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Vol. Ill 

June, 1909 

No. 1 





ADON A. YODER, Editor and Publisher, 910 Capital St., Richmond, Va. 




May I, my Blue Eyes, meet with thee to-night? 
W^hen ring the vesper chimes may I be he 
W^ho in thine azure-tinted light shall wend 
His way across the hills to hear with thee 
The messenger of God? 

May I be he — 
The vespers o'er — to walk with thee alone 
Back o'er the hills, and sit with thee awhile? 
And as the moon in pensive majesty 
Doth drop her mellow^ light between the leaves. 
May I be he to catch the w^ords which drop 
As sweet as honey from thy lips to me? 
Thine answer "yea" will bring me joy to-night. 

— Alyn O'Dare. 

v^xl^^vtx vL.'VIXxT^' vl^»^«A»"vl< >lxvl^^ 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill JUNE 5, 1909 No. I 

5 Cents a Copy 12.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
910_Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

The Idea will stand for everything that is pure and whole- 
some, no matter what may befall. We know full well that 
the publication of this number, with its pointed attack on 
vice in the shape of crooked political evils and bar-rooms and 
houses of ill fame, is not calculated to benefit the finances of 
this little affair. But know this, that we are going to live all 
right, and we are going to fight evil though the stars fall, and 
we do not need any of that money that is gained by failure 
to strike at wrong doing in high places. It has been said that 
■all things' have their price. The Idea has not, and neither will 
it be influenced in its utterances by hope of reward or fear 
of threats. 

"A fearless newspaper means a progressive city," said 
a prominent Riohmonder recently, and we would suggest that 
that is all that grand old Richmond needs to make it what it 
deserves to be. 

Now, don't get the idea that because we are going after 
rascals and rascality with gloves off that this little affair is 
a sensation hunter, or a scandal monger, or a blackmailing 
proposition. Our purpose is, by turning on the light, to send 
the rascals to the tall timber for cover; to put them out of 
commission, so that we may indeed here in Richmond and 
throughout Virginia have a government for the people and 
not for a few privileged people. 

With the personal vices and secret sins of individuals 

2 The Idea. 

we have no concern. My sins and your sins are none of the 
public's business unless they have a bearing on the welfare of 
the State or the community. With the public acts of public 
individuals, however, we shall at all times feel free to deaL 
They are public property, and when, by giving them publi- 
cation, we think we can accomplish a public good, we shall 
hesitate at nothing. 

We are here for the purpose of attaining a larger partici- 
pation on the part of the people in their own affairs, the 
affairs of their government, and for the purpose of abating 
nuisances which are permitted by the people's servants con- 
trary to the expressed commands and wishes of the people 
whose government this is. 

We are confident that when once the light is turned on 
the remedy will be applied. Our work is to turn on the light. 
!N'ow, we do not enjoy hitting any one, not even a rascal, 
and so we trust that when we give them a few jabs in the short 
libs they will relieve us of any further disagreeableness by 
getting right. If not we shall use these columns in the inter- 
est of better men for their positions and shall fight them, 
in this public capacity, without quarter. We understand 
that some of them have already, on hearing of the coming of 
this truth-telling affair, been trembling in their boots and 
h.'iA'e even been making threats. To such we would say that no 
honest man need have anything to fear from this publica- 
tion, but let the rascal beware, for we are hunting for a fight, 
but our weapon shall be the truth, and to those who own this 
government may we quote, "Ye shall know the truth, and the 
truth shall make you free." 

The truth shall be our motto, and especially that field 
of truth which will help the people to again gain control of 
their own public affairs, which control has been gradually 
usurped by special interests and certain privileged classes. 
We American people actually exercise only a very minor sem- 
blance of control over our public affairs. We are in the habit 
of believing that we still have a say in the government, while 
we are just as profoundly impressed with the fact that our 
government is not run at all in the interests of the people. 
The reason that we are so slow to cast off the yoke of tyranny 

The Idea. 3 

with which we are ruled lies in the fact that the sceptre of the 
tyrant is so secretly wielded. 


The management of The Idea wants live, up-to-date arti- 
cles on "Initiation and Referandum," "The Recall," and "Gov- 
ernment by Commission," and will give cash prizes for the 
best articles on these and other municipal subjects. 

More detailed announcement will appear in our next num- 
ber. We want you to feel that you have in The Idea a medi- 
um of expressing your opinion on the questions of the day, 
and it is our sincere desire to make this little affair the mouth- 
piece of the people in their fight for better conditions by giv- 
ing publicity not only to the public acts of their public offi- 
cials, but also to their sentiments and aspirations for better 

Let Virginia manhood and womanhood come to the front 
and make out of The Idea the fighting organ of the people 
against all manner of evil in all its bearing on their social, 
moral and political life. 


The papers recently have begun to discourage the govern- 
ment by commission movement for the reason given that the 
people do not seem to be interested in making the change. 
The real trouble seems to be that the peoiple have seen their 
interests neglected so much at the hands of the politicians 
who handle the purse-strings of their government that they 
are prone to think that it is a necessary evil to have their 
affairs run by a ring and they are unable to see just where 
they oome in on any deal, whatever changes are made. The 
people do not lack interest in any change for the better, they 
simply have so much fear of crooked politics in Richmond that 
they cannot yet believe that any change in form of government 
would do away with the human parasites who have been fat 
tening off the body politic. 

4 The Idea. 

After a three years' study' of this form of government, 
we are persuaded that the so-called government by commission 
is the only business-like form of government and that even 
with weak men in office this form is vastly more efficient and 
economical than the old form; in fact, if it were not for weak 
or evil men the old form might answer, but it is simply be- 
cause of the likelihood of at least sometimes getting bad men 
that this kind of government commends itself. 

Under the present cumbersome councilmanic system, the 
bad man works his tremendous evil secretly and indefinitely 
and therefore the responsibility can seldom be placed and the 
remedy applied. With perfect men any kind of a system will 
do, but with evil men we must have as nearly as piossible 
a perfect system, and government by commission is that system. 

Government by commission is simply putting into prac- 
tice the methods of administration which large private cor- 
porations like the railroads have found to be most efficient. 
In other words, it is simply government by business methods. 
The real trouble that effects the interest of the people of Rich- 
mond in this matter is found when one considers the difficul- 
ties which those who have discussed it publicly here have found 
to exist in the way of any immedifite practical working out of 
its adoption on account of the necessary change in the State 
Constitution. The body of the people can always be relied 
on to listen to any plan for immediate good results, but it 
will always be hard to arouse enthusiasm over a distant good, 
especially when the papers with their tremendous power for 
good or evil seem willing to let the matter drop. 

As a matter of fact, the people are getting more and more 
solicitous of their standing with their governments and the one 
thing lacking is wise and strong leadership in the press. 

Richmond, with its intelligent citizenship, should have 
the best government in the world, and if Richmond vnll help 
Lynchburg and Roanoke in their effort to throw off the man- 
acles' of councilmanic government by joining them in a fight 
to be m^de in the legislature next winter, looking to the neces- 
sary constitutional changes to make such business government 
possible in Virginia, there will be no doubt about the success 
of the movement. 

The Idea. 5 


Here's an issue for the candidates, for the legislature to 
be nominated this summer. Let the people ask them: What 
is your position on the government by commission plan? 

In the language of the mountaineer this little paper "is 
not afraid of any man and ding few women." 

"Publicity! Publicity! Publicity is the greatest force 
and factor in our public life." — The New York World. 

The editor of the greatest newspaper in the world wrote 
in 1889 his ideal of a newspaper: "To be both a daily school- 
house and a daily forum, both a daily teacher and a daily trib- 
une, an instrument of justice, a terror to crime, an aid to edu- 
cation, an exponent of true Americanism ***** forever 
fighting every form of wrong, forever independent, forever ad- 
vancing in enlightenment and progress, forever wedded to truly 
democratic ideas, forever aspiring to be a moral force, forever 
rising to a higher plane of perfection as a public institution." 


As we go to press to-day. May 31st, our attention is called 
to a flaring article in the morning paper, which, among many 
other misstatements, makes the following dirty charge con- 
cerning Field Secretary, McAllister, of the State Anti-Saloon 
League. It says: "In the course of his address before a 
mixed congregation in which there were a large number of 
young people from the Sunday school, Mr. McAllister made 
allusions and statements which could not be printed in this 
paper and which caused a blush of shame to go around the 

Mr. McAllister, as well as the congregation of Grove 
Avenue church, where the sermon in question was preached, 
has made to-day a vigorous denial of this base untruth, and 
we expect the Times-Dispatch to acknowledge the falsity of its 
article tomorrow, but we have written this to show to what 
an extent Richmond public opinion is molded by its wet jour- 

6 The Idea. 

nals and because we know that the retraction of it if forth- 
coming will not he as vigorous as the initial statement and 
will not be given the publicity which was given to the article 
of this morning. 

We wonder if the people will ever realize the extent to 
which misleading news articles mold their actions and thoughts. 

The Times-Ditpatch exerts an influence in this community 
far greater than that 6f a half-dozen of pulpits, and when that 
tremendous influence is used, as it was this morning, and as 
it has often been used in the past few weeks — notably, in the 
Petersburg fight, on the side of evil and vice by so coloring 
statements of the purest and cleanest of Christian ministers 
so that these statements, iso colored, have an exactly opposite 
effect from the words actually used — we siay, that when such 
a state of affairs has come about, then it is high time that 
the Christian people of Richmond were, in no uncertain tones, 
informing such publications that they no longer can expect 
their patronage. 


Richmond's Greatest Evil, from the Standpoint 

OF the Law. 

It might appear a hard question to lanswer what is the 
greatest evil in America to-day. While some would say the 
graft of governmental systems, or the rank greed and commer- 
cialism that has gotten such a strong hold on every part of 
our complex modern life, others, and perhaps la large majority, 
would contend that the evil of ardent spirits is greater than 
all other evils combined in that it is so often the first cause 
of all /other evils. 

The drink evil among races other than the Hebrew is 
without doubt the most stupendous and far-reaching of all the 
evils of the present time, and this cannot for a moment be 
denied, when one thoughtfully considers its relation to other 

Take for instance, the social evil. It is an undisputed 
fact that with the reduction in the consumpion of arden spirits 

The Idea, 7 

in any community there is always a corresponding reduction 
in the number of houses of ill fame and, in many instances, 
the abolition of the saloon has also worked the abolition of 
its ^attendant evil — the red light district. 

And the same fact is also universally recognized in regard 
to the decrease of other crimes on the closing of the saloon. 
So it will readily be seen that as a cause of crime and other 
evils the drinking of ardent spirits stands first lamong the evils 
of the world. 

But our concern in this article is to show that in Rich- 
mond the house of ill fame is, from the standpoint of 'the law, 
a greater evil than any other, and this will be more readily 
admitted when the following fact is stated, i. e. : The laws 
of Virginia license and thus legalize the first evil — the drink- 
ing of poisonous spirits — but they do not legalize the other — 
the social evil. ISTot only is prostitution a crime, but the very 
maintaining of a hoTtse of bad reputation is, in the eyes of 
the law, both of the State and the city, a very grave crime. 

It is therefore that we are justified in stating that from 
the standpoint of the law the social evil, as it exists in Rich- 
mond to-day, is Richmond's greatest evil and the greatest blot 
on the honor and fair name of the city. There is one vast 
section of the city, besides numerous other small sections, which 
is entirely given ovek' to this lawless business under the very- 
eye and sanction of the police who are sworn to uphold the law. 

Mayo street, from Broad to Main, and the adjacent streets 
and alleys, comprise this hot-bed of crime and debauchery. 

There may be seen any evening thinly clad women of the 
midnight world openly in the streets soliciting men, or telling 
vile jokes, or boisterously laughing over their drinking, and, 
by means too debasing to mention, advertising their wares in 
the very shadow of the capitol of the proudest State in the 
Union land the one that boasts most of its pure blood. 

ITow, we hear some poor, deluded mortal argue that there 
is no use in the police trying to stop it, because, because, be- 
cause. With such we have no argument now, for this is an- 
other question which we propose to treat in due season, but it 
is not in the province of the police or the mayor to decide 
whether he will enforce a law or not because of the uselessness 

8 The Idea. 

of the law. It is the concern of the legislature, if the law is 
wrong; but when the law is on the statute books' and the offi- 
cer is sworn to enforce it, he should attempt its enforcement 
in the face of all opposition, because it is not a question of 
the good of the law, but the simple question of the duty of the 
servant who is not simply the hired servant, but the sworn 
hired servant 


^N'ow, the Virginia Code read sas follows: 

Chapter 185, Of offenses against morality and decency. 
Section 3790, page 2021. "If any person keep a house of 
ill fame resorted to for the purpose of prostitution or lewd- 
ness, he shall be confined in jail not exceeding one year and 
fined not exceeding two hundred dollars ; and, in a prosecution 
for this offense, the general character of such house may be 

The courts, when called upon to determine this statute, 
have held that it is not necessary to prove a specific act, but 
that evidence of the character of the house is sufficient, and 
that it is not even necessary to have as evideiice the names 
of the persons visiting the house. 

Thus we see that the law is not only exceedingly clear, 
but, recognizing the import of the offence, gives the officer 
very broad authority and then demands of him as it demanded 
of Mayor Richardson on the 1st of January last, as he took 
up his duties as chief executive of the city, that he swear an 
oath to enforce all the laws, both of city and State. And yet, 
we have a very cesspool of iniquity openly tolerated by the 
chief executive and his lieutenants. 

We will therefore thus publicly ask the mayor the follow- 
ing question : Why do you not enforce the law as above stated ? 
If there is any good reason why you do not, we shall not only 
take pleasure in publishing any statement which you may make 
to that effect, but it shall also give us pleasure to defend you 
openly in your course. 

Now, in view of the fact that there are some who think 
that this evil is best handled as at present — ^by not handling it 

The Idea. 9 

at all — we desire to show them and the good people of Rich- 
mjond that the present state of affairs is a festering sore on 
the social body, the proportion and the corruption of which 
the people have no adequate conception of. 

And this condition has come about because of the fact 
that this evil has stretched out its debasing arms and fastened 
itself upon the politics of Richmond to such an extent that 
the papers of the city do not dare touch it for fear of conse- 
quences.- You see, these people pay very large rents. We 
know of one instance wherein a keeper of a house of ill fame 
pays $25.00 a week for a house that would not rent for $25.00 
a month to decent people. Now, any agitation of this ques- 
tion may seriously effect the revenues of certain parties who 
cannot afford to permit the papers to stir up any hostile legis- 
lation to this subject. 

The degradation of this quarter, and the brazenness of 
its inhabitants cannot be estimated without seeing it. The edi- 
tor of this' paper walked through this section last week and 
found women sitting in the street drinking what appeared to be 
wine and boldly acknowledging their shame for money from 
pedestrians. A policeman was holding conversation with two 
of these women on their porch and another was quietly taking 
in the sights from his stand against a building. 

]N'ow, we do not like to soil the pages of The Idea by an 
airing of such questions as this. Similarly, if there were a 
corrupted sore on the hand it would be sickening to gaze on 
it, and yet we would not be so foolish as to utterly neglect 
it just because looking lat it is unpleasant. It is absolutely 
necessary to see the unpleasantness of any evil before the 
proper steps can be taken for remedying it. And it is also 
true that it is sometimes necessary for a doctor to show a 
patient what his malady will come to in order to get him 
to take the steps necessary to eradicate it. Soi a few words as 
to the results of permitting this evil to go on in its present 
full swing are in order. 

"Vice is a monster of so frightful a mein 
That to be hated needs but to be seen, 
But seen too often, once familiar with her face, 
We first endure, then pity, then embrace." 
The above lines from the poet are applicable to the case of 

10 The Idea. 

many of our large cities. The city of New Orleans has tol- 
erated this open vice so long that it has gradually gone from 
bad to worse, and now the very mention odf the tenderloin of 
that wicked city is a stench in the nostrils of the nation. 
Women are bought to feed the maw of this monster evil, 
and, with only a scant piece of clothing and stockings, are held 
in slavery to vice. 

"The Social Evil," being the report of New York's Com- 
mittee of fifteen lappointed to study this enormous evil, gives 
a horrible picture of the end toward which Richmond is going 
with its practical legalization of prostitution. 

A copy of this book is in the city government library, in 
the office of the Mayor of Richmond. 

It shows, as one of the monster evils of this toleration of 
law violation, a "cadet system," as it is called. A cadet't 
"occupation is professional seduction." * * * "Through fear 
and promises lof marriage, she casts her fortune with her 
companion and goes to live with him. The companion disap- 
pears, and the shopgirl finds herself the inmate of a house of 
prostitution. She is forced to receive visitors of the house. 
For each visitor the girl receives a brass check from the 
cashier of the house, entitling her to twenyt-five cents. The 
cadet returns to the house at frequent intervals, takes the checks 
from his victim and cashes them at the cashier's desk," etc. 
But thiat's enough of this to show just what Richmond is com- 
ing to. "We hope that something will be done to break this up 
so that The Idea will be able to reserve its pages for material 
which, to say the least, is not so. unpleasant. 

We will say by way of reason for this that just such meth- 
ods as this of fighting this evil have enabled The Idea to eradi- 
cate very largely this state of affairs in Lynchburg. 

A Ltnchbtjkg pkeachee, under recent date, writes as 
follows: "It is no secret here that to you and The Idea we 
owe the breaking up of the red light section in Lynchburg. 
Until you began to throw light upon the situation and call 
attention to it many refused to believe that there were many 
such places in this city, but, aroused by The Idea, the people 
came bravely to the front with the result that many of these 
places were broken up and all the rest scattered, and our city 
virtually rid of a festering sore." 

The Idea. 11 

ICjjnrlfburg i^partm^nt. 


The monthl;^ report of Engineer Shaner for May is before 
us, and while our space is too limited in this number to give 
it the attention it should have, we are compelled to make the 
following remarks about the D Street Viaduct. 

This is the third report made by the engineer, and when 
he failed to make an intelligible report at first we were dis- 
posed to overlook it, but since he has not corrected it, we 
desire to call attention to certain figures. The part of the re- 
port in question is entitled, D Street Viaduct, Statement 
Showing Expenditures, and enumerates only $45,267.93. 

!N^ow, one would naturally think that this' showed the total 
expense of that viaduct, but this is not true, for the engineer 
for some yeason has not deemed it wise to enumerate other 
amounts, running into several thousands of dollars, which 
should show on any report which purports to be a "Statement 
Showing Expenditures" for the D Street Viaduct. 

In the first place, there is a preliminary expense of 
$1,243.08, and various other items amounting to $2,612.17, 
or a total of $3,855.25, which we know of which is not put 
on his report at all, and, for all you or I know, there may be 
many, many thousands more which certainly should show on 
such a report. 

It is time we were demanding some sensible, tangible re- 
ports that would state all the facts about any and every item 
of the expenditure of our money. 

And yet, you'll find a few people left in Lynchburg who 
can't sanction The Idea's kicking. 


Voted for Republicaist Tariff. 

The citizens of Lynchburg and the surronnding country 
have heard Mr. Glass so often preach against the tariff as 

12 The Idea. 

a Kepublican measure that we of course expected him to vote 
with the Demtoci^ats on this measure, even if he did turn 
Republican on other measures, because it has not only always 
been the principle of the Democratic party to oppose the high 
tariff, because it puts the tax on the poor man by increasing 
the cost of living, but also because the Democratic Platform 
of last year, on which Mr. Glass stumped the State and organ- 
ized the Bryan-Kem-Glass Club, contained the following: "We 
demand the immediate repeal of the tariff on wood pulp, print 
paper, lumber, timber and logs, and that these articles be 
placed on the free list." 

JSTow, understand that under the old tariff these things 
were and are heavily taxed, but when a measure was intro- 
duced in Congress this session to put them on the free list in 
accordance with the paltform on which Mr. Glass ran, he 
immediately voted with the Republicans, and it was his vote, 
together with the vote of a few other Democrats, that helped 
the Republicans to defeat the measure, for if these few Demo- 
crats had voted with the rest of their party free lumber would 
have won easily because even many Republicans voted against 
such a tax on the poor man. But Mr. Glass flopped over and 
played false to those who had elected him and clinched an- 
other tax on the consumer. When there was no tax on lumber 
the poor man paid less for his home and less for his rent, but 
rents have nearly doubled in Lynchburg since this same tariff 
went into effect. ISTow, when he could have helped to reduce 
rents, Mr. Glass- voted to keep them up, and what excuse does 
Mr. Glass give? Why, he practically says that two wrongs 
make a right; that the Republicans have been helping the 
N'orthem manufacturers steal from the people, and it is noth- 
ing but fair that this steal should be divided up, and so he 
voted to help the Southern manufacturer steal some from the 

You see, most of our representatives don't give a conti- 
nental for the people except at election time, and when the 
time to vote comes, he votes for the rich man and he lets the 
poor man look out for himself, and he gets so bold in his care of 
the manufacturer that he even forgets his promise to the peo- 
ple in the very platform on which he was elected. 

The Idea. 13 

Is Mr. Glass a Democrat? No! He's a straddler and 
he still hopes to be Democratic Governor of Virginia. Gee 
whiz I And a whole lot of you who read this will vote for 
him again simply because he calls himself a Democrat. And 
you wont vote a Republican ticket, even if the candidate is ten 
times the better man, simply because of what somebody who 
called himself a Kepublican did years ago. If you want to 
be free men and have decent government in Virginia, you've 
got to get over your worship of party and vote for the clean 

The "Korthem ISTeck ISTews," in referring to Democrats 
(?) who had flopped over to the Kepublicans on this tariff 
fight says: "They need a divorce, a vinculo from the prin- 
ciples of their party. They have lain with the vampire harlot 
of protection and are guilty of that offense which is biblical 
ground for divorce." 

The Philadelphia Record says: "This is not the kind of 
man to represent Democracy. He might serve well enough 
when the public interests and his own do not come into colli- 

Senator Culberson, leading Democratic Senator of Ala- 
bama, said in the Senate the other day that the doctrine of 
a protective tariff by which money is taken from the consumers 
to enrich manufacturers and producers is contraiy to the spirit 
of the Constitution, and that such a policy has raised the 
prices of all articles to the consumers enormously. 

The Times-Dispatch says: 1. That Democratic Repre- 
sentatives and Senators appealed for votes and got them on 
the pledge that, true to their party principles, as defined in 
their platform, they would fight for lower duties and a reduced 
cost of living. 

2. That Democratic Representatives and Senators who 
use their positions to fight for higher duties and an increased 
cost of living are not true to their party principle, as defined 
in their platform. 

3. That the effect of the stand of these Democrats has 
been to bring their party into derision before the country and 
seriously to weaken its prospects of future success. 

William Jennings Bryan rebukes Mr. Glass and his kind 

14 The Idea. 

as follows : "The Democratic platform demanded free lumber, 
and I believe a platform is binding upon all who run upon it. 
If the taxpayers would take a little more interegt in the tariff 
question and chastise the representatives who, ignoring the in- 
terests of the consumer, follow the advice of the protected in- 
terests, relief would come sooner/' 

Virginians should be ashamed to have in Congress a man 
whom the papers all over the country accuse of having gone 
back on the party that elected him. Collier's Weekly pub- 
lishes the names of these Democrats, so-called, and then quotes 
from a letter they received: "Can you tell me what is the 
difference between Republicanism and Democracy as applied 
to the Republican and Democratic parties now?" Let's take 
Bryan's advice and "chastise the representatives." 

Blunders. — A lot of money has just been wasted on the 
D Street Viaduct by laying cement drains on both sides of 
the roadway across the bridge and then having tO' dig them all 
up with picks because it had been done wrong. 

On Ri Vermont Ave., between Bedford and Cabell streets, 
the granolithic walk was laid level when the inside should have 
been raised several inches above the curbing. As a result, 
and because of the low position of the walk, in bad weather 
water stands so deep on this block that one has to wade through 
a veritable creek to get along there, and yet the city paid, 
besides paying for the work done, and outside of general en- 
gineering expenses, some $30.00 for "engineering and inspec- 
tion," just to see that this very thing was not done. 

The D Street Viaduct was at first to cost about $40,- 
000.00, we understand, and now we find that that work has 
caused the city to expend, so we are informed, more than 
$60,000.00. Likewise, it can readily be seen that the Fifth 
street viaduct is going to cost, after all expenses connected 
with it have been paid, much more than the estimate on which 
the city based its claim against the railroad company. This 
is but another big argument for government by commission. 

Almshouse and Hospital Pkopekty. — Why should the 

The Idea. 15 

city go to the unnecessary expense of buying another valuable 
lot on which to build a hospital when the city already has in 
its lalnishouse property a fine site for a building for this 

Our biggest quarrel with the Council is this — that on ac- 
count of the very nature of, and lack of compensation for, 
their services, councilmen do not do the city's business with 
the same common sense business care that they do their own 
work. We will venture to say that if any one of our wealthy 
councilmen were moved to spend his own money by the same 
motives and with as little careful attention to details as he 
uses in spending the city money he would be financially em- 
barrassed in a very short while. The reason that cities sur- 
vive is that although their money is proverbially unwisely spent 
still the expenditures are always limited by law. Again we 
say we aro not writing to blame the councilman. It's the 
absurd, nonsensical, cumbersome, impracticable, outlandish 
mess of a system that should have been buried years ago that 
is the trouble. 

Me. R. Funai, the genial and popular clerk at Molteni's 
finds himself without employment since Lynchburg went dry, 
and so it gives The Idea pleasure to commend him to the fav- 
orable consideration of any who may need a good man. Funai 
says that the last three months have seemed like three hun- 
dred years to him, for he has a large family to support and 
is by nature an energetic and hard-working man. We would 
suggest that any retail concern would find him especially valu- 
able on account of his extensive acquaintance and universal 
popularity. — The Editor. 

The Lynchbukg Bali. Team is suffering from a case of 
Al. Orth, most affable and popular, and one wiio knows how 
ball should be played, but one who, as captain-manager, seems 
to be an utter failure. In justice to himself, Mr, Orth should 
get another captain. 

ISText week we will have something to say about that 

16 The Idea. 

Lynchburg councilman who has been doing a little grafting 
in the renting of the Friends Warehouse property. 

We find that the Fire Department received $82.00 last 
year in revenues for manure sold. We find no such entry in 
the report of the Engineering Department. What would you 
think of a private concern running a stable or stables which 
got no revenue from its manure. And this department has 
charge of quite a bunch of horses, for garbage wagons, sweep- 
ing department, street repair work, driving horses and other 
purposes. There's a screw loose somewhere! And ain't it 
funny we never thought to look into these things before? 

A pedestrian living in Rivermont who frequently walks 
to his work, suggests that the city have a revolving gangway 
placed on Rivermont avenue, across Jones street, since the side- 
walk and stepping rocks have been placed so low that every 
rain makes a deep mire over top of the walkway. Such a gang- 
way being built for the city should not cost so very many hun- 
dreds of dollars (but what difference does a few hundred dol- 
lars make to the taxpayers, anyhow), and it would do away 
with the necessity of the city raising the walk, which should 
have been done in the first place. 

In our last Lynchburg edition, notice was given of a pro- 
posed citizens' organization, but our having to come to Rich- 
miond earlier than we expected, and the proximity of the 
summer elections, has led us to deem it inadvisable to push 
this just at this time. It will, however, be taken up later. 


Beneath a shady tree they sat; 
He held her hand, she held his hat; 
I held my peace and lay quite flat; 
They kissed, I saw them do it. 
He held that kissing was no crime; 
She held her head up every time, 
I held my peace and wrote this rhyme; 
They never knew I knew it. 

— Selected. 

The Business cTHanager 




N next week's edition we will 
print by special permission of the 
management of La Follette's 
Magazine, a most charming article by 
Wm. J. Neidig, on a subject of ex- 
treme interest to Richmonders, because 
it deals with a condition that confronts 
them at this time. ][Mr. Neidig has 
interwoven, in his very forceful preach- 
ment, a story of love which can not fail 
to attract. "The Business Manager," 
as the story is entitled, is well worth 
double the price of the whole Magazine. 

Zhc t?erp IT^ea 




5 Cents the 

Vol. Ill 

June 12, 1909 

No. Z 

A^ this Number: 

Machine Pol'.tics, - Editorial 

Rich Gamblers, rial 

Lynchburg Graft, lal 

Tht- Mayor and Tht KcU i^v^VA I.iolnct 
An'i Oil..-,- s;" w M r t Ji \7'hii,- 

ADON A YODER. Editor and Publisher. 904 Caj 


For this is my kingdom — my peace with my neighbor ; 

The clasp of a hand or the warmth of a smile; 
The sweetness of toil as the fruit of my labor; 

The glad joy of living and working the while. 

The birds and the flowers and the blue sky above me; 

The green of the meadow, the gold of the grain; 
A song in the evening, a dear heart to love me, 

And just enough pleasure to balance the pain. 

— William C. Bagley 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill JUNE 12, 1909 No. 2 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 


"Sioimetliiiig is rotten in the State of Denmark," 

"I could a tale unfold, whose lightest word 
Would luaa-row up thy soul, freeze thy young blood; 
Make thy two eyes like stars start from their spheres, 
Thy knotted and combined locks to part, 
And each particular hair tO' stand on end, 
Like quills upon the fretful porcupine." 

"And what so poor a man as Hamlet is. 
May do to express his love and friending to you, 
God willing shall not lack." — ^Shakespeare. 

Let the aibove three quotations speak respectively for. The 
People, The Daily Press, and The Idea. 

Something is indeed rotten in Richmond and this Rich- 
monders know very well, and yet the body of the people do not 
know the particular individuals who are to blame, who is the 
grafter, who is the thief. 

The papers have frequently intimated to the people, when 
they felt it necessary, that there is something rotten here, but 
they have been extremely careful not to place the blame on any 

2 The Idea. 

particular individual and we'll make this statement that if the 
papers did not know who was to blame it was not their fault, 
and furthermore, if the crooked politician had not known that 
lie could control the situation he would not have dared he so 
bold in his operations. 

ISToav we propose to not simply state that there is some- 
thing wrong, but we "will a tale unfold" that will make some- 
body's '4iair to stand on end" because we propose to put our 
hand ou the particular individual or individuals who are re- 
sponsible for the wrong. We will not only make public the acts 
of those who throttle the wishes of the people but we will go 
into the records of those who offer for office and to that end we 
ask the citizeus of Richmond and the candidates for office to 
furnish us with the records of each candidate. 


This paper will be conducted on a high moral plane just 
as if the editor had a conscience. Get the idea ? We mean that 
the editor won't shuffle off his moral conceptions when he takes 
up his pen, but his conceptions of right and wrong are going to 
be easily discernable in his writing. You know it has gotten 
to be customary for a journal writer to have an individual 
opinion entirely different from the opinion he puts down in 
black and white. He is expected to lose his individuality en- 
tirely when he takes the editorial chair. Well, this little af- 
fair is going to be different, we are going to say exiactly what 
we think. In the last number, for instance, readers were sur- 
prised to find in print their own thoughts. If one had talked 
about such things as we wrote no one would have been sur- 
prised, but when they were put in black and white it is sueh. 
an uncommon thing to have actual ideas in black and white that 
people were surprised and pleased or made nrad as the cas2 
might be. 

ISTow we've written the above in order to make clear that 
The Idea has decided ideas) of its own about what a paper 
should be and that our object is to have opinions and express 
them on all live questions. Our object is not to smooth 'Over 

The Idea. 3 

hero and rub out there and try to keep from saying iamything 
that may displease. Oh, no! The same conscience that rules 
our daily life shall rule our editorial pen, and since in this day 
of graft and ' highwaj^ robbery on the part of officials, we miist 
of necessity have a decided opinion. The Idea can be counted 
on to have some very decided and forceful things to say. The 
Idea is different in that it is just like you and I talk on the 
street and jom and I know that we've been saying things on 
the strett foi years that never have got aired in the daily press 
just because the daily papers are so short-sighted as to think 
that if they published facts vrhich blamed any individual they 
would lose by it. And did it ever occur to you that nearly 
every time anything goes wrong in our city hall or State affairs 
that some individual or individuals are to blame, and it has 
occurred to miany of the citizens of Richmond that the news- 
papers are in a position to know nearly every time there is 
any crookedness, who the individual is, who is to blame, and 
for reasons, known to themselves, they fail to let the people 
know who is to blame, i. e., in other words, they print in order 
to conceal their thoughts rather than to express their thoughts 

The Idea is different becanse we have opinions, and 
strange to say we feel that we can actually keep up our pub- 
lication by exjyrcssing opinions. 

The Idea sounds original simply because it is the simple 
unconcealed truth undeoriginalized (swallow!). 


Kow since we claim to have an editorial conscience it will 
always be an easy question to decide which side The Idea is 

Take the whiskey question, we'll bet you can tell now be- 
fore we say so how we stand on that question, for there's only 
one right side to that or any other question. Of course there 
are two sides to every question, that is, arguments can be de- 
duced in favor of different sides of any question, but the con- 
sciences of the people have been seared or their teaching has 
been perversive when they can believe that there are two right 
sides to any question. And it is always easy to discern the 
right side of a question because there never is but one right 

4 The Idea. 

side 'amd there may be a million wrong sides to a given ques- 
tion. ]^ow we hear some one say "Fanatic!" jnst as soon as 
this question comes up, and we were simply talking of right 
ajid wrong, and that leads us to the following definition of a fa- 
natic as the term is at present used by advocates of the saloon. 

A fanatic is one who' does not look at the material, financial 
or business side of a question, but lets his conscience decide 
for him what is right and wrong. Are you a fanatic or do 
you belong to a business men's association? Stung! 

If you have not been doing it just let yonr conscience de,- 
cide your questions for you and you'll be sui^^rised how go^B 
you feel. And we haven't isaid anything yet about wet or dry,' 
but you know which side we are on all right, all right, all- 
right. • 


Since we consider the saloon a mighty evil force we are 
going to fight it, "tooth, tongue, claw and toe nail" but we 
are going to be fair to both sides and so we make the following 
offer: We will willingly publish in these pages articles advo- 
ca^^ing the saloon or opposing the prohibition movement and 
wo solicit such communications from any who may 'desire to 
use these columns for that purpose and we promise to, use. "just 
as large type for such articles as we do for our own. Let! a,1iave 
both sides of the question. ^ 

We propose to show: That the saloon does not help bus- 
iness, though we are frank to say we consider this a minor 
question. v ' . :)-;,• . /' 

That prohibition does prohibit. gTav^ic 

That prohibition decreases crime. .jk, 

That prohibition decreases taxes, etc., etc., but we will have 

more space for this later and meantime w^e want the other side.; 


' in !-i'>1til» it 


June 1st — Just ajj we wrote yeeteMiayji,th» Times-Dispatch 
did not give the peo-ple of Grove Aveiiue and their pastor, Dr. 

The Idea. 5 

James, any publicity at all in their denial of the Times-Dis- 
patch's false statement. 

In Monday's paper the misstatements were put on the first 
column of the first page, the most prominent position in the 
vvhole paper, under a large display heading, covering by it- 
self four and a half inches of space and beginning with the 
large capitals more than three^eighths of an inch in height, 
v.'hile the denial from the pastor and prominent members of 
the church was put on an obscure inner page beginning near 
the bottom of the next to the last column in a very small, lit- 
tle leaded, hard to read type, and with a heading of one line 
one sixteenth of an inch in height, or, in other words, the de- 
nial was given less than one-seventy-second of the prominence 
in headlines that the original misstatement was given, and yet 
the Times-Dispatch claims to be fair. 

We are printing below Dr. James' statement: 


Dr. James of Grove Avenue thus characterizes the Ti.Tnes- 
Dispatch article. 


Editor of The Times-Dispatch: 

Sir. — Since coming to Virginia two years ago I have heard 
frequent expressions of regret from many earnest temperance 
workers over the State concerning what they called the "unfair- 
ness of the Richmond papers" toward their efforts to rid the 
State of Virginia of the trafiic in alcoholic beverages. Their 
contention seems to be that the above mentioned papers will 
not give the facts as they are ; that in this respect the 'attitude 
of the Richmond press is one either of suppression or of mis- 
representation, or possibly of both. In reply to these complaints 
I have said nothing, because there was nothing for me to say. 
My limited residence in Virginia and my non-acquaintance 
vrith matters engaging the attention of the people of the State 
have enjioined upon me the policy of silence. But you must 
allow me to protest against the unjust treatment which yester- 
day's Times-Dispatch bestowed upon the Rev, J, D. McAlis- 

6 The Idea. 

ter, Field Secretary of the Anti-Saloon League of Virginia. On 
Sunday morning Mr. McAlister spoke in the Grove Avenue 
Baptist church, of which I am pastor, in advocacy of the cause 
which he represents, and concluded his address with some ob- 
cervations upon the recent local option election in Petersburg. 
So inaccurate and unfair is the report of his sermon in Mon 
day's Times-Dispatch that had it been the purpose of your cor- 
respondent wilfully to misrepresent him he could not have 
succeeded better than he did. This, however, I am loath to 
believe. Th< rf; are two charges in the report referred to which 
demand an unqualified denial. The first is that "Mr. McAlis- 
ter made allusions and statements which could not be printed 
in the Times-Dispatch, and which caused a blush of shame to 
go around the congregation." This charge your correspondent 
makes twice. In reply, let me state that the charge is absolutely 
false. To say nothing of the many high-toned and respectable 
gentlemen who were present, some of the most refined and ele- 
gant women in Richmond heard the address, and it never 
occurred to them that Mr. McAllister had made improper allu- 
sions until they read the report in Monday's Times-Dispatch, 
My reason for this statement is that I have communicated with 
several of these ladies to-day; all of them were surprised — some 
of them were indignant that such a charge was made, and all 
of them equally emphatic in their denial of it. Another false 
charge mad'3 against him is that on the night of the election 
djy in Petersburg "loaded wagons from the breweries came and 
went on the streets delivering their load to disreputable places, 
where people openly rejoiced at the degradation of the city," 
etc. Mr. McAlister did say that the Petersburg breweries were 
the vilest he had ever known. He did say that these breweries 
carried on a thriving business with questionable places in that 
city. He did say that there was rejoicing among the saloon- 
keepeiN, the business men's organization, the gamblers, the un- 
fortunate women and la certain order of politicians, but he did 
not say, neither did he intimate, that the breweries and liquor 
men were selling their wares either on election day or on the 
night of election day. If this report of the address of the 
Kev. J. D. McAlister is a fair sample of the treatment which 

The Idea. 7 

Anti-Saloon League representatives and the friends of local 
option generally receive from the Richmond papers, then the 
undersigned must yield a great deal of credence to the statement 
made at the beginning of this* article, and henceforth regard 
with more or less of mental reservation any future statements 
appearing in the Richmond papers and bearing upon the work 
of the Anti-Saloon League. Respectfully, 

Pastor Grove Avenue Church. 

jSTolice the fact too, that though the paper published rank 
untruths cou<!eming what McAlister and Richardson said, it 
at tlie very same time before going to press phoned to Peters- 
burg and obtained a "vigorous denial" of those statements so 
that the \erj article which misled the people might work to 
the interest of the liquor element by having it appear that the 
Anti-Saloon League was not only making statements too hot for 
the goody goody ? paper to publish, but that its leaders were 
actually lying. 

When we started to print this little publication we not 
only hoped, but even believed, tbat we would have no occasion 
to tilt with the daily papers, but we have found such a fright- 
ful state of affairs that we cannot refrain from exposing it. 

Here's a quiz for you — Do newspapers have consciences ? 

Or are newspapers like the big trusts — devoid of both 
sipinal cord and conscience ? 

The existence of unscrupulous newspapers in Virginia is 
the sole leason for the tolerance on the part of the people of the 
tremendous evil of the licensed saloon. 

The newspapers of this State have so long maligned the 
Anti-Saloon League officers and speakers that people actually go 
to hear such speakers hoping and expecting to be regaled with 
a lot of sa^icious or vulgar anecdote or sensational blood and 
thunder lamd are very much surprised to find scholarly, pro- 
f'^.ind, le^frent and mighty sermons by men of powerful and 
towering intellect, and then they go home to be lastounded the 
next day by newspaper yams wherein the little reporter tells, 
of the same sermon, that he heard diversi wondrous statements 
that his taper is too goody goody to publish. 

8 The Idea. 

But, to cap the climax, the Times-Dispatcli certainly 
sprung one on the public recently when they actually claimed, 
by ^]jference at least, to have more conscience than Grove Ave- 
nue Baptist church and the gifted and God-fearing J. D. 
McAlister, of the Anti-Saloicn. League. My ! what'll happen 
next ? 


As an advertisement, we gave away several hundred copies 
of our last week's number. 

In the future no more copies will be distributed in this 
way, but they can be had at all news stands and of news boys 
at five cents a copy. 


A live, energetic man or woman as 'advertising solicitor 
on fine commission basis. Excellent opportunity. Permanent. 
Address The Idea, or call quick, 904 Capitol St., Eichmond, 


As the Mayor has not answered our question asked last, 
week, why he does not regard his oath of office in enforcing 
the house of ill fame law, we will answer it for him very sim- 
ply as follows: He can't enforce it, and therefore he cannot 
answer the question.. There's a ring behind him stronger than 
his duty which makes it impossible for him to hold 
his office and enforce the law. We are going to make it 
so waiTQ, however, that he cannot refuse to enforce the 
law. We even understand that Mayor McCarthy, when 
he undertook this work, found an organization of crime more 
powerful than he, which he could not withstand. And yet, 
the great, strong, intelligent and powerful Richmond public 
will let a small band of law breakers and criminals practically 

The Idea. 9 

control their city, and even a large percentage of the preachers 
keep quiet. 

If just fa very few of the citizens should band together 
this state of affairs could not withstand them. Suppose the 
preachers should fight it — there are perhaps one hundred well 
educated, well equipped ministers in Richmond — the law break- 
ers would have to get right. Just a little concerted action 
would put Richmond before the world as a model for clean., 
progressive, modem municipal management. We are sure that 
the preachers will fight this just as soon as they see the evil. 

The preacher, as a rule, is kept ignorant of the sins of 
the masses and he does not know their enormity nor how to 
fio;ht them. 


Big gambling is permissible in Richmond, but the gam- 
blers are supposed to use la little discretion in their action. 
Recently, however, they became so exceedingly bold that the 
county authorities had to take hold of thean and several of 
the leaders got caught and had to suffer a nominal fine. But 
note this fact — that in each case there was only a sh'O'w of a 
trial or of justice, for there were big fellows higher up that 
a trial would expose, and that would never do, so those plead- 
ing guilty were fined, though it would be hard to tell who 
paid their fines, and thus the matter was hushed up. Now, we 
would like to know who rented this gambling room out to the 
gamblers anyhow. They certainly did not break in there to 
gam;ble. Here's food for the police, but we suspect they don't 
want it. Gambling goes on on Broad street openly sanctioned 
by the police daily in Richmond. We stood recently for a 
solid hour in sight of the surging crowds of the street and 
saw the proprietor of an establishment manage a big gambling 
game in which boys under twenty-one years of age took part. 

With the gambling devices in sight of the street of course 
the police are on to the game, and yet, if one of them gets 
wind that two darkies are "shooting crap" a mile outside of 
the city limits, he'll hike ont and nab him, and the poor darkie 
will perhaps spend 'a night in jail for his little offense, which 

10 The Idea. 

is absolutely no offense at all against the city 'as compared 
with the sanctioned and flagrant violation of the city and State 
law within the city. 


It is well known that the grafters got in their dirty work 
on the flume. In our next number we wall show how contrac- 
tors who are now at work for the city of Richmond are put- 
ting in cement work that is not according to specifications. 

ISTow is the time to stop this work and not wait until 
you have been faked. A change in the form of government 
and in the personel of the officers alone will remedy this. We 
have such a rotten graft gang here that inspectors cannot do 
their duty and hold their j'obs, and yet, councilmen would 
recommend no change in form of government. 



The attitude of councilmen may be explained by the re- 
mark of a former councilman: "They say there's nothing in 
it for councilmen, but I'd give ten thousand dollars to get 
back there." 

It is because so miany grafters have gotten into power that 
good men do not always stand for election to the councilmanic 
bodies. Experience has shown that it takes only one grafter 
in five to wreck a city, and it often happens that the four 
clean men are simply a cloak to shield the bad lones. 



Erequent word has come to us since The Idea came out 
last week that we had better be on guard; that some of the 
ring were ready to "fix" us; that prominent citizens had said 
that what The Idea has said is true, but it is "dangerous'' 
to publish it because of the dangerous character of the lawless 
element at whom we were firing. Just think of it! With 

The Idea. 11 

ninety-nine per cent, of the citizens of Richmond the best in 
the world and yet so dominated by one per cent, of those with 
no principle that it is dangerous for the people to talk 'among 
themselves about their iO'\\m affairs. 

• Let us say, however, that we have been up against the 
ring before and, despite their threats, we have continued to 
exist and have put them on the run. We expect threats. 
When you throw a stone in the dark and some cur barks, you 
know you have hit something. Have you heard any fice ? 


Richmonders tell us every day that they have here one 
of the worst rings that ever dominated a city, and yet these 
same Richmonders naturally hesitate to go after this ring and 
put it out of business. This is the most conservative spot 
in the United States, and while conservatism has many excel- 
lent uses, it should not be an excuse for permitting evil to 
rule a city. Richmond is a city to be proud of, and, in a 
five years' residence here, we have learned to love it and appre- 
ciate the excellent qualities of the citizens. It is a city worth 
fighting for, and we propose to do our part towards m'aking 
Richmond a city which can boast of its government as well 
as of its citizenship. 

Richmond is such a progressive city that if it were once 
rid of its ring public improvement would increase, taxes would 
decrease. We could know what our gas is costing the city, 
and our gas department and water ^nd electricity departments 
should cost us less. 

With the present bad management the expenditure of two 
and a half millions of dollars gets the city perhaps one million 
of value received. If the people will take bold this can be 
remedied. If the form of government alone had been better, 
but the personel equally as bad, the city would not have made 
such a botch as it did in the flume. We'll handle that flim- 
flam flume later. 


If we had one commissioner to take charge of the electric 

12 The Idea. 

department with the five members of the commission alone act- 
ing as the council, do you suppose we would have to pay 
$8,300 of hard-earned tax mioney of the people into pockets of 
graft ? ]^o ! The electric committee is large and unwieldy 
and irresponsible, and one man, we repeat it, one man, who 
lacks principle, can actually rule the situation. But sujDpose 
we had a commissioner who was directly responsible to the 
people and who was dependent on them for his salary, do you 
think we would have the mess we've had here for the last 
several weeks ? 

Now, do not misunderstand us. We have the utmost re- 
spect for those members of the committee who are above re- 
proach, and yet they all admit that they are not experts, and 
when they had a meeting last week they actually refused to 
go into details about the contract award and even refused to let 
Mr. Trafford make any statement whatever to the cominittee 
on the ground, as two of them expressed it, notably, Mr. Spence, 
that they "did not want to put Mr. Trafford up to be shot 
at." Why should not the people be lable to call on Mr. Traf- 
ford for a reason for an apparent giving laway of $8,300 of 
their money ? Can't he stand the fire ? Is he vulnerable, or, 
rather, is the committee vulnerable ?. In the face of repeated 
demands by citizens and by representatives of interest6d par- 
ties, the committee point-blank refused to offer 'amy excuse for 
their action. 

ISTow, if there is nothing rotten here, the average citizen, 
judging from his conversation, seems to think there is, and 
their suspicions were confirmed last Monday night when the 
committee absolutely refused to show its hand. Every time 
a hint was made to get a word from Mr. Trafford the com- 
mittee waa up in arms, and if one had not known the rela- 
tion of the parts of that meeting, he would have supposed 
from their actions that the committee's duty was solely to 
guard some big secret. 

As the meeting adjourned, citizens, disinterested except as 
citizens, remarked, "cut land dried," and were so used to such 
procedure that they showed no surprise at the outcome. 

The representative of The Idea had been to several coun- 

T h e I d e a. 13 

cil, aldermen and committee meetings, but had been unable 
to decide the question on its merits for lack of information, 
but he certainly haid a reason to expect some semblance of an 
investigation on this occasion. On the contrary, the commit- 
tee absolutely refused to do anything which would tend to get 
any information from the one man on whom they relied to 
settle the whole question. 


A point has been frequently brought out by the Westing- 
bouse people which the council has never attempted to answer; 
namely, that the General Electric Com'pany's bid was not 
according to the specification of the engineer in that it did 
not offer bids on the vairious parts in detail. If this had been 
done suspicion would not fall so heavily on the committee, 
and besides, the people would have some means of knowing 
in what particular part of the bid there lies a difference of 
$8,300. If the committee wanted the people to knwv anything 
about this affair they would certainly not have acted as they 
have. We ask, Why did Mr. Richardson and Mr. Spence and 
Mr. Pollock land Mr. Huber appear to the spectators to be so 
determined not to have the light turned on? And it certainly 
was not turned on. 

In a mess like this Richmond wont have any responsible 
party to look to until they have government by commission. 

Blunders. — The council has made a big blunder up at 
the pump house by installing a lairge plant and putting in four 
mammoth motors when they have only power enough to run 
a fraction over one of them. Here they have sunk thousands 
on thousands of dollars of the people's money to lie idle and 
decrease in value for two years, waiting until we get an imagi- 
nary power house to operate it, while we pay the interest. 

And this government by irresponsible committees is going 
to continue to miake just such blunders as this, costing the city 
hundreds of thousands of dollars of taxes which, after all, 
the poor man pays entirely, just because the present council 
now in power is so pleased with that power that they desire 

14 The Idea. 

tO' keej) it, and yet poses before the people as being great bene- 
factors, giving (?) their time to the city. 

If Mr. Trafford is a $12,000 man — and some of the citi- 
zens do not realize that that is about what the council is 
giving him for his services — then he ought to be able to stand 
"being shot at" by a few questions. Would somebody beyond 
Mr. Trafford get hit ? Turning on the light wont hurt any- 
body but the rascal. 


We desire to have at hand complete records of all candi- 
dates for the summer elections and it shall give us pleasure to 
serve Richmond by thus helping the citizens to know who they 
want to put in office. We are already aware that some of 
those who offer are not fit for the office. 

We offer to the citizens of Richmond and Lynchburg, and 
later to the citizens of the other towns of the State, the pages 
of The Idea in which to discuss the fitness of candidates for 
office in any fair-minded manner. As it is our elections are 
a farce because the average man can not keep informed as to 
who is the proper man. 


The newsboys can make excellent money by selling Ideas 
every Saturday. They will be on sale early Saturday morning 
of each week at the office, No. 904 Capitol St., and in the West 
End, Church Hill, Manchester, and other points to be an- 
nounced later. Some of the boys made more than $2.00 in the 
limited time they were out last Saturday. Sales will increase 
rapidly after the people know what it is. Prizes will be an- 
nounced later for those selling the largest number of copies. 
Parents wanting their boys to make money will do well to send 
them down with enough money to start them out. 

In the next number we'll tell something about police court 
methods in Richmond. 

T h e I d e a. 15 

We regi-et that lack of space has forced us to delay until 
our next number "The Business Manager," which we announced 
would appear this week. 


We do not propose in these pages either to dilute the 
facts with water or to skim off from the facts their richness 
and flavor and give you the weak and unpalatable skimmed 
milk concerning the happenings of the day, but it shall be 
our sweet pleasure to serve yo^u healthy and strengthening 
cream in the most delightful and least approved style. We 
mean this: If we were publishing a daily paper here we'd 
have to sell it for less than it would cost us to get it out and 
therefore we would have to be extremely careful to get all 
the advertising possible by cutting down the facts and hush- 
ing up certain news that, if published by us, would offend or 
antagonize some of our advertisers and curtail our income. 
ISTow, this is actually what happens to publishers of daily 
papers. Editorially, they are, and have to be, afraid to call 
their souls their own. Sometimes one will start out to take 
a clean, bold, forward stand for all the things he regards as 
right, but he soon finds that he can't afford h and skims off 
a little here and there and lives, or else he persists in his initial 
policy, and makes a financial failure. 

You see, it's this way: It costs more than two cents to 
get out a decent daily paper, so, in order to compete and sell 
your paper for two cents, you've got to have advertising, and 
it has been found by all who have tried it that in order to 
get and keep advertisers you must not have any decided views 
of your own, if the expression of them editorially will tend 
to hurt the business of the advertiser. 

IN'ow, with a little magazine it's different. We can live 
without advertising. We don't have to have a large capital 
to run it and we are not trying to get rich by it, so we are 
going to tell the truth without apologies and without smooth- 
ing it over and without varnish and without dodging the issue. 

!N^ow, the truth is always interesting and often is much 
more startling than fiction, and we have up onr sleeve some 

16 The Idea. 

very startling" things to tell through the coming weeks — things 
that the daily papers here cannot afford to tell, and the daily 
papers here are better than in some other places. We are not 
catering to the advertiser who would buy our editorials with 
an ad., and none but the honorable and worthy ad. can appear 
in this paper with our knowledge of its character. We can, 
therefore, promise you rich, wholesome cream. 

If you want skimmed milk, don't read The Idea, 


On one occasion a certain preacher was berating his fel- 
low preachers for not attacking more forcefully from their pul- 
pits the whiskey business and the houses of ill fame, and one 
of them replied that he did not like to stir up a fuss. 

And that's just what's the matter with the preachers in 
Richmond to-day. Some of them don't want to stir up a fuss. 

Think of it ! "Soldiers of the cross" afraid of stirring 
up a fight. Worse than that! Leaders and generals of the 
"araiy of the Lord" afraid of a fight- — -intimidated because a 
few men who happened to contribute to their churches on 
Sunday got np at the Academy of Music in the interests of 
the most damnable evil that ever afflicted humanity and passed 
a few resolutions, saying: "It will hurt O'ur business if you 
start a fight." 

One of the most prominent preachers in Richmond (and 
this preacher will fight) said the other day: "The trouble 
here is that the preachers, instead of being leaders, are being 
led by the laymen. They are behind instead of ahead in intel- 
lect and in nerve." Now, that's pretty hard on the preach- 
ers, but we did not know them well enough to say it, but we 
do know that if they were what they ought to be and would 
openly and fearlessly fight there woiald be such a rumpus here 
that this whole whiskey business, which the reports from the 
penitentiary right here in Richmond show causes nearly every 
bit of the crime in Virginia, could not stand three months 
in Richmond. When the preachers get ready to fight, Rich- 
mond will go dry all right. Up in Lynchburg most of them 

T h e I d e a. 17 

got busy, but a few did not, and yet Lynchburg has given 
the whiskey traffic a blow that it will never recover from, 
and is now a place fit to raise a family in. Richmond is not. 
This is proven by the fact that there is hardly a family 
in Richmond that is not directly suffering fruui this stupen- 
dous evil through the evil influence of drink on some of its 
members, and there is not a single one that is not indirectly 
hurt by it. 


Let's license the Social Evil. Let's charge say $500 for 
each one of Richmond's two hundred houses of ill fame, that 
wall give us a revenue of say $100,000, which would cut down 
our tax rate wonderfully. The city would then make a living 
out of it, and we citizens would have more money for other 
purposes. It don't make any difference if that does make 
us part owners. A little matter of conscience don't cut any 
figure when a question of $100,000 is concerned. 

Besides, the money we would get out> of it will help in 
another big way. It will thus make it legal to patronize them, 
and then those who patronize them will be doing so lawfully. 
It would reduce the number of the criminal class because the 
man who is guilty of now violating the law against adultery 
would thus be no longer a violator. 

Yes, let the law sanction it in order to reduce the number 
of violators of the law. The first argument in particular 
should appeal to the business men, for are we not told to do 
nothing that will hurt the business interests of a community? 

Then, too-, this would have a third benefit. It would give 
legal employment (hush ! speak it softly) to the young women 
of the town. 

jSTow, don't laugh or get angry at that kind of argument, 
for that is exactly the way we treat other evils — after they 
have fastened themselves upon us. Take the whiskey evil. 
The Business Men's Association, both in Petersburg and in 
Lynchburg, argued that it would kill the town not to license 
the evil; it would take away about $50,000 of the tax money 

18 T h e I d e a. 

and we would have to increase the tax rate, which they argue 
is lower than it would otherwise be with no license. 

Then, there is the second argument that the people are 
going to have it anyhow, and if you make it a crime to sell 
it you make criminals out of those who deal in it. 

Then, there's the third argument that you have no right 
to take away a man's employment. 

You don't like the parellel, do you? We can't help that. 
Absolutely the only difference between the two cases is that 
one is a licensed evil and the other, here in Virginia, is not 

In the first place, we are astounded at the thought of 
licensing the adultery evil, and, in the second place, we have 
licensed the whiskey evil so long that some of us actually 
think it may be a good thing to let it keep on with its damning 
effects just because it will upset business for a while (the 
bottler's business and the undertaker's business in particular). 
]^ow, aren't you ashamed of yourselves, that this, the most as- 
tounding evil that ever fastened itself on the human race, has 
so pulled the wool over your eyes that at times you actually 
believe that after all it might not do to get rid of it because 
we will still send perhaps one-fourth as much money over to 
Petersburg or somewhere else for the daggone pisen anyhow? 
Aren't you ashamed, that your conscience has gotten so seared 
that you will sacrifice right for dollars and cents ? Shame ! 
Shame! And there are in Richmond, in this so-called Chris- 
tian city, in this year of our Lord, 1909, some newspapers that 
are making just such rotten arguments as these. 


An afternoon sheet of Richmond— the evening News- 
Leader — ^says to-day. May 28th, that Petersburg "is blessed 
with newspapers and business men that are not afraid. Our 
observation is that no city ever is carried for prohibition if it 
has a newspaper wdth the courage and ability to present facts 
and reasons to the public." 

We suppose that The Leader means to siay that Peters- 

T h e I d e a. 19 

burg papers have courage ! He-haw ! Fol — de — rol — de — fol — 
de — rol. As a matter of fact, if Petersburg had had a paper 
in it that would even dare to present the straight news with- 
out colors the result would likely have been different, and 
the wet majority would certainly have been less, and if they 
had had a single paper that really had a little courage, enough 
to make it side with its own conscience, the result certainly 
would have been different. 

The truth of the whole matter is just this — that there 
is not a large newspaper in a single town in Virginia that 
thinks it can afford to take a stand for the drys, and since a 
pocketbook has no conscience, they either keep quiet or speak 
out boldly for the other side, thereby annexing more sheckles 
for the said pocketbook. 

For example, there's the Lynchburg News, whose owner, 
Mr. Glass, claims to be a dry man — in private, and it is reported that he gave $100.00 to the Anti-Saloon 
League, on the quiet — and yet, not only do his papers refrain 
from any dry talk but, when he was called on to introduce 
Governor Glenn, of North Carolina, to a prohibition meeting 
in Lynchburg, his words were so guarded that if one should 
read his speech who did not know the nature of the occasion 
on which it was delivered, it would take a Philadelphia lawyer 
to tell whether he was wet or dry. You see, his revenue from 
whiskey advertisements is considerable. We will make an- 
other broad assertion, that no one knows really what the con- 
scientious sentiments of the editors of the papers of Richmond, for even if one of them were dry, his paper could not afford 
to say so. 

You see, they all have thousands of dollars of whiskey 
advertisement contracts. ISTow, scratch your head and think 
what that means. They can afford to knock the Anti-Saloon 
Leiagiie, for the Anti-Saloon League don't have any advertis- 
ing contract with them. Let that big thought soak into your 
calabash. ISTewspapers with courage, bah! They have no 
more courage and conscience than senators have. He-haw! 

Everybody knows that the vote in Petersburg does not 
represent the quiet, conservative conclusion of the good people 
of Petersburg, but Petersburg citizens allowed the newspapers 

20 T h e I d e a. 

to so cloud the issue by making a mountain out of a mole-hill 
that thej did not vote their real sober beliefs, but voted, as 
many of the best Petersburg citizens acknowledge, in the heat 
of resentment of the reported sayings of one man, ISTo man 
should so lose his head as to vote against his own interests 
just to resent an imaginary insult. They voted in the heat 
of haste and now let them repent at leisure. 

We are not inclined to believe that Richmond people, with 
their boasted intelligence, would allow such a thing to occur 
in their midst. Richmond is as sure to go dry when the time 
for voting comes as the sparks are to fly upward. They don't 
allow the wool to be pulled over their eyes exc^t in the field of 
pure politics. 


The Idea proposes to take an active stand in forwarding 
the candidacy of clean men for office and to that end will 
examine the records Qi men offering for positions in the gift 
of the people and will back those whose records show them 
to be efficient and honest. We will oppose with all weapons 
at our command those merely negatively good men who com- 
mend themselves for consideration at the hands of the powers 
behind the machine, on laccount of what they will not do. 

The greatest obstacle in the way of good government in 
America to-day, perhaps, is the ease with which its enemies 
succeed in putting into authority men whom they can count 
on and at the same time men who, as far as their records are 
concerned, lare men above reproach. It is this negatively good 
man who in time of stress is always found with the enemy 
because he has not backbone to make a stand for right nor to 
fight the evil which succeeds in dominating his acts. 

Better have a positively evil man than a negatively good 
man, for you at least know how to handle the rascal. 

Our governments need, above all things, men of backbone 
and brains, and when politics is in such a bad way that such 
men wont offer for office, then it is time for the people to look 
out, for they will be betrayed and the only remedy is active 

The Idea. 21. 

participation on the part of tlie people in proposing clean men 
and backino- them in every way. It has' often been found of 
inestimable value for the people to orp;anize for this very pur- 
pose of putting into office clean officials. IsTotably have such 
org-anizati'ons done ffood and lasting work in Galveston and 
Des JMoines and many other of the vast number of cities which 
have undertaken government by commission. 

ICgnrtiburg i^partm^nt. 


friend's warehouse peopekt^. 

According to announcement of last week, we show here- 
with the condition of affairs existing between the council, Mr. 
King, the councilman, and the citizens. Mr. King, according 
to the treasurer's records, pays' $1,005 rent for the Friend's 
Warehouse property. This property is sublet by Mr. King 
to W. O. Taylor and B. E. Hughes, and part of it is again 
sublet to others. The figures given are based on the reports 
for last year and have been slightly altered by the city widen- 
ing the street. 

Mr. Taylor paid rent, $800 ; the three renters from Mr. 
Hughes paid, respectively, $130, $220, $270 ; total rents from 
Friend's Warehouse, $1,420; a profit of $415, which should 
be so managed as to go into the city treasury. These figures, 
you see, do not take into account the rent for Mr. Hughes' of- 
fice, which should be estimated at perhaps $150, making $565 
which the city loses every year by renting this whole property 
to- a councilman. 

The OuUook, in commenting on just such deals, says: 
"The feeling has become practically universal that legislators 
should not merely keep tbeir skirts clean from illegal trans- 
actions, but should avoid any connection with financial trans- 
actions which have a legislative interest." Mr. King may 
have a legal right (tbough we doubt it) to rent, while a coun- 

22 The Idea. 

cilnian, property from the city for inve;Stnient. lie certainly 
has no moral rig-ht to use his office as councilman to make 
money for himself which should go into the public treasury. 
This is what they call graft in other cities. Yet there 
are some people who say that "our councilmeu are all right," 
and "they get no pay for their, services." In view of such 
facts, it can easily be seen why some councilmen do not want 
"government by commission.'' In Richmond graft don't stop 
at such transactions and we suspect that it don't stop there 
right here in Lynchburg. 



A friend suggests that we ask, for the benefit of the tax- 
jDayer, who paid the expense of tbe lawyers in connection with 
the appeal in the case of the Commonwealth vs. A. A. Yoder, 
wherein two lawyers, one from Lynchburg, helped defend (?) 
Judge Christian before the Supreme Court. The editor of 
The Idea had to pay about $435 for his litigation, and it cost 
the State a large amount, besides extra council. 

]S[ow, we w^ould like to know whether the State — you mnd 
I, the tax-payers — had to j)ay for extra lawyers to defend 
Judge Christian's malicious and uncalled for action in attempt- 
ing to punish one for no offense whatever. 

If the State had, to pay for his blunder, you and I have 
a right to know it, so that we can call on the legislature to give 
us a judge who wont make sncli blunders. 

If Christian paid it, it goes to show that after all it was 
an attempt of F. P. Christian personally to use his authority 
as judge, to suppress The Idea. 

The fact that he had to get extra council shows that he 
knew he had no legal right to do what he did. Next ! Mr, 
Cliristian ! 


While in Richmond recently we were struck wnth the dif- 
ference in appearance betw^een the policemen of Richm'ond 

The IdeA. 23 

and Lynchl)iirg', in favor of Lynchburg. We have heard many 
eoniplinicnts of the appearance and work of our police force, 
bnt we had no idea how well off we were nntil we compared 
with the force of our capital city. Lynchburg can boast as 
fine looking a body of men as could be easily collected in any 
walk of life. All praise to the Lynchburg policeman. May 
he never grow ugly or debauched. All he needs is authority 
to serve his city. We have two suggestions to make to the 
city police commissioners. Since the work of the police force 
has so materially decreased, would it not be wise to do with 
fewer men? And to avoid any friction, when a policeman 
resigns simply don't put another in his place, until we have 
as few as we can get along with well. 

The suggestion is this. Let the commissioners provide 
one plain clothes man for the following reasons: As it is, it 
is almost impossible for a policeman to get evidence against 
certain classes of clandestine violators of the law. For in- 
stance, nearly all Lyncliburgers know that certain laws >a:re 
being violated in the red light district. A policeman in uni- 
form would find it impossible to get convicting evidence of 
this, while a plain clothes man could easily put out of com- 
mission all this flagrant wrong-doing. The blind tiger would 
disappear before the workings of a secret police, and the law 
should be enforced. 


Since we called attention to the twenty-four-inch-high 
fenders of the Traction Company's cars, they have lowered them 
some, but still they are decidedly too high. Twelve inches 
ab.ove the rail, or sixteen inches above the cross ties seems 
to be the lowest the Traction Company is willing to put these 
fenders. This is almost ten inches too high. In Kichmond 
we found the fenders only about two to five inches off the 
ground, and they were so constructed that when in the bounc- 
ing of the car the fender struck the pavement it was not in- 
jured at all. The fender was slightly curved up 'at the front 
so that in striking the point would not strike, but the curved 

24 The Idea. 

lower surface of the fender would strike and glide along, thus 
saving the fender, but always keeping close to the ground. 
Should Lynchburg wait until several more citizens are killed 
and perhaps pay some law suits for not protecting its citizens 
before requiring the Traction Company to put modern fenders 
that will save instead of kill, in their place ? Suppose Lynch- 
burg had one commissioner whose duty it was to look after 
the public safety, do you think it would take three years to 
make the Traction Company put fenders of real value on their 
cars ? JSTot on your tin-type ! And yet, it has taken the coun- 
cil three years to accomplish nothing in this respect, in spite 
of the fact that nine out of every ten citizens feel it as a seri- 
ous need to have something done. And why is it? It's just 
nobody's business to do it. And those who might do it are 
nearly all personal friends of Mr. Appcrson, and they hesitate 
to do anything to strain a friendship, especially when they get 
no pay for it. There's the trouble again with this rotten 
form of government of ours. Everybody's business is nobody's 
business. And so we plod along, and become disgusted with 
the whole affair, and, as a result, the very greatest enemy of 
good government has crept in, namely, lack of interest on the 
part of the citizen in his government. Let's get modern and 
have a business form of government as the live cities of the 
country are doing. 

MAYOR smith: 

We have repeatedly pointed out in the past the failure of 
Mayor Smith to perform the duties of his office and we do not 
propose to rest with simply pointing it out. If Mayor Smith 
does not get busy and enforce the law in Lynchburg we propose 
to take the proper steps to move in the corporation court that 
he be relieved of his office and if, after a proper hearing, the 
judge of that court does not do the proper thing we will put it 
up to the legislature to give us a judge that will do his duty 
a part of the time anyhow. 

We have nothing to say about Mayor Richardson of 
Ricliniiond yet. We trust he will enforce the law in Richmond. 
We hope we may help him do it. It's his move, however. 

To Advertisers 

Thus Far 


E have offered no one space in 
these pages since increasing 
our size and pubHshing in Rich- 
mond. We will, however, shortly put 
out an advertising man, and offer a 
limited number of pages to the public. 
THE IDEA as an advertiser should 
especially appeal to the public for the 
following reasons : 

1[ I. Space will be Limited. We have 
never published in our former size more 
than thirty ads. 

IF II. Magazine Form is a permanent 

IF III. EVERYBODY reads The Idea. 
It's red-hot, tho conservative; loud, but 
neat; outlandish, but true. And it 
brings results — that's what YOU want. 

For Rates Address THE IDEA, 904 Capitol Street 

^ Newsboys! 

CiKT II)I:AS at 

904 Capitol Street 

next door to Park 

1 lotel, (>()rner 9th 

and Broad Streets 




Pri/cs will Ik' aiiiiountcd later for 

those selling the niost. Sales com- 


mence Karly SATURDAY Morning 


Hoys make BIG MONE Y 

WEEKLY 5 Cents 



Vol. Ill June 19, 1909 No. 3 

Clyde Saunders' Committee 
The News Leader Scandal 
Crutchfield's Court ^ »!■ ^ ^ 


Other Stuff Worth While in this Number 

Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 


The Idea 



S NOT desirous of a reputation 
as a calamity howler, nor is it 
anxious for one as a prophet, 
and yet in the light of history and a 
knowledge of human nature, we are 
compelled to see in the present trend 
of events a coming crisis in the history 
of our country, and the happenings of 
the past several months have so con- 
firmed us in our previously formed con- 
clusion that we are willing to make the 
following statement in the hope that it 
may lead others to seriously consider 
the service of their co'untry in prefer- 
ence to the degrading employment of 
their faculties in self-aggrandizement. 
Our statement is this: 
II The present unrest and careful study 
of civil government resulting from the 
injustice of the few to the many, whose 
lot is becoming and will become much 
worse, will in the next few years inevi- 
tably lead to a complete revolution in 
our national governmental procedure, 
most likely accompanied by bloodshed 
and war. 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill JUNE 19, 1909 No. 3 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 


Saunders' Committee 


How Richmond is Run. The Inner Circle and the 
Class of Men Composing It 

If one seeks to find who is/ at the bottom of politics in 
Richmond — who controls the situation — he is almost invaria- 
bly told, "Clyde Saunders." But if you ask how he controls 
it and where the trouble is you have asked another question. 
In this article we will answer these questions which are upper* 
most in the minds of our citizens. 

As a beginning, it is well to call attention to an obscure 
notice in the papers of last week. Especially note the fact 
that this is an obscure, small notice in the papers and is not 
commented on at all, either by them editorially or in their 
"Voice of the People" columns, showing that they are recreant 
to their duty in not exposing these methods and that the peo- 
ple have no conception of just how they are being sat upon. 

2 The I dea. 

The newspaper article in question, in about even two 
inches, under the sm'all heading, "Elect Xew Members," reads 
as follows: 



"The City Democratic Committee was in session less than 
thirty minutes at Murphy's Hotel last night. Samuel Steiner 
resigned as a member of the Committee from Jefferson ward, 
being immediately elected to fill a vacancy in Henry, into which 
he has recently moved his residence. Claude Lowry and 
Charles Weston were chosen to fill vacancies existing in the 
Jefferson ward delegation, Frank Ferrandini being elected 
superintendent of Monroe ward. The ward superintendents 
were instructed to report the names of the judges and clerks 
for the primary at the meeting to be held next Friday night." 

The thing to be noticed is this^ — that the committee met 
and ran through in a few minutes a cut and dried program 
which put large power into the hands of 'an ex-bar keeper, 
■ Frank Ferrandini, who for years ran a low negro resort, on 
the walls of which was exhibited for the benefit of the lowest 
element in Richmond a fine mammoth oil painting of a nude 
white woman, and who operated next door to his bar-room a 
slot machine amusement stand for negroes, Avhich was so vile 
and obscene that it had to be broken up by the police. 

In these machines were shown indecent moving pictures 
of the vilest description. 

When the Chief of Police and the Mayor went there to ex- 
amine the conditions on complaint of citizens, negTO bucks were 
so wrapped up with the salacious sights that they had to almost 
literally fight their way through the throng and force the revel- 
lers from the machines. And yet, the Democratic Committee 
has put this man, Frank Ferrandini, at the head of a ward, 
and notice what power is put in the hands of this ward super- 
intendent. He is the man who "selects judges and clerks for 
the primary." In other words, the ward superintendent is the 
man who is to blame when there is a crooked election, (and it 
is because the Democratic City Committee is so low that they 
put this power into the hands of such base citizens, and then, 

The Idea. 3 

when an election is stoilen — and you liave no means of know- 
ing how many are stolen- — it is chargeable to this same City 
Committee. You may expect flim-flame-flumes 'aiid awards 
made to the largest bidder and contracts let to parties which 
must be unreliable and corruptible if you permit such a com- 
mittee to decide who is elected to councils. 

Why is it you have to have grand jury investigations after 
elections ? Why is it that the choice of the people is seldom 
elected ? Why is it that clean men do not often offer for office ? 
It is because clean men doii't waait to go up against a dirty 
ring and have it said of them through the coming years that 
"so and so, ward heeler and crook, beat him for office." 

Elections have been stolen in Richmond. And the chances 
are that Avith the present policy of the City Democrat Com- 
mittee elections will be stolen this year. 

Why is it that men like Hunsden Cary, a m'an who is 
absolutely impeccable and above reproach cannot be elected 
in Eichmond ? It is because the City Committee are so afraid 
of a clean and fearless Commonwealth's Attorney that they 
will resort to such methods as this to keep^ such men out of 
office and also to keep many men of principle from even vot- 
ing in elections. Think of it ! High-minded citizens of Rich- 
mond, who were Democrats, when the name Democrat carried 
honor with it, and before such men got into power, or were 
even born, must ^cy up to the polls and certify to Ferrandini 
that they are Democrats. Proud men who bear the name and 
blood of ancient families of continued honor and distinction 
must bow down to such a committee and say, "I am a Demo- 
crat," or else, they cannot exercise the right attained by the 
blood of their ancestors to vote in a primary which decides 
who shall serv^e and represent them in city and State and nation. 
Behold, how has Virginia fallen ! 

Behind disastrous legislation are some venal councilmen. 
Behind venal councilmen are unfair elections. Behind unfair 
elections are crooked election officials. Behind crooked election 
officials are grafting committeemen. And right here in the 
City Democratic Committee, if two and two make four, there 
is graft of the worst description, because it is almost abso- 
lutely necessary for one desiring an office "in the gift of the 

4 The Idea. 

pbople" (?) to gain the favor of this committee, (and no clean 
man would stoop so low. 

Here you haye the circle complete. Greed, graft, commit- 
tee, election, council, greed, and so on around the ring, but at 
tjie centre, acting as hub and holding the ring together, is 
the City Democratic Committee, run, as most committees are 
run, by a sub-committee whose influence is worth dollars and 
cents. And the newspapers, to whom you naturally look to 
keep you posted, say never a word about it. 

Americans have built up a great country, and then, by 
their patronage of the daily press, on the ground that they were 
venders of news and information, have practically set them as 
watchmen and said to them: "Declare what thou seest," and 
have gone about our businesses and in troublous times we have 
cried out in the language of the old Hebrew j^rophet, "Watch- 
man, what of the night ! Watchman, what of the night !" 

And the w^atchman has kept silent, thus gaying: "All is 
well," when the thief is at the door. 

"But if the watchman see the sword come and blow not 
the trumpet and the people be not warned; if the sword come 
and take any person from among them, his blood will I require 
at the watchman's hands." 

Is it not high time that Richmond people were demand" 
ing an laccounting at the hands of the Richmond papers by start- 
ing another paper here that would blow the trumpet in no uncer- 
tain tones when the sword of the spoiler and the grafter is at 
the heart of the people ? 

We defy the Democratic Committee to enumerate any 
moral or mental or physical qualifications in Mr. Ferrandini 
which would render him a fit committeeman. 

Mr. Voter, it will pay you to read the above article over 
the second time, for if this state of affairs is to be bettered, 
you, the voter, must better it. 


In the future the Lynchburg Department will be run as 
a separate number, published at Lynchburg "semi-occasionally," 
as was done before the consolidation. The whole of the weekly 
published here will be devoted to Richmond. 

T h e I d e a. 


Pollock the Council 

Pollock the Police Court 

Pollock the Police Force 

Councilinan G. K. Pollock sustaiRs a unique position in 
relation to the citizens of Richmond. 

Before the city council meets Mr. Pollock can be seen 
smilingly claisping the hands of his fellow-councilmen and, with 
the most patronizing air, influencing them to see things his 
way even though the individual so influenced chances to be a 
man who would never stoop to be influenced by baser methods. 
On the floor of that body his smooth tongue and alTable man- 
ner are a powerful factor in turning the tide when some feair- 
less, out-spoken gentleman has turned on the light. He is pop- 
ular because he is too shrewd and cunning to ever give offense 
and he wields his sceptre by his amazing suavity and his ability 
to mislead, which his legal training has given him. Under- 
stand us, the greatest compliment that can be paid any attor- 
ney in these days is that when he is pleading a case he can 
mislead the people into going his way although, on sober reflec- 
tion, they would act the reverse. Mr. Pollock can lead coun" 
cilmen against their will by showing them that an action which 
means one thing means another. 

But his greatest power is in committee. Here his natural 
abilities, together with his inclinations, give him prestige, and 
for some reason or other, best known to councilmen, they follow 
his wish. 

The others do a lot of blind talking and then Mr. Pol- 
lock arises and straightens things out for them and, like sheep, 
they follow his lead. There would be no need for this writing 
if the citizens did not neglect their duty to themselves by ab- 
senting themselves from these committee meetings. 

6 The I dea. 

To understand fnlly how this committee business is run 
would require a knowledge of what goes on between the powers 
that be before the committeesi meet and a knowledge of the 
relation of the councilmen with the city committee, the machine 
This matter, however, will have to be reserved for another 

We hasten to the matter of the police force. Mr. Pol- 
lock's brother is in charge of the office force of the Chief of 
Police, and it requires no stretch of the imagination to see 
the relationship between the individual policeman and the coun- 
cilman who is thus vested directly and indirectly with so much 
power. Mr. Pollock can thus get in touch with inside infonna- 
tion as to arrests, 'and since the police search each prisoner 
he can easily know how much money they have on their person 
to pay lawyers' fees "with. 


Last and by no means least comes Pollock of the police 
court. "When we first visited this court we thought from his 
actions that he was an officer of the court. He was hovering 
over Justice John, he was instructing policemen, and bore a 
mein of authority thait no other person present dared toi affect. 

We soon found that his authority was less affected than 
real. For nine-tenths of the cases which came up seemed to 
be represented, when there was council, by Mr. G. K. Pollock, 
and, what was most remarkable, was the change in the atti- 
tude of the court toward the prisoner when Pollock was the 

Before going further, let me insist that you go into this 
court and we are sure you will have no trouble in verifying 
our statements. The matter has gotten to be so flagrant that 
other attorneys have almost entirely neglected this feature of 
legal practice, and, because of the odium of such action, even 
seem to look do^vn on any connection with this kind of prac- 

But, to get back to the subject. On Monday morning last 
two policemen brought into court two darkies charged with a 
grave offense. The case being called tangible evidence was 

The Idea. 7 

brought forth and it looked like a case of sending to a higher 
court when Pollock appeared on the scene representing the 
negroes. After a very hurried conversation between Pollock, 
land the Justice and the policeman, the Justice waved his hand 
and the negroes walked loff, and then, what happened? The 
policeman's face turned white. He looked thunderstruck. 
"Dismissed ?" He seemed absolutely astounded and started to 
voice a protest or insist on a hearing, but Mr. Pollock simply 
pointed his finger at him and grinned and the Justice called 
the next case and the astonished police retired one way as 
the grinning attorney went the other, and the smile passed 
around the court-room. 

ISTow, contrast this with the next case. A white man and 
a negro appear. The Justice asks the complainant, "Did that 
fellow catch hold of you and pull yon?" Answer, "Yes." 
"Fine him $10," siays the court, and the poor defendant is 
hurried away without the faintest shadow of a trial, and, what's, 
more, if the poor fellow had desired toi say anything and been 
given the opportunity, as is sometimes done, the remarks of 
the Justice were so harsh and bulldozing the prisoner would 
have been. so confused that he could not defend himself. 

In the name of good government; in the name of justice 
to prisoners ; in the name of common decency ; in the name of 
the lawyers of Richmond ; in the name of all that is right and 
good, such farces as can be seen daily in the police court of 
Richmond should be stopped. The power of Pollock should be 
destroyed, and the methods of Justice John should be super- 
seded by justice and digniity. 

We would further inquire what connection with the court 
Mr. Lehman has ? Why is he always on hand as Pollock's 
right hand man? Can't the court get along without him? 

Also, is it necessary to have Mr. Gunst shadowing the 
court? Should Pollock and Gunst, because they are council- 
men, be permitted to exercise privileges which other citizens 
cannot have ? But our space is limited ; we must take this 
up again later. 

When we get through with treating the smaller courts and 
committees and men, we will have some very pertinent things 
to tell concerning men and measures higher up. 

8 The Idea. 

A Suit Against the Evening Paper 

The Circulation Contest Declared Unfair 
and illegal. 

Rumor has been rife for some time to the effect that 
a suit would shortly be entered against the News Leader for 
declaring Mr. S. M. Bowman, of "The Tiixedo," the win- 
ner of the first prize in the circulation contest, which ended 
May 6th last, on the ground that Mr. Bowman's list was 
not a bona fide subscription list, but that he gained the $5,000 
home in Woodland Heights by planking down enough cash at 
the last moment to overcome the lead attained, at the expense 
of actual bona fide solicitation, which meant m.uch time and 
labor by Dr. C. V. Carrington and Mrs. Walter Dnke and 

Of course, Dr. Carrington and Mrs. Duke felt aggrieved 
at the unfairness, as was natural and right, for they had 
entered the contest thinking they would be given a square 
deal, so a suit was planned to compel the News Leader to 
award Dr. Carrington the first prize, and Mrs. Duke the sec- 
ond, and so on, down the list. Meantime, it develops that 
the Leader is attempting to avoid a suit by asking the court 
for a legal opinion. It can readily be seen that if the con- 
testants accept the News Leader s attempt to deprive them 
of their suit by such a compromise, that they will not stand 
the chance of getting a favorable decision, which they would 
if a suit was entered in their own name, for if they were 
paying for a contest, you can rest assured that their interest 
would be looked after better than by the Leader, whose inter- 
ests would be best conserved in a financial way by the re- 
taining of Mr. Bowman's $3,000 or so. The interests of the 
two parties are so antagonistic that it would be strange if a 
suit entered by one would work to the advantage of the 

The Idea. 9 

It is remarkable that all the papers have kept entirely 
mum together about this scandal, while if it had occurred in 
Petersburg or ISTorfolk or Lynchburg, about which Richmond 
people care little, these papers would have made the welkin 
ring with their howl. But no, they are hand-in-glove with 
each other, and though there is perhaps nothing occurring at 
this time which the Richmond public is so interested in, still 
not a sound is heard, and more than a month has elapsed 
since the deal was pulled off. 

Another point w'orthy of interest is this : That Mr, Bow- 
man was also the winner of the building lot given as a prize 
to the one nominating the winner of the first prize. 

It strikes us that the question which should actuate the 
Leader is not whether they have a legal right to accept Mr. 
Bowman's money and put them about $3,000 to the good; 
bilt whether they have a moral right to do so. The Rich- 
mond public is anxious to know whether they can expect any- 
thing fair from Richmond papers. 



The City of Richmond is to-day having cement walks 
laid at a contract price of $1.04 a square yard. We have 
been to see four experts and cement contractors, whose stand- 
ing, both morally and financially, is among the best in the 
city, to ascertain the actual cost of all materials used, and 
after careful figuring not one of them could figure that he 
could do the work up to specifications at anything like the 
figure of $1.04. 

These four contractors show that the material alone for 
one cubic yard of concrete work, which is enough to make 
three and a half square yards of paving iwill cost, depending 
on the quantities bought and the time bought, etc., from $3.50 
to $3.80 a cubic yard. This, it will be seen, would be $1.00 
to $1.10 a square yard for the material alone, leaving out 
labor of excavation and laying and lumber. It will thus be 
seen that the city cannot get for $1.04 any cement paving 
which is up to specifications for the simple fact that the labor 
costs from 25 at the lowest, to 50 and 75 per cent more, 

10 The Idea. 

according to the amount of iW'ork required in excavating, 
etc. One of the contractors seen thought that to give the city 
good service and at the same time make a fair profit, the 
work should cost the citv $1.75 a square yard. The lowest 
estimate we Avere able to get out of the four reliable contrac- 
tors was $1.35, which would be a fair estimate for the work, 
and yet the city is paying only $1.04 for this work, which, 
if done according to specifications, would actually cost more 
than that amount. 

ISTow, what does all this mean? It simply means that 
the inspection must be incompetent or, as it developed in the 
fiume matter, worse than incompetent, and in either case 
the City Engineer, under whom the inspectors work, is to 
blame, and back of him the Mayor himself, who is the head 
of the city government, and who, as such, is to be held re- 
sponsible, because he has the powder and duty of removal from 
office of any of the city officials, and he is to blame if, after the 
matter is called to his attention, he does not remedy it. 

There are walks all about the city of Richmond which 
the city has paid good hard coin of the people's tax money 
for, and which is to-day crumbling and fast wearing away, as 
if it were made of soft pulp, simply because not enough cement 
was used in its construction. It seems thajt if the Avork does 
not fall to pieces before the contractors turn it over to the 
city, the authorities pay and are satisfied, and at the end of 
a few months, when flaws ishow, and the rottenness appears, 
it requires thousands of dollars of investigation to find out 
how we got grafted, and the grafter goes on his way rejoicing. 

In the flume matter the engineer neglected his duty by 
not providing competent and principled inspectors, and as a 
result he still holds his job, and is upheld by the Council, 
and wbrk is being done to-day which, in all probability, will 
demand another investigation, with its enormous exjDense, and 
in all probability those who are to blame will still hold their 
own — and other people's, too. 


How long will staid old Richmond tolerate this rotten 
and corrupt relic of the infancy of American government, 
this cumbersome outlandish councilmanic form, with no indi- 

The Idea. 11 

vidual responsibility, and no power in the hands of the people 
to throw off the yoke of tyranny. Government by commis- 
sion is the only system ever yet found which will meet the 
needs of modern, municipalities, and yet the overworked coun- 
cilmen do not desire to give up their nice jobs to make way 
for' a clean business administration. 

How long would the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway or 
the Seaboard Air Line Railway, or any other big corporation 
run with the incompetent management that the city of Rich- 
mond has. 

Competition, if nothing else, would have made railroads 
be economically managed, and city compeitition is doing its 
work in other States, notably Massachusetts, where the cities 
have to make to the State careful estimates of expenditures 
in all the departments, and show what all things cost on 
blanks furnished by the State. Thus a city can see how ex- 
travagantly they are run by comparing with other cities. But 
Virginia in this, is run, not by the people, but by Tom Mar- 
tin's ring, which occupies the same relation to the State that 
Clyde Saunders' ring does to the city, and therefore,' Vir- 
ginia is about fifty years behind the times. We are domi- 
nated in Virginia by a so-called Democratic party, which is 
nothing, in fact, but a partisan ring of grafters, and the peo- 
ple actually do not run the government at all, and never will 
until they get over their fear of expressing their own opinion. 


In looking over the records of the two candidates for 
Commonwealth's Attorney we are struck with the vast diverg- 
ence between them. Richmond citizens should know that Mr. 
Folkes' record is by no means on anything like the same plane 
as that of Mr. Cary, who aspires to serve the city as his suc- 
cessor. We will not go into the details of the investigations 
into the actions of Mr. Folkes, but we simply desire to state 
that there is a marked contrast in the records of the two men. It 
should not take a citizen long to decide that he should raise 
the moral tone of Richmond political life by putting into 
office a man of the standing of Hunsden Cary. AVhy is it 
that we insist on giving our votes to a man for a political 

12 The Idea. 

office who, if tie were contending for a private honor, would 
have no show whatever in competition with a man of the 
lofty ideals of a Gary ? Why is it that we have one standard 
of judging the fitness for political office and another for pri- 
vate trust? 

It is high time we were arousing ourselves to the point 
of giving some care to our city government before we are over- 
whelmed with such corruption as Pittsburg and 'Frisco, and 
other cities have found upon them. 

Richmond citizens could in no way serve their city bet- 
ter than by making such a man their attorney. They have 
an opportunity which seldom presents itself to a city, of plac- 
ing in authority not only a man who is not simply a negatively 
good man, but one who is actuated by the highest motives and 
ruled by the loftiest ideals. The highest compliment we can 
pay him is that the ring is absolutely against him, and cer- 
tain low elements are declaring for his opponent. 


We have just learned that the City Sergeant, Mr. Smith, 
last week, purchased a lot of decayed fish, which had already 
been discarded, and were ready to be thrown away, at an 
absurdly low price. These fish were for the prisoners at the 
jail. Yet Mr. Smith asks for our votes for City Sergeant. 
It strikes us that the citizens would do themselves a favor by 
voting for Mr. Satterfield, whose canvass has shown that the 
citizens have a right to expect from him an efficient and satis- 
factory management of this important office. 


Editor The Idea: — Permit me to congratulate the city 
that at last there is a publication absolutely fair and independ' 
ent and courageous. I do not wish to infer that our dailies 
are not doing good work — ^they are — ^but it cannot be denied 
by any impartial m'an that the papers of Richmond are haud- 
in-glove in many matters that affect the public weal to its 
detriment. The Idea Feems to fill a long-felt want, and it 
should receive a hearty welcome among all fair-minded people. 

The Idea. 13 

Its stand for civic righteousness will displease those who profit 
by evil means, but the Christian element will sustain you. Now, 
''hew to the line, let the chips fall where they may." 

June 15, 1909. T. H. K. 


Recently in the police court we saw violators of the law 
go scot free for some unknown reasons, and yet, when a police- 
miam told of arresting a poor negro boy on mere circumstantial 
evidence, and very weak evidence at that, for stealing a bag 
of coal from the C. & 0. Railway yards, the Police Justice 
gave the unfortunate fellow sixty days with not even a chance 
to refute the charge of the police. We have noticed bothi 
here and in Lynchburg that one charged with a petty offense 
against a railway company has no more show than the pro- 
verbial snowflake in the dominions of his satanic majesty. 

If, however, you steal a house, and steal enough money 
along with it, and the best kind of evidence is against you, 
you can get off scot free ; i. e., if you have any influence with 
those that rule the court. 

There will be some who will think, after carefully study- 
ing the red light bordy house question, that it is a greater evil 
than the saloon, but the saloon is far greater in that it is 
largely responsible for the other evil. 

Up in Lynchburg and Bristol, since the towns went dry, 
the bordy house business is on the decline. 

The dealer in prostitution knows that his or her business 
will decrease with the curtailing of the whiskey business, and 
this is why you find on a wet and dry election day the pros- 
titutes parading around, generally -in carriages, with red rib- 
bons on their dresses or their buggy whips. By the way, did 
you ever see a prostitute that ever wore a white ribbon bow 
on election day? Which side are you on — that of the decent 
women and children, or that of the vile prostitute? 

We are here to hit from the shoulder, you hnow. 

This little red paper is not published to veil our thoughts 

14 T h e I d e a. 

or to so twist the reason out of argument and thus make it 
please everybody. Oh, no! Everybody is not going to be 
pleased with The Idea. For we expect to say what we think 
and no two people think alike. Our object is to make you 
think, and you can't deny that we have accomplislied that. If 
you'll just keep thinking, you'll stay on the right track all 
Tight. We don't ask you to agree with us. 

The American people were not more oppressed in the 
days of the English tyrants than they are now, but then they 
knew who to fight. ISTow the tyrant is a class of their own 
kindred, which maintains its majesty by such secret and intri- 
cate means that it is almost impossible to frame the charge 
much less fix the blame. The tremendous fact, however, re- 
mains that Americans are in more abject slavery to'-day than 
ever in the past, as is evidenced by the disease that is fasten- 
ing its hold on the people and the sadness of dispair that is 
seen on the faces of an increasing number of the citizens 
brought about by the rapid rise in the prices of all things con- 
sumed with no corresponding rise in wages. We are profound- 
ly impressed with the belief that the next few years will wit- 
ness the overthrow of most of our public evils either by grad- 
ual evolution or hasty and destructive revolution. Unless the 
people 'are educated by the press to see the actual causes of 
existing evils, then we must exj)ect Anolcnce. 

If, on the other hand, the press is frank and faithful to 
the truth the people may be able, by the weapon of the ballot, 
to work out their own salvation without bloodshed. It is with 
the hope that this work on which we are now beginning in 
Itichmond will help the people to make their fight with the 
ballot that The Idea offers' itself to the public. 

There is nothing so potent to overcome evil as a knowl- 
edge of the truth — publicity shall be our vocation, and may 
The Idea do its part in freedom's cause. 

"I'll take some o' dat flesh-colored candy," said Sambo, 
the porter, as he pointed at the chocolate drops. 

T h e I d e a. 15 



(As announced last week, we give helow Mr. Neidig's 
excellent story of newspaper m<anagement as it appeared in 
La Follette's Magazine of January 9th. It will he of special 
interest to those who are interested in hnowing why the daily 
papers sometimes have nothing to say on questions of very 
much interest.) 


"So you've bought ?" 

"I've bought." Dorothy lingered on the steps a moment. 

"You don't like it," she said at last when he did not reply. 

"You know that I don't like it." His voice was grave 
aoid even, its tone that of a statement of fact, rather than of 
any displeasure. "You can't teach an old dog new tricks." 

Dorothy sniffed. "You don't understand, Richard. 
Men can't. They have everything they w^ant." 

"Oh, have they !" 

Dorothy returned up the steps. "Remiembier, you 'are 
not to bother me until Sunday." 

"ISTot bother you ?" said Richard, as he stood in the door, 
"I'll bother you to death!" 

The door closed and he walked off down the street. 

Dorothy Baker, the new owner, entered the editor's office 
and seated herself at the editor's desk. It Avas not a large 
room, but it was lighter than it had looked the day before. 

She remloved her hat, took off her gloves, opened the 
desk, wrote a few words acro'se a card, and rang the bell. 

"What is your name ?" she asked when the boy appeared. 

"John, ma'am." 

"John, will you take this card to Mr., McGill ?" 

"Yes, mia'am.", 

"I wonder what he will be like," she thought. "I hope 
he will be pleasant." 

While Dorothy was removing her gloves', the Business 
Manager of the Argus, in his own office, was weighing a fine 
"fat" advertising contract that has just been brought in by 

16 The Idea. 

Wylie, a free lance. The Business Manager laid hi® great 
bearded forefinger upon the contract. 

"So yon cinched young Mr. Brown!'' he said bluntly. 

Wylie was as pleased as a school boy over the praise 

"That's a gold-edge contract, ain't it? Twenty-five for 
two inches, two months. Why the rate is only fifteen, and 
you would take ten — you know you would, Mac." 

The Business Manager grunted. "What do you want for 

"What do I want ? Why, the square thing. Commission 
on the rate, seventy-five on the excess. Three seventy-five plus 
seven fifty. Eleven twenty-five." 

The Business Manager did not attempt to bargain with 
the solicitor. He knew that Wylie, while perhaps ready to 
accept a lower rate, would feel that he in some way had been 
cheated, and would sooner or later "get even" by turning in 
paper that would not collect. In the world's history, no busi- 
ness m'anager has ever succeeded in getting the better of a free 
lance. At the same time, no free lanoe will take advantage 
of a man "in the business," if he is treated with tactful trust. 

"Take it to the cashier." 

The solicitor blew his breath across the wet writing until 
the moisture was taken up by the paper ; then he lurched uncer- 
tainly toward the door. 

"Say, Mac, abont that two dollars — I'll pay you that on 

"All right, Wylie." 

The door closed softly. 

"He will, too, the scoundrel," said the Business Manager, 
affectionately. "Wylie's as honest as gold. I wonder what 
kind of hooks he's got into Brown?" 

"Heard you have a new editor," observed one of the 

The Business Manager leaned back in his chair and 

{To he Continued.) 


(The Brilliant author of the following lines, died prematurely in Danville, Va. , his old home, his 
death being hastened by strong drink:) 

I have been to the funeral of all my hopes, 

And entombed them one by one ; 
Not a tear was shed, not a word was said, 

When the mournful task was done. 

Slowly and sadly I turned me round ; 

And sought my silent room. 
And there alone, by the cold hearth-stone, 

I woo'ed the midnight gloom. 

And as the night wind's frowzy shade, 

Lowered above my brow, 
I wept over days, when manhood's rays 

Were brighter far than now. 

The dying embers on the hearth, 

Gave out their flickering light, 
As if to say, this is the way 

Thy life shall close in night. 

I wept aloud in anguish sore. 

O'er the blight of prospects fair; 
While Demons laughed, and eager quaffed 

My tears like nectar rare. 

Through hell's red halls an echo rang, 

An echo loud and long. 
As in the bowl I plunged my soul, 

In the might of madness strong: 

And there within that sparkling glass, 

I knew the cause to lie ; 
This all men own, from zone to zone. 

Yet millions drink and die. 

—Richard JV. Lyle. 






To the Boy selling the largest number of 

copies of The Idea for the month of July 

we will give a Handsome Watch^ and to 

the next nine we will give suitable 

prizes, to be announced later. 

Begin now by getting people to 

promise to take The Idea 

from you REGULARLY 

904 Capitol Street 
next door to Park 
Hotel, Corner 9th 
and Broad Streets 


At CHRISTIAN'S, Corner 22d and Clay 
And ABBOTT'S News-stand in Manchester 





Vol. Ill June 26, 1909 No. 4 

An Interview with the Mayor 
The Business Manager 
Duties of Police 

And Other Articles of Moment in this Number 

Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 


The folloixjing poem iL'hich ivent the rounds of the press about tivo years ago in a 
slightly altered form, seems so fitted to the purposes of our publication that ive present it in 
its present shape in the hope that its frequent repetition ivill make it familiar to all in 

The roses nowhere bloom so white 

As in Virginia; 
And nowhere shines the sun so bright 

As in Virginia; 
The birds nowhere sing so sweet, 
And nowhere hearts so Hghtly beat, 
For heaven and earth both seem to meet 

Down in Virginia. 

The days are never quite so long 

As in Virginia; 
Nor quite so filled with happy song 

As in Virginia; 
And when my time has come to die. 
Just take me back and let me lie. 
Close where the James goes rolling by 

In old Virginia. 

There nowhere is a land so fair 

As old Virginia; 
So full of song and free of care 

As old Virginia; 
And I believe that happy land 
The Lord's prepared for mortal man 
Is built exactly on the plan 

Of old Virginia. 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill JUNE 26, 1909 No. 4 

5 Cents a Copy 12.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yodeb, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Dangerous Doctrine 

Mayor Richardson on Oath 

Mayor Richardson in Office 


An interview with the Mayor, in which he takes 
the position that his oath is not binding 

In a former issue we showed that the law was being vio- 
lated in Eichmond, with the knowledge and sanction of the 
police and the Mayor. Since that time we have had an inter- 
view with the Mayor, in which he took the peculiar stand 
that conditions may exist, and do exist, under which his own 
personal opinion should have more weight in deciding his 
duty than his oath of office. 

In the conversation, the Mayor took the astounding posi- 

"2 T h e I d e a. 

tion that an executive officer had the right to igiiore the law 
if it was his opinion that to enforce the law would be un- 
wise. Think of it! The opinion of one man may set aside 
the la/w made by the people ! The servant of the people greater 
than the law that made him. The creature greater than the 
creator ! 

He was asVed if he knew that the law was being violated 
£agrantly here, under the very nose of the police. His answer 
was yes, but that since it was impossible to entirely break 
up the crime, he took the position that it was best to ignore 
the law and attempt to control the crime. 

We asked him if, since he could not stop the crime of 
murder by arresting for murder, he thought it wise to stop 
•enforcing that law. He thought that was different. We asked 
if he did not think it a dangerous principle for an executive 
•officer to say that his opinion of the worth of the law should 
have more weight than his oath of office. l!^o, he thought, 
that an executive should use his "discretion in the enforcing 
of all laws." 

Now, the point to be made here is this : That if such 
a position is tenable, then we might as well do away with all 

If a mayor has a right to say what laws he will enforce 
and what not, then why make any laws at all. 

As a matter of fact, we have put no such power into the 
Mayor's hands. We have made laws by our Legislature, and 
liere, and here only, does personal opinion have weight — in 
the making of the law, and not in the executing of it. The 
Legislature incorporates the city; decides what officers it shall 
have, and makes laws governing that city, and then permits 
that city to make certain minor laws and regulations carrying 
out the details of the general law. 

The office of Mayor is made by the State, and given du- 
ties not simply by State statute, but by the very Constitution 
of the State, and the Mayor's first duty is to the State, and 
before he goes into office he swears "to support the Constitu- 
tion of the State" before any other duties are enumerated. 
The oath he takes is as follows: 

" I, D. C. Richardson, do solemnly swear that I will 

T h e I d e a. 3 

■support the Constitution of the United States, and the Con- 
stitution of the State of Vir«^inia, ordained by the Conven- 
tion which assembled in the City of Richmond on the twelfth 
-day of June, 1901, and that I will faithfully and impar- 
tially discharge and perform all the duties incumbent npon 
me as Mayor, according to the best of my ability. So help 
me God ! " 

Thus we see that even if not only the Mayor, but if 
every citizen of the town should think a State law a bad one, 
the Mayor is bound by his oath to enforce it, for the Consti- 
tution which he siWears to enforce also says in Section 120, 
page 239, Code of Virginia: 

" The Mayor shall see that the duties of the various city 
•officers, members of the police force and fire departments 
* * * are faithfully performed." and then, in Section 
3927 of the Cod© in defining what these "duties of the police 
are," says : " It shall be the duty of said police to appre- 
hend and carry before a justice, to be dealt with according 
to law, all persons whom they may be directed by the war- 
rant of a justice to apprehend, or whom they have cause to 
suspect have violated, or intend to violate any law of the 

We, therefore, find that the individual policeman is not 
only bound by oath to "apprehend" or arrest without any 
• orders from anybody else, but that the Mayor is the recog- 
nized head and the only recognized hea.d of the Police Depart- 
ment, and he swears to see to it that each officer does enforce 
all the laws of the State, and the oath does not have added, 
"Provided I think it wise," or "in my discretion," or "The 
Mayor may take what he considers a common-sense view of 
it." 'No, it says nothing of the kind. He swears away his 
private opinions of expediency, and agrees on oath to be- 
come the arm of the State, with an absolutely fixed duty con- 
cerning which he has no volition other than given him by 
that law. 

Now, of course, the law gives the Mayor, as magistrate, 
;as any other judge or judicial officer, certain limits within the 
■ law^ For instance, a judge may give a criminal from one 
'.to one hundred days in jail for a given offense, as the law 

4 The Idea. 

may direct, using his own discretion as to what is best for 
the State within the limits of that law, but there is nowhere 
any provision for his doing away with the law or any part 
of it. The people alone, through their representatives, can 
do that, and the servant of the people, the Mayor, must agree 
to obey the people. If they have made a mistake, that's not 
his business. If you have a servant, and order him to per- 
form a duty, and with a full knowledge -of what that duty is, 
if he should swear to do it, and then refuse to do it on the 
grounds that you did not know what was best for yourself, 
would you not discharge that servant ? 

Such is the case of Mayor Richardson. He says: "I 
do solemnly swear" to do this, and then he says, "T do not 
think it wise" to keep my oath. 

Nowi, there are different opinions, of course, as to the 
advisability of certain laws. Just now we will not consider 
that. If laws should be repealed, lets ask the Legislature 
to repeal them. But while they exist we should insist that 
the Mayor keep his oath. 

Our opinions are only opinions, and if we permit such 
things to do away with statutes and constitutions, and oaths 
and duties, then we are indeed unfit to govern ourselves. 

Will lake Mayor to Court 

To Compel Law Enforcement 

The Idea will take proper legal steps 

We have gotten so used to having men in office whom we 
did not expect to enforce the law that we have gotten cal- 
lous and hardened to it, and do not know of any way of 
remedying. There is a way, however, and The Idea will take 
the proper steps to have the law enforced. 

In standing for law enforcement, we are not standing 
for a fight against Mayor Richardson the man — ^the individ- 

The Idea. 5 

ual. We will, however, oppose Mr. Kichardson, the Mayor, in 
his present policy of \win^ing at crime. 

He knows that the laws against gambling are being vio- 
lated. The police know that these laws are being violated. 
They know that the laws against prostitution are being fla- 
grantly and openly violated under cover of the police, and 
the police admit that they not only know it, but know the 
names of the violators. They say it is their business to know 
their names. They know that whiskey is being illegally sold 
in these brothels at high prices. They know that the price of 
beer at these blind tigers is one dollar a round: One dollar 
for one ; or one dollar for two ; or one dollar for five. They 
knowt that wines and other drinks are also to be had for the 
price in these midnight dens. They know that young men 
under twenty years of age can be seen at any time patron- 
izing these places, and yet they say, "We have them under 
control," and if you push them close, they say, "You can't 
have perfect government." "Other cities have such sections." 
As if Richmond should sanction vice and crime just because 
forsooth, other towns do. Let Richmond be first among the 
cities of the Commonwealth! Let Richmond be first among 
the cities of the country ! But if Richmond continues in its 
present policy, let Richmond take care that it be not last. A 
Richmond gentleman, who had traveled over Europe, had seen 
the tenderloins of Paris and London and New York, said the 
other day that Richmond was the worst place he had seen in 
this respect. We do not agree with him, and yet, what a 
shame to have Richmond compared with such seats of vice ; 
with New York, where the sale of prostitution has corrupted 
politics and officers high up in the political life of the city. 
It has tainted the bench, bribed juries; made mayors and 
corrupted the voter. 

Now, we are sure the good people of Richmond 'Will not 
stand for this, and we are now ready to put into effect plans 
provided by State law to compel the enforcement of those 

The law provides that the State courts "may remove the 
Mayor of said city from office for malfeasance or misfeasance, 
or gross neglect of official duty," and the policy of the Mayor 

6 The Idea. 

in refusing to attempt to enforce the law will come under at 
least two of these causes enumerated above as ground for re- 
moval. The law further provides that all such proceedings 
against a mayor "shall be by order of or motion before said 

Therefore, it becomes the duty, implied in the law, for 
the Hustings Court to enter proceedings "by order of" the 
court. In the event that the Mayor does not proceed to his 
duties as defined by the law herein set forth, and the proper 
court fails to take cognizance of it by issuing the proper order 
for proceedings, to compel such law enforcement, then The 
Idea will take the necessary steps to compel the Mayor either 
to enforce the law or vacate his office. 

We do not desire to have to take this step, but in the 
name of good government we will do it if it becomes neces- 
sary. We trust the Mayor will see his duty and relieve us 
of this disagreeableness. 


We state elsewhere the law concerning the duty of the 
individual police. We would call attention of each police- 
man to the fact that he is to look to no one of the Police 
Commissioners for instructions as to his duties. His duties 
are clearly defined by law, and no one can do away with 
that law; not even the 'Mayor himself. The only connection 
anyone has with the police force is to see that he does his 
duty, but no one can outline a policy for him. 

When "a secret power" intimates to the police what 
he shall do and what not do, then it is the duty of the offi- 
cer to ignore that power, and we promise any officer that 
if there is any personal reason wh}^ he feels he cannot en- 
force the law as he sees it, that if he will take a bold stand 
on the side of his duty, The Idea will see to it that he does 
not lose out. We know that men on the police force are 
prevented from doing their duty by those higher up, ana 
we want them to feel that -they have a voice that will de- 

The Idea. T 

fend their acts in this publication. In the past individual 
police have stood out against the ring that would hold them 
down, and siich individuals have been backed by the good 
people of Richmond, and have gained by it. Let no one fear 
to do his duty. 

Section 1017a of the Code, says: "It shall be the duty 
of each and every one of such policemen to use his best en- 
deavors to prevent the commission within the said city or 
town of offenses against the laiWs of said Commonwealth, and 
against the laws, ordinances and regulations of said city or 
town; to observe and enforce all such laws, ordinances and 
regulations; to detect and arrest offenders against the same^ 
etc." Thus you see the State gives directly to the police his 
duty, and does not say he shall be governed by any body 
or individual as to the law enforcement. 

The law gives the police broad authority further, by 
stating: "The officers and privates constituting the police 
force of the cities, etc. * * * shall be, and are hereby, 
invested with all the power and authority which now belong 
to the office of constable at common law, in taking cogniz- 
ance of and in enforcing the criminal lawte of the Common- 

This is a thing that citizens often forget, that police 
as State officers have duties which no authority can change, 
and yet, here in Richmond, we have police who don't enforce 
State law because certain secret powers don't want them to. 
Let these police beware, and enforce the law, and the good 
people of Richmond will rally to their support. 

Is there not in Richmond one policeman wbo will regard 
his sworn duty above the power of any individual to do him 

In the next number we will expose more of the Police 
Court methods and practices. Articles are also under way 
concerning the detailed expenditures of the city departments, 
showing when the taxpayer comes in and how his money is 
wasted. We will also soon expose the Bell Telephone Com- 
pany's methods. 

8 The Idea. 

If you want to know why the Richmond papers can't 
publish all the facts, read " The Business Manager," in this 

We shall have no strife with individuals 
as individuals. If they serve special interests, 
to the injury of the public, they are enemies of 
the public. Against them as enemies of the pub- 
lic we shall make war. — La Follettes. 

The good people of Richmond who voted for Mayor Rich- 
ardson do not know it, but it is true that if the powers be- 
hind the throne had not known that he would not do certain 
things usually expected of a Mayor, they would not have 
permitted his election. 



(Concluded from last issue.) 

"Sure. Good man. Just out of college. He's got a lit- 
tle money. Bill says. Bill sold out to him last night. His 
name's Baker." 


"Haven't seen him." 

It was at this moment that the office boy entered with 
Dorothy's card. The Business Manager took it absently, read 
it, turned it over, frowned, and read it again. 

"This is not intended for me," he said. 

"Yes, sir. For you, sir. Mr. McGill, sir." 

"Who sent it?" 

"The lady in the back office, sir. She says as can you 
come in some time during this morning, sir." 

"Good Lord^ a woman!" 

"Yes, sir." 

"I'll have nothing to do with her! Tell her she can go t(» 
the devil for all of me." 

"Yes, sir. I'll tell her, sir." 

The office boy backed out of the door. 

"T" h e I d e a. 9 

"Hold on !" cried the Business Manager. "Don't tell her 
that. Tell her I'll be in presently." 

"Yes, sir." 

"How old is she ? 

"I don't know, sir." 

"Well, what are you standing there for ? Tell her I'll 
be in presently." 

The Business Manager walked nervously backward and 
forward across the room for some minutesi without speak- 
ing, and then brought his huge fist down with a crash upon 
his desk. . 

"Curse Bill for a liar and a swindler, tO' sell out to 'a 
woman!" he said. "I won't stand for a woman!" 

The new editor worked day and night at her desk, and 
at last had the satisfaction of seeing her first number in proof. 

The paper, she explained in her leading article, was to be 
fearless and independent, as it had been in the past. It was to 
subserve no interests but those of the public. It was to be 
merciless in the exposure of evil wherever found. The princi- 
pal editorial followed. It was a careful weighing of the ad- 
vantages of municipal ownership, with respect especially to 
the water service of the city. Concrete comparisons were 
made between the cost of water under private management 
and the cost in cities where the municipality owned the plant. 
From the figures given, Dorothy was able to draw some 
pointed conclusions regarding the cost and efficiency of the 
local service. 

She was reading the page proofs of that first number 
when the Business Mianager burst into the office. 

"Miss Baker," he said, "what is this attack on the Water 
Company ?" And he laid his great finger against the column. 

"Why," said Dorothy, "what is the matter with it ?" 

"You don't understi^nd, Miss Baker. The Water Company 
is one of our most liberal contributors." 

"Contributors ? Writing ?" Dorothy was puzzled. 

"Money," said the Business Manager, shortly. 

Dorothy grew white and her fingers trembled. She was 
not sure that she heard aright. She drew herself up. 

10 The Idea. 



"I think," she said in a level voice, "that the article had 
better stand as it is. We do' not need that kind of money." 

She expected a storm, but instead the Business Manager 
became suddenly mild-mannered and acquiescent. 

"Just so you understand," he explained. "It will show 
them that they can't buy us, won't it?" he continued. "Maybe 
it will do some good." 

"A weak, unprincipled, vacillating man," thought Dor- 
othy, m he left the room. "You have to be firm with these 
people. I think that he has been given a new idea with re- 
gard to editorial independence." 

Could she have followed his movements during the next 
five minutes she would have seen her mistake. The Business 
Manager went straight to the composing room and ordered 
the offending article forwith to the "dead" galley. 

"Close up the editorials," he said to the foreman, "and 
fill out the page with guff. You needn't send a proof to the 
laidy. What under heaven does a woman know about water 
companies, anyhow?" 

When the Argus appeared next day Dorothy found to her 
amazement that her carefully considered leader was followed 
by an article on "Kaffir Head-Dresses," and that the kernel 
of the page, the attack on the Water Company, was nowhere 
in sight. 

Dorothy was shown into a small office in the rear of the 
banking room. Five or six others were in the room ahead of 
her. She had never before called on Richard at his place of 
business, and found it hard to realize that all these people 
were waiting to see him. 

At last her turn came and she was admitted into the inner 
office. The dignity of his position seemed to invest Richard 
with an authority she had never before noticed. She seated 
herself humbly before him and awaited his pleasure. It was 
a moment or two before he looked up. • 

"Dorothy!" he cried, his eyes alight with pleasure. 

"Please don't, Richard," she said. "This is business. I 
am in trouble. I want your advice." 

The Idea. 11 

She hurriedly explained the reason of her call. The 
Business Manager that morning had told her, kindly but 
cleiarly, that a heavy assessment would have tc be levied upon 
the stock. The banks, he said, had refused to renew a loan, 
because of one of her editorials. 

"It is not that I cannot afford the assessment," she said, 
"but somehow so'mething about it seems wrong." 

Eichard aimlessly drew peonies on his letter-pad till she 
had finished. "He's trying to force you out," he said at last. 
"I isnppose he thinks that because you tare a woman that you 
will let him. Tell him I'll renew his loan." 

Dorothy rose to go. She looked at Richard — clean^ 
strong and wise, enlisted in her service. Her face was white 
and there was an uncertainty about the lines of her mouth 
that had been absent hitherto. 

Richard hesitated a moment; then he wrote a few lines 
upon a slip of paper. 

"I see you intend to fight," he continued. "ISTow, I own 
four dust-covered shares of Argus stock that no one knows 
anything about. It isn't worth very much, but we bankers 
never throw anything away that has shares written on it. Let 
me make you a loan of it for the time being. Vote it with 
your own, and send Mr. McGill about his business." 

He did not think it necessary to explain that he had 
bought the stock of a water-front politician at ten times its 
value, not three days before. 

In the fourth week of Dorothy's editorship an annoying 
fact came to her notice. She found her editorial page sud- 
denly encroached upon by an advertisement across the foot — 
an advertisement for a Mexican lottery. As the leading arti- 
cle of the issue was in condemnation of gambling machines, 
and incidentally of lotteries, she sent for the Business Man- 

The Business Manager held out the page at arm's' 
length. "Oh, let it go," he said. "It's not for the mail 

"Attack the lotteries in one breath, and advertise them in 
the next?" 

12 The I dea. 

"So we do! That's on them, isn't it!" 

Dorothy was nettled. She explained that the tone of the 
paper required the exclusion of the advertisement, and when 
that argument had no effect she boldly made the issue that the 
contract for the space would have to be broken. 

"It can't run, and that is all there is to it." 

The Business Manager changed his manner, "Miss 
Baker," he said, "you don't iseem to understand. I'm the bus- 
iness manager of this paper. You're only the editor — see? 
When I want business advice from you I'll ask for it." 

"It is you who do not understand," said Dorothy, coldly, 
^'that I am in control of this paper." 

The Business Manager made no further pretense of 
courtesy. "You in control ?" he snarled. "You ? On Bill Yar- 
row's forty-eight shares? Good Lord!" 

Dorothy fumbled among her pigeon-holes until she found 
Richard's note. She handed it to the Business: Manager. 

"Fifty-two, Mr. McGill, please." 

For the moment the Business Manager was speechless 
with wrath; then he found his tongue. Raising his voice, he 
spoke to Dorothy as she had never been spoken to before. He 
tore the veil away from the Argus and from those who made 
it. She had supposed him stubborn, she had supposed him 
insensible to the subtler distinctions between good and evil; 
she had not supposed him quite what he was. The revelation 
took the form of an arraignment .of herself. She sat with 
heaving breast and downcast eyes, her hands clutching in the 
folds of her dress until he was through. 

• "The tone of the paper!" she heard him say. "Your 
duty to your subscribers ! Your subscribers ! Do you know who 
are the subscribers for your paper? The Water Company! 
the Heilman Railroad ! the Aikens Steel" Works ! that's who ! 
And the Street Car Company! and old man Borchers ! 
You're on his pay-roll, along with Councilman Rainer and 
Boss Slaker." 

Dorothy did not attempt to stem the torrent of his scorn. 
He was telling her at last what she most desired to know. The 
Business Manager went on, in tense, nervous utterance. 

T h e i d e a. 13 

''The tone of the paper ! You're squeamish enough about 
the only square ad. in the paper, because it advertises a lot-' 
tery and you're afraid people will notice, but you'll blink at 
the crooked ones all day if only nobody can find out ! They . 
pay in good money, and you have to have gloves and fans! ' 
How much do you suppose space in the Argus is actually , 
worth? It isn't worth twenty-two cents, and you know it! 

"I don't see why you bought into this paper, anyhow. ' 
The whol? thing is a swindle, according to your views. This 
leathrr ad. for instance — how many readers of the Argus do 
you suppose buy leather belting ? Or copper wire ? A pure 
steal, nothing less. That leather ad. was brought in by a dis- 
honest buyer for a manufacturing syndicate. He buys belting 
from these advertisers for more than it is worth, and then 
asks them to advertise in the Argus, and I pay him his cash 
commission. Nice business, isn't it ? Gleam money ! The 
man's married and has two children. This steam engine ad. 
came through the same agency, and this, and this, and this." 

He leaned over the top of Dorothy's desk. 

"I tell you, there isn't a square ad. in your paper from 
heading to tail-period, for all your pretentions of virtue. 
Tone of the paper! Know how you get this artificial stone 
ad ? Burns has a crooked deal on with the people in the city 
hall for the laying of stone walks in front of absentee prop- 
erty. Charges six prices and divides. Advertises to keep 
from being exposed. 

Dorothy sat motionless, with pained eyes. Her head' 
ached; she was sick at heart. He told of these things as 
though they were the commonplaces of business life, as. 
though it were all a part of the business game. And then he 
mentioned Kichard's name, and the world began to whirl 
round and round before her eyes until she had no sense of di- 
rection left. 

"Blackmail, why don't you say? Solicitor saw the man- 
ager in a dive and got an ad. to keep his mouth shut. Or take 
this foundry ad. of your friend Richard Bro^^Ti. Brown gave 
my man Wylie this ad. to keep his mouth shut— I leave you 
to guess the occasion." 

14 The Idea. 

Dorothy motioned him away wearily. "I wish that you 
would leave me/' she said. "It doesn't do any good to talk so," 

The Business Manager hardly heard her. "I admit 
you're in control all right," he continued, ''and you can throw 
me over if you want to, with Brown's stock. Oh, I can see 
your moral position plain enough. It's to preserve the tone of 
the paper ! I don't even guess how you came into possession 
of this timely stock. I don't even guess ! You and Richard 
Bro^vn ! Both honorable people !" 

Dorothy rose to her feet, her eyes blazing. "Leave my of- 
fice this instant!" she cried. 

McGill looked at her curiously, as though he were onlv 
now aware of her presence ; then he set his teeth upon his cigar 
and stood rigid, facing her. He stood there for all of a long 

A final insolent leer, and a final insolent word; then, 
turning upon his heel, he left the room. When he had gone 
she locked the door, sank down at her desk, buried her face 
in her arms and sobbed as though her heart would break. 

Richard opened the packet in amazement ; then he 
snatched his hat, made for a cab, and in ten jumps was at 
Dorothys' door. Dorothy not in the house ? How long had she 
been gone ? It was very important that he should see her. Did 
they suppose that she w^as at the Argus office? He would look 
in and see. He ran his horses down town and in a reasonably 
short time found himself in the editor's office. And no Dorothy 
there ! Then he raced back to her home. 

Dorothy closed down her desk and went straight to her 
room. Richard, her white knight, of all men, to have a skel- 
eton in his closet! Richard to be obliged to purchase vulgar 
secrecy of a man about town! Richard the wise, the honest, 
the defender of good deeds ! It was too horrible to believe. 

She did not know yet whether or not she believed it; but 
she gathered together her cherished trinkets in a pile upon her 
bed, and set about doing things that had to be done. Almost 
any woman would have believed it. According to the logic of 
the plain evidence, Richard was in the power of a common 
scoundrel, a man who traded upon his knowledge of rich men's 

T h e I d e a. 15 

faults. The advertisement was merely so much huah-money. 
Dorothy's friendship — hush-money for it. His mother's pride 
and trust — hush-money bought it. His position in society, his 
reputation for honesty and truth — purchased, all of it, with 
hush-money. There was only one thing to do, after that. 

And so she collected his letters and his picture; and she 
■stripped his ring from her finger; and she added the baubles 
:and trinkets that he had given her at one time or another ; and 
sent them all back to him without so much as a note of explan- 
ation. And Richard received them so, and was now frantically 
trying to find her ! 

Dorothy never knew where she went that afternoon, nor 
what she did. Towards evening she returned to her desk on 
the Argus, from force of habit. She was at work there, ar- 
ranging some correspondence, when the door opened softly. 
Behind her, hat in hand, stood a man. Apparently he had 
T^een drinking. 

"Where's Mac ?" he asked. "You're Argus's much as Mac, 
aren't you ma'am. Lend me two dollars till Mac comes, 

" I don't know you," said Dorothy in surprise. 

"Oh, I'm all right. I'm Wylie. I know you, all right. 
Tou're Miss/ Dorothy Baker. I found some letters of yours 

"Letters of mine?" 

"Yes'm. Your picture, too. That's — tiiat's how I know 
you. I took them to Mr. Brown," he persisted. "He knows 
_you, too." 

The mention of Eichard's name sent the blood in a tor- 
Tent to her face. She suddenly became interested, 

"You took them to Mr. Brown. Took what?" 

"Why, your letters. Yes'm. Your letters. He lost them. 

"You wrote him letters and he lost them." 

"When was this ?" Dorothy managed to ask. 

"He was white. Brown was. Gave me a good ad. for the 
Argus. That's his ad. on page three, under your hand. He's 
.a fine man — a fine man. He's a fine man. 

The advertisement indicated was the one that had cansed 

16 The Idea. 

all the trouble ! So that was how Richard had to buy silence I 
Dorothy sprang, to her feet. 

"I have an important engagement," she said hastilj^. "I 
have no change, but here is ai bill for you. Please help me to 
find a cab." She closed her desk with a crash, slammed the 
door and hurried over to the elevator. 

But that was as far as she got. She rang the bell^ the car 
stopped at her floor, the gate apened for her. The next thing 
she knew she found her way blocked by Richard. His face was 
drawn and white. 

"Dorothy," he cried. 

"Richard! It was all a mistake!" she gasped. 

Richard gently drew her aside. "Tell me about it," he 
said. "I told you I'd bother you to death !" After which there 
was nothing for her to do but to invite him into her office. 

"Richard," said Dorothy, "you were right about the old dog 
and the new tricks. The Argus is beyond hope. And I've sent 
away the only business manager who could ever make the paper 

"Since there is a vacancy to fill," persisted Richard, "why 
not let me be your business manager?" 

"You could not make the paper pay." 

"What of that?" 

"The sheriff would close you out inside of a week." 

"What of that ?" 

"We'd have to suspend publication." 

"What of that?" 

"I believe, Richard," said Dorothy, looking him over, 
"that I will make you my business manager, after all. You 
seem- to understand the needs of the Argus better than any 
other man I have ever known." 

And it was so arranged. 



And am I sober now, 

Or am I drunk? 
At least you will admit 

I have not shrunk 
From calling spades by name, 
Nor ever yet 
Have sold my birthright for 

A pot of junk! 

— Elbert Hubbard 


^ Newsboys! 


To the Boy selling the largest number of 

copies of The Idea for the month of July 

we will give a Handsome Watch ^ and to 

the next nine we will give suitable 

prizes, to be announced later. 

Begin now by getting people to 


promise to take The Idea 

from you REGULARLY 




904 Capitol Street 

next door to Park 

Hotel, Comer 9th 

and Broad Streets 

Jefiferson Pressing Club, 22d and Broad Sts. 

MODEL NEWS CO., 519 W. Broad St. 

And ABBOTT'S News-stand in Manchester 





Vol. Ill Julv 3, 1909 No. B 

$7,500 00 Steal 

Feel Qrafl, Breathe Graft 

Chief of Police Scared 

The Idea to Enforce t!ie Law through the Courts 

Richmond Papers Unfair 

Mystery — A Poem 

Announccmcn(s and other Articles of Moment in this Number 

Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol ft., Richmond, Va, 



Down near the end of the wandering lane, 

That runs 'round the cares of the day. 
Where Conscience and Memory meet and explain 

Their quaint little quarrels away, 
A misty air-castle sits back in the dusk. 
Where brownies and hobgoblins dwell. 

And this is the home 

Of a busy old gnome. 
Who is making up dream things to sell. 

My dear. 
The daintest dream things to sell. 

He makes golden dreams out of wicked men's sighs. 

He weaves on the thread of a hope 
The airest fancies of pretty brown eyes, 

And patterns his work with a trope. 
The breath of a rose and the blush of a wish 

Boiled down to the ghost of a bliss. 

He wraps in a smile 

Every once and awhile 
And calls it the dream of a kiss. 

Dear heart. 
The dream of an unknown kiss. 

Last night when I walked through the portals of sleep 

And came to the weird little den, 
I looked in the place where the elfman should keep 

A dream- that I buy now and then, 
'Tis only the sweet, happy dream of a day — 
Yet one that I wish may come true — 
But I learned from the elf 
That you'd been there yourself. 
And he'd given my dream to you. 

—William Allen White. 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill JULY 3, I90y No. 5 

5 CjiNTS A Copy |2.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yodee, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 


Chief Afraid to lalk 

Knows he Can't Defend his Acts 

A Double Charge against both Mayor and Chief. 
The idea to institute proceedings. 

On Tuesday of this week we called on the Chief of Police 
to ascertain why the police are instructed to ignore their duty 
and their oaths in reference to" law enforcement. When we 
asked Mr. Werner why the police were instructed to ignore 
the law when certain parties were violators, he answered — and 
it sounded like he was trying to quote word for word what he 
had been told — "I shall have to refuse to answer you." 

We asked ''Why ?" 

And he replied, ''Because you are publishing The Idea."" 
Which, being inter2>rete;d, ni€<ans — my position is so defence- 
less that I'd rather keep quiet than to give myself away. 

The chief knows that he has not onlv violated his oath in 

2 The Idea. 

not enforcing the law, but that he is doubly guilty in that he 
issues orders to the police restraining them from keeping their 
oaths. He prevents officers from doing their duty. He not 
only as a State officer refuses to do a State duty, but he "in- 
terferes with other officers in the performance of their duties." 

And The Idea charges that any man, be he chief or 
mayor, or the humblest citizen who takes an oath toi serve his 
state, and then after getting into 'office violate® that oath, is a 
traitor to his state, and the citizens should demand his official 

Now The Idea will act for the citizens who have felt all 
along that they could not get the laws enforced. We will show 
the officers — or rather, these servants of the people that there 
is a power in the machinery of justice to compel them to do 
their duty. We count ourselves fortunate in being able to 
make the following announcement concerning our financial 
backing : 

In the last few days very wealthy interests have offered 
The Idea their moral and financial backing to employ a fear- 
less and wise lawyer to prosecute those who have refused to 
obey the law, or get a mandamus to compel them to obey the 
law. These men, elected to serve the people, have turned upon 
the people who elected themi and said, we will not only not 
obey the order of you, our masters, but we actually defy you 
to try to make us regard our oaths. The Idea, in the name 
of the law abiding citizens of Richmond, is now formulating 
its case and will shortly announce the name of an attorney 
who will compel the servants to obey or have these servants 

There are those who profess to believe that The Idea 
has started out for the purpose of making money and that we 
will shortly go to pieces. 

We will show them that we have started out io spend 
some money in cleaning the political and moral atmosphere 
not only of Richmond, but of every city in the State. 

When we have shown Virginians that they 'are not the 
slaves to the petty politicians they thought they were — ^when 
we have shown them that there is a way to make a servant 
serve instead of boss, when we have put on trial men high up 

The Idea. 3 

in the judicial aud executive brauclies of the goveniiiient, and 
when these men have to step down and out or go io jail and 
give place to men whose oaths and whose deeds can be made to 
agree, then indeed will the cities throughout Virginia demand 
that their petty servants also get busy land th^re will ensue in 
Virginia a season of law enforcement which shall give the lie 
direct to those who say "prohibition don't prohibit," or "our 
mayor won't prosecute the big evil-doer." 

We take this stand in the name of law and order, and we 
are confident what the result will be. 

Bevrare! Mr. Mayor, Beware! 

Beware! Mr. Chief, Beware! 

We quietly told the Chief of Police as we left him that 
we would take other means to know why he would not enforce 
the law and we have taken them and we l:now that he don't 
enforce the law because he is not big enough to do his duty of 
his own initiative and he is held under the thumb of those who 
know how to manage him land get him into trouble. IsTow 
there are two things he can do. He can say to those who 
would boss him, — "Henceforth I will do my duty regardless of 
what any one says as to loosing my job. I will enforce the 
law and if the police commissioners or the mayor demand my 
resignation I will take it before the people and rest my case 
with them." And we will guarantee that the people will stand 
by him. On the other hand he can say, — "I'm not man 
enough to fight the ring that keeps the law from, being enforced, 
so I'll just do as I am told and keep quiet." And we'll 
promise him that he'll find himself in the hands of the courts, 
whose laws in this respect are so plain that they will land him 
without the pale of office. 

Beware ! Beware ! Beware ! 

"The idea sometimes expressed that judges on the bench 
are above criticism in a democracy like ours is not tenable. 
Our courts require the most constant scrutiny and the sharpest 
solicitude on the part of citizens to keep them above suspicion. 
It would be ridiculous. . . to assume that po'litical lawyers . . . 
are suddenly transformed into human paragons. . . . The 
American bench will be respected purely on its merits, and not 

4 The Idea. 

hrongh the preacliing of the doctrine of exaggerated respect 
for the courts regardless of the character and conduct of the 
judges." — Editorial Jan'y Review of Revieios. 

$7,500.00 STEAL 

Graft in the Council 

How the People Pay the Bill on the Million and 
a Half Bond issue 

City Engineer estimates that it will take a year 
to spend the money. 

The council has just sold bonds amounting to $1, 500,000 
in one lump sum at par. 

These bonds of the city with the credit Richmond has, 
were sold 'hurriedly at par and individual bidders ' were not 
permitted to buy small sums of these bonds, although there 
are many Eichmonders and others who would gladly have got- 
ten them at more than par and would not have taxed the city 
any cO'mmission for selling them. 

Yet the city council sold them without giving the small 
bidder a chance and thus lost to the city large sums of money, 
but what is worse than this is the fact that the taxpayers of 
Richmond will have to pay interest at four per cent, on this 
bond issue until it is paid for and the city engineer informs us 
that it will take about a year to spend this million and a half, 
and we are reliably infoTmed that it may take two years or 
more. That means that this money will lay idle in bank and 
we will receive only three per cent, on it, thus losing one per 
cent, by borrowing money (for that is what issuing bonds is), 
before we need it. ISTow one per cent, lost on a million and a 
half dollars for an average of six months is $7,500, tliat we. 

The Idea. 5 

the citizens, lay out in interest on borrowed money just in order 
to keep a big bank account. And the tax payer don't kick be- 
cause the newspapers don't expose these rascals. 

Later we will have a more detailed statement to makfe 
concerning these big deals pulled off publicly without a word 
of criticism on the part of the press, to whom we naturally 
look to protect us from mismanagement and graft. We will 
show why these papers keep quiet. We will show where they 
come in. 


We print below, without 'asking his consent, a letter from 
Mr. R. S. Barbour, of -the Barbour Bugg;)' Ool, of South Bos- 
ton, which speaks for itself. It seems to be a pretty general 
view elsewhere than in Richmond that the Richmond daily 
papers are bought out by the- whiskey interests. 

June 16, 1909. 
Mr. Adox Yodek, 

904 Capitol St., 

Richmond, Va. 

Dear Sir: — I accidentally got hold of one of your Ideas 
this morning and I enjoyed reading it very much and I want 
to congratulate you on the firm and fearless stand you are 
taking in fighting the great evils that now exist in our country, 
and I believe if you will continue this fight you will do an im- 
mense amount of good in opening the eyes of the public to the 
great evils that exist, in our cities especially, to-day. I hope 
it may be your pleasure to put your periodical in the hands of 
our newsboy here as I want to get a copy of it every time it 
comes out. If I cannot get it through the newsboy, kindly 
let me know and I will send you my subscription direct. 

I congi-atulate you heartily on the fearless way in which 
you attack the strong hands of Satan through our servants, 
and I am certain you will do great good. I want to heartily 
commend what vou have to sav about the miserable unfair re- 

« The Idea. 

ports given by the Press generally, and especially the Times- 
Dispatch regarding tlie Anti-Saloon League work, as they have 
been mianifestly unfair in every particular, and I have recently 
had quite a hot correspondence with Mr. Jno. S. Bryan along 
that line. I am indeed glad to know that there is one periodical 
in the city of Richmond that will spoak out in no uncertain 
tonus and language for the "DRY" side. 

Yours very truly, 

RSB— F. R. S. Barbour. 



The Idea takes pleasure in announcing that the com- 
plete edition of the last two numbers of The Idea were in 
each case exhausted within a few hours after placing them on 
sale. ' The average number of copies placed in circulation dur- 
ing the past four weeks in which The Idea has been published 
has been slightly over 5,200 copies per issue. 

To ADVERTISERS the abovo fact should be especially in- 
teresting as an ad. placed in The Idea has not only a circu- 
lation of so many actual copies but it should be borne in mind 
that an ad. in The Idea will be read by from three to five 
people for each number making an ad. placed before 15,000' 
people at the small present rate of $10 a page. Hand bills 
to reach this number of people, printed on the cheapest of 
paper would cost delivered, infinitely more than the small sum 
of $10.00 and then in all probability would not be read by one 
out of every ten who receives them. Our advertising space 
will be limited so that one carrying an ad. with us can' be sure 
that his ad. will be seen. This is not true of an ad. in a 
daily paper. Daily paper ads. are so numerous that no one 
can attempt to see them all. Then lastly magazine ads. are 
in permanent form; — ^the magazine will lay around on your 
table for a month, while the daily paper will be destroyed to- 
morrow. Each magazine ad. will be read by several times as 
many people 'as read a daily paper ad. 

The Idea. 7 



Our time -has been so limited that we have to take this 
means of replying to the many expressions of good will and 
goodspeed we have received in the past weeks. It has been no 
little pleasure to us to have received from the good citizens of 
Richmond so many communications both by mail and in per- 
son commending our efforts at exposing the evil. Men in 
lall walks of life — business men, lawyers, doctors, merchants, 
preachers, teachers, contractors, mechanics, etc., have called 
or written to thank and to offer their aid in making our goodly 
city what it should be, the very best in the land. We regTet 
that we have not space to reproduce letters received, not only 
from residents of Richmond, but from others throughout the 
State, for The Idea — ^be it known — has a goodly circulation, 
not only in Richmond, but in Lynchburg and many other 
towns and even in many other States. 


When you see an ad. for some baby food you will nearly 
always find in it a picture of a healthy fine looking baby. 
The advertiser wants to lay stress on the good results gained 
by using his food, so he shows the picture of one who has used 
it ; — he shows the finished 'product. 

When you read an ad. for a hog food you will see a pic- 
ture of a fine fat hog in 4t. Likewise with poultry and all 
manner of stock foods ; the advertiser in each case shows you 
the effect his food will have on the user by picturing to you 
the finished product. On the other hand when a whiskey ad- 
vertiser wants to advertise his wares he does not show you a 
picture of a drunkard; which is his finished product. Oh no, 
he appeals to your appetite alone. He appeals to you to 
ignore the results in seeking short and present pleasure. He 
appeals to passion rather than to reason, and instead of show- 
ing you a drunkard he is careful, if he give any picture what- 
ever, to show you that of an innocent girl, healthy, and strong, 
and beautiful as a result of the fact that she is not onlv inno- 

S The Idea. 

cent, but her parents looked after her health bj not 
drinking themselves. Did you know that whiskey and other 
strong drink always is likely to injure the health of your chil- 
dren much more than it appears to injure yoiir own. Creation 
bas made man so strong that it takes a generation for his sins 
to have their results. 

What do some of our prominent politicians and lawyers 
mean when they say — If I should tell what I know, there would 
be a lot of people who would go and jump in the river. 

It is a said state of affairs for an individual or a city to 
be told by the servants when they ask their servants concern- 
ing their business, "I can't talk, but there is a lot of rascality 
going on," or "my hands are tied for if I tell what I know it 
would be traced to m© and I'd lose my job." 

"We understand that the corrupt politicians and whiskey 
people axe going to publish a magazine to defend their evil 
deeds against the onslaughts of The Idea. 

"We trust they will hurry up and get out an interesting 
and formidable one as we are just itching for a scrap. 


Since The Idea began its work we have noticed some im- 
provement in the daily papers in regard to both the liquor 
question and the graft question. The Nervs Leader is not 
saying as much as formerly about the whiskey question, and 
the Times-Dispatch is actually Irving to get some of the glory 
of exposing the evils by jumping in the band wagon and tell- 
ing the people that there is gambling going on in certain quar- 
ters, but it is worth while to notice tbSt the Times-Dispatch. 
tho' we understand they know the names of the parties they re- 
ferred to, did not tell the people in their recent article who 
the guilty ones were that w^ere gambling on Main Street, nor 
did they tell why the police do not attempt to prosecute these 
offenders against the law, nor did they even dare to criticise 
the chief or anv one for winkinaf at crime. 

The Idea. 9 


Now and then a paper, whose editor has perhaps received 
a case of wine or extra valuable whiskey free gratis voii noth- 
ing from a friend among the whiskey fraternity, in the heat of 
ardent gratitude flourishes his pen and indites editorial tommy 
rot against the Anti-Saloon League for employing speakers 
from out of town, and charges that these outsiders are inter- 

In Petersburg they did that and the Richmond papers 
said amen, we want none of this interference. 

Let's get ait the facts of the case. 


Stop a minute and consider wheiie the whiskey money, 
that fought against the local league of citizens, came from in 
the Petersburg campaign, and in the Lynchburg campaign. 

It is a well known fact that the wholesale brewers and 
distillers from the West and the North sent large sums of 
money into Petersburg and Lynchburg to employ speakers and 
diefray the expenses of the campaigTi conducted against the 
local interests of the citizens of these towns. In Petersburg 
they had things so much their own way that they did not find 
it necessary to get outside speakers, though in Lynchburg they 
got them from 'as far west as Chicago', and the head of the 
fighting organization in Lynchburg was a beer -sounding name 
from Washington. Yet this is of small consideration, where 
the speakers came from, when we think of who furnished the 
mioney to pay these speakers. Did Petersburg money finance 
the dry or wet side. Home money paid the hill in Peters- 
burg for the Drys and outside money paid the hill in Peters- 
burg for the Wets. Home money paid the bill in Lynchburg 
for the Drys and outside money helped pay the bill for the 

In Lynchburg the fight cost Lynchburg business men 
about $5,000 of voluntary contributiiins to put down . the 
saloon. Lynchburg business men went down into their pock- 
ets and gave liberally, for an immense amount of press work 
paid for as lar2:e advertisements in the Lynchburs; papers, and 
a large office force to tabulate and work "iin the lists of voters. 

10 The Idea. 

so as to be able to challenge tlie vote of any one oii'ering to 
vote illegally, and a small per -cent, of this amount was spent 
in getting outside speakers to com© and help by their OTatory. 
Seaborn Wright, of Georgia, oame; and Governor Glenn, of 
Carolina, came, and Governor Glenn refused to accept any 
more than the small sum of fifty or sixty dollars (we've for- 
gotten which) to defray the expenses of his trip. The whiskey 
people will not deny that the money they spent came largiely 
from the brewers and the distillers. They will not. make pub- 
lic what amounts they spent for speakers as the Anti-Saloon 
League always will do. Nor will they tell the total amount 
spent by them in any given fight, i^or have we ever seen that 
they gave to the people an itemized statement of who gave the 
money, or for what any of it was spent. 

If they would do this just once the people would be so 
indig-nant that the saloon would have to go and go quick. Let 
them fight in the open if they dare to. They don't dare to 
"because their deeds are evil." 

Let the whiskey press and the whiskey people fool you 
with terms of interference and outsider ? 

The local Anti-Saloon Leagues have no apology to offer for 
giving their own home money to outside speakers to help them 
throw off an evil largely controled by outside brewers and dis- 

ISTote this. HOME interests alone are helped by a town 
going dry. 

OUTSIDE interests are very much helped by a town go- 
ing wet. When the fight comes will you fight for your home 
interests or for the brewers of Milwaukee and the Distillers of 
Kentuckv ? 



Articles- on "The Police Court," and "Feel Graft: 
Breathe Graft," through lack of space, have been held over 
till next' week. 

The Idea. 11 

'how to stop the steal— richmonders, get 


Let every citizen who has at heart the interests of Rich- 
miond and who desire to know how to stop the grafter in his 
stealing read the story of how the great Graft Prosecution was 
started in San Francisco by a small paper, The Bulletin. 

This most interesting and yet astonishing story is told in 
McClure's Magazine for July. 



Every now and then the whiskey press agents succeed in 
getting into the papers certain allusions toi Maine tending 
to show that noi license is a failure there, but, in every in- 
stance, they fail to give any actual, tangible and fair compari- 
sons between that 'and other States which have tabulated results. 

A Richmond paper recently went so far afield in its search 
for some argument that it compared Maine with certain Euro- 
pean States. The whiskey people aire indeed getting desper- 
ate in these days. There never has been a time when they 
spent siQ much money in press work as now and the fool that 
believes tl^ey would do it if prohibition did not prohibit has 
sadly — well, we don't believe that such ones are here in Rich- 

We clip the following from the Jjiterary Digest, perhaps 
the most fair-minded and unbiased paper in America to-day: 

Results of Prohibition in Worcester. — Worcester, 
Massachusietts, is the first city of more than one hundred thou- 
sand population to vote no license twice in succession under 
a local option dispensation. The Massachus'etts ^o-License 
League has issued a report of results during the past year, 
showing thait arrests have declined in the following ratios: 
For drunkenness, from 3,924 to 1,843 ; for assault and bat- 
tery, from 382 to 263 ; for larcency, from 343/ to 255 ; for 
neglect and non-support, from 112 to 87; for disturbing the 
peace, from 210 to 109. Patients in the alcoholic ward at the 
City Hospital decreased from 274 to 144, and deaths from 

12 T h e I dea. 

alcoholism, from 30 to 6. The Survey (New Yorkj suniinar- 
izies other features of the report as follows : 

"Apparently, liquor selliug will be entirely discontinued 
the coming year, except for 'original packages' shipped in. 
Some of the saloons kept open a part of the iirst year, selling- 
soft drinks, but they all closed when the city voted 'no' the 
second time. Eight liquor licenses held by drug stores re- 
sulted in a recorded sale of 96,190 'packages' — one-quarter 
of them quart bottles, most of the remainder half-pints. Only 
one of these licenses was renewed for this year." 

Certain Richmond papers are continually giving promi- 
nence to worthless articles of unknown or obscure writers 
pretending to show the evils of no-license. We wonder why 
they do not quote from the national weekly magazines which, 
from their very nature, can give a fair estimate of the values 
of prohibition. It is a remarkable fact that nearly every 
weekly of prominence in America has taken a decided stand 
against the whiskey traffic. But one who did not know this 
would get the lopinion from the daily local papers that no 
such condition exists. The reason that the weeklies take this 
stand for the abolition of the licensed saloon is that they can 
affoTd to be independent. The Richmond daily papers can't. 
It is also a remarkable fact that there is hardly a single 
weekly or monthly magazine of national prominence left in 
America that will print a whiskey advertisement in their 
papers. These papers put such ads. in the class with immoral 
and obscene literature. 

A question for the citizen. Do the police have to pay 
for election to the police force ? We underetand they do. 

Who gets the money, somebody who has nothing to do 
with the police, or — or — or — or somebody else ? "Think on 
these thino;s." 

We wviuder why it is that a negro woman is fined heavily 
for selling ten cents worth of whiskey without a license, and 
yet the police permit whiskey and wine and beer to be sold 
every day and night and on Sunday by the inhabitants of Mayo 

The Idea. 13 


"'A little folly now and then is relislii'd by the wisest 
men." We have just received the following few lines which 
we publish, without editing, for the sol© reason that they 
brought a smile to the faces of all in our office and that ought 
to be sufficient reason for its insertion amongst the more se- 
rious larticles which otherwise fill our pages. 

June 21s.t 1909 
(Editor The Idea 

Please give me space to tell what becomes of the kind of 
polititions you have just turned the light on.) 

Man that is bom of a woman is small potatoes and few 
in a hill. In infancy he is full of colic and catnip tea, and 
in old ■age he is full of cuss words and rheumatism. 

In youth his mother taketh him across her knee and 
sweetens his life with her slipper, and when he is a man 
grown the sheriff pursueth him all the days of his life. He 
spreadeth like a bay tree. He getteth into office, and his 
friends cling to him like flies tO' a sugar barrel. He sweleth 
with vanity and cutteth ice for ^a, while, but he is hewn down 
at the next convention and cast into the salt box and his name is 
Dennis. Out of office and out of friends he soon gets busted 
and lieth down in the cow-pasture beside the still waters of the 
brook. He dieth out of the world and goeth where it is warm 
enough without clothes. The last end of that man is worse 
than the beainninff. A Machinist. 


(A Soliloquy.) 

O Mystery! cold Mystery! 

Deep is thy stream and black. 

As black as night and cold; 

Broad are thy banks and tar between; 

Thy fall is slow. 

And slow thy onward flow; 

So weird art thou, and secret too. 

That none may know 

14 T h e I d e a. 

Whence thou hast come 
Or wither thou wilt go. 

I stand at midnight on thy marshy brink. 

And try to pierce with eyes distend thy darkness thick: 

O Mystery! hear thou my cry, 

My prayer disconsolate. 

The pleading meditation of my soul, 

And tell me what is life. 

Its whither and its whence. 

For you two waters flow not separate. 

O Mystery! drear Mystery! 

O what is life, and what are we 

That have it, yet so meagerly? 

And what is action? 

This changing, writhing, unending energy, 

This scene so meaningless. 

This strife so fierce — to know? 

And what is time? 

Is it spread on into eternity? 

And life and time, do they together flow? 

And does time stop when life stops here below? 
"If a man die, shall he live again?" 

And in another time? 

Or shall time be no more, nor life? 

And now we know no more 

That which went on before 
This life; 

Shall then we know this life 

When it, its care, its strife, 
. Be o'er? 

And if life go at all, where does it go? 

And does it rest a while, or what, or what? 

When that great change does come, 

Is it but for a while; is it fore'er? 
And what is death? 

Does it exist, or is it not? 

But negativity and nothingness? 
O speak, and let me know. 

And let me know, and let me know. 

Is there any knowledge for flnite minds to know? 

Did ever man know anything? 

Its murmuring answer "No," 
From gurgling depths below. 
It seems to come and go; 
"No, no, no, no; 

The Idea, 15 

Thou canst not know. 

Till thou out from this life do go." 
And the river's murmuring flow 
Tells me, if I would but go 
Down its steep steps, beneath its depths, 

That I might know. 
And then, in murmurs low — 
That back I might not go. 
Nor trace my footsteps o'er. 
For life could be no more. 

If it did know. 
I'll dive into thy depths," I cry; 
'Thou'lt take no more than life? I'll die." 
I plunge; 'tis cold, 'tis passing cold; 
All's dark, but downward still I hold 

My course from high. 
I and myself are parting ways. 
For light I see which auick doth daze 

My spirit eye, — 
My mind's perception part. 
And yet I do not know. 
But its increasing glow 
Doth light me as I go 
Deep down thy depths below, 

O Mystery! 

And though I yet can't know, 
Its increase, ever slow. 

Grows bright for me. 
My soul's dark ignorance 
Soon changed with its sharp glance, 

Now soon will see. 
Now something whispers low. 
And peems to speak or show 

What I did ask. 
And do I dream or hear? 
'Tis faint and never clear: 
"life is change — 

All change is life — 

All action's change. 
Matter itself, it cannot change nor changed be — 
All things we feel and see do change, 
Hence all things live. 

If they live not themselves, their PARTS do live. 
For TREY do change. 
They move — there! there is life. 
The log decaying on the ground doth live; 

16 The Idea. 

For, dviiig and decaying so, 
Its li\ing molecules do show. 
In changes which they undergo. 
The life atomic of its composition. 
There's but one elemental life; 
There is but one life's element. 
The many elements we know 
Are but the many changes in 
The life of this prime element — 
But different forms of life — of change. 
There is no death, for death 
Itself is but the change of life. ' 

All change is progress — 

All progress growth — 

All growth is life. 
Man does not die; 
His life does make a change, 
Not simply in its habitation. 
But gives itself up unto other life. 

And time — there's no such thing; 
'Tis but the idea of a mind that does not know; 
And it itself it does not know, 
For where did it begin, and whither will it go? 

And space — 
There is no space; 
For what's beyond this space. 
If there be space? 

The human mind, imperfect, weak, and small, 
Makes for itself this time, this space, this all. 
Because it cannot know. It must not fall. 
When man shall die he shall but wake 
From his long sleep. Then he shall know. 
And then to him a thousand years 
Shall be but as a day, for time 
Shall be no more." 

And, as life's problems brighter grow, 
Down 'neath the depths of Mystery's stream 
The distant light comes nearer, and 
I see no more the black depths of 
Thy form, O Mystery! so dread! 

But brighter grows the light; around 
About I go with motion quick 
And fast into its depths, and merge 
Into itself. And I am light^ 

I see — at last I know. ALYN O'DARE. 

January, 1900. 

Why Subscribe Now? 

'^j^ECAUSE you are going to 
^|a wish you had the complete 
^^^ volume of this year's Ideas, 
and we have only a very few copies 
of the last two numbers left, and 
will sell those to any, desiring to 
have their subscription begin with 
the first number. Our price is only 
$2.00 a year, and if you rely on the 
boys to get them you may get left, 
as we sold out entirely last week 
and the week before and have left 
only some which we had returned 
by special request from the news- 

IJWe are going after all manner of 
wrong doing in the coming weeks, 
and you'll be considered behind the 
times if you fail to read the IDEA. 
We have not yet put out a solicitor 
but subscriptions are coming in and 
you'll have to hurry in order to be 

Mail your subscription today to the 
Idea^ 904 Capitol St. ^ Richmond, Va. 






i (> .) selling the l.irgcst number of 

copicb oi Ihe Idea for the month of July 

we will give a Handsome IVatch^ and to 

the next nine we will give suitable 

prizes, to be announced later. 

Begin now by getting people to 

promise to take The Idea 

from you RKOULARLY 

... BO 1 S ... 

(,FT IDEAS at 
904 Capitol Street 
next door to Park 
I lotel, Corner 9th 
and Broad Streets 


Jcdcrson I'rcssuig Club, 2'lA and Broad Sts. 
MODKL NEWS CO., 519 W. Broad St. 
And ABBOTT'S News-stand in Manchester 





Vol. Ill July 10, 1909 No. 6 

$2.00 A YEAR 

Who is Mayor? 

Police Court==Jokes or Justice 

Pollock and Politics 

Richmond Papers Suppress News 

The News Leader's Glaring Mistake 

Feel Graft, Breathe Graft 

Weak Men in Office 

Mock Modesty 

Facts or Lies 


Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 

For Slightly Used Furniture 

The Mayo Furniture Co. 

1402 tast Main Street, 

which opened its doors June 1st, last, has sold more Furni- 
ture than any TWO houses in Richmond. In fine and 
medium grades they are the lowest priced house in the 


I love the wild race 
With the hounds on the chase, 
But I love not the murder of game, 
I glory to fight 
For honor and right, 
But I love neither honors nor fame. 

—A. A. Y. 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill JULY 10, 190^ No. 6 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Yeab 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 


Richardson or Police Board 

The Board of Police Commissioners called to con- 
sider matters brought to light by the Idea. T he 
Mayor can not tell what happened because his 
subordinate police board says no. 

The Journal of the 3d, last Saturday, in an article under 
the caption "Mayor Richardson in Direct Opposition to Meth- 
ods of Police Board" says : 

"I cannot say anything as to the action ot the board last 
night, except that it was called to consider matters relating to 
the discipline and efficiency of the police foTce. 

"The board passed a resolution that the 'action of the board 
should not be made knov/n. This was against my judgTaent and 
advice. I believe in the greatest publicity in city affairs, and 
that the official action of public officers and departments should 
at all times be open to the public." — Mayor Richardson. 

The mavor thus admits that he is bound to keep quiet when 

2 The Idea. 

lie had a perfect right ta say what he pleases as he, and not the 
board, is the chief executive officer of the city. 

Whether he keeps quiet or not concerning this meeting ho 
should give the board to understand their subordinate posi- 
tion and he should direct the police force, as the law requires 
him to, both in the Constitution, which makes him the chief 
magistrate of the city, and in the charter and other legislative 
statutes. He should rise to the dignity of his position, and 
not be the mere tool of others. As he is responsible to the 
State for the behavior of the police, and as he must take the 
blame for any violation, of the laws, he should also assume the 
command the State gives him, and not let a little police board 
whose prime duties are to "prescribe such uniform and badges 
for the police as they may deem proper," dictate what he or the 
police shall or shall not do. The only other kind of authority 
the law gives them (the Board) is that of appointment and 
dismissal. The Mayor has shown that The Idea has had its 
weight in pointing out his duty; now, let him act up to his 
duty, and we shall take pleasure in commending rather than 
censuring him. If he does not, however, then our plans to 
compel law enforcement may put him in an extremely 'awk- 
ward position: that of being on trial for "neglect of official 

Be a mayor and we are with you. Be a puppet and we 
are with the law — ^against you. Let the people show the Mayor 
that they expect him to be more than a mere figurehead, and 
we believe he may come out and show what is in him. Unless 
the public does do this he, since he is surrounded by petty poli- 
ticians, will not realize his true position and in all probability, 
will drift on, to the pleasure and profit of the Police Board, 
and to his own ultimate diseomfiture. 

We wonder why Uncle Sam will send a large posse of 
dieputies out into the mountains to stop a farmer from run- 
niua; a little 2x4 still and yet permit the revenue laws to be 
violated under the very shadow of their office in "Richmond. 
Are the Bepublican and Democratic machines so hand-in-glove 
that they wink at each other's negligence ? 


T he Idea. 


i^ecret Trials 

Telephone Trials 

Wholesale Trials and 

Trials by Mail. 

Judp;es are supposed to be dignified and soleiuii because 
justice requires solemn thought and quiet deliberation to ward 
off decisions given in haste or heat or feeling, and therefore 
the expression ^'solemn as a judge" has become proverbial. 

In Richmond this expression has lost its force and the ex- 
pression ''as ridiculous as a judge" would not only be more ex- 
pressive but would also be more true to life. 

The police court has gotten to be recognized as a place of 
amusement and visitors to the city make it a point to take in 
among the places of especial interest, the police court. In the 
remotest parts of the State and the l^ation Justice John Crutch- 
field is 'a well known character and his court is the subject of 
many an interesting story and his peculiar methods of judicial 
procedure are the common talk of tourists. 

Visitors to Richmond inquire of the hotel clerks where to 
find the "One John" or "Justice John." 

In past years Richmond was noted for her two Johns, John 
Jasper and John Crutchfield, both occupying positions re- 
garded elsewhere as those of dignity and decorum but here re- 
garded as the seats of outlandish humor and laughter provok- 
ing pantomine. On one occasion about twelve years ago it was 
our pleasure to hear the distinsrui'shed colored divine on his 
annual sermon day when his subject was "The sun do move." 
This was also the occasion for "lifting 'a collection : from the 
white folks," and it seemed to afford the negro portion of the 
congregation a peculiar pleasure to see Justice John Crutch- 

4 T h e 1 d ea. 

field, who was occupying a front seat, hand over a half-dollar to 
the good brother deacon who passed the basket, for it seemed to 
remind them of the many times when conditions were just the 
reverse when they were the ones who had so often been re- 
quired to hand over the cash to the Justice, indeed seldom does 
it occur that a negro g^ets free if he is once called into the po- 
lice court of Richmond. 

Not only is the negro the butt of many la joke and the payer 
of many a speedy sentence given at the expense of impartiality, 
but unless one has a good strong pull in the Richmond police 
court he is likely to come away, guilty or not guilty, mad 
enough to fight a hornets' nest, for it seems to be the rule of 
this court to regard a man a criminal unless he can prove 
otherwise and he is given very scant opportunity even then to 
even tell his side of the case. 

Just yesterday we saw a young man treated in a most 
vmkindly manner by the court, given a lecture which even if 
he had been guilty was utterly undeserved and uncalled for, 
and then fined without being given an opportunity to answer to 
the charge preferred against him. As it davnied on the young 
fellow that he had been punished without a trial and as the 
guard caught him by the arm and rudely pulled him away he 
said with suppressed emotion, "I wanted to tell you about it 
and you would not listen to me." The only answer as he was 
dragged away was "I can't help that," and the next case was 
called. We listened diligently to the evidence given, — a few 
brief words by a policeman — and we heard nothing to convict 
a man on, even if he had not desired to refute it. 

Another case was called. A policeman niaae a remark in 
la low tone to the justice, — the justice turning to the prisoner 
said: "What did you talk back at him for?" "I did not talk 

" but his answer was broken by the sharp, "$5.00" 

from the justice, and the prisoner was led back to the pen. Six 
little boys were brousrht forward charged with disorderly 
conduct on the street July 3rd. Not one of them was 2:iven 
la trial or a chance tO' say one word. The justice Irchired them 
and fined them one dollar each "and costs" which amounted to 
more than the fine, the six paying $9,60 costs and $6.00 in 
fines. We wonder where such costs come in. 

T k e I d 6 a. 5 

Then comes a cuije of steaiing in vvbicli thu go^ds bLulcu 
were produced and the case was absolutely clear against the 
boy. The justice made a few kindly remarks to the boy and 
dismissed tlie case. And if you wonder why he dismissed it 
we will simply have to answer that Mr. Pollock appeared as' 
lattorney for the boy. He made no speech as is customary for 
counsel to do, he simply leaned over and made some sliglit re- 
marks to the judge which could not be heard by those sitting a 
few feet away, and that seemed to satisfy the court. 

Again — Two prisoners are called. Mr. Pollock walks up 
to the police before their evidence is given and makes a few re- 
marks to them, then turning*^ to the court says, 'T represent 
these two fellows." The courts demeanor changes, he smiles, 
no more bluster. A policeman offers a few words of evidence 
to which the justice replies, both in a low voice. A second of 
silence, then "The case is dismissed" comes from the judge, and 
everybody smiles as the next case is called. Now we would 
enquire "Why, if there was no case against the prisoner was it 
deemed necessary to get Mr. Pollock and pay him a fee to rep- 
resent the prisioner ?" Also, "Why did the police arrest in the 
first place if no charge worthy of evidence being offered could 
be made ?" We do not hesitate to say it looks rotten to us. 

We have been in court on three occasions recently and 
cases came up with attorneys about twelve times during those 
three visits. Only three lawyers appeared for all these cases ; — 
one lawyer appearing for one case, another lawyer for another 
and the third lawyer, Mr. Pollock appearing in all the other 
cases. This is a very significant fact. 

Secret Trials. — In this court very many cases are called 
and a note is handed^ to the justice and the case is decided 
without any open trial at all. This strikes us as being neither 
legal nor fair. Secret trials are contrary to American ideas 
of justice. Besides this, many cases are tried in the office of 
the justice without once coming to open trial at all. 

When men can be fined out of court there must be a great 
temptatiou to bribery and other evil. We propose to look into 
the le2:al aspects of such proceedings and not simply by pub- 
licity but by lea:al action to put lan end to all abuses of justice. 

Trial by wholesale. — On a recent occasion m this court the 

6 T h e I d e a. 

justice called out before any trial wasi given, for all those 
charged with the offense to come forward and pay a fine of 
$2.50. The accused came forward and lined up and bome paid 
up, though the most were led away to the pen. This was too 
much trial by wholesale, or rather sentenced by wholesale, 
without trial, for even a hanger-on of the court, and he got 
the ear of the justice who called them all out from the pen 
again and asked them to answer to their names. Some whose 
names were called did not answer and then it developed that 
they had been released on paying their fine hefo,t; court. 

Trial by Letter and Trial by Telephone. — Frequently in 
the police court we have seen the judge read a letter and render 
his decision without further trial, but the climax was reached 
last Saturday when, according to newspaper reports, Justice 
John fined a man out at the ball park over the telephone. 

Justice John evidently believes in practical jokes as well 
as in jokes which simply create a laugh. 


In Council and Court. 

Electioneering for Police Connmisioner McCarthy. 

ITot long ago we showed the relation of Mr. Pollock to the 
council and the police court and police force. It is our purpose 
in this number to produce more evidence to- show the exist- 
ence of certain relationships between these parts which should 
not exist. 

In the first place let us take a look into the council meet- 
ing during the election of a police commissioner. At last werk's 
joint meeting of the council and aldermen there was called 
an election for a police commissioner. There were three can- 
didates. One recommended by a ward committee, and called 
the ring candidate, Mr. McCarthy; another, Mr. Disney, and 
lanother, Dt. Bryan. 

The Idea. 7 

The inacliin© element in the couucil was of course for Mr. 
McCarthy. Pollock and Mills and the ring crowd of course 
stood together but the part that was noticeable to an outsider 
was that there seemed to be such intense interest and excite- 
ment over such a small affair. Mills and Pollock seemed to 
be so worked up. They were rusihing hither and thither, smil- 
ing on a member here, upbraiding one there, arguing yonder, 
all with so much apparent interest that we inquired of by- 
standers why such an election caused so much siir. "Is there 
anything in it ?" we enquired, for we knew that there' was no 
salary attached to the job. The answer came quick, — "Any- 
thing in it, why of course there is. The commissioners ap- 
point the policemen," and it was spoken in such a surprised 
tone, as if one were exceedingly ig-norant who did not know 
that a police commissioner could make money out of his ap- 
pointive power. And therefore if it paid a commissioner so 
well why should it not offer inducements to these councilmen 
whose influence would succeed in determining who that com- 
missioner shoiild be ? 

Well, to get back, Mr. Pollock seemed more concerned 
about the result than any other one and m'ade a speech for 
the ring candidate, Mr. McCarthy, and when he, McCarthy, was 
not elected in the first ballot, then the lobbying was renewed in 
earnest ; Pollock hastening labout the floor to persuade voters 
to vote for his man. Some eight or nine ballots were taken 
and the fio;ht was a hot one. A motion wasi made to adjonm 
and Pollock, realizina; that this would kill his candidate, as he 
admitted, of course used his influence to keep from 'adjourning 
and went so far as to upbraid two of his hangers-on for voting 
"aye" and inducing them after their votes were in to change 
to '"no." 

ISTow, to be able to chano;e votes after a vote 1=; an invalua- 
ble power, and this is where Pollock's unknown influence comes 
in, and it is really amusing to see how the little machine men 
obev his orders. As one would vote -nioi to suit him he would 
scowl and hasten across the ch'amber to sret him in line. With 
anotbev be would use his powers of nersuasion onlv. On the 
last ballot when McCarthv wa«i dpclared elected. Pollock was 
the iianniest man in the oonncil, he jumped up and smacked 

8 The Idea. 

liis liauds together aud said "J s C 1! That was a close 

call/' aud then weint about gloatiug over a victory of greed 
lagaiust the people. A few moments later he said with an oath, 
"I was scared to death and working like a dog." 

Now The Idea wants to know why he was so scared by 
the possibility of a highminded doctor being elected to the 
board. By his own talk he was personally exceedingly in- 
terested in the success of the ring candidate and these actions 
and these words here written down show that his influence 
had a large weight in putting McCarthy into office. 

ISTow let us notice what a police commissioner does. The 
board of commissioners appoint the police and may, on cause, 
remove from office. This means that if the ooiamissioner is 
not the highest class of man he will use his power to keep po- 
lice from enforcing laws against his friends and this is the 
charge that citizens daily bring against the police com misisi oners 
in our hearing. They say that the police 'are not able to do their 
sworn duty because they fear they will loose their jobs. And 
there is not a policeman in Richmond who does regard his 
oath. In fact befoir© this matter came up we learned that po- 
licemen have claimed that they could not possibly afford to 
abide by their oaths because of the fear that this bo^ard would 
take away their jobs simply because they had done their duty. 
This explains why there is not a policeman in the city who dares 
to enforce the laws which he knows are violated daily because he 
knows that "he would not be upheld" either by the mayor, 
who is responsible in law for the acts of the police, or by the 
commissioners which are now so powerful that the mayor does 
not even dare to oppose them. 

ISTow, since Mr. Pollock is so powerful in making the per- 
sonnel of the police commission, who in turn make the police 
force, yon can readily see how Pollock has an influence with 
the individual policemen and how a pri'Sioner would naturally 
want to have Pollock represent him beoausie the policemen 
would not want ta offend Pollock by giving convicting evi- 
dence asrainst a prisoner whom Pollock was representing. This 
is why the policeman acts, as we have seen them act in the court 
in a way that shows that he fears the power of Pollock. They 
do not, and cannot dare, to take a bold stand when Pollock 

The I de a. l> 

is against them. This shows why on a recent Monday morn- 
ing when there were many cases in court represented by Pol- 
lock, there was only one other lawyer who had a case in this 
police court. And the same thing occurred again to-day, July 
5th. Many cases were represented by Pollock and one loiic 
lawyer appeared to defend another prisoner. Pollock has an 
almost absolute monopoly on the police court practice — and 
there is a reason for it. 


Being some remarks concerning a iieadiess little 
publication which has just made its appear- 
ance in Richmond in defence of 
whiskey and corrupt politics. 

If you'll go into the police court most any morning you 
will find some evil doer caught in the meshes of the law who 
is so hemmed about by truthful evidence that his only hope 
is in telling an unusually big one to snow under the prosecu- 
tion. And he feels so much in need that he prefaces his re- 
marks to the court by saying, "I's gwine tell you de trufe, boss," 
or "Dis is a fact," And immediately a titter goes around 
the court room for every one realizes tbat when a man is so 
talkative about his telling the truth he is really ready to tell 
an unusually big lie. 

Likewise in a recent wet and dry contest in a neighbor- 
ing city the saloons imported some large posters, furnished and 
published by the l^ational Wholesale Liquor Dealers of 
America, entitled 

Concerning prohibtion in other spates. 

In a day or so the Anti-Saloon League exposed the so- 
called "facts" as lies of the basest sort, and the few business 
men who were helping the saloons in their fight immediately 

10 The Idea. 

had the posters torn down, because they realized that when a 
man is boastful 'about his telling the truth he requires watch- 

Some two weeks ago we were informed that an opposition 
publication would shortly appear to contest the ground taken 
by The Idea in its fight against evil. 

We, of course, were delighted because we knew that we had 
hold of enough actual data and statistics to not only hold our 
ground but to confound the enemy, and by nature we enjoy 
a contest. W© must admit, however, that we have been sadly 
disappointed in both the moral and intellectual character of our 
rival publication, for surely if the editor, or editress, or editors, 
or editresses of "Facts" have set out to hold any position, it 
certainly cannot be as weak as this first number would make 
it appear. For most any position can find at least some few 
larguments that will at least appear to be good for at least a 
little while. But our little contemporary must be seriously 
embarrassed by the awkwardness and untenability of its posi- 
tion and the difficulty of taking a stand for corruption, and 
graft, and injustice, and mismanagement of municipal 'affairs, 
and all manner of evil. We trust that the editor has some 
inborn disgust lat being known as a defender of wrong and 
that this is the reason that he or she, or it or they appear or 
appears so weak in his, or her, or its, or their first number, 
and that he or she or it or they is, or are, ashamed to have 
his, or her, or its, or their name or names appear as editor, 
or (editress, or both, of this little publication. 

But we did not start out to hurt him, or her, or them over 
much. We desire to encourage them. At first we were 
tempted to treat them as the daily papers here are treating us, 
with silent contempt, but instead we are going to do as we 
would be done by, and help them by our advice and criticism 
and advertisement by thus mentioning them in our modest 
publication. ISTow seriously, Mr. (or Miss ot both) Facts, 
you can do better than that. With all the money that the 
whiskey interests you represent have, you surely can do' better 
than this. Gan't you find something interesting as the product 
of your own brain or brains without relying on ' quoting' from 
The Idea the only "thing of real interest in your publication? 

The Idea. 11 

Oome now, give us something worth while. If you are 
going to scrap make it lively. You'll get beat so much quicker 
if you don't put on a bold front. 

If you can't handle the proposition we would suggest that 
you get an editor. You knciw it is almost impossible to edit 
a paper without an editor. And then, remember this, that it 
takes about three times as much brains to defend ^a weak posi- 
tion as 't does a strong one. In other words the editor of The 
Idea having the advantage of being on the side* of right, can 
get along with about one third of th'© expense of mental 
energy that must be consumed in attempting to defend a weak 
position as that so boldly assumed by you. 

Again — don't be ashamed of your name. 

Feel Graft. Breathe Graft 

Richmond compared with San Francisco. 

"At first it was little squalid graft — black mailing gam- 
blers and the nether world ; one could feel graft, breathe it, 
do all but see and prove it." 

Don't that sound like Richmond to-day. We can all feel 
graft and breathe graft. We feel it in excessive taxes and no 
returns for them, in neglected streets and wasted flumes, in 
high prices for printing and other city bills, in crooked bond 
issues and awards of contracts to . highest bidders, and in a 
million and one 'other ways. We breathe it in the daily con- 
versation on the street, in the club and wherever men assem- 
ble together. That sentence, however, was written about San 
Francisco in 190,1, before the big grafters out there were even 
suspected of their crime, which afterwards landed them behind 
prison bars, but it sounds like it was written about Richmond 
in the good year 1909. The article in McClure's Magazine 
telling of the graft prosecution in San Fraucisco says further: 
"The toA^Ti knew everything was for sale ; the town cynically 
smiled; Ruef they said w^ts a smart fellow. The public 

12 The Idea. 

prints toere silent." Siicli is the case to-day in Richmond. 
People know ''that everything is for sale," but "they cynically 
smile," and the newspapers ''are silent" — ah, there's the great 
trouble in Richmond. There is not a newspaper here that is 
willing to publish what it knows of the graft here. 

While the Richmond papers do what is infinitely moTe 
valuable to the liquor dealers, in that they practically sell 
their editorial columns to the whiskey interests. 

"Now the large graft began; the saloons sold 'municipal' 
whiskey; Chinatown (the tenderloin) paid heavy tribute to 
the police ; the administration profited from the earnings of the 
women of the dives." Don't that sound again like Richmond. 
Then the political boss Ruef was charged with bribery by a 
little paper then being printed in San Francisco. He after- 
wards confessed and the mayor "Schmitz was tried and con- 
demned to prison for it. ISTotwithstanding the abundance of 
proof of this clear case of official extortion, at that time no 
other newspaper published a word concerning the occurrence." 
And this is the point we want to make — that it matters not 
how much graft is going on in Richmond you cannot expect 
the daily papers to expose it. It has been the history of most 
cities that the average newspaper has not got nerve enough 
to do anything at all towards exposing those high up in the 
political life of the community. If the Times-Dispatch 
dared to; if the Neivs Leader dared to; if the Journal dared 
to, they have enough information at their command to put the 
grafters in Richmond out entirely, but no, they answer, "That 
would hurt the Democratic party in Virginia," as one of them, 
the Times-DiSpaicJi, put it on one occasion when they were 
requested to publish some things which the people ought to 
have known. These papers care more for machine politics 
tlian they do foT the welfare of the people. 

But to return to the San Francisco affair, the fearless lit- 
the paper, "The Bulletin," got hold of Heney, the great graft 
prosecutor and in a speech he said, "I'll come back here and 
put Abe Ruef in prison." 

The grafter got worse and Heney came and a wealthy 
San Francisco man put up $100,000 to fight the grafters, and 

The Idea. 18 

many of the big fish were sentenced and others went into exile, 
and others are being tried to-day, and the end is not yet. 

Kichmond may sit back and keep quiet for a while, biit 
when The I^ea gets the law on the big politician and grafters 
in Richmond the people will certainly come forward and be- 
lieve that there is indeed something wrong here. 

We have studied municipal government in other places 
and we are frank to confess that though we have been up 
against mismanagement, and petty graft and extravagance in 
the case of city funds Richmond is in the grasp of a ring more 
powerful than any we have yet seen. Here the grafter has 
gotten into almost every department of our city life and his 
tremendous machine has brought the citizens so slavishly low 
that they even fear to discuss on the street their own city 
affairs for fear of its effect on their business or their social 
popularity. And the people seem to think that they can't 
stop it. 

News Leader's Glaring Mistake 

Says Franklin ''Goes Wet" Really 
Went ''Dry" 

More Than Two to One. 
But News Leader Does not Correct its Error. 

The News Leader, on July 2d, had the following articde: 

Franklin, July 2. — A special election was held in this 
magisterial district Wednesday to determine whether the dis- 
pensary now in operation at this place should b© abolished or 

The balloting was heavy, and resulted in 79 votes in fawY 
of the dispensary and 200 against it. The temperance people 
are jubilant but quiet in their sweeping victory. 

As a result of the election the dispensary will close Oct. 
Ist and thereafter this town and district will be dry. 

1^ T h e 1 d e a. 

iSTotice the fact that though the headlines said "wet" yet 
really the vote putting whiskey out of Franklin was more 
than two to one, or 200 to 79, in favor of the "Urys" and yet 
we have searched diligently for a correctio'U of this gross mis- 
statement and have not yet been able to discover it. 

Did the Neivs Leader because it wants to make the peo- 
ple believe that the "prohibition wave has been checked" delib- 
erately make this error. If not, why did it not the next day 
make the correction ? JSText ! News Leader. 


Did you ever notice that The Idea does not attehipt any 
high-sounding terminology or ornate and beautiful phrases. 

Time was when, in writing for others we put in the frills 
and curls and even essayed the field of metre and verse^ and 
tried to adorn our expression with carefully wrought figures of 
speech. ISTow, however, we "blurt it out like a. school-boy," 
often without ever looking it over before sending it to press. 
And our reason is this. Time is a consideration now and 
our object is simply to start you to thinking, and the minor 
matter of pleasing the ear does not concern us, largely because 
we don't care whether you are pleased or not, in fact we don't 
care whether we please ourselves or not, as far as style is con- 
cerned. And then we find that in attempting to polish up an 
article it is so easy to hurt the thought and give a shade of 
meaning not desired. So we just fire away, giving our 
thoughts for what they are worth, fresh and hot from the think- 
tank, forgetting we ever burnt the midnight oil in diving into 
Anglo-Saxon or Hellenic literature, or worrying over Latin or 
"Greek or Hebrew derivations, or chasing after college distinc- 
^;ions and degrees. 

Time's too short and life's too uncertain to think of such 
ihings in the rush of modem days, especially when there's no 
"boss to jerk you up and fire you for not putting on the polish. 

But don't you ever be fooled into thinking: that because 
we are careless of phraseing and frills that this little affair is 
careless of its facts. 

In fact about that we are often too careful because how- 

The Idea. 15 

ever many rascals may be guilty we don't want tu be tricked 
into hurting an innocent one. 

When public malefaction comes to our attention we hate 
to believe it, and so we verify carefully by close inquiry and 
study, most often going into the very minutest details, and 
diligently searching for any mitigating circumstances, for we 
know the frailties of humanity and are inclined toward for- 
giveness for all human errors, but when once we are satisfied 
that a malicious thief has been robbing the people we are abso- 
lutely careless and relentless in pursuit of the offender, and 
our wording and methods may be radical in the extreme. 
AVhen there's a radical wrong, there's need for a radical 

The Idea is conservative in its attitude towards all man- 
kind, but is rank and radical in fighting evil wherever found. 



May we have your attention for just a moment concern- 
hig the methods of The Idea. Word comes to us that some 
of our readers think we overstep the mark in our boldness 
in exposing the redlight evil, and perhaps they think, not 
being well acquainted with the Editor, that we are "of the 
baser sort," or have not proper regard for the higher sensi- 
bilities of our cultured and refined reading public. We de- 
sire to state that no one has higher ideals and we modestly 
believe that very few men are more careful in the language of 
their daily conversation than we, and it hurts us to think 
that we may hurt the usefulness of our little paper by appear- 
ing to be regardless of the feelings of others. We have not 
the slightest doubt that the future will disclose us in a better 
light and that as a result the good we hope to accomplish will 
be increased. Meanwhile, we want you to know that nothing 
but an intense hatred of vice and evil urges us to disclose 
it in snch horrible colors. 

We show you the picture not that you may enjoy the pic- 
ture, but that you may so loathe the evil that yon will aron'=;e 
in your righteousness and banish it from our fair city. We 

16 T h e I dea. 

print in this paper things which wfe regret the need for 
exceedingly, but, since the need exists, we are determined to 
do our duty, and even though it should not meet with the 
approval of all, we trust that in the long run it will be seen 
to be the right course. 

We have small sympathy for that mock modesty which is 
so prudish as to fail to see the evil or to hear about it, but 
which, by its ignorance, permits the damnation of those who 
iiave a right to expect from them sufficient knowledge to pro- 
tect and guide their young feet to better ways. We have no 
sympathy for the parent who will permit his child to be tempt- 
ed by vice which he is too goody-goody to sufficiently examine 
into to be able to eradicate. 


The wise plans of Penn did not preclude in his city, 
misgovemment as notorious as in New York. St. Louis, 
San Francisco have both jailed high officials. Disclosures have 
caused both the Mayor of Louisville and the Chief of Police 
of Newark, N. J., to blow out their brains. Even Puritan 
Boston's Finance Committee has uncovered graft so insidious 
as to cast doubt on the technique of Tammany Hall. — Rob- 
ert Sloss, in Van Nordens Magazine. 

We would add : "Let the grafter beware in Richmond ! " 
He further states : "The existing organizati'm of every de- 
partment of the city government, not only put a premium on 
peculation, but made it impossible for even an honest official 
to render efficient public service." No, Sloss was not talk- 
ing about Richmond, but it is absolutely true here. The best 
of officials, on account of ring methods, cannot render in 
Richmond efficient service. If they start out to serve the 
people they find their official head in danger of decapitation. 
So, as a rule, they drift along in the ruts, and let city affairs 
look after themselves. 

WE SELL and Guarantee 

The New Columbia 
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And Everything in Reliable 

FurnilureandrioorCoverings » 

JONES BROS. & CO., Inc. 

1418=1420 E. Main St., Richmond, Va. 

To Advertisers and Subscribers 

Since iianding most of our copy to 
the printer, our ADVERTISING Man, 
just put on the work, has handed us 
the few ads herein just in time to get 
in this number, and promises more 
for next week Look into this proposi- 
tion before he calls. Our rates are low. 

Our Subscription Price is ^2.00 a Year 







To the Boy selling the largest number of 

copies of The Idea for the month of July 

we will give a Handsome Watch ^ and to 

the next nine we will give suitable 

prizes, to be announced later. 

Begin now by getting people to 

promise to take The Idea 

from you REGULARLY 

..• BOYS ... 

904 Capitol Street 
next door to Park 
Hotel, Corner 9th 
and Broad Streets 


Jefferson Pressing Club, 22d and Clay Sts. 
MODEL NEWS CO., 519 W. Broad St. 
And ABBOTT'S News-stand in Manchester 





Vol. Ill July 17, 1909 No. 7 

$2.00 A YEAR 

The Police and Justice John 

Why Police Don^t Act 

Mr. Pollock in Police Court 

How Bums Rule Richmond 

The $7,500.00 Blunder 

The Times-Dispatch Unfair 

Praise For The Police 

Gov. Johnson on Law-Enforcement 

The Mayor's Position 


Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 

For Slightl y Used Furniture 

The Mayo Furniture Co. 

1402 East Main Street, 

which opened its doors June 1st, last, has sold more Furni- 
ture than any TWO houses in Richmond. In fine and 
medium grades they are the lowest priced house in the 


Be a man among men, 

Not a humbug among humbugs. 

— Lowell. 

Not failure, but low aim, is crime. 

— Lowell. 

The bravest ^re the tenderest. 
The loving are the daring. 

— Bayard Taylor. 

The hearts that dare are quick to feel, 
The hands that wound are soft to heal. 

— Bayard Taylor, 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill JULY 17, 1909 No. 7 

5 Cents a Copy |2.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 


City Official Fighting the City 

The laws keep couiicilmeii from taking contracts with the 
city. It is legally a crime. 

It is a moral crime, if not a legal one, for a city official 
sworn to nphold the law to take cases, in onr courts, which re- 
quire him to side against the city and the laws of the city. 

It is a fact, known to many and often wondered at, that 
Mr. G. K. Pollock is nearly always the counsel for violators 
of the whiskey and cocaine and gainbling laws, taking cases 
against the city, although he is a councilman and, as such, an 
employe who should always defend the city and never appear 
against the city. Do you think a big railroad or other private 
corporation would permit one of its directors to take money to 
represent one bringing suit against the company. ]^o, and no 
director would dare to attempt it.' The case is similar. An em- 
l^loye of the city, Mr. Pollock, represents those who have com- 
mitted crime against the city. 

We do not hesitate to sav that Pollock is ffuiltv in morals 

•2 The I dea. 

of a crime against his city and in a martial court would be 
called a traitor for giving aid to an enemy. 

Can you conceive of a high-minded man taking such a 
stand ? 

"You cannot serve two masters." 

What is best to-day cannot fail to bring the best results 
to-morrow. — Huhhard. 


Crooked Politics and Whiskey 

500 Gamblers and Degenerates Qualify for Election 

The citizens often wonder how weak men are elected while 
the good men are supposed to rule the city by voting for clean 
men. If you approach almost any gathering of men prior to 
an election you can count on a majority of them voting con- 
scientiously and standing for candidates of recognized worth 
but in each crowd you will find those who will say "He's a 
good man but he wont be elected because the ring is aganist 
him." And yet no one seemsi to know how this ring wields its 
power in the very face of such public sentiment. 

ISTow the answer is to be found in two facts. In the first 
place if you should ask the men in the group we have just left 
how many of them have a vote you will be surprised to find 
that perhaps not half of them are properly registered or have 
paid their taxes in time to qualify for election day. 

In the second place, if you will go to the office of the Com- 
missioner of Revenue you will find that his books show that 
hetween 500 and 600 beings, we almost said men — who have 
neither property nor reputation nor character, have paid in a 
lump sum to the State their poll taxes for the last three years 

The Idea. 3 

and to the question of "Value of personal property," have an- 
swered "none." ISTow note that these men have not sufficiently 
fixed homes to have been properly taxed by the officers and that 
they voluntarily (?) have come forward at the last minute this 
last winter and paid up for three years' time just in time to 
qualify for the summer elections. Of course this means, as 
any one could see to look at these men, that they were bums, 
gamblers, thieves, pimps, toughs, and the very scum of society, 
the hangers-on of the bar room and low dives. ISTow it was to 
the interests of somebody to see that these men had the money 
and properly qualified to vote. We understand it was done 
by the whiskey men to forestall a defeat at the polls in the 
event of a contest this year. At any event we all know the low 
element that did it and we know that they would not vote 
either dry or for clean men for office. 

We cite this to show what a state of aifairs exists in our 
fair city and to show how the whiskey men keep their hand on 
the political situation, not only when a wet or dry election is 
coming off, but in voting into office and councils men who will 
look out for their interests. One of the greatest reasons for 
our opposing the whiskey traffic is because of its corrupting in- 
fluence on politics. 

]S[early all bad men in both council and city affairs are put 
there by the whiskey vote and without their influence Rich- 
mond would be a city without its corrupt ring. Without whis- 
key the power of Clyde Saunders and Gilbert Pollock would 
be broken and the other slick politicians like Mills and Man- 
nine: and their kind would loose out for lack of votes. 


(In which "we see the little maiden lingering to apologize for 
having 'trapped' a boy in the spelling .class.") 
"I'm sorry that I spelled the word, 

I hate to go above you, 
"'Because,' the brown eyes lower fell, 
'Because, you see, I love you.' '' 

4 T h e I d e a. 


There is rejoicing in the ranks of the police board and 
ring politics over the election of McCarthy to that body. They 
evidently know how he will vote. Prominent Riehnionders have 
told ns that they regarded the election of McCarthy as a 
pnblic calamity. 

Unrest and rnin wronght throngh overtaxed nerves, come 
largely from owning too many things. — Iluhhard. 


Police and Justice John 

Whv the Police Don't Act 

Ridiculed by the Court. Roasted Openly for 
Doing Their Duty. 

Justice John Calls Them Down. 

Every now and then a new policeman realizing his duty 
as set forth, in his oath, attempts to enforce the law and he goes 
ahead as he has sworn to do and arrests for law violation and 
brings his prisoner into court. Then the grilling commences. 
Justice John begins his ridicule and makes the young officer 
feel like a fool right there in open court. On a recent oc- 
casion we were in this police court when a young officer ap- 
peared with his prisoner. The justice proceeded to lambast 
the young man and crack jokes at his expen?e until the fellow 
was ashamed to stand before him. And when we enquired the 
cause we were told that the officer had the audacity to arrest 

The Idea. 5 

some cue who was '"protected" in seme way and the officer liad 
not been instructed to make the arresr. 

You see certain kinds of offenses against the law may be 
committed with impunity by certain people who liave an in- 
fluence with the court, most likely through the police board. 

We can name four violations of the law which are daily 
committed under the very noses of the policemen and with the 
sanction of the courts. The offenders have an understanding 
that they will not be touched, and woe be to the poor policemen 
who is so careless of his job as to dare to have them arrested. 

Citizens have recently called our attention to four separ- 
ate instances where the attention of the police has been called 
to gross and flagrant violations of the law and the police refused 
to act because, as they said, they could not aft'ord lo offend tlie 
ring which practically was the law of the city. 

Justice John practically tells the police as the French king- 
told the people : "I am the law," let the statutes go to grass. 

Writers seldom write the things tbey think. They simply 
write the things they think other folks think they think.— 



The man who says he makes no mistakes is a liar. The 
man who makes none is dead. The livest president America 
has had. and perhaps the greatest and most democratic, Mr. 
Roosevelt, was not so near dead as to keep him from making- 

The good that Mr. McKinley might have accomplished 
was largely destroyed by his extreme caution and fear of mak- 
ing mistakes, his ultra-conservatism. 

The Idea is not ultra conservative and will not refuse to 
attempt any accomplishment simply through fear that it might 
make mistakes. We will use the utmost care to keep from fall- 
ing into error, but since to err is human — and we would not 
pose as super-human — we will sometimes err, and yet when we 
do make an error, we shall count it a privilege to correct that 

6 The Idea. 

error. If our writing conveys the wrong impression we will 
do our utmost to correct it. 

Since writing the article in our number of July 3rd on 
the bond issue, we learn that some of the men of that commit- 
tee who are above reproach feel that we have gone too far in 
censuring the committee as a whole. We desire to state that 
it was not our purpose to condemn the good men on that com- 
mittee. As a committee we would censure them for their action 
and yet we would not mean to say that the committee is com- 
posed entirely of rascals. 

We will say this, that though that committee has evidently 
by its unwise action cost the city $7,500.00, we believe, ajid 
even know, that there are good men on that committee who 
thought that they were doing the best thing foi- the city. 

This big fact remains however — that they sold the bonds 
to the first bidder without waiting and attempting to place 
them at a higher figure. And the little town of Petersburg 
even is now boasting that for their bond issue recently ordered 
they are having many inquiries from investors, showing that 
the people are ready to bid if they are ever given a chance. 

The council should be censured for making such an ex- 
ceedingly large and utterly uncalled for issue at this time and 
the committee should be reprimanded by the people for not 
making a better sale. 

If The Idea said anything to justify the impression that 
we regarded all the finance committee as rascals we desire to 
correct it. We do, however, continue to declare that a tremen- 
dous blunder was made by the committee which will entail a 
loss on the citizens of $7,500.00, which was absolutely unnec- 
essary and we continue to believe that the good men on that 
committee would not have been led to make such an error if it 
had not been to the financial interests of somebody .to make it 
appear to them that it was the right thing to do. Petersburg 
and Lynchburg are about to sell bonds in large issues. When 
these sales have been consummated we will show how these 
towns beatv Richmond on the deal. 

Those who sow dunce seed, vice seed, laziness seed, usu- 
ally get a crop. — Emerson. 

The Idea. 7 


We understand that some think that we are trying to make 
the people believe that all Richmond officials and coucilmen are 

There are many people who are willing to believe that all 
men in political positions are corrupt. We do not agTee with 
them. We could name many city officials who are not only 
above reproach but who are moreover of the highest order of 
rectitude and honesty. We will not attempt to name the large 
number of such men in Richmond's city hall. We will simply 
take as an example of that class, Mr. Pace, the efficient and 
honorable treasurer. 

Though we censure our system of city government and 
condemn it as rotten to the core and though Mr. Pace is part 
of that system, we still would not condemn Mr. Pace, but we 
would, on the other hand, uphold him and praise him as we 
would many other city officials. We point out the evils of the 
present system and of certain individuals of the present sys- 
tem in order to arouse people to a study of their government 
so that they may be able to change it for a more sane and busi- 
ness-like government in the shape of government by commission. 

But to get back — you ask — where is the evil in the coun- 
cil committees ? Let's answer by an illustration which has been 
used on public occasions before. A big concern wants to get 
accepted a certain bid. The representative finds that there is 
a certain lawyer very influential with the politicians. He 
knows that if he can get that lawyer his bid will be accepted. 
He offers the lawyer a fee of $100 in cash and says to him 
he has $500 more if his bid is accepted. The lawyer proceeds 
to work. He is gifted and influential. He sees the men of the 
committee in charge of the awards and persuades them that 
though his client's bid is larger still it would save them more 
than the difference to let the contract at the higher bid. His 
appeal carries and the city pays the bill and throws away $10,- 
000 of money, although every member of that committee may 
be above reproach. All that can be said is that the citizens 
had the bill to pay and the blame can not be placed. 

8 • The Idea. 

This is just the way all politicians know gi-afting is often 
done. When a committeeman cannot be found who can be 
bought an. outsider can. ISTow most of the council committees 
in Richmond have some weaklings on them, or worse, grafters 
on them, and through this weakling or gi-after the outside 
grafter works and in this way graft has gone on and is going 
on in Richmond. 

The councilmen admit they have not time to post them- 
selves and so they have to, take the word of others and these 
others are often the bought men. 

And the remedy is simply this. Government by a com- 
mittee of five experts who are paid to know and act accordingly. 

Such a committee or commission will know and feel their 
responsibility and the city will be saved hundreds of thousands 
of dollars every year just as the seventy or eighty cities are 
doing which have adopted this form. Richmond still blunders 
along with an ancient body of fifty-six incompetent, irresponsi- 
ble; jolly good fellows spending hours and hours of their valu- 
able time in senseless debates over things which they admit, 
when the voting time comes, they know nothing about and have 
to take somebody else's judgment on. 

The Idea is showing up these outlandish mistakes and 
blunders in order to get government by commission, the only 
common sense business-like plan ever adopted. Our council, 
however, don't like to let us have it because they will lose their 
influential positions which sometimes means their positions of 

Graft in Granting Whiskey License 

Duties of the Police Board 

Protection of Big Gamblers 

Who the Editor is 

The above are among -the topics to be discussed in our 
next issue. Subscribe now. $2.00 a vear. 

T 7i e I d e a. 9 


Boycotted by the Whiskey Interests 

Its Results— A Big Lesson for Other Papers. 

The Philadelphia North Americaii, in an editorial of June 
19tli, tells an interesting story of the way a boycott was en- 
forced against them by the distillers and brewers^ 

That editorial says: "* * * But when they whipped 
into line, not only the saloon men, but many hotel men, and 
warned everj^ store they traded with — sent to us warnings that 
even dealers in toothpicks and pickles and rubber bands had 
been warned by dire consequences' if they continued to adver- 
tise in the North American — when deputations sought to de- 
prive us of all department store advertising and sent boycotting 
committees to pretty 'much all Philadelphia merchants from 
whom the liquor men buy goods, it was, or we suppose it should 
have been, an exceedingly awesome warning. * "" * 

"But a surprise awaited us. * * * * j|^ -^^g g^ 
reflex result of the boycott that came with such surprising swift- 
ness that we had no fair chance to test our faith. * * * 
We speak our experience frankly that opposition aroused hon- 
estly hy a 'newspaper strong enough to stand alone and command 
the people's trust ivill create more support than it can take- 

'^It has been an exceedingly interesting experience. * * 
* The losses came but they came at the start, and we met them 
calmly. * * * ISTowadays, and every day, the columns of 
this newspaper show that there has been gain, not loss." 

All this boycott was made by the saloon men just because 
The North American stood for a policy of local option, and 
yet the whiskey people claim to believe in "personal liberty" 
and the next breath will attempt not only to destroy the per- 
sonal liberty but the very life of a paper whom they have not 

10 The Idea. 

money enough to buy out. This ought to show to the people 
of Richmond why the Times-DisjMtch and the News Leader 
can't afford, or think they can't afford to give the other side 
a fair show. 

The Philadelphia North American tells also of 


New Orleans. 

"Because its Policy Compelled it to Antagonize 
Abuses of the Liquor Trade." 

''A News Paper with a Conscience" 

U. S. Court Calls the Gamblers and Whiskey 

Men — "A Quasi-Criminal Portion of 

the Population." 

The American says: 

"We claim admiring fellowship with it because it has 
proved itself to he a newspaper with a policy and a conscience. 

A campaign was carried on by gamblers and their liquor 
allies to intimidate the Times-Democrat. It led to a law suit, 
and Judge Saunders of the U. S. District Court, in delivering 
the decision against the boycotters said in part: 'We cannot 
permit a quasi-criminal portion of the population to censor 
and dictate what the newspapers shall be permitted to say in 
their discussion of public questions. It was charged that a con- 
spiracy was formed for the purpose of breaking up and destroy- 
ing the business of one of the principal newspapers of the 
South, the Times-Democrat of IvTew Orleans. This paper has 

The Idea. 11 

taken a firm stand against the liquor and racing element of 
the State and as a result has aroused the ire of that portion of 
the population. They are said to have approached advertisers 
of the paper with a request to withhold the advertising matter 
until the paper changed its policy. Said Judge Saunders: 
'I cannot imagine a greater crime than this as the criminals 
are trying to destroy the free discussion of questions of. inter- 
est to the welfare of the city.' 

"It is a splendid decision," says the North American, 
"and we hope for the further enforcement of that and like 
rulings. For they would serve to unfetter the countless news- 
papers which would like to stand for the right if they could 
afford it." 

We wonder if the Neivs Leader and the Times-Dispatch 
belong to those "newspapers which would like to stand for the 
right if they could afford it." 

He wields the deadliest blade of all, who' lightest holds 
his life. — Timrod. 


What the Daily Papers Did and Didn't, When 
Petersburg Voted Wet and Radford Voted Dry. 

Radford voted dry Thursday of last week, June 24th, and' 
yet those who get the Times-Dispatch only don't know it yet, 
for Friday's paper did not say a word about it though they 
received a dispatch telling the whole story. Radford went dry 
about two to one and there was great interest throughout the 
State in the election and we have looked through the paper 
three times for some reference to it, either editorially or as 
a news item, and yet it can not be discovered. It may possibly 
be there as we did not use a microscope, but we have asked 
friends if they had read it and they knew nothing about it, 

12 The Idea. 

and tJbey were suri^rised that here a week after they did not 
know that such an important thing had happened in the State. 
We have also searched diligently through Saturday's paper, all 
to the same result. Kot there. We will offer the assertion that 
if Radford had gone wet the news would not have been sup- 
pressed. Oh ! no. When Petersburg went wet the daily pa- 
pers here like a drowning man jumping at a straw, sung out 
with one accord that the "Tide had Turned," and that the great 
prohibition wave had been checked but they refused to conunent 
on the return of the big tidal wave when "Radford voted dry. 

When a far-off town in Ohio went wet they not only gave 
it gTeat prominence as a news item but made it the subject of 
long .editorials and wdiooped and howled much over the big 
victory of evil over right, but when a town in their own State 
votes dry "all is quiet along the James." 

The Leader and the Journal were not much better. They 
simply gave a very obscure inner page notice of it which few 
people saw and we have as yet not noticed any editorial com- 
ment from any of the Richmond papers. 

ISTo, they are absolutely unfair. They are using their 
large influence as disseminators of news to suppress that news 
which to them is not aeTeeable. This is whv The Idea is re- 
ceiving so many communications' thanking us for exposing them 
and berating these Richmond daily papers for not giving them 
a square deal. When a yellow man murders a girl in a far- 
off city then some yellow journals insult our eyes and ears for 
days with long columns of the yellowest kind of outlandish 
rot, tending to low^er the morals of Richmond, and yet sup- 
press that which will accomplish much good and is an item of 
clean and important interest. 

Can w^e expect a community to grow in civic virtue if its 
press is grown so commercial and debased as to cater to the 
low and vile and indecent and horrible in human nature. 

And these, same yellow daily* mold the very thought and 
action of Richmond. 

No circumstances can repair a defect in character. — Ralph 
Waldo Emerson. 

The Idea. 13 


Several days after writing the above a fricud of ours has 
discovered for us the little Radford announcement in the Times- 
Dispatch of June 25th. We print it below to show what it 
looked like. As you will sec it was in lines like an ad. and 
with other ads., and it waS' the only news item we could find 
in that paper, with the single exception of another little; half- 
inch item at the bottom of a page, which was set up like an ad. 
The average reader does not read the ads and therefore the 
average reader did not see this item. We would ask the Times- 
. Dispatch why they did not treat this as other news matter 
and give it a place where' one would expect to find news items'. 
Is it because the whiskey people have said something to them 
about boycotting. People of Richmond have a right to a square 


Radford, Va., June 21. — The "drys" won by a majority 
of 104 votes in a local option election here to-day. The "dry" 
majority two years ago was 153. The total vote cast to-day was 
383, of which the 'Svets" cast 139 and the "dry&" 243. The 
total vote two years ago was 398, of which the "drys" had 275 
and the "wets" 123. 

Lx\TER.— July 1st. The Times-Dispatch for to-day has 
a slight mention of the victory of the drys in Franklin. The 
dispensary was put out by a vote according to their paper of 
nearly three toi one^ — 210 to 79. 

The point of interest, lioAvever, is that the paper put this 
up as an ad. just as they did the Radford notice. We found it 
because after the Radford notice we knew how to. expect this 
in an unexpected place. 

The Times-Dispatch gave the Franklin dry election two 
and a half inches and the Radford dry election one and a half 
inches, both in very obscure places, and yet gave long outland- 
ish prominence to the wet victory in Peterstown, on the very 
first page and besidesi editorially. 

Let us have fair play. Each one of the Richmond papers 
gave separately many times the prominence to the lonesome 

14 The I dea. 

wet victory at Petersburg that they all together gave to the 
two drv victories in Radford and Franklin. 


Jackson, Michigan, July 1st. Governor Johnson of Minne- 
sota, delivering an address here last night said: 

"I view with contempt the man who swears to enforce a 
law and then cast it aside with the excuse that it is not backed 
by public opinion. There is not a law on the statute books that 
cannot be enforced." 

Governor Johnson's topic was "The Majesty of the Law." 
He said that the majority of the law-makers are honest men, 
but that there is too much lack of respect for the law. 

We reprint this press report to show the mayor how others 
regard an oath of office. 


In Control of a Thing Which He Does Not Know 

to Exist 

In pursuance of our policy of standing for law enforcement 
we would call attention of the mayor to his peculiar position. 

The mayor seems to defend his failure to enfoce the law 
on the gTOund that, as he says, he "could not on oath, swear that 
the law was being violated" and in reference to the red light 
evil, he said "I could not take oath that I know of my own 
knowledge that these places were bawdy houses," and then a few 

T h e I d e a. 15 

minutes later he said — "I think this is the only way to deal 
with this evil. We have these jDlaces under control and that 
is better than making them scatter all over the city where they 
can not be controlled." 

How does that strike you ? He can't swear that these 
places exist although he says they are under his control. He 
can swear on oath to enforce the law, yet it don't make any 
difference if he don't enforce it. • 

Now as a matter of fact the only control that is had over 
these places is one of license; these places are permitted to 
exist, provided they don't do certain things. In other words 
they may violate all the State law they want to provided they 
do not violate certain little regulations of the police board. 
The State law is a email matter compared with these rules 
issued from the office of the police board dominated largely by 
such men as Chris. Manning, who was indicted by the grand 
jury a few years ago for misdemeanor. ISTow the law makes 
the mayor, ex-officio president of this board and also gives him 
power to expell from office any member of this board and it 
holds him, as head of this board and as head of the city gov- 
ernment, responsible for the acts of this board. 

And yet corrupt politicians so control this board and the 
police and the mayor himself that he can not even attempt 
to enforce the law which he has sworn to enforce and to defend 
himself he has to say I can't swear that they exist but "we have 
them under control." 

The trouble is a deep one. The citizens have permitted 
such corrupt men to dominate the city that they make it neces- 
sary for the mayor to defend them at the expense of breaking 
his oath of office and even putting himself in the awkward 
position of "controlling a thing which he does not know, to 
exist." ISTot only does the police department which is under di- 
rect control of the mayor know of the existence of these places 
but the chief of police keeps a list of the names of the occupants 
of these houses so that they can keep track of them and keep 
control of them, and we are even informed, though we are not 
yet able to verify it, that the police actually keep the pictures 
of these women so that they may keep tab on them. 

16 The Idea. 


Praise for the police. We know of the existence of houses 
of ill fame which are far removed from this Mayo street sec- 
tion, and they are permitted to exist, although the property 
owners and the people who use these streets object. 

The police have been solicited to break up these places for 
the jDublic good but have refused to act because they were re- 
strained from so doing- by those over them. We repeat it, po- 
lice can not enforce the law because the board restrains them 
and they do not want to lose their ])ositions. ISTeither do they 
want to be lectured and laughed at in the police court because 
their action does not meet the approval of the jxdice justice. 

If you or I agreed to do certain things for an employer 
and then he put over usu a minor official with power to dis- 
charge us and this minor official told us to do something which 
was contrary to our agreement with the employer what do you 
think you or I would do ? The average you or I would feel 
like certainly keeping our job and so we'd very likely obey 
the one in immediate charge. 

So it is with the police; to keep their positions they feel 
they must obey the board and the justice, the law to the con- 
trary, notwithstanding, and this is why the laws in Richmond 
are not enforced. The policemen are not to be blamed. They 
have the littles one to feed. The board is to blame, and that 
could be remedied if Mayor Richardson would do his duty. 

Let the mayor do his duty or else the people will have a 
right to think that the ring permitted his election because they 
knew they could handle him. 

Come out and show yovfr colors, Mr. Richardson. Whom 
will you serve, the people or the board. 

'^o\v we would not have the good people believe that we 
place Mr. Richardson on the same moral plane as that of the 
board, and we would not blame him but for the fact that the 
laws of the State hold him and him alone as the responsible 
head of the executive department of the city and as far as 
the law is concerned, if these others under him are wrona: the 
law holds him respousilde for the acts of the whole department, 
and gives him unlimited power over all under him. 

WE SELL and Guarantee 

The New Columbia 
Champion Refrig= 
erators, New Pro= 
cess Qas Ranges, 
McDougall Kitchen 

And Everything: in Reliable 

Furnilureand floor Coverings 

JONES BROS. & CO., Inc. 

1418=1420 E. Main St., Richmond, Va. 

Take it for granted that 
truths Will harmonize; 
and as for the falsities 
and mistakes, they will 
speedily die of themselves 

— Emerson 






To the Boy selling the largest number of 

copies of The Idea for the month of July 

we will give a Handsome Watch^ and to 

the next nine we will give suitable 

prizes, to be announced later. 

Begin now by getting people to 

promise to take The Idea 

from you REGULARLY 

... BOYS ... 

904 Capitol Street 
next door to Park 
Hotel, Corner 9th 
and Broad Streets 


Jefferson Pressing Club, 22d and Clay Sts. 
MODEL NEWS CO., 519 W. Broad St. 
And ABBOTT'S News-stand in Manchester 





Vol. Ill July 24, 1909 No. 8 

$2.00 A YEAR 

Andy Griffith, Policy King 
Saunders and Leaman 

Boss and Lieutenant 

Buying Votes 

In Manchester and Richmond 

Graft in Granting Licenses 

Who the Editor Is 

Servants or Masters 


Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 

For Slightly Used Furniture 

The Mayo Furniture Co. 

1402 East Main Street, 

which opened its doors June 1st, last, has sold more Furni- 
ture than any TWO houses in Richmond. In fine and 
medium grades they are the lowest priced house in the 


R. H. EwiRg 




Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk Paving, Halls, 
Vestibules, Basements, &c. 

The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, and he 
takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work and straight 
forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled. 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill JULY 24, 1909 No. 8 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 


Boss and Lieutenant 

The I'hncs-Dispatcli last week published a long list of the 
candidates for membership on the city Democratic committee, 
and merely mentioned the fact that there had developed oppo- 
sition to two members, Sannders and Leaman. There is hardly 
a man in Richmond who does not believe that if the papers 
here would fight for clean government they could easily put out 
of office such men as Clyde Saunders, political boss, and 
"Dutch" Leaman, his lieutenant, than whom Richmond has 
never been cursed with men more dangerous to the cause of 
purity and civic righteousness, yet the papers will not say one 
word to help put such men out of their positions of power and 
political corruption. It is a shame on the fair name of the city 
that it cannot enlist the press in any move to unseat such 
men with such large powers of corrupting elections, and when 
the decent people in Clay Ward want to rid their ward of 
the evil influence of Clyde, or Slide, Saunders, they have to 
make the fio:ht in the verv face of the silent attitude of as- 

2 The Idea. 

sistaiice which the daily papers lend to the elements of cor- 
rupt ipn. 

The powers of darkness do not wish to be fought for openly. 
They do not want any public fight in their behalf. They rely 
on darkness and if they were paying for it they would not ask 
for any better aid than the papers are giving them by their 
policy of silence. 

When the good Democrats of Madison ward ^vould throw 
off Dutch Leaman and to this extent purify the political at- 
mosphere of that ward they have not a single daily paper to 
help them by its publicity. 

Shame on the daily press of Richmond, which refuses to 
use the talents given it. 

What a pity that the ancient Democracy of the capitol of 
the State should have to bow do%ATi to men like Saunders and 
Leaman before exercising their rights of American citizenship. 
• And Leaman is the same Leaman, who, at the time of the Bell 
Co. scandal a few years ago, admitted that he accepted $900 of 
ooiruption money from the Bell Co. to help influeuce voters in 
granting that company certain valuable franchises. 


As we go to press the papers report that the Manchester 
grand jury will m'ake an investigation of the charge that has 
frequently been made that several of the liquor dealers of Man- 
chester combined and out of their own pockets paid a number 
of the voters' poll taxes last spring. It is stated "that the names 
of the men who handled the money are known and that they 
will be called as witnesses." 

The Times-Dispatch article adds that the liquor dealers 
make the claim "that were any taxes paid for voters by other 
parties it was done by those interested one way or the other in 
the consolidation question and that the liquor people had 
nothing to do with it." 

The Idea. 3 

"My! 'what u flimsy excuse, especially when every one 
knows that it is a common practice among the whiskey people 
to use money to influence (slections in this way. The papers 
published here in Richmond that Richmond whiskey men sent 
large sums of money to Bristol to be used in getting votes there 
in the recent election. 

We showed in The Idea last week that thousands! of dollars 
were spent last spring by the Richmond whiskey men in paying 
taxes on the Richmond side of the river and since we printed 
that the names of two men have been handed us who gave up 
their other work and spent all their time for days in paying 
ta^es for those who were sent to them by the bar people and 
that many thousands of dollars went through the hands of 
these two men alone for this unlawful purpose. 

Think of it ! ISTot simply do hundreds of bums vote now 
who could not vote before, but many hundreds more who might 
not be classed so low because they do have some personal prop- 
erty, were qualified to vote by the money of whiskey men and 
that these fellows hold the balance of power in any normal fight 
and thus practically rule Richmond, not only in wet and dry 
elections, but in all elections. This one fact is sufiicient ex- 
planation of the big question so often asked, 'Vhy can't clean 
men be elected to office in Richmond ?" 

If "Slide" Saunders and "Dutch" Leaman are elected on 
August 5th, you ought to know why. 


In looking into political conditions here we have run up on 
many reports as to rotttenness and graft and they have been so 
numerous that we have been very slow to believe them and then 
after investigation we have been astounded that such conditions 
could have existed so long without the daily papers doing some- 
thing to break them up. The people have a right to expect the 
daily papers to say something and certainly after the light has 
been turned on, and yet the papers are used as a cloak for 

4 T h e I dea. 

crime by keeping silent. Ami let ns say right here that we have 
been offered money to stop exjaosing certain evils here in Rich- 
mond and we know that we conld make money by catering to 
the criminal element for they will pay handsomely for. protec- 
tion from publicity and we often wonder when we see the atti- 
tude of suppression of news which the papers assume whether 
they have been shown that it will pay them better to keep quiet 
than to expose wrong-doing. 

Just think of it for a moment — we have unearthed a sys- 
tem of graft and winking at crime that is a disgTace to the fair 
name of any city and yet not a single daily paper and, 7nirabile 
dictu, not a single religious paper — -and many religious papers 
are published in Richmond- — not a single one of them has 
sounded a warning note against the grafters. Is this true ? 

To our minds it is one of the ominous signs of the times 
that our religious, as well asi secular, press is so dependent on 
the financial assistance of wrong-doers that they do not dare 
to take a stand against the evils at their door. 

If there is graft in !J^ew York City, you can count on both 
the daily papers and the religious weeklies writing long edi- 
torials lamenting the fact of such crime, but when the crime 
is in their own home thev are as silent as the grave. 


Thousands of Dollars Paid to Smith, Pollock and 
Others for Their Influence in Securing Licenses. 

We have many letters and verbal communications from citi- 
zens concerning an enormous graft system which has been go- 
ing on for the last two years in the city. This information 
shows a frightful state of affairs in reference to granting liquor 
licenses and the rei:)orts we have had w^ere so revolting that we 
would not at first believe them because they pointed at the 
courts themselves with such forceful charges of corrnption. 

We have, however, carefully investigated and verified these 

The Idea. ' 5 

reports and find them only too true and so we publish here cer- 
tain facts which shouhl cause the Christian people of Richmond 
to arouse in their righteous indignation and blot out forever 
the crimes which underlie these public evils and they should 
thus make Richmond a city whose citizens can point with pride 
to their government and say, "We have put the grafters out 
and Richmond can henceforth truthfully say, our city is hon- 
estly run, our taxes are honestly spent, we get dollar for dollar 
in return for our expenditures and citizens can get a square 
deal in the capitol of Virginia, birth-j)lace of American Lib- 

As it is, however, there is graft in the granting of whiskey 

You see, applications have to be filed in January for the 
current year's licenses and as there are always more applicants 
than the 150 licenses which can be granted, and as the court 
has about two months to grant the licenses in, the barkeepers 
are always in doubt as to who will be given a license until the 
last license is granted. 

In the meantime certain lawyers get busy and one of them 
goes to a saloon keeper whose license has not yet been granted 
and says you give me one hundred dollars and I'll use my 
influence to get your license through and if I get it you pay 
me $300 more, and the saloon keeper generally forks up the 
amount and if he has been keeping a rather disorderly place, 
the fee charged is of course larger and so certain politicians 
in Richmond have made many thousands of dollars each year 
just through this saloon, graft alone. 

j\Ir. Pollock has openly made the boast on many occasions 
in the presence of men very prominent in city affairs that he 
had made thousands of dollars in this way. 

Mr. Harry Smith is another who has made luuch money in 
this manner, and it is rumored that others have done likewise, 
but we have been unable to verify these reports in respect to 
the others. 

IS^ow, what does all this mean ? Does it mean that the Hus- 
tings court is also corrupt ? It certainly means that those who 
pay the bill think so. Can you concieve of a barkeeper paying 

6 The Idea. 

to a lawyer from $100 to $500 or more for his influence in 
getting a license if he did not think that the judge of the court, 
who is the only one who can possibly grant licenses, was to 
get at least a part of that money? 

It is absurd to pay a lawyer for a thing when the lawyer 
is not the one who gTants the thing. 

Courts are not supposed to be influenced by what an out- 
sider will say. And especially is this true when there is no 
trial, — when no pleading is necessary,- — when no interpreting 
the law is in question, — when legal knowledge hasi absolutely 
no bearing in the case, yet here we hare men who, besides pay- 
ing the license required by law for the sale of whiskey, etc., 
pay another big sum of money for that privilege into the hands 
of professional grafters who make a business of living like para- 
sites oif the body of a corrupt and outlaw business. 

We confess it is sickening to have to be the disseminator of 
such loathsome news as this, for, though every bar man in town 
is perfectly familiar with this rotten state of affairs, still he 
knows that if he talks too much his license can be taken away 
by any one who has enough "influence" to have that license 


Inasmuch as the editor of The Idea has bee^i maligned and 
lied about by those who feel that The Idea hurts their business, 
i. e., by the crooked politicians and those special interests which 
rely for their existence on the crooked politician, we deem it 
wise to depart from our usually modest custom of keeping our- 
selves in the background and so we publish below a few state- 
ments which will serve to introduce us to our readers and thus 
correct certain false impressions concerning our history and 
our motive in publishing this magazine. 

To be brief, the Editor planned for years to make the min- 
istry his vocation and to that end he took a course of study at 
Richmond College, from which he was graduated in 1900 with 
the B-. A. Degree, and then gave his time to preaching and" 

The Idea. 7 

teaching. He found that not being able to conform very read- 
ily to denominational tenets he could accomplish more as an 
editor than as a preacher and, in order to prepare for editorial 
work he gave np preaching and obtained employment with the 
People's ISTational Bank of Lynchburg as assistant bookkeeper. 
From this position he went to that of bookkeeper for the 
wholesale lund)er concern of Massie & Pierce, and it was while 
with them that the first number of The Idea was published 
in July, 1906. 

The Idea was publislied "semi-occasionally" in Lynch- 
burg, until April of this year, four numbers appearing this 
year, the last one a month after we had decided to move to 
Richmond. Let the statement answer those who have been cir- 
culating reports that The Idea vma run out of Lynchburg, The 
fact is that those very people who make this statement, namely, 
the whiskey people, are the very ones that The Idea was so 
largely instrumental in ruiming out of Lynchburg. 

We don't think that those who read The Idea are inclined 
to think that The Idea is the running kind. The only trouble 
that The Idea ever had was when Judge Christian of Lynch- 
burg, in JSTovember, 1906, nearly three years ago, issued a rule 
against the editor for "contempt of court" in that The Idea 
had exercised its rights in criticizing the judge for his immoral 
acts. N^ow let it be -clearly understood that when the editor 
took an appeal from the little judge's decision that judge is 
■said to have remarked to a friend on Main Street, that he would 
give $5,000 to get out of the scrape. And let this be known 
also that the little judge was reversed by the Supreme Court 
of the State, and the rights of The Idea upheld. 

IsTow in order that we may be more clearly seen by the peo- 
ple of Richmond we publish below extracts from letters of 
recommendation given us by men well known here in the city 
of Richmond. 

Dr. William E. Hatcher, President of the Board of Trus- 
tees of Richmond College wrote: "Your record was full of 
honor at Richmond College, and I expect you to honor the Col- 
lege in the future." 

Dr. Chas. H. Winston, Professor of Physics, wrote : "He 

8 The Idea. 

stood well in his class and impressed me very favorably, both 
personally and as a student. He has much of the true Scien- 
tific spirit." 

Professor R. E. Gaines wrote: "I have known him inti- 
mately and have had abundant evidence of his intellectual 
ability and straightforwardness -of character. * * * j 
heartily recommend him for his character, attainments, and 
social qualities indicate that he will be a successful teacher." 

Professor R. J. Kellogg of Greek wrote: "He graduated 
with high honors at the commencement just past, and has se- 
cured a very thorough grasp of the language. His character 
as a man and Christian is thoroughly good. I can give him 
strong recommendations." 

Dr. Boatwright, President, wrote : "He finished the work of 
his classes with distinction. He possesses abilities much above 
the average. *, * * j believe he will do faithfully what 
he undertakes, and his abilities and his intellectual training 
should enable him to achieve disting-uished success." 

We have many other letters from others, but publish these 
from Richmond men in order to introduce ourselves by Rich- 
mond people to Richmond people. 

We hope we will not be considered immodest in publishing 
these statements ahout ourselves, especially as we do it in order 
to correct false impressions. 

Now as to the recent work of The Idea in Lynchburg, 

Let us add these two brief passages from Lynchburg men: 

Rev. W. A. Ayers, the gifted pastor of College Hill Bap- 
tist church in Lynchburg, of which the editor is a member, 
wrote on May 31st, last: "I regret that you are separated from 
us and from our church work. I trust that you may be enabled 
to accomplish as much for Richmond as you have for Lynch- 
buj-g. I feel that you did a work here of which you may well 
be proud. 1. The red light district was cleaned up. 2. A bet- 
ter administration of city affairs and last, the saloons were re- 
moved. You had the sympathy of the best people here. I wish 
to join with your host of friends in placing a wreath upon your 
brow, for the good you wrought for the common weal of the 
people. I bespeak for you the sympathy and ^up]Dort of the 

The Idea. 9. 

best people in Riclimond and especially the pastors of the 
churches there, etc." * * * 

Your friend and brother, Yv . A . Ayers-. 
Rev. J. L. Nichols, the fearless jDastor of the Metliodist 
Protestant Church, wrote: "I have heard many of the people 
speaking of the good work done by you in your litlle sheet and 
we hope that you will be given the opportunity to do as much 
in Richmond. Your place will be hard to fill here. I hope 
the ministers of the city will endorse your work .ind help you 
all they can and pray for your success in uncovering sin and 
defeating; the works of darkness." 

If the preachers in Richmond would care to fight, tlicy 
could put the public rascality on the run and make out of l\ich- 
mond a clean city in a year's time. 


Who'll Win in the Idea's Newsboy Contest? 

One Hustler Sells 112 of one Issue. 

Newsiboys are much interested in the outcome of the con- 
test now going on for the watch to be given to the boy selling 
the largest number of copies of The Idea in the month of Jnly. 

There will be nine other valuable prizes, so that the hust- 
lers won't be disappointed if they fail to be number one when 
.the decision is announced about August 3d. There are five 
issiues for the month of July, and it will take until Monday, 
the 2nd of August to get in all the returns. The decision will 
be announced in the number of August the 7th. The manage- 
ment of The Idea is gratified by the success of the maga- 
zine; is proud to announce the circulation has gradually in- 
creased to 3, 500, as shown by our statement to the Post-Office 

10 The Idea. 

Department, sworn to before a notary in our application for 

second-class mailing- privileges. 

This statement shows a distribntion of the 3,500 copies as 

follows : 

Copiesi to . news agents 1,025 

Copies sold by newsboys 2,255 

Copies sold over counter and given away. . 25 

Regular subscribers 70 

Copies to be mailed as. samples 125 

■ Total 3,500 

One newsboy sold 112 copies last Saturday and we are very 
desirous of getting more boys like him. Made $2.24 which is 
a good sum for any boy in these days. 

ISTow we have several routes we want worked by live, up- 
to-date boys. We want several boys for the west end and for 
Barton Heights and Church Hill and other sections of town 
and if we can find good boys we will make special inducements 
to them. Call this to tlie attention of some live boy in your 
neighborhood and have him come down to see us, on Monday, 
preferably, and we will show him how he can make a good little 
sum every week. 

Are you an individual or only one of the push ? — Huhhard. 


. Here is a story which we. purloin bodily from The Philis- 
tine and patch up to suit the occasion: 

A young woman gets on a Lakeside car and taking a copy 
of The Idea out of her Boston bag, beginsi to read. She evi- 
dently has not read more than a couple of pages, when she 
slowly and carefully takes off her shoes and stockings. She 
turns the stockings wrong side out, puts them on again, and 
replaces her shoes. 

The passengers -look on, first amused and then perplexed. 
An old gentleman finally reaches over and says, "You will par- 
don my seeming rudeness, lady, but why did you just now en- 
gage in this strange procedure V 

The Idea. 11 

''Why, sir, I was reading The Idea and I found the text 
siich hot stuff that I felt compelled to turn the hose on my- 
self." And over the meadow the bob-white sang to its mate, 
and the white clouds scurried across the blue. 

Is it right for a councilman who had a voice in deciding the 
salary of a justice to be allowed to practice in that justice's 
court ? 

We understand that Coun>cilman Pollock was largely influ- 
ential in raising the salary of Justice Crutchfield and yet this 
same councilman has nearly all the cases which come up in 
Justice Crutchfield's court. This is a gross miscan-iage of jus- 
tice. Every man is human and every justice must be influenced 
consciously or unconsciously, by the wishes of one who helps 
fix his salary. 


The people are largely responsible for the fact that their 
public officials get above their positions and become haughty and 
proud. We 'appoint a man to serve us, and then whenever we 
desire to instruct our servants we find ourselves, the sovereign, 
humiliating ourselves before the servant and begging, petition- 
ing, "praying" him to do our will, when we should just simply 
instruct or direct him so to do. When we appear before him to 
express our orders to him and find him overbearing instead of 
giving him orders we find ourselves cringing and cowering be- 
fore him, who holds his position as a gift and a duty imposed 
by our hands. 

ISTow it comes about this way. We are an English-speaking 
people, and we inherit our legal forms and laws from England, 
which is a monarchy. In England the people are servants to 
the king and the courts. In America the people are the sover- 
eigns to the president and the courts. In a monarchy the people 
have to pray the king for needed reforms. In America we 
have to instruct our representatives for needed reforms. 

12 The Idea. 

But it happens in America we have borrowed our legal 
phrases from the law books of England, and so, when we want 
to get anything done, we pick np an English law book and pe- 
tition and pray and beg for a thing that is not our servant's 
to give. 

If you were a judge you would likely overlook these ancient 
servial formalities ; but, unfortunately, we sometimes get a 
judge who can't stand this bowing down to, who is not big 
enough to see the joke, but on the other hand he takes himself 
and the people too seriously and he thinks he is in fact a great 
sovereign of the people to be bowed down before. 

You know some people can't stand success or authority 
thrust upon them. It just ruins them. Whereas, if thfey had 
occupied some menial position they might have been real de- 
cent folks. 

Some of you had better stop grinning over the way The 
Idea hit the other fellow, and commence rubbing the spot where 
you got hit, for The Idea means to hit every citizen who has 
not manhood enough to take some active stand and do some 
actual personal work for the betterment of conditions in his 
own government, when he himself is a part of the kingly author- 
ity of that government and can no more shirk that responsibil- 
ity than a king can. You cannot wash your hands of any pub- 
lic duty by refusing to do your part of the disagreeable work, 
because, forsooth, you can't afford, for business reasons, to an- 
tagonize anyone. Your duty as a sovereign citizen of Rich- 
mond and of Virginia comes before your selfish duty to your 
business, because, if anarchy and tyranny have sway here what 
will become of the little fortune you diave amassed for your 
children? The best way to look out for your posterity is to 
take some active part in looking out for good government. 

Our forefathers helped us more by fighting for personal and 
religious liberty than they could have done by amassing wealth 
for the corruption of the moral and ]diysical welfare of their 

We wonder why a certain police commissioner who has a 
fine paying job besides being police commissioner, makes the 

The Idea. 13 

boast that of the two jobs he'd much rather be police coniinis- 
•sioner. Yet some people don't believe therq is any graft in 


Partner of Clyde Saunders in Stock Farm 

So many communications have come to us concerning the 
wide open policy game being run in Richmond that we have 
sifted the matter down and find that a much worse state of af- 
fairs exists than we had ever suspected. 

Wo find the following condition of things. The police de- 
partment is in silent partnership with Andy Griffith, the saloon 
keeper on lower Franklin Street, so that his men are never ar- 
rested when it is at all possible to ignore their doings. Besides 
his, large policy dealings with white people, Griffith emiDloys 
a large force of negro men at so much a day to do the dealing 
with the ignorant negroes who infest this, the vilest section of 
the city. lie agrees to pay their fines for them if they are 
caught and they therefore work very boldly and make the pol- 
icy shop a wonderful investment. 

Everyone knows the strong temptation to the superstitious 
negro to gamble and Griffith knows from experience that in 
them lies a source of immense revenue to him. The gambling, 
however, is not confined to the negroes — oh, no. Many respect- 
aible white men have lost vast sums of money through this fac- 
inating game of chance. 

But when it comes to breaking up the game, there comes 
the rub. You see the influence of the ring is behind G-riffith so 
that his game cannot be broken up. His position, therefore, of 
protected policy king is estimated by a man of large affairs here 
to be worth at least $50,000 a year and there are many who 
believe that were it not for this big gambling interest Anthony 
Griffith would not be the large owner of race horses and dairy 
cattle as he is. 

14 The Idea. 

A recent article in the News-Leader tells of the large strijig 
of race "horses sent from Acca Farm to the Lake Erie circuit 
in a special palace express car" by Anthony Griffith and Clyde 
W. Saunders. 

Now the point to be made is this, that Clyde Saunders, 
recognized boss of Richmond and sub-chairman of the Demo- 
cratic city committee, is partner to Mr. Griffith. Mr. Saun- 
ders .acknowledges that his influence in things j^olitical is worth 
money to him. Of course it is, likewse worth, money to his 
partner, and to one who h'as looked into affairs it appears to 
be worth thousands and thousands of dollars to him. 

As we have stated before certain laws are not enforced at 
all in Richmond', because those in charge think they have a 
right to "use their own discretion" in the matter. There is no 
doubt about the fact that, from a short-sighted view, it pays them 
to "use their discretion" in refusing to bring to justice those 
who violate the following laws: (1) The Gambling Laws; (2) 
The Sunday Closing Laws; and (3) House of 111 Fame Laws. 

These three laws are constantly and openly violated under 
sanction of the police department over which Mayor Richardson 
is head and Mr. Richardson keeps quiet and simply remarks, 
"It is not wise to enforce the law" though he has sworn "I 
do solemnly swear" to uphold all the laws of the) Common- 
wealth of Virginia. 

]!^ow, we think that the Mayor realizes his false position, 
but he can't afford to go back on those who put him in office by 
enforcing the law because he is ambitious to go to Congress, 
and he just must have the support of the ring in order to make 

No, we can see how ^Ir. Richardson has a glorious chance 
to come out and enforce the law and thus defy the ring, and 
pave his way in the popular esteem for more honors in the fu- 
ture but The Idea is going to so turn on the light that unless 
he does enforce the laws of the State he will not only stand 
no show for Congress but he'll even lose the little job of Mayor 
he's got, for there is a way for the sovereign people to compel 
their servants to do what they have hired them for, and the 
people are waking up to their power and it is simply a ques- 

T h e I d e a. 15 

tion of time when one going into office in Richmond will find 
a patli of duty which he dare not depart from. 

You see the Democratic committee which runs things in 
this town is bossed by Saunders and Leaman and Griffith and 
Ferrandini and their kind, and these four members of the Dem- 
ocratic committee are barkeepers, or ex-barkeepers or partners 
to barkeepers. 

Don't see any graft, do you ? 

It is true that there are some laws- on the statute books of 
Virginia which shonld not be there, but the only way to get rid 
of them is to enforce them. There is no use in making crimi- 
nals of the people by keeping them on the books. And there is 
no reason for a mayor making himself an oath violator simply 
because the law is not, in his opinion, a good one. 

Live up to your oath ! Enforce all the laws ! And then if 
any are wrong laws the legislature can be counted on to repeal 
them. Don't violate your oath and make criminals out of the 
people, Mr. Mayor. 


According to J. Thompson Brown, the Commissioner of Ag- 
riculture should spell his name with a '"C" for a Coiner of 
Falsehood. Likewise he runs a propaganda of lies, in the in- 
terest of his present candidacy. It looks ugly for the com- 
missioner because Mr. Brown leaves off gloves, accepts an 
aggressive attitude towards Mr. Koiner and cites witnesses, 
including the president of the joint committees on Agricul- 
ture to testify in the premises. True Mr. Brown wants Mr. 
Koiner's berth, but he has a right to want it and his prompt 
acceptance of the onus prohandi will go far toward securing the 
good will of the electorate. 

Mr. Koiner's veracity and good .faith are challenged point 
blank and Mr. Brown names enough witnesses to upset the 
Koiner apple cart right in the road unless the Commissioner 
is prepared to adduce some exceedingly telling evidence in re- 
buttal. It is up to the Commissioner now to prove Brother 
Bro^vn a liar and a slandered or one more beneficiary of the 
office-holders' trust is liable to go down in the dust of defeat. 

16 The Idea. 

The measures of a freight-traffic sclieclule are predicated on 
that simple rule the ''ancient plan that they may take who have 
the power and fhey may keep who can." Moreover, these 
measures are adjusted to the flexible standard expressed in 
conjure dialect as "all the traffic will bear." Look out sweet 
railway barons ! You are just emerged from one "bad, black 
scare. Take heed lest a woisser case befall. Service rendered 
. is the basis of freight charged. Gauging the gauge by any fancy 
yardstick is worshipping the ''Moloch of Names," the blackest 
devil of the bunch. 

An era of right thinking is dawning upon us. A wag said 
the other day, of a cross-eyed girl, otherwise beautiful, "that 
girl's sitraight, but she looks crooked." So thousands of us look- 
ing through mental strabismus at simple facts, have been see- 
ing life in distorted shape. Other thousands gazing from the 
wrong point of view have been forcing false values on life and 
the world as it pasises in show. Blind partisans we have set 
our faces against truth and valued men for opinions sake;, 
rather than the virtue that animates their dealings with each 
other. Get to your proper point of view, while you are seeing 
things straight. A corrupt Democrat is neither more nor less 
than corrupt. Thousands of them there are amongst us, wear- 
ing the livery of heaven, while they eagerly serve the cause of 
hell and a crooked Republican walks in crooked ways and the 
age of grab and graft is prolonged and extended, because we 
won't look straight. Partisanry is made part of our religion 
while we are fast forgetting how knowledge is sweet and Truth 
lends its, wings to freedom. The officials of your governmental 
machinery are your servants. Weigh your servants, and exact 
true service of them. Don't let them off with a lip litany of 
partisanry they set up, in lieu of a genuine creed of duty. 


"I was rich in flowers and trees. 
Humming birds' and honey bees ; 
For my sport the squirrel played. 
Plied the snouted mole his spade." 

WE SELL and Guarantee «, 

The New Columbia 
Champion Refrig= 
erators, New Pro= 
cess Gas Ranges, 
McDougall Kitchen 

And Everything in ReUable 

rurnitureand floor Coverings 


1418=1420 E. Main St., Richmond, Va. 

Help the cause of civic 
cleansing by patroniz- 
ing those who adver- 
tise in The IDEA, and 
tell them where you 
saw their ad ... . 

T)on 't Forget it, "Please 






To the Boy selling the largest number of 

copies of The Idea for the month of July 

we will give a Handsome Watch ^ and to 

the next nine we will give suitable 

prizes, to be announced later. 

Begin now by getting people to 

promise to take The Idea 

from you REGULARLY 

... BOYS ... 

904 Capitol Street 
next door to Park 
Hotel, Corner 9th 
and Broad Streets 


Jefferson Pressing Club, 22d and Clay Sts. 
MODEL NEWS CO., 519 W. Broad St. 
And ABBOTT'S News-stand in Manchester 





Vol. Ill July 31, 1909 No. 9 

$2.00 A YEAR 


The Idea Sued 

Electric Contract Graft 

Koiner, Commissioner 

Democratic Committee 

Police Sergeant Drunk 

Car Transfer Graft 

For The Mayor 
In the Same Boat 


Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 

For Slightly Used Furniture 

The Mayo Furniture Co. 

1402 East Main Street, 

which opened its doors June 1st, last, has sold more Furni- 
ture than any TWO houses in Richmond. In fine and 
medium grades they are the lowest priced house in the 





Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk Paving, Halls, 
Vestibules, Basements, &c. 

The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, and he 
takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work and straight 
forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled. 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. IJI JULY 31, 390^ No. y 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yodek, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 


9 y 

When I have become so base a slave to my own servants as 
to be afraid to discuss with my fellowman the affairs of my 
government, then bring forth the shacklesi and bind them upon 
me, for k^t it not be said that besides being a slave, I was a 
miserable coward. 

You may be a slave without shackles but as for me I'm 
only a slave when made so by physical conditions. You and I 
should be ashamed to admit that we were part of a government 
under which it takes nerve to discuss our own affairs. Are you 
fool enough not to see that you are on the road to actual physi- 
cal slavery when evil has so engulfed the government asi to make 
it dangerous to talk or write the truth against it. You should 
be ashamed to admit that it takes nerve to fight to run your own 

To our mind it takes nerve to sit quietly by and raise child- 
ren to a heritage of slavery. It would indeed take nerve and 
wonderful .-elf-control for the editor of The Idea to keep his 
mouth shut and his pen idle while the powers of evil were gTad- 
uaily stealing away his rights and he had to contemplate the 
resulting poverty and degradation of his own progeny. 

Are you willing to see your children slaves simply in order 

2 The Idea. 

to make money now, by not stirring up a rumpus and hurting 
business ? We would rather die in poverty and sorrow and 
seeming disgrace than to suffer the deep hell of remorse over 
seeing our own sons or our sonsi' sons sink into ignorance and 
vice and poverty because we would not do our duty to them by 
fighting when we could. — a. a. y. 


Mr. Saunders Enters Suit Against the Printers of 
the idea and A. A. Yoder. 

July 27th — There has been entered in the Law and Equity 
Court a suit for $20,000 damages by Clyde W. Saunders 
against Rufus C. Williams and E.. H. Williamsi, doing busi- 
ness as the Williams Printing Company, and Adon A. Yoder, 
process returnable the third Monday in August, 1909. 

In the first place let us state that Mr. Saunders evidently 
knows that in law he has absolutely no case against the printers 
and we now charge that this action on his part is intended as 
a scare to keep the printers from printing The Idea^ and this 
attempt to make a printer of job print a party to a suit and 
thus make printers believe that by taking our job work they 
lay themselves open to the expense of a lavvryer's fees for de- 
fense is one unworthy of a fair fighter. 

If Mr. Saunders wants to fight let him fight fair and not 
enter suit against one who is not the publisher and has nothing 
to do with the matter published. 

Mr. Saunders knows who the publisher of The Idea is and 
who in law isi responsible for all its contents and he knows that 
the printer is only an employee of the publisher and that the 
publisher alone is held accountable for the contents of a publi- 

The trouble with Saunders is, the truth is at last getting 
out and he can't stand it and so in order to make a show at 
denial just before election, he enters the suit in the hope that 

The Idea. 3 

it will lielp his prospects at the polls where there seems no 
doubt about bis defeat if a fair election could be bad. But fair 
elections are sucb stuff as dreams are made of witb such a 
committee of vagabonds and criminals as at present run Rich- 
mond. A very prominent politician recently made the state- 
ment that the election of legislators is not one half so important 
as tbe election of this city committee. 

We wonder where the $20,000.00 damages comes in? Is 
it wortb $20,000.00 to Mr. Saunders to be a member of tbe 
City Committee for one term ? 

Our only regret is that the trial of Mr. Saunders will not 
come off before election. It would make interesting reading 
for voters who want good government in Richmond. 

Slide, Kelly, Slide 

So they've entered suit — Sui ! Sui ! Sui ! Sui 

Read our ads., and especially the last page. 

The Electric Award Farce 

Crooked Work 

Competition Eliminated by Discriminatory Specifica- 
tions Charged by tine Four Former Bidders. 
Tine Individuals to Blame. 

At the meeting of the Council Electric Committee last week 
to consider bids for contract work of erecting a municipal 
electric plant, five electric concerns were represented and four 
out of the five concerns stated that the specifications were so 

4 T li e I d e a. 

"worded in favor of the General Electric Company that they 
were practically eliminated from the competition. It will be 
remembered that four or five bids were received on the former 
specifications but such charges of underhanded work were made 
"that new specifications were drawn and new bids were asked. 

Now the point to be made is this, that after the former bid? 
had been examined the Electric Committee had the specifica- 
tions changed in seven places and in each of these seven places 
the changes were such as to conform to the make or the stand- 
ards of the General Electric Company and thus make it im- 
possible for some and utterly impracticable for any of the 
former bidders, except the General Electric Comj)any, to make 
bids on the revised specifications. 

In other words, after the committee found that there was 
opposition to awarding the contract to the highest bidder and 
after having determined as the committee chairman said in the 
council meeting, that they were going to award it to the General 
Electric Company anyhow, the committee made such changes 
that it was impossible for other companies to compete. 

In bidding on these specifications every company except 
the Gene^ral Electric would have to construct special machines 
to coiiform to the standards of the General Electric Company. 

The seven points in Avhich Trafford, engineer, made 
changes in the specifications are as follows : 

1. Efiiciency of the water wheel generators. 

2. Speed of turbine nnits'. 

3. Exciting current of water wheel generators. 

4. Eeeder regulators. 

5. Absolute cut-onts for arc lamps. 

6. Wattage at arc lamp terminals. 

7. Switch boards. 

]^ow in order not to worry the reader with technical terms 
let us take just one, namely, the first change. 

In the first ca-^e the efiiciency was not fixed but the var- 
lious bidders bid on the following efficiencies : 

Allis Chalmers Co., - 93.25 Per Cent. 
Westinghouse Company 93.50 Per Cent. 
General Electric - "- 94.00 Per Cent. 
Crocker Wheeler - - 94.50 Per Cent. 
And now in the revised specifications Mr. Trafford specified 

The Idea. 5- 

the efficiency of the General Electric Co., namely, 94.00 Per 
Cent. This is clearly a discrimination in favor of the General 
Electric Co., and if we had space we could show that in each 
of the seven changes made the change was made to conform to 
the bid formerly made by the General Electric Company. As 
Mr. Seabrook of the Westinghouse Company said: "The new 
specifications adopt the General Electric standards in each case 
and compel all bidders to conform to them. This means that 
other biddersi must make special machines and attempt to com- 
pete with the General Electric standards, the evident intention 
being to put all bidders at a disadvantage. 

ISTo reason can be given for the standards adopted except 
that they best suit the General Electric Co., and will enable 
that Company to sell this plant at an extravagant price to the- 

In reference to the feeder regulators the specifications were 
changed so as to read "General Electric Co.'s" only, though 
formerly the specifications said "or equal." 

In the first case the horizontal turbine was specified in the 
drawing. This time the vertical is accepted simply because 
that is bid on by the General Electric Co. 

The Crocker Wheeler Co. said: "Your specifications dis- 
criminate in favor of one company." 

The Allis-Chalmers Co., said: "The specifications entirely 
eliminate competition by requiring the General Electric Co's 
make of equipment." The nail vras hit squarely on the head 
by Mr. Seabrook of the Westinghouse Co., when he said: "We 
could not but decide that you did not want our bid." 

ISTow this whole matter can be understood if you know 
that the sub-committee that practically ran this General Elec- 
tric matter through was composed of Pollock and Kichardson 
and Pollard, and it don't take a Philadelphia lawyer to see 
why Mr. Trafford changed about so completely after the sub- 
committee meeting. It is also worthy of note that Mr. Leaman 
M'ho accepted money from the Bell Company to influence coun- 
cilmen, has been using his influence lobbying with councilmen 
to get them to vote for the General Electric Company's bid. 
It looks rotten all the way through. Mr. Reynolds, who is the 
only member of the Electric Committee who seemed at all con- 

6 The Idea. 

cerned to have a fair award, after questioning Mr. Trafford 
made this remark in the committee: "It is a very remarkable 
state of affairs to me." 

So say we all of nsi First the highest bid is accepted and 
then when that is defeated, specifications are so "fixed" as to 
cut out all others. 

Subscribers to The Idea dropped postals ISTos. 4722 and 
4606 in the mail July 2Y without writing anything on them. 
The service will be started soon as they send addresses. 

If Clyde Saunders isi growing wings The Idea owes him 
an apology. We are loth to accept such prodigies as normal 
illustrations of natural history and we require corroborative 
evidence before we knock under. The good gentlemen has been 
mightily abusied since folks first began calling him a ringster. 
If now he makes his saintship good, whatever are we going to 
do? Our editorial vocabulary hasn't anything like languauge 
enough to do justice to the occasion. We shall be exuding apol- 
ogies wherever men do congregate to glorify St, Clyde. 

Vote Against Saunders and Leaman 



The Papers "in the Ring". Leaman as Lobbyist 

The most important election which Richmond voters will be 
called on to participate in this year is that of City Committee- 

Did it ever occur to you that the Richmond daily papers 
never said a word about the election of a Democratic City 

The Idea. 7 

Committee until it was too late for those who might want to 
qualify to make application for the positions. 

If the Richmond papers dominated by the Bryan family 
desired to stand for a clean city as they now and then boast 
they do, why did they not urge clean men to run for these po- 
sitions and let them know that an election was coming off. We 
venture the assertion that not one man in ten knew until the 
books were closed for application that this important committee 
was to be elected on August 5th. 

We also wonder why this same Democratic Committee did 
not have their election fixed on the same day that they ordered 
the primary election for other city officers. Why did they put 
this election with the governortorial election? 

Now this is the most important statement made in this 
number of The Idea : 

Rlchmonders need not attempt to get clean men in office 
until they first get a Democratic Committee that wont steal. 

Members of this committee stole in the last election, — and 
we can prove it, — just as they have had the reputation of doing 
ever since the war. 

Vote for clean committeemen. Saunders and Leaman are 
the only members of the ring you can possibly put out this time. 
Don't neglect this opportunity to strike a blow at crooked poli- 
tics by scratching their names on the ticket on August 5th. 
Break Saunders' domination of city affairs and stop Leaman 
from using his office to get through pet legislation as he is doing 
now in button-holing councilmen to get them to vote for the 
electric award to the General Electric Co. 

Police Sergeant Wiltshire Fined 
$25.00 for Being Drunk 

Some time ago Policeman Lear was fined $150 for being 
drunk and the papers made large news items out of it. ISTow, 
however, when Detective Sergeant Wiltshire is fined, as he 
was by the police board, recently, his fine being only $25, and 

8 The Idea. 

'being a sergeant, the fine is kept secret and the papers say noth- 
ing about it. 

It is manifestly unfair to the private to give him a heavy 
fine and publish the fact to the world and yet fine one higher 
up only $25 and shield him from the public. 

^ow there are several criticisms to be made concerning this 
action. In the first place, the law nowhere provides for se- 
cret trials. In the second place, the police board' has no right 
to hold secret meetings. 


Newspapers and Crooked Politi- 
cians Fighting the Idea 

A bunch of crooked politicians were recently discussing- 
The Idea when one of them remarked that "if he (a certain 
crook) will beat the face off of Yoder, I'll see to it that it don't 
get into the papers." 

The rascals know that they can count on the daily papers 
to shield them from publicity and everybody already knows 
that the courts here nearly always let them off lightly or more 
often refuse even to bring them to trial. 

When the gamblers were arrested in May at the exposition 
gi'ounds the newspapers shielded from the public the rich and 
130werful politiciansi and the law never even attempted to ar- 
rest them. Freed by the courts and freed by the press. 

It's not dangerous in Richmond to be a criminal, but it is 

dangerous to talk about them. 

It is a great blessing to be born into a family where strict 
economy of time and money is necessary. — Huhhard. 

The Idea. 


"Ours a Government of Laws Not 

of Men." 

"Incompetents, Corruptionists and Buffoons" "Rule 
Over Police" Justice W. J. Gaynor of the 
Supreme Court of New York scores Mayors 
and Police for being above the Law. 

^'There is no place under onr system of Government for an 
autocrat." It can not be too often said and ought to be pasted 
in the hat of every official and especially in that of every mayor 
and police commissioner, that ours is* a government of laws 
and not of men. ISTo official, however high, is above the law. 
He has no right or lawful power to do anything except the law 
permits him to do it, and then only in the manner and way 
which the laws; prescribes to him. That is free government, 
the opposite is despotism. For an official to set himself above 
the law and do as he likes is despotism. 

Things are done here constantly by the rulers of the police, 
any one of which would create a revolution in England and 
endanger the throne if not apologized for and redressed. 

Tens of thousands of false arrests and imprisonments are 
committed here yearly. 

People are locked up over night in cells and taken to court 
next morning and discharged because not even a charge can be 
made against them. This has become the daily routine as 
every magistrate can testify. 

The police force is not to blame, but the persons who are 
put in rulership over them, incompetents, corruptionists and 
mere buffoons. 

Police rulers are not above the law. You can not rule a 
free people in a lawless way. 

^0 The Idea. 

First of all it is for officials to keep the law and not tram- 
ple on and defy it and set at naught the rights of others. 

Thus spoke Justice Gay nor, and other fearless judges are 
saying the same thing and yet right here in Richmond we have 
a mayor who openly says he is above the law, — ^that if a law 
don't seem wise to him he will not enforce it, — that an execu- 
tive officer may take the law in his own hands and do as he 
thinks best, not as the legislature which makesi the law thinks. 

Of all the college men who succeed, who shall say whether 
they succeeded by and through the help the college gave or in 
spite of it. — Hubbard. 



Against Officials Who Won't Enforce the Law 

It is with pleasure that we notice the attitude which the 
pulpit is taking towards the exposition of wrong-doing. In 
the past few days communications are coming to us from 
preachers, to whom we have sent sample copies of The Idea. 
commending the work and bidding us go forward. In some of 
the foremost churches of the city attention of the voters was 
called last Sunday to The Idea''s fight for clean government. 
The Rev. Tilden Scherer of Hoge Memorial Presbyterian 
Church, sends us a copy of "The Richmond Presbyterian" from 
which we copy the following editorial. It is indeed a lament- 
able fact that these awful conditions do exist with so little "pro- 
test from the church of God." 



"Violation of specific laws with the entire knowledge of the 
officers of the law." 

The Idea. 11 

"Five Hundred Harlots" protected by the police. 
(The following isi part of an editorial in the Richmond Pres- 

la there not something radically wrong with a public senti- 
ment which tolerates, practically without protest, the whole- 
sale prostitution of ignorant and unprotected girlhood ? 

Is there not something radically wrong with the public sen- 
timent that allows, practically without protest, the open and 
known flourishing of dozens of resorts whose existence is abso- 
lutely contrary to the law, and in which literally hundreds of 
women and girls of every degree of vileness are openly housed 
as a means of gain both to unprincipled landlords and to those 
in charge of such institutions whose stock in trade is the virtue 
of women, and as a vantage point for the propagation of their 
nefarious business of seducing male and female alike? 

Is there not something radically wrong with the public sen- 
timent that allows, practically without protest, the continu- 
ance of this condition from year to year under the eye of prac- 
tically every man and woman in the city and with the entire 
knowledge of the officers of the law, and yet in direct violation 
of specific laws on the subject? 

Does the church acknowledge her imbecility in this matter ? 
Or, granting that it is not a question for the church as such 
do the Christian ministers and laymen of the churches of the 
city admit their imbecility in the case ? Or, do we, like the of- 
ficers of the law, wink at these things, and pass them by on 
the specious and puerile argument of "necessary evil," or "it's 
none of my business," etc. ? 

It is a thought at which every Christian's cheek should flush 
with shame that under our very eyes, open before us in glaring 
violation of the laws of the city, approximately FIVE HUISr- 
DRED harlots live and thrive and spread their nets for the en- 
tanglement of others of their own sex and for enticing from 
the paths of virtue the boys of the city, so that if one youth in 
ten escapes their clutches it is more chance than otherwise — 
and this condition continues from generation to generation 
with practically not a protest from the church of God, the 
boasted guardian of truth and purity in all ages. 

Brethren, let's eliminate the farcical laws on this subject 

12 The Idea. 

from our statute books or else let's eradicate the moral leprosy 
for our body politic. Let's cease our playing at being a great 
moral force and abandon the poor working girl and misguided 
boy to their fate, or else let's throw the strong arm of the church 
and the law about' them and defy the agents of prostitution, 
and of crime ! TILDEN SCEEKEK. 


An Agricultural Applicant and his 
Renewal of Contract 

"Is He Honest? Is He Capable? Is He Fit?" 

When a servant applies for a renewal of his commission^ 
in the service of the public, it is up to all interested to ex- 
amine his record and apply the simple queries of Jefferson: 
"Is he honest, is he capable, is he fit?" 

The Governor of the Commonwealth is not too high to 
live above this standard, and surely the Commissioner of 
Agriculture is not. 

ISTor is it to be said that faithful administration of the 
Grovernor's office is any more important to the public than a 
just -discharge of duty on the part of their Commissioner of 
Agriculture. An Auditing Committee of the Legislature, on 
'Mr. Koiner's ofiice methods, has affixed a stigma on his front 
that answers all test questions flatly and conclusively in the 

G. W. Koiner is not and has never been closely joined 
with those who do things of import, agriculturally. It is the 
duty of the press to make the record clear. 

When for fitness sake the servant challenges his public to 
a reward of merit, a verdict of selection at the primary means : 

The Idea. 13 

■"Well done, good and faithful servant," "You are going some, 
keep a going." But here The Idea enters protest. 

The report of the Committee, unanimously signed and 
submitted, adopts the findings of its co-equally commissioned 
experts and shows that Commissioner Koiner did not obey 
laws made for his governance or hold others to obedience. Be- 
sides delinquencies on his own part; it is shown in a "State- 
ment of Fertilizer seized" that a long line of violations of 
law had characterized the conduct of fertilizer factories, un- 
der the Koiner regime. 

The whole revenue of the department hangs on the ferti- 
lizer tax. Rotteness at the root of the plant has stunted the 
whole growth of an institution intended to work out good for 
all the agricultural interests of the dominion. 

If the voters want another term of Koiner 'tis up to them 
to speak out now or let him slide over the gulf of oblivion 
into the ranks of servants discharged and replaced. 

In this connection the accountants say: "A number of 
• questions: and answers by Mr. E. Bruce Chesterman, Chief 
Clerk to the Commissioner, speak for themselves * * * This 
examination developed the fact that at no time had the books 
been balanced and closed at the end of the year; or has any 
■ effort been made to balance with the State Auditor's books." 

This report further shows most careless and unbusiness 
methods in the issue and sale of fertilizer tags, the source of 
•all revenue to the Department, and "there appears to have 
been very little care in the handling of these tags, ordered in 
lots from some printing fiiTu in boxes of 100 each, placed in 
a store room to which others than the stamp clerk have access. 
Numbers of tags could be removed, and if sold to the con- 
sumer would thereby entail a loss to the department." 

The record of a public officer asking re-election at the 
hands of the people is proper subject of investigation, and 
criticism, and it will not satisfy the public for Mr. Koiner 
and his friends to meet the issue by deprecation of dignified 
and proper criticism. 

One damage suit and three advertising contracts this week. 
"Watch us grow! 

14 The Idea. 


How the Car Company Fleeces the 


The other Sunday a woman and three children were out to 
Forest Hill Park and coming back on the car she asked the 
conductor for transfers down Main Street to Church Hill. 

She got the transfers and boarded a ear on Main and after 
having gotten down to Fourteenth^ Street the conductor came 
around and asked her for her fare and then refused to take 
her transfers, saying that they were not good on his car. Isow. 
remember that all the lines are owned by one company and 
yet a transfer issued by the company is not good on its own 
cars. Well, the woman not having the cash, had to get off at 
Fourteenth Street and her transfers being run out, she could 
not utilize them by returning to Seventh Street to use them, 
and even if they had been good it would be worth more than 
the money paid to walk back seven or eight blocks up hill on 
a hot July day to be able to use her transfers. 

In this particular case she simply had to walk a mile or 
more home with a family of tired-out children because we 
permit a car company to act the hog and fleece the people "go- 
ing and coming." And this same company is now about to ask 
for valuable extension of franchises from the city and not a 
daily paper is independent enough to say anything against their 
high-handed methods. Other cities are charging the car com- 
panies for these valuable rights of using the public streets for 
their private road beds and the city of Chicago is getting in re- 
turn a large per cent of the earnings of the car companies which 
in one year amounts to hundreds of thousands of dollars. Other 
cities make the companies pave the streetsi along which they 
pass. Why can't Eichmond demand this when the company 
asks for these franchises in the near future. 

The citizen should not only profit from this valuable privi- 

The Idea. 15' 

lege given car companies, but siliould also demand up-to-date 
and modern equipment. The street-car is the poor man's car- 
riage and he should be treated with the very best. He pays 
for it in paying his taxes to make these streets and build the 
city for the car company to live off. Let him demand a just 


President McGowan, of the jSTew York Board of Alder- 
men, in an address at Parker Memorial Hall, Boston, recently, 
on "City Government and the Public Schools," along with, 
other interesting comments, said : 

"l^ever elect to office a weak man. Weak men are usu- 
ally termed nice men, but as officials they are a menace to the 
State. The weak or dishonest official does not always receive 
cash for his vote, but is tempted by hope of higher honors. 
The tempter, like the serpent, 'charms only to destroy ; ' like 
the boa constrictor, he first covers his victim with slime and 
then swallowis him, to digest him at will, only to throw him 
out eventually in filth and corruption." 


Since there are some who did not see our initial number, 
we would reiterate, that- our writing is not prompted by" any 
base motive. We have no axe to grind. We have no spite 
against anyone. If we seem bitter or harsh, it is because 
we feel it a duty of a public organ to condemn the evil irre- 
spective of persons. For Mayor Richardson, as an individual, 
iw'e have nothing but the kindliest feelings, but should we let 
our personal feelings of friendliness to a man force us to 
neglect our higher duty to the community or the State ? In- 
dividuals we love ; their errors we Ijate : And since govern- 
ment is of necessity a most difficult problem, and one which, 
requires the closest scrutiny on the part of the people, every- 
one, and certainly every paper should feel it its duty to fear-' 
lessly guard the law, their law, from falling into disrepute. 

Our cities are more loosely managed than our States,, 

18 The Idea. 

and it is largely because of the feelings of friendship between 
the papers and the city officials, being, in the close community 
of the city, of necessity, intimately acquainted with each other, 
that the papers so easily neglect their larger duty by overlook- 
ing, and thus encouraging the evils of city management. The 
Idea iinds it hard to condemn, and we would gladly drop 
our pen and retire to the more congenial and healthful at- 
mosphere of natural surroundings if we did not feel it a 
duty to contribute what iwte can to the redeeming of our times. 
We owe it to ourselves; we owe it to our families; we owe 
it to posterity, to make our country better for having lived 
in it. Our experience in the past has shown us that we can 
accomplish much even with this little affair to make the lot 
of those dear to us a better one. The evils of bad govern- 
ment which are developing in our cities, yes, in Richmond, 
are alarming to one who believes in Democracy. The trend 
of the times is not only toward the continued oppression of 
the poor and the unfortunate, but what is worse, it is toward 
the constant enlargment of the proportion of the poor to the 
community. Our fight is against the evils of the government 
which tends, at j^resent, to put larger power and more money 
daily into the hands of a few, and less of the necessities of 
life into the hands of the many. The poor man, at present, is 
getting poorer, and the rich man richer, because those whom 
we elect to office have been traitors to us in making laws hurt- 
ful to the poor, and not enforcing the laws existing against 
the wealthy. We shall fight for the majority against the 
powerful, though criminal, minority; even though in so doing 
we, at times, find it our disagreeable duty to fire point blank 
at an individual. 

It would be interesting for the citizens tc know who paid 
the taxes this last winter for a large lot of voters who were 
unqualified to vote until their taxes were paid, unknown to 
themselves, and their tax tickets neceipted were sent to them 
by mail. Still there are some people who are so thick headed 
thiey can't see that whiskey con'upts politics. 

T/<oT>trx/i^fPc/un,j 77) //«: /ioa.Se OfHij /S^A^rj 




ITH your camera while on 
your vacation and mail us 
your films for developing and 
printing. The amateur season is on. 



913 E. MAIN 


WE SELL and Guarantee 

The New Columbia 
Champion Refrig= 
erators, New Pro= 
cess Gas Ranges, 
McDougall Kitchen 

And Everything in Reliable 

rurnilureandrioor Coverings 

JONES BROS. & CO., Inc. 

1418=1420 E. Main St., Richmond, Va. 
Long Distance Phone 1086 


Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 

Groceries, Feed and Seeds 


806, 808, 810, 812 and 814 Brook Avenue 




Vol. Ill Aug. 7, 1909 No. 10 

$2.00 A YEAR 


Lobbyists and Grafters 

Saunders and Leaman 

Where Did You Get It? 

Koiner Again 

Charges Against the Commonwealth's 


And Much Other Stuff Worth While 


Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 

For Slightly Us ed Furniture 

The Mayo Furniture Co. 

1402 tast Main Street, 

which opened its doors June 1st, last, has sold more Furni- 
ture than any TWO houses in Richmond. In fine and 
medium grades they are the lowest priced house in the 





Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk Paving, Halls, 
Vestibules, Basements, &c. 

The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, and he 
takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work and straight 
forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled. 

:>li^ r, 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill AUGUST 7, 1909 No. 10 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 


Saunders Lobbyist and Grafter 

"I Was Paid $1,000.00 For My Services, $500.00 
Before and $500.00 After the Fight was Over" 
for "Securing Votes in the Two Branches of 
the Council." 

Thus spoke Clyde W. Saunders, then a member of the City 
Democratic Committee and Superintendent of Clay Ward, be- 
fore the investigating committee on July 22, 1903. He also 
said that he was employed by the Bell Co., to help get through 
the Bell ordinance, 

ISTow if The Idea were so maliciously inclined as to desire 
to slander or libel Mr. Clyde W. Saunders it would be at a loss 
to know how it would go about it and effectively compete with 
these words from Mr. Saunders' own mouth. 

In the same investigation Mr. Leaman admitted that he re- 
ceived $900.00 for the same class of work. The Idea cant 
slander these men. 

2 The Idea. 

If the voters of Richmond desire to have clean government 
let them get at the root of the matter and put clean men on the 
Democratic Coinmittee by displacing Saunders and Leaman. 

Where Did You Get It? 


"This is pure liberty, when freeborn men, 
Having to advise the public, may speak free; 
Who can and will, deserves high praise: 
Who neither can nor will may hold his peace ; 
What can be juster in a State than this ?" — Euripides. 
Richmond, August 5. — This is Primary Day! Choose only 
tried men and true, for guard duty. Tor servitors of the pub^ 
lie select the wise, the just, the true ! The cost price of liberty 
is vigilance ! 

Is Saunders a saint? Is The Idea a detractor? Do hon- 
est men and true combine im power self-perpetuated ? Does 
the office-holders' trust consist of the delicate and scrupulous 
of innocent folks grown rich in politics. Do sudden fortunes 
materialize to those who mingle the arts of graft and grab with 
business schemes and cement the service of the people into the 
power that rules the people ? Is San Francisco a myth, Chicago 
an example of virtue, Tammany Hall a school of saints, Pitts- 
burg a monastery? 

When echo answered echo to the call that drove Boss Croker 
into exile, the burden was : "Where did you get it, Boss ?" 
Where does any boss get it ? Is wealth built up in public ser- 
vice ever anything else but a sign of sin and corruption? If 
Clyde Saunders is proud of the source whence his possessions 
grew let him answet* the simples query, "where did you get it. 

Philadelphia, Albany, New York have all thrown these im- 
ages of corruption on the screen to the edification of Richmond. 

The Idea, 9 

Can we gaze on the moving panorama of guilt and gather no 

Is it our part only to be warned or being warned shall we 
be forewarned and forearmed? 

Is Clyde Saunders "Boss Saunders" for a term indefinite ? 
Do the officials that constitute the service of the people belong 
to the grafting grabbers that chalk the slate ? This very day 
we gather in our might and cast him forth or he rivets our 
chains anew and lends new vigor to his power. 

This very day we are cancelling his commission or* he is al- 
lying new beneficiaries to the mercenaries that march under the 
nauntijig insolence of his banner to the enslavement of better 
men, born to a wider freedom, of generations yet unspoiled in 
the lap of luxury and yet untainted of the vices that kill man- 

Stand to your arms good freemen, for days are coming that 
try men's souls and only ingrained grit will hold us all fast to 
the traditions of that glorious ancestry our heritage of freedom 
is grounded on. 


At Daydown is it Jack and the Beanstalk, Or 
Does Koiner Win Again? 

Is the Commissioner of Agriculture called again to play 
politics with the people's job of tilling the soil and teaching 
the young idea how to shoot or is his applecart overturned, his 
enterprise of great pith and moment to the office holders' trust 
turned awry and lost the name of action. 

In the language of the frivolous it will serve us well if 
"Koiner's head is neatly bagged to-day." 

The call of the people will inspire Thompson Brown to take 
Up their work and see it done as they would have it done ; for 
the people, by a servant of the people allied to the, work of the 
people, a hard drudging task that teaches talesi of nature at h&r 

The Idea, 

best and bids us back to the lure that leads manly hearts and 
minds to the lessons taught of the soil. 

Mere subscribers are wanted for The Idea. Newsboy sales 
always gratifying, are continuously increasing, but your regu- 
lar subscriber is a steady reliance, an element of substantiality 
every periodical covets. The Idea is on a mission bent and 
seeking your aid in the cause of reform and worthier aspira- 
tions. ISTot only should the wrongdoer be detected^ and' pun- 
ished but those in search of better things and brighter days 
should be encouraged and helped. Lend us the strong arm of 
your friendly aid, good folks, and let us all "hit the pike" with 
a sturdy stride and a steady gait in the lock-step of co-operation. 
No doubt you think it is money in our clothes,, our own business 
we are pleading for. Well let it go, at that, if you feel that way. 
The Idea covets your sympathetic assistance and you may call 
it charity if you please, anything so the work gets done. 

There's no nicer name to have it done in than that of Char- 
ity. The sharp stick that prods the evildoer is reared in no 
malice, nor lifted for vengeance's sake. If you catch us luxur- 
iating in high life, feeding on our own self-indulgence at the 
cost of our neighbor then you'll have to turn out and reform the 
reformer and the stronger you grow in your co-operation the 
heavier will the cudgels prove you grow for our whacking. 


An Interview With Mr. Folkes 

The Idea is making a stand for law enforcement and to that 
end has exposed certain flagrant violations of the law, notably 
those making it a crime to operate a house of ill fame or to sell 
whiskey without a license, as is openly done on Mayo, Franklin, 
Fourteenth, Eighth, Seventeenth, East Broad, West Broad and 

The Id6a: 5 

other })rotected sections of the city under the eye and with the 
sanction of the police, the chief of police, the police board, who 
seem to think they have something to do with law enforcement, 
and the mayor himself. 

This state of affairs has been forcefully brought to the at- 
tention of the mayor who openly claims he has a right to ignore 
the law. The chief of police, a mere figurehead of the police 
board, takes the same position, though he will take no stand 
for publication because he knows his position is an illegal and 
untenable one. The police board, which is really responsible 
for this condition, by its illegal assumption of powers which it 
does not legally possess, has decided to do as it pleases about 
this matter regardless of the statute and the constitution of the 
State and the charter of the city which place on the police the 
specific duty of enforcing these laws and which also require the 
mayor to swear he will see that the police do enforce them. 

ISTow the founders of our State have provided against a 
condition like this by making an office of commonwealth's at- 
torney, who is charged by the State with looking after the in- 
terests of the State and with righting affairs when a State of- 
ficer refuses to carry out a State law as the whole executive de- 
partment is refusing to do to-day. 

Mr. Folkes has been elected therefore to see to the carrying 
out of the State's laws in the city of Richmond and as the 
State's attorney he is the legal counsel of the State and the 
legal representative of the citizens of the State when in their 
sovereign capacity as the reigning power of the State, their 
laws, the State's laws, are violated. Therefore as a sovereign 
citizen of the State, and on the legal advice of counsel, the ed- 
itor of The Idea has brought to the official attention of the 
State's attorney, Mr. Folkes, the present violations of the State 
laws and the refusal on the part of the executive department 
of the city to enforce these laws. In this interview with the 
commonwlealth's attorney he was told that we had no desire to 
make a case against the mayor if the law could be enforced 
without so doing as we believed that the mayor, though he was 
absolutely wrong in going back on his oath, was apparently 
conscientious in doing what he did, or rather failing to do his 
duty, and that our object would be served whenever he, or his 
executive department, the police force, enforced the law. 

6 The Idea. 

We suggested to him that while the law did not require him, 
the attorney, to do any detective work in ferreting out crime, 
still the law anticipated that when such crimes were brought 
to his attention, he would take the proper steps to have the law 

We told him that our object in seeing him and in publishing 
The Idea was not to make sensational news but to serve a pur- 
pose of law enforcement and that to that end we hoped he would 
lend his assistance. 

In naming the specific case of the illegal sale of ardent spir- 
its by houses of ill fame he agreed that it was in his province 
to bring this to the attention of the police and promised to do 
so. He also agreed that he would bring to the attention of the 
police our charge that houses of ill fame do exist in many cer- 
tain places in the city and he agreed, as we have of course al- 
ways held, that these places have no legal existence and that 
where it is known the police should break it up. When, how- 
ever, we told him that the police not only knew of these houses, 
but openly admitted that they exist and claim they have a right 
to permit them to exist under their control and that they do 
have them under their control and that the mayor himself 
claimed that the executive department had a right to control 
these houses, then the attorney said that he would express no 
opinion as to the mayor's position and would do nothing to com- 
pel the mayor's department to enforce the law and that our at- 
torney had advised us wrongfully in directing us to him. 

In other words, Mr. Folkes, the State attorney, refused to 
do anything to compel a State officer to enforce the State laws. 
When we told him that his position left the situation so that 
the sovereign citizen had no redress when his laws were violated 
and that his position put the biirden of law enforcement on the 
citizen ke did not, and of course could not, make any satisfactory 

Wc asked him what a citizen could do then in such case 
and he replied that that was a question between us and the of- 
ficer and that we were wrongfully informed when we were 
counseled that he was the one to see. When asked if he were 
not charged with looking after the State's legal interests in the 
city he said "yes." 

The Idea. f 

WJien asked if it were not his duty to take knowledge of 
flagrant violations of the law he said it was and that he would 
bring these violations of the law to the attention of the police 
department. Then we said: "If it is your duty to take official 
knowledge of these violations why is it not your duty to take 
knowledge of the violation of the law on the part of the mayor 
which I not only openly charge, but which the mayor himself 
openly admits but claims he has a right to make." He replied : 
"That is a question between you and the mayor," 

The interview was quite extended and every possible way 
of getting the attorney to recognize the state of affairs was 
taken. He at first talked very freely about law violation in 
general and admitted that no house of ill fame had a right to 
exist in the State and that no place had a right to sell liquor 
without license and when asked if any policeman had a right 
to ignore any law he answered "I know of no such right" but 
whenever we mentioned the word mayor he evaded the question 
and refused to take any stand whatever, though he did admit 
that the mayor, as chief executive officer of the city, was re- 
sponsible for all law enforcement in the city. 

Now The Idea has this to say that the laws of Virginia 
contemplate, as it is clearly set forth, that the State's attorney 
shall look after the interests of the State in such a case of fail- 
ure to perform duty on the part of the mayor and in this par- 
ticular case even states how he shall proceed, and the State's 
attorneys in other cities where there is any civic pride and sen- 
timent in favor of having officers who will do their duty, the at- 
torneys for the State have been the ones who not only institute 
proceedings but even hire detectives and go to enormous expense 
to bring the offenders to justice. 

Here in Richmond, however, a citizen can not violate a law, 
hut an officer can not only violate a law hut even violate an 
oath. And D. G. Richardson is doing that to-day in Richmond 
and Minitree Folhes is sanctioning him in it — is party to the 
crime, is directly violating his oath when he refuses to take 
knowledge of these charges. 

Now let this be understood that personally we have no 
quarrel with Mr. Folkes or Mr. Richardson. Our interviews 
with each of them were pleasant and agreeable an.d for tlie men 

8 Tle'ldea. 

personally we have none but the best feelings and good wishes. 
From the standpoint of the sovereign citizen talking to his pub- 
lic servant in each case the interview was most unsatisfactory 
and while as men they are very likeable, still as employees for 
their respective positions their work and their attitude towards 
the law is most astonishingly anarchistic and blameable. 

It is just such position on the part of public officials that in 
the past has destroyed governments and wrecked states and 
checked the march of liberty and right and made revolutions 
and wars. 

We have still enough confidence left in Virginia people to 
think that there are left some Virginians here in Richmond, 
where Henry made his famous speech, to resist oppression and 
stand against tyranny on the part of those who, for political or 
financial reasons, refuse to abide by their word of honor spoken 
under the solemnity of an oath. 

We shall therefore not stop but shall follow this matter un- 
til that public sentiment, which we find so fast increasing, shall 
become so strong that no officer will dare to act contrary to his 
oath or duty simply for political reasons. 


Word had been coming" to The Idea for the past month 
that the Police Picnic was a grand gambling and drinking tour- 
nament and so The Idea was solicited to go out and expose the 
wrong. When the tickets appeared it was noticed that this 
year they bore the legend, "ISTo minors admitted" and it is 
said that this is an innovation this year — that formerly lots of 
fellows from 10 to 21 years of age debauched themselves with 
beer which was given away to all comers. 

Then came the report that Chief Werner had passed along 
the word^ — !No gambling this year as The Idea is on to the 
game. We went out to the picnic, however, to see, and found 
posters placed at the gates bearing lines like this: "No cards 
allowed in the grounds." 

This you see was an admission that this public gambling 
had been allowed in the past. 

Inside we found a very decent condition as compared with 
former years as there were only a few gambling games going 
on — at least we did not see many. But there is one thing we 
did notice and that is that anyone could get just as much beer 
as he wanted for nothing and very ^ many men got more than 
they could hold and while it was not as bad as former years 
still "The Police Benevolent Association" was reaping money 
from the sale of tickets to a big beer drinking affair which made 
many drunks. 

The object of this article however, is primarily to show that 
the publication of The Idea is responsible for stopping prac- 
tically all of the gambling at the police picnic. 

Is not it an acknowledgement that there is something ser- 
iously wrong when no minors and no women are allowed to at- 
tend ? 

Can you conceive a preachers' picnic where the children and 
women were not invited or did not dare to go ? 

Would any body of men other than the police dare to have 
a picnic where beer in unlimited quantities Was given away? 

We'll venture this statement. That nearly every gambler, 
barkeeper, brewery employee, bum, crooked politician and dive- 
keeper in and around Richmond was at the picnic. 

If anyone desired to study the effects of strong drink and 
crime on the faces of men he had only to study any group of 
men at the picnic. 


Eirst Gambler — "Well, I see we cannot have any poker to- 

Second Gambler — "Oh yes, you can, I just lost $25.00 in 
a horse stall." 


' In talking with preachers; about crime in Richmond we have 
been somewhat surprised at first that they knew so little about 

10 The Idea. 

tl;e frightful stgte of affairs here, but that surprise is dissipated 
when our attention is called to the fact that the preacher has 
no means of finding out about crime which other people have, 
simply because in conversation with them people do not bring 
up the subject of vice. 

We are led to believe that if the pastors of Richmond kn/gw 
what vou and I and the average citizen and business man 
knows., about gambling and the bawdy house section and the 
criminal element in general he would set up such a protest that 
Richmond would purge itself of this foul stench and be clean. 
In other cities the preachers know more about conditions be- 
cause the daily papers in other cities are not so goody-goody 
that they will not publish the word harlot or scarlet woman as 
the religious papers and Bible does, and as the Times-Dispatch 
claims they are too clean to do. Let the press get busy and let 
every citizen acquaint his pastor with, conditions and these pas- 
tors, we believe, can be counted on to work for the cause of 
civic and individual purity. 

It would not take but ten per cent of the- preachers here to 
completely change the attitude of our city officers towards 
crime and criminals. At present their attitude is one of li- 
cense of crime and criminals. 

In fact, the attitude of the executive department of the city 
of Richmond is so openly that of sanctioning crime that a prom- 
inent local Y. M. C. A. official actually thought and argued 
that the bawdy house in Richmond was a legalized and licensed 

Christian men of Richmond, what have we come to that 
we have permitted our public servants to so nullify our laws 
that good men think from their attitude that no such laws do 
exist ! Arouse ye ! and quit yourselves like men. 


When I hire a servant, I don't surrender my right to criti- 
cize him. 

Yet some of our public servants are to-day resenting our 
criticism of their failure to do as we order. 

Ifha^ tecainds us of tjie mule that got his fodt up in the stir- 


The Idea. 11 

We, the people, hired yon to work for us, not that you 
might get in the saddle and make us do the riding-you act. 
If you've decided not to ride us, we'll just get another mule. 



It is hoped that it is clear to our readers that the motive of 
The Idea is not one of offense to those individuals whom we 
find it necessary to expose. 

We do not feel called upon to roast every one who is a sin- 
ner. As far as we are concerned all who have erred may de- 
part in peace. W^e feel, however, that when one sins against 
the city or the State he has sinned against us for the State is 
you and I and as the State suffers you and I suffer. If the 
State is robbed, you and I are robbed. If there is graft in city 
affairs you and I are the offended ones and when city or State 
laws are openly violated it is your law and my law that is vio- 
lated, and you and I not only have a right to talk about it but 
it is a duty we, you and I, owe to our children to so turn the 
light on that respect for law-enforcement shall be preserved to 
them. So when a public evil-doer is discovered The Idea feels 
it a duty to us all to expose the rascal and thus defend our- 
selves against those who have already done us a wrong. 

When we advocate the punishment of the evil-doer, it is ndt 
because we like to see one punished, but it is because we desire 
to defend ourselves against those who are despoiling us. To be 
more explicit : We are not trying to offend Pollock and Saun- 
ders and Leaman and the rest. 'No, no, for them as individ- 
uals we have feelings of good will and consideration, but we 
must expose them in order to defend ourselves against their 
acts, for their acts are certainly offending to us. 

The Idea dislikes the task but feels it as a burdensome 
duty to defend those who are dear to us from their enemies. 

The Idea has not raised the row, it simply has attempted 
to ward off the blows directed against every citizen. 

1^ The Idea. 

There are those who say that The Idea is making a fight 
on the rascals. That's not it. We are simply resenting and 
warding off the fight which they have already long been waging 
against us. 

They started the rumpus. The Idea did not do it. We are 
just stopping the rumpus. 

A bird in the bush is worth two on a woman's bonnet. — 

All men are my brothers; not just those who belong. — 


Where the Trouble Lies in our Present Manage- 
ment of the Police Department 


The reason the laws are not enforced in Richmond lies 
largely in the fact that the responsibility for and power over 
the police is divided. 

The mayor, who is alone held responsible for the execution 
of the laws is not clothed with the power of appointment to 
office and is not charged directly with the efficiency of the force. 

The large irresponsible board of seven, who act in secret, 
. have all the power of appointment to the force, and then, when 
the laws are not enforced, even though the police and mayor 
should desire that they be enforced, the law makes the mayor 
responsible for the wrong though practically he is held down 
by this secret board, unless he is a mighty big man. 

And whenever you get a real big man for mayor, this same 
police board and the rest of thie ring work against him and 

The Idea. 13 

ultimately defeat him because they know he will hurt their 
crooked business. 

Now let our legislature have the city charter so amended 
that not only the mayor shall be responsible for the enforcement 
of the law but that he shall have more power over the force. 

Let this crooked management of the force by a secret com- 
mission be done away with. 

Grive the chief the appointive power as the charter contem- 
plated and let him be responsible for all the acts of the force, 
not to the board, but solely to the mayor. 

It has been the history of all law execution that when you 
divide the responsibility and the power you do it at the expense 
of efficiency. 

It is foolish to make a man responsible for a thing which 
he is not in charge of, and although the charter contemplated^ 
no such authority in the hands of the board as they actually 
usurp, the big fact remains that not only do they have it but 
they use it to the debasement of the law and in the interests 
of crookedness, corruption, vice and crime, which is a blot on 
any community. 

We call on the legislature for a better charter enactment in 
respect to the management of the police. 

Chief Werner on Law Enforcement 

In mailing a copy of the automobile speed regulating ordin- 
ance to automobile owners in Kichmond recently Chief Werner 
writes the following: 


This ordinance is forwarded you so that you may fully ac- 
quaint yourself with its provisions. On and after August 15, 
1909, it will be strictly enforced by this department. 

Lewis WekneEj .' 

' Chief of Police^ 

It therefore appears that Chief Werner does sometimes have 

some respect for the law. / 

Would it not be well for the Chief to have some respect for 

14 The Idea. 

the State law and send notices to the 500 and more lewd women 
in Richmond whose names he keeps on his files at his office, 
that "On and after Aug. 15, 1909, the following law will be 
respected in Richmond :" 

"If any person keep a house of ill fame, etc.^ he shall be 
confined in jail not exceeding one year and fined not exceeding 
two hundred dollars." But No, some laws may be violated and 
some may not. It all depends on what the little police board 
decides to do about it. 

Which is the greater crime agaihst society — speeding an 
automobile nine miles an hour or running a damnable dive on 
Mayo Street. Chief Werner says you may run the degraded, 
contemptible dive, but you can't run the automobile. 

Werner, the great law-giver, has spoken. You may have 
your high old time down in Richmond's hell but you must not 
under heavy penalty violate a minor law. 

And the mayor says "Amen." 




We were startled to find our great industrial organiza- 
tions in control of politics, government and natural resources. 
Thfey manage conventions, make platforms, dictate legislation. 
They rule through the very men elected to represent the people. 
Ten years of investigation and exposure have disclosed 
corruption in municipal. State and national government, with- 
out a parallel in modern history. 

■ i We have made great progress. The people now understatid. 
Por the representative who betrays, they feel only contempt. 
But they know that back of the bad representatives in munici- 
"pAlf State and national government stands special privilege, 
the teal enemy of their iiistitutions, fortified with the great- 
est wealth and power ever massed for the control of govem- 

The Idea. 16 

The battle is just on. It is young yet. It will be the 
longest and hardest ever fought for Democracy. In other 
lands, the people have lost. Here we shall win. It is a 
glorious privilege to live in this time, and have a free hand 
in this fight for government by the people. — Senator LaFol- 


N'ow comes the report that a big gambler exposed by The 
Idea says he would give $10,000.00 if The Idea had not ex- 
posed him as it did last week. 

If there are any who think The Idea is not accomplish- 
ing good let them notice this statement. 

If gambling is stopped to the extent of $10,000.00 does not 
that mean that $10,000,00 is saved to the citizensi? 

Does that not mean that The Idea is worth at least $10,000 
to the community? And yet we wonder how many wealthy 
Kichmonders)care $10.00 worth whether The Idea continues 
to exist or not. 

Are you interested in the betterment of Eichmond only 
when it means money in your pocket ? If not, encourage The 
Idea. Subscribe to-day. Help the work for Better Richmond. 

Happy he whose inward ear 

Angel comfortings can hear, 

O'er the rabble's laughter. — Whittier. 

In the next number we will quote some law on libel for the 
edification of Mr. Saunders. 

,li8 The Idea. 

The Idea Is Always Alive 

The Idea Always Has Something 

To Say 

The Idea Always Says It 

The Idea is in the fight to down crookedness, graft and all 
maimer of evils wherever they may be found without regard 
to the person who may be hit. 

The Idea will stand for decency and order and law-enforce- 
ment, and most earnestly solicits the active moral support of 
all who care for a better and greater Richmond, and a healthier 
political atmosphere for Virginia. Lend a "hand in the work 

By getting The Idea every week ; 

Bv encouraging Idea advertisers ; 

By informing us of wrongdoing on the part of ofiicials. 

We are now at work exposing some very startling conditions. 
— The Idea finds organized graft and plunder and political rot- 
tenness in Richmond. 

Many high in authority are using their offices to protect 
crime aand criminals and in some instances are the criminals 
themselves. ,__ 

During the coming weeks these facts, carefully obtained 
and sifted will be published. You certainly do not want to miss 
the story. Therefore be sure and subscribe to The Idea to-day, 
only $2,00 a year. 

Get in the fight for your city and your State. At least keep 
informed as to the way the crooks and grafters are fighting 
against your city and your State. 

If you do not get The Idea regularly, drop us a postal and 
we will see that a boy comes by your house each week. 


"Buf the IDEA 


Richmond News Co., G13 E. Broad St., Richmond, Va. 

Myer's Book Store, 100 E. Broad St., Richmond, Va. 

Model News Co., 519 W. Broad St., Richmond, Va. 

Adam Wohlsiefer 708 W. Broad St , Richmond, Va. 

A. Marchetti & Co., 701 W. Main St., Richmond, Va. 

Thompson's Drug Store, 1600 VV. Main St., Richmond, Va. 

Globe News Co., 624 E. Main St., Richmond, Va. 

Mutual News Stand, Mutual Building, Richmond, Va. 

T. P. Marsalla, 1210 E. Main St., Richmond, Va. 

The People's Drug Store, 3900 Williamsburg Ave., Richmond, Va. 

J. T. Abbott & Son 1103 Hull St Manchester, Va. 

Sam H. Sharove, 41 Bank St., Petersburg, Va. 

R. H. Shepherd, 900 Main St., Lynchburg, Va. 

Elliott News Co., South Boston, Va. 

Brawford News Co., Bedford City, Va. 

A Picture of Home! 

Years from now you'll wish you had 
a picture of your present home or 
business house or those dear to you 

Call Up Phone, Madison 3441 




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Vol. Ill 

Aug. 14, 1909 

No. 11 

$2.00 A YEAR 





For Sale At All News Stands 

Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 

Phone, Madison 1086 


Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 

Groceries, Feed and Seeds 

806, 808, 810, 812 and 814 Brook Avenue 


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A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill AUGUST 14, 1909 No. 11 

5 Cents a Copy |2.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yodee, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 


Who Did It? 

The NewS'Leader, on the day after election came out with 
an editorial headed ''Two Bosses Down," in which they try to 
•claim some responsibility for the defeat of Saunders and Lea- 
man by, telling the people that last October they pointed out 
to the people how they could get a better committee. 

It seems strange to us that the Leader, which kept perfectly 
quiet all through the campaigii and thus did the wish of Boss 
Saunders and Leaman should have the audacity to try to jump 
in the band wagon at this late date. 

Why did not they fight against Saunders during the cam- 
paign when their columns might have helped the victory. The 
Idea does not claim all the glory for Saunders' or Teaman's 

It does say though, that The Idea is the only paper in Rich- 
mond that dared fight against Saunders and Leaman at any 
time, and this fact remains, that Saunders does not regard the 
Leader as responsible. 

2 The Idea. 

We notice that The Idea is the only pajDer that Saunders is 
suing. When the ring-managed Leader is sued by political 
bosses then they may claim they have hurt the ring. 

The Journal of the same date says that Saunders' fight for 
Satterfield beat him at the polls. 

It looks as though if Saunders could carry Clay Ward for 
Satterfield he ought to be able to carry it for himself. 

The trouble is these papers were tremendously surprised at 
the sentiment for clean government that the election showed. 
These papers will finally fall in line and fight too when they 
see the public sentiment demanding it. 


-In Todd vs. Hawkins, the judge said: '^If he has used ex- 
pressions however harsh, believing them to be true, he was jus- 
tified in so doing, and your verdict ought to be for the defend- 

"If, however, the defendant has availed himself of the oc- 
casion for malicious purposes, he must answer for what he has 

In another case the court says : 

"If fairly warranted by any reasonable occasion or exigency 
and honestly made, such communications are protected for the 
common convenience and welfare of human society." 

In all cases for libel or slander the courts have held that if 
the defendant used the words complained of, no matter how 
harsh or even untrue (and the Idea''s statements are all true 
and can be so proven) "in good faith" or "honestly" "without 
malice" or "in performance of a moral duty" "then the jury 
must find for the defendant." 

Xow The Idea has according to law not only a perfect right 
to publish what it has about Saunders, but it has a duty which 
it owes to the public to publish the truth concerning the public 

The I dea. 3 

acts of public officials in tlio defence of the i)e()|)le, and yet ]\[r. 
Sannders has acknowledged tlic weakness of his position by at- 
tempting to hurt The Williams Printing Company by his 
action for damages when the Williams Printing Company are 
not oidy not publishers but know nothing about what is to ap- 
]~»ear in The Idea. 

They could not be held responsible for the words in The 
Idea^ even if those words wei'c maliciously published. 

Does Mr. Saunders think that the printers, ignorant though 
they were of the words printed, did it in malice to Clyde Saun- 
ders. Mr. Saunders dare not say so for after the words com- 
plained of were printed he thought Mr. Williams so frjendly 
disposed toward him as to ask hinl to vote for him in the pri- 

jSTo, Mr. Saunders' case in court is destined to fall through 
just as his case at the polls fell through on August 5th, last. 

He did not get enough votes to elect then and he won't get 
enough votes in jury to give him any damages now. And. he 
need not count on friends on the jury; The Idea will see to 
that. Beside what The Idea already had against Saunders, a 
large amount of the most convicting evidence has been secured 
and ISh'. Saunders will find before he gets through with it that 
he'll be like a little fellow who, on a former occasion, tried to 
squelch The Idea. That fellow remarked to a friend he'd give 
$5,000.00 to get out of it. 

^STothing more beneficial to the citizens of Richmond could 
happen than to have this thing threshed out in the courts. 

Pichmond is a city of churches and yet Richmond is gov- 
erned by bar-rooms. They elect their man nearly every time. 


Our attention was called some time ago to the fact that of- 
ficer Moody, then of the Richmond j)olice force, had brought 

4 The Idea. 

do-wTi on his head the wrath of the powers that be in the force 
and in the board, because of his activity in law enforcement. 
.The whiskey men were down on him as were also the court and 
members of the force for his raid of a notoriously bad place in 
-the West End. 

The violators of the law at Idlewood had it in for him for 
^^pulling" that place and other special priviledged interests 
were against him apparently because he could not be bought. 

The following important facts are worth noting: 

(1 ) Moody was extremely popular among a host of 
friendb on Church Hill where he lives and is known. 

(.2.) Moody was extremely unpopular with the whiskey 
men and the law-breakers. 

(-3.) After his activity in the west end he was removed 
to the other end of town where he would not have much oppor- 
tunity to detect criminals. 

(4 ) In the police court his work was discountenanced 
by Justice John. 

It was therefore not altogether surprising to us when we 
learned that charges had been brought against the officer be- 
cause threats had been against him that he would be gotten 
at the first opportunity. 

About two weeks ago the papers stated that a charge of a 
serious nature had been made against Officers Moody and Toot. 
The officers were brought before the police board at a secret 
trial and were confronted with an affidavit made by a disreputa- 
ble negro woman. 

Mf-antime, however, Officer Moody had this woman sum- 
moned as a witness, and on the stand she admitted that the 
affidavit ]iad been obtained through fear. 

The character of the woman and her statement should have 
been sufficient to throw out her evidence, and the charge was 
based on her evidence as chief witness, but as the meeting was 
in secret, and as the officer was not even allowed counsel to 
speak for him, he, of course, could not get a square deal. 

Witness was also introduced who showed that the officer, 
who was the other chief witness against Moody had made the 
.threat, "We'll get you yet." 

Now we write this to show that here is a specific instance 

The Idea. 5- 

of gel ting I'id <>( a man because he did attempt to enforce the 

Moody, was tried in secret and dismissed from the force. 
ITe was not allowed even to have a stenographer in the meet- 
ing to take down the evidence in his own behalf. Neither was 
he allowed to have a lawyer to represent him. 

The papers had long stories concerning the case, which 
were absolutely untrue and which one of them very feebly cor- 
rected after Mr. Moody's reputation had been damaged. The 
papers made grave charges absolutely contrary to the evidence 
and which no evidence was introduced to even attempt to 

The evidence showed that the reports circulated by the 
daily papers were absolutely false. We charge that he was 
grossly wronged and never has been permitted either a fair 
show at the trial or in the method of the trial or by the press, 
and that these wrongs against him were because of the fact 
that he had gained the enmity of the criminals whose in- 
fluence determined the action of the police department. 

We charge that but for his unpopularity with the depart- 
ment he never would have been even questioned about the 
event on which the whole affair rested, and that he was un- 
popular because he was independent and had therefore gained 
the disfavor of the criminal law violators, who actually rule 
the department and ^^rotect vice and crime. 

We charge that an officer of the law can not be faithful to 
his duty and remain on the force. 

We charge that the officer who is not willing to be bribed 
by the saloons with drinks and favors is not only under the 
ban of these criminals, but is also out of favor with the j^owers 
that dominate the force because these powers are also under the 
domination of the criminal classes. 

It's this way — the political bosses depend on the saloons to 
influence the purchasable vote which is much more enormous 
than the average man thinks. It is big enough to be worth 
thousands of dollars to the election crooks at each election. 
These saloon crooks therefore decide every close election and 
the officer elected is thus under obligation to th L^loon and 
the bosses and so they dare not offend them. 

6 The Idea. 

Every one familiar with election methods in Richmond 
knows that the saloons actually control the situation here. 
And the good citizen looks surprised and wonders, "Is that 
possibly true" while the saloon man and the boss and politi- 
cian is grinning as he reads this, only to frown as he thinks 
what publicity will do for his accursed' work. It is high time 
that the peoj)le were examining into their own affairs and see- 
ing how they are robbed of good men for office and when they 
have got a good one how he is displaced. 

Marked for slaughter— Saunders, Leanian, Pollock, Mills, 
''M'jffntitfs* and a host of others. 



Saunders and Whiskey Votes 

Chief Werner has refused not only to give Mr. Moody a 
copy of the proceedings of the secret trial, but has also refused 
to even, let Mr. Moody see the proceedings to make a copy for 
himself, and it now appears that the evidence brought out 
was so damaging to others that if it were made public other 
officers would likely be discharged on demand of the people 
instead of Officer Moody. 

One can see how Leaman's influence is felt in running city 
government when it is kown that Leaman's bar-keeper, Kex 
Griffin, was elected policeman at the time Moody was' dis- 
charged from the force. The truth is that Leaman's man was 
slated as Moody's successor long before the case was framed 
up against Moody. 

Moody, the law enforcer, is so dangerous to the criminal 
bar people that they, through their servant and fellow bar- 
keeper, Leaman, of the democratic committee and boss of the 

The Idea. 7 

crooked politicians, demand Moody's disgrace and removal 
and put a bar-tender on the force in his stead, and that too, a 
bar-tender, who is nothing but a puppet of Leaman's. 

It seems strange that the good people of Richmond don't 
see what is responsible for crooked politics in Richmond. If 
you will look at the bottom of it you will always find the sa- 
loon. And the reason is simj)le. The saloon has no right to 
exist. If it had a right it would not stand for paying a li- 
cense greater than other business. To license a thing means 
to privilege a thing which has not the right to exist. If it had 
the right it would not be in politics. 

You never saw a grocer buying a place on the force for his 
clerk. The grocer knows his business has a right to exist 
and it does not need special protection. It is only criminal 
and crooked business that needs special protection and without 
these licensed criminals, Bosses Saunders and Leaman, would 
never have come into power. 

Why is it that on this very day Clyde Saunders and Andy 
Griffith, saloon keeper and policy king, and Wirt Taylor, whis- 
key salesman, had their heads together. 

We'll tell you why. Wirt Taylor, whiskey salesman, who 
has an office with Saunders is also the agent of certain interests 
ivhich paid the taxes of a lot of bums and gamblers and The 
Idea has the names of these fellows whose taxes were paid 
Avith Wirt Taylor's funds through bar-keepers, who sent 
agents down with the gamblers and bums in question and 
handed over the coin and received from the men thus quali- 
fied, their receipts and took them back to the bar-keepers to 
show that the money had been spent according to order. 

IN'otice this that the same people who are anxious to keep 
the saloon in power are responsible for all this crooked politics 
and the papers of Richmond. The Journal and the News- 
Leader and the Times-Dispaich know this very well, and 
know the details of how elections are carried for the boss 
politicians in Richmond by the purchasable whiskey vote and 
none of them have the courage to say anything about it, be- 
cause they get some of the same rations that buy the poor 
gambler and bum. And the gambler is the better of the two 
every day. He's not the hypocrite that the papers of Rich- 

8 Th e I d e a, 

mond are. These papers are cowards and are betraying the 
people into the hands of slavery to whiskey. 


Letters From Norfolk and Richmond 

It would do the people of Richmond good to read the large 
batches of mail we are constantly getting concerning our fight 
against evil here. Our space is too limited to reproduce these 
letters, but we print below two letters and an extract from an- 
other, all of which came in the mail this morning. 

A prominent Richmond merchant writes : 

Richmond, August 6, 1909. 
Me. a. a. Yodee, City : 

Dear Sir: '^I desire to congratulate you on the defeat of 
Saunders and Leaman yesterday as I am . sure your Idea 
should have the praise. Let the good work go on. Yours for 

A TsTorf oik wholesaler writes : 

iSTorfolk, Va., 8-6, 1909. 
"Congratulations on defeat of Saunders and Leaman. Fight 
them to a finish on the suit business, etc." 

Sincerely yours. ■ — 

The pastor of one of the largest and best known churches in 
the city writes us a long letter under the same date, Aug. Gth,^ 
which we regret we have not space to reproduce in full. From 
that letter we copy the following lines. 

"You did it with your little hatchet. I recognize that ugly 
scalp hanging at your belt. The Idea is rough on grafters. 
Let it shoot until the last corruptionist expires. * * * I 
think Richmond owes you a vote of thanks. Remember the 

T h e I dea. \) 

J3reaehers are jour friend tliough they do not denoiiiicr' so speci- 
fically as you might wish. * - "" 

''You are doing* a kind of work that many of your Avell- 
wishers could not do, their judg-ment hesitating so seriously, 
and yet they are willing to doubt their own judgment in favor 
of your heroic manner of dealing with public evils. You see 
jour duty and are bravely doing it. You are in the right di- 
rection and deserve the sympathy of all good citizens.* * *" 
Cordially yours, ■ 

We desire to thank those who are so free in their expres- 
sions of gTatitude and shall do our best to live up to the big 
opportunity here presented us by the existence of an organized 
and well equipped band of public despoilers which at each new 
revelation baffles our belief that Richmond can really be so 
steeped in public vice. 

If Ihe good people of Richmond will stand by us we are sure 
of a great accomplishment for political righteousness in Vir- 

You'll find The Idea warm everv week. 


Will He Get Back? 

Let not the people rejoice over-much over the defeat of the 
"boss." Such an astute politician cannot be destroyed in one 
day. Plans are already under way to have a vacancy in both 
the Clay and Madison ward delegations, and for the old com- 
mittee to place Leaman and Saunders back on the committee. 

There is always- a way for unprincipled men in power to 
accomplish the overthrow of the wish of the people. Eternal 
vigilance is the price of liberty. The people must not go to 
sleep. The fight is just begTin. Saunders and Leaman are 

10 The Idea. 

not the whole ring. And if the people go to sleep thinking they 
have beat the ring they are doomed to a harsh awakening. 

The rascals are even now forging their chains for a more 
lasting bondage of the peoj^le. The boss may be beaten, but 
lieutenants take his place and unless the rotten press of Rich- 
mond will continuously fight for clean government' the situation 
will be as bad next year as it is now. The papers here exert, of 
course, a large influence, and by their policy have made it pos- 
sible for Saunders and Leaman to rule with an iron hand. 

They, however, and the crooked politicians, are finding that 
in The Idea they have a foe who will expose their sins and 
by publicity thwart their methods. We know that the papers 
of Richmond are working with the crooks and politicians in 
their almost life and death fight for the destruction of this 
little paper. ISTo one but the Editor himself knows how many 
methods are being adopted to harrass and suppress and embar- 
rass and bribe this paper. 

It would be worth thousands of dollars to the forces of 
evil in Richmond led by Boss Saunders, encouraged and aided 
by the daily papers and financed by the poor tax payer through 
his patronage and permission of these bosses and subsidized 
papers and criminal dive keepers, to kill out The Idea. 

IsTotorious crooked politicians have already threatened to 
Icill the Editor of this paper, but we have to say that that is not 
as easily done as said, and that whatever they may attempt the 
spirit of The Idea will continue to push the fight until the 
last crook is gone and liberty shall again have a meaning in 
.Virginia nourishing mother of those who fight against oppres- 

Richmond people would like to know why it was that on 
election night all wards except Saunders' ward. Clay ward, 
were heard from early in the evening but the returns from 
Clay ward were held back several hours. It looks crooked to 

Ab the Times-Dispatch threw on the screen the announce- 
ment that Saunders was in all probability beaten, the assem- 
bled throng rejoiced and cheered. 

The Idea. 11 


The Mayor, The Legislature 

and The Red Light District 

Whole Section Given Over to Debauciiing Vice 
and Political Corruption. 

While there is a serious question as to the attitude of the 
law towards the social evil, there can be no question as to the 
duty of the executive and the police towards' this question. 

The Mayor has sworn to enforce the law and the law says 
this section shall not exist. IN'ow many Richmonders argue 
that tliis is a necessary evil and think that the law should 
be changed so that the business' may be regulated by law. 
That this whole section can be destroyed to the advantage of 
the city is clearly shown in the following lines : 

Most newspaper readers will remember that about two 
years ago the city of Los Angeles resolved upon the appar- 
ently chimerical experiment of eliminating the professional 
bad women from its limits. Few persons expected that the 
venture could yield anything but failure yet it was per- 
sisted in, and the example w^as followed by Portland and 
Seattle, with strangely effective results ; so that to-day there 
does not exist in these three cities a single bawdy house in 
the old sense. 

Stianger yet is the fact that among all classes, even among 
those who were formerly the most skeptical, the change has 
come to be regarded as permanent, and it has passed into ac- 
ceptance almost without protest. It is everywhere understood 
and recognized that while many of these women have been 
driven away or forced into other occu]3ations, numbers remain 
to eke out a precarious existence on the street and in lodging 

12 The Idee. 

houses ; buv the atteiidant evils of the new regime, once so 
much dreaded — such as the scattering of them throughout the 
whole body of the respectable community and resultant con- 
tamination and offence in some cases — are believed to be less 
on the whole than the old system of seggregation with its 
flaunting defi.ance of decency, and it gTadually becomes under- 
stood that the pursuit of professional wrong-doing labors under 
greater difficulties in this way than under the former method' 
of police recognition, protection, graft and despicable ward 

They expect never again to see the day when whole sections 
are given over to the pursuit of degrading and debauching vice, 
with its ramifications of private misery and political corruption. 

It is possible that a day may come when this most poison- 
ous and disruptive of civilized vices shall be banished from 
the American city ? In this day of moral and social progi'ess, 
no one can set bounds to the triumphs that decency and hon- 
esty may yet attain. It has been the saving grace of our Anglo- 
Saxon civilization that honor in man and virtue in woman 
are two elements of character without which no other accom- 
plishment of charm can avail ; and while this basic conviction 
of our people has been often and persistently outraged, yet 
there may be coming a time when, as decency is more and 
more demanded in private life, so a manly and womanly 
control of the passions may be imperiously demanded in pri; 
vate life and vigorously enforced, so far as outward manifes- 
tations are concerned, by the law. Perhaps the idea that 
loose living can not be eliminated from municipal life is a 
fallacy that some day will be clearly seen and no longer tol- 

The above was sent us by a subscriber of The Idea travel- 
ling in Indiana. It is an editorial in "The Muncie Star" of 
August 'jrd. It shows how the live Westerner is eliminating 
the whole red-light question. And yet you will hear Rich- 
mond men say: It is a "necessary evil." 

There is no such thing as a necessary evil. The phase is 
a paradox. The terms are absolutely contradictory. Evils are 
always unnecessary. 

Call murder a necessary evil ? 

Call robbery a necessary evil ? 

T h € I d e a. 13 

Certainly all these evils will exist in a sinful world, but 
that is no reason for the law to say to them: Kill. Steal. 
Commit adultery. 

The only attitude of the law to any crime should be : Thou 
shalt not steal. Thou shalt not kill. Thou shalt not com- 
mit adultery. 

If the social evil itself were not so great a moral ques- 
tion, — if it were a necessary evil,-^still The Idea would 
fight against the way it is handled in Richmond, because it is 
a source of political corruption. When the public conscience 
has feimk so low as to permit a mayor to take the whole ques- 
tion in his own hands and utterly disregard the law, then the 
citizens ought to see that these bawdy houses have their hands 
in politics, they influence elections, and we openly make the 
■charge that the mayor, as chief executive of the city, is under 
obligation to these dives through the police department, and 
this is the reason why he does not enforce the law. 

The people are arousing and the storm will break over the 
mayor's head and he will find that he must abide by his oath 
of office. 

Mayor Richardson. Can you not see the hand-writing on 
the wall, in the fall of Saunders and Leaman ? 

Mr. Folkes. Can't you see the hand-wrting on the wall 
in the triumph of the people over the Bosses ? 

Is it not time that public officials were arousing to their 
duty when the public conscience is so awake as to put down 
the grafters ? 

Richmond is awakening as can be seen by the talk of citi- 
zens everywhere. And they are going to talk more, and act 
some, too, before The Idea gives up the fight. 

The existence of the Mayo street section is the cause of 
niueh of the rottenness in politics in Richmond. 

Let no one compare the old Broad street section with the 
present Mayo street section. They were both permitted evils: 
The city has not attempted to enforce the law and has had no 
■experience to go by. 

If Richmond should attempt to enforce the law then she 
might talk with some sense about what was' best. 

Richmonders don't know because thev liave never tried. 

14 The Idea. 

But as an incorporated town of the State, Richmond's duty 
to the State is to enforce the State law. Then it can be seen 
whether the law is a good one and not till then. 

The claim is made that it is better to have them all together. 
We claim that the more you have together the more vice 
you will have in other sections. 

There are houses of ill-fame to-day scattered all over Eich- 
mond and the police do not attempt to break them up.' 

They say they are regulated. 

They may be regTilated to some extent, but they are not 

When there is a poisonous, contagious sore on the body is 
it wise to eradicate it entirely, or just try to keep it in one 
place, no matter hoAv large a place, just so its all together. 

Don't it make any difference whether it corrupts the blood 
and later breaks out all over the body? 

The social evil here has corrupted the blood of the whole 
body of Richmond, and is not only making criminals and vio- 
lators of oaths out of every policeman and the mayor, but is 
breaking out in the residence sections all over town. 

If the officer of the law were not under obligations to the 
criminals and dive-keepers they could not only run them out 
of Mayo street, but they could easily keep them out of the 
residence sections and all other sections. 

No. they want to protect them. There is where the trou- 
ble lies. And there is where The Idea will fight them. 

The article on "Policy Shops" will appear next week as will 
■also ariteles on gambling houses patronized by city officials. 
Some of the big fish will be handled with gloves off. 

]SJ"ext week The Idea will be printed in smaller type. You'll 
get more for your money. 

Did he run, or did he slip? Did ho Slide? 

We grow about 250 in circulation each week. This week 
we print 4,500. Get a price on ads. now before we put it up. 


Richmond News Co., 613 E. Broad St., Richmond, Va. 

Samuel H. Cowardin, 1815 E. Main St Richmond, Va. 

Globe News Co., 614 E. Main St., Richmond, Va. 

Model News Co., 519 W. Broad St., Richmond, Va. 

Myer's Book Store, 100 E. Broad St., Richmond, Va. 

The People's Drug Store, 3900 Williamsburg Ave., Richmond, Va. 

W. F. Eanes 2813 E. Broad St., Richmond, Va. 

Mutual News Stand, Mutual Building, Richmond, Va. 

T. P. Marsalla 1210 E. Main St., Richmond, Va. 

Thompson's Drug Store, 1600 W. Main St., Richmond, Va. 

A. Marchetti & Co., 701 W. Main St., Richmond, Va. 

Adam Wohlsiefer, 708 W. Broad St., Richmond, Va. 

J. T. Abbott & Son 1103 Hull St., Manchester, Va. 

R. H. Shepherd, 900 Main St., Lynchburg, Va. 

Sam H. Sharove, 41 Bank St., Petersburg, Va. 

Elliott News Co., South Boston, Va. 

Brawford News Co., Bedford City, Va. 

Several news stands have been added this week, a list of which will appear next week. 

WE SELL and Guarantee 

The New Columbia 
Champion Refrig= 
erators, New Pro= 
cess Gas Ranges, 
McDougall Kitchen 


And Everything in Reliable 

Furnit'ireandfloor Coverings 

JONES BROS. & CO., Inc. 

1418=1420 E. Main St., Richmond, Va. 


The IDEA, in a class by itself, is like no other pub- 
lication in Richmond, 

Outside the city, a field ripens to investigation and 

Expect us presently along- that road, for duty beck- 
ons, and the IDEA is enlisted for a war on Grab and Gralt 
and Greed. 

Independent of all partisan affiliations, the IDEA 
stands for civic betterment and reform, holding that the 
virtues of manhood have value in themselves, while political 
opinions and associations, ephemeral and variable at best, 
when used by an office-holder's trust are misapplied and 
corrupted horribly to the people's hurt. 

The aid of all good citizens is invoked. 
Try the IDEA, 
I year for two dollars. 6 months for a dollar. 

3 months for half a dollar, i month for a quarter. 

Your news resources are incomplete without it. 

Send your name and address clearly written and 
remit by check or money order. 




Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk Paving, Halls, 
Vestibules, Basements, &c. 

The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, and he< 
takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work and straight 
forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled. 


Established in 1894. The aim of the school is clearly set forth by its 

MOTTO. "Thorough instruction under positively Christian influences at the lowest 
"HJ 1 1 \Jl possible cost." » • i. 

The school was established by the Methodist Church, not to make money, but to furnish 
a place where girls can be given thorough training in body, mind, and heart at a moderate 
cost. The object has been po fully carried out that as a ^ j - 

DCCI TI T It is to-day, with its faculty of 32, its boarding patronage of 300, and its 

KCOU L. 1 : building and grounds, worth $140,000 


pays all charges for the year, including the table board, room, lights, steam 
heat, laundry, medical attention, physical culture, and tuition in all subjects 
except music and elocution. Apply for catalogue and application blank to 
REV. JAMES CANNON, JR.. M. A., Principal, Blackstone. Va. 


A Picture of Home! 

Years from now you'll wish you had 
a picture of your present home or 
business house or those dear to you 

Call Up Phone, Madison 3441 




913 E. MAIN 


"Our Distinguished 





"tyl LIVE WIRE" 
Bujr It Read It 



Hunter's, 629 E. Broad St 





Vol. Ill Aug. 21, 1909 No. 12 

$2.00 A YEAR 




For Sale At All News Stands 

Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 

Phone, Madison 1086 


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<'■■». 'fO.a 

Vol. Ill AUGUST 21, I90y No. 12 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 X Year 

' ' Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. YoDEK,' '''"'"', 

Hii ' 904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va-. » '■■ >'•■ '■'■^ 


1' Eviilefi%)the^;t;lai'iy papers of\Kiciiiiioiid':Would)vl|ave di|ffi^ 
ciilty in reeogiiiziiig the truth if met "in the lug road," if 
one is to judge by the news items they get. It is becatise the 
truth can not be had from them that we find it advisable tc 
give so miich^ spacS tT^th'dse* trials in, this Ipea.i-- "'"' A 

The News-Leader of Friday, the 13th, published an article 
pretending to give an account of the assault of Dutch Lea- 
nian on the Editor of The Idea. In that article we counted 
^ix distinct and separate lies besides inniunerable half lies 
and half truths which together m;ad^, an altogether libekus and 
xnalicious mixture. 

r, The Editor was fast running down to the Neivs-Leader 
office to get from an employee oi i\\Q. News-Leader some copies 
of The Idea, which he had obtained unde^ ialse pretenses, and 
was selling an hour and a half before the time which The 
Ideas were to be put on sale. Mr. Leaman stopped him and 
g^id: "Look here, I want to see you." The Editor said. "I 
have not time to see you now; T have to see. a- fellow this 
minute at the Leader office." 

2 The Idea. 

Leaman then grabbed Yoder by the coat and said: "I've 
got to see you now/- and pulling a copy of The Idea from his 
pocket he said: *'You write this book don't you," and as 
Yoder said "^'yes," Leaman, without asking any explanation of 
any statement or referring to any statement or even opening 
the paper, (and the Editor has never heard from Leaman yet, 
what statement in the paper he objected to) , immediately struck 
at the Editor who broke from Leaman and struck Leaman in 
the face as he, Leaman. assaulted Yoder again. Leaman, three 
separate times attempted to down Yoder, and each time was 

After defending himself from Leaman and giving in self- 
defense more than he received, Yoder resumed his run to the 
Leader office where he arrived in time to get from that place 
79 copies out of 300 'taken and where he found Ideas being 
sold over the counter by the News-Leader office man, who was 
making 2 cents a copy either for himself or the, News-Leader 


Anarchistic Proceedings 

Wlien the Leaman assault case was heard itt court Satur- 
day morning, Mr, Yoder stated to the court that since he was 
not desirous of prosecuting Leaman, but had sw^orn out the 
warrant in order to put Leaman under bond, because he had 
made threats, and since he understood that Mr. Leaman would 
plead guilty he w^ould suggest to the court, that if Mr. Lea- 
man would do so no testimony need be taken. The justice 
then asked Leaman if he admitted the assault and Leaman 
said "yes," and this plea of giiilty did away with any trial 
and evidence and should have ended the case if there had been 
any regard for justice in this coutt. 

The I dea. 3 

Oil the question of bond, the justice said he would re- 
quire $100.00 bond of each of us. 

Now notice that the court had no ^val•rant for requiring 
])ond of the Editor because not only had no evidence been in- 
troduced in the trial, but none could be under the plea made 
by the prisoner. Therefore the court had no more right to 
require bond of Yoder than he had of any spectator in the 
court, because he had no judicial knowledge on which to act. 

If evidence were introduced showing that Yoder had 
broken the peace, or if any such charge had been made, or if 
the charge that Yoder had made any such threats had been 
jnade, then and only then could the court legally require bond 
to keep the peace and Yoder so stated to the court in his ob- 

!N^ow Leaman's case had been settled by his plea of guilty 
and yet the court permitted Leaman. to deliver a tirade of 
abuse and invective against Yoder after this, and after the 
Editor made objection to it and after the court had temporarily 
stopped him twice on objection of the Editor. 

The court showed it had no respect for, or absolutely no 
knowledge of justice and legal procedure, by letting Mr. 
Leaman take the time of and interrupt the proceedings of 
the court by insults and threats. 

Leaman stated in court that he not only made threats, but 
that he would reiterate them and even went so far as to state 
to the court that he was going to get Yoder and said, "Yes. 
and there is going to be shedding of blood, too." 

The Editor then said, "You see, he makes threats and I 
make none and I object to your requirement of bond and will 
take an appeal." 

Then an officer of the court said to Leaman, "You take an 
appeal, too," and Leaman took an appeal. 

jSTow the peculiar legal procedure is again seen when Squire 
Graves, after noting the appeal to come up in October, required 
the Editor to give bond anyhow. 

We want to know what the appeal from bond amounts to 
anyhow, if one has to give bond after taking the appeal. 

As we left the court after this farce of a trial spectators 
were indiimant and said that Leaman had been allowed the 

4 The Idea. 

liberty of the court in abusing the Editor in the hope that 
the Editor would do something for which he could be fined 
for contempt of court. And this had come to our ears often 
before the trial that an attempt would be made in court to 
do this. If there has ever been more flagrant contempt of 
court than Leaman's act yesterday, we have failed to hear of 
it. We would have to have utmost contempt both for the court 
and for ourselves to ever speak as Leaman did. 

The Virginia Statute on contempt makes a man guilty for 
contempt of court who uses such language "in the presence of 
the court." He don't have to address insults to the court. 

Yet Leaman can be giiilty of infracting the law before 
Squire Graves and go scot froo. 

Most everybody in Richmond thinks he knows what the 
squire would have done if the Editor of The Idea had been 
.guilty of contempt of court. 


On Eriday, a few minutes after the unsuccessful attempt 
on the part of Leaman to harm A. A. Yoder, Rex GriiSn, Lea- 
man's former bar-keeper appeared at The Idea office and 
quietly asked for Mr. Yoder and stated to the Editor that he 
was wrong in stating that he, Griffin, was elected to succeed 
Moody at the time of Moody's dismissal as he did not have 
Moody's beat and was elected about two weeks from the time 
of Moody's dismissal. 

He was told that we were very sorry if we had made a 
mistake and that we would look it up at the .first opportunitv 
and make the correction for we had no desire to make any 
statements which were not true. He stated further that he 
simply desired to have the facts as they were. He then asked 
what the word "puppet" meant, which we explained to him as 
meaning a "tool." His conversation was quiet and orderly and 

The Idea. 5 

wp talked cordially to him for a minute or so. Thoug-h the 
JCditor and the clerk in the office both smelled whiskey very 
strong on him he was not threatening and he did not demand 
anything, though we very gladly told him we would correct 
any errors made. 

Griffin then departed and we thought the matter settled 
until the next regular issue appeared when we would be ready 
to correct any errors. 

Saturday and Friday being days of sale, are our Inisiest 
days and we thought no more of the matter until Saturday 
night at 8 o'clock when the Editor w^as standing alone in front 
of hi» office, and Griffin walked quietly up and after looking 
into the office which was empty he asked if we had "asked the 
chief about that matter I was talking to you about yesterday." 
We had not heard of the chief in this connection before, but 
knowing what he meant, we said, "ISTo, I've been so busy since 
yesterday with my sales that I have not had time to even 
think of anything else." No further remark was made by 
either of us and the Editor was not looking at Griffin, be- 
cause he did not expect any violence and knew of no occasion 
for any one to take an offence at the statements referred to, 
even if they had been errors. Suddenly, and with no warning 
and not even seeing Griffin, who was standing in the shadows 
at his right, the Editor was struck a stunning blow in the face 
which felled him. Then Griffin, who weighs apparently 200 
pounds, jumped on the Editpr, and rained blow after blow 
upon him and kicked him in the face as he struggled beneath 
him until they were separated. 

When the brother of the Editor, who was eating supper 
at the hotel, next door, an-ived and tried to pull Griffin off, 
some powerful fellow, apparently an accomplice of Griffin, 
gi-abbed him and pulled him into the street, and it was some 
time after a crowd arrived before Yoder was released from 
his powerful antagonist. A pistol that Griffin had, 'No. 96, 
and w^hich he dropped in the scuffle, was handed by Yoder over 
to an officer and Policeman Goldsby took charge of it. 

:N'o police w^as to be found at the time of the murderous as- 
sault and Griffin disappeared in the throng which gathered. 

6 The I dea. 

After Yoder liad goue to his hotel policemen arrived and later 
the chief himself who seemed very considerate. 

The Times-Dispatch, in their bungled account of the affair, 
very ironically remarked that after the affair was over the 
police arrived and ^'every protection was thrown about the 
man attacked," as if the Editor needed protection after the as- 
sailant had slipped away. Does the Times-Dispatch mean to 
acknowledge that it knew of a conspiracy to continue the affair 
when Griffin was stopped. 

It looks like there was such a conspiracy. Dutch Leaman 
was seen walking by a very few minutes before the assault 
was made and unknown men arose out of the dark in time to 
stop any protection of Yodrv by bis f riei «is. 

Have you noticed that the papers seem to be in so abso- 
lute fear that they will help the good cause along by adver- 
tising The Idea, that thev do not dare to even nieLtion the 
name of this magazine in writing up sensational stuff con- 
cerning US'. 

Poor, little frightened papers. Has The Idea hurt their 
sales or has it also hurt their revenues from questionable sources 
by exposing wrong doing in the political life of Richmond 
which thev labor so hard to cover up. 



111 the police court ]\Ionday morning. Officer Griffin plead 
guilty and there was thus no evidence introduced to show the 
gravity of the charge. 

Attorney Sands appeared for Griffin and although Griffin 
had already plead guilty and the assault case was thus set- 
tled, still Sands took it on himself to make slanderous charges 
against The Idea which had no bearing on the case, and after 
the Editor objected to his insulting remarks and insisted that 
the court reqniro him to confine himself to the case he de- 

T h e I dea. 7 

The court fined Griffin $25.00 and put biiu under bond 
for $500.00 for one year to keep the peace and the trial was 

The Editor was astounded later in the day to find from the 
papers that this bond had been removed ''as Griffin is under 
bond as a police officer." 

'Now the Editor is not one to seek vengeance and he did 
not prosecute Griffin, but swore out the warrant for his arrest 
as a protective measure, because the police who arrived long 
after the assault showed no inclination to arrest Griffin of their 
own initiative, but one of them stated that it would be neces- 
sary for the Editor to sw^ear out a warrant in order to have 
him arrested and one of these officers secured a justice of the 
peace before whom the warrant was sworn out. The object, of 
course, was to protect from further assault by requiring bond 
of Griffin. 

This bond which was required Avas remitted on the flimsy 
excuse offered that he was already under bond, whereas that 
bond stood legally forfeited when he committed the assault. 
The action of the court simply says to the criminal that an as- 
sailant may take a gnm, as an officer of the law, though he be 
under heavy bond, sworn to keep the peace at all times and 
protect and defend the law, and go and make an assault and 
not even forfeit that bond. 

The police board has sanctioned that stand and refused to 
require the officer to forfeit his bond. 

If such anarchy is permitted to run Richmond, violence 
may be resorted to to right any supposed wrongs. 

The Leader accounts, as usual, had the things all bungled 
up. In one place the Leader article stated that Griffin was 
charged with assaulting Yod'er on Capitol street. Later in the 
same article this appears: "The attack took place on Broad 
street near 9th." !N"either statement is true, as Griffin a.s- 
Baulted Yoder on the premises of Yoder near the door of his 

The lad who lassoes an idea and hog ties it. is the only one 
who reallv counts. — Hubbard. 

T h e I d e a . 


Monday, August 16th, the Editor had the Saunders' case 
to answer to in the Law and Equity Court and the Griffin case 
in the police court and then received a summons to appear as a 
witness in the case of the chief against Griffin before the police 
board, who had been suspended by Werner for the assault. 

The Editor answered that summons and appeared before 
tJiat board. 

A chair was placed toward the centre of the room for 
him and the other party called as a witness, viz., the chief, 
was directed to a seat against the wall as well as was Griffin, 
against whom the charge was brought. 

The Times-Dispatch said this morning that "Yoder was 
invited into the meeting of the board and he was permitted 
to ask questions." 

The fact is, Yoder was duly summoned by legal process 
to appear before this secret farce or he never would have 
attended. He is not going about begging a secret police board 
to prosecute a man. If he has any prosecuting to do it will 
be by legal and open methods. 

On the other hand Yoder was summoned and it very soon 
appeared that the object of the game was to quis and try Yoder 
for libel for the three commissioners who asked 95 per cent, 
of all the questions asked showed by their questions that their 
object was to justify Griffin as they finally did do, and to even 
attempt by continued cross-questioning of the Editor to force 
the Editor by confusing him to make him entangle himself 
so that they would have some ground for suggesting that he 
humiliate himself before them in explaining and apologizing. 

The Editor had to frequently call the presiding officer's at- 
tention to the unheard-of and uncalled-for and improper pro- 
cedure and frequently refused to go into a discussion of the 
motives of and methods of The Idea which had absolutely no 
bearing on the case. 

In every one of his refusals and objections the Mayor sus- 

The Idea. 9 

taiiied him and the case proceeded only to find other imper- 
tinent questions objected to. 

The Editor had even to go so far as to tell the hoard, ''I 
am not on trial before you; if you want me tried there is a 
proper court, but I refuse to answer and object to beinii' asked, 
because I do not like to appear to be discourteous, (pu'stions 
which have no bearing- whatever on the charge against Griffin 
for which I was summoned here," and ''I call your attention 
to the fact that from the proceedings I, and not Gi-iffin. am on 

During the questioning of Griffin he stated that Mr. Lea- 
man was so active in supporting him for the force that this 
activity was reported to be the reason he was not at first ap- 
pointed. ' AVe take it that he was not so active at the time 
of Griffin's appointment, but in view of these admissions, who 
can doubt for a moment the truth of The Ideal's main con- 
tention, namely, that Leaman's influence put Leaman's bar- 
keeper on the police force of Richmond, when Leaman was 
so recognized a factor in things political in Richmond, that 
the papers which have refused to join the fight against politi- 
cal corruption here refer to him as Boss Leaman. 

Turther. At least three times as many questions were put 
to the Editor as were put to the prisoner in this secret, night 
star chamber immitation of a court. 

Attention should be called to the fact that this trial court 
is composed of seven men who are not lawyers, and from 
their proceedings, don't know the first principals of legal pro- 
cedure. The members who kept quiet may have known, but 
it appeared that those who did the talking were either igno- 
rant of, or had no care for, recognized bounds and limits 
which should confine them to the case on trial. 

To us the whole business seemed to be an attempt to pro- 
tect, rather than prosecute Griffin, and the result verifies our 

To attempt a complete notice of the trial would be out of 
the question, for it alone would fill The Idea, but to show 
the way tliey got away from the question and their lack of desire 
for the truth of the assault, let it be known that no question 
was asked the Editor as to how many blows he was struck, still 

10 The Idea. 

when they had finished questioning, and when Griffin was tes- 
tifying, he, the assailant, was asked how many blows he struck. 
and he replied, "five or six." 

They did not ask for and did not get the facts of the as- 
sault and if they had wanted the whole truth, could easily 
have gotten other witnesses, whose names they were aware of, 
because the officers were told all about it. 

ISTow the minor question comes up which Griffin claimed he 
desired to have properly set forth, but which on trial in the 
hoard he denied was the cause of the assault. 

Let's quote The Idea article in question. It reads : 

""One can see how Leaman's influence is felt in running 
city government when it is known that Leaman's bar-keeper, 
Rex Griffin, was elected policeman at the time Moody was 
discharged from the force. The truth is that Leaman's man 
was slated as Moody's successor long before the case was framed 
up against Moody." 

In the newspaper account of the matter, both in the Times- 
Dispatch and the Leader, we find the board showed they knew 
not what they were about by using the following words : "The 
publication which was false, inasmuch as it charged that you 
had framed up a case to get Officer Moody discharged and 
yourself appointed." 

The Idea resents this gross misstatement and calls atten- 
tion to the real publication which we have quoted above. 

Let the reader consider the facts and then consider the 
findings of the board and draw his own conclusion, as to 
whether the board was indicting Griffin or The Idea, and 
whether they told the truth or not. 

Members of the board took occasion last night in the trial 
to bring out that Griffin was not elected exactly at the time, 
but two weeks or so before the discharge of Moody, and there- 
fore did not succeed Moody. 

Although we were so careful to get at the facts in the first 
case as to ask four policemen about this before going to print 
and three out of the four told us that Moody was succeeded 
by Griffin, still, since the board now informs us of the error, 
it gives us pleasure to have the privilege of correcting this as 
we have no desire to misrepresent any one. 

The I de a . 11 

The Idea desires to state that altliougb Lcaman made 
threats against Yoder openly in court and Leaman's character 
Avas known to the police, still no police protection was offered 
anywhere near Yoder's office, and police were so far away 
that no one appeared in time to offer any protection or even 
summon any witnesses, A list of witnesses was sent to police 
headquarters on Sunday, but the police did not summons them 
to court, and appeared all through the affair not to desire to 
do anything to get the facts in the case before the public or 
the court and they never have either been examined by the 
court or appeared in the papers. 


Richmond, Va., Aug. 16, 1909. 

We, the members of the board of stewards of Clay-Street 
Methodist Episcopal church, in regular meeting, wish to enter 
our protest and express our indignation at the action of Police- 
man Griffin in taking the law in his own hands in dealing out 
summary punishment to A. A. Yoder, a citizen of Richmond, 
for an insult, whether real or imaginary. 

That we enter our solemn protest against the light punish- 
ment meted out to him in the police court, and claim that he 
has demonstrated clearly his unfitness as an officer of the law, 
and we think it the duty of the board of police commissioners 
to at once dismiss him from the police force. 

That we consider his action an affront to the respectable 
element of our community. 

Adopted by unanimous vote of the board. 

E. I. BAUGHE", Recording Secretary." 


When Squire Graves placed Learn an under bond on re- 
quest of Yoder, who preferred charges and had them sustained 
in court by a plea of guilty, Officer Graves overstepped the 

12 The Idea. 

bounds of common sense and law l)y also requiring bond of 
the Editor, who objected to his decision and took an appeal 
from it because no evidence had been introduced to show that 
the peace had been broken or would be broken by him. 

The law is as follows : Sec. 3920. "If a person in the pres- 
ence of the court or a conservator of the peace make an affray, 
or threaten to kill or beat another or to commit violence against 
his person or property, or contend with angry words to the dis- 
turbance of the peace, he may, without process or further proof, 
be required to give a recognizance." 

Thus it will be seen that it becomes the duty of the judge 
not only to require bond of Leaman but the law also demands 
that before he could require bond of Yoder, Yoder must "make 
an affray," or "contend," or "threat" "in the presence of the 
court" or else, (see Sec. 2913) "complaint must be made" and 
"warrant must be issued" and "witnesses must be examined" 
to substantiate the charge. None of ■ these things were done 
in Yoder's case therefore he could not legally be required to 
give peace bond. 

We told him that he had no warrant in law for putting us 
under bond. 

He cannot, therefore, plead ignorance. 

Note these facts, (1) that .T. R. Gordon, father of Police 
Commissioner Gordon, went Griffin's bail. 

(2) That Chris. Manning, Police Commissioner, went Lea- 
man's bail. 

(3) That Commissioners Gordon and Lauderkin were in 
communication with Sands, attorney for Griffin at the trial of 
Griffin in the police court. 


The papers of last week tell of the raid on the policy shops 
made by the police and the Times-DispatcJi even dares. to claim 
that they did it by investigating this business a year and a 
half affo. 

The Idea. 13 

The Dispatch must think the public arc all fools to suggest 
that this was done because of a little publicity a year or two 

If you ask Chief Werner why the raid was made and it he 
will give you a fair answer, he'll tell you he did not like the 
way The Idea not only exposed the policy shops but exposed 
his and the department's crime in protecting them. The police 
department don't have to be told where the policy shops are. 
They know better than The Idea or the Dispatch where they 
are for they protect this crime just as they do the social evil. 
All manner of crimes are protected in Kichmond and the police 
board are not bothered much by an exposition of the crimes 
just so the blame is not fixed when it belongs on them. The 
policeman would put the policy shop out in a jiffy but he can't 
do it ; the courts and the board won't let him. 

As a prominent Richmonder said recently, he knew of no 
city in which the forces of evil were so thoroughly entrenched 
and protected as in Richmond. If the people of Richmond 
would look into the past lives of some of their prominent, slick 
politicians and see from what base sources they sprang, from 
what degraded occupations they came to their present seats of 
power and corruption, they would not wonder at the attitude 
of protection of vice which these crooked officials maintain. 

Did you ever rnquire how many ex-barkeepers and gamblers 
there are now in power in Richmond politics. If yon have not 
it would pay you to ask some questions about tho antecedents 
and former live.:, of those who run Richmond. 

If the police desired to break up the policy games why did 
they tackle a poor negro for it when they knew where the seat 
of all the trouble Avas ? Why did they simply skirmish and 
let the rascals off ? Why did they not go after the center of the 
trouble ? And The Idea answers "They don't want to, but w^e'll 
make 'em want to." Why did they not get Griffith ? Because of 

In the fight for good government we need and earnestly 
ask the co-operation and tangible support of the good citizens 
of Richmond. Everything possible is being done bv the forces 

14 The Idea. 

pi evil to tax the limited resources of the publisher and if it 
were his fight alone he would do his best and say nothing to 
others along this line. 

Others have heew persecuted for the right before and he 
expected just what has happened and looks for more because of 
the desperate straits of the malefactors exposed, and because 
he cannot expect police protection. Their fight, however, is 
not simply against the editor, but is against the turning on the 
light, is against the good of Richmond. Organized evil is 
fighting unorganized good. In the contest of the people against 
the grafters will you lend your aid or do you care whether The 
Idea goes down and the grafters gain a better hold on your 

Tuesday afternoon. — The Leader, just out, for to-day, has 
what purports to be an interview with a police commissioner 
which is so at variance with the truth that we make the follow- 
ing statement. 

ISTot only did no conversation pass between Griffin and 
Yoder on Saturday in reference to the word puppet, but Grif- 
fin did not even claim in his testimony before the board that 
such conversation occurred. 

The article in question contained no foundation in facts 
and we would insist on a corrected account at the hands of the 
Leader were it not for the fact that .■*(> few people believe what 
they see in the Richmond daily papers. 


When The Idea began publication it was an exceedingly 
rare thing to see a policeman anywhere near that office. Soon 
after a policeman could be found almost continually standing 
immediately in front of The Idea office on the opposite side 
of the street carefully scrutinizing all who came to The Idea 
office. After threats of violence were made against the editor 
it was noticed that this special police protection had been with- 

T h e I d e a . 15 

drawn and althongli threats of bloodshed had been angrily made 
in open court, still when on two separate occasions vicious as- 
saults were made on the editor, one on his own premises and 
another near them, no policeman was near and no officer of the 
law^ did anything to apprehend the offender. 


The good citizens of Richmond seem surprised at the way 
.the authorities have practically sanctioned violence and law- 
breaking even on the part of officers sworn to enforce the law. 
.The Idea is not at all surprised as such procedure is exactly 
in keeping with the practice in the past. 

Then too, it must be remembered that the article of which 
Griffin and Leaman complained was more a censure of those 
in authority than it was of Griffin and Leaman and that these 
two were practically fighting the fight of the police board 
whew they attacked the editor. They could not be expected 
to turn against their friends. The attitude of friendship of 
the authorities toward these two is remarked on by all famil- 
iar with the farces called trials which Richmond has recently 
been disgraced wath. 

We wonder how long it will be before the people of Rich- 
mond really appreciate the depths of corruption to which their 
departments of justice and law enforcement have descended. 

These things are not new experience here. Abuses of jus- 
tice just as flagrant as these are frequently happening but the 
people have not been acquainted with the facts. 

It is high time that Richmond people noted as a church- 
going and benevolent ]ieople, were arising in their might and 
throwing off not only the corrupt and crooked politicians and 
grafters but also the ancient and outworn form of city govern- 
ment which makes such abuses so easy of accomplishment. 

Government by a small commission of paid specialists is 
the solution for other cities, wdiv not for Richmond ? 

16 The Idea. 

Meantime, let Richmond men organize a law-and-order 
league which shall see to it that the present laws are enforced. 
and correct the gToss abuses which so openly exist in our midst 
to the shame and disgrace of all good citizens and to the sor- 
row and suffering of the poor and the weak and those so unfor- 
tunate as to come within the reach of those in authority. 

We wish to commend the News-Leader of Monday for the 
editorial stand they take against the action of the police board 
in permitting one who commits an assault and breaks the peace 
to represent the people as a preserver of the peace sworn at 
all times to keep the peace. It is hoped that this editorial at- 
titude for fair play will permeate the other department of the 
paper and make of it what Eichmond so much needs, a square- 
and fair daily newspaper. 

It will be an experiment worth trying in Richmond and 
one which we believe would surprise the experimenters by the 
approval it would receive. 

Do the people of Richmond really want to see Richmond 
rid of its ring of gTafters ? 

Do they want to see The Idea continue the work of expos- 
ing wrong. Are they willing to see the grafters succeed in 
this attempt to break up The Idea by making it use all its 
resources and place itself in debt by defending itself in courts. 

This is the plan of campaign of the enemy. Their only 
hope is in breaking The Idea or killing the editor. 

If the people of Richmond want The Idea to continue let 
them insist on the protection which cities everywhere else in 
Virginia guarantee even to a criminal, and let them also come 
to the rescue and fight the gTafters to the last quarter. 

The Idea now has sufficient circulation to gaia^'antee its 
existence provided it is not broken by legal fees. 

We are frank to confess that if we have to bear all the 
expense of lawyers which the enemy promises to make us we 
do not think we can stand. 

If you want The Idea to continue your fight, say so and 
act accordingly. If you want The Idea to stop; if you are 

The Idea. 17 

.satisfied to let the grafters run the city ; if 3-011 want to per- 
mit injustice to afflict the unfortunate; if you desire to ke^p 
thugs and criminals protected and innocents persecuted by and 
in the name of your government then The Idea does not desire 
to offend by continuing the fight. What do you want, gentle- 
men of Richmond ? We do not want to appear as usurpers. It 
is up to the manhood of Richmond to decide for whether the^ 
Avant to or not a. time of decision has come. 


Since starting The Idea many letters have been received 
urging that an independent fearless daily paper be started here. 
The management of The Idea will not enter that field for 
many good reasons, but The Idea is greatly pleased to learn 
from the very best authority that large financial interests are 
planning to start a State Republican daily paper in Richmond. 

ISTow The Idea, though edited by one who votes the Demo- 
cratic ticket, is an independent paper and it is more interested 
in seeing clean politics than in seeing Democratic j^olitics in 
control in Virginia. For tha sake therefore of clean Demo- 
cratic affairs we rejoice over the prospect of an opposition paper 
and we trust and believe that the great body of Democratic 
people of Richmond will give the new paper when it comes, the 
hearty support it deser^^es. 

Democrats can not be freed from the rotten, political ring 
which dominates them until the light is turned on by an op- 
position press and until they are compelled to believe what The 
Idea is weekly telling them that Virginia political affairs and 
especially Richmond political affairs, are in the hands of as cor- 
rupt and rotten a ring as ever dominated a State or a commun- 

And now thev say there is graft in buvino- plus; horses for 
policemen. It looks like the police department is rotten from 
center to circumference and is the most corrupt thing in Rich- 
mond, and that is saving a whole lot. 

18 The Idea. 

EX-MAYOR McCarthy on the 


; Kobodj has yet discovered why it is that ten or twelve 
men, whose individual oj^inions and character have no weight 
whatever with anybody, can get together in a political com- 
mittee and become a center of wisdom and influence and 
sway the destiny of a community. ' 

It is simply amazing what insignificant fellows do their 
owii good' pleasure with the helpless voters. 

Two great parties govern the "country and are in turn them- 
selves governed by a few professional politicians. 

The above lines appear in Captain McCarthy's book, "Our 
Distinguished Fellow Citizen." 

H;:; also makes the following remarks: 

'.'Ii is a strange fact that the bar-rooms and liquor inter- 
ests of nearly all, if not all the large cities of this country, 
exert, more influence in determining nominations and elec- 
tions -than all the churches of all the denominations combined." 

"Almost anybody will believe a thoroughly agreeable lie." 

"Tliere Avere chairs in the room evidently made to sit in." 

"The prisoner remarked on his way back to jail, that he 
might be hanged, but it. was some consolation to know that 
ho had been to the police court for the last time." 

"Good and, evil mixed is pure evil. Virtue never compro- 
nii-es: if it does it is no longer virtue, but vice." 

"The science of compromise is the devil's specialty." 
.. The • ajbo ye- quotations were selected at random after hur- 
riedly reading "Our Distingiiished Fellow Citizen." 

The book was sent- us by th^ publishers from Harrisonburg 
Avith request for advertising rates. 

We read tlie book at one sitting — it was so intensely inter- 
esting,^ — and Ave take pleasure in adding this comment in the 
hope tliat Tfichmond citizens who want to know how the city 
is run may be directed to one who knoAvs more than any man 
in Virginia abuut municipal affairs. 

Ti(^ad the publisher's ad. on back of cover. 


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Practical and Theoretical Pedagogy Courses for training 
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A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill AUGUST 28, 1909 No. 13 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mail matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Rlchmoud, Va. 


And Crooked Methods 

in the Police Court 

The daily papers last week stated that the bond of $500 
which the court required of policeman Griffin, had been re- 
mitted, on account of the fact that he was already under bond". 

It is true, he was already under bond, but it is also true 
that that bond amounted to nothing, because the police com- 
missioner did not require him to forfeit that bond. 

Justice Graves did impose a bond of $500, and the records 
do not show that it was remitted. 

The Idea reporter who went to see about this on Thurs- 
day, three days after bond was ordered, found that Griffin had 
walked off without giving bond, and the officer in charge 
stated to the reporter that nothing had been done to see that 
Griffin did furnish bond. 

Squire Graves appeared at this juncture, and the clerk 
told him that Griffin had not filed bond, and he then ordered 
that Griffin be sent for. 

2 ■ T h e I d e a . 

This proves that the officers of the court were in sympa- 
thy with Griffin, and deliberately let him walk off without 
furnishing bond. They were extremely careful to require 
$100 bond of the editor when he was assaulted; and yet 
when a sworn officer assaults the editor, he not only does not 
forfeit the bond he is already under, but he walks off without 
putting up bond for the future. 

If this is not rotten, what is it? Some day, perhaps, the 
good people of Richmond will wake up to a realization of 
how bold their public servants are in encouraging the vio- 
lation of the law. If they treat the violators of the law in 
this way can any justice be expected of them. 

Let a confessed criminal off from a $500 bond and im- 
pose a $100 bond on one against whom no charge has ever 
been made. 

It's up to the voters of Richmond to put clean men in 
office in the Council, and at the first opportunity, get a 
form of government which does away with this outlandish 
councilmanic system. 

It is the Council which elects the police board, which 
is so loosely and corruptly run as to permit all these injustices. 
Let this be known that the Council elects, and it is gen- 
erally the case that the ring crowd in the Council, run by Pol- 
lock and Mills and their gang, nearly always have their way 
in electing police commissioners, as they did recently in elect- 
ing McCarthy, for whose election Pollock led the fight which 
was so desperate that Pollock could not contain himself when 
it was over and lost himself in oaths in the Council chamber. 

Pollock knew how much his influence in police court de- / 
pended on the election of his man, and he clearly showed it. 

And yet intelligent Richmond people permit men like 
Pollock to largely run the city, both in the Council and the 
police court. 

And the papers are to blame, because they would not 
turn on the light. 

If you don't like The Idea, read the Times-Dispatch 
or the News-Leader. They won't hurt you. 

The Idea. 


The Idea man has again called on the poiI<3P cojI'c to 
find whether Griffin furnished bond or not, and behold what 
he fonnd: 

Opposite Griffin's name on the docket is found an entry 
showing that at last, W. E. Griggs appeared as his bonds- 
man, and on looking to see who Griggs is, the directory dis- 
closes that W. E. Griggs is a justice of the peace, with head- 
quarters at Room 18, basement City Hall, which Room 18, is 
the police court. So it seems that the wheel within a wheel 
discloses itself.- 

The ring grows ! 

A police commissioner's father bails Griffin. Police com- 
missioners coilnsel his defence in the police court. The Board 
then defends hini and excuses , his acts and encourages law- 
lessness by putting him back to work with a farce of a fine. 
The police court lets him walk off without giving bond. And 
last, when they find The Idea looking into their crooked 
work, a justice of the peace and side partner of the court 
goes his bond. Ye angels and little fishes, behold the workings 
of the ring in protecting and defending crime. This little 
incident ought to show how Richmond' is run. Will the peo- 
ple wake up. We rather think they will. 

The article below is clipped from a pamphlet put out by 

Mr. Maxwell, who was shamefully treated by this 

same Squire Graves. We publish it to show over how long 
a time this injustice to citizens has extended. 

Maxwell was unlawfully handled by city officials on 
Christmas, 1907, and Graves is still doing business at the 
old stand. 


Now let me tell you the position he occupies. I have 
seen him taking up tickets at the Academy of Music, and at 
the Base Ball grounds; a gate-keeper, or ticket-taker at the 
Fair grounds. Now, this is the man that put me under bond 

4 Th e I dea . 

to keep the peace "wheu there was no evidence that I had dis- 
turbed the peace of — -:ody. Now, I have been in this com- 
munity for sixtc'u months, and I ask the public if I have 
injured or tried to injure anybody, or "if I have violated the 
peace of the community I have lived in ; if not, then I ask 
the public, why I was put under bond to keep the peace and 
sent to jail on the 24th and remained there until the 26th. 
Think of this Christmas Day, a man like I tell you I am, to 
be sent to jail by a man of the appearance and in the position 
of Graves. 


Extract From the Declaration Filed 
by Clyde Saunders 

"By reason of the said premises, divers residents of the 
ward aforesaid, in which the said plaintiff resides, have re- 
fused to support him in his candidacy aforesaid, and did not 
vote for him at the election aforesaid, held on the said 5th 
of August, 1909, as they would otherwise have done. And 
also by means of the premises aforesaid, the said plaintiff 
has been and is greatly injured and damnified to the damages 
of the said plaintiff, twenty thousand dollars." 

If it's a crime in Virginia to beat a political boss at the 
polls, then we must be guilty. 

Either city employees or city contractors or both have 
been robbing Richmond and in justice both to the citizens and 
the contractors and the employees, the public should know and 
very quickly, all the facts in the case. The chances arc that 
the daily papers 'will let the thing die just as soon as they 
find out who the rascals are, and before they let people on 
to their valuable secret. 

The Idea 

Morgan Mills Committee 

Show the Letter 

Who Gets the Rebates, and Are There Others? 

It now develops that the Water Committee has been up 
to secret work and entered into agreements which have never 
been made pnblic. It appears that that committee, of which 
Morgan Mills is chairman, awarded a contract to a bidder at 
$14,550, although there was a lower bid. 

It is important to notice that the city never gets any re- 
bates, and it appears that nothing is heard of it until the re- 
bate is refused. 

It is pertinent to ask who would have gotten the rebate 
if it had been received ? 

This rebate matter may explain why these pumps were 
installed a year before there was ever power enough to run 

As this was the business of the public, the public should 
have ])een informed of any transaction made in their name. 
'No committee has any legal or moral right to take any secret 
action, especially when such action involves the public's money. 

Why was not this $1,000 rebate mentioned in the minutes ? 

When public matters are concealed, the public has a right 
to suspect something crooked. 

It is also pertinent to ask if there was any secret rebate 
offered, in the other electric contract recently awarded to the 
General Electric Co. 

If there was a rebate, how much was it, and why did not 
the people know about it ? 

There ought to be a rebate somewhere to make up for 
the difference of about $8,300 between that and the lower 
bid of the Westinghouse Co. 

All the people know is that when the rebate is refused, 

C • The Idea. 

the city don't get it. They don't know that the grafters don't 
get secret rebates; yet there are a lot of people in Richmond 
who say they know that the grafters here do get secret re- 
bates, but they will not go before a grand jury and say so^ 
because of fear of the grafters. 

Let this same council committee, with Mr. Mills as 
chairman, state to the people, their masters, whether there 
are any other secrets of the people which they refuse to let 
the people know of. The trouble is that these servants of the 
people think themselves masters of the people, and they have 
so arranged the important contracting committees that there 
are always enough of the ring on them to decide what action 
shall 'be taken, and thus bind the tongues of the good men 
on the committees. 

Let this committee produce this rebate letter and place 
it before the public. It's the public property. 

We have been delaying the- publication of two important 
and highly interesting articles concerning two of the grafters, 
in order to get a few more details which bear on the subject. 
We expect to have one or both of these articles ready for 
next week. Don't miss it. 


A story is going the rounds that in the church of a good 
pastor, there was a certain good brother deacon who always 
contributed liberally and even led in prayer when called on, 
but who could never be persuaded to do any '^personal work"^ 
in the way of talking to others concerning their future well 

In the course of events, however, the church found itself 
in the midst of revival services, and the pastor urged and 
urged his good deacon to help on the work by personally ap- 
pealing to some of the young men of the congregation. 

Finally the deacon summed up courage enough to make 
the attempt, and arising from his seat, he went over to the 
seat of a pretty wild young acquaintance, and engaged him 
in conversation with these words : "James, don't you want. 

The I dea. 7 

to go to heaven?"' James replied, ''No." The deacon said, 
"Go to hell, then," and CLuietly resumed his seat. 

Later on in the meeting James did some thinking and 
finally took the decisive step and went forward to shake the 
preachers' hand and nnite himself with the church. 

The pastor, of course, wanted to know his experience, and 
said, "James, how did you come to take this stand?" 

James' reply was: "Old Deacon So-So told me to go to 
h — 1, and it got me to studying." 

Some of the friends of the work of The Idea have ex- 
pressed the opinion that our work would be more effective if 
we cut out all the harsh terms and state the facts, but elimi- 
nate the sting. 

Our reply is that that is just what is troubling the daily 
papers of Richmond to-day. They have cut out the harsh 
terms and smoothed things down so that their papers amount 
to nothing as organs of right. If The Idea were to cut out 
the blows which it is aiming at evil, by toning it down, 
then it would not be The Idea ; and moreover, it would not 
amouni to any more than the daily papers here. It would 
just be a non-entity. Did you ever think why people read 
The Idea ? It's because The Idea calls a spade a spade, and 
The Idea is going to keep on calling spades by name, and 
moreover, there are still some spades in Richmond which are 
shovelling dirt under other names, and it remains for The 
Idea to denominate them and put them up to the public gaze. 
The Idea''s method of telling the truth forcefully by not 
concealing anything is the only method yet found for effect- 
ually fighting evil. "SAHien you are after crooks you don't gain 
anything by calling them angels. You've got to call 'em crooks 
and then let 'em know you are going to keep on exposing them 
until they take to the tall timber. The grafters in Richmond 
are so entrenched that they can not- be moved by mealy- 
mouthed words of entreaty. You've got to tell 'em" to go to 
H — 1, and then give 'em a kick in that direction. Note this, 
that the daily papers of Richmond never yet put a rascal on 
the run, but remember that The Idea has already beat two 
bosses and puts crimps in the plans of a score more that will, 
at the first opportunity, send them to the brush pile of politics. 

8 The Idea. 

The Idea is not here to emit pleasant terms for the delecta- 
tion of the grafters. We are here to put the grafters out of 
•commission and the only way to do it is to call 'em by name 
and strike blows that tell. 

You know Jesus of iSTazareth did not mince matters when 
he was after the offenders. He not only called them vipers 
and foxes and whitened sepulchres, but he went after them 
with his whip and put them to rout with physical force. Let 
no modern man try to improve on the methods of the Master. 
It matters not if they finally killed him. When the rascals try 
to kill it's the greatest compliment evil can pay to good, and 
it must be sweet to die in battle for the right. 

We often think that the reason preachers don't more often 
find the same violence Jesus found is that they attempt to do 
His will without doing it His way. 

If you would follow Jesus you'll find you'll have a fight on 
your hands just as he did. The servant is not greater than 
his master. 


During the past week it has developed that the city has 
been systematically robbed of perhaps thousands of dollars 
either by city employees or else by those furnishing gi-ain to the 
city, and yet the daily papers of Richmond seem so determin- 
ed to cover up anything scandalous about respectable people 
that they all make light of the offence. The Jourjial says 
"there may be gTaft." The Leader says "Graft of $3.50," while 
in the same article it quotes the city engineer as saying that 
they were informed that this was done "on several occasions," 
which clearly shows that the News-Leader is trying to minimize 
the crime and thus protect the real criminals, and it is worth 
while to state right here that it is this well known policy of 
suppressing news on the part of the Richmond papers that not 
only makes it so hard to fight graft when it is discovered, but 
makea the grafters see that they can engage in their gi'afting 

T h e I d e a . 9 

without fear of being caught and punished, for all know that 
no grafters are punished until the people are aroused through 
the public press to see where they are being robbed. 

These papers know as well as they know their names that 
the citizens of Richmond have been systematically robbed and 
that somebody should be sent to the pen for it, and yet they 
so becloud the facts with misleading headlines that they make 
the people believe that a negro driver has simply stolen $3.50 
from the city. 

It is also worth noting by the citizens that those whose 
duty it is to guard such things have been woefully negligent. 
It can easily be seen that no private corporation Would be so 
lax as to let such a thing occur. 

ISTo city official seems to have checked up purchases enough 
to notice whether the oats bought ever weighed too light. 

This much is dead sure, that it could be easily ascertained 
from the known approximate weight of oats whenever any steal 
as much as three or four dollars from one load of oats was 
going on. If we get no more from this investigation which 
seems to be so laxly and loosely conducted as to let the real 
criminals cover up their tracks, we should at least learn that 
our present form of government, with no one man responsible 
for grain purchases from deciding who the city buys from to 
the checkng up of the delivery of the same, is a mammoth 
failure and that graft and crookedness will continue to thrive 
and the people will never know how much they are robbed 
until Ave institute some business-like management of city af- 

Instead of running like a railroad company is run, and 
putting an individual in control of the purchase of supplies, 
what do we do? We elect fifty-six men and get them to be 
our purchasing agent. 

When will we ever get over our fool notion of doing things 
as a city that we have too much sense to do as individuals or 
private corporations ? When will we get over hiring fifty-six 
men, aldermen, councils and committees and sul>committees 
to do what we ought to hold one man responsible for doing ? 

Those cities that are running on modern common sense 
lines and doino- their business in decencv and in order, are 

10 The I dea . 

waking up to a realization that they are saving hundreds of 
thousands of dollars each year. 

And if you want to know where they save it we'll simply 
have to answer that they simply cut out the grafter. 

It is safe to say that one-fourth of the million and a half 
dollars that Eichmond spends each year is graft money, and 
yet we are such a conservative and hopeful and unsuspicious 
people, and have been kept in ignorance so long by the sup- 
pression of news on the part of the papers that we never will 
be waked up until some fine day we find from an investiga- 
tion that dear, beautiful old Richmond is politically as rotten 
and corrupt as San Francisco, or Pittsburgh, or New York 
ever dared to be. 

Fifty-six men giving (?) their time to the city and yet 
contending for influential committee appointments because 
those appointments give them money, hard and long green 
money, and are more valuable and much more to be de- 
sired than salaried positions, and the citizens patting them- 
selves on the back and saying (some of them) : "Richmond is 
a clean city." Richmond is indeed a city far above the 
average, and away at the top in intelligence and education of 
her citizens and in interest in political matters, and yet it 
would be hard to find a community so oppressed by papers 
which the citizens sometimes suspect are giving them the news 
about their government. If Richmond had a single daily 
newspaper that would turn on the light and would not sup- 
press news, Richmond citizens would in no short time rid 
itself of its band of boodlers, and grafters, and crooks, and put 
itself where it ought to be, and deserves to be, the best governed 
city in the Union. Trouble is the Times-Dispatch, with its 
allies, is indeed "Supreme" in Richmond, and the people are 
enslaved to its supremacy. 

The daily papers are acting in this graft case just as they 
did six years ago in the Bell Telephone Company case. 

In that case of crooked work every time one was found 
guilty the papers apologized for him by stating that he was 
engaged in legitimate business and did nothing improper. 

Thf Idra. 11 


On Saturday night, August 7th, Detective Wiley of the 
police department and uniformed Officer Gary, with a war- 
rant sworn out against Samuel Kaufman for operating a 
gambling resort in room 26, at No. 112 N. 9th St., in what 
is known as the old Law Building, went to the aforesaid room 
at 10 :30 o'clock and arrested Kaufman. The case was called 
Monday morning following and the occupants of the room 
at the time were summoned as witnesses. 

On Monday the case was postponed until Wednesday and 
in the meantime one called Spence, who was present as a 
witness at the Monday morning hearing, had disappeared. 

Officer Wiley testified that when he knocked a chain was 
holding the door from opening, that when it became known 
what was up a general scrambling for safety ensued; chairs 
were overturned, money and chips rattled and the officers were 
not permitted to enter until threats were made to shoot. 

About fifteen men were found in the room besides Kauf- 
man; the room contained a bed, a trunk, fifteen or twenty 
chairs and' one long table. 

Officer Wiley found in the trunk a "kitty" containing 
poker chips and with the initial "K" on the top. 

The several witnesses called, including Councilman Selph, 
testified to the fact that gambling was going on and had gone 
on there many times before, though they generally said ''a 
little poker." 

The first witness said he went there "to play poker." When 
asked "why?" he said "because I knew Mr. Kaufman was 
there." "Saw seven or eight there playing poker that night." 

This was the trend of all the testimony, that Mr. Kauf- 
man was known by them, that they went there in many cases 
"to see Mr. Kaufman." Some said Mr. Kaufman opened 
the door to them, others testified that they had to call for Mr. 
Kaufman before being admitted. One testified he had been 

12 T h e I de a . 

there several times and could not name a time when Kaufman 
was not there. 

In spite of all this, nearly every witness tried to convey 
the impression that Spence, the party who had disappeared, 
was running the place, although few of them could caV 
Spence's name, and the only evidence they could deduce ^>\:^s 
that Spence was handling the money part of the tim-. 

One witness, when asked what game was going ^-ii -uid: 
"I don't know enough about poker to know" ami ihen on 
cross-questioning it turned out that he was sellinp; poker chips 
himself that very night and stated in court what each ^..ip was 

Another witness testified: '^I know Mr. Kaufman, that's 
the reason I went there." 

l^ow anyone hearing the evidence in the case could easily 
have seen that Mr. Kaufman was guilty and that there was 
a concerted plot to put the blame on somebody else. The 
lesson for the peoj^le to draw from this case is that the police 
department has not done its duty in this case. 

The occupants of the room in question were guilty of vio- 
lating the law, and yet not a one of them was even arrested 
except Kaufman. 

If there was any doubt about Kaufman'- being guilty it 
was certainly the duty of the department to a; rest the other 
law-breakers on Monday when they ajjpeared a^ witnesses 
and when Spence was present, before plans for him to dis- 
appear as scapegoat had materialized, for the police department 
knows well how these crooks get away, and as the common- 
wealth attorney admitted in the trial, Kaufman on a former 
occasion had done the same thing and put the blame on an- 
other party. Those who ought to know tell us that there was 
no desire on the part of the police department to make any one 
suffer the penalty of the law, that the object was to break up 
the game because it interf erred with other bigger games go- 
ing oil in the neighborhood which they knew all about. 

If the police had desired to break up the gamblers they 
would have arrested the whole bunch, including the council- 

While the trial was going on a young man. who was one of 

The Idea. 13 

the witnesses cauglit in the gambling joint, came to The Idea 
man and with tears in his eyes begged that his name not ap- 
pear in The Idea as it wonld kill his mother and seeing no 
good to be accomplished by publshing the^e names we prom- 
ised not to use his name. Afterwards as we thought the matter 
over we regretted our promise and if it had not been made 
we would publish all the names, for we later asked the young 
man in question if he would have ever come to this if the 
papers had published his name when he was fii'st caught in a 
gambling joint, and he said "certainly not." This shows that 
the papers of Richmond have been making criminals by pro- 
tecting them from the public when they were caught. We have 
determined that in the future we will publish names of those 
caught in gambling joints and we believe that this announce- 
ment Vv^ill keep many away. 

When The Idea exposed the gambling at the Tuxedo on 
Broad Street, that particular kind of gambling was immedi- 
ately stopped there. 

Did you ever wonder whj^ the recognized crooks on the 
council are all on valuable committees, while the clean men in 
in thi; council have to, very largely, content themselves with 
minor and uninfluential committee appointments. 

We wonder how many times the city has purchased that 
single pile of cobble stones which belonged to the city. 

We wonder too if the real rascals will be able to buy off 
as they have done formerly and put the blame on the scape 

Stealing from Richmond is perfectly legitimate and 
proper ! Does the taxpayer think so ? 


The sooner the people realize the fact that the settling 
basin is a mammoth monument to the utter failure of council- 
manic government, the better off thev will be. Give us a bus- 

14 The Idea. 

iness management which government bj commission alone can 

Now they tell us we'll have to pay about $6,000 on that 
settling basin before it can be used. The probability is we'll 
sink another cool million before Richmond gets anything like 
pure clear water. 

The whole plant is a bungle from start to finish and yet 
we promote the man in charge after each failure. 


Montreal Loses Millions Through 
Operations of Gang 

Press dispatches from Montreal under date of August 21st 
tell of organized graft in that city and show that the disclos- 
ures were made ''at the instance of a citizen's committee 
which raised the necessary funds and employed counsel to 
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Montreal, August 21.— Testimony showing that the city 
of Montreal has lost millions of dollars in contract work and 
that official positions of all kinds have been bought and sold 
for years has been brought out by inquiry into civic affairs 
begun by the provincial government several weeks ago. 

The investigation covered the administration of the police, 
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In the public works department sworn testimony showed 
that t!ie lowest bidders were ignored and that the contracts 
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A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill SEPTEMBER 4, 1909 No. 14 

5 Cents a Copy 12.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yodbb, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mail matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Rlchnicud, Va. 

Ask Their Resignations 

Engineer Boiling and 

Justice Crutchfield 

Some Lessons From the Grain Graft Farces. 

As The Idea foretold last week, before the disclosures, 
brought out by the trial of the negTO driver, it has been dis- 
covered that, although the papers at first tried to make it 
appear that the negro alone was the blame, still there are 
others higher wp who are much more guilty than the poor 
negro who was so quickly handled as a scape-goat to cover 
up an investigatiou into the heart of the matter. 

The facts ai5e these: 

Driver Jas. Robinson carried a load of oats and rocks to 
the city weighmaster, and after having the load weighed, 
duhiped off 190 pounds of stone and delivered the rest of his 
load to the citv stables. It is not denied that in this wav 

2 The I dea. 

the city. was paying for 190 pounds of oats whicli the city 
never got. 

The City Engineer, after making the discovery, had a 
talk with Mr. Alvey, the contractor who furnished the oats 
to the city, and then Mr. Alvey, after a talk with the chief 
of police, and on being advised so to do by city officials, swore 
out a warrant for the arrest of the driver. 

At this point the City Engineer made his first blunder. 
He knew the city was paying for oats it did' not get. 

He knew that Mr. Alvey was getting money for oats 
which Mr. Alvey did not deliver. He knew that Alvey's 
driver was not stealing or attempting to steal any oats from 
the city. He did not know and never has yet discovered any 
evidence to show that the negro driver had ever stolen any 
oats from either the city or Mr. Alvey. 

He only knew that Alvey's driver, who was, at the time, 
the agent for Mr. Alvey, had loaded 190 pounds of stones 
with fi load of oats, which made the city chargeable with 190 
pounds of oats, valued at some $3.50, which $3.50 would go 
to no other than Mr. Alvey. 

It then became his duty, however disagreeable, to arrest 
Mr. Alvey, and if it should later appear that it was only an 
unconscious defrauding on the part of Alvey, because of 
Alvey's driver stealing from Alvey, then it would be up to 
Alvey to arrest Alvey's driver... 

Yet, although Engineer Boiling knew that his department 
of the city was being defrauded by Mr. Alvey's concern, or the 
agent of his concern, the same city engineer does not arrest 
any one, but contents himself with advising Alvey to arrest 
his daikey. 

The City Engineers' department was robbed; the City 
Engineer should have prosecuted for it. 

Mr. Alvey was getting the money for the oats. Mr. Alvey 
was responsible for the delivery of the oats to the city. The 
oats paid for were not delivered to the city. The contra-citor 
Alvey alone was responsible to the city for this failure. 

The question as to whether it was Alvey's fault or Alvey's 
drivers fault, was another matter. 

The I dea. 3 

The city was not getting delivered the goods from Mr. 

If there had been evidence that the driver stole oats which 
liad become the property of the city, then Mr. Boiling might 
have concerned himself abont arresting the negro. 

If it had developed that the negi'o stole goods from Mr. 
Alvey and thus was the means of preventing Alvey from ful- 
filling his contract, then the City Engineer might have con- 
cerned himself with arresting the negro, but no evidence has 
yet been introduced to show this was the case, and the city 
has never yet had any official dealing with the driver. It 
has had official dealings with Mr. Alvey and has been techni- 
cally defrauded by Alvey's concern (although the moral blame 
had not been placed on Mr. Alvey), and Mr. Alvey was the 
only one which the city could recognize in the premises as re- 
sponsible and hold accountable for the theft. If Mr. Alvey 
could show that, though he was receiving money for oats he 
did not deliver, he was still not guilty of consciously de- 
frauding the city, he could thus have cleared his skirts, but 
remember that, though unfortunate and to be regretted on 
Mr. Alvey's account, still the City Engineer should not have 
concerned himself with that. 

Alvey alone was accountable to the city for the oat deliv- 
ery, and his driver was accountable to him, and to him alone 
for his (the drivers) acts. 

Since the city was robbed, the City Engineer should have 
prosecuted the offender, instead of contenting himself with 
advising the benefitted party to arrest one who may have of- 
fended this benefitted party. 

Later, when the negro was arrested, and no evidence ap- 
peared to show that the negro stole anything whatever (though 
he may have stolen from Alvey, certainly he did not steal 
from the city), but when evidence is introduced to show that 
Alvey not only was the beneficiary of the steal, and that he 
Jiad been for perhaps three years, still the engineer does not 
proceed against Alvey, but the city brings a warrant, utterly 
unwarranted, against the negro for attempting to steal from 
the city, and although at the trial in police court, no evi- 
dence was introduced to show he ever attempted to steal from 

4 The I dea. 

the city, still the poor darkey is rushed off to jail for 90' 
days, and, to cap the climax, after both police department and 
engineering department had refused to arrest the apparent 
offender, on the worst kind of circumstantial evidence against 
him, the police justice Crutchfield, although earnestly en- 
treated to do so by the commonwealth's attorney, refused to 
issue a warrant against the only man whom any evidence had 
been introduced, tending to show had ever proffited at the 
expense of the city. JSTow these facts are self evident. 

The street committee and the engineer and the police de- 
partment knew for a whole week that the driver had not stoloi. 
from the city, and yet not a single one of these officials cared 
enough for the city's interest to attempt to arrci^t the offender- 
and preferred to either let it cover itself up or else throw all 
the blame for inaction, on Justice John Cr.u'hfield. 

Crutchfield should be asked to forfeit Ins office for refus-- 
ing to further the ends of justice, his sworn duty, when called 
upon to act, by the commonwealth's attorney. 

Justice John let the cat out of the bag when he stated tO' 
the attorney: "It was the duty of the officers to swear out 
a warrant in the first jjlace, against Mr. A^vey, when they 
found out these things a week ago. Why did not they swear- 
out the warrant ?" 

This shows that it was the duty of both Boiling and the' 
police to warrant Alvey a week before, and yet it also became- 
Crutchfield's duty to do the same on recci^'ing the same in- 
formation "given under oath," and he admitted it by his 
statement. It seems that the whole shooting-match was in- 
some unaccountable way, so mixed up in the affair that not 
one of them was willing to do his duty to his city ; each one 
of them sworn officers of the city. 

The plan was evidently to satisfy the people by making 
the negro suffer for the crime, but tlie people would not be 
satisfied, The Idea had so turned on the light that they 
saw (he game and put up such a warning note of disapproval 
that even the Tim-es-Dispatcli felt called upon to make some 
mild remarks about the guilt hiiihcr ii]), and indignation 
against Justice John and Engineer Boiling, for their defeat-^ 
ing the ends of justice is so apparent that it may be neces- 
sary, a? it slKtiihl be demanded, that both of them resign. 

The I dea. " 5 

As the Times-Dispatch says, ^'Tho police department lias 
repeatedly complained of the method's of Justice Crutchfield's 
court, and the turning of a court of justice into a place of 
buffonery" "the board stating that the men were fre- 
quently insulted and ridiculed to the demoralization of the 
force. '^ 

We fail to see how the justice could convict the negro of 
"attempting to steal," when there was no evidence to show 
such a state of affairs, unless the darkies statement that ho 
receivt:d fifty cents sometimes for his part, was taken as evi- 
dence of his stealing, and if that were true, by the same evi- 
dence, another party was guilty, and there was a conspiracy, 
why put all the blame on one part of the conspiracy, and then, 
by convicting the driver, deprive the city of his testimony a? 
evidence "because he had confessed." 

Justice John's position is utterly untenable, and he knows 
it, but evidently thought that this matter might pass by as 
similar matters had passed by in the past. Big rascals in 
the past have escaped and some one fellow has taken the 

Will the citizens of Richmond permit the authorities to let 
justice miscarry and the innocent suffer for the guilty? 

The Idea would inquire further, why Mr. Boiling wasted 
so much valuable time in trying to get Alvey arrest the driver, 
while, according to the driver, that same Mr. Alvey was aiding 
him in "jumping the town," by giving him two or three dol- 
lars with which to escape, when his clear duty was to act 

When some one steals from the city, is it necessary to 
-call up some outsider and get him to pay for a warrant be- 
fore anyone is arrested? The City Engineer, by his acts, says 

The Idea does not believe there would have been any 
further attempt to find the guilty party if The Idea had not 
been on the field and had not, through its editor, shown the 
course it would likely pursue by personally inquiring of the 
pVJice department concerning the arrest of Alvey. 

There is evidently a concerted attempt to keep this matter 
quiet, and this attempt is so apparent that cert ain citizens are 
thinking — and have a right to think, that there may be a 

6 The I dea. 

great big reason for it, because there is somebody else to be 

It looks exceedingly strange that this kind of systematic 
stealing could be going on for so long without any one finding 
out about it. It also looks exceedingly strange that stealing 
had gotten so bold that the two men from the engineer's office 
who went to watch on this occasion, both stated that they saw 
the cobble stones in the wagon before the wagon got to the 
scales. Why could not the weigh-master see these cobble 
stones ? 

If it was not his duty to see what he was weighing, why 
should any weight be taken at all ? 

Big gTanite stones seen from a distance, by two men, and 
yet the city man who checked the weights of the city pur- 
chases, does not seem to have ever glanced in the direction of 
the wagon ! 

There is one thing dead sure, and that is, that Engineer 
Boiling has, by his acts, shown his unfitness for the posi- 
tion of city engineer, which he seejns to have gotten as a 
reward for being so unfit as superintendent of water, as to 
permit the city to be flim-flammed in the flume matter. 

The council has given the citizens Crutchfield and Boiling. 
Now let the council remedy their blunder and give the citizens 
capable men. 


A Letter to a Judge Brings Reply From a Whiskey 
Salesman in the Office of a Political Boss. 

In the fall of 1907, the people of Richmond became so 
thoroughly disgusted with the way the saloon question was 
handled by the courts here, that they arose in their power 
and demanded certain improvements. As a result, an ordi- 
nance was gotten through the Council to regulate the closing 
and opening hours of the saloons, and "to prescribe the num- 

The I dea. 7 

ber and location of the places where the sale of ardent s])irits 
may be licensed." 

Ab a result, the number of bars in the city was reduced to 
150, and a rule was made to refuse license to saloons which 
were located on corners where car transfers were made. In 
this way the two bars on Broad and Seventh were removed, 
but a license was granted to the bar of Puccinelli Bros., on 
the northeast corner of Main and Eighteenth, on condition that 
they move off the corner. Now, be it known, that even if 
the people had never demanded it, the State law would pre- 
clude the issuing of a license on such a corner, because it 
specifically states that licenses shall be granted only in places 
"suitable and appropriate" for such purposes. 

'Now, many men and women of the city testified to the 
horrible conditions which these dives made on the corners 
where their children and themselves had to wait for cars. The 
matter, however, was apparently settled by Judge Witt's 
granting this license on the condition that the bar move from 
the corner. 

The license was granted as usual, at the regular time, in 
the spring of 1908, last year, and the bar continued to do 
business. It soon appeared, however, that the licensee had 
no intention of moving, and so certain citizens desired to 
know why the court's rule had not been obeyed; and, so a 
very prominent man who had an office in one of the sky-scrapers 
on Main street, wrote a letter to Judge Witt, calling his at- 
tention to the fact that his condition had been violated, and 
asking for some explanation. 

Then transpired . the happenings which should interest 
every citizen of Richmond. ISTo reply was received from the 
judge, but on the other hand, Mr. Wirt Taylor, whiskey sales- 
man with headquarters in the office of one Clyde Saunders, 
recognized political, boss of the city, made it convenient to 
have a talk with the gentleman aforesaid, in reference to his 
inquiry concerning the granting of the whiskey license, and 
proceeded to protest against that gentleman's bringing up the 
matter, on the ground as he stated, that Puccinelli Bros, kept 
a clean and decent place, and allowed "no boot-blacks" tc 
loaf in the place, and the same whiskey drummer then begged 
the gentleman in question to go down and call on the bar 

'8 The Idea. 

people and see what a nice place they ran, and assured liim 
that thej would treat him fine, and he could see for himself 
how decent a bar they kept. 

ISTow, let us state that it makes no difference how decent 
and nice a place the bar in question was. 

The condition of the granting was not that they should 
keep a nice place; if it were, then all bars would be put out 
of commission, or else license would be given to all applicants 
depending on the personal desire of a judge. The condition, 
however, was that they should move. They did not move, and 
the judge did not care whether they moved or not, and an- 
other license was granted to the same bar, which, though in 
the most disreputable section of the city, still makes a plea 
for decency, by posting a sign on the outside wall, "ISTo boot- 
blacks allowed." 

A councilman was recently heard to remark concerning 
this bar, that it was "a dirty low dive." 

!Now we would inquire what connection Wirt Taylor, 
whiskey salesman, has with the Hustings Court of Richmond, 
that matters of special privileges to low dives should be re- 
ferred to him? 

We hesitate to follow this matter to its logical conclusion, 
because we do not like to believe that the whole fabric of city 
government in Richmond is corrupt. 

Information has repeatedly come to The Idea that gross 
wrongs were being done by the higher city courts, and we have 
held back from the public gaze, these facts, because we were 
unwilling to believe all that they showed. 

We will not, therefore, make at this time, the criticisms 
which this transaction abundantly justifies, but will ask the 
citizens to stop and think on the relations which exist between 
our courts and the law-breaking element of the community. 

Why should a letter to a judge bring an answer from a 
whiskey salesman in the office of a political boss ? 

When The Idea started, three months ago, certain citizens 
tried to make it appear that there was no graft here. 

Since then, the public conscience has awakened, and now 
in one week the daily papers are forced to print scandals in 

The Idea. 9 

six grafting cases: Grain, Markei-house, Grading, Kcbates, 
Paving rock and Police Court. Oh, yes they'll come and tell, 
but onlv after The Idea has made 'em do it in self defence. 

Letters To The Editor 

The editor's table is crowdt?d with letters, unanswered, for 
lack of opportunity, from those who could give us informa- 
tion concerning the many kinds of graft, with which Rich- 
mond is harrassed. We desire to thank our friends for their 
many kindnesses in helping in the work. Do not think we 
lack vippreciation because we do not reply. We hope soon to 
get time to answer all our correspondence. 

The work is more than was anticipated, and our force is 
not equal to the occasion. 

Meantime, Thank rou. 


Let the good citizens of Tlichmoiid organize a citizen's 
-committee to investigate the graft conditions here, and they 
will find a system of well equipped, well organized graft that 
would do credit ? to a city ten times as large. 

The Idea can turn on the light, but the citizens them- 
selves must act in order to cleanse the city of the vile corrupt 
tion which it is harboring. 

The time is ripe for action. Evil is organized. Are you? 


What does it cost the City of Richmond to produce a foot 
of gas ? 

10 The Idea. 

Wliat does it cost the City of Richmond to pump a gallon 
of water ? 

What will it cost Richmond to produce a unit of eleo- 
tricity ? 

Although we have owned our own gas plant for years, no 
one has any idea whether it's a good thing or not. We may 
be going in debt on it. Who knows? 

Aiid that electric plant. We are going it blindfold. No 
provision has ever been made for polls or wiring, and the 
city is just now trying to beautify itself by cutting out polls ; 
whereas, if we get this plant working, we'll have to add more 
polls at an enormous expense. 

And water. We've sunk millions on that and never will 
have any clear water until we spend millions more. The 
blunders increase. The committee is just finding that they 
will have to have connections cut between the several basins 
to let out muddy water; and now they call for $20,000 more 
to repair the basin floor, which has been buckling, and 
when that is done, we'll find we've got- to put in a filtration 
system, and drink alum water for our health. 

Then, when Richmond is bankrupt, we'll have to replace 
the whole rotten cement basins, because we've committed the 
matter to one incompetent to work it, and then promoted him 
for his failure. 

What do you think of a judge who will express an opinion 
from the bench, before the case comes into court? 

A certain little cheap 25-cent a year weekly whiskey 
sheet, whose editor-in-chief admitted that his paper so pleased 
the whiskey dealers that they offered to buy their editorial 
columns for the boosting of the whiskey cause, has, in its 
eager search for the limelight, and the consequent gain, re- 
cently made a vicious and lying attact on the editor of The 
Idea. The editorial in question is not worthy of any ex- 
tended comment. But since some who do not know the facts 
may have seen the article, we will simply expose one lie and 
state that the article is made up of like ones. The editorial 
writer, whoever he is, and he is evidently ashamed of his 

The Idea. 11 

name;, for he hides behind the statement that the top-heavy 

little affair has thirty editors, makes the following statement: 

^'Mr. Yoder formerly published his paper in Lynchburg 

(until his printer there refused longer to handle such matter)" 

Wc answer by showing an extract from a letter from our 
printers in Lynchburg, mailed to ns after we came to Rich- 
mond, asking to let them continue doing our printing: 

That letter says: 
"We regret that you do not see your way clear to lot ns 
continue issuing your publication. 

"Let us figure with you an;)"way, and we believe that we 
can get together on a mutually satisfactory basis." 

jSTow let all those who believe anything this little paper 
says, stand on their heads. Thank you for youi attention. 
ISText! ' 

"They that take the sword shall die by the sword." 

We wonder if man will ever realize that the quickest way 
to kill himself is to go gunning for his enemies. 

The man who fights the most dies the quickest. The 
nation that fights the most die the quickest. 

Tiie fightingest empire of the earth died young, because 
of its violent propensities. The people that has maintained' 
its individual characteristics and lived longest as a peculiar 
and strong people, has resorted to war less than any other 

The Jew, as an individual, has controlled himself under 
oppression better than any other individual, and his is today, 
the strongest race in the world. It was this Jewish race that 
gave us Jesus of Nazareth, who preached the gospel of non- 
resistance and self control. It was the wise Jew Soloman, 
who said, "He that ruleth his spirit is better than he that 
taketh a city." And "It is the glory of a man to pass over 
a transgression." 

Wlien a man is so little a man as to lose his self-control 
and fight, even though he beat or kill his opponent, he has 
sinned first against himself; and in the second place, he has 
not accomplished anything for himself. He has hurt himself 
— he has lost himself — he's no lonorer his own boss. He's 

12 The Idea. 

sold out, and stranger still, lie has actually helped the cause 
he was trying to hurt. 

History of States and of individuals shows that persecu- 
tion and violence hurts the persecutor and helps the perse- 
cuted. If a man beats another, it shows perhaps, that he's 
physically stronger or perhaps he's a coward to take an un- 
manly advantage, or, perhaps, both. It certainly don't remedy 
any wrong which may have been done. 

The only fights which accomplish good and really help 
humanity, are those fought with the weapons of truth. "Ye 
shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free." 

If Richmond's malefactors desire to have their evil doing 
rapidly broken up, we know of no more effective method than 
to attempt violence. 

If they are wise, they will keep quiet and cease resistance. 

We do not expect them to do this, because they are not 

If they were wise they would not be engaged in their 
crooked work. 

They are otherwise, and they will resist and they will be 
destroyed through their resistance. 


AVo are not fighting you Mr. Richardson. 

We are simply trying to get you to do what you said you 
would do. You promised some work for us. We hired you 
and are paying you for it. 

Wg laid down the specifications in printed statutes, and 
you took an oath binding you to those specifications. Now 
you tell us you don't think we know what we want, and you 
will use your own judgment in the matter, although we did 
not, when we hired you, do it with the provision that you were 
to act as you thought best. If we had we would not have 
asked you to swear you would follow our orders so carefully 

The I dea. 13 

You have broken the contract, and we now require that 
you begin to read our orders as set down in statute and 
constitution, and act accordingly. Otherwise, get out of the 
way, and we'll hire another whom we can rely on to do our 
bidding; who does not know more than we do as to what we 
want done. We, the people, are the sovereign people; you 
the mayor, are our public servant. 

Get over that fool notion that in Kichmond, "the servant 
is greater than his master." 

Do you wonder where your two million and a half of 
taxes goes when you find the city is paying sixty-one cents for 
oats while others are paying forty-nine cents, and then, in- 
stead of getting oats you find the city gets paving rock, Ria,d 
then the rock is not even delivered, but sold to the city again. 

The secret way the city has of looking into these matters 
will insure that the real culprit gets away. Postponement is 
not the way to get "speedy trials," which the constitution at- 
tempts to provide for. 

We know of no public man who has been more villified 
and has had harsher things said of him that Theodore Roose- 
velt regarded by many as the greatest President America has 

The reason he has been so "cussed out" is found in the 
fault that he was a terror to the evil doers. 

When a man is slandered and villified by the law-breakers, 
it's a sure sign he is doing something in the interests of his 

"We love him for the enemies he's made." 

A man's greatness is measured by -his unpopularity with 
evil doers. ,■ 

It would make us pause if the good people of the commuii-'^, 
ity wei'e against us, even if we thought we were right. \ 

It encourages us on to greater effort to know that' the ras- j 
cals are fighting us, for this is a proof that our efforts are 
accomplishing good. 

When The Idea finds one after one, the forces of evil 
fighting and doing their best to ruin this piiblication, it lends 
new vigor to the fight and renews The Idea's confidence in 
the ri2;hteousness of its cause and encourages the belief that 

14 The Idea. " '■ 

the work is really seriously wounding the cause of wrong 

It would indeed be time to stop publication, if The Idea's 
efforts w( re so futile as not even to arouse the rascals to fight 

It's the hit dog that barks. 
\ The Idea''s flings must have hit some very vicious dogs 
from the unearthly racket they are making. 

Catawba, Eoanoke, Co., Va., Aug. 27, 1909, 
Mr. A. A. Yoder: 

Your Idea is a good one and has found its way in the 
great Catawba valley. It is setting a good example for the 
church on reform. 

It is such a warm sheet and as I am subject to cold feet, 
I will use it in place of a hot water bag. I inclose stamps for 
subscription to begin with Saturday's edition, August 28th. 

R L. ;N'ash. 

Why is it that some papers are always fussiug about the 
church in politics when the real cause for 95 per cent, of our 
political troubles lies in the fact that the saloon is in poli- 
tics and has its voice in every election and every piece of leg- 
islation. The Idea believes in the churches getting into poli- 
tics and getting there quick, though we are always opposed 
to any union of church and State as such. 




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A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill SEPTEMBER 11, 1909 No. 15 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mail matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond. Va. 


Concerning The Idea's Methods 

Crooked Government and 

Good Citizenship 

The attention of The Idea has been frequently called to 
rumors and reports of blunders and errors and crookedness 
and graft concerning which it would gladly publish all the 
facts. Most of these complaints have been filed for reference 
when time is afforded to look into the merits of each case, 
for our time is crowded and The Idea does not publish any 
statement based on rumor. In each case the editor gives his- 
personal attention to the details of examining into all cases 
which The Idea deems worthy of publication. 

Foi this reason, whatever The Idea publishes can be relied 
on as accurate. The Idea pays no reporters to work up sen- 
sational stuff' and rush it into print. If our object were sen- 

2 T h e I d e a . 

sationalism our coluiniis could be filled each week with highly 
interesting matter pretending to expose wrong doing which 
would get the car of the public but would not be of service 
in eradicating evil because it would not of necessity, be accur- 
ate enough to be relied upon and The Idea would not accom- 
plish much more than the daily papers, whose unreliability is 

The Idea likewise could go ahead before thoroughly sift- 
ing its information and before thoroughly posting itself with 
all the facts and strike some telling blows, but the plan of The 
Idea is to try to get all the facts in a given case and then 
strike a sledge hammer blow that will carry weight and ac- 
complish the desired end — the cleansing of the city of the 
evils of government and the building up of a better govern- 

You know the daily papers have a way of publishing sensa- 
tional stuff, based on rumor, casting reflections on public men. 
Generally these rumors are based on facts but the articles are 
so, written that the wrong impression is made and yet no one 
is liable for the damage done by the unprincipled paper for 
the reason that the damage is done by the dirty and contemp- 
tible use of innuendo and suggestion and names are nsed with 
snch care that though the damage is done the publisher does 
not lay himself liable to damages. 

The Idea does not adopt such cowardly tactics. When 
The Idea goes after wrong doers it is willing to take the re- 
sponsibility of its charges by straightforwardness of statement 
and by calling the name of the party responsible. 

You know things do not do wrong. When a moral wrong 
has been done some individual person is responsible. When 
The Idea wants to expose a wrong done, its first concern is — • 
what person did the wrong. 

Our friends frequently suggest to us that we be less per- 
sonal and we have to reply that The Idea is after the persons 
who do the wrong and that this method of fixing the respon- 
sibility on the person is the only method which can eradicate 
the wrong. 

Three big papers have existed for years in Kichmond and 
contented themselves with now and then impersonally stating 

T he I dea. JJ 

that wroiig-s existed and as a result g'uilty [xm-sohs have i>i'<nvii 
fat through the corrupting of the city and evils have increased 
beyond measure until it has now become exceedingly danger- 
ous to even .mention the big crooks' names. 

The daily papers here had a glorious oi)portunity six 
years ago to turn on the light and purify Richmond of its 
band of grafters and boodlers when the most notorious of them 
confessed their crimes only to be apologized for by these same 

And what is the result ? The dirty work has increased 
until to-day Richmond is one of the worst managed cities for 
its size on the map. 

We wonder what the founders of the city would say if they 
could see how Richmond has fallen as a city from its high 

What would ancient Virginians say of the way intellectual 
well-educated, well-churched, wealthy Richmond has neglected 
the managing of its governmental affairs. 

Though the jjapers are to blame still when the light has 
been turned on the duty of righting wrongs is that of the citi- 
zens and the citizens will have to organize for service if they 
ever get rid of the rascals that rule the city. The weapon to 
be used to fight rascals is the ballot and it behooves the good 
people of Richmond to see to their franchises, pay their capi- 
tation taxes in time to vote and put in office clean men. Rich- 
mond can easily right almost all her wrongs at one election 
if her so-called better classes would look after the interests 
of the city one half as well as the crooks look after corrupt- 
ing the city. 

Have you noticed tliat Mayor Richardson is attending po- 
lice court recently ? He was not seen there formerly. We have 
noticed him there several times recently. And did you ever 
hear of the assistant city attorney being in the police court 
to assist the prosecution on a charge of stealing $3.50 as was 
the case recently. They are getting wise. They are taking no- 
tice and if The Idea were snuffed out to-day the Editor would 
feel that it had accomplished a worthy work. 

The Idea. 

Crutchfield or Pollock 

Where's the Trouble? 

On September the 1st the Times-Dispatch had an article- 
entitled in large prominent capitals, "Criitchfield Blocks with 
Pollock's Help," and every one knows that if both parties had: 
not been guilty the conservative, fearful Times-Dispatch would 
never have bucked up against them and made the statement, 
for both are such prominent politicians. 

Thr3 article showed that a certain negro, Harris by name,, 
had "squatted" on a stall in the city market and refused to 
pay for the same and when he was summoned into court he 
did not appear but Mr, Gr. K. Pollock appeared for him and 
..a rule was issued for the negro on July 9th. Another rule was 
©rd'ered on August 27th, and the negro, it now appears, was 
not served with either rule, but continued to occupy the stall 
in utter defiance of the market clerk, apparently for no other- 
reason than that he stood in with somebody. JSTow it is very 
significant that Mr. Gilbert Pollock was Harris' counsel and 
it is also very significant that Pollock did appear and the negro ■ 
did. no^;. ISTow is there anyone who thinks that a negro would 
refuse to answer a summons to the police court if he did not 
know that his counsel could protect him in ignoring that sum- 
mons ''' ISTow Gilbert Pollock knew his business and as a result 
no rule ever was issued to get Harris into court. And you 
want to know wdio is to blame ? Well, it is easy to see that 
Crutchfield did not care to have the negro arrested when Pol- 
lock appeared for him for he did not even fix the blame for the 
failure to issue the rule and did not see to it that his rule was 

We would enquire whether it is customary for Justice 
John to issue a rule and then let the matter drop. This charge 
is often made and we believe it to be true that when the in- 
fluence is strong enough the offender can get free by employing 

The I dea. 5 

the right lawyer and going through the mere form of bailing 
or bonding or rnling and then the whole matter is hushed up. 
Two instances of such procedure have come to light in the last 
few days. Griffin's bond was not required. Harris' rule was 
never issued. Some sweet day the citizens will see how 
crooked this whole department of justice is. 

Did you ever wonder why the crooks always employ Pol- 
lock? When a gambler or a dive keeper or a barkeeper or a 
pickpocket gets into trouble it's always clear sailing because 
Pollock defends about ninety-five per cent, of them. 

Pollock, the councilman and maker of city laws, makes 
his living by protecting the law breakers against these city 

If the writer of these lines were a crook he'd get Pollock to 
■defend him too when he got into trouble for somehow or other 
his client's don't have to suffer like other men's clients and the 
reason is found in the fact brought out in an early number of 
The Idea that Pollock's influence is great in police court and 
with the police force. 

Will you vote for Pollock at the next election ? 

We wonder why Justice John fined a plumber $100 for 
stealii'.g gas from the city but gave a driver ninety days on a 
little charge, unproven at that, of simply attempting to steal 
from the city. Did he make the difference because the plumber 
was white and the driver was colored or did he make the dif- 
ference to cover a bigger crime ? 


Extravagance in Hauling and Paving 

In the past weeks the attention of The Idea has frequently 
been called to blunders of the engineering department in the 
nature of bad grading, extravagance in the management of 

6 The Idea. 

paving work and general laxity in running the various works 
carried on by the city, both in planning and executing and 
also in neglecting the necessary overseeing of the city's affairs, 

Opportunity has not yet been afforded to carelully verify 
these various reports and though they have come to us on good 
authority. The Idea has waited for more carefully completed 
details before publishing. 

Recently in the pursuit of other work however The Idea 
has run upon two blunders worthy of mention in its columns. 

Just about two weeks ago the engineoi-iiig dep;",rtinent ])laced 
granire paving blocks in the alley extending from 13th to 14th 
Streets between Main and Franklin. 

This is a rather wide and long alley and the work was 
done at considerable expense. 

Within less than a week after the work was completed an- 
other force of workmen was seen in the alley tearing up the 
newly placed paving and putting in gas piping. Now this 
was not only a big blunder because it made it necessary for 
the city to pay for paving twice within a few days on the same 
spot, but because the patch work resulting practically ruins 
that section of the paving, and after paying for the work twice 
the city has a bum job on its hands that will hasten the neces- 
sity of renewing the whole work. 

The ^possibility is that next week the water department will 
want to lay pipes in this alley and tear it all up again. And 
the week following some other department will want to do the 
same thing again. 

As a prominent business man of that neighborhood re- 
marked, why can't the city engineer who has general supervi- 
sion of the sj;reets, see that the various departments work to- 
gether and have the work of all the departments so co-ordin- 
ated that the same work will not have to be done over by two 
or three different departments of the same government, and as 
a result leave the whole job a botch. 

The city of Richmond wastes thousands and thousands of 
dollars each year by just this method of duplicating its work. 
The Idea would not deem this worthy of writing up if it were 
not foi the fact that this is no isolated case but is a fair sample 
of what is going on all the time all over Richmond and shows 
extravagant management and lack of head work and the tax- 

The Idea. 7 

payers of Richmond as a result loose tens of thonsands of dol 
lars in this way alone. 

Everyone who has carefully looked intd hnsiness failures 
know^s that it is the continuous drain of minor extravagances 
that wrecks business much more than larijje lump losses. If 
Richmond could cut out all of these little blunders it would 
perhaps not miss the loss of a few hundred thousand dollars 
on a rotten settling; basin and iiume now and then. 

Another case of extravagance and lack of head work and 
business was recently called to The Idea's attention by a young 
lady stenographer. She noticed that for many days, p8rha])s 
three weeks, carts were hauling dirt and dumping it on the pav- 
ing on Franklin Street between Eighth and Ninth Streets, 
while city hands were at the same time busily engaged in 
shovelling the same dirt up again and placing it in city carts 
and hauling it away. The young lady suggested that the 
city was doing this to dry the dirt out before using it, but as 
this was evidently not the case The Idea looked into the mat- 
ter and found that a contractor was excavating at the corner 
of Seventh and Franklin and placing the dirt in the city 
streets and the city was picking it up and carrying it away. 
ISTow the point to be made is this, that there was a large 
amount of money unnecessarily w^asted in paying for the labor 
of dumping this dirt and reshovelling it back into the carts. 
It would have been such an easy matter for the engineering 
department to have made some arrangement with the contractor 
who was using the city street as a dumping ground, to save 
this unnecessary expense of perhaps hundreds of dollars for 
doing absolutely unnecessary work. 

The blunder was such a foolish and absurd one that the 
attention of a young woman, at the courting age at that, w^as 
forcibly called to it. And young women are not supposed to 
be good business men nor are they supposed to knoW' anything 
about city government. 

The city engineer, Mr. Boiling, had charge of this work. 

TAXPAYERS $81,000. 
Several years ago Mr. T. M. Landers, then a contracting 
plumber, sued Mr. Boiling, the present city engineer, then 

'8 The Idea. 

superintendent of the water department, for about $20,000 
damages because Mr. Boiling had practically confiscated hi? 
business by refusing to gTant him a plumber's license. It 
appears that Mr. Boiling charged that Mr. Landers was using 
iron pipe in part of the plumbing of a house in the suburbs 
contrary to the rule of the department in charge. It is also 
stated that Mr. Boiling had permitted iron piping in the city 
hall and other large buildings but when Mr. Landers used 
it he took away his license and it is even stated, on what we 
consider excellent authority, that Mr. Boiling even refused to 
let Mr. Landers work as a journeyman plumber for another 

The matter came up so long ago that it is hard to verify 
details, but we are sure of the main facts in the case. 

It is certain that Mr. Landers entered suit and was awarded 
a verdict. The damages assessed according to the best informa- 
tion now obtainable by us; was $9,000, according to others 
it was $20,000. At any rate Mr. Landers was vindicated and 
Mr. Boiling was to pay $9,000, more or less. 

But what does the city council do? The city council has 
a meeting and votes away the $9,000 (more or less) of the 
people's money to pay for Mr. Boiling's blunder. 

The city council should have gotten rid of Mr. Boiling at 
this time for incompetency but instead it soaked the taxpayer. 
Time draws on and Mr. Boiling is still superintendent of 
water and he draws the plans for a big settling basin and flume. 
Contracts are awarded and the work goes ahead under the 
■direct supervision of Mr. Boiling. The flume is to cost some 
$56,000 and after paying out $50,000, the water committee 
appears before the council and recommends the paying of the 
balance, $6,000, to the contractors, and Mr. Mills, chairman 
of this water committee (get the idea!) makes a plea for the 
final payment before the job is tested. 

At this point the council wakes up and refuses to pay 
the balance and on testing the flume the whole affair collapses 
and it is found that the city has been faked under the eye of 
Mr. Boiling out of a $56,000 flume and in the investigation 
it appears that Mr. Boiling is utterly incompetent and four 

The Idea. 9 

'Out of five of tlje investigating- committee recommend liis dis- 

The council, however, again becoming very liberal with 
the taxpayers' affairs, refuses to dismiss Mr. Boiling and if you 
look to see why you'll find that the same ring crowd that al- 
ways runs together, led by Mills and Pollock, voted to retain 
him and these fellows cracked the ring whip and the underlings 
■obeyed and then what do we find. We find the same Mr. 
Boiling promoted to be city engineer and the council again 
votes to spend some $56,000 more for another flume, al- 
though the contracting firm of I. J. Smith & Co. oft'ered to 
do the work for some $44,000, thus throwing away $12,000 

Now this same water committee bobs up again and tells us 
that the heat of the sun has caused the cement floor of the 
settling basin, designed and supervised by Mr. Boiling, to 
buckle. Think of it a minute. Did. you ever see a piece of 
sidewalk months after construction buckling and cracking and 
rotting as a result of the heat of the sun ? That's baby talk. 
That rotten basin was laid with a foundation of gi-aft and in- 
competency and the incompetent plotter and builder of it 
should be held to account for the worthless job. 

The latest amount that this fake is estimated to cost the 
city is $20,000. 

And that's not all. Mr. Boiling has recently made another 
big blunder over towards Fairview Heights. Here the city 
has had to pay out about $1,000 to fill up what was graded 
in error and the original error in grading of course cost 
more than $1,000 of unnecessary expense. This means at least 
$2,000 of expense on this little job alone which the city lost 
through blunders of Mr. Boiling and yet our incompetent 
council retains our incompetent city engineer. 

N^ow count the cost, all chargeable to Mr. Boiling's in- 

Suit, $ 9,000.00 

Flume, 50,000.00 

Basin, 20,000.00 

Grading 2,000.00 

Total, $81,000.00 

10 The Idea. 

And that don't begin to state the total losses to the city 
by Mr. Boiling s blunders. The city council gave us Mr. 
Boiling, and the crooked Democratic committee, by crooked elec- 
tion, gave us a rotten council and the trouble at the bottom 
lies in the voter who don't care enough about his city to vote 
carefully like a man and keep such crooked committees out of 

The remedy is to be found first in arousing and getting 
organized. Unless the citizens of Richmond get busy and for- 
mulate a Law and Order League or a Citizens' Committee 
which will attempt to see that the laws are enforced and clean 
men nominated for and elected to office, we'll have thousands 
and thousands of dollars annually wasted and you and I will 
pay the bill. 

Did you know that when it comes to a show down in the 
city council the ring crowd, can always show a majority. 
That's why you have men like McCarthy on the police board. 
There is a ring crowd in the majority on this outlandish po- 
lice board too. You see when the council can be dominated by 
the crooks of course they can put their men in the police 
board and when you have a police board run by grafters you'll 
have just the crooked work that has come to light recently on 
17th Street, dive keepers protected by the police department 
until The Idea makes the department get busy and make a few 

Wo learn that Justice John says that he is having the 
busiest time he has ever had in his history and the reason i-s 
simi)k'. The police de|)artment is beginning to find that it 
will be held to account for the violation of the law. 


Did it ever occur to you that nearly everybody connected 
with or employed by the city of Richmond is kin to some- 
body else in the city government ? 

Get back numbers of The Idea at The Idea office, 904 
Capitol Street. 

T he I dea. 11 



Four weeks ago we printed 4,500 Ideas. 

TLree weeks ago we printed 5,000 Ideas. 

Two weeks ago we printed 6,000 Ideas. 

One week ago we printed 6,500 Ideas. 

Tbey were put on sale last week on Friday afternoon. On 
Saturday we had sold out and had to send a man out to try 
to pick up a few from newsdealers to try to supply the de- 
mand at our office. This week we print 7,000 copies. 

We expect very soon to be able to put on extra pages and 
even to double the text matter and give you a regular ten- 
cent magazine for five cents. 

Watch The Idea grow. 


Our circulation is so rapidly increasing that we'll have to 
put the price of advertising up very soon. Better write us 
quick fVir s])ace if you want to get in on the ground floor. 


How About it, Mr. Mills 

Two weeks ago The Idka had an editorial on the rebate 
matter of JVIr. Morgan Mill's committee. At that time The 
Idea said: "Let the conmiittee produce this rebate letter and 
place it bffore the public. It's the public's property.'' 

It now cjHies to The Idea on excellent anthoritv that the 

12 The I dea. 

reason this matter was not made public as called on by The 
Idea to do was because this letter was a plain, outright bribe. 
The circumstances of the case also bear this out for it is stated 
that the bidding concern had no record of the matter and was 
anxious to get out of the agreement made by the agent. 

ISTow if Mr. Mill's committee, a servant committee of the 
people of Richmond, were not guilty of accepting this bribe 
offered to them they can easily clear their skirts of the sus- 
picion which at present the people of Richmond have a right 
to hold against them by making all the facts in the case pub- 
lic and by showing this letter to the public. Mr. Mills had 
an excellent opportunity to right his committee before the 
people when he rushed into print in a recent newspaper article 
soon after The Idea appeared but we notice he was careful 
not to furnish a copy of that letter. 

Wo now call on him a second time to show the letter 
The citizens will eagerly await his reply. 

How about it Mr. Mills? 


You don't have to listen very closely to hear Idea echoes 
in the daily papers of Richmond. Sit down and write them 
a letter thanking them for it. They'll appreciate it. And 
maybe after a while they'll get real busy and help put the 
rascals out. Just let them know it's popular and then watch 
'em tumble. 

Rich parents arc an awful handicap to youth — Huhbard. 

We arc now working on the gambling cases and will soon 
issue a broadside on that question. We'll show how our ser- 
vants employed by us to protect us against them are protect- 
in2,' tliera aii'aiiist out laws. 

Don't think The Idea is not going to stick. It is not the 
quitting kind and then it is built on a solid foundation. 

If we were just simply kicking to grind our own axe it 
would be a different matter but we have no animosities and 
are fighting for broad principles. 

We have enough matter on hand to keep us going for a year 

The Idea. 13 

without hunting uc^w niateriial. Our trouble is not in finding 
material to till np Tiik Idea but in knowing what to cut out 
to keep from running oyer. 

If The Idea could live in Lynchbnrg, as it was doilig until 
it came here, on a circulation of never more than 3,200, once 
a month, we certainly can live on a sale of 6,000 as we are 
selling now, each week. And remember our sales are gradually 
increasing and we expect a naverage circulation of, to make 
a modest estimate, at least 8,000 in the city of Richmond 
and several thousand more throughout the State. 

We agree with those who have little faith in the average 
magazine started in Richmond. Richmond is called the burial 
ground of magazines because of the fact that they do not thrive 
here and they nearly always die. 

Xow the reason is this : The magazines started in Rich- 
mond have always been literary magazines and have not ap- 
pealed to anyone but the literary classes and then not for 
what they were but simply for sentiment, because the people 
hoped they would grow into some great Southern magazine, 

l^^otiee this big fact, however, that The Idea is published 
because of a demand for a fearless and outspoken paper against 
the evils of the hour. 

This demand comes from everywhere — the mechanic, the 
doctor, the lawyer, the preacher, the teacher, the farmer, poor 
and rich, all alike not only desire better conditions but recog- 
nize in The Idea, the fighting organ of those who work and 
hope for better things. 

It will be surprising for some to know how the working- 
man, the wage-earner and the good women of Richmond are 
rallying to our support as is evinced by the large number of 
letters received from them. 

W'j are fighting the fight of the average man against the 
priviledged man, the people against the bosses. 

Our sales on Church Hill and in Fulton, where so many 
of the wage-earners live, are especially rapid in their increase. 
These are the people that feel most the oppression of the 
priviledged few and the burden of taxation brought about by 
wasteful extravagance of city funds and loose and lax methods 
of management and crookedness of officials and graft in the 

14 The Idea. 

building of municipal works. The wa«>-e-earuer bears the bur- 
den and he is beginning to know who is responsible for the 
fact that he does not get a square deal. 


Is it a disgrace to fight crime ? 

Is it a disgrace to expose crookedness in our courts ? 

Is it a disgrace to tell the people that our servants, the 
Judges of our courts, are in league with the gentlemanly crim- 
inal to protect crime? 

Is it a disgrace to have judges that can bo and are ap- 
proached by crooked politicians to get their friends off for 
offences against the law ? 

Is it a disgrace to have a weakling in office of great re- 
sponsibility ? 

Is it a disgrace to allow ward heelers and members of 
city councils working daily in our police and criminal courts 
shielding criminals ? 

If you would spend an hour in, recreation, you cannot 
do better than drop in at the Theato, Broad & Fifth Sts., 
where you will find attractive moving pictures, with plenty 
of clean fun in skits and sketches by vaudeville performers. 
See their advertisement in this number. Take the children 


are often a hindrance to your daughter's education. She 
needs to be taken out of her neighborhood life until she is 
more mature and not so easily distracted from her work by 
her companions and social surroundings. Send her to the 


where she will receive "Thorough instruction under posi- 
tively Christian influences at the lowest possible cost." 

Practical and Theoretical Pedagogy Courses for training 
of teachers. 

JH^ f^r\ pays all charges for the year, including the ta- 
tj) 1 iDv/ hie board, room, lights, steam heat, laundry, 
medical attention, physical culture, and tuition in all sub- 
jects except music and elocution. Apply for catalogue to 
REV. JAMES CANNON, Jr., M. A., Blaokstone, Va. 



Day and Night Sessions. Opens Monday, September 20th. 


In this department, we teach Grammar, Spelling, Arith- 
metic, Reading, Penmanship, Correspondence, Geography, 
History and the higher branches, if desired. 

$4 Per Month Day School, $3 Night School. Term and Half Term 

Rates Cheaper. 


For Public School Students and others who wish to avail themselves of the very 
best opportunity to acquire a smooth, easy, graceful, arm-movement writing. 

The first special classes will be formed Monday, Sept. 20th, at 4 p. m., and 
same night at 7:45 p. M. Night lessons, Monday, Tuesday and Thursday,! ;Both 
sexes in both classes. 

20 lessons for $3 in advance, including pens ink and paper. 

Taught by an excellent writer and successful teacher, Mr. 

Writing students will be taken at any time, but those who do not enter when 
special classes are formed will be charged 13.45 instead of |3, the 45c. for station- 
ery. Other writing period 9 a. m>; also at 
night at above named periods. 

We expect to make these Writing 
Classes a big success. Join at once. \..Ly \^ y Presidnnt. 

For further information, write to or call on. 






We take any old suit and clean it to look like new, or dye it any color you want 



Let UB tell you more about it. 

LADIES, we please you on every Dress or Waist you send us. Hats Cleaned 
and Blocked by the BEST HATTER IN THE CITY. 


Broad and 11th Sts. Phone, Madison 4034 

Promptness is our Long Suit. 

WE SELL and Guarantee 

The New Columbia 
Champion Refrig= 
erators, New Pro= 
cess Qas Ranges, 
McDougall IKitchen 

And Everything in Reliable 

rurnitureandrioorCeverings . 

JONES BROS. & GO., Inc. 

1418=1420 E. Main St., Richmond, Va. 

HUOAl> ANr> 1 II Til 

Week Ending, Saturday Evening, Sept. 11^*^ 


TARTLING pictorial effects, displayed through two 
rolls of genuine impressions from Nature, with all 
the life left in, and all the story true to text. 
Besides these tributes of Art to Nature, the bill includes 
Music, Farce and Comedy as interpreted by stars in Vaude- 
ville, artists in black and white, gifted monologue raconteurs 
and sketch portrayals that need no cue to where the laugh 
comes in. 


Are of Miustrel Fame Great Duo 


Is a Whole Comedy 


Has Fun with himself and lets you in 

At Matinees, Doors Open 2:30 o'clock 

In the Evening 

Doors Open at 6:30 o'clock 

Always the performance begins half hour after doors 
open, and always the intermission change splits the period 
in half and rings the curtain down for exit. 

Admission Ten Cents. Ladies and Children Five Cents. 


Established in 1894. The aim of the school is clearly set forth by its 

»*pv'T"r'|^, "Thorough instruction under positively Christian influences at the lowest 

'■ytyJ 1 1 \J, possible cost." 

The school was established by the Methodist Church, not to make money, but to furnish 
a place where girls can be given thorough training in body, mind, and heart at a moderate 
cost. The object has been fo fully carried out that as a 

ppci TI T. ^^^^ to-day, with its faculty of 32, its boarding patronage of 300, and its 
I\I1.0 \JL,l. building and grounds, worth $140,000 


pays all charges for the year, including the table board, room, lights, steam 
heat, laundry, medical attention, physical culture, and tuition in all subjects 
except music and elocution. Apply for catalogue and application blank to 
REV. JAMES CANNON. JR.. M. A.. Principal, Blackttone. Va. 


31. H. Ewinfi 



PHONE 1821 


Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk Paving, Halls, 
Vestibules, Basements, &c. 

The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, and he 
takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work and straight 
forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled. 





Vol. Ill Sept. 18, 1909 No. 16 

$2.00 A YEAR 









For Sale At All News^Stands 

Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 

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A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill . SEPTEMBER 18, 1909 No. 16 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mail matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond, Va. 


Accept Bribes From Car Co. and Forfeit their 


It now develops tliat the members of the Board of Police 
Commissioners, besides protecting criminals and violators of 
the law, as they are doing daily in Richmond, are also them- 
selves violating the law. It is a well established principle 
of morals that no city official or employee should receive gifts 
from any party or concern with which the city has any busi- 
ness dealings. The acceptance of a gift was considered by 
ancient Rome to be in itself the acceptance of a bribe, although 
no proof could be furnished showing the purpose of the gift. 
The Virginia Constitution, in recognition somewhat of this 
principle, contains the following in Article 12, Section 161 : 

"^o transportation or transmission company shall grant to 
any State, county or municipal officer any frank, free pass, 
free transportation, or any rebate or reduction in the rate 

2 T h e I d e a . 

charged by such compam^ to the general public for like ser- 
vices. * * * * And any such officer who shall accept any 
gift, privilege or benefit as is prohibited by this section shall 
thereby forfeit his office and be subject to such further penal- 
ties as may be prescribed by law." 

l^ow, The Idea recently learned that Messrs. Gordon and 
Manning, both Police Commissioners, were riding on free 
passes, and so in order to find out how it happened that these 
public officers were violating the Constitution of the State, 
inquiry was made at the office of the Car Company and of 
employees of the Company, and it was discovered that all the 
Police Commissioners are furnished with free passes. 

Now, the question arises, why does the Car Company 
give away passes to Police Commissioners. Car companies 
are not in the habit of giving away something for nothing. 

They don't give you and me and other private citizens 
any free passes ; in fact, they collect from us twice for one 
ride when thej can do so by any technicality, as they have 
been doing on transferring to certain lines recently until The 
Idea, by its publicity, stopped it. And they don't give you 
a free pass because you have nothing to give them in return. 
What, then, does the Board of Police Commissioners have to 
give the Car Company in return for the favors the Car Com- 
pany gives them ? 

If you will go out in the West End at night you will find 
out. There you will find that the Car Company has saved 
itself the expense of thousands and thousands of dollars in 
building bams for their sheds by leaving their cars in the 
city streets at night. This is a violation of the law, and 
policemen have so reported it to the Chief, but nothing has 
been done, and you wonder why? Simpy because the 
Police Board don't want to have the law enforced and, some- 
how or other here in Kichmond the word of the Police Board 
is more respected than the Constitution of the State, although 
this Board has, in law, no authority in regard to the duties 
of the police in enforcing the law. Their duty is simply 
to look after certain minor details of routine work, such as 
"providing badges, uniforms, etc.," and prescribing hours of 
work and appointing policemen, but the duty of the police- 

The Idea. 3 

moil after a])]iointnieiit is clearly defined bj State law and 
cannot be modified by the Board. Still, this Board practi- 
cally rnles the situation becanse, since it appoints and can 
remove fron^ ofiice, what these men say is of great weight 
with the department, and no policeman ov chief wants to lose 
his job by being over-zealous. 

Do yon wonder why illegal houses of ill fame are practi- 
cally legalized in the face of one of the clearest laws ever 
written Avhen the city is dominated by a' rotten Police Board 
that will accept bribes from a car company? Do you won- 
der why the . Sunday closing laws are violated every week by 
both policemen and merchants when you've got a rotten Police 
Board that accepts bribes from a rotten car company ? 

Do you wonder why so much whiskey is sold here on 
Sunday when you've got a rotten Police Board that accepts 
bribes from a car company and then keeps the policeman 
from doing his sworn duty because he fears to lose his job 
if he abides by his oath ? 

If you or I leave a wheelbarrow in the street over night 
we'll most likely pay a fine for obstructing the streets or 
violation of some other ordinance, all because we don't give 
the Police Board any free passes or other valuable considera- 

The Car Company likewise enjoys certain other immuni- 
ties and blessings and privileges which the individual cannot 
have, but the publishing of this one specific instance should 
arouse the people to a realization that there is rottenness and 
bribing going on in Richmond. Let the citizens get together 
for the protection of their rights and organize a law enforce- 
ment league, which shall see to it that Police Commissioners 
and public oflicers obey and respect the law just as much as 
any one else. 

Now, as a result of this action on the part of the Police 
Commissioners, these men have forfeited their offices. The 
law says: "Any such officer who shall accept any gift, privi- 
lege or benefit as is prohibited by this section shall thereliy 
forfeit his office. 

Therefore, in law, RicJnnorid to-day has no Board of 
Police Commissioners, and it is the duty of the Council to 

4 T h e I d e a . 

give us (mother Board; and they should be careful this time 
to give us men who cannot be bribed. 

If the Council wants any proof that these men are accept- 
ing bribes, The Idea stands ready to prove to them the truth 
of its statements. 

Let the Council take notice of these charges and not pass 
them over, as they have been doing, when any charge has 
been made in the past, even by city officials themselves. 

And let the Council go at the investigation right and not 
wait until the Car Company has covered up its crooked work. 

See editorial elsewhere in this number, concerning the 
way the Council fails to act and the lack of business in their 



High-School Graft. 

Sometime ago, Mr. Beck, the Building Inspector, reported 
to the city Council that the cement work on the High School 
was not up to specifications. After some time spent in the 
red tape of councilmanic procedure a Committee got to- 
gether by appointment and carefully watched the contractor 
mix his cement, and the contractor, of course, had things 
going just fine, he'd have been a fool if he had not, and these 
contractors who do the work for the city are not fools, and so 
the Committee made its report and wrote Inspector Beck a 
long letter, intended to exonerate the contractor from the 
charge of the inspector. You see, when the contractor saw he 
was caught he simply lived up to specifications at least for 
the day on which the Committee came. He knew he had to. 

By this action is explained why city employees lose inter- 

Th e I dea . 5 

est ill their work and do not do their duty. When they do 
their dnty they are not uphehl in it. 

Suppose you reported to your employer that on Monday 
you saw his neighbor steal a case of shoes from his shipping- 
room and on Tuesday he sent some one down to watch and 
told his neighbor he was going to watch him and then found 
that the thief did not operate on Tuesday, and then came to 
you and reproved you for reporting on Monday, do you think 
you'd report the thief if he came again on AVednesday ? 
Well, that's the way our ancient councilmanic committee gov- 
ernment works. 

Just last week Mr. Beck again reported to the Council 
under date of September Yth, in reference to the new High 
School building. "The floors have been laid, and, in some 
instances, in a very indifferent and careless manner." 

When this report was read in the Council meeting, one 
member aroused and asked from his seat: "What's that about 
'indifferent and careless manner V " And the matter looked 
so warm that no one cared to answer or make further inquiry," 
and the matter was dropped and the report went to a Com- 
mittee on Grounds and Buildings, perhaps. 

Ill that report to the Council the Building Inspector also 
states : ''Special attention is called to the report of the City 
Electrician, which does not certify that the work has been 
finished according to plans and specifications, as directed by 
the resolution of your honorable body." 

This indicates that the electrical work on the new High 
School building has been done contrary to plans and spicitica- 
tions and yet the Council is such a bunglesome machine that 
perhaps next year, after the contractor has gotten his money 
and gone they'll have an investigation and do all the wiring 
over again and you and I will pay the bill. Or, perhaps, 
the buildinc: will burn down from defective wiring, or the 
floors will fall in from careless work, and the citiz;'ens will 
he asked to fork up some hundred thousands of dollars more, 
all as a tribr.te to our worn nut form of city governmt nt, 
which encourages grafters and boodlers. 

6 The Idea. 

Claims Griffith Shot Him 

Can't Have Him Arrested 

Charles Dabnev, a iiegTO who lives out in East Richinond, 
claims that on Saturday night, August 14tb, about 8 :30 
o'clock, he was shot in the head bv Dikes Griffith who, wath 
his brother, runs a barroom, patronized largely by negroes, 
dowm on the corner of Grace and Seventeenth streets. 

Dr. Collier, who came with the ambulance to the first 
police station, waited on the negro and sewed up one wound 
in the back of the negro's head and one on his forehead, 
where the negro claims the ball came out. 

Dabiiey states that he was ordered out of the bar of Grif- 
fith and that he was on his way out when Griffith attacked 
him, striking him first with his pistol and then shooting 
him, precipitating him headlong out of the door. 

Dabney states that when he was carried to the police sta- 
tion by the police that they went by Griffith's bar and the 
police refused to arrest Griffith and that later he tried to 
have a warrant sworn out against Griffith, but the justice 
would not issue it. 

The ambulance surgeon, when seen recently, said that the 
wounds did not look like bullet wounds. The doctor who has 
since attended the darkey stated that there was no doubt about 
the wounds being bullet wounds, and that the darkey was 
undoubtedly shot. 

A remarkable thing about the wdiole affair is the fact that 
the daily papers had nothing to say about it. The Neius 
Leader of the follow^ing issue, Monday, has accounts of three 
ambulance calls, but does not mention this one, although the 
negro was attended in the police station itself. It is very 
significant that the negro, dangerously and seriously wounded, 
was arrested, but no one was arrested as his assailant, al- 
though the affair occurred in the section where police are 
most needed^ and near the very police station itself and near 
a nest of as vile a lot of dives as ever cursed a city. If 

The Idea. 7 

a man can be shot in this section and his assailant go unmo- 
lested, then surely there is not ample "police protection" here 
for a judge to grant licenses to bars. 

Here it is, one montli after the negro was shot, and it not 
only appears that no one has been arrested, but although the 
negro has made repeated attempts to have a warrant issued, 
he not only has not gotten it, but, fvoni ^sh .-tatement, it ap- 
pears that the police and the surgeon and the justice of the 
peace have all aided in shielding the man whoin he claims 
shot him, and he has to appeal to The Idea to help him get 

It may throw some light on the question to know that 
these Griffith brothers run in connection with their saloon 
a large policy game, and that the other brother, who owns 
part of the bar, is also the same Griffith who owns together 
with Clyde Saunders, the big stock of race horses at Acea 
Stock Farm. This Griffith is commonly known as the Policy 
King of Richmond, and it has been repeatedly charged that 
his policy employees were protected by the police department. 

Certain it is that until The Idea started its fight here last 
spring almost no arrests were being made, and it took the 
most incriminating kind of evidence,- and lots of it, to con- 
vict in justice Crutchfield's court. 

Very recently a negro was arrested with his policy para- 
phernalia in his hands, and yet. Justice John let the negro 
go free, although the evidence of his work was captured and 
brought into court. 

Richmond will still have corrupt i)olitie-, as long as it 
peruiits these low dives on 17th and 18th streets to exist. 

Hardly a day passes in which a bunch of immoral women 
and gambling men are not arrested from this quarter and 
hauled into court for disorderly conduct or selling liquor or 
cocaine or gambling. 

This is Richmond's hot-bed for criminals and it could 
not exist Mathout these base bar rooms thriving in every direc- 


"It is a fundamental principle in our government, that 
no individual, whether in office or out of office, is above the 

8 The Idea. 

law. In this our safety consists." J. McLean, in Kendall vs. 
States, 3 Howard, 792. 


In our last number an error was made in the article con- 
cerning Mr. Boiling. The statement was made that Mr. Pol- 
lock voted to retain Mr. Boiling, and, as one of the ring, 
cracked the ring whip over others to get them in line for 
Mr. Boiling. As soon as we learned the mistake we hastened 
to correct it, and wrote Mr. Pollock a note, regretting that 
we had been misinformed and stating that we would make 
the correction in this number. Hence, this article. 

To err is human, and, though The Idea is extremely care- 
ful still it is on the firing line, and from its position has to 
run the risks of battle and bear the burden of its mistakes, 
which are inevitable in all publications. 


J. J. Redmond, in the 2nd chapter of "Fifty Years 
After," just out, has the following: 

''I see Saunders is suing the Williams Printing Company 
and Yoder for $20,000, so here is another chance for him to 
institute another suit. He can't scare me with that kind of 
a bluff. If he is going to sue everybody that slanders (?) 
him, we will have to institute a new court in the city. When 
this suit comes to trial, I intend to see who will be on the 
jury, -whether it will be Clyde Saunders' fakers, or Richmond 

If Yoder owes him $20,000, I owe him $20,000,000; so 
if he gets all this money at one time, he won't need any more 
wood-ticket printing, even if it did pay him 1,000 per cent, 

The I dea. 9 


If you want to see a genuine, unadulterated, outright 
mess, just go out and look at the grading blunders on 20th, 
21st, 22nd, 23rd and adjacent streets. 

you have already learned that the city engineer's blun- 
ders have cost the city about $2,000 in this section. 

If one carefully goes over that section he will be led to 
the conclusion that the real loss, in unnecessary work, to the 
city, is vastly more than that amount. The work ordered to 
be done, even according to the engineer's corrected figures, is 
about two-thirds unnecessary. Fairmount would be better off 
today if only about 3 feet of cutting had been done on 22n(l 
street, where the city engineer ordered a cut oJ about doven 

If a three foot cut had been made here and the correspond- 
ing cutting and grading had been done in other sections, then 
the values of property would not be so diminished and the 
city would not be liable to so many suits. As it is, you'll 
find a man's property left eight or ten feet above the street, 
and, as it is at the corner of 22nd street, the tenants have left 
and the owner can not rent, because the city has made the 
property undesirable. N'ow if it w^ere necessary for the good 
of the whole section to hurt one property, it would be a differ- 
ent matter, but such is nof the case. On the other hand, the 
work as a whole; was two-thirds unnecessary, and before the 
city K' through with it, it will have cost the citizens many 
thousands more in damage suits and lawyers' fees and re- 
taining wall and fences. 

The women especially, in this section are mad, and have 
a right to be. Their yards and fences and walks are ruined 
and they have to contend with mud and water and lack of 
car service because the city failed to establish a grade for 
the Car Company, thus delaying their work and making the 
patrojjs of the company transfer about two blocks over the 
mud holes on 22nd street. 

10 The Idea. 

It should also be borne in mind that excavation by it- 
self is a very small part of the expense of fixing up this sec- 
tion. It is worth while to remember that the citizens have 
paid for five separate and distinct surveys along some of these 

Then there is the question of lowering water mains. A 
twelve-inch main was laid here in 1908, after the grade had 
been established, and yet it was found necessary to excavate, 
and lower this main this year, thus entailing a double expense 
on the citizens. 

On 20th street, gas and water mains have been lowered 
three separate times. 

As we go to press, it has just developed, at the meeting 
of the committee of investigation, that the contractor, Mr. 
Clay, claims that the cost to the 'city of the engineering blun- 
ders in Fairmount, amount to about $4,000, instead of less 
than $500, as estimated by the engineers department. 

■ Remember, that Mr. Boiling is City Engineer, and is re- 
sponsible for these blunders. 

Everybody makes mistakes, but the point about Mr. Boil- 
ing's mistakes is that they are not checked up and discovered 
until very costly work has been done in error. 

We wonder what the council will promote him to this time. 


What has become of the fellow who first informed the 
city that there was fraud in the delivery of grain ? In the 
various investigations, why can not the city call on her in- 
former instead of letting the cases fall through because of in- 
ability to get the negro driver's testimony. 

An ordinance has finally gotten through the council ai> 
propriating the necessary funds for an investigation. ]N"ow 
let the council get at the bottom of the matter and sift out 
the real thief. 


The Idea for the third time, calls on. Mr. Mills, chair- 
man of the Water Committee of the council, to show the 
letter offering a rebate of $1,000. 

The Idea. 11 

The Idea charges that the letter was in the shape of a 
bribe, and Mr. Mills' failure to show it eoiitirrns that charge. 

Still, The Idea, speaking for the people, demands of the 
committee that that letter be in-odueed. Its the pulilie's j)rop- 
erty. Let the people see their own. 

Let not Mr. Mills think he can ignore The Idka. Twenty 
thousand people each week read The Idea, and they ai-e the 
twenty thousand people that really rule Richmond. 

If ]\Ir. Mills is so short sighted as to ignore The Idea 
now, then let him prepare for an accoiniting at the ])olls at 
next election time. 

Councilmen are elected next year, and The Idea is 
watching the record of each man and will have much to say 
as election time draws near. 

Although it is said that every city employee, urged by the 
office-holder's trust, is a walking delegate for Morgan Mills, 
still The IdEzV^s influences will be felt to his undoing, for men 
more powerful than he have already gone down before 
the onslaughts of the truth, as told by this little affair. 

Saunders and Leaman are gone. It's Pollock and ^lills 


It is high time for thoughtful people in this country to 
wake up to the fact that law-I)r( aking in our greatest cities is to 
an appalling extent a safe and profitable occupation. Spreading 
cloud-like and frauglit with menace, it operates primarily by in- 
fluencing the members of our police forces and, to a greater 
and far uglier extent, by the appointment and consequent 
ownership of police magistrates, evtn of higher tribunes of 
law and order, who carefully see that law^ breakers identified 
with lhe forces of plunder are immune from ]3unishment. 

But not least among the causes of our lawlessness is the 
laxity of judges in the lower courts. If the judges would 
enforce the laws rigidly and not rattle around splitting hairs 

12 The I dea. 

and dodging every time they themselves disapprove of written 
laws, either undue ^ lawlessness would cease or many laws 
would be changed. 

Judges fail to see that the laws are orders from the peo- 
ple which they, as judges, are employed and assigned to en- 
force and obey. That our judges so often forget or ig-nore 
this while indulging in fine-spun theories and the hair-splitting 
and juggling of words, is a deplorable, cancerous evil on our 
body politic. 

What hearing has a crooked or supine or incompetent 
judiciary upon the inefficiency of the police? It is the very 
root of the police problem. 

If the police magistrate is a known politician, a crook or 
a thug, cases of which are entirely too frequent, naturally the 
alien judges the nation by him. If the alien accepts (for it 
is promptly offered nine times out of ten), the help of a dis- 
trict political leader, or if he pays for leniency — and innocent 
or guilty the chance to do so will he offered him — how can our 
country grow anything but lawless ? Rigid, enforcement of the 
law by the criminal courts and the impartial infliction of penal- 
ties will do more to wipe out crime in our cities than can be 
accomplished by any other single agency. 

It is notorious that some police magistrates can be bought 
^by crooks and are bought and owned at the disposition of the 
local political machine wheresoever it may be. 

Other police magistrates are financially honest, but politi- 
cally dishonest. Those who draw doAvn the heaviest condem- 
nation temper their insolence with such cunning as to render 
it very difficult to. disgrace and oust them upon evidence. 

The above is clipped from an article in this month's issue 
of Hampton's Magazine, concerning graft in New York. 

It sounds so much like Richmond that one would think 
the writer had Richmond in mind. 

She — What's better than an InEAf 

He — You, dear! 

She — Seriously, can yoii tell ? 

He — I give it up. 

She — Two of them, of course. Get The Idea ? 

T h e I de a . I'd 


IIIGIIEK riiJCES FOR E\'i-:mTin .\G. 
Senator Gore, of Oklahoma, in discnssing th(,' high tariif 
bill just enacted by congress, said in Washington, August 5th.: 
"The people of this country will not know whether these 
duties are higher or lower. 'J'hey will not consult this law to 
learn the changes that have been made. But, at the end of 
each month, when they consult their bills they will see what 
Congress has done. They will find higher prices for every- 
thing they consume. I look forward to a veritable saturnalia 
of extortion. I predict there will be no lowering of prices." 
The bill would not promote commerce, he declared. 
"T would not put the American eagle in a cage and then 
wonder why he did not fly away to foreign markets," he said, 
duriiio, his vigorous denunciation of the measure. 

Press dispatches from Bristol tell of an address by Gov. 
Folk, of Missouri, which should be read with interest by 
every Richmonder. 

\\'e copy the following from the Journal of September 




Bristol, Va., Sept. 7. — That the honest voters of the badly 
governed cities are responsible for the conditions now existing, 
and that they could easily have a government of which they 
would be proud, by asserting themselves, was the statement of 
ex-Governor Joseph W. Folk, of Missouri, at the Bristol 
Chautauqua Saturday night. 

"The honest voters are passive, while the vicious element 
is active and vociferous," said the former prosecutor of the 
St. Louis gamblers and boodlers. 'Tt is the plain duty of 
every honest citizen to take an active interest in affairs of 
government. He should see to it that only honest men are 
elected to office and should exert an influence for the right in 
the government of his city. State and the nation. This alone 
will assure the permanency of the American republic. Rome 
had the Justinian code — the most perfect system of laws ever 

14 The Idea. 

devised bv man, hnt she decayed, because public sentiment did 
not support them. These laws, so perfect that they are a 
model for lawmakers to this day, were powerless to correct 
the corruption that sprang up in that empire." 

Governor Folk made an appeal to the honest voters to 
assert themselves for good government, declaring that they 
could have it. lie showed the power of an awakened ]~»ublic 
conscience, saying that the great reforms in Sail Francisco 
could have been accomplished years before they were had the 
public asserted itself. 

"There are no necessary evils in government,'" continued 
Governor Folk. "The ofliceholder who accepts a bribe in one 
way or another is a thief and sliould be driven from oifice and 
scourged by public sentiment and the law." Some of the 
so-called blue laws. Governor Folk says, should be enforced, 
adding that they w^ould do so much to elevate the governmental 
svstem of this count r v. 


A spirit of reform, in the Old Dominion, is reaching after 
better things. Men, women and babies are setting the crooked 
straigbt, exonerating the old and unsightly, cleaning house 
and reaching after improved conditions. In cure of sores and 
insanitary spots, we are building better houses, planting trees 
and literally mending our ways. Working singly and often 
without system, we tend ever towards co-operation, organizing 
unconsciously and applying as we learn them, the arts of 
division and devolution. Along lines of construction and re- 
pair, The Idea finds ever its scope and opportunity. Join- 
ing with other busy folks, it helps to hold aloft the banner 
of civic reform and betterment. We are not better or braver 
or wider or broader, than others, but just only moved of the 
impulse to speak out, that building as we go and seeking aid 
of all. The Idea may be strengthened with the strength of 
all true men, to the benefit of our common cause, that clean 
thinking and right-doing may ever be cherished among us and 
the fire of truth kept ever ablaze and aloft. 

Grafters and grabber^ must be hunted out. 




Day and Night Sessions. Opens Monday, September 20th. 


In this department, we teach Grammar, Spelling, Arith- 
metic, Reading, Penmanship, Correspondence, Geography, 
History and the higher branches, if desired. 

$4 Per Month Day School, $3 Night School. Term and Half Term 

Rates Cheaper. 


For Public School Students and others who wish to avail themselves of the very- 
best 'opportunity to acquire a smooth, easy, gracelul, arm-movement writing 

The first special classes will be formed Monday, Sept. 20th, at 4 p. m., and 
same night at 7:45 p. m. Night lessons, Monday, Tuesday and Thursday. v ^Both 
sexes in both classes. 

20 lessons for $3 in advance, including pens ink and paper. 

Taught by an excellent writer and successful teacher, Mr. 

Writing students will be taken at any time, but those who do not enter when 
special classes are formed will be charged 13.45 instead of $3, the 45c. for station- 
ery. Other writing period H A. M.; also at 
night at above named periods. 

We expect to make these Writing 
Classes a big success. Join at once. \..I^ \I y President. 

For further information, write to or call on. 


nth and Broad Sts. Phone, Madison 4034 

Promptness is our Long Suit. 


Your last winter's suit needs looking after. We will fix it up to lool as good 
as new at very low cost. 

Another " Idea !" We will keep the cost of that new suit in your pocket. 

We do the best work that can be done ; there are no better workmen 
in the city than ours. 



nth and Broad Sts. Phone, Madison 4034 

Promptness is our Long Suit, 

WE SELL and Guarantee • 

The New Columbia 
Champion Refrig= 
erators, New Pro= 
cess Qas Ranges, 
McDougall jKitchen 

And Everything in Reliable 

Furnilureand floor Coverings 

JONES BROS. & CO., Inc. 

1418=1420 E. Main St., Richmond, Va. 


are olU'u a hindrance to your daughter's education. She 
needs to be taken out of her neighi)orhood life until she is 
more mature and not so easily distracted from her work by 
her companions and social surroundings. Send her to the 


where slie will receive "Thorough instmction under posi- 
tively Christian influences at the lowest possible cost." 

Practical and Theoretical Pedagogy Courses for training 
of teachers. 

^^ _^ -. pays all charges for the year, including the ta- 
tblOV/ ble board, room, lights, steam heat, laundry, 
medical attention, physical culture, and tuition in all sub- 
jects except music and elocution. Apply for catalogue to 
REV. JAMES CANNON, Jr., M. A., Blackstone, Va. 



Ripe and Mellow 

for pickling or family use. 
Makes life worth living. 

Made by Nature's Own Process for sale at- 






Grocer and Feed Dealer 

806 TO 816 Brook Ave. Phone, Madison 1086 


Established in 1894. The aim of the school is dearly Bet forth by its 

1Ulf\TTf\. "Thorough instruction uiideif- positively Christian influences at the lowest 

lyiKJ I 1 \J. possible cost." 

The school was established by the Methodist Church, not to make money, but to furnish 
a place where grirls can be given thorough training in body, mind, and heart at a moderate 
cost. The object has been so fully carried out that as a 

ppci TI T, It is to-day, with its faculty of 82, its boarding patronage of 300. and its 
IxCO KJL,l, building and grounds, worth $140,000 


pays all charges for the year, including the table board, room, lights, steam 
heat, laundry, medical attention, physical culture, and tuition in all subjects 
except music and elocution. Apply for catalogue and application blank to 
REV. JAMES CANNON. JR.. M. A.. Principal. Blackstone. Va. 


31. H. Ewing 




Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk Paving, Halls, 
Vestibules, Basements, &c. 

The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, and he 
takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work and straight 
forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled. 





Vol. Ill Sept. 25, 1909 No. 17 

$2.00 A YEAR 







For Sale At All News Stands 

Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 

Association Institute 

Central Y. M. C. A., Main and Sixth Sts. 

Enrollment books now open, 9 A. M. to 10:30 
P. M Studies begin Monday night, September 27 


Arithmetic, Grammar, Penmanship 
Window=Card Lettering, Bookeeping, 
Mechanical Drawing, Stenography, Telegraphy 

STUDIES FOR BOYS: (12 to 17 ^ ears) 

Arithmetic and Spelling, Stenography, 
Business and Penmanship 
Package Lettering and Shipping 

S. K. McKEB, General Secretar^f 

S. P. WILEY, Chairman Educational Committee 

Call or Phone Madison 334 

The Greatest American 


Invented the Phonograph, and the 
Edison Machine is recognized as the 
Sweetest Toned of all such Instru- 
ments. All of Edison's Records 
and Machines are on sale in Rich- 
mond on easy terms at 603 East 
Main Street. 


Phone Madison 6227 

The Edison Phonograph 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill SEPTEMBER 25, 1909 No. 17 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yodek, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mail matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond, Va. 


A Sermonette for the Mayor 

On last Sunday night Dr. McDaniel, of the First Baptist 
church, preached a sermon on "The Evils of the City," and 
read as text the seventh chapter of Proverbs, in which is de- 
scribed the ways of the harlot. 

The gifted pastor used the occasion to warn the young men 
of the dangers of the social evil and to suggest to the police 
that they carry home young men who frequented the red 
light section of Richmond. The preacher stated a fact well 
known to Richmond men, that these dives are patronized by 
very young men and boys, often in knee pants, and urged that 
the police should break this up by the above mentioned method. 

The Idea is of the opinion that the sermon, which, by the 
way, was a very fine and instructive and helpful discourse, 
did not by any means get at the root of the evil. The laws of 
the State have put in the hands of the Mayor, whom they make 
the head of the police department, a most efficient remedy for 
this notorious evil. 

Section 3790 of the Code says that the keepers of such 

2 The Idea. 

houses "shall he confined in jail not exceeding one year and 
fined not exceeding two hundred dollars." The Mayor takes 
an oath to see to it that this law is enforced by the police and the 
Code gives the police broad power by saying: "'It shall be 
the duty of the j)olice to apprehend all persons whom they have 
cause to suspect of having violated or intend to violate any 
law of the State." 

It is thus seen that these places exist in absolute defiance 
of the law, and The Idea charges that these houses of ill fame 
exist with the connivance and protection of the Mayor and 
the police force, for they not only violate their oaths in re- 
fusing to enforce the law but they go further and keep* a 
register of all the occupants of these houses and keep pictures 
of each and every woman or girl who thus gives over her body 
to a life of shame and law/ violation, and it is stated that 
T-Iajor Werner, the Chief of Police, has in his office the record 
of 102 of these houses containing hundreds of girls and women, 
all duly recognized by the authorities, and thus practically 
.licensed to do boldly what the law says they shall not do at 
all on penalty of jail sentence. 

Just think of it, the sworn officers of the law be'coming 
party to the crime of illegal lewdness by giving common 
women immunity from the law on condition that they register 
and be photographed and perhaps other conditions. 

Solomon said, "Her house is the way to hell." The Mayor 
and police says we'll protect and control these "ways to hell" 
and encourage the young men and boys to go there by assuring 
them that we won't worry them by enforcing the law and 
arresting them for the many crimes they commit when they 
patronize them. They also permit them to sell beer and 
whiskey in these places on Sunday without any fear of moles- 

The Idea contends that it is of very little avail for a 
preacher to preach to the young men to keep away from such 
places when the sworn officers of the law take the exactly 
opposite course and, by their acts, invite the men to violate 
not only the laws of the State, but the laws of decency and 
moralitv and sanity and chastity and ordinarv common sense. 

The Idea. 3 

Is Mayor Richardson right when he says it is wise to con- 
trol and supervise this "necessary evil," or was Solomon right 
when he said "Her house is the way to hell." 

The parents of Richmond need not wonder why their 
precepts to their sons are of little weight when they find the 
boys out all night forming habits of lewdness and debauchery 
and crime if they will but face the fact that their laws are 
being ignored by the men they put in office and made swear 
to enforce them. 

It matters not how powerful and good the, preacher is, his 
discourses can have little effect if aimed at the effect instead 
of at the cause of the evil — namely, the violation of their oaths 
on the part of the elected servants of the people. 

Richmond cannot hope to improve until there is a whole- 
some respect for the law on the part of those who are sworn 
to enforce the law. 

How can Richmond citizens be expected to believe in the 
sacredness of the law or the permanency of their institutions 
if the very instruments and arms of the law openly and 
flagrantly igTiore that law. This is a tendency towards an- 
archy; this is a sowing the wind and must mean a reaping of 
the whirlwind, which is already in harvest, and which will be 
apparent to any one who asks any reputable physician how 
many men and women come to him with venereal diseases, 
legally obtained. 

The Idea regards this subject as perhaps the most im- 
portant of all the issues which confront the people, still it does 
not like to handle so delicate and offensive question. It does, 
however, become necessary for every individual, as well as 
every paper or every community to face delicate and embar- 
rassing situations and to clean up dirty places. 

But The Idea would much prefer the disagreeableness of 
cleansing and eradicating an evil to the offence of permitting 
that evil to grow and corrupt and insult all its sense of right 
and its idea of purity. 

When the time comes to do a piece of duty let no man be 
so base a cowd il as to shirk that duty because forsooth it 
is disagreeable. "A stitch in time saves nine." Attention to 

4 T h e I d e a . 

the festering sore now may later save the body from a loath- 
some disease. And he who objects to The Idea tackling so 
important a subject in this way, because it is offensive, is a 
coward and is unworthy of his citizenship. 



The remedy for the gross wrongs, done in the name of 
law in Richmond, can be found soonest in the organization of 
a Law Enforcement League. The citizens are becoming 
aroused more and more each day to a realization of who is 
responsible for the gross wrongs of their city. 

A rapidly increasing public sentiment is discernable all over 
the city. 

Pastor Jones, of the Eulton Baptist church, preached on 
Sunday from the text, "Is a young man safe in Fulton V' 
and the people of this section are arousing to a knowledge 
of the responsibility for lack of law enforcement in that sec- 
tion of the city. From all over the city word is coming to 
us that the people are realizing, as never before, that they are 
being betrayed by their servants, and a great moral wave is 
spreading throughout the length and breadth of the community 
— from Highland Park to Forest Hill and from Westhampton 
to Seven Pines. 

It takes no prophet to see that, when this community be- 
comes once thoroughly aroused by the disclosures of The Idea 
there will be an upheaval which shall shake the powers of evil 
from their high positions and cleanse for a time from the 
political and social life those human parasites who live off 
the labors of others to the degradation of the city and their 
own ultimate destruction. 

Organization alone is lacking to bring to a focus the de- 
sires of the people and wise will that man be who shall take 
the tide at its flood and ride on the wave of popular approval 
to a position of public trust and usefulness. 

The Idea calls on Eichmond's Christian manhood to pro- 
duce a leader worthv of the occasion. 

The Idea. 5 

The Idea calls on the sturdy citizenship of Kichniond to 
organize its forces in a league of law enforcement and it will find 
that but slight skirmishing will reveal the utter weakness and 
discomfiture of the forces of evil, and the stupendous fact that 
proud and honorable old Richmond, one of the most moral and 
thoroughly Christian and high-toned cities in the nation, has 
been politically run by a lot of rascals and thieves and thugs 
and incompetents, despite the fact that many most excellent 
men are in its councilmanic bodies and its administrative 


This morning, September 21st, there died in Minnesota the 
universally beloved Governor of that State, John A. John- 
son — died before his time — died in what many thought to be 
but the beginning of a successful career of national useful- 

He should have died hereafter. 

America needed John Johnson. 

America to-day is weeping for John Johnson. 

He was America's best type of American democracy, 

John, the child of the new world — Yon, with the best traits 
of the old world — heredity and environment made him Ameri- 
ca's foremost Democrat, America's kindliest son. 

We weep to-day for Yon Yonson, the washerwoman's child ; 
we weep to-day for John Johnson, the nobleman of Minnesota. 

"He should have died hereafter." 

morCtAX mills. 

jMorgan Mills is regarded by every one familiar with Eich- 
mond's political affairs for several years past as being one of 
the slickest and shrewdest politicians in the State. We hope 
to complete in time for our next number an article concerning 
Mr. ]\Iills' connection with public life and would be glad to get 

6 The Idea. 

any other aeenrate information to supplement what we already 
have. Let us hear from those who would help themselves by 
putting out of office such men as Morgan Mills, 

Have you noticed that Morgan Mills' committee (the water 
committee) has just asked for $20,000 for work which the 
engineer now says can be done with about $5,000 ? 

"It's strange. It's passing strange." And The Idea is 
liable to tell on somebody. 


Is There Hush Money? 

More than a year ago the Rev. Tilden Sherer, pastor of 
the Presbyterian church on Nineteenth street, between Main 
and Franklin, complained to the chief of police of a house of 
ill fame on the other side of the street opposite the church 

The chief of police promised to have it removed and went 
to see the occupants to effect the removal. Later he saw the 
pastor of the church and told him he had ordered the j)arties 
to move out and that the proprietress had demanded to know 
on what evidence and by what process he would evict her and 
he said that he had replied that if necessary he, the chief, 
would appear against her, for he not only had evidence 
as chief of police of the nature of her house, but as a police- 
man had been on that beat. 

Matters drifted on, however, and nothing was done ex- 
cept 10 make threats, until a year later the pastor determined 
again that he would break up the disgraceful affair in such 
close proximity to his church door and called on the chief 
again to have the place broken up. 

Again the chief gave moving orders and this time the orders 
were, apparently, obeyed, for the parties moved out and a rent 

The Idea. 7 

notice was posted for a few days, after which the house was 
again occupied, but this time by a more disorderly crowd than 

It can thus be seen that there is some power somewhere 
that protects the criminals in Richmond and enables them not 
only to violate laws with impunity and with the full knowl- 
edge and consent of the police and the chief of police, but to 
do so in the face of protests from citizens and churches and 
in the conspicuous places where women and children congre- 
gate to worship God. 

]N"ow, The Idea does not believe that these conditions, 
which exist, are chargeable to Major Werner alone. They 
could not, and would not exist if they were not sanctioned by 
that power behind the chief which, though contrary to law, 
does actually dominate the doings of the police force in Rich- 
mond. We believe that without the evil influejice of this board 
Major Werner would act quicker under pressure of public 
demand and sentiment. At times he seems to be powerless, 
and however good his intentions may be he does not carry out 
his oath of office. 

Out in St. Louis a few years ago an investigation into 
the evils of the red light district brought out this astounding 
fact. The books of these houses of ill repute showed such 
entries as this : 

Mayor Ames, $500.00, 
And on each month there were similar entries, showing that 
these criminals paid for protection from those whose duty it 
was to prohibit their operations. 

In Richmond there is no suggestion that these people pay 
anything to the Mayor, yet conditions so similar to those of 
these other cities do exist and these criminals are so carefully 
protected and registered that the suspicion is already becoming 
prevalent here that somebody gets a rake-off. 

Let those who take it on themselves to protect these law 
violators from those who have sworn to bring them to justice 
answer to the public belief that there is corruption here. 

The Idea would inquire why is it that a policeman is not 

8 The Idea. 

upheld when he arrests or attempts to interfere with the busi- 
ness of public prostitution. 

Is there any hush money in it for anybody in authority ? 


An Inquiry into the Responsibility 
for the Fairmount Blunders 

The council investigating committee held a meeting Mon- 
day night of this week to examine witnesses in regard to the 
blunders in the grading of Fairmount, which have cost the city 
perhaps several thousands of dollars and which will eventually 
cost the city many thousands more. 

(1) From the investigation it appears that in the first 
place Mr. Hankins, employed by the engineering department 
as surveyor, made a blunder in lowering a stone used as a 
bench mark and not notifying Mr. Bowling of the fact of its 

(2) In the second place, Mr, Todd', of the engineering 
department, admitted having used this lowered stone as a basis 
in giving grades to the contractor, Mr. Clay, and not checking 
up his work until about a month after, when the grading in 
seven blocks had been ^ done. (Using this stone, without sus- 
pecting an error, was very natural, because it had not fallen 
down but had been replaced in its lower position and bore no 
evidence of having been moved from its original position.) 
The gi-ave mistake came in not checking over work until too 
late to save the city. 

(3) Mr. Clay, the contractor, admitted that he had graded 
certain streets when he had orders from Mr. Todd, engineer 
in charge, not to do so. Mr. Todd says he reported this to 
Engineer Boiling, but Mr. C-lay did not even thereafter confine 
himself to the work ordered to be done. 

The I dea. 9 

Now, ill regard to the amount of work done in error. The 
Idea last week noted a discrepancy between the estimates of 
the engineer's office and of the contractor. The Idea reporter 
took down the statement of Mr. Richards and this report made 
Mr. Richards say that Mr, Cluj estimated about $4,000 worth 
of work had been done in error. At the last meeting Mr. 
Clay took occasion to censure The Idea for making that state- 
ment, and he said he did not say that. We would simply 
state that Mr. Clay was not at the meeting in question and, 
therefore, has no right to state that The Ideals report of that 
meeting was not correct. 

The notes were taken as ]\[r. Richards made the remark 
and the memory of the reporter bears him out in that particu- 
lar. The Idea has, therefore, svery reason to believe that its 
report was correct. If, however, Mr. Richards thinks he did 
not say that still Ave think he did — though he did not mean to — 
because our pen and our memory agree as to what he did say. 
It is, of .course, possible that the reporter heard wrong and 
that Mr. Richards said 4,000 yards and not $4,000. 

Let it be known, though, that Mr. Clay at this last meet- 
ing still claimed that he thought that about 3,500 or 4,000 
yards had been cut in error, although the engineers claim' only 
some 1,750 yards were cut in error. 

In the investigation Mr. Boiling laid stress on the fact 
that these "sew^ers were laid in Fairmount before that dis- 
trict was annexed to the city and the engineer's office had 
nothing to do with conditions growing out of the laying of 
these pipes," and 77; p Leader put this statement in capitals 
to-day, September 21st, evidently to controvert for the engineer 
the blame fixed on him by The Idea. 

The Idea desires to state that Mr. Clay testified that ''the 
gas main was lowered twice" while he was grading the streets 
tins summer. Therefore, there was a serious blunder in low- 
ering iiot low enough in the first place. 

ISTow as to who is to blame. The investigation has thor- 
oughly sustained The Idea in its contention that the engi- 
neer's department is incompetent to do the work incumbent 
upon it. 

The testimony shows laxity and lack of proper checks 

10 The Idea. 

(1) in not requiring careful reports as to the lowering or 
changing of bench marks (brought out by Mr. Hankins' ad- 
missions) ; (2) in not requiring the engineer to verify the 
bench marks by comparing with others before giving cross 
sections for grading from them; and (3) in not seeing to it 
that the orders of the department were carried out by the con- 
tractor in regard to grading before grades were given. 

This incompetency of the engineer in not exercising the 
proper supervision over the work of his department is evidently 
the real cause underlying all these expensive blunders, not 
only in Fairmount, but in other sections of the city as well. 

IsTow let us state that The Idea has been most favorably 
impressed with the frankness of the City Engineer and his 
evident desire to assist the committee in its investigation. He 
has shown the spirit of a gentleman in every particular that 
has come under our observation, and The Idea has never 
made any charges of graft or crookedness against the engi- 
neer's department. Our charge is simply this: That the work 
of the engineer's department is not satisfactory and has been 
so badly handled that the blunders of this department have 
cost the city untold thousands of dollars. Week before last 
The Idea enumerated blunders to the extent of about $80,000. 
Last night Mr. Clay, the contractor, charged that the City En- 
gineer had filled in a gulley on Thirty-fifth and Marshall at 
an unnecessary expense to the city of $35,000 or $40,000 

The time has come for the citizens to demand of their 
councilmen that they cease to elect a man to ofiice simply be- 
cause he is honest and good and popular. 

The City Engineer's office is the most important in the 
gift of the council and the first question to be asked is '^Is he 
capable?" "Is he fit?" "Is he competent to handle this mam- 
moth proposition of looking after the vast and varied affairs 
of a city so difficultly engineered as Richmond. 

It would, of course, be a disagreeable thing for council- 
men to displace Isir. Boiling. But councilmen should not let 
their feelings of friendship influence them in a matter of so 
grave importance affecting the expenditure of millions and 

The Idea. 11 

millions of dollars. Coiineilinen should lay aside all considora- 
tion of personal feeling and elect a man, as a cold business 
proposition, solely on his merits. They shoidd cease voting 
their sentiments and vote their reason instead. 


The Idea, for the fourih time, calls on Mr. Mills, chair- 
man of the council water committee, to show the letter offer- 
ing a rebate of $1,000. 

The Idea charges that the letter was in the shape of a 
bribe and Mr. Mills' failure to show it confirms that charge. 

Get busy Mr. Mills. You'll just have to come across 
finally or prepare for defeat. 

The Idea will stand for publicity of all city afiairs, and 
when a committee acts in secret and refuses to show a letter 
which is the people's public property, then the people know 
there is something wrong. Men love darkness rather than 
liffht because their deeds are evil. 

Stores Open On Sunday 

Contrary to Law 

On no other subject, perhaps, has The Idea received more 
communications than on that of Sunday observance. Various 
merchants and other citizens have frequently called attention 
to the gross laxity of the police force in seeing the violation 
of the Sunday closing law. On nearly every prominent corner 
on Main and Broad streets, and in many other places as well, 
the fruit stores and soda fountains do a thriving business and 
sell besides soda water drinks anvthino- else that is desired 

12 The 1 dea. 

which they carry. In one block on Broad street three stands 
are open all day on Sunday and it is claimed that on that day 
more business is transacted and more money is made than on 
any other day in the week. 

Before the last Legislature met it seems that the courts 
held that the law was insufficient to break up the offence, so 
a law was passed at the last session making this a misde- 
meanor, punishable with a fine of $5 or more for each offence 
and permitting the judge to "require a recognizance in a pen- 
alty of not less than $100 or more than $5,000, with or with- 
out security, conditioned that such person shall be of good 
/behavior and especially to refrain from a repetition of such 
offence for a period not exceeding twelve months." 

Formerly an offender could break the law, pay the $2 fine, 
and go to work and sell again on the following Sunday. He 
might make a hundred dollars and pay his $2 for the privilege 
and keep up the work. Under the new law, however, "If a 
person on the Sabbath day (and in law Sabbath and Sunday 
mean the same) be found laboring at any trade or calling, or 
employ his apprentices or servants in labor or other business, 
except in household or other works of necessity or charity, he 
shall be deemed guilty," etc. 

The police, therefore, under the new law must arrest and 
the judge must fine for every violation, and the judge now has 
power to stop the practice by requiring a heavy bond to be for- 
feited on the second offence. 

There is, therefore, no excuse for the failure of the police 
to enforce the law. A pastor of one of the churches recently 
brought this matter to the attention of the policeman on his 
beat and told him that if he, a gospel worker, could see these 
violations surely an oflacer, Avhose duty it was to look after 
these things, could see them. The policeman finally admitted 
that he saw them and yet officially he did not see them. 
Whereupon the preacher said that if he, the policeman, did, 
not enforce the law he, the preacher, would take the mattei 
over his head and have the law enforced. 

This finally made the policeman say that he would do it 
himself if the preacher would just keep quiet and not take it " 
over his head. 

The Idea, 13 

Now the question arises, Why is it that the police do not 
want to enforce these laws. Is it because they do not want to 
arrest a man because they have been bribed off by gifts of 
drink and food ? Or is it because the merchant has paid 
some one higher up in police affairs to keep the police away? 

This one thing is certain, that the police don't ever have 
to pay for drinks at these places, or for pies and the like, and 
in many instances when a policeman has offered to pay the 
proprietor has refused to take his money. The acceptance of 
a drink or a pie by a policeman constitutes a bribe and the 
offender is subject to a heavy fine and dismissal from the force 
and yet it is done all over Richmond. Beer and whiskey are 
likewise given to policemen and this accounts for the attitude 
of some policemen towards the bars of Richmond. 

Now The Idea in its campaign for law enforcement in- 
tends to see to it that these laws concerning Sunday closing are 
enforced. These laws are so flagrantly ignored that even 
drug stores, which do not have fountains, sell candies and 
cigars and other articles and things which are not medicines 
on Sunday. 

Now be it remembered th^t this law is not a "blue" law, 
a law which is out of date and perhaps should be amended or 
ig-nored, but was passed by the last Legislature and is about 
as live a law as there is on the statute books. 

In these places on Sunday congregate many young men 
and boys and talk and smoke and tell smutty jokes while their 
parents think they are at Sunday school or church. Their 
characters are being torn do^vn instead of being built up, all 
because in Richmond officers of the law think they are above 
the law. 


In the future The Idea will be put on sale Saturday morn- 
ings at 6 o'clock, so that school boys may have an opportunity 
to sell them. More boys are wanted, especially in the West 
End. Boys in that section may get Ideas to sell from the 
Model News Company on West Broad street. 

14 The Idea. 

Any accurate information concerning the official deeds of 
certain councilmen of evil reputation will be appreciated by 
The Idea. We want information concerning one or twt» espe- 
cially slick ones for an article now being prepared. Tliese 
fellows must be exposed. 

In the revenues of the wicked is trouble — Solomon the 


"The Mayor shall see that the duties of the various city 
officers, members of the police force and fire departments 
* * * are faithfully performed." 

three years old 

Ripe and Mellow 


\i I Ixl K" C^J AV r^ for pickling or family use. 

^^^^^^a^^^^^^g^^mmmmmi^^^^ Malccs Hfc worth living. 

Made by Nature's Own Process 






Grocer and Feed Dealer 

■■^■■■■^■mHBM' ■■■■■■■ I^HHlBaBH ^^^^■■■■■■i^^ 

806 TO 816 Brook Ave. Phone, Madison 1086 


Phone Monroe 427 
when you want the 
very best HOMER 
SQUABS obtainable, 
get them from ATKINS SQUAB COMPANY. 

The Largest Squab Plant in the City 

Mated Homers for sale. Address 


1418-1418;4 W. Beverly St., RICHMOND, VA. 

America, like Eui-ope, is realizing that a sudden tran.sition 
between extremes of temperature is not wliolesome, and 
pleasant pausing places are being increasingly called for. 

This brings into special notice that great climatic railroad 
route — the route of health and pleasure which unites the New 
England States with Florida and the tropics. 

In a little wliile investors and promoters will be looking for 
a suitable locality for the establishment of a relay point, and 
when they have finished their research they will find that point 
to be 

Glen Allen 


This charming spot with its improvements is now for sale 
with the single exception of the publishing house and its im- 
mediate surroundings. 

Glen Allen is a pleasant country seat — a doinain of park and 
forest, richly wooded yet close to the edge of Twentieth Cen- 
tury activities. It is twelve minutes from Ric'hmond; three 
hours from Washington, and five and a half days from London. 

That Great Short Line which links the railroad systems of 
the North with those of the South is practically completed; and 
important results will follow this achievement. 

Six vip-to-date roa'ds have joined forces in this work, and 
the bold enterprise will dominate the develoiiment of that fer- 
tile region which extends from the Atlantic coast to the Valley 
of the Mississippi. 

The point of convergence from the entire South is Richmond; 
and the point of convergence from the North and West is 
Washington. Glen Allen is on the short link which unites 
these two vast sj^stems, and Glen Allen is beyond comparison 
the most eligible spot on that link for a splendid development. 

The place is 'dotted witli pretty villas, and has eight or 
nine miles of private avenues and shady sequestered lanes. 
Thousands of travelers pass Glen Allen daily, many of them 
describing it as the Deer Park, from the herds of half-tamed 
deer which roam over its ample grounds, and which may be 
seen fro.m the car windows for a mile, or more. 

Glen Allen is the seat of Forest Lodge, which is a spacious 
mansion of a hundred rooms, furnished and equipped through- 
out, and situated in a beautiful Park fronting the railway 

No provision is made for the entertainment of Koinerites, 
or free-lunch pilgrims in the guise of settlers, but a full de- 
scription of the property wnll be mailed on request bv the 
owner, CAPTAIN CUSSONS, Glen Allen, Virginia. 


nth and Broad Sts. Phone, Madison 4034 

Promptness is oue Long Suit. 


Your last winter's suit needs looking after. We will fix it up to look as good 
as new at very low cost. 

Another " Idea !" We will keep the cost of that new suit in your pocket. 

We do the best work that can be done ; there are no better workmen 
in the city than ours. 



nth and Broad Sts. 

Phone, Madison 4034 

Promptness is oue Long Suit. 

WE SELL and Guarantee 

The New Columbia 
Champion Refrig= 
erators, New Pro= 
cess Qas Ranges, 
McDougall [Kitchen 

And Everything in Reliable 

furnitureandfloorCoverings .. 

JONES BROS. & CO., Inc. 

1418=1420 E. Main St., Richmond, Va. 



The French sarpags us all as cleaners, and the arts 
of those masters of art applied to Clothes and Cover- 
ings, Draperies and Carpets make success certain at 


Suits are new after Steam and French System have 
done their work Only the gloss of new is gone. 
Garments of men, Draperies of dames, all sorts of 
stuffs in Costumes Suits and Hangings are Dyed, 
Scoured, Bleached, Renovated in the hands of those 
who know and do. 

The Cost is Small Compared to the Effect 





A nice Pound Cake for 40c, so large— it's the 
talk of the town. 

A four=pound Raisin Cake, 50c. 
One hundred Lemon Snaps, 35c. 
A nice Layer Cake, 15c, five kinds. 
A large Pound Cake for 25c, it's great. 
Three=pound Jelly Roll for 25c. 

I have between 70 and 100 boarding houses on my list. Why? 1 
take care of them. 

The always-busy little store with the big business, polite attention 

4231 N. 6th St. 

PHONE 410. 

High Gradt NVork Quick Service Prices Right 

You Have Tried the Rest 

Now Try the Best 

My Work My Recommendation 


Jefferson Chemical Cleaning and 
Dyeing Works 

2225 East Clay Street Phone Madison 6030 





Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk Paving, Halls, 
Vestibules, Basements, &c 

The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, and he 
takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work and straight 
forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled. 





Vol. Ill Oct. 2, 1909 No. 18 

$2.00 A YEAR 









For Sale At All News Stands 

Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 

If A Man Loves A Woman If A Woman Loves A Man 
That's His Business That's Her Business 

Cleaning and Dyeing 

That's My Business 

Jefferson Chemical Cleaning and Dyeing Works 

■iiiiimiiii II II III Willi aaaiMMMfaBiiiriaiHiaiBBaBWianiihrtgiiBffiin^^ 

ALFRED L. WALTON, JR., Proprietor 

Pants Pressed, 5c. Per Leg, Seats Free 
If looking for High-Grade Work and 
Quick Service, this is the place 

My Work, My Recommendation 

2225 EAST CLAY STREET Phone, Madison 6030 

— The Greatest American 


Invented the Phonograph, and the 
Edison Machine is recognized as the 
Sweetest Toned of all such Instru- 
ments. All of Edison's Records 
and Machines are on sale in Rich- 
mond on easy terms at 603 East 
Main Street. 


Phone Madison 6227 The Edison Phonograph 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill OCTOBER 2, 1909 No. 18 

5 Cknts a Copy $2.00 a Yeak 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mail matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond, Va. 


Loose Methods 

The Idea lias been looking into the methods of the police 
conrt in fining and bonding prisoners and has discovered a. 
startling condition of affairs. 

It appears that when a rule is ordered to be issned for the 
appearance of a party there is no checking np afterwards to see 
that the rnle is ever actually issued. Jnst recently this was 
clearly shown in the case of the negro Harris, who did not 
appear when summoned into court. 

The Justice ordered a rule to be issued for him on two 
occasions and yet he did not see to it that his order was obeyed, 
and as a result no rule was issued until the clerk of the market 
made trouble for the authorities, and even then, when the clerk. 
Captain Sullivan, inquired of Justice John what had become 
of his rule, the Justice very harshly told the clerk that he had 
done his part and that he did not want to be bothered any 
more with the matter. It thus appears that Justice John was 

2 T h c I dea . 

perfectly satisfied to let the matter drop and have his rules 
ignored. From this it can be seen that rules are ordered with 
no intent that they shall be served, and when it happens twice 
in the same month with the same negro, Harris, represented 
by the same lawyer, Pollock, then it looks extremely significant. 

When such a thing happens the people know that there is 
a loop hole somewhere for the escape from justice of those who 
are "on the inside." 

The same laxity is evident also in the fining of prisoners. 

If a prisoner is fined who stands in with the proper authori- 
ties he may simply fail to pay up and walk out. Likewise, 
when security is required, if the prisoner enjoys the protection 
of those in authority he is not required to give security, but 
simply walks away without obeying the mandates of the court 
and the court closes its eyes and permits the rascal to "pursue 
the even tenor of his way." 

The Idea Would like to enquire where councilmen enter- 
tained their Baltimore opponents on the night after the recent 
baseball game between the teams of the two city councils ? 
Don't all speak at once. 


Pollock and Leaman Delighted 

At the council meeting last week the election of a clerk for 
the Second Market came up, ar^d from the very beginning it 
was evident that the result was between Messrs. Garrison and 

Now, The Idea knows very little of the comparative merits 
of these two contestants, but The Idea does know that as soon 
as the skirmishing was over and these candidates with small 

The I dea. :i 

followiiig'8 liad been dropped from the balloting, then on word 
from Mr. Pollock, who is the recognized leader of the ring 
crowd in the conncil, and who left his seat to pass along 
"instrnctions" to his men, these followers of Pollock and the 
ring immediately changed their votes to Johnston and John- 
ston's election was assured. Now, The Idea does not know 
■anything about the fitness of Mr. Johnston for the position, 
•except that suspicion of unfitness will always attach to those 
for whom the ring does its work. A man is known by the com- 
pany he keeps in politics as well as elsewhere. 

A very significant fact concerning the election is this : Mr. 
Leaman, whose influence with the ring is universally recog- 
nized, was on the floor of the council chamber and "within the 
railing" all the time during the election. This fact would be 
especially significant to the people of Richmond who believe 
in pure elections if they could have seen the delighted expres- 
sion on Mr. Leaman's face when the vote was announced. 
When Pollock and Leaman are pleased it's high time the people 
■^vere doing some thinking for themselves. 


Councilmen Condemned 

At the meeting of the council investigating committee last 
-week it was remarked on by several citizens present how several 
of the councilmen who were present as spectators showed their 
attitude towards the investigation by their sneers and remarks 
intended to belittle the work done by Mr. Richards, who, as 
chairman, wtas leading the investigation. 

These councilmen be it said to their shame, helped to 
thwart the efforts of the committee by their unkindly attitude 
and presence on that occasion, and it appeared to outsiders 
that they did not want to see this matter of blundering in Fair- 
mount investigated. 

4 The I dea . 

Mr. Richards would have been entirely right if he had 
cleared the room of those city conncilmen whose presence was 
hurting the efficiency of his inquiry. Mr. Richards deserves 
the highest praise for the manner in which he conducted the 
inquiry. Those who tried to belittle his efforts deserve the 
censure of all good citizens. 

This committee found Mr. Todd, an assistant in the Engi- 
neer's office, who resigned during the investigation, guilty of 
inexcusable carelessness in not checking up his work. 

As The Idea contended during the investigation, the Engi- 
neer of the city is the only one who can be regarded as respon- 
sible for the work done under him. The City Engineer should 
be called to account for not properly looking after the affairs 
of his department and thus preventing any such serious blunder 
as was caused in Fairmount. 


Although the committee from their report "found that 
approximately there had been 3,665 cubic yards excavated be- 
low, the true gi-ade" and that "the loss to the city, at contract 
price (25 cents per cubic yard), would be $916.25 for error 
committed," still it is due the Engineer's Department to state 
that even if Mr. Clay, the contractor, did excavate 3,665 yards 
too much, still the city should not be required to pay for any 
more than the amount as shown by the engineer's marks on the 
grade-posts. If the contractor cut deeper than the marks indi- 
cated it is not up to the city to pay him for it, and Mr. Clay 
admitted on the stand that he did cut before he was ordjered 
so to do by the Engineer. The city must pay for errors of its 
employees, but should not pay for errors of contractors. 


On the 28 th ultimo the street committee ordered to be sum- 
moned before that committee on Monday night, the 11th of 
October, all parties who could give any information in regard. 

The Idea. 5 

to the theft of grain from the city. It is learned that the com- 
mittee will have before them the party or parties who originally 
discovered the thefts and reported them to the city. The testi- 
mony of these parties should be of great value in the investiga- 
tion. For some nnknovm reason (and it looks crooked to The 
Idea) these parties were never summoned to appear before the 
police court to testify against the negro driver or Mr. AJvey 
in the first place, and it looks like it was through a desire on 
somebody's part to make a scapegoat of the negi'o and hush the 
whole matter up before going to the bottom of it. 

'"T am not bound to win, but I am bound to be true. I am 
not bound to succeed, but I am bound to live up to what light 
I have. I must stand with anybody that stands high — stand 
with him while he is right, and part with him when he goes 

Morgan Mills Committee 

The Idea has repeatedly in the last month or so publicly 
called on Morgan Mills' committee to show the letter which 
offered a rebate of $1,000 on a $14,550 contract. 

Although Mr. Mills saw fit to answer in The Times-Dis- 
patch certain criticisms concerning that transaction, still he did 
not show the letter or explain to the satisfaction of the public 
how it was that the minutes of the meeting made no mention 
of that letter and why no private citizen ever heard from it 
until the contracting concern refused to allow the $1,000 

The Idea reporter was to-day, September 28th, shown by 
■Superintendent Davis, of the Water Department, what pur- 
ports to be a copy of the letter in question. 

That copy, while not so worded as to be considered, from 
its wording, as a direct bribe, is, nevertheless, evidence, con- 
sidering the facts recently developed, that there is serious 

6 T h e I d e a . 

wrong somewhere. The fact that the public was never in- 
formed at the time that any such letter existed was ample jus- 
tification of the belief that something was wrong, and that 
belief has been continually confirmed by the failure of the 
committee to come out with the letter. The letter stated that 
the contractors found that the cost could be reduced some $400 
by "eliminating all cost to us of testing (pumps) after same 
have started up and are in successful operation" and by other 
considerations, and then offered to put in the plant for $13,550, 
which was $1,000 less than the price quoted in their sealed 
bid. ISTow let this be clearly understood : 

(1) That this letter was received before the contract was 

(2) That the contract was awarded to this concern at the 
higher price — $14,550. 

(3) That the letter was never made public or mentioned 
in the minutes of the meeting. 

(4) That there was a bid considerably lower than the one 
which got the job ; and, 

(5) That the citizens never heard of the $1,000 rebate 
until the contractors refused to allow it. 

The Idea, therefore, would reiterate what it said in the 
beginning of the matter : "As this was the business of the pub- 
lic the public should have been informed of any transaction 
made in their name, l^o committee has any legal or moral 
right to take any secret action, especially when such action in- 
volves the public's money. Why was not this $1,000 rebate 
mentioned in the minutes ? 

"When public matters are concealed the public has a right 
to suspect something crooked," 


It may throw some light on the reasons why certain mem- 
bers of the council are so anxious not only that the city shall 
not make any change in its form of government, but also that 
they shall be continued in office, to consider wherein councilmen 
benefit by their offices. 

The Idea proposes to show from time to time how dif- 
ferent councilmen reap large benefit by reason of their office. 

T h e 1 d e a . 7 

In this number two reasons will be given why Mr. Mills 
is profited by his position as councilman. 

In the first place let it be known that Mr. Mills is agent 
for the manufacturers of the "ISTewton traps." Thesf^ Newton 
traps are specified in the city ordinances to be used in plumb- 
ing in the city of Richmond. 

This ordinance is therefore, the means of Mr. Mills making 
much money, for it is of very much financial interest to Mr. 
Mills when the concern he represents has large sales in his 
community. ISTow, the spirit and the letter of the law has 
always opposed and forbidden councilmen from reaping benefits 
by reason of their position. 

Yet here we find Mr'. Mills directly and financially in- 
terested in the sale of traps, the sale of which is almost wholly 
affected by city laws which he, as councilman, helps to make. 

In the second place. Some time ago Mr. Mills introduced 
a resolution for the purchase of a tract of land in Fairmount 
to be used as a park, and the resolution carried with it a certain 
large appropriation for the purpose. On investigation it was 
found that— 

(1) The land was not suited for a park. 

(2) The land was owned by a relative of Mr. Mills; and, 

(3) The actual value of the land was a very small propor- 
tion of the amount which Mr. Mills sought to have appro- 


Weight, 10 pounds. 
Cootsey, Tootsey. 
Baby boy. 
Mamma's darling. 
Papa's little man. 

Jimmy the kid. 
Young Mr. Brown. 
James Brown. 
Mr. James Brown. 

The Idea. 

Clerk of Election Brown. 

Committeeman Brown. i 

Alderman Brown. 

The Hon. J. M. Brown. 

James Matthew Brown. 


Jim Bro's^m. 

Jinimie Brown. 

'Steenth Ward Jimmie. 

Jimmie the bum. 


Whiskey Jim. 

Old Soak 

Cell 99. 

Coroner's office — ''Unidentified." 

— Nevada Exchange. 


Which is Right 

Mayor Joyner, of Atlanta, Ga. : "Certainly, the city gov- 
ernment of Atlanta will enforce whatever laws are passed by 
the Legislature for the government of the cities of Georgia." 

Mayor Richardson, of Richmond, Va. : An executive 
officer should ignore the law passed by the Legislature for the 
government of the cities of Virginia if 'in his opinion' it would 
be unwise to enforce it 

The Idea holds that the Mayor of Atlanta is exactly right 
and the Mayor of Richmond exactly wrong. Both Mayors are 
sworn to enforce all the State laws. The Mayor of Atlanta 
says he'll live up to his oath. The Mayor of Richmond says 
he won't. 

The Idea has shown Mayor Richardson that State laws are" 
continually vi6lated with the sanction of his police department 
and he has refused to correct the evil. He knows of the red- 

The Idea. . % 

light evil. He knows of the wliiskcy-.sclliiig-on-SiiiKlav evil in 
the rod light district, and he says he'll "control," hut won't 
pay any attention to the State law wliicli demands tliat he 
5;np]'»res.'S it. 


Idea boys are making as high as three dollars a week sell- 
ing the paper on Saturdays. The West End has not yet heen 
covered by the boys and parents desiring their boys to leara 
to earn their own living could do well to send them to one of 
the three places mentioned below to sell Ideas on Saturday 

Ideas will cost the boys 3 cents a copy in advance, but 
clean copies not sold may be returned at any time up to the 
Monday following at 6 P. M. Get your boy to canvass in his 
neighborhood and then get himself a line of regular customers. 
In this way he will be assured a regular income each week. 

We have on hand a few sample copies which will be dis- 
tributed to those boys who come to The Idea office on Monday 
to get them. These can be used to give away in order to work 
up a regular route. One energetic boy has worked up a route 
so large that he has had to give half of it to another boy. 

Ideas will be on sale every Saturday morning at 6 o'clock at 

The Idea office, 904 Capitol street. 

The Model ISTews Company, 517 West Broad street. 

The Jefferson Pressing Club, 2225 East Clay. 

Boys can also make money by going to the various shops 
and factories at the Saturdav noon hour and at closinir time. 


"But, sonny, you can always be a sportsman, whatever you 
do. A sportsman does things because he likes them, Bobby ; 
for no other reason — not for money, nor to become famous — 

10 The Idea. 

not even to win — although all these things may come to him^ 
and it is quite right that he take them and enjoy them. Only 
he does not do the things for them, but for the pleasure of 
doing. And a right man does not get pleasure in doing a 
thing if in any way he takes an unfair advantage. That's be- 
ing a sportsman, and, after all, that's all I can teach you if we 
hunt together ten years. 

"There's only one other thing that's really important and it 
isn't necessary if you remember the other things I've told you. 
It's pretty easy sometimes to do a thing because you see every- 
body else doing it. Always remember that a true sportsman, 
in every way, is about the scarcest thing they make — and the 
finest. So naturally the common run of people don't live up 
to it. If you, not the thinking you, nor even the conscience 
you, but the way-down-deep-in-your-heart you that you can't 
trick nor lie to — if that you is satisfied, it's all right." He 
turned and grinned humorously at his small companion. "I've 
nothing but a little income and an old horse and two dogs and 
a few friends, Bobby. I've lived thirty years in that little 
place there, and a great many excellent people call me a 
good-for-nothing old loafer. But I've learned the things I'm 
telling you now, and I'm just conceited and stuck up enough 
to think I've made a howling success of it." 

The above was clipped from "The Hole in the Cap," which 
appeared in the August number of The American Magazine. 
We've read it over three or four times and it's worth your 
reading over. So just go back and read that over — why don't 
you go on and do it? 

The Idea is not published "for money nor to become 
famous, nor even to win," but because of "the pleasure of 
doing" a duty, though it oftentimes has its disagreeable side. 
Its pretty hard sometimes to do it because you see everybody 
else doing something else. But that you is satisfied and '^it'^ 
all right." And the editor is "just conceited and stuck up 
enough to think he's made a howling success of it," even if he 
loses money at it or fails to accomplish what he planned and 
hoped for. 

The I dea. 11 


Some two weeks ago the papers had long articles charging 
that the work on the settling basin, which the Superintendent 
of Water estimated to cost about $20,000, could be done^ ac- 
cording to the City Engineer's figures, for about $5,000. 

Superintendent Davis, when seen by The Idea reporter, 
stated that the papers had bungled the whole affair, and that 
on his statement, in reply to a question, that about $15,000 
worth of the work could be put off for the present, the council 
cut down the appropriation by about that sum. The Idea 
made mention of this matter in the last number and based its 
remarks on the newspaper reports of the date of going to press. 

The Idea did not mention Mr. Davis, but did censure the 
water committee for asking for a large appropriation, and while 
the newspaper report on which our stricture was based was 
erroneous, still Tpie Idea would continue to censure Mr. Mills' 
committee for asking for $20,000 when, on inquiry, it is found 
that it is by no means necessary or wise to expend so nnu-h at 
this time. 

A Live Letter From The 
West End 

Richmond, Va., September 15, lyO'J. 
Editor Idea, City : 

My Dear Sir — As one of your constant readers and ad- 
mirers I wish to congratulate you for the manner in which 
you are enlightening the tax payers of this city as to what be- 
comes of their money after it is paid into the Treasurer'si 
office. One item in particular has startled the people in my 
section — that of the engineer's department, l^ow, Mr. Editor, 
I see by The Times-Dispatch that our Engineer wants to build 

12 The I dea . 

a driveway from Gamble's Hill Park to Bjrd Park, which 
certainly would cost a pile of my money. I do not object to 
any improvement that mil improve our beautiful city, but I 
do think that our Engineer could recommend far more impor- 
tant improvements than the driveway. There are streets in 
the AVest End of the city, annexed territory, that are in a hor- 
rible condition. The tax payers have to keep their windows 
down day and night to keep the dirt out of their homes; they 
cannot sit on their porches on account of dust kicked up by 
passing automobiles. Then we have no sewerage, water, gas 
or electric lights, nor any other improvement whatever. Con- 
ditions are far worse than when we were in the county, and 
after a short rain when you return to your home at night you 
grope your way home in the darkness on a two-foot cinder 
l^ath, and if you are not very careful you will walk out of the 
■path in mud over your shoe tops. These conditions exist west 
of the Boulevard on (^ary street, especially also the cross 
streets between Gary and Broad streets. The scavenger comes 
along at night very often before our people go to bed. Then 
every one in this section lias to go to bed or somewhere else 
besidp^^ the iroiit of the house, and still we have the million 
and half dollars to expend on annexed territory that cannot 
be spent under eighteen months; paying 4 per cent, on the 
bonds and receiving 3 per cent, from the banks on the same 
money. If our Gity Engineer wants to show the people that 
he can do things why not recommend to the council the pur- 
chasing of an extra hundred mules and carts and put several 
hundred idle men to work and grade these streets, put in 
sewerage, water and light for people who are paying for some- 
thing they are not getting. Then when these necessities are 
done it will be time enough to build a driveway and annex 

In conclusion I wish to say that we will mark for' slaugh- 
ter the members of the council from this ward who do not 
raise their voices to better conditions in this section, and the 
next set of councilmen that we elect will have to tell us what 
we may expect of them before we elect them. I hope the 
people of Richmond will rally to your support and keep The 
Idea alive. I think it would be a grand idea if the people of 

The 1 dea . 13 

this city would start a daily newspaper by popular subscrip- 
tion and get you to edit it. I will bead the list, taking $100 
worth of stock, and I wonld take ten times as much if I were 

if yon think it worth your while to pnblish this you can 
do so, or any part of it. 

Eespectfully yours, a suffering tax payer of Clay Ward 
annexed, - Charles H. Bull. 

Henrico county is now working on' the Cary Street Koad 
from the city limits to the Three -Chop Road. jSTow why 
don't Mr. Boiling recommend to our council to commence 
from the city line and put in sewerage, water aiul light and 
grade this street on into the city so that when the county 
finishes its road to the city limits the whole job will be done 
with. This looks to me more like a business-like proposition 
than building the roadway above mentioned. C. H. B., 

3224 West Cary street. 

Richmond, Va., August 30, 1909. 
Editor, "The Idea \" 

I would like to call the attenton of your readers ro the 
fact of how well the recent very illuminating disclosures of 
the infamous rulings of our local courts corroberates the con- 
tention of the socialists, that the whole judicial system, in the 
United States, from the great immaculate nine (?), constitut- 
ing the Supreme Court, down to the most insignificant cor- 
poration tribunal, are, with few^ exceptions, used as instru- 
ments in the hands of the cunning and unscruplous ; not for 
their own protection and aggrandizement alone, but to crush 
all who dare opjiose or thwarr them. 

And not only are the judiciary corrupted, but all other 
functions of the machinery of government are being prosti- 
tuted to the private uses of the financial pirates, who are 
thereby enriching themselves by despoiling the masses — legally ! 
And in the face of this stupendious fact, the press of -our 
country stands hushed and the pulpit mute.. Why? 

Read Socialist literature and find out. 

Very truly, 

B. ]\r. BUTTOX. 



HIS little ad is just to tell you that 
we have gotten a MOVE on us 
and gone into better quarters at 


We are dealers in New and Second-hand 

Furniture, Stoves, Mattresses, Rugs and Refrigerators 


Phone 6165 (Used to be 507i N. 6th) Now 218 W. Broad 


Ripe and Mellow 


VI |\| I— ■ Ct r\. t^K for pickling or family use. 

* * ^ iiM^i iT^ Makes life worth living. 

Made by Nature's Own Process 





Grocer and Feed Dealer 

HI^HBiMB^HMHBH) ■■■■■■■ ^■^^■■■■B fli^BHBBHBBIHBa 

806 TO 816 BROOK Ave. Phone, Madison 1086 

Phone Monroe 427 
when you want the 
very best HOMER 
SQUABS obtainable, 
get them from ATKINS SQUAB COMPANY. 

The Largest Squab Plant in the City 

Mated Homers for sale. Address 


1418-1418^ W. Beverly St., RICHMOND, VA. 

More and more Uie man of means and leisure is making his 
liome by following the seasons in their courses. 

crf^''iV'^^.l'^,^^^n^\u^^'' "^"f'"^ °^^''' i^ g'^vi"^ constantly in- 
tieas,ed thought to the great problems of travel until now 
our^command of climate is almost equal to that'of the swal 

cit?^,,' America, like Europe, is realizing that a sudden tran- 
m^^tJH^^^^^'} e^tfemes of temperature is not wholesome, and 
pleasant pausing places are being increasingly called for 
This brings Into special notice that great climatiV r^^n^^o^ 

Glen Allen 


This charmuig spot with its improvements is now for sale 
with tne single exception of the publishing house and its im- 
mediate surroundings. 

Glen Allen is a pleasant country seat— a domain of park and 
torest, richly wooded yet close to the edge of Twentieth Cen- 
tury activities. It is twelve minutes from Richmond- three 
hours from Washington, and five and a half days from London. 

That Great Short Line which links the railroad systems of 
the North with those of the South is practically completed- and 
important results will follow this achievement. 

Six up-to-date roads have joined forces in this work, and 
the bold enterprise will dominate the development of that fer- 
tile region which extends from the Atlantic coast to the Valley 
of the Mississippi. 

The point of convergence from the entire South is Richmond: 
and the point of convergence from the North and West is 
Washington. Glen Allen is on the short link which unites 
these two vast systems, and Glen Allen is beyond comparison 
the most eligible spot on that link for a splendid development. 

The place is 'dotted with pretty villas, and has eight or 
nine miles of private avenues and shady sequestered lanes. 
Thousands of travelers pass Glen Allen daily, many of them 
describing it as the Deer Park, from the herds of half-tamed 
deer which roam over its ample grounds, and which maj- be 
seen from the car windows for a mile or more. 

Glen Allen is the seat of Forest Lodge, which is a spacious 
mansion of a hundred rooms, furnished and equipped through- 
out, and situated in a beautiful Park fronting the railway 

A full description will be mailed on request by the owner. 
CAPTAIN CUSSONS, Glen Alien, Virginia. 


nth and Broad Streets 

Phone, Madison 4034 


Peomptness is our Long Suit. 


Your last winter's suit needs looking after. We will fix it up to look as good 
as new at very low cost. 

Another "Idea!" We will keep the cost ol that new suit in your pocket. \y 

y\ TV 

.^ We do the best work that can be done ; there are no better workmen ^^. 

A in ihe city than ours. f) 



^ nth and Broad Streets Phone. Madison 4034 ^ 

(\ Pkomptness is our Long Suit. (j^ 

WE SELL and Guarantee 

The New Columbia 
Champion Refrig= 
erators, New Pro= 
cess Qas Ranges, 
McDougall Kitchen 

And Everything in Reliable 

rurnilureandrioor Coverings 

JONES BROS. & CO., Inc. 

1418=1420 E. Main St., Richmond, Va. 

Zhc Corset Sbop 



ADE to order Custom Corsets must tit. Madume Hynd's 

make eut to the human form, lallies exactly with the tape; 

meets it measure by measure. AT THE CORSET SHOP, 

personal differences are noted, adaptation made certam. 

II Madame Hynd's malie doesn't serve your needs alteration is 

made to measure. Our work suit-; your taste, because it is cut and 

designed to actual measurements. 

A VARIETY OF MAKES otter choice in styles. 
Comfort depends on accuracy of fit, and tlie wear of a coreet 
depends largely on perfect adaptation. It holds to design longer for 
true fitting Careful study of each form and just appreciat on of in- 
dividual style aids taste, improves comfort and makes fit a matter 
of certainty. 


317 N. Fifth Street 






Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk 
Paving, Halls, Vestibules, Basements, &c. 

The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twentyyears, b?J 
and he takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work [L)) 
and straight forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled. t^/ 

Monday, Oct. 4th 









Presenting a Magnificent Program of Popular and Classical Selections 


Box Office Now Open at Academy of Music 





Vol. Ill Oct. 9, 1909 No. 19 

$2.00 A YEAR 







For Sale Ai AM News Stands 

Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 

If A Man Loves A Woman If A Woman Loves A Man 
That's His Business That's Her Business 

Cleaning and Dyeing 

That's My Business 

Jefferson Chemical Cleaning and Dyeing Works 

ALFRED L. WALTON, JR., Proprietor 

Pants Pressed, 5c. Per Leg, Seats Free 
If looking for High-Grade Work and 
Quick Service, this is the place 

My Work, My Recommendation 

2225 EAST CLAY STREET Phone, Madison 6030 

The Greatest American 


Invented the Phonograph, and the 
Edison Machine is recognized as the 
Sweetest Toned of all such Instru- 
ments. All of Edison's Records 
and Machines are on sale in Rich- 
mond on easy terms at 603 East 
Main Street. 


Phone Madison 6227 The Edison Phonograph 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill OCTOBER 9, 1909 No. 19 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Yeab 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mail matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond, Va. 


Contractor Guilty 

In this number can be seen several cuts showing the weak 
foundations on which the High School has been built. These 
cuts are reproductions from photographs taken on October 1st. 
Cut 1^0. 1 shows a large section of concrete work which has 
not been laid according to specifications. 

In the first place the cut shows a perfect network of holes. 
This is caused by the failure to put in enough cement. Instead 
of having a certain per cent, of cement and a certain per cent, 
of sand and a certain per cent, of gravel or broken stone, the 
contractor has put in in places almost 100 per cent, of gravel. 
In some places in these walls there was not enough cement 
placed to hold the gravel in place, even temporarily, as Avill be 
seen in Cut N^o. 4. 

This Cut No. 4 is from a photograph taken from within 
a room in the basement, looking up and out at the concrete 

2 T h e I d e a . 

work around the window frame. The arrow points at a place 
where a section of concrete ( ?) has fallen away for lack of 
cement. Two other photos made by the editor, who is green 
at such work, were spoiled from over-exposure. These shoAved 
the doorway leading from the basement hall into the inner 
court and exposed a section several feet high where almost 
no cement had gotten in. 

No. 1. Sbowing weak walls due to lack of cement and of proper tamping in the 
foundation of the New High School. 

Cut ISTo. 1 also shows lines of contact between layers of 
'cement which are not horizontal. If the concrete had been 
properly placed it would show horizontal lines, because it 
would have been tamped or beaten in. On the other hand 
it was simply dumped into place and not beaten down, and, 
therefore, is not compact and solid, as the specifications called 
for. Even where there is suflicient cement put in it is neces- 
sary to tamp the concrete. It is much more necessary to tamp 
it when the cement is lacking, as it was in many places. As 
a result of this lack of tamping the walls are very materially 
weakened. The contractor not only saved in labor by not 
tamping, but he also saved in materials used, for tamping 

T h c I d e a . 3 

would, of course, pack the concrete and iIiih rc(juire more of 
it than the contractor saw fit to furnish. 

No. 2. Showing how the cement has patched up had flaws. 

Gut IsTo. 2 shows where patching has been done by mortar- 
ing over the bad places so that they would not show from the 
outside. Many of the worst places were so patched up that 
the extent of the weakness could not be seen. 

Cut 'No. 3 shows lack of cement in the walls about the 
windows, as does Cut ISTo. 4. These places are not being 
repaired, as some of the walls are, because the window frames 
and plastering will cover the defects here. 

Building Inspector Beck reported these weak walls at the 
time of his being put in control of public buildings as being 
not up to specifications. At that time the work had been 
-done on a large part of the building. On the remainder, how- 
ever, the inspector has seen to it that specifications were 

The Idea has repeatedly shown up the lax methods of 
•city management of expenditures, whereby the city gets 
^vorthless jobs and pays excessive prices for them. It is time 
that the citizens were demanding in no uncertain tones that 

4 The 1 dea. 

the city's affairs be run on a business-like basis, as are those 
governefl by commission. 

Xo. S. Showing section of wall 
at window casing with almost no 

No. 4. Showing where stone has 
fallen out, before building is com- 
plete, for lack of proper cement. 

Xotice in this number an article on The Des Moines Plan. 
In such a city the citizens "get 100 cents worth of value 
for each dollar expended." It is very doubtful if the citizens 
of Richmond get 05 cents of value for each dollar spent in 
any of the departments. 


"To be efficient is more difficult than to be good. The 
average citizen lionestly in favor of what he calls good govern- 
ment does not yet understand that there are an intelligence 
and efficiency as far beyond the reach of mere goodness as is 
business efficiency beyond the reach of mere good intention." — 
AUciis Efficicrif Dmtocracy. 

The Idea. 


City Pays For Stone Twice 

Some time ago The Idea had occasion to point out that 
the alley from Thirteenth to Fourteenth street, between Main 
and Franklin, had been torn np to place gas pipes almost im- 
mediately after it was put down. It now develops that this 
alley was paved in part with old spalls or stones, although 
the contract with the city called for new granite spalls. 

ISTow, these old stones, it is claimed by Mr. Selph, council- 
man from Jefferson Ward, are already the property of the city, 
and the city by accepting the job has not only gotten old stones 
while it paid for new ones, but these old stones which the 
citizens are paying for have already been paid for by them 
before — no one knows how many times. This not only 
shows crookedness on the part of contractors, but also shows 
laxity on the part of the Engineer's Department in not 
properly inspecting the work before paying the contractors. 

We would enquire what kind of inspecting is done, any 
how, that such open violation of contract is not seen by the 
city's representative. When such things occur the citizens 
have a right to think that the employees of the city must have 
seen the wrong and winked at it. 

It is because just such blunders as this are continually 
being made by the Engineer's Department that The Idea has 
charged that the engineer is incompetent to fill, the position. 
It matters not how much natural ability a man may have or 
how good a man he may be, if he cannot so attend to his work 
as to protect the citizens from such losses as this then it is 
high time the people were getting another man for the work. 

The contract for this paving called for granite "of uniform 
quality," "broken to proper sizes," "to have uniform upper 
surfaces, and in all respects like the average specimen stones 
at the engineer's office." It can thus be seen that no worn- 
out stones could be used according to the specifications, and 

6 T h e I d e a . 

jet the contractors have substituted in many places one-half 
the blocks of old, wornout stones discarded by the city and the 
city has paid for the work without a single protest from the 
City Engineer, who is charged with the duty of looking after 
the city's interests in such matters. 

In fact, the very specifications by which the paving is done 
provide the method to be adopted by the engineer in case of 
violation of the specifications. If the city is fooled out of 
thousands of dollars by the use of the wrong stones, right out 
where they can be seen, how many thousands of dollars do you 
suppose the city is faked out of by the failure of some con- 
tractors to provide sufficient depth of foundation work and 
sand for the same jobs ? 


Recently we had occasion to use the services of a notary 
public in connection with our application for the second-class 
mailing privilege, so on the way to the post-office we stopped 
in at the office of the first notary whose sign we saw, on Tenth 
street, and when the notary found that our call was in connec- 
tion with The Idea he, in a very curt and ungentlemanly 
manner, refused to do the work required, although he could 
have been compelled to do it, we are informed, because he was 
a duly commissioned representative of the State and could 
not let his personal ungentlemanly attitude affect his State 
duty to a citizen. 

There were other notaries convenient, however, and so we 
smiled and passed on to the corner, where we entered the 
American ISTational Bank Building and there accosted another 
notary, who very courteously fijied up our papers and on being 
asked the amount due him refused to make any charge for his 
services, but was glad to do that much by way of helping on 
the cause of good government and civic purity, for which The 
Idea has been standing. 

It is needless to sav that the last notary has already been 

T he I dca . 7 

paid, in a manner in which he may not luunv, for his gentle- 
manly courtesy and gratis services. 

Let the young folks ponder well these two little incidents 
and Imow that it always pays to be polite, even to those who 
do not think as you do. 

Let it also he learned that the forces of evil in any com- 
munity are so short-sighted as to do things which work to their 
own ultimate undoing. 

Don't fail to take advantage of the clean, high-class amuse- 
ments offered by the Radcliffe Concert Course at the Academy 
of Music during the present season. 


Preacher Declares That Too Frequently They Are 
Undesirable Citizens 

Chicago^ Sept. 28. — An attack on the liquor industry by 
Eev. Joseph H. Crooker, of Boston, president of the Unitarian 
Temperance Society, a denunciation of high churchmen and a 
plea for a fund of $100,000 to further the work of the Unita- 
rian Sunday School Society, were features of the second 
session of the Unitarian Church Conference to-day. 

"Conquer the drink habit," said Rev. Crooker, "is to con- 
serve the greatest of our national resources — manhood.'' 

Rev. W. Peck, president of the Unitarian Fellowship for 
Social Justice, assailed high churchmen. "Too frequently," he 
said, "is it found that the betrayers of trust, the tyrants of 
industrialism, the 'undesirable citizens' are men high in the 
churches. The iniquities of society are not the unaided deeds 
of debased or repulsive creatures, but rather the acts of respect- 
able business men who conceal themselves behind the base tool 
of their will. 

8 The I dea. 

"The vicious dualism of the secular and the sacred, the 
divorcing of religion and business, the separating of worship 
and service must end in this country." 

The Idea prints the above clipping because it has dis- 
covered that the greatest enmity to its efforts at rectifying evils 
comes from men high up — "respectable business men who con- 
ceal themselves behind the base tools of their will." Jesus 
found that His greatest enemies were respectable business men 
high up in the councils of the Church, and from that day to 
this all reforms have been accomplished in the face of the most 
cruel opposition of men whose cry is, "It will hurt our busi- 
ness." Let business men know that however high their posi- 
tion in the Church, any business advantage gained at the 
expense of the morals of the nation or the community must 
ultimately work to their own damnation. 



Ever since The Idea began, three years ago, its one hobby 
has been "government by commission." During the present 
year government by commission has been growing in popu- 
larity not only all over Virginia, but all over the United 
States. Hardly a week passes without the adoption by some 
city of the Union of this modern, economical and common 
sense business plan of city administration. The cities of Colo- 
rado, Iowa, Kansas, Texas and Massachusetts are falling over 
each other in their rapid adoption of the commission plan, as 
it is called. 

While The Idea is pointing out the evils of our ancient 
and expensive and extravagant and inefficient and graft- 
breeding system of government by ward heelers, it will from 
time to time not simply argue for a change, but will detail the 
plans which other cities have adopted. 

Ward politicians are continually making the statement 

The I (lea. 1) 

that there is no desire on the part of the; citizens to have a 
change in the form of government. This is by no means true. 
On inquiring of the citizens of Richmond there is found 
an almost universal demand that Richmond adopt the plan of 
government by commission. Read elsevs^here in this number 
the statements concerning government by commission made 
before the League of American Municipalities at Omaha, Xeb.. 
last year. 


John MacVicar of Des Moines, Iowa, on Govern- 
ment by Commission 

It is said, with truth, under whatever form of government 
a city is being conducted, the right kind of men must be 
elected if results are to be had. In my judgment, under the 
Des Moines plan of so-called commission government, the 
people can more readily discriminate in the selection of their 
officials and more competent men are more liable to be selected. 
Under this plan of government the people will have no 
difficulty in fixing the responsibility .and the councilman who 
is superintendent of any department must account directly to 
the people for the conduct of that department. The paying 
of salaries to these officials requiring their entire time, the 
selection of the officials at large, and without regard to ward 
lines, the elimination of partisan politics and non-partisan 
election, together with the centering of responsibility, must 
get results that could not be had under the usual form of Mayor 
and Council, with its divided responsibility. 

We have been operating under this plan in Des Moines for 
six months, and as an official who has served as Mayor for five 
years, under the the Mayor and ward Council plan, I have to 
say that there is no comparison possible between the two 
methods. Under this plan the business of the city is disposed 
of promptly and intelligently. Daily meetings of the council 
result in the members being in touch with the entire city work, 

10 The I dea . 

and giving their entire time to its conduct prompt and effective- 
results are obtained. In my judgment the governing of cities 
by small bodies of men, elected at large, and paid adequate 
salaries, will be the prevailing system in the near future. In 
other words, a city's business will be conducted by men trained 
to and compensated for the work. 


The Idea desires to extend its greeting to The Jewish 
Record, a weekly magazine, the first number of which appeared 
under date of September 19th. 

Unlike many, The Idea is sincerely glad to see the Jew 
take part in all the activities of life, because The Idea is 
extremely desirous that Jewish ideals, as exemplified in their 
laws of health and sanitation, shall exert their j^roper good 
influence on our modern civilization. All hail to the Jewish 
race, to whom America and all modern civilizations are in- 
debted more than they are willing to admit. 

We earnestly hope that The Jeivisli Record may occupy 
the same position for betterment to the community in which 
it circulates that Jewish teachings occupy to the nations of the 


If what the papers say be true then there is certainly 
somebody connected with the city who is a party to the crime 
of cheating the city in connection with the purchase of chairs 
for the High School Aiiditorium. 

Everybody knows that such a bold thing would not be 
attempted if the sellers did not know that there was such a 
loose system of purchasing that they stood small chance of 
being detected. 

The method of stealing from Richmond tax-payers must 
be pretty well understood by the grafters when they'll resort 
to stealing a sample chair and replacing it with another of 
inferior quality. 

The Idea. IT 

ISTo such deeds would lio done if Richmond did not have 
such a buriglesome system of buying as to give great confidence 
to thieves that all would be AvelL 

The fact is, no one will ever be able to adequately estimate 
the amount of graft there has been going on in connection 
with the High School Building. 

Let the manufacturers deliver the chairs ordered and let 
the School Board see to it that no concessions are made to 
those who are caught red-handed. The citizens of Richmond 
are getting tired of paying for things they don't get. But 
they'll have to keep on at it until the city adopts the commis- 
sion form of government. 

It enn be safely relied on, however, that the present council, 
elected by the old ward system machine, will never favor a 
change that will break up their power. 

The citizens will have to act over the heads of councilmen. 

Dear Sir — The following were open and doing business 
Sunday, October 3, 1909: 

1404 East Main. 

Corner of Seventh and Main. 

Corner of Seventh and Main. 

Between Second and First on Main. 

Between Bank and Franklin. ]Srinth. 

Elkington's, on Broad. 

ISText to Richmond ISTews Company. 

"Murphy's" Cigar Store (hotel). 

About six other places I can't remember. 

Can't you make some mention of this in your next issue ?' 
The police need waking up, and The Idea is the medium 
which can mak^ them sit up and beg. 

Yours verv trulv. H. G. Carlisle. 

A letter has just been received from J^orfolk begging that 
The Idea undertake its work also in that city. 

Calls are continually coming to us to extend our sphere 
of labor, but to them the reply must be made that the d'e- 

\2 The 1 dea. 

maud for the endeavors of this paper is too great and the field 
of labor here too broad to attempt to add any new fields. The 
Idea hopes in time to become a genuine State magazine with 
a staff of prominent writers and forceful and diligent workers 
for the common good. Virginia, with its State-wide political 
corruption, presents a vast and undiscovered field of operation, 
and The Idea plans to enter it and send out from Richmond 
each week a j)aper whose influence shall be cast for the better- 
ment of conditions in Virginia, and whose influence shall be 
ever used for the purifying of polities and the uplifting of 
manhood in the Old Dominion. 


Remarkable Showing Made In The Begeneration 
of Paterson, N. J. 

The city of Paterson, IST. J., has suffered so much in recent 
years from bad government, from fires and from a largely 
undeserved reproach of being a headquarters of criminal 
anarchy, that it is gratifying to find it now making a far more 
lavorable record, which, indeed, might well cause the silk city 
to be an object of envy to many more pretentious municipalities. 

The report of the Mayor for the last fiscal year makes a 
really remarkable showing. For the eighteen years imme- 
diately preceding the last two years there was invariably a 
deficit in the city's accounts at the end of ^ach fiscal year. 
But the year before last that dismal rule was broken with a 
small surplus, and last year the surplus was the largest in the 
city's history, although all bills had been paid and there had 
been exceptionally large appropriations for public works of 
various kinds. There were also large payments on the public 
debt, so that while $300,000 of school and street improvement 
bonds were issued, the net bonded debt was decreased bv 

The I dea. 1» 

$88,000 and the flouting debt by $224,000, and tlu; yearly 
interest charge was reduced by more than lY per cent. 

All this was accomplished without increase of taxation. 
On the contrary, for the ensuing year the tax rate has been 
materially reduced, an achievement which may not be rivaled 
by any other city in the State. The secret of it all is that 
taxes have been thoroughly and promptly collected, needless 
expenses have been avoided, and the whole city government 
has been conducted in an economical, as well as a highly efficient, 
manner. Thus a considerable block of municipal bonds were 
paid off during the year v^ith money saved in the various de- 
partments, and at the same time the general testimony was 
that the departments were more efficiently conducted than ever 

Much credit for this connnendable state of affairs is justly 
to be given to the Mayor and his lieutenants and to the various 
commissions who have been directing the city; for it will be 
recalled that Pater son is one of those cities which have revolted 
against aldermanic inefficiency and corruption and have adopt- 
ed the system of government by commission. But we should 
probably give the chief credit after' all to the aroused and 
aggressive public sentiment which made itself felt at the polls 
and thus brought about this municipal revolution. — New York 


As an executive, his Honor, the Mayor is a distinct failure. 
Not so much perhaps does he lack as the system of which he 
is part. If we are determined to preserve the triune form of 
governmental machinery, no misfits can be allowed. Each 
department must be effectual in itself. As prime administra- 
tor, the Mayor is a front and head piece of the machine. As 
to the courts and the legislative machinery, he should keep 
his hands to himself. The law-makers need not necessarily 
be composed of two houses. A wholesome and guarded veto 
power should rest in the chief executive. 

The situation should never be too large for him to sit upon 
when need calls, unless, perhaps, he does so in usurpation. 

14 The I dea. 

If check must be applied, it should come from a hand strength- 
ened by law and nerved by right. The judiciary element 
should be set apart from all legislative and executive func- 
tion. Reform in the present condition might be made to 
serve valuable purpose ad interim. But, as a fact well settled 
in the minds of us all, municipalities are better governed after 
corporation models. The models must be worth copying and 
■executive details must be honestly placed and correctly ad- 
ministered. In the municipality there is no need for a con- 
gress, a bench of justices and a frontispiece administrator. 
There are methods broadly based on sound experimental 
practice that can be copied into any city code and checked 
.at intervals wherever legal safeguards are needful. Mere 
matters of detail come always after well defined principles 
are discovered and applied. A city is no longer a province, 
neither i-s it simply a chartered creature. It is an expres- 
sion of power applied to regiilation and control with direct 
action and all the municipal checks and balances that cor- 
poration experience has set by way of model for corporation 

The ordinance-making power is of the citizens. Executive 
functions are provided by civic employees from the body of 
the people themselves. We are the people and we are the 
law makers, the executives and the judiciary ourselves. It is 
for us to delegate amongst ourselves the details of functional 
activity. We are not rulers and ruled, we are not sovereigns 
and subjects, we are machines operating municipal business 
for the benefit of our citizens, and it is not for us to con- 
sider ofiicc, place, dignities, powers and functions as pri- 
vate property any longer. The day for that view has happily 
passed beyond us. 

Opportunities and powers of graft are misapplication. 
. They are not vested rights or even permissible privileges. 
We are not at any stage of municipal operation, more than 
servants commissioned by our public. We are not, invested 
with discretionary powers, except within distinct and care- 
fully delimited areas. 

Within limits thus broadly defined, it is possible to con- 
stitute and erect a machinery of government that will operate 

The I dea. 15 

automatically and correctly, with but narrow margins for 

Strict construction must be the rule of reading, and dutv 
must be the motive that underlies action, with punishment for 
its peril and safeguards thrown about every step of its progi-ess. 
The servants of the public are fiduciary agents and woe be 
to those who fail of their set responsibility. 


Ripe and Mellow 


\/ I 1^1 l^_ Cri X\ rx for pickh'ng or family use. 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^igj^i^^^^gg Makes life worth living. 

Made by Nature's Own Process 






Grocer and Feed Dealer 

806 TO 816 Brook Ave. Phone, Madison 1086 


Phone Monroe 427 
when you want the 
very best HOMER 
SQUABS obtainable, 
get them from ATKINS SQUAB COMPANY. 

The Largest Squab Plant in the City 

Mated Homers for sale. Address 


1418-1418^^ W. Beverly St., RICHMOND, VA. 


11th and Broad Streets Phone, Madison 4034 |? 

Promptness is our Long Suit. yy 



Your last winter's suit needs looking after. We will fix it up to look as good 
5 as new at very low cost. 

Another "Idea!" We will keep the cost of that new sviit in your pocket. 

We do the best work that can be done ; there are no better workmen 
in the city than ours. 



11th and Broad Streets Phone, Madison 4034 


Promptness is our Long Suit. 

For T{eliable 

AND HEATERS :-: :-: 



Cash or Credit 1418-1420 E. Main St. 



The French surpass us all as cleaners, and the arts 
of those masters of art applied to Clothes and Cover- 
ings, Draperies and Carpets make success certain at 


Suits are new after Steam and French System have 
done their work Only the gloss of new is gone. 
Garments of men, Draperies of dames, all sorts of 
stufls in Costumes Suits and Hangings are Dyed, 
Scoured, Bleached, Renovated in the hands of those 
who know and do. 

The Cost is Small Compared to the Effect 

arBBBaaaecag^BBaBBagaa ii , i aaa^gaa 


A. H. EWINQ i 





Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk 
Paving, Halls, Vestibules, Basements, &c. 

PHONE 1821 

vTW The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, 
and he takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work 
vTW and straight forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled. 





EGULARLY to you at your home or office. It'll 
help the boy and you and The Idea. See? If the 
boys don't come yeur way. notify us or send 50 cents 
for a three months subscription or one dollar for six 
months or two dollars for a year. 



is booming. You'd better take advantage of it. 
Our sales from one station alone on Church 
Hill have increased in last month from 

600 UP TO 1,100 COPIES 

It's up to you. Call by the office or drop 
us a line for Ad. Rates. 






Vol. Ill 

Oct. 16, 1909 

No. 20 

$2.00 A YEAR 


For Sale Ai All News Stands 

Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St.. Richmond, Va. 




You'd better take advuntap^e of it. Our sales from one station 
alone on Cliurcli Hill Lave increased in la-t month from 

600 UP TO 1,100 COPIES 

It's up to you. Call by the ofl'iee or drop us a line for Ad Rates 



We have in our Fall Stock, and are 
showing' special (rood values in 


We invite your inspection 

— The Greatest American 


Invented the Phonograph, and the 
Edison Machine is recognized as the 
Sweetest Toned of all such Instru- 
ments. All of Edison's Records 
and Machines are on sale in Rich- 
mond on easy terms at 603 East 
Main Street. 


Phone Madison 6227 The Edison Phonograph 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill OCTOBER 16, 1909 No. 20 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Yeab 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Ya. 

Entered as second class mail matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond, Va. 


Justice John Encourages Crime 

Recently a policeman arrested, a negro on the charge of 
selling policy and brought into court a trunk full of policy 
paraphernalia, including hooks of signs, policy sheets and all 
the necessary equipment for carrying on the business. The 
evidence showed that the negro had in his hand at the time 
of his arrest the record sheets on which entries are made, and 
was sitting behind his desk used for that purpose, and yet 
Justice John dismissed the case for want of evidence. Many 
has been the time that poor people not of the vicious criminal 
class have been fined and insulted in this court on very slight 
evidence of infraction of some minor law, but when one of the 
most dangerous men in the community is caught with all 
manner of evidence of crime, the Justice sees fit, for reasons 
known only to himself and other interested few, to dismiss 
the case and let the criminal go free. The chief of police 
finds it almost impossible to break up the policy business, 
largely because when the crooks are caught they go free 

2 T h e I dea . 

through the kindness ( ?) of Justice John. We wonder what 
the nature of the connection is between the criminals and 
Justice John that the worst of them have such a pull. 

The ways of the politicians are indeed past finding out.. 

Public Offices Used For 
Private Gain 

Real Estate Men Improve Their Own Property At. 
The Expense of The Poor Taxpayer 


Loud and frequent have heen the complaints against cer- 
tain members of the city council for having their property 
improved while more needed improvements were neglected, 
around the properties of those who have paid taxes for even 
generations, but who could not get the needed improvements 
because they did not "stand in" or did not "bcve a pull" or- 
happened to be on unfriendly terms with certain crooked 

The attention of The Idea has been called to the fact- 
that two real estate concerns have very active councilmen as 
parties in their business, and that these concerns are doing 
fine business as a result of this fact. 

The firm of Pollard & Bagby has done a wonderful busi- 
ness in the past few years and those who know attribute it 
to the fact that Mr. Pollard is in the city council and is so 
shrewd and smooth tongued a councilman that he is popular 
not only with the bosses and slide and crooked members of the 
council, but also with the clean and honest members of that: 

The Idea. 5 

As a result of his influence in the council property owners 
naturally prefer to turn their rentals and sales over to his 
concern. A prospective seller of real estate will list his 
property with this concern because he knows that it will be 
to his advantage to have such a councilman as his agent, for 
the agent, desiring to increase his commissions on the sale, 
will use his influence to have the property improved so that it 
will command a better figure in the market and also be of 
easy sale. You know it is so easy to sell property if you can 
say that the city is spending money in that section — has laid 
new granolithic walks and has appropriated money for asphalt 
block roadway. 

Then an ad is seen in the paper — Pollard & Bagby sold 
such and such a property on yesterday at such and such a 
figure, being twice the price paid for the same property four 
years ago. 

Then perchance follows a description of the favored sec- 
tion, ]u-aising the streets, etc., but not a word is said to show 
that Mr. Pollard's influence as councilman was largely respon- 
sible for these im23rovements. 

As a result, however, the firm's business increases 
phenominally, as is shown by the boastful reports in the 
papers, and Pollard grows rich all because he is able to com- 
mand votes for his pet schemes in the council. 

ISTew patrons come to the concern because they see that 
the concern gets results. Very naturally the careful investor 
engages the powerful firm because he wants his property im- 
proved, and so we find that our old system of government by 
councilmen is not much more than a big grab game — each 
councilman trying to out do his neighbor in getting some irii- 
provement for his section. Go to the committee meetings and 
council meetings and you will be astounded to hear the city 
fathers of Richmond continually squabbling over where the 
money shall be spent, each little ^vard representative pulling 
for his section, or, if he can fool his constituents, helping the 
other fellow through with a "deal." 

This abuse of the people's trust has gotten so open that 
recently it has become a standing joke in the council and 
committee meetings to ask "what are you getting out of this ?" 

4 T h e I d e a . 

and to insinuate that the other fellow is getting more than his 
share of the graft. Men with the respect of their communities 
are parties to these base schemes and seem to regard it as a 
part of their legitimate pay to loot the people's treasury for 
their private gain. 

Just recently the firm of Green & Eedd conceived the plan 
of having the city pay for improving their property way out 
beyond Soldiers' Home. 

Lee Park is a land boom scheme out in this section, 
owned by Green & Redd, with acres and acres of unimproved 
open fields between it and the city proper and yet Mr. Green, 
of the real estate firm, and Mr. Pollard, another real estate 
man, both councilmen, appeared before the street committee 
of the council and publicly advised the committee to spend 
several thousand dollars of the people's money way out there 
in the country in opening up streets over the property of this 
private concern, and the committee voted the money on the 
flimsy pretext that if they did not open the streets now they 
might have to pay more later for damages if the grading was 
done after buildings were erected. They voted to spend the 
money of taxpayers who had paid for tens of years and gotten 
no improvements in order to save money for some possible 
future taxpayer, when the grade could easily be established 
now without spending $3,050 to improve the streets, and the 
property owners could have no recourse on the city if they 
ignored the city's established grade. 

!N'ow, the point is this: that favored interests can get 
their property improved, with city money, way out in the 
country, while unfavored, poor people, in almost the heart of 
the city, must wade in mud or dust for lack of a few" hundred 
dollars of necessary and long over-due improvements and pay 
high taxes for the benefit of country land booms. 

The annals of the council are filled with record's of private 
real estate graft games. It is no new thing for councilmen to 
buy up land and then rush through the council an expensive 
appropriation for its improvement. 

Any citizen who has watched the records of the city's legis- 
lative body can tell you who did it. The Idea is concerned 

T h e 1 d e a . *> 

only about the present and to show up those in present bad 
practice and to point the remedy in shearing these privileged 
parties of their power and in adopting a form of goverament 
which will eradicate this crooked work. 

Government by a paid council of five men, elected at large, 
not by wards, would insure the election of cleaner men and 
would make an effective and responsible and economical man- 
agement. This is the remedy other cities have tried and found 
excellent. Why should not Richmond try it also? If Rich- 
mond don't try it it will be because the politicians find they 
can't thrive under it. 

When the politicians don't want a thing it is time for the 
people to seriously consider it, for the chances are it is the 
thing to adopt. 


Grain Graft 

The grain gi-aft investigation now going on develops the 
fact that the engineering department has no method of check- 
ing the weight of grain delivered to the city, and if drivers 
or contractors desired to steal from the city it has been a very 
easy matter to do so; and in the matter of grain from Alvey 
it is certain that stealing has been goiiig on for years without 
any suspicion of it on the part of the city. 

Certainly no large private buyer would rely so implicitly 
on the honesty and integrity of others as to utterly ignore 
the need for checking up receipts. 

It appears from the investigation that the city pays for 
gi'ain on bills showing simply that the weighmaster had 
weighed so much grain without any assurance that the city 
ever actually got the goods. 

We wonder where these investigations will end, anyway. 
We suppose that this one will wind up like the most of them — 
perfect farces. 

'6 T h e I d e a . 

It looked rather incongi-uous to see Gilbert Pollock pre- 
siding over the investigation into the grain theft. 

The Idea, for one, does not hesitate to say that it thinks 
he needs to be investigated as much as those over whom he 
sat as chief investigator. 


Though no day has been set for the suit entered by Clyde 
W. Saunders against The Idea and its printers, still it cannot 
■come up for trial before some time in January, and may not 
come up then. 


Who is Mayor? 

Those citizens who missed seeing ''The Man of the Hour" 
at the Academy recently lost a most valuable opportunity of 
learning the manner in which they are betrayed. It was the 
most instructive sermon to the taxpayers we have ever heard 
and it is a matter of regret that more of them were not 
present. To see the play is to understand why Pollock and 
Leaman and Saunders are so "interested" in city politics ; 
why Mayor Richardson thinks he can't enforce the law; why 
Justice Crutchfield does not give justice, and why contracts 
are let to the highest bidder. 

It was a fine piece of work to see, when the political boss, 
who was sending an order to the police, who were subser- 
vient to him, was forcefully informed by the Mayor that he 
— the mayor — was the head of the police department and the 
police would do his bidding. 

What a pity the Mayor of Richmond is not big enough to 
show the crooks and politicians that he is Mayor and that he 
is the head of the police department and that he will see to 
it that the laws are enforced. 

The Idea. 7 

It is a very pertinent question to ask is Mayor Richardson 
really Mayor or is he just a figure-head, and if he don't do 
his duty to enforce the law who is the man behind who does 
direct the workings of the police department! 

One thing dead sure, the laws of the State are utterly 
ignored in Eichmond and Mayor Richardson, who has taken 
an oath to the State to enforce them, is responsible for the 


McCarthy proposed 

The enemies of the commission plan have thrown cold 
water on the proposition by suggesting that Justice John be 
one of the commissioners. 

This is nothing but a scheme to kill the idea of commission 
government, for every one knows that even the proposal of 
such an event would bring the plan into disfavor. There are 
a host of good men whom Richmond could draft into service 
and honor herself by the act. 

The Idea will name three who are already in public life, 
though Richmond should select from private life strong, able, 
experienced men of large affairs to hold such important posi- 

Carlton McCarthy, by all means, should be one, as he is 
the best equipped man in the State for such a position. As 
Mayor he could accomplish little; as commissioner he could 
work wonders. His experience, his integrity, his fearlessness, 
and his natural ability mark him as the one man to head 
such a commission. 

Commissioner of Revenue Hawkins would make another, 
and even Mayor Richardson, though he has not yet the proper 
respect for law, might make another good commissioner. 

Five such men of integrity could work a revolution in 
"Richmond, and it is high time that such a change were made. 

8 The Idea. 

It is even argued that five weaklings — even the worst that 
could be found — would do better than fifty-six men, because 
of the one big gain — individual responsibility. As it is, no 
one knows who the responsible parties are. The bills all go 
through so many committees and sub-committees that the crook 
gets in his dirty work, but no one can trace it to the particular 
crook without spending a lifetime in watching. 

A Public Nuisance 

The Idea would enquire why the Virginia-Carolina 
Chemical Company is permitted to operate, unhindered, a 
nuisance in the city of Richmond, while an ordinary citizen 
would be jailed for the same offence. Almost any morning 
when the wind is from the right quarter an over-powering 
odor ascends up to Capitol Square and swee^DS over the residence 
section of the city to the unspeakable insult of the olfactory 
nerves of thousands of citizens. Still the Chemical Company, 
from whence the foul incense emenates, continues to operate 
without molestation, while visitors to the city wander out of 
the hotels and enquire where the health department is. 

It is certainly up to somebody to abate this nuisance. 

What has the Chemical Company done for the police de- 
partment that they do not arrest the wealthy operators ? 


What has become of the street cleaning department ? Up 
to recently they had been doing fairly well, but a change has 
taken place. Has the fund for this purpose been exhausted ? 
Certain it is that the city is not having its streets cleaned as 
of yore. And when the sweepers do get started the sprinkler 
has gone on so long before that the streets are dry and the 

The Idea. 9 

disagreeable and imhealthy dust is as bad as leaving the 
debris in the streets. 

The city operates an intermittent sprinkler where a better 
service is needed. 

The Idea is compiling a list of names of the ov^^ners of 
houses in the red light district and vs^ill publish these shortly 
and show up the men who are worse than the low inmates of 
these places, some of whom are there as a result of ignorance 
and misfortune. 

The owners, on the other hand, are much greater criminals, 
in that they carry on their nefarious trade in immorality 
through knowledge and fortune and greed. 


Those who really think The Times-DisiMtch is a real, 
"sho-nuff" newspaper would do well sometimes in their search 
for the news which the "Supreme in Virginia" fails to give 
them, to compare the press dispatches of some out of the State 
paper with those of the Richmond morning daily. 

Just recently when the League of Virginia Municipalities 
convened in Staunton The Times-Dispatch gave such a limited 
and abbreviated report of the first day's proceedings that 
Richmond people interested in the convention bought The 
Washington Post in order to get the news, and there found a 
fine account of the meeting of the night before which the 
"Supreme" had not even mentioned. It looks as though The 
Times-Dispatch correspondent mailed his little article from 
Staunton and since the mails are slower than the telegraphy 
which other papers use, the correspondent had to go to the 
post-office before the night meeting was held. 

If you want the Virginia news you'll hardly get it from 
the paper that boasts its supremacy. On the other hand, if 

10 T h e I d e a . 

you'll send out of the State for it you may find out wliat; is 
going on in Virginia. 


The Editor to Speak 

The editor of The Idea lias been importuned to speak on 
many occasions recently, both in Richmond and in other cities, 
but all such invitations he has felt it his duty to decline, 
because of his lack of ability as a speaker and his lack of 
time from more important work. 

The Christ Church Association on Venable street has in- 
sisted on a talk to men at the Association Hall on Thursday, 
October 21st, at 8 o'clock, and as the "aim is to institute a 
spirit of reform along certain lines of public interest," aiid 
as the editor is anxious to do all he can to bring about a state 
of respect for, and enforcement of, law he has finally c-n- 
sented to speak on that occasion. 

Then, too, he thinks that if he shows how poor a speaker 
he is he won't be worried with so many invitations to talk. 

Some complaints are made that carriers fail to deliver 
The Idea to regular buyers. This is due to the fact that cer- 
tain employees of some of the daily papers have done, and are 
doing, all they can to hnrt the business of The Idea by means 
fair or foul, and unless you are getting good service as it is, 
it would be well to have The Idea mailed to you regularly. 
This can be easily arranged by seeing The Idea man at 904 
Capitol street, or mailing your subscription to The Idea, 
Richmond, Va. Rates are $2.00 a year or $1.00 for six 
months. When you miss a number it's always the one you 
wanted to see. 

The. idea. 11 


A member of the Committee on Streets informs us that the 
contractor, who paved the alley, as told in the last number 
of The IdeAj with old city block, while the city paid him for 
new block, had a perfect right to do this, for, said the commit- 
teeman, he told the contractor he might use the old city block. 

And what do you think of that ? A committeeman telling 
a contractor it would be all right to give the city its own old 
stone in place of new ones which the taxpayer is paying for. 
My ! what will happen next ? The Idea proposes to turn on the 
light and let the citizens see where their money goes. AVill the 
people stand for any such deal as this ? The Idea calls this Rot- 
ten Dealing. Even if the blocks were good as new, and they 
were not, why should you and I pay for them twice ? 


President Taft, in his California utterances, frankly voices 
his adhesion to the Eosveltian policies, of amendment and 
reform. Everywhere in the country he finds sigTis of an on- 
coming prosperity that promises business enterprise and 
expansion never before seen in this country. But he warns 
us of accompanying responsibilities and duties we may not 
disregard. For himself, he freely accepts the obligation of law 
enforcement, and counsels us all of the need and duty of hold- 
ing ourselves and our representatives to that obligation. 
Under laws that shall clinch the progress made we may expect 
permanent' betterment, he preaches, and the general law of the 
United States can be relied upon to check those abuses of 
power that have been incontinently seized upon by accumula- 
tions of capital. 

"It is to the people," he teaches, "we must look for enforce- 

Summing up at Dunsmuir, Cal., Monday, the President 
said: "Select your representatives and have them know you 
are watching them in Congress, and see that they follow the 
law of enforcement." 

12 The I dea . 


"'No. ISTo. I must say never." 
And turns her graceful head. 

"And we must part forever?" 

Then these last words were said- 

"Love lives tho duty sever 
And I will love tho dead." 

Out in the cold, cold night, 

Out on the hills of God 
I'm wandering away from the brightness of day 

To sleep my long sleep 'neath the sod. 

Out in the black, black night, 

Out in the darkness alone. 
And never a bed where to lay down my head, 

And never a pillow but stone. 

Out in the drear, drear night, 

For the moon has hidden her face. 
And the stars that were mine have now ceased to shine, 

And the stars have taken their place. 

And oh that a sound I might hear; 

A voice to awaken my gloom 
Or a fain gleam of light to scatter my night 

And wrest my sad heart from the tomb. 

But never, never, never. 

Beats my weary soul, 
As ever, ever, ever, the endless ages roll. 

And naught my bonds can sever, 

And naught my life console. 


Will be the subject of a forceful article in next week's 
Idea. It'll be worth reading, for the responsible parties will 
be exposed in an Ideal way. 

The I dea. 13 


Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander M. Lochwitzky, foi-uicrly of 
the Russian Im perial ^Var Office, and political exile from his 
native country, Doctor of Laws of an American University and 
lecturer of national prominence will speak to tlie men of Rich- 
mond at Christ Church Association on Venable St., next 
Thursday night at 8 o'clock. 

Office of the President, Stanford Univ., Cal. 
Lt.-Col. A. M. Lochwitzky, San Francisco, C'lh ' 

Dear Sir: Permit me to express to you our great pleasure 
in listening to the most interesting and thrilling i-tory of your 
experiences in Russia and Saghalien as given in your lecture 
at the University on Thursday night. The story was not only 
intensely thrilling and admirably told, but ga^x^ a vivid idea 
of the viciousness of Russian officialism which one coald obtain 
in scarcely any other way. It was as though a prisoner of the 
Bastile had escaped in the time of the French Revolution, and 
was telling his story to sympathizing friends, who had never 
known anything but freedom. — Very truly yours, David S. 

The thrilling story of his own life, encompassed by so many 
dangers and narrow escapes, is marvelous. The story of his 
heroic life is itself a sermon on loyalty to duty and utmost con- 
fidence in the supreme and all-powerful God.- — C. S. Osbourn, 
Y. M. C. A., Washington and Lee University. 


"Under the wide and starry sky. 
Dig the grave and let me lie — 
Grlad did I live and gladly die, 
And laid me down with a will. 

This be the verse you grave for me — 
Here he lies where he longed to be, 
Home is the sailor, home from the sea 
And the hunter home from the hill." 
(Verses on the tomb of Robt. Louis Stevenson written by 

14 T h e I de a . 

Taxation without representation is an injustice to the in- 
dividual and community. Representation without taxation is 
a festering sore in the breast of the State. Tax all Church 
and college property. They receive police and fire protection. 

''Just let this thought sorter sink into your soul: The 
Mummy ain't had no fun in moren five thousand years." — 
Sagebush Philosophy. 

An advertsing medium which is second to none in the city 
of Richmond. This little magazine is read, preserved and 
passed along. 

For special contract rates communicate with The Idea^ 
Richmond, Va. 

Let us Avrite your ad's for you. We will.giv^e you the ser- 
vices of an expert. Catchy, classy ads pay big dividends. 

Our circulation is 7,000. Our magazine is read by five 
times that number every week. Think it over. 


Rescue Gospel meetings are held every Saturday and Wed- 
nesday nights at 8 o'clock ; midnight meetings begin at 10 :30 
o'clock; Sunday breakfast, 9 o'clock every Sunday morning. 
Drinking men especially welcome in these meetings. This 
mission is located in the heart of the red light district. Nearly 
every house in this locality is operated to corrupt morals and 
ruin souls. This mission house is open for God's glory and to 
rescue the lost. 

Every Wednesday night the services are conducted by a 
saved sporting house keeper. All are welcome. 

Address all communications to C. IT. Gootee, 14 West 
Gary street. 

Furnished Room for Rent 





^^'^'^ ' "^ * RIPE AND MELLOW 

\ / I Ixj l~« C vm /\ r^ for pickling or family use 

V 1 I X 1^ \wP r^K 1 V Makes life worth living 

Made by Nature's Own Process for sale at 

^f\ CENTS 







Phone Monroe 427 

when you want the verv best 


obtainable, get them from ATKINS SQUAB CO. 
The Largest Squab Plant in the City 

Mated Homers for sale. Address 


1418-14185^ W. Beverly St., RICHMOND, VA. 





EGULARLY to you at your home or office. It'll 
help the boy and you and The Idea. See? If the 
boys don't come yeur way, notify us or send 50 cents 
for a three months subscription or one dollar for six 
months or two dollars for a year. 

For T{eliable 

AND HEATERS :-: :-: 



Cash or Credit 1418-1420 E. Main St. 



The French surpass us all as cleaners, and the arts 
of those masters of art applied to Clothes and Cover- 
ings, Draperies and Carpets make success certain at 


Suits are new after Steam and French System have 
done their work Only vhe gloss of new is gone. 
Garments of men, Draperies of dames, all sorts of 
stuffs in Costumes Suits and Hangings are Dyed, 
>coured. Bleached, Renovated in the hands of those 
who know and do. 

The Cost is Small Compared to the Effect 








Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk 
Paving, Halls, Vestibules, Basements, &c. 

PHONE 1821 

The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, 
and he takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work 
and straight forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled. 

$107,487,554.35 ASSETS 


George C. Jefferson's 



Phone, Madison 2574-J Times Building 

This Space 



Ask the Man-ager 





Vol. Ill 

Oct. 23, 1909 

No. 21 

$2.00 A YEAR 


For Sale Ai All News Stands 

Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 



We have in our Fall Stock, and are 
showing special good values in 


We invite your inspection 

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Better Than the Average Quality, at Less 

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We Sell Dependible Goods. The Kind That You Can Swear By 

Phone 7136 Madison (liaS. S. LUfldgren'S 2504 I Broad Street 

I Thomas Alva [dison 



is recog- 
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' We sell these 
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our easy pay- 
ment plan — 
same price as 
for cash. 

MACHINES = = - from $12.50 to $200.00 
Edison Standard^Records = = = = 35 cents 
Edison Amberol Records = = = = 50 cents 


Phone Mad. 6227 

C. B. HAYNK & CO., 

603 East Main St. 




0^m 11^^ 

^ H ^%^»| »t^^0^ n^ 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill OCTOBER 23, 1909 No. 21 

5 Cents a Copy $2,00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yodee, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mail matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond, Va. 


Police Commissioner 

and Otherwise 

The Idea has often had occasion to censure the members 
of the Board of Police Commissioners of the city for their 
responsibility for various instances of crookedness. Walter 
Duke is a police commissioner and one who needs to be looked 

Likewise The Idea has found it necessary to show up the 
City Democratic Committee, which is the real seat of " the 
political corruption of the city. Walter Duke is a member 
of that committee. N'ow a man may be a clean man and be 
a Democratic city committeeman, and a man may be a clean 
man and be a police commissioner. Likewise one may live in 
a hog pen and not be a hog. But if you find an animal in a 
hog pen that looks like a hog and acts like a hog and eats. 
like a hog the chances are that he is a hog. 

2 The Idea. 

Also if a man belongs to the Police Commission and sanc- 
tions the acts of that body, and belongs to the City Democratic 
Committee and sanctions the acts of that body, the chances are 
that he is a dangerous man and an enemy to the public good. 
On last Saturday the papers published an account of a 
row in the hog pen of the City Democratic Committee, in 
which Committeeman Shield said to Committeeman Duke, 
"You are a crook." This city committee is the one of which 
Saunders has for years been the recognized boss and of which 
Leaman is a lieutenant and man of influence, and this is the 
political machine that has been responsible for the traitorous 
acts of stealing elections, as has been the casein Richmond 
on innumerable occasions. This is the committee that fixes 
ballot boxes and puts crooks in control of polls and sells out 
the people to organized grafters. 

]^ow, one of the members of this committee calls Mr. Duke 
a crook, and it looks as though it would be possible for this 
row to expose some of the evil workings of the gang, although 
the news item concerning the affair adds that the accuser 
states that he is "not at liberty to explain at this time the 
cause of this affair." 

N^ow, The Idea would state in this connection that the 
meetings of this committee, which affects the very foundation 
of our city government, should be public, as the affairs of this 
city committee are the affairs of the people and vitally affect 
the citizens, for the acts of this committee are the acts which 
determine how much you and I are to pay in taxes and who 
are to be our political masters, as our public servants have 
come to be. Yet you and I never know anything that goes on 
in these secret meetings unless a row turns the light on some 
of the rascals who are tramping under their feet the rights of 
American citizens. 

Let the row go merrily on until all the crooks are disclosed 
in their true colors. 

Meantime, let the citizens beware lest the two arch con- 
spirators against the welfare of the people — namely, Saunders 
and Leaman — who have recently been deposed from this 
nefarious committee, do not pull the wires so as to place them- 
selves again on that committee, which they have used so 

The I dea. 3 

effectively to enrich themselves by stuffing ballot boxes and 
corrupting coimcilmen to sell their votes for gain. Both 
Saunders and Leaman are self-confessed corruption ists, and 
nove Mr. Duke, their associate, is called a crook. 

Let it be known that this all-powerful city committee is 
the committee that practically decides who shall be elected by 
the peojDle for councilmen and aldermen, and this crooked 
committee is largely responsible for the fact that the City 
Council is composed so largely of rascals and grafters. Also 
let it be known that these rascals and grafters in the council 
are the ones who in turn elect the Board of Police Commis- 
sioners, and here enters again Mr. Duke, as Police Commis- 
sioner. See the circle? See the ring? 

ISTow comes the interesting part of our tale. Mr. Duke, 
Police Commissioner, used his influence with certain police- 
men in The News Leader circulation contest to get policemen, 
who owe their j^ositions as policemen to this commission, to 
solicit subscriptions for Mr. Duke for The News Leader. 
■ Xow, it came to pass that policemen went to see the women 
of the red light district and practically demanded of these 
women that they subscribe to The News Leader for Mr. Duke, 
and these women of ill fame, who carry on their unlawful 
business by permission of the Police Commissioners, naturally 
felt that they had to put up the money or else loose their 
^'puir' with the commissioners. 

It seems, however, that one or more of these women 
thought that they had submitted to enough grafting from the 
commissions, and so she, or they, raised a kick and thus the 
matter leaked out that Duke had been using his official position 
to line his o^vn pockets. The papers said nothing about the 
matter l^ecause of the fact that the Bryans owned them so 
largely and The News Leader, thus owned, was concerned in 
the deal. 

It is just such crooked work as this that keeps these crooked 
houses in existence in defiance of the expressed will of the 
people. The people in their Legislature have clearly said that 
no houses of ill fame shall exist, but the Police Commissioners, 
who can use these houses for their private gain, utterly ignore 
the law and keep these houses in existence in open contempt 

4 T li e I d a a . 

of all law. This is the reason that the city of Richmond prac- 
tically legalizes, against the law, the very worst forms of vice 
and crime, simply because it pays those in authority to wink 
at the violation of the law. 

Such men as these, who tear down all respect for law, are 
our most dangerous citizens and are doing more to encourage 
anarchy — the reign of lawlessness — than any other class of 

Yet here in Richmond we let a weak and subservient 
council, elected and put into power by a corrupt political ma- 
chine, foist upon us a base and corrupt police board who, as 
servants of the law, trample under foot the acts of the very 
Legislature that created their positions. 

What has become of that Neivs Leader contest, anyway ? 
Have you seen any of your friends yet who returned from 
The News Leader trip to Europe ? 

Richmond dominated by such papers ! 
How has Richmond fallen ! 


]!*^ow that the bridge building concern has failed to live up 
to its agTeement let the city go ahead and build its own viaduct 
and make it free to all pedestrians. Why should the residents 
of Church Hill have to pay a tax every time they go a-shopping ? 

Why should the mechanic or the clerk pay a tax to a cor- 
poration every time he goes to his work or to his meals '( 

The day of toll-paying to private corporations for the use 
of the highways, which should be the property of the public, is 
rapidly becoming a thing of the past, as it should be. 

The city should own its o^^^l utilities, although with the 
present rotten management, which surely can't last much longer, 
much money must be wasted in building public works. If the 

The I dea. 5 

people of Church Hill will present their reasonable demands 
now while they can, by petition, they may be able to compel 
the council to act for the benefit of all the people. 

If, however, they neglect their opportunity they may have 
to pay special taxes for generations to some corporation for the 
right to walk from one part of town to another. 


Is the News Leader Sincere? 

Now our city jail, almost a new building, is officially con- 
demned and reported unfit for human habitation. Probably 
we shall have to begin all over again and spend another hundred 
thousand dollars or so to provide a proper structure. This 
should put the people of Richmond again on inquiry as to why 
it is that everything the city undertakes to do involves a fum- 
ble, a mess and a scandal. Our ordinary business men and 
citizens with limited means and capital establish enterprises 
without trouble. They build sky scrapers, buy and install 
plants of various kinds, go on year after year buying and sell- 
ing and trading easily and smoothly. Yet, whatever the city 
touches brings trouble, loss, failure. We have had rows and 
troubles over the High School and its furniture. All of us 
recollect the failure of the flume and the disasters at the settling- 
basin. We have just finished a long investigation into the 
contracts for the municipal electric light plant. It seems we 
cannot even dig an ordinary ditch or fill a ravine ivithout 
necessity for official inquiry. At every step we must call in a 
grand jury and have something probed or somebody indicted. 

W^liy is it 'I Surely we are not a community of crooks or 
idiots. We are becoming notorious. ISTewspapers throughout 
the South notice that a large part of the news space of Rich- 
mond neiospapers is occupied with stories of local mismanage- 

6 The Idea. 

ment and suspected wrong doiyig. We go from one im-estio-a- 
tion into another. Richmond is becoming a kind of laughing 
stock. People outside get the impression that our government 
is thoroughly rotten. It is exceptionally clean. 

The foundation trouble is the confusion and division or 
obscurity of responsibility. Our council is composed chiefly 
of men who can do no more than dabble in city affairs. Every 
business man knov^s that no man can successfully and intel- 
ligently conduct a large-going concern to which he gives not 
more than or six hours in the month. The executive 
organization is cumbersome and complicated. Nearly every- 
thing is everybody's business and, therefore, nobody's. We are 
managed by amateurs and conducted by men kept chronically 
in confusison regarding their own rights, duties and powers. 
When we had a disturbance over a market stall a few weeks 
ago it appeared that some three departments were stumbling 
over each other in an effort to straighten out a hundred dollar 

The meaning of it all is that our city government must be 
straightened out and simplified and brought up to date. The 
present system has brought us a succession of scandal and 
disasters. We should have a commission government in some 
form, or at least something which will define and fix responsi- 
bilities. As it is now, we cannot place the blame for anything 
that goes wrong. All kinds of outside considerations and com- 
plications come into our every undertaking and all kinds of 
personal and political influences have to be regarded. 

Sooner or later we must come to a simple and efiicient city 
government. Everybody must understand that by now. Cer- 
tainly the sooner the better, not only for the tax-payers and 
people generally, but for Kichmond's reputation. 

The above is an editorial in The News Leader of October 
15th, but you did not see it, did you? The heading, "Lesson 
of a Mess," was at the bottom of the column and was entirely 
overlooked by most of the citizens. It is by far the most sensi- 
ble thing we've seen in that paper for a long time, although 
the writer got afraid of his own shadow before he finished and 
nullified the force of his otherwise sound writing by saying 
"our government is exceptionally clean." In the breath before 

The I dea. 7 

thai lie liiul said, "It seems we cannot even dig an ordinary 
ditch or fill a ravine withont necessity for official inquiry." 

Did you ever hear of a Kichmond paper in the last several 
years admitting anything like that before ? 

Why is it that the papers are now discovering rottenness, 
and why is it that investigating committees are always probing 
some scandal? We'll tell you. It's because The Idea has 
been on the scene for the last six months. The rottenness was 
here before then, but when it leaked out now and then the 
Bryan papers of Eichmond put on the lid and stopped the 
leaks and minimized the steals and made it appear that Rich- 
mond was the best and cleanest run city in the country, when 
it w^as a stench in the nostrils of those of its own citizens who 
knew how deep the trouble lay. 


A former prominent resident of Richmond, who is now a 
wholesale jobber in another city with branch houses in several 
States, told the writer long ago that the Richmond government 
was rotten to the core, but the writer could not believe it, be- 
cause he had been reading The Times-Dispatcli., that past- 
master in the art of concealing the truth — that morning sheet 
that is responsible more than any one other thing, perhaps, for 
the present state of affairs, because w^hen it could expose the 
crooks it refused to do so. The Idea, however, has aroused 
the citizens and to-day the crooks are on the run ; some have 
already gone down in defeat and the rest are quaking in their 
boots, and on each Saturday crooks, whom we have not yet 
mentioned, eagerly grab up this little affair to see if The Idea 
has discovered and exposed their sins, and the people are 
organizing and discussing all over the city in order to put out 
in the cold next spring some of the remaining malefactors 
when election time comes around. Some of the slick ones, we 
understand, are so scared that they will voluntarily (?) retire 

8 The Idea. 

and not stand for re-election^ all because The Idea was born 
in the city of Richmond last spring. 

jSTow stop and think what all this means. It mean.'S that 
the people of Richmond owe a debt of gratitude to this little 
affair for turning on the light and for nagging the daily 
papers on so that finally they are lining up, though in a lialf- 
hearted way, for clean government. It means that The Idea, 
which is gradually getting the support it deserves, has already 
saved the citizens of Richmond tens of thousands of (lollars 
and, though when it started it was subjected to all kinds 
of opposition from the crooks and the daily papers, who said 
it could not last six weeks, it has survived their attacks and 
is to-day able to pay its expenses from its own receipts, and 
now that it is an established and recognized medium, The 
Idea calls on the good people of Richliiond to hold up its 
hands and increase its usefulness. There is a vast field of 
corruption and political rascality which has never been explored 
and the good people of Richmond can help in this beneficent 
work by at least subscribing to the paper that is responsible 
for the work of reform. We feel that we have gotten to the 
point where we can ask with assurance for your patronage. 

With the help of but one kind friend who aided with his 
means The Idea has withstood the storm so far without making 
a fight for subscriptions until it had become so established as 
to merit your support. Now that that time has come may we 
not count on the good people of Richmond for their tangible 
aid at least to the small extent of a yearly subscription. A 
subscription list will help us in the securing of advertisements 
and thus increase the power of The Idea by making it able 
to employ one or two of the livest writers in the country to 
help in the fight. It will enable us to make the paper larger 
and more attractively gotten up by the addition of more cartoon 
work and cuts and better articles. In the name of all that is 
pure and good can't we count on You ? Mail us your subscrip- 
to-day. Get busy. Thank you. 

How long has the chief of police been used as a lackey by 
the Police Board to give effect to their grudge against a private 
citizen ? 

The Idea. 


The Appeal Bond in 

the Leaman Case 

When the editor of The Idea was assaulted on the street 
two months ago by W. P. Leaman, who was then found guilty 
in the police court, 'Squire Graves over-stepped the bounds of 
his rights in the case by requiring bond of the editor. An 
appeal was taken by the editor from the decision of the 'squire, 
because he acted contrary to law in requiring bond, and the 
case was set for the term of the Hustings Court beginning Oc- 
tober 4th. The case, however, was not finally reached until 
Monday, October 18th, when, on account of the unprepared- 
ness of the Commonwealth's attorney, Mr. Minetree Folks, 
it was postponed until October 28th. 

The Idea is of opinion that this delay is simply an attempt 
to embarrass The Idea, because the attorney has no duty in the 
matter except to see to it that the lower court is reversed, 
for it becomes his duty to shut up in any case where the Com- 
monwealth has erred as much as in this case. It will be 
recalled that Graves fined and bonded Leaman on Leaman's 
plea of guilty without any evidence being brought out and 
no evidence had ever come to the court that the editor had ever 
broken the peace or threatened to break the peace. Leaman, 
however, not only broke the peace and admitted it by pleading- 
guilty, but also openly in the court threatened to "shed the 
blood" of the editor, and still the 'squire required the same 
bond of the editor that he did of the political crook who brutally 
assailed him, and though the constitution of the State guaran- 
tees "speedy trials," still the State's attorney, without any 
sensible reason for it, delays the rendering of justice by having 
the trial postponed. 

10 The I dea. 


The Idea does not like to criticise the fair association, but 
the time has come when it is absolutely necessary if our 
standards of decency are to be maintained. 

During the fair just closed the fair association, in their 
greed for gold, sold concessions for immoral purposes. Not 
only was there licensed gambling for money with wheels of 
fortune, but startlingly indecent plays were exhibited and 
permitted by the management, as was also open gambling at 
the races. Besides this, whiskey and other spirituous drinks 
were sold under one license at many different places. 

I^ow, if the court holds, as we are told it does, that one 
license is sufficient for many places because they are all on the 
same corporation grounds, then by the same reasoning no 
women and children could be admitted to the grounds — the 
place of sale of spirituous drinks. 

What a pity that the fair association could not content 
itself with profits on decent and moral amusements without 
selling privileges to gamblers and immoral shows ! 

The most hurtful and immoral thing the editor has ever 
seen in a varied career over a vast territory for more than 
thirty years, was the vile and indecent and lewd kuchy-kuchy 
show at the State Fair last week. We had never attended 
such an exhibition, but knew it was an immoral affair, and 
since we are fighting such things it became necessary to see 
what the affair really was. 

And let us say right here that unless the preachers 
familiarize themselves with the facts as to what is happening 
under their very noses they never will be able to effectually 
fight evil. 

In former years these same immoral privileges were let by 
Morgan Mills, who owned all the amusement concessions. 
This year, though they were nominally held by another, it is 
reported that they were really owned by the same Morgan K. 
Mills, councilman and slick politician, who, as a servant of 
the law, should be found, above all others, standing for rigid 

The Idea. 11 

law enforcement, but who, on the other hand, stands for, and 
is responsible for, the vilest deed a man can l)e chari^ed with — 
namely, corrupting the morals of the youth of the State. 

And who are the officers of this fair association, who are 
the real culprits, just as much, if not more, than the small 
company of immoral ones who run the little show ? 

The fair association officers are : 

Henry Fairfax, President. 

Alfred B. Williams, Vice President. 

Allen Chambers, Secretary. 

Oliver J. Sands, Treasurer. 

Samuel Cohen, Vice President. 

Mark R. Lloyd, General ]Manager. 

These are the men wlio have been dealing- in immorality 
for gain. They stand high in the community, but are they 
any better than the vile woman who makes her living by 
prostitution when they sell such wares for money ? 

It was just such hypocrites as these that Jesus called 
whitened sepulchres. He said of such men, who were high in 
the Church and sanctioned immoral acts : "Woe unto you, 
hypocrites ! for you are like unto whitened sepulchres, which, 
indeed, appear beautiful outward, but are within full of dead 
men's bones, and of all uncleanness." These men, because of 
their positions in the community, "outwardly appear righteous 
unto men, but within are full of hypocrisy and iniquity." 

Let no man censure The Idea for telling on this rotten 
dealing at the fair. The good men of the community need not 
hold up their hands in holy horror while their sons are led 
into vice and crime by their silent permission of such indecent 
shows. They never could have existed in the past if the good 
men of the community had known of it, and such exposal of 
crime as The Idea gives is the only method that ever yet 
broke up such doings. It's up to the fair association to get 

IsTo young man could see this performance and not carry 
away with him a picture so intensely stamped on his memory 
as to be the uppermost thing in his mind for days — a picture 
that in all probability would lead him to licentiousness and 
crime. Oil the Sunday following the fair neatly-dressed boys 

12 The Idea. 

were seen going along one of the residential streets loudly and 
boisterously cracking foul jokes about the "hucky kuchy." 


The Idea has added a new feature in the shape of cartoons. 
In this number the consternation of the council over the coining 
of government by commission is portrayed in a graphic manner. 
It shows the upsetting of the grafters. 

Get The Idea each week if you want to keep in touch 
with the affairs of the city which the daily papers are afraid 
to publish. 


But Will They Get Him 

The evidence before the investigating committee shows that 
Edward Alvey is, beyond doubt, guilty of defrauding the city. 
The statements of the negro that Alvey paid him for his part, 
the fact that Alvey shook hands with the driver after the 
negro's trial on a warrant sworn out by Alvey for stealing 
from him, the testimony that many saw the driver throw off 
stone on five separate occasions, all show that Alvey was 
criminally guilty of robbing the city. The question now is. 
Is the Commonwealth's attorney big enough to prosecute and 
convict Alvey, or is he afraid that a real trial will expose 
others higher up ? 

You know it won't do to turn on the light if it shows up 
city officials. 


The Alvey trial shows that the city pays about 18 per cent. 
more than other people for grain ; that the engineer's office 

The I dea. 13 

has no check on the weights of grain or other purchases ; that 
the engineer paid for grain on the strength of the tickets fur- 
nish to that department from Mr. Alvey without checking up 
by the weighniaster's records. (The city paid in one case 
alone for 1,000 pounds of grain too much, although Mr. Alvey 
had been informed by the weighmaster that the larger amount 
was an error. The City Engineer never did get the correct 
figure, so lax is the city in its purchases.) 


The law requires that liquor licenses shall be granted to 
men of good reputation and yet we find that a license is held 
by James R. Conway, an ex-penitentiary convict. Conway 
runs a saloom at 706 East Broad street, and on last Saturday 
night shot and killed Robert Torrence in front of his bar. 

The Times-Dispatch in giving an account of , the affair 
stated that Conway was taken to the city jail "and made as 
comfortable as possible." 

It seems that barkeepers in Richmond are the favored 
class and, even though murderers and convicts, are made "as 
comfortable as possible." 

This little affair ought to give the citizens of Richmond 
some conception of the rottenness which underlies Richmond 
politics. When an ordinary prisoner is jailed you don't hear 
that "he is made as comfortable as possible," but if he is a 
convict and murderer and a barkeeper, then "he is made as 
comfortable as possible." 

We wonder how long it has been since it was considered 
that an ex-convict had a good reputation. If an ex-convict 
has a good reputation The Idea would enquire what the 
court considers a bad reputation. 

Or perhaps the court don't consider reputation at all, but 
simply decides such cases on other gTounds. If so, what are 
the other considerations ? IS^ext ! 

14 The Idea. 


Each mountain grand, each meadow green, 
Each rugged glen the hills between. 
Brings me the wish that thou wert there 
With me it's loveliness to share. 

Each luscious fruit, each lowly flower, 
Each verdant breeze from fragrant bower 
Brings to mv si2:ht thine angel smile 
Tho' I'm a2:one ten thousand mile. 

The violet in modest robe, 
Lifts up each royal purple lobe 
And whispers of thy modesty, 
Adorned in royal majesty. 

The dewdrop in the morning light 
Looks at jne with its crystal sight, 
And I behold thy nature true 
In orbs of morning blossoms blue. 

Just now the graceful columbine — 
Its petals all incarnadine — 
Did speak me of thy nature's grace, 
And bring to mind thy lovely face. 

Each passion song, each melody 
That swells the mocker's throat with slee. 
Or bursts the wrennie's little breast. 
With joy and gladness ever blest, 

Brings back the music of thy voice, 
And I with all the birds rejoice. 
And think that wert thou there with me 
This earth, indeed, were heavenly. 

-Alyn O'Dar 


Are Comfortable, Serviceable, Reasonable, Stylish and Good Fitters 


^^'^'^ ' "^ Ripe and Mellow 

VI l\| r" € M ZX 1-^ for pickling- or iamily use 

■ * ^ ^— ^—^ ''^ ■ ^ Makes life worth living 

Made by Nature's Own Process for sale at 

40 ^^"^^^ 






Phone Monroe 427 

when you want the very best 


obtainable, get them from ATKINS SQUAB CO. 
The Largest Squab Plant in the City 

Mated Homers for sale. Address 


1418-1418K W. Beverly St., RICHMOND, VA. 

For Tieliable 

AND HEATERS :-: :-: 



Cash or Credit 1418-1420 E. Main St. 





EGULARLY to you at your home or office. It'll 
help the boy and you and The Idea. See? If the 
boys don't come your way, notify us or send 50 cents 
for a three months subscription or one dollar for six 
months or two dollars for a year. 

Furnished Room for Rent 

ElCinn S'lREE'l 







DuBuquc's Magic Cleaning fluid ''J;,:s^:ilt^'lT^::::i':""\ 

For KenoviiLiiig and Cleaning, Kjits. Clothing, liloves. Wool. Silk, .•^atin and 
all Delicate Fabiies, ill^^o t'leaus Carjiets and Hu^s, removing without in- 
jury to the article. PainI, iieer, Dirt and all Spots of Grease or Oil. 

One i'ric\ bottle will clean any suit of clothes making them look as good as new. or remove from 
UQ to '200 spots: Magic Cleaning Fluid has been used and recommended for tlie past ('1) years by 
cleaninu; establishments. Tailors. Engineers, Conductors and Motormen. Druggists and the 
public-. CoTisirler the merits of cleaning preparations like Magic Cleaning Fluid. It must be 
the best. It has stood the te>t. 

MY MOTTO: Your money back if you are not satisfied: THAI TAl KS 

Manufactured oni» by J. H. DuBUQUE, 415 N. 32nd St , Richmond, \ a. 






Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk 
Paving, Halls, Vestibules, Basements, &c. 

PHONE 1821 

The Fditor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, 
and he takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work 
and straight forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled 






Hartford Fire Insurance Co. 

To make a long story short, his slumbers were not in the least 


Yawning with that peaceful sense of security, which is an evidence 
of surety, he dropped gently into the land of nod, and dreamed a revela- 
tion — the check, for there was a check forthcoming, covering all damages. 
There was no trouble about the settlement, there never is, when you deal 
with the HARTFORD PEOPLE. While some companies are squabbling 
about minor points in a settlement, we are writmg new business. 


6 North 10th St. 


I P R I Z E S I 

"1 FOR C 


1 Newsboys who get the greatest number of weekly subscribers and \ 

I other prizes to those who sell the most copies. f 

M The Contest will begin with the 1st of November and boys desiring to com- f 



The Contest will begin with the 1st of November and boys desiring to com- 
pete should begin today to work for their weekly subscriptions. 

Boys should leave their names at the time of getting their papers so that 
we may keep an accurate record of their sales. 

Some time ago The Idea gave awaj^ a Watch and nine other valuable 

prizes, and the winning boys did good work. One boy selling 

1 12 copies of The Idea of one issue. There is good 

money in it for the boys besides the prizes. 







Vol. Ill 

Oct. 30, 1909 

No. 22 

$2.00 A YEAR 


For Sale Ai All News Stands 

Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 



We have in our Fall Stock, and are 
showing special good values in 


We invite your inspection 

WE wish to announce to the public in'^general, and to the 
Church Hill people in particular, that we have opened a 
First-class >HOE and GENTS' FURNISHING STORE, under 
the new Hall at 25th and Marshall Streets. 


The Chandler Company, 


i Thomas Alva Edison 


is recog- 
nized as the 
TONED of ail 
such Instru- 


We sell these 
Machines on 
our easy pay- 
ment plan — 
same price as 
for cash. 

MACHINES = = - from $12.50 to $200.00 
Edison Standard Records = = = = 35 cents 
Edison Amberol Records = - - - 50 cents 


Phone Mad. 6227 

C. B. tlAYNK & CO., 

603 East Main St. 


A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill OCTOBER 30, 1909 No. 22 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mall matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond, Va. 


Make Him Pay 

The former associates of John M. King in the City Coun- 
cil seem to have felt that they owed to him a debt of gratitude 
for going to jail for certain crooked work a few years ago, for 
G. K. P'oUock and Morgan Mills, who were members of the 
committee with King, but who did not get caught, are still 
members of the council which awards contracts to Mr. King 
to furnish coal to the city. ISTow, Inspector Beck finds the 
coal furnished to the city by Mr. King so inferior that it can- 
not be used by the city and the committee now has to buy 
coal at a higher price from another company because King 
has violated his contract. 

You don't hear anything about the council making King 
pay the difference. Oh, no ! They simply let him off without 
even making him pay for the difference between the value of 
his low-grade coal and the better stuff he contracted to furnish. 
Can it be that the city, after all, did not have any written 

2 T h e I d e a . 

contract with Mr. King and, therefore, they cannot make him 
pay for failnre to comply? 

It tnrned up in the Alvey investigation that Engineer 
Boiling did not have any written contract v^ith Alvey, al- 
though the council had awarded such a contract. 

The truth is, the city is so loosely run that an investiga- 
tion shows up unbusiness-like and lax and loose methods and 
criminal negligence that had never been heard of before. 

Has the city really ever had any contract with Mr. King's 
company ? 


City Jail Condemned 

Who is Responsible? 

I^ow that Dr. Levy has condemned the city jail which, 
since the contract was let a few years ago, has cost the citizens 
more than $90,000, it is well to enquire who is responsible 
for the rotten work. Messrs. Adams and Pollock, who are 
still in the council, voted for this, although the City Engineer 
condemned it before it was built. John M. King, who ha])- 
pened to get caught in dirty council work and was confined 
in this jail "as comfortable as possible," was another who 
helj^ed fake the city with this jail. It is a notable fact that 
the three members of the committee who opposed this crooked 
deal are no longer in the council. Let the citizens notice that 
those who are responsible for losses to the city and for crooked 
work seldom die and never resign. 

With government by commission the city won't be throw- 
ing away $00,000 for grafters and rotten jails on the flimsy 
excuse that the rotten committee had no time "for the endless 
task to arrange all the details to suit" an experienced engineer. 

The I dea. 3 

If you pay a small commission to see that the city is run 
rightly it will be run rightly. If you expect j&fty-six men 
who are not paid except in gi'aft for their work you not only 
get a rotten deal and loose your money expended, but you 
have not got any particular individual you can hold responsible 
for the blunder. 


Then Says "Is of Good Moral Character and Good 


In the last issue of The Idea we mentioned tho fad t^;at 
the court had granted a license to an ex-convict, but we did 
not know at that time that Judge Witt, who granted the license, 
was the very judge that passed sentence on Conway for rob- 
bery, and, therefore, had no excuse for not knowing that Con- 
way did not bear a "good reputation in the community." 
Yet this same Judge Witt granted a license to Conway and 
certified that "the court is fully satisfied that applicant is a 
registered voter of this city and is a person of good moral 
character and good reputation." 

Xow the people want to know how Judge Witt satisfied 
himself that Conway was "a registered voter" when the law 
will not let a man be a registered voter who is an ex-convict 
unless he has been pardoned, and the records show that Con- 
way was not pardoned. 

The people want to know how the judge s;atisfied hini^^elf 
that Conway was "of good moral character." when his own 
court, while he was sitting, had sentenced Conway to the 

The people want to know how Judge Witt satisfied him- 
self that Conway bore "a good reputation" when he must havo 

4 The Idea. 

known that Conway's reputation was exactly opposite from 

ISTo wonder that the papers of the State are ridiculing 
Richmond and editorially asking the question, Is human life 
cheap in Richmond ? when a judge of the Hustings Court says 
that an ex-convict has a good reputation and grants him a 
license to dispense the drink which requires more care in 
handling than any other known poison. 

Truly the liquor dealers of Richmond must have a strong 
hold on our courts when they can make a judge swallow such 

If The Idea had no other reason for desiring to put the 
saloon out of Virginia it would be because the saloons have 
corrupted our courts, have stolen our elections, dominate our 
councils and Legislature and decide to suit themselves nearly 
all important questions which come up, either in popular 
election or for decision before the executive or legislative or 
judicial branches of city and state government. Every poli- 
tician realizes that he has to make his bow to the saloons be- 
fore getting any office of importance unless for some reason 
or other other special interests are able to overcome that power- 
ful opposition, which is very seldom the case. 

iN'ever will the saloon and its agent, the crooked politician 
and corrupt political boss, be eliminated from political power 
in the cities until the cities adopt a more sensible form of 
government by having the cities affairs run by a small body 
of men elected by all the people instead of by wards. 

Car Conductor Shoots Negro for 
a Five Cent Piece 

Corporation Abuse 

For some time past power has been granted to the street 
railway company to use the arm of the law to enforce their 

The I dea. 5 

petty rules and regulations, but the evils of this delegation of 
authority to irresponsible young men was not fully brought 
home to the people until last week, when a car conductor shot 
a negro on Broad street for simply getting off the car and 
walking away without paying his fare. Of course, no one 
should be allowed to ride without pay, and yet no man should 
be shot down in cold blood simply to collect a 5-cent piece 
for any one, much less for a cold-blooded corporation like this 
street railway company has shown itself to be. If you or I 
are murderously assaulted on the street the police refuse to 
arrest the offender until we pay some little police magistrate 
a half dollar to swear out a warrant. If we are robbed of 
$100 we must detect the criminal and then swear out a war- 
rant, but if the car company is deprived of a 5-cent piece the 
offender may be arrested and shot for simply walking away 
from the employee of the company, whose police authority he 
has every reason to doubt. ISTow do you want to know why 
the street car company is favored in the collection of its debts 
while you and I are not? 

Well, the answer is brief. 

They used to allow the councilmen to ride on passes until 
the law put an end to that. They still have their hands on 
the police force, because they allow the members of the Police 
Board to ride on free passes, although the law says they shall 
not be so allowed. 

The law says the Police Board shall forfeit their office 
for accepting any free transportation whatever, and yet the 
political ring in Richmond is so corrupt that they continue 
to ride on free passes and the Commonwealth's Attorney re- 
fuses to do his sworn duty in prosecuting these public officials 
for law violation. 

Just so long as the Mayor and the Commonwealth's At- 
torney have no regard for their oaths of office just so long will 
it be possible for any one to be shot down in cold blood by the 
employees of a corporation that has its fingers on the officials 
•of the city. 

This is what ring rule does in Richmond. 

Punishment should fit the criminal, i^ot the crime. — 
Elbert Hubbard. 

The Idea. 


Playing Subordinate in a Circus 


Citizens were very much chagrined on circus day to see 
Major Werner, Chief of Police, walking up the street in front 
of the big parade directing the route of the line of march. 
ISTow The Idea don't believe in laying too much stress on 
position, but on the other hand it believes in the dignity of all 
honest labor, and yet the occupant of any prominent position 
should have sufficient conception of the importance of his 
office to use ordinary care to maintain proper respect for his 

It is certainly to be regretted that the Chief of Police 
should so forget his office as to trot along up the street in 
front of a circus parade when he has 125 subordinates to look 
after such detail work. As a matter of fact, the Chief of 
Police in Richmond is really chief only in name and instead 
of acting as real acting head of the Police Department he is 
really nothing more than the messenger of the Police Board, 
which, under the present management, has usurped the 
authority of the chief and takes on itself all powers which 
the constitution and statutes have given to the chief. 


By City Committee 

u * * -H- j^^y person " " * who shall give to any person 
whomsoever, any information about any official ballot shall be- 

T h e I d e a . 7 

declared guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be fined $500 and 
imprisoned in jail six months." 

The above is an abbreviated statement from the Virginia 
election laws, and yet the pai)ers tell us that the State Demo- 
cratic Committee is sending out to each voter "a sample ballot 
properly marked." 

If the Democratic machine in the State is willing to resort 
to such crooked means to further its interests then it is time 
for the people to be careful how they vote on election day. 
The fact is, that the machine seems to be scared almost to 
death for fear the Republicans will elect a ''Secretary of the 
Commonwealth," who will be able by his position to expose 
the crooked work that has been going on in this State's govern- 
mental affairs for such a long time. 


Bryan Papers News Suppressors 

The Idea has frequently had occasion to refer to the fact 
that The Times-Dispatch and The News Leader do not pub- 
lish the news of the State which is of vital interest to the 
citizens of the State. The Idea does not criticise a paper 
simply for taking an. editorial position on one side of a ques- 
tion if, while it poses as a neM;5paper, it gives the news con- 
cerning both sides. 

If, however, that paper absolutely refuses to be fair and 
when a very important piece of news makes its appearance 
actually suppresses the facts in the case in the interest of their 
side of the question, then it is time for The Idea to show 
them up. Every paper has a certain body of readers who are 
readers of practically no other paper. Thus the readers of 
The Times-Dispatch naturally look to that paper for the news 
and form their conclusions accordingly. There is perhaps no 
subject that is being discussed in Virginia more than that of 

8 The Idea. 

prohibition, and since the people of Koanoke liave recently 
had an election on this question the papers of the State have 
realized the importance of getting all the facts in connection 
with that election. 

The Journal of October 17th printed several columns of 
a press dispatch from Roanoke under the big head, "Charge 
of Fraud," which contained a very lengthy official detailed 
statement of the fraud perpetrated by a combination of Re- 
publicans and whiskey men on the citizens of the State. The 
statement covered j)arts of five columns on three pages of The 
Journal and then The Times-Dispatch of the next day brushed 
aside the whole matter and suppressed the truth before their 
readers by printing a quotation of only three and one-quarter 
lines from that statement. Thus the readers of The Times- 
Dispatch only have never had an opportunity to get hold of 
the real facts about the question of the Roanoke election, al- 
though the State is tremendously aroused concerning that 
diabolical affair. If the citizens of a community after a fair 
election decide to retain the saloon The Idea has nothing to 
say, but if it is proven that an election was had in which a 
mammoth fraud was perpetrated then The Idea will speak 
forth, and the papers of the State, whether wet or dry, should 
expose fraud whenever found. 

When a paper, however, refuses to disclose a case of fraud 
like this it is evidence not only of unfairness but of morally 
criminal crookedness, and such a paper deserves the sharpest 
censure of the public. 

There is absolutely no doubt that fraud is the reason for 
Roanoke being wet to-day. Bristol is wet to-day because of 
purchased and illegal votes, and The Idea stands for sub- 
mission of this question to the people of the State, because of 
the fact that so much outside money is spent in the cities where 
the electoral machinery is in the hands of saloons that it is 
next to impossible to get a fair election in the cities on any 
question. The Idea stands for a square deal and you never 
get a square deal where all the machinery of government is 
controlled by saloon politicians. 

That's Richmond's trouble to-day. The reason that certain . 
crooks are in office to-day is not that the good people of Rich- 

The Idea. 9 

mond want them there; it is because the saloons want them 
there and they are so organized that they get what they want. 
As the Roanoke statements so well puts it : "If there were no 
other cause for abolishing the saloons than participation in 
corrupt politics that would be sufficient." 


Copy of a Letter 

EiCHMOND^ Va., October 27, 1909., 

Hon. D. C. Richardson, Mayor of Richmond, Va. : 

Dear Sir.— Some time ago I called on the Commonwealth's 
Attorney in reference to the open violation of certain State 

At that time he stated tbat it would be his duty to bring 
to the attention of the Chief of Police any information which 
he might get along this line. 

I, therefore, informed him that whiskey was openly sold 
in the houses of ill fame on Mayo, Franklin and Fourteenth 
streets not only without licenses, but also on Sundays and after 
saloons close in particular. 

Having waited a reasonable length of time without any 
action being taken on this information, I write to bring to your 
official attention as chief executive of the city not only these 
law violations but also the failure of the attorney for the State 
or the Police Department, of which you are head, to take 
cognizance of these facts. 

He was also informed of the existence of these houses of 
ill fame which the officers of the law have openly ignored con- 
trai-y to the law itself. 

He said that on such information it would be his duty 
to so inform the Police Department. This matter has not been 
attended to. 

T call vour attention to the fact that two sworn wit- 

10 The Idea. 

nesses have, on oath, in the Conway case told of the existence 
of two such houses of ill fame, aud though some time has 
elapsed no prosecution has been made. 

The fact that such sworn information as this does not meet 
with speedy prosecution of the offenders, not only against 
decency and morality, but against the majesty of the law and 
the integrity of the State, leads many to believe that there is 
truth in the statements repeatedly made here that these 
offenders are free from prosecution because they pay for pro- 

I trust you will not fail to see that you cannot afford to 
ignore, as Mayor of the city, the tremendous sentiment of this 
intelligent community for strict enforcement of the law, espe- 
cially when sworn testimony is already available for prosecu- 

I again call your attention to the violation of the law 
against selling goods on Sunday which the police are in- 
structed not to see. 

For the present I leave the matter with you and hope that 
the good citizens of Eichmond can count on you to help them 
make a law-abiding community out of the city. 

Yours truly, Adox A. Yoder, 

Publisher of The Idea. 


If we can buy the Bosses 

A former street railway magnate tells in The Saturday 
Evening Post of recent date how the railway companies rob 
the people through the political bosses. His remarks show why 
the telephone and street railway companies of Richmond have 
found it cheaper to buy Saunders and Leaman and Pollock 
and couucilmen than to worry over the people when they want- 
ed to rob the people. ''The professional set who make an asset 

The I dea. 11 

of popularity are the politician? who capitalize their specialty 
and offer it for sale to the highest bidder. I find that it is 
cheaper to buy my popularity of the politicians than to try to 
buy it direct from the public." The writer must have had 
Richmond in mind when he wrote in reference to some South- 
ern cities: "I invariably marvel at the gentle treatment with 
which the officials of the companies are treated by the public 
and city administrations." 

Pollock in His Old Role. 

Since writing the above the Street Committee of the council 
has met and Mr. Pollock has succeeded in fooling the com- 
mittee into letting the Richmond and Henrico Railway Com- 
pany go ahead and retain their franchise, although they had 
forfeited it by their failure to live up to their contract. 

P'ollock, elected ostensibly by the people, instead of speak- 
ing for the people, speaks for the capitalists. 

Pollock uses his office as servant of the people to make 
money as servant of the enemies of the people. By his own 
confession he comes as the tool of the capitalists who had been 
"hustling like the devil to get the money" to go on with the 

And they say the people elected Pollock! Truly, "it is 
cheaper to buy popularity of the politicians than it is to buy 
it direct from the people." 



As the election draws near we hear all kinds of funny 
stories on the candidates and their friends, so I thought I 

12 The I dea . 

would write one of my own, including a bit of buisness, fun 
and pathos. So here we go. 

'Now, of course, we all know that poor old Satterfield went 
to sleep at the switch and now he is trying to sue the railroad 
for damages. He was on the wrong line. He should have 
been on "The Strickly Business Anti-Graft Line," which uses 
the block system, and commission government. In other 
words he got caught off third base, after making a three-base 
hit, and is now delaying the game kicking with the umpire. 
Mr. "Walter Christian." The umpire is not put there to tell 
you when to run back. That is the coacher's place (the City 
Committee). What would have happened to him fifty years 
ago had Lee, Jackson or Mosby caught him asleep on the 
picket line ? Would he have gotten a gold medal or a lead one ? 
They would have shot him to death. You have no pledge to 
break on my ticket, as I am the only man on the ticket. The 
Primary Gang failed to come up, and were left at the post. 
I was surprised at some of the old boys, but I was not at all 
surprised to see a member of the "Board of Aldermen," who 
had been working for nothing ( ?) for fifteen years. Look at 
The Idea of last Saturday and see if you can pick out the 
sleepy alderman. No push, no go ahead, no nothing. All the 
time he slept in that fifteen years cost the city untold thou- 
sands of "American dollars," but when he goes to sleep now it 
is his loss. 

He says he spent $1,.500 and only said "Vote for me." 
ISTow, I haven't spent $100 and have written and delivered 
forty-eight speeches. He has now made up his mind to violate 
section 1221 of the Virginia election laws in regard to guide 
tickets, which means $500 fine and six months in jaiL Why 
don't some of you fellows tell him to go ahead, the whole thing 
is unconstitutional. That's what Dick Brophy said to me at 
the Old Market last week. But the law was dated September 
1909, and signed by D. Q. Eggleston, Secretary of the Com- 
monwealth. Of course, if I wanted any constitutional law 
explained I would call on Mr. Buck Koyall, Charles Meredith 
or some of that class of lawyers, but where did he go? The 
papers said he and the bunch ran up to see Clyde Saunders. 
They didn't want law, they wanted crooked work, and it seems 

The I dea. 18 

they got it all right, because the same papers said next day 
that the meeting was a secret one, arid that they had it all 
fixed to spring on the enemy early election morning. 

When Saint Peter tried to walk on the water and found 
it would not hold him, if he had called for Clyde he would 
surely have been a drowned man. Saint Peter, however, was 
a wise man and knew exactly who to call on and he was saved. 

It would look strange if Satterfield was elected and his 
own built jail would fall down on him and crush him to death. 
If I am elected I will have a special iron safe built to sit in 
while on duty until they build me my new "Shockoe jail" on 
Grace street, between Seventeenth and Eighteenth, 

If "Topeka Joe and Shady Mike" would give him a call 
he couldn't hold them ten minutes. I wonder how he voted 
on the Cohen's alley proposition, the new jail and the electric 
light franchise, and all the rotten stuff left behind as a monu- 
ment of the greed of him and his friends. I know he worked 
overtime to get the Weather Bureau building out of Rich- 
mond, but he failed. 

Well, thanks to the sleepy aldermen and the switch engine. 
I have my name at the present time on about 25,000 tickets 
to his nothing, and it will take many a lead pencil factory to 
get rid of them. A man as forgetful would not do for City 
Sergeant. Suppose he would lock a man up for six months 
and forget to let him out for six years ! See what it might 
cost the city and State! If the Board of Aldermen and City 
Council don't hurry up and buy those street car tickets for 
Coroner Taylor and fix the law to keep me from distributing 
my "Anti-Graft" literature, the election will be over and I 
will be elected, and honest men will get their dues. So hurry 
up and get a move on you. My work for nothing, friends I 

I want it understoood that this election has to be carried 
on strictly according to the letter of the law, for I myself know 
the law thoroughly, and will report any one attempting to 
evade or break it. 

This means business. 

J. J. Redmond, 
The "Anti-Graft, Strictly Business Candidate for City Ser- 
geant." — Adv. 

14 T h e I d e a . ■ • ■ 


Do our laws amount to anything or are they any good. 
Just look at this for a starter. Here is the law: 

Any member of the Electoral Board, the printer who shall 
print the official ballots provided for by this act, any judge of 
election, or any person who shall give or sell to any jDerson 
"whomsoever, except where it is distinctly provided by this act, 
:any official ballot or copy, or any jac simile of the same, or 
any information about the same, or shall counterfeit, or at- 
tempt to counterfeit, the same, shall be deemed giiilty of a 
misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined five 
iiundred dollars and imprisoned in jail for six months. It shall 
he the duty of the judges of election to see that the provisions 
■of this act are strictly carried out. 

But The Times- Dispatch is supreme in Virginia. Tlie 
Times-Dispatch has been printing for several issues a guide 
ballot showing all the candidates and directing how to scratch 
those other than Democrats. It was clipped out to insert in 
this number, but The Idea did not want to lay itself open to 
arrest for violating the law. So come back to the subject : 
Who is who in Virginia? Is it us or The Times-Dispatch. I 
am so sorry for them to have to spend six months in jail, but 
we would like to have their $500 to spend during the campaign. 
Xow, this is no fake. 

I hereby notify and report this flagrant violation of the 
law to every judge of election and demand their arrest. Now 
let's see how many officials know their duty. 

If the law is any good, enforce it. If not tear it out of 
the book because it will cause trouble. As I said to a mem- 
ber of the City Council the other day, "Why, Harry, you are 
not allowed inside of the dead line but once, and .that is to 
vote." He said, ''O, yes we are, we belong to the City Com- 

Poor, deluded mortals. They think so much of the primary 
that they forget the real thing and don't know it when they 
see it. 

— Adv. J. J. Redmond. 

The Idea. 15 


Dr. Gordon says our jail is 0. K. — a model of cleanliness 
and is as well kept as any jail in the United States. 

Dr. Levy said a week later that the jail fairly reeked in 
filth and that for the thirty minutes the committee was in 
there they were all made sick. Who must we believe ? This 
is. as bad, if not worse, than Cook and Peary. The only way 
to decide is to go down and see for ourselves. 

— Adv. J. J. Redmond. 

I do the very best I know how — the very best I can ; and 
I mean to keep doing so until the end. If the end brings me 
out all right, what is said against me won't amount to any- 
thing. If the end brings me out wrong, ten angels swearing 
I was right would make no difference. — Abraham Lincoln. 

If you want work well done select the Busy Man; the 
Other Kind has No Time. — Elbert Hubbard. 

Man is superior to woman — when he is, and when he isn't, 
he isn't. 

To escape criticism: Do nothing, say nothing, be noth- 
ing. — Elbert Hubbard. 




Are Comfortable, Serviceable, Reasonable, Stylish and Good Fitters 

For T{eliable 

AND HEATERS :-: :-: 



Cash or Credit 1418-1420 E. Main St. 

■#* l^ % iK I^ ^^' 

j P R I Z E S ( 

"1 FOR r 


Newsboys who get the greatest number of weekly subscribers and 
other prizes to those who sell the most copies. 

The Contest will begin with the 1st of November and boys desiring to com- 
pete should begin today to work for their weekly subscriptions. 

Boys should leave their names at the time of getting their papers so that 
we may keep an accurate record of their sales. 

Some time ago THE Idea gave away a Watch and nine other valuable 

prizes, and the winning boys did good work. One boy selling 

112 copies of The Idea of one issue. There is good 

money in it for the boys besides the prizes. 




H You wish the best Flavoring Extracts, Essences and 

H Spices for your Table. 

The best Soap, Perfumery and Toilet Requisites for 
your^familyiand guests. 

The best Steel Enameled, Rubber and Glass Goods for your sick. 

We have them as low as they can be sold, as well as Medicines 
of unexcelled quality, which conform strictly to the United States 
Pure Food and Drug Law. 

You want information as to what is best to give medical students 
at Christmas, January 1st or af Commencement Exercises. This we 
can give you of the most satisfactory character. 











PHONE 1821 


Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk 
Paving, Halls, Vestibules, Basements. &c. 

0j1 The fditor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, 
and he takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work 
and straight forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled 




S the Evidence of Foresight which 
crops out in the man who thinks. 
It is this that distinguishes him 
from the ordinary man, causes 
him to be called conservative. tU^ 


TION— The Firj't Law of Nature. 

People should not let their inert optomism, which is the outcome of good health, 
prevent them from being prepared for sickness or accidents, should it come their way. 

Your Pride Should Stimulate Your Desire to be Protected. 
Get a Health and Accident Policy Toda^. 
Sickness is a Crime Against Nature. 

Do not let the Penalty be a Lifelong Obligation to Stranger's or Friend's, 
Action is Thought in Motion. 

..o.tZ^^ ^George C. Jefferson, ,r;'rtf: 

Madison -*<-> f^'J FIRE &' ACCIDENT INSURANCE Richmond, Va. 







ELECTION, Tuesday, Nov. 2, 1909 






Vol. Ill 

Nov. 6, 1909 

No. 23 

$2.00 A YEAR 


For Sale At All News Stands 

b:eing some sermonettes published weekly for the 
common good at richmond, virginia, by adon a. yoder. 

Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 





We have in our Fall Stock, and are 
showing special good values in 


We invite your inspection 







H You wish the best Flavoring Extracts, Essences and 

H Spices for your Table. 

The best Soap, Perfumery and Toilet Requisites for 
your familyiand guests. 

The best Steel Enameled, Rubber and Glass Goods for your sick. 

We have them as low^ as they can be sold, as well as Medicines 
of unexcelled quality, vi^hich conform strictly to the United States 
Pure Food and Drug Lav^^. 

You vi^ant information as to what is best to give medical students 
at Christmas, January 1st or at Commencement Exercises. This we 
can give you of the most satisfactory character. 





A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill NOVEMBER 6, 1909 No. 23 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Yeak 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 

904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mall matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond, Va. 


Deliberate Misappropriation 

Did Not " Forget CFiecks " as Daily Papers Falsely 


It is always an extremely disagreeable duty to note the 
downfall of a reputable citizen, and while this paper does 
enter with a certain zeal into the exposure of a common grafter 
and crook, it very reluctantly undertakes the exposure of a 
high and popular official of the city government and one who. 
on account of many excellent qualities, has won the confidence 
of the citizens. 

It is, however, none the less a duty for any organ of pub- 
licity to show up evil even if found in the house of its friends, 
and so The Idea, despite strong pressure to smooth the matter 
over, publishes the facts as they are in the matter of misap- 

2 T h e I d e a . 

propriation of funds by Mr. Frank Cunningham, Collector of 
City Taxes for the city of Richmond. 

The newspapers of the city have been so desirous of cover- 
ing up anything that reflected on officeholders that they have 
published falsehoods which completely pull the wool over the 
eyes of the people, and if it were not for The Idea the people 
would never have known that there was wrong-doing in the 
financial offices of the city. 

The papers state that Mr. Cunningham ' 'forgot to send 
money on time" and "forgot the city's license checks." 

Mr. Cunningham did not forget these checks. On the 
other liand he deposited these checks to his own credit and held 
the proceeds "to his own use" in direct violation of law. 

He collected $2,000 in liquor licenses in April and should 
have turned the money over immediately, but instead held it 
for five or six months, turning it over to the Treasurer on Sep- 
tember 28th. 

The city charter requires — 

Section 49. The Collector shall make report, in writing, 
under oath, to the Auditor weekly, and oftener if required, the 
amount of all moneys collected by him, and shall pay the 
same into the city treasury in the manner hereinbefore pro- 

The Times-Dispatch, under date of Kovember 2nd, states 
that Mr. Cunningham's "explanation was that the money had 
been mislaid in the vaidt of his office and had only come to 
light just previous to being paid over to the City Treasurer." 

As a matter of fact, this looked like such a flimsy excuse 
that The Idea reporter called on the special accountant, and 
on direct inquiry learned that Mr. Cunningham had not "mis- 
laid" these checks and had not "forgotten" them, but, on the 
other hand, had appropriated them to his own use and deposited 
them to his own credit in hank. 

Section 50 of the city charter says: "The Collector is 
expressly prohibited from keeping the money of the city in his 
hands or in the hands of any person or corporation to his use 
beyond the time prescribed (one week) for the p^ayment of the 
same into the city treasury, and any violation of this provision 
shall subject him to immediate removal from office." 

T h e I d e a . ?> 

This is a very emphatic and clear law and allows no mis- 
understanding' of its meaning. The Collector has, by his own 
act — if the law is enforced by the Mayor — vacated his office, 
and the Mayor makes himself a party to the crime when he 
deliberately refnses to abide by his oath to see to it that all 
the laws of the State are enforced in the city. 

In the absence of such a provision the council would be 
responsible, but section 11 of the charter says the Mayor "shall 
have power to remove all subordinate officers for misconduct 
in office." 

It will, then, be seen that the Mayor had no alternative 
but to remove the Collector mxmediaiely , but on the other 
hand it is reported in Tlie Times-Dispatch that the Mayor 
said that it did not appear that any action was necessary at 
this time on his part, save to see that the delinquency was not 

Can it be that the Mayor has been fooled, as the citizens 
have, into thinking that the Collector is simply guilty of an 
"oversight" or "forgetting" of the checks which laid "in his 
vault" or "in his desk" for six months ? 

The Mayor is quoted as saying "the four checks had been 
deposited with the Treasurer even before the examination of 
the books of the office was begun," as if the Mayor thought the 
checks were recently deposited. Did he know that these checks 
were deposited in April "to the Collector's credit ?" 

The Mayor has either been deceived or he is a party to the 
game to hnsh up this matter of the people's affairs, and his 
quoted statement is certainly calculated to mislead the people. 
It looks as though so much pressure had been brought to bear 
on this whole matter for secrecy that even the Mayor has been 
mislead and does not realize the truth or the gravity of the 
offence, or else is dictated to by the ringsters, who gave him 
the office and who now want him to "lay low," for his state- 
ment leads one to believe that he thought it was simply a 
"forgetting of the checks in his vault." 

On the other hand, if the Mayor knows all the facts — and 
there is no reason why he should not — he is again guilty of a 
violation of his oath in not seeing that all the laws are enforced. 
In the past the Mayor has set up the absurd and ridiculous 

4 T h e I d e a . 

claim that he need not regard the hiw if he thought it wise 
to ignore the law, and now again does he ignore the law and 
his duty by letting the guilty go free. 

Rumor has it that the Mayor did desire to do his duty and 
put the Collector out, but that it was on the eve of election and 
it would not only hurt Democratic chances at the polls, but Mr. 
Cunningham was the party nominee and would go back in 
again at the first of the year, as if such a flimsy excuse would 
justify a man in refusing to do his present duty. 

This is not the first offence of Mr. Cunningham. He has 
been guilty of similar transactions in the past and they were 
hushed up at the time by the finance committee. This finance 
committee had no right to keep these shady transac- 
tions from the jjeople, and yet we learn that they would 
have done it this time if it had been possible, but they learned 
that The Idea knew that there was something wrong, and so 
to clear their skirts they were unwilling to hush the matter 
np entirely, although if it were not for The Idea''s publica- 
tion to-day of the real truth the people would be made to be- 
lieve that no intentional wrong had been committed. 

Every member of that finance committee knows that the 
offense is so serious that if the law were obeyed not only would 
the officer lose his job but in any other city he would in all 
probability be publicly prosecuted in the courts. It becomes 
the duty to-day of the commonwealth's attorney to prosecute for 
misappropriation of funds, however disagreeable it may be to 
him personally, but no one who knows the powers that elect and 
retain the attorney in office expect him to do anything in the 

The head of a very prominent business house said on the 
street that such a matter would not be tolerated one moment 
by his concern, and it is safe to say that no business house in 
the city would retain in its employ a man who would ''borrow'" 
from the concern without their knowledge or consent $2,000 
for five months and then replace it just before an examination 
of the books is made. The papers tried to make the people 
believe that there was no intentional wrong doing when the 
city has actually lost coin of the realm by the transaction and 
if the collector had died before Sept. 28th the city would have 
been the loser by more than $2,050. 

The Idea. 5 

It is evident from the word's of the report that the collector 
has not even offered to pay the city the interest due on the 
money appropriated, and yet all the papers pass the matter by 
with an attempt to keep it quiet just as they minimized the 
corruption and graft when the investigation in 1903 showed 
that Saunders and Leaman and others were the worst kind of 
oTafters and coruptionists. If these papers were not willing 
to he made parties to these crooked deals Eichmond people 
would soon cast off the band of political crooks that make such 
things possible, but six years ago that said it was "perfectly 
legitimate business," and now they say no "wrongdoing." 

If the papers of Richmond knew the facts and they had bet- 
ter facilities for knowing the facts than The Idea had, they 
have no excuse for stating that the "liquor checks" were kept 
or forgotten. These statements are absolutely false and as we 
go to press have not been corrected by any of the papers, and 
moreover not a single paper has dared to make a single 
editorial comment on the transaction. 

The Leader conceals the truth by a very brief and deceptive 
article headed "Blames Cunningham for his IS'egligence" when 
that jDaper knew it was not negligence. The Journal also has 
a brief article on an obscure page as the Leader had it and en- 
titles it, "Forgot City License Checks" which is absolutely 
false. What a shame that three daily papers of the city should 
contrive to decieve the people when the people's treasury is 
being used for private purposes. 

It is frequently said that Richmond is a peculiar place; 
the people don't like to know about public wrong-doing; they 
return to office a malefatcor rather than put him out in the 
cold ; they have one standard for public office and another for 
private life. We continually hear it said that the people here 
are different from everywhere else, etc., etc. 

ISTow The Idea finds that nearly everybody believes this 
and yet we have not met so many people here that were as every- 
body reports them to be and we think that the people themselves 
iiave been slandered. 

It is true that public matters are treated differently here 
and we have come to the conclusion that this is more because 
of the attitude of the papers than the temperament of the people 

6 T h e I d e a . 

Richmond differs from other cities in that it has no daily paper 
that is willing to take a bold stand for official integrity. Rich- 
mond people are all right but people everywhere are influenced 
by the public press and if the press maintain a low moral 
standard then the officers of the city will maintain a low moral 
standard. If the press will smooth over and hush up official 
wrongdoing the public officials will continue their malefactions 
until the people think they can not overcome the evils. 

The reason the people of Richmond don't arouse themselves 
against publio wrongs is because they know that they will not 
be led to a correction of those evils by the daily papers of the 
city and m they drift into lethargy and the cause of the wrong 
must be laid at the door of the daily papers. 

We charge that The Times-D isijatch and The Leader and 
The Journal are parties to the crimes which they conceal and 
that Richmond people would be better off by thousand? and tens 
of thousands of dollars each year if the papers would publish 
the daily news as it comes to them instead of hushing the mat- 
ter up. On the other hand, these papers join hands with the 
corruptionists to put out of office high-minded public men like 
Carlton McCarthy and do all in their power to retain in office 
those who- have been caught in criminal acts. It is a remark- 
able fact that many of the city officials of Richmond have been 
caught red-handed and investigated and indicted and found 
guilty of various and sundry acts of immorality and crime 
while the man who did more to save untold hundreds of thous- 
ands of dollars to the citizens was kicked out to make place for 
a man who openly refuses to do his sworn duty and all this in 
Virginia and in Richmond where Patrick Henry made his fa- 
mous speech for liberty and his famous fight against the ring. 


The Car Company Prepares to Fleece the People 

The papers tell us that the Virginia Railway and Power 
Company, which is the owner of the street railways of the city, 

T h e I d e a . 7 

proposes to ask for a new charter covering the entire system, 
and the newspapers of the city are helping to betray the peo- 
ple into the hands of this combination of capitalists by 
writing nice little articles telling the citizens how this com- 
pany will improve its facilities and increase its mileage, etc., 
all the time beclouding the real intent of the corporation — 
namely, to get, now, while the city is run by the ring, one 
long-term franchise for all its little short-term franchises, 
many of which expire in the next few years. This company 
knows that after a short while Richmond will have a better 
government, which they cannot buy up. In the near future 
Eichmond will be run on a business basis and all public 
facility corporations which desire favors from the city will 
have TO pay at least in part for value received. 

In Chicago the car companies have to pay a large per- 
centage of the gross earnings to the city. This amounts to 
millions of dollars, and it is nothing but right. 

Here in Richmond we give them the franchise and get 
nothing in return. This is worth millions and millions of dol- 
lars to the company, especially if these franchises are for long 

Let the citizens demand something in return for these big 
gifts to the wealthy corporations who are given the right for 
ninety-nine years to soak it to the people. We of this genera- 
tion have no right to give away the next generation's rights. 

1. Let's sell these valuable franchises. 

2. Lets make the company keep up the streets along the 
line of the railways. 


Leaman Loses 

On the 28th day of October, Thursday of last week, the 
case of the appeal from the decision of the police court by 
which the Editor of The Idea was ordered to give bond to keep 

8 T h e I d e a . 

the peace because he was assaulted in the street by political 
boss "Dutch" Leaman, was called and the lower court was re- 
versed without any argument by the commonwealth's attorney, 
all of which goes to show the truth of the claim of The Idea 
that a conspiracy existed to embarass The Idea by requiring 
excessive bond when there was no justification for it and by 
incurring lawyers' fees to protect the Editor in his rights. 

This incident should show the people that the crooks can 
count on the aid of the courts of justice to suppress anything 
that attempts to stand for right. 

The courts founded to insure justice used by confessed 
criminals as a means of injustice to those whose greatest crime 
is exposure of crime ! 

And in Richmond, cradle of American liberties ! 


" Political "-Disorderly Housekeeper 
Given Light Sentence and Why 

The Idea's Letter Had Its Effect 

On the 27th the Editor of The Idea sent a letter to the 
Mayor calling his attention to the sworn evidence convicting two 
parties of maintaining a house of ill fame. That letter ap- 
peared in The Idea on the 30th ult., and on the 28th the 
authorities hailed into court the two women who ran the places. 
One of these parties was fined $100 and jailed for 30 days, 
which sentence was appealed. The other case was postponed 
imtil the 2nd of ISTovember. !N"ow this party, Sophie Malloy, 
operated a notorious assignation house on lower Main Street 
under the protection of the police department, for certain party 
officials were interested in the house. Justice John called the 

T h e I d e a . 9 

place the worst in the city and yet read carefully how the case 
turned out. 

There were two charges against the woman — one of selling 
whiskey without license and the other for keeping a disorderly 
house. She was dismissed on the first charge, although the 
evidence was convincing that she was guilty as she had sold to 
the Conway-Torrence crowd. 

On the second charge, keeping a house of ill fame, her at- 
torney, Mr. Pollock, plead giiilty for her and she was fined one 
hundred dollars. On the similar charge Maggie Lee of 14 
Jackson Street had been fined $100 and sentenced to jail for 
30 days. Now the question arises why was this distinction 
made ? And the answer is to be found in the fact that the Mal- 
loy woman, or, as the papers are careful to dignify the crea- 
ture, "Miss Malloy," had a decided pull or influence with the 
powers that be. Her place has enjoyed the favors of those who 
have a strong influence with the police commissioners and the 
court, and it would have opened the eyes of the citizens if they 
could have seen the interest police commissioners and political 
powers had in the outcome as was evidenced by their presence 
and position in the police court. 

The judge occupied a very uncomfortable position between 
his duty on the one hand and his desire to please the powers 
that be on the other, for these powers that be were on hand to 
see that things went well. Chris. Manning sat and Douglas 
Gordon stood behind Justice John and engaged him in conver- 
sation during the course of the trial. Gilbert Pollock repre- 
sented the Malloy woman, while W. P. Leaman whispered in 
Pollock's ear and that combination of Manning, Gordon and 
Pollock, and Leaman with Justice John, is responsible for the 
fact that this notorious character, who has operated for years in 
the same place and known to the police the worst kind of a 
joint for the ruination of young girls and for the illegal meet- 
ings of married women with other men, was simply given a fine 
and no jail sentence was passed upon her, although for a similar 
offense another woman on the same kind of evidence, though 
not quite as convicting evidence of same parties was fined the 
same amount and jailed thirty days. There is absolutely no 
doubt that the woma^i who got the lesser sentence was guilty 
of the greater crime. But unfortunately for Maggie Lee, po- 

10 T h e I d e a . 

lice commissioners and others in authority did not grace the 
occasion with their influential presence. 

Justice John has no excuse to offer for his light sentence for 
so flagrant a crime. 

The Idea has all along claimed that there was a corrupt al- 
liance between the trade in vice and the police department and 
that was openly shown by the apparent reluctance of the judge 
in passing sentence and the lightness of the verdict and the 
presence of the police commissioners and others. Gilbert Pol- 
lock was visibly delighted at the outcome as were others inter- 
ested. It is a shame on the fair name of the city that such 
bold schemes can be pulled off openly in courts of justice. And 
the Mayor, made by the political ring, his enemies if he knew 
it, dares not say a word against the gross miscarriage of justice. 
But wait ! A time of reckoning will come. 


JSTewsboys frequently report to the office that they have 
been robbed by other boys who offered to sell them Ideas at the 
regular ofiice price to boys. 

The boy thus offering to sell would get the money and then 
run off without delivering The Ideas or the boy would refuse 
to give enough change or wonld run off without giving any 
change or would give the wrong number of Ideas. 

Let every boy take warning and refuse to buy Ideas from 
other boys. If you want Ideas get them at The Idea office. 
ISTobody else has a right to sell Ideas at less than 5 cents a copy 


We would like to know whether Mr. Eolkes is employed 
to prosecute criminals or to protect them when they happen 
to be backed by politicians. This question is suggested by the 
way Mr. Folkes acted in the prosecution of the Malloy woman. 
He absolutely refused to make any stand for her prosecution, 
but got up for about a minute and actually hurt the Common- 
wealth's case by his weak and cowardly remarks in the presence 
of the ]ioliticai friends of "Miss Malloy." 

7' // r / d r a . 11 


Help The Tax Payer 

In the Fall election of li)O0 Mr. W. A. Crenshaw opposed 
Mr. Frank Cunningham f or city collector, and in a lar^e meet- 
ing he exposed irregularities and misapprojn-iations in the col- 
lector's office, and Mr. Cunningham, who was in the audience 
arose to reply but in the knowledge of his guilt, which had 
been kept secret from the people by a crooked finance committee, 
he was at a loss for words to reply to the attack when some 
friend called out "Give us a song, Frank," and then and there 
the noted singer's voice arose in the well known song, "Help 
the Fallen Brother Rise." The people were so overwhelmed 
by the beauty of the song that they forgot the confession of 
guilt contained in it and they returned Mr. Cunningham to of- 
fice. JSTow The Idea has the heartiest sympathy for any fallen 
brother, but after a public offical has proven himself unworthy 
of public confidence on repeated occasions and has, after draw- 
ing a salary of $10,000 a year from the pockets of the people, 
misused other of the taxpayer's funds, then it is high time to 
call on the official for an accounting and to help the poor fallen 
taxpayer to arise with his burden which he is so. ill able to bear. 

Everybody is coming to know that the poor taxpayers of 
Richmond bear all the burden of taxation as they do elsewhere 
and The Idea is fighting for better government and more 
equitable taxation and more honesty and integrity in office in 
the name of the poor taxpayer. 

"Help the fallen taxpayers rise." 

Boys desiring to compete for the prizes to be given away for 
the month of i^ovember must comply with the following rules 
Two sets of prizes will be given. One set for obtaining regni- 
lar customers; another for selling the largest numbers of copies 
during the month. In the first contest, the one for regular 
weekly customers, boys will be given blanks to have filled out 

12 T h e I d e a . 

ordering' The Idea to be brought regularly. Each one properly 
filled out by subscribers will entitle the carrier to ten points 
in the contest. The ten boys getting the greatest number of 
weekly subscribers will be declared the winners, and handsome 
presents will be awarded for the work. 

Any boy may also compete in this contest by getting paid 
in advance yearly subscribers. Each yearly subscriber with 
$2 in cash in advance wi 11 count 100 points. Each six months 
subscriber with $1.00 in cash will count 50 points and each 
three months subscriber with 50 cents in cash will count 25 
points. Thus if a boy gets 5 paid in advance yearly subscrib- 
ers will get 500 points ; 1 six months subscription, 50 points ; 
1 three months subscription, 25 points ; thirty weekly subscrip- 
tions, 300 points. 


Every boy who gets Ideas must enter his name and address 
or else he can not return his unsold Ideas. 

Each boy entering the contest for the greatest number of 
copies sold must certify that he himself sold the number cred- 
ited to him at 5 cents a copy to bona-fide buyers and not to 
other newsboys. 

When boys buy from each other they cannot have returned 
copies unsold. 

Each boy from now on must enter his name in order to 
have the privilege of returning unsold copies of the Idea. 

Copies may be returned as late as Monday night. 

See next number for further particulars. A $3.00 watch 
was given away in the last contest, besides nine other hand- 
some prizes. 


Professor of History, University of Chicago 

The University of Chicago, Dept. of History. 

5734 Washington Ave., Oct. 30, 1909. 
My Dear Mr. Yoder: — Yours of Oct. 26 was forwarded to 
iiic nere where I now live. I am very much interested in your 

T h e I d e a . 13 

paper and if 1 lived in Virginia 1 should be a standing sub- 
scriber. You are doing Virginia a service very much like that 
which Patrick Henry rendered when he attacked the John Rob- 
inson Machine in 1763, though I believe none of the Robinson 
party resorted to personal encounter as a defense or counter- 
blow. Tn the end Henry prostrated the graft leaders of his 
day ; but he could not help joining Richard Henry Lee and 
half a dozen others in the formation of a new machine which 
in its day did harm to Virginia — though there was never, I 
believe, a suspicion that Henry's machine rested on public 

I have mentioned this historical episode or epoch to show 
how I feel on the subject ; all good citizens ought all the time to 
be on their guard against machines and graft — especially Vir- 
ginians — but a new machine will always arise on the ruins of 
the old. It has always been so ; it wall always continue, be- 
cause the economic interests in any community will always 
unite to thwart real democracv. In Richmond in Judffe Mar- 
shall's day a half dozen well-to-do slave owners dictated Rich- 
mond's policy and gave tacit or open license to the evils of the 
time; in our day a half dozen interests are behind the bosses 
and the papers, their allies, and while you may, and ought to, 
put down the bosses you do better to show up the so-called re- 
spectable interests which tell the bosses what they may do. Six 
men rule Chicago and all the graft, all the vice and all the vio- 
lence in this great city draw their permits, indirectly, from 
these six or seven men. The bosses here know these half dozen 
men and they do their bidding without interviews or instruc- 
tions — a good boss always knows what to do without waiting for 

This is a long letter. It is intended to encourage you by 
showing you what a job you have on hand; but the job is not 
too big for the man of courage and ability. Stick to it and 
make the rascals tremble. Publicity is the thing. Print every 
week next winter a list of the lobyists and their employers, 
their methods. I had a small pass at arms with certain cor- 
rupt influences when I lived in Hanover. I only got a peep at 
the real powers in Virginia ; the leeches which prey upon the 
vitals of the Old Dominion. Yours truly, 

Wm. E. Dodd. 

14 T li e Idea. 

Richmond, Va.^ October 17, 1909. 
Editor The Idea: 

Your article in your latest issue, entitled ''Taft on Law 
Enforcement,"- sent a cliill down my spinal column. 

I have never seen a sweeter or more consonant warble in 
the cucoo press. The '"Supreme," The News Leader or even 
that "labor fakir" sheet. The Evening Journal, could not chant 
a more harmonious strain. It is well for you that the public 
are damphools. otherwise they would not handle your issue 
with tongs. 

The "Rooseveltian policies" be damned. The fruits of his 
administration show that his real policies were to make fire- 
works to amuse the Reubens whilst the trusts robbed them. Do 
you know of any trusts he "busted?" Are the trusts not now 
more firmly entrenched than when the mighty "trust buster" 
took up his stuffed club. 

Yes, Taft will carry out the "Rooseveltian policies," all 
right, and I suppose the Reubens, with open mouths, will 
swallow his putrid effusions, but I am sincerely sorry to see 
you quote him. You have gained the good will and confidence 
of your readers and they will naturally look upon Taft with 
favor because you quote him approvingly. Taft is doing, upon 
a colossal scale, just what our local prostitutes are doing upon 
a small scale. And yet I do not believe we have a local politi- 
cian low and vile enough to meet and shake the paw of the 
bloody despot, Diaz. Earth holds no more hideous monster 
than Diaz, and the man who will go and felicitate with him in 
the interest of a money-mad oligarchy, is himself a dirty and 
dangerous being. 

If you are the real "sport" you claim to be you will educate 
your readers to the enormity of Bill Taft's act and when he 
comes to Richmond reeking in the slime of the monster, Diaz, 
let him meet a frost. B. M. Dutton. 

The above letter is so characteristic that we have deemed 
it worthy of publication. 

We admire a man who has something to say and says it 
forcefully, even if he does give us down-the-country. 

The writer, Mr. Dutton, is a rather radical Socialist who 
can see no sood in any Republican. 

T h e I d e a . 15 

The editor is democratic enough to accejit much of the 
Socialistic doctrine, but he thinks that Roosevelt was about as 
good a Democrat as the country has ever had. We are not 
quoting Mr, Taft approvingly, for we do not approve him. We 
quote him to show that even Taft believes in law enforcement. 



The Idea is not published to please you or anybody else. 
It is published to make you mad, if necessary, at least mad 
enough to clean up the rottenness in your city and State. 

The Idea is sometimes criticised for going after khe 
rascals so harshly, for making people mad, for stirring up a 

Our answer to such critics is that the greatest man that 
ever lived used this method and The Idea will not attempt 
to improve on the method of the Master from ISTazareth, who 
said He came to set man "at variance" with his neighbor, 
and just so long as there is sin or wrong-doing there will be 
need for people who stand for right to be "at variance'' with 
those who stand for evil, and all readers of The Idka know 
that the strife that The Idea arouses is the kind thai will 
make for better things. 

Let "the sword" and "fire" come if thev are used against 

"I am come to send fire in the earth, and what will I if 
it be already kindled." 

See next week's Idea for the Bryan papers land boom 
scheme- — Manchester Annexation. 

The Idea has recently made a "scoop" of some very im- 
portant facts which will make certain city officials be ashamed 
to walk Broad street in the davtime. Look out for it. 

For T^eliable 

AND HEATERS :-: :-: 



Cash or Credit 1418-1420 E. Main St. 

[ P R I Z E S I 

■-J FOR r- 


1 Newsboys who get the greatest number of weekly subscribers and 1 
I other prizes to those who sell the most copies. ? 

J The Contest will begin with the 1st of November and boys desiring to com- | 
\ pete should begin today to work for their weekly subscriptions. » 

■ Rr^•<Tc <;Vir.iiiH \fave- thfir names at the time of E'ettinff their Dapers so that B 


The Contest will begin with the 1st of November and boys desiring to com- 
pete should begin today to work for their weekly subscriptions. 

Boys should leave their names at the time of getting their papers so that 
we may keep an accurate record of their sales. 

Some time ago THE Idea gave away" a Watch and nine other valuable 

prizes, and the winning boys did good work. One boy selling 

1 12 copies of THE Idea of one issue. There is good 

money in it for the boys besides the prizes. 


Is to-day the mightiest factor in the 
business world. It is an evolution of 
modern industrial competition. It is a 
business-builder, with a potency that 
goes beyond human desire. It is some- 
thmg more than a "drummer" knock- 
ing at the door of the cons timer 

something more than mere salesman- 
ship on paper. It is a positive, 
creative force in business. It builds 
factories, skyscrapers and railroads. 
It inakes two blades of grass grow in 
the business world where only one 
grew before. It multiplies human 
wants and intensities human desires. 
It furnishes excuse for timorous and 
hesitating ones for possessing the 
things which under former conditions 
they could easily get along without. 
^ The human mind is so constructed 
that it is appreciably affected by repe- 
tition — and, after all, advertising is 
only repetition. 

— Truman A. DeWeese. 

Farms for All, Large or Small! 


Timber Lands 

Country Homes 

Mineral Lands 

Suburban Homes 

Any Kind and Every Price. If You Want to Buy or Sell See 

Casselman & Company 






Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk 
Paving, Halls. Vestibules, Basements, &c. 

PHONE 1821 

The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, 
and he takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work 
and straight forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled 




Vol. Ill 


Nov. 13, 1909 

No. 24 

S2.00 A YEAR 


For Sale Ai All News Stands 

Editor and Publisher, 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 

0^mi^^^^0>tm0^^^ w^^^^i m ^9^^ 



We have in our Fall Stock, and are 
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We invite your inspection 



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We have them as lovi' as they can be sold, as vv^ell as Medicines 
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You want information as to what is best to give medical students 
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can give you of the most satisfactory character. 





A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill NOVEMBER 13, 1909 No. 24 

5 Cents a Copy 12.00 a Yeab 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adok A. Yoder, 

904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mail matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond, Va. 


Second Offense 

Law Provides Harsh Penalty. Penitentiary Offense. 

The Board of Aldermen met last Tuesday night and after 
hearing the report of the Finance Committee and the report 
of Special Accountant Crenshaw on the conduct of Collector 
Cunningham's office, administered a sound rebuke to the Fi- 
nance Committee bj appointing a committee of five to make 
further investigations and report. 

This finance committee should have made a thorough in- 
vestigation in the first place instead of rendering such a brief 
and mild whitewashing report that even members of the coun- 
cil were deceived into thinking that no wrong had been done, 
although the law considers the offense so grave that it provides 
a penitentiary term of from one to five years for each offense. 

2 T h e I d e a . 

It is universally recognized that it was the duty of the 
mayor to act, if he has any duty other than that of a figurehead. 

The law provides in the first place that the mayor should 
"immediately remove from ofiice" the collector, but the mayor 
refused to do his sworn duty, and thus threw the responsibility 
of investigating the ofiice, which the Constitution of the State 
makes one of the mayor's first and most important duties, on 
the common council. 

Members of the lower branch state that if they had known 
the facts which were before the finance committee they would 
not have voted to simply receive and file the report. 

After they had so voted, The Idea gave them the truth, 
which the other papers had suppressed until after The Idea 
came from the printers and not until then did the jDeople know 
that there was criminal wrongdoing in the collector's ofiice. 

The laws says in the City Charter, section 49 : "The col- 
lector shall make report in writing, under oath to the auditor, 
weekly, or oftener if required, the amount of all moneys col- 
lected by him." and section 4 of chapter 10 of the code, in ref- 
erence to oaths to the auditor, says, "and the person so sworn 
shall, if he swear falsely, be guilty of willful and corrupt per- 
jury, and shall be subject to 'punishment by imprisonment in 
the penitentiary for not less than one nor more than five years. 

!N"ow the question at issue is not whether the actual checks 
or an equivalent amount in cash was held by Collector Cun- 
ningham. Of course he could not use the checks and no one 
charges that the misappropriation was of them. 

He did deposit them, which shows he did not misplace them 
as it was at first reported. He did not, however, turn over 
the $2,000 to the city treasurer, and he swore to the auditor 
weekly until June 15th, and then daily until July 1st and then 
weekly until September 28th "the amount of all moneys col- 
lected by him." 

The law says he was "guilty of willful and corrupt per- 
jury" at least thirty-two times, for any one of which the pen- 
alty is "not less than one nor more than five years," and yet 
the papers all tried to hush it up and the mayor stated that 
there was no "wrong doing." 

The Times-Dispatch of last Sunday attempts to shield the 

T h e I d e a . 3 

Teal offense by making a big news item out of nothing in charg- 
ing that a question of veracity exists between Cunningham and 

Although Cunningham's statement is worded to conceal the 
truth and defend his acts still in justice to him it should' be 
made clear that he has never denied that the actual checks 
were sent to the bank at the time although his friends have for 
him made that denial and claimed that the checks were 
pigeonholed in his office and overlooked. The collector states that 
the cash equivalent was held, in his office for the five or six 
months until he had time to discover whose it was. 

The law is not concerned as to where the cash was for 
these long months. The law says if he don't turn it into the 
treasury and report to the auditor its collection he is guilty 
of perjury, and shall be imprisoned in the penitentiary for it. 

The Journal of the 6th, in trying to defend the collector by 
suggesting a severe reprimand only, on the grounds of miti- 
gating circumstances, says, "This belief, it might be added, is 
based upon the presumption that this transaction constitutes an 
isolated offense." 

The Idea shows below that this is not an isolated offense, 
and in the rush of other matters has discovered one case where 
he was guilty of at least one similar offense and report has it 
that this office has been the object of special solicitude and 
careful whitewashing for many years past, and though we hesi- 
tate to make this statement, the facts justify it, that if the 
collector is guilty of perjury no one knows how much money 
collected has never yet found its proper place in the city treas- 

There is no use for the collector to try to hush the matter 
up by stating that he did not "misappropriate the money to 
his own use" when he certainly did not put it to the city's 
use and he admits that it was in his own posession and not 
either ^ent to the treasurer or even reported to the auditor 
that it had ever been collected. 

The mayor should not becloud the issue by stating that "If 
there was any interest paid' by the bank on the $2,000 during 
the period it was illegally in the collector's hands I shall cer- 
-tainly see that it is paid over to the city treasury." Now it 

4 T h e I d e a . 

matters not whether any interest was paid on tke amount' or- 
not. The fact remains that the city did not get the interest nor 
the use of the money for that time and the interest is due the 
citizens and even if the collector actually did not know to- 
whose license account to credit it, he should have put it in the 
bank at interest, and such a procedure would at least help to- 
show that there was no intentional wrong doing. 


In the fall of 1903 the city accountant reported that the- 
books of the collector were grossly wrong but that they would 
be adjusted according to the promise of the collector by the end 
of the fiscal year. Then was the time to investigate, but what do 
we find the finance committee doing ? Whitewashing, as usual. 
They made no recommendation and the council filed the report. 
At the end of the fiscal year, however, the accountant again 
made his report and found that Collector Cunningham had not 
only not reported the collection of licenses due in April until 
the end of the year, but had actually failed to report $6Y0.00> 
to the aduitor until February of the next year. 

That ought to wake up the people to realize how a merchant 
don't have to pay his fine while a poor citizen has to go to jail 
for 30 days or more if he don't pay his fine. 

Instead of reporting four licenses in September which were 
paid in April, as he did this year, he reported licenses as col- 
lected "In every month in that year from April to December 
and in January, 1904, and four items amounting to $670.00 
were reported to the auditor in February, 1904, and became 
part of the receipts of the fiscal year 1904-1905" — Special ac- 
countant's report from the minutes of the council for April, 

The accountant evidently thought this a grave offense at 
the time for he cited the law applicable to the case and yet 
what did the council do ? The council read the report and or- 
dered it sent back to the finance committee for investigation 

One month later, in May, 1904, the finance committee re 
turned the report with no recommendation to the council. Their- 
report reads: "The committee herewith returns report of city 

T h e I d e a . 5 

■accoimtant Oarlton McCarthy." and then Mr. Ellett, who, 
though a member of this finance committee, has this year done 
all he could to keep this matter quiet, moved that the report 
be received and filed and his motion was adopted, and tluis the 
investigation at that time was killed. 

This is just what was planned for this year, but the people 
had seen a great light and councilmen were awake and so 
when this report had been received and filed by the council Thi-: 
Idea turned on the light and the aldermen thought it best 'o 
have an investigation, but they did not send it back to the 
finance committee to investigate, oh, no, they know too well how 
■to whitewash and cover up and although Mr. Whittet objected 
on the ground that it was a reflection on that committee to 
send it to a special committee, Mr. Hobson stated "It is evi- 
dent that there is some one that has sufiicient influence with 
"the finance committee to keep it from doing what is right" and 
the aldermen voted to send it to a special committee. 

It is time the citizens were organized into a law-enforce- 
ment committee to see that the laws are properly enforced so 
that it may not be possible for a finance committee to hold 
secret meetings and keep the people ignorant of their own af- 

The only two committees that ever hold secret meetings are 
the two which should by all means be the most public, because 
they directly are of most interest to the public. The one is the 
Finance Committee and the other is the Police Commission. 

It is not only a temptation to crookedness to have things 
kept secret but it is an admission of wrong doing when these 
committees refuse to open their doors to the public. "Men love 
darkness rather than light because their deeds are evil." 

No man ever served his country, without being villified, for 
all who make a profit out of injustie will be your enemies. — 


"When I die, let it be in Liberty's battle with my face to 
'the foe." — Gov. Altgeld in his last speech just before he fell 
•mortallv stricken. 

' T h e I d e a . 


Crime Protected by Politicians and 
Officers of the Law 

Last week The Idea commented on the fact thai the two 
women who were fined after being found guilty in the pojice 
court were not treated alike. The evidence on which tii3 war- 
rants were issued was the same and the women both ran whafc 
is commonly termed houses of assignation, yet the t'v) war- 
rants for the arrest of the women were differently worded. 

The warrant for Sophie Malloy, whose place at 2224 East 
Main Street Justice John called the worst in the city, (and Jus- 
tice John knows pretty well where about all these places are 
and the details concerning their management) reads as fol- 
lows: "Did unlawfully keep and maintain a certain disorderly 
and ill governed house," etc. 

That sounds like a very mild charge to be brought against 
"the worst place in the city of Richmond." 

ISTow look at the warrant against Maggie Lee. That reads : 
"Did unlawfully keep and maintain a house of ill fame resorted 
to for the purpose of prostitution or lewdness." 

Now what has the citizen to learn from these facts ? The 
lesson is this, that Sophie Malloy had "protection" and Mag- 
gie Lee did not have the same protection. 

Lawyers and business men whose businesses give them any 
knowledge of these houses in the city know that for years- 
Sophie Malloy has openly ran this house of ill fame and that it 
is protected by certain crooked politicians and police commis- 
sioners who patronize it. These men used their influence to 
have the charge against the Malloy woman so mild that she 
would not be jailed on it. As a result Maggie Lee was sen- 
tenced to jail for thirty days and fined $100, while Sophie 
Malloy, friend of the politicians, was fined only $100. Sophie 
does not mind paying the $100 for she has wealthy political- 

The I d e a . 7 

friends and her business is very profitable. From the illegal 
sale of drinks she gets a handsome profit for her house is pat- 
ronized on Sunday and at night when the bars are closed and 
for the risk she takes she demands good money, a dollar a round, 
for say three bottles of beer. 

Justice John warned Sophie, Miss Sophie, as the innocent 
daily papers call her, that this house must be broken and Gil- 
bert Pollock solemnly promised that it would be broken up. 

Yet there is no danger of this place being broken up. It 
has been operating since the trial and report has it that Sophie 
says that there is no danger of an attempt to break her up for 
the gang would not dare to, she might "peach" on them. The 
trouble is that the interests of certain powers that be and the 
interests of this woman are so wrapped up together that they 
can not afford to permit the police to break her up. She would 
not even have been fined this little fine of $100 on sworn testi- 
mony given against her in another trial if the authorities had 
not feared The Idea. 

She was glad enough to plead guilty to the minor charge 
for she knew it might go hard with her to have any evidence 
given against her. 

Protected crime in Richmond pays big dividends not only 
to the direct criminals but to those high up that protect them. 


Personally and Officially 

In giving his decision in the Malloy woman case for selling 
liquor without a license Justice John said: "What I think per- 
sonally and what I think officially are two different things," 
and then he proceeded to acquit the woman on the charge. 

It is time the justice realized that the purpose of the law 
is to punish for a crime that is known to exist, even though 
the commonwealth's attorney refused to take advantage of the 

■« T h e I d e a . 

evidence in the ease and make a strong speech for punishment. 
Everyone who heard the evidence knew that the woman was 
guilty and simply because she stated that she sent out and 
bought the drinks, although one of the witnesses stated that the 
first drinks served were not sent out for, the judge let her ofi 
on that slim excuse. Even if she had sent out that did not alter 
the case. She sold drinks without a license. She ran a house 
of ill fame in which it was possible at any time to buy drinks 
and yet the judge let her off simply because she had a pull. 

A Prominent Citizen on The Idea's 
Letter to the Mayor 

October 30. 1909. 
Mr. A. A. Yorder. 

My Dear Sir: — I have just read with interest the copy of 
your letter to Mayor Richardson. If this thing should come 
to a "show down" remember I am ready to say under oath (1) 
That these bawdy houses do exist; (2) that they sell intoxicants 
illegally; (3) that they sell intoxicants on Sunday. You need 
not use my name publicly on above points but if your evidence 
is demanded I am at your service. 

Your experience at the State Fair exactly accords with mine 
the year before and you didn't say a word too much. 'Tight 
the good fight" and may God bless you in it. 


The Journal of a recent date had a long editorial on coun- 
cilmanic crookedness in ISTewport News and even published the 
letter of E. C. Cox, briber of that city. 

The Idea enquires why the Journal goes over to Newport 
News and publishes about such outside crookedness when there 
is rank malfeasance in its own city offices which it dares not 

To be famous is to be slandered Iw people who do not know 
you. — Blhert Huhhard. 

The Idea. 


October 24, l'JU9. 
Mr. Adon A. Yoder. 

Kicbmond ,Va. 

Dear Sir : — Enclosed please find check for $ to be used 

in sending your paper for one year to persons in Richmond, 
or to be used in assisting in paying your lawyers fees in the 
Leaman suit, as you may select. 

I wish I could assist in a more substantial manner. I am 
glad to note your position on the immoralities at our recent 
State Fair and for one I have made up my mind that my fam- 
ily will never attend another unless the utmost assurances are 
given that everything of the kind you mention vdll be elim- 
inated. It is astonishing to the writer that such things should 
have been permitted by Henry Fairfax. I am in hopes there 
is some excuse for him, but I do not see how there can be any. 

The unimportant and nominal position of honorary vice- 
president for this county was given the writer and in that ca- 
pacity I gave material assistance in getting attendance from 
this section, but hereafter I will have nothing to do with it, 
under such conditions as prevailed this time, as described by 

There are enough Christian people in this State and ISTorth 
Carolina, where the patronage is drawu from outside of Rich- 
mond, to prevent such things, if they will take a firm stand, 
and stay at home if immoral shows are to be permitted and gam- 
bling on horse races and games of chance are permitted. 

As a citizen of the State and a taxpayer in Richmond, I 
feel like I want to congratulate you on your good work, and 
the courage you show in showing up the corruption of that 
city's government. There are men there to-day who would 
gladly see you assassinated. 

May you live a long time, and continue the good work in 
which you are so much needed. 

Has the finance committee any right to keep the people's 
affairs from the people as they have been doing? 

Has the finance committee any right to hold secret meetings ? 

10 T h e I d e a . 



Fines Not Collected. "Make no Effort to Collect 


The city accountant's report shows not only misappropria- 
tions and false returns, but censures the collector for lack of 
promptness. The report says: 

"Had the notices been sent more promptly better results 
would have been shown" referring to the delay of the collector 
in sending notices of taxes due. In his report the accountant 
shows a rotten state of affairs in the police court. He states: 

"The delinquent licenses were reported to the Police Jus- 
tice about August 1, and came to trial for the first time on 
August 11. The cases have been distributed and continued 
from time to time some eight times, until there remain about 
120 cases set for trial October 21. 

"I am informed by the city attorney that he insisted upon 
having these cases acted upon more promptly by the police 
court, and hopes to report more prompt action in the future. 
Of the cases before the court many will be dismissed, but 
others are individuals, etc., who habitually allow the license 
tax to go delinquent. I am of the opinion that it is useless to 
fine any party or firm that is delinquent and to make no effort 
to collect the fine or see that the license tax is paid, and it ap- 
pears that little effort has been made to collect any fines im- 
posed for the non-payment of license taxes in the past. 

Just this week a negro boy was sent to jail by Justice John 
for sixty days for stealing a little clock valued' at Y5 cents, and 
yet merchants in Richmond rob the city annually of thousands 
and thousands of dollars in licenses and fines and then go free. 

The Editor of The Idea went to the police court to see why 
these fines were not collected and the clerk stated that such 

T h c I d e a . 11 

fines were never paid and that they perhaps could not be made 
anyhow. A fine against the "Gordon Motor Car Co." was 
pointed out as being easily collected, to which the clerk remark- 
ed : "Well, they don't try to collect them." 

This led to some other very interesting discoveries in ref- 
erence to fines and bail and bonds. 

A man may be fined in this court and sent to jail and then 
later his fine may be remitted. In this way the way is paved 
for all kinds of wrong doing. There is no check on the books 
of this court and it is impossible to tell from the docket whether 
a man has paid his fine or not and thus the crooked practice 
has grovni up of ostensibly making people pay a penalty which 
they never suffer. As a result the poor fellow without a pull 
pays his fine or goes to jail while the fellow with a pull goes 
free of either fine or jail sentence. 

The City Charter gives to the police court the right to put 
in jail any 'person failing to pay a fine imposed for a city 
ordinance violation. The law reads: 

"The offender on failing to pay the fine imposed may be 
imprisoned in the city jail for a term of not less than five nor 
more than thirty days. Whenever any fine is so imposed, but 
not paid, the police justice, if he shall not order the party to 
be imprisoned in the city jail, may, unless an appeal be taken 
forthv/ith, issue a writ of fieri facias for said fine, directed to 
the sergeant of the city. Such writ must be made returnable 
to the police justice within 60 days from its issuance. 

The collector shall, on or before the first day of June, re- 
port to the polce justice a list of all persons liable to such taxes 
and in default. Fieri facias — ^levy on the goods of the person. 

Fines can easily be collected and the taxes on the taxpay- 
ing citizen reduced by making these non tax-paying citizens 
come to tow. 


The accountant in his report on delinquent tax collection 
includes the following: 

12 T h e I d e a . 

Personal Bills turned over for collection $97,336.09 

Total collected $21,990.87 

(Receivers' Bond, R. & A. R. R.) 

Erroneous Assessment 36,307.76 

Returned uncollected...;...... 39,037.86 


2126 personal bills paid averaging $10 each; 23,117 bills 
averaging $1.20 each unpaid. 

"More emphasis and greater effort should be made to collect 
these bills and thus reduce the number remaining unpaid. 
Among said bills are the names of parties w^ho have allowed 
their personal tax to go unpaid for years and the amounts due 
will in some cases aggregate $100 or more. 

Justice to all tax-payers demands that strenuous effort be 
made to collect delinquent taxes and I recommend that a col- 
lector be put upon the street by the collector of delinquent taxes 
and that a levy or suit be expressly authorized in some cases to 
collect the taxes due." 

Just think of it, 23,117 taxes remain unpaid in Richmond 
this year after the delinquent tax collector has made his at- 
tempt at collection. 23,117 citizens of Richmond pay no money 
into the city while the rest of the people foot the big bills. 

ISTo wonder, however, that the people have such litte respect 
for the law and "use their own discretion" about paying their 
lawful taxes when the courts have no respect for the law and 
even the mayor, the sworn head of the government of the city, 
takes the absurd ground that he "should use his discretion in 
law enforcement." 

Manchester Annexation 

The Bryan Boys Land Boom 

For some time past The Thnes-Dispatch has been doing its 
best to boost annexation of Manchester to Richmond, although 

T h e I d e a . 13 

it would not help either Manchester or Richmond, but would 
only help a few commercial interests and the Bryan papers in 

In fact it now seems that it is simply a big land boom of 
the Bryan boys who own The Times-Dispatch and control the 
Woodland Heiohts Land Co., which desiror, to have Manches- 
ter annexed so as to help sell their land. Manchester has 
nothing to gain and all to lose. It being a smaller place is not 
as infested with crooked politicians who rob the citizens of 
their taxes. 

As the citizens of Manchester point out, the attempt to ad- 
just the tax system of that place to the Richmond plan would 
work untold hardships on the citizens over the river. 

Annexation would mean an enormous increase in expenses 
for the larger city because of the demand that the Manchester 
portion have the same number of police that a like ward now 
has in the city, whereas Manchester now gets on very well with 
a much smaller force because of the lack of graft and conniv- 
ance at crime on the part of police officials. E'o one would gain 
by annexation except a few commercial interests and The 
Times-Dispatch and the professional boodlers who would thus 
have a larger field of graft. 

The Manchester Bee in opposing annexation, says: 

We have the best water system of any city in the United 
States. In fact, our advantages are so great that they cannot 
be told in an article like this. We could go on and enumerate 
as many as twenty substantial reasons why Manchester should 
not desire to be annexed to Richmond. 

The officers and police of the city are all first-class men; 
the laws are all enforced and fairly good order prevails. This 
cannot be said' of Richmond, for every morning and afternoon 
you will find the papers filled with great headlines about 
MURDER, RAPE, THEET and GRAET. etc., etc., ad 

If however, Richmond HONESTLY desires annexation 
with Manchester, let there be a committee of educated, first- 
class men; men versed in large business who can meet those 
anaks that Richmond has placed on her committee and then 
it might be that some arrangement might be made, but this is 

14 T h e I d e a . 

impossible under the present offer. Our last word to our 
friends in Manchester as to this Eichmond plan, is ''Do not 
this foolish, unwise thing lest in coming years you be cursed 
alike both of God and posterity." 


About two weeks ago an Italian made threats against the 
life of a citizen of Richmond and drew a long knife with 
which to back up his threats. A warrant was sworn out 
against the offender and many witnesses, including three 
registered voters, appeared to verify the charges. When the 
case was continued from October 19th until Saturday, the 
23rd, the offender did not appear and a rule was issued for 
him and he was re-arrested and appeared in court October 
26th with G. K. Pollock as his attorney. 

Before the final trial Mr. Pollock desired to compromise 
the case if the warrant would be withdrawn. This was not 
agreed to, but when the case was called the charge was dis- 
missed by Justice John, and although threats to kill had been 
made, still the offender was dismissed without even being re- 
quired to give bond to keep the peace. 

ISTow, in this connection, note these two facts. Certain 
Italians of the city of Richmond are banded together in a 
political organization which, in the recent primary election, 
declared in favor of Mr. Minitree Folks for Commonwealth's 

Many of these Italians run bars in the city of Richmond 
and although the Italians are not so largely interested in other 
•employment, yet they hold a very large percentage of the saloon 
licenses in the city of Richmond. 

Although the attorney for the prosecution claimed that the 
case was a felony, still the Commonwealth's Attorney did not 
appear against the offender and Mr. Pollock, who almost in- 
variably represents the grosser criminals in the city courts, 
got his man not only free from fine, but even free from giving 
bond, though he had threatened a man's life. 

T li e I d e a . 15 

ISTow, The Idea charges that the political ring of the city 
is under obligations to the Italian barkeepers and criminals to 
such an extent that they cannot, and do not, give justice where 
one of them has offended against the laws of the city and State. 
E;specially is it true that justice is very seldom meted out to 
those who offend if they secure the services of Mr. G. K. Pol- 
lock, prince of the enemies of justice in the city of Richmond. 

IsTow, we desire to state that The Idea is not against the 
Italian as such, in fact, of 'all the European races the Italian 
is perhaps the most lovable and gentlemanly, and his racial 
characteristics make him the peer of any race. 

It is likewise true that here in Richmond many most excel- 
lent citizens claim Sunny Italy as their nativity. For such 
we have nothing but words of friendship and good cheer. 

Still we feel it a duty to condemn in the harshest terms 
any organization that is used to protect any criminal class 
or to influence legislation or officers of the executive or judicial 
departments in favor of a class or a particular body of people, 
no matter who they be, and especially if they be saloon keepers 
or other disreputable citizens. 

Richmond^ Va.^ October 25, 1909. 
Mr. Adon A. Yoder, City : 

Dear Slb. — I write to ask your rate for one-half page and 
one-page ad for three, six and twelve months. 

Your Idea is the best thing I have seen in Richmond 
during a business experience of fifty-odd years. I like the 
ring of your mettle and am going to show my appreciation by 
giving you an ad. I enclose copy. I notice you offer to write 
them if not properly written. I will reply immediately upon 
receipt of information. Yours very truly, 

A. H. Robins. 

I cannot refrain from adding, "lay on McDuff," and keep 
on until the last grafter cries, "Hold, enough!" and quits his 
grafting or his job. A. H. R. 

For T{eliable 

AND HEATERS :-: :-: 



Cash or Credit 1418-1420 E. Main St. 


i% i i n ^< i ^»" i mm n t i^ > ai»i 

I P R I Z E S 







Newsboys Avho g:et the greatest number of weekly subscribers and' 
oiner prizes to those who sell the most copies. 

The C ontest vill begin with the 1st of November and boys desiring to com- 
pete should begin today to work for their weekly subscriptions. 

Boys should leave their names at the time of getting their papers so that 
we may keep an accurate record of their sales. 

Some time ago The Idea gave away a Watch and nine other valuable 

prizes, and the winning boys did good work. One boy selling 

112 copies of The Idea of one issue. There is good 

money in it for the boys besides the prizes. 





Is to-day the mightiest factor in the 
business world. It is an evolution of 
modern industrial competition. It is a 
business-builder, Avith a potency that 
goes beyond human desire. It is some- 
thino; more than a "drummer" knock- 


inp: at the door of the consumer 


something more than mere salesman- 
ship on paper. It is a positive, 
creative force in business. It builds 
factories, skyscrapers and railroads. 
It makes two blades of grass grow in 
the business world where only one 
grew before. It multiplies human 
wants and intensities human desires. 
It furnishes excuse for timorous and 
hesitating ones for possessing the 
things which under former conditions 
they could easily get along without. 
•^ The human mind is so constructed 
that it is appreciably affected by repe- 
tition — and, after all, advertising is 
only repetition. 

— Truman A. DeWeese, 

Farms for All, Large or Small! 


Timber Lands 

Country Homes 

Mineral Lands 

Suburban Homes 

Any Kind and Every Price. If You Want to Buy or Sell See 

Casselman & Company 


1108 E. Main Street 







Estimates chieerfully given on Sidewalk 
Paving, Halls, Vestibules, Basements, &c. 

PHONE 1821 

The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twentyyears, 
and he takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work 
and straight forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled. 






Vol. Ill 


Nov. 20, 1909 

No. 25 

$2.00 A YEAR 


For Sale At All News Stands 

Editor and Publisher. 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 




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A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill NOVEMBER 20, 1909 No. 25 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Yeak 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 

904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mall matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond, Va. 


The Editor Arrested 

Submitted to Indignities, Excessive Bail Demanded 

On Monday evening last as the editor was in the City Hall 
to attend a meeting of the City Council he was served with a 
warrant about three and a half miles long, charging him with 
criminally libelling Douglas Gordon, Chris, Manning and 
Justice John Crutchfield in a publication of The Idea of 
jSTovember 6th. In the office of the Chief of Police in the 
same building the reading of the leng-t-hy document was begun, 
but on account of the slow progress made the editor stopped 
the reading, accepting the service of the warrant without it ; 
and then the officers said thev would have to search the editor. 

2 The Idea. 


His watch, pen, pencils, coin and the like were not taken 
from him, but his papers, including private confidential cor- 
respondence and valuable memoranda and a check, were re- 
tained. This was objected to but in spite of the protest against 
the malicious and ungentlemanly and unwarranted proceed- 
ings, these private papers were read in his presence by a petty 
official, Mr. George Pollock, secretary to the chief, who, in 
spite of being calmly informed that he had no legal right to 
so act, continued to examine the confidential papers, and fold- 
ing them together, kept them, though he gave back the check. 
The editor then 'phoned for several friends, most of whom 
happened to be out of the city. Professor Alwood, of Smith- 
deal Businessi College, however, and Dr. W. P. L, Smith 
came to the rescue at the second police station, where $500 
bail was asked. Finally Mr. A. H. Kobins was also gotten and 
then the bond was raised to $1,000 and the editor was released 
from the room where he had been very harshly ordered to be 
locked up by the officer in charge. 


The lock-up was an exceedingly vile smelling affair with 
no articles of furniture, save an ancient and unsanitary closet 
stool with the wood seat and fixtures gone and from which 
'Came the sickening and unsanitary smells, which rendered the 
place dangerous for the health even of hogs, much less of men, 
and an iron or steel seat or bed about two feet wide. Water- 
and other bugs were crawling about the walls. The walls 
and floor had, apparently, never been washed. 

In this unhealthy and sickening den the editor was kept 
standing for an hour while bail was being arranged and while 
his wife was suffering a nervous prostration from the news she 
had received. 

T h e I d e a . 3 


Now be it known that the old Virginia Bill of liights, 
ordained by the people themselves and made a part of every 
Constitntion the State of Virginia has ever had, guarantees 
to every citizen that he shall not be required to give "exces- 
sive bail," and Justice John practically admitted the bail 
bond of $1,000' (or even $500), as was required at the police 
station, was exceedingly excessive, when he reduced it the 
next day to $300, which was furnished very kindly by Mr. 
jST, W. Bowe, who, though never a partisan, could not stand 
to see injustice done, and introduced himself and offered to 
stand by and see a square deal. Many other unknown friends 
of justice also appeared and offered to furnish bail in the sum 
of $10,000 if necessary. The case was postponed on Tuesday 
morning and set for trial on Friday, JSTovember 26th. 

ISTow some words concerning the situation : The editor of 
this paper has, on four separate occasions, been hailed into 
court in Richmond because he dared to value his native rights 
and to think enough of his State and the well-being of his 
family and progeny to expose the political corruption and 
rottenness that are undermining the liberty and happiness and 
prosperity of the citizens for which Virginia, more than any 
other State, has spent its best life-blood. 

When the forces of corruption in the city first found them- 
selves being exposed by The Idea they attempted by assault 
and physical force to put out of business this paper, and we 
learn from inside authority that the plan was to have the 
editor lured away and assassinated. When public indigna- 
tion showed itself against such brute methods the plan was 
changed and word went around that The Idea must be 
stopped at any price — by buying the editor out or by forcing 
him to the wall by the expense of defense in the courts, and 
diplomatic emissaries actually attempted negotiations for buy- 
ing off the editor. Now suits and lawyers' fees for defense 
are accumulating against us in the vain hope that such 
methods will stop the work of destroying the graft income of 
political parasites. Threats to kill the editor have been boldly 
and openly iiiadc, even in o[)en court, and have been met 
with no censure. 

4: T h e I d e a . 

All these things have made the work of reform of political 
conditions expensive and dangerous and the enemies of the 
right have become emboldened by the fact that though the 
citizens are 95 per cent, on the side of the right and' desire 
to see better conditions prevail, still they do not organize and 
are, therefore, powerless before a very small band of corrup- 
tionists and crooks. 

The Idea does not propose to be moved either by threats 
or suits or assaults, but will go straight on, earnestly hoping 
and asking for the cordial and material backing of the good 
people of the city. 

If it were not for suits and legal expenses this paper could 
easily survive without asking outside aid. It has, however, 
lost money, over which it has no tears to shed, and yet we 
believe that the citizens are enough satisfied with the good 
results obtained to come to the aid of the work in a substantial 

How much is it worth to you to see this work continue? 
How much is it worth to you to know that tens of thousands 
of dollars of your city's taxes are being saved by The Ideals 
exposure and righting of extravagances and gTaft ? How 
much is it worth to you to have the policy and other gambling 
games broken up, for the policy business has been almost 
ruined in Richmond by The Ideals exposure, though the plan 
is that a large bunch of them will renew operations this week 
with the knowledge of the police. 

The Idea begs that the good citizens of Richmond, whose 
interests are at stake, will see to it that this paper has ample 
means of defense and protection from the attacks of the 
enemies of the public. 

The public acts of public servants are public property. 
The Idea calls the attention of the people to the fact that this 
paper is not concerned with the private affairs of private citi- 
zens, nor the private affairs of public citizens, but only with 
the public acts of public citizens, and then only Avhen those 
acts are such as to effect the public welfare. 

The Idea. 


The enemies of this paper have grown so desperate in their 
attempts to destroy it that a petition has been circulated 
among the newsdealers of the city to get them to refuse to 
handle The Idea, because The Idea stands for law enforce- 
ment, and that means closing of houses of business on Sunday, 
and some newsdealers open on Sunday. Simultaneously with 
the circulation of this petition the police force is arresting 
for Sunday selling many places of business which have been 
violating the Sunday laws. 

These laws should, of course, be enforced or repealed, and 
yet the powders governing the police are suddenly very anxious 
to hurt The Idea by pretending to enforce the law against a 
part of these offenders, while the bigger law-breakers go on 
unmolested and protected. 

iSTot only are those houses of ill fame which The Idea 
has exposed been protected, but others in the West End are 
protected as well. 

There are public houses of ill fame within three blocks of 
the second police station on West Marshall street that have 
been reported to the police by men of large means and stand- 
ing in the community and they were confidentially informed 
that they could do nothing because of certain police commis- 
sioners whose influence could remove the policeman from 

Such information has come to us from many sections of 
the city that police gave as their reason for not enforcing the 
law that police commissioners stood in the way, and it is 
also a matter of common report that Mayor McCarthy, and 
perhaps Mayor Kichardson, have been frustrated in their 
attempts to enforce the laws of the city by the Board of 
Police Commissioners, who have used their power of appoint- 
ment and removal of policemen to protect vice and crime and 
to usurp the powers of the Mayor, contrary to the intent of 
the charter. 

The Idea. 


On July 23, 1908, A. J. Duke was arrested on warrant 
for stealing about $90 worth of cigarettes from the Southern 
Railway depot. Gilbert Pollock was his counsel and bail was 
fixed at $500, with a Mr. Meredith, a saloonkeeper of Jackson 
Ward, as bondsman. 

jSTearly a year and a half has elapsed and yet this $500 
bond has not been paid, nor has Mr. A. J. Duke shown up, for 
he skipped the town, though his bail was as surety that he 
would appear on the next day in the police court. On inquiry 
we learn from an official of the court that these bonds are 
rarely, if ever, collected in full, and seldom collected even 
in part. 

It can thus be understood why protected houses of ill fame 
can give bond to keep the peace and then continue their illegal 

This bonding business in Richmond seems to be merely 
a matter of bluff, or a means for certain hangers-on of the 
court, called straw-bailers, to make a living by going bail for 
a certain percentage. It's a profitable business for all parties 
concerned. Ten per cent, for going bail makes a profitable 
return when business is brisk. 

ISTow, though this is a very profitable matter of form with 
professional bailers, still it is a very serious consideration for 
those who do not get the favored straw-bailer or some friends 
of the gang to go the bail. 

Of course, if the editor of The Idea^ whose bail was put 
at the excessive sum of $1,000, should be fool enough to skip 
you can be sure that some one would have to loose $1,000, 
while a thief can go free and his bondsmen pay nothing. 

If the bonds and fines assessed in the police court were 
collected the city would be the gainer by more than $100,000 
each 3^ear and the tax rate of all the citizens could be reduced. 

Will the Police Board kindly tell us why a certain ])olice 
oflicer wlio was about to be retired on account of his disabilities 
was at the last moment retained, as it is rumored on the streets ? 

T h e I d e a . 7 

Was it because the officer had a suit against the Traction 
Company and it might hurt the Traction Company's chances 
if he were retired? 




Although Inspector Beck has repeatedly reported to the 
Council that coal furnished by ex-Councilman King, who 
served a jail term for doing the city in 1903, was not up to 
contract and was not fit to burn in the city's heating plants, 
not having sufficient steam producing qualities, still the former 
councilman's friends in the Council have told Mr. Beck, by 
their official action in refusing to nullify King's contract, that 
Mr. King's coal was good enough for them, however unfit it 
might be for the city. Mr. Beck had shown the committee 
that the city could save much money by paying more, if neces- 
sary, for good coal from other parties, but the committee 
seemed to thiuk that it was more important that they help 
Mr. King make a litttle money for himself than that they 
save it for the city, for the city is well able, to stand the loss. 
What does the tax-payer, who is the city, think of this action, 
and how long will he permit it ? 

Manchester Annexation 

The Bryan papers argaie that annexation of Manchester 
would increase the population of Richmond some 12,000. 

In the first place this is false on its face, and even if the 
census could show a gain it would not be an actual gain, for 
these people are already there and a gain in figures is not a 
gain in population and manufacturing interests coming here 

8 T h e I d e a . 

are not moved by mere figures without considering liow they 
are obtained. 

Besides this, it is now found that even if Manchester is 
annexed, the population will not show in the census until 
1920, because the 1910 census will be taken before the annexa- 
tion can be completed. 

Would it not be a farce to have a big ward — as the Man- 
chester end of Richmond would be — with a separate set of 
courts and management. \'\niat would you think of Clay 
Ward with a court-house and other institutions of its own, but 
so connected politically as to allow the city machine politician 
to get in his crooked work there also. 

The political crook would be helped ; the Bryan papers 
would be helped; the grafter would be helped, but neither the 
people of Richmond nor Manchester would gain. 

Will the citizens of Richmond stand for annexation merely 
for the private gain of a land boom company, in which the 
Bryan papers are largely interested ? 

Don't be fooled by hot-air talk of Greater Richmond. 
This community will be no greater by such a change, except 
in opportunity for political corruption. AVhen Richmond 
people take enough interest in their government to adopt a 
business-like management that will fit the conditions of a city 
of its present size then will be time enough to try to nm a 
larger project. 

Newsboys Attention 

Watch and Other Prizes 

Subscribe to The Idea now, as you may be sorry by not 
being abe to get a copy when you want one most. 

Last Saturday The Idea office had sold out at 11 o'clock. 

We don't print any to hold over. Of the 7,000 copies 
printed we expect to sell all out early this week. Subscribe 

T h e I d e a . 9 

and be sure to get all copies — $2 a year, $1 for six months. 
Address The Idea, 904 Capitol street, Richmond, Va. 

The Idea will give a handsome watch and nine other 
prizes to the successful boys in the ISTovember prize contest. 
Boys desiring to compete for the prizes to be given away for 
the month of ISTovember must comply with the following rules. 
Two sets of prizes will be given — one set for obtaining regu- 
lar customers ; another for selling the largest numbers of copies 
during the month. In the first contest, the one for regular 
weekly customers, boys will be given blanks to have filled out 
ordering Tpie Idea to be brought regularly. Each one properly 
filled out by subscribers will entitle the carrier to ten points 
in the contest. The ten boys getting the greatest number of 
weekly subscribers will be declared the winners, and handsome 
presents will be awarded for the work. 

Any boy may also compete in this contest by getting paid 
in advance yearly subscribers. Each yearly subscriber with 
$2 in cash in advance will count 100 points. Each six months 
subscriber with $1 in cash will count 50 points, and each 
three months subscriber with 50 cents in cash will count 25 
points. Thus, if a boy gets five paid in advance yearly sub- 
scribers he will get 500 points ; one six months subscription, 50 
points; one three months subscription, 25 points; thirty weekly 
subscriptions, 300 points. 


Every boy who gets Ideas must enter his name and address 
or else he cannot return his unsold Ideas. 

Each boy entering the contest for the greatest number of 
copies sold must certify that he himself sold the number 
credited to him at 5 cents a copy to bona fide buyers and not 
to other newsboys. 

T\nien boys buy from each other they cannot have returned 
copies unsold. 

Each boy from now on must enter his name in order to 
have the privilege of returning unsold copies of The Idea. 
Copies may be returned as late as Mondav nio-ht. 

10 T h e I d e a . 


News Gatherers 

Many readers of The Idea Saturday before last remarked 
on the similarity between the articles on Frank Cunningham 
in The Idea and in The Times-Dispatch. The Idea article 
was written early in the week and contained news which The 
Tiryies-Dispatch had not gotten. It was printed on Thursday 
and bound on Friday. Saturday The Times-Dispatch printed 
almost the same article, quoting the same laws which The Idea 
had unearthed, and offering the same line of argument and 

Now, the question is: Does The Times-Dispatch have to 
rely on The Idea to get at the bottom of such matters, or is 
it possible that the same article just occured to them on Friday 
night, four days after their attempt to cover up the whole 
matter, or did they actually know all those details early in 
the week and then publish them on Saturday after they found 
that The Idea was in possession of the facts? Readers may 
draw their own conclusions, which will not vary much if the 
remarkable similarity between the two articles is noticed. 

As The Idea stated some time ago, the Richmond daily 
papers will help along in the good work of purifying the 
political and moral and' official atmosphere of Richmond when 
they see they have to. 

They'll come, when thev have to. 


Whenever The Neivs Leader gets up an exceptionally good 
editorial they give it an obscure position for fear that some 
one will suspect them of being inclined to kick against the men 
who run Richmond. 

T h e I d e a . 11 

On ISlovember 10th that paper published the eilitorial be- 
low with no heading- to it, and so very few people saw it. It 
is so exceptionally worth while that we feel it deserves a wider 
reading, hence our clipping: 

Will somebody be kind enough to take the r(>('ords and a 
pencil and a sheet of paper and figure out how far the cost of 
the proposed municipal electric lighting plant already has 
exceeded the estimates, predictions and calculations of Engineer 
Trafford and the other friends of that enterprise? If this is 
done, we would like Engineer Trafford, or somebobdy else, 
to tell us how much more the plant is to cost than we were told 
it would cost. This information would be useful and instruc- 
tive just now to the people of Kichmond. We have spent some 
money and bound ourselves to some contracts, but it is not 
too late to halt if we should find halting to be necessary. We 
had better pay some forfeits and damages than to involve our- 
selves in indefinite and unlimited expense. 

Yesterday it was announced that $3,100 additional is want- 
ed for an additional tail race and wheel chamber and that if 
the excavations for these are not made immediately the cost 
will be $9,000, while the wheels and generators to be installed 
later, to add 600 horse power, will cost $12,000. Was anything 
said of this in the original estimate when the council was asked 
to provide for the plant ? 

We do not object especially to the experiment of a munici- 
pal electric lighting plant. If it fails to be profitable there is 
an even chance that the city may get back most of its money 
from^some private corporation. We do think, however, 
is time to do some figuring and to gather for the tax-payers a 
clear idea of what the cost really is to be. 

If you want to read a man's private correspondence have 
him arrested on some trumped up criminal charge and get the 
Richmond police department to read his private correspond- 
ence and tell you what they learned. 

It is more dangerous to expose crime than it is to commit 
crime, in Richmond. 

12 T h e I d e a . 

Is the vaunted freedon of the press to discuss public acts 
and affairs only a name after all. 

If The Idea tells the truth it's libellous, is it ? If a public 
official perjures himself he is guilty of "no intentional wrong- 


Councilmen can not do work for the city and yet police 
commissioners, though public officials, can take contracts for 
city work, even when it is in their own department. Mr. Chris 
Manning, plumber and commissioner, put the plumbing in the 
First Police Station and if one will go by there and look on 
he will find on the fixtures "C. Manning's Favorite." It seems 
to be a kind of recognized right that city officials may be in- 
terested financially in city contract work. 


Though The Idea office is within a block of the city hall, 
still the police bearing the warrant for the arrest of the Editor 
waited until night when the Editor was on his way to report 
a meeting of the city council, the correct report of whose pro- 
ceedings the people look to The Idea to furnish, especially in 
a case where an investigation is to be ordered, for the other 
papers help in any whitewashing that is to be done. 

Rumor has it that the time was fixed at night so that the 
editor would be kept in jail or away from friends until court 
time in the morning. ITotice that he was taken to the Second 
Police Station in the West End though the First police station 
was much nearer. 

The fact that the bond was put at $1,000 though three hun- 
dred is the amount fixed for such cases, ought to show the peo- 

T h e I d e a . 13 

pie something of police methods in Richmond. When one has 
a jnst cause it is not necessary to show venom or persecution. 
Midnight methods are not adopted by those who are inno- 


The Journal of Tuesday Said 

"In cases of criminal libel, the accused is not allowed to 
prove the truth of his assertions as a bar to the prosecution, 
but may prove it in mitigation of punishment. This propo- 
sition may be hard for the lay mind to grasp, but lawyers will 
quickly see it. 

''To illustrate: The policy of the law is to discountenance 
any sort of a libellous statement, whether true or not, as it is 
calculated to bring about a breach of the peace and thus create 

"On the other hand, where the printed statement is true, the 
accused is allowed to shoAv this, and may thus modify his pun- 
ishment to such an extent that the penalty may be merely nom- 
inal. Certainly no fair minded jury would be apt to bear 
hard on a prisoner charged with libel, who clearly proved the 
truth of his written statements." 

These remarks are about true in reference to private indi- 
viduals but the laws are entirely different as to the latitude 
allowed publication concerning ]niblic officials. What is libel 
in one case is not libel in another. 

The facts about a private individual's life are not public 
property. The facts of a public official's life are, and even 
broader latitude is given the press, for in certain cases even 
false publications are not libellous, ^he Idea's statements 
however, are true. 

If the police department will profit by the notes which they 
took away from the Editor there will be some big arrests soon 
in old Hichmond. If thev read the notes about a gambling 

14 T h e I d e a . 

den as carefully as they did a private letter to the Editor there 
eyes might be opened. But they know all about it anyhow. 

According to the Journal, if a man commits murder and a 
paper prints the facts then the paper is liable to damages even 
if it is true. Wise Journal — in law! 


To keep my health ! 

To do my work ! 

To live! 

To see to it that I gTow and gain and give ! 

Xever to look behind me for an hour! 

To wait in weakness, and to walk in power; 

But always fronting onward to the light. 

Always and always facing toward the right. 

Robbed, starved, defeated, fallen, wide astray — 

On, with what strength I have. 

Back to the way ! 

Charlotte Perhins Stetson. 


The Journal Further States 

"It is not known what course counsel for Mr. Yoder will 
follow, though it would appear that if the defendant seeks to 
establish the truth of his allegations, the burden of proof will 
be on him. And even then, as has been said, he cannot com- 
pletely exculpate himself. 

"Police- Commissioner Gordon feels confident that the guilt 
of the editor will be established. It is said on good authority 
that Mr. Gordon was -not even in the court room on the day 
the two disreputable women had a hearing." 

The Idea never charged that Gordon was present when 
"the two disreputable women had a hearing." 

In the preliminary hearing the trials of the two women 
were postponed to sr]iavate flays, one was in one week; the other 

T h e I d e a . 15 

in the next. The Idea said that Gordon and Manning were 
behind Justice John in the trial of the Malloy woman which 
is true, and Mr. Gordon does not deny it, though the Journal 
article evidently was intended to prejudice the mind of the 
people against the Editor. 

The trouble with the daily papers is that public opinion 
is often molded by the false or twisted statements of irrespon- 
sible reporters. A half truth is often worse than a lie. 


A merchant reports to The Idea that he learns from the 
City Hall that the chestnut venders on Broad and Main streets, 
about twenty in all, are paying no license for their privilege 
of selling chestnuts on the sidewalk. This, he argues, is not 
just, as he has to pay a high license and other dealers should 
be required to do likewise. 

The question is, who protects these fellows from the police 
that this clear violation of the law is not stopped ? 


I sit 'ncath a weeping willow tree; 
And as I sit I dream of thee 
And think that wert thou gone from me 
My life would droop and bended be 
As droops the weeping willow tree. 

Three years have flown; full many a day 
Has wrought its change, and gone for aye ; 
And O, fair one of my life's bright May ! 
Thy voice is hushed — sweet roundelay. 
Thy young life flitted far away. 

Again I sit 'neath the willow tree ; 

And as I sit I dream of thee, 

And know, since now thou'rt gone from me, 

My life shall never ceasing be 

An ever weeping willow tree. 

Alyn O'Bare. 

For Reliable 

AND HEATERS :-: :-: 



Cash or Credit 1418-1420 E. Main St. 

I P R I Z E S I 

-> FOR r 


1 Newsboys who g:et the greatest number of weekly subscribers and \ 

I otnet prizes to those who sell the most copies. P 

J The C ontest vill begin with the 1st of November and boys desiring to com- f 


The C ontest vill begin with the 1st of November and boys desiring to com- 
pete should begin today to work for their weekly subscriptions. 

Boys should leave their names at the time of getting their papers so that 
we may keep an accurate record of their sales. 

Some time ago The Idea gave away a Watch and nine other valuable 

prizes, and the winning boys did good work. One boy selling 

112 copies of The Idea of one issue. There is good 

money in it for the boys besides the prizes. 


Is to-day tlie mightiest factor in the 
business world. It is an evolution of 
modern industrial competition. It is a 
business-builder, with a potency that 
goes beyond human desire. It is some- 
thing more than a "drummer" knock- 
ing at the door of the consumer 

something more than mere salesman- 
ship on paper. It is a positive, 
creative force in business. It builds 
factories, skyscrapers and railroads. 
It makes two blades of grass grow in 
the business world w^here only one 
grew before. It multiplies human 
wants and intensities human desires. 
It furnishes excuse for timorous and 
hesitating ones for possessing the 
things which under former conditions 
they could easily get along without. 
^ The human mind is so constructed 
that it is appreciably affected by repe- 
tition — and. after all, advertising is 
only repetition. 

Truman A. DeJfeese. 

1 Farms for AH, i arge or Small ! 


Timbe: Lands 

Country Homes 

Mineral Lands 

Suburban Homes 


Any Kind and Every Price. If You Want to Buy or Sell See 

Casselman Sn Company 



Send for Catalogue VlkQIINIA 1108 E. Main Street W|0 






Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk 
Paving, Halls, Vestibules, Basements, Ac. 

PHONE 1821 

Crj) The fdilor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, 
fyA and he takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work 
^ and straight forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled. 






Vol. Ill 

Nov. 27, 1909 

No. 26 

$2.00 A YEAR 


For Sale Ai All News Stands 

Editor and Publisher. 904 Capitol St., Richmond, Va. 




We have in our Fall Stock, and are 
showing special good values in 


We invite your inspection 



zA Full Line 

Hunting Shoes and Boots 
For Your Selection. 



726 East o^VIain Street 







You wish the best Flavoring Extracts, Essences and 
Spices for your Table. 

The best Soap, Perfumery and Toilet Requisites for 
your family and guests. 

The best Steel Enameled, Rubber and Glass Goods for your sick. 

We have them as low as they can be sold, as well as Medicines 
of unexcelled quality, which conform strictly to the United States 
Pure Food and Drug Law. 

You want information as to what is best to give medical students 
at Christmas, January 1st or at Commencement Exercises. This we 
can give you of the most satisfactory character. 





A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill NOVEMBER 27, 1909 No. 26 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Ybab 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mail matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond, Va. 


Is the Freedom of the Press Only 
a Name in Virginia? 

Some Very Pertinent Remarks About the Methods 
now Being Used to Destroy This Paper 

The Editor of this paper has every reason to believe that 
the varioiTS assaults and warrants and suits now and in the 
past made against the publisher and even the printer of The 
Idea are but part of a deliberate and carefully made plan to 
destroy this paper and thus put an end to the exposal of official 
wrong-doing in Richmond. While the ISTational Constitution 
and the Virginia Constitution guarantee to all the freedom, 
both of press and speech, still no statute law exists prohibiting 
evil-minded persons from destroying not only the liberty of 
the press but the very press itself by suits and criminal charges^. 

2 T h c I d e a . 

Ill Eiigiand no man may simply by a warrant force a pub- 
lisher into court and make liim pay for defence regardless of 
his offence. There no one save the Attorney General himself 
can issue such a warrant and then only when he has been fully 
satisfied that there is just cause for it. But here in Virginia, 
home of the first American resistance to English misgovern- 
ment, a petty justice of the peace, whether he has seen a law 
book or not, may issue a warrant which compels a man to 
spend hundreds of dollars in defence and may immediately 
destroy his ability to publish, without any inquiry into the 
justice of the charge brought, and the only possible salvation 
lies in the public indignation and aid of private citizens. 


Three libel suits have been entered against the printers of 
The Idea, to one of which tlie Editor is made a party, and 
one criminal libel warrant against the Editor alone, all with- 
out a single denial of any of the so-alled liheUous articles. ■ 

The fact seems to be that the establishment of the falsity 
of the charges will not be attempted, the object of the charges 
being to kill the publication by financial embarrassment through 
legal expenses and by rendering it unprofitable to printers to 
print it. The authorities are not so much afraid of what has 
been published in The Idea as of what will be published in 
The Idea concerning the evil doings of public officials, for 
they know the nature of the evidence in our possession which 
shows coimcilmen and other city officials directly interested 
in ^'protected" illegal houses whose main business is the in- 
fraction of the law. Because of these things word has gone 
forth that The Idea must be destroyed, and to that end the 
printers, who are not the publishers, and are in no way a party 
to the publishing of The Idea save as employees to do certain 
job work just as a stenographer is simply an employe — these 
printers are harassed with suits and forced to defend them- 
selves and must spend forsooth many hundreds of dollars, even 
though they be absolutely innocent both morally and before 
the law. As a result no one can blame the Williams Printing 
Company for refusing to further print The Idea when the 
takiiia of this work subjects them, thotio-h innocent, to untold 

T h e I d e a . 3 

exjK'iise and worry and I he loss <il" \id liable time in coui'i. As 
the Kditor is not able personally lo boar this expense him- 
self, unless he can call on those who believe in justice and 
fair play to come to his aid and stand back of the printers 
to the extent of the legal expenses then the Williams Printing 
Company can not continue to do this work and have so in- 
formed the management of this paper. 


The Idea is therefore forced to call on the good people of 
Richmond to come to its aid. If The Idea does not appear 
next v^eek it will mean that the grafters of Richmond have, 
at least temporarily, gained an enormous victory over publicity 
and the forces which stand for law enforcement and fair play. 
The Idea has been entirely alone in this fight against munici- 
pal corruption and mismanagement and extravagance and it 
is confidently predicted that should The Idea be stopped in 
its crusade against evil then the daily papers will drift back 
into complete suppression and concealment of the facts in 
which they were engaged before The Idea appeared, and from 
which they have partially aroused. 

Many friends of the right have offered their aid but we 
feel that there are many more who would gladly give of their 
means to see the fight continue. The men of the Allen &: Gin- 
ter branch of The American Tobacco Company have gotten 
together and raised twenty-one dollars and other individual 
■contributions have been received. These have been turned 
over to the Rev. Tilden Shearer who has been selected by a 
committee of citizens to receive the necessary funds. 

Many citizens have enquired as to the needs of the situa- 
tion, and we believe that when the men of Richmond realize 
what a concerted and cowardly attempt is being made to sup- 
press this apper, because they fear the turning on of the light, 
they will rally to the standard of justice and liberty and' be 
glad to offer their financial help to see that this cause of the 
people is properly defended in the courts. 

We therefore call on the people to send to the Rev. Tilden 
Shearer, Ginter Park, Richmond, Virginia, any funds for 

4 T h e I d e a . 

this fight. . The Idea can live without these legal 
expenses and will be able to pay a part of them, 
but can not pay much for it is entirely dependent on its cir- 
culation for its means of subsistence. Good lawyers are, of 
course, expensive, but it is absolutely necessary to get good 
ones when the opposition is composed of politicians and office- 
holders, parties to the machine that is responsible for all the 
political graft and corruption in the city. 

Your well wishes and good intentions, 'A\ough gi'ate vully 
received and always deeply appreciated will not avail much at 
this time, but your financial help, however small or however 
large, will so efi^ectively help as to completely overthrow the 
ring and compel the officers of the law both to respect and en- 
force the laws of the commonwealth. 


The trial of the Editor on the warrant for criminal libel 
will come up in police court Friday of this week, too late to 
be reported for this issue, but the next issue will have some very 
pointed things to say — do not miss it, as much inside informa- 
tion has been received, which together with the facts of that 
trial will show the people how damnably corrupt the manage- 
ment of affairs of Richmond has gotten. 

The events of the past few weeks should of themselves open 
the eyes of the citizens to the fact that it is possible for a mem- 
ber of the political crowd to use the whole force of the govern- 
mental machine to carry out his personal desires. If the trial 
turns out as it is planned by the gang appeal will be taken to 
a jury in the Hustings court. 

Let the men of Richmond who feel most the extravagance 
and corruption of the present rotten and crooked administra- 
tion, — the working men — band together, and no power on 
earth can stop the progress of reform. It is a well known fact 
that all movements for better conditions must be backed by the 
great body of the people, the men who toil, before any lasting 
good can be accomplished. You bear the burden of bad govern- 
ment. Will you help fight for good government ? 

The Idea 


"To See That Proper Inferences Are Drawn" 

Much has been said of the rights and liberties of the press. 
Has enough been said of its duty ? The press may have a legal 
right to do a thing which duty forbids it to do. When it has, 
however, both the right and the duty to publish, then let no 
one oppose. The Idea claims not only the right to publish 
the truth and to "draw any reasonable inferences therefrom," 
but claims also that as a public newspaper, it would not have 
a right to exist if it did not both publish the facts and also 
draw any reasonable inferences therefrom and criticize just 
as harshly as the circumstances justify any j)ublic acts of any 
public officials. If the press of this city had dared to do its 
duty in the past there would not only be no question now 
raised as to the rights of this paper, but there would be abso- 
lutely no need of this paper undertaking its present danger- 
ous and necessary work of exposing evil. 

The Philadelphia Press of last Sunday, iS^ovember 21st, gave 
a long account of the proceedings in the criminal libel suit 
of the government against the Indianapolis News in which the 
judge, in throwing the case out of court said : 


"On the other hand a newspaper has a public duty to per- 
form. It is its business to discuss these political questions. It 
is not only its privilege, but it is the duty of the owners of a 
paper to, in the language of a former President, "print the 
news and tell the truth about it," and it is the duty of the 
owners of a paper to tell the people of the United States what 
the facts are as far as they can find out, and see that proper 
inferences are drawn, and if the indications point to the wrong- 
doing of anybody, it is their duty to talk about it, speak out 
and talk about it." 

(5 T h e I d e a . 

The Idea claims that if it, as a public institution, did not 
dare to "talk about" and "criticize" and "see that proper infer- 
ences are drawn" from the public acts of the city -officials it 
would not be any more worthy to exist than those other news- 
])apers of this city which "encumber the ground" and "bear 
no fruit." 

Even if The Idea had "technically passed the line" of 
rig'htful discussion the above quoted Judge Anderson claims 
that even then the liberty of the press can not be abridged. He 
said : 

"It is one of the incidents of public life, one of the penal- 
ties of those who hold public positions or semi-public positions 
— one of those things that is incident to those situations — it 
is a question sometimes whether or not liberty is not more 
safely guarded by passing over discussions which technically 
pass the line." 

Josiah Quincy on the Impeachment of Public Officers in 
January, 1768: 

''Woe unto the Land when the Greatnes-=; of Hie Criribinal 
shall dismay his Accusers, and his Authority shall make the 
rif/hteous Man to tremble; lohen the enormous Power of Guilt 
shall exalt itself ahorse the Judgment-Seat and hid Defiance to 
the Trilnmal of Justice!" 


Notice the fact that James Robinson has been convicted 
and his testimony is thus destroyed for use against Alvey, the 
one "higher up" charged by the committee with being respon- 
sible for the whole grain graft. 

Notice this too, that though the special investigating com- 
mittee, after a careful hearing, decided to recommend a suit 
against Alvey for the recovery of damages and the council 
voted t<i uphold them, still all this was set aside by a motion 

T h e I d e a . 1 

of Mr. Ellett that the report be sent back to the I'munitlec 
with instructions to compromise. 

Thus it is that under our present councilmanic plan the 
city may be robbed of untold amounts and has to rc;^ort to a 
compromise for fear that a thief will be detected stealing from 
the city. What will the Commonwealth's Attorney (lo'< It is 
hoped he will do his duty. What the coni;cil decides to do is 
none of his business. 


While free from Force the Press remains, 
Virtue and Freedom cheer our plains; 
This Nurse of Arts, and Freedom's Fence, 
To chain, is Treason against Sense : 
And Liberty, thy thousand Tongues 
None silence who design no Wrongs ; 
For those who use the Gag's Restraint, 
First Rob, before they stop Tomplaint. 

— Benjmnin Franklin. 


Everyone recognizes the fact that running a public gamb- 
ling house is one of the most heinous crimes that can be com- 
mitted, because it is not only so closely connected with the 
houses of ill fame as it was in the case of Sam Kaufman, who 
has just been pardoned, but because it is the means also of 
undermining our banks and businesses as well. 

A negro may innocently (ignorantly, therefore innocently) 
engage in a crap game and have to go to jail for thirty days 
and no one interests himself in his release if he has a family 
to support and has been supporting them by honest methods. 
But when a big criminal, like Sam Kaufman, who has been 
a notorious gambler for vears, and has at least three times been 

« T h e I d e a . 

arrested, and at last convicted for it on the most convincing 
kind of evidence, is at last put in jail, the judge of that court 
in company with Gilbert K. Pollock, intercedes for him with 
the Governor and the criminal is pardoned because he has a 
family to support when his means of supporting that family 
ias been the running of a notorious gambling house, and we 
have not yet learned of the release of the young man whom 
he had used as a tool and a cat's paw and who had gone on the 
stand and falsified for him — Kaufman. 

The paper states he was pardoned on condition that he leave 
the State at once and remain forever away. 

What right has this State to exile its gamblers to other 
States which have troubles of their own. Besides the question 
of moral right, this city whose officers by the laxity of law en- 
forcement have made Kaufman's business profitable and who 
know him are better able to keep him from gambling and to 
protect society from his crimes than other States to which he 
may go as an unknown gambler. 

Our country excludes criminals which other countries 
would dump on America and yet Governor Swanson dumps our 
notorious criminals on a sister State. 

It is indeed remarkable that Gilbert Pollock can get Jus- 
tice Crutchfield and Governor Swanson to do such an unjust 


Richmond Ladies Protest 

A delegation of the ladies of the city has called on The 
Idea to agitate the passage of a bill through the coming legis- 
lature making it unlawful to use the national flag for adver- 
tising purposes as is being done to-day in Richmond by the 
Schlitz beer people of Milwaukee. 

That the stars and stripes should be defamed by being 
used to advertise beer is a shame on the State. The Attorney 

T h e I d e a . 9 

General of Maryland has ordered all such bills posted through- 
out that State to be removed forthwith. 

It is earnestly hoped that the next legislature will pass a 
similar law in Virginia. 

If the government can suppress a piece of ragtime music, 
referring too lightly to the flag, surely it is time Virginia wa? 
following her sister states in stopping the use of the flag for 
1;he advertisement of beer. 

Let some legislator make himself popular with the men. 
as well as the ladies, by offering such a measure at the coming 
session and he will do the cause of purity and' respect for the 
flag a great service as well. The following is a dispatch from 
Baltimore : 


Baltimore, Md.. October 16. — ^'There may be some ques- 
tion," said State's Attorney Owen, "as to who discovered the 
I^orth Pole but there is no question about the use of the flag 
at the pole on a beer advertisement, and the flag will have to 
come down." 

Mr. Owen ordered a Milwaukee brewer to take down all 
its advertisements throughout the State on which is u=?ed a 
picture of the flag in connection with the discovery of the pole. 
The picture shows the Arctic explorer holding a flag in one 
liand and pointing with the other to a case of beer. The State's 
Attorney had received a number of protests agaiu^i- the use of 
pictures of the flag for such a purpose. 


!N"ow one of the essential ingredients of crime is guilty in- 
tent. It occurs to me that before a man can be guilty of a 
crime for libel that there has to be present that guilty intent. 
This question as to expressed and implied malice shades into 
nothing when you get right down to the cases. 

Anything wrong that is done by one person ^'^ anothtM,- is 

10 T h e 1 d e a . 

a tort, it is not a crime. I am at a loss to know how an act can 
be made a crime unless there is present that thing, an abso- 
lutely essential thing in all crime, the malicious intent. So when 
it comes to a question of conditional privilege and malice, the 
fact that it is a public matter, publicly discussed, of public in- 
terest will have a good deal to do with it. — From the steno- 
graphic report of the remarks of U. S. Judge Anderson of In- 
diana in the criminal libel case against the Indianapolis News. 
The case was dismissed. 


Praise at Last 

The Fire Commissioners 


As the ancient Greek said when he made a long sought 
discovery, so says The Idea after a long search for good and 
clean management of affairs in Richmond — Eureka, I have 
found it ! 

If one can judge by the methods and manners of this 
board in open session (they have no secret meetings) they are 
a conscientious and fair-minded body. 

It is true that The Idea believes that other departments 
of the city government of Richmond are well managed, but we 
have not yet had occasion to examine into them and so find out. 

Much has been said about the Firemen's Relief Association 
and' the attitude of the BkDard of Fire Commissioners in the 
matter. During the discussion now going on the papers have 
tried to make it appear that there was a big row between the 
men and the commissioners. There is indeed a A'ast difference 

T h e I d e a . 11 

of opinion which it appeal's will right itself when all parties 
concerned understand each other, but it is confidently said 
that the firemen have nothint;; to fear from a close irK|uiry into 
the good to be derived from the proposed cliaiigc in their in- 
surance organization. 

The Editor of Tiie Idea was impressed with the fair- 
mindedness and freedom of the discussion last week at the city 
hall. Much was said which must help the firemen to settle 
their difficult question to the bt'st advantage of all concerned, 
but The Idea desires to say a few words for the benefit of 
the present members of the Firemen's Relief Association and 
for all the men of the department. 

The chairman of the board is insis'tent that the money now 
being donated to the firemen shall not be used to help men 
who have long ago left the department. It should be remem- 
bered, however, that the money given to the department when 
they were members was used to pay death claims and these 
present non-firemen have gotten nothing, though it is largely 
their money that makes up the $23,000 now in the Relief As- 
sociation, and they have been paying money into the associa- 
tion, some of them for the last eighteen years. Of course these 
men might not have just cause to object if the Relief Associa- 
tion should dissolve and they be paid of the funds left amounts 
apportioned to the time they had severally been members. 

Then too, new members have a right to object to being 
taxed $240.00 a year as are new policemen by the Police Be- 
nevolent Association to which each policeman miist belong^ — 
for so says the board. 

This is not only an exorbitant sum to pay for health in- 
surance, but it is not right to compel a man to belong to an 
organization to which he has no desire to belong. The worst 
feature of the Police Benevolent Association seems to be the 
fact that the policemen who resign from the force can not get 
back a cent of these large amounts he has been compelled to 
pay. ISTo wonder the Police Benevolent Association is rich, 
though the individuals who were compelled to make it so may 
be as poor as the proverbial turkey. 

Let the firemen form a Bienevolent Association modeled 
somewhat after the police organization, but membership should 

12 T h e I d e a . 

mot he compulsory and the dues should not be excessive so as 
to pile up unnecessary money for the benefit of borrowers to 
:t,he detriment of those who foot the bill. 

If firemen are killed or injured in service it is the duty of 
the city to render necessary aid and fellow firemen should not 
have to bear the burden by the payment of high rates of health 



(from a poe-m by s. e. e:iser.) 

jHe was chosen by the people to protect -their sacred rights, 
IBut he added to their hardships and he lessened their delights ; 
"He betrayed his trust for profits that no honest man would' 

JPrizing riches more than glory, he gained wealth but died in 

Here he lies and here his record has been set where all may 

read ; 
He was chosen for high honors which he sacrificed for Greed. 


O take me back to the farm, dear, 

I'm tired of the city's strife. 
■O give back the healing balm, dear. 

Of the country's lovely life. 

These houses and streets and strange faces, 

Artificial and vanity seem 
When I think nf the love-haunted places 

That sweetened mv childhood's dream. 

The Idea. 15 

Just now o'er llic imisc of the street, clear, 

A sound familiar came, 
'Twas the clatter of liomeo's feet, dear. 

Young Romy so wild and so tame. 

And then 'twas the lowing of kine, dear, 
As the cattle were coming home, 

And Daisy, that heifer (jf mine, dear, 
The first to the bars to roam. 

And then from down by the barn, dear, 

I heard my pet rooster crow. 
And from over the near-by tarn, dear. 

The bob white soft and low. 

The giiineas and turkeys I saw, dear,. 

In the orchard over the lane, 
And the cornfield crow with his caw. dear. 

Was mocking the gobbler vain. 

And then while the morning was still, dear,. 

" 'Twas burst with a medley of sound 
As the hill gave back to the hill, dear. 
The deep-voiced bay of the hound. 

And out of the woods came the pack, «:lcar,. 

And louder grew the refrain. 
But as they turned and went back, dear. 

It died in the forest again. 

And there was Fox and Belle, dear. 
The shepherds of father's sheep. 

And their pups at play by the well, dear, 
And Prince on the porch asleep. 

And father came in from the field, dear. 
With Charley and Bob to the plow — 

iSTo, no, it wasn't a dream, dear ; 
I saw them in rev'ry just now. 

So take me back to the farm, dear. 

The city's no place to stay. 
'Tis filled with sorrow and harm. dear. 

Tho' brilliant and noisv and oav. 

14 T h e I d e a . 

There's no time to live in its rush, dear. 

To hear and to scent' and to see. 
The sky and the rose and the thrush, dear, 
. Are no longer for you and me. 

'The -flowers that bloom in the dell, dear. 
Are blooming to-day as of yore ; 

The thrush is bursting to tell, dear. 
His story of love as before. 

The sky and the mountain and vale, dear 
Are as bright and as high and as sweet, 

And will us as quickly regale, dear, 
As when on the old rustic seat 

You told me your love in the twilight, 
And said you'd grant every prayer. 

I only ask that mine eyes might 
Rest on the old home there. 

And that 1 might tread to the spring, dear. 
The path that my childhood trod, 

And hear the mocking ])ird sing, dear. 
His wildly sweet praises to God. 

And drink as I used to of old, dear. 

From the long-handled gourd on the sill. 

That water so crystal cold, dear — 
I taste it in memory still. 

And pluck once more the wild rose, dear. 

The violet, daisy and fern. 
And learn from the lily's repose, dear. 

The lesson God wants me to learn. 

And list to the sigh of the breeze, dear. 
In its endless amorous strain 

As it whispers its love to the trees, dear. 
And the trees make answer ngain. 

So speed me back to the farm, dear. 

Away from the city's strife. 
I long for the healing balm, dear. 

Of the country's lovely life. 

T h e I a e a . 15 

These Ikmisos and streets and strange faces, 

Artiticial and vanity seem. 
When I think of the love haunted places, 

That sweetened my childhood's dream. 

For my home in the country I'm sighing. 

To live and to lay me to rest, 
For whether for living or dying, 

The country — God made it — is best. 

— Alyn O'Dare. 


It is noticed that the Chief of P'olice is driven tc* and from 
his office, not by a $20-a-month negro driver, but on the other 
hand a $100-or-so-a-month policeman is detailed to act as 
driver, and thus the city looses some $80 a month, all because 
we have no managing head of the police department wlio is 
directly responsible to the people. 

The constitution puts the Mayor at the head of this de- 
partment in a more especial sense than at the head of other 
departments, although he is the real responsible head of all 
departments, and yet it seems nobody's business to kec]) down 

The real trouble lies in the fact that certain men have to 
be rewarded by the machine for certain services rendered, not 
to the people, but to this machine, and as a result other officials. 
who would like to see things righted, find that they, too. are 
under obligations to the machine, and so everybody keeps quiet 
while the tax-payer pays the bill. 

It is doubtful if with the expenditure of a million dollars 
more the city will havc^ a complete working settlino- basin. 

For T{eliable 

AND HEATERS :-: :-: 



Cash or Credit 1418-1420 E. Main St. 

{ P R I Z E S j 

"\ FOR r 


Newsboy who gfet the greatest number of weekly subscribers and 
other prizes to those who sell the most copies. 

The Contest vill begin with the 1st of November and boys desiring to com- 
pete should be^ni today to work for their weekly subscriptions. 

Boys should leave their names at the time of getting their papers so that 
we may keep an accurate record of their sales. 

Some time ago The Idea gave away a Watch and nine other valuable 

prizes, and the winning boys did good work. One boy selling 

112 copies of The Idea of one issue. There is good 

money in it for the boys besides the prizes. 


Is to-day the mightiest factor in the 
business world. It is an evolution of 
modern industrial competition. It is a 
business-builder, with a potency that 
goes beyond human desire. It is some- 
thing more than a "drummer" knock- 
ing at the door of the consumer 

something more than mere salesman- 
ship on paper. It is a positive, 
creative force in business. It builds 
factories, skyscrapers and railroads. 
It makes two blades of grass grow in 
the business world where only one 
grew before. It multiplies human 
wants and intensifies human desires. 
It furnishes excuse for timorous and 
hesitating ones for possessing the 
things which under former conditions 
they could easily get along without. 
5[ The human mind is so constructed 
that it is appreciably affected by repe- 
tition — and, after all, advertising is 
only repetition. 

— Truman A. DeWeese, 



Jefferson Chemical Cleaning 
and Dyeing Works 

No Cleaner Can Clean 
A Cleaner Suit Cleaner 
Than A Clean Cleaner 
Can Clean 

Phone Mad. 6030 

We Dye Seventy- One Colors 
cyill Work Done As It Ought To Be 

2225 E. Gary St. 





Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk 
Paving, Halls, Vestibules, Basements, Ac. 

PHONE 1821 

The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, 
and he takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work 
and straight forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled. 




Vol. Ill 

December 4, 1909. 

No. 27 





^[■■'■ii lKW| 


^M m ^t mM 








We h:ive in our Fall Stock, and are 
showing special gi>od values in 


We invite your inspection 

— 1 



Q You wish the best Flavoring Extracts, Essences and 

Q Spices for your Table. 

The best Soap, Perfumery and Toilet Requisites for 
your family and guests. 

The best Steel Enameled, Rubber and Glass Goods for your sick. 

We have them as low as thev can be sold, as well as Medicines 
of unt-xcclled quality, which conform strict.y to the United States 
Pure Food and Drug Law. 

You want informanon as to what is best to give medical students 
at Chr'Stmas, January 1st or ar Commmcement Exercises. This wc 
can give you of the most satisfactory character. 


200 EAST Marshall STkEET 




A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill NOVEMBER 27, 1909 No. 27 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 
904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mail matter July 10. 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond, Va. 


To The Rescue 

Ex-Governor Glenn, of Nortli Carolina, in an eloquent ap- 
peal last Sunday for means with which to better conditions in 
the home missionary fields of the Southern Presbyterian Church 
told of the report made by two distin^iished students of Amer- 
ican social conditions. The one, a distniguished Frenchman, 
and the other a distinguished Englishman, made .separate tours 
through our cities and made remarkably similar reports, show- 
ing the tendency toward decay of American institutions due to 
the corrupt alliance between political grafters and all manner 
of vice, "and," the Governor added, "the papers and the crook- 
ed politicians immediately said it was all a lie." 

Likewise here in Richmond, as The Idea exposes the rot- 
tenness of political alliances with the criminal element of the 
city, Alfred Williams can't keep quiet, but joins with the evil 
politicians in firing at The Idea. 

In Tuesday's Evening Leader the valiant editot, whom South 
Carolina imposed on Virginia, makes bold to repeat that the 


editor of The Idea came all the way from Lynchburg, as if it 
were a crime for a native Virginian to pnblish a paper in Rich- 
mond, his own Capital City, while an exile South Carolinian 
had certain rights and privileges which natives did not possess. 

We would remind Mr. Alfred Williams that there are lots 
of good people in this city who are ashamed of and disguested 
with the fact that his subsidized and commercialized evening 
sheet ever made its appearance in their midst. 

Ko wonder Mr. Williams is mad when it is remembered that 
not only is his paper the recognized mouthpiece of the whiskey 
interests of the State, which are responsible for all the rotten- 
ness and corruption which The Idea is exposing, but also some 
time ago The Idea had occasion to expose a big prize contest 
scheme whereby a certain Broad street pool room manager who 
maj^es his living by corrupting the youth of the city, carried 
off a house and lot given by the same News-Leader, although 
the pool room man had no bona fide subscriptions to the paper, 
and the real workers who had spent so much time and labor to 
help out the weak little sheet had to force the matter into the 
courts, where perhaps some day in the far distant future they 
may get justice. 

It is also worthy of attention to notice the News-Leader edi- 
torial reference to '^Ten Thousand a Year," and to call to mind 
that that book was written as a fling at the crooked legal pro- 
cedure of that day in England, and that the main characters 
are three lawyers, Quirk, Gamon and Snap, whom we would 
liken to three slick articles whose habitat is Justice John 
Crutchfi eld's court. Oily Gamon would be quickly recognized, 
and we would "name the culprits" but for fear of more crimi- 
nal libel suits (these pesky little affairs take so much time and 

Though we do not remember having seen the book in the last 
fifteen years, we are of the impression that the "Yorkshire 
Stingo." a minor affair in the book, was invented by the author 
to show up just such papers as the News-Leader, which boast, 
as the News-Leader did, in the very article herein referred to, 
of "fighting graft and political influence." 


Whal- do the people care if the News-Leader did fight graft 
as thej claim ''in the old days." 

The biggest croo]<: in the world can point to a time in the 
dim and distant past when he too was pure and clear, but The 
Idea charges tliat the News-Leader's influence to-day is evil, 
and everybody knows it. 

It is barely possible, however, that Mr. Williams, the hired 
editor, would sometimes get on the right side of a question if 
his hands were not tied by those who dictate the policy of his 

AVe notice that the News-Leader claims that they too have 
had many suits against them "in the past." 

Is it the fear of suits that made them so careful as not to 
expose graft in the present ? It is significant that they are not 
being "sued for libel" in the present. 

Suits may have quieted the News-Leader, but The Idea 
will continue its work in spite of suits and warrants. 

Citizens Contribute 

Certain citizens who believe in the Freedom of the Press 
have met and organized with the determination to see a fellow- 
citizen protected in this right and to see fair play. All who arc 
in sympathy with this movement are called upon to contribute 
to a fund to cover fees of attorneys employed in Mt. Yoder':- 
behalf. Contributions sent to the undersigned will be acknowl- 
edged at once. TILDEN SCHEREE, 

Cliairman, Ginter Park, Richmond, Va. 

Or 'Phone Madison 2686 or Madison 965-J. 

About $100 has been subscribed so far to the above fund. 
Do not let this opportunity go b}'- to strike a blow at corruption 
before it is too late. Erom three to five hundred dollars may 
he needed if this case is carried to the Supreme Court. 


South Boston, Va., Nov. 28, 1909. 

Editor The Idea, Richmond, Va. : 

I am sorry to see from the papers that certain parties are 
trying to harrass and persecute you to such an extent that your 
paper may be killed. I believe your paper is doing great good 
by opening the eyes of the people of Richmond to what is go- 
ing on, and no one in public office should object to his acts be- 
ing known to his constituents; they have a right to know it all, 
be it good or bad. I bolieve that your idea is "to turn on the 
light," let the chips fall where they may. 

The press of our country wields great power, and to rrmyyl^ it 
would bo a severe blow to our liberty and to our right to criti- 
cise acts of public servants. You may and do make mistakes, 
as it is human to err, and when you misrepresent any one you 
seem ready and willing to correct such an error; no one can do 
more. We need clean and pure men in public office, and men 
who will do their duty and not be afraid of the press or the 
people's criticisms. It is very evident to the public that there 
is a combined fight on you (only about six lawyers against you 
I believe) ; that seems quite significant and smells of a 
strong combination to crush your paper at any cost. Surely 
there art enough good, true and liberty-loving men in Rich- 
mond to rally to your support and shoulder the cost of all your 
legal battles. If not, T say God save Richmond politics from 
the clutches of the saloon, bawdy-house, and gambling ele- 
ment, wliich your little paper has fought so fearlessly for the 
past few months, and so successfully, and to suppress it now 
w^ould be a shame on the lovers of civic righteousness in our be- 
loved Capital City. I will cheerfully subscribe $25.00 to a de- 
fense fund, and trust that the lovers of honesty, truth and lib- 
erty of your city will rally to your support and hold up 
your hands in your manly fight for the betterment of Rich- 
mond. Sincerely yours, 

Robert S. Bakboue. 



The Idea is glad to annomice that though the machina- 
tions of tliose who would suppress this paper have for this num- 
ber made us content ourselves with a smaller affair; still we 
are able to state that The Idea will come out next week in its 
regular size, and in the future, thanks to the awakened inter- 
est of others who believe in fair play, will continue its fight 
belter equipped than in the past, as far as its ability to publish 
is concerned. 

Since writing the above we are enabled to come out in regular 


The City Council --Why Called 

The papers of the 11th of last month stated that the crowds 
on Grace and Seventh street cried "Robbers" at the councilmen 
in the parade with President Taft, and the "crowd takes it up 
during parade and carries it along for blocks." Such an event 
is to be regretted, and it is sincerely hoped that a similar oc- 
currence will never occur again ; but it is even more to be re- 
gretted that conditions in Richmond are such as to make such 
an occurrence possible. 

If it were not for the graft and scandal of public life with 
which the papers have been so filled for the last several months 
the people would not feel such animosity towards their council- 
men, whom they so largely and rightfully hold responsible for 
such conditions. 

"No sane men believe that all councilmen are robbers, but all 
Richmonders know that some of them are, and that the council 
is such an ancient and unwieldly form of government that the 
few crooks in that body generally have their way, especially 
since so very few of the best men in the community will 
consent to run for membership in that body. 


TLe writer has attended meetings of both branches of the 
council quite regularly for the past six months, and is of the 
carefully worded opinion that no real capable brilliant good men 
are in that body, but the most capable and brilliant men in that 
body are men whose private and public lives are vile and cor- 
rupt beyond measure, and who would do and have done the 
most outrageous crimes for their seliish pleasure and private 
gain. This is no hasty conclusion, but is the calm and un- 
biased opinion formed after months of study and minute ob- 
servation and examination, and it would have been published 
earlier but for the fact that so many of our good citizens do 
not realize to what a low state our public affairs have fallen, 
and they honestly think that what The Idea says is exagger- 
ated, and said through a desire after sensationalism. 

The truth is that we have found the very truth so sensational 
that we often delay publication because the minds of the peo- 
ple are not ready to receive it. 

If the citizens of Richmond would attend these meetings, 
which are all public, even committee meetings, except the 
finance committee, they would be willing to believe much more 
than The Idea has ever yet said. 

Jokes about graft are of frequent occurrence both in councils 
and committees, and both in public debate and in private talk 
and discussion on the floors of these bodies. Let the people look 
and see, and then will they know and vote quickly to have gov- 
ernment bv commission. 


He was a-weary, but he fought his fight 

And stood for simple manhood, and was joyed 

To see the august broadening of the light. 

And new earth's heaving heavenward from the void. 

He loved his fellows, and their love was sweet — 

Plant daisies at his head and at his feet. 

Richard Lealf, about himself just before death. 


Fair Play 

An old negro man was addressing a little brown urchin. 
"Billy," he said, "Jiminy say he gwine beat yon," to which 
Billy replied : "T don't cyar ef he do beat me ; I don't cyar ef 
he kill ]ne, des so he kill me fyar." 

The Idea don't mind being opposed, and even sued, and 
would have no kick to make if this paper were beaten fairly, but 
when such contemptible and unfair methods as are at present 
being made are used, then The Idea does call on public senti- 
ment to assert itself and demand fair play. If there is any de- 
cent citizen who thinks the deals now being pulled oif for the 
embarrassment and breaking of this paper are fair, we'd like to 
see what he looks like. When the real depths of these plots 
has been fully published the citizens of Richmond will be as- 
tounded, to say the least. 


Some people love Richmond enough to make it appear bet- 
ter than it is. 

Other people love Richmond enough to make it be better 
than it is — that's The Idea. 

The method of one is concealment ; the method of the other 
is exposure. . 

Concealment — Darkness — Crime. 

Publicity — Ligh t — Freedom, 

Think you that Folk hurt Missouri by exposure, or that ISTev/ 
Jersey is worse off because she knows who the rascals and 
thieves are., or that America is to be pitied because the meat 
packers have been brought into the light? 

Turn on the light, even if the gas is bad, Sit Lux. . 

Twilight and evening star, 

And one clear call for me. 
And may there be no moaning of the bar 

When I put out to sea. 


Womam Suffrage of Course 

The Idea rejoices to note that the women of Richmond are 
taking such a prominent position in regard to equal suiTrage 
for men and women. We have never yet seen any sensible 
reason advanced against the proposition, and only the crooked- 
ness bf politicians has prevented women from coming into their 
own long ago. 

Politicians have everything to fear from the entrance of 
women into the arena ; they know that questions will be settled 
more in reference to the question, Is it right ? Of course, the 
press is generally with the politicians, who decide for them 
what they shall say. 

It cannot be denied that those States which recognize the 
right of women to vote, and even to hold the highest offices, are 
the gainers by it. 

Ti!E Idea will be glad to see the day when the women of 
Virginia may by their vote decide certain questions which to- 
day are undecided or decided wrong because some men are too 
selfish or too cowardly to settle rightly. 

We do not contend that women should have the 'privilege of 
voting- We contend for their right to vote. 

The Laborer's' Thanksgiving. 

About four times in the last two weeks the Street Committee 
of the City Council has been called to meet, and on each occa- 
sion there was no meeting because the councilmen could not 
be gotten together. 

It was very important that a meeting should be held because 
the men of the street department could not get their pay until 
the committee signed their pay roll. But councilmen were too 
busy to meet, and so the poor workmen, some of whom were in 
dire need of their pay, for the laborer often cannot get credit 
since he has nothing but his salary to depend on, were kept with- 
out money for about two weeks beyond their pay day. and many 


had to spend Thanksgiving without enough to eat, much less 
enough to feast on, while comicilmen donned their high hats 
and promenaded the fashionable thoroughfares and sat down to 
sumptous dinners. 

Whenever there is any political pie to he cut up these same 
eouncilmen are on hand early with beaming faces and hearty 
hand-shakes, but when it is simply to sign a pay roll for the 
day laborers or the hard working street force, then they can not 
be found, and the laborer goes hungry until the leisure council 
can meet to sign his pay roll. 

The following is clipped from a daily paper of last week: 


"The Street Committee of the City Council, together twice 
yesterday, failed each time to secure a quorum. It is not likely 
that any session will now be called, as the regular meeting is 
scheduled for Monday night, when the payrolls of the depart- 
ment will be given the committee's approval." 


A great deal of interest is being manifested not only in the 
city of Richmond, but throughout the State in the case of 
Adon A. Yoder for libel made by Police Justice Crutchfield 
and two police commissioners. Yoder is editor of a small pam- 
phlet known as The Idea, the very name of which Richmond 
papers seem afraid to call, though it has figured in court pro- 
ceedings. The publications therein have been made the basis of 
several large libel suits. 

If the pamphlet were in any sense a serious rival of the press 
of that city this strange reluctance to even mention it might be 
understood, but surely the mere fact that its editor has criti- 
cized some of the daily papers does not constitute sufficient 
ground for suppressing the name of the weekly pamphlet. — 
Danville Register, November 2dth. 


A Real Letter from a Real Man 
The News Leader Scored 

City Officials Roasted 

Ginter Park, Eichmond, Va.,, Dec. 1, 1909. 
Editor of "The Idea" : 

Mj Dear Sir, — Sarcasm never hurt any man who was on the 
right side of a moral issue. Sarcasm never justified any man 
who was on the wrong side of a moral issue. Therefore when the 
editor of the News-Leader in Monday's edition attempts a sar- 
castic fling at you and your work his effort falls exceedingly flat. 

In the first place, you had nothing to do with the appeal which 
was made by advertisements in the daily papers for contributions 
for your defence against the libel suits pending. This was a 
movement emanating from and now being carried out by your 
friends who did me the honor of appointing me to receive these 
contributions, so that if the News-Leader s suggestion of crimi- 
nal action for obtaining money under false pretenses is followed 
up (and this would be in entire keeping with a recent criminal 
proceeding) I suppose I must be the unhappy victim. 

As I have said to you in private, Mr. Editor, my interest in 
your work does not concern so much your fight against so-called 
"graft" in the management of the financial affairs of the city. 
Suffice it to say that there seems to be an abundance of evidence 
to substantiate your contentions along this line; such facts as 

( 1 ) The building of a worthless water system at an expense of 
tens of thousands of dollars; the payment of all or a large part 
of the contract price before the system is tested and found to be 

(2) The building of a jail at enormous cofet which in the 
course of a few years is found to be practically worthless. 


(3) Numerous smaller items of loss to the city which any ob- 
servant citizen will note from time to time. 
All of which, or any one of which, facts siii^gest — 

First, that there has been wholesale robbery either by city 
ojficials or contractors, or 

Second, that city officials have been guilty of gross incompe- 
tency and mismanagement that would not be tolerated by any 
private corporation, or, if tolerated would mean inevitable ruin. 

The editor of the News-Leader and those who think with him 
may take either horn of the dilemma they choose and get what 
consolation they can from the facts — facts that sarcasm and salf- 
praise can't annul. 

As for many other good citizens, they prefer to take the first 
^'horn" and do not hesitate to state daily upon the streets and in 
the offices that there is gross dishonesty and even downright 
thievery among city officials. Many of these citizens even call 
the names of those whom they suspect of wrong-doing, and when 
you have expressed in print your own views on this subject you 
have said no more than is connon talk from mouth to mouth. 

But my interest in your fight does not concern this matter so 
much as another. 

You are making a fight against certain immoral conditions 
which are known by most of our people to exist in some form, 
but which I am persuaded a larger proportion of the best people 
of the city do not know to exist to an appalling degree. 

The editor of the News-Leader, however, by his own sur- 
prisingly frank statement admits his knowledge of these condi- 
tions, and even congratulates himself upon a real or fancied in- 
fluence in causing ''he existence of these conditions in one sec- 
tion of the city rather than in another. I would like to believe 
that even the editor of the News-Leader does not know of the 
extent to which base immorality and the traffic in the virtue of 
girls and boys is carried on in this great city about whose splen- 
dors there is so much tiresome boasting. I would like to believe 
that the learned editor is the pure-minded gentleman one would 
imagine from some of his really able editorials; that since he 


does not "nose around" in dark and dirty places seeking to find 
and stir out lurking filth to become a stench in the nostrils of 
holy people, he truly doesn't know that there is such hidden cor- 

^Nevertheless, I am persuaded that the editor of the News- 
Leader does know of these horrible conditions, and that he is 
inexcusable for not using his acknowledged ability and influence 
to destroy these conditions. That he has such knowledge is 
shown — 

(1) By the admission in his editorial of an acquaintance with 
the existence of, and certain influence in locating, these immoral 
places. , 

(2) By a letter sent to him some months ago by the under- 
signed in which an effort was made to acquaint the editor and 
his readers with these conditions. 

(3) By certain court proceedings in recent notorious cases which 
the authorities were compelled to take cognizance of, and of 
which it is improbable that the editor of the News-Leader was 

(4) By the further suflicient fact that the said editor has been 
a newspaper reporter or editor for many years, and as such has 
seen enough of life in this and other cities to make it unlikely 
that he could be ignorant of even the worst of the conditions pre- 
vailing here. 

I doubt exceedingly if any considerable number of citizens 
will be inclined to excuse the News-Leader's attitude upon the 
ground of the editor's ignorance. 

Now for another fact : The existence of these immoral condi- 
tions about which the said editor knows, and which he admits 
he knows, is notoriously a violation of the criminal laws of the 
State — laws of which it is entirely improbable that the learned 
editor is ignorant. 

Now, Mr, Editor, what strange state of affairs do we find ? 

(1) Notorious criminals openly practising the basest of all 

(2) The editor of a great city daily admitedly aware of such 
criminal practices, and yet deliberately declining to use his 


boasted influence for the relentless punishment of such crimi- 
nals; and not only declining thus to use his influence, but boldly 
criticising a fellow editor who chooses to throw his influence 
positively upon the side of decency and law enforcement. 

Furthermore, the editor of the News-Leader evidently sym- 
pathizes most heartily with the city police authorities in their 
attitude both toward the above mentioned criminals and towards 
the editor of The Tdea^ who has dared contend for law enforce- 

Let us see: Some two years ago the writer, accompanied by 
several well-known and most excellent gentlemen, went to the 
office of the present chief of police to make complaint against 
a certain disreputable place diagonally across the street and in 
full view of the front door of the church of which he was then 
pastor. This house was said to have been of this same char- 
acter for at least twenty-five years, and certain patrolmen on the 
beat informed the writer that they knew all about the place, but 
that they had no orders in regard to it. The chief promptly 
agreed to make the disreputable people move out. Several days 
later the writer met the chief, who volunteered the information 
that he had just been around to give these same people moving 
orders. He stated that the woman objected and wanted to know 
what complaint the chief had against her. Whereupon the lat- 
ter replied that he would appear against her himself if neces- 
sary, , 

And yet, Mr. Editor, notwithstanding the complaint of repu- 
table citizens, notwithstanding the evident knowledge on the 
part of the police of her presence there, this notorious woman re- 
mained in that house more than a year from the time the mat- 
ter was brought to the attention of the authorities who have 
sworn before God and man to enforce the law to the best of their 
ability. But this is not all, for when this woman moved out 
others of the same character moved in, and when upon a most 
emphatic protest from the writer these were compelled to vacate 
others even worse otok their place. Then The Idea published 
a brief account of the conditions. This was followed by another 


move about which the writer is even now exceedinglly sus- 

Remember, Mr. Editor, the above place is upon a street along 
which dozens of women and girls and boys must pass going to 
and from their daily toil. It is almost under the door of a 
Christian church which is attended by numerous women and 
children on every Sabbath day. 

But this is not alL The writer took occasion to state to the 
chief of police that he had positive evidence of the following 
crimes: (1) Of the existence of these disreputable houses; (2) 
of the illegal sale in those houses of intoxicating drinks; (3) of 
the sale of such drinks on Sunday — all of which facts have long 
been known to the police authorities without the formality of 
such a statement from the writer. Did the chief offer to move 
in the case thus brought before him ? By no means ; but he re- 
plied in terms which the writer does not now deem it wise to 
disclose, but which give strong countenance to certain statements 
recently made in The Idea concerning these matters. 

But, mind you now, when in view of these facts, the editor of 
The Idea dares to expose such gross, base, glaring violation of 
the criminal laws and the evident connivance of the authorities 
at such criminality and to suggest the most plausible explana- 
tion of such a state of affairs, and place the blame therefor, he is 
arrested in the dead of night on a "far-fetched" charge of crim- 
inal libel, hauled to the oiBce of this same chief of police (though 
be it said in justice to him that he was absent) his private 
papers confiscated; he is driven through the streets in a patrol 
wagon, excessive bail is demanded, and he is thrust in a dirty 
cell until friends can come to his rescue and go on his bail bond ; 
and all this is done by those very police authorities who have 
knowingly and persistently refused to enforce plain, unmistak- 
able laws against people notoriously guilty of the basest of all 
crimes — traffic in the virtue of boys and girls. 

Then, to cap the climax, the tditor of the News-Leader, the 
great city daily, in his editorial columns (which are worthy of 
a nobler cause) publicly satirizes the editor of The Tde^. holrls 


him up to public ridicule and plainly sympatliizes with this and 
other cowardly acts of persecution upon the part of sworn city 
officials, who by their official delinquency, if by no graver of- 
fence, have made themselves parties to the basest of crimes. 

And yet the editor of the News-Leader pats himself upon the 
back for his good deeds in cleansing the common atmosphere 
and poses as a moulder of public opinion upon great moral 
questions! Well, those who take him seriously may follow his 
standard of right and wrong, and teach it to their children, but 
as for me, so long as all reason, common sense, right and LAW 
are upon my side I shall decline to have any usch standard of 
citizenship and morals foisted upon the boys and girls of my 
Sunday-school and the innocent mother and babe of my own 

The editor of the News-Leader and the police authorities of 
the city of Richmond may rest assured that the last has not been 
heard in this controversy from the side of A. A. Yoder and his 

Yours for the boys and girls, 


The Trial 

On ITovember 26th the trial of the editor on the warrant 
charging criminal libel was postponed until Tuesday morning, 
December 7th, at 11 o'clock A. M., because of the fact that Mr. 
C. V. Meredith, of counsel for the editor, was detained out of 
town in another case. It is hoped that this may be settled as 
early as possible, so that the question of the rights of the press 
in such cases may be clearly defined. 

For T(eliable 

AND HEATERS :-: :-: 



Cash or Credit 

1418-1420 E. Main St. 

P R 

E S 





Newsboy who g:et the greatest number of weekly subscribers and 
otnei prizes to those who se.l the most copies. 

The Contest vill begin with the 1st of December and boys desiring to com- 
pete should bcfttiJ today to work tor their weekly subscriptions. 

Boys should leave their names at the time of getting their papers so that 
we may keep an accurate record of their sales. 

Sometime ago The Idea gave away" a Watch and nine other valuable 

prizes, and the winning boys did good work. One bov selling 

112 copies of The Idea of one issue. There is good 

money in it for the boys besides the prizes. 


B "^^-^ El 

'Tis the constant drop of water 

Wears a hole in solid stone; 
'Tis the constant gnaw of Towser 

Masticates the hardest bone; 
'Tis the constant wooing lover 

Carries ofl the cooing maid; 
And the constant advertiser 

Is the man who gets the trade. 

— South Bethlehem Globe. 



Jefferson Chemical Cleaning 
and Dyeing Works 

No Cleaner Can Clean 
A Cleaner Suit Cleaner 
Than A Clean Cleaner 
Can Clean 

We Dye Seventy- One Colors 
C_y^i7 Work Done As It Ought To Be 

1 2325 E. Clay St Phone Mad. 6030 






Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk 
Paving, Halls, Vestibules, Basements, &c. 

PHONE 1821 

The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, 
and he takes pleasure in stating that his reputation (or first-class work 
and straight forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled. 




Vol. Ill 

December 11, 1909. 

No. 28 





§ 7th AND MAIN STS. 

W We have in our Fall Stock, and are 

^ showing special good values in 


We invite your inspection 



t_A Full Line 

Hunting Shoes and Boots 
For Your Selection. 



726 East ^TWain Street 



H You wish the best Flavoring Extracts, Essences and 

O Spices for your Table. 

"^^ The best Soap, Perfumery and Toilet Requisites for 

your family and guests. 

The best Steel Enameled, Rubber and Glass Goods for your sick. 

We have them as low as they can be sold, as well as Medicines 
of unexcelled quality, which conform strictly to the United States 
Pure Food and Drug Law. 

You want information as to what is best to give medical students 
at Christmas, January 1st or at Commrncement Exercises. This wc 
can give you of the most satisfactory character. 


200 EAST Marshall street 




A Sign oj the Times 

Vol. Ill DECEMBER 11, 1909 No. 28 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Yeae 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 

904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mail matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond, Va. 

An Interesting Libel Case 

Richmond Office -Holders Scored 

We print below a part of an editorial in the Danville Regis- 
ter of November 30th. The rest of this editorial was in last 
week's Idea. 

We shall not undertake to express an opinion in advance 
of the trial of the criminal charges against Yoder, for the rea- 
son that we know nothing of what justification, if any, he had 
for the publication concerning the persons who have charged 
him with criminal libel. His publications generally are criti- 
cisms of the city council and its acts; of city officials and em- 
ployes, and of general charges of alleged misfeasance, mal- 
feasance or dereliction of duty. Whether he is justified in his 
views or not, his publication is finding large sale, and is creating 
a great deal of talk and discussion. A casual inquiry and the 
most cursory observation must convince anyone that he has the 
support of many of the substantial men of highest standing. 
It is also true that almost the entire city government of Rich- 
mond is bitterly down on the man because of his publications. 
Merely to mention the name of Yoder in the City Hall is suffi- 
cient to call forth maledictions. 


Oue thing that has created a sentiment of sympathy and 
support for Yoder is the apparent effort in some quarters to 
persecute him. He has been assaulted physically several times, 
and is treated with small, if any courtesy in many places sup- 
posed to be public and open to enquiry by citizens. 

The crowning act of hostility by the official element in Rich- 
mond Avas the manner of his arrest and the effort to humiliate him 
bj^ locking him up. The officer serving the warrant waited until 
night, when it would be most difficult to secure bail, and arrested 
the young man while he was attending a, council meeting. Then 
he was taken to a distant police station and instead of being 
allowed to sit in the office while endeavoring to secure bail, was 
sent to the station house and placed in a cell. The crowning act 
of all was that of the magistrate who acted as bail commissioner 
who, whether through some ignorance or prejudice, dem-anded 
$1,000 bail of the young man. though there was never the slight- 
est evidence that he would flee or evade trial. With much dif- 
ficulty the bond was provided and Yoder released. As evidence 
that the bond demanded was excessive, it need only be added 
that, despite the comity existing between magistrates. Police 
Justice Crutchfield himself next day overruled his colleague and 
reduced the bond from $1,000 to $300. 

One of the men whom Yoder is charged with criminally 
libelling is, we are reliably informed, connected with one of the 
daily newspapers of Richmond. Whether the attitude of the 
newspaper towards Yoder is affected by this fact, we do not 
undertake to say. Apparently, however, practically all the office- 
holding element and the majority of the local press seems to 
be anything but friendly towards this young man, who, whether 
guilty or innocent, has been convicted of no crime or misde- 
meanor, and is engaged in a legitimate enterprise. The trial 
of the case has been tAvice postponed, and it is hard to say Avhen 
it'Avill be heard. If Yoder is not acquitted at the preliminary 
hearing it is certain that the case will go to a jury, in which 
event the young man would probably stand a better chance. 
The city council, which is generally hostile to Yoder, had the 
designation of the trial magistrate for this case, and has named 
a young man who is employed in the high constable's office in the 
Citv Hall. 


More Rottenness at the Settling 

Cement (?) Floor Crumbling Away, No Cinders 
and No Cement 

In the past The Idea has had occasion to show that the set- 
tling hasin was not simply buckling on account of the heat, but 
\vas actually rotten. Formerly we had to take the word of 
others, but now since the water is all turned off while the basin 
is being ''patched up," we have taken the opportunity to go 
and examine personally the floor of the basin which has al- 
rcMily cost the city many thousands of wasted dollars. The sight 
tiial greeted our eyes was astounding. There was not a piece 
of this solid cement (?) floor three yards square which did not 
show leak holes through which the water was seeping or leaking 
up from the mud on which it was laid. Besides from the fact 
that the cement is cracking or buckling as the engineer terms it, 
the whole basin is so porous and soft and rotten that it can be 
broken with the fingers. One can pick up a piece of this so-called 
cement work and crumble it in his hands, the contractors were 
so careful not to put in the necessary ingredients. The trouble 
seems to be that the inspectors were so bent on fishing or getting 
;., rake-off that they did not see (?) it. A darky working on the 
job saw the writer pulling a piece of the floor to pieces with his 
hand and remarked, "Dat's pretty rotten stuff, ain't it boss? 
Some of it is so rotten dat it des falls to pieces by itse'f." A 
small clump of the soft matei'ial was lifted about three feet and 
dropped on another piece of the soft stuff and it burst into 

Not only does the stuff lack the main requisite, namely, ce- 
ment, but the specifications as to the depth of the work were 
either faulty or entirely ignored. In either case the blame is 
on the engineering department, for the plan was his and the 
work was done by his department and under his supervision. 


The talk that the basin can be repaired by patching is a 
fatal mistake. The idea that the botching was caused by heat 
is also a mistake, as the points most exposed to the sun are not 
as cracked as those on the side protected a part of the day by 
shadows. The stuff was not laid on a bed of cinder and sand 
except in places, and consequently was laid flat in the mud and 
is not thick enough to stand any pressure even if it had been 
of real cement. 

The whole affair is a mammoth, monumental loss and expert 
contractors who have seen the work say it must all be taken up 
before the city gets through with it. As it is, money has been 
appropriated to take up a small part of it and relay it. This is 
the way the city always does. Officials do not like to let the 
people know all at one time that they have squandered their 
money, so they give it to them in broken doses. Soon they will 
call on the people for more. 

Law Enforcement— Sunda}^ 

About three weeks ago police were instructed to arrest vio- 
lators of the Sunday closing law along West Broad Street. 
About a week before a petition was circulated on West Broad 
Street among the news dealers trying to get them to stop hand- 
ling The Idea hecause The Idea stood for the enforcement of 
this Sunday observance law. 

On the following Tuesday the offenders were hailed into 
court, and fined $5.00 each. 

Before the last Legislature met it seems that the courts held 
that the law was insufficient to break up the offence, so a law 
was passed at the last session making this a misdemeanor, pun- 
ishable with a fine of $5 or more for each offence and permitting 
the judge to "require a recognizance in a penalty of not less 
than $100 or more than $5,000, with or without security, con- 
ditional that such person shall be of good behavior and especially 
to refrain from a repetition of such offence for a period not 
exceeding twelve months." 


Formerly an offender could break the law, pay the $2 fine, 
and go to work and sell again on the following Sunday. He 
might make a hundred dollars and pay his $2 for the privilege 
and keep up the work. Under the new law, however, "If a 
person on the Sabbath day (and in law Sabbath and Sunday 
mean the same) be found laboring at any trade or calling, or 
employ his apprentices or servants in labor or other business, 
except in household or other works of necessity or charity, he 
shall be deemed guilty," etc. 

The police, therefore, under the new law must arrest and 
the judge must fine for every violation, and the judge now has 
power to stop the practice by requiring a heavy bond to be for- 
feited on the second offence. 

But the records do not show that any bond was required, 
and therefore the next Sunday found the stores on Broad Street 
open as usual. 

Yvhen a policeman was asked why he did not arrest on that 
Sunday, the 21st, he said he "had no instructions." 

It will thus be seen that the arrests made were for some 
other purpose than breaking up the illegal practice. 

If there had been any desire to enforce the law, bond for 
12 months would have been required with $5,000 security if 
necessary, and the next Sunday arrests would have been made. 
This was not done. 

The Idea therefore charges that the officers of the law are 
openly conniving at the violation of the law and do not care 
anything for their oaths of office. 

This makes the case bad enough, but it becomes worse when 
it is seen that this makes it possible for an officer who has a 
grudge against a merchant to have him arrested and fined, 
while others who stand in may openly violate the law every 
Sunday, and even if they were fined $5 weekly, the merchants 
would rather submit than quit selling. 

"Let a man once sIioav the world that he feels 
Afraid of its bark, and 'twill fly at his heels ; 

Let him fearlessly face it, 'twill leave him alcne ; 
But 'twill fav.n at his feet if he flings it a bone. 

— Liicile. 


Who Elects?--The Council 
or the Ring? 

Now that Mr. "Wilbur Griggs has acted as police justice in 
the recent case of the Commonwealth (in the shape of certain 
politicians) against the Editor, it is well to notice this big fact: 
The Editor of this paper had information that Mr. Griggs was 
slated and would sit in this trial about one week before the 
council ever came together, and before the councilmen knew 
who they were expected to vote for. The thing was cut and 
dried, and we suppose some of tlie councilmen actually thought 
they were doing the electing, for did they not unanimously vote 
to put Mr. Griggs into office for this trial? 

Now notice how the machine worked. 

The council met in joint session and jN'Ir. Morgan Mills nomi- 
nated Mr. Griggs. There was no opposition, for was not IMr. 
Morgan Mills a recognized leader, and who will dare say he is 
not of the ring, and a very big factor in that ring. No other 
name was proposed, although there were others much older in 
point of service than Mr. Griggs. 

Note this, too — Mr. Griggs was bondsman for Mr. Griffin, 
who assaulted the Editor in August. Mr. Griggs was therefore 
the only man perhaps in the large body of police justices who 
had practically morally disqualified himself to sit in the case, 
and his action was so contrary to what the Editor had a right 
to expect of an officer of the law that he had been the subject 
of criticism by the Editor for his act in going Griffin's peace 
bond. But the council did not even question these things ; they 
did what they were expected to do — elected without one word 
of question. 

The Trial 

As we go to printer the trial on the libel charge is on. See next 
week's number for particulars. 


Taft-Day Extravagance and Graft 

Barton Grundy Wants Secret Session 

The other day the Taft Entertainment Committee met and 
the Editor of this paper betook himself over to the City Hall 
to meet with them. 

For some reason or other the sight of the Editor seemed to 
strike consternation into the members, for immediately Mr. 
Barton Grundy moved that the committee go into executive 
session on the grounds, as he stated that the people ought not 
to know the details of the expenditures of that day. It soon became 
evident why a secret session was asked for, for the very first 
bill presented after the committee decided to have an open 
meeting was one for $37.50 from Mr. Ruskell, sergeant-at-arms 
for the council. He stated that his bill was not ordered, but 
that a representative of the Secret Service Department at 
"Washington had come down to Richmond the day before the 
parade and w^anted to go over the line of march. An automobile 
was gotten and some friends were called and these friends and 
Mr. Ruskell proceeded to have a good time at the expense of the 
tax-payers. They went over the line of march and then all 
together went to a hotel and got a big feed, which cost the 
$7.50 and the other thirty dollars was for the automobile for 
six hours at $5.00 an hour. Now notice that six hours, when 
a good automobile could make the line of march of perhaps thirty 
minutes, and ought not to have taken more than an hour or so 
at the utmost. And even then the cost should not have been 
more than four dollars for one hour, and if it had been neces- 
sary to get a machine for a long time, ordinary care could have 
secured one for about three dollars an hour, for that is all that 
was charged by a man who had machines to hire even on the 
day of the parade, when machines commanded a higher price 
than on other days. Yet the committee of good fellows voted to 
pay the bill, which was nothing more than a wanton waste, if 
7J0 worse, of citizens' tax-money. 


The next bill \\'as for $30.00 for another automobile, which this 
same Mr. Ruskell had ordered used for the parade, although 
the committee had a plenty of private autos on hand. This was 
also ordered paid oat of the citizen's pockets, although it was 
none of ihe people's business what that big parade cost. Then 
came the bif? bills, ono for decorating the auditorium $600; then 
the Chamber of Commerce, $37.90; and then Col. Buford pre- 
sented bills for $1,139.11 for entertaining the V. M. I. boys while 
here and then Col. Grundy presented a batch of bills and some 
interesting things developed. 

He first presented one from the Jefferson Hotel, but did not 
give the amount, althought one of the councilmen asked what the 
amount was but soon seeing he had made a mistake and was about 
to let the eat out of the bag he said no more and the Colonel 
.said nothing about it but went on to name the small amounts: 

Band $ 50 00 

Invitations 86 00 

Menus 50 00 

Decorating Dining Room 350 00 

Chart of Names 15 00 

Some one then asked what the total of his bills were, but again 
there was no response from the Colonel. 

The final total of all the bills was $5,565.61 and the writer 
then went to the clerk and found that the Jefferson dinner bill 
was $2,830.00, and the total of bills presented by Col. Grundy 
was $3,381.25. 

Now, that $2,830.00 for one dinner sounds so big that the 
Editor will look it up and hopes to tell the readers next week how 
much of it went for wines, etc., etc., for be it knowTi that the 
council seemed to think it their duty to drink like fish on that 
occasion, although the President, it is said, would not touch a 
drop and could hardly have felt honored by such a drink-fest. 

WANTED— Three good job printers worth from $16.00 to 
$18.00 a week. Full particulars by addressing The Idea Office, 
Advertising Department. 


Secret Sessions 

The Cunningham Whitewashing 

On last Saturday the Cunningham Investigating Committee 
met and with them the Editor of this paper felt it his right and 
duty to meet. 

After the meeting was called to order, Mr. Ferguson moved 
that the Committee go into executive session, and though Mr. 
Umlaiif entered strong and vigorous protest still he was overruled 
and this committee dared to go into secret session although the 
very need for the investigation was made by an effort to conceal 
the transactions in question. 

Though the object of the meeting was to inform the people as to 
their tax money, yet the Committee had the audacity to cover 
up the whole investigation by their high-handed action. 

Gross charges of violation of the law have been made and the 
people should have the facts for they are the sovereigns and no 
petty Committee has any moral or legal right to conceal from the 
people the facts as to any alleged misappropriation of their 

Messrs. Umlauf and Fuller should be commended and Messrs. 
Ferguson, Moncure and Gilman should be harshly censured for 
their unwarranted action. 

The government should be run in the interests of the people 
who are governed by it and not in the interest of Mr. Cunning- 
ham or Mr. Sands or auy other of the good fellows to whom Mr. 
Cunningham has been lending the citizens money. 

Let the people laiow the facts. It is high time this Com- 
mittee's white washing business were stopped. AYe'll have more 
to say about this later. 


West-End Letter 

The Annexed Territory Wants The City to Keep 
Its Promises 

Editor of The Idea, 

Dear Sir: — Enclosed find $2.50 for your defense fund. I am 
only sorry that I am not able to make it $100.00, your valuable 
Paper is something that has long been needed in this community, 
and with the able counsel you have secured, and the honesty and 
righteousness which you are advocating you need have no fears 
of ever being convicted in the Courts of Virginia. The good 
people of this State will stand by j^ou until the last ditch is 
crossed. If the editors of some of our daily papers would only 
assist you in exposing some of the rottenness going on in our 
city, instead of trying to belittle you they would be much more 
thought of by their readers. Just keep up your good work and 
you wall see one of the greatest political upheavels that has 
occurred since the reform election nearly a quarter of a century 

Some time ago there was $40,000 of the people's money spent 
to open up a street through the Doctor Sheppard's Property, 
w^here there was no improved property whatever. Who was bene- 
fitted by this proposition? And, now, I see that our City Fathers 
are contemplating opening another Boulevard, just inside the 
Western City Limits at a cost of thousands of dollars which could 
be very easily done without until more needed improvements are 
made, some of which are of vast importance to the health of the 
citizens who are now so unjustly taxed for something that they 
are not getting. We already have one fine Boulevard just a short 
distance from the one proposed to be built, and if our Street 
Committee would order the culvert and water pipes put in Cary 
Street from the Boulevard to the City Limits and then macada- 
mize the street there w^ould be no need of spending all this money 
for the new Boulevard, until some of the property along this new 
Boulevard shows some sign of improvement. Give the people 

THI^ IDEA. 11 

that arc now paying taxes on improved property some improve- 
ments that are sadly needed i\rst and then look after the un- 
improved out lying district later on. I wonder, Mr. Editor, if 
our councilrnen do not think that the voters take notice of all 
these little things. You can fool some people some times but you 
can not fool all the people all the time. The citizens of the 
annexed territory have little talks among themselves every once 
in a while, and mark my prediction : when the next Primary Elec- 
tion is held there will be some very great surprises that will take 
place. So our councilmen from Clay Ward had better be getting 
busy as the voters are going to judge them by their deeds both 
good and bad. The people from the Boulevard on Gary Street to 
the county line have no light at night and no side walk, and are 
always in danger of breaking their limbs slipping in the mud in 
wet weather. Not over two weeks ago a lady was chased from 
the Boulevard and Gary Street to Mrs. Leibs grocery store by a 
negro. It is really dangerous for our wives to go out of their 
homes at night in this wilderness of darlmess and still with all 
this our city wants to take in Manchester to help improve that 
poor city. In my opinion the people of Manchester had better 
let well enough alone as the Gity of Richmond is one of the great- 
est Promise Making Gities in the United States and keeps about 
as few of them as any city that I know of. When they annexed 
a large portion of Henrico county, the people were promised 
there would be no increase of taxes for five years. Did they keep 
that promise? No. Then I wish, Mr. Editor, I could take you 
over this annexed territory and show you how the Annexation 
Gommittee laid oft' this territory. It would surprise you to see 
the discrimination in more ways than one. I would respectfully 
invite the Manchester Gommittee to look over this territory before 
they jump in to the fire. If we do not get some relief soon I shall 
write an article for your paper weekly on this subject and as I am 
promised some good information from parties on the inside, I am 
quite sure we will make some of our councibnen sit up and take 

Respectfully yours, 



The Laborer Pays the Bill 

City Hands Laid Off 

]\Iucli complaint is made by employees in the Engineering 
Department because of the fact that the men are laid off many 
days in the month ostensibly for lack of funds with which to 
pay them for full time. 

We would enquire why this shortage of funds? Is it because 
the Engineering Department has squandered the people's money 
in Fairmount and other places? The men think so. 

When the engineer makes a blunder, is it necessary for the 
poor man to suffer when he is least able to bear it, as winter 
and Christmas come on? 

It is noticed that the engineer is not docked, nor are others 
high up. No; the man at the bottom always bears the burden 
both of excessive taxes, of wastful extravagance and all other 
evils that effect the public welfare. 

Was the Trial Legal 

It now develops that Sir. Griggs was legally disqualified 
from sitting by the fact that he was a deputy in the High Con- 
stable's office. The law very clearly states that no one elected 
as sheriff, constable, etc., or deputy of the same, shall act as 
justice of the peace; and the very fact that he is such an officer 
vacates his office as justice of the peace. 

It therefore appears that, not only did Mr. Griggs have no 
moral right to sit, but also he had no legal right to sit, and yet 
in face of the protest of attorney for the defense, he did sit. 

Mr. Yoder: This will help the cause a little. I buy from a 
boy friend. Keep things lively; you are barking up the right 
tree. Game bound to come down after awhile. With best wishes, 

The above letter enclosing a contribution to the lawyers' fee 
fund came from a prominent merchant and was so brief and to 
the point that we deemed it worthy of publication in our crowded 



While there was danger at one time that as a result of the 
abundance of suits for damages against the printers of The Idea, 
this paper would miss a number or two, there never has been 
any possibility of our discontinuing the publication. 

Arrangements have been made for the printing, and even 
if no arrangements had been made locally, there are other 
printers in the United States, and The Idea would not discon- 
tinue if the work had to be done in Kalamazoo or Ballyhack. 
We did not start this publication to be bluffed off, though it 
looked for a time as though we would be seriously inconvenienced 
to the extent of missing a number. 

Below we print a letter from a Richmond school teacher 
whose name we did not have time to get permission to use, as 
the letter came as we were going to the printer. This is one 
of the many such communications from the ladies, who can al- 
ways be counted on in a moral fight. 

Mr. Adon A. Yoder, 

904 Capitol Street, City. 
My Dear Mr. Yoder: 

If you are the man you have led the public to believe (and 
I sincerely believe that you are), you will not even consider 
"giving it up." 

Let the citizens who stand for the Bight respond to your ap- 
peal — helping, here and now, all they will, or can — then do not 
be afraid to borrotv, with 6 per cent, interest, what is necessary 
to continue this good work. Do not be run out! Stick to it! 
Hang on ! Fearlessly assert your manhood and your rights, at 
any cost, ''wholly trusting." If you hope to be a Reformer, 
prepare to be a Martyr. 

' ' Heaven is above all yet ; there sits a Judge 
That no king can corrupt." — Shakspere. 

Be sure that you are right, and then go ahead. 


I enclose $2.00 — my mite — in response to your appeal, wish- 
ing I could make it many times the amount. 

Do you not know of E. G. Lewis, editor of ''The National 
Daily" and "Woman's Magazine," of St. Louis? Of how he 
started his little " ten-eents-a-year " magazine with less than $2 
capital; of his trials and persecutions and of how grandly and 
bravely he has come through ? He should be a source of inspira- 
tion to you at this time. 

Trusting that you wdll continue your good work, and believ- 
ing that al] will come right. 

Very sincerely your friend, 


Concerning the Reports of Trial 

The IDEA will show next week that The 
Times Dispatch's report of the Libel Trial 
is absolutely false and misleading", and that 
the decision of the Justice was contrary 
both to the evidence and the law laid down 
by the Supreme Court. 

The accurate public stenographic reports 
of the proceedings will be printed, and citizens 
ma}^ see for themselves what a farce has been 



I would be true, for there are those who trust me ; 

I would be pure, for there are those who care ; 
I would be strong, for there is much to suffer; 

I would be brave, for there is much to dare ; 
I would be friend of all — the foe — the friendless; 

I would be giving and forget the gift; 
I would be humble, for I know mj^ vvcakness ; 

I would look up — and laugh — and love^ — and lift. 

Howard Arnold Walter. 



"Dum spiro, spero" — What a motto is this: "While I 
breathe, I hope!" 

' ' Let feeble mortals trust to luck ; 
The man who has a fund of pluck 
Will soon behind him leave the ruck 

Of those who fear, ! 
Try all you know and if you fail, 
What matter ? . 'Tis in turning tail 
Lies the disgrace. When others quail, 

' Dum spiro, spero ! ' ." 


It is great to be out where the fight is strong 
To be where the bravest troops belong, 
And to fight there for man and God ! 

Oh, it seams the face and dries the brain, 
It strains the arm till one's friend is pain, 
In the fight for man and God! 

But it's great to be out where the fight is strong, 
To be where the heaviest troops belong, 
And to fight there for man and God ! 

—C. B. McAfee. 


For 'Reliable 

AND HEATERS :-: :-: 



Cash or Credit 1418-1420 E. Main St. 





Newsboy" who ^et the greatest number of weekly subscribers and 
otner prizes to those who seil the most copies. 

The L ontest vtll begin with the 1st of December and boys desiring to com- 
pete should be^in today to work for their weekly subscriptions. 

Boys should leave their names at the time of getting their papers so that 
we may keep an accurate record of their sales. 

Some time ago The Idka gave away" a Watch and nine other valuable 

prizes, and the winning boys did good work. One bov selling 

1 12 copies of The IuEa of one is'<ue. There is good 

money in it for the boys besides the prizes. 





Fruit Cake, 15c, 20c, 25c a pound, all sizes 
oMarble Cake, 12ic, Nice Pound Cake,25c 
31b Jelly Roll, 25c, Cream Puffs, large, 25c 
a dozen, 100 Lemon Cakes, 35c, 21b Raisin 
Cake, 25c. PHONE Monroe 410 

42 3i North Sixth Street, Rjichmond, Va. 

'Tis the constant drop of water 

Wears a hole in solid stone; 
'Tis the constant gnaw of Towser 

Masticates the hardest bone; 
'Tis the constant wooing lover 

Carries off the cooing maid; 
And the constant advertiser 

Is the man who gets the trade. 

— South Bethlehem Globe. 


Jefferson Chemical Cleaning 
and Dyeing Works 

No Cleaner Can Clean 
A Cleaner Suit Cleaner 
Than A Clean Cleaner 
Can Clean 


We Dye Seventy- One Colors 
(^11 Work Done As It Ought To Be 

O 2225 E. Clay St Phone Mad. 6030 









Cfttimatas cheerfully given on Sidewalk 
Paving, Malls, Vestibules, Basemenu. Ac. 

PHONE 1821 

The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, 
and he takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work 
and straight forward, satisfactory dealing is unriccllcd 





Vol. Ill 

December 18, 1909. 


No. 29 



:^^:^^==^^ PRINTED AT ELSEWHERE. :^^^==^ 


0^' 110^ 

m ^>^ ^ ^ t^ « » 



We have in our Fall Stock, and are 
showing Bpecial good values in 


We invite your inspection 


H Spices for your Table. 

The best Soap, Perfumery and Toilet Requisites for 
your family and guests. 

The best Steel Enameled, Rubber and Glass Goods for your sick. 

We have them as low as they can be sold, as well as Medicines 
of unexcelled quality, which conform strictly to the United States 
Pure Food and Drug Law. 

You want information as to what is best to give medical students 
at Christmas, January 1st or at Commmcement Exercises. This we 
can give you of the most satisfactory character. 








The Idea will bo put on s.ilo next week on Kridny iiis1(-ad of 
Saturday, as Saturdnv will be (*bi-istmas Day. 


A Sign oj the Times 
Vol. Ill DECEMBER 18, 1909 No. 29 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Yeab 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 

904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mail matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond, Va. 

The Times Dispatch Report False 

Suit May be Entered for Damages 

In the last number of The Idea the statement was made that 
we would show this week that the Times-Dispatch report of the 
trial was false. 

Let us take the very first sentence in that article. The Times- 
Dispatch printed this sentence in black face type. That sen- 
tence begins as follows: "Adon A. Yoder, who stated on the 
witness stand that he came here to reform Richmond." 

Adon A. Yoder did not state on the witness stand or anywhere 
else that he came here to reform Richmond; therefore, we state 
emphatically that the Times-Dispatch with the actual evidence 
before them deliberately falsified and that not only was this 
statement untrue, but the whole article was calculated to give 
an impression exactly contrary to that anyone attending the 
trial would have gotten. We will state further that the Times- 
Dispatch article is in fact a malicious libel and that as a result 
of it this paper has been financially damaged and that the editor 
may yet sue the morning paper for damages, Avhich any jury 
would be compelled to grant under the law, for the law states 


that damaging untrutlis are libelous except where the "communi- 
cation is privileged"; that is, where the complainants are public 
officials. The Editor of this paper is not a public official and 
when he is slandered he does not even have to prove malice 
(malice may be presumed in the civil case — a suit for damages — 
if the occasion be not privileged) ; he may simply show he has 
been damaged and prove the falsity of the article. 

If, however, the criticism had been of a public official and 
gross falsehoods had been stated, such an official could not get 
damages unless he proved actual malice on the part of the pub- 

In other vrords, the laws of this State permit the utmost 
freedom of discussion of the public acts of public officials and 
do not hold a publisher liable for errors or misstatements m^ade 
if they be made with honest intent in the interest of society, or 
if the occasion justified the deduction, howsoever false or harsh. 

The Times-Dispatch states further in its second sentence in 
black face type: "All of his printed charges, etc., were dis- 
proved by the testimony, etc." 

This is also absolutely false. 

On only one minor point of fact in connection with The 
Ideals report of the trial did the prosecution bring evidence to 
contradict and that evidence Avas not and can not be sustained. 

The Idea stated "Chris T>Ianning sat and Douglas Gordon 
stood behind Justice John and engaged him in conversation dur- 
ing the course of the trial. ' ' Now the law does not require that 
this be proven true, though it is every word true and every word 
which we are called on to prove we can prove. It must be re- 
membered that the witnesses for the defense have not been heard, 
but will be heard in the Hustings Court before a jury, and then 
things will come to light that will make Police Commissioners 
and officers feel like thirty cents of counterfeit money. 

Only one of the witnesses has taken issue with the direct 
statement of The Idea and his contradiction amounts to nothing, 
for as Mr. Meredith stated and as it was proven during the trial, 
he had violated his oath of office. 

As the Editor stated on the stand, Mr. Crutehfield turned 
to Manning and spoke to him and Mr. Manning certainly by 
his gestures and most likely by word of mouth, though we did 


not see his mouth, answered him. And Mr. Gordon leaned for- 
ward to hear the talk ; we do not know whether he spoke or not, 
but we do know that the statement made was justified and is 
true that they "engaged him in conversation during the course 
of the trial." 

The statements of the two yeoung men, one of them, be it 
remembered, a Times-Dispatch reporter, that they did not see 
the conversation amounts to nothing. No one could so keep his 
eye in one place unless he felt that his sole duty on that occa- 
sion, as to make sure that two - ^ or three people right together 
did not speak a word. 

The writer was immediately in front of Justice John and 
looking in his direction, and yet he would not dare to claim that 
he saw everything that occurred in the court on that occasion. 
"What he saw he knows he saw. What he did not see or others 
did not see, neither he nor the others Ivnow anything about. 

Even Mr. Gordon, who also was proven to have violated his 
oath of office, did not deny that our statement was true. Gordon 
simply stated, "I did not speak to him (Justice John), nor he 
to me." As far as we have stated or know, that may be true. 

Now notice what Justice John said. 

Mr. Smith : ' ' Do you recall that either one of these gentle- 
men spoke to you about this trial?" 
Mr. Crutchfield: "I do not." 

Mr. Crutchfield did not deny and cannot deny that he was 
engaged in conversation with them during the trial. 

The Idea has never claimed that its Editor knew anything 
about what that conversation in whispers twenty feet away was 

We claimed that that conversation did take place and Chris 
Manning alone dared deny it. He said, ''I never opened my 
mouth to him (Justice John), and he never opened his mouth 
to me." And the public and the jury, when they hear all the 
evidence, may decide for themselves who told the truth, the man 
who has admittedly violated his oath of office and now when his 
protection of houses of ill fame is about to be shown up is 
seeking money damages, or the editor of a paper gotten out ''for 
the common good ' ' and in the interests of decency and order and 
law enforcement and clean government, and for the betterment 


of the social and moral and political conditions of Richmond 
and Virginia. 

The article in the Times-Dispatch, which did such a gross 
injustice to the editor of this paper is the first article in the 
first column of the first page of that paper and is the most 
conspicuously headed article in the whole paper. 

The main heading reads in type about one-half inch high: 
"Court Orders Yoder to Jail for 15 Days." 

This in itself was misleading^ for the court simply passed 
sentence and an appeal w^as taken. 

The headlines also stated: "Accused . . . failed to sup- 
port charge with evidence," as if the Editor had made some 
attempt and failed at it, when the writer of the article knew that 
the Editor Avas not required to substantiate his statements with 
witnesses and did not even put on the stand the witnesses sum- 
moned by him and that the law was so plain in respect to the 
truth of those details the Editor's attorneys did not even make 
mention of the fact, in their argument, that the prosecution 
failed to disprove the statements made by the Editor. 

It makes no difference in law whether mistakes had been made 
or not — everybody makes mistakes — though the Editor made 
absolutely none in the article in question. 

In this connection, it is pertinent to ask whether Mr. Fitz- 
gerald who gave his services to these police commissioners to 
testify against The Idea by stating tha-fe he did not see the 
conversation, was also the reporter for that paper on this occa- 

How can the people expect a fair account when the Times- 
Dispatch reporter is a witenss on one side? and the Times-Dis- 
patch seems from its biased reports to be so desirous of getting 
rid of The Idea because it has exposed that paper's crooked 
methods, as it did when a certain prominent preacher had occa- 
sion to state that their accounts were absolutely false. 

The Idea wants to reiterate that its statements on which the 
libel charge '" r base are both just and true and that if we had 
laiown then what we know now that article might have been 
much more harsh on these commissioners who are open violators 
of their oaths of office, and who maintain with the criminal ele- 
ment of this city a corrupt alliance whereby on certain vague 


aud secret eoudilions tliey are protected from tlie ana of the 
law and the sworn under officers of the law are made to violate 
their oaths of office for fear of losing their positions if they dare 
attempt to carry out the law. 

Up to the Mayor 

Law Says Mayor Must Dismiss Cunningham 

Now that the Council Investigating Committee has white- 
washed the Cunningham affair, and not even recommended that 
the law be enforced, which requires his removal, it is up to the 
Mayor, on whom the law lays the duty of removal, to declare 
the office of City Collector vacated for ''malfeasance in office" 
and "corrupt perjury." 

The committee's report shows that the Collector did swear 
falsely, and section 4, chapter 10, of the Code, says, "and the 
person so sworn shall, if he swear falsely, be guilty of wilful 
and corrupt perjury, and shall be subject to punishment by im- 
prisonment in the penitentiary for not less than one nor more 
than five years." 

Neither the Council nor the Mayor has a right to refuse to 
do their duty because they think best to do otherwise under the 
circumstances. The laws were made to govern and not to be set 
aside at the discretion of any man or body of men, except the 
Legislature which made them. 

The fact is, there seems to be no regard for oaths of office in 
Richmond. The Mayor violates his oath; the Council violates 
theirs; the police commissioners violate theirs; the Collector 
violates his, and one has just as much right as the other to 
violate his oath. 

"With the present respect for law on the part of those in 
authority, it is no wonder that our papers are filled continually 
with news of malfeasance, extravagance, waste, graft, and cor- 
ruption in the governmental affairs of the city. 



A man may shoot another in the street and go free. 

A man may misappropriate city money and go free. 

A man may criticise crookedness in public life and be 

sentenced to jail. 

You may kill, or lie, or steal, but you must not write, even 
the truth. 

Testimony in the Libel Case 

Chief Werner "Can't Understand," and 
the Crowd Laughs 

By Mr. Meredith : 

Q. You are the Chief of Police of the city? A. Yes, sir. Q. 
For how long a period have you been such? A. Ever since 1905 
— IMay 15th. Q. Does it come within the scope of your duties 
to close houses of ill fame? A. Yes, sir. Q. Has it been done 
in the city of Richmond? A. Yes, sir— to some extent, yes, sir. 
Q. Has it been done with the house of Miss Malloy? A. I don't 
know that she kept a house of ill fame. Q. You did not know 
that? A. No, sir. Q. You have been on the police force how 
long? A. Twenty-two years. Q. And you did not know she 
kept a house of ill fame, or assignation house? A. No, sir. 
Within the last eight months I have heard it rumored, you un- 
derstand — by reputation — but before that the only thing I knew 
of against the house was selling liquor without a license, on and 
off there all the time. Q. You never heard that she kept a house 
of ill fame? A. No, sir. Q. Were you ever stationed in that 
section of the city? A. Yes, sir. Q. As what — Captain? A. 
No, sir. Sergeant. Q. Were you also a private there? A. Yes, 
sir. Q. All during your time of service there you never heard 
this? A. No, sir. Q. And never saw anything to indicate it? 
A. No, sir — nothing but the sale of liquor; I have tried to catch 


her time and again, and have reported her for selling liquor on 
Sunday. Q. Do you keep in your office the pictures of loose 
women? Yes, sir. Q. Have you that of her 's in there? A. No, 
sir. Q. Did you ever try to get it? A. No, sir. Q. "What do 
you do with the pictures? What is the object of taking the 
pictures? A. The object of the picture is so that we may know 
exactly every prostitute in the city of Richmond — every known 
prostitue. Q. Do you know where they are located? A. Yes, 
sir. Q. When you locate them do you turn them out? A. Do 
I do what? Q. Do you make them move — get away from where 
they are, after you locate them? A. No, sir — I can't exactly 
understand that question, Mr. Meredith. 

Objection by counsel for the prosecution. Objection sustained. 

At this point a lengthy argument ensued over the admisison 
of evidence and the justice decided that the defense could not 
introduce evidence to show that "there was a corrupt alliance 
between the trade in vice and the police department," although 
that statement was made a part of the warrant charging the 
libel. ■ 

Mr. Meredith Protests as Justice 

Griggs Continually Rules 

Against Him 

Folkes Under Fire, Finally Speaks 

Although the Commonwealth's Attorney, Mr. Folkes, after- 
wards admitted that there was some doubt even in his mind as 
to whether this evidence should be admitted, still he would not 
say that before the court made his decision, but let these private 
attorneys dictate to the justice what he should allow and what 
not. He indeed looked ashamed when Mr. ]\Ieredith taunted 
him for not being fair enough to state to the justice that he ought 
to admit this evidence. 

It was extremely amusing to see Major Werner squirm when 
Mr. Meredith asked, "When you locate them do you turn them 
out?" Chief Werner moved about uneasily in his chair and 
said, "Do I do what? I can't exactly understand that question." 

The real trouble was that that question was a little too plain, 


and he understood it a little too well, and an answer to it would 
show jnst exactly what The Idea claimed, namely, a corrupt 
alliance, and so the justice very readily ruled out that kind of 
evidence. The crowd was first astounded and then smiled at the 
audacity and ridiculousness of the incident. 
By Mr. :\Ieredith : 

Q. ^Ir. Werner, don't answer this question until we see if 
it is objected to : I believe it comes within the ruling of the Jus- 
tice : How long have you been taking these photographs? A. 
Since November, 1906. Q. How long have the two commissioners 
here that are noM' in office, and named in this warrant, been 
members of the Police Board? A. Well, Mr. JManning was a 
member at the time; I ami not very positive — no, I am sure 
Mr. Gordon was not a member at that time. Q. That has been 
kept up since? A. Yes, sir. Q. Under whose orders do you take 
these photographs? A. On whose orders? Well, I would have 
to explain that — I would have to go way back. 

]\Ir. Smith : Is not that going into the matter that has been 
ruled out? The Justice: As I said before, the court's ruling is 
that you must confine yourself strictly to the charge contained 
in this warrant. 

Mr. Meredith : If I am allowed to ask when they began to take 
the photographs — when these two commissioners were on the 
Board — I do not see why I am not allowed to ask under whose 
orders these photographs were taken. . 

]Mr. Patteson : I would like to ask a cpestion along that same 
line. I would like to know who pays for these photographs? 

"Sir. Simth : We object, if you Honor please. 

The Justice : He can answer that. 

Witness : The women themselves. 

By Mr. Patteson: Q. Who collects the money? A. You will 
have to ask the man who photographs them; I don't Imow. 

By ]\Ir. INIeredith : Q. Who goes with them to have their photo- 
graphs taken? A. They go by themselves. Q. They have their 
photographs taken, and pay for them there, and you don't have 
anything to do with that? A. No. Q. You are presented with 
one of them? A. Yes, sir. With their location on them? A. Yes, 
sir. everything. Q. There is no trouble in finding them? A. 
No. sir. '':| 


Mv. Smith: Aro we not going contrary to your Honor's rul- 
ing? Is this testimony confining the issue to the Malloy case? 
The Justice: No, sir, not strictly si)eaking, it is not; and the 
court rules that you can not bring up any other question but 
what pertains to the INIalloy trial, and the Malloy case. 

]Mr. Meredith : We have no other question to ask — on account 
of your Honor's ruling. We protest against the ruling; we had 
a good many other questions to ask, to throw light on the situa- 
tion ; but the Commonwealth's Attorney has said nothing— 

Connnonwealth 's Attorney : Mr. ]\Ieredith keeps referring to 
my not being heard. The question was very fully argued by the 
learned gentleman himself, and by the gentleman who appeared 
for the Commonwealth; they went into the matter fully, and 
your Honor made your ruling, and you made it immediately 
when these gentlemen were through with their argument, and 
it was not necessary for me then to say anything; because you 
made your ruling, as Mr. Meredith will recall — made it two or 
three times, in fact ; and then yovi allowed questions to be asked, 
if your Honor will allow me to say it, which you should not 
have allowed. You have ruled, and I don 't think it is necessary 
for me to consume the time of the court in any argument on 
the question, at all. Your Honor has ruled two or three times, 
and the questions have ben ruled out ; now why should I be called 
upon to consume the time of the court in this matter. 

Mr. JNIeredith: You ought to join with us, and say to his 
Honor that he ought to allow us to ask the question. 

Justice John in a Tangle 

By j\Ir. Smith : Q. Do you recall reading the issue of November 
6th, headed, "Reign of Crime — Political Disorderly Housekeeper 
Given Light Sentence, and Why"? A. Yes, sir. Q. As to So- 


phie Malloy, the language is: "Now this party, Sophie Malloy, 
operated a notorious assignation house on lower Main Street, 
under the protection of the Police Department, for certain party 
officials were interested in the house. Justice John called the 
place the worst in the city; and yet, read carefully how the 
case turned out. Now, in the first place, Mr. Crutchfield, did 
you at the time of the trial of this case know that this place was 
a notorious assignation house? A. No, sir. Q.' You did not 
know it. ^ Did you know it was an assignation house "1 A. I did 
not kriow — but I made that statement. Q. Which statement? 
A. That it was one of the worst places in Richmond. Q. AVhy 
did you say that? A. Because I believed it was a ''speak-easy," 
where whiskey had been sold without license for a long time, and 
I had been trying to catch it. Q. It was in that connection that 
you made the remark ? A. I never heard the place charged with 
being an assignation house. Q. How long have you been after 
this woman for selling liquor without a license, do you remem- 
ber? A. A long, lone time. I regarded it as one of the worst 
places we had in town, as a disorderly house. Q. "What was the 
particular disorder? A. The disorder was that I believed it was 
a ''speak-easy," where whiskey was sold without a license, where 
whites and blacks congregated, but I did not know of any im- 
moral purpose. Q. You thought it was Avhat? A. I thought it 
w^as a place where they congregated for the purpose of getting 
whiskey. Q. And not for immoral purposes? A. I had no 
reason to suspicion that. Q. And when you did say it was one of 
the worst places in the city — A. I said that then, and say it now. 
Q. You never heard any intimation that it was an assignation 
house? A. No, sir. Q. The next part of the article says: 
"There were two charges against the woman"- — that is the 
Malloy woman — "one of selling whiskey without a license, and 
the other for keeping a disorderly house. ' ' That is true, is it not ? 
A. Yes, sir. Q. "She Avas dismissed on the first charge" — that 
is. selling liquor without a license — "although the evidence Avas 
convincing that she aa^s guilty, as she had sold to the CouAvay- 
Torrence crowd." Is that true, that the evidence was con- 
vincing? A. No, sir; I will tell you exactly Avhat I said; I think 
I can recall it. I said when the case was closed, for selling 
whiskoy — I think I made this remark, or about tliis : "If I Avere 


to render a decision in this ease according to my personal views, 
my decision would be far different from the one I am going to 
render to-day. This case is dismissed." Q. Was there any evi- 
dence upon which you could have convicted her for selling 
liquor without a license? A. The evidence was not satisfactory 
to my mind — not enough to convince me that I ought to convict. 
I had my personal view. Q. But as a sworn officer w^as there 
sufficient evidence for you to convict her? A. As a judicial 
officer the evidence did not justify me in convicting her; and 
I certainly did my best. Q. You did your best? What do you 
mean by that? A. I inquired into every point it was possible 
to inquire into;. I let nothing escape me. The case was fought 
very hard. Q. On the second charge— keeping a house of ill- 
fame — her attorney, Mr. Pollock, pleaded guilty for her, and she 
was fined one hundred dollars. A. I did not try her for keeping 
a house of ill-fame. Q. Was there any warrant charging her with 
keeping a house of ill-fame ? A. Not before me. Q. Now, keeping a 
house of ill-fame, it may be well to laiow, is punishable by con- 
finement — on a warrant charging a person with keeping a house 
of ill-fame, does the statute require that there shall be jail pun- 
ishment? A. I think so. Q. Is there any doubt about it? A. I 
think not. Q. On conviction of keeping a disorderly house is the 
jail sentence compulsory? A. Not necessarily, in my judgment. 
Q. So then, the Maggie Lee, whom you convicted and gave a jail 
sentence was not convicted on a similar charge? A. No, sir. Q. 
She was convicted of keeping a house of ill-fame, and the Malloy 
woman of keeping a disorderly house? A. That's it. Q. Do 
you know whether Sophie Malloy was born in this house, or not ? 
A. She has been living there for many, many years. Q. Did you 
know her father? A. Yes, sir — John K. Malloy. Q. How long 
had her father been living there ? A. For many, many years ; I 
could not say how long. Q. "\yith reference to the close of the 
war, how long had he been there ? A. I don 't know ; I recollect 
him when I was a very young man. Q. Do you know whether the 
property belongs to them, or not? A. She told me — or some- 
one told me — of course this is not evidence, — that when she got 
through with this thing that house would be certainly broken 
up. I may have gotten that from Captain Barfoot, I don't know. 
Bv Mr. Meredith : 


Q. What kind of house would be broken up ? A. I reckon 
she meant disorderly house ; that is all the charge I had against 
her — keeping a disorderly house. 
By Mr. Smith : 

Q. (reads) Chris Manning sat, and Douglas Gordon stood 
behind Justice John, and engaged him in conversation during the 
course of the trial. ' ' Do you recall that either one of these gen- 
tlemen spoke to you about this trial! A. I do not. Q. Do you 
recall whether Mr. Douglas Gordon was here at the time she 
was tried? A. I could not say whether he was here or not, of my 
own knowledge I heard Mr. Gordon say he was standing behind 
me for awhile. Mr. IManning sat in a chair just to my left, a 
little behind me. Q. Did either, ^Ir. ]\Ianning or Douglas Gordon 
say anything to you about what your decision should be in the 
trial of Sophie Malloy? A. No one ever spoke to me about the 
Malloy case, except her counsel. Q. Was that openly in court, or 
privately? A. No, sir; he asked me what I would do if she plead 
guilty to keening a disorderly house. Q. Is that done frequently 
in this court? A. Any time. And I told him exactly what I 
would do, too. Q. Did Mr. ]\Ianning or Mr. Gordon intervene in 
this case, at all? Did they say one word to influence your 
decision ? A. I never heard Mr. Manning or Mr. Gordon speak of 
this case in any manner, shape or form, until after the trial was 
over. Q. It says that the combination of ^Manning. Gordon, 
Pollock and Leaman, with yourself, Justice John, is responsible 
for the fact that this notorious creature, who has operated for 
years in the saine place, and known to the police as the worst 
kind of a joint for the ruination of young girls, and for the 
meetings of married women with other men — I understand you 
to say that you never heard of that before ? A. I never heard of 
its being an assignation house. Q. Are you a party to any com- 
bination in any shape or form, ,f or protecting Sophie Malloy ? 
A. Neither her, nor any other woman of that character. Q. Have 
you any agreement, expressed or implied, with any person what- 
ever — especially with Manning and Gordon — that you will be 
easy on Sophie Malloy if she is caught? A. No, sir, and I will 
say right here that my fine was four to five times as heavy on 
Sophie Malloy as I generally impose on houses of like character. 
My fine is generally either twenty or twenty-five dollars for 


liouses ui' that character, but I. told Sophie .Ahilloy's <;()uns(!l ii' 
she plead guilty that the lowest hue would l)e one hundred 
dollars. Q. The article states that this combination was respon- 
sible for the fact that simply a fine and no jail sentence was 
imposed upon her. Is any combination responsible for that ? A. 
No, sir. Q. And that for a similar offence another woman on the 
same kind of evidence, though not quite as convicting evidence, of 
the same parties, was fined the same amount and jailed for thirty 
days. Did you go into any evidence at all in the Malloy case? A. 
That statement is incorrect, because in the Malloy case I heard 
no evidence whatever. I inflicted punishment on a plea of guilty. 
Q. (reads) There is alsolutely no doubt that the woman who got 
the lighter sentence was guilty of the greater crime. Is there 
anything to justify that statement? A. No, sir. Q. (reads) 
"But unfortunately for i^Iaggie Lee the Police Commissioners 
and others in authority did not grace the occasion with their 
influential presence. Justice John has no excuse to offer for his 
light sentence for so flagrant a crime The Idea has all along 
claimed that there was a corrupt alliance between the trade in 
vice, and the Police Department, and that was apparently shown 
by the reluctance of the Police Justice in passing sentence, and 
the lightness of the verdict, and the presence of the Police Com- 
missioners and others. ' ' Is that true, that there was any reluct- 
ance on your part in passing sentence? A. None on earth. Q. 
Did you regard the verdict as light? A. I did not. I thought it 
was four or five times greater than I generally inflicted. 

Crutchfield Had Evidence-Should 
Have Issued Bench Warrant 

Meredith Confounded the Justice, Who Refused 
to Answ^er Directly 

By Mr. Meredith: 

Q. "Wbat did you fine her for? A. She was charged before 
me with keeping a disorderly house. Q. What does that 
mean? A. Well, a disorderly house is a house where rows 


and disturbances occur, and Avhere people who are suspected of 
violating the law and everything else go ; and on that charge she 
plead guilty. Q. Could it cover the fact that they met there for 
immoral purposes, also ? A. It might be construed that way. Q. 
Don 't the law allow you, under the charge of keeping a disorderly 
house, to prove that people met there for purposes of cohabita- 
tion? A. Yes, if it can be proved. Q. Was there not proof that 
two married women met men there ? A. Yes, sir, in another case. 
Q. Then you knew and had before you information that 
they kept what amounted to a house of ill-fame ? A. Yes, but all 
the witnesses swore in that case that nothing had been done 
wrong. Q. Do you take that kind of statements? A. I had to 
take them. Q. Don't you know that if it is proven that two 
married women meet two young men in a house which you say 
the worst in town, that you had the right to believe they were 
there for improper purposes, and that you had the right to con- 
vict? A. I might believe it, but not have the right to convict. 
Q. Don't you think the proof was sufficient to justify a con- 
viction ? A. I had no right to convict, because I had to be satis- 
fied beyond all reasonable doubt. Q. How many cases of keeping 
a house of ill fame have you ever had the proof presented of 
their being caught in improper acts? A. There is a good deal 
of difference in the proof required in the keeping of a house of 
ill-fame, and keeping a disorderly house. In the case of a house 
of ill-fame you can take the general reputation of the house ; ; but 
with a disorderly house it is different. Q. Oan't you take into 
consideration the fact of w^ho goes in there and gets rooms, and 
how long they are there ? A. That may be, but the law is entirely 
different, in the rules of evidence — not the rules of evidence, but 
the law about convicting is entirely different, in the case of a 
house of ill-fame, and the case of a disorderly house. Q. You 
stated that under the charge of keeping a disorderly house you 
could have convicted her of keeping a house where people met 
for improper purposes — for immoral purposes. A. I said if I 
had the evidence. Q. You had the proof in the preceding case — 
in the liquor case, which just preceded it. A. No, because they 
said nothing immoral was done there. Q. Did you expect them 
to confess it ? A. No, I did not expect that, but I expected the 
Commonwealth to prove it. Q. Don't you think that the Com- 


monwealth proved it pretty well when it showed that two married 
women met two young men in a place which was the worst in 
town? A. I said disorderly house — not a house of ill-fame. Q. 
If you thought that house had the worst reputation as a dis- 
orderly house of any in town, and you catch two married women 
meeting young men there — A. I said in my examination in chief, 
that I believed this house w^as then, and had been for several years 
back, a house where liquor was sold without a license, and where 
whites and blacks congregated for the purpose of getting liquor, 
but that I had heard nothing as regards it being a house of ill- 
fame. Q. Didn 't you say it had rows there ? A. I said rows and 
fusses, and things of that sort ; and she had been here once or 
twice for selling liquor, when I was satisfied, but did not have 
legal proof, that she was guilt3^ Q. Now then, without any 
proof of what was the nature of the disorder in the house, you 
fined this woman one hundred dollars? A. I did. Q. Without 
any knowledge of what was the disorder? A. Nothing but that 
it was a disorderly house. Q. What was the knowledge you had 
about the disorder? A. In that case. Q. Yes; you fined her in 
that case ; what did you have ? A. Her own admission that it was 
a disorderly house. Q. The woman confessing, and without any 
more proof before you, you put on her four times the fine you 
usually imposed ; don 't you know that you did it with the knowl- 
edge on your part that married women had met young men there ? 
A. I can not say that. Q. Didn 't you have the proof before you ? 
A. In the Conway case. Q. Didn't that show to you that it was 
a house in which people met for immoral purposes. A. There 
was no proof of keeping an immoral house. Q. Is it not proof to 
a Justice, when a house having the reputation of being one of the 
worst disorderly houses in town, where whites and blacks, men 
and women meet, and where they have rows and fusses — and 
where you catch two married women in there with two young 
men — when you fine her one hundred dollars don 't you know you 
are fining her on the belief that those people met there for 
immoral purposes ? A. I did not give it a thought that way. Q. 

(Concluded in next issue) 

For T{eliable 

AND HEATERS :-: :-: 



Cash or Credit 1418-1420 E. Main St. 


■*> FOR r- 


Newsuoy who g:et the greatest number of weekly subscribers and 
omer prizes to those who sell the most copies. 

The Contest vill begin with the Ist of December and boys desiring to com- 
pete should begin today to work for their weekly subscriptions. 

Boys should leave their names at the time of getting their papers so that 
we may keep an accurate record of their sales. 

Some time ago THE Idka gave away a Watch and nine other valuable 

prizes, and the winning boys did good work. One bov selling 

1 12 copies of The Idea of one issue. There is good 

money in it for the boys besides the prizes. 










Fruit Cake, 15c, 20c, 25c a pound, all sizes 
cTVlarble Cake, 12hc, Nice Pound Cake,25c 
31b Jelly Roll, 25c, Cream Puffs, large, 25c 
a dozen, 100 Lemon Cakes, 35c, 21b Raisin 
Cake, 25c. PHONE Monroe 410 

423^ North Sixth Street, R^ichmond, Va. 

'Tis the constant drop of water 

Wears a hole in solid stone; 
'Tis the constant gnaw of Towser 

Masticates the hardest bone; 
'Tis the constant wooing lover 

Carries ofT the cooing maid; 
And the constant advertiser 

Is the man who gets the trade. 

— South Bethlehem Globe. 



ft ^ 

Jefferson Chemical Cleaning 
and Dyeing Works 

No Cleaner Can Clean 
A Cleaner Suit Cleaner 
Than A Clean Cleaner 
Can Clean 

We Dye Seventy- One Colors 
<^I1 Work Done As It Ought To Be 

2225 B. Clay St Phone Mad. 6030 





Estimates cheerfully given on Sidewalk 
Paving, Halls, Vestibules, Basements, &c. 

PHONE 1821 

O/ The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, 
end he takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work 
and straight forward, satisfactory dealing is unrxcellcd 





Vol. Ill 

December 25, 1909. 

No. 30 

JUSTICE DETHRONED-Richmond Under Ring Rule 





§ 7th AND MAIN STS. 

^ We have in our Fall Stock, and are 

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Spices for your Table. 

The best Soap, Perfumery and Toilet Requisites for 
your family and guests. 

The best Steel Enameled, Rubber and Glass Goods for your sick. 

We have them as low as they can be sold, as well as Medicines 
of unexcelled quality, which conform strictly to the United States 
Pure Food and Drug Law. 

You want information as to what is best to give medical students 
at Christmas, January 1st or ar Commencement Exercises. This we 
can give you of the most satisfactory character. 





A Sign of the Times 

Vol. Ill DECEMBER 25, 1909 No. 30 

5 Cents a Copy $2.00 a Year 

Published Weekly on Saturday by Adon A. Yoder, 

904 Capitol Street, Richmond, Va. 

Entered as second class mail matter July 10, 1909 at the Post Office at Richmond, Va. 

The Cunningham Matter and the 
Richmond Daily Papers. 

Now that the Council Investigating Committee seems un- 
willing to do anything except whitewash the whole business 
of the collector's oiSce, it is well to notice that the papers are 
risking an opinion about the matter by all joining in in mild 
editorials advising the removal of the collector. The Idea won- 
ders why they did not join with this paper at the proper time 
and impress on the Mayor and the conmiittee their duty to 
the people, instead of helping the finance committee cover the 
matter up. If it had not been for the firm stand for rigid law 
enforcement and publicity of the affairs of the people by this 
paper there, there is no doubt but that the papers would have 
succeeded in hushing this matter up, as has been their custom. 

It looks rather weak and babyish, after attempting to hush 
the matter up and being compelled by public opinion to finally 
give the real facts, to come out when they see the way the wind 
of public opinion blows and change front entirely. 

The trouble with the Richmond daily papers is that they 
"wear their wishbones where their backbones ought to be." 

A little strength of character directing the policy of these 
papers would work untold good to the people of this community. 


Kiclimonders, however, have every reason to rejoice over the 
fact that a real live daily newspaper will appear about the first 
of the year, and it is earnestly hoped that the good people of 
the city will subscribe on the very start and make this paper 
a howling success. Richmond is a fine city and deserves at 
least one genuine, fine newspaper. 

Despotic Government 

The old Virginia Bill of Rights, which is Article I of the 
present as well as of all past. Constitutions of this State, says : 

Sec. 12. "That the freedom of the press is one of the great 
bulwarks of liberty and can never he restrained but by despotic 
governments. ' ' 

Notice that the law does not simply state that the freedom 
of the press cannot be taken away. It is extremely emphatic 
and says "can never be restrained," and yet it is very seriously 
restrained when a petty judge may sentence a man to jail for 
criticising a court after a farcical trial and state in giving his 
decision that such criticism "is bad enough upon anyone, but 
when it is aimed at the courts it is outrageous." 

The Idea claims it is outrageous for the courts to think that 
they, the people's servants, are above criticism, and The Idea 
will continue to criticise any officials, the courts included, with 
the utmost disregard of this justice's opinion, or any other jus- 
tice's opinion of his conduct. The Idea's duty — not simply 
right, but sublime duty — is to criticise just as harshly as the 
occasion demands any decision of any judge whose acts are 
contrary to the principles of right and justice. If this be con- 
tempt of court, "make the most of it." If this be libel, "make 
the most of it." 

As a matter of fact, The Idea would have no right, legal 
or moral, to criticise "anyone," but it does have that right in 
regard to public officials, and just as soon as the courts, the 
hirelings of the people, get so rotten as to suppress the people 
in their unalienable rights of discussion of the acts of these 
courts, then it will be time to send for the undertaker to bury 
our republican form of government. 


If the court had fined the editor only one cent he would 
have taken an appeal to a higher court, as he feels it a duty 
to the people of Richmond, after having undertaken a fight in 
their name, to see it through to a finish. Of course, it would be 
cheaper to pay the fine, for it costs to employ lawyers; yet it 
is the principle of the freedom of the press for which we are 
contending, and it would be a blot on the name of Richmond 
to have it said that a Richmond paper had to submit to such 
restraints as a little police magistrate might choose to impose. 

The Idea will show these petty officials that they are not 
lords of the people, but simply servants of the people, and that 
the people may at all times discuss as they see fit the acts of 
their servants whom they employ to do their public work. 

Corrupt Alliance 

Mr. Harry Smith, of counsel for the prosecution, laid much 
stress on the fact that The Idea charged "a corrupt alliance" 
between the criminal element and the police department, and 
tried to make out from that that we had charged Justice John 
with receiving money for the protection of criminals. 

Any one could read the article and see that no such charge 
was made, and it is a commentary on the desperate condition 
of the prosecution that they had to go so far afield. They even 
got hold of a subsequent number of The Idea to prove by a 
cartoon what we meant by the word "corrupt," and Mr. Harry 
Smith was so sharp a handler of words that he even fooled his 
owTi associate, Mr. Folkes, into thinking we had used the word 
corrupt on the cartoon in question, for Mr. Folkes was making 
a tremendous argument on the word corrupt and turned to 
the cartoon to show our meaning of it, when to his amazement 
he found something else, namely: "Police Commission Graft" 
on the cartoon. 

There could be the rankest kind of police commission graft 
without making the charge that Justice John got money for 
protecting crime. 

We will reiterate for Mr. Harry Smith's delectation that 
there still exists a "corrupt alliance" between the houses of 
ill fame and the police department. 


The Virginia Law on Libel 

The prosecution in the recent libel case tried to make the 
justice, who evidently Icnew nothing about law, for this was 
his first experience on the bench, believe that the law on libel 
in Virginia was not clearly defined, and the attorneys them- 
selves actually seemed to be ignorant of the fact that there is 
a very clear and distinct law in Virginia, for they began to 
cite the New Jersey libel law and the Kentucky libel law and 
the English libel laws and almost everything else except the 
Virginia law. Wliy, they actually had a porter bring three 
stacks of heavy law books tied up with ropes into the court. 
Think of it — ]\Iessrs. JManniug and Gordon were so desperate 
that they got seven lawyers and a whole library of law books, 
while the defense needed only two lawyers (either one of which, 
however, would outweigh their seven), and one law book; but 
remember that one law book was enough to confound them, 
although it did not in the police court serve to change the pre- 
determined verdict of the justice. It happened that the alleged 
offense occurred right here in Virginia and it happens that 
the Richmond police court is under the supervision of Virginia 
law only; and now read what the Virginia law is on the sub- 
ject and notice what the Supreme Court said of it just two 
years ago. "What follows is found in 106 Va. Reports, Gate- 
wood V. Garrett, on appeal from the Circuit Court of King 
William County: 

' ' This action was brought by James L. Garrett to recover of 
the defendant, W. K. Gatewood, damages for the alleged use by 
him of certain words, charged by the plaintiff to have been 
slanderous, and to have affected him injuriously in the position 
of policeman, which was then held by him in the town of West 

The declaration names three persons, one of them the mayor 
of the to^^^l, in whose presence the words complained of were 
uttered. The gravamen of the complaint is that the plaintiff 
lost his position as policeman by reason of the words alleged to 
have been spoken by the defendant. The words complained of 
are stated in the declaration to be as follows : That the defendant 


in speaking of the plaintiff said, 'He is no account'; 'He is 
always at home asleep'; 'I am prepared to prove it'; 'There 
is something rotten about it.' 

"These words are not, in themselves, actionable. To become 
so, it must he shoivn that they were uttered with a malicious 
purpose to injure the plaintiff in connection with his office of 
policeman. This is not controverted. 

No. 1. 

" 'If the jury believe from the evidence that the defendant 
spoke the words, or any of them, as charged in the declaration, 
of and concrning the plaintiff, yet the presumption of law is 
that he spoke them honestly, believing in the truth of his state- 
ment, although such statements in fact were false or founded 
upon the most erroneous information; and, in order for the 
plaintiff to recover in this action, the burden is upon him to 
prove to your satisfaction that such statements were spoken 
with actual malice in fact towards the defendant.' " 

This is Instruction I, and the Supreme Court says: 

"It is not denied that this is a correct statement of the law. 
The occasion was privileged, and to make the defendant liable, 
he must be shown to have misused the occasion to gratify his 
malice; the presumption being that he believed the statement 
to be true." 

"The second instruction asked for by the defendant and 
refused was as follows: 

No. 2. 

" 'The court instructs the jury that the conduct of public 
officers is open to public criticism, and it is for the interest of 
society that their acts may be fully published with fitting com- 
ments or strictures, and that whoever fills a public office renders 
himself open to public discussion, and if any of his acts are 
wrong he must accept the attack as a necessary, though unpleas- 
ant, circumstance attaching to his position. It is not only the 
right but the duty of a citizen to make complaint of any mis- 
conduct on the part of officials to those charged with super- 
vision over them, and their right and privilege to discuss the 
fitness or misconduct of such officials ivith tax payers in the 
town in which they live.' And the court says: 

"This instruction is in harmony with the spirit of our in- 


stitutions, and correctly states the law. Odgers ou Libel and 
Slander, page 40 ; Townsend on Libel and Slander, section 254 ; 
Newell on Libel and Slander, chapter 17, section 101, pages 
504, 505. 

"For the error in refusing these two instructions asked 
for by the defendant the judgment of the Circuit Court must 
be reversed, the verdict of the jury set aside and the case re 
manded for a new trial." 

So the Supreme Court marked the case ''Reversed." 

(106 Va. 552.) 

Contributions to the Defense Fund 

Rev. Tilden Scherer, who as chairman of the committee of 
citizens interested in providing funds for the proper defense of 
the editor of this paper in the various litigations now pending 
in the courts, desires to call attention to the fact that contribu- 
tions sent to him at Ginter Park, Richmond, Va., will be quickly 

Men in the various establishments of the city have interested 
themselves in the fight and contributions have been taken among 
the employees in the shops and factories, the men of the C. & 0. 
shops alone having contributed $24.20 to the cause. It is 
stated that 90 per cent, of the men whose names were subscribed 
to the list of contributors are voters and that they desire to 
have it known that the voters are determined to see not only 
that this paper does not lack for funds for proper legal protec- 
tion, but also that the men who are responsible for evil condi- 
tions in Richmond shall give an account of their stewardship 
at the coming elections. Those desiring to contribute may com- 
municate with IVIr. Scherer by phoning INIadison 2686 or Madi- 
son 965-J. 

So Mr. Alfred "Williams is going "all the way" to Roanoke 
to edit a paper. How utterly unpardonable, if one is to adopt 
the standard he himself has set in denouncing the editor of this 
paper for coming here "all the way from Lynchburg." We 
would modestlv call Mr. Williams' attention to the fact that 


Roanoke is about fifty miles farther from Richmond tlian Rich- 
mond is from Lynchburg. It is a poor rule that don't work 
both ways. 

Notice this, too, that Mr. Williams is going there as the 
hired editor of a paper of which he does not own even a half 
interest, while the editor of The Idea is the sole owner, editor 
and publisher of this paper, so much condemned because its 
object is "the common good." 

We suppose it is entirely pardonable to go anywhere to 
edit a paper if the motive be purely a commercial" one. But 
all sarcasm aside, let this big fact be remembered, that the 
pastors of the Richmond churches are almost without exception 
not natives of Richmond, and many of them are from other 
and distant States. They are, however, none the less welcome 
to Richmond. It would indeed be a sad state of affairs if any- 
one had to be a native before he could manifest any interest 
he might have in the moral welfare of the community in which 
he happened to dwell. 

Crutchfield Had Evidence-Should^ 
|Have^Issued Bench Warrant J 


Cross Examination (continued). 

Q. By Mr. Meredith: 

Q. Is it not proof to a justice, when a house having the repu- 
tation of being one of the worst disorderly houses in town, where 
whites and blacks, men and women meet, and where they have 
rows and fusses — and where you catch two married women in 
there with two young men — when you fine her $100 don't jou 
know you are fining her on the belief that those people met there 

8 ' THE IDEA. 

for immoral purposes? A. I did not give it a thought that way. 
Q. Isn't it proof of it? A. Of what? Q. That it was an immoral 
house? A. Mr. Meredith, as far as those women were con- 
cerned, I was not taking much stock in them. Q. I do not ask you 
to hold them up as Christian characters. Were you not satisfied 
they were there for immoral purposes ? A. I thought when those 
women admitted what they had been doing, in going down to a 
place like that, it was a very disorderly place. Q. And that 
they were women of loose fame? A. And for that reason, and 
knowing that house by reputation as I did, I put that penalty of 
one hundred dollars on her. Q. And yet you had her up on two 
charges — one of selling liquor, and had acquitted her on that; 
and then you had proof before you, and knowledge on your own 
part of its being one of the worst places in towTi — you had proof 
that she had two married women in there, who were getting 
liquor, with two young men ; ; and you fined the other woman 
$100 and thirty days in jail, and this woman, on two charges, 
with all this proof before you, you only fined $100. A. I did 
exactly that ; but I want to tell you another thing, I had a heap 
stronger proof against Maggie Lee than against Sophie Malloy. 
I proved the reputation of that house, and that she had holloed 
across the yard, "You'll have to take this couple in, because I'm 
full." Q. Do you say that is a higher class of proof to any man 
of common sense, than the fact that two married women go 
down to the worst house in town with two young men — A. Met 
them there. Q. Well, that is the same thing — which is the higher 
class? A, Well, I require convincing testimony when I convict. 
The testimony did not justify me in convicting that woman of 
selling liquor; and everybody knows that my record is good on 
whiskey selling. Q. I am discussing the facts of this particular 
transaction ; that whatever may have been the charge — whatever 
may have been your previous knowledge — the fact was that you 
regarded this house, and had for some time, as the worst house in 
town — A. One of the worst in town. Q. As a place where illicit 
liquor was sold? A, Yes, sir. Q. Where white and colored men 
and women congregated? A. Yes, sir. Q. And that two white 
women had been up before you just a short time before — or that 
day — I don't know which, for meeting two young men down 
there — and you did not think it was a house of ill-fame ! What 


did you think? A. That it was a disorderly house. I had no 
proof of its being a house of ill-fame, and no jury on earth 
would have sustained me in such a decision. Q. Well, there is 
no telling what a jury might do. A. I know — they are very 
doubtful. Q. I am just asking you what you thought? A. Well, 
I am giving you the best I have in shop. Q. With your knowl- 
edge that this was one of the worst houses in town — A. That is 
my belief. Q. You got your information from the police court? 
A. And from cases I tried against her. Q. She had been here 
before? A. Yes, sir. Q. How often? A. I don't know; I had 
convicted her, and she had been before me once or twice when 
I thought she ought to be convicted, but I could not prove it 
on her exactly. Q. How many times have you convicted her? 
A. I could not tell you. Then her mother was up here. Q. Well, 
I don't care about her. A. I say, her mother was brought here 
oftener than she was; but whenever she would come Mr. Smith 
would sometimes be with her. 

Mr. Smith: That was years ago. I haven't defended her 
since her mother's death. 

Q. The fact is that with that knowledge on your part, and 
the additional fact that it had been proven before you that two 
married women met young men down there, you did not think it 
was a house of ill-fame? A. She was not charged with keeping 
a house of ill-fame ; I could have amended it, and would have 
done so as quick as lightning, with the proof ; I had the power to 
do it, there is no doubt about that; but I did not think the evi- 
dence justified it. Q. Have you ever heard of Sophie Malloy's 
general reputation? A. Yes, sir. Q. As a loose woman? A. 
Yes, sir. Q. Did you ever have any suspicion that she kept a 
house of ill-fame? A. I did not say that I did not have a sus- 
picion of it. Q. A common woman herself? A. I don't know 
whether she was, or not ; I had heard rumors — I had heard some 
very bad things about Sophie Malloy. Q. What did you hear? 
A. I had heard that she was a very loose woman herself. Q. To 
what extent? A. In staying with men. Q. White or colored? 
A. Colored. Q. With keeping such a character of house, you left 
her off with an hundred dollars fine ? A. Yes, sir. But I want to 
say that when I had these women here I only put a fine of twenty 
dollars on them — women from Mayo street — sometime ago. Q. 


That is in the "red light" district, is it not. A. So they say; I 
have not been down there. The Police Board and I have not 
been going on so well for the last year or two, and I am not 
having much to say to those fellows. 
By Mr. Smith : 

Q. Is it not a fact that Sophie Malloy's mother lived with 
her up to within a very few years ago. A. Yes, sir. Q. Had you 
any right to suspect anything of the sort as long as her mother 
was alive^ — that it was a house of ill-fame? A. I heard while 
her mother was alive, what I told you just now. 

Captain Barf oot Testifies 



Q. Captain, did you swear out the warrant in this case, upon 
which she was fined one hundred dollars? A. Yes, sir. Q. Wliat 
did you swear it out for? A. On evidence given before the 
(coroner's jury. Q. I say what was the charge? A. One charge 
was for selling liquor, and one for keeping a disorderly house. 
Q. Why did you swear out a warrant charging her with keeping 
a disorderly house, instead of a house of ill- fame? A. Well, I 
thought I could prove it by claiming that people got liquor there, 
and these women meeting men there, and I swore out the warrant 
for keeping a disorderly house. Q. Why didn't you swear it out 
for keeping a -house of ill-fame? A. Well, because I didn't have 
any evidence to prove it. Q. Had you been watching that house ? 
A. I had, sir. Q. How long? A. I have been watching that 
house my whole time since I have been Captain, for selling 
liquor. Q. When did you first hear or suspect that she was keep- 
ing a house of ill-fame? A. Well, to the best of my knowledge, 
may be six or eight months ago, may be longer — it might be a 
little longer. Q. Before that time you did not suspect her of 
keeping a house of ill-fame? A. No, sir. Q. What did you do 


when you began to suspect her of keeping a house of ill- fame? 

Did you protect her in it, or try to break her up? A. No, sir, I 

gave orders to the whole night relief — which meets at seven 

o'clock — notified them of this fact, about this disorderly fact — 

and gave orders to every man to keep a strict watch on this 


By Mr. IMeredith : 

Q. When was that order given — after the Coroner's inquest? 
A. No, sir ; that was several months ago. 
By Mr. Smith : 

Q. You said six or eight months ago? A. Yes, sir. Q. You 
notified them that you suspected her of keeping a house of ill- 
fame — assignation house? A. Yes, sir, we heard that. Q. "What 
did you do when you heard it? A. Well, we had the officers on 
that beat watch the house, and we swore out a warrant. Q. For 
what. A. Charging her with keeping a disorderly house ; I 
believe Sergeant Sowell swore out the warrant. Q. For keeping 
a disorderly house? A. Yes, sir. Q. Have you got the warrant? 
See if it wasn't sworn out charging her with keeping a house of 
ill-fame. A. Yes, sir ; I think it was. I think that warrant was 
sworn out March 27th. Q. (Reads) ''Whereas, R. B. Sowell has 
this day made complaint that in the last ten months past, 1909, 
at said city, Sophie Malloy did unlawfully keep and maintain a 
certain house of ill-fame at No. 2224 East Main Street, resorted 
to by divers persons, both male and female, for purposes of prosti- 
tution and lewdness" — that was sworn out on the 22nd day of 
March. What did you do with that warrant? A. Sergeant 
Sowell and three other officers — I have got them on the back of 
the warrant, I think — went there to execute this warrant, and 
found no one there but Sophie Malloy and her sister and a ser- 
vant, and three beds ; and they did not execute the warrant, or 
even let them know they had a warrant for her — just looked the 
house over and walked out. Q. Have you been able to prove by 
the general reputation of the neighbors that she kept a house of 
ill- fame? A. No, sir. I had Officer Duffy, in citizens' Icothes, 
for several days trying to get information. Q. You did then 
as early as ]\Iarcli swear out a warrant charging her with keeping 
a house of ill-fame; have you kept the house under constant 
watch? A. Yes, sir. Q. Have you any disposition, or your 


officers, so far as you know, to protect her in any way, shape or 
form? A. No, sir. Q. You state that since the 27th day of 
March you have kept this house under watch, to try and prove a 
case against her of keeping a house of ill-fame? A. Yes, sir; 
the warrant has been kept in my desk. Q. And the police have 
been notified to keep on the watch-out ? A. Yes, sir. 

By Mr. Meredith : 

Q. Captain, as I understand, the Sergeant of the police 
force had sufficient information to lead him to make oath to the 
fact that the woman kept a house of ill-fame, and the warrant 
was never served ; is that so ? A. No, sir, he did not have suffi- 
cient information. Q. Then why did he swear to it for. A. 
That was on information received. Q. He was justified, he 
thought, in making oath, that upon information he had received 
this woman kept a house of ill-fame? A. Yes, sir. Q. And that 
warrant was pocketed? A. Yes, sir; that is what it was sworn 
out on — on general reputation and rumors, and we tried to 
execute it on this night. Q. Wlien a man swears to a things on 
information he believes the information, don't he? A. Yes, sir, 
Q. And a police officer ought to know whether it was reasonable 
information, ought he not? And Sowell is a man of sense, is 
he not? A. Yes, sir. Q. And knows his duty? A. Yes, sir. Q. 
And yet you pocketed the warrant? A. Yes, sir. Q. "Why? A. 
Because we did not find anything that would justify us in 
executing the warrant. Q. How often do you go in a house and 
find anything? A. Well, if we had found any women there who 
had no business there, the warrant would have been executed. 
Q. So when you went in there you found no women ? A. No, sir. 
Q. How many times did you go in? A. Several times. Q. Since 
when? A. I can't say — but since I have been Captain of that 
district. Q. When was the first time you went in there? A. I 
could not tell you that. Q. About how long ago? A. May be 
twelve or fifteen months ago. Q. What did you go in there for? 
A. Looking around to see what we could see. Q. To see if she 
kept a house of ill-fame? A. No, sir, to see if she was selling 
liquor. Q. Did you ever hear of Sophie Malloy before the last 
eight or twelve months? A. Oh, yes ; heard of the Malloy family. 


Q. Did you ever hear of Sophie? A. Yes, sir; but not before I 
came down there. Q. That was about three years ago ; then for 
nearly three years you have heard of her ? A. Yes, sir. Q. What 
was her reputation ? A. Fast woman ; since this trial. Q. Since 
which trial? A. The Conway trial. Q. Here is a white woman, 
whose reputation the Justice spoke of, and you speak of it — of 
having illicit intercourse with colored men, and a Sergeant of 
the police force thinks he has information enough to justify him 
in putting his oath to a warrant to arrest the woman, and it 
appears that this warrant has been kept in your pocket since 
the 27th day of March? A. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Smith : He said kept in the drawer — in the desk. 

Mr. IMeredith: Well, it has been pigeon-holed since the 27th 
day of March. 

Witness : Yes, sir. 

Q. If you had found five or six beds in there what would you 
have done? A. Well, if there hadn't been anybody in them we 
would not have done anything. Q. You didn't expect to find 
anyone in them, did you? A. Yes, sir. Q, Don't you know that 
the proof as to a house of ill-fame is the character of the people 
you see going in there? If you see married women going into a 
place where w^hiskey is sold, and meeting young men, you have 
the right to presume that it is a house of ill-fame? A. I did not 
see them at that time ; never heard of it until after the Conway 
trial. Q. You don't know on what Sergeant Sowell based his 
oath, do you? A. No, sir. Q. Now I will ask you; don't you 
know where whore houses are in this town, and that pictures are 
gotten of the inmates, and they can be located in ten minutes? 
A. Yes, sir. Q. Tf then you had found anything in Sophie 
Malloy's house, what would you have done, taken her picture? 
A. No, sir. Q. Why would you have treated her differently 
from anyone else — other whores you know of? A. Because I do 
not know of my own knowledge she was a whore. Q. But if you 
became acquainted with that fact, would you treat her any 
different from the other whores you have pictures of? A. I 
would not treat her different. Q. The others are not arrested, 
are they? A. No. Q. Then why arrest her? A. Because of 
some complaint. Q. WTiat would have been the complaint if the 
Sergeant did not know of anything at all to justify you in 


executing the warrant ? A. On information he received he swore 
out the warrant. Q. So if you had found out that she was 
keeping a house of ill-fame you would have treated her the same 
way as the other women, would you? A. No — ^what do you 
mean — take her picture? Q. You say you know where the 
whores have their places? A. Yes, sir. Q. You have their pic- 
tures, and their location; now if that be a fact, what were you 
going to do to Sophie Malloy, different from the others. A. It 
has never been proven that she kept a house of ill-fame. Q. 
Suppose it had been proven ? A. We would have ordered her to 
have her picture taken. Q. And all that would have been done 
would be to take her picture? A. "We would take her picture.* 
Amid much laughter witness stood aside. 

Captain Sowell says had been a Bad House 
for about Two Years 

By Mr. Meredith: 

Q. I understand you made one raid and failed on it? A. 
Yes, sir. Q. And you have made no more raids since? A. No, 
sir. Q. And you had previous to the time you got this informa- 
tion heard that it was a house in which people met ? A. Yes, sir, 
I had heard it, and had seen those negro men and women go in 
there ; and I had seen white women go in there. Q. And you 
had your suspicion of its being a house of ill fame? A. Yes, 
sir, that is the reason I swore out the warrant. Q. How long 
had that been going on? A. Well, I reckon ten or eleven 
months — somewhere along there — two years this coming March. 
I think it had been going on eight to twelve months, somewhere 
in that neighborhood. Q. What size house is that? A. That 
house has about seven or eight rooms in it, I think, as well 
as I can remember now. Q. The white women that you saw 
go in there, were they of different ages? A. The only white 
woman I ever saw go in there was a woman that dressed in 
black, and she seemed to be about forty years old. Q. But you 
had heard that other white women went there? A. Yes, sir. 
Witness here stood aside. 

o c 





A New Man in 
anOld Business 


New Stand 

Rjeal Estate Rented, Bought, 
Sold and Exchanged, 

cTWy cTWethods are 
Expensive d^ To cTVle. 

They Produce PROMPT and 

Real Estate. 

special attention. Best Com- 
panies represented. A A ri!^ 

I have splendid facilities for 
handling COLLECTIONS. 

-Tl efficiently aud conscientiously 

attended to. 

K4 k4 k4 k4 K-t 

How I do Things, 

In Real Estate Line 

CA Flat that had been on 
Rent Lists of several Realty 
Agents for some time was 
placed in my hands early last 
week. On Saturday Evening 
of the same Week a family was 
living in this flat after having 
spent several days in preparing 

In Insurance Line 

CL A few weeks ago the prop- 
erty of a party insured in one 
of my Companies was destroyed 
by fire. The Company learned 
that a gasoline engine had been 
kept on the premises in viola- 
tion of the policy. This was a 
ground for forfeiture, but We 
Paid the Loss in Full, because 
the Insured did not know that 
he was violating the Policy. 

CI secure HOUSES 
well as TENANTS LHJ 

I do Everything cheaper than Everybody 


Attorney and Counsellor at Law 

819 East Broad Street Phone Monroe 2837 







Boarding House Business, near new Post-Office, 
New Furnished Rooms alone pay 2 1-2 times rent. 



Prizes for Boys— December-January 


Ten prizes will be given to the ten boys selling the greatest 
number of Ideas in December and January. Prizes were recent- 
ly given out for the November contest. A handsome watch 
was the first prize, and first quality stag handle pockU knives 
were given to the nine boys selling the nine next largest num- 
bers. One boy sold 226 Ideas in the month, thus making, at 
2 cents each, $4.52 besides the watch. 

Selling Ideas pays the boys well even if they do not secure 
the first prize. 

'Tis the constant drop of water 

Wears a hole in solid stone; 
'Tis the constant gnaw of Towser 

Masticates the hardest bone; 
'Tis the constant wooing lover 

Carries off the cooing maid; 
And the constant advertiser 

Is the man who gets the trade. 

— South Bethlehem Globe. 

For Reliable 

AND HEATERS :-: :-: 



Cash or Credit 1418-1420 E. Main St. 


-7 FOR r" 


Newsboy who ^et the greatest number of weekly subscribers and 
other prizes to those who sell the most copies. 

The Contest vill begin with the 1st of December and boys desiring to com- 
pete should be^iH today to work for their weekly subscriptions. 

Boys should leave their names at the time of getting their papers so that 
we may keep an accurate record of their sales. 

Some time ago The Idea gave away" a Watch and nine other valuable 

prizes, and the winning boys did good work. One boy selling 

112 copies of The Idea of one issue. There is good 

money in it for the boys besides the prizes. 


Jefferson Chemical Cleaning ^ 
and Dyeing Works M 

No Cleaner Can Clean 
A Cleaner Suit Cleaner 
Than A Clean Cleaner 
Can Clean 

M We Dye Seventy- One Colors 

Wi (^11 Work Done As It Ought To Be 

§2225 E. Clay St Phone Mad. 6030 

A. H. EWINQ i 




C«timat«s cheerfully given on Sidewalk 
Paving, Halls, Vestibules, Basements, dc. 

PHONE 1821 

vnj The Editor has known Mr. Ewing personally for the last twenty years, 
and he takes pleasure in stating that his reputation for first-class work 
and straight forward, satisfactory dealing is unexcelled.