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Full text of "Illinois Appellate Court Unpublished Opinions: first series"

'^ 







Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

CARLI: Consortium of Academic and Research Libraries in Illinois 



http://www.archive.org/details/illinoisappellat241illi 



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. OF mtcmo, 

241I.A. 599 

ME, j;utTieit ;m^mm^ ^shtrmB'^ im miMtm m tm aetmf. * / 

ffcis is *ft aetioe by th© B. 3, fnaraaH Btjitter eorsTS-iny, 
tke pla.ln'tlff , again st the fhftotiorft &e&z &i Bans 0o!Bf%j-;y, %hn §n» 
f9K4&fit, t©-, .srteoTtr iiie valae af 18 ail3K eaiis «toien it in isllsgtd 
Isy the plals^iff wtre retained fey t'ht 4«f»H-i*jat. 

A s«t»0ff wa« filed ¥y th.^ daffl^islaat In i^lsloh. it was 
sllefc.ed that tte© jslainti ff wa» lntrtts4 t® tb© c!8f*f»--j83at in the 
8\m. of |lSS,§i^ '.fox- %lEi.e value of S$C^ gall^ae et s&iXl£ wMoOi was »#t 
fit f®r tts«, \ ' / 

The e8u»e *-«» tri«4 ¥«f er%-;' tls« eowrt ^It'-^eut a ^nry. 
Tbf^ &nv.Tt f®xm.4 iia fsiror ©f tJa« plaintiff lu t>i« »xm of 1-%^ mts?! jUt 
favor of tfet aef#TK!a»t In fhe iit» ff #f?, SO, sued eKt®r«dl $%d$mtnt 
in favor ©f the 4ef«iR4ft»t la tfe«/l5?« «-f $^^&>* 

¥h« def«ndatit has fil^S ee briefs* 

1^« evid^xise shows that the defendant had ftUfcMaclki 
milk frtsaa the plstiiitiff, «>jieh was delivered to the -^ef^B'ii.aMt 1» 
ten-galloa eana, fr®« i^ajpcto^ I, 19 14, to ^xily 5^, 19 S4; that ok the 
latter 4ate ths flalntiff dr«» « draft on th« ^«f®ndlaat for th« 
«i!t.tire smenut dn© to the plaintiff yq^ t© that tisa«*i that th« 
draft ■«'aB ^aid 'fey the ij|«f«ndant asad n& &sn^l^mt «a« Eiad« fey th« 
defen4&ftt ftfe««t the milk at that time. 



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»yo8» essa^JinatioB that th« |s3.a.intiff told b,lm T5»for« tfen defer.4- 
aet start®?^ t© fesy milk i'rom %h^ pl&istfciff , fi'^at at a.z\j time tb* 
def«ndai3t re©«iv«4 nkim milk that wae n«t Batlefpctory asd c«11pA 

the stts-ntioa ©f t^i® plaintiff to that faot, th« plaiutiff weuld 
r«plft«« Itj and that tSi« 4«feisd&nt »«T«r askedl tha plaintiff to 
repl&eft the skim mlXk that -^^s delivered. 

C, J. Crowe, saa «Mifloy«e ©J' tfee ulaintlfl', tostliiedi 

that bf "oetified Mr, Mmiz the aext «S^ that we investigate-! thtn 
asllJt,* ciTuS that h©, Cr©we, said, ^1># yow watit to return it*? Our 
tntok 1« tb^re a^d yeu eaw return it -rmi w® tFll'i gl^^e ^a er>Mitj* 
th&t 1©H8 sat4^, "Ifo, I c&n ti©e it t» otb#r ^o'lrees, «2» othsr ^ay«.* 

Thf? ©vidwisee gbo^s t*i&t .elxteen caias w^'r® rft-'^iae^i 
fey ths5 4f!f#afl&iit, 

W« are §1" the opiRlois that the Jadgjacnt o.f the trial 
soart aJieali he reversea mid that 5ad|3»eat eho'al-l h?i #Ht'%r«i h'?r« 
ea the finiSeg ef th^ eourt iii f-.-ivor of the plaintifr ie the sufii 
ef |S8. 

BateSiett, B, J,, aail MeEarely, 3". » eoactir. 



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». JirSIIQE IGHISTCJS SmiYaSB flB miMtOS Of 1fH5? CJOimf , 



This Its afi aetidfi fer®«ght fey Al^bjirt A, 3eh.w&rt2. 
this plaintiff, a«,aiR»t tfee Bsltig BmlldiBg 0oirp©rati©,ii, th© i®« 
fesiaiat, t® r«c©T«r llM.M. al3.#s«A t® hm9 hm& pal^ m4»v 
|»i*©t««t Uy tfet piaiistlff t@ th« 4efe«aaat for the- r«»:tal. of ao 
apa^tK«ist toy tli« •nialjatirf ia tfe.«. ^atbaoor Hot«i, wfeteh wan 

ttta mur% mtmT%& j«*ii?m-#J5t ©a th« v«srdi«^t; ^j3,d tfea 
«»f«adar3t pr©««se^t#<S tJi« pr«»«rTt appeal from tb<s |a4gm«nt. 

ttwtties ®f f^ijt, rsasi^ly, wfefttfe** the plalctlff rimt«<l tt,® f«?%ft- 
m®Bt fey a e^ftelal a^re©®«»t ??>ilefe, «« allej^«4 In th« sststment ®f 
elsl», ^a« t© tfe« «1tT«et %temt the charge or r®«tal *woald be eai- 

0f TOBtiJiB, w«#iEB, ©r days, as the plu^iatiff fo«nd It neesBsary, 
er ^®8ir«d to eee«Epy the said ^risj^ses, » 

CiB this qtt«fiU..©n th® »Tl4«ic« is coBfllctiag, 
S&e plal«tirl^te»til'ied that &hmt m^tsmbBr XQ, itS4 
h# w«ijt t© t&e Seathaeer hettl te @agag® as apatrtmejst ; that the 
cX«vk »t ib» desk airectea ieorg« Koere. an mpXoymm of the botel, 
t« «fa©w Mm, tJsfS plaintiff, aem© .ap«rtisi«nt«j that ba, tfe» flal»» 
tiff. •*l«QtSi5 M ^-©arteent »ad a»kft.-S Moort h©^ aa<^ the rautftl 
wottia ^«, tMat Mo©re said it wo.ai, fe« $i^2S » a^^atiKj tj,^,t ^^^ th« 






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plaintiff, ^.tatfd t}i»t he w&e. set tBt«r«8te4 in & sionthly rate; 
t&at he <^id Hot !£»©■» bsw IsKg he w?5ul<4 stay at %h% te^stel for tii« 
re&esE tfeat hft •^as \;mil'3lBg a beae an«J dicl not know the day hm 
eottl'^ ®©ir« int© fel8 naw hes««; t>'i*t fee <?id. not know $unt t^« datt 
It wgul^ h*i tiniiih.9.'% ©r «©jsf.l«t®4l{ thstt Moo?** B%i-i, 'If yeti i?&nt 
tfeit a^ariisesRt for ^ay shorter perl©* en a day rati?, it trovldl b« 
#1S s,4Al%i&F*al , It would «o«t |240 pffr mejsth;** that ^-e, tb« pl&is- 
tiff , M&f^sM to t>!i8 a®€ a«ls«4 M®#rit t© ®ak» sat an agre.«Ba<?nt to 
tfeat «-ffffiet; that M©or«f said, *^fey, that waa ,SM»t aseessary i&t all;* 
that "all teat w»« oa a aoBthly t^aeis;* that If it t?as ©n a «a©nthly 
basis %h& plai»tiff wottl4 ha^e t® ®i^ a l@a»«; ihut he, the plalu- 
tilT, sad hi® wif« stayed &% th# feot«l from aWut lo¥«m^sr 10, 1624, 
to B«Q«gber IS, 1934; tjiat h« ffi0v«d fro^e^ tho iiotel to hi« fi@« hes#. 

A»iii& Ueedasin t«8tified ®r fe«h&ir ©f tii© plaintiff tiiat 
•l^« aoedss^iaalwi th« plaintiff wli»ra lis ■»'©at to tb® k©t®l to rest jU3 
-ft|>axtsft€Nat { that tte« plaiBtiff told Moor* that ha waKt«d ^n spart:m@Rt 
for B9 i^artie-Blar length ©J' tiia«; that M©©r« »mi^ that th« ir«aat 
ir©«l<3 fe« ItSi If tbe m^artmsBt was tmk«Hi for any length ©f tia«, 
"bat that a« th® -^laiKtiff "»« to hmv« th« i!)riTil«sg« of m@viiig out 
»t Mny time tlj© r#Bt w«jui(i, be »t th« rat« ©f #S40{ that thl« ar- 
rwBg«K«®1{ »««iE.ed t0 1?^ satisfaeiory to all psrtl«s 80iis«.rri#fi, 

E©©r« t®Btifit4 «B behalf ©f tfe« |»ls.iiatirf that h« 
t©14. th« plfelfiti ff tlisat the aiua3rta«at th.« i^liUntiff had sels'et^d 
veuld ©est |22S a s©nth if ^e tosk a loag leaes; that tJie plain- 
tiff t©ld ki» that tee il^l a«t w«at to r««»t tfc© mprnxtmsmt lay the 
Aoisth; that &© vsaat^a «3i sspsartc&aaat anly t«sspoy««'ily until bl« ti©m« 
was fiRi8ite/%: that the plaiiatiff said it al^sht fee a mrmtk ©r two 
»©nttea or it al#it to« longer; thai b«, Me©r«, thea Bia4« him anotber 
prieo on the »partffl«»t ©f |II40 a aontk, ''with an ©ption* rwtil iii« 
ho»e was reaiy; that re. th« plaiBtiff, eotild go wiiea hie heue« wm 



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r«a^y %fi oeem^jj t'^n.t the 8rrfiing@E5'yEt with tins nl's.lntiff ^ae 
fh&t !?.« In-'X4. ih« rii^bt %© r«R0'^« from tto© >iotffll rfben his h.©m« waB 
eo.mfl«t«vl, t»»0a t:h« p&s'^fmi to th« h©t<»l cf fh* ®on«y d««> the 

that ©he sm& "hm hU9bm^& 4e«l«Jeii to saere c^b :?es«*ibfir Xx, 1§24 5 
tfcmt Bh® Isai fe«r«H ov«r t© her h«us« «fa« 4ay 'b©f©ra and feaad tb&t 

■«iie ^QvX^ i&^tB In tJae fellowijs^ dayj tfeat abe t«elde4 to sead a 
f«w trmaJea erey to thm hems* ©n l>©eeajfe«r 11; that ?«ft« i?a» going 
to stay at h«r ^'fc©yt»« that Blfht sii«^ waiat'i'i th® tnings t© go 
fh^re; t)i&t sSt&r the tra^» were tate^ <!,<»«« In t>-s elevater 
«oa« mm% Is tne ©ffie^ «ali@4 wi> m<i 9»i4, *I ^-raEt l«t fitfiy thifig* 
#« oat mtil y^vt p^y th» l>lii;*» that iih«^ sal<^,, *W@ ar^ not geisg 
tjstil toisaarrowj * Itoat 1^« «aii, *'i®!i Mav® get t© ijag- t55« Mil 
firsts* that ®Vje ss?iid, *Ail rlrr-t, i»k# eut a sta^em^ut an«1 I 
^ill ^ay it;* that ah# wsrst t® tte» ©ffie* .-sm^ t>Msy lt??pt li^r 
ira>itliig fer hiilf Ml l^swT »hile they ssfii4« tJs# 8tfet®s#itt} that ill 
ill* m#aRti«» ifee »©ir«r« w«3r«i waitlisg t© t«>.s tfe« thim^m &&m& «»€ 
efeft was g«ttlag. worried «»S)i3l B«Tireasj t>5-«it §*).« ??alfl thif felll; tli&t 
^«B *'tfe«^ Iplri** ta©k tlse s©«©y astd w»«it to makt c,^?-'W!,t«, it 
*dasm«4 upes iss^r* that ©fee hsJi gty#is tk® girl tea sysfc ?s&i2€7; 
that shs ftaid to t&6 4i4rl, "1 haBd«4 yatj t9t& nftuek Ib»»r@7; * that the 
giJfl eMI«^ aai itaiA, *fJ5s»t is y©«r Visra lyekj* tJ>at sli?* said t© 
tfe« girX, *Wiiat 4s y«u lae-afi, 'feaifd Inek,* yoti «0« thin m&ney aee» 
set belong to jrew;* t'temt ths girl B&i4, *! eaa*t 4© ismything f&T 
yoa, 8e« tiie aaasii^ejrj* th*t a sua© is the offies. s^ld, *You ^ill 
Iteftvt %e »«« Sir. Sittlftr"' (Iwa&e Slttl«*r, th^ ijr«'«ld«nt af t!i« 
<5®f«ttda*Bt ««rp© rati leia ) i that uittlar «al^, *'t c®a't r«ttiTn y©tir 
Money;* that mhrn «alcl, *T®ti r«alia« it is a mistak*. Tha ^^nay 
!©«« not "belong ta yaa, W© retJt@?l t^t aDaytasnt i*itfe tha an4»r- 



Ottt nhenerwT we wantftd to;* that she sfferod to pay for the ^l^nm 
^»y« ef the m«r-t.b dt' B«c«ffil>er, 

©n fefeVmlf of the 'll,«fMi'is8t C»h&rl«» Itnry, ar* ®ns^loy«t 
ef th« het'el, t«»tlfl«<!! t):iat. a-giartsusnte stte>». bm tb« •sne tk« 

Hlmlstifir r%»t#4 we3P« a«(v«ir r«n;,t0€ Is^ ife« h«i«l "by tfo^ djsy tmt 
dfily @i3i a six mo»th»' l«a9«: that he setit tb® plaintifl'' a 3.@a»« 

Ifa»« 0lttl«y, i>re«id«st ©f the ct«l"«aadaat o«r|!*9i?»- 
tiea, testified that Hoore &«^« to MiiK afid siaid tl^ii^t '&-9 h$^ tw» 
tensMfjt* for tbs si9art»eat; ife.**t tkey Wisr*tt4 it irm^ »sath. ft© 
ffiOfitla; tfest l^# tjaia Mc»©.r« fefeat ii" tlmy wouls! UiS® t,h#lr ©ws 
kltahea «t^ipserjt %h« rent wealfJ b© #t4& a s^esthj %h&t tfe« kiteh«» 
4i«iiti«m«nt ct«m©t bfi used Miy B-»r« after u tmimit leaves; tl»«tt «# 
B«e«ffil5»r 11, Mr«, Seb-earts ealle^ %t fcis offle«; that eh© started 
t© ery .iua*f smi4, *16.y husbaaid osll^ni, ks a^^ alseat p»yin-g toe laueli 
®@n«yj * that hs, ©ittlor, sal^l, *I will seej* that h^ a^o^t fc® th« 
e«i«ht«T aai tijat %%» e&ar<l«r sad^, "Sh* ^®14 her bill ss^d ikta 
liflii^ netfelsji ftirtfe«r «md »©?» ®;h« 60w«« ma^ ■^muts h«r me-seyj'* 
that be, aittlsr, said t© lira. Schwartz, "^Y®* pai^4 f&r & n&&tk*» 
r«»tj" that she said, •*! bk iseviag »at?^ that he said, ''T&a eaa 
mov9 ©«t, but I gare y©u & aaetitbly r«ittlal aii4 yoa h&vc* t© |f«^ f©r 
tlie BKWstte ifi a4v§uae«, that is tiw only e@@iltlea I h>%v0 i'or it,* 

fifee tef««r5»nt 8h©-s?«^ l>y It» feo^ls that the plalatil'f 
ha4 BSiid th« r«Bt in s^vaj^e* isS^ilt h® aiaa his wll*« oaeu|>i«4 tfe» 
aisartEii^als, \ 

fl3i« "^l^lutii'f teffltifi<%d %imt tfea raasoB lie p-ai4 uh« 
T^mt in adsirwi©* •»&« teee®4i«« h^ a©al4 as* lis OetoTaestr t'sat his ix^ti'S* 
Wftiilja not be rta4y fe#f3r« th« «»?! of th® iivjntia; that in Mufe^sb&r lie 
p«4i fealf ©f tla« r«Bt i» ad^jmca aea A'feo^t t>3» ml^_41<» ©r the .month 
fal.-» thfl ©thar half; tbat h« ktjw t>5« te-ouise •'rouia net fe« r«a4y to 



Mefmmh'»wi thut fim di^, not pmy the r«®t in .T?«eejsilfe<sr until h^ saofftd 

0$W5ii«l i'or tre <!®r<?r*aa3S.t esjat^iirl that th& av44ene« 
®» l)^hair of thM plafKtiff lr« rsgair?? to th» r«r.tal «gr9«Ri«Bt 
r«st8 o» fim t^etlmnn-y i&l* t.h« ^lal®tl3*f al©R«i t3a,at 'ii* wsj® sot 
««iirrobor&te4 ; that he was ilrectly aomiradlfetesl fey tittXer; larad 
that In s»,iefe etafe^ ©f tSii^ r^cufii tht tvi^eeet is not a\aff leit.5J3t. 

*e «t9 Q©t «.gr«ie with e©wr«tl for tfe© 48i>Bj34S^t. Stf 
thlfik ti'st the msb®t-«ie« <&r tb« ^l&latiff's fesstisMjsy -^-ae tcr- 

ie %>•«« eTi5,e»«« ©e ^«fh&ir @f tJi© itfeisaaat thej*® is » sigiaifleaHt 
elr«tt^^tt«j<Mi w>.ish t«««^.» to e«srrofeor»t« ih«i fia;lKtlfi\ aid th%t iu 
tkmt ife«r« i« ae wt«s«Es«® thst m® flaiBtiff «s» »l^.ii#*i & iimse. 

■th« ®»« ®e«}:'«i#i«4 hf %h^ fl^iiatiff wart w-«n%0d .iSluI JEJ^ ll^ IMlllM 
i^%as. 3:t will >5® ©Ifesfrriii fnrthm frsia H^mry*® tsstiiva^u^? i;h,.at 
tear tffnt tfet T^laiMtiff m. 1®»b« ¥yi tfeat hi? did r£| .i^^y »h«th<!iy tfe« 
flatBtiff sijCtri«-5 tSs« l9%«t, 

t5l# tetetiaofiy #r eittiar ^r.iclb i«ii4B to »*i®w th&t the ^Iftiatiff 
1s«Ii«Tftd tfc®,t fes «a» net r«itiRg tli«i Hp'^Tt»mi% ea » xeguisor 
ffienthly basis. SitUer tnatirieii, as '^e h.mm stated, siiat ate 
l&«e«»fe«f II, wh#B Mt», Sehwarta ©««• to hl» ©©mpisiiKlag ab©ut tli« 
ev^rpsy^eist sk« h«Ml iaa^« t© tk« cashier. mr», SeJiwarta B*id, ''My 
fe^ebas* 0&liM K© ^ a,fe«ttt payifig i®® mii^i sKusej,*' 

0©ta9S«l fe:r tfe* '5?sf«5«dstfit issatejad that ae©r« 4id 
K®t li»ir«? statborlty t© msOf.^ .» agreement of tJie kind t#»ti lifts'* ta 
%y fte« l^lialjstiff. Oa tMa sjaastien th® ^viamtG€ is coRfli^tijag, 

jif©r« tfftllt«i tMat fe.® isrst* Mr®<! t« rsat rooms «m<! 



b«t«l «r SittlftT Ijsfori! 55© seulsi m^^ filial ayifsmg«!Ei0«t»; tfe®$ 
#lttl«'r*s ^Tmrts were to reiJt thi» ^i4irteeiai»i tb^t the hotel i?a8 
ft Kitw #»« s«(^. ib»t Sltiltr**! tKstr?.i®ti©is« Wi^T^ tp fill tto,# >»:©U»«J 
tti^it tl«.«f« wa« m BtflER4ar4 tri«« for tba &|jsjrfmeiits» lm% tBat h.». 
B®er<s, eetils r^dtaea it 10 ij^ssx eeut tmt n^t «»>t«5 then 15 p-jt e«:ijstj 
tfeat ipS»«k Ht rerts* th«? apsrts^e^t to tli^ tjlftlntiff irft «€i5t to see 

0, K. ®n t>=® arTaKg««eat, «*a?l eii« #, K'sS itj tfe?*t h% «.«iC-t t-o a&« 

fsk&v tisf? ap&yt^tats aji<l, t« tail tfc'Jj ,pTiQ«», h«j1 ir«;^t t® r®<lae« 

th® priest aar is«k» si>©oial aryaiigaaiL^Bt® w4.4t»0«t ®Qi»ijSig; is ««e Mm, 

d:**ice to jasSify t^h© la^y iR findiftg tJiat E©o3fe Mad «siiitiio:rl*y to 
wa,]£# sjfi ^3r«?j»«at mith %%% pltiimtlff lis regai-d ^o ths r^stai ©f 

0atMa&«l f©r %h© tiaff!Bd.wt furtH.er «®«5t«K^ ids-ai the 
trial e^'^yt ea3SEiitt«€ r«Yereifel# ^rr&r in sllsw.lug th$i fcxi&i at* 
torney for tlt.s> ^i%ij5ti''J" ta ask l^si^iag liiM^^tioiRs oa t>5« «:i®ii«a» 
ti^n <?f tl3# «ltK®i5««s for thf^ plaintiff, 

«« d® net ifcsiaie that tfc© B«>«rt err*^.. AaaptMng tm 
th^ well *g)t»ljlieh«4 rwle, & trial a©itrt has » Xaufg;fa <Sis«i*«ti©» 
in th* matter ©i" £h© ®xs«lsa1*i«>iQ af «i.teaMa«a, -mil w«j .lo sol ft*iiaiE 
ttmt tb« 0sa2Pt afc'w.sod it» diaei'-istleui iii tia® a»s« at la«r, 

«3ay'AiM&ti©» ef M903pe iBy th» plaistiff 'a at-tomey, tfe* ooari ^rr«d 



the frjl; c^iHg ^wj^stlC'R ?%n1 *ujsw«r: 

*(i. I>9 y«tt J£«ow ©f tmf arraB^sttBimt ®&de wifh sir, 
3efeiw«irtJ£ ''(^j®r8by 5i# 'nM tet right %9 r«meTr« fr©» tfe« Sottthaoj-or 
M©tel wfeer* ^ilo l>j,illMa# ts-ss coflgslat®4 ^^►©a th# payment to tht 
M%«1 9f th^ imn^f d.m the fe«.t«l i?fea» 1a« r«ia»y«d fresa thes* 

A, fh&% is ik# ttJ*a©rBtaJidi»g, the privilege.* 

.f5?§ 111,,, m, in »p*8sMeg «!* » similar ol>j«*®ti<s» tfet «>©«rt said 
ipp» ?>3, t'O: "At Is iisixt a»Kii:H«<t *» trrer that %hs e«>art 8ry«A 

tteskt fe« coBsiiered t5mt fee wae la » p«rli®tt« witmtiea at the t'lffl* 
)s« frlslppa^^ tqp Ms |jers«s aBfl tke app®lX«« ntt«mptfe^ to g«t ent ©f 
tb« "^ffe^:;©!! fcft^r tfe^y di«eoT«3r«4 tte« «#f»3r©«*©bt»g train, as it la 
«al*1 tke ^u««tloB ea,ll»i ©»lj f®y the eQa«ltj«iaii of lh« Mtaees, 
It, ©»r^j»«» «.*y b* txiifi thAt *A® stAt,«s!*!at ©f Uti^ witoees t>3at h.% 
Qnn^iA«rm\ that lia ■wm.s in a dauigftroa* att-'iatlcaB, was. In a Bewue, tJw 
«K»««la9t#n ©f t>!.« isrl, tsiw©6,, K@ ha4, >i©weY«sr, b«r0r« tJi« na<9»tio» was 

thfj aeolflsost, smd If It -reris o«*Bt?ede4, th« {|uestlea t?** ©■bjeetloa- 

»t?l« AfF. esklllHi^ f^T the waeltiiaiioa of th«? Mtn*e». y© tMnlc tlh* 
swraiitrfST -^ov^e^ sae fcsjpm t©. •fc^^«3Lii?:E.t imA ^trnvtl^.- m^t "b^ hf^lA to con- 
st itttt* r«?sriflfel© erj*©T,* 

Sottiisml f^r tH«s dfi^fsn-'lant twtthnt eoKter.-l that th?»r« 
ar« turo fatal vsj-rl-sriotfl l5«tif#®H th® nllegmtl^i^s In th® sststtemaot ©f 



clalB smd th"! pre of, I'lrat, Ihat "thf* «Yi.i«MHBO eswciwai'vely eheurs* 
that tfen payment of tbe rmat t© th« hofcisl by Urn, Bshwaj-ta, "tf 

ipAld turjrter el r«iiU6«fitsii'ie#a estitXtng platiRtlfr td rfcoT^r, ^&» pal4 
Iby mlstak&e,* 3*t4 imii net saA® under frotf^sti im.'^ that tee plain- 

tiff ♦» atati»®ist 0f s:|,al.,M ail«f«s that th© r!ayfEe,vst traic sasnf® tm1«sr 

st'Sadai'tJ rental, of th« ApartaaaR.t wms |2S!5 it- ?ri©Btli, -*nd th?st ttsf 
txtya «bi%ra'0 was 111 » a«»atfej «ia th.^l tl5» stattatat ©f elalm &1- 
l«ig«« ttea% tJie reafeisl wan fM© ». !S0Mt>i, fsiil t>j,« eixtxa oliarge ^aa 
110 «. js-fjotli. 

ffet <S:»f«n4®«t Is not siitill«;3 t^ prn^nnt t%© qta^sstleii 

eadly fetntei eat »« th<s sfsfi-f^rtg® ^'a»? Jsty^'^^a*^ 'jb t*?* t^'tsl; rmi 
ao mo ties '*a,» %M« ^y tfc» ^l'^f«ni?asiit ^t ttt® cl«s« 0f aI3 gsf t>s,e 

SlS^i^ ▼. SMea££-Jl^S«lELj.eSfJfi2t ^^'^ ^l^-, IM. 158. 139. 

W« art of Ike ofiRlen thi?.t tlf3» T^^rllct o"?* th« ;fury it 



,x<[}©«#-^ , 



365 - segis 



\, 






MH, mmt 





■:.^^^ 



241 1. A- 599 



mm SSUtYSHSl^ 1S1 I5?KI« ©F Til S©T«¥, 



this Is ^} s.^«>eal. %y *?■• 3« tara«l<&Bh, th« d«f«fK!idant, 

Sflaieiiirf, 1« ss a.etlo» for r««t »lltg«#, t© Is-** a.u« to %hs flale- 

c4t2? of Shi tag©, 

■3«f»R.-ia3rn file«i m affidavit sYtfrlBi; thmt fe« h\iA a gwd fflB«| 




affidavit 1» sttfiM^lSTit. fki^ affl^airlt all®g#» %hm% tfe« ««f«tt4« 
ant wag t>)« i9,««#a, t?mt tteat tto« Syl-aji.^ Kl.#etrleal ^tt!?#ly 0@is]^i«sy 

l^lmtutiff J t^^Skt tlbi<& l«a»edi ^reisiwes e&Kstsst^fi ©f ttoe first n.e»T 
«Ri4 tl3« "feaRessarjt ©I' a fomr-s&Oify feal-lillji^j thai tfe« ftrwsstists w«r« 
IftaaM to th@ 4«ir««s4«st, tut th%% %'ttla tfe« to»0witag« m^A. «e«8Mt 
»f iM« pi.al»til*/ tlj«y w«r« «»»?! a» as or/ie« «iaa Btoekro?sK fey tli« 
EylftB^ Bl^etJrlejyL Su^'sly Coispany; tl?ss.i the ©ther tkr«« atoirieg 
©r tfeft baiiaiRg *flrr« ooouplea ^y the fraaklla Ht«l. Th^- affidft-rit 



§3 p 



ffaaklla ®tr«'«»t, CMe-^go, IlXteJ^i®, t® ¥,# nm^ S'mr ©ffl©* jsmd 

airy ^, %9W, mi s»«ijag Haa^fesy 3X, 19S4, at a t^w r^tsl <»r 
|10»®l^,O0, fay&fele la slxt^ l»»tallBi«it® ©f $l^'.c-0 ««©lij t.fe»t 
•ai4 l*a«« ftrs'vld#4 that trsi© mfflmit &.M leSKite fe^« tfe« prirl* 

i«a»» ®*>'1 tilmt after tsfclctag f©fe^e»»st»» t1»»:r«f»f, B.ffimm% «aw,«e4 t© 

%fXm4 Mmtn^stX mppXy ««., art«3r thM aay «!f it®, f^mfitles m$. 
fetT«i»^rtfT R@t fertfej tMmt «t»ri»g ssll 43^# ti«* tfe^t saiji e#r* 

mf tis» tairaia ©f r^14 l«ii»«| tfeat «sii4 ^X*i»feiff tetir tSisst %altl 
e«iiF'SM»irmfeltii im^, a«*% this iiiil*.fi«,i Is^iTifilyslly w»» ia p©®®#©sit» 
»f 3«i<l pr»mi»«» •lse« ©a ar .i^feotit. Illi« Sfe'!? dajr ®f j*iia»i5%ry, isac^-j 

%h«i teasaat ©f a«ii?J i&:r«iaiig»«, a!» la r*,«t it ^st*. «** ATl'liMEf 
l*^3r|.fe.«ur states tfeat a-arlRji; tfee t®r^ ®f said l«iast isB^ ?1arisai.g th® 
tine wfctB »al4 %la«sd iSl,#©trifflal %n»fsly €'©. '^as ia faasB^seiiasj ttjr 

aaa »tfci#r tsr»0ii8 ,tat©r«st«4 t» «1 eomBaeted i*ith ©a.14. teylsusd 
.SXeetrleil ttJ^pl? S«(t., »s ^a;^l«y««sa, ©rria«r« ©r otfefflrwis^, that 
tto® s&i«?. FraukllB, l^teO. w^ss a Ji©uai« @t' as!si|3Rat.l®» ««■ ^f 111 f«K«f 
«aii1 •*»» aa«.4 aaftil mialntstte*! jsad, a'peratita liy tfct l«:rt.!«t or les<^«« 
%*!W«tf f®r laiis®i-ai. m.f^ \m€ ftiri»©»«sj that sal4 >s«i#l wa« jrre- 



t^east®^ *i all te©«r8 of Iha- day --m^ Jitgfet by I©iq»<? Mid ii'^KkfinBi 

atst»« that fee !a"*4 &th»t p«rs©«» iBter«st^4 In s«ii eotm«ofc«d with 

©f tl4® ^l-aiiitiff t© tiie «®i34iti0a» af©r<i«ai'1. e^wawrRlsij tls» operst- 

sflsy kl»t t© «ii%']ftt# tl^t itt»i »f*fEig« mf»€ia ©«si '^ fi.r#?s4a@» fey tl5!.« ©^t^ratlon 
©f s-s^Ls ti,#t«'l. lis tM« tll«f«l wnii. immr-ml mi»)imi.m^ »f«y««ai4, 'hut %h» 

th^ pftpsmtft^ aasa tesl«t«at @#ssflstRt« of this afft,?9jBt. '»'l of stalsj 

tlaiKt ^y isaiii tylaiad Bl^etrioal. ^'pplj 0®, «f t^*® shmmtm of 
»&i<! j^et<&i ws« ma4« i® ti*« p®ii?|-«5 »i5itb#rii.l«9 @r tii« twits' ®^ 
©felcag© ^ftms^ «t« pl/*,lRttfr, titii teeing te^^ltdgt ©f tU* «it«Sfc«' 

9Wt, fjs.ll«4 t«j take «y s*®tl« witH r«,sip'?^«it teisr«««. Affimit 
f'artfetr states %%&.% to it« \?«»Ik®«® *ri*r®af*i4 tlt« ©©rfexmtiea 
9mpX9yis4 a ««®fe«y ©-f |s«»r®0BK, »©m© ef w}*sa war® Wis^mm m4 glrlf j 

muihrnlt t® ismt^. astt.'l 4 *!»«««,. r».f'jB#<^ t® l«MEjf«r e^r^tirma their «aa* 



^asai. 



fey m^ j«a.i»t«R««# ®f tfe« s^^Bf'atleJs® &#ar®l»*jef©r« <t*?>c«Kri%«'a, In 
e©RB«etl(SB wiife ssiid J?.«t«3.. Afri.s»«^ fat-tl^^r «tf*t»e tJsat t^,« «a» 

Sl<»etri8®JL I^F;'!iy C©,; tlhat jptrsdH^ siftterlfig »ai« hotel f&r tJ3« 
iss^ormi a»4. ilXegsX ii«Jiio»«» fe,?irei»^<«r©r« -assort "b^^ Ija j^iany iB- 

©.hdi,rt«l«3f ©f tefir sjlaslea l»(!»«aa^ jspf/^^eiat %& tfee ♦»sjtl©y»fi«! ©f 
9at^ Kyls»4 llesstritistl. Supply 6©,; %hm t« ©@ea«ien» it "beeasi* 
aeeeesary f©r i5s* msXi Uflsmd 'tlectrl©*! iui^isl^' Co, t© reeaire 
««rt®l» ©f lt» i!?©««ft ^ad girl «iploy®s^s t» werli la t.h» «v^l©|g 

%#«)»« roiP* «f.gfriafftt#<l, Bfe tS^at taf'SH msay ®«ea«iis«s sMid 'Pfiisefi 

S«pi^ly S©. *® flsi®» af tnselis«»t at mlfM, ae4 t.feB* ih# fe««ln®es ©f 
•ftia Sylaai lieetrlcal Siti^ply Ce. ^-fts iBt^rfer#(! with, ts£i^air«i5, 
mm^ 4sism^«tf, all e« aeeoant t>f t'm t«si©ral: r,?p«l illstgal ^orftRsa* 

Afflaut ^«rt.fe«r «t»te» tte»t teis *tt««ti©» :itM-4 tk« att«BUl«B ef 
•aid Hyl«ii4 Sl«etrleal S\»ip>|5iy 0©, ■w^^x* i&jB jaaiiy ©ees^iiisaa ««a,lei 
to tb« iRjtsricM® €ffo©tB ef tv.e op^jf^tisw «*f asl^ h©tel im- tJs« 
mxm&^r afsfrtsf^it sjSil Hf?6« ita feueJlKss* fey tw.S5t©ffi®r« an-i i»y©sjs«©tw« 
etiistfflKere ef 6ai4 llyla«6 Eieotrleai t^ttpply C«*,, w-fe© cos^i-itcft^ to 
this ^fismt mn t« efeia Hylajiil Jaft«trie«a Supply ^e. oi* tJie 
©h)*ra«t0r &f saifS 5*»t#l, imd Ujat thlu affiiint v«riXy b*llftv«8 



■Il<*«tri©ftl Stip^ly €■«». wj*fi loat t« fi^ta csrwr&tlsij by r«a«on of 
%Ji,« l^eiatioa of tfee fettiri«©.®;3 ©f Bni« 0«rt3«>rmtt0»' in the 'Jtmll4lRg 
aX«r«»«i.it ssadsT %h^ ttimAi%i<mn stfer®®®.!^, A^fflit^-t fmrtlrsear »tat«» 
tfe&fe it ''fe#f:aK,-«' tl!» '5«ty of th^ plsiBtlST, is-ft^y hating, k'saiwl^ig* 
©r &ft«r ^t^ieg sfhay^gftd with iCKs^i'le^t csf th^ ia©tjditl©ss afcrtasd^ 
relstijst:. te msit is,arfe of tfe«! i^l*titi tiff's t5uil<?ia« which vmm 0®* 
#afia4 "toy mi^ h^%^ , to ?s\i*te msefc lm^c?»l «a94 llJ*.gal. «*© ^r 

his ^luty a%t#rly fatla^l t^ afeat* tin* a»i®Mie« ©.*ua«a hy thB 

t'Simt s«l'l Mflm^ m,#etyi#«a Sii?»^ly ae.» ©f wiil®h tM.® ^ffiaist i« ft 

8ft«r isseliljag fJi© y#i»«at«!4 *c4 iB«l®t«>at €s#!Ks|»2,aint« ^»res&li» aad 
ii^t^f sal 4 eisratlatate V9r« lfi^.©re^ by tm p,l^.in%iff «@ -'^fer©®*!^, 
aa4 aftar it "tese^ass* !.ipp^r«*K% thm^ %h^ «©8 -lit .1011 » *ltte xtf^y^xucsa t« 

If a4. *-* Affi^lt f'4iii>i«r stai^S'i^ tfeitt the f.»&et« smd elre-'j^rtase** 
h^r^inh^fxiT^ aet fortb wltli j'is-..fisis^®a«e te tlie ass 01' tfe« ^I^.latlff *• 

April 30, MMA, m^, t%m% »«itfe«iir ©f %mm i« llft*fcl« r©r tet r«Kt 
1&» payMitfe'l in «SRt#r his m^p<9mrmiePi j^« to t'iX«» si« 3.ITi'.l&Tlt «f 



the affidavit all»g?^d tha* djjriai; tfe« (S«tlr« t,iia» of 
tfe«* 9e«5Mpa»^ «f the pre,cil3«»is 'by tfe« l.yXs*i<i Eloisttri^al ^v^i'^l;^ vjoss- 
pmf ^h,0 r»)Bt vat^ ?jsii4 to the piialHtlf/. 

•tlttttP- « «!«j»{?vtr9Ctlvc «v'. r.iSfifs* jt^lst|: •V. jig^JiTt, 16a III, A^?»., 
SI'S, 5?4; iMllM^MSS '^* lll!^Ml^» -'^^*^" ^^-« Aff!., SS'S, 3^, SSC^j 

h.m4. tmt waiTft'fi Its rt#i t© al)-a»-«l©m tfe« pT«!Ssi»««, 

penn^tiMUm ef tfe» ffreBJis*® aJ.'t®r » c^aitrtnetlv^ tvi-utlyj. , fe® waif*?® 
Me ricxit ®f al^Qjii'feiaaaatj titmt B0 «i®SiistJ'U4jti-if«. «Tiatlea exist* 

ii^il^,Ji.SEMs..SsHEmt» ^3 ^^1^ %!*.. i'?"i» I'J's. 

• tons, t?^:???-* i® B« «iiri*3ti©ii If "hig s^es-tlwijiea iu ®©s«»»slftB, 

16.::^% of %hm ^rf»mt*»«&. Ski !» ©ffiar t& esKEtitxite sa flrrtotl^^a it is 

It list ale© t>i« riaiw, a« aEficia»o«^ ia -ifc* e%6« of 
llaj|.M;lIS. ■^'•' ^SaSiaSiLfc Sl^ J1U» lis* li?, tj^ist «h?re iteey© Is « 



1.«*»« "kf %h^ lessees, fh^ ®eG«ptafie« «f r«Rt aft6>r the breach !»• 
etrftttip tha ferf*itu3Fe «%« <soKusitt«i>d, "(^ilX not '^reel^j^lo? %h* 

feyfttitwyn for a. ^r»aeh @f e&r^n'mt K3B--^9r « i**a8.'?, 'fey the l<f®fi»y, 
i« tn« casj© at fear, #4ttei>^^fe isfe« ai'*",id».T4t ali^wft %hi^% 

^,a% tfe«» tylfttst &l««ti;i. siil iatipplj <i^»?ai&;f !P««»miii*«. in tl'** y^rm-jiwet 

Sl.»«trleia iai»!?ly ©sfefjiftj w&.tf^!? it» r!ght tc a>>*fi€0i5 th^ ■pr^mslutiM 

t^rrim^^, th* nfi'l-i^ylt -1««8 mat aileg« mp^etft^aXl^ %h» ttm« 

first Jm«r«r thmfe tte« Sri«t«a. ^isye fe»tft'S ii««€ fer l««=orsa. fnyir'ae^sj aar 

Byland. Sltetrleal Supply Q^npnsiy 'tm%lti<!^4. ttet islfAlittll'l' tfeal tte« 
ia#fc«i -wa* i&elBg a»«a t'03r i^".©T«J, pu^^ea^is; nor ^»«» th« affidavit 

t*i« alTitavit ®®r«ly ^.Itggja that **!ilMriag the term* tsT th^ l*?a»« 
tfe« HylAS^ il^^^ti-ioal ©upplj Ctm^arijf .Itmrnst of tfai^ l.-sfi^jr^l pur- 

tylsiO. S^p'^iy Sdspasfiy "frtsjamtlj «fei'ii*d ih* Jst.tlieKtlsn ef tb© 
fl.alatiJ'f* to t*t 0fe|ti©tl*B«*;l,e ^t^alitlrs©, s«^ "mifeile r»pi*at«i 
«»# lRiijl*;t#',et S9si?snl«k.tsafc«|* tKi&t *4as-l«sg »3l4. sf t>?» tl.®«-" that i.'hft 

it -pml^ rtnt to lit-.* pi sir, tiff, Siace tte« ©Tletlou ws» a eontlr.tilistif 



-aii 



tfe.e j^r«si5.e® subs»ciV*Hit3 J 1.0 M'.«? ,^ig>«f-mt sr tb*^^ rf«t, li tit* ecndi- 

▼• EmEMa^SHSX^J ^* i« 0t^'fll@^«, fii^srefo-rs, tJjsat in oT'&ir to «h©v 

tilt pT«f^isnn a I th*j tts»«» th-^^ the affiiaTlt all<?gss) fJ'mt- th« <iy«» 
l«ad, tl««tiPi6JB!.i Stp>|Jl^ §0^0'^^^ aetsMlly f%z:'->.^M th« ^remis-^s, 

«f t>3« alTlilsft'^it :-43PS!' %s f€>Ileiw®: *s?.:rt^r as«\>-iifsg the rnvi^at*;-?. aa4 
i»stst^&t eisa^.lsliiit s./tJi-^fesaisJ, -mi aftsr sss^i^ tt^ife^iJSkiBts '^ert 

sfet f'-sft^ -^llifc f"»l'«r-$as« to %he u»t- sf tke jslniiitllT *s pr€*.i!.t©e 
b:? i-iai-^ ^ra.nJK2.1ia Bot«5i ©ossti t"..^tfet m cjyfc&'tmetiva «)Vlcti«^ti of 

OB'S tfmt K«lti^Kr t>i» arftimt mr tftid Ifjl^md ?-ls«i,rie«i3l Supply 

Sa, lOM, .®ii4-th»t n^ifJpar <^r the*® Is llal>l© fpr tk<t x*ait f'0y th» 

f«ri»itt«d fee esstar isiss aisptaraaus sm<5 t?> flip i.K afflfl^^vit of 



tij*?d' :-• i$ V! ! .•?? 



»9; 



sr- 



^«*^ 



It -^Ul hit tt'sarve^ i'resi the «2.1»^£.ti€t3 4 sf tl^i- af« 
tfeat tl^^T* ijg Hat sulfas a3a «-;!s-fXlcit sril«g»ti>Si;i tfe&t tk« <st»J««;ttflai» 
e«l ^'>a5ply ^^^mm^t t^^ss-ttd ^fct ^rt^rsi^eis, I'^y nil tVj,** «.f|i%;^irs froa 

©yd^flp to es?t£*li>MS5is a Tail if -^nt'-nB^ to tlis ai,!&ti®i3 e'^' ta«* i>l*i«itiff , 

tiij(;> t^« j?««i,Si&sB.i8 i:?ts!*,l4'4. ilia i^rAi>iX* i»f thx^ tj*ifel. s#urt is 



537 - 301^-48 



.^ 













f 



!^ C 



«s. smtim mtmetoM wmiTmm nm muim m fiE cmm:. 



This is an %pp@»X 1>^ 0* 1^, Me^th «l »!., trading ae 
i^lfty^'a, tla# -f^ladatiffB, fro® a iBt^gaeat in tli» Mtmielpal eomrt ©f 
eMeag© In fatTor ©f ?a«l Horn, th@ isfstidjaj-Jt, In an aetl^n brought 
T&y tli« plaiBtlffii against H^jra te r««atr«r t5$w?.age« for tlxm less ©I* 
» mlnfe far ©s^t, th» ©r^jfifflrtj ©f .Aubii K®s«n, wEho "f^s* losnT«d aj^aiaat 
l«»s» ^ th€ plaiBtlffs. JbiXitm Rosea ^99lgR«4 la<«!r elal» a^^ttoat tH« 
defaa-iant t© %ht i»l«l»tiff«. 

f*i# «!*»« wa.il t3ri«4 "bssfnr* t>5r^ ^r-tirt wlff-.otit a .5M,ry, 

'Bi« ©sly g!«®eti®3a t© 19« t!st«3Pml»«8<3 is wh#th«ir tfe« #.©• 
f eiad:«Bt wae £k bail«», 

Th9 4«feaaai3t oofi tends tiaat "fee wajs uot i« nrjy way « 
'bftll«<i sad set liabl© as a 1}%iXe« ^md tfee Xtm ef ballj&ent dQse ii©t 
a^ply* * 

fh^ mntunlian ©f the pl&intitf is that tlj« defaudaat 
was A bailor, naa t*j»t tfee loae of th« m&t was du® t# Ms n«^li» 

ffee t^iilftneKi relating te tba question ef fe«iajs5imt t« 
ae fellowe: Aima Ho9«n testified oa ^©haif ©f tli© plftintiffa that 
»1i« g®.v© tl!« eo»t t0 th» flefissra-iant to atisim fgr herj that «ho gaT« 
ftte« ^afcHiaait a© instri»eti5jn» tn r«g%ra te the eoat; tiiat thm d«- 



n 



5«f dil4«r 



t^i*l 



ui-^ 



,< <vi-€' "^ 



fendant %9i«l hav %%»% h« >iiia4 r«iiiea p&3tt of th« Ta\dt of a furrier 

najEtfti Jftck Ola«s«r{ that tfc« a«f«sn(?Mit tel?! la«r t>;mt as h.« tead a 
P'lrt ef 01ssEsr*« r&ult, th© iitv^ragts i»o-al^ R©t l»« »» MfJft &« If 
to« p'Bt tfce ©eat ie eterfe^;© himsfslf' that ike prie» of tfe« «!tor®.£;« 
wae fisceai Ijy the iralus ef the <j©«*j t>;fei tJ-se T®lue ©f tkt eaat vat 
ptit 0.f a %t»^ fi£tt3r<i, aljeiat |40e, suM tlb&t tfei* price ©f eisrage was 
eistiffisLtsdl oa that "feftsia; that thti defeadaat aetlfl^d Acisa &ob«ii ttoat 
tli« «!«»i was g©»e; tbst tht :^ef©Bfl,siRt €14 »©t »&y h©ir ffeii* eftat wftft 

Jeek ©la,«!-??«r te«tifl«'i?: tloAt >s® >ia€ a stnrmge Tsult and 
that he §\^T%S. g©9^.ii f'@r ethers; ihst h*. r«?K:t«4 » II. *tl«^ fepr-ee in 
th« veult te the <l©f«ii'iior»ts tij;*t li« ©teajrged tht Sef^rtdsaat sevdis 
d©ll«rt ©» ea«ii garaiS^t f©r ©terij^e isitd #le»niag; %hk% ttee 4*f»i3!d» 
i»t kj^ tis€t raeJsE* ia tJb© v^ait Trhleh -sf^rfe aftttd »xeatt«l¥tly "by tfe« 

«lEiSth@r th« dtef<ii\4»i&t ¥rcfa^}t £a i2::e eeat @f Auca Rosea or not; tb&t 
ho "broaglat ija a -^luk @e«t; t..fc«.i tee, &3.ass#r, <-!t<l B«>t aait tbe B4W«» 
©f iiie aefeMaKt'B e-uet«>mer»i t.h®.t ttim 4«f®K,assst fea4 aeceee tc tl5.« 
fault; thiiil fe«, Slaaeer, i©14 tt?,« d«f«Jad9ai that If h« R«e^.«d a^y- 
thlsaf t«& g9 'i5ews aaaA taSs« it; tli&t th« d®fe»daat *us®-d to oo-me ia 
tJs© «t«r«, suaA he wswited a ©«rt%iia eo&t* oebody *?etild w&tete Ma to 
ge ia ih9 vaidt;^ tb^t h& ^ould go lijr hija^eXf; tliat one day th« 
4ef esd&iJt eaase !« t>ie ei».r« ftnd told Ma, $l;ae3er» that h«, the de- 
f»ois«5t, hgt4 a eowi>l« of garm««t« la the vmtjXt, & mLnk ©oat an^J a 
Rcarf; that h#, Sla.8s!er» le«^«^ i» the Ta\dt sad f^tnid th« aearf, 
hut that the »i»3fe <ie«kt was not th®T®, 

Tlift enly ^Itueee who t#Btirie4 ei* teekstlf ©f tfee (t«f«Bd- 
«»t «a» ths» 4sfen<l«uat hl»8«lf. He tsstij*i©a that ^h«aa Amta Eosen 
first brought the eout ts hia he t©i,4 her that h$ h«id so vault fey 
•tojcagy, 'but that fee *«tild atere the eoat "ia a i^roper v&jiXt, in & 
geed Tf^ult to he eafe;* thstt he etered the ooat in aiaeser'e Tawlt, 






■f r. «• --5 ;> rS n.i\ • , il* 









,',&««i'1Mi\lb«:-; 



iS!^;r If; 



told ^R« Kos«» >i« hpA stoi^ it th«»r?', j^jisA ih«it •«he was uatis- 
ficd{* t->:^t hft- xmti ri«T«r p^naitt-^^ to ^ in1;-« t^t*. vault l&y him- 
•islf ; tlmt h.« ja«ver %pok. aoats cat ©f t^^isru himsmlf; tfeat s-swetsoay 

wa» in ai*sa«r*8 9ti)r« h© salcl tfsi- ©lf*.ff»®y, *?©« still hsT« a e©at 
©f «i«« tl5«r»j* t^^^-i-t ^XnansT sal 4, •Ymir ecjit isn't thertij* t>?,%t 
lt« a*i5. 61«t«str M^at lrit«( t'sf Ta?/i.t ana fetaad tfestt th^ «sei3.t wsmi 

^a ^yft of the ©i?iBi®o. tlhat tfe^ fy»fnn4«?r^Bfs« of t>j«9 
«T.i4«S39 dgafly ©8t-alali»^.f« %lx9 fs^^t that tfe.« dl«f«B5aBt wa« a 
l»ail,««; tiiftt tii iht 9tr«',iBast«iic«» fh« "buydas isms gis ^Im to »h0*r 
iStat feg tsterelBe't t"h« care tl^at ■^.^s rtv^*aiyad tej t^o nattsr* pf %}%• 
%&ilm^&%,l mi iJUit lf% >.%» fa,il0a t© ass:® «mefe proef , 

Is. tfe« eae# of .S.m24ilI.~-I*_%L!. "«'• ISLt,i« ^^ U.I, , 4iS, 

^htii ttin Ijttiler h.;i« sKeifla "fee »t5jre4 th« g-93-i« li^ ^,^co^ e'^^n^fUties^ 
»»« tfc«y ^are r«t'ira«Jd *© >sii'.. in » fl!>yssi|i?4 8ts?.t^, or not. r*?t«rtiJ*a 

s,t &li, thai tb« law »h8«3.d t>y«?s?j®« n®gligfi?«a« ©e th^r iiart ©f th« 
'teails®, MRd lE^oiBO ©*i 5\lja the t5*ijrd<m cf sthu'wlng h^ SKertiaM 3«eh 

Emtei *J.Jli« ^. ?.a£Ja_JS£Il» i*a» follo-^ea in the casasof ^-^rnXM 
-». M££i5Li>£Mg.,i.t ^<^ffg^I« SSI m., 43. 80, L«i«S ^U^S ^. Mlgia'ft- 

MiifiaLJkm-Siam^x. ^fi® ^u,, 3ae, SSI*. 

I?©us»®l for Uifs i«f«»4«3!it e«3Bt«ad» tk»t t^tre i® n© 
«Ti4taeft 9J' tl.9 Talu« of tin* eoat, w« do net t;hiiilc that the ami" 

fto« pr^ef «jf elalffl m»j|« l>y Aams Res«a to the pl».ii3tiff« 
fojp th# !L(»!is ©f the eo»6 waa ttttr©<S>a<?»4 1b rvi«!,ene«» ?ui4 le the proof 
of alala it ie state<S that the cash V'-iaue of th© ©oat «&• 11060. TJi.e 



■'■'fitm m'-:' 



it"^. ';;.•:,•■ fi'^.h- 



-■r.^'J Jf-'I'lVytmv 



■■|;#'#sft«6 ■•«*'• 



©▼l^erc* ®V<ow» thiit the T)l?iintiff» p&ia %hA% mavvmt t© Asanm lioees 9,m 
laslftanity for tltj« l&m «f ttos^ eoat, 

I'e «fTia-«Be« afi to the Talu« 91' the coat w&t Intro iu«td 
>3r th« d^fendttat, 

W« ar« eJ the opinion tliat in. the clroiifiistajacsa there ii 
8'affieii»i}i •vidsBC* of tiie valae oi' the coat. ^jT^. hB.s ori t. .|;SS£1sM* 

iLi&asl-laMaM.. ^2 in., lei, in. xisj oxtxai ^. IImUs. ssi nx, 

App.. ia3, 191; Cfearle» R. ,0Ql|i v. J.. .iJoatsej^ et_ al.,, fc-©. 30210, 
opialoa ril^fd in this sewrfe, is©t y©t r«^orted. 

fur ike reaaons iit?4t«ia tfa© jmf^gfflent. of tbe trial court 
Is rev®r»«d ajsd jfuiSg^Mit le eRt^rflni fc.®r« in fm&v 5>f tb« plaintiff* 
t» tte* fttasi ©f IXOSO. 

mm III THi" ^g:!i ©^ iioso.eo, 

E»teh«tt, ^, J., a«^ *,«Sur%ly, 4"., eonoiir. 



i-tri-s .-3" -, i'^.'X*. " :l ." \t».<it'»A'''. 



ftJi 



JCl MXfCHiO-L, \ ) ■' ^r 




OF CHIC AGO, 



1 

m. jtjafics jcHJ^aTen mlivkess) f?® ommon ot thb coubt. 

This is an action In th® Municipal Court ef Chiepig© 
brought lE>y J«>» KitohelX, the plaintiff, ag«lnet *yr)ton i'©gn©r, 
the dftfeRdsjst, to recoTer |6©0 irMok th» pial»tiif fslleges he 
l«lit to the defea^Knt, 

im<r esurt fetmd in favor ©f tJie plaintiff in th« man of 11530 
sBd aoats* mnd ^nter^^d judgment on the finding. She <ifef«iad&]it 
has ft^poftled froa the Jtidga«nt« 

The defendant oontend^ that th« court coBBsitted 
rererslble «»rror in thiit the eotirt tel«pkon«d th© wif© caid tht 
eouain of the pl&intiff snd ^^eation&di th«a fthout the faets tn 
the o&6«. 

The a"fo0 tract dose not show sny en&h aotion on the ijert 
of the court* 

All of the other aEBlgnsento of srror of the defendant 
relate to th« t^Tldeaeot «md b.b none of the eTiat^nee ie Kihgtreetedt 
these as^gi^nmento of error should net ho considered* 

The rule le that the appellsaat le required to furnish ft 
eoari^lete sthatract showing e-Terything neeeEE&ry to a deterainstlon 
of the ^eationa involred on appeal » ( Kl eehkogski v» BeetrcwiB . 179 
111, App, 73, 78) »Bd that where the teisitiisony is not ahstreeted 
the preBuiaptioB «ihould be indulged that the eTidence, i« shetract d, 



:m A.11 






f\ ■Jf\. 7 r 



.ti^ewa $»t ^ 






;•*»! 



'if?^" ?vjf? 



^■?<!iiir 



f»jfi* 






vfiv.ld mfi%0.in the .m^gaent. Olos t.« slwad . 218 111, 209, 218; 
Levi V. Mek . 177 211. App, fS, 100. 

It ia S'lm t3ae r«l« tiifit tSuu ooart «dll sot exfdBsint 

tk« recflrd f®y the parpoee «i* ttssc^rt&ining whitJi^r n ,|«clgaeiit 
liiieui^ ^ r^Tisrsed, fhara ton t«, iata^i. l^^ III. App, 4S2, 4a4{ 

lffU^>'*i!^yy, „f,8^?>ff,lf,^» i'^^e i^li, ^p^. 6s5, 634. 

JP«jr 1^« tiasettt statist tlst ittA^TOBt «f th® trial 



•^« 



« ■■'■>'.''... ,, 



lAiT-t 'AtJ^t l* ifwaeij^bjs?!, »«t*. 



#tL. 



,rii^n- 



'^^^ "iMlML-a^X: 



« sV^c'v ;..««« 



y 



69 - soaao 




LOUIS ^aKLis W, , ) 

vs. \ 

\ J^ ©^ SHIGAGO. 



:l-7i5^5iS:*¥fA'Wl^^'^-^?V- r.-, . 



MS. JfHSfUS JOHKSTOJS BSLIYEaSU lUl 0:?J:Bl0li Of X^ CGXKf . 



ilii® is an action in feh© Mtinieipal eouyt ef Chicago, 
Isreuiiht "by th« L^uia Beigler Coapariy, tb« Dlaintiff « aij&lnst tfet 
Aa4ftr«9S lien Wgrka, the defecuiarit, fJie 6-tat,eme»fe ©f eialiE ef the 

pliniistiff i« as follow i J 

•fteat tils* (Sefeia^aant gav« it a yer'bal eraer to furtilsh waa 
deliver to tfc^© feuil-^^ing of Hsiia HsKsoa at ^o. 7311 Ltt^Ila Ave., 
Chicago J lliineiB, twft (?) 'l©ul>le huag asetal windows at a prioe 
ef |?3.0f;. l>laiKtiff r*Xl«g??s that it di*? m-sJse saifl wln.io^s ait4 
did dftiiveiP %%V\ w4n-'fo^B t© said ijremlse* on th«8 ?lst lay of 
d^uly, l»f4. Plftintlff fiirther allf^ges t^at afterward tl".a de« 
fsndsmt R©tifl«^!5 tfc*? ©Imintiff tl^at It wi@>i«d to return taid 
win'$e?-w« t© th* fslaintiffj thftreaft-sy the plaintiff called fer 
aR4 teek "back »al^ wlri;l0W9i tVsat upon 4edxscitlng its grofltte 
ftjid «x?>»rnB«« on 8ai<3 trajasaotloR tij« plaintiff allowad the 
4ef©K.4sRt a ere<?it of 020. OG ©k its said Mil, l«saviag da© ^na 
flwiag t© th® plaintiff tb« «\m af #»3.0©.* 

ffe« Q»i»« was Jteard "teeftre tlis? eoxijft wit>^«t«t a Jwry. 

•nfeie O0»rt dl8ffiis««d th« lactleB a» %© tJi® ^efM34sn»t» th« laderggo 

2t©h works; «ut@red an order msakijig Mans Mantcaai a party defef).4ant; 

fe^n^ «5i« iseutis for tii« itlaiatiffj assessed the plaiHtiff *8 das- 

ag«B at iS3 asa o^stej and ®n.ter«^ Jud^«nt j^&iaet Haii« llmneoa ©n 

the f iB4iBg, Itet erder msJ;iag Msae laaaen a party defendsnt is ne 

follows; 

*"?!5is ea«fi« coming <*a for trial tfeie 4tb day of kay, 1©36, 
tfe® ooart baviRg hear^^ tli« ©Tir?.®net ana th« wt^ymm-%^ of eetm- 
«el for t*h« -plRintiff im^ ^©fealant a»<3 Tbrjing *^vise.-s in tJie 
|»reaia#«, ©» matioB ©f attorti^y f©r th« islaintlff f®r l^are 
to m^s.m Ban® HansoB aadltloBal i^arty defsndaat the said Haws 
Hansen b^^lng in court as & witness for t]b.e defen-lsmt aand 
having te»®tirie<3 a« a fritnees f©? the xi«fan'Saut, sm^l t>.»^ court 
having Jta-lsdlctien of saia HsRa Hasson, fai.^? motion i» «iaie«e4 
■fey the eeart. the eo«rt fia^e tJie issues for the plaintiff asd 
agalflut the d^feu^^^nt Hjina Hsmeea aasa aeeeeeee the plaintiff 's 



9.<,A«I -l^B. 



t^n 



i 



^t^w».^9 at $55 and 80«t«. Said unit is diBJ^leseS as to th9 d«- 

f«iit!ajat, Anaeraon Iron ^©ykc. ^udjpasuat on the flri'fing f©r #83 
fi*i<3 cests agaiBSt tfte defendant liry-iB Ha«iSQn,* 

C5©^»sel fof la«8©» «ost«jfid that the ;J\id|)Sffi©Eit agalwet 

MaEis<Mi is Tulfl in that It is ▼loXsitir* of Seetl^n 2 of th« Bill 

6f lSg^t» of the GoiBBtltiitlen ©f Illineis, w^.leh frsTi«l«a that 

•Fe ?3(srson 9h«ll fee «5epplv«<s ef l.lf«, liberty ©r prepsrty without 

We tbluk thstt the ©©isttJCitleR ®f eeijBs®! for Hsms&H i« 
eori'#et. 

It is & tvl1& SIM old as tiJs law that no one «hall 1>« 
f^ex-eonally bo«B4 uiitil h« feaa had Ms day In aeuxt, l>y which is 

m««u»it uiTitll h9 bae %«ea @it@a to apf ear «m4 feae be^s affordM an 
0fp©»twuity t® b« tt!»mrdi ftmt J«<?,gffl«st witfesat satfe elts-tien ssmi 
epportwilty wrsats all tfe« attri^utet af a Jadici«a -.!^t«rffils&ti0O,; 
fhftt g«^ j«iipKeKt it Jttdieial wsurpatioG acd 9pjjrtsfe.loj3, ^4 can 
Bfeir«r b« »i9feeld «heT« ^«stie« is fairly admlnletered. 6 Etillng 
0a«e i««w, ««etif»B 44S, p. 447, 

It i0 «lss,«tary that %^ aath©ri«» & I^Agnseaat against, 
a lper«oii -who tess est sprt«?;ire'3 or $th@3rri»« 8t«teitt^«S hl»is«lf t« tJi« 
|uTl»*lieti©ii ef th« eeurt, tJi«r# mast ^ n&t ©aly ©sTvle* up^a sts«b 
f^yson, Thtiit alffl© ft Isgml rstnra of swefc s«r?le«j tfe4»jt u»til serrlec 
hm» hBun mmA« .«n?? a l«sg«.l r^tuT« entered, tte© e^urt i© wlt'heat Juris- 
^ietioB to #Bter ^u^ianont afnlnst & A#f®©a^jt wise h&« ast sp|f®stx«^, 
M^y^lt'JbgyxaS.^' V. PAftl.ne SalliR^ .c> .. ISS Cm, 498, Sc/0, 3«.ryice 
©f siwsHeRft can \)« ahoim enly "by se officer ♦ a ret?im, I. 0. R, R. C© . 
"t^* ^e y^otsl^. 189 ill., 119, lai; Hf-aalar r, ^rU&it^ S 111* 4pp. 
tH, 231. 

Xr *ho ca(s« aJI/tli^i r®e«»rd do«B sot aJiow toat a sinfsressae va«> 
#T«r iesti^i or retwm««! a» to Earj»on; or tlmt the aoptesrawee of Ji:m6m 
WM «T«r enter«4, eith«r ©irally or la writiiag, Tsry htmaelf or "by a» 






tm-^ 



t»»i^'t'£©ai 



tt-.-i > f«! J ? 



■*'.i«V8 



itttemey. Mqt ?1©s9 tb« re-c^r^^ show that the «tat«m«at of claim »«• 
afflftn-^J^A aftsip tf:.« or4er sf eetirfe making SaastB an additionaX party 
itf«R5!aRtj B©r that a hesring ■??»• feft4 nfter Eanaoa was »fi4« «» a4- 

^® 9rd«r cif «oiirt ma^lmg Han ticket %n a^4ltional party 

fl«if»»dgk&t- Sq@8 @ot fi»«^ that E;ans@>» -ras is^rrM irith si^riHieii* or tlmt 
any Bxiffimons was «v©r returaed as to Haissen, or that the a^pearanea ©f 

Eafi»©ji was antsry^i, either orally »r ia writing. The ©r^er m«r«i^ 
fiada that the eourt fead J-^ciiRdtetioa ©f Haaseo, .Su-sb lln^iBg is 
a©t ®&na3.u«iif«. ?h« TTtle is that if fT«m im iBispaatieia ©f t!fe« te-feela 
jpeeor^ it in ««»ti that th»r« was a© lurisdietiea, tlis finding as te 
4ari»4iett©ii Is overe©i5.», 1 ^41 ln oi t a . . e«R,tr ia3>.. Ji^,3^,|! ^..a^ g,^. r, ^j t 

€S«>^insel f«r the pla:t».t.lff in contes cling iiiat th« oourt 
%9iS ^urimn^tli^fi 0f Hanaoe, nayis: •fte© defesfld^nt waa oxasast in 
eamrt, ss a, ^itrjeas. Ma t^^atteeisy aatisjfl^d tfcis court that ha *«» 
tha T«ai, «TO|>er «ief®«il8iit ir? the ease, Ij« »a.s ma?!*! psiTty ^ssfeadsatt 
911 KfjtloB «?f the plalstirr, he ewb^litail te th® lariadlction of the 
«oart, ©"bjtetail t© the 8t86«»fflaa«iit of €«te«,s«8, an-^ !ift®3nr»r4a smia a 
satioa ta iraeata th« laAgmeRt," I» aap^art ^f lila c©»t«Btieii cdunsal 
for tha plaintiff aitaa Urn eaae ©f Matd'tfeiss v, V&»den>oa; i. 13# 111, 

If tt*® teatlK.ony of Haiison »atlefi©'l the cetart tliat Bart- 
•ea was a ^ropsr party aafendarit, Easeofi ahatsld teaT® feeaa mf*4« party 

defan'aattt in tfe® pr©p«r •^ay isy fflftrvlee of 8«^EAO»e. Tbe raoord dote 
net e.h«w that Matseea 9«fe,®ltt®<?. to tfe® J^ris^ictioa ©f the co«rtj 
Wjr <!®aa tfes rscor^ sfeo^ that Be otej^eteil te the aasesBKeiit ef ^ajB- 
aga«. Bttt eras if fe© liM afejtete^ to tha aa&^am^nt cf r'assirtges, 
it rto«B net aisfiftar from th© raeerd tlsat %« o^jfeetojl as a party t« 
tha iproeee'lirtg. A» far n.9 th^ rf»cord Bt^ms, he i»s8 a streing^r te th# 
praaaa^tRg, »tft-^ t>mt sa t© hU. the prsjeesdir.g waa oora® non jijdif a. 






^.a *i,iVi 



4^A.-;-f: .'iliiir'u .JiK^f?. 



^;«>^ 



ihlk^i^^ f?. 






■ui 



It in tru« titat mfifKy %h® etitry of xh« 4ttSSB'''«fflt Msiiaen 
sa&d® « ^etJei? to Ta-c^te the jui^^tent, Bwt iu view ©f tJse state af 
VMf r«G«y<5, th« jsctlois w>ia mi^^ l»y liaii»eia &» & atranger, jiet sue a, 

©<s.«^S6l f<?r il>'5 iTilaiBtiff, is ja«>t in point, &s Is ^'ridaiit fjfoB th® 

*■*«• cimnet ss« that fh* eeurt l"»ii©«! Itt juria#a«jtioK in tfe© 

eiextt to esr»f©r 4hnt jftiriS'lietlan, '**9 thtek the stjeeewsful 

iH©tt©n ef his at*;«sni«y fnr a MIX af pmrtl^ul^ra of thfs? elaiia 
^gain^t hi® bafete trial "^as 8^ g«!»^r&I mppearane*. Th.& ctsi'snu&nt 
t1ft«r}, *Xth«5>wgf: lint i^l^a^Jng t© th» *l@el duration, tessk |>n,3?t In the 
trial sr* thm qtjQ«tio.n o.i' <t}i«- aes^sss-ssrit '.si* ?i,«ifa..ag«8 lai'! erofts- 
#«ftMn*^4 %%*>!. ^mingisT mu thn jstTlmux^ merits of %h<& ©aa*^, ^',ore» 
9VeP, 'a«> aadi? a ?sfjtrloi:5 to set ?isi3|> fh*! Y^tr'Het stgaliife't uisti or 
t^,<* n*»ffnmpi8tt issta©, Sa«h ©f th«»« thr«i® tht»g« aiBO»rit«ti. te » 
g9*t«3P»i apf «s suf an o« , * 

Altl5©tt4;t-? -sbt |a4tfmei3t in r^lil aa t® Hiasm^ftii «yo^ J»«» w&s B©t 

ft, fsartj to tfe« f.r®««®4lBg, Mai,i9©» in n&t ,ij?ree'iis4«<l .x>©» »r©©®«atijag 

tMa «nr-lt ©i* e^r-or te r»r«pr8« 'fefe« |!a!^,^i«e*»t. f..«@J-.g '«'• hiMiM.* ^^^ 

111.. 2^s, as?* r4&i Mms29^Mgsj. ▼• StejuEttMt. ^s in,, i4b, i5s» 

.|*©r th« r«'ft.t*oB«s Btat#d fefc« ^itfigsfe«»-Kt la iPev^irsed, 



3^mt«fettt , P, .^. , 1!!^.?^ M«d«t,r»ly, J.» ooB«tir, 



IWaittfltll' .♦??*4«&?;»*J| •iCtI' tl.' 






\ 

FlRiEUff\.lfi irroT", 




mmn t© 



AlUlSIf 1. MSLLffil, end 

ttB«l«?T the nsHft® a3# s^le ©f^, 

""'"^"■^'e^^ 241 I.A, 6 

m. iwsties mmmn^ xmwfmmQ fun oftmQM m wb c^.^f • 

this it a»: Reti«« la iiie iaaaielfal S-tmyt of the '34ty 

1^. MilXtr and MsrtlJi Kall4«, doing Imsia^aa tm4^r th« n«m« smd 
stjrla i»f Mlller-Esjilia Pur SJiop, the^ d©f#Mttent», t© r«»o»T©r $400 
paid Ifey th« |>XftiBUf:f to th® deif®R<l8Bt8 f&r & fur ooat -si^ielx 
tSi® plalttt-iff alleges irii® ©Id, -iR^ra ©mt ^.n^ ef pear iBa.tari«l> 
■but ^feislst. -srsB *llf».Il3r and frmi^lewtly r©py«©®Rte4 to th« piiAn- 
tiff ©K lJoi«g rmw tmi. of goi^d material, 

tlm af psigrasoe of tii« d«»f«tjaaj»tB wa® enters d 1^ attoinaeyo 
purfoi-tlng to !>« littoj^eyo fOJf iiJie di?jf«n.daato. A tri^l w&,n had 
bsfore ft .itsry «ya<a & ver^lot vae returned ^«ia»t t^ ti«feRdis«t8, 
«!»4 ifee plaintiff's disiaagCB ^mr^. a®e«-sa«d at #400, lud^^snt w&i 
entered o» tto,© vtrilct. Motione for m s«w trial sad in ®jrr««t of 
judgmtsnt wer« ir^4o on l»eho,lf of the defendants, and tiie ffiotiens 
w®r« d«iiled. 6a 1»ehaXf of tb* a*?f ©udaato »s sppenl iras pray«<l from 
tlM |tt«i®B«ftt, iJttt WAS a«t feiffeetedf '"""""•■ "-"■- 

More iMem tMrty 4mfu af t^r the tntry of th« ju%»ent» • 
«i»»tlen «r&,@ laaite lay t390 d«?f«nd?4it| ^^rtln K»Hig, to v«oat« tho 
|m4giB«nt« the oonrt enttr«4 mn exUfiV grtintlng the siotlon »»a »tay«A 
tHt oxeeutlon &b to K«i.lliii. froK this o^d^r th« plaintiff l&ao 
pro»^«iat«<i this ^fTlt of error. 

7^ oxily ground on K^oh ^3b» pl^Xntitf ^aisks for « rt^TeroflJ. 
of th« order Is th&t x^ p«titlon inmi filed %y K^slXlet as required 



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1^ S'28tl0ii 21 of the lunlclitai Cftart Aot. 

fhm 0II8VO7 t« the aentention of the i^Xalntiff is t^si 

as &4ditloasil t^strnet of Vfimrd fll«d ©n tsefe&lf of Eellio sbo«s 

thst a T?i?itliiaB n^s filed % Kalllu, 'Bm petition la na foiloss,: 

♦*1. TeuT 90t.itli»ner, iei?t»» Xallls, reap«3stfuliy 
reprsusnts »«te t}i« 0»u?ttto&t on te»«lt: jr^nuni-y 9^ l!Jn4» 
hs ^fi3 st-rv^j'd with Kr, wxfoation ^y ttoe "baiiiff of th« 
Ett«icipfel Cmir% of C]hicss^» «*ieh ©xeoutisn was dlreated 
ag«si«0t AlTsert MllXer i>M Hftrtln Ksilli*. 

t. T»mr |V5titl®««»r further repf^eent* tkst tJie 4/5*0 
of the werrisfi ©f tho HfsM ©K»c«tl»n wv'-i tii-^ first Jme^ledge 
that w%0 e©m'ii3aisiORt@4 t© y«5U.r |i# ti tiflBs'^r »f the f^ct that 
isueh @ C6»« was pending in tJm ^niei|»al &«>Mrt ^m^ that ^ 
wft8 iaTal'yf:d in utt^ wesy. 

3, tou:"- j.'* ti tioKp'-r fru'thfr r«p^5*ts ?--r'Bt» ^t^t hr rnr 
n&r^t Mirwtd isitfe «3^ saw^ns op senile* ©f fr©#®»« la tlit 
aljeve eBtilleft f.-wae-; tlu.t L,^^ did rtot. r..u tiia.ri j;« Cjillahnn in 
QaXlmCbMa or itn^ @muir attorBnys to file his i&|spe)^.'ra»oe fe; 
hlrnj tfet-.t Jit li&fl ♦■:»fv®r «tsspl9yt^<i Uif< f:ir!"i of Cipi.ish.an & 
Callnhaar* to trtuasmot ai^ of hlo I«g«l i^erlc &mS. thst tlitt 
I'ijsjjt . .r«mee fliefi ^r tiie i^rlc' firigs of C«iLLlBi).an & C&a].ii!li!K« df 
M&rtln KsJ^Ils wso not mi&ft for or la b«haif of ynnw 
p«-&itieiier ane 'is^i.^ not ms'^Qt.; vriiM. mxy ^tiiori*^ froie your 
petltloiier. 

4* Tour petitioner forthor re^rtsenta th&t he had 
41»a.olf©d fiiti Imsisi^sB y&lrvtiatm witJK .'ilh©rt ■Miller, afsS 
ii^.s not In h-m^r irft^r assoalat^d with the seid /ilh@rt Millor 
ftt the tls*' at tity traanaetloK up'^J'i *si<?h the ca^.f* ef aetlcin 
Is pr«dleated; that he haei any kn0wl@%o of «ny of %hs facto 
or oii-«4»ivi traces liJYolvc4 In tJae siald U'^HMriOtloiu 

5. Your pc'titione? f-urthejr rei>r«6«nt« th:.,t *a;;)On th€> 
theory of Idea eonaao tho plaintiff int@»dis to Itiry vtp&n 
the goods and c3satt«ia of ysmr psstitioner upon *J&e ,taaga^nt 
proeured sg^ilmst M&rtin fuallis in the aljove ©rstitled etmae* 

nherofore your petitioner prmy& that sn ©rcler ho 

oatertid in tfee ahove entitled <5eii«« v^e^^tii^ and aatting 
aside tho finding and ^udpstnt »nt®rt;£ horein jagi^isst th« 
4df@n6l<;iat B&rtln K^illla. 

Mort»n K&lllo, 
:^«tltlonor* 

state of IlUnolfi ) 
C^untj of Cook ) 88 

laorton Kalll®, helnir first dnly wmtn on o^th* ds^eooo 

end aayo th^t h.^ ia tHa i^-atitionef iji ti»-;s abov^-; entitled 
«a»e<»; th«st he has read the &l>OT@ ond for«»golng i^titlon hy 
ala «tt'&aerih«4 and th-t th«- c-^m 1^* t.me in »ui«*t%r).?e ».rsd in 

Norton E&Xlio.* 

the TsturA ises not ^ao* that th« >.*titlo« *vi3 <?-53«orre^ 
to by tao pl&intlff or i^at jsny pl«a «as fll«<3 hy the plelntlff | 






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or ^at tiw plain Uf'/ in :*ny Wisawjer tri?T«*5?»«4 ^« allsgatl^at 
ia tk0 ft^titHa. 

W« are of linif @|»i»li>» Ifeat tkts p^tiiiaTi alie^s^j #i*«t« 
fl«ffiei<»Bt t« bring it wilMn tiaa |>r©Tlsi«>ai! ©f seftien SI of 



Bat^eti, j^« ^v* em4 ICcii^ureJL/, J«, t^&BCUr* 



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!»♦ jrtsfi® ma^sK« M«fii» mt oi*m^« tt tm s^juiif , 



This ig «i *'»|!iK'»l b:/ the ^.^f &i4.&&%» , th.'^ &itj ®f 

fkvm-m F. &«iari®. City Oull^isttr «»r tfee ^ity of 0t4':0agi», fro® «» 
#3ftfr ©f %h& ^ltmd.t ^miw% fr»«,tlBg i^ writ #f m®i».d^iaM«, Air«{?ting 

tos» 'laiif stents 0a£i)ir»sa, ti^i® ar@ ^f ifc.t @pi.Bl»n ''fefc'*t t,h® «f|Mssd 



laiei^ittfe, P. 3^,. «4. l^Sw«l-#, a., -ssaemr. 







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Of CHICAGO. 



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M, JSSfIC® Ee8«Em.T a«LIlllE:]5 tH OflMlOi OJ* fIfiS ISOBSf , 

S«-f (KTidartt , by iaf®i=»ati©a, was @>mrg«d witli ©tetaiiilKg 
i^tisy i>0j!a B. 611vi<i!ri 'hy /aXst« i»ret@csee. Tjimfi trial h@ w&s 
f#«md gwiltj goad ii^stCBc^a to six BstoBthe in tte« K^sae ol" Cerrte- 
tl4Hi «Ma3 fines #100, 

It 1® tirg^^ fex r«?iFftrs&l thiit tla« inforaatien <le«« 
Hiii efefttg« tte^ eeiMsiasioR o f a aris*?, l*h# tjsfearmatlen, toy 1» 
©liTleri» ehargts tlj^at Si»©rge ,4. Iiti4itlsk falsely rTOree©wt»a asdi 

I-'eojile® iJijs X.lg^st & S^k** Ua^ij.^^y, ««?^ R.i'fiisr.t, PBlyirsg on sand 

•tfeSH «Rr? thffir* t!®:ii?.g «SecetT«4 tl^.«rtfcy «i,8 infltjcefl fey mean* sni 
r®a6«jia tfe^Te«i" to pajr ©Ttf »fia «9llv«r* to Eutololt a sum of meaty. 
It As &rg'4S<^ l-fcatt th« ^-dr^ *ifiJ.«e«a'* S5«a»« tRntifflae^d only m^ 
i««» a©i ^aaauot, t© im Mli«gattioR %h%% the coaiaiaiKlrie wiinetR did 
fay Ml> satj^j t«i ^aud^iieA, uhe d®f«ii«larit. to say tl^at a parson W&0 
itti-ae«4 u -4® ** 0«i:rt«il» thiK-g is «feiTal«rit to sa^riug th»t he w&v 
led t© flo tM® ttBiS iasjwurt* tk« aot lt«@ir. ilie «Ilegskti©B tlaat toy 
»eii»« «f tte® false rspree^rstatioria fcfe® effiaat *va8 l»4iioed** to 
>»y eir«t money i®i>orii8 that he a 14, i» f^^3^et» pay the money, 

1>(lf«da«t 5^©nt to trial without ©sOilng % aotiofi t© 
ijuaeh waa tfee iKfomation was 8'4ffl«ieKt» aftrar ▼erdlct, altfeemgh 



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\% Bii ,:::='.• ii haY? "bfi^iJ aii^fi si«.re l-'oiiiaftl or a motion t& fjuash. gftapXf 
T. Wtb#„g. 15S 111. -ft|>u. lOS. 

flit 0#»s»lsil3Biisg witness, OllTieri, tasttfliKi thajt h* 
hA4 « grocery «tor« ualiag gaa frosr. th«» J^eeplaa a»a i-ight & aok« 

intci ibss- fftere aRf* presented ^ 'iiill f«r tb« Gj*e eoj?s|Jgmy, whict; tJ»« 
witness isa^ta, ^i-ving Rnditi&k |?.1S and reatiTisg fro® him a rfite«i|>t 

TT'^'lcli awaaidE fign®a, f^« witsess wm« iJOBltiv* iti his idenfeiiloa- 
tl©n ©f thft a«f»rid8BJ.t. TJit res«ipi «ais iBtr©«!?ie®d la eYiAft»c# sm4l 
smrk^A mn fen ^adiltslt, ;^« &^i'mi'A»mt iRjr*lf?rt that k^t haS #v«r «««« 
mi"yi#r! ^,«f©ri» ti^^ trl^a , ftsii®-^ *.>.%t ?::^ kail lD*^f.a in th« sstore ©r 

t#stirie<? that the "hm^hfriiiMg. ©u tte.« r#«iittt was uet hiB. It in 

e®iB®s^®^. that te@ «?«-« &«t «srpi«»y@d fcy tfe« Sa» e«5#Miy, 

It l-^ e.®siitiMi'S#d th«kt tfe.® t*fe^ls®@i5j ©f the e®«^lgi.ifeiftg 

«lt!fi«B®» Ktaridlag ai©ia«, ss^aliigst that of tijft 4«r«»*l®jst is jaot »ui'» 

jfict«frt &fsi w&rynJBt ooRYl<Jti.<&i», tto© jui-y saw m&d hft&xd the jr^efjec* 

tlir« wltKi«s»e», aE4 tia«ir ^enelatsieis t© fe«ii»-rfls ths atory ef 

011irl»ri rifette«r thim that ©1* d#ren4faat will aot 1b« disturbed, a» 

tfe« i«ry fe.s^d fe#tt©r «f.i>0rtaaltie« t© «jfe0«nr« the witK«9»es wtolle 

ts»tlfylag. 

^fh® f««t tfe&t th*r» iratf fjjiir' ^st ivAtResa t*8til"yiKg to tht 

reudsffit i» B0t, aloR«, Buffieiefife %q Justify » ysvereal. * Psottle. 
^. liSfl. 277 111, sr.i. 

h fjirfh^T r»asci5 feir afflr^ijsg ©e felbt «ivl'3f»8«e If. that 

fh« retnlijit, ^'hiefe =w«« i^ taElslMt i^ t>i« eas® auad !iirit'o^,ltt«4 to tfee 

Jnry, I* B«t in V«» jfeeexi ife«sf@rt -jr. Tbi8r©f(ar«, tfa« d«f«i5.datit is 

ismu ''' mmmsi, S66 111., 103. 

Complaint is ma.S« ®f tlm muAuet «f th» pPo»eeutijag 
«ttorii«y on thss trial, eor^tcialiy to Mr oros8-e:»ntdBE*ti@n of 



:--rr>^?n0fcl tM hi »¥>■: 



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•'Wltai*«seif5 Mitt liin ia-g;)&mn% i^ fh^ j^vr^. Bi>imn «*f th« thlrsfljn said 
l^ejphap® v«ir« ««jej*lit4 fox, -l^uit nethlnu ©3' surfielant l,KJf©jptatj«« 

It It a.«»s9ri»€ tbat t.h®r« i^tr® too Ja^my liistr«0ti©R» 

wiife tli* eriti®i«« &g.«tte«t Xm^thf m^. mm^S'T9)a.B iiai trust i««i» em 
lFS»,6©a&¥le ck-ubt. Xs tfes* iuet«j3t eitse If. irgitiia 9^.m&. tltmt such In- 

)a©t obJ«ct»a to. C©ut3»«fl. for i«f%a.1iiai!; di4 mifJke an is'bjfe'Qtlan to 
the *?ieyrt*3 fsilltir^t fc«> riT# i5*?riaiii inwtrattlsss, "^mtt thi* i?as 
af-feer tfe«3 jmry ha4 r«t.ir«^, -'#a »r*% net tela »f tlm iSArtietiliW' 

lift e«iffielt«t i?«*ai«ri is uret^it^sd far n. r«Tftre«l, 



\$ - 7^354 



§m nciAciimx^, 



▼ !S< 








^msx. mm ciHCtjif corn's 
./") Of ^©OK Gomii, 



241IX 60 



IK, ^pstiei Mest!a.s.T bk-livekeb tms ofhisi of nm eomfr, 

allegi»e tfeat A«f««2d<iBt i»roa^«fuli;y toak and aenTST-tesi a sssoter 
tmio-k teslengiat t© fei®, Def««>3aKt plaa^ed t>mt it t©9k fhe truck 
f&f ▼Irtye of th« proTisioBS ©f a ^chatteX mertg'&ge. OpoJti trial 
lEjlalatiff h»a a v»rdict en ifhiefe jtilgaaest ira» ©ntared fer #1544,40. 

Xia ItSlMonachello ■»»« is. th* trtjcfelnf fe«i8lK»««. ^e« 
f#ri,aiint ^^«alt ie ^i^mmciv&i&l ^ap«y, sp^oiallalRg largely In what 
waa oalls-^ aMtosi®¥'ll« or track p?Aijer, W!j.«re lh« feal^se* o^ tte« 
pure^ra8« pri^a ©f ara a!.ut«r.«bil« «r trwek was seear«d "fey el?att«l 
JSQrtgati^, th« i«al«y8 hel-iinff iv*e notes arotsli ««H tfe^m i© ae- 
f«K-1ant at a fliseottBt, Hefeert A, Du»a was th# is^^nt «i4 r«spy«- 
««ntAtive ia Ohicsg© ©f ih« Xitae Traok Compflasy ©f llllwa«l£««, sjad 
fea4 ao»« eoHsldispable busiaess «ith flel*®sdMt» selling it ntjeh 
oliatt^l atertgoge notes. 

Ib A?jrtl, 1921, M.9aaoheAl©, iJtma an-J i%riother party, 
a»4©lfls, Vodicka, hnems.e lBter«st«d aa subcontract© r« In m oou- 
tra«t with Ptqu^^t &. BlaelE for l3ia?,aing concrete to be as«4 to the 
eoBstr^ietifts of a roa4way in Gool: iJeuRty, on Agpril 14th fe©a*eli©llo 
gav« 13«Bn, as »««ist r©r tfe« fitan fruek Qomp-mf, an 6r«i«r f©r a 
truQJe, paying ISCt) d©tm and llfiOO t« fee said en ««ltv»ry ef th« 
truolE, ai^^ fMs hul^nee la tw«iire Bissthly iii^tOis^nta ®vld«ne«d by 
net^a 8ect»r«« fey chattel M»rtg«i5«, 



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IJuafl had BBue c-oEvsmatlofi ^ith. laltex '&, Mell«r, 
py««14«Ht ©f %h% def«8Edaiit comp?sR>-, «itli ref«r«»oe to %hi» sa.1© 
«Hn4 tk® proF«>««<i @teatt«l mertgag®* a**'* «» ^®y S, 19 SI, del'en4&iat 
wrutft Sawn to the «ffeet that it« laTeetlgsttlsn of MonaskalXft with 
ref «»reiiee ^ to giviag hi* ftr#4it promptedi it t® rafus® t© btay M» 
Bdt«« ««3d the eJiattftl mortgage **«nl#«8 ehaags* typ® made &» stlpu* 
lsit«4.* May 17, 19fl, Qvaxm «s;.«outed tl^e Botfts f@T tli« 'b^lario* 
^-B® on th* tir^eJfe arid a efeattel ©©rtgage, whieh i?er« dftllTered to 
th« a«8fe»4ttat, CMS th«? ssiBi^ 4.^ Buna, Ssensehftllo ^ad. ¥odieka 
es:»ci«te4 an aftslKtRssusist te W%lt«iy E. R#lK«r ©f mil ia©B««y that mlgfet 
hnenmm 4w« isuflar tfe© From^isr #'. Bl^a^k ^oBtraet, this %sBlgs2ia«as.t 
pyovitle^f that, siftai!' ftlldwiug |1S % «9g^ f«r th« »|>«ratijft-g «3ii^«R«e« 
©f tfee tniolk, fiftj ?>cr e««t ^f this ia#B*y a^ ^ai^. Ijy Wr^n^^r &:■ 
Blaok, jsbouli^ "fee ©r<?i5tt«# &« th« 1>?irm «ot©s «r4 th^ y#r»-'%lBlag 
fifty per G«nt ©a the fodislta not«». thm ?<94ieltm traBaaeti©K is 
fi«t i»T«lT<id in this ©©ntrev^rey, 

fhia as0i|;jaia.snt was dr«w» lay the attQrTi#ya f©r tis* 
€©f eiidajrit , f»H4 ie it Bwm, MoBaeh«lle and ^odielcft art a««eril3e4 
a0 "copartner* delsg buainess as Hi||J^:»f&y S«^rylc« Compafiy, • fh«»y 
w«r« mot, lj5 faet, g«Ms»y8l i^ajptnersj it weuld fe« more B-cc^srat® t© 
••y that ftftoh liM «««♦ i»t«re»t in the Fx©sg«T & Bls-ek e©»tra«t, 
%Tit etich interests wer^ several aii«l i^t |oint. 

@B %h« »!aia<» aay, May l7tM, S&»n?^ete«ll« gis'?© 'DtiiMs »3le 
eli««k f©r lliK)0, y«0«lTtnf li r«oelpt therefor mn§ aleo ©n er^er 
f3Po« ihjnE o» th« Titan track Cempsyiy lu Mllwmt,.kt«, Wifflaeusis, f©r 
tht trtiek. K.oKwijfe.elie 'spjijit to Hllwm?^**©, th« trtjels wr« i^ellrsrerd 
t© him, fet fereugfet it Tsaek ta Oisi^&g©, **n-<! it wsa seed Vy M» os 
th« Pr©ng«r ^ llaek odatraot in laying e<iwj«Tet«? Tjay^fflent. H« was 
in 90e««ie»ioB ®f tfe# tntek from t>se time it wa» isliYtre'l lo hlia 
ttoliag it oa thio J«l8 «Bttl %hn work wao eussptndoA ou s*ec©tast ©f 
«ol« wofttfeoy in Mem^h^v, Ifgl, vb*n fee etoredi it ia the garago B«*t 



i-rlr'(:l'f . 



.",.1 b^tMvi&mBt »m 



ee-^j- ■■'■•^•tirtBilf 









te hi« hm®. t^« TB«>iifty cieming to M#»mebene from Frorjftr *• 

took tbft tr^ek for u%« @n n, read JelB la "SitPai^t Soanty. In ^ay, 

lS2t, tbere was |8@5.50 ttue ©n the el5at.t®l «t©rt.^age oetea h<»ld 

At tfcAs lii&e aud while &©jasftob»ll© was in posaessioa 
©f tfefs tr«ck on tb« wt&rk lis BwFsgs fi«i^it»tf , Histm^Amit t©ek from 
Ihiss a ©battel »»rtgag« d*1iei May PS, 1922, p^rp^riiag to eon- 

$08S.3O da© en the fiyit @h»ttel aertgags was included in tbl» 
n«ir loim, «&J tho ^Id note ws.8 eia^eellsd stn^l surreBdered. koisa- 
ebellft knew aething df this sew a©rt£«itg«, SuT^gegtsmitly Ihjpan 
il«%1>p«sir«ia «m# &i»-,paT«Btly ssne of th« =pa3rtle» h«t» "feeas able 
t9 flB^ Ydm, In eetc'ber, 19 3t. whil* t>^.e tr«ek i?m is tht 
1»©ss»©sl0n ©f M®jis©fe»ll» aRA i« B^mge SeuRt^', a^faasdaKt soisftdi 
It im^mr this l%»t asrtfBgf a(«»4 atisT*^ It, 

S©B»efe«lI© tMen called »* tint offloe ^f def«K^a«t 
m4 iaferae^ t%it.©r Hell«i? tkat tte« traek fe«l©ag«4 t© bim. Ilsllty 
testirift^ tteat tee r«pli«d tiiat fee 'bslieirfid it w&8 Bunr*'* tryek @nd 
hi»4 talc«n it un«ler thi« n«w a©rtg»g« sad n©t«, sa*! fee iaquire^i hew 
11 feap^ened tfoat %%« first aaertga^ft aad ii«t««a wer« e%e<s\it«d fey 
SwBw ii" the track ^«l«ag#a to kone,oihell<i, s»nd that MoBa©h@lle 
st»tt<? ti^st be and DwiiB ha4 agr«ed that ieoiaaeb® lie's er»dit wa« 
Bdt aafriei^Bt, tlJiit SsaaaH er«^it iiad 1i««a eetalallshtd with d«- 
feadaat.s© t« fiaj^ne* ttoe matter aad g»t tb« 4©f«mdant t© bay th« 

S0t«i it WHt8 afre^^ ttjat Baan ebeiild «i^ the aorteage «n<3 Betes 
siB^S M«t iaforBi ttm <!ef«n4siit tfeat it was &^©J3a,ch@llo 's truek. 

Seller i»siste4 timt h@ would a«t r&ls&se th® trtiek tmtll the 

fealauew ^ue an th« las* sartgngs not© was i»aid. fhia ja««tiBg Ixi 
©«t©fe«»r, 19as, wRs t>i« first Mmn that Moaiuthelio ha4 ewer iB«t th« 






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tji k».ivif»Aifi «•'**■ 



|,tf «ftd,«sBt *8 0ffi eeriB. 

Ftaixitiff, MoiiiaohalXe-, teatlfte^J t>.at ha AH net ta»ir 
the 9artio\!tl«Pa a©B«s«3r«iiBg the ortifiBal n^t^n anr! m©:ftga.g«i that 
lis MsESfllf 'ii« not sign aay a©1i«», t!iat >!«» tnynli"**! pf IStwaa why 
t&ts trwiis&etiofe ^Itfc tine deft^ft-lant cs«ld aot iBe rnideir fels ©-wn 

«j:sm«, ii»(3 '«?.ae iol^l ^y BitEua tkat be, l^saoh«lI(», 41 d net haire 

«aott,gfa eif«dlt, RC- t.b«t <!si'eft-iaiit 'sould not c«rr^'tfeiB Ret«8 m^&mr 
his SS.K3.®, 

Af1s??r th«( tyttek %-asi t«,&.«s V^ aefen-itti-it, l^re. eriWidaie 

trtm 4®f^n4aiit a 1.43.1 el* eoie coRvtyiEg t« li.«r froE defendant the 
trulls in Qu*j«tt^(i for a e©«55l4e-r«,tit*|s ©f fl,$44.4©, Flaiutiff 
tt«tlfi«;<l tfe»t ]h® was B«t |>r«®«nt wK€«i IM© tw-le plft«e, 1>Mt l^elitr 
«m,tig tt>at fe» w»i!, 4ft«r*'%rrl« Ii-0iaaefe-©ll® %mk Wit, trttels rres th« 
,pl.^ii«t '^mT«i ft^fftR'lmrtt Itw? stor«'? it* 

It l« «(%n^»8tl7 «ypi#!;-f that & frat^fS was p'srpetr'fttwd 
0B th« *9f«ti<Saiit iby l©fta.0h«ll« im. p<»mii%%inti sm*! l««i«lliig e|«fen'i:aaa.t 
t® 'b»ll«nre thflii ISure wrjs tfe« oi?s«r ©f ike trtiek. It ia net tjl!»4i4i!?4 
tliat Utm&ehelXtk n&dm m^j tmpr^nmntm%i&n to tkit efir«(«t, >»«t that 
hit 9ilsiia« far -iisriy a,eat>ifl, during isfMcjh U»«y Jse feaew tlmt Bttna Jsu4 
•IgBtd th® T»dt«ii i!tt24 §l!i»ttel stii't '.;ng« liel4 by -JlefeiiiSaj.t, 1©4 d«f»nd- 
fflat to fc«li0T« tJi&t tmm owned tlx« tyuc^, fh«sr« l» f«3rifi«ttetr« «Ti- 
d^yjce tbst aei*aa4.fsat Jm«sir t!^»t Busn Sid not <^wb the tru<?k &ia4 that 

i»®i»ia kuew tfeoat TSwm Ai4 »»t ^uralaase these trtielCB i'&r hteself but 
»s a^eat for the titar^ifrwck eomi^aiay wsas s#liiH^ tli««fi t© aiffsTent 
f»T'ch»»«i»», Th# fa«t that 'feef«5re tbe m«iPt4?ag« "»&« tiagt th© {^r«dlit 

t^»t i«f«n4a«t e-ttfic^sstiSf^ a islaap* ftiT kaeillag the afttt«i? sm^ -tlieii 
Bntm Bia«i« t3^« &$t«R en4 aortKage aa^ th« |?»y»fflEtt« to feon&ohallft 



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«l€*arly to th^ 0aB0lt»si@ia %h»>% <lftf«ftdattt ««»t ©nljf Im^sw that Bttim 
Wflfe* ij©t the r^tJL 9-m<»r tf tht tnaeJt, 'hnt al«® 3«yl?f««!l tbi© wl;^ 
«-f iSfflryfiffif; @a tJ?« trsusfmetler!. At l««»t there i» suff i«(ie«t la 
iM j«®sM ta jiistify tlie Jtary in so 'bellsviag. 

l?nfI«T thn eeBt»et«nt «irlJi«Hee tbf!y« setal^ hair© b««n 

#i«tt*l surt^ai?® sf lay t6» 1§2?, »©« aelmt5's-ie«!g«4 Ijy Boisert A. 
^ttm$ 1*^ A. S. ri#ihssne«fs, >-3lsf &ttfcSTs??i-'' in f^.st, 'b«ffn'« J&m©« a., 

it%n mn «&fl«yf.« r<f A#f«!Kd,?tRt ia its ®ffie«, wteleh ii! slcnlfleaat 
«k« t# th* i?eX-»ti»»» l5®tw««ri SwJii smd the dtr«iida«st. 

e*igo, sfiS the i*"uiei£ ieserf&ed 1b th© c=fe£i.t%€i. »iertgr.g« i»ms 1e thft 

e<^iHi*t e^S" Sfci.e«ti'&. %ob ssaot-lciii th« trial sjomrt struck this i^irt&-«g« 
fT&& tb® «vl4«»@« {io. iK-vsaie. fhi» r«XiBg was pfo^^r, fh« st».$u-t« 

©a mortt?Ag®8 prairi<l«« fcfeat, tf t>i« ?s03rtg»g©r is » r08i«?«srst ssf th« 
»tat# ist fh« ti»« fjf msklag lfe# !»,ete«iw|,»4;t»««tt it aJtsall "be ae- 
Ms'^ltdgftt tjffifoir® % Suntim sf th€ n«ae« &f ttt town ©r i&reolMot 
«h.«»# tlfee 8io?t,f*ifiy r»si^ts, ©i* If thtr^ Is no J!jist,i©« ®r th« ^©«fc«« 
«f t^® lo'?^ OT f.r'^slns^t «f tl^'SKT* i« no stjeh Juffltie© of tiie p«ae«, 
«.*t^ imstyusjjsnt el?- all 1»» «i,«?lts©wl«!(|««dl fe^fore tk® ©lark or deputy 

I'issisifgii, ef If tfe®r« 19« »© attefe ol«riE or deputy clerk, before the 

ft©«»ty imdgt In the oauBty i« wMefe th« laertgaa.©? re«id#a,'* Sectlea 
2, Moj-tfcag^s. Sy e«ctioii X it is provided that, wrilfise ttee saort- 

«M* i* »« aQlm®wXe<lg©a, it sJhsll set I?® vali<i agolust the rifetit* 



, la^ijivw*".- '^ ■ > V..1W. 



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AM plaintiff, ikmmhBll&, wa« In ^^ctual p^m^^i^Un 

«*a m it ^as not trc^f^rly a«dai9^1e'3g«d a» r#qtilr«d fey tto« 
statute, it «a« Toid as to Mm. iaSIl-ti«aSLJ^- ^- I^^SJ:^* ^^^ 
iXi, A|>|>, 5St. 

With this ©teatt«l aertgagft ^ItMraw fro^i the eon- 
«it«r^tl.« «f tK« ^m, th^T^ wa. «otbiBg ebo-m to justify tht 

f]h« d,«»JM««. 11544.40, assessed l»y th# jury are 
ehallftnsed m tfe« grotin^l th.»fe th»r» l8 k« eftffl|»«t«Bt evl«im©« to 
sttstain t!^« finding. ^h« tmek was- tocwght 1» IfSX fnr I4&50. 
In ©«t©feeir, 1923, it •eaa eori¥ey«4 fey asf«i3d.Mit to Mrs. I»axir«lia^ 
f©r I1S44.4C.'. Wtell* otimy aad ^©tt«r «Ti^«Ee« might Mar© ¥««« 
iatyod^ieed, 8fe®\?iRg a©r« dtf Irdtrty the valu* of the trunk at 
the tiaie ©i' th@ ees-ver»i»i5, yat eefistderiis^ ttoe piirofc&se price la 
X9S1, its nn& f^r l«s» thwj t^o y«imrs, iwi4 the ecBsi-'SeratloE in 

th« till #f gJ4l», ther* vae som« ©Yifitnee on which t© fix the 
"»ala«. 1% is a fair taf^rerjice t>f^t it waa wortli «t l«a»t 
I1M4.40, smd «« will H©t ':Si!»tui''b the versSlet tee«a«8e i^l" tfet 
«te»««©« ©f m«r« testimony as t& its ir&itt®, 

e^usi8«sl fer 4«f«Bf1airi(t fres«it ^ »»jiBb«»r «f points 
is airg«es*«nt ^Meh w« <1« B®t fli«©tit«« r©r thm r«»&B©n tbat i» ©nr 
^plisien they enmnnt ehsngs te* i®«irlt<a^l« flfi^iieg of tije jury. 
If ilt,« rectsT-i jtiatlfi**^ tte« ©©lieltiaiou t'fo»t 4^rmAmt Imair »ll 
%h% tiffi© tfeat lonaeljftllo an^ riot Bana owtted. tfee trwek, md th,e 
withdrawal rr©m the tvidaRee ©f tia« ehatttl siortggige of liay 26, 
XSSS, was pitQ-per, Q&nnid«tmUmm ®f aijy eafeotipel or alleged 
9&t%lm,mt ©f the coBtroTeray gjr« net material. Blither le 
tfeers basis tn th* tm^r4 Ur tb« awerUoB tfent. as tb«r« l« 
B« STiiaacs «f rp.cial da..^., tfe« lasst that couXa b^ rseo^tred 
t« a«miB«l ^a.«g«, ^n tfe« ^.««a th^t tfe« tr«ek was rsstorsd to 



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th« plaintiff , Befemlant ai'S. ra^t restort tfe« truck te islairitifjr 
but mlr^ It t.*? lire. Farffiftlln., «ia.5 tb* reedr^ 1h slX®nt as ta stay 
arr^nf^mect er iftfTii«si«»t 1frr'ti?een t;>»« l«tt€»r s^-! plaintiff as t© 

Fsirrslla still oWiS tt. 

fhs lri?trrjetl$a i^-^^n %t the 3r#/<|»i«!-9t ©f plalKtiff 

Is orttlaised «• ftsrelstdiag fr&st «??nsiif®rati!jK ©f the jtury ty^ry 
n*tt«r 0f JuetifieatioB and ief«n»«, f|j« iiassir'aQtisii, 1h aab* 
it9«iQ«, w-a« tfeati tSie lesttfin elieiil^ \>m fsaud f©r the pLi^iistlff 
and (^ainRt the def^ftd^st if tli« Jury fs«ad that at tlj.« tlise 
©r tirj« takijag ©f ttee truek it feslong**^ to fiaiistiff. the l»str\i«- 
tioa ©BsltB th® tteeery which def«£Jd.a«t mowJnx t© establlafe |>y «vl- 
d«»ee, Vat plaintiff is o'bliged ©Rly to pr^seaat t3a« law eorr«atly 
is hi« Inatmetle-R© ufOB <teli tliffiory ®f tfe® csee, sjnd it iss net 
necessary in an in®tyr-ie.tton t© s«ga.tive matters of 4«fense. Mo^|, 
g.^Ay.«.CegiI .00,,^ V. SslSlM^lSIl* ^'^^ 211., SSa; Sgartii _Fr rMitac©. . E^- 
i^iaSf ^. EUsaSLl'^SA. ^^3 111. 4t)P. 126, Iven if the iBstme- 
tiwn was si»#j5 t« tfee erltlcls* ©lade, w« sheal'5 not rer^rs*?, as a 
ftts-ling fer th« slalntiff was tb« ©uly one frop4»rly rettirriabl® 

3S© eo-fiTlneluig rieasar. ia isjressnta^^ for a rsv^rsal, s«a 
tfe© $VL'Am^it is th«r«fsre offlriast. 



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ifeB, K^Tica m«stsiELT "iMLiifiitiB fn ©fiiioM ©F im ^iBf . 

lic<me«r to ths relator^ A«tc« l3i»r«j£is, to e^u-tuet a retail 

l^later ^««« Hist jjepif«ar in thit sp^rt te i«ft«<! tJse IsmiaKet «!* 

It is Wigsll «?«ta^llBt*#«$ fey ®jagjy *l«ei3lissa that a ^s-rit 
tf «iaiEid.strsa« »!h©-«jl<! ast isaf^f H)Ql«es th©- ijarty ii«#klBg it shews a 
el«six riR-ht th«T«t4j tanA & ««yy«spsni4i».g XsgatX «Mty ©© th© part of tK# 

thim s©rt la wrlthia- tfe« dlseristl^K of tte® Jstaycr ©f ih« City ©f 
C^ie^CTt Jya<i th« writ ef saanteB^iis -will B©t Isssi*® tasl^tss tV?«;re i® 
A ®l»a3r afeus# ®$* »ueh iieor«ti©a« £j|.tESl "^^ I^M» ^5^ -ill., 3&4. 

By 4®l'«wsdatj&s' mimi&t it waa 4®ni©4 that relator fever 
tt'^TPliftd i« tlie Misgwr i"®r a lie^rsa© aai thmt Ms applisattoB tfeere- 
ffir "»a« r«f««»<j, tfe.« purp®rt«?3l stppiieaiterA i» n&t t3«r«59«rve^ i« 
tlii« r«'«»ri fe#f©r« ua rsa^ tte^sre Is Hetl;iBg to »h©w that it, wa« io 
e*5iqf>liaBc« witJ?. th« r«-^mire«»tB ©f tJ3^ orf^lsMS©*. SNteh w «p» 
1^ll««tt®B, tJ* ««*4#, uhftylfi >'SiT« tissejs offered tm mtiilatt^m or 



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5te»*rv<p<l in th« 'bm. of «x«€]!>tlaa«. As taia ^a» not dau», Ifc ia 
net "btffiitrt «0, 

i-y 4«©w®» a«fMj4sft»t)B also a««i"irted tii&t rielater ^liiS 
»©t In fact IntsKit t© ®|»«rat® eaid plae« of ibuslR«'«» MK.8«-lf, t)«t 
was stt«2s'9tiB.c t© aecsnr* « llcpisse ir; h,!® nfipj» f'cu-' &?•;« u0p ©f the 
fo«i^«r ftw«i«iy, «h®«a ilodRS® bad ^#*r rsvelfta., tb«»jF«l?y t« defeat 
tln« T?»lid[ esElstiag ®:rdlsi<(^e«« ^i' tteip City ©f Cfeiesgo. these 
all«gatlsne wwr© B©t (!.«nle^ fey p«TJlls»4l»a, ajH.4 tfe^y *r« th®ref®r« 

It &0p«-jrB in 0Yl4«»iae« that fm in^^niXf hf mm ts'^^sti- 
gaiiKg pallet 0lTi0«3r »i8 t«j ^h^thmT r&lii-t&r had a 'fcill of s^le <}r & 
l«a»e, ©r ariytMag t© 8,*50tr t>m-i hm **».«* ® .^.^i; Xlil£ cwri*-r of tUc 
feu«ia««8 at th« 9l-*i«« iB ^u^rfcioK, rtlftter reeli'^d. thai h« feai isot. 
f1ieir« -was ,'^Is® «v.l4«fice tsB^iafe to she't^ that tJse >?u8i««»® eQ»tt«a«d 
in el5%rg# ef tha forsser <?«tk«3* imi. feie »#>» «i?.4 n&t U>e ralater. 



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\ 
tm P.10FI.S Of fHS WATS 
0? ILLINOIS » \ 

B#ff(^dant la ISrrer, 
\ 
vs. ', 

-nalRt iff 1» Sl-i^r. 




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1 I.Ao 601 

MR, 3imTtm umvmmjf -miimm-si iii ofikios of tee comf . 

iKferK&tion was filed oharging tbat duftn^ajst, on er 
about May 2T, 1935, rioi&tM the ©tstat© sakisg it s ffllsdeBi®ari©r 
'luriiag t,te« lifft of a chattel ja©rtgage for any Kortgager t© sell, 
transfer, eoaeeal, take, drive ©r carry a^sy, or in any misnuer 
ai8ipo0e ef th« a»rigaged property, or say part tis«reof , or o®u»e 
the sass® to Ibe «!«me, vltj-isei tih« «ntt«E Q&neent of the tooldftx 
©f th« Inetiiatrarice. Seetien S, ©hap, 95, iiHriola Statutes 
(Cn^ill.) On trial "by thf> court (l«f«»n;1«nt was fQunil guilty sad 
fined |SfJ€, 

4 ntffii'ber ©f iJ^lKte ar© fresent^dl ae grotan<!t far re- 
versal, hut one Is avsffleient, nmi<^ly^ that the f.^^ets ptr-vea fail 
to establisti tihRt th« (!tf«?r.4a«t *as giillty of the erijse cbai>g0d. 

By ehftttel mertg&g« -Jate^ July 17, 19 S4, iSefendan.t 
eoBVfty^d to Joseph Glaeer twenty-five pool tables, three billiard 
talslee imA ether parapheriaaliR and eqalpiaerit of a po©lreoa. One 
a«y (date uacertftin) ai&eer ealleil at the poolreom and fowBd eome 
»eia wttfe & truek preparing te move the tafeleo away. A pollee offi. 
•er was called and the aovin^, ©r the tatilee 9topp#d, aoEe lumhsr 
aad heaver Isoara, gymnasitiK equifraent smd a luneh aousiter -were 
«©ved, hut theee thing* are net eovere^ by th« chattel mortgage. 
B9 one teetified that the property covered hy the ®ort,?akg« yfM 
reseved froa the preeiiees, tm^ the aefendlant m^ the tryokmen eaiy 



imio'. 



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»*'?'3fl^;^» ««?'|.«a«!ifS«»t:i 



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that n&nt of th» mertgagad property was rai'soTftd, ?b« 'defendant 
teetifieS that- all of tite laertgaged, property wa,» utill on th« 
preffiieee, atid Glaser'a t^stiasoMy was not dsflcltely to the con- 
trary. th& trial Sn&ge, eTldentiy wisV'dng t© ]%9e«rtain th.« fsiota 

ffi.r htm»«lf, sest fe.i» bailiff to the preffiit5e« t® ©xa^ils® th« proi»- 
«rty. fh« Isailiff 4,13 so so^ r«|»ort@d, as appear® froa fh© stat®- 
iB«nt of th« JwiSge 1» the r«cerd, that *s.ll «sf the atuff is tfe#r«.** 
I?p©n thlB shewing ^ef^ndsnt shftwld ha,^« b«eB rouBd not gallty. 

Th« eeurt, hoireTsr, i>rae««ii«(ft to In^i-alr* inte the 
eenSltieis ©f tbt paol awl 'biHlsird tabl«?9, af3-i from th» Btatejsftnt 
®f bie iJsUifl' tmi aoma t«8tla©«y evidently was ©f tlis nplKion that 
dftftislamt had taktu ®om® of tfee tafe-lts a^art :Mi<3 fern's •put thes to- 
gst>s«r again, isfut so n^gllg^Etly that tlJ€y were set lis a« g<?©?l ©©n- 
^lltioR aa th«y wer« origlnalSy* One Tritntaa, «it:pfrlftr?©«dl In opera** 
teg hlllisXiJ rsfiJms, testified thf.t he ea:)feslne'1 th* tahlee In «ju«»8- 
tlcB sna feand that several oj' theia w«re «et In He© and th« eovere 
nut pxo-pmrlf pl%eed, .and gaT« his ©plBies its t© th« roet of putti»g 
thex. in .^&&4. mnAiti^m, It la tiuit® eTident that the trial, ceurt 
iaipoaea the fine en defe^itlatnt net htemi«« h« wae guilty ©i' the 
erlSKs t5farg«4, h'Bt &m eeispensatlsn to tfe« progeeuting witne«f , 
Glsser, i*©r what it was thought It ^oyl;! coet to put the tfthlss ia 
go9<i coisAitieiQ, Of aoure«, a Judiiis^Kt t© cgfat<eaa&at€ Slstse* for 
i8isia«e« e<5Jul<J net he mt<&-T9^ iu this aeti©», which ie a ^riKilcal 
pr©seeutl©n, 

I^or the re»8^en als-ev® lB<JisRte4 the judgmfent is r«- 
▼®r S154 , 



M*teh«rtt, -Pt ^.t ©n<l iFohneton, J',, eoneur. 









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MS. initios MftSTjisuY i5iLivift»«33 ^liifB ©^ni^g GF tm mmt, 

this is ari iiBti®3a far fals* i£S|>,rlsonmM3t, in «rhi«fe 

B«tii plsictiff im^ SMtf^tt^mtt ar® at>toy«*?3?» at i-<t.tr. 
f^« er.s« ^^« triM e©»«,«rha% l)sf«m«aiy, ssnvi iJ5« otmrt m^y have 
«yrae^uay r«l*i^ «,© t© tfe* .%4«U«i^Uity of certain «vi'j«ic«, 
*mt eoBsia«rlag -ai ef t},^ svidea^*, ia«i'adi»g tfeat ©ffered to 
whick o^^aetioE Has £.*4o, ,f-i»tEtil*f ^as nat ^^iiitltd to fc&ve the 
oase go t0 th« Sury; so sueli «rroi^ sjya ueistperfeaat. 

^laiHtirr -*ra« 4efe/5daat la mt aeli©© ISfim^t in 

tJi« CiTc^lt osttrt of a»6k- fisuatif 1»y M» *if«, Irma Say ^imnUr , 

in a pr©6®®dia^ !'©»• mp&mte m^ntmsoim, in «hi®h th.?, firm ©r 

M«mato«a 4 CJ5^a««y r®|ir©«@Ht^4 the eosipiai^^ait. 
^'au fii»<| 
A p«tlti©ji/r»r a writ 9f sf ^ejigii^ a«iiia»t Mr. yaa- 

Blw. whieh iraii itsti^*!. dir©©tifig Ui« sh^'i^f t© •tgBB.^ hia to 

m>m*w mxd wswtT th« %lii, 6n4 to eommit fei« to the county ;r%U 

«» f&iluTi to iiT« ^ced. A deputy sh^^riff took Van«i«»r in etis- 

hour. ^, th^ m«.... wo« gt.tag ^,m. ^or^4«n. ^|^.^,« ^,, 
prosfmt vl»«, v^ni^j. ^j,, arrested. 



<^ A 



'ihf». decla»'»tl©a de^B est aT«r that dei*@»>^:«mt s-etatl 
vtte m-all«i«, Inoit without sM^ rsiaso.na'bl'S!' or prolsabl«f ««ws«, thin 
te ft©t nn ^ati^ii f«r js»ltoi«>aii ■^jros^^wtioB, f^r in sueh e«»«8 it 
is n#c<»s««.ry t6 sir#T ma.Xlee, Lf.| ^ \3y ^ ^, H«2jk5^, 3 111,, 97S; 
^J&S^SM ■*• HfSlg^,* ®^' ^'^l* A^P» tSS; Ss^.^;t®^n t. gljy r>f IS'«Jt.ri;g,|r^.y 
«►? III. Jsm, B^t; W&t|srj| ir, Df ^ I,a, .M» t |.fT . 10^ 111, .A|?^. , 334$ 
T.gvingen T, th£SM» ^'^'^ III, Afp, 6S, 

It Is *a5disp«t«4 that th» 'Circuit eetiyt in «s.ntbori»«# 
t© tsatit thm writ ©f at saLtft^* ^Js^ragfai'li 3, ehms«t«ti' ®7, IlSlssolB 
Statutes. Wh^a the oourt baa Jxjxlsdletiofi of «i su^jeet ®att«JP, 
it hms the *po^#r te tiSeeidt all is&tt^jfs iei'^lvei, saad saefe Jtiylw 
Aistiea il©e-ie aet «lep'«©4 up&n % rig;ht.ftil €«!ei®i©a aes to »«eh saat- 
tftr» ©r «irror« In ths «:3s;er«is« ©f mtefe. |iow«ap, Oj.g^T'l,,.^^ t, t 'jftj 
l^fili^* Sli 111,, S54. Applying tJ^#*«* e©n!*ii^«rmti«4ri$, it l*«l» 
l0w» that the Sir^yit ©«art «f Q&&k mitrnty, haTisjg jtirisAietien 
of ife* separate K*lKt€5»a*ie« pr«e#^dia.g, h«d th« ?>©w«x to issn-e 
t>j« writ of S£ JS£g.'^, a-n4 it is l3sm*ttsfrlai r^«p«etlng ^ttrisdle* 
tl6» «?>2«thtr tli«it g0^«r i»a© rlgfetf'tilly oy ^Tongi'tilly ueed €»y th« 
f^eeftig^dlnge in uroi^^^y for®, 

^Whmtimr'^T sm inSviTy t<? a. i^^mon i® «}©c8«tg.lQB«?i3 fey l*;gsil 
T»ree«gs ef a sourt of e©^BJ»«!>t®iJt jurisdistieB, tr^saaat f®r <!iryt«t 
«e4 f»lsift impri®0»m»Kt i-tll met Xi® aga.i«i«i th% «tttoKB«ya in thn 
e«4««. ^jtEtM ▼• Sllallsa* ^ ^11., lit, X^rS ©wjraeist ^i?^.*'? legia 
©rectPB ef * cowrt, hsvtsg J^ri»riietld» ©f tht mab.isct matt«!r, 
osnnet h^ M-nAm tk® 'basis of an aetion f©r f ,al sie imp^isoRjaest 
a^aiRst the attonaey*. Froe#es «3Bfl«r etn^ fttr©uiK«titKo«» ©©»- 
8tittite« fviXl ,1n»tifi&^%iim aet only ©f th« offie«r i?h© s«rre» 
it a»a tfeft B5isf,l#tr8.t« w%.o ivmj-m it, but of the atterfieye r®©re- 
ffleating IKe i^itrty at ^hes« tiiists««e it i« Issued, isJL^ '^* 
tofti«, t40 111. , 105, 






j^'.? ..r-u*. .ffi 



t : 






U- 



'^attv^r JwstififtatittB tJialntiff may hiiv« for 

eritieiiBB of th« pr«ceedingB \w^n t,]h-»? trl-^l, taa'.inis iBto osn- 

]s« «•%« net fwtltlt^ to »i«i»taln M» aetlois, .«mf1 the la^triiotioo 
t» th« Jury t® fl»<l f©r tH® di.wl'iRjodiust was ■■pre^nrty glvea. Tfc« 
^ii4giB«mt was thcrsfore rigfei sm4 It is ».fflrm»4. 




173 - S0434 






T3, 




'''V**^''^ 



m CHICAGO. 



IiHVi.&g- Si^^jJOB, Trs.<ili^ «.e Irving ^^f) 

X^ealtiT k Co, , >j. if ) 

\ / ^^^^ 






m. jT;.r,Ti0s Lestmai mLirmm'^ tm mim.m m ^m^^ ootyaf , 



'^,1% Is ^n «4¥>»*«»1. fr&m a .5ii^l£3a«Gt. agAiuBt ^S^ef^R^ant 
f©r as isffijnuBt ^bloh we assi«a« to b« :#S3®, XM«5 was th** sasemr4t ©f 
tfes ▼ardiet, tmt ib.'S al-'Strsiet fail© ^i© also^' the ef«ti*y «f nny 

I'ble is a fourth c1«wb» ea»« aB«l t}i« ^Rly »©lnt ^r«- 
»«nt«* fey Ih^ Aefr<iG48i»t f©T rev«rB&l t® ili»t. the statement ©J* 
«laiffi ie iBav'fflcslffRt, citing £jyy^^ r, C;fc,i,to &ffl .^ ^.§.,''-AF5%T,.J1S.' > 
2€@ lll.» SC5, A» t>>« 8'fe»tra«t dci«© net ««t ©ut thr ®ini«f&«Kt 
©f claim bttt ©3Bly ripf«r« to it aa *^tat«^sLefit ©f eiaJlri,* re CFdw;,©! 
!►»»« «®©K lis s^fflclfjsey. It l." ta® well #stafeH«ti«d rule t>i®.t 
ttee m^stract mxn% ehaw saatters r^litd oa for rf^Tr^rs'il, an-* tfest the 
re-riewlng coart '»'lll not exaisir;* !>>?? ir©oor4 to flnti gy<?««'Je for 

If tbt Btatisa^st iis as T>rlnt»d In d«f©n^^ar^t 's ^ri#f. 

It l!« not op«s to tbe ofe;J«atloii m64«, Tb.e <^ls.ir.; is f'sr |rGf/'!g, 

war**, ai54 i«eTe>jandl»9 snl^ ars'l d«llv«r«d,witfe d«t%il*a inforjB*- 

and 
tion as to the prlcejt/AncluAefi a eiaisi for interest li<!»caws«» oi' da- 

fsn4ant*« wilfitl smrl vcsatlcus Seiay ia p&yiBi*; th« aeeoiir^t, isiy«n 
ift a tort aettdB llk^ tl-i« SiiB*B «^s«, ii^i::^, it Is-- snrflclftnt if 
%b.m »t»tftsi^jt rfl-aaeRably inforjae the d^fs^n^HT-t of tihe K«.tmr9 «f th« 
«ae« he in eallcd \tipoB to d«i*ejidl, sad iisetjffialenciss in .*'or» ar« 
euyet Ijy verdlet. S^t«r t, HdM^son, 2@8 iii., t&l. It ha« btea 









»4lisS!«Sf<r.,l. 



»#«5«B«it«-lXy li»li that la a ffs'jprth class ca«« txpnn n. cor. tract, s 
sit&t#ia«iit is eiifficlraat whleli eti*t«» the account ©r nntur® ©f 
^Isdaxiff 'e ^«Kg»»*^ mul ictvsii inforttintlen that will reaBonatly 

«*<5tleO 428, 111-, ?5t*t. {CnhilD; Ifsprvjs v. Ji^SMl. ^^>> I^l« 

MSiSliHS. '^» .&i.,.Jj.«L.,A-.?,a«Ilj«»'IS»» ^'*-- 111., 3X1. 

7h»Tfi tsi ne *»Tit In ^effWi'J^.nt 'e £«"3:>««1, •soil tfes 



llf^t@Ji#tt , F» <T, , aK^ l©"hR»t*?s, T, , GCiacwr. 



to »-^.',"j.i»n 



ISa - 3C445 

\ 






TfS. \ ) 




..<-^'' 



QV CHICAGO. 






241 1,A, C 

FlslRtiff, Bakf*y, breiiijht ««it alleging » contract 

wttll dtf«Ra*fit, I,«anart3S, whffi2*«by hi& 'ra* tiu r<»n'!!tT servtesa in 
eocnaetion Hth tJi* eXsti^ ©f l.suKgj'ta agalwat %h« ©ity of ^d9ms» 

for •■isi^ftt om)!?«i'l "by the 61ty la lo-w^rljag fh« iT%4e of tbe si4e- 
trailk iB r??cnt of I.«nRai.r|g*a i>T*?i>erty; tbat ?§«fi9a.4asnt asreM to 

flalatiff. P«fer»4.aBt d^rilt'd iri® ©ontraet aad tl!i»t plaistirf 
l^erforffiacl tb« serftssa all'Sgt*. tlpon trial Ijy th« eo^rt pl^listlff 
li»a jttdfpoEit fer #9C0, frtjaa whicfe 4«fefl?iaf}t appealB, 

tht^ cMef questioa iB.^0lT«d. 1» o«if» ©f faet, Ltmiartx 
fe»4 ststd tls« City f©r -^.sa&ai'es t© his prspsr ty« and as^o^irently was 
^iesfttisfls-i with t>j« g2©w prog;r«B« of th© eaa«. frm-ls. I, l^tia ai^ 
m r«sl 9gt?it« ^3G, w&s IttBchiBg wltfe l.^aHari2, -wbo waa expr^BBiKg 
lilwaelf as 4i»satiafled with this dfilay. Bak*r joiasd th«a and 
wa« iatr©4iaeed te Li&nTJart« tsy Tar»all, YarKall ©ugg^et^d to ten* 
aifertiE that 8-s*er wan j» ssuan ©f »xi»ei?l«aae« anfl wid«» ae^inaintane«), nad 
thfet lie mlgt),t hftlis bim In t>".» matter. Ttee thr«» Bi«f» t8a)t?»«f It ovtr 
and l,»iaR«yt« 03C!?r©s?*«^ a wllll»^;tK«)SS! t© J»,orft BaJr*r*9 ««rTlc««, 
Tai^all »mi4 tliat ®ak»r «honl4 r«e«lire 1500 fof hi a w^rfc, ran^ B9i:«r 
tBstifitt'S tfcat t© ths iBrinire, *H©?^ about th,atf» LennasrtR r»T»lie<!, 
•Sur«.* A ««!»orfm4\sB was dr^wn up "by YarnaH, air<?ete(^. to BaJcer 
«a»d to be aipied Vy l.®nriaj?t«. tiila ^ral't was r««(| "by TajmisiX te 
th» ©thif'jp two »ea, *JBa it tra.8 tiBdcr«t®ort that It *?«s to be ««■&•«• 
fUftRtly typewritten, fbis draft wao in •▼Id^nc* andi fiots forth In 



^:>ie' 



cr,' 



oi 



ttl 



»!•; 



I Ji.i!t.«X*- 



i> 



9J»^ Ml^' 



Stttall tb« elatifi of i.«Bnarfe» with yftf«renee to the daaia,g«» to hi» 
property -smt^A the eugg*%«fcl©ii tfeat L«nrmrt« would s>r«f©r to %4just tb« 
Batt«r omt of oourtt »s his health was aet good ond be vlsh«ji to gci 
Skiuth fer t.lj« wint«*r, "yantiall »»y« this draft w«wi dra-«TD at th« re- 
quest of L<Ki9inaarts and delivered ta B&ki^r. Lenniarts smd Il^aker th«a 
is&de ^an fiBgacesseiit ta o&ll at tb© CerTJoratioa C-0u«s9l*e olTie©. 
Th«y afterwarfSi called at th« S^ryeratioa O0ui^»@X^s ©ffi«e aiid h?^ 
{A iBterTiOTT iritte Mr, l.«0ii Horasitfitn, tlxs ^ir»t Assletarit Corvjeratlon 
Oeui^ieel for tl%« Oity* ais4 41«mi@isd4 i>«iEii'AaX'ts 's olaij^ for da£i»(g:«c 
sgis-lnet th« Slty; Baker 'e posltisn ISslug that if ther« ^as to fee a 
RftttltRi^it it should l>« ei>««^l'Q^«<S Bp#edlly, Horssteia fjrosaissd t© 
take %hm matter ^ istith Ur^ Be*.» la th® C©r?>Gratteii 0««ns«l*iB ©ffieo, 
»e h« feM «ffearf« of tlbat class ®f Qlaisss, lYldec©!* ir«,a introdwoed 
tending t0 s?i«>w t^sat Isir^r wa® aetiv« in th« ffi-»itt#r, telephoning to 
leaja&rta an4 «alli»g »t th® 0©rsfO?"ati«ii Qsmm^l's Qfflm and iater* 
triefrlng fi©rKst?>in a atseal^ar ©f tine's, Sfeoftly tV;©r©after L^nrmrte 
a»d[ th« C0«iia«l I'or the Citty case to aa agr«ffija«at imd & 9ettl«tKftBt of 
fei© elaia ag&iHst tfe© City wao wMe, Wh«B plaintiff roqtas««te5 pay- 
ment of #&yO for fel» B«rvle«8, aefettd«t»t refused to m&kn paysassst, 
elaimiog tfc«,t the oase had beea »ettlea fey his attor»@y, Mr. AshtoB, 
ae^ not 1^ Baksr, 

'file ?*fcov«, i?ith oiher K&ttera app^ariisf ia th<& rooorfl, 
98t&lsli»be» this fact th&t ieferi'iaiQt dl.d agro® t© accoft BistJcer'o oer- 
vioftt tH fart>3©rlfig tbi* »»ttleffi<mt ©f M* olaim sig^slnst the City, 
I»«iaart« eayes tbat h» lailergtoot!' those oerTio#s wer« to b® se^rely in a 
frls^it^ly -^n^ i?itli©«t eoEtpensatioB, Btit ao Bak^r ana Lenytart* had nero r 
mot nmtil fer©«ght tog«thor Isy Y»rR'?.ll» tbie TeraioK oi" tb« «rr«ng«sent 

la hi|:t>?ly Impr-ghabla, fh® t«»tlBony of Baker <a»d tarnfai ■Msr* of JUon- 

th« 
Rarta.tak^n togothor with/ftigt that JLoniaarta went with B^iksr to aeo 

H©r»st9iB aod ^ieeyaood the ffiatt^r, issikes it iKposslfcls on any r«»aaon- 

&feXe Ipround to eoueluda that thorc waa bo eontraet of «HE|?loy»«nt. 



»» *-^ 



feft 



^^I'J* 



1*°v 



Yj&rnall m,^ B»'fei,r t«(«tlfl'3'i that Lenaarta agrft«4 to glv# 
Baknr '$W0, i-aker u^fn lurthsr th'^.t. a» he isa^ LfiYsnxTta w«re going 
%<& th« ©ffl«© «r the fiarporiitten <!J©uns«l he toi4 Leanmrti! in tijlj- 

Btan«* tKat If YaTEadl hiswi say al%l» h^ wantaA Lsrmartz to pay ht^a 

aart« R»y» that h« ai<? i»a% agree to oa^JS B«lt«r ISCjO, "biat does not 
4.%nf t>b4t till 9 flgaifu W.&S rstmitiiineil, .andi says tfctit hs Aotss net »0io««m» 
Ijftr. Wh«ti?«r ar sot ]L«nriart« ?igT<»«ci t«s tj-ay $506 dsigtcsi^s t^oci tSiiS 
ert^lMlity of tli.« iiiflij««ss«s. fh© tri^ caart JiaA 9\|S@rioy ©ijpojptit* 

aitl®fi to dti3F8 ta i-Snttyiaiuft tM» fr^tm ©lj»®ryS»g tli«§s wfeix© testify- 
ing. 1lR»t«p tM-P ©l,rot»iai?t«s»««»!i w« ira-ial^, n©t ^«s ,1u«tifi«*ii Ib saying 
i^«,t tB^e trial, mnvt afe0ial4 a«it b^Tt aa^Sftlf^cJ tlae «iit«>ry ©f pialii- 
tiff 'b witBj^sisea, A9J^t0f!,» <!!,t,f «rj*ittit»» ^tternty^ testifying «js )s1» 
"fefsii-aif , 5»tat«»^. ti-jat if lafeer titd feaEtfBi tJi* »«ttl6m«?i»t his ®«3fvie«« 

It is ft®rK«t«tly ».rg^i«sd. th?ist S-itk^r yenf|«r#il a<» «i(irvi««« 
ef Talia* aa^ that tfc.0 c&8« ^©wl''! feav© "teefta settlM reigsjrfUstw $f* 
aa3rti3i»,g h# 'fi'4. ?hl« sail Is n©t ea SH!lSl3H HH2iili -""^ ^■■'» ''^ con- 

As tli^ eriienee t«H3dg to ahc^ ihs.t afflrris'ss ■'.'?ers r@r.d«re4, it wss 
ii«t ««#e«sttr:y far iplalatiff to i^roire tbat h^ ?t-a8 tbe eont2*olIiBg 
faetor in ferisgiBe ?^l"«*it a settlf'S'.m-it. How^rr^r, it if? » f;-vir Ln- 
fsr#ai>« tfeal t*ht ^<*.r«i iit-FBt ©ffcrt® ««<! a«tirity ©f Bi;<k-er dl4 hav« 
t!j.« eff<?-©t ©r ibri«.fi»g aa>©»t ^m p-arliar «ttt.l«ssifmt tbiai lalglit 
«tl&«rwls« ■fesiT* "bffias si*4«-. , . , 

Btf«r}^s»Bt »rg?»«! tbat tli^- <g^»trt»ist "l>»'?t«'««K taker .nud 
tiigieilf Wfes! -yeid. ne p^galisat ptst^ll^j peliey. fb*^ 8up:;iortl»g ca8«« 
eit«4 i«f« ii#t aT?nJit?a>;J.* t» tlto present altw^ioB, '^e tire refnrrtd 
t© 80 f!eclei»n» r«?latiRg t© »» agr^easnt to mspley «ib* to soaduet 
a«g©tiatt©na Ieo>-iKe t^; a settlnKent of ilffer«»oe« b^^twe^sfi ej^jjoeing 
|iArti«8. fhe f»et that th« City of eiiieago »a8 on^ of the partieg 



••*• 



•^tiit.fS; t» '**■*' Ui"i 



,q .^:- I't-r 



s c- "; '•?'.:•* '^ f*^» 



-frJ tJ 



1p, %hf> msit br«'«Kht hy Iprrmrtj? ^fn^m mat o^!*in£tP« th« chfjrsvr.tfjr of 
tlb.e «#rvlo*» r'^ndejpe^,, a Pentraet to l0''tjea cr rncnurnge lltl^.-i- 
tloR Rlfetit few '^©i,^,, feyt Tir» ar** not rcnt^r*^ at smj deciaJpriS h<^l<'.l«g 
fel<! & eojBtrR.et rl-ich hais ff>r Itv ftb.lf^'Ct thr^ ©9ttl«KSJ?nt «sf <Slff«r-> 

Th« c»B« -wni! tris: ' Ir. a pem-^^het irrt»^^.sr cn^ irfc-nnal 

©f <wlr1<wc.fi. Hp!ir^Vff»r, k^s* the ei-tpe ■»•**» triptl 1>y thr tJtXiTt vifbtmt m 

•■ridwBCi!. 2k ®r?y event, -wi^ittirrer nry^re rcTf coKKltt'^iJ t^©r th« 
trlai aj*« e©t «!' iofj'lciant ii^©rt«nee to r«gyiir?> #. rTvernia. 

Strl-j»p^«!l af ^VL isupertlnf^nn «»tt«f , of ^^ig}- th^rc ie 
jBwsb, t-h© ©Tirte«e« tmide %0 fsts'.'bliefe the ecittrniet ef «^^ssj5X»y)^^?nt 
r«ir the man ©f fSOC aaat e^rrlces perfoiwed "fey tb«- plaintiff pi?reut*Kt 
t© 9u0l; eentraet, 

ft «s«aot eey th»t ilif aenoltsslo^ of tK^s ceurt war ef?B- 
trary t© fhe -wei^l^t of "Wfe© evi^euaee, ®k-^ thn jtj!''fc,jr,«>rt ie tt'-cr«f©r« 
«fflnr««A. 



eS^<«tt,F, I",, sail .7©hB«t«m, J., cf?ni^«T, 



»Tle 



1»1 - 3f>C5^ 



/ L 

i 






eii:Am-^s siisjs. 



i|ip«?l^,ant, ) / 




^ 241 IJ 






MR. ^mtics Mtst^f^.Y imivrmm wm ©i»ist©s of nn! mm'f, 

Hits a«,tur«, ic vi©l%tiea df Q^ation M&& &t th«^ tyMc!»go MunioipaX 

Co4e. Vmn tri^ he ipss fftMJsdi gt.»ilty by a jury n&d i'lne<s i^fjC'. 

Froa jIuiSgjserit ob the vertiiet !5^f®fid-Mit app.aa,l©, cl:-u»iBg th&t tfe« 

A iitolie^rwemaja testified feteat ish© btjuii.bt tis« si»gas5tn« 
«al,la<i •Aart Levers** fre® tk« istors of the ?3el>a'iaHt in Ohleag'o, 
»n«! It "wae intr^ducftd le evl<Hii0# -Mi-t ra^rked as an eaihllBlt.. it 
Is not In the 'bill ®f »x:©«|jt.i©Ka fllesi ia this eourt, a« t^e 
eejialmnisE &T %>.ts jary as tu it® ehartioter -was bas«a 8ol<*ly tspon 
<WB lR*m^st!.©R of this exhibit. In Itss sib8«r;ee frrm th^ reeord *# 
Bast cr'se'sm*! that t;li« v^r^lst 'w^s .Inttlfle^, 



iiSfmmi^, 



U^%Gh^%% , «*, J",, and Johnston, 1,, eonenr. 



I^S 



imi^ y^i^l&n &#»■.- 



•t»ei 






\ 
VS. I 



Lotus ^. PC4.AIS3W,, 




/ / 



:^ 






i^ \. 



0.? €O0K 0OWTT. 



241 I.Ao 602 

MR, smmim ne^msis rnktyMm-Q tm omuim m ^sm sciiht. 

Plaifttlff 'brought suit to reeoreir fro» l«wl« M, 
Pal®*-©*', Willi.iBE& S, Perlman and Samwel Srosmaasi r(^al eatitte cgjs- 
aiauleca is th# Btim of |9,C5f56, r«3i3ltliig fr«>jf= the a&l« of a certain 
fsjra. -PerlmswR ttn^ &.v^%mmn war© iiemisstd and th« %«tioB proee^^'ded 
against Polaket^ 3lon«, lTp«n trial tey the cotirt a finsSing aisd. 
jQlgmeBt t'h<?r«©n wer« is'ad for f^,ORO In fn^yor «f tfe» i&lslntlff, 

FlsiBtlff, ^'i, S, Botiglas, was «?sgmg«4 Ir. the r<Bal «•- 
tate "bissinss® in Ws}«]fe®g«n, Tlllnotjs, ss.^. h^fl the sxcluslve ag^^ney 
for the ®alffl of a farwi ©^iie<S fey ob® Jota Clay, in LaSf« Cownty, Illi- 
aela, knows &b the Glay 'fajm. Oia Jaauary 10, 10 S3, plaiatlff eall«4 
on def«£id&nt at the latter'* office in Cliieago, ^ith r«e-ard to tbe 
•al« ©f this faxa ^a 9uot«4 ei®y*B ton&s as $100 »O0© net o*eb, the 
$areb&8«!r to pay msmisei&nz, JsTJuary 12, 1925, defendant delivered 
t© plaiBtiff a eoatract for the puxebaee of this far® for ^100, ^>00, 
set eash, Sixid f^ave plalsttiff his ch<?clt: fer 1 5,000 ae eartiset Mon«y, 
At this ti»e, ae well ae on prsvioue Interrlewg, plaintiff made it 
dietinctly anderetood that Ms sailor. Clay, would not psy any of>?n- 
roiBsione, and defendant told plain tiff that he was forralng a 
eynileate In whiob he himself waa interested, smd that hseaiaee of 
his listssreet he did net earneot aer elala way eommiftaion htjt that he 
•XT»ested to t%5r© ear?' cf nlaintiff ♦» eomalaaion. The eontraet of 
•ale f^sroorted to he ginned hy Samital Oroosmjaas aa the i^urohaser. 



SOA .^.T 






\ta% (Sresseum testified that h« did cot elgti it sor di-5 he %uther- 
ise 4«l'enttaufc to eigri da his ieh(*lf, ihe d«feadarjfc teBtii"l«4 
that @ro»8a«u had ^eej» ».B&o<3iate<^ n^ith ai^ in otb^sr aeal» mA h« 
1^.ought he wculc" want to coui® ir* o« tfei-j «n«, ;in<:i .for tbio r©a«»oa 
h« Bigno<t Cjroeaiarwi 'a mfisitt, ImhXMnxy 24th the tsalc was cr»nmaBr.'4t«*d 
pursaarit to tlttn l^xmu qi' the Bontract, tkus 4e®fl, rimning to Wiixisn 
®, PerltsftK, ^?"ho taok titl* ^or U-.® •jntrc'-'feBiJag syn.-'.ioat'?, At th« 
aeetin^t wbeji th« aala w»« soii^letea, tbs deffsnt^mwt fH>;atin ntated 
tbat tb® eoaBsissien woeid la« p^id oy hla. liefmnAtmt tsMtift©*! 
that at this %xmi> (Mt a-^d a<i iiittji'-sst ia lb« Iru>:^e^^?i.s^^, but tbat 
Sfsme foiar aisiiths •fe(i«;ris:!ai*t«r k« b'SCcuBs?! lh» o'^i^^it yt * ene-foiartb 
irstereet itj tha prop^ty. A i&% 4«ky^ fel'tttx ttes u«al •was closftd 
dei'atidaiit tiol4 i>laiatiiT t*aat ar-igiiialXy he had besu iotoyested 
ia ab.e deal -^Itfe Gressiaaa, \tu% that iiow hs usaQ not irjt,er#3t®t4 aad 
Biai«s« pXmmtiff spilt with Mw en ©©BuaisaioiiS b^ wouli get aothing, 
ilPl&iiitlff thea agret^d to tsks |5,UCC' M*d ,i^-W« ^sfsadamt |2,Q<'?0, t>ttt 
d»f«Bciaj:)t tfeea r«questc!d tii,at s>ia.liitlff divide his |3,0uO with two 
»ther real eatate at«. Sfde pliUntiiT refussd to 4o aj^d tJie pskrtiet 
8epi3ir&te<i. 

Uftfeii-iafiit a»a«3pt» tl-«,«it t.h« oo/aalssien i?a8 du« from tho 
f>UT«haf>«r, &fi4 tliat {-4S /'!<? was aot ^ns purchaser Iriia promts* to pay 
the emjaBiiaslon r*©* "being In srritirig was -withie the Statute oi" 
¥r&u5« *8 tl).« ■prtiEiipe to pay the rlsfet of another. Ih© trial court 
»»» ^ustififtd Ik oiefBel»t!iag tfeat defesdaiit was a« origirtal pxir- 
ehaser ana that hi a ]pro£i«i.t-e ty pay fefe* etoiaiJjJ.859ion wsis au original 
wid»rt(Aklng ir. hie own bahalf. It is sv rsajaonable infer^rios that 
4«faidasU, ^-iist ht ^Afe^ed tV.© c<sntrfe«t with Gr©BS»aa'0 tma^ and 
t^-t« fialEtiff hiss ewB eh^cK far |-3,Cmjc as tsari.est aone?, *a« acting 
i» hia fftii Vftfcalf, TrHj faot th*! Gr9»«aj,aB did Jiot heeo&® a meja'fe^ftr 
«f the parshaelj&g ».yndlfeAt« v^-'doh subs«^u*jf.tly bouiil^t the property 
ttKd«r the esatr&et ia aot iis.p0rt»r.t. B^ffta^ant hsi4 suj iKt**xe«t ^^t 



»Ji /MS 

JH*s^.' "---•>-'■ ■•"■■■' "■- V - ■ ■■■• 



,S>«i«#0« 



■?.*" 



^Ji- 






t>'f> tlnsfi V)f» r>rcBlR#'! to way islalnfelff the eosmlesion , an*1 riie or«I 
proBflp* WS3S3 mB-le o« bis- O's'n b-'-v-ilf. 

It ir arj^uffi'l that Gturehill »jHril ^sioCruffln should fear* 
"be«a Jciised as pjiTtles plaintiff, Tt?ut tbe faets do sot support this 
eoBttKiticn* it^acCliiffia aet«d «• the attorney for defend^iBt and cit 
f»ac time took Mm te Wauk«ga» te interest hisa in property th€r« 
ftRd together with C^tirehill showed him about. &o Bi'i'QVt ^.ab mad* 
t« int^T««t ?ji€f«xj'i-^nt in th« Ciay F%rif, feees,;.'S« It 'was knoiwii t>iat 
piftlntiff vsig t>-'e *XRlu»lve sf^eot for thl». T)irotigh tht ©fX©rt« of 
MBcCxaffln fm_e ChnrehllX, defeiridsasit beught » teofm in the vicinity, 
fcnewr as the Eeith Frjrsrs, &nA received eowaslseions for thia. Plain* 
tiff ferjd 1%© i54.sr«!#ss^t with tb^se men a©HeerRlBg any eowmlsBioB' on 
t>v« 01 ay Farm. MscGuffiB nnA Cbtirehlll ha<? n© Intprest in this par- 
ti«4ul®3P tTBa9:»-etl©B, whieh raade it necessary for plaintiff te join 
tl^es! &» 00-pl^^l-n tiffs In this aotlon. 

It l.-i aial:1 that plaintiff '^ras not a licensed real estate 
%T^}£tTt in that hm h-od no Itc^^ns's from the Stty of WauJcwgan ae re- 
<iuired "by an or«1iaaiiee, fhtjre ifs >^vi4enee that this city ordinanee 
of Waairegan bad ^sooae & daad letter; neither Churchill nor MaeGuffin, 
«!ie were real estate 'brokers tixsre, bad %ny licsnae, HoweTer, the 
ordinaaee ref^ra to trans&etiona "'within the City of W^ukegsaa,** 
while the Clgy Farm is ctttaide tJie city limits of Waaicegan, It 
wan not neeeesary fsr plaintiff to iH/^we « Chioa^o real estate 
lfer«ker*8 lie^spe. He wae not s. reeldert of Chieago and had no 
office here and tead nerer Ije^fore neg:otiated a salt in Chicago; the 
prooerty itself w&s net in Cook Covnty, laut In lake Coimty, He 
■*.\^ hn-^o n "ferj^Jt^er'fl lie^jiS® froK the Btat» of Illinois, 

It is not proTwn that Clmrehill and MaeCJuffin pro- 
e^red def!*ndM>t as a ninrcliassr of ♦he Clay Fajpa before -olslntlff 
feDew Jasytl^inn a^^-f-^ It, Th^^se men kne* that Botigli%B had the ex- 
eltisire a^imey for thie, and their activitlee in Lake Oeunty «er« 






sti^ii? TiTSn' ^«rTf' 






&tii ;f?j^6liiS *"■; 



Biainly <;ir6et??t1 toward aslling the JteitH J^arm, 

She trial eotirt wa« .fyetified in flmtlntg that defend- 
ant wag ar. Inteyet®'? priasip^l, ^^nt fven if ho vbt^ not hf; woul^ 
t>© liftl;le nptm tt!f» tV'C^ory that, ^her® at* Jigent contracts for th« 
l>ttreb%0« of T>roperty *?lt!h0«t dlsclosinf? the nasse ef hia principwl, 

4S 111. S*38; Gfiselm ar:! v, gSiLiiil£!lMiS» 1^8 Ml, App, 316} ajajja.^ 
"^^ HgBMMXt ^^'^ ^il^» ^PP» *7^« 

Cosplaint is K;a«!.e of the rtUlnga of %hb msutt upei* 

tendcrciS prpp©sltioEs: ©f !&«-, bwt if the jufif^scent i.« proper uK^er 

the !«»' an;?. fi.ote, tht ruliRgB ©r^ prf)poeitio3E3S of law ai*e inma- 
t«rlal. 

far tbf? resi-fiO0B a^ove ir^^Ucated irs held tr«i tfee 
J^dgpfEt ^'sts prefer, aBe It is aff IrmtA, 



Matefeett, F, 3^,, and J'shrsKtoKi, ?, , aoBc^r, 









■■;';ti 



.t!-r' 



r ^»r~.,'. 



f 40 - 





....... 


'\ 


/ ■. 


\ 


.._..-^ / 






rs. 



*ip|»#llt# • 



! 

) 







241 lA, 603 



m, stimxQE unBx^rnvs BmiirsmiB tKi mmmM m t»i eomit. 

fl-ji© la a e-olt f®r ©ojiasiieslont &i' a r«&i estate liroiEer 
im ^Jilc*^-, ©R trlRl ■feefere a jury, plttiatiff hM 4»<lgm«*t I'er #81Q, 

tlmlistifJ* *« stfitsmiist ©l" elaiK ailsge^ that ©a or 
«3Nl«t Say tS, 19^3, 4-»fsadakrit 6aipl0^#4 Ui@ pl»4intil'l' H© ©ell eer- 
talu r«ai t»taie »«i»«tj 1>y dtJTta^laat in vhi^atgd ldest*sd at the 
•owtfewtut mrn'sr ®f CJietJP© «b4 ll«ioja »v««tae» «twi4l ««r«@4 to pay 
^IMatiff s> «seMsis59t0ia @f fhr«® fajr ■©•at fos- hiss aervicsse in pro- 

0Uf^4 a. |»ii:r«!^£mssr tie -wfetis ifrfsttdisa&t el5.®rily thisvnmft«r ©old th« 
tr«wi)^*i® fsT 5t7,Poe, ly m.ffi4«iTit os' sserit* 4«SV*4aRt. 'l«-it«<l 
that h« #&^loyf;'? t>'« 35(l».tetiff ifi, ««y am8iu«f iasd d^clets tfeat 
IfXaijfitliT was iMstr^iKeiDtal iu ferlBgi»s;.[ %fc©«t tha a&l«, 

IThe ^ufdew ef prcel «&8 oa tv>® pJainttJT t© prove th« 
6<»Bt:r{Mrt i4Bd tl^st b« procur»fl the smrcimser. JaqKgsjg. v, -^).,Qble£. J?@9 
Hi, 444. B«fen^Mit argues t;h«,t ih© verdiut ia not auetgiiaed by 

|t$l&t| 8js4 that \h9 j\id4i«i«fit Hiwat "b« yeTtrsei an-i tJhe catt«© rwaf^died. 

Fls^latirf t«Ki,iil«d that h«? wt-*3 i& iietiisedt r#al «>iBt%t« 
IbroJi^r in May, 19SSj that at this tlis«j, lu i?*®aiBg, b© ssmt th« 
eern^r lot ewe^d "by iho d«f«ciaajit ois wfeish w»© a l^^ge ^J-or Sale" 

aatj tihat tb«rawpon Isa aaliad him up en th® teleuhon« m^ tl3*t he 



oe- ■■'ti.i ±^s 









tW}%tn<i^ 



*giab'ye ^9 th« prop^r^y far ^ale,** Tl»« -'i. WisaB aai'l ',ii!;'».t he i"i»d »»*• 
a writi«» siisRJcrars'.ltm «f tb« <l*sta.iie ol' thi» iionvertmtion, Ms?* on 
ifes triSil Is^iaM WL» rdeoXl,«@ti@ii ©f fchife eoi5v«rs.tiit.l©n upon this 

I^aiOR tn thft rioigiiTsorho^d, wh« wit* iaoitAjag I'ov j)ro|)©rty with a 
vie^ to pure^Jiaaliig th(8 sasae, #'i taint ii'l' si&ya i,hut he t.©c!k i^nioa said 
sliow®^ hia 4ftf@r»4ffia3t'8 prober ijr wa^^ w@nt -with i»oaj©a sw»1 Introfltie^d 
kis: tQ th@ d«feirit#E»t« ^$e hE%d saiii0> a&i}Y#rs&tio& %'i4M kasH&n -'.ie to 
the price 0S -&&« profsrty. i» -luiy plaintiff eitllftd dlel'eftdant by 
tftl^TObeae «aid was iafarmeA tkatt tfe# prapmrty hml be#ii jioM, Flsin- 
tifi' ©laiw&d that h# was e-Blitls^ to a oetaadssloK, but d»f«sRd«wit 
jli«l aot e0RC«(3« t^4». fiii» -isais tufefistaiJtially tta« ^tir« «-7ideKo« 

Fer th#. ^aifeftflsKt ^ahn J, fhsr^ieB t«s!tifl©d that h«i w** 
A r«al estate "fer^lssF rns-i lii»4 Jemetsn Ui« <S#3f*»a4aat sine* c*©te>s«r, 
iUSS, aasif bai Ier®«^ I^saen ©t-ves ©r Right yeaarai '^,hat Ke h&4 sub- 
ajittffd d«f«iiJ.*mt ♦• wTQp^rtf te £#«ea mmm hiE e«aj ia K©iri^b<*r, 1922, 
aaa liifd-im««l <!t®f«iad«sr.t ©f this fact, glTiJig the b^ia«® of th« ii©i8.<wa«» 
Ijpttdn thta Made «» 9i'i*«9r i'er tli« yrvyp^rty aad *l®$*«aciaajt aulcM » 
hi^m' ti^vir«, Th^m&nn aeMti»usd wltl? She jaegotiations;, getting 
the parti «• gtm^mlly tegttb«!r, tmA fiually als«ut f&vr ©r ilv« 
iBCBtii* later get them it^ agres en she |>rtc« .iM?^:5 a. eentraet wa« 
<ir«MB ^hi«h va« B4jpie4 "by the partita. BeftiidJ^it p»id Th^rmon a 
€«iisa;.i?ssji©fi of #400, 

ag^HK^i it.&m& testified that th&tmwBi tm'imltt^d this 
pT'^p^Tty %& fiir^> k& Q&%@'h®r ex l«ir«jateejr, X^s^, elx Motxthn •before he 
»«t tfc« jjlsliatiff J that OB a «ert»iB -Ssjr fa« -w^nt ©at ?aoij« to «*3r- 
sssiifio tfc« pTopsrty, wte«n the plsitrntiff »eat(^ »«* on the* «ld.ewalkj 
that whea t>5« jsialrstiff «aw hl» te« ssa-ta to th« witn*«B8, ^ *That is 
Mt, 8lask«»»,« I n^yz, ♦! Jenoir that feeforo yott, ' six moatho l^foro 
teo UM ««,• ^asoB QoaflmM ffetnsea as t© tfc«» n^sfgotiatisci! to 






«'■-' -^ S> , fctll..' 



OTJft^* ^^r«l <s- 



<»jrj? i*!'^ • ^' *»«! <IP 



*■*»?« 



>tt!S«?«^<' 






'stt. i&*i<5 ' 



?^ J' .if. 



;'!;»l'4(8jS.'r'^w« 



tel«l>>s@a® e^«T«J*8.at4®ii wiili tJB« fl%ijQUff i». Kay, l<»a5, cij:i<5> »t«.ted 
tJi«it tfe# oaly t©l«pli»m« «s©«ir®r8mti©jft wm» after tfe« eal«i, >-is t^t- 

%Ji« l»r«iKaiarliig ej*tas« ®f t1«« ^^9, t-feat £©£•,»» was Ma «u«taja«j', anrt 
It in mm^^^f*^ ivi ii^tmimt^M tei«»f th*t m« |»3ry wimi 

Js«t iM« l» tmmi %at Iw iwj avwat fliUr.%iff s«» el«a3*ly f stile*! to 
p3P©T« tte« sai«ta*l0S» «!• fei« atftiflsffimt of clafa toy tj5« ]ft^(©«ti#8»xy 



376 - 30538 

\ 

\ 



\ i^^ m com. aomn. 






***' 



241 I.Ao 603 



m. Amfiesi ESmm" se^^iebs fui' ohkiok oi* -ijks cgsbt* 



tMsi. cats*? iir«i© essl?. «s-d fo'r trl&l n© one ^sriswi^rtd 
fmit the iftfiwiAattt. .4 iiii'y '»»%§ aaxl84» tjiiftdence was ha&rd, B,n'^ & 
fer^iet *ras rtridai^d f©r |>l,;i.ltiti.ff 'upon ^Meli jud,^?Jaent was «n- 
tnr«*4 .-ie-^J^'St i«^f^fn'«r?ii*; for .1150^, ^Ithlw t-ho tern the def<9n1figat 

w^a ®v'««r-rnl«f^|, 3?r this %tm«al ^tf-li^-tJo.nt aaasrtsj thraft it was tm 
&^a@ of rflseretlaa f<tT tk« trial «9ttrt to ®ir«r»iMjl.« hie motion, 
alt his a/flf^Aifit ahet'«'«d. da* ^.lllg#RC« --^4 also ft aoritari^tie defens*. 

fhe rftfufiai t© 9#t aai^ie 46f«i!jti% 3,i*i8 wiUUn the ais- 
ea'stien of tho trial onu-rt, -Ktoone aotloia will not fe® 'Ustarbftd u»- 
Ipsb t.^* fiaerotl-m is f:r?»5Pl,T .»'hTteod» 5tyt£.tH ^» M.^x»^i vlt? ^yelf 
^,, 17$ SaX, ^i.. Sut. s revleriKg ;?3nrt ■«.lll iat«rJ*«r© »fe«-.c it ap- 
fi«»ris t'hat there la a» alme« of auab diaeretiosa, J6|f^i|3fy^ t, |^ 



Ct^Jiil. , 231 III., S13. A paJ'ty seflsiciag to have & dsf stilt set aeidtt 

ats'st «>»»* tM.^t b.* ?,sU:l «ttJi ^it« ^ill^«ES9 t;> pxat^fit hi« rights, asd 
tfemt li's fe«»» a n^rit^ri^um fitf «>«««. Ij^ta.aKe v. jgJUX, 2m 111,, s?6a. 

tJiat th^j eae« «a« an th*^ trial o?ai ©f Ju'i.g« lleldfja on ^taie IGt-hj 
tl?%t Sit tMs %Ji^ ?rsiRk 55, ah&"h*, «tn «R?^loy«« of th» attorneyw for 
Afltf*«i'1^Btj wtm wwis Ir* ar^af^es ef th'* esse, T?«a ^Ti'^ls*" in th^r trial of 
A e-%»«* in fm«iVi«r mnrtre&m; that, Vis aesftciftt^^, Wa-llCRr i'. Col line, 
?ra« imt©Mng i>?«? as.ll im ^«-!a*^ l?«>l'?"©ja»8 csartronia; tb*it abotit S:30 
p, »., th«r« ^a« & ca,s« cb trial in ^u4ge Eoldlo«»B took nnd eeTeraX 



i»Od .A.I JJ^Si 






et^«r e&e«« ©arkeA re»dy for trial aih«ad of this case; that th« 
carfl 'Which lit. ^naslly ■•■i splayed IcIic-cililR'/ iy^%t th»T9 if^vl^ 'fe? no 

fntthistt e*ll r&i- tiUit ii^ri ■*^'«»*' Kct i-^isrla^r^; n>at Go} lie* report** 
tbi« uorjiiitler. t© Cihetoj that %.e seen aft Sholjc fluished wHh. fci« 
C(*.«« lii ih** Jvsr ccui'tr&ojf* Isc --^ar.'.t into Jtjj**g« tRldoy^'a rte.-j^ i-ai^ 
fewBkii that tLle tae« ha4 fcecfi y»'«lj.&d -iiifl sufeaitt--sd ta a Juify, whieb 
Usi4- ir«ii»'ea to cecal :,.et its t-sr'Uat. 

It i£i ifisry ^auMfttl ii thlo 9r8S6r.tf- fi e&3€ oi du« 
€lli^eii6« ©ii tii® p-M'% ©*' fcJf).« *4ttf"KJs.<?j'«}. ColXtr.ffi. di«1 nolj ri«ipfli3Pt to 
^tt^Stv^ i'iwlds» th?j o»g-?i!;:*i*«4i!it of I^Keb^'', Tfhcpfi '(-otlen* »e«m t^ Vjutc 
l5«<*jr. t;.©v«rr*a4 by tit© ia»^.r« apir*ifejfi of Co}l11«8 t>v&t il^s 0*iv-.« ??«ri«ld 

BOt b« rtiaahwl, althoui/. ii in x.m% ^7..X«k^m\ Ui^it fiD]Llini» ms,«|« any 

©f tii« 
luljry o^T t>i!9 al'*rb or oT -jsy^t-.n'-. r*ya in t^js orl^r &»»««? ri« to 



wfeothtj' 0r H0t th«y woull la*?' triti. or- -^is ta th« leif?«?t1N of tlise of 
*r>v Bi;e>> trlw-l. t^isTf* Js? prrennd t'er tV.« nr.r'fwe'^t th%t Oi»lXijti« 
mtfiT^ly Sxmsi9A to %h® 3oru5,l.«si©B %h^ th*? cr**© weinlrt net 'b» r«ftehsd 
aM:5 oowl'^ "bp l*>ft Mtiusat vsterlBg. It li?* .«!"*-f5'^r«41y nri*er»t©ed 
swefif ftttarriffys hhstt , mm ifiK,- ^:*9 fh© u«tjjal «%j*4 atfir*ow\oi»g «© 
f»rth««r cfill it- not ?^i8?lsiy«*d, n'il cr^aes en th*f tjftll for that ^ay 
Kfiy bt" ea.l3,«*d fox' is"l»l. If ^i^i&\!€ ^ae E-etw-^llj *Kgmfj«*<i ir. th* 
trial ©f i>f mother »&«« , '.t rrsj? CrolXins* fSijt^r tp rexftAlB Jr Jw^go 
Eel4%Fj'ii couxtro©« a*id r«|;t@rt tjhi« fr>et wh<»n the Qa8«* »?f.:i« calieii 
.f©r trisAl. 

Sv#ri if %h« attorn'»»y8 -^©r** «xan«&bi«, tb«>y were "bojind 
i# tl>iOte t>»»i vS«f«r(aar.t had & ft^«»rit'»Tir)at. 4*i'«w3ip.i» hnl'oTn^ the t J lal 

ri4ikVit rstXt^:' tc- 'Hbo1o««. Pl«.lntiff in M'\ 4^&iJky^tion R*s«rtgd 

t>-ftt l!«* wiu» Ins^e'htertl to ©R« 4£5aa Tyrak In the wtjm of .^.lS.''H>j r-his,t ho 
O^raed eertftlK ■»«r»-?Rftl trrr^arty an', an intsr^Pt !.n «?#rtmln gatv^rod 

»€«tI*^l^^«1 ^7 s&ie 4nee- Tyrak; tha* t^e ^.fifsc,1a»t ■4^r««*S ^Itfe plra»- 



A«»,^iii*» 



rem 



tiff thuf te , tV:# v^f»f«-?^4fwt, votil-* pay t%ni'*^ dt^'^t cf vl*'^<* e-wlng 

e3r:<"0tttiag «v»i f'^lliy^rtrp ts lf.fc^.4sf i, !'.a.rt, * >rdi'l of p«1 <r' to the 
^era©!?.*! ^r?^«»rt.v■ «?"* '••■'n PS'!?l<.;nK.mt of s>ll ija£«rfc«t is.. tH* crepe 

frcoux«-i a jU!:Vn:^-;ie!Kt "^^^^^ssst |j3.alntll*3' fc-r $iS©ff, a»/;« that by reason 
#f tte* faiiur* e:f d^f^K-^ti^t, Eart^ to i?^fr;? ©ut bl;; $^^ ■■-frdi^oii , 
iStX&,laU fi\ P^tlmt "w-'w ^"arir-eit t© ^r..' .,lt<:5 p.-<y tt* Tyr^i^ j...€-«sis..^»»t. 
Bjr pA»» tl«fcB.^«int all^ijsoa t^^t, ^ijf .lid i;.ot 'sjraaijc to ..jay Amsa '£jTa^ 

a«f»ns# to sl3. of tH« nX*lntlfr*:a el-%,tj4 in *h%% >-o, t>i? dieffiid&nt, 
'*:n«T<gr ■ptmsii&tiA t& ijjay <?^3SR a Tyrfik ulnst-^^r b'jrs'^r«^-«? -Itjllii^rs f:2l©00.00) 

and 'a^. a fyrt'-ar 5«f*U8?? tsV:at sst t-*,^ tte'-' sf tis-* "^Tl "■-«»* >^11'' of 
3al<? 9v?t .f«rth Ir tr.f^ --JpcI *r,UlnTi, ^IVic- Tjls-lRt Iff ^'S'ais n^^t pea6««8«4 

1% t3 ■%% .^n«s iiit»-s«iiir>ii«t thnt thl i U! not -I'Tt; forth 
a a«yltori©tt9 def^^iiss. flaiattff *» daelnratltssi tfi.r'. Hot sT.l'jgs any 

pla.ijBtifr, %a!i t>* f4»or!Kt »^l©h plaintiff sli -gc^ d* f fuennt 
f^oalaed t.v) |»^y rte -^ac ^IRT'O i^^?: not |X9C'0, -* i^ f«t».i''i iu tht 

W)M» ©9t p©8««««e!! of tlt3i» t<5 th* iprop«fty ie ao I i»portaiit, I'oT 
It 1» aet ial.i%«»4 t!h.»it >>e ]5«i? titlT., ■■.»«!, ?»itls yef^r^iise te the 
gre^ieg ere^* a»4 «th«r f«ns fr<»<*.not9 tha d'$eiara.ti©»j speeifiealXy 
«ll«g«^l ifeat i>lali5ttff b«4 "aa Intcvrc^st* tUarela, w^ieh wjnw «oX4 
t© 4ef««id«mt. J^Pthtrssope, «▼«« If it "bn Gdne«'ie1 that olaintir** 



kite I.' 



«i>ft««t ■\jcf 



tTtC iifr,M;i;ft.t.;t wi' dTti'«w*iSie i'.i*i:i<54 to ®ho»^ that 4«feniS» 

©lifti'aa, »d V'#@*t!«ft i^f t&i* i'i»Ai.sur« tJat trial o..airt was juriified 
In i«iijlnii thm isctloa j.«» vM.,:i}wi!9 tte* .f«i'i|s3B!i«att Xli-^tr* ^raa ft© err®* 



♦>)**r »'i 



•sevie« 4ut e.'^ 



313 - SOS?S 



iMi 69ntin«DTJtal\I'ae9 



Doing B«»ln<s«fi'^ 
CtirtalK Mil if*"; 



\ .r 

\ 1. M'^m, S©lngWusiae»8,4» 



©F COOK eOffliTY. 

241 IX 608 



m.» smtiQM Mesimio-Tf mhiYmMQ thi gfibiojs of fMs ootaif. 



Tiiifit septal qxiiia%i®n» th« ox-clsir of tii« Superior co^rt 
over»r«liRg <3efert<^aiit 's !&&tl(&n to racatft « ^ttdgjasnt for I'M.SS.SX 
«nteriid ttgaiapt hl» "by confession ycader po-r<ir of attorney, io thr»« 
jU<:!gHI«Bt 1S0t@8. 

fh,'^ aetisn ■s'as support i^l Ifey 4»f«ndaist'9 affidavit, 

«^J@>i trj ^-.j^bsttwee asserts that iilaistlff held o«rtaia Juitgaent 

not«« made by €efer.4ant au'S In J'wly, l®ff$, "wfo*?! Asfondjmt ©oateBaplat- 

«4 e!,%k,ing a briU'flliJg lean @b real estate ©imffitl Isj Jiija, he «i9esrtalfied 

tteat flsiRti ff liad talfcefi jafligafigst against him ea these Kotes; h» 

went at ©ooe t© plaiBtiff to &8oertais wby thie was douft an 1 t© ob- 

talB A rel««s« sdM aatiet&etien of r&eGXA, fh« affidavit i^roee^ds: 

•flaintiff was not ia the elty axiS affl;*jat ^as 8«nt to the 
dffiee of Sastuel C, Msrwich, attorney for plainiiff, ^© tcl«- 
graphed to plaintiff the demand of affiarit te eatisfy said 
4u<itpsajt. flatntiff sect a release «i4 ©atisfactioR of Bueh 
}«d;.-^i«»Bt to his attorney, btst directed his attorney not to 
deliver said satisfaction fi®ee to affismt until affiant had 
givtts liotee in the wim ©f |6,^0» ^?hlch was the balsifice then 
»>sewi ©n t'h# backs of plai«tiff and claimed to be c!u« by plain- 
tiff froJS affiant, Affimut iRforssed the attorasy that he lid 
cot eve the plaintiff that amount, and it was doxibtful if he 
«wed anytbing, b«t bs it was l^u^9rative that affiaat seeure a 
eatlsfaetion and release of said ju-i-vi^ent, and aa the only way 
h9 eoold get it was by «zecutlng the netes hore au«t4 or, affiant 
EBs.de a proposition to Sjftauel G, Horwi^, ftttorriey for plaintiff, 
that afftaEt weuia exeoat* the notes ajrgife .gating $-6,800 and nlsict 
them wit*'- said Sns^el C. Horwleh in eserew, eowditloned ijuon paid 
Samtjel G. Herwlch hoi-Hug sai4 aotsa and not delivering paid 
not"® to ^lal«tiff >4ntil the »coounta in dlaptate b^t«een plain- 
tiff an<? defendant were settled awd adjusted, m^ if at that time 
it was fotaad that th«re ^ae anyt-.ing Axift plaiEtiiT, new notes 





'.5* 



1 li^Si 



rs? ;: 






'>rf' ,llS9$t>Vf *.•* 



i#&4-.*!«»t'ti<7 Jri-riafjtt'la #811? .&««■" 



j^ffi«t e« 









w«rei to Is© executed, by aJ'flaat, ani tbose held by Qaaiucil G, 
Eerwici; y«turned t© ai'flant. ll-sis proposition w&» accepted 
fey iSaiauel C. Horwlch -ijfir^ this affiant then ?mti there «x«<mt«d 
th© ueiee euid pl^ioed theia in th« custody of StMTitt©! C, Horvioh 
ai^oA tli« tjietlnot |^rosjl«e said contract that thi? aasie were to 
be held in escrow aiitH afflaatli aceoimts i?i i,h the plaintiff 
■?Fere settled and adjusted, Wnieb wae to be 'lone iEB&<sdiately 
u^oB plalBiiiT'e return t-5 th® eity; that tbe notfts w&r« nipyer 
4«llTftr«d ta plaintiff liy affiast »«jric! tJriat th© delivery of th« 
Bet»« ts pl;ii»tiff l»y Br'^m^A C. Hor«l eh was in pliiin violsction 
©f thi» eontraet «aad agrsoffient ©f the affiant Etnd ira« vpaauthorlssd 
an«1 contrary te If:?*. • 

It will b« B0t®i tlsat flaintlff ha«3 swrat a rel»a«© and 
«t%ti«faetiai3 sf Ms ,fu4gm®at to hiss sitartiey Mth *1lreetion» not to 
Aftliver each satl»faeti«B i^lee^ to tl^« 4«f«wsiria)st uRtil the d«f«adfia5t 
fe*j4 ginm the B«t»» in iiti^stitm; aad y«t knowing that th« attorney ♦« 
ii«th«rity wao thas llsaltod um^l defined, d<ife«4aKt saado a different 
ttgyOi?ia«mt with the akttonsi^y, naia^ly, that hts net^s 8h©ai«S fee fecial 
"by the a^ttome^ "In eser©^," net to h^ deliver©*! t® plaintiff until 
th» aeecaats ia ilap^to betw««a th«s had b««n settled, sw^ pursuiint 
to thio tho d«f«nds*it reeeifed tha satisfaction pisoo and r»l©ii»« 
of ttes prior ja-^.gmfent. 

It 1« a well «3t.mfelish©4 riile that one who dsaia -^Ith 
tm attorney .an4 know* th« liaiifcation of fdm aathorlty is feoaad 
thCTO'by snd eannot roly @a any aet f th« attorney whieh h** k&owo 
is feeyona tho ssop© of thl« aut:ority, Xioohoameyer v. ¥»p^aT l^j^ . 
ns in., STt; ^ijw..sl^f,r v. ?it^,g?fie\4 ,,%&,» Go .. S04 111. 145; 
IfiSHltesM '^. Miosis* iS8 111. 304; Meaeh*® on Agency, aad «d., 
TQl. t, ^«r, ai63, 

A notion to v^cikte a jaSf^isent araot h® feaooA on fequit- 
aV'l^ QonsideratioriB. It roull hp far fres-- oquitabio to ©^rialt the 
defendant to aaalntain his fiotien upon th$ ground that h« et^ouf ed the 
releaae froia plaintiff** attorney hy p^rau&^tng the attorney to 
give it t© hie on ^onrtitiono eontrsry to the fUreotiona of plain- 
tiff. 

the foregoing reaeoa ie suffi.leijt to affirm the order 
of th« court, an?J it 1» anrseeeasary tor us to Uscuaa the eaaes 



•'" '-y! *:X;."' %r'.""^ 'r:'*' t :\yt'^°XT ~i 






Aim ^nt^lttt « #«»« ^ 
o# ?tj.f at- 

*-1«J!fi»'l.«<J fjISf! ,^'»r^'^-^« '" >^' ^' iv-tw^i»>:r _i;i■/^• 



;?H iiir : ■ a^ ?js^? ®. 



a'SfQISjl f-A t'i.K'Yi^ "•'T^V^'tt'**^ 



rrfti*:"^?. 



:-X0*i««>^ tii^l* <: '■•v^'» 



diatl&ifrTuishlau th« effect of »«<?. 16 of ths £^9get.ia'bl« lBotTi*ia«nt« 
Aet, 9)riieh provl^eu Umt aadftr certain cirevisast »«€!«• "the A«ll-?flry 
maj l>a sixawn t« fcav® be«« esiisU lienal ©r I'or «. Brswcl'a.l ^-urt^eus ooXy, 
aad net far %h0 furpoas of trae elsarriag tb« property In th« Inatru- 

UQ-^htiTtt in tfce aJfflda-vit d0«B 4efe«.'im'Jt allege that 
lie 4o«B n&% ow« ^l&ifttis'f tihe amoiiiBt oi meaey I'or which th« Judg- 
•ent was s»tep©d, Neither d©«8 b«» offer to r©»tor« the plaintiff t© 

%fe© c^Editifta te<» «a© la V^efere d®ilr«rl«g th« r«slea«t an?! gfttlefse- 
tlsn ©f th« -prior .Ittdfjaffirst, It -w-^til^i not fea fair to fffr®lt •'fti'end- 
ant t« rataifi ths MTar«t-s^«! ami e«3Bslfl«ratl«ii 1s« recelT«^ for de- 
l.tv«rieg vfeii seiet atiA at t.b« sajat ti»e r«lieve h.ia from olsliga* 
ttoa th®roa«'itr, 

for th« raattgns afeove stat«S, «re lisl^i tfest, th® ot?Imp 
of the trigO^ ^ttds|« *ii0 ?sro|i«r Ji%n1 it Is affirsae^. 

Mftteb^ttj F. 1., arid JolsrsBt^i, J., ooaeur. 



^Bf-iT ayifiii*. <>tk «•«!) i\r0hi 




^22 - 3Q6S4 

\ 

VB, I i ^' 

' '"* 01? CHICASO. 






4 1 isA« 6 



fh# %ri«f of the 4#fe«4ajrat8 fil^di herein •iigg»»«t9 tKat 
If attor>.«sy8 would read suad fslJow oarsfuliy s»r Hale 19 It votjdd 

W« gath«ar» fe0weT«j', ttoat this w»s a suit fer ^jwiagea 
foy an alleif^d fertiarOh ©f ©©Rtraot» 'sfeei'^by pl.*lKtiJT agr»ed to 
cell ^a(i A^fmalSkiitn to btsy e«rtmla r^tH 0®ta.t« lis C«'bi6Jk^. ^Iv* 
l*^'aBAr«4 dell.'irs »»• paifJ by the (iefeii-laRt© aa fl'safiest Bioaey, rniA 
d«f«r.4aj'-it« filed a claitt «f i9«t-©ff far t^ila, L^ok i;rial Isy the 
cdurt plaintiff ha4 4ttd.;^«nt for ISOO, 

ffce e^ae was trlM Bomewhat Inforiosiliy aa* t^^er« ware 
fitiro»r«<«a errera ifith r«f®rs»Ree to tti-e r«lifig« en th« admlastfeility 
ef tsattj-aoisy. W» are ©I' -fh® ©slnles tha,t the ju't^'^'at entered 
eauraaet st^nd, &n4 &s tlis a-'*so was tri^jd Isy tbe «ourt, 'girop^Tt 
Jii4^e»t will >»« «?it«tr«4 hcsre, 

SoBs«tim« fcgfor^ the algRinf^ ©f the ©ontraot tli* «!«- 

f«R4ar,t» g&Tt* Leula HyKaw sBd 1, St-epaneky, jr«al estate Tcrokera 

Ib CJhlea^e, l^iO a« & ieeeait en the purs^'aa© of ths pTQpaTty in 

therefor 
ta»stien, im^'i theit unAatsd raeeipt/containM t.h«» eofiUtion that 

if tije buyers could uel seeuro * bull-ilng loan for #65, too witbln 

t^tirty d&ya, tbsy «oali r«c«iYe the deposit bt^ek. i^ubaaquently , 

although i^w long after ta ludefinlt*, th« oontraet 1» quest io« waa 

«x«out#d, whleh raeitera %iisk% #5a© Jias basn paid a« eia>n#at ssowey 



fv^^ 



»S^/i»^:: 



ifi.,-v,i/: * ^<!?.. 



ij •! - i^^il 



*-itS r 






■r^igWiif' 



'»':«X1 



aad tTjat »b9uld tli« j»«rehaa«rB fall to porfora th© contract Rt the 
tiJKfs and &azin«x thtrsiu specified thn e»rn<»8t asoney sKoyl^ be re- 
tained 1>y the vendas* a« liquliated dfwajstges. 

Plaintiff a8Sf«.rtB that th« p«reha»«r« fail©! to carry 
®«t the GoatPaLCt mi4 tliat l3t« 1ft e»tltl«4 to retain not onXy tb« 
!§&& ae iarfiag«8, but &Xm In »d4itlo» te xeeover i^rhateTsr ]h« h&a 
bs«a (liswagsd. H« iBtrodtjea^ «Tia«jiC« &tt®iaptiEg t© sl7«w that -with- 

la » short t!«« rifttr tli« e<iBtr»et -was ma4« at thie pMreVias* pric« 
of |8I54:>0, th«? ralu« ©f tte* pr^sf^rty dftelin©*?- to |7,Cm;'0. fhe f^eftweft 
was that the cofii.'litlRBa in tb« reaeipt glviua by th# T^al «atat« 
brokftra w«r« 9®*-* ©f tji** eoRtraet, aud as th« fyirchaatr© ijfur© not 
able t© »©eurK si 'bull.'liaii losarj fer I^S.OOO, th© whoi© d®*! i»%ji off 
mmi they ir«r# <Ratitl®d te ree©t?e bask th« #80© «stme©t j«o»«y, 

1^«r .snawer to pl^ietiff' s slai® ia that It vr» agr«@di 
by tJi.« |>M'tle» by ths twKaa ©f ths oontract that th«> i§QO was t© 
be r«taiB0d a» Xi(|iii4ei.t<»4 dstsaag®* sad, '^.ilQ it is trt?,<* thjat ucdef 
e«rt@^ia eir«-vmsts;me«« this i0«« ia©t sulisray* jKi$amjr« th® a^wust of 
daas^se, y«t plssiattlT f&ilfi^ »uff ioimr^tis^ i© prov« hhat b** ewf- 
f«r«A ©ny addlti^isai 4amiitf»a» Slit testimosy of the deprteiatioB 
©f th« pr«®i8«B wlttelu ft few wetks after the Q©Rtr»€>t faile<} •« 
cemj>l«t©ly th«t it cmrm&t "ba eo8«iS#r«d »« |>r©of. It alsd jap»j«9ir» 
that jslaintlff *HA not ewn the aroinarty and hie int«r»»fc therein 
is «nsiffiir>jat ie^«f lnit#, ««? tt^at it ««c?5et b^ ,8%4<! with »my Aeigreft 
©f ©«rt«iRty thi^t h^ suffer «€ R»y actual <Saaj.ag», 

As to the A«f®p*!iMits* olala with rsigard t© tk« effaot 
of the r«e«l|»t of th« re^I e&tat« brekere, it is ouJTlcient to ssy 
that its terms sbA «!0ii4iti«B» beesiia,® merged into th*! eorAtraet ©f 
th© pajrtlea, mid in th»t eeatraet thffe sale ie net coii-:?itton«4 upas 
aay buil Hag losm to b« proeitred by tb« p«rcha9»r«, Tbe ecntract 
is d«ft«it« fljsdl sB^eifio that the |S00 earnest money i« to b« re- 
tained by plaintiff If tha Furofc^ara fail to ^t>nnwm&%e zhe aal* 



ooeerd'lHg to t&ft ttrssta ©f th® e«n»trik«t. Xhia pro-fisioa 1» incon- 
sistent iwitfe !,md ifeusfe iti-evstii ov«r the ©®iiditlo»» eootalu^d la 
t}a« receipt. 

STsusj*® iRi &v/m<&. dlsewaiBlsuB a® t«» ■n*hi«jh ©1* the p«Mrtle» 
Was first irx tiefattit, mt tl;€ye is waffi client «vld«ri0» t© juRfclfy 

slsned hy the inafe-ility ©i' tfe«* 4#f®ritli«mt3s to @"irry it throM^. 

tltl«<S, to 4««l^«tjst. K« has ti3.« #§€ii eisuriiii^t :s©iu*y retain^*?, a» 
il<|uldated datffisig®©, whlc:-; is .j^ai h@ i® ^-stitlM t©. 



E«t«jh«tt, F, 1., an4 fohastsR, J,, mncut. 



*fl»f»«ft a» i(«r«.i!»>v*^« «i4n'9«#i» 






l*:,l.v^'.f. 1^^. 



, «©;j««i,-- 



.r>«%s^ir0. 



.yvt'-'' 



S49 - S0611 



M.MEf P&BJa, 



VS3. 












,o- 



iK. ^ti-sfiei jie®uRii.Y ,i»^LivHHiiJ 'fm omwrnw oi wm cotiKT. 



flmintlff a«d d«ife£i'tojs,t while ?irivSjctg their retpeciivt 
•■atoaoTSllft* C0llld«i* at j» wtreet liitffir«6Cti©». Plaintiff "feyeueltt 
««it, eXl^ging that dtftmimitH 39«'glig»Bfj0 eaae^'d tfet aecl*5<8SBi '#ith 
«»«t»iBg ts^agee t© Isle aatomeliil*, im.<i ©is tria3. fc#f©r« a ;Jttr.y had 
ft ■r«»ydl«t for |t6S.!58. From tb« judg»<mt thtr»o» aefen4ar.t apoftal*. 

This, ©©llisioe ©ceuTrftil at tl^e lnterc«otion ©f Srandoa 
«v»!?tB# sTiS S:rai»-Byd air®»««» l» OBteagc. BraR^ltsft naif north nn^ 
«e«t% SE'I lr«.laar4 0afoss*» It Hs^snnlly, mnrln^ aertJ^'ss'Sist^yly ®n4 
»o«thea8t«rly. The «vi"S«!Rc.» t*R<1M te sfcew tl^stt ©« l>i!Cftm1>«r SI4, 
If 84, at ^iMi p, M. , pl%intiff was drf-rlnfc >.;is car 8cv?,t>s ©n Br&ni©a 
»▼«««« at afe^wt tsist ©r t-^elir* !siii«?» m\ b©ur. Tipgjj rsaohiag Bralamr* 
lift Ibroui^rtt hl« eskT to % ®t.©|» 'yfl a%w 4«fe«d«k«t'» at3t'.'r.of lit »ip?roaeh« 
lag on BraiiiM,r4. tvcm th,« «»8t. it waa than «il^out feiit- hun-^tred fe«t 
aveiy, l»lAi»tirf gti*2"t®€ hits cs* t© swing siMit i/ite Brainara RT«&tta, 
"b^it 'Btesii be r«a-«;'h^«l tfe© c®nt?*r XiB« of Eraiafird d«f 0n«««rit ♦« car 
j^proached «tt ^ sp#6?a ©JT laor® thsaa t-s^enty asilea an hour, fh«« aboat 
tw<»i5ty faet awsky fi^o'a plaintiff's c«r d«fendmit's ©sr went o-vtr to 
th*» Bfjuth k1<.3« ef Brain«;rd av«iiue, strtJulng piatntiff »a eaar. ri.nii*-. 
tiff t«Btlfiea that deffHidtait ^a.^ iE,t©xi©ftt»4 at the tiiae. ^Aaether 
witR#«a t«-stir.l«f^ that defeiidaKi'B car waa trftT«>lii3g- aloag BrainskT* 
at fhff rats? of forty mlleg an hour, md that It o#v«x alaekc^nail 
.ms il %»i5r©aeh(i«S tht int^retetlois. I>»f«ndast t©etiri«(! tfeat wfe«n h* 



^0 8 ,A..I 1^2 



hm If*'! 



>*<n!«d'r 



■ii»i»-OJtSil^ 






whloh tiiee iie -fraia thirty or Icrty fuRt from Br&Jidoti avwnuei} that on 
««ei»g f laliatif f • B car ftnterlag Braiti&yf! aYtftnu* he appile* th« 
l6yQ3ir«(« ©» Ma jKaebin*, hMi.t it gklddad .saa4 atrttck fl&ie.tifl'»» car; 
«i»d tbiRt tfes r^swl wan a 9!?#«?t ©f Iq«, 

Wliaetl:'^!' tht i8.0isfi'i5««t was ea\j.se<l ©olt^ly by tii® n*gli- 
gtttee ©f Aef^Hdant *a« for th« Jury to 4«ter83lii«, and upea tb« 
r«e®r4 ws o^nsiet say that U?,ffiir ©©nclueioa waa not justified, 

fartbtrrt^re, by virtue of t!he »t.?it::wt«, f>3.%lntiff wae 
«ntitl«d to th« right of way over ^,®f«&d®jcit'ii car, G)?,ftpter 9f>«A., 
««c, 3-5, &©t©r ¥®M^1«! Law, Illinois Statute* (Sabill); fjr||JLIjg& 
^» SJIgllsMIS.» ®®S III, %p, ^Of } l|UiistitSi!Si V, tlatUtt ^®» 
8t5W, ©fl.M©a filed is tbia oQart 4©r41 13, 1$25. 

fb« ©tt»« w&« fairly tFiftd asil tfee JtisSgiatnt meet stand. 

AFI'IHK.iB. 

Matobett, !*♦ J., 3J34 lehasteu, J,, eesettr. 



Srt^ T' 



.•!;•; ^M ,zr ttti^ 



siMl-i'U. 



S90 - 30S6 



\ 






V». 



CKICMO BAli,"^^'* eOitFAlsT, CTriC^ 

mmn Chicago a^^f^^'AT qoh^^^, aaa 

tTs« fSPTTTraRS StM|St lAlLf^t fOMyAKT, 
'if pell SB te. 




\ mmf m COOK cf)»)»'n. 
) 



41 I.A. 604 



I. j0Sf xcs Mestms^T laiTiEMis Tm ^fimm of mi coimT, 



S«airie« ;H, S.s^lTSifigr, thea slightly ;»v«r nineteeii 
2r<sar8 of a-vA* ofi febs js^rnlng of Mur*^ 30, 1923, while eros&lng 
from t:;« east to Ut« inaitt slA® of aiarit street, sit tfat lnt«$r8«c- 
tl@B of 'ti)ti»eaui.G ava^ue, ij& OMeago* '^a>e struolc by a south 
betaGm^ strict sar of tht d^feBla/^ta an.'l so lrij^r«d that sl3.e died. 
S«1P aiSjilBietratrlx fertugbt salt t© rseoTtr ^aKs^^g©* aa^ upon trial 
l»y ft Jary had » vsraict aiid Ja«?®saimt for llSoc-. J?efsn4ar.ta ©on- 
t«».'t that tfeftr* ebo^'l be a rev ai' sal far t':«5 raaacrn that th« ver- 
diet Ib ceKtrstry to th« ]prttp©B':^6rai3,c« of the ©^<?.eBc«. 

t^e Bolft taetse i» en* ©f fact, Sl^MCk gtr««t nwi* 
Bsrtls !«j'S »o«t>; fiuad l^iixcemme «Ttr;\a^ lnt«r8«<sts It, r»jinnlng ««»t 
s«l 'w^Bt. Ife.e intersfJotloR i» ast straight, f«!r "fiirm««»c r^mriiug 
«a«t from Ols^k !» ««imt>-; ef th* street r>aijain.g west, frosn Gl»rk by 
a^ut the isrifith «f ftnaeEisa jt^®mi«5 that Is, t.h« a?>uth llnf> of 
tlfii3i«Biia.o av«nu<( west ©f Ulark 1» about eti><»9it9 th« north lln« of 
Wlaai^aaq aTerm« e»«t of Cleric «tr««t. 

FlalBtlff'ft Tsrsloa ta thst shile the iiatasttjitt ■«»» 
er»»eiBg ClarJt strett from $&st to west In the couth line of 
eftot^fly WliJK«E:ao a-p«»ue, js. s©«tfc-l??otxnd strs«t car with trailer 
***«u»fe»A al&isl:*^ BB^ »sBli#ti the 'Dr,ki:e9 at tha Borth line ef 



|x A ^ A 



w©«t8-rly Wirtn*>'^eo ftV«riM*» as if te ta^.« on ©(^me ^((»r9fin» ftt'ari^ljBg 
th«Ti>, but irint»^ ©f stopping 0TeK5««de5 at a apee^l ©f alsowt twenty- 

li«a.d, ;.jr.a fi^«^ afiBtiwtt*^ -asyoss OiArk tintil »tr->jeJK "fey t>'<3 »tre.*t oar. 

Jt very iP«r«ly, If c^vey, hmro^ns tsh&t the X'^Gtt in nfif 
dKit ca»9 cf Uiis ktedi ?w« in «Y®ry re»|!s*et iixaetly like th©s« in any 
othsr «&»©. T};!"? (^fm*rtl 5ritt€ilpl,«® %r« 's-sll toioim si«d the deciKiow 
In r«p©rt«4 aass«« »■?■? of li-^tl^ r^ivL^ to a s'eviewiKii court ie d«* 
t«rffiijiiiig iirh«t!r:(%ir ar net the «Yi«Je«i®© Ju»tifi««s the v^jr^iiet. 

This @sjs« Is |(i&imllajrly cl6«« on tMe f'-icts, the J\iry 
evidesstl^ <?*nelM«*^ that tJi« JKietorrsaii ■ra.a iiegltg«8at in ae sperntLrig 
tfet ejsar &a t© l^aS Bffiejr'tey ip#r«»$n« t# lSi»ll«'ve that it wats a^bout to 
*t99 ^tti*! th#», witt-,©is!t »t«fj>ine, j*iP0c««i?^iB.g at fall ©pe»* acr&es 
%k9 lat8T»e«ll©R, r<>^Si"!*;?le5B of t^:« tat*?i»tat«, 

ffe^th^r cr net tr« plaintiff's inl^«trit# ^ae guilty of 
e«3strt"bwt®ry B(&glig<sas# "^vjii? ^^l^fft j'ot the .l«ry ts -l)»t*ri7*iae, The 
>»-fftts®n%s of ths GAT, an-'i t>» r?ind eat»8in*,; tli« ir»t*(atat;* to fcni>a 
fe<*y fe^ad t'r.^s iEterf*3?lr53: witb hf*T ooBstt^t vl«v ©f th® car, eri- 
ilsntly inflvt^nm^i th% j-^ry to aoijuit h^r of eontributory nrgii^reno*. 

We are aot oal.l»i«! ii|j0x: to ex-prp^ss ©ur ©eiicluelcnB as if 
w* were gjttlng as jurora. t« are to i5eterfc>in« ©niy wfeetber or not 
the rsraiet ii sardil'estly a>g?\inst th* weigr]-,t of the rvi#1^r.©©, ?,x.4 
u&ltt«s W9 sEXi so «©riclu6o ^«! rill liot disttirfe ttoe iad/pRent. Dud«r 
all th« c*re-a5«-**ir.c©s ©f tb# ©ajs®, tr* have net 'besij atle to arrive 
«t an ©plaioM that \,h« record daaaii^Ss a rav&ra^, ond th© 4u-'jps«»nt 
is affirmed. 



^ilt' -i • .': 



CI-:...' >.:'.z-J;-\i . 






\ 



414 • T^Qfl 










Q7 COOK OC^SKTHr. 



:41 leAo 304 



m, mBtim MesafiiLf i»,iviai:9 %m qfi&ioh of fifs co^at. 



Mary 2-«lly fll«4 % bill of ©omplaiat pr&yiag for 
thft ei»ne«ll%tio& &f a, tru»% 4««4 $ai<S,. srem&TiBg of the sBsm« &» a 
do's!! ttp©« tH® titla of t)5,« fyQf«-rty co¥«r«dl Isj It, By «ya«iid* 
m^Bt fe«r l3y©th«y» lssjs.«e Tfeema* Kelly, wiat m&d» a party ©esstjlaln- 
xmtf ani* ?*ft*!r sft-ffeml ftirther a&:#a-r!m#Bt« ts th» bill tbe diafend- 
sasta Cfe«rl«« F. »• Mftcattlay mnii Payt©i3 J. 'Xtio'hy, trustee, «s«w«»r«?!, 
«a8,'f t?ie ^«|f»i5,4s(at Cfeaxleii 1, mfb^tnim nut appeatrlRg was d9fft«lt®«. 
A 4«CT*5« wae h(%a r«r.&ving tlNe lien of ih« trii,Bt 4®©f? ao a elouA ©» 
ttt« tltl# sm4 dirRGting thtit ttisslftiy ae truet*® exeetite n, rel«)a*« of 
*i8tl<^ trust 4«ea, -mfl tJpo» ,Ms I'allTjr* to <te s® that a ssast^-r In 
efe»rie«ry ®iir««'„it« ©uch r«5l8a«e. firoia this d«er«« defenvlants appeal. 

Xh® l»tll ©f ces&plalat allieges tfeat la So-rfiim'ber, 1915, 
Mary i;.«lly, \}»ing tine ©im«tr in fee istepie ©f oertftix« real egtate i» 
C©©lt County, Ilileoie, wr« mad© a^fsmdaiit in a bill fiift-l Ijb th© 
Superior f^vLTt liy laia«a themae Eslly, wh© allegtd that feakry E«Hy 
fe^ia a»ly the nak©d Itg&l title la truit r©r cartaia persons, 
l©T«@?ib«r 50, If 15, she r«taiKe<l Irtjetftia 5m4 i^aoaulay, attorney©, 
to r«9re»ent h?sr i« said auit, siBd g3,Y« thftia, in eongideratloB of 
th% 8®rvle«8 to hm js<*rf©rfe«^<1 , a ^«4gaii9Jt note for tlt<^^<^t Pfvyal)!© 
to h»r ©wa ordior lais^i «sRfi!orsfd "fey *s©r, aad a truet dond ©©euring 
th« n©t« ©cnT«yiag tfe© roal e«tat« In question. '.Thntein aetd 
Mae%%lssy fai.l«di t© r9t»rea«Rt lj«r ftri,? allotpod a door©© ^S^ eOKfogs © 






ic" V-J' O ojiria Jl. 



• «.r»»«jSi 



fmifk- i.^ 



..;'n 



t?s 'b« «nt8r«a n^ttinvl licr. Sfe« «"».« thertby forced t© employ ot>j«r 
&%tom^y«' t© trte the oas^ to the S«|ir«i»:« cowrt aax^ oonduet t!a« 

ll%l§a*i©ri tft » c©nel«sioB, "D^cttistear 5, 19:?<', l*;sie«kulay obtained a 
J«dgr3'^at f&T fl*?75 Ijy eonfesRloi't on «a..l4 not© Iri tb« CSircuit crourt. 
This Sxk'*m^n% Mayj K^lly had rs-openei! on Jami^'-sry 1.5, 19S1, tmd tih" 
tallied !«*«▼« t& file 'hf»r' ■plea, wb^^rsls she %lleg:«'-'1 the t^js^leyncmt of 
Sr'bsteia ;an<! Kaeaulay ae h«r i&tt©m«y» 1h the a^jpsrior oowrt pro- 
ceeding*, tJsf^ir failures ts rep,re»eiat h«r, sii4 th&t tfee e»»el!lffiration 
for ifee aste fesjj fail®4. On triad, 'by Jury o© loT-.^afe^y la, leas, t.h« 
j«€^@rit "hy ©©fjffifiiildr!, nf^e vaeata4 aisd J«^£js«»t in favor of U»xf 
&sXly e«t«r«S, which resamlne in TxiXl force. 

B«f«EidsRts mssert that Eary HelXy waa ie^JefetfA to thma 
for servl«ei! r«»n<!er«*5 th.k» line no empport in th^ r«ecrd, but as th« 
elaisB w^.» «-,dljtif5lc5^t©d- 10 the lim nuit in th« wlrouit aeurt it ia 
l^«t©ri^ titv. 

It Is al g!5 coatft^d^id lh«,t CiQm^ltAmmt^ ;;5id not terKl«r 
to the trt»«t«« )3ls; ehai'ges 'ffhae <-?#j;vfwnd far releaae of tbe trust 
i«s4 wa« ja!»4«, fSii« pelBt wa« net ral««^ "by mx&gisr sm.^i eaKnol 'fee 
yais#«! f&T tlk9> flrat tim® is tM» aourt. 

Tlhe !i0l« qttffisstloK t© %«» .iet»?rtsiB64 io: 3h«r« tha 
^efet, &9 «vtatfie«d "by th« n«?t« of H^xy JK«lly, has l5®an «xtingyt8b«4 
"by 3tt^LgPi««t, 6t3nn fbM li%n of th's trust A«od idY«j, to 3«otar« «aid 
d.«Vt r«ssakifi un^KtiJtie^idsJjt&dt 

It Is a long «6tabliah0d n*!© thjat th» dett is th« 
iprtneipal thing, m^ii tJi* mertgnice Ip 'teat th« incident. Hfej-ri, )! '«'• 
HJ^, SS 111., 44j gSJUMl ▼. feiS££. *3. III. 516; M^UMii v. 
MS»IHil^» U7 111.. 79; iittjjil^.Mill IBS. „Co.^. T. O^IMB.* ^^^ ^11. 36«. 

thfi record 8h0»?« that tb.« n©t« 'wsa extiagwlehed fey ^adgiaent 
ef th« €lre-alt eemrt, which effectually t>/.ira th« ll^n of the tru«t 
5©ed, "Itee a®cre® of tfee Cli?.iX3,c«li0r ©rdwrlng a releass ©f th« trust 
d«®<l -was corr*»et m4 i« th«ir«fore affirm«4, 

fetAtehffn, P..T. , aai J©)m»t«ii, 1,, «»B«mr. 






t'\^ 



.'^!<s- ; 



W *.; 



#(R« 



'S^jUS 



m^ • 3o'?7S 






£ OO^Ainf, 



I Appellee, 

I 



vs, 






A^PFlAl* MOM SliFKHlOE CCitmi 



' 24ll.ilo60 

la. JOStltSE ¥«0l«gl.T BUlflHSB fKl e.l»OTOK 01? fim S0\*=S5\ 

K(i-T«s*«r f/, lt?S, t>^« t*'»i'''fl'r»ce ef t'hc •*«^t>ri/»,'*.ct« Ik 
B«rarj«, C®©lf e©a»ty, IXlisetK, w&s da->sag«i hf flr«. fh© lees wa» 

ttff, i». t3*mtr«i<ifco'r, ■«.^ft.i5 (Riir^Jcyf*?^ t» ravt?»l5' the -l,'K5itj,**!!a, Aft'ssr %h% 
«ey& w»ts tittna lie. fniliHi t& v&str.iyriSi piapswiit astii l»ret!s:>^t milt ag^iest 
(Jftfea^'-aitte, ar^l upots trial hed »■ •ypr^let lor |1S31.7C •»ltb lr»t©rast, 

ly felffl d««laj?»tloti pi;*.lRl;ijrf a3.1«ge4 a, coctraot with 
d«i*«riasiit« te fttrssiah %b« u^tt&isBitxy labor qbS material « f^t rttpaii't 
fer |X€«I3.5©, ard "Ssy 5'jsether 6©uri* tha-t thf l«b©r sn4 aaterlaX* w«,r« 
Jfftftseaacly worth -fehat a&&iiiit, isM^ «»ei'ei5aii*it;» ^rojaisM t© pay. The 

tlift l3:&or «s>1 tf;a^e:eialfe fwre furni eife-d fey ft *% th« req««»t «r d«f *«.'.- 

*he labor ^-l jaalstriaAe »er<* Kiit of iR© ^aii?* &li«?(geil fey :^li/^utUf in 

sm4 th« Baterl*l8 wrrt iufsylor in <s«ality, 

1a« the r«r«Sict ffiar4f®atly sgsiiosi tb« w«lgV<t of tbft 
eTi4«»e«? XouBhiag th« e^usatiwB a* te ^fii© order#d plaiistiff te do 
th® work, it wa« «feowB tJmt .aft®*' th« ilr* Paal T. Belton, ao ad- 
Justes- jfor th« *lai*tl'yjrd lire Irssursuiee Co.«ft|»sariy, eail^di at th« hem* 









^ -2 «.?/!"■ 



sit: 



of d®f i=>nd?«t8 to wake as 6«tlsiat« of tb« fir« laan; thr.t ha 
there mat iisfenlsnt Arthar Lnnght^rat, and infomied him t^n% it 
wot? Id bt nee«tt!?ary far hia to furnish th® eraasnny with an 
ittMi«e«S ststtejs«at of %he loss. Ldnghorst r«plisd th t he 
kneiff nothing of suah !!i«tter«, and Bolton auggsBted the neawa 
of aeveral oontrnQt«r« -sihe me4« a »jKJOialty of r«]pairlng euah 
da!s«ne. ?>leintlff»« wmm "Nfingt one of these, Baltan, »t the 
request «f l^Tiftlmrst, lf?ft a Eseftr.i&ge "by telephone ^t TJl-niBtiff *8 
of.^isp f«r hira to «i;.ll ttpoti Lon?*huj'st. After^tmrds, fl?ilntlff 
▼i sited the d'?fpwr?Rnt8* reuiAenee and aafie s,n estiast* of vjha-t 
it >™owl<l ©09% t« mjUCe i't:^?iir», ^-sftsr 8«ewi n^.gotiati«as, th*? 1«9b 
was itlaa^d ett .$161©,9© and Liimphurst sipt«d tht ]?r«ofs of 158b 
trc|iRri^4 Tsry BoltOR. for the inTOraness eempany, ?h«r« i« oontriafiet^ 
of BYideaoe ss to n^i© ordered th« -^^rk ie«©, Bolton,, whe wea 
repr<?8i?ntlng the ing-uraace comps-B^, tfrotifieii thui th« insmr^t-itto* 
ooaipuBy ??id net el«?ct t« do the vmrU ©nd gR-r^ no or4©r« to plain- 
tiff; that L«nf,harst infora^d hi® thr.t h« h^d rRtnined the plaintiff 
to de ihe irerk. 0*Bonn«ll testifies^ to the sane effeet. H« sciyo 
thnt hs !8?eat through the baildinc ^th both c'effe^vitmts feR<l tosk 
m@inoranda as to the dismager in ois^eh roflaR «m«t satiB^fiitt' ntly wr.e t,©ld hy 
Longhurst th?t thie Wf^M »ntlsf».Qt«M7 to hia oad to "go aJho^d.* Thio 
1» d#filod hy l>tiiiigharat. 

The piaiBtiff and oth«r isritneitiios testified in detail ao 
to the lahor ^trtewmd ond tho ffie^teriftle fuxnRi8h«d Mid thtit th« 
*ar*t®fifel wse of goftd qttslilgr and the t!ork ¥?rK w»rkmexilike. T»-o 
•»p?rt« testified on behalf of tho def€nd?.»ts in greet deti^il« giviag 
^Mijr opinions to the contrary r,g to laac mt^lity of the work and 
aatirials* an-S iJofenafcjatis tOBtlfieEj thst ths work was poor. 

:ri«ti«tirf»» «riden«e tended to prorc thst thft csBtract 
frie« R^reed upon wis 11610, 9C end th t this ksb the fair roaeoni^blo 
m^rkot prios for tho rofalra. It w&s also shown th&t in tho 
yreof of Ql&im for loos filed l:^ dff&ndanta vith the insnrASOO 



-y- 









, t J.-iS'^ WJ?*;!" >;'i'l'^ 



;tf^ &^l 






«#i8"ia«f«i»*J[ -^ fc»la»^ «i; 



ri^iff^sift 



..f k.» r k ' 



The nourt fyftp'srly nuTsaaittafi theae '|tt«»t?.03ia ^f faat 
to -aie lury, which /irawd fer «laiiitiff . Thia fjsnclnaion will 

MOt >«} sft atfida wnlesf? i^ oasi nwy it la 3!!iimlf*<»fitl7 ngaittst t*» 
weigiit of t^fo -ayid^nee. Th*^ jury feai s*w eppartttnlty nttp«rl«ir 
to nuffs t« paaa upon tli» «J'«*4iMli^ f»f "^h*? \fsitM«a5es *««! -*;« 

tritt«a if^oerd 1>«for«s uu, ^'? o^its-^?*! n^ tliat -fhij Tfrdist iraa 
itec^V^pfiT ms4 Q%T%n.inlf m s^nmot 5jal^ Hint it is miTSif ".atly 
aantT^iVj t© tha -sFfflight of th'S ariil'iii-ce. 

3#f«>ni'1ant$ ftttencpt'^''^ ^0 aho* try the Oflnion ftvii-j^ust 
9f t*a «*^©iPt ssltii©3a«5 th5v,t Xiw TalM« af tU© »<»rlc ■vm Xens th.sin 
piaiatiff el*Sja«d, 'taat ^Isj^istloni! tls,<jr«t9 's^ye smstaiswt. it -ym* 
vlrtui'liy Mat eoiB.tJ»9Ttrta«f thwt plsii»tiff mads the ri^feire «ii* (^44 
tlie "tori: Kha'sa in hiss setiies^te flrtst isjads and lii» S«T«»iei« &«!?««• 
fHitntly 3«sBt to <!!tf®R4r-.iit©. Thi» s*i».«s 1b dstull t^e -wj^k <?<«»'«*» 
mnd it w»»ld lisv« 'bt-«-» freper t» haerc ba^, isatRlifi^A '^tjritsseff sriT* 
their ©i^lnlsn ae td tlj« ftlr &ad ytrs©yi«%l« r&lM.^ 9f tteis r^jrlt; 
tat def«nda3st8 ^Idi «^t ©ffer t© 1# thie, feat setig-M tbs «fl?!lsr of 
-seltnetra* as te th^ vslwt ©f r#y|r ^s.te'l t»iM9B t'Sie -^ttl^ssee i»7>lnlfts 
of s?hm% ■^'^rk'^^n 4,«»f», "bis-^sd upftn mn in&peetii&n m&d« »rieYeral a!«?Kth8 
fitUv tb» wrle-5i?a« e6«|jX«>tn^., ttocii? opinion » tli«>ref©r«, nsi to 
t^luee wi:.,£A not uis to tLe t'ork .-sctsuRlly ti«n«- lay |j,l».intlff , tswt np9n 
the ef>Bva.usieR«j of tto® ritaeas'eB p^u t« wlif»-t wfk <?«n«- Tbesp csn- 
clK^ione di<l ftfti e«iBei«» 'i-lth t*ie u»dlstmt®t^ te?tlK»isy -s t« «i*tnt; 
plsiRtiff acttt^Hy AI&, Tax Instsaee, plaintiff *8 InTole** Eh«»8 in 
detail i«»yJc #»n« in t.h« dialnK r©©»;, Ttw; 3SM»ifHep«i»ilttai «»f j<.n expert 
witness, istr©<^ce4 fot* l^.-jntlfle^ittoa, omits ?".«y r^^f t-ren«t t<? tlsw 
«*i»i«<'- y»^», Tfels opinion eTl^«««« sa to raluee sfeould hay© lM»9a 
feased Upsa th« f etis ^hmm hsr tfe« eviiMiae nr*^ n»t r'^at ttpen tlw 
mer# apl>'>i0fi «r til© iRitn«B0«a ttis t« t!i« facts, flis «b.i'scti«»a were 



.;;!?>?; 






*■- 



It ims net rerersible error to «w&liid« t«o photogrttpho, 
tftkoii 88BH» Months Ifjter, of eortaln plaoes whores tho pla&ttr had 
poelod off. Thor<g w&b no dispute aa to Idio «2istenee of tliOJiO 

plftOcfs. :^l&intii'.£^ himeelf te»tifi«>(l ^.s %o thi« tm^ ©aid that ho 
h&A off«r«dl d«?^f«ndjiats to |mt th^so places in goo<3 condition* The 
photogrsiph@ >^ui4 haTO ad^ocl nothinj^ to thf^ aomittted fn^etn, 
i^r\ii0ttmr& t the Tordiet was for «om«sthi&g ie8» than the comtrrtct 
price, emd it is &. fair inferonee th&t the ^ary <i«<ittat®d something 
en aeoount of thi» inperfoet piSLi&itioring. 

XTndlsr oro8@ oxtf-jiination /^rthur Lexiglmrdt testified tiotat 
ho h»d «« arrfeRgemeat tdlth tho Hart*oriJ /ire InearKisce Coiap»*Qr 
gu&i'isiistaeing irUs s^aiastt lii^ Xoo^i r^^iting frifm. thiis aait* AO 
• general role, @sp@oiaily in peroo»&l iia^vf o^j^os* it ie reY«r» 
eihXe orror to inforai thi@ Jur^r that tko •i<^f«;nd£mt io in«ur«<ai ag&inet 
Xoes* Mo^oT&r« in this @at>e it vks iaip@eiaiihlo to iurop out tho 
inter«»*t of the Martfordl Fire inatiraneo Company in tho oait* 
£}«f®n4uata th@ig»eiTOs pr«@ent«d thp, i^f«ns0 th«st pXt^intiff *a eon* 
trs.ot was with tho inottrsnoo eampuny, ?he oompany*® adjuster, 
BojLton« properly ifsstified ».n to the d^m&gow and tho a^eeKKint of 
the inoursjr^o® tit^mp&x^ as to tho ^isiount of tho loss, thio e^tfth* 
iishe^ the fact that tlefendsnto* policies iB the ins^r&noo Qnmp&nf 
pro too tod thesi i^Ketinet los ., bo th^it the te tiatony of JLongharot 
roolly told no things in thio connootion whioh did not already gppo^r 
tv&m th® evldonoe. tinder the ei reams tanooo, ther® was no narttful 
orror in roo^ivinf hio igtotoa€«nt. 

Althooigh the rulings of tho oourt upon instruotioao aro 
orgme4 at gro&t longth, «o find nothing therein eo pr^judioisil «o 
to require a roTersstl. Taken »s » ec^riee, they fairly in«trttc;t 
the ^ury &n to the l&o opplioahle to the ieoues* 

there io e%Vmd«4 eo»ploint of the eonduet and T«m».r1n 
of tho ooart in the proBoneo of tho Jury during «ie progrooe of 



«^ 



#nifUaoo «sU euiii(f ,|i*«i Iftift. ■■.-•i.^-.^'^i'n/v 

i"s#^ui»'*<| it.*TX««"i5(?4Si> 3r#«.*feK»'l:«Ci 



the triftl, fikfs tvinl Jitd^s tm» apT>«Lr9iitl7 «<»aie««)iat inpatioBt 

idth the uBiiaa«S£iary l^Hf^th of tiB» conmutt? d to try the e&s** 
^eh inp&tienea ma^ 1>e sxa&nBble, Tsat even uaider tht nest 
trying eireumst^nees |)r«!$i4ing judg«s should » «nd indeed rtrj 
rertXy frail te« refreiB fren c«)8tMnt8 e^leulated to influeae* 
the jury Improperly agaliist on© aide or th« other. w« ho.TO 
•Kaaiaed with ear« th# (t<>ll0ged |>reju4ieial r^nmrks of the oourt 
8iid» irhilo we oannot ^pproTo of OT^^rything a»ld» y«t th«r« io 
nothing 00 ia^ortstnt ^» to Is&d uo to the conelusion th«it th« 
defendant* did not hare a fair trial. i&4€*i of ^at was »eid 'fey 
the tnmrt wes induced lay the i^pparent dioi^jeiiion of tito 
ftttomey for dsfi^ndentiS to engsg^e i^ 60urt in aolloqc^ and 
flirgmoBt. Thia eae« should not h&rff tslten thre@ or four d^yo 
for triikl. and euggeetiOfiS of tho i^urt tending to oherten tho 
tiwi «ill not h@ di8eottra|^d« 

Other fointB ere siade eritioising rulings u|ion tho 
tri«kl* hut they &re «i<^»ut eub^t^ntial Bi@rit. 

The yerdiet wsas eaiply ;JU'J>tifi#d hy the ^Tid©n«« and 
oe tho errors upon the trial were f^t of a ehiBrRet«r to require 
« reT@re«d« the judgBfl»nt i@ affirmed* 

Ajfwzmmm* 

Matohotta P. J.« etjsd John&ton* S», ooneur* 



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S7 - 30279 



Defendant in S-r, 




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'«^« i / ) mmoTPkh oomt 

a Corp., :. / 

/ 



OF OBiSAao. 

41 I.A. 604 



Opinion filed March 10, 1926, 



m, pmBimMQ ^mnm fs.s«sos d«*iiT»red the 

0plBlott of the ©ourt, 

By tblt writ of error the defea-iant corporation 
s##k:s to reverse r ;Ju4gp!eBt for |.i,0S?,50, recorered agatast 
it by th© plaintiff Bnrbex in the Mtjnicipsl Court of Ohicsg©, 
fhe i88iJ«8 w«re subotlttttd to a Jwy sad tto« judgaient followed 
a verdict for the plaintiff, ^rber broufifet this action to 
reoorey tfee fealanee he olaimed to fee dte on a promissory 
note, executed by tfe« def^adaat «ader dat* of Febrixary S, 
X9S4, »nd dm« on Auptat 1, 1924, to tbe ord«*T of '♦a?»rTey 
$. suftd Gti&B, k, P«rd«e* aafi c^ndorsed by ttiogte t'^o payees in 
blank, fhe pi&iBtlff testifle.1 that he receir«d the note fTOM 
the P?tr<le«« on th^ day before it ■m.e due, - Jtjly 31, 1934 j 
that they were indebted to him to the extent of approximately 
HB,0(X?, for money he had advanced to p«ty insUT®.nce preniluaw 
th# F^rdees ov«d{ tnd thsl; the aote soed upon ««.« given to 
hia as •'additional oollgteral'* to the notes of the Pardee*, 
repreaeating that indebtedness to the olalntlff. The plain- 
tiff l«tej r? oelved payments on tisfi note from th« defendant, 
redueing it to the amount recovered in this guit. 



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In furttocr explanation of the el rcnMstS'.noe® under 

wMch h# tools. th« note la suit, tli© plaintiff teetifled 
that h« had advajaoed approximately |1S,000 for premiuaia 
due on |K>lioies of insurant© on tbe lives of Hsrvey S. 

Pardee ^d OMrles A. Psrae-e, isswed &y this ojfflpany of tchiob 
the plaintiff «»g i^e geia«r®.l ag«nt ia Ohlcmg^i and that 
tfee Pitrde«s8 #w®d kirn tfeat iioaey, -and, ht wEtited to secure 
th»t debt with &dSlti©iial eollatere,!, "and tteat Is why that 
B0t# was turned over to a«, * * • j aoaepted tb© aensral 
tetosottvt Oorpor&tion note as <9sll&t»i^l "I© iasur« the 
paymtat of tla«lr ©i>llg»tl0a,,» 

In %h^. Q^iTBtt of tl5# 0i^©s»eit®s:inatloR of the 
plaiBtiff by 00ian8«l for th^ defeiidi*rit, h« n®.© asted vhat 
i8\ibs«<im«ntly beos,®g of tt?.® a©t<Ni -f the Par <?.!?«« whloJi h« 
bel<l and o$ whii* he took tb,® sote in sruit as additldnal 
<?ollater&l, and h« answered that tlj«iy?irer« * sul>««<?netitly 
returned t© the Fai?d©«s» as li^i«4&t«d«* Ke wa.s then 
sakea whmt the eimmicle ration was for the giving up of 
these Pardee notes toy him, and he aasirered: *fhe oon- 
siderss-tion for th@ giving wp of 1iiC»8« notes ifs,« th# tmns* 
fer of oe^rtaiB property * * • tbe Hi^land Fark propetty, * * * 
whtdti waa de^&»d t& h»}» that thes« |>erci«e notes ^j.-sieh fe# 
h«ld constituted the ^wnslde ration for that dee^l. In other 
words, he testified that after the IF^rdees gave his their 
notes for thit aidney he mlA out for then in saeetlng their 
Inewranoe preaittaa, th©y took up %hom notes, not by pay- 
ing iferher thsir amotjnt in «a«h tout by oenveying ©ertaia 
Highland Park real estate to hla. 






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W« *3r» thia <l»y banding dova oplMon* in two ©ther 

«»»«« - 1^0415 a»d> #S084S - bct'R^ft^n the sa«e partiei, on t«ro 
©thi^r Tsot«» ©xecMtect by tbe defencl&nt and heia t>y the plain- 
tiff, jJitlioui^ a€pEr&te abstrasts featr« toe«n filed In each 
of these three G^aee, a sotian to ooasolldate the oaecs for 
hearing kirs allowed, ttna the Te«pe©tlT« parties baye fil«(3 
!30ii6olldy&.t©d briefs odirerlag all three oaeee, la ^fblofe re- 
fexeno^s &re made preeilseuausly to ^e eTid&Ect eontained in 
ea^ of the ^ree Teooxdm, However, we m&y not consider, 
la the deelsloa ©f aay one of tiseae oases, acy f@.cte root 
9'h@«ti by tli« e'8'ldenc# pf€s«at«^ i» that c!&.f;e# 

It sppeairs fr®» the evldfaee preserred la the 
record of tlkto ea,8e that ftfter the plaintiff recelred the 
note la suit frsas tbe Fa^^^ees, as collateral «ec«rlty for 
their aote« already held if hi«, the i^tte of thm Purdees 
were llquld»ted ^ nd takea -ap l?y them, by seime of the trans- 
fer of oertaln real estate fro® them to Barber, there l« 
BOthing In thia record, st'.owlag or tencaing to show, th®t 
S^rber iield the note in suit by tmy claim except as oollateeal 
to the Pardee aotee. It doee cot ©ppmr fro® the evidence 
la thia reoord whetl^er the X'ardee notea were llquid&t€Kl be- 
fore or after this eeee irae iastituted by ^rber, l^e 
eYldeBoe tMt ims brought out in the other oases betireea 
t*e»« f&xtlee, referred to fefcev«» belag to the effect that the 
F&rdee aotee, ^biob were held by Bsrbert were liquidated after 
the Inatitutloa of the (^ee at Imr, the defendsnt ©&lle our 
Ettentioa to a eeatence in 31 dye, 83S, to the effect that 
"if, after the flllag of «i suit by tbe pledge^ags-inat the 
i8&ker« he 1« paid the «» uat of bis debt aad ooste of the 



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•tiit, he le ftOt entitled to further jiaintaln the euita* 
the oaly cst^e elted by tfe© author in support of thet 
pirop0sttion i« Matth€w» ▼, gaatey. 48 S, 0, 58a, This 
ease is also rsfprred to by counsel for the d#f«*n''ant 
ia their iMrlef. Tb»t oas« was tiased upon t. sect Ion of 
tli« s©uth CferoliBs. cede, reqiilrliig tfeat ereiy aotiern 
aust be breugbt and *pros«cuted» la tfee affime of the 
real fi&rty ia iat@r@3t, e^eoept as ot)i@rwise f^roTide^ la 
%h^ eod@. 

It wa« |ioiat«(t ewit "fey tlJls court in ^^.mmQn v« 
H«a» 9 Hi. A|ip» S5t# timt the ruls affording full 
proteotioB to a pled^s®, taking negotiable i^p«r aa 
eollateral B«cisrlty for a debt, «-nd giving bl» tfe© 
statiis ©f a Violder in due ©otirse of sueh paper, only 
extends to the saotaat of tlie Aefet secured, *lf, i^s 
b«tw««a th« origlnfi.1 geitlee, tfef^r© is k tcfenss on the 
wsrite.* It waa held in JsHliSE-T* MoOliare. 36 111, 490, 
^^'^ woa-oeeter National Ijarjfc. ▼ . c?h€>eniiy. 87 HI. iOS, that 
©n€ taking oo?E??»®roial ps|>®r before its aaturity, as seoiar- 
itf for a pre-existing cLebt, sfiall be deemed a holder 
for vs-lue Rnd in dne cotarse, ^nd therefore, not subject 
to defp^naes between the original partlee, as to ^hloh the 
holder had no notloe. But, s® pointed owt \3f Daniel in 
his rork on Keiirotiable infitrxMents, arti<At ®3S, *wlien 
it appears tbat the bill or note ufas a<^uired by th« 
holder ae <»ll&ters.l seeurity for & faebt, and be is deeiaed 
entitled to reeorer u|»on it, he is still limited to the 
ttBOoat of the debt n^ieh it seeures, ^ there be a yslid 
defense ajv^inst its traasferrer , being rej^arded as, at all 









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■m'^%^ 



-5- 

©▼ent, a too-Bf fide holder, and entitled to stand upon a 
better f ootln^^ only grp j^sjate," citing c&eet, Tb»t ymm 

the ruling of tbls omirt in Qjf>.mmon ▼, tiugf. gjupra. 

It folloirt that If thf-re is a couplet© defense 
to the ttote 8u«d vipan, &» bet^^ften tbeoriginf.l parties, 
namely, the d«ft»aant md tli« Pardee*, the plaintiff, 
holding this note as oollftter®! security, occupies the poet- 
tloa of a holdtejr ia due eoiars© ©nly to th« extent of tb# 
debt dti0 hi® from th« Pardeos, as repxtsented. by their 
notes to bi»; and if those aotrg h&va been liqBid&tftd and 
extlnguishod, @,s the eiridtsnoe in thi@ reoord obomi to be 
the oase, the plaintiff crould thfl» recover nothing txn thle 
note txom the 4efena&nt m^ker* The question thea is: Old 
the defen'aat have suoh a defense on this note as agdiinet 
the origiasl payees, the fuxdeee? 

1% is the eontention of the plaintiff that the 
de^fendaat h&e not in its pleading interposf'd any defense on 
the Bote gttsd upoa,. either as a^inet Sarber or as against 
t&e Psrdtes. in ite sf fidavtt of aerlte the defendaat alleges 
tliat m.% the tiae the PmJfdees enderted and delirered tbe note 
"to tfee plaintiff, the P«trdees were, and tfeey still are, ia- 
dp|»ted to tlae dftfea?>.aa% for ^*3nty illegally idthdrsiim toy 
tbi^ in the guise of s&l&ry to an extent greatly in exoess 
of the a.sso«st of tbe note, fhat, in oqx opinion, is suffi- 
oient, so far as the dpf«adant»8 pleading is concerned nnd jftit 
t&e deferdfemt la a jjoeition to ehor tbet it did baire a defense 
as ftg^inst the l^x^dees* But, the plaintiff further oonteads 
tliet no preper evid-'^nee eppeare in the reeord in support 
of tb&t defense*- On %hB other band, in this eonneotioa 



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tfee dcfeamat eoatesds t^at proper «vtdeno« w&« ©ffered 

©a tiiat issue, ^hlcii tlae t^lsiX eourt crroiieaualjr exeluled, 

en plaiatiff'a objectloa. It appears th&t &n er©©8-es*ailiia- 

tlott ©f theplaintiff, oouasel for the defeadRnt asked hiw 

If it we not trae ttJat about the tiaa ©f the smking of th« 

a©t« tu®d upoft, the. tw© XVrdets borrowed money on theit 

life lBe«T&no« fyo® th® plaiatiff»s oorapany, bece.use the 

defendant coeip^my im© has-d u^. Plaintiff's objection to that 

<iu©8ti©n ims sustained, eotaotel tot the dP^fcadant also »»fceil 

^e plalatiff i»feetfe©3r be wae not a close fri«ad of the 

P»i3rde«B «ind soaf erred with them s, s-Ttat dt^alin regard to 

p«rs0iaal astter©; end wfeetfeer ht didn»t know th*t they were 

jnitting 8 greal deal of «©Bey into tfceir Higislaad FaJk pro- 

p«rty, - fEore tbsn th^ir salaxle© aiasuiited to. Plaintiff »8 

©bjeotions to tli©s© qteestisn© wete slao scuistained. In our 

opinion, these railing© ®f tbe tri&l oeurt ar* not 0p«»n t© 

oxitioism. Both bedt!.«s« tfe© questions ir©re not pr©p«r crosa^ 

about 
exaaiinatiOR and sis© b©®^««« tbe sub^^ect-aatter in^uire^wa© 

imaaiterial and would ncitber Bhem aor tend to show the 

•xistence of &ny defense© on this note, ©© against th« 

?a3fde©», or that th« latter were indebted to tijc defendant 

company, xt further appears that tfee d?.f enlant called © 

boolckeeper of the def€«idant ooenpany, as a witn«^s«, and s-eked 

b©r whether during tbe Id ate of her ©ffiplojrment by tfee diefendlant 

©oaipauy, the I^rdee© baa dmwn money omS of t5^e eofflpsny'e 

treasury, in the way of salary or otherwise. Ol^jo'otlons to 

questions along this line were also si^atained, ?m«5covinsel for 

the defendsat t^en stated tbat he was seeking "to eske proof 

©f the ind^^btednese existing froai the Pardees t© the coapiny, 
the <|aestls>as referred to, rhioh appear In the record, ?rere 



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ft-suw 'C9rif iMt wcn.31 it'ffi'j; r-dtsi.'*? fci^v? isna^^^tss". xi.Ko»«T»f5 

•"©•s^.? ;«*s!i Sxxa' i>ii i/ini t<*i!fo>>'. 






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mi^arontly pr«^llmin«JT»'" ^Jad oroper so far a® they wimt. 
It is olear, however, tbat little, if anything, further 

<j#i*:ld hmve bftes asked the witnese, in seeking to^ iprov« 
t^ealleged lndetotedntas of the Pardee* to th# defendant, 
wtthoj-.t the production of the dRf«m-;ant»e boolc»« 

However, o« thia ®uestio» of rhetber a defense 
existed on tbis note in sult^ »« agminst tke Fa.rde6«» tfeie 
plaintiff tiimflolf put 1& some @«£d«iio« whi^. In our 
opinion in sigaaificant, H« introduoed a letter d?ted 
SeptSiSfitoer 16, 19f>4, addressed to Mm and si^ed by the 
defendant coapaay, wlii<:^ letter, fee testified, fee received 
about th*-t date# It 9.ppimTe tbat tfe« defendant had given 
tfee Fardeet several notes »a^ that the e^ee at l^ar was 
brought to r*5 0©ver a telanoe claimed to be due on one of 
th©0«l notefi. It ^-liso appeartt ti^tt the plaintiff held 
ether notes whidfek the defensiant had given to the Fsirdeea, 
In this letter the defea^isnt jB»d® referertee to a payment. 
it hsd sad® on the not© In suit, and then proceeded to «sy: 
" In regard to the other notes y^* hold » we 60 not intend 
to reco^iisa them in your hands, feeeauee yon are not the 
pQm. :f'|.de pvLtdt^StBt of these notes, Ror are yot? the holder 
in 111© oourse. Yoii were told plainly several reelta or 
months ago that the c^aimay hus a set-off against the 
Put&^ti* for iBoney oiered by them to the eorporation, greatly 
in exeeee of the notes, together with otber defenses* Tou 
took th» notes vit f-all knowle4age and express notice of that 
faot, and, thr-refore, those defenses and set-offs axe as good 
against you as a&nlnst the Pmrdees.* In ©var opinion that 
letter tends t© show rsther strongj-y that the defendant did 
have & good defense as against the Fardees, n&t o^Iy vith 



ftTCT-^T*--? nut. 









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Tesp^et to ■»*« otfeer note« h«ld by tbe plaintiff, but also 
in respftot to the a0t« her« ciued upon. If nn^ is the 
faet ».nd th« deftadsmt voijld not to« Itatole upon this not© 
at all, in an actiaa breugfet upoa It by thf. PnT^lees, then. 
In vltw of th« faet that the tirid^iio« in this x^ootd shot^s 
^jlthcut contradi Gti oa, aM on the ttstlsiony of ^e plaintiff 
feiffiself, tfefet tb#» notf^e giren toy tbe Faydees to th^ plain- 
tiff had been llffitaidat^^ and tarn^sl ba«* to the®, it vobld 
follow timt the defendant o©Mii n©t be hfA& liable ®n this 
note in this aetloa, fercwght fey Mi'l)er «*io held it as col- 
lateral, security on the notes ®f the Par^ees. fot tlmt 
reason, we are &f the ©pinion tli&t the evi-ftence in t&ia 
temtA is not each »s to properly support tb® judpatat 

fb» plaintiff bjts 8ubaitte4 motions in tl?ls 

©a»«, ©»e te strike the te>pXy bri«f of tfee ##f«aaaat sad 
another to s^esess statutory damages iRgainst the defen<3i5nt 
©n the grroimd that i&^e qu«stlona inTelfed ar« suofe that 
till? d€femrisnt aM ite 06iaBB#l auat have knoim thftt'tio 
real ground for reversing th® ^uflgB^nt existed, s?nd never- 
theless sued o\*t t'tiis vrit of trror, for t>s« i5uri"5or.e only of 
delay* BotM ©f tt(€fs« aotione were restrved to tht hearing 
End tooth of tbe« ©re now denied. 

For the r#a8on« we h&ve given, the judgjsent of the 
Kunioii^l Qourt is revereed a.nd the cswse la reffianded to that 
oourt for further proeeedings not ineoniaistent witb the views 
•et for-^ in tisis opinion, 

fATLOE A8D ©•SCsSlcOR, JJ, CX)UCtJR. 



«.-^:-'; JSiJtfftf' ooerd filffslX *'? ? 

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(Bx rel MART S^aiaa.i wilJffiE, 

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8ei|ia^bw|,t'*lii ttr&t, ) 




241 



Opinion filed March 10, 1926. 

sllegtmg thm% b%T tavglJt<nr» Ali«» «l. liiHT&:^'all» ««« lile^lly 
reatT«.lB«-l ef \wr liberty W L'ttoiOBa a* E%rkdull ^ad tlse 
2'«sr»»iid#Rt, k^Oi^ J. BwTkc^iilt fbe writ «§.b i«®we3l aiMl 
itefved upm the ir?--?^,p0nA«?iit and »b« filed an aaewsir t© tftis 
petitiOB of thf! relatrlx, iB whicfe &ii«i?«S" sJi« ««t fortfc 
lfea.% h®ir l-msi3«M, i.uoi«n S. ifesfedwll, ha4 <li««l le«& thmn 
a y€'a» i^slor t@ tfe.<5 l'iliaj«: of 'fee p«titian «a4 that ^lio« 
,r, %!.yic«lull «s» la hex «u«to«ly, a« 0tt« af feer adopted fj*r®»t« 
wjMl^r « ^ttd^ent aa4 drerf-^t »iiter»a la tbi» O^iaaty Ceuxt of 
a©afe S^iaaty In 1912, - 0ir«r %«a y*ar» pfior t© tu« flll»g of 
th« fWtltiSB. foy tht VTlt, A co?3y of tMe rte«ap«e of Baio-ptloii 
wa» Jittaeftiscl %© tb<> r«»5r<»a^®»t • b nR9w«r« ih« f«rtfe«» ««t 
forth la h«T feiMwtir thiat All<s« J, li&rkd«ll *ra,« about fiv* 
w«©k« of »||» at tfef tia« of h«r ««S^jptioa Isff tte» r««Fond®r\t 
SAd Sit the timt of %h« filing of ^e ejiftwcr sISLe w;»» nearly 
•l«Tta y«B.«i ©f »g«, fhe relatriat dv.ly tfrnr^wsed tb« ali«5K».t- 
l&m »€t fortib 1»y t^^ r^stponaeat ia her %ngyer, ffe* Issvt** 



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Ifitg ill tte0 OTidr-me*?, tfe« mvxt fouM that the child, Mlft« 
.!• Ii«i$rk<3ull «&» lawfully d«taia«.3 by the j-feapoadent H^gne* J, 

aei3*:dull, txastUrr » luf^ml d«or«« ©f Biaptlda, t.a«S »» ordwir was 

To r€v«y»© tim% oi^tT th« rttlatylK has p«rfeet«cl t1it» iBi.|ip«al, 

Ifee ©aly point vat^d hf tfet ir«X.«trii; it that t!i« 
^laaty Osurt mi.s wi%*'mt ^-arlsdietiaa ©▼«» her »* th^ tia* 

©f tli» «tll®^d i*#fe«©<iiftg« f©ar sioftidB ©f jl.Ue« j. B»i*kdi4ll, 
a.a(S thstt, -^eritf©?®, th* dscr»« of adept i«>a «ater#4 la tfe« 
Sewnty aasArt wbir void saH df a© ©ff«dt« ffemt t%i« i^wlsiisrlx 
«»« *n©t 8«rt-ed «ith preeese la the mdoptlon psroc#«diagi la 
afi^r<mt tr^m tfee fa.^ @f ife* ar^ssTd, for th» utmsa'aas wblcte 
«m» iaetuBd ia t^oet pi^ce#dl»ip ims rst'aiaM *Sot ?«i«idi», «« 
to \m^ ifct rfl«iti^lx ®a« hem feiaafeimt, ^ayl®» J. BaTlEdliill, 
tb« f«^«y 0f tkn ^ilt. fUm itatttte ©a Meptiaa, C&tiill'a 

^«titiisa «hmll 8teit« 1K^« aa«s» ©f ea<fe ©f tfat iMSjreatt of the 
ei^iM •o^igi'l ^ b« »d.opt#d« ^ith t^<«ir residteade, sd f&r »,« 
%&• Bsiase aay M i.iiO«a ta tbe |»»t4tl©««r, m.^ ttv&t su€^ p^T» 
enta •« shall 1&® ««feae (a«ff-M».rit8 by iifem* aad ti^ail b« aotlfle^ 
mf as«efe proefiediapi, by Bxmi^&nu, if 3r€»ifl#nt» of t"l« fr;tftte» 
til tlbc e^^e stsaa«7 »« la e3« er ^^ hereafter he re^iuirf^d la 
i^naetry pyeoewdlngi by ^e lawa ®f tJita st-ate, esco«pt oaly 
-^ftt tl3« gi^^woas nfe&ll bs? afele ret^3anas.bl• at s;ay tiae withla 
30 4ay» s.ft«r th* #a%« tfe«r«©f»" Botb the ptreats of th® 
Qhild ««n» R^i#d la ^« p«tltlea for «-dopti3a, Thoy ««rf 
\m%h ir#tl«l«ii1i« €»f @o«»fc fi^aty ftt thftt tii«« 

It Is e©at«saded by the reai^JBdeat la th# prooef^ags 



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«•« %Bin«t noi Jbm^ ^fic. 






.\r ftfK.:^'t-.^ ""fg to 






^'^-»^'S 



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sit bftir, eb« having bten ^ub of t.b«r |)«titl oners la the 
adoption jnroee«sU.iigc» tMftt th# nffirvloe of p^roocst ftiplafit tb« 

relfttrlx h«?« V)^,s minie@««t&irf la th« m4optloa proe«eding«, 
te«oa«s« la then® uif«e««dijig« Bh« •sse<mt«d e «Tittl»B tK)m«ent 
t« t?i« adsptlea 0f h«r «hild* 4ll6e, fey tlit rFspond^^at htrc «»<l 
feier ^litftbmfida »h» i»«ir« tfc« jpttltlo-nfr* la tb« adoption proo#*»A» 
tag*, #!i«*i irrittsa ©©Mesnt im« duly fil«d In %h« a©wn^ 
Oo\^Tt Is «K3nftf0tl©ii witn tiiose py®©««^liig». If that ©©nttap* 
tloa 1» la %eoo:rd witlt th« faet»» «« «;« ef t%« oplal^a thA% 

■iKJtfe'&r of tfe** ©hild, t© tat«T SB sde-ptlaa d«cT®« wMi& wonld 
lM» Madiag oa hex*, hn #^>@v« B0te€* Hit dt9.tiitc rt^Qiilrec 
tliftti %h$ p9r«8ts of thi^ «^ild iss(^«4 ia l^i& p^titloa fox 
addpticm 8l^ji.ll 1&« £i&tlfiftd &f th0s« p3^««^.iif^ ^ stiiiisi0na 
•la t^e •«»« aaaiBcr ss Is asw or ?Esy htr«i«.fte3f te« T^,alr«d 
la c^asoarf pT^eeedlagpB Iqr tn« laws of %hi$ f-i^ts," It 
la @ae of ti!i# afexlas of eh%ao«ifir p^ttetlos tiimt das^iiitiaf 
aai ad-^t, wm-f Tol^mtarlly oonftir ujKja tfe#cauyt jurlsdlcttoa 
«»er fels fearaoa fey sp?»&tlng; ia auoh pr©©«^AlB®i a« mmy tee 
l»«adlag a^ia«t feia, aueh volaataxy ©.f^->eay®ao«^ toolag cooptrutd 
aa a ^niTtY of t^^e f»«rrie« gf proo#9s» SI R»a«U p* l^$^» 
par, S, 31 0,4* !»• 36S, $ja.r. 3fS. tBatEoaery ▼. arowa* f 
iXl. S8l# SM. P?©oe«s 1» :r«H§t4.red s©l«»ly f&r tbe ?ittfposa 
©f aotifylag m dtefmftakt s^f tb* proo«edlaga *isi^ havs b««a 
lastitut«d fepiAiwt hl% B© thSLt fe» ®!^ Iifew th« oppoTttsalty 
«f apptarlag sad harlag his d&y ia «»ia^» %«Te fa« ^»« appaar 
sad %b# reo^ffa afcows th»t tea te«» lm.d sa oppartimlty to ha.va 
kis day la o&wrt, the j-aaulTea^at* of t!># «tatttt« «?«> fully 
iMst* In m&r s^plalcra, i?h«r« it is »^;©wn that tli* ps-T^nt ©f 
% ^lld ja&mB'S la a petltlda for a.doptloa af suoti ahlld has 



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eteouted a ^rritlng* oertlfytiig t& tlm i'fffct tbs.t ^u<* 

fwrest 4©«9 "k^ftrt.fey (ro&oeut t© tfe® ad^ptJan of a*ld elilld* 

form S48 ptra'vliedi by* the &doptioa l>a*« of thi« St^te, and 

mki^ ryltt«B' ©<.'ii»eat, ©» exeeiaittd toy the p»,r«at. Is «a- 
titled, #Ia the Matttr ©f ffet -Pttltioa of* {tht p«tltioi»er«) 
»t© s,iiopt* i%kf cfeil4) aB«l Is #ilf ril«* IB the o^iiirt in 

wfei€^ t&« a^pti-J^a pi«ft«»pdlBg« aye pen-fUng, s»ch .paT«at 

Is they«g>.f%-fy pr<?'Olt«l«.-i from ©ont^adlng tbmt t^e sss^yt i?l5ieh 

»w^ pi^f-'Sttt b«c^ij8t %r<d» pTQ&mms ft&ieii vfts l«it%fia In that 
l«pi»es««dLiiig was S0^ farsaally «#rved «poB fel» oy hey, wn& tills, 
-altfe©-u# tfeft ®yitt#a ©oas^at 4ld ^9%, in cordis, 3*eelt« *&at 
the imrent w^ved asrrle* ©f pi^etsss sr.4 c-nteir m^pm-TPrntsm in 
ttee proe^iedlag, tsf© tte«tf«f©f* h^M thfl.t tfe«* ssla- me^^tiQn. 

a writtea a©ss#Bt to tb« «>topti«m ®f fe«y c^^ltd, la ©©laafeo- 

tead.s t'^mt @h« dU.d, n^lle ih« rslRtfix o&ntC'ift^a, at least 
toy iafesr^A^e, that ftit« 414 mt%* 

fh« i*«e©TiS sh©ir« t*iftt t3S# c^iild ImrolYe^ la ^e»« 

l^roflNi«di«p(, Ali©t J, %rMyll, «a« the d*-tt^t«r of tht ?#»- 
latrix Mary S^rkifeU, ^-ttlBgr ejsd fe.#y thea b»«b»i»4, Ofe*Tle« J, 
iiiX'i^^%^Xl| *M tfe,a% Luelsui B.. Barkiitai, Jy.« <9m« of tl^« p«n* 
ti0R«y« t© t&e «d©ptlo» pT^oe^^i&gjB was the brothe^r of ^strle* 
i. S!».rkd\ai, ^jsid tMt tb«r ot^i^r petitioner, Agii«« J. S^^lcdull, 
tb« r?-®|>fea^eiRt fe#ir«, ip«e tfee wlf« of Uiolen H, tferkiliill, jr. 
fl!.e father ©f ^t,^-e Wo brothers ima Lwelen H. ii^Tlt/iuIl, « 
life-wyer isfeo rtpreacmted th« petltlc-af-re in the ftdoptirra i>r€N» 






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e««ltlag3i« The recerd farther «bowr» th?5t in ii'sy 191S, thr«ft 

jreeTS «ft«T th# adoption d&crd* w«,» #tifeerefl io ths OouKty 
eeisrt of s3©©k oo'ijntyt th«f relatylx kere filed a Mil for 
dlTdToe a^miuBt h«y "'-'Mabaiidl Ch^rleiB a'« S^^rk^ull, la wblcd* 

representp.^ hla »» his attorney, Tfee <?ecree of dlvoro* wa» 
€»lf e-ftter«^ sfia May 26, 101 0, t^in©* th.^% drerce thei r«latrix 
teas m&tt%$t4. ®B# ti#t!i»r» ifi fe«!y felXi f®T 41-vero« tfe« rf-latrtx 
sll»g«d thm% mhe mnd !^«y v,u8b«M, s|feaTlt« .3. l^.!«irk(tell, wert 
m^TTiif^ ©R 0{5tal>€X 9» Itll, at w^a*^ Ps'jiat, la tfe« 0tat«? of 
IsdllfeBa, &n'i* that they llT«4- mnUi ©o«»li»bit8<S togethf^r »m ' 
feiiHteaA ««A »i?if» «3Btll JviO* 10, 131S, wb«ri , It lo allisgtd 

tftttre^ 1» thm Ottpaty ««si^rt ©f Geolc c^jxmty on *!«»« J^o, 1®1S, 
siad ttmt <!«€*«« reeit«<S tfe^at th# i»Mld* Allc«g ir»« then of 
tfe® is.gi $f *©▼«» ose «0aiaj, (flvi^ week*)* in ^s Mil fo» 

diver©* 1fe€ relatrlJt fcrfs?*, ail«g€4 thst t»';l9 ©hlld o«i J«a» 
to, lili, tfe« d»tt wii.«ft tiMi »d©ptloa dee.r#e w&« tstey**!, ig** 
•li wmk» old, 

As absr* stated^ »ltfe0mgl» th» r^lataeix, in the 
t^ti-t,!&»y giv«n tey ber ©a tfee betarlng ®f b«r petltlen fey a 
wrllt of h»'&«m> cerg^s. s^wh«rs' 8tRt«»8, is ao »*tiy '^rds, t!i*t 
the did a©t «xeettt« tli^t RS^tt«n CHsaseat t© tbe adoption of h«T 
<shild, »H# ^«<i do ^o indlTtctly, li»e^&ii«« ebe testlfiod tfeat 
»lie lE&0ir nothli^ ab'^t* i^e?«it B.d&ptiom |>r©o«#diBg« xsnattl, th« 
tiai of h«y 4iivoye« jTiJlt »igs.is»t li«r fexx&b&ad in 1915* In 
tfeio ©snB*ctl«n her oovasml s.^kod h^t when afce first learned 
•tfeiHt -proe^ediago fes4 t»€en stRrtod or tfeat ao«« atte»-pt had 
bo«n «Rde t© 9lb»^t y^^ar babyt* Eer aoas^es w«o» " '^ea 2 got 
ny dlToreo** ^« fuirtfeer testified tfe&i at tfe« tlaio of tiso 









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pffee«#dia|pi v«r« l»«tii}g taken, 

©a tl4# 8i©Tnlag dJ* tl-j« toy t?s« s4optl0a «»Sv»« w*?.« Isieard la 

<ifell4 %© he», *ai resdy to talc« t© oourfe* aM tuumed 1^« 
baby ©vet- t© 1^« witii««9 A&yiaK* *W«ll, I feirwght ymj 1^6 
Ismliyy yots ©ft-s tev« kmtf mad 1 kaaw yov. will }m ijeofi to fe««, 
1wi«ai»« yofe feav© b®#a g&OfH 1© lae^ r?©?:! o.f 00i3,r»«, ®i^rle« ..._ 

healtfe,* lgi«s» MfMuU fui*tfei?y t«Ktified timt htt »i»Ur^ 
ta-»iftir, ^# !s«»tfefty of the tsfellt* rmminut^ at te«if h«>y«« 
vfttiX 9k^ mm» iMkdE fr©« ©marls; thatt h«» fmt>ser»i»-law, 

tuaita H, ferks^ll, w*?® f«fjresijat»d fee? n-ni hey fetjsbitiit 
la HM o*^aty Oomr* la tfe© na^ptlea freoe'- m.nm» at tli« 
tiaa ©f %fee fe«anag la m®* o^ittr*, li»4 in .fel» f^»«»9i<»a 
tfee ?nitt«B ooiyseatjs of is®l^ p-syeatsi of thf e.Hit4j %^t 

sad %htf t»«re prtaeatis^ t© th« o^wrt. 

Aftar this tfestiwoay vdL» gltrea by tbe ree;<»adeat,i 

^ti mU.tt%M »»R r«-ealXsa t© th^ st^mA &n& aJse deal«« that 
s^® tftsk tfe« chlia Hfwet t© the r®9|^a<t«»t, a.» the lutttt* 
&ad t#i»tifltA* ^« «i^ld «to» *®a sloiE Mf«r« tlie b»liy wa» 
bdiia aa<3 t&t « l&ag tl.'3« aft#rward| fea(S ^« gsRm<Vfm«fc,er ©f 
lfe# baby prtteaded to b« her trtenA «.a<l ^v« tiie ohild to 
kfSM* aisS HeT ^.a«biiad *%Q t«ic« (^?e of vbilt I ««mldl r««> 






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.hi->ir:i:i-. 



I* «ip»®siir« frs^ tbe res5«>r«i that Oha^rlisB J, 

lags iav.lYiag hla, fia4 f©s 9oaw yeiarg ^»» &«•«» living 
la Dtarer, Ool©i;ad©, ae it.eUfl«d tfefet the first intla*- 
tioa fe« Jsad tliatii hie mite teeirtd to ftsT« tb© shlld 
%^f»t6d «mfi ome fi'reiilaf «ti«fi fe« r#tm*B«f<l f rosi work, r-.M 
^tf »©.ld¥.;»fe« la&d ^Cifi &frev to s«e kle 8i»t»r-iii-l3Mr, ^gn«9, 
i&aA It w&« liey d®siy« l^at itf&«9 Bba-ald atdetpt %hB 'teslijr,- 
*'tli&t «fe© felt &t tfeit tiafe* tfeftt she w«i« »mtb«3P yotmg 
, t« b« tleA dcrnu wltfe a ehlld* %»« *tt w».» h#y desire, it 
p«»»«iM«, to pl3fee# lfe*i:t «l5lid tm ^e «»»-y» of Ags«?s fe*- 
eauee eh« k»«fw ^« vswld, imv« » p;®©^ h«sie,* lie- furtke:p 
tfttJtlfiei thut k^en tsok tfei«s questioa up with feer !»»•• 
Imiulfi tJi« feiK^th©? ©f th« idtaa«!»s, *4a,«J t-feicy '!^-rr« agree- 
$.lsl« t^ tb« prop^sitloa nad th.i&t l3i# (tfe« id.ta«ts!) %!««» 

feftd RO d«8ly« fet tfea-t tl®« t«i tmfeit ifee ^ild,« i« fur- 
tfe«» t«?stlfi«d ti>»t 8*iTer»l d«f« latey fti« iKrsth©* sad 
wife oa®.# ©f«T t© »««? 1^»» ©a tbe su&3«<S(t, ®wi tfeisy «tatj«^ 
Idhat %k«f m^m-lA »0t ts&lc^ i*« «Mld «al««8 tfeftjr ^«li adopt 
It Ici^lly fend tfeey then tslfe»<a tbe «it\»ti©n ©v^r wtHi 
^«iT f&th«r, wlio V&9 * l«t*|ri»T, sad 1l« l»t«3r •ecwfed tls» 
fesw* »»«€ In atjoh ^T0<3»edl&^ «*r^ outlined *^9% \»^1 
n.9%itm wsta iiec«»«».ry la ordfr to p«iffert Ad©ptloR»* H« 
l^iftteejr t©«tlfl«d ^«it »*l« tslfo »»a fe« «t«».t#4 mt thfet tia* 
tfcftt th«f Sid not dealre t«> app«ity in e^urt rm<^ th»,t hl« 
f»tli#r «xpi«iia»d th^t tbat s'oxiis sot fe« aeei'ea^ryj and 
fisurtlieT;^ tMt h« &lis» told the r@l»trix« that «thi» imt 
» itt«f fef «l«hes« b«foTe she slgaed her ooss«mt * * *aJbm 



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w ^<;^jiij>? ir*«'^ -'- *'" ''■^' '■'■ ' •"^- •' '■**' ■- - ^ •' 

.; im i»4i- #11'^^ 






t ".jga^isl 



Aw&fXvM:' jfiik^ ijp<$?Mij|j^i» Mrfii^ 



•8» 

V9i*ld ga 0wt sMfed talk tJsls ov«r wl*fe h«r people,* (fw® 

went out t0 ««« %h«m fiM '*te»k one ©t th«s« writ^«ii 

ooBSffBt f©i»» *lth Iker,** 5sii'5 '»hen i*t© rttuimed «h* e?»,id 
fe-fky f«»lXy w^3r«^ &gy*««a»l« t© tfe« py©i>s«tti©ii fos' tfee 
»4&l»tl®a of tfe* ©kllfi Iqr *^«» ami! li«r lm»l»isa,, for 
they JKa«» »fe» w»wld bev« ft g?sx^a howp ia ttosilr keepim^ 
&aa *♦! teell«iir« tfee it«»t night, ©f %«"» 9t tferee daty* 
Xat^ir w« Iw&th »igae6 ■*!Tltt«-B i^a»«Bt® «wa^ t'uraed ®iea 
©▼«r to a^ fatfe«r,* 

4 0lster of tli« »t«peKiRl«iiit t«stiri«d thmt «li« 
r«n«!s1»«vNl t^t tlaan wh#B Aliee «ai ^Si|rt«<l mm %hm% s^« 
■wa« pT«««iit fit hey «i»t«r»» feoat -th..^t d&yj aad tfeat »»kllt 
a^e m^m tht-T*- %M m%».%vix arrivM ffii^i tfe« &Aby lefeidfe 
fib© tttTH^a QVmv %& 4gii«», ^ereupoa, i|ga«« asad tim *'it» 
nesre pT^^T^d to !««.▼«, sM tfe» *ita'?«« S'.s«»is?».»l©d Itigii©* 

toim t€» 1^ t$ thc!' ^%irt« 

A iT«» ^%rT«& testified t!i%t sbe «^s », tEitla«d 
nurst ®sni5 ^at tfe» first s#t ^« iristl«it»ix in 1313, at't^iet 
tfe« fi^st ©f J^»«, when cfee W8« ?^ll#.d t# atti?aiS h«T la 
a ppdf *&»!?! c»a^l way; tit&t at tbat tiate ik^ TelatTi* «fs» c»o- 
fiasd to hi^t 1m^ %if b«r lllnrsig m^d e&ntinue^ so u&tll e^rXf 
Im ^ttly, sad tto&t tlse fl;«t tl«se sfe« wa« n-YiXs t© «^llt out 
?rft»th© a:ft«3moefa (S»f Jiily 4tfe« 

Tfe« ^i?oth«y of the rsl&tylx t«?»tifi«4 t&»t fei* 
«l«t»s left ^« h©«5^lt»l fellowia^^ the Mrtl^ of h»r child 
oa %!iy 14, l91t, m.A 9^m% tvo «««]K.8 l«.t«x est»« to bi*. h@wi 
t3 atfty; tlbat &t iib&t %!»• fffe« uNie vti^ 8i<tit s.i^ m.s ooa* 



a-'*^ »,*4ri-.«:' -^if .-^rw xor^^ i'^H ^Ttt fjre tr?r -j^ ??^?a^ 



^)«lti*S: 



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fio«?(5- te htr 't/tt f«a- io<.i iv five isceJi* frier^aftef feft>l th&t 
h« trss s«re «he im« r)s©t out of the howjMs oa i3ttii# EO, 1913, 

(^■» 4fiy of th« Si#mirtRg of tfec; md^optloii |fToee?«^ing» la tfee 
iMtaty Oofeyfi). Tfee r»lr»trlx pim ^i^Ain rfesillefa to tfc« etmnd 
a»*l testlflca tlifr* ©« J»it« ^0, ims, Rfee ws.-» m !>•& *t fee? 
I«ir8tfeef»<i ham al-m i»f^ar%® :^lti«a.i^ '^s-^ tb&t yi%^ wmii 
o©af la#4i t© h*t fe«« froa tfee tlat? »h9 w«&t to her terotbeT** 
feasMf tl?.t- Imtter pari! ©f -asy, ©oatiBttouely -tmtil tbont tii.« 
first d»gF of Jt^ly, A slstes' ®f fe«t» ti^stlfled st^)»st&9atld.U7 

th© flit » &t %m m4©pfelaR pyoo»*^l«igii of ttoe 0Qt«imtjr 
eb«Jft e@mta.iB tfe« irtltteu ooas«)at of the fsthex of th« eteild 
in qweetioa, t© b«r adeptlon* entitled, ■ •In the M^.tter ef tl*« 

^ic* J, B^xltdi&il*^ f»ja:l yf.«.diagi •'I, CSs&.i'les J. Ife.rk4tell of 
C9ii<:^g»« Im the '^i^Uiatjr ef o^gIe $t»a st^t« of lillaois* father 
6f Alioe J« at^rkduIX^ p- mtnat e^ild* do liar#l^ ooaaent tf> ttt« 

l^stTlEd^till* in %a&m«r md f^:r» iui pr&riaM bjr s.m Aot »f the 

A., !}• 100?, I^tftd -^1* 3r«5 *fef of Jitti«» 13i:§,« Mo «uc*i ooa- 

tb« h«»rtag ©a her i»«titiOtt f©? tfe« writ of "ft»bg»» ^ortmi, -^nd 

It «f*p«s»8i fr<a« th« r«e©rd that as atudfe iRpltt#» oo««<mt l» 
tiftt? is ]M» finmd l59 %^e fil«i» «rf tfef %#9!5tl«ii iryT«e»«^tiig» in tfcit 
Cfeuaty Qe^flPt* fbei^e t« la t'-e r#e«iy(S a iA9t»c^a|^!'^« oopF 
<»f th« entrias la tlie !j[a<^«t In tltt o»tiaty Oc^rt In «dB8«9tl9a 
«ith tbe a<!0|stioa pr©ee<;'«ling>i# Whl<^ irtate, "Jea® l.S/13, 
@e«sfejst»« ®f C^»Tl«e 4. BstrkctaU *^fi^ mxj ^rkdbtelX, filed,* 



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-10- 

Tli« fedop*l«a d#©xft-c »at«!r©<3 toy t^« '3©wRtjr C^urt find*, 

tm@n^, ©tfe#r things, tlmt •Both Fa=rent« of «%ldt, aslnoy «^ll.d» 

«4o|>tisii »f mXd cliila l»y l^«- |HititioB«r«» Luol«a I. gNtrlK* 
Sail* St» liad jitga«» j, JiterltsJitll, his wife,!* t^e aiToyo« 
Mil filed, t^ tfe« r«(l».%ytx, thi-ftt fmf »f ter tfce adoptioa 
|sroe«K(3lftgii# was dulf v«rifl«^ i^ her sffitovlt, asd la that 
Mil «&€> ».ll«^<i *tb^* «» 'latee fruitiS of »14 mferriAgt, this 
|^rti«« lt&T« liad b»r» «Rto tOsftm ©at eifelld* Alle« <|#aa ^.rk- 
Sull* tfer®«! ye«r« «f agt, aa^ t«.4# ©felia *«,» i®u«<»ii^t«il hj 
^«i«tt 1. iferlc^ill, -It, -ffiJi^ wiff ©m #«a« totii, 1 911, i8*»a 
Mki€ ohild irawB six i»«<^'k» &1«, first »t«myiag: t^« wyitt.ea 
ooas^at »afl kF«o«»I««ige ©f Istotlfe ©f tli« natiKP&l parent* ©f 
•»ld eidli. fhft «Ki.« t.adle& H. .%.?iE&jll, Jfr, is a brothe? 
®f ^b» Ai^Seum&t la t^-in .iJi'ectsdlii-g,* In tm mnm^T fll«»<l by 
0ii&yle» a» ^rktell t© tfee telll &f fels «ftfe, in »?>ioft sh* 
it®ttfjit t© proGinre « elv®ye«i f :r©ai Mia, fe» R^jslttto. tfe« 
all#g«feti@af aade fey h®r rltfe iFef#r#acft t® the Mrtis »f' fetetir 
eliild, *^© wp..% %4®p-t<Ni by l»u©l«a M, ikrkdsill, 3v,, » to«otfe«>» 
of ^« iefeansmt !5*r«?la §ad ■i:lK Mfe «m .tuB« SOth, A, 0, 
191^, ^hm sssid eliiM iBfS8 six we«lt» old, fsad tMa i:lefea*i.nt 
farttrnf ft^Uiits that tooth li« muA tkm aeth«^; ef as id ehll-d ^ira 
*ls,#lr wiittea o^^e«at t® «feld adaption as 'J th&t botb wert 
aamr* ©f tb« tii«» sr^ pl»cs» ©f ^^M fe»pp»alag,* fbeT* v»9 
al«© lati?o«imo#dla the c«i»t st b«,r the c^rtlflest© ©f «t1« 
d#ao« gMteitt#d iay ti**' yelEtyix la evpport ©f h.»T feill f©T 
di'V©iX'©©, iT&m. «fel^ It ^sp^piPtrs tbst upoa her direct e-)ri!ik.ffilnia« 
tlea toy fe«ir o©ua»«l, {Jaltaaa i. if©f©tt, (elaeii dc<»as«d) eht 
was a»li^«d «fei!they laay ©i!,llAT«Hft liad ^»a b©ya ©f !|«,r sRa.rrlag* 



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amd $h« &ns««7ed *Otm0 Alloc J««^» a i^^l*" ^^-*^ *«■ thAG 

»«lc«4 th® following !!?\i«i«tlssiiii KBd j^ve tSae fellovlnf &«•- 
w»y»j •%♦ *b.ej'* !•» thst fetl^ Rcwt A. /l^opt«!d toy *&• 

biPOtfe^T of 887 hu«fea»4, i^» fbe ^fey lias m good hoa» sa4 is 
well t«k«® e%T« oft a, ?«»•* 

fh*' trisS'X ffl^iirt 2*#«s-jrke4 In tite cjoure* ©f the 
fetwTlag ©f tbft py00«tdiEg0 at feftf tli&t the rtsl ^>«#«- 
ti©ii pyestRtrd w»st ^.©tfe#r or rx0% %« relsk.trtx g&,'r« fecr 
^ns©n% t® thft mdofttleDi of fee? Qlislid» W« h»f« stated 
»bOT« tbftt is ®ur &plmi8ii« If 6&« eitneisited. sucds i> Odasent 

p#BdlSg QT IfcbOttt to b» l8wg.tit\j-fe«d, USA tfeat IFTltlng ie8i« 

d^ilf pTf«f^Bt©d t«» «ftA fiifd la l*ie Oi?KRtjr ^^uft la e©a- 
fi««?tl&B ie5..tb. tfe^ ad©f>tloa pfooe^j^s^t frwe- rrds-tri* I9 
i^t tilt 8 |i€*®itl©a »«» t© attacit tfee ;3t3iri««ltcti9ia of t1?« 
C^uaty Ossutt itt those pr©«s#edliigi» »»lely &b Ifee ipreuod 
tfemt 8fei« w.» ®«t f©3rm.lly ««!3rT»d wltb istm^&m». If. mpon 
fe«*tlag lfe« «fTldf.-BC«, tiiif 8ul»iitsao«( ©f »?.:ieli *# l^aiftt- 
©«tliiiM abovt, tfee tnal emirl wm* »f tfe© ©pistiosi that 
|ll« r«ls.tylx dia ®x.tmit« »%ish # ceastat with l:Rsifl#d«^ 
«^ tfet a-doptloa pr©©««dla|j», ^-©1 tisftt it ws® |»T#«€Rt«d %o 
tfe® a^un.ty 0©iu3ft» wc at^ ©f th« ©ipi.»lcia tSsi&t tki« @d«art 
it fi9t ia a p3isiti0B t© &6ld tksli gfu<lfe s fiuding *a« 
mi^lasti tli« ia»slf e»t weight of tlw erl(i«aet la th&t re- 
fitrd. fe ap«»r«?Qi»t« the f»«t ttos-t tli« re«p«otiT« sad 
<»fi]>e«it« p<N)itl€>a« of ttm p»,TtXe9 ftr« aot only 8iu'ppo.Tted 
llf their 01m %^»%i«.ottf, but timt •acdi has cork» eorroborft- 
ti0a» feut ^«ire «,re certain uodealafele f*et« appartnt 
fTo« %h« 3r«a©rd# wbl«fe, la ©«r ^plBion, ttod stroai^y t© 









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ikikt witMn twp ®w thre« irefittt &ft«r tb|« (^iid vftt born 
«)i« ».»ia tier fei»tmnd »«parat«d, atet it ftppcara ftjrtl»«r, 
without ooiitrftdietloiu t^«* *^i» ^illd ftt or lafeotJt t*it 
tiigft of %hln iMipar*5tiott, qaat iato tfee possess® ion «»b4 
cuotody of tfe« ymepond^at mnd ^b%% el&e has &#«& la lioir 
^Btody oontlsuao^isly bIhoo th».t tl^». So fAT »» tl'c« r«<» 
oeird i^-owo, ttet rtlatrlit has aever o^iffiptaiue^ of tte«.% 
»i,t«%tioa tiLStl}. ¥iO«f ni»r att<^pte^ to sbo-sr t1&ia,t the ^ro* 
e«odl&pi ifirv^Xiring t&o ^doptldii of h«r ohiidl »«f« irit'hout 
hor eoasost, altb<»u^» on fe«r ova atl^isoloii, she bibs knova 
ateoat tfeooe pr©o«®^sg» a-t l»si»t aiuoe say 19X6. Ft*rther» 
a»ro» tfel» pooltltm i?telcfc shr- ni«m ta.k»e is flittiy oontri^ 
dlototy to Her a^B »ii©in& ststOmtRto, osat^iaed la fe«ir 
Mil of divorc®, 'Aerif ©fee 9i«.ys i^mt fetr eiJild tboa 
tluro* y»»jri ol<4 had ^*a -mdoj^ted th:r«® yestro pr«»Ti©«,«ly 
Igr he? b7«tk«i>»iii*laii ««ad hi« wlfo, tfe^ "firet seourl&g 
tl£« ffritt#8i oo8»«iit $m& kuowledgt of t^« ii@.turi».l p&x«ntM 
of tfet <^iia.* tlje r«*latrix In thp. prooo^^dingi at Imiip 
fi«Nb«ro «▼«» iiitiii»t#ii that oHo i^de l^.mt evom roi>7@««iitft* 
tic® ikt tlt»t tli^ las^Tortiratly* @$!« lo £to^ iisjrri#d «|.%iii« 
Jii0it i^«» tliat »«Q©t!i«. a«ariri&f:« t€^k isl«-<r« the rtford do«» 
not dloolooo* In vleir of «ll Wem ftets* <«M ^sptoially 
iA 'View of te«r «irorn aroirsieBto 1b hor bill for divoroo 
umA. %Mfie t««tl»o&y la that m»9 in mu^p^rt of theoo &llogt>* 
tloiii* Vim %h& fsot ^^t tht fel&trix» so fftr »« tho T'^oord 
ohe«»« im& @&tlr«ly ontlstfldii wltl^ tl^o slttmtloa 9jbA waOB 
»o of fort •! »ay kind t© <3fetago It fe* lUBarly oloiroa y(5«r»» 
«0 »r« of t!^o opliil<ai tbftt tho trial d^urt «m« entirely 
Jiiotlflod 1» flaaiag tfemt tfeo rolatrlx dl^ glvo h«r ooB»#nt 



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t-.3 t^« a<!0ptl©ii of b»3r (^lldlf »« oeut^iidtil by tht re»poaAeat» 
ami te«t 8fe« tfecrftforfs l« not »o>f in n. positioii t© r&ls* th# 
^«stloa. flte# att«ispt« *&t Isvolviag the J«rls««io1sl9Hi ©f 

l*©r fls# »»s®iwi iBt»,t»>t, t>.t J^ga^st of tin 
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Opinion filed March 10,1936 



fh« yi&iRtiff, «Rtb«1fill« H©gal» bTQ^gfct thli 
ts.0tl®Bt S5.@i;iB»t the d«f<^ttris.i!tt, Asths^ For«<^B«jr, sllegiag 
tl5i»l! efes h»4. !>««!» l!Efcjuy#^ Is a tsoXllalOB befr^r^n an Rtit©* 
flie^ll* iJi wl»i€»fe. »h« ^rag Tldiag st« ft gtte-tt of dtiatrles 
H»fiil, sn4 %B ssiHt©«i0tell» Qim.«S ss!^ a!p«TOt«<l tegr the d«~ 
fim^Bt. 4t the tl;^ ®f thi® eolllslsm the :pl&latiff •• 

€l*«ylf« S©g«'.l. to this Sfsels-rnttoa ^« 4«fim':^nt fil*d 
ft pl«* ©f tfeft g«Bi«'ir»l i»s«!« mad **© «|i©«i«l ffleatj 1b the 
first of -i^iefe fc« •d.«aie4 ife&t fe« w«« oper*tiBg, control ling 
or ^ii&m0,&g tfe«' o»r ^^.ioto r»n lato E^gsl*® d%.r «t tti#^ time 
1& «^u«®tl€>»; and in the eeoosa of whl^.» %te (t^alitil %h%t 

«».¥» «%• Is hit et&plpf or fftitoJ«ot to t^is Qta»T» o? eni^ged 
in tho puTs^iaiies of any of bla buaisese. ?h« i»«(U«a tisus 
foirmod were «ufeBiltt«4 to » ^wry* »tt-^ ^-t tbe close of tho 
fil&liittff*^ e&«« %fe« <i«f»»«ast tmve^ tfa«? eofert to fiRdl th« 
issues Ifl hla fftror, t^at se^tl-^aa w»« deaied, Ti^#^ d«f«Bd^ 
siat tfe^reui&ew »u^itt»d no ovideaot 'tmt rt*fted hi* c».b«. 



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Simla »ul^mitt«<i » ffiO%l;-.E tot a directed irerdlct, T?hlch 
ajotloa *aB tI«o cleriied., the ©tse* «^a then autHBltted to th* 
JttTy and a w»dl®t mns retuwaed in f».TOT of the plaintiff, 
m8s««f!iBg her damages $!.t t.^e »tai ef fS^OOO* fhe tism&l n^* 

%!>»»« wftre tijcrrarssn «»•-*» and ©vsufniledl aaad 3«d.pi«nt w*« 
saterecl osj tii# veydlet. To reirewit th»t ^■udfsest the d«« 
f(md&Qt hsjs perfected tbis i&.pp«al, 

•nffleieat mppe&.Tti by tbe 'bill of exeeptions to ta«itel« th* 

d«if6n-;%'nt to 7&l,s« octtsiifi poi&ts oa w^aioh he r@lie«» \mt 
la «m* ?lew of tfeln eaase it will aet b« neo^taary fex* u« to 
f«ai> up^R t&eii. 4fta; i^e origls^l Mil of exefiptloiia tma 
fllenS, &8 lB©3yp0j"ftt«di Ift tfee reoord, aa a4^itioaa3L Mil of 
exaeptlott® ifast filed, aaA sul^td^iiiently, oertsla %m£m43isent8 

la mipr-^rt df ht« »j»p«»JL tjfe« ntfemiS«iit e®at«nlUB tfeat 
tte« e^ldf^a^ si4teasltted la. if«!iiklf of the plaintiff failed t& 
sliW thst tfee autamoteilt whioh atru**: tfee ROj^l ear va« 
b«l&g atgligestly opertstfed, it l8 pointed out tfe&t the- proof 
tluitt ther« im4D m GOllieioa Aemn fsot !&«.ke c^ut ft 0%fi« of ae^i* 
g«ae«} that tlit plaintiff allef«« la h©r <a«©l©rj»'tiOB that th« 
S»tendwm% wma gailtf of n#f»^lg«nee ia opera tlag ^»i• automobil* 
mad that It «^« drtTea »t ma unr«&80a»M«, iaproper aad uaj- 
lavful rste of apfed| wad it is tljen coeteaded tljat tfecre ia 
ae evidenee ia tfee record to aisbatRntlat© tha»8« oiiarg«», la 
©tar !»pialoa, tbe record does net bear out that ooatentioa. 
a^^ testified that tke oelllalon to&k pl&oe at t}3« ist«r* 
teetlea of Obttage Qr$Te mTs&.ue and 79-^ streets; th&t he wjk« 









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dlTiTiag his i-oA^ tourlag eft* vmwt In 79tfc street, «,iaou1f 
twp e*olodl is tli« Koming on fe\»T»&Ty b, 1933; that tht 
i!«ftther p^^s yery ©olA aad tbe «l^ ourtaiBS w«^re u|), «ac- 
o«pt OB th« l«ft aide In tttrnt} ^ipt there wse lsln||^.i>^88 

In t!i«0e 0iirta,ins, r^ileb |kei8titt«d ^lat. to eee throuj^ 
theai} that b* ®lov«<i up feiid. alas©st mm% to s stop ©» th« 
»it«t side 0f Sottag» eT«w« 8.v«»t3« &md looked sow^si a^sd ««» 
a&thlngj aBd l0Qle;std t^ tl:i« B&7tl( End sa« n^nm imall hea.d* 
lights eoa» distame* «ipef, • ^seTfii fe«ndrc-d f«H*t or ^j* t&»t 
fee ^^RsldfeitBd he iM&t pl«Bty of tlsae to g«t ft«{3t»fia 8JB4 tr« 
parcKMSfded i.t a spe^d ©f 6 ©y 7 «llt» am temjt; lihrnt fee did 
not i^y aay fttytfeer attention %& %hM mr api^-itssastiing tt^n 
Use noiife, aad Just «« ^is essjp im* Imlf way svftr 1^« w«st 
T%iX ©f th« »®st tx>8.€i: of tfe# dod&le lis® str^ft ear tfaeka 
osa (^ttitg^ GTOV't airemw* bit tsmf was stirudlE In tht re^.f* and it 
ttsnmed aground tl^ite Ma«« €tndl«jta«<^ oret on the s«»ut]biirest 
ooimeir of tfm iAtei«eetlon» aad. tusraed oT«r, flita *ltnc«s 
testified tisat fe« ecsiad not tell the eps^ied of Ifee eajr vbo»« 
li^t« be Ban, Ijut that aft©» tl»« eolliftion, %be tsir ^Meh 
Tan iBt« felm ®«ui SOO f©#t awif to t» »oath on Oott«g« Or&irt 
ftrenxifty crv«r near &e w«s% eurb* In out opinion, this eri* 
deace v&s etrffidlent t® wtrfent i^ie jury in finding that th« 
d«f«ntlsBt*« e®r ir&a l>«in.g trlven in a neglifent flB9.Bntr ^nd 
at em exe«e8iv« rat^s ef crpe^* I^ dr<Str to support eudb » 
finding it ife not near-83S,ry tJ3*t ther# b« ©videnee directly 
^^•Rring tipon the Question of the »p«ed of th« defendant's 
©Mf. If th&t m.t *»-• approxiaatsly 700 fe«t it©rth ©f th« 
latsrssetion wh«a ^.ogal started ta drive feis ^r eer©«« 
fli« iBterMS^ioa at @ or 7 miles m& htiWfi stnA it strusk 



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togal'ffi osT at th« point teatiflM to ijy him aa4 tfeen *«?it 
300 f®(p% before eoalRg- t© a stop, tfe©e# f&©t« ?»ot)id be 
»wffl®l«at t® justify the Jury la aoiselAi^ing that it r^m 

is>«iag arlvta at sui «5r-0#««!lve ar«,.ts of spe«?d «iw1 in a n«gll- 

flteft d«f«B#s,at B«y.t ooBt«ads th®.t the trlml ©owrt 
9Tt9:4 in s^Rylag feis ^atloas far a 4ly«©ted verdict, btcKtiis* 

th« e^l-^ism©® le fiuelt that the tyial c©airt ©hm^l«l h&-ve kml^ 
tbst th«|sXalatiff «■«,« guilty &f coatxifoiitory negUgems^, a< 
ft jsatter of law, ^ tfels |»iat ll©ptl t«®tlfie€ tfeat tfe« 
plalatlff m» ©itiiag ia tfee fmnt ««&t, »t bi« adgfet, wheia 
*fe« <K3Xlliil®a t0®li |>l«,e®j tb.a% ^« hM on b fwr a©at with 
fe bi# ©sllar mi ^a^t afe« wair X©@klsg atml^t atoe&d, sua 
r#ll#«l ^«*a fela t»& «la tfe® ^riirlag, fb« plaintiff teatl- 
.fiM t© th«? «a«« tffeet* aad ©aid sh« w®» fmeiag iroiit ftat 
Sia uot lisak arofund ®t awy tlia#» 

lef©» thf ■F^s.lRttff m^iM rtooTer it w^iS nem-nmrf 
f©r her t© frsv« tfeat jshe »»» in tlse sseroise i>f oriijis-ry 
^re f©r h«r ©ca safety a»<f. sh© wsta n®% relleTea from tfestt 
cfcatjr fe#Ofetas« sfee i^s-e a ^^.MBmn^t la Howl's s-wtoasofellft, 
Hitrft a paft««aMi«T lim« an opportualty to lesira of «teager 
sad »f#ld it, tt l0 ttee tety of Budk imaisefigftr to 'rsrn the 
^iv«r of tfc* &p|>r©«iol>lag dfta^er, rise isasseager b%® no 
ri#t# beofttiS« «®ia«one «l@e l« drlriag ® vehicle* to omit 
T«m8eas.i?l« tstn^ prudent (Bffolrt* ©a lii« a* teer part to avoid 
*«»g**'* IFi^tita ▼• .Ohlog^tyo gjty riY«, ,, 9o.. S84 Jll, M6. 
2E2J?. Si:^> ^^ Jil- JS^^J Gftf eabaa y. C^feitf ^ PJ.^y,.l!s:«»..J39^ 
299 III. S^^ Bwt it 4»es not fsll®* thst uader a giv«a at^ta 






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a«liii«»», lis- taillist t^sf ©te!i#r&» ssst 4%mgfr s-a^- *fty» t^© 
i.rfpif«i tey ti;«s ?ltf#»4sa% iK ^^.st @sft« tfeat tlj« plaiatiff 

m^%.^.^ Qi tsisi ftii^, t® »lt©w ttet wfe«a 1sfe« Itt^wry i»^«j 
«m«rs%l.&ft i« t^i» #f f»«t^ wfeii^i ®^w% %e ^%&-mim>^ fey tfc* 

psr^fto^ribtft %R|f i^Ttlmtlfer feet t« fe« s^sr,** »r oaitit«4 by «. 



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uadar lik« clremmst»nc««« ( ntaok ▼. Ksat ^:^t. tQule RtDiutT 
| ^»^ ®4S 111. SOS) Ordinarily th« cj«e«tion of contrtbutorf 
Bftgllgenee 1« ose of fact for the jury,* T1^« oouT-t held 

thst, l» vler of tbft ©vlieRee, tlie ts^ue af coatrlbatory 
n®glig»iie« tuB-d bteB pi'«>p«!Si'ly Bi=tos»itt«d to f^e jtary for tfceij 
detisrmi lotion. 

In the ycp .<^-gie . siit>f@.> tiie question loTt?l-riag 
eoBtributoxy aeg^lgenec sr©se in cK^imectioa with ®a ia- 
etnietioii ift wbidfe %lw trl^l ootirl told the Juiry that if 
tli«y te«lieT«d fTo« «. trt^aderaaec ©f the Bfl&ene^ thfet 
tfe.« plalRtiff iKa» m ^»0t la tfe* autsmobil* at th« tia« of 
tli.« fec©id«riat, »t th« 0imfrjf»0 isTitatisr*, *witbotA sutjiorlty 
te direst @y ic any ms.fisR®T' ©©ntiral "^0 {^ii<la0t ©f th« 
driT€X of the Eut^^oMle, sgbcI tfeat b«f©re and *t th« tia» 
Of %li« s.©9ideBt, »fe« was iR the ex^foise of oirdinary ear© 
for feor ©wa oaf sty, then tbt aogligesoe of tht* drirer of 
tfeo »\itQ^©l»ilo, if *ayt Qoui^ sot be iaiputed to fecr.« ?h« 
«i«rt !i#14 tfefet vmf.et 1li« ei?idf^ii«« is tlsat €sa«», thio in;- 
strtaetioB wms wrong, reisarfetag tMt liistruotloaft should 
l»o giTeB%s aa aid to tho jury, ia d«f©ldlng tbe caa«,* and 
fmrtber, that the plaintiff ims oborn to hssTe h&d a.t lo&ot 
•(|t»9t.l opTJortunity to o^crve the Sk.ppro&ohi&g tr»la «it^ th%t 
P©«se8e«d tey tiie drlTcr of the autosiolJilo* and »b«ing toouad 
to protre the oxereia* of ordinary oaro by heroelf. It ^ao 
BO less her ctety than that of tls* driver to oboerro and 
aprotd ?l36»g8r, if praetioftblo, end to warn the driver** Tfeo 
jttry »4#t woli have inf««rr€d from lastmotion given la that 
OstM that th« plaintiff sras under no obllgiatlon to look o^t 
for dajaigoy sad v^axn tjlso drivor if oho 9l»t«rved it, smd for 



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thftt y««»an the eoart held tfee instraetion was ■tes.d, 

9w|a*a, also l» oolineetioa »ltfe aa iastractlcB, tli« 
givinig of sfelefe i?sji held to be eyyor uadcr ttbe fact* 
tfetT# pyesefit«4, but In our opiBlx^a tfef oaee It not 

KB «-tttia©rity «dii(^ ©i^^rosr-te th« e®nteiiitl«n t!»a-t land^T 
tk# i^Qt» |pr««tot#d ia the Q8,»© at ^r# t^^ nwsrfc shmild 
iutve beld that t.h#ylBiiitiff -«*8 ,^.Uty ©? ©9«trlb«'«to3fy 
iiegllgea<»» ste & siattsr of lft«« I« otir ^riaH^fi, th« 
<l«i!«ti»a ®f wfaetfe.®* t?x« plaintiff t?5^« guilty ^f mm^ 
twlmtawf Bi^lig^a^®, r^y ressim ©f her f*iliir» te lo©k 
to tk« aorth aaid ol!i«eiT» ti»e apspj^a-ehlsg tnty suad tmim 
liftptl &f it, tiBil^r »il tbe oiy0W:amt*BC©s ^ieel©»«4 by the 
#ri4eaee» »&« p^opejly t3P«atM fey tis© trisl <^wyt, s.s a 
itmestlea of faet i©y ewtomiseloa to tte® Jury* «B^er proper 
lastrtiotiQiui not te«J« eoKplalaed of, somis ef '^hli^ w«t« 
stjfe»ltt«d l&y the 4&fe»^®nt, It feaa l3««a li«ld r«|^«ateday 
lasimt it e&saot fe« said, &« a 3aa.tt«i* of law, that a failure 
%9 Xo^lL K^^i oa« la about ta araaa railroad tracks or 
etT«et railisay traeka €»r etruet iatoraectioaa, aaoi-iata to 
a«jgligea<3©, aa a aattar of l®», aai^er aay aaci all alrsruai- 
atmaeet, MbH »• 9r ^' ^* ^ ^t,U f^. Oo,^ 2SS 111. 8l9j 

ftaa T, g. 0. g^ ji g;t, i.« by, c^.. asa iii. is'Sj ghic^-3;o * 

Sertfewastein , n« >:.. Qo. v . 3i,nleavy. 139 ill. 1S3; ;r-oyrl»Ott 
''• Flaaera« SC^ 111. 1B9. In the j£amle»rr oasa, tfee 
gupT«w« C^urt said that *!Jmd©«btedly a falltire to laok ar 
llstaa, especially wfeer^ it «.ffirsa,tively ©p.pearg that 
looking ©r liatealng ai^t hjtr» «me.fele<i the psirty exposed 
to la jury to eer the traia &na trma avoid beiag ini^^rad, is 



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tvideaes^ tending to sltsw Regllgeaoe, n-ut tls.ey arc iwt 
eonoluslt* evld«seft, eo tlmt « eb,%jrg« of »ej?,ligeRoe oftn 
!►« fsTedioated, tiposa t^seai s* » iKJ&ttey of law, tfeer« aiay 
fee fftTlOKK «s©dllfylng eii'«wss®tajiir«s» txcuelBg th« paTty 
from ladkiBg or listeniiaf, bus thn.\ t»«l»|; th.« &i»M^ at 
»©r«' fallaLT« to look ©r listea aBtnsat, »« a legal o©»» 

It is «^ateade^ fuyt.be r thmt th€ damag?sfi awmr^«d 
tJse l^laiatiff itr« tsxG«8«8iT«, ffe« plaintiff ttstified that 
t9t threi! year* pflsr t© the aoeldftat she had tse-fta esipleyad 
«« 6 d«®onst»fttor for ffi, <mlA ermm sad |t©wt«r eoapasy^ eara- 
iiig ©a SB arerag* &f b«t»ft«B foyty ajjd fifty dollare a «eek, 
Aft « yemilt ©f th« lajm.3>i«« sfet y®eelT«d at tfee tl®« ©f 
thl« TOllislon «fc0 w,«aiae<i ia tfee feo»plt&l five day* aM 
then vft« tsiken to tlie bcms of %&0l*9 %dtb.«r irhere «%e re* 
amlned foy tliree moathe, Sfee t«fetlfie(i etoe had five sevem 
ottts areuad oae ©f h«r eyes, Kitb !& -»teee «f ^r«s la her 
eye mnd mn&th.»t ettiolc la th# ohedc l^ne} s.nd mleo tbe.t her 
1>»ek ir&» bfe€ly temrt, Sb« testified tlt«t during the three 
montlia «.fe>ove referred t© feer fuse rta»aiae!i ewolles and 
■blRcfc and blt;ie, snd tJmt she erperlenced p*ia ia her f«c» 
and dteek bene, and tfeat her eye «mtered* the dootor wb© 
teak omre &f the plaintiff tftstifiedl t^at 'he attended ber 
at tfee feeep-ltsJL and tl^at «!>• vae under ble obeervetiaa for * per- 
iod of tbree imjntbaj tfeat e&e reoe Ived a lacerated Injury of 
the fe,ee wadernea^ the rlg^t eye %ad <li>irs ob the noee to 
seme extent; th%t her eye wi&e bloodeiiot ^ni her te^tr-'duot 
wffce not ©i^eratlRg properly #.ad ^e teare kei^t running frem 
h9t eye; th®t in »4dltlan to tteet, rise presented B©»e eyaqBtQaul 



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«f Shook and that iE«%l««e of the «xtr«mlti«8 aad took 
shoved dleooIoratlOB; tfcst hex ejt »»« red and tho 
tissues surroiiitding it wer» black ?sad bluo; ttiat hlo 
trsati^&t cosi@l«t«d of ^ntisoptio applloations} He 
al»© testified tfe&t a ec^r foraed at the side ©f the 
l»oey&tioa ®nd tlsRt tfel® eoar became attac^isd to the 
tiei^iA «ti»l cii(?ek bone msid in m^lci i^e^'^^t beeoos^s oon* 
gested aad disoolsred; tfcat the iiD,|«.3Pjr fe»d resKTlted in 
a eerta-ia aasimt of aerroitte irrltati&a and «?tia«ed » 
sliglit twitc^isg of )>«r igyelld^ whldfe syaiptome are sjore 
aggravated in ml^ »ea.the:e than in imCTi weather. He 
t€«tifi€^ ths-t no ebeoltite :&»s'uraa©«! eoiald !» »s.de 
thsit tfee efJBdltion eotild be remedied} tteat the akla 
oould ^e eepamted fTcm %h& bone, nFtsioh wotsld r.rotw,bly 
ye9«lt la tlie le»»«mlag of Vnt uervame ir-rltatioa, but 
he doulrted if anythiag muld tee doae t«» isprove the 
•ear itself. He t«*istifled "^at tfee yeasoBU/ble and 
oustoisarf ▼alue of tfee eerricee fee 3P®Bd«red wae froa 
11^8 to I150» The pl^ietiff aevei- retiaraed to her ««• 
^oyment^ ^t tfee evidenor e"no«« tb&t «fee laad r;og»l w®re 
Married fe&owt six mo»ths after the aeoidsat. ^^e are ««% 
prepared to esi^* ^ystdf ? &I1 the oiroyuststa&ees di^oloeed 
1^ thl» rtoord, tfestt the dmaat^ges awarded the plaintiff 
\af the |ary are sudft as t© w».rmat this cou^rt in dls- 
tarbing their f lading, fh&t tbe plaintiff r«iceiTed » 
fAittftil iBj^pry is ».pp&re©t» aj^i t*se Jury iroKid ht justi- 
fied i» ooxioIvidiBg from tl^e testiatoegr thet this injur|i 
fead left a eoBdition whii* wowld probably be of long 
stasding if sot ipersaosnt, 

fitm defeQd»Bt eoatends further that the •peoisl 



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-10. 

ipleas filed by I)1b« A^nylag thisit fe« wsib operating tb« 
9ftjp, anl tfeftt t?5« P9T9&R if-=.o ii%e opemtla,?, it irsn hi* 

»«rvimt o:p «n^ge4 in fci» Imsia^rsa, p^t tboec? ,3«att«r« 
in lastefi jsao. tfe«t the pla.iatifl' failed to £<««(t tbe lnjf- 
^a #ii€sfe ««.t h«!y»B, of ©utafellulTiiag lat lca,«t a pyt@jfe 
f&ei# ^,ii« oa eitbei- o» )»@t& of taeai, tb« def^aasait 
di4 ftst detiy ©imeseateip Isy special pl#a, jafid in tfe«i o«)az's« 
id tti« tfial bi@ Qdun«<^ e]cpr«;^g@ly a^iaitted oimershlp^ 
»M 4l8» tbat the a«fe&^at ims In the oajr m the ti»« 
af tbia ft©eidBat» Im t^&t 8%«t# of th« r«eaM the 
]^laifitiff «f^.» M@t ©fellgfid t© gts^isr aay thing fuyther ea, 
th« i»9eca nstisea ^ tfe©t« aptseial pitas, a sLaailar 
^latest ioit imm pm»»«td up&n ^ tfeis sv^yt in |famr a ^ |.dflt it-„ 
"*• ii!^t»&n» «ai«« So. SS2SSJ ©pialaa filed April Bt, 198S; 
net yet i^'t?#xt«dU la tfc^t csiee mi fefild ffent wher© the 
d.i?f«fl^mat imts ia i^suo thf ou#attoa &f the opexatiao ©f 
%h% autesofeilft, ^ fei« ««nr&iit* aiad t^« use af it in 
0CWRn«ctioB ri% bin bu«ia«?»«, alti».0«.^ th« isixrAea ®f 
#«t&bli^iag th® ^flirsati'?® ©b tb,®«# «a.tte3r» tey * gr®at«ip 
wei^Jt of th€ ^vislt'iioe, remains with tJ^« plaintiff tbr0wgb0iit 
th« trials & |> g iia& fi^ ^ gj e <^»* is n«7#rtt>eleds ssade oiit en 
those <^a«stio«» by eitfc«y i^:roof t© tt« effect tbmt the 
defirad£!nt ifms the oDraejr of the automobile o; ma SMisiseioai 
0f $«tien^ip ©a feie p&st, sati ameh fyt«B. facie cfese iseiag 
■&^ out cm these qiiesti-ae by the plaiatlff* either by 
«m«di pr^^t of o^aearahlp or eae^ a.^ie8icm» the btirdea of 
pTSoetitiag irith ^e eirid^aoe oa '^e issues presented by sue^ 
speoisl plea»» is sMfted to the defead^nt. The dsoieioae 
aa tiiie <|«ie«tioB la the vayiaue ^urlssdictioaa are not im 



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hf^rrnQtif, Ip thf mee laat yefpry«d to we »«vl»*ed the 
t«o llae« of deelBioiftS tad we stated that in owe opinion 
the- b«tt^r rea«eaed m.»%m support t&« pTopoelti-O'ii «• atatad 
afeov#, the <ss«#e holding tfe*t, ®n •pl%intljri'*» ssr^of of 

aegiiffenc*© em^ th^t tli® «i«'f««?3«Bt «Rn©<l tb«* oar v*'::!®!! ootlld«d 
with hltt» th® liuMen ©f par©©©«dlag «?lth the tsTaof «hift« 
t« tb« d^fen«!m*t# pyseeed on %h^ theajry t&at tfee letter 
%» to««t stele to abotf? tfestt tfee o»t «*« *tiT«a \3f « etrauiger, 

if su-db iraa the fact, or rm s-^tm «rr&ad havliag no esnn«*0" 

tlsa «lt''i tfe« '^fp.admt'a ls»«ie4ii#«», if tfeat ««.« th« eitim* 

0§ ©re. ISis imtBt r, fnXi^pp., S® fa»fe. 141; . ^rrls tr, if;<^l#y. 
41 s«Y. 4^; | , %eyoTth v, :;^ao4, ^. SS i.J«l,&iF 405} B^^J^d. ...^^Iwy , , 
*• A.aer8cai. Ill, 4pp. Ot. , »uprs.. 

In tfee (wsirse ef tfet iaetruetlans tfae esurt told 
tlhe ^ury that If tbey foimd th« i« u«8 for the plaintiff, 
then. In deteneliU.Bg the «si0%int «f the <te!ita.ge8« if amy, they 
sh^^ild take into ooaeid^rettioa tbe f&ota aadi oireimet&neee 

ift e-^ldftiiee b«&xi»ig tspim the |3laintiff»«iniJ«rl«a aii<S the nstttre 
and extent of mmh injuries, if ^^j, and feer p*lii snd suffer- 
iag rss^ltliig th»'3pefi?©ii, if ntsff *%m4 mlwa nuoh further laiia 
or T5ro«|se©tiire mi© aed e^ffering e.nd loss of te«alth &M 
strength' ae yow asa-f bftlieTe fs«« tbe evldenoc, if a»3r» she 
hme 8«wts.ii»d or »lll eiaetKln in the future \^ rei»s©a of 
eui* iaj^Tles * * • aapd give her ssvdb eiwn tt» In 3r©\?r Judgment 
under fell the evifi^'ne* and Imetrt'ietiofie of tfee Court will 
coffipeiieate feer for tbs» injixrlee etee hst« euetRined, if any, 
«.re elaised and alleged In thfr deelstrsttion herein,** It ie 
eontended that tfe« tris.1 court erred i» >^;lrtB^ tfet pert of 









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tfei« iBStnietlen ifffelof^ is c\iot«d, li»»much a« the declaim- 
tt^a did net ©barg» a ptrasaaea* iRjtiry or perwanwnt etaffer- 
lag, n©y fii€ It smke ft»y ehar-^ w^.loh ipomld support & re» 
eerejy by *>>« plaintiff, Mtiei #n «.tiv fmtxiiT® pain or «uff#T» 
iftg, ia aitr opinion tfee d«clfei*«*loo n©titain«4 atsfficlent 
alleg^tloiMi to »«ppoi^ tfae giving of ttel® iB^truetl-on, la 
b«x AeeXaratlon t*i€ plalatlf* alleged thsti^t Wf^M in^vatBd 
}»f reasaa of t*e negltgeme* of the defea-aist in %he op»«k«» 
tl©» &t ?'ls oar, sa^ eb« alleged th« vmrleus el«««i!j.ta tbat 
«iitieT©# lat0 th# liiJ\iiri«B sfe€! olaia®€ to hair® a-uffcTM ft« 
^ yem;^!* af the ©alllsl •;;»,, sr«S that by F*sas0a af tfe«e« In^turl** 
she tea-d *b0«a w^6» slc^, uervoafi feu-^ dlsord,#r«dl, ss-ad feaa 
so r^salaed ft&4 m&ttxmed &ad does. $e re-ti«,ls n.ni. omitimie 
tip t© th* i>T«e«at tia®# ^tariag i?Jji«^ tis«c the clsiatlff bat 
suffered mid 49^» ©©aHau* t® sisffer grt'ftt fe^dlHy pala s-ad 
a^atal dilstrtpgi aad th&t bjr rtifeaon of ss-ld isjarlea tht 
plalatlff has dt&v«l©p#di laterMtl fUsar-iera &f a grieraaa ead 
falnfal ^Rtare, sa4 wmi »ai is ther<«by felaS^red an<S prsTeat- 
^ asd i^ades-ftd la^patels of perfsrmlnf ber usisrI duties* 
♦ • * sad hs.« IflMBt «ad alXl eontlaiMi to !»«« dlTfirs profltf 
»tel«to she atteenrisa w^'siM feair« acoruedi,* t^lle t>4» <lealar«» 
tloa d9C8 n©t »i>«clfl€»ll.3r »ll«g» tfe®,t eh« vlll suffer p».ia 
«ad (Eatress ia the fatur«, it A&eis allege tiksit tlie not oaly 
Haft ftaffer«*d ^t that abe ootitiaii»» to suffer, s,e set fartli 
ia th@ OjicX&ratiOB, and la our dpialoa that is suff lei«>at 
ta gap-isrt e, re©OT»nr tas-ted oa futurt suff erlag, prorlAiag 
tfe« eTiiJeue*: is siifflel«Bt sdft©i^, 

Oli la fieally coat^adieGl bf t^« d«fea$l&at ia support 









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0f bis *pp«sl tfe»t ^« at-ela-ratloa fil«d toy th« plaintiff 

failed 4© »tat« B. e»^M of astiaa &rtd for that rc>».fioa tfe« 
4»f«R-:3fait«a motioft in mttrnt of 3u4g««nt ihateia; h«T« b«8a 
stastained, fh« b»»la of this caattKttoB l« tfefet th«t de- 
olajratioa failed to eharge any <toty owing frt« this dtfen^ 
«i^ to th« pleiatiff aad tfemt ii*sT« there tr^s ao «u<* ^ty 
th«?« e0v.ld be no nctlanable negligence, it le t»m« that 
th© a©«l*y&tio» d©«» BOt all#fe «. duty of t>!« iefwftciBBt 
toward- tfa® pla,iatifi, ia ao iB®.ay word*, tot la 3t,jy oplaioa, 
1% mm allege sueh faots ».» glv«- H®® t® suefe & ^utj. Am 
ftllefBti'-a ®p«olflo&Ily to tfe« tff«et tfe&t a duty ©xlatsd 
om tfe® i^irt of tb« t«sfeM»at t@w«-T4 tlit plaietiff ratald 
be ^ttt tfe# ooaelusloa of the pleader, fhe p!ro|j«r w&y tio 
QOVtf tfc»t ole®€«it la Si pl-aistifi*s ^tso la a decl*ratleB, 
Is to al le^ tfe© existeao* of «mcfe f&ots a^ ofeo* that s«efe 
a duty <Ii4 exiot, fJ-ds, the dtel&yatioa filed Igr tbo plala- 
tiff la tht c^0» n.% bar, dot®. 

for tls® tm-mmm w« Mm giTea. the Ju(tg«©at of the 
Suptrior Q0*^t la ssfftrmtd. 

I ais \matolft to oa^ouT Ib tfe© iajorlty oplaioa. 
In the first plaee. thrice la a© mi^mm ttoat •these llttlo 
fe^&dllghto/ «hioh Fo^l testlflod ke sat? noo fe«t or 6«^ 






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nwstf to Klg. right # ««y« tt|wjB th^ d«f«af?&Rt»8 oar, And, 
»«c©ndly, if tfe« e«r in istsieli ttst plalatlff i»m« riaieg 
ii®-s goiag, mm liogs.l testified, only flv» or «tlx mllfs tm 
ti«»ttr aaS traveled, wliJ^la •l^® lBit«r»eetlon, 4S f«*?t befort 
tfec e«lll«loa (f^^I 8»yB aett».g« GrOT« aire»w« le abawt 7B 
f«et wide), thta, it tfoyid have t>mn n©©«»»»i»y tor tfee cotsf, 
tliifct f»« 70© f«et aw&y to his .Ti#it, to trav«l, ait least, 
fift«eK tlisea as f%»t, t^»t 1^^, ttam 7S to @0 »il«s %ii hau7« 

Of 6(»\sx'8e, ^9 w§t0 pT^of of s eolllKioa l&«tw#eii 

l^ogal'a aikt aui %fe»t ©f fit* i.«f®yifls8t ^©es aet makt otat a. 
ortiMs. faei« €».st of n#gllg««ia.e ea tfe« pert ©f the defea*» 
s».jat| etp'eoiAlly i» feat trisA wb«aa, »® fetrf, t1^« f^ldenee 

»i^t»;_ , 

'■■";'" ihp®« tfee eridesisf!, aa® salgfet »uarp«0t that tfcit 
llglit» w®Tt oo %h^ ?l.#f«a-]»»t»« et.f, aaa tfe«t st« t^»ip« 
wa© a O0lli?ion,. ev©n th&ugh tbie ^tf'^sa^la.nt^® O'ar w»« at 
■Hie right of ?^©gsil, h«, tfe« €«fissic.)«!Bt, dirt>v# negllgeiatly, 
Iwrt aay* euepldioa d&«9 aat isafe© o^'t a eft®*. The vfifl4«nc« 
aiust b# minirlKtoing, It is »«% ensugfe to proTe S9w; thing 
serely pla-usible. ffeer^ muBt 'oe ouffieient «vt«eince to 
impel the ©jnclusiuft, a« the result Qt rftti^saX thought, 
ths.t the Bftctssp.ry fAots are tru»» 

ItmBuvt^ s« tfe® i^fiaimet s'^'ows ttet Vm o&it with 
»tba«# lltU« fe«t44Ug|bts'* ^ « "^CO f9<st away, thst that 
Cai would feaiRi to twiVdl from 75 to SO kII^s ^n >ionT to 

eoUi4« »itb K#gal»« iSMrj «ni a« t:h?r^ l» nj micnc© tfest 
tto« defead&at«« emr ws-e the or® titat tea.* the "Itttlo &«»*• 



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llgntf"** on; it follows thst tb<& oaly proof of the «tll?»g«d 

iwgllgtse* oi %hm defiP!R#iit ll€f» la the single fact ©f 
««lll8lQii. that. In my jiad-gmenit, ae I have «sld, is 
B«^ e«-«»ugt*., Oonsl«'r- ring tJa«t It wj;<« tte« otelipition of 
l5li» plalBtlff to -fsake out » <m^u»«s ©f ».etio»» It Men not 
»«fw re&feonetelt t0 »« o? Just, er s.ceording to ttie lair, 
t® Millet ttee aef eia;:^.at la dtaages «n siiote f«ry JBe'®.g®r, 
OBamtlafmotarjr itBt im«3oavla@lag «vl4«-noe »8 tiie i*«3ord 

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lIoAo 60 



% _,_y Opinion filed March 10, 1936, 

opiald& ®f tfee court. 

1^# ftlalBtiffe l>T«m0fet this aetlos la ttee 
Mwaiciiml S^urt of ?^issRg©, s«Pls:iBg to w^T^r aif>«».^» 
wiftidts %h®y all»f#4 tmi^, %#ea emff^rfd s« «. r^iswlt of the 
«t«ticm #f the etefeaasat in gellts® t^so. lot® to a third 
^rtjr, ^i«h the plat stiff* ©ontendiNI 'h^ had. €^B.traiot®d 
in wrltisg to sell to thtm, -aiader th«5 tcnas «•* forth la 
tli« o^atraet; It be lag further c^Jt«B.<lt?l Isy tb<» plaintiffs 
that the aefeft-3?dat «fi-lv«d «r, etrldt cfasrAl^nee iflth th« 
terms of ^« contract, e© f^r s.e thr- tl«e «uBd simi?aBt of 
the pfejrjaeata it eallM for aa tb«^ ji^rt ©f %h.m pls.iB%lff«! 
was e©nc<*m«<a« th« laisues »0.de fey tfte mrtlea ®r th?;:ir Dle»d» 
la(pi w«r« swl«attt«<l to tH« trial €«surt irltbout a jury, sad 
*t tfe« eaaclusloa ©f tfes b#ariag, ccMSisel f^r tl?« plJ?.itstlff« 
8^^wyitte4 o«rtalfi writt«a propositioBS of law, wfelcte h« 
asked ttes eourt to holiS ^.e the law governing In the case, 
bmt tfe<s ©owrt BBirked the® refused, fhe '-^©f^jnd-^ot suteaitted 
% metloA asking tk« oourt to find the issuss in his favor 
WkA tls« <^urt »a&0^aG#4 thst the def«nc]&nt*8 adtioa wovdd 






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1»» allowBil, After tfes-t laad. t«.*:«?i pla©«, e<3*iaapl for th,« 
plaiatlffs stated ttoat tli« plnintlffs wovld takt a noti* 
mn%t Imt th«? «snjyt «l»Rle€ tb^lr «oti©« for « non-suit, ^aad 

properly •«« a« it csa»s« too Isttt, W#l8^. £1 ll, ^« Oftm^ 
20S 111. %p, 361, tJi« tmitTt thm fmmA tht Itteues agaiaat 
lilie pis in tiffs Rnd »iit«re^ ^wagiaeRt tMt th«gr tek* ROthiag 
1^ th«ir eult, t4B4 f©? «ost8. fh« claistif fs bmre perf«ot«d 

this *p'-»«;l f'p©® tfeat 3m<l,ggje?iit» 

liai«* dst« ®1 Octofe«r II, ItSO, th# paTties feer«to 
^atfT^d imto R matrs.ot Ir writlag, ■aadtr fefee ter»» of rhieJi 
1^« plaintiffs agretd t® Imy «,bA tfee- d®f®E,4amt agreed to sell 
the tm& l0ti is ^.utstltm, for th© ©•«» df #178©, O0« Th« 0oa» 
trsset ^ovidftd tfest tfet p^Tcfeaia® prle® for th®®.c lets ras t© 
be ps-ld by tfe« plaiatiffe ■»§ follc»«»j fl78,€!0 upoa the 
e*«<mti<>a af the* <s^i!itimet, rstoeipt tf #il®b w«s.8 ao%:aowle-tlg«d 
ftt tfee tia« tfep ©ontrs-ist wa® elostij the k*l®.iiet of |1©O2.O0 
t& fee mid l» sontkly piyffl.f»t» of flB.C^ or ,«®r«, lael tiding 
laterftst, e>« SoV»«b«r 11, 1^0 j an'^ fXS.OO $r »®r«, inol'si^ 
iag IntftT^st, Qn tfeft tie-res tife tl*y &f m^ aad «very ssontfe 
th^n&iter *iaBtil Oeteber 11, lt§8, v^en any «ap!iiA telanos 
beoo«»8 dto® &Bd psyafeln," All payssents irtr« to b» b»<I« ftt 
tti« ittmasird frost # i»ving8 lJ«tii.i£« T!»e lutersst ims at 6 
P«r ef;8t, payiiblc mmtltly on nvkdSt su» aia migtittfeNsa b« r««K%lo* 
lug aa«, U'B^er tfe«t terws of tfet coiitraet th^ plaintiffs »lso 
nmdertoei: to p»y fell •feax#s and &ae««8®<snts l«tl«d. -apctn tfe« 
lots mibe«^«^Bt to the fe*F 19t0. flje cg^ntrnct pxori6eA 
tha-t In ease af t^■« failure of tbe plalRtiffa to rgaJce «jay 
of tfe« imyffl^Bts pi®Tt4«<l for, th® ooatrmet sfeaul d^ s.t ths 
«p4»ioa of t&e «l«fe]id^&t, *b9 forfeited aad determined,* &iid 









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that la that ev«at ^* plaimtlffe fr«r« td forfeit all 

^iraent« <im-ir by thes In liquiA^tljn of all Aufflagts, 

la addition to tbr ;»aya»nt of fl78,oo, (being 

10 p9X o«nt ®f Vm i>tiTdha»« prie#) cslled for ur^on ^ 
•xecution of thf emtttrset, it wa« agr©««5 that tb« ■•-lain- 
tlff» pid 'apoB tli« «&«feft day th^ fwrthsr sua of 172,00, ;tnd 
a ssoa'^ iRter, Movaesbey 11, 19:^0, ibh«y ps^lA fftO.OO, fxcrpt 
for th«M« payKftnt* the plaintiff* did not pay any sja^unt* 
to *h« dftfes-te:!!* 9B tb« dates caiX«d fOf fey tHe ters« of 
the o©atr!i,ct, nf-ssely, on tli® eleventh of «8^ ana «?v«»ry 
aaanth. it w&» ^gr^eH, ho««ver, tfe»-t ©n Jasiiaary !!>, 1951 
tbey ijald 160,00; ea Fefeyut-ry 2S,1©31, |lCiC,COi ©a Amg&dt 
as, 19S1, #30.00; n^isA ©n ^rcfe a©, 1^3, I3S.C€. Qm «ay 4# 
1S^3, tfe«y i»ld tfe« ipscr&l ts.x«9 l«?^ed an tfee lot* foT 
th« year ISSI, s^esimtlKg to tS6,06. % Amgust S, 1923# th«y 
a«t40 a ftir'tt^er pmy»«nt t©-wi^.ra the |>nroh%8e pries, aaountlng 
to tSS#SO, and an October If, 1^>%, a sl.iiil&r imyiseat ^sajs^inting 
to ISO.C^. On KoTe'aber §6, 19I5S, they ?^ld & spiS^cial aaesss- 
meat leri«d against tfee lote, a^-^aatiag to |66«97, and an 
@ee««b«7 6, l^S, the plalntlffa latld the first laatftllwnt 
of a. «?j«elal a»a«ai?m«at «hl^ls had fee»ii (tue »ine« the pro- 
▼l&tto *i^%mtj, oaso.ntisg to |301.48» In %h& follaving «prin|E, 
na««ly, ^®, B«.y 1, l^S, t!!a« ic>'' alatlf f ® paid tbe gen^eral 
ta3E*tt levied *i5Stia»t 1l»-t lots for th« year 19152, asuounting 
to 137, ^. Ml. tfeeso p8y»«Bt» a»4« toy thf? plaintiffs to- 
v«ird th® pwr«^afc« of t)ses« lota wader t'-:i» coatr».ot «.ggT*» 
pito aosetbing over liOO.C©, 

It further appears frwi tfe* rteord tbat wlfhoxst any 
notioe to 'ttie pistintlffo, this property ws.s «old by the d€» 



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f^ndant on Ootober 16, 1935, to on« ^Hegftl. M« teetlfled 
tlisct h« htd no kmowledg* of l^e iftf^n^^at in c»nn«otloa 
tritk tlxe puroh&stft of thes* lots* but that he negotlat«d 
for thmiz pur<^»s« throv^ one wilila««, *who repr^aented 
Ml, 00llln»,* and tfeitt ^haa h© jmld th« eejafildemtloa for 
these lot«, which w«-» |4,00C, *Bd yeo«lir«d M« deed oonv«y- 
ing the title ta blm, the d««d. *!S:8 signed by th» -Jefea-ij-rat. 
t« a-i* »©t mdvissfi ^ »tty te«tl8BSniy la ^«? r«>o©rd rfe« Mt. 
Oc^lXllui trajB. Press^ufflEblyji he was » re»l «sti!!,t» »iir« fer th« 
l»t» la cjwstlwa wer« l©oat«d iigi moeV. 1, In "Cbllias 41 
€^«c&%l«t*@ Fr®.aei80© At«, Sub-divlslcm,* Lat-'^T, hv.t the 
yecoTd de«s n®t dl©0lo®e 3*8t rhtii, %fe« pl«.iatlff« app«.i>» 
emtly discefrered rhst fe«,d tftkem Fl«n&t» aad OB i»,Tdh 10, 
13S4, tJMfy t«iKifer©d. la e»rr®noy to tte» d»f^n€»-at ttte 8*«oii»% 
whteh tfe^ el&i»®^ im« re^feinlag dae blia f i?oai thc^si under 
tfee terfflB of tfe« eoatj'S-ct^ i&Bd ^.f d«f«ii,is.©t r®fu©«d th» 
tender, wi^out sp«elfylng mnj grouad for %'m refusal, tout 
Bi«r€ly «iylag • sscor?1ing %& the testlaony la the reooTd • 
that 'hB ted *aotfeiRg to do T?itfe Itt* S\itoa««i.P»tatly, t&« 
I>l«ilatlff8 loHtituted thie ftotioa s^gmiast the aeff?nd^at« 
So fai" M the yeeerd ebews this eoBt^aet m-de no proTlsioa 
with »«'|pird t© the tl®e irhtas -i^ft pleiatlffg -rere to r^o^lvo 
l^elx de#d, nov diooff It »ppefty «ha ira« ia pooaoosida of tlto 

4 la UteppoTt of the J'ttdp^nt, i*e d^^ndnnt miatea-Ja 

tliat ttee plaintiffs toyeschsd the coatTaet ^ fttiliajc to pay 
tfce s«ia of fia.GO OT s©3P« oa tfe« elereatb day of ea^db sad 
ev«ry laoath, sad aliro by thplr failuT* to p9,f th^ ««C!OBd 
lasts- llaoat of & 8|>«elssA assessment ^hi^h bsosa* due la 



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$immxf 19ES, ».iia »^hl«* ir»e pki6 utt<?eT ^.Et» of Cctob<ir 1«, 
ISTB, th«» date ef tis« iftnle to Riegpsl, tfee- rroslpt for thl« 
pe.y.3jeafe b^iag l««.wed t© a<»lllB« * U'«(XJ»tlet. Shilt the 
lsi«t pgyjfifiwt a»dr by tJic plstlatiffa toward the fauF©b»8« 
prie« «ad.er th© oonltT^et wms i,R Ootob&y X92s, a y«*&x pnox 
to tfe« «»!» to B.ieg«i, t55«f o«ml4 fe& ««.id, to fe« iB default 
at tfe.« tta» ©f the a?*.!.? to Hle^l* In only a amOl a«Oi.nt, 
a» f»x sKJB %t-0p» payaemts are eoBceraed. tte tot&l p*y»«mt» 
:MI4« iJf the pi*:- stiffs towart tli« i;'«x«d!m«« isxloe, hmj^M. %h» 
Inltlatl p©ya«>Kt ©f tl?S»00, aa^cated to $4,22mQO» if tfe» 
plaiatiffs ":m4 ?mid tlS.^ a» tfe^» #l@v®ist!i -lay ®f taok t.Rd 
rvery m^eatb- «f t#x tfe.* «x«e*Atl<ia of th«r «os»txmat tfe«y »©uXd 
hare bs!«n r*%,lr«€ t® pay yat«^r i^« ter^s of th« <K>atT®>et 
aa &gg:,T«gP!-t« of f4S8,00, «iarlag the period up to Oetob«r 
11* 19S3, • #10,00 Korfe t*i^a thffy did jsay. TMs dl»r#gR«^» 
the intatm^f. tl5i.#y sfeowLd h?»-T«i pmifi %m^^r the t«r«8 ©f th« 
«roatraet» Wat it is elestr J"r«s tli# «*vl,iJenee' i« th« t^.q^t€ 
tfeftt %b«j i^ftte* O'f th# p®y«©at8 otllnd for by tfei? rioatrftct 
fe»,i3 "feeiaa #Btlr€lf d.l©regerdLe^, eo far a» t^f pi. alfitlf fa sfer* 
ocKC^riM^ »iir3, th»t t?-.t«* ht-fv fe«{;ii e&tly^-ly ROtiwloaood In by 
the AddKoodmat, its* def??ao^-nt ooatenAe tlisit th« fs,«t t^at 
h« ftea«rpt«d ai&re thaft IIS.OO is tli« s&se of oftcdi of th« 
IpnyAoats iai»d«9 oould mot ^r-ossltily sle|«ad tb« plaintiffs 
iat® tij* cuelitet ttet they «r«r® »ot required to |»»y the 
i&«t&llBt#fi^ of |1S»C'0 P9T aafttfe call«d for by tfe« ooa- 
tr»dt s^tt the «l«vi^Btli d^y of e»s^ «&d «7ery aiosth. tn 
oar opifid^a th^t dees not ^ to ^e p&int iwrolved. The 
fact t^t la ao m&a^ folXofrlag th« first otc^ath of tbe 
e»«tr»ot period »&« & payaitnt «?i-;it by tna i^lmiatlffo mi ths 



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«lc»T«iitii day of the %oiith ss.ad %h%^, the psyisumts as th«y 
wcr« Eft!^©, rere «ll reeiT'lved without cn»i8#jnt or obj€fcti>n, 

iTOuld reaaoaably Idsnri th« pl«,i«ti.ffe to o o^tlude th.-' t the 
r«oulT«»enta of tfci* <^»at7aet, with T-«g«,rcl to tfi» «*i5ilng of 
tbeftft p^y^eBtB, sete being wpIvsh* s>nd %}%».% they «»©r« not 
gi»iag to be ls®lA to ». ^strict n&i&rAif^nm *flth the tcixm* df 
tte« EKJutratst in tteat i^fmrti. It lis the furtfeer f50nt«'ntiim 
of t^« aeifendiitat tbat ^.sviag w&ited six ii^onths after title 
to tfe* lots waa cofiveyeeS to ©uothwr, befort nftlring thg'lr 
tCBcSer, It mint be pres»«e<S t^s.t tihi^ Plaintiffs bt.d w.?>.lv«<l 
aay rigbtai %fe#y ?*s.tl. und««r thr ^ati^at, Itv o«r oplmlfm, 
tltn-t Koateatlcm is trntewblie, <sa tisf* »Tid«!a<5«« la t>»i« rtioord, 
whidh fails to i»ho«' vheii the r/l&latifl« dls0ov«red tfe*t tfesa* 
lets hiaii ^e«ii «old tc fija»«@BS ela«, 

fbe #isf«©<i-«Ri, having ««*^» fit ts naive styiot 
0^6it;iliasas« ifit' th€ tern* ©f %be <^atra.ct with rega,rd to tfe# 
aalflag »f t&@«« d«ferre«l r/feyjaests by tiic plalatif fs, oould 
a©t th'treaftfiir, without dftfault hf theia aftPr BOtioe to the 
«tf«&t t^t >Je iBov'ld In t.'Jif fiit^r« reestaly* a strict eo«rll^-n«« 
la thii r«^-rd, aeil th« pr«p«ytf to dth(?y« and t'rraa pwt it o-ut 
«f his power to 0««i>ly with th«» <5<mtris>st aiastlf. |>#oJk^ et $.1 
"''• Jyi^^tOB -s:^.^ m ill, SOOj leal4 v. '^ti&M.^ #.t al^7 5 
111, 17i fhs^yttx V. Megfeer. BS ill. 47C; i^itydgr y . .garniell. 
105 111, imi yhayer ▼. .-tar MjniB^ Co,, ir.g ni. 540; 
Watgoa ▼ . -:hltgp ISS 111. g64i M-^Rgon y . Btrngdemp 159 XM, 61; 
E , a.ataa ▼ , ^:eh«.eid»r» 185 111. SOS; liib^rBji^B aanK 4a sp. ▼ . 
a«ll ^ Poller Ocal ;je.„ 181 HI. 4pp. 581; Mkm v. .l^ortfei 
j^trloatt PBioit.. 1 8@ 111. App,. Ij Vi&e-^ v. j er^^tieon^ 88 Ul. App. 



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136, Some of tleee <»^«ee JarolTed bills in •Qt^lty, 
s«ekiag e 8T)«oifie performance of the coatrmcts there 
iavolved. fnieh a auit would be ©roper whero th© de» 
f«fic?*Bt veadtor etlll fe«.<i *»# property, teutt In the 

o&ae at. i3fax, sa-f tpr tJie dr'f«ad^jit -Vigadoir had oonvpyed 
title to th^. |HN»p«rtji to «jfi«>th«r n.n4 thtm plao*^i, it 
l>®3foa4 hi* p»w€r to t>«jfforn a.n -aetlea at lew for dsi8ie.g«8 
was t>s« pr«-p»r irem«^. It 1« not enotm thfet the pl&lntiffs 
f&iled t® est/Biply wltfc Rny ©f tfee t«r«e Qf the eoatraet, 
#3tcspt iritb xt^rd to tl'40«« re^iir€®«mt», tij# strict i>«r» 
formaaee ©i" »ni(^. the deftadsLUt Itad wslred. -^ere feoth 
p)ft-rtiiHi ^ t;fe.c oGStraot cmlllsg for #j« dtlirery of goods 
©3P "fee aoii'yeysuot of property Ibf oae #f tfee ^rtlef, ufott 
th« «o«i>leti©a of oert&ia myments on desigoftted «ii»t«« by 
the ©tfeesf party, «*e ttoatlBeiag t@ tT*att t^« contr«ot 
aa In feroe, either p»rty etslug %hm other for ^.s»&ges s&uaed 
hf mi sllfcged breftoh ©f tfce te«8s of the msntr^-ot, %ill be 
r6!?-ulr€jd t0 Bh&Tg tlmt M him%B\f fefes ftJlfiXled all tht e©a- 
dltloiis c^lltid for Ajad^r t&« cjaatraot ©b feis p®rt, Tfeut 
sit«atisiB 9»m l«for# thli» oaurt iJi arowa opal gp. t, 
Cfeyt&ry;illg 't^eh«%i Ooal jo. ^ gSl Jil. 659. Bnt ^ere, 
altbau^ tfee eaatraet provid«d tUat ti«« ah&ll be of it« 
«sse&o@, t^« partlftSt by tl'«ir d#i^r(»« of dealing, inter* 
isrst tualr abli^tioa* to %k^ tstrntrary, - the vendor »«jo«pt« 
iBg p^j^meats aftcer tha dates called for by ^e onntraot, 
without e&»0l%iiit, • hie oosduot will be eonatnaed ee 
saBOttatlng to a w&lTer of the ri#t to r«ri«diate the oo5ft» 
tmtot or of the rifd-it to r*<Jtiiir« etrict perforaanoe on tbo 
fisjrl of th« veedee as to :pfey»ents, &e » conaitioa pree«deat 
to t&e f^Afillaient ot tb« seller** ©bllpjstlQn* or as to a 



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eondltioa pyee«deiit %© the rl#t of the hvtytt to »u« the 

seller for dniBiigftB for the for?!*** t>y t^« latter in rcpudlat* 
log tfe« (^ntiKtct emtir«ly, fs^ah tfa« th« situation pre«ented 
in lit {da & Jn. r, Kew PhiQ Wmabed Coal Qb. . 16$ III. App. 589, 
A siailsT sitmation was involved in f Idgy v, VerpiaQ^, yuprfc. 
whieh ir; 8 sx oa3« laTolTlng the s&le of real ewtate. The pro- 
j^filtions of l&w rbl^h t^e aourt refused t© feold wtr© tft 
tii&t effect «nd It »»« ermr to ip«f\j«» tfeea, lowerer, they 
•«rv« BO imrpose in this ©s-urt, y. g. a &t* U Ky. Co. ▼ > 
%i<snmi v.%%r f^, Co.. S OO III. lesj <^ha v. Aratstroaa: Yirf. ^.nd 
Tulc&iiiriBie Oo». 33e Ult App. 8?2; Broifn v, 4tyaod. Z?A ill, 
App, 77, ie fe&Tt exaaiaed tfee «»««s relied np^a by the 
defead&at in c^jBteiidiag tfe* csoBtir».ry, ^it tliey are i»©t at 
14,1 i» poiat« beiag t© the effect tkst sn sftloa withowt 
€»a«ldemti9a is b. astre 0ft er which aiay "be withdnttm at *af 
tiae* wltboKt E©ti0«, The»e pltlatiffe w(&t« aot givea 
aa optica to bay tfeie property, b«t tfee ^ef«B-^.?i-at entered 
iato » Mading eoatr&et of sale ^th thea, l.T«a thaugh th^ 
w®re la iSefault t© «©»« extent the dtfeiviaiit ir»8 not la * 
P08itiea» wlti-.out glviag tfee« a r«a»sai^ble ©ppertvaiity to 
maplt «itf! tbe terse ef t^e coatraot* «.» to the p«yffl«Bt8, to 
sell the property to eomeoae ©lee, in view of ^h%% Md %a.fcem 
plaee* efflouatiag« -.ae «e hold* to a waiver of audk etriet 

(M»apll&aee. fhie ».|jplie8 aot oaly to thB payaeate due uader 
%h% ooatrart oa the puroh@«e prloe but to the eeo^ad last&ll* 
seat of the speolal aeeettaaeats whiofe fill dae ia Jaauary 
IMZ, for tk&re had also beea p09t^>oaeseBt in thepayaeat c^ 
l^e first ia«t all seat, - ao f«r ae tlse reoord ehowe, without 



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-9- 

UMf eaapl^lnt f-mm the defende<iit« firsts tbit stc^nd inotsill* 
mmnt mus imid ».t the time th€se lots w«re ©old to f?i«g#l. 
It «ay not b* said, from any «vldesoe that a?'i«MRT« la this 
T@cord« that sudb payment ir&s is l»ebfi,If of tHis d«f«nd* 

iKXlt* 

la t^" (Kmrne of t"-;© trial ttje plalstiffe Intfo- 
dtueed evld.sB©*' ttndiRg t© ®ho» the fair canh aarlcet v&lu* 
•f th«»e lot* «t.t tb# time they iif«?re ooiiv«iy«d to nli&g«l in 
OeiloldeT, XMZt 1%*t evidence ime lffi«*terittl. The plfeia- 
tiffs &re adt contsndlng th&t the lota were told to Hiegel 
for XissM tb&B they were rortfa» fterefore, tfee laiportaat 
qii«8ti&ia i» aot «^at ws re tht lot« *ortb tout wh&t ws-.a tfe« 
aso^uat imld for tdts 1;^ Ei9gel sjnd rsotlved ^ tlie defend* 

Wli«re t^« rtdr«tea8»y fe»« asade p®,yamt» «a sceowat 
of tfeii tfwri^ms® BTloe, ®Bd tl^-e s#ll«r has defaulted by ooa- 
▼•ylag t^e pe&pettf t© mnotfeer »ad ao coatentloa ie ma-dt- 
t^att the selling price is lees ^wr the aunrlGet fs^lue^ the 
pto-mr aeaemTe of d«ia*age», otused by the fftiltarc of the 
teller to fialfill the oonttaot, is the dlff«Jt®ae« laetweea 
tbt telling isTioe to euoh tbird fsTty, «n4 eo amc* of the 
eoatT&et price ae remalas unpaid. wiHiatoa on Ooatngtott* 
fol. S, see. 1»9S, fhc pl^latlff*' «K>at©titioa »a to the 
|(rop«T jaeaeere of df^:j$^get« ho»eTer« ameuate to the sasae t-^iag^ 
aaaely* thai they axe eatitled te the dtiflereaoe betweea 
tuck telliag prXe^ to tfee tJ4rd i^rty» aad the ooatraet 
9Ylot» plvm all tfeepaymeate they h&d aaaade. In order to 
determlBt ^ese datBa^ee it la a^eeeeary to t&kc into eoa* 



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sid^rfttlon not onlf tber a^ouAt remaining due froa th« 
plalatlffe to tJift defendant oa the purebft8« prlee* ot tih« 

«^«^*^*« auKOimt they had ps,l(dl oa th« |>ureba«e prlo«, but 
th©T« asmft a..la» b« t8Jfc«» into oooslderatloa all taxea s.nd 
®pff©lal a®«s««!smtRt8 «s.R<i -sis© th«? aiattc? of lntpr«»t. It 
1» n©t -psscibl© to aeoiarately dcte^fKin® th©a« eleiseat* 
iBtie d«aag««, from th® evi^fjaoe in tfeia rtoatd, sad for 
^«tt reasoB w« urm of th« optalo® tliat «■« «t« B©t in a post- 
tioa ts fix th«pl&lntlff«* dam^^gta and eatfr iu.dga«-ftt in t*ii» 

fdSP the y««i,.»««ai 6tt.t®d, th# Judgjeetit of i&« 

to ths-t mvrt for further proe^ediaga a©t ineoasisteat 
'K'ith t^« iri0«tt Herftla e«t for^« 

jtiasMiit R-ffimis ASS mmn mMmmu* 



tkYhon km Q*(mmn, jj. <j::.Moim.. 






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541 I, A. 6 

Opinion filed March 10, 1926, 



ar *^'i« app^^l the ^©feateat o©rp®s*s,tli:m »««ka 

lif tfe« |*l,3aiBtlff mthBt^ la %h^ Siraitt Court of 0©®k Sfeynty, 
tfee issm^i v^vm tfi«fd fet-fa^-e & JujTr ».»4 t^t t^e oiossi* ®f *11 
tfc^ «^vid^aa» tht eoiJTt la»tr».ct«4 th« jary t© fliad %ht> 
Issues f©3p th(S' plaintiff, a veTdlot ««^« yettemed st0c«r«l« 
lagly, &«ses«l£kg ta« pla:Ji«tiff •« dsteagee «,t the amount for 
whic^ Ui© 4udtp«!iit «ms tl}«a r«a4i?^r«d» 

the ROt«! iixaed w^aja in t^tls ea»« is oift* of » 
serl«» ©f thretif, on nhinh %%^ pX»intiif hr^v.0i\ t«j^rate 
&^iOB8« th*- 0t^*ii»T tw* being liwalTed In &k»€» iW&79 nM 
#S0S4S, ia ni'iot «'« &r« tfei» s1*jf filing- ®|siBlaiig, T*j* 
€iri*"i«sie® Mpp«*rl»g in tfe« ms* at 'b»y lui »o««wfe«t «oy« fwll 
tlsta that e|jp«»»3flag tn the rscord in es8« #50S7S, The 
w»%« l«rv«»lir«d iB tlift (m»e stt 1»a.7 «a9 ^t«d fishn»-rf 5» 
19^4, («« weT» S.11 of the note« iH tMs e^rlet,} s-a-S »a» 
ii«« ¥&vemheT 1, lt3^*» ^s lis, th.« 0R»# of t^<» otfe«r Q0t«s, 
it wft* exeimted fejr tii« detcmdajat ©orpfiTstiom 6ad dirmwa to tl?« 



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tlieae two ?»tye^« In hlmk* The pUlrttlff te»tin#d tfent 

h9 tuimirmd thits not* f»«Ma th* ti»© P&,r<l««« on AugUBt SS, 

lti«R tl-5« pMiatif f bfed swbatltUrt bis grlsajf^ f^ott 
parotf «m^ r^sttd, fe^ »,« reoalled. »0 & wit&«e.s foT tfe® 
^ef«B-^»«t. ®«»i li« th«ii t«ffl1iiflt<a tte^it tb« a©t« fe«:r« m9A 

ptrgsOBS-1 notes wbJLofe i».» fe«ld 5*.ai whlafe %te»y hm glir«n fei« 
la eonneetioa wltl* ^"s iitei«fete4a€*«» of il2,0©o, ^v^Xoh they 
©ima klf^ f©!* m^mwf f%in\i»km Isf hia i» paylag i>-r«»lim« ©a 

ift3r?5e««, o©tiii»«l for tte 4«feM»at t'.^» mk^6 thm witmm 
it i% wn-B m% 8 fm«t tim* tsil» (Uht of t]^# J%ap3tt8 te Mia 
»«i» |MRl^ tey t!5«« rnfum hn *o©!c tiiia «®t« ©f tJie aeff-ad^-nt 
a.s ©olls.t«yil «!«omrt%y, n-md h$ mM it h&d mt hmn^ Cmxa- 
R^ thtm &mkeii. him i«fe«tfe#y It nem «©t « ft,et ^ftt fee lia<3 
t««tlfl«4l, t«» this o^i^trary 0«v«?al ««»)stJifS j^i^vi^ualy, in 
conneotl©© wit!* ttj« tyi^l ef e%«« #«OS?a, {la thla ooi^rt) 
m»d ten ©bleotiSE lfkttyp<»ied» r%.s «us!tmiB«»4. i« ouy opialon 

®«>\£ld r.®t t®|>««t«ii l^is ©wa wltfi€?®», h« Hfe'l the right to 
pTdfet hl« ■ro©n»«l«ae«i Isy «.etiag the Quuetloa hMtm 0tej©«t«<l 
tOp sltliotn* it is tmm te« woulrt h»T© bft«!a beusia by tfe# 
.w&«w«» glVifi. g|,lteg_v. ?t^ E . t-mifl til 111. &PP, Sa4, fea4 
«fe»«« their* oit»a, fhf. plaintiff rse then it«iktd t» pxi»^o« 
a. wmrrsiiity dmm<& wi>.ldfe Is© IiasI, r««edv«a from th« ^^i-lees aft«» 
t&i:ia^ th% not# la suit as ^llst«r&l weeus-lty, la vst,i^ 
<isM tfe« i»».Jf4S««« lifed «s«»BV#y«4 ttertstla r«ftl ««i8t«t;«? to biai. 



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Thl« iSl««d i» «■ »tr«.lj*1i 'm.TT'^nty d#»<a fysm the two l*!tTde«« 
feRiJ ^^eir »ltr«», to the plPlRtif f, e«»av«>yinf o*:rt?lii r**! 

j«©* t© t«© truBt cieecJu, t^jls fired w*» <l®.t«>4 £*«pit«»b«r So, 
1^4, sai btare » t30 reveaae !sst«t59,|5, Th,» oourt a-ssked th« 
witB®«s If tbl» deed im» taJls.«a t^ hl» an a aort^g* and 
h« sftlt it ««»• aoua8«l f#r t^e Sef^ni^nt then ftaic:«d hla 
If i« v%« aimr« of th« «lgjiiflft&oe of tli« x«T«mi« staa^ 
attK^ohed to ^« de04« «x^(i ebjedtie^ai to ttot «|u«ati0a w&a 
3u»t«tiais^, s«xia»€l ti!#a a«k«d tfe.® plaiatiff if It wsmi net 
•t fa#t» *tli»s.t wfe^B ymt irf^©«tv#d tbi« d®«s3i you 9wry«ad»!r*d 
t4» tfe« l^,M««wi all tbf ^?®t«8 «fei«fe tfe«jr ©wad yi.rm,'* %nd ht 
aaawes-f!.* tte^.t fee- did. 

^is #lta«iis te-'ttfytiig- for tbe dtfsfR^at f«rt?s#^T, 

«tat«-a th*t h© imtX u. oaarei'Ras.tl&a »it' ®n« Kias«Ie|r« of tlt« 
^f?*ndtojat ee«jja.ii3r, sfe©\it fewp»«t i, I9t^4, la t«latio« t© th« 
ps.fa^at sf tfe« first of tfee tliy«« a^tftn rMoh h<i beld aM 
whieh was dts* st tlrtat timt (%hm m®t« i»TOlv«d Ib tsast #Sa§73) 
tka^ ^«t at tfeet tia« fee did fi®t feeld tb* »©te »u«!3 w|m>i5 
i» tl*te mM9 i;-ad did si©t ^m^itt It tmtil neaiylf a mcn-fe 
lat**, M® *»« aBlt«d iwfeftfe«i' Kr. I.ia|g»ley »«id naythlng to 
£iiai is t&at oextv^rsKtioii to tl^e effect tliist tli« i'ayd*«s 
nef* lBd*bt»d to til* def *fi eat eorporation^ tnd be amid h« 

41d sot rtciUll aay »u^ oiMBTtfMitieifi. Ttei» ^c»ti©tt »ft« 

l^ea a,9k«d} "Oid©»t fee t#ll fm. tfemt 1*e Pftrd««» «*r« la- 
d«l>t«d 1» th« «o»por»%ioii aaci f^r tb*t renton ■**t(p. ao Ivsager 
aona®0t«d »itb %h» eowpB.igrt* asd he »a»'s^re'd, » I, a»y bavt 
1d»ii«ft tfemt ^nfwmf,* Follawlng that, fe« »!»• »0]lc«d If ^'j^ did 
Im&ar it «^«m b« t^ok tl)# n&%9 in suit* on IkCgust S8tb, ^od 
fee e«ld fe« did set. Qa CHrose'»«iEamiaya,tioii s»f tv^is ^fltsesis 



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f^t g«Uj?-*tai^ h&m '%»X^&iM. .lit 1.--... --^-'S ts.Ki''« ;f'i .^•©s-.i 



^:- tmfm^- . ::/»»!•«•!»« «-^' -fee- ■ tVTi' 



1^ his own Goxin««l« he tf'vtlfled thnt ftt ble 09nr«T«ft%le»A 

iritis Utftipil*y* th« l&tt(tr tGl<i his t.^>iit th«s« not«« h«.d 
1»««n *jgiir«B *«» th# l»%rd«©t for ei^ntys thst ver* ti2rae<a 

©▼•r by the r-9if<le«» to the <K>3r?:^raiti--'\ii fr©« » asortiis^g* on th<» 
(HlghiftoA pi^yk) pro&erfy, »,«^. t^^tre notes treyc to be p*id 
when they «f*rt toft, thus fBabling th« J'%i'-'1«*« to rsrpsiy the 
»OTt^i»»* <^ rhiefe tli« J*air^««« ha4 am-istd tixt «oa«y thi*y fe«di 
tmmed orey to th* i3®rp«i*feti©nj ?5-«(f< that th«^s« jaote^ iFey« 
given tot the r«paijr«6at of tft« «i©Tt^ge, tout inetimd of 
tlifet. th«/ li«id oo»e la to tb.« i|^o^@69Slan of tiM witness* 

?^iaR««X fo? tli« d«f«»B?isnt tfe«n c&lled lingoley 
t» th# '^tnoes «t».iiidi and ^e teatlfiM tliat k» «'&» lio«» 
]pj^sid«nt fjsd general iniB&gey of tte© *(Rf«nf!ant oonp&ay 
ftt tti^ tisio of f^is eeanrers^iti^n *ltfe the plaintiff^ 8.i&out 
ik.npt»t X, 19t4; tl^t u.poA tbi^t oo«^.«i^n he Imd OAll«d i.t 
tr» linflMiy** offle« t® set what er.mid fes clone in thtt, svs-tt»» 
of ».rsun^mffat» f#y &m ^scteasion of the note w!ii«^ »».» tfe«n 
afeout sl»t., ffcii *^itne»8 f\jrtb«r testified tfe»t he told 
jg&rteiir tfcfet tls« soiRpsaf irao mot in »■ position to s«y thut 
BOtfe ^ut t!sat tfefty pasjJmtoly o©'.;(?4 t«.k» ear« of it if «.n 
«3r.t«R»i'-m r«T«5 ftTmatftdj thp.t e»r^er th«n is,«l£e^ ?si,» »bot;t 
tb^ osBdition of ^e defeadtnt «^^p«ny asnd be toldl Ikr^r 
tilAt it ima in ^t«Tf tanA oonSitlcn» boomase ti)« F^rde^o )^d 
^Od la exct-«« of MO0»O00 of ife» 8iCin«y, witb tb* -remalt 
tfeftt it W5MI not In s piJsitlon to i^my Itn d*»l»ta} tfcat tito 
p<l,«lntlff told him ho hM& opent at. lot of tlmo «onS«ying 
vliAt lio if^ould <to i».bOi<>t it; (Appitrontly referrltog to the 
pa&y%«nt tsy tkc l^rdeon of thisit inSobtodnfiM to hia,) and 
t^t 1^ (ti^o witnosn) atdriaod tbe plaintiff to protect 
hifisoif if >'« @a' ld» ^t tte«t H« did not tnow how ls« eould 






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meeoiipli^ it ifiA««u«lk &« tbsy (the rASd*««} hud bouip^t 

^« CKiiisl^ttdi P»,yl^ property with th« oflmpaay** aontiyj tfejit 
lie told Mr. %rl&«r tbat b* did »ot '«!mt M» to tmlcfi thos9« 
0tli#T aati*« over, • *tfe*t 4» the tMag »• o1»;]*9t#4 t© 
T«iry stroBglfj* th»t i^rhet ref4i«d that ''he r«»lit«4 
tfe»t» but he tftou^Ktit thfdy inti^ntl^^as were good s^nS. he 
*«« going to try to protect fel®s©lf if he possibly ©emit,** 

At thift p0in% la the eirsMdimtioft of th« vltatsat 
£iSfeley» tljr<s« letters »*siee 9r©«l«4s«d, one <3s.t«d August 

88, 11^, frost th» plftlBtlff t® tfe« €«f«n<lJ6i?it, mmdth^r 
4at«d t^pteabty IS, l'^4, fr®» 1^- plalstlff t© t&e d«-' 
f«adsat# an4 th® &th-:.T il*t«dt 8«i3^«lt»ffr 1$, liSS4, fr©is the 
i»f«ia^Saat t« tb« flftliktiff. 4lft«rr tb# irttii««« «ii« p#r!aAtte4 
t» t*»%iff %h%% 0€rt&itt «tat»gi0nt8 la tfe«»« lett^srs r«f©i'r«d 
%6 the aott la fu.it, the ©bjectioa ®f th* plaiatiff t© the 
d«ir«ana4(it*£' &ff«r of th« l«tter« van stiist&iaed* The lett«T 
I&st referred to, h«iag tfe* ea* fr^« th« a.«if«ai&.Bt to th« 
pl^i stiff aaa.eT ^.t* of s«pt«stl»«r 16, 1934, is the lettev 
referred to la *h# »plaloa «« ftr« flliat la m.m #Ki537®, 
tlie letter there li&viag, beea ©ff#r#a la eviaeuoe •by the 
plfeiatlff ^la reoeired witbmst c^b^eetloa. This l«»tter, 
-whea etii^Tmii Tof the def^f^nde-Rt, tms ewbjtet to ti^ dhjeotlda 
lat«!3^50»«ci hy tt.e |>l«iatlff, ms it. oaat&lned n©tMag -fiS-terlal 
^eyoad a eelf-eervlng Amsl^rm.ti9& &a tbt pfert of the He^fen^^ 
sat, thlt, however, ws-t not wrgeA M» ft gvoaat for the ofeJe«» 
tloa «a4e. The oth®r t'sro letters v^--'^, in o-«t opiaioa, iM>t 
«a.t«rlRl, except %e t© a atat^sitKt eoatftia*;:?- la one of tbe®, 
teadlag to feap«aeli ib.6 plsintiff, f^.ls, h©werer» retorted 
M9 a^MMi teetlaony the i>l4t.'atlff hftd givea vhlle oa the «tma4 



••iis* 






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Tf^tin^i p . 'X'acfK*^ ■ ■'■ma 'tltii 



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ft« & iritQ^es tor tb« defemrj^nt^ bo eouns^X v&s ett'^nptlng 
t0 l»p«&d9 hie ovQ rlt&f^fta* He pv»hing of eonsoleuoe is 
lijnrolir«4 bei^e «« tfepre w' s ia cosneotloa frith tfc© «vid«ao6 

pT«Tiott»ljr ref furred %«• 

O0UJ»e1. f©3sr the plaintiff paired li.a^lejr, an eroMU* 
isxiuiia&tiiita. If It *®,«fi»t a Iset tfeat tny money rhlafe the 
?fc2>d««e isi#-t kave o^nsd la A&gest 16^4, «ms oire'd not to the 

£i«f en istJst hMt ^ \?iJ.l®ir «; ff^rde®, lnG?rpof»t;«(S# sad the frlt- 
&««• ^esi'i^if^d tlsfit h.i» @02isi^3red it «'<^.6 owM to bott*. .tb$.t 
dt^mpmnf ^m€i %fm fi«f«?n.i»-SLt« K« irsk* *«fc««l if he b«id ROt told 
i»rl»er, ia tfeife eaiwerofttian »tf«^iFr@«l. to, thtt %b« m^w&f wma 
owed to sfjll«» $: Fardfee, lnoex'soifated, R.nd ho ould he did 
m&t imsm » tkfet inaoeiuK^ fts thisfie ?:>oiitp.&nies ts'ere i^aeTmlly 
Tolsted, it did »ot oemtr t@ hi% t& d&stlB^^sh 'i»etweem 
the» Ml »th«3r beloBfjed to the ««»e ci'0**d|* tlH»t h« wo^d 
aot muf s&etfeer h« t«Xd tfet plfelatiff that the indefeteiJneee 
9«rod ^ %h& Fftsaeos «&» to the def«ad%»t, 

Oa redlwet «x.aalimti--.'a tteln ^iltneaa etat®?^. tiiat fe<s 
di^i aot tell B^rfeer OK^otly feo» muck the rmapd«fe» o*«d the 
eo»pnaf for he dia rtot inS'R hiaeelf at thitt tl»e. the eourt 
thftB fesJfeM t^e ^itaessj *Bid r-^ *«^^ ^t* 8©.rher th>.t they 
oved ^e oim^w^ aEjr ajoaejr at that tinoT ajs-li he ftcsreTed; 
*1 told hia th«f ower* over |lOC,OOfi wfele^ th«y had taten 
©ut of thte ooKpaay ttmAs^* M* fur^^^r testifift-d that *t 
«hftt ti«e the df^f«sft-;&at oofflpftBjr «%» eimed hf silieir A ^sya^^e, 
lno^rp^reted, ot «nali»t«eitiJLil|' eo| th»t they were *p]r%etio%lXy 
o&« oo«.p&x^«* 

@o«aaeel foT the defee-^aat e*lled one fillieaae t» 

^0 «t»ad, w^s testified that he *as t^n &(?oouat»at, astsasel 






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«7. 
^en tmkeid his vbethr^r he h&.-i ^mi^-C' «:a fXMRlJfttioii of tbtr beolte 

«to«©e of tt^# Fnra«»«« t© it» »« of J\i»« 14, 18ES4» lad alw 

t«.t&«d* l» our ©pls.ie«5i» t}mt filing Wfc« •rttsn.etavt, Tb« 
<?«.ettioii ©f rfeetfeer tfc« Fsr^e»» ■»«»« in fmct init«btM to %he 
itft«4»«t irn,» e. pr&per imfejec* of iBu^ttlry , ffe« ol»;j»eticjn« 
iat#n>o««d to t!)t««» t^wfjetismt wer« g#a«^l, the -s^tteetloa* 
-ir«ri^ spjmrently pT«ll<ali®arjr t© fmrtfeoT iaqBify fta to tb.« 
»ttb|«0t-«si.tter of tbe iaa«bt«?d!»t«s af tb« rar-ieea to th®. 
rtftffsntejftt. The «Jpt«a r«feyr«d t® Im i^eat two <^u«»tl0as per- 
timi^ b&d a© f«lgnlfl(^^ne«iK but. If Is f»et the Fmrdee* w®t« 
laStfetM t® th« def^rviisMti, It mntX4 h%rB 8®iB* tee&ylng ©n 
tfe« ^lattitletn ©f *'l:s»fhej' •i^* d#f«aa:s,»t im« liitfel« to th« ??l» la- 
tiff la i^lst ftetl^a, 

|%^e ©tt*6tlon of It&w ptt9GnteA in s^s^a #BOB79 ls« 

ta 6ujr eiplal>r>af tlso l»roXT«d 1» tl^t em$e at Mr, It Is 
tfOMi tfefet » pjirt ©f tfei« «fvi=atsee o» the <sme?»tl(&a &f wbeth©T 
tfe» lftdftbt«<3iie«« of tls« Fit3rd«i«f« ^ tti« plain tiff w«s ll«|v{td»t»^ 
aft«? the plAlRtiff T^mive4 fro« ti'eiitt 6» eoll«t»T»l iupctelty 
tm tfeuir a.0%«is# tfe« ®ot# ©f tfe« a«f©iad&«it h*rt mic? tapon, n** 
tli« »tat«»©at of thf' jjl&lfitlff, i?hli« tr stiff lag ».e *. *;ltn««t 
fSMT the d<&f«s«t«at, t© t^:« eff«ot th?*t ths'i' wer« not, 8ut it 
Pl«o i«^ear» froja tfc« r«e©rd im tbe m^»9 mt b*» that tbe. ?ilt- 
fuses tfeeik pysducua t&« iFRrys-Bty <ie«(! of the piardeea, ©enrty* 
lag th«i Mi^l»3aii J^A proj^iisy to ki«} i!ja<a tli«a tbe reTOrd 
somtftiBS thr fttlBlaiiA in by t>i« %lto€ss that «^ea b* y«»»«lved 
tfei» ^m4. f y®a tfc# fer^if-f^e, li« ewmKBd.»red t» ttowa all th« 
n»%0» wl'-i€ii ^«y i^»A hiiR« &ii« ofuti^ l«su«t •f f«crt far«-> 






m ^ttf^'^ 






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jai 






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sente^ ie tfels 0R»e *r« irh«th©Jr tfe« F)feT"dp«i« w«!t^ indebted t© 

tldm »t *h<» tisfs they tw^re oonae-at^d wlife lt» i^ the evt<len©t 

«ltf«»dt.nt mtM ©©titled t© h3».-u^ %\mt 0vue«tl(»ii mitaslttM to th» 
liwpjr, uiu9«7 prep«-r ls®tr%3otl©a«i, sn*t tbe trial eowrt, therefore, 
♦rwNi la gliflag tfc-f ^ury b v«-rmsp%o>Tf inntraQti&n for tfe« 
pl&lBttff. 

Am polattt out Jn the ©p^iBloa flledi in mnv #SOtTf, 
s£lthem# th«e# tSsre© l»Mi«ff ar« upon tfer««» aotte, betw««a th« 
«a%« j^rtl««« &?0tigiht by tlt«! e%%# pl^latlff &^i.a«t th«! 6sue« 
d«f«o-5iaa*,, the ree^r^t^ la tl»-« tfer»« <^,9«» a^»-« B©t itll s^lUfce 
».ad wi fty« el>Iig«4 to ^t®rsjia« the l«»\aifs pye««at«d ia ©aefe 
eae* ©a tfe«* :r*t?©r(l ia t^t ©aste &Rd, witbos^t rtftrtaee to t-hoe* 
la tfee ©tfeftf ^ses, i^tl«^ t?^« p&rtl«?» fe.9v» Jolaed Ib « .tj0ti.-;>a 
fe« leave to fil« «ss(a«0litet©d bH«f« eoT«riag idl thr*^e »0««# 
fiad i^i,l« r«fey«»©€» are «s.Af la tte®»« &?ief» t© e,ll the twee* 
l^r®«l»«usiu»ly, tfela <ymn i»©t peralt a» ts* «Hsa«i'5ey %h» reeoyds 
«f all of ^.^Bs ia ««i«icetlaB with e««it ©f tltem. If this cf^tirt 
lund «.pi^3^el«,t€<a tht dlff«;r«a<j« la tfteiB* reoorslfi. thp Tiotlaa for 
!««▼« to fil# «oa«©ll'Jlat«d Isrlefs »^ M h»r« b6«a d«t3iled* 

J^ ia *i^«e #!ieSf9, sass^tloaa w^^r* .eaf3i<^ la th» eR«« 
Rt b*3r 1t^ tte® m|j|»fsll«« t© «t3rlit« tfe« «pp«ll®iat'a r«ply brl«f 
fr<m t&« fll<@9 sad te %•»«»« statutory <l%«»>g««, in stflrmlag 
1^« |»Af56B«Bt, b««}»-tts# it is ailege-d tfeat It is »?i!ar«iat that 
tlM ap^al ima ]^3foa«cwt«d solaly foy tli« tiKypaea of d«lay, &nS 
tl^aa motldaa weT«> T»t»rT%A to the i»e%riag« ^tl^ ssotioaa ava 
asa 4aalir4« 









tt.f 'J-'-.JTfO? ?^JJ«? 5;-' 






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r«r tfe« x>e$i«oaft t»« kare g;iv«a« tbe JudgB«at of th« 

circuit (J»Mirt tfi ruvvTSMiil n,nd the <Beiv»« is t«ma.n4«d to that 
msMLiet for fttTtlte** froo«edingpi ftot IncoiUilsrtwiit iwltii the 
'vimm eirpT«i«®#4 la this, opiaioa. '^ . 



f *tL©ft mQ ©» 0OKicm. jj. 0010111^. 



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mwrnif mmtp 
mm. m^mn* 



,v^x^ 12 41 I,A. 606 

Opinion filed March 10, 1926, 

mi?.. i^i^iMi^ mmimx T?.€5Mao» deiiveT«4 tin*-, ■ 

fllit II. Betiyf filed ft pHiti^jn for m Vfit.W--, 

^X., 
ti. 1916 h® 'KQ*;;^ th*^ iAftl n^m^rt ^xtmlastita f©r a p<3»t- \: 

tloa is th« 01a«slfi«4 aiirll Beyirtis© la fn* «lity ^t 

0^if5i»v:.:O> tks»:a kftowis. .^.s «^ts«'T&l F€jr«*an of Ooa«tnit»tl«>a 'i 

i^fe©t«r«, a® » reaul% ©f r|j$;«*i Isls »*»« »js.a iaeli^j^ti mf*<m 

tJi« «lij^M,« list f&y ime>J P'®«itlaaj ti^tt later t!«® Ooria- 

•©^►a'tify tlt-!^ »»«# fe-M su-^^lrts* af %ts*s on« «ntlll«*.'il fef l^^w 
%^ fe© «ir.*poi,ated t© t*«l ?*0titi<'mj *MflJi ma tH?^© ir.»#sBat, 
iftl«r««%q>da th# Ck«ftsal«»«i»a e*^Ttlfitd, tb# ns«« of th# s«tl«- 
tian^r aa tfee ®n« 'ejeJug «ftti%le<l t© tf-e &pf>«in%m^#nt, t^adl 
ha Wfet {ti-^ly aM>©lat»A »»<? #ifiit««*a w^aa t?^« ^^©yfayasa-aee 
«f tola ^tieo} %)m% th^rtafttT **» »a.a lllaf3*ll|r di stsfe&rgaA 
ftaiE amid ]p©»itioa i»l%n«n«t a».^s««. f-tfeisT allfg^tlaaa ura 
e@mt»la*^€ ia thin jMetitiaa w; loh it '^Ul not be^ ae-cressftry 
f«y us to »«% forth hf?f-^-, 168 t?=i^ ar« aali lBVolT«d la tb# d^- 
^is»ic*a of tiiis tppeal, fh« p«titiuo sllefed th?i.t the 4«* 
f«Ea4aat Sfins-gaa «*.» ti:<«' ce^sslBsisaer <sif r-uaiio ««r*»s of tha 



■t« 






^aspj" ,01 dorm bsri^ 00^1? tofO 



,. . l<k ». 



tfe« eald --Vtir^jgia*, tihat h« ?«ln«tat« kia in his »s.ld r,,o«l* 

mk %M f*yy®ll @t »&id ^j(®.;rt«esjfiit# as of th© ^te of 'hi* 
pireiead#4 *lay off sus •f®y«8&ldj* iari fariftei* oossanaaaijag, 

«f 0%l«ssg:©, nfb-S r-cr« 0%&& sade 2'e8i»<mi,i?:-t5tJ», tt pl»©f' peti- 
«atttl«4 "sLt &i ite« #fe%« ©f hit prist «fiiM •l&y &ft* ss 



of the aity of C^,iei.i.|i«, f©T tlsie 9«f.rtl«» T*#poiid«nt, fll«dt 
*a^ a« *ls« restpi^denta s%9<MI hy tfeelt d«>!i«ry«r, the oour* 

aad th»t & |>«rsmptoiif rrlt »f ®s.tt<is.iiiua Igs^ie, dlres'fetau the 

iil^ ©f ilhisag** *©,. ff'»t03» ^e i^titi-m^r^ nils S, H^fiiy, 



i-tSi^WIH. 



i->^k v^rf'-» 



, ■'i>s^-«^"'?.-\ 



f«bJEu?8ry 1, 193';', for t'-se period tiadlEi;/ ?^n*m^r 3X, 1933, 
mad t© fe« ijiJKiitiaa of i:J<sfi®t ra«ti on fmm^^^» *» of ^s^nvtsry 

3e«ti4 t«Utlaii«r ta ■fee- pu^mti ■^m tr® imyToll* «jf n%id 

tk® r€:Bp«<rHv« t4tl«» ^tfeovif rtf ©trtd. to, tbls 0r«S«r ml»o 

gptifcfM® ta d® &« ,pr®vldftd fey tfe* ©o^ft Im its J«dg««at »T«!«3r 
«u& ?*l&otiPi (tiet I'orliJi, oa^«»8!«l for Tfap«i^p»t8 «Rad®r»»d thl» 
W7it, %Ci t!i« «.ff®et ths^t tfe.® mxitt h.'^4.. Jmrladtotioa t© «at»? 
tfe» Ja(l^im.t ©ira«t ttp^tt is%i^ %tw s?ylt w^H b»s«dj tkat his 

«#iiM fef takeai *mt !%# r«f»y«, i» felt ©piatisa tfe» jwdfKJmt 
Vft num ©a% a t^tXt s»f ffror td r??irl*w itj sisk* that tbe JM^tg" 

$,illts fii*d & furtk^ap p«tit:ioS S|>Tln.»t •J** r«r«;C?o«>l««ftt 
'$pwB.m<^$ ^t^** * ^"■'•*>5*- ift s>^''-? 3^>tui« ^l^T *«® »b«>^tfl net te« *#- 
3%4.geii xu mmtm-^pt ®f a^airt .f»y fs^llyf* *% p^v hi* >*!« 
hmdt. s^Ufy, »a4 la t^*t tH?titla». he «tf. foi-tb tl»e 3»dg- 



'•'?S** 









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CJ-^jS;. 



^ts &f ltef,y fS, IMg, ia «h.i*sh I»tjt®T, eftex «*ttiag f®r^ 
^be t#y«s 9f the Jwafe«.«% ®yi(S»T ««a, tfe« wti%g %b« -pctitiofiLtr'a 
eo^asjel sailed .s,tttiiti*&a ef ri^^pmiMnt is ib^ fs^ei tWt tl»t 
iryit cr f*f.-,iitt WIS j'ttt^attlTt #aai II ^S Ec-t tt;:|« «:ffett 

®tit ©f hie p-3t«ltlem «vtr si»feis| »M tb&t fee ww* <i«tltl«d 
to tfec »®-lBry p«!XtKinii3:g to Jsia position., srfeieh hmA «oeru€d 

«rf«3P slisee eald taniitwful diseh&r^j and oaaplslat r^'S «s«* 
ef %fe# fset that pi^tltloa^r fes^ ©©i reoelred »«1S ^.«* ijay, 
Aft«T <iu©tlag tM8l#tt<&T In full la th« petition, pttltloner 

ta ©awply rltfe tl^© JiH^pi^at ©yA«i? aM ^irit, ©aylBg In «icplA3^» 
ttoa of «u<* Ttftt**! that fee &fe4 I6*«a f.<Syl«««5, 1»y bie attayney* 
mot to esmgiy «lt& tfc» ^udgaimt smd wjlt» b<»e©u«e to r«lnst»t« 
i»«tltlQaer up©a the City p«.yjfoll« retri&aotlfely, ao »■» t« 
entitle fela to b».ok iifel«.ry, «©ul* fee i«py««tlft3.i>l»j that 
tli« ©yd.er #f the oov.rt «^inf for sudbi retro* ctlT« pr©0€?«*» 
iBgt ws»8 fi©t Iffislly opcj^vtl'wi &M th»t the fi.»lc ry for ^« 
fi©»ie48 peh&t tc tfc* tjitry c-x tKe ^u4|^';0Dt tefl ^-IrtAdy bewi 
IHnid o%*t Iby tlife 01 1>' ©fflclftle to pxiOtfct^T p&twim rho feaa 
1Nl<^ cll»€flafergla|; tiif cutlet of U* <sfftc» or i-'>3itj«*t i& 
fm«stl@» 8lfi.e« ^titisaer'r. oj-lgiss'I s^aoht'Pjp ttterefz^n* 



■f> -ft^f^^l. 









«r 



■•is -i^ **..'■ 



r©l.l'>wisig this, tfee petltiott oootelas ucasldi rabie In th« 
wiijr of ».rgB»«at, in syRew®* t«> th«s i>©8ltiuft petitioner yt*t»g 
lk« h%4. t»e«sB m^l.»«4i tiaci i»««A s^aamitd lEi|" th€! r£>«ri»OBd@at 
^pragii** Also, in %Ui« p«titi0a ^« petitlanetr AlXegaa 
that th« r«®p«iHa5i#at Spy»gu« te« fiirtlier Ti^lJ^^ted tJsk« |u<iig- 
««t»t ©M writ, of tlfet «K»t4Pt i» tkat &ltii.ough it »r.« tk« duty 
of the mnntru*ji%kun ¥&xmwm i© »U[peyfl«e m&d 4lr#ot tfee ns^fk 
«,nd ooaduot of ^ay lxi&®»«iii la «u'fe0y*1itt«.t« Csa^'l^jraneiat ttpoa 
th« c0Hstyuotl!»a #ark w|s@.s trhi^ tfe.«y ircr® aag<ag«rdj &im4 
aXtt&wugh ®u«fe f©T««8R is h®l<| j-espoaeiblf f®r tht work of 
«\t4^ «iiil>©iraia»t0», «ai«l in ©M^t tl5«t h« «0,y «iffisl«stly ai«* 
i^strge lsl» <la*l«« ia hit Rtaid offlee ot TPKStitlsa, it i» neo- 
«»iwny thmis hM ^- «H!fpow«T<iig te gi.v9 dis-eetloa* nM eafere* 
■f^esi vhim !d.ir«», wart sMtlwi ■r^«ts5'3Bftbl« ua« o^f ■',*» a«a di«ffrf- 
tisa, jr#%, the pttltiaoear, *«Ttr s«ljao« feis r«o«Rt rel»st,a.tt» 
aiimt «« ^'icts««t.ni.etlsa F®if«rtS!».R* ha« fee-w kept sutejest i© %te« 
mutfen^Titf ®f «fit i>?a8*, %ts© wa.8 %h^ p«r«#n who hss^A te«>#tt 
lll«i^lly «]pss©iati»d &« M@ sa©cfes«©r ®ad ^h^ ifead feefta csuised 
ky «*tfet« afs'ic!is,la la df T«rB4fent*« D«p'»-J't®«?iit *b» hsre i ■^a.a«di».t» 
«liarg» of SRiste KStteim,* to be fc#|»eiat»d teapormTily %& »& 
®ffio© #r i:)©»itiia eatitl«d *Aotiag, Assistaat laflaetr* "and 
tikmt tl{«si« ©ffislslft feftci d«»llver«5t % viritt.«a ooaKKunies.tioa to 
f^ttitiaa«7« add:r«s@^«d %@ 0«tlfl ^ttml^, %a Aoting Assist^at 
Ia^a»er, dat#d i^ijifil 6, ta^S, (fmiar dayt n.tUT ^e writ of 
mtwSmmm van l®su»4) ia #^loi} c^^^aak «%» dl rioted ta ^^^^^^Iga 
p«5titi«meT *a« CbastrMCti-oa Foiftaiika tt |3IOOe per Mantli ,%.ad 
^▼f. Hi*. Il«ayy efeft^gt of sud* biraa** ©f the -roi* «» you «my 
«lLect. 4» ®t3B.tftd ferbally, ir# I30a:ry will )»• ««yri«d aad«r 
sbrOT* titlt aad «f«Hp«a«atioa from l*i« begiaaiag of ^« 



(xrff - >< -ti'/ .. ':!«^t":*rt--;e ervititf*-^- *ffl? t^slf*-^ .1r'^^^-l^-'!■'! 



*«><»l«'' 









miTTmtt ipatyroll ]^riod,» Th© py?^jr«ir of t^^ig n#tltlon to 

»(• GoJHml^^stooriP of fwbDe ^i&tkm of t^e asty of a>iie&.jf*©, may 
l»« *iMfiiul3P«tl t«k »fc©*? ©a-*** p'hf fe® al»i.a<!! not fe« f^^JB^l^htil 
f©T eo»t©®pt of eou^yt f»T dl«©b«yiBg th« «fo,r«*«.^ld jwdi*- 
iMnt »ad «rlt of tr.ls eowrt,* f%« cs^yiJomtl-.-^a aoums*! of 
tfeif city «f Steins. i# ms. te«fe®if ©f tteis «m,ie fesfj^miSi^Tit 
t|yfmge»» fll««a ft g*sii»jii.l d«^isrrer is© the foregoing p#tl- 
tioa to show emws«, »t^ldb deffl»rf«ir w&m 8i8Bt®iii«d l&y the trlsa 

©fd«*pe^ tlist %fe« p«titio« fee dis«iiii!s«4. to yrrsrs* the ox€e» 
eiistaiiitiili ■(^<t a^^tifyer of the T^mfm-Afrnt, t® t*^« f«-tlti':i» 

tl«^«ir is ttet Tf^e|>®i!ii«i5t hmn f sailed l^ p%f him hi® Wek 

km htB p^%i%%&n t© »h0'» eatK-tft tMt tfee r«8p0is^rat .^prague 
teMn fsullfd t© ^ what te« was -/ii-rt «?%#(* sje<i o€Js^^nd«4 ts d« 
by the ©ourt Isa tli# jtid@»«ist ord^y ^sRtere:-^ In tfee msa4«i»\ui 

ttestt #M-©.jr, is»««ly» -resftor^ th# jsetlUloafly t© th« i^tl* 

tlea 0f ro3?«aK.a of Oi!mstm«ti^B laberera, (R» of fehtnnrf I, 

lS^I.,«id to t>«€ p<»i!lti'm ©f C2s>B9t3f^eti-'« FoyemaR «.« of 
,J»»ij»5ry 1, 18@S^. Th« ffttitiosaer osmteufSs tl5t»t te have xea^ 
%dr«(i hi« ^« 4ir«!ot«d lif th*? eosiifis 1»« ®->i,;ld a«oe9i»rily 
fe&ve t« Tt^flsjire th» «iilary ».tts^ohi»^ ta hia offlm or jxisl* 
ti@i»* fx>«ili »>M »t%mt the tisHl )»« ««« ai»idi&rg«k4, tu oujr 



«j»»f fu-ift9w^, isif^ to '^'5'Y''i''s*? « . .%m%m 



4 -» V i y 



«i#*9 *lfit t. 



'Jt^aWKj 






f*e 



tt.Mm 



■i^ «Ait,SWi.5>S fc ^.^ 



-7- 

opl&loR, tfe«t es^Btestltm 111 sot t«m«.ble, ip Ma pfftltl^a 
f©r %ht> Xmvmnsit^ of » wylt of ®)*iidft«Ba« th* p^tltiswer •»• 
n^ere p-my* tfeat S»e «m,y b« RfmriSisA hi* teok sml'^Tj, wad 
mi^ltbifr in tb« jjudgjeeat ©rdfr Sa th«» a-'^nda^va prooe«41ng 
a©r in thewrit isawed pi^eusjat tfepret«, is th® rfs8pon<:1^nt 
^pjraga* ©rd^re^S to p^j-'feia au^slt vAlftry* fh« 0oit«l984oB«r 
©f fiiblie worlc© of » olty <Se»eji aot p*y aslaurtt©* IHae <:jtte«- 
tioft of -Btee-^^^r oy a®t iht ?>«^tttl«mry h»iS. tJse right to &sk 
for sMcte isaak aaXsry, la bis petitioe for & rrlt of aftB<Sss'«w.8» 
ia R©t iS"yolTed, A Jw^^-pieist awmraing th« irrlt 5»f jBSJssSsLsia© 
t© m>mp^l rc-tnst&tetteat iis ©ffl&e«, ®sf, im^tt proper air* 
tmsat^ao©©, *'■-■;■■'■: iB^liUitSbi ^ eo^KSiad to ^ay n^Iftiry (^£_£f2JB3j# 
^« yte©M>«i©»« 310 111. 11) aaiis ia Ti«ir ®f tb.e sli«gatioB» la 
the l»«tlti©ii far s4«i«ltjatt» fil«d la tl5i# oa=a« st bar sa^ the 
d^^asirrcr ■iai.i?f«t©» It w&'uld »««a tfest t^* i»irtltl«a«y alght IM 
ftc«rd«4 fels ealsty fey th« p$vi0-^ ©f M» illtpil aa*! *iaw!ir!r*tat«d 
^s<*©.rgi, ^t tfee pi^tlttoneir psmje^ f©t a© euoh y*li«f «bnd it 
a«© a©t iaelm4©d la t'w ja3ipa<sat %h<? ©ouTt ««3,fe«'Ted. fh© |»rop«r 
©ffislfel© 'se'l'u a©t rm^ partita defesd-ast t© g^%k© ©acte reli«f 
&9lij©p»iM^ la tfeis ^..»«. ^ Ja^Sipient a«r«lf ilrc^otiag the 
TBup&nA&nt to r€»ia6t«t« tfc« petiti©a«r as ©f tb« ds>t« ©f '^'la 
disel&argft, will aot r©qtii,r« feia t^s pay petltloaeir hi« aala^ry 
•f is^ke r^'^spoadpsit 3u)»Ject to aaavor to ». rult to show e^aa©, 
l^©©»U9©i the KelafY has aot b««a p»id. Tbist th© resp^addnt 
Spixa^e© liaa raiastsitftd tl&© petitisaer to the positloa Tt^m 
wMdfck he ©ssiti^d© hm wa© ualawfuliy dl«€*i^.rg©d aad fr^i wi?ioh 
til© ia©wa3py«jp a^lt© hm wm» walsiafally ^i©cdjjtrg«<i, is mpjmt«m.t 
ftmi the f»/w> of hie p«titlisa %if ©feei? m.u»e, in^^MiA 'ne^ reiRr© 
t© *M» ir«i3mt r«iastatee5«at,* aj^ la 'i^nie* he «©t9 ferth ia 
fail thm lettsT ©f tfe# r*?ep©aa«Bt, vlit-Qli tb© pctttloatr ftll«f©» 






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-8- 
v&B <i8liTer«S to him for the ri^rpoe« df Aeooctpllshlng sutAi 

fh« p«titioB«jf hftviittg failed to aak for i-eli^f 
l« l!»l« 3«arta8!n« prooet^dl&g^ in the wg^y af p&ya»?i.t la tl»« 
«6ittt«y 0f back fe?ilft«y, he isasif aot lfij«ot t&.&t @I««e»t into 

tfe# ^.»« «s5E^ %Tf tt owt Isi o@iiri&«ti.oB ^ith thtt imbeeouwat 
l«5tltivm fey & rale t<i f!hs(«« ef.i*«e, f&t effeot of thin 
p®titi©» to el>:0w ©sua* is fh«,t tfew fj^tltioafir iig safelng 
t!*e ©©mrt to r»«5«lT0 t5a« T«sspou<d*j!it t& ai^ow (sau^e wfey 
fe« «?b<Jn--l,di aat fee Ettadi^'d foT msatc^pt, by rmM^m 9t 
fei« fsilari^ t6 |my tfe* pttitlt-mer feit l>s.« tala-ty, in 

(f-^ea a©t ^met tfe« i#«p«si,f3€mt t© ass pay tfe® i>«tttloa«T» 
^feiftla Jw3,^*«t was est^red iwifiiisaat it- ?» p*(tt%i»« ia wtiii^ 
t%i« ^tltisner ifea-i* ae si*53b ir#^«fsiit« 

1^«s ciiifiiBtlcjti ^f ^'h^th^w. In y«l»etsitiag th© peti- 
tl^Bftf to his i.>3'eitl'^« thii 09iadL@slon«f $if FtsMlo mrkM 
l»r©p«»ly plg0®<s Ijitai wMey tfe« geaarai SHatfeerity of a osr^lJi 
Aselfftaat Kaglnfeffr, i« l.lk«»l®« & aiattfiT w!»i«^ stay sot fe» 
tin^d out on a p«titioa to eh 01%- cau««, following a .%£g,ad^3&iui 
l>TO0ft«din^ la »f]aiefe tH«t sltsaent w&s riot in say ?f&y isvoiT»d* 
Pt«-®iaaftbly, a OssSfttrsetiOfi for«vgm« lesy pro?H?iay b« «BSi^«ii 
ta apetmt« ■uad-pr «. «ttperl©r of ©««*. kiad. th« lntlMa.tl<Mi 
saa« by ilte« p»tlti©n*r i» fe4« ©etltlon, to the effect l^aat a 
^a»t7«otl3n ror^ffiiii« p3rop«rly amat *!»« fel» 01m ^»»»«* l»» la 
©TIT oplatoQ^ without s«rit, 

fex tfee re«.»!aa« «t£iit9di« t^e ©nl^-r ©f ^« Clrwiit 

Ssmrt s^i»talalag tfc« d«Bwrr«T of tfe« r«*t^©B?i*at to ^e p«tltioB 

to mm <»«««, ie alfUfsuftd. eil£B?R MTlKitKS, 



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Opinion filed March 10, 1926. 

flit plmlstifft, Ol5«.tl«s t, OteTls^a aM Alfred 

»b« owed %h<m. &« m oowftjasiaft i»;. imj^^at ®f afipvl«t» thfty 
tead y«n<lf*r«d, la vtemiting ». pmy«jfe*i»«r for so«« property 
whlcfc «fe« 0«nfed» Tb« l9ime« ^^i^Mi^ ie«f« STilwitte'.i to «, 
lory ©.n.£l tlJ€t patj aa€« & fl»iiing f»T «,lie 4el'®a?laut, *lud|?«» 

ffieat ira6-« rtBd«i:r®d ©n the f«rdie*# ss<t th« t4«iatlff« 
mppe&led tfe!-r«fro«» 

Hi* ©videnoe sto^s thm% tfe« dsrfend&at's property 
tims tiadi«?y l«&s« tn a Ri&a^r of diffierent indlrliilBdl* stM 
tfest fdr seaT'^iag le«e %h@M » y««.r# th« plalatlffn htki 
been h»r i#sitiiig a.g«at8, edlltetlng the r«nt« «t« th^y mmB 
Aae ABs a&sitgiiig t.hs> property f©T tfee d«fftC;asnt, Jn mrit^mhtt 
19fai, tfe« 4#f«fia*.ii1; had n&»«> 0<Mav«r«&%l0A wlta* tiseilfelntiff* 
about selling Iter pr«Fp«rty «an 8h« frKpresaed a «l*8ire ^ ]&».▼« 
tTnewL fittft * p«ireli&««r If po^siblt, femsu tl»«» kt«r th«y pro* 
<n»r#d ©IMS 8©rai!ttla »« a proaptotlve pure*ift««r» H« and tfet 






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tioas l^ck sad foTth, s written oontraot was ex«<!ut«d 1>y 
the %exm» of which ths cScfem^jmt agreetd to ««11 the proi» 
jWTty to iornstein ^hR4 his ^f« for t7G»500, and the 
j^mstelan agreed to buy st that p3Pl®»« tbe mirohaser* 
paldl tljCsOOftftO 9L9 earfiest »an«y upaa th« «xsoutiaa ©f 
this oo»tr»,«t, T??ic amragftt mQney &b<| the oamtTset werm 
pIao««S In ©©or©* wltn th# Ofeioago title & fTust Ofs«f>«.ny, 
p^adisig the oarrytag out of the dft&l. However, th« tra 
aetloa w»,e atver eonewai».-teA jsisd rept^tetitstiTta ef tha 
tw© pa.Ttl«a w«at t© tha ©ffiaea ®f tha Qhie^g® Tltla jt 
fi^iffit Oessfwjqr and tair®la^tad tfea aaaroir, tsJfelng up t&« 
oo&t^et i^d ttee a^raaat sasnay, #400 &f ^hicli »«.» rs« 
tataad fey tha a-«faR<la.at t© aerveT «xpaase« t® whldfei aha 
li&€ lN*a put (in eiAp-^lylBg e gti%.i%nte« ?^llay, iin^ aa oa) 
&m ^OC' of lifei^ »a« returned to tha iojrnataliui, thia 
baring tea. n doaa aacl net^iag b&Tiag: feean mid to tha 
fjlaintiffa, ia tba way of & nomslatioa, aad tfe«ir daa&nd 
Bot balag ooiapllad mltb, this aatioa wsa by«>a^t toy t^«« 
a^iast the d©l>m'i^nt to oell^at the ?3..m?junt iB^ioh th«y 
oI%laia4 mk» 4t&» t^!ea• 

%a plaintiffs eont«tnd that tfes <J<«»feiiSsnt 
agraad ^ pay tli^a tb« a«ouat nvtmA far as @. eoaaiiesioa 
if thay proourad a pxarcfesiaer of bay property, sad that ''hei 
tfeay isareoarad Ba^nsteia, aad the dafffnds^at aatared iato 
a writtaa eoatraet f^ith bin, thiy had aaraal tt^ei* oo»» 
aiasioa, as tha act of tha «iefea-3aBt ia anteriag into 
tfea aoatraet altfe SoTa«t«la aas an saeaptanoe by he » of 
tfea ikaagroir t^y had proeuxed, mad that tha fSefenJla^at harlag 



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fto ft0eef>t«<l ^r«tft«lfi ooiil?t R©t tli* r*r»f t«T te« h«sy« to mf 

that he was not reR0f, &bl« jsart frilling to m^'k.e the rsuf 

«ika««, Th« e©Bti!B^on of th« defftMsnt, on the otber hiad, > 

l8 that th» agy^emOBt she nnt^r^^A Into with tH« pX».intiff», 

fts eviS^iietd hj » el*u8« ia tht written ©an tract bet«««a 

h«r and Bomstela, w»« not as ooBtaMed by the plaintiffs ;;• 

f 
tout wa» to tfe« effect Vtmt she tias to pay the {-aalatiffg a !■ 

ooaMlaelon &t tl7S0»00 la oaee 1^-^« purc^aite «%« ec%e'pl@ted* 

and tfeat Isaaiitte^ %u the piaf^a«« ira» not tJOffipleted, by 

r«f®aoB of the refia«&l or iBablllty ©f Jiofasttla to ocsapXy 

«lth the %99m ef ^t e^ntjrairl, s^®thiii« wm.9 dm %lm plaim- 

tlfl«. 

Ooi.a»el f©y both pRTtisc sees t© tir^t the 
<^Ui«w« whieh m,9 iaserted la the <K>BitTa©t Tastiroaa th# d*»feBd' 
amt *a^ th« lorasteliw, &y9^rt&g tfe« ciuettlon of th* eoeMftif 
«lon to be i^ld* as tfe« ©©ntyact »icietlitg between the kI®- 

f«saast nml tfe^ pl%t»tlff«. But #f ««wraf«? thss.t t» not tfe« 
«i8» b««mtHi« -^ft plt.jBtlffi i!«»« not pATtlss to thmt eoa» 
tiKs^ct, fh« »oet that m© fcse said of thst proTlsioa is that 
it *m« 8oa# «Tlieais€! of what the ^gTeftsent betweeB the defsaA* 
&at «aS the pl».iBtlff» w»i«, on th* ouiestisB of %h« ooaala- 
Hi OB to ^ i^id IB o!»Bn«otloa wil^ tbis t7&B»%8tl<n|* 

ffe« plalBtlffs eoBtend iB the first pIa.oe tfeftt 
^« defexifts e&u^t to b« m&A9 to tfee effect that ebe wae 
oaly to i^y & oosisiigsiOB ia ease ttB e«(,le iv»e eoBssussunated* 
fr»t not opea to hev bb bo 8bc^ dtf @Bse wsts set forth la 

the (nfflfferlt of merita. In ©uj oplaiOB thmt csoBtentioa 
ia aot teaable, ia the fifth paragr^.^h of h«r afflisiTlt 
of serita the cisftR^sat dialed "l^iBt ifce had agreed to pay ^e 



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plsintiffii 11,780«00 as eommieaioii for the Bale of th« 

afoiresal(3 ptesiaes, but stJ^tes %hm f<Aot9 to tMS tim.t in 
the isrmnt th« T>l&in tiffs siioiildi «ell th« pr^^wlaee ojr 
BrcKtoee a pwrehasey tr^to »\j1,« buy th** said premises, 
tfeat «h« no^sld givt tte?« a ©oimisMSi^'m fo?" %h& »hI^ ©f the 
•aid »r«»l»««»* that ftll«g»ti0n, m ©ut a|>iiiio«,0l««rly 
0&npr4^«j^« ®. oo»«lftt©d tr&TMiactl©ii tad not iB0r«ly tha 
«3ceouti4>B of «t soatraet to ie«ay aaat s«ll« Mor«r©y«T, no 
oteJ©«ti«3» m>.» «ai«i« in tfa«e trial omxTt whea avldeaoe fraa 
Offered on. thia iari^« 

^e isms* «>f f«ot fe€twe«a tht pmTtif^fs iiwolved 
tlia cue«rtloa «f wh?»t t^©ir itfyeeafst y»»liy wag, • 9 
p.r®al8ff tjf th« «i®f»n'?«nt to pay ^t eo-smtasi-jn stipulatM, 
4a m..nm the plain tiff a pwoared a p-uarehsaet^ i"««.dly aod abla 
imd willing te ^y, i*l«^ eoati ng^noy «mterialia«a whftts th« 
plslntiffa tsre-oujrM BciTmst«i» and the di«fcndsat ^e^Rpted 
fel» 8t» ft pwefei».s«r by ^nteilag into s mftttea «s>Btr&ot 
Kith hiM| &T & premise to pay the a^nsaiieaicB ^i^oridad i^a 
imre^%ae ima eairxiad 9u%|» ^hi«l^ ontlaieaoy did not m«t«ri%Xlsa* 
flie «vld««io« ©n that ia u« wt?s is sharp «soBfli<st Ra^ in «uf 
opini«« this eouiM 48 not i» a p»9lti^» te aay that tha 
TaT^i<st of t^« i^Xf ■ttis'r«©ii Is ■Afaiaat th# taimifast *«l??h.t 
®f tha avld«R<», th© imrtiae themselves gave temtimo&y 
ten^iag to Mwpp&wt their rtapeotiTa paaiti ona. Th« eoo* 
tzaet between tha d«jfent«.at emd t^« ftsTastPlna e«uld oot 1i»a 
p7odu;0@dl aa it had aithaz he<m lost or <i' etroyedl* so far ita 
this e-riderio» aJ^o^ia, and thua audi oorreboration aa would 

hm-re b««a afferded either of the paTti«8, if that eoBti«.et 
had he«n avaHabla, ama lost. Oa0 Itari&s, who aetad aa the 






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tied th&t ke wftfl pirc.seali witb f<i® Gllnni, Ut9* Sisffl* and tu« 
EQr»»t«iiui md theit l»,wy<Rr, oat Lewis, aad th© plalntiffa,- 
all th«»e p^Ttles^ haTlng «s»t In th« ©ffi<;« ©f Mr. I»eirl« 
«ltfe the iat^wti^B of oloftlstg tshc oo^tf&ot. He te^tlfltd 
that at thle ©©nfftyfetisst It ieveloj^t^ %h&t %h€ Sorsstitlaii i»tr« 
golag t& put la s. 8«ffoti«i fj;,eTt|;^g» in part fsyiseBt ©f the pur- 
^feiifi« pS>lc«, to vbidh he 6mmTteAi ^nd tbut It mls<i t«v«l&pft4 
th«.t tfe« Bometelxm Ii®.(i only #1,000 ta p*/ th® defendaat, 
ss e»ri3*«t ii©Bey# aaa tbs,t 5^e &l«i© ©bjaeted to thmt, calling 
att«mti©a to th«^ fsot '^at ^at «»«i not- «ir«a eaon,^ t© <M»Tr«r 
pl»latiff8* Qotmiesitun, as^ h^ reftm^d to let His eliitat, 
th9 §MfBn&ti-nt0 moitfiT lato nay ssueli cl«8l, «ayiag that h* 
would ri®t ptfjBit h«r to siga s. Qdat»fcGt a^lliag for only 
|1,000, 1© be f«id a» ^fRratst asoaey, *h€rs ^«r eos«lsal-m 
lavolveia 93.B flt&O.OO, Me fwrther te®t.lfie-d that «rl»a 
h« took that peeltloa, afeiPl«@a yegi»rfe«d tfcstt fe» dida»t 
frmat tstffl to bind hl« olleat to aueh * i>ipapOBtticja, *?94 fe« 
aifed; *lf tbie deal ^a*t go throu# I <3©a*t waat a di.»«.* 
Xerlas testified that h« aald If t5»t T?a« th® o&«« It wotvld 
havn t9 bs a® ex|>r«»f$«^ ia wtlttag, fs.ndl C^Tlso^a amid ha 
©etild ■fa*© bl8 wOTd for It but Karlaa remarkad h« vow id 
aat titk« &i^boi!l^*» trard la « btjsiaesis dtal, aMlag that 
If a eeatTaot im« satered lato to#ti?««a his elleat aad th« 
8aTast«!lt», ©ae «f the flrigt eoaslderatioai wotjM tee that tha 
plaiatlffs w«f« t© reG«iv« a© co»®leaiaa •tialeas th« deal 
w«nt tfe?0vigjh^» K&0i farther, that tht plaiatiffi were not t« 
b# aB.d«^ jp^rtla® to timt eoatraot %ad that ^e earaeet aoaay 
mad o<»at:raet imuld have to be pat ia aBerev witb tha Ohioago 



i 



fltle |i Trust {Joajmny; s^arJ tbe pl&intiffs were not to b« 

]ps.xtie« to that tsarov agreement j to all of wbldti th« 
plaintiff* agrfisd, wfefs-rt-vspea, .« fans of t^sil «6t?'.te ;oon- 
tT^ert wa* |?Toduc©d and th«» provislaas to ■&« insetted la 
the blaalEs of tli&t f&^mtmr^ diotattd to & «ten©gi^ph«Tj 
aad 9. fter ttii« pr«|r??TRtl.©B ©f th« c^atfiiet hsid b^^f^a ooaa- 
plet«d« it w»£t «i3r«®ut«'d Isy i>'«, HiJMi sead th« B^raetelai^ 
sad th«R tht imrtteii want to th« offioe* ©f th« 0hl<!^.g« 
fitl# <l TriMit Ooapajsy «Bd pla©ed tfet essttrRot la #eer9W 
th?^r«, together 5?lth thft e^raest aoa?y psymeat ©f |l,00© 
aeside fey tfe« 8omsteia». i^t ©ae ^olat la his t<g9ti«!0a3r 
£«rlas pu.rp@rt«d to y«-pe«rt tH<* sitbstmaQf! of tb« -rorde h« 
dictated sad wfeleb «ert iaaerted ia tbi« ^©atTaerl, ec>T#r» 
lag the 6a««tioa ©f tb© oom^lsgion to *>« paid by big )oXl#nt, 
aad tfee ef f«ot of tlj©»«s wards wa» that «ls# ims to |>af tfe« 
&o«»lseiv->B fsfena tfeigr prodaeed a bta^eif, r«a.dy, able ®ad irlll- 
iag» to iMTehaLse th« p3>««ise$, aad. tH&t tmless they pro* 
duoed « inqrer tliey w«t« ta rfcelre no oaaaslaelaa. If that 
was tSjs effeet ©f the words ap;i«arlag la th® e«»Btr®ot» it 
would tsad t« saprert tSk«; ooatcmtloa of the plaintiffs 
rstfeey th*a 1*.s.t of th« defea'«.aat. w« ar^ of tfee oplaioa, 
bowuTsef, t^at ia wl«* of feis \iiw«suiT@ORl gtat«jseat to the 
effeot 1*i«t ke refaeed to p«r«it Mrs, Slas to enter iato 
AKf ooatTftot with the «ad'^T8tiR^B«liag tbst efee was to pay a 
eoiBiiiissioa of I17SO.00, If the plaintiffs produced a pur- 
«iMUB«T» reftdy» able wmd willtag, to bay» with oaly 11*000 
belag |i&ld &m earaest aoaey* altbou^ the eatire ooaslde?^ 
fttioa for tlie property was t76,B0r'j sasd th&t after soaw talk 
ba«^ %ad foTtb the plalatiffs agreed thstt th^ ooamissloa was 
aot to be paid imlest the trsneaotioa was carried out, the 



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•^laftfltiwa WRB 0n«» for the jury to eoB»l?l»r sad *«t«r»i»». 
the tt^istimawf of vrs, Sii»« le to tbff 8s«« «»ff«ot, *hll« 

tb« t<»etl»9n]r of tfe«s plavutlfff is to *Vtip nontrary, w«» 9.t« 
of the opi|don that it siay not b« e».4a th&t 1h« fl&«llag 
•f the ^tarjr ima Sfjcinst Ifet m«kalf«iit I'elt.-ht of the evidejio*. 
Th« udmitted facts of tls« t#jfM« of the eeatifnot between 

th® itefeaimat aBd tfee Dofosteiaa ia our optaioa tead ©le.«rly 
to mj'!'v©"rt tb« theorf ©f the d«f<?ad'ii«t» It w©wld •««» 
extrei^ely imliksly- th»t <hsi« i»llb any appTeetablt <i«gTe« 
©f <mMti©a, s^o was abowt t© eatey into a e©n tract to 
a«ll & pi tee of pyoptrty for ttS,5©0, -^juld mfr®i»^ to imf * 
@o««lssi0a of 11750,00 to th« brok«r, ttpdo bis; pTomarlag 
a |«iT^®.««if, ye®4y &ble s,ftj| -f*! IX lag to ^y, wh<m |}« had 
alreiidy pi^oiai'od tfe&t imyefessejr aM tfeat pur^a».«r "wtn 
tfeere r«ai4y to slga the ©OHtws.«t, «n<t the a©t of "Ui«! Btllnt, 
la catering late t>mt Q^Qtraetg urns gslag to aak<i her liable 
te psty that e^gmlssloa^ aad the «%mouat to b« psiid <li»im iia« 
©aly ll,0C%:. 

Mth parties w«Tft ??«!»» it tt-l to latyod^i.o« »emn^biXf 
rvldeaee as t® t*;©. pr®fl«ioa® iB8<»rt#d la thf* o«»ntw»(»t tofft»««B 
tfe« d«f«adaat aad this l^rntt«lafi# reciting the terauB of the 
&gre«a«at toy the def^irifteat rs to th© p«ys#Bt of the ooawtssi^a* 
SVl^enee' of «h@>t this px^vltsioa imt,a* wms @3»p«t«nt %» beiag 
son© eridfRoe of ttst agi'^eseeat an to eoiaaiiaaioas to«tweea the 
^laiatiffB aad th« def«nl»at, altboiig^ it <tid aot coastituta 
t]^eix' &gT»^«'at» whi€^ *»« oral^ aa feerstofore poiated mit» 
Oouaael f©T tl^ plstlatiffa |)Olat« out 1^»t wfeile h» was ia 
% pofiitloa 1® iatrf^dntoe aucfo aeeoadUtry evidence aerely wpoa 
tlta failure af the dtfsa-^aat to psreduee a dofay al th# ocHitraet, 









&t.aX 



»tt'5 



-^•sf.sfec ■ 



a-n 






p»r««^%nt to notios, tfcf tvijjiintil'fs neve* having had a oopjr 
of the caantrftet -ese^Bsnelv**, 1*«» dt ft- n-Afrnt ooald not latre* 
dtoe« 8«eo^dary «vidiffiri©e wltho-ut satlsf motor lly tieooimting 
for th^ absenot ©f tkf cK*»tr«©t, It ^«.ving btea ahoim to 
hare bs«m In fc«» peR««»i?.laB at one tla«s and fwirth^r, th^,t 
'Wse cmrt trr«d la e«msi«i«3rlBg the »h@wiag 8»4«, ® »ati«» 
faotoi^r ©»«• Ja Q\tx oflRion it »sy not b» saiA tfeat tb» 
trial eourt cyTtd tn tfemt r^i^mj^, it &pp«%w* frsa the «»• 
eoQtyft^li ot^d tvldeaaf in %fe« yef?®f'd l^at trbeu e^la aoatraet 
l3«ti?e®a #J€ ^efr-adsttet »b«I th# B®-i®ist«i»s iwia ur«|»®f«!d. It 
«fts ia tyijsll^te. It does t-^&t mppesT, vfeetber Qne, tvo 
or tfere« &&pXm w«y# #BpQ«lted with the Ohie^^ Title A 
fis^iit Soaipmay la e»oro«r, aad if only 0B«f ©r two^ what di««- 
posltloB 9«« ffi9t4ft of the o%h(^t oopF 07 08 pies* xn out 
opinion, the tirlsl o&url erred in one rullog on the evidence 
relating to this «me0tl-m. Couaael for the plmintiffo 
e^ledi EerlBS to l^e vitntso stnnd ^nd asked htu «h%t beo&oie 
of tlic oonti^et' aft^r it wrs «t«eoute4, Objeotioa wae int^r- 
pe«o4 to %h&% Qi^etloa lay oounetl foi? tl^o aefemaaat, &n the 
gyoixad of prinrllogtf «»# Ifeat objeotioa »»« erroneyiaiiy 
siiietaliaed. The <SMi««ti0B of prlirilege »».« sot isTolve^ and tho 
witness should lioiro 1«8©b, peraltted to aaswer the question. 
fe tkX9 ©f the Qf^llllon, however^ -^at thle error e^a not imeli 
as to «^ for m reveroal of %hn jodgwent. the PVldRnei? in 
tk9 r»»OTd &f^&wB oleany tte*t no eopy ©f this ooatrfiot wme la 
the p&eae88it>a of anyone irho h^A ^yt^ing to do wil^ the 
traaa^etioa Bor ai^ an^y of such parties inetve &nf iiEnoii«l edge 
of i^at h&d b®o©a» of tb* ooBtj^aet or whfr® it erao. It is 
true, as oosaeeX for the pi&intlffa points Ottt» the lefeas^mnt*! 



•*3$« 



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bu«lmii4 ima not pr0dtue«€t »fi a <«(11a!i«igis nnd it w«>\il<l •«ea 

fjroii a r^-©«i|st ftptfearlng ©n thft original eserotr s-grfament, 

tbe eserow ws^e deliv^ss^d eitf!«T to Mt, Sl«» or to Mr,l,«irl«, 

tout so cofiy «an tii lii« s-v#««eftai"'«, ^^ad kis S»««t r«€K>i1.«otlatt 

imii ^at it httfX tmen tunstd ot«x t© Ityljia. Satfe tfe« l«tt«» 
&ad Ma elieat ttstifitd tfeat tbey had 3«®.«1?; ««!9!Td*#» for tfe« 

e®n1ST*.©t atsA that It ws0 not Is tlielif p0»«i»»siion n»4 »« fair as 
tfe€y o©«ld ir*9i^llffet ne^vsr had 'te^wn tu^ tfcty did a®t know 
■wfe«r« It »s.'.», IS® f»4r &i My, i^i«« is mao^yasd, ttee '!3<»f«R^ 

that ia o®n»eotlon «?ltte hmr esmydb tJ»« a8lce<a Mm **lf he- kn#* 
&£vy%biaf &be«%« lf| l« «M«l im^ lui %!«,aa*t got it.*^ 

'tliile £;eHBS m>.m b^lug late7i«>;p.tft4. as to f?bat 

«ffor6« b.e lia.fi »»dc'' t» 'loetete ttee ©©fsy ©f tlsp ©eatr^.©t} 
»ft«r »t«ting wfest fe« tea<*l «^ii#, la detail, ls« j&dAedj *J 
fefevfi J8a4© ©veiy po«»il>le •€&r«^ aad iaj^lry to loes.t* the«« 
<0«»a1sf>@0ta« l»e cause If I'hn^ then tbcjr »o«X4 Mxr« ad e»s« 
rlgfet toert. tym** St i« uri^*! that lfei» sn prfj^idieisd tfei» 
pla4Btiff«* cjaae as to neoes^ltat* tti* r«ireift«l ©f the 
Jtt<l^«nt. fl»« a®»# «»Rt«ntl»n Is »mei« -nflth r<*f«r«a3« to 
*n®th«r ressmrk ibs«s« by ttelg i^i tag's* ia tfe« ooti»r«« of feia 
t«-9ttaoiqr» wli«» fee *«» aek-ad ifeat prcsrl^loa w«».« las«rt«d 
ia t%» ts&nt-met ^twfe»a tht •3,ef»Tii-'ii??'.nt an^i tH« iamsjitfiae 
©onoiRrsiittg t>^e ««©i^t ©f ^B* ©^ssresjisaloa t© 1ms p^ Id *ad psiirti- 
e^latflir iffe^t ««mt»t urn* «p#eifl*?d la tMt ipr«iriatl©a, *.»fl he 



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-10- 

&iiaFtr«A, "tlTSO.OC provided the dftal w«»t throu^,* simd It 
was ob3«et®<i %hm% that »a« aot re«ponelve to t>it <|^e«(tion, 

^»d the ipl.t.B»«8 tt»eB *.d€(R<ll,: *lt w^ulA. b^ unfair, Y-^^ot 
RonoT,* m«a.ai»g t^at it fr«u'? d b® imfsir to r^^tstire hlai to 
it«r«Xy et'^t* thm »,®ouat wltttou-t ladluding l\w ftArth^r pr®- 
▼luic^B t© tfeeeffect that this simvmnt was to b« paid ©nly 
la catf ^« ^©ftl w<tet throujpjhi, la ©ur ai^'>l«jiaft, tfee cow- 
teE.tlsR »^4«, 8.S to th«»e t«^ matters, iss not t«»Bbl«, fh« 
j®iei.il: last r@ftrT«d to w»-8 not at »li serloias ^M<i a® t© tbt 
ressj^rk firet r«ferr«d to, %h^ ©l3|#©ticsa w)?ich oouneel inter- 
p®iftd -pas ifflsedistely sustained «MSd tk# aourt <MPd®T«^ It 
stricik«>R tT&» tl5« reoE>r<J, t-act, »t tl»« r^^iue&t df c^uiis«l f03r 
-^6 plai.Bttfl's, dlr«at«d tfe« |urjr to ^« regard Ifee et^tt- 
s#at. til ie «0t c©ift«i€l»r tfeat t'-e prejiidlalal eff«ot thi« 
reastrk g^r h%.Te fe».d iR^e sudfe that it lasiuld W5t fe« eur«d *nd 
cllisifts.ted ^ the ««tl^m FbicsJs tli^s ©©-art took* 

|fe« plaimtif f» eosplaia ©f the t&9% that te^th th« 
<l«f«©>lsmt mA mtins la i^t <5B9isr»« ©f thely tef«tiMj»y r«|i«at«d 
% TLvm^t ®f tlwi»« ttec a»»ertloa ttet tfe« sn«aorand«« of i^« 
agre«»eat @f ■^e dtf^B^amt, fts to ^amission*, whtoti «^« 
Iftserted la feer cssntr^ot Mth tfe« &!\raftt«iiw, ms to th» 
effeet tt^t sfa* »«8 to >>st » esiimissioa oaljr in e«i«t tfee 
sale wa» 0&a*tt8as«tedi Ifc beli»Y« the plaiattiffa «re in n© 
position to otmrplKlft of Ifent sR-ttft*. A iituate«r of tfees^ 
repittitlaas »o sjisplaiasl of hj the plaintiffs ««y« brou^i* 
oa by tfetly e©r'.iswel la crofiS-exftsiiBiag the wita«s»e8, &m& 
fwrtbff^WB^rt, ao obj^etloa was iBteD>o»«d wh#B thes« Bt%tc- 
wmts were repeated tn tiae st«urfMB of ^« ditect ©xamlaatioa. 



••<*t<5 












■•;■■. ■ -^««^ 



-11- 

T?ltli thf' mxmi^ition &f one ©©©Aelon, «uai vhmk that objuo- 

ffee jplsifitiffB oofittM fterth®r that tfeere 1« b« 
ooi^ftent proof la the T««?0P<i, ghorlag that th» failux* 
to e©n«tt«^t«.t» this »al» wms the fault »f tfee Saitteteiwi 
rather than th« <i«f«ncte®t, «ad tfeat tt^t fsot la that th«> 
4«fe«*i©nt wltMrfur fys* th« ocmtmet mnd ▼oliaatarily re- 
leased the Bo«iE!t»iii», asd thet srh« esajr n®% wGQmm^Siallf 
«yol€ payiag a 0«>ffiais«l«» la ths^'t ©R-emtr, la €mr opinlij^a, 
the xe0&T^ sto«9 aot Msjr mit tfes.t eonteiatioB. fh^ 4«f«iida.at 
t«atifl«!«i t© the f!!.®t tfeftt th« ferasieias «'3r»fiii»«# to ssrxy 
©«t tbeir pirote».»« ©f the pitjpeyty. fet thsris^fteT, th« 
defesyBiit pt&om*!t(ii$d t@ testify %& tb« eo»v«y8&tl<!im ah« hsad 
wit3'«- ioi^Bteia In wfeleh ht g1at#d that h« aii€ fel® wif« didi 
not bs.T« the »&jxvf s®,' wer« tle4 ap la some other tyasa- 
sotion s© that thgy eould aot go througft with th« uisrebftui* 
of th«t def©a,miit»« property, Th« pleintiffe oontend thai 
^it «'?^id?:ROt »s.« lai>oaip«teat» oa the gir©wa4 that it »a« 
within the h«ftr«ay rul«» this evld«>s,ee« ie (mt ocdnlOB* 
wi» ii.<lai»«il»l«j,. fh« sfe,t«»i»at ©f B©rn«tela t« th« S«fea4k 
mat, tK> th€ «ff«st th%t he vmn sot mhl© t<s m.tTf out th« 
pa*dfem8« ©f th« <l«f «»d»at • B p»t»'p«rty ims ft Terfe^l a«t, - 
hlg vnxy st»t»Bi«at oenstittjted a with^brmiml from th«i e«»- 
tt»ot» - %T»<* It «l«a ii|*v« his reaiea f©y that ft«t» !^d» 
9tD^t#a«nt8 ftr« a$!»itslblt« tlgi9v« oc E:Tld«no«« ?ol* III, 
9«etlo&c ITS© «nd ITTSj 1 are^nleaf oti i:vld#Be« (13th Id. ) 
••d. S1l«99,«, Kexlns g«ve si mi lax t««tl]»oay a» to ?« eonverwi- 



'.^«e im t^ d|f^ ti^^ £«(•' , 



v^tiJ-rji' f -y •Art''''«X «•»»:• 






-12- 

%loa h» had with th« Iftvytr of tb« aoxneteiBa, stating 
that irr. l^vis told hia %hsk% ha )i%d Mscmsc^d tb« matter 
with >hl8 Qllftnt* .^i-nstelA* and said ^x don't tliifiie 
l^ey hflLTt ii^t %nx sida«]f{*^ tb»t ^omsteia b&d told bla 
his wife wa^ tlok attd dldb»*t haT« ajiy moAejr ^ad thfi^t 
he figyjr«d if "he (ac»ra8teift) twRi««i. th« contract to 
•o®«bo<ly fflttep why §h« (the defead^iiit) profeably awjitld 
f«t out of it.* It afp«tj» tfestt &ttBT giviag this tftstl- 
Bi9a3r» Kerins preoeeded to »«.y that te« ©Rliei* up Mr. Orn*!- 
9GU0 OR# ©f the pl&iatlffa, sy-.d *mv« hln tht lafsimfttlon 
be h&d obtained fr©a l,wri», and tiat Q^ltoa then said 
he wstild get anetfetx- bey«r« 

"Ske plalBtiffe 0o«plaia 0f tfee i,etioii ©f th«» tritl 
©eurt in rsfvising t«© WTittee Instnsctl-^a* whlofe wete ««b» 
«ltttd« tn mt ©pinion tfe« action &f iM.i^ %TimX osnart, 
this heing & cm« txied in th« Mt»nloi|4ii^l @outt of €hid<^g>>« 
in refusing ths tvo t«nde7»d written in^tr^etions and 
sleeting to inatraot th® jury cizftU.jr# was not error* 
Msrton ▼ «, F>»Ojf« 23? Ill, £$• tho record fsiils to eftofr 
that s^y ohjeetida v&s i&te7po»«d }Sff oo^anseX forths plsiia* 
tiffs %& the oral ^s^rgo as givoa the Jury hy the trial 
oourt. fo ho in a position to urge tbat error v^s coa- 
aittod in oenaeotion Kith the ^&rgo to th« jury* objeo* 
tion ffiuot ImTO b««n aad^ in th« trial GOurt» siad suc^ ob" 
lootion imst h&vo i^intod out speoiflo&lly tho portion of 
^^ oh&rgo ohjeotod to whether the eoo^iaint ivrolvos a 
!smtt«r of c©sjifis»ioft ©r oniesloa, ajriggs A TarlTas ▼ » 
joiiggh ^ greth«?rg qo,^.. , 178 111, App, 438. 

For the foregoing roj^^ons the Judgaeat of the 



mfif bun t«W»'«» t»» ffvawl *»flf^ ■ 

Mm. 0M^ «iB«|Ti«> #«i# ,;*^*|»*: ^fi"' ' 



iSiS ^feftirci ».»'>« 









:;ffi©}(if«Srt :||fti«S(8t- 



Hwiloipi^ CJoijyt l» affirmed. 



;«f {«-.**«$ a 



205 - s^ee 



HARRlSf EMiUBEfH QlimV, ) 



J^ellfie 



«rosi:m .Mioom^s sxsaii. 







i / 

41 I.A. 606 

Opinion filed March 10, 193S. 



opinion of tim m^rt* 

fhfi pK.rtle» to tills ««.9« T^Tfi mafriedi in 1394. 
fhey hmre &tm cfell&» s^ sea* mitT tl ye&TB of %g:«. It 
fepptars fy©B the tefstlmoay is tl'-e re©ard that th^y hmve 
tt«rp»i!Ut«d oa a Kunber of oocaslone, the Iitst s«p»,ratloa 
Isakiag pl»&6 9B July 86, 1931, In August 19^3, th® 
e^Bpl&iimjKt, Mts, Gl««en, filea ». 1>111 for dtvore© 
ags^lasit h«3r m;(ab«uad* »ll«iglmg desertioB, ujnm the^ eoos^a* 
ion ©f t&« tisparatlon In Jijly, 19SI, fhe ci^^ffjadsftt 
busto&std files Ms 9nf»?fer denylag ^® asateriml Allegstioa* 
of hi« »lf«»8 bill, and later, 1a« filed s. erose*bill 
chmxglag bis »ife with d[e»«Ttl»Lg hla nt %hf tliae of tfee 
last s«piig3i^tloKiy ti.nd praylai^ th« oo'uxt to gnmt hla « 
diT0T9@ 9m. tbAt grotJiid* iare. sieeen fil«<} her anever 
to the oyoRF-blll, ienylug Its ellegatlons. Tfee lesuea 
tbde |olaie4 ««£«! eulsn^tts'l to the @hfta(3«llor» mud «ft«r 
beiiylag the teetljaony eisbmlttefi by tfee respective parties, 
m detr«e isaa ©stertd la fsror of the eowplRlsart, praisting 
litr a divorce fro« %im de^t^na n% ©a the grouad of desert- 
lea %Bdl aimxdlag her all«oay la th« sua of #7.00 per 



,2S6I ,01 fio'ijsM h3.ii't nolnlqO 






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y^.Tdmt$^' ,,iflT»>i 



-2- 

that deoree, ocatendi&g tbat the eh«ttocXlor erred in 
«ateylng a (3ser««5 In fHYor of the ©offiplRlnsBt, and 
«l»o in failltig to grant hl» a dlvoroe «« pxfeysd for 
ta M« C3ra«j»-'bill. f-so r*f>r«n©e waia a»d« to tb« eross* 
"MXl In the d«©re« appealel froa, 

fhe coiaplaiRRat testified thnX 8b« and her 
fe'opfiilr^nd irerR a^rriefl JaRXisxy 21, 1394, sad lived to- 
gether as biinbatad .^nd Hfe iwatit July, 10B1, wh«B h«r 
Iiu8la«,n4 l«ft thtiT h&mn ^nd did B#t r*tum to fe«ri that 
lit feat i l«ft b«>r pr«irlo«aly afefisat tight tl««s and that 
4Saifing i^® l8*«t period in i^hiefe tfeey Xired together 
•h« was heme r«felly oa proMtloai* thst h* ©«iy pro- 
ihLded for the kon« in fsifert} that irhtis hfs retwra^d ho«« 
the last ^»e »h« a«k»d his to l«t h«r haedle «u» a^oncy 
"bcoaBse ©f hie w-metefulness, sad thereafter »h» did 
hiaMIt 'fc«ith hift et&rnlnpi ©ad «'fseit she rec«lired f rcw t.h«r 
rent ©f eeme of th«ty rooaai, her ©splsnatioa helni^ that 
*ln «»«« »f aasthrr eepar&tion this !j»<m«y wsb to h« dlTlded,** 
Sh9 t®i8ttfl©d thett one day 6o«e time lat#r, her hu«bs»d 
be^*« angered over st^'ney .3ii&tt<*r» and dessmnd^d his e^are 
af their 8«.Tini^« Appar<^ntly, i^e gpive him » ch«dt for 
his h&lf of 13!»« money on tend, ^md the follorlng day* the 
eoBplftlnsat t€sitifled ehe prepared the aeala md then 
melted her hwehajad If he he'i oashf^. the ohedt. 'Jhether 
©r not he had diOne so d®«e aot appemr froii the erld'^nee. 
Qontin«ilng, th* eoaplailnant t©«tlfied th«.t after th«t 
ehe did net prepnre i^sse mesan, *a»d X thlj* I h»d to 
riMKind his that the rocqj he f«« oecupylnf? brougjht In 
four d©ll&i» r«at, m--*- mfter th^^t he Uft the four dollsm 






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»l^. fur*;} »?:>■'•■» •?'<s.i«f.„'r;- f*;, *rf' 
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n^iZci. 






oa tb« dneawir ^nd fee bej^R to rl&a to 1cs.t« a«d ©bout 
four v«e)cfi latwr b« l<»ft »«.• ^« also t««tiflftv1 th«» 
she slw^yt tTi*i! to inflo^Bo* b.^r huailminJ "to «5o i^at 

wft« "©eit for his^* ^Rtf tfcat sfe« lefcyned h-« »«• pltaniRg 
to go up to Mle.r-i««ol;a, i*«y« his B»t!i«r •*« atlll ll-^lng 

IkiB ««.» tto« •«t?s^i'«.tieii K<*Ai«b is the l>»«lc ©f feoth th« 
Mil .«»* eTO«^-ftlll» nad t^idh •efmrrtd In 41117* 1921, 
dtMCpIftlawfit t#rlifi«d ^ftt im tb« l&tter p%rt of t^At 
7«K.r hex huslSaiM ^suae b&€fe: oae 4&y a&d th^e^ tuKd » l.i.ttl« 

vlult; thst ^fee- l«Rira©<l. h«s bi**! l&«en fetok Ib tfee olty 
siri8« '|.hepr«'rti>iJi» .'^tuT^y ^&t% th»,l lie ^d b©* «j*.11 
fe»r up until MaBAs>y, tm^. «^@ f#lt »llglit«ia sfessnt tteai 
aad *«fts ?i9:tkey €©^olj* that b«f vlsi%(srd ». IlttXe wfcillt ajmS 
»»k«d h«t iifey th# rdoiitt «? 1^ vs.«mttt fet th^ tl,'^« aad b!j« 
replied %bm.t If it unae jtot for her «ffoyt» ete© wjxilda't 
hti-mt n Ijost, - •saa -«*«* dlffswtt®* 4ae« it aj^Ke to bl», 
ttttd. ^»t aadfi him &ngry %M he v«s% ftiniy.** fib^t <^ur'| 

•aid l)# ^d fidi* 

«!««»1tii3* 0f t&« a«f«a^at»» flBa.RSitl »t®,t\i» ans^ i^telllty 
to pity »limBfti^0 to #>l€^» la th« vie 9 ir« ta,ke of th« oftfte. 
It will nt>t l&« a«0««s«ry t© Tf.f«r. It ^pt^it.rn ttom tfel» 
•vidfncMt th»t l» 1@16« til* psrtiws hm «nt#red lata r 
«Tltt»B s^T^easfittt, at a, tla«» iA«B they »®r« living 
a»pi»at« ^^4 «.p!^t# tht sukwtmacrti of »*i.ioh tmM to ^e 
effect ife^t la 0@i*»id«rfeti?>a ©f -^e rfl«a4i« by &■», 
fl«ii«a 9f iSJay «tM kII (i3,fti« f»T t^rp t«in* «aiat«f^B@« ot 






<*4 ■ 



{m 



A9» 



■ I t^am> 



-4- 

iiit«T#»t Of mf kli^t vklfsh hBt }m»h»Vid. vlgtii ttftY« in th* 
tstatt 9f bl8 f».th«Tt {«it«fptiiig esay ri#t of dower vhicAt 
AlglKt TiMit In !^er upos |{«r bu«bJM)d*n ^«ftth)» h« ngre^A to 

|iay fetr ©n«-thir!a of sudfe »»jls.yy sa tee might i-ooolvo froa 
tla« to ti!B«, ouQii w«#)EXf -jaio^sncw ta b© nat ii^e?? than 
lis* 00 ptT w»ok "tjttlet-athfp ssbjbo sh*ll sro'TO a. h*r^«hlp 
ftftd i«p<>®»lbXo Of p«rf©riaaii©t|»* la whl«fe cast th« stssA/uat 
to !»« ps-ldwaisv-tD be <i«tear*iiB«d by arbl1>rmtor«| ?!!b4 'l^fftT^Si'' 
sat also sigrood to ftsslpi to ODSipl^.iatiat on#-tMr^ of hi* 
iat«;reat ia >ji9 fa%h#r»» ostato tati ■furtfe^y to dlspo«« of 
his interest in ®«^rtfelRllf« laaMT&neo polieioa at thfrela 
fnr©vls«dU the <»ai«@pl®.lnsat «.^«dt« that 8^« fe*« r«i©eiv©di 
^ppfoxiijatoXy i3»0ee fwsai tM# <lef ©Rdaat ^joaAtr tfeio ooa- 
traot, da 03?os8-e3RS©i.aatiott ®fe« w??* askod mh^^mt olae smdl 
fe«f i*?M.atead fe«*i »©% (li»ti!tt»s««t a s«^m?*t,loa teefo-re m4 she 
iiatwor*^ %%fk% %hef ted. ^a« a© » rm-aber c>f tl»«» sasl th^% 
tkp 11*4 twlo« previsivjsiy brougjit *n stettifen fojr tivaro« 
ftgsBtliist him* Is the oourse of fcsy tftgsttasonjr th« esapl^ia- 
&at ir«feyy«d ^ aastteor ri^jafeft^ bat so co®p«t<snt «Tld<^ae© 
nao «tife«ltt«t5., nhoflplng' oy t-«Bdiag fe» osso*, SHjr Itsprope* 
y«l»tl0n« by tl»t «li»f««i*teat witli ©aete n wMi»a, aor »»« fti^ 
ooa^Xaint of tfeat n®tmr« Includeji by tfe« eo3ipl*,lKa,»t la boi* 
Mil. WlfOFsiag to th# Qontrss.et of ltl@« the^ oomulftlft-ieat 
stated, it »a« »m ®frees$©Rt %e protest b«r in ?»«« of «- 
s^Pt^.y^tloa. Or, or@«»-eif&fs>j.i«Rtiaa sl5« wfco »»ltea whether 
or not, &t f»*aut th» tisa* of tbia »ef>fef%tion la ^v.lf, 1831, 
«fe« didn't aay, in tls* o»mr«o of b osnvoToatloa ^Ith hex 
soa^ that, afef i?a» g^&ag to •tferow hla out»* i-eferrtag to feof 
feusb9«id^ aa^ »li« «Bi5w«yo!l that atei had so reoolleetioa of 






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»0S : ■'■ . ' ■ -■ '■'' '^ 

fo* *iWf i«at ^«fin4* «i ife*»e ^»i* t!Mi^m^ 
tM tsi i 






■■&? til It'-:, 



# pf|-fW5t; 



«ftiE*-»«r*- 












■^ ,^ « >'. e/. V' •» j»' i&>«i> ;i '&"?.':* vir i^ fif •■ 



for ftft uncH^ulvocRil ^vrnt^fT^ m» to «h«^«y or eot sh* 

^feeth^py she- &tT9n% to i«.y *fert »lit ^& »ftt «Mfey it, ftmd 
she irn«w«r«>a, *I n^ul^l not tbiai: I ursiiI^ «Ry lt» hnmtxt&m 
t hair« fe«s»s sarmy* t®« leRi«Bt» lu<if;ing from «y f*fl» 
ing &lbicii'a% lt« y«s» I «@ult say yi»«» ibeit I. dl«i not say 
t©.* m« 9Smi%t»4 that wf^Blstr hiB«tef,n<S l«ft la J^ily, ISI^l, 
•hi? ^a a®t ask hljs to ftfey* lift* wimb asked '»1i«tl&tr sli© 
in* ^Itit willlag to htr« fei® (^ ajsd »h« tm»weT»4i "t 
wmB vsry Awcloijifl to h&ve hiss r«^-^?isia koine, if ht roul?S 
r«mRtta is the right spirit, ftt*«y»,- »lw»y» j^s.d t© 
hsT€ fei» hoawfe ia tfee ri#t epsirit* f*iid woali b« today, 
f«r t^-^t isi.att«r«^ ^« said fih$ dl^ aat aak biss tis> dt&y 
<<^«t p&ttim^ut.$Af0 *bi^t Eiw&ys S h«4 fttk»d hisi te«' 

f|t« oaiiplai&siitt sulmitt^^ the t^etiaiony of thrmn 
»-itR«»s«» In Mditi^ii t© h«r ©im, A Kiss Slj«ldon tt.^-:tifie^. 
i^akt tht fes.d k's^wft th* coapl&iBssat fer s&lt^ut thy®© y««r» 
TBfQ% tJis»,t »li« 4i4 ROt teitsw th* (5«f«iia«iit, ftM t^t ^rt6.g 
th« tiait 6h« b«4 Mmanm th^ ^Qstpl^ln^nt %§t Itnitb^MSd Ibs^ not 
b«OA iiTlAg wltfe fe»r, h ^IfiB i^uria t«stifi«fl thAt «feo 
lis4 knoiwa '^« esjiSpl&liiRat ulnse JuBi> lt83 (afeowt » year 
6ft«r the 8«pftr».ti9a to"-*k plaoe) bat thsat «he h&d never 
loaoirA tl^e d-feadsat. I>p"«reatly, tbis fltaese wa« » ro^woT 
la tSs*^ ©5»|*laia«.at*s hoae for ^bsut IS !?iOi|the fr?.« Ju»e 
list oa, feiiit «fe« testified that ^riag tbat tia* ao oaft 
if»» livia^ with the i}0is^ls.ij»at «» b«3r btaeaaai, Tbe l»«t 
of tl^e tfere# witaeeirtia, a ^i»» ffemri^ t«stifi#d th&t she 
fe%.^ kao«a t^e «^nplct.la»at siaee ltl9 , ^aa %lso that ^e 
imfcov tbe def ^idaat* ilie ims aeiced ho« loag tU»« fetad iamra 



'(■:-!i s :, t<^ 



■ el 



i»fi 



•^ikk 



'1 ^('fm:^ 



kl« and rti« imsirprea, that *it win aft«r that,* Sh» t«»tl» 
fl«^ that tfe« a»ai|>XiLiaaai maei tk« dc^t^r/^snt h^d not b««B 
limine te»g«tlier «« busbimd nmi t^ife vino* iluly I9^^I« 

t!j« for«g0iiig WIS all tbf teutliBsay swfealtted 
^ th® ao«j»l8itn«»t la is^ip|M»i't of fceir bill. To entitle out 
1» a !i«o:r«« of divorc* on tb* grsuiid «»f d^eertlon, a e©a(» 
pl»la»nt, mM9% eatalJliak, fe^- pTftiNS* te«ti®©i^, n©t only tfe»t 
the d»f«sa:i5iat l«ft %h® eem^lalMiat «R«ir« th%n tw© yfsaw 
firiar to tls« <^;jRt« ©f t^€ flllHg ef thm Mil of 9o«,-^lalnt 
&M th«t th« imTtl«s« hftv« net liv«d together aiae* t^«.t 
tiase, tjut ^Isa, tlist tbf i0i»tfithim.% l«ft "vlthmit r«a«s«ai3l« 
i^u»«,* It wUl b« ftCCA ffssa ^n. «*%?8iT*a.tl«a ©f t?ie ©vl- 
dea«^ 5?uiKiltt®4 fey tfe« ©oaplminaaat la »&!?;! -©rt of ber 
«a.jB« %h%% m%$ WH.B s^t carir^i^ormteii oa @,j%y dan af i^e 
paiiftta »fo®?e T«fsTred t», fsxa«pt, fs^atelMy* th« atooad 
©»•♦ M,oif«T«r» tfe« dirfee<is»t iis Aoim ia tfc« r«c0r(l t© 
!»»,▼« ftdalttt^ tb»,t fee left >>l© ^if« la Julf^ I9'^l» %ad 
ti»»tt %hm ^''^ aot livens t«>|pitli«>7 »inm Isut %« ^«» itot 
it^d>t th«t li« left vl'thomt reasoiiAbl« e»«»«« ^ the ooa* 
1a*.tff fe« specif iomlly defiif^d ttet in kla aBflirsj anf! in 
IflR e-y©®*j-Mll ®ll«t!^d f»0t« ttnaiag t© s^ow tMt h« dl«4 
.&»▼« rii«.«««MiH» i»taie f©i- le&'ring nie wife »i»il tJi»t tb« 
eiriR}n«t@ii0«0 ««?« su0h «< to %sso»at %& n denAvtloa of hlai 
9& |i«f p&rt. In mt ©pialsm-t it ie tatl^«Xy nlmx tij.tt 
t&e soKplAlmat ws» aot {natltl«d t© a d«er^0 for dir^tm f jroa 
^« d©fen<^ast on the gTOund of hi« dftsertloa of b*r, froa t&a 
testimony la tfcle rettord. Rot oaly la tfe*!T«f no ©oyrotooratloa 
■siit&tevftr of her ooat^ntlsa tJmt the defen.iant left h»x witfe-* 
mi% 7«4i«G«iU>l« m^f« ^ui»« la our oi^lalf^n* li«f aum tostl* 






a>iRv ■■' *■'■ ''■' ■■- 



11/^".-??= 



sn'tv 



?flr« «imr *f Xr 






-7- 

stdBj £J<9c« net »ak# o»4t R ,ji rletf t f«^elf' «s^«« to t^'^t #ff «t, 
Wt ».r« not iiitfye'Sttitj la th« pTios" »«paTfi,tloaa ©f th«»« 
|iarti«», wbtoh «ty» T«ftm're4. t® ta 1di« yeodr^i, ieeeirdiag 
to |^« «©'^l>Xaias'st»B o?m te»tlmai^, f^'tm.twv9t was inTolred 
in tb€M»« »«p«r»tloaa ^&ci teen e»aSoa«d* It 1« i^tot oon* 
t«&t«t th&% ftny thing h&pi»«««d ifi (3<»nii0eti0Ti vltb t)i« 
•eps.r'RtissR ©f Jt>ly,l^l, tfeat wmO-d h«.rf the effect of 
r«Tiiriag asytMng ^®.t bstd hitpp®a#a in tli« p«Mit» R©r ie 
tli^^rf! fasy e-rlf lessee thist i?©Tiil(S teat to i*>«i? th?** «««h was 
tfe« ^iHi. App&rsiiitlir* tfe# re«il ilffi<mlt|r fe^t^etn tels»»# 
fsftisa. rfefttt^ ttpsn tfet <j«»«tl0ii ®f fRSinisy «8fett#y«. If, «s the 
ooapiaiAtJit l^«3wlXf t#3tifi«d* »h# m.v«d ne littl« for hi« 
pi»«»#B(i« in the belB* ^&t i^s »»fleet«d to j>?«p$.T© the aesls, 
AA^ felt tliat s^« *H^d t0 ¥«mind ^im t^at tb« room Ibc 
wms ©e0«pylBg fersryg-'t in fstir ft»ila»» Teat,* It i« not 
irtjrprisimg tfcgv,i h9 e«iii#t ©the* fus.rt«rs, 

then t^9 4»f«»*:1feat to©*: tii« atnad fee wm« »»k«<l 
tc» tell tli:« <K>t;irt ^*«i? hfe aad fels. itif« ema« t» •spftxjs.tt 
iB July IS®1, a»<4 the ssubstaa©* of hi» »nstB«T *■»-« t© fii« 
•f feot tMt he )m«l l':;et hi» isesitioB; t1sf%t h« had hAi 
ft &«tv6»« bffrAk d&'9« andi his rife ** e€i^j^«iie«d to f^t k:ia4 
•f Odol tov^Tdfi m9i* t^st b.« «%at«d tota.k:« & front rooa 
ijR %%9 bQt>s« ^ad tMt 1^0 rmm»Tktt^ th3.t t'h«X'« «rpiaa*t 
ro®a «B©v.^ Is tfe,«r homuft f#y botfc ©f th«<a. Apparf'Stly, 
fe* ^^ not l«ay« at tlnat timf bwt A!i©%tt twe v«efc» Ifttey, 
h* t@ttifi«4 )t« 9i«t M« vtte OB® ^y on tlie «tT«ct ».Rd s^ 
e%id# reffTTing to th# 7««|^ li« ^ms oec2ut>ylaf» *^o** I 
«%at t@ WBm thftt yowi« vbin &r« you foing to g«»t out of 
the h©ui»|* sad tte&t h§ replied, in snlftitanoe, that if 



«iifS» 



«,«»?? v'tesf*. !*«» sf<i4fe «^ !^n' 






th»t m^«»h®w shef f«l* ftb^wt It li« umiXd 0% hiti trunk 

tmH le»v«# S« ntftte^ further tka-t wben he T«?t«3me«l how* 
OB tbst 90(^Mon fcits Fife Sis.?! 8«pajBttt«€ his thing*, til 
re-aOy f^iy feia t© |>aafe tip. %« ?!ef'^«j<'^;^nt t»iitlfi«?fi fwTtJJ«T 
ttet tte.® Iftat ti»» h« ws:» iivlag «it h<*«e h?» iir?»s» t?i'-r» only 
about t,hT## .fflt>iatfe« n,fk^ tfe^t lit emm.% 'ioa® s,t t?^« '^M^lmfiliiii 
of ttiat payioiS fete«ias«s b.« K»t#4 bift wife t© tal» him 
tim^t Foi- tea,«©a« alrfacly r«f«Ty«-^, is we viXl a©t QOJBJS^nt 
©e t&© t«sti,®©iijr glir«B §y jbilai «►» tit ^,m#stl#a #f his 
ftMUtjr to pajr ^li^&f^r* 

tfe* tmlf «itS*er »ltii«««' W'lo t<?«tlfie^ wa« « ffitt. 
I«0velstis4# awlsRitted 4^ the dtfesd^mt. It mpmi.itn t!mt n^t 
llY«4 in tb# @»iiplaia»-.nt».t fesHgs-f «,« s Tt>f'a«f far «^tit flv« 
«0ath«» tt^m f%fm.%xf t® «lfriy, IS^^l. %« t<*stlfl#^ tlimt 
sfet wsia prescmt ^t tht t.t,sisB tM "afstcmis-at i«ft s^S timt at 
that ti«t i?te# h(g.ft.y(t i^«? e-aa!|slffi4.at«t wmf t& htr Jmsfesini •tfestt 
he oofeld pn, tte.t i» all, g«ft ® Ismi* a<md ■aaT«,* ??:h« 
t*atiri«dt faTtfeiST tfefet OS ©a« ©efmaioa ffc« fetard tis« eoai* 
flaiii«Hat t»,li:.lng t© fc«T »«a of#» ife« ttleij^oioi ?ia?l tl4«.t 
8h# tela b«ip »€m tli&t *ifee w»« goi»g tfe |5Ut toiw ®ut,* 
TStvmX'a^ to h«i* htmbuM* 

Aft#r the- #ifead3mt ftaS Mrs* l»dT«ls«d h&^ ttsti- 
fl#d b#tfe piSTtiea ysstfed sad ». disewtsal'-^R f«»ll©««i ijet-w««ii 
m mfX «?-M r«tt»l*» wei-e »»«.* lif tfe« «?0\:is?t, «llrtf®rrlag'. to 
^t Gtt««tlflai of fellMesy, fb# co8i|3l»-i J5»nt wa« thmi r#®all«d 
^ tb« ets^M ftad jp.v« sa«« f^r^ex t#stia«]qr» all ef «hi«li 
&a4 to a& vitb the (^NWfttioii of th« ability @f t^e def«&d%At 
t« i^%y ft-li»aay, &iie «sB.#e bo r«fey(8iiot In h»r tettlaony tp 
&sy af th® ®*tt«y« whlete Md been testified ts, either by ber 






^ *»j 



,-m: ■■■' ■ ■' 
mi ■ ■. •" ■-.■ 



>^g2«* fifs^ &"!i-4'= :ii*i;s8^s5' 



^* sMiMt ir«rf AJE©!? *«f» 



'*'%i. 
«.«*^- 






mXtm^^f rttmrTBA tt, srubsiitted fey t3ai«t atfm'd&n%, br w:v:» 

•.«k«s*l wfee-^tr h» h*.A |>»,id hA® wlf t any aon^y toward b^r 

bft l)«^«^. g« ir&,s stakes hm m.?M M iiaa glvta mm tet *m- 
iir«x®4< *J &l«&y» g*v© ht» fto 1^ ISO wJi«a J m* vdjrklng* 
«t«tyea hs«e, I ®aY« &»» pft lat .140. ffe»tt I aduld g«t 



(ll.T®f©# f j©« r4« »if» on ^« liiroiimd of (S«t®rtloa, m« 
pr&f«d i^ kl« in tel© eronit'-bill* a© far &« t?s» li«stl- 
flids^' la this rteerd go®8 it vov:i 4 fift«B th«^t th«» (i*»f aa^- 
aat was r^otbiBg mare. I^ian » roswwT in his oim he**®, If 
th#«« p-Ttles fe&d dlifertncei! ©ver «sa«ir setters, a« 
wmltoppftsiy ff©!8 tfe® ®n4^E«3* »Mteiiltt«»i ^ batfe ©f th««, 
»M Im ^\sly l?mi» TOa|*l»,iB&i4t t9ld h#r b\3»tea.M he <j«wld 
l»®>«k v^. %£lt t^&ffigt %M lw^v%0 fjid if «b« told h*t 3«m. ^« 
«&• iOl)3g %@ put him «rat* neiMi 0f v^is^ «h« <<ieiU.ss, but 
a-ll $f wM^.» if ®By thing, is oortobor«t#a by hw €»» 
tc«tigi0s^« w« mT« of ^» ©piai^a tlia^t, Ib legal «f f«©t, %ht 
omplMimnt dU»»ert«d fevr ht^l^aM la Jttly 19^1 «uid th»t tke 
I»««9f t© tlsls #ffeet l« 9ntfi&ltfnt ta a««t th« y«<?«lre«ffnta 
»f t^^ ttatiate, ¥«, ctf «ei%r««« nay ;a<»1i ladulg* la mtLj 
^n3#«Jtare» at t© ndsttlstr eitbej' of ^«ii« •a«rti«i( «lg?it 
■feev^ s?iibBsttt«d fwr'^.KT pf?i©f , fes<* tiiey obo«»a t» lo ao# 
bat w« &y# obliged to take iwsh aetlaa a« in oiir oplal^a 
ia py^Tseir UB^«?ir the law, o» thtt praaf tb«y 44 <5 mibmit a» 
diBesl.oaad by '^t rccsard* 



w«* 



1^-^ 









•iS.jMJ.i«ii' 



4 ■ 



^-.llSS!: 



■>/ji 



^*>tK- i^-»r, '■,;:,?,, a*'*? 






... . . US} 



'^rj^^ 



Ib3a*&t..;>i 



-►10- 

of the Qlrmiit GqmtX %» rev-^rsed And xkm a»u«« la reiekaaded 
to ^M% c&ut% rltlv iSlrciotiaiis to diaii&l«e tbe bill &S ooat- 
pl&iatu f«3r vsiat of o^ulty. ?*»<: «at«r * d,««r«f la fav^ir 
of i^« ©ros»«-^«plM.t«ia,t, Its prs-yitd in his e?o«8*»Ml 1 • 



fikii.oR Ats o*mmm» sa, ^s^n^ 



•*?.!■- 






■Kt. 



{ ?• i<-i'«.**/..i 



■!<?■ 




6 - 

\ 

mmnf % maiit ktm, 

timm f© 

kXimm A. USYfl^ JOHK-#. A0f?|«. 

Opinion filed March 10, 1936, 
m. smttm ©*ei5MgM d*liirered thf atrial ©n ©1 



claft«i *13» «e0uTltie« uader th® previsloftu ©f the ililnaie 

ge«tiritl«« Ifew, for t^e ren&s©* tfes.t tfce defcndsiBts failed ^ 
fH« e'-fts^la d©ews«Bt« In the fsftlee ef t.b,# gitcsy^MTy ©f ■'■t^i»t», 
»• y»«5wlr«Hl by t&« p^BVitiaiaft of ttett act* Stafestantlally 
mil of the «vldeuoft ©ffered fey plsiBtiff ws«» i*p-5B ©bjao- 
ti9a« #xolud«d fefid s,t the elose of piftlutlff •« e9.»« ther« 

Hit f«o^ Wi<a %hft %Mw icrrolTttd 1a t^le oa««« «xe«i»t 

«.» to %ht ne-rensl a«miBt« plfttntlff piv« the «l«f«indsnt» &r« 
tSi« «ii.a» »» la tfee <»8« sf f ^^d r , ^ fY^i.M tl aj^ S9a« S99ai, 
Illlaois ji^ptli&te C^t^t, Ilmt Oi strict, la wliidb w« h*Tt 
file A aa ©plnlem tfcl« daay •■ ,.„ 



C5$'®i 



LI lkB.i 






■ -^ *MM .4.-- '** 



. ^t 



«^:4^r. *>«* <i»il^ i 



■^^ 



tikt fi»f«Bi^S:ni&tii III this fl«»« !}»▼« filed brl«f » 
«ta4 arigttBt«tt%» idtnUealif t^« K^^ae us tho«« filed by thtts Im 

t^ss MM JEM* «*«*P* »*■ t«3 ti^-ff ti.tla of the «Mi,»e, in 

^-f^liosta* hi»7« itiitS fer th« r«fuia»» t&ers glvei^ the judg^twat 

of tls« Sii|3e3FlS3r Court of 0©©k a^ttBty is r?>v«3»«d stsl tlie 



iKsmos* f.a'. *si) fjinc^, ^. fiio^ 



81 - 3DS34 



OAHA I,O0I@I '"mi^LB, 



Appellee, ) 



▼. 











o I i^ 



Opinion filed Ma^ch 10, 192S, 
U, mBtim 0*QQmQU <l«live?«d the opinio of 



thB 6at\7t. 



iy- l^is app#*l the def«'B'?*aat ew^kn to T«irer«« t. 
d«OT«« awarding fl®Mplf!iBiai3.t s^para-ts KftiatfiKsao© la aoeoTd-» 
istaoc «if^ thr pyayer of coftpla.tasjst»« telll snd aiumlaslag 
th© d«fei>«,fe^iit»« exossbill for a diTorcfs for w.s.nt-of »euity. 

Ott ^hsly 51, 19SS, the 0".>«.pl&inn.a% filed %9t Mil 
»g®iiy?t df!ffia'5t?,at prsylng that a (S«cy®e b« ©nterf^.i airardlng 
b«r »«?mi*ft.t« Bailnteaa».Qe, alleging ipter glla tbmt an Dec^aiber 
t, 19^1, ^6 <Jtf *<Bd»sat willfully <le»©irt«di te«T irlt^.mjt any 
reaaosaljle ©s.i3»«, H« aiiswrr#<! tfee Mil sua ®n Octo^r 8, 
l^t, filed A erossbill for a aiworee, b«t€d on tht ^ouiisl 
that oa H«oember 10, 192^1, ©c»m& Vainest fead ^♦•©I'tsd hia 
tfithcwt iKnuflC. She auaa^eredi tfee cyoeeMll aad on F«te«w«.ry 
11, 1935, ^ leave of ccs&rt, filed i&n aaB«ad«<i Mil. fh« 
defend'sat aa»»ered tfee a»«B<i«d. Mllj the asitter w&» beard 
before tl»e <^aaeell©r and a d^'Or^'e enteyers Mf-rdh 9, 19SiS, 
aimrdiag c©mplain&at tfee relief she prs^jed for and dismissing 
fSefeti aat's erossMll for want of eQulty, 

ffee eYl(3cnc<?' tends to abo«f tft&t oomplalnsat %n<i 

«l«f«a'3i^.at weT« married Sovssssbftr 11, 1909, sna oontlnued to 



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lly« together ly^til itbout mctmi^r 8, l^lj thst th«?r«* were 
ao ^iiar«»a l»>ni of th« aarriagej thstt about April, 1919, 

Mr. fend Jfcrs, iCr».u8«# wfe^ bad to#en frleaito af tht defeadaat 
•laet tl5i«^ Hfsrt' c^ildr^n^ ©a«e to llTe with tbe eoaplata* 
ftst and 4«fs*neJs.,at» k f«w r.0Btfe» tbf.;?e&ft«y tii* Aef indent 
«nd Kf«xi®« rentipfl s^ixotfee*- «|myt«eat s«a tbe two f«milie« 
m&t^A i»t«)t.lt Bjsfl liTed togf tii^ir, Somttia© prior ta i^'oly^ 
1919» toeo-uble »r©«© bet«re®K rj*a'tt»» s-Bd oin ?tlf« x^.nd fee left, 
Hi» *lf« (3oatiim«d to litre la tfee apsTtasest witb 9o?Bj>l!si«» 
sat ttti teffBdfijst, About ^ly lO, 1919» Si^ws© retuyned 
with »n &t%&tn.ff la a© esdesTor t© iaduee ^.i» wife t© 
leave th© apisrlastnt and lire «ith bi« at aaotber plus.©*. 
^e T#fa«6<3. to do tbis Sfmd tfe«Mra^K l:i«a«fie stceiaeed the 
def«ri4aat ®f having t®p(r©|>ef rtlstlone with hie wife, 
fhle im» #&iiied fey the def^^sd^at assd a ^u».rr«I fsll^ved, 
Irauee left %h^ pr^ieee feut hie wife r^fiaee^l tcs go with 
felm, aad lliereafter complaiimjsat, deftatont aad Mt-a-* Kyauee 
etmtixiued to live ia tfee R|)«».rtaM?at uatil the f0ll0wiag 
©prlttg vh%n i^n le&ee expired, and tb'?fe««.voB the three 
aaared t© naother sp&rt^eat, ftlthcmgjfet (Ksmplalnaat ©bjected 
to Mrs, Ks^aee ^iag irltii them to the aew sfi^rtaeat, ffee 
evidenoe furtber »nmm th»t prior to Jwly, 1919, ooapl&iai- 
aat aaai (t»fea-^sat lived together without havlag hisnt aay 
adewadjsretsmdiBg sad. t&»t thay up to that tl«e h«;d no 
troul^le with Mre, Ir&^ee, Yhm eridpnct Bb©*ai tbst the 
defeadaat, togt^er with hie oouela, conducted % store 
ia South 0>>is»?fO ftad that hie «lf« assisted him la the 
csoasSftct of the etore for a i*hile, hut t^P^Jf^fRtly, the 
iFort ^eoBtne too hard for her imd the dtfea^isat thea eat- 



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ployed MTs, ir^u»« la h«r steRd, Mrs. Kr»uft« ««« Aaiploycd 
4o«m toira duirlng tb« my 6.nd vQvkmd at th«i ^fen-'^aakt** 
store €uriag the ^'^eeimg. t^« 9ter« oloscdl aboi^t nln* 

©•dloek sue? the d^fftziaaat «»d Utb, Ir»««« roui<5 coaat 
hoauB together at about 9s SO o*9lodic isfcea tli« eo«pla la- 
ant WBii^sllf fe&d tbe «T«Bisg «©al r«^*sdf for tisea, Th© 
evidecoe furtJJcr themtt thst ia Augtsftt* 19^1, ©dfflplsliSB.nt, 
aefeadstat *ad firs, lr®w«« w««t on a trip to t«Xl0*ratoa« 
Paxk together, oaaplala^at t«?!;tlfle€ tfeistt s*^e ©bi«ote€ 
t» Urs, Ki^wsrts golag Ht!^ the» ob tfe&t trip* Ott aa* 
oeca^idn the three oi»6uple4 th# »aa# xo®» la bi 'hot^l; 
<4«feE-::ajat taJcia^ tfee positlos tb's-t this wae a»s©«s«ry 
to •&▼« «xp«ii»e, ao^pi«iuiitBt testified, that ia the 
dio^niimg sbe st«p|j«d out of tfe© tO(m to ^ to tlie lavatory 
»iad wfeftB she imtiumed* »fe« foai^ the door td the roo» 
lGcic«d; ttt%t flh« rt^^i^s^ on 1^« ^or %6d %f tef a fvw 
ffiinates tt'« di»or «as op«n«d« Oai^piaitiaiit ftartb&r t«stlfi9d 
that oa Lateor I?ay, l^X, sft«r tfet tlsr«e fead 3rst«rmed ffom 
& driT* in the fjirsaiag^ .«te© fewad ^« ^efea^.aat Isa Mrs, 
Kra..tis!«»9 ^drooa eaibTiSisiBg b«y sjb^ l^ftt eoMplaia&Et ol>j«cted. 
fb« eviAtne*' sfeoirg that on oeoc®i«T 8, 19S1, tfceri» ira» 
t]PovM« bet??e<?tt ooii^l%in%at aad rtf f en aat, 0©«T»l«iliiant 
testified ^&t tee stmdk her an th» side of the f&e«» 
vreae^ed hey &»«« aad l«ft black and bltse flufer printti 
on htr mrist; that oa tJi« lOtfe ©f Deoe«T»T, 19^1* the 
c©«pl*t tiMtat iatf'P Bi^-ntlss* K&viag coaf erred irlth a lft^»y«T, 
to »e« what ©oiild tee desa* t© put Mrs, it ranee out of the 
eiMS-T^est,, l«ft the ©par i^ent 3%Bd renftiaed »way tiatll about 
th® Slet of tM.% m»ath. the tSefend&nt t?^stiiled, that ae 






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vbcn hlB Tift Ifft tbe sxpartatat xi tha lOth of Q&Bitmbt^'f, 
toe vent to a botel^ Urm, lr%iQS« r«^alnla^ et th« ft^p^rtn^nt; 
that «h«tt hl« rife Teturo«d ©n sboat th© 21»t of thai month, 
he psdfced u? his b«i&ngiii^ rr^ left, refuaing to lire with 

bis '<(if«« Itiere is et^er «Tid@»«Mg ia %h0 reeojr:} t«ndlnf 
tn sUt'V t^'vt fK*si ti't.ly, 10113, th^?tc rj-s ti8ftsl»l<» bfet^^ec-n 
oeaplalaaat j^n^i the dtefeartant on aosouRfc of M?». Kra-iase. 
The defta^KBt ^nd UT9t I'TEkuse botb testified 9»iid«. of 0'9ursf« 
dftaied any isf-icisper 7«I&tidiis«^ 

*^tti the jjaijbifja Ilk V<%-%ix ;«IM« ■■i'Qu tSs^t 'hi^t aetloaa aR?l 
iKia^tuet rendf^red ^ lit 9 of tU« 0ompIsiB»at Ol&rft Lduiic 
UelMBlt ^i8«rstbl«t aM h&e liviag ia s&id ho«« vii)ie&d.QnttoI«{ 
tb&t %hc OimplaiiiMit dart, l»duiiie Pebelt o"feJect«d %q the 

said ct«l!U. ^tyum€' umB^im'&u I1& '^1^^*12' k-c^e^ «rt'i >::^a Msi.£^> 
oO'SStisiasa i^ia&jfr^iea »xtfe tsii'^ ^«i^,idairJ * * ♦ ©srou' isb« 
pT«6«ns« la their ho«« of tfee said Stella Iraesfe; tfeat 
despltt tla# objection* &f c^ld ooapl&lnt,nt • * ♦ the de» 
f@a€sat Insisted thii,t itftila fr^vm9 rei^aln la s%id hoa*, 
»Qd -^s^t the. s«i.x€l kiteiXa S.Tm'UBe di6 i4'ii!it.iA i& )&4>id hosifi 
uatll sbout D«c^^ey 1»# i9Bi.>* 

ffe«r« l8 other evldpnoe in tfee record to wbiofe 
*« tmre n&% ftlverted, tending to thoir thi.t the findlBg 
of thf} dh&&e«Ilor s)^bov» Quoted vcs t^ntirely j\28tifi«d* 
B^th tfe« £!*1>».<:j^©t Wswa ^;"*. i3'!".u»« %^«iii'led »kt-t i& wulf» 
193.9, Mr, Xrftuoo ohitrgtd th« defeoiest with JiftTlag improper 
relatioas with is i?if« *ad yet •&« continued to live in the 
hmxnm a long tliE« a.fterwsrd» ower the proteste of the oo»» 
pl&lBant ana ??itfe the entire is-pprorsl of the i3ef«n4ant. 






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Oouns^l for th« defea*»nt oontende tfeBt th# «Tld«a(W 
fa-lls to sbow tbat Ifee relatioiui b»tw«®n tht d«f®iidaat 
ana ,«y«. Srau8« mmre Improper and eouBssl for th« oo«r 
plRinaat la reply th«r«to »my *•!« agree vitls (sounecl, «ad 
Rt t?^i8 ]polBit we d«»ir« to «ay that re d© not olaia ther« 
is In the reo«r4 may ©vid^nce that tfeere i»4« aiay llllolt 
Intercourse l>«tw««ii ut. Bebelc aM. Urn, Krsu***" t^v,-^a 
a earefal a>ii»lder»ti©fi of id I Wie evldeaoe la tfee reoord, 
«• '^Isk It plain that eauasel t&t tM« o^mpl«fci&&nt &r« 
entirely too %od«»t In their contimtloBs* w« &re of the 
opinlan tfes.t tfe«5 ewid«>»oe ©letyXy sho?»8 t?J»t tfee rels-tlent 
b©li«r«en the defea^^^nt luRd !It». Krauet ^joatinuing to live 
together in the a.p*^rt»eat idtfe ^t eoaplalri^at over the 
I%tt«r*« proteety we,fi «(^nd%lou« ^tnd to oonten4» %e the 
d0fead%fit do«8« thi^t t^-e evideae^ is Ineufflcient to 
•upport the decree Is to ignore the facte estabiitshed by 
the evideno®, K© d«©re# oouia stand* eiforj^t one In favor 
of tfee o©fflpl»4nsat. fhe finding of the chftneellor wai 
the only finding tlM^t o©nld he issde, oaaai stent vlth the 
eTld«Bi»» 

the defen^fat contends that the ellegatione of 
the hill *r« ittsuffleient to e«jjport th« ^eeree, be«auae 
^ere l« ae allegation thmt the e««S5flslna.nt w®e Hiring 
nepftrs,te and a^part from he» hueh&ial rlthout her fsult 
&s the etfttute re^ulree. the leir does not require the 
silleg^tion to he in the words of tbe etsetute* it l« 
««ifflol«ait If It appesfcre fr©« the ellegations of the Mil 
th&t ©®8spl8la«nt nee llTlng eepemte m.6. apart from her 
hnshend rithot^t h«y fevlt. The isaeaded hill alltgee Inter 
elfat t hat the ««f»n«lant hrou#t Into their hone Ire, Krsuee 



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aad thRt Ai'%eTf!».T^M b» bee©.aie sot* IntlsBat* »ith hftr than 
hla duties &« kusbamd of t!i« €@«^Ialtt«.nt wobSS prersiit; that 
1b ^nljrB It»I9« M7«. icrftfi8«*a butb&M 9eeu««d t&e <1lef «nd«at 
of hstving llllolt ]r«l«ti&at vlth his »lfe; tl^t K:rati«» 

fefterrardB ol>tftiaed » dlToree oa the grotiads of de««rtloa 
be<^tta« €tf ffucte latiBaejr; tfcat afteiwmrd* the 4efftsa».nt 
(»oii%l&ii«^ his latlK&t« relations t'ltb Mro. Krause^ d^^i^pit* 
oaaplainatit's obj«oti&atj ^iit A&i«n)«m% m&m gifts to 
teer »sd MiAfr tbe TellewstoiMs fark trip abof* rfifterted to; 
tlytt on fesooimt of tfe,« e$ndj*et of th« sftfsndsat t®^''«,rd 
fkm &is^plm.imi.n%0 tfee oo&pl&ifi&at on deoembeT lOth left 
feoy fefesB* and took refteg® with htr ®ieter for feftr that 
tb« Piefea i-SBkt wo® 13 1i»e&t hey again as Me hsd 4ont oa ^« 
oveaiag of th® 8th ©f SSee^mfeej*} that »he ^en tstaraeS or 
tlie 21st of a«otat>«y, aft^r ooasultifig with ooub3«1 ^ad» 
tfe*r«u|i®B» the d.tf#n--3jyttt paoked M» btlonglagv and lef t» 
ati^ iwm tM.% ^te willfully d«a«rt«d. !md aba^ated faiaatlf 
fro® the ^>splai aaiit without reasoaatle o«.us«» f^^ thlek 
tb.««o allef^tiwRfi «.it gttffl.ei«at t© 8«st*la ». deerew f laiA* 
lag that ffowplaifistnt ign.B llviag eotiedpato ©ad e?«,rt from 
h«y husbead wif'^owt her f^ult* the?® I® »o 9i«Tlt in -ie* 
fead»Bt*t eoat«nti©a tMt tb© oourt eboaia l-iave awarded 
teliB « d«or«e ofdfToref! iiad<sT hit oi^sstolll* vhXeh <^&t^& 
itSsAt c@mpl%itmn% hn^^. villfulljr i^certtd him on. 4i»9e«li»ov 
8«1.93^ vlth«mt SmX% oa -"tlf |»airt« 

^p&Bt ft ireful oottsideiatioa of the «Htir« fftoord^ 
ir« are ol«iurly of the oplBia>& that l^e d«cree of tho eh»ae«110Y 
WMi fully nfcXTsmted Igr tiif eria«-aee aasi that ao otfeejr d«ier»« 
iwmld stiMftiL la a ornxxt of review T8aa«d. iapaa tfe« erldsnee. 






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W« tklak tfe« apfjeal in tbl« esse la wholly i»ltbout saerit. 

in ffiffiXM4« ' 



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W*\ 







Pi'EAt FROM 

241 l.A. 



~ '' Opinion filed March 10, 1926, 

■m., jmtim ©•CC-miOH dtlirered, the opinloa of 



Plaintiff ©u®d the d#fes.*v,nte t© Ti?e&V9T ^8«40» 
te«lap: tlhp v«lu« cf s areg» titiiGfe 9b« bat a«livtrta to th« 
dsf«B,<isBt« f«»r clt-^iilnf, tiat wriote h«« ^t been rtturaed 
to h«y, f-a the ©tfe of M^Tcfe, 1S35, tfe« s««« ir&« tried 
b«»f©?# the eeisrt 'ritho^t a ^wtf ausd aft®T b^eftriag tiie 
evldeae* said, etrgum^ate of e^^iisel, tfe.t-Te wsta a fiadiag 
In favar 9f plaintiff fer tb« msoust of h«y elaim, i1ud|}» 
8i«iit W'^'S enterf^o. d» t)!« fiadtBig and th® ^rc^«Se (JXeaaer 4 
Dftry So«p!^.Kf» hweJnafter referred w a» th« ds^feadastt 
WS8 «.llow€id aa ap'seml, f^®rs*aft«s» oa ;rfsXQfe 27th« th« 
ourt, oa motion of t^e <3»ftst'lc^t« iracis.tadi aad ««t ft»ld» 
the Jud^ent aaad oa ApjMl 24, 1»IS, tb« oast '^ns &,,min 
hi^rd t)«tore the ^eiurt without a 4«ry» f'ad tlierp wa» a^ia 
& flndlag «taa Judpient s^inst Isoth defenaaat* for |68,40 
&ad th« defeniiiaftt &i>p«als« @o fs.y as tht reoerd diseloaf^a 
l^a d#.fea4a*t Ford* did aot a::vi>«ar st the trisl aniS Ituur 
w^% &ppeal«d froa th« judgoieat mitered agsinst ^la* 

At the cdsaaaeaaeat of -^e tri^.I* ti^« rcdard 
Siselaaes tbmt tli.« eourt stated th»t after ttie f irtt trlsl 



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'-tit ttl^Ri^-' 

.;. ,;■- viii .am »^J4 ^::*r^a-f,t */^c? ^ - ■ 

i,i*i:>^ t-Sffla^:-^ ■^«>«^**S'» ^'jW'^isg^.H 



•f %h« 0Rji«* ther» wm» so«mi troubl* mfeoost settling the 
Mil of eacecT»tlon« hiwI %© 9t>Tlv.li» this dlftl«taty, wug* 

f««%ed thftt th« 3t!cig5»«n1 to© vtf<»&t«di isaad the* eits« a.j|Mn 
trltd fto tl»at tfe» di«f«n-'"»n»t «igfet hi?v« « ooi-^ris r«^ortftr 
ftt the triftl to tatke ^m^ l^e p«ice«<aiBp( sad thu« to 
hays « Mil of «x«*pt4d»« la ess* th(F:y(p »«.» %& fepp**! 
tftiara fr?;}* whf't®vex Jttdgaimt aigfet Imi entsred ©a tb« 
Mtooad triis.1. 

fhe «Tl.'^«3arp tPMs to shots' tfes^t 0a sr s.bi&iat 
April t9, 11K54, plniBtiff t^llTg-sti tJjf dT«88 la cues* 
tl»© t© tb# d«f«'nd»tt F®Ti ^t hin isl&oe of te^siai^ss So» 
?^7S6 iji?tl&m ^.-max:*, CMemgo, for tis* j;"-tAjrp«a«! of hsrTlag 

6|iSR*isy, iili& wat trnali^p^a to d© tfes^ w©i'lc ye<|\alr»d; that 
•0is«i e%y« t^®I■6&ftf'1r j»!,®liitlff ^41^4 %% t*e e8t?»Vllak'" 
■eut ^R Indic^.aR. ariRfmc iws.t irss nia^fel* %§ ©btmla ber drees 

l^j' Scsiis^.Bf. tfe«i»e\jpaa «^t calltd 0a tfe*^ ImttcT ooagpatagr 
«lx ©r eigi?t ti5s«fi ia »« «a)Semror t© otrtaln lM*r Areas, 
1^#!l» plto* ©f b'^/eiiKHiis wftt Teent#« nt !>/<?. 5XC) i'est Slst 
»tr#«t, aM«mge» ».e rl^^sitiffe »ft<3»sa€» fttl*15!t»t ihttwa 
t*«it *b«« plftlrtlff ©gllp* «t. this l«.tt$r addr«?»», the 
p&rty is ^«'Tg» 0f the offle« tol<5 pXaiatlff thst tbrr 
fe»(i &P>«^ the drcas fe«it tfc%t It fea« btea l©«t, t^nd %tmt 

<lire»«» fettt fi9t «er© tfe&a flS^eo, fieiatlff rpfwt^'S to 
ft©«wipt this &-moTaat ^^.ad byoug^t auit for the t«1u« ©f 






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fat fh** i8f#a4®B*, WlcholA* Bl^rer, tesrti- 
fled thn.% -h* »oTkfid f».r t1s« deftT3''«iiit> driving « iragan, 

37SS Xiidi!?.)Q» strtnitc to ol&t^ln tmm %h« person rismnlJ&g fim% 
<?«tm'blls?^ai«mt, wtiose ns«« «^^8 asaid tio 8W^ AadT«w» »«d not 
?9ird» mieh ^rnimta nm m^rf* vt^-ulireA t9 b« cleaned %^t tfev 
{Sffenasmt's pl&et of tiraimei* sn4 that h«? mft^rwardui r@« 
tu7a«d all &t then, Ee fertfeei- testified tfe%t fee ]l:,ept a 
rteord ©f t^;# ».r%iel«fi tbAi« r«e«lTesi aail d«llT«r«d toy rt- 
eordlBi; the itstt« Ib t l»^k« tfi**ii* Inter fead bsea destroyed 
l»ei^iii«« all ©f th«- |,«&d« r&fstr€(l, to ia tfee te©ok fe«d bwea 
pir©perl,3r reti>jpn«d. St.irlti.g the tcfftissoay of ^^it wltn««s« 
th-fe eotart aeid tfei^t h» mt'':A$r. ©aly T^ peyajlttefS to t«)itif]r 
oo-aeferatag ti§« pfsx-timjlftr dre«» la ?u«»ti9a *»a t&^t Plnet 
i^« irltii®s8 <sc«-ui4 a©t^ rsossll ths.t dT«««, fe« i?®uld sot ftOBp* 
»id«T tfe« eTld?»a©« glrea fey t^» Flta#%s. ?ine0doy« 8i«y«T, 
fTBstdemt of the def*?iS'i»at <s:>»paisy, t'--5tifl«?d ihni fe« a«ir«y 
fee0iT«fd las® dr(B»s lia qu^stlosj that %ht -i3tf«B?i®at ai4 
fettSlaeAs »it^ tfe«s tailojr ehei> »t l^^, STS6 J«dlav» mveaa*; 
^«t tfe« pTopTt€t@T*& mjk»f&S tbe-t ett^te»lisbfli«iit,im« Ajadr«ifft; 
tfeat ii«! Bi€T«» did may b«jfeim#«s *ltli tfe« d«f©ii^nt fard. 
Sfcagdnltae I8t«vsr t«*tifl«d tJiat »fe« w^bs ffiRiJloytd iqr tht 
def«Bi&iit and w*4i the e»ly i&«r««« in ofea.rg« of tfee latter* 8 
pl&m of I'ueln^'ssi Wi&t «*« %&ik in R»d |p,T« ©at all ^t» 
a«j5ts hsBdlfed by # e d(if*m1riBt| t^ifct «fee did BOt fe»ve «ay 
c©Bwr«»tloa tsith tte« plmintiff Isi irhl#» It •mm »ttted 
th»t tfet d«femd.»at bad %d«t the dr«»8 but irould |!«y fof It. 






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IlKinUff t««tlfl9d in Te'(mtt!£l th?? t the wltnees 

mi^MLen* »l«Ter v«« aot th^ p«*r»oii la d»li««,dftnt«» «fftabll«li«> 

aieat to istecai pl&l stiff ttklked ©©BowrB.iiig ber drfte*, A wit- 
ne»8 foj- t»*«- plisltitlff fclso t«8tifled tK«..t th» T»5.«e af the 

fh9> C^nlf »»gttiw»ftt Mfcd* 1^ tl»« ^ef»R4aiit 1» 1^9 
folldwlBgi "tihe Rt«=teiSi«nt of the e»«« eairrien lt« o^m 
<?-xg6taeiit with It so far r« the Questloa of liability g©«». 
m j^ylvity ©f ooBtraiot b«stir«efi r/tslatiff aad dei>ntdaata 
Ayi^«t« &|rer & €fI«aBer c^, isshoim. If » ^«n, how or for 
wltut p^j|i0»# th« Aroiid* SJ5r«y« *■ Oi«m»er» ^. r*?e*i!lif#4 tfee 
dTt-aa ^es E®t appear. It ^«s sif»f>0my wit^oxst caBtrsdietloB* 
h©w«v«r, tfeis.t %hm Arm-Ae 13y#t *. Cl«aR«r Qo, neT«»r had stay 
1afiisla«s9 i**.ftt«?Te» with tfee d«f#a-*»«t ford, fktf ^xn&^me&t 
mnnstt b« predicated ui>©a tmy th«©ry of » o©ia««l«ntlauti 
fi»dlag te3#4 -eaa tlit tvlsfsaes, it e&n oaly twi eirplsia«d 
by tbff sirbitr»ry, unrcmftsambl* iis4 errsBiMsua eonduot of 
tfc# tfliSLl Jwdgo m» it ress'ttlt ©f |3»««1.©B ©r prejtt«iie«, «• 
svliS'eaesiedt &y hl« aosduet ms shown ob ip?8.jg©« S ftRdl ® of tlie 
iifeotrs-ot, I5l» refvwfcl to ■p^rsiit ir, ftrosslaft to ffiske * 
r«oord is of itself r«v«r«lble i^rrar,* Thtrp ie no merit 
la tfe« o^it«mti'3a tiwit th«re it bo privity of eoBtr«ct 
OetiPOita plsistiff ®»d. the defeeisnt, Vatve' w«.t ovia«?tt©«» 
te»«liXLg to ^®ir thitt th* &ff9ndimt fes.4 T«oc-lT«di plalatiff** 
dr«!«s foT tb« purpooo of oli^aalag mM pr9®r>lag Itj tbat it 
vm.9 lost tM tbat lybioy agreed to pfty plmiatlff |X&,Ou for 
It, fli« fi^et ttt»t tho d(^l@a4».nt Old aot k.»o» ferd^ to 
«lsio« plaiatiff testified oho doUvorod her drooo «,t tho 






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af'jcjfrsi^i^?;! i*'^.f «.-J 






^^eas 



indli>.nsi «,v<mue s-dtlrcstt is ef »o a»as*qaenc« b«o%>i8« 

th* uadieputed evld'noc ghows that plaintiff delivered 
li«r t!y««e t® the tftlloir »h©p »t ^(u S7S6 Indlaoa* »"r«mw« 
with ishi§k th« iefeMaat did ljias8iR«>9i«, wfetthtT th« 
IndiTidUBiX at Jndl»iMi atr«im« w»m f&r^ or knAtwnt ae far 
«• thi« &pp(p«l if oonceifBied ie not r%»terial us Ford la 
amklng na oeaplalnt. Hie point wsdc that th» eourt ^ia not 
penslt cjatiasel tor tb# «l»f«sd©Ht, Mr* lf«Tain«, ts ai«k« 
» ifeeerd sM tlb»t th.4« l« tueh aa «rt0r asf to wmrrmot 
& rfreriESl. i« witli@^t ©ei-lt, fh© ^yifer of -^e wagom 
t'^»tifi«d %j» to wfemt h« aM ia th© w&y ©f eoll€fOtlag 
R®d iretiaralttg ^-rasate to t^e IbAIsts mwtrnvm sh©® sn<! 
»« to th© ie®tfeo«l of lE«epiRg th« r#^0©td of the t3ran»»o- 
tioaa in ®. '^ok. the oourt «TT®B«oi®ljr reft»ed ta «»»• 
?i€er tfeis «vld«»ee t£i^«»«@ the witft€s@ ©eeld testify «s0»" 
eexciimg the pmrtl malar dy«»a in <iu«stioB, Imt as ooaplalRt 
i« MA^e @f thet rultag la tl&« ergai^at. Tfe« «Tlde)aae ©f 
«^-tuf««j| was adi»i0«ibl« i»« t^mdlag ts show tMat t^.« ci^fta^ 
&a% fead «©t l#iiit tfe« ^meat in t?«««tloa. This »t»^U4 
«|ip«a.ir ft©® tb« «vla©oo« of th« «ltia«8« t® t>i« effect 
that all th«f ^3ni€nte fe# fe»ai o&Ilfidted fr^st the ladlajsi 
AT«mi« sfe^Tp hm^, 'beta ret«tm«d. tbe »«lgbt to te« gl»«ii 
to this mti6.«n.m *aji «fjB «atlr«lf different fitter, btJt it 
wm« o«Tttialy ^apettnt, b«t m« stated, &o arguaiftiit l» 
a«*i« 0n tbt« lE^luit. th* ©ourt r«fus@f| to ptradt counsel 
to a«®.k« » »t&tt®«st of wtmt he proposed to provo by th« 
9ritziesa« tb« driver of tfe«s vagoa s?jad tbl« wa» ontirely 
proper, th« eaurt pointed ov«t that the proper aethod 
ol ^il^f^ tbls viji to %ek. th« viteees q^^stiofia, ^«^« think, 
&e««Ter, fmss th# t'^oord, tMt al.l tfest this witnea® knev 



ixmlfitsi, 



'f.iilt »« s*«i$t>ixA V9 «rtt»^ v^trm i»i¥ai»T,4 sari*. 



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lot - $0567 



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OF mtCAm, 



Opinion filed March 10, 1926, 

m. 3mnm i>»^mhm^ (atuverwa th* apiaioa of 

Oft ii«#f:»Bb«r $, 19^4^ 3a4ip«at hf eontV«@i.®ii 
we.a tBt«x«^ la fssvey ef plaistiff ftgala«t tfee d«f«a«toi-at 

tii|» of tlir«« i.t«iiii (1) i:>$lssee ^tm on %h» &&%«, |3fJ«S8i; 
(8) lBtfT«st OR tfee note |S«4l ssa*! (3) att-'imey** t>fa 
iSB.Or-, fi5# n&%0 wa* da%«^ Augoet SS,liS4, mt,d« by the 
d«feB?i«-fit, p«!y»fel« t© tht (Mrd«3P »f tb# plaintiff, *M 
Ab* tfeT«« ss.oatht «.ft«r dl&t« fer 1388,88, Dn J^nytary 1S# 
19^5, iiefffisflwat fll#d ft p»titl»«i wh»r«l» h« tet uo thftt 
•boftly bef©re Mtgj3.at SS, ll©4, pl&iBtlff Ai^ »««• ©IftO- 
tricMil ftiid pItwbiBg woTk for th« ?4«1««:-Mat; fOT ti'histe plaia- 
tiff tmm %& tet fiild toy til© defen^smt t:?feS,Bgj tfeat &n ik\km^^ 
83« ]iS^4, ^l&il»%lff pt®mmtm4, iMft it«s!l9K«d stat#^eat to ^e 
dtf««if.&st, «li@wlng tk&t th« def«imds.iit oved pl&iAtiff foir 
«leet7l«il «^ric |to§,lt ».nd for pltwblag $4e,76, or a V^ 
tetai of PBS.88, the i$«tlti«a ftoxther «»t up tbst i» odSf* \. 



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WSA, a»<ie «isd delivered t© plaintiff th« jvdis&eiit aot« 

0OBfess«d{ tfe«it *.ft»TiP«3f«2« on K«>ir«mbeT Itt, dtfen:t*nt 
paid plftlmtlff il30,©0» o» acooujst pt lasi^fcitedne**, *na, 
^It.lntlff en tk^t dat« §9.v« hi® s^ r<!^e#ipt for tfee IISO.SO, 
!3«fea:?aat mite4^ tM Qmrt to ope« %kp th« ^ttdj^.eiit aad f©r 
Ieft7« to dffffn^, aa^ ©si tfe«5 easMi ^jr, JftaesiTjr 1^,ISS!S, «n 
or^er was «"iat«r«€t epifsiaf *te« Jadgaftnis *n<l glvlmg tht 

tfe» p-etitioa ©ta^tt'-' mp (l«ftii,<l'*at»« afflj2*vit of m«fit.a. 

On f#l>Timrf S§, l@S5, the ««u«t 0©jss« ©n, for 
fc«».Tlag l&«f©r«- tfe« ooiitt wltfeomt ® Jyopy tmd mft«r h««.r- 
Ing t^« «rvidt®ee sad afgusetnt of ©Sisasftl, t)f»« ©©art f©«nd. 
la favoY af plaintiff for I1S3.8S, ?m<l JwAgmwnt wa* «Bt«»- 
•a f#T tfel« miO%m%0 ^4. it ia t© rsT®3r»e %lil« |m^^«nt 
that $*lalBt4ff is.p|5«i8.1», 

©n tfc® tti«l %lic c!efi!aif^.at ©ff«f«d la «vl5l«ane ti»« 
Itemlied »tat.tsstnt irlilcls pls-intlff §«▼« isl« 4ugiMit SS, 10*4, 
«.&«▼€ ««atle»»d, ll« also ©ff©?©a in ^viAfin'-?* th« r«e«vpt for 
fi»©,<SO »hl!* plaintiff ^v* fei«i on soTestetx 1st, »« a&ar© 
stated, fhtrew.^n pl&intiff tf stifled tlwit iso 4ld «1.«otrl&i.l 
aa«S plwsMng' w®!^ for the Aefenclant, for whieh tli©r« imo duo 
him froii tkf- defenSstnt |33S.9@; tl»&t thio work «%« done dtirlnf 
July, 1984 and ftftorwsfdo ho oil led on dp.f^niant for F«f»«at, 
ft number of tinto, l»u.t thm% dofenrfe-at w*« unftMo to i?«y and 
fiimlly ©m Au^ot SS,l^4, plaintiff a^ln ©«a,led an tho de» 
feii«!ant ©nd d<»«®nd«di psygient of tfee |SS2#9S; that tho d«»f«n*» 
®.nt mt ttet tin* jmld bt* |S0.0© on aeco^at and tmn »nd« and 
deliT«r«4 the l^dpstent ROt«? for t§S3.,g8j t.hst thayftttjson pUln- 



«r*>^ fetf* tfv --lU qiu am^ ** *t»j^- '5«^ 






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%iff gav* thd Iteaised ®t&t.|iiHen% to t&e A«f#fnd«riit, Dho^ing 
th«« t3«lB.i»«» thm 4.\m «>f |?!SR.I?B, kn stmitd rlmlntlff tveti- 

d«liv«r»d, t« tb« diff«ns§.ao*, the lteml»«d tttat«««fat, H« 
f«Ttb«r t#«tlfl«d thftt ©» ^©Tembtr I, 1934 « tfe« <l*f«»ni»nit 
paid hi« f&C»#00 aore ifcoS at tfeRt tijB« ctlents-Bt !P«<s:tt«iit«d 
a receipt for this #SC,C€ <i» w«ll ae f©r the ,|80,00 wHidi 
hft^ b«e9 p«^ld i^uipst S3;d* mM Ifi eiowpliaaoe with tlii* 
rtc|\i«»t, plsiBtlff s»cle ©ut the receipt for ItSO.C^, ftrti 
rtcord further ^eva tfe«t plaintiff th«B fleaie^K 1^« lefeadh* 
ant «8 a witne»«j sud t^e def?-rid&nt teHlfte^S ^ftt |80«ao 
ma pfti<i Oft Aiigust Z^tA, i:^^, maa l&O.OO «a Movealtcr Int 
f©li»vln^ «bA tfeet ©R tfee letter -csatt the f>laiattff fsva 
th« teffin-fent tfee y«{Sfii]|^% f©r |i.S0»09, fbls m,» fell ^« 

py©K tte® f©y#g!&liig It "Sflll te« ««eft that t!i» only 
»ti^««!«Lntlftl outstlon la diapyte featw##?a tfe® p^ttitm waa 
wh«!tber plaintiff mi hn^emt tSrd dellv^rfd t© tba -iefj'M- 

ant tfcs it@»ieed Bt»<t«iKeBt bef®T« d«feniiant p«lS tha i8&,C:0 
or whether t^sw l$D,c=0 «%« p«.i4 tfta3?».^r<la. Plaintiff's 
t««tl'!EOiqr is t<& t^.e offset l^at the ps-ymmt* ©f th# #gC»00 
]pr«e«dad t^e delivery of tti» itemiz9A stat^sent bjr bla, 
«lill« ^e d#f#sifla9at«B p^aititm wsa that plAlatiff pre«€nt«<l 
the it«fflftl»»^ atatMsiTKt ahotniag tfe« ft-aoyat iV-it to b« |tSS.88 
a»d thea d<^f«sd.»|j.t paid fSCClie a« atatt^, Tha court adaiptad 
tht daftndaat** ▼oralan of the m&ttar sja^ JuOgsant »»« «r»tef» 
«d ao<?^rdlngly, l^ this a* thlBi the murt waa la arror 
aaA ^p^crently tbia w?,e oo^,aloa«<i tjy t>7« ftiet that on the 
trial ^e f&«t that ^fe&d»4t feni. »r^TOB plalatlff J|Ml a©ta 



**> itfw ^,031 ^4l^t not ««5 ir«»w «.* . 

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s£ '^ ,■---, 



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for ^ass«&8 waa uir«rIoalced« 

tmi& 180,00 oo A«gtt«t as* I9S4, SB4 tfeftt h« jtlse i^vt plAlntiff 
tb« aotf on th»,t dtett for P53t^^« It »««9j» ^IrTiij'as th«t If 

!«&▼• % telanee of tl7S.??8, it«f€f»'5sn,t tr^Ud siot b»ire i^Ttm 
a note f<^ tfe# |2SS,88» f-^s f&et «»,« not brmt^nt t© th« 
s-tteation ©f ^i© trial eourt at alt, aor .i« It stiattoned la 
tfe« brief filed ©ts behj^lf ©f pl^istiff, imt it »«.*■«• to 

skfter dafeaaimt l»«id paid #8©.<3© ©a ft©#otsHttfe« »till ew«d 
plaifitiff SSSS.88* ^ad thea aea«i« lals »©*« fer tfett 5^'4«>-uat 
%.M gav* It t-o th« r4«lBtlf f. -4tty 0tti«$r dedtsetlts® to ^ 
drftva frctt tbe •vld«a€;e Im 9«r 0|>ialoxt trstM b« entirely 
-unvar ranted. It fell0««« t.hor«foT«9 V&mt %itm eourt e& 
P<#raary SStfe i?b»B tJne <^«« waa htard «bftvatd hW9^ confirmed 
t^# J%jd^$Bt for |t4S,29, fbiolt «».§ tis« iim<m&at for wl)i<^ i^« 
j«dpi«ttt had b«^«a 03af(i««r«d, 

ffei" Jud|@@«at &f tir.« MMttloipal -lourt of C^losiso i« 
rtv«t»«d fe»d Jwdfrntnt will b« «nter«d in tliie eourt in f^iwr 
«f pIslRtiff feiid aicfi-iBst •fe« d*f^4aat fer |f43,S9, 

iftaai^Kt Brvt,f!®fg Ase mmmnf mttMQ is this so0!?t. 



«.^» 






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Of 0nohm» 



Opinion filed Maroh 10, 1936 



lis. .rustlS' OHXSnm delivered th« opinion of 
the ew.Tt, 

%y tbl8 appeal tb« d©f«iid'int 8t€-ke to m'^Bt99 
ess ordeT of ihm |fual#ip&l tkiKi"* of Ofelosvgo ©verfuling 
llHl motion to Taest* tn® Jadgseet th«n?tofor« «iste-?'s4 
)^ptln»t tfe« dofendsBt, 

the r«e<>T4 dlaeleses that oa Rovember 30, 13S3, 
plai&tiff br<3tt|^t. suit la the lualel^l aov^rt of Ohies.g© 
fej^iast tti« d^feu'lsmt te ysoover daaages olsiwed to h«j.T« 
^€'11 oe(^9lcn«d by tb? negligent 0p«Tatlo« af mm auto^obll* 
beloa0.Bg to th* defpodsmt, wfelcfe ©0lll4«d with 9r« of 
plAitttiff»® &vtos80bil«i8 ds«8Lging it. P^it w»» breru^i^t to 
eafore# ptft&»nt af the its?®«.jat pltsiRtlff im» re«iulr«d to 
expend in repftifiag tiae ds«ft|^s a&d f«r lost of th« uao 
of the autossobile. $uaKnon£ « s Iss^j^d on tbft SOth ef 
INJTesber, r#tu3M^bl« ».t ft SO A.n. sharp on tbe lltli of 
0«ofi«b«y« 1905, It «a8 o^rred on tbe d€fen>i&&t {^cembor 
1, 19^3, tit 3:3S o*el€>ek in tfee sft«re^on of ooo^ibey 



*•!? 






i?*! 






•4h» 

11^» Alfcadsat filed lt« a|i>|4««r*ii«ii, <t d«B*»d for » jury 
trial «nd sb ftfflitevit of ssf rlti! w!»f>ir«m the 'ififeBfiawls ««t 
lap fis-Gts ttnding t© «h®w ». d«f®»«« to plAlntitf •« aG-|;l£>a. 

Tht reooTd «fe©*<B tfe&t &n jB«o®«b«i» 11, 19??S, aa oM«r was 
tsterad d*sfe«ltiftg tbft di€feii«itnt f©3? **.Bt of &p-p«i«tTan«.f, 
iot^lag furt&er «-up«*r« to fefcve ^m, ^®ae tsatil Dtc^afoejr 

re9€»rd disolostts tliat th« «»iafli« tmn^ qt& tot hemting in the 
rei^l&r cKmT«« feufSTft the «o\i.ft ritbotit a ^tury, tfce j|#fe»d» 

ant being «kb»ent, fh^re tmm * fiadlng tSji^t tfee Sefem^iaiit 
vas gtiilty t.s #»«T^d ia tl« ttat^sient of el%iai bsA thtt 
€mm,i^M »«'ir«' js.»s«»»«d at 1^4,©©, ,lw4gateat imm ealsared era 
tl5® findijag, ffeii bill ©f «it®«|?ti'3a8, »h®W8 ttet ««isfemd(» 
aat fll«d It i>etiti«B ©n February tS, 1^86, prssyiag tfest tfe» 
Jtt^f stent s,b4 default to« v®c3*t«d mk>i It b« ^y®lt%t4 t® de- 
fend tbe ot8# #a lt« ^«Tlt«, ft*© plftintlff A«morp«4 to tht • 
petition «®d the fsrsyer of ^e p«titi«m wis dialed s.©d th« 

Thft s-aestioB ^'hetfes^r t^'^ s.cti'^a of tae ©otift H'&s 
«»r@»ecj*ai j»i»t te« d«teiaa3-ae4 fyc^is thti fu&9 of the jst-tltioiu 
fli« petit 10B «©t is|jt ttsst tht deffva^jtat l3«t.^ b#«» d«f»ij,lt<?d on 
lieo«*1a«i> II » 19SS$« th« rtmrst d&f of t^^c su^aoias la th« eB«ts«i 
tijstt «©» tte^jR tirtive asaths tfcereaftcif, ▼!«• Bec«3iM-ir 51, 
19^4, 3u<i:^e®t 15S« eiat«y€d in fav^r s>f th« plftxiitiff s%fid 
felpiiaat del'tadaRt foir |^4,0©} thn% tfe« defffB'iwBt did not 
learB ©f tb« d«lfeul% ot ,;}ud^e&t tmtll le&xuaTy 3, 1935, 
i^b«B i^ ^»a«iKd f<Mr {MfejraHmt wau n?^ ^adtr ^i3 «xeeratloa« Tb« 
petition further eet up %M.t %h» tUsfeR^aut filed Ite n.p?^&r<» 



X^Mi « t^f tm: 






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ftBo« ftnd « demand for ^. Jury trl%l oa the Teturn day of %h« 
mmm&WBi, vlx. i;«e«eb«]r II, 19SII, end «».« ltd to beli«^, 

uader %lm prsotlo* of ttee siimietpa^l tJourt, tha% tfe«? g«»o 
i»o«X4 te« m^ 0« %fe« B«K% iuTf csal«n<Mr, lie tb« »OTd; "jury* 
ims «te,»p«4 on the «rr*pper «>®ntfilRlitg ths file* of tb« 
OiLt2a«{ that & T^preeentetiiw of omias«il for tb« O^fen'fswt 
isvestl^tod th«! fil*8 la til* oflio« of th« elfrk of the 
U\mi,eA^^ Oo'^rt to it»€i#rtst.ltt ^hm. tfet o®»« would coae ■s^p 
for trlisl, «ia^ '»*|soa »««liig tli»-t «, Jury trl&l ks4 b««a 
d««amAe^ &aa th« word * j«3fy* «%?»afed a® tht %rispp«y of tfeo 
filoo, fe« pTO0Kri?d » priKtftd ealendair of tte« SuBiolpal 
@0UTt» s^.i«b c©»tained ii ll«t of all tfe« oaae« that if«3*o 
t« he tTlffd fey « Jisiiy; tfe»t ^i« ««8 <loa« feofore tfe© judg- 
ttOBt iriMS imt^ri^d Boof^atber 51, liM; tVm% upOB «xs.^li^tiOtt 
of 1^5© |>Tiiiit«4 o«l«ndsf, the o«use did .not *kpp«*T l» ^« 
©al«adiMr i?hl<^ wsi.8 mibli»ljed in febni*iry, 19S4, s»4 it ■m&a 
nsmmnti tfe^at «tae« tli« ©«sti»« did a©t leppe&y i» tfeat c^lenda^* 
it i»cmXd go over tmtil tl»© n«3n pyiat#d Jwry 06Rl*adaf, ^.ad 
tfeis/% »© etfeey efel«Bd».5P lt»^. be«a pwlated «ins«? fobfraary, 
19141 tfeast r*lyiag on tfeese fsoto th« ajpfe-aciftRt dl3 r^ot li^xa 
erf the defmilt ot j\idgffi«a1; «attl aore than thirty d^||» 
aftosr Mc^aibeip SX, 1^4, thedsto on whiofe the ^dgstoat 
«*JB «nt^y«d. Tho petltloBi farther 8»t up th*!-t tte« d#f%adaat 
uoed all diligcuoe r^osiStbl* to »ae«Tt?titt the mtti of tteo 
tvialf tfe».t t&«T» waa «©■ Ttf^'-jrim*^ to th«! fmsio •-^-tthfir in -tbo 
Jttty ^Iwsdar or t?*«t«wal elu«l i^mrt lullotim ^n-i, tfe#ri?for«, 
deftudsmt thou.g^t the <ma« intml^^ i^t b« eallod uatil ft 
m&n^ lator d»t«; th&t &o aotioe ima evtr sorvtd oq It or its 
ooiiBseX &s to the taking of the d«fa\at or J|ud{paoitt &ad tkat 









ffiv' ''' .' ' .1':! X ^i€v-5gt**«s -Vv; »;!, i«r*iS 



It i» imfOTtvi^t* thet tble Qa«e «m« not tri«d 
wr»on lie aierlts, to varment thr oow»t in rae^tlBg » Judg- 
««?it wh«>r« tl*t ®»9tJ®a Is itad# «ot« tlmu thirty i^ys *ft»r 

4illg«B€»e <&ii4 & meTltorio«i« <3#f«miee. In t]s« in»ts-st oft«« 
the p«tt4ti«a ffeils to 8f:'.«m dillig^me©. On t/n*- eestrs-ry, »« 
tbiidt It Bfe.Qva tbs.t tb« ^ftfenSKUBt *«« B»glif.®nt, Tbe ©iaB,:ftOB« 
««r»'ed &n it *»-» r«t»raed »t t;ao A,M, on the lltb of iwo- 
«ffl^'y, I'^S* bist ^0 mtmif^^%% did a«t s'lle Itii *-r.p«®.i«,n«r 
uatil Sj38 l-,i, ©» tfe&t (S&t«, Ua<leT the Im* it lto«ir t^»-t 
th» «Re« »<mld be smiled «t fiSe ©t sr» 8€M>a theT««.f tcr &« 
%h0 butlR^ss of ti« &BHktt *?o«l«l iP&rtunt, aad it *?»« fui>» 
ther dbiRrgftd with n@tio« %bm% ^ider ^fe« l&ir. It wo^jld b« 
d«f£nlte4 iB ^ane it did sidt %pp#»r vhen t6« c»fte tms «mlled 
0T !»©.▼« an affidmfit ©n fll», niiBg ^e S':.';«*r*«aw at S:38 
ia tlse «ft««iooa eerts-lely sSd«« not t^iow dilig«»(;«. goreorsT* 
wli«ii «o-t«BR?5l for the def«nd»nt eTta«i«i>a the jury OTt.leBd*r of 
r«t(ruAry, liS4, amd fsroad t*sat tfe« ease »«uii sot oa that «^1#»- 
€a7^ this s:ro«ld lii.Y« pijt o&uaetl ob n4»tie# tl&At «'2is«!thiag 
ir«« sTToag, If fe« 'feaA tlb#s #ir.?s.«ln«<3 tfe* reeords it wotild b&fo 
disoloe*^ tbiit tte« d«t(pa^K«t feail feeea default** on. t^Je lltfe 
of c»««s^j«r» sjftil. feis tfc<^ oduld feav« ha4 th« d« fault ra5&t«<l, 
%««%uo« tbe 4wd^«at «m« not tntfr^fi for ^msiy aeatlia lafto** 



?be d«l-©)Efe:»jBt hAYiag fft.lle?^ ta sho-^ tliat it *s» ia 
the txereiss of diligf>ae»v th« order of tko Muaieip»l Ooixrt 

appft&led fy©aa siat be mlfiraod* AFTlp?«i:S» 









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%m~m to 

I.A. 60f 

X^"" Opinion filed Baroh 10, 1926, 

m, Mfmim Q^mmm 4®l.lvered t^e ox^lBl©s of 
tfee <30urt» 

Jhiatntif * ferau^t $m aotim «f s«sw»j»»lt «i»im»t 

dmee fay mousf loa.a#d, smi f#r Jssmrd «&d l©4gla|f af A«f«(mfeat 
aa4 bis fs^ffilljr, fhe a»»« i^« tyl<»i teftfor© a Jwdg« B-uia «. 
^ury SUB'S tfeert ws's &, 'wyiil'st ren4**r«^ 4b plmtntlffs* fjs,v©f 
f©3e IB^a^e.^fi, r«»Ri this plasritlffs wwittM ta7i,7S» »« 
an t© brittg the asotaat within th« £§_ ^«nwja, j^dgs^e-at «r»8 
tista ©Btered 1» i^lmi stiff «• fR-vor f-i»? f3»C)00,C>S an-;? the 

d«ftBf!»«t Hfpp^^in, 

fb<? reeord aiis«l©««s that plftiotiffe iwre husfe^ad 

»ilia wlff ai>a the ig.«ffii..:siit th«lr »on-ia«lAW w'tJ® ssatrTltdi 

Itifistg *t timt tis»6j that after* rd« they all aoved to 
Wiseonein y?h%m plaintiffs 1»ought a tmsuXl fuxm as did al»© th» 
4«sf®saant. latter oa tli« <lefendsiat moved to Detroit and 
th« f®ra« aet prorlng miecesefttl, all of the p»irtl«8 aoved to 

(efei©».gO(, Pi ai stiff* ®ff?»red. OTiassc^ tfendlnf; ""i® ®'"'^w ^^** 
»ft«3e tha 4,^f^-ww,n% joaCTied th«i3f 4a«ght«r t-hey fr,3a« tlvE« 






.i!i«Nf«8^ lt<«: igmi^ «6«,'.»t^ 



/.ykjfs^ 



t0 tlate Io.%i»»d bin v-«i.7lc»u« i\m» of aoa«7 for tlm |mTiJ<!>ft9 of 

»«slstla^ him in 'p^fing f(»r tfe« f«^« In, y»l»oc»««la «ni9 
stacking It few<i fosr 0th«r purpoKius »«^ t.ii*».t tht^y tooAirded 
tte» d,«f«»*mait# ilia *?if« «ua<3, %lir«© ehilflren for ^lish th«!y 

hifed n©t t>e«i p^id %u full, n»-intiff» *!««• i»ff«.Tetl evldftaoff 
twacilag to ^.0* thw.% tn j^ly, 1@S0, they l«3tf^B«di tb* fi«*f*tB<i- 
aa% |16S0,cXj ^i.%h «»5^l«li t«< ©my «. a®ir*:g%gif ifbicjfe ««.» oa 
a* fen '■!*»*» 8 botJ»# lii #%l0&.|g», 

any {8<mty at any ilaej dsftiiiftd tbst tfe^^y }iM adm»«tiJ the 
fX8So,t)0 wlt'n which lio my ©fif th<& sioy%pk.g« Of,> bl« if;..:m»e *-r«2 
d«Rl«^ tl»t ^#f€m«l&r*t &mm^ ^nf%hin,&^ I'w jdftijitlff fox th« 
bd^isj'A of hlffi»©lf mnd fms^lft ^^^ «^* *^® €t0RtrRry# tfeat d:«!» 
f«a^feBt h*4 pmld for th« basir^ la f«l.X» ^kndtJmt he difj 
aet oiw i!i« «ifff«m:i&at feiiyiunittf, ffe« jurf w^twtmd * ▼«»• 
diet, t..ft«T b«ari.ng tfee ©^dftas*, Ib pli&iatlff»» f*v©y ®jid 
a^iajil; the A*?fpnt^Biit f^t |S;StS,7S saad itft«T k i^msittltuar 
by ■^i^istif f» ■, judgptat in».» «Kt#ye4 ©» tb« iwydlet tor 

sad %tH# lRStTU0tieift JflKf\lflHl4. 

fro« »bi<^ %h« Juyy cKiuld r«ft»©aably flad that vtaintlfft 

ffcgs aii d«f«m1®.nt*8 p-y&p«S'ly« 4a<l la s»:pr«Tt t>f t1tl«, it is 
ifi.ld %feal li^ii* tl?'«r« wae eone ©vieejjc^ offeired fey pljiiatlffa 
te3&di«g to «b®ir tfe&t |5T«, S«Jft aad b«T <S.%«gbtex th« <il4*fsfid» 
%»t*t wife, ift* tern ptv® @o«te money t# fm&M £* ?*&JiQ«l!:» 



.'<•(- ti i ^'i V--.V y'!\f}_i;:'^ 



■f'^ (*!''f'.rT'^^f ^^r*' 



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whirjh plala%lff» oontead. m%m in jmyaent ©f tit« «orti^^ge» 

&Ry ftviaena* t® »fc.oir wha* ssw^^leeJk dl€ «ltl! the m&mf or 
for whsst pntpcne fee y«*w.lv«<t It; tl-iait I* 4%4 mot »p:p©rt 
tlaat toJlCMik «ms th© |j©ld«r of tfe« mortage, we t>»lal6 
this ei>«^.teiiti'S» isi not »«i!it*lae!^ by the n^^QOfX^ ?^©ir«©v«y. 
It «pt>««.r« ti4».t i?fe#a plmiiati.ff» ao«ght to pirove soaie of 
tJ^esrft f&etn, 4«^a5RBtt objeote^l ij»d tbf otejeotlon wns 
efrenewtitly s!itt»ts!.lsta, 'la tkt«« 0ly«ms38t&ft0es, th9 'Jlsfea^K 
«-at li«ivia£ Induced *%« <>»tert t©- «ywra«©tssly fs:elti4t isvirfiipnoe, 
it ossiBOt n©*' claiB tte&t tfe.«rti» a® r»id#«®« &n tht»« 

813 ni, IM, l^Tj ^ir.iQitt<?j(i V. f^ttf^ -^00 m, App, 1§1,XSS. 

.ittt w« sfey« ftla© ©f t^ ©platM'iii tk.fet tfe« «Ti(a«^ao« i« s^ffl- 
ol«at« 

Ml of t*^ |>s.?t4®i> w^:fm ©f feT«l@B Batioa41lty 
%»d is«««fid te b%v« uM^^mtao^ aM spokefi Qwt lao^-uagt with 
dlffieulty»' Ttml ^ttjate t«f5tifle<S thmt prier t© J«ly» If^o, 
tH» 4«fefl<t»Bt ©a & nm&hmr ©f oet^«io-B» r«^u©©te«l hi* %& loan 
tie ^^f«smMn% iB«mey t^ltfe »>^lcb ts pn.f & ®«»ytg%ge of f^^CKTv-.o© 
oa ^.fett^ftBt* *»€fi*B« in cihi«»8g;'©j th^t at flsst ■plftintiff t«» 
fm^ed t« lOfts the isoaey, feet i» th# la;tt«r f-art of June, 
ItSS, 0Qfsg#3Bted am^ th&t te« loaaed Mi's ll8i<?»O0 »t thftt tiaic, 
glvlag thtdefmfis-ot ®n# d^ffsic for fl5S8«S? ob th# ^erio%a 
tt«i.te Bs^ak ami |it4*S? in <»,iife} thst a.t tisift tiUie flsejatlf f» 
liT®*! &t §©♦ 1880 ios«Bl» ®tT««t »ad th» ««fm-taat *i«l ':i« 
fmaily et l©-, iSl Her»lt«ge ftveK««, 0hl«**j:rej that ao»«ti?«« 
»ft«iy pli&latiff l«&a©il tfee d«fe&d*Rt th« llftSO.CfO, >»« ?«- 
^«®t«d t^# d^f»B4sattt %& pmy tfee 9««)^ aaa th*t defealsat da 



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3 .^ K4\i» •i-r'tif.;li 



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■vii 



-4- 

•fto!t oeom«ld& pr&is.i»«i4 to <30 «o« but th^t ><e did not thou 
li*T« -ttec «Qa#y^ teat would feaT* It wist a b* saadf tbe •»!« of 

hi a bou««$ tbat aa 'i^rt of tlstis was ever p».id by dsfendAat* 
The rltnete further testtfiM that he got thn |15CX)tO0 
vhieb h« lo&aM the defenfmBt, wtss-n plalatiff traded hi* 
property la :«>ii«ii«a©ta for tfet ?il8eoB8lB fnxm; tfeat tlsl» 
i»« th« 1X500. OCi hie gave tht defendaat. On ero«ai»«xs,?riin«tiaa, 
the tritTi««8 testified tfeitt bft did m% go to tli« bstn|£ j?«r» 
Boas.llf ta ^it^dbfmw th# #ISS0,00» ■bv:t tfa«t ble wif«, Mrs. 
3ui^ <^i^.drew t^« a^B«|r; t^t hB mme hen*' at aooa on 
3\iLf 2, 19g0, soa ©Bdoraed tb« ©h««'^ for flStS.ST, 3b4 th&t 
feis wlfif s.adMrg, Qt?r^. to^k tl5« »oii«ir with whleli to p^f for 
th# «ortgmg«. 

rf«-al t. Ks.jie#k, exiled l^r plaintiff®, t??«tifiea 
tliRt Ji« iB&f! es§e.g«d In the reft,l tatftte feuslaess? for ^fe-otit 
twenty ye&re In 0feie#.^;©j tbst ls« lm«w plmlatiffs aari t&« 
Awtendsnt aaA Ms -^fc. He «%» tat^R anfeed this giaestioaj 
*%• So ya*M Isa©^ t*ythlBc &b®«-4t a »ort|^g« ©a -^^ feou»« ©f 
My. 8«r&. 4. I 4». (Serauei for defend^at): I ©l94<?0t t© 
^at. Ife« Courts ete6tai»«4,. %• Pid Mr». Bapk ®jsd *^ra. 
@^a «*r«r oome to your plaes ©f fevialata® nnA leaf* aose 
«oa«y «4tfe fmip ^« defea-s-at obj«eted aad w&a 8^ist&ia«d. 
4ft«nmri« tbe <s®\irt ^er»ltt#d the witness t® aaswer the 
QHftstioa sad tat sitfiffsa aas-^«r«4l t>>at ¥.r». SujslIc mad fera. 
Sara did leawt «#»e rjoaey rlt!? tbc idtae^s ssaa !>.i^ wft» thta 
&«k«d bow m®«^ they X«ft with hiis. thi» w&9 object*^ to 
toy th# atfcrw^sat «.'n<-^ ti-jecsbjeotisn msts/iaed. 0©ua8«l for 
plltiatlff* then «tis*«d ^Mi% Ms aontentioa wt.s that h« fead 
E right t© eh©w "that Urs. Oura <K.ae thf'-re with Mrs. ftttjsk 



.«!:«»;'''' ftff ^ih »*^ ;+'*f# f^ ^<** «% ## ,^*«. 



!lj^««* tll*r 



i.^S. • »«»«i««t£'- 



fiiv.? a''90i» 









>'s.«wt«jriv^ 



aad left the tftonef with thi» mim to p«i.y off %hft aottj^rngt 
oa Ifr. Oix?»*« lwws«« aa<i t?m* Mrs, G?>w^ %ailkr«d rltn thi« 
gentlemam In ji*f^«urd to th©«e isa.tt«T«.» i»{S tu* eourt 
•aid *tl5.« d©©ip i« iB tht s««« ffl»ua«r elos<id t® yrsw *«5 it is 
to thl« rt»fen<«,E.at»* fbes« r'ttllag^ m^t^ *rsBg, Pl^iiftttff» 
w«s« @a<ieftYeTliig te ithoir that th«jy dr€ir $186©* 00 out ©f 
tli0 fewuijt: ^B(J tbjit M-r®. 8uJ^, one ®f th#p|».i»*lf f« ©ad tb« 
d«f todnnt's «if« toak it to the real estate aam, K«Jio«k, 
to pay off tfef! ss©rtge-,^,. 't^im feTl-4€m©e w^^.a el«&rly oo»- 
p«t«at, Pisifttiffs further #©!i«av©r»ft ta »hor tfett de« 
f#aiiaiit* urife t»,ik««i wifss tis« »4t»#s.» ^j^-Jioelt »l»0ut obteia- 
lag & iCMia iri-teh ^'^Uete t® p&y t>i« seUfti^i^ oa thtr ««f pn^1-• 
»»t»» |rr®p«rtjr, sad ti-.l* 9R&» abjeete^l to &tt4, tr^e ote^eetlaa 
s-astalatd« T|»« ^.tiaes® wa« tfe»«t a,ek€<ds ^Qi4 s'is, Bwjak 
&ftffr»s.T<l» 1®»T« amy si0s*y «li^ yo-i t© p»y ®ff tisln lo*at* 
Obj«^otl§n to t^is ■»,•■-« ©ustfelaM, the witness* Ss^j^oel;;* 
«»£ tMe»3t &«k#St *BiiL yott teve th« €K»ll«etle>B of th« losn 
w*?l0b w&B »5rs:iii8t ^-» GKirft»» $sT©f«rty?* AM up&% obj«0» 
tlea fey d«f«?&ffl?at tli« wltauis *-^.s n©t p«rslttea t© ffl»»*«i', 
thta »ra© ©le&rXf o^sipBtsmt. Me ws* thta aak^'Aj *Did 
ysii ^y ©ff tbe Isavi ob iM© 0%ixm pr<^^>*?yty, th« .'a©rt|i?&gt 
©a tis« w%*»fe pt^ptTtfV fhi« «f»« ofejectt^ t© srsi the 
©l»J«eti«!A si^etaia»«>. Hi ©f tfeee© ©bjfetiisn ah?niia hair© 
tsMWPa ©vtrrwl«d sa<3 t>-c d«f««a«i«at he^vlng l»ro«#t s-'oaut thet© 
©rifoatotas rtiliagB, ^a»ot no^ csanteod tb*t ©vldeoo© oa tl^««© 
fioiat© y«rT# sot faitly brou^iJt out, Tbis ^Itnes© further 
t«©tifl©d that »ftey the di^fsadsat's wife died, he at the 
y#t|ae»t af plfeiatiffs, ■»«»* to »«e tae <3©f«B(taBt tu en<!*ftv©» 
t© aeimre i^ymtat ©f tbe loaii i4.ti^ vblsb the leortgsge h&d 



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-6- 

he^n p».ldU He t^etlfifid thmt h« «ii.w the deferif*a.nt *n«? R«ke<1 

teisj for the asoaeyf 1*.%t tfe«! 5l«f€«<:*.«»t »ald fee ew«d fhf a^n«y, 
but, «*ul4 »0t tor &ult i® pe.ji \iatll feU' ii«ld fiis bo«.»«j that 
the »mo\mt t»e&tl&&#<l &t tb»t ti^e «a« ]M.ii«t««a hiaMTed mA 
soawj dolltiTf, if^'Tiiffh the d#f«iul*ttt ii^#ed to p«,jr a» eoo'fi «» 

Jossepti gfjUa also te»tlfi«'1- th».t %t tb« plaintiff*' 
rtsuest he e*;lX«d ««. t^>« ^tf'-»m».t la OetoteeT, 19^0, sftey th« 
deitti> of t^i» l^-ttftr's «-lfe, to <i®lleet tls© *f?».e7 or to obtain 
ft »®rt^l?« ©ffi d«ff#si',i!!tattjg hmist#| tMt tli« ^^^f^n'Ssmt y«fu«eA 
t© ^^y® &aart^«-^, i*-«t statta th«'t, h# 0«?«d %hts plalatiff* 
th« «oBey, 

I'Xalattff, ll^pl&i* Su3«k# testified, ttorou^* an iotex* 
l»T«tey tJ^mt o«J thd «««0a(!i ®f July, l®S-§, »fe# wemt to tfj® bauk 
aad dxfiv 8«t «o«e s©asj saad tbat ©h.# aad Mrs. a-ar» teo's the 
«©o«y t© ^jl©^ »t M» piAoe @f 4!%i«lBe«« si.ad liKadfd it t© 
liia!* 01© ««« th«K aak'€4: *Whft?« ^4i you get t^'^ls saoKsy 
tlMfct jmi %0^k to Mr. K»Jlo#it»!i ©f-'i«>«l* tbi© '««« obj«*!crt»A 
t© m^ lUi© ©b^eetioB «frir©Bea«aly raataintH. th.e irltae»9 
fttst^?** t#»tifi«4L tJi«t tk« d^ff'adftfit ^ad » few ^y© |<rlor to 
>Ji5ly ftsk«a h*T t© leaa bi« th« ast&ney Bitk iriiieh tiS* w^ ^tf 
tbe ^oyt^gij tfetkt tMe *&» a f«w dayi to»f©r* tMe -^ort^j^ 
w«s p&ld ©ff . Upoa ©b^f^ctlcTB t}j« (SJurt Btrucf out thi« 
majurejr, "^a aus^^^y va© el«arly pronar* ite* f«rttiF» t«'9tl- 
fl«d tfeat aftfttwar^H she re«iueat»d <!«f«-nd'?nt to pmy bi(t©k 
til© n^®^ «^lolh lk« «.g^(>«4 t@ i© «« ii©3a Bt h« sold hlB ^:OUIS«« 
^e i^a© t}t«n ftskedj *%dw mxA »oaey did you leev© %t 
tsjlsfik's 0fflo« the d»y f^u west ©ver tfofrel* Tbl« *a© 






nii^. si»»&mi 












-^" 



■ «^ 



•'4« 



-7- 

ob^eoted to s.ad t>if obj^etlon erroxi«ou9l.]r au9t!&lntd. BhB 

w®.,8 t>wft i»ok«di *Di<l y€m leav« all th« JHQXxvf ^hlch you 
gat froa tte« testak at Z«!jl«elr*« offlcuf* The objection 
W&8 Ilkewls« iru8t%ln«>l. 

Fl&intiffa alsEO intr^duotd In evld^uee ^e «j«Jiler»« 

ol5.©0k &n tfa« Aatris-r^.m istai* Bfenk, dat©<l July 3, payable to 
plaintiff a* order for tlSS5.S9, wlnleh bore plSi-lBtlff«» 
«iadoraemc*jatfi. hn-'l tttel* in ©tli^r evldene® In the reaordi 
tfest plaintiff* drim this .^^^a.mat otit of tb« b».Rk on th* 
4ate of th© ©bedk whlotj »aa ©IT. t*iey had In th»t ss^eesiintj 
thst they alsici had. «ji©thfiy feeas^nt la th® »&»« b&rOt a»d oa 
tbt «iftsi«? day ^«w out s£>»Bthlag &rt7 tSB4»0C> la efe©^, 

Fr«m t^r f©T'®gsiiig 1% m^^prntrm thmt «03sttl«® pTlor t« 
Jidf, 1»^©, t>v« tof^a^iaat jrncE\j«®t«a l>lal»tlff to Tomn hla 
mos«y witfe w'hj.i^ t© p®y #ff a ®«»rtgii^e Oiis bit ■.aust; t?»8t 
on July S, 1930, plaintiffs ntlsdrew f!»« th« bask #18SC.OO 
mad tbat one of "9i« plaintiff fl *«?8t t© tte€ rsal tgittitf r.an# 
S»Jie«k# 1!*.* liad the aartgajp for <®Ilsotion «tBii l«ft him the 
».9»«y foT t&»t p^ifipoiii* . «fetl« tfe© «Tl-^«?Re« la th^^ recoxia 
Is BOt m» full as It thsxiJd \i»0 t^le ftandltlsa wjab bTOu^s^t 
ft.bout by tbe #rT&n«cjW« ©b^«©tione ma?J« oy t*** Aef^adsnt. 
llor«OTei'» th® fvldejsee l«! elw%.r th&5^ both plsiBttffs, t»jlc«tk 
sincl Eolla In t'.f fsll of If^S ©Riled ©n the defen-iRot at 
tkif.'e.r^nt ti.®e<=( s.at- a*as&,j«lft'.t tb« ^yianest of t^e ao&ey vhloh 
|r%»lB.tiffff fe&4 l©&B#d tfe« 4*;f*nd9J5t with whl^ t© p*y ©ft" 
th% »arf:.^g« «»-d tbatt ttee #©feii^aat 9gr«ed to do »o a.« ©ooo s» 
lb« «©ld fils 'jmasft, Yh® ^»f«ia*«tt testified th»t tb«r« i»«« 
i& p^Oi^«§0 la&rtg&gp 0» $;l0 hou6«^ tout thftt !i« |H»lit If off 



t9l^«o (iifffsr ».m»Ssit9$i nJi 



mi «£** «^f*^ #».;■■• 



^«*» 



■^AS 



;'o» 



-8- 

hlaastlf with his emji »on«3r; that b« had 11,000,00 In hl» 
h©ti«« and unotb^-r tl,CKJ'-:>ao be IjS-d loaiaod to iinthoBy I'uoia; 

tfeat i;uoi» r«p».1U(l tti« ^1, 000,00 aad that d^f^adaa* i-^,f 
th« 13,006.00 ta bia -wit* and 8fb« psaid off th« itiOrtgng*. 
K«L«lSi %#s!tlfl«»--v for t^«^ dfsftsdftttt tli^t. ht h«.d bery»»»d 
ll^oo-a^OO from %fe# si«f'*-B<s«iiit ».%>m% six ao&tlit beCar* Ju^y, 
1920} that tea yepai<l tt'ie «te®ut July li, 18E0 Ie Iwq psiy- 
«eiit»# both t)«i-ftg paid by eh^c^, one |90f:<,OC' saaa. aee for 
#100«aO. 8eitis«s» && th* eaii©«Xlifed ebecsk* i!f«i-® iatroduo**^ 
is »via^fefj<fe# aad«f tM; ©li?eaii®t&a«e« ^,s 4lsel©f'«<l by ^e 
regard, ths sd-arte w«i..« rigfet ia l#arlag tfee ^li^stl^aft to 
the j^ury^ ead upoa a o&reful c-.3Rsid&e».tioa ®f «.I1 th« 
tfvideaefe ia th«. reoofd, we tnV^ elRS-ylj- of tb«^ opinloA that 
the fiiidiag o^ ta* ^ury ia plsiatifffe* ffeT€«t, «as,aot fe« 
•ftid t© l« «#kiii8t the a5&aii®«t wcl^t of th« ^ridenoe. 
In tlt©e« oir©iifii©t4*ac€©, we ax© aot at liberty to disturb 
tte« veraiet «-ud Judgseat. 

Tli« <i€tf«af?sfit fmrth^r soatead® t^t tfeere tfeould 
bftV* b««A a air^at«4 verdilot on »ooouat of tb* nisjoliaciftv 
ef |>s.Ttl«8 pl&ltttlff«j tfeat the ^vld«ftQ# «h€ws that the. 
money, if aiiy irs* l^watd, ijtlaaged to |l:i« rl&latiff, Faul 
Su^&iCy sjitl aot te hia and ;4a i?if«, oesaues tbe erlArno* 
«.b«m«} tJfiftt J^i^iisl Sw^ak f^rnftd all "©ve iter,a«y, Th®r® lo bo 
wsTit la this csautenti^a, Th« -Boaey ia tbe baalc: wna tli« 
|@iRt ®0€©uat ©f rlmiRtlffs, fisreoTcr, If alt the aioney 
b»d b««a esiTaed by Fsstiil B\ij«li a« a 3fesi»lt of bit 1.»bor, 
fel« wlfo »*» taJciag <miM» ©f the bono aM th*--T4f i« n© re».»on 
iliy t^n^jl galftlE oould not gltre jfjis wife an int?^rft8t ia tljo- 
sRoney, ffee defsii«test &lae ooatead* that t^« oouyt •rrtd 



iB glvlag the iBstrttctiaa offered by t^i«.-latiff . That 

l»»trucftioii told, the jwary tfes.t If they fotmd from » pre- 

l?©-wl»ima« ©f th© erid:fl»aee- tMt plaijitlff* had l©«(a**d. the 
slefsBa^.tit thP 8«vc'»l 9iaift ©f mon«y "a® tr-stlfled to by 
plaintiffs* itad tfe«t tfeft ^sim Si*d isst ^«n rep&lA, thim 
plaiatlfft wftye ♦■^ntitliid t«t r«©OT«y, Tli« eo«pl*4nt aa^e 
'fe© ttiia iattriietioR 1*? tMt it tol^l *)■■;»■ Jury wliat |;»l.®ln» 
tiffs hsd. t«»tlfl«4 t® «aad, t&«i.t it g»T« tmSuc^ pisomlfjipnoe 
ta thtir fc«stl»0af. we t^ink tte-ft iiiatjfu«tt&n in a® *»y 
PTf'JadicM tfe« d«S'ff'»^.Rt, i»liil# It jsi#t H^-re b^ea bttte* 
not t® feavs -ufiftil th« w©y^s ^ia®t©€, yet th«i»««»it w^re 
«i@plft sB^ tfe<& Juyy w re l» no wiy misled, it Is furt^'rr 
©onteifcSe^ tVisit thf- jHd^;®tRt is «5r®»talve, fep^mreatly oa 
th® gftmadi that tl\# i»vt<i«n®ft s'^-^ai^fi that th» ^«f«n*ftiit 
b8i.-4 pfilit la ffcll f^T tfee bsard of fe.l»««lf &Bj| family, 
■»« tfeimk tfeie «itt«sti0n »«« a tjm^cttefl for tto® ^wry* More* 
over, if tl«!t*s ime aay t.Tr&r in trd» regjE-rdt plairitlffo 
fesiitted tfee |t7i»7B faasS tbigr oaly olxim^e, 1140.00 for 
t»o»yd, We imve ©oft»id.er«d the otfe^r €^nteati<m» m%<:M, 
tHit ute of the opiaioa thmt tliey ftre not iud^ me «»e»«i]:d 
waJTTmat mt la 4i«ti»i'Mng the Juaip*Bt» 

The Juci|»#iat of thu eifimlt ^«rt of ^ok Oouaty 



^•4. «Ba T4Yi,C!m, J. i^ietm. 



i;v>.'? .111. 



:'^ 'a; 



«?■.? , 



HHi- 



"Sl^A.' 



*!U#e» 



i'j*&©w#a<j«' 






141 - 



itmpht OF tm BTATF or jj»lihoi8, 

ejt r«l mhWktr MRSEI, 

: Appellee, 



T. if 



F®11«» ef aity 4f 01-1 ie"-; J®. 




kppuL mm 



mm 0Oi-iin. 



Ofimoft fii«d iax<3ai 10, l©^6, 

8. ^nmnm mmmm d«iiwr©ti tb© ©siaion ©f 



^« deiirl* 



■ ^ ^RUHary 14, ISl^S, Stsaley B^sTiskl flle4 hl« 
p«'fet'tio!i f©r & writ €^f asan^toMswa, %f wMofe h« saisilst t© 
ossmpel the elty 0ffiol«fel» %o lss>«» to him. ^ 5»et».il berer- 

«g0 d«al©T»fi ll©«?!ii8«, f,|i® a®feadiMi%« filed ®,a &iwv«» 
Is® tlat petition, a iutf v: « iir?giv«Pd »M the mM»9 ht^mt^ 
to«f©-?-« the esurti •vld«]B©i«' «*» offecre4 on b»feftlf «f tfei« 

]P®tltioaf!ir ffiBd th€> d©fend.ant»i 'tfee ocfwyt f&uwA th» iesuea 
f©» the .^otltianty and ftw&rdtd the writ «« prayed fead th« 
4tfe«-ifiiit» a|>iJ#*l» 

1H&k« r«e©r4 Ai8«l«MB«s th«t- tht r^^lstor wa,» the omtsr 
of l®pf«rr«* Tiss-l e«ti».t« knawB »« s®, 1489 ««»t 4fth etreet. 
C^l0?tg®, tffeic^ ««« a three- ttory bTlc* 'touil.ding; ti'Ms.t be to» 
®ttli»» »ltli l»l« wltm ^mii tw® ehll4r«» lived in ^e rerai' of 
t&e pr«»i««« oa tb« flx-et floor* tSbe froat part of au<^ 
floor feftrlng tfc(>r«jtofoire tHi«ii laaed fts » soft driBk parlor, 
^« ottotr flooro of tfeo Imjl^lag »«Te oo©wrl®4 toy four othtr 
f»j9ili««; that tli« petltioaer w&m of foreign birth, bad llT#d 



\r nv ^' 



%y 



•ai^X ,<«I <«ti»«-'-# Jb^ri't «o,-:«ierO 



*w 






*,'„.■*- ^ ;;. i4^ V 



•■:*-i"?^.f ^Tfs?s '* 'tf> 



il©^ 



.?f*^ MJtiKi tHiif.'" >*«a?"ifi»®# s-ydt*;- 



tft-^S"^'; 



VC9 «*?>€« 



ia Cfhlesg© nbout twelve /»«?• but h»d not secured his tiiml 

i^t-urallsatS.!!?!! p*p«jr«« fh« «irid0iac# further tho** that th» 
rel0.t«y bad pur«aafe8«d th^ py«®t««« la ^ue^tioa eo or ab«nit 
Jiuljr 5y 1^2; tlimt epc^-reittly pTt^t to that tl»i ^e f&pmer 
oim«r lk»a doa^ueteid » «>oft drlalc paifleT la th* front of tlia 
firtt floor of tii« prenslseaj that after t^« 'p^tltlaner jMr- 
d)ifts»4 ll!ie pr^^pf-rty he «>p«rmted a soft driak p&rlor th^re uatil 
about t^so ««*k« prior to 0etote«» 30, 1^$# w!?«ri. fe« olo««d 
ttm pXa^ OB aeoovint of l&e* of buftla«»«j that ^isi teo <sob- 
^ot«d tilt bu«i]^£g ^t sold aumr ^er, root b«^«r« <3lg;(tr«, 
s«^ masl »«ad«lefe9«} tfeftt fe« fe«^ never bee® ia trouble be-» 
for« aii4 fe»d s*v«r be«« ®rr«et#d, «.ro«pt «a OotolWBr SO, ISSS, 
niioa th?«« offletrts «ater«dl feis plaoii, sear^ecl tfct pssrt 
©f tbe Utut floor i?fe«y« h« Md e^aiattotftd hlu t>&«ia«ffl8 imtll 
«bout ^mt wfrnkm ^f&"^ th«t #at«, fte *tll s® tfe« rooaa ia tbe 
rwtr, wker* h« Ksd ^4.8 f&iRlly XIt«4j that th« offin-rs foiaad 
ao^lag la tls« pr#ail»«s stid th** w«Bt %0 th# gai^^ in the 
rtts-r wber^ tbey toolc up »da« te«**?<S9 of th« floor &ndfo»ad 
la a fcol© that wt-.u chig uaii«r tfe« floor a fitr« g^loa |wg of 
*aMKHa»biaft whisky* or &ldb^ol« fbii$ va« t^lc«a by the offio«ra 
aa?l tfee relator pla©«'d und«r «rr€st« S« ws-e proatoutoA for 
tbta la tb€ M\ialeif»l Oo«»t ssad the evl-ieaee t«ad» to «ir?ow he ws 

fbt |i«titlOB«T te@tlfl«d that w%«r he heptn %» 
e»aa»ot th« ^jtisfcaees h« rttftiaed ia i^la eaploy n foraov 
b(Sirt«ad#r# wb© b««i b<P«a e«ploy«d by tb« poraoa who fornovly 
oeadl«ot«d the buslaass ia tho pt^pettf, but tb^t a short 
tl»» bof«i« &{$t0ber S6, 19@S» b« disob^.Tg«<! th« iMtrttudey. 
beesitiiw of ladk of werl m4 siftorwarda tbo bftrt«ad«r «&«d 



«■*■■ ■"'"* --—-■- T^ffstx-'lt «f>««9jiiir» ©'■PS? »8i5>y/i'? eol#^.tj:. aXMlaft 
-^"ii^-: x^n^ittltiKt mat t*;? •■•:': 



tOs m«4 s: 



©■s^^^. 



Uii> *> *I)*^ Ji»8it#JSW*7*i| 



. ii»«<3«« " 



C^W ,t;wJM*.»»i'l^ 'j;©#. 



♦iV5s§i ■s'i>t^-i^;^ 









bin for «^ge«. A poUe« of fleer testified on behalf of 
the 4efca<i^jit0 and ^Is 1i«i$tlsio»jr Is to th« effect that 
h« toget^ntr ritfe tiro broth «r offleer* »«r« Ib tJia s«l^«> 
b6it}o&d ©f pl&latlff»« plAo* &f yt»in«99 t>tt Oetobfiy !80tb, 
mtf&at 12s40 ©•claek l»,M,| tbmt thejr «tt th^ f©TK«r b»Tt#nder 
1^9 told l^«ii that the rel&tor h$^ sold ao&ashlan and ibftt 
if th9 ©ffle«r» »e&r«feed the pr«ml»e« tb«i' w?>alsl fiad m&w» 
ef ilit Ut^^r »fii!i«r tii« fl#«r of t3a« §ar*gi; that tfeercuosm 
tli# off! ©era nm&t t& tfe« pTm&lnent *M saw th® relator, 
fh.«y told hia th#j »fetit«^ to 8«iH'«ii tfeie first floor aft<1 tb« 
relator perMitt«a th^a t© do »o irlt^'®«t o'bj«6tloB«, %M 
tfeftt tb«|r f®wii«l ELOt^lng isa th« i»-^emi«e«5 tMi th«jr then 
ti»l^ the y»l«.tor they wleljea t® eu&ssiae the #ii*g« ss^ the 
relator ir«Rt with tfe«K and apsii««l th« aoor »® thmt tli«f 
eould do ••} th«t tto«y tSMStk up 8®a4i tN^^rds la th.« floor 
«if t^® iS3ns,iO &^ tou&d tko aldohol or moeasMse «.hlsky la 
« bole »ad«r tMe fioeri aM tl^^t t^«f took the vdoobol vtl^ 
1^0 rel&tor ta tHo pelloe »t»tl@ft{ ttet tine T«liitor ftdnlttod 
^ t'im off lo^rs th£.t tl&o atodaslnifie b«longedl to him* Or tht 
trii^ tfe« relator dtaait^i that tfe« llciiiar *iSf.o his wRd denied 
iMiTta^ %iqf kmoi^l«d,g» «,8 to feow It ofea« to b« »tor*d «B«ler 
tko ptraip* It mt^s Adisiitt«d tl^at the two otbtr offle««rs 
woul4 ^wo tftetij^ODT substantially th« n&atc »« that glwOA 
1^ l^e offleor who litid b«ftn om t^e Bt«.ad« 

h Irrlof %ad argi»eent bf>e b««n f Hod on bohalf of 
th« d«fea'a?i,nt», Irtit B#ae oa bo^alf of th« relator, the do- 
foRdsuato o&at«a^ that «aaer th« w«ll «etstell*^od rule of 
pl4^dlag» th# rftli&ter isuat »IX«^ fftet« nnA not ooaoluoloas^ 
ftad tfeat tiio porftltloa ocHaeioto taootly of eoasltiBl^ae &• 



i:«v 1:1-14*34 0-^ ii»itUmi nmfllt^ mU^ 



J**^* .'•li''^ -»«>tif?sft«*-. 



,1it«#*»l>5 «J*# 



Svi^ _,..f.,.i 






Aft^*«r- 



JS4!c^\ jJ,S)5i is ?i ■- 



■f:»:v iii.A«j- 






-4» 

AletlBgoislLed froa &lleg«itioeui of fa«t, 7h« ;a«f«AdftRts 
fiurth«r o<ant«&& i& this tenpeot l^»t th« mll«gfttlc>iis vith 
ref«r«£«« to th« ftp&llo«tloa «»d« by ^« r»i»tor for n 
li«»a»« sx« biit QO&olusioMi mnA sot AU«gfttloaa of fnot* 
A fuTther pelAt aiii.d« bf the def nsds^jnts Is th%t tmder « 
fimdaiaflntal in2Ll« of ple&dieg «^fnr» ar ftfflr!s«,tlT» duftaM 
is s«t ttp la an ftaswcY and not dficl«d %!f rcpllefttlon* it !• 
fidttittvd* and thsit tfee detentfe.ct* bf thmit aRSwty s«t ap »n 
affiTm»tiv« ^ef«]ti0« to «fiiiit ao replimtloa «fts f%l«4 aad» 
tfe«Ttfore tbls af fljssstifii def«B«« «&« *d»ltt«d. 5^'®4it 
®f tfe« oft»e.» sited by «>«a»«l f&r the <*« f «Rij»a%« l« sacts^Tt 
ef lfe«&i» oQnt#atl9fi tfeftt the sllegmtiaa* ©f ^^t petitloa 
wiFt iasuifieitat ?aa^- ^«>t tfe«gf iriir«s (K>»elti«ioii» and tiot 
«tat»as#Bts of fftOtSf »!ro«« ida^re t%« |s«tltioB h^s. fe«»n de» 
amFred to* Im tM l»0t«iat «»$«» )»o««ir«7« th« ^m«»tio« «%• 
not rmioed wbea th« p«titi0a im.« imsrcrr^d tmd ^« «•.«• wm« 
tried OS ita aerito, in th^mm eiroamstenoto* ve tliiak 
tiMi ikilcgRtie^B of t]^@ ftotitioa ireir'9 staffiei«et« 

tho defoadiaato further ocatoad that the reeord 
fails to «i>o«r thftt tl^e t^iator »ado » «.ppli9%tioa for thm 
lio«a»« in ^ostioa* to thlmk l^io is not ^Tt» out yf 
tho r«oord« but cm ttsc croatrsry, it affirmfttiTOly »|«>e«-rs 
tliat ^e sp|ilicmtl€>a for a lioeass ims oxbibitod oa tbo 
trl&l aad oouasol for the ■^«f«tt4»fi.t8 i»bo oxsailwid lt» «t«tod 
tl^st it vae &II rl ;^t and is reepoas* to » craooti&a by ^s 
osmrt »®i?t it **&« mn ofj^liemtioa for s lieoaso for tho 
y»ar 1€^S* tlMSi tke rein to; was on tb@ st%nd hi a c^^'uasol 
op|iar«BtX7 «m£ soekiag to proTO that aa isppli^ttloa had 
l»o«a »%^ for tbo XiMwio «ad t^ foIloaiaiE oooarrodi *t%o 



i©(R fc.^3 aii*l«»ri,«5«<5* ^i'li* "^^ey- r«)*f hm' t-^ ■ ■ ''■'■^'^'• 
'»»h si-^4- b&^i m-Xflfnq ^^tt ••-•■•'' :—-.•* ,«-*«*, 



* ffij ?fa:;^ ^1 












0onrtJ tov o^n«t prov« it that wmy, (?o«n««l for i^«eltors 
I will pTOT« It ainoth«» imy, • • • Cf©»ii»el fot thm defeBdRRtt: 
L«t a« «e^ lt» {Xtookiag n.% tht sipj^lt cation) i?a.y fe« I will 
«gTi»« to it, 1 rsni *» find owt, fhiit 1« *ll rii^t, I ,1u8t 

want t9 find (mt tf tlte i&f>v^lle»tla» h«a b«i«m smM, Qovm»9X 
f©r th« rtlmtoi't Y»«. f^e eo-ayt: For a 19t» &rpll<H»itl®m» 
<3©iiBi8«l for tfe© d«f®n4aRt«j 9«t«,* 

I4».i la thffiy aaaewcr tb«f »9% v^ *a »f flrw^tlve d«f^«« ead 
f^lae© »© 2-®|>1.lflstti»a ima filed trsRvewilag lste*t |*Rrt of *&• 
attsw^fg it ®te©-€ ».^ltt®d ®f y#^y4 »«€ ^'sssifl for tbe de» 
f^a<i&a% f>oist« f*it tint* tli# ^nswisar $(»nti.la9 the f»H®«?iRg 
fellegittl^mj *C^ dlir«i«- teetjiiand p©ii,«« offio$r» of tht 
Sity 0f cmiua^ft ftraiid tfe« |M»tl*l?aier 0&&4u«tittf hl» Itnssl- 
mftiMi mt th0 RSiid ^i^«ia#« -dft^cr oi3e«i:m«t,t«oes wrtiefe led thsa 
t© bftllrvt- tteat k» ws* »«Uljag iat©xl«mtinte. li<;wst« m TlelA- 

<^ thtt stats of lilliK»ls Ib em^ €%»«« »st.d« tnd px<GTld«4» ftnd 
^ftt »ttcdi f»0t» tinvlftg l%es l^reaented t® tbe M^ye^r* %h« p«ti<» 
tloii«r»« !!««»»«■»«• f"#i?^l:«d in -%o«^y«fet»«» with tJte |s:r©» 
Ylslsiie ©f tfe» ©rdlmine* ber«lii*»f©t'« T^fciTeti to, ssis^. ^sut 
lHi^R(,»ft« 9f i%@& fm$t« tli'S f«titi3Reif !• n^t a fit s.n«3. «mit» 
atel* iMriwoa 1» fesw » ll«e3B!»»,* fid eTlA«a,©«i w»« ©ff^pred 
1>y th« d^fe^B'-'^i^i^t* t© su&fttiiBtl&tt this $Alc@ittl»B» m^r fild 
i^€ ^f«&^tafitft d» tli« tirial e&ll fibe sitt«&tt3& of tib« cornet 
t& ^tm f»ot tlNt&t so 7«plle@^tlo& feifcdl beea filed, t?ut on ^e 
omitwuTf, e^^ifisol for heth sldoo lod t&e court to ^li«f 
tteitt i^e ioouA ^&d la«eB proporly joifiod, Ix^ th«»« elreitao- 
stuaooo, tl^e d«f«&dafttil id.IX aot no^ ^ h«»Td to mty that 



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^ii.n ^thtV'mm fttts tih:«m a&n-m 



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th^ Rlltig»tlo» «tc>.©d Rnsslttedl ef r«cord. Moreover, %fe« 

sold latoxl(^.tlng i.l<^iaor«9 on %h# ptmii^*M «t ^mjr tliMt» 

ftnd tti^m Is no evlc5.«ii3j» to i*t«» wMatrary, lender the 
»vl«*»BO« in th^ r«<»rd ss-bA oot^si^Jeriag the atethod u&dtir 
whieJj it m** tflffd 8m d -laSte ».rg«»«nt m%€m by «ss'an«»l for tht 
d«^eii^-aat« 4» tfela ©et\ir*» w« art oifrnrly of th# ©]&litl«a 

Hitftt «6 »e-i^4 not N> i^itTT^^tftd la disturMiig %h« judpi^mt* 



fee rftvewst^* it®f©re «. <^6»y.rt ssey list«rfey# with tfe« •x©?ei»0 
«f i^e diii«r€%i©ii of th« ft4Uslal«tinsttiir» effieialft of th» 

wlie brliieii « i9>%s^.m»i pr<»oe«41ng sm«t show <3>leasly tlfta-t 
of t^ ^ifi&iium» 






;i*;;w«i*j ii/€5i 



163 « 50«|3. 

OHEOO^ T.'WAR MFTr.ls, Ads Ids tm tor _/ ) 
of the «u«it«'|(« ef B.%n« Kiel9«n, .i>ee«aui«d* ) 




\ 



a. a, SE^»«?f, '^^f .41,, 

On app«¥l of fL4S p£*fs.RSOJi«'^ 




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\ 

Opinion filed March 10, 1936, 

ME. amnOa 0»OOM»on df?llT©re«d tl^e opinion of 
th«! court, 

Flalntiff brought s,n «.©tl<s© uaaer t^e utattit© 
ftgaiaw* flag FetertOB. asd S. H, Sf«T«sttt, to r«cover oa 
aeoouAt 9f tbe wrongful d#4i^ &f Hj^as lilAlsea, deeeaeeS* 
.Pl.aintiff di8»ii«8«d Ma suit as to S«rw&tt, tb«T« w%© a 
ir«7dlie-l and 3udf^«nt In favor #f th« plaintiff, for 
|4,0OO«C^ aatS Peter&on appeals* 

fh* 3'«ei>;d dlaf4o)i«» tlsat stboiat (m« o*el9olc on 
tl»« ffioraia^ of May 14, I93S, d«f£»ndsi4at use driving hits 
flv« f««een^ar ?ti®k«al^Gltiir tutosHablle in b B,orth»«9t«n'Xjr 
dlyeotioa an Mllwauke© avtaue ia the towa of Kile« Qentmr, 
vhX^ is l®cmtei about tea ®ile» n@rtliw««t of ahi<J?*g© fmd 
mt ttm WKae tiate the d«<»«B»d, Mans ifielsta, arais drivlag 
® 8«vea pwis€ng«r iitohell mr^toaobile la « Mvth6a»terXy 
^r«!eti0a on tbr eaaie «trc«t; tbftt tINe f^ ;iutQm@bil«« 
eolllde^ *i^ «.» m result, i^islita w«» so »eirerely injured 
tbmt he died within & f«w houm thp;reaft»r. It i© t© rtf»OT«» 
th# daatajps eusti^iaed by his ls«ir« thst tbio suit 18 brou^t« 



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fhe d»;cI«.r»tlo& m^t in lour oouate cmd w« tak« 
f jroa ther sJaatxaot, lehme the declarRtla» Is rery »«&g«rl7 
alMitr«i.ot«d« the exjib6t«».&o# of th€> ftXlegc,iio& of each count* 
Tb« fiTst coxmt ehargsii th^ d^pfeBGlant frith gwier&l negli- 
gKnoe iB the op^ymtloa of >ia ft\itc«iOton«, The e«cond 
eh&.rg90 hln «^ith negli gemots in ep^rstlng his aut«»9iobile 
mt £ bij^ sad ".aagsroajB r«t© ©f sp^^d, Th« third eouat 
<^arg«« th« d^fesdaat ifltfc^ wlllfvil, wanton «ad aalloloiMi 
c^onduet In th« operation of fM* guto«ablle« And the fourtli 
dount cMrgee thR defen'^sant wi^ » Tiolatioa of the pro- 
visions of fi«etion 16 of tlse Moter V«teiolo Aet of 1919, 
which proTldMi tte«t *©n «»pr©aohlng another T«hicl« pro- 
oeedlag In sn opposite dirtotion, «-ii<1 whfta within ROt 1#88 
than SSO feet of the m^me, nny person la ofeargf of a motor- 
bi cycle or motor veiilole #tuipp«d with eleotrlo headlight 
or h»B.dllfht«, 9hs.ll dl» or eKtlngulah suoh hei8i41lgbt or 
hft&dll#i3to*# and EVtrt th^t th« d#f «»4«»t la Ylolati€»n of 
that statute operm.te«S his Etutomobile with g;lsrlng mnd 
dassllng lights snd failed to dia or exting:al»b thes whea 
within 350 feet of Uleleen's automoMle^ iiad that throu^ 
ftu«b a«gllgenoe» %%ei oollleion oG0ijrre4 sad iieleea irae 
killed, (this eeotion vscr iaeaded la 19S1 whloh was prior 
to the ooourrenoe la ^eatioa. ) fhe defeialant filed » plea 
of the g^iers^l leeiaa md % ap»ei»l plea mlleging noaownershlp 
sad opemtloa of th« ear. fhe @%8« went to trl&l «n^« »t 
the elose of pl«lntiff»© m»a, the eomrt directed » verdlot 
for the def«ndatstt« Hfterwsrda % new trial vsts greated -iind, 
at the elose of the seoond trl^l, plaintiff dismissed as ta 
•Uie def«ne?a.t Iterwatt, »n6. th* :rp w«s a verdlot ''nd Judjpteat 






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0«Si«Rlfo 'I'.U*.?:' 



in plftiBtiff •■ favor smd »g».la.8t th« dief<?ndaiit, Pfterson, 

for |4,CKK;*00« 

SlBoe »« hav« decided tfe&t there asust bo «. now 
trial* ffe refrftin from dleoussiag the evideiioe in Idno o&so» 
exofspt in so far ro It may h% noo<? »«ary for x\» to do so in 
giving the roasono fo:r m. ? deoisilon* ilvid^noe waa offered 
on bohalf «^ tbo plaintiff tending ts s^ov that «t the tiao 
in question, ▼!«• stboat oieo'ol®**: on th« rjJOTniiig of May 14, 
I30S* ^iel«en -trith t'ro oth<s]r jsen «n« driving on i^iltmultoe 
sv«n'ue in th« Yill&ge of Mll«?e Centex, in soutbeaet^Tlf 
dirootlon toward Obi^-go* thir, epood of th« nnt^BObilo 
heing slje-ut SS Klleo por hour, I>#t»ri8©n was arlving bio 
nutOffioMl* In l^e oppr'eito di taction imd the two »nebln«« 
oolli^ed* ■^f? left front wteeeli ooaiag in contact; thstt 
the defeadant's aut#^®l>tlo awnng ^ro-wnd tow^id the nortk- 
weot en«t tofned oo«plet«ly ar^ind so that yfeen it oi».«e to 
7#8t« it was atftndiag. in the dltcte st the westeTly elde of 
the pavoMont, facing tot^a-fd Ohl^igo. Iflelsen's s-atoisobile 
whoa it (MffiO *te reet, vt&n facing in sn e&eteJlf dlrfeetion 
on the estct ei4« of the roAdi^ay ^nd «n,s turned over on its 
side; th&t meleen w^s eererely inj^ired &na died a few 
hours th*-reaiter. Fialntiff •« evidenoe furth^^r tended to 
show thstt Khm the two autoatohilee were* what would he the 
•Qvl^mlent of &hoat two eity blooks aipert* the young asen 
who were riding with Nielsen law the defendants approaching 
sutoaobilt Knd that it had two glering headlights* na well 
as & epdtlight* whioh tended to blind them* »nd thet neither 

the hendllg^ts nor the s^tll^tt were dlaaied at any tino* 

On beh*lf of the defendant evld«nce was introduced 






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t ending to al^ow tbat tbe cief««ii3«nt l>«ter9on hsid ^dLmwiTm* on hla 
t«ro h<s«tdll#)t«t «® th»% It tmu l(itpt>80lble for them to o»«t « 
glsiriajj li#t# ssnd tb&t tht «|»otllght wse pointed downward "^nA 
to ^« ri#t h&rtfi side ef ret«r«oa*8 <»r» to onttble hla to 
MMi that aide of th* pirrf mf^nt • the d»-len->.nl5«B ©vlde»n^ 
furtHer tends to sfeow that Peteroon'e csur wae trswellng 
«t fro« eighteen totw«sty mll«*« per h&Mt, an5 thst tfeo 
oolllsion acfmrrfil qobj© few iaoh<F© omot of tbe 9«Bter line of 
tfee rwsdspsyj tbfit th« tisffen^.'^Bt** ofef w.s« trsvellng all 
the ti«« on the pro^yspr aide of %h« cmattr of th« ps.v«mentj 
tfest Hlclaen'ss ®ar at esdl pri©r to the o©lli«l®n was te«ing 
diriw«n at fram 3S t« 40 »iles p«r feo«y. Tt^e defendant 
^dled: ft. Burreyoy wiso t«stifi«d tltat on Ma> 34, 1^2, ho 
fead »ad« a surrey of tb&t j»Pt of the ra&A whtre t>t# eol- 
lislon took i&Iaoe %nd % plat wbloh be h»d iisids, w%.a offered 
In ewid«noc irni©h tended to eb^w tSmt the eollleion took 
plaoe OB rctereon's side of tb.# ro^-dway, it e-lso appusre 
fro» the reoord tbmt wistm t&e atorveyor was Identifying 
ti^e |}|«t» that tftie tftaase plat kad been exhibited to eotmsel 
for the plaintiff on the firet tnH of tb# oaee and tb*>n it 
wae stdaltted without objeotion* o^ oross-ezs^ Inst ion of thi« 
witnesis lay eou^ftl for ]^lalntlff» after ^eing naked as to hit 
re.aidenee, t^e f 11 owing took plsoe: *Q, M whose r«»» 
^WBHg% did yc*i5 ®ake thit plat. A, 4t the request of fen Insur- 
ftRoe eoapany, I do not re ©all the nft»e of tht Insurance Ooatpany, 
(@o^neel foi? defeiidiisaftt). If th^ esurt please, we siore that 
toe strif&ea out. (dbuaeel for l^mtiff) It w&y go out. 
(OotaaeeX for defendant) Oounnel knew wh&t tbet »n«weY wotslA 

prow^e; no ^luestion ateovit tfcat. The Oowrts Motion denied.* 

Oo^mseX for defendant, exoepted and Mawed to withdraw a juror 



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Ka& to 4eoI«i» « talctrial, «hi^ Motion wft« ^rti«^. 

It htm b«@n T0p»ai.t«dly held t> at It 1« «TTor 
in ft «M»«f eu€^ iMi tfes onA «^t aar, to lnti«%t« ot brl&g 

to the pxTf*& attention th« fact that tbe aef®ft<!?.s.at 1« 
Ijisuxefi and tl^at h« rill uot fe« s'«<5uire«l to p&y aay Judg- 

isent that al^-;ht be rm-^ftTf!^, fegainst hlii# l^^t that a 
csMm«,lty oompaay i© tfet party ist«re»ted in the -t^feiist* of 
■fee suit. Mofttelfttt V. Yo-aiU£. li^ lU * App. SlSj ildorndo 
Q&^l ^ Ooke go, V . Bw^n^ s;^'7 111. SSS. Eu<& fiiroar, however, 
will skot alw.aya WB-rrsat & i?®ifsy»sa. #f tfe® Jedgaeat irliere tho 
Que^tisfe ©f llitteillty la aot & <jl®®« ©ae or whew* the «pwrt 
Gim ®oe ia.p-0a an sKajaiaattoa of th® satirt y«cor4 thAt tbe 
•iftfa-simat Isfta a^at bsea MeTiim.»Xf frt^mUo^d, Sut in tb«' 
la$t@»t m.&», up&n a eayeftd oaa^id^ratlon of %ll the 
tviaeaise i» th« y«©©i€, w« tfiiafe lis® ll&Mlity of the «•• 
ftaa-dMftBt l8 a ^tstioa of gimTO ^u^t, an4 tJisrefore, the 
jury 8h0i5id BOt li«i.w may latlMfAlon tli*t a casualty coapftaf 
io latei?e«t«si In the def«ji»« of ta« sxslt. Aad wh&t l^ok 
pX&oe im« oa^olally pn^jjadiclaX w**^ it is eaaalvlsro^ tfeat 
1*t ©oax't <l#aie4 plalatiff »» moti^m to atriko otat t^« ©b» 

Stncft tlrieiFff sflsfft bft a ne* trial ©f the cf,«©, it la 
Mton&mirf to p«.ss0 OK othieT ooateRtlons «s.de by tfe© defe?n4ast« 
the aeoood oeuat of tSie dsclar&tioa, oh&rgiaig tbat tise d»» 
foadJKnt oporated hla %\it<«nob<le at r tei^ and d.aBger©uo 
irato of apeeA wfto rithdrawi hy plaintiff or the trial* Tho 
a«f«i*-''i?»siit ooBtOBds I^Rt tbBT« Wf^o SO orldenoiB to austalB tfeo 
t.ll»^,tion of th« i^ird osuat* wt^loh ohATgOci willful s.ad 
■sraaton ne^ige'ao^. stM t^5?refoj«t the only ©ouat Jtomaiaing was 



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%ht» fourth oeiactt which ebt,rg«4 the defendant vltfe opeii»t- 
ing Hie sutojaobil* vitb glaring and dtoEellng h«».dlight« 
B»d Hi» failure to dim ©t oxtinguish thssm »s th« ttatute 

required, and -^.s to tbis etJimt tii« defendealfe oo^^tendt 
thmt ©Ten if it be assumed thst tfe© allegatloB* wert 
s\i»taini*d l3f tfee «Ti<aeaoe, it would clearly show thst 
Ml#l«eii mns guilty of CK^ntributory ©©gllgeaoe in drlT» 
iaf >5i« ear t^wsvTd tls«» ^^.arlag h»a.Clights of the d«- 
f«Rd.&nt»» aiatom©bil« aM a Bu%b«r «f a^thorltiea %r« 
eitsd is support of this 0c.mtf5stlOR. ^e «flll n®t stop 
to asalys* the autr.;oritl#8 eit^d, tewt '^ «ur« of ^e 
opinion tfeftt if the pity laeliotr^a froa the evideneie tha.% 
th« dcfeisfiaBt liifeg glatlag p^M ^rsliag bet.dligbtc oa 
hi a autfw©bll«, caatwtyy t© tb© pTorlsioas @f th« stmtwte, 
sad tfs*.t mtoh llgbtt ^•pre t?>« proxlmat© oau«e of t^« 
0olllsi^v.a« tht ^tetioa n^^tfeer tb« d«oeR«»d» ia. driTing 
his <«r totmi^ tkfc»e glaki-lag htadlij^to -raa guilty of 
B«glig:eaes, «■&« & oueBtioa of faot fot tks ^wry, we aro 
&ls9 of thf ypiaion tiaat the d«f«j4fiaftt*s position is 
eoiraot* wSsea he argaes t?mt tfe:"\re ^'-.'-s *n« evidr^noe of aay 
willftjl or imnten n#glig«>noe its efmrpnii in the t^-ilrd 
eouat of tlws deoleTation. It has been held, horevext 
tte&t if A oouat of a tlBOlai-Rt lo» paroperly ohargeo oi^n* 
mXY n«gllg«R0« mid ia »44ition ohargws the aef®ridffint with 
being willfully ?md wantonly a«gli^«nt, it will 9us5t»la 
a verdiot wfeev-e the eri'.l»n<Hi shows only OT-U»Jry negli* 
g@no«« Oaiftaiog r , MOmi&t> OeaX :^.* S4g 111, 378, S« 
do aat wsBt to fee u&deTstood, bowever, sa passiag up:;a 
tM« suffioieaey of 6ay oouat of tiae dRGleir&tioa, its timt 
Question ferns not b«e® rmieed ^ 8ltli«7 p»rty, we think 



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-7- 

tbftt «« 0u^t to ttleo ffifty tlmt If thi'Tf!) is llaMIity 
in tbit <ms« a Terdlot of t4,C)00«00 would net 'be 

kpp* 5141., €S©«plaint Is Si Is© ssade toy the siefeadaat 
g(« to seftnia lnstru0tl@n«i glV9B. i»e »re una'ble to 
p«jis u^on tbci oentention i«8idp, betmuse it is impossible 
to di«t«r.?:iii# from tbe t^aorS sit whos* TeQi*««t aay of 
tfe« iH8toPu©t--0B« were given, and tbe only tfeingw® «*a 
do ie to freraise, upoa a 3?«».ding df ttiea, as to irhsth®? 
I^e ple-latiff ©r tfce d^feRf^ant ®ubsiitt«d tb« iBetruotlon. 
fe tJtiiB* *« t^uflst to Bmff hewevty, tlji»t tlft« iBStriJotioa 
glv«tt, ipbis* ^tiKJtC'd tl^e »t«tBt« iftb^ut fe©ar^li#t«» enaght 
net t0 1^ giir«n »b » new tylml of the e*»* without agiply* 
iag l^e ©t&tute to t^-e case by sdciiBg % ^ia».lific»ti:ja 
to the edffeet that no xemrf^rf 0iR«i4 %»« h&A« ual^ca the 
iwef believt from tb© eiridese® t^aftt the d«f«Rdattt «t 
thetiiE^e in qaestion w&e op«7»tin^ his: EutosioMIe in 
▼iolstloB osf tht stiitiite ftM tfeiitt swsh Tic>X&ti@& waa the 
pr©3fi!5Btte o®i*Be of the osllieioB, »« da aot '^mnt to i:>e 
«Q&d(r«taod i^e latisi^ti&g omr opisiem &n a£|i of ttxe ethe? 
iaatB40tioiie# 

f0T the»eAon givea„ %h9- ^udgBGut of the Oireuit 
09utt of ti0ok Oisiagfcy is xereTeed &aa the eauee yetaitnded. 



Iff*- ■■ ; ■ V 



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184 - 30446 

U 

ippel lasts 

CIR0151T mv-wt, ■, 
} eoor couiiTY, 

v 






Opinion filed March 10, 1926-», 

MR. JlJStlOr 0»^Sf!Oll d«liT0ri>d, th« opinion ; 

of tfee c^ioTt. 

Om« Jwi« IB, ISSS, plmintlffs iMPOught an «iOtloa 

■iJtmagBB la tb« gwae of P,0OC0, s,»d on Stpteabtr 7, 1933, 
filed ^eij> d«eiaratl©B, f&i*d^ wst In three oouats, to 
vhleh d^lteadfent filtd «. ple& of the general l»8u«, After- 
wRTd« ©a Jwat 8# li®6, pl&intifft, ^ leart of oouxtt 
tiled t«© sMltlonal omiatft awS to tfees« oouBts, the 
defen-innt filed ». plea of the general Issuo, The «5R90 
ms trioa fc«fo-"e a 3uAg« and s Jwij. tfteire »«• a ▼erdlet 
and iJwd^ent in defendant's frnvox and plaintiff* ?i?rp««.l, 

faeh of the five eounta axo »tib«taatlf>llf th« 
siuae* fhey allege that on or abeut the ^%h of Auguot, 
1921, one Stanley w, irooo, and the defpo) Bt,fo» the piuf- 
poee and wife tie int«Bt of thereby proouring plaintiff « 
aoney* represented that there o&o existing under and by 
TlTtuo 9f tl^se lawo of tais etato, a oorporation by the 
8&ae of ^anoa Oouioroiail Oorporotioi^ ; that such eori^on* 
tioa owned reel mad personal property sf the v^lue of 
#l©0,OO0«0©, over an* ^bove Ite indebtedneeoj th»t the 



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eorpoxfttloa ttn^-^ 908d:uotliig &n extensiTt stud profitable 
bti«lae«9» but t^Ht It ace<i*<t atorc resdy cit«h to oa^rry 
om its ^«4n«S3i that i^otnt w%it th« pre«14»nt 9.Bd tb« 
def ea 3%Bt lollakf tlrte »eo;«!tifi]rf of 1^« eoTp&7«ktiom» ^nd 

tfeat tte:«jr yeprissftn ted tiiat th«y *«?« leg:©.llf aut'-iorlced 
to borrow, an i>el^.&lf of tb® oorpor%tloa« aM to uiid«r» 
*fck© ©n bef)»,lf of th# oeyp'OTRtien to r^pajr any «oa«jr 
t»orrow«di with 10 porotnt interest; that pl«i»,tlffs on 
^0 faith of OQOh r9p7<ifi0Btfttl0iis tjid atfttfrfiemto mnil 
relying laiT>lioitlf uf>c?fk -tti®* aisil believing th«B to t»# 
tru«» lifftT* |2,O0C^»00 t^ to«o for % lofta to thf> oons^rft* 
tioB <m^ ikf'Tmwpon looft »md tUe €f'feB-'*.iit soll&lc, theaa. 
and th^r® emde «>ut &»-4 »i^.©4 ©a b«li«l,f of %h» sorp^TSk"' 
tioix* a- presBlesory aote isayifej?!© to pl«.iatiffs for 
fS^eoOvO^ irlt^ intoreet thf'r«oa Kt lo poroent itad aipiod 
t!s« js-^x»« as ©residaat »ad oaeTOtary, r«speotlr«ly, of 
ruoh ©orporatioo* It l« fwrtfeer &Torr«d tltat t*» r«- 
pr«s«^atatioas inid«i %y ^<oo«. aitel tbe >$ofeiiit&.iit9 ^oll%l:* 
iMiro utterly faloo »jad imtruoj ■^tt t^tr® ws-s ao miek 
oorporstioa aj» t&e t^nioa €k»wa«roi9il Ctorp«jr&tlo« ».»d tfeat 
tfe» ^onoy hsfl, set beea y^,l«;t to plaiatlffis. 

Flaintiffa off«y«4 eviiiABoe tftBdiag to show 
that la If So, rosa »n4 his trife, together ^ith oao Se»B» 
worts earrylag on e. son^ntilo touslnois at 'io». 1S48-60 
liilim.^o« avenuo^ <lhlo«^, %nd th«t tboy ai%int«ia«-i an 
of floe ot Ho* 11@9 fi'il«ti%tlcf>« ftT«ni:iMi fros v^ioh toailioit 
oizbooriptlotti ^ «to«k la rttdii bu»ia«^o; thst Koom ^nd 
hi® wife w«r^ alloas «ad oa January 16, IttO, th«y, 

t«r i»it!> s«MMa, filed the ©rdia».ry papers with th« 









i-il Xf.'SfiS t»0e;.5 «*# 



^ •■?,,■«■*»«> UJ-s-A 






-5- 
teertiitj ef Stitt* f«>r -Hh* rtJTT»^»e of 9rf«nlr!Bg the 

Rtook of tlOC),C-OC,©C rhlob do«y«<»Bt li»4ic»t««l ths,t 

IKT.SOC.OO »f ti-1.8 »«io«iit w«!iB jmid In fay th« tr«.n«fer 

«©«• v©?e ffipts*^ dir«et©y«,» £<»««. «r8,0 FT«6ltie»t, a«an, 

that 6 f«r ffi^-atfes ths r««..f ter, istsm sevvrtd hie e<w.Q«o* 

tioi» b«ej*n#e h« tb®uK^it %J^e b'astae** *»» nat feeing o^Qf* 

defendant w«11iiIE|> laui, * f©^*!^ mmR ateoijt tw«nty fm.T9 
*f »#►» liTlag mi tit hit far«»ts Ir Chi^^s-";© aisv'! w»e y^rklag 
f©T tli# Qfsat ciRspanyi thftt he sstir as aciveytleeseeBt la 
» Palisb p«|Hiy, lBs«T*«€ by ^.©«a for th« ifolaa 0oaw.efolml 
Oorporstlsn wliicit 9ta.tM tfeey isS-BtefS ts> <i»plojr s^e ya^sng 

te0tlfl»t %fe»* li« tfegfu^t fe« teadi « liille tljR« la tfe* ev«af» 
laft ffind wintM t® ®»St« « I4ttl« !8©ii«y» »« fe« »«et <»T«ir tmA 
talked to l*j^sl^«iBs.1s £o«i| tb.«% !©«« *»ke4 &l« vit&t te« eould 
#• tma h« replied tisat fe« «e©ld d© n little tyi^ft'^'i'ltiAg 
aii4 gct»«rsl ®ffl©» tp^ykj i*fet E^flHft then g^Tt hi« ©oee 
typewritlftg: t@ do &c % test aa^ told hla tiiat ^ne weisld 
l»t fel» kn©i? later wh*they &« tf©«ld to« earploy«d» i3«t 
1Mifor« ^ellak li^t* losn. told hl« tfej^^t If h« mrtre e>vs.plo]r«d 
k« would liHT® t© iMf soBir stock, .r; tfe« oorpoyatlc^ttj thSit »ll 
e«ploy»fi »«t« 3P«^uiif«id t© 5J«ia etoolt in %hn oampnnfi th«t 
^©llmk tfjld hjji tteat h«» feftd no acaey. but was feuding « 
|5&«00 llb«rty B&nA n.% th« dz«a« Oea^aity where h« v«e eapleyed} 
that ta a al^Ft tlae h« would t^» at;le to p«y far tbe t»oad 
a®d t?.riRg It lB| that Komi aald he wasld r&th«» have the 









""^'^'-•■''f^ri 






<(i^|^w«(s 






ta?,. 



fi*^*E»»^f8' 



money, '.:K,t if Ifce bond w«« br«»i>4,ht ia h« woursS allow 
^olluk the imTk«t VRl'ut ©f it, ^elJRk furth*?r t«iitifl«d 
th»t h« fctked Koftft *hat »«.l»ary h§ vki0% expeet, t« wbl<Ai 

Ko«it r«pll«((j he o«H.a^. not girt hla say «t'n«3rj tfeAt thortly 

ellow^d the »i3« ef |45.O0 ft? it as* *«« ^iv«n a aertifl* 
e«.t« apraTtsatly efeorlng mm« iat^rwat in t>>« S!®i"'p0r«s.tt5tt, 
ttee certtfioate b«ii*g for tiv^ sHs.y«» of ^stook »t |10«00 
p9r ehare} tJhst Wollsk m.& to ^t th«*«t©cft, o«?tllloat« 
whmx fee i^ld fi»jr- it hy his- '^■©rit in. ?!.ddition t# ^vlag 
tlai« teoadj tfeat it few iafs Rft«T Mii fir«t int^yvicir, 
wellak T<st\JarB«-a laEkd «rtt» put ti^ «>rk &Bd i:eafft ©.gyf:«d t<» 
pity hl« |S,c)e iwr iretelt fVs^ work t« Iw? ^#iae la th« eveaiag 
fe«*ir«ea ©j30 aisd 0:30 0*clDC9c; t?is:t atisetimt l&t©y bit 
t»®BB wftx* r«ls«d t© IT.Cii© per «e#lE tad Itfesr toe was y«c«lir» 
lag #10-,(^ i^ef »«tk$ t'teat fe« 0^,tl«a»#St0 ^®fk f«r tfee eaae^rn 
f»» -mkmut If ytfeft aisd ?.mtn th€ malamw of the y*sy 19:^1; 
t&ftt la Atigact of tl»«i yewp b# first ma* plaintiffs at ta«ir 
teofw, having fsa* tfeerc with Kem »md oe« of plaintiff** 
nelgtob©r»j that an &ttorn^ wse f?l®Q pr«t«iitj th*t tbey 
*«»« «t plsi.Btiff«» homt ®fc0wt fifttea galauteii; that tb« 
MBt^b&t intyo^iAefta loait ias r^rtiiaftut »a* the ^^efea^nt 
me SMSsoretary ©f the €®r|ior»tlon to plalatlff»| th«at ^efe»4" 
»mt paid littlt ©.ttimtisn t® t- i»5 thist Ka«« had a e9nv«f««f» 
tioa wit?' thft plaintiff Lewie siogowski EBd tfemt the «ltat9s 
ms eittiag taUiaf to «««« Isid^; that l&^t. e^ke to ti><t 
^l&iRtiff &fe0«.t beraro-fiisg nootd aea«y; tbst thi» pRrtiee 
t%mn Iftft plalntifffi!' btme sn^ a f<w ^y» atf tey th« def^adaat 
tigaea th« !i©t# a» efteretstry mt tis« liIi»a'uke-£ av«&ti« plsi«» 



■^iit- 



•1^ 



;•(# '%«?»« jj.' 



.; ?^5apj3'' 



iS^rVf"? 



;1 |'()K*?f«« I?**©!* 



-«-H 






«t l3»»lBe«8, Rt the y*qu©Bt of if:©»», »ft«if Kom KM told 
l»lm tSint ssl*.li»1ilff« h*d glT«ft fela tb« s«on«y, IS* wit»e«e 

f«3"lht* d«al«d tfeat he iwi.4 «3fhiMted Ttietur&s ** t*j« Mil- 
*sttl:»« srcastif 'tfl«» %& pl»,in%iitB, t^ndisig to «ho» t2s«% 
1^«i eorpOTittloa ovaed a greAt deiO. «»f prd|3«rtf« He %l»o 
dimied. tiiitlnig »jBy p»rt la th«- ooa'v«j«mtl£*a between >;;o»* 
aad. plaintiff* 1& if«ffer»wc«! t© tfee i-^e«c**iiig of the p,oor.,o< 
in ^ftstlosu 

fht ^1.»iiitiff» furtfe«r ©ffer^^ enrldene* *,<> th« 
«ff©©t ^*% f,f%«r tRilEiag wit:-' tls«iy »#lghl3©y, Sl«w«, wbo 
tdl.€ tliiii i^».t th« f5©r STstttoft «f«« b^ff^wlmg a»ciK«y and 
payteg 10 i5tr®emt f^t I* they went ta tbt Mllifa%ils;«^« »▼«• 
S3I9 plmoe 0f fem*i»e«9 ts?f? ai»o^»«d tJi^ m»,%%«.t *lth Leta 
iauS. the ^efmr-iasit, ffliol«k; «n^ tfett «t tfeat tl«e ron* 
«»d tlht iff«?«ftRiit ©irhifeitP^ t<s tJi«« pletttf«»r> 9>'J0in.)Rg 

ti^m* ftx^ fsurth'^t lRf#yii»«d tfe^-gi tisst tin* ©^jr^orsitiojj w»« 
<30ftd»ctiRg-.s. vtTf profltiSibl* ta^laet® ami im« w©Ttli m fjp«iftt 
desA ©f »€>a«f OTtf ssaS ^.*>®i»» lt» inttfeteilness. flaiatlff* 
off«y#d ottesy e^i^ine** temaiBf to a-^-©w tfe*t aa Jv,ly 18, 
195?X» the iittox%iy G*n«r8l of lxli«©ie fU«d an lnfoi"««tioa 
1b tbK R^.%uy« of «i Ciuo ferr^nt© ng^inct Ketsft, hX» nitn 
.and 0m« Sclerfl!);i» In «hio;! It «&f) mlXegftd that tb«fi« p«Tti«a 
•pa3n-)art«d t© &ot %• » eorpo^rsitioiii, feutswis, aa the *Unloa. 
GaK«»«rei^l Ssrpowtlo©** J mmm^fuBi »««.® «^*rr«d in that ^^a* 
0a tfet deftaritfit 4f\sly It, 19S1, ?,aa five day« l-^tfty, July 
S$, litl, at mr»n ♦•«!©«* In tkt# t-wftlng In * *».rd In th«s 
a9«»ty lfe«ttitail in tmi©%g», *. '«e«ting &f <*« lH>^-rd of 
4iT««tCHrs »ms hftld ©f ti»« IMi^^a 'l&!af:S»rois.l 0©rr;'0y«tion« 



hf-f^f- »'it-r jfii-r. t^'f^- .■''trSi% "^-o f*-y 









tiV.Xi0A 



imm:^ '&»t*%tft 



-6- 

T|i« diir«ater9 fet that m0«tiii(; »er« K»«a .«in<l Sklf^rskl anrt 
*t thftt «««tlng the r«i»lfmfttloa of r.r», i:o««i, is* dtlreetoi^ 
seerretAry and tr«&»\ar«i' of t^f oerporfetloa, »«,• mooept«d! und 

at«ot>ctarf ftflei tir«a«iir«r In het olsc* (voder «fe«t auth<»ritf 

1^« direc'.eri e^wid eltot wolliiJE »> aireoter 1» nm> »h©wft, 
-m* \aB<i«y' the law 41.r«©%o?« «i.yp «*l«ete<J fey the Bt90kliOld«rti}« 
ite«tbfty th© dief«ii-'?«Bt W&8 pr«;-fl«nit %t tble tlae l» n^% clesLT^i 
Vttt lit aft«»WMrd» aigae^ th? si^utea of t5')« «««?tl!iig, ^» lt« 
s«&T«t»3r3r, It *ill te€ obsf-TTeal tli^t tl?i» sifttlRig »«■« Itield 
fiStRy ap.yfl! after KQwm-, Mb tdfe aa* ftitTBtel w0T9 s«rvM 
wtth 8t88®0»s ia tiif %wo WitTTaato pr©ee«4tng8 a»sj th^rt is 
»» tTtcienc* th*t mllisM. 3tn«r any^ilug about tbis, Ob tfa« 
trli^l- It «rsB Btipulsittd ttukt ':»taal«y K<»»a <Sie<i Jssvewfeer B7, 

€91 i@>v«»«b«»ir Z^ l®t|., {& i»4!titiO']i la iMmtn^tey ii« 
flllM Im tl5# l>'nlt«d 8tftt08 m«tri«¥t ©a-^rt In .^iaag© ii^.ia»t 
•it-«-al«y f, fosft »»<i May *'. Ko«*» 0O-^&T"feii<sap«, ^&ing fettjsl* 

inttt ^l» for th© 8,|>]&.oia%a«Rt of a rec«lTeT, On mmmttfiT 
S, li^l, jwflj^tBt wft» efi%«T«d In t*»# Qbo ?*'«ifKmt« |tT©©e«dlft^ 
to th® effect tfe»t tisere »i» ae-iwT feny suefc ciorp®rjit:lo» ii« th« 
S^9» So«e»-«iroiaI ©©rpdamtl^m, for tft® re*«on that t-^-* of tl»e 
1*ir«« p»r«0R9 whf^ fll*j€ the fM!«.p«y» witb %'m stayttary of f^tsit* 
wtr« ali«wi «.a4 imMT tK» law s cwyt^omtion oovtlcs not fe« 
faxmed e3KC»sf»t ly tfert© or ««>Tf eitls«ii« of the l^nlt«d Stas,t««« 
Six 4».y© i»t«T, or. l/®G«^i«ii^T 8th> Ko«» SB'* --'is »lf» »«!•« 
«4|u<lg«d tmtkkrtipt im %k9 F«d«r&I Oourt. 7^« evidt^aoe furth^f 
»]^#v» t^t plmiatlffs fil«d t^^iir $3,%iei iert^« |S«00#*00 Ia 



^,f-. 









a: :■?•;■'? 'fa %7- 



9l 



»^i 









:M*f:f "■ 



ttie tmnkr^.^ptoy prooe«>dLiag* wad tKint Imter vere paid a 
diTld«m<i of 6| peroftnt. fhi» ««« thf flrtt «tnd fia»l 
diTld#ad« naialilff* offered <»«mtl«<l eopl«« of eertfeln 
of t'eprooeeaingfi fUtdi la tli® ^nkruptoy prooerdlng», 

n&intlffft tjosstffaa tl?»t t!5i# judf^^nt I9 «r]rong 

and shviwia te# i«#tr«r»«d be«^.iMi# th^ w«r« entitled t» 
mBitailtt tb«Eir c»iSi«« «a«^er t'^e 0'«!«8aa law «« art »crlio^> f«r 
fyaud sail d«c«it, ®ricf. tteat th«gr »ey€ *..l»o eatltl «*■:?. to a. 
Judig^tBt ^ viTtu* ©f *>*# prtjvlsldna of »«etlf>ii lit of 
tbe {i0i'vv>iF®.tiQ'B .^ot, i*hi.sg5 ««©tl<3m i»ir«rrl«S«ni tMt, "if ?j.tqr 
per»o« or ,f>«t»©aji being, ©r i^rtttadiag to be «« ©fflc«ip 
9T «g«iit Of t^mtd «>f eiirectdr© ©f a«y o©jrr*stsmtl;2li# ©J" 

«oyp«riktlon befere It fees is®*© is«t'~:Hairi««d to do l>ti»ia«(8'^» 
tti!L<i«r th«* laiwi of ■^*ia ©tat*, tfeoa 'i&«f (fsfessll lie Jointly 
find 9«v<^irfelly' li.!^%il@ fair %11 d^bts s^ad U&t»ilit]re« at%d« 
toy l*sea aad o©»traot«d in th# aaase of ssueb oorrKsratlfea 
9T pret^aded eorfjorati'SB, ^a.d sii^ita »t l&i» «fe%li Use par^st- 
cmted tteer«>f03!* fey or»dlt®r» iadlTldu^lly," 

fb« ffetajry of _;-l«.- atiff«« ok-««,«is all«g«d in t>**t» 
dtols-y^ti^sftt ^^ tbat Ifc^y te.ad ■|j«!«ni dof r&ud«4 out of tfeel* 
moa»y tby«>u^, tfi«» fTsstidmloa* i?epie«3#ntatioas of K<»«« And 14»« 
d»feai'!S(.at w<&llidk» /wtjlcfe ■|rtpr0»eat»*iO!Mi tfeoy rtli«d u»o»| 
i^at tli# f7duS.ulefit repr««*'-!it»ti<'ao m^rt tbst tfeoy w»r« 
©ffir^«r» of t>»^ liniOl^ 0©«as«roial «^y.?&f*tloB, pOosOftnlllig 
li&Tgfi £Mif<ttH O0ELiii0ti&g of ^oth. |i«78onAl iiMl ico^l ffopertf* 



«K^ 



* him, *«»\'*' t: : 






^vT; ' ': 



..7.. ..;,.• . . ;-. . M-.-'sJ'^SrS 



^.■■f:?.'^!*:?^*'? 'cr^ .'ff*'-' 






:''>(^t SR:. 



•8» 
Pl«.iiitiff»» »v-ldftrio* we thiok ol«airly 8how«<5, th*it swoh 

tti« o«>TposfttloA «»s act Ittgslljr 9r^ni]red !^&d th&t It hatd 
n8ii«t« of Iittl« 'vmluftj tMf matii ir#Hl «et&te 'P^l<i> via 
rep?«Be!R%««3 t« pU-lttiffe a« belonging to tbe oerpomtloa 
did net belmig to it ©r t« Soimi or hit islfft^ But w« »r« 
&I.OO of tt^e opiftlan thst it i& i^mtXy ^lear* st l6».at 
tfe« Jiskrjr w»r^ ?K*.ry«.-»t6d in fl««aiBg ».» they dl-:*:, th&t 
&D.itrl#« s. ieil&k, %h9 ^^tmiM^tt M.A notbiag of %ny 
e0i3y»«<§ii,enee t© insJinse pi»l»tiff«i to i»rt i?li^. tfeslT gi<»n«»f, 

l«Ae«« bad mo pydpsrly, -m-n golag t© «fl*i'9®l «m«3 tBie«vorlag 
to »%k« R f«» (i»l.lifeif» la th» «T«iaiB(|, am^ t^t h* ■«&« ««• 
ployed W ifow** >«t b*5f®j« fetitjg m ««i;jloyi>d h« t»ld hia 
h^ woyli lisir« to ■ttJt^torilBt f®r #ts>^ ia th« #0Ts.»OT'*,tl®ii* 
It 1» cl»%T tfe%t ^^oiliiiJt -fm,.n *Ji5tiy«ly d»aiitt«tsd tv/ fooa 
«»d hftd Httlii* or !B.ot>'!iaf t© ^-So with tfe® «»tt«i. "so »to 
of t&« ©pjiii^ii tisat, not osly did t??« evid-ea,©® irarTmat 
mn fittfiiag of the Jwry tl5i*t wollssJt dl4 aot liolp to Induoft 
plaintiffs t«* isajrt «it^ %b«lr ajoa^» '^t thn.t ^je wh® sl«o 
ool&dlod ter i>l*listiffB o«t of u 150.00 Uborty aond stud 
the ^Q3rit whiofc h« did, ?•■« think no yo»diot cosr,,;ld staad, 
)»ii«iod xxp&n tbe «i.ll»|^tioiHi of \he doOliftx^otio»» oxoojpt oao 
in fm9W of th.f d^fos^e-a^ 

So^ piftitttiff oospXaiios that t^# eoort orrod la 
re*a«i«f to p«r»it ^^m t& iBtro<fe,o« any »irid^nof of e*I^• 

taia .i>¥oo«<@di&^ msid €g»emmentsi in tho ^skruptoy i^tt#r« 
If tht^r^ »&t esiroir ia this ruling, pX».i»ttff« hoto in oo 
oof lajurtd* beeituso th«y psroTod tt.e oatt^r by %hM tootlnoay 



f 



mm i^yisiK 0*i3ejf4?<i i:«*« 4tsndm ?■'-«?* i 
tttA«£ t* ^/SiiK*!?} T^-T^sa v, 



'».R''r■5it•J?^«Jff, 









■''»«#«liet««affi 



sTSw; 



. i-?4 '>SJ KM*-?;?- 






1^tiMH»m>'ii/'i^ MAIS' 



.r^i,* 4«if ^ %it^^im. ^^ p^v- 



^«w 



•9* 

Of thit pl«datlffs *h*!««#lT#« mc^l otb^ir *itn*»««(i. Further 
ooffipli^i&t it 9i»d« t© ^'« }fliM»g "s^n.l refusal of in»tr»otlo&s, 
twt ?rfe»t »• hftve a«l(3 win'l^ys 11; \»i»eoe«9.«iry t& dlaonaat 
1llk««i htiTf), 9lnc« ir« »re eleaxly of tl^« dp.fti^i t»i£t «• 

tilt 3tt%si«*ft% ©f t?« Oiroijit aavrt ©f Coolt Oo'-aaty 
l« ^.fflrm«4. 



tmmsm^ i-*,a, m© fm%m,^ j, ^*jiim%- 



;!^;!"^-.. J> ^..J. Y^- : ^M 



T^«..;av -* 



48 4 %0S»4 

\ 



■fp» r, ai<»|iiscii^ 







) 



or 05aq443o. 
I A f^ A 



1^ opinion filed MarolO, 1926, 



U jmmxm tMim. dellwrei tfe« aplBAan of 



thf oov,,.ft. 



On ApyU, f^# ItfS, tfejs plsiiittiff, Shi«g© title 

fJVt^ a- e1;».%«««iBt of «liiim Ml JSiiSSM. ^^^ * Juilpn^it note 
In tfe.«t M,unicip^l emiirtj» ^n&. obls^iat'd 4ud|'c«@».t «g*ii»«t 

%n<l »«t ft8i<l#» Ana tbst li« btt glT«a l@3ir« to stistjce « dcff'-t'ise. 
In tii« affl^ifit ta impp©»t of Ifest «®tlc»a, tli<& -^.^f^mdJitat 
clsla**! that the pr&mX»moTf not« oa ?rhl0fe |udi|p«»t vmtt 

imtey«* wa« sis«®wt«d by IjIm. wltfemst way go»,tililey»tloa, a«i<l 

$t»te mmki %tm% it w.e ©ijade^ % l»i« %a<S dtellrered to th# 

®f totlBg j»8^tiat««i for th« benssfit of tfest S»mk) tMt It 
im» net iold sir Beg«>tl&t«4, »nd <*did sot In sisy fora bOGMft 
% Xl»'t»ili47 &f tfela deffiu ■"■*»% «atil th* fftll«T« of «.«ld 



.asei »^\r.xp^i b3i::l ncixxx^O 



internatiemfel 0t»t« Bmalt, nor to the pr«!«ent tismi* tfest 
It never 'b««&ne the pi^p^-rty of ih« B«n^ «^%:ecpt »tt &eo«imio» 
d».tlon |»!<<p«r» executed W 1^1% the §«f«ii<i»nt* for tli« «cgeM- 
i80*»iti®o ©f the jf)tti»m»tl£)aKl stst* .B»Bk# 

% tfe« »iS4Re 4^f0 && ©r<l«T «».« *»st®re«l the.* the 
Jii4ip8#iit l»e ©i^nftd 8»a l*8.ir«' iMi glVf^tt t® tht .i«f«sd« t t« 
»|jRj«t.r ^mii tmkM » <St.feR8«; ttot a trial ©f t&e ©»,«»« b* fe-Ei 
BOtwit^s?t»sa4liig the jiad^«Et| tli®.t tb€t jvs4^«ttt etetmd «« 
security, m4. ^m% ifeis Erftaa-nt fllfd witfe tht aiotl&n 
iBt?%tt4 »8 an affla«^Ti,t s»f atritB f»T tl>« defcaci ;«jRt. 

th^T* iTi&i a %ti.ti\ tjiufsre l^t os^yt^ wltn9«t 
a. Juyy, %.n.ti t« May 10, 1^4, th^ cr^yirt f^'j»4 tfe-at ©r tfe« 
d'^st® of %ht ®s&ti?y «^f %|j« ^W'igfuBist, tlieyt wss d%i« fy^as th# 
def«ti«?:snt ^ tte# pltiutiff %h% 9\m &t I14,6S4,1T, ^lud^ast 
wine «Bt«?y«d o« tfeAt fiftdlttgik *-si<^ *^-«* tfee Jwdpsent feiwHPtly 
^attrca a#Litt8t th» d,®f«tti'?mt t-.y eo«fe©aioB stast oomfiirs^d 



08 l»tlss.lf ®i: the pl!i$.i»tiff Ifce a@tt? in «i«ie8tldfi. It %b » 

alB«ty ^y» »lt«je tate t© tbt ©Jta^r ©f the iaterB^tloBal 
i%ftt« Safik, wlt^ i»tpr#gt at «^ »rt«r dat#, watil paid, 
slgaed by tht d^fenaejit w, F, M<^la«oa jsai «3<S.orsed, 

* liite«aa.tl?*aal 9't&t# icuaJc, S, Brsi<l®w8ky. * 

^« m%^nn<m Its t& whether t>(« not« itjmi giv«a 

for th€ i)t$;4M»ibi^aatidii of tl^e lateTnatiemsI 3t»t« :iiiiik 






,'^o-i;i i:Mtti>i.r<'; -^. Jl'fi'JftJ? 



%<5f ^!Rf.T"*ft 



*V''-' f::i^ ^f-- :. ..r) ^r.* fiO'i'ip'. 



9f tmbmt- i-f^ 



;) fnfifmi 






%;::? 



imi^mmftsil :fv;a??\a^ijfeai«»©jt ^*!f i? ■««t^ 



otmolsts chiefly of the tfratitsony ©f the ^Bfenisat hlasplf, 

t9X th« plaintiff. 

©fe daiT«eli #«*,«l»«tlim Ui«^.msft» t©ttified thr.t 
im 1SS2 fe« ima « bond l>r©te«?r} %fe#t n«gotlation« fox aaalclng 
tfes not* te ^ti«stlon toe* P'lsoc b«tT»jeja tit» ;««d ftrt&tli.»»kjr» 
Pwsi^cnt ttf ^& Ifesk} tl3SLt Byaftlawttjr tol^ fei» tl*at a t$m 
<5^fte ptioT to M©^«istMir I§, 10Sf>, tfe® toftSc w*« liid#^t«d to 
the 9ostiaeat«l &b4 OossseToial ;.«»te. to t)i« assruat af |lS,fXH3 
or 1^4*000; that th« Ooatl&eatal «a4 OoasOTolal B«..nk «>tt>te 
fells tbst If he wss5.il d tirlsg:, kla SlekliiRo«»« i6©t«, th<* 
CoBtinetital an<i ooameTolal Eb.»k voi^ld disooimt it* tbat 
that ««uXd wipe dut th« 3is&k*t iad<s^te^«'$s to th* C^ntia- 
€«tsl and CJ©®m«?r9lfsl l^aitj tfefet Is®, tb^ ■wltasese^ »©«©?!*• 
Iftgly^ ei»d« @ut th<» isotft »Bd» l»«liig a direertos' of th« i^ak« 
l^'VO t^e note to ke«p tfe« l^j&k fz@» &«08«iiig b&nkrupt; th«t 
ait th&t tt«« fe« ©wne^ ten sbstar^g of tfeo l»iik»« «tooic} that 
Brauilstwaky told fel« tte»t the ftenk i«« pT?!f«ed for ««n«y *.ttdl 
would t.%k« Q^-tn of thf" n@t»; tbtit fir%ol«w«ley »&l<i« ^ho 
vmild t*k« eitJP® of t^.# ^ptar, 1 s««d not feot5*<«r utosmt it;* 
■^6t ls«p t^« wilaRfeskSt reo*tived, sotblug aad wiuai pi-osilsed 
»otfel»^ for tfee aoto, Jotlowi.ag the <5iefea'*.*Bt «■« * wit* 
»#§», aa« lltt»«ow «st.#i €s«.ll«fcl fOT tho d»feBf*.s»t, »»d ti-^Ktl- 
fltd tl!*.t ii« *»« aii. 4i8feiistfeat 0^»tii&w ©f th« 8%»k ptXQT 
to lt» f&ilufoj tb^t h» wkB taot preeoat fet tbs tt«« th« 
note la c|&««tlmi i^ao «3t«oyted« and did not k»ow if ».ny^ 

tblag Witt ps«8»4 t© Ifee oredlt of or paid to tfe« 4«fend» 



,#tc ?;*?":: -tl-i' 



r4 V 



i^^/i ?>*i-Liii)l 



w^- 



.J&R-* f«#(^«J ^*«*15 ••'l»A«|l!f»t«f 'fe. 



*-i 



aat at thr ti«« t35« rtOt« w»« «x«cut#d, tltftt h« ^X^. not 
toiow of DRjr ©# th« 8i»«t« or iproperty of tb?t BjrnJt tseing 
puld to tb« <ief«ni;mat for tb-e i)Oi||»id«rsti-da ©f th« n©t«; 
HKI^t %m plifclBttff a»>df » ae»9a<l xipotk tfe« d«f»nd¥at fo? 
P8.ya«a% of tte* fi®t<& «>« f«ferumr3r 14, I'SS^t* At tbe «sl©»« 
9f iaa«iT *<?stimoa|r, tfe» d«tfftiaa?^mt yj^sted, 

tfc« |jl*latiff tb»:Ci i» m\pf^3Tt ©f ^t: ji»dg-is.«st 
iatit><$iio#«t tfe#* t€r«tl®®a3r of a«««la»«lty^ ^« ?T#std»at of 

tte« !3Sfea.te. Hl38 t«!etls©»f, ia aufejitis&ot, i» »» f©llQv»j 

II* first mmm^ ^G^mlntM nm th» ^i@fOTfte.®t i» ««r, 

I9t2, »ii«Hi fe0 fe»tl »!»« stg®ti».tio8t with blat eoasftKBAfig 

««»€ te-eaaa, ?h» ^l^f^^aAeut told lil,m tfeat fe« wsstit the agent • •■' 

f©r t^« S©ll«g0 &mX & Ulaiag <)&mpmf (fc^r^iaitfter o€L®4 

of tiMs <3^1 c©iB|».)^} ;-md If %h« Bgsjaic ifQtJl^ iai<!ftft*k.e t© f«ll r^ad 
b«««»e his iwsrtoaet la tt»# ®3?-l« ©f tfeose l«3Bdi». tlb* 0<miX 
<]^iKp».ay «ms adiliag to f«iy ft fO^ eftss^lsni^a, tlfsa^t !». 
|S@»©00 ^K«l»«ioa m tfe« piO,C^s«ja!3 l«®^, m tol4l tb,» 
d*f«!Beisat tfett tfoe feak feigtd at-Tfer dcvs« «.«ytl*ii*g in T*i;.t.pA 
t0 f*«sUlag D^ncisi tfeat he 1S11.9 B©t. iatey»»t«« la tli» 0ff«t. 
tfe« d#f®»ds.at o»»® fesi.«ik tk« aeirt ««y »a<S' »al^ that he h&d 
tMMl' thirty y«&r» «iKp«rl«ao« s-e a 'aoa^S brok«rt ««<i «li Ji« 
4««lred w»« t® m»« tfe« m-m «f tl»« Baak la oirdeT to ««U 
tha bdatla; tfeat It im« v#»y bard to sell braids as J»n iadlTtd- 
ual, M#, 1^« ^ItaesK!, advised ttee teftao&at ta eaaa^lt with 
»^. isoasia, a laayer »a4» slsa, a ^3e«<otey of the i«nk, «aa 
if S@stt&a fmnd tfe« b©ri4« to be good, tee, ih* wlthaaa, would 
b.tif« ao »b3#©tl^flL, f®w»T«« the aad of my, ISSt, <?; wnitaa 
f^atsaot waa «a%er#4l lata txitwaiiin %h% S-jal Q^Mpmmf --^-v ■■•:■-■■. 



••^nt 



t-™, '^t^-- *^ t**?^ J: 



i^H'^a A# t* i?ti; 






« «/ 






^.® iJ"**« «># #:5*j«?t'«- 



fe«9«S0. ■, 



S!^ 



♦ •Tfr;: 



^i»^. |tJUXi'x%« »t 



■ i'%X^&4 .sm M^ -i^m^ &i#»> ««: ^3- 






'X#d|>i); 



f iji ft'^lif . 



i*fcflK<*«jig •-«:';'' 



snd ^<i Q^nk« vhi^T^yf the Bnnk ismdertoolt to 8«1I ^« 

|350#00fji of tfee ao-Rl C0!!i!T:?«ny'» boada, upon irt«lds tb* R«nk 
watt to wcf-<lir« SO^ «»&tn!iiiti9ia«, fh« ^»lr hed H}** i<»dA»>ni 

9op]r of a Ata.te««':Bt mside tff &«ttsiin <tni4B«eir« in <%lo«tgo« 
i*jo hs>d b«ea seat <fe8»» to »x:«,raj.ne tte© «os.l i»r»p«rti»», 

fli« l^.fik sold $1^000 ®T the !i»csitd« SkwX-^ flBRlly, ia October, 
1^3, gave up ts^rlng to a«ll th^m, fht Sajak »eaBv!iil«!, 
in Oetolwtr, 19351, had bres ©©tlfled hy tli« *t«t« .^tiOlter 

aot to h»fitdl« the bofii48, r£>llo%lftg tkmt, %he defe&.>^&t» 
i&o^ttajft nuiS tfe« ^ttness^ «at«ifed Imt© s.a s.gye4»6«at t© »ell tlj« 
iMtadfE* i© «XfS'e»s etsattact i»8 &Bt«T#d lnts» lay '^e** wl<*i- 
"^« Oo*! %«^i^« App«y*ntljp, tfee «®»t c^otraet tb«.t fe«id 

aa<t a© »«» ©a® sts^. The oeattmet b#t;i!f«eii th« tfere®, 
tfe« witsea®, tttt 4mftm?Mtk% R»d, i©©aek», ir»« dat«d Oetote^f 
1, liSS, «i@&»d bf tfe« tferec aadi prondtfl tfeat «« tb«jr 
Itftd eiitei*d lato a. oont**©* fdtfii the Qiml Oiissp'^ny ts s?tll 
|tse,©©© «f tJi« fe^aad® of tir&t "lom^ixf, »ttd thigr »«?« t© 
l^f ^t S««l 0©Sip!Ray tt0»O§ fey m-^h 110© df h&M» s«>l*t» 
4^ »-« a^p^ed Iqr (KSvI iwitift^a ttet ti?rt« ■pm.T%i*& tMt tJst* 
^3mflt» aa tfe« s«l«! ©f t'foe bcra&fi «e?e to l»« dl«tri)»cste4 
«« f©ll0ip«: 17.00 ®f eftdfe flOO.OO o-f bondM eolA, to gi© to 
^9 4«f«]i4mt} |d*@0 t9 ihM vitae«8; p.OC t«» «ioom^m, ^^iid 
I4U00 f©r «KiMm»fi«| t&tt If th# «xp«o«e8 ttti-aed ov^t to tee 
91970 titaa tl^@ «^iiv»jat «stliiat«d» tb<m fela* th9 %ltn«as*s 
»luuNHi aa^ ]lo«»»a.ii*a »«r« ts be re(Juc«4 piroTsortlonattly. 

After ttit&t a&ntr&et wm* »ft-a«, t&ey «tart«d to 
soil boadUi« &ii(!i v'«Rt t# •&»« expfrmso la sftklag oelee* &bot».t 

tliBit tlsat ^B (l«ir»R'i&&t «oai to 1^« office of the HtBea» 



m\^i* 



«-^ ff-J&-*H{:? 



:X3i# «!»«, 



vU'' '" !? fe«!«i?«Ji 



f ^.-.t' 






and t&ld hl« th«t tb*?r* ir^e » not© of th« Prir«ld«mt of th« 

Q«)*Jl (?<s»?5ft»y t&r #5100»0C>, whicte r?»B dttt to th6fsisr»er o»n«rt 
ef the ooftl siimft* whieb liaa to 1»# i»«i^; t}mt If It w«s not 
Ijaid, th*'' far»«» o»iiPr» of t>h*s mJn^*?? »ow?d m-vn* troi/blt 1b 
the selling ef th« b&ad», f^** laiiik thffn pstls? the note, 
furl -.me Iteas of er.pwnM^ hm4 Ijefn lacmrre^ bjr th« S!»i»k 
in &t^mT to biriiig-, j&tooxit e- e»le of th# N>n<Ss, At thw i&ut- 
set the %&):: feftfS pyintaA S©,0€^0 dlrm£)«re rin^ ptoepe^otueea, 
the t»t.«l »jr|j«iMi«s of R^vfertieijsg, ®f eag:ia©©3pe wh© fea.^. 
I»««B »«R.t to fh* aiia«» t© i»ve«ti.§«.te, »s-c; for agfii^te to 
sell '^le bo»cl»» sad for olerks, wa.« sltogctbey about 17,000} 
tfeitt »&« in s4d.iti0Ti to tiie iSieo, i«hlob «i%.8 imid out hy the 
B(ink« ^ea aakedi ho«r atuob ^« flgiik: paid fay tdrertlelng 
exp^msee, be aaaiN^re^, *I pers'snally dldia»t wstnt thts a&nlc 
simll pfey all theee dispenses, ^wi tat t3i»t tm»9n 1 mid 
these »ie'gr#«i®ta. T!s« iaate paid tfetf* expeaaes »a4 ehaTgesl 
to «y s-seoimt la tfe» 88©!;, the ispfsk s^&vged to my ssoov-vunt, 
iFhtah **» wot oove?«ii by ae,* tise |?,©O0«©O mnd the tsioc^.oo 
•©ere csJiarged t© feis aoeownt, Junt prls»r to Oetsb^r 16, 
he to\<k tht ^efea-'*j%.nt in tVna^ pT^99>nm of f©«»iiiRa, tbi«,t he, the 
defeiii^it, fead Tp'p^»i«#fl to sell th*» bon^-« ^t^^ fe»4l eaift every 
<lsgr tfe^t fe# t*«i4 sol^ tl5e feonde, mnsS. tl>»t ia a fe« dstya he 
WQuld ^ve 1^# «©ftey. Be tolA the -^etumdant tb&t tfe# Bank 
mm aXrefe<iy *t ft» expense of #I1,O0G, isiKi tfest t^ee exipeaeee 
nvmt 1>€ ooveyea st onoe, beesettee tbe 5?t»te Atsdltor wae de» 
i^ndiag it, ssad 'feeoauee he aad jjoo^uti mete loeisg o^nfldeaoe 
ia hl«, the di«^r^i4*»*, ftn^ tei»t ise would like to get rid of 
the irh@le densl ^.nd. «i^.le eeme tettle««nt. tbe thre*-' of the« 
hsi.4 & ai#.etlligc ^&& *it was aeelded ^at Mr. ^0&in»oa 1« - 
sovariag the total expeate^ of tlie l»teirasttloa«^l state ^nkj* 






r' . ■ ■ ■ ' 



v*.:^i;<5i 









i*j8^*st:^ ';^>iS»i|il# i«(*> 



-7- 

••wiH <3©v«r the total •3rp«M«s i»iid« by the latspynatl:**! 
S-|s.t;e ll»nk; «i|) to lov««l>«7 15, 19s:-'-, It «r<^8 figarftd ovit toy 

tXS,000» sag foT ttm.% Uv Oiotiasoa la going to y«o«lT« 
OT»r 30^ caswssiseioiSi, ii?iiloh first th^ )»bak ««.» eatltlftd to» 
*ad thea we ttorw* wftye ^ntltltd t©!* that h», tfe« wlt&«8«« 

sad itsoooaa «*t« goiag to l^lura cwsy thtiy iat«ip««t in ttte 
iSO,t)OS h^mm wiMier ^,« «>afr^et t» ^lekinsom, »^nA *Jif wa* 
going to pSkf up t'nl© iBa«tet«?dft®»«#« the d^sftn-.^js-Ht told 
feiat, th€ wltn«<ii?., *i sffl going i& fe ifey ot two t« s«ll at 
l«8.«t ^SMi»©0C of ibonds, ».ad •«« *tTl ti^i^w i»itiil> mmnnf to 
«jveir thi« «hoiPt®g« mt tb<s ^.sUt.* •^«b Mx, 0ioli:iaa<m 
mp'««4 to ^T«f tfee «sp«»e«- it was 4**«l5i«d %o t«k@ o«t 
fif«f« tfet ^ok« tfc» exf^Riit irhi«jh te%» k%(|« ia #»]9R©@ti«a 
»itb tb««e b<«»^, whl«fe ssio\i»t€« t© ai*e?vt t-T,©O5>»0O ».«d 
«lilfij! wa« c*»rg«s^ to wi|r (the -wttisssg'sl »ee0\iiatj isl»o 
It. i^<ia»ft b*5 tsfe.4» ft new tinftst de«d for th#?i« tesad* aa 
«hicla fe« wfi.8 workiaf^ f®? four ay flvo »<mtfe», '^■^d M al»o 
d«ffi-sad«d of Ut, &iQkinm^n th&t he tshi^ll ^ paid i*4,<)0;' .00 
fof tliooo oo-yrlets!,* •when awkRd, *■«'&». t did oiokiasoa «ay to 
tli&tt* ^« «lta«6« naot^^rodt ^^n^avt »t. 8<io»sta the ^n.it 
^8 ea 8>0Ooaat of $4k^mo^m, -a^iloh Sy, Mooaaa is ©iPlng to 
tlfc« B»»k, ^id. tfefta It «raiB d»«ld«d tfent ^f. iooBJ^n** bill 
l># paid ^ Mr« Moklasoa to ^« 9&ak« s^ad for tbitt i>«!$^»oa 
t1ft«riN» imo wi|K»d out frmt tb«< b«okB of th« Bank tbo |4«430O 
%o@ouat of ^ti, ioottityii, »&d t7*0Q0 ob«.rg«d »f%Lfist »«• 
it waa al&out |3ll,lB6.S§,* !^ea ?-«3to4» *ir«i.» tfefeyfe cvtT 
%ay d0ew«iSBt l«f t fey j^a la tfee SRtik or Tsult ahowlag tbo 
saatiatt* fee, tijo wttaestr, Ra8?r«rt8Kl» ''Y^s, in tBo ▼ault of 
tfe# HbsIe mkm pit a sl.i|5 a® m.^> In th? varult hayiag ay al^ 



!«" 



•0 '? ''^ 



»^in> 









o ^.;^Ti*l Ti?* 



•v2.f.:^A* if--'jri^?-?rw»?js ?!».»'•■; •^;"f» 






-8- 

mm. ft«kM *mmt aid MX. moltlntoR m tJsrnt* 
til* iPitse«s ®a«iipeT#4# *MT, lii o;?. lBs?0ii g^w his n«t« to th« 
Bssfik to mmT« tM« «itfi& in %h% t*«lt, of .|1I,OOC,« th» 
rtft»©» tb« ftt--SHi»t *»« llJ.OCCf ami not fll,lS«.3S, mt 
btmuse tte«! mt.^ iit tfe* t«,ult »&« mJff ©a ^^aveaslwr 0, s^a* 
teetTretm tfeat tiaae saad .sovfslwff XS, ^«»oii&«i figured otit 
tlaert-' fear* been «p«»t *?«%«»«» IISOO j-M 11900 more in 
n«^ioii wlt*i ^e :p3r®sa0tlsig ©f the feoiid«, tfet s*3Rey wfeicte 
tm.fi 'fe««® patA t© #se «g#mtsi, 

mwi mmk^ 13^ tfe€ m>^t% ^f km, tfe» *ltat«», 
t0©k «. aote, aad ^jr fM.ek.ltm.^u $X€ ®®t |j«f o&n^,, ths ^?4t- 
atS6 ife3ft»*©f««, *B««few^®« t dBmfm^M msfe. Mif, Ui«iciJi»»i» 
wsnt^ii t^ ,«g»r*k to :iTt him i l0»a ©a this sott, teii.t J 
y^fuatd to f.iv« hiM a lm*B, *ad i; a®lt tfestt s;. loan by meef^ 
aa« f jr««i tfe*^ lte,7,j& imiit "N ti^pTO-VRd tejr tfe« dir#et»r»,* 
^©a fet*e4 fey the mnr% kefir fe«„ tfe* rifes«t®, «»«# to tvke 
«fee »ot«» fe# am»-^«ip€'4; *Fi»'®t, I tcseri hi» ft®t« b*o«ti»© 

goiiif t« pa]?- msife ■©% tk« mlt ©f t5S,.C»D ©f th«5 tf^mmi %im% 
t|j-,«y w«« felr#fe^ sold, aM fe« it«»v-.ld feare th«i m«fe itt a 
<I»T ®y %«»•*» ife#B. ^ftkeA fef tfe« ©owyt, "i^y dl^'t yM^ i^^'-lt -■. 
t«r© a* tfeF«« «l«y®t* '^« irltaess «a»Tsi?»#d, *'S«e»\i)»e l ir&« 
tit«4 &f rs-ltiiai; Mid we wenttd t0 h-avt sose «!©e«apity fend sioat 

stoo-s'iBg t^r^t h« fPfts williag t© jm|f thi» CKpenae,* flsf re»s0a 
m si©t« m« ii9t tatea for llS^eoe ot fl7,000» osvtriag tb.« 
i?,@©© Mini.»®«4 '^ tte« ^.ak, sM tfe« Soeoan I4,0<:XJ amA tfet 
iSie^, ms it€te,M»» i40©astB ».b4 ;;5iiecijie®» (Hs-eid*-* th«t «fe» 

%■&©©#, m a mftttty af ff-,«rt, tfee f4r«f.ii©t« tlit.t m« «a.de eat 
mm m€» mt for #1?#0©0, naa ^ea «f?8ti^y«4» m4 a«i®tfe«r m^ 



i».:: 



. ^^V' 



Mti^js a^ifji" 



mx%0 the on« ia quetrtl^n* fev ^IS^OOO; thmt vat dioa* about 
Ho^eml^er 3 or 2. 

On (»dT««b«r IS^ t^$ setter vfts cl38«d up» %ad 
aothiag furth*^? done. The ^yA i-t tbst tiis* had •c«» of 
tfet bondis« probn]t»Xf to th« cxtfBt 9t tlOO,000, ^htn asktft 
if «&y Itosds were tuxtied ^vtt to Olfliklnsea »% thf^ tiae th« 
M»t$ irt • wid6« t^« *itae8B enwsrer^d, * Fifty Fire Th^u»»s.nd; 
MoklTwon always tela |§0,500, t»r© «e«iui ».ft«r that tl«a»» 
%hn BKitk «mft Gloe#d. C^ D«ti«&h%T S* I9B&, » box «%• rented 
In th« r^etmrity ?rust l> ^posit OcMeps^ny^ ia ^e bab« df 
1^« Cl&ll«g» 0(E»ft3> A Mlaiag at;>JS|>aiiy, by him* the tritneee* 
'^hleli wst-a rea!t.f»d nt th« «ugf«stioa of aiekiB«oa, beotiixa 
It* l«id tone deei^tatfis €»f tl$« a@«il. as^rf&a/, f1l« box imt la 
bettt a>^i»ea. liekiaftoa t^l^ l^lii t^'^t tl^« box was aeoeesary 
ia oyder t© ii«T»»«it tfee trust il»«d» ooatraot aad isoae oth«r 
]p«tp«ra atotsJi ht wmA^ like t-:^ e«>aw to |t«aplt la €s3>aa««tloa 
witli tbe te^a Qf th« "«oad»« 8«, tfee witjj«a«, *«nt to tfe« 
box ««Bvei%l tlaite. It m&a «b9vt ^^▼•tibftr 15 w|h>a h« tura«d 
oirwr |SO,or*0 or f§e#SOO of th« feoads. thtre was irtill ia 
tfe« feaada of tH« Baak «o««tbiag ov«t tloO»0OO la tht bonds, 
W&mk a»it«4 how it b8pp«fa«d that fc# t«me4 «▼§? only part 
9f tbe be^te %a^ if tb^r^ vi^^ % mmr-ltft* 8ettlft»«*nt» ha 
aasv«7«4* ^^last b«a!v.u8« it «»« ^K^e^d th«t ¥r. 0ieliaa9a 
«a« ft\Oiag to rec^irt the total eo^mlsBloa ■eblch t^.'« 8*ak 
was t© r«e«lv»j«» #1^,000 Mr. l>i«*:inss»n iRtataft to h&va 
f»7a»d av«r to biB« tb •<|aRl tb«r O6«^issioa« t!^«0& •* 
Althoxij^hHia b€>Bda all tlm tisia wer* th« property of the 

Ck^BQMffltyj to did not Irndw wby, wbea tbci aota w^« sad'> out 



v^ %»i 



■^ird ^^ 



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t« tbe BuLXkkp 6ll th« bonds w«re not rfttt3Tii«4 to t''» 4«* 
f«nd<^nt. So d»nl*d ^mt at t'sfF tiine the bo« l» tb« -ftowrlty 
Trust Ic !^t)08it Oti^ati^njr «a« ront«<i|i on De<^«a»]D«]r 9* thftt tb« 
b«Bdo wf^Tiif t»-ic«a mad <i(»m&i%%& la thsit box in t!xe Joiat 
ftoootmt of biaa»elf s*a<t aioklnsoa, «.nd di^nieA thftt he took: 
frO!& tb«$ liox 0«rt&ln of tfcc* laond* eioifi »9ld thms hiaoolf, 
Tfeo oxpeaoo of $7,0»00 w!^* asj.^ie up of tbe f<-jlloisriBg: t3,Q00 
for advertlolag, ^S&OO for frlntiag t^nd pliotogr»i^« nude of 
the aittts-i ^§00 t© tho eiicia«ei»* ll,"0-0 to agfiito nvA 
ttftl«s«03i« fhBte mffT^ abovt » Aot«]ii st«^l«)sa«n working for tv9 
Mimt&«} &l»Ot IfeftTff *&» sa »«|»«n3i« of nts^^it tSO©.00 for 
«t&ja|Hl, 8-ad t-ii&O.OO for oltrlco. ©» the l)o©lt« of t*i# Barik 
It «BUi j^argfd «.^«ist hl«, l« va^^-s ta give d»t hl« p#r«oa:%i 
eh«ok ia ^«- a^Me ®f t?r»« «t»»sta»-iMi«'rles&a Baroaii* *fhe 9%r4k 
fHsld ©«t «Bd ©l;t»rgod et|i!«-.i»iit the aetrottut of t^i* Ett8«(fl*»- 
Aawrioan aaroio*, s-nd wh«» t&t aeoo^iiit »?>« orerdntwn #7,000, 
tbon I, told Kr. 0iotl»i©a, I»a sot H-otiif ta f»®,y anir sort.* 
lfe« isi»ei%»»4a^j!'lsmn DuroKo lactsotsat w^e overdrmim stboist 
i7»O0D. 0.n M©v<?:«ib€r lit, !•;», Ife© irltiitM, *»€ Kofc-asija told 
Mokla^on, *tto*t »ll t^ wbolr expenses of ti'i& m-nk h?!»a to 
1am %mi6. iff m.mh0 &nd M<^iB@on ^roslsed, ^aS omlf?. in t-wo 
Off tferec days h« w»b going to toll t.h« bonds,'* T'^ey told 
tfco d#feB4aaat th*t th»y were ^ing ts itoop th« not,« until 
fcio psld %tm toktth ajoney ta the l^cjk. The nott «i«id* out for 
♦lS,€^0 ««mtfeln»d, in addition to tho |4,»oc? snsl *7,G00, 
oortala otfe«r iteseji ftnd txfJonR©* a.aKOBBting affj^rof* matoly 
to |3,^^00| tMt M&omn ««,d€ t6« 8l^t«»aest of the Iteao* ^o 
Interest %ep t@ ^:@Yft»ber Ig ff&m Inoludod, tlS,000 vmn ^vmt 
tbo «r»R (wo^at of atonciy tb.«t had feoen £air%need. Tbo #5100 
dwe to tho pwmrl^xm o»n«r« of tl» ooal ^©apany fead b«im |j«id 






^H ^i^i 



liSfM •; 



I^-ii 



^■•'■iF:.n?fqy.-f 



• aixi 4is« iii "jj^^ifjAft^ 



-IX- 

bjr 1fe» 8RT5lt. fh« Btuiik wm w^nlK^td on JsfntjRry 1, l.*?!, 
ioonei-il 'JPfe* « {Jir^etor of, nua «1«© attornftf for th» a»Bk. 
Me dULd not t«ll t^e -^^e^rti ftnt th&t h« vftoted the note In 
Queatlca Olsoot^nted stt tbt€ Qentie^Atal and Coa»«r0ir<X g^nk^ 

fta «.t tb«t tla* tfcf* asrik did not ov% %h9 aantia®n%»l ftBd 

ii^ffi& 1!fe« aote fm» glf®® about. glvi»g eredit, mal wh^tt'h.mt 
«ir»4it wfe.® gkWMn lEy.th.e ^,?ik t?> Bi«y'b©«ly, tfe*? w4tiR«-«« aa»- 
««]ped* •!% *»fs «»iah ia «te« vtult.* sfeea ®.«ked wtietheT tfee 
aot« wtiM «i^ly «»-irrt»di t« a csasb lt«a, b« aas^'i^red, "s©, 
thXm aote irau a©t •<mi'ri«>a iato the ing'ults, fj^'lsi not* *»« 
Im mgr <i«s8k» »-s^ t© »««mir* tfe© bII^ i» the ravsTt c»f tb« 

of tfe« Bteftlc wii^i |4,0CC5, sa^ bi», tfe« vi %««««• s, ©^eeunt 
e7edit@4 with f7,f)00, fhe 4«ffa.taiit talii M© q© srrer»l 
oc(^©ii;!Oii ttet tdfe ij0teffi ^mr^ m&t vmunlXf JS«f:«^tlRtel«J %M 
th&t b*. had »o sooount la 5£»y tjasl:, Atxjtk»xillse£iftxKi(^«ii$i$rB 
tlisx|^U(Xx^ifU<x»txtt]MxsK|r<Ht8^««x4l;'n»x^n%£Ram%«|xxiiSx^:j(j^ 
xsiKXxiSKskx 

Oa« lElliott* tije T&rmT l>resld«at ef tfe« ^fftl^ 

C^«p«iqr» t^stlfl«d -I^Rt the ben^ w«Te ^t«d il^ne 1* 19^1^ 
90d frere warthene l>«iidye!4 o««!l£e ©« tte© tlrfllRrj that fee met 
Qie^las^a in Msy, It^Sf ^«t he do^ca't tMnk the deftnis^at 
sold aay of the bon€» mf ter MoTnml&ejr 15, 19^3, sltbauf^ 
he« tfee d<»feiidftRt|» h»-d !&rpothe$^ted I'SSOO «d7tK ef bond* 
with « fim dn Ln s«ll« ^tr««t* »ad fs^o^ »ll^ ob« o^iliibjiat 
that SJ«kim^a, ©a Movtsjbey 15, 19JS3, t©l.dl I) in 1*»t the b^ntte 
»#re soldi told htm tl»«tt fee, t?* rJ«^fifB4sat, Si^d fSP,5C=0 in 



«*fX«» 



ir,f^^- ©J .ai^# 



3;^s> 



Y v* r V v V >r IP X '< V- 



-12- 
tenda; th«t It pi^m »tlr'UlBt«d ttt a hetylag ^fore if»«t*y 

in t^i» po»»e¥!^»ion, U« further testified th?,t th« rtp-ut*- 
tloa of tht defendant ta Chiei&fs© for truth aiua veracity 

yifOK th# foysgo'ng* l)«*3rlng ia »lad th*t a 
Jiidg««iBt 1^ o€mf«Bala® h«d lN»«a eat«y«<S »ad t53«a 
©psa«d ^ to give t-^a ^«!f«»!i®.,at sa opr-ortualty to 
Si»k« ■sut & «l«fens«, aa4 tfefit, ther«for®, tfat bur^lftn of 
pro^f, t.*i^.t ^:^# Jiate vBi-s a»e foy -^Gc^^^jjsdaati^a «inA 
without ^ttsla«iR*ti©a, w-^e iigos fei«» it i« c«s? jis'3g* 
ittat th»t tfc« fef liTsfitlT* ^Stfssase, testified to ^ th« 
4«f^a;is^at» ■#«» tt0t !s».d# out* l^risfff Ktly, trtim *%ftt tH« 
yessord Aiftclesea, %hn trial JMgt -Si?? »at ^ll«v» tha 
def«»^iP»t»0 els.ia ttsiat frael-twaty a«ki^4 *sl« te ^risoiBSEO- 
aata tfee ils^eit witfe Me tm^m bM thstt it vi>.« gir»B os»ly 
far tte-t mirfrs** miad wit?je'V^t e«»n«i^*r»tloa, C?»a««leJarltt|r 
%h«» tJ?e arguBeot K».dii lBf--T# by ftouasH. for f,h9t i!««fs»ipi4-ffttt, 
the ii;^is.«»tlon ariscr irfcsther tb« <»rl3i?a0#' ae td «hftt 
feOt%j*.lly tr;e,iis?:4jwid, &S It 1« ^lafly r<?l;fet«d toy Braalaweicy, 
ttffisiBRtlvely prevoa i*i-*t Vm n&%*i w?v« ^ivea *« « ««.tt«y af 
&.ea@fi»iad&tl>>a eu»s. «at vithout eoaai^^^^atiita* 

fita «irl4«'iif>a af l^altcaalcy i» tlB»at at tiia aoliaita- 
tiOB af ta« ^tfM^»u%0 a eoBtract *i?a aade bati^ea th^ Saal 
Ooj^^ny aii>:'» 1*5« flaak t« sell psOjOCO of baaM for & ooas- 
siaai^a »f 3^» aad tb&t* isfiriBg tried «tad failed to ««il the 
^ada mad bmriag hm».R aotifle^l ^ th# st^ta 4%dltar ta e»la«« 
ths mttt^DT v^0 It e^ntraat w«^8 tbaa tt^da^ i^hit:^ «aa datad 






'V i ? ,~v!. * V .(" I' . , 



•^5*::,<?;^:>."» -^ < -I'^S' *" " ' S-'" '.-J 






',f«*«^ . ■ ^.f*it-i'*f' 



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'M m€i 






-13- 

Oetob«r I, IfSSB, btt««en Bmalawkr, Roonaii Ral th« -lefrw!- 
ftRt» «ind tb«B« thj&t having failed of BU«o«flip, aff^tli^tloiia 

werff 6Biw«<l into la th® latter v^rt of r-ctober, «^l<d& 
resiilted. la sir; »^Te«ait«»t «ht«h prs'Vldefl thJit t^^» d«fc»d- 
aBt tfeould iui»«aj« or e^ttl* whRtCTD? enrpente th« f%nk 
had 'beon fRit to l» the ».»tt»r# i^Meb *«!» flp»ip«<rl »ie »bo*jt 

#IS,&00, fmd tfeat Bwi»lfflirsky a»4, ?tro<Wfi?».n wm%}^ gire up th*!^ 
lAt«T«'tt; tt»dpy thtf o©nt3rs9t of Oct9be»y X, fbia* turning 

©v«r t© m.ekln8oii tb« ni^t t§ th? fx<lX ^^t^ ocrjjmis«iQ'»,j and 

tit9iAlt» 1© »dditt©« they wrioisld twTa ©▼«» ta tl»« defen^^tnt 

t©0,C^O of the fe0ad«. 

T^fe e«ldlc•ll^M! &f Srmiilawgky Is to t&e ©ffeet that 
M tfet sre'milt ©f t!sst a^e«®ejBt th«t dftf^adaat p-ve tfe« 
not«l8 %e«tiQa to ^« ae^ilcs «s^jr^ furtn«x, thitt as tb« 
aL«f6ii4%iit s»ld i-jiit would 96li stt Isast |5&«C0C:' ^f boadft 
iB 8. fwp day*, gr*.«l»wfiSgr taolt the note forti« %ialt, find, 
to 3asJK« ft x-^is&tA #i the tT«B««iOtl&a, f»iKt a t>Iil) ^®3r ^4 
as,a\mt of th# note la tl^^ vtiult m» 7«pr«s<»ntlng e%«b, 

^i» CfTld«^n«» of Sy»«la»8lEy, wor« f^ly stated, 
Ml t© 1l^« fliteil f.gre«8Mmt, &• tlhtt ^st* prloy t,o notob«!X' 
1B« li« t^ld tfee dftfetidRmt Iss tb« prr^sea©* ©f ttoon^a tliftt h«» 
tfe« d»f#nL#.Bt, Ii«d pro»il»«.d to sill th« b0m^» s«d tald 
«»«Ty dsy that fe« h?,^ »©ld tfe* bon<ts, and t.isst In a f«ir 
diftfi iie s^uld b»v» tl5«i ®0niiy, tHs-t th« b«r1c «*« «ilr«*.dty 
at an ex]p«xiA« of fll^OOO^ $nd thut tH9«e exp«B8«« ascist b« 
60V«r«d at ease, b«0&iv»e titft itssto ^iiidlteT «»« d«£&ndiiig 
it, &»d tibfet as th«y wf'Tff* los^ag o&ntidenm- la hla, Braa- 
lairaky wqmIA Xik« to g«t Tld &t the «hola deml sad imkt 
(89ai<t .a^ttlfi^eat; tl^t follofrlBg th&t tliey »«t and It ««a 






* ^•^• *.'tj w^' >tVk :, • t-awi?!? f /■^?'^.-' 



iisi 






-14- 

•,gy««d t)v)t the def«nd«Mit slftould ovft all tlt# «K|»«m«« ttf 
ttc B»nk up to rJoTetibUT is, 19?iS» vhieh It i»?.« flpir«<1 ouU 

by iooa»j9i 9^"-^ fcbovtt $13fC>&0} thsi as $. aonsl(i«r:3fstion for 
tlaat obli|;»tlan niokingon iN»vld T^n^-tft ^&% aOAMlAiiloa, 
whloh %t th« outset tliti ^&J£ wotjid IkiiiYe be«ii «ntitleil t»» 

and liiitlc^ u^fg? the a^bstCfuent agri^^steitt th« thr«« of 
t&cn vould bsv« bt«a entitl©di to. Tisifi.t «^i:i*vno«» wo 

t^lBk ©uffioleBtly «h«»w» tfes:t the. note in ^estiott ».«.« not 
glTom h9 accottr!EM»«ft.ti0o tiid vi'^out ^otisid^^raitioB* lout 

wa» giT»a »© tMt tfef d#5ffinf!aat .ttdi-fct ©btaia th« right 
Uo ttift fwli co»*is«i»iD »»a %« tfe« po«sr«s«8lon, of ® flTtwia 
l^oirtioB of the fe^ada, tithi^r of whicls elemeato voulel im 
euffiol«at in th« »».jr of a€»»i9i«i«ir®tioB to anankfii th« dsfe-nil* 
«.at iifeblp to ^e fM-Rk» 

to r»4ter^t*, ®» tl^e e^'idene* 0wm tJ^«t r*s«a tli« 
note wan giT«R it »?"'« agy^a-d te«^«i#ti f^y*»lai!»oiEy, ffo^i^a and 
tbe -tefts^iiwrtt tb* t, t^» I&tt«i' shoijil t&Jt» stll th* ooomissioii, 
iviiiol) f&rm^tlf be fe»d not Im»^ oatltl^d to, ^i«! tte«t la oott* 
9ld«'r»tl0B tfe^^T^for he sfecusld |w&|r th« «?irpeis«e«, 't-hleh a-sKmnt- 
td »ppi©xi!«at«l|r t© ^Z^&ya, and i^hieb }»»t p«lo» te that 
tl«* all tfe:** of th*!?;' »&y hsv« fe««o jolatljr llfttolc- for, 
4t f«'llow» tbat thf-re -m^s a g©o<3 eoaeidftfmtlan for the not*, 
441 to the oli^i^ of tfe« d»f*fta»nt tfe^-t Br«»l«.w»ky w».iit«d tl»o 
iwto to twrR ov«r to tho 0cmtiB«ntal «.ad Gaaaerolal, that 
ie *n»w©T«d by Hr&olairsky w^io tf^^tlfied that this s«nir »%« not 
iBdototftd to tht Ooistiaentifel end Somsjeroi«l S*»,nk ftn<3 furth(f»ir 
tfe&t th« d«feafii«ttt h».d no bank jfecoouat fw! ftald timt his aotos 
»«r« »©t us-«»lly ae^tlR'^le, 



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i^ jmiim a^iiriw ■ 



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<»j;^s ■•■ ■'^; -i^c^ "i^m •;:;? SE-^fT r:r;;.\sU/vv. x^ ^b^* 






4* »>i'' 






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^is 






-15- 

It la wrge^d t^irtt th« fSO^Ooo of boade that ir«r» 
tarBed cre-er to tb« <i.ftf«aA«int v^te t^e^irm^ l©ag ftf toT th« 
Ii0t« «a« isigjBL^d, &!sd ^d not conetitut* liii aay m9.f &ay 
«QKal<3^Tittlon for ths fieffR-jp-Rt's n&tiu !firat«ip.»«k7 t«fetl- 
fl«d thK.t the -^.f feudant irisftteA tla« |.&0,0CC ia bead* turned 
oirer to hl«^ ae tte,«3r i>er«alt"« %hm amouat ©f tii« ocwwei^aloa. 
It ia tr«« t^at ti'-e «Tlct«»oe is ^oaiewhfet ooafusio^ oa that 
tubjtot, tout it d«>6» «h©w tte®.t the Wn^s we-r©' ttiraed ortr, 
aad tfe« t«i!ttl»©ay of "(Smsl^'WilLy snag*;**** tfeat tfeey *^r<p 
tttTned ov»r b«5<»u9e the «J:«f«a<l*at fead at*(,t*K4 tfe.st thf»y 
w«?xp ft.lr«i&<ly eeli* aad tba^t* th.tT'e>f0T», «k« wotild feMRv« tft« 
©R«h In a 4»f ox '.**«•» fh0> fr^iitmot i&a tfeat «nate;JeQt tsaciB 
t® aupporl th«i 9lf.l« ©f tli« ^Isti^Qtlff t^at th* n&te »».« 
ttot givaa a» aco^asg^odafcioa »nd *ltb&ijt ©©nuldemtl^a, but 
tlmt ttt«r^ ima a d«fls»lt« ©©as I d«*' rati ok for itj &.a^, «a th« 
©tk^y kftBil, it o«yt^,ialy <S^«e n,©t t«md to !ii®Xf ia aay way, 
tfe© olti*, whlgJs tit^ d«>frri-i??.nt wiub bount to 9ti|5;>0rt tey 
siaffleitat e*^deae®, tMt %M »©t© »^« flvffs ^b "? -^^jstter of 
acf©ai«ddation «Jid. witJiSiBt «Toaiid>vra.tioa, 

S®«« ODJ&t«atioa if? aaa*; for tfe* ac-x'enrlsat thst th« 
evict^iicj** fsdle to 8l.©*- tfestt the &etuif.l, eoai6i"*c-T«tiO'n ft-asoiiatiBd 
t© |lS,00Dj th&t th«( e-vi^#fflc« of Sra«l»w»l£y »« to tb« dif f»r* 
@a€« b«tw«ra |1I.«136»S&» b«la.g ^.rt af tb« cx^aasas of ik9 
gRRk, aad |XS,0O<?-, ^9 ^aoimt of trs« note, *«-.» a©t elaarly 
elb0«a. witli tteat «"• os^a^aot &gr««, we thiak it was *aply 
»h0*n by ^e t^gtimaay tht-t tft« ««■>««% of t^c- riOt* w*« ami* 
^ of t7,CK^'>, gffaeysil ex^n&^n ef t'^e Bsaak; #l,CfX> of !looi»s.a*» 
a^jei^at, ?isei » e«rtftia t^?;o\>nX, wfelofc *as «Tid«mtly estlmat*"* 



-sx- 






:u-"?- 






\,JlS^»i '' 






!»: i{iif.: 



•le- 
ft* an fuppirojrissetlon »% th« tia* %U« note im« tmM ftaeil vm« 
subsets usntly fo'-MQ^ to b*; th» mssivuat tirMoh oitd* tip th* 

«lf-f^T«mi>«, that l«, f??,0C^',O0. 

It l.<^ \?rg«<5 for the ?lefeB«!!.^n% th^-t ttee aote 
»».« nis-rer atllTered tc:^ tht GI«!.b1c aad is, th<^refor*j Told, 
Th« note lt»»lf w*"^!* mttte tm.% to ths * XBt#Tn»tl0iiftl st«it« 
Jkivdi* «8 ps-ffre. It l» ft^badtttd toy tfe« fi^^fraAwt th»t 
it WR3 d#llT<&r«.l bf hia t« th« HftBiEy aIti'.ou|j^c he el^len 
it v%s OTsIy aft ft& aectemv04atlc>A. tbftt ^(tli^g tru«, even 
thOttglJ. STftslmwftky did te«;tlfir th?*t lie l«l.^l |>o»a«8«to» of lt» ae 
]&« use the pr^tl^ieiit ^f tfc® j^nit. ftwtd t«'@tifi«d It witt tlJ.<B 
»!iJ3Ji:*» property, tfee only r«*-iioft.sbl« lnfer«ao» Is tfe&t 
tfe«jrft w%» ft ft-ttfilcisat d^liv«;y« Farth*?, t&« ds^^fenftft 
»ftt 1^ ia the feffi^avlt of laerita ^es naot is feay way 
dispwtft ;!f>liv«ry, but, ©sa tfet ©tfesr tetaa, »etusilly asdmltft 
it. 

It s»y, also, b« ft&lti, !B«r&®Ter, a^^art froai the 
«vi4PB©« af ftotoftl aoHPidrrmtl'^a *^at ftvta If Mck.lB«oa»B 
Y97Sioa af the tyanaaotlen ira« tmdls-stted, hia di»f«n8« 
«©wl4 be uf»v&iiiBg« twcfitiftf It nt^-^yeurn fyoss Hi» o'^ t<?stl- 
Bdsqr tltftt h« «re<?tit«d th*> !a®t« la «i««»tloe to tm^p th« 
l^alt f T©!8 b«®6alftg teinkirtapt sa?! tfetst h« gare tli« notft, 
meeordtag. t© his m^n t^stlaiony. fft? the p'an>©«« «f as* k lag 
fta ftpr|p>«^r<t^ao® «f «-«e«1i« in tke l^amk, la thuim olTtmmst&notsm^ 
it is ^ft 1»» that «,lth«»*.#i ttet fitot aiig^it ftot b« abl« to a^-in- 
ti%lB ft rait ap©a tbe n®t«» ytt tfe« Kf?«5^lY«T# fepre«imtiBg 
th6 ^r«€itorft, ooald 40 so. So Idea ▼• Cayrgakft . 378 111. 
K la tMit iHiaa tbt oeuxt cftid (p* 437) t 



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*^i>r« note* or otbejr •eouriti«« b^ye been 
•Ycoutcid t© n. l^nk for tb« purrjoae of isaking 
an 9?^ *Ry*nc* of «fli^«t», oo «« to Aeotfir* th« 
exfralner ^n' en»ibl?? the r«»nlt to rjontiRuft bt**- 

etion that th* beuak lt«f<lf ootil iS cot h«T« oolle.'iti^tl 
thf v«!mt.wi^ti»»p i% hs.» be«o held tfoRt th« reef lv«r, 

r^pTeeeating th* or«ditorg, can.- id :itv«lntiain tfe* 

insolTencjr ©f th* fe«t«k, te isllegt w».nt of ©<>nald»r- 

StlOR»" 



f««l bovind to comcliide th?t it f*ll« t© shs-ff that th# n^t* 

w%« giTea Its m» »e<3©giM3i»^%l@is id ti».« l^mk» eir without 



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Opinion filed March 10, 1926. 



m» im^fim- tAnxm ♦lelivsrsd tfc« oplaloB ©f tbe 



co^rt. 



On fftbnsury f» 1^5, the v«l*ttar, Maryaa S«klsT»ki, 
fllftsi, la tfe« gttptrloy Stoirt* ft i^tltioa f«r ■&■ wTit of ««.»• 
OiUKMi &c:.^-lft«t t!i# *feiadftiits, Ciity »f Oi'mffi^ Willl«m 1", 

f©r tfeft p«,rp<»©« of ®e«p«lliBg tijt r--'9pioadeBte to ls»u« & 
aia»« ^ k.* 3f«ta.ll t»«T#rage rtefeiiir'e lleease, imder Article 
?II ©f Oh^lJter 67 ©f th« €lhi<WE© fttflRloil^tl f3od« of ltS55, fb* 
r«?sp©a4,eBt» d«wuri"«4 t«> ^ft p«titlon sad, apoa thr <1««uT'r#T bs- 
lag OT«ma»4» Ifee- eu^T-t giwi-ated * writ sif waad^aua, as prayedi 
ia tfee p#*l*li0a» This &pp»i6l Im fr<m thet Jiodlgjaeat, 

It is tlleg^-d in t't«^ petition 8i3l9»t«Btiall7 «.« 
folIdv«; ffcat «eetioa« 3464 to S48f, betfe lacluslTt, of 1Ji« 
@hie%^ Mtialei.r3«l $^(1« of 19:^2^ arc a* fdlloiNit 

* ;^e4«| H#t&il. bftvcgaga a«mlgy dgfiag^i r&j- 
tfee isuarpoaa of rhie arlloie th*- tern •retail b«rcr- 
a.g« i«Elf5r* gtell b*^ heldl to Include any porstoa* 
floras OT ottrporatloa f)«Iling» offering for ealo^ o» 
k«#plag wit> tb« late&tioa of »«lliag att r«ta.il, 
«itli@r ia bottles or oth#r oon^Aaera* for fjoaeuisp- 
tloa OB the pT©Bl«cs, aay «alt«4» e@roal or ▼iaoua 
n®a-iat0xl®f.tlng lMrv€r*4fe« a« ^^fined by Xiw, or 



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ftBf 80lt drink«, cnrboaated btversgot, trait 
tmkp boullloB or ottet hmrBmg—, 

* Mes. Lle*m.«» TftjMXr^^ i ft© t>er©<3«B,flr« 

or corporation shall eti^x^g;* Ir t^? bualn©>?- of 
9 retail b^vp-raf* desilsr ?flti'r.r..t first frnvina 
Obtsflnrd a llesiuMi for e&ci» stand* pleioe, jroo« 
or lnolo8ur«» ar for «is?«5h ftaite of rooaw or 
lnolov»r«« -p-niciT!! ar« is di!!^ot connection or 
ooiaa>imlo»tlciB ©r c5ontlgua\i8 to m&db. other* 

* g4Q®« aift8»ifl«^tioa « f«t«i r#r tfci« 
inurpog« of thii »Ttlclii pet-«ll b«ir«jrftK« Sce.l«t« 
are ol«>!BS)ifi«Hi, r.nd the lieens^ f««t for if&eSoL elnnm 
art fi,3c«d a» follow*; 

"01,8.«i8 *A.*j fivjs slaes «s^all Snolttd* .r*- 
tail bi(v«T*g'« dealer* b-*(B4ilng ^-.nj sn^1 2^11 of th« 
l»«v«r«ge»« eiiuiB^r^.ted in seetloB 3464, kneXuding, 
^N,lLt#d, o«r»«iLl or viaots* aoa-lato^jclcetitt^ twv«r- 
sges as dellMiil by l*ir» The «RR«ml lloenno fue 
for tfeias «h&ll be one hsiidrfid dollsra, 

"•efls»,«» *8*8 fM« el?.es «M11 iael««se re- 
tall b€Tera^' d««ileni ©®lii»g tts* be-v«r»(|»« 
«fii«s(!«r».t«il la !'i:«etioa S4§4, bwt aot iaoIMifig 
s^^ltod, ©ere&l or ▼iootts aoe-*iatQxio%tia| feerer- 
sig«« ^e i1.ipflR«'1. by l8». The misrtual f«*5 tor 
tfelB elasii «bfell b« flv« doliKr*; provld,«ii, hew- 
ever, tfeat «fefrt: ttioh lleensee bsft ooa-ttnf aoo©«- 
ffiO<l«itlon» for m^Tip '^..ait tec p^rcoae lie »felX pay. 
In sMltlvn tberfto# fifty c«uts for «fa«* e^alr, 
»ad if es-i** lietiMWi« »fe«.Il !»»▼• «««.tiag acee»4j®- 
*ftti -=ffi» for s&orc thaa aia#ty p»opl# h* »b%li |>»y 
ft wMciaeatt lleenftft fe« of fifty dollars} s,nd pro- 
vlded., furth**?, tfes>,t »«Sit» provided in li0«B8ed 
feilllnrdl ro©«a @ol«ly for th* »^c®«inodetloas of the 
playerif or &{ %'i:^: »p««ts»t0T» diiria^ plef »b?»ll 
aot b« i.Aalu€«d In the oonpetatloa of fto%tiag 
fteeooastOdatioMi in t^^e 4.«t«rslB%tloa of ti^e llot;m«o 
fee for tfes »&X9i of bftTeragea onMaser^tod ia s«o- 
tioa 3464, not laoludlag mWHt^ esr^al or Ylaeiui 
aoa-iatoxl^^tiag Htvorag^e a« dsf ined by Xr*. 

"In oftji* an ioa eroa® i^rlor or eoflee hoisisa 
or ordiastry i»« ooa<loiot«d* oporattd or esrrled ©a 
in tfes" WMse eatabllj^weat in wMob tli# Imsiados 

•«atio»«d *« «ltJa»r 01ft ®« •*.» or CfXaa* <'B* la 
thi» 3^.rtiea.« in tlso o^aduetod, opf»nkt#d, »Aa«ig«d 
or oarri«fi oa, tb?' o*a«r or propriotor thereof 
ish^tll 1^ r«^uir»d to t«ke otit onlf oa* lle«»ae, 
siad thai, llo«siMe »n*.Ki l»e tfet n^bich r<»*€?ttlr#« th.« 
p«.y«eBt« of ti-e highoot lio«ase fffi# uaStif *-^ oa« 
of tfe* ^r«« llo^Bs« ortfilaaaoeo. 

*4ll Xie«i»«« 1«««®<1 «a4er tfe© »r©flai«aa 
©f tlsia strtlolo sisal i expire oa m^trnMr SXat 
foXioviag the €bs.to of l@»u^ao«'* 






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ABjr |.*»reaa, flr« or sxjrpor&tloa «ii^.g«di la th« 
btijelnea* of fe^ r«t&il beveiag* «lffml«ir «• dieflii«d 
in this %.rtiol« «b.«ll i»ak« *» implication In wTlt- 
iaip foi- a lioewMJ «o t® do ssfetish sball eonfoxs 

to tt!«> geR«[yiBl r«K^>at yets^mti of this or<ilnEa«w 
rtlatlag t© *.pilloi!'.ti©n« for lioe»8«», s^ato 
Rppllofttio»» sfeiBll ?il80 «t«s.t« th« l«agth of tiat 
tb&t f«:ld Rr?r^i«»a*# if ^n la<^lvl!awtl, ban r«- 
siied la tfee oity* his place of pT<?vio»» e«ploy- 

e>v«r h<»va. soairl «%«<;. @f % f^loay @^t «si»<l»«»ftaov, 

sad iRfe^'tfe^r fe® hftjs b#«'a »n®a©a«d t© <s©v«rt ia a 
ariaiasl }MF0e»#dlB|5^ iBttiefe .®tst«*»eBt n^Al bt 
ei^ftd ftad wffora by thip spplloaat %b^ file« 
«^it^ the ^ity Callectot »$! a j^anaokaaat artooM. 
th® m..tY '^QlUot&t Bh»ll fervart «&« ftp^Iloa- 
ti«« t© ts^f; Sapi?iri»t«i»'?.<R»t ©f F«ill»e for i»- 
▼»e%igKti€>a« Tb® lavtstlgatl^a of 'sill «ifpll«wfi* 
tiomi fOT Xi€^-aiie«? waasr the t^t©vI«Ioimi of ttela 
aril oil} «b«ll be <j©nd'ci<trt«sd ttn.*'? th^ sswp^nrl*- 
loa of th.€' Os^ptmlR ®f Hfeff PftTiet 15}. ®t riot la 
whlcfe ^9- ».p]/i.im-nt shrnM t^ni-ft^f nnd w'mn audi 
larestlpttlOH 1« coasEJl^tfst th« ss.fpliofttloa s*ii»ll 
■fe« foi-warAod l3F %^* a»fit»ia ts tb© ®f fie® ®f tfe« 
Suffer lateaaf 13 1 of j'sUo®, wfo0. If waeh i«r#fti-' 
gmtioa prove f oa-tisfactsry, 8fe-:-l'l €>Bdoy»«s ni« 
3r#<ssaj£'xeia!lr.tloa tl!» tr.»a fei^.i feTwi.'rd tl»e ss*** to 
tise 'i^ity a©ll^«tor. So lle«n»® sfessll t»s ii««%>«i 
t© m&j p«y&©a tjad,€,r the |>re»l»lofti? Qi thle arti- 
cle «h© &&« Men ocmTiottcl of a f^loay. 

!*'.g468,. % t gpf!!fat«lg?^rev ® e&tioa i Any ladlYidtiml* 
lleeaiia* m Q&irpsmiloa WtilT'sC&lT p«rsilt & Tloia- 
tiea of t^<# oity mt^tiw^nffM 'seitl'ila s^i.d lioeastd 
estsbllalimimt mhmll toae tb# flr»t vlcil&tioa havo 
bis lioeaaa «\ssp«ad€d \ity ts>« Mmyor for s pttl^d 
of tfeirty dftyny for tM teoc»i^ irlolatloa for a 
]^«ria4 of sixty de.y», Rjid upun tb« thlTd Tiola- 
tl0R m^l6 li e«tme mhull bm reroktd t»y the i^ij^yor 
ft.ad tfe© lie«>-iuia of «8!l4 ap „llc«at ehal\ not si^^la 
te« lestori^dj ?vrovi<f*iS, feowrveir* tfeat tht *40,yo» 
stemli hs.va ttee tifeht, la hie dlcey«tl©a, t® !■«- 
v^^ka »i^.l<i liaawM %f&A ikB fixat >>r oooaai viola* 
tioa. 

•Mgf. Foayjlty j Aay j^t^oa, f Ira ©y c»fp^&ri^tloB 
inol»¥iiftg s-«y ©f 'th« j^TOTislOB* ®f t'-,ls mirtlolo »h»ll 
too fia«d not l«8?» thn.n 'tiwRnty f !▼» 4ollaT«» noy {•or* 
tl3i«a two h«adir«4 -^llsfgi for oaete of teaiio, aad ^very 
4ay ^.st SI Tlolt-tlos of this ftrtlels ah*.!! ooatlaaa 
oliidi eoastltatft a sepmvftte tmd dlatiaot offeafto*" 

fhat c«s ^simary IS?, ittSt tikt r#l»tor vi^ applioet* 
tloa for a Olftss *!►* retail tWTormgi <S«3tley»« lieeaao tmirtimat 



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to BSiid QTdist»no»i that asld ar-rllofttloa for said lieexu* 

was reftts«d ?nt1 no lioense « e Issued to bin to oper%t« 
•aid iJiasiaesA of & r«t»bil Wrf!Tag« dlee.l«r At Ko* 48cc ?<MAth 
Llneoln street. In tbe aity of daleags^, a« r«C!ueiBto4 by 
hist in his ftppllotstloa; th^t he h»« oo»plled with «ll th« 
»»5wlr«»«snt9 of the oraiasao* rcg«l*tlng apgll«3»tif>Ti» for 
m lio«B«5e to ecRdttot k fJlaos *a* r«!'tRll bov^ygigt business, 
and is ^'u^-llfted t9 mal:* iiuoh ap^li<^ti£<ttt «ni to vooelTO 
smi^ » lloe&««} thist h# h&B T^-i'idM-i m t)^e Slty of s^lcsstgo 
foi fo«rt»e» y<^fo, mxd is » «%yrl»<^, »^tt# r«>«l4lng with 
his f sally at 4S00 toutli Uaoolja ttrtft, Sind fe*» »«▼«!» 
t»«em csKrlet«d t^f » fclesqr oif aisdirssftanoy} that If tbo 
lieiKttso *hlch is s-^Kght to b* obtalatd fcy blM is grantfid, 
tt «IU aot to# uee<! at ajsy tl®« or in s-ny "s^f to vlolttt 
tfeo la^s of t?^ B-^te of Xllisoia, or the olty or<Jia«ncea 
of ^^i<Pig©i tfeist. fe« fe»« not TlCflatod, nor p^raltted the 
▼iol».tl@«i of a®y of tfe© ©rAl»i*ae*?® of ^j^« *Jlty of Chlo^goj 
^ftt '^ol»g & pemon of good asiOTi.1 el}&Tmot«r» tbt* refusal 
to x«<M3«8»eM 1^0 lsetemnc« of « 0litS8 *4* T^tall bevcmgs 
de»ls7*8 lioeaoo to hl»# ««id the refttsal to ieaxw to hia 
s. UoeasOf *»« lllogal rmd ai sorlslsnitory oa the p*rt of 
tlJ« r«opoBAfint85 ti-wt It w«,» tl»« duty of the rf-sr^ondeats 
to reoQ'smm&4. etni t© l»«tte » 0l*«8 *k* r«tall b«v«sr«go 
.dealer's lieenso ta s.llo*' ^ln to opeimt« fes » retail b«T*«»» 
agi 4<^lor «.t 4800 Sfi\i.tb M&cC'l* streot, Ohloftgo, fettt tfeo 
mopondco-ts hft^« ref«««4 aaad still r«f«ge to rto^nsfilA 
tfeo i«mi8!NR0« of# *r to losut suob S llO<*»S«i, 

ffeat !io h»a dieiBftiia#<l of tli« respoad^nts tfeat « 
lioii'iiso ^ lsts«od to him to ©perato its a 'OlJs^a* *4'' r*t«ll 



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of $100«0v% and 1» ready, *lBlft *.a^ wll3ln<r ts> pay said 
liceas^ f«e if the lio«»0« is lsftt«d to hie, 

tfeat tfe« ;i^etitio»«r j^'raya for ». writ f.>f !»iP'nd3'ijau« 
direeteri %o t?'* rft»r)ca'.lrnt», •3«;?i*BdiBg the* forthvith to 
Approve the &pplloatloii and reaoz^eiiii^d the ls«isfi,A&e of 
sftid llo«fia«, li&if^ to fstrt^irittsi ie@u« th« lieeast to Mia* 

6ut>^'ori8riiig Mm t& opea, ooaduot, aaalnt^ln s^nd op«]%to 
» ir«t»ll bcTtjraigi 5i««kler»» ^^stsilacae at 4800 i©«tl4 .fclae^ltt 
ttr«tt, ia tlif^ oity ©f «3feto®^, mpoa. hin p*ya»a.t of llio 

fft« tl^«j?efor« a« provides is tli«^ or4iii«.)@o«« 

io fe»l«f ha* b««n filed o» b#liaif of th# fmtl- 
tion«v. la th(t torief for tfe« respoadfrnto It !« oont^aded 
t^Rt tJ>e p«^titioji«y is 4as-uffioi««t l» that it dto«5e not 
?«eit€ suffleieat fsot» to smte ovjt » ssaias* of aotioa, 
fiMMUii* »*©!»« to 13© |s«* wr-^©o tfef-' fs.et that t%« pttltlom 
do«« Bot i«0it« T«sT^.tiM the a^|)lie«iitioii foT th* lieeinst. 

It irtil fee olMiftrve^ tJi^t t^ petition rcsoit®* 
«tjffiei«fit f«iot» to Rotify t&e r««i8poii<ifata ©f t.h« «x«®t 
»^tm3P« of t«e p€titit>ij#r».6 oiftisi. It 80t« up that th® 
p«tltic}nter is &f g«»od mo:pRl ofemr^etftr} th®.t be is tli« 
owner of th« pT#Kl»#» to au«stiaaj tke Y«rb&go of t « or^iseitM^ 
im quostioa; tho ilfete of the jspplloatloa fot the Slats *A* 
lie»a«e; thst h« Mdo »|>t»Iie%tioa inii's^ftat to «ii« O7i9iim»o«( 
tli«tt hl» «f-pll©!s.tisva foi- tfet UooBiro W".i« ir«fu«*'': ^md no 
lio«B80 i8«m«<i to hiMi ^"''^ ^^ '^^" doapliod -srlth »ll il)« 
ir«^«lt'«ai«s\ta of tfes 03rMB&R««j th*t h« !» qti»llfiot t© 
tt9tko th« spiplleuitlon »!>.Ba reopl^ro th« li«»^a«o; th®.t ho ;#•> 






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hfts resided in Ohioa^ fotirtecn fttktm^ ^-nd i« « ««rri«4 auui^ 
residing with hi« f«aily at 480C Soath i.tmoola ttTcnt* pvA 
h&» namt hmn oonTiot«^ of » fsloiqr ot mlf»d*a««nor; that 
h* d«iB&ad«d tti« lio«[!iR« &nA tenA^r9d th^ lynnoai lie«B«« 

fe« ef llOO.c:^, b«t thf lie«a»« h»s te««tt ir«fua«d« ««»« 
d««urp«», Tr« tblak th»t le nufflolpnt. It i« not ft#o#««*iTr 

ie r«oit« la d*t?&il fell th% %ri&enm wbieb «lght tsw ti»c*nmvr 
to sake out & &^»e vih^rf th^'Tfi® *n i«jsn« aait tria.1, ?yo- 

Itxitj of ples-dlag i» t& he aepir«^,t#a.. If tfet fJefeaaaatt 
hmd a»y defen«e to tbe petitl a# that »^a.« ^;«ll]r airailaljle 
%^ &BsiF«5r ©r otfe#r »ppreprist« pleadlag. it ststc':!!. at 
(M'.ttee of BflttioR^ ?5fid isi.« s. asttex of ©\tiwss®» seaM* *e ar« 
bound t« hold thftt f*ier petitioia ai4 fvilly «tad «uffieie«tly 
lafoxs ^e r^»p©a«1*at8 of tfe«s ol»la of tha petltlsjaoi", 
0»Briea r , fn^floy. gig-re 111. ^p-p.llS; P#oplg. ex Tel gaadiorttftlo 
▼. 01 ty of 'Jhtm^»^ ©«a, Me, 301S9, Sounsel for the r»«» 

p©aii«alus hi^v^ elt«4 the fallowing oaseaj l'»o?>l» #x rgl Youaptf a 
▼. gity of ^iPj^.i^^M 8 a& 111. 5SC4 e;#-3pX» V . ^■rti'iit^Bo. 353 111, 
359} rooplfe V. Pity of strggt^gp gS8 111, STSj i|ejr£^ ▼. City 
Of gfel&sfeO. aso 111. §SI: .. |'g!>pl« ▼. a^ggQ. B48 JTl. 11 J ^o-.B ▼. 

fbg iJi^ypy. 3U 111. 4ej .fwlft y . h»1b> 1635 m, se9; f^opit. 
«x r«i |j.^€ijg.l&nd y . oity of L^-'itssum^ 1 95 iii, atv, ♦S* fe«it vo 
4© cot flad tlist a.ny of tfeea g^stalan th« ©1®4» «a6e, la 
ao QEo« l^jtt WB Kaow of ha« svdb ?% p#'tltl'9i» as the oro h«y« la 
^iMiatioa befrB fe«ld to be iastuffioieat as€r«ly \inaa d^muri^T, 
ffe* Jtidg^e-at, t>serpi©re, fill b« sfflratd. 



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J. T. KeDClififLL* 



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Opinion filed March 10, 1926. 



m. JimriQf. rmhm duliTerea the Qp-.mim of 

fhiss Is m-i ^.ppm&X from a Jixdg^ent TeeOTered 
toy tfc« plaifttlff, 3, f, Mer<omj«lX, fegalnat the d#f«Bl'-?init, 
cnauae ^. Morris 9 in » suit In ^f ^ixpevlor QquH» Is tht 
•vdii of i3LC««6&. 

tfe«re wnm * trial be fort tint e«HJTt, witfeout a 
JmiT. fhe e-T;l4*-R«5® ©©aslsttd of the te»tii»®ay ©f th# 
pli^mtiff Slid the 6»t(^nmutg and two oichibita. 

fh« testiffiony of th« plaintiff is ®ui>i»t&nti« Uy 
as follovot- He ime a BaXeeaan fot the i;iilt«d 3t«t«s 

WaSa^w Ooapaay, snd ba-ring b««n notifiod toy ttmt Uompeny 
ttJRt It »Otol<l "Ns taeccasmyy foir bla to iftOTO fraa Indisaa- 
polio to Qfeieego, he ^rouifi^t bit faaiily here, and In siu* 
wer to aa odveytioem^nt, went, on sBmtax^y, A.u|fu0t 6, to 
lafeo offlo« of ihe dcf«B.d?5nt to o*® atoout rooting tho 
lower apartment of a two-flat tRilldlng fcaown »« 6630 Worth 
Eoekwoll stsfst. On. tlmt oeeaoion ho jpsid tbo <iefen''&at 



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#10S.e6 for th« rent of the aip«.vts4mt from Augtiat 30 t» 
Ootob«x I, 13RI, »na reoel^td a rsceipt which 1« •« 
f©llow»j "&UK.6, 1921, Tie««lv«d of J. r. Monoumell 
|1C6«66 s« r«Bt for 653t<) «, ??oel^w«Il St., 1 4pt.« ISO, 00 
per month; lee>«e fro* Aag, SO, 19S1, to feist, 30, 1938 
t© be exe€futed before Aug, SO, ll^l, on tons #10,* He 
told the def«B4,&at ut t*mt tiase tfe&t hm w«» le^^vlng ttee 
City that daqr t© »rraag» fer tfee «fratiag ana afclppiag 
of 111 A fuTaiture to O^lmgOt simtl would r^turiSi the foll««» 
Ing «eek, softer he bud eet^tbllshed bis f^i^iljr !^t a eutteer 
plftoe. Me es^e batoi 3!i August It^ aad telephoaed to 
tite defen(l9,at ^od told him th^t ho «&» re&d^ to aiga the 
leaoe, fhe deren 'aat told hiii that tferatigh »o«e mtauadet*- 
atimdlag ishB !»<?..»« mm net y©s.dy» imt th«t it would be mil 
ri,:,,fet for Ilia to sign 1% t?fee» be ©a«e iato CJhlestii© to 
taikf pooseeeiaa of the Rp&i'tatemt, Me, the witBees, oeld 
to %e def^B.isat, "ioi*, I swb sBafciag sppliofetion foT li^te, 
pte ftnd telcphoae, are ym.« ^oeltiveljr eure it ie ell rl^t 
for me to go eJheedf* $»^. tbe fle.f«ad%at aniwered, '^tott go 
Tl^tah«»d,* there ime 8©«e fartfeer t»lk OTor tfee telfw 

l»lio»i nad th.e «let" »»**?* eeld tbut he, the vita^^se, ems Id »lga 
tfee le&e** ifhen be os^e to Ohics*-go %|^ln. The *?ltae«» thea 

told the defe»:';«nt thet Isio m>ia& be In C^ioat^o ea th« SOt^t, 
Me o%si« l^eir t»D Ohio^'go oa ^ufuet S<^« aad bad hie fuTnltiare, 
whlel) m-a orated end peeked in « uox*Qar, tr«imif«rr«^d to tbe 
B-Osoro Ferk station* He t^xfrn ««&t to tlr!e«»ffloe of tbe dc* 
fendeat i^nd 9,eked for the key to tts «pertgieat, «iad ^e 
def«ndaat told ^.i^ that it v&e opea. He veat out to tbo 
%p«rtieeai aad looked eroiead* but oeald not get ia, eo bo 
west bs.^ to ^e offioe ead eeid to tbe <i«f®a('y«at, *1Siat 



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pl»©« l8ii*t re»dy.* '!!htr«-u«oii the <i«?>fim?tfint ««ld» •*.»• 
jroa any t>*tt*r tbrns tuaytiOdy «li9«t* to thtcfts hm, th« wit- 
ness, 8B«%^er«d, *So, I*« BOt.* "well, wh&t «r« you gol«g 
to ^ abowt tfelB tJilBff* The aef^nmat responded* •Tau 
g»t (M»af fK>« her«, i doa't w»»at to 1a>« both«r«<! vlth you^* 
He, ttw vitnipes, tb«ft <PlX#d up %hfi of floe of t.h» eompitniy 
that li^e '«'0:rk)S d for* raS %el:«d « Mr. grutikle vh&t h« »hov<IA 
(!», md he «»is &Svi»«^ to get In tmitA with til^eir s^ttomey. 
He tiie« treat t© l^e sSefea-iyuat agsda aad »»id, *fh«t *b©ttt 
thle l«s.8e 0f «lB«T* ^Bd tki? d«ffttda.ittt esld, *f©u get tfeit 

h,, , .e «t of h«jr«, yar will get ladthlag fv&m ase*** isiHsere- 

upon ^« ?^tBt8« walk #4 «»>t of thf* 0fft©e, Ht n«Tsr ^t 
p©«se»al®B of tbe presiiets, nay e laaat, nor (did he get 
TaMt«* tfe«> |1©6,66 wfeig*s bif hs4 |».ld, Aftef l®{>lcing erwM 
tor thtee tfetye, duriajr *fet<* tiro« hie fs.«lly lived »t 
« hotel, he jeetred int& mi «t|»nrtas«Rt< oa Inring fmrk &«iule- 
▼ard* Me »»» eeked 0^ €iTO»e»«iE»ai«»tion «« t» tihe €®mdl» 
tlott ©f tlie prejaieet on AwpJiet ti, 2tiid h« »t*te<S tb»t tfcsxe 
treyf a© eleotj-le Il^t flxttjyee, &Rd a© pie s^nge inj «o 
«l»0trJLo leed wiree IPRrilng In ttem thn elley te the aimrteeatj 
thftt tbere ini.s e@aeidex»ble eawduitt and psii^s thMt «mei« off 
Idle s»»Idl&g s^od f Ixtmrce, litteved «l^G&t tt>e floor, fh« 
reetui tlist fee ws.e ^ pny wne 180.00 e aoa^, fhe rental 
lie p*l"-- for live ft^partseest o» inring Pgrk goul«v»rd vzm 
|90,Q0 e !»OBth. i# told thu {l«f«n'lsat wlille n«gotlatittg 
vli^ bltt tliat tlve proxlaity to % Cfttholle ?tehool imjn tbe 
ir emei»a he vlelied te rent l^e pl«oe. 

The €Tldenoe of th© deffia-met Is eu1»et%atle.1i ly ae 

f»ll@wts* In ^tignet, 19fl he w&» tm|f^.ge4 iit t!»e ^^slaeee ift 



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bftll4ing cond •ubdiYi4ing. On Augttat d» ld^l» »% his bTf^ndi 
offie«f 2#O0 Devon Rvenue, Chlcr^^,9» %h» plmintXtt o^llad sad 
applied tor fts e>par1i««Kt in th« 6SO0 blook cm ^toTth Ho«k««lX 
«tTe«t* H« took the plAlntiff *s applloftltioa for « }>••••• 
»sd ^v« his ft r«^ipt d»tod J^ugost 6* I9S1, for r«nt frmn 
&ugi»t 80, 19SEI to Btptm^t 3C, 13^1. ¥h« plml stiff told 
bia h« wfc« ^Ing to lsdi»fii%poli« to mor^. hi9 f»mitur« to 
Chioftgo* ^nd trovid af!OT« %n on 4Bgi3«t SO, go »ftki<'d hi«, the 
ritn^oa, to order *Xestrioity, gas aad tel#»rho»o, «Jid tt>« 
wi^fsa told th« plftl&tlff timt be oovld not dlo th%t, »• he« 
the plelatiff eou-ld l^s^ve t» s^ske aprpllcetioa direot. r>o«e» 
tioe Sifter that* the rl&imtiif <^lled u^ the offioes of the 
defeniftat* tmt tbe piaintiff did net antf i»,fi:i^thiag »bout 
wmnting e. limee signed e.t tb&t tl^e* &e f«>r es he, Vt^e vritneee, 
oottld rewslleet. the next tiiae tee saw the plaintiff w«.» om 
4agu«t S2# *t tise witacfse'e effie?», c^ ts^at ©c&»eion fee, 
the wittte»», presented the plaintiff ^i'&x m Imm vhicte mt9 
already prepsred for hla, tihe plaintiff, to sign, the 
plaintiff ssi^id, "I v^nH eipi the le«&ee« I v^at sgr aoaejr 
1»esk« TJiis l» waf o«t fe#re oa a prairie, no tratterort«tioB, 
no eohoole, I v^at my ssoney be^Gi;,* Me did not eay aaytvdag 
a^ut ifee eonditlon of the preaieee »t tfe»t tlae, the pre- 
adaee at that tia» were not littered ti5>, tHey were la spick 
»Ad span eonditlon, r*ady for a tenant ♦ a oceuiue.aoy. -Tsen 
the plajtotlff aail be vlelied hie aioney Xmxtk aa the i^roi^^erty 
waa »ot 9^£it he wsnted, be, the def enci&nt, told bin that 
they sKj^ld not refund Itj that th«y entered lato the con» 
trmot in good faith f.nd stood ready to deliver the preaieee 
to kin %t&on hia aigiuttttre to the lesee. Alth0u«$b he, ^e 
def®m4.Rjit, ea^aTored, tuf adrertielag aaa In the uaaftl way 









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to 7«at the e.pe.rtme&t« h« v^a not ft^l» to do ao uatil tho 
following April. At to the l93i«ft th%t who intro4uo«d la 
•Tideneo o« t»«h&lf of tho dyef«fidnnt, oxid vtiicib «»« Fora 
Ho. 7, ftlthou^ tho Tf eeipt of AuiJiont $, 19S1 T?j?0'»l4od 
for « lo&s« on Fox% il9« W» ^« def^md^mt tostifioil that 
tho on« lntrod.ixe«^ la oirld«n'^« «»« tho oiiio t!)»t vao «ub> 
Kitted to tho ploiattff. He d«f»i«d tfept th« plxistlff, 
on J^tipiot S3« «ftld ft^ytHiai; mbout thft oois^ltj.m» of tho 
prftotats, bx;t stated that ooo of tfe« lo^toas »hy he ooald 
not teko tfeo 'pl«.0O fmtiij b»o%uae it m^.n onst oa tfeettrairlo, not 
olooo to tTafi0-po7t«^tiott» isor to «oliool«{ tfeiat %to e^id ho 
wanted M.0 wmef tm^« fho biill^lag la <i^>«itlca *»,« f«3,y 
HoelES fro« »tr#f!t o®jr ty«'R«?>©yt«tl0S. 

Ttee imljr iSN@lat ^<lo la th® ■bflef foy tfeto defea4'?at 
la thftt tte« 3ttfig.'';«ttt la ©siilfeotly ist|r«i»«t 1fe« f»«lg*it of 
tho #vicione«^. Ao atotod la defe'R«a,nt'8 brlof. *tha plstlntlff 
»B£l €«fea4:*at ttoo<a feX©»e «ad la wfeolly esnflletiag f«»aitloa« 
la their teetlffiGoy.* ^^%vli*uoljri therefore, the chlof »&.tt«r 
lavolvftii Is oae of oreSlhi 1 i ty. If tho trial judgo lacliovod 
tho plalBtifl, un^ hiu BvimnQ% o^a %o st%t«4 hy oouoaol for 
tho dief»adaat "that the def«a4»at rofuaol hlo « lease oad 
alMuied him out of hla offliH»»« aad *ahea he tried to got la 
tho huildlag tha plooe osio full of llttor %a4 «%e loohod* oad 
om o;j«p'.?-lal»8 %.hout It to th«? dfsf«5Bf}»nt, b* ««« t^ld to gat 
o^^t," thsit *&a sttflolffnt to ^viotlfy the JadgiMat* Tbo plain- 
tiff paid glO©»^ Oft Attfttot 6, «.iidi tho roeelpt wblofe tho <$o« 
foa^&nt ga,v« telm proTldod for th<p e^oeotioa of th« loaaa ho« 
for* Atyigoot SO, oa F©y» lO,. That» of conrao, la ».d»ltte<l, 
ia»« ©oatroToroy boglao with tho toloi^sao oowrorooti aa tht* 



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is 9UY>nos«<l to bftv« t«K«n T>laoe on Aui^nt IS, Ffoa that 
GD« th« evidenoe of i^a on* Is dlaastrloall/ opr^oaed to 
tfc&t of tfce othjsr. fh« t^wtlMony of tht p^^iatiff tlt»t 
COl Aug&et JSSt, «h«ii h« aiik#S mbout t>»« !«»>««, th# ^lefendsuit, 
prActlo^Ilf* @ii«s «i%h obmtmKH l».Tigm$90 Axwww hxm off tfei« 
pr#«i86s, if b»ll$v«d0 la 8*b4 of ttaelf* rr*« «mffleient 
to ;}m»tlfT t^« j|VUIpr>«nt« 

In th« vien wo take of the <ms»0 boorlag la slad 
t^&t tht! sict^e stubjact of oxadibilitY omo ono of Tltol 

laport^no^* antl tlimt tlio o%'14«i]lo«« imi o« havo flsicl« l« praoti- 
mllf wbollj o^&fliotinf« s^&d mn»Ui^Tiug ttio testlaoof ^ 
l&o plaintiff, iund thst» evia^ntljr h«s mis feollorod bf; tlio 
triitl iwX^0 it w&u'lA htt altogotfcet ttiir*««©agtlJl« fof «» to 
hold tMat tfejtre «*« aot emffiol«ist tvl^laiioo t© «"U|»p©rt 
th« ju^gTteiit, or th.%t t^o Ju^gm^&t mMi mnlf<i»@tl7 ^ip^lntt 
the w«i|,*t of -fee «!Tl4«*ne«. 

fhe ^tidtga®et, tJifr^^foro, will fee atffir««d« 



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•auttoro Aoa^^sf ASP inmmt'nr ) ot miQA'SQ^ 

\ 
\ / Opinion filed March 10, 1926, 

m* jmfim tfATi^a 4eliv«r«^ *h# opinUn of 

as .^♦m« 2S, l$gS, t&« i^ljsiatiff, rvaakliit Leon 
feltTt br^nf-ht »@it In tk# M'«^l0ip&l v'^^t ag^^lnet itui 
*ifs»d53at, Kaftford, iecidunt ana laflessnitir O^sspgudy on * 
f^Xiiff 8f btBupg-lftty ta»tt3r»n«« far an s.ll»gt^ X©*» «f 
yF©l>«t^ «r tb.# y«la« af |is>@.OS. irh«rs «s.® a trial 

of tJic ^Ulntlf f in %h^ ^m. of |M7,9a. fills ».pp9&l 1» 

In tltfi et^tt8t#nt of alf^tim it in^s aIl@K^^ th^t 
OA S«pt««^«y g^, 19S4, tBfce ^f^-ndaat ia.:m«<S t© tofee 
pl^ntlff a »®llef iR^urlag felm .tgalnat -ill loas l>y rob- 
bejTf &c&usrin§ s% ^nf tlse *ttriaf tlw feotar* bet^^»« 7 s,S, 
»»« IS 9*eloek fiiliSnl^ht, 9f |?rdp*rty rro*p '»itbia tfee 
wr«aidl»#« ©r ^t^r* of th© t»lalatiff ©t 2S4S i^^wtisnoft 
^,.vt*tta,«, <jfel€^fa, whil9 *te« i^fi»s»i8®« w«r.« r^jptl.-vriy ©pi»n 






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th« p»ll«jr, h#, tiMi plaintiff, w-59 by robbery <*eprlir«<! 

^jl" aad osuae^a t« lose ae-ney, j*'**-^/* «?«»^s5»» '''ftJ'ea s.»d 



«<trch»ndl««, 5« follows i 



I :^^>vi«« vrlst wr^toh 

1 - U ;:>i3« ittj, 4 fetch . . • 

1 - lliO -IS J.-?^^!! Xa K,Pla%^b/U L 

X -2oa-is • u K.iol u . , 

1 -a©^l« » » iof i'. . . 

1 -18 J.'''Jfl«t watok . « 

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1 



16.40 

5t,:30 
T.66 

36, UO 

lo.oo 

378, 



It u«s. t^t%h»r atlleged thai tlio •j&lsiat^iff h«,«l f»iw 
for«*<! aii4 0«.ifrle4 @^t all of t&« ©.oniltt^no pt!QviM4. 
fe» fey tli« 9©ll«5y, and ted fttraliife^si i3jr-@©f of Iess« l5tt.t 

i^tvtt of s-giflts, aSil on lay S8, 1^"S# »« SiSmidfiiJ af'idftvlt 
of »«*lt8. It **« adRiitt«id ik«f^in %%Si% t& pelley of inswr- 
ftsoe »sy8 l8«-^t<S, bii.t 4«3Ri»^ that tfeo tilaintlff wa« fey 
3eoli!fc«iFy 4«priv«4 of tfii« |sro©«yty w«ationei i« th« stsstt- 
m»m\ of ei*i«, raiftutr, it «-%» sil«g«4 tiii^t t&o pis.iRtirf 
had. fsll«d ajai n«fl«ot«d to k*«|> sucfe te.-><5ii» a!i4 »ocoyait« 
fte wot»ld ©Hal** ttoo ««f ^a-Ssat to aotmr^tely gioti^rmliit 
ajsy l9»« tb« iJlslatlff sight sustain in viol tidn of 
proiriglan "(ft* *» s«t foTtli Isi the poliey. ffe« ^^fsttdaBt 
d«alisd that tb€ 4iii«>iiS rlmr »i»»tlon«d la the stat«K#nt 






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of elal» ^99 «oT»r«d toy tfe» polloy» aiicS €«iil#d that 
ttMi f^lstlatlff »»R ilAKiiss4 in any su«« 

fl|^« •▼l>a«»«« »l»w«di thst th« pl«.ltitlff 09«n«d up 
m Ifirtlry stor* at S&43 lAwr^^n®* AVeRtt«« Qhie-igo^ ttoise tla* 
In J-tiily, 19S4, and on .':i«p>t«?Kbi»t 22, 113M, tt^ok out «i 
Tsolloy of Hurflsry inetjor^nea in th# dtef «©.£!ftmt «»o«j9%ny| 
%h9.% on oetobsr 18, 1924, ^hout 9: So ?. r^*, «tell« tli« 
9l»tntiff ftftS MT. Bf«oiE», »fe» iiat4 ifia»yi«d tl«i pUiBtlff »» 
ni«stt, wftfe ta thf »t®3rc, tw«i »«b t9!at«r«<l, mM *!*& goxui 
&9l4 t%«s Uf #ii4 T&iis%&k94 th^ pl^<ii9p tftkinit; «itk Ihe* 
wsTj-taiti ^arQt>«3rty, f®r t!8i# 1«*© ©t ?!rhi©h %&» plaintiff 
l5r«agiaLt thi« saitj tftat &e s. pta-t of tb« fKns???rty, tii«y 
taols a dla^^tiil Ting &tf orsi of tsh« fiaifejrs of tli« olslntiff, 

f&« ftrid#B#0 Qf tli« -^iaiatlff Is ta t!a« sffeot 
t&»t fee -fga^ &t*t a pam^f of loss aai tJi^it it stRl«a 
80©ttr9t#ly tin* iteK® ^biefe *ty® tt,fe«3a ©« the y*ssult of th.3 
l&arflajryj %Unt th« itt®ttiraBe« ia queati^s nm solicited by 
*!^m# S3P»«m, aa4 «li«»ii tli« f^lloy is&a |rft««»t#'A, It®, tli« 
irita^s©, saw th^t it i^revl^^l tlMit s.a *,»tl-re h^mlt m^mmt 
9h9ttld ^9 kept, b«t ii€ t©la OJ-t^m ttet It «%® Impoffwlble 
fw tlwa t© ^ 80 at tfe*t timn, na tfeey h«4 ptM% o|)en««5 
tl)i« te««tifi9se| that 0-r««» »*i#, "yea f©t y®^jp hillaj" 
tb&t fe#, tbe ^itia»«s, t®l4 CJr«<^'B th^st h« B%d i.«^f«rs{ 
t%%% Qy^^a said, *If J t^p% a^ felll« auai everythi«^ ©n fil* 
It ^$« jm»t «.is iP^t|«* 

4).t tk« trial, th*f qtt#!iti»ft ftr©»(!» »«3 to what 
itiSWl 9f i!eejrtiNbanii@« Ha4 mos^y t|i« attf»nda»t «^« ll«>.b.le 
f»y aa4«r its isoUi'jy. Tha «tlal« «>f th« plaintiff «a» 
fet tk« loen of iniitoli,»t aa<S -s^atdii e%^-0» 3f Xh.9 Vftiu^ of 
|l?7,es, ©f a di&mana yi»ir ®f ths "Valttt of fSiO.OO, «a<! 



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^i*si*s y^;i: *fi? a4 ii:,V i^-^' 



of $378,10 O'^sii, Th* trial ^u^aff. 'l^silovee the e«ah 
lt»» and *nt»r*>tS Jsi4-?»tnt for tli» valvwi of the imtoiMin 
*»d vAtoli «*ft*e, ani the iSia»9a-vji rlaf, ^^fooyrfliwf io 
tlsi« terlt^f &■ «©vass#l f^r th« pl^lntltf* tto ol'ila is 
here «ade for th># lt«« of t3Td,lo «ft»h, Thst'l 1 •#.»»« 
f07 oon«ld«r^tlo;^ th» vatahts a,a^ »-at«b o«t»««» and. the 

the Insar&acrtt policy oont»lne4, th« f9ilo«fli»g:, 
"The SosEp^inf «li«ll act fe« It^k^i^ for &ay !«&«} (f) unlefts 

o*a b« *oeursteiy A«t*?r»ia»i %h@ti$ft^ by the aftrntt^-ftf.* 
It i« »rge4 fOJT th« A«f tftsS^at that th» l©e» ««»uld not b« 

%eeoa«it«> that *«r© a^taaily k9pt» 

The ehl*f «vlf5«ttOii aft t© tfes i&oofes ^a4 ■KKHsuat.s 
tfeiLt »«ir« k«pt ie thftt «f aiwf»et^, s tsr^stislniaf T?ttfcllc 

1, 19^4, to «xasiia» *h« te^** ais^ is.e«eaint9 of the ^^ialatlff, 
tli«»T« ig fio Al»init« but ^v%t the Is^odJE!} ^hlek lk« ^xsMiMid 

»#3r« .i^sil that* <9lh.lah w«jf* f>©»9®SR.«s<* fejr the plai-^tiff, and 
la '?.hl«h h« ttnd«r%68k to k*<tp »©»« rtesfr^ of hie batinosa, 

aarg«»« HHi4« sa «£amlB4tlt»n» %ii4 tht» r<t|>!»rt«^ <y,e of 
j3oo«ife«>» 1« 1924* |j(i th&t jri!k^7t h« stftt««; thst Iw 

^«t&lr i»oii» (S) 0|isti9«l Jpresetiptlsfs Boost. (4) P&»» 

.sdSr^s* ©f tfe« a-^iseip, tho oh»©k tmabi»t, tho dat* pirowlR**, 
the aj^Tei^sli j!y»4 »@¥e@«&t a««iiite«x, tht ea«@ iiB4 9j>^e« noa^Af* 



^^Ib 



1 »«««!>« V 



-5- 

di«! not «h0w 1tl» ti'»« *lMMi tli« vatQiies iret,- tj-ik^n out, 
aofloernlng that aecvuat, ^targwRs r«po3rtmd thi^t az th» 
l^l«iBtlff v%t eXalwlac a I$»s on ts^toheadiftt la tratoli«« 
aSLd watah «8te«« oaly, he toek ^^rtloular paias? to asoey- 
t«ln 3««tt3f%t«lf th# valtt« of auoisi ffl»r©hanvil»« an^eoouatetJ 
for oa Octote#ir 19, 1S34, Bttrg««s» sftpojrt flst*t«a fcli» 
ao@®uQt of tla^j&t a«3retoiicll9« si.« ft>llo^s| 

laY^mtory Ootafeer l&, IS34,, l,S?84,m 

Tei b® aetJovmti^Ji fey ooWi>®x IS, 19*54 , . , ♦ | I737W 
£'ale9 *u^»t i,13«4,tai oetofee? 18,19M, tlS4,§0 

14>»» Kiie,flR»Bt of frsfit tfe#t^?ln 28,3^ . . S7.&7 9 g , 5S 

8B&e«©\mt«?a for Cjetofo^if lS,19a4 .... $" liflwz 



jsttfftst® otat«d la &ls rspart that 8.1 
no pTo&f wan f.«»®i"oi« thu* tfe« P<*@OTfi*«l sal«s «mn- 
gtltui#«i -U.i tfem sal«® »s«i«, y&t» )m waa •©f tte« 
fe<isll«f thsst ih9 valu® »© »jtpr«es©<i ia tit® <-ib©T« 

iSst^s-s^lBatlasi- is as asarl? &«t?airfst® «« e».a l?e »®ta.te« 

a©aal4i«i?laf tli« w&f ia wfel^fe tJBi« «at^ r«»^yt 

"boaH »ssi )»ipt, ;£«« tfe# otfe«j *iTl*9sn«® fsftxtalalng t© tt, 
*« ftfTM «itto t&t %3fla.l Jmilt® tiiftt. this evia©a©« ©uffl- 
sl^stljr a'^o^^i %h.i&% It9€^k!f% s»,a4l »«@«>uiftti^ i^ert^ iE«ip-t 1b 
ftgn^i to t&@ >¥%,l-el^@ie aa^ fmtQh 9n.sn» to th^t tii« l&ea» 
as to tti.«»» toy t9%»9n «f tlj« roiste^Ty ^wLS l>« ®uff;lel?ntly 
i&«@t»yat«ly '$«t«3fmla«d fey tfee 4«f ?adfi»t Itsslf to :Ju?!tify 
mllo»»ii.@e for t)siR.t lt#® 1» tke auffi of $177.03, 

^e to tJMi ^IsiKmd rlaf, th« )p>l^lntlff tsittlfis^l 
tfei^t »t th« time of the roteb^ry h* hnA «© i'*®©*'^ of It In 
tMf of teis 1»90lt«. ;^«a ask#d if h« fe.a4 »«y rsoord of tho 






r^^ s,p£m 6 <*•»?:■■ 






ttJIg In hiw \>t»o)tMp fefs sfl»sf*Jr»<a, "1% w»i« i^t ;i% th»*t ^i.**,* 
JU«dg«f y not In thft sf^tDSli :'i«pa,lr @^0)C« bttk ih^xt th9T« «»• 

aa entry 'df It in e. ■Mfi(»»r«ada« te»ok, «f »M »t»«k# '»'iilo3i 
*«« ss»4« l» 181* ot 1S10, flir# y ««.,«•« bftfoiJ* the ral^fefry, ^»A 
t*^8.t tl»at te^ooSE was t» tiat vattlt, tb,«» ^sSssiS tf tftfs took 

*»©. It «&^wt it aow t-n'i ti4 afst at *lii?.t %im, ^^^ mt 

^«ftstic»is, took tfet« f iwf »ff «if^ i$l*a.s§tff •»■ flat»»'i *ii-«« iws 

*»»«■■ 

tjeii9 ^Q«^ii!» tM^ »«4 >>«tm )c«i!9t ^ivim ^afust X* :i3£4, '??iMin km 
ttstifl^d tfe*it k« 414 a»t tr*"^ aay *«€wi?4 ijf % at«iwm€ ri»i5 
Ika^ lii««B ,sfta4« !N»ie* f if!? fH* «lK y<»^« te«f«r<» io « 9»ali ^Jo»k 



©ai 



-7- 

plaintlff a«y« w^a In th.<s v?j.ttlt sit tb* tl»-!? of tfe© robbery , 

in Coltti*ta 'safety i':«^»it "/aults l-«8 k, Dlaa«»n<S •■.Infc 
Or»«a aold Sfhltt fop,* 

w» art of tb«i ©iPiaiotB tls«t *« ar« aot justified. 
Itt ovfttrlifsiaf t&t flBdlng df ti»« tafial Judssc* th^xt tlk« 

tM 8tc?fe la <itt#!?tlon, of tut €le«8®n«J. 'Finf a>ft<ii tkat it t*« 

te« i»ttrpr#ife#4 to »iaa t&.at %fe(«3r# t^a te« m r^a^vjjyy If 
tla^rt is ao ^«>oii: a®cauiQ.t of it, T^*r«? »«« an «Rtry of it» 
tettt tfesst ^a.« 3.a ©1^ eatjry iia * t»#dk tMt «»« »;>% in the vault, 
ff«xt)i«x$£xsa(l(XKx)^ 'but di4 a^t ^aofpoyt to b® '%» estyy la «.. 

book %iijsit« l!& j^y «io®%@7ol&l li^'Aies, ^t4.i b« {}9mildi«r«$$ as 
»ii«S»t toy tfe« sasurtd* »© tiiat e. jr^tebtry l,o«s e^^uld b« 

a«««i'1i®la«d, Tfe« ir«^y jr«ftS©B for tfe« ®drovislo« ©f the 
l^iley "i« ta 1i®^*i^laf fe^oks ^f tM 'hvmi.n9«B ms,y 1bf mM to 
Involve t^R© ®i«js«5>at8» fl3r»t# tlai« «#®ttf«,%» fin§%n^ 0u% of the 

lit tbt ti^ ©f tilt yoteb^ry, ».m «« isrtYfat li^a^sst ^i&fm%fa 
*« t«» the i0gisj ant* tdeoSMl, t^ wa»(S ©ff fffeuatli^iftt sis Ik* , 
JEkif*sj» tl9« BS(#«»rftSid9» tra® m®t »i»4« «t» » rso^yiS »f tfei« o«Tti«sULft3r 
tmsla«»8. It *f«s »«i4«! ytara bitfor* this bmst;)Sit«» esssse int© 
)»9iiii« It *«» aot tmiTat-S oir«3P *ltii ih# bff»dls« thst %im 
plalatLff <»«i»«tttt«4 t® Bttrf#e», wfeea tfe<5 lf*tt»jr j?.-.^® tb(sy« 
to tmlt* m «MMmiinii%i&n in oixmw to 60»i^t$ tia« loss, tli« 
flT«t ti«» it *^«ia-if«t «a« mt tfen tirialj aai «▼«» tJi&t 



«d-IX;jBV,i:9: 



'^»JiJt*JeS|X»Kj£XKX 



,^^ 



©fitiy ^Id i»t flv« lt« v^ilu**, 'ben ssslwd if h* fe»d %ny 
record ef thm dlitac^fid ring i& nis b&oks* h« ^a0^<r9r«d« 

♦•It *«e Wit at tlsist ii®e.* f?lth tl» aTl4e»n« ii!li that 
edRiSltidttt it 90uld ee^is tt8r$sieonabl« t« Kold tbutt th« 
|fl«latlff lia4 ©ojB^lled witfii tfe» r#<iailrts6«»t» ^f the ©oilcy, 

fi&«r« i« B® S!«rit la tto ooni«fitl©a tlist the 

a«ftn4a.jftt tsufattfja lt» agent* w^ivsvi tli® kei^pla^ ©f books. 
ivssa if «e a»»a«« tkat t&e ag^at naid, *f«tt Mv^ got y©«r 
ti$iXle* If r®^ ^''seit yoiar fclli» aB4 «v$r|rthii9g -sn f il«, it 1« 
Jtt»t IB io#-#,* it ia«s n»t f0H®w t&«.t ^h» plaintiff, aa 
■r#f.sr^» the rluf, lt«ft tay »»ff i^l.«iit «f!©eir^mia» ©f tlJtt 
traaesoti^n. 

A»» ti&er«f9*N*, ia o«T gt|>iai©fi th« 'jEsls-latlff 
i»4js mot @fitltl«{i ta 3r«<^Tsr tli« |3§o»Oi5 far the ?liRg, th.:;i.t 
asetrnt s«tt«t |i8 ^^et®d, the |u«lg.is^at. tUstertfers, will fe« 
rev«rs®4 .§«4 Jodgmeat itntertd te#3f»t tn fsvair ^f th« #lsi,lntiff 
«nd ?a^^iiB@t t&« d®f «ada«t l« tfe« s«ii» «>f |l?7,tS| the plsin- 
tiff ta p*a.y %'m t&ir^ls sa^ tfe© ^f siidisot «n« tklrt «jf t.la« 
e©«ts! in t&lff ec>art» 



*^* \i> t 



18U3044II 














«UKlC3XPAl COURT 

^ 4. 



/Opinion filed March 10, 1926. 



r. jmfW£ Tkfum ^elU«x>^ii th«i 'j-aifilon -^t %h9 



Go art. 



fll## & ©o^plaiat in for^tfcle <l«tal«3ir Ik the Mmeiltipfil 

^oart, al.'^iaift^' that iaa ws.» ^nXitlm^, to p9»9««9i«sis ©f ^tli« 
foll'&tiag ^Ti>f^ttfi •tb^ «»tlr© oae tooae on tfei® aaia t 
fl©er sad seal «h©4 la tfe« rs&r* of tfe® pT^isi?*®* knomt ■ 
»ts ISS© ^«8t 4tt]si Btr«9t, s»d atilaflag that th« 4«f^ndfa«tt«, 
rrsak StalasK ?«;»a Ks.sUms* iyral%®2, ^»r* aala,*fml.ly with- ^';. 

a trial l^tfijya th» ©siort, ?yl%h0Ut a jury, ©M on 4,{?rll 
8, IdiS, tfee eoturt foua^ th?5,t tli« a«*?*ad?.n.te i^eye fulltf 
®f ani;f?Ffml if 'wit&lioWlaf fw*»m tJs« flalstiff laseeesalon 
©f tb« t)Jt««is®s, a,«4 tMt tfe» right to pasatsKl'jn ««^ ia ^h« 
Ijl&iatlff, finie sfef!p8s,l is from ths^t Ji4?if®«nt. 

fht #yl'5«a©« W8« Tjr^stlw^ily sail agr««d ui&®a, 
fhtt"* »»» et «ritt»?», lft9se Qff«r«4 in «via9i«J9, «laleh «"»,» 
i*tM Afsrll I, lfao# and «oT«**'«d ti&« ter« fro« A^rii 1, 
ISB© t© Aftril 1, 1S«7, tfc/s r««t %hmt^T9t *»s i&St,01) f»Jr 
tfe.0 ts*r», ^aystele in atonthly anas of |8,00, ^on tl» flXi^t 



.SSOi »0I doTt.sM tidlx'i no iniaO 



i-iJ 



•2W 
day 9t taafe »vnth la y^dtAnet,* It »»« a.ig«ltt«ti XhuX th« 
!«««» In cueetlan Siad b«-eB s,«*li?B«s1 t© tb© pl^flntlff smd 
t&et tjMi <l9f«u<S*nt» h^A attoxiMfS to tb» plnintl'^f pTiot t© 
iF.»Teb l« I9^.i. The r«iit ayt» on M^jrcb 1, !&;;$ wm« not paid 

jplitlatlff «eirv#d the ?lsfeifi4l;snt» wltli! » «Tltt?m octtott iB«»®ly 

«lt»J5.BditSif •l«S:»tiat® p&&»<»»^icm'* of tfe® ft^sslue*;. o« 
ths^t »;is^i dsift b«t »tttea«.m«ftt t« tilt ser-vio* of tfee m3tl««, 
%fet (S«f«R*sjitii tfindetiftA t?> the nlslBtiff * «}s«elt for ft.oo 
f©* tikbt0 rfat for tkis,t scntfei »fei^i»_ was refused, 

Tfe« tsa««fl«ii ssjrlsee wit«tfeer *«gr (4#»'sn<8 fair ri^mt 
•ir n^tiot »a» a«$9»9s!iTy In ot^x t© ewtltle tlie la.'^.intlff 
t» ls#titut« t&e«« !>X'0©9#iSiag9. In fssrsl'fel® detalmtj, t1m» 
1*8 fe« israrlits, ^tfe^^t If 4«f*ii;lt »h*ii 19« s^ae ia tli» $>'^?- 
seeat sf the r®w% * * * It *h,5si,l,i. h9 Xa^f^i f^r tfee »?iJty «-f 
t&« first f*?* (tfe* l**fe©») t9 i^ntfr lmt» .sisS up^n »«it 
5i^i^*s5l»t9 # « » elthtr wlt^ «jr *itJb.9at f^»«««i» af li*, to 
t«-«ftte» &»«! »«Ki>®iSs«s« th# 8^i-^, 4n4 t0 Aletsmlis f&x n,nf 
re»i th«t may fee sSa® t'^-.s^ye^fi, at t^f sltetl-a ®f said ^*y*y 
©f %ht first v-n-ttx ^n€ in <->r«#T t® «afoTB« a, foyfeltur^f 
f^f i^««pwf««»% ®f i-isat. It «f&«,ll mt fe« ate^ss^.'syy t» tmk9 
% i&»aad <sa titsi^^ &tmm d«^y tlie ri^at @li^].l bfio^mt d»t« bat a 
4«wsad »Mi$ JPefasftl 0Jf fallajr% to pay at aiiy tl;«® Ma th^ «»««. 
A%y, Dt a.t ^ny tiiK® oa i!.f9 sitil»«««m«at ds^* sln^Xl b^^ 
»«ffi9i®a*| sa4 *f t«» ®u«li !l«f«ult afe«.ll bt msa** ife® 
l««s««« »li»ll fe# d«#»«i i^llty "of a f«rolfel« dtt»ln«r of 
e»lS ps-esiliSfts tamper tk^ tt^'tttt*?,* 

Tfeis tJPta.l |a*|ffs,- iiitasTipritlng the Jast ssestloa^d 



»!/ 



^►rti' 



»<-■ 



■^v Ttssi 



^oviaioa «f thr^ l««f9, h^li tfe-'t tti«» 'J«i>n4satii were 
Iw d!:3f .\iit b«©gstt«« of thisir **f;aiure to B>ajr* tile rsnt 
*&»« It «s« ^i»e, an^ tfcr^t twit «tittld ll« withsat a 

Tli» l^j^Ylilou tlABt if t*i?» r^at i» la <aefa.Mlt 
It «&;9ll b# Lawful far t3i<5 l@jj,sSl«»i'«l to «iit#r ■«"itfe #x 
without pjrtaot^s '^f la«, i» R®t fe«i.r^ lair«>liF«4« 'fh«! 
^lalatlff 444 »t>t ttii<J«yt;%}r# t® rfsmtftS" ^n^ jrtf««««»«# 
fe.1 Ifoy^Biffet smlt MLa4«r %fe» «st«it«it# fi^st f©tclfel« mitttrjr 'iM, 

In, $a*® #f 4«fsMlt. aiad«3r that. If fet lim4 «ii,t«*«,<l wltln- 

ytlt|y»i> V, i^£^* ^ ^'^-^» ^''^'^^ ^'^® '.^m^^tloK th«i!» sa^aaift* 
»?btth®y %ht svlitne^^ sfes^e-i th.?.t lfe*» 1«©{|I©?4 «»« 
8*:vt,ltl>«4 '^ ©»# ill f«itf«il*t# ^atrjr ««« attsstatr **© »ttfor€K 
s f©"rf©ita3p« f®r a@«»»?s«y»«ait af yi^st," fo te^tn that figtit 
it I® fr«>TiJ:.t4 tto&t *lt tli^sli n*3t b^ nn^<sB»rtf to ff^Me & 
iif».*a€ «« th« »a«« 4»,ir tM rtat ®&«ll lfe««h.^sw ^^'W,*' tut it 
1» 5ils© ^roiri^®^ tfeat *t t«PB«ia4 aii<! •r»f«ijs.^.l or fjillttr*? to 
1B«y &t aajr *i»« ^m t&« faiif ^y, tit *t g>sy ti»i« ©a a»f «i((fc- 
•«'a«#at aay, »*isll fee ®uffl«l«5at,* t^o««i tis© «U«i»ae 
fMsttalm #JBly t« tfci« ssab^tst «^f » «l«w«>.ali« ?li« w^r«:l.» ii^>lf 
%%»% a 4««femsd' l» iit®«»s&3fy* ?ia4 ^0tI*» *li»« It muf fe«9 »&«!«; 
tls-«y ijsrtsiim CMsly t© tfeiss tisi* ®M not to tb« ^iTisuiid* 

*0T f--\il«r* t«> fay* feg.f* f^f^t'^BSHe, thers^fosee, ©nly -ik* a 

4ema»4 «%.« «*jj|»f feat it «i« fev ^»«#«i«8i®tt «.»* not for 



ii.^vlasBi: hn^m ei?-^^* iprior to «uit. It follo-w» tfc.-iti; the 

suit w&« tsx'«a.i.1i«{Ti», 3a»«» b,?^f» fes?«!Ei «5it«rl, isush --d.* 

rgr^isi^;yei3Lg |< 147 ill, kvm, 1^# %a4 cl fe- yfe ^ ▼. U,tXSlS2.# 
2Si tXi. A|»p» Ii33» fettt l?!i «»©& 0f *!«»«« «»««■» th* rlgiit 

tfe» !il®f %»;#?tat tSf put i» e:tl.#.«iv0« tiM t© tfie tis&es .at 
holdlmg that st.fl.«t ®&it^llaja©« te.® tetssii «i,iT«i^ it^R^artf^ln 

mmmmw. 



»0S*^4«! > 



4 






13^0 



m.nmf or 



Opinion filed March IC, 1926, 



tils ^ijjpi, 

* »at&vUU ^..Ur«a^ ,omp^«y, ^.,« li,^l^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ 
^li« ti«. ^f im.ss for «*iiig*«^« i« tl»« ^■^mp^tt.^n^n 

It ^m otto-M that tut %im^ for tH-, «»fr.ad.nt t© fU* 

a» *fft^nt »f *#ifit« b« ^,t^«*?^ thirty d»ys, ..aj ^u 
lay U, isas, that tl»»« w^e «xt«aa«<l «» jtme m, lm%, 
on 4m0 iS, 10^3, tfe« d«f«a^n,t fH«d aa affl^^vit ©f 
unfits aieflnt t^st tlift 55^«h3ndia« »^« properly o«r«<j 
f«» SB4 ti-^msported .m^ d#Ur»r?,l »ithla « r««aat»j*hU 
ti^^*, sa^ %k^% If it «,,^ la ^ 4^««^.^^ o^naitior. vhira 

fesmiii»g; s.«^ .l05*4isf, ^r t9 s defeat ivt and die«ai««« 



1 H It i r SV •1; 



m ''J0 oiH. 



,8Sej ^01 rfOTti.. :.^,.n aoialqO 



4 ;rft^i'S'*'^-?«f'- ' ^;^ 



««?• 



eofi«Sltlofi »f %hft stjrii»b«rri*< »t tfe« tla« of th« ehi|»»'int» 
07 t« other o%tie««i »dt within thin e^ntroX of the d«f^n!t&Jit« 

■fc«rrl«« »«f:5 &t ts»a tl'??® ®f stitipe^Bt f>mttip«, soft 
«ad ssiall In &%%», nn6 of pc^r <|tiiilltf • 

on 4^am 6« 19i&* tbt oiiust •owing 9R in rig- 
»lsjp «©«it»« for trial, amd tfe« ^is^.lntiff, «5ill«4 in ep«a 
0ourt, faillaf t© t-^tayt It ««« o??l«?fd, f0r *ftat «f 
i»»0«-s«titi®B» th»,t th« ^isiirttiff b® n3n-«tiit*4, th«> mus?*? 
dl««l»«84, 2ia4 that tte d^fta^aat feaf« ;Jw4it^«tnt, i;*^ la 
th$ ©«§« ^f « asR-smltt mn^ f©r Its ®«»t», 

of t&» jflaiBtiff t9 v%eiit* th« ayi^r «5f dl8»l»,®sl sf 
J^Mi S, 10S5, aaa thft #otajf"t *'feei»f fully aavlsesS in th® 
|»»Kl8t9, » ©T«frttle4 tke aotiom, Tk,l«s app*^'sl is from 

%%s Bill 0f s.xe^s^tlsjae shoi^st th-^t in »vfpp&xt #f 
t)v» i^tl0S t« r«£9«t« th« oirde-:ir of Jtte« 3, WS^, ^itt* 
»l«*isf tfe® eamt* f©r »»Bt »f pr«»«oiati©», thfat affidavit* 
wsf* flX«t# :S>ae tey ^«Jrtfea Mx®^ «a<t tw® Isy a. v, «tt»t, att«f- 
asy faaF tiws t^^ilntlff. 

tisit affidavit of B«rtha ix«d^ y.-(elt#» tfeat 
»)^ is & el«rk ist tlic office of kutst* altorany S^t %he 

l*ap«, ?s_a« i-^qaQffttd & asBt lHet®««, or tfei» gy^'aad ttest s 
»its«»s» fill i^apl^s, was svit of t«wn; th«t i«« vtn&k, 
M,t%9twey fnt tfe« #.«f««(S%at, ofejeeted t%m4 ^m^v^^ tbfit a« 
«ffl4-ft^tt far @oM,t l3aa»jai>» f^* fll®4i tfeat J«df« tup* 



. :.^i.%'}f.£XQ 4:&7'^£ 



•3?irT 



J? *:!;;?' 






•3- 

»ta.t«iS tiist b.® ^»«ul4 1»«14 tbi« e^^a* until the affidavit 
W8.« dTawa; that K&e ijass^dlstely hurried bsak to th* 
Offlc«, gjrrlTinf tfetf# ;?4t lO»lS &, as,, sod notlfiff(?, l^antj 
tli%t h« in^f'di-^ttlf €ldt»t««i te h<!ir &n «iffid.avlt» ««o9ft 
to It, a-»ci "li^.ft f»3P <5{>uyt# to hBX i«n9's?X?^ag«, at 
11 o»«lo0jE, jwst us so©* a« Id*® si'fiiavlt «a« »l«n«di* 
ifes.t si^ld li«® fraal st-ited t&ijt *his m^-iM ^»lt In 
eo«rt until t&« afflfefit w->,® fej^ugtit ov^r «© tln^t h« 
09i&Xd. a»«-«Ttsiia wfeetfe^r be ^ieaifeil t# t^mi% tfe« faet« 
i-n tfej» «a,»e aJSi.4. ]|© t© trlml,* 

the f iT«t affidavit df Ijsat M9lt«s tlij»t li« 
is atto:pi!i0y for th« plaintiff; tJia,t »t » -^amrt«fr after 
tea aa Juaas 8, hie ei«rk, BestM s^jeotf* iB!fstifl«<-| telse 
that L«it Fyaafe, att^rsfy f®r ftsf^Maut, iauistia^ an an 
affidavit fcfluf fil«# f©Jf «#tit|i*!a&ae« #f tfe« ta*«i tm^t 

at it fea€ fc^ffn «3eltt«6 «s^, sigB.^d It, a»(i »«at ov«i' ta 
«dttY%« aarriflaf tte«y« ;fit lljoi a, «., uutm S, aa^ f^tfad 

fif0s«@utioni that t^« pi»lstlff li-igs a p>«<l &a€ s»e?ltorl;>U!S 
eft««j tk«t mt iMttt was !r«pyt8.eRt®4 la oourt ^imn the 
©a«e W4&«» flir»t e&lX^d, ftaS fee^ ti«d«sjrsto^«i that th# ees« 
n!«al4 fes ll#id ©a tht eall ytatll ths sffi4aTit f«r «©»• 
tilaM«a<s« vas |»r«ii<3>ii^i, 

fli« »««oat affi^atlt of LnBt raeltes ^at ls» 
h»M lta©wl»afss {»f tilt faot«i that fill L^plfiu* i» « n«#- 
s^ssary wltaasfs, feat ia not In tiijf Slty ©f whicafs «t 
tl&« |»^,^.«emt tt«Bs, feat is t?.aT#lis^ er. %ttsla«».ife- lu t.k« 
ft%t« 9f 3««5fgla, .-^'i If He »«rt p3re.^imt &» *o%»ld 



iMr^.&mii ittdj^ lk.»m 



«4- 

t«stify th^t fe« i»9:;j9<;t«tS the «bipw*nt of •tr&wb^rrle* 

war* in g€H»4 w^xchftotatblft 6<$n4itloiri at th-^t tlwe, fill 

«af" f** loadilag uatll ftla« hour* ift*? U JPae v-srderfdj 
slthau^fe the lasvui ^m^ oiaat0ts*yy tl)s«? te two IsoitriBi 
that If -?lll iiaijiiSttt w«!?« |?r«®«in'4 b« «©ttl<a ttsetify 

th«,t h© las?>«et«»-g ear ss, f, 9S6l§j th^t k« lae^cti?^ 
tb« «tra-^«rrl«« in tJiat ^ar on n^ay 18, l^SS et the 
tl»e tfeey ■»«?* tostn^ lo«64®«l inta tfe« s-aldl g-s? at Posaona, 
sad tfe^t ttMSf ir«r« *t that time l» ^.&f»4 m«ap®teaatatel# qo?»<- 
<5itlf?ti{ thi!%t 9S.« I, ij, lltlft« is a. nf0«s»,iyy wlt»«ia| 
tk*t b« l8 !%» «xgf«flrt on the ^om^tafMelloii ^.w^ a«t« ®f 
r»frli|iBj'8.t«y e:&jrB «aefe as ^«t« us-et in tfeis e».s«} 
thst &« l« at pi'««»at is i3feHf©3rnls^, 'eut if pr«»(&nt 
■«©ul4 testify tk«at the §f®aifl0ati«»ris ®f tliu Paittt 
Statist Stanfeyi k«frl3fexatoar Caf ©on«i«t af Isettlatloa 
of t«« l»eM» ®f fealr-felt In tife* eldes &n4 «md«, aa<i 
two aai fe teislf t» tfefe^ liishft® ©f feair-felt 1» the ruGft 
ini tv9 tn&h««a af «syfe li» th« floor ft, with hsfiket tottBk«T« 
sad Inssttints^S btiljfhe&«i« ^Jad floor rseltet that gutiii 
g|^?>eif i@atlcy»« %y@ «easlfS«irsdi sjrt>i><«iy »iid n^eeae^ry fear 
th« s&f# tTanspoitatlon ©f |»eyl«hatol«»; thiit th«» esT* 
lavelrt^ In fait ©«tt did a??t ©oaf«r» to euteh 6p»elfl- 
flattann amd wmwm im^rf^&t, tft/^<3»a»*-^t« ai»«S d«f^-«tive, 
tt» far a« omrrylng ^®4fishahl« lerMuae l« eo«e«m©<S. 

k A^piilwumt^.! t^«&.s>dxi^t ef th« tsoor^. ehd'^a 



^4 



, 3'mm 






«5> 

mpx, 19, i.Sii'3, by Jotlg© a*o»m»«ii, ta toy fes^, 198a.} 

^Tame 3S» ISSS, .J»*clft a4»i», p0»tT»^^«ec!t t© n«xt Jtixy caleadar; 

©«t, S2, l!^24, JU{S^» trttd«» t0 &«e, S, IS^M; 

!;■«>«, t, 1924, J«%*» Traile. «? Iff .Feto, 19, IMS, flU8f,li* 

r«b, 13, lS.ii:S,, Ja'ij?*; iapt, to i,^T, Si, 19S5, flnsli 

^fy. 2, l0S^;a, Ji4cir*=* Lui©, t» J>jai® 8, ISas, flael; 

Jua# 9, 18SS, audf» im.p«, «ioo, ^ Afft. fl^;5.* 

TiMi half s!s#*%t u.lm »lsow» the^t two ©et© ©f dspaeltiottfli 

and %1» nthmt ^n A^jrll a?, ItSS. 

T&« Bill ®f ^^©e^tlesffisi ®on%*inf ao r??s«r<<6 

8, fettt t^ Q&fm&v. l«.w r#e#3r4 efeo^s ?ls^ &f40v of tki5t 

tiff «, t!iattg& 83ill«d %m ©ftn «0uyt, o#ise iset, sa*l fall t« 

©3r4«r#4 ttoat *&« pl^imtlff fe«f Ta^js-e^it®'! »M4 tiMst t&» 

i^pp9&^^ to tli.&% if til© nf'ilM'fit of |iCT5«lr *te»t ®B tb«,t 
0eoa®l*n £]N> !ii|?»»«3r»i "b^for* the ©oitrt ^&& jr«»qa*st^. « 
eoittlauaae« #n tSi.® giP0«a^; %&.•;»* si 0iiart«la isltnirft* wa* ®ut 
9f *oir« aM thsi-t tt|^a tht ^ttmnmf tot tbs d^fstt^ast 
4«BB&aaiiaf an sffi«|.aTit t« fetsse a eostlntii^ij^* ar«>a, t'nc 
trial Ja€g« mnt& *'k» weuli Mold the «»«e antll tlk® aft l4aTit 
»s8 aJTsfwa." lot snly ^«s tti« 'bill «f fAfftptler.s, «» 
©t»t.®d <steoir», fail t.o r«i<5lt« »&i*.t. It 1© efeargt-i la the 
affid^.vi1 a? f-ro^, ttesr tTlnl 3u^^?« ^^ieS <?« ^«ft« i, but. 



ii.s ^U'C:iif 1:^ ■;! -i "icll^i -'li '<.< ^^^r- m *«»; 



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m.' 



sru 



ftXno, it #o«« oot «£»>« "that* if ^nythln^« tr«]ii|4iiNl Ml 
iltmi? t« l^ttt th« order ^f J»ti« 9 r@oit$« that as to th* 
plalntiff^e taotton *t® vftost* t!»# ordter of dlsMlBs.?! of 
ju«* 8, 1S3S, th» Court fefsijsg fully is.dvljita In tlm ipr«al»««, 
ov«rru.l?»# B*,ld BKttl©n,* Tl*» irefult 1«, tlt« TeeorcS show* 
tli%t <»n ^n-^ 3 th« tjrlal Jt^^f^?* «M» imif't "bst 'or«>j9aisc!^ to 
l»ay<» )E«aw» -^fe-'t tipgLaajilytd bsf#r* hl«f ob Juae 8, wa® 
9f til* opl«i?>a, after mnsl^tln^: ttm sftffids?it» of Bro^ty 
a«i4 i*aat* %%%% tfa« ssstion sb,«ul#, b@ fitti^ieenlni* ta thas 
fai«« ©f that, I?* aJr# aot juatifl#*S in ©onolui^ing t!i%t 
his judgffi«at w%9 ^itotm* '^« a»»»i^ tk^t tH® trial Jttdgif 
it.ct©4 fiiirly a.ad |tt»tiy iR tht »mttet, aa^ tfeet aftar' 
©snsi^sf lag t&9 saist^ats of t^ afflti^vite, la e»njune~ 
%!$» with fel« p«rs«>s,al ka9»l#^« ®f v»|iat ty»n«(5^lr«d l!«« 
t»r« bi«i on Jtm^i Sf &(s ir^@ of th«' «i|^i&tsn %hi%% th« s^ticn 
s&aal'J bs ov«r£'>al@^, ?ltiM»tat a y^eoKj of wlmt took 3?la«« 

wfes aat 0iaffl©l«at ta J-astlfy th* trial |u^g® ia rsfuftlag' 
to «.lX«w tl* a«&tl®a t© Taeat* tlie or^tr 4>f dismlssstl, 

»or«»©vit.r, tJac affidavit* are cltsrly laettffi- 

cl^yat* la tjj^t th«y do wot s«?t U'3 »tafflcl#at f»Qt» 8fe-{>wlaf 
dlllf«aie«, s&»i ta-it a rssiiironaifXt «ff«Tt wfts »««« 10 h«.v@ 
tlui «lttfi«i^s;«jg prteiiat i!^tii tli« &^mi^ w^b d^.llcd for tri'^X* 
T^# gtilne y nhH, a^. t. -rt listen , 67 111, 3S1. 
TiMi jttiS^ssat will h» aff lf»»«l. 



fBosios* p, J, kun Q*Qmmi^t ^i 



■^'"^^Ig^It^k.^ , 






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««*!>*■■ «»«:«srjir «t?'^ 



113 « 30371 



JACOB SmUi^KL, 

fl&iaUff in Jbrrer* 







J"' 



ROB TO 
OiaCOIT COTIH.r, 

COOK cowrr. 



Defendant J^-gSrV^T, )rfc/i-lT,'^ 1^1 



|3iSI,IVm.MI> tm ©FIHICI OF tHE CO^lt. 

This !• ««i action en the eai^e to recover diiAagee f«r 
f.ll«g«4 wilful iriolati^as of %!m Geewpfttional Dldcinse Act. 
(aahill*8 St«t. 1925. Cli. 4d« :^Sir« 18&« «t ft«q.} IHe deolarfttian 
eonsista of sm erigin«l «(mat snS flYe vtdditiAnxi^l ofnintft. ^« 
•hftll rsfcr to tke« as nuab^re 1 to 6. IselusiTe* To «iieki ««rt 
filed a g@n«raX ^eaurrer ^ad &poei«JL deffitirr«^ro» #iieh «er« 
«i8tKin«d. Plaintiff » aM^lag \iy hi» |)I«>^4iags« brix^^o the 
0iMB« lisre for r4»vi««« 

fhe first* s@eoad, third <uid fifth :pKre|praph» of esch 
of tho oountft are tius naam, 

the firoi paregr«f4t ollocoo tliAt 4efend«nt w»»8 csrrrylng 
on ^ftt la eo«^)3nly Imo^im as & a«at y^oklng busineca. Including 
i»ork and froeoso of st^kin^g, dryini;* vewhiBg ^nd cutting of oiSkApt 
ond that suoh w^rlc and |»rfii«<»so ni^'^ht pre^uoe di8«i»»e ^ealiar tmA 
ineideat thereto, to whioh 4©f«nA»jnt»s eKj5loy*« engStsed therein 
were sahj^ot «nd exfosed, and to vMeh eaployes in ether line* of 
hualn*tss are aot orcilnarlly exi»oeod. 

1%e second ]^«¥{<«ra^ &llegec* th^t plaintiff »»« eaiolejred 
>X dsfenSaat in the tfork of cutting 0oe.p and viiping oat 0On^« and 
4» ttiat ewploynwnt h«? and other employes wore re^irud to put 
their hands in oertaia aolatioae of ^loohol ©rtd of g^lt, Tinogar 



:nJk4%iisi.Mii' 



vr i.';.«,7.- «je 



•■,,;,rsr 






-a- 

And vB.t«r and eioM in noat«0t «lth tx^isttnous •gmnoics* fluids* 
•elts, dirogfl or.d other f^oncics, >;ui(i thr»t sueh work and proo«o« 
«trt likely and liable to produe« illno»« tund (li«e4H8<i pooullair 
ih«r«t«, «irp«icivll7 di«^f !K«i: of tlM skin mnd of tlie hand* end aras 
and other pr^rtt of th« body osxpoaed to th« enoaeratod poieonouo 
«ig«neies« etc., ;^nd tht s»id oerk Knd ]»roo«ac) subjected then to 
the ^ans'sru Of illnoss i^nd diseaae inoidtnt thereto. 

Th''' third p^f.i-gTHUb uniJ®.rt«k«?a to af»t np » Tlolatlon of 
the ktstttttory daty of d^f^ndnnt to adept smd prorid^^ renaoTiablo and 
appro v@d deTioos* means ^nd iB«thode for the preycmtion of eueh 
docap»tional dioeHoe ae vae incident to »aeh work and process. It 
aToro thsit defendant irlXfully vi«lRt«d tms t&XXe^ to ooMply with 
section I of 'th* ©eottpationaX Oieeaoo Aet In th«t it n«gl*c%ed and 
failed t<» proTid© mmy re-fesoimble d«"ri«e», mean* ot methods wh#-it«iT«r 
for the i^rfTdntioa of m^iA induBtri»l snd oeouy&tioaal «dtiaea«o, ia- 
old^nt to thr< »ork« proe«s», etc.* to*vit« ih& di»ti«io« ewiteod by 
»iB«r&l poieone* 1^ wt>ot ^leohol. vic&gar, BuXt and lik<> ^olutioas* 
and tbet it wa© prKqti«KB,ble for defendant to h&ir« a^ioptcd ®nd 
proTidj^d mch Bf^nK* t^te.* las would hatro preiTemtod suoh dioe&soo 
inel4«Bt to the mrk. 

fho fifth and l^at patr^graph oeta np in s«bet«»ne^ th&t by 
r^j'iROB of sttOh exRpidyaant and a® the pr<»3cis6&t« re«mlt of the *llful 
vlOli^tion 0t th«i act plaintiff b<»0ane affeet^d cmd sf^lased with •a 
oertRtn iBsa«strlal e? aosapAtional disoaao, incident to said ^ork,"' 
to-wlt, a di««;a®« owiae€ by b«iag ©bligod to expose th«' handa oob« 
otantly to ^eh isoltjtions, fmH «a a r^ault th@raof he «rao "polaoaoA 
and b«Cfi«« slokt and his h^ade Btlffeaed sAd crij»pl«d, and the «kln 
of hie hnndfi waa sere amt dteesa^d, c;tc.* 

tJ» JO«rtv pfiTegrfepli to oeuntii 1 and 2 charge & fniluro 
stnd ncgleot to provide for th« employee (incluflinf plaintiff) 
prop#r cl«tMng, to-ssit, "glov^a or o^her proper covering for the 









i.- - -J -. u - 



•3* 

hand* mad Rr»i(»* tm6 to oettse mieh «tmplay9a t« 1»« •xaailn«d bjr » 
eOMpeteat liceaaed pfaysielaoi «& often sa onoo e>&oh eml^ndftr months 
and to proTlde and mnintijlB tidenraets dvTlonti for protceilnjs; tho 
h»adii smA mttum und iSH»die» of «(ach eaipie-yes, »ndi to ;pat in a eon* 
spleuoui |»Ifte« in th« plant propor nctiooo of th« know! dangers to 
th« health of the employes th«rffln, e>Ti»ing from en oh irorJ: «nd 
proo«»s«« and ajUap^e instruotiona (^u to nny known Ht^ftne of «iToidinc 
tho injurloo and oonacquoncAS ther(»of , and to poet in oertnin roo»a 
^my auoh notice ^Ji«tt«Y^r« 

Count 2 i« identieal with count 1 sxef^pt thi»t it oontolns 
•dditlonal allogr^tlona of a c^eeision ond finding of im ttrbitratosr 
of thi& In^strial eoKjaiaKlon in a ho&ring T9#fer«! hi« "bet^^een tho 
•attt p4%rti«9 as in tho inst^int oao«» to %tm of foot th^t tho in, jury 
coupl»ined of is th<» r^Hult iio« of &n accidental injury, »s th«tt 
term is asod in th@ title of tho "^rJcmon^a Compsnartien Act» bet is 
tho revolt of &n oe^mputlonAl. di8«a.8«; that thfft doeision ^«@ not 
ftP|M»&led froa snd b^eaaie firml* 

CdttBt ^ iu id^^ntieal with omint 1 i<x€@pt that in par^rr^^ph 
4 hofor« setting forth th* spojJific rosp^cts l» which plaintiff 
8h»rge« in tlvst p-sragrsiph failaro to eowply Hth th« act It fell<?go» 
in gon««r«il l«ap»age & fs,l2»r« to pyoriie •re.i^sonahlo sad ».pproTed 
devijtoeat BOftse ^m4 s^^thods f«r tlto pr^rention of bu&h. indnatrlal. 
snd oe<iap«^tiomtl dis@aftoe && wort ineident to oueh i»9rk ^ntd 
proeeoc • * ♦ ,« 

Count 4, is ld.rntieaj» with aount 3 oxeopt thet it inoorporotos 
tho mam «il&gattons m.B to t^o ar"bitr»t©r*s decision jand finding as 
In count a« 

Count 3 is td«ntioal with aount 1 except that it onito 

Count 6 is ld@ntieo.l «lth count 1 oxooi^t th&t It 






«s£S£*iJS<!tr3 



Sivf' 



• ^? v^'t^ ta» 












.4* 

•MBltQ fHTAgre^ 4 tmA in 1%« pl^ioe ohu,rg«B f«41wr« t« ]^»ii noilMs 
only* 

?ho Rpecifil 4;nmiidi$ «f dt;jriirr'>r ^perc tli«t bo f^ot* are 
aet forth flvlHf riB« to a «lwty to hcve tlr-tiitlff s-xiittined lay a 
pltysleiaRt or to pest natlcas of knotm anngtro, etc, or to prorido 
proper ^-crving ^lo thine or glov«&« a« £;IIoi;ed* and th»i ilu Allegod 
▼ieli^UenS! ef th» oot «tr« ylolatlona of a<JCtlon ?;! of th« «ot whioh 
i« not Npplle^lblQ to pX»Xntiff*m 9e<mp%tioa: tli»t tho stTnraonts 
»ro vogw?, ind<rflnlt9 sad wwoertwln, f.dliftg to sat out ia wlmt 
nmsm«v i^li^lBtlff iruw doln^ tJit ^^vk to prodxioe fen oo^mpf^tionrvl 
diB«K«e; th.-xt the d^oioion r#Bd©r*>-.l Ijy tli« f%rbJtrf4.tor refcnr«»d to 
Is irafwt*j.'ial, lK>>---rtlttf;Bt ©n<* »€a»iaiau», having ise Wv-rlng upon 
the iosaets of thi ot^ee, «»t«\ should he &tri«Jc@ni r.nd the irf«rlous 
aXlfgc tlono t>Te £&re3.y conoXusilono of the plestder* 

Srea If thf> &«-n&r»l couRis »«rr« defective i« form waA 
might %« (|ua«tieaed ea uay of th« grnuads of s|)ie«i>s»X demarr*»y, yet 
It *a3 lKpro]^er to sas^-t^in tfeo s^en^T&X AitmckTreT is^eh atn.tcd la 
sabstsRoe s. c^ia^a of aetlon l^ae^d upoa ths first o^otioa of tho 
ooeta^ationftl »ot« th@ j^^Tert!!)! el>?ai#nto of m e^so ef eicitien und^r 
»*i4 8'5<2tio« sp© *tat«d in ©&ch ^ount« Tia., thss.t the s^orSt or !?rt!o»8» 
Ofiirriod on tj(y 4«ifeRdsaat ao imoh ejsployer srao eush »» '•ewy prodijoo 
any lllmes ox* diJ*e{&«o peoulirf to tta -.mrk or proooos,* pad jsueh so 
*siil)4(sei6 th* «iBl>loy«G to the denger of illReoa or «jls(^»8e ineiaioat 
to sttoh ^tirk or pxec^sg, to 'si^oh -gwployes &r« not ordinarily ^^xpoee^d 
in other lini<$« of eK|jio:?iB!ent, " mad th? t the ttsployar did not n-^opt 
and profido r8»aoBol»ltt tmd approved derioes. wm^mn or aetheda for 
^i« pr«v«*stio» of sttoh indm^iriiU. or ©eajp&tioa&l diBe&6«8 ne are 
ineident to suoh work or prooeos* ond that plfJLntiff , no its eaployo, 
eentraeteS s^oieh dlsfase fre» iwid tHIIo pn^fc^ed in snach empleyacat* 

But th« s«p@(Cii&l dsnarr^r to the allog^ttioas pertaining to 



»..«»» 



a^sl^^n 



j;.i--.> A-?ft ft:».Hf!K a^Jk. n 



infixes Al SttfH t^m U ^■'■ 






■■s.!is^imf- 



9iiffie\ 



im '%\lt$'i^^i>^. t-^mi^-- 



, -.3JtWS5.S-53' 



'.'^Mn^^i^ 









th« findir^g of i»n arbltrntor of th« in.4ustrial ootainleelon vr» 
properly sttietaln«d. that prooeodlnfc wna •Yl^ci'ntly- his;>d und^r mn 
a&endBi«nt of Suly, lO.'^l, to amotion Xi& of «nld /^ct» (llurd*» 111, 
H. 4^« 1921. p. 1572) vsMeh proTldod that (Ma&hlcmcnt of an 
eBplojro angaged in ocoupatlone covered by tt<?otion 2 of tha K.et 
eto«ill t>« treate^i »k an »o^ld«!nt«l in^ary Mrithln Uie ten»» of tho 
i3orltaen*« Coapttna^i tlon <^dt« and ba ^ubjte'Ot to ita proTltslona for 
eonpenss^tioa. that lOBi^ndBii^nt f^» held to be unoonatitutlonal in 
Kol Xay ▼. iS X, X^ttla i»ms!.ltirm: gff .. 3^7 111, »67. In Tia-w of that 
holding t)i« Indttstrlftil bo^ord had no lurisdletloB to d«cid« that 
the diseaao in aii««tion wns an ocottpailonal dieeRisa and henea ita 
daeielon or finding «ould not ba plisMed as ra a indJcKita * »a waa 
tha eff«et nt eueh Allegftlona. (l ^ke ▼. lla«nl£eaeior^ 3m 111. 

B«eistt«« the «ot cannot b€« and In faot ia not* pradieated 
^n aaetion 2 of the «tot, -^hioh only purports t« cov«r thosa employ** 
menta wliioh roTuir*? tha using &nd handling of « varletif of lead 
preparations, and 'shara braass ia manttfaetaned or IsRd <sr ssino ia 
8melt«d» in a^iah Induetrias tha aict raqfuiras tsm-ploysTa to proTida 
for the banefit of tha ajeployeo propar working olotha«», ©ppallaa 
urgas thi»»t it was iarpro|i«!r to ^lage a fftilura nn the part of tha 
cfflfjlo^jtar te provide proper working: siathee or flovaa, and i^dioal 
ax{-dSint.*tionB of tha eaiployaa, «e »p@eifiejslly ra^mirad in aaploy- 
otanta covered by amotion 2. m ci«nnot 8«sy && a naattar of l«w that 
proper clothing or gloT#8, or saOh cxstaini&tiona by phyaiciana do 
not eo»« «riihin the aeepa of the provision of aaotion 1 that the 
employer shall adopt «bs4 providt? r»;sBon«\bl«? and i;»pprovad d«Tis«a» 
aaana or K^thodss for the prsTcmtien of sueh induetriel or 
oeottpationi^ diaeaaaa ©a nre inoidf^nt te the work or preoeao 
oovared yy that amotion. In other «orda» the avtssraiant preaanta 
s ^pteation of faot on aliich iaene aiay properly be t@Jc«n for 
d«t«r%int:;tion by a ^ry. The fact «i*.t tibieae are distinct 



*s?,U' .■fJ'aX.O iftiiiic.-.*' n(Si.5S5«''4 ■r-!f%i!ilq^<» aai? Ito i***:ri«s<f »■('.. 

I««J«»«« ism? ^Jfasv*- Istir^'Kwv «s(f«F^ w^btifms.^ o«» ^AJ'ttftit?'' 



r«<:iulrr.i«ent{i In «^^laj,iB£nta so73r«d ^ station 2 d9*u not nsasnata'tly 
•xolnia Ut« oXiula thnt OAOh its a rc««£ionsbXe dnd ;iypro7.id SMtune «r 
n«thod f«r tijL^ prevention of suoh oocuputienul 41j4>«iq«i5 aa it lo 
oonteai?lst«d to guard liSuX'^nst ttni«r 3:;;i$tlcn 1 of this aoi, { Pi^Txdtur^M td 
T. HyAro:a Oo «* 323 IXI. /vpp» 3<i7,) j/e oanriot ©wy ^-is *• ««ttor of iuw 
tliBt s dia9a.fi0 9«3ull»r oa^ inoid^nt to siuleliag mad dryinit ant! outtlng 
of toap £!!»3r not 1»& |>r«^Tcnt«d Iby th« tio@ ol* gXoTOs or othtsr clotiiiittg 
or "by tlm«X7 c;s£usilnation lijr pisy&iQlmn»» th« burtioiit liov^ver, «Oalcl 
h9 Oil pl.a.ntiff to fth<»^ t^iii th^^o ?«(;!?« rsiN»ttnul»l« »«d 6f 'roTC«i 
»0thodc«, tjto*» to $r0Tisat i^&ii 4ilo«&i>oa« 

As to th« &7«nflcnts to pest notio«d| »i« think it tiufricietjt 
to «g^ thiit tlws re'juir*3Me»t tkorafoy pTO*idi;d for «y s^otlo?? 13 of 
tl» act i£ for tii0 Iswfcsflt of «iajiioyea •rRgagt'^ In sjs^ iserk or |Kro«2ew« 
eoTorea by %hM proTlolons of tli# aot* fhe olsin th^^t title ttIl«g«itlo» 
is rofttgnemt to iha »peai&l ^Unurrsrs 1»«:'ai9at£>« 'oio d«'«(£l>.i'r?». tioti dooo 
»»t «li:reci3^ «.iJ.eg« ^&t ihe dun^^ru aeugfet 't« bfi a^v^iatd by poating 
oaeli notiao« wTtt ^ime^B,** i« of .lou^tful fox"®©. It, porhiipo, vuuld 
h»TO bee« better pl&iidln^ to hare ae ftli«g«!4, But ii'» &» aliegc4 in 
tho desli^ratlofi, t'l&c di&Q3.se ^ts'^si o&o ^etsli&r and inoiil&nt to ^>*t 
psTtiouXar Xin^ of «aii|^loy::£^!it it v&.u prei^ius|>UV6X7 ^ Imevm Canger 
•ui^ &8 th« act tseeksi to pi-e?«iit lay, itiK^iig otJafer &hiage, requiring 
o^ofa A notice; to >>« pci&t<»4. flie duties o«et ttpo» »r^ amplt^jate ^ tho 
eot to ex&reis^ pr>sa@utiOtt2: &is'ii»ct contracting h. 4ijs«ii^&e by his 
offipXoyt^a tliKt is pestiXiar or iBCideiat to th« onpXo'/m^ni nc4t«ii>i»Xly 
yosiairea h^ to at^oertmin bnd Inoir ii^Mrtlior it is a aib«'a»e p««uXi&r 
oad incidfint to tfuch eiapXoyttiiiRt. Tfee tiaty to pr^vidfe «si£»iRst it 
vouXi hf^raXy arise uaXi^bi tihe aioe«»6« ^'-^b knevm to exiat* Th»t 
tho diseafco is {^oai^tioB -m^ib knowo is fi^ffiai«»iXy i<&pXieu» «o tJtLinlc* 
00 ae to rocjtiirs sueh s noti<i«» froa th« pooitivo aTer»ftnt that It 
was inci<icat smA pssuXiar t© suoh work, 

Kor do «« tkink, sy elslKoa ^ e.ppeilofe, it is nm^eau^ry 



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to naae th« dlacase, • if it hii^d n name » no Iodk ^s its eli{tr«et«r 
or n.iture any b« knoTm or inferred by ^aeh rc^aulte an irer« 
d«iiioril;e4 in the d(?cl{<r»tii>n« 

Seither do vm think thut in th« a^enee of an eTement thj^i 
th« aoltttions laen tinned in thtft dlfieXar(%tiOB w»re poi&onouti ttr dangers 
otx» ii>«r . Bj» wb«sn ««i^pXio«) ©xtemally, the jtY^nacnt thtit t)i4ey *»re 
"poisonous was «t ipur« oonoJLttaion of th« pX«Ader. The »Tdrm«nt thftt 
ilioy ««rro ^isaneus or dmngereua in an ^l.«rg&tion of f;>i^et* Tnio, 
th« ple<}d«r H»»^t 8tc:te f»ote froiB «^i0h the l^nii ^11 rsliiie @ duty* 
Imt wo tltirtk thiB deoxnration «»;i« not inimf t i8i«>nt ^n this rudpnat* 

i<.]»pelioc*8 ro'gujBent %h^% the deeXurAtlon srjinet be suocoaa* 
fully tray<?r8e«i unless #)«ch «tlieguUon of fact ie apeaifiQ&lly deni«d« 
thus compelling d^fssnd&nt to t^llogo thMt it did provide proper 
olothiBg tsnd ffitjdiesl 8Xxiiidn;aioti« is «>itho«it merit. B«f«rnd^nt nif^ht 
««I1 adait sttoh »lI«g:%tioii6 «at4 still b« alT'le to sha% th^ t under tho 
pftrtioular sir cur. stances of the <j»s>« aiteh r«TUir8m«nta »r« not 
r8?i6onR"bio or of»prot«d deyiees, ak?thodi8 or aersjsa of jireyention, s^ttoh 
A po&ition could »nq«i«gtionably %^ takes ^nder & ^Xeu of antral 
ioi^e. iqaally antirnable io fK?f«'nd&'»t'© eontention thut if it ooro 
forced, to go to trij?l on tho deelai'^tlon tu it atendie ix mmld he 
depriTed of ite right to » tri«l teeforf & 4ury on the -messtions of 
f&et th&t a^iao ander section !• 

While t th«^e^for», w« think the court pro5«»rly sostained tho 
opooial donwrr^r to counts 2 itnd 4 pife fading r<!t? .nad^^satR as {JTero- 
o»4.a* y«t w« think the court iapropfe-rly iBttstnined the dftasurroro 
on oth&r grounds • 

Accordingly tho ju<5gsEi>nt i»il. ho r^sy^rood sosd tho 
0«iuse roBiedlded* 

©rliXey and Fitch, ^^., concur. 






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AppXlant, / ) APPEAL FROM CIRCUIT COURT, 



FHSS X. SOEXirsT, / ) 




nuiVimMQ THs ©fi^cm of ths cc«raT, 

Ai»i»«lXftnl filiid his ^ill in rq«iit?r t« #sirrMliih his 
awa«irfiihif In 37-1 «ihNtr«s 9f th« mm&&n Steele of the ChiStrXes 
«>ttga«i C«r|M5ratlo«» stT^tS to en^olrj Charlie .^?m*i fr«is tJr»jiaf«rrinf 
•r dispoBliig of the «aa«, &nd t» r«5q«ilr'5 him t« n<5c©tint for 
dlvi4®«<l8 h« hn<a r^^aelrea. I'h© anst^r f»«ad asl<i .'ttigoait hc»ld« si^i4 
eam^R .»t«ek for «om»Iaini^r<t «n4'T and Isjr' Tirtii.e «f «is «irftl ^8r««* 
»eat «»t!?red int» In Fe^ntRry, 1933, l»«tw»^n cosi|-<lai»!Mi t e«d ^efend- 
f*nt MfttBt, (*H«f nne Korth, on« «f th« ^teekfesldprB «>«*! .tir@et»rs 
•f th« Charl*8gi *<agaat T'Orporrtl^Bn, and th ^t he eh<?«14 be y&^ir«d 
t« d«liT«r th« »««•, with #275 »f dlviaeiide «NiXl«^<jte4 'fey hi«, Th« 
eh«>ne4»Ilor 8U6tjsiixi«d th« <gxc@ptl«nii ti) th« is^^t^f^s report, and 
disBiseed th« ^^111 for want of equity. CosBplainaat sfipeetls. 

The ChsrloB ^ugniit Corporation »«*.& ah&.rt«red in a^e-sah^r* 
1^1^, with «n ftuthorlsftd Cf^pitfOL atoek of 260 sharoe of pr*?ftrrod, 
of this par iF«la« of %%m> «»9h, s^nd tSO @h&r<(^6 of no pnr valine 
eo8Es«on »toek. Th« pr«!f@rr«d eteek «^» nsT«?r ioi^tied. Jub««(':iu«nt 
proeo#dlng» V ^-^^^ hosrd of dir^etoro ladionted the lurpose to 
hsw tho o«^i»ltiai£»tion of |SS,o©0 rfjpr«sf8«Bt««l by tho ooHsaon Rtoek. 
{"cirsusAt to « pr«7lOH« undarntaading httijei^n the thrst* ineorpor* toro, 
i»ap»8t, astaaidt and IH^rth, Att«i»«t SBh«e;ribed for 248 shares end 
Kttifth sad eompli^in^t iioiarildt for 1 8h«r« «,*c* of the oof^aon 
otoek. Tho ©b|eet of the aorpor.%tion r^s to smnuf. eturo oad 



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d«til In inkMt ft l»uiailn«i»« In «Avl<!h mpxat h^A iM-^n svmlvyBd fttr 
eojnt y»;^ii, smA ^ reason of hl» «xjiKe5*l'"Ti«fc rmd lcno'«lff<i(^ thsr^of 
h« wu« t» 1^ th« aotlTt party In orgrnl «tng th« noyperntlon wad 

ffliMnRjTing it« Iswalneaifi. Pwrnuimt t!ior«to h« |»roc«<>(^e«!, 1>»for« it 
mm fully orgrmiJcwd, to r^nt prf»ls«B md T«j,r«shJs»«» Bi*^cMn<?r3r "Tor 
contlSi^tlng t;li« balnea*, pnjring th«ri*for 0ut ftf )*l» wtm Tii?ink 
neoount* iUt vnm st^'bsiJftijur'fttXy naiAlmrn&d th«r«for ou th» be^Jltn of 
the ^owp^wnsy sua In tj»« -llat^i^tiisn «if th* fjosmiiOB slioak* 

8h»r«8 of o*smmn -rfie^k Bte»ttl*S #.i .flr«t 1S>« p*i:id f*.r at t3a« atinluaia 
3Ut.ttti«ry |».rls* of ^S l^sr o3»a.y«, A.Ujj:ttst*« 'bnnk ao^jount T»«inf: 

iR«affi«l®at t4 &9u% aii «f t2a« fi^liaslMuRry 9^?fi9n»t« *.nd 'p«y 

I^SOO to^^rd the ftnt>ejn^jriiii«» %o ciir« Mn a eli«i8,k f»r $V^t- t» 

it in hii! l9&nk aoQ^runt, ftHil 4rew ^k »mn eheek for $1'?% in f«tif- 
amnt ®f tlie limba ;Tipti#n8 fnx tii# «tsiBSi»n «*t©©k. It m^tmnrtt in 
tho »iRut«3 ttf ih» firet M^^iing of thit tod^rd of dir^cters» h^ld 
£k'«i«!Es'ber &>• XS1@« th^^t imek valuation of the oonimn i^^ek ««• 
dfiexwine^ mpen ^i.» & iiuEi.tt«!r 6f e«itTei)lenQe for org^inisistlon only 
«fi^ not «££ th« f>ro»^«»'«s%iire of rosl Tftlaittion t« ib«» fut »^n tli« 
e«»e, wMefe they «»Ti4eBtl,y tiawt«»®|»le.te4 s.howlil 'fet flO© |^r »li,A,r« 
iaste^el of ieiming |>jr«fe:rrc!4 «toek. 7H1$ iind«fata»<ilng v^.b oon- 
fi«B«di l>y imbee^iuent action of tiie board of dir^pct^ra, vMoh »*?» 
eajsBfaaffld of »si4 throe iBtocte!«lis>j»», /i,t ^^'-it »«etiag -■■'CliiBidt 
r?»parte4 '*tliiat la ««t<c*<orde«oe witk ayram^n-asent© ia«4e with ;mm»% 
»a»i Kiartii he h^d an «f|ttit&Vl« inierust in tA«n1?y»fiTe (a») eharoa 
of th$ «^took mLhi^fsrV^^, foir t^* n^ne inooj*]^ rotors, tb»t ho htt.d 
tU^ritt^dy 9eii4 for thia «'toe]i ^md tb&t ho «.%ia |»r«9ei.ro4 to snd did 
m»km g^dition&l paymontig io this incor^^r^torfi 1^ way Of e^i^eh or 
crodilte wlffa & vi»w of i^^lng into iho treamty of the oor|N»r»tion« 
to h«i. eonsiflwred c^ eurfiaw th«s van or two t^usfend throe hundrod 



r 






• 3- 

•n^ ««r«nty*ri?« (#S$75} Aollturftt* and it «iM n^p««ra la tlM 

»iiitit(»it of th« »««tini!!; tbiSit to« n^dm tn ot^itaMent tlu't *tlu> 
e«ri9ar^tl&B w«» t9 iajaue twenty-flTC (55) ahapfte of <9oiawn Mtottk 
«ith<»»i f»r val^v to hi« •rd«r «f« ei»on »9 th* neccse^^ry pmimients 

«r •9";S.1>ji»t««ist« hit4 b«*iii «ii(4« »« Xh9 b»okJ» »f tblw «9^|M»rfJ^ti•1l•• 
Mr. .-'.ttipiat r^'^orta^ et th« Kwj»e !»«»»tinp' ih^t h« *»• "•prtxtPtrpA to 
pay iw ?e awr|>luB to th« Oftrtwr-^tlon ft<?^iiil«»»iil puyiwjntB in 
property, lrtr->Bgl1bXffi or oth««riyi!@«, and er«^{llt8 to bo eons 1 dor*?!) 
fee leftist 4a imriBliiii by t-h«« eorp^rj^tioo.* After referring la hie 
irl«l« ©Ao^ristio* 4« th« ImsSnoso, tl^e trI«« of tbt ue* of Ho 
n«B» to tteo eror^^r f-ttioBt f5«i^ of \iif ftivmiXem RWf« 8»9cr«'t i?r«ce»ss#o 
for tl»o ousiwf ?oCt«p« of i«lt« «p4 hie frr'ltwlR'-.ry s^rp^Fn^ltttroc, 1*o 
sa>»>itt«4 an itsjnlr-**** VKla«tioii tlt«"i!'»«f a^fris-^^itiiig ill,SOc,%;hl«J» 
h«» deelr*!^ tke eensof'^.tlon to «|>jsrn4ee ,5s?mI <30B8t4«r %5S s ©Aid In 
surpX'^o of l^ »li»s"«s of th« Q<!JB»Mn» *j!to«k»* ,4 3»«tolatici« wa.« 
&4oi?t»4 aaeefiiws; liwj offsr ®sw«, f;wth<5TlBl«s tfeo offie«r» *to 
0*P®f>|lly ^O t»t« the 'r?!-!'!** »f iti^ . li<f.4,i tiimftl f - a ; ?tilg.* 'fe® "l^® tl»M»*4 
•Tor to tho eor^rfttjoa ^ Sftidl /^*,pi»t, »«sn4 tft J»®v*i ttoe l>«oks 

■ 6» jr»M»»ry 2, 19"^), m<mK% »4-#t'*»»«*l « l«tt»r to tho 
offSeoro of the corpor&tioti KiPflft^ tl^stt .li« wa« «Rtlti«iS to h»TO 
i«««i64 to fett ordwr 946 *Jfc«.s»«o ^f the ^w^ssim^r at<je&, ^ni or44»r«4 
thorn i»-@«t«d *s» foile*ii4 2.9 ishstros to ost4 :'^<!sfeB»tdt, If m said 
KlHrtht 8»d t03 to hiwtsftlf , TM« s««»a td h«-v« !»««>« in ja-gcor^jRaoe 
■sitli the «ftst«yi»tt*inJia^ «K1»r«jiia»(t Isgr 0.ehsii4t ^.t aRii ut^ttng 
^!i^re%>y h« vaa to h^iro aS shsroo for whi«h h« h/'d !^.Trr.i«g«t4 ie ®ad 
414 ®o«.triT5»t« f2l»©0, aiMl got » ^}«IW9 Of 5 ahar^»» tlaae 
giving feUi 30 $h&fo«, iiie3«41nt tUo I ho naljf^erlhftsi! for. ^vidontlgr 
to ©jsryjr »»jt the intention thst tho eontrl'biationii eho«l<3 he on 
the It^ois of $liiQ pisr share «<^agtt»t» fet a »«ttiiif h*l1 l«MOftry 6, 
19a&, rfsport**^ th'it r&ttier than 9,tt««]^t tn %ell isr«f?^rr««l »t<i«h 
tfop a^dltlo»»l wophi»e eap»t%aJ he was w4l.3.iftg to ¥«ta4H #or him 









iH-^-i-j^^^iiJidfe ■'*# itet *#l'*f^*:¥' ftfif^ »i»«lte^«?«JfiS 



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3€lX eniy XJMl »lur»v- of tjjo cotnroa stock (.n<S ta i3ii«»|(ri» '^8 »K'-'r»t 
lii3i.,t iift -thpli h«l«' to t^v mlA j.<rtd t|j[« jir<^<?*«!H.» to >>« eonwldirfl*? r-B 

ik jrewoittticsn ttt K«s'?cpt tii?^^ r>fr«r ^r. n pinnae At nf^A th* f(J Ahrjr*ft 

««nU-ibuti^d ¥y hiia at «v Vi>JAi. tiim 6f f^ll.^W), tee'^'th^r with |K>oo 

J^MMMry I'S, I'i^X, a r^-i-vlwtifjn Vfun ^nstf^d that tlw nftyn^ritu in 

»imvm '-a «*,j>itai surplus an tl»^ »i» t«.gi<f nt «t ir>» eloao »f b'lttneaa 

i4»A la 7l&»'.' tii*t rsr jtii surjws/^-® ltto« f? ■««»{* W- fee -i«nBrtl^A*r«4 s^e 
tti^^ltfil ©f the eer^jr>3t4«a '^t^ w»<.'i^?r i»9 oii'dumetaite^ii nir?&iii*bl« 

for illstFil-utittn *3 4i¥i-;iti»<J»." 

of the dtraetore, IntsAailng ..oi&iidi. *,ia.«y ^r^rt te «h»« Kn 

ttna«rBtun.4i»g sad agrss®«»t betwttsa tli« inmti^r^iiiettrvi %h>-^% tksir 

t%i4 for fi»s UaisiTisia stated ea the baAiie <il' flSi. far «li.«y#, una tli»t 
^« ,e«>*«sti.le'S *ra.?Silu»'*' JSiiQuld fe« 4«*fek«4 f«y»«n.t 1f»^«y«« t>» 
o«.p&ta.li3'4.tlon «r ^HS,iK?0 t» tee ifesr'?;*^*!!**?^ % tii» 'iftO eh^reR of 
eea@u»tt @t9«Je. lo-mt^a tiU-v t3;i4«3?« <*i4« |,)fti4l i» a.4.^h #a,!9(3() Iqr 
^«iwi44t, li.OOO V -'"^Suat, an'i #50<:^ >y ^urtli. Tbst ;peai of yhe 
es^pitiOlib^tiQa »«@aji 1^ have )>«un ai^e uf of good ?ill and ^re* 
XiJKijii*x-y e;«.ycn?ii«ttr«s». thia '^geaia wlXA* w»8 i-ttsogniaE^il »» 
t«]^-r« s«Ktis<l fey th« S s4d4ti»n«l isiasixaia i«i«iife5i ta 6oliad4t, 10 
i»0tttd to Sijrth, jaR4 life t» .>MKttfct, f«y feJs4ali tin> liOiii'«l. of 






•^my^M m^^^ ^'jysm'im ^ 









-5. 



1920, ..ttgust, th« pr««l(J nt of the «ori?ftr vtlon, wh« »«#']»• in 
hi&Te iitt(»nd«)d to th« litifiinttes of the oor}>n ration, w a Totcji « 
eelnry of l$10»000 a jreer* «nd E^rth, tli<^ 7^«or«»t«,ry* viho ••««• 
to h«T« rendered bo uerrieu «xc«i»t bookkeeping In the ^venlngo, 

*s» vot«d ft ajslary »f ^2,500 a ye«r, eB4 c-ohRidtc who r«nd.«»r«d 
MO tsrvloe, w;,.B votod « anlary of -$100 « 3r«»r nw tr««koiir«r» 

fhe adnates of th« aiirm«il iB«^ting of 'h« stoekholdero 
hold J waejry IS, 19^1, mhoir as present. th« three •tockhol-Sero, 
.Aliquot* ropr^snfiting l.';6 @har«f« of the ciOB^^^a aUmis:, :>o}tai<ai 30 
(Mid £arth la, and th^t s r«»«lt&tioi! w^^s pi%»««d t)»)^.t aXI tho 
a«st» an« proeo?iiing» of th« ^Ir^etoro «nd offioere alsown fey tlie 
Moko snd records of the eorperntioB be 6pproT»4 a.«d ratified, 
«iild thst ^ttguot m4 mrXh rnlinmiahm^ is p«Tt of th«>ir ©s,larl«o 
vot««i fft tJhifif l>egiiinlnf of I3a« y««r» thtse ssi*® fi-tockh«iX^®r« 
wero presQRt *t *&♦ »«xt fewrm®! saupjiing repreasjattwg rtsp^fetlToly 
the ni(^mt numb@r (e>f «]^&r«i» of ^took* 

Abomt tl»e tiae of th»? ♦Trs^aiiary Renting, 192S, s 4iftcuei$i«n 
irao h«<S with rftfer«n«« t© « ^ivioioii of di^iiSeo^ls among tl*» throw 
«to»ki-iOld«fr« on wiia,t wwa t«r«e«l ''good will sstoek,** r«|>reB0nt«!d 
as .>».fQr«eai<l. /*api©t \mins fifparently wlliing to ullow ^ohniat 
and Xiarth to eoXi«ot <iiTl<le^«4« on a portion of hio 110 ahar««, it 
wan orslly ejgr«®d teet'^wen ^ioa that a contraet whsp. to b* pr«p«r«d 
ISB4 »ttb«itte«s to ft«i;a«t for hlo ex$mlnhtX0n *ma Blgnstare*. Thlo 
■sffiB 4tt»« r^nd slgnod "by t^ohaldt ^nd l^rtli* Miipist rofuood to sign 
it, oleinina^ It wa« not in aefi«r^4*n'ie with tho Terb»l srr?tngea«;nt, 
mrnk thorottpon this bill weto fii<?!4, whieh eeek© the f^nforoement of 
iM9 or«l m^is^mmn% for s. division aa4 oocountlng of (airi<*«nd» to 
tfeo offeet th«.t »liilo Awipast v^a to hold oald 110 ah^refi in hio 
own n^s3m, Kurth w « to ¥# the equitahXo o«n@r of aa^ ond xohnidi 
of 2fj[ »h»reo of th« 110 aharoo of stoek held 1^ Augnot oa truetffe, 
and thsit tb® ^ivi^-findg ther«on w«»re to ho p«sid to .vuguot for iheir 
«oeount», p<^^w^r,%ir^lj, tim «ft0t*?r»8 f inkling wsa heaed on tho 



m6» 

▼alldity of the or«l sgrewwfint. Althiw/rli WL« report, atfiten thv% 
%h0 evldene* is v«rjr eonfllotlnff, »«« thnt ti»# f .- ot« t*r«d t« 
8h»« tfest .!Oi»i4t 1st >iiB ow fiOt« t« th« iB«¥tlBp» of -Jlrsctor* 
«nd T5to«khalrfer© is estopped frow nrgiBg tbt cl».lm »«et wp In th« 
Mil* And, in faot* eppellant ]«4wii9 in hi* brl«f tlif t on their 

fae«» the almt«n ef s®ld B!ie(*iiti|;a t«is«f to show that Ha i« ostopped 

he urges 
farom urgiBi?; tli« <5l«i« ««* ut> In thf bill,/th:->t ths si^jttTs 9tatQ<3 

fa«t» «at&^ll»h a riKf^lting tniii»t* fh« j»r«y«r of th« Mil is 

tbfet ^gu** fe« d®er««d t«» iwjm ©-rftr to .^jehRiJit th* stfttvmaHiA ^f 
almres &f eo»i^n st9ttk4 Apw^ll^mt* «? so««»«3i ■^^JTifw* th^ 0«s»if? on th« 
tl3«i<ir7 that th« $1S00 pftkldi "b^r ^'sefeisiat t© oeaipX^'t* tlw !8«rii«3rstioa 
*ss.4j prefi\Bajptlf«ly f«ir the un7na*»Bt «f tJai* stftek. fM« Is In-Jdjisifttent 
with yeiffiddlt*s own teetii^wyi ?u> *wii -s -vfith the |jro<!!«#4ing8 at 
ttie dir^eterB »«®ti«ig» to wHi^ h«- »8««»,tiP'3- lf« n^Yfir <sl«s-iEi»<l th«t 
hd *«va \» h^vft a»re th».fi *^- thir«? lnt«p«)>&t undi»r tte«i pyelimiMary 
®rr?ing«a««t» far whleh h« w*?f to n^ IS, SCO Inim the 09r|Msp?i.ti©n, 
».nd sijfeifsed ©fily as shere* »t tl»t fi'ret SBoe'ttng «if th* ^ijr^etftr*. 
fhil^ th^ .|3.($@<;:^ wis>,» Mire ^@m. tiMr ma^Hattt th« i^r.s'ti't'ffi fmT9%4 t« p»^ 
%&wurdB the «5o.0Ks»n ^toelt t© fe^;gtw ^Stfe* y^t «s f9\md ^j,'^ tB.« r.-^^s't^ftr, 
it wfess paid i«^ «. *s»»RO» fund** whie^ w»» Bi>t ttnl^y Hast t<> psfqr f«JP 
tiSM» eeiwmti i5t««k Imt f»? n^^^ahinftxy f»t th« fi(«j*|if>fa.tln« *»nd i^rfrlisBinftiy 
*x|n8«6«$ «if its a?t©iti«»ti<»n. 

But igfefet«ir«3r prs^vidw« *«•«! ^ri^f?,a;«a5«»nt« wwre vm/HHi 
iNit^men tfe« pairti«8, sei^idt, ^ *lf;T»ini: tJi« jsimsteg *f th» 
4iT®6t«ra* )£i«4ti]Sgi), ia ®®t©py*#d froa n«w fflftiwdlit? Kii'jrfeng«jr.i«t«jt« 
diff«reHt fma tM©e to «iHieh h» r'SM«nt«« Isy »i,Tninp «weh 
«ii»ut#» jm«i ©« «^i^ ttee s®Ter**l fusytieo ».Q<|ed» r(»s«}gni«inir 
th* oi«n#rsht'p ef /ittgaet te im »lj«r«fi, «f himself t» 30 sh^ret, ©f 
i^rtfe ^ 18 shajMtn, *»nd ©f the tr^asory te 7e »his^r«g, tho» making 
the aso »h«T««. i^^eh r^eoiniitlon ef ai>iier»hl{!i on th« b&aia of th« 
rea^aetive «onti'i'b«ition0 to th* s-ss^ete of Xkm ooasp^ay iw incon* 
eist^Bt with th^ theory thst Att^^t hel^H suny portion of ths- sfild 



X2€ shares in trust tor tkim uthur fv.rXiPti, 7te« frict th«t «^n 
the oorforjttldn g«t on a ilividt^n^ pr^Ihk bt^^in ii^ohmidt eudd Kurth 
felt thst they ehouJLd have u geetaUfT p«T»p«rti«ii of ths at«ek 
T^hieh h*iii h«wB le!ii«i««! •» iha bruaia c»f S«>{>4 ivilli and thftt 

>>nga«i wa« (li«|M»8«d tft r<sXin^iaiish ftiimo of hie right* has no 
tendenoy to «hAi^« th« fact© <»f r«'C0r^ !«o3.9wnly aas(Mjt«d te »» 
•atmhli^hing their r«Xt^tiY6 hAldin^^s^ mid th« «<»n»ider&tion« gi-ron 

therefor. 

Stat it 8«eiB» th«t ths j»6r-itffii»«»nt, ^shj»ieY«r It -wcgt w^e 
t9 te Is ■writing, *5.»<i »iirn«<i. 

It tres B*!.id in B. Is C. j^» '^'^ k> a » gg> ir« ge»i>:^y.. 196 

111, 4a3i 

*IS-&J^ Q,s0e» &f30&t t?h'v5i*t Bfi:rti#»5 »«g<»tis«itl«g a 
a^atrawt ain t^si^l&te th.s% e. f««i«tl 'Agr«^ent «»*i«*i 1>« 
dravR ap tm4 8igB#d. fius i^jueati©?^ ?sr48«!»» 4©®s ffi2.«h 
€1, -T'>!9tfi.i8p«iir»*iie©w0 uK^.*sy;3t'':»(Sln^ an^ .nfrr«««««i!it iKaife* 
the TitLidi^ of t)M} o«atx«st ■S^sjp^^sil ^.|»®S9 its fe«lis^ 
iSkCluuily r^dxto-^sd to isr'itln^i '»b4 s*ifried,f Th« tt««r .tnjio 
»«y >e »t»,t««l in thesse isMsrdei "^liere th.e p®,r'ti©» m.»im 
th© rtMiu<?t.lf>n of ilii* t<.^rff :--f»^nt t-9 ^Titi-R;'» sTid Ate 
«lgnatiipe ¥jr th#fs« at ««»niJitloirs |ireec-.-»s*^t te itm 
soKj.'vrj.'o Mfi«# it •^ill i^t ho ff ^sitrset ustiii thnt is done. 
A»d thio is t3ra« xa though all %h«; termm of tho oon^a-ot 

iSfStet waa th*r«s i«i4 «««»ai «.fflise1&.l.« t.» th« facta l^ tht 
ofe»« fi.,t "bar. ?,he #«r€*«»eat ■wh'srt'feg^ Attgnsi ?f^© to hol..i 1« tsutt 
'4,1^ of *Jfe£(l« ft-hiwaR tar iieJasKlt w*9 to h* ?«?(!« eed to wyitifig ajad 
ei®ii«(d. It wnn not eig»«4. Until it vrm thero w«;,s no Ynli^« 
binding atmti'&et s^ith m^Bs4 to th« *«itt«r» Th« t;*ill km ruowtion 
5.&««ft to rofet i^yan th« trali^lty of ih© ort*! «crrf«tfit lishleh t>x« 
irritimg r^lsaittsd: w»« Ihtemdtd t« emh&fly. i^Jll eirid«nce ?..« i» 
ife^t to«k pl;s«?0 tjdsfos^ onah ©r«.-l errt.ngttisimt mtr. oYidtjJtly 
4ntxd^Ju<3«id 4iB t«ftdiis^ tfe show laiat 4«i«eh ftn . rrF«efeTa«f«t «i5e '"-^it'^hlo. 
^^<sihit$' it wn.ti or not it wt^M m^% e£^,p<'«.Me of ors/ereeaksnt r» ■'va 
©r^l a.gJTij^meBtt the |i»/ti®ss haring ooj5it.«ffE|>latod it sh-wld %? re- 
dusfcc. 14) wri*t»£r m%d -signed. Ass to th« t&<i%» pT^ef^dXng nti,nh ^r»l 
lif^ti.«tio» f0T & tm?.t »5s^r«eM«nt w«» think ®oi8ef>tl>ilwt4iat w-.b eB^icji^imdl 



m&tim <l^eM $mt ai«!f »mT-}^%^% "%»,#« mM %•■-■ --^^ ^^^ 



^J^ ... 









««M<-?.f i-: 






fr*a setting up aartytliiiie ^iffft^BHt frtm »*»* j»i»T9«iitr« 9ii the 
tbe d«or«« 44itmlu$»iiig th« Jtl'i foi* w *it »f «'TUlty will >» 

0iridl«y und E'itoh, J^,. concur • 



^i^^f^i^l-^'H. 



'sa»»*jc 



137 - 903M 



(a eerporrttlon). 

Appellant* 



HSHJSLIC, (a oopporatlon) » 
App«n*e, 




r"" 









..^ 



APPEAL imOX 

CIRCUIT COtJRT, 
COOK COOTITT, 



IJl (1 



-SI ,A> 



MR, »X.^ili>I»l ^5TIC5 BAHHE3 
DHLIVKRiSD ms OPISIOU OF THB CCKmT, 

TM* Is «i suit in nii^nafipeit to reooyer the »A»(mat 
of plaintiff's cheek on defendant bMSk on the ground thnt it 
W68 pttld oat without authority to und^reo the poyoe's nioM, 
end that the hank h»d notioe of that f»et in the seaner and 
fom of th« «B<iorsea«nt« 

Cn« Cryer had » oontraet with th« Sxpo&icion CoiaereicJL 
lni«rniieioRtikl« B. a«, (herttinaf t«r eekll&'d the iixposition Cospnny) 
to eet as its «gent In t»«lllni; floor Bpa^ce in Ite txposition 
building in Mexico City* M«xiOd« % tlitt teriss of the contract 
aaid eospaiQr wnR« un4er oert«iin conditions* to lease or i^ell to 
said Cryer 3800 square fe€>t of »pace en the fir^t floor of 8»id 
building in eo««ld<jration of 1.5000 he had p»id tinder the contraot. 
fhs oentrsot provides tlmt in the eve^nt of etioh s^Ie, t;ryer, the 
party of the second piurt, sthttli heTe "full right »»d authority 
to raesll or auhlftiae sidd epnee or imy part thereof to «i»y 
person or per&one ♦ * « ae he aight ees fit, and for any prioe 
that he sight d«aire, and ehnli have full right «nd authority 
to eolXeut &nj pe&rt or All of the lenised or s&lee prioe of aaid 
floor sp^oe at the time the contract suhle.^'i^inir or sellii^ the 
SBffle is entered into.* the contraot then prorides that «?her« a 
part of th«=? salee or X^need prioe ©f said floor ispaoe is not 



rl«^^3^= 



frv'f' 






tj i.. s-^' 









i.i' 






^i^^^j&'^m^'^'' 






!2,iJ.'?>Xi «^:i; ,;:neKA. 



,<?i>;.VSv»^ 



' I'tl'.^/tir' -irrj 






:?ja «:!? 



;i5t. 



-a. 

paid »t the tlnse It is resold, or le paid to th« ooaipainy it 
shell pny Cry^T r sum •qulvnlent to th«s dlffarenoo het««en tho 
©aount r«06lTffd by hlM and the oontrAct price for whlob aald 
apaoe or any p^rt thereof la leased or sold, suoh pmyBent to 
be made promptly upon rooelpt of the contract or leo.se "by the 
coarpftny. ^nd U.<- oontrtict further prorlde^e th&t *»ll the 
contractB to h^ wxeeuteS upon the forme used hy the party of 
the flret p«rt, & ftopy of «hlch Its heretrt pttaehed." 

The att0Ch«'l fora thus ref«rre4 to proTlde»d thct all 
oheeko ehould be n»de pi^sble to the ord«9r of euld eompany. 

eryer'e contract -slth s&ld ooapsny ^j^plred July 1, 1923, 
0» Jttly 6 th following he made a written contra at with Appelinnt 
In th« noaie of said oomptaiy on one of tniA i'ermn parportlntf to 
sell appellant 9S2.9JB a<pare fe»t of floor apnm on the first 
floor of the Iwlldlng for 13931.68 (at the Gowp^^nyH regular 
eehedule rate of ^4 m foot), for whlah eppeliant handed hl» its 
eheok for |SSO0 on appellee b&mk, }»9»rXnss the saw© date ttnd payable 
to the order of Oftid OxpesltiOB oe»pany. Cryer he4 the a feck 
certified the next d&y, endorsed on its back the nmae of the 
eoxapaay, *by i8, s* Cryer, i^ent,* and then hlo ow nm^, ^nd 
dsspoeited It in his poraojiftl lionount with the Iliinols trust 4 
S»,Tlng8 Basik, Chicago . the che«rk ^»s cleared in <^e course e^nd 
paid by oppelle« bank »M oharged to appellant* » EiCcount. 

Bearing the n^ms date, July fith* Cryer Jiddrsssied a letter 
to plaintiff &ckno«.l«!d«lng the receipt of the oheck for ,^2800 "in 
full payx^nt of ep&ee,* ©tc, ^<rfaleh v»s ei^ed in the n«ne of the 
coj^fjny by said Cryer. On J^ly 21, the oompany*© dlreotor general 
*rot© tt letter to plaintiff fro« Its office In Bew ^ork ut^'tiag 
that the BonorsindajB of its Hgreen^nt of July 6, 193^, had boen 
forurssTded to It on the Idth Inst,, by its "ex-egent" Cryer, 
evidently, m v&s aomuwd, to obtain its approval of plaintiff so 









* t V i-» . 



,'; riit'ssr ''->3fCf % 












««»*■ .0»i«ii*' 



^S-^ilt 



• i yi(5»l*, ' 









-5» 

aoi «Xhil»itor. Th« l«tter ack»<iwl«dgeel tli« right of Cry«r ea th* 
termination of his ag«ney to re»oii the spaooa tn\ stated that 
th« cowpeny »(*» not uni-rtMlcinj: to m»(k« ftny contract with plain- 
tifff tlimt it should h« aado by ploiatiff with Cryer, ««d tho 
Qhook «>houid ho made i>a,yH,ble to Kia tmd not to tho ord«r of tho 
eonpsj^* Tho X«ttor« heweTor, wpprored of pXfeintiff *iO na e;idhilii1»r 
•Lad gfere it iaronB^tioa of l^o po8tpoa<?m«at of th^ tiao of op#aiBg 
the oxpositioa and the tixM for forwArdlni!; tho f>xhihite. Hr plying 
to thio letter ob July 3<« pluiatiff stated ia effeot thi^t it 
mppooed it was meJeing tho eoa tract wi^ tho eoopaay* it h«ing oa 
its printod fora* ecnd aftor ref«r^ng to the fors of ita ohoelr «n<l 
the eadorsoAeato eeksd for an affidHTit At the earliest i^oosihlo 
aK»««nt to the «ffooi thfit Of^id Cryar did not hsTe ^mthority to 
endorso the c&mpB3ssr*» nams on soil chook* An of 'idairit to th»t 
effeot we«0 oont to plaintiff on ^ly ^« Of »Bmm date tho cttnapftx^ 
wrote plaintiff o letter in rey^ly to its letter of Suty 36. In it 
it again otated th&t Cryer hi»,d tho pririlOA^o of ^lliac 9»i^ space « 
mhjttct to the oonditions of ito regular pi'inted fom of i*zhl'hitor*o 
soateaot* (which wire sot forth in tho eontrinet fom ue^d) hat that 
Cryer iji so doing vao not acting i» ite j^«^nt imd b«ua no onxthority 
to ondoreo ito eheelr, mrA i^ddo^i *ao wa do not wirh to »«e yon 
sufftr in thio «ftttor« w« will nay that vo «kro ^rfeet^ willing to 
haTe you uoo the apaee hought of ll^« Cryor» during our «xpoKition4 
i>eeeahor 1 to ]>ec««.ber 51, 1920** (vhon the expoeitten ^fts t<» tM 
hold) "tmi eirslt yo«tr 8.oeept@no« ae thi^it we o«n list ymtr noino 
eaong our ex^hitors.* 

Zt doojg n&t Kpv^mr thftt plaintiff reiseindedi tho eontr!».ot 
•r r^^sG^d 8uoh offer and r«tifiQ{}tion of it. lor <^o#e it feppear 
thftt m^ notice of these proetoedingo /^nd of saeh eorr^wpondenoo 
or of the alleged went of enthority hy Cryer to eaderso ^m eonpos^'o 
B8u«e on the e&eck ao aforesaid, -wnm ever brought to the attention 
•f defendant baiik prior to the beginning of the suit on november 



■■■ '■t$*^x Hi:':' 
,it© ^? , :.m<f»®» '»>'ii' if*!*' #a«^*;' iWt.l;ii«tK!f ^vsjafiKi^Ai- 



«<^-v ■ i ■ ' :' r " ' ^;4i; ^fift ii^'i ^i^';':';.«s 0.' 

■"(.ii I'f ?'.''' 

.Stm*^-^ff- :. . -. :, ^ ...... - .-.. .. .: ; 

-rise- .. ■',■, '^•*ii.i«»&Jt^%M'.'ri «J^ i[*1i^ft 46at« |j»#9»f,-5';; "o 



.4- 

27, X93a» some four iwntlia later. It n.pp9ttTM thftt th* exposition 
was not hold - that the oompttny vent Irato bankraptcy ot some later 
period • 

J^roB this evidonee «e think two pireeuaitptiOBs nttflt Ismt 
indulged: (1) th^t in the abaenee of « resoisclon or proof there- 
of plaintiff e;ceepted its st&tus ne an exhiMtor* whioh was net 
Altered \^ the faot the^t the campmiy i^ubsequently urent into b&nk- 
raptcy; taii (a) thst plulntiff hsYing &cm'pU4 tmoh &tata« with 
knowledge thiit Cryer wra entitled fjo the proeeeds of the s^le. 
And, as mmy be inferred fro» iibsenee of proof to the contrary, 
hftviag allowed its obeok to be ehr.rged up gainst it» Roeount in 
d«f©Bdfmt bsnk without notifying the b^aak of tmj ^ant of i»tithori1y 
of aryor to endorse tfet eheck, until it brovusht its suit, it 
)^efai«seed in th^ ehrrge. 

Sf the endorseatsnt wms »ade ^^ithout (authority it w»s 
plaintiff* s dtt^, if it did n&t intend to abide Toy the tri^neaetion* 
to notify tlie bank thereof promptly or within a re«»s«nable tiaw in 
•rdor thi&t it aj.ght take stops to prevent its loss, vfliioh ^muld 
be presumed fro® delay or negllgenoe eo to notify lt« ( yjlrot 
igtfete Bank t. First TmtionBX ^imk. 314 Hi. S«0, 87S; Hion. 
Retion»l Bsnk Y. y^rsw rs^fe Meohanies* Kiatioiael. Bimk, (Pa.) 16 
A. 2*. B. Ann. 1130.) In %h<s oase fir^t eited the court reoegniaoA 
the principle th«Lt irikutn tiiere heu been en onreMs^onable delay in 
diftoovering end giving notiee of a forgery it will bar a recovery. 
In that eaeo there wks t^ilante to report the forgery for upwards 
of three montho. we think the sma« principle is applicsble to 
^le ease «t btof. 

Mowever, iistirithstt>indini; the exposition oempeiQr stated 
ia it« letter of July se, thwt Cryer had no giuthority to 
endorse its ebeek* its oonibrebet, -^b above set forth, by i4iiSh 
th%t ^estion fintet bo determined, shows the contrary. It 
«llo«ied him the right to resell tlue spaoe in mention and ro* 



Mw^Kir flelsfo* ,-xa0f 

.jeifJM' 1*^ **** •*** ^-^ •ia^.,.:' 

?sx ^ • ■ ^ ■ ': ■ ■ 






Ittir^d hia t« ue« on* of its f«mt whieh not only proTld«d 
tli:!»t Qh«e]cn in |»»3rra'«nt nhoald l3« mndfn out to it» order, Imt 
£«▼• bi« full ri,$;ht tmd r«uthorlty to ooi.l««!t thw prlo« of imeh 
Ofitle, &»d if tmf part thfitreof wmn not paid for, thu* eowpAnjr 
«rould pay ^ila isrowptly ujwn reeelpt of tlw <sontr;K<:t for tho 
diff«reno«> %«tw»«n th« etOMrant rec«>iT«d find tho iwiount not pnlA 
for, thns iH|tXiedly« if net •xnresaly. «na thorl sinjtt hlat to 
enrtoree h eh^^k glYon for hlo Ofli iipaoo ««d benefit* tlMme;h 
r«e|aire»d to b» bi«4« n«^abX9 to ito order • In other ^norday ^«hllo 
the *iR»o for»«litl«f8 w«r« ro<T«lr«*d as If tile b«1« w«a m^tdo liy tho 
oaiB^^ie^ It nftTs-rtheleoa rocofgil''.*'^ tho o»il«« wrloe b«lttn«i?»d to 
Cryor and «xpr«ssly gore hia tibo right to <»1X»q% the *«aj3Wi, Tbi* 
eff»ot of the trananetion wsib to «s!t%hllah a oontrjt^ot J*0l%tion 
bat^nren tho oistsany and app«lltjiit so far ae tiio fozwir «&t olsliffod 
to roaerya tho apa©a« «n4 th« lattf^r to ohserro tha eonditione of 
ih« re«}€3rTstion» teit und«?r th« i^ro-viaiono ©f Cryer'a eontrr>ot 
«ith tho t}^n^fmf0 tho fmraha^a fri(»> end ehaok ^^ifan tVi<9refor 
b«l0B/fed to 0ryer with his ri^^t to oonytrt it into eaah. 

90 think, t^eraf or«, thet dt'f«nd«sat sn»t«ittO'j tim 
bardon e»8i tapon it of showing smthori^ to «^ndorn« the shaek* 
Int bafor« it w&a ebXiit«^d under th« istsues ttn ahov oadh 'authority 
plaintiff wus bound to show diligonoo en i%» part to enable tho 
bask to preyent loss to lit and there wti* no i^finofitiye t>roof 
of sttoh diligonoo. 

In view of thi« eoneluaion it ia inuaatariaX adtotilwr or 
not np^ollant )mow thi^t Cryer w@$ isallinit; hia own &pnse» But 
on thjet fsot we eanr^ot siqr th^ t tho rerdlot i« afAnifsstly ai^^inot 
^o w«iji^t of tho airideaeo, ApiN&llant oontanda th^itt this trn<^ the 
ertioial fact in th$ cmao« and that baoirvoBe the na^ti^tiono for 
tho oontraet vera had «ith ite pr« aidant* In th« t>re»f>80<? end 
haaring of hia son, and thay ymUx 4«oni«4 ery«»r*» ta&tiaony to 
tha «ff«Qt thi^t th« forSMir kna» C'rjer wm» acllin#; hia o^m apaeo . 



h'i'-Si M^&^fS V'?<*i^ ? *.f? *f '^ if?*' pf*^*^?^!" '^?' $ "y*^ ?*^c? 



,ftis<r ;;? ytj 'iKljflJMSSi «ii# til».«s Iji^v . 






':i«SMtrxif^ i&l^i if^<: 



' iltam^' 



?ti,!l S-'':S»> ^'^r""- b.iP'*^--'--'- 

i8st^^ ami?- 



■i# /.' ■ ^^iJ. ' 



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t^ ■^ffj^'! 



«ii]S(i r«<ttd hia oontaraot witli th« oonp«n3r« the pr«fond«rane* vf 
lb* >«';ria«no« vne with mppeliant* But there was othctr t*»timeny 
iMAring tai»on the faot nitiioh th« .fury iiro'b^bXy considered in 
det«raining ^e or«diliiXitgr of tli« vitnescee on thia point* 
tkm eontarust e^JLlad for a payment of $2&0i) on o parohnse prioo 
Of ^-.^93Jk*68« On ths SROMt d&y Cryor's i«>tt«'r nokne«X«d|K«d the 
4a80C> st» poyvMtnt in full. In axplsmr^tion of this he t«stifi«d 
th«t ho w?i» obligeti to follow the exposition co«p8s.wy*» for» ff 
eontTfiiCt ^hieh required tht «@le of enoh ap«iee for saeh prie* 
(ttt #4 p@r squsore foot}» and ae under his oontri^ot he ootild »oIl 
his oon epa@e t^t any prioe he 8«;« fit, ho negoiii^ted the aaXo 
therefor la faot for tSSOCi, and in ju^tifioBtion of hie tittthoritjr 
so to do hoXdl appellant* president it wi&s hio oon ep^oo oad 
showed hiA taio oontrstot with the oonpfiny* Appf>lIm9t*B preeideat 
sset such testiawny toy testifying that the di^ Rfter the eontraot 
W4i» entered into Crjrer eume, to htia imd si^id thi&t he aould settle 
the eontraet for less mnney if he paid o»eh« This is not only 
iaconaiatent with on %elcnowl@d(iP»ent of the p^synient in full on the 
pr^Tfioiis day, "iwt aloe with the f^et thi;,t |g©CO womld "bo received 
ia nxiy erent by the tersaa of Utm eont^raoi. It io rather difficult 
to umi^r stand ehy if his tes^tiiaony is tmo, Cryer should Sttr5'«iad.0r 
:^is right to over ^IjOOO yet to he paid under the oontr^iot* or 
l^laintil'f should net have bod the oontr^at changed «ihioh peat it 
un€<i?-r iku% o'blig^tien. ^^ueh un orr«ngs»iBent would gf itself pat 
&Pf#XIant on in^lry &.» to Cryer*s authority to makB it» v^oh would 
n#!^tu rally hiwe hoon expl^sinod by ref^renoe to the <i(mp^ja^*st oon* 
trs.ot giving CiTor spiMse )m a^ght eell for hiatself « to eaimot 
sityt therefore* ^^t the Terdiot wm.» sginif « )s tly i^ainet the freight 
of the ^Tide?noe nnd think tSam Judpsent ehould ho effiraied* 

dridley a»4 fitek, JJ.« eonoor* 







f 



M, »• COXJLta* f»r th« as* of / ) 

AMiHiCAF cio^ii-nr m accowtart^ ) apical froh 

\ ^Pl^lJeet ) KBBICIPAL COURT 



▼•\ / ) 0? CKICAOO, 

I 

\ 



^^-^ ^on.. 610 



Thie ftjo.pe^l preeenta tho j|ue«tl©n «iieth«r th* oourt 
«x«releed » »ouad aid«p«ti!»«i In denjriisg th« notion of ^b« 

rs9tli tJ9* ^tm<^X%^.^tmX .■trid^^Bient )wr<4 the flTi&l Jtadgasent 
w«r« «nter#<5 ^ default nt the gst-r«lBh«0 to )a|iiiri'««jp on the r«t»ra 
aisy efter 3<«rria« iai«» Risi>d« for e^eh edeaeltm upoe its Xoeal 
«ffi«lir dr ai^aiit. 

yr»«! the EffidsLTii ef ite ldi»«;,I etoalstant isenneer, fi}«4 
ia support of ttw aK>ti9B» it m,^-pbi^% tlij^t on «iieh return di^y lit 
attended th« onurt «»£ k«3jr4 tbe fi^&« oaIIo«it Imt bolBg ignor^fit 
of tho proeeoaiuro or iio effoet and not Imring ^e (kdTiofl of o 
l«iqror« nait)i#r mtM on ornl ro^l^aao nor filed kh «no«»r« and 
that he did R»t hetvo lmoit»Xeag» of t|u» Judgzsont until scrrioo of 
tho oxoeution. Hlo affidavit also fiots up th^t tho gemlohoo omo 
aot iRd^htod to tho ^udg«ant d^htor and aevor h»4 boon* 

$hlXo thero io ao pnet^noo that igne ran co of tho lav 
eXono jfistified the «^tion it io ttrgo4 :?i^^ upoe the %%^Xm of 
footo »et forth in the <^fi4i»irit @honing ^ filO'Od defenao to tho 
aerits «md goad f^ith in a.ffi«mt*s @^ttond««oo in re8t»nne$ to tho 
writ en oi^sh oesffsioa* though in irner^oioo of iKh t h« ««« to do» 



r c^. ", r h 



.... 1 



Hill "t y mH m '■'^* >:rt^ ': * =^^f uf II- ■ '^ iii«^ 

iif^m^-.ff-af . ■■■■♦f•*i^J^f^■■ 

" :> 4*!^m«- fr - . ..:.r 






•8* 

th«st %9 ^rftrnote Jvstlao ill* e«mrt*« diQ«r«tloB nhouKl Hat* 1»«*b 
•xexreitttd in faYor of thv notlen* It lu« lM«n held in thl« -tat« 

tto»% wottrlthwtnBdlni? It wan a atetter ©f dlaCTatiim TrMther n d«f»ttlt 
should \)« est aside, still, 0'»ee» »fty »rli4« Itt -^Ich th?r* ha« been 
stseh A &tet« of fnotB aa to emXl uiwn the osart to liit«rp«B«» to 
jtran»t« .iwfttia^j, lay mri^Tfing, k .ieoislen ffiad« in the •x<?rci®« »f 

dlecr^-Uoar^ry l>«(^r, rv,l«!aiM'.^,...T». l«a.>^* SI 111. '2:S2; KjijgOB ▼• 
KcB«»|arj|„eJb a^. , 57 III. 274, 877,) =?« think thl» 1b ©fw of tho«« 
e6.»«*, esi^ftclslly i-^s a asore llTseral ml9^ 18 gerjerelly aptilled t« 
appllofiitieRfi »f gamlalafta f©y rcfii«>f froia ^ef suite th*m i» ftppii«d 
t« »p?>lisj"tlftn« Ijy &rdlnesy <:t«f tm^ftBtii . thtu i» ^'<Ji^i?e a gaxaishee 
iB »fit «ii lB'l«rest<?d p»rty in tJie prceertilag' && far &h RBQr pro^iMiot 
of feoiiif? iM'iwfltC'ii is c«ncsra«d, jret n© Interfen^fisd third |»«r»on ao 
fsr »« th« d.-^-BgiT «f b«^t.!sg irjtsrcid le eon<s#rB«d« (t'oyiSttR ^jria* Y«l, 
as®, p, S3S; l^i^yet stR^. %nk y, g^eneaiafc. 23 Ho, adk.. Vol, uj, 568? 
t^$»Ier oTi JTttctfBw^ntB sua (Jsmishsastits, 2d !Jd«# 6©e, ?501; I'trb^ t. 

ifRB resittlreft, Isy ♦,he writ to »P9«sr 1b e^^rt in p«jt»oi3 im-i fjdovojr 
or^-lly »s «i wltBoes, amd m.n %m tKC% in atts«d;>nee for oaofe l^rpooo, 
«B<5 .fe <i»f*silt wss t«3c«B stgiiiaat Masi, it m.vs helii thst the naurt 
oxe-yoiooft » nouBd 4l^«?(?tioa In Tse sting ife« JadgKont* { ,a^jt ▼, 
lls^iiB, 1 T«x. .*fi?. ClY. Sue, 1317,) 

lit "vlour of onv sdncluaion th? t tho court almood ito 
dloorttlan in 8«e,li slreiaiast^iioe? In aot Taojatiryi tfeio ,ttt«igi&e»t»t&o 
»oti«5B for wiae^ ^..B mile ■;fitlidB thirty a^u of ito on toy, w« noed 
»ot e©B.tid«r tlno oVs^ir point urc^^^ tik*.t th« flBol Jud^rmt m>B a 
imlilty. 

Aec«rd4ttgly tli^ jUJ^noBt i» jpt^eracd a»d t&c otittoo 

3P01lKBillHS©d» 

©ridloy s»d fltoh. JJ,, ooboui** 









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1«V • ^420 



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# 




WWLCUAL COCHT 
Q9 CHXCAOe. 

\'/ *""'""• * 241 I. A. 611 

i»sLiTi!is© fas oPiBios ©F fHs ce0jtt, 

tMa appeal iB fr«m » judipawnt on th«' ewiift** finding 
««s.iitat ^IMntiff on i$tip|]Lft%«<ii f}i«tt«. tl^ntiff is t? • i«<i«s«e 
•f e«rt«ift rrftl «9i*t^, )sn<si ^'-fert^ants gr« r«gMite «t.gsign«©8 ftf 

to 1k» «re€t«d t]i«r«ea "in ^QoerAsmeti with |»i«iyi« «m4 «9p«GifieAti9n« 
aktt8t<dii>^ tls«retft** f^ reefing s^ecifie^iitis* ptiiTi^e tttr eevsring 
tbe «»tir« r»of with fattr I^fvrs «f fslt laid gp«T€fl» an^ f»r 
flashing »£«nnd D&e ehiiaaey* "%li«^ vbftlv t* h« dotsft is m thoroiii^ 
iknd verlssftnlikft niiii»«x' »»<$ gusrejateed for fiT« ^'AKjrv** Bef«r« tlw 
ftxpi3>«ti«a «f tli« fiYt y«eril ih« r»af b«Ti»g l«f«Jred trvm BWBm et^M 
or simMs n«i 4i«ei«»8d in the stijaalfttien <»f f«,8t», wiseth«r ff«« 
p«oy »«tfe-riel, h*4 K«»riaittitr»shi|s ttr «th«f>vitte,i l»ii;dntifl' r*rn»«»t«d 
d9f«nd«nts to repair ^e $e»e. th^y r«rf^e«d %ii(l r*|^rB ware as4c 
1»3r ipl&iaUfff for «meh it a«eks \^ this mit to W r«ieharse«S* 
flw thc'ory of plaintiff** eli&in i» Oi)^ t »ai4 fii«rAitt|r 
ftl^a« ia ttitt «ritt«a apeeifier.tioas Mastitutcai & oaT«n«at en the 
piert «f th« le8fi«r ^liiihifiih rams with th« iandi ««4 i» hindLinf^; ea tiM 
*»*iga«««. t^8 is i[^ nieosnoeptiea. 7h(& gQ£^@Bigr ««'« «ae bjr tlw 
mntt&^%mr im th« l«sfc«r, a«t Igy ^*« X«8««r ^ th* l«9e«0t »«* 
e«a«ti^%*» ao l@eitiaKt« port (if the ep«oifie.«ti«aB t^ti imeh, ia 
th« eea«Mi^ in i»hieh th«jf ar« r«if«rr«»d U» ia th« !.««««• frue» th« 









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■mtA 



Tol .. ,4i«!tit«vM 






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1«A»« Ofelied for MRatruotlon vf » Vmiiainit in aoo«r<)ene« with 
thie fiXiAn* »nd i»i>9eiric^ tlonn, nnA f»r iwglit elMim t« thr oontr^rj 
it v«:e s« conistrtt^tcd. Vut th^ri^ nay 1m) c!on»tr»ctl«n aoo«r'3ins 
tn plans n»4 «|K)0ifl9»ti9ii8 snd a till not fMlf ill the pr»KiM tf 
thi>«ir «ii4ur»nott. the guar^ml^ «^» rb in')<»p««n<l«!iii uBd^Ttalcini^ of 
th« e«mir»<;tor in «ff«($t ib^-t lf» (Min»«tmet«<l »<! -ftriiiBs to the 
S|^8ifi6»tioa(»« tli<% r<k«f did not l&Ht an^ withetsiid tli« olftflHiBts 

f*r fiTo ye«tres>i«' «ould make it good for th t l<mi;th of tisi«. But 

it8 
tho l«as« dl4 Bot i^roTid« expressaly or Iby/n^ft^r^Boe to Om 

oi>«cifio«tioBiisih&t tile lefl«or or hXu i&a&igBo s-oul'^ !>^a'rAat tho 

works «^^ soke ne«««fr<«>r7 y>%9«ira if the erentr^-'e'^r did not. In 

f«ott the l«&@o (iont&ini» R«Bt«^ro«s proTlsl^iui ^.^^t nnig'^tiT^ «ay 

tmah ttonatructioa or iBt«Btion* St «K>ros«ly troYidop thst tho 

i««!!?e« h«,» «s*»l»«<J a«4 kaoiitf tii« isonditi^ns (-n^ re^twlreiBent* 

s.d otitliJMi4 iB tiMr i^tt»eho>i flsuat £314 »|^«;0iflrailoii«, tti,i^t it 

inrald iirjce ii^sgossioB «» eonrpletioB of t)^ bttll<iiB,^« »m<i -'-'ftk bo 

farther rocptireieentt of th« 3>»«»or} liil^.ijt tm taJcin^ |iftts»««!9ioB it 

»olBRo«le4g€o the bullalBg hft» Im^'^b #r«Qt«<4 in mmpli»3B99 witjb thm 

t«r»« of th« flfsBlae snd 8h»ll l&givo BO furth*^r 5l«:ia or cliiiM 

M^lBst tJte lessor* ttBleoft n.t mm tisa» of ti^klnj^ ^»n«»«!l«n it 

fiOSftll furBtsb ft vrittoB et^tt^n^-nt to lUae le'«s*er giring in d<?tall 

8tt«di o^jeatloas £t» it m«iy b^V4 in ^oBBoetion iritla tte« ^nflnlalMt 

MBstrttetion ».eoordi»g to tlio jjians smd 8p«elflcwtio«»j th«t t^ 

looeor dlMall naX ^ lial4« far say d«tai$^« oee«oio«ff^ Igf fi&tl»r« to 

l»nf oeid pr(i9Bia«« in reii&irt or for dtisifi^. occ»si#>re<i %^ w»»tor, 

or 
OBow or ioe bolKtg m|>oa or moAm ^rtmish «ms rocf^arlfstBg front 

May ftoto of eo«ten«£Bts or otii^r oeoBf^ata <^f t!l3^ samk?) ^lil^lBgs 
•» Of ««y o^«ero or oeaij^aBte of «4|a«eat or eonti^ono »rofi«rty« 
THoro ia bo evi^^moe i^mt oa t««lelag p«»e«iieien of *di^ 
»r9|»erly ijlaintiff su^^Mittoe! eny Bt«te««Bt in «ritla« of ob^octioao 



i-:^v- ^ ^.v.s|r lift ^jkiiw*! *., 












^sawnlia- 



a?^i«ifi- 



10 






.3» 

to tlM eanatrtietion* nar how the leak in th« roof wab e««ood« 
vltfitlMr from paar tmn«txiie%lon ftr otJaorvivo, Th« Xe^^n^ 
«I«»rX7 |»rovl(lftB tlif<i th« les»<s» aholl aatE* r«9&lr8 j^t lt« 

own »is|i»»»«, e,n<i e;tpre»«ly thftt th« lun'Uor'.^ sh»Xl not Im 
r»i'1>Aitel>)i« or llal^le for mir ^«aittgo •«<!}«)£) loaetd t^f )»iQr v-<£'.t*r 
soMlnir throttt* the roof. V**Mnfi into «joa«l'.i#r,fttl«n «ll tho 
«0TeB4s«i& mtd «gr«<£K:«iitr! iJi tint Xmtttm ve^ think ^aintiff h»« 
no »m.»9 of >«^%Aoii« 

¥lui j«idypi«snt io «ffix»»<l. 



/\ 



189 • 304SO 
nLUAW Q, SSHAY, 



A9p«llimt* 







/ ) CIRCUIT eotJKT, 



11^ A* UMaY, 



COOK C0trin?T, 



Wu». 



KR. JSiiTICa BAa»«S BaxySl??P TES OMWIOSf 0? THS COtmT* 

7hl» »pp«al is fro» all or4er inQTrntieln^ em eiliOT«»M 
appellant wa» pr^viiHisly ordered to pay for the support of hio 
t«0 ehlldren l»y marriage ulth appolioe, hia former wife^, from 
upturn h« obttdBOd lei ^ivoTM* The ohiX^ros, l)ew<&vtr, ii«r« 
«vax^«d to hor ouotodjr. 

The petition for etieh inoroetse a»0js filed lay 6rp«lloo« 
Betting for^ that on tj^a&sibeT 21, 1917. he h&6 Iwen ordorod 
to pay fl@ f<^r moB^ for their tiapportj thnt sh« «me now o^licod 
to s«n& thois ts «e)»»ol »9 thsjr h&4 attain^ d eeliooX age; that s&id 
^loi«»n6e «(s.e inadeqaato for th»ir oupport, naintenimee and 
education; th«t both children roemir^d n«dienl «ttt«ntion for 
rssisoBs @tetsd in the pttition; th^at her pe^K^r to support the 
ohildren hg4 heQ^mti imp««iri»d» and th$tt tippolle^t wms eo« e»ming 
ia sxe^ss of #300 per month* . 

Appellant *o ajis-mor to the petition set up thii^t he «rme 
reoeiring #SI?5 per mon-Ui «%s a dentiat in » position not persmnentt 
"^ r^i^n&n of vKhieh ho h^d equipj^d on outoiAo offie« to eatfvhlioh 
hiaeelf in the praotiee of hie profeseio?^ to prepare for the 
eontix^^noy of tlM» termin^^tion of hie employment* for vhioh he hod 
horro««d moB«iy and inmirred o l^^rge ind^htedneenj that he woe 
n^mln married smd thereby euhji^cted to inar«i&eed expeneee* and 
if he «ere ro<|ttir«d to pe^ en additional allo«ranoe it i^ould worJt 
o great hordflhip upon bim* 






S ;«*<-«'■; V t-i >;• K -". 



»-'''^' •■■-*• i ''' 



'$ ■iU 






When th« ]>ctitien w&» a«ill«<! up App«IlcBt la reply to 
tli« court* 8 in^uiriOB stated the>.t iihen thd d«er«e wns ontsred 
he w@@ etirnlng 1100 ft Bcsnth, >tt at ttast tlao hlti inoom wsio |27S 
A 0onth* HiB counsel than r«ijiRrked that «a tht order entered 
ohorily after the diroreo r«q[air«d u p&ymont of $Sfi a sonth for 
th« support of the children tmd later, in 9«a«!a1a«r» 19S1, it was 
oh^jngQi to 4rSC ft Bkonthc he wished to prove the ftlIeg»tions in the 
easipsr &a to t^ppellont'e expenditures ms therein ap>cifie<4, and 
that in 1917, while SK&king less aonay his expenses irere pro rat* 
lose then ^en snaking asre tmney and aarried again* sjtd that hio 
wife was aboat to fee eonfined. The court ruled in effect that tho 
pro<»f would ^ iBBnaterial or unneceeeinry* for «id»itting th« truth 
Of th«@e faots uteieh w^re imt up in Mm isnswer it Appeared thet 
when the ord<»r of 1917 w»e entered his inootte w&& only |100 a 
B»nth» wherea«! it «<»e noer $^5 a month, ei^d Acoordinglj entered 
tho order iacr^^asing the nliotranoe fron ISO to 175 prr nenth* 

fo fail to see uny erTor or almse of diseretion in the 
order or the procedure* The oourt haying adsedtted hs true all 
api.HBllsnt wlahed to proye, he i»a» denied no opportunity to present 
idustt he wished the oourt to oonsider* The children v^re wards of 
the oourtt And it unquestionably had ^risdiotion to require 
appell«at to aialce ndecKUftio pro7ieion for their needs ee f^r an ho 
was able to do so« As said in Flfeajgr y. g3i,aBter , 47 111, S99, a 
•oaei^at similar eeeo« th» decree did net impose upon the mother 
the dati^ to support the children nor relet^sc the fitter from that 
o%lii|,'ition. Of oottrse, ineree^ed expeneea ineident to n e* eond 
Carriage or tbo effort of app«ll»nt to eetahlioh himeelf in tho 
pr@.ctiee of his prefej^sion had no sueh @ffeet. "^liile he eamtot Im 
rehired to pay heyfl»nd his ahility, te cannot sey froa the admitted 
fiiOts that the order requiree him to* l^e t^nrt is still open to 
hiat if hio eiroumstanees Justify its modifie&tion* 

lie counsel h&m cit<3d esses to the effect that to jurtify 



Mint a^s itn^fiisi'?'** ■'xot »'^iif.«is*»»i»ffi»ir 'Sfii l^Jt'if'^^iS ; • ««f 

syS:^ ■ ■ ^ ■■■ ' .'. 

■' ■■ ■' - 1. '•'■lifii/'fsit @' 

., / '^J?TTi3i? 'ftlf' 'liSl ■: . ■ ■■^Tt-^1 ?^'5;t ?;?!' ti^iji^' ^J^^|*- 

S^#<ti;- 



sa ord«r for »n lBaT«»»« of nlitieiiy iproef i^hottld %« nutA* •f a 
oh&ng« of t3irctU)aBt/«ne<es fros these eontti^flir^d when the orl|;iiutX 
order was entered* ffeo order «»j»peaX«d. frore 1« not en Ordsr for 
lner(i«'.««»<9 itllawny b«t for «mp!M)rt of %hn chiXiran* TlM»f5« two 
obligations for «liloh the -jourt n^ minkti proTliilon tin-ier twctlon 
14 of th« ;lToro« Act nr*' dlatinot and; sopajrate. (JSHflHs^X *'• 
Konitsmfr. 112 111. a|s??, S-^fi; Flngtor t. Pl.-itn^r . .mtgriR: Fpof 
▼• £SLSiS.» ^2 Jll, 4'3S.) In the. PlasVr oac;© ojj or«i-.:?r for tlie 
«u|»|)Ort of th« aWll'lTen, ©ntsreA twtliw y«fir» fe/tor th« cioere© 
of dlToro®, :.nd !.ift»3r t)3a or<i«r for aJLlwwwy fead ij«®a uiBciiKrgeci, 
:*»« jiffiraed ithQiiy upon th« ocllgi^tioa of the f?i^©r te 
sapp^Tt then* 

Bttt if £"1^ sualJi. proof wK-iB rct^aiaitte tl mffteiently 
»5)?o*r©d iB tii« fs»ot Of ^3M ehfitjgs in appellant*© imees^i &«« 
the now nsocssitioe »n<l oondi tio«e of tihe fi5ili<lr«a sine® tha 
first order for their ©t2p;^rt nm isjjter«f<l» 

?h« or^or appsalod froK is Affinaad. 






*tw» /*©.'. 



a04 - 5046ft\ 



HAESY A. TSKHTSOB, / ) 

Appellee, / ) AtPSAL TSXm 







^ ■ /. ... ) 



) Cf cue AGO, 



OSCAR v.Krm & gokpaby /"'■^^^•"' • ) P* 41 U T 



1 841 



■'•■ m, pnFSXJJijm ^;^wei! BAfurss 

JxatlTr^tS-D TMS OPirilOl? ©F THE COtlET. 

This ie » euit in aetiwtte lireught in the ManicipaX 
eottrt of Chie^HSO to obtsiin poee^eelen of en s^tonebile Y&lued 
«t fSOOO* flw statement of eXisiB »et» forth th« eoscntiftl 
el#»ents of such & erdiee of t&otton. The cffi^arit of tserito 
set* uf) th« apAOiaX defsnam ti!i»t the propertsr wmti det«iB«4 «s 
9*rtifiX s@0ttritj for the |»«yment of en in<lubt^>;inos9 ^€» fron 
plaintiff » jssid th&t it lund a le^ml rigiit to retain th« 
pro|>«rty uatiX sueh ind«1}t«dlno»a is fully pts^id &»d diec^^rgid. 
Bef«ndlF.iit apTi?«ttl8 fro« e. .fadpwjnt agisilnot it. 

$11 stttaiiosioR of tfe« os^se t<9 t}Mi oourt with«?ut a 

prellminaiy 
tary it ««« aoiaiov'ledge^ >y a«f«n^snt'e eouBeel in hi ^ state- 
ment to tl&e Qourt that oueh »«» the ioKi« td 1»« trl<4d. In 
response to ^iut eourt*8 inquiry ^e stated thr>i tlso ^rojitertgr 
*i»»« «eniiir«d se a pXeclge for an indebtean«8s| ♦ «' « «« elniai 
that there i« sn indehtednoss Mid th/it w« Xskf^fttXly ceee into 
poo^etisien of the our jsn<l nre Xograx^ lafrtiOjaing it until ho 
8h<a,l pay «a the soney; * « ♦ iw have n^v^r h«';n paid, -m Ht($ 
^e«|ting it XawfaXXy* He io indebtesi to »« nnd he pl«4ce(} us the 
err in 1to<? first inst^tnee." there ean be no ^justtion, th«^reforo, 
of the ist^ue f^reeented both 1^ ^e p>l«^eidings and the ftdmiosiions 
in o|ien eourt* teTerthoXoaa, deffindsni neithc^r prcTe<t mr 



g^ % ■ -^^^TTt* ^ 0A^m 






&J: ti 






-2* 

Att«aiVt«:i ti; itroTtt a pleds<»* ^^<^ none !• di«cIosed \ij the 
eirauiaetunesa In evld«'»Off . On th*j ««ntPKry, <l«f*nd8«t and»r* 
took to proTo thnt plrtlntiff "gftve ' it tho HUtoma 1:116 to -ippXy 
on M* «lX«ge4 Indebtedaose > though th«r« ^va9 no r^tt«i!K>H to 
prove ftB ag^res^ent to ttJte It s^t «»ny «p«cifla Tnlne - nnd 
s««k8 Q reiTeraftl of tlw judisnent olfoimlng th«t the proipond^TAinco 
of eridineo shews lt» o merehlp thereof. But Xht^t Vi,& not 
the defense or r«T0^^ia.3 I i^pvie. nil evl^enoo on tliet Bub,feet 
should have be;* dlarognrde-A »s irrelev/;i«t; rmd In this connection 
it Bu^ h« said th&t ■1««fe«da»t'» offer in wviiSisfioe of ewTeral signed, 
Icmsth^r IntsjfTlero and eoaft<seiono of sppolioe he«sTing upon 
dofole»tion£ \iy which h^ ¥fd«uR«r in<$«>ht»d to It end <*rhioh he had 
•Ireivdy t«etifi«<i to pmd t:**mi%%^<i, wjvb pr©|>erly excluded for their 
irreleTantiy iR iKsslr entirety if for no other rojjoon, Tfe» offer, 
hA«oy»r, eras ma-ie on thff grotmd of i»|»*»aeh»ent. If K^Bis.^lhle for 
th«,t jMirpO!*e taen diifsB'liant shottld hove offered the relevoat 
peurio tk^roof »nd not the entire doeuBwnto. 

Hit <3t«at«'ntion ia s^mdo hy «kp3!>eli)siit that »ueh pl#«dlneo 

thot 
were not r®!|ttiro£, ®r/lt -we relieved by &iny rule of court from 

oonforming to the ordinary couroo of jsrooed^iro roc^irlng adherenoo 

to i»»u<»a f©rH*d hy th© ple^'fdingo, ^o« resinded th«tt defendnnt 

had «4aitt«d :^iainttff*s o^^^rehip of tho oaar in ite ploftdingo, 

tmd, th&t it mmu stated und^r o»^ that the o«r *^o put tap ®i» o 

fi«d4i«a ite mnn^tX rcm^rk^d: "Oh, that ie jtuot pleadineo, «ro 

donH hAT€ to et^nd hy our pler^dinire; «« oan alvayo ehunge then." 

:^t «hilo 60unt«;l recogniy«d tho newenaity of unending the offidarit 

«f msrite liqr si'ieuginF. liio imt^ ^indebtednoee* from the eingular to 

tjse pluriAl, h*3 neither m&6.^ nor «%eked any ohonge in th© pleading 

wifch r«aps3et te the ground ftn «^ieh defendsnt cleiiMd the right 

to detain the suiosaoHle. t» tho eouroe of the trial, ^h»n 









• tisV- list 






••t»Kri,it*a > 









V4.S 't^ii 0,' ^.£^'ytiJ','S^''::i 



mar ; 

m ««aaJtii.«tf^^ *-««»i p^ ■ .. ' -■. - 

»»»iaj&i «s3i«#yif«i ^^mJM &.., „• . j ;, i,.:; .; ■. . ,, . .t^srft ■^" k; .. ; .- . ,• ^'irfe& 

<p-# 'S. 






tiM ri4Kbt to eanveri It int* ttein«y er kt&p th« proj»«rty,<* 

iMfendant ^Itiiikdtd »a a iip«(tl«a d«fenat.> ta^t It rviained 
pc«Si*e&lor, df Dm ]^x>0|»erty as a«oui"lty tnd not au %h9 oim»«»>- th«r«of« 

Xi did not imiit^4n Ih^t di'Tenttti. If th«- aouri did not uiwregerd th« 
eTi.«l^ne« ^e^rine; on a itlff@r<&nt le*>u(»« aa it •boulii lunvtt donct lis 
findings, hov(&r®r, both as «xipre&a«d orally and in thw ,{udg]B«nta 
nogotive &oti» i&4» &l^i£i of & j»l«'%a Kfid ih%?t of d«*f«n(lant*ii owner* 

$M1« iTjfoia a jr«Ti«fii» &/ ihs i'-ntirt* *vid««ro« w« would not 
b(tf dispositd to difft^r S^om. tJa^ oouft's oonelusioni* oa «»itH«r 
proposition, it ^a 6i»n-0O«»a©&i'/ in 'Im vi«*f wp h/»v« t«&>£<!^« tft dlKOttso 
til© r^iiitiVis sHsiglat at' «Tiil4n«>» an what «%» 39»t #mii Ibhims Iji ih« ewse, 

^j)j)^i.i<4i}t*e oo^iHiJ^l liav^ »loa difo^i^to^^ fr^u the i«su««) by 
urging in ihl^ eoart tkat undar tli«»^ c!lr«rafsst!»no«riii of ^a^s oa*i« d^sfend* 
{^t liskd i»n <iqttiia%)ie li«n ftn -t^ &>uto}»>>il«. lot onl-tr ^^^s^: t]i«r« iw 
moh iami9 pi@tti«le<t ^nd nd «tte1& e«tit»ntion ^r§ed In ttt« tri^Jl belov 
%at wire «!^it&t»l« titl« Ijj itot eafficiftnt to d«f«at en o.«!tion in 
.a.t.ti.n^ y^. (lUalCa t« ZSiMSii-m ®t al .. 193 AX9^* a46, 2B7j IG C» J. 
lQa3«J tlis jtsiig^eat alll 1j£ i.^fina<*d, «nd tt»e®ii«mt «lll bo ti<tx«4 
ait^ ^Jtis uyui*l csata imci for I'l paf?«» of «n ndditioni&l p-b«t.r®et, 

Orldlrf rnd fitch, jj., aoneur* 






»^: 









:An (•«';;■, ^*i:;< 






* M:. 



'1 iV T * J 



,« r.ylll; ^ ^ *?fj 



ss-«iX-i«f^ I 






,';t*i§; f3:i?a ,,: 



■^'>>,ti»4's- 



819 • 



H. J. OMBrlzOHT, 



/ 







M0B1CIFAL CiATHt 
/ ) OF CHICAGO • 



) 



i 






241 I=A,. 6 

C3SL1WH.SD ?HS OPISIOI! OF THS COUHT. 



Thi« is ft Buit tu r«oover daffi^ges far fpilare of 
d«f«ndj5,Ht t« osrry ©ut hla oo«trEO% to sell » c«rtHin lot, 
?rith • frontage of 33 feet, to plaintiff • whioh tbo court 
aascoood at 11720 •79, n .fury haring Ibosn imlTod. 

fhlo eua Inoludtd I1324.7S |>Rld Isy FlAlatlff on tho 
oontraet priee of $X6^u «ttd |396 (en the b&aio of ^2 a front 
foot) as inore^isod value of th«) lot at tibis time of defendant* a 
refusal to eoaplete tko eestrset. 

tho only point r«lied on for r«T«r««l is tte« alleged 
isek of Oflsrpotent evld49noo on wtoiob to b&eo s. flndinf of »uoh 
inoreekoo in value* 

Plaintiff proSueod ti«© witB«»;ii«B who f laced tho ve^lue 
0f the lot ftt 1^476, «nd 13000 to faiOC, respectively. Ttoolr 
testimony *»» eTid«ntly b^ised nn a {aie»ppr®henaion of tho 
el^asif ie»tion of the lot under & soning ordlni^nce, stipr^slng 
it to hRvo ^««n ol«saifi«d for spartwento of throe or mire 
otories on August 9, ISSS, ^en the rl^t of motion »ocrHod. 

the eottpeten^ of the f»reof of tho ele.Baifie»>tion 
leader %tut ordinance . nn «hich the t@@tinony of Bi4d witnoesoo 
A%mii» in part, »% least* to reet* ie qaeotioned. % autuol 
eonaent it was l©ft to the court to eeoertaln th@ 9susi« froa 
r^Qorde of the elaeslfiontion. fho oourt iseeaa to have acted 



.-^ 









Jn.: 






jf©V ■ '. , ' .iWpi '"A'." 






• 2- 

nn information with r«^sp«ct thereto furnished by It* eX«rk i^*a 
,he trial court 
/ e«nt to jaaake t)i« InvoeitlKatleB. iJ«for« entry of the judgment* 

yu»w«»r«r, nt th« timi of the Kotion for a new trial, the ordlniino** 
90 far as it beure on tne jMlnt in oontroTcroj, wko rond lnt« tha 
reeord, snd rs rar.d ueema to ;fuetlfy aural 'ant's oantnntlon that 
the lot belonged to a olaee»lflOHtlon for a use end else of build- 
ing lesB valuebl« than th« claealfio^tlon on ahloh oiild wltnoeaoo 
aeea to baTo based th«lr Tttluatlon* 

Ono of said vltneeees cilao tnulttinA th^^t BlmllarXy 
located lets in the n«iighborhoo«i oould be bought for $ldOC, and 
It wftB stipulated thftt nn»th#T witmeas for plaintiff. If ar«8«nt, 
would t^etlfy to a Titlu<«^tion of |Sft p>»T f«Mit» thnt Ic, &1I415, 
i)e<end«jit ©laced »• y*l«Htion th«r«on of #1600. 

f&t «f«art»» v«»l«Rtle»n w»-e t'^44, at the rate of $fi3 a 
foot, which «ee»« to haye baen » conprnni^e IW'tKm'-n the hlcJi 
T@il««itlon8 of plalatlff'o two witj!«e*tesi# &f©.rc>fiaifi, '-nA unli leaser 
▼ala&tiona* !tot pib the hli^htr vj-ltistiens i«>r«» fixed u|wt> n mie- 
apprehension of the j"Tt«»*l clipiprif lection ©f the lot ttnd<«r the 
aaalng ordineneti, the o©art had no cftiepetf^nt «»vl^rnc« b«for« It 
that aoald warrant n. hlKh«»r ▼s.Jur-ttOR then jI1815, rm «:sc«©s tf 
1165 OTer the purflii4^Be price. 

F'lnintiff Wfve ftleo d^^prlTe** of the tsse of the I1SS4.75 
fro» Ji^mtary S7, 1933, to Mrrch 10, 19S8, ^swwjntint?' to $14C.f!J 
at tha rate of b€ int«r«et. Rfa daieair*** tb»n» Inclvidei? Bald 
principal and latereBt* end $165 lBor<^f«@e^ velue of the lot, 
aMountiag in ail to #1630. rm ther«for« find tht faete sissordingly 
Nad enter ;}ad@M<»nt here for tli? t tmm^ «noh p.irty to p»y his own 

caste* 

mvm^m Mitn nvjims oy fact 

aridley and fitch* 3S,, «»aottr» 



.^ ^:., ■<!«.■•■'■,■ --ti'.v.i.' "■ t.'i--.,*i' y.i* :. h^e'; »>-(X 






-3- 



ai» . 30474 

*i flad tht^t t!b« ii5or«»K«<l valut of th« Xot in 

^tstian »t tiic tieft ft? ©-PT«13.««t»» refuanl to osirry out ■ 
hi* eontx'&ct «'a& Vlf't^« ^'^cth nddo<) to $3l3l%4.75 paid thoroon 
l»y ft|»:^'ile«, nat :?rrti4rn»f! or <1jilv %fin«acr«'d[ to hiia, and 
legel inters ot on ^e laitor som i@t 51 fren tine of ptQnwnt 
to bresoii af i^ c««atri&et, ss]c«« tl}« oub of tl630« «liioh 



w 



46 - 3C3 



Plaintiffs In Srror* 



!>«f dBdiantJK la <r^>. 





/ ) 



-inHOFl TO 

GIHCltIT COWaT, 

COOK coimrr. 



4i 



f /I ;? 



IWa. JUi>TICS' FITCE BUtolV^riS ?HK^ ©I?IK10E OF tHi CvlTHT. 



I^ thie writ of «rT»r It le nought to reircree » deare« 
rtctulrlng plaintiff » in error %& pay to & r^csiver tlw aaauntii 
of money oolldet«d ^ ^ea upon aubecrlptions to th@ or»pital 
Btoek of a proi^oaed life insartmoe company ^hieli they unsueoete- 
fully fttt«Mpt©4 to orgtmizffm I 

iB Horeffl^er, 1916, aine of the t«ti plain tiff 6 in ©rror 
signed » deelRr: tion of intention to for» Rach <s corperf^tion nnd^r 
i^i9 l»w» of Illinois, filed it with Va» lasiureneo 8UT>erint«'nd«'nt, 
and ««r« July ^^mtheriace^l to o^en books of eu^BOription for tho 
eapital etock of a corporation to T&e knoim a» th« "Moroulos i^ifo 
iaeuranoe Cdai|>s«y,* with » cafitsil of |SCC,O00, divi(l«<a into iO,000 
sfe»r«s of the pt^T falne of 050 «&oh« thereupon* th@ nino eorporat* 
©r» onterod into im ai^rsm^nt with pl»iatiff in error Unx iiplegol 
j^rovidlag th^t iiyiogel sJtould have tho po«ort «ittrin^ the orgfenisft- 
tion period, to purcha^o neces«-4ry offioo ffi«pT^li«fs» employ hfi>lp, 
ftiad engage solioitore to «aB@iet hi« in gi^ttin^ eulJ8«riptionB for 
ths tapital »toek, whioh oxj^naea wore to be "siefr^yed froa tho 
furplue on oheres sold,** emd that *fer procuring oubscriptiOBs" 
he should receivo a ooaoaiesion of twenty-flTc por c<?nt, "to 1m 
paid from tho pstyntonto as luulo by tho suboorib^re,* i3>pie{^ol t^grooing 
on hio part to ''get aubooriptiOBR to the said stook »t tho prioe of 
floe i^r &h^To.'< Purnu^tnt to thio agrec^nent, >^piog«l openod offiooe* 



,1, lif S ^ 






-2- 

•olieii«d 0n\>ciQriptidiift te tttn a»pit»l nteek of th« prftp««£>d 
««rperAtlen, and ooll4^ot«d p^^nwnio ther«^'« (R«v:r«g»9ting ^z^l^BOQ, 
The orgftni^^ntloii wrb never cotoplet&d* The att^apt to orgKnise 
It w«B d«finlt«ly ab»nrton«9d in June* 19ii^, Rml ; t th^t ti»e, tipoii 
a bill filed \ff H. J«)hnBan» ene of the plaintiffs in error, a«»lnBt 
th« oth<?re, nlXe^glns thet nil the saiounts collected were trust 
funds, » r«:e*;lT<*r w»b «p»olnte<5 to take cho^rge of whet remained of 
then. The r«fC*iYer*« totftl re-oclpts were ;'j«036.36, including 
|>3780.67 oollected ee the rr-Rult of » foreclOBure dsorae, Whleh 
was nffirHWd Isy this o-viirt in apiegg.l t. '■i?olgei',p.. 226 111, .^i^p. 446. 

In ;S($l>t@at»«r« 1915, t^ or«S6«^ill ^n& fileid tsy Xtm of the 
3t«ek 9HV«eril>ep«, ae^^kln^ to ehargo pliilntiffe in error with 11«- 
^ilitix as p**rtner«, end in October, 1921, tt e«5Cond croos-bill w&» 
filed "by «si3c other awfesorlher® in ^«?ir o^w fe-sthalf snd th«t of all 
others, eh»*rgiaf th».t th« 8011<:ations i»Rd«; up^n tsiabscrtptione f&r 
tstoek -were u trui^t fttnd «iad that t&e ®gre«®ent with ^piefel «»§ 
illegal. In J«ly, 19'^a, ls^«« hairing heen Joined on the original 
bill rnd >»*ith eros©-Mlle, «Tidcnc« ws« he^rd in ©pen eourt and a» 
interlocutory d«Gr«e for nn aonmmtlng ws« entered, that deoree 
finde tho fset* suhstftnttsai?' i^s «hoif« stated regarding the un- 
ssucsessfttl att«»mpt iBu^de to ©rganisse the sorpors'itionj thfsit the pay- 
ments ai3d« on th«« £ttoek sabs;ori|Jtions oon&tituted a truat fund for 
the um of the mtbserihere froa ^om it ^0* colic «tpd, ©nd th#it whea 
th« »tt«s]»t«d ori|«fii2thtion »»» ©"bsndoned hy plnintiffs in error, 
they h^OHffle tnt8t««e of the fund and scoeuntf^ble ps sueh to the 
aubsfirib<!rs; that all of the i^oounts reaeitred uoon the stock eub» 
sortitions by plaintiffs in error, except the satmnt reeovered by 
the re<?*iv#r, had been expended, «nd th«t certain portions thereof / 
were "Improperly ^nd anlfi^wJ^lly dissipated* by the nine corporatorf 
*by tmd through th^ir fieoal sfont, Sax, Spiegel j" thfct the cr^Tjso 
be referred to » aaet^-r in chnnoery for «a Aooownting; that notif 
be given to all «4b«eribers io file their olstima ^ftithin a 



IB -1. 









;|ie 



»■* »1l.»f '*«'» S*?' 



!:fl.»tt£<8^ ' a^i^Tf/sxla 






«olieit«d «$nb«criptiQii« td ttm cn|»lt»l nteok 9t the proposed 
corporatlen, »nd ooll«ot«(l pf%7»««ta ther«'^n wg^r^gsting lo7,800, 
ThiC prf»ni.ti(itio!i w&n never ot)jBpl<»t6d* 7h« att.«npt to orgKnlB* 
It w«» d«finitsiy Abisnrtorjeti in 3vin«t l^l^t »i«^ ♦■* th»tt ti»o, tipoli 
a bill fil«d l>;f H. J«»hneon« on^ of the pl»intiffc in error* cNs^lnot 
the oth<rra, alX««ging thai »X1 thtt jsmounts collect«<l woro tru«t 
fund*, ft r«^:^s^■^^lT«?r w^b jB,p5?olnt»<5. to tj«k© ehr».rge ©f what remained of 
then. The r«»c®iTer*« totivl r«Q«3i|»t» were •'5^036. as, including 
1:5780,67 eellected ae the rejfittlt of m forccloBure d«orae, iihieh 
was nfflraed hy thin O'^xrl in jS pleg ^,! y., '•lo Xgoy .ip.« 22€ IXl. '\pp» 446. 

1» Sfspt-sa^er, 1010, » oros^-MlI «*a.s filed by two of th« 
steek »ix"b»<jrife^r«, eofkin^f to «h#rge plain tiff » in error with 11«- 
l}iXil7 a» i»!^rtaera» »ad in Ootobor* 19^1» ft oeoond cross-bill wsnt 
filed 'by T^ix other @u\»«6rit>ore 1b th«ir own 'b«^h«utf and tl»«^t of all 
others* eterging tteat the eolleotion« vmd^ up»n 8«b«cri^tioBi» for 
stnek -*«r« a trtti?t f^nd Rtnd thftt the ssisre^aaent with ^piegei m&u 
illegal. In J«ly, W?.J?, l»5Joe» haTlng heen Joined ©« the origln«l 
bill pjid TNjth erosg-blllB, «▼ldf^nc« ws* he«.rd in ©pen oourt $in6^ «m 
interlocutory d«cr©e t^r on (sicftmintlng ws® «>nter®«J. that deoree 
fin€» the fs^ett awteetttntially rs «^t» aistt#d regerding the u»» 
sasaeosful sttt^mpt ®*-<4e to ©rgiiiniiio tlsws aorpor^tionj th^t tlie p«y- 
js«nt9 Btadi«i on tli« sitoek sate^mriptiona oonatltut^d te^ trust fend for 
the nm of the sitfe^eriberB fro» ^'hom it wae eollcett^d, and thsit when 
the «%tt«!Bi!>t«^ org«ni2fetion lerft® mbtm<l0ruiA Isgr pleintiffo i» error, 
thoy feeoaae tnist^e® of the fand ojid sccountiKblo ea such to the 
3uhsorib«!r»t thi^t all of the mKJunta reoeived union th« stock eub- 
sorl^tiono Isy plaintiffs in error, exoe-pt the sjumnt reeovered >y 
the rec^ifer, hsd 'been «;ei|^«nded, «»Ad th«et esrtain portions thereof 
were •istproperly »nd ttnlB^fmlly dieslpat©*** Tsy the nine eor|>or«toro 
»hy wrsci through th»ir flaessl ogent, »ax Splegolj* that the ^mw 
he referred to » aiftetpr In ehnno«?ry for an aeeounting; th«t notieo 
he given to all eahj^ertbers to file their olai»a within o 






ril '■".",'■ «-■ 



ift'*f?^S'i'? 






m%tt%.t9t- 



• 3- 

ep9eifi«d tlAft. «»d for ct h^nring "by th« ouster upon all alAJuss 
to vhlcta ob^^eotions Mli^bt be fil«d, Fl&intiffo in <rror pr«yod 
an app«al from this int^rlocnitorjr dftereo, vMeh vae deni»d* Tho 
ffiK«t«r ie«d« a rftport« ^ItId^ ^« nftmttn of %X1 tmbooribero who 
h&«S proved their claias sa^<^ the aoounto thproof, n^fr.rit satins 
|28«1$0, imd r« coatee nd«d that it tSiwereo be «Bter«d requiring t^t 
wsnajiit, together with Interest, eootti ond eolloitors* feee onA 
•X9«]is««c to 1» iM^id to the r«>ef«iver bjr plaintiff « in error* Tho 
filial deoroe i« subs ten tiddly in oonfomity «ith the m»@ter*a 
report* 

It ifi flrot eont«nd0d th«^t l^e r^eort? 4eee not ohov Anjr 
oertificste of ©vtd««o« sttpportlng th« interlooutioFy «leor«©* Mle 
t*i*it it trwe, %h« daereo itself finds the nltiasftte ffiots upon whieh 
it w«8 based, mm that !• sttffieltnt, (jyl^feteowlog T» lybsJto^eg^ 

3«e 111. &!!»C.} 

It is nsxi Insietod fi%nt no truet i« i»?QlTed« th^t c«ok 
of tJsM fiuboorib^re hue «rt lutoq^jiito nmsdjr at 1r« ik^ainttt pilaintiffo 
in orx^r, sad th^.t the "bill la isaa I tif serious. TJseoo obj«etiono K5»y 
be eonsidered together. It io apimrent from the findings of fact 
Kftdo in the pr«li»in)ary dcerofe, th&t pl»latlff s in ^rntv mr* 
pswBolMsro of the proposed oorpor&tlon, and the rule i« well setU«d 
that smeh p«r»eno oo<mpy a relation of trust snd oonfid^neo to the 
trs^ooed eojiq^Hnr C ^ig.ice.rg^im. . ir.,y Hoy th^yn t m& t Go .^ . 176 v, >• lai, 
^4), »ad ftloo t8w«rd« person* i^ho on th^lr invitation or ftoli<;it* 
«tioa eubserlbe for st^ek in the corporation «hleh they »re in the 
aat of (Sre&tlns. (l fhowtsson on Corpora tlon»« & 103; Mitaon r* 
C&r re there . 1G& 8e, 592| Hjayg^rd t* J^fteon . 176 MAse. 51© j 14 
eorptto 3\irl» 2»S, t '^8.) In hma ▼« Bloekl , f»6 111, 91, fS, it 
»»» held %h&% whether the a»n«y of tJto Kubetcribers to capital stook 
e«a b« uoed ^ sorporjitora for expcnsee of trying to eell £=toolc to 
oih^^ro, snd for ro»i, olerk hire Mid other e^rpenooB of the eor- 
por»tor«, M»r,t be deteimined ^ the provisions of the 8t»tnte« and 












3«^ #■»«»■: 






:M llT%f1? .tff?- 



-4- 

that the set pr^vi'Slni? for ii\e arg>anijvntioia and rtt^uldition •£ 
life iB8ur»B«« eaaiyanlae r«*tulr«« tti%% %ht> ontlrss sjaount •f 

cftpitnl itsiDCk j?h»ll "be auba«rlT»«<l nnd pa1<1 for BJid ahjai rem^la 
&e th» nniJit'Al «f th« cflUBjuwjy, and "si^o* «• tf arrant far th« 
QjTjjetiditJwr* of rnijoejr wi'bsoribe.t fer a<!)pltftl sjtook In payrasnt of 
ttxperiiOB incurred tjy oorpor ?t«ir» In th© attrmpt to f«r» a oor» 
porati«n.* Ther« Is h »ttSt:f?wtif>n in tim rcodrd tlit.t s»<»aM ©f tkui 
siock miT!»3CTlptl«iBs that mrt tak»n suthoriaed XSm) ub© »f Um 
«ubn'?ri9tlo'n asftney f«iT th«^ p^r^^e of pis-ying «uafa expenass, Iwt 
Ui* IS .et«r*» report and finbl d^or«« bIbiow th»t no eueh a^««]Mint 
wcttt £t«id« with ftitir Of tlxe ei^^.ty^nlnt eubftoribera ^dbosu cXi^anui «f«]*i» 
pr«T&d bt f ore the Ki»^i<ji' or incXttdc^d in the aisoiuit re^uirfeci hs tho 
de«r«« to t-s prid 1qr plnintlffe In fti'rojf to the r«!S«'iver. It 
follow*., If?*- thissk, tlasit tkte ishsle sflMjant coii»s«!t«d updfi the ; took 
siabgnriptions of subsorib^ro who proved tlieir o1»1bmi in thio onao 
oen«ti^t«4 s tm9t fuadi, »n<l plftiatiffi i« arror ?^?* oi^t^i-go^liXo 
tl3»re«fith ae tru«t»«s, 'IhlXe ©ask nf euoh su'i>3erll»ers no doubt 
sould hsre reco*»«r»<l a ,j!.n4gc»«.nt a^pilnet pi&iatliYo in ^rror for 
th« aoROunt of Hifi »a'b9«ri*>tian, ;s« «as dont in ll^kwalSX ■*• 
Sgioggj^, S13 111. 537, jratg 1»©0isu«e of t^« tamat rel&tion oxisting 
b€twe«i!j -tslaintiffs in ajror and t*ae mi'bjj'sribers, tiiere ■»=*• a aoro 
sid©;jttat« r^me?^ 1« o<pity available t© all tl*« gRii^»Qri1»i»;?«. it 
follovJE slao, XkB,% tfei Mil '»a-.« nst wiltifftrious for th« raasotui 
®ist?d • ' 

It in uFgiid ihis>% no int^roest upon Uie «3su»unte :{?>aid lay 
tSso «u¥©ari'btrii' ooviXd pi^ptrly Ijo allowwd. The ctmVF-^ty *»• J^e^X* 
^o goldi^p y. Ce3rr|^g%||.. a?e 1X1, 40S, «fcere- it 1» fc«i!3 (p. 45^J that 
*iB «!?|aity, intoreftt is f\13oiar«d iBcoaiiee of equitable oon&idtx'fttii&nB, 
Hn4 iff given or nithiir.ldi i^t;, untSi^ir t».ll Qiroitjaetjcmeee of th« oaso. 
»e«®iK Oii^itrbl® sBd ^ust.* Pl{:4ntiffe in «rror tenving rtr.uelvsA 
fuxuls whiel^ fc«l©nfs4 ts th® fttibftsrlbers!, and bciving j;-«t&in«c. tho 
»mm -sfithout autfeorl^ of Xa»?, »ra Xiabi® fer lftt«i'e)St thorson from 






!^«J| '^t'- «-5*".' 



rt^« «i«S^'' 'Ikfitl'^ii'it^jt;^ i»M 



ti««i^4iifK%i», ■:t^m ihn intdt '#«jC» «»e'i»«Jb inml 



sf':> tf:5f ftf:r'suU* 



i;.s:fc SiCi: 



m-isMi^ -0 i**-; 



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-t'i iS4 .i4 i:ifr.iiU 



••?«?• *W-: 



the tixM a dennnd ttus nade for pcgraentt ^ioh vpa vh«ii tb« 
orose-MlXs itern filed. (iMd. 433,) Th« qajn* principle i» 
r«o«g:ni*«d in j.« tas^ y ,..m thbfi r ^ . IS9 Ili» 270 « 

whiltf th« allev9»tiac of «<»lisitnri»* fees And «xp«nc«s 
!• ttMKl|pi«<i &B error, th« ji.1 legend arittr i» rmt nr^cd or iqati- 
tieaed in ths bri«fs) of eouB»«l* It tma-t therefore %• eon* 
Bid«!red sit» weired* 

It la finally urgud '^hMt no proper iproof -suk »«de of 
the (!l«Lina of the sub^arihers. fho r«oord q]»w8 th^t shoh of 
the eoheerlhcra! Bulnjaitted & ewam ®tftt«?aei3t of the ^aount t»&id 
hy hij9 or her npott etoole 8a^oorlptien&, and th«t this &l»in 
w»e Tcrlfied hy fsempHrinlan witii tifesp ^oko of pl&lntiffe la 
error, which w»r« in th« hm&dis of yj«t rae«4yer and offered in 
eTideaoo. ve think ^lio w^o »uffiol«Bt to im^»tftin the 4««eree, 
in the ahaenoe of sxiy et^unUtrr^lin^ eyldeaeo* 

(binding no revaraihle error in the- d4;«r«?«j, it it 
ef f iraed . 

B«mee, f» J*, and Oridloy, J«, eoatBur* 



•'; ?. ^if^'JT^jR'i'V *i?' -J^ i':o3'\ 









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73 - 3032»\ / '\ i 



\ 



\ y '^"""^ ' "-' "''tOBS^n 



A|)|>|ll«nt« 







WILLI juse J, IKJXl^'t, Xne., " ' 



2 41 IX 61 



^sivsmim A. BASIS, ; 

I / 



fhi« it a» »pp«al frcoi » j^dgtsent »f the Cirouit court 
slloving the el«ijB of wiXliiim ^S'* Moxl^ar, Iii0.» »» XXIinftiv ear- 
Iteration, ^niiiist the eat«t@ r^f Jfelm P* X>«idi«», deooMi«4« for 
I3729.79, ii^iieh ^eouBt i« aostrXy flOfOOO Ie»e l^iaa afpollant 
clftiiM to bo duo* 

leim 7* I>adle died in October, 1&I$. For m«n^ jreiuro 
l>«!for« liiB !Jeath« he ymi^ tm e^mplttyee of tho Ai»t:)«llant «»»rporj»tlon» 
and during tlio XusX y^^r of hie life was it* prttfiidi«>nt« aIX tho 
esj>itaX stoeJc of the oorporatioii wag oivnod lisf WiXXi«a .T« ^oxXojr, 
iysd ORO of Bt)xXej*9 <Amsif-ht9r» w«t« Dadie's 8#i>£sondt isifo. -lh«a 
&«t4i« died, &(>org6 i^oxXcy, n son of flXlian J. Sex:Xoy» beeeno 
tho prosideflt of iMe eerpor^tlon and tho a4KiBiBtrator of Bedio't 
octtftto. The oorporstioa fiXec! in thfi* Prohote offiart « oXain against 
the eotatt *for ovordr^to @nd t»mfy a^rcunoodi to John Franoio 
Dadio,' d@o«a»ed« »% his re«$iiost« froa luXy X, / . :<• X9XX» to 
Ootoho* XS, A» 3, xns, $X3,477,4»." Aftor a hc^.riag thereon, in 
vhidi Oerifudo iUBodio. tho d^ghter of tho deoodetnt hy hio firot 
asrri»ge, wi^e ropr«8«ntod Ijgr soanseX^ an order wea entered oXXovims 
tho oXoi« for #XX,4M,60, from «hieh ordor Onrtmdo A* Bodio 
prti^od tmA wim oXXovod on oppoaX to tho Cirouit eourt of Cook 
<^ouBtgr upon giring a h^ad for |2So vithin t^aty dt^fo. ^ithla 



lV tTV i!V 



Sin. 



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i. ./. : ■^nr 



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fflvf ...rit 



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Ht 



t■T^r-r5a^ f li^ifXX-.'- 'ituSi ol j',:4-:': 



-2« 

th« tlsfr Xlr4t«d» h«r bond In tliftt amount wit» «.fi|»roT«<li Vjr the 
frolftt* aourt. TIM trsnaerlpt »bo«» thnt t}i« bon^i l9e«»7s tJi« 
•O. K«* of th» i^reaent attom«y» for apiivllnnt. 

Xb tbe Cire»it o«urt« im order w«e ©nterod roforrli^ 
%h« ftlnlm to B. r<'fei*««, »» |»roTld«?d liy »»s<Jtlon 68 of tht PT»>ctloo 
Aot« All ext«nd:C4 ker^Tlng ms* had before tht» referoe «i.nd h* mt%&9 
u report finding ttoait the ©iitsito ^lis indebted to tho oorporrrtlon* 
ftrett ^ttiTf minlfee pe.i& out for John F. Dadie* individually* 
$X4^.61;* stesondf *f»r g!ioni(»» p«^i«i eat for Jaokson i^tre#t let* 
1*94.26;* itni tlslrd, '*fftT »aani«48 p^s^iri to or for lr«. J*»h« ?• 
BaAIo, |96SS.57«* the J&ek»on fiitfoot lot t}]»» r(r'f erred to imo 
» pl«e« of proper^ ;fointly o«n«d fey Mr, *iiid Mro. J>?wdi«. Bxoop- 
tloan to thio report wsro tXlmi by G«rtr»d« A. radio, »nd a. jury 
triftl th<8rooB w«ii» demanded by h^r* "imt this Ciroult c^ijirt proooodod 
to ho®r tho o«se« && a ehs««@ry s«iit »nd to 4atf^r»iB@ the ific««» 
withottt Oftlliag m Sary, A deoroo v^o OBiered apfro-vlng tho 
r»f«ro«*» report, i^aXeh d«sor««, on Strtrado A. B»dlo*» apfjoal to 
this oeurt, vcie r«T«r««d and th« e^uoo r^mstnded, ]»«iiniy on t3u> 
Mjthori^ of SSMMmn.%f'^.Mm i^m^k.JM^Sim,..QSjLJLt,3MmM,M. 
aoeke Co *. 2$9 111. 104* beoe«is« of tkue orror of tho oourt in 
rtfttoins R |ttiy trial ®« the exc@ptione filed to th« r«sfero©*o 
report. (fiaSJ&Jts-iiliSX* '^2S 111. Ap9. 374.) 

t7l>eii the re»%ndii«nt of th« c^uso, 4i^ S&ry tri&l vnM had 
iB tho eirotlt court. Upon thst trial, t» ^evtion «f&@ rn^ioodi 
»n to ih«t first t«o ite&s «tf the ol«ds cts r<»port«d by the reforoo. 
tlw only ioouo pr«8ontod to the ;jBry w^o upon the «xei»ption« filod 
to \3m third it^m above? qiuoted. tho Jury retUP««<i a yerdiot 
All^«bag tho eliiln for the eMOUBt of the first t^utt iteso, only* 
«ith iBtoroot* nnA frOR o |ud|pwsnt entered or that yordiot, thii 
oppoflkl wKflt 9«!rf@etitd« 

A^peXl^mt flrot oontoBde thst tlw Oironit e««rt •rr«4 
iB d^njfin^ its notion, made in th«.t eourt, to diMOios the 






%iHi:%%^$ ■ 



?T5»e£'?'i :=? 






©# I^»-' 









T«?^ m>%^, «#'i:if<-i8 tl'^^iiJ 



^>«*a»»is^' 









-3- 

a^peal trnm the Fro^i* eoart, for ih» r««ii»on» .h» in clnijMd. 
that dertru^e At Dttdi« h&d no rlicht to appomI. fhtr ^rjia^uBent 
en this point is tha^t Of^ction 68 of thn /vd»lni»treitioii Aet li 
tho oaly provlnlon for im «i^i>«el from tin or^^r 'Of the Prohoto 
onurt ttllonln^ or r«1c;cting u clel»; that t>3r tho t^rst* of that 
8«etioB lixfe xifht of »i?p«al l» gtireB t© "©Ither party;" th»t 
Q^rtiuAe A* D^tAio is not such » p^rtjr, nntt tht»<t the ndaiinl^trHtort 
tho ^pr9p«r party, • did not appOBl. 

3«etio» ir?4 ef th» iKdcBinistrntion Aet giTse tb« right 
©f ppp«»i fy©» the Pr«hato eourt to th«f Gireuit oourt to "«iqf 
p«rs©B «rib9 Mi^ eoB8l<lifr biiiB«Xf oggriev««l Isy aay ^udgnont, order 
or decree of fiuah eoart, '" trnd ^r th« tf>r»s of th'.it or-otlon it 
npriiitso "ia all m&ttftro i^risiag miusr this ©ct«* Appoll^^t insisto 
that thi« oeoUon do* a liit «FI>iy htu"o hsosasHB it i» gtnfraj, in ito 
toms* «iiil* ft«otion t:M reftra opeciriliy to th« slla^emeo of olndms* 
a#no«diB#< this u* ^e truo in or4inftry Ojaees^, it <Soo« not follow 
thfti a®rtru4© ,;.• I3«4i« ws» not a ^party* to tho or«Ser «>f ths 
Sfoiboto eottrt i*liowiag the olaia. Ordinarily, the partioe to ft 
prf»e««tdiiig in tho Prohaie mart for tho oXloirstacs of n oloia art 
the alaiatant on tho ttnn @idfii «is4 tho fii^ttiiiistrat.'Jr on thO' ethor* 
in this oa»«, howsfTor, Q«o*u« Moxl«y toetlfiod th.5;'.t »*tor tho 
el^im KT&s filo4 in the Ppoh»te oourt, ho fiXod » gatition i-.akiag 
th#t *soAe lismy^r ho aj»r«laiwad to def6ifi4 the <@»t&te agfi.ia«t this 
eslais,* i«h»rou|)On ^Mr* Mo&do «»a o#i>oiiite(i«'' Mr* JfieMo 'itr&u a»d 
i» the «ittomoy for <l«»rtni4« . • ]&s4ie« th«s solo her at lav* 
fhersdfier, Sertrudo a. I'mdio tt^* troat<s<9 and reoojpoiso^ 66 tho 
rool party is iAt«roat in th@ Froh»to court, in th% Oiroait eo^^rt* 
jsnd in thio eoart upon the fo£»or oppoal. McmiSt of th$ oon* 
flietini person&l int«r«et of Um &^nini&trator» sh« w»o» in f^.ot» 
tho only iforoon lnt«r«sto4 In rotiatine the elsijs of the eorperntion 
&g&i»st tht o«t&tc of tho 4#e6»so<&. ^ma^r tho olrmai«t®nc«», 
w« Uiit^le, abf hf.cj tho right to p-ppm^l fro« the d«ei^lon of Uio 



i:»JH« ttiftmsf^hv' r^tiix-m timi-mt-i T'?viaa»a '^*a «fSaf «»«a'S«-4f 



■ :■.'-.'!« «Hi^ ,*a »•';-; ■■ 

,^^;'. t ai ««.^. :,^vi*;^*.*, ■ ■ ■ 7 ■ r '»^*^©i XvSl<**6-3;ti-. ^,.„. ■.,.;- 



•4- 

frobate court* whetk«r she 1M oftnsldftr«d m* « *|iertar,* under 
»«€ti<m £d Af the AdBlniotr<ition / «it« or nc *s p«r«oii AgcrioTcd,* 
ttiidor R«Qtloa 1.24 «f th«.t n&et* 

ObJ^etiftna njr* »lso nadc to th* font end some of tho 
tamo of the Bome appool bond* io wiflt i»fl«nuBO ^^t if theoe 
objections had be«A oalied to the attontlon of th« Cirouit oourt« 
it would have re<:|ttir«4 ». sufficient bond to be filed* they ftro 
objffiotiono th£.t jaight bctve be^n «ured by ;j^i7iag « net* bond* if 
req^Oisted in ftpt timo* lUiiTing mmH rm suc^ r«<|ae«it endi hftting 
In faet shirked the bond *Q»K,^ bt$fOre iie appiNtvieil* we think 
o^poiiani is not now in a iiosltion to ooapl^'^in of these aui^ttero. 

It i« nm%% ttrned tN;>At the «XQ#ftion to the v«it9X*e*B 
report vms not trnffieient to r«^iso »insr i^HUO for « SQ.ry tri&l* 
This r<«l«t«8 »«r^l3r to th^ fors of the «!xe(«)ption. «'<« filed* tho 
esseeption *Jipt:oifiotiliy excepto to that p®rt of the r«f«roo*o report 
oono^rning "msne^o f^4 oat to or for Mrs* John ?• I^stdio * *» es»l 
totaling the »UK of I96S3.97*'' imd then !iiXl«ge« that th«ro is no 
]^ro0f thp-'t this ajMnmt ^was in^^btts^nee^ ^e from ^ohn y* Be^io* 
dtt6e«»ed, or the estate of ^ohrt f • B«die« a.<^O0t)Sod* to onid m* J* 
iloxley* Ittoorpor^ted*** ¥h@ contention i6 that this Xan^agc tandem 
no iaarue of fr^ot* bat aesrely risiiie» thi ^oetion nh^^l^er raffiaient 
proof wee aside before the refere^^ to $uis%Xff his finding* the smmm 
(MmtentiOB wse* or idLght hmre been* urged in ^e foraer B^ppe^i* aoA 
WAS. neoesft^riiy diepoo«»d of 1^ the fonser decision* '^%en tho 
Purpose of eu<ih exe^^ption i&nd the d^aet«Knd for » Jory triai thereon 
are eonoidered in eoRn@@tioB vith the proo«i:^re outlined in e^etion 
&$ Of the Fr«ietio« Aot, m think it 1» olear th«>.t the »«ening emtk 
intention of the exemption vms to ri^ise i^n ioeuo of f?tet es to 
nikollher th« item d'b|«<}ted to wms e, debt of John If* Deilie or of hlo 
irifo* that unfit in fu.et. the iamie tried* and upon whieh the ver* 
diet -^^a rendered* 

Upon the nerito* ^ppollsint oentex^g that there is no 



•Tld«noe t«nding to overooae the prlam f ao^e effect 9t tbm 
reffir««'s findinga A>^ to thtc it«ia8 In coat rovr; ray* j<ft«r « 
pyjma f p.cjlt eii^e had l>«en auide iand<!>r OAotlon 66 of th« Praetioo 
A«t iBy iBtPodttoiBf: the r«5f«r«e*i* report iRJid properly exoluding. 
Oil «« thlnJc, tb« tranadvlpt of the eTld(?no« t&lceB Veforo tlui 
reftree, Mppell^tat rested. T>iirr«ttp9n, ^ppeXloe introduoed an 
old aoeimat ^O'^'le. t^iioh -vf^n id<^ittlflisd an ^r, M»xl«jr*B per0on»l 
Ittd^er** Xn it there wao im a.OQOci»t with *!iie« »« Mojclej«** 
^eglnnifig in ApriX, 189 !• The 1moklco«per te«;«tified thnt thio 
referrsd to the dmigbter of tilXltMB J, l&oxXey wbo afterwardo 
afcrried John F, Dedlej thf>t tti* aecmmt **•*« ^gun by Kr« liexliqr 
*«luiB ke ««ts g^n individual « sad xtx^n he ir^^» a oorporutioa it 
vent on Jjuist the smsa^ no dtax^e in th^^ aoeonat,** oxeept that 
when Mi8@ Moxley w<m> siarried tl»9 hookkt^per wrote atere hox* n«m 
OB the ao^tyisit the words "Kre. J, !3«4io.« iisunciry pagoe from 
Rpp«llKnt'e later lo%er« •were iileo introduced. The bookkeeper 
w»a then eall«d, »nd tev^tif iod tht after the »Si3!"risge he wao 
dirisioted 1;^ Jotafi F« B^l« to ersdit hi@ 9if«*JB eooount irlth an 
»llow4^<M of I12D & 8»}nth («hioh tillo^r«ino« tr^^e later iner«»eed 
to |iias 0^ aonth) «ciid to ^h^z^ig th« a3»e to hio aecount* Her 
aceount shos-e that f ro» 1S«3 to 19Q% Ero, Dadle aps>»**«'^tly 
overdrew li«r &^«»eoont |31545, «md <m 2^@o@«h@r ^1« l^G, that omoviiit 
mmu ehi>rited to John D«die*e accKmnt 1^ dir<aotioa of Williaa j, 
koxley, sjad Her account fr«e dieconti^ied. fhe "book »hevs th«it for 
over ten yearo th^r^sftor fell saBount« paid ^ th« corporation for 
Mrs. i>adie*8 bonofit v^re charged to tln^e ^eoeunt of John £)«4i«« 
His aaco^tnt ■^sm er^dited tidth the sal^irjr due hi». heginniag; At 
|30Q a*»d incr^RBing to |800 ft nonth* toad in Jtsly, 1911. there wae 
®. dsliit fe®l*jis«« of aenrly |S©,000 »hoitm in hie acoount. At that 
tinse tM ^«tem of keeping the bo«ko of the oorporf<^tion »«• 
ohftsg^d Kud II loose le«f ledg«;r waa opened. In this ledger three 
aooounts are i^hevn, one fig^inuX Jeha Badie. another agednst 



*»'»:»,£>*wi •» Swiss'* tti!^' #K«9-.'- 
i|SK£%«(!tA& .^pi'Sii^,' JCBStOK^.; <^^^^ 3-i!r£i(r»s£«i «£i3F 

t-^^-Ms'jigi.f^^ ®i&Sl!4. ,»'•'•• J '"ff M v^itiSX .flR^tt #»!«#■ ''^''■- ''■^••' »'»"--^-^--.- 

t.^ r-*» «l^ "^ f>J^i--^- ?'???s«^r 

».w m*M ^i'fC^I 4T*^^«5((f^ ««^ In^« i«S#'*t»' 






fire, l>ft«lc, ftBd m thira ?j,«r?in«t. th« ^^lokmn 8tr«ei l»t, TImm 
««c©twit« de K«i ^«s(i«! with any fenlaiiM ^r«W;/ht forward fr«»K tht 
other V©ok» or Rec«u«te. %iit won d<iii# with th« l>alrTi«« ©f r««trly 

$5!C,fOO R5p?,r«Btly ^t« fr»» .^ofcn Dr«11« at tb't tl»«, ns ehowr l»y 
th« old bofilt*, (t««e not ppp«pr fr^« th* <»Tl<iSene«. Thpm* f<:^rt« 
bftsJ c iendenoy, fit le»«t, to ah©w thpt In 1011 «*ni»t«Ter clsiio th« 
cerebration mcy h^ve has t^^sinet fhp d«c«<;pe<l ©« eQAOunt of r«y- 
Rents »«uJt "by th« eerporptlon for tfe« benoflt Pt «r». B?»41e, vAe 
cftnccXi«d er fttc&ndoned* All of the lt«ne ent«rlnf: Into th(* «)aeant 
In c©ntroYer»y were ther9*5ft©r «34iarir©d, »o ia»« bookr of th* eor* 
S>ort tion, not agj^lnrit tfeo <!«ci»«5»«4» Iwt is^Kalnat )«r»« BiMile p«r» 
•oflfelly, «na «n exaialnrstioa of thP loo«!>e lp»f l^<<j?*p «he»tr Intro* 
dwced in fjTt^«^neo tiy sprell**** i»}u»wi» th«t non« of tb<»»» itvmo wsa 
charged or trensfferre*?. to tho ao^soant of t-h« A«i»«a.i!i«d »t finy tin*. 
Tho ^oceasBfS -irnft «tpf«sr«n!ilj' » men ©f *«ftll »e«*aii, 4ej>©«d«»«t to «. 
IftTgfi' ojtttnt, if not entlr*-!^, upon tfee mXr>Tf h» r*»oeltr«d fro» tbo 
eori^rfttlon, r«t, tftirlng the ia«t four ye^s of hl» llf#, M« »lfo 
received froje, tho eorj9orf*tioa e««i^d tsy feer ftstlaer, nf^Rtly flOaOOO* 
Tfa«' »1»ry *f>|ia,r««tly fonnv! frtm all this e^d«»nee ^Unt it wp.» i»,ro 
r«a&«n«.¥lo to eon'sittdt' ths^t l*r», S*a.l<»*8 father wh* jj^grla;? bobm of 
her Mils for porgon^l wparli^ i&p^&rel, «t<s., than tb'At fbo <looo«oo4 
miS & dcfswlt-sr. w«5 tliin^ thu tYldfeneo Juatlfloa the n<»noi»9lon. 

o^mw minoi' oantontioBe are: m^de rcfsn-dlng nilliii^s of tbo 
aottrt mt the trial and a» to ln<itru«itl«m8. "i^ hstyo sensldcred 
theeo Q<)at9nti»ne '^d think ^ey are without merit. 

^XfcMi iBd^ont Is ?cfflrw«?d. 



?:mos, f . l.» aB<S grldil^-jr, 7,, eonevir. 






^I'i&i'' 



ff!Tt-^< 



■^'^S*i^, fi-^r^f. "S.^"-' 






■■•r**%^ 



/^itsia^ ««' 



:tf*^'^:mt 



. ^i^'tinutfiiit 






»^'i$gisi »#****' 



^t^J:t^? 



-ft ^v' ijaSW^ -Wlv^J 



'iv «?<>■■; ..fijCV 



,-x^lK^i.!;>£t^^.- 5=i:i5 



•t'S'^lSS!'-; 



r!fcj /SMf-li. 



«tif ic? ■ 



iV e^^T-n J»"'r'^ •- -» t iittV<:*.r-f''f*ftA ;lf-' 



-'■~\, 



BO • S033S 



\ 






and TH^< KBIGHTsi Of flU KB /.-ItX Ki*AH, 





mmn to 
} o:? chxcaoo. 



KJS. J«..'tICS FITCH fffeUTFiEEB TH« OPISIOW OF TitS COtfaT, 



Flaiatiff Vroai^Ht oait in the f^nleip^l eourt to recorer 

|i,S01.10t wMcii d«f®ndi*Bt» art alleged to hoTe fr^ttdulently «1>- 

■by 
taiiMtd tr9» » lb«fik» in li^elt Hhe Mmrtej was 4e|»O0lt«d[»^r«pr6g!#atlng 

to th« 1>«iUe ihat they were euthoriseA to withdraw It* l>ef®nd0.nts* 

tgtlTld&Tit ef merits w^e %trieie«B trnm. tb* fll««i «md fi»r wnnt Af xn 

«i"fldaTlt ©f »8rite th«y iwjre a«fisttlt*4 »,ii«l ju^i«pi@iit was entered 

•gainst ihem upon tlie plaintiff e* st&tement of elais* 

the only «rr9r« «t0«igned ifu«@ti9n this aotien of the 
triel eourt, »iid theire 1« no Mil of exo^ittloss in tha r^oerd* 

The rttlo is well settled that saeh i^etien of the court 
e^mtot he Gon^ldered unlees th«t notion and the ruling thereon 
«r« pre sen ted lay & bill of «xo(;|}tion»» so th^tt the error, if &fly» 
mmy stpp«&T trim the re^eord. ^iAOh laotione ar« !M»t properly k ip&rt 
Of the &amsmn Xmm record, <^d ttaleos mi&dti so hy e praper bill of 
«9(««9tione, it ivill ho pvemmed, on eippeal or writ of error • thot 
tn« aetion of the oourt in etriking an ttf fldevit of is^rito* or o 
Ipiesdin^, froiR th« reeord wsis eorr«ct« ( Menn r, BroTsn* 265 111, 
S«4J gi^ynor y. Hihernio »>feTingg Bwah . 166 ill, S79j i-^itteate^ ▼. 
iggke, 200 2U. ApQ. loa,) i^xeeptions te this rule imv hoen 



*!**:: 



f ^ '^ « ^' 



■». X Jt. 









.r^0-<::.t 






■f«*<?^ 4 ■S'l?'?'? v=. . :-n<^i-f^.: 



:'•■. ,y *?flr*'*lEj 



tt^mf •M'«iCi »i«-9 «i«5{i' #4- *i*ttJt.t<Jt? 



3 ,r «f 



-a- 



r«oosnl£«(t In ansmu where it »pp«Ara froat s^nothinf:: vhleh is 
pMTt of thf Tf'OOTd XbMt tlm &tti.A&rt% of tt«rits anii Bowtlen to 
Ktrlk« «er« 6»n«icer»4 \y the ti'ia}. emirt as « I»Xf^Kdilus t»ii<l « 

Cehan t. yigaaiRij . 3»2 1X1. ^pp. 34>?j Cltl»en»» s«aarlti«« ^ 

3^HTi.«ti8««at. ■■•^ Q.*. T. , Gi5je n« 3S4 Hi. App. S&4.) In this crsc no 
f^Qts pi'cs^r froK the rt^oor*:^ to ahev *ii»% iix« aetlon vT^^fii tr««1»«d 

«fpXl«S. 

A«c«raiiigX7 th« ^4fljft«at is affirai«d. 



120 • 30374 / \ 

jcHu s. FiTapA'r;acK, / ) 

?l«jLii^ff iJi Srr<»r, / ) mnm T© 



▼•%, 



O^iiUlA CAS^^TY m^USiSf,, 




y „.•■■■ ■A 






} 



COOK COtJBTV. 

1 I. A, 6 

tm. ^iiitic^' FiT^M stEutmain rm QPtmtm @f this ec^Et « 



WUi writ ef «rr«r la pro««'«at©<l freas a jfa^J^W'WBt ^oy 
defendant r«fKl®r«4 ob ttee Ter^Jiet »t « Jury, 1» wa aetien 
brottght »n ftn ISjaarsuHia p<9li^ to r«e©v«?r th» tijemsnt of lost 
i«ugtfi:l««(l "bj the plaintiff wb#n hie ;«^SKobll« vas ^fl.'^Kajigd in 
B colli &ie«. Th« aueoe«sfttX d®f€B»«f ws^s ^at ttoe nnll^ w<&« 
oVt«l»<»^ by fri@»d. S© Isrlef to«na b«4!i« fil«d Tqr tlw» riftftBeSant. 

IR i9g;>, woiflff, $t«.ff«sliii 4 0fj.» geR«r»l in©uT9n«}« 
broker* t ha4 sa «,-ir?ft»g#is<8Tjit ijith ^aftnAi^nt 9n€@r «^i©h tM« brokf'rs 
ree®iY«d «*?spli«5?;-,tii>n® for in«ttrB»e«» 0«ll«oi*^ ^^« preaitunB ther«»«a, 
e@at th« det»iXa %» ^et^nd&mt, ^Am i»m«td the i>i>ll{$l«s, »«ni Hmw 

dagr »fte,r the p9Xi£si«8 »er« ii!»«»«a. toe il«J.l, «i« iasuriKnee 
solioiter, hinA «•. d«sk in th-t? offic'« of w«>XfX«« ^^t«ffttlXn ^ Co, 

FXiiiottff bad « Bttlok i^ajr^ tM lnmivtmc9 on wlii«h 
«Kpir«d nil Oet«b«r 2&t X9a2. B^i'ert »oon of th^t <l«i(y, Frfotk 
©♦Brl«a, r«pre sen ting th« plRlntiff , B«t H»1X in « baiXdini; at 
Vam iiio«k yshr4« tt»4 t«X4 tti% l&ttttT hits w$m%»A |!tXaiatlff*e eur 
iii!aar«4, ^.ml gmrm him ttui a«»so]ri.ption, irBlia«i» raotor nuAb«r» et««, 
«ff tli« eeor. Siax tml^pk^md to WoXfXe, atcfftXln ai Co., for tlM 



m& 



:'y^»m. mk 



/-■=H ■^. ^\ 



,fumm h.m 



iirli'«l^ilt% ««t>if'l. 






t-X^Sl'.' 



f4 makum^^ 



'iimnJthi 



i«;»ju««#» "tk^a^ 



«s%iift*' ig'- 



»jMi^ 



•«*' i^ B. 



^^xHi'&;'.!»^ it<^ 






ifiisa; swji ^^ 



i^JSfa:? ^«,j 






■«<«. ...• 4 tir. 



;;:-;i'!rik;:>;Xj^^f,<, 



C»B*l«» i%f9 Titill pl*l«Uff»» cfc««3t rur that stdsavBrlt $ft3r»Klt 

t,«iP *nit «l*f«v> ^♦elij'&V, 1»t t^»> f«llsy ''♦e net *c*wflly inritt-in 

i^.t\y i:-.'« n'Jixt seoraiair, ..»»i)i4^.y, £:3t«»fe».r ^9^ 19'?'*, 
f-lairaiff *fe flay* Ivitrm >y h4« 3i«R» r»«ili'*e(i -with a tnaci; end 

i9»rfiijt^, Octflfets? 30, 19^-S, !i« r»iw»rt«-3 it to tS» ^xisiataist 
m^n^s^v of tlie «*:ra«^ty daU^^rtasimt ^f -ftlfls, .'''tttf f«llii 4- Co. 
t.<».l3.i«if h«y ii« hpd ysodv^d ri&ijdtiff*© ayder for Uu* lRfflirrt«c» 

if-jur.'^^er, en'l .*i.a-k«d hijs ^cthaj?» tm;U?r the 54rsuiast;5Be«j, it^fowA- 
^iYen •ait^tit Heett-tioa. 15®f «aa»v«t* s aattaftf t^e Uf i«il fh»t 

tl^. set ex««!^4 ^las, e«4 «ik« aHae tJus^^fcieifMni V'itk m wl thirtwfci 
of th« Teuai»«»«« ol* thssi fljrm xmieitm Urn p&lL^ *•«« i«ytteti, I'M* 
ie Tidily «Js*iai*<J Isy httXk th« m»:ti>i^t't ^^4 %fe* s,»Ai»taRt mumnis^T 

this cft)fs.-r«3»8ati0.n, «iisteT#r It w»«, th# poliey »«.& is5i8U*it ^^tt<k 
Otl<!»l»er S8» IS^3, »Bd ■tils* ^ip«s»ia« wi^« o«:«rg«!fdi by a«:i''<»n4«»t ta 

fl*i»Uff»e ah<!«'lc t« tSmit «»» a)s??'m»t. ti^':?f«w«t^t oi&ina that 
as Bii-on r,& it ilB«<9V«r«d t-'tat th« l0*ie ^&t$ v^ry «u«h ^r«Mt«r 
tfe«fl -Jl'J^S, It ttotifi<!s4 h^tn %h« plaintiff an^ w-|ilfi«, -Jtsfreiin 
4 '0. in ^yiting t)fei%t tli« policy fearf \m«n obtained by TsmkA 
*an4 thi>s?i5far*> *-!» n«irer la fore*.** i>@f<in4{<aat alea dlalisB fJuit 
w^-^ea, ill ^,« <3t»ttr»«» it r*>oelT«d la oh^ek for th« pre»iu» fro« 
t»ifle, .ataff«liii 4 C«. i&e ^^ek w»_» retani«?'i to thes. 



»s«» 



■J : ■ f «V*- ft- 






-L.^.^V t.al^ 



^■m 



i§3iw«il: 



If «»y «i»r»pr8«6nt»tieno were bms-i** %9 d«f cfidaTit rft» 
g;ardlnin the «xicnt at liM lAsa tnintKiiittd in the e«Ili6l<in» th«r« 
le no eTl^tsmoie tending: to pr<»v« thtut th»y wtre Hfidc with th« 
lm«wl«dge «r M];jon tJiC /aithorlty ©f %hi plminXH'f . 1^ It b« 
ae;.un«d tl&Ai folflttt ^tcff^IlB A; Co., thr(»a«[^H th«Sr oieliaitor 
Ufkll, b@Qi@»« th« ag«ntt Af th« |9Xifft,intiff for th# |Ntr|>«8!t of pre* 
oaring iii»jtrftno« sn plaintiff *a ©»r, awoh ssgwncy Cfjrt«lnly fl5av« 
th«a» n« Kuittority to m«U£« ff*le»e «»4 fra«dta«nt mlBrQpr<»s«nt!!«tions 
to tH« def($ndBnt« if ^n^ vmr9 tt»4e, regarding & X««8 iidiicth oocurr«d 
ttfter sueh n#«ney i-m4. tftx^inatttd. l!Jn4«r th« arrABC««s«nt «xi«tiag 
1>et«eft» defe»«S^tat i»n4 oXfXo« »t«ff«li!i ^ Co., p«jy»6f«t Of tht 
prei^lvusa to '*«lfle, i>t«ff®iln a- C«. wsty |>«iwB«nt to tfe# '.l«?fen4&.nt« 
(l,y9<»iBing g'lra it^n. ^o. y . fear^ . 90 Hi. »4.Sj Snttgngi Hfttgl ,C<>. 
▼* S^^rehan te* #lrfe -^a#ittr».nc« ^'-^^ .yp*. 1S3 Il-U App. 71.) Tbey ««r« 
wtthsrised l^y def «ndr»ai to i-j9ii$i<!t siieh pr«®iura», aM In f^jseepting 
plaintiff *« ah^eJt mnd »««v»iring* plaintiff •* Of-«r, tli«y T»«r« 
4sf«n4Rnt'» Kg®Bt». .}>«f©n«i«*nt r»s©gnite<l that fnet wh«n it «lei«d 
tfeis !^lia^ ?,© of tbi^ tiat« wh»n the e?'50r w*'-© gi-r^a »nd ttop «^«Qk 
4eairsr«cl. Un^et th» »fl4ftn««» *.« ■«!« ©ndfe-ratsoad it, plaintiff we*» 
s'ntitie*, nn th« a«y Wfor* tlw ©eoidfnt, id r^t^eive tto« |>©li«y 
from ih« defsnisBtj isoad t*i«ref»r«? '#lis!iteT«r asgr hi&T* lwi©« ©siA 
th«r«aft«r ta def««dsnt, 1^ its o-^n Bg*«Bt«, to indues it to is^ao 
^® policy, %^8 wTifillj' iiBBBag.t#ri«l. In ttoi© Ti«w, the V6r44«t would 
Meia t© "be Raaifestly oontr&ry to th® «Wfet*?rli»l ftvi««nao« 

tlelntiff also (Mint<»ii4« tJai^t reir««r6i1)l« 9rrmv ««« eoneittod 
i^» th» l«tt«y« written to jilslBtiff maA to /J^lfle, . t«f f elln & Co. 
«rft«r th« «iseoveffy of the sille«#d f r«ad, W8r« aa«titted in «TideBe«» 
#▼«!• plaintiff* « ©ejection. Tham letters -mve purely solf- 
««rvi«@ ®t0t€»ffleRti5, e.n<t wt? »r« unabl® to p«re«iT«> *^ny theory upon 
trill. (^ %li«y wer« adsissibXe* 

CoieplaiBt ifit s';.leo msde of Uie inetruetione. Only 



v^« 



«^. . -,,: ,„? ^i>^0i^9w'::^*«dl'^^'-^'i^^'a-'.-^i^-^'-^:i:''^<M' ■'i■■■ 

«?l^ «[#i» i^lMi 3>^«W H^ i.>i^ /;<?t*^*> ;■•' -^tfJ 

s.i*#«# #i lt««*w' #»«t #-«^' &«'«ifi:s«K^'j'^ * "^^f^ 

.Ii,.s?i ri®«lF i«sf««stf; '1^^ ^iWi^iwi? *'X«W-M.t'^# v 

,TO«!i>fe4tW Wl ^*##l»^ ^-^ .' ■ " -:—•'; ■"*- •^- ••— V..:. .■ 



All •f tilwa (»r« *isl«»«ilis^. ^<11 proo««d ai>4ii thv thf^orjr tto«t 
th©r« ip »•«• «Yi<i«ne« t^mdl*^ te 1»rov« th^t «folfl«?, tttffftlin 
k Cn. «fiir« th« ct«<:enta of tfa« pXtiintiff in nakin^i^ tb« siXlaged 

di«iKt^ge to (;l.%inUff *s cut^Hfiftlslle. All ttMs «Tideiui« 011 thnt 
««il>j«'at» However, t«n4a to i>iwv« thw ««ntr«^iry, 

?«r tli« r(<a9«iia iitat«A th« Ju4|ps»int is roTsrevd nosd 






« -, -.. >^- 



, ) / '^: 

Oi* lixiEoiiJ, \ / ) aaaoR to wrnicuPAt 

\ / 






241 LA. 612 



thin ia A «irlt ef 9rr«r fre» ;^ fud^snMint pf th« Manlolpal 

»f th« firtminal off«»«0« of having intoxicsting liquor In hit 
p^BHeaeloR*" the rre&TA uim^s* %h^.% *Jm^ oi^u^ vttLn tried si thm 

ssa» tiffl« «« tiM e&»t ©f t.lag ge.e|>;i^ ,». v. &a.i^-y t??©. 29443, eplnl«n 
filftS ^iy 14« isas), ®nd Upon aa tnf©rK»Uen 14entie«l with the 
iafoi^fttlon i» th«t ogae, s« far «« it «harg«g the effene* stfeteii 
IB thft jMd^«f!t, In thi* ljla«» , y o&»», euietra . w« heW thftt ttoe 
iTBforfflKtion failed to eh»>.tift« 4*,^ Yl«>i*,ii&E «f tib* FrohiMtida !aat» 
sxid for th« reetioatt fitatod in ^ii^t ea»« th« ^uda?g»»iit mk%er«i in 
Uiis «a.a« fi^a t« th« «i«i»e- <iU&rj^9 q^nnitt »t&n4, 

tn this &a««. however, the infoTm^tinn dli!i»rg*ft th« 
^sttnr.'UmX B«t oaily with. th« &ff*4n»« af which htt w«.a found ^il^s 
Iwt ftlsd th^^t h« *414 s€ll intoxlcatiag Homers for teeT«r«ge 
|Rt]rpooe$ withottt a p«raltj* hut wall's the ^xltI found the 4«?f«nad«. 
«mt gailiqr *a» shtxgod in th« Infoz^u^tion,*' bo ^tAdgsot^at ««\-e omtoroA 
iKp»B ^tt flMlag R« to tshe aharg^ of eoXlin^ Intoxloatlnc liqanr, 
ims i$tl<ia of the eourt In ^«n4,@rlB£ ;fudflPR«nt for oa« off^nso only* 
«iS^t n ii^eserel flndiag of guilty, o^oanted to a dieeoRtiirmanoo ao 
to th« ot^s" off «-!}«« ieii«^rg«4 In tho laform@ition. (th« I'goyle ▼• 
MnS^iJL* ^* ili» App, 4C; tim^PmpU r, ?gv<»Ui, 22a 111, ^pp, 51«,) 






.^^^^.^i^!?. @««»i^o miss mm^f^ ■*! *« 'W^ *» **»i?» i-rf» tri v 



*£ti&'^J» ^mmmt tt^ni^ iMK.«. 



i 



Ar the M.».ifa£ ««»**, M^MJt* JiopoB** »f tH* fir»t 
chirge, HnA itt »» ^udgEi^nt oaai wnn b« «nt«red on th» other^ 

Bnmfte, ?, ',, and aridity, J,, eoncur* 



*$^* 






■:!*l;tS 



/.....■ 



138 • 30S97 



\ Pleintlff* 





^■-'4 



X>ef«n4»n 



MMniT H:^£mai» 



1 &i^mii^« • 




mmn. TO 

QV CHICAGO, 

I 241 I..A, 613 

MR* 3^^im nam a^su^m^ tm ofiiios cjop ths cotrnt. 



IMmielpiiX atfurt »«*«iBtt Saytin U«yBBiii5, » j?eii»id«»t af 08,llf6ir«l«, 
fay jiM»n«y 4ue an natew g;lv«m far pf«jKi«»8 «« tHrea life infi«i3> 
ane« ]?dlie4«8. fh* ins»r«Eiie« sjnwps^ w**r »wi8K«nea im gij!,mi»h««, 
ftnd fii«d lie s^mra mi»'mr 6t?',tt»g tteat it %m4 m> ipwjds, ej^s^.^iUi 
or «ff©Gta in its i^fts«soie» \>«>len^ng t» HisjfSJan* Kajnutn did 
i»t apj^tar «h4 ttpo» fftiof of f>«rrie« iBty jittfeliofttian a J|tt<l|p«nt 
1^ Atfmlt was «i«t«rc4 «4S«in»-5t him f«ir |iSSe, 

In th© ^8«aerij»t ©f th« r«fo«rd, ih« «l«»Tlt «f th* 
^uaitipn.! «50ttrt eertiflet* that thsreeft^r *» «*rt«t!B swumd** 
WBBwtr* w&« fil«!^« en^ & ®«fy 0f it is in»ert«^« ©a ita fs»c«» 
tii« doeuL^Bt ao referrwd t© dtfteg: not |w»r|KSirt to ib« mn. «m»nd«6. 
an«»8r. It |»ar^ort« to TN» « le-t-sr "srltten by "-r»rt« treisij, 
getiftpfel «ig*ot of th® ins^r^nee G'-'Wtp&ay in Ghiosg©, to pi»lntiff*t 
»tt«m«yfi)( dat«<l lane 6« 19S&» wmah Btetee, In «a1»8tim««, tJsai 
Mftrtis lij^ywui h&« thj^e policies in thA Ht»t« Mnttt«cl JUif« 
A>eitranQ« c^mptmy fer fSPOO, |B<Xi«J »»d §4000 » re»jw«tiT»ly» all 
4st«d f«1^raajy 23* 19^2* that ttM> i^feFmivima »« (&11 of then ««r« 
paid u]p t(» August S8» 19gSj «nd tbint m«h poliei«s hsT« c&sh 
Tsla«a« **»{t of .^«ai^9% ^« l^as.* «ffgr«8.«^tinjs $899, K^ainbt t^idi 
tilers «tr« •prsmitm lOttnAt* iiggreg».ti«e f4'S'9,J^ smA int«r«st* 



iw ■«i<?«x# 



£>r ?t35/il* 



"r''fc^ A 



,, rv^iA«*sf5 trs 



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n 



,:S^«.J 



.?*gi^ iiigit «ii ^^lauiij aiif 









3i?t*Js''!:.v Bjfi*^"^''' ti^'.i^'S't.'^ :• 



■'M'iJkSf'^i 



c^i^ii^m 



;.,.i-%*S*i^ 






^2x*js;s' * 4,;«.£^£"i»^ k'sr^rf :i^jij,: 



•a* 

Th« tr«nBot>lpt %h*tn #liov« tlrnt *»n Vtxn s«m« 4liiy this 
letter v&a fil*«l in ttet> i^iiioipaX court, "thi* Q!><ubo coating »i\ 
fax further i>roet«'dJfif» Iwrcln,* r Judgment wr.« «>nt«r«d "on th» 

aiiBTrer •f the givrniBh©*" ajgainat it for l4Cfl, The ord^r 'Io»« 
fiat iBtf»t« wbo, if riixjron©, *«'« pr«»ent in eewrt wh«» it w»« 
tnt«r«<), end d»«« not ttAt^ th^^t 9^ trial ««%» ))<id or air/ ori* 
done^ heardo 

Kore thitn tMrty d«»ya flift«r that ^udsausnt who ent«rod, 
tt» Kftrni»hf(« fll»d « i»)ti9n to ▼a«»t« it «n^ ta atrilt© fr«« tlam 
filoa "the imrpojrto^ enmsdot! mnnjmr," oHTJiJortcd by thr ▼©rifiHl 
petition of t^<« gnraiahoe, tEt^^tie^ Vh»t th« l«tt«rr written to 
9lttiatiff*i! fitto nsejro «»» i»t rritten or i»t«af!e«4 eo »« f?«®wor 
•f t)i« g:ami»lM»« in t!i« RttJis«h»«nt pro-i9tiitn^, but wrs written in 
«»»«ar to a r«t|a««i for iafona<jtion a&de ^ ijluintiff's «ittoi"n«fye} 
U»»t plaintiff ♦« fittorTseys ■a^rt »«t ^atbori««»<5 to fllo t4ie letter 
£<• sn R.B«!wer or leaRnn^^ti ftiis^ier of Uie garnishee ^ thAt the «.«jeiier 
of the gnmishoe pr^viowoly filed was lb« true ««d eorreet »Bs?r«r 
•f tlw gami^hoe 9Ji^ hi^tidt sot t»e«n disproT^^ or eonteatod «t tlw 
tine of the entry of th« Judf3^nt» 8«d tlst I3i« onoli thIuo of the 
life inettrRAoe i^oliaieo issia^d 1»y ^wt gsjiniahee io not mib^cct to 
C^^mishaient* Thsoe motions rmd i^^tition ««r@ d«inied» -%»d tbo 
f«3nttishee |>r»yed, «^t %li9«e^« and ^t;rf«r9ted on apf^etj^l to this 
•oart* Letter, a writ of eri*»r frmt the judfaent v^m «tt«iO out »ad 
the iijii|>e®l jsfsrt the «rit of i>rror v^r© coneoli4&t«d. Bo brief » 
hove he«r file«! on beh^f of the plaintiff. 

90 are of t>b» opinion th^t tho letter froK the igenerol 
Sigunt of the gtyrnishes to tho plaintiff 'a Mttomeye should homi 
been atrioken fr^a th^j fiXen on tlrie eratien of the g&miehee. 2t 
oannot be Roastnied or trofitod a.e in ;«ny s^nse un "aaaended answer* 
of %im s&vninh»m, end tho li^b#9l ^ven to it by the olerk of tho 
l^iaieii^sil oourt ^^.oee not ai^e it kkl ^ss^nd^^d toa^iver* There in 
notMnir. in or ebout it t^ndin^ to sho-"- thv-t it ^pm. intended e» mn 



1tWev«.> tjft'*^lW fern ^fclfif!* .i? 
&»n *»% .^i^yiKI: -tew ^^ 
'•■■-j'l.' ^--;. 2S|l!^!i?»*j^'» m- ^*^lmi^ ' '"' "'' ■ ■■ ■"* ^"■T'--' •*^»' ^ ^■•s^tv-• 



^f**;i^, * 



,^,. -**,.;.. ...,., ..V,. * •*,», 



answer or «B»ndBiffat %e th« Mfiawer to th« «ttnehiii«Tit. 1\ wmm 
B«t riX«d ^ th« gtirniahee or lay nnyon* eetlnti fftr It in it* 
behalf or by lt» aut^hori^. The uss aado of 4t by plaintiff** 
attorneys appe«ira to hxr* be«R unnttthorised, unwArriuitvd aaC 
wholly indef«n8ible fro« &»y iwint of viow. 

Bat s^art frost on eh e»nsidier>itien«( «^le)i ohould h«T« 
b««n ouffioiABt to onane th« trial eourt to ^trilce th« (tocimont fro» 
ita« r#oord, there is nothing in tim letter whieH ■ttm*»nd9t aodifiso, 
tr&Tisraoe or eontrndieto May stateia^nt eontainod iji tlio n'oom ^nsvor 
of the garni ahef; properly en file» or «hieh affords »ny basis 
irtietoYer for a finding th»t the gnrnisht^e ■nitu indebted to Heymsn 
in «my eaottnt at smy ti»e. ?hft law ie ik)11 settled in this et&to 
thftt is garni ehaent proeeedini^e th© er^sdltor esm resorer only 
sttch indebt«4ne«s ns hie debtor atif^t rt«OT«»r in Ms ovn name 
in «n ection fet lew ( feaar v* ]^^^» ,y. 15 111. 89 j '^ebatgr ▼. >>te»le« 
76 111. 544; Cftpes ▼. Bttir |g^»6. 135 111, 61; ■■iyiMB v. Kjaawrl^. 
iia 111. App. 361, 3^6; Indefi<gndftnt filter ap. v. Hilblii;. 163 111, 
Afp. !•); and each iadebt^dneeai Kttst be awl«^ gib8«5ltttely «nd eub- 
^eet to no oontingeney »t th© tlaie the imewer of the g^misbee is 
'il«<» iiIS3.M±^^^.f^l...Mmim^^t ,c^,. . ,y ... .Thombar.g,^ h ..free $ tee 1 Co ^ . 
a^ lU. Ayy. 1 - ftffirjsed ©n ether grounds in Sia 111, :5«>,) 

the pollelee «tre i»t i'^^ t^ reoord, and tlM( record shoim 
that they were not before the e«>vtrt at the tiste ,t«d0R0nt w«» 
rendered, lieaoe, the only po«s?ibl<9 Infereaoe the ooort emtld <Sraw, 
fro« the ««7id@noe of the letter ftlone« - if thst w»t> eensidered 
a» en *eaended mtwsT" • w^s thet the ineurenee pelieiee hud the 
eaeh irai«e» stated in the letter in e ft»e they t^ere fturrendengd or 
^nwUsl »a Augttet ^, 1»2». there is no etate»i5Bt in the l«trer, 
h«*»Ter, m^t the H«y»»n ipolieles h^d been or *ere to be enrrendered 
or eanG^lied at any tlae. fhe letter »^r«ly 8t<»t«« thst pr««ii»« 
bi*d been paid «» the palieiea wp to Augaet a©, 19^6 . two tenths 



»^«lt '35«/#w4©<ig t^'^P*"* ,^^^«*^^^^^ 
-t^Tr^Mf' l»X«i«i(*» !rC»jifl»' tmi00&^%kiWMm j^m ^»*ttt- t^^fii #.'■*- 

«ii^ 'tMM»ii^iF|' mi' ^'#t^' ## #f»*lii'#,«» •«'«^' it^^ »M3&f 



1 



•4. 

teiijrond Mm! d%t« af Um letter. U«n«e« it ft|>p«««ris fr«» tl>« 
latter t^fet labile th« |>Qlicl(^» JmkJ siipulfttr^d ar <K»«9ut»M« 
»Huit rnla%n in e«;a8 the i^ilieiea \9«.rc 9arrenc!l«r€'i1 er ctdictllrd, 
sueb veluee w«^r« ivhAlly ooniineent iif^n th<» imrrender or 
OKjno«llatiOB ftf th« ;«llci(?6 te th« iBivtr^noe eoMp»'iiy r.t Cbo 
tiae st£^t<3>a* 

UoTm&rett as the r«o«r^ stAteK tshRt th» ^udpifttit was 
r«iider«i<i "on the answar of the g e. mi »h« <■•■,• it mx^t be KiSTOaicfl 
th? t the court «a» net iBfernHjd &« t» the tsinj&c of the lH»m'fl«iftry. 
If the iBsiirftBeo ^srss p«!gfa"bls td noyoiw Iwt th« adsil5ai?tr?''toy 9v 
«jte<«t«>r ef ih« iR^»r<?{i» ih« p«li«4©« cvaltt not b« >»ttrr^n4«r<»« 
or oaiiO£lle4 wiUi^ut tha eonsent ef th<» 'beFiefieri»ry, »ii4 in es.** 
of eurr^-wter or €ieBe«iiati0» th« Ofsoh Vftittft ^swuld b«io«g ta th« 
b«B«fi&ijKr3r» ev«Mi ti» iiig«.i»st Hm Itttnirtd (37 Cor^e Stxrln 444« 
M 16it) '^i'^ RO aoti«B *t lev 1^ th9 iB^^T«d ?Nnild 11« to reo(»T9i> 
8a«sh esish t&1«« u»l«se au«h ea^Betnt of th*>» ben«flelftry mtre 
«,ll«g«4 aad prsvad. ( ji««jc#lj._, .v«„.Bfttl table jU,if«, ,, i^8aaria«g« Soej^ty^ i^ 

131 iU«9. Ul.) 

1% B«a«s «l«^ir, the.ref«r«, iKSt OBlf/ thi^t th* a^»«».ll«4 
£a«n4ed fettswer sh«ul4 hav« "been t}tri«k«i} fr^m the fll«» ttp»«i 
the a«ti«B df th« g&jrBi»h««a tnt tjii«&t th« Ketlan t« VHe«,t« thit 
|«4gaeBt eiiovld hav* b«en ftile?«*d »«« th« ,fudpB€rt shattl^ hpv« 
b«®ii irae«t«4, fhe pt^titien of the gejpniRfe«€, thowr^ fil«^. more 
%3m» tiklrty cisye nftev th© d*it« ©f the ^!5|3wnt, would h»irc h«*B 
»»ffloi«Bt in & cm^r% »f «f|tti1^ i» ^iHEtifjr oiaeh rfllRf, sn^ th®r«* 
fore th# Municipal ewRitPt »»"*«??• •rction SX of th« ^nieipal conr* 
ftsi, h&«l larieditttiOB b% Vkknt tine tfl ri^oate th» ^rtgnwnt. 

©5M>T? th« ifrit ©f error, the j(tt<%lE«nt 1® ol^srly *»rroB««t» 
for ^N» refeooae ».h<rr« »tate<l. upea ibo r«E5'>or4 a» it stands, fJie 
4^^iVeBt islfamtl4 hare ■&«©« la fafor of, i«a%«?»4 ©f »g®i»st, th© 
garni eh>i$, s^di kb the errmr in tMs resi^ot !§> oa« of lo^ Siiidi not 












W:»l^; htm 
?s*s?i!f «rr«fl ltf*m'«?' 4,:^^^.^^l!Si»| ^/ 

^■a^ fj^n^v ".WX 



> tisro^s-^ 



, *si.iit«l«X«i' i 



• 5- 

•f fr^et, th* ^d«»,«t win b, r»T.,r,*d and th* «««„ ^JU 
not l)« raannaed* 



iij^ -mm^- a^' ^fe»«' ^»««^«'-' 



^in^Ah^m^-i'^ *«^- 



*^sl*-i^ 







Defendant in 'irnwr, ) SimOR TO MTTHICIPAL COUitT 

▼• \ / } OF CHICi^XlO. 

CB % tri»l without ft jtjrjr (3«f«a«lant w?fg found gnilty of 
ipMoUerlng ^^oA »cti}t«ne«di t« «tx nonthn' Qonfiiwnent i» the Iftms* of 
eorr«ctlon fend to p«y & flno ©f $300 sad eosto. tlter«tt|»en, h* 
sued out ti^s writ ttf orror* 

B«rend«nt*» aftin eont«Btli»n Ic th»t th» finding ia ^ftinoi 
th© i^ii^t of the evideneo. The trains Qriftt shows th«t 4«fen4aiit 
WAS eonTiet«d upon the anooi-rotorfetftd te«tl»ony of a woksh «*io waa 
♦Mplojred Tiqr him »o » said in on® of his roeeting hou««ia, osd th« 
aateriftl parts of hor t«8tiM0i^ wer* eiit4i>8«>'ifi(3ll7 denl«id by th« 
defoadant. After r«Ti««ing th® evidy^nee, thft inat,iority of tho oourt. 
of «rho» the writer la not one, ri*« of «io oi^inion that th« all«e«d 
offoneo w&s not prov«d ^yond a r^aKongi^io doubt. 

It in ftlso eonionded thut in such o&aos it anot bo slloged 
ond proirvd th»t tho |»Xao« ^tr« tb« offen»«. If eny, irao committed 
wao on* in which |»N»8titHtl«n wito urttetle#d, 9noottre|;ed er iftllowtsd* 
and that th« -mtmfm. wee there for tlu purpos© of prostitution, fho 
oontonUon is without »«rit. It is eafficient, tt»d*r th«B statu to 
defining the offenao of paBd«riiig, to nlXogo 4nd prow* thtit the 
dof«nd«at "knowinjily and without lawful considflrBtior* t«ok, «ece9te« 
or reeeiw«d "any sonsy or other thing Of vrIu* froa nay f^mlo perooa 
froa tho e^»min§8 of her prostitutiea," and this was «li«j|«d, and 
«wro w»s teetlKony tending to prowe it, 

»^ Judgnont ie reworsod end tho e^so roM&nd«d« 

Bamos, ?• I,, ft»d dridley. j,, eonour* 



^.u 



!ft«Sl# fern «U»«I»«5BR ^4i»fi^'i ^^ * 



'^'-*.. 



r / '^N / 

\ I A 

/ ) mmn to 

■ ▼• / ) 

/ ) KIHICIPAL CCTmt 

m »«rp«r.- ti««, ) Of CKXeAOO, 

JD«£«&d«iit la isr ror, ^#y1'iT^ AIt 

ua, patios aaissLKt w^isrmnx^ tm Qnmm of rm cwht. 

On Ka^r l;3, 19T.4it i>I«intiff eo8^;8no«£id @ first eltt»B 
AOtioa in s^^ttSi^Mit In qmIiS ^nlQipiil rmnrt %» r«o»v#r 'bnck 
from jcfendnnt tli« prlneipiil tmis of |1»000» ]m«t aoorued interest* 
wliiek CUB he had j^aiA to ojt ^&]>osit«(S «ith d<f«ii(tant, «» Jtemi 30« 
I9Sj^« in i»e(307daTio« with th# t6?»« of • ^rlttsn «M»Rtrf ot «n that 
d«gr «tx«:cttt€(l liy th« purties. His «s^o«Bd fyn«n4«d et&t«iae^nt ttt 
eX&im watte <»» ttotidii of d(%f@Rd»nt, iitrieken from ti>«( fil«F.., »n(l* 
upon hits el^tjtlng to F.%^iM )3y it, the eotirt* tm ifmi-tay 2^^ l^zh, 
«nt«r«a judgment e^gftiawt hija for Met»t i^ioh ^u^ppt#nt 1^ ^i« 
Dorlt of «rrttr ho ooeho to mf^.Tstt, 

Xt E&ppetara fron tho ooatraet* nndo a. part of th& atoto* 
MiBt Of e2.aiji« th^t plaintiff (^t»li;r} ^>x^ % r^eia^nt of ?hi3.ad«lphift» 
»«•, «ad dtsf«»diJWBt w«a » eoJT^oj'f'tlon, «l*h princiiml of floe at 
Chie^o* Illinois* »ellin^ it@ produotSt toto^n ao *A]i»kiR l>oeko 
tatA Al»rm»»* Tim oontract ]»roTi4o3 th^t th* Soopsaiy "l-ssro^ engaeoo 
ai&ld ^bsr to osV^bliah ^n4 omrry on a mibei^^ii sy businoeo for th« 
n&Xm of ite iproc^cts** in :^'r41ac]elf»hiA» Pa», »8d ndJ&stFnt V^rritoxjr^ 
*<iuri]ig tho ]^rio4 of threo yi^mm trem and sdT tor Ancnot lfit« 19'^3« 
BBl»|eo% to tho following tt»r»o ?4»d oon^itions:** 7h«n follow &t 
lonsth fg^riouft tomsa fmd oonditions, aemo of whioh r.ra th'^t "tho 
Coi^ony eh&ll ^ili. oeid :pro<luGt0 to iitihy p^i th# speeiol net prieo of 
m% off fro» its r^gttler list thrice, the r« fey provi«Jing; hi» with fttil 
ooapeao^tion for the s^^rvleea of hia e«;lB£siwBnj* th»t *-<uby ehall 
»ar«di»9« fro« tha Coiiiq>«i^ ^d i»i^ It for en initi&l a ttoely of 



ful ii^nmi 



iS'i ■■■^»l$ MtM ,«#»ate t«t «!»' 4f*i8-t-:»a*a •i?.?r«a!ai'j!3^' ■%»^r?' •■ 



•8« 

f©rty»fiTo handriRd 4i>llar*>» -north of X%n pro-Hi^t** at nnlA «p4?al«l 

)i«reiif, »nd tint ^wXi^noe •f |'^,»on to "bo p»id » jl3 . ,'^ f .V.r Ojy^./iHj^iW.B. t , X ,^ 
i8K32. - »•!« $l,o<M> %» V Ti»*R?»r'f94 ^» tamftqt gwnoy »hlgh o^kXI ^ 

by Uttljy to p'\v tfe« r«wfcijil«sj; "^uijSocjj* th t ?^by thoroftftor, dnrlag 
th« period of thfi oofitri&<st» •fihall }s«oj> ©» h»in4 'm^ o*b nt le.*«t 
fortgr-fiye iaindp^d doXXftrs* vtorth of ar4<l pro<Ju<stH rc d,#iP ^ngtr*'.ti«|^ 

fill orders ;* ^»t, »a »»i«i» ^-ro i«&a« from tla« to ti»« fron 0*^.14 
etock, tJs« money fveta i:ht* ^fi^Xtnn (to i^io ftsn^uat of firrl,? «pe?lAl not 
I>ri€«) shell te® pent to tho ^io«»>Mty, "•-sfhioh eihall th«»rettfon ns^o 
o^ditional ehi]^«nts« »« orcl«r«rt by »«ti<» Hal>iy, to r^r'lpce thff fjBoimt 
of fctocJt sold;* tltat "^^tttey'w e^np^n^'-Uon «fe.alX eow*i*»t «f ^?»W 
jier month, laad nlX »<»s»»Hsi3py «;ifen«cft of 'T'^rryle/f on hi« e«i<! 
Ifiuaini'oii, together with nn «fxtr« 10;^ of tte« i»«t r^'Oeipte froR «ai 
ataleo a«ds Ourliig th« month 1^ hi» »n4 hie @ai«?««n In fi-xc^ao of 
th« lagresd sr^iniisiun ©f §i3»oeo |n»r month, .9!,t ne^Ui speclstl net prlcoj* 
ths*t *Baby »h*s;ll d«T»te iii«,Bi^S,f fxcJ^lfAlSlX ** *•** iRxslrsfPS of 
uolXini; on4 f^rthftr inr thg aa^ o of op* 4 pr«4tt9tB &e fumii^ed to 
hta by th» So«ip»nyj* th^t, *tit th» «tiA of t»?»oh wsntJ^'s 'bjoincrB* 
he «dmll »ak« to the C«w|>»ny e fi«,ll T«poi*t of th« swleo »ad 
ojcpoBooOa ne&emp&njttig, th« r^^^piort with reaiitt«tiio«»i that Itt <3%bo 
S«by'« btjisincae bs so uttifnidn^enfttlXy ooniuoteci th t hi« a«»Xe» *(!• 
not {UBOunt to tm »iT«re^ ninimon of »t X9Ai>t #^»000 ^if ii»i!th« «t 
aikid apselol net prioo, th«n th<j C^mptai^ r»»«rr©» ^n right to 
termittftto thi» ^^gre-jw^nt umA fwirohaoo i^hy^a etoolc of iisld prodaeto 
thon OS him4, and pay &ia foi? mm th« jsriov ho ori -Inaily ff^^f^ tltf 
-^<W>^'^ . f^-r,,;^ ; BS^ appoint hi£$ natsceooor;* thr;.t th« coapeny will 
not •Jj^rcioo it« right to torwinfeto this «,gr« >j»ant •wr^til ^uV ^*« 
>i«4 ft ye^-T in ^ahi«h to doaoaetroto hi» e.hility}* $m^ th&t at tho 
•xpiriition of the throo yoar period of thio oontrant t^wbgr ohiax 



xm . ST* 






1 'j %■ 









mmm 



..:»g^« if-^i^ 









^ 



hafe %h<^ ri7ht to r^H** It, but If ht ^^ibll pr«!f#r iMt t« ao ••» 
h« 9hjtll .riir« to thA Ccwpeny & sixty Anf»* irrittaii iw»t,i4e t<» thiit 
eff«»ot, an<l tH* Crmrtimy th^-n *01m11 Iwy lil» ««sl<3 atAck of B«dA 
pr(^<Su«ts tin^ &2uJLX p4Aj hi» ther^^fttr the p>rlde k* «riKin«»lXy paid 

it for spsjW!," 

In hii? nntd ma^r*^f"ci ututn^ment of cl«ilm pl«intiff ullegea 
th»t tlM eoairaat «»e «XA<:«te<d on Jten* SC» iV^i^t imd th«t ta* •» 
th»t ^a^, in i>c^;«rd»ao6 9(1 tb itn temn, p»id t« ^r d<ponit«ci with 
d«f«ndtijnit the »«« ©f fd.cooj tJi^t tbie waa '■'^a to -set "f. ig rjr^ , 
i|»qn»»it for th«» <!t<^3.ly ^ay by dfftnclr'iBit t© plain tiff ©X-jar?-. A^^Mili. 
£tt|raj^ «f forty-f It© ^wnf1.r«d d«ll>j.rB» worth nf €ef«?rt<t«nt«i* pr<9J^9t» 
♦ ♦, iii« balan«€ ♦ * t« Iw pfili! ^t «»tto«»r ti»«ii «k ap(KJl'^i*-«ft in isftlA 
i?46T«e««nti • thi-t «s*f«nd--»nt *Jtr4X**^„,''^v, ^f^^tTr-T -^^^^ ^"- ^^^^ /I^Xiv rrtd 
.^:.ir>?, , <>t. Ji%n prQ<t^.e_t<l*' t© hi», ajs*, sGi'i <!dilvery aot h»vi«i: *:^:k«n 
plae«, th«r« imii •» f«iliirs ef s«»a«i<Sffr»ti«ii ««<! isa ol>lifi:ntlon «r«« 
i»<SMrrftd t«5r plfilBtlff;" ^ksst lie h«r- repeatedly r«»iw«f»tfd •i«'fm<iAWt 
tft r@p«y "*« SilR th# #l,ceo, lie de|««?Jted, Imt tluit jjf;f»«d«rst hM 
r«f^o<»d 00 t4> d«; tte;>t dtf^f^ndpiit lias stt&tainfid no d«ns)«;«s; emit th«t 
«.» to ^e |'4,600, *pttia %y plaiwtlff if def^H^issnt tart iK=nti©r;Pd ia 
the «ofitrif:at »i» twiiwy t© be j-etaiwie Tijr d«f««^r«t «^-« liq«i£$?.t«4 
df»®ac«s in the #Tmt !>lniiitiff frll**<i tt- pay tm c^.t^Jtiomvl ^"^fiCC, 
^ Aiig»»t 1« X933, f«ir e«rt*4.ii pi^t!»otB ^i^h iw?« ti» tw dcltvsr*^ 
lBf A»f*mf^^nt to ?j|.«lr»tiff ,« rm« rhicsh »«;.id *l.,f?00 hs^a bi?pn r«tr4R»« 
1»3r «Ssf «»<Simt, av^t<* r«!ti9«ti©B *in p f©rfoi*»,r« 1^ w^y ef T^«n^'<Itgr nad 
<s©«* iwt retpr^i^aat asseineft *it*i«r li^«id^.t»d ©r nnXi-j^idPted en«« 
t«i»9d liy d«f«pni!t*i«t#* 

W« tMr»lf it iis «prmrc«i fr«» ttoe pt*©iri«i©««! ©f th* ««»• 
tf5»«t tfe®t» o<»»: 'S'Wfliii^, ^m,^«t !• XP-iZ^ n:^\>y w».«j t© tN»aaiie <lefrn^.«»t*e 
»lf©«i f©r tts mX^ ef ite pr©<«uote in Fhiladelphl© sorsd Tlainityt f©r 
s pttrlJii ef tlir«<? ye*ir», evUjsct t© tfep rlf'lit ©f ^fffendris*, ^ft«r « 
yeity'* tri@3.» t© t^rasiaste mteh 'W^iiuisf: rei«ti©»e in c«r» hi© 
•simXnW' did aot j^8««at to an pw^pu^ ffittiwiM of fS&OC p©r icontis; 









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thut tut «HC %» r<fe«!iT« rx« cnnfkfitnfi: tion for hlaa^rTieiis «» eueh 
e^'i.liiif: i^g^nt $^'i96 per Konth und aIbo to b« paid hie n-" «<?»!<< ry 
ttxptmues; anl thtt, In on «r th» t h« mlfbt emploT oth-.r s#leftaB«n 
eiad p(3qf theib* oai^ pradttotn t««ttl<:t b« bilXe<{ to nin \y - 9f cnd.-«nt 
&t J. e|)« aiui rtfit prlee ef 30;^ off frosi its rwipilar "liot" prlo«« 
If he trr^s to btcera* « ^elliRft n^ent of dftfunA^nt'e proiiuot* In 
t]&Ri Idoslitjr* (iOJBK^noing Aagu»t X* 1925, It w»r nec«eaciry that 
hft 6h«ul& th«B h«ve eoxa« of mieJU product f^ to tioXl* Aocordinjiljr 
the ^ntrsct pjfOTlEled th t M .h«ulri < t ancv (.ntms 2f, XCSa) 
pttrcl'-y-ise from <^.»f*?nA¥n% $450o •*'«rti'i «*f s«id jprotittoto, &t fii.'iA 
itpecltiil rate, s^s tm "'initial ctty^'ly.* Hh th^n :^.id tlCOC to 
dejfcadisBt for Bvld sttp».^ly emd ugreesl to pc^y tho bf^issnof of .7^500 
OR or bisfore j-.aguet 1« 191"5, • iJiif* ■^.iftc *h«*ri li« w**.* to eoria:«tioe 
tectlng s*if iJslXlng -gptit for Hwff^n^c-'nt. thc^ <5f»iitrt:c;t furtbor 
pw»vide4 that sstld lltOO, ko fjKid, ii; "^t© ■&« r^gRrcied tw ©j»m«o* 
JEORey" ead iss to 1»«? *fferff^-l^:ei4'* t© (ief^»?.fe«t •*■■«& ll'|«i'!at«# <l*i»:'.f«r«,* 
in flaae ht fi;il» to pay »'-si4 balonee. Sot>?it.iaetsn41i!^ ihls;- for- 
feiture sieusjo, isnd m>twitli«t*fridir»«r thiit thr ^ntrstet f&i%» to 
Btantlon asj' Jc.%e i^§ d»*f«i«'3^«t Isi to ^,8llv«p t«> pX^intiff at 
fhiladeiphlsi ^'.eid iBitini ^mpply »if ^v.-fi'-nc'ttnt'ii pr<?<SHat)Q, t'T> ti.ii«5« 
it f«st ^ aonatrced wndei? aSl tl»*> pro-ylfclens of tht* ^ontr'^'*st« tHat 
i t 'ma th* is^t^.nti.ois of the s^ftrti^K mstt siuah. d^cliv^^ry ^«.» to t>« 
taa^ to oiniHtiff ^X PhiX,«A«lpiTt*i *m t^t pfiOf t«» -'Uglttet 1# 19^^, in 

?r«?dttata t« ««ll, ..^^lyMnt^ •pCk&intitt floats not rsAXf^e i« hi?* 3,t«»te« 
ar^nt ^f cjXaJla -mxy h^ Aid o«t m^^m *s%l^ ©ddtttOHfel p&yi^mt, yot h« 
&ii«g!fte in nu'bs tjsrtO'* t5*isit no morahjaiiitistn }i.-i;t '^«n ■Si-:Xi-/pffed to 
liim, th.At tfee Qoia«i<ierfttion for ^laloh h^ h id pai<i do^«a thf? 11,000 
has fsila-i, tfet.t i» 4f**u^o« h*v>0 b^en mitf^rts-^. lay 4«jf»>nJy.nt» ans! 
tti«t, 3*i»t»itht»t-r:n^itae <J*i^ forf^lta»?ro olswiso in tS>© coB^*?-«t» th« 
#1»S©C< athoiald lys> r«tajm*d to hla, 

Th* »^lm q^sdUon for oar d^l^rainrj^tion i» «h«'thor 






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pl&iatiff*i» tit«t«m«nt of clnin dn ita f.«.«e, taking into oonald- 
«r«iti«ii tfe« t«rw« of the contrriot »ftd« a p«rt thereof, atRt««t ii 
oaas&e of o8ti«ii for th« rccov«>xy of »ai(t .^IfOCO, 1a whole or In 
part, tmffici@Bt to rtmatvp dr-f^mdfMt to ple$<d thereto <ind to 
hciTO G trial upon th« Bt«rito. v^ think it <i»«n^ P» rtlo«iarly 
ae i^lAintlff «tXi.«;ge> th«t th« aonelder«>tleat f<^>r vhlch he hjul 
paid down thf. $X«600, has wholly fuil«d «»<} dftftsndRBt h«i« tntffarcd 
no dssaBit^e. In ^dypa oo ^ijaaooi y^rt Co. v, Frsnice . 268 111, 679, 501, 
iB diacaosing th« ciuot^tioa whtithier » oom Tia»cd in ^i^n i«tgr««ia«nt to 
seears iperfon&aHCO will l»e tr«>-'ted ■■',& ll^ittlduttd d&tn^es or » 
p«n)silt3r« It io ealAs 

"•^lle th« intention of tte« .ipaortifts on this* question 

assist be taken into (e«aslci®rntioB, th«^ IfiiwpiiBf^ of thft contract 
1© not oonclu'slT*. The oonrta of thi® 'stRt*?, ae s-ell ?■'& in 
other lurlsdletlona, le&n towards a eonati'uction wi-iioh exolu^»o» 

the id«a of il^id.'-'.tod dsaSMge® rmd pensits tli# «sril«« to r«» 
Ooy«r only i:Vfisa<»g©s eotnally »«6talntd. ♦ * ftei® and ©II otterr 
oourts &9€M to egroft «|)on tfea princlpi^ thf*.t e etifulnto^^ mm 
will not "b@ ;-4.1o«ed fiu li'iuldsitsd flsi,mig.«:*s «nl-:ss it assay ho 
f«irly allowed a© eo«peni9atlen for th® br:n4Ch» * * m imv 
fr«i««'ntly tanXd thf-it eourta '«dll los^Jc to e^^. %im nature ^nd 
parpoa« of fixing th€« esuittnt of 4?.y»«jf©» ^ h© ^«i«J, »n4 if it 
a|>|>eisra io h^ve 1i««*n iBB«rte-.l to sr-our© the |iroat{>t |>«rfor«ane« 
of the w.gr»<'»<sBt it iiili h& tre»t#<'j f>*i* e pew&ity im<3 no a»ro 
thun aelaiai d*»iaf>g«E preved G*in lN» reoovsr*^. * * In g«nerml* 
o nvM of ffionty in gros?:, to he ^«t(J for the n®n«.p«i'f03"mi»nee 
of an «^fre<3»^at, is eonoidf^rwd jso a p^m»lty.* (i»««, laloo* 
litie^ckt, Y» Collertq-fi. .380 Hi. SIO, 5ia,) 

dur Qonelttslon la th^it the ludiptont of tlio i«^isni«>l|^l court 

•h^ittld ho r^Vfir 8od «»d tfe« s.«a©« r®ia»nd«d for fti.rth«tr pr©o*»<Jings 

•ad ft trisX upon th« m«trite* Zt i« »o ordored. 

larao», j^, j,« t^nd Fiteh» J«, eoaour* 















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9f th4r •»tRt« ofl Cl,ar» Ji« Wi^^uetit ) Ap|>cal froM 

I App«l\ii^t» ) Clrouit Court, 

t* \ / \ Cook Ceuntj 



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KCAVOY GOIEPAIIT, * cor|M^a tlon, ) ^ '^ ^' — ' "" 

f 

i, .TtJiinCK OH^SUiT D-ILSVKR .3 Tilft CFIKIOE GF THS CjUHT, 

Xa an ftctlon on tlw e#t««, eonir.enG«<l 1b K^id Cireuit 
eouyt, far negligently eRoeln^* (»n tfeir a,ft«r»«^«ii of Kwy 16, 
X922c toe d«feth of s>l6lnUff»« lnt©Bt»to, « lltti© glri ftl»oui 6 
yooaro of age* ^MX« pleylng isrith otl&@r children on e!#rt«ii» ▼ftoont 
land, ounod %- or tt«fi«r tho oontr^l of d«ftnd«jRt, the ^Tf r«» 
tarsed o rerdlot of not ^iltgr ftifi tJie co»rt entorsd ,1wd^?»«f»t 
thoreon «^ftln«t r^l^lntlff un-^ ilblo eppoeOL fellow^^d* t)^ th«or;f 
of the ».etlon, »« dioQlea^d fro» tiso throe oounto of tito declesTAtloR, 
««■ that defendant nogllgontly maintaJLrifd on tho property «« 
ottr&etlTO nul£ianoe» i!*ii4ofe proxiJBotely er«»8«4 ».;*ld <Scattli» 

ilalntiff, tho aotbor of tli« llttl« girl, t«Btifi©(S in 
bar o«n ^hetlf nnd four oth«r wltnesBea for har. 7ho only tritnoos 
tallad \»y d^^sfanflent was one X^i^ria, a. «j|i«rthi&n<S reijorttr, wlio 
tostified frosa h.l8 ehorthtmd it0t«B« ti^icen at Mtm tisie of the 
«oro«er*» inquesst, a.a to wh.'it ««5rte>,l» of j?la.i»tlff •» witnisssac 
then had t<s»tifte«l to* At th« eonolualon of plaintiff *o avideneo 
aafanif^nt'e ai<3tlon for « iirocts^d Tordlet wan da8io<9, %«t thio 
■otion is^^s not ren«w«id at tlio oloeta of all tha evldenea. Daf^nd- 
ant, "by inti^duelng ^grid^nce and failing at the qaois© of all th« 
eTidsnee to ranaw tiw motion, welTed it, and, hanoa, thera is no 
aufi'lolent lN»ai« for ^afend^ant's e>ro86-«irror, hara wa«igne<J, that 
tlio ooart arrad in r«f«sing to .Jiraet a yerdiet in it» fayor e.t 
tfea oloao of «a.i tfe>:^ eYldanoa* ( Langan y « Ttnoo .Fjra -SBCft.|>e Go,. 



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333 111* 306, 312; ^If C n. V, ir«m»reh ':i*fTXitfir^tar <^,, 263 
111. 491, ft(Jl.) 

tin* land iB •ltuAt»4 ^t Vnm norihejist aommr 9t :><mth 
Park «;v©rrae aB«! !?4th atre*'*, Chlo»R», ftn4, eefl^«noiiikif; at a4th 
• trt»t *»nd mnnlns Bf>rt)i» iu kiM>«fi o.n Inta 1!«», 38, SM, 27 «n4 
28, «ii fusing w*«t ©n iOttth -Kt-k nT«iwi«, e nerth and aoutb ntr«et. 
tike t&vv loti< )9i,aY«> 9trfii9t mmTi^^rm, • $5 ^elng l?o« ^?,^99, imd 20 lM»inc 
Vo, 23&7, «io* • ATi4 « t9t»l fronieite «f KK.^ feet (9S f*«t VAek), 
vitli a depth 9f X'^ f«««t to <ua alley. 3;jK0«|ii for » b^m looMtsd on 
th« r«ttr Af l»t ^8, n9&r tfeus «tll«y, the e^ntirit pr«»il»«« wer« vneaat 
tmi uxtlarpr^iTttd . Th* fir»t l^lldlwg north «f ttu* i»r«Bl««B, Ke. ^547 
l>o«th Pisxk >iT«m}ea tf^s owned «ifi^ •eea9i«d lyy Aefenrtn^nt in its 
Inaairteae af Iwrewing and tielling nBr.r»lie«r. )>9f<!»«4s«t aenwHred title 
to letfi vS and J?6 (ttiese ne&roet to 34th street) Ir Hev<»»b«r, X»2C'. 
Abaca t aix sontlsje or «oiw prior t« the «e©Brren<ie (Miiqr is, l«ai?) 
there h^it, benn etsjtdi!^ on the two Iwt* © th ?««?•» to ry, briek *'»p«rt- 
iBey»t feull«SiBf;« but it had b»«B to,r« 4&wn ^nd defaMf^-nt h«M$ peraiitted 
KiOh ef the «reek®d »e.t«rial, 0tone«, brioks »«d plfe«t«'ring», to 
rsHB»in »e«tter«d ©v<^r the pr^mieea. fh^m wr# ftlso aany iron f>iiMe 
and fcnoer,, e hat waiter tank, esnd ts© eeneat lean^ry t»b» th»t 
reatftd on pisoee of boerde. fheo? tabs ole^c'd, *©re wider «xt the 
top %ktm »% the botte&, ^n^ &$ioh ^ei^h^d ^.beut 6<S?c povmdn. %«eh tnui 
diTld«^ into two eo«|»*riaiontB by » oemeat partition, as t^^ Jttet 
liwre tho tab* w»r# loasited stt ths tine of the ecowrrcne*. • -whether 
aboat 25 fes't north of .4th e%re«it and JAbout es fe-at ewat ©f -OBth 
tark «3Tem«, or fauptaa»r BO«th near the barn in the T&nr «f let 28 - 
the evidenee is senflietinc* It, hew^yer, appears that «11 ef iOie 
»&terial, inolttding ^c* t«e tuba, tx^nk, p*ipes* r«»eei«, etc., oould 
easily be »e«n frms^ both »tre!*t8, and that the presiisMse «rere not 
foBfted* I'Ortione^ ef the feneeu «hioh had enolosed the lots en «hieh 
the 4&p«jTtaent building t^rmerXy h»d istaod had Usen taken devn and 
eere aoattered oTsr the preistieea, sshi<^ «ere lo^ifeted in » ttiiokly 



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p$Y>ttIi»is<f district, vh«r« e larjce nunsber tt KhiX^rttn livefl. It 
furtbttr m^pet^va th.f f«r aeTAria A«nth« prior te th» ooe«rr«noc 
■any children of t«n<J'^r yf*fT»» liTlng In the nrlRhborhoed, pl«iyetf 
At T»rlou» ^8>i!»>0 in^ the nidBt of th« 7rcck«4 m*%t^TiiKl and in Ar 
srayBd t^e tubs; ih* t bobmi jjlrypd ^fttort* with the at«»«», pilinf 
them in litU<) r<9<»n«>lik« forwitioBB, i&niS Muld pr«t(?nd th^t th«y 
««r« w^rohanta <>'>Iilns T^rrioBSJ ws-svsft t« ©the;* children who »'««I<S 
««X!t lnBld«s that oth<?y <5>\ildir«!H plwy«?S ^IciMia^QtkV" ^Ith th« 
ttth«« 1 « <? , > gOEsa 'jYOttld »e«.t th«»K«lr«« in tha eom?><^rtT«ewti tmA 
oth<$va« stfioding «n iim 9id««, wswld rook th« ttt"5>« b&ck »»<! furth, 
firiiiis th»fi^ Bsatflfi iHBld's e **rld«*j thnt «n th« efttrttoan In <itt«stiOB 
8€Pts«.iJi fhildreji w^m fiwylng "Jciddie cujr* '#ikh on« «f ths tuha Mid 
it -w* 'fe^i'in*^ y«a)cedl »ad fin^lljr *-feS t«pj>l»4 «v«r; that, at th* T«ry 
%imt «f thff, iB«Y«»«?i!t de«(^4^is♦ci wac! et^a^ijsg ««!«j*lsy, dr jsiayiniK» -sith 
h^r *idep br0th«r, Jftaoj^, alisottt S y?«:iJ*s oldj mnd tha te»h struck htr^ 
•mi sine H«r h«ad to eois« la rloie-nt sonti^'di «rith %hm mt.t^r t^Hi^ moA 
•b« r»oeiTed Injurle® nihleh QE«s«d h»r d#sth. there »•-■*» «© «f¥id©»e« 
that di?f ^Bdr.nt «Ter h&d jiiade fctteaspts! t« pr«T«int ftr «fcra tin* uhlXdr«a 
fr<im plsgriJRK on ths jfr»»ls«3s. It ftir^aer <a|?|»*ttrffl ih&t plmlntitf and 
fpi«ily r«>8id»d iJKL^«4iiktr«ly «i^|i»elt«f &t th© »orth»«t»t aftJTfjer of ^outh 
fwrk 3sv»r!u« f-B€{ 84th «iP*«t, heaving moved Q,er« &. t«,.m d«ys before th« 
oe«urr«5HC9j thfet thw diKC«&6«d*fi siider hreth^r, ,Joae|»h, hM i^eyjsd on 
th« pr»^»ifets thre« sr four ti»«»» hut th«*t tt^mumik ««T*r h«fer« had 
h««a on ti'i««; thftt d««««iMi«4*a p^jar^atm w«r«> '^'orklng P«0|)1«, • th« 
father bdlisg a j&nitor for bulidinga l«jd»t«d i?«itirby, and rlaintiff 
doing hou»«*ork far others, th^tt tJwsy hmd war««<i tisoir ehiXdrwn not 
t« pl*y an th« premisaa; thut e rXifr in said afternoon pXalntiff* 
harinir r«tMr»?!d fram h«r wark, 4ir^eted d«a«a*>«i, Joeepii, and a 
y»u»jg9r «hlld, lil«ih&«ri, t® iJOLagr in frant of tha house «h«r« tha 
ffesally Xlvfid, «liile she did csrtaln mrk in thalr >ww»{ and th»t» 
ai though th«y pro«l9«d to do »o, they «lt«rw«xds weat ssoroaa thi 
atrtet ftud, M-pan the pr^iaiaaa «*«y« oth^se shiXdren were ]pl«yln«. 






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«rdiR&rlly» t5t« ;tiArtioii 'dirth<rr ohJlldi*«n of t«nder ye&rt 

Itl^t rcft-senUjIy i!« cxp^ats;' to b* n»t?**qt«4 t« wo upon uTi<m«Td»* 

pr«iRi»cn is for the Jury to 'l^t-^rirtno. (?W *.«L,i,, noto, p, 7a| 

City ef Jptfitin v. i«aM«fean^ 15'^ 111. X41, 1*7, 152; Truo .jb: Tn>« C», 

T. -•<!» « 3©1 Xll# SI 6, 3lfi; StolXery v« Pleer» ^t rtet ity. Co,, 

R43 lU, 3»C, 293; trteaweil jr.^Clty ff CM«fg«i ^•'' l^^* ^Q«» ''•^O; 

ife|i4 grt^'0n..T' .S^'f-atea*. '?'8 III, A^^p, 5^^, J-fS?,) A»d vm think thntt 

nn^«r ^'^ friOte in ".▼idoB«<*, It was ,f©r the jNiry, being propwyly 

in8tr;iet«d, w ^^gr 'vt^athsr 4 f -fn^iioit tmo llnblt^ ta plaintiff «a tlw 

tiieotf Hi it» b.*»lag aeglifisnUy a.-iint twins'* on the ^reasiaos aa 

attr:ieU-f« nai«ri»««, «:iia]!i f .r^xiSAtaiy a:m«<^<t th?~ Atith at ih«i llttlo 

girl. 11 ^5j« ««»<»isU&l tUfe-t t^« ^ify »fe»«ltf te« gir«n e.o»ir»t« and 

not aislffi^aing ln& true tlftii«. 

m9ng th« p«ii<tte sr^^ l?y >lisi£«tlff*fi <JOiinp<5i for a> 

revcrftel »f t ;« ^u'^ffctnl fcre thsA t-Jrvfj irisil G«r«rt «^r»d in living 

to tJ»e J«sy «M*jrt«iis ittelmoti.ont» (nff ^n^A tsy 4«f*»i3a»it» ftM In rtt» 

fnsiag e^rtAin «*Jiiii!r& 6ir/<;f«<J. fej plaintiff* tw^mty-seTan ini<^trtt<»tien« 

»«r« ^iyes • ion ii^ing dff«r«d 'fei,f pladBtlfr ^dsd «6V«Kt«»»i fey ciefendant. 

Of fkMMf <9fti»r^ii hy 4»f6n;iant a*»y«n 4ifeeti3<i ft v*r'liot f«r it. l^-imr 

lnfiT,r,jetioise ©fferea by paaiatlff nera r»fttR«»*» Ot^'SR In^irQctioa 

Ho. ^i'', offered %y 4ei3ndaat, i« s-:^ follo»»t 

''f.bt $vn(y s;r« l»*trttei«d tSs:-;t, tli« ffier^ f«fet tVutt U3« 
4«f«nUfi>^nt has vl»eed no «4tn«tiG&» upna tiie s^iand ej».^«pt the 
807«»er*f* r«j>'r.rt«r s-lieyi«S «6t fefe tsiken \*y yoa ri> any 
iRdie@tlon th»t %tm lefendfint lis liablw for dumu^BR 1©J tlui 
?i**th #i' rlf*in+lif * ¥» ^,?c«<S«.Tit. th* ^y^«r of proof i» epon 
tho plaintlfi' find s}h« ism si prove %ha »atfrl»I, fe iI «»|i;f^tiOKB 
»f her U^cltir; tioR, cr Ktstto en^nt t^*7•l>f , l>y il»« ^r^ponl^^ranoo 
ar (rr«»teir r^sright of th« evidence b^^tor* she cro reuovtr. If 
y«u i'lnii. *h:^% th« ilAintiff ht«8 rt»t, proved the «fcJL*rr.Afti 
Bl>JM.^*i5^ll5 ^f ^i* d«al»r^tiOR» «r aoHO c«vimt thereof, by a 
V^feroiJ' 'X-iyB** «*r f;r©i;.i,«r "txf'h» f'f thr ^-iridsnes* or if you 
fivid th»t tho «Yid«ne« ie oyenly b»l&B«etii s^ ihut y<r>u «ure in 
douht or una'bl« li5 ;say ??hich *l^.<s» hjir, thft ^?«fK»r,?i.:'r««c» «f tho 
tTidpffo*, cr If thR rYideBist preponderatoa in fuTor of ikut 
^cfMnaant, thefi in A-iih-vr Af .-^ art «v-<r'i^u VSc rjlftintlCf t.<*iin«i 
r@0or«z< an«l yow »h«>w.d find th« d«f*B«iw.nt not guilty.*' 

W» think it w«p error t» give thlo inetruotlon. B«fon48ttt*« 



^^c,U ■ ■'ijt^tt'^r-: 






iki w-T ^r t-i-.'- •>-4v- ..■■■i.i.7 '!r,H' • '.^ ■■•;.?; ,f'i 



-5- 

aounsel adailt In iimXr printed 1iri«f here filed thut it auqr "b* 
•iBChnlOi&lly defeetlTo,* ^fe th^^t In t1«w ef othir alTen in- 

• trueiions it vab not i»rejudlcittl. '>• oonnet »4(reQ . The In- 

• traetion cilrected a ▼erdlot and in »o othar w»re the .'fury told 
f^at ««re th« m&icrittl all«g!>tiena of the deolAre^tion, Th«3r w«r« 
left to ep«oul»te* or to ^i^oide »» n mmttusr ftf Iww, &<» to wh»t 
were the atsteriiil ollegatiOBS, rthA bueh «n in^tnjotion h«ie r«» 
peatedly h*&n eoBsidered rb groand for rereroai. ( 4 ^, ty o f yalrtmy 
▼. a«rae« . aaa m, A|ii[^. 389, »93{ l^a mishl in T. tte gteineon . S92 111, 
86, 86; 8e,yT;iit.r ▼,, Ill.JLfiOia Cy.i^t rfel. R. Co». 3W 111, 464, 473.) 

In givett itvetruotion l^o, S6, offered 1^ defendant, it wiu» 
«i8t«<i th4»t, if the $Miy found {is»f«>e4ant li&Mf^, then th«y »aiil4 \» 
required to eonelder iih<->t 4.rM^^&t if ^x^* th« next of kin hfi4 sae* 
tAlBCi} tigr r»iaeo» of the 4«R.th of d«B«e«.is«-^, »Bd it «•&* ftirther st«t«d 

•♦In iSeterminin^ the ?«iM>«nt of dsssRageK, if sny, yo^ jjsuot 

■be goY*rne4 solely % the uo-^jal ■p^minify.ry sion<^ leae, |^ 



1^ eba y^ •>?•/ . ^e eridgiftoe. that the n#>;t of lci?i of «i,eC0f4«ed hae 
»u^t.%ined liy re .'.son of h^r d^rr:th, Yo« cjanrsot ».ll«w ^ny 4I»iB«i|?©» 
for sorrow, 'ber «& Yemen t, mentK^l st*ffaring of th® next of fctn 

«f the dooeased, nor for s&fqj' loea of soeietty of s?i44 deeeesttil.* 

JProof wip^e Mede of the age of 'Use d«»ee«®ed; sn4 aa t« her 
iNiiai; the child of plctintiff ^ind hit0%aj94 Imt no eridenoe ef fi,ota«a 
ptcuniftfy loea to t^ee «r»s intro^oed, J^laintiff* e oounsftl urge 
thitt, bsQ&BBG of tfe» warAte ""if 6iny is ohown by the evidenee,* tl» 
givixNS of the inetm^^tion ws ipr^judiait^l to pl«*intiff for the 
rofieane th&t there was no o«c*%slon for pittlBtiff to show lay eridenee 
any oetttel noney loos a*, there la » pre^^tmption of loee to ps'^r^'nto 
in caae of the death of m child of tender ye&rs, m&d th»t the Jtiry, 
following Uie inetraetians eonld hut fin* e^^inet pleJLatiff hee^uee 
MO ^etual pecuniary loea vn.n shown. v«> tislnlt th^t the ine traction 
was wielesdlng and pre^dleial under the cir&tn^%}mit»». In Bclohery 
*• ^iBl»»i -"'KJ 111. AiE>::i. 331, iS26, It is Ofiddi "wtoere proof of ti&o 
mgtt tmd r^-ljgtionehip la sftde, ^e Jnry »f.«y es;tl»^te the dajeogee fro» 
the fftoto proTen in oenBection with thwir knoivledge and cxp^rienoe* 



•ffiSSE E-'d'^ •.. 






«iidi##)0'^mf; < 



?:'; a'lM^i:!^: 



i|'';;?5-»ft ., Ijc-.''*?*^€^''is:^ ^i?'<? <!?5: 



And th« Iftw prcwujoaeA uft»<» nubKtiuiitl&X duRSKett t« th* pAr«°nto fron 

the f«<5t of d«i«tl» nlotiea" (oltlnc* .C |.^y af Ghl(^ * >.::,o t» ■cholU'« |H 

75 111. 4*8, 4?1; Gjty »,f .Chj^i ^o v. Hpalng . 85 111. 304, ^:07; 

littkttiejp Y. Cl»Tglim«i. et c. Xy. C<i.. 2?.? 111. 104, 109.) The oaurt 

g«iT« Mnwtlicr inBtruction, effer«d laiy plaintiff, rel<«tini!; to dKA«c«s« 

tet r<tftt««d to give etill cinother, offerod by hor, !<o. 26, «hioh 

eontttlned the element thnt, to eR»1»lt the ;Jury to «RtiMAti» th« anount 

of the da^ &(B«K, *lt la not n«o(»&@e.ry thj«t Mqy witncae «}ietil<; hiiTo 

o»pr«ase4 fin opinion ig» to the wttonnt of ma eh d'iTSf;«K«», "but tho jury 

Mgr th«£^.«!«»lYe» nake auoh «:utifitHt« froa th« funts) whA eirotm^toneoo 

proY»<l, «nd Isy eoneidcriag then in «ionr>»Qtioa with their kcmvledgo, 

ohoe^rY^tien and experlenco in tho «ffa4r» of orUnftry life,* in- 

•truotions, in oul^st^iOtiB-lly tho e»a» l9,mgnt&^m h»,ve boon £ii|»proT«d 

in ?^«yth ghicci^a i->ty««>t R* Co. v. fltajriblsonfe. 1S(J Hi. i66, 469, »nd 

*" Sighia rdBon y. i ;e lean . aai ill. 354, ?.fte. tb* prwafrnt e«%e« li not 

one iNia«re Aemfifee imr« nought to b^ re<$OT«red fnr s^ectical ex.p<«n»@a, 

or imeh «ther itejB» ae tho law reitttirt>» preof of. (.•'«§», ^-giaf^ r. 

CaicfcgQ City ft.. Co. . XtB 111, Ap:;. 27, 36.) A«d w-e think that, 

«,n.i«r the ciroiOBfot .ne^s, the instruotion shi8>t;tld hK;y« b06»n glvon, 

Giv«n isfctmction I<o* 24, offeyis^ Isy def^ndeiKt, lo ro 

follows,: 

"It is iu»i «T<=*i?y Injaiy ei* d-eviitli that af*k«« a 4«?f*!»ndsnt 
lieihlo for ^^m^nnz to th« perssion Injtirsd or killed. If the 

in^ry or d<»«th. »s,£. 8S«Yr,idf9blei» m tnr »si the 4y=fen<!sBt 
i£ljSl?*SI*l« *^«« fto ii'afellf tyie" in0«rf»d V' tke «Sef endsjjt, 
«dieth«r aij a r^jsttlt thereof s, p*',r.so« Is in,5«r€?d or kill<Rd, and 
if in thi«8 ease j^u belioTo fro» th« srldenoc th«t in eo far 
a,i> the dijfen-lr-st is nosac^j'ne-.l, th*? '1©.:tlii «>f plslntlff *» 
decedent ^^ » HnttYeidfeble. th«B the ,1«ry ehmild find the 
d«fe^ndftnt not guilty." 

■Shis ln»trtteti&R direeto » verdiot. fi*em it th© $\kvy 

ai|^t wall h»Te etonolad&d that, h^e^as® the tub was tOjo^lod OTer 

by eoao of the flaying (^Idren, d«f?>ndiint h»,d nothing to do 9ltlt 

the i»si»*4iftte hRps-'Onin^^ of the eeeurreaoe ?ajd the dee.th ■»»» 
*unairoid«ibl« in so far a» d»'f and^ni im» eone«med,* and that it 
eould not be hold liable. H© iM^ntion is xaauie of the esaentlal 



' -'l^ 



K.U f 



'.'■iff '9*' ^''" ; i^:'^f^'r'^f Iftf ?!W '■■*'!"^ 









*r }^* 



f«!''ii^'? 



c>lcB«r;t in the e»ti« •f defnnArmVv S3sint«n«na« of i«j| tvttraotiTB 
nulaane«» or of lt» po«ii;ll9l« prior n«giig«no« in f jailing Xm 
maintain f«n«<>8 stroun^ the pr^nis«R wlittre th«r» ««i>e «ttr'i«cti«na 
to ehillr«n, or in failing to vnrtx or otlaerwioo pr«Tonx th*f« from 
eoain^ en sue]^ 9r«B>ise«, ete. It ia t»«Ii ««ttl«(i th^tt vh^re mr 
inetrttotien is giTfln direotin^ a irerdlet if th« j«ax7 •A«ii. find 
oertain f»ot8 to exi»t» it oufit «iabr«)La« «il tJa« f«»<^te ^nd crtn* 
dition* flB»e>ntinl to «ueh veraiat, f^nvi if ii Jo«» not Wi« ti«f«ct 
is not ttired Vy other inutrttetiona. (^^iiis?AP. I yon, a '*^%ml, vj> .« t. 

Wgbsi;, i9« 111, ft^, 52-1; ghJLgta^o QQnmXi&i^t^ d Traotion C o« t. 

i^ahritter . 222 111. 3«4, aiu; j aeonoy v . ^iity o f ChifatJ^fKO . ^5« ill. 
414, 4St3.) In g^r»on. nrjg ^^oott li C». y. Ghica^o ftya. .^e ,>. 3CS 
III, 34S* i^&^t in digi^esing a bOia«t!tli»t %imXlikt int^trvtoUon* it i» 
said that it '^tti^-ltt in a»fm m»«ft lav mXnlem^itt^,*' tjnder the feots 
of tho pr«R'»ni ca-** ^--e think tlRj-st 'tibw instmoUon mus mX»le^A%.ng,, 
arr«n«ou@ »nd prsjudiclRLl, 

Complnlni i« iBHde of th« driving of oth«r iA»vr«)t<^tiens 
off«r«d Ijy <iRf®n<i®nt, »««! In %h» rejection of o«rt«in tft^tiasAny 
offor«d 'fejr plsintiff , 1m t «e <*««» It tt»ne«t««.«firy t© dJLi^eues 
oo<}na«l»* rsointo B^ofisaae, if th«r>«! -mirx mtnf «rror» in tlsfi «»tttr« 
ai«ntion':.'4, %jmy a7>« not lilcel^ to oesar on ^no'Uujr trinl. 

B«G':4ass« of tii« ^•rrorsiBdJoss-t^d ^« Ju^.g»«nt of tho 
Oir«Alt e<turt i« rf»v@r8«4 an4 tho e«tu8« i» r«»«n4«»d for a nm^ trial < 

B&m«si, F. ,T., and Fitoh, .*,, ooaour. 



Vf^^iff^tf'tf 



K*-^t.*,f.'- 



t-m^ 



\Tfiimi ■ 



S'i »': ' 



'^mt #> 



,TA{ft 



7e • flosaa. 



BKHWlGo mr^KTt os Minor, V 
Cttna«Ilu8 i^rpJiy,\h«r father 
and n«st fri«itd« I 

fittlntlff i« K 



^UULlJuK 3, WyAS, 




De^nda&C la Error* 



/ " 







) MHOR TO 
) 

) atrpi^Rioa COURT, 

CODE COUFTY, 



IX 61 3 

[» jtiatic-s ai«ia.gT Di^sLiTKSKi) the ofji^iois of ths coimT* 




By thla writ df trror pl&lBtlff »e«k» to r<rTer»« « 
judgment in .U«r f«,vor and against ^itf^n-dimt for ;$a00, r«r)d«r«A 
after T®rdi«t W nmiA au|>srldr c^tjrt, in an a«tlOB f«r d^'magoo 
for },>a.rBon*l injurisrs r©«fel"r«4 lay l3i#r in sssb rutossobilw mecKirnt 
o« the wonsiag of j^ly J3, 1923, iu tfe« lnfcersi#ati©n of jujxrwiaio 
aTomto ftSiS f«et Monroo atret^t* VMics^o, lllinole. The m«4n 
ground for rs9Yer««tl lo th«t tJ&o trlalL o^urt «»rr«d in ov«rrulli9g 
her eatioa for a new trieil, 'b#<Siw^« of the unransono^lo inodocpooy 
of ^0 vordiat* »M in entortm^ Ju(i^j!^nt on euoh vordiet* 

Fljaintiff, Rb«)ut i4 ye^TiB o.f fiji© sj/iid i* etttdeat la » feii^s^ 
schonl, r-sis a ptte»«i^or la a 'S$>.&h tiutoBofeilf?, o^mt^di ^ad drlT«» by 
one Verm) J. tuttlti, vko h&A inrlted li«r to twoowa eaeli y^etieairer. 
Zsfi'.i^dilatoly prior to %he i^ecideat t)ie i%ttto«»'bll« «&» iMiBi; drirea 
tst & iaed«r(it« r^to of «p««d in ten t^^sterl; direotioa oa '^ost isoaroe 
otr«@t (^a oitiot sad w@et street), «,prr9»ic^ng Lriri^atie airenuo (», 
aortlh fiiad ooath street)* iilUi mmn aitUng oa ihst. froat seat «t the 
riglat of TuttXo* Ja@t nit they r^&ohoS the iat^r^rotion th«y 
aotioed d^fftadfeat*« ^iat«»K»bii@, % H^-jni'de tourlxqc e^r, isoviag eotath 
oa JUmreoULo i^Tomio, op'projivdhlag o^^ld iatoroeetion iwt then about 2& 
f9«t i»>rth of it* tiMi H^isii oar resided the iat«rac«ction first aa^, 
h»Ting th© right of w^ ander th« t»te.tate (vectioa 35, Motor 
T«hiel« Aot, C^ili*» ^tet. 19P^, p. 3359) » itnd thinkla«; thct 
d@f%a4iiiat «OttX(i ch@Qk the epetg^d of hla ear, Tattio, the drlTer of 
tho Mnmh our, proooedod iieroos tli« latersectiea* Tho Hejra^B oetr« 



M r 1) • .-^fr^i 



if 



J 13^ 



^ *r.';5': 






-Tf &.«*rl- 






S''3ia*. 



-.iig>i»'«il^>»^4iiX 



^4t: ■ 'f;*--, ■■■■ • . ■'■ ■ : ..cT 






drlT«n by iSef«neajit, oontina?di on it* •out,h*»rlv c»«r«« pt p.n 
exc«»aElT« r&%« of Bpe<^4« t^nd ^truek the r«nr l«vft li^t^al •f this 
Vtit^ c»r tsflth uuoh fortm me to avlnR It sround nnd o^ttn** it t« 
tara erer near ttis eoutli earV of ^«f.t Xenro* street ftn th^ first 
aide of Xi^r^aie ATeHue. -^itne8««ti of the fnooidont mnh«d to tho 
otu't found tv^th Tattie and plaintiff lyin^^ 'beneath it imA 
oxtrieatod thon. ^l^intiff wna unooneciou» amA h»r <tlothinfr ''"ho 
tOj.'B &XLd ot&in«d with hlo^id* .;iho was ttUieon to a h08|iit»l ^ifhe^re 
it wj a found thfit her ri^bt eoXlar feo«« wrs >srol»«, her rifht 
shOttld<>r aAA rii;^t kaoe hadly in^fured imd th^i't eh« h«»4 miff«r«$d 
WHB^ oeriotto fsusd palnfui f3.ei«h wemnde on hftr fooo &»d "hod^. 3he 
re«ai»ed in tho hogipite^l for ovtr throo vooIev n^nd^nr th« oaxoof n 
I>}^£ii6i tm» 2^. ]^h6r» <^ring iHAieh timo mn ot;^r»tion uttia perfonaed 
•» tho Qollar bono ^^ad ehould«r« ^it» th^n w^b %^lmm to i^nother 
hOispitixl «Ji«re she r@Bttin«4 for t*o «»«»kE tindc)P the e%r^ of oth«r 
fi^sisi&ns* ./■J't«-r r#e^iiriitg furthor toeat»sBt th«re ajs^ sw'beeTttwntly 
iis,t her heiR@» it «&» fsmnd ttost there wbs is.b o*r«rl«*.f?i«K of the >*'Onea, 
thfet on infeetloB hs4 de-r«Xop«d »nd l^f^t th«r# «»» « (liouherging sinao* 
?l4&iatiff w^s takon «g&iii to miiA othor hos^it^* ^©r«! » ao^nd 
op«rf^tion »si9 iperforttod on her shoulder, shortly h«for« the trial 
93s» imn o%«tiBinsd hy Br. Bia'her «ha t«»stifie<^ -m to htr th«n condition: 
•I find tbi shoulder is throsn forw^jrd a littlo bit «nd ie&vos tho 
hlftdo at the hottoM etitd pro4€ot«d h3$ckw»»rd « iitt3.e« f^iving e 
iittie ham *« tb t rii^t ahoulder. This condition ie por»»ffleat« 
Th« two fraatarod ends of tho bono »r« abnonsai; th«^j fsr« ov«r« 
zlAlng; th«y «>re ho&lod in this iHdsitioa nov. * * 7ho 9r«8«»t 
condition of tho knee is «© good as ean be cxjuseVd under the Tcrjr 
oevsr« in.lury that sho h^td. liow<'T#r, f't ♦iiwp eh# vUl have eon- 
oidtfabie pain and aimoyanec froa the knoo." I*laintiff teetifi«d: 
'^ right siM>i«ldor c^t tho br^ek of the shoulder bl^^^do protrudes &Rd 
ttore io a bone thet ^tisks out. • • the right sh^uldrr blftdc 
Aid not ^ti^r^oat «a^ rurUkmr tiUA the loft bofor«r the aet;id«^at« 






iS ^,*r> ■. 






eft ^ Jjt*' 



». -lir.K.. 



!*«;■ 



^ * The 3h»ttl(}'*ir p«ln« mf osci&aiontftlly andi alw«gr« la Vnd Tvciith«r. 
I hiT« n»t aftioh str«ai?ite in 107 right r,m new* « * iino* th« socidnnt 
a^ Tigl&t Isg 1mth«re »« «!h«>i! Z utaitd on it for »ny oonsidembX* 
length o^f time, tt |)f>lns ire nnd is »«iUc, tlumr,h I hKve nttv » fe^irly^ 

nexaisl BOtlcn df ♦h^^ nif^ht l«g.* ?her« was stlra «Tldciic« tli«.t tlMt 

rffnsdTtr.^le ehrrgep for tb« s«rTie«8 of the t^tt^ndlng pt^sioiaa* 
•s^cituiriire of mrtito* 9h«irg«« anH tanerpit&l «xp^ii8«e, v«r« $3dti, 

Aft*r n o«irpifttl, reTiow of the avi^&nots ym aro of tho 
opinion that th« r?Qoi*!««t tmA in.lMri«s to plftintiff w©r« proxiJBftte]^ 
eficuso<1 "bjr the r?«gltfl5«»i«« «*nd «9J'«XeBC driving of tlie dgfemclttat; that 
th« in,f»rl«9 ©h^ r«3iriT«i wsre 8«v«ro smd |>»tiif«a,, swm of thcitt being 
par2&n«»tj th^t th« ^^m^^& f»w»*rdf?di h«r "fey tbe ^wry «p« a«re jiBone'bly 
i»«d9?TU«t«; RT*4 tfe@t th« trt%l «soi.»rt «»rr«4 in not grip^jjting her notion 
for B ner tri&l oa mec«««t of tho in^saequaoy of t&e ▼©rdiot, wad la 
enteri^e th« ^uftpeent in ^.ofltion* It i« w»XX settled ^ ihe woifi^t 
of aut-hojil^ thfit »n ViWiTtH^mnttblf «»all verdict, t» wtell «»© n groaoly 
fKcepriTO e»©, is etihf9»t to refiow 'by the aourto, &nd th#5:t one of 
the firet ni-JR<»d sdsiarp.^tcr in tm ftetien for pereoneCL injuries ahouXA 
lie »ot R9i<S«^ tmA « new trirsl MSfir<i«4 in ttw i»t0r«eia of jtt®tio«, 
i^S:?.rj,amisM.M£s.M"> i*?* ill* ^-"^^^ ^^^. ^*S8s Yath^ Xl v. City 
tOE!i-i*'.-E^1'M£» 1^^' 1«^- ^t S4j Tol#^^.%s..& Li^iht. wp. y,^ M&«o>a^ 
SI ®hlo at, 463, 4«S5 fstyr ▼. I^njto^ atijlrf ft^e. 18? C«aif . S08» 
50»l Hgn^fr.^.!!, It. ^>t> ggnX ^ ,att3^u^ a, 4'o,.. S2 ainn, 479, 48S.) 

FIaiBtiff*s oonneeX 9?l(ie eenten^l that tht tri&^l court 
wwa84tt'«4 jpr^.'^dieiia «srr«rs in certain ralinga on 3«Tideneo (a) 
in «n<!ttlr j'??eti?lctinic th« re»direet «xia»iBation of pl«iintlff *s 
*it»?«#, L«f«h Mumble, ®a4 (b) in «xcinding te»tj«eny of awTonO. 
of tl«iBtiff»s wit««BB«s »*r to A osrtslB «tfi;t<@Arnt mniitt tgr dtcfendAnt* 
iB«5'«<!i&t«iy sf t«r tti« aeei<l«rnt> ssis to «4ty hs did t»t stop or 
eheek th* s.p%04 of hie fi»toBM)\»ilQ. Tha- «ita«Bs, he&h Mahio, on 
tSirs-ct 4Jxi«ineti.on h%«l giTen tf^-tisiony, a-s had other wltnosaoo 
for plaintiff, tending to show th^it the M^sih SHteaehils, in ^^ULeh 






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ylaintlff «« % ri<(liitr« r9K(!h«<S the l»t«rt»(>cil0ii firai; an4 ^n 

cr90??-«2rair4»^itio« :»h«! »Ri« » fitRt^atent which tendftd to «h«ii that 
the at^r.Xierry wi??, tJse f?>«t« Ob re-dlreet aha cuas n£!k«<1 7«i«i9tlon» 
vhlch £!<=.■»? h-r -m •r>T>f>vtunl*3r to ex]^lHin. .^«ri4o4 or m9>iifj her 

S?j(W *n« nat f-illowe'li to MiRHRjr tl&<» ^fuc^^tiona* Un/l?r Mm cirous- 
»tAne«di, S3 41«?9l«>9«t1 In th« ^r«««nt rscerd, ^jre think tli« rulingt 
»»r« ©rrtimitts, {^tj^ojuv y. Ooqch . 141 H. l.* Rep, (itaaa.) «0f>, «06; 
Baaabl^n -y, i^etrolt Unltod n^^tlyp-^ii^, ^16 Bleh. 291, 595; aoiai» gr« y « 
Ualtga states . '»9?5 T«<S, a#|>. 4-47 j 4S0; i?t«t* V. Mk »»<>^y go»^ So.. 
g«3 III. 4S0, 4??a: .^y ^gn fll T. 3tji,t8j» „ 87 40. t«p, (Ale. /'pg*.) 2^1 g 
jff^.8,) A.-^ to ^9 «:tsltt<^?<*. tt»£^tiiiO«y r<a to tl»9 »t&tem<?iit »3d« liy 
defeti<lfe».t i«mf--''t«i.t«ly s.ftor tb« e.?ftident, i>lAiiitlff*« .attomoy 
offers" ": to sh«-^ tKnt df»ffjna^>nt th^m at*t«4 in th« lS»arliig of ««ia 
ffitnosauja thnt be tii-'mght li« hftH tke right ef «»7 fe^feeaso lut was 
tx«T«!l.lng SB s siffoet CJ:»R??8ai« «*ir<anu«) liAiioh ^ai » atroet Oar liiw 
Uff*a it ^fld X'k'^t $tJM»^?'i«« !ho w*>ul«l fean^ atoppod lais '^ut«i«i»Ml<» fetad 
Itt tfe* S»sJj saT fftte In front of feim. *?« rsfsy^ tJils jxalw<3s-d 
t«&ti'at(iii7' t;a te«4lnu t<i «l»otf «>« »,d«l«iflon of <l«faw4-5*nt, aono«r»lBs 
a xfftisr iy. ^i^pat*. whlefe should Hovo i?«tii slloisisd in :9visie»e«, 
(glfty^ y. giU^. P' 111* **P- *0«J m^^JfJtmsi, m 111, 4«6, 500.) 

CanslslBt ie Mra« of otlMr alloge^i trrore of tlue eotirt 
during ^« trif^l, v/o iriii set dleeus^ tli«j£. If ©rrors t^or® 
wre, thtty er«« not liltsly to o«o«r on aaothigr trial. 

for th0 ro/^BOtse indtcat9<S the Judgw^nt of tbe i-iip«rio» 
•saurt Jr r^ir«r««d fea4 tho c^ittoo io r4i»feTsd»d for » u.syr tri&l. 

Himi^sKB Aim nM/^s.s», 

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City of Chieo^o, AL F ♦/ s<,?siiAU , \ coor actT?TT. 

City Cr>li-:eter, (a«4 ^jfiOAH A. GCLLIHS, ) - 

Riwl, respoBdent** «leetljig to at».M Isgr tfeeslp de»iijur7«fr, the eourt 
ordered %he> writ, eo«;. binding th*m *t© f©rtliifflf i«im« a retail 
\i^r^r»4s* (ie«d$r*s l.ie«ms«» Slase a, to Jtmid I'hillp .f«i.vl.ie.* tttim 
ttpp«ia f«iio«««t. fh« ir«X«%©3r h^» m>% fil«4 ftdiy >jyl«f In thi« 

?teft i»etitian «IXag9» ih»% reXtitor Is «atd hQ«^« )>«eji a 
r$:@i(i9n'l &t V'(3 (Rin^ «ind i» tto O'sm^^r of $>r««l»oe knoim ae Ito. 
3<^0 aouth ^11>«my »-f«Tm«, OhlOf^iso; th;^t h« ia & p«re«n of good 
is«ral «he.r(»ot<er and e|i^oy« sael* p«fatRtl©w in tfe* «e»s^nity l» 
^iMeh h» litr«»} ftnd tbat lae ^e atirQr be«n oonvletttd of feaoitjr or 
ida4«mfiuaoy» <3nd l&as n^f^^r Im^h rnxw^ntd to court la « eriminiil 
fraoeediBg. e«rtsin «rdin«80«s« of Mm City, "tSj;, numbered 
tie«tl<»a« 9f t!ui 2£aiiiQl]^ml Code, nvm th^n aet forth uu htitne in 
@ff@ot. la aeetion 34*4 » "retail Iwireraig© dealer** i» 4p fined; 
IJI ;&4d9 proriaion i« jks^« for » liceinm for aaeh «i3 d»«tlor« lund 
la .3406 «i dl(U»&ifie»,tioa of «aofe dealer* 1» aede, (;x«o« A «cid 
CX«^e S, «ad tile ^aemnt of tlui lipase fo« for e»<sli olcuis ctctt^d* 
^«@tio» 34$? states la piurti 






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-2« 

"Any pwraon, * • desiring to an^ftge in Urn busln*H» 
of » r«tall baY«r«ig« dOKXnr* ea <l«f inset In thi» frtlclc, 
ohail 3ifl.k« «n MppliO'^tion in vtrlttn- for a IictcnfK« «o to 
do ^fhinh Bhall oeafora to the g<i>n«r«il rcnuirvawnto rc>X;>tineE 
to &|>|)Ilo«>tionn tor lic«nneB« -ueh i^ppliontion slioll aXoO 
stot« the Xenitth of tiiae lh>t Sftid Bp"lio«int, if nn 
ladlTidunl, h^e ri^^ldtd in the Cltjr. his :iplt>QO of prrTiouo 
omployisen t « whether married or eingi«t« whf»th«r he has «v«r 
be«B eonTieted of f<^lony or miedoaesmor, «ib4 »'heth<<«r he h&c 
1i««>s «tan»ioned to court 5.n a arialBol proeoedln^, which 
»t«te««nt «h»ll b« «ignod nnd ^c-sum to 1^ the appJLieant 
ft»cl fii«»d with the Qity oollsetor tM » t>em«nent record. 
thm CXty ColUQtor eh&l^ forward th* cppliontioa to the 
yuperlntfnd^nt of lOiloe for IdToetlg^^tion* * • who, if 
ottoh imreatigj tiOB proTOs entisf ?fetoxy« shftll indorse hio 
recoji63r.fen<jf:tion thar«>on AUd forward oaaw to the city 
C»Xlci<$t*3r« * * » 

It is farther ftlloged thitt petition wppiled to tho City 
CXork Mid City Coli.«etor /or the ie^manee of m lie«»niso, and tond«n»4 
tho enetoaAry f««, isnd »Bid two offioifels, toother with said Jifayar 
and <iiap«irint«rndf«t of Police of nr,t'i Oity, refuseti the «ppllQ».tion« 
*s eopy of ^iMoh is ready to b» predue«d in CSourt,* «n;J refuoed to 
iostto s Xioenae; that p«tiiioB«r "hne eoapXied vith slXI Xai?»i an4 
orainanoes reX&ting to h^^Xth, safely, sanitation, Xoeition or 
oth«rviu@, repjXjsting the ss-id haoiBeiBis;* thnt the action of ftfld 
^perintvn'Sent of PoXioo, in roeoiaEne«Bding tlie reftio«*.X of a&id Xicense, 
■1» «H^tt and lXX@s&Xs* find th* t the station of 8*1^ Inyor, in r«« 
fttsing o&id li^enso, "Is arMtrary, wrongfuX and Hthout Xegaj. eattBO." 

#0 think the ooart (»vr^^ ia overruXlag roopondents* 
4«pnurrer to the petition m»A in entering the order »pf)«»^«d fr«w« 
It i» «r«XX oi^ttXed th^t ft writ of nondaaao BhoaXd only 'be swairied 
in OH^ee wiwsr® the p«rtgr «Pi'>lying for it ehonre a elecr right to 
It, a»d It eXe&r XegoX auty on the p»rt of the reflpoadent to porfona 
tJte »«t »oui^t t« to«j enforeed. i^eop Xe t, ^«.si> . S4© 1X1, XI, X6; 
geopXe Y. City of Chi08«o , 38© IXX. SI'g, S«e,) It le O'^ualXy weXX 
•otUcd th®t the petition for the writ aast eta to facte sad n«t the 
aere oonoXuaionsof th« pXeiider. ( City of Shio^;0 t« }eopXf . 2Xe 
1X1. ©4, 6Sj PfOEle Y. Btte»o . :?48 1X1. IX, X7.) It wliX ho 

Botioed that eona of the aate^piea ftXXegationo of tlio present 






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Ipetition eontslii •t^stenvnts of m«r« eonolnslenc, r^ttaftr than facts 

froB f^iieih theet eeneluRi«>nB mmy \» dr««n« F«rth9rm»9>«« th« 

spplientioB for t>^« llcenre desired ia not sat forth in tho 

petition, 90 tt«tt it cSftoo not ?'T>"«9r on the fso* of tho petition 

vhetb.er tho «p?llc»;tion contfaic^A tritlj *11 the rocrwirtiBerte »«n- 

tiened in the ordinsnco. Petitioner »bowi4 h^rv *ith«r ««t out tho 

«ppli«?Etion jr. hy*o, ypx^r or s»hould H»y« Bhowrty hy «ii(itlnet and 

had 
S|>oeifie RTPrsientfl, thet itj/oo»plied with «ai of tho roquircawento. 

( PoopXg T« Yill&gc of Oro t t y;. 93 111. im, 169.) 

Tho ,iud«®e?it of tho Superior <iourt is roTorood* 

Bftm«e» :, J,, pjR« Fitch* J,, cenmr* 



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WIJJulAM B, B>.T5:4, Mayer ©f iilw J 

City of chisfct4go»' AL. p. cmnjiS, ] .cook, ccsstt, 

city ci«rk, 5J«5«^;^ P. KJygra, ) 

city c«li«ctor, miS. mfmpi A. } 

c^JLLISS, ^ferlnVn<l'^ny'95f l^oli<»«» [ /v. /t> 

m* m&ft& tiiiBMT r>®i.i¥2!4Hi> tm ©FiwioK «f fi?.^ ommt. 

TKl« lai H sandaawa proe««dtiis wli«rf!«lB tJi* r**X»%9T 
sought to eomiiel resiiond^ifitit to i.»^<^ t§ hijK & retsll btTemi;* 
(l9aX«r*B lle9ne« f«r the ^r«»ad»«e lf»eat«d ^t 430$ i^shinM A-vem*, 
Cfele^^o. ?« th« s>stiti»fi ir«a|«»4ent« fil«<i «5. gutn^Tul SefBurrwr 
wlileh «tt« 9v«frr«l«4 fey the <»@tirt« Th«y el^-et**! t© stfAjti^ lay their 
d«aarr€'r, arfe«reap«ji tk« eowrt er4«re«^, th* writ ta iiis;u« s%b» 

the petition aentmlne 4m1»i»t^Jiti»ll.y th^ ntms laveris^iits 
«» th««« in th.« s&tltion at tJie relf«tl«« «f Philip i'ftTlic, soa* 
o«raing i*dbloh tbe sstM« pr9e«^r« »«i% fnHlO'we^ »ii4 » aimil&r •r4l£>r 
gr®nti«g the larrit *»» ent«TP«d. In tb.e ®tinl«B in th« Feviic c&&«, 
K©* 3C5S3, tM» day filed, ^ heid in im%»t?mce thst tto« petition 
4id iifti 8t«t« @u«h ft <3£iee «.» iiriurr.'^t«rd t^fi ie^'^i^.ae® of ^«! writ, 
and tk&t holding is «|>pXio&%Xft to tho presc^nt oi«.Be* 

for tl&e r«H«M>ns «'itn.t@<i la a»lA opinion in tta« .| ;aT]^c 
o&«o thtt ^d^Bent of titt ^poflor oourt in tho present e»m nuot 
lie f«Y«i*«ftfi p««i it ie to or^«r«di. 



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B0ULIYA«5» at ATE aAn»0§*TIA!IK, 

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On yelftmaiy €, 1923» pl«ti»tiff , a,n Illinois ■5erp»r«ti0R, 
commnc^td en actloo in tn»v«r tg^^inel tii« ^^^jfewf^^jit bsnk for 
d»Btfm«e f«r the wnln-wfal convArsion df o«ytfti» iist«e «it ««>iitre.6t8» 
0f tlM -vsiluo 9f $S0«OOOa sn4 of whloh nXsintiff «iI)6)iaM»d to 1»« tlw 
oim«r. /\ttaoh»d t« tlus <l«el«iria.tl«a «a« an it«aiige4 list of tin* 
BOUa or soatTROta. The ^nmU til9€ & i»l«a of not gailty. k trl^l 
wfeo had Iftufore » ,1wry in Mny, 10^5, terlBg i!i3iio]si flB.letiff intro- 
daeod c^Rslderable «Yi4@«e«, oral and d«eam«ntsyy. At th« oon* 
eltisioa of its «videBc« tfeo e««rt, ove^p eK^ectioii, instructed tNo 
|ttry to y^stjim a vey<iiei for the aef«ii*3j«it ^snk, :^ollowifi|>: eooli 
▼«rdiot ^ttdgm®nt w^e «ntey{?d ajg«ilnat plaintiff fo? <3oet» and tills 
ftyiH^Kl follovod. The main 6ont«^ntlon of Its coana»el is that the 
trial eourt orred in so insti*«etin# tk9 $ViTy, »nd ths^t tb« .lud^Bont 
•txould IMS rer^rood arid tlae e«ii»3« re«smd«.i for « now tritil. 

Plaintiff, h«roin?ift«r referred to m& tb« Co«pany » 
■uMRifcietarvd sind sold pi^jeioe, phonogrKplto 6nd aec(!»»eorioo* « rIoo 
wer« aiacse in p»rt throBgh a«ente under oonei^iwe^nt contracts. Ow 
fo^ruary 16, 1921, tfao eoBpisny entored into ottols a contr««t, llnltod 
to pionoa, wltli on« ^rod 3, Jooro, tiwn doing l>aain«ss undtfr tht 
no»o of toe ^yei j»^sie ufeop *t 4G01 laeten &Te«mo, Chios*?*. It lo 
in tte fera of 8 lotter or f^ropositlon aign^d \ry him and addresood 
to the Ce»psmy, »ad it hoars thereon the Coajp/sny'o "tTltten Aooe^t* 
onoo. It otatoo that, in oonsider&tion of the C&Mp&ayH preststioo 



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MKl under te^kXn^s ena his right to voll lia i»iK»er^, Jttor* will 
tn]r« plcunos "•» cenaigtment for snlA In 4001 ^^Iston ftTenua , 
Chiee^o, «^nd vl(9inlt(|r> rpon the following eondliiana:* Th«n 
follow th« tersa and eonditlans in l;s «<«pnr«ie p^rf^rApha, aotta 
of «»hiQh &r« in eubBt»ne«: (1) That Joera la t» Ifisold a«ioh planoo 
aa »r« fumiahid hln hy th« C^Brpany n» *!%^«nt »nd bftilac on oon« 
@ig»n»Rt until sold* • cruab «i;4e halng approved and aeoept«d hy 
it • *or until rolam»d* to Itj and the»t ^oars will hasp oil 
pianoa inasr^d for Ita benefit* m% no esrpensQ to it, • tha polieiaa 
^ing pi^ysihla to it in sasa of Xgibu, {2) fha-i on «11 ;< b. »»^ g^lt^a, 
«to«ra ifl to ittfflcdiatcly r«ttit to tho eoMpsi^ in cm&h the "ooneign- 
flsaat ▼stltia'* of the inatnu&imt* 1&»& ei^ioh di exeunt s,» augf t»n a^'i^^d 
upon; thjit on oil SS^l-JiiSM ^^^^^ ,7»*r«s ®«y retain tk« firat o^sh 
ptrsnoent^ Imt not fi.xoeeding' t}%e ^omisf^nssvtion a.lio-««d hift for K-^lrini; 
ttet »el«» Bsjid h,« »s|jro«8 to *sm4©r0« mid tr&Befcr* to tkt e^wf-pwy 
•».ll i«»t©8, eoBtr@,ets or l«a-»«s** and he gaa-r^ntoee th« peym.-jnt of 
%h^ nm^l that* if default io sbs4« in the pajoieaat of 8--^i4 not«o» 
«t«.» eo ?M*>r8!»to«d# or if the eoBtfj^aaEy doe© not ap;pr#v« «f or 
eoe^pt th<? 8fele, Jo«ra «gr««8, upon the oo«ifnny*« 4ejB«nd, to obtoin 
%3Mi rti^ a »fl a t<iioB of tho insstruH^fnt* wltiumt ftxp#ni?«i> to it« or t9 
allow th« otrnpsiny to oht«in g«ch r(»poa»©»Bi©n »t hi a exptfua*; that* 
ia e«sa of f«&llar« to ronAin poaatssion* Joera ®gr«e» to ljam<'"!lnt«iy 
pay to tho eem^BX^ th® oonaigraaeat valna of tim instruia-snt in 
e^s-sh, e«d further gigroas ^at angr ind«^bted«oe» df hla to *h% 
s»»f«twy »h»ll ht » first lien on oil ooIXirUtrI drpofeltad with 
it* AS e«'<«mrlty for s^eh ind6btedii«»»; Mad th^t ^o^rs "herabgr ' 
RRoisas" to the ooapai^ sill hin ri|{ht» titla and intorewt in 
*in»l %» aay ^«d all of tJiiO oollatera.! ao eii4orae5«i5; £tnd ■sJ^^oait'^d 
with lt» *»r plaood to 1^ oollmtersl credit,*' 80 ass to eoouro 
tho eoaafioay *Huttil «yavy tri»n»@iOtion »«d« by yirtae of thia oon« 
traet h®* boon fully coeplated and s^tlafied;* »»d t^i^tt ^oero 



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x-^-'^'mH sM Ilia -^mirx- 

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•3* 

oth^rr groec edg ef aueh gRlco,** without the ooBpnny'e conaent. 

(4) That "All proQe«d« «f suoh •^•«a'* ln<^Iudlng nil net*** 
eontrsate, leeites, aortiEngca or oth«r ««>«uritlc*, "ehrill beloni^ 
t« ««d title th«r«t« mhaXl Test* in th« ooBip»it;r *»a nelo pimeag 
qf »ttoh proo«^ dif <*" eoneuBuaation of «ueh sales;* «nd Jo«ro ir;grneo 
*to ke«p the ppoQ««da of all mxleis or leaeos of all Int'tmBenta 
sjsd properly eonaigaed her«Qnd«r e«pArinit« nnd apart from ethor 
monttya* ieasoa or papera* »« the ooapsny** " oyolaaiTe proparty a 
so th&t tho Baa© e»n be at all tiaMJs proporly id«ntlfiod;" and 
*»11 notes, contrKOta* lei^aoa end «th«T aecuritioe rtie.ftiv*^ freai 
or takan in the »al« of enid goods »h?ill b« nade pnyable to you 
(th« oompany) and !>« nubj^at to your tjpproval j^nd ftCireptMnce.* 

(5) Xfi thlo pe^f^g;raph ie ispf>cifl#d the manner of dete^nnining tlie 
ammmt of tho conpem@ tlen «hi<^ Joera la to 1m» «J>Xow«d. (0) 
Soroin Joera agroea t>e d«?liY«!r to the eovpi^i]^, on its dusuend* all 
notsa, eontraote and leaeoa* «toich it has not sp«oifle?lly r«* 
l«&»«d to hin under tliia oontvaett and whieh msy b« in hia poaaooaiOB 
or oontrol. (11} Hertin It i» sgirood thet tha »«earlti«» t^en Ify 
jre$ra ahoill 1m> in i^eh forai as to maku) then first lleniB, nnd "io 

bo on blanlca f^mi^hed* Iqr the efiOBpany; end th'-^t, la ex^ea any of 
oaeh Bc^ritiea mr« taken An jfoera* . .^ , fe« ffi,a 'the aaae shall bo 
Immediatoly amlorsed or aasigned to yo« ( tho Conp^f^r) In s?ritin« 
without r^a^rva;" and th»t the t»3Eiag of «aoh ascttritlea in So erw p,0f^ 
*8hall net ^ d«9»ad a nodif lection '>f this eontrfeot or a wairer 
•f ox^ right « title or inteF«8t rtftainod Iqr or saourod to you 
{tho Coan^any) hereunder.* Attached to iii» eontraet and aado a 
part thereof ia a o^rtain aehedule as to teraa and ooassdoaiona. 
Bef inning ^ehre^ry 16, IflSl, Jot^ra operated under tho 
oontraei in r<;$eeiving on oonsignaant and selling planoa aicnofaoturod 
legr the Coi^imy. On !><seea1»er 2, 1921a a elall^ir eontraot was entered 
into and s»ste^ u|>on ets to phonoffrephs, and on Jiawisry 10 » 19?.2* a 
second ogetr^Qt &» i» pianos waa ex«t^€aat«d« • su>etanti^lly identieel 



**i4^» «ittt1,- ;f •K»IP» INe» »^«*!:-»--'- '■'■'■ " '-»s:^*s»»<»«j^ ^m'siuss^^'s y^%-:^iim^ ©»« 
'■»' Iff las'?'--.'' 

,;■-,■•:..-;■■,:...;,■" M »*i^i;tr-ai»*« laais?^ i» ssii^j^'-'.^ ms ';^m^: 
■■^^^> •• utvi-^^lasa^w «»«*«»lt s««Jfe-i''' ■■■■■■ **.«siaifsa4U»if<s«» .s*.- 



vitli th« first «xeept ua Qhont^uA in th« noh«dul« an te X^rmm 
&nd eoB<t^i8sl«ns» «or« llb«r«d to JTOttrt. Und«r yi«8« oontract* 
the Cvrnpfittf trem tl«« to time fihipp«4 te Jn«r« ti large nuKb«r 
•f pianoe unA phnnogrnphtt, (llr«ot fron Its f- ctorjr At integer » 
JlXlnol&t the <)rayBt«n, upon UliY^ry ttf th«t «fji« te Jeere t<t 
hie place ef ^eineee^ tnklng his rt^oelpis therefor* He after- 
werde siild th« in&tru»««nt»« thuts <}onsl<rii«4 wnd dellTered, t* 
Tarlevie piiTQhas«rs« esid, where mny pt^menta tber@fttr were deferred* 
took fr<M& them netee or eoetrmcte (eir4Xi;r te the enetr eued ttpen)» • 
«JL1 en hXft^ ferae fumieh^d Isjr tho C<t«p&ny* jf'£oh ef th«!> »ot«B or 
eontTAdie w&e dated Nad firet oontalBed th« proai»e ef the «u1i- 
eerlt»er ''to pey to the order of f • 3, ^oers" m 6paelfl«d «tm ef 
iM>a«y r.t his Chle^^ge offla« • r» oert^dm ^iwoitnt do'mn and e oertaia 
MMOBt per iBOBth sil^ $i Intvrest until p«dld. ?hen felloved stctte** 
i«eate th^^t the eon»ld<^rf^tieii for the p^ynent of s@J.d i^eunte ie the 
«iare«5a»eMt of ?jt,Jix.jSME£. *• s«H ««^ d«ilT«t to the euheoriher im 
iBstruseHt (deeeriJing it, - ^ piano or phftnogr^ph, ns? the okso 
ni^t h@); thfit th® n^m» ahdtild **ireffi8fein the ^rep»rty of s^Jld y. J. 
Jeere" until uXX of eaid pn^is^iitfl should be ns^de 1b full; thnt ia 
eeee the subeoriher aaltea drfswlt in eny payment, or »hmlX sell, 
ftsslga or r«»ove or in aaqr way diepoee of 1*i« int>tTO®<^at without 
the written consent of Jeere or hl.e tkBuit^ t^^^, or if ^To^re, or hit 
eesigna, ehall feel unsitfe or ineeeure* ecuid eubeerlber shfill de« 
llrer b»elt the InatnaBent on de«an<4 to 3Q9Wu or hie ©.©©ijgns, ©r 
he or they ^hall httv<s th* rl|^t to take iKTafidlate ponsespion there- 
of; th»t« la ea»e he or they ehell r^^teke poseeeeion »li aMneys 
paid on tl» ■pAT^mn^ prie© thereof oh&ll belong to him or th«s »« 
liquidated d^mssg«e« ^te., or, either h« or they aaj »^t their option 
enforoe the p@;^.0nt ond eolleetion of ei«eh end i^ll of 8»id smounto 
&&4. interest; thiit in e»ii^e the eubsoriber p^ye e^eh end oil of e»id 
ameunte the full e^nd eoaqtlete title of the in'i'truAeBt »h<ill peea to 
am& iroei ia the o«beerlb«r; isad tfet tho subsoriber ssroeo to la- 



- ^int: 



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, Ir* t<! 



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«s_M»w«!»,* •■ ^jffc^kfif^jii ^fi:-* ."» .■' ^*»V 



Hi^'^- 



:;'3>S'« 



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'tJt'J'S • 



:i,j'(?» "f'¥*T-, 



»Y''?^^ 



»to,ti (■ 



•f.« 



sur« Xb» Instrument in ts.r»T of ^o<^yn kb hi» li)ii«r««t miqr «:^p«Br« 
T>J* if tln^ of t^dM iwtf a or 5ontr&ct» in Joay ' naa« w»a in 
&c«drd44no» with tbe provision eontninect in Uw 11 th 9«^r«^«rhp|l* 
e'boTc Mentioned, «f tho aonaigiawnt oontr»ot iMiiveon ihc Compuiv 
«iad Joera. 

f^ ttTia«no« further diselooas ihi«t, na to ooa* of tho 
setae «r eontraota taken hy Joero fro» bi» cuotomero, h« <Sid not 
cnwply Kith til* iJthtr provision of oaid litfe parf^rjii^. of?;;sald 
eonelgnaient contTfOt (ris, thi*t, »awre ouala 0U!^t08»ra* notoa or 
oontr&ctfc "*«r< taken In Jocro * noMt* he would iias^diRteiy «ndoroo 
g»<^ *^^#Aim *^« •f'a« without resorvi to the CoMoanv ): th^t ho, no 
tt/^riy iiij April, 19i-Jl, faftvlae » eh^ohlng account with d??feBd«iit 
bank «hieh was ioaated b short diatenoo froai hit* snoio shop, «n- 
doraed &nd delirored o08M» of tlieao ouBtoascro* notes .'*nd oontr&cto 
to viie bank oa w>llater&l s^ssuritjr for <& personal loan to h4», »o 
evlde«oe4 by hio 3u«d«y laott pifiyiafelc to th« b«»k; thj»t these notoe 
en«i oontraote wero enOorood "itosral Muslo i^hop 1^ I?, j, Joero* ond 
*f. a» Jocro;* that oi44 3C-ai*y person©.! note wea renowod from tiaw 
to tiao «m4 othor Bimll&r note© given, oecurod hy siinilar oollst^rRl, 
•Sd from ti»o to ti«» the co Hater «d wso changed ana dope oi tod in 
11 «u of thst 'sithcLrswn; th©t ^©«ro oe&aed deine: lmeinso@ «?>rly in 
SOTcasbor, i»gH, ond ^leappojuredj thf*t s*t th« tiwo of his di»«spp«ttr« 
•noo ho o»«d th« h&siM. #6,000 on hie 2<?«day persenel noto, ctatod 
Ootohsr 31, 1923, whioh w»t8 Gollot«rally &o<mr<s<i Ity oertain of said 
not«& and contTiOto {or copies thereof), eo ondoraed »nd d«iliv«r($i$ 
t* th« Ijsmk and having » f»o« v«lue of approxirafttely $19,000; thot 
«1»tti tho tiiM of Joers* tiiB&piJoarsjaee Mr. *«rd»inslEl (plaintiff 'o 
vitnosa find eashler of tho df»fena#-«t henkj cheeked over tmA muA0 
«a inT®i.tigf^tioB as to tho ooUat«rftl deposited with tho b^iBkj 
that it ^uii a«oert&4Bod thfet ^o^^ro h»a ntRdo oopies of oo«e of tho 
witoe or oontr&ets tsSwn fr©» his ottstomoro, haid forgod tho »uh« 
•djrihoro' n^sms on the oopies, had endoraou ^and delivered 



ti.% '■ "^ - 



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i;^«^ 



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ar 0<»nir»ote to ih«» Cntspuxij, Or had «iirj«r«#<i. and «i«IiT«!r«d soat 
Of the g«»miln«t matee or oentv^otd to tlw tiaixltf giving th« foriced, 

@dpl4^o t0 the C<»«j»ai^-j ^;?t it wn& fairtifeftr a80«rt?ii»«<S tjw\t «t 

%\m fA notf^Si or eontvaets m^oh Vtm l^ank h4s4 in i%a |w»ti««ei<iiB« 
28 i»«3p« arigjria&ls «*»«* g«atti««, jiiiKS a© i?f»l3i?.t?lj- fi>rged. eopt«jB,, and^ 
»8 tA tiJiS rs»aininf IS, it w&ia nm^ertmin mhe\3mr th« Imnk h«14 
tluit erigis&l@ or Hi® f«i^t4 e$pi@»; th«it islMmt thia tixm the Cc^n^tbT^ 
»i.if« m{».4# &n iwr«i»ti^»tl«ii &« t« tli<» et^ta of it» B.eo«itiim%s with 
^••r«, «»4 for thi6 firet time X©Hrft«^ of %h» ©fif.lor»»»tnt «id deJiT^ry 
«*f »o»» of tfecr nol®® or ooiitrsi«t« of ^««3?»* «a(»toatrB to tfa« 1»«!jsk; 
that darinij SovtJtfbet an4 Bs««Kbfer, iftR, *«» 5r«|Hpes®ntEtiT«a «f tijo 
Qnmpsmy Q»l%e^ at tli« biaak, tod t»« i»t«=^rvl««« ^tfe w«rd*iii«lcl, »»t 
<l#m»84.«4 ^^t th« IsBSle murrende-T to ^« C«)xs^«(K)7 ^^ ^^ «%i<l »oteii 
py eoatyaetu in ii» fosseaeioBS a9«i th^t tfe.« Ta«»ak rg-ffe»«<S tke desiand, 
Tsttt oXloisedS 8&ig SP«fr«fe^«tatlih»« to efeeoU oitwjp ^«^ Bdt«i8 ©r ©««• 
tr©«ta in ito p»8se»B0i©«. Milton !• Ilell«tt, obo of t&.® Coiap?sRy*» 
reir®)s«lit»tlv»8 'sii® or^llo^ ut 13t« l»«!il^» t#atified -Uis^t dttri»;g tho 
first liit^^riflow with w«iir4j5iRski is l«s-sr«ffih*?r, 1023, s^ar4s5iR®lci (who 
*»«a ooB^et#d laost'of HMt ibi«oin«ee treaeaetione istei^h *r»fty» hact h^S^ 
with tho ]»«ji]£) w».e asked if fee di« UOt !»«!*', «*«r( Jo«r» hss^ «i»<loreedi 
an«i ^ssXir%T%4 to th« h;>sKik th« ncttoe; or <^ntr#istfi in ^it«t«tioa m« 
c©li.»t«rAl «4J<^rity for lotra* :^«r«©»®l arat^is to the fe»iik» tfe«it tlm 
©lygit «per«* «eoil®t«r»l ce«tr>acts, covf/rlmig piftHfts OK»ed hy ^ff C^aBp^Tgr 
and wki«^ hmd h«®n «8a»ign«A to joero «nd«r ««a»l|pa««mt eowtr»ct« 
h@ti«®«]i hi& «:ii4 th« Cestp-ixfiy, Knd; th%t tho hmnk '^hoA so l^tsinoss 
»se€|>ti»g %hm eoRtr®ot» &a eollskterel a^ettrityj* ««d thot WmrdsiBBki 
»oiiJ.i«4j •«»il, %ihn% nhemi, it; smffsoBo 1 iid know m^thizig ohoot 
eoB»i«paw»nt eoa^ast&s that hmu BOtbiag to ae idth the eibi@«; thio 
aan forwarded «ii®&« eoii.t3Pa«t« here t^ m»» e«d, wheth<9r I knew they 
■mx^a «oaBigT3»®iito or aot 4ooaii*t n«Jce ««y d,iff#reaoej ws wccoptoA 
tho ©OB tracts h«iC^m»e lito^er & ^oao* yi^mo •»«« not on the oentraet; 






^m 






i£fi% a#s- 



J? si 



fe©a"s«'- 



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- :;^5t^-t ?jt* #-fi 



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s»(^,4i»«' 



. 55rviij|iM)35JtlSiS;d;i «' 



«« eee«x>ted then ne oellst^reX nocnarlty Vea««s« im iuui Vt«B doing 
lHi3iB«a« vlth this Mm** 

Coi3XiB«l for tile ^ank b«r« ogmt«nd[ tlint ill* eontrtAOi 
l)st9?«t« tho CoHipawy end Jo«re ®f fsljrwnry If, l^.**!, «»»<< th« «ttl»- 

from eeneicnm'^nt oontTKOto, Aftav « «»j?«'fittl r«f»di»f «f tto«^ii «« 
sr« wni9it>l» to a|!T««. In tJftt ▼<?ry f4r»t llnsFH it is i»t»t«d tli»t 
JoerB iBlll tak« th« i^iemos or i»fe©«i0«y«j»h» •©« ceni«lgiiBwnt for 
aale" wfon tls« t«TRfl ancl cftii4iti©nts therelBnft«r iwnttoiiP'SS ftiwS 
ir. tlw Xst ef tk« 13 pi»r«ir rei^hs , outlinini? thene t«rafl rfia^ ooii» 
ditioi}e« it is fiit»tc4 th&i jro€'r« is to lto3L^ imeh ipliuios or i»)&eiie» 
grepto* ns i;.r# fuxisi ^)i<:'d bin Iqr tfeo CompEt]^ •«» e|5;e]Bt »iid heileo 
■0» eonfi|.7»»«<nt «ntil eoldj* s-^ful we think tii»t th« ■pwtlrs eftjitrnet 
die&loe«@ thtit it w«e not tlie iiitf>«tl»« of tli« p«rtl<»f? tliat ihert 
s?*R to be e , ^»1,!S ©f tlif(? pii^aos, ©to, to ^o«r»: (So» Mil ^« 

a@rjElita» 3«*3 li'A. «^J li:e,-^LJ!:A_^fiM.J|Mil^«££» . ^^ iii» ai»i>» eisj 
PX«o t ▼. n®Tt^ M ^X Jll. S94.) A»4, 111 cmr o]?inlen, th® ^^Xirfsvf of 
tlwm to jTeors uisd^y tho comiafftete di4 not eXothe Mm ^%h tht in^ioia 

ef «w«©r»biii ther?:Of, '*eX»tHi!B^ »n®th«r person -"fith the indicia of 

^wn^rmhip <!»©«» aot »«»e?i »li8|Jl3' fi'rin^ l>o«eo«!»ioii of s cteattftl, 

fOOSeOBiOR of « fitontt^l i« ©WO of t)i« tn4i«ntio»8 of title* >«ttt 

|M»8»efl9l0n JBsy li« €lelivsr«d '^jr tho ownfjr to m hnilm^, »» ajgeat pr a 

eerTaist, «th« tfe« 9»»o |>o«se«»sion of ® «^ntt«l, if tJfeffre le no otlnarr 

tpvidrnoo of proporty g-tvon fey tli« owner* will not ©fjs:"felo tho 

possfSBor to giT« e, ge-isfi titlo.* ( gyain t* hm Qn'^wm^ u-tis.t«» Btanlc . 

SO.?' Ill, 8SC', S3«j pieror-aillwtt Co, t. 3L0p;^. ?/i8 III, 43S. 45R.) 

la tlio jD'y^jyi cmeo (p. »3S) it ie i««i<5,: 

•It is B, e^nersl* woll rstsVli^hod principle thet no 
ome enB tranofor a b«:tt«r title iMmn he hit&o, Ko i^ertioa cioi 
^ Jiio eelo trcnsfr.j? te Rwot^sfrr th? rifrfet of ov^f-rehip in « 
tIMixig ia «^eh 1m h&M isot tl%«* right of |»ro^rtyt «x^o«pt in 
th»5 er^ao of otii^ht timik Mllr, eh®ck© pnd »ot«e peyrM** to 
be4sr«3p or transferrssliio ^y dt?liv«ry in the ordinary courr-o 
of %KiBin«&s to «s person talcing th^ c-ja© bowfi f^«l,^ f>Md payiDiE 
valtto for it, * * Tho parehps«r of property «rroBg fully taken 
1^ Ms irond«r fro» the tree ovm^r e@>B olat&in no ni^rt^ perf«ot 
titl«) to the property ptireh«.»««d than ma -rt^ndor himoell' 



mmmi' mm m mtm^tt^'f' 



■' M maf". 



*;f-<^%fa 






lii :, .; - , ^yi ;■»'-» !-:v;t- ■:,<?.■■. -Kti , i- , . , , 






l»oaB«86fld, au^l nn Umne^nt ^rahr^e^r vithfout iMtio« 9t m 
wr<»ii8fttl taking ««iii BOtmlre no lr><^ttc>r title ta |>rtip«rty 
th*» hi^i v-''n.'\er )i*u'. * « fhlX« th.^t la tr««, t»n potappel 
jBajr i»pisr&ie KgainBt ike person oltrtiKin^; ^Aiut would e^cr- 
*lae >}(» thjR >i5ttffr title, nd thirj Is ba5«<4 uiv»n .^onauot 
0f th« tTu« ewBer \fy ivhlcth he allevs F<not)i«i- %« »pprAT ; r 
tlv* o»^n«y ijf or hsyinit fvill wj'S'T' ftf ditipneltion «▼«? 
properly, »o that «n tnn©o«>nt third peraon is l<i?d lot© 
d'scUlfM;^: "Ith fits "tppfirfsrst 0wn#r, ths fts5toj>p«l doey iM»i 
4«p«ii(t upoa v4i<^r« th« «te^{»l titXff la, but r«»te upon 1^« 
not Of Ih?.- rfnl own'^r, ••=*hi<!ih -pr-** -..iladf^ 5 hi* Triiitt fJi:-']gfutlng 
th« «xli!iteno«r «f s titl« which h« h»H«i emtsed or allowsd 
to 9.ppfi.r to ^c T^at*?'! in ftKrttJiei*,* 

In ih-? mttrffyySil igfi^ 0-ao«, misr% . (p. 434) It in calA; 

*1« ordfejr t© i^iir© riu? ta rh *»»to«»|M»l« how*Ti^r, It 1» «f»»©Titl5kl 
tfe*t t"H« p®.rty itato^fs^ sifcal.\ haT© ma<te ^ act or Ksord » 
rtprceentp-tiea, tmA thsst the j^raow setting tif tha e»st«fpel iOutll 
haYQ &ct«A on the feith of thio yepr«o«nitf^tlo» la sttch e wny that 
he cannot vlthiittt Aim^^e ri t3s4T*?»* from t-ho tronsH a tloa.* 

The 0tlsJene« tntro<S«««!?J *y the Q^m^nnj in th^ pr*»««jit 
6%«« sahfOWf tfe.'>t, wJtil* ^a«yo di4 riot liBi^T©p^rl>' sell «? attess^t 
to aoll <my of ^.h.^ »j<»T««l|ia«4 f»i«.n,«j«, *»tc., t«. 1^«f l^oslc, «uitvi -fdnilo 
ho, in *5}<JOs?^rtno« «»ith tha eontsigtcs-aut =5«n %«■?*«! to, ild piroj^erl^ o«ll 
th«i aoa3i.j,n«'J gofldn to tko e^t^ftoia^rs, r«<l*-'i villi »«%«» ©» (?»iitr<^«to 
Troot ^h«n'; ia part payaaost *>f th<^ go«)4«i &s ho «»>*« »«thorl»«dl to diOt 
y^n ha, iaprs^trly mi in Hol^tlon of the torwo of ih« o*insvl*/iMs»iit 
contracts, ©n4or««(l aasd Ae-liirerfffl aobio of w^ld fniJ^tORsrs* notos 
or cantrsets to thw %!^jile, ?»..i8 cftlintfMfal s^iwirlty for hi« o«n |)«*rs*»ii«l 
aote for Bsonty Iwryew**!, ffoa th* h»nk, lii»t«ed of IwK^^'Jll^toly ««- 
doarol)^ <»nd ?.-sslgi«lBf «»al4 <m<?to«pr»» notos to th^ Coa|>aw^-, ao Ho 
hafl agretxS to do* He eeassltt^d r fr-itt-i «i<^r the Coapasjy, Ho 
i»* i»t the tru^ di«a«r of «>nlA m^%<m'»r9* ivoteo or oon^so-to, «i3d« 
»ot hftvlag Xa.wfttl iltle thor«to, he ^jowld stot giiro good tlllo to 
the fet^nk. As to the ^laastiOB, wh«thor WM(l«r tho oTi^leaoo tho 
Qnmp^ny ^ it* neto an A eon^i Ot was aatopjjo*?. to ohotr ^fi% It 
wa the tru« o-K««r of said notes or eo»tra<Jt8, vm think it 
imt ono for the ^ary to d€ft«ra8lii,e, tta4er s>roper ini^truetlORS, 



t» mMtm *j«KS*if« %9-a-^iffe'.<m- *■ 



sjl«».i-v. _, 3«*,««-|u-.- ^ --^•-.«t*^x^.J.■ 






notes »r o»nt]pjA«t» In ^«st,loi5 were n*fftitlable sjjdi oa«i»w«X f«r 
the *Sa«|»«j^, «n th«i otli«r himd, e »«.««« >itly offwtflniil th.fi.,t they 
««r« mt. OOKislderinu, l»ot B«t deftliijnfr,tto«a t© >»« »<»(;«» tiRl»Iii« 
•aiy 9r««m»ptioi3 in fgir&t of tlMst l^AUk** ifo«a titl* th«rct« i« 
ov«roon«r l&y t^« «>via6»n«« intr»itt«©4, s^iiclfi sh«ir« th$>% «s«y *««^ 

Vwslc t« 9h9w tha-^t fehfey t««k «fej«» ^t^mm In g««^ f^-^th fer rml»% 

te«f»r« 68)6twrlty «^'-«4 in thm ««i»i ^ur<R« »f l)ustn«»«!s. ( II4« ati^ 

^ff, t^ ^.j^afe.ju. ^ $^'r^ffilM» i®4 lu. u€, 4i&j iMJiyiEla-iiassjiiasA 
tm Hi. 448. 4SSJ MLkXa^liiaaa^^, mn lu. s^^, ss4,) in** eyi. 

t<sB4»st t« «lj«» tii».t th« %mk ^U wdt t-alt# tbt tmtm fey e««tr«,«t» 
ffwss J«9*p» ia g®^5<S fsr4tli» ^i li®4 lK»wla4se of tli« €<s*^hi!^»«» right* 

oar e«»®i*ii»iiKi i» %h»% tiiA trial ««f»4rt «rm4 in «!««#«%• 

lug ^« jaiy, on 8«>ti©» »f t^ %Mxm *t the ffi«»oltt&i»ii ©f iplain- 
iiff** sifid«R«e» !« rs^rfe^m n rmmimt in f»f«ir «f tlMi fe«^ «li tlitt 

ii9«w« m&m ^ ti^ pl«a4i»t« *b to i»l»tfe«r tfeit %»,ii3fe «{^i guilty ^f 
«n «i!ila«ful «««ir'«rei©« ©f tJi« ««t«« «i^ <i©atys.3t« tn (pg^sti**, 
(Mlkii.J£*._:mi'Xii«»....€«:lt«BiM^«t aarB^^^^l^y^, i^S III, 4f2i Uliliy , 

i«^.»iAA, #8 jhl>^ ^f ,^tf?,|gf ^^^ lu. m$,l A«««r Singly, ti>« jti4|ps«nt 

#^ tfe« att^ri** {;©ttrt iff r«fir«?ir»«d, ^m th# <}««««» is r#a!®n4«d f«r « 
«««■ tjfiid* 



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attp»rist^4'<?iit o^^ Foils* « 

tKia i9 ft B»«nd«aita pr««e*il4ng \»fe#reln tlte r*l«*te» 
•«aslit to coffl9«l ffsaiJoatont* is ieawrf to 5tla ft yttftll ^v«^r!»«« 
c(«al«9'*« il.c9n»« for tli« r:>r^ninvn l^c»\«A m% 1439 '^'9n% 47tb 

Etand V th«ijr d^mAVrmtt ^hsvmp^f^ tJte e^urt ar^flre-^ th*» 5»rlt t«i 

fhn 'p«ititlftn «j*>nt»ii«a tiwlRStafstisiUy the «?«»«• »v«'!jna«nlMi 
a* tho«t la tfe« ^tttitaen mt tli« relation of .1?HiIi|t ?^»Ito, arm- 

Qsmittg «hloib the a?a89 fj^esjlur^ ^36« follow^-d s»4 r :jli«ll»r order 
gr^^ting the •«;?it '^jisb «ntoi^d. In th« opinion In tli« r-:'iTli^ g 
9«8«» 1S«. 3^cs3fi3, this cl^y' f iJ«4, tpc tujifJ in 9«a"ba1;Anop that tha 
n«titlo» 414 not 8t<«t9 mQh n ftra« ti xeJ'rtanV'^ the iH^mesif* 
of tli« wyit, ^n^ %hn% haldiag is »ppll<sa'^X$ %Q t?w pf.?a«iit eit««« 

l"*? tb« r«tij8«m8 Mtate^ iw »'»14 opiniftrt in the :--,;4 , yXi , e 
QA»'3 iy^ ..tiiAgssawt o;r Ui« i'^ipf-trlor CKnsrt in th* pr«tt^nt e«-rs«F rJL^tt 
*« t*«!T«rtMKl «a4 it Is «« «ifaffir«*4. 



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eo)ftf«B8i«n for 1^03 to b« «nt«r«d egainist 4«f<»ssd«ir!ts tm m Judg* 
Kent note for tSSG* (!««%«<! Oeti>ti«r 1?, 1934, and i«iityel>l« te tlM 
order of |>l«ilBtlffs In «ire«kly iiis!t«illai«i!it« of til et^oh. tho 
not* provided thnt th^ €>ntiro prlnelipftl sua should becomo dot 
«nd 9fcyaVl« thr«« dsysa after 4ef©alt la Maldag pttymant of .ir^ of 
th« »«ckly In@t4idl3a@iit9, a»d furtli«r provldQi for ettorTiey*a 
foes in Sftso ju^iS7B«nt wrb «mnf««8ed ob th« no to. Only one la* 
otoXlKAttt of 111 l^A %««» imld {»jtd tbi i^j^uat of tho ju'ignent 
WMiO aodo tt.^ of 'd§lf du« on th« iwte &nd fS5 «(ttomey'is fo«e. 

£Kibseq^@ntly two Of thu defendiaate, l?4li,«« -^nd Joe«f 
Haffipiohf iJr., fll«d aejtarnto p^tltione* islgaed and Vf rifled* 
alleging In eulsstjusott tk^it tli«lr lurported sl^^ittttTos on tlio 
Bdt« were iwt th«lr g^rmalne ai|^atiir«s and tlint thxy h&d never 
anth^rlsed ar^ other person t« »lgn their nsmea ther«oa» and 
j^rsgrlng ih«t the ;f«d^«nt h« opened « »te. On febru^ry 6, IQ^^S, 
i&« oourt ordtred that the jucSipBient he opened; th^t defendt^nto* 
p«»tltlon» atr^nd as ^elr ooyex'iil sffld^ylte of k< rite on the 
lastte presented; snd th»t there be « trial on tile Merits « the 



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jadgsent In th« aofmtijM to etend as sfiouriiy, vto. "lolte** 
(jucBtly ther« vce 6 hes^ring without e jury, renuXting in th« 
court, en April 4, 1926* finding ths issues £igrjin»t snid 
defenid&atB e^nd adjudging ^at th« .tu^^gBi^Bt^ ai$ oonfeosed en 
SoT««ber S6, 19>M« st&nd in full for«« i«nd «ffeet« 

The bill of «xo«ptieno diaolosee that the tritOi ao»* 
«ene»d on Mareh 51, 19nft. Jo^ef Haispieh, JSr. was eaJLled re a 
vltnese in his o«n behalf. He t«ti8tifi«d that it whs not hi* elg* 
nt^ture on th(» natti imd that he had not euthorixed anyone to eign 
hie nazBO thereon* B;<frn<^i^t MilXas g««T« te»tisonj to the nfm» 
efftct* Thereu|M»n» f^r«eh of sttsid defend iioite* %t the court* > re- 
'tueett srott without p^rot^et their re^sfH^otlTe eign^tures en a 
piece of pi2^eT ?nd h;%Bd''td it to the .fttt'Ks, ^e soan&»re<l the oljr- 
n<9tttr<?8' ^^ tiu! purported ^Ign^tnmti on the originitl note* Thm 
eourt oTcrrulsd th« ofe^leotion of ds'f 9R4*nt»* f-tt©rn#y t« tht m^^king 
of suoh Qosfariaon ««vi Bugn^etc*! thfit plaintiff »* sttomey ^roouro 
a h^^n'J'i'ri tlnjr «5."?|M?rt and hKY*? him tr-stify ^-.o ^ wltnees on April 4, 
1939« At tJie Rdjottrned fe«!f<ri«i5 i^laintlffe* »%iMirrmy ofi'ere'fc in efi- 
denoe the erigia&l note, the pspvr upon «fhich S'^id two r?<?ft'nd«nt» 
had written their Bi(rB^tnres» ®nd thsir reof^^ctiTo p«»titl©n» «^hoye 
nention^d upon it^hi^sh i!»r« thi»ir i^enuine alrntitarec. It w*ts (>eyeed 
thist |»hotost^.tio QOpies of these prrpert he ttisJten «siis4 i«ae-?ted In tho 
bill of exception® in lieu of th® origlnalB. U^eh pHotoetstio 
O03>ieg iRre in the |»res«nt tran^aript.) Th-fr^^uiMajr! plaintiff*^ eslled 
&« » iRriteeso ?m^n '^'mnins, a handwriting pxpcrt In Chi0?^<j» for m&rty 
fearo* After being ^ropj^rly fiw^lified se mieh* he o«iip»3red 
defend ssnts* purported ei^s^tureB ©a the natc «ith their ireruino 
slf natures on g«ld paper and petitions, wnd testified th^^t in Kio 
•pinion the aignaturee on erdd note were the fitemine sign&ttiree 
of B«id ti«o d'jfendftRts. H-p gtsr** hia r^r.mmm for «ueh opinion and 
wa» oro8s»ex4)«in^d ^A length by di*J'en<lantfi* rttomey, l-'efendaato 
thereupon osllod «^s a witness the other defendsunt, Joseph fheodoro 















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Haapioh. Jr. He te<$tlfi«d In inal>atane« th«st h« «avtt> th« not* 
to plaintiff e In r*"-rt pttyvent ftf cin imtttnol^lle which b» htA 
purehssed} 1^i:t h« ^iTot« his mmt^ th«r«Ofi nn^ nleo v^0t« th(»r«on 
t]Ei<» 8tjR«« of th« t^cT defendtats, lki» brother* in* law and fathar 
r«n9ectlT«l7; and thst "tiiey did not kiMiw « thlnir, Kl9>out It,* 
an^i i>eT«r f^t^iori is^^d Ma to »o write their nir>n«a, 

. AiDpeXlanta* tmaMml uye» Yarioue points as grouade for 
» r«ver«ia of tho ,tad|ps<«'nt, which in effect R»oti«t to two, fint 
(1) ^»t the cotart*8 finding is ««ir«.inst the weight of the eri- 
d«ne«( «md (2) th- 1 the oourt erred in eettifelng «,pT>«liaot» t© 
write their 3i«na1te»res An a piece of p»i^r e.«^ »e!Ms>?=>riwy(s? »%i4 
«i*?net3Hr«« with those on the note, xn& in saggeatlnj^. th>%t t»lal»- 
tlffo prtiG^t^i a hauaJ^ltia^ esii^i't to ooKp»xe the aaae ana giro 
his ei^inicin, «te» .yPter r«Ti€wing rtix tht eTid^snoe, snd after 
aoHisrarlS;^, th«* wald phot«ut£».tie a«pi«9 ttf the di«pwte*a eignfeteiroo 
with the adKlttod aignsitarea of ih« Ji«?f«n(Sf;nto, '*« sire unahXe to 
81^ thrit tl3>- fin^Slng Is agalost the v?eiRht of th© ®vi(2®Bee. ^Ji4 
we do set tMnk th^t any pa*©iti4toi»l tfrvmr w&e eo»K»itt©d >y the 
oourt in th« fr^ietdar® «.sSept©d, It wisb proper for the o«*Mrt to 
itr*lf eeaps?® ih^ di8|»uted oi^nntaree with tAiooe on the other 
papers, lntr«4jt0i»'4 in avid«*n«« mid ©.cialttediy genaiite. In the 
Aot "aonoffmlnj? -^w^^f of handwritinif eaud to penult pro#f of hanA* 
writiBg to he m».d^ by cowp*a-lai*a, ^^ In foroe JUly i, 1915, (Cahili»» 
£itot. X9S3, ChFiT. 51, ji^e. £»Ci, p. 1704), It l8 provided in eeetion 
1: *11i<s.t in All eettrti! oi thia *itat« it ahi^ll ho l«5t*f«l to proro 
hanc'R-rltin^ 1^ eoMi^i-xi'laoB fflMd« hy the wltnees or Jury with writings 
proTS€'rly in the fiXesj or rr^toords of Hm «a©e, adsjltted in «yi» 
denee or trc^ttd la f«»iiae or a^sltted to iwi genuine, ^ t^ 
»ar% isgs,l»«t '9fliom the e-nd*»a«e i» offered, or proved to he «en«in« 
to the a^tlaf as felon of the oturt,* In Qyeenehaiw y. Bornhofen^ 
l«t III, $49^ «4§jj it is deoided thst, ifeere tbo iswue in » 






■.J.t 






iriaX vithftut « p>ry te ^t>l,b">r or not «ftrt»iB «i«m!»tur«(<! nr* 

genuine, th«< ovurt KsTt t^<l xhoul'^« e<»K{»«r« thifm with si. 'fin tu ma 
in vi(3«ne« knitted to >m g^nainv. .iS h A«un« of 4«t«>rminin(g; 

,^v. 479» 484, 467; v>o^f^h?f^te^t-rg,.Mj?i.U>»fe; . -o» , ▼. y»matrfi|. a2« 
III, Api^. 'i6«» 473.) /«?!, urdt? tiw t;ireu»»it*.r«oe8, we think It 
r»o pPO]p©r f»r tfe# fi»«rt to »i)^gr«»tt that t}>e tet.mnionr of h h«tid« 

^ritlriK eit^«rt ^» se^arsv i« o-rdtr io tuiftmlct the Gotjrt in ieter- 
adfiiOK tfe« ifi&«i« pye-^i'.nt?'.!!. In the «vi»«e of Crd^ ,▼,,. M«rcimtJLjL« 

lla^Ji™^^.ol»3fi«_%ft|s3l» ^>i8 m« ^t>iE». *®'y. ^-'» ^^ MiMa ▼• 

jLft^rlilsn ,;?-i|t^t«r. tS5 ill. ^5', 524, C*3t», the opinions of heind- 

of the diiipttt«d ftlgrsrtiire »ltb uciKltt*4ly g^inulne st;-nftta,rea, 
and Auah o^lnionts e9Reii<!^7»d in eoan»eti»n wiili eti9k@r <:»vid«>noe. 

?h«s ^^ttfij^aeBt «f th<« Itaniaiswal sma:rt, canfisniti/n the 
|tt<S*^':«nt «at«r«j4 fey oostfRastan on io5?e«»bei* ^4, 19;M, shouidi lj# 
afflraed, »md It la se orti»r«d. 









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) APPSAL rxon 
Sa^IwBal UFSi ABB /.c?:i:D|iT ) 9 4. 1 T A ^^^ 1 K 



1 



IJft, JU STICK ti%jM*m ri,UrVJ?RtD ?H1? OPIWIOI? CF tm GOtJBt. 

I'lfcinUff ( the )>en@flclsr3r nt^<r<1 in thr«tt lif« insur- 
aaee |K>li«ie&» laaued by d«f«ndant eosipftny lund in!sarlm th<> life 
of Annft Grant, «li«> died on jr^uiraary ^g. lOES* l^roui^t suit ^gjuinat 
ih« eompany in IJKe Mani«l|>»l oourt on Mar^ 3, X92I&, to reeoTer 
|9e9» tho tot^l »fflo«nt eXAi%e^ to %e due on ».ll thr««& ^lioieo. 
tim 9if th«Bt, having t»een in foroo for aor@ than two yeiy?«, wero 
UB6dni«dt&^Xet an4 tho cueount <&te en liotli wsoi #94 • Thfii tliiriA 
l^dXii^ w^s for |41% »vit ««)« dated and i8'«u#«l on FovtnWr IB, 193^, 
and tiio o««|»iiMi^ eoat^istoii it on tbe gmund ^tmX th« iii8«ir«d wao 
sot in sottn<^. hsaltla on th^^t tete. On the triel, «-ltlt«ut a. |wry 
la Mayt i93&, tbo oms^masy^ tendered Into oourt tli« #@4 dhto on the 
two poXicieu eURid |15.7& for refund of «.I1 9r«)^ttBi& paid on XiM 
t)iilr4 poli^ • ti total of #109 .TSf «,nd tto eourt ea^t^aeed plain- 
tiff*® d*sa!«|I«8 at «i»ld total aum, iM»t oliowljfcr any re«OTery on 1*0 
third ipolioy, a ^^ud^nont sigwinBt tbm eomusMPiy for |10ft»f5 follos«sd 
and |>Xaintiff ai^'peRled, 

IJ&e eonteotad policy sontainod the pro-rieian! •!• 
ftMigstion is &8*mj»sd liy the Conri^rny prior to tliw df^.to her«of» 
nor unloas on »^d di&to the inoured i« i^ivo and in oeand hosilth* 
ilwold tjew i^ropoaed Inoared not he olive or not \m in sound health 
•n VoM df^te bsreof I isjny aaount i^aid to the oonpaiqr as |>r«»iiuBB 
heroon shrill ht returned." It wss »tipil«t«d on tJfit® trifl th»t 
«li lireffiiumi} due on the oontoeted |telioy« ^ssKrunting to $15,75- 



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h«u} ^cen duXv pc>.l<i prior to tli« :1o< th of the Insured, that dti* 

f»r<»of» of ieath had be«n ma^Jo, and thnt rt th« tlm« th« policj 

w«B bpp3ki«»«i fur fen<i iti<iiudd th« Ifieured bellf'Ted hertt«if ttt b« 

in sound h9&Xth. He B«cUaal «xn!r!in«%ilon w«« rei^uireo to \f fcund*, 

or was mo,d«a 6f the insurt'd prior to tlM> issuance o/ th« yiAliey* 

ivf ter a rcvieti? of ^he trarnoript «• eire ol' tbe opiuioa 

that Ui* linking umi ,1uds»*'»»'^ •**" ^*» 6«>urt Rr« fully sufttfsiined lijr 

the eTidf»no« 'ind the law. It Is ndailtted thrt the in«ured died of 

*tuVerc!ui«Ar j^erltenitio.'* In the offlel*! deeth ci«rtlilQate« Intro* 

daeed la tjvlwit'no • Ttith*»yt e> frrti^nn, tlja ca»«« of her death i» glTea 

»8 *tut»ereuloftlR js«rlto»lti»* RUd th« oontrltnitory or secondary 

e^tae as "deMlity from urinary feee^J. fistula." The t<^3tim>ny 

©f d«fe«d»4nt*e ultneiso, Pr, Adler, » wrgeon on t*i«« (st«?iff of the 

Cook County hospital* ^^» e» ^^mnrf af, l«:>4, th«r® ««.fi# on 

exanintition af the insfiured m^^ took h»T w^dioal blatary, and » few 

deye i«t«r i^vaeieted In as oper.='tion 'p«rfo3*aed. upon her, clrr^rly 

showed that &he war B«t in »oa»<1 hpslth on Tfov«al3er 13, 1923, kr& 

thiiit »hft sr: & then afid h .i^ teeen for nore than s. yerr prior ther^t* 

»ttf ferine from tulMsrowloaie in the uMowinttl region, «*nd frow other 

dl««8»es. It 1» iffell settlstS that, wh^r* » mlJ.Ry ©f life JnnirRnee 

•3«int£>in» u pro-^ilSiien, such a» the ^rpvlelon In the prfeenf f^^licy, 

there ean be na r«}Ss»»T©ry th^reow, ^nlese nt t« dflte of l6»«»««3e t3M 

insured w&a la ffi..3t In »««»?! hi9«atfo, (g^leJkl t» iiittro y ell tan Llfo 

Ml* ,^,»» 1^€ 111, A^p, t6, 79; ttariihy ▼, j»fni»> 106 Minn. 118, 113; 

.i#^m:l ▼• itSffii* 1^^^ Saee, 99, ©Ij ^Mal»X»..Mot»r o ^as Co . ▼, Xo« 

yerk Ui-c. las. Cp^. S3K3 lU. Apt?. 113, |}«.) fhere we no «Tid«B0O 

toa^ilng to ehe* that th« diffin^fftnt mmp«.iw h^d w«lved this ptrtlQuloT 

nlmim of the policy, m^ we do not tMrk thst th«" trlel court 

e©fflsdtt#d wy tyrare In nilin,^ii on eTldenee »» wcrreat 9 r*T«r»»l 

91" the Jad^Mont, 

Aecorlin^^lT, the .ludgsaent of the ftanlolpsl o«»urt it 
HbfflrBMsd* 

iftxuee, P.J., «nd yitch, ,7.,e«B0ttr, 



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e»9artners« 4olng lm«in««9 

«.s /• ^i«in2«\Jk (20. and 




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jomAL mQM 



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ciftccrxt couat, 

41 loAo 615 



5 ■ WSJHAL AirlSfiT, yiK5; 

UPS AilitJHAKCMCOHK)Fl.#IGJI, 

I /App«llaat, 

I / 

la. jusTis,? 4^Birr ]5?;.i4v*j*,^ tils' cj-inor? of tks cc^jkt, 

i.$19, &M %a«e4 tipoa aa *XIliael,s #QrkK«tt*» C«»^en0ation pellosr** 
of laisttrAao«. Xl»it«d t« $5«000 la '^«sft of lajtiTy or 4e^th «f 
0ae <ses|tlo3rc« «a4 ttstitd to i^Xr^latlffB und^r th« nan« of JH"* Hoineo 
■^ Co, 98 A^ril 02, 1916, thoro vme a tjrial ritia«ut « J^rjr, ancj, 
oa juao 2^, 191^6, tho oouri found the ie^uos la pi»intlff»' fttvov 
fiad «ater«d ^udgneat nge^iast 4«feainat etospna^ for #9,000. Tltio 
ftjppeal follo^#ed« 

On the trial it imo 6ffro«<3 "bsr tbo rtiiipootivo t^iioraej^ 
tluit, ia lieu of iatroduolag evldisaoe as to th« i^o evident, tho 
eriglael record, filod la tiie guprctae Court ia e^^aeo Ilo. 12, 659, 
golaa^ y . ladqatrlfel. CottKloa>ioa> ^ Introaactd la «^vld<»a««, ead 
that «^it>i«r psj-igr airfet Introduoe e4 itlonal evid»no©« iach 
record irme introduo<^d, also ailttliional ^vldeaoo ^ i^lftintlff «• 
It ime furtli^r t»tipal«t«d th»t pl&iatlffe h«td j^aid tho K>««ird 
of th« lBdit%tri«tl CoiBmissioa m«matli%, vlth iatereot «nd eosts, 
to #5«644«Sf; ^0t they «aoo ht^d paid Interfrot or e^rfciiln ln> 
etallEa^nts tltoroof sMOuatlng to #960; aloo «xp^a*«» of ^.^SS.ia* 
*^«d al»o r«.%«oaal»l« attoraey'o fees of feeo. ?h*« coasp&ny'o 
attoraejf did net qpootioa «» corr«etB«»» of tto*? a^^rorai e4»attftta 



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but oentended th/.t plaintiff • mrrc not «ntitl«d to reoovc^r any 
of thorn froB tho ooapiuny. 

In ttaolr deol»ratlon plsintlff • oot forth rgrbattn 
tho policy ftBci the e.tt«dH#d ftohedule# «nd All«ge<l in aub^timoo 
tiia.t« ^ it« proTloiona and Bubjeot to its oondltions* tho oompony 
agreed* for o period of one y«e^ from April 3:'., 1910, to indoamify 
then ?igainwt loots arising from logsil li&Mlity for daaoces on 
aooount of ho4ily in^ry or dc«th tmffert^d lay thoir cnployeeo* 
r«iitalting from any aorsid^nt rerioing out of »na in the oourt^o of 
Uieir es^lo^^nt, providedi that th«i conpt^ny** liability in roepeet 
to the in^ry or seeth of &jiy en« $mploy«$> ehoul4 not axo«r«d $&«OOCi; 
thftt on ^no ?• 1916, on« treii j^rings, vhilo in plaintiff a' sisploy 
mtt a t«if«Btor, i»8S inured in «n *&aai4«nt in th« <mia.rn^ of hia 
employewnt HSd ther«ftft«r <lie(i fro» hio injwrieoj ih*st th<» »48ainlf« 
tr&trix «*f hio eat«t«! olttiaedl 4s»Ku»^®e froa plaintiffs, and aeV* 
sequeatlT, tht eowp^sjfty ttni^«%rto«(k tho d«8f»sn©« to h«r suit Wfors? tho 
liii^Rtrisil Boiftrd of Illinoiii, ^imre oh® rasoifgrfed ssn srtrar^ of fSJS&O, 
toj^ether ifflth interest o«4 oosto; th»t tho ooapeHoy, not rffgardins? 
ito olsligatioa to oontinue th;; aefonse of t^ mit to final ju^* 
ment, fjg.iled an4 tt«gl*«t«4 to ]^riis«aut@ »n sppcsl fro* the 9^miT€ 
to the Cirottit oourt or, u^on £if irau^noo, to the o^py^sMs, Cou^ t» 
where th« aws^rd fin*»llj» ws affinso^ CS8S 111. 348), plfiintiff© 
t}3i«m8@lTes proseeutlng onid fti»p««ls ari4 oxpendinfr th*?««fli>y netj#«>?^ary 
eosto, ssttom«ty»f« f^ne, int«r«»«t, «t©., in<«ludln« the ife>ar«?«, which 
thoy paid in full, the tot«l sua of iltfiGOoj wnd th^t rl»i«tiffst had 
ooKplied Dfith oil the ^rms tmd eonditiono of tho polSsy, Tho 
£l '^^ffgttffi of ^kie <l#elnrntieB vh» |Hc>00» 

Tim Qois^anv^ filud « plo« of tho g^nersil ii?i(>iti>» pa^ Cftv» 
notice of opoQinl wattero of d»«fe«BO th&t this p^slioy '**»8 lom;*?^ 
to **?. Heiniw & Co.,* f^i«^ rtpoaft^d the j?^e:5idont a# ono hripfioalni; 
to 0B« of its enploy«ea; th.^% Vm eattpnaysne r'*Tttls«f?(ft lay tb* 
policy, dcfoRded th<; suit 'brou^rht against it l»efore tho Xllinoio 



WM "mrmtt «**? ?>-si7iJjv 



■■«i- ii«si.»tt<fti) -tot is^iXMAax i.«a«*«" ««r3:" 



';•»!■? >,rv tt* '^• 



.-.ttiiCrt**"* '*?#'' 



-;rt) 



..«5ftfa»»,(^» 



f|.<r«-» 's^^.^tfi*^'^C«f «?■* ♦Xl.#* »*!^«'*' 



»^l?5*:- 



'^i.n^pifi 



iim tm% 



*,^f'i*|. **i«41 &^ $J^ *' 






ySfs 



lAviaetrial B«s^d *until ««t,iil Bo«rd decided thut th« dr^evastd* 
Ajri&itlft, irne b«1 6^ «ttplo3re« of f. ileinB* k v,«. but an «npl07*« 
•f tiii® ««iRftbejta£r r^fii-iiftg Co., einei <iirial9«i«d ae tA ^. Halao* 
k C4. ^nJ iaeld tst« '«in&iieii»«k' T«fu&ing C^.}" ^nd thnt, ?• iteince 
^ C«. hft-irlnf dift^ri 5URRi»B«d fro* !^« iiraci$«dln^ii, d«fendi»Bt eoppany 
M6^ n« furtiEurr inW-eet ih^jrc^ln. 

Th« 0Oie pttinta r^'liod upon \tf a<rana«l for tho oeiepuigr 
fsr e vnrtTe^nl af ih« judg)SKeni» 1b in i!aliist«atf« tHatt '*for tit« 

^jsritt^n f©r the ft)/::«ar a©na«y» &a4 its smplttytt^fn, did nai ««f«j? 

the fitiloiffia^ faato in »ul»3t&3ie« mnt diaaJLoaad toy tltt 
«ifid«aoa; .s^or a^^ity jrear* i^i*lntiffa had b««3ii iitu©o<Jij^t«U Wi^wther 
ia a paradusu aia»'aiMaii@R litJAlmrsa - 'Aitinz^ &u 9im»r said iQinsiii^i:tnir 

|rj;M»iritii* /tb^ui M&rali €« X9X6, ^ri«r -u> ^€ i8;»iiii«ase ot tb« i^oli<jjr 

In *:9i«ryitittnt *iimj entered lnt«l $« m^rsusaent -wlisrc'aj they 'ftt'Oiiaa 

of 
«:|U;sd ^artaers In the ^tsslnQH®, andar tim first riitai*^. *?i«i«a« ^ e«., 

«rrttai;«d ihfet t^i^y ^ouXd d.& «$, teaming 'i9u»iiK»«s at the 3iv^'»& idC'^-tiona 
in addition td %li& i^i^oda^M; odneaiu^ion tJU£;iBe««^« %iDdt«r iih» mJtm Of 
s«ia:^n«iiJB»7 'i'&'&aiiBie ve« l'2i% W:^i>^iag ds9&ri:;aaer>t s>f ih« \}«B»lB«eiJt 
«aa o«ad»«t@d Bad^r this ssapKrate nis^^t b«e«««je Iti ^m.h Vtin^u^hl 
3S<»r4f tsiaming \M8iasasi might thersliy b« e'btstinsd fp«i« «-»^t-. *;itor« 
ia tha aoiaaiiayioB feialTjt-as, ua^e^uts aB«^ki» «fed 3«p..'*s*4ittj "bunk 
e«ie«}ma%» i*¥S^ uaod for e.iid 4«|»«rtaiiaBt, ooA « s«|>)»r«t4 c-at of 
fe»«St«,»*ii kspt. Uiia i^tto don9« aocoi-dlng tO Salnshaiaer's ife'atimony 
for *ii# aajf^jwso Of «i.se$iirt%laiag if tlie d«p.\rta^nt ■"'as payingo 

0»« l»9&]^«*@j^9r k«pt Ijotli !*?»tj» of "hiiolrs, I^ the schedule of the 

stated - 

l^oXiey th*» nsme of th« asftared ie/to be "P. Heinze & Co., 









1- 



aiaj 






:>n?f *v*«*^f»^' 



'9l*ii-^te*.- 



-4- 

tt eop;%7tn«rchip» loontert at 175 «eet Cmath »»t«r .str«r<*t,, Cliloago. 
Th« iniiivldu&l Home* of tiie two |koi*tn**r» d« not nprittKr in th* poliey. 
It is titated In tbf! •nUt^'inle that the kin4 af trade, HtwlrtDve nr 
occKtpstlon c«Tfi3r«4 w^b •hrmllrvs; pr<!><!ue« and li|!;ht in«r«hi!»ndl#», dri rers 
^urtd <lriT#re' h^Xpors only." 'fhe f»(iTfeZi«« pr««aiittKi ^m-.u VXV»!Vy, luvl tht 
shffok to vf^ Uxc nua^t r-Jt y»elA aa oJM»ekn t« t»«y ^^t* 9u>)«»«'t«9nt saaditSe 
vmvi irmtm aigadnst th* 'btoilc ft^eouat of thf- titnsainr, Avpartanont, ««r« 
pj^olJliSi to the ordwr of d^fendnnt'a Chicsr^^o nmcnte, imd tr5r*» uigaci 
*W»lnRh't?iiaf?r Viu'a?al«g ;o#, bf ?. .Heinae," Yh» tej«« nvad fm;'. drirer* 
dflrple^ed Ijy plaintiff* w«r« uo««i and «»pJ.oy«A only in tb« t^^^gBlng 
4«p*rt««nt. A? t<> farther faotfs diaslofted "kf? t,Jtvj ^jvldemje, r«>f«ren«« 
la ande t* th« dpinii»n 0f the iiu|ir«5»a C©urt. (iloi rt ^ i^c v » Tn«lu.Ji,t rl»l 
,^yH»is>3ioy|. 8®a 111. 349, 34S, 349.) 

Aft«r a reiriffw of tim «vi4®n««, and the holdinns in 8eii4 
Ifflij^g^ ea.s«i« WE (40 not think tli?*t ther© to any iisrit i« flounael'a 
coat«ntlen aljoTe mentionedi. thors wsa anl^r »n» ip«rtn«rahip. Jn th* 
[^ 9ma«, (p, 345} it ia said: *fli9 oXaia fax* a<ia|t6nos^tlon mti» 



-^givlnBt i?. H«iaz« anil -^'mesi ■waiB;»"iiei5ff.«j'. a. pferta^rnki]? is! not » 
X«g.OL ««tlty ««n»ra.ts '-iWi diatinot frttm. i)it rie^e&fmsi ^eMjwjainf it 
^lil^tt ▼» AntlB yaon . g«9 tii, aas); ^na it salftss n« iiftsr^wn^ 
th!*t tho »sae i^rti«t8 »r« engaged in t-wo 4iffor?nt iinea of basinens 
undpr dlffei'«nt pn^tnershi? n^ysteB, • the»ir? is ifl Xsw lnjt aiue 
^«srtr.9rialiip, (Cawp WiX y. ^•X»r6d» CoaX 4 Iron Co .. 9 CoXo. eo,)» 
gojBd of t)M cases <Jit«>i I*? ©©un-^tX in eupi^irt of kia e«nt«ttlioa 
»r«e« in J»ri«dictionB#J\arc iSie %\i«f9wy, \hiuX n i^ftrtao^a'aip is n 
Xsgal entity, 1b r«9«gni«ed« In Ab tatt y» snderi^OBi . a#6 lii» ?A5» 
S^, it is said; '•the theory i^^t a pRTtnerfliiip is a X«gnX entity 
distinot frea laad independ-snt of the pereens composing it h&e never 
%«&n r«»@og[ni8«d in the Xav of this »tAte.* Jhroa th« «vi(ian«e eon* 
tain«d in th« present r%iOord we think that the pXaintiffs, under 
the %9rmm ef the policy in $iaeetion, ^^re iniaired ^ai^t just 






a *<»j(? i'?i:^^,wff-i?rT,«i.- 



'JWtO f:l*f. JSlfti ^.i.i\«-;!.>«l' 

•" ■ ' -^. ..^ ^i. A -,ife^. ,.^#>.^4ife ■■ -.^ii&^t^lWI^' 



•ueh « liability an It wi » tshoan Uviy wtrc mitij«ot« i t0, tiid 
th^t tlw ttsf^Bd^ttit oottpvTty i4i-u»\ild rwiiBhiirfte pltiiintlffa for tb* 
Rswunt of th« erig-imil »tin«rd of 4>»»900, inter«tit itnd ttoittt, paid 
tigr th»a, nrtd nXae for thftir AxpcnBetj and attorney** f«es mtn* 
tioned, mib.l^ct to th» limit ef the #6C00 ft<l daamw of thoir 
d«eliir»ti«ii. It is provided in Uu» peliegr U^at th« cottp&ny 
■a«roe8 to d«f«nd, in th« najMt of and on b«»)ialf of tJie raeur«d« 
^^ny mtito brouf^t \sy any (Pnaployt^^ , * * or hi» r«i»r«f)S!«ntetiYes» 
for dis»Aj;c« nf?p*iisat th® s%«etjr«!d ♦ •; a«4, in ftueh «Tcnt» ♦ ♦ 
farther 6gre<ie to pay, irr^^lKJotlYo of imd in addition to tht 
liniie of th« l^oli«^ « ♦, &X1 ooatJi twxod iMjainst the &»0«redi 
in eii^ legal ^roeecding def^ndti ^y thct Cerpe ration (^cf«Bd iii)« 
all interest acoruing after «?utry of .luJ^ment upon euoh p»rt of 
seid .fud^«nt as tha iJorywrfotion is oblige t«4 to pcgr andar tho 
Folioy» ♦ « toiFiether vi^ all ex9«aa«s iaoiirr«?d by tiit Corporation 
growing out of the Invpetlgation of th# *teoid«?nt, tli*? i*dj!tt^t»«nt 
of ip,ny ^ItdM or thf^ ds^feaa* of ti«Qf wait, i-^^! ml ting therefroa,* 
B«em»so of t*» mmp»n:T*ii refwattl to a&f«in«i the suit hrowght ag^^inot 
j^lftintiffo in the cirtailt cud Ottpr«»e courta, linger a aistfeXon vioir 
of tho litw ftnd feete, w? think plaintiffs* expsnooo cuad ?ittorR«y»» 
foos Btentian^d, sf th« orrecfeese of the aslant* of «hieh no 
■^«8tioa ■n^B raie«d, wore in«l.itid$d jjroj*rl^ in tiw findii^ silid 
^dipawnt* 

Ottr oonoltislon lo th.'^t tho 5«dg«««t readar«d hy the 
£ir«iit eotart againet tho 1»f««djaat aempuny and in f&vor of plain- 
tiffs ohould he ftffinaed. It i* «o ord«ro<i, 

BMmoa, »» J», end Fitoh* 3*t GOneor* 



1-«i #"ts<6 ifaifti i3.04r« ?fl»«ft&«J. "tft "^r • 
htm ^fiZ.s^pJi% nsM mM^ %■■ 



•;s e^C^;/:? 



2S9 • 30ft91 

\ 



▼. I 



jiMf x» H^¥iy4« 








?iiS? 



'•N^, 



Plaintiff. 



Dsf^Mdssjit, 



j^mu» fmm 



wmiaiViiL (Xf\mt 



6? ciacAao* 



241 I A. fil,p^ 



«iil«^«»'l «JSfeR<5«^ nnsv^v ef **t« ga-misfeee. Il&s s-'.-.m sr»6 



H rSi J.I I-frs 



I?.,? 



.; .: iS;: 



^Vfiffl^f^c 



* V 



iri:^^**!:^-. 



♦ i^:-;- 



7,69 - ■W)532 



COKTIKSKTAI. * COKKSRClAL KATIOKAL ) 

BAKK 0? CHICAGO, a Corporation, ) 

▼«. 

ISRASL P'iRLliAK and KOiiKIS P^OOiiAii , 

Ap pell suits. } 



^P^.AJ FROM StTKSnXIOH COCTT 
OF COOK COUJsTY. 

241 I., A. 61 e 



m, pH-;3ix>iiia Juancs iutckbtt 

DELIVSHSD THE OPISIOU or 'ni C013HT, 

Th« plJiiTitll'J' lii thfi trial court la a nHtioiial ■feiiiik. 
It 4u«d defeiiianto, Israel Perltn?m jsrid korrls /'erliajin, upon cer- 
tain TjrnKlsRory note* des8orlb©<l In tha eppuirii courits oi Che dec- 
I'uration, to ^hioh were? attaoVted th<* couaaon count* -md an affidayit 
Binttlnp forth the nature o1" pl-i ntil'f's clHlm an 1 allfiglnj. that 
thnre was lue, rd*t«r allowing all 0J"«sUt», ^■'to:,, th« sum ol' 
177,560.35, 

The defen'lants fil«s>l a nlfta of the {{;en*!ral Isru« v^^lth 
an affidavit of raerlte, !Ui<' aft^r^ardg 80f?cial pleas of want of 
oonsHeratlon, failure of oonsidoration, miarapresaritation iKd 
frayl, ;?n-,^ a pl«a of sst-oi'f, Ihare were replicatiouR by the 
plaintiff to the eossclui pleas, atnl the pur Lies ttubiaittod ?tvi(!enc« 
in support of their reBpectivs contentlonB to the jury. 

hsforf^ th«j close of the ?vl Ipnce tflf^ def^^ndante m,ido 
a motion to UsaiKS tJie caas u:pon the theory that the «»vlienc« 
tended to shovf that plaintiff had be-en guilty 1/; the transaction 
hfT* in controversy ©f trailin^i with aa ftnejay country, contrary 
to the lawH of t>^e IInlt»^ Statf»« of Aosrica, jokI while the United 
States of America ^as at war, nuti^ that th«» claim in the cult i?as 
base*! unon acts of thp nlMintiff, contrary tn the Tjuhlic nollcy fvai 
•wplfar*! of th« UnitPrt atat^^« of Amerloa. Unon that groim i also 
the iefen^^ants Kove-? to inptriict th*- jury to f In ^ the 1 «ou«s for 



did AA 1^2 



i 



♦ atAi:'. ' 6a« a*;ip;v<iii.<;''V -j&iii, y 









«i •..'.■»».?«• a »!.«-!■+ ;. ■ (uta Oka! ff-jifi ^:' 






«^s.iB »#«#!& 11.1 i- 






15 (J w .'*■ jMr; 



th« defencSanta, both of which laotionB were daniad. 

rkt the cloBo or all the ovid«»nce pl-ilntiff pr«««nted 
a written aotlou to exclude the evidence I'roia the consideration 
of the jury, to InRtruct tho Jury to I'lm. the iesviefi J'or the 
pl&intiff, 'ixi'i to .'iaacBB the dajauije* for thft plfiintii'i* at the eun 
of 135,66^.69. ThiB motion *?ae granted, the v^^rdict returned 
and the court, over-ruling aotlons of def<»nf'ant« for a new trial 
and in arrest, entered juijSEEent against the defendants for the 
asMffunt naeed In thn vcrUct, 'llila .luli-^Berit ieferi laute by thla 
appeal aeek to reverse. 

The evidence tended to show triat Perlsaan ** Coap&iny 
is a corrioration af the «tiit« of At«w York, (\nd that about the 
tlKie of the trmisaetion in controveray it cor* tempi ited the pur- 
chaae, ahipsierit to and aale in 1£urop«? of e«?rtain foodetuffa; that 
particularly PerliLan & Company h wi in jalnd ths ehipment of certain 
foodstuffs to Lithuania, which wa« at th?it tiae a p.^t of the 
Ger&iian Smpire, with which the Unitfid :JtfAte« wae then at war. 

It ^uB unnecessary that tVls defense ahould be put in 
iaeue by pleae, sine** if it appc'ar^'? froK the evidence that the 
fact alleged exist*"', the court woul-^ of its Qtrn aotion UsmlsR 
the aotlon on the grnun 's of oublio onllcy. Os cany an v, Anss C9. .. 
103 IT. s. ?66; Gopnwll v, >?aw<i»a Co . . 7 Wall. fS57; Jones v, n. n^ . 
137 TT. 8. 302. 

yurther, the c-urta of Illinois arH of th« TTnlted 
States will talte JuHelal notice of th<» lawa, proclamations and 
official acta of the executive departnenta froas which the est- 
iatenae of any auoh defense might be inferred. Jonfte^.v. ij, B. 
laaia: Un^erhlH V. Hem-indea . 168 ^J. 3. 250; dprlnK v. Xolegraoh 
Ca** 3l<^ ^» ^. ^. (Ann.) 9S2; Jban^vival v. Omsk All Huegian Gov . . 
etc., 237 1.. Y, 15w; if'iah can v. feat aide liation>a Bank of Ghicaj^o . 



eri# to'* «*rMJ?'ri»'t«fe *«f3 ^HBtajja #f^f»«l^5^Bt b«i;»*»te ,#«»it« «1 5n« 






S»ae 






J,x]ie,a iiUtciiM'A »fcie 4«©% ♦¥ j-tat^ifisi'* i'**ii* 



.Z , .»£» 



228 111. Apn, 315. 

That th« trftDftaotiona ^Mch at>r)«ar Ir eTl<!(me«, in- 

ir 

olu-^lng th© making of a. loan ml the <»x«C"tlon of « ^us.rRrty/for 
th<> oini)0»e of fln^Jicing thft purchase of auopllra for an anrray 
country, woul-l 'he a yiol^tion of tl.<? Tict igtinpt traiinj;; -witv an 
enoray, tbare l» no toubt, U. 3. Uomp. Str*t. l^o. 1, 1919, ^^ec. 
31lHf ^^ '''Ol; U» 3» ^tat. 1?J19 , Coapll»ition, Supn, i'O. 1, :>ec B 
31161 AA; Springer v. luarvin . 276 i*'«d. 595; 273 i?»d. 27; vol. 1, 
Stat, of 1916, X923 3upP. , p. 1057, c^ec, 311&i; 111. C. C. A, 201 
y«<3. 804. 

This defer-ae was pr08??nt«?d upon oral argvaaent with sofi 
•«um©stne«« which would hav*' 'becjti uv*?r.viriciKg If there had h«en 
fiRCts In th« racor-^ on w>;leh to h^ee! the ari?:'jBi»nt, Btich fn.ot« do 
net appear, hnt , on th«? oontrary, an ffxa:^ inntlon of th*» r«oord 
dlleelofiea t>mt all parties to th«» trarjaaetion eonteispl'itf^f^ that 
■before any auch riilpiR«nt to Lithuania shoul-^ bo raf^'l^, a pcrtrtt from 
the gcTernrr. i"n t of th«» United 3tr4t«« -sraui'? be obtaln^'i. In t1«w of 
that fact ytt) cannot assume that citiaftns of this country ^T-pulf' !>• 
ffuilty ©f 80 h-slnott* an offense. Oullt of thtit klni will not "bo 
preftuEie'!. The detanainitlon of the? queistion raleed by lief fnd^nts' 
sotion ral««<5 a qu«»tion of law, and th® court !ld not «rr In deny- 
iM$, tho motion. 

The affifJavlt of iri«?rito seta up aa a defena« that on 
or about April 4, 1919, plaintiff oroeured the -iefend mts to eign 
a eertaln Instrument of guaranty In the svun of 'iXQO,000 to guarantoo 
tlJO plaintiff from Iobb upon a transaction th«« proposed to be 
carried out between Perlraan e<. Qosxxi-my ani the govemEisnt of Lithua- 
nia; that th*» orH proposed traneactione fell through and the 
plaintiff nt^tsT advance' any jBonwys to Perlisan A CoMpany In con- 
nection with It, ?inri that sal 1 gu^rsunty h(»ca®<» nn-' was extin/-ui shed 
an.1 of no force ?m « effect; that defendant* hai buelne-es relAtlont 



.«f«; ,tfifk .XXI 

sE 9©s '*x^.<>ji%<r«i»a ;fl-ai.t-a£i<rie'»;>. /CI9X .*«tf8 *» .0 jiw AA ,.,i»xxe 
rl .Jtotr It*-. .*»« «VS jeegj .|Mi« Wfi ,«i£3gg .V ieanj:.tgg ;M j^iXt 

'1rtr<W»#i^ ■«.«<* '^«'»ol*»ftla««r«^'"'j^^^ '■fin 



with the \ninlc mnjiy ywara prior to th^r execution of tVio Kuaranty and 
had full faith In its honwwty nr.d Integrity 'iii' in th© honesty 
an^ lnt*fp"lty of tte offic«re nn ' «r;tp3oy«eB; that ;ift«r th« ahan-'on- 
went of the trari paction <!«f«ndfinta b(»ll'^v«ri that th© gusiranty had 
beftn canoelieii $sjn^ destroyed hy Tvluintiff ; that thereafter Perlman 
■^ Company took up certain other a«fl listinct trantmetions -^th the 
plaintiff ani the pl!»intiff made adyrmcaB of reonfly to Perlnan A Cora- 
pony in eonnection therewith; that the guaranty waa not Intftnde'l to 
etanJ as eociu'lty for th«»c, and that defenJarits ha) no knofledge 
of thffse la.'itters, but that Perliaan deposit* 3 with plaintiff irafta, 
bills of laiing, shipping papers nnd. warehouse reeeipte as security 
for these trfuisactione and advances, whie>! were wholly unknown to 
d«fer:idsynt8. 

That on or about J^ebruary 27, 19^, def «?n(!ajite r«oelv- 
ed notice frow plaintiff that Perlican 1 CoEip#4ny was in'iebt"'.'! to it 
in the axjin of 8101,538.55, «»n^' that olalntlff would Vol'l def«^n1ants 
liable upon th<» fraarar.ty for th^ amount of the in "et tednesB, De» 
fen-'.ante pr'^t'»8t>?'1 to plaintiff that the fuaranty hat^ been j-l^en to 
cover but on*» tr-unsaotlen, ani had be»n so unierstood by the par- 
ties; that thf f;«aranty had bscoiae inop«rativo by r«?ason of the 
failure to coneup-s-ate the trans?aotlon, md defenianti hsid no 
kiJOTf^lft'^ge of the advances plaintiff }iaii been making to Pprlinan k 
Coiaparsy and had never autlsoriaed the making th«>r«of, --usd further, 
that they were adivised that the bank h»5ld collateral much Wiore than 
aufficient to nover the ln^5ebte-'?ne89 claiiB<?d to bft itie from Perl- 
man & Company; that thereupon aefendants were informed by plaintiff 
that these thinge ill. not matter, that it deaired to get rir? of 
said collateral tmA would put defendants out, of businwso land destroy 
their credit if thfiy 'id net forthwith execiit«r their note, payable 
to its order in the ox5s of $101,538.53 with collateral; that de- 



mml%»^ %v>$'t»^%ini$.-$»0 iTlllnlj^ifyiCf; A9;<jf^l«*fe:;,#ip,' fefX^^i*ft,»..^,;-^ 
•<*iis«t»«ii »#, t#«i»tt«^ tsirft^ift^ir *WJv«f»,a!«« Jl^ - 

♦f. .«l»VlS W»tf l>«rf■^,W•iiM^^*#^r;t•4f;;W<«l*«•' 
t9 i>lf ,.-#f»-.t*-- A*^''^**^ li .^»44. .Tai^wtt l.«l« .S>i..- Afraid* . »tt«rfi- ^ 



fer.'lsuit* wer® In Vuelneis wni In n««d of cr«Ut, Mi that uoon thd 
renewal of th«8(s t^re&t» seYfurjil tlm«8 nxiA nvnn the announcercpnt ^y 
plaintiff that It was about to take action, dl«f«n^ft:.ts con«9nt«<J to 
execute the note. If plaintiff vcul-i turi. over to them uil the col- 
lateral held by it for tho in<'ebt«dKR»c of i'flrlrarjf) * Coinp<Miy, ^hlch 
th« plaintiff undertook an-I promlHed tc 6a, id Jigrr.cd It rould 
perruit tho defendants to han !!• sai^S coiiatcrfil as they pa*' jit in 
disposing oi th« inarch fui^^ie* represented by It; that thereupon de- 
fsnlants maie, executec! an? d«livered to plaintiff a prowl aaory 
note for said souount, bearing date karch 2nd, priyabl*? to the crdor 
of plaintiff and secured ^ certain collateral d«8srib«?!i thcroin; 
that therefor defend.ante were forcoi to and had pal'l tip s-uk. in 
th« n«>ighb©rhod of $50,000 on account of iritftrest mri principal 
of the EaLU not« an-l renfmals ther^ef, which -sere axscisted un ter 
th» saia«> ecJDditions ruj^ on eiecoimt of thf« ti'.mxsi threat-; rurji promise* 
as tb0 original note. 

That the iraftB, bills ef lai(«, ing, shipping ojiners and 
warehouse receipts h^l-i by plaintiff as eolls.t«raa for tbt» Indebts^- 
!i«*aB due it from Perlifian k Coispioiy, r«pr«)Se«ted large ^juantities of 
raerohaii'iiae amd foodstuff* which Pcrlman & Coffip»my had eauasd to bo 
shipped from th@ l&ilt«d ^tutes to Europe anv] ^ero then in storage 
in warehouses in Great Britain, Hollfin-l, :i8njafirk, hox'Wixy ^jad Ger- 
aaany, and were salable In uiany pfitrts of Europe, DefeuTiants had 
relatives and bualnesa connections in Euro-f and partioijilfirly in 
HolisBQd <mi Oeraaixy, who were equipps^d to car? for the jj&le of 
sal^t goofis; that -Jefenr'.ants at onoe proee<?de'^ to arrange for the 
Bal« of the goo'^8 through their relatl-res wtiA husim^as aa«oclate», 
an-i -ll-! arrange therefor ««;! -li'! maks; certain sal**!?, but the plain- 
tiff, though often requ»at'»^, wholly rf>fuB<?l to turn ovnr to defend- 
ants the <!raftB, "bills of 1 iHng, shiTjnlng papers or war^Vouse 
receipts, vhich evidenoed thft title to sail merohan 'ise, and 



<!' 






•tae km XJi^'m.e^ \Jitismba ,hm£tetl ^MA^ktHL tm$t!ti art^itini^iiiii<!U)t»^ 
«iiitiSiikH9'tJS« '*t^iiiv9tm*t 9ttH0i^ 4}i^fi' "^*«* 



refu8«Hl to oarsalt the r<"ore«er4tatlT«» ol' defendaut* or proep«ctiv« 
purc^sijers thftreol* to withdraw aamplos of aaid m«rohaii.ii«« iron 
th» w&r«>iouBe whor*»ln it ^a« atorac!, an ^ rwfunofl to poruilt (lellvery 
of jn(»rehnr;''l 8* ?!i' vMch 4*f "n-'w-nta' r««T)re»ffTJtatlv«« Ufl <lBTJoa«, 
^in-* T>^r9ly<tp^ in k««'olng t>:p 8r\i<i H*rch5jn^i»«i storel in wa):ehoue«s 
an'^. ii.n'er inP'jrsirico r*rid ot,>:«>r c>!arg««, which atorage, Inturatnoa an<l 
oth«r chiiTff^R wpre (jreatly in pxc^nn of tfiO^ss s'or wVich ttie rcpre- 
eentativee of th^gw defen<-iisint« coul4 have obtained th« servloe; that 
the r»lalntll'f n«r«r tu^n«»fi ov<?r the draftc, bills or lading, chip- 
ping papers and war^houise r«c«ipt«, arv'^ that by reae&n oT th« con- 
duct of the plaintiff in t'naee resx-secto defi?aia*ita were wholly 
pr«T<snt«*(i iroK :1i ©posing of the m®rchiiiB:Ki8«» aucn of which had 
become «poiied iwd wotthl«0« arid the r«fii»lnd«r greatly ii«!prociat«d 
in value by r«"aBor. of beoonJLng a^©d fiir»d st;*!© :mi by reaeoR of mar- 
ket oaniitione sua! th« fluctus-tioni in and depreciatioa of foreign 
•xchange, ssnd particularly of thf» German ,M*rk, •■*n--! «ai i marohajidiB* 
h«<5 become wi alaao»t total 1«^»9; th«t h%;l it not h^m: for the fail- 
ure of th»» Tilalrtiff to koep ita said proisise, laad© at thf» time of 
flUT* A» p«art of th« MaKing of th« note first ^ibov« ^.«»oribB'1, d«f<«a- 
»nta eoul-l fsn-i woul<! hay© fJijapoee^l of »ald m^^rchaniiae for ^.. mxm 
g:r«atly in eitceaa of 1100,000, 

It -wftB further averre.-"! that neither ief <??vlm.t8, rior 
*»ith«r of thREi, had any financial lnt«»re«t in or conn^ctioE with 
fieri ana & Co. 

There io no doubt of the rule of law which should have 
been applied in ^at#rjaining whether the oauts© atso^ild be Buhraitted 
to the jury. If there wae any evi lenoe when couaidered with Jill 
ite inferenoee in the meet fyrcr^tle light for the iefenflante, a 
jury might reaEonably find in favor of the defen-tantB on a material 
issue, then a sietion for such an instruction should have been 
denied; otherwise, it should have been given. Libty. A.a;.elll lc 



htm •dsmrtmnl ^n^toH if«'lifw ,ai«9'tl»iiN>' '%i|i'^^ 
'«it^#ft'~ «xt^ tfr' ttetn^i %tf t*f(#']5aR ,tti|liMi*t:^ ««i;rotff»'rflir f,n« " ::vni9 

■--:■:' iS 



Litihy V. Cook . 232 111. 2C!6; Ballgy t. l-toblaon . ZIV^ 111. 614; 
Stcht»l V. HarghaU . 333 ill. 436, 

The i«l"«>ii.^.tu;t9 oonteni that It was «rror to Inntruot 
tha Jury to return a verdict for plHintltr, becaus<» ther« wae ttrL» 
d«iioe tackling to show tbiit % pvirt oi" th« collataral dcpoalted by 
the defondantt with th« noti»» suei on ha-l Dot bean 'jltbcr collected 
or ri?t«me<^ to th*" flef sr.'^arte by the bark nrl^r to thf bcgrlnninj- of 
the suit. This 4afe{ia« was r,ot a^t up Ir, th« affidavit of ?^i<Tit«, 
an-^ tberfrfore defen'^aritB ^er« preclu'ei froi-! ofr«rlng evl-!«no« terfl- 
Ing to Tsrovf* It. 

It le un<?oultte'-^ly the r^.rl^ thy*t s-!0^ ;* rfjefi^tian i» ar^* 
missltle vu\ ler th*? general isfiu© by way oJ" recoupfiiont , aw !« h«ld in 
uany oas^a cited, auoh as Bia/iegf v. The LHtfi.it er s L^ifes I.r.SjurarJe<i Cp ^^^. 
232 111. 236; Wilson ot b, 1 , v. Mafi» ^3 111. 232; but thia does not 
not relieve the defonlante from a«tting up such 'leJ>nse ir^ li «ir 
affidfcYit of aorits. lyat^isQi a v. f c r t -.tfi e .i.:T o a . B r ew I.b ^ .. , c o . . 163 ill, 
App. 276} Allen at al,^ y. Watt . 69 111. 657; H*rri«ou v. IhaoJca bpryy, 
24a 111, 512; CltKton Co . v. Stilea, 197 111. Apg. S'Sf); kcClin toclc v. 
LaJse J'ore at ilciv^rsity^ 222 111, Api). 463; Oe^-^nr.i Xool G^. v. Crown 
Eleotrlcal Kftc. COf . ?19 Ul. App, 3>;,_ 

It w»» not necessary in th© firat tntt^irce for nlnintiff 
to ftffirrstlvely prove that ths? proc«p'5a o^' th*- collateral ha'? heen 
aopllft-? or; the note or thmt tho colljsitersl !««po8it<»fl vrl th the nett 
ha<1 heejn retnm«l to flefendants, ^b stefendonta 8e<iE: to B«ppc6», 

Defer,-? ant a cite fc-«:uf 'ict-jrera a|;iite Ba^>k v. AM»rl^gS 
Surety C9. . 33C 111, App. 474, 'mr? Hockl'or ;? fcet h1 3p gq la ity Co . v. 
Weater, 534 ill. ^p, 260, to the point that auoh affirmative evid- 
«nce wa-« neeeasary in order to make a griaia f^cie case for the plain- 
tiff. In the first of these ca»«s it waa h«ii t>,at in >m action on 
a bond vhere the laclsr&tion averr« l unnecesaarlly that a notica 
re<?ulreri to be given had been waived by the defe^niant, It vra. 
«aeeaa,u.y for the oiaintiff to i.ffir.;ativaly eetublleh that fact. 



*A<S»f . „|Mlffl|&lf» ,, sull^'jH* ■ fiiOi|t .i|f fe#i»»1t«,,, :f 1|»f ,^|t fill fv W'ltf ^ •■«0'if 1i«f«i.J' ,^• i:it 

« A.^P.,;j?.gpjj':^iaE<Liai^.ffm^^^^^ » rfS?. •»- ii*aa&»»:^ir«,4 «>•**» t^a^o t«"C5 

*«tt #»«!> «iiU 4«<f ;SeS .1X1 £& tSaM -^ ..^a} ^» »Of,Xjty jO«S .XXX se: 

.1X1 $w *a5P.jsj&L«2^.-jJiilJua2ia2S •» -isa«iM^ .•ni-^m 'le fxv*ijrr 
■ '*' *afi*»L4ia!il J^^^ •^«*' '^-^•^^ 'f*'^ .M-iiijI .'^.•siL.fifijiUyi^ js-^* • 

•*■ ... ^ ,^^X^i i: fip<^fe X^jfjt^ l;'xe''£-;^..0?i .fear ■ ■.,^. yJf.W^. 



aa pi ©»'?«'<, arci thi» or) aut'^ority oi' Illlnotg Live Otocit Ice. Cc .,, 
*♦ Baker ^ 1^5 111. ?»40. 

In thw eecoo ^ ca8« It was h*>li thftt In -kr. ruction upon 
a eubaeription oi' stock oi' a corporation, it wao npoessary for 
plalntilM' to prove affirruattvoly thut a call lor psyia^nt juid 
a des.af)-? w«re nsoesaary by rfiason ol' certain seotlontj ol' th« 
Corporatiori ^ct, Ivo such question ?*« wan ieci 'ed in eit>.er of 
these caeos is pr^^sented by the pleadings in ibis case. If 
defendants ijntonded to rely unon tJn^ir rlglit to recoup on the 
grounclB asentioned, they 8>!0uld h*ft.v<* iiiven lue riotice to the 
plftiintiff of that fnct, by 8i»ttiiiK uio th«? d©J>nae in their affi- 
d sivi t . 

?*'« will a4;1, , liow«rer, th&t i^ftiST nm fs^xi^tJfiination of 
th« 0Tl-''*nc«, ■«■« aro ©atiafl*'! that ty.»rc is no «vl>'-Rno(» from wMcii 
ft jury could h'iVB reasonably found th&t imy ^mcH '.ffiVnis© had bftsn 
erstablishwd, even if it h!\f\ bf»<»r. properly set uo in th*? afi'l'iavlt 
of merits. 

It is also conter.rferj timt lh>^ ingitruetion for Tslalnti ff 
ehould not hnve bsen givea because th^re wa® evi.4imc« tfru'liti^; to 
show thiit piaintii'f had b««n neigli. eiit in the ht*>riiiinj..; of £ihipn.*^r:to 
for i'erlKan & Co., and th*t tbd® negligence r^^gulted in loss. 
This supposed defease vrme -iSt up in the as'l'liavic o:i' ja«-r.,tts, ?iii-^ if 
there 'sas an;/ evidwiice i'Tom which the Jury could reasonably find 
that it was sustained was undoubtedly avail riibl?? to the defeHil^inta, 
Watentan v. Clr^k et m._1_^, 70 ill., 423; H-'ill. Adm r.. et ^.1. v, Hoxggy 
«t al«. 34 111, 616; M^^rck «hite Lc^ad Wo. v. ^juahg^f lf>® -^ll* Aj»p, 

4ia. 

It i» 9uggfi8t«?l by '^lefftnlonte that olaintlff «as nefrii- 
g«nt In failing to ^uroasistly submit in at ruction??, ag r«tqu?st*?i, by 
its eorr«8pondl«Bt bswike ts ispu* saKplae of or^SiOlities; that con- 
«ir^.e»»a ver« urifttl® to give nuoh orders for ssuspling ani inspao- 



'- vi ::'V^'^'%# <tt*lfiJt« si .lv»f»J;o«^ i4i«r':ttA' jtolJ-nAUfi!' cioirii evil'' ' .^<»»' 
ai ' mtha»t' •9tmbl^ tmflf'mtf^0^ f «^»»(tf ntvia m*€ •«*.. 



tion, tut eY«K if it is concede 1 that th'-rn is s^oan? evi4ftiic« t«nfl- 
Ing to shoir negligence in thia regppct, th<>r« 's not a •cir.tilla 
of •■vi'!Anc« ten Un^y to «ho» that any anch nagli^ftiio** cauted in- 
Jury, or a eclntillR of eYi^fnc* tsn'^tn - to Bhov th« ?wfiount of 
<lataage», or sjfjy haaia vhatnosYar fo^ t>t« %e»9n9X'mt of dnucsgee on 
aoocunt of it. If ther? ir, any s\ic>i ftvl 'flnce in t>'P r«oor'^, the 
d[«f«n'i:int3 ha-TP f/iilod to o-jlnt it oat, an-' this court, as hat 
oft^n heen utatfitl, <lo«« not sftaxch thf record to flno evidono* 
upon which it fiiay r«vera«. 

In the orlf-;ineil brief rtef CiLdants complain that the 
trial court exolu'ioA evl;-'.«f)C« t«»n'.!lri;; to «hov th© agr-.y;cy of th« 
oorre8pon:3ent butik» in Hurope, Xh^ rjlin^j oowpliinisd of, 

however, wag not pointed out, X>i(? plvtiatiff in r«-:?ly, suggesting 

they 
a possitle slip oi" h .^).:0 ly , hy dafeadant^y' lii th«»ir r'^uiy fcriof 

refer to pagee 177 snd 1';^ of the abstract, ^^e have carefully 

•atosiine'd tbe»« pages, ho'f^sv^^^r , wil';out fiiaaoYnring that imy euch 

eYirtencQ ^ae In fnot «x.cludfffl. 

These polntB «»litfilnatip'^ , th<^. controlling aui<»»tion is 

whether oral ^Yidenoe was ad£;i8Bihl«3 un ?®r thp plaas of ^«ant of 

consideration an;! failure of it, to sho^ that th«> ori(rinal tOJ^rianty 

wa» to he lisait^?^ Rolelj' te siuch f-ofids as the plaintiff bjsnk Hie)it 

adYSTice iii connection with th<? proposed »hipa«5rit of i-;or.'?« to J-l th- 

whether 
uania, rin-l liis:<?TTi»« oddaxr oral «Yi iftjic* was adsJiSsiia© to show the 

aliege-l agreefcent btween the \>mk mnd PerlJiiuaa Ht CoBspruny ciade after 

the execution of the guaranty that a^^v&iieecventB jaade by -plaintiff 

woul'! ha mdidn witiiout an?* not u»'i ier the }>roYi»ioniB of the /.uararsty. 

Although this «Yidenee appetirs to b« Improbuble in view of the 

situation, eYidenoe tenliiij.: to e;o-w theae fnots was ad&itted sMi 

afterwards strioken, Aa we hnv? siii, th*? question faer« is net 

whether the evlieiioe was triie or uiitrue, "but whetner taken with all 

faYorabl© inferences for defendants, it ^isolost'3 » defense -which 












mi'^, ;.k5 '??,^^-ji:*'A'^i' * *^ 



:'iff^"i' 






Ifittf tX^re't «i*rff JEtl\jt^B«*'a* 



:ia,'etJiT» 



•1 'iioJt#««t?i» 'attlxx6T#'tlft«> uifif ,i)«, 
f^-iiin liM 'r^ I —' ■ ■^11 ©MO 5MJ K 

0Ht lo Wiv at 9l^0^&ift!i} 






'tm •»«*hiv 



• sfOf<*XA 



r » > f; 



10 



ehoul 1 hares been Bubjmltt*^ to thf jury. 

The i«r«ndaiit 00Kt*>nciB ihs%X auc «Yi<i«no« was a-l^ls- 
elbl* upon the theory that alr^ce the ena.ctia«rit of ';«ctiorj 9 of 
Chapter 93 oi th« h«Ti8eii Sitatutea, «ircitle4 Usgotlafcle In8tru;;«ntf , 
It is pereitt*'^ In this st'it? to v^j-y by p-^rol •▼i'l«nc«i th*' r«oltal 
of th^ ccnsl -deration In n ^written ln8trum«*nt, ^hicY It la clHlmed 
coii«titut«»« th»: eon B I -^ ©rat I on for notpss 8U«»<T u^on, Xr. aup-^ort of 
thi«? contention t> *» -l^f^rrlaritB cite S-^^'^j v. y'ayo gti. »t q. . 69 
III, App, 300; ge» York i.iffi IneMrancft Co,, v. ■'In a to n. 69 -111, /ipT). 
47y, nnl way that it b«i.9 b#9n «xT>r(»s:i-ly Vi.^1'! In ^ ;u\ lc;n t. toarriwQP^ , 
98 111, App. 666, that a contract of guar^wr.ty l« •within the tenaa 
of tha 3ta*tutf?, it ia urg^a that ti^e evideiice etriek^n by tha 
cmiTt teiided to prove fsadlurc o i' consideration sajfl waKt of con- 
ftideratioK, as s«t up 1" the* affidavit oi' saaritB and in Uj«s »p«scial 
ple&0, 

A 9t»t«fi;ent of e«rtatii uncontriiiiioted f.-.:.,ct8 wjaloh upp^nr 
in the €'vi>i«nc« will t«ni to clarify the aituation. 

On April 4, 1515, r>lai.ntifl' was? eng^^ed in th© >jusln»8i 
of banking in th* City oi' Chica^g,©, PerXaan & Coatpswiy, h coji^ora- 
tlcn, then recently organiasftd in tbs 'Hnt* of hsn Yori, eontesaplated 
#nt«rlng ir. to certain tranBaoticnw by *:>iio>"^ feo'^etuffa ^owl^ b« 
uhlppO'^ to certain oountrl'^R in Surop«, The Pr??Rl-?ent of f-'crlHian 
* CoBip«cy waa MjKndcl Perlrsan, thtsn about twenty-t*o y^ara of ag«. 
Ha *a« In the service of th^ army, ^« uT>Qn bis lisc. arga th«»r«froa 
bag&ri to t^ft HXi ..cti^a Irt^r^^st It. the aff«ira of Perl^R.-sn &. Comunny, 
Hie cou»?lr. , Aaron Perlnon, th^B about thirty years of iifee, oruita to 
Anerioa from era any in 1914, an i had h»1 eome expftrifsncft in tha 
business of axportiiig. the vlaf an L'*nta,I»ra«l and Morris F«»rli9an, 
twin brother • and uaelea of th*>8e two youn^ men, th«n 11 red in 
Chicago sjad ware there mgt^nA in buislneae mi -vera ^eil u/id 
farorahly known at th© plaintiff bsjnk. 

On April 1, 191Q, Aaron PerlMan e©nt to his uncle 



Q'£ 



.%#-v 9 mu^m^ %^ imim^m ^Mi 9^mi% .t^tif tt**- ^ •■. ..■ au^^t, -, ^u la 

■■■■'■■:>-. l^mtia^iti ,jl'E«Y w»'*t t« ■, . . ,■:.:.._,.-. ,,., 

»4 f>>£0i»'W $'i'isi$nhtm*l <^tl«*» ^tf tap' i<.-.*?i '■•(«< -i ? al*.f-. 



^XoiaM «M »■* *a«e » 



11 



larael at Chicago a nlKht letter, ^Mch In 8u"b«tttfioe etnt'fl that an 

Rll«g«>'^ r*»pr«8entattv« of thn lithuftnlan gov*miH«*nt h'iA th*t iny 

co»^ to t.hpir offlc«» to confer unon n K>-ipri#»nt w>)leh woul 1 ^nount to 

t«Y»rrvl million 'lollaro, nn ^ -inki^l his vincl« to call on I.r, Hubsn- 

atfiin, itiAnagBr of th«» for«lf?n !ej>arte«nt oT th« plnintll'f b%nk, ^uid 

talk thfj HjiittPT oY«r "wltl" hiia. On th«' eaja* int* h(» i^r'^t« a l*jtt«r 

to hi« uricle Israel, «ic-csinc a copy of tb* nii;ht Ir-^tter and .!••- 

cribing in ^letail the propose 1 tranaiiction, Btatinf; that they would, 

buy th?^ sa»*at nni oth#r I'oadalufi'B aii-l tJsat tiTi«> r<»pres*iitativ« of th« 

Lithuanii^ governBwnt woul ! hiv« to pay for thetia aa »oon :i» the g00''!« 

were on th« stealer; that h« bopad the bank woui i ?;lv« an «xe«llent 

report upon imguiry froE WaehtngtoB, ®tc. Isral I^orlinsfi tooi, thli 

letter to iir, Cr^ift, vice-presii^^tit of th« plsintil'f Tsarik, ?»h© , as 

Israel Perlsan tf^stiriea, sal i they ^^-ouli har« to sign a guaranty for 

♦100,00© for th^ Lithuanian affair and ciaile-S in Mr, icCurraoh of the 

foreign ^»part!5«nt. K# saye, "lir. Craft aifl, 'If you «dlil oii-;^ th# 

iruaranty, vtf win finssr.ce tho '^''^1, • Th<?r he s-iave w^ a papor and 

I signed it. It ^aR fni(»'^ out before I glfTT*^ it,** 

T>iis irusraxity la In 'rri tln^ an! ia In wvl'-eno^, ^m<? its 

»at*»rial parts sir« aa followB: 

"i'or value recelvfl"? ■anl to pnatle Periuxan & Company of 32 
Broadway, i»«»T? Vork, hwr«?in?*ft«r 4e8if;riat!H ;*« *Debtor,' to ob- 
tain credit, from ti&e to tlise, of the Gontlt^entJil s»n:J Cosaffiorclal 
Satlcrivtl iJSAiak of Uliicago, ths lai-ipraiipried hstroby requffstp. sali 
Bank to esiterid, fros time to tiuic, to a^xii Debtor euch crs'Ut as 
said Bank jsay d««a proper, '-sjad the uridwrei rxi«4 hpr«by tTiiarstntees 
the full ^nd prompt payK«nt to sai f! Barak at matvsrity trj-' «t all 
tinaes thereaftwr, an-' alao at the t lm« hpr?'iiiuftf»r provided, of 
any and all in lelte'^iieso, liabilities nn-l obi ig.-it lone of evsry 
natare iand kind of said Debtor to eai-l Bank, tini evsry bali^o-jcs 
•ni peart thereof, *hethpr now owing or '.ue, or which aay h»re- 
aft«*r, froia tlae to time, be owing or 'Sue, ?in1 howsoevor b«r«to» 
fere or h«r'-*after oreated or arisinij; or 9yi<i(^r^c@ i, to th« nxtotnt 
©f On« hundred thouean-t ^ no IJoll trs, with int'^rast at the rate 
of Ti ppr anraum from maturity until pai(!; ruitS the uniersigned 
hereby Jileo agre«« to pay In ai 'itlon thereto, all ooeta, ex- 
penses anr^ rs'&senable attorrtfiy'B foes at any tis** paid or in- 
curred in en-^eavorlnt: to colli^ct aaid in;!ebt©''ne88, li iibllities 
and obligations, or &cy part thereof, and In and about -^nf roing 



IX 



-li»*»?f .TA iiQ lUsQ oj" »£©!«» Sin ?■».;: 

"•' ^ - 



12 



this InetruBswit, The liability h«»r'?un*«r «j.h11 in no ^-iaa b« 
affected or imp'Ured by (.ml «:<.!'? hm-ik. is h^r^by 'ixpr^tfly au- 
thorized to :;iui£«, J'rom tiu^* to tlm»», wit!:out no tic? to ii*yon«) 
way sale, plflKe» ewrrpjfi 'er, con.pr eiIbo, r«lea«o, r««*ewfcl, ex- 
tension, in<1ulge)nce, alt«r)4tion, excr ^Ui^ie, clittng.j in, or Borii- 
lic!*tlon oi' any oi' a-d'5 Indeibte^i.ess, llublli tie* an I obliga- 
tions, either "yTort*©* or iiapli*?^ or any ccnti-act or confcriicto 
evi-lpnclng any t^'Tfof, or any swourity or Goll-Ht-sral there- 
for. An 1 the liability h-^reuri-^er shjdl ir; no 'tiee be alJ''ct«d 
or impaired by th ' acceot.ar.ce i\y sai '> tfu.k. oi* axiy eecurlty I'or 
any of sai-i li;r?ebte jii«»9, liabiliLiee and oblig'itione, or by 
sny disnoeitlon of, or fnilure, ni?i.lsct, or ocdssion on the 
part of esd^! X^m»ls to r^ialixe UT>cr: >ny of sold ir; 'fbtolneee, 
liabill tl -T'S an^-' obllr;Rt Jona, or noon nny coll?»t?:ral or ee- 
curity for jmy or al3 of e«1'' in ««'bteiri?'B8, li<<b Hi ti(»8 and 
oblip-^.tlnns, or by any rv5olics.tlen of payoArta or crwrilte 
th*»rron. 3al' Biirk eh'^ill )iav?» tlu> exciu«lv«» rt.;ht to '?p- 
t«frmln# hoT?, ■ii«»n 'm * what apolicrition of D^riym-ntst ani cr^'-iita, 
if jwjy, »>>r11 bp Kade on a«l ' in lebtt" In***!? , li-ibili f, iae and 
obi if;'j.t ions, or finy p-jrt of th<37c. In or^lwr to bol^ the un-^er- 
alftne-? lifible hereunder, t> are shall b** no n«^oe»rity or ^uty 
en th« TJ.-^rt of eal "! Bank to r<?Bort at any tiaie for p»,ym«»nt to 
sai'l Bebtor, or to nny oth'»r pfsraoji or corxyorrttior-, or to all 
or any of said ind^^bte inpsa , liatilitlee ar.d obligation*!, or to 
aj:iy collateral, or swcurtty, or property wh:it8o-»ver, " 

The tfrlttng also expr<<saaly waived dlllg«aic« in col- 

Iftctloij ant^ prenentiRent for payeiexit of ajr:y ci' th*' in '.<»btedne«» or 

liabilitiee and collwt<»ral th«r«?J*cr, i>rovl ?ed that >:h<? granting of 

credit from tiae to time by th-^ hiuik to th<i debtor in itxceee of 

the amount of the gu»r«nty «nd without notice to the BiJi^kere was 

authorij'ed anl shouliJ in no way affect or iispair the ^iuaranty; and 

further «4galn{ 

*Th4» guaranty sbaJl be u. continuing:;., ^toolute vine'! imcon- 
ditionjAl v'uaT'-mty, sjn ?. s>.all r^srain in full foro»? an-i t^fVmct 
until i^itten notice of its r!iseoritl.nuimce B>T3ji be 3Ctu.?aiy 
rec*»ived by wai'l B^vnk, an-^ also until -my sn^t all of wsild in- 
-!©> tedr,<»ei!!, liabilities ^^ni obllgrjtlons created brfore r»?- 
cetvln.'r sych notic* of -^lec^^ntinti^^noe sV^all b« fully oald. 
Th« demth or di-eoisutlon of th^i' nn1erBl:-n«d bV:>v11 not t^srr.-d- 
n^te this f^^rsuity until nolle* of sucb 1«»ath or Uss^nl'utlon 
shall hfiv« been aetna^ly r^^csivad by sail Bank, -sun-i also until 
all of said ind«»bt»^''neas, ltabtlitl«^» aaid obligations er*»at«<!l 
before receiving smO notice sVpin bo filly p/jii." 

On February 37, 19:^0, Ur, Vemon, the ti^sBistwt cash- 
ier of tb« pi ft in tiff bsuik, i*rote Israel 4'«irlBiftn as follows: 

"This i8 to advise ycu that th© drafts, a list of which is 
har^ith enclo»«d, iratm by j?arljwn nn^ Company, i;«w York City 
en the v^irioug drawees in said list iaentioneri, on w iov the * 
baar.ee :\MB US i*«sountB to 199,214,6'?, all reiuain xjaip^iid, al. 
though all of them are long past due. '^.ur the terras of the 



fc»t5?*5T]ti» *< >«lw ftit.ftl 4:x«ii« ■: 

' £)Sl(i(l Sl.SliJ'I.X' '' '■ ."'■^: r. '■--■■ ■ -\ 

■ ■'."fi'P'. ■ at ■ i *■">■■■ - « •'>'■■/ a v; J , 

im. «* Tt-* , • 



6l 



«rt* 111* »!»«*#, »«W ll#i>*6* r .*i*^ J *«;•*« A*ia>i s:" 



13 



guaraintee which was oxocuto^ by you on thp Jourth ol* iVpril, 
1919, and dpllverpfl to U3, ve are obliged to requeot you to 
pay th«» at&oiint 'uft on cai>l drafts (joi 1 w* h"?rt»by ;aal£« d«jaand 
for payB^ent of that amount 3'orthwlth, 

Yours very truly, 

v., C. V^ruon, ABBintiMJt CasMer,* 

Iara«I Perlmwi t*Ktifl»>r! that '^.tin h" r*ceiv«-l that 
l«tt«»r hw w»B eurprlffft^ sin'* ft?!:Tjre«i8e>-l that Rurprluw to Hr, Verr on, 
whom h«» went to ee*; th%t Vernon tolil hlM that ir '.wf^niant* 'lin't 
glT© not«ti, th«7 wo«l ! "hei put owt oi" '^^ftin- 8?*; that th<»y woitl-? clo«« 
them un; that th* barJt «xamin«r was pressing >ils4 for note*, .TUri-l 
that thoy ffiust hare aotsf .I'or th;at 'smount; at that tiE<» th« defend- 
ant* wer«s ljri^«bt'Sti to th« bank on other ifi»tter« ?*« d o^ed money to 
other banics; that at th«! tiise the witness said that he rafuoed. to 
sign the neto, hut that Vernon eai'! that he would liite to f;o on a 
VHcatloi: 'Uid, that hs wruit^d them to coBisr in im-H BifeU the notes; that 
two or three days th«reaJ'ter, the ':*.ef ejtulanta r®tur»"*d to the b^anJc 
together; that Vernon aguin aai-,? that tJi®y ■sfotild cioiae up and put 
thfSis cut of huBineRs, sni that the biink woull not ^.Ive thftc; any 
more money, an.^ after th»t convdra&tion def««'!ar.t« ulfsnftd a note 
!late<1 ILarch S, l©5?o, i-^up sixty "lay* !>.rter Trite for the eum of 
$101,R33, *i?»> ^epositlni? th«r«»with certain coll*?t«»ral rSesoribed! in 
th« not*?. Wh9R that notr bf^-c^Mse -*u« Israel F«*rlJ5isur3. ag»iin euw 
Vsrnon, wlio f^al-i, "Yoij hav*-- rot to rBn«»w thpae not^e if you h;vv«n't 
^ot t>i« Fione^y to pay th^ae:,* To •«'hich Perlstan rt?fill»d that h*? woulrt 
not five th«is another note, aR-'» ro©ftll«<S eonTersation en thft first 
note; whP'reupon the t?.©f«jrir?anti» exeetited anot-oer note -^ve in sixty 
^ayi, yjijr;;'! thie note wtvB fro» ti»n«» to tiae rer.ewed, Ipsb certain 
cr«ditc, iir.tll the t-^o notse sued on were #x@cutfft? iand «i«livRred, 
upoB Biaturlty of *"hioh, thy fin iiicial necfispltle* of <ief ftr.rSante 
having paeeed, th«y refuse*.', to pay rm 1 this suit followo'i, 

Th# or&l evidence t:lv«r. in bsshalf of tho dofandaaJti 
tended to show an agraejsiwit of the? pLiintiff bemk that creUt to fe« 
«xteni«d to Ferlman & CoR.pftRy by tht bank ahsuli be limited to auch 



ex 






lii jb>»<flrm«0e» '£a'{»l^i*l£oe''al#f««Ni' tfl'twtMnii^' »nlil««t(r9l^ «of^.e2?a,to/i 

■9®» nisa^ js«.'iii:it»«f Ip«if«I tifDt •MiiiiIkI iy#«i9 #«??# ovi!^ t 

' ftti^hiSi^1^'1i$'iiiitfM^ii&tt¥m& ' -^fi'^^ etc 



14 



fun<!l« «)• might b? neceepary to Iln inco the Litbuaiilan transaction 

to 
and none other. DolVnlant* teotii'l«d/th« conver««ition» to that 

effect at the tLt&e an-l prior to the execution of the ^iuanw.ty, 

Aaron S>erlBian aleo teetifle'^ to oral t7.onv«r8«t.lona with offioera 

of th» plaintiff "bank, tan Uhk, to shc^ that ^^tar tha Llthu-iunlsin 

deal fell t>^ro«gh plaintiff agrnefl thnt It ^^oul • furnish vo riurlir/an 

&■ Company the fimda i'nv oth^r d«al», iri-1!«»pf»r<-^ent of tho guarajoty an<3 

"Without liability heln^,: incurred un-^er It. 

evidence 
Yhe iefercTants conten"! th^it i» .ch/Wft© aV';,li»niVle unon 

the theory that slnco th<> enactment of Election 9, Chapter 98 of the 
Revised Statutes of XlliKols, er; titled "^egotlahle Ii-jatruKfinta, * 
it in peiTiilselble, us theretofore t^ -was not perslsslMe, to vary 
by parol evidence tht? recital of th" con8i^'er»tiori in iinoth*r in- 
etniBient, wllcli is the eon al'.! ©ration for mi InRtr-jtsiWit aued on. 
On thlB pcint r\efen'-*,antB r?ly on 3jik tfjc v, J^awce t t ,.„, aupra; h ^i? YorJ g 
Life Xriieuraric e .>!^ . v. E aeto nj,, .8'..rg.rS# ^^^'"^ ocher ©asea, ?'7'ile Plain- 
tiff eonterii^* on the authority of Cbica ^ ^o Sash Liei-yj i^^ f r,ctxyrin fi- LOf r, 
BavfP . 19*5 111, 474, that the Btatut* la not applicable to an in- 
etrxiaient such as the guararity which vaa exeeut**(f. betv««»n these par- 
ti*?*. Tbp st'ittitA 9*>f!t^.9 to bf» frri?ne<! unon th<^ theory that a prnttls- 
»ory note ii* only onft r>nrt of an '^tgre^RSMBt , :,m 1 thqt In or'!«»r to 
get thp ^bole agreer.«rit, p'srol •vl'^«*nce Is noees^^ary. On the s^dme 
theory, the reottal of a con si-' ©rati on in a v^rltten rpoftlpt ;:lv«sn 
may yif- varied by piwol evif^ilnoe. 

There are obvious lliRlt-itione to this ^s-jtrlne; other'«'l«e, 
th(j rule -/oul,l be .^jntlr^iy destroyed; rrtifsre, for instance, the 
eoEBi-ieration 1» oontraotual in Its nature, {29. Corpus Jaria, 1169-71) 
or where parol »vtd«nce le offered te prove a purpose U/fereint 
from that expressed In the language of the contract, (22 Corpus 
Jurla 1.135) or -vhar* It la propoe?! to shor that the instr\aa«nt, 
which h«.8 m fact been delivered, shall not hec^^ oper^ive until 



*' 



■ "' ...... . eonsfeiva 

-aiaiti itXk'ije .«esA» -mmii**, feisw «£XMf.-4,®S-t«£l'I •*■ 'SiLJ^MB&JM«BL.Ii!iM 

a^'Si'KS^i -5'' i , 4-**! "xtRo . ■•"*" ■- ■■■*■■ 



IS 



It oar.rot, ^«» t>lrk, >» ssrlouwly cont<»n-'i»'1 tv.^t th* 
«-vl "f^ooa h»re ol'f^rwd woul'< net Tf»ry any of th-» oontraetlon*! 
tarma n-' tho i:u»»-ranty, Tbo oral ?jvi ^.wioe ie to th** «ffi»et th^t 
tho bpuik wae to artvjiric© money to b". upbc! exciuBlvely In the lit^uan- 
i>:5ji dsftl, i"}i« feUtiTaxity, Oifi fc5 «• cofitrary, et'Jttea that th<» del"«r;^*r.t« 
r«queet plriintllT tc ^ivo »ueb crp'lt to P<sr]unftfi & UojaupHnv ga thif 
baoJc Jsay d»«m propftr. By the terrea of thf* writing,- the request is 
lifiiited orily by til* dieoration of th«» baiaJt, iiy th«! oral evidence 
it is Itait*".! to a leal with a sslnglc oourilry. ii' contn-ict* oJ' this 
sort eoul 1 l)«» tbue varie^l, the bvTsiiioBP of the leji lor woul'! be 
precarious in-:39Q4, 

Again, the vrittPr. t^r-'As ol' th«* jjcuarfinty provtd* that the 
ftiaranty ahall b«? « ocntinniiii- one ^m ' »>;JL1. r«ioain in ji'or©« until 
vriitPD notlc<? in ;ilv«n by t.h«» fnaanntora that it shall iswani**, x"h© 
oral <»-<'l 'i«nce iKtr<?'«.c»'i t^K'?'^ to sho%' tm agr-w^t-vent mv>r3»« with n«3irti«»» 
ethipr than the isli??:r.«rB o''' th*-- suarrmty that tb<srcf should b*" no lia- 
bility u^on it at all. It -winl 1 un'5uly e^xtffnd thin opinion to Us- 
0U8R sjn<3 ditttingviisb th« casae citf'5 in oonnftction with this con- 
troveray, rsOBt of ^doh &rs ol' oourec Uatin^uiehalie; but ire .think 
the ^;©Eeral ptinciplea ■which mnn% bp her© applied ^oris pljiin, 

Th* :lei>niants point ont thtit th« suit is not «t>on th<» 
guarafity, bvit upor; th« notes. rhi%t is trsie, sun 1 there ia no Q«e«- 
tion that ur; !«r the statute w«int at failur« or oom?l ?«ration ma,y b« 
nhown. l>y parol teetlsionyj but (Sef eniarits :!o not better their pcsi- 
tion by that ©Tsaervation, for th** ^vitl«r>e«?! »how8 that in connect ion 
with tb« axeeution sin^ delivery ol' th-; lirst note the 'uarafity wae 
surrenderd ujRd certain oollKtersd, >48 agreed, tumed over to the 
(?eff»Ts-j\RtB, vhich was by thwBs again pl©!ge4 aa collatpral to the 
not**. In #a<;v- j?tic0««f«tng esiie rh.RK a n^w note vais driven, thp |»rior 
n©t«^ was surrender #41, plaint Iff giving up its l»g^l rt^-'-ita under the 



HI 



Xlt^feT ftQiol Hi iUajwii XXi4» filM 9tt« a«iL 

•all (Ml ©tf *■/■■ iXHiii^iJ^f^ 

•«0» aif£* if^lw u^^iQi^aa.at> a.;- 

9rf4 "s'- ; I 



1« 



in«truiseriL «hich **.• eurrcun Icred. Kcither the t;usrarity cor ouiy of 
the r,ote« havt> l«sn r^tiirr.e-' to tVr uij'.ictin*, 

W« think tho eviif;nce >i«r?! chowg v?ltliout coutriUctlon 
that ther« w«0 no witnt or 3* allure of oonaiilsration :'or th^ iiotea 
upon which th« suit Is lrou,;.ht, Ul-ja iofQn'Voita o^e.J tha dftbt. 
The jti'i<ment ie juat aiHl it Jc aff lr7s«-l. 



Johr«tor( ^JK* V.o3x?rffily, <^J. , concur. 



ax 



'AtlsMMiif^ 9fM'-ii''yimuii»'i. m%>I »¥<rtii 9$t'c>^ 



& >■ 



,fe»wxltl« •! #1 htm t»tti 



^ 'Vttfx • 









.A,>(*ii,-V '^ 



104 - 30362 

W0MI>3? AND GHILIiI<ini«*S IIOc^ITAL 07 ) 

CHICAGO, a oorport.tlon, ) APF72AL FROM CIRCUIT COUHT, 

App«llant« ) 

COOK coimrr. 



i 



) 

App«iu6., ) ^ 4 1 i./i.-- '" : 

MR. VRSraZim .TUiiTICK MATCHBTT 
DSLITSRSD TKS C^IIlOl? CP TttK COURT, 

Thl» appeal Is from a dcfOre^, dlBmlsBlnf; for w?txit of 
• quity a bill fiied by the co«a|>lBlnaTit, praying th?»t e .iungncnt 
at law there tof ere ent«red ag&inst It, In the Circuit court of 
Cook counlgr, on April S, 1920, for |38B0 In foTor of Robo Mf>rnhift, 
in {tn action on the oaso for negligenoe, might b« declared void, 
set PBide and Tsoatod; that defyndants, pending th« he rini! of 
th« cmiso, might he enjoined find restrained from collecting th« 
.judgment, nnd that upon the final hearing of the cmi&e, said 
ln,5unctlon might be made! perpetual* and for other relief. 

This case, in a different proceeding, has hitherto 
reoeiTed con«id<»retlon in this tmd in the Bupreao Court. Mftrabi^a 
^» T2«),«pe on Ko&pital , 309 III. 187. 

That W&8 a proceeding in the nature- of a amtlon, under 
section 69 of the Prastiee Aet substituted for, but hold to be 
subs tan tiE.lly equivalent to the oonmon It^w cnMt of error cora» 
nobia. 

The ^preme Court in substance held that the return of 
the sheriff could not be questlen^'d in a proceeding of th&t 
nature, and that the conceded faot defendimt w&b a oharitablo 
corporation did not exenpt it fro» nervloe of process or the 
neoeaalty of entering ita appetirance and presenting its defense, 
if sny, RB other oorporationo; th^t dofendpmt'a reasedy, if any, 
wss by bill of equity. 



sa«o& - >oi 



,TH30o ttmnx^ mm jiAm'u. ( *' """■ "'"radl^*t «it »«'«"', oc- 









to ;^t£n»Q ^lu»<sJI;D mii tsl ail itKahi^n bvt^itQ n^oltitf 'd-irefU wjil fm 

tl(t aitl#a»XXeK} (so'x'} li>6ifKl«!^'xJ-a07 Asia l>*aXo^n» 9<f iii^l» ,»8»ft» «xti' 
lkl«c t^tatsio mU lis ^i:?^dd XaaII 9d^ aaqss iatU htiA tiaumi^u^ 

o^Tt«ii4iri Htiri ^jjtKibsaoaiqf ittorelttb a nl ,»S0O «Xrf'r 
iji tfne e a tcnr'; ■ ::t9X«vlL«p» ■<«iXiiJ;#n«*«d'«a 

;»efle>'5-:ib uttl ■^tia^itvt'xq ham *fiH»'ui»qq.3 «*i 3n.r ,:r. > ".'i ■■vvj.:. /■•it 



-2* 

The jMdgauint creditor inaiots that by brirv^lng th« 
fomsr prooeedine8» conplainant oleoted bat«e<^n two rcnedieB and 
is nov bound "by euch election; thnt the 1ssu«b are rea ad.iudloRta 
land that plaintiff io guilty of Ifxohes In th it thio iBuit was 
delayed more than three years fro« the date of the .^udgiaenta 

Theae contentions cnnnot be atuetained* a perty CRnnot 
in lege.1 theory elect between two remediee, where aa e matter of 
law lie hi » only one, n«r cat) iasuea be held to hare been ad* 
^dicsted in a proceeding wherf the court did not hare ,^rla- 
diction to paes en then; nor does equity impute laches beicouee an 
otherwise cUligent litigant hnu delayed hie euit by re&son of a 
auppeoedi^emt^idy pursued in good faith in a court of lav* 

The cotzplainant has here, as in the former procef>dlng, 
invoked the rule l&id down in Pt\r]ce v. Korthweetem U nivfirsityy 
218 111, 381, that a eorporation organized for ohRrlt&ble purposes 
is not liable in a smit in tort broug^ht by one riscelring the 
benefits of the ebarity. 

The briefs of the parties disclose & wealth of tnathority 
upon v»rlou8 phaoee of that question. H e rj o t ' s Ho epi tal ▼ ^ ^'"^fUt * 
12 Clark and F, 507, decided in 1848, fl linglish ^le print, 1508, 
whieh, although followed by a sct^orlty of the courts of the United 
states has cppisrently, in principle, been overruled by the tr'ngltish 
courts in -Vesl ey Docks v. Gibb^. (1866) L. R, I H. L, 945, which 
is fallowed in the later oases of foyeBmn y. Cante rbury (1871) 
L. H. 6 n. B. 314, 40 i., J. q. B. R. ii. 138; 24 L. T. H. li. 385, 
»«* Killyer r , i:>t, Bgrtholomew' s Hospita l (1909) ?. K. B. 820, 9 
B. P.. C. 1, 78 L. J. K. B. K, S. 958; 101 L, T, K. S. 368, 25 
J, L. a, 782, wid the c^aes collected in a note to Henry Reosen , 
Adar. V. Peter Bent .irifrhem Hoapital , 335 Mass, 66, reported in 
14 A. L. R, 563, are cited. 

Consideration of that doctrine Is not, we think, 
necessary to a decision here. 



V,-,.,! 



•S« 



m& ^kyetlv^ ygi tiexU ui^ituiM to^ikk»ti> ittmxfihaf, ^>ft 

mf» 4lm «i;4* *»**^ «* e»ifc.'Ai't6 'jjf'JlMii -ii -t i-ijai^ii-^ /«!£ij- £>»^ 

♦Jwaut^Aw^ ftrf* to frt^b 9rfJ acrtl ««»»^ 0»'ajEfc^ muii e^tm hm\- " 
I" ■'''■■■ 

•fcA vv. .-. ,rv44rf iM- Mini' •* •♦•will' «»»''''*•«'■'' ,f^e •'^~- - 

«ui,fii4a«i90'^ 0«4:><Ai ulngsU ^ltt;:i» s»«£» loia 4«»il# n« «««<; oj aojt^oli^ 

# In uoRjsst.,^ t^lW. «.lf^ £<01^Xf J^ . ••!{ ^GMStiJii i;t!»sliii!> .•iiltrsr»fl. 

««•« .« ,i ,t *«£ i'^ isei .« .n •« ... 



-3- 

In this ^tate auoh a corporation Is not exenpt from th« 
eerrloe of prooftea. It la necessnry for It to pr«»fl«nt ita Aefonae^ 
If It exists. Th* dnClBlon of the ouprerac Court ir th« fomvar 
prooeedlngit is conclusive, we think, upon thAtpharo of this 
litigation. 

It f*llovs that th« controlling; queotlon In this oent la 
whether the serrloe of QtUDroons was aufriclnnt to ^ive the court* 
which rendered the Judgment, ;1url edict ion. If It w«.», theu the 
obiigEtion was upon coinpl&insnt to present Its dc^fcnae in the motion 
of lew, which f tilling to do, unless prevented by frpud, nccldf>nt 
or aietsJte, It is precluded from obtelnlng the relief whloh It new 
seeks In e court of equity* 

The facte disclosed by the «v:dence »ro that the eunsmons 
issued to the sheriff of Cook County on June 23, 1919, It -spas re- 
tamable on the third Konday of September, 1919« The certificate 
of the sheriff of Cook County upon the btick of the euisniions shows 
th&t It ■wae received at S;M p* m, A notation on the autsr-ons ^Iso 
indlCRtee the^t the eh« riff's fee for service was peid in fiAlvnnoe, 
ITie eertifieate of the clerk of the Circuit Court eppei?rs on the 
suauaons, ehowin^^ that It van filed in his office on Jtine 26, 1919, 
at 9:23 a* m» The return upon the back of the »uncon» la AS follower 

"lierved this vrrit on the within named The hinrj Thorapaon 
HoBtsltal of Chior^o for omen and Children, a eorporation, 
by delivering & copy thereof to Fr&ncee Doody, »gent of said 
eorporation, this ?'4th dnv of June, I^'IS. The Preaidtent of 
etld oerpor^^^tion not found in B[y County. Chnrles w. Peters, 
ii^herlff, by Henry >, Langosch, Deputy." 

The ooasplsinftnt contends ths^t the return of the sheriff 

WKB f.3lse, B?)d the ;<«'i;;Tficnt therefore void. It asserts thot the 

return w^e f*»lfte In two respects: (first) in that the st^tenent 

of the sheriff, "the president of said oorporutlon not found In 

8^ county," wEj; fnlse •md untrue, hnd (aeoondly) that the atate* 

ment In the return thctt Frances Beody «»s the agent of tht eor* 

poration -was false snd untrue* 



"*«»l!>,t8i>« thm'^'y^'' *«^)!T<*'»»««f a«t*lr!«/ ,olfe W ©wiXi^lr jfoJtrfw ,v«X %-- 
-•yl^vf.Z .«X«X ♦«» iWtAft it» ^«iJ6Q «-■• Hwo.^i 

4.iill^''a«^:«^tll^#l^/#«i^ tlE'ltt't^^^^ Y« ]CT9Xc »/-< ' ^k'^Wivr^ 9^^ 

' «r.i$qrRy:»rfT ^*i^ adf l)««i;ve ni^J'f?? »rfj «<• #Xiii.- aJtifl- hftV^sft" 

■;. : , .„..:./i «rit .eXv/ - '-^^ii" •>o ,. ai,■!^ 

• t,,: -. ^ » ■'' T"' ' ■ 



-4- 

The burden of proof in both these roopecto w»o, of coura*, 
upon the ooiaplainant. Th« return of the aheriff wp.» prla* fwel* 
truo, and it w. » nocoesfxry for the compiiiinfent to overcome that 
return by offirmatiTO evidenoe, but the mere knowledge of th* 
complainfmt of the existence of tho euit would not oonetitute eer* 
vice of prnoess. h^ Corpus Juris, 798o799; 15 iuling Cnse Law* 
852«853; Uti nitfury .)istriot v« Ch^pip , 226 111. 499, and if proper 
earYioe of proeesQ was not had« oomplalntnt would not be negligent 
in failing to appersr «i»d defend tJ^ie suit. jCoqlmfin y. C'Neill . 202 
Hi. 110; Adams 3t fj g ott Co. ▼» /aien > 310 111. 119, 

;ieotion 3 of the Praotioe Act provides: 

"An incorporntsd ooapRny mey be afsryed with process by 
leaving » copy thereof with its pressident, if he con be found 
in the county in whi(^ the suit is brought. If he ahali not 
be found in the- county, then by leaving b oopy of the prooeos 
with any clerk, aecretary, superintendent, general agent, 
cashier, princip&l, director, engineer, conductor, station 
agent, or any Bgertt of anid coraptny found in the county." 

The aomplftiniimt asserts that thig statute is olcar and 
un^il^iguouB, fsJid thst no service can be h»d upon the ogent if th* 
preailent "can be found in the courtly in ^rtiich the suit is brought." 

On .lune 24« 1919« the affnlrs of th« eoBpl&inant cor« 
po ration were conducted by n bo^rd of trustees elected by the 
fflembere of the oorpor&tion. The officers of the oorporrition fit 
that tiise were Brs. Sara L. Hart, president* Randall I. BumSa 
vice-prenident, Mrs. Kary CamDbell Taylor, aeerctery, and Albert 
Barge, treasurer. The only offiee nnd piece of business vAiich 
the corporation had vtha at the hospital, 171^ %nt AdEunH street. 

The president, Mrs. Hnrt, w»s ususlly in the office of 
the oorporntion only once or twioe e month to sign vouchoro or to 
preside at a meetir^g of the trueteee, &nd the vice -president, the 
treasurer and the secretary w«r« there on those oocusions only, 
Wiile these officers were in Cook c::ounty, neither of them would have 
been found at the offiee of the corporation, except on one or two 
4ays daring the month. 



.jlla?LLj«S3a tftw.tiJfcT*^ «rfl' T:« tnit$9% tiff- «#n«a4«lqat»o tsxti mqe 
•^•B •#tttl^«n0O i^eA blytm liiw twit to MnNi^iitiKii »iljr to iiuttUl^m^a 

twrwiDf .11 jm : !«•* ^'t^x. *»*■ 'Mat<fefH.,. ly ^^.?^A?■.^'»,45^ ,x^Uf^^r 5«a«-«»« 

MiETOt stf m;o »ri ^.t «#'-•■ '■ asi iUt'^ I-'-' - '■' ■"":'- - ■-"'^'flpX 

'■' HOl.taoe ,no^o;.rf»«oc ,-,.■......,;?» ,i»4^o*'ji^ ,X«<|i;i>«^'XQ *'-5.„... ..;■ 

«rf# lit jf/HcptXiO »)ii nft^e hM ©rf sjso .e®iT*»av.|MI #«' ^««o«;inMra»0u 

•.:?iJ?^.y«rtif at iXu9 mi* Jlsmr nk -i^nitos »iii»k bnattt »«f rtsa^- *«ol-tem<t 

.•^•t.liWttiAjEfWft^ .fiat- .t« etJfcRl'ia, »xf* ,«i«'i: •♦►« •«j^ «'-> 

^.-rrsf'.' .i. iiUifea«H^#R»feiB«*« ,*"^'" - .a'is;^. s-xa^w mdt iatli. 

,*©rti'a. Wm ■•*«,»%■ -Sim;'., i*# !<!«»-■ '>?-•• K* .:., «*yto«s wi<r 



-5- 

Purna, the rice prtt-lrient, Icfstlfiert that the mcf tings 
of the dirpctoris v«re usually held 6.t hl» offlne nnd not «it th« 

hospital. The t«8tiinony of Kr». Hart tshowo thet she wna at her 

Cook County, 
hoae ut Chlor.gOt^ Illinois « on the drj the Huamene was Beryed^ 

and thnt she rciaained in Chicago crontinuously thereiifter until 

jARunzy 15, lOX; th£>t it m»,s her ou^ton to loair« Chicago OTsr/ 

Friday and to go to h«r oountry hoao and return to Chioago oa 

the following Monday; that sh^ was In Chiefigo continuouely, except 

for these '»eejc-cnd viRlta throughout tho siuaaier; that Juns 24» 

1919, W.-.8 on Tueedagr* nnd thst on vedneecioy, June 20, fthe pre»ided 

at 8 board meeting of plaintiff oorpor&tion« 

The evidence of the secret&ry, trenourer ond rlce- 
preaident of the plaintiff corporation is also to the effeot that 
they *ere In Cook County &t their re spec tire homes, or office s, on 
.TUne 24, 1919. The seeret&ry remained in Chioi go throughout the 
eiumiier, 

Th© deputy sheriff, Xinngoscht vns called as witness for 
eospl&inant and testified that he aerred the auBUcons &.t the 
hospital of the oompl&in&nt corporation on .Tunt 24« some tiiae h«- 
twecT! s quarter of six »nd six- thirty; thwt he served other writs 
before he got to the hospital; thfit he left hio office about a 
quarter past five, or thereabouts, and ecrv^Jd two or three ot!iers 
before he served this one; th(^t tidien he got to the hospital, ha 
inquired for the president of the corporation asking the operator 
who told hira phe w)8n*t in; th&t he then aeked if there was anybody 
else in authority there; that he did not nek who the president was 
and did not Bsk where the president might be found; that he saw 
the superintendent of the hospital and opoke to her* 

If it is th© duty of a deputy sheriff, under circum- 
Btsnoes aueh as theise, to eesrch for the president or other 
offieers of a corporation before making eorvlce upon other persons 
enufisrated in the statute, it asiat be ooneeded that no sueh atteapt 



fv 



«M;"#.«I' lf»W 11^8 #.«)ilji (flWOtjJ t<SMS -wtfTM 1(1 '%S|«aBlJ^3f/J' »t^? i.X«'t|q««ilf 

^fe»rt«B ««r* «il*sRHUja mii: ^«ft «fU «© ,«lo«iJEJ:X\<|0^-j3i;jriiO fi% 9M»rf 
'"'''- £i4^ntlt»^1^0'te£^ar -<irX««o«aijfn»!@ s^.toldD nl £i«niaj«9'x vcfit l^.iidl ham 

«f<f as3l;f jsaus «*u' sutarl. ft© «»l*«Tt©q"xc« jdrisftiUitI<3[sin& «£t^ to Xu^iqaoii 

«li*f ,XiMfl«|alM< ftrW at imi «** «»i^if?' *«4.t ^imf.' mldS &0v- ■jo'v.'Kf 

"lo^'ijrje^* «il* 3Sli«la£<M fiWil"#.'n»^c-;- ^^ i*W4j ft loss's q *ifJ -sa'i ;.>:.^aiiipffii 

yS^'tfdtKA ttiW ^VtWii Itk b»Atuii -emit 9j1 Jiiiii jal *•««.««• »M,e ssiif ijXwr «flh? 

ajnr ^ttsBM^it^ »dS ^m tfsm^ imt Mk-mi t^^ i^nMi -^,f i-xiK!.t£i» ttl eaXa 

w»8 #«C #4s«tS ;a««»1; 9rf #if®.t£i *fl?»ftt»»^<l «uit sT^aitw HMn ir»n iJib j^tui 

«(itiOa<»,»«| if.**!^© fi«»qa •siXf-'Sflia ,?^ifii«(i e««1:»i(' ti»tf/i%^tep ,b %Q «it9»J;*lV:. 



-6- 

w&(3 made by ihtt deputy uht^riff In this ctxae* 

^■/e do not conutrue the Btututet to r«quir»? Kv-ioh «liligeno«o 
We think It oeulcl not liave bsun tlie Intention of the legljflAture 
to impose bxiy auoh duty. If it w&b tht; duty of the sheriff to mike 
» senroh for tiio precident. hov ftir would it be necesaary for him 
to f»t;£>reh, i^rA for how long? ^ould it b« neoeenary to co ^rch 
through the entire eounty snd in ull the usual places in which 
the president aiieht he found? The rule for which complfeinant eon- 
tends* in view of actual oondltionB in Cok County* "vrould neke the 
serriee of proee»o on oorporntionb in this county »lsoRt impOBQihle* 

*c t^nk the statule »aet "be construed hb dirr^ctory 
rftthsr th^n mandatory, imd thfvt the &«areh in ttuoh c&ee to be 
made by the shoriff for an offictsr of the co por,<;tion leust b« 
left entirely to his diacrt'tion. If the sheriff, in ffect» found 
the pz'«Bid«nt in th« county* and notwithstanding thia» aerred 
another, it might be that such s«jrvloe« if propfirly questioned 
by plea in Rbetestent would bo held invalid « but that situation 
is not disclosed here, it appe&ring without di&puts that the 
president v&s not s(.C8GS;»ibl& at the pls^oe of buelnesa of the 
eorporatien* 

Coicplit^inimt cites Ad^s oc P^riott Co, v. Allena nupra . 
that WRS a Q&sm inhere a corporation* hiaTing its office in Cbio^ii^o, 
vas sued outride the oity and at^rrlce had upon ^in agent of 
defendant, the return fulling to atute thi'it ^e provident was 
not found in bla county. That otise, as a aatter of fact, tumod 
upon the question of iil-ieth«;^r tha bill alleged & meritorious 
defense. It was conceded thiit the rt;tarn was sub,1eet to attack 
bea&use it failed to st&te thnt the pr€«id-:^nt was not found* 

Cairo k Vin. -« « Qo. v. Joiner, 73 111. S20, it 
also cited 1^ the complainant* The return th^re stated thnt the 
president did not reside in th& county, but failed to atate that 
he oould not be found there* The oomplainaat also relies en 



«iiltlie-itl£U- sxt 1.lXriiA& "^mfftii Ml"ieif »£mui .ejnr 

«teWw fit »*Of*iq Xfflwsifif «iSi £ii» rti &«« ^gf wiafW* *«jtt «•«••'■.?' s-f n »f irtrfi 
wfc^ «^«iaa; feXifcw ^-i^rriiow' :tf»o» et aatel^ ifcrresi iatitsje lo wwlv «i ^Bba^ 

■ «J#. #«ri* •i'r.i^elJb ^jfOfillW ?iiiJ;Ti?a«?<Sfl ■..,•1' bssjoXo^i^ ^»rt aJt 

^^^4. !»&« .iX2 ST ^^g4oT^..ff.V,,.,qO ..?v..,^; .^j^j^Y ^ j^;^,.., -. 



iiX, L. A, T« A _H« R* R» Co. v . I^rfie ^r, 47 111. 38;:, a o&«e -arieing 
under a forauer titatute* whioh required tlie aheriff to chow in hit 
r*tum thot th« president did not rcaidr in ths lourty or vii%9 
ftlsoeijt from it. 7h<s r«'tum did not ahoiw thoi^c T/aoXz and waa^ 
therefor*?, held inaufflciient. «'e do not think luvy of tliftoc 
Q'^see applicable* 

MorooYwr, if #*» «onc©ded thle ccrricw in this reapaot 
inaufflclant, conipliiinnnt had on »de<iufi;te and ooraplett- reaiec!^' at 
law "by way of snterin^j itK »paoial Rpp^eriince »n<\ filing j> plea 
in abitement, st^ttin/ii; wp the dfifeotiv© a^n'Vio©, end «inot it neg- 
lected that reaae^y it ia, w© think, not entitled to obtain that 
relief in n court of equity. 

Comj>li\in»nt furthor ?Jont«?nda that th« return of the 
sheriff waa false in thi^t it stated that yrano^o Dood^f wag the 
agent of the defendant aorpo ration. It ia urged, «5,nrt rightly we 
think, th©t an agent Of r eorporatlon, within the meaning of 
aectlon 8 of the Practice Aat, laust bo •>ne fsuthorised to re:pr«8«ttt 
the -sorpo ration by ita oonBent and, in somf* ^npnv.ity, fiuthorlsed 
by its ehisrter. It would 8««k in Justio® thnt the a^ont upon whoa 
prQa*?83 Kight b«j sservod should be one whoas duty to th« ';orpor»tioa 
^ould be jmch aa would ro<^lrs hln to report such seryioe to hio 
superiors. Apparantly, agsnoy for tho purpoe® of the serylee of 
procaas c&nnot be oreist«d by estoppel. „Squ iitsb3|i<9, Produo^j„, A ■^tgok^, 
j^xahaqjig V. KK-;f9 M 67 111. App. 460, snd B.-?trn3rd t. 3.& If. ' S» Trfi gtion 

It is sllegad In the bill, and »draitted in th« -ma-^er, 
that ist the tliae the suaraona in lucstion ■vn>?. eerred ?rs«o«M 
Doody wee the night ouperTisor of tha nurees nt the hospit»l 
coBduoted by the coasplaincBt, which r^s thiR only place et 9?ttich 
it conducted business. The dei«ity ahsriff who e-'rved the suisB'ono 
teetlfied that ?r»jaeee Oeody w«e at the hoepitsl Ik unlforw, end 
th&.t ehe was pointed out to hia by the telephone operator ee the 



^••\ 



Sn.Nirm iwiao jt ,S«S Ullfk "3!^:^?:?^^ '^.'^x *^ ,*R.-».H ifr, »f„ »^...»y...v^ - 

B^^ t« flWli^ft^ .«|flt.4l'«N(9^. «M9*«I>0 liSlfrf"?.!/*^ :*tmtltHlqiil<iD 

m x^^Us^i htm ^fimvf. %:l iil .ttoiiwT<Hti.©& ifmhnn^S'fi wf* la ^n»a» 

jEftirfw HOQjt? ^itts» Ril* rf-aii* aoi^tut ft l isa «Mi >X*fO*' .^laJfo ail ^<f 

a«jy'sic«t'£ao sett o# "^ttii endibr »n« •< bXtfOfis kmi-i'i.' &^ .^li^JUs ««£'&oiq 



.8- 

nitilii. nuperinteniant. 

..vitienee which did not oonvlnoe the ehanoellor, »)nd 
which uoKS not convince tt«« »»» ^jiven by france» Doody and othera« 
tending U show a Xi«itr tion upon her authority f^t th« hospital 
to Ui it of beolng thet nuraoB Or.rried out directions gjyen lay th« 
phgr*ioianu xiuring pe^tittnts there* 

The super in tend ent w « Mis» llinzie* ^>he wno pr«eent 
MheiJ ihe deputy oherllf app«ared tit the hospital to serve th« 
«u«tu>nte, end he atteapted to s-ceure asrvice on her, llhe Adroitly 
ixoiscd hfcreeif for a few minutee «nd foiled to return ns gh« 
proaiswd to oo, thus sivoiding ««nriee. Sext morning when MiBc 
Doody h«T4a6id a eopy of the sosmons which had h6«n served upon her 
to Itiftffi Hiaaie, iilan toody w&st upbraided by MiSB Hin?;in for per* 
Aittins the servioe to be made, and Miss HinKia, superintendent. 
to&Jc the copy of the suoumne «nd tore it upm 

*here ie evidenoe tending to shd"? thnt sfh® gnve the 
inforjawtion whiaii in th-e former procssdinga led to aw untrua 
avenaeat in cojapiaxnant'a pleedings that the f^ct of ©ciTice upon 
Mies Docdy hi>d never been oontsanicat^^d to ti^ sup® ric tend (»nt of 
the hoepited. kxB& ^iinsie wa& not produced a@ @ Kiritnese* and her 
fesT&iiisnce in not. tooeountea for in any sntisf AOtory way. 

The coiKpiBinant air^.B evidence, «Siioh if feecepted, irould 
lead to th«i ooncluBion th&t Mitttt aHinsie was responsible for the 
msAitgestdnt of the hoepital. both d^y and night, but the reasonable 
inference frojsa all the f^videnee is that Miss Hinzle h&d general 
charge during the day and Miss i>oody at night. 

It requires gi tisf «<ctory evid«ne«, and ueui^^ly nore 
thsja aw3 «;^tneea. to overoeate the return made by the sheriff in a 
Ci5 >;♦ of this kind. Marnik v» Guaaelt . 317 111. 362; Hivar d ▼• 
£ur;^|j8|;, 39 111. 1*<26« ^ee also Caj^.ro 4 ^t. Louie ^^y. Co , y, 
Holbrook . 92 111. 297. 

Miss 2>oody w;;8 employed by the complainant snd her 



bsiM ,:ToXX»f>tt«ife ©.';/ ¥uftiv£ujp sm>i a.ifi ni-'ism tttrm'air'k 

'•V-- -safe ««>i ersftrf^flnt at S*Xiet Itiijs »»*««!« w»t M'tVti'-tMdAitmi &»«*»,.: 
■ ;■ '^-i:*''^ ^i*i"-4i|w $i tntia hnn «ix«!im»« ©rt? f Tf^fao oft? 

c.ti'isijr #« "^oveCi «.«ii| itmi ^^ fuij ^i^Mn ^is^tpd- 

'"■'•*▼ >f>'^„«^ M»®--^ '^^ ^ oii:«;> »«Xr ,affi .XXJ (fC . 'TMtfca. .*.. 



-9- 

eetlAiry of ^150 por raonth rma paid liy eonplninAnt. v» hare no doubt 
that hor dutit'.; wr*s such su to include that of rrporting tho »er- 
Tlce of »uBu«na to her sup** Horo « This the eTi<l«»noe ahowa eho did. 
If ooaplainant thon rterired to rai«i« the question thr t MIbb iioody'o 
reltailon to tki'3 hoapltal w»h tnich thnt she ooul'i not "be properly 
served *a ila sgont. It ottuXd Hrts don« so Ijy onterlnc o npaolal 
uppert^ranos aril rilin,? 9 plft» in abatesent* and this would seoure its 
rights in th.,1 rf er>*et. Muvinje; a full »nd ooatplete r^mct^ »t Iaw of 
vhioh it fulled to cvt^il it^^^lf* It is now pr«cludf:>d from obtaining 
the Astmti rali&f in ft oourt of pTuity. 

GhHrltJ»blc CO rpo rations, whatever their ^sriviiegev, are not 
oxeutpted whan suit is broujtht froan the necessity of pres«tnting any 
defenwe whioh they wsy hpiv« to the proper foram. They «!iro not 
«!Btir#ly above the lav. 

rJQ hnvrf not thua fs^r diacuaaed th« q[uefti©n of «»h«'th«r the 
oubje^ction of %hfi ^vnp^rty of eoarolainnnt to the a-- tlRf action of 
this Mig2i&nt ?.hoali not bo prmittod b«t}«us@ th?^ Bi\me i» held in 
trust. i>.« thirk the polution of th«t question «»ould neceeserily 
dopsad upon U«» nature of the trust. £'o»© of the property of the 
ooiuplbinjuit jasy b* held upon trusts of aueh nature na would preclude 
the Sii lief action of th* ^ufJgnent therefrom. ?e do not thinlt th/at 
question X£ b«rorf ijs. ^e do held thst defe«d»%nt is entitled to the 
bentslit af li^r 4vidgts»nt« »nd thnt eomplsinant is not entitled to 
aave it hl-X aitle «r its collection peraanently enjoin«d. -ven 
though all the propirty ifhish oowplcsin^int at pr^^tent hold» should b« 
iield n.»t »»ub^43t to 9x«*nitlon, it would not follow thft it might nst 
s.t aom^ time ^dme into the possession of property out of whioh the 
judgsifint of (iefendont ivenld properly be ii-.ti8fieda 

The rtt-crep is ttierr^fore affirmed* 

JehastOB sad Mo^urely. Jj., oonotr* 



ai)tte:*Ai-tf« ' jkt'i' M&irllf*iii «r«lt «1 i^l"wt^«»«*l Xiara ?.? i;aiz.ai ii .fair. 

»xl» ri^ifi-s-tiw lo RCli-^WBp «itf# btS»tt!>8l&■'»*tii1r- 
tM» ikd'V'i^"^^' «J^''#^*"^ ■'■';|i«r«#^'ti»'' t* *tff^ft¥'«*rf^ *??»<?.»? lja»<r'- 



234 - 30495 



S. WARD-irAlJlTOK CCkPAiry, 
A corporation. 



APPICW. ?K01i OII^CT.TIT COURT 
0.^ COOK. COllKTY. 



KIBB.*iRD ;3P::IiC3R B,\R'rLISTT COliP.UiY, 

a corDoration, ' O /fl ? 



BKLIVEHSB TRi^ OPIKIOK OS* THE GOtTHT. 

1?eon the filing o3' a bill In eq-jlty 'oHoed on the 
theory of unfair coiiOr»tit.ion in this sals* of Ghick<»n coopa, a 
prulifislxi'siry injunctiors "waa o'bta.iritsr? ypnn oocplfjinart •« rotlon 
(»ui'' withoiit notice to th« .''iffif ?'rt:!Hnt. 

'live dofcii'laxit sipnesare-; f*ft-? filed an --m .^war , 'which 
was eworn to, aurid ir.^de » motion tc dienclv© the injuiiOtion, ^Mch 
wae granta:i, 

Defsm.luiit thee filed sug.-.'SBtiens of ctaufiajiea, in- 
oluding solicitorB' fees ^nl th© cost of certain photographs ^ 

^rtileh was incurred in conneotion «ith its motio;. to disoolTft, 

Th« court, al'ter hearing the «»vidence, assfSBsod the 
dauTjages at 11068.%', t*nd oomplainoknt by this appeal seeks to 
rsverss the nri^r. 

Upon th« hearing solicitor for enmpl'^lnajtt testified 
in detail to the services performafl hy hins, stating that frori thp 
ISth of Ffthruary, 19^5, until the ^"jth of ?el)T^(4ry thereafter, ha 
sp«?nt practically all hia tlr;s on thf> m,-*tti*r, im-i that the sum of 
$1,000 was a reasonable chargs for the Irvfrai 8«rvlceB r'^nvlered in 
that coBKfiction, He jh^b corroborate'! as to th'* rwaBonatlcness of 
the charge by another coaipctfirt .^.'itness. 

The solicitor for the def^^n-ilant tofUlfiwd that in 
his juc^paent a fe«9 of |:^0 to 325C wruld be a fair and rsasonahle 



fiuor. - H:'-i 



i . 



■'' :.:t^'^ V**' J^-'"'"'^ ■•*.'" ■:'''>"'■ .»,'■'■• ■■ 



<i-t f7«'.- /■" ',y'i;^'!Tt''y r'-'/T 






'joni/tK 






aO'aiS MAV 






. r- >»,« ... ,f i 



Itn aur- 
al 'fe>»T«»l»eK»"i «»©ly5#5< 









?&a»1i>^ 



a n'X 



cV!arg«, ajifl h« w«,a also corroborated by h witneBS, 

The chancellor exoreHsly found that th^ temporary 

Injunction ^ao wrongfully Issuei, nn-^ that thp fair an'! rwaaonstbl* 

ily 
ch».r^«»for thw I^rhI 3<»rvic«B nfro<?8car ' rTr-^ftro-l by 'l<?f«n-'ant '• 

solicitors in pr^scarlng dlRBolutlon of th(« temporary in junction, 

waa ^1,0''0, -j/j ^ that i1«fen''.ant snade a n^c<»f>8arv «XTieri-^t t^ire of 

$68,50 for th«j cost?* o'' th« «»xhrbite retftTvfi to ii; the 8ugj);e»tlon 

of Ja;:c;a(-;:fiti, 

Thfs bill of GOicplalnt an -J the answer have not b«en 
abstracted, but coaipiatnfUit Btates in his bri«f, 'xh* law on thie 
•ubject coiil ' be fouK^5 in a;, hour or two by •«; lntellif.i»'nt law 
clerk," However, in siTldavits nudw by eolioitorE i'or the conplain- 
ant, racking for extension of ciaio in ooimeotion with abstracts ♦md 
briefs, the aolicitare h^ve «t&ted, "Xhc? rwcori 1b a volumlKouB one 
requiring the study of ajuoh riettill," 

In a !sattt»r of thio kir^l the' aziount of aciicitora' 
re«e woul<! dei>«i«! largely ox- the aiftonut involved In the litigation 
ar.f* th«» isstjortance of th^ qupntion to b« deci'?e<1, &b well as the 
ajBcunt of aotrmi eervicefi p«»rforme^J, 

In the abeenee of nn abf>tract of either bill or 
•nswer, thin oourt ie ntst a>;lo to aay that th«» finMiir. o'." the 
chancellor, who hear-^ the evliance *in'-' considerei both bill ^mi 
answer, la manlfcetly incorrect 'i^n •- thft order will tlisrefore be 
afflriaed, 

AFFIRMTiB. 
JohriBton raid kcSurely, JJ. , oonour. 



vXi: 
■L*i^i«Bfea«"l»l> t<^ i^Ot»f>f»»l ^t«8«»©»« tt««|<rE<»S X«30Jt «^f# 4®'i»l|i:«rf4| 

»««?>«ia*ft 'So 
%ljiit (f» i»»4 ,fj<«!*j j..|,,'!^i|l(f, tJU^.,!!! iifitiil;* ^*flfi»j 



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.eSTEJlI'S^ 



396 • 306S9 



JOY liOHTOH. ) 






{ 



GOOK COlfBTY, 






Ap'*lXtm\, 



I g/i. 1 T,^, 6 



DSLIVKR?!) THK OPIHION OF THB COUHIP. 

By tliiB appetd the dtsf en«iajnt belew se^ek© to rGVerae 
An ordc^r entered fey the trial cotirt cionying Use aotion of 
(ieef«ndsnt to yacate a Judgajont th^rfetofor® ftnitrcd by confeaaion 
egainst dtrfendant tmd in favor of pitiiatiff under powar gr»Kte4 
by the terssa of a written leuee* 

lh« lud^osnt in (lueation wt^a entered Jan« 11, 1925* 
sn4a Including attorneys' f»«B, «ne fot tht^ t&ttil bum. of td^5. 

Th» defendant, ap?»el.iHnt, in nug-ert of YAs laotion to 
v«iO«t« the luiigaent, filed an affidavit in whieh he set up tiifct 
ixe had knowledge of the f&Gt» Mad Twiieyed the defendant had » 
good and jsaeritoriouss defen»« to the vholcs of the plaintiff's 
desBjiindi that the lef<iae upon vhieh jud|$tB«!nt mu& entisred contained 
provieione to the effect thut in o&ae of injury by firfe of the 
ae^mlsed preBalsea* ^r any port thereof, the lessor should h«.ye 
elxty daya in vhic^ to repair an J re & tort tJac sftae without 
tenaia&ting the let^ee; thet if diuring tlie life of Xhe lease 
the pre»i8e» eaiould be so injured "by fire r.t^ to "be unttnan table, 
then unleae s^vld injury be repaired wltiila sixty dr^yc thwreafter, 
as theretofore spealfied, <'ither party thsx-cto, upon vritten netlo* 
to the other p^rty given not later than oeven-^ daya after tlio 
fire aiis^ht tem&in&te tixe le»ao in which Ok&e rsnt should Tati 
fcpportion«'d and paid to the d&te of euoh fire. 



^p 



♦ KPT//..' 



i:9,'^:i'lf§ 



.JTffJttXI*- 



rtmsi'sm mi^^AK r;7n:ai.:;^rrt .«« 



*.' 



9e«$'»X »i& I0 •111 Ai^ nni'-" 
»c<' ifr.4XK»jiii ^tttti «&«iu £is>lih 

,»t11- d9u« to »i"..-:i lids Oif J!j|j9fl b.ta i>'?«<*i.t '■ •' 



fhf affiduvll further elleged th,«t Buld premlowe vftr^ 
eo injured by fire ao to be untenantsble on Marc^ 11th «nd 12iist 
A, D. 1933« and that by rr^^Bon there-of the jsnld defendant, tti* 
C«ntrfikl Preau frlntlne Co., wf^» obliged to and rtiti. reiiiOTf» its 
printing eetablishBent stnd office therefroja, thnt inmeA.if>t9lY 
follotrlnK 2:»ld fire dfffcndMnt rcfiw«8ted plaintiff to restore the 
premise B within sixty dtnye eftcr enid fire to the erjnc condition 
«» tiie preisiees vero prior th»rrct«, Ijut the plaintiff negleot'sd 
*»nd fsllsd to -^opnir and ret torie tljie aej»«, sad thst thereafter 
and within i*«»Yenty days after .h±& fire, the <Jftfend?mt gaTe to 
the plaintiff and his fx,«;cnt». Hoes 4b Coiap.^ufiy^ written notice of 
the toralnatlon of a&ld leaee* ae prorlded therein find offered to 
pay Bueh ^osount &s Might be due und&r the tense of tald leasee up 
to the dst^ of sfild firej th* t the notice so glY«n vrs Bont by 
United v'tsitee jsbH postpaid in an envelope addressed to the said 
Joy Morton and Ross ft Compiir^, -^t the of iae of ^osr k Cnmpftty, 
»i,5entB of the pl&intlff end the effid/iTlt sets up said notice* 

It la further feverred that d*f«ndf<«t w^e not indebted 
to the plaintiff In t>ie msm of IS35, or ut^ other » !» bryond the 
bAount thut laey bt due under e&ld IftaHC for the period from tho 
first fid^r of JiATch, A. li, ISSS, to the date of uftid fire,, being 
the 11th dry of linroh, a. d, 19C3, ^ich euu d^fendiant w<^s willing 
and offered to p«y to the plaintiff whentitrer and in such manner 
80 ^*e court Kight direct, that the aiotion t4? ▼neate said .judgment 
»nA for le^sve to plead end defend said suit ws=» not awidej for delay 
but that Rustle® Might be done. 

The Isw £9,^1 fig ble to raotione of tMs kind has been oo 
often Bt&ted thft it ^wuld seeai to be unneceecury to rentate the 
SQM^. fhff jjffi iRVit in Buppoi't of eu*^ a saotion is construed 
ffloct Btrongly sgadnat the plender. Chle<^;£0 ^ire Proof ^,Co,, et al . 
'• ^g^fc K(Htion»l Bank . 145 111. 481. 



'"i«^.<;r ,ji'K»jsifi»t«fi» i^M* iui^ imTLtaii n&^^iit ygf it»at baa •<'"''' . 
«#i **vwi»t fci«^ imm ft* l!>9slXrf8 *»w •••0 8nJt#iilT<% ^ir 

1« .»8i^9n a»^#J|^ .<i'':iaK:a<^^ tft »B&r ^a$a-i-^iA «jfcxl Jbj»» 'itiiifi«X<{ ecfaT 

ie<f . #!!«» e«w tmvJt^ »m 9tiiJt«ii «tC# i<!*£l^ ;t>'ill; hl^a 1« «#.hI> dtin^ rr 
!bla9 9iif iiS b^fiu^^thiit 9iii>l9rtt^ tut, al l^l»^^&si^ llaBU %$#4^v £>»;tln 

;|pl««f:'#>,'!Ell *4«e-. »«.»#«*;, «it^ «J? v-*^*?- . ' ,{k>i'ii& 'io \',aii tail, 
laiiXiw. »:»» ismbml^b mm. Mki^ ^SK^u.' ,«ioiM>5S lo v,.il» il»ZX mi.- 

1g0X»5 «#%--' iMMI«I t)M« «4«rt^l«ni l>ij3« fejS8l«^ t>«t« l»£. .. : I^fZft 



-5- 

If the t-ffldeTit ohowas t, gcod Jeferre n.n6 tlir-t th« 
defendant wne not n«gligfnt, tJie court ir «!;;,t.rci. p of v. ^ound 
discretion should c«t ooide the .lucigmint Mid allov thr <;aBi- to 
be tried uptea th« merlta. HullKduy v» Un-Jerwooc! . 7?') Ill, App« 
**• O ettlniLer t. Lcyitj 186 Hi, App. 10 S, 

■.ite think th« ij*fid;.vit here ii;t up f;u<:?h <\*-:fi^nnt en 
the Ri«rlt8. 

Th« pieintlix oonten-it* thi<t tJw not.iio, in ncft un In 
one 'f the r;ffi<i»vita, which w^a filacl by d^ferriont in gw'jj'^rt 
of its motion, w&s intrnfrioi^int in th>vt it ^-b ftd IreBsed to 
"Joe Morton" instead of Joy i^rton; thj.t it Ve^rs no i^e.tc ttnd 
th»t there arc so allegutions indicating; th' t tli: trEwr rrt^ erer 
»erT«d, 

In aupi'ort of thi« contention, plaintiff cit«o a nMwb^r 
of easee in which tlui eou.*t xma considering v:4xet>ter the ^^vMeneo 
in these parti oular caaoa wnn sufiioi^i-nt to ahoiF i^orviee nn r«- 
qttirod under th® particular* agreciaenta between the p?;rtio»» 

Hare the quadtion in not ons of eyidono?, Tjut one of a 
proper pleading* It is elementary that it ia ur.n^C'SBSFTy to 
ple£4 the svidanee. The pleading si^ould Btate ultimate fiaf»t». 
This isffidarit does ot&te that the defsndf^.r.t "then nn& nithln 
serenty days «ifter esia fire notified plaintiff cf itn intf^ntion 
to eanoel aaid lease." Ve iihink the aliegt.tion win suffleient. 
It will be tlae enoui^h to wfeigh the evidence when it is before us« 

The plaintiff ulao oontaads thut th© ^ffidoTit trf»j» 
insufficient in th»t it failed to allege tliat -Icfc-ndant pnld 
or tendered to the plain tifl th^ r<fnt due %& the inte of the 
fire. On thia point* the d$fand«int oiteE» ft number of cfuee in 
^ioh the court was eontiiderlng the ennoellation of inmxrpnee 
policies, and where it was held th«it ■before h. policy cnn b« 
eaaoelled upon notice* it ia inousbcst upon the intmrane* 
ooopeiny to pay or tender to the policy holder the uneuraed 



■'tWT*' ^'i^^' -iSftlr* •'»!*► -4*^ :a *itoi/-* 

■i^- ••■■ 

m %»'^Wm'4iilt «»iKa&l»Xr» lit «.«« ^»rc &^ notr'- 

»i«^ #ft»ftn'ii'*»^ ^i®ii# #»»iXA o# J!J»Xifl.1: JH i-4i.rit 'ixl imiat'^tm::-- . 
•rf* Tk© »*«fc icif* «^ 9»t> J-fl^'T. aili 'ilX#a2«X«r ««i* »* J «iftfen»* -so 



«4- 

prsnitua, Yhe diiitinctlon bit-.-oen - oo«trr».nt n-r Intmrnncft onrt 
of a ifiri.fl i« anr3ce4, and hnrrtl/ cclla for 'iTTiailon, 

*'€ (IlO not regard the cassfcic 3itB<^, ?';j at, all nppli»?aT>l« 
to the si tuition preaontol >y the record. 

We thlnlc the -if fld.irit of. laf^nimt n«ft ut» n r'^flrt 
defonae* and that the oourt in the flxoroln? of Its AlBowwtlon 
ahould have set aside the judgMont '3'»nf<?a '*-^d «nd p-'nnltt'sd n 
trial upon the njrits* 

For its fr.ilura to do so the or*?-':? Ih rsyi^rse? and 
th« oau£9 remrndad* 



Johnston snd Ho^tirely* J^T.* ooneur« 






,*£iic-\ ,, . m4^a^ 



h^i 



61"' • '5C)779 



IDA K, CCTB, Kxftoutrlx OJ* ) 

th<« ^etate of Charl-ii K, Coys, ) 

Apppll*?-©, ) 

) Ai'P:!^. ii-HOii SlIPi'iUO'H CO!JHl 

v». ) 

) OP COOK COUKTY. 

K, I, WfilTK, 



2411. 



DEIIVBRSD IHK OPINIO* OF tHTC (JOl^iT. 

Cliarles a, Coye in >;l9 llt'»tla« breujiht * «uit In 
assjui&pRlt ^e t> e a:il««g««? a-ssi^et? IseJ'orft maturity of a prcsslssory 
note aai*! l>y d«»fi9ri'1ant on ^elsruary ^6, 19 "^1, -^h^rcby '^©f*»n<!«jt 
wroHiise^ to ^ay to th« or'ler of Harry I>, JLaBour the sum of *9600 
on l^'e^r'uary 9,B, 19r>^, P«K.i4nft the ftuit ^ilmlntlff '1i#(^, r-«f« l^Ja k. 
Coyo , S9 fljterutrix of bie #s5tq.t.i?(, Tfts Rtilisti luteHl ae plaintiff. 

The lef^r.^-iTit, "htte, rilf^* e^rtaiis fBB»n'ie'1 plean 
'Sili.leh a«t forth in 'l»tall thjj.t th* notf« "sraa ©btalcfi*! t^^rough t:h# 
rwllstficft of defon^aauit upon falae etsiteuftrita of l.ai^otir by »*bich de- 
feniant was <1ai3>,siged to -m ?«M.unt in excess oj' the 'unount of th« 
not«, th« pl«»s sotting up sub »i«inti ally the ilefsnsee oi' '5?ant 
and failui'e of cam i r^.^.r a ti&at vith a .5«»nlril that thw i.S»tal<? of 
Qbarlps A. Coye "wa* ak innooent hoi !er oi' the net*? for T&lue 
b«for© BM>turlty or in fact the owr.er o*' it at %ii, 

R«plioaktion« w«r« filp-i to th<--^»ft i1p%r, this csAjse 
submitted to a jury, nr^^ at th^ g1o«*? of till the s'vllpnce, upon 
motion of olalntiff •» attoni^y, th' eourt instrtjctfti t>i« jury to 
fin^ thp ispuf-p for the plaintiff, wh^rsu^joa a v«*r'^ict ■»«» r«- 
tum^n-l so .''tn-Unj? tha iBfiti«w .-wi-? !a«»8«e?ln(: ?3l aim tiff's :!sw?.ap.f»B at 
th« atjsH of ^1"' ,029.46, Motion*; for a n«^ trial iind in arrest f «»ing 
over-r'jle'l, th^ er?nrt aRt<»rea j« -j'misRt on th« yftr^iict «n^ this 
appeal f©ll©»e?i. 



r i-' 



^•' ( 'K'C AT t-T , !!.'■;> v^>;S" , , , : .: 

aia.A.iii^s 

n.^iauTA4 saiTsift «jii€Imj« .««' 

-* Jjd t« 4i io 19 ^i : -isci' 

#» »*yg; •' ■ '""'' '• ■ 



On th© trtal the plaintiff eallfti a« » witn«»B a 
dftugliter of Ub^?.rlf?» A. Coye» d«e»A«e<l, ^Ho ilentiiied the «ya-:or«»- 
ffient* on the Toaok oJ" the riot« as ti.ose of Uharl^n A, ' Coy« .^.^ th» 
payee . Harry =:. I.ai:our. fih«^ furtv^r t^r^tlfled t.b.U the note wa« 
put tbrow^l' the ^ank at Uran-^. Hapldl* on J-mxixvy 11, 19?.?. and 
bear* t>«? 8t'^*s|> of the 01.1 l.atloKal Biw^k, r/>ylo^ ^afi the lo^k in 
▼hleh hftr father -^ll huslneaB. 'Hie note vae Iritrolncert tn «vVi«*nce. 

The witness fiirthpr t^'Btl fl '"■i th^t; h«=»r father '«t'*<1 on 
fe*brtiary ?7, Wt?4. A eertifl«<1 copy of the l^tt^r* of a'iKlnistra- 
tion l«Btj«-'i >•" ^^"^ Predate court of the Co^jsnt-v of Kent. Michli^an. 
ftijpoln ting Ida. M,.Joye executrix of the l-^ist -^lli m<i i^eUmmt of 
Charlie a.. Coye,. fleceuse^^ was also received in evltf^nce, and the 
plaintiff reetPd. Thereupon the def €*n ^«wii 'was ]?roduc©fi ae a ^It- 
nea« Id hie o-^n fcehalf an* teatlfied that l\^^ resided tr. ETfAKston, 
a»d his eouceel, ohja«tlon heinfj ®ade to ht» teHtiaiony, alKitte*3. 
that he wa« the defen-^atit ir» the cult. 

The matter having haea argued -at length out of the 
pre«ence of th*- .t«ry, the Jury whs broUi.,ht In. iheroLUJon ti'.e 
following oolloauy occurred l^etweer. the counsel nn? the. court: 

*The Courts All right, lrln« o» the jury; r>r<»vurm a lona 

of ■vercUet dlrectin« the jury, 
Ut. Stehhtnai Well, if your Honor i>lea»e. It neoeeeitates, 

I think, of laaklng a recor»1, by siJ*is;irif/ my offer 

of ^roof? 
The Court: Vee. li&w yoxa laay ra*i.ke your proof, Ai.r» Stehbin», 

what yoYi offer to t?roTe "^y the i^itneea ^hlte." 

"n'eretjtino the attorney "i^or th*» -lefenf'ant offered t© 
erey« hy the .-lefffr; lar.t ae » witness that certnin fact*? iW« transac- 
tions occurrsd between the -Jef ••7fi':';int ars'i the payee oJ" the note mteA 
on, Btatlng that t>iere were ao oth^r witneseee to thie traneactien 
except White and Lafceur; that Labour was alverae on ^ decled the 
fsalse represeiitatione which fJef^n^ant now offwre-l to pro^ye, sjod 
that there -wae no 's;itKe©6 hy vriio;*. the false represeritatlons cotilfi 
he sroved except by ■^^i, X. White. 



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FurtVier^ 'l^lVn-lant off pre ! to oroY© by tho wltn«0e that 

Ceyi* w*« not or«»8ent at ory of thf transaoticnfl, •Ofi'1 furthttr to 
^roy* by th» Rwom Btat'^f^cnt of Chfirl*9 A., cJoye, t^-.^el* iti his lii'«» 
time, tVat he fU-^ not olain to hnv* acquire' any lnt*»r«?sl. In th» 
aot« i«5til Cetobflf, 19?3, "m* further to prore b-' the owom state- 
ment of Ch?irl«0 A, Coye in Ib lU'etirtjffi that he waa not an lnrioc«nt 
bolri«r for Visltt* before ?lu« of the aet«. 

Then, r»tumin<4 to anttftrs wLloii defina 'iw^t off«r«4 to 
proYd by his owr. testitaony with rnfnr^noa to- the fiXlo^^^ed f&l«« and 
fraudulfi't rspresofj tat ions ctoncfirntng ^^« C5on»it'.er»tioi. ;or the 
•xveution of the uote, attorney 3©r dftf^ilant offered to oroT* the»« 
aattera in detail, aa 8«t up in the s&.f>^n<\^'\ plea.*, airi further of- 
ferei to prove by written doeiaaertts thsat certalii patent^?, whAoh 
It wa« allfiged hfu! been r«j>r«««?nt«»«^ by LsC^orir to hnvf. hanxi assigned 
t© the Chetrleal IcfulpKent Cosxpjuiy, had not l.<»«n In fjot aeei ned. 
'^^rmin^n th» J'ollo^ing coll©<|uy o^jourr^'l; 

"Vr, Dawson: i«ow parlon sarj, ccnmpftl. If thf Court oleaee, 
he Iff offering tr? prove- cprtaln t- Inge by certifi«!i4 cor-iee an'i 
he -^c^en't offer th^aj, '-^.oftEn't pr*?)'luoe tWfliri h'sre, I '!on 't know 
just hov? th« T^0nT'\ is golrc;: to look that way* 

*2fr, Steblinaj I take it t>UHt in sifiking a coriv«nl*»nt 
record In tYe mpti^^i^nt tla;« r-oseiblft, 1 will prove ail these 
othpr t''tns.:8. th<? court etin rial« on thft of3**ir of ^bito thfit 
this patf»rit waa iasaue.l on certain features oi th« packing 
glanri.* 

There«i9on, ootmsel j'or defeK^Jant furtl^sr atatpA that he 
•ffer«»d to prov« the iaeuanee of the pat!*r4t by a o'^rtii'ie^it copy f 
i% and by the teetiKony of th« (iefsndant that the patent had never 
la fact been aasigced to the Cyiajsiical aquipK.«a3t CoK<pr-iny, nor had any 
•fjpXicatlon for It t^^n »o assigned at th^ tim^ of nhe execution of 
the note. 

'jphe rief^iiidarit fijrth®r offered to prove that th« stock 
In the GhsRiieal B^tiliuaeat GoiKpnny, whlo" had been given ae a con- 
tit^eratioa for the note, bad >.««n tsndere-? to I^aBour «ut1 refueed 



fe».cTaJtfi«» si«»< #y*(f, .lis*:.; «»pii*-v4._v 



t(9ti ^d 



.trtt»ilt*V£J(M!i » ?< 



alio <•• : 



the etnck to Harry S, LsPour; ^o you Insiist on ry f:;i»ttliafc It out 
an-:' moitlntt proof?" 

"Itr, D««soni I "^aait to havr thr» reoor<< i«ho'* thin. 

■2'h<* cottrt: A tftii^er of tJj« stook »rouli not be »ojaftt> ing 

that coulr! 'b«* necftBsary to prove by thi? vltncsn, 

-•oul'! It? 

•fcr. ^>»wi»on: hy this is'itifiess? 

■Mr, &itebblnB: Wo, but my theory ftbout tJila tetider 1« th»t to 
moiko a t«nder is to ofi>r Roia«t'r lag that, they 
haYo to proTft by itr. "''hlte, nn:' alao athnr 
things; othwrwifs© w« would have to go through 
the VerwAlity oi' introluvsing hiIJ. thia siroof; th«n 
the court emn say, inasmuch as i cannot prove on* 
mati'rtal •"lei.iwiit of lay o?i»e, thererore, the i.nurt 
'•'0'3fli BO ',n<' so; tb^t vr«» my theory? ol' vhi« t.oniwr, 

*kr, Dawaen: I thlKk they are goirjn-!; to mlai it up, your horsor. 
I ^rmt to expedite? inatt«^r». H© has ol'f''^ro(!( »o»« 
•proof oi' ■^hat !50Ea«5 other ^^itnesa, that ir>r. »t h««(r«, 
ff?lg>*. R«y. 

*Tb« Court} Th© recftra TPill Khow that hp oi'f«»re-i it on the 
grounds that it not o.t' It"**!!* wsy h** competent, 
btit It is Bot co-'-ipffti&nt to-- 

*Ut, 3t««b>ins: I :^lf?j:i't "iuvs In ftlrji t'^j'it th* court voul<5 ^o 
that. I h'w1 Ie minA the omrrt woul-'^ giiy that in- 
(^isiir-uch as thw tcn*ler «Hnb0fJlie8 an iri^^lsn^ngable 
«lftK-ent of thj?5 c^se I oati prove it only by <^iit«, 
t^^r«l'cre, r;%ther th^ sufelt it to th't- .jury, 

*'£!he Court; All right, jto ahead, 

•Mr, Bte^'hlna: I. want th«» ocv^rt t-? i© wba';?'V«ir is right ok the 
thing* 

*lir, litm»oni If I maiy say this, say iiea of thi« -w^fis , that in- 
=*@!-iuc}i ae t'nia witrsessj coul'Stt't testily, &r, 
i^llLkkiSS ..Sjiid. M ,ag„t|l 1« !J 121^ g gt the 0£»e ^j th » 

*fcr. &t«^bi»tt: I. ^ fcciri;;^ to c of^ el ude raj^ .offer g£ proc-f Tgy syo 

M'itSJlaE Si' ■y.-al f 'Act." 
*i:he ceurt: All tXi:M, m ^ 



WhereuprE, again the attorney for defes'^aiit stated that 
he offered to prove by witnessee not intereet«>d in thp caee, other 
th«B the d©f«?r.aai.t, that deferL<1«rit hat? t«Kdere<? on or »nhout July 
20, 19SS, to Chfirlf^s A. Goye nl«<9ty-Bix eh.-srfe of th<» canltwl srtock 
of the Chemioial I,quip«iftnt Cogip:-*y, nr.it that thlts tender h?»4 been 
refU»©(^; that thi« tent'or htv^ be«?n rm^rqitei? to cnnr^s"! by the 
execntrlx, stating, "in ^-^V-ort w© offer to prove every -illefjatlon in 
the third aHnendedi ple&« by 'ri.tnes^es not *>-irtieB to tv r> R»ilt, i^a. 
net inter^jst^sd in the suit, or by lootassstary evtdenoe, th<» intro- 
(iuotien of which -^c^b not require oral testlRJOBy, or by thi» ewom 



i»a i i '.;.f,;i.?^'S yj'i 'to Jslrnf jif;?r fi^^ ^•tw?!**? 



♦fft SM k^Jfe fr*t».'n« 0ti tasi^ «••.•<« -{xiv i---' 






««i da?'!'* ,»«* »iMt \« «»fl '<-^ ,jai;li 'i*;« 



Torrid ,•■«<» *a* al ln$iw%9iak *»a tiiai"»" + f>- "-^ * 






• tAt«m«nt of CharlwB A. Coye in his ll}>tiia«, all the allogatlona 
in th» third ivwftndei pl^aa, exoppt t^tit w« csnnoi pi'ovc, by .aiy 
witness, e3?eent. the rieferHant, K, t, White, th« r<?prflBent%tion» 
«a<<o to him by Pfwrry S, LaTour const! tutine tho consldftr^tion I'or 
th« eT*cutloR ol" th«» notft, the falsity of tho8» rrtor#»»<»ntatlon«; 
thiatt he r^lieA upon thoR© r»Rr«aeRtatlon«; that li.e- b^'llfv^'i th«n 
to be trxir; tV-at he^,''«c»»tv«»'« thoTaby ;,mr' th»t h*? 'snab injiire.-i 
ther«by to an fur.-unt In «xei»flip ei' th#t f»aount of th*' notfj» •m'? 
that he U^n't i^isooTer the i'rau^-l ux.til on or about th© tiiae the 
note was iue, ^m1 ibat he chen *ii<!ict<9J to resclni Uii© ir.axieao- 
tion; t)!08« thiHfs we «aii oj^iy proT* by j*.r. •hitR." 

"The Court; You ofi>r now, )j4r, '^hite «»<? a witiueae ty picve 

those things? 
•Mr. Stehblne: Yaa, 
•Jh« woart: Which proof, on i/>o»e t: Inge stated, an 1 tl-ie .facte 

#*r: ' oirciiKfst^muea »»g stitt<»':i in your excsptions you 

offer to be proven by Kr, '^'^hitp, the del>r;M«ii.t in 

thie c-'Aset 
•kr. i^tebllni: In short, we a^eit in owen court th&t th« 

fraud can only be proven by .V.r, Whi t«. 
■Tbe Court: And you ar*> off taring hiaa S48 a. witricse to t>rore 

thatf 
"i£r, atebbino; ^e ar« offering hia as a witn#»ps? to crove 

t^ioee tM»ga, 
•The Court: To ^hleh you objleef? 
"Tv^r , ■Dawaor: Yae, 
•The Court: 0» t^-r? grnun'^ that he i« exolu'^efl un-ier th<« 

Kvidense Act ■»•« a cojspetent •witneso? 
*lf'r. Dftweons Yee, 

•The Court: That objpetior is eustilned, 
•Kr, StebMno! ^xco^tion." 

'S1^«re!!T>c?n thr. e!>uneel for <!«f«ri.^snt statrt'i in anh- 

of 
etaneo that aotiolpmtiag the rrtl ing/ €«5urt a bin In ehrmcsry ha4 

be«a fl.l^'r* to enjoin the further proeoo'^tlon nf the s'lit, '^n"* that 

notice ha4 been e^rvai to apoffRr before the C'^fMicellor n«*xt t^orn- 

lag at nine o'eloek, an-' thereupoa a»k«?' len-^« to Tithdrftir a 

juror, an'1 that the ease be postpone'! for a re»eonahle tiine an«! 

r** as signed a 

Objection to thie was tt&de on be'.alf of thp pliir- 

tlff, *her<(?upon the court stated that, in view of these clrovwr.- 



.,..,.,.« ^...^t ■ . , „^^_ ,^^, .^1 <ii{<'|$t»»f;t 



i, ' 

«r^ *4c!(,#' *«'»«>-* ja»t« «i '• ■ :eii|i'-i-ij!»,?',: .-j] 









8tane«a be weull -'tract h T^rUct m'^ l^t it te* rwturrj'^d, "but 
wotill not enter ju<!,sa«nt on ths vercllct for at If ant a porlo-i of 
ten lHy», and In ▼lew of that un-lerata/. 'ing wouli Hreot a Tordllct, 
which was Rccordiniily v'one, 

Th» oontroXilni; gueatiox; in the came, .iss w« Ylw^r It, 
ie whether th«» •«eJ*«ri'lfiiit un-:i«r th« cirej4H5wtai.e«« which apt>c:ar in the 
rseord, was a oo&ipetent '?ritriCBB to t^ctlfy to the »«tt«r8 and t>lng« 
srhlch wer« ofI*9r«(i to tie sirovel by hisi, in tViis oouft, hovaver, 
th« .4®l'9nrtant has raised a prellaijafiry questioR, ^Jn^* hae jurrjued 
qult« &t length thfit it '<?as error I'or thr» court to instruct the ,1v«"y 
to return a verdict in riftw of the offer Bi»d« fey aei'en uMit to provo 
"by evidlftnc* other than that of defeniarrt that plaintiff wsub not in 
faet tho oym»r of th« not® at all, 

So wltn«»a v&e prduce^ or Hworn hy Vnora it is cl^lKed 
«u©h fact coul'3 have "feten proved, arj ' no ioc3i«fi«ntHry or othsr pyi- 
<l«no« ■was offTfil t«ndln/;i; t© «8tal?ll8h tbnt fact, fio ?ju**Btien -wrs 
directe-3 tc .p«ny witnens UT»on that iBrui, .'^m.-^ ir: r{ pw of the ft.-^mio- 
«ion acade Tsy th^ attorney for the 'J «f«n^. ant that hs eould lOt Biak« 
out th« a%»i^ ^yithout the defendant's tsatimany, wi? think he l« pre- 
cluded froR i^tfeklng th&t aoat^Btioti here, Th^jr** &,Tf^ G».se« ?-hieh 
hold {»n<i dofentiant Ims clt«:i 8oai« of thee© in hia reply brl«f , 

ao<i Bartholoy v, "JmXS3.t 276 111. 505) that wh®re a eourt intimates 

that it ^ill reject any eviflsnae offered tentiin? to »how a i?iveB 
fact on th© groim-! that It lis iiaiP.fttwrlal stnsl ImproTD'^r , It win then 

fee iinneoecaary for j* p.^iTty to ?»ro.i«s« thf'- witn©t«s ir. coyrt fm-l aak 
the BOftoific q«*«tlon8 '?irect'?'l to the ooint. 

The genera r«l», however , Is tvgit ^r^.^ir ossnnot "he 
•SRignea ttoon a ksp© oollo<fuy l»«»two«n court atH ootuiael, C« & Q^^ 
^y* Co* ▼, Carrol T . 5^6 111. 518; B^rtln y. Hjsrtjf, ??4 til. 84, The 
test woul4 se«Bi to "be in ftT«ry oss« the tjEsrolsKP of ■^'ool faith on the 



r/ 



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■ • ■ 'n«w«f IE?' ■■ 

"■ ■; ,t»litrf x-^sie'x «JUC",tti ''4.>- iitjf .tojjs . 



part ©1" both court ms^ ccuritel, «n-i -»« tblnk It Is j)*»rf<»otly ivpp5a-«it 
froui thiB recerd that neither the cpurt nor the oounsel for the 
plaint 111' anderetoo''. that lefenlsuvt took the oo wit ion that he had 
iB«.d« an ofirr of prooJ' Jroc; riiich th* court woul^ lie boiMid to llnd 
that thore vas eTirti«r»c9 bei'oro it t«in'Une- to ah©^ thH.t the plaintil'f 
waa not in fact the o««n»r oJ' th<» not*. 

Th'» Qontrolling ouoation In the oan^ therefore i/3volT»B 
a eonBtruct Ion of 3«ctiott 2 oi' the KTiflene« Act, It irt as- ffillc-i-e: 

"^o party to any civil tjction, unit, or procft^viUnja;, or 

perecn '■^lr*otly iiit^ree'ce'* in V\^. --v^mt thmr*nl\ 8>~11 >^« al- 
10w*dHo t«*8Ml'y therein ci* hla own motion, or in Vis own b*»- 
half, l7y virtu© nf thf foifsf.cljriA^ mctlon, '^hfn -my s-rivc-re* psrty 
etj«a or d«»fer-dii iR th« trustee or ccBseitator of any 1-1 lot, 
habitual ^'rvrkar;?, lunatic, or 51.Ktr?4ct ^ -' r?erscG, or -3,8 the 
executor, s.>ii5lnletr^tor, heir, le^^Mte© or ievloeft of any cj«- 
ewftsei tjpriscn, or us ;uar':^lair5 cr iruatnc oi ?Jiy »uoh h«ir, 
legatee or levisoe ujiiess when call«"J -%• a '-itn^ss l>y nuch 
ftdverap p^irty ec suing or 'JeferiUiag, i'io;! ! ,iI»o excfipt in ♦he 
foliowing caeee, nifcaeiy; **•**• 

Ifc« defendant fioee not argvte, ae we uiH-^rstar;^- hir, 
that there are any faetB in the ra&ord wiiioh brin.v th* tf -pti.tiony of- 
fered in faTor of thtt d»f pDlant T'it'nln ar<.y one of the* exceptione 
nsEied in thiis statute, but arguee 'sith great ©jirnestnees thrit the 
section e^^oul'.^ he «o cos. 9tru«<'?. as to mji^kp th«* PTt-lero® a'-Vfr;i«si'foXe, 
It is sugfeeste^l that th«» Svi^^tiice At:t ishould be construe^' ^fceor^ing 
to ite spirit fi,nd its purpoee Mid not lit«rally or teohntcaily , rind 
this may h* «?rtnc«'l*4, 

Th« unden"bt<?^ pnrrio©** of th-* Ast '«'?iti? t-s roKf^v'* c'jir?';- of 
th* liaousTl fioations of -vltnaR^-jea whioh '»xiat?».f? -at «cvsi■^or^ la's?, "itniS 
th« first fflectlon of thf^ A.ot lo-'^e ?«.'©t« thosi^ Uefsts^ai flection!? In 
language aa plain an-i el'»nr ^8 that of th« csoon't B'«ctlf>n, i^^vioih 
aleo dtfinltely provi'^.es that th« 'U squall float Ion shall nr<t be -^f*. 
moved, «h«r« rt party def«n?8, ,^8 here, & eult brought by the tx«»eti- 
trix of the «6t'%t« of a deceasfd person. 

I'hlg »t!itut«! is a rn-enaoteont vftrbatlsi of a Btiailf?,r 
er.aetsi^nt of a statute of thle state in 1367, vi i the auggcetloft 



^ 



(1,4$,.^% lifnifftt »4^ iK«n fTV4a» ,«|f|<:>inNiil#is jr«ja[^ i»x«»9«x alii. 

*»#«<.'•)«»■ !♦ T^ewfl »?f;^ .-til.' 
•• {* 

erf* ni >o»3X* o«Ia:^ ?-o-a , >-* 



woul "t nut it In harmony wlt^ the "f^imrftBH at^ntutory -irovlslone on 
th«» »a'^f Bvb.lpct In nearly «'V(»ry stat'^ oi' th« 'frilon, io hHr''ly an 
MTfr>rm9nt vhioV woul • In* •jrt)*'et«? to 'ioo»al t,o « revlwwln.j court. 

If the IftKlal'itnr" oi" Ullnolo deslr^'-l that thlc 
etntute ehoul^ be thus put in hAri..ony with the eo^oR oi" other 
«tatos, it ""•Qui' b« J'or the i«»;ji8l(it«r« , ratn*>r t;h>5i(; th© reviewing 
court, to muke the ol'isuagw which would bring about th»it hArir.ouy. 
We ao not iiBleretan''. tii*t the csB«truotioft oi' » »t.a!.ut« aecor':'.iRg 
to iti spirit »xid ItR TrJ^o«* g,lv©w th^j revlevlMnj cov»rt th* license 
to f^ i BT f^gmx ■'■ the plsiin, cbiriouB &«iB.nins ©i' the words kJart Ker^teiicce 
oJ' the eti^tute. 

On th* eontrt&ry, %hm toritrollln^ tvaeatlon in t.h.« con- 
•truction oi' the ctatute ia ic flnJ t>.© legissl-itive ijitRution, but 
the oourt in fin Hn^ It ip limit r>ri t.5 the wordo ur<»-1 by t,h« Ip.^is- 
l«ture, M,or«»over, whll* it ie clf^ar thsit, th^ •urv.onp of '.'retion 1 
of th«« K-wl'^wRc*" Act i«5 to p»a);)clTs?it<' «'i tn<?BS»w from refjtrictiona 
which th«rfftofor« exipt.o^^ it i^ 5«9t :^3 nlaln th<^t th* obricu* 
t»uri90B» of section ? i« to place '?«r:r,it«! limi tntioPB tjrjor '-.h^it 
ro8trictioiQ» i 

Gortain it In th.si.t i 1' <-UQy such construction as that 
whldb d«l"«Bi««Jt iBsistfl mm 1»« nlf4C««l upon this ^ct, ii h-:& not in 
all the ywara in w^iich Um ^tu'.uto has b«en upon th^ books been 80 
«en»tru«d by 'Any court oi' thi's st=*.t«, fhf» -loi'efidnrit eit<»« 11 %z -v. 
Sgud'-.'^er Syrup GGja.pimy ^ 19© 111, A99, 605» but that -wa* ?* c?*b^ 
wliort th« right of a party in inter*5at, to tswtll'y tv»« upheld un<*«r 
th»» eipresa exe«^T)tlon set forth in the statute, >aii th# court so 
declar*4« 

Ut»on th« Bam« grrund in V^. „^pter v. GrQl d f nrb > 317 
111, 620, upon which <l«l'end»nt ?Aleo relips, th« SuprstBe Court b<9l4 
that whftTft thi! rf!a3 warty In int'^-r<fst .ha4 t>:iYen testlraony &• «an 
oe<mrr«n«« vltriesE in .an motion I'or wrongful flsath brou<?ht by th« 



^ 



'.( tiff' f»«tf 9"it»^iifa6' «li»alijff '■ 
^<v" ^siattsituii-titaf' ^w^ if^iik'uf bXam 'miihr *-^mfii 

■mttQ ■ ■ 

V ■'■'' ■ .. f «■<■■»« p, •- 

aik t9& md ii ^i-pik •JUfW-' «M^ Ji»»il^ •*''f 'afeia w:fst«al .f ;u;'* a->*r^- (?;oi.iv 



adttinlntratcr ^^gfiinBt the delTmnMut , dsfonlant laigbt 0.8© t<nstll'y 
to tJ:.ft trfJrif.»et1c-r. Th-.t ('aoL»lon was In untiro hjir;-ony vith the 
statute?. It ^ ul ' "be mantfft«Uy unfair that one pfO-ty In In- 
terest shonX^i fee pisrwitte'l to tretiry, whUe tne otrer »hoal-i !:« 

Thft '1«f«n!*vant firther sugjieata tViai r^hla auction of 
the atatute Is eaRcnntl-bl*? oi' tho construction that it i ft not to 

suit an.-5 t>,en .'.fcsffl polling tfc« salt. Big^gls v. Orfc^JL. ^X? ^H- 
117 Is citf^'*. to !:;M5 .3'.>'r*t, V.-st -^o**?. not e'lstcir. it. It? that 
caB«, =^ suit "lan lrroy:;?*lt >>y t^o c^Jfc'ilatKants a?iair.st a '^*>rm'^<*nt , 
an^ ^«n^iii£ th« «»ult. cn<^ cf the plalnttffo 'i^-^. '^y^^: -^^fendaRt 
tras p^mltlr^ tc t«fetJ.ry In U^ o'.,«*», ^^t -f to •'^h^.t f^cta or wn '«» 
•rh%t oirs'-isiiji^ioefj tfcP cptrit^n rrf tV:«»" court io-?s not .•!l5s«los«. 
%1m c<^urt in Its opinion I'tixtee, "We think the tr?stl nny of Crisa 
w»» ©iifepetent un;ter proper Infltr'ujtion as was iiiven in th© ofA8« 
by th« ctmrt.* 

B1.;.. JoM.T« iollSEil. Si'* ^» 1*^'» ^'^ ^* ^' ^^'^^» **• 
cit«a sold relied on. -in thMt case tJ-sa pi -.in tX iV ^ »cl».lrd ^'tratriy» 
brouglit an aotisn to forFQlo-«f® a ffiort,;age, and itoe <?«rene.€ -was that 
tlhe aortgags ha<* Vf^-iftn in faet pal4 to .* pripsr ad-ara£tr'AV,rly of 
thfi isjwr.« (»«»tate, to •«'hfl>si. It traa first giv«a. &is :*..;'.;■- 11'= Isstratrix 
InaTlng ^listl, tba pisjiniiff was ^iftexwarde appointfj! as aduinle- 
tratrix of the ^Bt^:ite in her jslace. thft <»ef®K4ant upon tha trlaX 
t^stifia?? that ht Vsaf! p»*l'-! the note im^> th« niortgsiC« to fe»:e for,)si«r 
*i.!mtnl»tratrlx rturlng ti^cr Xlfptit.^^, -.^'d It wi*a clals^^d tiiat tha 
evl^fino# ^AK incfspatant uii'-feJ' tb?? prc-ri^lpna of the et^tuta. It 
waiB held tpon aftxsal that th® «Tl^^,ene« w.4» coiPjp«?t*nt, tha court 
isai-l tbRt it was fevMsnt und«r the $t»tuto th«re eonatrue^l th«*t 
th« t0»tator or intftotata refarxed to w-'i-f on«? t»bo8« ftxecutor or 
a4»ini»trat©i' was a party to th« suit ami Bot aoy teatatorj or 



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"tU ,u'Jtii-im^^':iS ^ii»( »f Oi'S ■-iJUi^ >f.lAje i';^ SW ■',(,«''Ii- 



10 



int««5tatP viV- fhoiu th*^ trajiaHOtion hr.^l "been ha<5 or by uhoiu. 
tha stat'Ti^nt h ^'^ ^e^r; jna^l.e, Thivt to hel.i cth3rT;isc 77f)uld 
re^iulr? that th<» »t?stuto >->e broadeij^d by intarpretatioii 31. the 
th«ory thnt it-i truR 5j;-trit do'caiided sri ►•sxt'^Jtslon ol' itn literal 

jaeaning, ari'-l th*^ conri; Mfli<«-i :U" such TMlri wetro to 00 I'oliowed 
vh<^r« tlio Bi itt^r af intf?rj»rf»ta';lon '.vouli end; -ivbeWiftr a ti'sm«3- 
action sith a lao^aa^n! aij'^nt '■fttn --^ithln th^ 8T.a„ut«, or rhethfir 
v'h^r*? on^- 01" t'i'-'i r>-ir'''.,'.i#.r8 h ti rUsd w;--; tb-s anrvivar , >rho ailght 

an-i su#^ on % ■^'Arty--tT^^-^ri -jl.air., U'l*-' rwlt^. of di sdjuJil .11'ios.tion 
woull apTily. 

It it^ B-p^Hirftn-i <;>;-tt ic t^nt ^sas* th& qnssat ion -^wais 
whether th« provlslors o<* ths rtetut*' eboul-" be extf^rj-iyd by ccn- 
etruction. '-^jr ^ui'^tton >^?'r'^ le '^-b^thar t'ne »t'a,tute nhaii 'be 
applle-1 to a chg««, trMcb >y no ar^rt of construction of the worda 
Ufse.^, cttj:; Vet t.aK«n ontal-l* of th<«? t'^hr^ns of th** at.ivtMte, 'i")-;® 
iefisnlsTit clt«r •■^l;;-ircre ■!>n Svl'^eric^, ^'^^-.i. 1, seo, 57S, -.v.ulth 
up3n «si«rlr."t.lori m* fiK' tc bii mc irit«'t' sting diKcusg on -.iC to 
ivhether thie ata'.utfs re are now ealle'l upon to uonaiidor raid 
iijallsar statutes choul?' not Ixs repeal ©4 - aj« t»,ui,i,-or tia.Xug the 
»fflr;;;s.tlve vi«w. It mo«.>o without Buyiiig Uiat ihG vis'.Ts there 
espraeser^ wouli sore properly "be prc3»rjited to the legisi.^ture, 
vfeleb h&* p«'«9i' is a-^fiing@ ths law. 'na do Bet undaratfiUid the 
aytv.or to afrJ*" in favor of vh^ ^onit motiou of *ft>i(s sta^ut* for 
•w'lo'' th<: i»f»»E-1iust h-^rs c*ntiin-^9, 

Th« 4«rsna;.xvt, ho'«r«ver, f-wrt>;«r auei-wsts that If th« 
«o«rt should >;^ of tho opinion that it c-iriJ.ot (»,ji'v« to trc eoaticn 
tha constrnetion r Ich h«? 9<e«5k« tc put upon It, th«n h« ieniren t>e 
r%i«9 th* qu<r-stisn that hin «or*o ti tutienal ri^-;;' tsi vire Yiol&t«d by 
thie «t*t«t«, ?m^! aek that unl«r osotion 102 of the Practice A.ct 



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the oaae shall te transferrfli to the i3ijpre n Co\irt of thlo stat*^ 
in 9rdiiT that these rlghta may be a(1ju'''loat«.'!, 

JUo euggeetlon was cnde In tVti* trial court that e con- 
Btltutional queetion wae involved, ^wJ it would «e«ci that In fair- 
ness the nu'^etion Bhoul'^ have Veen preeftKtrd th«re. koreover, 
In a long linp of* ^♦•ciaions in ti-ir st'itf*, it htvB Vispn hf»l.i that 
an ap-peal to thf» Appflll^tP c^urt •:<n.^ the ft8f?i{n:pient cf '?rrer, 
vhlch th«» court h'-« juriniictloi- to ccns' '"Ifr, waives all oorrtitu- 
tional qwestionn, TYi^t^ Is nctV;in,s; in the lr*ngi)ag»? of ertctioc 102 
that 'woul'rl indicate that it wac the legislative intention to chftnge 
that njlfi, ?yn-? whll«» the s>oint -^ae not s^^rU'loally raised, o&Bee 
dtclde*! iii th«» 3upreja#» court Bij;c<? th^ enactrasrst of Section 10? 
of the Practice Act in^Uc&te that that high trlhuris*! adhereB to 
Itc former views on this subject. Idyftr^tgvillo v. Cent. Ted^nhocq 
5£., SOS HI., 362-4. 

iioreover, we eac harUy bring ourselvea to b«li«yre that 
tht q'tt6stlor4 of constitutional right !« ttrgai hern in good faith. 
This section of th»? Evi'?enee Act is not different from other ar- 
bitrary ruli'B of law, which are prescribed by statute *'niioted by 
the l«-glBl'%ture, ©vl.^ently in the bellf^f -hat it i>r :tor the beet 
interest of eoclety that the rule ehOyld bf» as ftxnreaKed in the 
•tatute, W*. j84i|j;ht refer to the Statute of I'tEitatione, -'-here 
un-leT eoBPp clreuffietonoea the t«»!9tlr;ony even of th^ -l^tf <^ij-5.a3it ^isisSlf 
that he qv^A 9 debt wouli be unaviiiling; or certain sections? of the 
Statute of Prarjf^a 'w>:«'re the arbltrtary rules Inl-^ -^.ovfr. '"or the good 
of all often reault ir har-«ship to the lnaivi<1ual. The liherty 
that we enjoy is the liberty oontrolle>i by law -uj-! th-^ ls\«r, in the 
aatyre of things, muat be general rulss of huisafi con-iuct, which the 
•overeign uo'^rer intervenno to enforce. Those rules are not alv^aya 
just, but generally speaking, in the lon«; run mnkm for justice. 
If it has happened that this general rule hfis reeultcd in a 



««9u a 4-«riJ . ^,„v>w Iain* ♦rf-^ ~» ..W. ,..,.. .. j^^^jt^y,^ 
imki hUii m»i ««if *i »»««i*i '•*<^'> '«» '-f«»i»iatfc -j* »«]■ 

801 nol*e«e to ;Jn»a#oi5»» srli •sola ^i/oo •«ui^<tif& 

lOilhA ImtwdlHS it^Xd iMdt #«««* ti«*|K«| #«a »sl^3j?-r« —'t 1© 

&iii ai ik»siu»%^» tut »4 hJiu^m »Im 









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':- upeolflc Id justice to thr. def>.w-!>w^t. , h« raay p^rhipn he aolaced by 

i the r#neetl©n that it ie a ^«V-t b« p«y» to clvUlBRtlon. 
', Th« motion to tran»lVr to th« Supreme Court Ib 

I ienle-? '^^ the .1«'5.'i3«^nt oi" the trial court i« affirmed. 



Johnston >ina i^ciiuraly, <T.T., concur. 



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30861 



FRASK FIORITB, ) 

Appellee, ) 

) 

V8. ) 

S?il7lXY i»HIi.TIi<u & TyPB3STTll«0 ) 

CO., !* Corporation, ) 

AppelituTite. ) 



G17 



Appeal I'rom Interlocutory Order 
of tho Circuit Court of Cook 
Coimty. 



MH. PRISSIDISa JTJSTICK KATQHITT 
DSLIVISRSD THS OPIKIO& GJ? THE GOXmt, 

Th« c©mplalriant ies the jud^;?m<?nt cr^^dltor of the Int«T- 
cationftl Printing & Typasettlng Company, a corporatlcn, "^ind on 
August ?S, ISr'S, ni»<t a credit tor's hill, nardng nnraerous n«rti<»« 
(Tsf^r In- 1« incluUng the apr) si 1 'mt , I5qutty Printing & Xytjeaettlng 
Cocipany, a con>or€ition. 

On 3epte?2iTb<»r '■"'3, 1925, th(* del'-nclant , -Equity Pr-lntlng 
<fe Typesetting Company, with certain other :1o3>n ^.Jints, f-ntered its 
appearane*, and on October 9, 1925, th*? coiapl an-mt "by l«-r>.vfi of 
eoxirt filejj WJiiH^n'-lBisjnt to its bill, of co?q)jb,aint, 

■ -.)^^'^'' In the «u-..9iv:l'uent to th«° bill coKiplainsint prayed that 
an iniwietion atght "b'? granted againnt the dsf f?nfitt!:it , "^qtiity 
Frintiriij & Typeoetting UoEjptiny, both ;^ a copartr.ership an' as a 
corporation, ;^.d that -^ith other del'en-tants it m^-ht be reatrainwd 
from ee.llinfc, Rastgnlng, transferring, ielivssring, negotiating, 
discharging, reoeivinii, collecting, «neu^.bering, or in fmy raanner 
©r way dlftpoaing ol", or ioterKiedrtllng T^ith, any of the m-Aobinrry, 
type, type SB«tal, fixtures, appliEOicee, ifloncy, bills recwiYable 
or ottier property, pers-n?*! or r'?al, ■which "^clong^d to or was in 
th« BO«s«8eion of sail Int«rtti&tional Printing S. Typ««s<»ttlng Com- 
pany, or -wV-ich had "been aequire-i by its allege<5 succesiora in 
title by converting fom«r property belon Tin? to said International 



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.TJiuoo sfHT ^0 noiHi^o SOW asflsrvia^G 

no btm ^mitM'Vtttt^^m ,M %^ liianl4Ma 



3nit:nH% X^^pSE «#<>»<>(»» "tol)' :«^^ ,eS«X ,fi^' t#cfia»jro9& ft:.> ^"^ •-^••■ 

,iaifKJLr,mo 'lo XXlt^ a#X i" ^'wl^;, ^t^t't ituoo 

«aal<«-t#oai«a ^gat-xeviXsI: ,a«-t'*'i*:^«'^*«'''5"'f ,ij«x>'ii;-i'^a'« ,;«ai£X«»« aioVt 
ni «jiw Ttfr o* jMiiaiaoXmf ifelKti , ^«;. ^ ,•:.« ...v, ....,- iff/f^o to 

..i. tH«B«*0»W« *«»»XX« •■? . K->niSrt r>«M.-f S;.^;; „; .. , TCrtJSa 



Prirjt r.g '■ Typeeettlng Co. Into ti9v or (\ll*l'tfr©nt property noi*. In 
the poaseseion oi' thp said 8npi'09«?l Bucceccora to aald Intorna- 
tional Printing L Typ«aettinii Co.uJ-itil the I'urther or'lfr of 
•air! court. 

Or. Octol^cr 14th, If ?f5, at th# 3epte).>b«r ten,; of 
the court, upon readinj. the aworr. bill of complaint, ao ai..eiirled, 
and i%n affidavit pr^B*?nt«<i in Kupport tht-reof, thr court ordered 
that thp writ of injunction issye asi pray?"' 'xn'^ further "for 
goo* cauBC H^own," thp in.lunction lsn^j« Trlthout hon ' nn:1 without 
notioa. 

TVi*? hill aa orl.'^in.'illy file> rao vRrlTie'^ by th« 
cojsplalnant , who etat^'-l that ^e knew th'? contentr. thorf;of und 
that the aiattero rja-i things eontained th<?rein were? tru« oJ' hia 
knowledge, exceot as to tho6« isatters frhich wf3r« thftroln fstated 
to he on his infpx-£.atioii tmi-.l hcli'-'f , .;in 1 u.n to those nattorB he 
Relieved therr, to be tru«. A si^.ilr.r vcrif icaticn imrer oath of 
complainant raa utt-jicited to th<* iirfien;;m--nt to the bill oi" coei- 
plaict. 

On Isoveffilser 3, 19 35, the dsf enJiant apofsliraat filed 
its answer to th© hill of ooisplaint ao aismniad, ?vn-\ in th« ai-irvsrer 
d«nl«(l that it had knowlijtdge aa to any aaacts owned and con- 
trolled by th-9 lrii*f^r;.ational Prlntin,;:^ 1 Typesetting Coapany, or 
h«ld in trust for i.t , or that it h-nA in its h^nda any real estate 
9t any ir; threat tV»?r<»ln, or any other prop'^rtv "fhich it wae >:old- 
Ing in Ita poaa'?f5?ion or control or In truat for th^^ principal 
d«f •ndfir.t , and denied that th« debtor corporation had aBSii::ned 
or transferred its prnp?*-rty t^; it, or t,hat the Equity Printing ^t 
Typessttijig Compiiny was orgaiiized for the purpose of hindering, 
delaying and defrauding the coiaplainant. It d«ji«d that the 
lattTnutional Printing A. Typeaetting Coapany ever did fcusincea in 



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th# Statfl of TlUnolo, or in tVi»» City ol' Chicago, un '«»r th« naia© 
wnd »tylp of th45i I^qulty Prir.tlng A Tyi>fi8<r»tting Oonspany, a co- 
|»artn«rehip, '^i'^ -ivnrrevJ th;4t Lh« Int'^Dintional J'rititlng .v Typp- 
•ftttirif: ComiJary ha'! no lien, cl?3.1in, int«r«*8t or 4«ra?an.'; in or to 
any cf the maoyinpry or property rb aoQuir«i by the iSqpity Print- 
lag A) Typeeetting: Cortprajy at t}',*' tiae oJ" tho Inoorooration there- 
of. 

The ariswer admitted that the iJ^juity Prix; tint. * 'i'yp«- 
••tting Corapany was 1oin<i "businoss .as all^g^^l in the bill of 
ooffiplnint, but denied that ite property or suiy part ni' it 
•hould in equity or goor! oonacienoo b® applied to the uatisfy-e- 
tion of any cl«im of tlits ccmplair.arit, 

Th«t aKPwer fu::'th'3r <l0r*ied that any frau--ltilc«t aalm, 
tr«W5Bf«?r, aeRigrasesnt, gift, bidlffient, enml'idm.ce or delivery of 
any property of th« InterKatlonal Printing fe Typesetting Company 
had been mart© to the lef eniants, or that tb« Bqtjity Printing A 
Typftuettini? CotBpawy, or wiy oi' its officers or A.g«ntf?, or any 
perffon or r-'^reons acting in its b-^Valf at any tiui"* ever receiT<»d, 
obtained or hell any preperty , roal or pf»ri3onal, of r^ny 'tPuerlp- 
tion, in a »eor*»t trust for the use of the Interrifitlonal Prlr.t- 
Inu * Typesetting Gorapiuay, or foi the purpooe of hindering or 
d«f«ating saiy of the junt clatiias ot the oot&pl-'iii-iant. 

All this ifaa in reeponsa to allegatioxxa anda in the 
bill of coRplalnt eifli jiTfien-led, of which the iiaportant and essential 
ones were positively verified not ei&ply on Irifonnation ang be- 
ll«f , a« defendant seeme to thinJc. 

On EeveiiibRr IG, IS 2ft, app«ll«nt Biade a aiotior to 
diseolv* th« tffireporary inj'jttiction, said the court aft-^r consi:!«ring 
tk« plea41ngA SJ^^ hearing the argum«!Siit» of oounasl, denied th« 
SMStlon. It ts from this or-U'^r that th*» nr<»8fnt ftooftal in tfsk^n, 
Th« proprlfsty, th*rftfnr#, of the orcJer for «j,n inlunctlon at the 



(»# TS* Bf- ■ ta'iiiMti^iJi jaiJUi. 

. 'i ■ ■ 
*t9 lti€"»M'ai h■ 
'/ 

lMl^a9>nL, -. .-.. , -.,-, 



tim» It wae I'lrBt l8»?uefl la not directly involvev-i. 

The ooiupl iifi Uit h i.8 Bi.ud« a liiotiou to ^triJc* certain 
aklleged certificates of «Tifl«rice, wyicVi .iopear in t)ie rooord, i^Jnd 
Ita motion T»a» rasenred to t.h" h*'arint-, ypon an exaEiination oJ* 
the otta«» ho'^ever, ijpoxi its tuerits, #a uo liot I'ind ajaything In 
these supposed certificates M?hioh we reg;ard ae OLatsrlul, and the 
iBotion will therefore bv« ^lenic-U 

The orltrlnfsd till ue '4K<»ri4e i wae made unier o-ith, tuid 
the answer of appellant was rot verifier!. The ^.eiVjrif'.ant has argued 
the matter upon the th<»ory th-^t th^ orisjinal or4«?<r for an injunc- 
tion in before us» for reri^wr. Ih«.t i« not the cuee, l>o annual •waa 
taken froPi that or^er, ;^n 1 the only Katt»r b^^ifore ua is the pro- 
priety of the oriwr der^ylnf the Kotiof! to 'liRafflve at the tim*^ that 
motien wa« paener? on. 

Defendant eociplaijfie that no notice wins iilven of the 
aoplieation for a prellwinary Injunction as if? sis ratiuireH by mle 
ef the Circuit oourt, lin ' o/aIIs attpntion to the fact that its ft.p» 
pcaranoe was on file at t- at tiae, hut the deferid^mt hae waived 
the right to notice, if ri.tVit it *a8, by making its3 motioxi to iis- 
^ol-V9, Cred^, y. Cr§i^, 175 ill. App., 175; High on Injunctiona, 
sec. 1615; Wl ii jaB^B v, Chicago Jaxh lMtion Co .. isa Hi, 19; Rich 
■V. Mulloney. I'^l 111, Avv- 50:5. 

T»ef en iftist also ooKkplriina that th<» injuriction was issued 
without 'rend, but even If '»r«» nn.T^f^ thnt a hon^'' ehoul-^ h<iv© been de- 
«jan4«d hy the court in th^ first Inwtaj-ce, that -^vouli not jurstlfy 
the ^iBBolution of an injtsmetion otherwise prooerly isis^ied, De- 
feniajnt could protect lt» rights l.n that r9sp»ct by ss-iking a 
notion that the proper bond be required. Proke gt al , v, 
SLiliiM. ^0 111., 388. 

A ffiotion to disaolve a te.ioorary injiiiiction t-i&de prior 
t© the filing of an imswer is orUnarily equivai«^t to a demurrer 



Jmui _^^<^»l(t Olf^, l|t, 'IClftt!^^; ,^^^ .*»9tW' : A^ 



•«w iljMierqp 0% .»««o 9tii ton al #»(1T ,»9i:r u $xo'irr« 

*q» e^t; ' ; :ij rK:t*v^ Birr. 

••§..< . . . . ■. :.; ■i{;a , ^, ■ , ■• ,.■ 

•»C ,jf5««?fi v:,i:'i:*f««tt #(»4wt»rfit» 3oi*•rto•t: 



to the lill» nn! ie »o crnnl<<«r©d. Tli# niin oJ' an tmawer deiiying 
the material allcpa-h lonn of the fcill walrel thp rt^-ht to '^emur to 
it, uxi ^ ^•:lno« thf> snBW«r ^la not kvotu to th»ire ^aa nothing to 

support th<* n^otlori to •UB'jri'n'e. 

Tr-.ie, t^?» nmor.<1e'^ \<iXl waived juicwar 'jn^.er oath, but 
DotwithBtaiifling this <lef <»n Var.t coul'. have verii'ie^ tho ^wiawer and 
ahoul<^ have ^ore Rr , if h^ '''flsslrfti to ubs Ike 8u-isiw«r in mairing a 
motion to rlieeplve. Jf the an8T»«r hiid been veriried It wouH 
have hean necessary for oompl iinuit , upon the motioii to -lisBrlve, 
to have supporte'l th<- allegations ol* » iis bill, 

^e will not H«nurae that flerendant iUiBWRred a bill ^rhich 
'©flis in fast f'^f'urra'bl*'. The actual eit';ation on thia record la 
that the Cvurt at the tla«. It ^ieriied the motioi. to diesolve the 
injunction had b-jiVro it an .li; .«»jtt?©d bill swori'; to, the allegations 
ol' which fltl'en Vmnt ha/t a-'jT.ltt^d to he eul'lMoient hy ansswering. !>>© 
hill ^ap Rw©m to; the f»xewer w-ip not, Th^re was therei'ore nothing 
befor*- th»» court v^ioV- v'oul'*- eupocrt a action to -lie solve, 3ee 
i'l 1 1 i ajr. | ^ V, C hlcRfTe Ifxhih 'tten ^?o.., .ey .ora; T »unre v. Cotmty of Ktct k 
IfllaxTi. ^73 111., 53. 

?)»,*» orimr Is -afrinaed. 

Johnston and KeSijUrely, J7. , concur. 



*wrf ,/(iao itoftniif tnt'wnam j^nrJt«ir iXlr,- ■ 



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364 - 30S07 

J. i;. SUliT^S-iOii , 

App©ll«€, 

▼•. 

; '. Appeliant. ) 

MB, JUSTICE J0HHJTO» DKLirxiiiKD wiu^ 0. liilOH up ?H2: JOuHT. 

This la HH aipj>«ial by i.'liceseli Brothers Ooiapiiny, 
th« def«nd?Jiut, fro» a ^luigment in thx. 36683.17 in jfM,vor 

ot J, L. B\url«aoa, cae plaintiff. 

Th« olJiim of tiie plaintiff is thixt the dof«nd?xut wa.ft 
Indeoted to hia for ^6867. 3'^ with interest, ; sold to r.he 

defendant by th« J, K, Bturloaon Mica Ooif^pfmy, -: oorporo.t ioii; that 
tile plaintiff wags the actual b on a fide owiier of bh© ali:iim af;»\inst 
th« defendant by assignment from th& J. ii, Burleaon llioa GOEipdny. 

The defense of the defendant was that tb© plaintiff 
waa not an aotual bona f ide ovwisr ex the alais; *:ind further that 
aome of the I'aioa, jsuaomiting in value to ;|£<5i-6.Sl, wae deftfOtiv© 
(iiid not the Idnd agreed upon; that the ddl'^ndxoxt is entitled to 
reeoup daiaag^eB for the defeatiTe laiaa und cviao for the iossi; of 
profits aaovuitlng to ^3, £60; nnd that thersfc defendant is 

not inde^bted to the plaintiff in aiij^ sum whatef^r* 

5he oae© w^is tried i!eio:re the aorxt ^d thout a jury. 

JJuring the j^ar 1320 the J. >,» Burleaon .Jia-i aocjijany 
sold largv qUv'wtitieB of ^ioa to the ddf«nd;mt* lio acmplulnt waa 
msAe by the defendtmt aa to t,h© quaMty of xny of the mi .-t 

'3 to three ahipraents whlah were isade under orders of the dtiieti- 
dunt of June 11, 10-30, referred te as order Koa. le&lO and Ibtll, 



tOSOS " Mi. 

^ i^iwqmtQ B'SBivSCTiii iJ^fflaiifAJbi ^m . jt«»^!a[«f i: 

%tliat&l^ tat tadt\um tmim»''^ 
si 'taB^. 

*^tt)%^i ««lll «nfiftX^ci^-\*i »i «ic^ ®<^'■ 
.XXciSX ' .J«f« OXaSX ♦»•<>■■« ■•J»A«0 ,Xx femrt 16 ^-a^- 



flier « waa aonaid«ral)l« oorr«apondGiiO« betwe«u the 
J. i. Btufloaon Company aud \iim dei«m4ant. 'feny of the i- 
related to the failure of the def^adjiut to ranfet? prompt nayni^nts. 
On July fc, 1920, the J, h, i^urleaen Oompvi 

ant, a-iying; "TShen I was In to see you, ;o-.i was :u .:o' 'ooit 
eeiidiag down aoaie money, but so far 1 hay© not teard anything about 
this and we need this money, Pleaae looic ^dTter thle ^.t onoe," 

In r&ply to this letter the defendant wrote, Yo\ir 
letter of July bth. is rooeired and we hw© Ijastruot&t 
ing department to sen* you remltt moes iamedlately in ©ottleiaeat of 
suoh ohipmeats as have Ueen resitalriJd frcsa you," 

^oly », 1920, the J. E. Burleson Cojap-iny wrote lo the 
defendant as follows: 'Uow so far you peeple have f'llled to com- 
ply with ay reimest rii^out sending moBoy domi here and have taljced 
very indifferent about it; now up to thie tia© our BhlpGiexi. 
runs ground .;>4000, iud w© are preparing another shipiaent ori yutii 
the iron pattorna." 

Again on July 23, the J. L. Burleso^ Coapany wrcttts the 
defendant, oaying: llow I don*t llfco to do business wi ho 

do not live up to their aoflkraot. liow today \s© are ship^.in^- ^'o\i 
SOD pound* of seleoted mioa, one ol the finest o 
ndiea that ^» have ever shipped out, this is to cut trit i vrj^ 
H >' 6» this puts your aooount between .^.6000 m& $7000 and t;o~ 
morrow another oaae «»111 follow* fiow you ixave failed to suiswer 
several of our letters. Hoping that you will not let this happen 
any more. We have our payrolls to take ar,re of axiA if our aus- 
toners do not help ua we o-yuiot hire our labor here or get out 
anythliig. »'e ask you t© forward us v aheoic for ?it least 16000." 

In .0. letter dated July .51, l^SO, written hy the a.Qt 
fendj^mt to the J. is. Burleeon Company, the defendant said: "^.U; 



iteaXi^ w««t :!»#«? »w.fi i»«o&-:^^fii,gajy^i» #j»dw« *ati.. ., .. ,,, ijiii, ^z 

ii#0«l ira ?.Sai&<yliC*Bi 'SttJlll^a;:- ■aijl-ij-'aifjTti^ fc-'x . ,. ..^^giXii a«3S% 

<-c»* J^tm, 900??$ licw OOtWig £a»»v,'*»tf tms^o&n itua-^ #;?«»q al<d!i ,a X "|« 

%ismm ii^:. b^s<0%/:-m-^-.mX''*i^ 'f^mx^: Mlm-'^^^m mM^m^ mf.r*>-- 

t»a 9di ^tf <«»tmt* ,<^@1 ,xe ^Xff$ A**W/ :£$^jf.-. 



to assure you that we are doing all in our po^er to pay your ac- 
counts proit^tly Bii'i wish to work vith you at all tiffles,* 

August 18, 1950, th« J. 3. Burleeon GoiBpaJny wrot« tho 
defendant as follOvTs: *W« hare "be^^n advised by our l^aiLk th^t our 
draft wade on you for ^5000 has be«n returiiel m<\ no »tt«ntlon pu,id 
to it rith no excuss as to "^'^y it -la-z not psild. £cw, gsntlemen, if 
we T\jn our business we havf> tr> mectt our payrolls, wi'^ we cannot meet 
our payrolls tmlese our cusstr-mera pay us, ^'ow va l llc« tc i^n ■bns.t- 
nffsis "srlth yeu and '' opp to eonilnu® to sell you ales., >.ut ?t the 
sarae tiuae w«^ do tuplnpaa for what n^oxiey -we make, ^p Vi^ive afiked 
you ttaii= ana again for ?». .•3h«?ck ooTering aecpunt ^n-' we •rp't ro re- 
sults. We just recRlrea your telfigr&aa asking for prices or, ?5 
pounds of i»o. 3 cicfeT Biioa, no"*' ^e are not c^oint to r(?.jik» you any 
further prlee cr ^ipBients until there is scHie Sc'TtiGf?-ct<)ry rettle- 
ffient ef your aceouiit, i.o'SF we sisTply efvunot wait jauch longrr on 
you to pay your aceount, IfeleB^ ^e have cJieok from you in rettl.e- 
ffieut of 3rour aceount by the 25th of thia Bierth -pe will he farced to 
plaee t}>iss account in t}ie h.tia<i.ti of R. G, Dun h Co, fo^ eollf^otiou 
at that time. When you raalce your settleKents we ?ire r°ai1y to make 
yea further sbipiaents cjn your Tarioca er^ere aa tht» micsi, is paeke<3 
snfl waitjjag to hrar Irom you wit): checUs, We bope that yoii will on 
receipt ©f this letter take thp matter up rjad not lay it -.rl'-ie 
until the o*ieck ie mail<»>d to U8, * 

©M August 19, 1920, the (?efeitJdsint wr«»te to thR J, K. 
Burlf^son CcaipiUiy as fol^nwf*: "Rt-feirring to your s^v-ral prerioue 
1 fitters r©g&r€ing your aoeountfs against ua, and duelling on pijr 
hueiness^ relati&ns in ge^xn^aX, p ^a-ae "ba wlvieed thut I ai» InBtrnct- 
ing our Accounting Pepartment to iiim<?'diat<^.ay j'end y©« "•.-'bettmtiftl 
resiittanoes and thsse realttariees Ttlll bo followed up "jKoet daily 
until your aeeoimt is settled in full, It^ers haa been a ^^reat 
slump in this territory in the d^Kianl for ad ea, owing to the slow- 
ness of husineas at %hei haads &f the Heati»^ elemoat ?e:ple. Thas* 



-awe "^sox x/r^^i «- ts^m "Ufi^ ak X£a aaiieli «*» •*.■ 









*'litiOi>f'. 



Ttrt tfc 






t-*»««iXil«^ 






.Xij* 



JV'/i. 'ij/J. 



•.'6 R«®t3i;aifts JO 88?,' ; 



neool** «.r*? very slow In snalcing r«inltt«knce« to U3 for shi^piaentB, 
'ixi<3 All thifc >)''9 ^'-*«3 s t9nd9n<^ on our Tjart to >iolfl v'p t>ay!P«nt of 
yt>ur accowte, r?.9 we deci'ie:^ aom- tlm« a^o th^.t if th«e# ^xceowtB 
v-r« n<3t settle'^ in •ixty '^aye, '^** 's'onl''. t»3«;e t^« mica "b^ck 9n4 
r«txiTE it tc yoti. fhft situ^.tlon is no^ iicurorlBK ana w« 1'©«1 mora 
^nco«Ts^e4 0Y*T th* ©«Wook. If you ^11 b* a little n^tl^nt with 

Attiruat '^3, 1§^0, the -T. S. Burleson Comp^uiy wrot? as 
fellows to the d»f entrant: •leplylr'S tt' T*?"^ l«tt?r of the 19th. 
File X7S6. Wher ««■€ >n^y ®ie«i -we pay fer It. kn^ ^e r5r. net flTo«»ct 
t>?^ parties r>'cm w«* luujr it frcn te tske It hack. .*Jr»<1 wVen vnv 
or-^sr ffiic-a fron un and T^e fil'J nj\ or-^^r ^e aro not i,:;oln,'~ to taJc# 
the Hiica h'iGis:. We oex. 't help ¥^ether jonT axv^tm^r pays for It 
or not; an^^. if jm aspect this ymi h«tt-r not oyd«r any raica fro» 
«s. i^ow if y©i.? tnke orders in our k=9J5i«, i»*» ^^fli f':o aft«r the 
'^uPtomr for p&j ir^'.tsad 9f cordnn after yon. "Bnt :ron. ht«^ a>«n3u*ly 
ysBpenaihle to us for «T®ry iporjaa ©f lalca that jnu OTder fv^m xin ajnd 
?fe ahlr- to you. Ana ^« have nothing at all to -^e ^ith your eslleo- 
tloBs. We wcul^". not sell yon or «nyho<1y '^lae -■'ni tak-^? the e^ccus© 
that you ht^r^ offered that yon '^-.ntl'*. t^lre th?» mie?? h^cl' 93^^ ship 
it haek to tiB. ^e haTe n«rer sewR tMo lT5tln»t»<? ir yotir l(»tt.«r« 
hftfor« ana if re h&?^ we ^o->iX'^^ harf> told you that we rrv-vl'^^ ret ^ie 
hticlxsesn this ^'ay. ^ov our terros of nal(=' tr all, are 10 l^yp S5^^ 
©ff or net e»sh in :5C ^Jay-. frmi ''".+ '' o^ "bill, ^«f^, "^^ e?T>ect to 
tapJfeiS a*ttl«n*nts this -way, ^y^d ar'^ '^llliiar to fll?- yonr orr»i»rp on 
this hapis. No-«^ rn the '?ecr.ijRt 0f your nftnl^^t^Sft "'"•o s^ttT » with 
u© w* haT© hal. t<^ horrow moiif^ --^rid vnj intr'T^.nt r>r. i^ in f^T<^^r to 
me«t our *»^yroll9. T©i» !*tat«i th«,t wm ehoiild not drnw », ^^r^ft on 
you, In aj3sv«r to this w<% ^'i''^«14 atats thn,t yoti aho'tl.d -ofty »t?! 
prosBj^tly and save ug fr©ffl dyswlng a draft on you, So'* on Monday 



,8jXi!S.Sii 






w« will go to •hiT>T)lnp' o«t on ytiMv orl^crm nj'nln , Vut "re must her* 
BTOffipt settlemftnt» acoor'ling to our t«»TTOfi, Tf jon pwt in -r^ shrtpe 
that yoa can't pay, you pivft us a 3' or 60 days' aec«nt'-'nc* rnnt 
▼9 eari use in the Baiiks her® so -\8 to t.f»k* on.r'> nf r>ur '^■3^-lr)**P9. 
Then we ■pIU not have any friction and everything will run Along 
smoothly. *• 

AttguBt 23, 1920, the dfifen^wt wrr.t« the folio -ing 
letter to the J, i^, Burleson Coatpany: *^ill you irln<ily arrange 
to BTi9pi?n<S Bhipaent on our orders 18510 an-l 13511, Grilling for 
1000 poii«dB of 1 3/4 X 6*' iJJd 100© -poundei of .5-\ x 6", rs-j-^nctiv-ay, 
11:® party to -^hom we hava sol<! this Mica ii? in financial fllffi- 
ctilty and has asked us tn hold up shipments on his two orders." 

August 33, 19?.0, tl".? ^iefendant nsj^ln wrotf' the J. J\ 
B^irleson Co«xpany as follows: "Yooir letter of Awfnjst 18th is ro~ 
oei-^ef^, regarding ©mr refusal to hatas^r yonr draft for tPrro.OP, 
I think our Aeeountlng "DepartEienfc has insile^i to you J?pv«r?l 
vouchers in part e«ttl#E3.ent of your eecount? aifrainst v^. I wrot* 
you very fully regarf!inH- the Mica situation in this territory oe 
August 19th, acd we want to say to yon that if you -^o n^t r%nt to 
do bueinesB -with us in the regralur -^^ay without pressjin^fj ns nil fh^ 
tlHie for 8ettle)3*eiit , we will discontinue our business rclationg 
with your cosipaay entirftly. «('e have been endeavoring t© favor you 
with orders, even at higiier prices than quoted to nn hy oth<5T T>ro- 
ducere and we d© not like the attitude exnr*^9ae4 ¥y you In this 
letter at all, particularly in view of the efforts ^e heve T>ut 
forth to aasist you in furthering a financial project to hrlij yotj 
in developing your properties. W© would just as soon ''ieeoatir.ue 
ear busineee relatione with your coBipany entirely, if you csj^not 
^e a little ar^re lenient with ue -md insteafl ©f preesin'^ ue nl\ 
the tira.-, eh©-?? a tendency to worf^ with ue, A sonsri:1PT-^M^ T>.?iDount 
«f the kiea covered, hy your 'Iraft for |S,or.o,00 la .'•till in oar 



•;4l»*fW''% 



warehouse here tm'^ellv^rfsd beoauee of a aluasp in tJie t>u8lne»8 of 
our cuawoaasrs, ■m'*. If you en.y the 'word wc shall "be fe;lad to return 
all this iiica to you for full er«'!it rua^ send you no more ordora. 
When you wer« hsre, ve on^icsTorert to explain theae matters to yo« 
and you seemed to un<^*»r stand them, hut your recent eorreepondenoe 
«how8 you hare a<1opted entirely (^IflVrwit tactioe. ?«'e do not like 
your threats to til'Jce a.cooi'ntj« agninst ua iri the hands of h, 0, 
Bun * Company find the wrlt»T Ip ff th« opirdon that it woult^ he 
much "better in -view of your disTJOsltion to dlseontinue sending 
orders entirely," 

August 54, 197^0, the ■ilefendant wrote th« follc^'ing 
letter to the J, K. "Burlpeen Company: *lfour letter of August 
19th is reeeircd, «uid all I c^i say to you Is th^t the -writer 
has given inetruetians to our 'Mt» Slizer to discontinue sending 
yott any further inquiries or orders for mica, in vi^sw of the 
opinion you have of this sompany and the attitude you have recent- 
ly ta^en Tith respect to yoxir aeecunts a^^inst us. Ve think the 
only course for us to follow i? to discontinue our r, asiness rela- 
tions with the J, S, Burleson Miea Csmpany, then there will he 
no friction, I have ^Iso instructed Mr, Sllaer to return to you 
f9T credit the mlot^ i^iiieh we have on hand at our warehous© re- 
eeired fro» your ooiroany 's^hieh we have bean holding here pending 
Inatnaetions froia oiir e-istoio'^rs to deliver to thorn. You ovidently 
do not wisSi to fiork *ith ua aleng the lines necessary to handle 
thia trade to the best advanta{-», which jneans we must hold the 
«iea here until t^ey sre r?adj'' to use it and pay for it, as we 
d© not wish to deliver mic» to the trado unless we are ssure tli^ 
have the money on hand to settle for the siaterial. Under such 
eireuffigtaneea we do ««t propose to hold the hag entirely and pay 
you in full for mioa «*leh has not bee© delivered to our cus- 
tomers, p^A 8.8 yea are ttnwilling to give -as aiiy tiise to dispose 



9tU * 



::ja,*.;->5Hft' 






'trf.-r.ri?!!? »:tS5- sral 



ii3i:i'» 'u' 



of t^iis mica, which in view of our preTlouo correenondenc* w« 
understood was nent ub on coasignraont , we rav« decicJad the b«»t 
course is to drop all previous arrangements we h»ve had with you. 
yurtherxaore, the writer will feive no further activities to the 
matter of ende&voring to finaucs your mica prcperties. " 

August 23, 1920, the J, tu, Burleson Company wrote 
the defendant as follows: "vVe are act going to take baok any mica 
that we have sold you, for the very reason that ^e vent to a very 
heavy expense to select this sica ^ii(i trim It out according to 
your orders. It took three h>.a5dB a solid month to tri» and se- 
lect this mica out suitable to cut these tsattems. We never sell 
any mica to sjiybody and take it baek, Th'^n we have your letters 
urgln/y «e to make shiptsenta of this mica right 'ilong. *«•** Thera 
was nothing ever intiasted, in any ©f the conversations with you 
while in Chi cage, nor in any of the GorreeT»cnd*»nce, concerning 
selling you raica on Coffijais&ion, we never sold ^ny mica this way 
and would not do bo, and never intliHated that ^e t^ould. We have 
your orders for all the Bdca sixipped to you. We have always done 
■business in a straight foirward and up riglit way stnd have never 
had any trouble with any body before anything like this. It seems 
from your letters that you had an i<lea that we were able to sell 
you miea and wait indefiniicely for the pay. ** Shis matter has 
all grown out of your neglee*; to carry out what you wrote us in 
the two letters first above referred to, ** w© 5>.r<? enclosing 
you herewith a statement of your account up to ''pte,and a part 
of this is no's past due, and if you ^^ant to oontinue doinfr busi- 
ness with US, we will aocapt your Trade acceptances lor this ae- 
cotmt for 60 days, ^ith a check for the Interest on saae at th« 
rate of 6^ per ^nua. Sow if re can do business with you along 
this line as outliaed in this letter and previous l^^tters, it 



id: 






\stc. 



vill Ye peil>ctly patipfaetcry to contlr\te hueineep Ti'ith yen, low 
where EJi pcc5iir-t runH ?'0 c'pys ttc' 1? net foia p.t tl-'e «":^ ci' tH« 
tiam t\iB.t yctt msip us r>. Tr-".*?*^ Aceeptrxce frr tve aecoxint I'cr 60 
days from tHat tiate, this '^lll >:!«* untissfaetcry t.c tie en lonp- »• 
we can ubp t> cbc at our Vnrkr here. Then r,n t>ip ot><»r h°~r."^ if ypu 
do not rieti to -lo -yif?, it ^-111 "hp BRtlisfr.ctori' tr ^i8C'--ntlntt« 
tuslnpsn t.'lth yen, Ati'' if yrm -lo not '*"vnt to '?o t»ay fttrther 
"bu«ln<58s on *h<» "b^pifi g.e nntline<i to yeu, ■p*? will a«)r yow to send 
ue a check for yo»r account in full. But we -wnxit you to f^istiactly 
underetsad ths,t ■*■? -jre not jXolKf tc tsJce back any mica that "^tf- 
have prepart'd I'or you «r.r' BMpt>e''i to you," 

October ?-6, 19J»0, th« .t. i;, Bnrleson Cwnpfinr wrois'^ to 
tii© defeftdaiit as follo'-'s: "We wrote joa soma time ago an/l aak 
you to have a^Bt do-«?ri to ns at l«iiat "1^000 ©n aecount, ancl you 
answered that ycu w$ulc! hav.-^ it s'snt :lown, and np to this writing 
we have rao^ived ko ehficJfe from vou at all. Sow we -^rit** to "urge 
yoa to send us xt l^ast ^.'^OOO down on your noennnt, f?o we will 
receive the esiae bf^fore the firpit of tV?«» ment> if ponsiblr-. As 
you tonow we earinot isftet our ns.yrolls venl^sr ^nt evr^tcrere V.^i-p ub, 
by leaying up th«ir aeaounts ^Y.9n we .-^rp ir. re'^^l of nsje^e, ^^ow mi- 
leee you ««©{* thlg -sre •^111 he in a rs^ry ^wk^^in^ -position, ^nd raay 
do UB corridera'ble dBKa^ If we do net r^cPire thie remittanee 
"by the J'lrst of the rapiRt>, An-^ wp nslc ycu tr ^If^^se see th«3t this 
money ie eefflt at once,* 

^©veic"b«r 1?, 192C, the J. 1, Burleson CoHpany wrote 
to the defendant e.e follow©: <tJp tr- the prepert ycu pt"* Osfing us 
16,711, CO, lew we have n note thp,t if ''«© on the loth of this 
month for fsaeo, and. we ha^e ask them to hpld np to give us 1© 
daya to raise. IMr monej, srd we are expecting a cheek j>om you 
for a psrt of it, tsni^ they have notified us that they woul('. sue 



4 s. 






xj: i'«? 



i^fi-U*. 



us on the 20th il* '^e Hid not hruve it T>Ri<l Ijy that timfl. fio'J you 
must h?lr) ub oxit "^rith a. oheok lor at least ^i^C-OO or Tre nre foing 
to suffer. «•'**" 

lfov«»ab«r 23, 1930, the 'iel'endHiit wrote to the T, ■^, 
Burlason Comnany as follo'«'«: "Your 8«vfira\ r«?cent letters r-j- 
gardlng T>»-7iBent of your aeootants havft "baen Itly reoelvad in4 
carefully noted. The -writer /sas inatructit! our Traa«uri»r to ijii- 
sssr^lately take st??® to pny up yo?ir .locounts, ini I uniSarat^md 
that -SuriBg the laet seTeral ''.ays <& fsw re.Tsittiancea h?.TO b€!«»n 
in.3.d« to yo«. Our oolleotiona have teen V2xy slc^ In'^.c-'^ri!, ^nd some 
cf our beet oustoiners ?*xe takiafe from sixtj to ninety days to net- 
tle? th^ir aec ufits, We appreciate thr isnlancy you hav" si own uc, 
aji:j '«!'ill endeavor t© recipreoate in tire iuture hy «vB.king pp.yffient 
of cur accoiints more nroiaptls'; l;ut yoi will Tcnlizt bh&.t if our 
curtomers delay their aettiemeate 'Itb ub it is esiharr; «ing, snd 
we '.}0'5'? you t?ili continue to let us hfe-vs ae much time as possible 
to settle your aoeounte until cmt trade b--?oo»^e8 more proiapt in 
making remittances to ur. We vtmii to uo -jJ.! the "owsinsBS ve can 
with you, and ■«re sp-^reeiate the '^ttr-Ktion you hiave given all oitr 
criers," 

Beoeffih«r 11, 1930, thft daf^aiaant ^«Tot«» ts* th.*? .7. ■^. 
BurlssoB Cempany as fello*-*a: **Hef err?. n.-j tr) cur orders js:ob, 
C-iasiO sad C-iasil for Second t^ustlity Gloro" Mica, larga enough 
to &%% 1 3/4* X S" ;5fcnd S^-" z 6^. "^e still V.ave 5C:< of thiss mica 
on hand, lour fir^t ahipment of this mica was accepte'l ty cur 
custoiaer, hut suhaequent shipraenta hav»^ 'ceen ref-A3«d[ hy bim h*- 
cause they ar« etaln«4, faifi as the order so^dfiej! •»o. ?! clr^r 
Mca thia euetom^r would not auceiJt the? itaterial. fif^vf^rf^T, we 
wars ahlft to dlspos© of all the jalca ejcco-nt the first shipsient 
from you at lesa money th^n w« quoted our eusto'tJcr, We still hav« 
left about 400 po-;ind.8 of th« full flat li'on pattern and 300 pojnd* 



-tR J)rt(^ 



•9r«c it* 



xo 



•f th« hall flat iron pattern, wMoh we hare oli:«red to ^Toaooo- 
!!▼• auatouiera at the S'iia* prloe aa ?ou quoted to ua, namely, 
|3.26 on the half flat Iron pattern and H.i;f on the lull Hat 
Irm pattern. The writer tiiought he oould depend upon the Burle- 
aon Mioa Ooiupany to ehip ua tattt^rial exactly as apeoified, aid 
therefore aid liot oheoic up your shipments until the aeoond lot v&a 
refused by our ouatoiaor. ?.e are iaetruoting our Shipping Bepart- 
aent to return to you for full aredit all the miaa we aare on hand 
and whioh we ocaxoot dlapoae of at the priaee inroioed to us. 'fhis 
la the reason you have not had settleaent of owr ^looount. If you 
had adTiaed us before that you aould aaoept a reduation of about 
■H*00 per pound in the ^rioe of this mioa we might have beea nble 
to dispose of the material at thle coat i^rloa.** 

On Deoeaber 17, 19>;0, the defendrmt «?i;'0te to the J. E. 
Surleacm Qoaspany as folloaa: 'In reply to your fa'9'or of the 14th 
instant, wherein you state that Uioa on our orders C-16&10 and 
C»16&11 was the same quality aa aallad for on oiir order and ex- 
actly what you agreed to furnieh us, please be so (<ood as to loofc 
at our order and you will uote it o ilia for seoond quality, olear 
Mioa. Ae you imve furiiiahed us stained Ijioa in thia iiistaj, 
do not see how you mm ol&lia tiiAt this is th& eavsie grnde of Uioa 
aa the order oalle lor* If you doubt our v^ord ixi this instanoa, 
«• ahall be glad to give you the name of omt oustomer who is to be 
tlM ultln&ta judg« of this and you will then rerify our statement 
that all he toolc of yottr Mioa was the firat ehlpffiexit, as he olaiias 
that the first shipjjient was up to your cpeuifioationa hut the fol- 
lowing shipment %is tst&ljied Moa hdA haA nothing alear about it* 
Regretting that this has happened jsnd acsuring you that if we had 
been able to diispoae of tnia iiio& elsewhere at oost price, we 
would have done »o, we are." 

The firat nottoe thsvt wKxa glren to the 3, %, Burleao^i 



ox 



-i?@^,so'x«j o:^ Atawito »T.<3d «»w ii»ld>- »irx«i^5r«q tto-sl ?^jaXt tlM &Ai '3:0 

. *^lyjsU ads amqM Jto«^»i5t MiLsn»& M 'ixi^tuii •?•*»•* iifw »*lf ,jfw»?,i.^<r{ fsiwti 

9Mb 'tmi ©vwaC l«f'5 "^*Xl 

•are kte «»J&i. XIS8i~f-' 

,toaii;)6'ili »l;i' - "'-.Q'sf lys Si;.?)''.- 
6!ii 0"" " ' -'■^^ ^iwrrC'j'-jiijj tie© l:a nm^t ^i^^ -iu^i, wyxj; u^ j-,: 









r.iilnCSlAM'. hit>< ^Blt: 



'^^Li•.t;f .i'i'^s;'' 



iUfOi'V 



IfOfi. 



u 

ItULoa Company Indioiting tmt the dof«nd.*Mit wouj. .nd the 

orders I3os. 0-185X0 aud CoI8£iXl, was contained lu the lattor of 
Deoember 11, 1^20, set out above, from the d«l«ndant to the J. }L, 
Bttrldson Ooxapmis^, The i^loa reforred to In this letter ix&d been 
shipped to th« deffejidant on July 3, lUSO and August iia, l;JJj;0. It 
will bo notod ther«foro, that nearly »ix months Interrened between 
July 3, 1920, and D©aefl*j«r 11, 1920, thft d^te of the idttor. 
i*urth<3riaiore tho ooi^plaint was made by th© dsXeiid'iat only after 
21. BixrlQ&ou Oom^>'%ny had laado r«pe>i,t«d des^ianda on the defendant for 
the payment of it a aaootuit wit;h the J. L* Burleson Gocipany. 
fhe first oontentions of «ouas*il lor the; d©f«sndfmt 
are that the ajaeMed affidsivit of the plaintiff in regard to the 
.^esignment of the claio does sot acKS5>ly with section Xb of the 
fraotioe act; and furthoraior® that the assigjamant was not proved 
by the oerpox^te rcoords ef th« *'. i., iJurleson Cosa^ivmy, Oeation 
18 of the ?rA«tioe ;iot, yhapter 110, pron4#e sa follows: '*'Bm 
assignee and equitriljle and bona, fide 05m«r of atiy cjhese in -nation 
not negotiable, heratofore or hereafter asaigned, im.j arae thereon 
in hie own nnae, a.nd he shall in his pl»>ding on oath or by his 
affidarit, where pleMing ie not reqxvlred, allege th&t he is the 
aetueJ. bona fide owner thereof, ^md eet forth how and whfioi he 
aegaired title. '^ 

1!he amended affidarit of the piaiutiff in r©8}. 
the assignment is ae lollowe; Shat the plaintiff ''is the aotiial 
and bonia fid e owner of the alaiaws eet forth in the aiacrre atatement 
of alalia, having aoquired title to the ayao by Hesit^nment upon 
valuable aonsideration duly made by sa iid J» L, Burleson Mioa 
Company, a Sorth O-iirolina eorporition, on December 18, 1930,'^ 

OeunseX for the defendaixfc aentenda that the affidavit 









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ol* the plaintiff "shoiiLd have set forth 'how' he received" the 
aB8ignn«>nt. Counsel for the defendant citee mtborities whioh 
hold that section 18 siuet be etrietly complied with. 

■^e do not think that the objection of counsel lor the 
defendant that the affidavit fails to show "how" tne plaintiff 
acquired title to the claim, is well taken, *e are of the 
opinion that the allogatione in the affidavit that the plaintiff 
acqtilrea fcitle fey ar. aasigjnment from the .T, 3, Burleson Company, 
a corporation, for a vstlualile son ai deration, sufficieritly cowply 
with the orcTlqion of section 18 requiring an assignee to st^ite 
*h©w* he aeoTiirel title, 

l"e ars also ©f the opinion that the assignM«:>r3t of the 
claim to the plaintiff v/as properly provea. Counsel for the r!e- 
.fen?!ant .siaiatains that proof was est properly made as required 
by sections 15 and 16 ©f the Evidence act, chapter ?>1, These 
sections are as follo'^^s?: Section 15: "The papers, entries and 
records of 8Jiy eorperation or incorporated assoeiation may he 
proved by a copy thereof, eertified un^.er th« hjjjad of the 
secretax:.', clerk, esshler, ©r other keeper of the sajcse. If the 
corporation ©r ineorporated assoei&tion has & seal, the same 
shall be affixed! te stioh eertifieate, * 

Section 16: "The certificate of mieh clerk of a 
eourt, eity, village, town, eouasty, or aeeretsry, clerk, cashier, 
or other keeper of siaoh papers, eatrles, records or ordtnssnoee, 
shall contain a statement that sueh person i© the keeper of the 
saase, and if there if? no atval, sh?ili so state," 

In the ease at har the evidence showed the exist en es 
of the Gorporation, the J, 1. Burleson Uoiapany, by the articles of 
iacorpo ration, hut the evidence does not show by the corporate 
records the asaijcEjasjnt of the clsdra to J, j£, Burleson. The 
evid<sncs by oral testlsiotty showed that at a laeetiag attended by 









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all of thf r'ireetoro ani Rtockhol4er» of tVi*> corrjoratlon, a vota 
was t?tk«n, siii'l the assignmejat to •^. '-. Bnrleson waa agrend uoon; 
that ittSnute* of the meeting v^vf. taken 'out that the minntae >jad 
nerer been transcrihed into the jain«te book of the coroor&tion; 
that the minutes were lost and after search made for them eouli 
not he found; that no entries hi\d heen made in the corporat* hooks 
of the co:£^oration sines 1917. 

In rcgari. to proof by p'?rol evidence of ftorociate 
acts, Fletcher on Corporations, vol, 4, section 2796, pp. 4052, 
4053, 4054, states Rs follows: *'A statute requiring the airec» 
tors of a eorpor»tion to keep full entries of their tra-nsactlons, 
hut not providing that iparol evid«ne« ehsill b« inade-daaihle to 
provs their acts when bo record is kept, does not render auah 
evidWice ingi^iflisslhle. Parol ©•vilenee is frei^uestly introdueed 
to shew matters not of reoord. fh« mere f<%ct that th© corporats 
minutes were made op informally dO!*s not destroy t^eir force 
Inhere they are admittedly eerrsot, nor dof'S a failure t© make a 
record of Broceedlng^s at the time invalidate th«B. ke a general 
rule a vote or other actlen an the part of the directors nef4l not 
be by a fersial resolution entered on the minutes ©r records of the 
corporation, unless it is expressly required, and wher. it is not a 
matter of record, it m&y be proved by parol evidence, And of 
course, chey aay be pi'oved hy parol where it is shown that the 
record has been lost, smfS also ^here the boots ha,ve been destroyed, 
what was dene at the Bieeting may be she^rn by oth^r evidence, ■♦ 

eemjsei for the defeadarit eontend^s that the court 
erred in refusing to allo^ the defendant to make the following 
proof offered by the defendimt: "Tyjat Mlkesell Brothers, defend- 
ant, notified .^. 1, Burleson, Tfha is the oresident of the J, 2, 
Burleson Mica 0©., at the time he was here in Chicago, th9.t the 
fflaterial was to be Uo. 2 dear aiea. and tfeat it was to be used for 












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ifi «« 



14 



insulation in the flat iron trade; that the kikesell Brothers Co. 
A±A inlorm the tjlaintiff that th«y hiid an order lor this iclnd of 
Biica to be used in fist irons lor trie oirticnlar cuatomer and that 
the defendant -lid furrilah the cuator^ary requisition in B^ape as to 
what it required to In^ used by thin particul?i» ciACtoiraer; that the 
defendant eo/qiany after the or'ler "'as sif-r.ed recei-ved a shipment of 
this material "and thf? shi-!>B3«;Rt wrs XoTTn:Tr\eA tc the Security Elec- 
tric Mff. Co., "being the ewetomejf that was in-Uc?.t?>d to the nlain- 
tlff , end that the Security !lleetrtc Mfs, Co. r»c9lvert the material 
ani used it ir the manufftottvire of flat irons; that cur.ii material 
was uned for the T>\i,r^o(?e of Instilation j that after the usage hy 
this eustoiser of this r'lis.terie,! that by actual t«et it -^ag-. f'^xwii 
it contained ffiineral epete or deonsits whioh isnde it anfit for 
insulatien; that It ruined a large part of the material of the 
ctistoeaer, and the tmstoBiQr retnrned the un?jB@d part of the material 
t© -"ilkeseil Brothers Co, with the coniplatnt that the material was 
not of the kind that oe\il»J fee utiliised for ins datton of ©leetrie 
flat irons; that the miea where the instaation took pl;vde hurned 
threagli smd ssade the iron useless > 'ixi'^ at thp tlsie def«nd£tfit -aade 
the eontraet with the r>Inin+iff the pl^^lntiff w»,a told that "we 
were buying this material for ressvle fin--' it ^as the business of 
^ikeaell Brothers Co, to resell this material to thie prtrtictilar 
C'3«t©raer nxM^ ihsrehy aaalre a profit of se-wer-ty-fire cents a -ooiind on 
two 1,000 isound shi-^ents, and that the as-atfi^rial "wae returned and 
the "balsisee of the aateriml that ^as on hand at the warehouee of 
Mikesell Brothers Ce, w»e examined hy this -witness and all the 
material was praetiealiy the same kind, -uid tb<^reu?»oii a notifi cation 
was given to the plaintiff company by letter of the defective ma- 
terial ^md that the same conld not he utilized for the Burpoae for 
■grhlch it iifaB intended md afterwards .iiikeeell Brothers Co, attsi.pted 
to sell the material to other customers, hut coijld find no one t© 












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uselt and tho iciterl^l r;j,s th«n fetumtd on p«a*»id>i£>r ^)ty to Lh« 
nl^iintiff cora-o^yiy, nn^l tViat t>i«» ouptorter for whom ■'>iIe mica iriis 
T^rrtTpar'^.'^ rfffns«?(? to accent nny i*'?rther ehiprartnts of tJia particular 
ml©* froJK Mlk«»»ell BrotTners Co.; that i.lkesoll Brothers Co. cue- 
tained. <?.flBPaf^*«? ^y rwnson o'^ e^.f'i r«ft.is>>l In ih*-- n->m of •t'?,^J'''^.01, 
whleh Milr«*9^11 Br©t>^!»T« Co. ssV-<»^ to "be r^Gowtji^^ %fe.-5.nat the claim 
of fV'e pi a J r tiff in. t-M?? nr?>eefdir>r, " 

Th** «i"bf»v«s ofi>r nf ^rocf -was wa*!© In ths follr-^-lnff- 
eiTC'>TOstnjnoe8, Pr<»<!, Bli?!«p, acststajfit nnlas war-ager for the iA«- 
ffiiTlant, wfi.s t'^etlfylng' i»s <a ¥»:'tKesR o« behalf of thp d«feB?^ant, 
lmm<?di!at«ly TBr«c«»'1infj th» off#>r of the ^ef W5'^?int B3ir,er bad teen 
exssR'ined as fcilowci; 

"Q,. liow, Mr, Slljser, n.t tb«^ t.l.?n« you Big;n^d t>-'?»» r»rd«rB, 
G- 18510 aae. C-lSSll, brsd ynu «©lii any part of fhlif mica to anybody? 

A. I had B'"-!-'' it. -all. 

fei. To whom? 

A, To th« Ssatjrity BlectrlG F anuf actnrlug Com^sawy. Order 
0-li!l510 was sold for 14.00 p*r pt>?3iid afid e-lSSll at ?^5.00 per ttomd. 

%, At '?rh&t nrnfit? 

^''■T, f^gd^ji: I o'b.i'^ct , if th<* ^ottrt T»l«a»(^, nnfi WEoy«» to 
«rtr-!.lce "tit fhi* ^tnfi»»!s' i3r?w«r. 

Th*? eotjrt: 1 «ill Bwetfiin th« ot>j<?etlon. " 

At tVii« p«^.nt of the ex^p?in<?-tian of li!3l2{#>r the defend- 
'mt m-adff thjs eff^r of t>roof Ih question. We Vink that the offer 
was pr«mat-ure; and fnrtherm&re, that it was larf^'.^lv r etatfimpnt of 
eonolaaierifs and not preei«« faets. 

In the ease of Cht ea^o ^^Cltjr H y. Campp.nx ^. Car rol^, , 
!?06 111. 318, in disexisRing the -nyoced'are in reg:"5.rd to an ©ff«r of 
proof, the eo«rt said (t?, 3J?9): "if i&.-mellant desired to malf^: the 
contention it no-w rank<98, it sheuld li?iT« at le-^et nut a witness npoa 
the 9t9«d and preee^tded far enough tliat the question relatiTS to 






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th« point it is no^ eaifl it was desired to ofier erii^lence uTion 
w»B reached, and ther^ pat the qut-svion nnd allow the court to 
TvtXn upon it, ?ind tbaa oi'i'er what sas expected to be proTsd by 
the witness, IT he was not ailoved to ansvrer th« question ?vsJfef1." 

In the ease of Peep le v, ^^liiai* 272 111. 592, the 
court said (p. 597): "When the co»insei lor the defendants made aua 
offfr of proof the juige suggested to im that the proper way was 
to ask question 3 ^m^ Ist the court r\3le on thea. The court was 
right." 

"fh*? rule in regar<^ to an offsr or proof requires that 
the f^cts fiEc?. not oonclusions munt be specifically stated, hSi^SA 
f t al . V, Beele . 38 111. 427, 430; Martin t. Herts. ^^4 112,, 84, 
»8, m; Ootirt of roBor v. ajnaei*. 123 ill, App. 406, 416, 417; 
Wel , a V, First .I. atlona l Ban-a. of ■..Bglewood . 166 Hi. App., 8, 11, 12. 

We do not thiait that the trial court erre<5 in deny- 
ing the offer ©f proof. 

Ihe defendant has assigned error on the action of the 
co«rt in rsf-uetng ^ajot-ier offer of proof hy th® defendant. The 
#ffer Was as fsllo'ssrs: **ii0w i -iiiul to prove hy the is'itnees Mr. 
Oeterman that on or about the uwath of June, 1920, that he gave 
a» order to Milcesell Brothers Qompany, the defendant, for the 
p«reh6»€ of mica, for flatiron purpoees, and that aubBequ<ait to 
the date of the giving of the oiier that Mr, Klizer tVven had a 
oonTersatioB snl mad« a eontraet with the plaintiff in this case, 
and that the purchase ?rae for aica at ^5.00 a pound and 14,00 a 
perm-l for the other or^er, arid that in piirsuanee of that 5«ikesell 
Br© there shlpp^jd. this to the custotner ainl he used a portion of it, 
aad they used a portion of it; he laade a test of it an.H fouml the 
aiea had mineral etaine roia therefore shorted on the inside of 
the iron, and by reasfn of the sJ.neral stains on said itiea that he 



17 



WJiB obliged to o.aiOGl,tlie order th:it he had jircn MkeBell Brothers 
Co." 

Xhi© offer Involves .ueatlons fjimilar to the off«r .vhijh we 
hare pr«rioualy diaouseed, J^urthermora ta« evldt>noe does not lahow 
that the dofoud-'iut had ajiy aontraot with tho J, i-, Burleson Coai- 
pany In regard to mioa wjiiah the iefead'iat talg-ht sell to Csteriaan, 

We do not thlnl: that the trial ^ourt «srred la atmying the 
offer of proof. 

Ooonael tor the defeudaiit oontands that thu oiourt erred 
In allowing wltneseeft on behalf of the plniutiff to testify in 
regard to a aaaple of raiaa whloh mis iatroduoed in s'^idenee. ve 
do not deem It n&oe^B&rj to enter luto <v det^^lled digoussion of 
oounael'8 uontyntiouB in this respeot, t%m the rule lo well oettlefl. 
tJiat where the trial le beXore the aotirt yd thout a Jjury the adjais- 
sion of Improper evidaaoe la not ^ound for reversal, whoro there 
is proper eyideaoe to Justify the jtuigiaent, iareiling r,^ Horthrap , 
215 111,, 19t:>, 198; Xhe iieroh/^nta' Deapfttoh Transportation OOiggaoy 
Zi ^oagtinfs . 89 111. 152,165. 

On the question whether the mioa was acoordlng to 
speolfioatlons the SYidenoe is <?oiaflioting. On bsh-alf of the 
plaintiff fotir wltaeegea teat if led* fhe &ub®tai*oe of thair teati- 
acmy was thnt in the trade there wsis no ©uoh phrase ae "i'o. £ clear 
mioa;" that lie, 2 Mioa aeant aioa with spots or ataina; that when 
the orders lor the mioft were written, 5, li, Burleeoa told iaiaer 
that there wi& no suoh thing as Ilo. Z olear mioa; tmt i^o. & had 
apote or stalna; and tieit Kliaer wrote on the orders the sjords, 
''310.0 Jc or Bo. 2." 

On behalf of the defendJtnt one witneea, Allaer, testi- 
fied. The aubst'xnoe of his tfeetliaosay whs that he told J. i.. 
iTarle^on, the president of the J. 'd, Burleson Comifany, that hia, 
i-liser'«, oustomer require "second olear qoallty flatiron laioa;" 



_^^£^,q«oO Jio.t laJhKO^ttKfl^y / j^ 'a';^^.*^^^^^ «^f r-^-^-'' .'^'■^^X ,,XXI MS? 






-Xvt»^;S .rtssa.U'Z ,«»«fi?X 



13 



th%t I.url€ison 3^id 'f s "oiild feive hiju, i^ills^er, "thf rif^ht kin.) ol 
Kica. to tak« csre of his, ^lizer's, cnatoiner; tha!; the ailca 
had .'aetsl?..l(5 stalna f^ri that hist customer r-^tume'l it to Kim, 
lllxdr; that ha, Sllzer, does not iaiow who •*rot«^ i.h»» rords 
"BlMck or ^o, 9* ©a tK« ora<»r« for th's iidca; that "rben th« orders 
wera l<3livereA to Bwrleeon the wor<Ja -sieie ant on Uk- orders. 

In this state of the: ev-l.^ene*} the finltni- e«' th'.- c^virt 
Bhoxtli not be Usturhed. I?j thc» cise of fh^ Illliu>i3 ^Csntfaj.,,.i^^, 
0ogpgjij T. GlUia, 6^ Hi., 317, tha aoiiTt said {p. :^19): "If >:aiy 
ruls of tV.'is eoui't omi he ao ^ell tjfst&blisshed &r. to he neither 
quest ioned nor r>%^!4uir«} the citation of aut iorities to supuort it. 
It is that a vcr.iict will oot h$ &8i- :v«lde wheae-ffer th«rs is & 
©ciritrariety of e-vi'.3*j;ic<i», aii^'i thcs fr,.ct& asid, oircomsitaJtieess by i'air 
and rpaeonahl® intewidmeBt , ',vlll au'ilioriise the verdict, not-^rlth- 
•troidiiig it TiiHy appeal' to he .ai;&inE,t the stx-erigth .-ind rsl^ht of the 
tcHtluKmy.* Te th« eaie.e ©ffset are the iolla'^ini, eassca: X:i:::adlg;y, 
■«'• isJMI. 15- 3:11., 15, 89; Cayr.cj 'p. .^ee^, 15@5 "ill., 7S, S3. 
The fiB'iing of 4 eo«rt is entitled to th*; ssmf weight aK^:^ considera- 
tJcja as th» -fer-^iot ^f a .lurj. gia k v. B®D^i«<^. 169 U,.i . , lor, 108. 

C©Tffl56el for the <3^f sn-'ant: ruith®x coriten-^s that the 
ceyrt errea in r«f\a«iiig eertalH prcsogsi fcions of law request®*? by the 
defenlant. 

As we are of the ©piiiion that the Juigm#at ,3f th® triisJL 
court was in %eeoir5.ir.c« witJi ths Idta *»a ^ feh« rjidsfjce, it is iict- 
Katsrlia whether tha ceurt rul«d eorreetly oc tha propoaitlons cf 
1^^« -^S^Mr.elal..3t-ite. B-mk gf Jgorrfestq^i y. £s>ll|erts. S<^0 Hi. ■^>P. . 
3S5, 391, 392; ^uoj-ig & 'Liinu. ^fa. aoiapaay ir. a. J. JKittredjge A Cca - 
JL2Sy_» i*® ^11» App,, 350, 371; c>j.ong v. MuIvaJne^ 119 111. App.lU, 456 
the judfeiaer^t of the trial eourt t« affirtaed. 



M.atehf»tt, P. J., ^d iieiiurely, J,, concur , 



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la - 30241 

OTTO A. SiOMlfKR, ) 

Defendetnt in 2rror, ) SRaOB TO 



) 

) CIRCUIT C0t?1^T, 
▼ • ) 

) COOK GOniJTY, 

A. J. ^UH And JOt{N H. OMAB. ) 

Plain tiff B in ^-rror, ) 24-1 JA -^"f? 

MR. JUcTICS JOHHiiTOB D'^'IAT^'BD TES oyiUIOTJ 0*' THE GOORT. 

ThiB is an action of trespass lirought hy Otto A, ^onBer. 
the plflintiff, against • J. gccsh end John H. I'suEkn, the defendantSt 
to recover dmnge& for in.luriea which It is raieged the -I'-fcndf^ntB 
inflicted on the pljiintiff t^ stssftulting and h«atlng the plslntiff . 

The ease wru tried b<^forp the court and a ,iury. Tho 
Jury retomed a rerdict in fnvor of the pleintiff in the otua of 
fl500« and the court entered judgfisent en the verdict. yroiH the 
.iudgaent the d(?f«ndiiBts have prose ou ted this writ of error. 

The defendfiat, Zech, has filed a brief, but the- defendant* 
Oman, has not* 

The alleged aB«;ttult and battery occurred in a soft d^ink 
parlor, where the olelntiff ^nd tlie defendants were drinking. Th4 
plf intlff 'san !c»everely injured. He vhb in a hospital for about 
six weeks. Hlo ara w<«s broken and orer hie rifcht eye there wrb a 
Iscerstion <i»hich had to be eeved up. He haa not recovered the full 
use of his arm. It lacks about twenty-fire per c^nt of being 
noraal. The bill for sedloal seryloes eawunt-'d to |200, 

The grounds on which Uie defendnnt« Jiak for n r<?ver8al 
of the judgment are prinoipRlly, (1) th-at the .fudgaent is 
manlfeetly agelnst the weight of the evidence; (2) that the court 
erred in denying the defendrnts* motion for a continuance^; (3) 
that an instruction given at the request ©f the plaintiff is 
erroneous. 



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Th9 evidence in regard to the r«ll(>ged asRnult and 

bfttt«ry le eonflieting. According to tiie teutimony of tho 

plaintiff, who waa the only witness on his behelf, Casn hit him 

with his fist and knocked him down* end while he wt^e down Oman 

send Zeoh kicked his. The plaintiff testified in substance that 

he had known ^oh for two years, but had nerer seen Oman beforo; 

thet he did not have ary conTernntion with either Oman or Zeoh; 

th^t they and others '*h»d quite an argument together;" thrtt Oauua 

started to fight with Zeoh and hit hin with his fist; that Zeeh 

did not fall and did not strike buck; th»t he« the pl»intiff» 

attemi^tad to go out the back wmy through a rear room eeparato 

from the front barroom; thf;t he got hs far as the inner door when 

Oman inished Zech past him yelling at Zeoh* "If you haven* t got 

enough now X will giTe you some more;** th^t when he* the plaintiff* 

got into the rear room Oman hit him %ith his fist snd knocked him 

town* and Oman and Zech kicked him; that Oman kicked him in the 

axw and back of the hend; that he, the plnintiff* got up and b^bH^ 

*Tidjy do you fellows want to jump on me;" th?^t he then went out» 

SAW a doctoral and went to a hospital. 

According to the abetract the plaintiff te^tif iefl that 
rushed 
Eoy Ona«) struck Zedh, and/Zech past hiKg the plaintiff* but the 

transcript of the plaintiff's testli^ny in the record shews that 

the plaintiff testified that it was John Oman. 

. August Greenwald* ^ witness en behalf of th<& defnndfinte, 

testified that the fight between Zeoh and Oman took place in the 

front room; that Obuuq too eked ^ch down, and that Z^ch lay on the 

floor fiTe or ten minutes; that he did not see anybody strike the 

plaintiff and did not see Zech kick him; th»t he, the witness^ 

"did not see these people at uny time in the back roraa." 

Zeeh te&tified that he» the defendant* John K. Oman* 

Roy Oman* son of John K. Oman, and some friends were standing 



^mgl^ aatmtmitiii nl b9ttJttietpt t11^ffil4ij^ tttt? .airf &99(&i:i! rfti»».''^ beta 
;«'x«^»d rf««0 r;i»(»ii lOTMt kieifi fiat •«'&i'.c><c e^'^ ('(Si tmM. «A 

dooJS J«<Sil' ;#8S1 sJtflC ri*lw ati- ' ^» da9^ A^iw ;#*; •).*• 

f«»^w. toofe TffittaJt «i# «*«•!: ,«|(«. i»s Sri .^u^a- ;iKt'aii(.Xij{i Imnt «£W Mirxl, 

,Til*Kt«/^ »iW' ««rf aariw it^ife^ *sentci« a«ee «o^ aris iXiw Z ir<Mt sfsnttHd 

fflM bsrfsorof tn |r>' jfjltiw airf ?.ttf tuasQ moo'i ^«e"j »!& ©trti *«» 

«j(i# «|i, aiiit &«»»-.3xx .-srWiaO ^.')cy 'iBBlE? >.r- • '"' ■'--'^ ?^r« K«!iJKi> 2>«tei. «CRr©!fc 

«t0« ^a*" ■"'"■" ""^ '■"'■' ":«« «e «t«R'? ■>'• •'•*'--■ ^^v■w..^,!9t wo'^ ofe "ijpfr* 

fiiii" «o -^^X pfftf! ■■'^n(st;di ttssstO iaAt jiwooit ^f< 

rnii »'At- : -:»*«ttiia «»,*■ "SO Wit rxo«Xl 

^«s«»f»*i:w ©I?.- ;?5i3 .Joff t)t£5 imr Ithtttli'-li^ 

'* <,stnu-' ' ^m bJtJb" 



-3- 

at tlw bnr shaking; dice; thiit he, ^ech, rjnd Roy Oman got Into an 
ergument and thst Hoy 0«an hit hi» end knocked hln de>w« «^nd 
thnt he woo unconscious; th::t he did not comf to hia senuee until 
the next awming; thnt he ncTer hit or kicked the plointiff ; that 
he did not aee the tiefendnnt* John Oatan, rtrike the plaintiff; 
thf't he does not know tfhethcr he ctruok him or not, 

Roy Omftn testified on hehftlf of the (i^rfendnnte tlint be 
kne^ the plaintiff ty uicht; thnt he and ?.coh hud v. fight and 
that he knocked Sech down; thf.t while 2!ech wnt^ de«tj Vse put hie 
foot ngalnet 2k5ch*E elde and eaid, "Oot enough,* <tnd thnt iieeh 
aetid "Oot enough;* thnt after he struck Zech he hit the plaintiff 
Vut did not knock Mb down; th<it the plaintiff sta«rr:er«d hack; 
thrtt there wre & partition wi th two swinging doortj between the 
saloon and the back rooa; thit there wae *8 bench there, " and 
thct the plpintiff *wcnt up Rfninst that;* th- t he, the witneac, 
did not see hta father strike or kick the plaintiff; thrt vrhen 
he, the vritneati, stjruck the p-aintiff they were in the front 
aaloon, not in the hack roooi* 

Sdward May, the proprietor of the aoft drink parlor, 
testified th&t he oaw Hoy Oaen strike 2eeh end knock him down; 
that thia ©Cfmrred in the front rotiui that ;':ech rpweined on the 
floor until Bomeone picked him up nnd e?3rricd hJjB hack in the 
renr; thrt he did not see John 0««n or Zntjh strike or kick "Uie 
plaintiff; th.'st the ficlit atertcd in the harrooa, hut there woe 
an alteroRtion in the hack roo«; thrt «?ithOttt doubt there wrs 
•oae quarrelling back there; th't after 2ech ma etruck in the 
front rooffl, he walked to the rear portion; thj?t he hue no re- 
collection Tfhether Jotei Oman or Hoy Omnn went into tJie reiir roo«; 
thist possibly Zecb was in the rear room. 

It will be ©baerred that there are discrepancieo on 
aaterial iaaues in the tet ti»oi^ of the ^tneBsea on behalf Of 
the defendants, ^cb says he was unoonselous after iiioy Oaae 



jf«il* jtHsi^JtwXqr 'SUM h-fSAttM -x© #M T«fir»« wi^a^ ^ »«*«-*.-■ >«t* 

,. -... ; ■ • jf ;': • ■ V- »*ii^ K Jt * '.'!!T , ^'!' .:■ n £. s e 

a«w «w(y|f :#rfimi.- ^Jfc-ad^.: .--ditf »rfj iti «oit"i w^-s^tl... 

t»r!6^ %»fft (§0 .^:fni an^O ^9lli x& a»fi(0 mint tt<ifff.d!« 



-4« 

• truck hlB tmd knocked hia down. Hay stftten thit aft«r /.eoh had 
li««n •truok in the front room, z«ch wnlked to the rt^ar ronn. noj 
Omstn aa^ thr.t nft«r he knocked Zeeh down* he voiced Zeeih if he 
had heut enough^ and thnt Zeoh respited 'Got «noufrh«" iKy testified 
that poesihly ->ch wpe in the bock room, «nd thrt without doubt 
there wee »«»• qusxellin^ bs^ck there* 

In our opinion the vcrdiot of tin*? ,fury is not mrmifeetly 
«iC«inet the v^ight of the evidence. It was th« «j>eciiftl provinoe 
of the jury to determine the credibility of th« wltneeaee and 
the piMsbstility or imprdbrbility of their t« v tii«>nv ; and » eourt 
of reriew will not interfere vith th-a verdict unlee» it i» ossni* 
f© tly Rg&inet the wei,<!^ht of the evid^-nea, Hsle IfeTator Oo. v. 
Hele, 201 111. 131, 146. 

In regard to the d«f«ndont8* motion for s eontlnuanoe« 
th« record eho-ws thst th?? cwaa wna met for trial on October 33, 
19^4, «nd wao Ho. 7 <»n the tri»l osli; thtit the o^se wi*& aontinu«d. 
until October 29, 19'<34, ttnd on th«t dyy wiss ?3o, 3 on th<f triel 
cell; that on October 30, 1924, tt wm Ko. 2 on the trial ctll; 
thnt on each of the&e dates the plaintiff ttnewored resdy for 
tri&l; that It r^rieined !lo. S on th*- triit,! call until November 6, 
19r?4; tliet on that date it wae continued to Rov««l8«r 12, 1924, safter 
awch re«clgtnnoe by the .-attorney for the nlnlntlff, end both |>ertie« 
were inetructed to b« re?idy for trial on th&t date. On Kovrjmbflr 12. 
19rM, th© dfefendBnty made a motion for « eontlnuiiBee • In supiport 
of the Action the trial rttomey for the defendants auide j^n affi- 
davit E fellows: "That on Sove«ber la, ?t 10:30 &• m. h© CRlled 
the hoae of John H. Oman en the telephone and a ssenber of his fft«ily 
ane^ered and aeid thnt Kr. Oman whs in b4>d suffering from in.luries; 
on urgent request Mr, oauin csdBe to the phone; thf/t affient knof:s 
hie voice und knows thi t it wi^e defendjsnt, John H, Ow&n; ttifit ho 
•©id thfit ho w«ia injured in an automobile pccident on Sunday* 
Ti&vm\t&z 0, 1934; ih&t Dr. !•• /• J?ox is hie pbytiieian tusd h«e been 






^tX^Ad ,.Wl •!« ,,ffl '^'^ ■ ■*■** 



no 



-5- 



ftttcndlng iiim, ana thwt his phyuici»a nuXd h« should not l«aT« 

the house for one or tvfo wieksj rmd th^t tho asiid Oman told 

ftffiunt tli t hie lnJuri«»o r.re auoh tlutt he CftWtiot loaye the houvo," 

In further sup;.ort of the motion, the d-^fandint, Zsch, 
■©do the following affidavit; "That 3, H, Oran io a nf;ceo8ary 
witness for nftiHtit to htire; that iplalntiff clolw* he woo aoeaultod 
"bf defendants 'sheroas said John H. Oman denltsr tiiet the d<»fyndont« 
oeaeuXtcd hia Rnd will testify that defenrtwnts did not nc-isult 
plnintiff; wharotvs it aay Tic th»t the other oo-(iefond«nt ao&rulted 
plaintiff but hw did so In H«iXf-dc;f«n»e; that affiant hcd wwll 
txp«ct«d to ha-y* a/dd John H. rjaaii present aft *- »dtn©B9 end hfcsuo* 
hi? iras « defendant ho coaolud,#d it w».s not neoefssr-ry to »u>Jif5Q r^n* 
hi» nnd res eurprispd to find th 't h« hae hopn in;fured Rtndco«;anot 
attend the trial of thi» cero." 

The following c©rtifieat« of Br. R, v, y©x was B«b«itt«d 
to the court in support of the motion: "Mr. John H, 0®Rn i» at 
preeent under wy ears, fie !» suffering from contusion and lacer- 
atioao of the fs.ee ^nd left ahoaldey,* 

1© &re of ittie opinion th»t the court did not «vt in deny- 
ing the def«ndi*nt«' motion for « oontinuanoe. ..«. think the 
doetor*a oertifioate ws» Inaufflsi^nt. The «ertiflc«t« do«s mi 
•tatfl that OaaB*a 3or.dition was Kuoh thtt he oould not ?).ttend the 
trial. Furthermore the soart was not bound to grvnt b aontlmi?!inoe 
•rs the otrtirioiitfe of a piqraioian, .>ohnell v. ^>othbnth . 71 111. 
•^» ®4J la&Tich Y. -Winter . 35 IH,. App. 36, 38. 

The .iffi'it..Tit of thfe ^ittome-y for the defendants vt-.v not 
mffioient. It acrely stfcted Oswin's oonolijsiona ;s to hia in.5uri68, 
without setting forth the facte on '*hloh Oman h «ed hi» con- 
olasloha. T.ic\miT& r. KeeTos^ IB2 111. ._:■.?,, 77. 

Sech»ij affiaavit is dsjfectire in thra. it does not atiitt* 
tkfet whftt Z6Qh exp&ots to prove \jy Oiaaa ia true, or th^t he 
^•lleTea it ia true. &ilhela ▼. the People , 7?. 111. 468, 471; 



'■•0'* 



■^iwfa»«t*fe *««^ #^j»'«»JBIi«i ■«««#'*« iw4«<iv^ibl»« ftAft^Mifr «tl«aAR»'ia& ^ 

I off MMm^tmhm'Uh 'Wl*-- «»- vtwrsr 

,a9Jt-E«r^,ifi «l«t ^** *p g!«oi«it;X«ff<»» *.*ft«Ky ir^»'<i^ U'«»r 

jW ,6^i> •ff.t 8^ * ,'!«rx* si Jl !»«v?.-l(( 



Lloh XiX^ r T. Rub sell . 89 111. Apn, 62, 64. 

The pertlnwnt pprt of thr lrntru?'tJon coiKTlnJnet' of "by 
counsel for the defendftnt Zeoh, In «n follow*: *lf vom "bclleT* 
from the eYldenoff th?st the df?fprdBntw, or "Ither of ♦^herr A«friulted» 
or bept tho plwlntiff and the nlftlntlff «u»tnin«d dnnafoii, you 
ohoulrt find n ▼errtict In fsYor of tho plfilatlff •• 

The contention of oouns«(»l for tA» dcfftn^mt 7.Gch is that 
tho ^ry w«r« nlolod Vy the Instruotion Intn finding; %j.ch I'Jlntly 
i.la1»l«( with t)BUM»j that "there is no oth^r l^T»oth«?«l5 tipon whloh 
Bueh « verdiot coulrf hev^ her-n ret«rn»?d rx-j^pt th®y w-rc t-sld as 
In thfit iB:'tru<Jtlon ihyt thim ^jlpintiff in error »?.*» jointly liMblo*" 

Tho infltnietion dirt not tfl\ th« ,jiiry to fin-^ the 
dofendajfita f^iilty. The ,1ury were told to find in fi%yor of tho 
piJklntiff . we do not tiiink thft the ,1ury resBonaVly could hoTo 
interpreted the in» traction ae dir^ itingr tbeis t-/ find hoth 
(i©f«naanta ipjilty If the evl^enep showttS thr t only one w.r, gisiliy 

1?or the renaono indlcet^-d the '?nd|^f?nt. of th^ tri^il 
ooart 1b }?Ifimje>d, 

AWvimimK 

MfttcAatt, P- J., end is:o;ittrely, J,, concur . 



IM^ ,l»i|i^M|nl» tHifit|»#sir« Itti^QJbai'ii: 9fS# .ilirai ttJ!;<»nt«tifi «f£^ t-^^vi 
iCoiifsf fmtm tltsMfiMfygi JwUp am nk -#^«irf#* t»M ;n««c^ Ati* sltf*-.,,..., 

9m &X,*>* S^f^f 1||«^ .#,f iipxii, fetfrS|(|,S»*!l, ..IKSfKf »TWt I)£il«t0 *'«<itit«v .« rio.*.*; 

^••W^ii Y-i'^w-t^t •*f';,If»3!* |l% *■«*# «T«lxr{f*!rr.t*nii *ftjii ■ 



%tm tt 



TR . 50327 



atyi« of ajiRSii ii^iBVicas BimsA,^. 

Appellant, 
▼»• 

AUMIHAI. EOTXt COfcPAJsV, a Cor -oration. 




.a 







" T A 

_LL. _iL o ii,. > 






Ms, itjiiTXOE Ji^mBTm imLtrsM'&Ti wm opijuiok m wm cookt. 



fhis is »n tt«tioa In t]s« S^onl&ip^ court of ChioAgo, 

■brought Iby Ctearleo ?lrr«ll aw-i Hobwrt Hrlc*;«on, tloln^: V.iaijaeai» 
tmd^T the ri«»f^t« ©r Sar^w* 3«rYla« £ur«*iMi, tl-i^ plstctUTo, ^sgalnot 
the Adiairal Eot9l OastT^frtiy, a cornoratloa, the (a«f«ndarst, to r«- 
eovor « 1jaXf-*ne« of ISfS.Si, all*g*'1 to fe* %»« t© tb« p'ls*. In tiffs 
for las^l^tc&pff i*cr5c ':*«ii»« fef tk« platlisttffe for th# 'tsf#jri''.aBt. 

It 1b tfe« e®jRtimtl.©B «sf t>-« i*»f#»4ar4t that th« 
9l&lfitifft >^a,v« "bo^rj ©ai.^ Ie f«ll, 

Tli» ease was t^ri«d. l-i^fore th<?f «0Mirt wlthoist » ^ury. 
Tfe« court fow»t' is f'^vpr of t)-s.« j!«f fflaiaist »*i---* «iit«r«<| ja'^gm«nt on 
ifet flawing, Sfr^a tb« Ja4i:;«»«t th« pla.i0tlffK hare pro»eevit<?d 

Th« TtJ-Silntlffs, i*« ir«r« land«esip« ar<»hlt«ete, »n- 
teT«S is to -% eoiatrftet wit)'; the 4«f««i-i«wf;t, wtj© -wato j-'f^sre«eist«<^ by 
39\*M liy4«a, its arohit»ot, to ?io ©«rt«fciB laaa4«oa,p«» ^ork for th« 
4ef«ndant, ft2« coBtr»ct ootttaia^i tha followieg proviatoa: 

*lt i@ -BBJierstoo.? tK»t tht f«Ti»ral coctraefcor will io 
%ll rou^ graaiMfr; to %hn ^vopnt deptJft Uwlow the flxilahed gr%4« 
to allow for «T}<»eifioa ^«rptfe of bl»ofe soil, Thp sboro «»ot.lmftt« 
irjclttd»» all lateer aisi lR^^tttrlfitlB to Bo a fir«t-.elA»o job in 
trr^ry r««ira«?ot,* 



% 1.. '■" 









i«OI4|.t«. 



^Vi*;f is11i:?«lsi 






The vork oi' the plaintiff* va« tion^ un'^vr tb« ilrca* 
tlon 01' HrioiiBoti. *hil« ^ora »»• beiuii; don* on the lr»«i« ar«a eikst 
of tbe hotel, Kyder stopped t35« ororlt, an? toid Brloiooa that the work 

w«» not feelKg i't.>K» rit^tj that the |pr!4-i«» ^fe^e t© be alx inchf^g 
loir^r Iti tv,p e^pte* «m--? Mijhwr *t th« ii»n-!fi» »t> that th« ftr«m eould 
b« fl©9'?«<1 Tor Bk*ti«^ Ik tbf» winter, Srloi:»<»» te»ttfi<»<1 that h« 
■«ae '"i>r«tty rut*" th^t he ffi«ntlonod to Jiyf!«« that tvis? 'york irogl<t 

>«? c>i&rg«4 for aa wztraa. But Irl eksiwB did not testify JJi«,t ^yrl«i 
4gr«®i* th»t t>5in -^-'orlc aJioul--'. b« eha.rf:«--1 for a» ®xtr.'a«, or that 
Mj^mn 9n,iA »nyihXair ts^tateir^r la that r€'«|)'*ct, A»1 the «vt'^«ne« 
>!©*« K©t isfe.«iw thi^t Ky€«B mi^«) syay «aeh %gr«©s£*«xt , sith*^ wltb 
Sriokft'ssc er lirr®ii. on tha coKtraajr Srleitson teotifieA tJ-^iat iiy- 
-S«is 9Jfe.t-l tViiat tfcl* mtTk i»8.« part of tiss' ^:c»Btract. Srio*f»©3B (H.<^~ the 
■*ork l» «|U©atl«»«s 1« aecor4a««« ■with ^« <1ir®oti©«» o^ MytJ«»K, Ih« 
iKvldm'.c* «h«^« t'nstt ?^ii* cost ©f tl;iB work ^8» #S^?-,S1, tto« amount 
in eeBtrever«y, iiotl^ia^: futthmr *«k« said l>y «jy of th« ^srtle* In 
regar<l te tMe «®r.'« y»til th« plaintiff » ft«iit to th« 4efej3f!»nt » 
Bt»t9fit»Ht ©f th« laaetiat &iiftge4 te 1>« -!'a» te than pj-alntiffa for the 
total vQtk .'len®, aft»r a |>sy»'»iit tfe»t t^« a#f«nia33t fe^sj? i6ai4« ©a s*.«- 
e«swast feasS 1i'««n ^^4vet«fd, tfe« iittat.«M<i9»t i»elttle<l it#ms ©f «o«t for 
t>s* work iR, oontrofwrsy 8iiiio«B5 ttufc to l5Qf>, SI, Irl^'Kaen w@nt t-fs ae« 
Ky'.Stsn to "^nk fer i5stt?ss»r.t. Srlo'k*«n t«»tiri»4 tl»,i&t Myrltn sr'jwae'? ©ff 
thft lt«ja« qsQBspoisiBg th« ^Stf.Sl, rai=:? «J!»1=1 tli*t h* -woul'fl nftt iJ-^y th<fflB 
»• tbat T<©rk earn* witbiw th# contract, Iricksf^a fjsrtV;er testified: 
*1 l«t him ero«» it out -» 1 rig:ur«d thai it «&« an i^«tra .aia'l, 
w«aliBH 4-0 is '/rlth th« ^!a,iT#r ©f lien,* Aftetr <sre;-isaing owl t>s« 
it«»« in quest lea £iyf?.©rj gairt ^riak»o» a eheol! for #547.78. Srie«- 
eon J.«liv«r«<i th« thn-ek to lirr*!! wfe© c^vshe-i it at Or»fflM*'l&a«» Henn 
B^rik ISB4 fruet C©sai»aBy on 3#Tptei&ber 11, 1933, At tba ttae th« cbsek 
w»g e*-i»Ji»^ ?irr«ll •lg»ed! s -^^aiver ef li^n ^ivl sJLso the rello^iac 
(ieeai^«nts 



i;?>'>,^ •' ^-'.ij •-"'■v uiV •■'iiu':' *» 






-fvs if 



:^ «'*«' 



©1" th* wltMn ^r-ler, .v vi in crn»HerHtlon oi' einVl payB^nl, th« 
wgi(S«ri9if?Tj(!>5?, ^h© le th«» contraeter f'er all Landao«pe ■>?ork, aiiN.- 
t«rl4l ft^v' ir^'t'or en th<» Tr^-iil^Jn^t i»«»ntlon<»!l in oni i ordor, h<»reby 
statfli! tb»t the .actual 5sjp«r»t 9'' th<» oontr*ot lor brIjI ffiHi4*rl«.l 
«ui4 latjor le |f?X97.7«*, 'pit.^OMt r«btttf» to imront, '.■.n<*. thtt ^m^^mr* 
signed agre«»« promptly to cpmfJlet* &Aiii oontrHCt ^ccorAlnti to 
plans i%rji i5p<?oiiieHt Ions Bub^iltt^i to CJr«*i:i'>'bA,ueB >orjsi ItiireBtai^wt 
Cowparjy, sinil walYsa all ri^ht oi' 11 «a on aaii'l fcull-.lliig and preir;!* 
Bcs for all mnfc^rlal a.n ! l«,i>or furiilehed ojo ^tn'l prior to thl» 
dat«, sMttd agr««« that se cor^n ■*.« the further swu of i^ J.-oii» is 
t«rj4«y©d, to r«l<»si»e an^i '»!▼• all ri«',>.t o3' li«»B \vhlch mfgy h«r««> 
afteiP ttccru« agaluat ftAld bull'lln<^ »«■■] presalotsHi ^m^ to 3'un.iii^ 
wi4lY«»r» In fvai fo3P all labor 'uad material furnlf?h«<! duriUfe; th« 
eofistructios of sail WilU&i; un (ter said oontract**^ 

Ob 3ept«a!ber la, 1953, tiin ^lal«tiff« vqrot* tteo 4e» 

f«B<)«Bt th« follewiag letter: 

•a c^ar^fal InapisatieE of t>i« cursery stook -«rM«!: w« planted 
OB y^ur ■g»re9®*'ty Hrj« 1s«en j»a«l», 'sw?! ^« fiad that tb«r« aro 3S 
sbru'bs, 3 l^^^ea si«.1 1 Vla^ rt^ad or \iri9f*t.l«f factory t<'. a?. A 
r<»»lt*«« ©r^^r l^as T^ee» jaa#fi ais^ in ^joeortlaK>e» with, our »?^iarant«#, 

thee« plarsts! will "b?? fnt lia durliig t^.-^ i,H?airig ^jlsuritiag seasea. 
If yoti wish t« jEa.'k« »&» iskd^itlensil ©rdeT for tT9n», ^rtibs, 
'»ln>?» cr F«r#iinis.l8, or h^^yn '.if-y oth!?T l.im«-l«jeaT>''» *orit iwKi? , «« 
alDs&ll Ts^ gls4 t© «m3.1 «t «»rto« sun:?' R-^t a« esttoate, W«« wish to 
thank you f&r the ireirk yoa ^sf^'^ giv<sm wis :m^. tT\t&% ihv>i «o 8i4ay 
rtTiew i»uy ul«as?4»t ?j«alR<s»s« 3r©lm.t:l«Me, * 

t3u'h8»qtieptly tth» lat?* in R«t shotfla) th« ulalntifft 

sent a bil'l te the ^nfmiattxit for th« |5©",51 a»4 tei^u^si*^ pm^9nt, 

Ce r'«c«ai'b»r 1, lt:S3, tbis !!«f«B43!.r>t wrote th« |>l«Aintiff» in reply a« 

fell ewe: 

•We iac.HB<swl«*,ige receipt yf yovtr bill for IS^iJ.Bl. line itea 
of roii^ grading was included tiiiicr th« contract wbic^j ha« b^Ma 
p^i.l<S iM fwill. i*l«ae« a©rrftot your books »ee«frrti«fs2.y«* 

Coapnael for ths slaiatlffs e©sieai tbstt the <;lefenf!«»t 
has net pro-»e<5, payment; that *the «irl<J*ae« tatrod^ced "by the defend- 
ant was ia ewjipert of mi i^ilegftS aecerd isttti aatl ©faction;" that ttee 
defense of aeeord «6?i eatlaf section e«saot !»« relied oa by the de- 
fess^wit, ae that defe«8e '^as aot fl«si4»d by the .l«5f9ri,;ant; said that 
further.8so?« tls« evld^nee -towa fiet shew m. %eeor*1 .*»<■? aatiefaotios, 

Althtti^ ©evw?,»el f«r %hm f»li%lnttffs «ontewl that the 
A«f©«.1t«st la relylug ec th# f!#f*n8« of aooard nni eatisf action, 
eews^s*! fisr tfea ■^efws'lsiEit do cot tUfteues t?;-© qa«?8ti«n of aoeord naA 
•atisfaetiiaa im their brief, b«t waistain that *sai of the eviaenee 



M^: 






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ySSi 






te^* 345.4, 



1.1 »<"•■.<■ iBi ii»' 



lntr<»4t}e«d by th« d«r«Bdftat was jii(i(;i«iilbl« nnd«r Its afl'l4aYit of 
XRcrlts AB tending to •stablls^i puyisei&t.'' 

)K« »re 6i' tb« €)plrlo» that tlio «Tld«BM el«Arly ahov* 
th»t th« plttlBtiffs »eeei>t*'.! th* ^*fmi^nxA*B check* J'er 5547.7© 
«,« t>i*» fln»«l ^aKotint <^ue to ih« plaiBtifl** on the account b«»tv«<Bn 
th« !!Ha,li3tiff»j )*n4 th« clef enflanv, 

Xfi! onr yimr th« «;u«»tioB of «e«ord ^oitd A«.ti«factl<m 
«i©e9 not ftrla* on %h^ «vl«leno« »» w« do Bot think th?i payseftnt ef 
the #547,78 w»a ®&4e In s«ttls»ia«nt «f a ditiptttf* liB^tw<i«H the |>j ^iin- 
tlffa an-:i tb« flaf^r.dsbnt in r^jgard t^ th« ajmeutzt ius £« th« ?lai.n« 
tiffe. SrtoAsoa KC8«jjtei th?* 6htsoi& from Jlydaai for |547,7a .with- 
out any protest ?fhateY0jp after «<yden hi»4 ©rct^asd out t3.i« iittsa 
in the toli.1 relating tc l.h« »o.ric, ia tiassatifiji, Ta^ ?.4>j*«k: T&t 
ci8h«.1 &ii«l reeelpttd i'oi Isy tirraXl *it>9wt *r.i- eaaipiliint, "ifetra- 
after & letter w»fl wylttfiB by tiie j>iairitlff« to tfc« dei'en-l.wBt iii« 

>lie«ting fey its tti»n-^X^ toii« ^ippurmitly thut th« T&ifeiletlffB wert 

J 
sftttfiriis'd -witr. th« fa^ount of Ihfi eheek-, 49 far .^s tn« r««<»r<l 

efe«w» th(? first iRtlmati&n that th« d®i*«Si«5s«nt h*d ihf.--, the eh«ck 

bfttf n«t t>*e» aec»pt«<ft fey th« pl^i^tirra-atii final p«yisi«.:at wa» wli^m 

tb« feS13 oJ" the plaintifr* for |S0!?,S1 -'a« »«n5t to feh® -lef^daftt, 

?ttTtb«rg?«r», ■«« do t}0% thlek t>;at fcJie •piat«tlff» %ror« 

it5 a position t<a olaia jpays;.ent fer th« «ori;; In nix9»tinn, the 'W0rli; 

wft» '^«ii» by Kpiek®©* ft00er'!lng to iiy^en'o -lir^ctL^Bs -*.ft«r JUyr'sa 

hs%4 tels5 :^ri©is.«ai» th^t the work was iaeludo^ In th!^ ?i0»tra«t. It 

±9 tru# tJsat Sriok»©n testiflftl ihMt he waa "pretty Svsr*" that ho 

tsld liy«i«n tteat the eo?t of the work w»ul4 !?« ch-^rg^d <«8 eytrmo; 

but eireiB if h« told ^y<ieii tbat, noTrarthclee* Si-iaksea dii tb« ▼orlt 

kRowia^ th&t Sy4«B hai not &sr««d that th« cost of the »ork ehcttl4 

bo eiiso-gftji for a» extras. CfflE»«<ja«&tiy tHo plaintiffs, through 



>n #Jtv'«.fcl;1''v.« -ntk t^'^f -w &Xi5?r 



■'.'^n'?^■«l 









ffwir'f«!iB fm 



^f.Mi 



HiSiH'' s:f 



-».-.« ■:•. *..,'■>• if, T. »■,> ■<,•.■ ,^ ■ 



,j.j^ -it* B« 






t^ie*" - 






th« act ©r Sylcic»o», vmIywsS th« rljJ t, I J" wv.y, swr'-^r tLa o&nira«t 
to Qialai that th» worH »a« *»xtr>ii ^erk not cctyttrt'i y>y tiao '.lojatj-act, 



i'^lt iiJW«?§ 



90 • 30M« 



appellant, 
v», 
CITY 0? CKI&AflO, a JiWilGijp«l 

Ccspsil ?"?!l©rs«»r ef Bnll'^lpg* of thip 

City of Chleagf?, 



/ 



1- 



COURT OF COOE OOWTf , 

>2 41 I, A. 618 



i^H, jiasncs JOBisfoi imLiviiiHit) tnfR oi^iMToir o? fHx ootTPT, 



'XhlB l« sas action Qf »ai.d«u&w«, Tsrou^^ht l»y ^llliaK B, 
fraaicanetaitt, the ^e'iitioti^r , ri.fcalK<st th« 01 ty «!' Chicttg© im4 

yr&ak &m «)crherty, U«s£S£l©ei«ii3er oi' Bttiiditige «f the City oJ* 

Chi sag©, th« .i?>J>a'lm^^«, t© e^fRpel the 4#l*<iii4ar.te to w,lti>j(3r«wr 

ttox»*r to «r«et the gayaije. 

*h® &a^s(» -n^st heard 1»y Hie csurt wlthfsut i* jury on 

tltl««er, ac-1 frssi the order ©3' th« ©«\irt tVjB i!>«titl<!»rj«r im« 
9rya«c«t«d tMs iaipf^al, 

fhti 3ti|»«i2it.l©n of fact® 1«5 3.« follows : 

•It waa stipv,lste4 "by couas®! r©r boVn p>irti'!e thai the 
fttllawlng fmetis l5» 0on«l:1«r«4 ass ^vi-^.ntustit *T>pi?)arlr«g en tha 
trial oi" th® ab©%''e eutttlw!? <j&;?.3«, ae follo^Ki -Ih&t the tjist 
h«reto att'sch'*-'! , »j*rJ««^ Sshllslt X» eorreetly 9«t8 forth the 
X©c«tlafi ef ti;^ prepoiaed 6ur*ge at 34€i-.'^4li, "feot;!- iKclustv«, 
Gftttage OroT© aTet»ie, Chicago, Illinois, mi-i th« surronr; Hag 
t«rrit3ry, p.-iyticul-Ariy tx-th «l-i9e; of Cottag,* Gri;Te aver^as, 
frwB 34th »tr0st te 5!>t)? »tr«»t; th*t th-? tJl^t K«ret® ^tt^c^.'9^ 
jMUrk'sd ^xi.i"bit S csrrectly 8«?t8 rcrtfc that ■pcrtioB kvjown &• 
•Woolland Fark* ©f thf ai«fe.i.i¥i eloB in ^hicv- the tsrwiiii^s** in 
qusetloa fmli; thu.% e-^aiuniw- of tb« bull iUige rronvlng en 
both «ld«» ©f W©o4iai3{t JP&rk, »4Hrl£«<i *W©o41and Park Frlv«te* 
OB SKiiblt 1, tte«re nxfn six buiilingei oe tt-j« ^-sat sti^ cf 
Cdttagtt Gjfov© Hvanu* froia ;Htfe strsei t© :i5th 5>tr©«t,uo».6 ©f 
wfeieB are tjB«d s;xciu»lv«»ly I'or r»(»i i«!c« |>urp6»e«; that th«rt 
ar« tbr«e 1)^111 Ursg* oi'i th«s ppi«t ©ifl* of Cottairs «rov« avena* 
■fe«tis'e«n th« -orsiale-eB of s;he ,p3tttioa<*r snd 35th etr««t, w^arn 
of vbleV- ar© iisa<l exdaaively for r#8lJ'-jneo -pyruooQa; that 
th«re sr« tt?<wty«slx 'b'oiViingB Ic th9 tsrritery ehOTm as Wsod- 
Xmi6 Farlc Private an Sxhiblt i, aili oi" wi'dob are used excluaiTP-ly 



e .Ai-ii^w 



m 



l*.<i*iS>X 



far r'j«lrt«R*5« t»urr»o9«fi; t.V;«*, t^*"r« i&ro fhr*!* InjiJ-^ltit'* on tli« 

?ir«Bl»«B of th*" petitioner, non*^ cf -tM.^^ .>r« voed ex;-,yioiv«ly 

ir«i»t isl-i!« r:f Cott.Aj;''» Orr^« *:.v«» «i* >-«»t"%'«or. 'P.rd eireot hba rj. rd 
^lfve«, nan? oi' nbt-s^; :ir^> v^O'l «.*&:. un I veiy /©r real (ai.o* pur» 
?»ft<»»»j ♦,>?»♦ t*i««ri» .3jr« »o bnii j'.ngjg en tl-.e ■^•Bt ol^-'c of Cott«g# 
3roT9 7iv?fni» "b«t.»«ati Tl.ird pi ,c« aJid Mtb stxeet; that 3 '^rd 

«««^ WfcwtpTly ^Jr«etlo» l>«t'??'-'«« whO'1«» nvftn^ir-. on the ■*»©«* <m« 
Gottag* Grevfli av«na«5 ©R th^^ <?.*«t »*>:? loi^-s not int«r»©ot '-©t» 
tatv© arov«> *v«m»i«; that lAth 3?tr«st raRts in y,i\ j^astwi-'iy andl 

ihat 34th place r'.,ti» in cuq ©aBt^yly au^d w^etsrly ;;ir«etioA cmb- 

dl»»e not iBterseot i;«tt.s»g{« Grov« av«rra»l thai SSth fttr^et rtjmt 
la •Sin eaiat^rly .'^Si! «a?r,t^rly "'Ir^i^tlon sfa-il liA^ru<f?'9ta :©i.t»ig« 
are've »v«r(ue; Us&t tfc« preisisw* et" th« jswtltiauer, eo«evoi'ay 
known »• M01«»5413 , "both .l.'-e'Wii»i>'«, Jet'i&tj^i a-xxte uv^^vu*, fr^oot 
on v«i:tftge §r©-r« avanu®; that Cottsig* Sroy« aY*ftu« i» a sire«t 

t^o 8fer««i esr traeksj t>iat ths <iel>n'ia«'t« Q&utmid that Wood- 
land P^rk, mark«S ♦^f.<)sdl'SR4 J^arj: Privat®* ©n iisa-iibit i , ia a 
»tr«tt In wirlefe tw&-tv;ir4a ©f th« fe«ilf|-u>g® on Wife aid«» of 
ih« 3itr®«t "yr® U3®^ ex^XuKivtly fof TfmiAm-,-m yurnoss® ,=4:id 
tliat tfe» pts-erslses ©f tl-» petitioner %rf? within 100 f*et of »vi8b 
«tr«0t, withtjB tfe# t'^wanlfisf «if S««il©n 246, Artlele S, Chnpt^r 
11, «»f ti-.e er^lfj-'wrice fai,s&ae<5 fcy t3"e City CoaBel-1 a-' the City of 
Cblo^rtt, ^'■■■? t>'%t by r«*«OB they»of tlifi bwli-'iisg perK^it roiH re- 
newal t-J-'^rwof »«t fortb l» t>?p siR«tn<ii»«!. petitlsn herein ■wsr* r«»- 
voks'l es »,et farth 5«-1 f^y„X^e»^ lr» sai^t sj-'^^i^^^ftd p?>t:, :.i©ii; thsit 
»a.lj« S«ctioB S4S sf t^» os!"lii5taR«« iiPa» ok ecitsbitir t?<5, 19S3, In 
full for«« fm-\ effaet hjr^ has be«t^ fre^a that ''"ay «ji.tU tli« 
pr9»«Rt tiBse Sk "ffaJl^H ©r??.iRi-3i&e« ©f t^<« city* • 

Aarti«le S, Si(etl«» a4S, (JJj.after II, ©?:' th« i©r** in ».»««■( 

of ihe City ©f Shie&^©, Is %a f»ll»wiij 

iMftfaiioB Bteftll l©c)at«, 't>«ili,1, eeKtfftrset er t^iuintt&hi ar«y fwTslic 
gara^a ■jfithla tw® K'titt'lred i'eut of aisy t'afi-.:j«g u?i«d &« stBti for 
A te»»pit*l, ehwreh ^r pufclle ©r 'Kir©chii»l eeJ-ecl or the fc-irsxjKas 
thereof, sor eh?.u.l &i»y pe^rass-i, iMri-; or e-ssrporsttloc iecat*, 
iBall;?, cc-nntTim% &r ja«iRtftl?j amy ptibXic gart^-* iu the city en 
«4e^ let is y,:;;/ i>Xook in •^Meh t*o-t^ir4« of U,« t'uiisiiwfea @» 
\>oth Rifles ©f tfc* etrsflt fype ti»«d «s:cli3siT*iy ler riP8d<i»»ae 
pttr|s$sft3, or rituin m^^ ^ufi'ired faet ©f fesqr ^uan 6ti'»st ir* ajfiy 
»ueb ll&ok, without the writteu ©enaeiit ©f a asaj©r*ty of the 
property ©^Tipr« aseor5icg to fj"eiat?tg« en bet?* »i<lie« ©J the 
6tr«tt; tif^iiri^e**., tbst 4»11 iote w-.ieh sfcut oaly on a pafelie 
feslley cr csart tthmXl be cenais^ered %» froctin^ s» tfe« strtfti 
to isf>ie!» s«st; aX.l^iy ar oaart X'sads. aucfe writt^xi ©ons»»Bt8 
«»|:k&JLl fe« «'b.t;*.iii3"l fsrsfi flitd with the fcaajteisaicnei' of isuilr.Uaji* 
¥«f©r« & fisrsit i!B ia®ti«.4 iet Ihn eoiistr-aetiae sf any eaoJi 
t'ailiUEg or l5«'fe-r>9 a X 1 e^n s»« i» ies««>4 ior 4he operation of any 
9«blie e&TJ^-« in 4iay ftxiaitine: feuil^Ungj proyi'3«4, tVt«.t in *?«• 
ttrTK:triiR^ itheth«sT t'sro-thlrds of th^j ^litliiage on toth »i''r«» ef 
anel^ etreei lar* ast* «3c«ltt8iTely for rewi^eiieo nurt>oBce &inr 



building fv'mtiRM on axastthnr vtreet sn4 Xo8at«d upon & oer* 
n0ft Xc% sl^ail mat Tae coBal:?«r«4, an<i provl-Se.'i, J'urth<»r l»i»t 
th» wcrd *^l©ek' as u«i»1 la this auction, 8j,»ll not be held 
te fttan a nqn^ur^, tut abnll bo h«9l/^ to «jal)ra«« only thnt P'urt 
•f th(« fltr#«t Irt qn««tioii «bloh li#s b«>tw««n the two neMrest 
lat»r««ctlRE ftrefftw.* 

It !• a«%ttte<l l5y tb* 4«f*n!jntnt«! that th« prepoced 

Karei|p« will i5®t I?* locate* 'wlt>fl» KM) f«»t nf * hoepltsJ, cnureh , 

or acbeslj «»? It Is *-^»ittn<S hy the ^otitlenpr that h« !»,i«^ not 

^r«iottr<» tbft writt«m e®ia««nt of a »aJor!tv of tl3« property owner* 

aoooMtng te the rrojatagft »w br^th eifS«« of th« titreet. 

XJi*? ewly qiu«»tioft« to Ibe 4ftt#Xi£i««?ii, thisrefore, art 
'*h«th*r th* i^«titioa«r toa* proYdfS fhat the lot air j^hteh ifee gar* 
titf* le to b« b'ulXt Is lotot lockt»d in « 'feX0@^« In ^ie.h twootl lr4« 
©r the bu41iiirig« ©& feeth bI<s«» ©J" th« »tr«el !*r« «a«d «x«Iu8i-vely 
for residffiiis* .pvsn?«t»»«i «iR4 i» R^t idthiji l#t f««t «1* soty euflOi 
atx>««t« 

1^ Qiar 0|»i»iefi the ]^@titlG»«r h^n f mil fid to m^e •ttflb 
jireel'. Th« sti^^atlet% of f;>.ot», wh«n e©a»i4«r«^ ia oomseetlea 
with -Siraaxi'blt 1# ehows tfeat thirtw»fci«rtli street la th» a«)wr©«t 
8tre#t ©K tJ^# ««!%tt% tft tb# i»#tUi&n»r*» lot, b^t the »tt|»aimti©ij 
ef f^«t« »B^ Si^iMt 1 40 net shei? wf?_»t «tre#t Is th« K«arjs8t 
street ©« th# R^rftv t® tlj« pet i tier. is^r*® Idi, I/i th® aWs«B«« of 
mmth !$v%Qt %hm %l««x, »« 4«fliR®d' In t.f'e ©P'lt»s.te.©e, h%n nut fee«in 
filter; -iHd we ar« «asatbl*, th«s3ref ore , t© dt«-t«yfclB^ wJsetJier lee* 
frtsaa tw&»th4-r(ie ©f the le^ull<!l»g» oa l&®t^, si-ifee ©f c-©tta^«? 6rov« 
aip«Bu« la tlj,« ^Isek la ^hleh the yelltioia^r's let l» l«ea.ted, fire 
^«e-1 <»xclusi'v«ly f®r r^eld.«»e« pur^^a^fe, 

eo5iR8«X for the patitioB^r en^^ten^s that th*» etlpu,!*- 
ti©i» of fftete »l56w« th%t tbirty* third «tr««t ts the north •fc^uia^wry 
e>f the blook. 1« <l© Bot ttiitak th*t ijfel* oj^Bteiiti-oa ia correct. 
ftiftfesrssere, -Thiyty* thirds street le sot iij!li©&te«ii oo Sxhlfelt I. 

We txktth9» are of tlie o^ lis ion that it ssp^eare fro« 



tfe« atlpulatlori oJT f <ciB (iKd iSxhll»lt 1 thftt the lot on which the 
l»rop9nea garia^v !« tD bo Io<:i»tttd Itr vltMa 6C I'nct oJ' thirty 
fourth. «tr««t. 

In t'tip Tiffw "fe h»v« tss^fSH of th« ea«e It it net 
{i«e«^setftry to d«eldt %h» ^ui^ttlon v>i«»ih«>r the tttilXdUigt fnoiAg ea 
Woodland J^ark shoul 1 b« «:on«i()«r«i! «» froutlng^ on CottA|».« <^«»t« 

®i©««»«l f*«*f tbi* f^ptltlosBof «»Bt»R:''«s ihskt t>»# City 
of Shleng*!! 1« »»»to'ptpe--1 3*ri!>as rtvtjklu^ t^e 'b«ll'ti»f? |i«n*it which It 
hau(k gr«u'it*iii t© %hm f«tltl©«e-i*« 

Irs M« |t«?tltle» t>*a f>«'t.4tioniir ftlXis^f^d tirnt, r«fljflja*{ 
OR tlfto approval of tl««i8 for ti!i,o g,%T«.i;« ^y tiio luli<liBg 0ofs;':,vlo- 
«lo«#r sad %h^ la»«.«n«e «tif tfe« fe^ildlag;. j^.orv'.lt, tKo p«titl«a«r 
e>«t®ro4 ixktt> irajfle)«« e«»tr»«l« tey «»telcfe is« 4«ei«.rr«(! »» ■«»:xp*iifl« to 
bis dasiAgo of |igi,0-;?o, Th» 4®f'%ttdan%« ir> th®ir ^a** averr®^ that 
tfeo 1>uil!il»g p«yi*iit *&» vftXQk^d *b<?caiiss« tb© iimi*5ig« l3<>iag tr«ot*4 
ttfois the fr«feief» teiowa aa^l asteril^a^i a« M01-34l;i, , iiaoiusi-ve. 
Cottar Sr^'Vo 3V«n««» la th« uity si* Ofciaago, wao b«i»g «reeted 
on » lot lii & hl&ak ta ®hlc>5 tw<j»t>7.lr3ii ®f lh« l3n.lldlng« on \>oth 
«li«« ©r tte# sirf«t *y« jaooa oxsl^siirftijr f©y resld«nt ftjypo«t« .ain3, 
within ICO f«j«t of «ueh a atr«et Ir. i^ne';-, % Mook witbout tfeo writ- 
ton o<>n9«at of « !^t»5^iflty of tfet ^T-0f#rt^ ©«is«r» acooraiBg t« 
fT«v«tag» OB 'feotli si4«?j5 of tfiM s(tr#«t.* tTii«^' 4»f«»v.f»nt« ft»rtli'.isr 
aHog*« %h9.% '^ootlosB 444 of t^-0 geK»y»3L or-;lln*ttioeo of tiso i^lty of 
Cfeieago pravtije* &» foXio^'ot 

*lf t?!0 wt?!"?;. in, u-^eJs or a'NjKt afi^r 1j-wiii^l3R^ (6,r otructwro 
ohttlX fe# eot5i^4et<*d in Tibl&tion of a*iy ©f th«? ^trotlsjlono of 
tMe ofeai^t«r, it shali bt» t>?ft <??*ty of th« co:fei»ts?>i«5inisr of 
feailiilr^eR to roir«»k« the p#rE4it for 4h» fcyii-Urig or trreci Ing 
0_9«-l's.tiott» in eonriuotioii with wtiio?; nuoh violt^tlGU shali havo 
t»lE®n pl»%««. It ^hali "fe^ iails3Ffkd, :j:xnr tJiO r«'v coat ..lee. of 
oticb ^arsitt, to prooa^-i wis,!.' »ta©t{ feu4i*^iag or wreekiiag opftx-*- 
tiono imlwoft au^ $i«rsi4t shiai f l?«t hair*? been reii)st.-:it»^. of 
rois«tt«d li^ tteo e«a»a»l0al?jneii' of >>!fiil.itfig», B^sforo a |!i«ri;4t «o 
fovcitod mmgf T»m l*wfttlly r#l»«-a«€ or ittnist»t®d« tijo «Btir« 



Ui/^ 1 ; :.i7Jcr, ;*..;.; 









■tt»A^ %A^m m^ 



■ .m^'*'i,vi: 






¥uil4injii; iaB4 building «lt« Bh»ll rirmi tm jtut Into condition 
w^rlc or satAFlal a}»pXi«)'1 to tlit? »iwt« Iji Tiol^rbleti oi' Aur;y of 

Ob th« r«eord In th» e&9« i^^t t^T vc aro ol tiu« opin* 

valid} tfeat th« fl«fs^!n4»ni« h»d » lawf'tii right to r«iiroi.« It; aci 

t»*rt.lt. Bgrtga T. Siil^OIhie*^. ^® ^'^^. ^®^. ^»lj BJ^ «. 

eit>y ^.r..A-Hig iyc^..-^t b1.. xm ill, h$^. ms, f^), 

PittT fehfi> r«*a«f}ne 'stsat^-l th« «ir4«r qT tVts trial co«rt 



iiU^iS-'X 02? ir!^o.i-i 4si i^ 



RICHARD C. KA2RR, ) 

Plaintiff In Srrcr, ) 

) ^RROH TO CI.'Ur-IT COimT OF 
) 

) nooK coiTN'ry. 

PSTKR DOM, ) 

Oefeulant in Srror, ) ,, ., ^, ^ 

'S • '■' i 1 



ME. JlTSTICS JOMoSTOli DiSLIVERST) TI!:-:! OPIiilOI-J OiT VH'.'. COW^T. 

%!» is an .'Appeal by -rvlchard C, kfiKwr, the plrtintifl', 
fro» a ju'lfijraent on a ▼arrilet vybict t}i« court diri?ct«d th© jury 
to fin'' In favor of the 1«»f en iaizt, Peter Dom. Tl'c^ tictiori wa» 
■brought by the platntlff to recover <l.aj:jag?>e for inJurl«;»B t*Ji.i«g©(S 
to Vu4y«» b««»n r«cf»lv«'1 "by the «1 sin tiff throufr^ th« n**t5lip:fl»no« of 
th« f^tfur-'ant tn a cclliElpn b»»t^«»»in th« ai.itoiao'bll -» ol' th« 
plaintiff an? tVe; 4ef»n-1ant. 

The only nu<*9tir-n to bf 'ifttf^r^tKed i« wb«the^r thd court 
eoi£»/;l t,t ©il revftriilbl® i*rror ir. pnr<»riptorily lr\atr!j!Otlni,ir the jury to 
fin'? for the defenlarit. 

Aooording to the wsil fintatli e<'tfC! rul«», auoV; su'i Instrua- 
tion «rould be p-.l^^n only wh^n there i« no a-vi.'piiCj© '-v.dcl.. 5«.lrly tenfl» 
to prujve all of th« matcrl?tl aliegrition* In the 1*»Ci-iratlon, Llbh^. 
l&Ci^eill -^ hihhv V. iiOoi, 2S3 lli. 206, 21;?. If th^re ifi any r^-vld^nce 
frois <^hich, if it stood al©rj«', the jury r«a»onably could fin-1 that 
all of the raatflirial aYwrtn^snte of the leoijirAtion have been proved, 
then the cause sboull "be «u"b2sitt0<i to the jury, Lib by_^ k:<8&elll . &c 

283 111., 640, el's. 

In tVie c%Be Jit hr^r th« prlnolnal OGnt<»ntif»ns of couneel 
for thp lef *»ti lant are* that there in no nvfcsxiee -'.'hich fairly tenilt 
to gimport the allegation In the 'declaration »:hat th<5 r»laintlff "»»« 
in thp exercise of iu«» car** an.^ caution for hie o'^m :'.»fi!*ty; that on 



,YTisK?o.o mm i 

"^initial B« 4»»« .•Ij;* fef>«J!*44^»K' 
«&a«^ Xtrkm'i ^tUv Mmbtrti mt mi 9i%».!i 

^h^tfyivi m9^ »V6d 0»i.i<i- ■ 



.8« 






th« contrary the eviicnoe shows, txa &. raatter oV law, thnt th« plndiv 
tiff was guilty of contributory no. li- enc«. CounBftl lor the '!ef<«ii;'V 
ant 5il»« cont«iiv1 thrst thp wvidwice doss wot uhow -hat tho def euf'atit 
»»• feuilty of npfilii.:cuice; but t>;ia contiMitiow ia not artjued at any 
Iftngth, and we ars cl«siwly of th» opinion t>iat the «vifl«»r.oe '1o<»» not 
»ho^, ae a matter of Itm, that the flefs'ndiant was not j,.:uilty of 
negIltC«no*, 

In ^xajjilnlng the evli«nce to <! tflrmin*^ the nueetion 
whet>^*r, f*R a re«t,tftr of law, th*" plaintiff -^aiR (-t!llt.y of contrilu- 
tory nogllfiiSnce, 8inci» th«j r;u«»8tlon arl8«a on a. notion to itreot a 
verUot for thif -lof en^lsis^t , the laoet fayortiblf* ©▼il'i»nce for the 
plaintiff must t* ace«pto1 as tru^, Wa ll^ ';1^rp'n Expr^Ga Oo)^pm] -( , 
&tn« . 291 I1.1-,, 47^, 475, A Kotion to 'Ur«ot a verdict in In the 
natare of a 4eKurr«r to tb© ®vi<lenc<?. KcCk?njj t. Hfi^ElklS* ^'^^^ 111, 
133, 190. All contr&fllctory evir<<!nee must fc*** reject*'?, XSM ▼• 
Yeee. 2 55 Ul., 414, 418. 

in oonslderlng th« prooosi'-ior; vh«ii cojitrilsutory rseg- 

ligenoe in a qu--stioii of faot and when it is a question of law, the 

Supreme court saia In the o»Be ol' ^gil^ v. Chi<;^ i;j ;f> fil , ^ l „^^y:« .pQ'tapa^yjj^ 

283 111. 340 (p. 645): 

•"The nu««Btion of centrih-story nef^ligenca ia ohp of fact .'or 
the jury un'ler all th»» f tcta and eiroiafisisuacee show^ by th^ nvi- 
denee, (Enle v. C'll ciyr,o Junctio a ■•■•y. Goia'0''my . ??&& 111. 476), 
but cases ocoaslonally arlae in whinh a p«rBon is so carelesm 
or Ms oofi-^-ict tso viclatlve ol" all ration.'jjL at^t<i<lftr'ie of eon- 
•^ttct at3oli«v^t-l« to p*»r«fons in sn like filt'j'ition, thsat th« oourt 
can pay, a« a ai-sttt'sr of liw, t}-'it n© rational p^res^n -^o-jl^-"' hure 
aetel as he '!l-«, an-^ rfti^der Jn^^TO^nt for th'? -lef e»n ifuit,** 

In tV'«» ca9<» fitt fcar »a«s the i->l/4-inti ff "so oar<?l«»B8 or hfts 
eonluct ur, ^iMatWe of (i-U r!itional '^■ta;/larl8 of con ^lot applicable 
to Ti«rBone In a like situation, that the court coalrt aay, aa a 
waiter of law, that nc rational peraon woiild have acstw-'.* sb the 
plaintiff -Mtlf 

ffee pertinent facte rurs aa i" llowa: The aceirtent oc- 






aril 8»j» ""hmttm i»%mA%U!^m:...i^^W^'^\Mi^'^kti^'-' ' ''o'tf#*«« 



i«r 



•00 4 jw.fr losMK fiii i»we>xi:% 1^ »», , «" 



ourred at th» lnt(«r««otlon of iJh^rldan Hoad smrt T>iornrtale aT«nu«, 
thoroughfares In the city of Chlcs^.o, In t};e omlnf; b^twaen live 
fuj ' flvo thirty o'clock. It vj-hb ^ark itlfciit hour, ^3ayllght wa« 
JuBt beginning to break, Shf^riisua Rotxd. mne nort' aid eouth and 
Thom'^akla aY*.nu« m^nt air! wwat, T>if> plaintiff was .Iriving north 
on 3hf?rl'liar. Hoa<! s*n-* th» lef^n-^jint wae ■■^rlvlni>; soutb on r»h»?ri4i!Ui 
Koswl, '^en the plaintiff rottQV:«!Kl tJi« lnt«r«<»otion of ^i*»rl'1an 
Koa3 stfid Thorndale av«nu« h? 9«iw an aiitomoVll* on 3h«^ri-!an Hoiid 
about h:ilf way up th© block, coming south on Sheridan Road, Thia 
'iutoaobtle *ao not th<» one that atnick the oliiintlff ♦© iuti mobile, 
then th© nluintliY oaw this siutusaotoile h>j tmued hi» autoiaofcll* 
just enoui^h to inUcate that he? waiu ,,olnii to turn -;«8t Into 
Tiiomdalo aveijue, Xlr.fi pl^ilntlff stopped, bi<?iW bis horn imd 
llst':ne'3. Th« otVier autocior;ll« stop-tjea rlgr^t up In front of the 
TOlalntlff'a autorsoblle. 1fh«ni the otV:<Br j»utaiioV'lle i3topp<i>i th« 
plaintiff starts to turn -weal into thomdale avenue, s 'i«« &t the 
rati? of three or' four mils® an hour; j*n " tha othor autociobil« stfu-tod 
"back of the T>liintlff to the pl.'a?ittf f ' o right, th<s plaintiff naesing 
in front of th»* ot>>«r avitnmfshll* to the l"ft o'' it. Thlfj «th«sr auto- 
mobile at th© iim.» o-' th<» oolTlalon of the f*!it ■■moT>il<«« of this nVain- 
tiff a.n ' thp ^l^fsn-Jant v^sib north of th© nlfilrtiff'a iiutoEiol?Uo, "fh^n 
the plaintiff r«aoh?'1 th* al -e^alit lln« wh<»r« Sheriilan Hca-I and Thorn 
dala avenuft int^sraect, the -jef en.lant 'a autofsebil^ osme alonig "llko a 
flaeh* ai3d struck the jJlusintiff *« autemohlle ors the front «f»at on 
th« rlg^it-hojid aide, knoeklag th« plaintiff 'a autaEiobil« fro» about 
tha i.:l<idl« of Thernrlale ayuKue over to th«? south curb of Thf«rnSttle 
ATenue, approxiraately ten or t»f<»l"?« feot. Aft«r th«t colllaloB tha 
plaintiff 'a autoEiebll* wae on Tliomaia* avenue about l*lft«en or 
twenty»fiv« feat froK the Interaectioa of 'fhorndala Kv«nu^ and 
^5hitrl<SaB B.OM on th* «out). niift^ of tho curb of Thomdsle avanue. 
Tha plaintiff's tiutoffioirilla waa "all broke" and had to be repairad. 



ham itaoa bsm ti»tm naut bafiSL. emh^*0 «3f«« 
ntitkttx^ «o ,«fi«f»)» anIvHfe mw #a*8^.|'< j-^r «jf# Mu» Inbo 






'^X£?-'..I^«>- 



hi»S%>:- ':v>-«piv« tmi$i» 1*^$ hme ;iMa4 m stiiita nro't -to ^ 

$if^:^i»^,imn'|. ,^xi^mi»$m :p*:'^*^M:m^i^ ^t^^^^^^ ii4xiusi»<Mui ,;i»;;ii«s .i^;wix{«' - 
,,&«('!ti«ir«''t *^ o*-* ■&*** *■*** **^^ ' ^ 



The nlalntUT ill not 8e« thp •Jafwniart •• automoVitl** until it struck 
^^lalntlff IS a«tf»ff-obile. Thorriali* avenuf* 1« about 24 fi'-ft yfl'lt and 
Sheridan AoisA. is wid« en^-ugh for t^r«'> autono^ il*8 to bo '?rlv«n 
abreaat oi' «aoh other "on «ao>. el i« ol' Sherld«i Roufl," The leoft'ilty 
is a r««i<i®nee dilBtriet. It io a closely built up n^sidcnc* dln- 
trlot "on thfi »'oat side;" ou the east aide ol" Thorjru!al« avenue 
there were no huusies. When the coIIIkIoj) occurrol the .i«s !"<•«•,! ant was 
driving at th© rate of tv^nty tc tvanty-i'irf^ nllea an hour, thtt 
lighta on Loth the deOnilant's siutojfobile ai^.i th« olainlll'i"'B ru- 
toKoTt'ile vere llfe-ht04. The dtef^n-iant I'iret a«,w th*? plaintli'f's au- 
toEiObil« '^h^^n it was about a half u. block awsvy. The def flB.4ant saw 
th? plaintiff turning hl« atatota^bll« vshnii it «'a» about t^^'fenty-flv* 
f««t froK th* ief^R'Iftnt 'a autcmobile. 

"^ff ar« el*»Rrly of t;b«» cpln on thr-^t on th'* i?Ylden«« 
w>ilc;>- ■»<? bnvf* atiat«»i^ si^'Ovt^^ it cewz-ot be ©aid, ar- a Eiattftr of law, 
that th« T>l'ilntiff wag ruilty of contributory c«p,lii:<snc«ft. Or ©x- 
T5>r*aHing our ooncltisicin In th« lang'«si:.,f» o5" th>s court in th® c^ise of 
Kell ^y V, C I %x p f .Ch i (?,a£0, ^ ,e.uy r.;^ , we f'io not think that the «svi<!ence 
shows thiiit the plaintiff was ao axxfl^s^? or hie conduct jro violative 
©f all rational stiu.^ards of eondyct applicable to pttrssji® In a liia 
situation, that w« osun say, a« » j!aatt«»r of law, that no riationaj 
T>«r»on *'culf?, have aete*^ a« th«f plfili^tiff -ltd, 

Counsfti for thn t!ef«i«(i&nt contend tl-at under thet i-^otor 
Vft'lclo act { prpnujsably 6»ctioii 5<1 of that aet) thm nef<5ri-'.snt had 
th« rifjht-of-vayj that it wsa eh« iuty of thffi plaintiff to obaerre 
tht approaching autoisobilt of th* dl«fwiiant or to us® r^aaonablw 
cure to s^e it; that th«» plaintiff in the exwrels* of duf ciartt 
wo«l;l or ahoul'i havft aeen that tinlsss hs yiiel-fea tho right -of --way, 
the (!««>f©fi.'!ai".t 'a autossobUe weul ' hit hi?5 ^utst'ioblle; th^jt thff evi- 
fl»net fails tn «ho-w ^^h^re the d«f ^n-lfirit 'a siutoraeblla ^as «rh«n th« 
plaintiff att«ptf^a to Uxm, an! that oonsn^qu^ntly it cannot bt 



■Msifif''\Mimth& 



^wmi. Id t##^«fli *« ....... 



!:«;•!. • |ji2«^' .w*i 1:c''T*ftt'ia"^-i. , 






^flJ 



dl«terii;iiiftd whether or not in t>v© olreiiB?: at «!»©•• th« pXalntilT had a 
rifeht to prooevd. In support oJ" their oontcntloa in rtgMro to the 
rijtiht-oJ-way counKoi I'or thfi deJ'enifu. L cit* the eases of MqC^ rth j^ v, 
fsk^JU^, let Dlotrict App«:llHt« Court, l»o. 29S9S, not yet r<"ported, 

and PaxtrldKO ?« Kberat^inp 225 Hi. A,^p, 209, both of which eases 
construe section Z?. of the iiotor V»»hicle act. 

In ©tir opinion t>\f? question of th<» rl^jht-oi-way 
uzi?!«r section 3.^ of th* l.otor VebUile act dofi's not arise in the 
ease «t har, for thu* rf»?iaon xY-ix'k. tna .lef e«i^?int 's autoraolvlle an<1 
th*» olointiff • a-itornobilie ware approaching? paeh oth«r on SVieridan 
Roft'^-, 8.1)'^ section 33 provldjes that "All yertoles trsivisling uoon 
pultlio hifj-hways Bh.nll give ih^ riFhl»of-»*'-?ay to oth<?r ve>iicles jajM- 
nrQAQrixiS. aloM latj£ll£^MM lii^liS&Za ^'tok the ri^iht, fmd ahull 
hav« the fi;'ht»oi'-way over tho»e approticnlng frojin the loft," In 
the case of fcoCsirthy v. y ?^rll/i _^^^.^ Buj>.rtJt . th-e aoai::5exit occurred at the 
intersect ton of Baltsoral avenue fjnd Qlenwoei avenue, Baiworal avenue 
being Sin eaot raid w^at stx*eet rmd tilenwoo-l avenue Veinc a north .und 
south etreot. the plaintiff whs driving weet on Balaioral avenu* and 
the flsfendant wae driving north on Qlenwood avenue, in tha case of 
far^ri'^sfj v, K]b.e rgt<^l»,.. ^giip r a. tht^? %o«i ^eni occurred at the int'-'r- 
section of Ltiella avenu*??, ;i north imcl south street, and 76th sitreipt, 
an easi and west »tr«s«*t. the plaintiff was driving west on 76th 
street, an'? th© defenfiant was driving- «o«th on Luella sivemxe. 

^e '^iBafrre^ with th** sGntenticm of Ofmns^l for the 
A«f#n^»nt th«t the plaintiff -sras retj'.tiT-er?, im a condition precSf'.ent 
to his rlr:ht to recover, that h« should p.hov? "by th** evi-ience where 
th* iefen-lant 's autns»oMl# wass vhf-n h«?, the t>laintiff, attemptp<^ to 
turn Into Thomiale avenue. According t« th^ evlrjence, thf» ulnln- 
tiff iid not see the defendaiit 'o autoKtoiiile hei'ore it struck th<? 
plaintiff's autoaohile. In tiis »tate of the ©vidwoe th^ quastion 



"M. «*ioirf»1^ IWli*©"©* lirillf*t'9«.4 ■ 

«.«i.*-.rj 4.-'- , 



I 



7>^ 



W!i« wbetbffi* in the olroiii5i8t«uiO«« tVi« plaintll'l' ox«rola«d r*a»«n«Mt 
cmre to ee* tVi* ■.l«fen«t*iKt '« awtoistobilo. On that quest lo« i»9 -Jo not 
think th{»t It can ^« wal'l, a.» a auitt«r oJ" Xstt»» th«it tU« pXalntllT 
falle*} to «x«roiae i«ikttot*ttl»lv car« t« sjeo the dsfoiid.iiat 'o autois;©!*!!*. 

Cou»iss«i i'or tli« ii«f*«ndjwit lurthar argue .'.» loliow*: 
It tbe plalctlJT "hiid not aufi'icimt 8>Ttae« to lft«lc ai't«fr hi* vl«w 
va« ol^etx'uctAd, 1^» shoxjll hav« w&ltod ux^tiX the o^ obtttructlnti \iX% 
Titw bad Koved, ok4 In tmy erent H« was not In the •x«reia« of 
©rdinary oar«, vhen without knowing what Uo might !»• ADproskOhlng 
h« 'irov# Into ths pathi?&y ©f th« dfts'^ndant '« o«ir without having 
«By rn&eon to pr«8tjEi« aij4 no fact on wtoicb to pretsiasie t'i«it no ear 
w«» aipproaohifiic 3>ois the nsrtli. " 

In our Yiew t>i« «ttrg^ji®s«fti of fjoimsel for the dofwn-tant 
fr«««nt8 !jw»«tlon« ©I* f^ct I'or the Jury \m.i% p.©t csuaation* oJ' lawr 
f«r feh* court. TiJ«' rtil« fey w'nioJi «t qtj«»ti©ri of 3'fi.ot may toe di»» 
tin^tiil Bh<??i txmi. % q?j«Btlen oi" law, isi t>at if the facts are oonco^Iodi 
©r is" thoro is no r^ia}>«to a,» to th« i*i^te iM»4 all i^esisenacle paroons 
will j^r«o I'rosa tM« «vl-4«noe on tfe« Icgltisj-ate oonclttsions to be 
irtMfn from the eyidexiOOi thesi th^ queatlon beooi^iise qxh^. cf lav and 

not oi* tm%. MiSEt v. fea^^oli.via.l,M.. .S;^^,. ,.fe<aEijaaf. , «He- ixi.,io» aa. 

li' tbero may !:>« *i .flSisTferonoo «f opliiien about th© ««nelualon© to fee 
4rft«n froffli the evi4«i;.G?» so Uiat rcas^nttfeiffl aindw win is3a*rAv« at ^ii'« 
ferast oonel^«i*",' ", tfesj* it is & Questiai'j of fact for th« jury. 
H@iaftnreli^ %* -■^r<SBr^ «!f . a$0 3;il, , 439, 453, In th« case vit bar w© 
tMlnk that r©aeoBf*ble ssln4« away differ tm th« qu^ation whothor th« 
plsdntlff wa.* guilty of oontrlfewtory s*i|ligm'ie«, 

CottKsel for the ai&lBtiff oerit««n«1 ti^iit tlte oourt trr^d 
in allowing th«» trial attowriey for th« 4«f®»-;!»nt to croa© ©xauKlnt 
the j|ef9«djmt mfeoat at&tt«9r« not ^ovored on tb« dlrtot ft3oa®inutlen of 
tli« ^«f«Bil<!mt. ni«s dofondmst wsne eallea as a. "witi^aaa or^ "c-«ymlf of 
tl3« |>ialntlff »nd qw«®tione4 onlv hb to th« rat«! of so^ad *t nrhloh 
h« wao flriTin^. tfeto trial attyrn^y ior tko aef«B4ant on croos- 



ttU^JMSli %«CJ£-««e» %^Jf-^ «w#*m« ■". '/i^' ,.■.■i^^-- 
«itS j^i^r^jUV^tiifo %)9 •till':'' X'Jtt Off' 'M#l#rrnKr' '^Iv-Dd'::: 



n ; -;f<Msi 






."^^^wl ??r»' lot 5 13 ^t *?•:;* aaL 
SIS' ir,sc^ ■ 



, a»rt ^ 



.J3 it^ai 






'^!*ia- 



'nwiA 






i)iai.aa»i:» ««il'SO eS itbn 



i£i.l!<<.t«A'i'fli1b ear. 






«»« whether in the oirciiciBtoncea the plnintll'l" •x«9role«d r«aoor.£>t)l« 

enre to «•» the d«l'end«nt*a autosioklle. On that queation «« .io not 

think that It can be sriid, as » jmr.t <*r ol' la-w, that the plaintiff 

failef? to exerci«« reasonnYlp car* to coe th<» d«fenr1ant'9 autonibile, 

Couy>«*l Tor the drf eri^ant I'urther argue as J'oHowa: 

If thf» nlalntlfr "ha'l not BVjfl'lcifsnt •nnof* tc lock nftwr his vi«m 

**e obstructP'l V«i9 vlftv ha<i tHOV«^. , '%n'\ In njiy pv«nt h" w»e not in 

th« (sxerclne of orilnary car**, whi^n --'Ithout knowlrir iMhat he mi^^ht 

hft appro Inching h« 4roT« Into the pathway of th« 'lefunf^ant 'n car 

without hnvlng any r^-iaon to wresuto** axx'". no J'-ict on whlqv to x^r*- 

waa 
suBie that no ca^aoproae>lng froji. the north,** 

In Qur vi«w the argym<«)t. oJ' coufuvel for f^e defors-iant 
preannts Qutistions oJ" fuct lor T,he jury -avi not qu-^stlone ol' lair 
for the oQurt. 2'he rul« by -*:hieh a qut?5»tior, oi' faot ssay hft dis- 
tlnguiahed froi.'^ » q'aostion of l^xw, is chat U the facts are conceded 
or if Uiere le no 'llsnwte ;*b to the f leti an > All r^afflonatle pereonB 
will a«jre« froa th« «vid.«>nee on ths* l«g:itisi<i3i.t«»: concxuRtont:! to he 
dravn from the ^viienee, thon the qumetloB becoauss «ri? of Irin? s»nd 
not of f&ct. St^ria v. Cow g c i i < a t«'j. , .,C o sa. C wap -^n j ^ . S4,8 ill,, tC , 28. 
If there asay be a rUffer^nee of opifiion aboiit th* cnnclusions to be 
ariwrn from th© evifiwrsce so ihnt r^asonahl** mini* ■^ilJ. ■urrive at dlf- 
fi^rpnt oor.clurionp, thari tt i «! a qM«%«ttorj of fact for the Jury, 
Kei i^nreloh v, Brepjiier. P.6Q 111,, 439, 452. In thi* ch8«?. at h«r tre 
tv^lnk that reanonahle min'^e raay '!lff*»r on th<^ question whifthatr the 
plaintiff «a« guilty of contrih.itory R^gliK^nce, 

Counsel for th© plaintiff eontsn,! th«it the court 9rr9^ 
in ftllo!?lng the trial attorney for th«? fl*?f ^ndaiit to cross exstfr.ine 
the iefenaant about matters not covered on th« 'irect exariJn.itlon of 
the '^afeniant, *he ilefsi^dufit was caiiatl as a fitn-.-'Be on behalf of 
the plaintiff an'i qu^stloKeel ©nlj as to the rate of apeed fit rhich 
he va» driving. Xh^p trial ^Attorney for the defendant on cross- 



t>£(itiao6Mi»'s. ii99l»t*x.B TiliakMla tisii a»»ii^iiitmupxt9 <M<4 ttt ^mittmtiw «. 

mi i«a BMW •«( #ni»T* %n». iiA Jhi^ |l>»ii*'««': 

•#1|f ;, ^ ,„# i.f^w .i*^ *«MJl! , itt.. fe#|,,f «i» - 
#««&>«» "tiDb »kii tot X9««ir«© 1:« ^tts-iii,- 

-life ^, •Tl^W,..|XI?f :»*4iJt» »4itl. ■ 

b^nuM ttvm •dt *«4i|.. ^lM*»f «««.. ttJMfttl^- 
'io 'tXciiscf ao ttftswi" .-.■.■ 



•xswrdrjation, over tta nlalntiri'*e objection wa» HlloT'nii by the court 
to #»,«urdn» the -lef «(Tjiftnt »t X<wp;th conowrnlni: *h« wooidwit. The 
trl«il attorney Tor th« plslr;ti fi" we.B then pnrislttfi to eroB« #xaKln« 
the <!ef ©n.'I'Wit, J?o wltneBpas rtertt oall*'? on h*half oi' th« -^wf^n !ant. 
Th« trial attorney for the <!*fenT««r)t. conQti<^.e^ on the tri*U. thnt his 
«x»siln;it4on oi' the defsulant >waB not proper oroeB-e»XMr!.lin&tlonj th*t 
in exAfi-lclrig the •:i.offtiidaKt aa hr; ;Ui, he Int'ir.ded only "to «s«v« 
tuaw," lu thle stats oi' the* reocrd the del'sndont ahould hc> ccn- 
»ider*d at having taetlilc.? in his ami b^hfell"; mvl the motior. of 
the d«l"eo!laBt to dlr«et tho verdict In I'tivor oi the defendant 
ahouild he conRldsred as having h«en laade -ftt th« oloe«> oi' all of 
the (evidence njr»'? not nt th* oloae ci' th« plain til" $''.«, ©vidanoB. Bat 
since the sj«u.«? rule appllee to a motion to Urevt a verdict at the 
clo»« of the plftlntliT*s evii^snce, as to a Siotior. to 'ircct a ver- 
•*ict at th9 cIoH«» of all th'^ evil**no« ( Lthby ^, i.;. ffl»<yU]L & l^Ih t-j^ v. 
Conk, Rup'fft, T>, -"'1'^) , thf» ohj<^otion of cowneol Vox the plais-itiff 1» 
lamuti-^rl jil, 

jft>r th* r^aeione lEiioat«»'^ th« ji^Jga^snt of tht? trial 
ooart l« r«ver»-r5f! nni the caaae r«^j'i«Drjd«d., 

R.jrV?3lSS3 AST) RST.-:iJv?mi). 

Jtfttchstt , P, J,, js»a fcc3ureJ.y, J,, concur. 



till iJ9i& £iti'i§--m$ ti* h»htmm&-»tiiihm1f»h:'iMr 






136 - 50395 






T», 



APPEAL Jmcai KO^IC tPAl. 

COtJHY CV CEICAaC. 






MT^, JnST'^G?. ^FJStOB nfi.tVgtfKT) TTTS; OPIKtOK OJ' TJJ}; CCW-^T, 

This l9 ftn %i>t»oskl tey Leui* i». llelR«« ^ajJ iill*» S«lia'4i», 

eo«rt direet«« th« jary to riK-^ Ir fmvor oX' the pli^lfitin', I'bc 

brsttiiht Mi actios a^aiiSKt the ft«f wiaiawts to recover #310, 4w al- 
legcrd to b« ci.u« sxi a contr»et b<?iw«^Jti th« pi'S.lritirf asil ihfz »!«- 
f«r»da»t». Tto.« c«»traet ie &» roliow«j 

"S®ld t© liei^au BTija. 31&v- Polk St., £hiiuag0. 111. 

£uy«r'» o©«Si».>tW® r«qiiiresi«nt« liot to exoeeA by mutual aen- 
f^BTit^ IC'O bft^B, ecntsilJdng A?»proxir.'vt«'l3r 110# «^aeh. 

With prot«ctioo agftiitst de*clin« «« uJ^Svleiivera.i pcrtioj:.; 
th«.t la. If ■■'•.«riR;r thp lif^ n^ t,hl» (peatrae: m lotser oric* le 
«stfB«<l by eomp«tit6i-», s^il^^r l« *-ltV,*^r to ta«et tbat pxlca or 
Bllo* btiyT to T>wrekri»« #afl<?«-bp.re wi^il* auoto reduetioB in In 
foreti quaf'tity so gi^roliaei^'S *,© b© writtes oil tho coati^et. 
:'rlr;« 5Ce f'-r Th, 0.f.K., ex-war^'hews* Clnleago, 

J>*llvp>ry to Ts« t'^it^n owt »» fnllowe: 

SB fe«»«« Mareb'l, 1«^S. SR Bagu M.ifcy 1. 1^23. 

?*fi * April r, 1«»''::^, ^^ " '^'Hi® i» i^^3. 

■payable «t CleTeXsoid Isi cnrr?*! fun^a. IT not eth«rwi«e 

tlon« e^veTlKe: imlsstajttinlly «o%'«l akofittily Quaiiti tie». Buyer '• 
f?iU»^r« to fnrnls>> sn<»otf Ieatt?»T)» as ?»r9r#«'.»i.-S««??» *^ a-^l.-.tT 8 
option, ^lt»^e»t n«tio« to fetty«9r, ^« trsate^d ar. ' <3on«ii»ra?^ *.a a 
waiver oe th« »art «f t>-.« hnys^r , of all rights te d«man^\ 8tt^»«- 
!iu@«t Salivary cf the ue»p«cift«4 T^ortion oJ" th« gooaa, ivacn 
-Sfilivery to stiiKi*. as a Renarotf- eal*-; but if t'liyfir fail* to 
Ail^'ill tercsB ef jjnyaent ur* i«r this or other eontracis, eciier 
ffis^ il^ffit Jurtbtr »Mpffi«nt« luvtii payn^'nt is t^ada, or ia»y e<w5c«l 
this m'-i other eantracta, at teis option. Bell^^ry »ubjact to 
»11. coKiingericlee beyots-^ th*» asllor'e oontr*;!, whether occur- 
rittg from matter* s.ri>«tlag th* a^lier'e pow^r to -:..:u3uf;-i»tur9 
or deliver, or the receipt by hi» froa thoa^ with ^hea aeller 
has coEtracted for the '?.ciiTer;if ol" itatsrial, froife "?KieJi the »a- 
4-^«««i *« >^a fH!^.! shAc! her<*Ta3fter i 1^ t© be aupnli<3d,* _^I 



Q; T' «^i 



t kM 



li^- 



mcos: • 6SX 



Thr» claim pi' plaintilT in that on iiuaro>> 1, 19^?S, 

th« plaintiff deliyerftl to tho ■i©t>u'\af3te th« ^5 V>ft^;» of carsiwuy 
»»«T^ r>rovide<5 J'or in th<» contract, ani that ace rrtinff to thp 
tnrxi,* of t>i<s contract th« aijtour.t ^u" '/or the caraway »«<»<! hc 
d«liT»r«dl wa» 1813,40; that tV-e 1«f suci ^nnta refu6«rl to p<jy for 
thn caraway seed. 

Xhe '■lof ©r. 'lantE filftfl an affidavit of icu?rite an'' a 
separat* plea of Bst-off. in their affifiavit oi merits thf r!e- 
fendsoits allege that "the defenlaxits on fa'Dr-mxy r?, 1923, noti- 
fied the plaintiff that thr- pricft of c&rawiiy seed had fallen and 
that def«n«*ant8 were offered by pliiintiff 'e coiapetitorB oaraway 
se«i at 27fl!' per lb, sni <1easiij'}e;i to Jmo^•■' if plaintiff would meet 
that price; that plaintiff advise^^ dnf^ii-Uxnts th^it it would meet 
th» competitive price of 27sf p«»r lb., and wnuld deliver the 
Uareb shipment of 25 Taage, with protection ?igaiKBt decline on 
undelivered portion; that ia, if durin*.: the life of thip «jontract 
a lower price i« nnj»ed by co»ip«titorB, seller is '?lt>5«>r to meet 
that price or allo-w buyer to purcViiae pleewh«^re whil« eueh ref'uc- 
tlon is in force; quantity eo purohaa«»d to b« written oi'f the 
contract,* Th<» iei>j\i'*Mta furt? «»r allloge that the plaintiff re- 
fusei to deliver the caraway seed provldfil for in the- contract on 
April ?, l9P.^, amy l, ler'.S, and Jtjune 1, 19S3; that thereupon the 
defendaiit* boTie^^t the caraway seed in the open sarket; that the 
a^u-ket price of caraway seed! had advanced ir. price M5d that the 
defendants suffered a loes of ^460.36, which they w«re «?ntitied to 
recoup from th«* plaintiff. In th*ir aet-off the defendaiits allege 
In substance %hax by reason of the fact that they iB»ere compelled 
to I'uy caraway se^d in the open finwket at an adY4*nced price, th«rt 
i© iue th« defenffants the bub of ^38J5.87 a: t«r allowing the plain- 
tiff credit for th^ svim of |7^7,41, the wfaount which the defer, ^ants 
allege was due for t--e o»r?iiway Re#a. delivered on Karch 1, 1^95, 






-..ii, 



.S"^-; '^X#i;-X;;rC: 






hm^^oeliA^t Sm4''^^« i(^mi%i^^ 




%Sf«stm» tii^-kHtikc^ ■ 




#'a»0i Ikliio '''^ " :.' ■ 




t&fiMB felt' " jri?rn*. . 




"■■'''■ M ■> '/ i ). ".' .•> i.'AWjyif fcfi>» ,.j^ 


,..•.■, 


ill-. »»j!l * '^'~''' '" ♦«.«»}>»«»> rt A !■■*■•,»■» ^.v *• 


•/* » 


#«i««rlj(t«)>d «^".' 




ti!>»m 0$ t«.rr:. .. .;- _-. -. 




-t-iff'i*:" S'^'-!<t8 ••iTL'fTi* .»'I(»;f\W\' 





, fe-^wi V/!V!n:£i- 






nu . 






9di ;&«•■ 



art;*' »i 



The plaintiff denl«»ii the all«fiatione oi' the (^«i'«nr1a'it» 
and ftll«g«i that on karch 24, 19?,."^, the plalutifl* cancelled th« 
contract because of the refusal »f the .iefen^:int» "to male** payia«ntB 
In accor^anc* with the terns," of t^** oontraot fcr th« carawa.v •«•(! 
<!ellv«»T©'^ to the 4«f enfant* I-iarcb 1, 10^.:^, 

Counasl I'or th«» plaintiff contQi-ir.1 that the iaf •n "'antB* 
••ali»E«d ne'w «tgreeiaent or oral mdification of th« original con~ 
tract >-a« -within the stutute of jraytis surj'l not w^foxcihle,* tmA 
that th« ^asnw^jeB oluliseii "b; th*' i4«fen(iunt» in thfcir B«t-off wert 
unliquidated and aid Kot artao out of the traiisaetion an ^Moh th« 
suit was "brought, an i tharaforo were not a proper aatter of »«t-ofr. 

In the view ws take of th« caao it xr not nooeRuary to 
decide the questions raised by counsel for the !Jl*.liitlff b^oause of 
the fact that the «Tlf5«ncj« does not show that a "lower price" was 
"naaiftd by comoetitors" of the ^jlaintiff before the delivory of the 
caraway eefd on ISarcV' 1, 1923, That beinr so, the plalntii'f was 
entitled to be nai'l at th« rate of thirty cents a pounHi and not 
twenty-seven cents a nound, ae cont«nd*»f1 by the -!ef endants; and th« 
plaintiff ^ae luatlfte'? by th« t«»rKa of th«» contract in cancelling, 
ae it 'ii<*!, th« «5on tract »il' K.^irch ^1, lvi35. 

According to th<> contract th« ^l^iintiff wi^e required to 
me^st a lo-^er , -price naj;-?-^ by competitors; ani if the plsilntiff failed 
to ''o «o th«» f!«»f *n-'.aj-ite ooxili "purchase (?isewhfre whi.lff nuch rer^-uc- 
tion" v^B "in forG©,* 

The only evidence relating t© the question whether a 
lower tsrios was naiued prior to the delivery of the caraway seed on 
itaro'L 1, 1923, is that of Louis 3, Relsian, one oi' t) « lef «»r.dactB, nxid 
a l«»tter to the plaintiff sit^gtied *hoUiaa BroR, •* Ihe tP-wliuony of 
Louis G, Ikeituan la this r«?gT)PCt, «,« 9V,o'/?!i by the transcript of the 
tft8tls:ony, la ae follCJ^B: 



ftt' 

9;ISW 



lie 



**Q,. Al'tftr tntB cootracl waa «if:n«»^, H''. you call or htvm 
any conv^rsut Ion ovt-r tV^<* t'-". t^V^'or.** vrlth Hr. "Hlagwr'^ (the 
ra^nagwr ol" thw ;ndca«o oi"fir«» of t> *i Tjliintlff ) . 

">*. Yo*, on th"t ?-7th '-l.'e of Ffjbr-.v'wy. (IP'?"^). 

" •, Just tell vYfit 'f'fk.fi Bald liy Aifer oo« of you. 

••i%, I cailfid up iir, Sagftr jut' Loli >'ln: t,h-\t the mnirlcet 
on car -i^'/'^y ooed ciino .1o?ti to tT'en"^y3'-80v«n oent« vn-l tyT»er tb« 
oontraot I waa «atltior! io thfi r>t>u:3£et prlc« pr«vrtlllng fct th« 
tlmr. lie eaid , 'I "^1X7^ oall you hack,' Tie callad me b.cK. and 
0»»id, ♦All rlj:;iit» wa ^iil ma'it that prinft.'" 

It will bo obser-red that oflly t,}\e Esarkot or.lo* vaa 
rsferre'.;! to, urid not the prlca of a coifip<?titor of tha nlAintlff; 
that no coi^pwtitor of the pi in tiff w&b meKti.ont>fi, Tlie pl^^^ifiti^'''** 
ho^«v«»r, was not reouix-ei by the contract to aeat thR Kfixket price, 
but only to laeet a low«r ptioe of 5k competitor. Th- pric« of 
thirty cents a povni was fijie-i by the contract an-l th«»rft lis notMng 
in the contract from ^^hioh T&a^&oi.'il.ly it coul'f ^^e Inf^Tre'' that the 
price* wan to b# lower*!' to tap.^st a <:^«!er«aiBa of price ir th<? isarltet, 

Thft tf>Btiyacriy of Lonif? 9. ,I»>1k.-^: ^ag ■ler;!''-'! by ■•••lager, 
who t«Htifi«d thfiit he '■^■i''^ >.vj..r« a convPTsat Ion ?'.ith Lo'jif G, .J;<5iir.r>n 
but thst it wa» on Karch 14, 19 '■;.", v^Moli was afti^x" tfcfi 'lollTery ol' 
the first ships en t of caraway so-d, nas"!3y, £ar#: 1, 1985; th.st In 
thi» eonvere&tlon Iseiidtic st&ted t. at Solfsl mvX Gossipariy had j^lv«n 
him a prio» of twenty- 3«v«aa oeiits on i'^ibruary 27, 19;^3. it mb9 not 
conslderlnt^ the denial of iiager, ho^-evsr, as it t^ouI' not be persis* 
aible to cjo so ix* reviewing tiie trisii aourt's actio?; in dlr«cting a 
verdict lor tbe plaintiff. 

llift letter 8lgn«d *ibi«iifian Bros." ■^hioxi *■« hay*-? referral 
to aa relating to tbo «vi lenc© l« qa«8tlon, containe', this state* 
ffient; "On Feb, 26 w« «pr« of fibred the cara.'»ray 8«?»d at 2fs^ p-^r lb. 
roi^. we lisuae'ilately csll^l up Mr, K&ijfir at Chicago an ! ho s&ld h« 
woul'^ meet th*» ^irlce of 37ci'. " It ';cep not aooear, hcT^eTcr, who 
HiMe th« of f«!r. 

Included in th« v«^r'ict is i*itere®^^ to th»? awount of 
#47.68 which the court allowed, w© 4© not think that lnt«»reet 



^r.-'{ 


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^te»': 




, 


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f^.-'f 


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9a. 






batt . 


. - - 


- , :._ , -, 



. 9H *..Ji- - - - 

StttftltaK »V«rf •*. i-Sftiritw *.ad"»at £(«i^»Vi' 



Bhonl 1 have b««ri aiioww'l. li' wltMn t*»n layn J'rou; th ■ I'llin^; of 
this opinion the wlalnr-lff v»in r«»rolt th/» atietmt oV the Intftr-^st, 
w# will affirm tv« jU'^iT^ont; ot' f»r»l«« ♦-he juVcm'^nt vlll be re- 
Tftraoci arid th« ean«« r'»?nni,r..''»*»«1. 

M»teb.«tt, P, J., *ur5f1 l?cSt»r«l7, J., ccncr.r. 



19 ^aill^' Vili.- a/Uli, sill-- - .rttrin 

J flux ITT I \^H iiJ^j^j cr^y;n"siA 



,*??'»t' 



14a - 30407 



ve. 






241 



ii«, jf^sfxas JoHifStcii BmiviHis fim muim m mr, cGtJHt* 

I.«wo»«na, l»tJ)ib;uj4 ae^ ^If*, the ^ef«?jn4-Ants?, from a J'ii^-*-^»nt nn a 
T«rdlet isflilcin th» tylaX eeart ^ir»et«d tfce Jiayy to t'ln-i In farer 

by the defeca^nt* fiud ^ayalia?? t© Eaasjs ars'b4«ila,«'.i, Vrc^m ^lOia th« 
filalRtlff alieg«« h« feeught the nets. Uxseialsidl o%>tain«<i «h« 
»«t« fror. t>!.R 'lef «»rx4a2:jt» In ■p^fu^nt ©I" eoms&i ©slants «?hl«b h.« el^>isi« 

the ¥>rt!Beip&l qtiwetioR iK th** ca!?«S is trh@th«?r ti»« 
©©urt W8.« ,l«?}t..1! fi<?1 iK '?lr<s-eti«g a r^r^fStct for ths? ol-*tKtiff , 
Com'- eel f&r thg ^lattntliT ecsivt*®-.' %h%% fh^ ^«f «*rj^,antffl sye aat 
•atitle'^ te a re-trl** af f*** e"?.**** ''or thes rsa«ea tha.* tlte assign* 
«ent8 of **'rTor of ih« 'fef ®R'!«i,%» ap#* t;o© i-ww^rsO. -'Sin?} in-iefiolte, 
there Is no B#Tit In tho e9nt«*\tien. fii« asat^misnt of ^rr^T» 
•Jtl«g«s that tk« G«»rt trx-M i« evejp-rull«g tKe saotioa f^r a jitfv 
trialj f5«d fti-rea in ln«trtt9tlag th«i! Jian* to roturn » verdict Tor 
tfee plslntlff, 

• tetal fttrafigetr tc the <l©f*ni*Rt», eall9«f %t tb«ir hoa* o«if «-»••©• 
tec afe««t 9j?R} sua4 tel,1 feh» daf«nda»;t8 that fc« h.'«d & :^rehfe9»r ^sh* 
w«st^d to \iHy e«rtal» ijrop^ty ©wn®4 tey %h& ^mfmi-Umf, The d«- 



"tPW: 



4 ii 



fef.JouKt *a»8ily i.«vo»(inA, "wh»s V!%9 r, a«?«rittfilc, aouli not rea4 ©r 

*rtt« l^i&ellah, *« i hia wtf«, th^ fi«r»rK}*nt Paulina L«iron«nR, onul^i 
not reaA or vrlte <uiy Xartj^niage. IHtiift nKifotiati&aa with arsl)i9i«^i 
trert eeF<«*.uot«d f«rtly In 5;h« i'ollob lan^susigo <s««A psurtly In i£nt:Il«h. 
OvB^ieXsJci Bald that h« li%d "peapie* wfao waiitfJ to biiy tli« property 
Mid h» «slt«^l the defe»^^mta wh%t nric^t th#y »auXd «eli th« property 
for, fh«s del' ■'>r?.-f4i.nt9 off«ir«ft to nffiX tfo«» i^rttpexty for #lt,700, 
Srasbl«le)cl uvaiA h9 wao gotni? *&o »h«'«' th« »«ople %h».X tfcla coB» 
trftftt <»o«t $1B,7SG,* Th« <^.«fi!sri'1.»Rtt! r»^«*'« t© git* iS^raMtlnkl tho 
,^ifferefi«« bfttwewi #X2,70C sn^i Sia,?90» «wiisly $lORi\ for his eoa- 
tBleslona, Grssblelskl a«3ii<s1 th© <?*f-9«ftifci3t« t© sign th© centrtiet 
far t^s »al« oi' tite isfrefertif, ^u'l al»© t© sip-ja, a©<i«rdl«g to ^^aoally 

a cosfsiasloa, Wasailj?' I.«weaB®»» s.^i-,'! tn%% hm w^g **«ikfr<ald to »igM^ 
feia n*s»; that h* t©i4 argfeioiolii tbat thty hsid bstt^r go to t>*« 
M«trop0iS,ti5tfi B%m%n BosBte aa4 ssiJiOt© th«i csKtr»«tt. Q3?«feieiJiSil r«|>3.i«»A 
that It waB iat«j t,h^t h«> Hf^al^ giTS t)iffi 4«f ®jiii»j5t» $100 that 
night aas;^ ferine mero aoaey S-istrarda^, .aa.?^ at tJ-jiat ti«e tJi.ey w©ui4 igso 
to tfe« Ittink. Srasblei^kl gav^s the d^fots'lanls* $100 ^m^ %h«y $ifea«d 
a sentrsafcct for th« »ai,® of tl3« ^ydp^tj for ll'I.^S©, )i«d sJ-»e 
•Ignis*? s. Ja'.^psent not© for 11050, ^ayalslo to Sr«fel«lafei on afeiain*^. 
In t*5^ eontyaet QrmTeioXaiti himself ^as fi«^©e«!? aa thti purQhr»99T of 
tfeo fyei^^yty. Pa'all«j» INlfW^nwna ijign^:? both th«t tiotttra.«t ssasd tho 
fioto by m»kins, h<sr m^rk, Sho ws*.?! «;,5k«d ««rinf h«r *jxsesin'?iila« on 
th^ trial If sisu lB«?tjtr«4 ©f 6T»'bl«lsSEi *Nrl!at tfca ^jaju**' i8<i«B3t - 
^hftt t>^♦^ G«Kt«ato trsro." Sh© r«r»li«(i, «I --li^lB't kfiow nothtni^ to 
ask, I wag fTm& th% &14 &nyin%ry, ««-•? hm Snnt telt we, H« 8*^14 )i« 
will »«ii tb» hew^ fsnd I ^ili ei^ this to i»ay cois^ilaKien, " 
irssblolffikl fall^4 tis oell the uro]»®rty tm^ior tb« eeiatraot. About 
throo ^e«>ka lator k# ^roduood » pr^sp^^tlvo iiurchnsor by the n.^^^BiO 
«f iidwayd looseiaoatJta^ &b4, » »,e» oontxaot ^ae ectg'ro^ Into festws^en 






vV fcj^j"^?- ->i'?v .ii^ fi- 



jN4!X«*j*'r«i''^ ■■■■■ 






:«l«iJMa* 



•-liflfiKi .iSae».«(*i*»*SMw <#sMs'i&g'«St 



is!<j.^i5'4' 



iMii^v 



(.iiM£'-v';'?i<i) i*"" 



SS;-?. d' ■#•!•-■ 



«.rf *i. 



J.?<^:f^. v^JA^'t^r^i?- 



JoesssnxIcA *att\ thm AnfanAHuatn lor t>i« puro'n^tw of th» property at 

the prie* of ^X3,6C;0, JoBscnsIca p«l'! the ^•fdnc^Atiis <^40C. Xh* 
oontrnet «aa •XAOuied at the MttropolitaA State Stmk in Xhn pret- 
ence of on ofrielal ol' th« b?»ii]E wno h^^d Iraiftftl the eontrASt. 

Ih^ ftirl ^Qnci rftlfttlns to the* iaanner In '«h£oh thv plaict- 
tiff, kioha«X 0«fd£l&ej£i , olsttHi»e4 the n6i« thut ii^^ eufi.^ ozi is &• 
feilG#»: *i9 first fta^ the uot* »,£ the of3le« ©J' hl» brother Vr«£j|, 
vh© -was A lawyer eiii alto i^ tb« real estate boslii^tis, «!»«.! irho «*» 
§rsblele^l'e fettyr«*qr aiecl ui»o ih« attoanaey fer Je»««n«iiit». 
Stlcfcacl IJftrdrlnsici fead kR9'!»fe ^ra'blflilRitl for j'iiteeu yeaars ani th«y 
fea^ t««ii doiiig fe«alfce«e together for aiiae or t«is y?»%r«, At 
S)r«bl«l«!kl*8 xeqa«8t Mie>!.5»©l "D^rAalBski purehissed th« not».= fro« 

|s«TehaB«<! the not* te«t M^ not kii<»-» '^Vj-st tife^s iv«vte 'i«'9..» givwj for, 
aii Rftt knew sftythlRfej abeut th* ^©fen'^HVits, ^^6 ha.*? n«ivey »e«n 
th« '*iefecfj«st»» that drsl^i»Iski «ai4 th*t h«i had *fe«5«>ft- doifig 
feaein^'BS with th«ss f®r y^mraj" tH*4t b», D«r<$»lns-ki, -H--' «ot i'ini 
out whsit ^e fiot# »as glvis'ji for ujatil Jtlieut tiiree or fsor 8«;nt.>i» 
aftsr be purohe^e@di ih« fiot«s th^t abftiat thst.t tim« ho needed aoae 
laoaey .'JGd a»k«-4 S:r«"bieJL&k,l to aeileet tKe note. J*»r him.; tJaat 
C«»«1»l©iakl wa« uBtiible tte -i^ so; t3^**v K**, &«r4Eltiakl, "feelieves t>tat 
firaiblelski r«t%iae«i &ttor»eya to e©Il«Mst the oaift thy-ougJi tei«, 
B«r ds in ski * B , b ro th er Fr aarUc . 

lj&ith«r §irx^lel@iil, ^o»een«s3(A^fi»r J^rtuik IXix^.s«B8kl 
t««ttri«d »B th9 trial, 

there ia »$ evi-'lmteir that SrE^leXekl iigir*©^ to prt- 
ewre a p«rcS>%»«r r«a1j, r1b1» an*^ vllilngr to fcxiiy tfc« ^rriperty «f 
tJsft 4«f0ii??%&t»* T>:i«pa lg» ati ^ll»gJitieR Ifl the plaintiff** s*:j,te» 
»««% of elaia that S'TB'blelakl ••^e^r^d » f»mro>i3»,s«]* re»4'?y atiJ «111* 
lag t« fi«rehae« tji* protserty of the (f-«f^n'^Ant»,* But th»rp I© ne 









, '- is^«»»JINi : . ??«»«#«» : «(Jf^ 



:-»s»i*i»T,. 



i«»,^€fet*B5®f 



-'■ -5.'«' Kit! f « hf «?i • it*-^:" 



*Tid*ncft to euppoi I tha «ille&&tlca. Tht Tsi^lr.til'i" t!o?e jjot 

•«ri?lu»«^e. ^* sii.gr<»« with t-hlt i^oatcM^t.tofi. 31 Cjre, 9, 63. 
hut vh«« tk« a>ile(£atleft is tr«i%ie<9 tkB euri>xuii.%g«, thn I^juaIb e3' \}a 
j>lai.intiJ'f *s olal» le ssertil y the pramlcaery a©t.fr Uisvt is tuea ob, 
■with©«t say 5i.lli»aatioii« le tH« J5ttKt«ffi<-?«t of claini fee to tl-:C pur- 

ip«»« for whleb «he liote wsl« ,-i-»eii, tK(? aiily R?l/s*m«i» Ic renar^. 

t» tfe« |»ttrp©se f0V -shlch 'ih« »ot« tsiMi glvun in the t«;utl*oiij^ of 

r«»»&fti*l^ly »i^ miliuit of tliie iBf*-jr*sKee OiSit C-r«til^lPhl ^-as net to 
%« Ip;*!^ saay d6JK&i»cle&9 iml'Sfcs aiKl until %hi^ at»f«Rda«t6 rfeei^f** 
$%ii!,7Qei i'rmi a ^ureba.««(r that ®ral>i«laki ^^»ul i proour«* It jauet 
b« l&on^Q ifi »iii4 4» {^oasid«riii4 tk^ «Tlii*siie« it- respect o^" l.Tie 
ai^««sfe;«i!tit It*?!**-©!* ^« 4«fi&*i'-.?i8,3.it& a»a @riKl3i#ls^, tilis-t the cl"j.i« 

l&UVf^ewi artfcielftki ^aid th« fil«f «3i4®itts slmi Gritieiski t-'oisI '■ pro* 

the i?rop»rty, t^ara is-ay "ba r«»i!tBa.t>iy 4»^«.talb'le sdaol'salonB, 1% 

ilo «0£i*tv.lag farthsJT, ijj^aly, to ^r^^txrm & pufchaseir ^ho ?*€>iil<l 
a«tttally pstfatm hla (.^oasraet »« that |}4e i«f -radantg wodliS r<»« 

■4© fax ii. o.iP iSt»eij»8iaj& of th« «yi'iane<$ w© h.afQ aas^iias-'j for th« 
»*i« ol" Ar«;-a&*i3t tb-At th& note waa frae frsssa frfta.!. But f* thiftlc 
tfea* 9» tb« tvU^«« tis« -meet Ion of frmtd la hc l»e^«. 



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i\-!.:, ,. 



t^ ¥i "«!*%•■%■ 












. JjS-jRtdlS©*: 



1F« sr<!» flf t)5« opinion that the trlftl "-lourt cem'^lttei^ 
r«T9r«fblP «rror In lncitrt»otlag t>« Jury p^reaptertly to return * 
▼«y<«iet in f*rf&r of th» plaint I J'f, 

Jhft rule li» tJat it is otily eroper to «iv« » psresiptwry 
iBitryctloKi to find for th* plaintiff wh«« th«r« le no «"»l<f^«r4e# 
t««-Uiit: to oiapport may defe»»«, J^'yy^^ v. M-'s^nufjioturera -unj*. M»y « 
^haiata i.ifg Agsoclfe^loft. 263 ilU 3Ch: , 308; 'Ml^MLMXSiSLJLWSmSL 
-9, ZSBM2L» ^^^ ^^^« S**®* ^5'** ^^ '^''* faota ar^ ooncode-i, or ii' 
there is »» di^put© wltla r«J>re«e« to the JT SiCtc, and all re&son* 
a*jl« »•■« will sigree TroJa tli» ©vilwce on tfc«« i«glt,liaat« aenclu- 
sloss to "bm 4r«6*s frsis the *?vii^*?fioe» th&r. tk» Question b«com«s 
6»« Ql" l««r &J&^. BOt of fsfcOt. ^taai^ v. CeHgfil,iA ia t«i^ C<^ ' ^. Ooaqtafi g-. 
94B HI, ^', »8. Xt i« th<?! rule tbat *t^€ pedpty .'s^'ilnst wbo« tho 
Mttlon 1» #.lT#et«-^, is «fitS1^1»>'^ tiQ tfee ¥<!?n*fit tsf all the »vl-i«i.ne« 
in hie fftver 1» it« msi»t favorafel* atap-feel* t>o him, -yal of all ura- 
»«ss|»ti$ne thMt mskf ls« y«sa,9-9nst.l3r ^raws frea eg an ovi.'^^noo," Yo8g 
▼. Jasa* ^^^ lli.» 41^'. 419. /ill aontra^^letory (tvl.4e«ee or #x- 
islanfttory ciroimatmfte** must 'ba rtjfteted. JMS ^* l±S5A-JiJia£S » 

t^ 111. ^p., 102, 107. 

In our vie^ thfiH**! sffir-^ ■%% least fott^ Ksaterlal l«i8w#« 
of f'.'feot isfbich ?te©al4 hiaYo 'boerj snabialtiKd t& Ute juryj ifirst, 
*h««thQr the ^ilaintiff "^ft* «» lijiioefrrji fjuj-o)'-'?!*^ of th« r;ote; 
ooooBl, whstl^or tli« not ft «a» e'btainefi by arable! afcl throuf^ fr^.as'.; 
tIdLrd, ind«pende»tiy of ttee qa(?«tioB of fr^ud, w]a«tb«r it wao tbo 
Intention of tbo dof«ii-'l»st!$ «n4 tho plaintiff th.%t .th«^ eauount of 
tfe« plaintiff *8 ©98S!Kl©»ion, '48 agr««d on in r*gajri to th« flr»t 
contract in '^>>ie>5. tfeo 9'u,^o^a»« ^ric« of ttee ipsreperty was tl3,?50, 
ofe^ttl*?, 1?e also the nmotmt of tk$ plaintiff's eom:-if>®lo» as to tho 
•teon'i ©ontrftei, in ■srtoloi-j the ptjyehiuBe ^riot ©f the ^srop^rty wa* 
#13, SCO I fotsrih, a,a«'iS5iBr, tt>at th# n.ete *&• yailA, wag tt gliron on 
an ftttresffiont that it '^as not to ^^ psitd anl*ss tmd until th« t!o» 



k9S^U:mi^p. ^%-^' 









6 •=:?-. 






f«tilfict« r«e«lv«^i $12,700 frott a. purettatcr QrsMelaki «eal(^ 
proctir*? 

Ootmeol Tor t>?e ?jlal»tiff contim'' tli«t on the <rrl» 

dffuo* It 3S»y be sal''. i»« a «&tt«r eJ' law, tbat «*lthoug' the not« 
*a« a iewand rota It wag not ^MTot"A««<? mt anr««%9on*bl<s ti»« 
•ft«r lt« i*'s«o'?tl«»a \>7 tfe« pl»lnttff, juji t>>at t*:«reff>r« th© 
|)l»lntlff WAS an Imao^tnt ptirc^*f«Jr of thu imoti*. 

*■« 4ft net thinlc that It m«^ *&<? w.-il!!, ^9 a »a.tt«r »J* 
laar, that t.h<j olalntlft* »«8 «« lnnoe*»nt p-arohs-a^r. ?]h» <1«t'?:rr.insfc» 
tiijn of tb»t i«««tl«» "»©»• Ktjt i«^«ml eolftly on tho fju^vtioo 
^h«th«r t>!«»re was »n ursr«»a«isa'b' t? d«laky i« t^r^ nffg^utiattoB of ihe 
fiot« 'by OrsbieleJsi, i^tboui^h 1« i$ojii« olrciiStistsuiGOO the qu^ntlon 
of imr«!(teon^'bl6 ^eluy in n^getl^tim^s a d<»^«fi!i noto »ti%f bo « ^Ixod 
qa«etl©G of f;ict .^m.S law which shoiil'-?. te® suismittefi to s^ .fury, j^ 
r» j^ata^^ of i-'^ijlo^^,^, 16© Iowa, 5SS, S8?, 5ScJ. 1m th«» <^460 at 
"bar th« q«'5«ti©n wheth#y there 'is'&o au unreasonable .i«Xay in aogo-> 
tiatia^ t»>e noio should fe« csBolaerodi l» conseotiota wlt>) i*ll of 
th® other ©Tldwneo In th^ oa»o, 

Jacts wMoh aro rel^s^iUit ob th* ftu«^»tlott wh«thi?r the 
plaintiff ^S6,« an tftnoe*nt tmrehftoor or* «.« fsllewg: Th« Sate of 
tH« Ti;st« i»»0 .Tiin# 7, 1<»93, s««! It wit,» iiayatil^ <sn ^usaoid, tlio 
platntlff |»tiroh«oM th# noto Albout levo^jTs^r 1», i«'*3, '?h« 75'. aln- 
tlff l»sirB»d -wl^fit the Rffte Wat glvon for al$otit thri»<» or four 
iRontho lifter fei^ ^'ar«ha««<1 It, nn^ <!t'fe««t t>iat tlae fe* stssk*^ 
firz'blolskl io collect It fer him, 'fh« uctien o« tho not* wa« 
h^nxm ?»ly as, 1934. :Ei3itvu®Jis bis fer©th®r, ihrmk inr^zinaki, who 
w»« ^r»"bl«lokl'» aBd ^08a«En««fc^'e atiomey, th« plaintiff r«t*'no<! 
skitonseyi to lirieg tlio stctloji on th« noto. 

CottRfeei for t>:« pi&intlff oooton'j thai thofo !• no 
•▼i4*oeo that Srsblelakl wa» irttiity of fraad iti obtaining tho n«io, 
o»^ that thortfore thistrs w&o no question of fact to aabeit to the 



M»«S -«»»* 






Jury In thlu restjfict. 

In ©ur opinion t)-9 evl.in'.ce is of e>«o>. aharactsr that 
rasawonaiil?^ umn algl't dlffBr on tb« Qw^stlon aa t« trbffthtjr Grsbi«l- 
akl vrm» guilty of I'raiad. Thc^re arf> S*i.ota i»Eti ulro iAsfc^uoat Troa 
vhieh r«aacna.l>l7 it sdi$ki ib« lAf<%rra<! thi^i Urjebidlakl *« prlnaipal 
otojeei la osd^ia^ at the r.oms oi the daf stKt^aftta w<«s to olitatn 
fr&u-.lulc«tly thii K«t5e in ?iU«»ttoB frvm tha 4«iVfc>|j4Dtii. t* s tantfia* 
ptttcd afiianea »ho«8 t&at arzlbieiajsl Mi net 4-29l«.ln to tha defand- 
ant«, who ttppakrently ware not well ▼«rai>i is bualfu^ea jtatlcra, that 
they war* sl^lfift a jutJ^«rit »ctt« payabl* ofi rti?jR«nad; tfeat i*r»\.ls»X8kl 
aiui«ca0»arily ?iertuad«d tfce fi«f ©Ji.'^aaPta t« aign t):i'j Bot« at Klfc-ht 
withottt waiting until tfee aext ^?fey te ^.6 to th« brink; that '^rist^ial- 
ikl tol>;s tht.'. ■'i«tm<-^»^ts tbst >\€ hJic? a pureb4*«ur for their jsro|K*Tty 
o«for© tb« .a«f#«idanta fegui stated %h« fjries tJ' th» proprarty; that 
altfeoMgb SrsMti&ki a.-iifl he had a |»«refc.aR«}r, lift ija»«3ria!t hlo o'wn 
n««e in th* first eontP^et aa p^arehassr; that {Jratiifilsfiki -id not 
l»ro--tuo€ a |nirch»a«r until abowt tHr«« iree'ka sa"t-':'r th® n-ol^ ^?«^» 
«tgR«9.4, ^m'x that |»ttr«V4ae«r w&a not. »bl?^ to pf^rforw Ui^ njerjiraett. 

*««• the r#*«?o«*3» fflt«t«d th« jxtitipi««t of th« trial ^ourt 
ia reT«raa4 and Uta aauaa r«93»siid«4« 



;•■,- >,#«,J«f^ x<t^ rf-t y^ jtt^ ^^ «|^ ff^ 



^'i 



179 • 36440 



«• -u 3. i.t?!vn[o * 20., 

vs. 



01 rmxciao. 



m^umt, ) 241 I. A. 619 



MS. jP!rsTiaB iQm&ms m%.irmm f« &mim gj- mis oou?.!. 

tM@ i« «Ui Hotion ia the l^uBicifai ectus't oi Chicane, 
t>rsut*iii* \ff B, S, i,«^1.t<, '1«l«ig tj«»iii«»« a« a, a. JLttfiTwin & CMt|»t»&y, 
th* plaintiff, *tcfi*Aii9t VftlefitiB« 6«la«B, the ^Mf^&^fut, to r«e©v«f 

lai© all»K»'^ to ^e !u«* t!S t1^« pl^lRttff 4J5 ooeust® stein's for the? •&!« 
©1" property ©nffce^ fey tJs* jS'Sf«»«?tisu3t, 

f^ftrs h5?iT« fef^^is tVQ triiils ®J' feh© ejuat, h'ss.qJi tr.l«jl !*«• 
f»r« a Itiry, ©n ti-* fl5*at trtaa tbt $nrj fmmd in fa^or cf tl4« ^«*- 
f«n:-'ant, 0» ffi-ottcn ©f t>v<» flsitBtl'ff ih« ©«apt gfimt^l- a n«w trial, 
Ob th? sKstsrm-? trial tfe« jary fo«n>1 In f?*i»"0r «r %h« ulalntiff an4 
aa3«s»«<! th» 4«s5;*ge» at |S10, 2;>i« e^tiyt «fit«»r«Hl |»/*i»»rit ©b t,h« 
fin 'tag. Fro® thl» ^S'ltvBf^nt this 4«4*6«d«yijt b.se pi-f^aeotjtg-ia thl« G.pt^*?al, 

Brleflv is^ataa tht pertii3«iat r^»ot» isopf* »n fellowp; 'ni* 
plsiiatiff *'!fe« a r««a. rotate feroker with ©frie«« tsa tb» city of Cbiss^go 
ffe« i«r@e-tj&nt flTs»M ?»ret>«yty whiah b« dsair«d to b®!!. ■?>,:« ^?i!8inaff 
«««4 th« deJ'»EiS&Eit e3at©.r«4 int® a wrifetsm ©outraist ©» ffeajreTri 17, 1923, 
in y^Xeh thm $etmnAmit gaiva th« t^laintiff tb<9 exeltt»ive rir>.t to «ell 
lits •^T(^^ttf wlthia »iB«ty Say* fires: th«s dat« ef t.h« contract. Ae- 
«©r<!l«4 t« %h.m t«rrg.s ©f tfe<» e«ntraet %k^e i^ria* ef th« prroptrty w«.« 
|g7,00Q, an4 tb* ae-^alaislftas of fefea f».la.iBtlff i»«»r« to fe» ©stimattd 
©n th® etsstoajayy r^%» flx«4 Kv th«i (aiicagt* B«al Ist^tft Bdaxi. Tfc« 
r%te #&« thF«© laer ei>r,t. . sf tl2« ©©I'llRg tfrl^. Tlie ^>li.lntlff 9r5- 
cwr«^ «^ icst»roKas«r ^Ithiit ainisty -!»jr« wh» wst* r©»^y, ^in.ljs« soa abl« 
t© bwy the piPts|»«rty ©f tbe fl«»fett^*nt. Ir ■Sraftlwg the eeutract giving 



•^ /\ T-r 



9 A. 



tl»« ]ilaintlff thff «xalU9ly« ri«bt to »«?li th« jrop^rty of th« 
vlefe^viAiit ft prlnt9i fors; ntxv u3«d, la thi* font blank vptttt** 

«p« left f©r th* (nsoiounte of <;h^ «£*•!» p^ym^nt %n' th« •^lUng 
f»rte<» to bft iiJii«rted In wrl*-lnf?, I» thP cf>nlToat In ?.Yi'?<Mict 
bftth df t.b* blsrtk .n> ■&©<♦«? hytvf. >««« flll«d out in ink, th« ajKonnt 
»f the Q^nP psiy»«mt wlilsh tfc« d^fwi^lsajt was to r«c«iy« b«iR|5 
|10,00<>, m*, tb« scteunt »$* t>>« ••l.llnt; prlo* 'b'^ing f2?,o-.c;, 

faet o»l>*, IsE whftthijr tfe« ais^uct ©r tl^s each :^ay»i.r;»fc tV,lc>- th« 
4«f«i'i<^«int T'Rs t© recfflTe isasi l]ftsc?t«'^. ir th« t-laiSji arp-scs ;Sr tht 
jurlnt*!?? for*?' oJ' the cGiitrj*.et fet th^« tl««: t.h^ <j«;fi.trs!.c'i '-fa* rxR* 
«a%ea, or whether tL* 8p*«« ^?&a Ifeft IftX^ysik: at th« time ©j" th« 
•x«icutios oJ' the «;e»[%:ract« »;n U*ls q-qiestlau the eYi-i«-Ko« ie 
♦#»fli«tl»«. the «!«f«i.id.srit testifie.^ that bofere tJ^^s eoritrsf-t 
»»• sigjQs^l h« Bt&ts's that fee *^u«t haif« aill ©J' hiB e^sh out,, 
tl3»800t* nnd that tb« !s?j?5,e« Ik th® sostr^ot i'er the aja^urit «>f 
tte« 9a»b l»a,?»«?iot w?i« isft tjXa»3f -^mn *\« wi^/.iie?? t>j« -eoiatr«*ot, /aj 
«?sraloy«e ©f the plaintiff t^ratiri^?! «i%t hw pr«»ar.*-l th» eoe- 
triact, 9»fl that |10,f;CM3, th» sffiso^st af th« a'-^ah :^s»^i»#ivt, i?a« 
iBRftrtffi^ in th« e»fetrsu>t l»y hUs is Ink "b^^fo^-* %h» !ittf©R'«,B»t 
•igfiff-l ttm ^atrftet, AB^t**.*?? «ss|»l©3r#» #f feiin? I^laiatirr t«mtlfied 
th*t he wft« ;^r«»a^ni whwi «,h« tf^wtraet waji slgaea fe;^ the ^-af'^waaal;, 
fta4 that tht «isewit #10,OiH> ^fi» la th« coKtyaot ^n'imn tfc» .i®f«Mi.'3aE% 
sll^a^d -1^9 eontr^iot. 

the Jury •'fSJ'e JUsstruetd.l 1>y tlii^ oaiirt syesiri sally 
tli»t If th#y 'bftXis*»d frais a prepaBifeirsEca »f tfca «Tl4.enaa that 
ia»« defecdiMat r«fxi«^d to aea«pt th« »-'fer of a |lti,00i> c»&k pay- 
»««t, Vs«t agx-«'^<! t© «fili for & »>i«h pa^«et of #13,300, then tho 
4ntf 3^zt riEd for th» f!«l>n-:.a!-a. fh« Jfuxy w«re alao ifi3tr»ct«4 
^y thf eeurt t? seti'leally th'it 1/ they tsalle'ved fx-ja r^ 5rp^.>»,itr« 
mk9-n »f tfeft #^lt5««e« that at th? ^1»«^ ^r th^ signing of the <»ok- 






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i%,ic $.{5iUS» *V.^ Arn>4 iSiiHt 






V I /;^v |^:|i|*#^» . . $'«tf 



'-■■S0»ftfMf 



#^«.''.j.iaiffi» ^)^^:4'J 






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tract tne B,a*c« in ^vhlc>: th« SlO^ciG wfeta ^ri-'.t^r! ""jsb l*rx't blank s4i<i 

l^ftyBWt afc^ul-J 1»» ?i3,?>00, tbfc th« Jury maist i'l» '' lor t.b» 4«» 

"Wo 4o n«t. t^'.irtk that Xf\« vdj-dict os' fcho jury shoul^l 
%»« cUetar'fe*!^, fht> r»lf in *. faialllair on-o: t^«,t It Ib -^■.."n*' nr)<«elal 

aisct tht i9')f©'e«>'^illty er tispfobi^'-Mlt. ey ©r thi»lr isfstltsony; -tn-i that 
ft 5»OTt tjf -^s^vlo^- «»ili rsct Intc./i'er* rriti; ine v^r^Siirt ■ttBl««ff It 

C^/p.^/;^,Y '^^ S^l£» '-'^i Hi., 1"51, 14*3, 

x'or the y'-'j*«<.jrjt vj'».*t-t4 ihe j«-:^pi«i-it ie islfiraed. 



im t^ss-M •?■'■ 



li: 






186 . 3©44« 






^41 



o i'a. ■ 



T«, 



com? O? CHICAQQ, 



lining B«pln«»B aa Jfesohanical 



This ie ^1 «t«ti0fi li3 tii& ^xmiaiptsl ot^urt 01' 0)ilc«4i;« 

Isr-sttgbt fey JU«ssr«m«« k. H«i3r®t«, th« vuii^intii'f , ai^aiBtt 3<Ma^i»l fee- 
C*ll«i3 ,q«<3 Ch^rXes B, Sale, 4oin^ lit*al»e»8 »« M^aJus^tesl %««lnJ- 
ti«« M,^83r«f-^et«riai5 3fiatp«ny, upmm two oh««i:fe8, «js,e3h fcr the m^.m «f 

ISi'-vi. ffcfl «ta.t*»«MBt »f i5l.fti» 3«ll«g<*» that |5C l^ftS ^said on ftCCV^UUt 

ttf i1%® af>t«i tm% ''lo^a B©t all»c« %hm -Lata »f tb^ #®?!a«K!t, X© B#r- 
Gall*® fil*»?« an affi'tarlt ®f Kfsrifca Ir. w>;i!s>--, ass^n^;- eth.e'r ?>l«as, ifee 

«^ Mistiem of the |il%l»tl.ff tba- ©©ttrt Sitr\j<jk th« <S«* 

«?l«©ti^4 td i%a»d fey tls« (&n'l#«irit, Oa April i, 1#^S^, ttiw court »• 
t«rtd |tt<iKa«Bt aff*ii«»t MoC«aii8Tj ^a ef 4ftfm»Xt r^r #0!^) and ooats, 

iL9SS, witMn 50 days »fti»r mm miiTf ©f lite« Jt8<?g«R^t, the pl«l«tiff 
««d« » i^ttda that tfe« |«*^,gai«MBt 1»« 8»t aaldi.*, and thstt !««▼» b** 
granted t© the i^laifttiff te asj^nd fel« s}t&tem«nt oi* claim se tbat It 
wonii »fe©w tfe« .ilat« »B "B^tiett the ^^.fmtmt &f |50 w.as J2.;4de. thin court 
^t»l«-4 ttee »«;ti€Ji. On lay S, 1935, ^It^itR 30 dayo «ift«r tfee «at2Y ' 
9f tJi« la^^lipsert, the iJlalntlff m5i^«!» a cotton to set n&ii* th« Juidg. 
»<9at ««*! t« 4isKil«« tlie cftiise ^ritroBt pr«,1a-'ic«. Th« ootart *?«b1«4 
thm im%im&, fr^xa. ttots ©rdey of Ihn ©6«rt th« p^atistiri" \a,M proseeutM 



r 5>: 






'■U M ^■ 



iMH **l6t«rf ;; 



tfiKf «**«> • 



y» ar« 0i the opinlea tkat in fart^jeranc* of juBtie« 
the 0Ottrt sheuld huve aXlotved %ht plain&il'J*** JAOtian to >r,4^g-^t9 th« 

311, 312: Mia£*£ *. gflffif^r. 221 III., 4?9. 484, 

Uhis ©yd«r ol" th© trljtl ©©urt l» j-^-vwr^ad -i.dii'5 the «;au«« 

EEVISHSSD mi) hWk.MWfS), 



»Si«S«f tS* tlif «■ 






50S - W467 



'y/ 



CSKTRAL- RKA1.TY A IiiVSS7Va?liT CDT.-PAlvlf, ) 
a Corooratlon, ) 

Appellant, 

PATRICK W, BARHKTT, TlitOrrfY a. 
JBARKKtT, niOtAS ?, BAKIiSTT and 
jAkiilG J. BiU^HKXX, 

ApP'5lli»'f»8. 



/■ 



i "eA, 619 

OV COCK COWTY. 



u\, JUiiXics JOfiiiaxoM D^iViiiusX) iHs GJ^iiaoii OF THi uomvr. 

Thie ie ars action l>y th© C«iJi:jtr.^l K*aalty ^i. Iriv<f.8tu«Kt 
Coiap-»iiy, M cor'jo ration, the plaintiff, agai»8t i^ivtrick ^-^ , I'-arrwtt, 
Tiaiethy A, Barrott, T'-otisaB F, Barrstt ami JaniBfi J, Barrett, tho 
def«n.^art», to r«eoTer cowrilswlons »s «g»Kt for th#» r!««f «?n ''antB In 
a Katt*>r ccnc«rning an alT'^ge'l «xehW5£p of -orop?srti'!^9 Ijf't'Vfflets the 
73«nal<fBonYill«> >ir)i Aishbum Oil Mills ^mA t}^.p Ir^fendants. 

D'tp cans* was tri<?d >.>«fcr» the c«-!wrt without a jiiry» 
Th« ooux't ff?«n-1 In favor of thp dtff pn iajnta fyi<^. ^^^ntt^r*;! ju 't-jficsnt 
on th« fin-'ing, Frcsi the ^U'ieiEierit th<? plaintiff hae p:rosecuted 
this arjp'sal, 

Tho tcatlsony ia «?ni!s«what lengthy, 1;ut in thf» yl«w -se 
take of th«s cs»e it will 1)« neca^sary to state only the following 
facta: The d«f!»ndar;t» were tJi*? oim«r« of propsrty in Crica^o Icr.own 
tfea BorehestcT Apartiaeait hot«l, an-? the plaintiffs ^.-fTe i,i:e o«»Ker« 
of property in th*!- utate of 5eon?la known as the Be<t Pebble fara. 
T>irough tb« efforts of smj «Maploy«»« of tV-<v ;>laintiff, Jr^-A Sllictt, 
thaee parti e««W)t!? red into negotiations ''?ith <5ac5'! othf^r in rcvard 
to th» axclianp*? of their pro^«rtl*«. On the trial it was '^g^e<»d 
b#twft«» th<!s plslntUT sn 1 th<» !!«r«iTl,ar,tB ♦.hnt if the? pla ■'ntifj' *a0 
entltlsi* t© r«eo-ver, plaintiff's cosii-l t^nioo shoulrl br- «tstirc'At<»d at 
$19,000, F©r ri, tlKi** th<9 n'fflotiattona b<»tw9<»n V-.e! plairti ff >jni the 
Donftl^soRville xn^ A«hb«m Oil i^illa w«r« cen^netei by o«rr»8non^enQ«. 






( ,yviA' 



. )*•-■» -6 { ;■- ;<r-i' 



, * jrttAI .W il»Jht#it« fs«lj$« .tuitai 
tfi*a:;)f-ut htt^in-:- ,f Aft «*&: 



Th« iniportaoit faot that shoulfl be euphaolaed luring this period of 

the neiiotiatione 1» that the iitil'*iu Uiuit w«?re not willing tc ; ake 

ail exchange of Drooertiee unleeu th«y coul'i ol-talfi ^Ico.CkC cash 

in the tranBAction, When "Elliott first aientlonftd thf matter of the 

exo^arif*^ tp the iefi?n 'rixits, i'atriek ■?, Barrett, apfvaklng for the 

defen-^av.te, aeke*^. Slllott if the farir; of t>;e Donal^fl'-nville 'm^ 

Aehhtim Oil Mllle had "iny lo^i vrau*," raiiott r«jj)li«^ ;>''at he 

tho'ight it had, but -tld not knew ho* much; that h'j couli :lnd out, 

Barrett nai?^, *I '«fisV, you v»oj1 :'. 1 in i out beoavae if it huB not any 

loan value we woul-? not be interested,* AJ"te?r fiiiln(-_ to sifc-ree on 

the tersiB of the exchaijf;® !*.uriiig the ne^otiatlonB by corrospondence, 

Patrick '.J, Barrett, Jais-38 J, Larrctt ani Sliitstt vent to tr(f'or{,:ia to 

negotiate further, Bel ore they left Qiiougo, P's.trici/. ■«, ii»»rrett 

rfifus»i1 to i;q to Georgia until he had soKie <lefi?utft prof.>o3lt.ion in 

r©g!ir<! to the tBrr.>8 of the proponed oxehang©, IdXiiott then v/rote a 

lett«r ad-iresae^! to the deVmi'^mita, m which hn Hi^iTQei, on bar^alf 

of the plaintiff, to pay tVie exprar-sieB oJ" th<? two ."Sef eri^axit?i to 

Gftergi*, Ani in «<hich h« mM« the falio^rinc?: etai:«i6ent»: 

"The o«norB <^>' th/^ iied Pebble ^^nuna stre to h?» ablf*, r«B,^dy 
isuii vnilnr to pay you ^lOtO.Orr ir leoney an', a, oortton of the 
Re<* Pebhl« ol^ar of enciiabranee, or a If^rger oortlon of tho 
Red Pel:>ae fnr», embjoct to 1100,000 mortnfti:^. fh** gbove of- 
fer ia aaade to fniarant^e you ajrainst saakini? a uael'i^sa trl^ to 
Seergla, «J3.^ is in li*'ti of a signts* eontraot i^:?>c?uiRo '•^e be- 
ll*ve that you o«a taaJce a b^^tter 4©al by being abl^ to openly 
negotiate with them nft^r inRo^ctin/; th!».tr -p rrJo'-rrty, " 

In th«» negotlsfctions in afson^ia th« lefwi'^rts «tni 
insint*^-' on terms "vhioh ?roul ! ^iv^ thoia 1100,000 saah. Th*- of- 
slaials cf th*» ■DoBfisidaenvilie twi 1 Aahbum Oil Mills ^ere un- 
williijg to mortgags the ^ara to raise the :|10r?,OCO, 'is the yarm 
was already heavily anouaboredl; but thsy siigfieeter^ that the de- 
fendants coul-1 obtain the $100,OCiO through a loan froa; the 
Citissens and Southern Bank of Atlanta, "as the Bmik ani the i'ills 
were tVie sas;© »5popl«,» Th^ negotiations finaily resulted in the 



^n» j Oil atn»4 tts< , ^'Txua 






• l^lnp' of « written contract by t>?« -isfer.'lfuite? an ^ th« Donaldson- 

vlll© %n ' ABb'burn Oil Kills for th<» iixcViango of t'-.olr pTop«rti*s, 

At the tin:© that th<? contract was alined a written coj.'uTiimi cation 

Was ad ir-»8 5«d to the deren-iant* by S, "I, BsiTjica, a atockhslder and 

director in the Donald»onville ni.d Ashburn Oil itillea, and also 

vice-president onl executive BiJtncifjer oJ' the Citizen© jsTid Southftrn 

E&nK oi' AtlJWita, in which Baiiks stated that the Citisffie and 

Southern isanJc ol' Atlarita "will eee that you are uiude a loy'n ol" 

One Hun-ijred Thousand Dollars ($1C}0,OOC) on the lar,.^ to b«' conveyed 

to you by oatd Oil kllla," 'Thf. contract, ■*'hidl was proEired by 

Arthur 3. Buasey, th»? T»r<^si1ent oV the Oonaldsonville and A«hburn 

Oil feillB, »r^ alRn th« attorney for the Kills, sets forth in '^e- 

tall an-'r ft l'»r.pth thft tfrrae of th-^ prr-.t>o««!d exoharige of proper- 

tl*", fY-f^ cnntrKict eortain*"'? no pir'ort f^ion , h?v6v<»r , In rfigar-'l to 

the $100,0CO that the d»»f «?n'!ant» '?*»8ir».1 to obtain. BeroJ-e the 

contract "yji*? ^l^iiiftd by thf> def ^ndt^nte » Patrick '^, Barrett ssld to 

Eu^fffty that th^ def ^ndqents 'fould not si-rrj the contract Wilif-ss a 

clau8« waB inefrtel in th*» contract that th? contract -^oyl'i not be 

bin.linfe: upon the def «5ridaiito until it was approved by John T, J^itr- 

gsrald, BTi attorney for the dsf sjnianto in Chicago. Bu^ia^y stuted 

that he had no obj<?ction to tht? M^.ttTi-ney far th ■ daf ©ndante '*^ut- 

ting the tersu^ of the oontraot, as agref^d. upon, in a:.y forr;. that 

he mlfht deBlr©,* but that h», Busoey, *wi»hsd to know w^iether or 

not* the Bonaldacnvllle (Wid Ashfcum liill»? *hii& a itefSriite and 

satinfactory contract" with th« defsKdarits "as to terms;* that 

Patrick ^. Barrett ^a!'^ that "the terir.c of tr'<i contract w«re agr«»e- 

able and aatlafaetory to* the def ■?n-'ants, 

Th« folios-i.nji paragraph, -M>}^ s-ss drafted hy Buasey, 

was then aided t© t^e eontraot: 

"The Barretts have executed t^in contract Biihj«et to the 
aj^rovftl thereof by Kr. John T. Fitrg»rald, Attomev at Law, 
Chicago. 111., as to lt» legality >md form, and th^ir ri,^ht to 



hav« b fcore dpl'inlta aM blr; Ung contract ox«o><t(»d Vn»tweori t>)« 
parties t uc» Injj; thtt mjittPr abov« reJ'prred Co, in th* eT«it h« 
det«riJ.ne8 that protection oi" their lntert»»t bo r«rjxiir*i." 

It 1» upiin tha oonotrjction ol this paragraph that 
th« question whether the contract fafi j'inal tm-'. ovianlfte i^p'>nf1«, 

BflX'ore t>ift contrael was sii^im!, :*2:/: 'Thlln ths* nego- 
tiation* T«.'«r« in ewe; a stJut** of uncert ti^ty that it Xnckp', as if 
the parties vould not a^ree on t'r<? tflifeb or t.h« cciitract, Patriclt 
?'. Barrett wari Xlllott hnd a fUsscusslMi In r^^gard to tb.n rHulri' 

in « »Tltt«n form as i'Mllowa: 

•Cftrjti-al K'^a.lty ikg^^noy '^Jf?'' J^o«m Uo., 
Chicago, III, 

Dear 51 r; 

Tftle l5 to esf^rtt'";,' t-hr?! if a deai is c-onsiiiiwftfited 
het-we^n us and the i^ltissna -iR-i Soutnf-in B;u-ik af Atlrr.ta, 
Cfeoi'gia, 0-'. 'Wi i?:<c«:-ii.'<g« of owr buiidlng itnowii «ts the 
Dorohacter Apartment Motel r*nn 50C-0 uoras inicr^ cr loss) 
oi' i-iiiJa in "Jai'juflr and ''^'lleox Uoimtl'ss, G^ortjia. That 
you are th^ only brolcsr T^^pv^n^r.ii'au ub nn^^ tbat ^f are 
''■ to pj*or you 3'cr your servieas t-he Siiin oi* ten ihoauand 

v«io, -..,) ■D.^'ll^ra eash -ifi;^ i?ofi((? la.jjd »quiti«?B which will 
be decided on at a l»<vter date. 

Yours truly, 
: iJaxrett iirok-. 

By ^,.„.,.^„.„ ,,.^ ...,. 

Tri^ a^JT^'T-ent r»r.ffl nst s^lKf^ff*'? fe;<t the ah«ence ol' 
Bigr,atur«8 is not a ^^a^^Ktipn In omitrov^^rsy, Patricit ^, Barrett 
and Jafiifts J, JB«trr«tt r^tume-^t tc Clhi«»^, Wh«n t>;<» contriaot was 
8;iV-mltt»a to ?it«^«ral-'l, the '*«J>n'»iir!t«' attorni'ty, .^'Itageralf? , 
refijeni* te ap^rovs tha oontraet aiid wrotw a lett«?r to '^. =■, 
B;^nJcB, in vixlQ'n hii state<1 rulijr hif! reasons for his refusal, 

3ttbseciu't>t to Fttjggerald's letter lanaucceRsful ef- 
forts were snie by ih^i partis* t^ ccat* to ttj agrees; ent; and the 
BenaJL-lennvllie uiA k&hMirn uii *ii.is Tfrst« a Intter t© Pitagersld 
in wrdc? they stated that "the breach of the contract" by the 
a«fen4ant« '*is nov acseptsd l)y us as a rescission of th« contract." 



tr 



eil^- a9»w.t«i/ J»»#ijO«3C# ^aai'Kimu nnJfeal^f fr«« «,?J;'i '■<'•>'• '^■^•-— ■' -•■• 
•.■■•/ *<»^ « ♦ ♦«l^ -OHM fti«H» 16» ««-5i* .f * J£^«*^ ■ i^ * «***i " 

Ii«i1ff«»airtsjs«wj ii ''i^*!^' «'"*1ii'' '*«t|^" 

XX'lw if$,i^\i m^iiiujit'^ »i>imi4L. 4a£io« ..tiiiMr. .,dfK» »«;?«. i.<f^. 

■'iVtMh ' tnSa I iR *iit no • 

tXXut^ •ti/pY 
•:■'.:.■ '^^ ,i©tS ^t^-x'tmt 

vif. 






It ift contendtf'l ty courjo«l lor tho ief^jr ia/.to that th« 
plain tifi" is not «»n titled to recover for thp refvson that, accord- 
ing to the* tcn.is oi' thff tH!!?"'*'^'^'"^'^* l3stre«^iri the plwilntiff on'-l the d«- 
f^n-iantB, th« pli^lntlfl' wan to rfict»ive aoffir;ipiBionB only "if «. f'wml 
i« con«Mitnimt«d IsfftWRen" th« d«l>)fi ^ante "^mH the Oitis^nis anfl 
'South«rn Bank of Atlanta;* an<? tVat th-^ 1»aX ^.iks r.»?v«r conauia/'a^tud. 

If ty-f* aKr««»tri<>nt aloiie ehoul ? b« caual I'^r^'l , alri.sw the 
exc*'!Sungo of properties 'betwseci tha def ;^ndJsiQt8 ar. 1 ths j-onaHann- 
vill« tiind ABhbijirn Oil Milia ^as a^ver olfesteri -ifii t.t;er<jfore:' tho 
deal Teas not in ftict eoiJeu^vt'ated , it iaay tis that the plaintiff 
■«Ottl-,'i liot te iatitl>9;j t-o rc-oo'vsr .-iriy coiajciw si oiie. Sut wher. th# 
.cireuastaiices in which the 5i£;r««m«»nt ffas mnd^ r*r« con-Kir} ©red, we 
thlni that on & j'air cor;atru«ti<>r. r.i" th: a{|;r«««®nt, the plaiKtlff 
«tii ^ the ief mi'Jarits usal the phrase "ir the a»>iai ia conadumsattftd" 
in T'^i'^ttitiQiii to t>i<» axeantlen of h. vuiid, ■bluilng coa6i*act r,i-«tween 
tb« -:^ef ondanta axi-i %ht* DoBai^Jaonviile aund AsTi^nrn Oil kills;. 

Tfcc •pri;3cip.ii2. ■ausatiC'.'J is th<»' c-ma--^ it* ''.vh«?th?r the con- 
tr^ict \f^tv«f^r. t>''« '5.el'ij.<:-';rjf;- ts *,sr.(*. tt?- T5cr.ali«r.n-»rtlip •-n'^ ARhhurn Oil 
Mills ■9ra8 aaO'*t>te'1 Try th? He-fan l/irita ss si. coiapliRt*!'-? contract. Other 
gu^^tioDK ar* fUaeu8g-«'1 in thf 'brit^fa of cc<urs»l, 'uut in th«^ viev 
^e tfitke of t>!e- prlreip?s^i mjer-'i-icr- , ii ^-11?- nrit l)« r;f:'.ce.»jflj,ur5- to 
conf«i<ier the other quiiatltme. 

Covir.Esei i<ir Ihe Ja.f -n^-^ants 3S-aiiitain th^at th*? ccntraot 
waa net a ooinpissfcijct oGjtitract; thi*t It ■wue a sonai tr-snaa. oontraot 
which T&8 not to h« flntil unlesf^ it ^ras approved by iF'ttst-s^ral-l , the 
sttgrKftv j&r vh?? ^ef crilssuatft, 

Cou«.a«l le-r the plaintiff oonten4« ^hat th«? contract wai 
a va.li% fciK-Usi^s sontraet; ti-at tha paragryiph 1/) r^-wp^'ct of ?Ua- 
gerai'i'e 'iosjoval "liaitc* th«- accv^e Qi' I'r, Fltagsrivl''. '« approval 
tfi -»form aiJl 1 egal i ty ' >iui i to th? muittera «aibraeed within the con- 
tract;" that Fltageral! was autrorixed to change the for* of the 















itttv a 



contract, "but a» not *».Tjt) orl««d to o>"«itnf» or r«j(ot th« t«rf'i« 
»ii?ecl)"leri lii thr> contract; Uiat Fltagerall 41? not Heaoprora ol* 
th<! form or tlie legality oi" th? ccfntraot laut o"bJ«otB ' mainly to 
the contract ItiOAuae it di' not contain a proviBlon by whlci'; the 
d«fonfl«uate would obtain #100,000 on the exchiwu^e of the prcp«*rti««. 
In e-apport oi' thmir con tent tone, couns<?l ior the plaiiitiiT eite« 
the following autioritiftss ^.tw^^^rg v. lifiVyLUS^. H'^ ^■'« Y. :^09: 
Hq.^ ti.it, '.-;, !'- V, m.llrij, . 3 App««,l U»8e8, 11.^4; ^gwle v. .^resEia£» ^ 
Ve»e v- 351; E^^ v. Hiill . lt>5 HI. 95, 

Irj our opinion tht csontract wa» not acoept«'d "by the 
^flfenrlaiita \fi a ooapletifd oontrmet, w<!» think that it was a oonU- 
tlonal contraet, !ie»«w^«3t wrjon the approval in ;ioo4 faith ^m^ In a 
r«%9onabl*< tiae of th« Aef^ridjMits' stfcortie^f, .PitagRrfiX/!; and that 
&lR<30 ^itEg«rfii3.d dlsspft-Ttsvf?'^; o^" tiifsi tontruet , ai-;-.^ ain«e neither the 
quftstien ol* i;ecd i'"&ith nor tlt^,tx is r.'iisH©'! hy thi* ?>l.n.lKtl t'f , th«i 
contract cUd not 1>«»ook5# «fJ>ctiv«, W« fcav? r<?ach«!-i thi« conclusioii 
frost rt c-«}n<«l.<*.©ratloii ei" th*' contract *iXo««j, i«d®p*»i4«i'jtly of the 
bftekgroMft'l ©)■ the cGntr^ict. Ik the paragisi.ii wtieh w&» a:i'*.od to 
the contract, and which pj-pvi^Jed ft.r th?- 8.pproval of th? contract 
by tVi*s defaiidants* attorney, #it«gt?»ral'l, th© Jipproval of i^'itsgerald 
was not liii.itini to fefc« liU^aviesa -«ji:iiy of ths legality ^*n4 forna of 
the contrsiet. Aft«?r stating that th» contract should be aybjf?et 
to the approvShL of -aitzgeraid aig to ita "legality said forns,* th« 
paragra^Tj gsive ttie iaf^ivAantfi th<« further rl;v;ht "to hare a more 
defir<it»* aail binding oontract «xeout«d b«twe«in thf? partiea touching 
th« «att«r ah©v« r^i'-ytr^*^ to, in the ♦nrei>t he fj'itagftralO ('•«!'t»»nain«B 
thmt 'prnt^etlon of th'flr intcT'f^Bt so if-BCii^irRB," If th«» oontraet wae 
int«MH^3 to "te Btiln?iit te*) to S'itag^ral-^ for hi» ^ipproYal an to it« 
l«gsfci,lty im^ form only, the olau»«» 's^.tch follo's-s th« words "legality 
an<l form* in th«? iparagraph n»T«r a' oul-! hftys< teen ad-'i»d. If V9 In- 
putt the intent to th« p^rti<?s te limit ?i tagarta ? ' » aiJoroYal of 



"'"<> iffliffitaS, .••^ almf i^^J^ ,«»«*a x«ii«r<8A'>; ,^..,:i^. ..^ ^.^. 

•at %^xJ^it»hm^l^t>ai'^^il^Sm^:- 
t» finest iiito ''^lli«ii»l' *j«tl '' itl^' ^^ 
^«t«(t(« »^ t^i^SiCo ttmriam #j# At: 



tii- ij&'sf'.j'scvw-s « ' i ii^'sc-^tj' in. .fis;:. 



j:c cmu ot j.taJAi ;3/: 



tl-e coa tract to legality ar.i I'ori* only, th<»ji the InHertion of the 

clau8« ipim«(^iat<fly I'ollawlni; tb.« word* *lrgHllt.y iri 1 torm* awrely 

•«rv«i to oljecure an:! confiiae such Inteiit oJ' th« parties; 'uid it 

er<Ser that ths clauae should b%v(» »uch Iraputed mesu-ilru:, r.he clau»« 

wetilcl have to b« construei a» c-'prftsplnfi in dlffftrent phraaeoloKy 

th«» ntmf> ilea as thw pr«o<»dinj.', cl'^s*, nasKsXy, thnt i'itBg«ral-i 'b 

•ijtirovi^ eyt^n^ftfl rrnly to tViP *'lfl(-'\ll ty im? foi«'' oi" thf- «OKtract, 

In oth'-r vor^tn, aft«r th« rnira^ranh had provl;i«'» in t(^ri::e in one 

cl^nae that tbe» contraet wae to bf 9r)"bs>.ittr''3 to >itzgeral'^ for hie 

ftpnrpval an to "legality ^m-' forrc,* ws r)U8t ascuRS'^ that the para- 

gra|»h unn«cc0sarlly rep«^nt.''-"t' th? tsas!^ i^ee In .;\notbrr claijij!« i;?-,- 

aediately I'olloving th« first clmiae. But In our opinion the 

lan^j-aag© oi' tb*' ijaragraph r«asona"tJiy vill not ivii^it oi* mxcr. an 

interpretatton. In our viev this oltms© foiiowittg, the ^fortlt 

''legality ani I'orm** was intefidel to oanler eui;.«-t;«r;ti.-4lly ■lifffrpnt 

Slid fero^iSer powers ©ji i'itsgers&id. Accorvilnj.; to that olause iltz- 

geral4 huA the right to Eiake "a iaor© delMrjtt^ and hiiidiBK contract' 

in ree&ri to th* Ejatter oontain«?4 lu the oontract ass {Irstft^ii, in 

th?> evsBt thrit hp should -laterffiin*! that this vms required in or^er 

t© ^reteet th* int*'re«t tsf ths -iftfen'^tw-.ta. ih« clause* U'-i not rjro- 

Yi-lt that l*'it2g«rald Kiight mak«s «mly th#« tmrtlanlor contract as 

•Iraftftd iBor« deflriit* nn-i hlr-^'inipr. It ©rovi ''.".l g/^fuTglly that he 

BSlght wakft "» sior» '^ i^f 1 >-! 1 1 « ar^l fcin'iing csoJ^traot." 'Xh^ only r<»- 

Btrlctions on >'it«g«!ir&l'3*8 po-w^r war® that such a cr>ntrjiot should 

be llBsitei to tho "matter viheve r<»f ^rrisd to, *♦ tb'it Is, th(» mattur 

in the ecntract as lirni't^-^ , ?*rid sho^iln be miA9 W Ix) his UBcr^tlon 
such 
/» eontraet whs ueotjaaar:^ i'or th« protection oJ* th*^ i;;t<-*r?st of ths 

asfsiidsiits, We rio not tliHk that ir i'ltagerjad vintenrdned that 

ths protsetion ot ths i»ter««t os' tbi? :2el*enda«ts required *a mors 

dei'ifiite Wid biriding oontraot," hs was restricted, in tht* prepwra - 

tloR ©r such contract, nmr^ly to oharir.in*; the forra or phraseology 



x£»vm.*is'mt turn x^M^iu^i^ Mmvw 9m »«4w0j:f(?it; xi9^»i-j)9mtjt ee/i^xa 

Bint ««t MJit^a*^*! Hkt ht>$tlmfm f^if 0* is«r Ji>*it*n<>e »■' 

. ■ :tf#.-t»«tM<M3i gi»X«*«»lvri#4| •|i^ -l^iiK^ «*•« ir4»i«! ftX«Tfta«^*''i #«r*V 

rioua 



of th«» contract hb -Iraftec^. I^i cur nnlolon Vi« vs« aut' orlsBWrt to 
>*lt«r materially th^ contract f<9 ''ra.ft^'1, an^ «»"r«n to rflrot 'pm- 
Tlfslcnn of t>;at contract, provi-le^ that h* t^ib of the optr.l*n: in 
goo'? faith that tV.fi prot««t.1on of tJ-« intffrijst of tV'? 'flf'»mints po 
r««)ulri»'!!. If In >«l8 ooinloD the intffir^st oT th»» i«>fwiiart« ccul4 
not b« uroteot«4 iseroly by changing the i'on;i aii-i phriBeology of the 
contract a» draftftd, he haf; th<? rii:}it to as-iice oh'irjjjisB of Bub^trjaoe 
in the contract. 

Blnee ha va,8 th« finsil arbiter, the '>u^8tiono T-heth«r 
hi» iccisicn in rejjCJird to thf? n«!oes'jity of a xsore ief ir.lt« anrt 
binding contract was oorreet or ineorreot, or r«a»anabl© or nnreaaon* 
nbl©, ar® not involvft^S, provided that in reacring >iiil d^clalon he 
wa» actuated by ht, hononst purpoaR to protect th© int<5rf;''Bt oi' the 
def«ndsint8, ^d hl« Konftaty of pturrtQse 1^ not qurastinrmd by the 
pl-jlntiff. In this sit'iation ve f?o not tvink that the Kiia-lB of the 
Tf»artie« hft/1 ^»t in regar<* to th? twrc.a of V' ^ eQntrr5.ot 'as :iraft«(1. 
In our opinion th(? contract, na ^rafte-'^, ^rits a con'?itl"iriial ooKtract 
only, Bubj*ct to asaterlal ju-i'l ^ii'batnr.tlRl chang-?* wVlch '•'itsgerald 
might make, Jin-^ '^bioh al|.-ht neeessltat^ fntVAnr n9^ot\t^tioii» by the 
]p(Urtiee before a ?!ef U-ite flnKl cnntraet coijl ' b^ agrssd upon. 

In thi© vl»w It i« unn^eeKBary to tjem^l ■;!«?* the* rs-asonB 
that fltxgar'Ald gav^ for not approving the sontrsiot aei '■■(raft©;!, 
The controlling question Is the on"' that ■««<>) have deciiR-', r;aKf»ly, 
that 'by providiny that the contract as flrafted shotjl ! b<? flub.ifict to 
Jlt^Koralri 'b eioorovsl, t)'.'^ partite lid not accept thr^ contract &a 
Ax9Xt<^A as a finffel compl«t»!3 contract. 

It JK&y be stated, howsir^r, that Fltsegerald g-.»-T^ oth«r 
reason* for not annxf^lng th«> coKtract as -^raft©!!, tb»n the reason 
that th« oontraet ill not contain a provision in r«grard to the 
:|100,000 whlc>i th«» flef^H'lanta deairefl to obt-itn In the exoh«»ng« ef 
prop*rti'»e. 



»tir'A4'it^i^t^»t»%tl^- tern ■im^'^' ■'•^ Vt-yiijanaM fin^iftum nd ititi 



K...^- t>aiiK t. n A,' 



9 

Vft a,rc! 8tr«>ngt>ier«d in i'''«f con:5luaions we have 
re?»ched tn r^'snftct oi' the coiv' '. t loR.il naturn oi' Xiir^ contract »• 
dral'tcd, -^^^hen that oontract i» ooneiaercrl in coBJi«ction with the 
facts lea/iiiife' up to its wxecvitioti, A&d the ciroiiB.at{*noe« in i"! ich 
it w«6 siiir.f'^, 

Wf do not thinJjf that th?? cases citSf*- by oounn^l Jor 
th« pltilntin" Buppart hie conteiri.ioiii that uiiler the psiragraph 
T»hich ^as a:^-'^^ to tbi» oontraot as iraftefli, th«; oontract wr» »ub» 
j«ot to i'ltsigsral'^ *8 approval only a& to "^iPf^fillty arH Jona,'* 
■^>i© fncta in these ca»e» are materially diff^^'ront froCk th« f«act» 
in the ca»e at \:»f.r. In the case* of Sa j:i^etr a v, 'l^.p.ttl ttser ^ ^^ .3up3r< ^. 
an'l BotgsVt.gr v. Millpr^ gu?rn, the tst'Sie «>f th'i aontraet had. b^«n 
agre«d ut»on fully ?m-? ••'-i«f if Italy 'Jjy <joT'r*sp©n:*!'!?.no#, ly^i'' all that 
w*9 n«e««s.ary to 'bs*' ''on? «!■??..» to •s^'no-ij these t«r«,» Irf a fereawl. 
sontraot. In tb?», o^s® of ZSHlil '^^» ^yeflfea.n^^, 8u;^ra. th« partiwfi had 
agree-l on t>f.e t©r.ir^8 oT a oorlt.l*^■^ct in a. i?ritteB msaoo r?«i''?T;!a3, whiah 
w*« sent to ths solicitor of ou*: af iht partir»8 for the aolieitor 
to pr«par© a fori&iai contract. In th« case of Kail v. KrAli^ a^pjr ,iii^. 
the pftxti<?s, lifter ex/30utlng Ji writtoii ^entract eoEiplet*:! In Itwelf , 
verbally agreed tiiat a rior® i'orsiaJi eontraot afao-ui I be drawr; u^ and 
executed, 

Since we are of th« Gpiniofc that the dsfftridsvijito -■m'.'? Ihe 
Sonaldi»eKvlll«? sn'! A-sbbxirn Oil Mi lie ii i not syatsr into r* vai. id 
"bln.Ung contract, it follow* that the pl.>d«ti:'l is not eritttifi to 
r«»eover consilesiona. 

for the r'*aaonR stats*-^ the ,fu'^-!j53?*nt of t.h«? trial court 
la afflrme?!, 

K:»tehett, P. J., ?5!n4 KeS-urely, '?,, co'ecnr* 



h«if »»l»i»t^Ji*ri^V |'iii# ^>>^w»f':^ .r «f>^^" ^>« *B,,.. 
lit* 'i|fBriBtilflfe'''i^^ ^««<? ?v*>*Ta*i tii»^*f- 



30? - S0S69 







er COOK CCimTT. 



24i i 



[.Ao 6 



SEB, ^jsTics jr^Rfisfsjft mi.irmM's rm oFitncm of ms; aow?. 

I'er Injuries A3.1.e<5*%-4 t« bave l5««n cmisssfl "fey t>}0 K^-i^ltgenrre «f thm 
a«!j'«r..^atit In not kfrepiBg tJit st^lr^fw/*; cf a 1nJl-''lR.«f e'f<E<»d ty hlw 

SvTf r«ttjrK«« 6 ir#yd,j. ot in f%iif»r o^' tb« piatfttiff Ik ih<? stiis ©f 
fi^OOG, sm4 th^ Gowrt ©Rtered ju-Vf»««it ew feli« ver--:Uct. 'Frnp the 
jUfSf-^^rit the dftfefisrlan!; Ji.iiS fjr® a «»«'-;; t«4 tJ5« prr»!»r.;t^ tir>|s{»al, 

A3.X of the »»©l^iyaent« of «rror fef the- .<t«isf«n4smt r«» 
latfi) t«> waiter* ■wh.le>- t-sTis n©t part «*»" fch^ r«enrti unl^ee pr-*«Br>rv#^ 
fey a bill of except lonsaj s»i as th« b5u3,l of «xe«»s»t,lo»f. hft« l>ff«n 

J£at«jh«tt, F. J., f'iB'l l;elS«r«ly, J, , e^neiar* 



a ^AA i^^ 



^Li %$ I 



«■: 



316 - 30573 

IP. A. JaOKSCU CO., * Corpor«ktlo», ) <v 4 J. 1 ^/io ^ J -: 

ft CerpAiratiOR, } 



07 CNICACK). 



im. Jtruficx JOK^sKa dkliver?.!) •oir, opisiok o^ trk ccort. 

brougbt Yj ^. A, JiMjkaoo C<». , a yer^oratioa, the ii»l»liitiri\ »gi»in9t 
tl'» i'^ as: orated li«ftdy Koefln^^ w^mp^ny, r cor?>©rfttlon, th« ^v-tnivi^itt 
te jrfleovffr frsft the ^«f#tidaat » 'b£»l%ri«e ©f $f*gl,6X »ll«sfi;0(il to !»• 
dur' i-jr labor i^*^ JBat«rl®l furRiBh«<l Tsy tJh« plsvintifl tjf tte« dei>n.i- 
ant, tb» e®.»e waul tried feefort %hn eoart wifnout a jwry on mi 
ftgr«wd st.4t«»#©% »f fa©t«, fh« aourfc f^sjaff t)i« is>»u«ea agaiisftt th« 
?l<!»f«ts4aRt «n«S «M(e««a«tl th« al^ilati i*f'« itaisngds *t 1851, 6f., Fro» 
*>«« 5ti1#9i««t ©B thft tigx^iing tha .3«f«M;it!*n.t h»a i»ro»«ayt«!<t this ap- 

f*'* f>\&%M Isrleriy stEfetft-l ar<!r ^,s ial^o-s's: W, C, feisirtin, 
A«isii hu8ln«B3 «ie ^, C, feftrtln mn' Coaspiijiy, ♦'.asirci to /a»*k« i»ur- 
ch^s«e froiB th« plalKtIff oja cr*4lt, V.^n &¥?iBfe to fc.S(Xtin*e tWisatls- 
factery rating isua.i fi.n»Bcinl reapftnalblXitj', tk« pi&iatU'f .i?«fu»«d 
to mMten4 er«!iit fee MsrtSii 'sjol^es t^e AmTmidm&t -wowl.:? %lga th® 
r««!ui«Ul«B« far t>i« |E©0<fi vhich were to 1»« *lsliv«r«dl toy the plaiR- 
11 if to fc«tjrtin. "Sit d«f«xts»nt agreed to @lgy, the re^uiaitioae^ juad 
»« aasf-^tiBt wft« eie«ae4 «» tJs* beoku of the »iaiatiff l« th# ft»fis« of 
t>ie '!«f«i34»i5t. All of ti'.« 9ayja«nt« t© %h* Dtlaiatlff w»r« m»4« 1)7 
Ifcarti^, but the p»ym<?i£ita ««*« ere^^lt«d to tfe*?. aceoant of the (Se» 
f«n4«nt. At KO tl^« 414 tiie d«f«Bd«Rt aaJr« a»y |»«t.;«i;«jr.t8 to the 
IJl^iatiff, This ^ra«tlo« iSoatla««d uatil Aurll "S, 19S5, up U> 
'*1«S' tlB® Miartla 1Sr4 »i%4e furoVaeee a«®urtla^, to $1585,97, Jtn<1 
htt(? K,a4,e »a','K^Bt« seigregfttiag ^1090, On April ^, 1?>35, the 



n 



fi?«iJr. 



■^^S'C 



tjlftiBtirj* oo«B«d an siecotmt directly with W, C, l«»rtln Aiid Con- 

pariy, it ^lii b« observed that at thle t,lme th«rt "wuxe a b^lsfl©* 
'^\lO oii i.ii» iMi«o?iWt oJ tl;<? itfacdmnt «tt«ucttR^- to $S9'j,f!7 3*«r 
eno4» puroha««d hy Martin, Aft«>r %h« plaintiff nptfnA^ thtt »ccrcittiifc 
^Itto 9f. C. JKArtin SWR4 C©W5»ai;y, tk© plaintiff oharg«« aill good* 
*.?l^iclj ver<f orlored l&y Martin to that aoooxmt fm^ areflitflrf th» 
aee«\tBt witli all tfc« i^^yEiWstB XYmt iiartlo smit. Km iiov«ia(."bMr 7, 
ltS4.» tiv« i?agri»«at« ia»4i« Isy Murtln aft«r tint |»lftintlff ha*! oip<w.«d 
tbe stcibOiijrdt with w, u, Martlfi subHI CeE!ipr»ny, (aggrwf^to* |6C0 amd 
ehesso^ that th<i aceouBt w»« ©ir«r'9»i(3 '.a ih^ tumti'xnt of •|;'53i,49. 

'ffee e®nti*rstti®n ftf t.h»s -l^f^ni^aiiit i^ th^t all ©f tHiii 
19?»5j«<^t« 35h4« l>y ilsortlii, ls«th *h<(* n»7H»«r!tsi sia!i« b<»fore th* acef>ttKt 
was o9ff»«4 ^th '?• C, J&srtlB joad Cw«^any» isa3<.l tlss |»ay«9t»ntB m«^ii 
aft«r the ©psniiif of t>4»t «fc«0oaat,, ah«wl<5 Jiavft fcft^R' <a?t>|3li«!a 1^ 
tfee plAifitin' t© the a«eourit of th«» <!«f«nBdaKt, In onr oj^lnien tfe« 
]^aiyia«i}t« mad* to %h« p.laiatlff lay i-^artto ja*t©r % ct -.lalritiff 
^p«^^4 th«s stQttmint with W. C, its.rtln susd C««|>su\y iPere er«dit*«a 
prop-arly to tR« asjcouKt of ^, C, feartla sMJd <j0)Bp»isy» th«r« is no 
•▼lde»e« ©J' ajiy agx«air,«Bt 'e?»tw»*?E t)i« plss-lsatlff «b:5 th« i1«J.'«;R.'tna3t 
thnt sll the ps,yia«)ut« k«4« "by te«rti» a^o^jtl^ hm 3y<5dit«^ tc U*© 
aeiottfit <sf th*» <i#f«wd«at» fh©T« Is r»f> ©vli^-no^ of .•any ool- 
lueloo b©two«» th» ul«lstli*f an^ liartln, Cd%8is«l for the d[«fe.ada*t 
as&list&ln %h$t,t the wlalotlff tosul ao **righl t© '1l»r©gara, axlisitratrlly, 
a. «our»« of a«t4oB, wl^lch It hivS, itself Ineti *;«%•<! wf p«r«»ji»:if with 
th« ltn©-«»J«4g« of thw fSof end sari t, aii4 ftWgfly th« pmyawntw -sad** l;y 
M.^rtiB to sw'*^ otl*'«r aee©«n1 f>hn.n that ©f th© <?l«f«»Hsijr5t, si* tt liad 
>!«r«t«for« »isr«T}«a;" th(*t *wh^n th« »>lalntiff, j%rbitrarilT, wl.tho^t 
ttv« kn«wX»»4g« of th« ■lefsR'lw.rt »o4 wiDoiit c©tle« to tho ^ofer.dant 
o^^med a now Recount *ua oxter; io-i ax^.-iit to ^, C. Mttrtin «a4 «^ewpt» 
•4 payiaoats cl" mere than sufflciont to :il»o>4argo tl^o 1«f<^n4ant fr«a 
any it^isiilty «ti^taY«r, ttjo Hghtt of th« /<of*fn<i«nt if^r*? tm.ltistly 



W« '\9 net tttjr»* with the cflnt«fttlon« »f eounael lor the 
a«fena»ct« *• d© not thlnJe that tfce plaintiff w».|i «n'i«r a Iflfol 
*!l«ty to notify the Iwfwldnt tbat th« pletntiff y)7»4 ep«ntAd a •«n>'»i'at« 
aeoaijint with ^, C, *«rtln 8«.n^ Ccapany, *e Ar« iinH><lA to p«rcelve ho* 
•ttoh a <1wty e«nX5 arl«© In th* circtia8*t«B««», In aur oplniea th«r« 
ie no «vli«nc« froa «>dch It cc-ial ' 1>« infr»rr*'i that t>>« Dl«lntiff owo«i 
tii» i«fen{^«i5t any such duty. Aj>t>«»**«i^tly cfltmB*! )'©r th*» twfen'Jont 
Atf9xxwm t>;«t such a. duty wao oroat^d liy r<?a9»» of th« faot that 1b«* 
f-^ro tho opening of tho «op?krat«» notiowrtt, tit* pr^otiao oi' iJsO pluln- 
tifl* feai boean to apply tl?e paj»»ont« «^al« Hy wlaartin tv> t;h« aoaownt of 
tiio 4«ftania»t. But althottjjh sych a ;pT%etie« h,a4 «xi,«i.**l, it io«a not 
follow that jplaiatlfr wae vm-'.or a legal dntj %^ tmtii'y %ke 4«f«rv;iaat 
tbat tho plaintiff iiJii»i opeK«4 a ummtmtM aeocftjiit witb *''. Q, fc^'O'ttn -Aiftf! 
Cossps^r.?. th?>r« i* a© <»yt.1«Bce fr©ss wM^t- It «©uli te« l«f«r:re«f that 
tlso Plaintiff 'sFao prool«4«d fvenx «xtoe-*t«g cT»Ut aira«tly to ss-artin. 
Fnrt^arB»r«, tht d«f«rjli»it wsio Bot •l«p-*¥»i$ent -epoa the plaintiff ^loae 
for laf©rx'&ti#>B tn T«jittr<l to th'^ aotia^a of l^.'srttn. yrom th* fast 
t>i*t t>!« '^«f<?n4attit wae in t^ft nature of a ^swr^et^sr ft^r Martin, 
re»s»s&bly It «f©wld l»o pret?si«<l tb&t tfeo €«ftr?^aat *»»?!??, feorp in- 
fon»**4 at to k>"e ft»yts«ritB tb&t Mf<rtlR va* a&Hs^ ©ft tti« •5«f<snd.ii.Rt''« 
aeer.t»u with th« pl»l»tirf. 

W« r,»il to i»5rt*r*t-^<l w!?y tt?« <l*f«a*fS-afit app&reRtly mftdo 
ae offort t© ©istalts inforjoatioa In rsgar^ tfi ita ac«ouiut »itb the 
fl»iut:lff« partic-ulJiTly In vlaw si' tho f%rt t.hj*t xin^ «oooi«it ^aa 
kflpt for th« l>«Bsflt of S-irtin, In eur vl«w tjo l*?gal rijijhta of tha 
4«f»3fi.lant baTo ^««k ygnjnstly proju'^lcod fej t>i« »et» of tho plaif-stiff , 

Ie support of tfe«ir oontoi^tlono cotifioel for tho tSof««-:\(W3t 
ott« m^ foliowtiif ea»e»« tho Cblcaae fltle. & t ruat Uanji?«iaiy v. Tho 
Coaa tr a l Yrtj e t e&gto ^y . .lis U). . , 3tft, 45V{ l.»l»tjg^ v. gr iffon » l?3 
III. App, 551, B57. Wo do net tMnJi that the eaaeo «iro -tppHcafclo 



i>^m '' 



•»^# mv. 



#«^'t ««*. m&^" 



&'■ 



ti» iJ)« 5a«<» at "bur. III tVifit o(i«a of t^'f , ^^^V^^ M ^-X-^.^ii^?' .. ^ T^'i'- ,* ! 

(i^btcr has this rl^V^t tc !■-.»▼« hlu r>sfc>»<.iMb a?)pli««i. to th«i 'Vfflli-fe «« 
Tno >-Ur«oi«; fmri thftt if the proof «Vo>r that tha 1aM.«>y sji^lA n© 

fit. In c,i»« no thirj! party is ve^Su^itly proJ«;Uo«>«, In th« ej!i«« 

iTISXS* ^* "^^ hel.i th*i isftftjr a (*«yai«Ht haa ftjfic« l:«««n fiifiTill«»d , it 
s%an»t h^ ©*■• -arsgiSHa witr-^ut ibe Qoria>Mrit oi' the piirtiea, Ui th»t 
<5»**«« t^#yfit wasrt two a.e«ouiit» t?«.t <»3Kly ®»® «j«litt»r. 

^»r the r®a»e»8 iti-%ic».\iii ti<$i judgR^^Jut i& nffime>^t 



i^? 



=""•"• ^p^.... i 2 41 I. A. 6 2 

*vs» ) 

) OF CRiGAflO. 

tjiio-y *'. feituivAS. ) 



5m, Jvmim 3^¥mfov rni.inmD ??»?! ofisic* of thi? coijrt. 

frow a 5Mdi.|^«i5t i» faY^r of t.>-.e ©l9,intiff, iHftlla. V, H»«ley, ati- 
»lni«trafcrix of the aetata ©J' Uflvarti J, Kealy, d«c«sj*Be<1, in an 
ftetloB In th« i^uJQlci]!^!^! court of fh* C-ity ef Uhlo«»go, brou^-^ht 
by ih» j»isJ.ntilT ««i a |»romi»»®ry nets? es.#etite4 fcy tfce def^^'iSiiuBt 
srfi4 .^ay&fele t© a4warA ^. Healey, deeea»®4, 

lh«' oi^»9 »».« tri>»«l fe'?f??r« ite® eomrt uai.3t a jury. Th# 
jury r«t«rr4ed » ▼«r-'!lct in f»Yer of tte« plaintiff in th« eitm o<" 
|<S4S3.6C, 

Ih«5 not«», whier, was .■^st®d A»rii t3, HJlv , was I'or 

♦ 5,000^ pay&fele tHr«« yeara iMTt^r 5*t© vlth iBt*r«»t sit the rat« 

«f fiv» ^«'r c«nt |»er (karntm, J^dvart? ^, ii»8..ly cfied AwRttflit ^ , 195K, 

1lt«i (!«l>nA« ef thai 4»f«ndi»tit 1« «i»t#4 hi» follow* li-i hie itffld«tit 

•f »«rlt»t 

"Sefpnd&nt says ti^at •^.uriieg th» yssr lUll? hw cont^oaplatftd 
c&B8i&rn«tirif< » fe-j.ll'Hnif to "he 'ji??©?? f*^ <^n antr:-ai©b.l..ie ■t!Til€«rof>K 
to be loaat^Mj at the |>r«^ls69 e^fajs^tsly knnwe as l<o, 4701 W«(rt 
VKsMn^tfifi b«ai«"»%r-^, Chtc»<?«, IlllBrtl*; th-jt In yr^^r to a«» 
fulr* »afl'icl»rit Kfsfi«y to eonatruet snid l?alX'*ing it was 
afteefiStiiry fer khle .l«l>r((i?«;nt tc nrcenro » te^il? ■in;;: lo'vn of at 
l9a»t #4^,000 00 t>s« prwKlsea «i*'ir'0»«l»''5 that heferw a loan of 
■aeh »» aiaotifit c«)i3i«* t'« !wr»cyr«S it woiiii fee first noc«»s3«r|' 
to eatisfy th« |jrps««etlv« henA nmmpimy sb«ut to siakr. ijril^ loroa 
that the v»csj&t groufi««. a^on -.vfiieh is.«lr^ ee»t«nniat»d bvlJ.f^iiig 
was t4i b« ereefced had » valu"^ oi' isot la?<r than llfv^OtJOj t^mt 
this d«f«rsdaiBt feaa, in Jiwrauary , 1^1,9, wnt^red Into % aor;tra«t 
with the owners of a@i4 ab©v« ae««ri>><i»d Y».f?»»Kt nro-ri^irty t© 
twrei-aus tise »agti* for *he nnra ©f ?lu,Ot>0; tbat tjr.llrYir-f, t^^s^ 
T»s»ftt l9R6 in mjestl«ii to b* ^f th# t«1us sf at 1 ra»t il5,r.i* 
ifei» sl«f9ndant b**li?v-»e?l that h» hstd a right to r«pre«erjt that 



% r-i 



^ X 



r -1^ "^ 



/•s.i.iiwti 



SAl«f l«uid «a« of th« iraXuft of 91^,0^)0 to onj iBoni eonoioiy In* 
terertod In making e%l<^ loan aloovo a«Btlon«d; that tbi« d««> 
fen^l-ABt I' ear tag iV:<iit In-iuiii'-D .iBif;.bt t« oiuja ^ttt to h©i^ iViio 
d«leii.;:inv ^^^ocme poRsi'OBOd of sufflsifvit Bion«y to yay for 
»ai«} Taeaot lar.l nforcgiitld, <:or.ceiT«3 tho I'lta of ttHtln^r, in 
OAOO fee wao lBterrt>^Tt«<1 on this point, that ho Viad bc.>rrowt»,i th« 
9VM of <|5,CuO fro£: ono &di«ur<l .'. lloftley, now j^oco&oed, vfeo wao 
WE} taacle of this del«isdant, aind that he hutA ^iT«*ri ?iRi<? KslVAr-l 
J. K^&lojr his* vrfrfsi-ifefcjry i*ett I'oi oai-^ JWRonnt a« «vt''!cnco of 
aal' in v:; tf^neOBj t>jat in orl«*r that sa.ld SchTSTd J» Hooltry 
Bight bo In a Bo«*lMor: to cxhitlt aul'! i5cto to -''-rjy Lonrt company 
*lho i8l£;>'t lB▼e^tl|;'^^'te Bali propoBO^ loon of $4Ci,Ooo Kiinutely, 
nni who mlg>'t isako in«iuiry of Raid "'■■Iwar^l J, Tlwalfl'y, ^«oe»,««'1i, 
anri .s^sk to pp« sai-'i n<^t« of |S,CCO, ti:'l» -^eftsn-'ant P3t«c?jted aiifl 
doliYssr**^ to n^i<i Z4-^s,t^ J, H«al«y » prf5Jtii«9?>ry noto in the 

»|50X''.0O Cble%g©, April "^Bth, i91V, 

'rhr«« Y^arts ji^fti^r ,^*t© I j>.r>?-»ttiF? t^ ^f^.v to iMm orslor 
of I'^^^'iftrl J. 5«al«y Fito tho'ii^psuQ'^ »JB.d aoA''"'^ '>ol.i ••*«•« st»--» 

Value r#e«lvo#, wJtfe S»t<?r©i(t at tht rate ©f 5 |>sr cent 'por 

i.«Eoy >'. f'uXiiTjm, 
^s , , . . .Bao Apr '.1 i^rRh , 15 «?,?. ♦ 

fhie 4«fefifliant fwrtH©r oak^es &r:fiti wiiiX«f said a-atfi' r^oitot 
t*i«t va,lue* 'Bfaa r«o«iv#-'j, th-:s txve f-yci Is thur, no ^oiony r.r «>jiy 
oonftl-ieratlaij tif -sjfiy klS'l ©r n^^^taro wtiA?.»oover 'sraa ever g:ivon 
l&y tb® gai?i Itjwarl J. ii.ft%iey t»'r ^p.^' atl'.rr prrs-^n 9rho:KRo«'risr, 
to tfcio !■»*•• f©i'*viAiit nor <ii4 t?ls <S«f*«j4aK.t isTflor focsi-yo miy tton- 
«ld«ratlon oi' efjy kia-'s ©r toa&m'« fc^irratse«v«r frc.-:?. «%1.;'! SS^wiur'*. J, 
fi«al«y» fir aiw other ^ftroon for tho s*fec«t.tcc ef Ofel*-^ nete; tbat 
»i t¥io tls:0 whi*!* 3s,iii Mctft ^&s ,giT9ft 'by this -jefwv.-^arit ^o aalfS 
.l^»r'5 J. Bi^Jtley, »ie«€tieea, it wao thofi ««nd ther© agroKd fey aad 
l^otwoori eai^ .iidwagrvi J, H^aioy .rx ! uKlfl ,-!l<?T«r.4i!4«t 1.hat th<» «sild 
liwRT^ J. H^'&l.ey wtjuld fcurren3.«r ^it'? to this ^cf«ii'idant th« oiaid 
Bote ateoTO 4o«erlfe«4 at *wv ti^e tmit i?.*^ e>^owl5* t)« ref|H<?s»t<?^ bo 
to ■'m by tf/is daffudaiit. This def(«)dft,G'^ farti.<&r r-a^-a that ia 
1919 "n# *ot4ai?«4 title to mt,! ^ vacsct proa-ieoe afeov® rtetftoribo^ 
mt''- «»B ?*(nc€»e«Rf'il iij oro«JMrlrig a buiX^'lnff. loan of ;t40»0-0 oa 
0*1 d r»r«9«rty ?%»■•! flnishftd th« o©j* struct Ion c-f i» '^,t3I;:-»p'-11» 
0*1 «fc '-m-'i a'low raoaa Vall'lfiii att sai-.'^ jjr«i'jlft«a -'.itring t5i«? y«aT 
101^: tVt»t thoroaftaT, b«»Iif-Tiiig no t"•!^rt^.e^ nweossifey ftJtittM 
for t?5? sftia Ed'w*r4 -T. n**lay to cintiriu'* to h<ji<| ajB^I i^o^tooeo 
tbe tal>S not* >3«r«?ir,ai,!or« 6mKiri.\9<& thin iefraiUV'.t a^pros-obe^ 
%>•.«» gisiid 14.Tta«"ii^ .7, I^*«kl«y *iB<!. T^fm^mtp^. hisfe t© a«rr#«'Rd«r th* 
B%i^ Boto to thi» 4«fer(^.aiv-t in .'ieoorliw.»«a ^elth .him f ;„r»»'^a<snt 
mn h^-T*^xnfihc>ye net I'orthj that %*^i^ sal-1 &',lw»r.^. .f, Fi«.al'*y th«» 
«»<^ thero riw-jjir^'afintie-l to tMs f!ftf*«s.id^>it. tJ;.at h# Vj^f^ lona T"«- 
foro ^,08tr.':y«!(4 s.-vt<S not*, ti«!5.i«vlng thti-t, th.* proourinfr of tbo 
|4*v,0C»0 bii,U 'Ing Inajft iStfjd tJi» c©®ai«i.tloa ©f ti-; » ^ajiitr-i-ttoe of 
%h^ buiiiing i>-aa4o tho pre»«srvs.t lot* of the Kist" b.'> 1nn,t*i» nfoen- 
eayy '-^^-5 that %y ir«a««>n of hi- sal in Iftotrcjln,; ??--jI-*; not'* he 
VftO ^abl«» to earrexid^r the a.ai;ie &« this d^f<»K-!af.t; ih»t thlo 
4«f«*;'.^iaRt feoiieirirt<i said rcpreawita,tiafi3 ai^sl* ^y tl?a psld ''•■■^v&x 
J. M®al«y to th« fiif^ot th&t sai-: xiStto ^:a.1 ^te^m ••*e8tr??y«4 asd 
wutB Rv Xen^fT in wjElateufiiO to to Irut to'iri hs.>rlRf. nc- lr'n-iiwi<»'?f5fi 
t© the <r.©tstr».ry kh^o a© ferthor iE^uiry rrgurTlt,. th«» e^f«, 
this .i^i^foijijiiit i'urther eaya th4.t iL»r» r^over «'&» n.ny •??»r««i4<Jor».- 



»,mt 'iftm^i'Oit'i htX/^fS rB-v 



X^M 



»ff-r 



tt'-' 



-^. 






tion Di' <s/jy kln^ or n>itur« whftt»a<*vflr i'or the ..iTrln;;; oV nal<t 
pr^y^.lBBory ant« H.for«9al'l wi-l that "hp Iv e<it;lti«d to h:\r*> aftld 
not* 'Ifl'elar^^ n til ajj l "?i»l<l aoirt deiivered up wn ' cancelled 
«B<^ ntjlJeil In acoordajjo® wit;, tbe *^r©«ic«9it w4oh the <^.«- 
f«ridHnt hs^f! ^»lth pal! dec«aiP!(S. *h«»r«l"or« thl» i«l>t^4«rjt u^w 
tlMit h« !• Bet liiJ4»bt<?!4 to t/i« p:i«*latljT In any ctai wyMkiftovTcr." 

Xbe» pfi.nci.9al ms3i(£mii«nt» oi' error urg«»«1 by the 4«* 
f«n'taat are that the ▼»r4iet 1« AKaiJuct th» waight oi th# '»vl»'«r)cf;: 
•Bd ih^t. %h% court crrftd in net ^rzuritlag n nvw trl^I on tk« eround 
of n«wXy <il»ecv«r«<* eYl-^uxjc*, 

Th« only ^irrilffnot lntrodue«<t on bit'talf oi* th* pl«in* 
tiff «A» th» tff»tii»«ny ef the •^jipftlntiiff h«r»«»lf. H«r t«»9itl*neny 
reli^tef^ to th« sj.!5in««r in whl^fb uh'^ timm^ int» the 9osii«flei<>n of tli« 
»*t«. ThsiT^ sar^-. ttcmtrataiatlisK* in fe,*(r t^nti'^-^ny, 3fe« teetifl«d 
that eJ^« »«w tls« not* In S«sil»y*8 f>©«ket'beffilt ,»f?:«r*^. *fJS^f. V»for« 
h« <<IM; fehu.t «h© fo«nd tli« net*? in hl» jjoek.dfb^^lt J«®t th« ^g^ 
)&»tN>r.ft h« >3ic^.; th-%t }ikn fmm^ th« »«>t« in hi® necitathoolc thft ^aar 
ftftei; 1?'® 4.led; 4ha?, the liSSi tim* that »h« »sw tb« .n?t« w^s the 
iM j£lll?l ^i» d^att;. tat fAOt r«m«aR«, hoi»«v«r, that a-eeorf^inij to 
h«T t»et.!.msny li«!»l«y wa« carrying the not© in hifi ?i>0«^.<!(th©s'lc ^t3»t 
before hie 4«ath, liltbotJ^ th«t not* fe%4 te««n ijlT9K hla Ijy tls* ::*«• 
fendjsint th.r«» fi^thYs hatof, ths? sigjnifirfuicw of thit fact »9i>e«r« 
vh«ii J t 1 i6 cm-iriS.fiTeA tn osimeetion with tb« te»tiist«sisy ^f Earry P, 
KlcKseti, who tsiitlfleA ©& fe«hfolf oi' the *^.»f#^«^»!»t that K«»Iffy tol^ 
hi« &h««t fi-rt fl^y* 'feefers hi a d&saih that h«» htid a K«jt?i f»x> .^SOOC 
whieh h^loa^-^'! to th© 4«f«t!<*«w.t , n^i that h«* i^si® ^'joing Qr«v to «©» 
th«i SSsfendnist. 

fh0 ^«f0i-.Aant win* -aiiiqiHiallftedi hy »t?j*tit?' frov- tj^ati- 
fyli:?g «,e tty tk« trjsns&etie-n in r«g«?,r^. to th« n*t« h«t^fr«n hlw and 
M#«l.»y, ?,^jt th« evl'-leae* ii-*ro'?ijc«?^ on h<»h»lf cf th*^ :'«»f«*n^wat 
t«nd« ntrw-gly tc mjpp»rt the wll««i^%tteino ir. hip »f ft davit of 
»«rit8, fh# feliowin^ 1 fitter whl«n thp •tcf-w-lent wrot-- to Beaiey 
on m«y a*, 1«?19, vm «43atttf>4 in •PTtd«fi««« 









><,-« '- ■■ , •; If 



T'lntr* t> pr io y©t? f'Tfr 'h»; wire, Lechtlon of f.rot»rrty ffouth* 
w*t|it cc»rrer 4'?t,>> avnr uf' tiK:; 'i'aeMnj; ten Vctul^VfO-'l, c«*rt tl^,S<'' .00. 
AuJPtmt fvrnl55Vf!fl fey yf>tt Jffrf.OO thre* yrars fend yon r^rf rtlJlcg 

loy, Ht^er on* ©>' *l o» say e»ll jrtiu Up; otaouGt tliisy ara fur- 

ni».hlBg 1« l!4i:,CCC,cx for tJfto cr-ctlo« cf thr Vr.li-ilirje, n«tnr« 
©f bu«ln««« to "bo c©n^ ;ct«d on pr«v4i««« - ««^lin)i! *Uv «:oviie». 
Yovir ^iftVlng a prsatlcs-'^rv ret*, rathtr thar: a ,1u'i,/^«(r*. »©te, •'r- 
plaln by «ayln^ that throa^jn :/<»ur 'uftliflf In «y ability and your 
JE«e*Xp'lg« of K<5 .'»a » >:,ialne»i» aaia ^h» Hun Buoise^tJ^d with Ms 
pttrposwn in th« pngt, 5 «i>l«!J »ltb the relation tM»t yow hal'l 
toward© nj yrlfn v'^tm. yr^j 'ire T»ry fen'! of, that the q[u«»tir>n 
of moTf! S'lhstsfenti-*! i««*o*rlty »aa »«u<ni4sM*y iKith jrou, -fcow. Id, 
X «Ki ^ f*p '^jr. ri ln;i «-ot5R ycr to sucq-ait yviui««ir vlth hojior if c«j;«a 
UpQjQ in wny vmf that you oan 4o it« 7iBi«} no«2es«lt^t^«i that I 
l>e Vrlof , Weul'f lik«' to tffll y©ti All about it -ofhefi I »«« you, 
Iteaake v«ry siiv^c^ wfi-i lf'*«t regardB fi'oai &«, 



the «wl<?«?«ee cii l!:-«h&lf ©f th* dwfwBfiwit choT*** tl!<ii 
a>«iat fowr ^«y« l>«f9r« H«ftX®y*« d«atfe Heeley tol^S ia.«e9«ii thftt tho 
e'cetof Ka^- t«ld hire t.*!*'^ J-.'»f, l-'*»j!fci«y, ^.iA e»t hi^ir*« Isng to live; 
thst ho, Hftaley, t'll'*, ?Clasa»»a *> at h®, B«n»,lL«y, hs.<l Btjn^t^Snc h*« 
«ti4fKt to taJteft Qnr** ©^ *t o»<iaj tliat hn 'hn.A « R©t« fnr t'^«Ot^O 
«-n.in fey tJ5« *f«f^nd».ut, \u% tl'Sit t!r»® 4i«f«K<1nr.t ''t-* not owo ibiis vsr-:r» 
tl^lBg; t>'at h« t»ttii4€»«» t® 1^1 v» tV« »@tP tf! tJi« dtf^r-lK-Bt thft first 
tii8« fee saw hSj*t, ©r h<s »i#;t ssfiil it ts t'iiss. 7h«? «»vld«««ie ou 'be- 
b'llf of tb<?r tefes-Sant furtJ^.er ahan-e^ th»t Kealay b«4 i* safety •'?«?,*• 
posit tscsir in the fty»t Kat.io»?&l Basu^^ Im ^biafc ls« ?c«t>t Mp T^tltt- 
e«fel«»j th.*t -St tb« tlss« »f M»> d^tsitii ihe isetc ws,« not ther** bwt 
«-&« iB 'fei» poci!j:.«t: that «.6 t!"»<s tii&3 r«a£ tlss i»©i«» was <!!Sf»cwt«il 
E«al«y*8 h^mk fl?»p93.ttB at^raijfsd only *l&«ttt #1'?CK»; tJtat nt t^F' tire 
©f Healty*© '^.*K.th h^ had e» d#f««i% in h^mMm $XS,M^,Qlt Imt U-le 
■»»» tfcr#* y<?Arj? aft-^ this tlr*® Tr^*n the note wan ezec^tft^; that 
th* fl^^lRtiff hnA 4e«troy«4 stl3. ftf Kealey** books ex;-! luaii^re esa^ 
coul* act rTTRs^t»e# F!p|fel«»y»B 1*«xik boekp, e?uacf»Il^d rh**eks «r en<-ck 
stilt)*. 

fhfirm i» R©tliinj? in t*"* j^v^. «,.«<?*• ^o cV'.*>-* tbat H««a«y 



,»i^). 



^« ax« of thm opinion that the Y«r<llct Is fi^nlieiitly 
agalnslt %h9 velght of tho ttTl<!«ii««, 

la this Tiew It vill Bot be nttaaaaarj to loeido th« 
qtt««tioB vh«th«r th«K notion i©r Uie »9ir trl«I on tho grewt^l ^f 

CciunB«l for th« ip»lalntlff eont*n? that "courts 'fill 
not »«t«»rt»ln «» 4«f«n«si of t>ii«s kind;* that •wh«n tvrj 9«urti«a 
eon«T?lr« tog«tb«r to <!«sfrftaiil », thiy4 the gon«ir»l rttl« ie that 
eoitrts '•111 not 8.1 -I ^itJ^er of t1tt««fc t© reeo"»«r uBoe an iPi<;',T««fi»«nt 
foufi'fod «pea fr*v*d, fe«t wlXl le^va th«» wh<^re they put thenoelToei " 
that *th.« rul« i« uaually oxarea®*?;.? in thfn log»l suaxlm *i^ ^ W : % 

1%« dofondismt la »9t mmmimig to >i«f«a,i tho aotion of 

th« plaiatlff OR tho gje&xmd t>at the fcrjmsaotloB watt fr«udiaii«nt. 
Tho dofeneo of ilio d«f«r«4«idrit io thnt ih«'T« w&a no consti^orfttloB 
for tho Boto. 38yt It is rjot K«ieee«!i»ry t© decldo the qiioaiiont 
whother th«ro «»» a conspiraoir *o d»fr&t»4, rai-'^ If st^ tho «ff<^ot ©f 
a««>j oos38i>trftoy In rftg^j"-.! to tl?« K^of^snao of th« dofori»-»aknt, tui tho 
plaiKtiff b&» not sav«^<? tfe«Be q'saeatlen* for rinrlow, ths rooord 
4©©a not t^to* th»t tJiie plaintiff ral»«d %h« q«»etloiia in sny atnnn^^v 
In t>Te trial eeurt, «lth«3r by tfc« pl«»>»4in€*» 0I9.I motions te tho 
•▼i'i«»e« or othorwiae, B© crass orror ha« boon aaale^u^ tey counaol 
for tlio ■plaintiff, issfi/! »on» cotil-l fee »8»ign«4, &a th^ro ha« b««n no 
r^iiif of the trial oowrt on tii« au^stions, 

f)$i« Jii4^4nt i« re-^i^rood mnd tho oau«« rentisii-^od, 

Mmtehott, F, J,, aB«l lt«S«rely, ^, , e<s^c«r. 



'■X#;>*'Ui-%£rS .«'l i'.*lf>'Wr ^HSf t«.f.^ n^^ 



;e»Y:: 



15: 



5ar» - ^^624 






vs. 



CoaKdss!ion<?r8 «f the City oi (^..l*-**.!*, i 



41 I„A. 620 



HM, jrysi'ios JoHi»^afoi4 ■::@LiY.mrs 'I'H^e opiMim an^ fm. CDti?-,!. 



ir> %hm Stt|»#rler e^mrt ei CsoSi. county fey 'f-llliaai J. fewrs^hy iSbg&inut 
IlcholJift H, i?lKc, S^warjl J, B»Ti» ¥i&4 John A* l^-siJta, !*« Civil 
Ser»i«t t7affi33iB«ilfl«QrB, to qna^h th* i:4s«*^r'l <sf the Oiiril Sorl'lo* 

i»«lic»« !>f t>s«? City ©f :>4ea«ft, 

iajf t}^« i?«0|»s»iS«»ts t© Hurt if y to Ike yoyjrt the r^^-^rd «il ife» 

of tlj« uyit -i^ith tha r«eer4 of tl*.# |!ro«®«tUrj|giB tse ro.«ij>&ij<l*r»t8 

qu%i^ the pree«f^ific« ©^ the iilril S@]nrie» 45©»j®i«i»t«a, The c^urt 
c-y«JP«ral«4 tih** «e%i®n of th« T^spori-^eiata, *«d gr*uJ%^'J thft i»«ttidii 
«f ^« l>etttloa%r» fyoja the nMsr ©i' tfce a^itytt ih*? r*api«i4a^^«rit« 
hg(.*« pp©a«ettt*i liM® ap-^-$al, 'rh« rssturu ©f t:h® resi^ou-tflaata is «■ 

folly's®! 

*Flrs?tj 7!5s,i «ii m&.ylS, ISS2, eh,iairg«« agsinst ib« 9«>tl» 

saarrts, ^pv.s S^jo/^rint^ri. '«.r-t ef ^oli«« of tfo© Slty af Qloau©, 
t*s|j«t> «r with ftp'setf'leatlosa ©f particular %ets tsn-i coniact 

«B»4 Kf*elftc*ti<?iin9 ».r@ h^r^l.n^ftfsy fully «®t owt a» p^rt ©f th» 
rftssrd StBe5 retain ia ti-.i© e-a«ee, '4R<:? s^^l-? ah/^rsj?*?* «nt? e?j«Qirio«i^ 
tl0H» Kr»r« niBf! *Uh th« r«&t>r,nd«r,t, Ci-srll 3©ryiof(i C«*.,i?9i»s«ion 



f\ o ^^ ^\ ; 

O ^ O ®^'^<^-<i. 



of Chlflapo. S»«nn<l: Th^t the re»T>on<»»rt 05ivis«<? to V;« l««u«<! 
ueon 8f*i'? chsirgOi «o eref^wrf^i cxi(< i'^l.«d before !♦. a ■trriitmn 
form of notice at r«ot*'^ to ual-' T»«titlon<»r, WHJlar T, \iuvr>hy, 
c»i»r.-'»n4iBg M4B to \3« <*n-^ >t^9«>ar b«vror« thw r«»P7?oti.'!«nt In Koow 
612 City R*ai, on t>5« 'H%h (i»*j of vlay, A. 0, i«^;?. at 1 o'cloek 
«, fa, to »r»BW*r aist dsfeiafl w^jiilnist eai] obarpe»; ibat » ocpy of 
fwcn chfir^^fl* »»• is-ude t« ac(.i,-.-v.9ja)y »hH ifiotiao; that i>ai<! net!- 
ti<5R®r, sililuK /, 'iiiurs^hy, **» q« tb« 17th i.'i*^' of *i!ay, 1933, 
l-aly s^rva.l •'vith q;*1-1 uotica by h-aTflng a impy th*»reof ieilvey«d 
to hlA, tiiSkt «ai4 uotle« Isau.^!'.! by the r«i«T5on.i«fti **iid proof of 
8«rTlc« thej'igof <»n the p.»tltion%r axo fully s^o-'W by the rwc- 
ortt In tht» oau«« hi^r^ln-aft^r »et out !i*» part of th« ratstsrdi 
and ratum )i3r«l». tKir*1} that to a-u©tiiio thw .-,harg«» .Rfore- 
sal-^., t,to» r«gp«n<UBt h^rsrd th« t^stiBftn:? of Ui« wJlu««f»»«« In 
aoaifteatien t^lth th© <;htsjrjr«s fn<?d, a. tjrua, full ajk'I oo»plet« 
traiiftorlpi oS' -«hleh i« inaonvaratjs'd in tr.a ft^eor ? of th« 
Cofii-ii^sla*i©3P htrein».ft«<r set uut in this retiartj »» ?%rt there- 
of, ?oiirtht fhsit the r<f3.,io'fflRg l« » trw^-, f'uli i^<5 <joa»ol^te 
trarincript of the rasisrd of s?s,il ■ps-osS'fiiiitn.tt (^ffteOfciM* wtoiw peti» 
tlonsr, e«.rttil«a fey th« i>«ereti«try sf tne H©«5jctt'ei:it, to-wlt:" 

Hur* ar« »«t ettt the eapy ©f Xh% Roti«9 to th* pustitiou'^r, th« 

r«tt9i'ot «f tb© '^•tttlonisr sf tb.« o©t.ic«, the al'fia«vit of fftr-vSo* 

«f thu noti«« »a tls* »«titt«>n€ap, th*» «>!»irg#« fil(*.^ with tho CiiriX 
S«rYle* Ceiss?sl8«ioE *^aia.«t th« i»fstltl©iisr, tfe® 3.iL®t of th« rlt- 
n«B«e«, Ihffl flft-:ttRg» ly&d 4««4»tea ©,f tl3i« ISi'fiX 3#nfte» Qois.jr4ssloii, 
the er^ftr ef !il»^h«:rgs ^f tbe ©«titl©n«>.ir-, ifet «!tat««i«rit th«t a r»- 
hsaftBjj Wft* »ll#ts«id tt^en th«» rftq'ijt^fsit af th«^ a-aiJ^rlntendent of Polle s 
auna that r«in»t»t«is«Bt of th« |i©tlti0r»er w^^ 4as:.l«d, 

m« rtRrtiftg of tte« Civil a^r-YSeft Ci<5S»is»i0B ^&c <^8 

follows t 

*Xa t)5fe «5«tt9r ©r th« i»v®8tlgisti©.» of ©eriairi <5'k&rge» 
«iS«lR6t William 1, feupiit^. the O'ItU Serele^ C;o'.i.>'.i.?-a5iott n©w 
h«P« fi»4» timt eai4 0fcarg«t ^srsr* si^4« in irriilug an*?? fiX«4 
•arith tfe« Olvil M«rrl0« S&smsi s«S.or ©k th« ISth '.lay of ^.ay, 
XfStj that 8%i:l ch.:irge« eaas* ott f©r heariag a^-i. in-rcstig^j- 
tlon ■before ths ai-ril S^rsrioft Commii^mima, nn th® r»4th -iay of 
Jas»y, 19Sa, ai-id agala on the 7t3hi day of Jwi^, 19?!:^.; that a 
notice etatlBg tlfte tii^se whw >sfid th« pl^oe wfe.^j'© this Ir- 
v©stig«».ti<va wae to ¥« heldt, together wiih a copy of said 
e1*.arge«, w%» .Jeliv«r«« to the «sld Willi ?sss J, Murphy on the 
X7tlj day of feay, I925j that the »»!?» WHiiai?. J. liiarphy was 
BOt pT'^»m% in p#rsen or fey oeu&sel at ©aitii InYestlg'^tionj that 
the witn«afs#8 ^ere »wom ^ya^^ teetifttd aiiier o»th. ^» the 
Olvii S7=erYl©« C«SM»i!?i«i©n hf-ivlr.j: h«»ar:! all th# »»-'rl<^es3oe a(Ji«c«5«! 
8»4 >f*Binf ftdXy a4Yl««?5 l« th«i pre?:-'. «#», •/-.qw h»re fir'-ie fro» 
««i4 0Tiv^nK©« t&® f-ic-tft to bfl a« follo^es That the stii.ij 
^illjflim ^, ,Kttrp*>,y ©r.g*c«,4 in ^m al t«rc©tloa Mth on<? lf*«t« 
*r©-:*elyiiSE m4 o»« felk® Irs^ticJs, -in-:^ that saltf Willi aw. S, 
Murp'hr tth&i tH» isal<l Uik^ Br«etieh, m4 th* esi d eho^tln^^ 
h^.im rir.^mTrm%*^A; that Aotiai,- Limiten^t Barjl^l »rs^ t^^^ 
tiii«a thfct U,^ «-*i.i WtlUsis •% Kurphy ^e intoxlei^t^^ ^t the 



J*ln''<« tlisit thrt sal^i Wilii^fs J, Sinrohy l«* kuI! iy <>»' the a-'. »/«•• 
folI<j-??lEi7:: Iiit,<sx.ic»tion ; -:tna It in hstrwby ov1«>b4 thai thif 
said ^llii;u:t jr. W4»rphy tet 4iaoh?irf!;ed .t>o« th« roller Twsp^jrt-. 
m.m\% «Ri froia the City of u^iicjigp," 

*^0«i »B lni»p«ictinii of ttie record oi' th« Civil borvio* 

Co»«i»i5i^» we »jpe of the opinion t^iat tfe* i'lvil i'n*rvio* ujji^w.itslon 

hs.'^ jr^^f l«<5.ifiil»i3i or fcb» petit.io««r srri ef Vntk svicj^at 4tatt«r, ««-i 

t>-at xhit Civil ;:»«r^lee uaBi«ais«l<»ii 4ti not «jt««a4 It* ^urledletlon 

or !3t>:sr«ls« ^re«««^4l in vlolitl^im r>r l.'v»« 

licr.cr 'CO qaa«h the rmmx^ of the Civil i'^rriti* yostjulaisilon should 
hsrm bean ;1eriie4, "sn-^ tb* motion of thm rftsp©nd«Rt» to qu«>i«>, th« 

Salvia, ^ca xit*. ?§?. sar,, 

s- .,.;, ,,, T}** er^«r of the irisd ea-arE la rrv^rtmi. 



smi :ii^iS}iiX 



'«,'.-••■' 



387 • 30649 



OnKLAQC TITLF- ft TRtmT CCLJPAi«Y, ) tf* /* -« tt /i ^ ^ 



APPF.AL FROM CIHCnlX COWiX 



SJHa. B. lOZCS, B1.BXJB C. HO^mLX ) 



lift. JtrSTICK 3tiFJi?4T0Jf tJELlVKHTvl? tlfS OPlSIOB OV THK COtTiT, 

tryst C<wi»ojnjr, «e trust«#, »n^ R, I'oBner, the Cf/»ii9l.itr,ant«, to 
fftr«elo8« «. trust ?!««^ ex9ST$t«d by ^arl 1". Jole«, on« of th« 
<i«f«n<!8uit«, to secure bl« B«te fer l??<iC)0, th«? M.il of cei«pXa.iBt 

allsgs* tr»t Blsle Q, Bowalt a«.5l }', !♦ Howait feav« »r clalie som* 
lutt^rest la tfe« &©rtgsag«a p$-«felaes, J&l^m failed to ap-pe«ur a»d 
WQ,s defft'ilted. £lsl» G. Mo^aJlt aeid H. £« Row^at fiX«!d ««^j&r»t* 
aQ»9«r8. *'l»i© ■«. iiewait all^geii that eh^ aac|yir«4 ttti« to th« 
I»r«mis8» from J9le« fey warrauaty «1«®4. K, B. Jaowalt averred that 
Me oDl^ iBter^st Ic the pr«(jj,ses "is thai of iiieho%t« 4ow»r, * 

Th«s eaa®« was rafer •«! to *t aswiiter te xmk.^ tRBtimony 
s«^ r«pert his s©eclttfil©ri», T>'e ss^st^r fouB^l Ik f*».Tor ©l* th« ooa* 
l?]La-la«3«it8, Tfeft court eKter«<l a <1eer«« in ^aeeerdan©* ■wttte th« flnfl- 
lafs of tli0 iwaetftr. lfro&. U3« t?.flt«r«Q th« 4«f»r.diaat« SlBie C, Hovalt 
sn6 R, ''i, Bewttlt b«T9 «r©e«««te'1 tM« a^ic>0*l, 

Tfe«! ■•1«fmi^,su;t^ o«iit«n4 t!3,»t Peener is net t>).«« l«fal 
helper tmi own«r of tv^^ n«t«. tis® jj^t* ai^^*. trust *i«e4 w«r« intro- 
4ti«»«S in «▼t^^»»e« )>y t>ie 0oi»pialtt»rttfl, a»»4 BrE««t *, Cturk ^ an b«» 
fealf ef t>i« ©»!B|>lainar»ts, t^etU'lsfi tliat Peeusr w»m th<s o'nn^^r ©f 
tto« net*. Tht« ^roof aia^le m. ^rls&^ £3BkS. oa.*^ ror th« «ifm9l«t.iDMkt9 
mnd th«« hu7dl«a ^m* upon th« def ejrid^tits to sbev « Yftli<) .1«f«n««. 
SiS^li^li ^' Ht&lM.* 91 111, App. 196, 108. Bo «Tic!«snc« »»• Intro- 
flwe«d sn th« psTt ni' th« d«f«BJ-1«^ts te oirereome th« pxim^. f-^-e%S j, 



tut- 



r I 



'"■ ,t9wof> ni'M^fi»Skl 



;i^tr&TfSiti XiUf9 it 



'7'?#4>.*#*» ,*»**«> i 






tb«t tht testiaony of Clu'k i* lnhRr«ntly Ixsproljiibl*. «e /1o not 
ftgr«« *lth o-^uriBwl for lh» def«n iarttB. 

Co»in8J»l for t>ie i«f flr.'larts furtl'iwr oontwj^s t>iftt J^oleo 
■^i^ not r«c*ir« '.my c«n»l l«ri»tlon for t^<» note .mh'^ tnist M»n^i thmt 
fee hR<f no lnt'»r#«t In tr.«» property luia was wToly aotlBg »e ». ^unaay* 

*"« do not thljBk t^M% thfl? ttef^rilantw -r* In a |»n«ltl«rj to 
raiss the itteatlofi of want of oeocid«ir».tioB. In th«ir m-iswurm tis 
originally fil«d thoy <io aot sli©u« want ©f eoiiif>ii4«rat,iefi. I> v«« 
»ot until th« day t>i*t tli« <|Aar«^ ef thw cioart »»• «iit<?r«di that thoy 
anftnd«4 ttielr ^mevortt by »H«ging ^ant of «©ii«iderBtloiJ, ii\st tb« 
record ■io'99 not aife«»-, ^i« f^r »« w«a ^r« «*!« to :'!i8«©ver, that thoy 
.R«di« a Biotion to ref«5r th9 cays':-. t© tfio iaaot»r to tak« -prsot' &n tho 
isauo of waeit of eonai4«ratiedB. It©w«v^r, &»l.le freai this gu^stlcm 
tlio *vl<»«nc« eboTsa that lilsl© C. Fios^at in h«r varrawty d«»<S «sxpr«8«ly 
»8»ttSB«4 th« iMsrtga^e ajH'S agr®^''^ to p^y it, th* ®vltl«t>»ce &lst> showii 
th&t th« Int^r^iBt OK th« iBortg«g«» was p*l4, sad timt wham the aote 
mstur«4 H, E, Rowult ^Ri<!- |7© on %h^ not*; ihsit hp s«k«s4 f-or -u? ©k- 
t«nttl«?a ef tiw!« to o-ity tht "bsJlaiJC*; fm^ that bw sail that h© ua4«r- 
•tood t>!at th«i tr^ot '!««d hM % y«s&r to nm. 

Ociona®! f«r tVie <!«fORd»at« aatBtaimg th»t the 9ir4'j«no« 
'^©eo net «h»w tkat th« tr-tist d««« a.»8ijm©4 in tbe yrnxv/mty ?!««« by 
Elsto C, Mowalt wao tfe« sauMf trust 't«e4 as tlr,« oae «->ieii oo^jpLnlnante 
ftT© 8*5«king to foreclose; that tfe« ■warrsuaty d®@fi *as est^cuted on 
August *4, 1921, tiftd t^iat feiae »©t« f3«-? tra.6t d,««<| Fr«r« «xecwt«iS on 
8«9t«as:fe«r a, l»i?l. It i« tr«e that tfe« trust a<i«d, isliieh Male C. 
MovBlt as8usio4 is tiio "ffmrr^nty ic«4 is r«tf <?rro(l to lici the d«0(^ «a 
Iseiog of th© 4at«i ©f Aag-ttKt 2, 19S1, bai fresa th«» 'ple.&'lingo s%ti'\ tbo 
evl-'fen©® it i«5 app&rervt tbat tbo truet doed sought to h^ foreoloc*^ 
Is tbe one t^iat w^e siBawiaed by Blalo C, liow&lt. It is %>,« trust doed 



»fea»jr*st; 



»mU ??«•'■*? Uhrt^. *»«» ■■###>& K 



^*ȴ?.i^v 



»!**!■ kf:- 



ilU hOM 



•i<i»fci*.,;,9 :rt4j 



«*#€rf« 99.XA, MlilKftl^lll^.'o- 



•■*JJ 



nn irhlsti th« Intsrest trail pidd au^ »n 'whldh 1v, R, Ro-walt paid 3?0 
iM*^ »sJc«d for SUB (i3cteniBl«»» of tin® in vhlc)) to piy tte* bal««e«. 
But eounsAl »r th« <l»f 9iu1t%t4ta <Q&»t<m:lt thfltit /lsl« C. Bewiat v«s 
&9t iBCittSi hy tb« AetioBff <»f H« .&, Retralt, ^« «ir« of th* opliiioB 
thxit Us« fftlr inf(»renci» lYfttei th« r«»ord l? that S, i:, B*%aa.t vfts 
tt^ilag; ^irixtelpcaiy t^r Blole C. Revult. lie Alleged Ic his ai&aviue 
that he b«4 enly ao *lnohoate dow^r* rlgbi. llt« «vi'i«no« do«» B«t 
^h»v thAt h<? wfte i*h« huB'btKad ef Klale C« I'.O'w^t, but it itc^'^st ^p* 
|!!«»r oiret*ff>»tsjitlf*lly tlsat hl« negotl&ttwjs in rtj^axd tc tfa^i note 
.■!JB<! 3B»rtgfig« iF«r» eoB4t4ct«?d cm hutt t-cbaXf. Ji«it.rer Ki«le t;, 
Rdwalt nor S, 3, ?,«»ftlt t^ftUficii, 

GeuF.s»l r«r lfe« -Ifif «:i5-isknte h«Vi? oite^ »uEi»ro«® a,u» 
tr^rltiftt In Rapport df t^^tr 80«tey«ti©^ft, but ir. o»r vl^y Ui« 
•■■sithftsritl^f sre »»t «^^llefeM« i« t1^# «««« ?%t V.%r, 

<lQ«n«Kl f®r lh« a«f<?>iti;l«fii|» eent«*i&i thatt the J8ai»t«r 
«rr«^ iR r«f%j«iije ie &4lRi.t 6i»Es|?«?t«Rt isS'l r«l«T?»wt «5vi.i«»o«. 
tJsls ©^4f'.$tlon ssKGOt 1>© 5S!5i5 Hi derail fer t>je Xi^asoja thni th«> 
rwo^r-s .■?««« tot RlTiS-w iib*t the d«l"«Roar»t«6 Ksiae appileatioc t© th« 
eourt to r«5wlre tb« lE&ster ta 3.>5,^lt tfes ^vlA^nce. If i.c-teia sojfi -v, 
121222, 91 Xli. A?>i>, g97, 304. 

1» ar* ef th« ©piftleft tkat tJae 4ef«miaiit9 nav« n&t 
ettRtsllBheft & valid d«feriO«. Tfee ic^sree !» affltised, 

•Bit«fe#tt, p. 1., and Me^arely, S,, e&i&aia:. 






,,^<i»- ' ^j^tiian:ai^^<f*' ^sttrt 



.'I,- trvv ^;?ev^%: ft,: 



4U - 30748 






vs. 



doing Businevtt «A ^«e]K(M:lQal ^''cl&Xtia* 



iii&ts:SL ii«CAU.sii, 



A9p«Il»St. 



j241 I,A. 620 

) 



«S. ^lTf??lQlE JDf?K3T0S ^-^XIVKBStS TI^ CJI^IKieif OF TFB COtPT. 



tills ta <m ?4pi^«*«il tey ;ia3*a«»l i-.eQallejn fram a jtt4^«nt 
tj i.asfr«ne« K. Kstrgle, the pl«%lntilT, ^s^iiiiiet S»3fflKtt«l M-cCaaiwa «id 

^»iA t© this mvttt 1*1 fh* saisBft ■^rism^^Mm^^ iVosi asi or4«r oJ' the 
trial sourt d9r\yiiig tfa« station ol' th^ pl&intirf to yixautm ttee 
ia'%B«isi and to 'AliMalss t^je satsse* Gj& thi» fip^^%l oi' thft j?ia.iB£i.ff, 
Hsirflc, &«» 80446, ■»« Ij.el4 tl-iat tka trlt*l e^wft er.r«4 1» (4«ityiaf 
th« s^tisJB «f the ffXslntii'i", «Ba4 tJaat th« or.f«r- ©f iJ^e oi^ttrt shctaldl 
15« TttreTib«4 «*»i tb« emt»6« rfii33isi?'!«vi, Qn ih« urea^mt appeal af 
S^smwl Mot;aJHaii, we ar«t ©f th« oi^inlorj tb«t th« ja-^,e!|&f»iit oT th» 
trtml. eei«rt «1N»jji1^ %« tr«Tr«sr«4!!!(i eisa i>t*s <m?.'i8« r#.BiJsri*^«ft '*lth ^ir«eti©B« 
t© tJjft trtstl cw«rt t« gr«i;^ t>5« aotl»» ©f tfee fklalRtiff ti> a«t Aula* 



WITH mminim'^i. 



MateSt<?tt, I*. ?, , ias4 te©Sur«ly, I., c^neuy. 



n Q ^-^ ^\ r r K €^ 



'^im'^mmi^ »%s- 






33 5 - 30597 



joKri p. ntiKr. ct ai.. ) 2411 o Ao'- 6 20 

) i^'?tAL Jam mmici'PM. cotjht 

ve, ) 

) OV CHICAGO. 

HISPAAJI JtmSKK. Jr., ) 

A;>rvell:!ait. , ) 



MR. JTrrSXICB KoGT)HKLY T^HlIV^ItTO IHl OPISIOK 07 TTr?, COTinT. 

T!ils i« art annpa). by ?1«»f !??n^,ant , Persian -Tuhnke, ^r.. 

This c&ae -wae consolld'sj.t^d for heartri,;- vlth .5aM. 
3wT>erfie.Qr. ▼. QXaon ^ i>.Q, 30696. in which wa opiriton hao b«9« 
I'lled this day. Cur concluaiQn in thsit ea8« cer.tr ola our cok- 
clxislon in tha ic«tr.int case, ?tri'5. fcr the reasons «t;'it'>i! in that 
opinion t}!is juclt?J!i««t ia afftrBii?>4, 

Matehett, P. J., -snl Johneton, J., concur. 



r«Cf>K - fi> 



o 












356 - -^0593 






Appall int. 



2 411,.:^ "^2 

05^ OBI C AGO. 



MB. JTJiJTiCli Mon^l?{'^LY D:^1XV5SjRXB TUB OJ>IJ.IO*i OF TKs C0!J(a5'. 

Ihi« iffl ar; aT;>.p«»ajL by <lef eini.'int , Horiaan Ju>ini:«, 
fros. a ,f\j l-o^ervt against him of iii3156.3(i. 

This osBP WttB eonac'Hdat«4 for hefltring -Aith 
Puk^.. .3uD^ry.iB<?r. v. OXgon, ivo, 50SCi6, in ^hlch fm opinion 
ha.® been fllfjd this ilay. Onr conclusisr. Irt that cas« controle 
our ooncluaion in ths irjet-iTit oaa*?, .jikI for th© re^MPons Rtat®d 
in that owirsion tM» .Ju^Kaent la .-iJT Irmed, 

AF3?IRMST). 

Km.tch«tt, P, J,, find iTohrjson, J,, concur. 



>- \\ 



^ifnor. ^ hu 






Sa .A;l'fj^U ■. 



,0«1K!JX «A: 



i'wti X .l.";W,; '^T^ijfe, 



jNi*«.T- -■■■•••">' «x »«W ^oTt &a6 , ,. — .,.-..... 



.tl.Ji'4£i / 



•'«|»ftlMM» '.4 »% ,ll«CI%'-f«: 



:'*j:ifii*#M- 



337 - 3Ci599 






y 



^ / /> 



Vft. 



Ay -: _!:_ J. ^iTAo «.. 
\i»FKA}. mm MUKICIP/J, COUHT 

OF CHICAGO. 



kB. jruSTlGB McS^JRm.y IseLrVIlRKT? TBK OPIKIOX OP TKi-: CCDRT. 

Ttils in an ii»T5eA3. "by 'Hfl'tv-w-^afit,, Willimx'. C. Juhnkm, 
froffl a ,iud6J3«»t ftgainat hlSB of 5631,20, 

This en?** ''^ns cs'intsoi idat? 1 J'or hftiwinj:^ ■with 
D^k t?, ^ 3t^p pi'<lEer . v. C3l«_oii, i-^o. 30S9G, in •5?!^iic)i aii ooiiTlon 
has 'b«9i'! rilRd thl?? -Say. Oiir coiiclu^iori in that eaR« eor.trola 
our oor»clu8ion in the IriPt'^'nt case, suii Tor th« r^vH»ojtia etat«d 
in t>.;it opinion this Judgment is 'iffiri.':*?':'. 



liatehntt, :■=. J., im6 Jol-nstcn, J,, oonour. 



:sH ir^ 



N 



\' 



>C80€ - rcf 






9;, A.I 14^2 

tmm M^ioimm mm. jAm**A. 



fe«jri«#» •ns«a«i*4 Mfjt ^ot i-^m ,»•«»#(*;-..■ .^ •;...■■. ..- ■■■.-■■' -. ■/ --: 



«iQ9«fieo , tt; ,iw*t«Kffv ..'j^rfo**; 



/--Js 



'- ' ) ./ 



359 - 506Si 






,^-" 



PEOPLE GiT THS. UTATS OJ? lU.IiiOlS ) ^^-«T/> COl 



Vtf. 









kE. Ji;sxica keiF.fijsLT stjiLiViSKiD tb'i ojpikiok of TKE aO!B.T. 

»arr©r «i-ieh -wab »irRr»irul«4, an;l ^la-^i^ffiwat follew««T •iwjurdtifjg 9*tl« 
tlewer the writ eossaian^tBg the ^Ire CoamisBioRer of the -B<"ir« 5)«» 

^^arteT'nt of %h« City e>f ^iblci^fo ts* flv« n«»tic« tfl th« Clril a«r- 
-vie* O»!ai*ti««lon«y« ©f tb« v/-iC5aKcL«« in th«! office*, Dwiiltlona and 
pl?r-,c«« of «®ulfiys#mt ©1* J'lre ^np-tnft*?'? sfci\4 of a«8l3t«4rit fiP« fiasgl- 
»«<?? >ia i co»85--*« '.Ing thi9 Cl-ril a«r*le« C©»tili^«;L6B®r8 oi" the wity 
©f vM^ag« to cftrtlfy aaasje* ©« ths relngtv^^.'fAei'rmt li»ft aB*3 the 
jflr« CJeJtfejsl«aio«©r ts apsai«t «al4 |>e,r»o»« v»h®s«5 BskSse* &**« e#rti« 
ri©4 iand th:« S!tdf! Civil ii«nrlc« <J©jBsls5«jion©F« ta givft «eti&« ©f 
asd hold «x«!lii3iti©n» for flp® fTSigiBSffir m»<i f©r aisftistant fir© 
esgiii«®r, all s*» |»ra^»s4 In th« |>«(titl©ffl, 'afef^Bsiaiftt* a.pp«ml, 

A e©n4®nt9«4 stat^K*®fit of tlfus l>el,.ltlon i® that pi!>ti» 
tloBt'T is a eitljg«n uR'^ a Ila<me«4 «sBgl«««!y; thai ht- i!?lah<fd to 
tsJcft tb« civil ^«rTle« ©x^^iBatloHO sor %isi»lat.3Ri fir» -nvii^se^r 
©f th«» ?lr« 1)i*t»artr.9»nt sf tls« City «f Chicago, i»hlcv Is th« l©w«et 
fllftss iiR th« «^rvle« In t>ia.t -Ijstj arts! sat ^ise" whloV ^ealtt©» la flll»d 
li^y %rj original «xaeilBail»nj that th*?r«s wwr« no *sll4;';llsl« list* »f 
at)siieiur,t« for t>iftt posit i©n or tb« r.^att a1»or#, tV:at ftf fir* ongl- 
nt«af, whlo'^^ l« filled Isy & ^t-r^Bioticna,! «fxaji:ilriiHttion, to wMch Inetm- 
l*«nt» of tb& pti^.tt>i©n af asalstftfjt flr« ««5»in*«r ai'ft ©llj.xl'fel©; tH»t 
tber«^ was what 1« loiown as a reinatatessftKt list o» which t7«tre plie«d 
the Kjui»«« ©f p«r«5>BB retura®3 fross l«aY<s of ».>;sieBe© or ial<? off or 



stnsti 






o!f T^r 



in 



-kit 






^*?a3i«*-' 



t» .ejr«: 



'»M 



::>tii»J»'4«t 



■ ^'iS^'S, y^nW^' 



who fe»d r««li3;M«d and whottc resl^nt^tlon* »«ri» withdrawn; thnt on nuch 
r*in@tate»ii«nt list J'nr naiftatant tlr« en^finnor ther« irer« four tuoh 
f«r»o»e, ©nly one of whow wnwl? !%«««pt reinwtat.eai<nit, iin an such ll«t 
for fir« •oRpln««r thar* »»» ono pAirnrn who had •Igniflfti that h« wovld 
not te*!: r««pT>olntw«Rt; thnt th* City toy its ^suutjal ap'sropriatlon bill 
IjroTl^efi for 101 ftre ftB«?ln««»r» snd 145 %B0ir.t'%nt f I r« «*j.ln««»r«, ««<! 
that t^«ro wer« fir* 'Vif4««»el«« In f^aoh ?50Blti«»; that tha Taotw.oiaa In 
tho T»©«ltton ©** i'lT* «Kgl«e«r ssaet le filled l^y isroisotlon frew tho 
•laas of aaHlstsMTit flra «jagin««r, so tha.t s>h.«sri th<?»e ▼acntn?ieo wura 
flli«5 thara wili b« t«a ▼acan-aiea in tth^ jjositisn sf sisslEt^ijr^t fira 
anginear; th»t th« Civil 3ervi<2« Co««)it«!9i©a«y«5 rBfttsad to bold «x- 
mlB^tiana for etther of th«ae po&itinnv and the l?lr« cj0iaKia»ior*«r 
rftfua*!*^ to report ©r ssaka ra^ul dittos for naiaisa ^f «?^lii;ibl«a to fill 

It la JArguM against the jwl^m^mt thm.i il is nis% ifhown 
that vao«/<ei»a exist in tha (sfi'ieaa of fira euglKGer :4n^ aatslat^uit 
flra *»ngl«eer, Tbi* ;»«tltien a© sllffgi»«, ^m.-i an ail^^gat ioo thst thera 
was a Taca^ney i» a^ stis£.i«3,«nt of sm ultisaata faet, '^lioh si g®n*?raJL 
4tim9TTtr «<f?sfta. g»eT>,l;.» ^ca; rfil...,_Sl^ehly v. £gf,fija» ''"^ ^"^^^ ^^^» 
yaa^ V. JMrnol4 . 942 111., no. 

It vM h«l;« in hViXUn V. £iti^, ?:^S 111., 478, t>at tha 
fffle* of ir0ll«# officeT e<Mtl ' net fc«» c''?*t*'1 1j7 an &)9t3rpprt«ti©ii 
"bill, 'bnt tHa natitlOB here do*^» eat atlleg*? thsit ♦.he fire -^nr^inaar* 
ar assi»t.tnt fire ffliij.^ineepa «p«rs «?ffloera, ^n% t^^ai thee© w^rm 
• ffieaa, p©8ltio»« ar placaa of ejsployr.ant and thaaa p>e.itii!in8 qsh 
be era%t«a h^r »*« «pproprl.%tleii feiii. ^;fQ;pX»?_,, ^x re).> .J -^cc-'bg r, gpff Jj ^,. 
88? lii , ^9. The c!iff«rer,ee h«twe©n an offiear sMti «xi <?y;ployea in a 
9esltlim ie ^19t«r^iB«d In this aaae, 

if, tha.'i, theae jtoeltiona have l^ean cra^tad toy the 'vot 
of tb« City Cownoll jsnd th»r® are vr*ciMJcl«a tharain, a«lth«r tha 
*«*« £i«a-jai»s loner nor tha Gl-ril Servica Cosiaiseioc^ra >»»▼« po^sr to 



^h 



SI J. 



XXi 



J Oti'*- 



^•^fi^.t-im^'!'-^' '•'* 






^«<}i^» whether or not It ta n«o»»5«iTy ta 1*411 th««« p^nAttoni). 
fY.vy o^tr^not 4^cllBh a position ^hloh thft City Couftcll hti« or.^at^d 
Ijy r«funl»g to tnkf^ t>ie prooftr st«t»« r«<?ulre-1 by law t<. fill any 
Tao?mol»», Thl« V'^p been 4«»f?nltflly Stol's^d in |l2£EifL«!l?.Xii« 

li3., 67. 

It i« said tliat thwre is no r«in>«tttt«!iu«Bt list ?ro» 
Tld«d 'by litsr or >jii^«ir th^st rta-^w oJ' tb« Civii Swrviee C^asr^l^sion 
for th« X!Rl»Btatss»«nt ol" s-e>siK«e<S offtoers s^d <*a^Icy«e«, .It 
«ifjht bp noted tftxt f^\& 5i*'tiitQB :loes net ali^gis that those on the 

reinrta''r-f^:.-'rit ISst sr<> r«sig«««i «sn>^l©ye«», "fettt thiw i® ijsii.t^tferSul, 
for ©(»tit-lo»«r dO'^a net alalia ts fee a r«ngif».«4 i^spl«>y««s, l^ut la 
els.l8jir!£ %Y.^ rifef?::t t© ifek<* aa ari-glKiail «x&sfci|}atio»» 

It t» %i!S© ar^jsad tMj&t DeiA*l»ii«*r 4ftRft not spy^* that 
^* ^o^-e*-*?* »'■''! tbe 5ttsaiflc»tloee sie to age, height, weight, «to, , 
t? tail* th«i e3?ft0:.l»sstlen«5, ^hloh are r»Qt»lr«4! fey e«rt«ilK r\!le^e of 
thft Civil :.v©rvl»« ^©if-si»gl©n, w© c6JiBot ta3c« ^a<;ioif4l notice of 
such rul«»'!«, tm.4 ttmy *r* jset i« tiie r#c-$r4 bssforfs ««, ^.§^115.-^3 

Tih? poiKta 3"&i»©-!i tey «ief«ii'S.«tita l-u^,-ve fitlr«Ady been 
4«ei^«.l »ilv«r»«ly te tfccir posit 1«»r "by th« S^prejae Court In 
•iifellsr ed8«8, fh® Aeigiarrer was properly OTar»rul«d aRv's tfe« 

Matehett, r, J,, ^e4 JohnttoHj J",, ooncur. 












'•^ iH>& iStSU^ 



381 . S034S 



Ar>p«»llants, 



241 I.A 



^A. (o 2 1 

OF cooR comrr. 



m» 3mtt(m ii«mmi.i u^ivsraKs 'sm om^nm of tkb cotjBx. 



€ompl»ln%nt tiled his 1^111 fleeing foreclosure ot a 

M^^sttr, rho h«a^^5 «Yi4(9aee arid r«;^ort«<l hi» jfln.liEigB with th» 
r«ee8>sjeadiiti»n thai th« prs.y»r oi' the Mil te* greeted. .Kx««»>» 

tioss w«r« o-ver-ruled isund sk ^Seore® eiJt«$T«^. . aecordiaij^iy, fixing 

Ther« i» ffisrlt In the 8«««e»tXoR tJhat ^h(5 ni?p««l 
8h9uli$ l>e 4llBi-. ini,«!«4 f!>r tfe* r«mson that i;n« >>rlef ef ;^!efaB-;?aKtt 
4e*ff a»t comply «-itis H«l» if of thlg iseurt, lowev^y , "sr' prr-f^-rr 
t© ipsme apon tfe« p«iRt» 9r«s«rtffa i& the ^rl«f ms w« un loretait^ 
th«t», 

?h««< eoa^l?slnaat »r1?? thtg real 'jstf^t*? in fjuestloa t« 
th« defeu^mitt for las.eue, n&i as fi«ft ©f the ?m:rc'ha8«« prle« 
took a trast d««« 4at«4 Jt3»# 1, 19 S2, eoavsying ths frep^rty, to 
»80iiur« defendants' #30,000 not®, ^^yafcle is InetalJfficritt of 
|a,©y© eacb ©a Jun« l»t ef «>»oh y^'^r thereafter until pala. Tlia 
latfiTftst wft» 6;^, .i-ae «e®l-. annually, I'h.e liitsreBt 4u« Deeasabax I, 
XfSt, Slid Jm»« 1, 1©33, w»e i9«a,^, "fcat th« iustallsient of $2,000 
•f ^rl»oif«l vitto J«»« 1, 19^3, wft« not paid. 

Dofexji'ls.Kte aBg«Tt t. at ther« *»• a verbal agroaasiftiit 
to ««t«R4 thft tliae of pa5rBi«*i3t ©f this ln8t^lfl&«!iat, Xo support 



J. * ■ vs 



if^a^^i)^ 



:-:Mmmm»'t 



this, rtefendsmt Albert F, Jedllioka testifio'i that ho h'xA « cenyer- 
•ation with co»t>lilna«t In May, 1923, in « ioh ha tol'J oo]apl«iln«ki;t 
that the defeiif^'irit* axpftct^l to buy othar property liii '^ >--oul1 put a 
largft boni inou* on all oi' this ;ind pay the entira ^5\.',O0C the 
follo"»lng Decftffihpr, .<*n-^ that compl,?,in'4nt agreed to thi»; that 
thereupon thfl Intereot "u^ Jun<» 1, l^'-JS, was pai-t by chwck, on 
which was ar. -n^^.oraffjnmt tr the prf<?ct thftt th« /'',000 then ^u« 
was to bs p<ii'1 on or b«l'or« Ducecbsr 1, IC^S; that oot-.o lain ant 
continued to occu-py ■vn oiTieft in th*» huillina h-* had «ol'^ to ^«- 
f#n'1ant«, sK'l th«t part of thf considsraticn for tha «.xtor.»ion 
wa« <!«foridants* agr^msent not to prese hiin to pny rent for thie 
until t>«oPSibffir lat. GomplHiiKAj.t denied that he pver had any such 
con-vereatlon with /ilb^srt Jedliaka, an'? t#a!,lfi«<1 that h^ hrA4 paid 
all th? rent, nnA this ia ailscitt^xt by ?!«!' efi.lante, Cotspl'^inant 
also teatl-led that th^re was no <sndor8ei!::eRt on ths check to the 
• i'r«ct th.^t the $2,(K)C of principal adirht bw paid oti or bigrore 
December let, an I that h« never knew of any sv^cjh notation until 
the check was pro^.ueed at tbw hearing.; bf'for*- the K.?,eit-'r. Jes^licka 
adsiits that the check foiA -endorse^ient m«iy hrxve he«»n writ-ten with 
t*o p«ne using two ii ff «»ront klnde of ink. Complainant rurther tps- 
tlfie*! that tee ^em«n'*«d paynsant of tvio |2,000 inntallmftnt every time 
he jBet defer.lant Albert P. -Je-ilieka, whic>> was at Isaat flight tisiea, 
an<l 4efen'?ant at Ita this, hut gays that eighty tirma ?foul^ bo wore 
like it, Je-llleka also a-^wite th»it he reoeirefl a l^tt-^r froa th« 'S'^st 
ern 3tate Bank about Jvine 27,1^^3, an-? Jinoth^r about September 26th, 
In both of 'JThioh it wa* stated that foreclosure pro oef»d Inge "Oidd 
be cotsEii^ncert if the inatallmeat of principal was not psld. Com- 
plalnAAt t«?etifi«i that he teli defendant Albert F. Je-llicka that 
this bank was eoll noting the note for hlja, iaif! the defendant 
•tated that "those fellowe '*♦ could not do araything for a oouplt 






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9f yefkTit aajrv&y," tm<! at atnethnr tia« ttoBaicMRted on on* of th«a« 

letter* i»^ bwls;^ UR«l«8s, &« rcr«clo8ur« T>roe«»»11ngii woul! taka 

*» cew«l«» ©f ywarft," ?;xfi5?lniKfj th« et»t«M#nt of Ja^llolia ii la 

«|i9ar«ct th^Lt th«rft "xfun bo deflr^ito plan to pureh«a« ethar i»roi;»«> 

OTty, fMt <^nly- tk poi>sibl« lnt«ji ; !<»« to ^<•> e«s, ?m5 "If it looka 

roay* <J«fen!3aKt» woulrt ^ay oil' the aortKiage on Dacajaber let, 

Th» »^9t»T fou8<^ that thora wtka no ysilld <%grae».«nt 

t9r an axtattaion of paymferit ©J i>.le installment of prliiclpal. 

Ttaa «!iri<1enea justlil^a tha conuluaion that th^ra waa In faot no 

•Itraes^ant i9%4« »a4 ev«n if tfeo dtl*#fii';'tt&tis* T«f»lon aheuld tje ac- 

e«Ft«^» tb« &.ll8!ji«d «gr#etR«!nt tab -wholly ^lUiowt eorjai.^aration aa*! 

th«rsf<9re net Mndlsag, A. iiriialae by iha holeior ol' a note to for- 

■feaar Is not Mn-l.lag tmlaaa tujuiortad %y a e^ngiiajfatioa «mr) »aah 

on 

msTnmt^nt €t}».% not ur«'*««t t>>«j HoIj^sb' trtm auiit^the -fj-Ttper at auay 

tlisa, 7 ^ye, ^^, t^i« V:«%a fcca/s hi:-!^^ In n:Ai\j oi^aes from ^.atafil 
^» liJ2!L22ll» ' J3.i» S*^, ta B^^ywr t. 'SPelfe, S^a III. Apn, 455, 

the ln«t^l?a«!ist .Hm ^^^«i« 1, l,t»<?3, bafepa tfe» i''3r««losur« pro«©'^-*l8g« 
wayi* eosaBi*aic«A. Thle Is mot anjj^orl.*'! bf thi? reeo3?d. Compiaiaant 
%ftnf asking ati2a«r9u9 1«-«atii'!i3 fof i>«kj^.«nt ®f tfees in53t53ull£s.«nt, on 
Ooto'bar 19, 1983, dalivere^ tha txaat doe^ «yR4 notta to hio at- 
tomsy with lestrtjotlona to forntciose isfi-i tlie Mil fQX> fei;ls pttrpoae 
■aaa filaa Ooto^ar a8ti<3. On th^t -,»t« aofandaat Jadiicka olT«r«4 
ooBlsl^aBant «, eheolE, -wbi^i ®©8plal«^mt refw8«d, infoiiadng dofand- 
smt ?«€aiak» th:\t th<» matter fes** Ifeaon plsicea in th« |jat;ido of hit 
attorsay for foreclorar* and that tha aaatiro eoottnx. seouraa by 
th«s trust d,a««i BHast fe^v fai4, Wfeati-iaf tiila cshack -viku t^fi«c%&> 'o«- 
for« or *irt«r tfen axjiot «sl»-ate on -whiet;. the bill waa ftla4 la 
«ac<Prtsia, \;^t tr-la ia urlsjiiortsttit , ^4f5 the •t«n<1«r of a ehaelt i« 
not » ««rf I, olftct tanker* ^« fact tfejit d«f*iif?as'^ s»ai«j ciaya after 






HNS ' 



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I"RI« •. .-..!.,• 









ti 



th« 1^1X1 ff»a fll»<f inailQ a t<»U(!«r oi' i^,OiiO in eaab will /.ot aTitll, 
for tli» riXing •f th« bill -««« •vid«uod ol <;ois^9lale.uit '• «l«etii»n 
to daeXfixe tv^ (uitlre iiu^uQt flu» si^oeordiug to the terai* oT the 
tmat <d««d. CosapXtiinaAt 's t^stissony Uiat ei^ Cetobvr .H.^d ^.efen ^aats 
offcircd % ohsek aia4 not oa»h 1« tuiiportad >»y the t^^itttiaany of Mr. 
lourek, an attoru«y irho h^il therotofore roprcaentel Geu& >l%ln <At, 
who ttetlflc-^ th&t J«dllcir» t«l#9i*;*^tt«ii? him ©» tteta lat*', »aijiii.g that 
>i$ h»^ booii «it ooaplfilniunt^s oTfieo a fav minutes 1t»«ifor« »nd offcrod 
>?.ia a o*t««k, '"Viieh wna r«ftj»«4. thtsre w»a no ten '«r uf p&yj.n-.nt wViieh 
*oij1c^ bar coKsplalisaet from eit«rolsljig tfea option j,:lv«n in th4» truat 
4oad» -upoa 'lofaislt of any of %he inetailai%ftta of urlwcl^al or In- 
toroat for thirty iays, to disclur-i- au* th« jfrlncipeA aari wltJiout 
fiotioit* 

It 1« s«.>ijt«4 ttot tfeift ifcftstffir'o fees are «5eo«a»tT«, l>ut 
no pskrtl