckley, i. 

Holbrook, Mass., 58. 

Holland, 38. 

HoUingsworth, 27, 28. 

Hollis, Me., 19. 

Holmes, 31. 

Holtham, 39. 

Homer, 73. 

Homer, N, Y., 21, 37. 

Hoogs, 38. 

Horrigan, 73. 

Horton, 64. 

Howland, 39. 

Howe, 52. 

Hubbard, 14. 

Humphrey, 12, 15. 

Hunt, 57. 

Hurley, 57. 

Hyde Park Land Co., 64, 66. 

Hyde Park Savings Bank, 2. 

Hyde Park Woolen Mills, 61. 

Ingalls, 42. 

I. O. G. T., 69. 

Ipswich, Mass., 40. 

Ireland, 19, 20, 37-40, 57-59, 72-74. 

Jackson, 38. 
Jaffrey, N. H., 38. 
j Jaques, 32. 

Jenney, 15, 19, 37, 57, 72- 
Johnson, 15, 36, 54. 
Jones, 57, 74. 
Jordan, 19, 57. 
Joubert, 39. 
Judson, 13. 

Kansas, City, Mo., 32. 
Kelleher, 59. 
Kelley, 72. 
Keltic, 39. 
Kendall, 20, 59. 
Kendrick, 20. 
Kennedy, 37. 
Kenny, 57, 73, 
Kimball, 59. 
King, 56, 71. 
Knapp, 26. 
Knibbs, 38. 
Knight, 15, 21, 22, 74. 

Lamon, 20. 

Lancaster, 70, 71. 

Lane, 4. 

Lawrence, 74. 

Laws, 58. 

Lee, 42. 

Leseur, 12, 17, 21, 22, 37, 

Lewis, 24, 38. 

Lewiston, Me., 41. 



78 



Index. 



Libby, 58. 
Liijculu, 40. 
Littlefieki, 57. 
Lodge, 14. 
Lombard, 73. 
Loriiig, 2. 
Londou, 74. 
Lovell, 15. 
Lowell, 52. 
Lowell, M:iss., 38, 74. 
Low Plain, 30. 
Lowry, 63. 
Luce, 40. 
Ludlow, Vt., 39. 
Lunenburg, M.uss., 38. 
Lyford, 39. 
Lytnan, 64-67. 
Lyman Hall, 64. 
Lyons, 58. 

Mahoiiey, 20, 38, 60. 

Maine, 20, 37-40, 53, 57, 59 60, 74. 

Malone, N. Y., 40. 

Malony, 38. 

Manning", 39. 

Marblcliead, Mass., 4. 

Mason, i, 39. 

Ma^sacliuseits, 40, 59, 73. 

Mattey, 73. 

Maxwell, 63. 

Mcz\.voy, 15. 

McCarty, 73. 

McDermoU, 73. 

McDonald, 74. 

McDonougli, 40, 73. 

McOaw, 69, 73. 

McGormau, 38. 

McGowan, 40. 

McKenna, 58. 

McNabb, 20. 

Meade, 58. 

Measte, 38. 

Medfield, Mass, 40. 

Meredith, N. IL, 39. 

Merrill, 39, 74. 

Mexico, 14, 

Michigan, 59. 

Milton, Mass., 19,20,23,24, 252S, 59, 73. 

Moffat, 59. 

Monahan, 40. 

Monsou, Me., 58. 

Mooar, 40. 

Moran, 20. 

Morse, 58. 

Mountain, 60. 

Mount Neponset, 9, 10, 22. 

Muddy Pond, 6. 

Mulcahy, 20. 

Mullen, 20. 

Mulvcy, 73. 



Munster, Ohio, 73. 
Murphy, 73. 
Murray, 57, 73. 
Music Hall, 13, 34. 

N"ahant, Mass., 4. 

Nantucket, Mass., 39. 

Nash, 31, 32, 37. 

Nashua, N. H., 19, 20, 2)2>- ^ 

Needham, Mass., 53, 74. 

Neponset River, g, 10, 34. 

New Bedford, Mass., 39, 40. 

New Brunswick, 19, 20, 37, 39, 57, 59, 

59. 74- 
Newbury, Mass., 73. 
New Faue, Vt., 57. 
Newfoundland, 58. 
New Eng. Hist. Gen. Sociely, iS. 
New Hampshire, 20,39. 40, 58,60, 73 ,74. 
New Ipswich, N. H., 58. 
New Jersey, 39, 58. 
Newmarket, N. H., 59. 
Newport, Me., 73. 
Newton, Mass., i, 58, 72. 
New York, 19, 20, 40, 45, 66, 73. 
Nichols, 31. 
Nickerson, 31. 
Nilson, 38. 
Nolan, 73. 
Norris, 60. 

Northbridge, Mass., 40. 
North Brookfield, Mass., 60. 
Norton, 14, 20, 74. 
Norton, Mass., 40. 
Norway, Me., 58. 
Nott, 64-66, 73. 
Nova Scotia, 19, 20, 38-40, 57-60, 63, 64, 

73» 74- 
Nute, 59. 

O'Brien, 19. 
O'Hearn, 20. 
Ohio, 38, 39, 58. 
O'Leary, 60. 
01iver,'59. 
O'iVIealey, 40. 
O'Merrow, 58. 
Oswald, 58. 
Otesse, 19. 

Page, 56, 70,71. 

Paine, 31, 32. 

Parker, 31, 

Parrott, 65. 

Pawtucket, R. I., 20. 

Payson, 71. 

Pease, 31. 

Penman, 43. 

Peppeard, 59. 

Perkins, 13, 14, 15, 38, 60, 74. 

Petersburg, Va., 42. 



Index. 



79 



Philadelphia, Penn., r, 19, 43. 

Pine Garden, 5, 6, 26. 

Piper, 16, 17, 60. 

Plaisted, 42. 

Pleasant, Kidge, Me., 41. 

Plymouth, Mass., 61. 

Pocassett, Mass., 57. 

Portland, ]\re., 19, 37. 

Portsmouth, N. U., 39, 73. 

I'otter, 39. 

Power, ) 

Powers, ] 457 74- 

I'ratt, 14, 19, 67, 68. 

Prentice, 40. 

Price, 60. 

Prince Edward's Island, 57, 74. 

Providence, R. I., 16, 37, 38, 57. 

Provincetown, Mass., 60. 

Putnam, 15, 17, 34, 72. 

Quincy, Mass., 4, 14, 52, 58. 

Quinn, 59. 

Radford, 12-15. 
Randolph, Ma.-s., 58. 

l^ay. 59. 74- 

Raynes, 14, 60. 

Read, 30. 

Reading, Mass., 60. 

Readville, 30-32, 44, 68. 

Regan, 74. 

Real Estate Building Co., 68. 

Rehoboth, Mass., 21. 

Reiley, 40, (^See Riley.) 

Rhode Island, 20, 59. 

Rice, I. 

Rich, 13, 15. 

Richardson, 15, 20, 64. 

Riley, 60, (See Reiley.) 

Roanoke Island, 42. 

Roberts, 13, 14. 

Robbins, 23. 

Robinson, 11. 

Roch, 60. 

Rogers, 11, 59, 60. 

Rollins, 40. 

Rooney, 38-40, 57, ^S. 

Rouillard, 57. 

Roundy, 27. 

Rourke, 74. 

Rowland, 19. 

Roxbury, Mass., 27, 39, 52, 65, 74. 

Russell, 74. 

Ruther Glen, Scotland, 63. 

St. John, N. B., 19, 59, 74. 

St. Johns, Newfoundland, 58. 

St. Louis, Mo., 38. 

St. Stevens, X. B., 37. 

Salem, Mass., 4, 39, 57, 72. 

Sampson, 39. 

Sandwich, Mass., 57. 



Savage, 58. 
Schofield, 40. 

Scotland, 19, 20, 38,39,5-^59,61,72,73- 

Scott, 60, 61, 63, 72. 

Scudder, 14. 

Sears, 4, 40, 74. 

Seavy, 12. 

Seneca Falls, N. Y., 20. 

Shaw, 57. 

Shea, 59. 

Shehan, 39. 

Sheldon, 21. 

Simpson, 40. 

Slafter, 32. 

Slocomb, 57. 

Smith, 34, 69, 74. 

Snow, 2. 

Sonle, 13, 68, 68. 

South America, 39. 

South Abington, Mas?., 39, 58. 

Springfield, Mass., 2,2)- 

Stack, 37. 

Stahl, 59. 

Steens, 31, 32. 

Stoughton, Mass., 59. 

Stuart, I, 2, 13-15, 34, 72. 

Sudbury, Mass., 12, 14. 

Sullivan, 19. 

Sumner, 23-29, 34, 53. 

Sunderland, 2. 

Sunnyside, 9. 

Swan, 59. 

Sweden, 38, 59. 

Sweeney, 38, 40. 

Swinton, 72. 

Taber, 60. 
Tarrant, 19. 
Templeton, N. IT., 33. 
Tewksbury, 15. 
Thacher, 13, 14, 57, 68. 
Thaxter, 23. 
Thomson, 



Thompson, 



19, 31, 40, 74. 



Tierney, 74. 
Tileston, 27. 
Tillinghast, 17. 
Timson, 57. 
Tolland, Conn., 61. 
Toole, 59. 
Tower, 37. 
Treadwell, 31. 
Truro, Mass., 73. 
Turnbull, 38. 
Twenty Associates, 33. 

Upham, 10. 
Uriot, 73. 

Vermont, 20, 37, 38. 
Vinal Haven, Me., 57. 



8o 



Index. 



Vining, 58. 
Vivian, 73. 
Vose, 13, 14, 19, 71, 73- 

Walker, 58. 

Walpole, Mass., 38, 53, 58, 60. 

Waltham, Mass., 39. 

Waltham, Me., 74. 

Ward, 14. 

Warreu, 34. 

Warren, K. I., 60. 

Warrenton, Va., 42. 

Washburn, 11. 

Washington, 11, 26. 

Waterford, Vt., 38. 

Waterman, 21, 31. 

Waterville, Me., 57. 

Waverly Club, 15, 19. 

Way land, 65, 66. 

Webster, 13, i4i 65. 

Weeman, 67, 68. 

Welch, 60, 73. 

Weld, 13-15, 23, 34. 

Weld, Me., 58. 

West Bridgewater, Mass., 59. 

West Cambridge, Mass., 58. 

West Waterville, Me., 57. 



Weymouth, Mass., 4, 52,60. 

Wheeler, 20, 57. 

Whipple, 20, 47, 

Whitcher, 13-15. 

White, 13, 14, 38, 64-68. 

vVhitcroft, 38. 

AVhittier, 19, 74. 

Wiley, 59. 

Willard, 20. 

Williams, 37, 39. 

Wills, 45. 

Wilson, 37, 40. 

Windon, Conn., 58. 

Windsor, Vt., 74. 

Winthrop, 52, 53. 

Wiuthrop, Me., 40. 

Withington, 65, 66. 

Woburn, Mass.. 58. 

Wolfboro',N. H., 39. 

Wood, 43, 58. 

Woodbury, 42. 

Woodman, 73. 

Worcester, Mass., 16, 20, 40, 59. 

Worden, 34. 

Wrentham, Mass., 20, 53, 73. 

Yallop, 58. 



EDHUND DAVIS, 



COUNSELLOR •*• HT f LKirtZ, 

Rooms 2 and 3 Bank Building. 

Residence, 27 Albion Street, - - - Hyde Park. 



84 FAinMOUNT AVENUE, 
HYDE PARK. 



C. E. BROOKS, 

Practical Hairdresser. 

Hair cutting in all the latest styles. Ladies' Hair cutting, 
Curling, Singeing, Crimping and Shampooing done at shop or 
residence as desired. Also a specialty of Children's Hair cutting. 



WEDDING INVITATIONS, 
RECEPTION INVITATIONS, 
CALLING CARDS, ETC 



Engraved or Printed. 

First Class Work. 



J. G. RUCGLES. 
Station Street, = - Hyde Park. 



THE ONLY PLACE IN 

MYDE PKHK 

TO GET YOUR 

SHOES 

AT BOSTON PRICES 

IS TKT H. D. MIGGINS'. 
Boots, Shoes and Rubbers . 

40 Fairmount Aveuue, - Hyde Park. 



20 FAIRMOUNT 
AVENUE. 



H. TV^ARKS 

Leading Merchant Tailor. 

The tailoring for designs in high style and quality to which everyone inclines. He 
has the latest fashions, and charges are but fair. He has French and English Worsteds, 
and Melton Tweeds and Cassimeres. which he wants you to inspect. Ke makes them up iu 
elegant styles, and cuts and fits neat, all the latest styles of garments, and he does his work 
so complete. None can make up clothing more stylish, strong or neat. With any in Hyde 
Park he is ready to compete. 



P. Raymond Copeland. 
bENT15T, 

DYER'S BLOCK, HYDE PARK. 
Office Hours, 9-12 a.m.; 1-5 p.m.; evenings. 



Chas. Sturtevant, fl.D. 

HOMOEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN. 

7 E75ST RliZER ST.