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Full text of "Idea:a rebel yell"

Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive 

in 2010 witii funding from 

Lyrasis IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/ideaarebel21909unse 



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DEC 2 1943 

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PROCESSED BX 
B.'jpOW LAB 

LOT #_11L 



The Idea 



V--!. II 



A REBEL YELL 



January, 1909 



No. I 



In love to man : 

In haired to man's enemies. 



[Copurighl 1906, Av A Jon A. Yo<ler] 



bi<i N'^ SOME SERMONETTES GOTTEN Li 



ANYHOW 
ANYWHERE 



AS THE 
SPIRIT MOVES 



And Published Scmi-occasicnally by ADON A, YODEIv Editor 

LYNCHBURG VIRQlNtA 

5c THE COPY 



OUR IDEA 

Is to get you in the good habit of buy- 
ing your Buits and furnishings from 

Clieatham & Maloney Go. 

Clothiers Lynchburg, Va, 



Time is IVIoney I 

Keep your time-piece right. We are ^ 

expert rejjairers and deulere in S[ 

Watches, Diamonds and Jewelry. S 

% Just let US show yon our up-to-dato ^ 

A Stock. 

I J. W. Wilkins & Co. 

TO 921 MAIN STREET 




LI BRYANT 

Qlnttlrartor 



BUILDER and REPAIRER 






400WADSWORTH STREET 

LYNCHBURG, VA. 




Will While Dry Goods Go. 

If the hollow of your foot make a hole in de groun', 

De ain't no Virginny blood in you; 
My folks' instep rise up like a moun'. 

And de quality am shown in de shoe. 



In addition to our large stock of dry goods and notions we have a 
large line of sample shoes of quality at low prices. 

Phone 421 Cor. 11th and Main 



Father^s Bread 

Tell your grocer that you 
don't want any substitute 



C. B. ROBERSON 

1213 NINTH STREET 



WAY OUT WEST 

A live hustling young" man has started a 
new grocery store and he'll deliver goods 
to you anywhere, even in the city limits 
of Lynchburg, Va. We are just talking 
about West Lynchburg, and the live 
grocer who sells cheap and delivers so 
promptly is :::::::::: 

R. T. APPERSON 

Phone 2146 300 Euclid Avenue 



Do You Ever Think 

that it would pay you in selecting 

Sasii, Doors, Blinds, Building Material 

to consider quality in connection with price? 
If you do, this ad's for U. Get the idea? 

Wm. O, TAYLOR 

916-920 Church Street 



The slack season being upon us, we 
are able to make you a hand-made suit 
at wh^t you would pay for a ready-made 
suit. Qive us a trial and be convinced. 
Personal attention given to cleaning' and 
pressing. / • 

I McDONALb & DUf^FftER 

s Merchant Tailors 

I Ph&ne 1656 215 Eighth St. 



! WHEN THE TOWN GOES ORY 

If you'll just take the money you've been 
spending in treats and the like and put it in 
beautifying your home we'll agree to put 
new furniture in your house, and after 
a while you'll say, "Mary, I'm glad the old 
town did -go dry, after all." ::::::: 

A, A, McOorkle 

1022 Main Street 

4 



The Idea 

ADON A. YODER, Editor and Publisher 
VOL. II. JANUARY, 1909. No. 1, 

Gotten up at Elsewhere, Va., by '"^he Minority," 
a Relael Society, founded "by Nathaniel Bacon, Hero 
and Revolutionist; patronized by Thomas Jefferson, 
Patrick Henry, and George Washington, Lovers of 
Liberty and Rebels all; and now revived by another 
band of Virginia Rebels jealous of the cause of liberty 
in their native State, whose official seal is the rebel 
yell, "Down with the Tyrant!" 



The public acts of public servants are public prop- 
erty. When Virginians cease to have a right to dis- 
cuss among themselves, either by press or speech, the 
acts of their own public servants or their fitness for 
office, then indeed will Virginia be politically and 
morally dead, and you'd better phone for the under- 
taker. Now to the work! 



A LOCAL PREACHER said that any man who 
would sell his talents to write ads for the 
whiskey people was a penny-a-liner, or words 
somewhat to that effect. We will show that one par- 
ticular penny-a-liner, Mr. C. W. A. Veditz, head of the 
defunct Ljmchburg Business Men's League, was a de- 
liberate falsifier. 

In his ad in the "Advance" of November 30 he 
quoted as an ** AUTHENTIC FACT" (in big letters) 
that "morals are better and the people more orderly 
and law-abiding in "wet" counties than in "dry" — 
and cited two lists of counties, wet and dry, to sub- 
stantiate his statement. 

Out of the thirteen wet counties — ^so marked by 
Mr. Veditz — six are dry, namely, Botetourt, Nelson, 
Floyd, Amherst, Henry, and Albemarle; and in all the 
other seven there are only six saloons and five hotel 
dealers, so that they even are practically dry. There- 
fore all of his deductions based on these figures are 
false. 

We counted about nine lies in this one ad alone. 
No woiider the League disbanded. They could not 
stand for such rot. 

Even if Veditz 's list were that of nominally wet 
counties, still his statements were false, for the recent 
liquor laws had practically wiped out the liquor busi- 
ness in the country. 

6 



So many fibs were told during the campaign that 
the Anti-Saloon League could not deny them as fast 
as they were made. 

The An ti- Saloon League stands only for the abolition 
of the saloon. Its policy is tame compared with "The 
Idea," which stands for the utter abolition of strong 
drink as a beverage. 

Let no one be confused concerning the position of 
this little publication. "The Idea*' was fighting the 
whiskey traflc before the local Anti-Saloon League 
ever came into existence, and will continue to do so 
long after the League has run its course. 

* # • • « 

We've heard of reversible hinges and reversible 
levers; but Lynchburg has got 'em all beat in an 

automatic reversible judge. 

* * * * * 

When the wet people next year commence to talk 
about the city's financial condition, you just bear this 
in mind, that a city council largely controlled by wet 
men have just burdened the people for next year by 
doubling the salaries of many of the city officers. 

It might be mentioned in this connection, that the 
city officials, for good business reasons, for the most 
part kept mighty quiet about saying anything for tht 
drys during the campaign. 

Employes of the city fire department were informed 



that if the town went dry they would either get lower 
wages or lose their johs. 

The policemen were instructed to keep their mouths 
shut — as if those in charge have anything to do with 
the freedom of speech of the men under them! We 
wonder who is responsible for such conditions, and the 
answer is found in the fact that the whiskey interests 
have their hands on the government of Lynchburg so 

completely that every city employe feels it. 

* * » * * 

While talking about city employes, this question 
is pertinent: Is there any justice in greatly raising 
the salaries of the men at the top and very materially 
cutting down the salaries of the day-laborer at the 

bottom, as has been done recently in Lynchburg? 

***** 

The wets during the recent campaign were exceed- 
ingly anxious to get rid of Mr. A. T. Quick as judge 
in the first precinct of the Second Ward, and came 
near succeeding, on the slim pretext that Mr. Quick 
had a summer home in the country. 

The real trouble with the dry Mr. Quick was that 
he was too dry and too quick. 

And we have not heard of a single man yet being 
surprised at the whiskey people using such methods 

in an election. 

***** 

"The Idea" makes this charge: That a certain wet 

8 



i^^'iliswar at* least' five tidies refused to re^ster , dry 
A'^tf,' '^liom ^e ^buld liave ri^sgistered, .and ,wl^9. wef^ 
iimy^ quktified- iby the payment, of aUjieci^ssaxy,, .tx^jce? 
'^fk" nioiitlis prior to ite election^ , ^, ^^^^.^ , .j .^ . _, .. 
'"^he 'Electoral IBoard has not yet scfen fit , to rQjnpy^ 
HS'tiyefic^inibet 26),'; ' ^^' ^ ,',! " ^_ _ _^' " ' \^ .^.^ \^. ..:■.....:,,..! 
^^A t'ejgfistrar a^soliitely refused to oh^y. the stajute 
ai^d ih€i fcoiirt in "regarid to permi^ttipLg eitizens to^ ex- 
amine his "books. He has not been, removed. . .,^ 

, A registrar proved. himself an adept at, meeting w€^ 
ji^ople to register tliem, and hard to .find when, a dry 
man %juated to rejgiister. , He is still registrar. 

^Ibiother registrar is sych a hase man and keeps his 
IJdbks at such, a rough house that reputable people 
refuse feither to go to him to register or to vote.. He 
tis not been removed. 

The Anti-Saloon League was rebuffed and fought 
against at every turn— and yet the wettest little pre- 
ciiict in town gave only 13 majority, and every ward 
in the city went bverwhelmingly dry. Still the wets 
say they'll keep on selling whiskey. 

Appealing from a decided election of the people is 
biit a step toward anarchy. The people are the rulers, 
arid their right to rule should not be contested. 

We believe that the whiskey men know that they 
can not win, but they hope to hang up the election in 
the courts long enough to gain a few months more in 
which to continue their disreputable business. 

9 



It is a common sight on the comer of Fifth and 
Jackson, especially on Saturday, to see the beer wagons 
and whiskey loads go filing hy on their way to the 
houses of ill-fame over on Fourth and Monroe and 
Jackson Streets. These are the places where one can 
get whiskey or beer without patronizing the legalized 
saloon. In other words, these common houses are 
Ljmchburg's blind tigers, and on Sunday in particular 
much strong drink is sold in these low dives. 

Men go there because they hare drunk and men 
drink because they go there. The crooked house is 
the saloon's side-partner. Up in Bristol many of 
them have gone out of business because it did not pay 
when the town went dry. Neither business of the 
house of ill-fame pays there as well as formerly. 

Yes, local option certainly has hurt business (?) in 
Bristol. 

We are very reliably informed that young fellows 
under 21 patronize the crooked houses because there 
they can buy whiskey without any question as to their 
age. 

Mayor Smith can stop this, but he don't. Yet he 
promises that the new law will be enforced. He has 
too big a job for himself already without making any 

rash promised. 

* * * * * 

"The Idea" has been criticised by some of its 
friends because it was radical. Our answer is that no 

10 



great good can be accomplished without it. Life is 
too short to be spent in attempting to accomplish 
something with tools that have no force and no sharp- 
ness. When you want to drive a nail the best way is 
to hit it forcefully on the head with a good hammer. 
The best way to saw a plank is to have a sharp saw 
and use it ON THE PIiANK. To slowly poise youi 
hammer and as slowly lower it into the nail box is 
not driving nails. To slowly and conservatively and 
softly draw your saw across the lumber pile is not 
sawing wood. If my child is being chewed up by 
a dog I'd be a fool to spend my time in a dignified 
and conservative monitory address to dogs in general. 
No; I must get radically after that particular PER- 
SONAL dog. 

If a particular judge is wrong we should not fire 
into the whole body of judges, but should strike at 
the particular person that accomplishes the wrong. 
We adopt the radical personal method because it is the 
only method that has ever been effectually used in 
fighting wrong. 

The weight of the "Lynchburg News," for ex- 
ample, as a moral factor in the commimity is practi- 
cally nil, for it is too conservative to ever make an 
open personal attack on existing local evils, tho it 
could accomplish more good than this little paper. 
But like the man in the fable, with his boy and his 
ass, it tries to please everybody and offend nobody, 

11 



and as a result accomplishes nothing but the loss of 

the tiSs^ ■ ■ ' .'■-;:■- '■ -:■, -■ ^ •:■ 

All truly great inett have been radical men, " ah^ 
"The Idea'* attempts to model its acts after tlie 
radically great rather than after the conservative 
weakling. 

We are not getting out this little paper to make 
money "by failing to strike at anything. But we are 
puhlishiug this paper because we have a message, and 
since we may not get out many iiumbers we are going 
to make the most of our opportunity by hitting as 
forceful blows as possible. No mealy-mouthed minc- 
ing of matters for us, but solar-plexus blows, direct 
from the shoulder. 

If you don't like it, you know there is no law 
compelling you to read it. And yet we will guarantee 
that this little red and yellow pamphlet has more 
readers than any two other publications ever gotten 

out in this goodly community. 

***** 

"The Idea" desires to do a great service to Vir- 
ginia, and so makes the following suggestion to the 
citizens of Lynchburg. Let's put it in resolution 
form: 

Inasmuch as the esteemed, dignified, lordly and 
Honorable Frank P. Christian, judge of the court of 
the corporation of Lynchburg, has proven his fitness 
for greater usefulness to his State by his numerous 

12 



noteworthy and weighty decisions and opinions, some 
of them affecting the very foundations of free govern- 
ments — among which might Tie mentioned the recent 
decision in the case of Woodson versus Stanley, reg- 
istrar, wherein the court, in a lengthy and profound 
argument and decision for the defendant, both nulli- 
fied the statute of the people and set aside the decision 
of the Supreme Court; and inasmuch as the citizens 
of Iijmchhurg have to go to Richmond to get a de- 
cision anyway: Therefore, "be it 

Besolved, That the people of Lsmchhurg, who know 
him best, having been greatly affected by his wise 
interpretations and profoundly inpressed by his 
breadth of intellect, combined with his supreme humil- 
ity and consideration for both plaintiff and people, and 
his quiet, unassuming disregard for self in his efforts to 
serve those over whom he has such lordly authority, 
do hereby recommend to the Legislature (or the Gov- 
emor) that the said Frank P. Christian be, at the first 
opportunity, appointed a judge of the Supreme Court 
of Appeals in order that the State at large may get 
the benefit of his long training, his beneficent dis- 
position, his wise discernment, and his broad intel- 
lectuality. 

***** 

We have heard of no one being run over by the 
Lynchburg Traction and Light Company's cars since 
fenders were put on. This was a matter of quite 

13 



frequent occurrence two years ago. **Tlie Idea" is 
very largely to blame (?) for this decided Improre- 
ment. We are too modest to mention many other good 
results of "The Idea's*' preaching. 

The people are largely responsible for the fact that 
their public officials get above their positions and be- 
come haughty and proud. We appoint a man to serve 
us, and then whenever we desire to instruct our ser- 
vant we find ourselves, the sovereign, humiliating our- 
selves before the servant and begging, petitioning, 
* 'praying" him to do our will, when we should simply 
instruct or direct him so to do. When we appear be- 
fore him to express our orders to him and find him 
overbearing, instead of giving him orders we fiiid 
ourselves cringing and cowering before him, who holds 
his position as a gift and a duty imposed by our 
hands. 

Now it comes about this way: We are an English- 
speaking people, and we inherit our legal forms and 
laws from England, which is a monarchy. In England 
the people are SERVANTS to the king and the courts. 
In America the people are the SOVEREIGN, to the 
president and the courts. In a monarchy the people 
have to PRAY the king for needed reforms. In 
America we have to INSTRUCT our representatives 
for needed reforms. 

But it happens that in America we have borrowed 

14 



our legal phrases from the law-books of England; anr^ 
so, when we want to get anything done, we pick ui# 
an English law-hook and petition and PRAY and BEC4 
for a thing that is not our servants* to give. 

If you were a judge, you would likely overlook these 
ancient servial formalities; but, unfortunately, we 
sometimes get a judge who can't stand this bowing 
down to, who is not big enough to see the joke, but 
on the other hand he takes himself and the people 
too seriously, and he thinks he is in fact a great 
sovereign of the people to be bowed down before. 

You know some people can't stand success or asi- 
thority thrust upon them. It just ruins them. 
Whereas, if they had occupied some menial position 

they might have been real decent folks. 

***** 

Some of you had better stop grinning over the way 
"The Idea" hit the other fellow, and commence rub- 
bing the spot where you got hit; For "The Idea" 
means to hit every citizen who has not manhood 
enough to take some active stand and do some actual 
personal work for the betterment of conditions in his 
own government, when he himself is a part of the 
kingly authority of that government and can no more 
shirk that responsibility than a king can. You can 
not wash your hands of any public duty by refusing 
to do your part 'of the disagreeable work, because, 
forsooth, you can't afford, for business reasons, to 

15 



antagonize any one. Your duty as a sovereign citizen 
of Lynchburg and of Virginia comes before your selfish 
duty to your business, because, if anarchy and tyranny 
have sway here what will become of the little fortune 
you have amassed for your children? The best way 
to look out for your posterity is to take some active 
part in looking out for good government. 

Our forefathers helped us more by fighting for per- 
sonal and religious liberty than they could have done 
by amassing wealth for the corruption of the moral 
and physical welfare of their progeny. 

Did you ever see a bantam rooster in a barnyard 
lording it over a big Plymouth rock, or buc-buc-buc- 
buc-ing to the sho-nujff fowls, or flopping its wings in 
the face of the gobbler, or cock-a-doodle-doo-ing over 
the drake? 

WeU, we are reminded of this self-important liUi- 
putian fowl whenever we hear of a little judge say- 
ing that it makes him mad for the people to come 
before him petitioning for some right; that these 
things are for the courts and the legislature, and the 
people have nothing to do with them. 

The people create the courts and the legislature, and 
quite often the judge is but the deformed bantam 
offspring of the social barnyard, and but one slight 
lick from respectable fowls would slap the poor little 
bantam into his proper place. 

16 



aris & 




^ 




MAKERS OF 

Pnrtrmta 

Phone 707 P. O. Box 233 
912 Main Street 



Thompson Supply Co. 

W. H. THOMPSON, Manager 

FURNITURE 



and Household Goods on Easy Terms 
506 FIFTH STREET 



17 



i YOUR SALARY RAISED 

T 

'f ' Your education can not be worth very 

^1^ much to you until it is worth something to 

somebody else. It is not complete until 
you can turn it into cash. :::::: 



'is 

# Fit Yourself for the Business World 



/is 

^f^ by a post-graduate course in our institu- 

r,^y tion. The cost is much lower and the 

yiV actual results much sooner realized than 

^?^ in purely classical or literary institutions. 

%f ^ Write today for our catalog and prices on 

yiW Bookkeeping, Stenography, etc. : : : 

/IS 

t Piedmont Business College 

W J. W GILES. M. A., L.L.D.. PRES 

'•jL LYNCHBURG, VA. 

18 




/. H. Moyer W. W. Moyer 

I. H. Moyer & Bro, 

GENERAL CONTRACTORS FOR 

plafitmitg, Irtrk attb 

Phone 2173 402 Brook St. 

ABOUT MILLER PARK 

When you are out with the children feed- 
ing the bears and the monkeys, and the 
peanuts and crackers give out, just send 
the children out the back gate just beyond 
the church to one of the neatest stores in 
town. The nearest store to the animals. 
Make it your picnic store. : : : : : : 

T. E. EDEBURN 

GROCERIES AND NOTIONS 

Phone 2173 208 Glenwood Avenue 

19 



NOW IS THE TIME, 

and we are the^people, to help you .select your .house 
and home, for wfe^ have real estate 6f every '<il£t8s in 
-<>ur charg'e of eviery desirable quality. There is no 
better time than right now to look it over and to de- 
cide before Spring arrives, so you can get settled in 
ample time. Tell us your needs, and the chances are 
we have just the property required. .^.^ 

J. C. Woodson, the man that made Rivermont famous 




J. O. WOODSON & GO. 

Real Estate Agents. City and Country Property 

Rivermont Property a Specialty 

912 Main Street Lynchburg. Va. 

Office Phone 1276, Residence Phone 1092 



20 



AN INSULT TO THE CITY COUNCIL. 

We print below an extract from the only advertise- 
ment of the recent local option campaign that was 
signed by the liquor dealers. The capitals are ours: 

•*WE ACCEPTED an increase in the city license 
tax from $800 to $1,500 as well as additional rules for 
the regulation of our business; and WE WERE at that 
time GIVEN TO UNDERSTAND that no attempt 
■would be made under the local option law to illegalize 
it imtil the new system had been given a fair trial. 
It was then said that a local option vote would be 
taken in February; but THIS PLEDGE HAS BEEN 
BROKEN by calling an election suddenly for the 5th 
of December. ' ' 

"We accepted." Do they mean they were tamper- 
ing with the city government? Six times during their 
brief ad they use the phrases, "we accepted" or "we 
agreed," "given to understand" or "pledge." 

The city council has no right to make any agreement 
with vice of any kind. And tho many whiskey men 
have worked their way into the council, we do not 
believe that that body attempted to make any pledge 
or agreement with the whiskey interests. (It may 
be that the other whiskey men were tricked by the 
whiskey men who were on the council, for we under- 
stand that the whiskey councilmen favored the in- 
creased license.) 

21 



The people have never delegated this right to make 
agreements of such nature with the whiskey men to 
any person or hody of persons, and the whiskey men 
offer an insult not only to the councilmanic bodies, 
hut to the manhood of Lynchburg, when they state 
that somebody has BROKEN A PLEDGE with them. 

They state further: ' *We have never, AS A GBOtJP' ' 
(because they could not AS A GROUP, but could IN- 
DIVIDUALLY) "sought to interfere in politics or in 
municipal affairs." 

"WE AGREED TO allow no back entrances," etc. 

"Twice over WE ACCEPTED an increase in the 
license tax." 

"Voluntarily WE AGREED to close at 10 o'clock." 

The very affrontery and boldness of their advertise- 
ment gives some idea why we have had such bad 
government in Lynchburg. 

And now, after the people have spoken by a majority 
of 22 per cent and made an AGREEMENT among 
themselves that they would not tolerate this monster 
evil any longer, the whiskey men won't AGREE even 
to abide by the will of the sovereign people by whose 
long-suffering they h.ave been permitted to carry on 
their nefarious business in the past, but are even now 
attempting by mere technicalities to overthrow pop- 
ular government in the hope that they may be able 
to play the parasite on the social body a little longer. 

22 



y. "Woe unto them that justify evil for a reward," 
either as a "business man or a laborer. ' 

Laws are the exifresSioil of tfie will of the people, 
and because laws are made by delegated representa- 
tives they sometimes need Interpretation by the courts; 
but when the people overwhelmingly express their wiU 
as emphatically as they did on December 5tli last, the 
courts should have no trouble in interpreting their 
"^wish. ■■ 

f^ Whereas we, the sbvereign people of Ljmchburg, Va., 
.^ave repieatedlyf^und that our servant Frank P. 
Christian entertains erroneous conceptions of the duties 
ihf his po^itioii as'liidge of our Corporation Court, in 
ithat he has ^frequently violated the will of his 
-6©vereign,th6 people, by riendering decisions contrary 
tito the lsi*\Srl d%l3^1made by the legislators delegated by 
^the sovereigns s6"%o do, and by acting in a manner be- 
-'COihiii^'^ public master rather than a public servant: 
Therefore we,' the undersigned sovereign citizens of s^id 
: cdrporatiofl;, dd hereby instruct our legislators to dis- 
pense with the services of said Frank P. Christian OH 
Hhe bench of our Corporation Court, and appoint in his 
'vStekd, as edrly as possible, a inan fitted by nature 
- and by "traiiiftlg to justly interpret the laws and to 

maintain the dignity of the corporation. 

■ * ■■« ■» "» ■ « 

5, We know of only one way of bringing the court* 

23 



into contempt, and that is by the contemptible acts 

of judges. Selahl 

• « • * • 

-And the editor of "The Idea** is still at large. 

• « « « « 

DURING THE CAMPAIGN. 

On the day after the Opera House meeting in which 
"Ean. Harrison and J. T. Coleman spoke for the whiskey 
-men, one who had heard them met a prominent edu- 
cator on the street and said; "Well, I went down to 
that debate last night between the wets and the drys, 
•and Ban. Harrison just ate Tinsley Coleman alive.*' 

Now we are at a loss to know which one the joke is 
an, but rather think it is on both of them; on Coleman, 
that he was beaten by such weak argument, and Har- 
rison that his personal liberty talk was so far off from 
the qtuestion at issue that his audience did not know 
Which side he was on. Tou know the campaign was 
against the licensed saloon, and the ticket read — 

"For the licensing of the sa^e of intoxicating 
liquors. ** 

"Against licensing the sale of intoxicating liquors.** 

And yet, several of the wet speakers got so hard up 
for argument that they spent their time talking about 

"sumptuary laws" and "personal liberty." 

« • • « * 

Some voters got scared by a so-caJled Business Men's 

24 



League of thirteeii ^ me^v (iw>^ ;^ < niimber);^ : the -, oiUjj 
officer of lY^lpliswa^^^^eitJiier afLyn^Jiliburgey npr a la^BH 
ness jaan;. ^)ut they ^ad. another tJi^i^te coping to them 
when ,th^ most prominent and infue^ti?tl T?usiness men 
in town— aJ)out 2po^«trQng-~, li»o4: a^^^ ?tgainst; tfeoi 
saloon.' ,...--.•...,-.-'■ ^.:V--' .:■:-■:■:: cKi"^' :;::t;;i~'5-£" 

Now, ain't they hard up for grounds . for contest 
when they have to call in question the citizenship of 
about 165 voters whose qtualification to yote no one; 
had ever dreamed of calling in question in the two pre*. 
vious elections held in the same year? 

By the way, do you know how many votes the con- 
testants would have to find came from the annexed 
territory in order to throw out the election on that 
ground? 

As a matter of fact, there were only ahout 165 
qualified voters in the annexed territory, but the wets 
would have to show that there were more than six 
hundred and sixty-four who voted illegally in order to 
show that the drys did not poll more legal votes than 
the wets did inside the old city limits. 

It's this way: 

The precincts in which the annexed territory was 
went dry (taken together) by a proportion of less than 
two to one, the exact figures being 374 dry to 207 wet. 

Now if these three precincts, voting 581 men, were 
thrown out bodily the town would have gone dry by 

25 



24 majority. If the annexed voters alone were thrown 
out, the majority would he 147. On the same hasis, if 
664 votes were thrown out the wets and drys would 
have been even. In other words: Basing the vote in 
the annexed territory on the returns from the three 
precincts (Rivennont, West Ljmchburg, and Cotton 
Mill section), which included practically all of the 
annexed voters, we would conclude that the annexed 
voters voted dry in the proportion of 374 dry to 207 
wet. At that rate, there would have to he 665 voters 
in the annexed territory to make the vote even in 
the rest of town. As a matter of fact, there were only 
165 voters taken in, giving a majority of 44 dry in 
the annexed territory. So if you cut out the 160 
annexed voters the town went dry by 144 majority. 

It don't make any difference how you take it — 
"old town" or "new town," "old registration" or 
"new registration," First Ward, Second Ward, or 
Third ward — ^the wets were literally "snowed under," 
and their attempt to go against the expressed wish of 
the majority is simply another evidence of their de- 
termination, often shown in the past, to sell whiskey 
in Lynchburg whether the people want them to or not. 

Of the 300 or more voters registered after Novem- 
ber, the majority were dry. So that, on the new regis- 
tration the drys would likely have had a greater 
majority than they did. Whether the Ward law is 

26 



constitutional or not, the town has gone dry legally, 
and the wets can not prove otherwise; therefore, they 
can not get the election set aside. 

But how about their killing time? Well, there is 
a way to apply to the Supreme Court for a writ of 
supersedeas in the event the lower court decides against 
us, and by this means the election will be valid until 
passed on by the higher court. 

» » » « » 

It is really a huge joke, and too serious a one for 
us to say much about, the way the saloon-keepers 
succeeded in getting as many as twelve respectable 
business men to bear the brunt of the attack of a 
righteously indignant civilization against its most 
disreputable and dangerous enemy. 

We say this for the benefit of the business men of 
our neighboring cities who may be called upon by the^ 
whiskey interests to join such organization in tho 
future. The Business Men's League of Lynchburg, 
organized and so named merely to give dignity to the 
whiskey cause, could not find a single man to act as 
chairman or head, and therefore played the lightning- 
bug act as described by our local poet in the following 
lines: 

"The lightning-bug is a brilliant thing, but hasn't 
any mind. 
It goes blundering through existence with its head- 
light on behin4!" 



^^^l^^ingPoFBnlMeritSoft IfS ^ irieitbers of th* 

bug of nocturnal habits. " '"' ''"' ^^ * '" "" ' ' V 

^l ^7?:^ 3^ i^,3:::k* •^£i:.*J^ *^i^*^:- i^^^H W';4 3-:^'d; 

; We wondei: "why- l&e > tnem'teetl ^<^f tia^"^ ** Business 
Men'js.; League '.'^^which collapsed like a mushroom 
When the * cause which gave It birth failed on Decern'- 
ber 5th — did not join in-^with; the cotitestanis of the 
election. Can it be» bTOause *they "had their belly 

'•":::'?T-?i:>-.T .t^'C*. .v.?. '"•-.«' •.;■■>•' -..■ , .^ -.u. *• 

Did you . ever play checkers "with ^ fellow who, • when 
he had made .a bad play and taken his hand off his 
man. and you had jumped three men and gone into the 
kingdom, refused to play unless you let him take it 
back? Well, that's the wj^y with the wets. It was all 
fair and square until they got beat, and then, like 
babies, they say they "won't play unless you do it all 

over again." 

* « » • » 

^ Now they tell us the election must be had over 
again because of the Ward law. We have something 
to say about that — decidedly so. 

Note these facts: 

The electoral board called a meeting of the judges of 
election in the office of the chairman of that board at 
4 . Q '.clock Friday e^vening, p«cemberi 4thf to get some 
concerted action, , : : <. -^ Svij;. 

2d 



Under such circumstances the judges decided to fol- 
low the Ward law. 

The editor of "The Idea" knows that the liquor 
interests felt that their only hope was in having some 
ground for a contest. We also know that if the judges 
had not decided to use the November electorate the 
wets would not have had this gTQunds for a contest. 
In the light of sequent events all these facts are ex- 
tremely significant. Another fact is worthy of especial 
attention: The chairman of the "board, who called this 
meeting, addressed the judges and told them that they 
should decide this question themselves — ^but he, a 
lawyer, then read the Ward law and suggested that 
they could not go against the law; and this same 
chairman had just had closeted with him in his ofl5.ce 
Judge Christian, also reputed to be extremely damp. 

Who's running this town, anyhow? 
« « « « « 

The vote against the saloon is significant of a tre- 
mendous public sentiment. 

When you can get 22 per cent more men to vote 
aga-inst than you can to vote for a thing that has been 
^ established by law and custom from time immemorial — 
and that, too, in the most conservative spot in the 
most conservative State in the Nation — you can count 
on about 5 people (note the word) being opposed to . 
it to one in favor of it. 

It was indeed a great victory. 

29 



A QUESTION FOR MR. HARRISON. 

If the citizens of the annexed territory can't vot« 
in Lynchhurg, where can they vote? 

Let '8 suppose a case: Suppose the city had annexed 
all of the West Lynchburg voting district or precinct 
instead of only a part of it. 

It is evident the annexed voters could not vote in 
the county precinct, because there would be no such 
county precinct. 

They certainly could not vott in Roanoke or "any 
other seaport town." 

Therefore — therefore, Lynchburg has gone dry. 
Get the idea, Mr. Harrison? 

If people can't vote for one year after they are 
incorporated, how is a newly incorporated town to 
have any election whatever? Auh! ain't their argu- 
ment weak! ! ! 

If there could possibly have been any real question 
as to the right of the annexed voters to vote, it seems 
strange that it never occurred to anyone in the June 
election. 

If this nullifies the wet and dry election, then Mayor 
Smith was illegally elected, and Lynchburg has no 
legally elected ofl&cers. 

» « * • • 

It is a remarkable fact that those three sections of 
ttwm which have had saloons and then done without 

80 



them, and know what it means to try it "both ways, 
went overwhelmingly dry, and the only two spots that 
went decidedly damp were the two precincts which 
embraced the two most prominent "society" sections. 

They went much wetter than even the one precinct 
which contained thirty-four out of the thirty-five 
saloons. 

Truly, Mr. Jacobs, the preacher, was right when he 
said: 

"In society the bontons and the bums are as far 
apart as heaven and hell; but on this wet and dry 

question they are arm in arm." 

« * » • « 

Not long since, while walking along Church Street, 
there came down the street .from the opposite direc- 
tion a man who was so loaded that the pavement was 
not quite wide enough for him. He halted a pedes- 
trian on the comer of Seventh Street and said: 
"Look a 'here friend, c-c-can you tell me where I can 
find any girls?" Whiskey had not only robbed him 
of his sense, but had enthroned his passions, and was 
rapidly finding for him a place where whatever finance 
he might have would be robbed from him, too. No 
wonder the farmers patronized Danville more this last 
year than ever in selling their tobacco there. They 
can spend their money now for things worth having 
and have more to carry home to their families, too. 

lomchburg doctors tell us that lately venereal dis- 

31 



eases have increased alarmingly among the men of 
Lynchhurg. 

Does it mean that they are patronizing the houses 
of ill-fame more, or that the whiskey sold here is now* 
so vile that its effects deprive them of sense enough 
to keep clean? 

Is not it a shame that "The Idea" finds such evils 
so patent that it feels constrained to puhlish any- 
thing ahout them, when there is so much that is pure 
and good and beautiful in this bounteous piedmont 

section of ours? 

***** 

It's real amusing to hear Mayor Smith say he will 
enforce the laws. Has he been enforcing the laws? 

***** 

After the last June election in which an immense 
amount of advertising was done for Mayor Smith's 
election. Mayor Smith filed a statement showing that 
he had spent practically nothing. Yet there are some 
people who do not know that a powerful machine 

exists here and does wonderfully influence elections. 

***** 

When wet people put a man in office because he is 
wet and because of what he won't do as well as will 
do, do you think that same wet man will later do 

what the dry people want him to? 

***** 

The ads in **The Idea" are extremely entertaining. 

32 




V.'.t;^r-/atf 




i lEbrtrtral ([Idntrartnr M 

i^ECTRIC SIGNS 5 

B. ELECTRIC SUPPLIES 

^ :'':. ::."'^" ELECtlllC SERVICE 



T-v; 



W^dpiCright^ 



Fhone 1400 ' ^00 Main Streejt 

se[ak:e.S3p,ear;e: ' &ajx> 

"Costly thy habit as thy iJurse can.btiy, ■. ;t =. 

For the apparel oft proclaims the man." ■ iVhl- 

; It ever pays to look neat. We study to please. Suits mad^e to 
order. Old suits renewed and repressed. Your work called for and 
delivered. Just call 1-1-7-5. 

OHERNAULT <& DAVIS 

Tailors and Renovators 

Rooms 4y 5 and 6, Virginian Building 
. *.^^ j Corner 10th and Main 

33 



cK 



HANGING WITHOUT lAW 



C We refer to PAPER, not 
necessarily yellow either. The 
most artistic and up-to-date 
designs in Wallpaper are to be 
found in our shop. C. You can 
not imagine what a delightful 
change it would make in your 
home to have those faded walls 
brightened with fresh new 
paper. And she ^^ould 
appreciate it so muclt. 



SHOLfS BROTHERS 

Paperhangers Eighth Street 



1 



34 



rr \ 

"To Sleep: Perchance to Dream" 

How blissful on a bed from 

REAMS' 

And then a massive bureau with spacious, 
smooth-running, felt-lined drawers, and the 
other pieces to match, all done in solid oak, 
say mission style, and the room cozy and 
warmed by a stove of such excellent qualities 
as we sell. 

Such comforts make the long winter 
evenings sweet and delightful. And, well, 
you need not pay for it all right now. 



REAMS & COMPANY 

618-620 Main Street 

35 



CALL — 2-4-8 — FOR 

The Reliable Plumber 

T. C. Moseley 

ei9 MAIN STREET 

Agent for Lindsay Incandescent Gas Lights 

Something New 

Do you know what anything: means ? Well, you just^ ought to 
go in that new store on 12th St (just opened), and call for 'anything' 
and if Mr. Keyser don't have it I'll eat your hat. 

"A Tombstone?" "Got it/^- \--"Toothpick8?" "Aplenty." 

And the funny part is. Mr. Keyser don't seerti; to know the worth 
of things. He'll sell you a 15c awl for 3c. That ain't all. You just 
call and see for yourself. Just opened. 

THE PEOPLES SUPPLY COMPANY 

TWELFTH STREET 

36. 



o}^o}€o»«Q9^o}^c^Q»€K}»$o»eo9e3»€o9^o»^oS^ (4^:^ c^c9^ 



"If it were done when 'tis done, 
'Twere WELL it were done quickly " 

—Macbeth, 

To do It well, have W4IU do U. 
Plumbing Welt Dt 



t 



A. LWELLS&CO. 

1205 Floyd Street 

PHONE 1724 



E. W. PUCKETT 



A CONTRACTOR WITH ONE ARM 



After all. it's baad work and not hand work 

thjit TTinhi- : n pTOod ootitractor. It Rives The 
Id<M r to recommend the head work 

of ^: .It. 



Phone 1708 321 Wordsworth 




Spring goods just received. 
Large new line of beautiful 
samples of Wallpaper now on 
exhibition, and we are sure 
we can please you. . '. . *. . *. 

S. A. SMITH 

PAPERHANGER 

Phone 165 727 Main. Cor. 7{h 



Brains and Finance 



I'ihh Ih u Rood bruin foo«!. l)OfAil#0 '<> healthy— they 
are Rcxxi for t»i^ pocWoth" much cheaper 

than other moat. Fine oyo,, ir. ..t.u ...-li can be had at 
our new stand. 

Virginia Fish <Sr Produce Co. 

Wholosale Fruits ana Produce 
709 Main Stroet 

Goods Deliveied C. T. MOSELEY, Mgr. Phone 453 



The ^ Ide 



A SIGN OF THE TIMES 



Vol. II February. 1909 




EINc 

PUBi 

ALLY AT 

AND GOTTt.N L 

PUBLIC GOOD -0 



AN YWHEN 
ANYHOW 
ANYWHE.RE: 



AS THE ^, 
SPIRIT M 
MOVES 



Call 2=4=8 for 

The Reliable Plumber 

T. C. MOSELE Y 

619 Main Street 
Agent for 

Lindsay Incandescent Gas Lights 



TIME IS MONEY 



Keep your TIME-PIECE right. We are 

expert repairers and dealers in Watches, 

Diamonds and Jewelry. Just let us show 

you our up-to-date stock. 



J. W. WILKINS & CO. 

921 MAIN STREET 



"To Sleep: Perchance to Dream" 

How Blissful on a Bed from 

REAMS' 



Spring's coming! and with it the cooing 
of babies out of doors. That means 



Go -Carts 



And to keep babies' milk cool and fresh 
in doors one should have a SANI- 
TARY REFRIGERATOR. We 
are large dealers and this is 
the season to buy. 



Reams & Company 

618-620 Main Street 




Insure Your Salary 

How imu'li of your salary c'lie<-k do you spciid 
each month? Doesn't it take clo.se lij^urin^' 
sometimes to make ends meet? But what would 
happen if the pay envelope didn't show up? 

Your income does stop when accident or 
illness comes — the rej^ular ex})enses keep rij^ht 
on and in addition increase about -WX . One 
man in every three has, sometime, to face this 
very thing — why not vor? 

BETTER BE SAFE THAN SORRY 

i'"(tr a very small monthly jiremium, we will 
guarantee tluit your income keeps right on when 
accident or illness prevents yon from earning it. 
Hadn't you better at least find out the particu- 
lars of this proposition? 

Without in any way obligating yourself, 
mail me your name on the little coupon 
attached. I will send you a useful little 
souvenir, and also tell you how you can 

"insure your income." "^'^ '" 

M'hile you think of it. 




Do it NOW 




EUGENE G. ADAMS 

District Manager 
Continental Casualty Co. of Chicago 

303 Krise Bldg., Lynchburg, Va. 



The largest exclusive accident and health insurance 
company in the world 





■' If il were iloiie when 'tis done, 
'Twere \VKJ<L it were done <iiiieklv." 

— 'MnrhrtI, 



To do it well have WELLS do it 



PLUMBING 

WELL DONE 



A. L. WELLS & CO. 

1205 Floyd St. 'Phone 1724 



"SOUTHERN BRANDS SATISFY" 



A Lynchburg Brand 
js\ Carbon Paper and 

[)) Typewriter Ribbon 

Try this Brand Southern 

'Phone 253 



^oulhern 




.0) Win.R. Wright 



D6 OATI6FY 



Sales Manager 

812 Church Street 



The ^ Idea 

ADON A. YODER. Editor and Publisher 

GOTTEN OUT AT LYNCHBURG. VA, 

Vol. II. FE.BRUARY, 1909 No. 2- 



IN this and subsecLuent numbers We will bring to 
light many cases of failure to obey the law on the 
part of city officials. Now it goes without saying 
that such men are culpable, and yet our object in these 
disclosures is not so much to blame individuals as it is 
to show to the people what the present form of gov- 
ernment, with its lack of executive responsibility, will 
do with their funds, and to show the advisability of 
changing to government by commission. Just today, 
after having written most of what will appear along 
this line in this and the next number, our attention 
is called to what the Mayor and Council are doing in 
Richmond, where the Mayor most urgently recom- 
mends government by commission, and the Council is 
discussing the advisability of reducing the unneces- 
sary expenditure of about $14,000 for collecting city 
taxes by giving this work to the treasurer. 

Lynchburg will expend this year about one-half that 
amount, or $7,000, for collecting taxes. If Richmond 
can save about $10,000 by putting this duty on th& 



treasurer's office, why can not Lynchburg save $5,000 
by doing the same. 

As a matter of fact the collector of taxes collects no 
taxes; he simply sits for the receipt of taxes, and re- 
ceives a good commission for that duty. 

Did you ever hear of a big railroad corporation pay- 
ing any officer three times as much as its treas- 
urer for simply acknowledging receipt of certain funds. 

Ans. — No. Railroad corporations are run on princi- 
ples of business economy and fitness. 

Why? — Ans. — Because they are managed by a re- 
sponsible executive head, whose duty it is to make the 
thing pay by exercising his common sense. GET THE 
IDEA? 

Well, if you do, why not vote accordingly at the 
next election and put in Councilmen who will look af- 
ter the interests of the majority instead of those who 
have a certain axe to grind. 

If the voter don't stop to study who he is voting for 
he is due three swift kicks from his own pedal extrem- 
ity. 

In our last number we charged a certain registrar 
with being unfit for office. He has since been arrested 
for arson, and is now. March 3, in the city jail. 

Will the other two unfit registrars kindly likewise 
'RAUS MIT, VAMOUS, skidoo, or join the bird gang, 
so that the board of electoral commissioners may be 
relieved of any disagreeableness in calling for their re- 
signations. 

6 



Lynchburg needs a change in the personnel of its 
councilmanic bodies. 

Lynchburg needs jfiovernment by commission. 

Lynchburg needs a new Mayor. 

Lynchburg needs a new Corporation Judge. 

Lynchburg needs a new Attorney. 

Lsmchburg needs three new registrars. 

Mayor Smith offers the information that Lynchburg 
will be kept dry — that he will see to it that the laws 
are enforced. 

The IDEA has this to say: 

You can't teach r\n old dog a new trick. A man 
can't easily go against his nature and inclination. The 
laws of nature make a stream which starts on this side 
of the mountain flow down this side, and one starting 
on the other side go down the other side. It would be 
a diflacult matter to make one rising on this side flow 
down the other side, or VICE VERSA, because the 
land IS SO INCLINED. 

Mayor Smith is INCLINED to do certain things, 
he's been in the habit of it, he was elected so to do. 
It's too good to be true that he is going to enforce the 
laws. 

The trouble is he wants to hold on to his job. 

But the citizens of Ljmchburg think that it is best 
to get a Mayor who is INCLINED to enforce all the 
laws all the time. 



"There is no joy in life equal to the joy of putting 
salt on the tail of an idea." — Hubbard. 



We understand that certain parties are saying among 
themselves that "it won't do to let that IDEA keep 
on at this rate. There is no telling who he'll be after 
next, ' ' and to the latter statement we remark, ' ' Amen, 
there's no telling who we'll be after next," except 
by those who are up to some rascality. They may 
know that THEY are next. The IDEA don't know. 
But the IDEA know? this. We are going all over the 
top of all mismanagement in public affairs in Lynch- 
burg, regardless of WHO'S NEXT. If you are wrong 
you can't right matters by working against the IDEA. 
It's up to YOU to get right, and the IDEA is here to 
try to scare you into getting right, or get the people 
to see to it that the right man has your job. 



PERSONAL. 

In its efforts to effectively eradicate public evils in 
Lynchburg the IDEA often finds it necessary to state 
facts in a manner v;^hich is not at all flattering to the 
persons involved. To those who have followed the 
work of the IDEA in the past, no comment on our po- 
sition is needed. 

Since, however, new readers are reached each month, 
we make the following brief statement: Nothing has 
been or will be inserted in the IDEA because of any 
personal animosities, nor for the sake of gaining sales 
by sensational writing. We have not and will not 
publish anything derogatory to any person unless such 
facts have to do with the public acts of public men, by 



the exposition of which the IDEA may render a public 
service. 

In our desire to conserve the public good, we are not 
tempted to be too harsh on anyone for any personal 
feelings whatever, for we have no feelings of animos- 
ity towards any one, however much any one may have 
sought to injure us. 

We do, however, find it exceedingly diflB.cult to deal 
harshly with those who have been recreant to their 
trusts, or who have dealt dishonestly with the public 
confidence, or squandered the public funds or unwisely 
handled public affairs. When, in running down any 
evil, we come upon the malefaction of one who is 
bound to us by the ties of personal acquaintance, it 
can be readily appreciated how difficult it is to ex- 
pose to the public gaze such wrong doing. 

We have resolved, however, that no personal con- 
sideration shall swerve us from our path of duty in 
treating friend and foe alike, so that it shall come to 
pass that Lynchburgers can make the proud boast that 
Lynchburg has the best city government in America, 
because no public official can feel safe in betraying a 
public trust. This is no pleasant or light task we 
have undertaken, but we believe that the good already 
accomplished has justified the course, and we confi- 
dently expect to be able to accomplish a very great 
and lasting benefit in the future, by persistent and 
careful effort, and the resultant feeling of satisfaction 
shall be our reward. 

9 



HANDS OFF, MR. LAZARUS. 

The rumor has been gaining current for several days 
past that Mr. Lazarus, whiskey dealer and Councilman, 
had proposed in a meeting of the Finance Committee 
that the tax rate in Lynchburg he raised ten cents on 
the hundred. 

We took the pains to look the matter up, and found 
that on a question of a small appropriation, Mr. Laz- 
arus had the audacity to do as represented above, in 
spite of the fact that the receipts of the city this year 
will be vastly more than last year, and the criminal 
expense will be less on account of less drunkenness, 
and consequently less crime resulting from drunken- 
ness. Altho' there is absolutely no need for it, still 
Mr. Lazarus is so anxious to get some ground for argu- 
ment against no-license that he is willing to levy an 
additional tax of something like $25,000 on the citi- 
zens of Lynchburg solely in the interests of the out- 
lawed liquor traffic, in which he is personally so ma- 
terially interested. 

This same Mr. Lazarus was so bold on a former oc- 
casion as to use his influence on this same City Coun- 
cil to get the barrooms represented on the police board. 
The people of Lynchburg should arouse themselves to 
the existing state of affairs, which might make them 
subject to unjust taxation in order to save the inter- 
ests of a nefarious business, and should not only say 
to Mr. Lazarus "hands off," but should at the very 
next opportunity remove such men from the Council, 
and should be so diligent in safeguarding their liber- 
ie 



ties that it will be impossible for any interests to ever 
again get their hands on the control of civil affairs in 
Lynchburg. Mr. Lazarus! Hands off! 



The foremost doctor in the State of Virginia is the 
author of this: 

' ' In my opinion whiskey causes more trouble than 
all other evils combined." 

The doctors ought to know. 



TO THE THINKING BUSINESS MEN OF LYNCH- 

BUKG. 

The sugestion was made by the IDEA two years 
ago, that, in order to have an economical business man- 
agement of affairs, we should adopt the government by 
commission method. It has been found that such in 
its best form is impossible under the present constitu- 
tion of Virginia. Now we want to ask Lynchburg 
business men one question: 

If the laws of the State hampered you seriously in 
any large private corporation so that it increased the 
operating expense and decreased the efficiency of man- 
agement, what would you do? 

Would not you simply write to your representative 
in the Senate or House and get him to try to have 
such laws corrected? 

Of course you wovild. 

11 



Now you are paying taxes into a vast corporation, 
which, while managed much better than most other 
corporations of like nature in the State, is still ham- 
pered by constitutional limitations to such an extent 
that money is wasted in unnecessary salaries, unwise 
management, irresponsible execution, and many other 
evils which tend to the complete demoralization of not 
only city government in Virginia, but private affairs 
and commercial relations as well. Now would it not be 
an easy matter for you to get together in your Board 
of Trade, or Retail Merchants' Association, or Civic 
League, or Business Men's League (?) and pass a sim- 
ple resolution calling on your duly constituted repre- 
sentatives in the Legislature to draft the necessary leg- 
islation to change the statutory or constitutional law 
to give the cities of Virginia the right to govern them- 
selves by commission. 



' • What the average citizen wants to know, and what 
he is entitled to know, is how the percentage of ex- 
pense in the different departments compare with that 
of similar departments in other cities." — Review of 
Reviews, January, 19':'9. 



On Monday, February 22, a car of the Lynchburg 
Traction and Light Company ran over and killed a 
little girl in Riyermont. The responsibility of this 
murder seems to be unquestionably with the Traction 

12 



Company, because they do not keep their fenders in 
the proper place. 

On the afternoon of the killing we measured the 
height of a fender from the ground and found that it 
was 141/2 inches from the pavement, which means 
about 18 V2 inches from the ties. Later on in the week 
we measured six other fenders, and found all except one 
to be higher than eighteen inches, running as high as 
twenty-five inches from the cross-ties, (and in the 
suburbs there is no pavement.) 

The average measurement was 20^/2 inches in the 
seven fenders examined, and all but the first one were 
measured as they successively arrived at the switch 
in front of the Carroll Hotel. 

This is positive proof to the average mind that the 
company's fenders will often act as a death trap rather 
than a life preserver. 

The lowest measured was 15 inches; now if the Trac- 
tion Company can run some fenders at 15 inches, why 
can it not run all that low? 

As a matter of f?r.t they should not be more than 
five inches high, so that they might pick a person up 
instead of knocking him down. 

The fender at the average height maintained will 
generally knock a MAN as well as a child down, and 
at the lower heights vill generally knock a child down. 
We understand that the Traction Company claims that 
if they put the fenders lower the fenders will be 
jammed up occasionally by striking the pavement. We 
would modestly suggest to the Traction Company that 

15 



the law was not made for the protection of the fender, 
but was made for the protection of the pedestrian. 
. It will be a blot on the fair name of Lynchburg if 
this foul murder is allowed to go unpunished. If it is 
true that a fender is Vurt by being placed where it will 
do what it was made for, then it is up to the company 
to put some little mechanical contrivance under the 
fender to keep it off from the ground. This has been 
done in other cities and can easily be done here. If the 
company regards the fender as of more value than hu- 
man life, why not put the fender on top of the car? 
There it would ride smoothly and easily and would not 
even be damaged oy occasionally striking a wagon. 



A friend suggests that if the city has any money left 
after they finish spending on the streets abutting on the 
residence property of Carter Glass he (the friend afore- 
said) would like to nave a modest walk put down on 
his block. 

* * 4> « * * 

Our attention is frequently called to the extrava- 
gant expenditures for improvements on streets which 
are already improved, while so many sections of town 
are entirely without much needed improvements. 

Appropriation was recently made for improving 
Tenth street between Church and Main, when this 
could easily wait, as it is fairly well fixed already, and 
the needed improvements when necessary can be made 

14 



without tearing up the present roadbed entirely, as has 
been ordered. 

Fine new pressed brick walks were not long since 
torn up on Floyd .street and replaced by granolithic 
walks. No private corporation would have contem- 
plated for a moment such rash extravagance of its 
own funds, and can any one suggest that a business 
manager elected by the people would have sanctioned 
so wasteful a scheme. 

And all the time that improved Floyd street was 
being reimproved the much traveled Poplar street and 
East Main street were, and still are, absolutely with- 
out the dire necessities from a sanitary as well as eco- 
nomical and convenient standpoint. The much traveled 
Taylor street is in the same fix. 

Besides this nearly all the cross streets in the heart 
of town, from about Clay up to Wise, are in gross need 
of repair, and have been for generations, and yet the 
city has funds to reimprove improved property and to 
build up favored suburbs. 

« iH * * « ♦ 

"Public intelligence in public affairs will result in 
an elevation of the efficiency of the service." Edito- 
rial, Review of Reviews. 

:>|i 4: 4: 4: 4i 4: 

Most other business organizations have been cutting 
down expenses in the last few months; they certainly 
are not attempting to increase their expenditures. 

The corporation of Lsmchburg appears to be raising 

15 



salaries just at a time when retrenchment is in order. 
(We are not discussing just now the question of the 
worth of particular officials. In times of general pros- 
perity some of these officers should receive more and 
some should receive less than their present salaries.) 

Especially should Lynchburg be careful in its ad- 
vancement of expenditures just at a time when an item 
of some $50,000 is deducted from the revenues of the 
city, 

■*: 9tc 4c )(( 4c 4: 

"Heaven has no kickers, hell has none else. That is 
the difference between Heaven and hell." — Hubbard. 

Earth is neither Heaven nor hell, therefore pass the 
football, — for a while. 

« * * 4> 4> * 

February 16, 1909. 

You and I often wonder exactly what becomes of all 
the city money, just exactly how it is spent. When we 
read in the papers of scandals in municipal affairs in 
other cities, we naturally want to know if it can be 
possible in our own good town. We know that Lynch- 
burg officials are men above suspicion, and we think 
that Lynchburg has a better corps of officers than any 
town in the State, in fact we are assured by some of 
the officers themselves that this is the case. 

And yet the big fact remains that none of us seems 
to KNOW anything about it. Now and then we at- 
tempt to find out. The editor of the IDEA has re- 
cently given some time to this most difficult task, and 

10 



recently we determined to get right down to rock bot- 
tom and KNOW where we were AT. We had confer- 
'nces with city officials, councilmen, etc., and were 
early always referred to the published reports of the 
city. You know the city publishes annually reports of 
most of the officers and committees. Well, we obtained 
the most recent "official reports of the city of Lynch- 
burg," a pamphlet of more than 200 pages, and began 
the long trail. In looking into the advisability of 
exchanging property with the Federal Government and 
of building a City Hall, we were anxious to find out 
what the city was paying in rents, so the treasurer's 
report was consulted. We were likewise anxious to 
ascertain the salaries of the various city officers, but 
were unable to find either of these simple questions an- 
swered in not only the treasurer's report, but in the 
whole book of 200 pages not a rent or a salary is given 
except a few in the single report of the city engineer, 
and he does not give all. 

In the treasurer's report an item of $3,498.77 is given 
as "expense of city officers." This we were informed 
included rents, so we went to the treasurer's office to 
get this amount itemized, but failed to get it, being 
referred to the Auditor, Mr. Otey, on whose order all 
checks were paid, and by whom all expenditures were 
directed to be charged to their various accounts. The 
Auditor could give us no information, so we applied to 
the treasurer's office again without avail, and then td 
the chairman of the Finance Committee of the Council, 
who redirected us to the Auditor, Mr. Otey, who gave 

17 



us this time from memory a PARTIAL LIST of the 
rents, but who said he could not give a detailed ac- 
count of the $3,493.77, as it would require him to go 
over all his accounts and would be a very big job. We 
again applied to the tieasurer's oflSice, where we found 
the treasurer, Mr. Adams, who was away on the two 
former visits, he has finally agreed to give us the total 
rent account itemized, as far as he can. We are to call 
for it. 

We have made nine calls, and consumed valuable 
time for five days past in an utterly fruitless attempt 
to get a very small bit of information. We expect to 
get this information in the next few days, but desire 
to emphasize the fact that it is a most difficult propo- 
sition for a private citizen to get any specific knowl- 
edge of city affairs under the present out-of-date sys- 
tem 6f running things. We very much doubt whether 
there is a citizen in Lynchburg who knows what the 
city is paying for rent, and yet we are discussing daily 
a question which must be very largely determined by 
this one consideration. 

In reference to salaries. The treasurer's report, IVa 
pages long, coverinK receipts and disbursements of 
$678,488.80 each, has this single item about salaries: 

"Salaries of city officials, $11,807.44." 

We have had almost as much trouble in getting this 
officially itemized as in the case of the expense account, 
and then we have found that this includes only about 
one-half of the city officers, the other salaries being 
entered in the treasurer's repwt, under the accounts of 

It 



the various Council committees, as * ' Committee on Wa- 
ter, $33,052.08." 

This includes the salary of Superintendent Randolph 
and Registrar Green and the other expenditures of that 
department. 

Therefore, if one desires to know the salaries of all 
officials he must see the various councilmanic commit- 
tees, and there are a^bout ten heads of departments thus 
to be accounted for. 

One would naturally look to the various annual re- 
ports of the committees or of the department heads for 
these figures, but in neither place can they be found. 

The reports of the Committees on Streets and Street 
Cleaning and Sewers occupy four pages, and the engi- 
neer's report occupies thirty-six pages, and yet salaries 
of the heads of this department are not itemized, and 
none of the other departments give the desired infor- 
mation about their special officials. 

Section 127 of the Code requires: 

' • Upon the last day of each month, or not more than 
three days prior thereto, the Auditor and Treasurer 
shall enter upon their books to the credit of each offi- 
cer of the city who receives a fixed salary, a sum equal 
to one-twelfth part of such salary, and such sum so 
credited may be paid to such officer by the Treasurer 
on the warrant of the Auditor, which shall be given 
without further order of the Council." 

It would thus appear that both Treasurer and Audi- 
tor should have a complete list of the salaried officers 

19 



of the city, together with their salaries, and yet -we 
are unable to get this list from either of them. 

The Treasurer showed ns his vouchers whereby he 
pays salaries, etc. 

He simply pays a salary or other warrant on order 
of the Auditor, without any question as to what the 
check is drawn for. All he keeps is the record of the 
general fund on which the warrant is made. Thus we 
see that the Treasurer issues checks without any knowl- 
edge as to what it is for, although the Code requires in 
Sec. 114: "Every check he shall draw shall be paya- 
ble to the order of the person for whose benefit it is 
drawn, and SHOW UPON ITS FACE THE PUBPOSE 
FOR WHICH DRAWN." 

Likewise the Auditor is required by law to draw all 
warrants on the Treasurer, "stating to whom payable, 
ON WHAT ACCOUNT, and the particular fund or ap- 
propriation from which the same is payable." And 
yet neither Treasurer's check nor Auditor's warrant 
shows this most important detail. 

If these laws were complied with there need be no 
trouble in finally ascertaining what the city pays its 
ofiicers. 

To return to the rent question, we finally found that 
of the $3,498, $1,7S0 is paid for the Krise Building 
offices annually, and $100.00 and $125.00 for two minor 
offices, and it appears that the rest is "expense of 
city offices, ' ' whatever that may mean. 

In the appropriation just made for 1909, the sum of 
$4,000.00, or $500.00 additional, is appropriated for 

20 



"Expense of city offices." When the Auditor was re- 
quested to give a reason why $500.00 more was appro- 
priated (he figures the appropriation list for the Coun- 
cil) he knew of no reason why additional money should 
be spent, there being no special need along this line 
this year. 

. Yet the appropriation has been made, and judging 
from the past, the city officers will have no trouble ii^ 
utilizing the whole of this fund. 

There seems to be a studied effort on the part of 
some people some where to increase appropriations 
where they are not needed, so that there will be no 
money left for the things which the city must have 
later on in the year, so that the city may be embar- 
rassed enough to warrant a suggestion to raise the tax 
rate and thus afford an opportunity of argument to 
license the saloon again. 

If such unnecessary expenditures are to be made this 
year besides salaries raised it will not take long to use 
up the increase in revenues which the city will get this 
year over last year. It strikes us that the ** Expense 
of city offices" and other appropriations should have 
been materially cut down this year so as to allow money 
for building additional schools for the children of the 
'city. 

This brings us to a very important consideration. 

We know of no time in the city's history when the 
school facilities were so taxed as at present. 

Children who should go to school in the morning are 
sent at 1 o'clock until 5, thus making the teacher and 

21 



the school room do double duty, and the poor scholar is 
made to study in the afternoon when it should be at 
rest or play, having tired himself out in the morning. 
Then, too, scholars are sent from Diamond Hill to 
West Lynchburg because of lack of facilities, and this 
vexing question is iiiaking some parents keep their 
children at home instead of giving them a much needed 
education. 

If we have to go without street improvements alto- 
gether we should guarantee the best educational fa- 
cilities to our children, and the best treatment to our 
self-sacrificing teachers. 



At this point it is in place to ask why the Auditor 
and Finance Committee have not seen fit to materially 
increase the School Board appropriation instead of ma- 
terially increasing certain other appropriations like 

Parks increased 50 per cent., from $5,000.00 to $7,500. 

Forestry increased 100 per cent., from $1,500.00 to 
$3,000.00. 

Expense of City Offices, leaving out rent, increased 
33 1-3 per cent., from $1,500.00 to $2,000.00. 

Expense of Printing and Advertising increased 33 1-3 
per cent., from $1,500.00 to $2,000.00. 

These and many other appropriations could easily 
have been cut down instead of increased, if it were 
necessary, in order to have some left for additional 
school funds. 

22 



We are at a loss to know what is done with this 
$1,500.00 anyway. It sounds like too much expense of 
city offices, especially when the city's office rent of the 
Krise Building includes fuel, and besides most of the 
departments include office expenses in their reports as 
paid for out of their funds; Mr. Shaner has in his re- 
port: 

Supplies for City Engineer's office, .$358.98 

Miscellaneous Supplies 490.61 

Desk and partition Engineer's Office 92.75 

Filing Cabinet Units 42.00 

So it will he seen that departments have office ex- 
penses besides this $3,500.00 general fund, the details 
of which we are unable to get, then, too, there is a 
fund for printing and advertising increased another 
33 1-3 per cent., from $1,500.00 last year to $2,000.00 
this year, so that the expense of city offices' account 
does not include this printing. 

We are unable to get from any city officer an item- 
ized account of this $1,500.00 of expense of city of&ces 
in the $3,500.00 appropriation for the last year. 

The Treasurer does not have the information, nor 
does the Auditor have it in tangible form. In our ex- 
amination into affairs of this kind we are astounded 
at the lack of business methods in all the city's af- 
fairs. The Treasurer is supposed to direct the city's 
expenditures, and the Auditor is supposed to be a 
check on him, but sa a matter of fact the Treasurer is 
practically a clerk jf the Auditor in such matters, and 
all he appears to do with the expenditure is to sign 

23 



checks, (which are made on the back of the Auditor's 
warrant), and he does not even inquire what the check 
is drawn for; he pays it without question, although the 
law contemplates that he shall know what he is doing. 

Whatever the Auditor orders is done without further 
question by any one; this, of course puts too much 
power and responsibility in the hands of one man, and 
is provided against by the Code. We cite this primar- 
ily to show what must necessarily come about under an 
ancient system of government, where there is in fact 
no individual direct responsibility to the people. While 
these things may be helped, the only CURE for the 
present evils of city government in America is a change 
in the system, and the change which has been tried ^ 
here in Virginia at Staunton and Norfolk, and in many 
Texas towns, starting at Galveston and in several 
towns in the West, namely, government by commission, 
has proven a wonderful success. The business manager 
for Staunton in his quarterly report for January, pub- 
lished in the daily papers of Staunton, shows a won- 
derful reduction in expenditures. 

In that report Mr. Ashburner says: 

' ' I would like to call your attention to the large re- 
duction in the operating expenses of the various depart- 
ments of the city government." 

This form is the natural common sense business 
method of doing things everywhere. Have a responsi- 
ble paid officer at the head who shall be held account- 
able for all departments, instead of dividing that re- 
sponsibility up among fifteen busy men, or worse still, 

24 



now under the new constitution twenty-four men, who 
have other things to attend to and cannot afford to give 
their time to a careful supervision of city affairs, for 
no pay whatever unless they descend so low as to value 
such positions because of the favors which obtain in 
the way of mutual tickling in street improvements 
along their own properties. We do not have to charge 
that such has beeii done in Lynchburg. Every one 
here knows that it has been done. Fortunately, how- 
ever, conditions are improving. Better men are being 
elected, in the First Ward in particular. Though in 
the Third Ward Mr. Jenning's defeat was accomplished 
by the saloon element in the election of Mr. Turner 
because the baser element found that Mr. Jennings was 
too much of a gentleman to let , them run over the 
rights of the citizens. 

Mr. Jennings is dry, and his ward has a large ma- 
jority dry, but the better elements were taken by sur- 
prise by the secret workings of the saloon men, and 
did not realize what was being done until too late to 
get out the better voters. So the whole question comes 
back to diligence jn the part of the voter in looking 
after such things for himself instead of letting matters 
slide along in the ruts of the worn-out past. 



''Men of bleached soul and spotless character are 
most happy when most observed." — Hashimura Togo.. 
We commend the above lines from a recent issue of 

25 



Collier's, to any who may be inclined to take offense 
at the OBSERVATIONS of the IDEA. 



Another question for the Council: 

Where do you figure the additional expense of $500.00 
for printing? Also why is it necessary to appropriate 
a double amount for jurors* claim? A raise from 
$500.00 to $1000.00. ' Likewise chain gang? Will there 
not he less expense under no license? 

The city can well afford to be economical in the ex- 
penditure for luxuries like parks and parkings and for- 
estry when it comes to a question of training the youth 
of the city. 

A large property holder and business man of various 
experience in construction work and the employment 
of men has called our attention to the difference in 
management of labor and expenditures by the city and 
by individuals. He estimates that Lynchburg could 
save one-fourth by having a man to manage affairs for 
the city like a big contractor would manage his af- 
fairs. 

****** 

When a railroad company wants a thing done, after 
the work has been decided upon by the stockholders, 
the whole thing is turned over to the executive head of 
the company, and he sees that it is done, and he is held 
responsible for its doing. Why should not the people 
manage their affairs just as economically and well. 

Why should they turn their affairs over to irrespon- 

20 



sible committees and worn out system of department 
management when better and more business-like and 
economical means are at their command. 

No private corporation in America would think of 
using the business methods that cities use. 

GUESS. 

Lynchburg people should be grateful to Mr. C. S. 
Reams for entering the field of popular amusement in 
opening the "Musu," next to the furniture house 
of Reams & Company, for, be it understood, this is no 
ordinary vaudeville play-house, but an up-to-date, clean, 
refined moving picture and instrumental music house 
only, and is run under the supervision of the Van Dyke 
League, every picture being sanctioned by them before 
being thrown upon the canvass. 

Let the good people of Lynchburg patronize this 
worthy object, and while they are being delighted with 
the "Musu" orchestra and high class pictures they can 
at the same time feel that they are helping in the 
worthy cause of the Van Dyke League, to whom will 
go a part of the proceeds. Guess where the name 
"Musu" came from. 



Let the Council now put a prohibitive license on 
''mead" and other near beers, as the only difference 
between this and sho-nuff beer is that it takes just a 
little more money to make the victim drunk, 

27 



THE JUDGES' DECISION IS RIGHT. 

He says: I can truly say that "CONQUERINE" 
has no equal as a DYSPEPSIA remedy. I have used 
many other remedies for several years. A friend re- 
commended "CONQUERINE" to me, and I am glad 
to say I have had better health all the time since. I 
find it not only very valuable for DYSPEPSIA, but 
for other stomach troubles as well. 
Yours very truly, 

B. F. CAMPBELL, Emory, Va. 
THE CONQUERINE CO., 

Lynchburg, Va., Feb, 18, 1909. 

Conquerine is sold by druggists and dealers every- 
where. Price, 25 cents and .50 cents per bottle. 

Every bottle, small or large, is guaranteed. 



A policeman the other day said that 95 per cent, of 
the arrests he made were caused by drink. 



In the next number we will get down to details and 
show itemized accounts of extravagance of city funds. 
For instance we will show how the city spent $3,622.00 
for painting the Rivermont bridge, though the contract 
price formerly for the same job was only $750,00, and 
we understand that the paint and supplies cost about 
$200 more. Be sure and follow up this subject. 

28 



Cl)e Hobbte Companp 

Insist that their line of pianos is the best 
in Lynchburg. Any well informe'd per- 
son will back this statement. The 
CbiChCriltCJ piano sells higher than 
others there s a reason. Investigate 
FULLY and you '11 buy one from us. 
Call and w^e 11 " show^ " you. Upright 
pianos $185 to $800. Easy payments. 



W. P. LEE, Manager 810 Church Street 



CtDO Secrets 

Is your light bill heavy ; and is it some months much 
more than you think is right? 

Well, did yoii ever lliink how iiuich you would save by ii.sin^- 
gasoline or hiiyiiiy your oil from us? Did you know that a 
"■jihouc uu'ssagc would bring you a gallon ol" oil (Voui us i.mmk- 
DiATKi.v? Tiiiu' is money, you know. Supjjose you 'phone 4-6-1 
to-day. Try our I>u.stless Floor Oil, Now we've told you what 
and now. 

Home Oil and Gasoline Company 

1017 MILLER STREET 



-H) 



S. B. BENNINGTON 

General 
Contractor 

Cement and Granolithic Work 
and Brid Paving 



OFFICE: Fifth and Main Streets 
•PHONE 1629 

:;<i 



1 ake a r eep! 



HERHAPS you have never been in 
our large new store on 12th Street. 
We have not only an excellent line of 
up-to-date furniture, with prices to suit 
anyone, but -we are headquarters for 
mattings, rugs and carpets as well, and it 
w^ill give us pleasure to number you 
among our host of satisfied customers. 
We would call especial attention to our 
low^ prices, even on a basis of credit. 



Blankenship Furniture Co. 

INCORPORATED 

314.316-318 12th Street, LYNCflBURQ, VIBGINIA 




\/'OU just ought to see our new 
■'• Spring line of 

IVall Paper Samples 

We can please the most fastidious 
Phone 165 

S. A. Smith 

Paperhanger 
627 Main Street, Corner of 7th 



For Bargains in Homes 

^A^ Or Investments in ^^^ 
I '^ City or in Country p\ 

GO TO 

International Farm Agency 

900 MAIN STREET 



The La-* 



Amt d. 



tf^ f^ 



^nv ''%m 



The ^ Idea 



A SIGN OF THE TIMES 



Vol. If March, 1909 No. 3 




EING SOME SERMONETTES 



r. VA, 
. UP FOR THE 



ANYWHEN 


AS THE '^ 


ANYHOW 
ANYWHE.RE. 


SPIRIT ^ 
MOVE.S 



Copyright, 1906, by Adon A. YODER, Editor CBb Publisher 



WANTED 



In Lynchburg, Va., a Live Newspaper. 

The goodly folk of the aforesaid town would 

be tickled-to-death if some wide-awake 

newspaper that would publish all Ihe . 

news all the time should make its 

appearance in their midst. The 

best location in Virginia and 

absolutely no competition. 

Gee ! What a cinch ! 



Call 2=4=8 for 

The Reliable Plumber 

T. C. MOSELE Y 

619 Main Street 
Agent for 

Lindsay Incandescent Gas Lights 



TIME IS MONEY 



Keep your TIME-PIECE right. We are 

expert repairers and dealers in Watches, 

Diamonds and Jewelry. Just let us show 

you our up-to-date stock. 



J. W. WILKINS & CO. 

' 921 MAIN STREET 



"To Sleep: Perchance to Dream" 

How Blissful on a Bed from 

REAMS' 



Spring's coming! and with it the cooing 
of babies out of doors. That means 



Go -Carts 



And to keep babies' milk cool and fresh 

in doors one should have a WHITE 

MOUNTAIN REFRIGERATOR— 

"the chest with a chill in it." We 

are large dealers and this is 

the season to buy. 



Reams & Company 

618-620 Main Street 



Try It On Your Cow 

T]\(' International Sugar Feed is proving 
a witiulorful success in iiicreasinjj^ tiu' milk 

j)ri(1iifti(>n (if (•(uv>j ^Vo are a,<_''<'itt-: for it. 

Bailey- Pleasants Co. 

Wholesale Dealers in Flour, Hay, Grain, Mill 
Feed, Seeds and Produce 

705 MAIN STREET, LYNCHBURG, VA. 



Wisdom % Folly 



BUTTS, Satisfaction, Ki^^hth Street, Quality; 
BUTTS, Care, Shanijun*, Cleanliness, Eighth Street, 
White, Politeness; BUTTS, Neatness, Pleasure, 
Shaving, Sanitary; BUTTS, ten-minutes-ready 
Paths; Towels, Clean, Sweet, Fresh; BUTTS, Hot 
Water, Gas Heated, Service, Politeness; BUTTS, 
Quickness, Neatness, Comfort; BUTTS, IMassage, 
Sho(^ Shine; BUTTS, Eighth St.. Church and Main. 
Barber, Head Work; BUTTS Work; Call Again. 

E. L. BUTTS, PropV, 206 Eighth St. 




Just opened: The NeXD 



Mon 



arc 



Corner Main and Seventh 

Finest Equipment in State 
SEVEN Latest Improved 

Bowling Alleys 

Special Jilleys for Ladies 

ENTRANCE ON SEVENTH 

Everything New Healthful Exercise 



*• ^Qgltiern Brands Satisfy" 




A Lynchburg Brand 
Carbon Paper and 
Tj'pewriter Ribbon 



Try this Brand 
'Phone 253 



FERp 

/■Results. 

nCo. Wni.R. Wright 



Sales Manager 
812 Church Street 



The ^ Idea 

ADON A. YODER. Editor and Publisher 
GOTTEN OUT Al LYNCHBURG, VA, 

Vol. II. MARCH, 1909 No. 3 



Rudyard Kipling says that the reason the Anglo- 
Saxon is the foremost factor in the civilization of the 
world is that he is a horn kicker, he is never satisfied 
with anything but the best. Lynchburgers ought to 
kick until they get the best government in the United 
States. " 

It is the part of a slave to take everything as it 
comes without questioning. It is the part of free men 
to insist on the very best. ARE YOU A SLAVE, OR 
WILL YOU KICK. Next. 



Mr. Raymond L. Bridgeman, in the Atlantic Month- 
ly for December, in discussing municipal government, 
says: 

"City government, besides being the greatest prob- 
lem of the times, is the greatest political evil in the 
United States." 



"Publicity will play the detective upon every dis- 
honest and ineflacient department head." When we 
get through making public the present management of 
city affairs the people of Lynchburg can be relied on 
to apply the remedy. 

The Kichmond Times-Dispatch, in commenting on 
the annual message of Mayor Richardson, of that city, 
states that "a well-known business man" in talking 
about "the fact that it takes $2,500,000 to run the 
city for the year, said yesterday that he would under- 
take the job at $2,000,000, make more permanent im- 
provements than ever made out of current revenue in 
one year, and grow rich out of the profits," and no- 
body in Richmond jumped on the Times-Dispatch for 
it, or thought that the paper had grown radical, and 
yet if the Lynchburg News or Advance should have 
published a similar statement the change from their 
permanent policy would have been so remarkable that 
citizens would have known immediately that Mr. Glass 
was dead, for Mr. Glass is too conservative to ever 
permit to be published in his papers what is consid- 
ered the office of papers in other towns to publish, and 
Lynchburgers have been so used to Mr. Glass's policy 
of silence on city government affairs that many think 
that the IDEA, in its present work of turning on the 
light is radical, when as a matter of fact we citizens 
are just calmly and quietly talking among ourselves 
about our own financial affairs at a time when things 
are so poorly managed that to be radical would cer- 
tainly be justifiable. 

6 



If you want to hear radical language used in con- 
nection with such affairs, just ask any thoughtful 
Lynchburg tax-payer, who is not on the inside, if he 
thinks Lynchburg funds are wisely spent, or if he 
thinks that the Lynchburg papers by suppressing news 
are responsible for the present state of affairs, and we 
will guarantee that if such person ever CUSSED he'll 
cuss then, or else he'll grin at you in amazement that 
you should ask such a question. The quotation above 
is from a two-column article in the Dispatch headed in 
large type, "MAYOR TO STRIKE FOR FEWER SAL- 
ARY GRABS." Not only would Lynchburgers be as- 
tounded at Mr. Glass' papers publishing such things, 
but they would be doubly astounded if Mayor Smith 
ever took it on hirriself to kick against anything that 
the Council or any city oflB.cer ever did. 

Can you conceive of a private corporation that em- 
ployed a large and varied class of men that did not 
now and then find that something was going wrong in 
some department? and remember that private corpo- 
rations are more careful, too, in safeguarding them- 
selves against the initial employment of its forces. 
Yet Mayor Smith tells us every year that everything 
is just getting on fine, when as a matter of fact mu- 
nicipal affairs in Lynchburg are in a mess. 

In his annual message, the Mayor says: **I find 
that the several departments are being efficiently and 
honestly administered, by earnest and thoroughly 
capable men, and who are discharging their several du- 



ties with an eye single to the interests and welfare of 
the city. 

WE FIND, AFTER EXAMINING INTO THE 
CITY'S FINANCIAL AFFAIRS, that they are not 
efficiently administered, and that NOT in every in- 
stance are the officials discharging their several duties 
with an eye single to the interests and welfare of the 
city. 

The IDEA has been contending since it first began 
its work more than two years ago for a change in the 
plan of city government. We have written to Galves- 
ton and other places where the plan has been tried, 
and in a subsequent number we will discuss the sev- 
eral features of such forms of municipal administra- 
tion. 

The annual reports of the city for the year ending 
February, 1909, will be out soon, and we expect to 
have something to say about them in our next num- 
ber. 

In the mean time, while the question of government 
by commission is pending settlement, let the Council 
look to certain improvements. 

Let the Council first call on the Mayor to obey the 
law, which requires in the very first section of the 
legislative enactments concerning his duties, viz.: Sec. 
1033, on page xivi of the City Code of 1905, that tho 
Mayor ' ' shall be the chief executive officer of the city, 
and shall take care that the by-laws and ordinances^ 
thereof are fully executed." This is the first and 
greatest commandment, and the other duties, such as 

8 



presiding orer the police court, are very minor affairs, 
and should not take all the time of the chief presiding 
oflacer of a two million dollar corporation. 

We can conceive of nothing but the calibre of a 
Mayor himself which would elevate these little duties 
into a position of such prominence as to make it appear 
that his main duty is to preside over a degrading po- 
lice court. 

We might go back further still. The very constitu- 
tion of the State itself in formulating city govern- 
ment has nothing to say whatever about the Mayor as 
a police court judge, but in its very first clause re- 
ferring to Mayors, says: 

"The Mayor shall see that the duties of the vari- 
ous city officers — whether elected or appointed — are 
faithfully performed," and it then proceeds to give 
him the power to carry out his duty by requiring him 
to "investigate their acts," "have access to all books 
and documents in their offices, and may examine them 
and their subordinates under oath." *^He shall also 
have power to suspend and remove such officers." 

Remember this is in the constitution itself, Article 
VIII., Sec. 117, page XXVIII of the City Code of 1905. 

Just suppose the Mayor should undertake to be a 
real Mayor, and were equal to the task, why, we'd 
have such a complete revolution in city affairs that in 
a years' time Lynchburg would not know itself in a 
looking glass, especially if he should begin at the top 
and remove himself from office "for neglect of duty," 
(sic.) because he has neither been following out the 



letter or spirit of the constitution. 

Second. Let the Council EEQUIBE all standing 
committees to report annually, and the auditor to have 
same published, together with all officers' reports as 

per the code. Sec. 30, Clause (33), page 19. 

At present it is impossible for a citizen to get tan- 
gible information from the "reports of city officers," 
for the reason that many of them do not make any 
published annual report. 

The collector of city taxes makes no report whatever, 
though he handles nearly all of the funds of the city. 

The City Sergeant makes no report. 

The Commonwealth's Attorney makes no report. 

The clerk of the Corporation Court makes no re- 
port, and the CommiTsioner of Revenue makes only a 
partial report. Although the Code requires "all stand- 
ing committees of the Council to make written reports 
of their proceedings, which shall be annually published 
with the reports of the officers of the city," still 
many such committees make no public report. 

The first and most important of all such Council 
committees makes no report. "The Finance Commit- 
tee," likewise the "Committee of Public Institutions 
and Charities" makes no report. These are two of the 
most important committees having anything to do with 
the city expenditures. 

This latter committee authorizes the expenditure for 
public schools. Home and Retreat, Van Dyke League, 
and Florence Crittenden Home. 

Let the Council require the treasurer to report in 

10 



detail the receipts and expenditures of his office month- 
ly, the same to be published in the daily papers, such 
report to show to whom each check was payable, and 
for what specific purpose. The law at present requires 
"a full and detailed account of all receipts and ex- 
penditures during the year" in his annual report, but 
the yearly report does not give expenditures in detail 
at all. It is impossible to tell what total is spent for 
salaries, for instance, and does not tell what salaries 
each officer has receive.d. So much detail at least 
should be given. 

Likewise the Auditor is required to give annually ' *a 
full and detailed account," but his report is no better 
than the treasurer's. 

At present it is impossible to know not only from 
treasurer's and auditor's reports, but from any reports 
of the city where the money goes, and for what pur- 
poses. 

We have before us the Daily Progress, of Charlottes- 
ville, for February 13th, 1909,- which contains an item- 
ized report of the Auditor for the month of January. 
It reads in the following manner: 

SALAEIES. 

E. G. Haden, January Salary $ 50.00 

W. S. B., January Salary 33.00 

S. B. S., January Salary 100.00 

And so on through the salary account. Next, 

n 



POLICE. 

(Treated in tlie same way.) Next, 

GAS. 

Va. Iron, Coal & Coke Co. Coal $388.80 

etc., showing who the check was paid to, and what 
for, and what amount, and the other heads are treated 
in the same way, water, streets, sewers, fire, ceme- 
teries, light, sinking fund, interest, incidentals, and 
so forth. Every check is given and a DETAILED re- 
port is made. 

Let the Council direct that the citizens may have 
the opportunity of knowing where the money goes, and 
what for. 

In all the more than 200 pages of reports of city 
officials for 1908 there is not a single detailed report, 
not even for the small funds where a detailed report 
would be a very easy matter. Perhaps the most de- 
tailed report is that of the chief of the Fire Depart- 
ment. It certainly is the best arranged of all, and 
yet it is not detailed as to what the money is spent 
for at all. 

We give a few items from the report for the month 
of January: 
1907. 

Feb. 15. To Pay Roll $2,379.89 

Feb. 15. To Thomhill Wagon Co 1.00 

Feb. 15. To Doherty & Casey 1.05 

12 



Feb. 15. 

Feb. 15. To Lynchburg Trac. & Light Co 74.00 

Feb. 15. To Adams Bros.-Payne Co 92.72 

Feb. 15. To C. H. S. Snead & Bro 2.95 

Total 

Thus in the payroll the amount of $2,378.89 is not 
itemized. Likewise you cannot tell what the Fire De- 
partment paid Adams Bros.-Paynes Co $92.00 for, nor 
the Traction Company $74.00. 

The City Engineer gives a report in which the pay 
roll for February is bunched under one head as fol- 
lows: 

To H. L. Shaner, Pay Roll, $534.50, and the other 
amounts are not detailed at all as to what they are for. 

The following extracts from the Gravity Water sup- 
ply account will be of service. Let's take a part of 
the March account, 1907. (The 1908 book will not be 
out until after we go to press) : 

March 13, W. L. Kent, City Electrician $43.50 

E. E. Bowen. 12.00 

Palace Livery Company 57.00 

J. A. Wilkins Printing Co 2.25 

Jas Barnard 6.55 

H. L. Shaner, C. E. salary 83.33 

Shirley Brightwell 50.00 

H. L. Shaner, Pay Roll 534.00 

C. G. Williams, Contractor, est 847.00 

Queen & Co., Inc 81.15 

13 



M. D. Ray & Son 6.50 

P. B. Winfree, R. E 250.00 

A. D. Watts, Dep. Treas 61.71 



The salary of H. L. Shaner, C. E., above $83.33 is 
the extra salary per month allowed while in charge of 
the Gravity system. 

Again turning to the engineering department we find 
under Street Department 

PAVEMENTS. 

Clay Street, between Thirteenth and Washington. 

Contract $3,043.71 

Work done by City 161.42 

Engineering and inspection. . . . 186.51 

$3,391.64 

Clay Street, Fifth and Sixth: 

Contract $2,784.37 

Work done by City 150.25 

Engineering and inspection .... 176.08 

— $3,110.70 

Thus we find through the whole report on paving 
never an itemized account of "work done by city," 
nor of '^engineering and inspection." Now it is well 
enough for the city to know just what each piece of 
work done finally cost when completed, but when you 
want to know just where the money went for engi- 
neering and inspection a detailed salary account ought 
to be forthcoming. 

14 



In checking over this report we found that the 
"work done by city," items varied very largely with 
the different jobs, but the "engineering and inspec- 
tion" account appeared to vary in direct proportion 
to the money spent on the whole job, and we found 
that in each instance the charge "engineering and 
inspection" was exactly 6 per cent, of the cost of the 
rest of the work, so that we have the remarkable state- 
ment that in every instance the "engineering and in- 
spection" cost six per cent, of the actual contract and 
city work combined. Can it be that engineering on a 
steep hillside in Lynchburg always costs the same as 
on a perfectly level street, or rather after all is not 
this whole city engineer's report on paving an estimate, 
and as an estimate may be valuable, but as an engi- 
neer's financial report is worth less than the paper it 
is printed on, for it can not be a complete estimate 
even, for the head engineer's salary does not come 
through this department at all. We are thus forced to 
the startling conclusion that the published reports of 
officers of the city are a farce. In almost every place 
salary accounts are concealed, and other details are so 
obscured that no definite valuable information about 
any city affairs can be gotten. Some of the city offi- 
cers evidently do not know anything about making off 
accounts. In fact the report of the superintendent of 
the Alms House is the only detailed report that any 
competent bookkeeper would permit himself to hand 
in to a superior. 

Many of them could easily be summed up in these 

15 



words: "We got our appropriation and spent it all," 
"aud then some," or "but six dollars." 

Take the report of the city electrician. After show- 
ing appropriations of $1,700.00 he itemizes his receipts 
from this appropriation account as to months as fol- 
lows: 

1907, February. Eec'd from City Auditor $ 99.03 

Etc., for each month 

Total $1,693.98 

Balance unexpended 6.02 

Total $1,700.00 

Then on debit side we have: 

1907, February Pay Roll $ 99.03 

Etc., for each month 

(Exactly the same figures being tised for each 

month as in the receipts 

Total $1,693.98 

Balance unexpended 6.02 

Total $1,700.00 

Now is not that a beautiful report. Why, its ex- 
tremely lovely. 

The credits and debits are exactly alike, and MIRA- 
BILE DICTU, they total up exactly the same. But 
why does he put down "pay roll" each month. In this 

16 



minor department surely there is no one to pay but , ; 
himself, and then where do the other expenses of his.' /' 
department come in, he seems to call it all "pay roll," *■-, ■ 
and let it go at that. "^• 

n the City Electrician had simply said I spent $1,- ; J' 
693.98 you and I would know just as much about it' 
as we do now. Besides hife salaiy included in this apr ; 
propriation, we ;4nd; that the City Engineer paid to 
W. L. Kent, electrician,./each month of the year sums 
varying from' $17.66 to ^117.00. Can it be that two de- 
partments of the.s.ai?ie|icity goyetnment are paying the 
same man for.hi^ itinie?, . •, 

Now we take- it;. fchatyit is not necessary to comment 
much on theisethfAgy,' for it does not take a wise man 
to see that it w^^^^d one wise salaried man at the 
head of affairs who was directly responsible to the 
people, very much money could be saved to the city*. 
We might have used other reports and found exactly 
the same conclusions,, but we took the electricians' 
only because it was brief. 

The financial part of the report of the Board of / / 
Health is summed up in these lines, worthy of a Caesar. , 
for their brevity: 

"I have collected and paid to the city treasurer ,'., ; 
$1,052.95, all of which was collected from pay patients 
except about $12.00. fumigation fees.' ' 

In referring to the Treasurer's report, we do not 
find this item, np;: can we find under what head it can 
be included, but. W:e mention it to show how "fully 
detailed" the Treasurcir's report is. 

' •• '■'>'■ 17 



DO YOU 

want ttv know ^vhere you can get the very l)est 
SHOES in the world at a very low price? Well, 
yon know Lynchburg is a great shoe centre and we 
have arrange«ient with the big shoe houses to buy 
their larg^ lines oS AMPLE SHOES at a very low 
price, and we can save you all kinds of money and 
give .you quality and style and service as well. 
And, Jrou will find, too, that you can get DRY 
GOODS AND NOTIONS CHEAPER from us than 
elsewhere. 'Pbone 421. Cor. Eleventh and Main 

Will White Dry Goods Co. 



Four Reasons! 

I. Permanent foim (magazines are not thrown 
. away). 
2,' Two color type. 

3. Limited space (if the space were unlimited 
it would -not be w^orth as much to you); 
and lastly, 

4. Idea Ads are gotten up right. 

These are the four reasons why it pays to 
advertise with us. Ask for rates. 

Telephone 2362 

18 



^^-^ 


''Cute'' 


^r ORBITT'S 1 


Photo Co. 


^m UTE 


JAS. S. CORBITT. Prop. 


^M UTS 


- 


^1 ATCH 




M OLLEGE i 


STUDIOS 


^L O-EDS. A 


9I3>^ Main Street, 
Lynchburg, Va. 


^— ^ 


Over Lyric Theatre, 
Charlottesville, Va. 



SAVE MONEY 

By having your Carpets, Rugs, Druggets, 

Lace Curtains and Wall Paper cleaned as 

good as new, by 

C. R. URQUHART 

He has eighteen years' experience in the business 
and uses the best material on record for 
all grades of carpets. 

Shop : 1110 Eighth St., bet. Monroe and Taylor 

Telephone No. 684 Lynchburg^, Virginia 



U) 



S. B. BENNINGTON 

General 
Contractor 

Cement and Granolithic Work 
and Bricic Paving 



OFFICE: Fifth and Main Streets 
'PHONE 1629 

2(1 



Will one of these officers kindly explain. 

In the Mayor's annual message he states that he has 
paid over to the City Treasurer $10,506.13 of fines. 
The Chief of Police reports as his sole financial report 
of the year: 

Amount of fines collected $11,008.05 

The Treasurer's report has this item under receipts: 
Mayor for fines $10,440.80 

Such discrepancies should not occur in the manage- 
ment of city affairs. We do not pretend to explain 
these differences of several hundred dollars, but men- 
tion them to show the extreme laxity of the present 
system. 

Not only are most all the city reports in a bad con- 
dition, but the very code itself under which the city is 
run is incomplete as far as the book of that name is 
concerned. 

The Charter of the city requires that the salary of 
the Mayor "shall be fixed by the ordinances of the 
city." Now it is evident that the Council fixed the 
salary of the Mayor, and yet the published ordinances 
do not contain any mention of this fact. We wonder 
if Messrs. Minor & Harper were instructed to omit 
such ordinances from the Code when they codified the 
laws in 1905. 

All salaries of purely city officials are determined 
by order of the Council, and yet the whole Code has 
been searched through, and we have been able to find 
only one salary mentioned therein, and that is the 
salary of the president of the Board of Health, which 

21 



seems to somehow have gotten in by mistake. 

You can find out from the State Code what salaries 
State officers get, and there never has been any trouble 
in finding what salaries United States officials get. 
But Lynchburg is such a CLOSE corporation that 
neither its Code nor its official reports mention the 
salaries of "municipal officers." 

The laws ought to be so codified as to embrace all 
the ordinances, and none ought to be omitted because 
city officials may not care to have it known what they 
get. 

Now there ought to be a committee of the Council 
to look after the affairs of the Corporation Court, and 
the clerk ought to report the expenditures of this de- 
partment. 

The only reference in the 200 pages of city reports 
to this big item of expense is in the Treasurer's re- 
port. 

Expense of Corporation Court, $8,657.46, and the 
Treasurer himself cannot itemize this account. 

In the last nvunber we mentioned the cost of paint- 
ing Rivermont bridge. 

When we discovered in the city reports this item, 
Painting Rivermont Bridge, $3,622.45, we thought 
that that sounded too much, so we went to a former 
city engineer and asked him what it cost when painted 
by him, and he did not know from memory, but thought 
it cost about $800 or $1,000, so we inquired further 
from others and found that the contract price was 
$750.00, and paint and material furnished by the city 

22 



made the total cost approximately $1,000, certainly not 
much more than this amount. We find that the specifi- 
cations called for better paint this time, but that does 
not begin to account for the difference of about $2,500, 
and surely contractors would not want $2,500 more in 
1907 than about ten years prior to 1907, and the funny 
part is that here it is nearly two years after the work 
is done before the people know that theiihing has cost 
so much. We are informed that the Council Street 
Committee will this year have a detailed monthly re- 
port of the expenditures of the City Engineer, and the 
wonder comes why has not this been done formerly, 
and why has not this been published monthly in the 
daily papers. Is not this the public's business, and 
is there any better way to inform the public than by 
publishing in the newspapers. Other towns require 
this. Why has not Lynchburg dbne it? 

Now it would seem to be in order for the City Coun- 
cil to have published a detailed statement of the ex- 
penditures of this $3,622.45 so that the people may 
know where the leak is. 

We would call especial attention to the fact that a 
former Council dispensed with the services of Mr. 
De Mott, City Engineer, just on account of his dili- 
gence in looking after the interests of the tax-payers. 
We mention this to show that a Council from its very 
nature is not fit to look after the administration of 
city affairs. Our present form of government is a fail- 
ure, both with good Councilmen and bad Councilmen. 
Now what are you going to do about it? If the people 

23 



of Lynchburg will follow the IDEA as it tells how 
other cities that like Lynchburg were heavily in debt, 
have so changed their form of governing as to have 
money to loan in a very few years, and if you will then 
help to bring about such a change and help the IDEA 
to elect good, clean men to run things, then, and not 
till then, will the IDEA cease to kick against the pres- 
ent kind of extravagant expenditures for the city. The 
very idea of wealthy Lynchburg going in debt on run- 
ning expenses, while other towns are being cleanly 
and honestly managed and are making money. Now 
ain't you ashamed of yourselves. 



THE IDEA CONTENDS FOE— 
A new Mayor. 
A new Corporation Judge. 
A new Commonwealth's Attorney. 
Three new registrars. 
Several new Councilmen. 
Government by Commission, or 
A Business Manager. 



Don't fail to read the ads, you'll find them interest- 
ing. 

Get back numbers of the IDEA from Shepherd's, 
comer Ninth and Main. 

The IDEA is the best advertising mediimi in the 
town. 

24 



The Council has money to raise salaries of city offi- 
cers, yet the citizens of the annexed territory are en- 
tirely neglected in the "weekly ministrations" of the 
garhage wagons, presumably because the city can't 
afford to look after their interests. The city can lay 
a mile or so of costly granolithic pavement in River- 
mont, where there is not a sign of a house to justify 
it, and yet it can not afford to look after the health 
of citizens in the thickly settled portions of the city 
this side of Miller Park. The trouble seems to be that 
none of the Councilmen happen to hail from this an- 
nexed territory, nor do these people happen to have a 
pull with the powers that be. 



The more we look into that piece of rascality where- 
by the city of Lynchburg very foolhardily agreed to 
Spend a few barrels of money on walks out in the coun- 
try towards the Blue Ridge Mountains, the more dis- 
gusted we get with the present form of management 
of city affairs. Just think of it, tax-payers in Lynch- 
burg who can't even get a curb stone in front of their 
property which has been paying money into the cor- 
poration for tens of years are paying for fine walks 
out in Eivermont along property which had paid no 
tax to the city, and for years to come will pay only a 
small city tax, and yet when election day comes some 
of these same duped tax-payers will vote again for 
the men who duped them. Just as long as the voter 
won't take time to look into his own government, just 



as long as he says by his actions, "I won't take any 
part in city government, except now and then to elect 
the ring gang," just so long will city government in 
Lynchburg be a farce and fraud perpetuated on the 
poor man, and he'll have nobody to blame but him- 
self. It's up to you to study your own city govern- 
ment, and then to take an active hand in it. 

Let the superintendent of schools provide special 
courses in "Lynchburg city government." 



Now that "Judge Christian has sustained the Su- 
preme Court," as a Lynchburg capitalist recently put 
it in referring to the judges election decision, we sup- 
pose that those fellows who have been advertising that 
^'Lynchburg is wet and going to remain wet," will 
kindly take a back seat. While talking about this 
disagreeable wet question, let us suggest to the Mayor, 
who has promised to enforce the law, that it is being 
violated right under his nose in the four following 
ways: 

1. Near beer is being openly sold contrary to law 
by the bar rooms. 

2. These same bar rooms are taking orders and 
money for whiskey over their counters today. 

3. They are selling intoxicating "CIDERS" con- 
trary to law. 

4. The common houses are selling whiskey and the 
like daily, and claim they can't do business without 

whiskey. 

* 

2G 



Yet in spite of all this, Lynchburg is acknowledged 
to be 600 per cent, better off than before. There were 
about two cases of drunkenness in the police court in 
two weeks since the town went dry, when as before 
there were sometimes ten in one day. 

Yet you'll hear a fellow sometimes say "prohibition 
don't prohibit." There are other ways in which the 
laws are being violated. Let the police open their 
eyes and keep their promise and do their duty. We 
believe we have the best police force in the State, but 
the best of police have to do what they are directed 
to do by those over them. 

For more than a week after the town went dry the 
bars openly sold near beer in direct violation of one 
of the plainest laws the Legislature ever enacted, and 
then they seem to have discovered very suddenly that 
if the Mayor did his duty every one of them might 
be put behind the bars, and so they quit, and here it 
is more than two weeks later, and not a one of them 
has been arrested yet. 

And now since they find that they will not be com- 
pelled to obey the law, we find that they are putting 
near beer on sale again. 



A FEW ASSERTIONS FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE 

PUBLIC. 

A great many do know, but this matter should be 
brought to the attention of every right thinking per- 



27 



son within its corporate limits as well as within a ra- 
dius of twenty-five miles of the city of Lynchburg. 
The firm of Adkins & Co., 320 Twelfth St., are dealers 
in cheap, medium and high grade furniture. They 
sell for cash or credit, and are money savers. A nice 
line of Metal Beds, Eefrigerators, Go-Carts, and Mat- 
ting. Spring goods arriving daily. If interested in 
anything in this line it will pay you to call on them 
before placing your order. Remember the place and 
number, for we cannot be responsible for your mis- 
takes. Catch the IDEA! * * * 



There are still some people who can read "Hamlet" 
through and then argue that Hamlet was crazy. We 
have found in writing down these heterogenous ideas 
that it is sometimes worth while "to put an antic dis- 
position on," both TO vary the monotony, and because 
the ridicule thereby effected is a very potent weapon 
of exposure of evil. There are some, we've found, who 
can not understand the SASSYNESS of some of our 
remarks, and who think that it indicates a lack of ap- 
preciation of the gravity of the subjects discussed, and 
a recklessness in handling the truth. Know all men by 
these presents, that when you see a statement in the 
IDEA, however carelessly it may seem to be thrown 
in, it is pretty sure to be as near the truth as words 
can make it, and that most likely the Editor has more 
of the same kind up his sleeve to use as the occasion 
may demand. When we speak we happen to have the 

28 



proof at hand. Even when in court we were called 
upon to answer to the charge of contempt we very mod- 
estly (?) told the judge that we could produce reliable 
witnesses to prove the truth of all our assertions. He 
did not question their truth. The only statement which 
we know of ever being published in the IDEA which 
could even be questioned technically, was when we re- 
ferred in our very first number to a clerk of a certain 
body as a member of that body. 

4c * * * ♦ * 

"CRITICISM IS THE FRIEND OF SUCCESS."— 
CONTEMPORARY. 



A statute passed by the Legislature requires the 
owner of buildings over three stories "to erect fire 
escapes of most approved modern design," and pro- 
vides penalties for the failure to comply with the law. 
Another law charges the Mayor and Chief of Police 
with the enforcement of this statute. 

Now Mr. Krise has not put fire escapes on his build- 
ing of seven stories, because the Council has agreed not 
to require him to abide by the general city ordinance. 

We write this to call the attention of the Mayor to 
the fact that the action of the City Council can not 
void the State law nor nullify his duty to compel Mr. 
Krise to put suitable fire escapes on the Krise Building. 

Even if the law did not apply, it would be a very 

29 



foolish thing for Mr. Krise to fail to provide escapes, 
because the designers of all fire-proof buildings know 
that there is no such thing as a fire-proof structure. 

All that the manufacturers of fire-proof material 
claim for such structure is that they are more safe and 
more economical, and the best advertisements which 
these manufacturers can show for their designs are 
pictures of the buildings after fires, in which they show 
that the frames and fioors still remain and need not be 
renewed, although these same pictures show that the 
entire contents and woodwork of such buildings are 
completely destroyed by the flames. 

Such pictures are shown in the Scientific American, 
and no expert would claim for a minute that a fire with 
any chance whatever would fail to demolish all com- 
bustible material within the wall« of the Krise build- 
ing. It is quite sure that such a fire would be much 
more horrible in the Krise building than in any other 
building in town on account of the height of the build- 
ing, which, with present facilities the fire department 
would be utterly powerless to reach. An ofiice renter 
in one of the upper stories of this building recently 
called our attention to the fact that the only possible 
exit to the building is the elevator shaft, in which is 
situated the only stairway in the whole building. Now 
everybody knows that a slight blaze on any lower floor 
would send such a volume of smoke up this flue of a 
shaft that it would be rendered useless as an exit 
either by elevator or stairway, and woe would be to 
the unfortunate being that chanced to be above the 

30 



flames in a serious conflagration. 

Even where the law is complied with fires often 
prove exceeding destructive of human life. It is, there- 
fore, of no little importance that the Mayor and the 
Chief should insist that every legal requirement be en- 
forced to the letter. There is undoubtedly no building 
in the city that needs an escape more, and even if there 
were no law it would be the plain duty of the Council 
to make one for this case. 



A SUGGESTION TO MESSES. HALSEY AND JEN- 
NINGS, REPRESENTING LYNCHBURG 
IN THE LEGISLATURE. 

A Massachusetts ]aw passed in 1906 requires each 
city and town to furnish annually to the Chief of the 
Bureau of Statistics of Labor: 

**A return containing a summarized statemient of all 
revenues and all expenses for the last fiscal year for 
that town or city; a detailed statement of all receipts 
and disbursements of the last fiscal year arranged 
upon uniform schedules prepared by the chief of the 
Bureau of Statistics of Labor; statements of the in- 
come and expense of each public industry maintained 
and operated by such city or town; ***** a 
statement of the public debt of said city or town show- 
ing the purpose for which each item of the debt was 
created, and the provisions made for the payment 

31 



thereof, and a statement of all current assets and all 
current liabilities of such city or town at the close of 
its fiscal year." 

If our representatives in the Legislature should see 
to it that such a law was passed it would be an easy 
matter to find what cities were being extravagantly 
financiered. 



* * 



INDIGESTION! TEY CONQUEEINE. 



Lewisburg, Tenn., Feb. 19th, 1909. 
The Conquerine Co., 

Lynchburg, Va. 
Sirs: — 

For several years I have been bothered more or less 
with INDIGESTION and stomach troubles, and have 
tried many preparations for same. I have just bought 
my third Fifty Cent bottle of CONQUEEINE, and find 
since I've been using same that I've been bothered 
with troubles less than ever before. 

I take pleasure in recommending it to any one who 
has INDIGESTION. 

Very truly, 
* * * MOEGAN MAESHALL. 



32 



Cl)e Hobbie Companp 

Insist that their line of pianos is the best 
in Lynchburg. Any well informed per- 
son will back this statement.^ The 
CbiCftCrillCl piano sells higher than 
others — there's a reason. Investigate 
FULLY and you '11 buy one from us. 
Call and we'll "show" you. Upright 
pianos $185 to $800. Easy payments. 



W. P. LEE, Manager 810 Church Street 



CtDO Secrets 

Is your light bill heavy ; and is it some months much 
more than you think is right ? 

Well, dill you ever think how much you would save by usinj? 
gasoliiM! or huyiuf^ your oil from us? Did you know that a 
'phone Mussuj^'e would bring you a gallon of oil from us immk- 
i>iATi-:i,Y? Time is money, yuu know. Suppo.se you 'phone 4-6-1 
lo-day. Try our Dustless p'loor Oil. Now we've tola you what 
and ifow. 

Home Oil and Gasoline Company 

1017 MILLER STREET 



Ought to be hung — and 
Going to be hung — and 

•It won't hurt to hang it — 



Some of the beautiful WALL PAPER from 
SHOLES BROS. ; on that faded wall of 
yours. We are the largest dealers in Lynch- 
burg, and it will delight your eyes to see 
our mammoth line of up-to-date designs. 
Our hundreds of samples w^ill be show^n to 
you w^ith pleasure. 



Sholes Bros. 



EIGHTH 

STREET 



A New Departure 

'Piie Idnj? established D.wrs (Iroceuv and Pkodice 

('<iMi'ANV have enlar^xed their Inisine.ss 

by tiie addition of a 

Fish and Oyster Department 

and will l»c pleased to serve their friends at their 
ol(] stand, ()10^^ain Street . 

Fresh Goods Received Daily. Telephone No. 122. 



:u 



1 ake a Peep! 



SERHAPS you have never been in 
our large new store on 12th Street. 

We have not only an excellent line of 
up-to-date furniture, with prices to suit 
anyone, but we are headquarters for 
mattings, rugs and carpets as w^ell, and it 
will give us pleasure to number you 
among our host of satisfied customers. 
We would call especial attention to our 
low^ prices, even on a basis of credit. 



Blankenship Furniture Co. 

INCORPORATED 

314=316=318 12th Street, LYNCHBURG, VIRGINIA 



H5 




Y 


OU 


just ought to see our i 


lew 


Spring line of 




We 


iVall Paper Samples 


ous 


can 


please the most fastid 






Phone 165 






s. 


A. Smith 

Paperhanger 




627 


Main Street, Corner of 


7th 



For Bargains in Homes 



Or Investments in 
City or in Country 



GO TO 



International Farm Agency 

900 MAIN STREET 



:')<) 



The Last Word 



HE other day one nf our good 
advertisers had 1 ,000 posters 
printed on cheapest paper at a cost of 
$2.23. It will cost him considerably 
more to distribute them. We are 
printing in two colors on bond 
paper in this number, his ad., which 
will be distributed without any extra 
cost to him to 2,500 people, at a less 
cost than the 1 ,000 cheap posters 
cost. Get the Idea ? Fire us a 
postal for advertising rates. 

^ ^ ^ 



Everybody Reads Idea Ads. 



€l)e i^erp Inea 



DO YOU WAIJT TO KKOW HOW 
YOU CAN LEND A HAND IN THE 
GOOD WORK THE IDEA IS DOING 
IN LYNCHBURG. YOU JUST PAT- 
RONIZE THOSE WHO ADVER- 
TISE WITH US, AND TELL THEM 
YOU SAW THEIR AD. IN THE 
IDEA. DO THAT. WON'T YOU. 
AND DON'T FORGET TO TELL 
*EM. HELP GOOD OLD LYNCH- 
BURG TO GROW BETTER. 



Call 2-4-8 for 

The Reliat Plumber 

T.CMOJiELEY 

619 Main Street 



Agent for 

Lindsay Incandescent Gas Lights 

4 



TIME IS MONEY 



Keep your TIME-PIF CE right. We are 

expert repairers and dealers in Watches, 

Diamonds and Jewelry. Just let us show 

you our up-to-date stock. 



J. W. WILKINS & CO. 



921 MAIN STREET 

i 



"To Sleep: Perchance to Dream 

How Blissful on a Bed from 

REAMS' 



Spring's coming! and" -with it the cooing 
of babies out of doors. That means 



Go -Carts 



And to keep babies' milk cool and fresh 

in doors one should have a WHITE 

MOUNTAIN REFRIGERATOR 

"the chest with a chill in it. " We 

are large dealers and this is 

the season to buy. 



Reams & 'Company 

618-620 Main Street 



YOU ARE ALL RIGHT 

So long as you can earn your salary. A millionaire isn't 
any more independent. Just take one little precaution — 
guarantee yourself against the loss of your salary — and 
then the future is safe and secure. 

COVER THIS ONE BIG CHANCE 

Don't let an accident or illness catch you napping. 
Some men just take chances, and get up from a long spell 
to tussle with the accumulated bills. Some men have all 
their savings wiped out by the extra drain. 

But you, a prudent man, ought to ask us how^ we guar- 
antee that your salary w^ill keep right on w^hen accident 
or illness prevents you from earning it. A small monthly 
premium does the trick— so small that you w^on't feel it 

Send me the little coupon attached; full particulars 
w^ill be sent you. Then decide. No obligation 
w^hatever. 

Eugene G. Adams 

District Manager 

Continental Casualty Co., 
of Chicago 

403 Krise Bldg., Lynchburg, Va. 




Health insurance issued also to business women. 



Exercise... 



LEARN TO BOWL at the 



M 



onarc 



Bowling Parlors 

Seven i7) alleys, the finest in the State, 
all equipped with'patent "Simplex" Pin 
Spotters. Special alleys for ladies, with 
entrance on Seventh Street. 

The Monarch, 701 Main 



Our Nev/ 

Sanitary 

Soda 

Fountain 

is attracting a 
large patronage. 
Only first-class 
Fruit Syrups 
dispensed. 
We make a 
specialty of 
Chocolate 
Milk Shakes. 

Also full line of 

Fine Cigars 

and 

Tobaccos 



♦' ^Cfltfiera Brands Satisfy" 




A Lynchburg Brand 
Carbon Paper and 
Typewriter Ribbon 



Try this Brand 

'Phone 253 



poiilfiern BSSiD6^5ATi6FY 



ERr> 

•Results. 

nCd. Wni.R. Wright 

Sales Manager 
812 Church Street 



The ^ Idea 

ADON A. YODER. Editor and Publisher 
GOTTEN OUT AT LYNCHBURG, VA, 

Vol. II. APRIL, 1909 No. 4 



A CALL TO SERVICE. 

As the editor of the IDEA will shortly leave Lynch- 
burg for a greater and, we trnst, more beneficent work 
in another city, v/e are anxious to do one continuing 
service to our goodly native town, and so we have 
arranged to hold a meeting of the citizens of Lynch- 
burg. 

TO ORGANIZE A CITIZENS' LEAGUE. 

This organization is to be a non-partisan affair, to 
which every citizen is earnestly requested to belong. 
The object is to desdse a plan whereby every citizen 
may have a say in deciding who the city officers shall 
be. This plan is working wonders in other cities. 

It is a good thing not only because it OFFERS 
every citizen AN OPPORTUNITY to have a choice in 
nominating clean and capable men, but it also IN- 



SURES THE NOMINATION of good men for office. 
Many of the most prominent men in the city have 
endorsed this move already, yet aside from this we 
believe that the good people of Lynchburg will jump 
at this opportunity to take a part in the cause of good 
government. The time and place of this meeting, 
which will be in the next week or so, will be an- 
nounced later. Look out for it in the daily papers. 

This summer there are to be nominated the follow- 
ing city officials: 

A City Sergeant — now S. H. Johnson. 

A City Treasurer — now H. P. Adams. 

A Commonwealth's Attorney — now R. D. Yancey. 

If you are interested in who shall succeed to these 
offices, now is the time to show that interest. 

There is also to be elected this summer a represen- 
tative in the Legislature. Mr. T. D. Jennings now 
occupies this position. We should be especially careful 
in deciding who we put in the Legislature. We un- 
derstand that a body of the citizens are already ask- 
ing Mr. Jennings for an expression on questions of 
public importance. If these answers to be given by 
him are satisfactory to the citizens, it would be the 
province of this citizens' organization to unction Mr. 
Jennings, if not it would have the opportunity to 
sanction some other candidate or propose some other 
candidate for this important position. Let no one 
think that this is an attempt on our part at self-ag- 
grandisement, for we are shortly to go to Richmond to 



live. Our sole motive is to insure clean government 
in Lynchburg, and we hope and trust that every citi- 
zen will feel it his duty as well as his privilege to take 
a part in this public meeting. 

From expressions already of those whose interests 
have been awakened in the cause of civic betterment, 
we are confident that the hall will not be able to hold 
the crowd. 

The First Ward alone promise to fill the house, but 
we must not let the First Ward get all the glory of 
righting evils. Come early and avoid the risk of 
being turned away. 

Kemember this big fact, that no ring is going to 
dominate this organization. You are to run it. See 
the daily papers for further information. 



LET THE COUNCIL GO FORWARD in its work 
of municipal improvement. There can be no rational 
objection by any one who carefully considers it in the 
light of the experience of other cities to the increase 
in bonded indebtedness of the city, provided the funds 
raised thereby are for purposes of permanent im- 
provement, and are not raised for meeting current 
needs. But by all means such indebtedness should be 
incurred only for stated and specific purposes, and 
should be used in no other way, and the utmost care 
should be used in determining accurately beforehand 
just where each item is to be spent, and as near as 
possible the exact amount. As Mr. Long has so ably 



pointed out, don't let us appropriate say $100,000 for 
a school building without having an option on the lot 
we want. And don 't let us go to the limit of our bond 
issue and then find that we need $100,000 more to do 
the work which the bonds were estimated to do. 

Let this be remembered that already the D street 
bridge has cost about as much over the bond issue for 
that purpose as the city has now left of this year's 
appropriation for all permanent improvements in this 
year. It should always be borne in mind that when 
you build a building estimated to cost $100,000.00 the 
probability is that after all other necessary and un- 
thought-of expenditures are counted in, the building 
has cost $150,000.00. 

Don't ever count on doing $100.00 of estimated work 
with $100.00. Estimates should be taken with a large 
dose of salts, even in private affairs, and all know that 
this is even more true of city or governmental af- 
fairs. 

If the city has $100,000.00 to spend for schools, let 
them build $65,000.00 worth of schools, and when they 
are done the $100,000.00 will be about gone all right. 
Why can not municipalities learn from experience, 
and the city at this time is especially in need of funds, 
BECAUSE OF THE FACT which most Lynchburgers 
do not know, that THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS WERE 
SPENT LAST YEAR IN THE ENGINEERING DE- 
PARTMENT WHICH HAD TO COME OUT OF THIS 
YEARS' APPROPRIATIONS, and remember, too, that 



this years ' appropriations were cut down to $20,000.00 
less for streets than was spent last year, .-Ithough we 
have in sight this year $77,000.00 more of revenues 
than were estimated last year to begin with. 

Another fact worthy of mentioning is this, that the 
present plan gives $2,500.00 for police service this 
year more than last year, though it contemplates about 
$25,000.00 less in permanent street improvements this 
year than last. 

Everybody knows that cost of policing should de- 
crease when a town goes dry, and the work of our 
police force has already been wonderfully lessened. 

CITY HOSPITAL. 

Why should the city spend a lot of unnecessary 
money to buy a valuable lot on which to put a hos- 
pital, when they already have in the Alms house prop- 
erty an excellent site for such a purpose. Why! Why! 
Why! 

* * Hs * * * , 

WE ARE NOT JUST "BLAZING AWAY," WE ARE 
"BLAZING A WAY." 

Let 's be plain. More men understand if we write 
to children. When George Washington was surveying 
a way through the original forest he hacked the bark 
off the trees along the way to indicate to those coming 



after the route he had taken. Thus the white part of 
the tree w^ uld "blaze forth to future comers the fact 
that some one had gone before. 

Unlikewise. When some poor fool fires a gun into 
the air just because he's scared, or because he's drunk, 
or the like, we say he blazed away. 

For many we are blazing a way, we are not just 
blazing away. 

:i: * * * * * 

Listen at this. Did you ever stop to consider that 
all our Councilmen have their positions because they 
felt it to their interests, or some party backing them 
felt it to their interests to put them in office? Well 
you just stop and chew on that idea for about ten 
minutes at a time three times daily after meals, and 
you '11 be able to understand how the people 's interests 
have been neglected, and why there is so much corrup- 
tion in city governments in the United States. 

We are willing to leave it to you. We don't believe 
you can name two Councilmen out of the twenty-four 
who have not got nice sidewalks and improvements 
along their property fronts, although others are with- 
out it who are more deserving. 

Now self-interest and self-preservation is a first con- 
sideration with every one, and we do not hesitate to 
say that we are not writing this to blame the Council- 
men. We are all human, and they get blamed enough 
without any more censure from us just now. Some of 
them undoubtedly should be censured, but that is not 

10 



the purpose of this article. We are writing now to 
show how Councilmanic government can not be ex- 
pected to look . impartially after the interests of the 
citizens, and moreover, it puts such a premium on dili- 
gence on the part of special interests. 

It is easy to see how three men with a common spe- 
cial interest could get legislation favorable to them- 
selves accomplished with the utmost ease, because it 
could easily happen that there would be no one espec- 
ially interested in opposition to it, and thus no one 
might fully grasp its full meaning until it was too late 
to object. And that this is just what happens all know 
too well to debate it. This is just the way special in- 
terests have always dominated city, State and national 
governments. This is the way valuable franchises 
have been wrung from the people for a mere nothing. 
But get a responsible salaried expert at the head of 
each department and special interests have to take to 
the tall timber. It is no exaggerated statement to say 
that hundreds of thousands of dollars could have been 
saved to Lynchburg with a proper management of its 
affairs. A public service corporation could easily in- 
fluence two out of three committeemen, even if they 
were men above reproach, but not experts in the line 
proposed, to pass legislation favorable to them. Take 
a concrete example. Suppose the Traction Company 
should conclude that they were not making as much 
as they wanted to on electric lights. The company 
might easily convince two members of a light commit- 

11 



tee that certain materials had so increased in cost that 
it was hard for them to make expenses at the present 
rate of charge for city lights, and that it was nothing 
but just to give them two cents a night per light more. 
The Councilmen might easily be convinced, not being 
experts, and the two would make the report for the 
committee of three and the rest of the Council would 
often accept the committee report just as they would 
expect their report to be accepted by the Council, and 
that's the way it is done, and it's just the way the 
Traction Company fleeced Lynchburg out of about 
$5,000 in cash some three years ago, while all the time 
they were getting rich off of watered stock. But put a 
shrewd business man at the head of this department, 
give him a decent salary, make him responsible for all 
blunders of his department, and then you have efficient 
and economical government, and that's why cities that 
are managed by commission are advertising to the 
world their financial condition, their low tax rate and 
the satisfaction of the citizens with their form of gov- 
ernment. 



PUBLISHED REPORTS. 

The people should always be kept informed of their 
affairs, as publicity is the only sure cure for evils of 
the government. The street committee has acted wisely 
in calling on the engineer for a monthly detailed re- 
port. Now let this committee order this report printed 

12 



monthly in the daily papers, and then let the Council 
not stop here, let every department be required to pub- 
lished detailed reports of expenditures. And detailed 
should mean DETAILED. We understand that Mr. 
Shaner is required to do this, and yet his report is 
not detailed. We have before us his, reports for the 
last two months, and while they enable one to know 
more of the city's expenditure, still they do not permit 
the citizen to see the inner workings of city expendi- 
tures. We inquire. Why this desire to keep the peo- 
ple ignorant of their affairs? Not only are these re- 
ports insufficient and not calculated to enlighten the 
public, but they contain items which should never have 
been permitted. 

In the April statement of expenditures, which shows 
expenditures for the street department for March, we 
find this item: 

'*H. L. Shaner, City Engineer, cash expenses. .$100.00 
And likewise in the annual report of last year we 
find such items: 

''H. L. Shaner, City Engineer, cash expenses $100.00 

''H. L. Shaner, City Engineer, cash expenses $ 50.00 

Besides these items we have many others, such as the 
following: 



** Engineering and Lighting Supplies $437.71.*' 

"Supplies for City Engineer's Office $358.98." 

' ' Miscellaneous Supplies $490.69. ' ' 



13 



And sundry other items running into the thousands 
of dollars for "miscellaneous repairs and expendi- 
tures." Now we submit that this does not look right. 

To give a man a large salary of $2,500.00 and horse 
and buggy and care of same, and almost unlimited au- 
thority in expenditures, and then every now and then 
let him have $100.00 or $50.00 to expend without ren- 
dering any account for same whatever. 

Now we do not say that this money is not spent for 
legitimate expenditure of the city. That's another 
question which we have nothing to do with, for we 
have absolutely no knowledge concerning this money 
after it is paid over to the engineer, nor do we think 
that this state of affairs might not exist with another 
engineer. The point that we are making is this. No 
city officer has a right to authorize another city officer 
to expend the peoples' money as he sees fit without 
requiring an accounting for every cent of it. 

Such a system presumes that every man is honest, 
and shrewd business men do not presume that any man 
is honest, even when he is handling their own money. 
How much more business-like should our officials be 
when it is not their own money, but the people's 
money which they turn over to others. A bank re- 
quires an accounting to the cent EVERY DAY for all 
expenditures, and yet cannot cities afford not to re- 
quire such an accounting even annually. Suppose we 
should have a crooked official sometimes. What would 
become of us with such a system? Private corpora- 

14 



tions find men going wrong, and you never heard of a 
city yet that had an examination of its affairs that 
did not find gross abuses. 

We would also call attention to this big fact. The 
city auditor does not audit the expenditures of this 
department at all. When the engineering department 
wants, say $15,000.00, the auditor, Mr. Otey, issuei a 
warrant on the treasurer for $15,000.00. The treasurer 
turns this warrant over and issues a check on the back 
of this warrant for $15,000.00, and that's the last of 
the auditor's work. Thus the engineering department 
reports last year show expenditures of $190,246.98. The 
same department has spent on the gravity water sys- 
tem more than $700,000.00, and yet our auditor, to 
whom we pay some $2,100.00 annually, besides certain 
unknown expenses, does not audit this at all 11 o is 
auditor as far as the treasurer is concerned only. 

You see in the early days bicameral governments 
worked all right, but as the commercial, business spirit 
in America has developed, these chambers, (Councils 
in the cities; assemblies and congresses in State and 
nation) have turned over their detail work to commit- 
tees which, unlike the Councils, have held their meet- 
ings in private, and just there is where the people lost 
out, and the publicity of committee meetings is the only 
solution of the evils of our present systems. Let the 
people know and the remedy will be applied. Now 
very few people know anything about the workings of 
the city government juit on this account. They read 

15 



in the papers that the Council met and passed perhaps 
without discussion many appropriations, the advisabil- 
ity of which was not even questioned in the Council. 
And then they blame the whole Council, thinking them 

a committee of fools, and they do not know that un- 
der our present government it is not the Council as a 
body that does the governing, it is government by com- 
mittee pure and simple, and the people need not con- 
cern themselves about the discussions which go on in 
the Council meetings, this is not where the people lose, 
they have already lost out in the committee perhaps. 
Likewise in Congress, the people need not concern 
themselves about what is said in Congress by the Sen- 
ators there about the tariff. The tariff bill is made by 
the committee, and the committee meets in secret and 
the Eepublicans have gotten so bold on this committee 
that even the Democratic members of the committee 
are not. even permitted to meet with them when they 
are deciding what to do. Likewise when the engineer- 
ing department is to expend any money for Lynch- 
burg. Mr. Long's committee passes on all appropria- 
tions and they are brought before the Council, and the 
other Councilmen who get no pay whatever for any of 
this work, but who have their duties to attend to and 
other committees to look after, cannot be expected to 
know the details of Mr. Long's department, so they 
simply as a rule vote to sustain the committee report. 
Thus you see the whole Council by its vote shares the 
responsibility of the decision, but does not share t\m 

10 



power in any such given case. Now you never will 
luive success in running city affairs until you have IN- 
DIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY coupled with PUBLIC- 
ITY of all the cities affairs, and the plan of govern- 
ment by commission is the only plan that has suc- 
ceeded wherever it has been tried. Now it can be 
readily seen that if you attempt to have commission 
government and still retain the cumbersome Council 
as some have proposed, you are of necessity bound to 
have a failure, for you do away with the best feature 
of the plan, namely, individual responsibility. 

Now when any expenditures are to be ordered in any 
department the head of that department makes out his 
list of expenditures, say for $15,000.00, and takes it 
to the chairman of his committee, thus Mr. Shaner aj)- 
pears before Mr. Long, and Mr. Long perhaps is very 
busy and has the utmost confidence in Mr. Shaner, and 
so he O. K.'s the order and thus the transaction is 
done. And just here is where the crookedness has de- 
veloped in other cities. Suppose the head of the com- 
mittee were not what he should be, (Do not misunder- 
stand us. Lynchburg has an exceptionally fine body 
of Councilmen. Go down to Richmond and see what 
they have there and you'll feel proud of Lynchburg's 
Council.) w^ould not there be an opportunity for graft? 
And perhaps all of Lynchburg department heads and 
committeemen of the Council are not what we think 
they are! "Ah, there's the rub!" Who knows! Who 
knows! 

17 



Another point. Suppose Mr. Long does have time 
and inclination to carefully go over this estimate of 
Mr. Shaner, as he perhaps always does, still Mr. Long- 
is no expert in the needs of engineering. Kor are all 
our heads of committees expert business men and ac- 
countants, and thus a committee chairman must make 
mistakes which an expert paid commissioner would 
not make. Then, too, the paid commissioner would feel 
much more responsibility and would study his depart- 
ment thoroughly and many thousands of dollars would 
be annually saved to the citizens. In the meantime 
a good plan would be to make all committee meetings 
public. On many occasions Councilmen of the city of 
Lynchburg have opposed making public even the re- 
sults of their actions in committee. Publicity won't 
hurt anything but the evil. 

*!• 't» •!• T* *F "T 

Did it ever occur to you that nearly every head of 
department in the city government from Mayor down 
was a failure in private life before he came into of- 
fice? 

.;; ;:5 * :;j * * 

WHAT IS GOVERNMENT BY COMMISSION. 

Let's illustrate it. Let the citizens elect five men 
of known integrity and business ability at a sufficient 
salary and require them to meet as a City Council at a 
stated hour daily, such meetings to be always open to 
the public. 

18 



Let the chaiinian of the committee be Mayor, and 
]et him have charge of the first of the five departments 
enumerated below, and let the Council designate the de- 
jiartments to be looked after by the other four Coun- 
cilmeu or commissioners. 

1. Department of Public Affairs. 

2. Department of Accounts and Finances. 
?>. Department of Public Safety. 

4. Department of Streets and Improvements. 

5. Department of Parks and Public Safety. 
These are the dei)artments fixed by law in Iowa, and* 

success has boon so marked in Des Moines that the Leg 
islature has made the law apply to all cities over 7,000 
in population in the State. 

The law making this form of government also pro- 
\ ides as follows: 

' ' The Council shall print each mouth in pamphlet 
form a detailed itemized statement of all receipts and 
expenses of the city and a summa,ry of its proceedings 
during the preceding month, and furnish printed copies 
to the State library, the city library, the daily news- 
papers of the city, and to all persons who may apply 
therefor at the office of the clerk." 

The advantages of this system are in part as fol- 
lows: 

1. Efficiency. 

2. Individual responsibility. 

3. Publicity. 

These three remedies will right any bad government. 

19 



In Virginia the departirients might be varied to meet 
the different conditions here. 

One thing worthy of mention in Des Moines is this. 
AVhen the plan was adopted a political ring had charge 
of affairs, and a citizens' organization tried to put in 
a reform body of men. The old ring won at the polls, 
and still the plan has succeeded, even with the old ring 
crowd, beyond all expectation, and Des Moines is so 
proud of her city government that they are advertising 
their city all over the country by distributing a little 
pamphlet called ' ' The Des Moines Plan of City Gov- 
ernment,'' and they give many interesting facts about 
the city calculated to boost it before the American 
people. The Iowa law fixes the salary of Councilmeii 
for cities the size of Lynchlmrg at $2,500 for the 
Mayor, and $1,800 each for the other Councilmen or 
commissioners. 

The following was published in the Kansas City 
Times of last May concerning the commission plan, as 
a dispatch from Des Moines: 

''What would happen in Des Moines today if the 
question were re-submitted? was answered by James G. 
Berryhill, who was one of the leaders in the campaign 
for the adoption of the commission plan, and who sup- 
ported the candidates named by the Business Men's 
League. This ticket was defeated. 

He said: ''Nine out of every ten votes cast in the 
city would be for the proposition. I am sure that I 
have not over-estimated the change in public senti- 

20 



ment. I know the people of Des Moines, and they 
have already been convinced of the wisdom of the com- 
mission plan. ***** The result of the elec- 
tion is the best argument for the commission govern- 
ment. The Gouncilmen elected are doing so well that 
even the business interests of the city. that gave their 
support to the unsuccessful ticket are perfectly satis- 
fied with the administration of the men who were 
elected. ' ' 

Have you ever been struck with the idleness of city 
officials as compared with men in private business? 



CONCERNING DOGS. 

Gentlemen of the jury, the best friend a man has in 
the world may turn against him and become his enemy. 
His son or daughter that he hsts reared with loving 
care may prove ungrateful. Those who are nearest and 
dearest to us, those whom we trust with our happiness 
and our good name may become traitors to their faith. 
The money that a man has he may lose. It flies away 
from him perhaps when he needs it most. A man's repu- 
tation may be sacrificed in a moment of ill-considered 
action. The people who are prone to fall on their knees 
to do us honor when success is with us may be the first 
to throw the stone of malice when failure settles its 
cloud upon our heads. The one absolutely unselfish 
friend that man can have in this selfish world, the one 

21 



that never deserts him, the one that never proves un- 
grateful or treacherous, is his dog. A man's dog stands 
by hin;i in prosperity and poverty, in health and in hap- 
piness. He will sleep on the cold ground, when the 
wintry winds blow, and the snow drives fiercely, if only 
he may be near his master's side. He will kiss the 
hand that has no food to offer; he will lick the wounds 
and sores that come in encounter with the roughness 
of the world. He guards the sleep of his pauper mas- 
ter as if he were a prince. When all other friends de- 
sert he remains. When riches take wings and reputa- 
tion falls to pieces he is as constant in his love as the 
sun in its journeys through the heavens. 

If fortune drives the master forth an outcast in the 
world, friendless and homeless, the faithful dog asks 
no higher privilege than that of accompanying him, to 
guard against danger, to fight against his enemies, and 
when the last scene of all comes and death takes the 
master in its embrace, and his body is laid away in 
the cold ground, no matter if all other friends pursue 
their way, there by the graveside will the noble dog be 
found, his head between his paws, his eyes sad, but 
open in alert watchfulness, faithful and true even in 
death." Such was the speech of Senator Vest, of Mis- 
souri, in a suit for $200.00 damages against one who 
had shot a dog. He had spoken in a low voice without 
any gesture. He made no reference to the evidence or 
the merits of the case. When he finished judge and 
jury were wiping their eyes. The jury gave a verdict 

22 



of $500.00 in favor of the plaintiff, $300.00 more than 
the suit. It was even said that some of the jurors 
wanted to hang the defendant. 



It is well to call attention to such appreciation of 
the worth of the dog at a time when legislation is 
pending in the City Council which very seriously effects 
the standing of man's most devoted friend, especially 
since that friend cannot speak for himself. In taking 
the part of the dog we are taking the part of the home, 
for without the dog many a Lynchburg home would be 
unprotected. Let the Council go slow in putting any 
additional tax on dogs. The proposed $5.00 and $10.00 
tax would legislate out of the city most of our canine 
protectors, and would be so prohibitive that only the 
rich would have dogs at all, and thus the revenue there- 
from would be less to the city than at present. 

With the average man the dog is not a luxury, but 
in the nature of a necessity. The vicious dog should, 
of course, be muzzled and restrained, but the harmless 
and noble protector and hunter should not be subjected 
to any hostile legislation. 



If you don't like THE IDEA, read the Lynchburg 
News or the Farmers' Guide. 

23 



We are at a loss to know why Mr. Yancey did not 
try to prosecute the Strother Company and make a 
test case before the town went dry, when if this Byrd 
law applied to druggists he could have secured large 
license money from Lynchburg druggists to help out 
t|jie city treasury. 

In section 7 of the Byrd liquor law, the following 
language occurs: 

"Any druggist who desires to sell ardent spirits or 
alcoholic bitters, shall take out a retail liquor dealer's 
license and shall, in all respects, be deemed a retail 
liquor dealer, and be subject to the requirements of 
this act; provided, the provisions of this act shall not 
apply to liquor used by any druggist in the preparation 
of medicine." 

It is thus very clear that if Mr. Yancey is sustained 
in his appeal the druggist will have to pay a license in 
dry territory which he never has had to do, but the 
law reads "the act shall not apply to liquor used by 
any druggist in the preparation of medicine. ' ' 

Yet Mr. Yancey is spending the people's time and 
money in TESTING one of the clearest clauses in the 
law, when he should be prosecuting to the fullest ex- 
tent open and flagrant violations of other parts of the 
law. 

Furthermore, this same Byrd law is being openly vio- 
lated in other particulars in Lynchburg, in one case by 
a Councilman, and by others in the open sale of IN- 
TOXICATING drinks, besides the cases mentioned in 

24 



our last number. We have every reason to believe that 
our police force would do their duty and enforce the 
law if they were so instructed. But the Mayor is head 
of the police department in Lynchburg, but it seems 
that he, instead of immediately stopping the infraction 
of the law, is awaiting the action of an adverse attor- 
ney in TESTING this part of the law also. A Common- 
wealth 's Attorney has no right to TEST any law in the 
interests of anybody. It is his duty to protect the 
people against those who would violate the law, and if 
the violator is not satisfied with the law, it's up to 
him, the violator, to test it. Let not the attorney earn 
a fee from the people in an attempt to break the peo- 
ple 's law. Let the violator IN EVERY INSTANCE be 
prosecuted. There are very few laws which moneyed 
interests can not nullify as it is, without the assis- 
tance of those who should enforce it. So long as the 
open violator of the law is not punished, as is the case 
in Lynchburg at this writing, April 21st, just so long 
is somebody failing to observe his sworn oath of office. 
Get that? It's up to somebody to get busy. 



In onion there is strength. 

MONTHLY REPORTS. 

We are informed by an old Lynchburger that at one 
time the city published monthly, in the daily pa- 

25 



pers a detailed, itemized account of all checks made 
by all officers in the name of the city. Will some good 
Councilman confer a favor on the citizens by offering 
the following ordinance: 

Be it ordained, etc., that every city official or em- 
ploye who handles any city funds shall make monthly 
detailed, itemized accounts of each check and expendi- 
ture made by him, such account to show amount of 
payment, to whom payable, to what special account 
charged, and for what in detail (As, So MANY TONS 
of such CERTAIN KIND of coal), and further, such 
statement to set forth amount of money on hand at be- 
ginning of month, and amounts of moneys received 
during month, in detail, and balance on hand at end 
of month, and that the clerk cause such reports to be 
published monthly in pamphlet form for the use of any 
citizen who may call at his office for same, and in one 
daily paper. 

Likewise will some one propose the following: 

''Be it ordained, etc., that the president of the Coun- 
cil or Aldermen be instructed to employ an expert ac- 
counting house to examine into all the expending de- 
partments of the city government and make a thor- 
ough report as to the advisability of all methods of ac- 
counting, expending and auditing in use and make re- 
commendations as to changes necessary to the wisest 
and most efficient and most economical management of 
city affairs. ' ' 

Such a report would help Councilmen in their future 

26 



work, and would accomplish an immediate righting of 
any wrongs which might be found to exist under the 
present lax and unbusinesslike management, and might 
save to the city thousands of dollars during the- pres- 
ent year without waiting for the monthly reports to 
disclose or cover up any past mismanagement. 

If there has been no bad managemen^t, then the find- 
ings will be an admirable advertisement for the city, 
and in either case the city will be the gainer. 

Now if the Council will not do this much for the citi- 
zens they should at least offer some valid objection to 
it. Thousands of Lynchburgers feel that they have no 
advocate in the other publications of the city, and they 
also feel that their protests and claims as voiced by 
the IDEA should have the serious consideration which 
is due from Councilmen. 

:t: * * * * * 

Mr. Marshall and his committee are to be thanked 
for the excellent work done by them for a new market. 
By all means let the Council endorse these well wrought 
plans. 

It has been suggested to us that the discrepancies 
in the reports of Mayor and Treasurer as to fines, 
which we referred to in a former number, is due to the 
possibility that the Mayor's report contains total fines 
for city and State, whereas the city treasurer reports 
only city fines. As a matter of fact this is not the 
case. 

27 



The Mayor reported a total of fines collected, $11,- 
075.38. 

The Chief reported a total of fines collected, $11,- 
008.05. 

There is a discrepancy here. 

Then the Mayor reports city fines ''has been collect- 
ed and paid into the city treasury," $10,506.13. 

The Treasurer 's report shows, ' ' Mayor for fines, ' ' 
$10,440.80. 

In like manner we find discrepancies in the reports 
recently from the press for the year just ended. 

The Mayor reports that there have been collected 
and paid into the city treasury $7,467.65. 

The Treasurer reports. Mayor for fines, $7,223.05. 

A difference of $244.60. 

If there is any valid reason for this the citizens 
have a right to know what it is. This is the people's 
business, and we will be glad to set the city officials 
right in the eyes of the people by publishing any ex- 
planation of any party concerned. 

If parties concerned either continue to keep silent 
or offer an excuse which is not valid, then the people 
have a right to think that there is a screw loose some- 
where. 

In fact the silence of parties concerned is leading 
fair-minded citizens all over town to think that there 
is much more wrong-doing than the IDEA has ever be- 
gun to suggest. We will make this very emphatic 
statement: That if the IDEA had made any blunder 

28 



whatsoever, you can just bet your sweet life that the 
parties concerned would have raised a howl that could 
be heard all over the United States. As it is, in the 
language of the Latin ''Dum tacet clamat," which is 
to say that their very silence cries out against them. 
Straighten yourselves out, gentlemen, straighten your- 
selves out! or else prepare for election time. 



Have you tried and failed, or just failed to try. 

4; :): 4: ^ :}: 4: 

It would give us pleasure to employ our space in com- 
mending the good as well as in condemning the bad, 
but there are so many demands on us for exposing evil 
just now that we can not find time for the more pleas- 
ant work of throwing bouquets, but the Lynchburg 
News and the Mayor are serving the public so well in 
that capacity that we have found it of more impor- 
tance to enter the field unexplored, as far as Lynch- 
burg publications are concerned, of criticism of gross 
public evils. 

We will take this opportunity, however, to say that 
Lynchburg has, as far as we have been able to dis- 
cover, a more respected and worthy and high class 
body of men as Councilmen now than any city in the 
State, and perhaps in the nation. 

The trouble in Lynchburg is not with the personnel 
of its Council, but with its worn-out and cumbersome 

29 



system of government with an ancient charter and an 
ancient plan. 

Likewise, Lynchburg's police force is recognized to 
be as fine a one as can be found. As far as depart- 
ments are concerned Lynchburg's troubles are in the 
difficult problem of engineering and the shamefully 
run department of justice, or as some are free to call 
it, the department of injustice, with absolutely unfit 
men as Corporation Judge, Commonwealth's Attorney, 
and Mayor, 

To go back to the Council, the thanks of the citizens 
are due to those unselfish men who have given so 
largely of their valuable time, with no money remuner- 
ation whatever, to the arduous work of the Council 
committees. 

Take Mr. Long's work. A prominent merchant said 
yesterday that Mr. Long gave about one-half of his 
time to his department work for the city, and in re- 
turn he has gotten the condemnation of many. Now 
we think Mr. Long has made his mistakes, who has 
not? Still we should not expect him to neglect his 
private work on which his income depends to look after 
public affairs for nothing. He is no expert in engineer- 
ing, and most of the blunders of his department are 
because he had to rely on others who were paid by the 
city to look after such matters. 

All honor to the clean, unselfish men on the Lynch- 
burg Council. Now let's get busy and pay a commis- 
sion of shrewd business men to do that work for us. 

30 



WHAT IS SOCIALISM. 

Morris Hillquit, prominent author and politician of 
New York, in writing in the Outlook of April 10, in 
reply to Mr. Roosevelt's editorial on Socialism, says: 
"There are approximately thirty to forty millions ad- 
herents of Socialism in the world, and the socialist 
literature in all languages comprises several thousand 
books and pamphlets. * * * * The movement is 
represented in each country by an organized party with 
a definite and explicit platform and program, and these 
platforms and programs, identical in all substantial 
points, are the indisputable expression of the views 
and methods of the Socialist movement. 

To avoid all possible misconceptions, the Socialist 
party of the United States has formally summarized 
the objects of the Socialist movement in the following 
terse definition: 

"Socialism is the modern movement of the working 
class to abolish the private ownership in the social 
means of production and distribution, and to substitute 
for it a system of industry collectively owned and dem- 
ocratically managed for the benefit of the whole peo- 
ple. ' ' This is the Socialism of the Socialist party, and 
of the Socialist movement. Socialism is chargeable 
with all that is expressly aflfirmed in or can be legiti- 
mately inferred from this statement. It is not respon- 
sible for anything else. 

•I* •!*- nP "f* V ^ 

Get back numbers of THE IDEA at Shepherd's. 

31 



The discrepancies between the religion that is now 
affected and that taught in the New Testament 
are large enough to engulf the whole modern world. — 
Joel Chandler Harris — ''Uncle Kemus' Home Maga- 
zine. ' ' 



Let everybody root for the Lynchburg ball team. 
4: * * * * * 

A FEW ASSERTIONS FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE 

PUBLIC. 

A great many do know, but this matter should be 
brought to the attention of every right-thinking per- 
son within its corporate limits as well as within a 
radius of twenty-five miles of the city of Lynchburg. 
The firm of Adkins & Co., 320 Twelfth St., are dealers 
in cheap, medium and high grade furniture. They sell 
for cash or credit, and are money savers. A nice line 
of Metal Beds, Refrigerators, Go-Carts, and Matting. 
Spring goods arriving daily. If interested in any- 
thing in this line it will pay you to call on them be- 
fore placing your order. Remember the place and 
number, for we cannot be responsible for your mis- 
takes. Catch the IDEA! 



32 



K\)t Hobble Companp 

Insist that their line of pianos is the best 
in Lynchburg. Any well informed per- 
son will back this statement. The 
CbiCt^CCtlld piano sells higher than 
others — there's a reason. Investigate 
FULLY and you '11 buy from us. 
Call and w^e 11 " show " you. Upright 
pianos $185 to $800. Easy payments. 



W. p. LEE, Manager 810 Church Street 



Do You yrclil gS'thrvery BCSt SfaOCS 
in the world at a very low price? AVell, yoii 
know Lynciiburg is a great shoe centre and we 
have arrangement witli the big shoe houses to buy 
tiieir large lines of SAMPLE SHOES '<^t a very low 
price, and we can save ycni all kinds of money and 
give you quality and style and service as well. 
And you will find, too, that you can get DRY 
GOODS AND NOTIONS CHEAPER froin us than 
elsewhere. 'Phone 421. Cor. Eleventh and Main 

Will White Dry Goods Co. 



Onr Motto: "Satisfied Customers" 

We aim to make these by delivering the best wool- 
ens, trimmings and workmanship in garments 
made up in the latest styles. If in need of a suitor 
extra trousers, we would be glad to serve you. 

McDonald & Duf f ner 

MERCHANT TAILORS 

215 Eighth St. Telephone 1656 

Repairing and Renovating a Specialty 



Ought to be Hung! 

Going to be Hung — and it won't hurt to Hang it — 

Some of the beautiful WALL PAPER from 
SHOLES BROS, on that faded wall of 
yours. We are the largest dealers in Lynch- 
burg, and it will delight your eyes to see 
our mammoth line of up-to-date designs. 
Our hundreds of samples will be show^n to 
you with pleasure. 



Sholes Bros. 



EIGHTH 
STREET 



;i4 



Play Ball 



0S you go out on the car to see the games, 
when you get between Church and Court 
' Streets, on Tw^elfth, keep your eyes open 

tow^ard the east side of the street, and if you have 
not noticed in recent months you may be sur- 
prised to see what an up-to-date establishment 
w^e have in our spacious quarters. 

Not only are v^e able to please you in our 
excellent chamber suits, but w^e have a beautiful 
line of mattings, rugs and carpets. Our prices, 
too, are low^ — either cash or credit. 



Blankenship Furniture Co. 

INCORPORATED 

314x3l6»3i8 12th Street, LYiNCHBDRG, VIRGINIA 




I>YSPEPSIA 
INDIGESTION AND 
CONSTIPATION 



Sold by 
Druggists 
and dealers 
everywhere 
for 23c. 
and 50c. 
with a 
guarantee to 
refund your 
money 
if not 
satisfactory. 



For Bargains in Homes 

^^ Or Investments in ^^ 
?^ City or in Country ^ 

GO TO 

International Farm Agency 

900 MAIN STREET 



8(i 



VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY 




1000116969 



UJ 



MQIE0BCIR£UlATiPii 



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