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"L'l E> R.A R.Y 











THE YEARS 1864-5, 












ft aUw contains full information for Shippers, and tables of distances by Railroad from port to port. 

1SS &c 13 O Clark St. 




J. C. W.. BAILEY, C. J. WABD, 

printer anfc ^ublig^r. Vintjtr, 

128 & 180 Clwk St. Cor. ot Randolph and Dearborn. 


* The compilation of a work of any kind, is always a subject of solicitude to those who desire 
to produce a work that shall at least approximate as nearly to perfection and accuracy as 
ordinary foresight and attention to detail can insure. 

In presenting, therefore, this, the first volume of the ILLINOIS STATE GAZETTEER AND 
BUSINESS DIRECTORY, to the public, the Publisher feels no ordinary degree of diffidence, 
appreciating, as he does, the vast amount of labor and patience which is required in collect- 
ing the material and compiling a work of this character. Although the greater part of. the 
matter contained in it has been obtained by actual canvass, yet the grateful acknowledge- 
ments of the Publisher are due to many individuals of the smaller villages for much valuable 
information. The sketches of the larger towns and cities have generally bee/i prepared by 
prominent and well informed citizens of such places, to whom, also, he presents his cordial 
thanks for their hearty co-operation and the interest they have taken in the work. He ap- 
preciates, highly, the uniform kindness which has attended the collection of historical, statis 
tical and other information. 

While it is not claimed that the work is perfect, yet with the consciousness that he has 
done all in his power to make it as nearly so as possible, the Publisher leaves it to a dis- 
criminating public, hoping that while they deal lightly with its errors its merits will not be 

JOHN C. W. BAILEY, Publisher. 

CHICAGO, June 20, 1864. 



Iffinoii f . 17 

Geography of . . .20 

Climate, . 29 

Prairies, . . . . .30 
Agriculture, .... 88 

Soil, 83 

Natural Resources, ... 35 
Goal field? and comparison with 

ottw States, . .; , 37 

Composition of soils, . .40 

Education, . ' . . 44 

Institution for Deaf Mutes, . . 46 

Internal improvements, . . ' 46 

Railroads of the United States, . . 51 

Alphabetical list of Counties, . . . 55 

Business Register, classified, . . . 607 

Cities, Towni, Villages and Poatoffiees 
of the State, together with the 
names of persons engaged in busi- 
ness in each place, . .. 121 to 606- 
Constitution of the State, . 99- 
Governors, past and present. . . 9$ 
Population of Illinois by Counties, 1860, 53- 
" " the States and Territories, 

1860 52 

Statistics. . . -:> > f v .;rf . . 5 

Postoffices, by Counties, , ., 113- 

Railroad Department, ,,..,. . 804 


Abingdon College, .... 

Chicago, view of, 

Fort Dearborn, 

First house built in Chicago, . 

Hospital for the Insane, 

Illinois College, .... 
" Institution for the Blind 
" Miniature map of, 
" State Normal University, 
" Museum of the Natural History 

Knox College, ... 

Knox Female College, 

Monmouth College, 

Princeton Court House, 

Public School, .... 

University of Chicago, 

" " St. Mary's of the Lake, 




. back of Chicago view. 

Society, " 

. Galesburg, 

. Mo-nmouth, 

. Sycamore* 



21 G. 




Easter & Gammon, 46, 48, and 50 

W. Lake, XXI 

Fielding, William & Co., 56, 68 and 

60 W. Lake, .... XI 


Randall G. P., Portland Block, . XXIII 


Brunswick J. M. & Bro., 73 Randolph, XXX 
Brunswick J. M. & Bro., do . XXXI 


Clarke & Co., 87 Washington, . XXV 


Davis, Sawyer & Co., 40 and 42 Lake, XI 

Fiske, Kirtland & Co., 43 Lake, . &XVII 
Henderson C. M. & Co., 4, 6 and 8 

Lake, XXVI 

Phelps & Dodge, 64 Lake, . . XXVI 
Whipple R. M. & Co., 226 and 228 

Lake, XXV 


McEwt-n John, 243 N. Wells, . . X 


Brown Thomas H., 44 Adams, . . IV 
Card Albert, 47 and 49 N. Wells, . XXI 


Dr. D. H. Seele} 's, Masonic Temple, XX 


Ward Cyrus J., cor. of Dearborn 

and Randolph, .... IX 


Liil & Direray, cor. of Pine and 

Chicago Av., .... XXIX 


Bogle Daniel, 58 and 60King*bury,opp. Illinois. 
Dewey & Co., 27 Kingsbury, . XXVIII 


Holbrook & Parker, 04 Kingsbury, XXVI 


Meeker A. B., foot of North Market St., XVI 


Hill and Sinclair, cor. Canal and 

Jackson, XIX 


Bryant & Stratton's, Larmoii Block, XXXII 


Reed J. H. & Co., 32 Lake, . . XVI 


Davis, Sawyer & Co., 40 and 42 Lake, XI 

Whipple R. M. & Co., 226 and 228 Lake, XXV 


Ross & Foster, 105 Lake, . . XVII 


Walworth, Hubbard & Co., 225 Lake, IV 


Easter & Gammon, 46, 48 and 50 

W. Lake, .... XXI 


Bartlett Wiliam, 183 Randolph, . XXVI 


Croskey A. F., 51 and 53 S. Water, 

outside back cover. 


Wilhartz J., 50 Lake, (up stairs,) . Ill 


Ideson J. B. & Co., Ill Randolph, . Ill 


Jones & Laughlin, Riyer gt., . . XV 


Hartford Fire Insurance Co,, 49 

LaSalU, .... XXIV 

Merchants' Insurance Co. of Chi- 
cago, cor. of Clark and South 
Water, . . . opp. Illinoii 

Peoria Marine and Fire Ins. Co., 

148 S. Water, . . opp. title page 


Griffin J. F., 42 and 45 Franklin, . XII 1 


Illinois Central Railroad Co., . LXVIII 


Galloway A. J., room 11 Metropol- 
itan Block, .... X 


Walworth, Hubbard & Co., 225 Lake, IV 


Baldwin J. S., 212 Lake, . . XVIII 


Hannie G. W., 97 Kinzi ? . . XV 


Orne & Butler, 160 Clark, . . LXVII 


Eldred H. F., 566 Clark, cor. of 12th, VI 


Eldred H. F., 566 Clark, ... VI 
Underwood J. M., S. Canal, bet. 

Adams and Jackson, . . XXVIII 


Krause F. W., Ag't., W. Washing- 
ton, bet. Carroll and River, . . XXI 



Bailey J. C.W., publisher, 128 and 

130 Clark, .... XXVII 


Palmer & Plaramondon, cor. of W. 

WWr and Washington, . . V 


Brown Thos. H., 44 Adam*, ' . " .'*"" IV 


Liverpool, New York and Philadel- 
phia Steamship Company, F. 
A. Emery Genl Ag't., office 
cor. Lake and Clark, . . XI 


McDonell C. Ag'i., 29 Market, , XXVIII 


CornwellB & Elliott, 86 Dearborn, VIII 


Stitt T. W., 96 Dearborn, rooms 6 and 7, XXV 


Kimball W. W., . foot of alternate 

inside pages 


Walwortb, Hubbard & Co., 225 Lake, IV 


Michigan Central Route, office, cor. 

Lake and Dearborn, . . XXII 


Herring & Co., 40 State st., . . II 


Hannis G. VV., 97 Kinzie, . . XV 


Goss & Phillips, cor. of Clark and 12th, VII 


Grover & Baker's, . outside front cover 
Wheeler & Wilson, . foot of alternate 

inside pages 

Fairbanks, GreenleHf & Co., outside back 



Gilbert Hubbard &. Co., 205 and 

207 S. Water t., . . . XIV 


Beckert L., 40 S. Wells, . 



August Schwartz, 158 Illinois and 

107 S. Clark st, XVII 


Smith M. propr., George Clark Agt., 

37 N. Franklin, . . . XXI 


Ryan John C., 296 Clark, . . XVI 


Emory F. A. Gen'l Ag't., cor. Lake 

and Clark, . . , u* V<i< ? n XII 


Gilbefc Hubbard & Co., 205 and 

207 S. Water, f ..-'> . -> . XIV 


Hibben & Co., 45 Franklin, . XXVIII 


Stuart J. M., 296 State, . . ~. XIX 


Spencer W. S. & Co., 55 Clark, . XVII 


Clough John, Pres't., . *.' . XIX 


Bailey John C. W., publisher, 128 

and 130 Clark, . . ,. ..'. . XXVII 

For Cards under special headings, see the Chicago department, commencing on page 218.. 

For Business Cards on tinted paper, see front of classified Business Register, at page 606.. 

For 4 special cards, of wholesale houses in the business block 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 14 Lake- 
street, ee buck of the cut of building. 

For Bowen Brothers Card, see back of Shober's Lithographic pictures of business blocks; 
in Chicago. 

For other special Cards, see the View of Chicago and m\p of Illinois on the reverse side~ 




Patterson James, Iron Works, 
Alton National Democrat, 

Augusta House, 
Jones I. A., boots and shoes, . 
Major's Express Company, 
St. Clair Savings' and Ins. Co., 
Belleville Advocate, 
Belleville Democrat, 





Bloomington Nursery, J. K. Phoenix, 

proprietor, .... XXXVI 

The Daily Pantagraph, . . .XXXVI 


Tr^mont House, J. X. H*tn>ld, XXXVI 

William Barker, who!, grocer, . XXXVI 

! Bernard, Smith & Co.,whol grocers, XXXVII 

! City B.-mk of Cairo, . . XXXVII 

! Cutting J. &: Sons, Crystal Ice, . XXXVII 

Cairo Democrat, ." . . XXXVII 



Halliday Bros., com. mers., . XXXVII 
Trover & Miller, . . . XXXVII 
Williamson C. D. & Co., . . XXXVII 
Haydock R.M., forwarding and com. 

merchants, . . . XXXVIII 
Humphreys J. B. & Co., druggists 

and chemists, whol, . XXXVIII 

Cairo Morning News, . . XXXVIII 
Cairo City Mills, Charles Galligher 

& Co., XXXIX 

Cairo Iron Works, Reed & Mann, XXXIX 
Cairo City Liquor Store, P. T. Kirby, XXXIX 
Schuttler W. H., wines, liquors and 

cigars, XXXIX 

Smith W. L., lumber, lath and shingles,XXXIX 
Able Daniel & Co., com. and forward- 
ing merchant?, . . . XXXIX 

Reader House, Samuel C. Thompson, 

propr., . . . . . XXXIX 
Bailey & Sawyer, dry goods, clothing, 

groceries, etc., . . . XL 

Canton Agricultural Works, Parlin & 

Orendorff, .... XL 

Bruce J. Dr., .... XL 

Canton Weekly Register, Davison & 

Nicolet, proprs., . . . XLI 
Fulton County Ledger, S. Y. Thornton, 

propr., .... XLI 

Carboudale Times, J. A. Hull, propr., XLI 

Carlinville Free Democrat, H. M. 

Kimball, propr., . . . . "> XLI 

The Constitution and Union, . . XLII 

McKinley & Burnham, lawyers, etc., XLII 

Wilson Bros., bankers, . . . XLII 


Vermilion County Plaindealer, Daniel 

Clapp, propr., . . ... XLII 


Burt C. S. & S., Eagle Combined 

Reaper and Mower, . . XLII 


Republican and Telegraph, J. S. Board- 
man, propr. XLII 
Empire Works, wool carding, etc., . XLIII 

E. A. Ellsworth, dry goods, patent 

medicines, etc., etc., . . XLIII 

Collins' Patent Com Cultivator, W. C. 

Day, manufacturer, . . XLIII 

Freeport Weekly Journal, Judson & 

McClure, proprs., . . . XLII 
Fire & Tornado Ins. Co., D. W. C. 

Tanner, Secretary, . . XLIV 


)eSoto Houae, Ed. Wainey, propr., XLIV 

iarahall George A., attorney, . . XLIV 
)aily Galena Democrat, L. L. Everett, 

editor, .... XLIV 

Galena Daily Gazette, James B. Brown, XLIV 


leed, Babcock & Co., dealers in hard- 
ware and cutlery, . . . XLV 

tfyers Sydney & Co., bankers, . XLV 

Galesburg Free Democrat, J. H. Sher- 
man, propr., .... XLV 

Knox County Observer, Louis V. Taft, 

propr., v -*. x . . . . XLV 

Bergen & Sisaon'a Patent Seed 

Planter, .... XLVI 

ity Foundry, J. B. Frost & Co., props, XL VIII 

McLaren & Van Schaack, shelf and 

housekeepers' hardware, . XLVIII 

Brown's Illinois Corn Planter, George 

W. Brown, propr., . . XLIX 

Union Advocate, James S. Hosford, 

propr., XLIX 

Geneseo Republican, Hobb & Sieber- 

kuecht, proprs., . . . XLIX 


Eagle Brewery, E. Porter's pale, cream, 

and stock ale, .... L 

Joliet Signal, C. & 0. Zarley, proprs., LI 
Joliet Republican, Joseph L. Braden, LI 

Capps J. & Son, satinets, tweeds, 

jeans, etc., .... LI 

Jacksonville Journal, H. Barden, propr. LI 
Jacksonville Sentinel, J. R. Bailey, 

propr., . . . . LI 

Jonesboro Tannery, Goodall & Co., 

proprs., . . . . . LI 


Eoon H. C. & Co., dealers in agricul- 
tural implements, ... LI 
Davis A. E., lumber, lath, shingles, &c. LII 

Insurance Agency, E. B. Mason, agent, LII 

Macomb Weekly Journal, J. K. Magie, 

propr., LII 

Macomb Eagle, Nelson Abbott, propr., LII 

James Mclntyre, hardware, stoves, etc., LII 

Littlefield E. & Co., banking house, . LII 


Monmouth Atlas, J. S. Clark, propr., LII 
Monmouth Review, A. H. Swain, editor 

and publisher, .... LII 

Worthington Edward L., notary public, LIII 

Kay Wilson S., attorney at law, . LXVII 




RobinionU. E., jr., attorney, war claim 
agt., &c., 


Eclipse Stove Works, Jame? II. Bai.i, 


Franklin House and Restaurant, Wil- 
liam Aird, propr., 


Whitney & Canby, attorneys and Real 
estate agta., 

Olney Weekly Journal, A. W. Haw- 
kins, propr., . 


Ottawa Republican, T. Hampton, propr. 

Ottawa Free Trader, William Osamn, 



Logansport, Peoria & Burlington Rail- 
road, for Toledo, Ft. Wayne, Lo- 
gansport, Peoria, Burlington, and 
intermediate points, H. F. Clark, 

Peoria, Marine & Fire Insurance Com- 
pany, C. Holland, Secretary, 


Hatcher W. L., livery, sale and ex- 
LIII I change stable, .... 
Gould & Allen, Quincy planing mill, 
Quincy Daily Whig and Republican, 

James J. Langdon, propr. 
k* J Gardner'! Improved Patent Governor, 
for steam engines, Gardener & 
Robertson, propr., 











opposite title page 

Dewein Valentine & Co., dealers in sad- 
dlery hardware, &c., 

Heneberry M., celebrated rectified 
whiskey and Domestic Liquors, . 

Ournee D. & Co., dealer in leather, 
findings, and saddlery hardware, . 

Fowler & Curtiss, agr'l machine mnfr., 

McCulloch & Taggart, att'ys at law &c., 

Hiram G. Farrell, foreign and domes- 
tic drugs, &c., 

Peoria Transcript, Emery & Andrews, 






Peoria Morning Mail, Chas. H. Wright, 

propr. LVII 

Peru wtekly Herald, N. Supp, pub., LVII 

Duff & Cowan, real eitate brokers and 

collecting agts., . . . LVIII 
Pontiac Sentinel, Collins & Decker, 

proprs., .... LVIII 

Tazewell Republican, Wm. W. Sellers, 


Rufus C. Benedict, jr., marble worker, 

&c., LVIII 

Illinois French Tanning, George W. 

Hatch, propr., 
Bureau County Republican, John W. 

Bailey, propr., . . . LIX 

Bureau County Patriot, Chas. L. Smith, 

& Co. LIX 

Quincy Tribune, gerinan, Charles Rot- 
teck, propr., 

Quincy Savings Bank and Exchange 
Bunking House, U. S. Penfield, 
cashier, .... 

Henry Ridder, dealer in stores, tin, 
hollow ware, &c., . 

Bartlett S. M., undertaker, 

Quincy Herald, Brooks & Cadoean, 
proprs., .... 

Stegmiller V., boiler and sheet iron 

works, .... LXIII 

Brown J. W., watches, jewelry, silver 

ware, &c., . / LXIII 

Star Nurseries, Green House and Flow- 
er Garden, AMo Sommer, propr., LXIII 

Seger S. E., wholesale grocer, &c., LXIII 
Senger P'rederick, mnfr. of furniture, 

&c., LXIII 

Williams John, boiler mkr. and copper- 
smith, .... . LXIV 

Tillson Robert & Co., dealers in leather, 

saddles, &c., .... LXIV 

Wills J. R., engraver, . . LXIV 


Rockford Brewery, Jonathan Peacock, 

Rockford Weekly Register, E. C. 

Dougherty, propr. 

The Evening Argus, Danforth & Jones*, 







Thornton W. F. & Son, bankers, &c., LXV 


Thompson George S., att'y for U. S. 

military claims, . * . . LXV 
George F. & Son, whol. boots and 

shoes, LXV 

Illinois State Register, steam book and 

job printing house, . . LXVI 

Illinois State Journal, Baker & Phillips, 

propr., LXVI 

Manning House, Wm. Siemens, propr., LXVII 

Western Union Insurance Company, II. 

A. Munson, secretary, . . LXVI 
Munson H. A. & Co., bankers, . LXVII 


Sheldon & Jaqnes, atty-. and counsel- 
on at law, . ' . . . LXVII 


[As it would be impossible in a work of this kind to insert an entire History of Illinois, we insert a sketch Of 
Ita origin, settlement, agricultural and mineral resources, size, geographical position, and other data of interest to 
the citizens of this Great Prairie State.] 

THE STATE OF ILLINOIS was, originally, a part of Florida, and belonged to Spain, and was 
so laid down upon the old Spanish map of North America. The Spaniards, led on by the 
daring Fernando de Soto, were the first Europeans who had discovered the Mississippi ; they 
had erected the standard of Spain on its shores in the year 1541, and, according to the views 
at that time prevailing, had thus established the title of their country to the whole of that 
vast /egion watered by its tributary streams, so that henceforth the State of Illinois became 
a Sptmish colony, and its native inhabitants vassals of the Spanish crown. But, although the 
Spaniards claimed the State by right of possession, its settlement was never entered upon by 
them, but was first carried into effect by the French. 

At the time this State was ceded to England, the French portion of the population 
amounted to about 3000 souls. They resided along the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers, and 
their largest towns were Kaskaskia and Cabokia, of which the former contained about 100, 
and the latter about 50 families. Other small villages were in their vicinity, and one at Peo- 
ria, on the Illinois River. Prairie Du Rocher contained 14 families, and Prairie Du Pont, a 
short distance from Gahokia, about as many. Another considerable settlement, was in and 
about Fort Chartres ; but the whole did not exceed 3000 individuals. The French settlements 
were laid out by common consent on the same plan or system. The blocks were about three 
hundred feet sqnare, and each block contained four lots. The streets were rather narrow, but 
always at right angles. Lots in the old times were enclosed by cedar posts or pickets, planted 
about two feet in the ground and extending five feet above. These pickets were placed 
touching each other, the whole forming a light and safe paling around each proprietor's lot. 
The upper ends of the pickets were sharpened, so that it was rather difficult to get over the 
the fence. A neat gate was generally made in the fence opposite to the door of the house, 
and the whole concern was kept clean and neat. 

Each village had a tract of land for common fields, containing several thousand acres, 
which was surrounded by a common fence, each family possessing a separate and well-defined 
portion of the land exclusively for itself. Besides this, a common, which contained frequent- 
ly seveial thousand acres, and in which each villager had a joint, instead of a separate interest, 
was appended to every village for wood and pasturage. Each proprietor of land was bound 
to make and keep in repair the fences in his land. 

The French in those days mostly sowed spring wheat. Sometimes wheat was sowed late 
in the fall. Indian corn was not so much cultivated as wheat, or used as much by the inhabit- 
ant". A species of Indian or hominy corn was raised for the voyagers, which was an article 
of commerce. The French did not use Indian corn meal t for bread to any great extent, but 
raised it for stock and to fatten hogs. 

The French houses were generally one story high, and made of wood. A few of them 
were of stone. There was not a single brick house in the country for one hundred or more 
years from its first settlement. These houses were formed of large posts or timbers, the posts 
being three or four feet apart in many of them. In others the posts were closer together, and 
the intervals filled up with a mortar mnde of common clay and cut straw. The mortar filled 


18 JOHN c. w. BAILEY'S 

up the cracks, so that the wall was even and regular. The whole wall, outside and inside, was 
usually whitewashed with fine lime, so that these houses presented a clean, neat appearance. 
The other class of houses having the posts further apart, the spaces were filled up with punch- 
eons. The posts were grooved for the puncheons to fit in. These houses were used for 
gtables, barns, &c., &c. The covering of the houses, stables, &c., were generally of straw, or 
long grass cut in the prairie. All the houses had porticoeg around them, the posts of which 
were generally of cedar or mulberry. A garden was assigned to each house. The doors were 
plain batton work, of walnut usually. The windows were generally glazed, and the sash 
opened and shut on hinges. Close by the houses were neat clean wells, nicely walled with 
stone, having a windlass fixed in them, so that water was convenient and clean. 

The State of Illinois, although ceded in 1763, continued in the possession of France until 
1765, when Captain Stirling, sent by Gen. Gage, then commander-in-chief of the British forces 
in America, to take possession of the territory, arrived, and assumed its government in the 
name of His Britannic Majesty. He established his headquarters at Fort Chartres, and issued 
a royal proclamation, granting to the Roman Catholic subjects of His Majesty the free and un- 
disturbed exercise of their religion, according to the rites of the Roman Catholic Church, as 
it had already been granted to the Canadians. 

Captain Stirling was succeeded by Major Farmer, and the latter superseded by Col. Reed, 
in 1766. Col. Reed remained also but a short time, and was succeeded by Lieutenant-Colonel 
Wilkins, who arrived at Kaskaskia, on the 5th of September, 1768. Ever since the occupa- 
tion of the territory by the British, the administration of justice had been in the hands of the 
military commandant, which caused no little annoyance to the publie, and occasioned frequent 
complaints. A Civil Court, consisting of seven judges, was afterwards established, but trial 
by jury being refused, it did not become popular. 

Arthur St. Clair, %i officer of the Revolutionary army, who had served with some distinc 
tion, was appointed the first Governor and Commander-in-chief of the Territory. 

The white population of the Territory was but small : that of Illinois had remained station- 
ary. Struck with the fertility of the soil of Illinois, several of the soldiers of Col. Clarke settled 
jn that country. They were the earliest American settlers in. Illinois. They lived mostly in sta- 
tions, or block-house forts,which they had been compelled to erect for their protection, since the 
Indians committed great depredations on the habitations of the new settlers. The general con- 
g truct5on of those block-house forts were about this : The lowest order of these forts was a single 
house, strongly built, a story and a half or two storus high. The lower story was provided 
with port-holes to shoot through, and also with substantial puncheon doors, three or four 
inches thick, with strong bare, to prevent the Indians from entering. The second story pro- 
j ected over the first three or four feet, and had holes in the floor, outside the lower story, to 
shoot down at the Indiani attempting to enter. 

Another higher grade of pioneer fortifications was made thus : four large, strong block-houses, 
fashioned as above, were erected at the four corners of a square lot of ground, as large as the 
necessities of the people required. The intervals between these block-houses were filled up 
with large timbers, placed deep in the ground, and extending twelve or fifteen feet above the 
surface. Within these stockades were cabins built for the families to reside in. A well of 
water, or a spring, was generally found to be necessary in these foris. In perilous times the 
horses were admitted into the forts for safe keeping. Generally there were two strong gates 
to these garrisons, with bars in proportion, to secure the doors against the savages. Port- 
holes were cut out in the stockades at about seven feet high, and platforms raised to stand on 
when shooting. 

The timber in the vicinity of these forts was carefully cleared off, so as to afford no hiding- 
places to the Indians. In the mornings it was often dangerous to open the gates and walk out. 
The Indians frequently attacked the milking parties and others first going out of the fort. Sen- 
tinels were kept up all night in dangerous times. 

The customs of these early American settlers were much on the French model, extremely 
gay, polite, and merry. 


In personal appearance these pioneers were rough and unrefined, yet were they kind, social, 
and generous. They were brave, energetic and hospitable, and ready to share with their 
neighbors or newly-arrived strangers their last loaf. 

Their habits and manners were plain, simple, and unostentatious. Their dwellings were 
log cabins of the simplest structure, their furniture, utensils and dress were also as simple and 
economical s possible. 

For clothing, dressed deer-skins were extensively used, for hunting-shirts, pants, legginsand 
moccasins ; the red skin of the prairie wolf or fox was converted into the hat or cap. Dressed 
skins of the buffalo, bear and elk furnished the covering of their beds. Wooden vessels were 
used instead of bowls. A gourd formed the drinking-cup. 

The American settlers were hunters and stock-growers, raising, besides a small amount of 
wheat, chiefly corn, which was beaten for bread in the mortar, and ground on a grater, or in a 
hand mill. 

Many of these settlers observed the Sabbath with an austerity that would have become a 

To the French, on the other hand, the Sabbath always had been, and still was a day of 
hilarity and pleasure. They would strictly attend mass in the morning and practice their de- 
votions in the church ; and in the afternoon would assemble in parties at private houses for 
gay social intercourse, when cards, dances, and various sports, made the time pass. Intempe- 
rance, either in eating or drinking, was never witnessed among them. 

Up to the year 1818 the population of the Territory of Illinois had increased to about 50,000 
inhabitants. At the commencement of that year the people of the Territory unanimously re- 
solved to have Illinois admitted into the Union as an independent State, and ordered Na'haniel 
Pope, their delegate to Congress, to take measures to that effect. Nathaniel Pope brought the 
subject at once before Congress, and reported a bill thereon. About that time the danger, al- 
ready vaguely apprehended before, of the dissolution of the Confederate States of the Republic, 
had assumed a very threatening aspect. Nathaniel Pope justly observed, that if Illinois, which, 
by reason of the great extent of its territory, its fertile soil, and the facilities it offered for 
the support of a crowded population, was destined to become a chief instrument either in the 
preservation or in the dissolution of the Union, was given a large boundary on the Northern 
Lakes, the increase of the commerce on which was very confidently expected, then, united as 
Illinois already was by the bonds of interest to the States west of the Mississippi, it would also, 
become connected by the closest ties of business and commerce with the Eastern States, and 
thus be bound to sustain the Federal Union forever ; whilst, on the other hand, if no such ex - 
tensive territory should be given to her, the interests of the State would compel her to enrol 
herself among the States of the new Southwestern confederacy, whenever the Union should 
be dissolved. Nathaniel Pope's views met the full approbation of Congress, and the bill, in 
virtue of which the Territory of Illinois was to be raised to the rank of an independent State, 
was passed as a law, in the month of April, 1818 ; it granted to Illinois the extension of her 
northern boundary to the parallel of 42 30' north latitude, and the privilege of applying 
the money arising from the sale of the public lands, to the encouragement of learning within 
the borders of the State. 

Congress having passed this act, a Convention, of which Elias K. Kane, a lawyer, was the 
leading member, was convoked during the summer of 1818 in Illinois, to form its Constitution. 
By this Constitution the Governor and Lieutenant-Governor were required to have been citi- 
zens of the United States for 30 years previous to their election. The qualifications for the 
office of Lieutenant-Governor were afterwards so far modified that any citizen of the United 
States who had resided in the State for two years, could be elected to that office. Power was 
vested in the Governor to nominate, and in the Senate to confirm all officers, except those 
whose appointments had already been provided for by the Constitution, including also the 
Judges of the Supreme and Inferior Courts, State Treasurer, and Public Printer. The Con- 
vention, however, in order to please a favorite of theirs, inserted a schedule in the Consti- 
tution, declaring "that an Auditor, Attorney-General, and other officers of the State, may be 


appointed by the General Assembly." This schedule was productive of innumerable intrigues 
and quarrels between the Governors and the Legislature, which ended in the Legislature, who 
had at first contented themselves with electing an Auditor and Attorney General, depriving 
the Governor, as was the case with Gov. Duncan, of the power of appointing any public offi- 
cers, except notaries public, and public administrators. 

Shadrach Bond, a farmer by occupation, and a son of plain common sense, without pre- 
tensions to a refined education, who had already been several times elected to the Territorial 
Legislature, and once as a delegate of the Territory of Congress, was elected the first Gov- 
ernor, and entered upon the discharge of his duties in October, 1818. At the same time, the 
Legislature assembled in Kaskaskia. In his first message to the Legislature, he earnestly re- 
commands the construction of the canal, which was to run through Illinois, and to connect the 
Mississippi with Lake Michigan. He died in the year 1834. 

The Legislature convened in Kaskaskia elected Joseph Philips, a lawyer by profession, who 
bad been a captain in the United States Army, and afterwards Secretary of State to the Ter- 
ritory, as Chief Justice; and John Reynolds, Thomas C. Brown, and William P. Foster, (the 
latter, however, soon resigned his office,) as Associate Justices of the Supreme Court. Ninian 
Edwards, and Jesse B. Thomas, who had been chosen President of the Convention, were 
elected first Senators. Daniel P. Cook was appointed first Attorney-General, Elias K. Kane, 
Secretary of State, John Thomas, State Treasurer, and Elijah C. Berry, Auditor of Public 

The State of Illinois extends about 150 miles from east to west, by 400 from north to south. 
Such a disproportion in the geographical figure of a State, is certain to create a separate 
northern and southern interest, even if the people of such a State were of a common stock, 
w<hich, not being the case with the people of Illinois, will sufficiently account for their frequent 
disinclination to agree upon the adoption of such a policy, and such measures of government, 
as would have best suited the interests of the State, and aided in relieving her from the cala- 
mities, under which she was then suffering. The settlers of the southern portion of the State 
were chiefly people from the Slave States, those of the northern section principally New 
Yorkers and New Englanders. Many of the inhabitants of the neighboring Slave States, who 
were poor, and did not relish a residence in a slave country, where the very negroes were 
wont to stigmatize them as the poor white folks, bad removed to Illinois where the immigra- 
i tion of slaveholders was strictly forbidden. The greater part of them were an honest and 
^hospitable people, indifferent to wealth, and fond of social enjoyment. 

The settlers of the northern part of the State, on the other hand, were industrious people 
from the Eastern States, enterprising farmers, manufacturers, or merchants, who, by their 
restless energy and activity, soon converted the howling wilderness into a region covered with 
farms, churches, and villages, so that their settlements, though founded at a later period than 
those of the southern part, were soon ahead of the latter in point of civilization ; and their 
sucotess will sufficiently explain the mutual hatred of the southern and northern settlers. 


Situated in the centre of the United States, the State of Illinois extends from 37 to 42 
30' latitude North, and from 87 49' to 91 28' longitude West of Greenwich, or from 10 47* 
to 14 26' longitude West of Washington. Illinois is bounded on the North-east by Lake 
Michigan ; on the East by Indiana, from a part of which it is separated by the Wabash river 
on the South by Kentucky and Missouri, being separated from Kentucky by the Ohio, and 
from Missouri by the Mississippi ; on the West by Missouri, from which it is also separated 
by the Mississippi; on the Northwest by Iowa, the Mississippi constituting the common 
boundary of both States, and on the North by Wisconsin. 

The whole length of the Illinoisian frontier amounts to 1,160 miles, 855 of which are 
formed by navigable waters, as Lake Michigan, the Wabash, Ohio and Mississippi. The 
greatest length of the State, from South to North, from Cairo to Wisconsin, amounts to 378 
miles ; its greatest bre.adth to 212 miles. The area of tbc State is computed at 55,405 square 


miles, or 35,459,200 acres 1,833,412 of which are so-called swamp-lands; the 
33,625,788 acres, being tillable, and the most part of them having a soil of unsurpassed 

Illinois communicates by means of the St. Lawrence with the Atlantic ocean, and by the 
Mississippi with the Gulf of Mexico. 

The State of Illinois forms the lower part of that slope in which is embraced the greater 
part of the State of Indiana, and of which Lake Michigan, with its shores, constitutes the 
upper part. The lowest point of this slope and of the State is the city of Cairo, situated 
about 350 feet above the level of the Gulf of Mexico, at the conflux of the Ohio and Missis- 
sippi, in the extreme southern portion of the State ; hence, the highest place in Illinois being 
situated only 800 feet above the level of the sea, it will appear that the whole State, though 
containing several hilly sections, is a very level plain ; being, with the sole exception of 
Delaware and Louisiana, the flattest country in the Union. 

Illinois is more than forty times as great as the State of Rhode Island in its area, con- 
taining but 10,720 square miles less than the entire New England States. None but the 
following States possess a greater area: Virginia having 61,852, Georgia 58,000, Florida 
59,268, Missouri 67,380, Michigan 56,243, California 188,981, and Texas 237,321 square miles : 
but if California shall yet be divided into Upper and Lower California, and Texas, as at 
the time of its annexation was provided for, into five different States, then Illinois, as far 
as regards its area, will rank fifth among the States of the Union. Illinois seems to be 
destined, within a short time, 'to play a great role in the United States, being entitled to this 
not only by the vastness of its area and its excellent geographical position, but also by the 
fertility of its easily cultivated soil, the multitude of its rivers and fine railroads, and the 
rapid increase of its population, together with the enterprise and intelligence of its citizens. 

The principal rivers of the State of Illinois are 

The Illinois River, which, formed by the conflux of the Kankakee and Des Moines about 
fifty miles south-west of Chicago, during a course of 500 miles, receives several other rivers, 
as the Fox River, the Spoon River, the Crooked Creek, Mackinaw, Sangamon, and the Ver- 
milion, from the south, besides several others. The Illinois River is deep and broad, extend- 
ing at several places, as at Peoria, where it forms a basin called then Peoria Lake, to such a 
breadth as to present the appearance of a sea. It was first navigated in the year 1828 by a 

Rock River, rising in Wisconsin, pursues a course of 300 miles, being navigable to some 
extent ; there are, however, several rapids in the upper part of its course. A great part of 
the country through which Rock River funs is an undulating prairie, with a rich soil, though 
with but few forests. 

The Kaskaskia, a navigable river, rising in Champaign county, after a run to the south. 
west of more than 300 miles, empties its waters into the Mississippi, about 120 miles above 
the mouth of the Ohio. Kaskaskia River was already, in the year 1837, navigated by steam- 
boats as far as Carlisle. Its banks, for an extent varying from two to ten miles, are richly 
garnished with woods and forests of oaks, hickory, ash, maple, elm and acaciu trees. The 
country through which the river winds its course is undulating and fertile. 

The Big Muddy River, in the south-westera portion of the State, has various sources, 
constituting at their conflux the river above named, which, after a run to the south-west, 
discharges its waters into the Mississippi. The country through which it runs is undulating 
and wooded, offering great advantages to agriculture and the breeding of cattle. 

JZmbarras River, in the eastern part of the State, takes its rise near the source of the 
Kaskaskia, and runs southerly, discharging its waters into the Wabash about six miles below 
Vincennes. The land along Embarras River is not everywhere of the same good quality, 
consisting at the origin of the river chiefly of prairie lands, and further north of Charleston, 
of forests garlanding the banks of the river at a breadth varying between two and six miles, 
extending even to ten miles below that place. 

lAttle Wabash River, rising also near the source of the Kaskaskia, runs south, emptying its 
waters into the Great Wabash, in Gallatin county. Its banks, for an extent of several miles, 


are garnished with good and heavy timber; at intervals poplars can be found. The country 
adjacent to this river is fertile, exposed, however, to inundations from the river. 

Sangamon River, rising in McLean county, runs south-west, constituting during the latter 
part of its course the boundary line between Monroe and Cass counties, and emptying its 
waters into Illinois River. The country watered by the Sangamon is one of the richest, being 
quite level, and having excellent soil. 

Apple River, rising in Jo Daviess county, near the Wisconsin frontier, has a rocky bed, and 
is very rapid, running south-west, and flowing into the Mississippi about twenty miles below 
Galena. The adjacent bottom-lands have excellent soil; the more elevated country in its 
yicinity being hilly, its banks woody, and the country around its springs undulating. 

Chicago River, consisting of two branches, the more considerable one of which is that 
running North, and both of them flowing together within the city of Chicago, empties its 
waters into Lake Michigan. 

" DCS Plaines River, rising in Wisconsin, at the distance of a few miles from Lake Michigan, 
runs south, and is a tributary of Illinois River by the union of its waters with those of the 
Kankakee. Its banks are tufted with frequent groves, the country around it being well 
watered, and the soil very rich. 

Du Page River, in the north-eastern section of the State, consists of two branches, empty- 
ing their united waters into the Des Plaines River, three miles above the confluence of the 
latter with the Kankakee. 

The Cash River, in the southern portion of the State, formed by the union of several small 
streams, flows into the Ohio, six miles above the junction of the latter with the Mississippi, 
The alluvial land along Cash River, wherever it is not exposed to inundation, possesses a rich 
soil and heavy timber. 

The Edwards River, rising in the midst of the prairies of Henry county, runs westward, 
through Mercer county, to the Mississippi. The country around it consists of undulating 
prairie-lands, intersected by shady groves, and well supplied with water. 

The Fever River, rising in Jo Daviess county, consists of two branches, and empties its 
waters into the Mississippi, about seven miles south of Galena. Its channel is rocky, and its 
course very rapid. On the eastern branch there is little wood, but excellent prairies, and 
mines yielding an abundant supply of lead. There is more wood on the western branch, the 
alluvial country around which has a rich soil. The name of the river has been derived from 
the fevers said to prevail in the vicinity of its banks ; whilst others have called it Bean River 
(in French Rivi&re de la F&ve), either of which is incorrect, the river having been named by a 
Frenchman of the name of Le Fevre, who at an early period settled at the mouth of the 

Fox River, on the banks of which fine forests may be found, rises in Wisconsin, flowing, 
near Ottawa, into the Illinois. 

Another river of the same name runs south, a tributary of the Little Wabash, into which it 
empties its waters. The land along its banks is not very excellent. 

A third river of the same name, in White county, runs, after a short course, into the Great 

Grretn River, rising in the swamps of the northern counties, runs west, through Henry 
county, into Rock River. The country below the swamps is good, consisting of both wocds 
and prairies. 

Henderson River, rising in Knox county, runs south-west, receiving during its course several 
small streams, and flowing into the Mississippi. Fine forests grow on its banks, the country 
around which is among the most fertile in Illinois. 

Iroquois River, rising in the north-western section of Indiana, runs north-west, becoming 
a tributary of the Illinois by discharging its waters into the Kankakee. The country through 
which the Iioquois runs is undulating; the soil a little sandy, but rich ; timber to be found 
in sufficient quantity. 

The Kankakee, one of the principal tributary rivers of the Illinois, rising in Indiana, runs 
west, receiving the Iroquois and Des Plaines rivers. Woods are but rarely to be met with on 
its banks, the prairies around which are slightly undulating, having a rich soil. 


The JKickapoo consists of two branches, after the conflux of which it pursues a southerly 
direction, discharging its waters into the Illinois, two miles below Peoria. On both its 
branches there is much excellent land, intersected with groups of forests, the ground being 
rather hilly. 

The Kishwaukee, or Sycamore, formed by the junction of several small waters, some of 
whih rise in Wisconsin, others in the northern counties of Illinois, discharges the waters of 
its three principal branchss, after their combination, in Rock River. Its banks have but 
little wood ; the prairie along the eastern branch is flat and fertile ; and the country along the 
southern and northern branches undulating, and remarkable for its very rich,'deep, black soil, 
and its beds of lime and coal. 

The Kite River, in Ogle county, runs west, flowing into Rock River, about two miles 
below Oregon. The country is very level, and the soil very fine ; woods, among which are 
many poplars, can be found at intervals. 

The Leaf River, in Ogle county, also empties its waters into Rock River. The land 
adjoining its banks is rich, calcareous, and woody at intervals. 

Little Rock River, rising in Jo Daviess county, flows into Rock River. On its banks there 
is much excellent soil. 

The Mackinaw (Michilimackinac), riding in the prairies of McLean county, and receiving 
several small brooks, runs through Tazewell county into the Illinois river, three miles below 
Pekin. The adjacent bottom-lands have a rich soil. Timber, especially white oak and cedar, 
may be found. The prairies of the country are undulating and dry. Towards the sources of 
the river, the number of species of woods increases, whilst the soil is very good. 

The Mauvaise Terre, in Morgan county, runs west, meeting Illinois River about two miles 
below Naples. Although from the name of the river (M,auvaise Terre, " poor land,") one 
might infer that the soil of the adjacent country is of a very bad quality, this is not the case ; 
the country, on the contrary, surpassing many other sections in fertility, and has the 
advantage of having a just proportion between prairie and forest, as also a remarkable 
salubrity of waters. 

The Peek-a-ton-o-kee rises in Wisconsin, in two separate branches, which, after their conflux, 
flows into Illinois to meet Rock River. 

The Plum River, the country surrounding the banks of which has a fine soil, with both 
wood and prairie, runs through Jo Daviess county into the Mississippi. 

Pope's River, rising in the great prairies in the southern part of Henry county, runs west 
through Mercer county, discharging its waters into the Mississippi, a few miles below the 
mouth of Edwards' River. The adjacent country is very good, but destitute of forests; on 
the banks of the river, towards the end of its course, there are, however, some extensive 
woods, while its upper banks are surrounded by prairies. 

Saline River, in Saline and Gallatin counties, consists of three branches, discharging their 
united waters into the Ohio, twelve miles below Shawneetown. 

SenatcJwine River, on the banks of which there is much good land, both wood and prairie, 
runs through Peoria county into Illinois River, about twenty miles above Peoria. 

The Sinsinaway, rising in Wisconsin, runs south-west into the Mississippi, about six miles 
above Fever River. Timber on its banks is very rare ; only now and then some cedars and 
pines may be found. 

Small-pox River, rising south-east of Galena, runs west into the Mississippi, close by the 
mouth of Fever River. On its banks, near the place where it flows into the Mississippi, much 
valuable timber may be found. 

The Snycartee, a branch of the Mississippi, whence it flows, in the southern portion of 
Adams county, running for about fifty miles parallel with, and five miles from, the Missisippi, 
to meet it again in Calhoun county, forms, with the Mississippi, an island, consisting of alluvial 
land, not destitute either of forest or prairie, but frequently exposed to inundations. 

Spoon River consists of an eastern and western branch, both of which, having received a 
multitude of creeks, unite ; whereupon the river takes a southern direction to meet the Illinois, 
opposite Havana. On its batiks there are many extensive woody tracts; the soil of the 
adjoining country is of unsurpassed excellence. The prairies near by the river are undulating, 
dry and fertile. 

24 JOHN c. w. BAILEY'S 

St. Mary's River, rising in Perry county, discharges its waters into the Mississippi six 
miles below the mouth of the Kaskaskia. 

The Sugar River, rising in Wisconsin, runs southerly to meet the Peek-a ton-o-kee. The 
land upon its banks is of good quality ; the country between Rock and Sugar rivers very 

Turtle River, rising in Wisconsin, flows near the boundary into Rock River. 
Vermilion River, rising in Livingston county, runs through La Salle county, emptying into 
Illinois River. Towards its springs the country is nearly level, having a rich soil and vast 
prairie.*, b,ut very little wood. In the vicinity of the river, and near the bluffs*, are many 
extensive coal mines, of which those situated in the direction of the Illinois River reach a 
depth of 100 feet' also beds of sand, and lime, and a kind of stone used as whetstone, may 
here be found. 

Big Vermilion River, proceeding in three different branches through Champaign and Ver- 
milion counties, falls, in Indiana, into the Wabash. Its banks are garnished with a wood 
from one to two mileg broad ; the adjacent prairies are dry, rolling and fertile. 

Little Vermilion River, rising in the southern part of Vermilion county, runs al&o into the 
Wabash in Indiana. On its banks fine forests may be found. 

Wood River, rising in Macoupin county, runs through Madison county, discharging its 
waters nearly opposite the mouth of the Missouri, into the Mississippi. The land through 
which it runs is of superior quality. 

Illinois has, -besides these streams, a multitude of rivulets, the banks of which, as well as 
those of the rivers mentioned above, consist of alluvial, and consequently very fertile soil, so 
that neither in the Union, nor anywhere else on earth, could be found a State of equal size 
with Illinois rivalling the latter in the fertility and superior quality of its soil. 

Of lakes, none of any great magnitude can be found in Illinois ; that portion of Lake 
Michigan*- bounding the State being comparatively but small, so that this lake, the navigation 
of which has contributed so much to the advancement of Illinois, cannot be properly con- 
sidered as belonging to the State. 

The only sheet of water, that in a measure might lay claim to the name of a lake, is Peoria 
Lake, which, however, as was mentioned when Illinois River was spoken of, is nothing but an 
enlargement of this river ; none of the other waters deserve this name at all, except Crystal 
Lake, but should rather be called ponds. 

There are also a number of Creeks, of which probably Crooked Creek may be considered 
the largest and most important, rising in numerous branches in McDonough and Hancock 
counties, and near the borders of Warren, runs a southern course through McDonough and 
Schuyler counties, and enters the Illinois in Section 13, one south, one west, six miles below 

An artificial aqueduct, that has likewise considerably accelerated the advancement of 
Illinois, is yet to be mentioned. The Illinois and Michigan Canal extends from Chicago to 
Peru, a distance of one hundred miles, connecting thus the Lake of Michigan with the Illinois ; 
it is 6 feet deep, 70 feet broad at the top, and 36 at the bottom. 

What distinguishes the State of Illinois from all the other States of the Union are its 
immense prairies; from which it has been exclusively called the "Prairie State." We do 
not intend to give in this geographical sketch a detailed description of the nature of a prairie, 
but setting apart a special chapter for this, we shall here only mention the principal prairies 
those known under peculiar names. 

The most considerable of these prairies is the Grand Prairie, comprehending all prairie- 
lands between the rivers flowing into the Mississippi and those meeting the Wabash. The 
prairie itself does not consist of one single continuous extensive tract of land, but of many 
different prairies, separated one from the other by a range of woods, while the prairies, in 
their turn, stretch between the usually woody banks of the rivers and creeks. The most 
southerly portion of the great prairie is situated in the north-east section of Jackson county, 
extending north-easterly from the Mississippi, with a breadth varying from two to ten and 
more miles, through Perry, Washington, Jefferson, Marion, Fay^tte, Clay, Effingham, Shelby, 

*The greatest length of Lake Michigan is 860 miles ; its greatest breadth, 103 miles ; mean depth, 300 feet ; 
elevation, 587 feet ; area, 23,000 square miles. 


Moultrie, Cumberland, Coles, Champaign, Vermilion, and Iroquois counties ; here it meets 
the prairies stretching easterly from Illinois River and its tributaries. That portion of these 
prairie-lands lying in Marion county, between Crooked Creek and the eastern branch of the 
Kaskaskia, intersected by the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad, is often exclusively nanmed the 
Grand Prairie. 

The greater portion of the Grand Prairie is slightly undulating, its southern part quite 
level, having many tracts of land of but inferior quality. At the distance of ten or twelre 
miles around, timber is sure to be found ; coal almost everywhere, at no great depth. 

Another prairie, also called Grand Prairie, commences in Crawford county, extending 
north through Clark and Edgar counties to Vermilion. It is not very broad, and at frequent 
intervals is intersected by forest-bordered rivers. 

The soil of the southern and eastern is not as good as that of the northern and western 
portion of these prairies, which, with the exception of those adjacent to the Wabash, have a 
thin and nearly level washy humus. 

Allen's Prairie, in Green county, twelve miles north-east of Carrollton, is fertile, and 
wooded on the banks of the rivers runniug through it. 

Alison's Prairie, in Lawrence county, five miles easterly from Lawrenceville, is some five 
miles by ten. That portion of it adjacent to the Wabash, is humid ; by far the greater por- 
tion of it, however, is dry and fertile. 

Apple- Greek Prairie, in Green county, north of Apple Creek, is from three to four miles 
by ten in extent. Its soil is good. 

Barney's Prairie, in Wabash county, north of Mount Carmel. Fertile. 

Bear Prairie, in Wayne county, east of Fairfield. 

Bettevue Prairie, in Calhoun county, at the foot of the bluffs, ten miles in extent, has a dry 
and fertile soil. 

Big Mound Prairie, Wayne county, west of Fairfield, three miles long, rolling, with a 
thin surface of humus. 

Big Prairie, in White county, three miles square, much mixed with sand, but fertile. 

Boltinghouse Prairie, in Edwards county, south of Albion, extending four miles by three, 
has an undulating, fertile soil. 

Bonpas Prairie, in the same county, north-east of Albion, and about two miles in diame- 
ter. Soil good. 

Brown's Prairw, twelve miles north of Alton, runs through the corners of Macoupin, 
Jersey, and Madison counties, which border upon each other. The soil is dry and fertile. 

Brushy Prairie, in Wajne county, eleven miles east of Fairfield. 

Buckheart Prairie, in Fulton county, north-east of Lewistown, about seven miles long. 

Buck Prairie, in Edwards county, six miles north-east of Albion, two and a-half miles 

Buckhorn Prairie, in Morgan county, about seven miles south of Jacksonville. The soil i* 
rich, a little humid, and very level. 

Bullard's Prairie, in Lawrence county, west of Lawrenceville, is ten miles by two in ex- 
tent, having a second-rate soil. 

Burnt Prairie extends from the north-western section of White into Wayne county. Its 
circumference is not very great ; its soil at intervals good. 

Another prairie of the same name, situated in Edwards county, north-west of Albion, ex- 
tends two miles by six, interspersed with many small groves. Soil good. 

Canton Prairie, in Fulton county, commencing in the vicinity of Spoon River, extends 
northerly till it meets Grand Prairie, near Rock River ; it is rolling, dry, and very fertile, 
with the exception of its northern section, which is of inferior quality. 

Casey's Prairie, in Jefferson county, five miles by two, nearly level ; second-rate soil. 
Christy's Prairie, in Lawrence county, ten miles west of Lawrenceville, rolling, and of 
good average soil. 

Clay's Prairie, in Clark county, eight miles south-west of Darwin. 
Cold Prairie, in St. Glair county, between Belleville and Illinoistown. 

26 JOHN C. W. 

Compstorfs Prairie, in Wabash county, twelve miles west of Mount Carmel, is level, fer- 
tile, but somewhat humid. 

Cotton HUl Prairie, in Sangamon county, twelve miles south of Springfield. 

Cox's Prairie, in Jackson county < north-east of Brownsville ; good rolling prairie. 

Crow Prairie, in Putnam county, twelve miles below Hennepin, six miles by three ; fer- 
tile, and bounded by forests. 

Anotlier prairie of the same name extends, four miles by twelve, along the western bank of 
Illinois River from Putnam into Bureau county ; soil dry and productive. 

Decker's Prairie, in Wabash county, twelve miles north-east of Mount Carmel. 

Diamond Grove Prairie, in Morgan county, south of Jacksonville, containing about six- 
teen square miles, is dry, undulating, and productive. 

Dolson's Prairie, in the western section of Clark county, containing about seventy square 
miles, has a level, humid, clayish soil. 

, Dutch Prairie, in the south-western part of St. Clair county. 

Edmonsorfs Prairie, in McDonough county, six miles south-west of Macomb, ten miles by 

EigJit-mue Prairie^ in Williamson county, eighteen miles south-west of Frankfort ; very 

Elk Prairie, in Perry county, five, miles long, dry and nearly level; second-rate soil. 

Ester's Prairie, in Franklin county, fourteen miles north of Frankfort ; level and dry. 

Flat Prairie, in Randolph county, twenty miles east of Kaskaskia. 

Fork Prairie, in Bond county, north of Greenville ; gently undulating. 

Four-mile Prairie, in Perry county, four miles by seven ; dry, rolling and productive. 

Fourteen-mile Prairie, in Effingham county, east of Livingston ; nearly level, for the moat 
part dry, interspersed with groups of forests. 

Garden Prairie, in Sangamon county, fourteen miles north-west of Springfield, two miles 
by eight ; first-rate soil. 

Granger's Prairie, in the north-western section of Adams county, three miles square ; pos- 
sesses very productive soil. 

Gun Prairie, in Jefferson county, six miles south of Mount Vernon, has a considerable 
circuit, and a fertile soil. 

Hancock Prairie, commencing in Adams county, runs with a breadth varying between ten 
and twenty miles, far north, through Hancock, Henderson, and Warren counties, between 
Henderson and Spoon rivers, being nearly level, and very productive. 

Hargrave^s Prairie, in Wayne county, seven miles by two, is undulating, having but a thin 
surface of .humus. 

Hawkins* Prairie, in Greene county, nine miles south-east of Carrollton. 

fferrori's Prairie is situated in Williamson county. 

Herringtoris Prairie, in Wayne county, eleven miles north-west of Fairfield, eight miles by 
four ; has an undulating surface, and second-rate soil. 

High Prairie, in St. Clair county, eight miles from Belleville ; very productive. 

Hog Prairie, in Hamilton county, situated westerly from McLeansburg ; has a small cir- 
cumference, and a level, humid soil. 

Horse Prairie, in Randolph county ; soil rolling and fertile. 

Illinois Prairie, in Calhoun county, commencing near the mouth of Illinois River, runs, 
twenty miles by two, along the bluffs, having a fertile soil. 

Indian Prairie, in Wayne county, ten miles north-west of Fairfield ; is level, and its soil of 
indifferent quality. 

Jersey Prairie, in Morgan county, ten miles north of Jacksonville, has a rich soil, and is 
bounded by fine timber. 

Jordan's Prairie, in Jefferson county, six miles north of Mount Vernon, five miles by two, 
has a second rate soil. 

KnighCs Prairie, in Hamilton county, west of McLeansboro'. 

Knob Prairie, in Franklin county, north-west of Frankfort, is low and humid. 


La Motte Prairie, in Crawford county, eight miles long, of a breadth which greatly varies ; 
has a somewhat sandy but rich soil. 

La Satte Prairie, in Peoria county, adjacent to Peoria Lake ; the southern section is rolling 
and fertile, though a little sandy ; the northern being more clayish. 

Ltmarde Prairie, in W^yne county, seven miles north-west of Fairfield, is three miles by 
six in extent, having an indifferent soil. 

Little Mount Prairie, in the same county, three miles south-west of Fairfield ; not very 

There are four prairies in the State bearing the name of Long Prairie, of which 

The first is in Wabash county, thirteen miles north-west of Mount Carmel ; undulating, and 
of but inferior quality. 

The second, in Edwards county, north of Albion, is nine miles by two in extent, inter- 
spersed with many groves. 

The third, in Clay county, runs into Wayne county, nine miles by three ; being, properly 
speaking, a branch of Twelve-mile Prairie. It is level, and has but a poor soil. 

The fourth, in Jefferson county, five miles west of Mount Vernon, is four miles by two in 
extent, having a sufficiently good soil. 

Looking-glass Prairie, in St. Clair county, twenty miles long, and from six to ten miles 
wide ; undulating, and very productive, runs into Madison county. 

Lorton's Prairie, in the northern part of Green county, has excellent soil and fine forests. 

Lost Prairie, in Perry county, seven miles west of Pinckneyville, one and a-half miles 
broad and double that length, is high, rolling, and very productive. 

Loup Prairie, in St. Clair county. 

Lucons 1 Prairit, in the southern part of Lawrence county. 

Macon County Prairie, situated north of Decatur, extends between the north branch of 
the Sangamon river and Salt Creek, with a breadth varying from fifteen to twenty miles ; 
some parts of it are levely and humid, others rolling and dry. 

Macoupin Prairie, in Green county, reaches into Jersey county ; gently rolling, havirg a 
rich soil and stately forests near the Illinois river and the Macoupin creek. 

Marshall's Prairie^ in Jackson county, fourteen miles north-east of Brownsville, has a 
rolling and fertile surface. 

Mason's Prairie, in the southern section of Richland county. 

Mill's Prairie, in Edwards county, eleven miles north -east of Albion, is four miles long, 
about two broad ; quite fertile. 

Moore's Prairie, in Jefferson county, south-east of Mount Vernon, eight miles by about 
two. Some parts of it are flat and humid, others dry and gently undulating. 

Another prairie of the same name, situated in St. Clair county, five miles east of Belleville, 
has a diameter of about five miles ; it is nearly level, and fertile. 

Mud Prairie, in Washington county, reaches into Perry county, north-east of Pinckney- 
ville ; it is level and humid. 

Another prairie of the same name lies in Wayne county, north-west of Fairfield ; also low 
and humid. 

A third prairie of the same name (Mud Prairie) is situated in the south-eastern portion of St. 
Clair county. 

Nine-mile Prairie, in Perry county, ten miles east of Pinckneyville. 

North Arm Prairie, in Edgar county, six miles east of Paris, is three miles broad, run- 
ning along the frontier of Indiana, until it meets the grand prairie. Its soil is good. 

North Prairie, in Morgan county, twelve miles north-east of Jacksonville, is dry, undu- 
lating, and very productive. 

. Another prairie of the same name, in the same county, runs along Walnut Creek, and is 

Ogle Prairie, in St. Clair county, five miles north of Belleville, extending one and a-half 
miles by five, is rolling and very fertile. 

Ox-bow Prairie, in Putnam county, ten miles south of Hennepin, five miles by one and 
a-half, surrounded by fine forrests, and ve;y productive. 


Parker's Prairie, in the western section of Clark county, hag a level, humid soil, of inferior 

Philo's Prairie, in Williamson county, twelve miles south of Frankfort ; gently undulating, 
and fertile. 

Plum Greek Prairie reaches from St. Glair into Randolph county^ and is ten miles by three 
in extent. Its soil is good. 

Prairie dn Long, in the south of St. Glair county. 

PratCs Prairie, in Greene county, fifteen miles north-west of Carrollton. 

Rattan's Prairie, in Madison county, seven miles north-west of Edwardsville ; is level, and 
at intervals washy. 

Ridge Prairie, in Madison county, is eight miles by eight, running from near by Edwards- 
ville to St. Glair county ; gently undulating, and very productive. 

RoHitCs Prairie, in Franklin county, north of Frankfort, is six miles long by four broad ; 
it is level and fertile. 

Five different prairies in the State of Illinois bear the name of Round Prairie, of which 

The first is in Schuyler county, four miles in diameter; dry, fertile, and surrounded by 

The second is in Wabash county, north-east of Mount Carmel, with a diameter of four miles : 
has an excellent soil. 

The third is in Bond county, six miles north-west of Greenville, with a diameter of nearly 
two miles : is rolling, very fertile, and surrounded by forests. 

The fourth is in Perry county, about eight miles from Pinckneyville : it has but a small 

The fifth is in Sangamon county, seven miles south-east of Springfield : it is very pro- 

Salt frairie, in Calhoun county, forms a small strip, half a mile broad and six miles long ; 
it is dry and fertile. 

Sand Prairie, in Tazewell county, four miles south of Pekin, has a sandy, good soil. 

Seven-mile Prairie, in White county, seven miles west of Carmi. 

Shipley's Prairie, in Wayne county, five miles south-east of Fairfield, 

Shoal- Creek Prairie runs from Clinton through Bond into Montgomery county, with an 
average breadth of eight miles, gently undulating, and containing much good land. 

/Six's Prairie, in Brown county, seventeen miles south-west of Rushvilfe, is ten miles by 
three in extent, undulating, dry, productive, and surrrounded by woods. 

Six-mile Prairie, in the south-western section of Madison county, consisting of alluvial 
ground, is inclosed by woods, 

Another prairie of the same name is situated in Perry county, nine miles south of Pinckney. 
ville, nine miles long by six broad, with tolerably good soil. 

Smooth Prairie, in Madison county, eight miles east of Alton, is three miles by two in extent 
being level and somewhat humid. 

South Prairie, in Morgan county, on the southern side of Walnut Creek. 

Squaw Prairie, in Boone county, is level and fertile, containing about ten square miles. 

String Prairie, in Greene county, commences four miles west of Carrollton, running fifteen 
miles east, with a breadth of from one to three miles ; is level, and a good tract of land upon 
the whole. 

Sifffffs Prairie, in Scott county, three miles west of Manchester, is level and washy. 

Swetfs Prairie, in Madison county, four miles north-east of Edwardsville. 

Three-mile Prairie, in Washington county, eight miles south of Nashville, is undulating. 
Tonis Prairie, in Wayne connty, six miles north-east of Fairfield, has second rate soil. 
Totten's Prairie, in Fulton county, seven miles north-west of Lewiston, is ten miles long 
and of varying breadth. The soil is good. 

Tumey's Prairie, in Wayne county, eight miles south of Fairfield, has a small circumference 
and a good soil. 

Tvxhe-mu'e Prairie, in Effingham county, reaches into Clay county ; level and humid at 


Another "Twelve-mile Prairie," situated in St. Clair county, is somewhat rolling, having a 
good soil. 

Union Prairie, in the south-eastern section of Clark county, is five mile. 1 ) long by three 

Another prairie bearing the same name (Union Prairie), lies in Schuyler county, four miles 
west of Rushville. 

Village Prairie, in Edwards county, two miles north of Albion, is about three miles long. 

Walnut Hul Prairie reaches from Jefferson into Marion county ; it is four miles by three, 
some parts of it being fertile, others humid and level. 

Walnut Prairie, in Clark county, extends five miles by two, having a fertile, though some- 
what sandv soil. 

Webb's Prairie, in Franklin county, fifteen miles north-eaat of Frankfort, has a fertile soil. 

Wood's Prairie, in Wabash county, ten miles distant from Mount Carmel, is very pro - 

Having enumerated above the prairies which are known by their own proper names, we 
cannot leave it unmentioned, that there are many others bearing indifferent names ; Illinois 
having in general such an abundance of prairies, that nearly two-thirds of its area consist of 

There are no mountains in Illinois ; in the southern as well as in the northern part of the 
State, there are a few hills ; near the banks of the Illinois, Mississippi, and several other riverg, 
the ground is elevated, forming the so-called bluffs, on which, at the present day, may be 
found, uneffaced by the hands of Time, the marks and traces left by the water, which was 
formerly much higher, and gradually lowered ; whence it may be safe to conclude, that where 
now the fertile prairies of Illinois extend, and the rich soil of the country yields its golden 
harvests, must have once been a vast sheet of water, the mud deposited by which formed the 
soil, thus accounting for the present great fertility of the country. 

In relation to the quality of its soils, Illinois is generally divided as follows: 

First, the alluvial land on the margins of the rivers, and extending with a breadth varying 
from half a mile or a mile to seven or eight miles. Wherever it is elevated, this country is of 
an extraordinary fertility ; at those places where it is low, and consequently exposed to inunda- 
tions, it is a very unsafe matter to attempt cultivating it. The most extensive tract of alluvial 
land is the so-called American Bottom, which was thus named at the time it formed the western 
boundary of the United States ; it stretches from the junction of the Kaskaskia with the 
Mississippi, along the latter to the mouth of the Missouri, containing about 450 square miles, 
or 288,000 acres. 

Secondly, the table-land, fifty to a hundred feet higher than the alluvial land ; this com- 
mences at the slopes, by which the latter is encompassed ; it consists principally of prairies, 
which, according to their respectively higher or lower situations, are either dry, or humid and 

Thirdly, the somewhat hilly sections of the State, which, alternately consisting of wooxl and 
prairie, are on the whole not as fertile as either the alluvial or table land. 

The soil of Illinois is unsurpased in fertility by that of any other State, there being no room 
for doubt, that at the time it shall have been settled throughout its entire extent, the produce 
of its harvests will surpass that of many other States together. Where in the world 
could a fertility be found equal to that of the American Bottom, which, ever since it was 
settled by the French, about 150 years ago, has, without any manuring whatever, yielded, year 
after year, the most abundant crops of Indian corn ? 


Upon looking at the map of the Upper Mississippi, we have before us that very extensive 
net of streams and rivers which is bounded in the west, below the junction of the Ohio and 
Mississippi, by the Ozark Mountains, through which the Arkansas and Red Rivers have forced 
their passage ; and in the east, by the projecting ridge of the Alleghany Mountains. High 
lands, elevated 2000 feet above the level of the sea, divide this district in the north from the 


Arctic river-district, together with which it was undoubtedly covered by a vast sheet of water, 
at an early period of the formation of the earth ; the hills separating it from Lake Superior, 
which is situated 600 feet above the level of the sea, do not rise more than 1000 feet above 
it, and the boundary line dividing it from the river-district of the St. Lawrence, runs along 
the shores of the other great lakes. No chain of mountains, therefore, properly speaking, 
separates in the north this enormous territory, a small portion of which constitutes the State 
of Illinois, from the plateaux projecting to the north, which circumstance must necessarily 
exercise a decisive influence upon the climate of the State, situated as it is between the 43d 
and 37th degrees of north latitude, and separated by seven degrees from the Gulf of 

A sea open at all times of the year separates Europe from the North Pole ; and the Medi- 
terranean Sea washes between it and Africa; this will sufficiently account for her mederate 
climate. A frozen region, sending during winter its icy blasts after the flying sun, bounds 
North America on the north, while her southern coast, penetrated in the summer by the 
almost perpendicular rays of a burning sun, radiates its accumulated heat to the north. This 
will explain why a country situated within the same degrees of latitude with Spain and Italy, 
has cold winters and hot summers. 

Illinois has an average temperature, which, if compared with that of Europe, equals 
that of Middle Germany ; its winter is more severe than that at Copenhagen, and her 
summer as warm as those of Milan or Palermo. Compared with the other States of the Union, 
Northern Illinois possesses a temperature similar to that of Northern Pennsylvania or South- 
ern New York, while the temperature of Southern Illinois will not differ much from that 
of Kentucky or Virginia. 


The most remarkable and striking feature, distinguishing the State of Illinois from the 
other States of the Union, consists in her extensive prairies, which, covered with a luxuriant 
growth of grass, and forming excellent natural meadows, by reason of which circumstance 
they received their present name from the earlier French settlers, commence on a compara- 
tively small scale, near Lake Erie, and occupy the chief part of the land about Lake Michigan, 
the upper Wabash, and the Illinois, predominating in the vicinity of the Mississippi ; so that 
this entire region is, properly speaking, nothing but a vast prairie, intersected by strips of 
woods, chiefly confined to the banks and the valleys of the rivers. The prairies are charac- 
terized by the absence of timber ; they present, in other respects, the same varieties of soil 
and surface that are found elsewhere ; some extend in immense level plains, others are rolling, 
others again broken by hills, while nearly all of them possess an inexhaustible fertility, and 
but few are sterile. 

The prairies of Illinois may be divided into three classes : the alluvial, or wet, the dry, or 
undulating, and the bushy. 

Those denominated alluvial, or wet prairies, are generally on the banks of the rivers, 
though sometimes at a distance from them ; their soil, consisting of a deep stratum of alluvial 
land upon clayish ground, is black, friable, and of unsurpassed fertility, admirably adapted to 
the culture of Indian corn and wheat, and even of grapes, as may be judged from the speci- 
mens of wild grapes, which in these prairies exhibit a very luxuriant growth, and from the 
results hitherto known attending the attempts at vine culture, made in several parts of the 

The dry or undulating prairies have but few springs. In general, the'undulations are so 
slight, that if it were not for the ravines made by freahets, one might suppose that there was 
no inclination at all. Their fertility varies greatly, the prairie being in general considered 
the more productive, the more undulating its surface. 

The bushy prairies have an abundant supply of wholesome water, and are covered with 
hazel and furze bushes, together with small sassafras shrubs, interspersed with grape-vines. 
Many species of garden-sage, mug-worth, dogwood, and an exhaustless variety and exuber- 
ance of gay, herbaceous plants, also grow on these prairies. Early in March the forests 
begin to blossom the Loncera Flava, L., or yellow-flowered honeysuckle, and the Jasminura 


fructicans, or yellow jasmine, diffuse their delicioua fragrance through the air, while the red 
tufts of the Judas-tree (Cercis Canadensis,) unfold their brilliant charms to the eye of the 
admiring lover of nature. 

Of the prairies, the following lines by Captain Basil Hall, an intelligent English traveler, 
are highly descriptive : 

" The charm of a prairie consists in its extension its green, flowery carpet, its undulating 
surface, and the skirt of forest whereby it is surrounded 1 ; the latter feature being of all others 
the most significant and expressive, since it characterizes the landscape, and defines the form 
and boundary of the plain. If the prairie is little, its greatest beauty consists in the vicinity 
of the encompassing edge of forests, which may be compared to the shores of a lake, being 
intersected with many deep, inward bends, as so many inlets, and at intervals projecting very 
far, not unlike a promontory, or protruding arm of land. These projections sometimes so 
closely approach each other, that the traveler passing through between them, may be said to 
walk in the midst of an alley overshadowed by the forest, before he enters again upon another 
broad prairie. Where the plain is extensive, the delineations of the forest in the far back- 
ground appear as would a misty coast at some distance upon the ocean. The eye sometimes 
surveys the green prairie without discovering on the illimitable plain a tree or bush, or any 
other object, save the wilderness of flowers and grass, while on other occasions the view is 
enlivened by the groves dispersed like islands over the plain, or by a solitary tree rising above 
the wilderness. The resemblance to the sea which some of these prairies exhibited was really 
most striking. I had heard of this before, but always supposed the account exaggerated. 
There is one spot in particular, near the middle of Grand Prairie, if I recollect rightly, where 
the ground happened to be of the rolling character above alluded to, and where, excepting in 
the article of color, and that was not widely different from the tinge of some seas, the 
similarity was so striking that I almost forgot where I was. This deception was heightened 
by a circumstance which I had often heard mentioned, but the force of which perhaps none 
but a seaman could fully estimate ; I mean the appearance of the distant insulated trees as 
they gradually rose above the horizon, or receded from our view. They were so exactly like 
strange sails bearing in sight, that I am sure, if two or three sailors had been present, they 
would almost have agreed as to what canvass those magical vessels were carrying. Of one 
they would all have said, 'Oh ! she is going nearly before the wind, with top-gallant studding- 
sails set.' Of another, ' she has got her canvass hauled up, and is going by the wind.' And 
of a third they might say, ' she is certainly standing toward us, but what sail she has set is 
not quite clear.' 

"In spring, when the young grass has just clothed the soil with a soddy carpet of the most 
delicate green, but especially when the sun, rising behind a distant elevation of the ground, 
its rays are reflected by myriads of dew drops, a more pleasing and more eye-benefitting view 
cannot be imagined. You see the fallow deer quietly feeding on the herbage ; the bee flies 
humming through the air ; the wolf, with lowered tail, sneaks away to its distant lair, with 
the timorous pace of a creature only too well conscious of having disturbed the peace of 
nature ; prairie-fowls, either in entire tribes, like our own domestic fowls, or in couples, cover 
the surface ; the males rambling, and, like turkeys or peacocks, inflating their plumage, make 
the air resound with a drawled, loud and melancholy cry, resembling the cooing of a wood- 
pigeon, or still more, the sound produced by rapidly rubbing a tambourine with the finger. 
The multitude of these birds is so surprisingly great, as to have occasioned the proverbial 
phrase, 4 that if a settler on the prairie expresses a desire for a dish of omelets, his wife will 
walk out at night and place her bonnet on the open ground, to find it full of eggs on her 
return next morning.' The plain is literally covered with them in every direction, and if a 
heavy fall of snow had driven them from the ground, I could see myriads of them clustered 
around the tops of the trees skirting the prairie. They do not migrate, even after the prairie 
is already settled, but remain in the high grass, near the newly-established farms ; and I often 
saw them at no great distance from human habitations, familiarly mingle with the poultry of 
the settlers. They can be easily captured and fed, and I doubt not but they can be easily 

" On turning from the verdant plain to the forests or groups of high-grown timber, the eye, 
at the said season, will find them clad also in the most lively colors. The rich under and 

32 JOHN C. 

brushwood stands out in full blossom. The andromedeas, the dogwood, the wood-apple, the 
wild plum and cherry, grow exuberantly on rich soil, and ^the invisible blossom of the wild 
vine impregnates the air with its delicious perfume. The variety of th wild fruit-trees, and 
of blooming bushes, is so great, and so immense the abundance of the blossoms they are 
covered with, that the branches seem to break down under their weight, and the eye of the 
spectator comes very near being over satiated. 

" The delightful aspect of the prairie, its amenities, and the absence of that sombre awe 
inspired by forests, contribute to forcing away that sentiment of loneliness which usually 
steals upon the mind of the solitary wanderer in the wilderness, for although he espies no 
habitation, and sees no human being, and knows himself to be far off from every settlement of 
man, he can scarcely defend himself from believing that he is travelling through a landscape 
embellished by human art. The flowers are so delicate and elegant as apparently to be dis- 
tributed for mere ornament over the plain, the groves and groups of trees seem to be dispersed 
over the prairie to enliven the landscape, and we can scarcely get rid of the impression 
invading our imagination, of the whole scene being flung out and created for the satisfaction 
of the sentiment of beauty in refined man. The similarity of the whole frequently reminds 
the Englishman of the extensive parks of the great aristocratical palaces he used to admire in 
his country; the grass plots, the shaded walks, groves and bushes, produced there by a 
designing art, nature has spontaneously created here ; and nothing but proud structures of 
lordly mansions, and the view of distant towns or villages, are wanting to make the 
resemblance complete." 

As to the origin of the prairie-lands, various speculations have been indulged, giving rise 
to a diversity of opinions, the least tenable of which is that, according to which stately forests 
once covered these'plains, afterwards being destroyed by fire ; for nothing is better established 
than the fact, that the travelers who first entered upon these plains, 200 years ago, and gave 
them their present name, found them destitute of woods and forests ; and, moreover, evidence 
may be adduced to the effect of showing, that wherever those dangerous enemies of theforests % 
the Indians and buffaloes, were expelled, and the settlers commenced planting trees, as well as 
in the vieinity of extensive inhabited tracts, the grass will at once recede, giving full scope for 
the forest to develop itself. In proof of our position, that these prairies were not formerly 
covered by forests, we may also refer to the immense savannahs and Llanos of South America 
and Middle Africa, where traces of former forests have yet to be discovered. Thus the late 
distinguished English traveler, Mungo Park, speaks of the plains of Mandingo, in Western 
Africa, as having probably existed there since the earliest times ; he also describes their annual 
burning in the same manner in which that of the prairies in the Western States would be 
described now ; the practice there, according to his account, being attended with the same 
results as here, the country there being also within a short time covered with a luxuriant 
growth of young and tender grass, on which the cattle feed with avidity. 

According to another opinion, the truth of which is highly probable, the level surface of 
the State of Illinois was formed by inundations. The whole of the State, from a few miles 
north of the Ohio, where the prairies commence, affords tolerably conclusive evidence of 
having been once covered with water, which, having forced itself a passage, whereby it was 
drained off, the ground was left with a rich, soft, muddy, level surface, much of which was 
afterwards successively worn off by waters formed from the effect of rain ; whence it will not 
be difficult to account for the greater dryness of the more elevated undulating prairie lands. 

From whatever cause the prairies took their origin, they are no doubt perpetuated by the 
annual fires that have swept over them, from an era probably long anterior to the earliest 
records of history, and still often continue, lit by the hunters, in order to frighten and bewilder 
the game that bounds over these prairies, and thus render them an easy prey, or to replace the 
old grass by a luxuriant growth of tender herbage, which might serve as nourishment for the 
deer. Where the soil is too wet to produce a heavy annual growth of grass sufficient to 
sustain a strong fire, there is no prairie. Forests prevail along the streams, and in other places 
where vegetation does not suffer from the drought of the latter part of the summer and early 
autumn, and, therefore, is less combustible than in the open plains. And the prairies them- 
selves, wherever they do predominate, as will be found invariably the case on dry level regions, 


exposed to the heat of the sun, may be ecsil^ converted into wooded land, by destroying with 
the plough the tough sward which has formed itself on them. There are large tracts of country 
where a number of years ago the farmers mowed their hay, that are now covered with a forest 
of young, rapidly-growing timber. 


If any State of the Union is adapted for agriculture, and the other branches of rural econ- 
omy relating thereto, such as the raising of cattle, and the culture of fruit trees, it is pre-emi- 
nently Illinois, whose extremely fertile prairies recompense the farmer at less trouble than he 
would be obliged to incur elsewhere, in order to attain the same results. Her virgin soil, 
adapted by nature for immediate culture, only awaits the plough and the seed, in order to 
mature within a few months golden ears of the most beautiful Indian corn, the heaviest wheat, 
and such other species of corn as are indigenous in the temperate zones. Here the husband- 
man is not obliged for whole years to squander his best strength in clearing the primitive 
forest, hewing down gigantic trees, and rooting out stumps and weeds, in order to gain, after 
each and every year of toilsome labor, in the sweat of his brow, another patch of arable 
ground; but the soil only wants common tilling; here the farmer is not obliged to gather the 
stones from his acres, the soil being but little encumbered with them. Here no manure is 
wanted to fertilize the soil ; it consists here of a rich, black mould, several feet deep, that 
is almost inexhaustibly fertile', and capable of producing the richest fruit, year after year, for 
entire generations. The Illinoisian farmer who cares not to improve the land, or enhance 
its fertility, as he should, has nothing to do but to plough, sow and reap ; less labor is here 
required than at other places where the usual demands of agriculture must first be satisfied. 
Hence a man of small means can more rapidly acquire wealth in this State than at places 
where he must waste his best time and strength in occupations not required here. 

The vegetable products of Illinois are especially, Indian corn, which is the staple com- 
modity ; wheat, which thrives well in all parts of the State ; and also oats, barley, rye, buck- 
wheat, potatoes, sweet potatoes, flax, hemp, peas, clover, cabbage, rapes, and the ordinary 
pot-herbs, tobacco, and the bean from which the castor-oil (ol. ricini) is obtained, are culti- 
vated here ; of the latter, enough is raised for home use. Cotton, in the southern part of the 
State, is now being cultivated to aome extent ; and sorghum so extensively everywhere, that 
it will soon become a great staple. 


In regard to agriculture, the soil of Illinois is divided into three classes. On the prairies 
it is a vegetable mould of different depths, on a substratum from three to four feet thick, of 
rich mulatto loam or clay, being in most cases entirely free from stones, and requiring only a 
single tilling in order to produce all the various species of corn and fruits peculiar to these 
latitudes. The wild grass growing on the prairies furnishes a very nutritious article of food, 
which will at once account for the universal renown of the beef of Illinoi?. 

The bottom lands skirted by the rivers are of extraordinary fertility, but exposed to 
frequent inundations, and covered with tall forest trees. Here the vegetable mould attains a 
depth of from three to twelve feet; its inexhaustibility is easily accounted for by tie consid- 
eration that the rivers, impregnated with the humus of the prairies through which they flow, 
deposit it in the bottom lands, whenever a rise of the water causes the latter to be inundated. 

The soil of the openings, covered with scattered trees of the forest, and these mostly oak, 
though not as good as that of the prairies, will yet yield as fine a crop without any manure as 
can be obtained in the Eastern States with the aid of manure. 

But it should be added that the character of the soil differs in the different sections of the 
State. The substratum is clay (this is invariably the case in Central Illinois), which precludes 
the idea that the fertility of the soil ever could be lost. By injudicious tillage the lands may, 
after years, tire, but can never be worn out. Upon the large water-courses, and in the 
extreme north and south, the soil is sandy, and the substratum sand and gravel, with some 
clay. In Central Illinois the soil is without sand ; on the undulating, or rolling prairies, the 



soil is of a mulatto, or yellow cast; on the level lands it is black ; but no difference can be 
discovered in the fertility of these two kinds of soil, both producing equally well all kinds of 
grain and grasses. The depth of the black soil is from twenty to thirty inches ; the yellow 
from fifteen to twenty-four inches. It is the prevailing opinion that the level or table-lands 
stand a drought better than the rolling. The soil in Central Illirois partakes largely of lime^ 
stone, without the appearance of the stone itself, therefore rendering it the more valuable and 
easy of cultivation, and causing it to stand a long and continued drought, with less injury to 
growing crops than those portions of the country where rock is interspersed through the culti- 
vated lands. 

BREAKING THE SOIL. It is difficult to place a man in any situation where he feels more 
like an honest conqueror than he does when turning over the verdant turf of the prairies. 
His plough must have a keen edge, and cut from twenty-two to thirty-six inches wide. A 
thin sod of two or three inches thick is cut smooth and turned completely upside down. The 
bottom of the furrow and top of the reversed sod are as smooth as if sliced with a keen knife. 
Every green thing is turned out of sight, and nothing is visible but the fresh soil. When the 
prairie is broken, and the sod has time to decompose, the land is thoroughly subdued, and in 
a good condition for any crop not a stump or a stone in the way, over a whole quarter 
section ; % free from weeds, rich, fresh and mellow; it is the fault of the farmer if it is not 
kept so. 


There is probably no state in the Union where there are greater facilities for cultivation 
of the soil than in this. Its great productiveness and breadth of prairie, with so little of ob- 
struction to any kind of machine, however large, has stimulated invention upon invention, 
in endless variety. Our advertising columns indicate this from many of the manufacturers of 
plows, reapers, drilling machines, cultivators, grain separators, etc., in which great ingenuity 
and skill has been expended. We may truly add, that some of the most beautiful and excellent 
agricultural machines, are to be found manufactured in almost every large town in the State. 
Besides this, the public spirit of Illinois farmers induce them to buy freely every improved 
machine, and the encouragement thereby given to inventors, is 'an immense stimulent to the 
development of improvements which are annually introduced in considerable number, and ex- 
hibited at the annual state and verious county fairs. 

[Furnished by JOHN P. REYNOLDS, ESQ.] 

Was organized by a convention of the friends of agriculture, convened for that purpose 
in Springfield, January 5th, 1853. 

A constitution was adopted and the following officers elected to serve for the year 1853- 
1854: President, James N. Brown, Sangamon county; Vice Presidents, George Hascall, 
Winnebago county ; John A, Kennicott, Cook county ; J. E. McClun, McLean county . 
Smith Fry, Peoria county; M.Collins, Adams county; Francis Arenz, Cass county; H. C. 
Johns, Piatt county; C. W. Webster, Marion county; J. Mitchell, Wayne county ; Recording 
Secretary, Paschel P. Enos, Sangamon county ; Corresponding Secretary, Bronson Murray, 
LaSalle county ; Treasurer, E. N. Powell, Peoria county. 

The object of the Society is stated, in the constitution, to be " the promotion of agricul- 
ture, horticulture, manufactures, mechanics and household arts." 

On February 8th, 1853, an act of the Legislature was passed and approved by the Governor 
incorporating the Society, and on February llth, an act was passed and approved, appropriating 
one thousand dollars per annum for two years to the Society for the promotion of the objects 
of its organization. 

The annual exhibitions have been held as follows: 1853-1854, at Springfield; 1855, at 
Chicago; 1856, at Alton ; 1857, at Peoria; 1858, at Centralia; 1859, at Freeport; 1860, at 
Jacksonville; 1861, at Chicago; 1862 was to have been held at Peoria, but the military 
authorities taking possession of the grounds, and converting them into camp of rendezvous no 


exhibition could be held ; 1863, at Decatur; 1864, will be held at Decatur, commencing Sept. 
12th, and continuing six days. In the main these annual exhibitions have been eminently 

FIELD TRIALS of implements have been held at Jacksonville, Bloomington, Dixon and 
Decatur, and their good results have been most plainly manifested. It is now the settled policy 
of the Society to award no premium to any agricultural implement or machine without first 
testing its merits in competition on actual trial. 

Besides these shows on the fair grounds and trials on the field, the executive committee 
meet annually in January, at the rooms of the Society at Springfield, and award premiums on 
essays, farms, nurseries, gardens, orchards, field crops, dairy and vineyard products, and, in 
addition to all these methods of diffusing information, the society issues a quarterly journal, 
and publishes biennially a volume of transactions. 

Correspondence is maintained with the State Horticultural Society, all the county agricul- 
tural societies in the State (some 95), with the societies of other States, and the U. S. 
Department of Agriculture at Washington the most kindly relation existing with each. 

Under the fostering care of the State Agricultural Society and kindred organizations, the 
development of the resources of Illinois has progressed with great rapidity, and she is rising 
with quick and certain strides to a position not second to any other in all the essential elements 
of a great commonwealth. 

The officers of the Society at present are : Executive Committee President, Wm. H. 
Van Epps, Dixon elected in 1860; Ex-President, Lewis Ellsworth; Vice Presidents, Charles 
H. Rosenstiel, Freeport ; A. J. Mattson, Prophetstown ; R. H. Whiting, Galesburg ; R. H. 
HoMen, Bloomington ; J. W. S'ingleton, Quincy ; A. B. McConnell, Springfield ; W. Kile, 
Paris ; H. S. Ozburn, Pinckneyville. 

Board of Counsellors Ex-President, James N. Brown, Berlin ; H. C. Johns, Decatur ; C. 
W. Webster, Salem. 

Treasurer, John W. Bunn, Springfield ; Recording Secretary, John W. Bunn, gpringfield ; 
Corresponding Secretary, John P. Reynolds office at the rooms of the Society, Springfield. 

[Prepared by C. D. WUber.l 

GENERAL GEOLOGY. The geological features of the State of Illinois are not of a complex 
character, and can be easily described. Thorough surveys, made by D. D. Owen, Dr. 
Norwood, Mr. Worthen, and the recent survey under the direction of the State Natural 
History Society, have made apparent the leading facts concerning the natural resources of 
nearly every county in our commonwealth. The whole series of rock formations may be 
classified and arranged as follows, beginning at the bottom of the series : 

I. Lower Silurian 1. Calciferous sandstone, 100ft. thick; 2. St. Peter's sandstone, 150 
ft.; 3. Galena, or Trenton limestone, 300 ft.; 4. Hudson River group, 100 ft. II. Upper 
Silurian 1. Niagara limestone, 300 ft. III. Devonian 1. Oriskany sandstone, 50 ft.; 2. 
Hamilton group, 120 ft.; 3. Black slate, 40 ft. IV. Mountain Limestone, or Sub- Carboniferous 
1. Kinderhook group, 100 feet.; 2. Burlington limestone, 200 ft.; 3. Keokuk limestone, 100 
ft.; 4. St. Louis limestone, 200 ft.; 5. Ferruginous sandstone, 100 ft.; 6. Chester limestone,- 
250ft. V. Carboniferous 1. Millstone grit, 300 ft.; 2. Coal measures, 900 ft. VI. Tertiary 
I. Clay beds, &c., 200 ft. VII. Quaternary I. Alluvium, 150 ft. 

The entire average thickness of all the rock formations is nearly 4,000 feet. The general 
dip or inclination of these formations in Northern Illinois is toward the south-west, giving the 
Silurian divisions to this part of the State, limited by a line drawn nearly parallel with the 
Chicago & Rock Island Railway. Along the Mississippi River the dip is east and west, on an 
anticlinal axis, breaking in two parts the great western coal field. 

In Southern Illinois, along that portion of the Ozark range within our limits, the 
inclination is nearly north and south. 

The extensive and varied inclination of our geological formations, caused by these axes of 
elevation, cut through in all directions by our large river system, permits an easy study of ou 

36 JOHN C. W. 

rock, mineral and coal treasures. Thus the Mississippi River, from Dunleith to Cairo, a dis- 
tance of 600 miles, falls 320 feet, cutting through inclined strata, an equivalent of over 3,000 
feet in thickness. 

The Silurian division, or, region of quarries, occupies Northern Illinois, and comprises an 
area of 17,000 square miles. 

The Mountain Limestone district, called sub-carboniferous, affording also excellent 
quarries, occupies the western part of the State, comnrencing a little above Rock Island and 
terminating near Golconda. Its area is about 6,500 square miles. 

The Carboniferous, or Coal district proper, covers the largest portion of the State. Its 
area is 35,000 square miles, and includes the following counties, and parts of counties, the 
coal boundary dividing unequally the counties bordering on the coal field: Rock Island, 
Henry, Mercer, Knox, Stark, Bureau, Putnam, Marshall, LaSalle, Grundy, Livingston, 
Kankakee, Will, Iroquois, Ford, McLean, Woodford, Tazewell, Peoria, Fulton, McDonough, 
Warren, Hancock, Adams, Brown, Mason, Cass, Menard, Morgan, Scott, Sangamon, Logan, 
Dewitt, Macon, Piatt, Champaign, Vermilion, Edgar, Douglas, Coles, Ciark, Cumberland, 
Shelby, Moultrie, Christian, Montgomery, Macoupin, Greene, Jersey, Madison, Bond, Fayette, 
Clinton, Marion, Clay, Effingham, Jasper, Crawford, Lawrence, Wabash, Richland, Edwards, 
Wayne, White, Hamilton, Jefferson, Franklin, Perry, Washington, St. Clair, Monroe, 
Randolph, Jackson, Williamson, Saline, Gallatin, Pope, Johnson and Hardm. 

The general railway system of Illinois intersects or passes through different parts of the 
great coal field, each railroad having coal subjacent, as follows: Illinois Central, 372 miles; 
Chicago & Rock Island, 166 miles; Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, 228 miles; Chicago & 
Alton, 200 miles; Logansport, Peoria & Burlington, 108 miles; Great Western, 192 miles; 
Terre Haute, Alton & St. Louis, 175 miles; Ohio & Mississippi, 140 miles. 

Coal mining has just begun to assume importance. The principal mining operations have 
been confined to working coal in ravines, either by stripping off the upper surface, soil, clay, 
&c., or by drifting or driving lanes, opening laterally. The proximity of our coals to the 
surface, permits this mode in all parts of the State, except the interior, where, on account of 
drift beds, the coal strata are from 200 to 400 feet below the surface. The average depth to 
the first working bed of coal does not exceed 50 feet. There are four strata or beds of coal 
in various portions of the great coal field, only two having been worked to any considerable 
extent. The following section of the shaft at LaSalle, exhibits the coal beds their thickness, 
distances apart, and depths from surface : 

1st bed 6 feet below surface ; thickness, 6 inches. 2d bed 178 feet below ; thickness, 
5 feet. 3d bed 235 feet below ; thickness, 6 feet. 4th bed 385 feet below ; thickness, 4 
feet. The distances apart are respectively 172 feet, 57 feet, and 147 feet. 

Since coal seams occupy a general level, like a floor, the depth at which any given seam of 
coal may be found, can be usually determined by the topography of the country. 

The principal coal shafts are located at LaSalle, Braceville, Fairbury, Sheffield, Kewanee, 
Colchester, Alton, Bellville, Casey ville, Danville, Duquoin and St. Johns. Coal is also 
extensively mined in ravines, viz : at Morris, Canton, Bryant Station, C. B. & Q. R. R., 
Murphysboro, Peoria, and at various points along the Vermilion and Illinois Rivers. The 
The total amount raised from the mines per annum, is estimated at 650,000 tons. The demand 
is rapidly increasing, and judging from recent discoveries of coal in new localities, we shall 
soon exhume and consume 1,000,000 tons per annum. The whole amount consumed in the 
United States is about 20,000,000 tons. Great Britain, with a coal field one-third as large as 
ours, consumes each year from her own mines 80,000,000 tons. France 6,000,000 tons. 
Belgium 10,000,000 tons. It is easy to infer the future importance of our coal trade. 

The Illinois coal field is estimated by Prof. H. D. Rogers, to contain 1,277,500,000,000 
tons! The Pennsylvania coal field contains 316,400,000,000 tons! All the coal fields of 
North America, 4,000,000,000,000 tons ! The coal fields of Great Britain contain 
190,000,000,000 tons ! 

The economy of coal burning is obvious from the following facts: 

If wood cost per cord $6, and coal, per ton, $4,50, the latter is cheaper in the ratio of 65 
to 100 on passenger trains, and on freight trains, in the ratio of 71 to 100. 


With a train of five cars, the expense with wood as fuel, was seven-eights of a cent per 
mile ; with coal, one-half of a cent per mile. 

In the yearly statement of the chief engineer of the Illinois Central Railroad for 1860, we 
find the cost of running freight engines using coal, was 17.81, and the same using wood, 26.60, 
or in that ratio per mile. 

The cheapness of coals is, more apparent especially in manufacturing, when we consider its 
power to produce a large amount of heat. To illustrate, let us compare the hea f ing power of 
several combustibles : seasoned wood will yield 2.567 of heat ; turf, 2.732 ; bituminous 
coal, 4.082 ; anthracite coal, 4.170 ; coke, 4.352. 

For domestic purposes the economy of coal over wood is still greater. 

In respect to quality, the Illinois coals, which are all bituminous, compare favorably with 
any American coals. As a general rule, preference is given to eastern coals, which undergo 
a thorough inspection, cleaning etc., before they are sent to market. In the Western States 
there is little or no care in mining, hence, our coals are said to abound in sulphur and earthy 
matter. The impurities referred to can be easily disposed of by selecting and screening at the 
mines. The complaint, however, will not pass away until we bake or coke our coals, as in 
France and England. This can be done in large ovens, made for the purpose, near the coal 
markets. The cost of making excellent coke need not exceed 30 cents per ton. 

We must make the best of our coals. We can not import largely, and we cannot change 
or mend our coal strata, but we can make them meet every want ; smelting ores, driving 
engines, cooking, heating, etc., by a simple and cheap process. They will serve future gene- 
rations, 100,000 years, and then not be exhausted. 

Very careful chemical analyses have been made of American coals, and the following 
results have been obtained : 










ILLLINOIS. Feet. Inches. 

DuQuin . 


6 10 






Murphysboro' . . . 


3 06 



* V % 




Danville, (Upper,) 
" (Middle,) 









" (Lower,) 







" (Average,) 






Anvil Roch, (Upper) 







u (Middle,) 

3 04 






" " (Main,) 

5 04 






" (Little,) 



















Little Rock, .... 







LaSalle, (Upper,) 
















44 (Lower,) 


3 06 








t A N 








44 .... 






Mclntosh, .... 


2 06 





Brier Hill, .... 


4 06 





Tallmadge, .... 


4 06 





Chippewa, .... 


4 06 





Bolivar, .... 







Pittsburg, .... 







Ormsby, .... 





Darlington, .... 







38 JOHN c. w. BAILEY'S 

These analyses show that we have a number of beds of coal in this State, which equal, in 
every respect, the very best coals of the Mississippi and Ohio valley.-?. In thickness and other 
requisites for cheap and profitable mining, they are not surpassed by those of any other portion 
of the west, and there is only needed enterprise, capital and energy, to develop a source of 
wealth in our State, at present scarcely thought of, and which is incalculable. 

Iron is found in considerable quantity in the southern part of the State. In Hardin county 
large deposits have been found in a long range of hills, bearing north-east and south west. 
Adjacent are extensive coal beds, containing coal of excellent quality. Iron manufacture has 
been commenced in this region, and extensive arrangements are being made to prosecute this 
branch of industry. 

About two and one-half miles west of the Illinois Central Railroad, and nearly four miles 
north of Jonesboro', on Section 34, Town 11 S. Range, 2 West of 3d P. M., there occurs a 
ridge bearing east of north and west of south, which rises quite abruptly to the hight of more 
than 200 feet above the valley. This ridge has appropriately received the name of the Iron 
Mountain. The base of the hill for 50 feet or more consists of fissile shale, succeeded by 80 
feet of chert, intermingled with masses of hematitic iron ore, 'often in a state of great purity ; 
the whole being capped by a cherty limestone, 79 feet thick. 

These deposits have been slightly explored, but there is little doubt that here is stored an 
inexhaustible supply of very rich ores, and under circumstances which admit of their being 
profitably wrought. These deposits belong to the sub-carboniferous series. 

The largest deposits of iron ore hitherto discovered, and of quality unsurpassed by any, 
are in the State of Missouri, 100 miles from St. Louis, by the Iron Mountain Railroad, and 40 
miles from the nearest coal basin Murphysboro a few miles from the Mississippi River. 
They form a part of the Ozark Range of Mountains, which are exceedingly rich in Minerals, 
iron occupying the summits, and lead being found along the sloping sides. The principal 
wonder of this extensive range, however, is Pilot Knob, so called from being used as a land 
mark, or guide to travelers in the early settlement of the country. It is 581 feet high, with 
a circumference at the base of six miles. It is simply a solid iron cone, so nearly pure, that, 
with a blacksmith's forge, horse shoes have been made from the ore direct. It Is estimated 
to contain 60,000,000 tons, of a quality equal to the best Russia Iron. 

The Iron Mountain proper is six miles north of Pilot Knob. Its entire mass, which is a 
Specular Oxide, contains 1,655,280,000 cubic feet, or 230,187,375 tons! But this is only a 
fraction of the ore at this locality. The nature of the ore, the plutonic character of the 
associated rocks, and the position of the mineral beneath the level of the valley, and the 
sedimentary rocks at the base of the mountain, all indicate its igneous origin, and that it 
extends downwards indefinitely. It will yield 3,000,000 tons of iron for every foot of descent. 

Shepherd Mountain, two miles distant from Pilot Knob, is both a Specular and Magnetic 
Oxide of Iron. The ore occurs in large dikes, running in various directions, cutting the 
mountain into sections. Large quantities of this ore have been sent to Pittsburg, and manu- 
factured into steel, no other ore on the continent being of equal value for this important 
purpose. One can find on this mountain large masses of natural magnets of great force lying 
loose or projecting from the main dikes of ore. They are intimately connected with our 
industrial interests, because all coals for smelting these rich ores, must be taken from our 
State, or the ores must be carried to the coal. 

The Laclede Iron Company of St. Louis have been manufacturing iron in this manner, during 
the past seven years, with a degree of success which indicates that St. Louis will become one of 
the great iron marts of the world. A similar transportation of ores, from Lake Superior to 
Chicago where coal and coke from our vast coal fields can be easily and cheaply obtained, 
has been inaugurated, to meet the demand for iron manufacture in the States and Territories of 
the Northwest. 

. Lead has for many years been a leading article of export. The Great Lead, or Galena 
district occupies a portion of three States, Illinois, Wisconsin and Io\va, and extends, accord- 
ing to James Hall, State Geologist of New York, over an area 87 miles in length and 45 in 
width, containing 4,000 square miles. The amount of lead annually raised and exported from 
this district is about 30,000,000 Ibs., the cash value being nearly $2,000,000. Although 


mining has been carried on during a period of fifty years, it is estimated that not more than 
one thousandth part of this vast lead deposit has been taken away. The ore Galena is 
always fouud in combination with sulphur, forming a sulphuret. It is easily reducible in a 
common open furnace or oven; hence the large profits realized in this branch of industry. 
It is found in chambers or pockets, sometimes called leads or lodes. These chambers are 
generally found in a direct line, east and west a fact of great value to miners. They are 
also foundat various levels, the lower range or course of chambers containing the largest 
amounts of ore. 

Associated with Galena, the ores of zinc are found in large quantities. They have until 
recently been regarded of but little value, on account of the cost of separating zinc from its 
ore, which, like Galena, is a sulphuret. With good success, experiments have been made to 
separate them, and several manufactories have been erected. Of these one is at LaSalle, 
and another at Mineral Point, Wisconsin. 

Silex, or deposits of sand suitable for glass manufacture, are found in Northern and 
Southern Illinois. They have been caused by the disintegration of St. Peter's sandstone 
through aqueous and atmospheric agencies, which have also distributed these sands in 
the lowlands along the principal rivers. A superior quality of glass has been made from 
these beds of silex. The supply of sand for the glass factories of Pittsburg is derived mainly 
from such deposits, found below Cape Girardeau, on the Mississippi River. The question 
naturally suggests itself Cannot we manufacture glass at far cheaper rates, since we have all 
the materials required near at hand ? 

Salt abounds in the south-east portion of the State, in Saline, Gallatin and Hardin 
counties. 50,000 bushels per annum have been manufactured, no attempts having yet been 
made to produce salt on a large scale. Salt water has also been found, by deep borings, in 
various parts of the State. 

Clays, for pottery, crockery, porcelain, &c., are distributed in great abundance. In 
Southern Illinois we have the greatest variety of valuable clays for all purposes. An 
extensive deposit of pure clay occurs near Mound City, adjacent to the Grand Chain, as it is 
called, on the Ohio River. It has a light yellow color, and produces beautiful ware. The 
proprietor of the pottery works at Mound City succeeded in manufacturing a great variety of 
ware, and coating or lining each article with an uniform thickness of glass. This result or 
discovery is very desirable, especially in fruit jars, which was the leading article of the 

The range of mountains running across Southern Illinois is interspersed with beds of clay, 
or kaolin that is, such clays as will produce the finest qualities of crockery. We have 
visited, many of these deposits, some tinged with delicate hues, and others almost pure white. 
They will prove, at no distant day, a source of great profit to the enterprising manufacturer. 

A considerable number of kaolin beds have been discovered near the Illinois Central 
Railroad, in the vicinity of Cobden and Anna, which are eligible situations for manufactures 
of this new and important traffic in our State. 

The manufacture of pottery from our own clays is now attracting considerable attention. 
Several establishments on an extensive scale are in active operation. The largest of these is 
located at Peoria, and is under the direction of the American Pottery Company. 

A peculiar clay has been found at Utica, on the C. & R. I. R. R., which is extensively used 
in the manufacture of cement. It consists of a stratum several feet in thickness, occuring in 
the silurian series of rocks. It is burned as lime, simply to expel the volatile organic matter, 
water, &c. The same stratum occurs in other portions of the State, under similar conditions. 

Building Stone, Quarries, &c. The principal building material, or dimension stone, 
throughout the State is limestone, the finer qualities of which, susceptible of polish, are called 
marble. A few excellent freestone, or sandstone quarries have been opened in Morgan, 
Jackson and Union counties. 

The strata of limestone vary in thickness from six inches to four feet, affording stone for 
every purpose. Nearly every county in the State, excepting a few in the interior, whose 
surfaces are deeply drifted with clay beds, &c., is furnished with quarries. The principal 
stone quarries are at Athens, Lockport, Joliet, Alton, Grafton, Quincy, Rock Island, Port 



Byron, LeClaire, Freeport, Galena, Rockford, Batavia, Aurora, Kankakee, Makanda, 
Shawneetown, Cobden, and Rock Quarry, near Golconda. 

The material for the white front, or marble buildings which have been erected in Chicago 
during the past ten years, has been taken from Athens, sixteen miles distant. The St. Louis 
quarries are situated at Grafton, near the mouth of the Illinois River. 

Soils. The most interesting chapter in the history of our natural resources justly pertains 
to the soil commonly called Prairie soil. It is the most ingenious contrivance for obtaining a 
competence ever placed in man's possession. Its construction indicates a most careful 
disposition of all the elements needed for the successful culture of grains and grasses. 

"The most noticeable feature is the very large quantity of nitrogen which these soils 
contain, being nearly twice as much as the most fertile soils of Great Britain." 

"Taking the soil at an average depth often inches, an acre of prairie will contain upwards 
of three tons of nitrogen, and as a heavy crop of wheat with its straw contains about fifty-two 
pounds of nitrogen, there is thus a natural store of ammonia in this soil sufficient for more 
than a hundred wheat crops. In Dr. Voelcker's words, ' it is the large amount of nitrogen, 
and the beautiful state of division, that impart a peculiar character to these soils, and dis- 
tinguish them so favorably.' / have never before analyzed soils which contained so much nitrogen, 
nor do I find any record of soils richer in nitrogen than these" 


Org. Matter & Water of Com. 



Analyzed by Professor Voelcker, 
Consulting Chemist of the Royal 
Agri'l Society of England 

Analyzed by Professor Anderson, 
Chemist to the Highland Agri'l 
Society of Scotland. 

No. 1. 

No. 2. 

No. 3. 

No. 4. 

1 Mid 
















Oxidos of Iron . * . 


Potash . . 

Soda ....... 

Phosphoric Acid . . 

Sulphuric Acid 


Water .... 

Carbonic Acid and Loss . . 

Containing Nitrogen . . . 
Equal to Ammonia .... 
















, . J 


Organic Matter .... 





Illinois has just begun to develope her natural resources. The foregoing condensed state- 
ments will serve as a means to indicate her rate of prosperity and future rank among the 
States of the Union, with the development of such natural facilities by a rapidly increasing 
and industrious population, every citizen of Illinois can look with an easy confidence and a 
just pride upon the advancing importance of all the interests of our great commonwealth. 

Organized June 30//1, 1858; Chartered February 22c?, 1861. 

Museum in the State Normal University at Bloomington. Number of Specimens 
collected, 60,000. Officers President, George Yasey, Ringwood, McHenry county. Vice 


Presidents, J. W. Velie, Rock Island : B. G. Roots, Taraaroa ; Geo. W. Batchelder, Bloom- 
ington. Directors, O. S. Munsell, E. R. Roe, W. H. Stennett, Bloomington, McLean county. 
Trustees, John P. Reynolds, James Shaw, F. Brendell, Edmund Andrews, E. M. Prince- 
Curator, Joseph A. Sewall, Bloomington. Treasurer, Ezra M. Prince, Bloomington. Record 
ing Secretary, C. R. Parke, Bloomington. Corresponding Secretary, C. D. Wilber, 


The State Normal University has been made the depositpry for all collections in the 
various departments of Natural History which may be made under the auspices of the Society ? 
and also for such collections as may be donated. For this purpose, two large halls in the 
University building have been united by an arch, affording a spacious gallery one hundred 
feet in length and thirty-three feet wide. This hall, called the Museum of Geology and 
Natural History, has been fitted up in the most approved style, from plans furnished by 
Richard H. Holder, Esq., of Bloomington, who visited the Museums of the Philadelphia 
Academy of Sciences, the Boston Academy, and the Salem Museum. The following is a brief 
outline of the plan adopted: 

Arranged along the floor, in front, near the windows, are twelve glass structures or houses, 
each four feet by eight feet and ten feet high, furnished with shelves and bases, for the depart, 
ment of Ornithology. In these structures, which are of pure French glass, the birds are 
arranged in families, each with its name and habitat. At present they are chiefly occupied 
by the birds of Illinois. 

Across an aisle, four feet in width, are placed twelve structures, made also of plate glass, 
corresponding with the structures for birds. These are in the form of parallelograms, each 
three feet by twelve feet, and surmounted by a glass show-case of the same dimensions and 
eight inches in depth. In the lower spaces are placed specimens of our coal flora, such as 
Lepidodendra, Sigillaria, etc., which are too large for shelves. These, as they are all of one 
geological epoch, are grouped with reference to the localities whence they were taken. The 
glass show-cases above are devoted to carboniferous fossils and shells. 

In the rear of the parallelograms is an extended bureau of drawers, divided into two 
sections, at the middle of the room. Each division contains four hundred and eighty drawers, 
and each drawer is fifteen by eighteen inches, and three inches in depth, furnished with a 
glass cover, and arranged in series of ten ; every two series, or twenty drawers, being pro- 
tected by folding doors. These are devoted to Botany and Entomology. 

In the southern division of the Museum are placed the minerals of Illinois and the adjacent 
States, presenting a typical view of the mineral wealth of the Misssssippi Valley, and designed 
to illustrate what is termed Economical Geology. For example : all the varieties of Iron ore* 
with samples of every process of its manufacture, are arranged by themselves; Lead, its ores 
and oxides ; also, Copper ; Coal, its varieties and products ; Soils, with accompanying analyses, 
etc., etc. The corresponding northern section is occupied by a collection of crystals, arranged 
according to the basis of each order, viz.: Carbonates, Silicates, etc. Each specimen is 
accompanied with its specific name and the name of the locality, also of the person donating 
the same to the Society. 

A space above these sections, in both divisions, is devoted to such collections as are pre- 
served in alcohol, viz.: Reptiles, Fishes, Crustacea, etc. 

A series of paintings, by Bryant, illustrating the principal geological epochs, are placed in 
line at the top of the last described sections, and, when finished, will occupy the entire length 
of the Museum. Of this series four are now complete. 

The principal design of the Society, in regard to this general collection of Natural History, 
is to furnish the greatest possible number of Object Lessons in each department, and so 
arrange the objects or specimens that they will convey to the student or observer a correct 
view of the order or philosophy of Nature; in short, to make of the Museum a well arranged 
volume, whose illustrations, indicating the order of creation, were prepared by the Great 
Artist, who laid the foundations of the earth. 

The following extracts are copied from she Secretary's last annual report : 

The enterprise which had for its object the building of a Museum and Library of Natural 






cc 2 

W a 



Hi I 

u> I 

' J 


History of the State of Illinois, was commenced with the beginning of the financial crisis of 
1858, when ' hard times ' was written throughout the length and breadth of the land, and 
when all labor of such sort as this must be done by personal exertion, rather than be paid for 
at any price. 

In estimating the costs, at a fair price for the labor of each individual, who has spent 
his time in the several departments, including, also, the real cost of the railroad and express 
facilities, the amount, thus far, exceeds $23,000, which must be taken as the estimate or value 
of the Museum. 

If we might be allowed to say a word concerning our success, it would be that no collection, 
of equal size and value, was ever made in this country in so short a time a result attributable 
to a good combination of resource?, and a hearty co-operation of Naturalists ; and so thoroughly 
has the work been done, that several departments are nearly completed, viz : Botany, Con- 
chology, Geology and Mineralogy. It is most natural, therefore, having nearly exhausted 
several fields already mentioned, to look beyond our State boundaries to other portions of this 
great natural district, the Mississippi Valley ; .and with the present facilities and combinations, 
it is believed that one general and complete museum of this great valley could be made with 
less expense and. toil than has pertained to the building of the present one. The great aim of 
such a collection as we propose is simply to present a type of all the species of existence in 
the various kingdoms of nature, ancient and modern, arranged in groups, according to the 
type or affinity of each group. It is a human attempt to represent, as far as possible, 
the divine idea of creation, by a real panorama of objects. And when we consider that in the 
two kingdoms of nature animal and vegetable there are four hundred thousand species, one 
may realize the magnitude of such a work. 

It would be extravagant for us to attempt a complete collection, representing the natural 
history of the earth, but it is quite within our compass to obtain a collection including all the 
species of the Fauna and Flora of Illinois modern and ancient. 

During fifteen years past, certain persons in Illinois, interested in the encouragement of 
science, had endeavored to procure appropriations to do the same work which we have so well 
nigh completed. The Legislature was petitioned to make extensive appropriations, but without 
success ; no one, of course, being found willing to undertake such a work without substantial 
guarantees from the State Treasury. Now, however, the end has been attained without cost 
to the people, and in such a manner that, in many portions of the State, a repetition of the 
work,will not be required. 

By the judicious use of this great collection, under proper regulations, students who attend 
this institution, from all parts of the State, can obtain a general survey of our material 
resources, and will learn one important fact at lease, that our home facilities for education, by 
the new or reformed method of object lessons, are unequalled. Let the pupil see this fine 
array of the ' medals of creation ;" show him the beginning of vegetable life on the planet ; 
hold up the rude fucoid that has reared its tiny frond on the shore of the ancient ocean, and 
millions of years after, has been succeeded by the mighty oak, the crown of all ; let him see 
the dawn of animal life, as the beds of the old Silurian seas reveal it ; let him trace, step by 
step, the rise and progress of new modes of existence, and observe the adaptation of the 
earth to new types gf life, as they came in stately march down through the vista of the past 
accompany the student through the long ages, from the chaos in the background, forward into 
brighter and brighter light, until the culmination of the grand plan, in the advent of the 
human race, and ask him, after this long survey, if the works of God do not impress him 
with higher conceptions of the wisdom, beneficence and accompanying presence of the great' 
Creator ? 

Of this work, the late Superintendent of Public Instruction, Hon. Newton Bateman, thus 
remarks : 

"This Museum is of inestimable value to the University, affording rich and inexhaustible 
materials for ' object lessons,' and exalting the conception of every student as to the amazing 
resources and imperial wealth of this great commonwealth. And not the least of the benefits 

44 JOHN C. 

flowing from the Museum to the University, is the strong incentive to the study of 
Natural Science, so wonderful, so instructive, so inspiring and glorious, afforded by 
the contact of the students with the strange and beautiful things of earth, air 
and water, which are garnered in that treasure-house of nature. Not a few, it is to 
be hoped, will there learn to love the study of God in His works, and be allured by the 
pure and simple tastes which it inspires, away from the dust and smoke of the political arena 
and the grosser pleasures of sense, into the sweeter and fresher fields where Goldsmith, 
Wordsworth, and all the brotherhood of the pure and good and gifted, have ever delighted to 
linger and muse and adore. 

" It is to Prof. C. D. Wilber, the able and untiring Secretary of the Natural History Society, 
more than to any other man, that the University. and the State are indebted for this munificent 
contribution to the scientific and educational resources of the State. Identified with the 
movement from its incipiency, he has toiled on with unselfish ferver and zeal, day and night, 
summer and winter, in evil report and good report, undismayed by opposition, unchilled by 
coldness and apathy, self-supported, turning aside only to recruit by public lectures his 
exhausted resources until the magnificent collection stands as the trophy of his labors. " o 


[The following excellent sketch has been furnished by S. A. Briggs, Esq., Editor of the Illinois Teacher, and 
will be deemed of much interest to the public on the important question of Education.] 

Recognizing the just moral claim of every child to an education commensurate with the im- 
portance and dignity of his obligations and duties as an upright and loyal citizen, and the cor- 
responding obligations of the State to make adequate provision for such an education for all, 
the Legislature of Illinois, in February 1855, passed " an act to establish and maintain a system 
of free schools." This was the first strictly free school law ever adopted in the State, and 
although amended in 1857, 1859, and 1861, moat of its essential provisions remain unchanged. 

By the provisions of this act the commoji school fund consists of certain monies derived 
from various sources, amounting at the close of 1862 to $4,978,842.74, denominated the per- 
manent school fund, upon which the State pays an annual interest of six per cent ; together 
with such a sum as may be produced by the annual levy and assessment of two mills upon each 
dollar's valuation of all the taxable property in the State. 

The supervision of the common schools of the State is vested in a State Superintendent, 
elected biennially, whose office is at Springfield, and whose duties are those usually pertaining 
to such an office. Hon. N. W. Edwards, Hon. H. H. Powell, Hon. Newton Bateman, and* Hon. 
John P. Brooks have successively filled this office, the latter being the present incumbent. 

The local superintendence of each county is in the hands of a county School .Commissioner, 
also elected biennially. His duties are to apportion the State funds, to visit, as often as prac- 
ticable, the several schools in his county, and to carry out the advice and instructions of the 
State Superintendent. For his services in visiting he is allowed two dollars a day to the 
amount of one hundred days. He is also required to examine all persons desiring to teach in 
his county, and provision is made for issuing three grades of certificates of qualification. 

Each township is placed for school purposes in the hands of three Trustees, holding office 
for two years. It is^their duty to lay off the township into districts, so as to suit the wishes and 
the convenience of a majority of the inhabitants of the township, and th^jr also apportion the 
school funds among the districts. Section 16, in every township, is set apart to be sold for 
school purposes. 

Each district elects three directors, one of whom goes out of office annually, whose duty it 
is to establish and support free schools for six months in every year, and, by vote of the dis- 
trict, for such longer time as the latter may desire. No district is entitled to its share of the 
public money unless it has had a free school for at least ?ix months during the year preceding 
the distribution. The directors also have power to improve school houses, and procure fuel, 
furniture, libraries and apparatus. In. order to give a higher grade of schools than would 
otherwise be possible, a majority of the directors of several districts may unite the whole into 
a union district, placed under the control of three persons, appointed by them, styled 
"Directors of Union School." 



As a public recognition of eminent qualifications and distinguished success, the State 
Superintendent is authorized to grant perpetual certificates to such persons as shall pass a 
satisfactory examination, produce evidence of success in teaching, and who have had an 
experience of three years, one of which was in this State. At the three examinations held 
previous to the close of 1862, 51 State diplomas were issued. 

In the larger cities and incorporated towns, the school system depends upon a special 
charter, and is under the control of a board of education or other officers. Its general features, 
however, correspond to the State law, and these towns receive, of course, their share of the 
public fund. 

The following table- exhibits, in a condensed form, the educational statistics of tne State 
since the adoption of the present system : 



>f Female 







O . 


>nths Wages 
e Teachers. 

>nths Wages 
lie Teachers 

1 i 

*3 e- 





| H 







1 - 















The STATE NORMAL UNIVERSITY, located at Bloomington, was organized by act of the 
Legislature in 1857, and went into operation in October of the same year. It is under the 
control of the State Board of Education, appointed by the Legislature. Each county in the 
State is entitled to send two pupils, and each representative district a number equal to the 
number of representatives in said district, all of whom receive gratuitous instruction. The 
building stands upon a commanding eminence, overlooking the city, and is the largest and 
best appointed school edifice in America. Richard Edwards, probably the most experienced 
and most successful Normal school teacher in the country, is at the head of a strong and well- 
chosen faculty of instruction, and, wilh an attendance in 1863, of 438 in all the departments, 
the institution gives promise of an extended and permanent usefulness. (For further infor- 
mation see Bloomington.} 

The Illinois Teacher, published at Peoria, and edited by S. A. Briggs of Chicago, ia the 
only educational journal in the State. It has an extended circulation, and is an important 
auxiliary to the educational interests of Illinois. It is the officiel organ of the State Super- 
intendent, each number containing his decisions upon questions of school law submitted to 
him. It has contributed much to the support and development of the free school system, and 
is worthy to be named among the permanent educational agencies of the State. 

Illinois contains numerous academies, private schools and colleges, which are doing much 
good, but as they are not required to make returns to the State Superintendent, no general 
statistics are to be had outside their own published report. The best known of these institu- 
tions are: Illinois College, Jacksonville, founded in 1830; Shurtleff College, Upper Alton, 
founded in 1835 ; McKendree College, Lebanon, founded in 1835 ; Female Seminary at 
Monticello ; Knox College, Galesburg, founded in 1837 ; Lombard University, Galesburg ; 
University of Chicago ; University of St. Mary's of the Lake, Chicago ; Female Seminary, 
Rockford ; Clark's Seminary of Aurora ; Lind's University at Lake Forest ; and the North- 
western University, Evanston. 

Prominent among the literary associations of Illinois, are the Historical Society, of Chicago, 
Rev. Wm. Barry, Secretary, founded in 1856 ; the Illinois Literary and Historical Society, 
located at Alton ; and the Illinois Natural History Society, C. D. Wilber, Secretary, whose 
fine museum is in the Normal University building at Bloomington. 

46 JOHN c. w. BAILEY'S 

Further Information concerning the private institutions of learning, and the literary 
associations, may be found by referring to the several towns in which they are located. 

[Furnished by Phillip G. Gillett, Esq., Principal.] 

The law incorporating this Institution was enacted in February, 1839, at the instance of 
Hon. 0. H. Browning, who was then representing Adams county in the State Senate. Of the 
twenty gentlemen who constituted the first Board of Trustees, but one, the Hon. Wm. 
Thomas, now President of the Board, yet remains identified with its interests, having 
for twenty-five years maintained an unfaltering devotion to the unfortunate class of perbons 
for whose relief and amelioration it was designed, and often rendered the Institution itself 
efficient aid by his counsel and means in trying times, when both counsel and means were 
needed. To the constancy and unswerving determination of Judge Thomas that the expecta- 
tion of its founders should not be disappointed, are the friends of the Institution largely 
indebted for its advanced and honorable position among similar Institutions of the United 

In 1846, the school was opened under the superintendence of Thomas Officer, A. M., 
who had been appointed Principal of the Institution, and for nine years succeeding served in 
that capacity. In the selection of Mr. Officer for this responsible position, the Board of 
Trustees were exceedingly happy, and the Institution peculiarly fortunate. It would be diffi- 
cult to conceive of one more admirably suited by temperament, energy and talents, both 
natural and acquired, with the highest Christian principle, to inaugurate and conduct an enter- 
prise of Christian benevolence, than this gentleman, in whom these qualities were most 
happily combined. To the suavity of the Christian gentleman, securing for him at once public 
confidence and esteem, he added a rare facility in the instruction of mutes a profession in 
itself separate and distinct from all others, requiring a peculiar cast of mind and no small 
amount of experience to secure efficiency. 

The Institution is healthfully located near the town of Jacksonville, and has large, beauti- 
ful and commodious buildings, warmed with steam and lighted with gas. It is the largest 
establishment of the kind, supported and patronized by one State alone, in the Union. It has 
received since its opening six hundred and thirty pupils, of whom about two hundred and 
forty yet remain on its rolls. The amount of light and knowledge which have here been dis- 
seminated among the children of silence, who by their peculiar misfortune are shut out from 
the usual avenues of instruction, the great day alone may reveal ; of one fact, however, with 
honest pride, we are assured, that the usefulnes of this Institution, and its relative standing 
among those of a similar character and purpose of our country, are fully commensurate with 
the honorable position of Illinois among the States of the American Union. 

It has of late years received from the Legislature a support which, by the exercise of 
judicious economy, has been adequate to its requirements. No citizen of Illinois who has yet 
visited the Institution, and witnessed the order and system there prevailing, together with the 
proficiency, happy and grateful countenances of its pupils, has been known to complain of 
the small, though necessary, taxation for the support of this noble charity, which, with the 
other two State Institutions located near Jacksonville, constitutes a most striking exponent 
of the Christian sentiment of our people, and the power of our advanced civilization. 

Deaf mutes resident in Illinois, between the ages of ten and thirty years, are here edu- 
cated, being furnished with board, tuition, &c., free of charge. 

The Institution for eight years past has been under the superintendence of Philip G. 
Gillett, A. M., to whom communications respecting admission of pupils, and business pertaining 
to the Institution, should be directed. 


ILLINOIS AND MICHIGAN CANAL was laid out by the Canal Commissioners in the spring and 
summer of 1836, under authority conferred by "An act for the construction of the Illinois and 
Michigan Canal, approved January 9, 1836." 

Sec. 32 of that Act is as follows : 

. "The Commissioners shall examine the whole Canal route, and select such places thereon 
as may be eligible for town sites, and cause the same to be laid off into town lots." 


In compliance with this law the Board of Canal Commissieners, then consisting of WM. F. 
THORNTON, WM. B. ARCHER, and GURDON S. HUBBARD, proceeded to make the selections of town 
sites as required, as soon as the survey of the route of the Canal had progressed sufficiently 
to indicate the proper points for future towns. The selections were made with reference to 
the future business of the Canal, the accommodation of the adjacent country, and for the 
purpose of realizing the greatest possible amount from the sales of Canal property, and, 
lingly, the Engineer was instructed to so construct the Canal through these towns as to 
requisite business facilities. Consequently ample basin room was given in the original 

* ruction of the Canal in most of the towns laid out by the said Commissioners. 

The town site for Lockport was selected because upon the plan of the Canal then adopted, 
(which was to make a " deep cut," so as to draw a supply of water directly from Lake Michigan,) 
the lake level would here run out, and the first lock or locks be located. 

The Canal Commissioners, as well as many other persons of intelligence, probably at that 
time over-rated the. advantages of this locality for a commercial manufacturing town, but it 
cannot be doubted that had the canal been completed on the original plan, and the net work 
of railroads by which the whole country has since been threaded, not been constructed, the 
condition of Lockport would have been widely different from what it now is. There were then 
no considerable towns anywhere in Northern Illinois Chicago itself being only a village of 
moderate size and small business, giving but little evidence of the unprecedented growth which 
has since characterized it. Joliet, only five miles below the site selected for Lockport, it is 
true, had at that time, been laid out and established as a county seat, but it contained but few 
inhabitants, and the natural advantages of its position were not such as to preclude the 
existence of other rival towns in this region of country. 

Besides the anticipated advantages of having a canal navigation from Lake Michigan to this 
point, of sufficient capacity to pass vessels of the average size then navigating the lakes at an 
ordinary stage of water in Lake Michigan, without the interruption of a lock, and of creating 
a very extensive hydraulic power by drawing water therefor directly from the lake, the land 
selected for the future town was as favorable for the purpose as could be found in the State. 

All of the section except the bottom laud was then covered with a fine growth of timber, 
nearly all of which was cut off within a few years after the commencement of improvements. 
Could a portion of the finest of these trees have been preserved, they would have added 
immensely to the beauty of the place. 

The land upon which the village is built rises gently from the river to the canal some 
twenty feet, and the canal is from 150 to 200 feet from the foot of the main bluff so called, 
which here rises abruptly some 25 or 30 feet. From the main bluff the ground has a very 
gentle ascent to the east for the first 300 or 400 feet, and from thence rises more abruptly 
but not so much so as to make it very difficult or expensive to construct streets of easy grades 
to the level of the country lying immediately east of the village. 

When the canal survey was made in the spring of 1836, there was no one residing on the 
land sub-divided into lots by the Canal Commissioners, they therefore selected the town site of 
Lockport, and determined to build a canal office there, it being known that the construction of 
the canal would require the expenditure of a large amount of money, and it was thought that 
the place must derive a very considerable advantage from that expenditure. 

The growth of towns on the canal, as on the railroad lines, has been promoted by these 
means of communication. This canal has now become one of the prominent objects for the 
Government to enlarge and improve, as a defense of the conntry. Congress and a National 
Convention have been considering the nature of the improvement the advantages and cost to 
the country, and there can be no doubt that as soon as conflicting interests can be reconciled, 
and opposition be removed, that the patriotism of the country will provide the means, through 
this canal, to bring war vessels, gunboats, &c., through from the Mississippi to the lakes, so as 

THE CHICAGO AND ALTON RAILROAD. Forms a through line from Chicago to St. Louis, a 
distance of 281 miles. Trains run between the two cities without change of cars. 

The line was opened in 1854, under the name of the Chicago and Mississippi Railroad, and 


passed through a series of financial embarassments, from that time till the commencement of 
1860, when the bond holders took possession of the property, and appointed a receiver. Since 
that time the line has steadily progressed, and ranks now among the most valuable railroad 
property in tne West. 

The Capital of the Chicago and Alton Company, on January 1, 1864, was $8,290,939 

Represented by Sinking Fund, bonds 7 per cent 685,000 

First Mortgage Bonds, 7 per cent 2,400,000 

Income Bonds, 7 per cent 1,100,000 


Preferred Stock, 7 per cent, 2,422,596 

Common Stock, 1,783,343 


The Earnings in 1363, were $1,673,706.60 

Expenses, 971,840.78 

Profit, $701,865.82 

The Company, in addition to paying interest on all its bonds, pays dividends on both classes 
of stock. 

In the later part of 1863, the Company completed a lease of the Joliet and Chicago Road, 
in perpetuity, at an annual cost of $145,000. 

The Company has been using the St. Louis, Alton, and Terre Haute Road, between Alton 
and St. Louis, but it is expected they will have an independant track of their own this year. 
The engineers are now making the necessary surveys. 

The line passes through most of the large cities and towns in the State, among them Lock- 
port, Joliet, Wilmington, Pontiac, Bloomington, Atlanta, Lincoln, Springfield, Carlinville 
and Alton. The country, through which the road passes, is among the best cultivated in the 
State, especially the country from Bloomington to Alton. 

CHICAGO, BURLINGTON & QUINCY RAILROAD LINE. This line of road is under one manage- 
ment, and is composed of the following roads: 

Galena & Chicago Union, between Chicago and Junction : . 30 miles. 

Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, between Junction and Galesburg, and Peoria & 

Burlington 234 " 

Quincy & Chicago, between Galesburg and Quincy 100 " 

Making in all , 364 miles. 

The earnings of* the line for the fiscal years ending April 30 were in 

1862. 1863. 

For Freight $1,677,263.38 $2,369,770.85 

For Passengers 478,817.18 584,306.80 

For Mails and Miscellaneous 90,003.61 83,294.89 

Total $2,246,084.17 $3,037,372.54 

Earnings per mile $6,170.56 $8,344.43 

This line of road has been constructed under authority of acts of the Legislature, creating 
several distinct corporations, whose roads, when completed, have been consolidated for 
economical management. Its first charter was granted February 12th, 1849, to the " Aurora 
Branch Railroad Company," extending from the Junction to Aurora, a distance of thirteen 
miles. Under a subsequent charter, this road was extended to Mendota, a distance of fortr 
three miles, and was opened for business to that point in November, 1853. 

The Central Military Tract Road, extending from Mendota to Galesburg, eighty miles, was 
opened for business in January, 1855. The balance of the line was opened about January, 
1856.] ' 

The Company are now constructing a new road from Chicago to Aurora, which will be 
ready for use in May, 1864, after which they will dispense with the use of the Galena road. 

The country through which this road runs was, in 1854, at least three-fourths bare prairie 
It is now rare to find anv but cultivated fields aloncr its line. 



In 1855, the Galena Company did not find it inconvenient to provide depot grounds and 
service for this Company, in addition to its own business. Now the depot grounds of the C., 
B. & Q. R. R. Co., for freight, being one and a quarter miles in length, with two grain 
elevators capable of storing one million, six hundred thousand bushels, and two warehouses 
for rolling freight, one 80 by 700 feet, the other 72 by 516 feet, are found inadequate for the 
accommodation of its immense and rapidly increasing freight traffic. 

The following table will convey some idea of the freight traffic of the line, growing out of 
the rapid improvement of the district tributary to this road : 

Total amount of Lumber 38,891,562 feet. 

Coal 124,789,387 Ibs. 

Wheat 107,919,573 Ibs. 

Corn 488,892,269 Ibs. 

Provisions '. 32,424,456 Ibs. 

Sundry other products, together with the above, making one grand total over this line 
eastward and westward, of 1,555,471,790 Ibs. 

CHICAGO AND MILWAUKEE RAILROAD. This road traverses the shore of Lake Michigan 
from Chicago to Milwaukee, a distance of 85 miles, 45 of which are within Illinois. Along 
the line of this road, several beautiful suburban villages have been laid out within the past 
few years, by enterprising business and professional citizens of Chicago, where with the 
accumulated rewards of their daily avocation they seek to adorn and make their homes lovely 
and attractive. Among the places of residence, Evanston and Lake Forest, on acconnt of their 
excellent educational institutions, as well as their naturally beautiful scenery are considered 
the most desirable. 

CHICAGO AND ROCK ISLAND RAILROAD was opened through from Chicago to the Mississippi 
River February 22d, 1864. Total length of road, 228J miles. Along the line of this road are 
located Joliet, Ottawa, LaSalle, Lacon, Peoria, Genesee, Moline, Rock Island, and other places 
that deserve mention, which are sustained, and rapidly increasing in numbers, improvements 
and wealth, in the midst of a country of abundant resources. 

Earnings from January 1st, to December 31, 1863, are $1,958,735,06. 

For the previous fiscal year ending March 31, 1863, the amounts received were : Passengers, 
$433,297.33; freight, $1,034,850.29; miscellaneous, $60,993.40 total, $1,529,141.02. 

GALENA & CHICAGO UNION RAILROAD. This road was opened from Chicago to Harlem, 
on the Desplaines River, in the spring of 1849. Its length is 250 miles. To this might be 
added the Elgin & State Line, 32 miles in length, which is operated by the same Company, 
giving a total of 282 miles of road, running through a beautiful and exceedingly productive 
portion of the State. Among the cities and towns along this line are Belvidere, Rockford, 
Freeport, Cortland, Dixon, Sterling, Morrison, Fulton, &c. 


$100 402.30 



$132,517 62 





84 023 43 

35 916.39 


129,226 09 


95 552.75 





127 188 30 

39 235 40 


172,343 00 










August ... 

113 554.50 









223 461.52 



287,121 54 











Totals [ $1,621,096.94 | $496,316.34 | $75,882.18 [$2,193,295.46 

GREAT WESTERN RAILROAD. This road crosses the State from east to west, entering at 
the State line about midway in Vermilion county on the east, and running west through tho 
centre of the State to the village of Clayton, in Adams county, where one branch, the Quincy 


& Toledo, operated by the same Company, extends to Quincy, and another to Warsaw, 
opposite Keokuk, Iowa. The cities of Decatur, Springfield, Jacksonville, Quincy, and many 
flourishing towns, are located upon the line of this railway. The earnings for the year ending 
March 31, 1863, were $742,097.18. Total length in Illinois, including the Quincy & Toledo 
and the Keokuk Branch, about 272 miles. 

THE ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD. This road, extending through the eritire length of the 
State, from Dunleith, its north-western terminus, and Chicago, in the north-east, to Cairo, its 
southern terminus is the most important railroad in the State, and the longest in the country, 
being 707 miles in length. Its cost, including roadway buildings, bridges and equipments was, 
up to the 31st day of December, 1863, $28,610,229.23. Its nett earnings to the end of 1856, 
when it was opened over its entire length, and including the period from 1852 to 1856, were 
$1,742,930.30; in 1857, 391,473.48; 1858, 424,618.19; 1859, 492,765.00 ; 1860, 850,630.42; 
1861,1,150,903.50; 1862,1,600,570.84; 1863,2,118,847.13. 

The expenses of operating the road were 76 per cent, of its gross earnings in 1857 ; 70 
84-100 per cent, in 1858 ; 68 82-100 per cent, in 1859 ; 59 38-100 in 1860 ; 49 1-10 per cent, 
in 1861 ; 46 per cent, in 1862 : and 46 4-10 per cent, in 1863. 

By the terms of its charter, this road pays annually to the State 7 per cent, of its gross 
earnings. This source of revenue to the State will increase with the growth and prosperity of 
the road. In 1863 it amounted to $300,394.58. 

The importance oi the road in a national point of view may be estimated from the fact that 
since the commencement of the war to the close of 1863, 330,051 troops have been carried 
oyer the road, besides immense quantities of forage, ammunition and other supplies for the 
use of the army and navy. For the past six months the quantity of army freight delivered in 
Cairo over this road has been immense, frequently exceeding 100 car loads per day. 

By the liberality of the Board of Directors, all sanitary supplies forwarded from Chicago or 
other points on the line, by directions of the Sanitary Commissioners, have been carried free 
of charge. 

The equipment of the road is of the first class, and compares favorably with that of any 
road in the United States. 

On the first day of January, 1864, the Company owned 117 locomotives, 62 first class 
passenger cars, 7 sleeping cars, 29 mail express and baggage cars, 1949 house and stock cars 
481 platform cars, 497 coal cars, 40 miscellaneous cars, and 14 snow plows. It has recently 
added two new sleeping cars, which for comfort, convenience and elegance, cannot be excelled 

It has now under contract 14 new locomotives ; has in progress in its own workshops, 4 new 
locomotives, 400 new freight cars, and 6 new passenger cars, to be added to the rolling stock 
during the present year. 

Its principal workshops are located at Weldon, Carvilie (Chicago), Centralia and Amboy. 

The Company have adopted the plan of substituting iron for wooden bridges as fast as the 
latter wear out, and in the past two years, have erected about 3,000 feet of iron truss and 
girder bridges, and are substituting substantial masonry for other wooden structures. 

Land Department. The general government granted to the State of Illinois, a large body 
of lands as an inducement for the building of a railroad from the northern to the southern 
extremity of the State. These lands were transferred to the Illinois Central Railroad Company, 
and consisted of 2,595,000 acres, located it along the entire length of the road, and all lying 
within a limit of fifteen miles from it. On the completion of the road the Company placed 
these lands in market, and to the present time has sold about one-half of the entire grant. 

The earlier sales made were at the time when speculation was at its maximum ; the low 
rates of interest and the long credit given^ formed a great inducement for speculators, and 
also for actual settlers to purchase large tracts of land, which'they found themselves unable 
either to improve or pay for. In all such cases the Company has pursued a most lenient and 
wise policy by releiving the actual settlers from such portions of their lands as they found in 
excess of their means to improve. At the time when corn commanded but ten cents a bushel 
the Company received largo quantities from their settlers, at a much higher price, thus 
enabling the fa; HUTS to weather the storm, and, at the same time, make payments oa their 



farms. The Company has now entirely revised its plan of disposing of the lands ; sales are 
made upon credit only for actual settlement, and, unless to parlies with means, only in small 
tracts. The rate of interest charged is six per cent, and a large portion of the lands are sold 
on short credit or for cash. During the year 1862, sales were made to over two thousand pur- 
chasers of 87,599 acres for $989,376.08, and during the year 1863, of 221,578 acres for 
$2,411,737.03, to over thirty-four hundred purchasers. The year of 1864 opens with a still 
larger business. It must be borne in mind, that when this road was built, less than ten years 
since, the greater portion of it was through an almost uninhabited district. The population 
in the counties, through which the road passes, has more than quadrupled within that time> 
and there are now over one hundred thriving villages, towns and cities, located along its line. 
A large immigration from the adjoining States, south and east of Illinois, is noticed, and the 
Company is making large sales to farmers from Iowa, Michigan and Wisconsin. 

The liberality of the Federal Government in making this grant, the wisdom of the State in 
appropriating it, and the good faith and enterprise of those who embarked in this great ex- 
periment have accelerated the growth of Illinois beyond all example, and it is now safe to say, 
that in population, wealth, and all the elements which make a State great, Illinois is half a 
century in advance of what the State would have been, without this grant and railroad. 

LOGANSPOXT, PEORIA AND BURLINGTON RAILROAD, runs from Peoria, on the Illinois River, 
through a highly cultivated and beautiful portion of Illinois to the State Line, on the east into 
Indiana. Length in Illinois, east from Peoria, about 120 miles. 

OHIO AND MISSISSIPPI RAILROAD, extends over the southern part of the State, from Vin- 
cennes, on theWabash River, west through the counties of Lawrence, Richland, Clay, Marion, 
Clinton and St. Clair, to east St. Louis, on the Mississippi. Length, 148 miles. 

TERRE HAUTE AND ST. Louis RAILROAD, crosses the State, from the south-east of Edgar 
county, on through Coles, Shelby, Christian, Montgomery, Macoupin and Madison counties, to 
the Mississippi River, opposite St. Louis. Length, with branches, 208^ miles. 

In addition there are other railroads intersecting the different portions of our State, the 
greater number centering in Chicago, and all adding materially to the means of transporta- 
tion, and the commercial wealth of Illinois. 

CHICAGO AND NORTHWESTERN RAILWAY, extending from Chicago through the interior of 
Wisconsin to Green Bay, affording direct communication to all points in the Northwest. The 
portion within Illinois, (66 miles), was opened to the traveling public in 1855, Entire route, 
242 miles. Gross earnings for the year ending December 31, 1863, $1,504,843.15. 

EASTERN RAILROADS. Chicago terminus of the Michigan Central, Michigan Southern and 
Northern Indiana, Pittsburg, Fort Wayne and Chicago, and Cincinnati Air Line Railroads 
form the great chain of connection with the Atlantic seabord, and our far west, over lines, of 
which Chicago forms the central link. 

In the following table are given the railroads of those States in which the length equaled or 
exceeded 1,000 miles in 1860. It will be observed that in I860 Illinois ranked second in the 
number of miles of railroad, Ohio ranking first, New York third, &c. In 1850, Massachusetts 
had l,035f miles ; New York, 1,403 1-10; Ohio, 575J and Illinois, 110 only : 


From Superintendent Kennedy's Report for 1860. 


Cost of 



$58 882 328 

New York 

2 701 94 

131 30 542 


143471 110 

1 771 16 

64 958 807 


1 404 22 

29 057 742 



29 537,722 


2 999 45 

111 896 351 


2 125 90 

70 295 148 



104 944 561 

Total United States 





Population of the States and Territories. 













309 527 

590 756 

771 623 

964 201 

Arkansas _ _______ 





435 450 


92 597 

365 439 

{Connecticut _____ 


297 675 

309 978 

370 792 

460 147 




91, 32 


Florida - -. ____'____ 

34 730 


87 445 

140 425 


340 983 

516 823 

691 392 

906 185 

1 057 286 

Illinois - ' _______ 


157 445 

476 183 

851 470 

1 711 951 

147 178 

343 031 

685 866 

988 416 

1 350 428 

Iowa _ __ 

43 112 


674 943 


107 206 


564 135 

687 917 

779 828 

982 405 

1 155 684 

Louisiana __ ___ 


215 739 

352 411 


708 002 

Maine _ __ _"-- 


399 455 

501 793 




407 350 

447 040 

47u 019 

583 034 

687 049 



610 408 

737 699 


1,231 066 

8 765 






6 077 

172 123 



136 621 

375 651 


791 305 


66 557 

140 455 

383 702 

682 044 

1 182 012 

New Hampshire 


269 328 

284 574 

317 976 

326 073 

New Jersey _ 


320 823 




New York 

1 372 111 

1 918 608 

2 428 921 

3 097 394 

3 880 735 

North Carolina __ __ 


737 987 


869 039 

992 622 








13 294 

52 465 

Pennsylvania ___ . 


1 348 233 

1 724 033 

2 311 786 

2 906 115 

Rhode Island 

83 015 

97 199 

108 830 

147 545 

174 620 

South Carolina . _ _ 

502 741 

581 185 

594 398 

668 507 

703 708 

Tennessee _ __ 


681 904 


1,002 717 







280 652 

291 948 

314 120 

315 098 


1 211 405 

1 239,797 








Colorado __ 











New Mexico 








District of Columbia 











Statistics of Illinois in I860. 

Acres improved land in farms 13 251 ,473 

Acres unimproved land in farms 7,993,587 

Total acres unimproved in the State 22,207,727 

Cash value of farms $432,531,070 

Cash value of implements and machinery.. $ 18,276,160 

Number of horses 575,161 

cattle 1,505,581 

.sheep 775-80 

swine 2,279,772 

Livestock 73,434,621 

Busho a of Wheat 24,159,500 

Rye 9S1,322 

Com 115,296,779 

Oats 15,336,072 

Pounds of Tobacco 7,014,230 

Pounds of Wool 2,477,563 

Bushels of Irish Potatoes , 5,799,564 

Gallons of Wine 47,098 

Poundsof Butter , 28,337,516 

" -Cheese.... 1,595,358 

Tonsof Hay I,b34,260 

Poundsof Flax 32,636 

Poundsof MapleSugar 181,751 

Gallons Sorghum Molasses 797,096 

Bushels of Coal 14,906,643 

Lead value $72,953 

Number of manufacturing establishments.. 3,162 

Capitalof " " $6,217,765 

Value of products $16,534,272 



Population of Illinois by Counties. 



Male. Female. 





















































































value of real 
ind personal 
jroperty for 

























| 9,217,631 







Population of Illinois by Counties Continued. 





value of real 
and personal 
property for 




1 3,397 









Massy c . _ 




Monroe .. 



Moultrie _ 





Pike . 



Putnam _ 





Rock Island 

Saint Clair 




Schuyler _. . 











Washington.. _ 





Williamson,. _. 








The aggregate of assessments for '1863 so far returned amount to $314,163,421.28, 
with eight counties not reported. At the same rate the total assessed value of property in the 
State will amonnt to about $330,000,000 ! When it is remembered, however, that the true 
value is about twice .and one-sixth the assessed value, the total real vatue of property in Illinois 
on which taxes are paid may be set down at about $725,000,000 ! 

NOTE. 32 Indians included in white population. 



Adams County 

Is situated in the extreme western part of the State, bounded on the north by Hancock* 
east by Schuyler, Brown and Pike, south by Pike county, and west by the Mississippi River^ 
Length north and south thirty miles, with an average width of twenty-four miles. It contain 
twenty-one townships, viz.: North East, Houston, Keene, Lima, Ursa, Mendon, Honey Creek' 
Camp Point, Clayton, Concord, Columbus, Gilmer, Lington, Melrose, Burton, Liberty, McKee' 
Beverly, Richfield, Payson and Fall Creek the city of Quincy and several thriving villages. 

This county was organized from Pike county in 1825 ; first election of officers July 2nd, 
same year, when forty votes were polled. Willard Keyes, Levi Wells, Peter Journey were 
elected county commissioners, and Henry H. Snow was appointed clerk. Justus Perigo, a 
soldier during the war of 1812, was the first settler, and Daniel Lile the second, in what is 
n ow Adams county. The first located on section nine, towuship 3 south, and 8 west of the 
4th principal meridian. Bear Cieek and branches, Cedar, Tyrer, Mill, Fall and Pigeon Creeks 
How through the western, and the north and west forks of McKee's Creek through the eastern 
border. The quality of the soil and due proportion of timber and prairie rank this county 
second to no other in the State. The climate is good. Fruit is grown in abundance. Popu- 
lation in 1860, 41,323 ; assessed value of personal and real estate in 1863, $9,217,631 ; esti- 
mated true value, $21,000,000. There were owned in 1861: Horses, 12,458; neat cattle, 
25,878 ; sheep, 13,467; hogs, 66,873. Products: 5,751,760 bus. of corn 330,820 of wheat. 
October 1st, 1862, there were persons between five and twenty-one, 12,604; No. of scholars, 
10,454; male teachers, 167; female, 104; average No. of months schools were kept, 6.9. 
Amount received for all school purposes, $37,798. (See Quincy.) 

Alexander County 

Lies in the extreme southern portion of the State, and is bounded north by Union county, 
east by Pulaski, and on the south and west by the Mississippi River; length, north and south, 
twenty-five miles, with an average width of nine miles. It was organized from Union county 
in 1819, then comprising also the present County of Pulaski. It has a fertile soil, mostly 
covered with a heavy growth of timber, amongst which are found various kinds of oak, mostly 
white oak, also, walnut, poplar, cypress, hickory, etc. One-third of the county is excellent 
alluvial soil. Along Cash River, which flows on the eastern border, the surface is low and 
subject to inundation. " Bordering the Mississippi is an extensive tract of alluvial land, 
entirely above high water." In 1860, the population was 4,707. Assessed value of personal 
and real estate in 1863, $2,735,078. Estimated true value $6,200,000. There were in 1861, 
605 horses; 2,189 head of cattle; and 665 sheep. In 1860 31.161 bus. of wheat, 350.000 
bus. of corn. In 1861, 875 scholars, salaries of teachers, $3,766,82. (See Cairo.) 

Bond County 

Was named after Shadrach Bond, first governor of Illinois. It is situated in the south- 
western interior of the State, bounded on the north by Montgomery county, east by Fayette, 

56 JOHN C. W. 

south by Clinton, and west by Madison, which separates it from the waters of the Mississippi, 
save a slight indentation on the west and north sides, it is twenty miles square. The seat of 
justice is at Greenville. There is a due proportion of prairie and timber land. The prairie is 
not as undulating as in some parts of the State, yet the soil is good, and the citizens are in- 
dustrious and frugal. Population in 1860, 9,815. In 1861, there were owned 5,598 horses; 
11,051 cattle ; 6,372 head of sheep, and 18,678 swine. In the previous year there were raised 
143,478 bus. of wheat, and of corn 2,140,000 bus. Value of personal and real estate in 1863, 
as returned to Auditor's office, $1,742,745. Estimated true value, $4,006,600. No. of white 
persons, between five and twenty-one, 3,761. Scholars 3,191. Number of male teachers, 63, 
female teachers, 42. Average number of months school was kept 6.9. Total amount received 
for all school purposes, $16,240, as returned for school year, ending October 1, 1862. Bond 
was organized from Madison in 1817. It was then much larger than at present. Shoal Creek 
and branches flow through the central portion of this county. The south-east extremity is 
touched by the Kaskaskia River. 

Boone County. 

This county is the third west of Lake Michigan in the northern tier of counties in the 
State. In length north and south, it is twenty-four miles, and twelve miles in breadth, con- 
taining the following eight townships under township organization, viz: Belvidere, Bonus, 
Boone, Caledonia, Flora, Manchester, Leroy, and Spring, with a population in 1860 of 11,678. 
There is a fair supply of timber scattered over the county in groves and oak openings. The 
prairie is undulating, yielding abundant crops of wheat, corn, oats, etc. In 1861 there were 
owned 4,760 horses ; cattle, 12,617 ; sheep, 5,808 ; and 3,844 head of swine. In 1860 there 
were sown 38,109 acres of wheat, \ielding 762,000 bushels; 14,363 acres of corn and 16,196 
acres of other field products. The whole number of acres in the county are 184,320. The 
number of scholars on October 1, 1862, was 4,296; number of male teachers, 57; female, 
108. Total amount received for all school purposes, $16,392. The county is traversed by the 
Kishwaukee River and branches, affording ample mill power. The Chicago and Galena, 
Kenosha and Rockford and Beloit Branch Roilroads pass through the county. Boone was 
organized from Winnebago and McHenry counties in February, 1837. It is bounded north by 
Wisconsin State, east by McHenry county, south by Kane, and west by Winnebago. Assessed 
value of personal and real estate in 1863, $1,560,493. Estimated true value, $3,588,000. The 
seat of justice is at Belvidere. (See Belvidere.} 

Brown County 

Is situated in the western central part of the State, bounded on the north by Schuyler 
county, east by part of Schuyler, Cass, and Morgan, south by Pike, and west by Adams. The 
Illinois River flows along the eastern and crooked creek along the north-eastern border of this 
county. It is also watered by McKee's Creek and branches. The soil is very productive and 
the country well-improved. The Quincy and Toledo Railroad enters in the south-east corner, 
and passes in a north-westerly direction through the county. -Under township organization, it 
contains nine townships, viz: Ripley, Missouri, Pea Ridge, Lee, Mt. Sterling, Cooperstown, 
Versailles, Elkhorn, and Buckhorn, containing a population in 1860 of 9,938. The assessed 
value of personal and real estate for 1863, was $1,503,795, estimated true value, $3,456,900. 
There were owned in 1861, 3,992 horses, 8,630 neat cattle, 6,544 sheep, and 19,519 head of 
swine. In 1860 there were 5,229 acres of wheat, and 25,564 acres of corn. On October 1, 
1862, there were 3,663 white persons between the ages of five and twenty-one, 3,413 of whom 
attended school, also 55 male and 37 female teachers. The entire amount received for all 
school purposes was $9,121. This is also a great fruit county, peaches being grown in great 
abundance. (See ML Sterling.} 

Bureau County. 

The first settlement in this county was made by Messrs. Bulbona and Henry Thomas, in 
1828. During the preceding year, Mr. H. Thomas was engaged, with others, in surveying a 


stage route from Peoria to Galena and while thus employed he made a claim at Bureau 
Grove, where he moved the following year. Others soon followed, among whom were Messrs. 
Ezekiel Thomas, Abram Obrist, Abram Stratton, Sylvester Brigham and J. G. Forestall. 
Other settlements were made soon after. C. S. Boyd located at Boyd's Grove, Joseph Smith 
at " Dad Joe's Grove," Jno. Hall at Hall's Settlement, EHjah Epperson on Bureau Creek, and 
others at various places in the county. 

The first postoffice in the county was established at Bureau Grove, in 1831, and Henry 
Thoiias was postmaster. 

This county was a part of Putnam until 1837, when an act was approved creating Bureau 
county, it being left to the voters of the county to decide in regard to its division. 

Bureau is bounded on the north by Whiteside and Lee counties ; on the east by La Salle 
county and the Illinois river, and Putnam county at the extreme south-east corner; on the 
south by Putnam, Marshall and Stark counties, and on the west by Henry county. Under 
township organization it contains the following twenty five townships, viz.: Arispie, Berlin, 
Branby, Bureau, Center, Clarion, Concord, Dover, Fairfield, Gold, Greenville, Hall, Indian- 
town, Lamoilie, Leepertown, Macon, Manlius, Milo, Mineral, Ohio, Princeton, Selby, Walnut, 
Westfield and Wheatland. 

When the first settlers came to this county, it was necessary for them to bring their sup- 
plies of provisions, or an abundance of money to procure them with, for at that time pro- 
visions were exceedingly high, and therefore it was with great courage *nd perseverance that 
the first settlers of this now highly cultivated and favored county came and erected dwellings, 
and remained here for the first few years. As soon as they could begin to cultivate the rich 
and yielding soil, they were blessed with abundant harvests ; but although these were plenti- 
ful, markets were at so great a distance (Chicago being the nearest, over one hundred miles) 
that the price of produce was very low; and farmers, for several years, were obliged to carry 
their grain, forty bushels at a load, in wagons, this distance ; and, in more than ope instance, 
finding prices so low, they would offer their entire load to produce merchants if they would 
defray their expenses to and from market! Thus it is seen that the husbandman was not 
remunerated for his toil. And while produce was bringing so low a market price, other things 
were commanding very high figures, which conspired to render the times very dark and 

But time gradually wore away this state of things, and about the year 1850 a new light 
began to dawn upon the minds of those who had "borne the toil and the heat of the day." 
A better day was anticipated with no little interest, hope, or anxiety. The dark cloud of 
" hard times" began to be dispelled by the agitation of railroad projects indifferent parts 
of the State. Truly this event ushered in bright prospects for the Prairie State ; and indeed 
it was a new era in its history. 

Produce and all kinds of stock at this time were in better demand, and as a natural conse- 
quence prices began to rise. A general interest was excited in the vast natural resources 
which lay buried beneath the soil of the State ; and this county, in common with others, felt 
these influences, as immigration turned to the rich, uncultivated prairies of Illinois. Though 
the completion of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, the southern terminus of which is within a 
few miles of this county, constituted a favorable change in creating a market nearer home, 
yet it has been superseded by the railroad, which has brought a market, as it were, to the 
very doors of -the citizens. 

The soil is excellent rich, deep and productive ; being generally well watered, and well 
adapted for all kinds of grain and other agricultural staples. 

The principal streams in the county are Bureau Creek, East and West Bureau Creeks, and 
Green River, while on the south-east we have the Illinois River. 

Wood is found in abundance bordering on the streams and in groves. Any amount of coal 
is found in different parts of the county, particularly at Sheffield and Tiskilwa. From the 
former place it is shipped by railroad to Chicago and other places. 

As an agricultural county, Bureau is not excelled. Years ago, when grain was carried to 
Chicago by the wagon load, produce merchants declared that the best of grain always came 
from Bureau county and the same can still be safely said. Population of the county in 1860 
was 26,426. In I860 there were sown 82,149 acres of wheat, 84,518 acres of corn, and 21,148 
acres of other field products. There were owned in 1861, 13,872 horses, 29,973 head of cattle, 
3,372 sheep, and 20,674 head of swine. 

Fruit is a branch of agriculture that is beginning to command attention. Experience has 
proved that the soil and climate are well adapted to raising fruit ; and this is, we think, soon 
to become an item of no small importance. The peach tree grows thrifty, but is not a regular 
bearer. Plums, cherries and pears do well, but apples do the best, and are a superior article. 
Other varieties of fruit also flourish, as well as shrubs and ornamental trees. An Agricultural 
Society has been formed about two years, and is in a prosperous condition. 

Besides Princeton, the county seat, Sheffield, Wyanet and Tiskilwa are flourishing villages, 
and we think that Buda, Neponset and Maiden 'are worthy of notice. The above, with 
Arlington and Trenton, are railroad stations, and some of them bid fair to become places of 
no small importance. Lamoilie, Dover and Providence are older villages, with the exception 
of Princeton and Tiskilwa, and are pleasantly located. 


For the year ending October 1st, 1862, there were 8,848 persons between the ages of five 
and twenty-one, and 7,728 scholars. Qualified male teachers, 128; female, 126. Average 
months school was kept, 7.2. Total amount received for all school purposes, $39,384. 
Assessed value of personal and real estate in 1863 was $4,491,657; estimated true value, 

Calhoun County 

Occupies a long, narrow st^p of country lying between the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers, 
which unite at the south-east extremity of the county. The Illinois River bounds it on the 
east, the Mississippi on the south and west, and Pike county on the north. It is about thirty- 
seven miles in length, and from three to ten wide from river to river, containing about 260 
square miles. The surface is broken by bluffs and ravines, and is partly subject to inundation. 
Several fine prairies lie on both sides of the county, at the foot of the bluffs. The bottom 
lands furnish fine range for stock. Corn, beef, and pork are the principal exports. Coal is 
found in considerable quantities along the banks of the Mississippi. Calhoun was organ? zed 
from Pike county in 1825. Population in 1860, 5,144. 

During the same year there were sown 5,006 acres of wheat, and 12,902 acres of corn. In 
1861 there were in the county 1,575 horses, 6,236 cattle, 1,217 sheep, and 10,321 swine. In 
the year 1862 there were 1,459 persons between five and twenty-one, of whom 1,164 attended 
school. Number of qualified male teachers, 25 ; female, 15. Average number of months 
school was kept, 6.2. Total amount raised for all school purposes, $3,340. The assessed value 
Of personal and real estate in 1863 was $770,674. Estimated true value, $1,771,000. 

Carroll County 

Is situated in the north-western part of the State. It is bounded on the north by Jo Daviess 
and Stephenson counties, which separate it from the State of Wisconsin, on the east by Ogle, 
on the south by Whiteside counties, and on the west by the waters of the Mississippi. The 
surface is generally undulating, consisting of prairie, diversified with tracts of timber land. 
It is drained by several creeks that flow mostly in a westerly course, emptying into the Missis- 
sippi River. The Racine and Mississippi railroad crosses the northern portion of the county, 
from Ssvanna on the Mississippi River, on through Freeport, Illinois, to Beloit, Wisconsin, 
etc., giving direct commmunication with Chicago. This county is eighteen miles in width, 
with an average length of twenty-five miles. It contains the following fourteen townships 
under towship organization, viz: Cherry Grove, Elkhorn Grove, Fair Haven, Freedom, Lima, 
Mt. Carroll, Rock Creek, Salem, Savanna, Washington, Woodland, Wysox, York, and T. 25. 
R. 7, witn a population in 1860 of 11,733. The soil is productive. The staples consist 
chiefly of wheat, corn, oats, pork, and bntter. lu 1860 there were 3,905 horses ; 10,076 
head of cattle ; 923 sheep, and 8,954 swine ; wheat 636,444 bus., and 1,630,150 bus. of corn. 
There were 5,213 white persons, between five and twenty one, of whom 4,654 attended school 
in 1862. The number of male teachers was 59, and female 89. Average number of months 
schools were kept 7.5. Total amount received for all school purposes, through interest of 
township fund, state and county fund, and by special district tax $24,085. The assessed value 
of personal and real estate in 1863 was $2,179,953. Estimated true value, $5.011,900. 

Cass County. 

Cass county is situated in the western interior of the state, and is bounded on the north by 
Mason county ; on the east by Menard being touched on the extreme south-east by Sanga- 
mon ; on the south by Morgan, and on the west by the Illinois River, which separates it from 
Schuyler and Brown counties. Sangamon, named on some maps Salt River, flows along the 
northern boundary of the county. This county has an average length of about twenty-seven 
miles, and a width of fourteen. The surface is undulating, being drained by several small 
streams, and is proportionably varied by prairies and timber. The soil is generally very 
excellent, consisting mostly of a rich, sandy loam. In 1861 there were 3,931 horses, 10,249 
head of cattle, 3,088 sheep, and 17,783 swine. There were also, in 1860, raised 156,402 bus. 


wheat, and 2,580,000 bus. corn. Cass was organized from Morgan county in 1837. The 
population was then estimated at 6,500 ; in 1860 it was 11,325. For the year ending October 
1st, 1862, there were in the county 3,879 white persons between five and twenty-one, of whom 
3,272 were in school. No. of male teachers, 58 ; female, 39. Average No. of months school 
was kept, 6.5. Whole amount received for school purposes, $17,572. Assessed value of per- 
sonal and real estate was $2,282,530 ; estimated true value, $5,020,400. 

Champaign County 

Is situated in the eastern interior of the State. It is bounded on the north by Ford, east 
by Vermillion, which also separates it from the State of Indiana, south by Douglas, and 
west by Piatt and McLean counties. It is 36 miles in length north and south, and 28 in width, 
containing the following named sixteen townships, viz : Kerr, Pera, East Bend, Newcombe, 
Kantoul, Middletown, W. Urbana, Pleasant Hill, St. Joseph, Urbana, Scott, Tolono, Sadorus, 
Philo Sidney, and Homer, some of which are double size, being 12 miles by 6. The surface 
consists of extensive prairies, dotted with beautiful groves of excellent timber, of which Big 
Grove, at the head of Salt Fork, is most worthy of mention, Surrounding these groves, the 
prairies are rolling, and the soil of excellent quality. It is drained by the branches of the 
Vermillion, Big Vermillion, Kaskaskia, Illinois and Sangamon Rivers, meandering through the 
country in every direction. Champaign is in every sense of the word an agricultural county, 
and is well adapted to raising cattle, sheep, hogs, etc. It is also an extensive fruit county, 
and Mr. Dunlap well supports its fame in horticulture and floriculture. The record for 1860 
gives a population of 14,629. There were produced 215.046 bushels of wheat, and 4,275,370 
bushels of corn. In 1861 there were owned 6,316 horses, 13,441 cattle, 3,889 sheep, and 
28,211 swine. For the year ending October, 1862, there were 5,554 persons between five and 
twenty-one years ; scholars 4,867 ; 75 male teachers, 100 female. Total amount of funds received 
for all school purpo-es, $32,495. The assessed value of personal and real estate in 1863 was 
$3,722,223. Estimated true value, $8,560,600. The Chicago Branch of the Illinois Central 
Railroad traverses the county north and south. The Great Western east and west, intersecting 
the Central at Tolona, in the south-western interior of the county. Champaign was organized 
from the attached portion of Vermillion county, in February, 1833. (See Champaign and 

Christian County. 

Christian county, situated in the southern interior of the State, is bounded north by the 
counties of Sangamon and Macon, east by Macon and Shelby, south by Shelby and Mont- 
gomery, and west by Montgomery and Sangamon. It is twenty-seven miles long, east and 
west, and twenty-one wide. In addition, there is a portion of the county extending about 
eleven miles north from the main body of the county, with an average width of twelve miles. 
The Sangamon River flows along the northern border, while the South Fork flows through the 
interior of the county. The surface is usually level, or partially undulating, and the soil fer- 
tile. Frnits are grown to some extent. The Illinois Central and the Terre Haute and St. 
Louis railroads traverse the eastern and south-eastern portions of this county, intersecting at 
the village of Pana. In i860, the population was 10,492. There were 17,869 acres of wheat, 
and 51,374 acres of corn planted during the same year. In 1861, there were 3,508 horses ; 
9,946 head of cattle ; 6,068 sheep, and 23,577 swine. The assessed value of personal and 
real estate for 1863,- was $2,302,057. True value $5,294,600. For the year 1862, there were 
reported by the superintendent of public -instruction, 4,577, between five and twenty-one 
years of age, of whom 3,760 attended school. Male teachers 66 ; female 42. Amount paid 
for teachers wages $9,636. Received for all school purposes. $16,400. (See laylorsville.) 

Clark County 

Is situated in the south-eastern part of the State, bordering the State of Indiana. It is 
twenty-four miles long east and west, and twenty-one broad, bounded on the north by Edgar 
county, east by Indiana State on the Wabash River, south by Crawford, and west by Cumber- 


land and Coles counties. The Wabash River, navigable for steamboats, flows along the south- 
eastern margin of the county. Several smaller streams flow through it, among which may be 
mentioned the North Fork of Embarras River, in the north-west. The surface is diversified 
with prairie and timber-land. The climate is good, and the soil is adapted to wheat, corn, 
oats, etc. The population in 1860 was 14,907. Products, 219,679 bushels of wheat, and 
1,649.500 bushels of corn. In 1861 there were 5.699 horses, 12,785 cattle, 13,367 sheep, and 
28,257 swine. The number of persons in 1862 between five and twenty-one, was 5,115. 
The number of scholars were 4,832. There were 83 male, and 55 female teachers, drawing a 
total salary of $8,828, while the average number of months school was kept was 6. The 
total amount received for all school purposes was $10.308. In the year 1863, the assessed 
value of personal and real estate in this county was $1,435,376. The estimated true value 
being $3,3.11,190. Clark was formed from Crawford county in 1819. (See Marshall.} 

Clay County, 

Situated in the southern interior of the State, and bounded north by Effingham county, 
east by Richland, south by Wayne, and west by Marion. It contains 470 square miles. The 
surface in the east part of the county is level, and the west half is undulating, and is drained 
by the Little Wabash River and its tributaries. The soil is very fertile, yielding large crops 
of fill or winter wheat, corn, grass, sugar cane and tobacco. Clay, in 1860, had a population 
of 9,336, and at this time, 1864, about 13,000. In agricultural productiveness, it ranks 
among the first counties of Southern Illinois. Clay is an excellent fruit growing country : 
peaches, apples, pears, and all other fruits common to this latitude seldom fail in yielding an 
abundant and profitable crop. Clay was organized in the year 1825, and the first courts were 
hell in that year at Maysville, which village was the county seat until 1840, since which time 
the seat of justice is located at Louisville. Clay has the advantage of the Ohio and Missis- 
sippi Railroad running east and west, and the Chicago branch of the Illinois Central running 
north and south. Clay has 80 school districts, with good school houses, in which schools are 
taught not less than six months in the year. 

The following is a list of the towns and villages: Clay City, Flora, Georgetown, Larkins- 
burg, Maysville, Louisville, Oskaloosa, and Henia. During the year 1860, there were pro- 
duced 131,976 bus. of wheat, and 1,741,450 bus. of corn. The number of white persons over 
-five and under twenty-one years of age in 1862, was 4,321, of whom 3,724 attended the public 
schools. There were 57 male and 42 female teachers, with an aggregate salary of $6,364. The 
total amount received for all school purposes during the same year, was $9,180. The assessed 
value of personal and real estate in 1863, was $1,654,216. Estimated true value, $3,804,665. 

Clinton County 

Was formed from Washington and a portion of Bond in December, 1824. It lies in the 
southern interior of the State, and is bounded on the north by Bond and Fayette, on the east 
by Marion, south by Washington, and on the west by St. Glair and Madison counties. The 
Ohio and Mississippi Railroad passes through this county almost directly east and west. This 
county is watered by the Kaskaskia River, which passes through it, and its tributaries Crooked 
Shoal and Sugar Creeks. The surface is about equally proportioned between prairies and 
timber. The timber, where it abounds, is generally of good quality. In this and some of the 
adjacent counties the soil is thinner, and the surface less rolling than in the counties farther 
north. The population in i860 was 10,941. There were owned in 1862 personal and real 
estate, to the assessed value of $2,347,936 ; the tr*e value being $5,500,170. (See Garlyle.) 

Coles County 

Is situated in the south-eastern interior of the State, and is bounded on the north by 
Douglas ; east by Edgar and Clark ; south by Cumberland, and west by Shelby and Moultrie 
counties. It was organized, in 1830, from Clark and Edgar counties," and at that time 
embraced also the present counties of Douglas and Cumberland. It was named in honor of 
Edward Coles, second Governor of Illinois. Coles county is twenty-seven miles long, east and 


west, and about nineteen wide. The surface is mostly rolling prairie, with a few groves of 
timber. The soil is very fertile, yielding abundant crops of Indian corn, wheat, oats, hay, etc. 
It is watered by the Embarras and Little Wabash, and their tributaries, that furnish excellent 
milling facilities. The Chicago Branch of the Illinois Central passes through the western, and 
the Terre Haute and St. Louis railroad through the Central portion of the county, affording 
ready access to northern, southern and eastern markets. These railroads intersect in the 
western part of the county, at the village of Mattoon. In 1860 the population was 14,203, 
In the same year there were 11,801 acres of wheat, 62,273 acres of corn, and 13,571 acres of 
other field products planted. In 1861 there were owned 7,136 horses, 15,509 cattle, 10,590 
sheep, and 31,544 swine. The number of children between five and twenty-one in 1862 was 
5,285, of whom 5,261 attended the public schools. There were 71 male, and 42 female 
teachers, drawing an entire salary of $11,790. Average number of months school was kept, 
6.4. Total amount of funds received for all school purposes in the county during the same 
year was $16,198. The following are the names of the townships: East Oakland, Seven 
Hickorres, Morgan, Humboldt, North, Okaw, Mattoon, Lafayette, Charleston, Ashmore, 
Hutton, Pleasant Grove and Paradise. 

Cook County 

Was organized January 15, 1831, and was named in honor of Daniel P. Cook, the first 
Attorney General of the Srate, through whose untiring efforts in behalf of that measure, a 
grant of 300,000 acres was obtained from Congress to aid in the construction of the Illinois 
and Michigan Canal. It is bounded on the north by Lake county, on the east by Lake Michigan, 
south by Will, and west by Will, Du Page and Kane counties. In length it is 48 miles, with 
an average width of about 20 miles. This may be considered the most important county in 
the State, not only on account of its magnitude and the wealth of its population, but also, as 
it contains the great western city of Chicago, the growth of which has become a marvel to the 
civilized world, but which will be more appropriately delineated in its proper place. 

The county township organizations, of which Chicago has twelve, is, namely: 1st, 2d, 3rd, 
4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th, wards, also, North, South and West Chicago. The 
remaining twenty-eight, are Barrington, Breman, Bloom, Calumet, Cicero, Elk Grove, Evan- 
ston, Hanover, "Hyde Park, Jefferson, Lake, Lemont, Lyons, Leyden, Maine, New Trier, 
Niles, Orland, Northfield, Palo?, Palastine, Proviso, Rich, Thornton, Lake View, Schaum- 
berg, Wheeling and Worth. 

The population of this county, taken from the U..S. Census of 1860, is 144,954. We are, 
however, perfectly satisfied that those figures were below the number, from some unknown 
cause. As we now write in 1864, we have reason to believe that the population of Cook 
County cannot be less than 180,000 souls, Chicago being roughly estimated as at least con- 
taining a population of 160,000. 

In 1861, there were owned 12,530 horses; 35,324 head of cattle ; 6,544 sheep; and about 
10,784 swine. Assessed value of land $26,563,242. In 1863, the assessed value of personal 
and real estate was $37,076,800. Estimated true value, $85,276,640. 

The annual report of the common schools, furnished by John F. Eberhart, Esq., the school 
commissioner, is voluminous and interesting. We can but insert the totals of the most important 
items. The whole number of districts in the townships are 198. The number of schools 195. 
The average number of months schools have been kept is 8.1. The number of white persons, 
between five and twenty-one years of age, is 48,225. The average attendance of scholars, 
25,761. The whole number of teachers, male 125, female 393. There are also 82 private 
schools, with 6,800 scholars. Number of school houses 197. The total amount received for 
all school purposes, $173,579. The total amount paid for teacher's salarys is $119,501. Ex- 
pended for all school purposes, 170,518. Highest monthly wages to male teachers, $160 ; to 
female teachers, $50. (See Chicago.) 

Crawford County 

Lies in the south-east part of the State, bounded on the north by Clark county, east by 
the State of Indiana, south by Lawrence, and west by Jasper. It was organized in 1816, and 
is 24 miles long east and west, and twenty-one in width, though not entirely square since the 
Wabash flows meanderingly along the south-eastern border. The Embarras River intersects 
the south-western portion, while Racoon, Hutson, Sugar, and LaMotte Creeks flow variously 
through the county. There is some fine rich prairie land in this county, well adapted to 

62 JOHN c. w. BAILEY'S 

growing abundant crops of corn. The population in 1860 was 11,551. During the same year 
there were produced 215,635 bushels of wheat, and 1.396,100 bushels of corn. In the year 
1861 there were in the county 3,647 horses, 7,179 cattle, 10,676 sheep, and 16,835 swine. In 
1862, of 5,491 persons between five and twenty-one, 4,498 attended the public schools. Number 
of male teachers, 76 ; female, 53, whose entire salary was $8,691. The schools were in session 
an average of 6 months. The total amount received for all school purposes was $11,025. 
The personal property and real estate of the county in 1863, had an estimated value of 
$2,802,547. Estimated true value, $6,072,185. 

4 Cumberland County 

Is situated in the south-eastern interior of the State, north of Jasper, and a portion of 
Effingham county, east of Shelby, south of Coles, and west of Clark, which also separates it 
fro'in the State of Indiana. It contains the following seven organized townships, viz: Cotton- 
wood. Crooked Creek, Greenup, Neoga, Spring Point, Uniontown, and Woodbury. Cumber- 
land is 24 miles in length east and west, and 12 miles broad. The central and 
western portion is well-proportioned with prairie and timber-land. The timber is similar to 
that bordering on the Kaskaskia, and generally of good quality. The soil of the prairie land 
is very rich and productive. There- are several small streams, some of which furnish excellent 
mill power. The Embarras River passes through the county from north to south. The 
Chicago Branch of the Illinois Central intersectsthe north-western township Neoga, and 
furnishes a convenient market for the producers in the western portion of the county. The 
population in 1860 was 8,311. Productions, wheat, 172,278 bushels; corn, 1,499,685. 
In 1861 there were 3,003 horses, 7,356 cattle, 7,206 sheep, and 16,904 swine. For the 
year ending October 1, 1862, there were in the county 3,306 persons between the ages of five 
and twenty-one, of whom 3,210 were in school. Number of male teachers, 62 ; female, 56 : 
drawing a total salary of $5,625. Average number of months school was kept, 6.1. Entire 
amount received for all school purposes, $6,481. In the year 1863 the "assessed value of 
personal property and real estate, was $1,410,245, and the estimated true value was $3,243,460. 

De Kalb County, 

Situated in the northern part of Illinois, is bounded north by Boone and the western part 
of McHenry, which also separate it from the State of Wisconsin, east by Kane and part of 
Kendall, south by LaSalle, and west by Lee and Ogle counties. In form it is rectangular, 
being 36 miles in length from north to south, arid 18 miles broad. It contains the following 
eighteen townships, viz : Afton, Clinton, DeKalb, Franklin, Genoa, Kingston, Malta, Mayfield, 
Milan, Pampas, Paw Paw, Pierce, Shebbona, Somonauk, South Grove, Squaw Creek, Sycamore 
Victor. The greater portion of this county is cultivated prairie, with some good timber land. 
The surface is undulating, and the soil of excellent quality. Immense quantities of wheat, 
oats, corn, beef, and butter are shipped to Chicago annually, via the Dixon Air Line Railroad, 
that intersects the central portion of the county east and west. The Chicago, Burlington 
and Quincy Railroad also passes over the south east border. This county is drained by the 
Sycamore,' also known by the Indian name of Kishwaukee in the northern, and by Ibdian Creek 
in the southern portion. 

On the 20th of May, 1832, fifteen persons belonging to the families of Messrs. Hall, Daviess and 
Pettigrew, were barbarously massacred by the Indians near the last mentioned stream. Two 
young ladie?, the Misses Hall, were taken prisoners, and afterwards redeemed, and two young 
lads made their escape. The bodies of men, women and children were shockingly mutilated, 
the houses of the settlers burned, their furniture destroyed, and their cattle killed all in 
daylight, within twenty miles of a large force of the militia ! This was done by the Indians 
under the famous Black Hawk. A portion of that band were exterminated during the same 
season by the combined forces of the United States troops and Illinois militia, and the 
remainder dispersed over the prairies west of the Mississippi. 

The population of DeKalb county from the census of 1860 was 19,086. In 1861 there were 
produced 1,282,374 bushels of wheat, 2,270,570 bushels of COPH, and there were 26,021 acres of 
other field products planted. The number of horses owned was 10,221 ; cattle, 22,512 ; sheep. 
4,514; swine, 9.788. During the year 1862, there were 7,054 children between five and 
twenty-one; scholars, 6,313. Of mile teachers there were 103, and female, 166, receiving 
for their services an aggregate of $17,934. The average number of fchool months was 6.9. 
Principal of township fund, $35,764. Interest of the same received, $3,606. Total amount 
received for all school purposes, $30,945. The assessed value of personal property and real 
ejtate in 1863 was $2,925,573. Estimated true value, $6,728,650. 


Dewitt County. 

This county was created by the legislature of 1838 and '39, by taking a strip four mUes in 
width from the south side of McLean, and a strip twelve miles in width from the north side 
of Macon county. It contains about 407 square miles. In the spring of 1839 it was organized 
by the election of E. W. Frues, sheriff, John J. McGraw, county clerk, F. G. Paine, pro- 
bate justice, and William Lowry, recorder. Its population at that time was 3,382. It was 
named by James Allen, Esq., then senator from McLean county, an ardent admirer of Dewitt 
Clinton. In 1836, Allen and Full laid out the present county seat,* and called it Clinton. 
When the county was first formed it extended east to the range line, between range six and 
seven east, but ia 1840 and '41, a triangular strip, six miles wide, at the north end and fifteen 
'at the south, was taken off and attached to Piatt county. The first white settler in the county 
came in 1828, John Cappenaign, a well to do farmer, still living, in the county, built the 
first house in this county. As early as the " deep snow" there were many settlers within her 
borders. In territory this county is among the smallest in the State, the prairies are suffici- 
ently rolling for all the purposes of cultivation and are very fertile, but the great boast of the 
county is its timber, so evenly distributed along the streams, and sufficient to fence the country 
into forty acre lots. The timber is mostly oak, and is so plenty that, even now, the best can 
be purchased at $25 00 per acre, in ten, twenty and forty acre lots. Clinton, the county 
seat, containing a population of two thousand, is beautifully located, adjoining the timber on 
the south and west. Fire has twice destroyed the business part of the town. It has now 
fourteen good brick stores, all well filled, and one of the finest grain elevators in central 
Illinois, owned and operated by Messrs. J. & W. Bishop ; capacity 40,000 bus. There are four 
flourishing villages in the county : Waynesville, Wappello, Marion and Mt. Pleasant, the two 
latter are particularly pleasant places. There are seven steam grist mills, eight steam saw 
mills and five or six water mills. The State tax in 1863, was $1,730,840. The vote in 1840 
was 609; 1863, 1951. The population in 1860 was 10,814. 

The Illinois Central Railroad passes over the central portion of the county. The surface 
is drained by several streams, among which are Salt Creek, Kickapoo, and branches of the 
North Fork of the Sangamon. In 1861 there were produced 316,890 bus. of wheat, and 
2,618,000 bus. of corn. In the same year there were 5,313 horses; 10,893 cattle; 6,804 
sheep; and 28,213 swine. There are thirteen organized townships, viz : Santa Anna, Rut- 
ledge, Wilson, Wapella, Waynesville, Barnett, Clintonia, Harp, De Witt, Nixon, Creek, 
Texas, and Tunbridge, with 4,002 children in 1862, between five and twenty-one. Scholars, 
3,350. Average number of months school was kept, 6,8. There were 57 male, and 37 female 
teachers, drawing a total salary of $9,421. Average per month for male, $28.15 ; female, 
$16.20. Total amount received in the county for all school purposes, $12,870. The assessed 
value of personal and real estate in 1863, was $2,247,844. Estimated true value, $5,169,940. 

Douglas County. 

Is situated in the south-eastern interior of the State, and is bounded north by Champaign, 
east by Edgar, which separates it from the State of Indiana, south by Coles, and west by 
Moultrie and Piatt Counties. It is twenty- seven miles long, east and west, and fourteen miles 
wide. The Chicago Branch of the Illinois Central Railroad crosses the western portion of the 
county. It is watered and drained by branches of the Kaskaskia River. The surface is usually 
alluvial prairie land, with some timber. The population in 1860 was 7,140. In 1861, the 
wheat crop amounted to 80,810 bushels. Corn, 2.150,665 bushels. In the same year there 
were in this county 3,664 horses ; 7,439 cattle ; 3,773 sheep ; and 18,114 swine. For the year 
ending October 1, 1862, there were 3,785 persons between five and twenty-one, of whom 2,932 
attended the public schools. There were 49 male and 38 female teachers. The number of 
months school was kept during the year was 6.5. Average monthly wages paid to male 
teachers was $24.27; to female, $18.58. Total received for all school purposes, $17,953. In 
1863, the assessed value of personal properly and real estate was $2,564,187. Estimated true 
value, $5,897,430. (See Tuscola.) 

Dupage County, 

Situated in the north-east pnrt of the State, is bounded on the no r th and east bv Cook 
county, south by Will, and west by Kane. It contains nino organized townships, viz Addi- 
son, Bloomingdale, Downer's Grove, Lisle, Milton, Naperville, Wayne, Winfield, and York, 


with a population in 1860, of 14,701. It is eighteen miles square, with an additional tract of 
land, about half a township in size, attacked on the south-east, bordering which flows the Des 
Plaines River. The Illinois and Michigan Canal and the Chicago and Alton Railroad pass in 
the same vicinity. The surface is mostly prairie, generally beautifully undulating, with a very 
productive soil. It is watered by the DuPage River, whose tributaries flow through the 
county in a southerly direction. There are also other streams crossing the north-eastern por- 
tion, flowing into the DesPlaines. The Chicago and Galena and the Chicago, Burlington and 
Quincy Railroads intersect this county, from east to west, the former through the central and 
the latter through the southern tier of townships. In the year 1861, there were owned in this 
county 6,773 horges ; 18,575 cattle; 22,060 .sheep; and 7,445 swine. In the previous year 
there were produced 302,742 bus. of wheat, and 1,200,155 bus. of corn. In 1862, there were 
5,035 children, between five and twenty-one. Attending school, 4,071. Number of male 
teachers 68, with an average salary per month, of $21.87, and 114 female teachers with 
an average salary of $13.79 per month. Average number of months schools were kept 7.1. 
Total amount received for all school purposes, $17,684. In the year 1863, the assessed value 
of personal and real estate was $2,271,227. Estimated true value, $5,453,760. (See Napervtile.) 

Edgar County, 

Named in honor of Col. John Edgar, one of the earliest settlers of Illinois, was organized 
from Clark, in 1823, and is bounded on the north by Vermilion, east by the State of Indiana, 
south by Clark, and west by Coles and Douglas counties. It is twenty-seven miles long from 
north to south, and twentv-three miles wide, containing the following fourteen organized 
townships, viz.- America, Bruellet formerly Brulette, Buck, Bymmes, Edgar, Elbridge, 
Embarras, Grandview, Kansas, Paris, Prairie, Ross, Stratton, and Young containing a popu- 
lation in 1860 of 16,925. About one-third of the county is timber, the balance fertile prairie. 
It is traversed by affluents of the Embarras and Bruellet Rivers. The Terre Haute & St. 
Louis Railroad passes through the county, giving ready access to eastern and southern markets. 
Edgar is a good agricultural county. In 1861, there were produced 324,072 bushels of wheat, 
and 3,465,455 bushels of corn. In the same year there were owned 8,184 horses, 20,888 
cattle, 20,804 sheep, and 44,325 swine. For the year ending October 1st, 1862, there were 
6,295 children attending the public schools, under 92 male and 93 female teachers, keeping 
an average of 6.3 months to each school, the male teachers at an average salary of $24.30 per 
month, and the females $17.38. Total amount received in the county for all school purposes, 
$18,827. In 1863, the personal and real estate had an assessed value of $4,560,815 ; esti- 
mated true value, $9,489,840. 

The first settlement in the county was made in the spring of 1816, by John Stratton and 
William Whitley, emigrants from Kentucky. In 1817, Jonathan Mayo, Remember Blackman, 
Aloysius Brown and Anthony Sanders came and settled. Stratton and Mayo are still living, 
and reside in the county. Charlotte Stratton, daughter of John Strattou, was the first white 
child born in the county ; she was born in June, 1817. Dr. Uel Murphy was among the first, if 
not the first, who died in the county. <? 

Edwards County 

Was organized from Gallatin, in 1814, and named in honor of Ninian Edwards, who served 
as Governor of Illinois Territory from 1809 to 1818, and was afterwards elected Governor of 
the State, 1826. Edwards is bounded north by Richland county, east by Wabash, south by 
White, and west by Wayne, and is twenty-two miles long from north to south, with an 
average width of ten and one-half miles. It contains five organized townships, viz.: Albion, 
Dixon, French Creek, Salem and Shelby. The surface consists of small rolling prairies, 
surrounded with groves of heavy timber. It is watered and drained by branches of the Little 
Wabash, which flows along the western border, and the Bon Pas, which forms its eastern 
boundary. Years ago, in the early settlement of the State, an English settlement, under the 
supervision of Messrs. Birbeck and Flowers, located in this county. The population in 1860 
was 5,454. Products in 1861 wheat, 114,624 bushels; corn, 849,365 bushels. There were 
owned, 2,336 horses, 5,824 cattle, 8,432 sheep, and 12,149 swine. The number of persons 
between five and twenty-one, according to the report of the Superintendent of Public 
Instruction, in 1862, was 2,516, of whom 2,274 attend school ; number of male teachers, 34, 
with an average salary of $21.14 per month; female teachers, 36 average salary, $12.96 ; 
average number of school months, 6.1 ; aggregate funds received for all school purposes, 
$5,733. The assessed value of personal property and real estate in 1863 was $1,064,359 ; 
estimated true value, $2,447,890. 


Effingham County, 

Situated in the south-eastern interior of the State, is bounded north by Shelby, and a 
corner of Cumberland counties, east by Jasper, south by Clay, and west and south- 
west by Fayette. It was laid out from Fayette county by the Legislature in 1831, 
but did not become organized by the election of officers, and in possession of county 
privileges till the spring of 1833. It is twenty-four miles long, east and west, and twenty-one 
broad, containing thirteen organized townships, viz: Bishop Creek, Douglas, Jackson, Liberty, 
Lucas, Mason, Mound, O'Mockinson, St. Francis, Summit, Union, Watson, and West, with 
a population in 1860, of 7,816. This county is drained by the Little Wabash and its tributaries. 
The Chicago Branch of the Illinois Central Railroad passes through the county. In 1861 
there were in Effingham county 2,605 horses, 9,004 cattle, 5,663 sheep, and 16,793 swine. 
There were also produced 97,784 bushels wheat, and 1,202, 795 bushels of corn. For the year 
ending October 1, 1862, there were 2,240 scholars; 46 male, and 22 female teachers. Total 
amount expended for all school purposes, $6,982. Average number of months school was 
kept is 6.7. In 1863, the assessed value of personal and real estate was $1,266,937. Estimated 
true value, $2,745,030. 

Fayette County. 

Was organized from Bond, Edwards, Crawford and Clark, in 1821, embracing at that time 
a wide extent of territory, but has since been divided into several counties. It is situated in 
the southern interior of the State, and contains fourteen organized townships, viz : Avena, 
Bowling Green, Hurricane, Kaskaskia, LaClede, London, Otego, Ramsey, Sefton, Seminary, 
Sharon, Vandalia, Wheatland and Wilberton, containing in 1860 a population of 11,189. The 
Kaskaskia River flows in a south-westerly direction through the entire county. The 
surface is also drained by Hurricane Fork, Big Hickory and several other creeks. There is an 
abundance of excellent, timber land in this county, especially along the banks of the Kaskaskia 
River and Hurricane Fork, and this in addition to the good water power of the several streams 
makes it a first- rate locality for manufacturing establishments. There are several small lakes 
in the interior and western portion of the county. In 1861 the products were 254,590 bushels 
of wheat, and 1,817,640 bushels of corn. There were also in the county 5,198 horses, 14,793 
cattle, 10,077 sheep, and 28,844 swine. In 1862 there were 4,803 persons between the ages of 
five and twenty-one. Scholars, 4,600. The number of male teachers was 90, female, 47 
Average number of months school was kept, 6.5. Total amount expended for all school 
purpases, $12,916. The assessed value of personal property and real estate in 1863 was 
$2,003,781. Estimated true value, $4,441,525. (See Vandalia.) 

Ford County 

Is situated in the eastern interior of the State, and is of a very peculiar form. The body of 
the county is eighteen miles in length east and west, and fifteen north and south ; in addition 
to this, the eastern tier of counties extends north from the northern line of Ford proper, a 
distance of twenty-six miles, and the southern tier extends east a distance of ten miles, con- 
taining in all about 486 square miles. There are in this county three organized townships, 
viz: Drummer Grove, Paxton and Stockton, with a population, in 1860, of 1,979. In the 
interior of the county are found several small lakes, the largest of which occupies about four 
square miles. This county is drained by affluents of the Sangumon and Spring' Creeks. The 
Chicago branch of the Illinois Central Railroad passes thvough the eastern, and the Logans- 
port, Peoria and Burlington Railroad, through the northern portion of the county. In 1861, 
there were 987 horses; 2,670 cattle; 156 sheep; and 2,326 swine, per assessors returns. 
Products: wheat, 53,496 bus., corn, 680,625 bus. In 1862, there weie 733 persons between 
five and twenty-one years of age, and 697 attending the public schools. Number of male 
teachers 11, with $25 average monthly wage?, and 21 female teachers, whose average monthly 
wages were $17. Average number of months schools were in session, 7.3. Total amount 
expended for all school purposes, $6,285. The assessed value of personal and real estate in 
in 1863, was $823,293. Estimated true value, $1,783,801. (See Paxton.) 


66 JOHN c. w. 

Franklin County, 

Situated in the southern part of the State, is bounded north by Jefferson, east by Hamilton 
and a corner of Saline, south by Williamson, and west by Jackson and Perry counties. It 
was formed from portions of Gallatin, White, and an attached part of Jackson county in 1818. 
It is twenty-four miles long, east and west, and eighteen miles wide. The surface is level or 
slightly undulating ; the prairie small, timber in abundance and good, and the soil rather 
sandy, but rich and productive. The staples are corn, wheat ana oats; cotton and tobacco are 
cultivated to some extent. This county is watered by the Big Muddy and its branches. The 
Illinois Central passes near the western borders. 

In 1861 there were 2,323 horses, 8,777 cattle, 8,813 sheep, and 21,182 swine. And during 
the same year there were 157,675 bushels of wheat, and 787,050 bushels of corn raised, 
together with crops of oats, potatoes, etc. In 1862 there were 4,278 persons between the ages 
of five and twenty-one, while the number of children in the public schools was 2,689. Number 
of male teachers, 51, with an average salary of $23.45 per month; and 12 female teachers, 
whose average monthly salary was $18.75. Average number of months school was kept was 
6. Total amount expended for all school purposes, $6,605. Franklin county contains ten 
organized townships, viz : Benton, Cave, Eastern, Ewing, Four Mile, Frankfort, Horse Prairie, 
Northern,' Osage, aiid Spring Settlement, with a population in 1860 of 9,393. 

Fulton County 

Is situated in the western interior of the State, and is bounded on the north by Knox and 
a part of Peoria, east by Peoria county and the Illinois river, which also separates it from 
Tazewell and* Mason counties, south by the Illinois River and a corner of Schuyler, and on the 
west by Schuyler, McDonough and Warren counties. It is from nine to thirty six miles long, 
north and south, and from fourteen to thirty miles east and west. Fulton was formed from 
Pike county in 1825, and now contains twenty-six organized townships, viz: Astoria, Banner, 
Bernadotte, Buckhart, Canton, Cass, Deerfield, Ellisville, Fairview, Fannington, Farmers, 
Harris, Isabel, Joshua, Kenton, Lee, Lewiston, Liverpool, Orion, Pleasant, Putnam, Union, 
Vermont, Waterford, Woodland, and Young Hickory, with a population in 1860 of 33,338. 
This is one of the finest counties in the Stute. Its surface consists of undulating and highly 
cultivated prairies, diversified with excellent timber. It is estimated that at least one-third of 
the county is heavily timbered. The Illinois River flows along the eastern border, Spoon River 
in a south and south-easterly course through the interior. In addition, there are several 
smaller streams, as Copperas Creek in the north-east, and Otter Creek in the south. The 
greater portion of the .streams flow over gravelly beds, and furnish good milling facilities. The 
Lewiston Branch of the C. B. & Q. R. R.' passes through from the north as far south as 
Lewiston, its present terminus. The train line of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad 
also intersects the north-west corner of the county. There is an abundant supply of coal, 
particularly in the vicinity of Canton. In many places it is found just beneath the surface, 
where, with pick and shovel, it is quite easily obtained. In 1861 the products were : of wheat, 
673,740 bushels ; corn, 4,293,700 bushels ; besides some 23,967 acres of other field products. 
There were in the county also, 12,747 horses; 27,868 cattle; 18,630 sheep; and 74,409 
swine. In 1862 there were 13,451 persons between the ages of five and twenty one scholars, 
12,982. Number of male teachers, 151, whose average monthly wages were $25 ; and 146 
female teachers average monthly wages, $14. Average number months school was kept, 6.5, 
Total amount expended for all school purposes, $3H,938. Received $37,214. The assessed 
value of personal ard real estate in 1863 was $4,890,797. Estimated true value, $10,596,726. 
[See Canton and Lewiston.) 

Gallatin County 

Was organized in 1812. It is situated in the south-eastern part of the State, and is 
bounded on the north by White county, east by the Wabash, separating it from Indiana. 
The Ohio River separates it from the State of Kentucky on the south by Hardin county and 
west by Siline. The greater portion of the county consists of timber land ; sand predominates 
in the soil, which is fertile and generally under cultivation. Suit and coal abound. The sur- 
face is drained principally by Saline River, and its affluents flowing through the interior and 
south-western portion of the county. It is twenty-one miles long, north and south, and 
from twelve to eighteen in width, and contains nine townships, viz; Bear Creek, Eagle, 


Equality, New Haven, North Fork, Saline, Shawneetown, Wabash and White Oak, with a 
population, in 1860, of 8,055. In 1861, there were 2,195 horses; 6,363 cattle; 4,180 sheep ; 
and 16,330 swine, in the county. During the same year there were 61,557 bus. of wheat, 
1,059,450 bus. of corn, and 850 acres of hay, oats, cotton, tobacco, etc., produced. In 1862, 
the number of children attending school was 2,413. Number of male teachers, 33, with an 
average salary of $26 per month. Number of female teachers 14, whose average salary was 
$17 per month. Average number of months school was in session, 6.9. Total amount 
expended for all school purposes, $9,049. The assessed value of personal and real estate in 
1863, was $1,421,087. Estimated true value, $3,078,998. 

Greene County 

Was formed from Madison, in January, 1821. It is bounded on the north by Scott county, 
east by Macoupin, south by Jersey, and west by the Illinois River, which separates it from Cal- 
honn and Pike counties. It contains thirteen organized townships, viz : Bluff Dale, Carrollton, 
Eastern, Fayette, Greenfield, Kane, Mineral Spring, Mountary, New Providence, Northwestern, 
Walkerville, White Hall, and Woodville, with a population, in 1860, of 16,093. In length, 
east and west, it is about 24 miles, and from 18 to 27 miles wide. The surface is somewhat 
undulating, with a large portion of timber land and upland prairies. The soil is of excellent 
quality. Corn, wheat, oats and hay are the principal productions. Fruit is cultivated to some 
extent. Apple Creek and its branches flow through the interior. The southern portion is 
watered by the affluents of Macoupin Creek. The western portion of the county borders on 
the Illinois River, along which are found several small lakes, the principal of which is Grand 
Pass. Along the western limits run a chain of bluffs, consisting mostly of a horizontal strata 
of lime and sand-stone, sometimes receding several miles east of the river, leaving a low, 
fertile alluvion, whicfris usually timber land, along the banks of the river, and a prairie sur- 
face toward the bluffs. Bituminous coal abounds. In 1861, there,, were 7,295 horses ; 13,262 
cattle; 8,876 sheep; and 28,555 swine. The agricultural productions amounted to 395,573 
bus. of wheat, 2,546,650 bus. of corn, and 8,604 acres of other field products. In 1862 there 
were 5,360 persons between the ages of five and twenty-one. The number of scholars was 
4,262. Number of male teachers 68, with an average monthly salary of $27.12. Female 
teachers 40, average monthly salary $17.19. Total amount expended for all school purposes, 
$15,259. Amount received $18,566. The value of personal and real estate in 1863, was 
assessed at $3,055,612. Estimated true value, $6,620,492. 

Grundy County. 

This county is situated in the east-north-eastern interior of the State, and is bounded on 
the north by Kendall county, on the east by Will and Kankakee counties, on the south by 
Livingston, and west by LaSalle county. It is twentv-four miles long, north and south, and 
eighteen east and west, containing twelve organized townships, viz.: AuSable, Braceville, 
Felix, Greenfield, Goodfarm, Highland, Mazon, Morris, Nettle Creek, Norman, Saratoga and 
Vienna, with a population of 10,379 in 1860. This county is intersected through the northern 
interior by the Illinois River, which is formed by the confluence of the Kankakee and 
Des Plaints Rivers in the north-eastern township, AuSable. The Illinois & Michigan Canal 
and the Chicago & Rock Island Railroad also pass through the same portion, and in about the 
same direction. The Chicago & Alton Railroad intersects the south-east corner. The surface 
is nearly level, though in some places quite undulating. The southern portion is watered b 
Mazon Creek and its branches. The soil is fertile. In 1861, there were produced 139,828 
bushels of wheat, 2,696,980 bushels of corn, and good crops of oats, hay, etc. In the same 
year, there were owned in the county 4,871 horses, 13,182 cattle, and 4,346 swine. 
According to the school commissioner's report for 1862, there were 3,899 persons between the 
ages of five and twenty-one, and 2,890 children attending the public schools. Number of 
male teachers, 48 ; female, 77 ; average salary of male teachers per month was $22.82, and of 
the female teachers $15.49 ; average number of months the schools were in session was 6.7. 
Total amount expended for all school purposes, $13,537 ; total received, $14,902. In 1863J 
the assessed value of personal and real estate was $2,314,331 ; estimated true value' 

68 JOHN c. w. BAILEY'S 

Hamilton County. 

This county is situated in the south-eastern part of the State, and is bounded on the north 
by Wayne, east by White, south by Saline, and west by Franklin and Jefferson counties. It 
was organized from White, in 1821, and is at present twenty-four miles in length, north and 
south, and eighteen east and west. Hamilton contains the following named eight townships, 
viz.: Beaver Creek, Crouch, Flanegan, Knight's Prairie, Lasater, McLeansboro, Mayberry 
and Shelton, with a population in 1860 of 9,915. It is watered by Saline Creek and the 
Skillet Fork of Little Wabash and their branches. There is considerable timber land in this 
county, and a tract of swamp in the north part. In 1861, there were 2,838 horses, 7,627 
cattle, 6,992 sheep, and 15,636 swine in the county. The products were, of wheat, 152,592 
bushels: corn, 1,105,550 bushels, and 4,746 acres of oats, hay, potatoes, &c. In 1862, there 
were fifty-seven schools, and 2,975 scholars attending. The number of persons between the 
ages of five and twenty-one was 3,984. Number of male teachers', 60, with an average salary 
of $24 ; female, 12, with an average salary of ,$16 per month; the schools were in session an 
average of 6 months. Total amount expended for all school purposes, $7,860; total received, 
$7,,598. The assessed value of personal property and real estate in 1863 was $1,294,371 ; 
estimated true value, $2,804,503. 

Hancock County 

Is situated in the extreme western portion of the State, with Henderson county on the 
north, McDonough and a portion of Schuyler east, and Adams on the south, while the 
Mississippi River flows along the western borders. It was formed from Pike county in 1825, 
and is at present thirty miles in length north and south, with an average width of about twenty- 
five miles, containing twenty-two organized townships, viz : Appanese, Augusta, Bear Creek, 
Carthage, Chili, Durham, Fountain Green, Hancock, Harmony, LaHarpe, Monte Bello, Pilot 
Grove, Pontoosac, Prairie, -Rock Creek, Rocky Run, St. Albans, St. Mary's, Sonora, Walker, 
Wiloox and Wythe, with a population in 1860 of 29,061. Hancock Prairie, from twelve to 
twenty miles in width, runs from south to north through this county. On the east it is watered 
by Crooked Creek ; on the south west by Bear, and on the north-west by Camp Creek. 
Though the timber is not as abundant in this as in some counties of the State, there is some 
along the banks of Bear Creek, and strips line the Mississippi in some places of considerable 
width and good quality. The surface is rolling, and the soil exceedingly rich, producing fine 
crops of corn, wheat, oats, broom corn, etc. 

In 1861 the products were 503,410 bushels of wheat ; 5,624,190 bushels corn, and 27,028 
acres of oats, hay, etc. In the county there were 10,100 horses, 26,186 cattle, 6,984 sheep, 
and 48,491 swine. In 1862 there were 168 public schools, with 9,167 scholars. The number 
of persons between, the ages of five and twenty-one, was 11,743. Number of male teachers, 
134; their average salary was $24.46 per month. Female teachers, 127, with an average 
salary of $15.69 per month. Average number of months the schools were in session was 7. 
Total amount expended for all school purposes, $32,944. Total received, $37,289. The 
assessed value of personal and real estate in 1863 was $4,590,635. Estimated true value, 
$9,946,375. In the north-western part of this county is situated the once famous city of 
Nauvoo, of Mormon notoriety. There are several flourishing towns in this county, among 
which are Carthage, Plymouth, Augusta, LaHarpe and Warsaw, (which see.) 

Hardin County, 

Situated in the extreme south-eastern part of the State, is bounded on the north by 
Gallatin, east and south by the Ohio River which separates it from the State of Kentucky 
and on the west by Pope county. This is one of the smallest counties in the State, having an 
average length of about sixteen miles, and an average width of ten miles, containing five 
townships, viz: Cave in-Rock, McFarlan, Monroe, Rock Creek, and Rosi Clair. Population 
in 1860, 3,759. In 1861 there were 899 horses, 3,068 cattle, 2,589 sheep, and 9,501 swine. 
Products, 49,589 bushels of wheat ; corn, 513,850 bushels In 1862 there were 1,488 children 
between the ages of five and twcntv-one, and 1,276 attent ing the district schools. Teachers, 
28. Twenty-three male, with an average salary of $28.28 per month. Five female, whose 
average salary was $21. 77 per month. Total amount expended for all school purposes, $3,487. 
Total received, $3,660. Average number of months the sc.'iools were in session was 6. The 


assessed value of personal and real estate in this county in 1863 was $538,640. Estimated 
true value, $1,167,053. 

CAVE-IN-ROCK. This natural curiosity, long known to all navigators of the Ohio, is situated 
on the north bank of that river, in the southern part of this county. " Such caves and piles 
of Rock were called by the Indians Mon-e-lo, spelled Man-'i-teau by the French, and by others 
sometimes Mon-it-to. It signifies ' The residence of a spirit, 1 either good or bad. There are 
several Mon-e-toes in Illinois, Missouri, and other western States. One is at the precipices of 
the Mississippi, adjoining Lower Alton. The Indians used to relate some wild and extravagant 
legends of the freaks of these imaginary beings at their ' residences,' and strove to propitiate the 
favor of the Mori-e-to, by liberal offerings, and the firing of guns, as they passed by his 
habitation. The one known to Americans by the name of Cave-in-Rock, was long the 
rendezvous of a class of beings far more formidable and dangerous to the whites than the 
Indian Mon-e-toes. In 1797 it was the place of resort and security to Mason and his gang of 
robbers, who plundered and murdered the crews of boats, while descending the Ohio." 

Henderson County. 

This county formed a part of Warren until 1841. It is situated in the west-north western 
part of the State, with Mercer county on the north, Warren east, McDonough and Hancock 
counties on the north, and the Missississippi River flowing along the western borders. It 
contains the following named eleven townships, viz.: Bald Bluff, Bedford, Biggsville, 
Greenville, Honey Creek, Olena, Oquawka, South Henderson, Terre Haute, Walnut Grove 
and Warren, with a population in I860 of 9,501. It is thirty miles in length, north and 
south, and from eight to eighteen wide. Henderson Creek traverses the northern, Ellison's 
Creek the central, and Honey Creek the southern portion of the county. Along these streams 
are several good mill seats. In the eastern portion of the county the land is usually undu- 
lating, and where timber exists it is of good quality. ''Much of the land that lies along the 
river is low, subject to inundation, and 'has a series of sand ridges back of it, with bold and 
pointed bluffs further in the rear." The Burlington branch of the C., B. & Q. R. R. passes 
through the interior of the county, east and west. The productions for 1861 were, 368,135 
bushels of wheat, 2,619,375 bushels of corn, and proportionate crops of oats, hay, sorghum, 
etc. There were in the county 3,940 horses, 12,074 cattle, 2,527 sheep, and 25,347 swine. 
In 1862, there, were 3,895 persons between the ages of five and twenty one, and 3,290 attend- 
ing the public schools. Number of male teachers, 62, with an average salary of $25 per 
month, and 58 female teachers, with a salary of $16.50 per month. Average number of 
months schools were in session, 6.6. Total amount paid for all school purposes, $12,166. 
The assessed value of personal and real estate in 1863 was $1,922,184 ; estimated true value, 

Henry County 

Is situated in the north-western interior of the State, and is bounded on the north by 
Rock Island and Whiteside counties, east by Bureau and a corner of Stark, south by Stark 
and Knox, and on the west by Mercer and Rock Island counties. It was formed in 1825, but 
not organized for judicial purposes until about ten years after. In size it is thirty miles 
square, save a portion of land equal to twelve miles by six in the north-west, dissected by the 
course of Rock River. In the southern and eastern portions of this county the surface is 
undulating, but in the northern part it is frequently quite level, and in some places wet and 
swampy. It is drained by Edward's Creek, some of the head waters of Spoon River, Rock 
and Green Rivers. This county contains twenty-three organized townships, viz.: Alba, 
Andover, Annawan, Atkinson, Burns, Cambridge, Clover, Colona, Cornwell, Edford, Galva, 
Geneseo, Kewanee, Loraine, Lynn, Munson, Oscow, Oxford, Phoenix, Weller, Western, 
Wt-therfield and Yorktown, with a population in 1860 of 20,660. In 1862, there were 156 
public schools in this county, and 7,444 scholars. The number of those between the ages of 
five and twenty-one was 7,895. Number of male teachers 101, with an average salary of $27 
per month ; female, 153, whose salary averaged $17 per month. Total amount expended for 
all school purposes, $34,889 ; total received, $44,988. Average number of months the 
schools were in session, 7.5. In 1861, there were in the county 10,176 horses, 22,930 cattle, 
2,871 sheep, and 19,483 swine. The products were, in wheat, 1,120,986 bushels; corn, 
3,779,850 bushels, and over 22,000 acres of oats, hay, etc. The value of assessed personal 
property and real estate was $3,553,079 ; estimated true value, $7,698,337. (See Andover, 
Geneseo and Kewanee.') 

70 JOHN C. W. 

Iroquois County, 

Situated in the eastern part of the State, has Kankakee county on the north, the State of 
Indiana east, Vermillion county on the south, and Ford and Livingston counties on the west. 
It was laid off by the Legislature of 1833, and is at present thirty-five miles long north and 
south, and about thirty-one wide. It contains sixteen organized townships, viz : Ash Grove, 
Ashkum, Beaver, Bellmont, Chebanse, Concord, Crab Apple, Douglas, Iroquois, Lodi, 
Martinton, Middleport, Milford, Onarga, Papineau and Prairie Green, with a population in 1860 
of 12,325. A large proportion of this county is prairie ; the timber is in groves along the 
streaiiis. It is watered by the Iroquois River and its branches Spring, Sugar, and several 
other creeks. The Iroquois flows in a northerly direction, uniting with the Kankakee River 
in the northern portion of the county. It received its name from the circumstance of a party 
of Iroquois Indians being surprised and massacred on its banks by the Illinois nation. In 1861 
there were 6,486 horses, 16,778 cattle, 7,770 sheep, and 15,223 swine in the county, and in 
addition to over 11,000 acres of oats, hay, sorghum, potatoes, etc., there were produced 
156,502 bushels of wheat, and 2,824,100 bushels of corn. During the year 1862 there were 
2,720 children attending the district schools, and 83 male teachers, whose salary averaged $25 
per month, also 114 female teachers with an average salary of $16 per month. Number of 
persons between the ages of five and twenty-one, 3,415. Total amount expended for all 
school purposes, $ 10,294. Total received, $10,598. Average number of months the schools 
were in session, 6.6. In 1S63 the assessed value of personal and real estate was $3,920,776. 
Estimated true value, $7,841,552. The Chicago Branch of the Illinois Central and the Great 
Western Railroads pass through this county, the former north and south through the western 
portion, and the latter east and west through the interior. 

Jackson County. 

This county is situated in the southern part of the State, and is bounded on the north by 
Perry county, east by Franklin and Williamson, south by Union, and West by the Mississippi 
River and Randolph county. It was organized from Randolph and Johnson in 1816. At 
present it is from nineteen to twenty-nine miles east and west, and twenty-four miles north 
and south, containing the following named eleven townships, viz : Beaucoup, Big Hill, 
Buncombe, Carbondale, DeSoto, DeGognia, Elk Prairie, Kincnid, Princeton, Rfflge and Town, 
with a population in 1860 of 9,589. The larger portion of this county consists of timber 
land, except in the north eastern part, where there are some fine prairies. The Big Muddy 
River traverses the interior of the county. There is an abundance of coal ; and salt is 
obtained in considerable quantities in the vicinity of the Big Muddy. The Illinois Central 
Railroad passes through the eastern portion of the county. In 1861 there 16,010 acres 
of wheat, 21,998 acres of corn, and 2,776 acres of other products were planted. There were 
owned in the county, 3,749 horses, 9,541 cattle, 4,589 sheep, and 24,017 swine. According to 
the report of the State Superintendent, there were'in 1862 3,415 persons between the ages of 
five and twenty-one, and 2,720 attending the district schools. The schools were in session an 
average of 6.6. months. Number of male teachers, 44, with au average of $26 per month. 
Female teachers, 24, with an average salary per month of $20. Total amount expended for 
all school purposes, $10,294. Total received, $10,598. The assessed value of personal and 
real estate in 1863 was $1,182,631. Estimated true value, $2,562,367. 

Fountain Bluff also known as the Big Hill, is situated on the Mississippi River, six 
miles above the mouth of the Big Muddy, in the south-western part of this county. 
It is of an oval shape, eight miles in circumference, with an elevation of over three hundred 

Jasper County 

Was organized from Crawford and small portions of Lawrence and Clay, in 1831. It is 
situated in the south-east part of the State, and is bounded on the north by Cumberland and 
a corner of Clark, east by Crawford, south by Richland and a corner of Clay, and west by 
Effingliam and a corner of Clay. It is twenty-two miles square, containing nine organized 
townships, viz : Crooked Creek, Grandville, Grove, North Muddy, Saint Marie, Smallwood, 
South Muddy, Wade and Willow Hill, with a population in I860' of 8,364. The Embarras 
river traverses the central, and the Muddy Fork of the Little Wabash the south-western part 


of the county. In 1861, there were 2,785 horses, 7,389 cattle, 8,342 sheep, and 14,947 swine 
owned in the county, and during the same year there were 4,333 acres of wheat, 19,673 acres 
of corn, and 3,246 acres of oats, hay, sorghum, &c., cultivated. In 1862, there were 3,623 
persons between the ages of five and twenty-one, and 2,948 attending the district schools. 
The number of male teachers employed was 64, at an average salary of $22 per month ; female, 
46 average salary $16 per month. The schools were in session an average of 6.3 mojitha 
Total amount expended for all school purposes, $8,235 ; total received, $8,780. In 1863, the 
assessed value of personal and real estate was $1,053,495 ; estimated true value, $2,282,572. 

Jefferson County 

Was organized from Edwards and White counties, in 1818. It is situated in the southern 
interior of the State, and is bounded on the north by Marion, east by Wayne and Hamilton, 
south by Franklin, and west by Perry and Washington counties. In size it is twenty-four 
miles square, containing the following named thirteen townships, viz.: Blissville, Elk Prairie, 
Grand Prairie, Horse Creek, Horse Prairie, Jackson, Knob Prairie, Lynchburg, Moore's 
Prairie, Mount Prairie, Prairie Long, Rome and Spring Garden, with a population in 1860 of 
12,965. The soil of this county is generally fertile, being about one-third prairie, ard the 
balance timber lands. All the lands of the county are well adapted to the growth of corn, 
wheat, oats, grass and tobacco. The elevated timber and barren lands are eminently fitted 
for the production of fruits. In the production of apples and peaches, Jefferson county stands 
unrivalled among the counties of Southern Illinois. While the peculiar character of 'the soil 
of the timber lands insures a rapid and vigorous growth of the trees, the elevated position of 
most of these lands insures against a failure of the fruit crop. The chief exports of the countj 
are live stock, wheat, tobacco and fruits. The castor bean has been exported quite largely 
for many years. This county is watered by the head waters of the Big Muddy, several of 
which have their source in this county. The Illinois Central Railroad passes near its western 
borders. In 1861, there were 4,291* horses, 16,425 cattle, 13,432 sheep, and 30,263 swine 
owned in the county. Also, 9,589 acres of wheat, 24,757 acres of corn, and 5,262 acres of 
oats, hay, etc., were cultivated. In 1862, there were 94 public schools, with 4,321 scholars. 
The number of children in the county between the ages of five and twenty-one was 5,473. 
The number of teachers employed was 112 male, 68; female, 44 the former with an 
average salary of $21, and the latter of $15 per month. The schools were in session an 
average of 6.6 months during the year. Total amount expended for all school purposes, 
$8,901 ; total received, $10,602. The assessed value of personal and real estate for 1863 was 
$1,639,603; estimated true value, $3,552,473. Among the towns of this county are Mount 
Vernon, Lynchburg and Spring Garden. The first settlers in what is now Jefferson county 
were Moore, Daniel Granger, Barton Atchison, William Carey, Isaac Carey, Dempsey 
Hood, William Hines and Thomas Jordan, who emigrated to the State of Illinois in 1816 and 
1817. The chief portion of the population for the first twenty years was composed of 
emigrants from Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee and North Carolina. Since that time a consid- 
erable portion of the immigrant population has been from the States of Ohio nd Indiana. 
The first death was that of Rhoda Allen, in 1819. The first white child born within the 
bounds of this county was Abraham Carey. The first county court was held in July, 1819, by 
county commissioners, Zadoc Carey, Joseph Jordan and Fleming Greenwood ; Joel Pace, 
clerk, and Lewis Walkins, sheriff. The first circuit court was held in Mount Vernon, in 
October, 1819, Judge William Wilson presiding, and Joel Pace acting as clerk. 

Jersey County. 

This county is situated in the west-south-west part of tli3 State, at the confluence of the 
Illinois and Mississippi Rivers ; and has Greene county on the north, Macoupin on the east, 
while the Mississippi River flows along its southern and the Illinois along its western borders. 
It contains six organized townships, viz: Delhi, Fidelity, Fielding, Illinois, Jersey, and Mis- 
sippi, with a population, in 1860, of 12,051. The country consists of woodland interspersed 
with prairie. The soil consists principally of a light, sandy loam, and is watered by the bran- 
ches of Macoupin Creek, which flows along its northern borders, and by several small streams 
that flow into the Illinois and Mississippi Rivers. - The Chicago" and Alton railroad 
intersects the south-east corner. In 1861, there were 381,575 bus. of wheat ; 1,404,400 
bus. of corn, besides over 4,000 acres of oats, hay, etc., produced. There were 4,344 per- 
sons between the ages of five and twenty-one, in 1862, and 3,203 attending the district schools. 

72 JOHN c. w. BAILEY'S 

There were 54 male and 49 female teachers employed in the former at a salary of $28, and the 
latter at $18 per month. The schools were in session, during the year, an average of 7.9 
months. The total amount expended during the year for all school purposes was $12,250. 
Total amount received, $14,233. The assessed value of personal property and real estate in 
1863, was $2,332,562. Estimated true value, $5,053,884. (See Jersyville.) 

Jo Daviess County. 

Jo Daviess county was formed in 1827. It is situated in the extreme north-west corner of 
the State, and is bounded on the north by the State of Wisconsin, east by Stephenson county, 
south by Carroll county, and west by the Mississippi River. It is from twenty-one to thirty- 
three miles in length, east and west, and about twenty-one miles wide. It contains twenty- 
one organized townships, viz : Apple River, Berriman, Hill, Courtland, Derinda, East 
Galena, Elizabeth. Guilford, Hanover, Menomonee, Nona, Pleasant Valley, Rice, Rush, Scales 
Mound, Stockton, Thompson, Vinegar Hill, Ward Grove, West Galena, and Woodbine, with 
a population, in 1860, of 27,325. It is watered by Galena (formerly Fever) River, Apple River, 
and several other smaller streams. This county is rich, both for agricultural and mining pur- 
poses; lead is in abundance here. The surface is undulating, in some places partially hilly and 
well watered both with springs and mill streams. The soil is generally good. In 1861, there 
were 535,007 bus. of wheat ; 1,827,750 bus. of corn, and over 27,000 acres of oats, hay, 
sorghum, etc., produced; and there were owned in the county, 7,059 horses; 21,691 cattle; 
2,926 sheep; and 19.331 swine. In 1862, there were 14,856 persons, between the ages of five 
and twenty-one, and 7,042 attending the public schools, which were in session during the year 
an average of 7.6 months. There were 82 male and 114 female teachers employed, the former 
at an average salary of $28, and the latter $16 per month. The total amount received for all 
school purposes was $30,153. Total expended, $29,908. The value of personal and real 
estate, assessed in 1863, was $2,119,605. Estimated true value, $6,348,815. (See Galena.') 

Johnson County 

Was organized from Randolph county, in 1812. It is situated in the southern part of the 
State, and is bounded on the north by Williamson county, east by Pope, south by Massac and 
a portion of Pulaski, and on the west by Union. In size it is eighteen miles square, with an 
addition on the south-west of a tract about eight miles by two, containing the following nine 
townships, viz.: Atley, Bluff, Cache, Elvira, Flat Lick, Saline, Simpson, Sulphur Springs 
and Vienna, with a population in i860 of 9,342. The interior of the county is watered by 
Cash (sometimes written Cache) River and Big Bay Creek. Between these two, and ten or 
twelve miles from the Ohio River, which washes its southern boundary, is n line of ponds, 
interspersed with ridges and islands of rich land. Johnson contains considerable quantities 
of good land, tolerable level, well timbered, and of a somewhat sandy soil The principal 
timber in this region is cypress, sugar maple, oaks of various species, hickory, sweet gum, 
with borne poplar, elm, walnut and cedar. In 1861, there were owned in this county 2,002 
horses, 4,938 cattle, 4,472 sheep, and 11,600 swine. In 1862, there were 4,010 persons 
between the ages of five and twenty-one, and 3,075 attending the district schools, which were 
in session during the year an average of 5.8 months, under the care of 44 male and 11 female 
teachers, the former at an average salary of $29, and the latter $23 per month. The total 
amount received for all school purposes was $8,396 ; total amount expended, $6,913. The 
assessed value of personal and real estate in 1863 was $967,892 ; estimated true value, 

Kane County. 

Kane county is situated in the north-eastern part of the State, and is bounded on the 
north by McHenry county, east by Cook and DuPage, south by Kendal and west by DeKalb. 
It was organized from the attached portion of LaSalle county, in January, 1836, and is at 
present thirty miles, in length, north and south, and eighteen east and west. This county 


contains sixteen- organized townships, viz.: Aurora, Batuvia, Blackberry, Big Rock, Bur- 
lington, Campton, Dundee, Elgin, Geneva, Hampshire, Kaneville, Plato, Rutland, St. Charles, 
Sugar Grove and Virgil, with a population in I860 of 30,062. The surface consists of the 
most beautiful undulating prairies, diversified with some fine groves of timber. The soil is of 
excellent quality, producing fine crops of wheat, corn, hay, oats, etc. In 1861, the products 
were 637,826 bushels of wheat, 1,615,120 bushels of corn, besides 26,000 acres of oats, hay, 
&c. There were in the county, per assessor's teturns, in the same year, 9,287 horses, 27,578 
cattle, 15,581 sheep, and 8,410 swine. The Fox River flows through this county from 
north to south. It is also watered by affluents of the Kishwaukee, Big Rock, and several 
other streams. There is also a beautiful sheet of water a few miles south-west of Geneva, 
known as Nelson's Lake named after Mr. John Nelson, the first settler in a place also 
called Nelson's Grove. This county is intersected in different sections by the C., B. & Q, 
R. R., the Dixon Air Line, Galena & Chicago, and the Fox River Valley Railroads. In naturally 
picturesque scenery, especially in the vicinity of Fox River, this county ranks second to no 
other in the State. In 1862, there were 9,043 persons between the ages of five and twenty- 
one, and 9,448 attending the public schools. There were 91 male, and 232 female teachers 
employed, the former at an average salary of $26, and the latter $13 per month. The schools 
were in session an average of 7.3 months. Total amount received for all school purposes., 
$39,577 ; total expended, $37,020. The assessed value of personal and real estate in 1863 
was $3,775,010 ; estimated true value, $8,379,188. (See Aurora, Elgin and Geneva.} 

Kankakee County. 

This county is situated in the east-north-east part of the State, and is bounded on the 
north by Will county, east by the State of Indiana, south by Iroquois, and west by Livingston 
and Grundy counties. It is thirty-six miles long, east and west, and from the Indiana State 
Line, twenty-four miles west, twenty miles wide, and the remaining portion, fourteen miles. 
This county contains sixteen organized townships, viz : Aroma, Bourbonais, Essex, Ganier, 
Kankakee, Lime Stone, Manteno, Momence, Norton, Otto, Pilot, Rockville, St. Anne, Salina, 
Sumner, and Yellow Head, with a population, in 1860, of 15,412. The surface is generally 
fertile prairie. It is watered by the Kankakee River, and its affluents, which flows through the 
entire extent of the county. This river has a swift current, over a limestone bed. The prairie 
country, through which it passes, is principally of excellent soil and generally undulating. This 
river was discovered by the French at a very early period, and was one of the principal routes 
to the Illinois country. Its aboriginal name was Theakiki, or as pronounced in French, 
Te-aw-kee-kce, which, by the fatality attendant upon aboriginal names carried through French 
into English^ has become fixed in the sound and orthography of Kankakee. In 1861, there 
were owned 6,199 horses; 15,745 cattle; 3,597 sheep; and 8,316 swine. Products : wheat, 
375,282 bus., corn, 2,757,000 bus., with over 17,000 acres of oats, hay, potatoes, etc. In 
1862, there were 6,357 children attending the district schools. There were sixty-two male 
and one hundred and twenty female teachers. The former at an average of $25, and the latter 
at $15 per month. The schools were in 'session an average of 7 months during the year. The 
total amount received for all school purposes was $16,983. Total expended, $14,491. The 
assessed value of personal and real estate in 1863, was, $2,348,055. Estimated true value, 

Kendall County 

Is situated in the north-eastern interior of the State, bounded on the north by Kane, on 
the souih by Grundy, on the east by Will, and on the west by part of LaSalle and DeKalb 
counties. Kendall is eighteen miles square, and contains the following nine townships, viz.: 
Little Rock, Bristol, Oswego, Fox, Kendall, Na-au-say, Big Grove, Lisbon and Seward. The 
population of the county numbers 13,073 persons, of whom, in 1862, being white, and between 
the ages of five and twenty-one years, were 4,733 ; attending school, 3,600, under the charge 
of 63 male, and 84 female teachers, at an average salary of $23 per month for the male 
teachers, and $15 per month for the female teachers. The average number of months school 
was in session was 7.4. Total amount received for all school'purposes was $17,008, and 
expended, $13,312. The general appearance of the county is that of a rich farming country, 
prairie lands, with some timber, corn being the staple, wheat, oats, &c. The C., B. & Q. R. R. 
runs through the north west corner of the county, while the Fox River, a beautiful stream, 
affords excellent milling power. The earliest settlers of this county were Zeuus McEwen, 

74 JOHN c. w. BAILEY'S 

Wra. Noble Davis, H. A. Clark, L. B. Judson, Levi F. Arnold, Henry Sherrile, Elisha Doud 
and Col. William Cowdrey. It is said the seat of justice is soon to be removed to Yorkville ; 
at present it is at Oswego. There are several affluents of the Fox River watering this county, 
such as Big Rock, <fec.; also, AuSable, and others. There were also in 1861, horses, 6,825 ; 
13,466 head of cattle, 5,291 sheep, and 7,413 swine. There were raised in the county 206,888 
bushels of wheat, 2,669,260 bushels of corn, and 12,400 acres of other field products. In 
1863, the assessed value of real and personal estate was $1,754,772 ; estimated true value, 

Knox County, 

Situated in the west-north-west interior of the State, is bounded north by Henry, east by 
Stark and Peoria, south by Fulton, and west by Warren and Mercer counties. " It was laid off 
by the legislature in a general distribution of counties on the military tract, in January, 1825, 
though not organized for judical purposes until about five years after." In length, north and 
south, it is thirty miles, and twenty-four, east and west. Knox county contains twenty orga- 
nized townships, viz: Cedar, Chestnut, Copley, Elba, Galesburgh, Haw Creek, Henderson, 
Indian Point, Knox, Lynn, Maynon, Ontario, Orange, Persifer, Rio, Salem, Sparta, Truro, 
Victoria, and Walnut Grove; and had a population, according to the census, 1860, of 28,663. 
The prairies in this county are usually large, and the soil of the first quality. The surface 
generally undulating, is drained and 1 watered by Spoon River, Henderson Creek, and their 
tributaries. There are several large and excellent tracts of timber along the water courses. 
The Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad passes through the county, from the north-east 
to the south-west, intersected by the Peoria and Oquawka at Galesburg. In 1861, there were 
produced 809,766 bus. of wheat, and 6,125,075 bus. of corn. There were 24,451 acres of 
other field products cultivated. There were owned, in the same year, 12,994 horses; 25,641 
cattle ; 6,726 sheep ; and 52,085 swine. Large quantities of hay are annually shipped, 
generally to the southern markets. In 1862, there were 11,166 persons between the ages of 
five and twenty ; and the number of scholars in the public schools was 9,265. The number of 
male teachers was 134, with an average salary of $26 per month. Female teachers 209, with 
an average salary of $16 per month. Average number of months school was kept was 6.8. 
Rate of tuiton per scholar, $2.39. Total amount expended for all school purposes, $31,884. 
Total received, $33,293. The assessed value of personal property and real estate in 1863, 
was $6,202,238. Estimated true value, $13,437,015. For number and real worth of educational 
institutions, this county is excelled by no other in the State. The following are located within 
its limits: Lombard University, Knox Collage, Knox Female Seminary, Ewing University, 
(female,) Abingdon College, Bedding Seminary, and several fine graded and other English 
and classical schools of lesser note. (See Abingdon, Galesburg and KnoxwUe.) 

Lake County, 

Situated in the extreme north-east of the State, is bounded on the north by Wisconsin 
on the east by Lake Michigan, south by Cook county, and west by McHenry county. 
It contains from 480 to 500 square miles. The surface is rolling prairie, interspersed with 
groves of white, burr and black oak, and in the western portion diversified with numerous 
small lakes, drained by Fox River and its tributaries. The O'Plaines River flows southwardly 
through the county. Large crops of wheat, corn and oats are raised. In 1861, the wheat 
crop amounted to 471,366 bushels corn, 841,005. There were owned 6,493 hordes, 20,619 
cattle, and in 1863, the number of sheep, as estimated from reliable data, amounted, in round 
numbers, to 60,000. The products of the dairy in this county form one of the principal 
exports ; cheese of the very best quality is made, shipped, and sold in Chicago as readily, and 
at the same price as veritable Hamburg ; there are about 40, 000 pounds of cheese and 250,000 
pounds of butter exported annually. In 1863, there were 10,555 children under twenty-one. 
Those attending the public schools numbered 7,029 ; there were in addition ten private 
schools. We have not the number of teachers for 1863, but for 1862, there were 87 male, 
and 140 female teachers ; average wages of male teachers, $24 per month, and of female 
teachers, -$13. Average number of months school was kept in 1862, 7.5 ; rate of tuition per 
scholar, $2.39. The principal of the township fund in 1863 was $38,205. Total amount 
received for all school purposes, $19,349. Value of personal and real estate, per census of 
1860, was $9,536,382. 


Lake county was first settled then part of Cook county in 1834. The Indian title to 
the soil was extinguished in 1835. It was organized from part of McETenry county by act of 
Legislature, March 1st, 1839. The population in 1845 was 2,634. The first school in the 
county was taught by Laura B. Sprague, in 1836. On March 4th, 1845, the " Little Fort 
Porcupine and Democrat Banner" was established, being the first paper published in the 
county. This county contains fifteen organized townships, viz.: Antioch, Avon, Benton, 
Cuba,'Deerfield, Ela, Fremont, Goodale, Libertyville, Newport, Shields, Vernon, Warren, 
Wauconda and Waukegan, with a population in 1860 of 18,300. (See Waukegan and Lake 

LaSalle County. 

This county was formed in 1831. It is bounded on the north by Lee and DeKalb, on the 
south by Marshall and Livingston, on the east by Kendall and Grundy, and on the west by 
Putnam and Bureau, and is situated in the northern central portion of the Slate. It is thirty- 
six miles long, north and south, thirty miles east and west, and has in it thirty-one organized 
townships, viz.: Adams, Brookfield, Bruce, Dayton, Deer Park, Dimmick, Eagle, Earl, Eden, 
Farm Ridge, Freedom, Grand Rapids, Groveland, Hope, LaSalle, Manlius, Mendota, Meriden, 
Mission, Northville, Ophir, Ottawa, Ottawa South, Osage, Peru, Rutland, Serena, Troy Grove, 
Utica, Vermilion and Waltham. This county is one of the most important in the State, by 
reason of its size, having an area of 1,050 square miles, and also by its population, which 
amounted in 1860 to 48,332 persons. The wealth of the county is of great extent, and the 
industrial pursuits of its people have raised in every part homesteads, and cultivated farms. 
The county is intersected by the Illinois River, flowing from east to west, and navigable for 
large vessels from the Mississippi River to Peru. It is also drained by the Fox and Vermilion 
Rivers, and by Indian Creek. The soil is exceedingly rich and well cultivated. The products 
.were, in 1861, of wheat, 1,228,437 bushels; corn, 8,510,535 bushels, aud of all others, oats, 
hay, sorghum, &c., 39,910 acres under cultivation. The Illinois & Michigan Canal passes 
through this county, and also the Rock Island Railroad from east to west, which is crossed at 
LaSalle by the Illinois Central Railroad. The Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad also 
crosses the northern portion of this county. This county derives its name from M. LaSalle, 
one of the first explorers of Illinois, the capital being situated at Ottawa. The county 
abounds in coal mines, the principal of which are at LaSalle, where it is stated about 300 tons 
are raised dailv. In 1861, there were owned 18,250 horses, 36,927 head of cattle, 3,900 
sheep, and 20,934 swine. There were between the ages of five and twenty-one years 15,039 
persons, and 13,447 attending school. School in session during the year, 6.9 months. 
The number of teachers was 191 male, 208 femaJe. Average salary of male teachers $26, 
and of female teachers $15 per month. The receipts for all school purposes were $55,100; 
expended, $51,619. The assessed value of real and personal estate was $7.139,376 ; estimated 
true value is $15,468,648. In this county is situated the celebrated perpendicular mass of 
limestone, called " Starved Rock," near the foot of the Rapids and on the right bank of the 
Illinois River. Tradition says that after the Illinois Indians had killed Pontiac, the French 
Governor at Detroit, the northern Indians made war upon them. A band of the Illinois, in 
attempting to escape, took shelter on this rock, which they soon made inaccessible to their 
enemies, and where they were closely besieged. They had secured provisions, but their only 
resource for water was by letting down vessels with bark ropes to the river. The wiley 
besiegers contrived to come in canoes under the rock and cut off their buckets, by which 
mean? the unfortunate Illinois were starved to death. Many years after their bones were 
whitening on this summit. (See Ottawa, Peru and LaSalle.) 

Lawrence County 

Is situated in the south-east part of the State, and is bounded on the north by Crawford 
county, and on the east by the Wabash River, which separates it from Indiana, south by 
Wabash county, and west by Richland county. It was organized as a county in 1821, from a 
part of Edwards and Crawford counties. In size, it is twenty miles north and south, and from 
fourteen to twenty-two miles east and west; containing eight organized townships, viz: Alli- 
son, Bond, Christy, Denison, Lawrence, Lukin, Petty, and Russell, with a population, in 1860, 
of 9,214. This county contains about an equal proportion of timber and prairie, some of 
which is inferior land, and other portions of an excellent quality. It is watered by the 
Embarras River and other affluents of the Wabash. The Ohio and Mississippi Railroad passes 

76 JOHN C. 

through the county, east and west. Vincennes, Indiana, is situated about opposite the central 
part of the county. In 1861, there were 3,635 horses; 8,430 cattle ; 7,446 sheep; and 15,220 
swine. During the same year there were 13,116 acres of wheat, 25,104 acres of corn, and 
8,670 acres of oats, hay, etc., cultivated in the county. In 1862, there were 61 public schools 
in this county, and 2,992 children in attendance. The number of teachers employed was sixty- 
two male and twenty-six female, the former at an average salary of $23, and the latter at $15 
per month. The schools were in session during the year an average of 6.5 months. The total 
amount expended for all school purposes was $7,380. Total received, $8,198. In 1863, the 
assessed value of personal and real estate was $1,487,520. Estimated true value, $3,222,960. 
Lawrenceville is the capital. 

Lee County. 

- This county is situated in the northern interior of the State, between Ogle on the north, 
and LaSalle and Bureau on the south, DeKalb county on the east, and Whiteside on the west. 
It is thirty-six miles long, east and wst, and twenty-one miles wide, inducing the western 
four tiers of townships the remaining portion on the east being eighteen miles wide. There 
are in this county nineteen organized townships, viz.: Alton, Amboy, Bradford, Brooklyn, 
China, Dixon, Hamilton, Harmon, Lee Center, Marion, May, Nelson, Ogle, Palmyra, Reynolds, 
Sublette, Viola, Willow Creek and Wyoming, with a population in 1860 of 17,651. Rock 
River flows through the north-western part of the county ; it is also watered by Green River, 
Five Mile Branch, and other streams. The Dixon Air Line Railroad and the Illinois Central 
pass through this county, intersecting at Dixon, the capital of the county, situated on the 
Rock River. The surface is principally prairie land, though interspersed with some groves of 
timber. The soil is excellent, producing abundant crops of corn, wheat, oats, etc. In 1861, 
the products were 981,566 bushels of wheat, 2,024,300 bushels of corn, and over 18,000 acres 
of oats, hay, rye, etc. There were in the county 7,605 horses, 17,285 cattle, 2,237 sheep, and 
9,218 swine. According to the report of the State Superintendent for 1862, there were in 
this county 6,145 persons between the ages of five and twenty-one, and 6,112 attending 125 
public schools. There were 86 male, and 137 female teachers employed, the former at an 
average salary of $27, and the latter $18 per month- The schools were in session during the 
year an average of 7 months. The total receipts for all school purposes were $26,900 ; total 
expenditures, $32,273. The assessed value of personal and real estate for 1863 was 
$2,966,913 ; estimated true value, $6,438,311. (See Dixon.) 

Livingston County. 

This county was formed from LaSalle, McLean and an attached portion of Vermilion 
counties, in February, 1837. It is bounded on the north by LaSalle and Grundy counties, east 
by Iroquois and Ford, south by Ford and McLean, and west by McLean, Woodford and LaSalle. 
It is thirty-six miles long, east and west, by twenty-four north and south, with an addition of 
a tract eighteen miles east and west, and about nine and one-half north and south., adjoining 
and for:i ing the southern extremity of the three eastern tiers of townships. Under township 
organization, it contains twenty five townships, viz.: Amity, Avoca, Belle Prairie, Brougliton, 
Chatsworth, Dwight, Eppard's Point, Esmen, Forestville, Indian Grove, Long Point, Nebraska, 
Nevada, New Town, Odell, Owego, Pike, Pleasant Ridge, Pontiac, Reading, Rook's Creek, 
Round Grove. Saunemin, Sunbury and Waldo, with a population in 1860 of 11,637. This 
county contains some considerable tracts of timber and a large quantity of fine, rich undu- 
lating prairie. It is watered by the Vermilion River of the Illinois and its affluents ; also, by 
Mason Creek, and other streams. Coal abounds; also, sand and limestone furnish abundant- 
building material. The Chicago & Alton and the Logansport, Peoria & Burlington Railroads 
pass through this county, the former through the interior, and the latter through the south- 
eastern portion. In 1861, the products were, wheat, 381,616 bushels; corn, 2,743,435 
bushels, besides over 10,000 acres of oats, rye, hay. etc. In the same year there were owned 
in the county 6,395 horses, 12,884 cattle, 1,779 sheep, and 10,938 swine. In 1862, there were 
4,606 scholars attending the public schools, which were in session an average of 6.2 months 
during the year. There were 67 male, and 107 female teachers employed, the former at an 
average salary of $24, and the latter $19 per month. The total amount received for all 
school purposes was $24,462; total amount expended, $23,981. The assessed value of 
personal and real estate for 1863 was $3,202,195 ; estimated true value, $7,104,756. (See 


Logan County. 

This county is located in the central portion of the State. It was formed out of portions 
of the counties of Sangamon, Tazewell, McLean, and DeWitt, and was organized in the year 
1839. It is bounded on the north by Tazewell, north-east by McLean, east by DeWitt and 
Ma con, south by Sangamon. and on the cass by Menard and Mason counties. Its increase in 
population, since that time, has been gratifying' and the rapidity with which its improvements 
have been advancing has been surpassed by few counties, if any, in the State. The expansive 
timber-fringed prairies, upon which herds of deer fed and gamboled unmolested, have yielded 
to the influence of the husbandman. And, now, you behold the undulating prairie lands 
transformed into fruitful fields, with a soil unsurpassed for fertility. Being peculiarly adapted 
to agriculture in all its branches, as well as stock raising, the attention of the people have 
turned in that direction, and their efforts crowned with marked success their industry richly 
rewarded. Fine water courses, to wit: Prairie Creek, Sugar Creek, Kickapoo, Deer Creek, 
and Salt Creek, with their branches, all skirted with timber, thread their way through differ- 
ent portions of the county, thus bringing within a reasonable distance of all, both water and 
timber. Through the center of the county runs the St. Louis, Alton, and Chicago Railroad, 
which is the principal means of transportation of grain and stock exported from the county, 
and merchandise^ agricultural implements, etc., imported. This county is twenty-eight miles 
long, north and south, and twenty-four miles wide ; in computing the area, however, a deduc- 
tion should be made for the indentation of Sangamon and Menard counties, on the south-west, 
occupying a space of about six miles square, and a smaller one of McLean, on the north-east, 
of six miles by three. It contains the following nine townships, viz: Atlanta, Elkhart, Emi- 
nence, Lincoln, Middletown, Mount Pulaski, Prairie Creek, Salt Creek, and Sugar Creek, with 
a population in 1860, of 14,272. There are also flourishing villages of the same names. The 
Decatur, Lincoln and Pekin Railroads, which has lately been chartered by the legislature, 
passes through the county, intersecting the Chicago and Alton Railroad at Lincoln. In 1861, 
there were 7,046 horses; 13,016 cattle ; 9,693 sheep; and 30,338 swine. The products 'were, 
in wheat, 425,272 bus. corn, 3,938,600 bus., besides over 9, 500 acres of oats, hay, sorghum, 
etc. According to the State Superintendents report, in 1862, there then were 4,547 persons, 
between the ages of five and twenty-one ; and 4,288 scholars attending the public schools. 
There were ninety-one male and forty-seven female teachers employed, the former at an 
average salary of $27, and the latter $19 per month. The schools were in session during the 
year an average of 7 months. Total amount received for all school purposes, $24,062. Total 
expended, $19,844. The assessed value of personal and real estate in 1863, was $4,164,359. 
Estimated true value, $8,328,718. (See Lincoln.} 

McDonough County, 

Situated in the western part of the State, in the centre of the Military Tract, is bounded 
on the north by Henderson and Warren counties, east by Fulton, south by Schuyler, and west 
by Hancock. It was formed from Pike county, in 1825, but not organized till 1829. It is 
twenty-four miles square, containing sixteen organized townships, viz.: Bethel, Blandinville. 
Chalmers, Eldorado, Emmett, Hire, Industry, Lamoine, Macomb, Mound, New Salem, Prairie 
City, Sciota, Scotland, Tennessee and Walnut Grove, with a population in 1860 of 20,069. 
Prairie City, Bushnell, Colchester, and other thriving villages in this county, that have sprung 
up as if by magic within the last few years, in constant growth of numbers, size and improve- 
ments, keep pace with the rapid developments of the rich, productive country around them. 
Crooked Creek and its branches, Spring Creek in the western, Drowning Fork in the north- 
eastern, and Troublesome, Grindstone and Camp Creeks in the southern portions, water most 
of this tract. Sugar Creek flows through the extreme south-east. The eastern side of this 
county, for eight or ten miles, is mostly undulating prairie ; the remainder is suitably 
proportioned into timber and prairie of the richest quality. The greater portion of this 
county is not excelled for agricultural purposes by any part of the Mississippi Valley. The 
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad passes through the county, from north-east to south- 
west, about equi-distant between the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers. In 1861, there were 
8,196 horses, 17,683 cattle, 9,358 sheep, and 47,483 swine. That McDonongh is, in every 
sense of the word, an agricultural county will be seen from the following productions for 
1861: Wheat, 640,602 bushels; corn, 4,341,975 bushels. In addition, there ware large 
crops of oats, hay, potatoes, sorghum, etc., amounting to 15,585 acres. In 1862, there were 
7,281 children attending the public schools. Number of male teachers, 117, whose average 
monthly wages were $24 ; female teachers, 88 average wages, $14 per month. The schools 
were in session an average of 6.7 months. Total amount expended for all school purposes, 
$20,626 ; received, $24,057. In 1863, ihe assessed value of personal and real estate was 
$4,215,880 ; estimated true value, $9,134,425. (See Maco?nb.} 


McHenry County 

Was formed from Cook county, in January, 1836. It is situited in the north-east part of 
the State, and is bounded on the north by the State of Wisconsin, east by Lake county, south 
by Kane and a corner of DeKalb, and west by Boone. It is twenty-seven miles long, east and 
we.-t, and twenty-four miles wide, containing seventeen organized townships, viz, : Alden 
Algonquin, Burton, Chemung, Coral, Dorr, Dunham, Grafton, Greenwood, Hartland, Hebron. 
McHenry, Marengo, Nunda, Richmond, Riley, and Seneca, with a population in 1860, of 
22,n89. The surface is principally prairie, with a rich, productive soil, and is watered by 
Fox and Kishwaukee Rivers and their affluents. Along the bank of these streams there are 
some fine groves of timber. In the eastern portion of this county are found several small lakes, 
some of which have limpid water, gravelly beds, with ridges of sand and pebbles around them. 
From one of these, known as Crystal Lake, ice of an excellent quality is obtained and furnished 
to the citizens of Chicago. This county is intersected in different sections by the Chicago and 
Galena, Chicago and Northwestern, Fox River Valley, and the Kenosha and Rockford Rail- 
roads. In 1861, there were owned in this county, 8,862 horses ; 26,640 cattle ; 9,353 sheep ; 
and 10,081 swine. Products: wheat, 917,167 bus.; corn 1,462,000 bus. ; together with over 
26,000 acres of oats, hay, rye, etc. In 1862, there were 8,401 persons between the ages of 
five and twenty-one ; and 7,320 attending the public schools. There were one hundred and 
eight male, and one hundred and eighty-six female teachers employed, the former at an 
average salary of $21, and the latter at $11 per month. The schools were in session an aver- 
age of 8.5 months. The total expenditures for ail school purposes, was $30,777. The assessed 
value of personal and real estate in 1863, was $3,343,802. Estimated true value, $7,244,904. 
(See Woodstock.) 

McLean County 

Is situated in the central portion of the State, with Woodford and Livingston counties on 
the north, a portion of Livingston, Ford and Champaign counties on the east, Piatt, DeWitt 
and a corner of Logan on the south, and Tazewell and a part of Woodford on the west. It 
contains twenty-eight organized townships, viz : Arrow Smith, Bell Flower, Bloomington, Blue 
Mound, Cheney's Grove, Chenoa, Cropsey, Dale, Danvers, Downes, Dry Grove, Empire, 
Funks Grove, Gridley, Hudson, Lawn Dale, Lexington, Martin, Money Creek, Mosquito Grove, 
Mount Hope, Normal, Old Town, Padua, Randolph, Towanda, West, and White Oaks, with a 
population, in 1860, of 28,772. In length the county is from twenty-one to forty-two miles, 
east and west, and from twenty-two to thirty-three miles, north and south, containing 
about eleven hundred square miles. The surface is mostly elevated prairie, moderately undu- 
lating, and of rich soil. There are some fine tracts of timber, generally arranged in beautiful 
groves of various shapes and sizes, probably constituting one-tenth of the county. It 
is watered by the Kickapoe, Sugar and Salt Creeks, all of which take their rise in the 
prairies of this county. The heads of the Vermillion river of the Illinois, are found in the north- 
eastern corner, and those of Sangamon, in the eastern limits. The residents of McLean county 
arc largely engaged in raising and fattening stock, especially cattle. The assessors rer.urns 
for 1863, show a total of 41,126 neat cattle. According to the best estimates, about 12,000 
were fattened and sold during the year ending March, 1864. The same returns give a total of 
17,206 horses and mules; 27,926 sheep; and 62,075 swine. An immense amount of corn 
the staple crop is raised, and also wheat, oats, and other grain. The products of 1861 were, 
944,146 bus. of wheat, also 6,718,360 bus. of corn, and over 19,000 acres of rye, oats, flax 
and other products. From the estimates of grain buyers, there were about 950,000 bus. of 
grain sold during the year ending March 1864. Over 800,000 bus. were known to have been 
sold in Bloomington alone. Flax has become an important article of culture, over a 
thousand tons having been raised during the past year. Tobacco is also cultivated. Within 
the past few years considerable attention has been given to nursery and fruit growing. The 
Chicago, Alton and St. Louis, and the Illinois Central Railroads pass through the county, 
intersecting at Normal, two miles north of Bloomington. In 1862, there were 8,739 children, 
between the ages of five and twenty-one. The number of scholars attending the public 
schools, was 8,460. There were 146 male and 151 female teachers employed, the former at 
an average salary of $25 and the latter $16 per month. The schools were in session an 
average of 6.7 months. Total amount expended for all school purposes, $33,485. Received, 

This county was organized under an act of the Legislature about the years 1829 or 1830, 
as the county seat was located at Bloomington in the year 1830. It embraced part of DeWitt, 
Woodford, Logan and Livingstone counties, and was itself formerly a part or Tazewell county. 
The first settlers in the county were John W. Dawson, Ebenezer Rhodes and sons, Wm. Lucus, 

John Hendrix, Wm. Thomas, Cox, John Benson, Wm. Hodge, James Letta, Wm. 

Orendorff, Thomas OrendorfF, Wm. Walker, (who was in the celebrated battle of New Orleans,) 
Henry Little, Bailey Harbord, Matthew Harbord, Mosby Harbord, Peter McCullough and a few 


others, who settled in the territory now known as the County of McLean, it being named after 
John McLean, who was senator of the State from Shaneetown, 

The first sale of government lands for this and adjoining counties was in October 1829, and 
the town plat of Bloomington was laid out and sold in July 1831 ; the site was originally called 
Keg Grove, by John W. Dawson, on account of the shape of the grove of trei s ; it was 
broadly pronounced Oag Grove. Then it was changed to Blooming Grove, on account of the 
numberless beautiful prairie flowers, until it has, in due course become Bloomingtown or 

Numerous other growing towns and villages have sprung up, among which may be named 
LeRoy, Lexington, Pleasant Hill, Hudson, McLean, Concord, Wilkesborough, and a few others 
In 1863, the assessed value of real and personal estate was 7,140,820 dollars; the estimated 
true value is 15,471,760 dollars. (See Bloomington.) 

Macon County 

Is situated in the central part of the State, bounded on the north by DeWitt, on the east 
by Piatt and Moultrie, south by Moultrie, Shelby and Christian, and on the west by Christian, 
Sangamon and Logan counties. It was organized from an attached part of Shelby county, in, 
1829. It is twenty-seven miles long, north and south, and twenty-seven wide, containing 
fourteen organized townships, viz.: Austin, Decatur, Friend, Harrisburg, Hickory, Long 
Creek, Maroa, Mound, Mount Zion, Niantic, Oakley, South Macon, Wfceatland and Whitmore, 
with a population of 13,738 in 1860. The surface consists of excellent prairie land, diversified 
with several small tracts of timber. There is much good land in this county. The Illinois 
Central and Great Western Railways pass through this county, intersecting at Decatur. In 
1861, there were 5,694 horses, 12,210 cattle, 4,086 sheep, and 24,921 swine owned in this 
county. Products: Wheat, 402,407 bushels; corn, 3,096,250, and 11,282 acres of oats, hay, 
etc. In 1862, there were 4,646 scholars attending the public schools. There were sixty-five 
male, and fifty-three female teachers engaged, the former at an average salary of $28, and the 
latter $20 per month. The fechoola were in session during the year an average of 6.6 months. 
The total amount of receipts for all school purposes was $25,352 ; total expenditures, $21,903. 
The assessed value of personal property and real estate in 1863 was $3,852.985 ; estimated 
true value, $7,348,134. (See Decatur.). 

Macoupin County, 

Situated in the south-western interior of the State, has Morgan and Sangamon counties on 
the north, Montgomery on the east, Madison on the south, and Jersey and Greene on the west. 
It was organized from the attached portion of Greene county, in 1829. In early dajs, the 
county bore the name of Black Hawk Hunting Ground. This county i< thirty six miles long, 
north and south, and twenty-four wide, containing twenty-three townships, viz.: Barr's Store, 
Brighton, Bunker Hill, Carlinville, Chesterfield, Clyde, Cummington, Gillespie, Girard, Lake 
Fork, Nil wood, Otter Creek, Piasa, Plain view, Rhodes Point, Scottville, Shaw's Point, 
Shipimn, South Otter Creek, Staunton, Virden, Western Mound and Woodburn, with a 
population in 1860 of 24,602. The greater portion of this county is fertile prairie. About 
one-third is timber land. It is watered by Macoupin Creek and its branches, which thread 
their channels through almost every portion of the county. Affluents of the Cahokia water 
the southern, and some other streams the northern sections. The Chicago & Alton and Terre 
Haute & St. Louis Railroads pass, the former through the interior, from north-east to south- 
west, and the latter through the south-east. In 1861, there were 10,309 horses, 20,525 cattle, 
9,045 sheep, and 32,914 swine owned in the county. Products: Wheat, 227,182 bushels- 
corn, 3,994,485 bushels, and 17,317 acres of oats, hay, rye, etc. In 1862, there were 7,816 
children attending the public schools. Number of male teachers, 136, at an average salary of 
$27, and 87 female teachers, whose average salary was $18 per month. The schools were in 
session during the year an average of 6.2 months. The receipts for all school purposes for 
that year were $29,437 ; expended, $27,654. The assessed value of personal and real estate 
for 1863 was $4,671,003 ; estimated true value, $10,120,506. 

Macoupin is aboriginal, and in the French authors spelled Ma-qua-pin, but has become 
legalized on the statute books of the State as spelled above. This word is said to be the 
Indian name of a vegetable with a large round leaf, growing in the lakes and ponds of Illinois 
called by some " splatter dock," and found plentifully near this stream. The lar^e roots of 
this plant, if eaten raw, are very deleterious. The Indians, in early times, dug holes m the 
earth, which they walled with stone, and after heating them with large fires, put in the roots 
covered them with earth, and in two days the rank, poisonous taste was gone. They were' 
then put on poles and dried for food. In this form they were eaten by the natives. (Sec 

80 JOHN C. 

Madison County. 

This county is situated in- the south-western part of the State, on the Mississippi, opposite 
the mouth of the Missouri River. St. Louis is situated opposite the south-west corner of the 
county. Madison is bounded on the north by Macoupin and portions of Jersey and Mont- 
gomery counties, east by Bond and Clinton, and south by Clinton and St. Clair counties, 
while the Mississippi flows along its western borders. It was organized from St. Clair county 
in 1812, and at thai, time embraced a large portion of the State. It is at present from twenty- 
eight to thirty-four miles long, east and west, and twenty-four miles wide. There arc within 
its limits the following named sixteen townships, viz : Alhambra, Alton, Collinsville, Edwards- 
ville, Highland, Looking Glass, Madison, Marine, Monticello, Omph Ghent, Saline, Silver- 
Creek, Six Mile, Troy, Upper Alton, and White Rock, with a population in 1860 of 31,251. 
Settlements were formed in this county as early as 1802. A portion of the county lies in 
the American Bottom, but a large part of it is high undulating land, and duly proportioned into 
timber and prairie. The prairies are finely located for agricultural purposes. It is watered 
by Silver and Cahokia Creeks and Wood River and their branches. Coal and building-stone 
air,e abundant in the vicinity of Alton. Along Wood River and Cahokia Creek excellent 
timber is found. 

In 1861 the products were of wheat, 629,689 bushels ; corn, 3,652,715 bushels ; and 
several thousand acres of oats, hay, sorghum, etc. There were owned in this county, 9,243 
horses, 24,270 cattle, 4,570 sheep, and 29,042 swine. In 1862 there were 122 public schools, 
attended by 7,335 scholars. There were 118 male and 60 female teachers employed during the 
year, the former at an average of $32, and the latter $21.45 per month. The schools were 
in session an average of 7 months. The total amount of expenditures for all school purposes 
were $40,767. The assessed value of personal and real estate for 1863 was $8,623,252. 
Estimated true value, $18,683,712. 

Monk's Hill is situated on the American bottom, in the borders of Madison county, about 
eight miles north-east from St. Louis. At the base the circumference is about 600 yards, and 
its height about 90 feet. On the south side about half way down, is a broad step, or npron, 
about nfteen feet wide. This hill or mount was the residence, for several years, of the monks 
of t le order of LaTrappe, the most rigid and austere of all the monkish orders. Their mon- 
astery was originally situated in the district of Perche, in France, in one of the most lonely 
spots" that could be chosen. They fled from the commotions of that kingdom to America, 
lived for a time in Kentucky, and came to Illinois in 1806 or 1807, and settled on this mound. 
They cultivated a garden, repaired watches, and traded with the people. They were extremely 
severe in their discipline and penances. In 1813, they sold off their personal property, and 
left the country for France. (See Alton, Edwardsville, and Monticello.) 

Marion County. 

The county of Marion is situated in the southern part of the State, equi-distant from the 
Great Wabash and Mississippi Rivers, being about sixty-three miles due east from the latter, 
and seventy miles due west from the former river. It is on the line of the great traveled 
route from Vincenues to St. Louis. It contains sixteen townships, and is compactly laid out 
in a square, containing 576 square miles. It is bounded on the north by Fayette, east by 
Clay and Wayne counties, on the south by Jefferson county, and on the the west by 
Clinton county. The land is well divided into prairie and timbered, the latter rather 
predominating. It abounds with rock and a good quality of bituminous coal. Marion county 
is remarkably well situated for the culture of fruit, and apple, peach and grape crops are 
invariably successful. The peach crop rarely fails, and the apple never. The surface of the 
county is undulating, and some of the finest prairie lands in the State are to be found here. 
One distinctive feature of this county is its means of inter-communication, it being traversed 
near the southern boundary by the Ohio & Mississippi Railroad, running from east to west 
entirely through the length of the county. The Main, and also the Chicago Branch of the 
Illinois Central Railroad traverse the county, the former from north to south, the latter from 
north-east to south-west, uniting in the south-western portion of the county, at Central City. 
The educational advantages of Marion are quite important. In the town of Salem, the capital 
of the county, there is a female seminary, devoted to the higher and subordinate branches of 
education, under the auspices of the Southern Illinois Methodist Conference. There is also a 
fine edifice occupied as a public sr.hool, under control of competent teachers. Salem, 
Centralia, Central City, Kinmundy, Odin, Middleton and Saudoval are among the most 
flourishing towns in this county. Marion contains twelve organized townships, viz.: 
Central, Eagan, McGuire, Meaeham, North Fork, Omega, Patoka, Ruccoon, Romine, Salem, 
Sandoval and Walnut, with a population in 1861 of 12,739. In 1861, there were 4,785 horses, 
11,946 cattle, 8,313 sheep, and 2U,130 swine. Products : 165,780 bushels of wheat, 2,206,325 


bushels of corn, together with good crops of oats, hay, etc. In 1862, there were 6,735 persons 
between the ages of five and twenty-one, while there were 5,009 attending the public schools. 
Male teachers 72, whose average monthly wages were $22; female teachers 55, with an 
average of $15 per month. Average number of months school was kept, 6.2. Rate of tuition 
in the county per scholar, $2.17. Amount expended for all school purposes, $12,768; 
received, $13,826. Assessed value of personal and real estate in 1863 was $2,287,597; 
estimated true value, $4,956,460. Marion county was formed from Jefferson and Fayette 
counties, in 1823. It is drained by the East Fork of Kaskaskia River and other streams in 
the west, and Skillet Fork in the east. (See Salem and Centralia.) 

Marshall County 

Is situated in the northern central part of the State, bounded on the north by Putnam and 
Bureau, on the south by Peoria and Woodford, on the east by Livingston, and on the west by 
Stark counties. It is about thirty-one miles long from east to west, and twelve miles 
wide from north to south, having twelve organized 'townships, namely: Bell Plain, Ben- 
nington, Evans, Henry, Hopewell, Lacon, La Prairie, Richland, Roberts, Saratoga, Steuberi 
and Whitefield. The population of this county in 1860 was 13,437, of whom 4,041 were 
between five and twenty-one years ; attended school, 3,440, under the charge of 66 male and 
70 female teachers, at an average salary of $30 per month to the male, and $17 per month to 
the female teachers. The whole arrfount received for school purposes in that year was $20,409, 
and expended, $19,443. The schools were in session an average of 6.7 months. This county 
is watered by the Illinois River flowing through the interior, and the affluents of that river. 
The Bureau Valley Railway runs down the western bank of the Illinois River. The Illinois 
Central passes along its eastern border. The products of the county were, of wheat, 647,853 
bushels, and of corn, 2,334,750 bushels, and 11,840 acres of other field products. In 1861, 
there were owned 6,374 horses, 11,050 cattle, 1,759 sheep, and 12,490 swine. The assessed 
value of real and personal estate was $1,988,387; estimated true value, $4,308,172. There 
are several fine educational institutions in the county, among which are North Illinois 
Institute and Henry Fenj^le Seminary. The surface of this county is diversified of prairie 
and wood lands, and is very productive to the industrious tiller of the soil. (See Lacon.) 

Mason County 

Is situated in the western central part of the State, with Tazewell county on the north, 
Tazewell and Logan east, Menard and Cass on ihe south, and Sctiuyler and Fulton counties 
on the west. It is from twelve to thirty-six miles in length, from east to west, and from 
twelve to twenty-one miles wide. Containing eleven organized townshipi, viz : Allen's Grove, 
Bath, Crane Creek, Havana, Lynchburgh, Manito, Mason City, Mason Plaines, Pensylvania, 
Quiver, and Salt Creek, with a population in 1860, of 10,931. The soil of this county is very 
fertile. Coal is found in abundance. The Illinois River flows along the north-western, and 
the Sangamon along its southern boundaries. Crane Lake is situated in the central, and is 
drained by Crane Creek, an affluent of the Sangamon. The Illinois River Railroad passes 
through the western portion ; and the Tonica and Petersburg!! Railroad, when complete, will 
pass through the eastern portion of the county. In 1861, there were 3,034 horses; 7,305 
cattle ; 1 480 sheep ; and 11, 884 swine in this county. Product in 1860 : wheat, 429,930 bus., 
corn, 2,720,630 bus., and 7,336 acres of oats, hay, rye, potatoes, etc. In 1862, there were 
3,443 persons, between the ages of five and twenty-one, and 3,114 attending the district 
schools. There were forty-nine male and fifty-one female teachers engaged, the former at $29, 
and the latter at $18 per month. The schools were in session an average of 6.3 months 
during the year. Total amount expended for all school purposes $14,152. (See Bath and 

Massac County 

Is one of the extreme southern counties in the State, south of Johnson and Pope, west of 
the southern part of Pope, east by Pulaski, while the Ohio River flows along the southern 
boundary. It contains the following named five townships, viz : George's Creek, Hillerman, 


82 JOHN C. 

Jackson, Metropolis and Washington, with a population of 6,213 in 1860. A large portion of 
this county is covered with fine forests of timber. The soil of the river bottom lands is very 
rich. In 1861 there were 6,951 acres of wheat, 11,012 acres of corn, and 1,548 acres of oats, 
potatoes, tobacco, etc., cultivated. There were owned in the county 1,416 horses, 4,786 cattle, 
2,622 sheep, and 12,005 swine. During the year 1862 there were 1,706 children attending the 
district schools. There were 32 male and 12 female teachers engaged the former at an 
average of $27, and the latter $21 per month. The schools were in session an average of 5.7 
months during the year. Total amount expended for all school purposes, $6,757. Total 
value of personal and real estate in 1863 was $1,180,863. Estimated true value, $2,558,536. 
Fort Massac, formerly a military post, is situated on the north bank of the Ohio River, in 
this county. A fort was erected here by the French when in possession of the county. The 
Indians, then at war with them, laid a curious stratagem to take it. A number of them 
appeared in the daytime on the opposite side of the river, each of whom was covered with a 
bear skin, and walking on all fours. Supposing them to be bears, a party of the French 
crossed the river in pursuit of them. The remainder of the troops left their quarters to see 
the sport. In the meantime a large body of warriors, who were concealed in the woods near 
byy came silently behind the fort, entered without opposition, and very few of the French 
escaped the massacre. They afterwards built another fort on the same ground, and called it 
Massac, in memory of this disastrous event. In 1750 they abondoned the position. After the 
revolutionary war, the Americans repaired or rebuilt it, and kept a garrison here for several 

Menard County. 

This county is situated in the western central part of the State, and is bounded on the north 
by Mason county, east by Logan, south by Sangamon, and west by Cass. It is twenty-two 
miles long, east and west, and an average of sixteen miles wide. In computing the area, a 
deduction should be made for an indentation of Sangamon county on the south-east, 
embracing about thirty-six square miles. It contains the following seven townships, viz.: 
Athens, Indian Creek, Petersburg, Rock Creek, Sandridge, Sugar Grove and Tallula, with a 
population in 1860 of 9,584. This county is .watered by the Sangamon River, flowing 
through from south to north; also, by its branches, Indian, Rock, and several other streams. 
The Touica & Petersburg Railroad passes through the interior from the south-west corner in 
a north-western course. In 1861, there were owned in this county 4,969 horses, 8,879 
cattle ; sheep, ,949, and 23,835 swine. During the same year, 9,477 acres of wheat, 50,417 
acres of corn, and 9,047 acres of hay, oats, potatoes, etc., were cultivated. In 1862, accord- 
ing to the State Superintendent's report, there were 3,981 persons between the ages of five 
and twenty-one, and 2,978 attending the public schools. There were fifty-five male, and 
thirty-one female teachers employed, the former at an average salary of $28, and the latter 
$20 per month. The schools were in session during the year an average of 6.3 months. The 
total amount expended for all school purposes was $12,842; total received, $15,883. The 
assessed value of personal and real estate for 1863 was $2,761,880; estimated true value, 

Mercer County 

Is situated in the west-north-western part of the State, south of Rock Island county, west 
of Henry and the northern portion of Knox, and north of Warren and Henderson counties, 
while its western borders are washed by the Mississippi River. It is from twenty-six to 
thirty-three miles long, east and west, and eighteen miles wide, containing fifteen organized 
townships, viz.: Abin^don, Duncan, Eliza, Greene, Keithsburg, Mercer, Millersburg, New 
Boston, North Henderson, Ohio Grove, Perryton, Pre-emption, Richland Grove, Rivoli and 
Suez, with a population in 1860 of 15,042. In the interior and eastern portion of this county- 
there are some extensive tracts of prairie. The surface is beautifully undulating, and the soil 
rich. It is watered by Edwards, Pike and North Henderson Creeks, and some other streams, 
along which are some fine tracts of timber. There is a good supply of coal. In 1860, 
the products were, wheat, 591,260 bushels; corn, 2,807,350 bushels, and 12,261 acres of oats, 
hay, rye, etc. There were in the county in 1861, horses, 7,888; cattle, 17,824; sheep, 2,479, 
and 36,177 swine. In 1862, there were 5,667 scholars attending the public schools, which 
were in session during the year 7.1 months. There were 69 male, and 94 female teachers 
employed, the former at an average of $33, and the latter $16 per month. The total amount 
received for all school purposes was $22,693; total expended, $20,473. The assessed value 
of real and personal estate for 1863 was $2,826,749 ; estimated true value, $6,124,622. 


Monroe County 

Was organized from Randolph and St. Clair counties, in 1816, and is situated in the south- 
west part of the State, bounded on the north by St. Clair, south by Randolph, east by 
Washington and Perry counties, and west by the Mississippi River, which takes a circular 
course along its western borders. It has an average length, north and south, of about twenty 
miles, with ar> average width" of fifteen miles, containing the following named eight townships: 
Bluff, Eagle, Fountain, Harrisonville, Mitchie, Moredock, New Design and Renault. Popula- 
tion in 1S60 was 12,832. The American bottom, which is noted for its rich alluvial soil, runs 
through the county adjacent to the Mississippi, and is divided into timber and prairie. 
Around Waterloo and New Design, and on the eastern border of the county, is considerable 
good land, and a mixture of timber and prairie. It is watered by Horse Prairie de Long and 
Eagle Creeks. In 1861, there were 3,480 horses, 7,623 cattle, 1,406. sheep, and 10,596 swine. 
There were 19,583 acres of wheat, 18,106 acres of corn, and 14,638 acres of rye, oats, hay, 
potatoes, &c., cultivated. In 1862, according to the Report of the State Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, there were 4,321 persons between the ages of five and twenty-one, and 
2,944 children attending the public schools, which were in session during the year an average 
of 6.8 months. There were fifty-nine male and twelve female teachers employed, the former 
at an average of $27, and the latter $22 per month. The total expenditure for school 
purposes was $12,739. In the year 1863, the assessed value of personal property and real 
estate was $1^988,201 ; estimated true value, $4,307,768. 

Montgomery County. 

This county is situated in the south-west central part of the State, and is bounded north by 
Sangamon and Christian counties, east by Shelby and Fayette, south by Bond and portions of 
Madison and Fayette, and on the west by Macoupin. It was organized from Bond in 1821. It 
contains twelve townships named as follows, viz : Audubon, Bear Creek, Bois D'Arc, Butler, 
East Fork, Hillsboro, Hurricane, Irving, Litchfield, Nokomis, Walshville, and Zanesville, with 
a population oi 13,979. The surface is generally high and undulating. It is watered by Shoal 
Creek, its east and w est branches, and other smaller streams. The Terre Haute, Alton and 
St. Louis railroad passes through the interior of the county. 

In 1861 there were 6,744 horses, 12,250 cattle, 8,843 sheep, and 14,154 swine, while the 
products were, in wheat 293,794 bushels ; corn, 905,300 bushels, in addition to 14,638 acres of 
oats, rye, hay, etc. According to the State Superintendent's report for 1862 there were 4,817 
children attending the public schools, which were in session an average of 6.5 months during 
the year. There were eighty one male and sixty -seven female teachers employed, the former at 
an average salary of $26, the latter, $17 per month. 'The total amount of receipts for all school 
purposes during that year were $16,394. Total expenditures, $15,789. The value of personal 
and real estate, per assessment of 1863, was $2,263,055. Estimated true value. $4 916 285 
(See Hillsboro.) 

Morgan County. 

This is another of Illinois' finest counties, situated in the south-western part of the State, 
south of Cass, west of Sangamon, north of Macoupin, Greene and Scott, and east of Scott, 
Pike and Brown counties. It was formed from the attached part of Greene county in 1823. 
The general slope of the country is toward the west. It is well proportioned into timber and 
prairie. The soil is mostly of a rich sandy loam, deep and highly productive, yielding excellent 
crops of corn, wheat, rye, hay, oats, etc. Apples, peaches, and other fruits grow abundantly. 
The Illinois River washes the north-western border of this county. Indian, Apple, Mauvaise- 
Terre, Sandy, and several smaller streams flow through its different sections, and furnish many 
fine mill seats. Morgan is from 20 to 30 miles in length east and west, and from 6 to 24 miles 
wide, containing the townships of Arcadia, Bethel, Concord, Franklin, Jacksonville, Lynn- 
ville, Mauvaise-Terre, Meredosia, Sulphur Springs, Waver ly, and Yatesville, with a population in 
1860 of 22,112. !n 1861 there were 7,542 horses, 14,318 cattle, 6,633 sheep, and 31,210 
swine. Products, wheat, 530,060 bushels ; corn, 4,064,000 bushels, and over 10,000 acres*of 
rye, oats, hay, etc. According to the report of the State Superintendent there were 7,605 
persons between the ages of five and twenty-one, and 6,257 scholars attending the public 
schools, which were in session an average of '7.1 months during the year. There were ninety- 

84 JOHN c. w. BAILEY'S 

nine male, and sixty female teachers employed, the former at an average salary of $31, and 
the latter $21 per month. Total receipts in the county for all school purposes was $32,355. 
Total expenditures for same, was $28,784. The assessed value of personal and real estate in 
1863 was $6,742,231. Estimated true value, $14,608,167. 

Within the boundary of this county will be found all the great benevolent institutions of 
this State such as the "Deaf and Dumb Asylum, the Institution for the blind, the Hospital for 
the Insane, and an Orphan Asylum, wnich has been originated by a benevolent lady, of the 
name of Mrs. Ayers, whose efforts to care for the orphan children, will deservedly hand her 
name down to posterity with unfading honor. These are all located at Jacksonville, besides 
three other educational institutions, rendering the place famous for intelligent benevolence. 
See Jacksonville.) 

Moultrie County 

Lies in the south-eastern central part of the State, and is bounded on the north by Piatt, 
east by Douglas and Coles, south by Shelby, and west by Shelby and Macon counties. It is 
of an irregular shape, and contains an area of about eighteen miles square. Its townships are 
Lovington, Marrow Bone, Sullivan, Taylor, and Whitley Creek, with a population in 1860 of 
6,385. The surface of the land consists of rich prairie, interspersed with strips of timber 
lying along the Kaskaskia and Okaw Rivers, which flow through the centre of the county. 
The Terre Haute & St. Louis Railroad passes through the south-eastern corner, and the Great 
Western near its northern, and the Chicago Branch near its eastern boundaries. In 1861, 
there were 3,231 horses, 7,250 cattle, 7,288 sheep, and 19,420 swine. The products were 
85,765 bushels of wheat, 2,016,950 bushels of corn, and 4,745 acres of hay, oats, sorghum, 
etc. From the State Superintendent's report for 1862, there were 1,977 children attending 
the public schools. 31 male, and 15 female teachers employed, the former receiving an 
average salary of $23, and the latter $17 per month. The number of months schools were in 
session during the year was 5.4. Total receipts for all school purposes were $5,491. Total 
expenditure, $4,446. Assessed value of personal and real estate in. 1863 was $1,205,963; 
estimated true value, $2,612,919. (See Sullivan,) 

Ogle County 

Was formed from Jo Daviess and a part of the attached portion of LaSalle, in January, 
1836. It is situated in the northern interior of the State, with Stephenson and Winnebago 
counties on the north, DeKalb on the east, Lee on the south, and Carroll on the west. It is 38 
miles long, east and west, with an average width of 20 miles ; containing twenty-two organized 
townships, viz : Brookville, Buffalo, Byron, Dement, Flagg, Foreston, Grand Detour, Lafayette, 
Leaf River, Lynn Village, Marion, Maryland, Monroe, Mount Morris, Nashua, Oregon, Pine 
Creek, Pine Rock, Rock Vale, Scott, Taylor, and White Rock, with a population in 1860 of 
22,888. Rock River runs through the interior of the country, taking a south-westerly course ; 
it is also watered by Kite River, Leaf River, and other small streams. The Illinois Central 
Railroad passes through the western portion, and the Dixon Air Line through the south- 
eastern. Much of the surface is undulating, the soil deep and rich. Timber is usually found, 
in groves of differt-nt shapes and sizes. 

In 1863 there were produced 1,247,250 bushels of wheat, 8,221,550 bushels of corn, 
besides over 30,000 acres of oats, hay, rye, etc. In 1861 there were 12,109 horses, 26,548 
cattle, 3,195 sheep, and 19,329 swine. According to the report of the State Superintendent 
for 1862, there were in this county 7,818' persons between five and twenty-one, and there were 
7,019 children attending the public schools, which were in session during the year an average 
of 6.9 months. There were 144 male, and 160 female teachers employed, the former at an 
average salary of $25, and the latter at $13 per month. The total receipts for all school 
purposes were $34,770. Total expenditure, $34,233. The assessed value of personal and real 
estate for 1863 was $3,187,960. Estimated true value, $6,907,246. 

Stillman Creek, flowing through the north-western portion of this county into Rock River, 
passes through a valley of the same name, in the vicinity of which a battalion of militia, 
consisting of about 275 men, under command of Major Isaiah Stillman, of Fulton county, 
were atticked, defeated, and eleven of their number killed on the 14th of May, 1832, by a 
portion of the Indian army under the celebrated Black Hawk. (See Oregon City.) 


Peoria County 

Is situated in the north-western centre of the State, on the west side of the Illinois River, 
about two hundred miles by water, and one hundred and fifty by land, above the junction of 
the Mississippi, and contains considerable tracts of excellent land, the area being 648 square 
miles. The county is twenty-four miles long, east and west, and about twenty-six miles north 
and south. It is bounded on the north by Stark and Marshall, on the south by Tazewell and 
Fulton, on the east by Woodford and Tazewell, and on the west by Fulton and Knox counties, 
and divided into twenty organized townships, namely: Acron, Brunfield, Chillicothe, 
Elmwood, Hillock, Holies, Jubilee, Kickapoo, Limestone, Logan, Medina, Millbrook, Peoria,, 
Princeville, Radnor, Rome Farms, Rosefield, Timber and Trivoli, with a population in 1860 
of 36,601 persons. 

The surface of the land -is moderately rolling. On the Kickapoo it degenerates into 
bluffs and ravines. In the interior and north-western portion there is a scarcity of timber. 
Between Feoria and LaSalle Prairie, is heavy timber from two to five miles in width, and 
in places beyond the bluffs. In the bottom land adjoining the lake are spots that overflow, 
but in general it is fit for cultivation. The bottom timber consists of oaks of various 
species, white and black walnut, ash, hickory, and also buckeye, coffee-nut and grape vines. 
This county is watered by the Kickapoo, the he*ds of Spoon River, Copperas Creek, and 
the Seuatchwine. On the Kickapoo, and on the shores of Peoria Lake, for several miles, 
the timber is good, but prairie predominates. 

The number of persons in 1862 between the ages of five and twenty-one years were 11,255, 
of whom 7,818 attended the public schools, under the charge of 104 male teachers, and 165 
female, at an average salary to the former of $29, and to the latter $16 per month. School 
in session, 7.1 months. Total receipts for all school purposes, $49,929, and expended, $46,375. 
The railroads passing through the interior of the county are the Peoria & Oquawka and the 
Peoria Branch of the Rock Island Railroad, which runs along the bank of the Illinois River. 
There are other western lines laid out, but not yet completed. The products of this county 
in 1861 were 724,030 bushels of wheat, 5,419,200 bushels of corn, and 17,380 acres of rye, 
oats, and other field products. There were also owned 9,965 horses, 19,431 cattle, 2,678 
sheep, and 30,104 swine. The assessed value of real and personal estate was, in 1863, 
$8,277,191 ; the estimated true value being $17,933,914. (See Peoria.) 

Perry County 

Was organized from Randolph and Jackson counties, situated in the south-western interior 
of the State, and is bounded on the north by Washington, east by Jefferson and Franklin, 
west by Randolph, and south by Jackson counties. It is twenty-four miles long, east and west, 
and 18 miles long north and south, containing six townships, viz: Beaucoup, Duqouin, Lost 
Prairie, Pinckneyville, South Western, and Tamaroa, with a population in 1860 of 9,552. The 
Big Beaucoup and its tributaries run through the middle of this county, from north to south, 
and the Little Muddy touches its eastern borders. About one third of Perry county is prairie, 
tolerably level, good soil, and susceptible of immediate cultivation. Its productions are corn, 
beef cattle, pork, tobacco, and some cotton. The Illinois Central Railroad passes through the 
eastern part of the county, 

In 1861 there were produced 241,572 bushels of wheat, 1,186,900 bushels of corn, also 
5,568 acres of rye, hay, oats, cotton, etc. There were also 4,485 horses, 10,368 cattle 
6,919 sheep, and 13,837 swine. According to the report of the State Superintendent for 1862, 
there were in this county 3,132 children attending the public schools, There were 53 male 
and 23 female teachers employed, the former at an average salary of $24, and the latter at $19 per 
month. Total receipts for all school purposes were $9,199. Expenditures, $9,173. The 
number of months schools were in session during the year was 6. The assessed value of 
personal and real estate for 1863 was $1,471,441. Estimated true value, $3,188,122. (See 

Piatt County 

Is situated in the eastern central part of the State, bounded north by DeWitt and McLean, 
east by Champaign and a corner of Douglas, south by Moultrie, and west by Macon and 
DeWitt counties. It contains eight organized townships, viz.: Bement, Blue Ridge, Cerro 
Gordo, Goose Creek, Monticello, Sangamon, Unity and Willow Branch, with a population in 
1860 of 6,127. 


The surface consists mostly of level prairie, with a rich soil. There are, however, some 
strips of timber along the streams. The North Fork of the Sangamon River flows through 
the interior, from the north-east to the south-west. Coal mines abound. 

In 1861, there were 3,404 horses, 7,873 cattle, 3,548 sheep, and 16,687 swine owned in 
this county. Products: 139,842 bushels wheat, 2,724,650 bushels corn, arid 5,613 acres of 
hay, oats, potatoes, &c. 

The report of the State Superintendent for 1862 gives 2,451 persons in the county between 
five and twenty-one years of age, and 2,126 attending the district schools, which were in 
session 5.3 months during the year. There were fifty-three male, and twenty-three female 
teachers employed, the former at an average of $24, and the latter $19 per month. The 
total amount received for all school purposes was $9,199; total expended, $9,173. The 
assessed value of personal and real estate for 1863 was $2,236,549 ; estimated true value, 
$4,573,098. (See Monticello.) 

Pike County, 

Situated in the western part of the State, is the oldest county on the Military Tract, and 
was erected from Madison and other counties, in 182-1. It then embraced the whole country 
north and west of the Illinois River, but by the formation of new counties is now reduced to 
ordinary size, containing about 800 square miles, and divided into twentv-one organized 
townships, namely : Atlas, Barry, Charnbersburgh, Derry, Detroit, Fairmount, Flint, Griggs- 
vilie, Hadley, Hardin, Kinderhook, Martinsburgh, Montezuma, Newburgh, New Salem, Pearl, 
Perry, Pittsfield, Pleasant Hill, Pleasant Vale and Spring Creek. The county is from sixteen 
to thirty-seven miles from east to west, and twenty-four to thirty miles from north to south. It 
is bounded on the north by Adams and Brown counties, on the south by Calhoun and the 
Mississippi River, on the east by Morgan, Scott and Green counties, and on the west by the 

The population of Pike county in 1860 was 27,249. In 1862, the number of those between 
the ages of five and twenty-one years was 10,256 ; attended school, 10,592, under the care 
of 130 male teachers, at an average salary of $27 per month, and 118 female teachers, at an 
average salary of $15 per month. School in session during the year, 7 months. Received 
for all school purposes, $36,933, and expended, $31,785. 

Besides the Mississsppi and Illinois Rivers, which wash two sides of this county, it has the 
Snycartee Slough running the whole length of its western border, which affords steamboat 
navigation to Atlas at a full stage of water. Pike county is watered by the Pigeon, Hadley, 
Keys, Black, Dutch, Church, Six-mile and Bay Creeks, which enter the Illinois. Good mill seats 
are furnished by these streams. The land is various. The section of country, or rather 
island, between the Snycartee Slough and the Mississippi is a sandy soil, but mostly inundated 
land at the spring floods. There is considerable prairie, and great summe** and winter range 
for stock, with heavy bottom timber along the streams. Along the bluffs, and for two or 
three miles back, the land is chiefly timbered, but cut up with ravines and quite rolling. 

In 1861, there were owned in this county 10,035 horses, 20,656 cattle, 11,278 sheep, 
and 49,453 swine. The products of the county have never been reported; put the pastoral 
condition being so large, and the growth of peaches so extensively cultivated, may be a 
reason why the returns may have been small, and neglected to report upon. The assessed 
value of real and personal estate for 1862 was $4,300,301 ; estimated true value is $9,317,318. 
(See P'dtsfield.) 

Pope County 

Was organized in 1816, by the Territorial government, and is situated in the south part of 
the State, bounded on the north by Saline, east by Hardin and the Ohio River, south 
by the Ohio River and Massac, and on the west by Massac and Johnson counties. The average 
length of this county, north and south, is twenty-one miles ; width, east and west, sixteen 
miles. It contains the following ten townships, viz.: Alexander, Golconda, Grand Pierre, 
Jackson, Jefferson, Monroe, Polk, Union, Washington and Webster. The population in 1860 
was 6,742 persons. The Ohio makes a bend so as to wash its southern side, and projects into 
the interior. Big Bay Creek rises towards its north-western corner, and, after entering 
Johnson county, turns again into Pope, and runs a south eastern course to the Ohio. In 1861, 
there were in this county 6,979 horses, 6,600 cattle, 3,548 sheep, and 15,777 swine. Products: 


wheat. 84,388 bushels; corn, 891,500 bushels; also, 1,842 acres of hay, oats, rye, cotton etc. 
According to the State Superintendent's report for 1862, there were 2,932 persons between 
the ages of five and twenty-one The number of children attending the public schools (which 
were in session an average of 5.8 months during the year) was 2,849. There were forty-nine 
male, and eight female teachers employed, the former at an average salary of $28, and the 
latter $23 per month. Total receipts for all school purposes were $4,734 ; expenditure, 
$4,604. (See Gokonda.} 

Pulaski County. 

The location of this county is in the extreme southern part of the State, with Union, 
Johnson and Pope counties on the north, Pope on the east, Alexander on the west, while the 
Ohio flows in a circuitous course along its southern borders, giving the county the form of a 
new moon, with its points reaching southward. Its extreme length is about forty-two miles; 
average width about nine miles. It is divided into twelve townships, viz.: Burkville, Cache, 
Georges Creek. Grand Chain, Hillerman, Jackson, Metropolis, Ohio, Pulaski, Ullin, Wash- 
ington and Wetaug. The population in I860 was 3,943. In 1862, there were 1,328 persons 
between five and twenty-one years of age. and the number of scholars 1,174. The number of 
male teachers was 25, at an average salary of $31 per month, and 9 female teachers, at $25 
per month. Schools in session, 6.2 months. The total amount expended for school purposes 
during the year was $6,736. 

The county is watered by sundry small streams flowing into the Ohio River, namely: 
Massac and Seven-mile Creeks, with others. The Illinois Central Railroad passes through the 
western portion of the county. The general aspect of the county is somewhat barren, but 
there is considerable fertile soil and growth of timber. In 1861, there were 692 horses, 
1,900 cattle, 784 sheep and 6,323 swine. The capital of the county is Metropolis, situated 
on the north bank of the Ohio River. 

Putnam County 

Was formed from Pike county, in 1825, but not organized for judicial purposes till 1831. 
It is of much smaller dimensions now than at that time.. It is situated on both sides of the 
Illinois River, about three-fourths being on the east side, and is bounded on the north 
by Bureau, on the south by Marshall, on the east by LaSalle, and on the west by Bureau. 
It is a small county, about fourteen miles long, from north to south, and an average width of 
about nine miles, east and west, with an addition of one township on the west side of the river. 
There are four organized townships, viz.: Granville, Hennepin, Magnolia and Senatchwine, 
with a population in 1860 of 5,587 persons. The number of those between five and twenty- 
one years is 1,884; attended school, 1,722. Number of male teachers, 31, with an average 
salary of $27, and 44 female teachers, with an average salary of $17. Amount collected from 
all sources for school purposes, $9,037, and expended, $7,478. Schools in session during the 
year an average of seven months. 

The Illinois River enters this county and flows round the northern and through part 
of its western boundary, making a large bend. The soil is excellent, and some varieties 
of timber, oak of several species, black and white walnut, sugar maple, ash, elm, and 
others. Limestone, sandstone, freestone and bituminous coal are abundant. The products 
of the county were, in 1861, of wheat, 176,426 bushels; corn, 967,500 bushels, and 5,973 
acres of hay, oats, sorghum, &c. There were also 3,387 horses, 5,713 cattle, 1,446 sheep, 
and 6,040 swine. The Bureau Valley Railroad runs through its western township, and 
the Illinois Central passes within about five miles of its eastern border. In 1863, the assessed 
value of the real ar.d personal estate was $1,022,587 ; the estimated true value, $2,215,605. 

Randolph County. 

Randolph county was formed before the organization of the territory of Illinois, and is 
the oldest county, except St. Clair, in the State, and is bounded on the north by Monroe, St. 
Glair, and Washington counties ; east by Perry ; south by the Mississippi River, and a corner 

88 JOHN C. W. 

of Jackson county, and west by the Mississippi. Its medium length and breadth is about 
twenty-four miles, though from curvitures of the Mississippi, it contains but about 540 square 
miles. This county has 12 townships, viz : Burnett, Central, Chester, Evansville, Georgetown, 
Kaskaskia, Liberty, Mary's River, Mill Creek, Prairie du Rocher, Sparta and Union, containing 
a population in 1860 of 17,205 persons. It is watered by the Kaskaskia River, and St. Mary, 
Horse, and some smajler creeks. The soil is of various kinds, much of it excellent, 
and has a diversity of Surface, from the low alluvial and the undulating prairie, to the rugged 
bluffs and abrupt precipices. 

In 1861 there were 7,426 horses, 14,490 cattle, 5,637 sheep, and 18,707 swine. Products, 
wheat, 495,463 bushefs ; corn, 1,416, 000 bushels; also, 7,702 acres of hay, rye, oats, cotton, 
etc.. There were in 1862, 5,178 persons between the ages of five and twenty-one, during 
the year there were 4,399 children attending the public schools, which were in session 6.7 
months, there were 78 male teachers at an average salary of $27 ; and 42 female teachers, 
at $17 per month. Total expenditure for all school purposes, $12,552. 

Fort Chartres was a large stone fort, built by the French, while in possession of Illinois 
It is situated half a mile from the Mississippi, and three miles from Prairie du Rocher, in the 
north-western part of Randolph county. It was orininally built by the French in 1720, to 
defend themselves against the Spaniards, who were then taking possession of the country on 
the Mississippi. It was rebuilt in 1756. The circumstances, character, form and history of 
this fort are interesting, but we have not space sufficient here to give them. Once it was a 
most formidable piece of masonry, the materials of which were brought three or four miles 
from the bluffs. It was originally an irregular quadrangle, the exterior sides of which were 
490 feet in circumference. Within the walls were the commandant'3 and commissary's houses, 
a magazine for stores, barracks, powder magazine, bake-house, guard house, and prison. The 
prodigious military work is now a heap of ruins Many of the hewn stones have been removed 
by the people to Kaskaskia. A slough from the Mississippi approached and undermined the 
wall on one side in 1772. (See. Chester.) 

Richland County. 

This county is situated in the east-north-east portion of the State, south of Jasper 
county, west of Lawrence, north of Edwards and Wayne, and east of Clay, having an area of 
eighteen miles Square, and contains the following organized townships, viz : Bonpas, Clermont, 
Decker, Denver, German, Madison, Noble, Olney, and Preston. The population in 1860 was 
was 9,711 persons. The larger portion of this county is rich, undulating prairie, which is 
drained by Fox River, Bonpas Creek, and several other small streams the Little Wabash, 
flowing along its western limits. In 1861. there were 3.141 horses, 7,720 cattle, 6.865 sheep, 
and 12,981 swine. The products were 178,976 bushels of wheat, 1,072,150 bushels of corn, 
with 4,408 acres of hay, oats, rye, etc. 

According to. the State Superintendent's report for 1862, there were 4,139 persons between 
the ages of five and twenty-one yeaas, and the number of children attending the public 
schools was 3,992, schools being in session at an average of 6.3 months. There were 77 male 
and 49 female teachers employed, the former at an average salary of $21, and the latter $14 
per month. The total amount expended for all school purposes during the year was $10,654. 

The assessed value of personal and real estate in 1863, was $1,588,577. Its estimated true 
value, being $3,177,154. (See Olney.) 

Rock Island County. 

The conformation of this county is somewhat irregularly shaped, formed from portions of 
Mercer and Jo Daviess counties in 1831, but subsequently organized by the Judge of the Fifth 
Judicial Circuit. The boundries of this county, as defined by law, begin " at the middle of 
the main channel of the Mississippi, where the north line of township 15 north, intersects the 
same; thence east, to the fourth principal meredian; thence north with said meredian, to the 
middle of the main channel of Rock River; thence up said channel to the confluece of the 
Marais d'Ogee slough or creek ; thence along said slough to the middle of the Mississippi 
River, and down that channel to the place of beginning." It contains about four hundred 
square miles. The boundary of this county on the north and ,west is by a sweep of the 
Mississippi River ; on the south by Mercer, and on the east by Whiteside and Henry. 

The county is divided into eleven organized townships, namely : Bowling, Buffalo, Camden, 
Coal Yalley, Cordova, Drury, Edgington, Fremont, Hampton, Moliiie, and Zurae. The population 


in I860 was 21,005. This county is watered by Rock River and some minor streams. Rock 
Island, on the Mississippi, is included in this county. T-he soil along the Mississippi fo^r twenty- 
five miles is alluvion, sandy and rich, includiug the site of the old Sauk village. There is 
much }:ood land in the interior of the county, between the rivers. The railroads are the Coal 
Valley Road, and the Rock Island Railroad. At this point we have the Rock Island Railroad 
Bridge, uniting Illinois and Iowa, and about which considerable litigation has already taken 
place, from a desire on the part of St. Louis to get it removed ; hitherto without success. 
There is no doubt this bridge is of great benefit to Illinois, and as an improvement in 
transportation east and west ; is of too much importance to the State to allow of its removal. 
In 1861 there were in this county 6,662 horses, 16,776 cattle, 1,412 sheep, and 20,959 swine. 
The products were of wheat, 480,930 bushels, corn, 1,730,950 bushels, and 8,891 acres of 
hay, oats, sorghum, &c. 

In 1862 there were 7,776 persons between the ages ot five and twenty-one years, and 5,868 
attended school. Schools were in session an average of 6.7 months. The number of teachers 
emp/oyed were male, 78, at an average of $31 per month, and 96 female, at an average of 
$18 per month. Total received for school purposes, $33,171 ; expended, $31,698. The 
assessed value of real and personal estate in 1863 was $3,027,622. Estimated true value, 

St. Clair County. 

This is the oldest county in the State, and was named after General Arthur St. Clair. It 
was formed by the Legislature of the Northwestern Territory in 1794 or '95, and then included 
all the settlements on the eastern side of the Mississippi. It now lies on that river, opposite 
St. Louis, and is bounded north by Madison county, east by Clinton and Washington, and 
south by Randolph and Monroe counties, containing an area of 1,030 square miles. The 
organized townships of this county are Belleville, Cahokia, Casey ville, Centerville, Fayetteville, 
French Village, Illinois Town, 'Lebanon, Macoutah, Richland, Ridge Prairie, Shiloh and 
Summerfield. The population in i860 was 37.694. 

The soil of this county varies, much of it is good, and proportionably divided into timber, 
prairie and barrens. The streams are Cahokia, Prairie du Pont, Ogle's Creek, Silver Creek, 
Richland Creek, Prairie de Long and the Kaskaskia River. Its timber comprises the usual 
varieties found 'on the western side of the State. Extensive coal banks exist in this county, 
along the bluffs, from which St. Louis is partially supplied with fuel. The seat of justice is 
at Belleville. The people are a mixture of Americans, French and Germans. In 1861, 
there were 6,138 horses, 8,709 cattle, 2,476 sheep, and 17,543 swine. The products in 
1860 were, of wheat, 946,050 bushels; corn, 2,155,850 bushels, and 19,354 acres of oats, 
hay and other field products. 

The railroads passing through this county are the Alton & St. Louis and the Terre Haute & 
St. Louis Roads. The Chicago & Alton are also building a continuation of their line from 
Alton to St. Louis. The Ohio & Mississippi passes through the northern portion of the 
county. There is also a short line from Illinois Town to Belleville. In 1862, there were 11,865 
persons between the ages of five and twenty-one years; scholars, 7,251. Schools in session 
eight months. The number of male teachers were 180, at an average salary of $34, and fe- 
male teachers 40, at an average of $14 per month. Total receipts for school purposes, $45,179, 
and expended, $43,868. The assessed value of real and personal estate was $7,730,830, and 
the estimated real value $16,750,131. 

" Cahokias, one of the tribes of the great nation of Illini, (after which the village of 
Cahokia was named, being ten miles north of west from Belleville), had made this a resting 
place for a long time previous to the discovery of the Mississippi. This name is sometimes 
spelled Caoquias. Charlevoix, who visited that place in 1721, expresses his astonishment 
that his countrymen had pitched upon so inconvenient a station, being 'half a league' from 
the river. He says, however, the people told .him that the Mississippi once washed the foot of 
the village, but that in three years it had receded half a league, and that the people were 
talking of removing to a more eligible situation. In 1776, it contained forty families; and at 
the commencement of the revolutionary war they had increased to fifty. It was once the seat 
of a considerable fur trade." (See Belleville.) 

Saline County 

Is situated in the south-eastern part of the State, bounded on the north by Hamilton, east 
by Gallatin, south by Pope, and west by Williamson counties. Its entire length north and 
south is twenty-one miles, width east and west eighteen miles, and contains the ten following 

90 JOHN C. 

townships, viz : Brushy, Cottage Grove, Douglas, El Dorado, Harrisburg, Independence, 
Plain View, Raleigh, Saline and Somerset, with a population in 1860 of 9,331 persons. This 
county is well timbered, and the land fertile, and is watered by the Saline River and other 
streams, which flow through different parts of the country. In 1860 there were 2,195 horses, 
6,627 cattle, 4,427 sheep, and 13,153 swine. The products were 95,965 bushels of wheat, 
1,047,600 bushels of corn, with 3,650 acres of oats, hay, rye, cotton, tobacco, etc. There 
are also large quantities of salt produced in this county. In 1862 there were 4,491 persons 
between the ages of five and twenty-one, and 2,825 attended the publ ; c schools, which were in 
session during the year 6 months. The total number of teachers employed was 48 male, at an 
average salary of $24, and 18 female teachers at $17 per month. The total receipts for all 
school purposes was $7,704. Total expended, $6,825. 

Sangamon County. 

The fir?t settlement on the waters of the Sangamon was made in 1819. The county was 
organized in 1821, at that time embracing a tract of country one hundred and twenty-five 
miles long by seventy-five miles wide. 

The public lands were first offered for sale in November, 1823, by which time farms of 
considerable size had been brought under cultivation. 

It is situated iu the south-west central part of the State, with Menard and Logan counties 
adjoining on the north, Logan, Macon and Christian on the east, Christian, Montgomery and 
Macoupin on the south, and Morgan, with a corner of Cass, on the west. 

The county is divided into twenty-two organized townships, viz.: Auburn, Ball, Buffalo 
Heart, Campbell, Cartwright, Clear Creek, Cooner, Cotton Hill, Curran, Falkington, Fancy 
Creek, Gardner, Illiopolis, Island Grove, Loami, Mechanicsburg, Pawnee, Rochester, Sackett, 
Springfield, Williams and Woodside, with a population in 1860 of 32,274. 

The size of the prairies in Sangamon county is seized upon as an objection by persons 
unaccustomed to a prairie country ; but were the timber a little more equally distributed, with 
prairie surface, its supply would be abundant for each locality. The prairies vary in width 
from one to eight or ten miles, and somewhat indefinite in length, being connected at the 
heads of the streams. 

Much of the soil in this county is of the richest quality, being a calcareous loam, from one 
to three feet deep, intermixed with fine sand. The point of land that lies between the 
Sangamon and the Illinois Rivers, which is chiefly prairie, is divided between inundated land, 
dry prairie and sand ridges. A stranger to observations upon the surface of Illinois, upon 
first sight, would pronounce most parts of Sangamon county a level, or plane. It is not so. 
With the exception of creek bottoms and the interior of large prairies, it has an undulating 
surface, quite sufficient to render it one of the finest agricultural districts in the United States. 

These remarks are not meant exclusively for Sangamon. They apply with equal propriety 
to many other counties on both sides of the Illinois River. 

Sangamon county is watered by the Sangamon River and its numerous branches, Prairie, 
Spring, Lick, Sugar, Horse and Brush Creeks: on the south side are Cantrill's, Fancy, Wolf 
and Clear Creeks, which enter from th'e opposite side. These streams not only furnish this 
county with an abundance of excellent water, and a number of good mill sites, but are lined 
with extensive tracts of firstrate timbered land. The Chicago & Alton and the Great Western 
Railways pass through the interior, intersecting at Springfield, which is the capital of the 
State, situate in the northern central of the county. 

In 1861, there were, per assessor's returns, 14,283 horses, 26,343 neat cattle, 42,194 sheep, 
and 71,804 swine. Products: Wheat, 465,545 bushels; corn, 3,499,505 bushels, and 28,965 
acres of hay, oats, potatoes, sorghum, &c. According to the State Superintendent's report 
for 1862, there were 10,074 persons between the ages of five and twenty-one, and 9,333 
attending the public schools, which were in session 8.1 months during the year. One hundred 
and fifty three male, and ninety two female teachers were employed, the former at an average 
salary of $31, and the latter $20 per month. The total receipts for all school purposes were 
$68,957, and total expenses $54,535. The assessed value of personal and real estate for 1868 
was $10,904,571 ; estimated true value, $23,626,570. (See Springfield.} 

Schuyler County. 

This county was formed from Pike, in 1825, and is bounded on the north by McDonough, 
east by a corner of Fulton county and the Illinois River, south by Illinois River and Brown, 
and west by portions of Adams and Hancock counties. Its average length,' north and south, 


is about twenty four miles; width, east and west, eighteen miles, and contains the following 
thirteen townships, viz.: Bainbridge, Brooklyn, Browning, Buena Vista, Camden, Frederick, 
Hickory, Huntsville, Littleton, Oakland, Rushville, Woodstock and Township 3, north 4, west 
of the 4th principal meridian, with a population in 1860 of 14,684 persons. The middle and 
northern portions of this county are divided into timber and prairie of an exellent quality. 
Along Crooked Creek is an extensive body of fine timber. Sugar Creek also furnishes another 
body of timber, eight or ten miles wide. The land is well watered by Crooked Creek (which 
flows through the interior of the county), Crane Creek, and other small streams. The Chicago, 
Burlington & Quincy Railroad passes near its western borders, and the Quincy & Toledo Railway 
passes within a few miles of the south-western border. The Illinois River, which is 
navigable for steamboats, flows along its south eastern limits. There were owned in 1861, 5.589 
horses, 4,616 cattle, 8,044 sheep, and 30,661 swine. Products: Wheat, 99,439 bushels; 
corn, 1,695,450 bushels; also, 11,275 acres of oats, hay, potatoes, etc. Apples, peaches and 
other fruit are grown in great abundance in this county. From the State Superintendent's 
report for the year ending October 1, 1862, there were 6J038 persons between five and twenty- 
one, and 5,126 children attending the public schools, which were in session an average of 7.5 
months during the year. Seventy-eight male and seventy-one female teachers, were employed, 
the former at an average salary of $28, and the latter $14 per month. The total amount received 
for all school purposes was $17,318, the total expenditure being $16,322. The assessed value 
of personal and real estate for 1861 was $2,273,435; estimated true value, $4,922,442. (See 

Scott County. 

This is rather a small county, having an area of about 260 square miles. It is, however, 
rich in its quality of land, notwithstanding the French settlers, by a singular misnomer, in 
exploring the Illinois River, called it " Mauvaiseterre" poor land. It is watered by the Plum, 
Sandy, and Mauvaiseterre Creek?. Bounded on the west by the Illinois River, on 
the north and east by Morgan county, and on the south by Greene. The surface is level, with 
occasional forests of timber. Water power for milling purposes supplied by Sandy Creek. 
The county is divided into nine township?, namely : Bloomfield, Exter, Glasgow, Manchester, 
Naples, Oxviile, Sandy, Union, and Winchester. The population of the county in 1860 was 
9,069. The Great Western Railroad from Toledo to Qnincy, passes through its most northern 
township, and the Tonica and Petersburg through the south-east township. 

In 1861 the products of this county were of wheat, 74,664 bushels ; corn, 1,923,295 
bushels; also 2,798 acres of rye, oats, potatoes, &c. There were 3,630 horses, 6,356 cattle, 
3,750 sheep, and 18,155 swine. The report of the State Superintendent shows there were 
3,142 persons between the ages of five and twenty-one years. Scholars, 2,655, in the charge 
of 36 male teachers, at an average salary of $32, and 12 female teachers, at an average 
salary of $21 per month. Schools werd in session 6.3 months. Total received for school 
purposes, $11,993 ; expended, $8,050. In 1863 the assessed value of real and personal 
estate was $1,630,295, and the estimated true value, $3,532,305. 

Shelby County. 

This county was organized, in 1827, from Fayette, and is situated in the south-east part 
of the State, bounded on the north by Macon and Moultrie, east by Coles and Cumberland, 
south by Eflfingham and Fayette, and west by Christian and Montgomery counties. Shelby 
county is about thirty miles square, but in computing the area a deduction should be made 
for an indentation of Moultrie, on the north-east corner, occupying a tract of about four and 
a half townships. It is divided into eighteen organized townships, viz.: Ash Grove, Big 
Spring, Cold Spring, Dry Point, Flat Branch, Holland, Moweka, Oconee, Okaw, Pickaway, 
Prairie, Rural, Rose, Ridge Grove, Richland, Shelby, Tower Hill and Windsor, containing a 
population in 1860 of 14,613 persons. Shelby * contains a large amount of excellent 
land, bothr timber and prairie, and is one of the best inland agricultural counties in the State. 
The Great Western Railway pusses east and west through the interior of the county. 
The Illinois Central Railroad also passes through a portion of its western borders, and the 
Chicago Branch of the same road intersects the south-eastern part. It is watered by the 
Kaskaskia, Okaw, Little Wabash Rivers, and their tributaries; also, Richland Creek, Mitchell's 
Creek, Brush Creek, and several other small streams. In 1861, there were owned 7,582 
horses, 16,962 cattle, 28,525 sheep, and 48,025 swine. Products were, wheat, 225,760 

92 JOHN c. w. BAILEY'S 

bushels; corn, 3,170,475 bushels; also, 14,169 acres of oats, hay, potatoes, &c. From the 
State Superintendent's report for 1862, there were 5,271 scholars attending the public schools, 
which were in session an average of 6.1 months during the year, employing 106 male teachers, 
at an average salary of $22, and 43 female teachers, at $14.80 per month. Total receipts for 
all school pvirposes, $14,314 ; total expenditure, $12,509. The assessed value of personal and 
real estate for 1861 was $2,984,231 ; estimated true value, $6,465.833. (See Shelbyvttle.) 

Stark County 

Is situated in the north-east interior of the State, and is bounded on the north by Henry 
and Bureau, east by Bureau and Marshall, south by Peoria, and west by Knox and Henry 
counties, containing eight townships, each six miles square, viz : Elmira, Essex, Goshen, 
Jersey, Osceola, Penn, Toulon, and Valley. The population in 1860 was 9,004 persons. The 
county is divided between prairie and timber land, and has a rich and fertile soil, which ig 
drained by Spoon River and its tributaries. The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad 
passes near the north-eastern limits of the county, 

In 1861 there were owned 5,243 horses, 9,284 cattle, 1,762 sheep, and 13,112 swine. Pro- 
ducts were 623,050 bushels of wheat, 1,912,900 bushels of corn, also 7,992 acres of oats, hay, 
sorghum, etc. According to the State Superintendent's report for 1862, there were 2,806 
children attending the public schools, which were in session an average of 6.9 months during 
the year. Number of teachers employed were 56 male, at an average salary of $27, and 79 
female teachers, at an an average of $15 per month. Total receipts of the year for all school 
purposes, was $14,314. Total expenditure, $12,509. The assessed value of personal and real 
estate for 1863 was $1,335,890. Estimated true value, $2,894.428. (See Toulon.) 

Stephenson County 

Was formed from Jo Daviess and Winnebago counties in February, 1837, and is bounded 
on the north by Wisconsin State, south by Carroll and Ogle counties, on the east by 
Winnebago, and on the west by Jo Daviess county. It is 27 miles long, and 21 miles wide, 
containing about 560 square miles ; and is watered by the Pecatonica and its tributaries on the 
north, and through the interior, also the heads of the Plum River and smaller streams on the 
south-western part. The prairies are generally undulating and the soil rich, with tracks of 
hilly barrens and oak openings. The timber is mostly in groves. This is one of the most 
flourishing counties of the State, its geographical position rendering it more than usually 
productive. The population in 1860 was 25,112 persons. The county is divided into fifteen 
organized townships, viz : Buckeye, Erin, Florence, Harlem, Kent, Lancaster, Loran, Oneco, 
Ridott, Rock Grove, Rock Run, Silver Creek, West Adams, West Point, and Winslow. These 
are great farming districts, raising an enormous quantity of all kinds of grain. Good spring 
water is abundant, and the surface undulating sufficiently to make it picturesque and healthy. 
The facilities of railroads are extensive. The Illinois Central Main Line, and the Galena and 
Chicago Union pass through this county. The Racine and Mississippi, and Northern Illinois 
also traverse this county, Freeport being the grand centre of all these roads. 

The products of the county in 1861 were of wheat, 1,168,138 bushels; corn, 2,048,100 
bushels ; and 21,828 acres of rye, oats, sorghum, and other field products. There were also 
9,107 horses, 22,142 head of cattle, 6,055 sheep, and 24,124 swine. In 1862 the number of 
persons between the ages of five and twenty-one were 8,484. Scholars, 8,298 ; in charge of 
126 male teachers, at an average of $28, and 13o female teachers, at an average of $16 per 
month. Schools in session 7.4 months. Total receipts for school purposes, $36,173, and 
expended $32,572. The assessed value of real and personal estate was $3,418,866. The 
estimated true value being $7,407,343. (See Freeport) 

Tazewell County. 

The county of Tazewell was formed from Peoria, in 1827. It is situated in the western 
central part of the State, bounded by Peoria and Woodford on the north, by Logan and Mason 
on the south, by Woodford and McLean on the east, and by Mason and the Illinois River on 


the west. This county is from eighteen to thirty miles long, north and south, and twenty-four 
miles wide from east to west. It is divided into nineteen organized townships, viz.: Boynton, 
Cincinnati, Deer Creek, Delavan, Dillon, Elm Grove, Fond-du-lac, Groveland, Kittle, Hope 
Dale, Little Mackinaw, Melone, Mackinaw, Morton, Pekin, Sand Prairie, Spring Lake, 
Fremont and Washington, the population of which, in 1860, was 21,470 persons. 

The Illinois River waters this county, which extends the whole length of its north-western 
side, the Mackinaw and its branches, Ten-mile Farm and Blue Creeks, all of which enter the 
Illinois, with some of the head branches of the Sangamon. On the bluffs of the Mackinaw and 
the other streams the land is broken and the timber chiefly oak ; in other portions of the county 
it has an undulating appearance, and has much good land. Below Pekin and towards Hayana 
are swamps, ponds and sand ridges. Sugar Creek and its branches water the south-eastern 
portion of the county. This is a rich agricultural county. Pleasant Grove and the adjacent 
country is delightful. The Logansport, Peoria & Burlington Railway passes through the 
northern portion, and the Illinois River Railway through tne western portion of the county. 
Another railroad is planned to pass through the centre of the county, from Peoria to 

In 1861, there were in this county 10,319 horses, 17,187 cattle, 6,619 sheep, and 
31,557 swine. The products were, of wheat, 523,719 bushels; corn, 4.881,200 bushels; 
also, 21,339 acres of oats, hay, sorghum, and other field products. In 1862, there were 8,008 
persons between the ages of five and twenty-one years ; attended school, 5,867, under the 
charge of 99 male teachers and 107 female, at an average salary of $28 per month for the 
male, and $20 for the female teachers. Schools in session, 7.3 months. Total amount 
expended for all school purposes,' $27,288. The assessed value of real and personal estate was 
$6,001,705, and the estimated true value is $13,003,694. (See Pekin.) 

Union County 

Was formed in 181.8 from Johnson county, and is situated in the southern part of the 
State, bounded on the north by Jackson and a corner of Williamson, east by Johnson, south 
by Alexander and Pulaski, east by the Mississippi River, which flows along its western borders, 
with an average length east and west, of about twenty-two miles ; width, north and south, 
eighteen miles. 

Union county contains the nine following townships, viz : Casper, Dongola, Jones, Misen- 
heimer, Preston, Rich, Ridge, Stokes, and Union, with a population in 1860 of about ll,18i 

This county is watered by Clear Creek, some of the south branches of Big Muddy, and the 
heads of Cash River. A large bend of the Big Muddy projects a few miles into the county, 
towards its north-western portion, and some sloughs and ponds are found on the Mississippi 
bottom. A great portion of this county is high rolling timber land. Here are found oaks of 
various kinds, hickory, white and black walnut, poplar, some beech, and other species of 
timber common to the country. The Illinois Central Railroad passes through its interior. 

In 1861 there were owned 3,022 horses, 7,329 cattle, 5,507 sheep, and 21,421 swine. Pro- 
ducts were, wheat, 262,875 bushels; corn, 931,850 bushels ; also 3,233 acres of oats, hay, 
cotton, tobacco, etc. From the State Superintendent's report for 1862, there were 4,472 
persons between the ages of five and twenty-one, and 3,546 children attended the public 
schools, which were in session an average of 6 months during the year. There were 67 male 
and 10 fema'e teachers employed, at an average monthly salary of $30 male, and $21 female. 
The total receipts for all school purposes was $12,092. Total expended, $11,556. 

In 1863 the assessed value of all real and personal estate was $1,474,478. The estimated 
true value being $3.194,702. (See Jonesboro.) 

Vermilion County. 

This county was organized from Edgar in 1826, and is situated in the eastern part of the 
State, bounded on the north by Iroquois, east by Indiana, south by Edgar, and west by 
Champaign and a corner of Ford counties. 

Length north and south, forty-two miles; width, east and west, twenty-one miles, it also 
contains eleven organized townships, viz : Blount, Carroll, Catlin, Danville, Elwood, George- 
town, Middle Prairie, Newell, Pilot, Rose, and Vance. The population in 1860 consisted of 
19,800 persons. 

94 JOHN c. w. BAILEY'S 

The county is well watered by the Big and Little Verrmllion Rivers and tributaries', and 
contains a large amount of excellent land. In the eastern part of the county the timber 
predominates, amongst which is the poplar and beech. Along the streams are oaks of various 
species, hickory, walnut, linden, ash, elm, and others common to Illinois. The soil of the 
prairie is a calcareous loam, from one to three feet deep, the surface being generally dry and 
undulating. Coal of a very superior quality, is also found in this county, the mines are very 
extensive in the vicinity of Danville. The Great Western Railway passes through the southern 
interior, east and west. There were owned in 1861, 12,271, horses, 22,548 cattle, 22,268 
sheep, and 46,278 swine. The products were-*of wheat, 220,796 bushels; corn, 4,457,850 
bushels ; and 10,512 acres of oats, hay, sorghum, potatoes, c., being in fact one of our most 
productive counties. 

On referring to the State Superintendent's report for 1862, we find that 6,727 children, 
attended the public schools, which were in session an average of 6 months during the year. 
There were one hundred and twenty four male, and one hundred and sixteen female teachers 
employed, at an average salary of $26 per month to the former, and $17 to the latter. Total 
receipts for the year for all school purposes was $27,774. The total expenditure being 
$21,701. The assessed value of personal and real estate for 1863 was $5,471,964. Estimated 
true value, $12,855,922. (See Danville.) 

Wabash County 

Was organized in 1824^ from Edwards county, and is situated in the south-eastern part of 
the State, bounded on the north by Lawrence county, east and south by Wabash River, and 
west by Edwards county. It has an average length, north and south, of about fifteen miles; 
width, east and west, twelve miles, and contains seven townships, viz.: Bonpas, Friendsville, 
Lancaster, Mt. Carmel, Pleasant Hill, Rochester and Wabash. The population in 1860 was 
7,313. Wabash county is \vatered by the Wabash and Bonpas Rivers, the latter flowing 
along its western borders. It contains considerable good land, both timber and prairie. 

In 1861, there were owned 2,445 horses, 4,640 cattle, 4,729 sheep, and 8,748 swine. Its 
products were, of wheat, 136,255 bushels; corn, 844,250 bushels; also, 2,832 acies of oats, 
hay, potatoes, &c. From the State Superintendent's report for 1862, there were 2,760 persons 
between the ages of five and twenty-one, and 2,459 children attended the public schools, 
which were in session 5.9 months during the year. The number of teachers employed was 
twenty-nine male, at an average salary of $24, and forty-four female teachers, at $12 per 
month. Total receipts for all school purposes, $6,824 ; total expended, $6,530. The 
assessed value of personal and real estate for 1863 was $1,008,980; estimated true value, 
$2,186,123. (See Mt. Carmel.) 

Warren County. 

This county was formed from Pike, in 1825, but not organized until 1830. It is situated in 
the west-north-western part of the State, south of Mercer county, west of Knox, north of 
McDonough, and east of Henderson. It contains fifteen organized townships, viz.: Berwick, 
Gold Brook, Ellison, Floyd, Greenbush, Hale, Kelly, Lenox, Monmouth, Point Pleasant, 
Roseville, Spring Grove, Sumner, Swan and Tompkins, with a population in I860 of 18,336 

The larger portion of this county is prairie, although along the streams some fine strips of 
timber are to be found. This county is excelled by no other in the State, neither in beautiful 
prairie scenery, nor in the rich productiveness of its soil. It is watered by Henderson River, 
Ellison, Cedar, Swan and some other smaller creeks. Coal abounds in different parts of the 
county ; also, limestone. The Burlington branch of C.. B. & Q. R. R. passes through the 
central portion, and the Quincy branch along its eastern limits. There are seven flour mills; 
also, nineteen coal mines in the county. 

According to the assessors returns for 1863, there were owned in the county 10,369 horses, 
23,068 cattle, 7,813 sheep, and 50,731 swine. There were under cultivation 34,046 acres of 
wheat, 80,727 acres of corn, and 13,334 acres of other field products, producing about 578,000 
bushels of wheat, and 4,036,000 bushels of corn. 

In 1.S62, from the State Superintendent's report, we learn that there were 8,534 children 
attending the public schools, which were in session an average of 6.5 months during the year, 
under the care of one hundred male, and one hundred and twenty-seven female teachers, the 
former at $25, the latter at $15 per month. Total receipts for all school purposes, $29.663; 
total expended, $22.908. Assessed value of personal and real estate iu 1863 was 
$3,820,483; estimated true value, $8,277,379. (See Monmouth.) 


Washington County. 

Washington county was formed from St. Clair, in January, 1818, and is situated in the 
south-western part of the State, bounded on the north by Clinton, east by Jefferson, south by 
Perry, and a corner of Randolph, and west by St. Clair counties. It is thirty miles long and 
from fifteen to twenty miles wide, and contains the eleven following townships, viz: Ashley, 
Bridgeport, Covington, Dubois, Elkton, Grand Point, Lively Grove, Nashville, Pilot Knob, 
Richland, and Venedy. The population was in 1860 13,731 persons. 

This county is well watered. The Kaskaskia River runs along the north-western side for 
eighteen miles, Elkhorn Creek waters its western, Beaucoup and Little Muddy its south-eastern, 
and Crooked Creek, and some smaller streams its northern portions. Considerable prairie, 
especially the southern points of the Grand Prairie is found in this county. The Illinois 
Central Railroad passes through the eastern portion of the county. 

la 1861 there were 6,088 horses, 16,003 cattle, 5,801 sheep, and 20,841 swine. The 
products were of wheat, 347,769 bushels; corn, 2,914,600 bushels; and 11,163 acres of 
oats, hay, sorghum, potatoes, etc. From the State Superintendent's report for 1862 there were 
3,799 persons between the ages of five and twenty one. 2,328 children attended the public 
schools, which were in session 6.4 months during the year. There were forty-three male 
teachers, and nineteen female employed, the former at an average salary of $26, and the latter 
$16 per month. Total receipts for all school purposes, $7,927. Total expenditures, $7,820. 
The assessed value of personal and real estate for 1863 was $3,159,695. Estimated true value, 
$6,846,005. (See Nashville.) 

Wayne County. 

Wayne county was formed from Edwards, in 1819, and is situated in the south-eastern part 
of the State, and is bounded on the north by Clay, east by Edwards, south by Hamilton, and 
a corner of White, and west by Jefferson and Marion. It is thirty miles long, east and west, 
and twenty-four miles wide, and contains 720 square miles. The Little Wabash passes through 
its eastern part, and Elm River and Skillet Fork water the northern portions of the ccunty. 
It is proportionably interspersed with prairie and wood land, generally of a second quality. 

Wayne county contains the following sixteen townships, viz : Arrington, Barn Hill, Bed- 
ford, Big Mound, Brush Creek, Elm, Four Mill, Hickory Hill, Indian Prairie, Jasper, Lamarce, 
Middleton, Mount Erie, NBW Ma^sillion, Wabash, and Zif. With a population in 1860 of 
12,223 persons. In 1861 there were 4,116 horses, 13,357 cattle, 11,619 sheep, and 20,029 
swine. The products were of wheat, 189,930 bushels; corn, 1,293,120 bushels ; and 4,986 
acres of oats, hay, and other field products. 

It appears from the report of the State Superintendent, that there were 5,446 persons 
between the ages of five and twenty-one, and 4,486 children attended the public schools, 
which were in session an average of 6 months during the year. There were ninety-one male 
and forty-one female teachers employed, the former at an average salary of $19, and the latter 
$13 per month. Total receipts for all school purposes, $13,965. Total expended, $13,019. 
The assessed value of personal and real estate for 1863 was $1,602,906. Estimated true value, 
$3,472,963. (See Fair field.) 

White County. 

White county was organized from Gallatin county, in 1815. It is situated in the south- 
eastern side of the State. Length, north and south, twenty-four miles; width, east and west, 
twenty two miles. It is bounded oi the north by Edwards and Wayne counties, east by the 
Big Wabash River, south by Gallatin, and west by Hamilton counties. 

The eastern side of this county is washed by the Big Wabash, along which is a low bottom, 
subject to inundation. The interior is watered by the Little Wabash and its tributaries. The 
banks of these streams are heavily timbered, among which are oak of several species, hickory, 
walnut, elm, ash and poplar. Between the streams are fine prairies, most of which are 
cultivated; the principal are the Big, Burnt and Seven-mile. 

White county contains eight townships, viz.: ' Burr Prairie," Carmi, Fox River, Grayville, 
Herald's Prairie, Indian Creek, Prairie and Seven-mile. Population in 1860 was 12,403 
persons. In 1861, there were 3,993 horses, 9,835 cattle, 9,575 sheep, and 27,763 swine. 
Products were, wheat, 128,820 bushels; corn, 1,009,100 bushels, and 4,433 acres, of hay, 
oats, cotton, &c. 

According to the State Superintendent's report for 1862, there were 4,995 persons between 
the ages of five and twenty-one, and 4,030 children attended the public school?, which were in 
session an average of six months during the year, under the care of seventy-seven male, and 
fourteen female teachers, the former at an average salary of $26, and the latter $17 per 
month. Total receipts for all school purposes, $10,591 ; total expenditure, $9,902. The 
assessed value of personal and real estate for 1863 was $1,465,471 ; estimated true value, 
$3,175,187. (See Carmi.) 

96 JOHN c. w. BAILEY'S 

Whiteside County 

Was organized from Jo Daviess county, in 1836, and is situated in the north-western part 
of the State, bounded on the north by Carroll, east by Lee, south by Bureau and Henry, and 
west by Rock Island county and the Mississippi River. It has an average length of about 
twenty-iiine miles, east and west, and twenty-four miles wide from north to south. There are 
twenty-two organized townships, viz.: Albany, Clyde, Coloma, Erie, Fenton, Fulton, Garden 
Plain, Genesee, Hahnaman, Hopkins, Hume, Jordan, Lyndon, Montmorency, Mount Pleasant, 
Newton, Portland, Prophets' Town, Sterling, Tampico, Union Grove and Ustick, having a 
population in 1860 of 18,737 persons. 

This county is watered by Rock River, which passes diagonally through it ; Little Rock ; 
also, Marais d'Ogee Lake, and swamps that divide it from Rock Island county, and several 
other small streams. It has some tracts of heavy timber along Rock River and Little Rock, 
besides some groves, copses and brushy swamps. Some of its prairie land is flat, while other 
portions are beautifully undulating and rich. The Dixon Air Line Railroad, operated by the 
Galena & Chicago Company, passes through the north central part of the county. 

In 1861, there were 7,154 horses, 20,618 head of cattle, 1,480 sheep, and 16,887 swine; 
while the product* were, of wheat, 949,230 bushels; corn, 2,694,700 bushels; besides 16,961 
acres of oats, rye, hay, and other field products. In 1862, there were 6,827 scholars attending 
school ; the schools in session an average'of seven months during the year. The number of 
teachers were, male, 76, at an average ^salary of $29 per month, and 129 female, at an average 
of $15. The total received for all school purposes was $35,489, and the total expended, 
$34,326. The assessed value of real and personal estate was $3,049,510 ; the estimated true 
value being $6,615,523. 

Will County. 

This county ia situated in the north-east part of the State, with DuPage and Cook counties 
adjoining on the north, Cook county and Indiana on the east, Kankakee south, and Grundy 
and Kendall on the west. It is 38 miles long, east and west, and from 12 to 86 miles wide, 
containing about 900 square miles. Will county is divided into twenty-three organized town- 
ships, viz : Carey, Channahon, Crete, DuPage, Florence, Frankfort, Green Garden, Homer, 
Jackson, Joliet, Lockport, Manhattan, Monee, New Lenox, Peotone, Plainfield, Reed, Troy, 
Washington, Wesley, Will, Wilmington, and Wilton, with a population in 1860 of 29,321. 

This county was organized under an act of the Legislature passed at the session of 1835- 
6. It embraced all the country south of the present boundaries of Cook and Dupage lying 
north of the Kankakee River, and so much of the country south of Kankakee as lies north of 
the north line of township thirty-one (31) ; it was previously a part of the county of Cook. 
Mr. William R. Rice, of Hickory Creek, was among the first, if not the first settler in the county, 
afterwards organized 'as the county of Will. Two or three years later, emigration commenced 
coming to the northern part of the State from the east by way of the lakes, meeting a tide of 
emigration from Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Virginia, and Tennessee, most of which came by 
land. At the close of the Sauk war, which ended in 1833, the country commenced filling up 
rapidly with settlers ; about this time Joel A. Matteson, afterwards Governor of the State, 
settled on the Au Sable River, near the county line, but afterwards removed to Joliet. The 
first land sale of Government lands in northern Illinois, was held in Chicago in June, 1835, 
from which time to the present the "country has rapidly filled with emigrants. 

Numerous growing towns and 'villages have sprung up in the county within a few years, 
among which are Joliet, the county seat, Lockport, which has a fine water power, and 
Wilmington on the Kankakee River. The last mentioned has one of the finest water-powers 
in the State, much of which is improved, for milling and manufacturing purposes. 

The county of Will has within its limits ninety miles of railroad completed and in opera- 
tion, with other railroads in process of construction. The Illinois Central, Chicago and Rock 
Island, Joliet Cut-off, St. Louis, Alton and Chicago, and Joliet and Chicago Railroads, all pass 
through the county or terminate in it, and are in successful operation. This county is well 
watered, and has a good supply of timber, with abundance of as good prairie land as exists 
anywhere. The Kankakee River, a large rapid stream one-fourth of a mile broad, runs through 
the southern part of the county, connecting with the Des Plaines River on the west side of the 
county, forming the well-known Illinois River. The Des Plaines River passes nearly through 
the county from north to south a large rapid stream with abundance of water power ; both 
of these rivers, as well as the Du Page River, which runs through the western border of the 
county, flow over rock bottoms, and afford ample water power, with good stone quarries along 
their banks. 


The first court held in the county, was held in Joliet in the spring of 1837. Judge Thomas 
Ford, afterwards Governor of Illinois, presided. Among the members of the bar, were 
J. M. Wilson, since Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of the city of Chicago ; Uri 
Osgood, then a lawyer of Will county, several years a member of the State Senate ; Colonel 
J. M. Strode, since of McHenry county, distinguished for his services in the Sauk war, and 
many years a member of the State Senate from northern Illinois. Also General James 
Turney, formerly Attorney General of the State. Since its first organization, the county of 
Will has rapidly increased in "population and wealth. It has a -good farming population, 
whose annual fairs will compare favorably with any in the State. Its towns are noted for 
the spirit of enterprise and progress, and the time i& close at hand, when it will be among 
the richest and most populous counties in the State. 

In 1861, there were 12,262 horses, 3fr,225 cattle, 8,389 sheep, and 11,181 swine owned in 
the county. Products wheat, 497,335 bushels ; corn 3,805,050 bushels ; besides 4,140 
acres of hay, oats, rye, potatoes, &c. According to the State Superintendent's report for 1862, 
there were 8,244 persons between the ages of five and twenty-one, and 8, 111 scholars attending 
the public schools, which wer^ in session an average of 7.3 months during the year. There 
were 108 mule, and 190 female teachers employed, the former at an average salary of $24 ; 
and the latter $^5 per month. The total receip'ts for all school purposes were $41,069. 
Total . expended, $34,279. In 1863, the assessed value of personal and real estate was 
$5,134,477. Estimated true value, $11,124,690. (See Joliei.) 

Williatnson County 

Is situated in the south part of the State, and is bounded on the north by Franklin, east' 
by Saline, south by Johnson and a corner of Union, and west by Jackson counties. It is 
twenty-four miles long, east and west, and eighteen miles wide. It contains the twelve 
following townships, viz.: Bainbridge, Crab Orchard, Eight-mile, Grassy, Herring's Prairie, 
Lake Creek, Marion, Northern, Rock Creek, Saline, Southern and Union, with a population 
in 1860 of 12,205 persons. 

The Big Muddy River traverses the north-western corner of this county, while the Crab 
Orchard Creek (an affluent of the Big Muddy) waters the interior, and the South Fork of the 
Saline runs through the south-eastern portion. The Illinois Central Railroad passes within a 
few miles of its western limits. 

In 1861, there were 3,021 horses, 7,801 cattle, 9,458 sheep, and 22,960 swine. The 
products were 187,050 bushels of wheat, 929,120 bushels of corn, and 1,897 acres of oats, hay, 
cotton, Ace. 

From the State Superintendent's report for 1862, we find that there were 5,588 persons 
between five and twenty-one years of age, 2,966 of whom attended the public schools, which 
were in session an average of 5.9 months during the year. There were fifty-two male and 
twenty female teachers employed, at an average salary of $26 per month to the former, and 
$20 to the latter. The total expended for all school purposes was $7,089. Assessed value 
of personal and real estate for 1863, $1,104,499 ; estimated true value, $2,393,081. (See 

Winnebago County 

Was formed from Jo Daviess and the attached portion of LaSalle county, in January, 1836, 
from which parts of Stephenson and Boone counties have since been detached. It is bounded 
north by Wisconsin State, east by Boone, south by Ogle, and west by Stephenaon, being 
twenty-four miles long and twenty-one miles wide, having an area of 504 square n:iles. Rock 
River runs through it from north to south ; the Pecatonica comes in on its western border 
and enters Rock River ; Kishwaukee waters its south-eastern part, and enters Rock River. 
There are also other small streams. There is much excellent land in this county. The timber 
is in groves and detached portions, and the prairies are undulating and abundantly rich. 
Rock River furnishes immense water power, especially at Rockford, and all the streams 
abound in good mill sites. 

Winnebago county contains sixteen organized townships, viz.: Burnitt, Cherry Valley 
Guilford, Harlem, Harrison, Howard, Laona, Lysander, New Milford, Owen, Rockford| 
Rockton, Roscoe, Seward, Shirlan and Winnebago. The population in 1860 was 24 491 
persons. The Galena & Chicago Union and Kenosha & Rockford Railroads traverse the south 



and south-eastern portions of the county, intersecting at Rockford. The Racine, Mississippi, 
Beloit iind Madison Roads pass through the north arid north-western portions. 

In 1861, there were in this county 8,694 horses, 17,489 cuttle, 4,560 sheep, and 10,891 
gwine. From the State Superintendent's report for 1862, we learn that there were 7,895 
persons between the ages of five and twenty-one years: scholars attending public schools, 
'7,872, under the care of 87 male, and 186 fem.ilo teachers, receiving an average salary per 
month of $27 to the former, and $13 to the latter. Total receipts for. school purposes, 
$24,156; total'amount expended, $23,510. The assessed value of personal and real estate for 
1863 was $4,027,077; estimated true value, $8,725,333. (See Rock/ord.) 

Woodford County 

Is situated in the north central part of the State, bounded on the north by*Marshall. east by 
Livingston and McLean, south by Tazewell, and on the west by the Illinois River or the Peoria 
Lake. It is an irregularly shaped country, about thirty miles in length east and west, and an 
average width of fifteen miles. It is divided into the following fifteen organized townships, viz : 
Cazanova, Clayton, Greene, Kansas, Lynn, MeUmora, Minonk, Montgomery, Olio, Palestine, 
Panola, Partridge, Roanoke, Spring Bay, and Worth, containing a population in 1860 of 13,282 

The surface is slightly undulating, and consists chiefly .of prairies. The soil is fertile, and 
la watered by the Mackinaw and Crow Creeks, while the Peoria Lake (an expansion of the 
Illinois River) flows along its western borders. Tee Illinois Central Railroad passes through 
the eastern, and the Logansport, Peoria and Burlington Railroad through the southern part of 
the county, intersecting at El Paso. 

In 1861, there were 7,196 horses, 13,217 cattle, 2,429 sheep, and 22,561 swine. Products, 
wheat, 504,050 bushels; corn, 2,886,620 bushels; and 15,598 acres of oats, hay, rye, etc., etc. 

From the report of the State Superintendent lor 1862, there were 4,140 persons between the 
ages of five and twenty-one ; and 4,187 scholars attended the public schools, which were in 
session an average of 6.7 months during the year. There were seventy eight male, and sixty- 
two female teachers employed the former at a salary of $25, and the latter $17 per month. 
Total expenditure for all school purposes, $17,719. The assessed value of personal and real 
estate for 1863 was $2,517,665. Estimated true value, $5,554,940. (See Metamora.) 


The following is a record of the Governors of Illinois, as they appear in the record book 
kept in the office of the Secretary of State for that purpose : 
Governors. Date. Remarks. 

Bhadr.ich Bond 1818 

Edward Coles, 1822 Resides now in Philadelphia. 

John Reynolds, ...1830 " Belleville. 

Joseph Duncan, 1834 Now deceased. 

Thomas Carlin, 1838 " 

Thomas Ford, 1842 

Augustus C. French, 1846 Resides in Lebanon. 

Augustus C. French, 1849 Elected under new constitution. 

Joel A. Matteson, 1853 Now in Europe. 

William H. Biseell, 1857 Die.J MVch 18, 1860. 

John Wood, 1860 Lieut. Governor, qualified as Governor 

March 21, 1860. Resides in Quincy. 

Richard Yates, 1861 Present Governor. 

Governors are not commissioned. The vote is canvassed by the Legislature, before whom 
they are inaugurated. 





WE, the people of the State of Illinois, grateful to ALMIGHTY GOD for the civil, political, and 
religious liberty, which HE hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to HIM for a 
blessing upon our endeavors to secure and transmit the same unimpaired to succeeding 
generations, in order to form a more perfect government, establish justice, insure domestic 
tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the 
blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution 
for the State of Illinois. 


SECTION 1. The boundaries and jurisdiction of the state shall be as follows, to-wit: Begin- 
ning at the mouth of the Wabash river ; thence up the same, and with the line of Indiana, to 
the north-west corner of the State; thence east, with the line of the same State, to the middle 
of Lake Michigan ; thence north, along the middle of said Lake, to north latitude forty-two 
degrees and thirty minutes ; thence west to the middle of the Mississippi river, and thence 
down, along the middle of that river, to its confluence with the Ohio river; and thence up the 
latter river, along its north-western shore, to the place fcf beginning: Provided, that this State 
shall exercise such jurisdiction upon the Ohio river as she is now entitled to, or such as may 
hereafter be agreed upon by this State and the State of Kentucky. 


SECTION 1. The powers of the government of the State of Illinois shall be divided into 
three distinct departments, and each of them be confided to a separate body of magistracy, 
to-wit: Those which are legislative, to one ; those which are executive, to another; and those 
which are judicial, to another. 

SEC. 2. No person, or collection of persons, being one of these departments, shall exercise 
any power properly belonging to either of the others, except as hereinafter expressly directed 
or permitted ; and all acts in contravention of this section shall be void. 


SECTION 1. The legislative authority of this State shall be vested in a general assembly; 
which shall consist of a senate and house of representatives, both to be elected by the people. 

SEC. 2. The Brat election for senators and repr -sentatives shall be held on the Tuesday 
after the first Monday in November, one thousand eight hundred and forty eight; and there- 
after, election for members of the general assembly shall be held once in two years, on the 
Tuesday next after the first Monday in November, in each and every county, at such places 
therein .is may be provided by law. 

SEC. 3. No person shall be a representative who shall not have attained the age of twenty- 
five years; who shall not be a citizen of the United States, and three years an inhabitant of 
this State ; who shall not have resided within 'he limits of the county or district in which he 
shall be chosen twelve months next preceding his election, if such county or district shall have 
been so long erected ; but if not, then within the limits of the county or counties, district or 
districts, out of which the same shall have been taken, unless he shall have been absent on the 
public business of the United States, or of this State ; and who, moreover, shall not have paid 
a state or county tax. 

SEC. 4. No person shall be a senator who shall not have attained the age of thirty years ; 
who shall not be a citizen of the United State-*, five years an inhabitant of this State, and one 
year in the county or district in which he shall be chosen immediately preceding his election, 
if such county or district shall have been so long erected ; but if not, then within the limits of 
the county or counties, district or distr cts, out of which the same shall have been taken, unless 
be shall have b -en absent on the public business of the United States, or of this State, and 
shall not, moreover, have paid a state or county tax. 

SEC. 5. The senators at their first session herein provided for shall be divided by lot, as 
near as can be, into two classes. The seats of the first class shall be vacated at the expira- 
tion of the second year, and those of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year; g o 
that one-half thereof, as near as possible, may be biennially chosen for ever thereafter.' 


SEC. 6. The senate shall consist of twenty-five members, and the house of representatives 
shall consist of seventy five members, until the population of the State shall amount to one 
million of souls, when five members may be added to the house, and five additional members 
for every five hundred thousand inhabitants thereafter, until the whole number of representa- 
tives shall amount to one hundred ; after which the number shall neither be increased nor 
diminished; to be apportioned among the several counties according to the number of white 
inhabitants. In all future apportionments, where more than one county shall be thrown into a 
representative district, all the representatives to which said counties may be entitled shall be 
elected by the entire district. 

SEC. 7. No person elected to the general assembly shall receive any civil appointment 
within this State, or to the senate of the United States, from the governor, the governor and 
senate, or from the general assembly, during the term for which he shall have been elected ; 
and all such appointments, and all votes given for any such member for any such office or 
appointment, shall be void ; nor shall any member of the general assembly be interested, either 
directly or indirectly, in any contract with the State, or any county thereof, authorized by any 
law passed during the time for which he shall have been elected, or during one year after the 
expiration thereof. 

SEC. 8. In the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, and every tenth year there- 
after, an enunmeration of the inhabitants of this State shall be made, in such manner as shall 
be directed by law; and in the year eighteen hundred and fifty, and every tenth year there- 
after, the census taken by authority of the government of the United States, shall be adopted 
by the general assembly as the enumeration of this State ; and the number of senators and 
representatives shall, at the first regular session holden after the returns herein provided for 
are made, be apportioned among the several counties or districts to be established by law, 
according to the number of white inhabitants. 

SEC. 9. Senatorial and representative districts shall be composed of contiguous territory, 
bounded by county lines ; and only one senator allowed to each senatorial, and not more than 
three representatives to any representative district ; Provided, that cities and towns containing 
the requisite population may be erected into separate districts. 

SEC. 10. In forming senatorial an<j| representative districts, counties containing a popula- 
tion of not more than one-fourth over the existing ratio, shall form separate districts, and the 
excess shall be given to the nearest county or counties not having a senator or representative, 
as the case may be, which has the largest white population. 

SEC. 11. The first session of the general assembly shall commence on the first Monday of 
January, one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine ; and for ever after, the general assembly 
shall meet on the first Monday of January next ensuing the election of the members thereof, 
and at no other period, unless as provided by this constitution. 

SEC. 12. The senate and house of representatives, when assembled, shall each choose a 
speaker and other officers (the speaker of the senate excepted.). Each house shall judge of 
the qualifications and ele-jtion of its members, and sit upon its own adjournments. Two-thirds 
of each house shall constitute a quorum ; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, 
and compel the attendance of absent members. 

SEC. 13. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and publish them. The yeas 
and nays of the members on any question shall, at the desire of any two of them be entered on 
the journals. 

SEC. 14. Any two members of either house shall have liberty to dissent and protest against 
any act or resolution which they may think injurious to the public, or to any individual, and 
have the reasons of their dissent entered on the journals. 

SEC. 15. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members .for 
disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds of all the members elected, expel 
a member, but not a second time for the same cause ; and the reason for such expulsion shall 
be entered upon the journal, with the names of the members voting upon the question. 

SEC. 16. When vacancies shall happen in either house, the governor, or the person exer- 
cising the powers of governor, shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies. 

SEC. 17. Senators and representatives shall in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach 
of the peace, be privileged from arrest during the session of the general assembly, and in 
going and returning from the same ; and for any speech or debate in either house, they shall 
not be questioned in any other place. 

SKC 18. Each house may punish, by imprisonment during its session, any person, not a 
member, who shall be guilty of disrespect to the house, by any disorderly or contemptuous 
behavior in their presence: Provided, such imprisonment shall not, at any one time exceed 
twenty-four hours. 

SEC. 19. The doors of each house, and of committees of the whole, shall be kept open, 
except in such cases as in the opinion of the house may require secresy. Neither house shall, 
without consent of the other, adjourn for more than two days, nor to any other place than that 
in which the two houses shall be sitting. 

SEC. 20. The style of the laws of this State shall be: " Be it enacted by the people of the 
State of Illinois, rcpret-en'ed in the General Assembly." 

SEC. 21. Bills may originate in either house, but may be altered, amended, or rejected 


by the other ; and on the final passage of all bills, the vote shall be by ayes and noes, and 
shall be entered on the journal ; and no bill shall become a law without a concurrence of a 
majority of all the members elect in each house. 

SEC. 22. Bills making appropriations for the pay of the members and officers of the gene- 
ral assembly, and for the salaries of the officers of the government, shall not contain any 
provision on any other subject. 

SEC. 23. Every bill shall be read on three different days in each house, unless, in case of 
urgency, three-fourths of the house, where such bill is so depending, shall deem it expedient 
to dispense with .this .rule, and every bill having passed both houses shall be signed by the 
speakers of their respective houses ; and no private or local law which may be passed by the 
general assembly shall embrace more than one subject, and that shall be expressed in the title. 
And no public act of the general assembly shall take effect or be in force until the expiration 
of sixty days from the end of the session at which the same may be passed, unless in case of 
emergency the general assembly shall otherwise direct. 

SEC. 24. The sum of two dollars per day, for the first forty two days' attendance, and one 
dollar per day for each days' attendance thereafter, and ten cents for each necessary mile's 
travel, going to and returning from the seat of government, shall be allowed to the members 
of the general assembly, as a compensation for their services, and no more. The speaker of 
the house of representatives shall be allowed the sum of one dollar per day, in addition to his 
per diem as a member. 

SEC. 25. The per diem and mileage allowed to each member of the general assembly shall 
be certified by the speakers of their respective houses, and entered on the journal, and 
published at the close of each session. 

SEC. 26. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations 
made by law ; and an accurate statement of the receipts and expenditures of the public moneys 
shall be attached to, and published with, the laws at the rising of each session of the general 
assembly. And no person, who has been or may be a collector or holder of the public moneys, 
shall be eligible to a seat in either house of the general assembly, nor be eligible to any office 
of profit or trust in this State, until such person shall have accounted for, and paid into the 
treasury all sums for which he may be accountable. 

SEC. 27. The nouse of representatives shall have the sole power of impeaching ; but a 
majority of all the members elected must concur in an impeachment. All impeachments shall 
be tried by the senate ; and when sitting for that purpose, the senators shall be upon oath or 
affirmation, to do justice according to law and evidence. No person shall be convicted with- 
out the concurrence of two-thirds of the senators elected. 

SEC. 28. The governor and other civil officers under this State, shall be liable to impeach- 
ment for any misdemeanor in office ; but judgment in such cases shall not extend further than 
to removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honor, profit, or trust, under 
this State. The party, whether convicted or acquitted, shall nevertheless, be liable to indict- 
ment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law. 

SEC. 29. No judge of any court of law or equity, secretary of state, attorney general, 
attorney for the state, recorder, clerk of any court of record, sheriff, or collector, member of 
either house of congress, or person holding any lucrative office under the United States or of 
this State; provided, that appointments in the militia, or justices of the peace, shall not be 
considered lucrative offices; shall have a seat in the. general assembly; nor shall any person, 
holding any office of honor or profit under the government of the United States, hold any 
office of honor or profit under the authority of this State. 

SEC. 30. Every person who shall be chosen or appointed to any office of trust or profit 
shall, before entering upon the duties thereof, take an oath to support the constitution of the 
United States, and of this State, and also an oath of office. 

SEC. 31. The general assembly shall have full power to exclude from the privilege of 
electing, or being elected, any person convicted of bribery, perjury, or other infamous crime. 

SEC. 32. The general assembly shall have no power to grant divorces, but may authorize 
the courts of justice to grant them for such cause as may be specified bv law ; Provided, that 
such laws shall be general and uniform in their operation. 

SEC. 33. The general assembly shall never grant or authorize extra compensation to any 
public officer, agent, servant, or contractor, after the service shall have been rendered, or the 
contract entered into. 

SEC. 34. The general assembly shall direct by law in what manner suits may be brought 
against the State. 

SEC. 35. The general assembly shall have no power to authorize lotteries for any purpose, 
nor to revive or extend the charter of the State Bank, or the charter of any other bank here- 
tofore existing in this State, and shall pass laws to prohibit the sale of lottery tickets in this 

SEC. 36. The general assembly shall have no power to authorize, by private or special 
law, the sale of any lands or real estate, belonging,, in whole or in part, to any individual or 

SEC. 37. Each general assembly shall provide for all the appropriations necessary for the 
ordinary and contingent expenses of the government until the adjournment of the next regular 


session, the aggregate amount of which shall not be increased without a vote of two-thirds of 
each house, nor exceed the amount of revenue authorized by law to be raised in such time: 
Provided, the State may, to meet casual deficits or failures in revenue, contract debts never to 
exceed in the aggregate fifty thousand dollars; and the moneys thus borrowed shall be applied 
to the purpose for which they were obtained, or to repay the debt thus made, and to no other 
purpose^ and no other debt, except for the purpose of repelling invasion, suppressing insur- 
rection, or defending the State in war (for payment of which the faith of the State shall be 
pledged), shall be contracted, unless the law authorizing the same shall, at a general election, 
have been submitted to the people, and have received a majority of all the votes cast for mem- 
bers of the general assembly at such election. The general assembly shall provide for the 
publication of said law for three months at least befoae the vote of the people shall be taken 
upon the same ; and provision shall be made at the time for the payment of the interest annu- 
ally, as it shall accrue, by a tax levied for the purpose, or from other sources of revenue ; which 
law, providing for the payment of such interest by such tax, shall be irrepealable until such 
debt shall be paid; And provided, further, that the law levying the tax shall be submitted to 
the people with the law authorizing the debt to be contracted. 

SEC. 38. The credit of the State shall not, in any manner, be given to, or in aid of, any 
individual, association, or corporation. 

SEC. 39. The general assembly shall providebv law that the fuel and stationery furnished 
for the use of the State, the copying, printing, binding, and distributing the laws and journals, 
and all other printing ordered by the general assembly, shall be let by contract to the lowest 
responsible bidder; and that no member of the general assembly, or other officer of the State 
shall be interested, either directly or indirectly, in any such contract; Provided, that the 
general assembly mav fix a maximum price. 

SEC. 40. Until there shall be a new apportionment of senators and representatives, the 
State shall be divided into senatorial and representative districts, and the senators and repre- 
sentatives shall be apportioned among the several districts as follows, viz. : 

[This apportionment is omitted because it is superseded by a neuo one.] 

SEC. 41. Until the general assembly f-hall otherwise provide, the clerks of the county 
commissioners' courts in each of the aforesaid senatorial districts, and in such of the represen- 
tative distiicts as may be composed of more than one county, shall meet at the connty seat 
of the oldest county in said district, within thirty days next after any election for senator or 
representatives therein, for the purpose of comparing and canvassing the votes given at such 
election ; and the said clerks shall in all other respects conform to the laws on the subject in 
force at the time of the adoption of this constitution. 


SECTION 1. The executive power of the State shall be vested in a governor. 

SEC. 2. The first election of governor shall be held on Tuesday next after the first Monday 
in November, A. D., 1848; and the next election shall be held on Tuesday next after the first 
Monday in November, A. D., 1852; and thereafter an election for governor shall be held once 
in four years, on Tuesday next after the first Monday in November. The governor shall be 
chosen by the electors of the members of the g neral assembly, at the same places, -and in the 
same manner, that they shall respectively vote for members thereof. The returns for every 
election of governor shall be sealed up and transmitted to the seat of government by the 
returning officers, directed to the speaker of the house of representatives, who shall open and 
publish them in the presence of a majority of the members of each house of the general 
assembly. The person having the highest number of votes shall be governor; but if two or 
more be equal and highest in votes, then one of them shall be chosen governor by joint ballot 
of both houses of the general assembly. Conte-ted elections shall be determined by both 
houses of the general assembly, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law. 

SEC. 3. The first governor shall enter upon the duties of his office the second Monday of 
January, A. D , 1849, and shall hold his office until the second Monday of January, A. D., 1853, 
and until his successor shall have been elected and qualified ; and thereafter the governor shall 
hold his office for the term of four years, and until his successor shall have been elected and 
qualified; but he shall not be eligible to such office more tnan four years in any term of eight 
years, nor to any other office, until after the expiration of the term for which he was elected. 

SEC. 4. No person except a citizen of the United States shall be eligible to the office of 
governor; nor shall anv person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained the age 
of thirty-five years, and been ten years a resident of this State, and fourteen years a citizen of 
the United States. 

SEC. 5. The governor shall reside at the seat of government, and receive a salary of 
fifteen hundred dollars per annum, which shall not be increased or diminished ; and he shall 
not, during the time for which he shall have been elected, receive any emolument from the 
United States, or either of them. 

SEC. 6. Before he enters upon the duties of his office he shall take the following oath or 
affirmation, to-wit: " I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the duties 
apperiaining to office of governor of the State of Illinois; and will, to the best of my ability, 


preserve, protect, and defend the constitution of this State, and will also support the constitu- 
tion of the United States." 

SEC. 7. He shall, from time to time, give the general assembly information of the state of 
the government, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall deem 

SEC. 8. The governor shall have power to grant reprieves, commutations, and pardons, 
after conviction, for all offenses, except treason and cases of impeachment, upon such condi- 
tions, and with such restrictions and limitations, as he may think proper, subject to such 
regulations as may be provided by law relative to the manner of applying for pardons. Upon 
conviction for treason he shall have power to suspend the execution of t*ie sentence until the 
case shall be reported to the general assembly at its next meeting, when the general assembly 
shall pardon the convict, commute the sentence, direct the execution thereof, or grant a 
further reprieve. He shall, biennially, communicate to the general assembly each case of 
reprieve, commutation, or pardon granted, stating the name of the convict, the crime for 
which he was convicted, the sentence and its date, and the date of commutation, pardon, or 

SEC. 9. He may require information in writing from the officers in the executive depart- 
ments upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices, and shall take care 
that the laws be faithfully executed. 

SEC. 10. He may, on extraordinary occasions, convene the general assembly by proclama- 
tion, and shall state in said proclamation the purpose for which they are to convene; and the 
general assembly shall enter on no legislative business except that for which they were specially 
called together. 

SEC. 11. He shall be commander-in-chief of the army and navy of this State, and of the 
militia, except when they shall be called into the service of the Uniterf States. 

SEC. 12. Thegovernorshall nominate, and, by and with the advice and consent of the senate 
(a majority of all the senators concurring), appoint all officers whose offices are established by 
this constitution, or which may be created by law, and whose appointments are not otherwise 
provided for ; and no such officer shall be appointed or elected by the general assembly. 

SEC. 13. In cases of disagreement between the two houses with respect to the time of 
adjournment, the governor shall have power to adjourn the general assembly to such time as 
he thinks proper: Provided, it be not to a period beyond the next constitutional meeting of 
the same. 4 

SEC. 14. A lieutenant governor shall be chosen at every election of governor, in the same 
manner, continue in office for the same time, and possess the name qualifications. In voting 
for governor and lieutenant governor, the electors shall distinguish whom they vote for a8 
governor and whom as lieutenant governor. 

SEC. 15. The lieutenant governor shall, by virtue of his office, be speaker of the senate ; 
have a right, when in committee of the whole, to debate and vote on all subjects, and when- 
ever the senate are equally divided, to give the casting vote. 

SEC. 16. Whenever the government shall be administered by the lieutenant governor, or 
he shall be unable to attend as speaker of the senate, the senators shall elect one of their own 
number as speaker for that occasion; and if, during the vacancy of the office of. governor, 
the lieutenant governor shall be impeached, removed from office, refuse to qualify, or resign, 
or die, or be absent from the State, the speaker of the senate, shall, in like manner, administer 
the government. 

SEC. 17. The lieutenant governor, while he acts as speaker of the senate, shall receive for 
his services the same compensation which shall, for the same period, be allowed the speaker 
of the house of representatives, and no more. 

SEC. 18. If the lieutenant governor shall be called upon to administer the government, 
and shall while in such administration resign, die, or be absent from the State during the 
recess of the general assembly, it shall be the duty of the secretary of state, for the time 
being, to convene the senate for the purpose of choosing a speaker. 

SEC. 19. In case of impeachment of the governor, his absence from the State, or inabil- 
ity to discharge the duties of his office, the powers, duties, and emoluments of the office shall 
devolve upon the lieutenant governor; and in case of his death, resignation, or removal, then 
upon the speaker of the senate for the time being, until the governor, absent or impeached, 
shall return or be acquitted ; or until the disqualification or inability shall cease ; or until a 
new governor shall be elected and qualified. 

Sv:c._20. In case of a vacancy in the office of governor, for any other cause than those 
herein enumerated, or in case of the death of the governor elect before he is qualified, the 
power*, duties, and emoluments of the office shall devolve upon the lieutenant governor or 
speaker of the senate, as above provided, until a new governor be elected and qualified. 

SEC. 21. Every bill which shall have passed the senate and house of representatives, shall, 
before it becomes a law, be presented to the governor; if he approve, he shall sign it; but if 
not, he shall return it, with his objections, to the house in which it shall have originated; 
and the said house shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to recon- 
sider it. If, after such reconsideration, a majority of the members elected shall agree to pass 
the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall 


likewise be reconsidered; and if approved by a majority of the members elected, it shall 
become a law, notwithstanding the object : ons of the governor ; but in all such cases, the 
votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, to be entered on the journal of 
each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the governor within ten days 
(Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like 
manner as if he had signed it, unless the general assembly shall, by their adjournment, prevent 
its return, in which case the s:iid bill shall be returned on the first day of the meeting of the 
general assembly, after the expiration of said ten days, or be a law. 

SEC. 22. There shall be elected by the qualified electors of this State, at the same time 
of the election for governor, a secretary of state, whose term of office shall be the same as 
that of the governor, wh:> shall keep a fair register of the official acts of the governor, and, 
when required, shall lay the same, and all papers, minutes, and vouchers, relative thereto, 
before either branch of the general assembly, and shall perform such other duties as shall be 
assigned him by law, and shall receive a salary of eight hundred dollars per annum, and no 
more, except fees: Provided, that if the office of secretary of state should be vacated by 
death, resignation, or otherwise, it shall be the duty of the governor to appoint another, who 
shall hold his office until another secretary shall be elected and qualified. 

SEC. 23. There shall be chosen, by the qualified electors throughout the State, an auditor 
of public accounts, who shall hold his office for the term of four years, and until his successor 
is qualified, and whose duties shall be regulated by law, and who shall receive a salary, 
exclusive of clerk hire, of one thousand dollars per annum for his services, and no more. 

SEC. 24. There shall be elected, by the qualified electors throughout the State, a state 
treasurer, who shall hoid his office for two years, and until his successor is qu-Uified; whose 
duties may be rcgulate^by law, and who shall receive a salary of eight hundred dollars per 
annum, and no more. ' 

SEC. 25. All grants and commissions shall be scaled with the great seal of state, signed 
by the governor or person administering the government, and countersigned by the secretary 
of state. 

SEC. -26. The governor and all other civil officers shall be liable to impeachment for 
misdemeanor in office, during their continuance in office, and for two years thereafter. 


* SECTION 1. The judicial power of this State shall be, and is hereby, vested in one supreme 
court, in circuit courts, in county courts, and in justices of the peace : Provided, that inferior 
local courts, of civil and criminal jurisdiction, may be established by the general assembly in 
the cities of this State, but such courts shall have a uniform organization and jurisdiction in 
such cities. 

SEC. 2. The supreme court shall consist of three judges, two of whom shall form a 
quorum ; and the concurrence of two of said judges shall, in all cases, be necessary to a 

SEC. 3. The state shall be divided into three grand divisions, as nearly equal as may be, 
and the qualified electors of each division shall elect one of the said judges for the term of 
nine years: Provided, that after the first election of such judges, the general assembly mav 
have the power to provide by law for their election by the whole State, or by divisions, as 
they may deem most expedient. 

SEC. 4. The office of one of said judges shall be vacated, after the first election held 
under this article, in three years ; of one, in six years ; and of one, in nine years ; to be 
decided by lot, so that one of said judges shall be elected once in every three -years. The 
judge having the longest term to serve shall be the first chief-justice ; after which, the judge 
having the oldest commission shall be chief justice. 

SEC. 5. The supreme court may have original jurisdiction in cases relative to the revenue, 
in cases of mandamics, habeas corpus, and in such cases of impeachment as may be by law 
directed to be tried before it, and shall have appellate jurisdiction in all other cases. 

SEC. 6. The supreme court shall hold one term annually in each of the aforesaid grand 
divisions, at such time and place, in each of said divisions, as may be provided for by law. 

SEC. 7. The State shall be divided into nine judicial districts; in each of which one 
circuit judge shall be elected by the qualified electors thereof, who shall hold his office for the 
term of six years, and until his successor shall be commissioned and qualified: Provided, that 
the general assembly may increase the number of circuits to meet the future exigencies of the 

SEC. 8. There shall be two or more terms of the circuit court held, annually, in each 
county of this State, at such times as shall be provided by law ; and said courts shall have 
jurisdiction in all cases at law and equity, and in all cases of appeals from all inferior courts. 

SEC. 9. All vacancies in the supreme and circuit courts shall be filled by election as 
aforesaid: Provided, hoivever, that if the unexpired term does not exceed one year, such 
vacancy may be filled by executive appointment. 

SEC. 10. The judges of the supreme court shall receive a salary of twelve hundred 
dollars per annum, payable quarterly, and no more. The judges of the circuit courts shall 
receive a salary of one thousand dollars per annum, payable quarterly, and no more. The 


judges of the supreme and circuit courts shall not be eligible to any other office or public 
trust, of profit, in this State or the United States, during the term for which they are elected, 
nor for one year thereafter. All votes for either of them for any elective office (except that 
of judge of the supreme or circuit court), given by the general assembly, or the people, shall 
be void. 

SEC. 11. No person shall be eligible to the office of judge of any court of this State, who 
is not a citizen of the United States, and who shall not have resided in this State five years 
next preceding his election, and who shall not, for two years next preceding his election, 
have resided in the division, circuit, or county, in which he shall be elected; nor shall any 
person be elected judge of the supreme court, who shall be, at the time of his election, under 
the age of thirty-five years; and no person shall be eligible to the office of judge of the circuit 
court until he shall have attained the age of thirty years. 

SEC. 12. For any reasonable cause, to be entered on the journals of each house, which 
shall not be sufficient ground for impeachment, both justices of the supreme court, and judges 
of the circuit court, shall be removed from office, on the vote of two-thirds of the members 
elected to each branch of the general assembly : Provided, always, that no member of either 
house of the general assembly shall be eligible to fill the vacancy occasioned by such removal: 
Provided, also, that no removal shall be made unless the justice or judge complained of shall 
have been served with a copy of the complaint against him, and shall have an opportunity of 
being heard in his defence. 

SEC. 13. The first election for justices of the supreme court, and judges of the circuit 
courts, shall be held on the first Monday of September, 1848. 

SEC. 14. The second election for one justice of the supreme court shall be held on the 
first Monday of June, 1852 ; and every three years thereafter an election shall be held for one 
justice of the supreme court. 

SEC. 15. On the first Monday of June, 1855, and every sixth year thereafter, an election 
shall be held for judges of the -circuit courts: Provided, whenever an additional circuit is 
created, such provision mav be made as to hold the second election of such additional judge 
at the regular elections herein provided. 

SEC. 16. There shall be, in each county, a court, to be called a county court. 

SEC. 17.' One county judge shall be elected by the qualified voters of each county, who 
shall hold his office for four years, and until his successor is elected and qualified. 

SKC. 18. The jurisdiction of said court shall extend to all probate and such other juris- 
diction as the general assembly may confer in civil cases, and such criminal cases as may be 
prescribed by law, where the punishment is by fine only, not exceeding one hundred dollars. 

SEC. 19 The county judge, with such justices of the peace in each county as may be 
designated by law, shall hold terms for the transaction ff county business, and shall perform 
such other duties as the general assembly shall prescribe: Provided, the general assembly 
may require that two justices, to be chosen by the qualified electors of each county, shall sit 
with the county judge in all cases; and there bhall be elected, quadrennially, in each county, 
a clerk of the county court, who shall be ex officio recorder, whose compensation shall be fees; 
Provided, the general assembly may, by law, make the clerk of the circuit court ex officio 
recorder, in lieu of the county clerk. 

SEC. 20. The general assembly shall provide for the compensation of the county judge. 

SEC. 21. The clerks of the supreme and circuit courts, and state's attorneys, shall be 
elected at the first special election for judges. The second election for clerks of the supreme 
court shall be held on the first Monday of June, 1855, and every >ixth year thereafter. The 
second election for clerks of the circuit courts, and state's attorneys, shall be held on the 
Tuesday next after the first Monday of November, 1852, and every fourth year thereafter. 

SEC. 22. All judges and state's attorneys shall be commissioned by the governor. 

SEC. 23. The election of all officers, and the filling of all vacancies that may happen by 
death, resignation, or removal, not otherwise directed or provided for by this constitution, 
shall be made in such manner as the general assembly shall direct: Provided, that no such 
officer shall be elected by the general assembly. 

SEC. 24. The general assembly may authorize the judgments, decrees, and decisions, of 
any local, inferior court of record, of original civil or criminal jurisdiction, established in a 
city, to be removed, for revision, directly into the supreme court. 

SEC. 25. County judges, clerks, she'riffs, and other county officers, for wilful neglect of 
duty, or misdemeanor in office, shall be liable to presentment or indictment by a grand jury, 
and trial by a petit jury; and, upon conviction, shall be removed from office. 

SEC. 26. All process, writs, and other proceedings, shall run in the name of " The people 
of the State of Illinois." All prosecutions shall be carried on " In the name and l>y the 
authority of the people of the State of Illinois," and conclude, " Against tlw peace and dignity of 
Vie same." 

SEC. 27. There shall be elected in each county in this State, in such districts as the 
general assembly may direct, by the qualified electors thereof, a competent number of justices 
of the peace, who shall hold their offices for the term of four years, and until their successors 
shall have been elected and qualified, and who shall perform such duties, receive such compen- 
sation, and exercise such jurisdiction, as may be prescribed by law. 


SEC. 28. There shall be elected, in each of the judicial circuits of this State, by the 
qualified electors thereof, one state's attorney, who shall hold his office for the term of four 
years, and until his successor shall be commissioned and qualified ; who shall perform such 
duties, and receive such compensation, as may be prescribed by law : Provided, that the 
general assembly may hereafter provide by law for the election, by the qualified voters of 
each county in this State, of one county attorney for each county, in lieu of the state's 
attorneys provided for in this section ; the term of office, duties, and compensation of which 
county attorneys, shall be regulated by law. 

SEC. 29. The qualified electors 'of each county in this State shall elect a c'erk of the 
circuit court, who shall hold his office for the term of four years, and until his successor shall 
have bfen elected and qualified, who shall perform such duties and receive such compensation 
as may be prescribed by law. The clerks of the supreme court shall be elected, in each 
division, by the qualified electors thereof, for the term of six years, and until their successors 
shall have been elected and qualified ; whose duties and compensation shall be provided 
by law. 

SKC. 30. The first grand division, for the election of judges of the supreme court, shall 
consist of the counties of Alexander, Pulaski, Massac, Pope, Hardin, Gallatin, Saline, William- 
son, Johnson, Union, Jackson, Randolph, Perry, Franklin, Hamilton, White, Wabash, 
Edwards, Wayne, Jefferson, Washington, Monroe, St. Glair, Clinton, Marion, Clay, Richland, 
Lawrence, Crawford, Jasper,, Fayette, Bond, Madison, Jersey, and Calhoun. 

The second grand divison shall consist of the counties of Edgar, Coles, MouHrie, Shelby, 
Montgomery, Macoupin, Greene, Pike, Adams, Highland, Hancock, McDonough, Sohuyler, 
Brown, Fulton, Mason, Gas?, Morgan, Scott, Sangamon, Christian, Macon, Piatt, Champaign, 
Vermilion, De Witt, Logan, Menard, Cumberland, and Clark 

The third grand division shall consist of the counties of Henderson, Warren, Knox, Peoria, 
Tazewell, Woodford, McLean, Livingston, Iroquois, Will, Grundy, Kendall, La Salle, Putnam, 
Marshall, Stark, Bureau, H^nry, Mercer, Rock Island, Whiteside, Lee, Carroll, Jo Daviess, 
Stephenson, Winnebago, Ogle, De Kalb, Boone, Kane, McHenry, Lake, Cook, and Du Page. 

SEC. 31. The terms of the supreme court for the first division, shall be held at Mount 
Vernon, in Jefferson county ; for the second division, at Springfield, in Sangamon county ; 
for the third division, at Ottawa, in La Salle county ; until some other place, in either division, 
is fixed by law. 

SEC. 32. Appeals and writs of error may be taken from the circuit court of any county to 
the supreme court held in the division which includes such county, or, with the consent of all 
the parties in the cause, to the supreme court in the next adjoining division. 

SEC. 33. Tie foregoing districts may, after the taking of each census by the State, be 
altered, if necessary, to equalize the^aid districts in population ; but such alteration shall be 
made by adding to such district sue* adjacent county or counties as will make said district 
nearest equal in population: Provided, no such alteration shall affect the office of any judge 
then in office. 


SEC. 1. In all elections, every white male citizen above the age of twenty-one years* 
having resided in the State one year next preceding any election, shall be entitled to vote at 
such election ; and every white male inhabitant of the a^e aforesaid, who may be a resident 
of the State at the time of the adoption of this constitution, shall have the right of voting as 
aforesaid ; but no such citizen or inhabitant shall be entitled to vote, except in the district or 
county in wh'ch he shall actually reside at the time of such election. 

SEC. 2. All votes shall be given bv ballot. 

SKC. 3. Electors shall in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be pri- 
vileged from arrest during their attendance at elections, and in going to and returning from 
the same. 

SEC. 4. No elector shall be obliged to do militia duty on the days of election except in 
tme of war or public danger. 

SEC. 5. No elector shall be deemed to have lost his residence in this Sate by reason of 
his absence on the business of the United States or of this State. 

SEC. 6. No soldier, seaman, or marine, in the army or navy of the United States, shall be 
deemed a resident of this State, in consequence of being stationed at any military or naval 
place within the same. 

SEB. 7. No person shall be elected or appointed to any office in this State, civil or military, 
who is not a citizen of the United States, and who shall not have resided in this State one 
year next before the* election or appointment. 

SEC. 8. The general assembly shall have full power to pass laws excluding from the right 
of suffrage persons convicied of irafamous crimes. 

SEC. 9. The general elections shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday of 
November, biennially, until otherwise provided by law. 


SECTION 1. No new county shall be formed or established by the general assembly, which 
will reduce the county or counties, or either of them, from which it shall be taken, to less 


contents than four hundred square miles ; nor shall any county be formed of less contents; nor 
shall any line thereof pass within less than ten miles of any county seat of the county or 
counties proposed to be divided. 

SKC. 2. No county shall be divided, or have any part stricken therefrom, without sub- 
mitting the question to a vote of the people of the county, nor unless a majority of all the legal 
voters of the county voting on the question shall vote for the same. 

SEC. 3. All territory which has been, or may be stricken off, by legislative enactment, 
from any organized county or counties, for the purpose of forming a new county, and which 
shall remain unorganized after the period provided for such organization, shall be and remain 
a part of the county or counties from which it was originally taken, for all purposes of county 
and State government, until otherwise t provided by law. 

SEC. 4. There shall be no territory stricken from any county unless a majority of the 
voters living in such territory shall petition for such division ; and no territory shall be added 
to any county without the consent of a majority of the voters of the county to which it is pro- 
posed to be ad;led. 

SKC. 5. No county seat shall be removed until the point to which it is proposed to be 
removed shall be fixed by law, and a majority of the voters of the county shall have voted in 
favor of its removal to such point. 

SEC. 6. The general assembly shall provide, by a general law, for a township organization, 
under which any county may organize whenever a majority of the voters of such county, at 
any general election, shall so determine ; and whenever, any county shall adopt a township 
organization, so much of this constitution as provides for the management of the fiscal con- 
cerns of the said county by the county court, may be dispensed with, and the affairs of said 
county may be transacted in such manner as the general assembly may provide. .' 

SEC. 7. There shall be elected in each county in this State, by the qualified electors 
thereof, a sheriff, who shall hold his office for the term of two years, and until his successor 
shall have been elected and qualified : Provided, no person shall be eligible to the said office 
more than once in four .years. 


SECTION 1. The militia of the State of Illinois shall consist of all free male able bodied 
persons (negroes, mullattoes, and Indians excepted), residents of the State, betwaen the ages 
of eighteen and forty-five years, except such person^ as now are or hereafter may be exempted 
by the laws of the United States or of this State, and shall be armed, equipped, and trained, 
as the general assembly may provide by law. \ ft . 

SEC. 2. No person or persons, conscientiously scrupulous of bearing arms, shall be com- 
pelled to do militia duty in time of peace, provided such person or persons shall pay an equi- 
valent for such exemption. 

SEC. 3. Company, battalion, and regimental officers, staff officers excepted, shall be 
elected by the persons composing their several companies, battallions and regiments. 

SEC. 4. Brigrdier and major-generals shall be elected by the officers of their brigades and 
divisions, respectively. 

SEC. 5. Ail militia officers shall be commissioned by the governor, and may hold their 
commissions for such time as the legislature may provide. 

SKC. 6. The militia shall, in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be 
privileged from arrest during their attendance at musters and election of officers, and in going 
to and returning from the same. 


SEC. 1 The general assembly may, whenever they shall deem it necessary, cause to be 
collected from all able-bodied, free white male inhabitants of this State, over the age of twenty- 
one years, and under the age ef sixty years, who are entitled to the right of suffrage, a capi- 
tation tax of not less than fifty cents, nor more than one dollar each. 

SEC. 2. The general assembly shall provide for levying a tax by valuation, so that every 
person and corporation shall pay a tax in proportion to the value of his or her property ; such 
value to be ascertained by some person or person to be elected or appointed in such manner 
as the general assembly shall direct, and not otherwise ; but the general assembly shall have 
power to tax pedlars, auctioneers, brokers, hawkers, merchants, commission merchants^ show- 
men, jugglers^ inn keepers, grocery-keepers, toll bridges and ferries, and persons using and 
exercising franchises and privilege's, in such manner as they shall from time to time direct. 

SEC. 3. The property of the State and counties, both real and personal, and such other 
property as the general assembly may deem necessary for school, religious, and charitable 
purp ses, may be exempted from taxation. 

SEC. 4. Hereafter, no purchaser of any land or town lot, at any sale of lands or town lota 

'for taxes due either to this State, or any county, or incorporated town or city within the same; 

or at any sale for taxes or levies authorized by the laws of this State, shall be entitled to a 

deed for the lands or town lot so purchased, until he or she shall have complied with the 

following conditions, to wit : Such purchaser shall serve, or cause to be served, a written 

notice of such purchese, on every perso-i in possession of such land or town lot, three months 

' before the expiration of the time of redemption on such sale ; in which notice he shall state 


when he purchased the land or town lot, the description of the land or lot he has purchased, 
and when the time of redemption will expire. In like manner he shall serve on the persons 
in whose name or names such land or lot is taxed, a similar written notice, if such person or 
persons shall reside in the county where such land or lot shall be situated ; and in the event 
that the person or persons in whose name or names the land or lot is taxed, do not reside in 
the county, such purchaser shall publish such notice in some newspaper printed in such county, 
and if no newspaper is printed in the county, then in the nearest newspaper that is published 
in this State to the county in which such lot or land is situated; which notice shall be inserted 
three times, the last time not less than three months before the time of redemption shall 
expire. Every such purchaser, by himself or agent, shall, before he shall bo entitled to a deed 
make an affidavit of his having complied with the conditions of this section, stating particu- 
larly the facts relied on as such compliance ; which affidavit shall be delivered to the person 
authorized by law to execute such tax deed, and which shall by him be filed with the officer 
having custody of the records of lands and lots sold for taxes and entries of redemption, in 
the county where such land or lot shall lie, to be by such officer entered on the records of his 
office ; and carefully preserved among the files of his office ; and which record or affidavit shall 
be prima facie evidence that such notice has been given. Any person swearing falsely in such 
affidsvit shall be deemed guilty of perjury, and punished accordingly. In case any person 
shall be compelled, under this section, to publish a notice in a newspaper, then, before any 
person, who may have a right to redeem such land or lot from tax sale, shall be permitted to 
redeem, he or she shall pay the officer or person who by law is authorized to receive such 
redemption-money, the printer's fee for publishing such notice, and the expenses of sweating 
or affirming to the affidavit, and filing the same. 

SEC. 5. The corporate authorities of counties, townships, school district, cities, towns, 
and villages, may be vested with power to assess and collect taxes for corporate purposes ; such 
taxes to be uniform in respect to persons and property within the jurisdiction of the body 
imposing the same. And the general assembly shall require that all the property within the 
limits of municipal corporations, belonging to individuals, shall be taxed for the payment of 
debts contracted under authority of law. 

SEC. 6. The specification of the objects and subjects of taxation shall not deprive the 
general assembly of the power to require other objects or subjects to be taxed in such manner 
as may be consistent with the principle of taxation fixed in this constitution. 


SECTION 1. Corporations, not possessing banking powers or privileges, maybe formed under 
general laws, but shall not be created by special acts, except for municipal purposes, arid in 
cases where, in the judgment of the general assembly, the objects of the corporation cannot 
be attained under general laws. 

SEC. 2. Dues from corporations, not possessing banking powers or privileges, shall be 
secured by such individual liabilities of the corporators, or other means, as may be prescribed 
by law. 

SEC. 3. No state bank shall hereafter be created, nor shall the State own or be liable for 
any stock in any corporation or joint stock association for banking purposes, to be hereafter 

SEC. 4. The stockholders in every corporation or joint stock association, for banking 
purposes, issuing bank notes, or any kind of paper credits to circulate as money, shall be 
individually responsible, to the amount of their respective share or shares of stock in any 
such corporation or association, for all its debts and liabilities of every kind. 

SEC. 5. No act of the general assembly, authorizing corporations or associations with 
banking powers, shall go into effect, or in any manner be in force, unless the same shall be 
submitted to the people at the general election next succeeding the passage of the same, and 
be approved by a majority of all the votes cast at such election for and against such law. 

SEC. 6. The general assembly shall encourage internal improvements, by passing liberal 
general laws of incorporation for that purpose. 


All lands which have been granted, as a "common," to the inhabitants of any town, 
hamlet, village, or corporation, by any person, body politic or corporate, or by any government 
having power to make such grant, shall forever remain common to the inhabitants of such town, 
hamlet, village or corporation ; but the said commons, or any of them, or any part thereof, 
may be divided, leased or granted, in such manner as may hereafter be provided by law, on 
petition of a majority of the qualified voters interested in such commons, or any of them. 


SECTION 1. ' Whenever two-thirds of all the members elected to each branch of the 
general assembly shall think it necessary to alter or amend this constitution, they shall 
recommend to the electors at the next election of members of the general assembly, to vote 
for or against a conveniion ; and if it shall appear that a majority of all the electors of the 


State voting for representatives have voted for a convention, the general assembly shall, at 
their next session, call a convention, to consist of as many members as the house of represen- 
tatives at the time of making said call, to be chosen in the same manner, at the same place, 
and by the same electors, in the same districts that chose the members of the house of 
representatives ; and which convention shall meet within three months after the said election, 
for the purpose of revising, altering, or amending this constitution. 

SEC. 2. Any amendment or amendments to this constitution may be proposed in either 
branch of the general assembly; and if the same shall be agreed to by two-thirds of all the 
members elect in each of the two houses, such proposed amendment or amendments shall be 
referred to the next regular session of the general assembly, and shall be published at least 
three months previous to the time of holding the next election for members of the house of 
representatives; and if, at the next regular session of the generel assembly after said election. 
a majority of all the members elect, in each branch of the general assembly, shall agree to 
said amendment or amendments, then it shall be their duty to submit the same to the people 
at the next general eleqtion, for their adoption or rejection, in such manner as may be 
prescribed bylaw ; and if a majority of all the electors voting at such election for members of 
the house of representatives, shall vote for such amendment or amendments, the same shall 
become a part of the constitution. But the general assembly shall not have power to propose 
an amendment or amendments to more than one article of the constitution at the same session. 


That the general, great, and essential principles of liberty and free government may be 
recognized and unalterably established, WE DECLARE : 

SECTION 1. That all men are born equally free and independent, and have certain inherent 
and indefeasible rights ; among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, 
and of acquiring, possessing, and protecting property and reputation, and of pursuing their own 

SEC. 2. That all power is inherent in the people, and all free governments are founded on 
their authority, and instituted for their peace, safety, and happiness. 

SEC. 3. That all men have a natural and indefeasible right to worship Almighty God 
according to the dictates of their own consciences ; that no man can of right be compelled to 
attend, erect, or support any place of worship, or to maintain any ministry, against his consent ; 
that no human authority can, in any case whatever, control or interfere with the rights of 
conscience ; and that no preference shall ever be given by law to any religious establishments 
or modes of worship. 

SEC. 4. That no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office of 
public trust under this State. 

SEC. 5. That all elections shall be free and equal. 

SEC. 6. That the right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate ; and shall extend to all 
cases at law, without regard to the amount in controversy. 

SEC. 7. That the people shall be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and possessions, 
from unreasonable searches and seizures : and that general warrants, whereby an officer may 
be commanded to search suspected places without evidence of the fact committed, or to seize 
any peison or persons not named, whose offences are not particularly described and supported 
by evidence, are dangerous to liberty, and ought not to be granted. 

SEC. 8. That no freeman shall be imprisoned, or disseized of his freehold, liberties, or 
privileges, or outlawed or exiled, or in any manner deprived of his life, liberty or property, but 
by the judgment of his peers, or the law of the land. 

SEC. 9. That in all criminal prosecutions, the accused hath a right to be heard by himself 
and counsel ; to demand the nature and cause of the accusation against him ; to meet 
the witnesses face to face ; to have compulsory process to compel the attendance of witnesses 
in his favor; and in prosecutions by indictment or information, a speedy public trial by an 
impartial jury of the county or district wherein the offence shall have been committed, which 
county or district shall have been previously ascertained by law ; and that he shall not be 
compelled to give evidence against himself. 

SKC. 10. No person shall be held to answer for a criminal offence unless on the presentment 
or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases of impeachment, or in cases cognizable by 
justices of the peace, or arising in the army or navy, or in the militia when in actual service in 
time of war or public danger :. Provided, that justices of the peace shall try no person, except 
as a court of inquiry, for any offence punishable with imprisonment or death, or fine above one 
hundred dollars. 

SEC. 11. No person shall, for the same offence, be twice put in jeopardy of his life or 
limb ; nor shall nny man's property be taken or applied to public use without the consent of 
his representatives in the general assembly, nor without just compensation being made to him. 

SEC. 12. Every, person within this State ought to find a certain remedy in the laws for all 
injuries or wrongs which he may receive in his person, property, or character; he ought to 
obtain right and justice freely, and without being obliged to purchase it, completely and without 
denial, promptly and without delay, conformably to the laws. 


SEC. 14. That all person* shall be bailable bv sufficient surities, unless for capital offences 
where the proof is evident or the presumption great ; and the privilege of the writ of habeas 
corpus shall not be suspended, unless, when in cases of rebellion or invasion, the public safety 
may rcqu re it. 

SKC. 14, All penalties shall be proportioned to the nature of the offence ; the true design 
of all punishment being to reform, not to exterminate mankind. 

SKC. 15. No person shall be imprisoned for debt, unless upon refus-il to deliver up his 
estate for the benefit of his creditors, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law, or in cases 
where there is strong presumption of fraud. 

SEC. 16. There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in this State, except as 
a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted. 

SKC. 17. -No ecpost facto law, nor any law impairing t ic obligation of contracts, shall ever 
be made: and no conviction shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture of estate. 

SEC. 18. That no person shall be liable to be transported ou* of this State for any offence 
committed within the same. 

SKC. 19. That a frequent recurrence to the fundamental principles of civil government is 
absolutely necessary to preserve the blessings of liberty. 

SKC. 20. The military shall be in strict subordination to the civil power. 
SKC. 21. That the people have a right to assemble together in a peaceable manner to 
consult for their common good, to instruct their representatives, aud to apply to the general 
assembly for redress of grievances. 

SKC. 22. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent 
of the owner; nor in time of war, except in manner prescribed by law. 

SEC. 23. The printing-presses shall be free to every person who undertakes to examine 
the proceedings of the general assembly, or any branch of government ; and no law shall ever 
be made to restrain the right thereof. The free communication of thoughts and opinions is 
one of the inva'uable rights of man; and every citizen may freely speak, write, and print, on 
any subject, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty. 

SKC. 24. In prosecutions for the publication of papers investigating the official conduct of 
officers, or of men acting in a public capacity, or when the matter published is proper for 
public information, the truth thereof may be given in evidence ; and all indictments for libels, 
the jury shall have the right of determining both the law and the fact, under direction of the 
court, as in other cases. 

SEC 25. Any person who shall, after the adoption of this constitution, fight a duel, or bend or 
accept a challenge for that purpose, or be aider or abettor in fighting a duel, shull be deprived 
of the right of holding any office of honor or profit in this State, and shall be punished 
otherwise, in such manner as is or may be prescribed by law. 

SEC. 26. That from and after the adoption of this constitution, evpry person who shall 
be elected or appointed to any office of profit, trust, or emolument, civil or military, legislative, 
executive, or judicial, under the government of this State, shall, before he enters upon the 
duties of his office, in addition to the oath prescribed in this constitution, take the following 
oath : " I do solemnly swear [or amvm. as the case may be] that I have not fought a duel, 
nor sent or accepted a challenge to fight a duel, the probable issue of which might have been 
the de itn of either* party, nor been a second to either party, nor in any mmner aided or 
assisted in such duel, nor been knowingly the bearer of such challenge or acceptance, since 
the adoption of the constitution; and that I will not be so engaged or concerned, directly or 
indirectly, in or about any such duel, during my continnance in office. So help me, God." 


The general assembly shall, nt its first session under the amended constitution, pass such 
laws as will effectually prohibit free persons of color from immigrating to and seitling in this 
State ; and to effectually prevent the owners of slaves from bringing them into this State, for 
the purpose of setting them free. 


There shall be annually assessed and collected, in the same manner as other State revenue 
may be assessed and collected, a tax of two mills upon each dollar's worth of taxable property, 
in addition to all other taxes, to be applied as follows, to wit: The fund so created shall be 
kept .-eparate, and shall annually, on the first day of Janurry, be apportioned and paid over 
pro raia upon all such State indebtedness, other than the canal and school indebtedness, as 
may for that purpose be presented by the holders of the same, to be entered as credits upon, 
and to that intent, in extinguishment of the principal of said indebtedness. 


That no inconvenience may arise from the alterations and amendments made in the consti- 
tution of this State, and to carry the same into complete effect, it is hereby ordained and 
declared : 
SKCTION 1. That all laws in force at the adoption of this constitution, not inconsistent 

therewith, and all rights, actions, prosecutions, claims and contracts of this State, individuals 



or bodies corporate, shall continue and be as valid as if this constitution had not been 

SDC. 2. That all fines, penalties and forfeitures due and owing to the State of Illinois 
under the present constitution and laws, shall enure to the use of the people of the State of 
Illinois under this constitution. 

SEC. 3. Recognizances, bonds, obligations, and all other instruments entered into or 
executed before the adoption of this constitution, to the people of the State of Illinois, to any 
State or county officer or public body, shall remain binding and valid, and rights and liabilities 
upon the same shall continue, and all crimes am) misdemeanors shall be tried and p.unished as 
though no change had been made in the constitution of the State. 

SEC. 4. That "Article XI," entitled " commons," is hereby adopted as part of the consti- 
tution of this State, \\ithout being submitted to be voted upon by the people. 

SEC. 5. That at the first election fixed by this constitution for the election of judges, 
there shall be elected one circuit judge in each of the nine judicial circuits now established 
in this State. 

SEC. 6. The county commissioners' courts and the probate justices of the several counties 
shall continue in existence and exercise their present jurisdiction until the county court, pro- 
vided in this constitution, is organized in pursuance of an act of the general assembly to be 
passed at itn first session. 

SEC. 7. Shat the clerk of the circuit court, in each county fixed by this constitution as the 
place for holding the supreme court, except in the county of S.tngamon, shall be ex, officio clerk 
of the supreme court, until the clerks of said court shall be elected and qualified, as provided 
in this constitution, and all laws now in force, in relation to the clerk of the supreme court, 
shall be applicable to said clerks and their duties. 

SEC. 8. That the sheriffs, state -attorneys, and all other officers elected under this consti- 
tution, shall perform such duties as shall be prescribed by law. 

SEC. 9. That the oaths of office herein required to be taken may be administered by a 
justice of the peace until otherwise provided by law. i 

SEC. 10. That this constitution shall be submitted to the people for the r adoption or 
rejection, at an election to be held on the first Monday in March, A. D. 1848, and there shall 
also be submitted for adoption or rejection, at the same time, the separate articles in relation 
to the emigration of colored persons and the public debt. 

SEC. 11. That every person entitled to vote for members of the general assembly, by the 
constitution and laws now in force, shall, on the first Monday in March, A. D. 1848, be entitled 
to vote for the adoption or rejection of this constitution, and for and against the aforesaid 
articles separately submitted, and the said qualified electors shall vote in the counties in 
which they respectively reside, at the usual places of voting, and not elsewhere ; and the said 
election shall be conducted according to the laws now in force in relation ta the election of 
governor, so far as applicable, except as herein otherwise provided. 

SEC. 12. That the poll book to be used at said election shall, as nearly as practicable, be 
in the following foim, to wit: 

POLL BOOK of an election held at r precinct, in the county of , on the first 

Mondaj of March, A. D. 1848, for the adoption or rejection of the Constitution and the 
several articles submitted. 

- T3 






"" fcl 

* ? 

2 ,: 


- a 52 

M-, ' 

*" . 


03 O g 

"3 ** 


Names" of the Voters. 

Adoption c 

Rejection o 

O ^T Qp 

P* - a 

l.= 1 
s o 
bl> "3 
-<j "3 o 



-fl > 


j a> 


A B 




C. D 




E F 




G. H 



SEC. 13. That the returns of the votes for the adoption or rejection of this constitution, 
and for and against the separate articles submitted, shall be made to the secretary of state, 
within fifty days after the election, and the returns of the votes shall, within five days tht re- 
after, be examined and canvassed by the auditor, treasurer and secretary of state, or any two 
of them, in the presence of the governor, and proclam ition shall be made by the governor 
forthwith of the result of the polls. If it shall appear that a majority of all the votes polled 
are for the adoption of this constitution, it shall be the supreme law of the land, from and 
after the first day of April, A. D. 1S48, but if it shall appear that a majority of the votes 
polled were given against the constitution, the same shall be null and void. If it shall 
further appear that a majority of the votes polled shall have been given for the separate article 


in relation to colored person?, or the article for the two mill tax, then said article or articles 
shall be and form a part of this constitution ; otherwise said article or articles shall be null 
and void. 

SEC. 14. That if this constitution shall be ratified by the people, the governor shall forth- 
with, after having ascertained the fact, issue writs of election to the sheriffs of the several 
counties in this state, or in case of vacancy, to the coroners, far the election of all the officers, 
the time of whose election is fixed by this constitution or schedule ; and it shall be the duty 
of said sheriffs or coroners *o give at least twenty days' notice of the time and place of said 
election, in the manner now provided by law. 

SEC. 15. The general assembly shall, at its first session after the adoption of this consti- 
tution, provide by law for the mode of voting by ballot, and also for the manner of returning, 
canvassing and certifying the number of votes cast at any election; and until said law shall 
be passed, all elections shall be viva voce, and the laws now in force regulating elections shall 
continue in force until the general assembly shall provide otherwise, as herein directed. 

SEC. 16. That the first general election of governor, secretary of state, auditor, treasurer 
and members of the general assembly, and of such other officers as are to be elected at the 
same time, shall be held on the first Monday of August, eighteen hundred and forty-eight, 
anything in this constitution to the contrary notwithstanding. County officers then elected 
shall hold their respective offices until their successors are elected or appointed, in conformity 
with laws hereinafter enacted. 

SEC. 17. The returns of the election of justices of the supreme and judges of the circuit 
courts, secretary of state, auditor and treasurer, shall be made and canvassed as is now pro- 
vided by law for representatives in Congress ; and returns for members of the general 
assembly and county officers shall be made and canvassed as is now provided by law. 

SEC. 18. That all laws of the State of Illinois, and all official writings, and the executive, 
legislative, and judicial proceedings, shall be conducted, preserved, and published in no other 
than the English language. 

SEC. 19. On the first Monday in December, one thousand eight hundred and forty-eight, 
the term of office of judges of the supreme court, state's attorneys, and of the clerks of the 
supreme and circuit courts, shall expire ; and on said day, the term of office of the judges, 
state's attorneys, and clerks elected under the provisions of this constitution, shall commence. 
The judges of the supreme court elected as aforesaid, shall have and exercise the powers and 
jurisdiction conferred upon the present judges of that court ; and the said judges of the circuit 
courts shall have and exercise the powers and jurisdiction conferred upon the judges of those 
courts, subject to the provisions of this constitution. 

SEC. 20. On the first Monday in December, one thousand eight hundred and forty-eight, 
jurisdiction of all suits and proceedings then pending in the present supreme court shall 
become vested in the supreme court established by this constitution, and shall be finally 
adjudicated by the court where the same may be pending. The jurisdiction of all suits and 
proceedings then pending in the circuit courts of the several counties shall be vested in the 
circuit courts of said counties. 

SEC. 21. The Cook and Jo Daviess county courts shall continue to exist, and the judge 
and other officers of the same remain in office fttil otherwise provided by law. 

SKC. 22. Until otherwise provided by law, the terms of the supreme court shall be held 
as follows: In the first division, on the first Monday of December, A. D. 1848, and annually 
thereafter. In the second division, on the third Monday of December, A. D. 1848, and annually 
thereafter. In the third division, on the first Monday of February, A. D. 1849, and annually 
thereafter. The sheriffs of Jefferson and LaSalle counties shall perform the same duties and 
receive the same compensation as is required and provided for the sheriff of Sangamon 
county, until otherwise provided by law. 

SEC. 23. Nothing of this constitution shall prevent the general assembly from passing 
such laws in relation to the apprenticeship of minors, during their minority, as may be nece's- 
sary and proper. 

SEC. 24. That the general assembly shall pass all laws necessary to carry into effect the 
provisions of this constitution. 

SEC. 25. Elections of judges of the supreme and circuit courts shall be subject to be 

SEC. 26. Contested elections of judges of the supreme court shall be tried by the senate, 
and of judges of ihe circuit court by the supreme court, and the general assembly shall pre- 
scribe the manner of proceeding therein. 

Done in convention at the capital, in the city of Springfield, on the thirty-first day of August, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-seven, and of the Inde- 
pendence of the United States of America, the seventy-second. 







Together with the Rates of Postage. 

The Postage on Letters, to be forwarded in the Mails to any part of the United States, is 
Three Cents per half ounce, PRE-PAID by Stamps. 

The Postage on dropped Letters is Two Cents per half ounce, PRE-PAID by Stamps. 

Transient Newspapers, Pamphlets, Proof-Sheets, Book-Manuscripts, Samples, Sample- 
Cards, Photograph Cards, Maps, Blanks, Blank Paper, Engravings, Envelopes, Seeds, Roots, 
Scions, and printed matter, (except circulars and hooks), will be rated at Two Cents for every 
four Dunces, or fraction thereof, PRE-PAID by Stamps. 

Double the above rates will be charged for Books. 

Unsealed Circulars, not exceeding three in number, shall pass at the single rate of Two 
Cents, and in that proportion for a greater number, adding one rate for tbree Circulars, or 
less number thereof, directed to one address. 

Letters to Canada and the British Provinces, Ten Cents per half ounce, pre-payment 
optional. Newfoundland, Ten Cents per half ounce, must, be pre-paid by Stamps. 

Letters to the President of the United States, to any Cabinet Officer, or head of Bureau 
Civil, Military or Naval, (except official communications, written and franked by an officer 
responsible thereto,) must be pie-paid. 

Suggestions to the Public. 

Post all letters and other mail matter as early as practicable before the advertised closing 
hours of the Mails. This is necessary to give time to face, assort and stamp the letters, and 
also to avoid the risk of mistakes likely to occur in a hurried distribution. 

Direct letters in a clear, legible hand, giving the name of the Post Office, County and 
State, in full. There are hundreds of instances in which the names of offices, when written 
carelessly, closely resemble each other. For example : in Illinois we h*ve PERU, PKRA, PANA 
and PEORIA. If the county were always given, the risk of mistaking one of these for the other 
would be avoided. The frequent miscarriage of letters is also largely attributable to writing 
the wrong State, and to abbreviating the name of the State. Be sure to give the State 
correctly, and write it in full. Give the full name of the person addressed, with residence, 
street and number, when known. 

See that your letters are securely sealed before depositing in the Post Office. Attach the 
postage stamp on the upper right hand corner in all cases, pressing the envelope and stamp 
between thj3 thumb and finger until they firmly adhere. Avoid wetting the stamp too much ; 
the gummed side need be merely moistened. 

Valuable letters should ALWAYS BE REGISTERED. If this does not add security while in transit, 
it effectually prevents letters from falling into the hands of wrong parties after reaching their 


[NOTE. County Seats are denoted by Capital Letters.] 

Adams County. 


Keokuk Junction, 

Pev ton's 


Elm Grove, 

La Prairie, 



Fair Weather, 



Big Neck, 

Falls Creek, 


Stone's Prairie, 


Fowler's Station, 



Camp Point, 











York Neck. 




Alexander County. 

Calhoun County. 







Clear Creek Land'g, 

Cape Ann's Rock, 


New Cremer, 

Goose Island, 

Deer Plain, 



Santa Fe, 


Oak Point, 

Niles Centre, 












Bond County. 



Baden Baden, 


(slow C/Cftf/yitij* 


Beaver Creek, 


Bible Grove, 


Cottonwood Grove, 

Carroll County. 

Clay City, 


Elm Point, 



South Northfield. 





Mulberry Grove, 
Old Ripley, 
Pleasant Mound, 

Elk Horn Grove, 
Fair Haven, 

Sutton's Point 

The Grove, 

Pleasant Prairie, 



Thornton Station, 







Clinton County. 

Willow Spring, 

Boone County. 
Caledonia Station, 
Garden Prairie, 

Rock Creek, 

Cass County. 

Collins' Station, 

Crawford County. 
Belle Air, 
Flat Rock, 

Park's Corners, 


Looking Glass, 
Shoal Creek Station, 


Poplar Grove. 

Bluff Spring, 


New Hebron, 

Brown County. 
Buck Horn, 
Mound Station, 
Walker's Neck, 
White Oak Springs. 


Champaign County. 
Pera Station, 

Coles County. 
Fuller's Point, 
Milton Station, 

Port Jackson, 

Cumberland County. 
Hazle Dell, 
Majority Point, 

Bureau County. 



Mule Creek, 









Bureau Junction, 

Saint Joseph's, 



Cook County. 

DeKaJb County. 



Ainsworth Station, 

Blood's Point, 



Barrington Station, 





Courtland Station, 



Deerfield Prairie, 


Christi&n County. 

Blue Island. 

De Kalb Centre, 

Lone Tree, 







East Paw Paw, 



East Northfield, 



Mount Auburn, 

Elk Grove, 





Hick's Mills, 

Sew Bedford, 







Le Clair, 







Hyde Park, 

New Lebanon, 




Shelby Station, 

Clark County. 

Junction Grove, 

North Kingston, 




Ohio Grove, 


Clutk Centre, 





Loyden Centre, 

Prairie Fond, 




Ross Grove, 







Shabbonas' Grove, 


Troy Mills, 





Hickory Ridge, 

South Grove, 




Squaw Grove, 

Salt Creek, 




GaUatin County. 

Middle Creek, 

Van Buren. 




Cotton wood, 

Pilot Grove, 

De Witt County. 

Fayette County. 




Bowling Green, 



De Witt, 




Santa Anna, 


New Haven, 

Rough and Ready, 



New Market, 

St. Albans, 


Hickory Creek, 

Saline Mills, 

St. Mary's, 

Howard's Point, 



Douglas County. 

La Clede, 

South Hampton. 

Sylvan Dale, 


London City, 



Prairie Mound, 

Greene County. 

West Point, 

Brushy Fork, 


Apple Creek, 







Bluff Dale, 

Ear din County. 





Rural Retreat, 

Ford County. 





Spark's Hill. 

J)u Page County. 



Franklin County. 


Henderson County. 

Babcock's Grove, 



Bedford ville, 

Big Woods, 


Negro Lick, 



Big Muddy, 

New Providence, 

Hopper's Mills, 





Cottage Hill, 






Schutz Mills, 


Downer's Grove, 

Fitts' Hill, 





Sage town, 



Grundy County. 



Little Muddy, 


South Prairie, 




Terre Haute. 




Warren ville, 



Henry County. 


Pleasant Shade, 




Town Mount, 

Sandy Ridge. 



Webb's Prairie. 


York Centre, 

Hamilton County. 

Bishop Hill, 

Fulton County. 

Bell Prairie, 


Edgar County. 










Lane's Cross Roads, 

Colona Station, 




East Cambridge, 

Cherry Point City, 





Copperas Creek, 






Green River, 


Duncan's Mills, 

Night's Prairie, 


Grand View, 


Palo Alto, 














Fulton Centre, 

Hancock County. 

Oxford, ion. 



Pink Prairie, 




Edwards County. 





Maple's Mill, 

Bentley Station, 


Maple Grove, 




Mills Prairie, 

Middle Fork, 



West Salem. 

Middle Grove, 

Chili Centre, 


Dallas City, 

Iroquoix County. 

Effingham County. 



Ash Grove, 


Saint Augustine, 




Table Grove, 

Fountain Green, 






Union Hill, 




Yellowhead Grove, 


Courtwright's Mills. 



Crescent City, 


Kendall County. 


Del Key, 

Mt. Sumner, 





Bristol Station, 


Pleasant Corners, 


'jdScdle County. 


Pleasant Valley, 


Alum Rock, 


Plum River, 





Little Rock, 



Scales Mound, 



Oakalla, , 





Thompson's Mills, 


Deer Park, 






Yankee Hollow. 


^ o > 

Farm Ridge, 


Four Mile Grove, 

Jackson County. ** 

Johnson County. 




Cedar Bluff, 

Specie Grove, 




White Willow, 

High Prairie, 


Cypress Creek, 



Gray's Mills, 

Knox County. 


Grand Tower, 






Centre Point, 









Kane County. 



Jasper County. 




Island Creek, 

Big Rock, 




Blackberry Station, 



New Rutland, 
North ville 

Rose Hill, 


Milroy r 


Sainte Marie, 


North Prairie, 






Willow Hill, 





East Campton, 






Jefferson County. 
Blue Ridge, 
Fair Play, 



Walnut Grove, 

Troy Grove, 



Yates City. 


Moore's Prairie, 

King's Mills, 

Lake County. 


Lodi Station, 

Angola Lake, 

Lawrence County. 





Spring Garden, 

New Virgil, 
North Plato, 

Dean's Corners, 

Hadlev's Station, 

Jersey County. 

Pingree Grove, 

Diamond Lake, 

Old Farm, 






St. Charles, 




Sugar Grove, 

Fort Hill, 
Fox Lake, 

Russell ville, 
Saint Francisville, 

Graf ton, 


Fremont Centre, 



Gage's Lakes, 


KankaTcee County. 


Lee County. 

Otter Creek. 







Jo Daviess County. 

Bourbonnais Grove, 


Franklin Grove, 

Apple River, 

East Sumner, 

Highland Park, 

Gap Grove, 


Grand Prairie, 


Lee Centre, 

Big Bush Creek, 


Lake Forest, 

Malugin Grove, 



Lake Zurich, 


Council Hill Station 







Ogle Station, 



Long Grove, 

Paw Paw Grove, 


Saint Anne, 


South Willow Creek 

Excelsior Mills, 





Summer Centre, 

Oak Hill, 

Willow Creek. 



Livingston County. 

Huntley Grove, 






Mason City, 



Stirrup Grove, 

San Jose, 







Vencils Point, 





Walker's Grove. 






Massac County. 

Forest Station, 


Madison County. 

Ash Ridge, 

Glenwood Mills, 

Solon Mills, 


Hickorv Grove, 

Long Point, 




New Michigan, 



New Columbia, 





McLean County. 


Rooks' "Creek, 

Cheney's Grove, 


Menard County. 




Oak Ridge, 


Lamb's Point, 


Logan County. 



Robinson's Mills, 




Sweet Water, 

Big Prairie, 







Elkhart City, 


New Douglas, 
Omph Ghent, 

Mercer County. 



Paddock's Grove, 

Centre Bridge, 



Saint Jacob, 




Saint Morgan, 


Mount Pulaski, 
Prairie Creek. 



High Point, 

McDonough County. 


Upper Alton, 

New Boston, 




North Henderson, 
Pope Creek, 

Good Hope, 
Hill's Grove, 

Macon County. 
Blue Mound, 

Marion County. 
Central City, 
Green Dale, 
Hickory Hill, 
New Middleton, 

Richland Grove, 

Monroe County. 

ti onnson, 

South Macon, 


Eagle Cliffs, 

New Philadelphia, 
Prairie City, 


Macoupin County. 
Barr's Store 


Merrimack Point, 

McHenry County. 


Walnut Hill. 

Monroe City, 


Bunker Hill, 

Marshall County. 




Bell Plain, 

Bigfoot Prairie, 
Bliveus Mills, 
Carey Station, 


Crow Meadows, 
La Prairie Centre, 
Lawn Ridge, 

Montgomery County. 
Donelson, , 

Crystal Lake, 
Dearborn, , 

Honey Point, 



Deep Cut, 

Miles Station, 



English Prairie, 


Wenona Station, 










Plain View, 

Mason County. 

Shop Creek, 


Rising Sun, 





Forest Citv, 

White Oak, 


Shaw's Point, 





Morgan County. 

Mount Hawley, 

New Liberty, 







Orange Prairie, 









Zion Hill. 

Pleasant Ridge, 


Robins' Nest, 

Port Byron, 


Rome Farms, 

Pulaski County. 


Evans'. Mills, 



Rapids Citv, 







Grand Chain, 




. Mound City 








Saline County. 



Villa Ridge, 




Wai bridge, 






Perry County. 



Garment Prairie, 

Putnam County. 










Grande Cote Prairie 



Jfoultrie County. 

Holt's Prairie, 


Red Bank, 


St. John. 



Marrow Bone, 


Mount Palatine, 

South America, 




Stone Fort. 

.Whitley Point. 

Piatt Connty. 

Randolph County. 

Sangamon County. 

Ogle County. 





Cerro Gordo, 















Pike County. 





Jones Creek, 

Illiopolis Station, 

Dement Station, 


Jordon's Grove, 


Eagle Point, 




Fitz Henry, 


Prairie Du Rocher, 






Grand Detour, 

El Dara, 

Red Bud, 

New Berlin, 



Shiloh Hill, 





Pleasant Plains, 



Steel's Mills. 


Kyte River, 



Lane Depot, 


Richland County. 




Bon Pas, 






Monroe Centre 




Mount Morris, 







Paine's Point, 



Schuyler County. 


New Hartford, 



. Tanner, 

New Salem, 




New Marysville, 







White Rock, 







Pleasant Hill, 

Rock Island County. 


Peoria County. 

Pleasant Vale, 





Buffalo Prairie, 




Camden Mills, 

Pleasant View, 



Carbon Cliff, 




Coal Vallev, 

Sheldon's Grove, 


Copper Creek, 

Steam Mill. 


Pope County. 




Allen Springs, 






Kingston Mines, 



Scott County. 




Exeter, * 



Illinois City, 






New Hope, 




Rochester Mills. 



McConnelPs Grove, 



Varren County. 

Garden Plain, 

Shelby County. 
Beck's Creek, 
Big Spring, 
Cold Spring, 

TT 11 A 

Rock Grove, 
Rock Run, 
Silver Creek, 

Duck Creek, 

Genesee Grove, 
Jefferson Corners, 



Waterman's Mills, 


Liberty Hall, 

Oconee Station, 
Prairie Home, 
Hill Town, 

Yellow Creek. 

Tazewell County. 

Lirtle York, 
New Lancaster, 
Spring Grove, 
Swan's Creek, 
Town Line, 
West Hall, 

New Clyde, 
New Genesee, 
New Jordan, 
Round Grove, 

St. Clair County. 


Young America. 





Spring Hill, 

Carr Mills, 

Deer Creek, 
Gr ro VG 1 Jincl 

Washington County. 

Uiiioii Grove. 


Little Detroit 


Will County. 

French Village, 


Livelv Grove, 



.M.or toiij 


Du Page, 

Knight's Grove, 


JL 1\. L ll 

Spring Lake, 
Wesley City. 

Plum Hill, 

East Wbeatland, 
Gooding's Grove, 
Green Garden, 




r lnwn County. 

Wayne County. 


Mud Creek, 


Blue Point, 


O'Fallon Depot, 


Brush Crush, 


Ridge Prairie, 





Mount Pleasant, 




South Pass, 




Union Point. 

Jeffersonville, . 





Stark County. 
Camp Grove, 

Vermilion County. 
Blue Grass, 
Conkey's Store, 

Long Prairie, 
Morlan's Grove, 
Mount Erie, 
New Baltimore, 
New Franklin, 
New Massilon, 
Pin Ortk 

Washington Centre, 

Pleasant Green, 


JL 1 11 \J a K , 

Pleasant Green, 


Williamson County. 



VV dljaMl, 

White Cloud, 







West Jersey, 

Myers Mills, 

White County. 
Burnt Prairie 

Crab Orchard, 


PAT? \f T 

Lake Creek, 

Stephenson County. 
Buena Vista, 

Point Pleasant, 
Ridge Farm, 

\J .HLlX lYlX, 


Locust Grove, 
Prairie Hill, 


Wabash County. 

Mill Shoals, 

Sulphur Springs, 





Friend Grove, 




Winnebago County. 

Florence Station, 

Gard's Point, 

Whitcside County. 





Cherry Valley, 




Durand Station, 









Woodford County. 






Kin tyre, 









South Bend, 



New Milford, 



Spring Bay. 


Winnebago Depot. 

Low Point, 


3TOHKT O- '\7S7' m 


P. O. Box 


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Will find it their interest to insert their Cards in this Paper, the Proprietor refusing to insert 

any but the 

Best and Largest Houses of every Branch of Business. 


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A Reduction of 20 per cent, will be allowed to those who contract to 
advertise for 6 or 12 months. 

Insertion of cuts, and extra space, according to time. 



Names of Persons Engaged in Business in each Place, 

Statistical Information and important features of public institutions, geological, mineralogical, topographical 
and descriptive data, etc., etc., belonging to any locality, is noticed under their appropriate departments in 
the review of the State at large. 


An incorporated city of Cedar township, is 
situated in the south-west part of Knox county, 
on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Rail- 
road, one hundred and seventy-eight miles 
north-east of Quincy. It -was laid out by Mr. 
A. D. Swarts, in the month of May, *1836, 
since which time there have been several ad- 
ditions to the original town. 

The city contains two colleges and three 
common schools, which are well attended. 
" Abingdon College," located in the southern 
part of the city, was erected in the year. 1855, 
at a cost of about $14,000. The building is of 
brick, on stone foundation, 40x60 feet ; three 
stories high. This Institution has been gradu- 
ally growing in public favor since the time of 
its incorporation, in 1855, up to the present 
day. It has an excellent corps of professors, 
at the head of which stands Pres. J. W. But- 
ler, who has occupied his present position 
since the death of Pres. P. H. Murphey, in the 
year 1860. 

" Hedding Seminary and Central Illinois' 
Female College," stands in the north-east part 
of the city, on a beautiful eminence, which 
gives a delightful view of the surrounding 
country, for the dietance of many miles. The 
building was erected in the year 1856, at a 
cost of $12,000. 

There is also a third, knqwn as " Cherry 
Grove Seminary," situated about one mile 
almost due north of the square. 

Of benevolent societies, there are Lodge 
No. 185 of A. F. and A. Masons, and 
Lodge No. 184 of I. 0. of Odd Fellows, 
and Pleasant Plains, Lodge No. 183, -I. 
0. of Good Templars. The Widows' and 
Orphans' Fund of the 0. F. Lodge amounts to 
$350, besides a beneficial fund of $1,000, both 
of which are constantly accumulating. 

Of the religious denominations, the most 
numerous are the Christian (or Disciples), the 

Congregational, the Episcopal Methodist, and 
the Protestant Methodist, all of whom have 
regular worship. 

The Educational Magazine, a monthly period- 
ical, devoted to physical, intellectual, and 
moral, improvement,' edited by Pres. J. W. 
Butler and Prof. A. J. Thomson, of Abingdon 
College, is now in its first volume, and bids 
fair to become a popular sheet. 

The surrounding country is unsurpassed for 
the productiveness of its soil. Corn, wheat, 
and oats are the principal grains raised for 
export, vast quanties of which are shipped 
yearly to Chicago and other markets. 

In easy access to the city are immense beds 
of coal, which have been opened and are now- 
being worked. Coal is furnished to the citi- 
zens at ten cents per bushel, delivered. As to 
timber, there is an abundant supply easily 

The following are the names of some of the 
early settlers of Abingdon, furnished by 
Dennis Clark, Esq., a gentleman who assist- 
ed in laying out the town lots in 1836. Those 
in italics have since died : 

A. D. Swarts, 
John C. Evans, 
La ban Nation, 
William Nation, 
James Edgar, 
Kent M. Chesney, 
Swarts Nichols, 
John W. Green, 
Absalom Bowman, 
Philip Keller, 
William Johnston, 

Andrew Cochrun, 
John Anderson, 
Handy Cannon, 
David Reece, 
James Smith, 
Harrison P. Sage, 
0. P. Swarts, 
Samuel D. Swarts, 
Ezra Quimby, 
D. A. Peabody, 
Dennis Clark. 


Was chartered in February, 1855, and em- 
powered to confer all degrees usually conferred 
by similar institutions. It is located in Abing- 
don, Knox county, Illinois, on the Chicago, 
Burlington and Quincy Railroad, which inter- 
sects the Peoria, Oquawka and Burlington 

W. W. K13IBAI. J<, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 





Railroad, ten miles north of Abingdon, at 
Galesburg, giving direct railroad communica- 
tion with all parts of the country. 

Abingdon is situated on one of the highest 
points between the Illinois and Mississippi 
Rivers, surrounded by gently undulating prai- 
ries and dense forests is . pre-eminently a 
healthy location, and has long been celebrated 
for its high-toned morality. 

An experience of nine years has served to 
confirm the founders and friends of the Insti- 
tution in their early impression that mixed 
schools, under proper regulations, have de- 
cided advantages over either male or female 
colleges. The sexes exercise a refining, re- 
straining, yet stimulating influence over each 
other, when associated in the same school, 
and in the same class, which nothing else can 
supply ; and here they vie with each other for 
the wreath of honor, ah they labor side by 
side in a common cause. 

Both male and female are thoroughly in- 
structed, not only in the college courses, but 
they are prepared in the Institution by a 
thorough drilling in the primary studies to 
enter these several courses. Students enjoy 
superior advantages by pursuing their prepar- 
atory studies here, but when this is not conve- 
nient, or desirable, there is no arbitrary age, 
or stage of advancement at which applicants 
can be received into the Institution. All will 
be classified according to their proficiency. 

The studies included in the scientific, fe- 
male collegiate, and classical courses, are dis- 
tributed into departments or schools. A stu- 
dent may study the branches included in 
either department, and if he stands an ap- 
proved examination on them and p;iys three 
dollars, he will receive a certificate of gradua- 
tion signed by the President and Professor of 
said department. 

When a young gentleman shall have passed 
through all the departments of the Scientific 
Course, and obtained certificates from them, 
he will be entitled to the degree of Bachelor of 
Science. When a young lady shall have passed 
through all the departments of the Female 
Collegiate Course, and obtained the certifi- 
cates given in that course, she will be entitled 
to the degree of Mistress of English Literature. 
When young genflemen shall have passed 
through all the departments of the Classical 
Course, they will be entitled to the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. The degree of Master of 
Arts will be conferred on such Bachelors of 
three years' standing as have during that time 
distinguished themselves for usefulness in some 
of the learned professions, or are deemed 
worthy of such distinction. 

J. W. Butler, A. M., President, and Pro- 
fessor of Sacred History and Natural Science. 

A. J. Thomson, A. M., Professor of Ancient 
Languages and Elocution. 

, Professor of Mathematics and 

Physical Science. 

J. Derham, A. B., Assistant Professor of 

A. Linn, B. S., Principal of the Preparatory 


H. C. Thomson, Teacher of French. 

Frederick Christianer, Teacher of German 
and Music. 

J. W. Butler, Secretary of Faculty. 

Besides the above corps of teachers, there 
are other Assistant Teachers employed after 
the session commences. 

The college session is divided into four 

The 1st quarter commences on the 2d Mon- 
d iy of September. 

The 2d Quarter commences on the 20th of 

The 3d Quarter commences on the 1st of 

The 4th Quarter commences on the 15th of 

The tuiton in the College proper is $7.50 
per quarter. The tuition in the College pre- 
paratory, is $5,00 per quarter. 

For further particulars consult the cata- 
logue of the school, or address J. W. Butler, 
Secretary of the Faculty. 

Professions, Trades? etc. 

Andrews Cyrus, blacksmith. 

Andrews Thomas W., foreman Educational 


Austin Thomas & Bro., (Isaac,) blacksmiths. 
Babbitt William H., druggist. 
Baldwin Thomas A. , painter. 
BASSETT GEORGE, general store. 
Bennett Orlinda 0., photograph artist. 
BEST WILLIAM & CO., (James F. Best), 

saddle and and harness makers., 
Blair D. 0., physician. 

Boydstun Mattie Mrs., dress and cloak maker. 
Brace Martha A. Mrs., milliner and dress- 
Brown J. R., (Rev.,) president Cherry Grove 

Brown Marion L., traveling agent Winne- 

sheik Ins. Co. 
BUTLER JAMES W., president of Abingdon 

College, and editor and proprietor of the 

.Educational Magazine. 
Button Winfield, boot and shoemaker. 
Bybee John E., general store. 
Byram J. W. & Bros., coal miners and dealers. 
Cambridge Robert, meat market. 
Chaffee F. M., (Rev.), M. E. church. 
CHESNEY CHARLES T., clocks, watches 

and jewelry. 
Chesney Electa Mrs., milliner and millinery 


Chesney Jesse C., postmaster. 
Chesney John E., carriage and wagon maker. 
Chesney John H., general store. 
Christianer Frederick, dentist. 
CLARK DENNIS, insurance and collecting 

agent and notary public. 
Cochrun Albert B., traveling agent Winne- 

sheik Ins. Co. 
Cochrun Thomas S., news depot, books and 


HEKLER & WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 
Gco. R. Cliittenden, General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, Minn. & N. Indiana. 





Cooper Apollos B., saddle and harness maker. 

Cooper James, general store. 

Culton Talbot D. T. carriage and wagon maker. 

Dawdy James, coal miner and dealer. 

DeMart Frank, boot and shoe maker. 

Derham Judge, asst. prof, mathematics Abing- 
don College. 

Dickinson John T., principal Hedding Semi- 

Divens Thomas, furniture mnfr. and dealer. 

Dunn Thomas Dr., manfr. patent medicines. 

FREY HENRY, boot and shoe manfr. and 

Gillaspie William H., notary public and ins 

Gossett Thomas J., druggist. 

Gray C., (Rev.), Protestant Methodist. 

Haney William, (Rev.,) M. E. 

Harden M. B. & E. S., (Milton B. and Elliott 
S.,) lunib., prod, and stock dealers. 

Harvey William, carpenter. 

Hatchett Levy, (Rev.,) Christim. 

Heller William H., physician and surgeon. 

Hewitt Thomas, blacksmith. 

Howard N. L. Mrs., milliner and dress maker. 

Hyde Jeremiah, teacher Abingdon College. 

Inness Georgo, merchant tailor. 

Johnston WilMam, photograph artist. 

Kennedy Jacob, carriage and wagon makr. 

LeMatty Joseph, barber and hair dresser. 

Lewis Samuel M., justice, of the peace. 

Lewis & Bro., (Christopher Columbus and 
Samuel M.,) sawmill. 

Linn Albert, prin. prept. dept. Abingdon Col- 

Lown James, carpenter. 

Lucy Samuel P., teacher in Abingdon College. 

McClure J. D., teacher in Abingdon College. 

McGre"w John, eclectic physician and surgeon. 

McGrew Thomas A., blacksmith. 

Massey Anson and Eli, harness makers. 

Meek Daniel, groceries. 

Merrick William, general store. 

Merrill & Hoffman, (Thaddeus M. and Robert 
F. H.,) proprietors Abingdon City Mills. 

Moore William, boot and shoe maker. 

Morey John, (Rev.,) M. E. Church. 

Nelson Peter, bcot and shoe maker, 

OWEN SIDNEY, proprietor Union House and 
livery stable. 

Palmquist Peter, boot and shoe maker. 

Peister George, painter. 

Pennoyer A. Leeds, (Rev.) Congregational 

Perdue Jesse & Co., (Thomas Perdue and 
Jonathan Latimer,) planing mill, sash and 
blind factory and builders. 

Perdue John G., city marshall. 

FLECKER JOHN R., stoves and tin ware. 

Plympton Elijah, blacksmith. 

Pollock Stephen D., homeo. physician. 

Price George, eclectic physician. 

Richey William, meat market. 

Ritchey Samuel H., lawyer and justice of the 

Roach Thomas W., mnfr. Seidle & Eberly's 
patent horse hay rake. 

Ruble H. & M. B., (Henry and Milton B.,) 
blacksmiths and wagon makers. 

Sanderson Lyman, general produce dealer. 

Sheaffer Levi, blacksmith. 

Shoop Daniel B., city mayor. 

Shoop John C., carriage and wagon maker. 

Smith Frank, (Rev.,) M. E. 

Swarts Benjamin C., (Rev.,) M. E. 

Swarts & Quimby, (Oregon P. S. jftid Jesse B. 

Q.,) general store. 
Thomson A. Judson, nrof. Abingdon College 

and editor Educational Magazine. 
Thomson H, C., teacher of French, Abingdon 


Weaver J. S., eclectic physician. 
Willis Vesper M., teacher instrumental music, 

Abingdon College. 
Woodmansee Charles S., dentist. 
Zeiger Jacob, plasterer. 


A small village in the township of Burton, 
Adams county, on the Quincy and Naples stage 
route, 12 miles from Quincy, and 150 miles from 
St. Louis. Merchandise is received here from 
Chicago via the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railroad. There is another postoffice in the 
township, of the name of Burton. A daily 
mail is received at Adams. There is one 
church here, Congregational ; also, a Division 
of the Order of Good Templars. Population, 
150. Thomas Tripp, postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc* 
Durbin, B., carpenter. 
Herget John, boots, shoes and harness. 
Hunsacker Alexander, wagon maker. 
Leach William H., physician. 
Rowlee John, blacksmith. 
Ruhl John, shoemaker. 
Tripp Thomas, general store, and saw and 

flour mill. 

Wescott Benjamin, carpenter. 
Wescott William, carpenter. 


This is a post village and township in the 
eastern part of DuPage county, a few miles 
north of the Galena & Chicago Union Railroad. 
It is distant from Chicago, eighteen miles 
west, and a few miles north-west from Cottage 
Hill on the G. & C. U. R. R. The postoffice of 
Sagone is situated in the same township. 
The citizens are mostly German. 

The village is situated in the midst of a rich 
agricultural country. There is a German and 
English Academy and German University 
located in the place. It also contains four 
churches, viz.: German Lutheran, German 
Reformed, German Evangelical Reformed, and 
German Methodist. There are two mails per 
week. Postmaster, Henry Bartling. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Asche Henry, boots and shoes. 
Bartling Ferdin, boots and shoes. 
Bremer F., (Rev.,) German Evangelical Re- 
Creter Ferdin, boots and shoes. 

W. W. KIMBALL, Piano Fortes, Tttelodeons and Parlor Organs, Wh olesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 





Fehrman George, merchant tailor and general 


Fiene Frederick, cabinet maker. 
Fisher Dederick, physician. 
Frank A. F. G., (Rev.,) Lutheran. 
Freund Abraham, general store. 
Hiller Henry, cabinet maker, 
lahnke John, carriage and wagon maker. 
Kaut Peter, carnage and wagon maker and 


Kiesling Adam, boots and shoes. 
Kiesling John E,, druggist and general store. 
Kiesling Nick, boots and shoes. 
Martin Henry, blacksmith. 
Meinheit Henry, boots and shoes. 
Moeclin. (Rev.,) Evangelical. 
Nickel Peter, insurance agent. 
Oehman John and Nickolas, carriage and 

wagon makers. 
Peirce Smith D., attorney. 
Pfortmueller Henry, merchant tailor. 
Rathe Henry, blacksmith. 
Reichenbach Dr., physician. 
Rotermund Henry, propr. Salt Creek House. 
Schneider George, boots and shoes. 
Strauschild Philip, harness maker. 
Struckman Dederick, carpenter. 
Sybolt, general store. 
Vogeler Dr. E., physician. 
Wichman Henry, merchant tailor. 


This village is situated m the township of 
Maryland, Ogle county, five miles east of the 
Illinois Central Railroad, and 120 miles from 

Although Adeline is principally a farming 
town, there is, in the way of manufactures, a 
woollen and a molasses factory. There is an- 
other small village in the same township, 
called White Eagle, but no postoffice. Three 
mails per week are received at Adeline. 
Merchandise is received via the Illinois Central 
Railroad. There is a Methodist and a Lu- 
theran church here ; also a lodge of Good 
Templars, Emery, No. 257. Population, 400. 
N. W. Beebe, postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Beard Hiram, harness maker. 
Beebe Nathaniel W., propr. hotel. 
Black George W., blacksmith. 
Cornell John, mason. 
Dorenbarger Jacob, saw mill. 
Edwards George, watches and jewelry. 
Ettinger Joseph, carriage and wagon maker. 
Fepler, John, blacksmith. 
Fopler F. & S., flour mills and wagon makers. 
Hicks Stephen, carpenter. 
Jacobs Dr., physician. 
Kemble Martin, cabinet maker. 
Little Freeland, boot and shoemaker. 
Mayer Daniel P., cigars and tobacco. 
Mitchell George W., general store. 
Molmitz Frederick, cooper. 
Morrison Emanuel, mason. 
Myers Benjamin, mason. 
Omhultz Henry, carpenter. 

Piper Josiah, carpenter. 
Richenback Dr., physician. 
Ryon James W., merchant tailor. 
Shafstall J. M., woollen manufacturer. 
Strang William G., gunsmith and blacksmith. 
Stouffer Daniel W., mason. 

Ainsworth Station. 

This is a postoffice and station on the 
Michigan Southern & Northern Indiana and 
the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne & Chicago Rail- 
ways, in the township of Lake, situated in the 
eastern part of Cook county. It stands on the 
lake shore, eleven miles south-east from 


A post office of Franklin county. 


A postoffice situated in a township of 
the same name in the northern part of 
Peoria county, on the stage route from Toulon 
to Peoria, 180 miles south-west from Chicago. 
A daily mail is received here. Population of 
township, 1,100. Tracy P. Burdick, post- 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Burdick Niles, blacksmith. 
Burdick Tracy P., newsdealer. 
Garrison 0. C., boot and shoemaker. 
McCutchen Robert, (Rev.,) Methodist. 
Potter Riley, wagon maker. 
Satterlee Harvey H., carpenter. 

Albany. . 

A post village and township in the south- 
western part of Whiteside county, about 140 
miles west from Chicago. It is located on the 
ease bank of the Mississippi River, on the 
stage route from Galena to Rock Island. It 
has six mails per week, and the merchants re- 
ceive their goods from Chicago and New York 
via the Galena & Chicago Union Railroad. 
There are three churches, Congregational, 
Methodist and Presbyterian ; also, Albany 
Union Lodge, No. 191, and Mississippi Lodge, 
No. 109, I. 0. of Good Templars. Population, 
about 500. Postmaster, Win. W. Durant. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Baker Zachariah, boot and shoemaker. 
Barnes William S., hotel. 
Boothe Henry M., physician. 
Chamberlain William A., druggist. 
Coon Jacob, (Rev.,) Presbyterian. 
Efner Dean S., attorney. 
Hancock Charles, (Rev.) 
Lashell James D., harness maker. 
Newitt Edward H., lumber dealer- 
Olds Washington, grocer. 
Olds Bros, (Warren and Ezekiel,) carpenters. 
Perkins Ephraim, boot and shoemaker. 
Storer R. & Co., general store. 

ll'IfKKLKIC & WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street. Chicago, 111. 
Geo. K. Cliittendeu, (General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, Minn. & N. Indiana. 






A post town in the central part of Edwards 
county, of which it is the capital. It is 
situated twenty-eight miles south of Olney, 
on the Ohio & Mississippi Railroad. 
Merchants receive their goods from Chicago 
via Illinois Central, and from Cincinnati via 
Ohio & Mississippi Railroad. It has one mail 
per day, north and south. There are four 
churches, viz.: Christian, Episcopal, Metho- 
dist and Presbyterian ; also, Hermitage Lodge 
I. 0. Odd Fellows, and a division of the Sons 
of Temperance. George Ferriman, post- 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Bower George, carriage and wagon maker. 

Bower John, carpenter. 

Bowman Mary Mrs., milliner. 

Bowman William, propr. Albion House' 

Canby Olsoc S., lawyer. 

Churchill James, dry goods. ^ 

Craig James T., harness maker. 

Curdley Robert, boot and shoemaker 

Crome Thomas, boot and shoemaker. 

Dalby S. N., clothing store. 

Dickson H. L., physician. 

Ferriman E. & George, dry goods. 

Flower Alfred, (Rev.,) Christian Church. 

Garner Daniel, blacksmith. 

Hall & Co., dry goods. 

Harris Joseph, carpenter. 

Harris & Co., dry goods. 

Harwick William G., jeweller and watchmkr. 

Hodgson John, flour mills. 

Hutchins Benjamin, (Rev.,) Episcopalian. 

Jacobs James R., grocer. 

Low Charles, carriage and wagon maker. 

Low L. W., physician. 

Macomber Oils T., cabinet maker. 

Manly & Green, grocers. 

Mayo Walter L., milliner. 

Reid William, physician. 

Robinson John, mason. 

Rogers Thomas, blacksmith. 

Schofield William & John, wagonmakers. 

Smith Thomas, (Rev.,) Presbyterian. 

Stuart & Sons, dry goods dealers. 

Thompson Francis B., physician and druggist. 

Thompson S., physician. 

Utley M. W., attorney. 

Weaver Elias, carpenter. 

Woods John, dry goods. 


A small village in a first-rate agricnltural 
township bearing the same name, in McHenry 
county, 69 miles from Chicago, and situated 
on the Kenosha & Rockford Railroad, via 
which and the Chicago & Northwestern, mer- 
chandise is received from Chicago. Two 
mails per day are received. There are two 
churches, Methodist Episcopal, and N. S. Pre-- 
byterian. Population of township, 1,000. 
Geo. B. Andrews, postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Andrews George B., general store and ins 


Bingham A. C., physician. 
Bliss G. J., clergyman. 
Garnsey E., harness maker. 
Harris E., mason. 
Laughlin John, saloon. 
Ordway Hiram, mason. 
Sargent H. G., bootmaker. 
Sears D. B., lumber dealer. 
Wood James, blacksmith. 

"' "'. Aledo. 

A post village, and capital of Mercer county, 
in the township of the same name, is situated 
in the midst of a rich and beautiful farming 
region, 210 miles from Chicago, and 300 
miles from St. Louis. It is on the stage 
routes from Monmouth to Millersburg, and 
from Rock Island to Oquawka. It is also 
on the line of the railroad laid out some 
years since from Ft. Wayne, by Lacon to 
Galva, and from thence to New Boston, on the 
Mississippi River, and which has been graded, 
but was abandoned in the crisis of '57. 

There is coal in abundance within four 
miles of the village. A paper is published 
called the Aledo Weekly Recor'd, by Horace 
Bigelow, Esq. 

There are Masonic and Odd Fellows' lodges, 
one church edifice, and two more in process of 
erection. The religious denominations are 0. 
S., Free, and United Presbyterians and Metho- 

Merchandise is received from Chicago and 
New York, via Chicago & Rock Island Rail- 
road. Population 600. James M. Wilson, 
postmaster. , 

Professions. Trades, etc. 
Abercrombie Joseph H., harnessmkr. 
Ashbaugh Lewis, (Rev.) Methodist Episcopal. 
Bassett J. R. & I., attorney at law, 
Bigelow Horace, publisher Aledo Weekly Re- 

Bitts George, carpenter. 
Boone Washington, boot and shoemaker. 
Campbell Washington L, lawyer. 
Davis Frederick, blacksmith. 
Downs William, hotel. 
Edwards Isaac, general store. 
Fider Albert G, harness maker. 
Graham George P., carpenter. 
Guvin George A., dry goods, 
Hughes Jessie, blacksmith. 
Hughes Joseph, blacksmith. * 
Irvin George Y., physician. 

Kay Charles M., lawyer. | 

Kent Proctor, carpenter. 
Lurin Gustavus A., general store. 
McAllister John R., (Rev.) United Prea. 
McCoy Joseph, town clerk. 
McCoy Samuel W., lawyer. 
McEowen George, wagon mkr. 
Macy Simeon, druggist and dentist. 
Maddox Thomas, hardware, stoves and tin- 

W. W. K.IMBAL.L. Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
audltetail, 142 JLake Street, Chicago, 111* * 





Morrison Hugh R, cabinet mkr. 

Parkman Hiram, general store. 

Paxton & Graham, (John S. Paxton, Geo. P. 
Graham,) dry goods, groceries. 

Poage James S, (Rev.) Free Presbyterian. 

Parkmnn Hiram, grocer. 

Porter John, editor Aledo Weekly Record. 

Reed D., general store. 

Rodgers Nathan, livery stable. 

Scott Harrison, ins. agt. 

Smith Rebecca Miss, milliner. 

Snyder John H., blacksmith. 

Swearinger Leonard, mason. 

Thompson Lewis W , lawyer. 

Thompson & Waterman, (John S. Thompson 
and Amos F. Waterman,) lawyers. 

Townley William, (Rev.) United Presbyterian. 

Turner George, carpenter. 

Volk Frederick, saloon and grocer. 

Watso i Thomas, mason. 

Williams Israel, grocer. 

Williams William W., (Rev.) Old School Pres- 

Wilson James M., supervisor. 

Woods James, physician. 

Woodruff Joseph C., (Rev.) Methodist. 

Young William McKay, lawyer. 


Is a village in the eastern part of Morgan 
county, situated on the Great Western Rail- 
way, 25 miles west from Springfield, and 210 
miles south-west from Chicago. Merchandise 
is received from New York via G. W. R. W., 
and from Chicaga via G. W. R. W. and Illinois 
Central, also Chicago & Alton Railroads. 

It has two mails per cL>y. This village was 
laid out by Mr. John T. Alexander. 

Many cattle are skipped from this place. 
There is a telegraph and post office here. 
Fred Rottger, postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Avery William H., livery stable. 
Brown D., cooper. 
Cole G. W., druggist. 
Cole William G., physician. 
Deaton Thomas, (Rev.) Methodist. 
Graham John L., cooper. 
Han is Thomas, ins. agt. 
Henderson John G., attorney at law. 
Hinrich>en E. S., attorney at law. 
Jolly Addie Miss, milliner. 
Kaiser Frank J, boot and shoemaker. 
Larue Liddie Mrs., hotel. 
McCan John 1J, carpenter. 
Marker John, wagoa mkr. 
Miller Benjamin, carpenter. 
Nagle Joseph & Bro., blacksmiths. 
Rottger Fred., books and stationery. 
Shupmyer John, wagon maker. 
Slater William D., grocer. 
Uugloub John, boot and shoemaker. 


This village is situated on Fox River, at the 
mouth of Crystal Lake outlet, in the township 

of Algonquin, McHenry county, on the line of 
the Chicago & Northwestern Railway. There 
are also two other postoffiees in this township, 
Crystal Lake and Carey. 

Algonquin is about 40 miles from Chicago, 
whence merchandise is received via the Ga- 
lena & Chicago Union, and the Chicago and 
Northwestern Railroads, and from New York 
via Chicago. There are twelve mails per week 
received here. 

The village contains one church Episcopal, 
and one Masonic lodge, Algonquin, No. 256. 
There is a distillery also three flouring mills, 
one of which was erected at a cost of $21,000. 
The village fs snrrounded by a fine farming 
country, mostly prairie land, which is inter- 
spersed with timber lands, and possesses 
natural advantages, in a business point of 
view, unequalled but by few towns in the 

The Fox River Railroad passes throngh the 
village. The principal part of the village has 
been b*uilt within the past three years, and u 
rapidly improving. Samuel A. French, post- 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Ayers Charles, billiard rooms. 

Benthuysen Henry, blacksmith. 

Bently B. B., physician. 

Bourke Michael, saloon. 

Chapman Louisa Mrs., milliner. 

Champlin William, Exchange Hotel. 

Emerson T., boot and shoemaker. 

French Samuel A., dealer in general merchan- 
dise, drugs, and harness. 

Griswold James, carpenter. 

Heideman Henry, flour mill. 

Henry William, lawyer. 

Kern David, grocer. 

Knapp Fred J., carpenter. 

Langloss Mark, general store. 

Lovedale K., boot and shoe mkr. 

McKey John L., flour mill. 

Myers & Barley, (Samuel Myers, George W. 
Barley,) dis'tillers. 

Philips James, wagon mkr. 

Phillips N. H. & G., flour mill. 

Sweek Stephen, blacksmith. 

Weldon Clark, mason. 

Winchester William, physician. 


This is a small place in the township of 
Alhambra, Madison county, about 35 miles 
from St. Louis, and 256 miles from Chicago. 
There is, iu fact, no postoffice in Alhambra, 
the postoffice being located in Greencastle, 
but called Alhambra, and is the only postoffice 
in this township. 

Two mails per day are received. Merchan- 
dise is transported from Chicago over the 
Alton & Chicago Railroad. In Greencastle 
there is a fine Methodist Church, the German 
Lutheran, Cumberland Presbyterian, and 
Christian societies also have church edifices. 

Population of Alhambra and Greencastle 

HEELER A: WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, II 
Geo. R. Chittenden, General Agent for 111., WIs., Iowa, Minn. & M. Indiana. 






about 75 each. John Thornburg, assistant 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Deagle John, blacksmith. 
Gerig Jacob, hotel. 
Holliger John, wagon mkr. 
Maas William, blacksmith. ^ 
Ochs Nicholas, carpenter. 
Pearce Frank M., physician. 
Smidt George, carriage and wagon makers. 
"Wetzel Philip, ealoon. 

Zullie & Kampe, (Yost Z. Zullie, and Joseph 
R. Kampe,) general store. 

Allen's Springs, 

A postoffice of Webster township in the 
western part of Pope county. 


This is a small village situated in township 
8 north, range 3 east, in Marion county, on 
the Chicago Branch of the Illinois Central 
Railroad, and is distant from Chicago about 
235 miles, and from St. Louis about 75 miles. 
Merchants receive their goods from Chicago 
via the above road, and from New York via 
the Ohio & Mississippi. Two mails are re- 
ceived daily. There are two churches, viz.: 
Methodist Episcopal and Independent. The 
soil of the country surrounding is very fertile, 
and adapted to the raising of corn, wheat, to- 
bacco, cotton, Chinese sugar cane, flax, fruit, 
etc. Coal can also be obtained within a mile 
of the station. Population, 375. Randolph 
C. O'Bryant, postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Anglin William G., livery stable and black- 

Bass Henry, tobacco and cigars. 

Cisner Charles, harness maker. 

Finley Wm., (Rev.,) Evangelical. 

Graves Isaac, carriage and wagon maker. - 

Hammers John, cooper. 

McConnal Franklin, cabinet maker. 

O'Bryant Randolph C.j (p. m.,) books and 

O'Bryant William T., real est. and ins. agent. 

Slane John R., general store. 

Spencer Thomas, physician. 

Spencer Thomas N., mason. 

Tilden Samuel, lumber dealer. 

Tilden Samuel Mrs., milliner. 

Winks Nathaniel A., carpenter. 


Is an important and flourishing post city 
and port of entry in the western part of Madi- 
son county. It is situated in latitude north 
38 20' on the left bank of the Mississippi 
River, three miles above the mouth of the 
Missouri, and twenty miles below the Illinois 
River. Distance from Chicago, 256 miles. 

The "Town of Alton" was laid out by Col. 
Ruf'us Easton, of St. Charles, Missouri, in the 
year 1818. Two or three log cabins only had 

previously been erected. In July, 1837, the 
Legislature passed an act to incorporate the 
" City of Alton," and in September of the 
same year the first election of city officers was 

The first steamboat that ever passed above 
the mouth of the Missouri was called the 
"Western Engineer," and landed at Alton, on 
the 8th of July, 1820. It was attached to Col. 
S. H. Long's scientific expidition, which went 
up the Missouri in 1819. 

As a point for manufacturing, Alton has no 
superior on the western waters. It is built 
upon solid limestone, famous for the manu- 
facture of lime of the very best quality, ard for 
producing a building material but little inferior 
to marble, and as durable as granite. With 
beds of the finest fire-clay for earthenware and 
drain pipes, it has also abundance of clay for 
brick. Inexhaustible mines of bituminous 
coal underlie the whole country north and east 
of the city ; and in the forests near are found 
all kinds of wood and timber for fuel, building 
or manufacturing purposes. 

Alton has become renowued for its fine 
orchards, vineyards and gardens. There is a 
Horticultural Society established here, which 
embraces among its members some of the most 
scientific fruit-growers in the State. 

By the Alton & Terre Haute Railroad and 
the Alton & Chicago Road, the city is placed 
in connection with the great net-work of Rail- 
ways throrghout the Union. There is a daily 
line of packets between St. Louis and Alton, 
which has become the great shipping point for 
the produce of Central Illinois. 

Alton has ten churches, two daily and three 
weekly newspapers. The various orders of 
Free Masonry, Odd Fellowship and Good Tem- 
plars have organizations The Alton Bank 
is the only institution of issue in the city. 
The Alton Mutual Insurance & Savings Com- 
pany and the Alton Building & Savings Com- 
pany, are, also, banks of deposit. The Illinois 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company, with its five 
hundred agencies, and with a capital and 
assets amounting to over one and a half mil- 
lion of dollars u has its home office located in 
Alton. There are several splendid foundries 
and machine shops in successful operation ; 
also flouring mills, breweries, and one wollen 
factory. The Penitentiary was located here 
in 1827. The prisoners were moved to the 
new Penitentiary at Joliet in 1857. The old 
buildings and yard in Alton are now occupied 
by the Government as a Military Prison. It 
is now called " Bluff Castle," being located 
upon the high bluff north of the landing. 

The educational facilities of Alton are 
nowhere surpassed. In addition to Shurt- 
lefF College, in Upper Alton, Monticello 
Female Seminary, four miles north, and a 
number of private and select schools, it has a 
complete system of graded public schools, 
under the direction of a Board of Education 
and Superintendent. 

The City Building, on Market Square, con- 


UIBALI,, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs. Wholesale 
and Retail, 141 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 





tains the Market, Council Chamber, rooms for 
the city officers, jail and a public hall, 50 by 
90 feet. The Alton City Court also occupies 
this building for its sessions. The hall will 
accommodate 1,000 persons. The whole 
structure was erected at a cost of about 
$40,000. In the eastern part of the city a 
commodious city hospital and workhouse is 
now being erected. The public cemetery, in 
the same neighborhood, is a model of good 
taste and beauty. 

Alton has an excellent Fire Department. 
The apparatus belonging to the Hook & 
Ladder Company is said to be superior to any 
in the State. " The principal streets are 
McAdamized and lighted with gas. 

In approaching the city from the south, by 
river, the traveler is struck with its singularly 
beautiful and picturesque location. The 
present population is estimated at about 

Professions, Trades, etc, 

Althoff John M., furniture dealer. 

Alton Bank, E. Marsh, pres., C. A. Caldwell, 

Alton Building and Savings Institution, W. T. 

Miller, pres. Alex. Milne, sec. 
Alton Mutual Insurance and Savings Co., Isaac 

Scarritt, pres. D. D. Ryrie, sec. 
"Alton National Democrat," daily and weekly. 

W. T. Dowdall, propr. 
"Alton Telegraph." L. A. Parks & Co., props. 

L. A. Parks, editor. 
Anderson George W., barber. 
Anthony Samuel J., tobacconist. 
Anton Fiedarle, saloon. 
Arenz T., baker. 

Armstrong & Pfeiffenberger, builders. 
Baiiey George, brass foundry. 
Baker & Gilbert, (Henry S. B. and Wm. B. G.,) 

attorneys at law and war claim agents. 
Barber Conway, restaurant and billiards. 
Barry Amasa S., whol. and ret. dealer in drugs 
Bassey Henry, saloon. 
Beasley William, shoemaker. 
Beiler & Miller, (James E. B. and Samuel M.,) 

grain dealers. 
Bennett & Chaffee, (Geo. P.*B. and Wm. H. 

C.,) surgeon dentists. 
Biggins Thomas, saloon. 
Birdsall James, dry goods and clothing. 
Blair & Atwood, (John L. B. and Roger W. 

A.,) whol. grocers and com. mers. 
Boshart Berhard, stoves and tinware. 
Bowman Horatio B., dry goods, carpets, etc. 
Boyle Thomas M., boots and shoes. 
Bozza James, general store. 
Brown Alfred, billiard saloon. 
Buerkle Florentine, vinegar manufactory, 2d. 
Burbank Augustus J., agent Wheeler & Wil- 
son's sewing machines. 
Caldwell & Richmond, (Calvin D. C. and Isaac 

J. R.,) whol. and retail groceries. 
Calm Emil, dry goods, clothing, &c. 
CALVIN & WISSORE, (John W. C. and 

Henry W.) auction, com. and real estate. 

Carey W. W., watchmaker and jeweler. 

Carpenter Seth S., liquor dealer. 

Carr Charles, vegetable market. 

Carroll Michael W., saddle and harness mkr. 

Chaney & Levis, furniture. 

CHURCH & COFFY, (Charles I. C. and Thos- 
G. C.,) com. mers. and produce dealers. 

Clarkson James, propr. Tremont House. 

Clawson L. J., produce. 

Clement & Halpin, (Edwin C. and Patrick H.,) 
marble works. 

Cleveland L. D., architect. 

Clifford Andrew, grocery. 

Conway Patrick, shoemaker^ 

COWEN & CO., (John C. and T. H. P.,) coop- 

Crandall Cleveland M., whol. and retail dealer 
in china, glass and queensware. 

Grossman Mohrwise, United States saloon. 

Crowe Joseph, groceries and provision store. 

Davis Levi, attorney at law. 

Davis Samuel B. & Co., whol. and ret. groce- 
ries and liquors. 

Davis & Morrison, (James W. D. and William 

A. M.,) hardware and agricultural imple- 

DeBow & Sons, (Robert D., Sam'l D. and Hen- 
ry W. Buckmaster,) whol. grocers and 
com. mers. 

Deadrich Adolph, harness and collars. 

Degrand Alfred D., physician. 

Dernreuter C., physician. 

Deterding F., grocer. 

Diamond M. H. Miss, milliner. 

Dietz Philip, grocer. 

DIMMOCK & CO., whol. boots and shoes. 

Donaldson John, baker and provisions. 

Douglass I. Miss & Co., fashionable milliner. 

Dowdall William T., propr. National Democrat^ 
(daily and weekly.) 

Draper Albert H., lime, plaster and cement. 

Dunshen Henry, wagons. 

Dutro & Buckmaster, (David S. D. and Wm. 

B. B.,) staple and fancy grocers. 
Dutro M. M., mer. tailor. 

Drape Louis, vegetables. 

Draper A. H., retail dealer in grain, hides,etc. 

Drew Henry, barber. 

Ehret John P., shoemaker. 

ELSWORTH WM. H., blacksmith. 

Estes & Jander, (Joseph C. E. and George M. 

J.,) painters, 
Finger & Sicher, (Louis F. and Henry S.,) dry 

goods and clothing. 
Finke Adolph, druggist. 
Fischbach & Elble, general store. 
Fish Henry, restaurant. 
Flachenecker & Leonard, upholsterers. 
Flagg & Barr, (Richard F. and Rob't B.,) dry 

goods, clothing, &c. 


Froese Carl H., watchmaker. 
Gambrill A. H., attorney at law. 
GOTTLOB FRITZ family grocer. 
GOULDING EDWARD H., watchmaker and 


\VHEEI.EK & WILSON'S Scvviiiff machines, 106 L,ake Street, Chicago, III. 
Geo. it . Chittenden, General Agent for 111., U is., Iowa, Minn. &, W. Indiana. 





Graham & Coupland,steam dyeing and scourin 
Gryling Win., baker. 
Haagen Louis, dry goods and groceries. 
Hall Wm., carpenter and builder. 
Hanson N. & Co., (Nathaniel H. and John JM 
Pearson,) agricultural implement mnfrs. 
Hardy Isaac E., physician and surgeon. 
HARRISON JOHN, photographist. 
Harrmenn Philip, general store. 
HARTMANN JACOB,wagonmaker and black 

Hatheway & Wade, (Noah C. H. and Alber 

W.,) dry goods. * 

Hawley Andrew T., clothier. 
Hawver & Ferguson, (James E. H. and George 

S. F.,) clothiers. 
Hayden Pierson & Co., (William H., George 

D. H. and Stephen P.,) lumber dealers. 
Herrmann John P., dry goods and groceries. 
Hibbard & Brown, (James H. H. and Cyrus 

W. B.,) books and stationery. 
Hoagland Dennis S., whol. clothier and mnfr, 
Hoehn Charles, iron railing and locksmith. 
HOLLISTER & CO.,(Edward,jr., and Eli T.,) 
whol. dealers in groceries, fruits and lime. 
HOLTON W. A. & CO., (W. A. H. and N. C 

McPike,) druggists and apothecaries. 
Hoppe Anthony L., whol. and retail clothier. 
Houghton & Wolford, painters. 
"Illinois Beobachter," German weekly newspa 

per, Valentine Walter, publisher. 
INGLIS & LOWE, (Frederic I. and Mathew 

J. L.,) foreign and domestic liquors. 
JARRETT WILLIAM, livery stable. 
Jobvison Job, barber. 
Joesting Charles L., baker. 
Johnson & Wetherbee, (Henry A. J. and Levi 

W.,) pork packers. 
Jones Owen, boots and shoes. 
Kafka Simon, upholstery. 
Kelley Isaac, barber and hair-dresser. 
KETCHUM JOSEPH C., produce dealer and 

com. mer. 

Key & Murphy, butchers. 
Keicks Conrad, grocery and confectionery. 
Killorn John, propr. City Hotel. 
King Harrison D., family grocery. 
King Robert L., groceries and provisions. 
Kirch & Schiess, butchers. 
Kraus Alaus, whipmaker. 
Koehne John, wagonmaker. 
Kohler August, grocer. , 

Kriling William, baker. 
Leas J. L, physician and surgeon. 
Lehmann E., physician. 
Lehne Christian II., tailor. 
Lewis James, butcher. 

LEYSER JOHN, confectionery, ice cream, &c. 
Loar George C., surgeon dentist. 
Thomas L., Samuel D. K.,) com. mers , 
steamboat agts, and dealers in lime and 

Loer John, boots and shoes. 
Logan J. B., editor and propr. Western Cum- 
berland Presbyterian. 

McChesney Alfred B., physician and surgeon. 

McCorkle William, carpenter. 

McDowell John B. A., carriage and wagon 


McKenney P. H., grain dealer. 
McPike Henry G., real estate agent. 
Maerdian R. Franklin barber shop. 
Martin & Bows, (William W. Martin and 

Manuel Bows,) builders. 
Martin & Shelly, lime burners, dealers in ce- 
ment, plaster, etc. 

Martin Dewitt C., ins. agt. and notary public. 
Mather Andrew, livery stable. 
and Samuel W.,) com. and produce mers. 
Mellen James, blacksmith. 
Middleton Thomas, justice. 
Miles, Drummond & Co., (George S. Miles, 
James Drummond and John Bird,) whol. 
dealers in tobacco. 
Millen John and David, mnfrs. of ploughs and 


Mooney Simon, clothing. 
Morgan Mrs. Elizabeth, milliner. 
Moritz Henry C. G., mer. tailor. 
Morrison Thomas C., planing mill and dealer 

in lumber. 

Mullady John, grain dealer. 
MURPHY BROS., (V. S. and William A.,) 

MURPHY JOHN H., attorney. 
Myers Jacob H., clothing. 
Nelson & Hayner, (Arbor N., and John E. H.,) 

hardware and iron. 

STewman James, real estate and insurance agt. 
Nichols F. K., agt. Alton Woolen Mills. 
O'Conner & Tansey, (Mike O'C. and James P. 

T.,) builders. 

Parker William R., Post Office saloon. 
Parks L. A. & Co., proprs. Alton Telegraph. 
Patrick James, grain dealer. 

terson, prop. (See advt. p. xxxiv.) 
atterson James, cooper. 
Payson & Lee, (William R. P. and Martin I. 

L.,) books and. stationery, 
'earson J. H. & Co., lumber dealers, 
'erley & Woodman, (Rodney G. P. and Daniel 

P. W.,) lumber dealers. 
Phinuey & Barr, (Charles P. and James B.,) 

whol. grocers. 

TCKARD & KENT, rectifiers, 
ickle & Weess, (Louis P. and Samuel W.,) 


'ierce Thomas & Co., groceries and provisions 
PIERCE WILLIAM C., physician and sur- 

inckard W. G., justice, 
'itts S., jr., stoves and tinware. 
LATT & HART, (Anson B. P. and Henry W. 

H.,) livery. 

'latt Anson B., whol. and retail hardware. 
5UARTON JONATHAN, grocer and provis- 

Juigley & Co., (George Q. and William Gas- 
kins,) stoves and tinware. 

W. W. KIMBALL, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 fcafce Street, Chicago, 111, 





Quigley Bros. & Co., (Webb C., and Joseph 
Q. and Geo. K Hopkins,) druggists. 

Radcliffe Thomas W., agt. American and U. 6. 
Express Cos. 

Randall D., physician. 

Rawlings Thomas H., propr. Valley House. 

Regan Patrick F., justice of the peace. 

Reher & Bro., (William and Henry J.,) stoves 
and tinware. 

REISS C. G., musical instruments, also re- 
pairer and tuner. 

Rice J. T., atty, and war claim agt. 

RICHARDSON CYRUS C., blacksmith and 

Richardson Thomas, blacksmith. 

Rippe Henry H., tobacconist. 

Ritter Bros., (Albert and John F.,) photo- 

Robidore & Bro., blacksmiths. 

Robidue Lawrence, boots and shoes. 

RODEMAYER CHARLES, carriage mnfr. 

Rodgers E., physician. 

Roesch Herman, druggist. 

Root & Platt, hardware, agricultural imple- 
ments, etc. 

Rowan Thomas, cabinetmaker. 

Rowe William N., general store. 

Ryan Daniel, hardware. 

Ryrie John A., whol. and ret. grocer, com. and 
forwarding mer. 

Sachtleben William, dry goods 

Sawyer Seth T., atty. 

Scarritt Isaac & Co., (James W. Stewart and 
Henry M. Scarritt,) whol. dealers in dry 

Schlagedr Bad a, turner. 

Schmid John G., propr. Empire House. 

Sckuennann George J., shoemaker. 

Schweppe John W. & Henry, clothing, boots, 
shoes, hats and caps. 

Seaton John, copper and tin worker. 

Seller William, tinware. 

Shepard Otis, painter. 

Shooler F. J., flouring mills. 

fidway George D., harness leather. 
IMMS DAVID, druggist. 

Slipe Henry, tobacconist. 

Sloman Morris, clothier. 

Smith Alexander M., painter. 

Smith John H., butcher. 

Sneeringer & Hawkins, (E. Jf. S. and R. W. 
H.,) dry goodi. 

Switzer Herhem, tinsmith. 

Sondag John, bakery. 

SOULE & ARMSTRONG, (Columbia S. and 
Thomas A.,) coopers. 


Starr Thomas G., staple and fancy grocer. 

Still Jeremiah, boots and shoes. 

Stoehr Lorenz, blacksmith. 

Strehle Joseph, confectionery. 

Stultz Leonard, general store. 

Sutcliffe Mary J. Miss, milliner. 

Sutter John & Co., (Jacob Eppenberger,) un- 
dertakers and builders. 

SWEETSER & PRIEST, (Henry C. S. and 
Henry C. P.,) lumber dealers. 

Taylor John, confectionery. 

Thompson James, cooper. 

Thorp George, auction store. 

Tomlinson Sampson, whol. wines and liquors. 

Topfsehaar Leonhard, fruit store. 

TOPPING BROS,, (Marcus H. and John S.,) 

hardware, cutlery and iron. 
Trenchery E., music dealer. 
VAUGHN IRENE MRS., photograph artist. 
Wade S. & Co., pork packers. 
Wagner John, boots and ghoes. 
Walker Edward, pork house. 
Walter Benedick, propr. Central House. 
Walter Valentine, editor and propr. Illinois 


Walter Mrs. & Co., milliners and dressmakers. 
Walter & Co., (Valentine W. and Charles 

Gier,) music store. 

Warren Andrew, jr., lumber dealer and mnfr. 

A. W. G.,) com. mers. and dealers in hay, 

grain and fruit. 

WATTS WILLIAM, grocer and provisions. 
WEAVER H. & J. S., (Henry and James S.,) 

grain dealers. 

Webb William W., fishery. 
Weerts Wert, shoemaker. 
Weil & Pfifer, (Raphael W. and Emanuel P.,) 

boots and shoes. 

Wendt Frederick, produce dealer. 
"Western Cumberland Presbyterian," J. B. Lo- 
gan, editor and prop. 
WHIPPLE P. B. & CO., dry goods, boots and 


White Daniel C., dentist. 
White Edward, propr. City Bakery. 
Williams Hez, physician and surgeon. 
Williams Jackson, barber and hairdresser. 
Williams & Son, (Daniel W. and Daniel J. B. 

W.,) props. Piasa House. 
Wise Charles P., attorney at law. 
Wise S. & P., National Mills. 
Wood Richard T., boots and shoes, 
Wuerker Christian, saddles and harness. 
Wuerker Frederic, gunsmith. 
Yager John H., attorney. 
Zeller Carl, family grocer. 

Alton, Upper. 

la a flourishing village in a township of the 
same name, two and one-half miles east of 
Alton, A large amount of earthenware is 
manufactured at this place. 

This is the seat of Shurtleff College. There 
is one church in the village, and a newspaper 
is published weekly. 

Professions, Trade*, etc. 
Braddoek Mary Mrs., milliner. 
Cooper James T., dry goods and groceries. 
Ehrler Louis, shoemaker. 
Elwell Joseph M., coffin maker. 
Growden & Co., (Robert L. G., and John H. 

Gonterrnann,) groceries and provisions. 
Hewett Franklin, dry goods and groceries, and 

ins. agent. 
Higham John, boot and shoemaker. 

WHEELER & WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, UK 
Geo. R. Cliitteiiden, General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, Minn. & N. Indiana. 





Kell John, copper and tin iron works, stoves 

and tinware, hardware. 
Lowe Michael A., grocer. 
Mills B. H., pub. of Good Templar. 
Murphy Thomas R., druggist. 
Randle Irwin B., attorney. 
Kay William R., tin worker. 
Revelin John, butcher. 
Summers Harvey S., harness maker and justice 

of the peace. 
Thompson John, Grant House. 


A village in Walnut Grove township situated 
in the northern part of Kuox county, on the 
line of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Rail- 
road, 152 miles southwest from Chicago, and 
about 270 from St. Louis. The name of the 
postoffice is known as Walnut Grove. Mer- 
chandise is received from New York and 
Chicago via the C., B. & Q. R. R. There is 
here a M. E. Church, Masonic Lodge, and a 
division of the Sons of Temperance. Popula- 
tion, 400. FraniF Allen postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Anderson Ole, flour mill. 

Chambers, Willard & Stephens, (Jacob S. C., 

Warren C. W. and Anson P. S.,) general 


Chase Chester J., blacksmith. 
Clark Horace N., groceries and dry goods. 
Colburn, (Rev.,) Methodist. 
Collison Simeon, general store. 
Daton B., Supervisor. 
Downs Lavij grocer. 
Drew Calvin, blacksmith. 
Ferguson Robert M., grain dealer. 
Fowler John, drugs and groceries. 
Fitman John C., attorney. 
Hall Hiram, physician. 

Johnson Orson F., general store and ins. agt. 
Lawrence 0. S., carriage and wagon maker. 
McKown George W., blacksmith. 
Main Elias B., carriage and wagon maker. 
Mathrus I., (Rev.,) Methodist, 
Miller A. W., boot and shoemaker. 
Negus 0. W., boot and shoemaker. 
Peterson Niles Peter, flour mills. 
Preston A., blacksmith. 
Riner Elizabeth Miss, milliner. 
Smith I. D., physician. 
Smith James S., furniture mnfr. and dealer. 
Tamblin David W., grain dealer. 
Thomson William 0., propr. Excelsior House. 
Vance R. C. S., (Rev.,) Presbyterian. 
Waldo M. B., (Rev.,) Congregationalist. 
Ware & McGregor, (Horace E. W. and James 

McG.,) grain and lumber dealers. 

Alum Rock, 

A postoffice of Bruce township, in the 
southern part of LaSalle county, U6 miles 
south-west from Chicago, situated on the right 
bank of the Big Vermilion River, and on the 
Bloomington and Ottawa McAdamized road. 
Merchandise is received from Chicago via Chi- 

cago and Rock Island Railroad. Transporta- 
tion is also had to Chicago via Illinois & 
Michigan Canal. Coal and timber is abundant. 
Stephen M. Mackey, postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Law Samuel, saw mill. 

O'Neil John, general store. 

O'Neil Josiah, blacksmith. 

Richardt Frederick, cooper. 

Smith George 0., physician. 

Stason Wendley, carpenter. 

Swartz James, general store. 

Webster James, physician. 

Wilson Henry, blacksmith. 

Wyckoff A. >., (Rev.,) Episcopal Methodist. 


An important incorporated village of Lee 
county, on the main line of the Illinois Cen- 
tral Railroad, 104 miles by railroad, west 
from Chicago. It is situated in the midst of 
a rich and productive rolling prairie country, 
and is the centre of a large and rapidly in- 
creasing trade. The first settlement was made 
here in 1854, the railroad was completed to 
this point in 1855, and the place incorporated 
in 1857. It has now a population of 2,600,. 
and is steadily increasing. It has four 
churches, a lodge each of Masons and Odd 
Fellows, a graded school, a weekly newspaper, 
the Times, two flour mills, a distillery, three 
wagon manufacturers, and a proportionate 
number of trades and professions. 

This is the central station of the "Northern" 
or " Centralia and Dunleith Division " of the 
Illinois Centrol Railroad, and is the residence 
of the division superintendent, and location 
of the company's repair shops, etc. The rail- 
road machine shops, to the location of which 
the place owes a large share of its prosperity, 
are very extensive, and give employment to- 
about 150 hands. Machinery is kept here for 
the manufacture and repair of any aud all 
parts of locomotives, cars, etc. 

Every description of work required in the- 
construction and repair of the rolling stock, 
of the road can be executed at these works.. 
Merchandise is received via the Chicago, Bur- 
lington & Quincy, and the Illinois Central rail-- 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Adams Richard F., physician. 

AMBOY TIMES, (weekly, Repub.) H. GL 
Pratt, editor, Pratt, Shaw, & Co., proprs. 

ANDRUSS WILLIAM B, justice of the peace 
notary public, and ins. agt. 

Andruss William B. Mrs., photographist, 

BADGER BROS., (Henry and Chester,) flour- 

BADGER SIMON, justice of the peace and 
ins. agt. 

BARLOW LEMUEL S., groceries, boots and 
shoes, dry goods, and crockery. 

Berkenbuel Peter, saloon. 

Blackstoue,) ins. agt. 

W. W. KIREBALL. Piano Fortes, Melodeon* and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 take Street, Chicago, 111. 





Booth & Maraton, (Kirtland F. B., and Charles 

H. M.,) dealer iii grain, coal and hay. 
Brady Henry, saloon. 

BRIDGMAN C. & CO., (Cyrus B., and Henry 
E. Badger,) dry goods, groceries, crock- 
ery, etc. 
Brigga J. S. & Co., (James S. B. & Lemuel 

Bourne,) drugs and groceries. 
Butler Curtis M., lumber. 
Calkins Daniel P., shoemaker. 
Carroll Michael, saloon. 
Carson & Pirie, (Samuel C., and John T. P.,) 

general store. 

CENTRAL HOTEL, A. H. Varney, propr. 
Chapin Charles, blacksmith. 
Chapin Henry, blacksmith. 
Chase A. P. physician, (homeo.) 
CHASE NEWTON'S., hardware, and mnfr. 

of tinware, also ins. agt. 
Clark Daniel S., carpenter and builder. 
Costain Thomas B., tailor. 
Butcher E. F. & Co., flour mill and distillery. 
EDAMS JOHN B., master mechanic I. C. R. 

R. machine shops. 
Edwards Isaac, livery stable. 
Emerson Sidney T., civil engineer, North Di- 
vision I. C. R. R. 
Ersfeldt Anthony, wagon maker. 
Fasoldt William, watchmkr and jeweller. 
FELKER JOHN B., physician. 
Fleach Philip, barber. 

GOLDMAN PHILIP, agt. boots and shoes 
mnfr and dealer, also leather and shoe 
GOLDMAN SAMUEL, merchant tailor and 

dealer in clothing. 
GRAHAM DEWITT C., boot and shoe maker 

and dealer. 

HAWKS & SOMES, (Benjamin R. H., and 

James F. S.,) dry goods, groceries, and 

hats and caps. 

IVES WILLIAM E., mayor of city, attorney 

at law, notary public, and war claim agt. 

Jackson Abraham, grocery. 

JACOBS JOHN C., supt. northern division I. 

C. R. R. 

Kiefer William, meat market. 
Kinyon Alonzo, attorney at law. 
Kline Jacob, saloon. 
Lake William J., harness maker. 
LITTLE EDWARD, commission merchant 

and dealer in agricultural implements. 
LITTLE JO SI AH JR., drugs and hardware. 
Livey Daniel, meat market. 
McCue James, saloon. 
McCue Laurence, saloon. 
McFatridge Hugh A., physician. 
McKirgan Alexander, dentist. 
McLaughlin Jessie Mrs., millinery. 
McMahon Patrick, grocer. 
Malony Daniel, mason and builder. 
Mans Martin, harnessmkr. 

MELLEN RUFUS H., postmaster and book 

MERIGOLD ROBERT, lumber, grain am 

Mickler John, attorney at law. 

klilly Charles, grocer. 

Miller C. S., telegraph operator, I. C. R. R. 

tfiller E. & Son, (Edgar and Charles P,,) shoe- 
makers and dealers. 

Vfingle George W., shoemaker. 

heim Henry, carpenter and builder. 

ilorris John, saloon. 

Murthe William, saloon. 

O'CONNER OWEN, grocer. 

and Charles J. B.,) hardware store, and 
mnfr. of tinware. 

ratt Horace G., editor Amboy Times. 
ratt, Shaw & Co., (Horace G. P., Benjamin 
F. S., and John Lewis,) props. Amboy 

Sanborn Sarah A. Mrs., music teacher. 

SCOLLAY JOHN N., agt. for sewing 

Scollay & Wasson Mesdames, dressmkrs. 

Sears Chauncy D., carpenter and builder. 

Skinner & Co., (John L., and William E. 
Skinner,) painters, 

SKINNER JOHN L., billiard and oyster sa- 


SWEET HENRY S., wagonmkr. 

TOOKER ALFRED B., attorney at law, and 
ins. agt. 

Travera E. R., physician. 

TRUSDELL BERNARD H., attorney at law. 

Varny AnsonH., propr. Central Hotel. 

VAUGHAN C. DEMMING, furniture mnfr. 
and dealer. 

Walder Andrew J., shoemkr. 

WALKER HENRY F., station agt. I. C; R.R., 
and physician, (homce.) % 

Walter John A., shoemkr. 

Weintz Valentine, saloon. 

Zwisler Isadore, meat market. 


A poscoffice and township in the western 
part of Livingston county, on the Big Vermil- 
ion River. It is about nine miles west of the 
Chicago & Alton Railroad. 


A post village of Reading township in the 
north-western part of Livingston county, 107 
miles south-west from Chicago, and about 160 
miles north-east from St. Louis, via Chicago 
&' Rock Island Railroad. There are two 
mails per week received. It has two churches. 
Erastus F. Smith, postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Boatman W. J., hotel. 

Bradley Johnson, carriage and wagonmkr. 

Fulton John, machinist. 

Kyser Peter, general store. 

Pancost, Willett & Co., flouring mill. 

Reed Daniel, blacksmith. 

Shackelton B. D., general store. 

Smith Erastus F., blacksmith. 

Smith Henry, boot and shoemakers. 

Swain Eber, carriage and wagonmkr. 

TVHEFLI2R 4: WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111.- 
Geo. U.Chittendeii, General Agent for HI., Wis., Iowa, Minn. k N. Indiana. 





Watson Byron W. , physician. 
Williams Edwin E., physician. 


A post village in the township of Edging- 
ton, Rock Island county, situated on the left 
bank of the Mississippi Kiver. Transporta- 
tion to and from Chicago via the Chicago and 
Rock Island Railroad. 


A township and post village, situated in the 
south-western part of Henry county, about 
150 miles sonth-west from Chicago. It is lo- 
cated nearly an equal distance from Kewanee, 
on the C. B. & Q. R. R., eastward, and Gene- 
seo on the C. & R. I. R. R. northward. 


A post village in Avon township, situated 
in Lake county, 45 miles northwest from Chi- 
cago, and about ten miles from Waukegan, on 
the C. &. M. Railroad. 


A post village in the central part of Union 
county, situated on the Illinois Central Rail- 
road, about 330 miles south-west from Chi- 
cago, and 35 miles north of Cairo. 


A postoffice in Licking township, northern 
part of Crawford county, situated about eight 
miles west from the Wabash River. 


This village fs situated in a township of the 
same name, in Henry county, on the line of the 
Chicago and Rock Island Railroad, via .which 
merchandise is received from Chicago, dis- 
tant 146 miles. 

There are two small villages in the same 
township where there are no postoffices For- 
estall's Corner and Green River Bridge. Two 
mails are received daily at Annawan, which 
contains a 1st and 2d Baptist, a Congrega- 
tional, a United Brethren, and a Methodist 
Church. Population about 600. Isaac F. 
Pearson, postmaster- 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Batt William M,, carriage and wagonmkr. 

Barker Starks N., blacksmith. 

Buttermore Daniel, blacksmitn. 

Dart Albert, cigars and tobacco. 

Dart George A., news dealers. 

Dean D. S., (Rev.) pastor 1st Baptist Church. 

Dow & Bros., (Tristram T. Josiah and John L.,) 

general store. 
Haiues Charles, mason. 
Hards & Bro., (James & Elsen,) flouring mill. 
Hays John, cabinetmaker. 
Irons W. O., boots and shoes. 
. Linehan Richard, harnessmaker. 

McDermond William, pastor Second Baptist 


Machesney D. L., physician. 
Morej Geo. M. (Rev.) 
Patch Oliver L., saloon. 
Sargent Benj. C., general store. 
Shelhammer & Burgess, carpenters. 
Smith Mrs. L., milliner. 
$mith & Pearson, (Charles S. and Isaac F. P.) 

general store. 
Smithel Benj., cooper. 
Stilwell W., carriage and wagon maker. 
Stoughton James, mason. 
Val Velsor William, physician. 


This is quite a large village in the township 
of Antioch, on the stage route from Wauke- 
gan to Richmond. It is forty-five miles from 
Chicago. There are three churches here, and 
also a masonic lodge. Merchandise is received 
from Chicago, via the Chicago and Milwau- 
kee Railroad. Four mails are received per 
week. Population of town 1,500; village, 500.. 
Miles Shepard, post master. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Arnold John R., flour and saw mills. 
Barnes L. P., general store. 
Bessy Mrs. John, milliner. 
Bessy John, carpenter 
Burdict Martin L., carpenter. 
Elliott John H., grocer. 
Greer William, cooper. 
Jennings Eumenes, harnessmaker. 
Larabee George, blacksmith. 
Merrill Henry B., harnessmaker. 
Recton Henry S., carpenter. 
Reeves James, boot and shoemaker. 
Rendall George W., blacksmith. 
Rice John B., carpenter. 
Sammons Joseph H., hotel keeper. 
Shephard Miles, general store. 
Taylor David B., physician. 
Winchel Stibbens, cooper. 


A township and post-office in the northern: 
part of Hancock county, situated on the Mis- 
sissippi River, 235 miles south-west from Chi- 
cago, whence merchandise} is received, via, 
Chicago and Burlington Railroad. Four mails 
are received per week. It has two churches, 
Methodict and Presbyterian. There is a vil- 
lage, Niota, but no other post-office in this 
township. W. D. Knapp, post master. 
Professions, Trades, etc, 
Burges Rev. 
Jones S., carpenter. 
Stone J. D., distiller. 
Vanox J., blacksmith. 
Waltemire Rev. 
Zingre J., physician. 

Apple Creek. 

A post office of Green county. 

W. W. KIRXBALL, Piano Fortes, OTelodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesa le 
and Retail, 142 take Street, Chicago, 111. 





Apple River. 

A township and post-office in the northern 
part of Jo Daviess county, situated on the 
Illinois Central Railroad, 157 miles west, *orth- 
west from Chicago. 


This post-office is located in township No. 
16, range 10 west, in the northern part of 
Morgan county, on the stage route from Jack- 
sonville to Beardstown, about 228 miles south- 
west from Chicago, and 140 miles north from 
St. Louis. Merchandise is received here from 
Chicago, via the Chicago and Alton Railroad, 
and from New York, via the Great Western. 
Two mails per day are received here. There 
is one church, Methodist Episcopal, and a 
lodge of I. 0. 0. F. Population, 125. Geo. 
D. Newbury, post-master. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Dougherty John M., hotel keeper. 
Morrison James, physician. 
Neal John F., blacksmith. 
Newbury George D., general store. 
Philipps P. L., physician. 
Eichardson William R., wagonmaker. 
Stockton Isaac, blacksmith. 


A postoffice in Douglas county, situated on 
the Chicago branch of the Illinois Central 
Railroad, 158 miles from Chicago 


A postoffice in the south-western part of 
Caes couny, about 40 miles west of Springfield, 
and a few miles north of the Great Western 


A postoffice of York township, in the south- 
west part of Carroll county, about seven miles 
east of the Mississippi River. It is 140 miles 
west from Chicago, whence merchandise is 
received, via Fulton City and Mt Carroll. Two 
mails are received per week. It has two 
Baptist churches. Population of township 
about 1,000. Wm. H. Balcom, postmaster. 

2 Professions, Trades, etc. 
Balcom William H., general store. 
Brown John, (Rev.,) Baptist. 
arpenter Charles, carpenter. 
Carpenter John H.. carpenter. 
Cosner Isaac, physician. 
Cmshman William P., physician. 
Kinyon Delancy, carpenter. 
Root Myron, (Rev.,) Baptist. 
Spires Thomas, blacksmith. 
Stewart Charles, boot and shoemaker. 


This village situated in the township of 
Westfield, Bureau county, is 95 miles from 

Chicago, on the Chicago, Burlington and 
Quincy Railroad, over which merchandise for 
this place, from Chicago and New York, is 
transported. Two mails are received here 
daily. There is also a . telegraph office 
There are two churches, one Methodist and one 
Presbyterian. There is one Masonic Lodge, 
" Levi Lusk ;" Arlington Division, Sons of 
Temperance, No. 536 ; and Arlington Lodge, 
Good Templars, No. 178. . Estimated popu- 
lation 1,200. Jacob A. Dupee, postmaster. 

Professions^ Trades, etc. 
Baldwin Sealy, hotel keeper. 
Bettendorf Robert, saloon. 
Cheesman J. T., general store. 
Clinefelter Phineas, carpenter. 
Comons James, saloon. 
Douglass Peter A., flour mill. 
Dupee Jacob A., general store. 
Eich Nicholas, blacksmith. 
Foote Frederic J., general store. 
Hamlin Samuel, general store. 
Ridd Benjamin, wagonmaker. 
Lawler Luke, blacksmith. 
Lindley Benjamin F., physician-, 
Miley Jacob, carpenter. 
Peivonnet Alfred, physician. 
Service William G.^ mason. 
Vanlaw Joseph, carpenter. 
Warren Charles C. & Co., lumber dealers.- 
Waugh John, harnessmaker. 
Weeks & Avery, groceries and provisions. 
Wescott Charles H., blacksmith. 
Young John J., wagonmaker. 


A postoffice of Washington township, in 
the north-western part of Carroll county, a 
few miles east of the Mississippi River. 


A postoffice of Hittle township, in the 
south-east part of Tazewell county, about 148 
miles south-west from Chicago, via C. & A. 
R. R. 


A postoffice in the north-east part of Wa- 
bash county, near Wabash River. 


A postoffice and township in the southern 
part of Kankakee county, situated on the 
right bank of the Kanfcakee, just above the 
confluence of the Iroquois with that river. 


A postoffiee of Northville, in the north-east 
part of La Salle county, situated a few mile? 
south of the C. B. & Q/R. R. 

Ash Grove. 

A small village, in a township of the same 
name, situated in tho southern part of Iro- 

TVHEEI.ER & WILSON'S Sewing Machine*, 106 JLake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Geo. R. Chittenden, General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, ?J|iim. fc N. Indiana^ 





quois county, 100 miles from Chicago on 
a special mail route. Mails are received once 
or twice a week. Merchandise ia received 
here from Chicago via Illinois Central Rail- 
road. There is a Methodist Church and a 
Masonic Lodge in the town. 

The soil of the surrounding country is a 
black loam, with clay subsoil. There is a 
great abundance of Artesian wells in the vi- 
cinity, from which water is obtained by 
boring to the depth of from 50 to 125 feet. 
Population of village, 50. John B. Clark, 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Clark John B., druggist. 

Crider William B., carpenter. 

Hamilton & Davis, (Ephraim S. H., and 

Joseph D.,) sawmill. 
Lewis Moses, blacksmith. 
Lutz Philip, mason. 
Smith Royal, physician. 
Tiffany Horace, (Rev.,) Methodist. 
Wilaon William, carpenter. 


A post village and township in the north' 
western interior of Iroquois county, situated 
on the Illinois Central Railroad, 73 miles from 
Chicago. It has two churches, viz: Catholic 
and Methodist, and a lodge of Good Templars. 
Population about 500. L. P. Stringham, 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Blutner F. J., boot and shoemaker. 

Burdick . cooper. 

Chancy, Stickney & Co., flour mill. 

Clark Abram, saloon. 

Dake D. C., carpenter. 

Kelly Peter, blacksmith. 

Packard Malcolm / propr. Ashkum House, and 

ins. agt. 

Ross Robert, general store. 
Stevens Hiram B., general store. 
Stringham L. P., carpenter. 


A flourishing post village of Lancaster town- 
ship, in the south-eastern part of Cass county, 
situated on the Tonica and Petersburg Rail- 
road, and on the route from Springfield to 
Beardstown. Distance from Chicago about 
200 miles via St. Louis Alton and Chicago 
Railroad, and Springfield. 


Is an incorporated post town in the eastern 
part of Washington county, on the Illinois 
Central Railroad, 99 miles north of Cairo, 
and 266 miles south of Chicago, and is the 
most prominent business point between Cen- 
tralia and DuQuoin. 

The State road leading from St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, to Shawneetown, Illinois, passes through 
the town, also the new railroad, (not yet com- 

pleted,) leading from St. Louis, Missouri, to 
Louisville, Kentucky. 

Ashley was laid out by Dr. James M. Lucas, 
in April, 1854. The first sale of lots was on 
the llth day of May, the same year. The 
first house was built soon after by John M. 
Hunter. Quite a number were built the same 
year. The first six settlers were John M. 
Hunter, Truman Gilbert, Green Middleton, 
P. W. McNail, L. B. Morrow, and E. McNail. 
The first white child born in the town was 
Henry Clay Hunter. Thte first death, Mrs. 
Mary Shoemake. 

The town was incorporated in the year 1859, 
under the general incorporation laws of the 
State. The town officers consist of five town 
trustees, elected annually, one police magig- 
trate, elected every four years, one town con 
stable, and one street commissioner. 

The country surrounding the town is about 
half prairie and half timbered land of a 
gently undulating surface, thickly settled with 
a prosperous class of farmers. 

The lands produce wheat, oats, tobacco and 
grass abundantly, but are not so good for corn 
as the lands farther north. Those who devote 
their lands to grass, and stock realize the 
largest returns from the capital employed. 

All the fruits of temperate climate succeed 
well, and especially the apple, pear, peach, 
cherry and small fruits. No doubt this branch 
of horticulture will eventually become a 
permanent business here. 

Stone of an excellent quality is procured 
near the town for building purposes, and also 
oak timber. Stone coal abounds, but has re- 
ceived little attention. 

There are at present two large flouring 
mills and one saw mill in ope'ration, also 
one woolen factory, three wagoii v and one plow 
(Sibert's patent gang plow) manufactories in 
full operation, 9 merchandising firms, two 
hotels, two large lumber yards, and no whisky 
saloons. There is one large school house, ac- 
commodating from 150 to 200 scholars. One 
Methodist Episcopal Church, also societies of 
Baptists, Presbyterians, and Congregational- 
ists. One Masonic Lodge, Clay No, 153, 
meets every 2d and 4th Monday in each 
month. One Odd Fellows Lodge, Ashley 
No. 3, meets every Saturday evening. Em- 
blem of peace, Lodge No. 181, Good 
Templars, meets every Tuesday evening. 

Ashley has ready access to the following 
markets, viz : Chicago north, Cairo south, St. 
Louis west, and Cincinnati east, all by rail- 

The town is now rapidly improving, and will 
always be the central business point for a 
large scope of country, being the shipping 
and receiving point for all the towns in the 
surrounding counties. Population about 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Alden Levi, general store. 

Beck Jacob, shoemkr. 

Baker Benjamin, merchant tailor. 


j. Piano Fortes, OTelodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Imke Street, Chicago, ill. 





Bell J., lumber. 

Boren Richard, propr Ashley House. 

Campbell Hiram, harness mkr. 

Clark Dawson, cooper. 

Charles J. 0. & Co., (Joseph D. Pope,) flour 

and saw mill. 
Clark E. C., mason. 
Curdiff A. M. & Co., general store. 
Dodd Emanuel, hotel. 
Durham James M., lawyer. 
Eden Jesse, saloon. 
Farmer L. & Co., lutober. 
Frost W. D., physician. 
Furgenson George, carpenter. 
Graves & Pace, grocers, 
House M., (Rev.,) Methodist. 
Horn & Flahurst, billiard room. 
Hudson G. Y., (Rev.) Cumberland Presb. 
Logan William M., cabinetmkr. 
McClurkin & Luster, (James L. McC., and 

John L.,) woollen mnfrs. 
McKenzie William, wagonmkr. 
Martin & Bro., boot and shoemkr. 
Martin N. M., dry goods. 
Martin & Son, general store. 
Mitchell Goodwin, photographist. 
Morgan B,, Wagonmkr. 
Offield J., carpenter. 
Offield E., blacksmith. 
Pope Joseph D., general store. 
Ramsey James, livery stable. 
Rouse A. D., physician. 
Siebert George and John, wagonmkrs. 
Skear C., billiard room. 
Stuart Elizabeth, proprietoress Stanfield 


Sterns E. M., ins. agt. 
Thorn S., shoemkr. 
Vance E. M., lawyer. 
Welch E., physician. 
Welch & DeWitt, drug store. 


This is a small village in a township of the 
same name, in Coles county, on the line of the 
Terre Haute, Alton and St. Louis Railroad. It 
is about 191 miles from Chicago, and 160 from 
St. Louis. Fifteen mails per week leave and 
arrive here. 

Merchandise is received from Chicago via 
Mattoon, and from New York via Indianapolis. 
There is a Cumberland Presbyterian Church 
herej also a Masonic Lodge. Population 80. 
0. D. Hawkins, postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Austin William J., carriage and wagonmkr. 
Bass William, cabinetmkr. 
Brown Jacob A., general store. 
Graves Pay ton S., blacksmith. 
Kincaid Thomas, carriage and wagonmkr. 
Matteson George W., hotel. 
O'Brien Thomas, general store. 
O'Brien William, blacksmith. 
Rea Robert, cabinetmkr. 
Smith William, wagonmkr. 
VanDyke Isaac N., lawyer. 

VanDyke Joseph, physician. 
Waters Andrew J., wagonmkr. 
Wilson Thomas J., general store. 
Yeargin James S., watches and jewelry. 
Zimmerman Jacob, grocer. 

Ash Ridge. 

A postoffice of Grand Chain township in the 
western part of Massac county, situated about 
three miles north of the Ohio River. 


A postoffice in the township of Tacusah, ia 
the eastern part of Christian county, situated 
on the Illinois Central Railroad, via which and 
the Great Western Railroad it is 195 miles 
from Chicago. 


A township and post village in the south- 
west part of Fulton county. Merchandise ia 
received from Chicago via Illinois River, and 
mails arrive three times per week. There are 
four churches in the village and vicinity, viz : 
two Methodist Episcopal, a United Brethren, 
and Dutch Reformed, also societies Astoria 
Lodge, .fro. 100 A. F. & A. Masons, Astoria 
Lodge, No. 112, 1. 0. of Odd Fellows. Popu- 
lation of village, 400. Population of town- 
ship, 1,600. David Shrier, postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Bartholow Jasper, attorney at law. 
Boyd John, cooper. 
Bricker John, carpenter. 
Burrows William and Martin C., wagonmkrs: 
Callinan Thomas, saloon. 
Cox McDonald, wagonmkr. 
Cox William, tannery. 
Cummings & Bro,, (Samuel P., and Stephen 

F.,) general store. 
Douglas Cyrus, physician. 
Fackler James R., and John T., blacksmiths. 
Ferguson Robert H., cabinetmkr. 
Fry Oliver P., sawmill. 
Gilbert Hiram F., general store. 
Gilliland John A., tannery. 
Green & Gilliland, (John W. G., and John A. 

G.,) harnessmkrs. 

Hillerby John P., (Rev.) Episcopal. 
Hoffman Andrew, boot and shoemkr. 
Kidd John, saw and flour mill. 
Lind Franklin B., carpenter. 
Lovell John, saw mill. 
Lutz James C., hardware. 
McLaren Robert F., wagonmkr. 
Matteson Jane Miss, milliner. 
Meiers Levi, general store. 
Mooney Henry L., flour mill. 
Nebergall Reuben, cooper. 
Osborn Eli F., physician. 
Roosa Andrus J., physician.* 
Scripps William H., general store. 
Shannon John W., blacksmith. 
Smith Elbert II., druggist. 
Smith John W., carpenter. 

WHEELER &: WILSON'S Sewing- Machines, 1O6 Latee Street, Chicago, 111. 
G*o. R. Chittendeu, General Agent for 111. Wis., Iowa, Minn. fc N. Indiana. 





Stoneberger John, (Rev.) Dutch Reformed. 
Thirio John, cabinetmkr. 
Toler Benjamin C., physician. 
Toler William T., physician. 
Wiggins Ezra, mason. 


A village of Lernont township, situated on 
the left bank of the DesPlaines River, in the 
south-west part of Cook county. (See Lemont.} 


This is a post village and township of J 
nard county. The population of the town- 
ship is put at 800 persons. The village is on 
the stage route to Petersburg, 13 miles from 
Springfield, and there are mails daily from 
each of these places. There is a Methodist, 
Christian, and Presbyterian Church; also a 
Good Templars Society. At Indian Point, 
3 miles north of Athens, is established the 
North Sangamoa, Academy, (High School.) 
At this place there is a machine shop for mak- 
ing patent saw gummers, and also a pottery. 
A saw mill , flour mill, and, wagon shop. The 
village is pleasant and thriving. W. S. 
Colburn, postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Boyd John W., carpenter. 

Boyd William, wagonmaker. 

Cantrall Charles S., saw mill. 

Colburn S., tobacco and cigars. 

Colburn W. S., lawyer and Insurance agt. 

Criswell R. A., (Rev.,) Presbyterian. 

Farley B. F., horneo. physician and druggist. 

Gibbs Levi, boot and shoemaker. 

Gibbs William F., photographer". 

Holland & Rader, (Turner H. & John R.,) 

Little Mary Mrs., milliner. 
McCoy George, lumber dealer. 
Mott James, cabinetmaker. 
Myers Morris, general store. 
Pierson W. J., pottery. 
Primm Thomas J., physician. 
Restler Charles, boot* and shoemaker. 
Roberts W. F., physician. 
Salzenstein Lewis, general store. 
Searle Lawrence S., coopers. ' 
Smith R M., (Rev.,) Cumb. Presbyterian. 
Stone N: F,, machinist. 
Sudduth J. M., physician. 
Taylor James, carpenter. 
Wallace Henry, (Rev.,) M. E. 
Winters & Waggoner, (Reuben K. W. and 

Joseph B. W.,) wagonmakers. 


A postoffice of Mountary township, situ- 
ated in the north-western part of Greene 
county, about 70 miles north of St. Louis. 
Merchandise is received from Chicago, via the 
Chicago and Alton Railroad. Two mails 
per week. There is one chnrch here Chris- 
tian. Population 75. T S. Patterson, post- 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Burns Joseph, cabinetmaker. 

Harlow 0., carpenter. 

King A., lawyer. 

Patterson T. Smith, general store and hotel. 

Piper C. W., blacksmith. 

Rugell John, lawyer. 

Shores John, gunsmith. 

Turner William T., physician. 

Waters James E., physician. 

Williams G. A., physician. 


A small village in a township of the same 
name, situated in the northern part of Henry 
county, 157 miles from Chicago, on the line 
of the Chicago and Rock Island Railroad. 
There is a Congregational and a Methodist 
Episcopal Church ; also, a lodge of the Order 
of Good Templars. Population, about 300. 
John L. Dickerson, postmaster, 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Ashley John, jr., carpenter. 

Babbitt George R., saloon. 

Carter Levi W., physician. 

Daum John, wagonmakej*. 

Dean John H., general store and lumber. 

Dickerson John L., saloon. 

Dunbar Hiram R., general store. 

Frick A. C., (Rev.,) Methodist Episcopal. 

Hayden William, physician. 

MilorRobt. W., carpenter. 

Nowers Thomas & Son, general store and 


Postman John, blacksmith. 
Ranft John, boots and shoes. 
Wonderly D. W., carpenter. 


A thriving post village and township in the 
north-east part of Logan county, situated on 
the Chicago and Alton Railroad, 145 miles 
south-west of. Chicago, and 136 miles north- 
east from St. Louis. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Alfter Peter, shoemaker. 
Allen John S., physician. 
Allen P. A., drug store. 
Armington Hezekiah, grain dealer. 
Arterburn George N., physician. 
Bean Benjamin, drugstore. 
Burkholder J. H., physician. 
Cameron Charles, grain dealer. 
Church Azel E., furniture dealer and under- 

Church Ira A., varieties and news agent. * 

Clarke B. E. Mrs., dressmaker. 

DALZELL EZRA H., bakery and confection- 

Dalzell & Bro's., (John T., Henry 0., Benja- 
min F. and Robert A.,) Atlantic Flour 

Dicks W. E., justice of the peace. 

Dills '& Kern, (Anthony and David,) bankers. 

W. W. KIREBAIiIj. Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 LaKe Street, Chicago, Illi 





DILLS & HOWSER, (Anthony N. D. and Jef- 
ferson H.,) grain dealers. 

Drewley Reuben, blacksmith. 

Dunlap'John C., saddles and harness. 

Durant A. P., inventor of the seeder and cul. 

Eichberg Max, general store. 

Eichberg L. & Bro., (Lewis and Samuel,) dry 
goods and clothing. 

Estabrook George H., attorney at law. 

Field Samuel H., lumber dealer. 

Fluegel Charles, shoemaker. 

Frorer & Gorham, (Frank F. and Albert F. 
G.,) hardware, stoves and tinware. 

Fuller Archibald, provision store. 

Fuller Thomas N., grocery. 

Grow Stephen, telegraph operator. 

Hickox Eaton R.', dry goods and groceries. 

Hicks & Co., (Harry and Milton,) pork packers 

Hoblit John C., machinist. 

Hoerr George, shoeshop. 

Howser John M., wagonmaker 

Hubert Samuel, meat market. 

Hunt William P., harnessmaker. 

Hyde 0. F. & Son, (Oscar F. and Charles,) 
boots and shoes. 

James Robert, grocery. 

JAMES LORENZO, groceries. 

January Joseph, attorney at law. 

Kern, Joseph & Hoblit, (David K., Thomas P. 
J. and Frank H.,) merchants. 

KING BENJAMIN B.,. grain dealers. 

Landauer Moses, clothing. 

LOGAN HOUSE, Jesse Newman, proprietor. 

Longnecker Mrs., milliner. 

McElfresh G. R. S., (Rev.,) pastor Methodist 

MaUby Harrison, general store. 

Mason George H,, groceries and provisions. 

Merz John, wagon maker. 

Mills Joseph, harness maker. 

Morgan Mrs., milliner. 

NEAL REUBEN D., dentist and photographer 

Niles Milborn, hardware and agricultural im- 

Pallady John, shoemaker. 

Paullin Arthur, merchant tailor. 

Ruggles Stephen M., Atlanta House. t 

Shores & Dunham, dry goods and clothing. 

Skeen Joseph C., photograph and ambrotype 

Taylor C. B. & Co., groceries. 

Thomas E. J., (Rev.,) Baptist. 

Truby C., watchmaker and jeweller. 

Tuttle E. H. & Co., lumber dealers. 

Vanhorn Charles B., Novelty Mills. 

VOAK JOHN E., Homoe. and Hydropathic 

Wermer & Hoose, wagon makers. 

Worthington Charles H., attorney at law. 


A township and post village in the south- 
west part of Pike county, situated on the Sny- 
cartee Slough, a cut-off of the Mississippi 
River, and on the Pittsfield and Louisiana, 
Mo., stage route, about 112 miles north-west 

of St. Louis, via Mississippi River. There are 
three mails per week. It has two churches, 
Congregational and Methodist, and a Lodge of 
Good Templars. Population of village, 96. 
Austin A. Fox, postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Adams Israel A., machinist. 
Atlas Hotel, Austin A. Fox, propr. 
Baxter James, cooper. 
Brackenbury Charles, carpenter. 
Fox Austin A., propr. Atlas Hotel. 
Hoffman Charles, cooper. j 

Smith William T., carpenter. _/ 


A postoffice in Northern township, north- 
east corner of Williamson county, about 27 
miles east of De Soto, on the Illinois Central 
Railway, via which it is 328 miles from 


This village is situated in a township of the 
same name in the southern part of Sangamon 
county, on the Chicago, Alton & St. Louis 
Railroad, fifteen miles south of Springfield, in. 
one of the most fertile parts of the State. As 
evidence of this, it may be mentioned, one 
firm doing business here have shipped over 
one hundred thousand dollars' worth of wheat, 
corn, oats and hay to Chicago and St. Louis 
annually, for the past five years. Other deal- 
ers have, in the same time, shipped an equal 
amount. Cattle and hogs have also been 
shipped to a large extent. Farming land is 
held at from $20 to 30* per acre. 

Auburn is 85 miles north from St. Louis, 
and 200 miles south-west from Chicago, 
whence goods are received via the Chicago, 
Alton & St. Louis Railroad. There are two 
mails per day. There are three churches, 
Methodist, Baptist and Presbyterian, a Ma- 
sonic Lodge and a Lodge of Good Templars. 
Population, 300. Postmaster, Roland N. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Anderson Thomas, wagon maker. 

Armstrong George, billiard saloon. 

Bremer George, boot and shoemaker. 

Brooks William P., blacksmith. 

Brooks N. C. & Co., (N. C. B. and William 
Mitchell,) groceries. 

Crull Audrew Jackson, groceries and pro- 

Goodwin & Williams, (Samuel S. G. and John 
N. W.,) groceries. 

Graves Jonas U., millinery. 

Inglish Jefferson Thomas/blacksmith. 

Janes Bostic, lumber dealer. 

Large James Monroe, blacksmith. 

McCay Rice, carpenter. 

Morse Robert E., wagon maker. 

Scott Miles, cooper. 

Sweezy David, groceries and provisions. 

Tucker Elias, lumber dealer. 

Wheeler Win. D., physician and druggist. 

fc WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 take Street, Chicago, J11. 
tteiiden, General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, Minn. & N. Indiana, 

Oeo. R. Cliitteiiden, General Agent for 






A township and small post village in the 
north-east corner of Montgomery county, south 
of the Terre Haute, Alton & St. Louis Rail- 
road, via which it is 88 miles east from St. 


An incorporate post village in a township of 
the same name,vsituated in the south-east part 
of Hancock county, on the line of the Chicago, 
Burlington & Quincy Railroad, 231 miles south- 
west from Chicago, and 37 miles north-east 
from Quincy. It is surrounded by beautiful 
rolling prairies of rich, productive soil, well 
watered and interspersed with groves of good 
timber. Coal is obtained from the neighbor- 
ing mines, and large quantities shipped to 
Quincy and Keokuk. There is also here a 
species of potter's clay used in the manufacture 
of brown, earthen ware, pronounced by the 
State Geologist to be of the best quality found 
in the State. 

Among the first settlers in the vicinity of 
Augusta were Messrs. Alexander Denney, 
Wm. D. Abernaihy, Samuel Haggert, Joel 
Catlin (now of Jacksonville), George W. Haw- 
ley, Heniy D. Fonda, Wm. M. Dexter, Horace 
Mead and Jonathan Mead, who immigrated in 
1832-3. The town was laid out during the 
winter of 1835-6, and shortly after Rufus 
Hawley, Rev. Milton Kemble (now of Clay- 
ton), and others settled here. Wm. D. Aber- 
nathy, Samuel B. Mead, M. D., and Joel Cat- 
lin were the original proprietors of the land 
where the village now stands. (The above 
names in italics are those who have since died.) 

The township now has a population of about 
2,600, and village about 1,200. It has three 
churches, Christian, Methodist and Presbyte- 
rian (brick edifice), and one graded school of 
about 250 scholars, under the management of 
five teachers, of which Mr; G. W. Batchelder 
is principal. There are eight public schools 
in the township, with an attendance of about 
500 scholars. 

Considerable pork is packed in this place 
during the season, and a large number of cat- 
tle and hogs are shipped, principally to Chi- 
cago. The cultivation and manufacture of 
sorghum is successfully carried on by farmers 
in this vicinity. 

The town is governed by a BOARD OF TRUS- 
TEES : President H. A. Young. Trustees 
Henry G. Dearborn, M D.; A. J. Winfield ; G. 
W. Leach ; A. J. Short. 

SOCIETIES. /. L. Anderson Lodge No. 318, 
A. F. and A. M.; meets Saturday after each 
full moon. Augusta Division Sons of Tem- 
perance No. 580 ; meets each Monday evening. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
BABCOCK JUSTUS J., stoves and tinware. 
Batchelder, George W., principal Augusta 


Bennett & Futhy, (M. F. B. and S. F.,) black- 

BERTHOLF JAMES C., farmer and mnfr,. 

sorghum syrup. 

Campbell William E., broom mnfr. 
Carver John, mason. 
Compton J. & J. B., pork packers. 
Cowdery Silas, lumber. 
Curtis Amos, insurance agent. 
DEARBORN HENRY G., physician. 
Dexter John H., general store and stock dealer;. 
Doyle Patrick, coal miner and dealer. 
Ellis David, physician. 
Elliston Benjamin, plasterer. 
Froyer John, coal miner and dealer. 
Green Joab, attorney at law. 
GRIGSO WILLIAM, coal shipper. 
Green Richard J., shoemaker. 
Harris John, lumber. 
Hawley E. P., justice of the peace. 
Hawley E. P. & E. A., livery stable. 
Hawley & Barney, (G. C. H. and James B.,) 

saw mill. 

Herst Joseph, coal mine. 
Hikok William, carpenter. 
Hiler J. D., live stock dealer. 
Hurd Edwin L., (Rev.,) pastor Presbyterian: 


Jackson John, mason. 
Jones A. C., carpenter. 
JONES ISSACHAR A., mnfr. and dealer in 

all kinds of boots and shoes. (See card\, 

page xxxiii.) 
Kirk, lime kiln. 
Krueger, William, druggist. 
Lawrence Henry G., general store. 
Leach William G., justice of the peace. 
Lemmon, (Rev.) Methodist. 
McAFEE SAMUEL B., boot and shoe dealer, 
McCann John, mason and plasterer. 
McINTOSH JAMES M., druggist. 
Martin & Rice, (Silas M. and Ed. A. R.) black- 

MEAD GEORGE P., jeweller and watchmfcr. 
Mead Samuel B., M. D., botanist. 
Mead William H., attorney at law, notary an& 

claim agent. 

Mills Robert, propr. coal mine. 
Morrell H. K., homeo. physician. 
Morrison William, barber. 
Pease Joseph, carpenter. 
Rierson Daniel, physician and surgeon. 
RHOADES & CAMPBELL, (Elijah B. R. and 

William D, C.,) general store. 
Roberts Jacob, lime kiln. 
ROBINSON GEORGE H., photographist and: 

dealer in fancy goods. 
Short Abner J., tailor. 
Skinner A. & A. W., (Alfred and Alfred W.,), 

general store. 

Stark James, (Rev.,) Christian. 
Stark J. & G., (James and George,) general 

store and proprs. Augusta flouring mills,, 
Sutton Ezekiel, stone mason. 
Thomas John, live stock dealer. 
WARD ELIHU, lawyer and Justice of tne 

Weinberg Simon, livo. stock dealer and 


W. TV. KOIJBAL1L, Piano Fortes, Ittelodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 I*ake Street, Chicago, 111. 





Winfield Andrew J., blacksmith. 

Working John C., carpenter. 

WYNKGOP JOHN H., propr. Augusta House 

and livery stable. (See card, p. xxxiii.) 
Yates E. L., live stock dealer. 
Young Henry A., harness maker. 


A flourishing city in the south-east part of 
Kane county, forty miles west-south-west of 
Chicago, on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railroad. It is situated on both sides of the 
Fox River, which has a substantial dam across 
it, affording excellent water power for manu- 
facturing purposes. The land on both sides 
rises gradually to a height of from 60 to 70 feet. 
It is spread orer an area of about six square 
miles, affording the greatest abundance of 
building sites, being, though rolling and un. 
even, yet not broken, and very little low and 
marshy. The south-east corner and northern 
part on both sides are somewhat timbered, and 
large numbers of the original forest oaks still 
grace the east side, making it look like a gar- 
den, especially from the cupola of Clark Semi- 
nary, which everybody ought to visit. On the 
west side, South River street is one of the 
most sylvan looking streets in the West. 
Water of the purest kind is found by digging 
from twelve to twenty feet, and in the bluffs, 
on both sides of the river, a thousand springs 
of soft water, clear as crystal and delicious to 
drink, gush forth, enough to supply the largest 
citj in the world. By the aid of hy- 
draulic rams, they are made to supply, through 
leaden pipes, the round-house and almost the 
entire business portion of the east side, and a 
reservoir to supply the railroad on the west 
side. Aurora contains two good-sized parks, 
one on each side of the river, wisely reserved 
by the original founders en the east side, and 
purchased by the corporation on the west side, 
when the City Charter was applied for. Both 
are well enclosed. The one on the east side 
has been planted with ornamental trees ; and 
the one on the west side has some native trees 

Aurora has nine church edifices the Con- 
gregational (an ornament to the city, built of 
stone, in a half Gothic style, and frescoed in- 
side,) two Methodist Churches one on each 
eide ol the river ; two Baptist Churches also 
one on each side of the river ; one Univer- 
salist Church ; one German Lutheran Church ; 
one Episcopal Church, and a Roman Catholic 
edifice. It also contains two good school 
houses one on each side of the River and 
Clark Seminary, a first-class Educational In- 

There is as much life and business in Aurora 
as in any other city of its size in the West. 
It contains at present a population of 9,000. 

In the autumn of 1833, a young man by the 
rasne of Joseph McCarty, a millwright by 
trade, from Elmira, New York, descended the 
Ohio River, and spent a part of the winter in 

the South. In the Spring, he ascended the 
Illinois River on a tour of " prospecting." He 
found the points he had thought of already 
occupied, and moved on up the valley of the 
Fox River, and in April, 1834, arrived at the 
Indian village of Wau-bon-sie and his tribe, on 
the west bank of Fox River, just north of 
where Aurora is now situated, and on what is 
called the McNamara farm. Here he found a 
swift river, and an island facilitating the 
building of a dam, and with Robert Faracre 
and John Barsley, a youth whom he had 
brought with him as an apprentice, he " drove 
stakes," by erecting a log cabin 14 by 16 feet. 
This was built on the east side, where he 
claimed about 360 acres. He subsequently 
built one on the west side, where Dunning's 
block now stands, to hold his claim on that 
side, which was about 100 acres. Having se- 
cured lands and tenements, the next thing in 
order was a dam and a saw mill. 

In these labors were the summer and 
autumn of 1834 consumed. 

The first sawing done in this mill (the first 
on Fox River^ was done for Mr. Wormley, who 
made a claim near Oswego, in 1834. 

R. C. Horr also came that year, and was 
elected justice of the peace the following year, 
being the first justice created in the place. 

The McCartys and the Higginses built the 
first two frame houses. 

The first death was that of Miss Elmira 
Graves, a young lady brought by her friends, 
a consumptive from her home by the side of 
Lake Champlain, who died late in the fall of 

The original plat of Aurora (east side of the 
river) was laid out in 1835 by Samuel McCarty, 
the proprietor. 

The dam across Fox River was completed in 
that year, and Zaphna Lake bought the water 
power, with McCarthy's claim on the west 
side, for $500. He built two saw mills before 
the close of 1837, the last of which was re- 
moved to make room for the Black Hawk 
Mills, which were erected in 1842 R. C. Mix, 

In the fall of 1835, and during the whole 
summer of 1836, the immigration to this point 
was very considerable. 

The first flour mill was built in 1836, by the 
McCarty brothers and Robert Miller. 

In 1836, there were two school houses built 
one on each side. 

Now they must have a postofiSce and what 
to call it? A great many names were sug- 
gested, some after persons, and some old In- 
dian titles, (the Indians had just been removed.) 
At last, E. D. Terry suggested the beautiful 
and classic name which the city now bears, 
and which was adopted. It is said that 
" there's nothing in a name ; " but it would be 
well for her citizens to consider the beautiful 
signification of the name of the city (a rising 
light), and labor to make it really worthy of 
the title. 

There was no house for religious purposes up. 

WHEELER A: WII, SON'S Sewing Machines, 1O6 I^ake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Creo. R. ChiUeudeu, General Agent for 111., \Vis., Iowa, Minn. & IV. Indiana. 





to 1837. The first sermon was preached in 
1838, by one Wra. Rounsville. 

The Presbyterian Church was early organ- 
ized here, and the Methodist came next. 

In 1843, P. A. Hall, since Superintendent of 
the Galena & Chicago Union Railroad, arrived 
in Aurora. B. F. and M. V. Hall, his two 
brothers, arrived the year it was built, and 
commenced the publication of The Aurora 
Weekly Beacon, a neutral paper of six columns, 
on the 1st of June, 1847. 

In the year 1848, a movement took place to 
obtain a railroad from Aurora to the junction 
with the Chicago & Galena Road, which was 
happily effected and opened in 1851, affording 
great facilities of transit from this district, 
and adding much to its prosperity. 

Beds of limestone underlie the city. Of 
this stone there are two kinds : one is quarried 
for building purposes, and the other familiarly 
known as " horse-bone lime," containing un- 
mirable fossils, is burned in two kilns. There 
is a bed of excellent brick clay on the east 
side, and sand is found in many places. There 
are many remains of the great flood, which is 
known as " the drift period," in the shape of 
boulders of various sizes. They are some- 
times pure granite ; at others, conglomerate, 
and sometimes of quite curious composition. 

Direct railroad communication was opened 
from Aurora to the Mississippi, in 1855. 

Theodore Lake laid out the village of West 
Aurora, in .1842. 

During the latter part of the winter of 1847, 
and agreeably to the expressed wish of two 
corporations, Hon. Wm. R. Parker, then 
Representative in the Legislature, procured 
the passage of an act incorporating them as a 
city, by the name of the " City of Aurora." 
The first municipal election was held on the 
first Tuesday of March following. 

Since the incorporation, Aurora has carried 
on, steadily, a system of internal improve- 
ments, highly beneficial to the citizens. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Allaire Pierre A., physician. 

Allen R. C. & Co., (Robert C. A., George E. 

Mosher and Charles Haney,) groceries. 
Andrews & Bisbey, (John A. and Benjamin 

B.,) lumber. 

Andrus John M., marble dealer. 
AURORA HOUSE, Rosswell McAlister, propr. 
Bacon Ella Miss, dress and cloak maker. 
Baker Nelson G. , watchmaker. 
Baker William W., billiard hall. 
Baldwin Lyman, justice of the peace. 
Baldwin Sherman C., dentist. 
Bangs George S., postmaster on the island. 
Bangs & Nickerbocker, (George S. B. and 

Oscar B. N.,) editors Aurora Beacon. 
Burlew John E., wagons and carriages. 
Button Charles, pastor of the Union Baptist 


Bevier Isaac T., druggist. 
Birney Wiley A., barber. 
Bisbey Harriet J. Mrs., ladies' variety store. 


and Israel B. H.,) groceries. 
Bogle John, wines and liquors. 
Brady, Hawkins & Allen, (Lorenzo D. B,, 

William H. H. and Edward R. A.,) 

Brady & Perry (L. D. B. and A. K. P.,) dry 

Brawner & Otis, (James M. B. and Newton L 

0.,) insurance and real estate agts. 
Bray William L., pastor of the 1st. Congre- 
gational Church. 
Brigham Leonard R., physician. 
Bruce Malcom R., tailor. 
Caben A., groceries and provisions. 
Canfield & McDole, (Eugene C. and A. Gor- ( 

don McD.,) lawyers. 
Carpenter Daniel G., music store. 
CHAPIN CALVIN B., billiard hall. 
Chilver Joseph, bookbinder. 
Clagg William, watchmaker. , 

COFFIN & PADDOCK, (William C. & Henry 
C. P.,) Bankers. 

Cornell & Wheat, (James S. C., and Jno. H. 
W.,) saddle and harness manfr., .and 
leather findings. 

Damon Trueman, groceries and provisions. 

Denney Joseph, furniture and undertaker. 

Dexter Asa A., city marshal and deputy- 

Donaldson Hiram W., groceries. 

Doty Lyman, tinware manufacturer. 

Dykes William, planing mill and sash, doors 
and blinds. 

Eastey Samuel, billiard saloon. 

Edwards Isaac, stone quarrier. 

Ernsting Henry, clothier. 

Express Agents, E. R. Allen & Co. 

Eyles Thomas, tailor. 

Felsenheld Morris, clothing. 

Fitch Ira H., leather, saddles and hardware, 

Foster William, baker and confectioner. 

Freeman James, boots and shoes. 

FULLER D. B. & CO., (Daniel B. F. and 

Judah Mead,) sash, blinds and door fact'y. 
Fuller E, Q., (Rev.,) pastor of the M. E. church, 
Gardner Wm., lumber dealer. 
Gassett Ellen Mrs., propr. Wilder Hotel. 
George & Merrill, (Alonzo G. and Ahira M.,) 

lumber dealers. 
Gilbert & Kemp, (Horace G. and John K.,) 


Gill Charles, propr. City Eagle Mills. 
Gillett S. C. & Co., drugs, books and stationery 
Gillett & Hinds, (Edward G. and James A. H.,) 

flouring mill. 
Gilson Isaac, coopering. 
Goodwin J. & Co., (Jeremiah and N, R, 

Goodwin,) hardware and tinware. 
Goldin Thomas, agt. for reapers and fruit. 
Guild Albert, dry goods. 
Hackney & Gardner, (Jeremiah H. & William 

G.,) lumber. 
Hance S. F., physician. 
Hanchet J. L., engineer and surveyor. 
Hanna & Sons, (Robert, John R. and James 

C.,) general store. 

"W. W. 

Piano Fortes, Mclodcons and Parlor Organ*. Wholesale 
and Retail, 141 take Street, Cnicago, 111. 





Harral Benjamin F., boots and shoes. 

Harvey Joel D., lawyer. 

Hattery Andrew J., bakery and grocery. 

ilawley John S., dry goods and carpeting. 

Henn Frank, shoemaker. 

Henoch Morris, clothing^ and merchant 

Hibbard A. G. (Rev.,) pastor of the Universa- 

list Church. 
Hicks A., blacksmith. 
Higgins George, physician and surgeon. 
Hirsh L. & Co., (Leon H. and Simon Alschu- 

ler,) dry goods. , 

Holmes James S., druggist. 
Hopkins & Stiles, (Thomas S. H. andAncel C. 

S.,) livery. 

HqughlraA., photographic artist. 
Ho well Orin D., physician. 
Hubbard George B., (Rev.,) pastor New Eng- 
land Congregational Church. 
HUNTOON EDWARD D., prop. Huntoon 


Eurd David W., drugs and book. 
Innis & Reader, (Peter I. and Daniel L. R.,) 

merchant tailor. 

-Jaesoy Adelia B., Mrs., millinery and dress- 

-Jenks Albert, books and stationery. 
J'enks Joel, livery. 
JOHNSTON CHARLES P.. clerk, Court of 

Common Pleas. 
Keith & Snell, (Samuel L. K. and Thomas S.,) 

wagon and carriagemaker. 
Kemp John, harnessmaker. 
Kilbourne Everett H., dentist. 
Lewis Lawrence, cigars and tobacco. 
Jaes Nicholas, grocery. 
Light Mary S., Mrs., boarding house. 
Lindsley & Day, (William L. and Truman H. 

D.,) boots and shoes. 
Litti Anton, boots and shoes. 
Loser & Go.,. (Anton L. and Adam Slaker,) 


McCollum George, wagonmaker. 
JiIcFarland Murry, clothing. 
McGuire Frank, clerk, W. W. Baker. 
McLallen & Brown, (William H. McL. and 

Albert M. B.,) groceries. 
McMicken W. & Co., (William and William 

S. McM.) 

Manning William J., dry goods. 
March Charles, meat market. 
Mason Horace G., (Rev.,) pastor Firat Baptist 


Mazuray Jean, lock smith. 
Killer Crist., boot and shoemaker. 
Miller Jacob, tobacconist. 
Miller & Pease, (Holmes M. and Job* H. P.,) 

dry goods. 
Miller & Sons, (Charles K, George B. and John 

C.,) blacksmiths. 
15ILES MASON M., physician. 
MILES OREN E., wagons and carriages. 
1IIX & MILLER, (Russel C. M. and William 
H. M.,) bankers. 

MIX & PLUM, (Russel C. M.,' and William 
V. P.,) grain merchants. 

National Bank, Ira A. Fitch, cashier, John Van 
Nortwick, president. 

Newmann Frederick, hardware and crockery. 

Palmer Alonzo C., street commissioner. 

Parks Benj. F., lawyer. 

Philips & Bros., (Travis, Isaac W. and Van W.) 

PLAIN JOHN, grocery. 


Pratt De Witt C., photographic artist. 

Quereau George W., principal cerk, seminary. 

Reed John, furniture dealer and manufacturer. 

Reed Julia A., Mrs., photographic artist. 

Reed T. & J., (Thompson and Jackson,) billi- 
ard hall. 

Reeves & Carter, (L. A. R, and R. L. C., foun- 
dry and machine shop. 

Reising & Newmann, (John R. and Frederick 
N.,) crockery and hardware. 

RISING JOSEPH, boots and shoes. 

Rising & Simmons, (Leonard R. and Nathan 
S.,) boots and shoes. 

Risey John, crockery and hardware. 

Robertson William A., gun smith. 

Roe & Howell, (Cromwell S. R. and Isaac M. 
H. lumber dealers. 

Roswell McAllister, propr. Aurora House. 

Royal Chas. W., agricultural implements. 

RUSSELL WM., hardware and crockery. 

Ruste Samuel, druggist. 

Searles A. E., attorney at law. 

Shedd & Bro., (Augustus and Ezra T.,) restau- 

Sherer William T., groceries. 

Slosson Daniel, propr. Empire House. 

Smith Isaac P. broom factory. 

Standt & Karl, (John N. S. and John H. K.,) 

Stewart Sarah Miss., millinery. 

Stockwell David W., general store. 

Stolls John, tailor. 

STOLP JOSEPH G., propr. of woolen mill. 

Sl-olp & Woodman, (Henry S. and Ira W.,) 
meat market. 

Strong Edward M., photographic artist. 

Tanner & Rice, (William A. T. and Fordyce B. 
R.,) hardware. 

TAYLOR JOHN W., fruit and confectionery 

Terry Richard, harnessmaker, hides and pelts. 

Terry & Stickle, (Elias D. T. and Thompson 
S.,) marble dealers. 

Terwilliger & Howell, (Albert R. T. and Wil- 
liam H.,) groceries and provisions. 

Thompson John H., boots and shoes. 

Titsworth L. & Son, (Lewis & John N.,) hard- 

TOWN HENRY B., drugs and stationery. 

TRASK BROS.. (Edwin W. and Ozell.,) jew- 

Trask& Morse, (Edward W. T. and John M.,) 
watches and jewelry. 

Traugh & Co., (Albinus L. and M. G. Traugh,) 
yankee notions. 

Traver Theodore H., newspapers. 

BfHEEIiER A WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
A eo. R. Ohittenden, General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, Minn. & N. Indiana. 




and Jerome B. J.,) jewelry. 

Van Lie w Fred H., physician. 

Van Nortwick Henry F., justice of the peace. 

Volentine & Lawrence, (Daniel V. and W. L.,) 
dry goods and groceries. 

Warner Orin H. ; photographic artist. 

Watson Matilda'M. Mrs., millinery. 

Wagner Leander R., lawyer. 

WELCH & WILCOX, (Henry W. jr. and A. 
W.,) groceries and provisions. 

Welter Peter, boots and shoes. 

Wheaton & Brown, (Charles W. and Sewall 
W. B.,) lawyers. 

Wilkie Charles. M., dentist. 

Williams George W., druggist. 

Williams Thomas C., furniture. 

Williams & Bro., (Thos. C. and Jno. S.,) furni- 
ture dealers and mnfrs. 

Winslow Lawson A., physician. 

Wilson John J., dentist. 

Woodworth Jacob, physician. 

Wolford John, hats, caps and furs. 

YELDHAM WILLIAM H., locksmith. 

Young D. W., physician. 


A postoffice in Beaucoup township, Jackson 
county, about 320 miles from Chicago, via 
De Soto, on the Illinois Central Railroad. 


A postoffice in Guilford township, Jo Da- 
viess county, about ten miles south-west of 


A township and post village in Clinton 
county, about thirty-five miles east of St. 
Louis, via Ohio and Mississippi Railway. 


An incorporated village, situated in the 
north-west corner of Fulton county, on the 
line of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy 
Railroad, 180 miles south-west from Chicago, 
and about 200 miles from St. Louis, Missouri, 
thereby making it a central point for market- 
ing both north and south. 

It was first settled by four brothers, by the 
name of Woods, in the year 1836, soon after 
which a post-office was established. 

It has now a population of ahout 900, and 
contains two churches, two high schools, a 
lodge of Good Templars, Rose of Sharon, 
No. 163 ; 7 dry goods stores, three flouring 
mills, with a capacity of 150 barrels per day, 
etc. Is surrounded by good farming and 
grazing lands on the west, south and east, 
while it is skirted on the north by the timber 
lands of Cedar Creek, at a distance of 
miles, in the bluffs of which are found bitu- 
minous and cannel coal, together with an 
abundant supply of building stone. The 
shipment of live stock from this place will 

compare favorably with that of any other sta- 
tion on the line of this Railroad, while its 
situation and natural facilities are not sur- 
passed by any of its neighboring towns. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Barrett <fe Ransom, (Edward P. B., and Andrew 

J. R.,) drugs, groceries, notions, etc. 
Bennett & Jeffries, (Henry L. B., and A. J.,) 

proprs. Novelty Flouring Mills. 
Blakesly E. M. Miss, principal select school. 
Bliss Epraim T., photographist. 
Bliss Royal, meat market. 
Brown & Stanard, coal miners and dealers. 
Burdyne Nathaniel, woodturner. 
Case Samuel, painter. 
Cashan James, coal miner and dealer. 
Churchill James M., general store. 
Crabb Thomas, carpenter. 
CUNNINGHAM & HEWITT, (Isaac C., and 

Leander H. H.,) general store. 
Drake N., meat market. 
Foster Sylvester, drugs, groceries, notions, 

Goodspeed & Son, (Stephen and Jerome W.,) 


Grinnell Aaron S., principal graded school. 
Hatfield Asa, boot and shoemkr. 
Head Madison, justice of the peace. 
HORTON L. A. MRS., milliner. 
HORTON SAMUEL A., propr. Avon Hotel 

and livery stable. 

KENNELLY ROBERT, blacksmith. 
Kerr Edwin R., agt. C. B. &. Q. R. R., and 

American Express. 

Kershaw James, coal miner and dealer. 
McCluhan Charles W., physician and surgeon. 
McFarland Alexander B., carriage and wagon 

Mantania & Bays, (William J. M., and Enos 

W. B.,) saddle and harnessmkr. 
Mauvais Henrie, cabinetmkr. 
Merrill F. H. & Co., (Frederick H. M. t and 

Alfred Oaborn,) general store. 
Mummey John, blacksmith. 
Nichols Albert K., carpenter. 
Ragon Bailey, physician and general store. 
Rose and Stevens, (Silas R., and Nelson B. 

S.,) saw mill. 

Rose William H., propr. Unioa Mills. 
Rowe J. J., physician. 
Schnarr Adam, boot and shoemkr. 
Seal William, carpenter. 
Simmons George, carpenter 
SMALL DAVID H., general store and furni- 

and*William S. C.,) saddle and harness- 


Stump David M., blacksmith. 
Thorpe John W., mason and bricklayer. 
Tompkins Gilbert, postmaster. 
TOMPKINS STEPHEN, general store and 

propr. Prairie State Mills. 
Townsend Robert W., general store. 
TRACY CLAUDIUS B., hardware, stoves, 

tinware, and agricultural implements. 
VanDerveer William T., notary public. 

W. W. KlIUBALL, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs. Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 fcafce Street, Chicago, 111. 






and Oliver C., grain, produce, andlumbe 


Wiard Rollin, carriage and wagonmkr. 
Wright Daniel N., millwright. 

Babcock's Grove. 

A postvillage of DuPage county, in York 
township, twenty miles fiom Chicago on th 
Galena and Chicago Union Railway. 

Baden Baden. 

A postvillage of Bond county about 40 miles 
north-east from St. Louis. Merchandise is 
received from Chicago via the Illinois Centra 
Railroad. Three mails per week are received 
It has one church. Population, 150. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Esleman & Cifreit, (Christian E., and J. C.,; 

boot and shoemkrs. 
Fisher Simon, wagonmkr. 
Gulich Andrew J., general store. 
Haberer Adam, saw and flour mill. 
Hawley Milton, attorney. 
McDonah James B., physician. 
Miller A., wagonmkr. 
Potts Henry, hotel. 
Simmonds Edward, blacksmith. 
Weber Henry, blacksmith. 


A small post village in Foreston township, 
north-west corner of Ogle county, on the Illi- 
nois Central Railway, about twenty-five miles 
from Dunleith, 


A township and post village of Williamson 
county, 320 miles from Chicago, via Carbon- 
dale, on the Illinois Central Railroad. 


A postoffice in Stratton township, Edgar 


A postoffice in Douglas township, Saline 


*A postoffice in Stratton township, north- 
east corner of Whiteside county. 


This is a small village situated in the town- 
ship of Macomb, McDonough county, on the 
line of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy 
Railroad, over which road goods are received 
from Chicago, distant 201 miles, and from St. 
Louis, 230 miles. 

There are two churches, Methodist and 
Presbyterian* Population, 300. T. J. Creel, 
postmaster. ' 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Clugstone D. A., physician. 

Creel Thomas J., general store. 

Duncan Benjamin, boot and shoemkr. 

Evans David B., grain dealer. 

Gordan William, blacksmith. 

Hindmaii David, cooper. 

Hindman Letitia Miss, milliner. 

Jackson William H., (Rev.) Methodist. 

Jones Columbus A., dry goods. 

Jones Nathan B., grocery. 

Jones T. T., physician. 

Leach John, blacksmith. 

Mabee T. D., ins. agt. 

Mullin Henry C., (Rev.) Presbyterian. 

Parvin S. R., boot and shoemkr. 

Rabbitt Thomas, carriage and wagonmkr. 

Russell Asa., live stock dealer. 

Smith B. F., saw and flour mill. 

Turney Andrew T., hotel. 


A postoffice in Nunda township, McHenry 

Barrington Station. 

A post village of Barrington township in 

the north-west part of Cook county, situated 

on the C. & N. W. R. R., 31 miles from Chi- 
cago. It has two churches, Baptist and 

Methodist, also a lodge of Good Templars. 

Population, 600. S. M. Smith, postmaster. 
Professions, Trades, etc. 

Beach Gordon S., blacksmith. 

Beverly P., (Rev.) Methodist. 

Blank James, wagonmkr. 

Breemer H. K, propr. Barrington House. 

Burbank W. M., physician. 

Bute L. H., attorney at lawl 

"ampbell L. M., (Rev.) Methodist, 
hase & Collins, (Ira J. C., and Jokn C.,) 

Cosmann John, saloon, 
reet James, blacksmith. 

Dunn C., boot and shoemkr. 

Mend & Bro., (F. & E.,) general store. 

lermindinger H., harnessmkr. 

lowarth A., saloon. 
Howey H., (Rev.) Baptist. 
Kellogg Y., (Rev.) Methodist. 

jambert Helen M. Mrs., milliner. 

Hclntosh M. B., lumber, and ins. agt. 
Matz 0., blacksmith. 

Hiller James, physician. 
Hiller Minerva P. Mrs., milliner. 

Hoddy John, general store. 

'arker S. P., druggist, 
rund Bros., clothiers. 

lichardson D. R., general store. 
Sinnott & Bro., (John and Edward,) general 


Skinner D. S., boot and shoemkr. 
soule R., (Rev.) Methodist. 

Tandelwalker John, blacksmith. 

Villmarth H., ins agt. 

immerman Jacob, saloon. 

WHEELER. & WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 
Geo. R. Chtttenden, General Agent for III., Wis., Iowa, Minn. & N. Indiana. 





Barr's Store. 

A township and postoffice in the north-west 
part of Macoupin county. 


A township and post town of Pike county, 
situated on a high, rolling prairie, in the 
centre of one of the best farming regions of 
the State. It is twelve miles from the 
Mississippi River, and thirty miles south-east 
from Quincy. The Pike 'County Railroad, 
(not jet completed) passes within a fourth of 
a mile of the town. 

There is a large woolen factory, two flour- 
ing mills, a plow manufactory, and four saw 

Merchandise is received here via the Chi- 
cago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad from 
Chicago, distant 296 miles. A daily mail is 
received here. 

There are four church edifices and six reli- 
gious denominations, Baptist, Methodist, Con- 
gregation,alist, Christian, Universalist, and 
Second Advent, also a Masonic Lodge, for 
which a brick Jjuilding is in process of erec- 
tion. Population, 1,200. Abraham C. Holem- 
beak, postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc, 

Allen Charles, confectioner. 

Angle Lewis, banker and general store. 

Arnett John, carpenter. 

Askew Levi, cooper. 

Baker Alfred C., physician. 

Bright William, saloon. 

Brown Laurison H., carpenter. 

Brown & McTucker, flour mill. 

Burke Alexander, boot and shoemkr. 

Burke Sarah, milliner. 

Caldwell T. M., (Rev.) Baptist. 

Galloway Lewis C., physician. 

Carsell John, grocer. 

Chamberlain John D., clothing. 

Churchill E. F., mason. 

Clark George W., carpenter. 

Cloyd F. M., wagonmkr. 

Craig Malvina E., milliner. 

Crawson Daniel, carpenter. 

Davis C. & S., general store. 

Day Abbey, milliner. 

DeHaven Leah Mrs., Barry Hotel. 

Emmerson Osby, wagonmkr. 

Frike Christopher, cooper. 

Gay John, carpenter. 

Goodale Jackson, blacksmith. 

Gorton T. A., general store. 

Gray Benton T., carpenter. 

Gray Eugene, general store. 

Gray Schuyler, carpenter. 

Grubb Alfred, attorney. 

Grubb John P. & Co., (Oliver H. Perry, 
George Wike, Edwin Crandall, and De- 
Witt Greene,) woolen factory. 

Harvey George, news dealer, 
i Harvey Lewis, Buck Eye Hotel. 
' Hildebrant William, cabinetmkr. 
I; Hobbs David, (Rev.) Christian. 

Holembeak Abraham C., merchant tailor. 
Holembeak & Jones,(Abraham H., and Thomas 

J.,) harnessmkrs, 
Howe Isaac G., wagonmkr. 
Howland P. E., grocer. 
Hewlett Robert W., machinist. 
Jackson Andrew, confectioner. 
Jackson Calvin, photographist. 
Jasper George T., druggist. 
Johnson James W., physician. 
Kinney Theodore, druggist. 
Klein Joseph, attorney and real estate agt. 
Long George H., physician. \ < 

Mclntire Joseph, cooper. 
Margo George, carpenter. 
Mitchell William T., carpenter. 
Ottawa Frederick, boot and shoemkr. 
Parker Philander M., dentist. 
Phennegar Solomon, mason. 
Rippey Joseph, carpenter. 
Rossiter William P,, carpenter. 
Swell John J., ins. agt. 
Shields William P., flour mills. 
Spink Isabell, milliner. 
Smith James, cabinetmkr. 
St. John Richard, blacksmith. 
Sweet & Malony, (John S., and John M.,) 

general store. 

Taylor William H., (Rev.) Methodist. 
Terry James L., carpenter. 
Ware Isaac, saloon. 
Warendoff Henry, cabinetmkr. 
Warriner Robert D., (Rev.) Second Advent, 

and jeweler. 

Watson Agnes Mrs., boot and shoemkr. 
White John, cooper. 

White William F., hardware and ins. agt. 
Wight Abijah, mason. 

Williams George W., (Rev. ) Congregatioualist. 
Woods Thomas, blacksmith. 
Yancey James L., blacksmith. 


A post village in Bear Creek township, 
Hancock county, about 243 miles from Chi- 
cago, via Plymouth, on the Chicago, Burling- 
ton and Quincy Railroad. 


A pleasantly located village of Kane county, 
containing a population of about 2,000. The 
first settler here was Christopher Payne, in 
the year 1833. Immigration commenced in 
the following year, and this point became at- 
tractive to many, among whom may b men- 
tioned Mr. Latham, Col. Lyon, Messrs. Vande- 
venter, Howe, McKee and Risk, E. S. Town, 
Wm. Van Norfcwick, John Van Nortwick and 
J. W. Churchill, Esqrs. 

This village is situated on rising ground, on 
both sides of the Fox River, which, at this 
place, furnishes most excellent advantages of 
water power. The railroad connecting Aurora 
at the Junction, on the G., & C. U. R. R., 
passes through the place, and the Dixon Air 
Line about three miles north of it. It has 

W. W. KimiBALL. Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs. Wholesale 
and Ketail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 






five churches and two large and elegant pub- 
lic school buildings. 

A very large paper mill is located in this 
village, which manufactures, by a patented 
process, an excellent quality of print paper 
from straw, together with the usual styles of 
rag paper. A large carriage manufactory, 
two flour mills, a saw mill, several lime kilns, 
and numerous mechanical shops are also lo 
cated here. A very beautiful species of cream- 
colored limestone, extensively used for build- 
ing purposes, is quarried in the vicinity, and 
is largely shipped to different parts of the 
State. There is an excellent hotel, together 
with several stores, etc. Distance from Chi- 
cago, 35 miles west. 

Professions, Trades, etc* 

BATES JONATHAN L., proprietor Revere 


Berberich Joseph, meat market. 
BUCK FRANCIS H., general store. 
Burton George, furniture mnfr. and dealer. 
Burton Joseph, grocery and meat market. 
Burroughs L. M., physician. 
Capen Ephraim, watchmkr. and photographer. 
COLTON AARON, harness maker. 
Condy Cornelius B., wagon maker. 
Dean Miles B., druggist and grocer. 
Derby & Barker, (James D. and L. P. B.,) 

stone quarry. 

Driver Henry W., (homoeo.,) physician. 
Eddy James W., attorney at law. 
Ford Henry L., shoemaker. 
Fowler George W., general store. 
Gregg Phoebe Mrs., milliner. 
Gregg William, blacksmith. 
Hall 0. B., tailor. 
Hemmann August, saloon. 
Hoag John T., bookkeeper at paper mill. 
Houck Marvin P., livery stable. 
HOWLANDS & CO., paper manufacturers. 
Huntley A. L., stone quarry and lime kiln. 
Isham F. E. Mrs., dressmaker. 
Kemp Milo M., hardware. 
King Frederick, shoemaker. 
Liebald Charles, butcher. 
Lord Israel S. P., physician. 
Lyons John, livery stable. 
McKee Joel, stone quarry. 
McKee & Moss (Joel McK. and George B. M.,) 

flour mill. 

Merrill Allen N., iron founder. 
Moore Thomas C., attorney at law. 
Myett Francis, saloon. 
Newton Emory, tailor. 
Newton & Co., heavy wagon mnfra. 
Pierce George B., saloon. 
Revere House, Jonathan L. Bates, propr. 
Rollins James, shoemaker. 
Russell William, blacksmith. 
Bhumway Charles, hardware. 
SMITH BENJAMIN, dentist and patentee of 

Smith's Reaper. 
Smith Edward S., ins. and (Am.) express agt. 

and stationer. 

.'Stebbins S., grocery and crockery. 
Stewart William, (col'd,) barber. 

Tomle Ole M., furniture dealer. 

Town E. S. & Co., flour mill. 

Van Nortwick William M., general store. 

Way Silas, grocery. 

Whipple Joseph, stone quarry and county 


Williams C. H., physician and coroner. 
WILSON ORSAMUS, justice of the peace and 

notary public. 
Wood John W., painter. 
Woodruff , wagon maker. 
Wright & Parker (Charles A. W. and Edward 

J. P.,) drugs and groceries. 


A small pest village in Island Grove town- 
ship, Sangamon county, on the Great Western 
Railway, thirteen miles south-west of Spring- 


A township and post village in Mason 
county, situated on the Peoria, Pekin & Jack- 
sonville Railway, and on Illinois River. Dis- 
tance from Chicago 200, and from St. Louia 
160 miles. Merchandise is received from 
Chicago via C. & R. I. R. R. and the Illinois 
River. It contains three churches, Christian, 
Methodist and Presbyterian, four general stores, 
one flour mill, two hotels and several mechanic 
shops. It has two societies, Bath Lodge, I. 
0. 0. F. and Sons of Temperance. Popula- 
tion. 1,200. There are two villages, Matan- 
zas and Moscow, in the township, where there 
are postoffices. Postmaster, Franklin H. Pat- 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Berry William S., boot and shoe dealer. 

Breeden Lewis, grocer. 

Brush Cain T., mere int tailor. 

Bunton Francis, Carpenter. 

Cragg Samuel, flour mill. 

Eble Louis, boot and shoemaker. 

Field Amelia D., propr. Cottage Home. 

Gogle Frederick, wagon maker. 

Havighorst Gerard, general store. 

Kemper Thomas J., carpenter. 

Lampton James M., harness maker. 

Martin John A., wagon maker. 

Morrow & Bro., (John A. and George W.,) 

general store. 

Neff & Sorder, (Pias N. and Casper S.,) grocers. 
Neiderer John C., propr. Mansion House. 
Nelms John E., general store. 
O'Neil Harvey, physician. 
Pegram Augustus, carpenter. 
Rains John A., (Rev.,) Christian. 
Randolph Charles E., insurance agent. 
Reichtman Charles, physician. 
Rupert S. B. & Co., general store. 
Tankenly William B., attorney at law. 
Town B. C. S. & Son, druggists. 
Wright James, carpenter. 

WHEELER & WILSON'S Sewing machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Geo. It . Cliittendcu, General Agent for 111., \Vis., Iowa, 2Hinn. &. N. Indiana. 





Bay City, 

A postoffice in Jefferson township, Pope 
county, on the Ohio River. 


A thriving city and the capital of Cass 
county, is situated on the left bank of the 
Illinois River, 139 miles north of St. Louis, 
Mo., and 92 miles south of Peoria, and has a 
population of 3,000, It was settled about the 
year 1825, by Thomas Beard, and, growing 
rapidly, it was, for many years, the most im- 
portant grain and meat shipping market be- 
tween St. Louis and Chicago. It is situated 
upon a high sandy bank, surrounded by rich 
bottom lands, highly cultivated. It is upon a 
railroad in course of construction, connecting 
it with St. Louis and Rock Island. It has, on 
either side of the river, immense beds of bitu- 
minous coal, and large quantities of timber, 
which, together with the productions of its 
rich bottom lands, form its principle articles 
of export upon the Illinois River. 

The principal buildings consist of a court 
house, public school, and eight church edi- 
fices, two flouring mills, two saw mills, one 
iron foundry, and three hotels, one of which, 
the Park House, is one of the best in the 
State. There is one weekly newspaper pub- 
lished here, TJie Centred- lltinoisan. 

Tue general appearance of Beardstown is 
far above the average of river towns. Many 
of its business houses are of large size, modern 
style, and built of brick The streets are wide 
atid well shaded with trees. The dwelling 
houses are generally neat and cottage like, 
surrounded ith beautiful gardens and lawns, 
while some of them are noted for the elegance 
and refined taste of their structure. Stages 
connect it with railroads at Jacksonville, a 
distance of 25, and Springfield, 45 miles, and 
a line of packets arrive and depart daily, 
north and south. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Billing Horace, general store. 

Bohrman Jacob, Washington Brewery. % 

Butman John, watchmaker. 

Campbell W. P, propr. Virginia House. 

Carter EHphet S., dentist. 

Carter Thomas H., attorney at law. 

Chadsey H. C. & Bro., (Henry C. and John 

Q.,) g oceries and provisions, and poik 


Chase Edmund P., merchant tailor. 
Childs Marchy Miss, millinery. 
Crow & Leg<r, (Ira C. and James M. L.,) 

proprs. Nahout House. 
Dilley David C., county treasurer. 
Dowler Jeremiah R , physician. 
Driesbach Philip, saloon. 
Dummer H. E., attorney at law. 
Duubar Joseph S., county surveyor. 
Eberwein J. C. H., groceries and provisions. 
Elam Thomas, coroner. 
Emmons Sylvester, justice of the peace. 
Fish Ebene'xer, miller. 

Fisher Adam, shoemaker. 

Fisher Henry, shoemaker. 

Foster Hickman E,, lumber dealer. 

Foster H. T., ag'l irnpl'ts and seeds. 

Frauman George F., general store. 

Plahn G. & Co., (George P. and E. Norway,) 

For. and com. merchants and dry goods. 
Hagener William, lumber mer. 
Hammond & Seaman, (Franklin A. H. and' 

John W. S.,) livery stable. 
Harris & Garm, (John H. H. and Henry G.,) 

saw mill. 
Hill Allen J., county clerk. 
Holmyer Frank, school commissioner. 
Hoody James, blacksmith. 
Krope Frederick, grocer. 
Kuhl & Hemminghotise, (George Ri and Wil- 
liam H.,) dry goods. 
Kuhl. George, grain dealer and groceries. 
Lembergar J.ohn, tobacconist. 
Leonard & Bro., (Ebenezer and George,) dry 


Leonard J. C. & Co., bankers. 
McClure Joseph W., baker. 
Mann John, shoemaker. 
Mashmyer- John, harnessmaker. 
Maxwell & Bro., (Andrew D. and Robert,) 

boots and shoes. 
Menke Henry, druggist. 
Moehring George A., barber. 
Murry John, blacksmith. 
Nicholl John H., harnessmaker. 
Nicholson & Co., (John S. and Thomas B.,) 

dry goods and groceries. 
Noete & McClure, (George H. N. and James 

McC.,) hardware. 
Norton Charles F., tinsmith. 
Overall Isaac W., dry goods. 
Phillips Henry, circuit clerk. 
Pollard Garland, attorney at law. 
Read M. L. & Co., (Martin L. R., George H. 

Nolle and James McClure,) clothiers. 
Reary Francis H., county judge. 
Rearick & Bro., (Frederick and Jacob W.,) 

stoves and hardware. 

Reaves Logan U., publisher Central lUinohan. 
Rice & Maxwell, (Chauncy R. and E. R. M.,) 

drugs and books. 

Rose John W., wagon and plowmaker. 
Schmidt Caspar, cabinetmaker. 
Schmitt George J., saloon. 
Shaw J. Henry, attorney at law. 
Sielschott A. H., general store. 
Stadler John A., barber. 
Thompson John W., dry goods. 
Tread way & Bro., (Henry and John,) boots, 

shoes and leather. 
Weaver George W., saw mills. 
Webb & Co., (J. T. and J. M.,) Phoenix Work*. 
Whipp Sarah Miss., milliner. 
Whitrey D.ivid dentist. 
Wright James B., prop. Park House. 
Yeck Charles E., sheriff. 

Beaver Creek, 

A township and small post village in the 
southern part of Bond county. 

W. W. K1ITIBAJLI,, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and l&ctail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 






A township and postofflce in Boone county 


A postoffice in Beaver township, north-east 
corner of Iroquois county. 

Beck's Creek, 

A postoffice of Shelby county. 


A village of Montezuma township, in the 
south-east part of Pike county, on the west 
bank of the Illinois River, 250 miles from Chi- 
cago, and 95 miles from St. Louis. It is sit- 
uated on the highest land on the banks of this 
river, and is only one mile from as fine a prai- 
rie as there is in the State. The soil is a 
light loam, well adapted to wheat raising, 
quantities of which, rs well as corn and oats, 
are shipped from this point. 

There are two large warehouses here. The 
mills are all run by water power, derived from 
large springs, which supply water the year 
round. Two mails per week are received at 
this place. 

There is no church edifice. Methodist and 
Christian congregations hold services in the 
school house, a fine and well-arranged edifice. 
Population of village, 115. L. J. Frank, post- 

Professions, Trades* etc. 
Baker William H., carpenter. 
Canterbury Felix, general store. 
Chandler S. A., wool carding machine, and 

saw and flour mills. 
Davis Owen, (Rev.) 
Evans George W., mason. 
Frank L. J., grocer. 
Griffin L. W., carpenter. 
Miller Adam, hotel. 

Morrison Bros., (Jacob and James,) dry goods. 
Sargent William P., lumber. 
White John, cooper. 
Young Robert, general store. 


A postoffice in Henderson county. 


A postoffice in McHenry county. 

Belle Air, 

A post village in Northwest township 
Crawford county, about 17 miles west-north 
west of Hutsonville, on the Wabash River. 

Belle Plain, 

A township and post village in Marshal 
county, about 136 miles from Chicago, via th< 
Chicago and Rock Island, and Illinois Centra 

Belle Prairie, 

A small post village of Crouch township, in 
he northern part of Hamilton county. 


A township and postoffice in the northern 
>art of Calhoun countv, on Bay Creek, about 
hree miles from the Mississippi River. 


The city of Belleville is situated upon a 
;ently rising eminence near the centre of St. 
Jlair county, and is surrounded by one of the 
most fertile and productive regions in the 
State, from which it derives a great com- 
mercial business, and has become the largest 
city in Southern Illinois. 

The town was settled about the year 1800, 
and in 1814 became the capital of St. Clair 

The town was incorporated in 1819, and 
Decame an incorporated city in 1850. It is 
onnected with St. Louis, 16 miles distant, 
and the Mississippi River, by the St. Louis and 
Murfreysboro Railway, and a McAdamized 
road. These two speedy and cheap public 
roads have placed the city for business pur- 
poses on the bank of the river. Coal was 
discovered in the vicinity of Belleville, about 
the year 1820, but no coal mine was opened 
till 1825. Since that time it has been found 
that the whole southern part of the State is a 
coal field, and coal mining has become the 
most important business of this community. 
There are twenty-three coal mines worked 
near Belleville, and the average amount of 
coal conveyed daily to East St. Louis, is 16,- 
500 bushels. Adjacent to the city are vine- 
yards, to the amount of about 60 acres, for 
which the soil is well adapted. The new 
court house, completed here in 1862, at a 
cost of $100,000, is one of the finest in the 
State. Belleville ha.* free schools, where 
about 1,200 children are educated. A female 
academy has been recently established by the 
Roman Catholic Society. The building is 
large and commodious, three stories high and 
built of brick. The city contains one daily 
and five weekly newspapers, ten churches, 
with the usual variety of denominations, two 
banks, thirty-five stores, which are estimated 
to do a business of $400,000 yearly, four lum- 
ber yards, which do a business of $175,000, 
four steam flouring mills, which manufacture 
yearly about 400,000 barrels of flour, most of 
which is shipped directly east. Three large 
distilleries run day and night, four malt facto- 
ries manufacture $50,000 worth of malt yearly, 
and eight breweries produce 30,500 barrels of 
ale and beer. There are in the city about 
twenty hotels, seven large carpenter shops, 
ono woolen factory, thirteen wagon shops, and 
three carriage manufactories, two iron and 
brass foundries, three door and sash factories, 
and many other mechanic shops of different 
kinds. The health of the city is excellent, 

& WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street. Chicago, 111. 
Geo. J5. Cliittciuleu, Genera] Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, Minn. & N Indiana. 





and water abundant and pure. These, with 

coal, good soil, and wealthy agricnltural coun- 
try in all directions, must, in a few years, 

make Belleville a great manufacturing place. 

Population, 10,000. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Abeggs Louis, soda mnfr. 

ABEND & SPIES, (Joseph A. and August 
S.) clothing. 

ABERER GEORGE, restaurant. 

Albrecht Anton, blacksmith. 

Albrecht John, cooper. 

Anderson Abraham, propr. " Belleville Brew- 

Anderson Squire, coal shaft. 

Aneshaensel Charles, furniture manufacturer 
arid dealer. 

Applehans John P., shoemaker. 

Arns William^ saloon. 

Aulbach Adam, grocery. 

Bailey Mary Mrs., dressmaker. 

Baker Jehu, attorney at law. 

Baker Joseph, blacksmith. 

BAKER & THOMAS, (Nathaniel T. B. and 
John J. T.) druggists, stationers, etc. 

Baquet John, livery stable. 


BARNICKOL PETER, billiard saloon. 

Bauer Henry, soap, candle, and lard oil mnfr. 

Baumann George F., bakery. 

Baumann John, carpenter and builder. 

BECHTOLD FREDERICK, notary public 
and foreign express and passenger agent. 

Bechtold Philip G., bookbinder, stationer, and 
picture frame mnfr. 

BECHTOLD & CO. (Frederick B. and Fred- 
erick H. Pieper) war claim agents. 

Bell Alvareza, dealer in game and fish. 

publican,) F. M. Hawes, prop. See adv. 
p. xxxv. 

"Belleville Brewery," A. Anderson, propr. 

weekly,) Denlinger & Russell, proprs. 
(See advt p. xxxv.) 

"Belleville Gas Light Co.," Simon Eimen, 
pres., Frederick Rupuequet, sec. 

"BELLEVILLE HOUSE," Charles Lcepke, 

/ weekly, democratic,) Louis Hauck, propr. 

"BELLEVILLE ZEITUNG, ( weekly, repub- 
lican,) Frederick Rupp, propr., Dr. New- 
bert, editor. 

Berchelmann Adolph, physician. 

and William K.) druggists. 

Biernstiel John, shoemaker and dealer. 

Bieser Adam, harness maker. 

Bishop Jacob, meat market. 

Blum Adam, blacksmith. 

Bcettner William, manager " City Park The- 

Boneau Benjamin, attorney at law. 

Born Charles, boot and shoe mkr. and dealer. 

Bosch Frank A., saloon. 

Bosch Michael, saloon. 

Botz Frank, saloon. 

Brackett George W., attorney at at law. 

Brandenburger William, coal shafts. 

Brandt William, silk, cotton, and woollen 

Braun Ferdinand, propr. "North Belleville 

Braun John, saloon. 
Braunwarth Jacob, shoemaker. 
Brenner George, tailor. 
Brenner Karl, shoemaker. 
Bressler Caroline Mrs., milliner and dress 


BRUA HENRY, dry goods and groceries. 
Brunner Franz, saloon. 
Brutto Antoine, saloon. 
Burckhardt & Drees, (Herman B. and Charles 

D.) groceries, crockery, etc. 
BURTT THOMAS H., livery stable. 
CARTER MOSES W., dentist. 
CHAFFEE LUTHER, telegraph operator. 
Chandler S. B. & Co., (Samuel B. C., Albert 

G. Badgley, and Henry Abend,) general 


City Hall, s e cor. Main and High. 
CITY PARK THEATRE, W. Bcettner, propr. 
Coffee Peter, supt. Belleville Gas Light Co. 
" Court House," south side public square. 
COX B. MORGAN, attorney at law. 
Dauth Theodore, justice of the peace, police 

magistrate, notary public, etc. 
DEIDESHEIMER H. & CO., (Henry D. and 

Frederick W. Biebinger,) genera'l store. 
Denlinger & Russell, (William D. and Alexan- 
der B. R.,) publishers Belleville Democrat. 
Dennis John H., nursery. 
Deobald Charles, boot and shoemkr and dealer. 
Diehn John, shoemaker. 
Dietrich Louis, dry goods, groceries, etc. 
Dollus & Henkemeyer, tobacconists and cigar 


Druckenbrodt Peter, saloon. 
EBNER JOSEPH, billiard saloon. 
Eckerle J., soap and candle factory. 
Eimer Simon, propr. Washington Brewery. 
" Eimer's Hall," S. Eimer, propr. 
Ellermann Matthias, clothing. 
Elles Charles T., general store. 
Espenhain Christopher, groceries, dry goods, 


Eucker John, propr. Republican House. 
Farmers' Home," Jacob Noelkel, propr. 
Fernau August, tobacconist and cigar mnfr. 
Ferrenbach Michael, saloon and grocery. 
Feustel Robert, saloon. 
Fies Jacob, propr. Franklin House. 
" First Ward House," P. Riesenberger, propr. 
Flach Nicholas, merchant tailor. 

FLEMING EDWARD H., groceries, crock- 
ery, etc. 

Flittner Frederick, wagon maker. 
Frank Christopher Mrs., saloon. 

Franklin House," Joseph Fies, propr. 
Frederich & Vogel, shoemakers. 
Frick John, general store. 
Fritz George A., groceries, etc. 
Funck & Schwartz, blacksmiths. 

W. W. KIUfBALL, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs. Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 





Fuqua Mary A. Mrs., millinery and dressmkng. 

Gahr August, grocery. 

Galbraith John C., county sheriff. 

Gangelroth Philip, woollen factory. 

Gannon Michael, J., auctioneer. 

Gauss George, mnfr. of coverlids, carpets, etc., 
and dealer in wool and yarn. 

Gebber John, saloon. 

Geiss & Brosius, (Jacob G. and Jacob B.,) 
iron foundry and machine shop. 

George Henry, dry goods, groceries, etc. 

Georletz Charles, cigar maker. 

Gerhard Christian, meat market. 

Getz Leonard, harness maker. 

Glaning George, saloon. 

Gliia John, coal shaft. 

Joseph K.,) hardware, ag'l impl'ts, etc. 

Goeltz Louis, dry goods, groceries, etc. 

Green "Old Jo.," (col'd,) city crier. 

Grober Laurence, tailor. 

Gross Louis, harness maker. 

Gruenewald Christian, meat market. 

GRUENEWALD JOSEPH, mnfr. of guns, 
locks, malt-dryers, pumps, etc. 

GUNDELACH CHARLES, (homceo.,) physi- 

Haedorn Henry, bootmaker. 

Hallam Margaret Mrs., dressmaker. 

Hanses Joseph, lumber dealer. 

HARRISON MILLS, (flour,) H. Whitmore & 
Co., proprs. 

Harrison & Co., (Theophilus H. and William 
C. Buchanan,) mnfrs. of ag'l machinery. 

Hartleb Albert, watchmaker and jeweler, and 
dealer in toys, confectionary, etc. 

Hartman Theodore, Prof., teacher of music.. 

Harvey George A., mnfr. and dealer in wash- 
ing machines. 

Hasslenger Joseph, boot and shoemaker and 

HAUCK LOUIS, attorney at law, and editor 
Belleville Volksblat. 

HAWES FRANCIS M., propr. Advocate. 

Hay Henry C., attorney at law. 

Hay John B., state's attorney. 

Hay James Iff., attorney at law. 

Heberer T & Bros., brewery. 

HECKEL & KUNTZ, planing. 

HEIDINGER JACOB, saloon and bowling 

Heilmann Henry, lime dealer and wagon mkr. 

HEINRTCH OSCAR, lumber :xnd stave dealer. 

Heissenbottle Henry, groceries. 

Hemrrier John, groceries, etc. 

HENKE & WiLLMANN, (Henry H. and 
Henry W., tobacconists and cigar mnfrs. 

Hering Conrad, carpenter and builder. 

Herkert Frank, saloon. 

Herr Adam, meat market. 

Herr Franz, meat market. 

Herr Martin, boots and shoes. 


Himmijhoefer Fritz G., dry goods, groceries, 

Hinchcliffe John, pub. "Weekly Mmr and attor- 
ney at law. 

H1NCKLEY RUSSELL, banking house and 

flour mill. 

Hock John G., gas and steam fitter. 
Hoffman Charles G., boot and shoemaker and 


Hofmeister George, barber. 
HofmeUter Jacob, barber. 
Holbrook Henry, county surveyor. 
Hucke August C., baker and dealer in confec- 

HUFF LOUIS, propr. West Belleville Garden. 
HUFF WILLIAM, boot and shoemaker and 


Hughes John D., county judge. 
"ILLINOIS BREWERY," J. Klug, propr. 
" Institute of the Immaculate Conception," 

(under charge of the School Sisters of 

Notre Dame.) 

Jansen William, brick maker. 
Joerg Theodore, county coroner. 
Johnson William, cooper. 
Junior Louis, tannery. 
Kaemper Frederick, tobacconist and cigar 


Kanzler Charles, shoemaker. 
Kanzler Moritz, shoemaker. 
KARR ADAM, leather, findings, saddlery, 

hardware, boots arid shoes. 
Karr Peter, general store. 

EASE BROTHERS, (Spencer M. and Wil- 
liam G.,) attorneys at law. 

Kassebaum & Wacker, wagon mkrs. and black- 

KAUB CASPER, stoves and tinware, and 
mnfr. of tin, copper and sheet iron ware. 

Kaufman Peter, saloon. 

Kaysing Henry, feed and flour. 

Kaysing Otto, meat market. 

Keil Adam, stoves and tinware. 

Kelley George, notary public. 

KESSLER PETER & SON, (Jacob,) stoves 
and tinware, and mnfrs. of tin, copper and 
sheet iron ware. 

KIMBALL GUSTAVUS F., phonographic re- 

Kirkpatrick Joseph J., carpenter and builder. 

Kissel Andrea, blacksmith. 

Kissell Valentine, saloon. 

KLOSTERMANN WILLIAM, general store. 

Klug John, propr Illinois Brewery. 

Knispel , physician. 

Kobala Michael, groceries. 

Koeninger Joseph, propr. Napoleon Tavern. 

Kohl Joseph, saloon. 

Koska Louis, general store. 

KRAFFT THEODORE J., attorney at law. 

Krasmann Frank, tinsmith. 

Kreuter John, meat market. 

Kreuter Philip, saloon. 

Kribben Joseph C. & Co., (George A. Harvey,) 
real estate and collection agents. 

Krost Matthias E., saloon. 

Kuebler John, gun and locksmith. 

Kuhn Frederick, boot and shoemkr and dealer. 

Laeuffert Jacob, saloon. 

Lehr Jacob, hats and caps. 

Leobold Joseph, blacksmith and saloon. 

PHE^LEU & WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Geo. IS. Cllilteiiden. <;< n< r:il v<>-iit for 111.. Wis.. Io\ si. ITIinn. A' TV. Indiana. 





Lill Louis, saloon. 

Lill Peter, wagonmkr. 

Linn William H., dry goods. 

Loepke Charles, propr. Belleville House. 

Loeser & Fuchs, propr. Star Brewery, 

Lorey William, hardware, groceries, etc. 

Ludwig John W., carriagemnfr. 

Luppseinger Joseph, tinsmith. 

Maier Jacob, bakery and saloon. 

MARET PHILIP, watchmkr and jeweler. 

Marie John H., teacher of book keeping. 

Martin Bernard, meat market. 

Martin Joseph, meat market. 

Marx John, harnessmkr. 

Maurer & Stolts, (Jacob M., and Francis S.,) 
hardware stores. 

Maus John, propr. National Hotel. 

MAJOR'S EXPRESS CO., (Belleville and St. 
Louis See advt. p. xxxv.) 

Major John P., (Major's Express Co.) 

Mayor George, wagonmkr. 

MEISTER JACOB, flour mill, grocery, etc. 

Meister Philip, carpenter and builder. 

Melcher Rufus, carpenter and builder. 

Merck Charles, bakery. 

Merz Philip, blacksmith. 

Meyer Amelia Miss, milliner. 

Meyer Donut, blacksmith. 

Meyer Jacob, merchant tailor, and dealer in 

Meyer Theodore, physician. 

Miller H. M., station agt. Belleville R. R. 

Miners Arms, (hotel,) R. Shevels, propr. 

Moehlman Frederick, agricultural impl. mnfr. 

Mohr Peter, blacksmith. 

Mueller Jacob, barber shop and saloon. 

Mueller Joseph, tinsmith. 

Mueller Theodore, harnessmkr. 

MULLEN J. K. & BRO., (Justus K., and Alex- 
ander H.,) painters. 

Murray Daniel H., groceries. 

Murray John, lumber. 

Nagel Henry, grocer. 

Napoleon Tavern, Joseph Kceningcer, propr. 

National Hotel, John Maus, propr., s. w. cor. 
public square. 

NEFF LAYTON S., photographer. 

Neu & Gintz, (Philip N., and Peter G.,) props 
Western Brewery. 

Neubert Charles, physician, (homce.) 

Neuhaus & Hock, (Frederick N., and Frank 
H.,) merchant tailors. 

Niles Nathaniel, attorney at law. 

North Belleville Distillery, Ferdinand Braun, 

O'Hara William, dentist. 

Odd Fellows' Hall, cor. High and 1st North. 

Opp Henry, blacksmith. 

Oster William, general store. 

Padfield Hiram, propr. Thomas House, cor. 
Main and High. 

PALME CHARLES, mayor of city, and vine- 
gar mnfr. 

PENN WORDEN P., mnfr. and dealer in 
agricultural machines. 

PENSONEAU & LA CROIX, (Augustus P., 
and Rene M. LaC.,) general store. 

Perry John, broommkr. 

Ferryman J. L., physician. 

Pfeiffer Andreas, saloon. 

P lillips Samuel, sawmill. 

Pieper Frederick H., U. S. Collector. 

Pitthan & Barrel, (Valentine R. P., and Louis 

B.,) wholesale rectifiers, distillers nud 

dealers in wines, liquors, cigars, etc. 
Porter Joseph M., justice of the peace and 

police magistrate. 

Priester Frederick, propr. St. Clair House. 
PRIMM ALEXANDER T., books, periodicals, 

paper hangings, fancy goods, etc. 
PrimmEnooh W., ins. agt. 
Primm House, Aram Primm, propr., cor High 

and Main. 

Puderer Jacob, propr. Southern Exchange. 
Raib Philip, coal shaft and saloon. 

Railroad House, Dollisch, propr. 

Rail James M., general store. 
Randegger John, tinsmith. 
Rebel Peter, meat market. 
Reiss Frederick, barber. 
Reitz John, tinshop and saloon. 
Renner Jacob, barber. 

Rentchler Jacob B., mnfr. and dealer in agri- 
cultural implements. 
Republican House, J. Eucker, propr. 
Reuss Ferdinand A., propr. Belleville Star 

Rhein V. & Co., (Valentine and Nicholas,) 

merchant tailors and dealers in clothing. 
RIEGER PHILIP H. & CO., groceries. 
Riesenberger Peter, dealer in furniture, also 

propr. First Ward House. 
Roman Horace H., physician. 
Romeis Michael, meat market. 
Rothgangel Philip, dry goods, etc. 
Rubach Ferdinand, physician. 
Rudolph William F., millinery and fancy 


Runde Louis, lumber. 
Rupp Frederick, propr. Zeitung. 
Ruppel Nicholas, blacksmith. ' 
Rusch Frederick, .physician. 
RUSCH & FEICKERT, (Frederick R.. and 

William F.,) druggists. 
RYAN JOHN N., photographer and mnfr. 

Excelsior Water Drawer. 
RYAN& COBB, photographers. 
Saal Peter, wagonmkr. 

Sandherr Henry, dry goods, boots and shoes. 
Sattler Jacob, blacksmith. 
Sattler Peter, wagonmkr, and dealer in lime, 


Schaadt John S., blacksmith. 
Schaefer William, tailor. 
Schsefer Charles, saloon. 
Scheel John, U. S. Assessor. 
Scheffertacker George, blacksmith. 
Schellmann John, saloon and groceries. 
Schlernitzauer Andre, groceries, flour and 


SCHLETH HENRY, general store. 
Schlorer Adam, shoemkr. 
Sohlupp Jacob, saloon. 
Schmid Daniel, saloon. 

W. W. KIHEBALL, Piano Fortes, Ittelodcoiis and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 JLake Street, Chicago, 111. 





Schmidt George, boot and shoemkr, and 

Schmidt Philip, shoemkr. 

Schneidewind Edward, shoemkr. 

Schopp Jacob, saloon. 

Schopp John, saloon. 

Schott Charles, furniture. 

Schott's Michael, shoemkr. 

Schwangerk Samuel, coal shaft. 

Schubert Cornelius, photographer. 

Schuchard Ernst, cigarmkr. 

SCHUCK PHILIP, rectifier and whol. dealer 
in liquors, wines, cigars, etc. 

Schumert Antony, tailor. 

Schwarzenbach Frederick, shoemkr. 

Seellman John, tinsmith. 

Serb George, saloon. 

Seitz Charles, saloon. 

Shevels Robert, propr. Miner's Arms. 

Shieck Godfrey, boots and shoes, etc. 

Siefert J. Henry, saloon. 

Skellett William, saloon. 

SLADE JAMES P., principal High School. 

Snyder William H., attorney at law. 

SORG JOHN and EDWARD, furniture mnfrs. 
and dealers. 

" Southern Brewery," M. Villinger, propr. 

Puderer, propr. . 

Spies Charles, saloon. 

" Star Brewery," Loeser & Fuchs, proprs. 

Starck Anna Mrs., saloon. 

STAUDER JOHN A., groceries and saloon. 

Stauder Nicholas, saloon. 

" St. Clair Carriage Co.," C. J. Stebbins, man- 

" St. Clair Foundry," mnf 'y of ag'l implements, 
Geiss & Brosius, proprs. 

" ST. CLAIR HOUSE," Frederick Priester, 

propr., cor. Main and Spring. 

CO.," R. C. Hilgard, cashr., Edward 

Abend, prest., Main. (See adv't, p. xxxv.) 
Stolberg Bros., coal miners, south of city. 
Stolbz William, meat market. 
Stollberg H. G., genl. agt. and collector. 
Stoltz Frank, auctioneer. 
Stoltz Jacob, general store. 
Stuart Wm. H., of " Major's Express." 
Studer Joseph, boot and shoe mnfr. and dealer. 
Stuebinger Henry, carpenter and builder. 
Sutler Jacob, groceries. 
Swyer F. M., mnfr. " Champion Pills." 
"Thomas Hall," in " Thomas House." 
" THOMAS HOUSE," H. Padfield propr., cor. 

Main and High. 

Thomas Joseph, wagon mkr. and blacksmith. 
Thomas William S., circuit clerk. 
Thornbury John, saloon. 
Thornsberry Frank, wagon maker. 
Thubes Henry, chair mnfr. 
Tiemann August, propr. Hanover House. 
Tisch Jacob, saloon. 
Tyndale Sharon, postmaster. 
UNDERWOOD JOSEPH B., att'y at law. 

Underwood & Noetling, (William H. U. and 
Charles F. N-,) attorneys at law, 

Vette Henry, saloon. 

Viehmann Henry, dry goods and groceries. 

Vierheller Louis, furniture mnfr. and dealer. 

Villinger Matthias, " Southern Brewery." 

Voegtle Ignatz, sash, door and blind miifr. 

Voelkel Jacob, propr. Farmers' Home. 

Voelkel & Fehr, meat market. 

Vogell Henry, coal shaft. 

Vogel Remigius, furniture dealer. 

Von Schrader Frederick, distillery. 

Voss Charles, tobacconist and cigar mnfr. 

Waldridge James L., groceries. 

" Washington Brewery," S. Eimer, propr. 

WEAVER JAMES H., whol. and ret. gro- 
ceries, liquors, cigars, etc. 

Weber Casper, groceries. 

Weber Henry, barber. 

Weber Herman G., city marshal and county 

Weber Herman G., county treasurer and as- 

Weber Philip, shoemaker. 

Wechsler Matthias, saloon. 

" WEEKLY MINER," organ of Coal Miners 
Association, John Hinchcliffe, pub. and 

Wehmeier William, shoemaker. 

WEHRLE JOSEPH, watcbmkr. and jeweler. 

Weidmann Christopher, dry goods, groceries, 

Weingaertner Jacob, painter. 

Weinrich Gottfried, harness maker. 

Weisenborn Ernst, general store. 

Weissenborn Emanuel, shoemaker. 

WEIR MARSHALL, attorney at law. 

Weuige Louis G., foreign express and ex- 
change office and notary public. 

" Western Brewery," Neu &*Gintz., proprs. 

WEST & FUCHS, (Benjamin J. W. and 
Louis F.,) dry goods, clothing, hats, caps, 
boots, shoes, etc. 

WHITE JAMES M., attorney at law. 

White John B., stoves and tinware, and mnfr. 
of tin, copper and sheet iron ware 

Whitmore & Co., (Henry W., Abel G. 
Switzer, William N. Switzer and John M. 
Platt,) proprs. " Harrison Mills." 

Wick Bernhard, county clerk. 

Wilding Peter, justice" of the peace and ins. 

Wille John B., shoemaker. 

WILLIAMS VOLNEY L., carriage mnfr. 

Wild Philip, saloon. 

Winklemann William, attorney at law. 

WIPPO ALBERT, harness maker. 

Wolpert Frederick W., cutler. 

Zehner Henry, saloon. 

Zeiller Joseph, bakery. 

Zimmerman Jacob, saloon. 

"Zimmerman John, saloon, 
uck Christopher, bakery. 


A beautiful and flourishing city of Boone 
county, of which it is the seat of justice, liand- 

& WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 
Geo. B. C hittenden, General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, Minn. & N. Indiana. 





soraely situated on both sides of the Kish- 
waukee River, 76 miles north-west from Chi- 
cago. It is surrounded by a rich rolling 
prairie country, in a high state of cultivation, 
and is the outlet for the produce of a populous 
and wealthy section. It is on the line of the 
Galena & Chicago Union Railroad, at its junc- 
tion with the Beloit Branch. 

Belvidere has eight churches, a Lodge of 
Odd Fellows, and one of Free Masons, several 
excellent public schools, two large flour mills, 
three hotels, one steam saw mill, two weekly 
newspapers, a private banking house, brewery, 
tannery, etc. Population, about 4,000. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

AMERICAN HOTEL, Ike Laraway, propr. 
Ames Albert T., groceries and crockery, tin 

and stoves. 

AMES GEORGE B., dry goods and drugs. 
Andrus John H., ins. agt. and county sheriff. 
Avery A. H., carpenter and builder. 
Bacon & Son, proprs. " Big Thunder Mills." 
" Baltic Mills," (flour,) J. B. Martin, propr. 
Barnett & Pflaum, (Abram B. and Maurice 

P.,) clothing. 
Barr James, mason. 
Bassett Simon, furniture. 
BELVIDERE HOTEL, S. P. Doty, propr. 
"BELVIDERE STANDARD," weekly news- 
paper, (Repub.,) R. Roberts, editor and 

"Belvidere Mills," (flour,) James B. Martin, 


Bement George, watchmaker and jeweler. 
BENNETT SAMUEL, grain dealer and grocer. 
Bennett L. Hyland, grocer. 
Bidwell & Reynolds, (Hiram B. and Edward 

H. R.,) blacksmiths and carriage mkrs. 
Bigelow Jeremiah, grocery. 
"Big Thunder Mills," (flour,) Bacon & Son, 

Bishop & Potts, (Edwin R. B. and Kirkbride 

B. P.,) groceries and provisions. 
Blackman George W., boot and shoemkr. and 


William H. Cadwell, editor and propr. 
Bond James, (col'd,) barber. 
Boreham Harry, saloon. 
Boyce Millard M., attorney at law and county 


Boyce William, shoemaker and tannery. 
Brink Carrie Miss, milliner. 
BROCKWAY J. NELSON, postmaster. 
Buhmeyor John H., cigars. 
Burnside A. B., (homceo.,) physician. 
Cadwell William H., agent Am. Express and 

propr. "Boone County Advertiser." 
Cadwallader Samuel, billiard saloon. 
Clark Oratia D., blacksmith. 
Collier & Bartholomew, (Christopher C. and 

Albert B.,) marble makers. 
Collier Richard, furniture. 
Crinklaw George, meat market. 
Cunningham Hugh, hardware. 
Daniels Fillmore F., photographer. 
DODGE WILLIAM R., attorney at law. 

Doolittle Harry J., ins. and real estate agent. 

Doty Simon P., propr. Belvidere Hotel. 

Downing John, bowling saloon. 

Downs Milo, meat market and grocery. 

Duncan M. E. Miss, dress maker. 

Earle Alonzo H., station aerent G. & C. R. R. 

Ellis D. E., physician. 

Fellows Joseph H., machine shop. 

Flack Isaac, carpenter and builder. 

Foote Daniel E., physician. 

Foote William S., dentist. 

Fraser Katie Miss, milliner. 

Froom Peter S., grocer. 

Fullager Thomas, saloon. 

Fuller & Lawrence, (Allen C. F. and Benjamin 

F. L.,) bankers. 

FULLER WILLIAM W., drugs and crockery. 
Gardner Cephas, groceries and crockery. 
Gilmore Elizabeth A., milliner. 
Glassner John M., dry goods and clothing. 
Gray J. & Bro., (John and William,) livery 


Gritzbauch Wincell, merchant tailor. 
Grogan Margaret Mrs., saloon. 
Harrison John, clothing. 
Hartwell George H , grain dealer. 
Herren Abram, photographer. 
HEYWOOD WILLIAM, blacksmith. 
Hildrup J. S., attorney at law. 
Hill Samuel, carpenter and builder. 
Hitchcock Henry L., bowling saloon. 
Hudson B. F. &*Co., butter dealers. 
Hurlbut Stephen A., attorney at law. 
Jackson Daniel, grain dealer. 
Jaffr ay James, books, toys and fancy goods. 
Jenner Asher E., justice of the peace and ins. 


"JULIEN HOUSE," Henry Williams, propr. 
Kernan John, saloon. 
King H. G. & Co., (Henry G. K. and Allie L. 

Ashley,) drugs and stationery. 
Knight Christopher, blacksmith. 
Lake L. L., physician. 
Laraway Isaac, propr American Hotel. 
Laraway & Sager, dry goods. 
Leonard Marcellus G., grain dealer. 
LEWIS IRA B., planing mill and fanning- 

mill mnfr. 

Lobstein George, shoemaker. 
Longcor Samuel, plow mnfr. 
Loveless Solomon, grocer. 
Lyons William, grocer. 
McMeekin Alexander, shoemaker. 
Martin James B., propr. Belvidere Mills. 
Martin J. B., propr. Baltic Mills. 
Mathers William, harness maker. 
Merrills Phineas W., carpenter and builder, 
Mordoff John C., groceries, boots and shoea. 
Morse James, carpenter and builder. 
Morse William S. A., mnfr. patent seed sower. 
MURCH BROTHERS, (Levi H. and George 

W.,) boots and shoes, hats and caps, sad- 
dlery and clothing. 
Oaks & Connell, (George A. 0. and Franklin 

H. C.,) painters. 
O'Brien Michael, mason. 
O'Brien Peter, mason. 

W. W. KOIBALIj. Piano Fortes, OTTelodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 L,ake Street, Chicago, 111. 





Owen Richard H., merchant tailor. 

Palmer David, blacksmith. 

Peckham Joel, boot and shoemkr. and dealer. 

Perkins William, grocery. 


Pickard Harriet Miss, dressmaker. 

Pierce & Bennett, (Barzillai P. and Henry 

B.,) boot and shoe makers. 
Pilcher John, mason. 
Piper Morritt, carpenter and builder. 
Plane John, hardware. 
POWELL SAMUEL, grocer and ins. agent. 
Powers Merritt, cooper. 
Pray Lewis W., attorney at law and ins. agt. 
Pratt George, carpenter and builder. 
Preston William, livery stable. 
Ramsey Mark, harness maker. 
Randall Aaron F., Jr., attorney at law. 
Read William, mason. 

Reichmuth Ferdinand, baker and confectioner. 
Rhodes Eber H., groceries and crockery. 
Rice George H., boot and shoemkr. and dealer. 
Ricks & Harper, (Ralph D. R. and Joseph W. 

H.,) boots and shoes. 
Rider James, dry goods. 
Roberts Ralph, editor and propr. Belvidere 


ROBINSON JOHN & CO., (Ezra May,) recti- 
fiers and wholesale and retail dealers in 

Rosecrans & Spencer, (Zacharia R. and Syl- 
vester S.,) blacksmiths. 
Scott John, saloon. 
Simonds B., mason. 
Smith George D., grain dealer. 
SOULE JAMES K., (homceo.,) physician 
Starr John C., harness maker. 
STEWART GEORGE, clothing. 
Stocking Daniel C., pump maker. 
Taylor William, mason. 
Towner David, Dentist. 
Tuttle Elias, agricultural implements. 
Tyler Ephraim A., saloon. 
Walker Edward, blacksmith. 
Walker Houghton C., dry goods and clothing 
WASHBURNE LEVI, meat market, grocer 

justice of the peace, (two stores.) 
Waterman George, grain dealer. 
Waterman & Fox, (George W. and Reuben 

F.,) lumber dealers. 
Waterman James J., blacksmith. 
Waterman H. D. & Bro., (Henry D. and An 

son P.,) hardware. 
Webster William P., telegraph eperator, G. & 

C. U. R. R. 

White Martha Miss, dress maker. 
Whitworth Earnest, brewery. 
Williams James W., (col'd,) barber. 
Williams Henry, propr. Julien House. 
WILLIAMS, JOSEPH R., boots, shoes an 


WILSON JAMES D., watchmkr. and jeweler 
WILSON IRA & CO., (Lucius Darling,) dr 

goods, clothing, hats, caps and carpets. 
WINNER BENJAMIN L., propr. St. Charle 
Dining Hall, and dealer iu Yankee No 
tions, confectionery, &c. 

Witbeck & Collins, (Luther J. W. and Levi 

D. C., 1 ) grocers. 
Voodward George N., physician. 
Wo* d Samuel, produce. 

WRIGHT OMAR H., justice of the peace, 
ins. and real estate agent, general col- 
lector, etc. 
Tourt John, lumber dealer. 


A village and township in Piatt county, on 
he Great Western Railway. Mackville is a 
mall village without a postofflce in the same 

Bement is pituated on the Great Western 
lailway, 150 miles from Chicago, and 110 
rom St. Louis. Merchants receive goods 
'rom Chicago, via Tolono, on the Illinois Cen- 
ral Railway, and from New York, via Erie, on 
^ake Shore and Great Western Railways. It 
contains three churches, Christian, Episcopa- 
ian and Methodist. A telegraph office and 
3ement Masonic Lodge. Population, 800. 
Postmaster, George L. Spear. 

Professions^ Trades, etc. 

Sannion John, saloon. 
Bence Cyrus mason. 
Bodman Edward C., banker. 
Bodman Sereno K., druggist. 
Bohn Jacob W., harness maker. 
Bryan*. Francis E., ins. agent. 

amp John M., carpenter. 
Cook J., grocer. 
Dunn Thomas, dry goods. 
Fisher Charles, lumber dealer. 
Force James A., blacksmith. 
Freese Theodore, lumber dealer. 
Freese & Co., grain dealers. 
Henkle John D., hardware. 
Hopkins Mary B., dry goods. 
Jerauld S. Dabne, hotel. 
McDowell Lydia Mrs., hotel propr. 
McDowell Robert, carpenter. 
NcDowell Virgil, news dealer. 
Milmine George, banker. 
Mortherspaw William, livery stable- 
Niles Robert, dry goods. 
Parker William, carriage and wagon makers. 
Pettit Thompson T. & Co., grain dealers. 
Postlethwait Thomas, carpenter. 
Radcliff Bence R., gunsmith. 
Seal James H., physician. 
Spear George L., real estate agent. 
Spcnce Edwin, blacksmith. 
Stilwell William, insurance agent. 
Taylor James M., physician. 
Tenny Charles F., dry goods. 
Wheeler Henry, saloon. 
Winholtz William, boot and shoemaker. 
Young Charles, cabinet maker. 


A post town and the capital of Franklin 
county, about 306 miles from Chicago, via Du- 
quoin on the Illinois Central Railroad. 

WHEELER & WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 
Geo. K. Chittenden, General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, Minn. & N. Indiana. 





Bentley Station, 

A postoffice in Hancock county. 


A post village of Island Grove township, 
Sangamon county, about eighteen miles from 
Springfield, via New Berlin, on the Great 
Western Railway. 


A post village and township of Fulton 
county, on the stage route from Rushville to 
Lewiston. It is about 225 miles from Chicago, 
via the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy and 
Lewiston Branch of the Peoria & Oquawka 
Railroads, by which route goods are snipped. 
It contains three general stores, one grocery 
store, one saw mill, one flour mill and one 
church ^Methodist Episcopal. It has a daily 
mail. Population, 250. Postmaster, Samuel 
A. Sperry. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Allison John C., merchant tailor. 

Allison John F., groceries. 

Gustine Amos, carpenter. 

Hatlee Elias, carpenter. 

Hunter William M., physician. 

Jepson Anson H., general store. 

Johnson William A., propr. hotel. 

McCaughey Harrison, general store. 

Maxon Truman B., wagon maker. 

Morrison Samuel B., photographs and ambro- 


Sperry Samuel A., general store. 
Trickey John H. & Charles D., proprs. saw 

and flour mill. 
Wilmarth Enoch, carpenter. 
Wood Thomas, blacksmith. 


A postoffice of Cass county. 


A township and postoffice in the southern 
part of Warren county, about 185 miles from 
Chicago, via Abingdon on the Chicago, Bur- 
lington & Quincy Railroad. 


A flourishing village in Bethalto precinct, 
Madison county, on the Terre Haute, Alton & 
St. Louis Railway, via which and the Illinois 
Central it is 272 miles from Chicago, and is 
25 miles from St. Louis. It is the seat of 
Madison County Coal Mining Co., the mines 
of which are very extensive and the coal beds 
almost inexhaustible. The district is agricul- 
tural, and has a rich alluvial soil, favorable for 
fruit, of which a large quantity is grown. 
Wood and water are abundant. 

Bethalto is the proper railway depot for the 
towns of Edwardsville, Marine, Alhambra, 
Green Castle, &c. It contains four denomi- 

nations of Christians, Baptist, Methodist, Pres- 
bvterian and Roman Catholic. Although 
there is no telegraph offices, dispatches can 
be readily sent and received from Alton Junc- 
tion. Population, 600. Postmaster, William 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Bethalto U. D., mason. 
Brooks David, cooper. 
Carrol Anthony B., hotel. 
Doughty Herbert, druggist. 
Elspereman Charles, cooper. 
Hovey Milo, wagon maker. 
Keirsey Edmond D., general store. 
Klein Lewis, general store. 
Long Elyett C., livery. 
Madison County Coal Co. 
Martin James C., physician. 
Morgan Edward, hotel. 
Nimerick James M., flour mill. 
Piggot Lemuel W., saw mills. 
Riley James 0., boot and shoemaker. 
Stebzleni Otto, physician and druggist. 

A township 


and postoffice in 



A postoffice in Clinton township, DeKalb 


A township and post village of Adams 
county, situated on stage route No. 11,785. 
Distance from Chicago about 300 miles, via 
Quincy on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railroad. It contains one church edifice, and 
three religious denominations, Baptist, Con- 
gregationalist and Methodist ; also, a Division 
.of the Order of Good Templars. It has six 
mails per week. John B. Robertson, post- 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Armstrong W., carpenter. 
Funk J., cabinet maker. 
Grimes J. M., physician. 
Hill F., blacksmith. 
Jackson, physician. 
Kelley D., mason. 
McCoy R., general store. 
Mason W., cabinet maker. 
Starke A. J., cooper. 
White B., wagon maker. 
Steele L. L., wagon maker. 

Bible Grove, 

A post village in Georgetown township, 
Clay county, about 228 miles from Chicago, 
via Edgewood on the Chicago Branch Illinois 
Central Railroad. 

Big Foot Prairie, 

A postoffice in McHenry county. 

W. W. KIKEBALL, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and h.ctail, 142 L,ake Street, Chicago, 111; 





Big Muddy, 

A postoffice in Four-mile township, Frank- 
lin county. 

Big Neck, 

A postoffice in Adams county. 

Big Prairie, 

A post village in Sugar Creek township, 
Logan county. 

Big Rock, 

A township and postoffice in the south- 
western part of Kane county. 

Big Rush Creek, 

A post village in Woodbine township, Jo 
Daviess county. 

Big Spring, 

A township and postoffice in the south-east 
corner of Shelby county. 

Big Woods, 

A postoffice in Naperville township, 
Page county. 



A township and post village in Henderson 
county, 196 miles from Chicago, on the Chi- 
cago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. 


A post village in the north-east part of 
Schuyler county, about 233 miles from Chi- 
cago, via Plymouth ou the Chicago, Burling- 
ton & Quincy Railroad, situated on Crooked 

Bishop Hill, 

A post village in Weller township, Henry 
county, about 150 miles from Chicago, via 
Galva on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railroad. A colony of Swedes occupy most of 
the farming lands in the township, which they 
own as a company, and large buildings have 
been erected for the mutual use of all. The 
region is one of the best for agricultural pur- 
poses in the State. 


A township and postoffice in the southern 
interior of Kane county, about ten miles south- 
west from Geneva. 

Blackberry Station, 

A post town in Blackberry township, Kane 
county, on the Dixon Air Line Railway, 44 miles 
from Chicago. It contains three churches, 
Baptist, Christian and Methodist ; also, Black- 
berry Masonic Lodge No. 359 ; Kishwaukee 

Lodge No. 222, Sons of Temperance, and a 
Lodge of Good Templars. It has a telegraph 
office. It is situated in one of the best farm- 
ing and dairy districts in the West Popula- 
tion, 1,000. Postmaster, Wm. W. Kendall. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Babcock Albert S., lawyer and ins. agent. 

Bryant Charles 0., wagon maker. 

Colborne Oliver, carpenter; 

Covley Calvin, boot and shoemaker. 

Crow James, grocer. 

Flanning Barney, grocer. 

Frary A. D., carpenter. 

Gage Henry, harnessmaker. 

Garfield F. G., lawyer. 

Gillraan F. R., physician. 

Hay den Rufus, (Rev.,) Baptist. 

Holcomb Alexander, blacksmith. 

Kendall G. B., billiard room. 

Kimball Truman, cooper. 

Kendall William W., general store. 

Limes D. M., (Rev.,) Christian Church. 

McMahon John, mason. 

McNair Henry, general store. 

McNair Samuel, druggist and physician. 

March Stephen, blacksmith. 

Palmer Azariah, hotel propr. 

Pooley Thomas, watches and jewelry. 

Ramsay John, grain and lumber dealer. 

Reed Columbia, general store. 

Root Edith A. Miss, milliner. 

Runyon Edward S., merchant tailor. 

Swain Marcus F., grain dealer, &c. 

Tracy Henry, carpenter. 

Tydeman Henry Z., news dealer. 

Webster C. M.,* (Rev.,) Methodist. 


A post village In Central township, Ran- 
dolph county, about twelve miles north-north- 
east from Chester, on the Mississippi River. 


A postoffice in Eight-mile township, north- 
western part of Williamson county. 


A post village and township in McDonough 
county, about 223 miles from Chicago, via 
Macomb, on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railroad. It is situated in the midst of an ex- 
cellent farming country. There are several 
churches and good schools. It is on the line 
of a railroad projected and partly completed, 
from Warsaw on the Mississippi River to 
Peoria on the Illinois. 

Bliven's Mills, 

A postoffice in Burton township, McHenry 

Blood's Point, 

A postoffice in DeKalb county. 

WHEELER & WILSON'S Sewinjf Machines, 106 L,ake Street, Chicago, III. 
Geo. R. Chitteudcu, General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, Minn, dc N. Indiana. 






A post town and township in the south-east 
corner of Cook county, on the Joliet division 
of the Michigan Central Railway, 27 miles 
from Chicago. It contains two churches, 
German Catholic and Reformed Presbyterian. 
It is a prosperous agricultural township, in- 
cluding timber and prairie land, the soil of the 
former heavy clay, and ot the latter, rich dark 
loam. Population, 1,150. Postmaster, Stew- 
art B. Eakin. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Brisbane James, wagon maker. 

Dalish Joseph, mason. 

Doepp William, physician and surgeon. 

Eakin S. B. & Co., (Stewart Bates E. and 
Louis Oswald,) general store. 

Holmes John, mason. .' 

Hunter James, general store. 

James G. B., carpenter. 

Kirges Casper, boot and shoemaker. 

Krone Charles, carpenter. 

Krone Christian, carpenter. 

Krone Henry, carpenter. 

Millar R. B., insurance agent. 

Morrison John W., (Rev.,) Reformed Presby- 

Pearson Calvin, carpenter. 

Santer Charles, boot and shoemaker. 

Seamon Frank, blacksmith. 

Weiderhold Charles, wagon maker, &c. 


A post village in Edgar township, Edgar 


A township and post village in the northern 
part of Du Page county. It is thirty miles 
from Chicago, via Danby Station on the Ga- 
lena & Chicago Union Railway. There are 
two churches, Baptist and Congregational. It 
has a daily mail. Population, 1,550. Post- 
master, George F. Deibert. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Applebee Edward, carpenter. 
Attix James, carpenter. 
Bishop George (Rev.,) Baptist. 
Bloom William, blacksmith. 
Butler John, carpenter. 
Chapman Daniel, (Rev.,) Congregational. 
Clark A. C., hotel. 
Cody Hiram H., attorney at law. 
Deibert Daniel F. & Co., (Charles J. Schutt, 

general store. 

Deibert Henry F., saw mill. 
Dumper John, carpenter. 
Durkee Albert, carpenter. 
Hills H. Broiison, ins. agent. 
Ingalls Augustus, cooper. 
Moore Henry, propr. hotel. 
Oehlerking Henry, wagon maker. 
Richard Norman, wagon maker. 
Roehler Henry, boot and shoemaker. 
Sedgwick Elijah, mason. 

Sedgwick Parker, physician. 

Sedgwick Sherman P., druggist. 

Sedgwick Sherman P. & Co., (John Nelter,) 

general store. 
Sleep John, blacksmith. 
Sleep William, blacksmith. 
Vastine Martha Miss, milliner. 
Verbesk Oscar, carpenter. 
Wallace George, blacksmith. 
Woelter Francis H., merchant tailor. 


A flourishing city and the capital of McLean 
county, is pleasantly situated on the Chicago 
& Alton Railroad, one mile and a half south- 
west of its intersection with the Illinois Cen- 
tal, and 125 miles south-west from Chicago. 
;t is beautifully located in the border of 
Blooming Grove, on a high rolling site, and 
elegantly laid out. The surrounding country 
is rich in groves of trees, fine residences and 
Earms, with the richest soil for the production 
of everything conducive to the wants and even 
the luxuries of life. 

A little more than thirty years since the 
spot on which Bloomington stands was a wild, 
unbroken prairie. It was purchased from the 
United States Government by James Allin, 
Sen., who is still a resident of the city. At 
the session of the Illinois Legilsature,*1830- 
31, he succeeded in getting a bill passed for 
the then new county of McLean, with such 
boundaries as to make this spot the most 
feasible for the county seat. When the Com- 
missioners came on to lay off the new county, 
Mr. Allin proposed to donate to the county 
about thirty acres for the county seat, which 
proposition was accepted and the town lo- 

A public sale took place on the 4th of July, 
1831, at which time a large number of lots 
were disposed of, at prices varying from $5 
to $50. This was the first celebration of the 
glorious fourth ever held in Bloomington. 

The courts were first held in a small room 
in one end of Mr. Allin's house, who also kept 
the first store when many of his customers 
were Indians. He also built the first brick 
building in the town. 

In 1850, the citizens thought it expedient to 
have a city organization. To get a city char- 
ter required a population of at least 1,500 in- 
habitants. The census was taken, and the 
town found to contain 1,611 souls, whereupon 
a charter was obtained, and the requisite 
officers elected. 

To the building of the two railroads (which 
intersect each other at this point) may be 
mostly attributed the recent rapid growth of 
this city. It is true that the place was in a 
healthy growing condition! prior to their com- 
mencement ; but not until they were com- 
menced and completed did it assume the rapid 
growth and importance which it has attained. 

The surveys for the Illinois Central Railroad 
commenced at this point in 1851. In the 
spring of 1852 the work commenced, and in 

W. W. K1MBALL, Piano Fortes, MEelodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 





June, 1853, the cars were running south to 
this point. 

In the spring of 1852, the surveys for the 
Chicago, Alton & St. Louis Railroad were 
made through this county, and in the fall of 
the same year the work commenced thereon 
near this place. In the fall of 1853, the cars 
were running from Springfield here, and in the 
spring of 1854, the road was completed 
through from Alton to Joliet, making a com- 
plete and speedy connection between St. Louis 
and Chicago. This being the best and most 
central point on the road, the Company de- 
cided to establish their machine shops and 
offices here, which have been, and still are, of 
very great advantage to the city ; bringing, 
as they have, a large and valuable class of 
citizens, and employing over 500 hands as con- 
ductors, engineers, machinists, laborers, &c. 

On either side of the city are the depot 
buildings of the Illinois Central, eastward, 
and the Chicago & Alton Railroad westward. 
About midway between the Depots there are 
several fine blocks of brick buildings, among 
which is the "Ashley House" so widely known 
as a most elegantly furnished and liberally con- 
ducted hotel. It is situated adjacent to the 
business portion of the city, four stories high 
and lighted! with gas. There are several ma- 
nufacturing establishments located here, all 
of which carry on an extensive and thriving 

Situated in the midst of so rich an agricul- 
tural district and bcingeasy of access by dif- 
ferent lines of tranrportation. Bloomir.gton 
naturally enjoys the advantages of a flourish- 
ing trade. Many of their Merchants are en 
gaged in the wholesale jobbing trade as will 
be seen in the list of business houses following 
this sketch. 

Within five miles of Bloomington there are 
over 500 acres of fruit and ornamental nurse- 
ries. F. K. Phoenix, Esq., has the largest 
nurseries in the west, comprising all varieties 
of fruit and ornamental trees grown with suc- 
cess in this latitude, Messrs. Manu & Over- 
mann have an excellent assortment, though 
not so extensive. 

There are also several fine vineyards in this 
vicinity. Dr. H. Schroeder and* R. H. Fell 
are now and have been for some time past 
successfully testing the adaptability of the 
soil in this locality for grape culture. 

EDUCATIONAL. The Illinois Wesleyan Col' 
lege, Rev. 0. S. Munsell, D. D., President; 
Bloomington Female College, G. Thayer, A. 
M., Principal, Bloomington Female Srminary, 
Rev. R. Conover, principal, are all excellent 
institutions, each under the charge of an able 
and efficient corps of teachers. 

nying cut conveys a very accurate idea of the 
noble building appropriated to the purposes 
of this Institution. The main part of the 
edifice is 86 ft. long by 75 ft. wide ; and each 
of the wings is 100 ft. long by 32 ft. wide ; 
hence, the total length of the building, from 

east to west, is 150 ft. Tlie structure is very 
symmetrical ; the north and south fronts are 
precisely alike, as are the wing fronts on the 
east and west. 

The building stands in the northern part of 
an enclosure, containing about 50 acres. It is 
situated a few rods from the Junction Station 
of the Illinois Central, and the St. Louis, Alton 
& Chicago Railroads. All of the enclosure is 
laid out as a park, and is rapidly filling with 
trees and shrubbery. The Institution also 
owns 100 acres of fine prairie land, which ap- 
proaches on the west within about 4<) rods 
from the enclosure just mentioned, but on the 
other side of the county road leading to 
Bloomington. The distance from the Institu- 
tion to the city is about one mile and a half. 

The object of this Institution is well set 
forth in the following extract from the Act of 
the Legislature creating it. " Sec. 4. " The 
object of said Normal University shall be to 
qualify teacfcers for the common schools of 
this State, by importing instruction in the art 
of teaching, in all branches of study which 
pertain to a common school education, in the 
elements of natural sciences, including agri- 
cultural chemistry, animal and vegetable phy- 
siology, in the fundamental laws ot the Unit- 
ed States and of the State of Illinois, in "regard 
to the tights and duties of citizens, and ?uch 
other studies as the Board of Education may 
from time to time prescribe." 

The current expenses are met by the in- 
terest of the University Fund which was bor- 
rowed by the State, several years since. The 
yearly income is something over $10,000. 
Each county in the State is entitled to gra- 
tuitous instruction for two students, and each 
State Representative District for a number of 
students equal to its representation in the 
House. As the building is designed to ac- 
commodate 300 Normal Students, and as sev- 
eral counties have not fully availed themselves 
of the privileges of the school, the Principal 
is allowed to admit some students at his dis- 
cretion, for the present. All persons entering 
the Normal Department are obliged to certify 
their intention to become teachers. The full 
course of study embraces three years; and it 
is not expected that any student will enter for 
a shorter period than one year. The Academic 
year begins about the first Monday in Sep- 

MODEL SCHOOL. The object of this Depart- 
ment, in which there are accommodations for 
300 students, is to afford the Normal Scholars 
an opportunity both to see, day by day, a 
school such as it should be, and also to take 
part in the instruction under the eye and ad- 
vice of their own teachers. It is therefore 
both, a model and an experimental school. 
It contains four grades, viz. : Primary, Inter- 
mediate, Grammar and High ; and its course 
of study embraces a full ran^e from the ele- 
ments to a preparation either for business or 
for college. The time necessary to complete 
the full High School course is four year*. 

WHEELER & WILSON'S Sewing: Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 
Geo. R. hittenden, General A scut for 111. Wis., Iowa, Miiiu. Ik K. Indiana. 





Students from abroad pay a tuition fee ; those 
residing in the district enjoy the advantages 
of the school, as the funds of the district are 
used for its support. In this school, three ex- 
perienced teachers find constant employment; 
the remainder of the instruction is given by 
members of the senior classes in the Normal 

HISTORY. The Normal University of Illinois 
was created Feb. 18, 1857, by an Act of the 
Legislature. The interest of the University 
fund was set apart for its support with the 
express provision, that no portion of the in- 
come shouid be used in procuring or erecting 
buildings, but that it should be established in 
that to vn or city which should contribute 
most liberally for its accommodation, provided 
the proposed situation was not objectionable. 
The city of Bloomington, McLean County, and 
individuals contributed lands and other pro- 
perty, valued at $140,000, and the Institution 
was "fixed in its present location, duiirig the 
summer of 1857. Work began at once on the 

Charles E. Hovey of Peoria was elected 
Principal, and the school began Oct. 5, 1857, 
in rooms hired for that purpose in the city of 
Bloomington. The financial crisis, which im- 
mediately followed, caused a suspension of 
the work on the building for more than a year. 
At length, extraordinary difficulties having 
been surmounted, the house was so far com 
pleted, that the school opened in its rooms, 
at the beginning of its Fourth year, in the 
Fall of 1860. During one \ear more its fir.-t 
Principal remained at its head, and its rum 
bers and influence steadily increased. But 
in the summer of 1861, Mr. Hovey was com- 
misioned as Colonel of the 33d Regiment of 
Illinois Volunteers, and four of the Faculty 
and more than half of the male students ac 
companied him to the field. In the following 
September, the school commenced its Fifth 
vear, under the management of Perkins Bass 
Esq., of Chicago, as Acting Principal. A 
the close of this year, Richard Edwards of the 
St. Louis Normal School was chosen Princi 
pal, which post he still holds. 

Duiing the first term of tho present year 
the number of students in all Departments o 
Ihe Institution was 438, having increa>sec 
steadily since the interruption in the summei 
of 1861. 

The graduates and other students of th< 
school are extensively scattered over the State 
engaged in the work for which the r-ommon 
wealth by its liberality and wisdom, has fittei 
them ; and this young Institution bids fair t< 
accomplish the great good its friends hav< 
hoped and expected from it. The following 
are the names of the present 


Richard Edwards, Principal, Professor o 
Mental Philosophy and Didactics. 

Edwin C. Hfwett, Professor of Geography 
and History. 

Joseph A. Sewall, Professor of Natural 

Thomas Metcalf, Professor of Mathematics. 
Albert Stetson, Professor of Language. 
Miss Margaret E. Usband, Preceptress and 
eacher of Drawing. 

Teachers of Model School 

William L. Pillsury, Principal. 

Lymari B. Kellogg. 

Miss Marion E. Hammond. 


First Baptist Church. Cor. of Jefferson and 
Madison. No pastor. 

First Christian Church. East bet. Front 
and Grove. Rev. Mr. Berry, pastor. 

Christian Society. Meets in Phoenix Hall, 
lev. Mr. Phinley, pastor. 

First Melhodist Episcopal Church. Corner 
Washington and Bust. Rev. Mr. Andrews, 

Prottstant Episcopal Church. Cor. Wash- 
ngton and West, Rev. Mr. Kerfoot, rector. 

First Presbyterian Church (0. S.} Corner 
East and Grove. Rev.' Hugh R. Price, pastor. 

Presbyterian Church (N. S.) East St., near 
North. No pistor. 

Roman Catholic Church. Olive Street, near 

United Presbyterian Church. Front Street. 
Rev. Mathew M. Clark, late pastor. 

German Lutheran Church. Madison, near 
Olive. Rev. Frederick Ruff, pastor. 

German Methodist Episcopal Church.- -Centre 
Street, near North. Rev. J. G. Kast, pastor. 

African Methodist Episcopal Church. Centre 
Street, between Chestnut and Locust. Rev. 
A. T. Hull, pastor. 


JBhomingtox Lodge, No. 47, F. A. and A. 
M. Meets on Fiiday Evening, before each 
full nvion. 

Bloomington Chapter, No. 26, F. A. and A. 
M. Meets third Tuesday in each month. 

Remembrance Lodge. No. 77, 1. 0. 0. F. 
Meets every Tuesday evening at Odd Fellow's 

fferr Lsdge No. 265, /. 0. 0. F. Meets 
every Thursday evening at Odd Fellow's Hall. 

Uhand Lodge, No. 305, J. 0. 0. J''. Meets 
each WeuuesUtty. 

McLean Encampment, No. 20, /. 0. 0. F. 
Meets every second Wednesday evening at 
Odd Fellows' Hall, Phoenix Block. 

Bloomington Lodge No. 435, /. 0., of Good 

Emblem. Lodge, No. 13, Temple of Honor. 
Meet every Monday evening. 

Turn Verein. Goorge Klein, Sec'y. 


I,, Piano Fortes, Ittelodeons and Parlor Organs, 
and Ketall, 141 t,ake Street, Chicago, 111. 






Professions, Trades, etc. 

Abbott William, confectioner. 
A. and Augustus B.) city bakery and 

Allin Dr. Lee, dentist. 
AMES RICHARD, war claim agent. 
Andrews Rev. Reuben, Pastor of Methodist 

church, east charge. 
ASHLEY HOUSE, Hance & Toms, propr'rs, 

n. w. cor. public square. 
ASHLEY & SMITH, (Thomas A. and Fred. S.) 

dealers in dry goods and yankee notions. 
Ashton William H., boot maker. 
Aull Nicholas L., St. Nicholas Hotel. 
Baker Solomon M., dry goods. 
Ballard William J., physician. 
Barber E. & Co., Flouring Mills, (Eliel and 

Davis Barber). 
BAUGHEN BENJAMIN R,, watches, clocks 

and jewelry. 

Bermann Abraham, dealer in clothing. 
Berry Thomas V., pastor of Christian church. 
Betser F. Benjamin, notary public. 
BISHOP JESSE, attorney at law. 
Bloomington Bank, . H. Robinson, president, 

E. Thorp, cash'r. 

Borngardner Henry G., variety store. 
BOYNTON B. J. & CO., (Nelson Andrews), 

dealers in boots and shoes. 
Brier & Birch, (David B. and Jesse B.) attor- 
neys at law. 
Brokaw, Ellsworth & Co., (Abraham B., Oliver 

E. and George Gregory,) plow mnfrs. 
Bryan Thomas P., drugs and groceries. 
BUSH MICHAEL, watchmaker and jeweler. 
Bushnell Alouzo L., grocery. 
Butler James P., baker and confectionery. 
CAMP & PARHAN, (Charles M. C. and Emett 

Y. P.), wholesale and retail grocers. 
Capen & Son., crockery, china and glassware. 
Chrisman & Miller, (Joseph A. C. and John G. 

M.) blacksmiths. 

Chuse Marianus X., saddle and harness maker. 
Clarke Rev. M., pastor of United Presbyterian 


Coe Rev. James W., pastor of Episcopal church 
Condon William, grocery. 
Cox & Humphrey, (Samuel P. C. and James 

Tjl TT \ 

COX THOMAS J., eagle mills. 

Crist D. L., physician. 

Crist D. 0., physician. 

Crist Isaac W., dentist. 

Cronk Warren, confectionery. 

Crothers Eli K., U. S. Pension surgeon and 


Cullen James H., merchant tailor. 
Dabery Jacob, meat market. 
DALTON & DIBBLE, (Chas. E. D. and Rufu 

W. D.) variety store and news depot. 
DAMASCHKE FRED. A., grocery. 
Daniels Arthur T., boots and shoes. 
Davis Rev. W. J., pastor of African Methodis 

Davison Milton S., dining station C. & A. R. R 

DIETRICH & BRADNER, (William D. and 
George B.) hardware and stoves, also 
dealers in woolen goods. 
)ixon, Sheriff. 

DONEHUE JAMES H., grocery. 
Dunn & Stennett, (McCann D. and William 

H. S.,) homeopathic physicians. 
Slder William A., whol. and ret. dealer in 

furniture of all kinds, 
illlis J. C. & J., (Joshua C. and James,) dry 

good, boots and shoes, hats and caps. 
EVERLY HENRY, real estate and insurance 

EVANS R. W. & SON, (Robert F.,) dealer in 
groceries, provisions, queensware, etc. 

Swing James S., attorney. 

Fay E. & Co., (S. L. Lard,) grain dealers eas- 
tern depot. 

FELL KERSEY H., real estate. 

Fell Jesse W., real estate. 

Fell Thomas, county treasurer. 

Ferre Lyman, carriage wagon mnfr. 

Flagg William F., iron foundry, machine shop 
and mnfr. of reapers, mowers and thrash- 

Flinspach Louis & Co., (George Zeele,) wagon 

FOSTER, KRUM & CO., (Aaron H. F., Ire- 
tus R. K. and C. Robinson,) produce, mil- 
ling, lumber, coal, &c. 

Freese George, harness and saddle mkr. 

Friend Jacob, mer. tailor. 

Gaffron Phillip N., grocery. % 

Gallagher, Simons & Co., (Samuel G., Fayette 
L. S. and Lewis Bunn,) whol. and ret. 
grocers, crockery, etc. 

Geltmaker J. & Bro., (John and Jacob,) grain 

Germain Richard S., dry goods. 

GETTY SINCLAIR, importer of woolens, 
manchester and scotch goods, Irish linens 
and millinery. 

GILLETT AUGUSTUS B., whol. and ret. 
dealer in watches, clocks, jewelry, silver 
and plated ware. 

Glucklig Joseph, watches and jewelry. 

Gmehlin Charles, guns, rifles and pistols. 

Goodrick Joel, mer. tailor and clothing. 

Green John L., fruits, fancy goods, &c. 

GROVER, WINSLOW & CO., (James G., 
Nathaniel and Charles M. W.,) soap, oil 
and candles. 

Haggard D. D., hardware and agricultural 

Haines Benjamin F., grocery. 

HALDEMAN JAMES S., sculptor and marble 
worker and dealer. 

Hamilton Mrs. A., millinery. 

HANCE & TOMS, (Sylvanus B. H. and Clark- 
son T.,) Ashley House, c. Centre and Jef- 
ferson streets. 

Hanna & Scott, attorneys at law. 

Handley Season B., Union House, (temper- 
ance,) c. Front and Madison streets. 

Hardacel George W., attorney at law. 
Harlan Aaron S., fruits and confectionaries. 
Harty Edwin, meat market. 

WHEKLKK & WILSOTV'S Sewing Machines, 106 I,ake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Geo. R. C latitude H, General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, Minn. & M. Indiana. 





and Thomas F.,) whol. and ret. dealers in 
hardware, agricultural implements, iron, 
saddle and carriage hardware, paints, etc. 

Hastings Henry H., plough factory. 

Hayes, Evans & Co., (James W. II., John W. 
E. and Samuel S. Parks.) doors, blinds 
and sash, and general builders. 

Hayes S. & Co., (Silas H., Benjamin Davis and 
John Crawford,) wagons and carriages. 

HEILBRUN MORRIS, clothing and jewelry. 

Helm Albert, grocery. 

Henseler Theodore, wagon mkr. 

Herder Gustav, mattrass mkr. 

HERR HENRY S., justice of the peace, par- 
ticular attention paid to collections. 

Hilbrun Myer, dealer in clothing, hats, caps, 

Hoeker Charles, grocery. 

Hogg & Crothers, (William H. and Dr. Eli K. 
C.,) whol. and ret. druggists. 

Holder C. W. & Co., (Charles W. and Richard 
H. H. and John V. Milner,) hardware, 
stoves, etc., seed and agricultural imple- 

Home Bank, McClun, Holden & Co. 

Homer Charles A., cigars and confectionery. 

Hopping Isaac R., grocery. 

Horine & Brother, (Henry C. and Courtney 
H.,) hay pressers and shippers. 

Hukill Jackson, stone and glass ware, fire 
brick, etc. 

HUMPHREYS JOHN F., whol. and ret. gro- 

Humphrey N. Wakefield, grocery. 

Hunter William D., cigar and tobacco store. 

Hutchinson Thomas, tailor. 

HYDE EDWIN C., merchant tailor, furnish- 
ing goods, hats, caps, etc. 

IVES ALMON B , attorney at law and gen- 
eral land agt. 

JACOBY BROTHERS, (Peter and Jacob,) 
grocery and provisions. 

James John, coal, lime, flour, salt, etc. 

Jeter Hugh, undertaker. 

Johnson Andrew, boots and shoes. 

Jones Giles C., horseshoeing. 

Jones E. Mrs., dying and cleaning. 

JONES WM. & CO., (Wm. J. and Michael 
Curtis,) soap factory. 

KELLOGG WILLIAM B., mer. tailor. 

Kelsey & Son, (John and John F.,) Kelsey 
House, c. North and Centre streets. 

KEMP AMOS, book binder and blank book 

KEN YON S. E. & SON, (Isaac L.,) whol. and 
ret. grocers and bakers. 

Kennedy Thomas, (Rev.) pastor Roman Cath- 
olic church. 

KERFOOT CHARLES A., saddle and harness 

Kibbee G. W., physician and dentist. 
Kirkpatrick & Haward, furniture. 
Kropff Andrew, Washington House. 
Lackey I. & G. W., (Ira and George W.) drug- 
gists and apothecaries. 
Lang Frederick, tobacconist. 

Larrimore John N., notary public. 

Lanning Jeremiah, attorney at law. 

Leavitt George, fanning mills and washing 

LIVINGSTON & BRO., (Samuel and Aaron,) 

clothing and furnishing goods. 
Lehman Julius, physician. 
Leland & Palmer, (Moses F. L. and James P.,) 

Lewis Ira A., express agent. 
Lowe Wm. F., (Rev.) pastor Methodist church. 
Luce Albert H., physician and surgeon. 
Ludington Joseph, grain and coal dealer. 
McClun, Holder & Co., bankers. 
McCrum John, meat market. 
McLean County Bank, Asahel Gridley, pres.; 

David J. Perry, cash. 

MCMILLAN JOHN & co., (Benjamin M. 

Watson, and Samuel W. Waddle,) whol. 


Morrison Thomas, grocery. 
Magoun John, land agt. 
MARBLE J., mnfr. and dealer in furniture, 

matrasses, chairs, schooj furniture, etc. 
Marblestone & Co., clothing. 
Marblestone Manuel, clothing. 
MATERN LOUIS, carriage mnfr. 
Matthews William, livery stable. 

M. and James M. R.,) whol. and ret. deal- 
ers in books, stationery, blank books, 
music, paper hangings, curtains and fix- 

MAYERS JACOB & CO., (Abraham Houser 
and Peter J. Rouie,) woolen factory and 
flour mill. 

Megowan Mrs. Mary J., millinery. 

Melluish Francis, watchmaker. 

Miller,) dry goods. 

Miller Henry B., furniture. 

Miller Morehouse, boots and shoes. 

Moore David 0., eclectic physician. 

Moore Welcome B., marble works. 

Morton Abner, mkr. and dealer in cabinet 
furniture and chairs. 

Munholland Robert, clotheg cleaner and dyer. 

Myers & Son, flouriDg mills. 

Nason E. L. & Co., dry goods, mer. tailoring. 

Nauman, (Rev.) pastor German methodist 

Naylor Mrp., milliner. 

Nelson Alexander, wagon mkr. 

Nelson Henry, wagon mkr. 


and Jacob S.,) proprs. Great Western \ r in- 

egar Factory. 
Nevin Luke, grocery. 
Nightwine & Beebe, (William N. and Oliver 

B.,) eating house and confectionery. 
Obermeyer Simon, toys and confectionery. 
O'Brien John T., St. Charles Hotel. 
OLLIS JOHN, foundry and machine shop. 
Overmann & Mann, nursery. 
Packard Major W., attorney at law. 
Paist & Marmon, drug store. 

IV. TV. 

, Piano Fortes, Melodeon* and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 






Parke & Ollis, (George W. P. and William 0.,) 
dealers in groceries, provisions, crockery, 
glassware, etc. 

Pearsons Daniel, clothing. 

PEARSON MERILL, general dealer in lum- 
ber, doors, sagh, cement, etc. 

PECKMAMN & KOCH, (Charles P. and Chris- 
tian K.,) mer. tailors. 

Phelps C. A., grain dealer. 

Pilcher Isaac, Western Hotel. 

Porter Samuel, (Rev.) D. D., pastor of Baptist 

Powlich John, groceries. 

Price Charles A., wood turning. 

Price H. R. (Rev.) pastor 1st Presbyterian 

RATHMAN & RITTER, (Louis R., and Ste- 
phen R.,) grocery. 

RAYBURN AQUILLA V., military claim agt. 

READ GORDON H., stoves and tinware. 

Reeves Owen T. attorney at law. 

RICE JAMES L., dry goods, boots and shoes. 

Richardson Henry, grocery. 

Richardson Josiaja, carriage mnfr. 

Robinson George 0., attorney at law. 

Robinson Miss Mary, milliner. 

Robinson Sanford, lumber. 

Rugg Oramel, whol. and ret. dealer in boots, 
shoes and leather. 

SCHERMERHORN JOHN G., whol. and ret. 
dealer in dry goods, boots, shoes, hats, 
caps and carpeting. 

SCIBIRD & BRO., (John S. and Joseph H.,) 

Schmidt Ferdinand, collar maker. 

Schmidt William, tanner and dealer in French 
and domestic leather. 

Schneider Mrs!, milliner. 

SCHR03DER DR. H., vineyard, nursery and 
fruit garden. 

SCHULTZ CHARLES A., cabinet ware mnfr. 
and dealer. 

Schwer Peter, grocer. 

Shannon Samuel P., claim agt. for soldiers. 

Smith Robert P., dealer in boots, shoes, hats, 
caps, etc. 

Smith, Yates & Co., dry goods, boots, shoes, 
hats and caps. 

Snowden & Wetherbee, (Henry A. S. and Am- 
brose W.,) whol. and ret. dealersjin books, 
stationery and paper hangings. 

Steele, Carpenter & Co., (Charles L. S., Eras- 
tus S. C. and Flavius J. Briggs,) publish- 
ers Pardagraph. 

STEERE ELISHA B., whol. and ret. dealer 
in dry goods, boots, shoes, hats and caps. 

Stevens Edmund, surgeon dentist. 

Stilwill John M., attorney and justice of the 


Stout Ebenezer, grocery. 
Stout Jacob, meat market. - 
Stump Alexander, blacksmith. 
Swann Michael, justice of the peace. 
Sweeny Dennis S., grain dealer. 
Swett & Prince, (Leonard S. and Ezra M. P.,) 
attorneys at law. 

Temple Brothers, (Listen M. and Wra. H. jr.,) 

Temple & Funk, (Wm. H. T. and Duncan M. 
F.,) dry goods. 

Theis Charles, grocery. 

THOMAS & FLEURY, (William T. and Frank 
F.,) chemists and druggists. 

Thomas W. & L. B., general insurance agts. 

THOMPSON R. & CO., (Robert T. and Chas. 
S. Jones,) whol. and ret. druggists. 

Tipton & Benjamin, (Thomas F. T. and Reu- 
ben M. B.,) attorneys at law. 

Trimter Charles, baker.' 

Tungler Henry, shoemaker. 

Vale William, livery stable. 

Voit John, grocery. 

Vreeland William S., grain dealer. 

Waddle Samuel W., gi-ocer. 

Wahl Jacob, meat market. 

Walker S. M. & Co., (Samuel M. W. and Wil- 
liam W. Randolph,) meat market. 

Walton & Hamilton, (John T. W. and Alex- 
ander H.,) plough mnfrs. 

Ward Jay N., furniture, agt. for Wheeler & 
Wilson's sewing machine. 

Washburn & Freeman, (Amasa C. W. and Ca- 
leb F.,) groceries and provisions. 

Waters. Zera, eclectic physician and surgeon. 

Watkins Warren C., lumber yard. 

Watkins William, lumber yard. 

Wells William A., real estate dealer, and life 
and fire insurance agt. 

White Daniel C., meat market. 

Whitraer & Brumer, (P. W., and George B.) 

Williams Robert E., attorney at law. 

Wileman C. E. Mrs., physician, (rational 

Willson Jamea N., fruits and confectioneries. 

WILMETH ISAIAH W., baker and confec- 

Woodson Robert E., attorney at law. 

Wolcott William, undertaker. 

Worrell Thomas F., physican. 


A post office in Rockville township, Kanka- 
kee county. 

Blue Crass, 

A post village in Middle Fork township, 
Kankakee county, about one hundred and 
twenty-three miles from Chicago, via Pera, on 
the Chicago branch of the Illinois Central 

Blue Island, 

A post village in Worth and Calumet town- 
ships, 17 miles south of Chicago, on the Rock 
Island Railroad. It contains four churches, 
viz.: Baptist, Congregationalist, German Meth- 
odist, and Roman Catholic, and also a tele- 
graph office. Population, 1,200. Postmaster, 
Henry H. Massey. 

WHEELER & WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111,. 
Ceo, K. Cliittenden, General Agent for 111., Wis,, Iowa, ZVlinii. A; N. Indiana. 





Professions, Trades, etc. 

Ahlschluger C., groceries. 

Allen Charles E., physician. 

Bahning William, mason. 

Bannbach William, clothier. 

Bertrand Henry, harness mkr. 

Becker Captain, propr. American Hotel. 

Beiderman A., merchant tailor. 

Black William, blacksmith. 

Bueter J. C., druggist. 

Busch & Brand, brewers. 

Chattroop Louis, general store. 

Daemicke Ferdinand, general store. 

Day Rodney N., attorney at law. 

Doehler Henry, blacksmith. 

Egan C. B., Baptist minister and physician. 

Euglehart John, saloon. 

Foster Lemuel,(Rev.) Congregational minister. 

Groden Henry, mason. 

Grothe August, carpenter. 

Huggett I. W., harness mkr. 

Kelly John, carpenter. 

Koop A., propr. Koop's Hotel. 

Krautz F., wagon mkr. 

Kruger August, mason. 

Lange John M., carpenter. 

Lorgenfrie William, wagon mkr. 

Luchtemeyer George, gunsmith. 

Massey H. H., general store. 

Metz *& Brand, (George M. and Charles B.) 


Rinehart Nicholas, wagon mkr. 
Robinson C. D., general store. 
Rose Henry, saloon. 
Sanders Benjamin, attorney at law, 
Sauerteig Frederick, general store. 
Schapper Ferdinand, general store. 
Schmitt Herman, saloon. 
Schmitt Henry W., blacksmith. 
Seure E. (Rev.) German Methodist. 
Simon Herman, Saloon. 
Staffel John, blacksmith. 
Yolk Charles, propr. Volk's Hotel. 
Volkman F., blacksmith. 

Blue Mound, 

A post office in Mound township, Macon 

Blue Point, 

A post village m Indian prairie township, 
Wayne county, about one hnndred and two 
miles from St. Louis, via Xenia, on the Ohio 
and Mississippi Railway. 

Blue Ridge, 

A post office in Hallock township, northern 
part of Peoria county. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Hinman Munson, blacksmith and postmaster 
Leighton Abel, wagon mkr, 
Raney H. A., physician. 


^ A postoffice in Buckhart township, Chris- 
ian county. 


A small post village in township ten of 
Sreen county, about five miles from Newport 
m the Illinois river, via which it is 75 miles 
rom St. Louis. Columbiana is a village in 
he same township where there is no post 
>ffice. Bluffdale contains three churches, 
Christian, Baptist, and Methodist. Popula- 
ion 300. Postmaster, S. G. Russell. 
Professions, Trades, etc. 
Chandler Joseph, saw and flour mill. 
Gamble John C., cooper. 
Fohnson Henry, physician. 
Kaffer Jacob, blacksmith. 
Miller John, (Rev.) Christian. * ,.> 

)dermott Frank, distillery, 
rlobley Richard, carriage and wagon mkr. 
Russell Spencer G., lawyer. 
Troskoski B. E., dry goods. 

Bluff Spring, 

A postoffice in Cass county. 


A postoffice in York township, Carroll 

Bon Pas, 

A township and postoffice in Richland 


A post office in Saline township, Williamson 


A township and postoffice in Boone county. 


A postoffice in Prairie township, Edgar 


A post office in Alexander township, Pope 


A postoffice in Denver township, Richland 


A township and post village in Donglas 
county, about 160 miles from Chicago, via 
Tuscola, on the Chicago branch Illinois Central 

TT. W, 

, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retaii, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 





Bourbonnais Grove, 

A postoffice in Bourbonnais township, Kan- 
kakee county. 

Bowling Green, 

A township and post village in Fayette 
county, about eight miles east of Ramsey, and 
225 miles from Chicago, via the Illinois Cen- 
tral, and St. Louis, Alton and Chicago Rail- 


A township and post office 



A township and post village of Grundy 
county, on the Chicago, Alton & St. Louis 
Railroad, 61 miles from Chicago. The Brace- 
ville coal mines are owned and worked by 
James Congdon and William H. Odell. Reli- 
.gi-ous meetings are held in the school houses, 
by the Baptist, Lutheran, Methodist, and Pres- 
byterian denominations. It has a Miner's As- 
sociation and a lodge of the order of Good 
Templars. Population of township about 600. 
Postmaster, George P. Augustine. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Augustine George P., general store and grain 


Braugham Jacob, carpenter. 
Hinkley Irad, shoemaker. 
Jenkins John, saloon. 
Keeling George C., carpenter. 
Mathias John, saloon. 
Meehan Patrick, saloon. 
Morgan & Hart, (John S. M., and Joseph II.,) 

general store. 
Powers Michael, shoemaker. 


A postoffice in Princeton township, Jackson 


A postoffice in Osceola township, northwest 
eorner of Stark county. 


A postoffico in Northwestern township, 
Greene county. 


A postoffice in Randolph county. 


A post village in Maine township, Cook 
county, on the Chicago & Northwestern Hail- 
way. Canfield station, in the same township. 
has no postoffice. Distance from Chicago, 13 

miles. There is a large manufactory here o^ 
red, common, and pressed brick. It has a 
Methodist Episcopal church. Population of 
the township about 1,000. Postmaster, Robert 
W. Meacham. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Miller William, blacksmith. 
Penny & Meacham, (George W. P. and Robert 
W. M.) general store and brick yard. 


A post village in Christy township, Law- 
rence county, on the Ohio & Mississippi Rail- 
way, 14 miles west of Vincennes, and 134 
miles east of St. Louis. It is situated in a 
healthy region, and affords excellent opportu- 
nities for buying grain, pork, etc. It contains 
two churches, Christian and Methodist Episco- 
pal ; also a Masonic Lodge and a Lodge of 
Good Templars. Population, 250. Postmas- 
ter, Newton H. Martin. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Baird Andrew, (Rev.) Christian. 

Baird John A., wagon mkr. 

Barge Joseph, blacksmith. 

Boering Washington M., wagon mkr. 

Childress William, blacksmith. 

Cooper George W., groceries. 

Crump Edward R., livery stable. 

Duncan William, boot and shoe mkr. 

Foreman Emanuel, dry goods. 

Frazer Mathew D., physician. 

Hays Samuel, physician and dentist. 

Highfield George W., clothier. 

Klineworth & Slanker, dry goods. 

Lanterman Hugh K, flour mill. 

Lathrop Hazen Z., carpenter. 

Lewis William M., insurance agt. 

Lowry Talmon P., attorney at law. 

Martin N. H., physician. 

Mecord Nancy E., Miss, milliner. 

Sage John B., (Rev.) Presbyterian minister. 

Thorne Samuel, groceries. 

Turner Ephraim D., hotel. 

Utter Lyman, hotel. 

Utter, Lyman & Abram, dry goods. 

Whalen James, boot and shoe mkr. 

Williams John H., mason. 


A post village and township in the south- 
west corner of Macoupin county, on the Chi- 
cago, Alton & St. Louis Railroad, 246 miles 
from Chicago., and 36 from St. Louis. It con- 
tains five churches, viz.: Baptist, Catholic, 
Lutheran, Methodist, and Presbyterian ; also 
a Masonic Lodge and Temperance Society. 
It has a telegraph office. Population, 800. 
Postmaster, Herman Griggs. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Ash John, physician. 
Bean, T. A., druggist. 
Blackwell I. S., insurance agt. 
Blodget D., insurance agt. 
Brant William, cooper. 

WHF.EL.KR & WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Later Street, Clncaffo, 111. 
<ieo. R. Chlttenden, General Agent lor 111., AVi*., Iowa, Minn. & IV. Indiana. 





Brown T. A., physician. 

Brummer F. A., billiard rooms. 

Brummev W. F., hotel. 

Butler E., general store. 

Coleman Jeremiah, flour mill. 

Corrington J. B., (Rev.) 

Cunningham & Moore, lumber dealers. 

Dandridge J. B., harness mkr. 

Dickerson J. T., physician. 

Dimond David, (Rev.) Presbyterian. 

Emery S., boot and shoe mkr. 

Floyd John, mason. 

Furguson S. machinist. 

Gifferd A., carpenter. 

Griggs & Warren, (Herman G. and Jonathan 

W.,) general store. 
Hill Lucinda, hotel propr. 
Houts C. J., (Rev.) 
Howell Joseph, carpenter and cooper. 
Heideman F. W., mer. tailor. 
Keas Frank, blacksmith. 
Knostman J. H., carpenter. 
Koester J. G., lawyer. 
Lippoldt Edward, hotel propr. 
Lippoldt E., billiard rooms and saloon. 
Mattack Jesse, mason. 
Merrill Miss A. A., milliner. 
Merrill & Beum, general store. 
Merrill & Chase, (W. C. M. and 0. A. C.,) 

general store. 

Moore S. C., carriage and wagon mkr. 
Moore William C., blacksmith, and carriage 

and wagon mkr. 
Mundy & French, (R, M. and A. S. F.,) general 


Murphy J. P., general store. 
O'Brien James, boot and shoe mkr. 
Parker J. H., blacksmith. 
Pelham W. N., carpenter. 
Perkins Augustus, physician. 
Peter S. (Rev.) Methodist. 
Peter Asa, lawyer and insurance agt. 
Powell Henry, physician. 
Reas T. A., blacksmith. 
Robinson Andrew, mason. 
Stacey H. A., mer. tailor. 
Stewart Frank, carriage and wagon mkr. 
Stratton L. P., lumber dealer and real estate 


Thombs J. W., (Rev.) 
Ward J. R., livery stables. 
Warren J. W., news dealer. 
Weed Frederick, hotel propr. 


A post village and township of Peoria coun- 
ty, 160 miles from Chicago, on the borders of 
a beautiful and fertile praire, and about twen- 
ty miies n.w. from Peoria. There are five 
churches in the town, Congregational, Bap- 
tist, Methpdist, Roman Catholic and Episco- 
pal. Merchandise is received from Chicago 
via the Bureau Valley railroad. Population of 
town, 1,600. Bradford Hall, postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc, 

Baldwin Edward, carpenter. 

Belcher Daniel, propr. hotel. 

Benedict Lewis, (Rev.) Congregational. 

Blanchard Joseph, physician. 

Bowman & Co., (Joseph P. and Bateman B..,) 

general store. 
Colgan John, blacksmith. 
Corcoran George L., physician. 
Day & Co., (William H. D. and James Hazen,) 

general store. 

Fisher Harvey L., blacksmith. 
Fisher James, wagon mkr. 
Furniss David C., carpenter. 
Harrington & Heryer, general store. 
Kellogg Mrs. Mary, milliner. 
Lovett Robert B., blacksmith. 
McCoy James, physician. 
Moss Samuel, carpenter. 
O'Donnell Edward P., general store. 
Plummer Tolman, carpenter. 
Ryan John, harness mkr. 
Slattery John, blacksmith. l 
Snider Samuel, wagon mkr. 
Warner Peter, (Rev.) Methodist. 
Worthington Nicholas, attorney. 


A township, and flourishing post village of 
Kendall county, about 53 miles from Chicago, 
via Bristol Station, on the Chicago, Burling- 
ton and Quincy Railroad. The Fox river sep- 
arates Bristol from Yorkville. A new court 
house is in process of erection on the Yorkville 
side of the river. The place is furnished with 
two hotels and several machine shops. It 
contains three churches, viz : Baptist, Con- 
gregational and Methodist. Population about 
1,000. Postmaster, Francis T. Seely. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Bolster Silas, carpenter. 

Boutwell Augustus, wagon mkr. 

Brewer James, (Rev ) Congregational. 

Church Nat, saloon. 

Cooper Henry, boots and shoes. 

Cooper Henry, jr., propr. Bristol house, and 

harness mkr. 
Eldred Holden, mason. 
Eldred Robert, mason. 
Eldred Timothy, mason. 
Emmons Lawrence, atty. 
Gale Elbridge, (Rev.) Baptist. 
Gillis C., general store. 
Graham William, blacksmith. 
Haigh Daniel, real estate agt. 
Hopkins Miron, physician. 
Hopkins Robert, physician. 
Jorden Charles A., mason. 
Lane Levi H., dentist. 
Lane & Arnold, (Menzo W. L. and Andrew H. 

A.,) flouring mill. 
McMertrie Robert, blacksmith. 
Roberts Charles W., mason. 
Toplin Warren, (Rev.) Methodist. 
Togal Charles, general store. 

W. K.T3IBAI.L, Piano Fortes, Melodeoiis and Parlor Organs. Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 L.ake State, Chicago, 111. 





Wan George carriage and wagon nikr. 
Wheeler Calvin, physician. 

Bristol Station, 

A post village in the township of Bristol, 
Kendall county, 48 miles from Chicago, on 
the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. 


A post village in Lincoln township, Logan 
county, 160 miles from Chicago, and 120 from 
St. Louis, on the St. Louis, Alton & Chicago 

I Wallace Samuel, dry goods. 
Walton Benjamin, physician. 
Walter B. & Sons, saw mill. 
Walton John, (Rev.) Christian. 


A post office in Emmet township" McDon- 
ough county. 


A small post village in Trivoli township, 
Peoria county. 


A township and post village of Schuyler 
county. About 240 miles from Chicago, via. 
Augusta, on -the Chicago, Bulington & Quincy 


Brush Creek, 

A township and post village of Wayne coun- 

Brushy Fork, 

A post office of Douglas county. 

Brookville, Bryant, 

A township and post village of Ogle county, j A fc vil , in Buckhart township) Fu i ton 
-about 23 miles Irom Freeport, ma. Haldane, | count Qn t g e Lewiston branch Peoria & 

I Oquawka Railroad, about 200 miles from Chi- 
! cago. Population, 200. Assistant postmas- 


A post village and township in Schuyler 

ter, A. R. Haynes. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

county, on the Illinois river. It is 200 miles Qoforth William P., saloon, 
from Chicago, via. the Chicago & Rock Island 

and Bureau Valley Railroads. It contains four 
churches, viz: Baptist, ..Christian, Methodist 
and United Brethren. Population, 300. Post- 
master, G. H. Nelson. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Anderson Robert, mason. 

Baker Thomas, blacksmith. 

Bogue Q. R. & Co., flour mil). 

Campbell Lloyd, carpenter. 

Cook Martin, livery stable. 

Dilworth & Vanters, dry goods. 

Dray Sherman, real estate agt. 

Ellet William, carriage nikr. 

Fissett Peter, dentist. 

Gribble Carl, blacksmith. 

Hollingsworth G. B., general store and hotel. 

Hollingsworth Mary, Mrs., milliner. 

Horn George, saloon. 

Hunter John, cabinet mkr. 

Lancaster Hartwell, attorney at law. 

Lancaster Laura, Miss, milliner. 

Lancaster William, blacksmith. 

Lasiter W. G., photographist. 

Nelson G. II., general store. 

Perkins, H. H. & P., confectionery. 

Phillips Samuel, hotel. 

Phillips Thomas, physician. 

Redman John, cooper. 

Sherrell. Leonard, cooper. 

Sidles, John P., attorney at law. 

Skiles William, (Rev.) United Brethren. 

Smith Samuel, gunsmith. 

Thatcher W. B., cigar dealer. 

Thornton Moses, (Rev.) Baptist. 

Hasson James M., saw mill. 
Hendershott Jno., carpenter and cabinet mkr. 
McDowell, John W., mason. 
Powell Jesse, hotel. 
Roberts Joseph T., cooper. 
Stoner Michael C., blacksmith. 
Walker James H., carpenter and cabinet mkr. 
Wilcoxen James C., general store and saw 


A village in Beaver Creek township, Hamil- 
ton county, about 35 miles west, south-west 
of Grayville, on the Wabash river. 

Buck Horn, 

A township and post village in the south- 
west corner of Brown county. 


A township and post village of Christian 
county, about 25 miles south-east of Spring- 


A post village in Concord township, Bureau 
county, on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railway, 122 miles from Chicago. The coun- 
try surrounding it is rich and fertile, and well 
j adapted to the growth of wheat and corn. 
The village has not grown so rapidly as many 
western railway town?, but its growth has 
been gradual and healthy, and in point of en- 

WHTCEI/EIi A: WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Geo. R. Chittenden, General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, iTOinu. & N, Indiana. 





terprise, it is fully equal to any of its sisters 

towns. The location and the many public 

buildings, give the place a fine appearance. 

It contains four churches, viz: Baptist, Con- 
gregational, Methodist and Union; also, a 

lodge of the Sons of Temperance. It has a 

tebgraph office. Population 400. Postmas- 
ter, George S. Emerson. 

Professions, Trades, etc, 

Bhke John, mason. 

Boaser John, tobacco and cigar mnfr. 

Bnwn James A., carriage and wagon mkr. 

Biown Joseph A., carriage and wagon mkr. 

Can Charles, wagon mkr. 

Ctbb Chauncy, carpenter. 

Ccvell Chester, (Rev.) pastor Union church. 

Ccvey Rufus, mason. 

Cusman Jacob S., cabinet mkr. 

Cirties James M., supervisor. 

Denton Samuel F., town clerk. 

Denton Bros., (Oliver and C.,) general store. 

Diltz David, wagon mkr. 

Dixon A. T., (Rev.) pastor Congregational 

Emerson & Choate, (George S. E. and Samuel 
L. C.) general store. 

Emerson George S., agt. American Express. 

Emerson Jess,e, attorney at law. 

Fuller George H., r physician. 

Sreen Thomas W., grocer. 

Grunn Abel H., general store. 

Eolton Noble, physician. 

Hoxie Clark W., grocer. 

KELLOGG GEORGE W., station agent 

Kirkpatrick William L., photographist. 

Marsh Augustus A., stoves and tinware. 

Martin Curtis D., harness maker. 

Martin C. D. Mrs., milliner. 

Maycock James B., carpenter. 

Potter Calvin, grain dealer. 

Potter N. A., telegraph operator. 

Randall William T., harness maker. 

Redmond Daniel, blacksmith. 

Riale J..& Son., (John R. and R. E. R.,) grain 
and lumber dealers. 

Shoup Thomas, cooper. 

Thomas George, blacksmith. 

Webb'Theron, blacksmith. 

Westervelt Benjamin J., carpenter. 

Westervelt Peter J., boot and shoemaker. 

Weston James W., grocer and propr. West- 
ern House. 

Buena Vista, 

A post village in Buckeye township, Ste- 
phenson county, about twelve miles north of 


A postoffice of Bear Creek township, Galla- 

tin county. 


Otherwise Mechanicsburg Station, is located 
in Sangamon county, surrounded by a fertile, 

well cultivated, rolling prairie country, and is 
14 miles east of Springfield, on the Great 
Western Railway. The village, which has 
grown up within a few years, contains about 
300 inhabitants. There is a flouring mill, two 
grain and produce shipping houses, and one 
Lodge of Good Templars. A great amount of 
business is done here in the way of local mer- 
chandise and the shipping of grain, cattle, 
hogs, ets. The name of the postoffice is Wat- 
son. Alexander M. Blair, postmaster. 
Professions, Trades, ete. 
Barnet John, blacksmith. 
BLAIR & ROBINSON, grain and lumber 


Crosby Edward G., engineer. 
Dikeman & Fry, grain and produce dealers. 
Dikeman & Wilson, general store. 
Enlow, propr. " Watson Mills." 
Ford Sylvester, builder. 
Foster J. 0., blacksmith. 
HATHAWAY, HALL & CO., general store. 
Holcomb Harley, physician. 
HOLLENBECK, ANDREW F., groceries and 


Leeds Peter T., physician. 
Meredith G., carpenter. 
Miller James G., " Watson Mills." 
O'CONNOR DAVID, saddler and harness 


Randall Gushom A., physician. 
Rhoads John W., boot and shoemaker. 
Rickey James, carpenter. 
ROBINSON & BRO., general store. 

Buffalo Prairie, 

A postoffice and township of Rock Island 
county. The township contains about 900 in- 
habitants, a Methodist Episcopal Church and 
a Lodge of Odd Fellows. Mails are received 
once a week. Postmaster, F. J. Whitney. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Baker Charles, general store. 
Bridges Jackson, carriage and wagon maker. 
Ellsworth C. R., blacksmith. 
Forsyth William, blacksmith. 
Morriron William S., physician. 
Platt George, blacksmith. 
Strofer William, cooper. 
Taylor James, (Rev.,) Methodist pastor. 


A postoffice in Macoupin county. 


A post village in Loda township, Iroquois 
county, about 94 miles from Chicago, on the 
Chicago Branch of the Illinois Central Rail- 

Bunker Hill, 

A township and post village in Macoupin 
county, on the Terre Haute, Alton & St. Louis 
Railroad. It has one of the finest locations in 
the State. The buildings are mostly of brick, 

"W. W. 

, Piano Fortes, ITIelodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 





and all of the improvements are of the most 
substantial kind. It contains some "fine 
church buildings, one college or high school, 
and several public schools. Population, 1,200, 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Adams Edward M., tailor. 
Baker George, blacksmith. 
Bumann W. D. C., grocer. 
Bumfcnn & Botefuhr, grain dealers.! 
Campbell Charles C., dry goods. 
Clark James B., wagon maker. 
Clark Samuel S., general store. 
Cummings James, undertaker. 
Delano John A., druggist. 
Dickey Robert, wagon maker. 
Drew George, harness maker. 
Dunn J. M. & Co., dry goods. 
Eidman George, grocer. 
Freidrickson, butcher. 
Guant John, flour mill. 
Hook William, propr. Bunker Hill Mills. 
Howell Ebenezer, physician. 
Howland Elijah, police magistrate. 
Huggins P. C., flour mill. 
Hutchingson & Co., dry goods. 
Jenks 0., wagon maker. 
Johnson Charles G., harness maker. 
Johnson Lewis, butcher. 
Mamley William, dry goods. 
Morrison Johnson, blacksmith. 
Nibbs L. A., lumber dealer. 
Noyes & Shurburne, dry goods. 
Pennington James T , grain dealer. 
Saunders Thomas, blacksmith. 
Shout Conrad, grocer. 
Spanganberg Charles, grocer. 
Taylor John D., physician. 
Wright H. W. & Co., hardware. 

Bureau Junction, 

A Tillage in Bureau county, at the junction 
of the Chicago & Rock Island and Peoria & 
Bureau Valley Railroads, 122 miles from Chi- 
cago. It is surrounded by a good farming 
country. Fruit is grown in abundance, and 
building timber is plenty. It contains one 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Edge William, blacksmith. 

Ganahl Frantz, saloon. 

McLaughlin Lawrence, grocr's and provisions. 

Nash Charles T., propr. Bureau House. 

Shields William M., (postmaster,) groceries. 

Waugh Richard R., agent American Express. 


A township and post Tillage of Pulaski 
county, about eight miles north of Cairo, on 
the Illinois Central Railroad. 


A small post village in New Design town- 
ship, Monroe county. 


A township and post village of Kane county, 
about 57 miles from Chicago, via Elgin on the 
Galena & Chicago Union Railroad. 


A township and postoffiee of Henry county. 


A postoflfice in Walnut Grove townsKp, 
McDonough county, on the Macomb and Rock 
Island stage route, 185 miles from Chicago. 
The surrounding country is a beautiful prairie. 
In the vicinity are two churches, viz.: Baptist 
and Presbyterian. Four mails are received 
per week. Postmaster, George Bishop. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Cain Charles, (ReT.,) Free Will Baptist. 
Dungan David J., physician. 
Hersey William, wagon maker. 
Norton John, wagon maker. 
Parkinson M. C., physician. 

Burnt Prairie. 

A village in the northern part of White 
county, on the stage roul^e from Carmi to 
Xenia, 15 miles west of Grayville oa the 
Wabash River. It has a large produce busi- 
ness, and contains a Presbyterian Church. 
Population, 112. Postmaster, Baldy F. Davis 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Campbell James, carpenter. 

Funkhouser John F., general store. 

Gunn William, cooper. 

Johnson Riley V., groceries and provisions. 

Kelley Benjamin, harness maker. 

Moore Robert, physician. 

Morrison James, general store. 

Morrison Peter, blacksmith. 

Reeves Jekiel H., groceries and provisions. 

Shores John, groceries and provisions. 

Simpson Alexander G., flour and saw mill. 

Smith Andrew, general store. 

Vertrees Samuel W., physician. 


A township and small post village of Win- 
nebago county. 


A post village and township of Adams 
county, eight miles south-east of Quincy on th 
Quincy and Perry stage route. It contains a 
Methodist Church, and receives one mail per 
day. Population, 200. Postmaster, Samuel 
S. Meacham. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Berblinger J. G., boot and shoemaker. 
Childress Major D., propr. " Burton House." 
Eulon Isaac JR., wagon maker. 
Landon W. M., physician. 
Pulman Daniel C., cooper. 

WHEELER & WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 L,ake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Geo. K. Chittenden, General Agent for 111., \Vis., Iowa, Minn. & HT. Indiana. 






A thriving post town of Prairie City town- 
ship, in McDonough county, on the Chicago & 
Quincy Railrord, 195 miles from Chicago, and 
71 from Quincy. It was laid out in 1854, and 
is situated on a beautiful rolling prairie of un- 
surpassed fertility. As the county filled up, 
the town increased in size and importance, 
until at present there are 1,500 inhabitants. 
It contains three churches, viz.: Dutch Re- 
formed, Methodist Episcopal and German 
Methodist twenty-two business houses, a 
steam flouring mill, a large steam grain ele- 
vator, and several smaller grain house?. It 
has also a Masonic Lodge (T. J. Pickel) No. 

The shipments from this place were, for the 
year 1862, over 400,000 bushels of grain and 
325 car loads of live stock. Coal and building 
material abound in the vicinity. During the 
year 1863, 70 buildings were erected, and yet 
the supply is not equal to the demand. The 
town is becoming one of the most flourishing 
and active in this section of the State. 
Professions, Trades, etc. 
Alexander, Churchill & Twyman, lumber mer- 
Aller & West, (Jacob H. A. and Stockton 

W.,) general store, and grain dealers. 
Arnold Joseph, billiard hall. 
BALL IRA D., carriage and wagon maker. 
Beard & Kinne, (Thomas J. B., of Macomb, 
aud Ezra P. K., hardware, stoves and 

Clarke Albert S., physician and surgeon. 
Clarke H. T. & Co., (Albert S. Clark), drugs, 

books and stationery. 

Cole & Wallers, (James C. and Jacob C.) gen- 
eral stone and grain dealers. 
Cowgill George J., physician and surgeon. 
DAVIDSON, NATHAN & JOHN, carpenters 

and builders. 
Epperson G. M. & Co., (Harrison Everett), 

Fowler & Tharp, (Henry P. and Charles W. T.). 

boot and shoe dealers. 

Frankenberg Samuel L., boot and shoe maker. 

worker and dealer. 
GOODRICH BENJAMIN F., prop'r Bushnell 


Gray J. K., lawyer. 
HAMILTON &"CO., general store and stock 

and grain dealers. 

HAMRICK WESTLEY, ambrotype and pho- 
tograph artist. 

Hendee S..A. & C. M., Bushnell Flour Mill. 
Hendee & Willson, (Stephen A. K. and Ed- 
ward W.) general store. 
HESS ABRAHAM, hardware, stoves, and 


Holverscheid Rob't, jeweller and watchmaker. 
Hunt John B., warehouse and grain dealer. 
Kennedy B. B. (Rev.,) pastor Methodist church. 
Lichtendahl Herman J., boot and shoe maker. 
Livingston E. P., (Rev.,) pastor of the Dutch 
Reformed church. 

Louterbach William, saloon. 

Ludwig & Krauser, (George L. and Frank K.) 

furniture manufacturers. 
McELVAIN & DOWNEY, (Isaac N. McE. and 

Harvey D.,) blacksmiths. 
McGahan Alex. H., agent C. B. & Q. R. R. 

and Am. express. 
Mairs & Burpee, (Nathan T. M. and George 

W. B.) groceries, oils, lamps, etc. 
Morgan & Gurnee, carpenters and builders. 
Negly Eliab L., insurance agent. 
Nickey & Walling, (Benjamin F. N. and Austin 

P. W.) carpenters and builders. 
Odell John J., carpenter and builder. 
Oglesbee William H., lawyer. 
Oliver William R., general store. 
Parker Alexander, general store. 
Radenbach Jacob, carpenter and builder. 
Randall Abbie A. Mrs., milliner and dress- 

Randall Robert S., lawyer. 
Reed John S., meat market. 
Sanders Joseph T., lawyer. 
Schlagerhauf S., (Rev.,) pastor of the German 

Methodist church. 
Schroeder Fred. H., grain- elevator. 
Scroggs Robert G., physician and surgeon. 
Secor P. S., phycisian and surgeon. 
Shreves Ellen J,, milliner and dressmaker. 
Shreves William & Son., (John G.), general 

store, porkpackers and produce dealers. 
SID WELL & KELLY, (Elwood S. and James 

W. K.) general store. 

Smith James, livery, sale and exchange stable. 
SPADER JOHN A., proprietor National Hotel 
and meat market. See card business directory. 
Spears Douglas, Justice of the peace. 
Spicer S. J. and J. B., drugs and groceries. 
Stewart & Clarke, (William G. S. and Jasper 

S. C.) general store. 
SUTHERLAND DARIUS L., carpenter and 

Wafer & Spear, (John J. W. and Douglas S.) r 

saddle, harness and trunk maker. 
WELLS THOMAS, lumber merchant and 


and William L.), wagonmaker* and black - 


Wood J. M., groceries and provisions. 
WOOLLEY PARDON, blacksmith. 
Wright W. T , physician and surgeon. 
Wyckoff David M., notary public. 


A township and post village of Montgomery 
county on the Terre Haute, Alton and St. 
Louis Railroad, 63 miles from St. Louis. It 
has two churches, Methodist and Presbyterian. 
Population '200. Postmaster, S. M. Hay wood 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Barn John, carriage maker. 
Brookman William, carpenter. 
Bryce Robert, blacksmith. 
Condy Alexander, dry goods. 
Daly Doran, saloon. 

. \V. KIIttBAL,!,, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 





George James "\Y., carpenter. 

Harper Charles, physician. 

Ha^wood Samuel M., dry goods. 

Hedges Samuel M., general store. 

Hoffman & Co., flour mill. 

McMurtry Matthew, grain dealers. 

McReynolds William B., boot and shoe maker 

and prop'r Hotel. 

Meissner Charles A., general store. 
Murray Tim, saloon. 
Price Robert, blacksmith. 
Sargeant W., physician. 
Titcomb Henry H., carpenter. 
Yoges Henry, boot and shoe maker. 
Washburn L. D., boot and shoe maker. 
White Jacob B., physician and druggist. 
W,ilson A. G., dry goods. 
Wilson Henry, carpenter. 


A township and village of Ogle county on 
Rock river, about 105 miles from Chicago via 
Rockford on the Chicago and Galena Union 
Railroad. It contains a Congregational and 
Methodist church, a Masonic Lodge and Lodge 
of Good Templars and also one foundry and 
two plow shops. Population 400. Postmaster, 
Wm. C. Dunning. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Ames John, prop'r "Byron Hotel." 

Byington Albert, iron founder. 

Campbell Anning 0, general store. 

Christopher John S., wagon maker. 

Dunning William C., insurance agent. 

Dwight Solomon, blacksmith. 

Eaton Charles B., harness maker. 

Fisk Moses B., wagon maker. 

Gaston Joseph H., harness maker. 

Hewit Amberson, blacksmith. 

Jarver Anthony, blacksmith. 

Johnston James, hardware. 

Lawrence James, physician. 

Mesic Charles L., physician. 

Mix Silas St. John, general store. 

Murray William, cooper. 

Odlin William H., boot and shoemaker. 

Read Lucius, agent real estate. 

Senser James R., merchant tailor. 

Shoot John, prop'r Glen Haven Mills, (flour). 

Strang Peter, blacksmith. 

Wing Horace S., boot and shoemaker. 

Wood Dudley, iron founder. 

York Nelson H., mason. 


An old French settlement, situated in the 
American bottom in St. Clair county, ten 
miles north of west from Belleville. 

Cairo. n\*/*aT\cK 

The most important city of Southern Illi- 
nois, situated in the extreme southern part of 
the state on the point of land at the confluence 
of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Owing to 
its favorable location as a shipping point, 

Cairo has for many years attracted the atten- 
tion of capitalists, and several attempts have 
been made to establish here a great commer- 
cial city ; until a few years since, however, 
owing to the lowness of the situation and to 
its frequent inandation, together with the un- 
healthfulness of the climate, all efforts to 
build up the place had proved abortive. As 
early as 1818 a company was organized and a 
charter obtained from the Territorial Govern- 
ment granting certain privileges to the cor- 
porators, who laid out a magnificent city here, 
(on paper), but never succeeded in carrying 
out their designs beyond the erection of a few 
miserable shanties. The " Eden " of Dicken's 
"Martin Chuzzlewitt" is acknowledged to 
have been a tolerably fair representation of 
the Cairo of that early day. 

In 1837 another company, nothing daunted 
by the fate of its predecessor, obtained a 
charter under the title of the " Cairo City and 
Canal Co.", but after three or four years of 
fruitless effort, during which time they parti- 
ally constructed a levee and erected many 
buildings, the> were obliged to suspend opera- 
tions and abandon the enterprise as a failure. 
Notwithstanding these unsuccessful attempts 
the naturally commanding situation of the 
place, evidently designed by nature for the 
location of a large city, continued to attract 
the attention of capitalists, and in 1853 the 
location was purchased by an association 
formed under the title of "the " Cairo City 
Property Co." This company, profiting by 
the experience of the former proprietor?, com- 
menced operations with the determination to 
succeed. In the spring of 1853 the first lot 
was sold by this company, though for several 
years they devoted more attention to the per- 
manent improvement of the place than to the 
sale of lots. The buildings erected by the 
previous companies were cleared away, and 
the work upon the levee, commenced by the 
" Canal Co.", was carried to a successful com- 
pletion by the 111. Central Railroad Company, 
under the auspices of the city trustees. The 
completion of the railroad to this point and 
the construction of the substantial paved levee, 
at once gave an impetus to business, and 
from that date the sale of lots went on briskly 
and settlers flocked in from all quarters. 

The city, as above stated, lies at the con- 
fluence of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, 175 
miles below St. Louis, and 365 miles south 
from Chicago. It is the seat of justice of 
Alexandria county, and has a population of 
nearly 10,000. The ground upon which the 
city is built is entirely of alluvial formation, 
and is protected from inundation by a sub- 
stantial levee fronting upon both rivers, but 
1 cutting off about 10,000 acres of land at the 
'(extreme point, a great proportion of which is 
I covered at high water. The city plat forms ' 
nearly a perfect triangle, about two miles in 
length and same distance across the widest 
part. In size the lots are 25 feet front by 
100 deep, and at the present time (1864) range 

WHEEL.EH fc WILSON'S Sewiii? Machines, 106 take Street, CIiica S o, 111. 
Ceo. It. Chittenden, General Agent for UK, Wis., Iowa, Minn, & IV, Indiana, 





in price from $250 to $750 for residence, and ledged and now that the local objection of 
with scarcely any limit for business purposes, lowness of situation and consequent unheaith- 
Along the Ohio Levee, for upwards of a mile, j fulness has been overcome by the enterprise 
there is an unbroken line of business houses, j of its citizens, there is nothing to prevent the 
while stores and dwellings are rapidly filling city of Cairo from fulfilling itsdestiny and be- 
up the streets in the centre of the city. At 
the lower end of the Ohio Levee, the St. 
Charles Hotel, costing $60,000, and deemed a 
monument of folly at the time of its erection, 

is now entirely inadequate to the requirements 
of the city, and numerous other first class 
hotels are in process of erection. The city 
now contains a handsome court house, erected 
at a cost of $30,000, seven churches, a hand- 

coming the great central commercial city of 

All steamboats ascending and descending 
the Ohio and Mississippi rivers touch at this 
point, including the beautiful boats of the 

" St. Louis and Memphis Packet do." A daily 
line of boats also ply between the city and 
Paducah, also to Evansville, Columbus, Mem- 
phis, and New Orleans, while transient boats 
some market house, two banking houses, a arrive and depart almost daily for all points 

bank of issue, a convent, two theatres, two 
daily newspapers (having weekly issues), two 
lodges each of Masons and Odd Fellows, a 
ship yard, three iron foundries and machine 
shops, a saw mill, planing mill, and sash, 
door and blind factory, a large flour mill (ma 
nufacturing about 50,000 bbls. of flour per 
year) upwards of a dozen hotels, and a large 
number of wholesale and retail business houses, 
etc., a full alphabetical list of which will be 
found below. The " Sisters of Loretto," a 
charitable Catholic society, have now in pro- 

above and below, and for the Cumberland and 
Tennessee rivers. A railroad is projected 
through the western counties of "Egypt," to 
connect with the road at Belleville, for St. 
Louis, forming almost an air-line road to that 
city. Another road is also projected to Evaus- 
ville. and eventually to Cincinnati. 

(We will state for the information of per- 
sons interested in this city, that full particu- 
lars as to price of lots, etc., can be obtained 
by addressing " S. S. TAYLOR, ESQ., TRUSTEE 

cess of erection a large and beautiful convent 

and seminary, to cost upwards of $35,000, the Professions, Trades, etc. 

ground having been generously donated by ABLE DAN & CO., transfer agts. I. C. R. R. 
the City Property Co. The Illinois Central also general forwarding aad commission 

Railroad Co. has just commenced the erection merchants and wharf boat proprs. (See 

of an immense passenger station, with hotel j a d v t p xxxix ) 
combined, designed to be the largest and most ; ALDER' I.' &' W.', (Isaac and William,) mer- 

elegant structure of the kind in the United 
States. The important work of filling up the 
streets to the level of the levees has already 
commenced and will be pushed rapidly forward", 
thus elevating the entire city nearly ten feet, 
and rendering future indundations almost im- 
possible. Besides the above there are numer- 
ous other improvements in progress, among 
which we may enumerate the extension of 
the stone pavement on the levee, together 
with the construction of a substantial plank 
road along its entire length, the introduction 
of gas, etc., etc., rendering it, in fact, one of 
the most progressive and rapidly improving 
cities to be found on the continent. 

The United States Government has a mili- 
tary post here called " Fort Cairo," and since 
the commencement of the Southern rebellion j 
has maintained a considerable force of soldiers' 
here. It is also a naval station and one of the 
principal points in the west for the equipment 
of the river navy. The military and naval oc- 
cupation of the town 1ms tended greatly to 
its prosperity and given an impetus to all 
kinds of trade. At the period of the present ! 
writing there is perhaps no more prosperous 
city in the country, and nona that presents 
greater attractions for the investment of capi- 
tal and employment of labor. The great na- 
tural advantages of its location, commanding, 
as it doe?, the navigation of the two great 
rivers of the continent, and having immediate 
railroad connection with great commercial 

centres of the country, are universally acknow- ' Cain Andrew, saloon. 

chant tailors, and dealers in clothing, 
hats, caps, boots, shoes, etc. 

Abba William, barber. 

Anton William, boot and shoe mkr. 

ANTRIM JOHN, merchant'tailor, and dealer 
in military goods. 

ARTER & MARTIN, (Daniel A., and Jacob 
M.,) grocery and feed. 


BARKER WILLIAM, whol. grocer and com. 
mer. (See advt. p. xxxvi.) 

Bates Alexander T. carpenter and builder. 

Becker Frederick, periodicals. 

Bedard & Knickerbocker, (Frank W. B., and 
.James W. K.,) proprs. St. Charles Hotel. 

BEERWART, ORTH & CO., stoves and tin- 

Belzner Reinhold, saloon. 

Bergen .Dennis, carpenter and builder. 

Billington Robert J;, propr. National House. 

BLELOCK & CO., whol. and ret. books, sta- 
tionery, music, musical instrument, and 
fancy goods ; also, Paducah, Memphis, 
Vicksburg, Columbus, and Mound City. 

Brock John, saloon. 

BROSS FREDOLINE, justice of the peace 
and notary public. 

Bross Frederick, justice of peace and prop, of 
Central House. 

Buder E & W., (Edward and William,) watch- 
makers and jewelers. 

BROWN JOHN L., groceries, wines, etc. 

. IV. K.IOTBAI*!*, Piano Fortes, ITlelodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 





CAIRO CITY MILLS, (flour,) Charles Gali- 
<*her & Co. proprs. (See advt. p. xxxix.) 

and Edward Parsons, Trnstees. 

CAIRO DEMOCRAT, (daily and weekly, dem- 
ocratic,) published by the Cairo Demo- 
cratic Publishing Co. (See card p. 

CAIRO IRON WORKS, Reed & Mann proprs. 
(See advt. p. xxxix.) 

Callahan Thomas, saloon. 

CAPREATY JEROME, saloon and eating 

Carroll John, carpenter and builder. 

Caton Martin, saloon. 

Central House, F. Bross, propr. 

Cijy Brewery, Feucher & Schwanitz, propra. 

CITY BANK OF CAIRO, A. B. Safford, cask. 
James C. Smith, pres. (See advt. p. 

Clancy John, saloon. 

Clancy Patrick, boarding house and saloon. 

Collins John, attorney at law. 


Conway Michael A., saloon. 

Coughlin David, clothing, boots and shoes. 

Cox Bernard, saloon. 

Cozier & Elliott, dry goods, boots and shoes. 

CULLEY RODNEY C., watchmr and jeweler 
CUNNINGHAM & WHITE, whol. and ret 

dry goods, crockery, hardware, boots and 

shoes, etc. 

Curley Richard, tailor. 
Gushing & Huntington, proprs. Gushing House 

and Union Eating House. 
CUSHING HOUSE, Cushing & Huntington, 

CUSHING J. & SONS, (Joshua, John, and 

George T.,) whol. and ret. dealers in ice, 

game, fish, and produce. (See advt., p. 


DAVIS EMERALD F., grocery and liquors. 


Derby H. L., Mrs. milliner. 
Devoto Lewis & Co., saloon and dealers in 

fruits, confectionery, etc. 
DIMMITT & CUNDIFF, groceries and pro- 

Doll Andreas, boot and shoe mkr. and dealer. 
Dunning C. W., physician. 
Eagan Anthony, bowling saloon. 
Eble Charles, propr. Planters' House. 
Ehs Peter, baker. 
Fahey James, harness mkr. 
Farrell James, saloon. 
Fellnagel Joseph, saloon. 

Joseph S.,) proprs. City Brewery. 
First National Bank, J. W. Trover, prest., D. 

Hurd, cash., W. H. Morris, teller. 
FORD DAVID, watch mkr. and jeweler. 
FOSTER FREDERICK A., agt. for Memphis & 

St. Louis Packets. 
FRICK JOSEPH K, architect and builder. 

FROST & CYRUS, (Joe! K. F., and John M. 
C.,) com. mer. and whol. and ret. dealers 
in prod. 

Fry Malker, shoemaker. 
Fullinwider Samuel N., prod, dealer. 
Fulton & Co., blacksmiths and wagon mkrs. 
Gablowsky Charles, shoemaker. 
Gabledowski Gabriel, undertaker. 
Graham,) proprs. Cairo City Mills. See 
advt. p. xxxix.) 

Gallup George, telegraph operator I. C. R. R. 
George Moritz, barber. 
GERHARD PHILIP, eating house. 
Gooden William, prop. St. Francis Hotel. 
Goodhue Henry F., eating house. 
Goodman James A., physician. 
GORDON JACOB J., physician. 
Green John W., propr. Louisiana Hotel. 
Greenley Orsarnus, county sheriff. 
Greenley & Hodge, livery. 
HAAS & STERNHEIMER, (Simon H., Moses 

S.,) dealers in sutlers' supplies. 
Hacker William, attorney at law. 
Halcourl Joseph, rigger, and awning and 

hammock mnfr. 
Hall Edward K., physician. 
HALLIDAY BROTHERS, (William P., and 
Samuel B.,) general agts., forwd. and 
com. mers. (See advt. %> xxxvii.) 
HAMILTON & RILEY, (John H., Patrick R.) 
dry goods, furniture, boots and shoes, 
hardware, etc. 
HARDMAN DANIEL, eating house and saloon 
HARMONIA HALL, (theatre,) Charles Meh- 

ner, propr. 
HARMAN JOHN Q. & CO., (Alexander H. 

Irvin,) real estate agents. 
Harman John Q., county and circuit clerk. 
HARRELL & BRO., (Bailey S. and Moses B.) 

furniture and house furnishing goods. 
Hart wood Martin R., painter. 
HATFIELD, J. N., propr. Tremont House. 

See advt. p. xxxvi.) 

HAYDOCK RICHARD M., forwd. and com. 
mer. and wharf boat propr. (See advt. p. 

Hayward Frederick, county surveyor. 
IIEHL DANIEL, boot and shoemkr and dealer 
Held Frank, eating house and saloon. 
Herwig Emil, physician. 
Hiebold Philip, carpenter and builder. 
HILL J. WAG LEY, dry goods, ladies' shoes, 

millinery and fancy goods. 
Hock Casper, saloon. 
Hodges Alexander C., county judge. 
Hodges John, deputy sheriff. 
HOLMES JOSEPH, eating house and saloon. 
Huber Otto & Brother, clothes scourer and 


Humphrey Henry C., com. mer. 
HUMPHREY J'. B. & CO., (Jesse B. H., 
James M. Delay, and Charles W. H.) 
whol. and ret. druggists. (See advt. p. 

WHEEL.KR & AVILSON'S Se\ving Machines, 106 Lake Street, hicaj>o, 111. 
Geo. R. Cliittendeii, General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, Minn. & N. Indiana. 





Hunsackcr Nicholas, county treasurer and as- 

HUNTINGTON & TUCKER, groceries. 
Hurd Daniel, whol., grocery. 
Irvin Alexander H., city clerk, and clerk C. 

C. P. 

Jameson Riley G., photographer. 
Jones Henry E., baker. 
Jones Simon, shoemaker. 
Kelly John H., prop. Virginia Hotel. 
King Alexander S., eating house and saloon. 
KIRBY PAUL T., rectifier and whol. dealer 

in wines and liquors. (See advL p. xxxix.) 
KITTRIDGE & CO., dealer in firearms a n d 

military goods. 
KALEB LEO, baker. 
KLUG TEMPLE, (William K., Anton T.,) 


Koch Christian, shoemaker. 
Koch Christopher, shoemaker. 
KOEHLER & KIEFER, mnfrs. and dealers in 


Kcerber Gotteleib, saloon. 
KURTZ CHARLES, baker, and dealer in con- 
fectionery, toys, etc. 
LAMPERT DANIEL, barber, also eating 


Lattner Henry, eating house. 
LEDERER JOSEPH, ready made clothing 

hats, caps, boots, shoes, etc. 
Leach Charles, saloon. 
LEHNING JACOB, mer. tailor, and dealer 

in clothing, hats caps, boots and shoes. 
Leonard Gabriel, blacksmith. 
LINEGAR & WOOD, (David T. L. and George 

H. W.,) attorneys at law and war claim 


LOUISIANA HOTEL, J. W. Green, propr. 
LUFKIN & PARKER, (Joseph H. L. and 

Daniel W. P.,) whol. and ret. groceries, 

liquors, etc. 

Lynch Timothy, saloon. 
McCallister Ponso, oyster saloon. 
McCarty Daniel, saloon. 
McCrite James E., county school com'r. 
McDonald J., painter. 
McFarland William & Co., prod, dealer. 
McKENZIE & MORRIS, (Joseph McK. and 

James S. M.,) lumber dealers. 
McManus Bocrnard, gents' furnishing goods. 
Maltby William F., harness mkr. 
MASON & WALKEY, (William D. M. and 

Benjamin W.,) com. mer. 
Mehan Thomas, saloon. 
Mehner Charles, propr. Harmonia Hall. 
MENDEL HERMAN, groceries, provisions, 

etc., also eating house. 
Messenger & Ilaynes, prod, and com. mer. 
MEYERS II. & CO., (Herman and William 

M.,) tobacconists. 
Miller John C., propr " Commercial House " 

and undertaker. 
MOCKLER PATRICK, deputy sheriff, and 


Morton J. II., barber, " St Charles Hotel." 

MUKEY & BAKER, (John H. M. and David 

J. B., Jr..) attorneys at law. 
Munn & Parker, photographers. 
MUNN, TIMONY & MUNN, (Benjamin M. 

M., J. Parker T. and Daniel W. M.,) at. 

torneys at law and war claim agents. 
" National House," R. J. Billington, propr. 
i Neff Adam, saloon. 
NEFF PETER, merchant tailor and dealer in 

clothing, hats caps, boots, shoes, etc.; 

also, saloon, and dealer in liquors, 

cigars, etc. 
Nelson J. & Co.. (John N. and Walter S. 

Edson,) proprs. " United States Hotel." 
Nicholson Peter A., architect. 

Co., proprs. 
NUERNBERGER AUGUST, eating house and 


O'Callahan Cornelius, stoves and tinware. 
O'Connor Patrick, saloon. 
OSWOLD E. H. MRS. & CO., millinery, 

toys and fancy goods. 
" Parker's Express," office on Daniel Able & 

Co.'s wharf boat. 
PARKED M. W. & T. J., (Miles W. and 

Thomas J.,) billiard saloon. 
Partridge Joseph, agent Adams' Express and 

European steamers. 
Peck Jonathan, eating house. 
Pettit Prof., physician. 
Pfifferling Charles, propr. Rising Sun Hotel. 
" PHCENIX HOUSE," C. Schcenmeyer, propr. 
PICARD & SCHARFF, (Marcus D. P. and 

Louis S.,) dry goods, boots, shoes and 

Yankee notions. 

" PLANTERS' HOUSE," Charles Eble, propr. 
Plum Louis, clothing, boots, shoes hats and 


IPOHLE & STOCKFLETH, (Franz p. and 

Frederick M. S.,) whol. wines, liquors and 
cigars ; also, saloon. 
Powers John, blacksmith. 
REARDEN J. E. & CO., (John E. R., and 
William A. Redman,) whol. and ret. 

I REED & MANN, (Joseph B. R. and Hugh M. 
M.,) proprs. "Cairo Iron Works." (See 
adtft p. xxxix.) 
Rees John, bakery. 

Reichert Edward, wholesale liquors and cigars. 
Reichert Ernest, saloon. 
RENNIE & McGEE, steamboat and general 

Reno Louis, s'aloon. 
"RISING SUN HOTEL," Charles Pfifferling, 


| RITTENHOUS & HANNY, (Wood R. and 
Christian H.,) hardware, crockery, dry 
goods, clothing, hats, caps, boots, shoes, 

j Roberts Thomas H., barber and wig maker. 
! Rooykker John, grocer, 
j Rose Alexander, saloon. 
'' Rose Frederick, sailor. 

W. W. KIUJBALL.. Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 






Ross E. G. Miss, music teacher. 

Rudert Charles, propr. *' Saxonia House." 

SACKBERGER JOHN, saloon and eating 

Sadler , painter. 

SAFFORD & SMITH, (Alfred B. S. and 
James C. S.,) general ins. agents and 
bankers. (See card, p. xxxviii.) 

Sawyer Charles S., station agt. I. C. R. R. 

" SAXONIA HOUSE," Charles Rudert, propr. 

Schoenmeyer Charles, propr. ' Phoenix House.' 

Schrceder & Lemcke, tobacconists. 

Schuh Charles, grocery. 

SCHUH P. G. &. CO., (Paul G. S. and John 
P. Taggart, M. D.,) druggists. 

SCHULEIN & CO., (Sigismond S. and Jo- 
seph Sondheimer,) clothing and gents' 
furnishing goods. 

Schultz Christian, grocer. 

SCHUTTER WILLIAM H., billiard saloon and 
whol. dealer in wines, liquors and cigars. 
(See advt, p. xxxix.) 

SILVER SOL. A., periodical dealer. 

SMITH ARTHUR F., stoves and tinware. 

SMITH HUGH, dry goods, clothing, boots, 
shoes, hats and caps. 


SMITH WARD L., lumber dealer. (See adv\ 
p. xxxix.) 

Smith William R., physician. 

SMYTHE BERNARD & CO., (whol. and ret. 
grocers and dealers in liquors, cigars, to- 
bacco, etc. (See adv't, p. xxxvii.) 

Spain Henry, barber. 

Spencer & Kellogg, lirery stable. 

" Stapleton House," Mrs. Stapleton, propr. 

"ST. CHARLES HOTEL,"' Ohio levee, Be- 
dard & Knickerbocker, proprs. 

Stevens J. H. & Co. (James H. S. and Joseph 
E. Streeper,) auctioneers and com. mer- 

"St. Francis Hotel," William Gooden, propr. 

Strauhall John, eating house and saloon. 


Swayne Winfrey N., whol. and ret. grocer. 

Talmage Isaac M., provost marshal. 

" THE DAILY NEWS," by the " Cairo News 
Co." (daily and weekly, war Democrat.) 

Theobald Frederick, barber. 


THRUPP CHARLES, city engineer. 

"TREMONT HOUSE," J. N. Hatfield, propr. 
(See adtft, p. xxxvi.) 

TROVER & MILLER, (John W. T. and 
Robert W. M.,) whol. and ret. groceries. 
(See adtft, p. xxxvii.) 

Tyner John N., acting postmaster. 

Co., proprs. 

VAN SISTEREN J. & CO., (Jacob V. S. and 
Enoch Jones,) whol. and ret. dealers in 
confectionery, fruits, etc.; also, tobac- 

VINCENT FRANCOIS, whol. and ret. dealer 
in groceries, produce, liquors, etc. 

44 VIRGINIA HOTEL," J. H. Kelly, propr. 


WALSH MARTIN, clothing. 

Walsh Matthew, saloon. 

Walsh <$c Bro., groceries and liquors. 

Walder J. & Co., clothing, hats, caps, boots, 
shoes, etc. 

Wa/ner Philip, saloon. 

WEBB H. WATSON, attorney at law. 

Weber Frederick, bakery. 

WEIL LOUIS, boot and shoemkr. and dealer. 

WHITAKER ALBERT R., druggist. 

Wickmeyer & Rice, carpenters and builders. 

Williams A. G., propr. "Defiance Theatre." 

Williams Isaac & Co., saw mill. 

Williams Nicholas, eating house and saloon. 

WILLIAMSON G. D. & CO., (George D! 
W., Emilius P. Haynes and George W. 
Hagey,) whol. and ret. grocers. (See 
adv't, p. xxxvii.) 

WILSON FRANK E., saloon and eating 

WILSON THOMAS, commission merchant. 

WINTER WILLIAM, whol. and ret. hard- 
ware, stoves, etc., and mnfr. of tin, cop- 
per and sheet iron ware ; also, saloon and 
eating house and whol. liquors ; also, por- 
trait and landscape painter. 

YEO FRANK, eating house and saloon. 

YOST WILLIAM J., attorney at law and no- 
tary public. 



A post village and capital of Pulaski county, 
on the Ohio River, about fifteen miles above 

Caledonia Station, 

A small village in the west part of Boone 
county, situated at the crossing of the Madi- 
son Branch of the G. & C. U. R. R. and the 
Kenosha, Rockford & R. I. Railroad. There is 
no church, but services are held by a resident 
clergymen. The Good Templars have a Lodge 
here. Postmaster, H. S. Grinnell. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Arnott John G. & Sons, general store. 

Bashelder Joseph, physician. 

Carpenter Adolphus, ins. agent. 

Carpenter Martha milliner. 

Champlin S. W., (Rev.,) clergyman. 

Chappie Thomas, carpenter. 

Chappie William, carpenter. 

Coonwall William, mason and builder. 

Cunningham Hugh, general store. 

Diamond Robert, mason and builder. 

Ford Richard, carpenter. 

Grinnell Hermon S., blacksmith. 

Hoard James M., physician. 

McNelage William, boot and shoemaker. 

Marshall Armott, ins. agent. 

Slater George, carriage and wagon makers. 

WHEELER A; WILSON'S Sewing Machines, IO6 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Geo. R, Cliitteudeii, General Agent for III., Wis,, Iowa, Minn. fc N. Indiana. 






A post village in Madison township, Rich- 
land county, 125 miles from St. Louis, via 
Olney on the Ohio & Mississippi Railroad. 


A township and post village in Douglas 
county, about six miles east of Tuscola on the 
Chicago Branch Illinois Central Railroad, via 
which it is 156 miles from Chicago. 


A township and village in Henry county, 
175 miles from Chicago, via Geneseo on the C. 
& R. I. R. R. It has one mail per day, and 
contains three churches, viz.: Baptist, Con- 
gregational and Methodist. The Chronicle, a 
weekly newspaper, is published here, by L. H. 
Patten. The village has a Masonic and an 
Odd Fellows Lodge. Population of township, 
2,500. Postmaster, Nelson B. Browning. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Alfred S. D., dry goods. 
Ayrea Vincent M., flour mill. 
Baker John D., (Rev.,) Congregational. 
Bell John A., physician. 
Biggs John J., blacksmith. 
Bishell J. & John A., dentists. 
Browning Nelson S., druggist. 
Edson Ambler, (Rev.,) Baptist. 
Everett Joseph, harness maker. 
Fleharty J. J., (Rev.,) Methodist. 
Gardinier Jacob, mason. 
Gran C. H., physician. 
Hinman & Page, attorneys at law. 
Johnson Anthony J., physician. 
Kirkpatrick Joseph, boot and shoemaker. 
Lee Mrs., milliner. 
Mascall James & Bro., dry goods. 
Mock & Maxwell, blacksmiths. 
Orcutt William, photographs, ambrotypes, etc. 
Patten L. H., editor and propr. Chronicle. 
Pierce Silas, wagon maker. 
Reed George M., cabinet maker. 
Shepard William, attorney at law. 
Solander Daniel, carpenter. 
Valentine John 0., saloon. 
Welton Street C., carpenter. 
Wir James J., propr. hotel. 


This village is situated in a township of the 
same name, Schuyler county, between Rush- 
ville and Augusta. There are four mails per 
week at this place. Merchandise is received 
from Chicago via. Chicago, Burlington & Quin- 
cy Railroad. There is one church here Wes- 
leyan Methodist ; also, a shingle factory, and 
a chair factory just going into operation. 
Population, 1,000. Thomas Weightman, post- 

Profession *, Trades, etc. 

Allphin Luke P., justice of the peace. 
Anderson C. P., cooper. 
Ayers Stephen A. J., grocer. 

Cady J. G., carpenter. <^ 

Evans Aquilla T., carpenter. 

Field Luther W., chair mnfr. 

Flanagan James, shingle mnfr. 

Harvey A. J., physician. 

McHatton & Watts, (Robert McH. and Wil- 
liam W.,) blacksmiths. 

Melvin William, blacksmith. 

Ward Joseph N., carpenter. 

West Solomon & James. A., proprs. flour 
and saw mill. 

Camden Mills, 

A post village in Rock Island county, four 
miles from Rock Island, with which it is con- 
nected by railroad. It is beautifully situated 
on Rock river, which is here full of islands, 
and crossed by four large bridges. It con- 
tains two flouring mills and several stores. 


A small village in Warren county, on the 
Chicago Burlington Railroad, 177 miles from 


A small post village in Pleasant Grove 
township, Coles county, 15 miles from Mattoon, 
on the Chicago branch Illinois Central, via. 
which it is 187 miles from Chicago. It has a 
semi-weekly mail, and contains a Presbyterian 
church. Population, 80. Postmaster, Ralph 
H. Osborne. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Easton Harmon, carriage and wagon mkr. 
Handley William, carriage and wagonmkr. 
Holbrook George, physician. 
Osborne D. S. general store. 
White John C., blacksmith. , 

Camp Grove, 

A postoffice in Penn townshp, Stark county. 

Camp Point, 

Is an incorporate post village, in a township 
of the same name, situated in the north-east 
part of Adams county, at the junction of the 
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy and the Quincy 
& Toledo Railroads, 246 miles south-west 
from Chicago, and 22 miles north-east from 
Quincy. This village, like many western 
towns* along the line of railways, is of recent 
date, having grown to its present size since 
1855, when the first house was built. It is 
located in the midst of a rich productive 
country. There are several fine strips of 
good timber, mostly along the streams, and 
two saw mills in the vicinity. There is a good 
supply of sandstone and bituminous coal. Its 
citizens are principally immigrants from the 
eastern states. There are five churches, rep- 
resenting the Baptist, Catholic, Christian, 
Methodist and Presbyterian denominations, 
and three church edifices ; also, three schools, 

W. W. KUflTBALI., Piano Fortes, Melodeoii* and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Ketatl, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, ill. 





but not one saloon at the time of canvass. 
Population of village about 1,100; township, 
2 ; 000. Postmster, Walter R. Kingsbury. 


Benjamin Lodge, A. F. & A. Masons, No. 
297, meets Thursday, on or before full 

Camp Point Lodge, No. 215, 7. 0. of 0. F. 
Silver Leaf Lodge, No. 201, 1. 0. of G. T. 
Professions, Trades, etc. 

ALTER CHARLES F.. photograph and am- 
brotype artist. 

Adams William W., general store. 

Bailey & Oliver, live stock and produce dealers. 

BAILEY & SAWYER, (Silas B. and Ephraim 
E. B. S.,) general store. (See card page 

Bauman John, wagon mkr. 

Chapman Robert, (Rev.,) Methodist. 

Childs Hervey, barpenter. 

Clark Samuel L., general store. 

Collins Archibald B., physician and surgeon. 

Curtis Elam B., general store. 

Farlow Samuel, livery stable. 

Flood Henry, mason. 

FRANCIS SAMUEL, propr. Adams house. 

Freese & Johnson, (Theodore W. F. and Wil- 
liam H. J.,) grain dealers. 

Garrett Peter B. & Son, (Robert W. G.,) flour 
and saw mill, and wool carding. 

Gohring John, butcher. 

Grung George, boot and shoemkr. 

Haley Colman, mason. 

HART THOMAS W., cooper. 

Henshaw Jefferson, wagon mkr. 

Herkert Ferdinand, tailor. 

Herndon P. M., insurance agt. 

Herndon Nancy, milliner. 

Humiston Henry, dealer in clocks, watches 
and jewefty. 

Johnson Hanson, butcher. 

Jones John L., (Rev.,) Presbyterian. . 

Kingsbury Walter R., drugs, books and ata- 

KIRKPATRICK JESSE J., drugs and gro- 

Kirkpatrick James E., physician. 

Leggett David, carpenter. 


Lewis John B., physician and surgeon. 

Lindsay James, insurance agt. 

LYON THOMAS A., surgeon dentist. 

MILEHAM SAMUEL, physician and surgeon. 

Miles William, tailor. 

Muller Henry, blacksmith. 

Mutz Anton, cabinet mkr. 

Oliver William L., general store. 

Prettyman Joshua, boot and shoemkr. 

Prettyman J. R. & Co., (John Prettyman,) 

REYNOLDS & CO., (James R., Hermann Kal- 
ler and Thomas Bailey,) foundry and ma- 
chine shop, and mnfrs. corn planters, 
plows, etc. 

ROTH & HANNA, (John A. R. and William 
H.,) general store, stove store. 

Stine Peter, cabinet mkr. 
Taylor Jacob K., blacksmith. 
Templeton William S., carpenter. 
THOMPSON SAMUEL C., propr. Reader 

house. (See card p. xxxix.) 
Underwood Peter, groceries. 
Van Stavern Samuel, carpenter. 
Warren Theron B., lumber dealer. 
Wilkinson George, mason. 
Zeigler L., grocer. 


A thriving city situated in the north-east 
part of Fulton county, on sections No. 26, 27, 
84 and 35, township 7 north, range 4 east of 
the fourth principal meridian, in the cele- 
brated " Military Tract." It is very beauti- 
fully located about ten miles from the Illinois 
river, on an arm of high rolling prairie, 
between fine groves of timber which skirt the 
banks of Copperas creek on the east, and Big 
creek on the west. It is on the Lewistori 
branch of the Peoria & Oquawka Rairoad, and 
about, 97 miles from Chicago, via. the above 
and the Chicago, Burlington Quincy Rail- 
road. A railroad extending from Pekin, on 
the Illinois river, to Warsaw, on the Missis- 
sippi is in course of construction, and al- 
ready in operation from Warsaw, 20 miles 
east. The remainder of the line is graded, 
except some four miles of light work; many 
of the bridges and culverts are completed ; and 
the prospect of the completion of the road 
during the present season, (1864,) is very flat- 
tering. At Pekin, this road will connect with 
the Illinois River Raihoad, by which passen- 
gers may go south to Jacksonville, Spring- 
field, etc., or north and east via. Peoria ; 
while its western terminus connects with a 
line of road running through Iowa, and con- 
necting directly with the great Pacific Rail- 

Canton is about 200 miles from St. Louis, 
which, until within the last few years, has 
been the great emporium for this section of 
country. It was there that our merchants 
found a ready market for the immense pro- 
ducts of the surrounding country, and pur- 
chased their " large and well-selected " stocks 
of goods. Since the construction of railroads 
between the east and west, many of the larger 
stocks of merchandi?e have been purchased 
in eastern cities, coming hither principally via. 
the lakes, and northern railroad routes, and 
the Illinois canal and river ; and since the 
establishment of railroad communication with 
Chicago, almost the entire trade which for- 
merly went to St. Louis, now goes to that city. 

Nathan Jones was the first settler in this 
place, having located here in 1825. He con- 
tinued to reside here till his death, which took 
place on the 1st of May, 1854. The town 
was laid out by Mr. Jones and his brother-in- 
law, Isaac Swan, in 1825. It was incorporated 
by legislative act in 1849 ; and in 1853 became 

\VI!EEI,EK & WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Ceo. R. Cltittendeii, General Agent lor III,, \Vi*., Iowa, iviiim. &; N. Indiana. 





a city. It now contains about 3,000 inhabi- 
tants, has a number of very fine buildings 
both public and private and is one of the 
most thriving and pleasant inland towns in 
the state. 

Canton has one of the largest plow facto- 1 
ries in the state, turning out several thousand 
plows annually, (many of which are shipped 
to California, via. New York ;) also, corn cul- 
tivators, patent corn stalk cutters, etc., are 
manufactured here. 

It contains an extensive woolen mill, turn- 
ing out large quantities of first-class goods 
annually. Also, a foundry and machine shop, 
manufacturing cane mills and steam engines, 
and doing all kinds of job work. 

There are two flour mills and distilleries 
combined, and one devoted to flouring and 
custom grinding alone ; all doing good busi- 

The Methodist and Baptist societies kave 
each fine brick edifices, and the Congrega- 
tional society is building a church, of which 
the basement is now completed. The old 
Bchool Presbyterians have a comfortable frame 
building. The Lutherans and Church of the 
New Jerusalem, have each small frame houses. 
The Roman Catholics completed last season, 
the neatest and largest frame meeting-house in 
the city. 

Considerable attention has been paid to ed- 
ucation, particularly during the last ten years. 
There are three good public school-houses 
two frame and one brick which latter is one 
of the largest and finest graded school-houses 
in the state. It was completed in the fall of 
1861. There are also good select schools. 

The Masonic Fraternity has a flourishing 
lodge and chapter. The Odd Fellows have a 
lodge and encampment, and own the building 
in which their hall is located. A lodge of 
Good Templars has also recently been organ- 
ized under favorable auspices. 

There is a public Library containing some 
700 or 800 volumes. 

Two good weekly newspapers are published 
here " The Canton Weekly Register," repub- 
lican, published on Mondays; and " The Ful- 
ton Ledger" democratic, published on Tues 

The country around Canton is one of the 
most fertile and best fruit sections in the state. 
Lumber is abundant, and the whole country is 
underlaid by a vast bed of excellent bituminous 
coal. Produce of all kind? finds a ready mar- 
ket at a good price. Owing to these circum- 
stances, it is one of the most desirable loca- 
tions in the state, for both residence and busi- 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Albright J. B., physician. 

ATWATER & HULIT, (Townsend A. and 

Wilson H.,) flouring mill and distillery 
BABCOCK AMOS C., dry goods, groceries, 

queensware, boots, shoes, etc. 
Barber & Higbie, (Edward S. B. and Morrell 

H.,) livery, sale and exchange stable. 

Barker Albert W., photograph artist. 

BARRERE GRANVILLE, attorney at law. 

Bass Jacob H., dry goods, groceries, queens- 
ware, boots, shoes, etc. 

BAUGHMAN JOHN fl., general sewing ma. 
chine agent. 

BAUGHMAN E. M. MRS., milliner. 

BECKWITH & ONSTOTT, (Louis B. and 
John H. 0.,) dealers in boots, shoes, hats, 
caps, furs and gents' furnishing goods. 

BELL ARTHUR Dr., dealer in drugs, medi- 
cines, paints, wall paper, iron, nails, hard- 
ware, books, groceries and carpets. 

Bishop Nimrod, physician. 

Black Addison C., photograph artist. 

BLACK WILLIAM H. & CO., (Alexander 
M. Black,) boot and shoemakrs. and d"lrs. 

BLACKADORE JOHN, tannery, and mnfr. 
saddles, harness, trunks, &c. 

Bolten William B., (Rev.,) Baptist. 

BRANT WILLIAM H., furniture mnfr. and 

Branthaver & Co., (Jacob B. and Mathew 
Freaner,) boot and shoe mnfrs. and d'lrs. 

BREED E. A. & CO., (Amos Breed,) general 

BRUCE JAMES, physician 'and surgeon. 
(See card. p. xl.) 

BULLARD DANIEL, photograph artist. 

BURNAP JOSEPH B., stoves and tinware. 

Caldwell & Frazer, (Jackson C. and William 
F.,) blacksmiths. 

Cavallin Charles, jewelry, clocks and watches. 

Coe John C., agent Hugh Armson, hay presser 
and dealer. 

Coleman George, brick mason. 

Colville Ro?anna Mrs., dresa maker. 

Cooper James, physician. 

Coykendall Cyrus, carpenter. 

Cree Joseph, boot and shoemaker. 

Crissman Samuel M., (Rer.,) 0. S. Presby- 

Gumming J. S. (Rev.,) M. E. 

CURTIS EDMUND H., whol. and ret. to- 
bacco and cigar store. 

Daily Peter, grocery. 

DAVISON & NICOLET, (Alpheus D. and 
Henry L. N.,) editors and proprs. Canton 
Weekly Register. (See care?, p. xl.) 

DEWEY DANIEL H., hay scale ranfr. 

Dewey R. W. & C. C.. (Roswell W. and C, 
Carroll,) general merchandise. 

Dilts George J., carpenter and builder. 

Dobbins Augustus, barber. 

Donn James, gun maker. 

Evans John, coal miner and dealer. 

Flemming Thornton H., physician. 

FORD Mrs & CO., (Mrs. Mary P. F. and Miss 
Maggie Patterson,) millinery and dress 
FOX JEREMIAH M., jewelry, clocks and 


FROMMEL ALBERT, cigar mnfr. and dealer. 
GEE SAMUEL A., attorney and police 


Godley Mary E., Mrs., millinery and dres? 

W. W. KIMBAL.L., Piano Fortes, Ulelodeons and Parlor Organs, WholestnJo 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 





Guttentag A Redlich (Samuel G. and Alfred 

R.,) dry goods, boots, shoes, clothing, etc. 
Haines 0. & Co., hardware, stoves and tinware. 
Haskell William II., with A. C. Babcock. 
HEALD CHARLES T., banker, broker, 

claim and ins. agt. and notary public. 
Hensley John, groceries and leather. 
Hicks A. & Son, (Asa and Moses H. H.,) 

proprs. Omega Mills. 
Higbie Morrell, propr. " Higbie House." 
Hoffman Martin, blacksmith. 
Holt Ann Mrs-., cloak and dress maker. 
HUFF REUBEN, carriage and wagon mnfr. 
Ingersoll Edward P., lumber and grain dealer. 
Ingersoll H. F. & J. W., (Henry F. and John 

W.,) general store, and pork packers. 
Johnson James, carpenter. 
JOHNSON WILLIAM, carpenter and builder. 
Keeling Atherine, brick maker. 
KESSLER WILLIAM E., carpenter and 


KIRKPATRICK ISAAC M., attorney at law. 
Knox Joseph, cooper. 
Koebel Michael, bowling saloon. 
Kriskey Joseph, meat market. 
Landauer Moses, general merchandise. 
Layton Alexander, blacksmith. 
Leach William E., station agent C. B. & Q. R. 

R. and U. S. Express. 
LYONS JOSEPH & CO., (Issidor August,) 

clothing and gents' furnishing goods. 
McCall James H. & Co., (Stephen and Leonard 

Slocum,) flour mill and distillery. 
McDowell William M., physician. 
Markley Philip, brick mason. 
Marron & Kilts, (James M. and Henry K.,) 

carriage and wagon mnfrs. 
Marsh Edwards, (Rev.,) Congregational. 
Martin Hugh, physician. 
MAYNARD L. E. & CO., (Louis E. and 

Jeffrey A. M.,) boot and shoe dealers and 


Miles Joseph S., general merchandise. 
Miller Squire P., carriage and wagon maker. 
MONTGOMERY & CO., (George M. and 

Henry H. Clingenpeel,) saddle and harness 

Moore & Cain, (Thomas M. and Hamilton C.,) 

saddles, harness, trunks, etc. 
Moran Patrick R., City meat market. 
Mover John, saloon. 
Murphy Samuel R., photograph artist. 
Murphy & Allen, (James H. M. and John B. 

A.,) lumber dealers and builders. 
Naylor David, candle mnfr. 
NAGEL GEORGE, bakery and provisions. 
Norcott Ellison, copper and tinsmith. 

Overman & Bushnell, (Nathan 0. and George 
W.' B.,) nursery. 

PARLIN & ORENDORFF, (William P. and 
William J. 0.,) propra. Canton Agricul- 
tural Works. (See card p. xl.) 

PIPER JOHN G., propr. Canton Woollen 

Plattenberg Perry, lumber dealer. 

Porter B. F. & L. F., painters. 

Powell Jennie Mrs., dress maker. 

RAIXEY JAMES H., dentist. 

Roberts Darius, carpenter and builder. 

Roberts William,- merchant tailor. 

Roberts William M., weaver. 

Rockhold Charles W., carpenter and builder. 

Ronk H. S. & A. J., (Henry S, and Andrew 
J.,) coopers. 

Ross P. Clinton, druggist. 

Ruble & Tanner, (Jesse R. and John T.,) 

and Blake E. B.,) marble workers and 

SAVILL JAMES, iron foundry and machine 

SAVILL JEREMIAH M., foundry and ma- 
chine shop. 

SAVILL & MITCHELL, (James S. and Wil- 
liam H. M.,) freestone quarry, grindstone, 
building rock, etc., and marble workers. 

Sebree Howard W., wagon maker. 

Shaffer Abraham, carpenter and builder. 

SHINN JOHN W., druggist. 

Slack Moses, saloon. 

SMITH CHARLES H., bakery and con- 

Smith William, 3d, groceries and confection- 

Smith & Olds, (Amos S. and John N. 0.,) 
hardware, stoves, tinware, iron and nails. 

SNYDER GEORGE M., furniture mnfr. and 

Snyder John H., jewelry, clocks and watches. 

STEARNS PARLEY C., attorney and justice 
of the peace. 

STIPP & CRAIG, (William W. S. and Robert 
P. C.,) dealers in grain and produce. 

STIPP J. H. & CO., (James H. McCall and 
John G. Graham,) dealers in dry goods, 
clothing, hats, caps, boots, shoes and 
pork packers. 

Stipp J. H. & W. W., (James H. and William 
W.,) groceries and queensware. 

STOCKDALE JAMES, slaughtering and 
packing house and meat market. 

STRONG OZIAS G., (homoeo.,) physician. 

Taylor Julius, cooper. 

Thompson Joseph C., groceries and coopering. 

THOMSON WILLIAM, cabinet ware mnfr. 
and dealer. 

Thornburg Jesse M., painter. 

THORNTON STEPHEN Y., editor and propr. 
Fulton County Ledger, (Dem.) (See card, 
p. xl.) 

Thorp Stephen C., carpenter and builder. 

Trites Eliza Miss, cloak and dress mkr. 

Tuell Stoddard C., groceries and notions. 

Tuttle John C., cooper. 

VITTUM DANIEL W., groceries, queens- 
ware, oils, paints, glassware, lamps, etc. 

Waugh William M., saddle and harness mkr. 

Weiser R., (Rev.) Lutheran. 

WILL DAVID P., carriage and wagon mkr. 

WINN HENRY H., surgeon dentist. 

Whiting Hugh 0., tinsmithing. 

Williams David, coal miner and dealer. 

Wolf John, botanist and mnfr. boots and shoes, 
and dealer in hides. 

& WILSON'S Sewin? machines. 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
tteuden, General Agent for 111., Wi., Iowa, Minn, dc IV. Indiana. 

Geo. K. Cliitteude 





WOOD SAMUEL, harness maker. 
WRIGHT H. L & CO., (Henry L., Joel and 

Nathaniel S. W.,) general merchandise. 
Wyckoff George D,, general merchandise. 
Wyckoff Simon S., news depot." 
Wyman Joel W., stoves and tinware. 

Cape Ann's Rock, 

A postoffice of Calhoun county. 


A postoffice in Boone county. 

Carbon Cliff, 

A postoffice in Rock Island county. 


A township and village of Jackson county 
on the Illinois Central Railroad, 806 miles 
from Chicago, and 128 miles from St. Louis. 
It contains five churches, viz.: Baptist, 
Christian, Episcopal, Methodist, and Presbyte- 
rian. The Carbondale Times, a weekly news- 
paper, is published by John G. Hill. There is 
a Masonic and an Odd Fellows and a Good 
Templars' Lodge. It has two flouring mills, 
one tobacco factory, three cotton gins, 
one cotton gin machine shop, and numerous 
other manufacturing shops ; also, a telegraph 
office. Population, 1,500. Postmaster, Geo. 
R. Lewis. 

Professions, Trades, etc, 

Aikman James, cooper. 

Brady Benjamin, cooper. 

Bricker W. J., drugs and medicines. 

Brunn Lewis, mer. tailor. 

Brush D. H., attorney. 

Calkin J. R., propr. Carbondale Times. (See 

card, p. xli.) 
Campbell Curtis M., general store. 

Carter, propr. Carbondale HoteL. 

Crenshaw W. P., propr. Union House. 

Cruse Philip, blacksmith. 

Cunningham H. B., general store. 

Davis Demosthenes L., (Rev.) Baptist. 

Davis & Spiller, grocers. 

Deyo David L., attorney. 

Dixon William, (Rev.) Methodist. 

Dresser & Bellandy, grocers. 

Dudding Richard, attorney. 

Enneson James, carpenter. 

Evans Charles P., propr. Evans House. 

Felts George W., Milliner. 

Felts & Campbell, flour mill. 

Flagler Samuel, general store. 

Freeland Samuel H., groceries. 

Gage James D., machinist. 

Gilbert D., plow mnfr. 

Graham Levi, cooper. 

Hamilton Davis N., attorney. 

Hamilton & Steele, physicians. 

Herr Joseph, cabinet mkr. 

Hindman, Spiller & Co., general stores. 

Honington Larkin, coopers. 

Hook William, cooper. 

Hughes Benjamin F., photographist. 
Johnson Russell I., (Rev.) Presbyterian. 
Joy Ephraim, (Rev.) Episcopal Methodist. 
Lewis George K. groceries. 
Mead George F., carpenter. 
Morgan & Bro. , General store. 
Murphy Mrs. R., milliner. 

Orrell gunsmith. 

Prickett James, mason. 
Kapp Isaac, carpenter. 
Rhea Robert, photographist. 
Sanders Henry, saw and flour mill. 
SCURLOCK WILLIAM, carriage and wagon 


Spiller & Stinson, general store. 
Stewart & Gregg, druggists. 
Stover William, druggists. 
Sumter & Canter, general store. 
Weaver Joseph N., Wagon mkr. 
Yocum Isaac D., lumber dealers. 


The county seat of Macoupin county, situa- 
ated on the Chicago Alton &; St. Louis Rail- 
road, about midway between Alton and 
Sprinfield, has a population of about 3,000 ; 
good free, graded schools, a female academy, 
and a college for young men Blackburn 
Theological Seminary. It has two newspa- 
pers, the Free Democrat, edited by Henry M. 
Kimball, and the Spectator, edited by Flinn & 
Van Deren. It has six church edifices, some of 
which are very good buildings, and four good 
school houses. Coal abounds in the vicinity, 
and timber plenty. Business good and con- 
stantly increasing. There are several manu- 
facturing establishments, stores, etc., with a 
farming community sufficient to keep up even 
a larger business. Macoupin is one of the 
largest and most populous counties in the 
State, and Carlinville, being near the centre, 
makes it a very desirable inland town, both 
for residence and business. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 
Achilles & Johnson, (Victor A. and Henry J.) 

dry goods. 

Allendoerfer Charles, tailor and draper. 
Andrews & Hamilton, (Baker P. A., and Jul- 
ius H.,) lumber dealers. 
Andri?t Charles L., watches and jeweler. 
Bagley & McKee, grocers. 
Baird Isaac, harness mkr. 
Battis & Huntley, harness mkrs. 
Behme Conrad, boot and shoemaker. 
Behrens William, grocer. 
Bernstein & David, (Samuel B., and Joseph 

D.,) clothing and dry goods. 
Bettersworth Alexander P., physician. 
Bodes Christian, grocer. 
Boring John, carpenter. 
Boring John M., cabinet mkr. 
Braley George R., foundry. 
Braley Philander, dry goods. 
Burzdurff Carl, grocer. 
Cannon Patrick, liquor store. 
Chapins & Braley, news dealers. 
Chestnut & Dubois, bankers. 

W. W, KIUIBAI^, Piano Fortes, HIelodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Ketail, 142 Lake State, Chicago, 111. 





Cockrell & Son, ( Peyton and Allen,) dry 


Col ton Hugh, lawyer, and justice of the peace. 
Daley Henry, grocer. 
DeLeuw Leopold, physician. 
Dietrich Henry, boot and shoe mkr. 
Dorman & Sons, news dealers. 
Dresser David W., (Rev.) Episcopal. 
Duggard George W. & Co., marble workers. 
Duggard Samuel B., asst. U. S. assessor, and 

dept. collector. 
Eiter John, grocer. 
Flori Adam, barber. 
FLYNN & VAN DEREN, pubs. Carhnviile 

Spectator. (See card, p. xlii.) 

Frank Abram J., saloon. 

Gaess William, brewer. 

Garrett & Berry, (James H. G., and Benjamin 

T. W.) cabinet mnfr. and dealer. 
Gilbert Harriett Miss, milliner and dress mkr. 
Gilber & Rinaker, lawyer. 
Graham Milo, druggist. 
Grotefendt & Behrens, (Christopher G., and 

Henry B.) boot and shoe mkrs. 
Gwin Horace, lawyer. 
Hamilton George, insurance agt. 
Hankins John W., physician. 
Han kins & Easley, physicians. 
Hattfield W. W., saw mill. 
Heinz Peter, cabinet mkr. and dealer. 
Helm Charles H., mnfr. and dealer in guns, 

pistols, etc. 

Henties Frederick, blacksmith. 
Holliday Charles H., druggist. 
Johnson Henry, general store. 
Jones Samuel G., blacksmith. 
Judd Meredith, lumber dealer. 
Keller Abram D., stoves, tin and hardware. 
Keller Ezra, hardware. 

KIMBALL HENRY M., pub. CarlwviHe Dem- 
ocrat. (See card, p. xli.) 
Klages Christian, grocer. 
Koru Simon, druggist. 
Kraft Jasper, shoemaker. 
Loehr & Schutze, (John C. L. and William 

S.,) dry goods. 

Loomis T. L., real estate dealer. 
Loomis Thaddeus, saw mill. 
Loren/ Bernard, harness mkr. 
McClure Milton, druggist and justice of the 


McConnell John T., propr. American House. 
McCoy A. S. (Rev.) Methodist Episcopal. 
McNeal George N., general store. 
Matthew AdoJph, physician. 
Mayo Samuel, insurance agent. 
Mills John C., blacksmith. 
Mion John H. & Co., carpenters. 
Mitchell Bartley, barber. 
Moran John, Lawyer. 
Morse E. G. & Co., dry goods. 
Newton Thomas, (Rev.) Presbyterian. 
Page Shise, boot and shoe mkr. 
Page & Rider, general store. 
Partridge F. A. & J., fancy dry goods and : 

boots and shoes. 
Pattisou Wilson W., furniture and coffin mkr. 

E. F.) 

Phelps & Taggart, (William P., and Ferdinand 
T.) dry goods. 

Pitman Samuel, lawyer. 

Plain & Foote, (J. L. P., and Charles 
groceries and auctioneers. 

Pocklington Martin, livery stable. 

Rafferty Alexander C., (Rev.) Baptist. 

Rider Williams H. & Co., dry goods. 

Riley & Thomas, hardware. 

Schutzi Christian, tobacco and cigar dealer. 

Sharp Phillip, furniture dealer. 

Simon George, clothier. 

Sinclair Charles W., grocer and provision 

Singleman Henry, shoemkr. 

Steidly Daniel G". propr. City Hotel. 

Taggart William, lawyer. 

Thomas & Riley, (Robert E. T. and Elias L. 
R.) carriage and wagon mkrs. and black- 

Walters Frederick, cooper. 

Webster Edwin, Physician. 

Weer & Bro., flour mills. 

Wetzel John, carriage and wagon mkrs. 

Williams William D., restaurant. 

Wolf August, saloon. 

Wolter Louis, grocery. , 

Woodson & Walker, (John M. Wd., and 
Charles A. W.,) lawyers. 

Woodward & Farrell, stoves, tin and hardware. 

Work & Taggart, (George H. F. W. and Wil- 
liam F. T.,) war claim agents. 


This is a considerable village of Clinton 
county, 47 miles from St. Louis, the popula- 
tion of the township numbering 1,200. It is 
situated on the Ohio & Mississipp Railroad. 
Goods from Chicago are sent by the Illinois 
Central via. Odin. There are two mails per 
day, and, also, two newspapers published in 
this place ; four churches, Presbyterian, old 
school, Methodist Episcopal, Baptist and Ro- 
man Catholic. There are also a Masonic, Odd 
Fellows and Good Templars lodges, and a Lit- 
erary association. The number of stores, so- 
cieties and churches, indicates that this is a 
thriving village. William. P. Cook, post- 

Profession s, Trades, etc* 

Anderson B., physician. 

Barrett & Grouse, proprs. Railroad saloon:. 

Baxter James, propr. Hunter house, 

Blackwell Moses W., brick mason. 

Bond Benjamin, lawyer. 

Bording J. H., saw mill. 

Boquet Christ, livery stable. 

Bording John H., saw mill. 

Breese Sidney, judge supreme court. 

Brown A. J., dentist. 

Buxton & White, (Harvey P. B. and Alexander 

H. W.,) real estate agts. and attorneys. 
Case Zophar, general agt. 
Conrad Philip, brewer. 
Cook William P.. agt. druggist. 

WHEELER & WICSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, UK 
Geo. R, Cnittenden, General Agent for 111., 1I., Iowa, Minn. & N. Indiana. 





Crapps Jacob, saloon. 

Duke & Wilson, (Geo. L. D. and Sanford W.,) 
boot and shoemkrs. 

Donne Robert S. M., sheriff. 

Eaton Thomas A., (Rev.,) Methodist. 

Elam R., boarding house. 

Fink B. & Bro., (Benjamin and Edward,) car- 

Fisher John, cooper. 

Gantz John, cabinet mkr. 

Gniham Samuel I., physician. 

Gray William H., lawyer. 

Guithues C. H., county clerk. 

Hagee David P., grocer. 

Hall, Miller & Co., (William H. and John M. 
M.,) flour mill. 

Hatch Lydia P. Mrs., milliner and books. 

Hatten thos. W., blacksmith. 

Heitmeyer Frederick, boot and shoemkr. 

Henry John E., lawyer. 

Hervey Franklin, grocer. 

Hess Henry, bookseller and stationer. 

Horniday D. E., physician. 

Hubert Anton, propr. " Clinton House." 

Hubert Jacob, saloon. 

Jacobs Anthony, tinner, stoves, etc. 

Kahlert August, brick and stone mason. 

Kast Frank K., mer. tailor. 

Keeling Henry, blacksmith. 

Keshner Peter, carpenter. 

Killing Henry, blacksmith. 

Kingsbury Darius, lawyer. 

Knapp Joshua P., physician. 

Lietze F. A., attorney. 

Lockwood E. B., general store. 

Longhead S. D., (Rev.,) Presbyterian. 

McCabe John, physician. 

Maddux Asbury S., lumber dealer. 

Maddux Joseph W., general store. 

Match Charles, carriage and wagonmkr. 

Meadly Henry, propr. '' Illinois House." 

Moore David N., physician. 

Muhling Frank, saloon. 

Mullin James, saloon. 

Nichols William H. H., plasterer. 

Quinlan James, general^store. 

Robert Jacob, carriage and wagonmkr. 

Robins Leonard H., physician. 

Robinson B. Smith, flour mill. 

Robinson & Parrish, (William A. R. and Sam- 
uel P.,) billiard saloon. 

-Sadler & Wisel, general store. 

Schilling Herman, confectioner. 

Schnyder Bernard H., grocer. 

Seighart Sebastian, (Rev.,) Catholic. 

Slingerland F. N., painter. 

Smith John F., cabinet mkr. 

Smith Thos. S., clerk circuit court. 

Souter & Marshall, (John K. S. and John C. 
M.,) blacksmiths. 

Sparks William. A. I., lawyer. 

Stolz Nicholas, carpenter. 

Texter Nicholas, brewer. 

Trauer M. & Co., general store. 

Trierweiler Nicholas, boot and shoemkr. 

Truesdail Robert J., propr. " Truesdail house." 

Van Hoorebeck Gustave, lawyer. 

Vincent Philo S., dentist. 

Voghts Henry, saloon. 

White Alexander H. lawyer. 

White Daniel, lawyer. 

Widmer Alvis, blacksmith. 

Wilfert A., boot and shoemkr. 

Wolff A. L., boot and shoemkr. 

Wonderly Jacob, painter. 

Wueller & Co., (Bernard W. and Frederick 

Helwig,) general store. 
Zeal & Barrett, (Phillip Z. and Joseph P. B.,) 



This village is situated in the precinct of 
Carmi, White county, on the line of the Illi- 
nois Southern Railroad. A daily mail is re- 
ceived here, and merchandise from New York 
comes via. Ohio river. A news paper, the 
White County Advocate, is published by G. A. 
Malone. There are Methodist, Presbyterian 
and Christian churches ; and a Masonic and an 
Odd Fellows lodge. Population 500. Post- 
master, C. E. McDonnell. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Any Thomas S., livery stable. 

Any John, cooper. 

Baker C., saloon. 

Barth Marx, saloon. 

Bauchman Lewis, saloon. 

Beyer Alvan, blacksmith. 

Conger, attorney at law. x 

Crebs Berry, carriage and wagonmkr. 

Crebs John M., attorney. 

Darrah, physician. 

Deitz Godfrey, carriage and wagonmkr. 

Fackney James, general store. 

Foster physician. 

Graham Nathaniel P., propr. Ross house. 

Graham Richard S., insurance agent. 

Hargiave, Thomas, grocer. 

Hay & Webb, general store. 

Horn Valentine, carpenter. 

Ibbotson Thomas, blacksmith. 

Jessup Richard, carpenter. 

Land Bros., (David and John,) general store. 

McCune L., (Rev.) 

McDowell C. E., attorney at law. 

Patrick George, saw mill. 

Patrick & Hay, general store. 

Pearce, (Rev.) 

Phipps William H., general store. 

Ruckle R. W., cabinet mkr. 

St. John George S., druggist. 

Shannon Albert R., general store. 

Slaley George S., flour mill. 

Slocumb John C., cabinet mkr. 

Smith Milo, carpenter. 

Sorgenpy William H., druggist. 

Spicknall Richard, general store. 

Springer James, physician. 

Ward Susan Miss, milliner. 

Weis George, cooper. 

Williams George, insurance agt. 

Williami Samuel G., (Rev.) 

\r. w. 

, Piano Fortes, IWTelodeons ami Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 





Garment Prairie, 

A postoffice in Perry county. 


A village in the township of Dundee, Kane 
county, about 48 miles from Chicago, on the 
Elgin & State Line Branch of the Galena & Chi- 
cago Union R. R. It contains one flouring mill, 
one foundry and machine shop, one woolen 
factory, and other small manufactuiing estab- 
lishments. It has a Division of Sons of Tem- 
perance. Population, 400. Postmaster, Julius 
A. Carpenter. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Carpenter J. A., general store, propr. ' ; At- 
lantic Mills," flour. 
Clark Charles A., woolen mnfr. 
Dalborn & Clarkson, blacksmith. 
Dodge William H., carpenter. 
King Joseph, blacksmith. 
Lindon John, boot and shoemkr. 
Marshall George & Co., iron foundry. 
Morton William W., machinist. 
Stead James, hotel. 
Wilder Jedediah C., notary public. 
Woodward J., (Rev.,) Baptist minister. 

Carr Mills, 

A postoffice of St. Glair county. 

Car rot (ton, 

The county seat of Greene county, is situa- 
ted on the line of the Jacksonville, Alton & 
St. Louis Railroad, about 60 miles from St. 
Louis. It is surrounded with a productive 
farming country. Two weekly papers are 
published, the Carrollton Gazette, on Saturday, 
by George Rice & Son ; and the Gospel Echo, 
on Tuesday, by E. L. Craig & Co. There is a 
Masonic lodge, and a division of Sons of 
Temperance. There are five churches, Bap- 
tist, Christian, Methodist, Presbyterian and 
Roman Catholic. Two mails are received 
daily. $200,000 worth of merchandise is sold 
per annum, which comes from Chicago and 
New York via. Jacksonville and Manchester. 
Population, 2,000. Jas. M. Cox, postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Anderson William H., livery. 

Armstrong Clinton, physician. 

Atkins Andrew J. blacksmith. 

Beebe Samuel, carpenter. 

Bowman Alexander, physician. 

Bowman Nicholas E., grocer. 

Boyd Thomas H., county judge. 

Bulkley Justus, (Rev.,) Baptist. 

Galloon Ebert, photographer. 

Case Geo., mer. tailor. 

Clark Robert F., hats and caps. 

demons Costin P., physician. 

Oameron & Wilcox, (Joseph T. C. and James 

M. W.,) harnessmkrs. 
ook John, boot and shoemkr. 

Corrington Stephen F., school commissioner. 

Cox Jamea M., insurance agt., books and sta- 

Cullimore James, stoves and tinware, tinplate 
and sheet iron works. 

Craig E. L. & Co., proprs. " Gospel Echo." 

Craig Elijah L., (Rev.,) Christian. 

Davis James M., physician. 

Davis James M. & Co., tobacco and cigars. 

Davis William A., county cjerk. 

Dick John Y., carpenter. 

Dyer Lafayette M., surveyor. 

Egalhoff William, carriage and wagonmkr. 

Engleman Adam, carpenter. 

English James W. attorney. 

Fadden Charles M., harnessmkr. 

Fish Edwin F., carpenter. 

Geir John, boot and shoe maker. 

Goeders Ernst, fresco, house and sign painter.. 

Green Robeit, associate judge. 

Green William L., County Sheriff. 

Hardtner John, physician and dentist. 

Hill John, painter. 

Hill Mrs. Courtenay M., milliner. 

Hill Richard B., insurance agent. 

Hodges Charles D., lawyer. 

Jackson Hayden D., harnessmaker. 

Jackson John D., propr. Mansion House. 

Keach Hiram, insurance agent. 

Kelley John K., blacksmith and wagonmaker. 

Kercher Concroft, cabinet maker. 

Legg James, grocer. 

McFadden Charles, harness maker. 

Mannon John H., cabinet maker. 

Marmon William, mer. tailor. 

Marshall Jacob M., propr. Carrollton House,. 

Moore Thomas S., mason. 

Morrow & Co., (Zachariah A. M. and James P. 
M.) dry goods. 

O'Donnell Michael, marble worker. 

Perry Andrew J., oyster saloon. 

Pierson David, banker and flouring mill. 

Price & Son, (George B. P. and Thomas D. P.) 
propr. Carrollton Gazette. 

Ray Elizabeth, grocer. 

Rowen James J., attorney. 

Ruyle John, associate judge. 

Samuel James B., physician. 

Scott Thomas, sen., stove and tinware, tin- 
plate and iron work. 

Sharon Eben A., photographic artist. 

Sharon Joseph K. and John J., general store. 

Simpson James F., physician. 

Sleight William C., carriage and wagon maker. 

Sloan Asa, blacksmith. 

Smith John T., photographists. 

Thaxton Parham, coroner. 

Thompson A., physieian. 

Thrasher John M., groceries. 

Vedder Francis P., general store. 

Vedder James S., circuit clerk. 

Vedder Richard L., druggist. ' 

Vievell Frank, baker. 

Villenger Berthold, watches and jewelry. 

Vinell Frank, confectioner. 

Watt H. M., carriage and wagon maker. 

Weitershek Anthony, boot and shoemaker. 

WHEEL.EU k WILSON'S Sewing: Machines, 10G Lake Street, Chicaeo, 111.,. 
Geo. R. Cliittenden, General Agent for 111., Wi*., Iowa, Minn. &: N. Indiana. 





Wheeler Lyman F., lumber dealer. 

Williams Virginius F., blacksmith. 

Wilson Silas, dry goods, clothing, boots and 

Winn William, gunsmith. 

Withers William, general store. 

Withers & Mason, (Henry C. W. and Benja- 
min M.), attorney and war claim agents. 

Witt Hamilton, grocer. 

Wood Morgan L., (Rev.) presbyterian. 

Worcester Lucius E., lumber dealer. 

Wright John, merchant tailor. 

Wright & Pierson, (George W. and Oman P.), 
general store. 

Wright Paul & Co., (Paul Wright and Wesley 
P. Rickart), general store. 

Yates, Lynn & Smith, (William Y., Alex. W. 
L. and 0. Moulton S., dry goods, whole- 
sale and retail. 


A post village, capital of Hancock county 
on the Keokuk Branch of the Quincy and To- 
ledo Railway about 110 miles N. N. W. from 
Springfield. Another road from Warsaw via 
Carthage to Bushnell, connecting with th 
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy R. R., is two 
thirds graded and will be soon completed. In 
the southern part of Hancock county, near 
Tioga, are the remains of some 20 Indian 
mounds. These mounds are some hundred 
feet distant from each other in rows, forming 
a straight line. Their elevation is 8 or 10 feet 
abore the level of the surface and their dia- 
meter about 200 feet. The excavation of 
some of these mounds show human bones 
buried indiscriminately at the base. The soil 
of the country adjoining Carthage is rich and 
productive, and the prairie dry and rolling. 
Good water is obtained by digging wells from 
15 to 25 feet deep. Coal is near and abundant. 
Population 700. 

Profession*, Trades, etc. 

Adleta Philip, saloon. 

Batchelder George W., school commissioner. 

Berry Joshua B., surveyor. 

Booth James, grocer. 

Boyd John, hardware and groceries. 

Braden & Co., boots, shoes and clothing store. 

Cannon Richard, grocer. 

Child G. M., justice of the peace. 

Corby Francis M., County clerk. 

Crawford J. Wood, physician. 

Cunningham Jesse R., general store. 

Davidson J. M., pub. Carthage Republican, 


Davis Squire R., Circuit clerk. 
Deuel & Co., (Hiram S. D., Frederick Kramer), 

dry goods. 

Ferrig Hiram G., attorney at law. 
Ferris John M., attorney at law. 
Ferris & Corby, (Hiram* G. F. and Francis M. 

C.), bankers. 
Granger & Thomas, (D. B. G. and Joseph T.), 

dry goods and grocery. 
Greenleaf Davis, druggist. 

Green P. S., watchmaker. 

Hamilton C. S., propr. Carthage Hotel. 

Hammer Henry D., Cabinet maker. 

Harris W. T., photographer. 

Hoch Andrew, shoemaker. 

Hooker William C., attorney at law. 

Hughes William S., druggist and harness 

Hundaker G. T., agent U. S. and American 


Ingraham Robert, sheriff. 
Kuh Henry, clothing. 
Lynch Alexander, attorney at law. 
McNeil James M., lawyer. 
Mack & Draper, (Davis M. and Henry W. D.) 

attorneys at law. 
Manier & Peterson, (W. H. M. and B. F. P.),. 

attorneys at law. 
Martins Fritz, baker. 
May Henry C., barber. 
Miller George W., treasurer. 
Mills & Co., (W. G. M. and Robert Sleater),, 

stoves and tinware. 
O'Harra, propr. Tremont House, 
Pecks James, butcher. 
Randolph J. M., general store. 
Rohrer Charles H., painter. 
Sample John, carpenter. 
Sherman A., blacksmith. 
Sibley Joseph, Circuit Judge. 
Smith Dennis, County Judge. 
Stepp Frank, grocery and saloon. 
Strader Jacob, grocer. 
Waltey Albert, furniture dealer, stoves and 

tinware, hardware and queensware. 
Wetzel G. A. F. M., harnessrnaker. 
White J. L., pro. Union House. 
Williams, & Osman, (0. W. and V. A. 0.), dry 

Wilson James F. livery stable. 

Carey Station. 

A small post village in the southeast corner 
of M'Henry county, on the Chicago and North- 
eastern Railway, 38 miles from Chicago. It 
has one Lodge of Good Templars, Cowdery 
No. 355. 


A post village of Cumberland township in 
Clark county about 35 miles from Terre Haute, 
Ind., on the Terre Haute and Vandalia stage 


A township and post village of St. Clair 
county, nine miles east of St. Louis on the 
Ohio and Mississippi Railroad. 


A postoffice in the south-east corner of 
Du Page county, about fi\ 7 e miles north of 
DesPlaines on the St. Louis, Alton & Chicago 

W.W. K1TCBALL., Piano Forte**, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 L.ake Street, Chicago, 111. 






A township and post village in Vermilion 
county, on the Great Western Railway, 107 
miles east of Springfield. The village has a 
Masonic Lodge. Population 300. Postmaster, 
Thos. Church. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Benz, Oakwood, general store. 

Brodrick Richard, saloon. 

Calvert Sanford, Hotel propr. 

Church Thomas, grocer. 

Clayton J. C. & Co., blacksmiths. 

Guss & Landrick, general store. 

Jenken William, flour mill. 

Jones Richard, general store and insurance 


Sherman Thomas, Hotel propr. 
Turner Jeptha K., carpenter. 
Wilson Robert, general store. 
Vandusta George, carpenter. 


A township and postomce in the south-east 
corner of Franklin county. 

Cave in Rock. 

A township and small village in the south- 
ern part of Hardin county on the Ohio river. 
(See page 8.) 


A post village near the center of Livingston 
county, on the St. Louis, Alton & Chicago 
Railroad. 87 miles from Chicago. It contains 
a Christian church. Population 100. Acting 
Postmaster, D. H. Hunt. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Chapman James, carpenter. 
Church F. J., insurance agent. 
Hunt D. H., general store. 
Milton Richard, carpenter. 
Thomas Joseph, (Rer.) Christian. 

Cedar Bluff, 

A postomce in Bluff township, northern 
part of Johnson county. 

J Cedarville, 

A post village in Stephenson county, five 
miles north of Freeport, via which and the 
Galena & Chicago Union Railroad it is 126 
miles from Chicago. 

Central City, 

A post village in the fouth-west part of 
Marion county, or, the Illinois Central Rail- 
road, and 250 miles south-south-west from 

Cent raH a, 

An important city of Marion county, on the 
Illinois Central Railroad at the junction of the 
Chicago Branch with the Main Line, 252 miles 
south by west from Chicago, 67 east from St. 
Louis, and 112 north from Cairo. The city 
was laid off by the Railroad Company in the 
spring of 1856, and for several years was re- 
garded as a failure. It has now, however, 
taken a fresh start, and is to-day one of the 
most important towns in the southern central 
portion of the State, having a population of 
nearly 3,000, and rapidly increasing. 

Ceiitralia is located in the midst of a beauti- 
ful prairie country, and is the outlet for an im- 
mense amount of produce. It has, besides the 
extensive machine shops of the Railroad Com- 
pany, two flour mills, a carding mill, tannery, 
furniture manufactory, etc.; also, a weekly 
newspaper, five churches, two graded schools, 
and a Lodge each of Masons and Odd Fellows. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Adams Edwin, boot and shoe mufr. and dealer 

and ins, agt. 

Adams H. D., attorney at law. 
Austen William/saloon. 

Avery Silas M., sup't Chicago Div. I. C. R. R. 
Ball & Harris, (Warren B. and Thomes B. H.,) 

carpenters and builders. 
Baltzell & Kell, dry goods and clothing. 
Barfoot A. W., agent American and Adas 

Express Cos. 

Barnes J. Q., city marshal. 
Beal Sarah Ann R. Mrs., groceries. 
Bell J. & Co., lumber dealers. 
Berry Thomas T., blacksmith and wagon mkr. 
BESANT DANIEL J., billiard saloon, mnfr. 

of soda water, and whol. liquors. 
Betz Valentine, general store. 
BETZ J. & CO., (John B. and Frank H. 

Zick,) general store. 
Blacklaw William, merchant tailor. 
Brown William, architect and horticulturist. 
Butz Charles, cigar maker and dealer. 
CARTER PASCHAL, boot, shoe, hat and 

cap dealer. 

" CENTRAL HOUSE," W. Eberhardt, propr. 
" Gentralia House," W. L. Pearce, propr. 
"Centralia Mill," (flour,) Hugh Parkinson & 

Sons, proprs. 
" CENTRALIA SENTINEL," (newspaper, 

weekly, Rep.,) J. W. & C. D. Fletcher, 


"CITY HOTEL," Daniel M. McConnel, propr. 
Condit Edwin S., police magistrate and ins. 

Cornell S. & Sons, (Serril, William H. and 

Daniel K.,) tannery. 
Crosby Aaron H., general store. 
CUNNINGHAM JAMES J. physician and 


Dickinson Peter S., bakery. 
Dill Amanda M. Mrs., millinery and dress 


Eberhardt William, propr. " Central House." 
Dimick James J., harness maker. 

& WIL.SO1VS Sewing Machine*, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 
;eo. R. Cbltteuden, General Agent for ill,, AVis., Iowa, Ulinn. A: N, Indiana. 





EHRMAN &; BRO., (Meyer and Solomon,) 

ready made clothing. 

"FARMERS' MILL," (flour,) B. P. Maxfield 
& Co., proprs. 

Fletcher J. W. & C. D., (John W. and Cyrus 
D.,) publishers Sentinel. 

Forsyth Archibald, blacksmith. 

Gibbons Edward F., marble worker. 

Gookins William L., watchmaker and jeweler. 

Grape Henry, meat market. 

Grote William, harness maker. 

Hallam John L., physician- 

HAND J. H. & SON, (Joseph H. and He- 
man G.,) periodical dealer?. 

Heiss Peter, harness maker. 

Higgins Charles W., physician. 

Hold John, merchant tailor. 

Hughett Martin, train master and sup't of tel- 
egraph, Centralia Section I. C. R. R. 

Hutter William, saloon. 

Jackson A. D. & Son, (Amansel D. and Wil- 
liam H. H.,) boots, shoes, hats, caps and 
Yankee notions. 

Jann August, shoemaker. 

Johnson Benjamin, carpenter and builder. 

KELL MATTHEW C., general store. 

Kennedy & Hoskins, saloon. 

Kinney John, wagon maker. 

Klepper Peter, billiard saloon. 

Kohl Jacob, furniture mnfr. and dealer. 

Kohl & Warner, (Ferdinand K. and Stephen 
M. W.,) general store. 

Kraus Joseph, watchmaker and jeweler. 

Kurht John U., blacksmith. 

Kurth Henry, billiard saloon. 

LANDES D. GUSTAVUS, billiard saloon and 
liquor dealer. 

Lapham Henry, meat market. 

Logan James I., mnfr. and dealer, whol. -and 
ret., in coffins, furniture, etc. 

Lyman , cooper. 

LYMAN & McCLELLAN, (Levi P. L. and 
Alexander McG.,) fruit dealers. 

McConnel Daniel M., propr. " City Hotel." 

McCORD DAVID H., physician and surgeon. 

Marshall Edward B., physician and druggist. 

Maxfield B. P. & Co., (Benjamin P. M., Seth 
Maxfield, John Maxfield and Hezekiah E. 
Te)]foid,) proprs. "Farmers' Mill." 

Merkle Edward, bakery and saloon. 

Merkelbach John, shoemaker- 

Merritt Abel S., furniture. 

"MERRITT'S HOTEL," Richard Noble, 

Morrison E. S., painter. 

Murphy P. H., station agent I. C. R. R. 

Nelson Richard S., attorney at law. 

Noble Richard, propr. " Merritt's Hotel." 

Noleman Robert D., postmaster., U. S. col- 
lector, llth.dist. 

O'Melveny James M., general store. 

Oxley David, master mechanic I. C. R. R. 
machine shop. 

Parkman Hugh & Sons, (John B., James and 
T. Leander,) proprs. " Centralia Mill." 

Payne Henry, mason and builder. 

Pearce William L., propr. "Centralia House.'. 

Perking C. S., physician. 

Pfaff Jerome, boarding houa. 

Phillips Charles W., general store. 

Piper & Sandtneyer, (Martin P. and Nicholas 
S.,) carpenters and builders. 

Robinson & Odell, eating house. 

Rupert , carding machine. 

Sails Lewis G., painter. 

Schroeder & Klein, shoemakers. 

Scott Andrew, groceries. 

Scott W. L. & Son, (Warner L. and John N.,) 
hats and caps. 

Speuerer Joseph, merchant tailor. 

Stafford , photographer. 

Stock & Co., barbers and cigar mnfrg. and 

Stoker William, attorney at lavr. 

Storer Samuel, mayor of city and book-keeper 
Chicago Division I. C. R. R. 

STORER & SANDERS, (Samuel S. and Oli- 
ver B. S.,) hardware, stoves and tinware, 
and mnfrs. of tin, sheet iron and copper 

Swarthout James T., shoemaker. 

Thiede Frederick, gunsmith. 

Thorp Edward P.. groceries. 

Tomkins Francis M., hardware, stoves and tin- 
ware ; also, mnfr. of tin, copper and sheet 
iron ware. 

VAN CLERE WILLIAM S., druggist and 

Wehrheim Peter W., merchant tailor. 

Woehl & Kaiser, meat market. 

Woodward Washington, mason and builder. 

Zick Andrew, saloon and eating house. 

Zick John, barber. 

Centre Point, 

A postoffice of Sparta township, Knox 
county, on the C. B. & Q. Railroad, 162 miles 
west-south-west from Chicago. 

Centre Ridge, 

A postoffice in Richland Grove township, 
north-east corner of Mercer county. 

Cerro Gordo, 

A post village and township of Piatt county, 
on the Great Western Railway, eleven miles 
east of Decatur. It contains three churches, 
riz.: German Baptist, Methodist Episcopal 
and N. S. Presbyterian. Population about 
150. Postmaster, J. E. McMurray. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Blythe Stephen N., wagon maker. 

Clark John M , lumber dealer. 

Conklin Daniel, propr. hotel. 

Doyle Jonathan, propr. hotel and flour mill. 

Dunbar Ephraim M., flour mill. 

Ereningham M. E., hardware. 

Frantz David, (Rev.,) German Baptist. 

Green Frederick harness maker. 

Hughes Thomas, blacksmith. 

Hyats Obed, carpenter. 

Lawrence Uriah, carpenter. 

W. W. KHMBALil,, Piano Forte*, Melodeoiis and Parlor Organs. Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 






McKinney & Rodgere, (Isaac R. McK. and An- 
drew L. R.,) general store. 
McMurray Joseph E., (Rev.,) Presbyterian. 
Metzkers John, (Rev.,) German Baptist. 
Propst Henry, general store. 
Prosser John R., physician. 
Rader Jonas, carpenter. 
Saunders William, groceries and provisions. 
Smith John, lumber dealer. 


A township and post village in the north- 
east corner of Pike county, five miles west of 
Meredoiia on the Quincy & Toledo Railroad, 
via which it is 61 miles east-south-east from 


An important and rapidly growing city of 
Champaign county, on the line of the Illinois 
Central Railroad, 128 miles south from Chi- 
cago. The city has sprung up entirely since 
the completion of the railroad, and owing to 
its favorable situation in the midtt of a farm- 
ing country unsurpassed for fertility, has be- 
come one of the most flourishing cities in 
Central Illinois. Lucius W. Walker, Mark 
Carley and Isaac White located here in 1854, 
being the first actual settlers on the site of 
what now constitutes the city of Champaign. 

The village- was at first known as "West 
Urbana," the, township name. In 1856, the 
place wai incorporated as a city, under the 
name of "Champaign." 

The railroad waa opened to this place in 
1854, and from that date its increase has been 
steady and rapid, having now (1864) a popula- 
tion of nearly 3,000. 

The city of Uj-bana is situated about a mile 
and a half east of Champaign, with which it is 
connected by a horse railroad. The city con- 
tains five churches, (Presbyterian, Congrega- 
tional, Methodist, Baptist and Catholic,) two 
public schools, one flour mill, one brewery, 
two weekly newspapers, two private banking 
houses, a bank of issue, five steam elevators, 
an agricultural implement factory, three ho- 
tels, a large furniture manufactory, a pork- 
packing house, a Lodge each of Masons. Odd 
Fellows and Good Templars, and various me- 
chanical trades, business houses, etc. 

The country surrounding Champaign is 
mostly high rolling prairie, well watered, ex- 
ceedingly fertile, and" noted for the salubrity 
of its atmoiphere. A grove of heavy timber 
lies about two miles east of the city. Coal 
abounds in the surrounding country, and will 
soon be advantageously worked. A large and 
elegant male and female seminary, designed to 
cost upwards of $50,000, is ow in process of 
erection, about midway between the cities of 
Urbana and Champaign. 

At this point, the residence of our friend 
M. L. Dunlap, Esq., editor of the Illinois 
Farmer, we are enabled to insert his admira- 
ble view of the fruit-growing qualities of the 

State, as also its horticultural and floricultu- 
ral developments, a sketch of deep interest to 
the gentleman and the gardner. 

"the State of Illinois forms the center 
around which clusters the great group of the 
Northwestern States. In consequence of her 
happy geographical position, of the wide scope 
of latitude within her grasp, and the genial 
influence of the air currents that kiss her rich, 
rolling surface, give her peculiar claims, in a 
pomological view, to pre-eminence over her 
sister States that will enable her to supply 
early vegetables, the staple and choice fruits 
in advance of all others. 

" She may well be called the garden of the 
Northwest, not only from her geographical 
position, but form the nature of her soil and 
climate, which embraces a wide range of tem- 
perature, ripening the fig in latitude thirty- 
seven, and yet perfecting the apple and pear 
on her northern limit at forty-two 

"The great current of heated air which comes 
from the tropics in summer, passes to the 
west of her, scorching the plains of Missouri, 
Kansas and Iowa, while the center of the 
great waves of cold, that come down from the 
North in winter, returns over the same chan- 
nel, and touches her but lightly. 

"Although the climate is strictly continental, 
yet from the influence of the rivers within, 
and on her borders and being out of the cen- 
tral current of heat and cold, it is less subject 
to sudden changes than that of the States to 
the west. 


" For a long time it was supposed that the 
prairies were not adapted to this branch of 
horticulture, but the culture and grassing of 
these vast meadows, by exposing them to the 
sun and air, soon dispelled this fallacy, and 
now we find some of the largest and most 
profitable orchards in this State located on 
the rolling prairies, thus giving them a new 
value. From being wet, even on the high 
land, they have become dry and friable, and 
weil adapted to the growth of almost all 
plants of woody structure. 

"The prairie orchards are, or will be, shel- 
tered by artificial belts of timber, which ward 
off the cold and high winds that would destroy 
the fruit at the time of inflorescence, as well 
as other stages of its growth, and in addition 
to this, make a valuable and cheap fence. 

"A respectable percentage of the whole State 
caa thus be made available for orcharding or 
iruit growing of some kind, more especially 
the apple, the most valuable of all fruits ; 
though Central Illinois, and the loess or bluff 
formation of the Mississippi, are the most val- 
uable for this purpose. 

"Geologically the State is divided into four 
natural grand division.-, each of which re- 
quires a different selection of varieties to suc- 
ceed the best. While the Newtown Pippin is 
large, kigh flavored and productive on the 
river bluffs and the mountain lime *tone form- 
ation, it is worthless on the black loam and 

WHEEL.ER & WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street. Chicago, 111, 
Geo. R, Cliittenden, General Agent for 111., Wis,, Iowa, Minn. & N. Indiana. 





granite drifts of the center and north part of 
the State. 

" The facilities for transportation afforded to 
all parts of the State, at all seasons of the 
year, to either the North or the South, give 
to the agriculturist of the State advantages 
that cannot be over estimated. 

" While the climate of Ohio, Indiana, and 
Michigan is yearly becoming less valuable for 
fruit growing, on account of the clearing up 
of their forests, this State is becoming more 
valuable, from the increased growth of timber 
belts that tend to modify the climate, guard 
against sudden changes, and give to the coun- 
try a more equuble distribution of rain. 

" The prairie orchards thus far have produced 
uniform good crops, and some of them now 
seni to market two to six thousand bushels 
of apples annually. An increased attention 
has been given in this direction within the 
past three years, and the number of trees 
planted has been nearly doubled since, the 
spring of 1863. 


"This State must soon stand first in the list 
of grape growing States. This fruit can be 
grown to more or less advantage in all parts 
of the State, but the loess of the Mississippi 
stand out most prominently in this respect. 
In Hancock county it is estimated that there 
are now 400,000 vines, while Madison and 
Adams counties are but little if any behind. 
The planting at Warsaw is as follows : 
" There were planted in- 1855, 20 vines. 

1858, 101 

1859, 56 

1860, 3,929 

1861, 3,135 

1862, 2,305 

1863, 65,000 

" In Nauvoo up to and including last spring 
there was estimated to be 190,000 vines. 

" No branch of rural economy is receiving 
more attention than fruit culture, in the apple 
orchard, the vineyard, and the small fruit gar- 
den ; apparently only limited by the trees and 
plants within reach of the planters. 


" The peach lands lie south of the 40th par 
allel, and within the bounds of the Mississippi 
and Wabash rivers. This section has no se- 
rious competition. The peach crop of Michi- 
gan coming at the close of the crop from this 
part of our State. The loess of the Missis- 
sippi, and the grand chain of hills in the south 
part of the State, are remarkable for fine 
peaches, and it is on these formations that 
most of the peach orchards are located. These 
orchards now cover some thousands of acres. 


"These are assuming no small importance, 
even if we do not include among them the 

" The strawberry is sent to market from the 
south part of the State May 10th, at the time 

they are in bloom at the north part of the 
State, and the first ripe peaches go north Au- 
gust 10th, so the small fruits fill a void that 
the orchard cannot supply. 

" The strawberry is followed by the rasp- 
berry, and that by the blackberry, between 
which is sandwiched the currant and the 
gooseberry. The May cherry goes with the 
strawberry, and follows the season in its pro- 
gress northward, thus extending the small 
fruit season over a wide area of summer. Illi- 
nois is the fruit and vegetable garden of the 
valley of the Upper Mississippi." 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Andrews Walter, blacksmith and wagonmkr. 
ANGLE L. MILES, general store. 
Babbitt Elijah, fruit and confectionery, also 

oyster saloon. 
Babcock J. E., archicitect. 
BACON JONATHAN, grain and prod, dealer. 
BAILEY D. & W. B., (David and William B.) 

general store. 
Barrett, Carley & Gardner, (William C. B., 

Mark C., and Daniel -G.,) com. mers. and 

dealers in grain, flour, salt, lime, coal, 

cement, wool, etc. 
BEIDLER AARON, lumber dealer. 
Benson & Maddox, provisions. 
Bernstein Solomon, clothing, hats, caps, 

boots, etc. 

Berry Charles C., train master I. C. R. R. 
Blum Jacob, painter. 
Blum Reinard, stoves and tinware. 
BOWMAN ALEXANDER, architect and civil 


Bowers Stephen, painter. 
Bragg John, wagonmkr. 
Brown Aaron, mason and builder. 
Brown Charles G., master mechanic I. C. R. 

R. repair shop. 
Britton Oscar F., dentist. 
Brown Seeley, carpenter and builder. 
Burnhstm Nathan, druggist. 
Camp Charles, candy, fruit, etc. 
Campbell Arche, propr. Doane House. 
CAMPBELL W. & CO., (Washington C. and 

Robert H. McConaughy,) grain and prod. 


Carothers John, editor Gazette. 
Case & Son, (George II., and Hiram,) tailors. 
republican,) John W. Summers, propr. r 

John Carothers, editor. 
Chain Joshua W., grocer. 
Chaffee Charles W., carpenter and builder. 
" Champaign County Union," (weekly repub.) 

Dudley S. Crandall, prop., David S. Cran- 

dall, editor. 
Champaign and Urbana Institute, Rev. J. C, 

Stoughton, pres. 
Champaign Mills, (flour,) F. Finch & Co., 


Clock Asa J., druggist. 
COLER WILLIAM N., atty. at law. 

W. W. KIMBALL,. Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 L,ake Street, Chicago, 111. 





CONKLIN ASA, groceries and provisions and 

pork packers. 
CONKLIN JOSEPH 0., saloon and eating 

Corgrove Thomas A.,U. S. Collector, 2d dir., 

7th dis., and notary public. 
Crandall David S., editor Union. 
Crandall Dudley S., propr. Union. 
Crissey Harriet A., Miss, milliner and dress 

Oysdale Charles W., telegraph operator, I. 

C. R. R. 

Dallanbach John, meat market. 
DANIEL JOHN, attorney at law. 
Dean Samuel, propr. Neal House. 
Doane House, A. Campbell, propr. 
DODSON & CO., (William and Levi D.,) gro- 

DUNLAP M. L., nursery. 
Eads L. T.. county surveyor. 
Earheart William R., physician. 
Ebert Jacob, shoemkr. 
Eiley George, blacksmith and wagon mkr. 
Ellis George F. , watch mkr. and jeweler. 
EVERETT & COLUMBIA, (Joseph T. E. and 

Curtis F. C.,) general store. 
JTinch F. & Co., (Franklin F. and Augustus E. 

Harmon,) proprs. Champaign Mills. 
First National Bank of Champaign. 
Fitzgerald & Turner, (Bertha F., and Melvina 

T.,) milliners and dress mkrs. 
Fletcher Mary Mrs., dress mkr. and milliner. 
Franklin Benjamin, barber. 
OARDNER D. & CO., bankers. 
GARST M. & M., (Michael and Morrison,) 

attorneys at law and real estate agts. 
GAUCH JACOB P., police magistrate and 

insurance agt. 
Glover Charles, drayman. 
Graham Robert, meat market. 
Hahn Henry, agt. clothing. 
Hamar & Wade, hardware. 
HARMON & BEASLEY, (Augustus E. H., j 

and Alfred W. B,.) attorneys at law. 
Hawks S. W., wagon mkr. 
ITealey James M., division engineer I. C. R. R. 
Hess Isaac H., mason and builder. 
HESSEL GUSTAVUS E., harness mkr. 
HOLLISTER & BRO., (Olmstead and Allison) 

general store. Also at Urban a. 
HOXIE WILLIAM H., billiard saloon. 
House & Edwards, nursery. 
Howard H. C., physician. 
Hubbard William A., barber. 
HUTCHINSON JEROME B., livery stable. 
Johnson & Bogardus, dealer in hay, broom 

corn, etc. 

Kaffer Francois X., harness mkr. 
Kaschnor Adolph, saloon. 
Kendle George, painter. 
Kingsbury Sophia Mi?s, dresa mkr. 
KUNEY TEAS & CO., (John K., Willard T., 

Aaron Biedler. and Alfred Southwick,) 

lumber, lime and cement. 
LARNED CHARLES G., stoves and tinware. 
Link & Herbeck, (John L., and Joseph H.,) 

wagon mkrs. and blacksmiths. 

Loel Louis, agt. groceries, hardware, etc. 

Loutzenhiser Alonzo A., ialoon and eating 

McAllister E. N., insurance agt. 

McCORKEL JOSEPH, hardware and agricul- 
tural implements. 

McFADDEN SAMUEL, general store. 

McKINLEY & BURNHAM, (James B. McK., 
and Albert C. B.,) attorneys at law. (See 
advt. p. xlvi.) 

MARBLE SILAS M., grain, flour, salt, feed, etc 
MARSHALL & TEAL, (Minus B. M., and S. 

Milton T.) boots, shoes, hats, caps, gloves 

hosiery, etc. 
Mills C. H., physician. 
MILLER & TOLL, (Ezekiel M., and Philip R. 

T.) dry goods. 
MINCHROD & EPPSTEIN, (Simon M., and 

Rndoiph M. E.,) clothiers and merchant 


MORROW JAMES, attorney at law 

Mussson R. B., tannery. 

Nash Benjamin, barber. 

Neil House, Samuel Dean, propr. 

Ohio House, A. Stipes, propr. 

Oliver James S., station agt. I. C. R. R. 

Owen James, grocery and bakery. 

Page S. K.- physician. 

Palmer Nathaniel, mason and builder. 

PEABODY & AYRES, (Stehen G. P., and 
Edwin R. A.,) blacksmiths and mnfrs. of 
corn plows. 

Peacock Robert, mnfr. and dealer in lumber. 

Pearman, D. Physician. 

Pendery N. S., physician, (homeo.) 

Phillips Harrison, mason and builder. 

Price William, painter. 

Randall Nathan, prest. Urbana & Champaign 
R. R. 

RECTOR A. D. & H. C., (Amos D, and Henry 
C.,) groceries. 

Richter Frederich, carpenter and builder. 

Richards E. C., " American Express" agt. 

Roggy Jacob, brewery. 

Romine & Brown, (William II. R. and Simeon 
H. B.,) groceries. 

Rittenhous J. F., city marshal. 

Rugg Daniel, boots, shoes and leather. 

Rupert & Collier, carpenters and builders. 

SCHNEIDER ADAM, mnfr. and dealer in to- 

Schmidt August, grocery. 

Schubert Charles, shoemkr. 


SCROGGS JOHN W., postmaster and physi- 
cian, (eclectic.) 

SHANNON & PERSONS, (James W. S. and 
Richard P.,) groceries, etc. 

Sherry & Cosgrove, (Chalmers M. S. and 
Thomas A. C.,) insurance agts. and nota- 
ries public. 

SMITH ERIE B., photographer. 

Stephenson R. 0., carpenter and builder. 

Stern N. & Bro., (Nathan and Abraham,) clo- 
thing, hats, caps, boots and shoes, etc. 

WHEELER & WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street. Chicago, 111. 
4&eo. K. Cuittenden, Genera] Agent for 111., \Vi., Iowa, Ittinn. & N. Indiana. 





STEWART WILLIAM, meat market. 

Stipes Abraham, propr. " Ohio House." 

Stoughton & Babcock, contractors. 

Stoughton J. C., (Rev.,) pres. " Champaign 
and Urbana Institute." 

STONE ANDREW J., boot and shoemkr. and 

Strip August, painter. 

Summers John W., propr. " Gazette" 

Sullivan John, saloon. 

SUTTON ROYAL A., stoves and tinware. 

Swannell Henry, druggist, bookseller and i 
dealer in periodicals. 

Sweet Ellis L., attorney at law. 

Trevett Oliver, bakery and grocery. 

Trusdell Z., principal graded school. 

Tyrrell Thomas, saloon. 

Van Horn Henrietta Miss, millinery. 

VARNEY GORHAM C., groceries. 

WALKER BROTHERS, (Francis T. and Lu- 
cius W.,) mnfrs. and dealers in furniture. 

WHITMORE CHARLES B., bakery and gro- 

WILKINSON JESSE, photographer. 

WINGARD DAVID, watchmkr. and jeweler. 

WOLF JOHN S., attorney at law and war 
claim agt. 

Wright James S., mayor of city. 


A township and post village, in the north- 
ern part of Cass county, on the Peoria, Pekin 
& Jacksonville Railroad, and Sangamon river, 
about 220 miles from Chicago. The soil of 
the surrounding country is quite fertile, com- 
posed of black loam, interspersed with sand 
and clay. It has two church organizations, 
Congregational and Methodist Episcopal ; also, 
a lodge of Good Templars. Population, 400. 
Postmaster, Newton S. Read. 

Professions, Trades, etc. "^ 

Boicourt John, carpenter. 

Chandler & Trackleton, (Charles C. and Da- 
vid S. T.,) druggists and general store. 

Chandler Charles, physician and dentist. 

Chandler Mary Jane, propr's American House. 

Childs Marcia, milliner. 

Comstock Augustus, cooper. 

Cotton Lymati S., harnessmkr. 

During Charles, saloon. 

Dickerson Orson C., (Rev.,) Congregational. 

Garner Amos K., (Rev.,) Methodist. 

Gladding James W., carriagemkr., jeweler and 

Goodrich Hiram, saw mill. 

Gum John B., flour mill. <. 

Jokel Henry, wagonmkr. 

Marey Almira, propr's. Travelers House. 

Marey Darius, carpenter. 

Marey Henry S., lumber dealer. 

Meireis George, boot and shoemkr. 

Miller Levi B., jeweler and watchmkr. 

O'Brien Patrick, blacksmith. 

Paddock Joseph A , general store and cloth- 

Paddock Sylvester, insurance agt. 

Phelps Young, blacksmith. 

Plahn & Co., (George P. and Charles Nor- 

bury,) general stores. 
Read Newton S., dentist. 
Reichel Gothleib, mason. 
Robinson Cicero, carpenter. 
Shewalter Henry, cooper. 
Sprouse William T. blacksmith. 
Way Thomas B., general store. 


A post village and township of Will county, 
three miles south of the Chicago & Rock 
Island Railroad, and about ten miles south- 
west of Joliet. It contains a Methodist Epis- 
copal church, Masonic Lodge No. 262, and 
Good Templars Lodge. Population about 
1,500. Postmaster, C. Bradford. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Bates E. E., blacksmith and wagonmkr. 

Beggs James, cabinetmkr. 

Black George W., harnessmkr. 

Dasby Adam, cooper. 

Fitch Joseph, physician. 

Gorman T., tailor. 

Hoon Carl, boots and shoes. 

Horton Jacob R., wagonmkr. % 

Jones William S. physician. 

Lewis Joseph, druggist and general store. 

Morej Andrew C., lumber dealer. 

Morse R. N., (Rev.,) Methodist. 

Sage G. W., carpenter. 

Templeton James, blacksmith. 

Weix Joseph, boots and shoes. 

Willard T. R., carpenter. 


A postoffice in Morgan county. 


A post village and capital of Coles coun- 
ty, on the St. Louis, Terre Haute & Alton 
Railroad, ten niiles east of Mattoon, where the 
Illinois Central crosses the St. L., T. H. & A, 
R. R. The town was laid off in the winter of 
1830, and incorporated in 1839. The first 
settler was Mr. Benjamin Parker. It now con- 
tains a fine court house, five churches, Catho- 
lic, Baptist, Presbyterian. Methodist and 
Christian, one male and female academy, two 
weekly newspapers, two public schools, two 
woolen factories, one iron foundry and ma- 
chine shop, two plow factories, a brewery, 
distillery, etc. There is a fine public hall, ca- 
pable of seating 600 people, and there are 
lodges of A. F. & A. Misons, and I. 0. of 0. 
Fellows. The population is 2,500. David C. 
Ambler, postmaster. 

Professions, Trades, etc, 

Ashmore James M., live stock dealer. 
Ashmore & Higginbotham, milliners and dress 

Bagley Tilman, marble works. 



^, Piano Fortes, Ittelodeons and Parlor 
and RetaU, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111 

Organs, Wholesale 





Bain A. N. & Co., iron foundry and machine 
shop, also stove mnfrs. 

Barlow John P., boots and shoes. 

Barnard H. C., ghysician and dentist. 

Bastian Stephen, Bhoemkr. 

Beruer Eliaa, boot and shoemkr. and dealer. 

Blakeman, flour mill. 


BRADSHAW CYRUS A., billiard hall. 

Briggs Charles R.,^livery stable. 

Bunnel, Ray & Co., grocers. 

Brown Jacob I., county clerk. 

Burnett W. J. & Co., (William J. and Harriet 
S B.,) boots, shoes and leather. 

Carman William. H., druggist. 

CHAMBERS & McCRORY, (Thomas G. C. 
and James McC.,) general store. 

" Charleston Plain Dealer," 'E. F. Chittenden, 
editor and propr., weekly republican. 

Charleston Woolen Factory, Thomas Lytle & 
Co., proprs. 

Chittend.-n Eli F., editor " Plain Dealer." 

Churchill H. C., physican. 

Clark Benjamin F., grocery. 

Clark House, J. P. Cooper, propr. 

Collom William N., books, periodicals, no- 
tions, etc. 

Compton Albert, general store. 

Coon Christopher, carpenter and builder. 

"Coles County Ledger," John H. Eastin, 
editor and propr., democratic weekly. 

Cooper Joshua P., propr. Clark House. 

Cox Charles F., horse dealer. 

Grofoot & Clement, flour mill. 

CUNNINGHAM JAMES R., attorney at law 
and prosecuting attorney. 

Curd Edmund, harnessmkr. 

Davidson Hiram H., saloon. 

Dayton Joseph, watchmkr and jeweler. 

Delaney P. B., barber. 

Devault Michael, plow mnfr. 

Dunbar Alexander P., attorney at law. 

Eastin Elisha, groceries. 

Eastin John M., propr. " Ledger." 

Edwards Gideon, county judge. 

FALLS & RICKETTS, (Jesse F. and John A. 
R.,) marble workers. 

FICKLIN & MOORE, (Orlando B. F. and Ste- 
phen B. M.,) attorneys at law and land 

FISHER WILLIAM W., pump dealer. 

Freeman Henry B., carpenter and builder. 

Gage Eliphalet B., station agent St. L., A. & 
T. H. R. R., and agt. Am. Express. 

Gage Joseph, grain dealer. 

Geiser Christian G., meat market. 

Griggs E. A., saw mill- 
Hanks Dennis F., shoemaker. 

Hanson John L., telegraph operator. 

Harry William E., blacksmith. 

Heath John & Levi, distillery. 

Hinkley P., mnfr. of ag'l impl'ts. 

HINKLEY P. & CO., mnfrs., agts and deal- 
ers in ag'l impl'ts. 

Hinkle , saloon. 

Hill J. B. & Co., grocery. 

HITCHCOCK DAVID M., hardware, iron, etc. 

Houriet Emile, watchmaker, jeweler and deal- 
er in clothing. 

Hulman Theodore, groceries, whol. and ret. 

Hutchison Benjamin M., meat market. 

nedy & Weiss, proprs. 

Jenkins W. M. & E. A., (William M. and 
Elijah A.,) dry goods, hats, caps, boots, 
shoes, crockery, etc. 

Johnson William S., baker and confectioner. 

KAHN M. & CO., (Moses, Louis and Mark 
K.,) clothing, boots, shoes, hats caps, etc. 

KELLEY HENRY C., photographer. 

KENNEDY & HUMPHREY, (James K. and 
Samuel C. H.,) druggists. 

Kennedy & Weiss, (William K. and Henry 
N.,) proprs. " Illinois Woolen Factory." 

Klin John, shoemaker. 

Lands Felix, merchant tailor. 

LAWRENCE THEODORE C., photographer. 

Levinson Samuel, tailor. 

LEWIS WILLIAM F. & CO., groceries. 

Lytle Thomas & Co-, (Aaron Bliss,) proprs. 
" Charleston Woolen Factory." 

McLain & St. John, (Michael C. McL. and 
John P. St. J.,) attorneys at law. 

March Thomas J., furniture dealer and under- 

Messer Daniel, propr. " Messer House." 

MILLER JAMES M., dry goods, Clothing, 
crockery, etc. 

MORTON & CLEMENT, (Charles H. Morton 
and Henry C. Clement,) bankers. 

MORTON, CLEMENT & CO., (Charles H. 
M., Henry C. C., William C. Ferguson 
and Austin Clement,) dry goods, clothing, 
boots, shoes, crockery, etc. 

Nees James, saw mill. 

NORFOLK HARRISON R., groceries. 

O'Hair John H., county sheriff. 

OWENS CORNELIUS, whol. and ret. gro- 

Parcels R. M. & H. S., (Robert M. and Hora- 
tio S.,) general store. 

Pile William H. K., propr. " Union Hotel." 

PINATEL CHARLES, dry goods, boots, 
shoes, clothing, crockery, etc. 

Pool Jefferson, carpenter and builder. 

Poorman A. C., saloon. 

Pugh & Waters, carriage and blacksmith shop. 

Ricketts Andrew A., eating house. 

Rigsby William, blacksmith. 

Ritchey Alexander, boots and shoes. 

Schmitz John A., bakery and confectionery. 

SKIDMORE & NESBIT, (James S. and Si- 
meon H. N.,) harness makers. 

Smith Charles Af, photographer. 

STANLEY & COA, (Benjamin 0. S. and 
Charles F. C.,) meat market. 

Stryker John, mason and builder. 

Taylor Jacob E., attorney at law and ins. agt. 

Teel George W., circuit clerk. 

TEMPLIN THOMAS M., plow mnfr. 

Tinkey Henry, flour mill. 

Terrill William L., attorney at law. 

Tremble John H., county treasurer. 

Tucker John W., brick maker. 

^Y HEELER. & WILSON'S Sewing: Machines, 1O6 Lake Street, Chicago, 111* 
Geo, K. Chitteudeu, General Agent lor 111., \vi., Iowa, Minn. dc N, Indiana, 





TUCKER & DILLARD, (George T. and Joel 
M. D.,) stoves and tinware. 

" UNION HOTEL," W. H. K. Pile, propr. 

Vale David D., carpenter and builder. 

Van Deren Theophilus, dry goods, clothing, 
boots, shoes, hats, caps, etc. 

VAN DEREN & WINTER, (Joseph N. Van 
D. and Isaac W.,) merchant tailors. 

VAN METER & ALLEN, (Samuel Van M. 
and Horace R. A.,) physicians and sur- 

Walter George, brewery and distillery. 

Weiss August, barber. 

Weiss Henry, hardware and lumber. 

Weiss & Kennedy, woolen factory. 

Whittemore & Taylor, (William A. W, and 
Jacob E. T.,) agrl. impltg., wagons, seeds, 
etc., grocers and notaries public. 

WILSON BROTHERS, (Isaac D. and Alfred 
J., (dry goods, clothing, crockery, milli- 
nery, etc.; also, bankers.) (See adv't, p. 

Wiley & Parker, attorneys at law. 

WILEY & SHRIVER, (LeRoy W. and Ar- 
thur C. S.,) stoves and tinware, and 
mnfrs. of tin, copper and sheet iron "ware. 

Wright Samuel, justice of the peace. 


A post village in Campbell township, San- 
gamon county, on the St. Louis, Alton & Chi- 
cago Railroad, 194 miles from Chicago, and 
87 from St. Louis. It contains two churches, 
viz.: Methodist and Presbyterian ; also, a 
telegraph office. Population 500. Postmas- 
ter, Stephen S. Sabine. 

Professions, Trades, etc, 

Armstrong John W., photographist. 

Beerup Thomas, blacksmith. 

Brewer William M., druggist. 

Day Bennet, blacksmith. 

Drennan Andrew P., boot and shoemaker. 

Fisher Joseph R., mason. 

Fox B. W., physician. 

Hawkins William, carpenter. 

Hermon & Bro., (John H. and David C.,) gro- 

Hicox C. Y., (Rev.,) Methodist. 

Hillerman William C., blacksmith. 

Holstein John, carpenter. 

Melvin James, dry goods. 

Montgomery E. F., cabinet maker. 

Parmeter Horatio, harness maker. 

Power Maurice, boot and shoemaker. 

Ransom John G., carriage and wagon maker. 

Sabine Sheridan S., carpenter. 

Shepherd Henry H., cooper. 

Smith Caleb B., flour mill. 

Smith Bro., (Blake G. and Edwin B.,) dry 

Thayer Erastus W., (Rev.,) Presbyterian. 

Turner John S., lumber dealer. 

Wright Nehemiah, physician. 


A postoffice in Iroquois county. 


A township and post village of Iroquois 
county, sixty-five miles south-south-west from 
Chicago, on the Chicago Branch of the Illinois 
Central Railroad. It is situated on a fine 
rolling prairie, which produces good crops of 
corn, wheat, oats, &c. The village contains a 
Methodist Episcopal Church aol- a Lodge of 
Good Templars. PopulatioiT of township, 
1,200. Posimaster, R. S. Richmond. 

Professions, Trades, 
Bard Charles, general store. 
Develling James, physician. 
Frescutt J. P., insurance agent. 
Garlock Washington, lawyer 
Gublail Luther, saloon. 
Haley Michael, blacksmith. 
Hall Edwin D., (Rev.,) M. E. 
Jackson Andrew, propr. " Chebanse House.'* 
Jaguth James, carpenter. 
Richmond E. S., general store. 
Young L. G., blacksmith. 

;;\> ' 


A village in the township of Frankfort, 
Will county, on the Joliet & Northern Indiana 
Railroad, about 35 miles from Chicago. The 
village contains a Baptist and a Methodist 
Church. Population, 250. Postmaster, W. 
B. Cleveland. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Barker A. B., carpenter. 
Bender Frederick, wagon mkr. and blacksmith. 
Blackman Elisha, carpenter. 
Bradford David V., physician. 
Browne James M., attorney. 
Carpenter Josiah, real estate agent. 
Carpenter N. A., general store. 
Cleveland & Owen, (William B. C- and Wil- 
liam B. 0.,) general store. 
Dulraaye George A., cooper. 
Eten Anton, brewer. 
Gloss W. H., (Rev.,) Methodist. 
Haradan Simeon, mason. 
Helfman Adolph, saloon. 
Holden Newton P., physician. 
Kramer Fred., carpenter and saloon. 
Letts James R., hotel. 
Lett3 Jeremiah, dentist. 
Letts David, (Rev.,) Baptist. 
McKeown Hugh, blacksmith. 
Mertens Matthias, boot and shoemaker. 
Nettles Henry, saloon. 
Ruger Charles C., harness maker. 
Ruggles Lorenzo, carpenter. 
Stanhal Thomas, merchant tailor. 
Stoffenberg George, boot and shoe maker: 
Widenbauch William, carriage maker. 
Zeutsch Frank, carpenter. 


A village in Dunham township, McHenry 
county, near the Kenosha, Rockford & Rock 
Island Railroad, 26 miles north-east of Rock, 

I". W. KIUIBAI^, Piano Fortes, OTelodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 14* JLake Street, Chicago, 111, 





Cheney's Grove, 

A post village and township of McLean 
county, about 25 miles west of Blooraington. 
It is situated on a rolling prairie, with fertile 
soil and plenty of running water The village 
contains a Methodist Church. Population, 
about 800. Postmaster M. C. Young. 
Professions, Trades, ;etc. 

Bradshaw C. G., (Rev.,) Methodist. 

Gallagher, Simons & Co., general store. 

Gardineer Philip, propr. hotel. 

Sprague B., cooper. 

Stoddard H., (Rev.,) United Brethren. 

Stansburg John M. , propr. hotel. 

Voss John T., attorney. 

Warren & Beckwith, general store. 

Cherry Grove, 

A township and village in Carroll county, 
about two miles north of the Northern Illinois 
Railroad, 16 miles south-west of Freeport, and 
136 from Chicago. Cherry Grove postoffice 
is about one mile west of the village. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Bremer Henry, wagon maker. 

Brown Nathan H., (Rev.,) United Presbyte- 

Burger Isaac Z., carpenter. 

Fox Frank, station agent. 

Franks John W., propr. Shannon House. 

Ginter Lewis, blacksmith. 

Graham Archibald, physician at Boardman's 

Higgins & Son., general store. 

Kehm Jacob, lumber dealer. 

Loveland Leonidas C., grain dealer. 

Lasheil Jacob S., general store. 

Malburn William P., grain dealer. 

Mastin Jethro, physician. 

Moran M., grain dealer. 

Noel & Lasheil, (Michael F. N. and George M. 
L.), boot and shoe makers and dealers. 

Porter J. B., physician. 

Shriver Samuel, restaurant. 

Shumway R. G. &Co., (Romanzo G. S., Alvaro 
S. and Benjamin G. McCreedy), druggists. 

Thornton John, saloon. 

Tippery John, blacksmith. 

Wilder John W., carpenter. 

Yoter Levi, harness maker. 

Cherry Point City. 

A postoffice of Edgar county. 

Cherry Valley. 

A township and post village in Winnebago 
county on the Galena and Chicago Union 
Railway, 84 miles from Chicago. It contains 
three churches, viz. : Baptist, Methodist and 
Universalist; two societies, Masonic and Good 
Templars No. 122. Also one broom factory 
*nd one washing machine factory. Population, 
600. Posmaster, Sarah B. Johnson. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Akerly W. F., carpenter. 

Ames A. T., grocer. 

Barrows George S., physician. 

Blackington Emit A., druggist. 

Brigham J. W., carpenter. 

Brownell Thomas E., lawyer. 

Brownels & Spencer, flour mill. 

Carpenter J. J., lumoerdealer. 

Carr R. S., carpenter. 

Caspair Joseph, harnessmaker. 

Clogston Samuel, mnfr. and dealer in boots 
and shoes. 

Dale & Co., saloon. 

DeGruff Abraham F., carriage and wagon- 

Fuller Charles E., newsdealer. 

Fuller James A., general store. 

Holt Leonard (Rev.), Methodist. 

Home, Wood & White, washing machines. 

Hovey Benjamin B., insurance agent. 

How & Terry, (E. W. H. and G. E. T.), dry 

Howe Maynard M., grocer. 

Howe & Brown, mnfrs. brooms. 

Howe & Henry, hardware. 

Lawrie & Blackington, carriagemaker. 

Leonard James, propr. V alley Hotel. 1 

Lovell R. A., mnfr. boots and shoes. 

Patterson Harvey L., blacksmith. 

Pierce Lewis R., propr. Kishwaukee Hotel. 

Riddell Joseph, mnfr. boots and shoes. 

Riddell William, mason. 

Roberts Eli F., grain dealer. 

Spencer & Co., grocers. 

Tickner A. 0., grain dealer. 

VanBuren Lambert, physician. 

Vandercook Gustavus M., harnessmaker. 

Wheeler Almon, lumberdealer. 


A post town and capital of Randolph Co., 
on the Mississippi river, 1^ mileg below the 
mouth of the Kaskaskia river and 70 miles 
below St. Louis. The soil of the adjoining 
country is especially adapted for wheat raising 
and fruit. The town contains 8 churches, 
viz. : Baptist, Episcopal, German Lutheran, 
Methodist E., Methodist, (African), Presby- 
terian, Roman Catholic, II. Presbyterian ; also 
two weekly newspapers, " Randolph County 
Democrat" and " Egyptian Picket Guard." It 
has two flour mills, two barrel factories, etc. 
Population about 2,000. Postmaster, John F. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Ahlmeyer Caspar, mason. 

Ahlmeyer J. H., general store. 

Allen Thomas G., attorney at law. 

Anderson E. T. A. A. propr's Hotel. 

Anderson A. A., druggist. 

Andrews A., general store. 

Baker Peter, saloon. 

Barber Orson L. (Rev.), Baptist. 

Barnum William, attorney at law. 

Beare Joseph, general store and lumber dealer. 

WHEELER & WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Geo. R. Chlttenden, General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, ITIiun. & N. Indiana. 





Bickett Hugh, harness maker. 

Block Charles, lumber dealer. 

Bode Henry, boot and shoemaker. 

Bommelmanri Frederick, boot and shoe- 

Bruns William, billiard saloon. 

Buckman F., general store. 

Bunge William, boot and shoemaker. 

Burdorf Peter, saloon. 

Charles Benjamin H. (Rev.), Presbyterian. 

Chmeliceck Frederick (Rev.), Roman Cath- 

Clyman William, saloon. 

Cole H. C. & Co., flour mill. 

Cook Emanuel, general store. 

Corwin & Co., harness makers. 

Dunn Alex. & Co., clothier. 

Edwards J. L., druggist 

Eiricfi Michael (Rev.), Roman Catholic. 

Fellinger Daniel, boot and shoemaker. 

Floreth William (Rev.), German Methodist. 

Gaussmann Francis, blacksmith. 

Gnaeggy Jacob, billiard saloon. 

Goehrs Henry, cabinet maker. 

Griese Frederick, boot and shoemaker. 

Harmon A., billiard saloon. 

Hartenberger Jacob, wagon maker. 

Hayward G., watches and jewelry. 

Heine Frederick, cigar mnfr. 

Heis George, cabinet maker. 

Hempler Amelia Mrs., milliner. 

Holmes Jos. B., flour mill propr., and agent 
real estate. 

Horn Caspar, hotel propr. 

Haskins Chauncy J., livery stable. 

Johnson J. P., attorney at law. 

Jones C. T., physician. 

Jones Gabriel S., general store. 

Kennedy John, blacksmith. 

Knapp Charles, general store. 

Lisch P. A., brewer. 

Mann Robert, wagon maker. 

Middendorf J. G., general store. 

Minner J. A. B., photographs, ambrotypes, 

Mitchel William H. (Rev.), Episcopal. 

Muegge Augustus, cooper. 

Oaks Samuel, physician. 

Phillip August, general store. 

Pohlmann Augustus, cooper. 

Pollock J. T., physician. 

Rebbe Fred., blacksmith. 

Roberts William, harness maker. 

Ritter Valentine, billiard saloon. 

Roeder Henry, cooper. 

Sannemanri William, groceries. 

Schrader & Ebrecht, saloon. 

Schrode Charles, confectioner. 

Schuchert J. F. W., blacksmith. 

Schulze H. H., boot and shoemaker. 

SegarT., general store. 

Servant R. B., insurance agent. 

Sherman J. G., carpenter. 

Shutz Henry, clothier. 

Smith Martin, confectioner. 

Stolle H. R., groceries. 

Stumpe Henry, carpenter. 

Tackenbere H. & Bro., merchant tailors. 

Walker Capt. E., saloon. 

Warren Stanford, carpenter. 

Wassel Charles, merchant tailor. 

Watt James H., attorney at law. 

Wegener August, gunsmith. 

Wegner Christian, cabinet maker. 

Wheerly Michael, mason. 

Wheerly Raymond, watches and jewelry. 

Wolf, Block & Co., general store. 


A post village and township of Macoupin 
county, 11 miles west of Carlinville on the 
St. Louis, Alton and Chicago Railway, via 
which it is 70 miles from St. Louis. It is on 
the stage route from Carrolton to Carlinville. 
It has a daily mail and contain^ six churches, 
viz. : Congregational, Episcopal, Methodist E., 
Miss. Baptist, United Baptist and N. S. Pres- 
byterian ; also an Odd Fellows Lodge and two 
Lodges of Good Templars. Population of 
Township, 1,000. Postmaster, William S. 

Professions, Trades, etc. 

Burton E, P., physician. 

Cory Edward, carpenter. 

Drake Gideon W., blacksmith. 

Dresser David (Rev.), Episcopalian. 

Dews John, real estate agent. 

Farrow Albert (Rev.), United Baptist. 

Goodsell Amos, carpenter. 

Goodsell Henry P., carriage and wagon 


Hall David T., mason. 
Hall Jacob, mason. 
Hewett George, carpenter. 
Hildreth Amos, physician. 
Holliday John R., blacksmith. 
Humble William, mason. 
Keller Strowd V., insurance agent. 
Lawson ZadocB., insurance agent. 
Ledbrook Leonard, (Rev.) Methodist E. and 


Lee Morris, general store. 
Lee Samuel _i., general store. 
Lee Simon, boot and shoe maker. 
Lofton Eliza S. L., general store. 
Loomis William B., flour mill and saw mill. 
Murphy Constine, physician. 
Oliver Robert, cabinet maker. 
Paterson Riley, blacksmith. 
Peebles Lewis M., druggist. 
Peebles Margaret A., milliner. 
Platt Henry E. (Rev.), Congregational. 
Redder Pascal L., saw mills. 
Sherman James L., physician. 
Smith Cpnstine H., physician. 
Smith Solomon, blacksmith. 
Solomon Philemon, hotel propr. and real 

estate agent. 

Towse Thomas, carriage and wagon maker. 
Towse William, carriage maker. 
Wheat Thomas, blacksmith. 

W. W. KIMBAI*!*, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 






In presenting a sketch of the Garden City 
of the West, in a Gazeteer of Illinois, the in- 
telligent reader will not expect to find a his- 
tory, which would alone occupy the pages of 
a volume. It will, however, be expected that 
we should dwell a little more than ordinarily 
upon the antecedents and wonderful growth of 
this vast city, which has sprung into existence, 
within the date and memory of men of the 
present generation. 

The occupation of this part of the great 
west by the Indians, j.nd more especially in 
this region of country by the Pottawatomies, 
who made it their roving ground ; and from 
this point where the fur trade with ihe Indi- 
ans was carried on, is now well known, and 
part of the early history of Chicago. Before 
the opening up^of railroads, and when the dis- 
tance, and difficulties of traveling, made a 
journey so far west, all but an impossibility, 
an Indian trading station was established here 
and occupied by a few whites who at that 
early period, in the spirit of adventure made 
their way so far west, from the civilized por- 
tion of our people. At the close of the Indian 
war in 1795 by General Wayne, the Chiefs of 
the several tribes assembled by his invitation 
at Greenville, Ohio, and there effected a treaty 
of peace which closed the war of the west. 
In this treaty the Indians ceded to the United 
States numerous small tracts of land, where 
forts and trading posts established. 
Among these, was one described as " one piece 
of land six miles square, at the mouth of 
Chickajo (Chicago) River, emptying into the 
south-west end of Lake Michigan, where apost 
formerly stood." In the same treaty, a free 
passage bv land or water, is secured from the 
mouth of the Chicago river to the commence- 
ment of the portage between that river and 
the Illinois, and down the Illinois to the Mis- 
sissipi. In this treaty is contained the first 

land trade of this city, the first step in that 
order of business which distinguishes Chicago 
above every other city of nation, the first link 
in the chain of title to the thousands upon 
thousands of transfers that have been made 
of the soil thus parted with by the Indians. 

Not many years after this " tract and parcel 
of land" six miles square had been ceded to 
the United States, the proprietors thought it 
practicable to enter upon actual possession. 
Accordingly in 1804, the government built 
the first United States fort occuping this lo- 
cality. It stood nearly on the site of the fort 
erectt-d in 1816, and finally demolished, in the 
summer of 1856. The fort was furnished 
with three pieces of light artillery. A com- 
pany of United States troops, about fifty in 
number, many of whom were invalids, consti- 
tuted the garrison. It received the name of 
Fort Dearborn, by which it was ever after 
known as long as it continued a military post. 
The fort stood upon the slightly elevated point 
on the south side of the river, near the lake 
shore, formed by a bend in the river, just 
before mingling its waters with those of the 

This fort then occupied one of the most 
beautiful sites on the lake shore. It was as 
high as any other point, overlooking the sur- 
face of the lake ; commanding as well as any 
other view on this flat surface could, the 
prairie extending to the south, the belt of tim- 
ber along the South Branch and on the North 
Side, and the white sand hills both to the 
north arid south, which had for ages past been 
the sport of the lake winds. It stood upon 
a flattened mound, formed by the curve of the 
river at its base on its three sides. On the 
apex of this mound-shaped elevation stood the 
buildings of the old fort, its two block houses 
on opposite corners, enclosed'by palisades, and 
a green grassy slope extending each way, and 
on the north and east side down to the edge 
of the ever quite waters of Chicago river. 


WHEELER & WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, IU. 
CJeo. R. Chittenden, General Agent for 111., WIs., Iowa, Minn. & N. Indiana. 





Up to the time of the erection of this fort | 
no white man had made here his Lome. The j 
Pottawutomie Indians had here undisputed 
sway. Their villages were near by. In addi- 
tion to the garrison, there soon gathered here 
ft few families of French, Canadians and half- 
breeds, consisting of that floating class which 
hang about a military post, or an Indian trad- 
ing station. Whatever there was of civilized 
society, which has connected those days of the 
past in a bright chain of identity with the 
present, was sustained in the Kinzie family. 
And such was the nucleus of a community 
formed in the center of the North- West, but 
half a century ago, shut out from communica- 
tion with all the world, except by the waters 
of the lakes, passed over but once or twice a 
year by a single sail vessel ; or by Indian trails 
to other almost as isolated communities at St. 
Louis, Detroit, or Fort Wayne. It was cer- 
tainly a way-mark in the wilderness far in ad- 
vance of civilization. They were a little 
world unto themselves. They pursued in an 
even way, the narrow routine of pioneer life, 
furnishing few incidents of sufficient note to 
fill up a page of history, from the time of the 
creation of this fort, till the one great incident, 
which blotted it out and its little surrounding 
community, the massacre in 1812. 

The author of "Waubun," remarks as a 
native saying of the Indians, " the first white 
man who settled here was a negro." Point- 
au-Sable, a native of St. Domingo, from a life 
wandering, made his advent here among the 
Indians in 1796, as a character of some conse- 
quence. He had made the Indians believe he 
had been a chief among the white men and 
probably expected some such honor among his 
new friends. He made some improvements, 
merely driving the pre-emption stakes of civ- 
ilization, when he left in disgust or discour- 
agement, and ended his days with Glamorgan, 
at Peoria, a St. Domingo negro friend, who 
had obtained large Spanish grants of land 
about St. Louis. A Frenchman by the name 
of Le Mai took possession of Point-au-Sable's 
improvements, and commenced trading with 
the Indians. Le Mai's establishment, a few 
years after was purchased by John Kinzie, 
Esq., then an Indian trader in the St. Joseph 
country, Michigan, who came with his familv 
to Chicago to reside, in 1804, the year in 
which the fort was built. John Kinzie was 
the first permanent white resident of Chicago, 
the tirst man to .establish permanent trade, 
and improvement?, and to leave the impress of 
his enterprise and the marks of civilization 
on the first things from which Chicago has 
sprung. For nearly twenty years he was, wiih 
the exception of the military, the only. white 
inhabitant of Northern Illinois. If any per- 
son is entitled to the honor of being st}led the 
" Father of Chicago," that person is unques- 
I tionably John Kinzie. 

Mr. Kinzie's residence was the first house 

built in Chicago. A part of it was the same 

!. rude structure put up by the so-culled first 

'I white man the negro Jean Baptiste Point- 

au-Sable, about the year 1796. It was en- 
larged and improved by LE MAI, of whom Mr. 
Kinzie purchased, who further improved it 
internally and externally, until he made it a 
respectable family mansion. It stood on the 
north side of the river, fronting the Fort. Be- 
tween this house and the fort, there was kept 
up a foot ferry, and a little boat swung in the 
stream awaiting the pleasure of any passenger. 
A fdot path on each side, from the gate of the 
fort, or the door of the mansion, to the plat- 
forms at the water's edge, from which the pas- 
senger stepped into the boat, marked the 
course of travel from one side to the other. 

The quietnesss and deep repose of the 
scenery, marked only by an occasional Indian 
in a canoe, or a pony with a pack of furs ; or 
a Fr> nch Canadian loitering here or there, a 
soldier pacing his rounds about the fort, or 
idly strolling over the prairies, or hunting in 
the woods, it is impossible to conceive should 
have been superseded within half a century 
by one of the busiest cities in the National 

There can be no question that the growth 
of this city has been promoted by its favorable 
geographical position. Situated at the mouth 
of the Chicago River it is so favorably 
adapted for lake commerce, that vessels of 
considerable size could enter the harbor, and 
trade extend into the interior by boats down 
the river. As the population increased and 
the developement of the resources of the 
State were commenced by the early settler?, 
it became evident that one of the most effect- 
ive improvements would be a canal for boats, 
with a towing path along its side railroads 
noi then having come into use. Accordingly, 
the legislature passed a bill appointing Canal 
Commissioners, and authorizing the Illinois 
& Michigan Canal. To them were also as- 
signed the duty of laying out the towns along 
the line of the Canal, and in the autumn of 
1829 they proceeded to lay out the town of 
Chicago, having employed Mr. James Thomp- 
son to survey and plat the town, which he did. 
His first map is in the Recorder's office, bear- 
ing date August 4, 1830, and is the part known 
as the original town of Chicago. This was 
the beginning of Chicago as a recognized 
place, its first official organization, which must 
be dated as its birth. ^The projection of the 
canal was the immediate precursor of the city, 
the source from which she received her first 
impulse and to which she is more indebted lor 
her greatness than to any other source. 

Subsequently it is true a more direct 
and speedy impulse has been given to Chicago 
by her many railroads ; but the canal was her 
strength in her infancy, her hope for many 
long years of struggle, 'when her fortune with 
that of the canal waxed and waned together, 
when financial disasters fell upon one it fell 
upon the other, and, at last, when the canal 
policy prevailed, and its fortunes rose, Chicago 
rose with it; and when it triumphed at last, 
and the work was finished, Chicago triumphed 
also, and became then the full formed bud of 

W. W, Kill 15 A LI., Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 JLake State, Chicago, III. 



WHEELER & WILSON'S Fewing ]flr chines, 106 Lake Street. Chicago, III. 
Geo. K. Cl ittenden, Gerera] A^er.t lor 111., AVis., Iowa, ITIinn. & IV. Indiana. 





promise of all she has become since. Then 
her railroads became a necessity, demanded by 
her next step of progress, and they, too lin- 
gered and struggled for a time ; but as Chi- 
cago, backed by the county, had made the 
canal, she also made her railroads. But she 
has outgrown her nursing mother, and the 
Canal is now looked upon as a comparative 
" old fogy" institution one of the thing* that 
were to be superseded by new inventions; 
nevertheless it has its use, a valuable one, and 
Chicago knows better than to give up her ca- 
nal. She and the State, and indeed the United 
States must make this a great national work, 
by enlarging its original conception to a ship 
canal, to draw off through the harbor of Chi- 
cago, the drainage of the city in the supply 
of water needed for the improvement of the 
Illinois River ; so enlarging the original plan 
that steamboats and gun boats, if required, 
can pass from the Lake to the Mississippi, that 
steamers from New Orleans can be moored at 
our docks, and Chicago steamers in like man- 
ner at New Orleans. Nothing short of this 
will answer the demand of the times. 

The construction of the canal was no easy 
task; obstacles springing up entirely unfore- 
seen, and nothing but indomitable persever- 
ance finally overcame all, and the great under- 
taking became an accomplished fact. Rail- 
roads have but followed the law of progress, 
the last impi-Qvement naturally following the 

In dwelling upon the continued progress 
of Chicago down to the present time, from its 
early history, its ups and downs, yet with its 
ever advancement, and recovery from occa- 
sional collapses of fortune of many, would fill 
volumes. The incidents of lots sold for a mere 
trifle, that have since become of the value 
of thousands of dollars, would, if narrated, 
seem but romantic tales, some of the stories 
partaking of the marvellous. It is not, how- 
ever, our province to enter into such minutige, 
that must be left for the historian ; it is suffi- 
cient for us to give this hasty glance at our 
city's antecedents, somewhat indeed briefly, 
yet sufficiently to show its onward progress 
until now, at length it stands out a city of 
great magnificence. 

Its foundation is the mercantile prosperity of 
its people. Chicago stands forth as the Queen 
Garden City of the West. Some of her pa- 
latial residences are princely, if not of great 
magnitude, and if the enterprise for improve- 
ment dawns upon her citizens, to adorn the 
j suburbs with parks, artificial mounds, or emi- 
nences, with ornamental waters, and drives of 
well McAdamized roads, with the advantage 
of such ;i noble sheet of water as Lake Michi- 
| gan to behold from the summit of these emi- 
| nences, then may we hope to retain such of 
! our citizens who have become rich, and who, 
having originally come from some eastern 
' State, sigh to return thence, remembering the 
diversity of its scenery, and the beauty of its 
hills and dales, which the present surround- 

ings of Chicago contrast so unfavorably with, 
that they are induced to return to the earlv 
romantic rides of childhood, rather than re- 
main in a city where there is so little to at- 
tract the eye as its surrounding landscape 
presents. This feeling may, however, be re- 
moved, and if the suggestions of our fellow 
citizen, and early settler here, Hon. Wm. B. 
Ogden, (who has done so much for Chicago, 
and who would be willing to co-operate in such 
an enterprise,) were acted upon, we should 
soon see springing up rides and drives over 
hard roads, alongside of groves of trees, 
and occasionally up-rising ground, giving 
a view of the lake and the country, to be 
dotted here and there with mansions partly 
concealed with shrubbery, and other of those 
beautiful surroundings of flower gardens and 
grass lawns, and extended through a park 
into the open country, found adjacent to 
each of the three great divisions of our noble 
city. Here also will be the highway lake 
terminus of the Pacific Railroad, which shall 
bring the silks and te.s of China and Japan 
by the overland Pacific route, to be shipped, 
either down the St. Lawrence to Europe, or 
by the Ship Canal to New Orleans and the 
South American States of this vast continent. 
Such is to be the future of Chicago. Mean- 
while, it is our duty to record her progress so 
far. We will, therefore, in these pages, give 
tables and statistics of the present growth of 
her trade and material wealth. 

It is now well known that in the great sta- 
ples of .corn, lumber and pork packing, Chi- 
cago has grown to be the largest market in 
the world ; the port where grain is gathered 
and stored for shipment, and where the vast 
business is handled by eighteen grain ele- 
vators, having each immense capacity for 
storage, and where it is deposited by country 
merchants, for use, or transportation east 
when required. 

This enormous business is transported 
partly, in the winter season, by our eastern 
lines" of railway, and during the opening of 
navigation, by upwards of 1,250 American 
vessels, consisting of steamers, propellers, tugs, 
barks, brisrs and schooners, and having a ca- 
pacity of tonnage of 361,997 tous ; also, 357 
Canadian vessels, having a tonnage of 88,896 
tons. There is also a large fleet of river 
boats, constantly bringing in grain of all 
kinds, by the Illinois & Michigan Canal ; be- 
sides the immense quantity brought in by rail, 
on all the lines of our western railroads. 

As a manufacturing city, Chicago is fast 
attaining very great importance. Already 
we have two iron rolling mills for making bars 
and rails ; also, seven agricultural implements 
manufactories, 29 breweries, 16 distilleries, 
52 packing houses for beef and pork, 15 iron 
foundries, 31 machine shops, 16 tanneries, 26 
carriage builders, 43 wagon makers, and ere 
long we hope to see a smelting furnace for the 
Lake Superior copper ore, a business that at 
present has been neglected ; also, a spinning 

W. W. KIMBALL,, Piano Fortes, TOelodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111* 





and weaving mill, with cotton mills, for which 
there is ample opportunity ; and capitalists 
will do well to establish these works here, to 
supply the Empire of the West, rather than 
send our orders to eastern manufacturers. 

There is ample space for all these great 
works, which would doubtless pay well and be 
liberally supported. For the accommodation 
of our transient visitors, there are 94 hotels, 
some of which are equal to any on this conti- 
nent ; the three or four principal ones are the 
Sherman, Tremont, Briggs and Garden City. 
The Metropolitan, Matteson, Adams, Rich- 
mond, City and Massasoit are also excellent 
hotels, although not so large as the others. 

Improvement is now the order of the day in 
Chicago. She has arrived at that stage in her 
existence where every class of her citizens are 
making giant strides in prosperity. Buildings 
are rising in all parts of the city, for business 
or dwellings. Two grand projects are now in 
hand, the one to erect an immense business 
block on the site of the old First Presbyterian 
Church, lately a billiard hall, corner of Clark 
and Washington streets, at a cost of nearly 
$200,000; the other is that of an immense 
business block on the site of the First Baptist 
Church, (which is to be taken down,) corner 
of Washington and LaSalle streets, for the 
Board of Trade and the Chamber of Com- 
merce. These improvements, occupying cor- 
ners abutting on the Court House square, will 
be, when completed, grand signs of the rapid 
progress of this city to greatness, and even 
magnificence. The Court House of our city is 
large, roomy, and by no means a mean struc- 
ture, enlarged and improved as it has been 
within the last five or six years. The time 
will come, however, when it will have to give 
place to a still more imposing structure, to 
keep pace with the wants of the city, and the 
architectural beauty which will soon adorn its 
streets, and the suburban residences of its 
princely merchants. 

The growth of the city has also rendered 
needful the erection of numerous places of 
Divine worship, numbering in all about 95, 
besides convents and asylums. Amusements 
have not been forgotten ; there is a large 
Theatre, a Museum, with Theatre, a German 
Theatre, an Ethiopian Opera House, called 
the Academy of Music, besides lesser theatri- 
cal entertainments, and frequent visits of 
opera troupes and minstrels, who make Chi- 
cago their headquarters for a time, returning 

Here also are located many important and 
valuable societies and institutions, for the in- 
tellectual and social gatherings of our citizens. 
Masonic Lodges are numerous, and also those 
of other moral and benevolent organizations, 
their names and location being recorded else- 

ever, one of the most important and interest- 
ing in our midst. Established so recently as 
1856, it has already gathered into its rooms 

many most valuable relics of the past history 
of the State of Illinois, as of the city, and, in- 
deed, of the Western State?. Under the able 
management 'of its officers and committees, 
carried more directly into operation by its in- 
telligent and polite Secretary, the Rev. Wil- 
liam Barry, it has risen into great importance 
and usefulness as a depository of tlrt$ many cu- 
rious and ancient utensils and weapons of the 
Indians, which, together with an extensive 
library of old and rare books and newspapers, 
published in this and other States, many of 
which are presented by public bodies or pri- 
vate citizens, this Society will be one eventu- 
ally of which Chicago may be proud. It is 
in contemplation to provide a suitable perma- 
nent building for the use of this Society, so 
^oon as favorable arrangements can be 

The ACADEMY OF SCIENCES is another of ou r 
more recent institutions, organized in 1857 
and incorporated in 1859. In its rooms are a 
large number of specimens illustrative of the 
national history of the North-west. Under 
the auspices of this Society, and by the liberal 
aid of many citizens, the Hon. J. Young 
Scammon among the most liberal of the con- 
tributors, and in connection with the CHICAGO 
UNIVERSITY, an observatory is being erected, 
having previously secured one of the largest 
and most valuable telescopes for taking ob- 
servations. The to'ver will be erected at 
.great cost, and of massive strength, suitable 
for so heavy and important an undertaking. 

The advent of these scientific societies here, 
when in full and perfect operation, will be an 
additional means of holding together and com- 
bining our educated men, so that they will the 
more readily remain with us as permanent 
residents. These, and kindred institutions 
growing up in and around the city, are so 
many elements of combination in -retaining 
amongst us those who may add dignity and 
honor to our city. The establishment, there- 
fore, of the Garret Biblical Institute, at Evans- 
ton, and the University at Lake Forest, with 
those of Chicago, are all elements of intel- 
lectual and moral strength, and productive of 
great good to our people. 

A Literary Society is also in full operation, 
called the Young Men's Association, having 
an extensive library, and under whose aus- 
pices, during the winter, a course of lectures 
is provided, which are gatherings of considera- 
ble interest to the better classes of our citizens, 
at that period of the year. A Young Men's 
Christian Association is also in full operation, 
together with, since the commencement of 
the rebellion, a Sanitary Commission, Soldiers' 
Home, and, indeed, many other benevolent in- 

The material wealth and prosperity of Chi 
cago may now be said to be fully established. 
The last eight years have seen immense im- 
provements and enlargements in every part of 
the city. One of the chief was the raising 
the grades of the streets over six feet, in many 

& WILSON'S Sewing: Machines, 1O6 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Geo. ll. Chlttenden, General A gent ibr ill., Wis,, Iowa, Uliun. fc IV. Indiana. 





places, even more, giving a fall of water drain- 
age to the lake, which previously was standing 
in the streets after heavy rains. This was 
done at immense cost, and involved subse- 
quently the raising of whole blocks of stone 
and brick buildings to grade, by elevating the 
foundations or basements, or lifting the build- 
ings with thousands of powerful screws, and 
effecting a change so marvellous as to be a 
wonder to its residents, as also to its visitors 
from abroad. 

The latest improvement now in progress is 
the sinking of a shaft of immense diameter, 
and then running a tunnel under the bed of 
the lake a distance of two miles, then up to 
the water, so as to obtain a supply of purer 
water for the use of the inhabitants 6f this 
vast and growing city. 

The following statement of the healthy loca- 
tion of Chicago, we have obtained from an- 
other writer, and insert it, as highly satisfac- 
tory to the thoughtful resident. 


" The city of Chicago is now one of the most 
healthy cities in the world, notwithstanding 
the many disadvantages under which her 
citizens labor in consequence of the low 
situation. Of course civilization has its dis- 
advantages as well as its advantages, and we 
have here sources of much discomfort and 
disease, if not positive death. Yet, notwith- 
standing all our drawbacks, we can congratu- 
late ourselves upon presenting a bill of healih 
which is complimentary to our sanitary ar- 
rangements, and to that innate energy which 
is so important an element in prolonged vita- 
Jlity. Even with our cholera ravages, the 
added average of the past seventeen years pre- 
sent but the figures 50.70, a rate at which a 
generation would die out in about thirty-three 
and a half ye > rs, whereas the average is cal- 
culated at thirty-three; but if we take. the 
figures of the last five years as an index, we 
shall have 18,33 as the annual ratio, or a cycle 
of fifty-two and a half years. We have not at 
hand the statistics of other cities of the Union 
in so concise a shape as to admit of compari- 
son, but it is doubtful whether any one can 
show a more favorable register. 

The following table contains a statement of 
the population, for a series of years, and com- 
parison of deaths ; the last column shows the 
annual per centage, the three figures of which 
are the rate per 10,000, or the left hand figure 
is the next lowest integral per centage. The 
table of population is given from 1840, being 
the first year in which the census of Chicago 
was taken. Those numbers marked with a * 
are only approximate, the others are the 
figures as obtained by actual count : 


Year. Population. Deaths. Ratio. 

1840 4,479 

1841 *5,600 .... 

1842 *6,500 

1843 7,580 

1844 *8,000 .... 

1845 12,088 

1846 14,069 

1847 16,859 520 3.08 

1848 20,023 560 2.83 

1849 23,047 1,518 6.59 

1850 28,269 1,335 4.72 

1851 *34,000 844 2.47 

1852 38,734 1,648 4.25 

1853 60,662 1,203 1.98 

1854 65,872 3,830 5.80 

1855 80,023 1,983 2.47 

1856 *86,000 1,893 2.20 

1857 *93,000 2,167 2.32 

1858 *80,000 2,049 2.56 

1859 *90,000 1,826 2.02 

1860. 109,263 -2,056 .88 

1861 *120,000 2,069 1.70 

1862 137,030 2,575 1.90 

1863 *180,000 3,522 1.96 

The last is an overstatement we think of 
the Tribune of some 20,000. 


The site upon which Chicago stands is low> 
being elevated but a few feet above the level 
of the Lake, possessing very little natural 
drainage, and presenting therefore all the 
features which conduce to marsh diseases. 
And the early residents felt the full force of 
the influence ; the soil was continually damp, 
and in winter and spring the country for many 
miles oround was little better than the Calu- 
met of to-day. Even now we well know how 
the water will stand, or rather lie, for months 
together, some distance from drains. But the 
energy of the settlers soon remedied the evil. 
For many years Chicago was looked upon as a 
city which presented unequalled facilities for 
making money, but a permanent residence in 
which was equivalent to a shortening of five 
years on the term of existence, and the en- 
tailing of miasmatic diseases in a cachectic 
form upon future generations. And the early 
settlers did suffer, but it was more from the 
change than from radical urifitness of the 
climate to the human constitution. A short 
residence here was sufficient to produce per- 
fect acclimatization, and to-day we have as 
hearty and healthy a people as any city in 
the world can boast. It is peculiarly signifi- 
cant that even the cholera contagious though 
it be passed by the permanent residents al- 
most as faithfully as the destroying angel left 
untouched the houses of the Israelites, upon 
whose door posts the blood of the lamb had 
been sprinkled. The emigrants were those 
who suffered ; people who had just come into 
the city intending to make it their future home. 
These died by the score. Now the city has 
been raised to grade, is well drained in almost 
every part, and offera sanitary as well as com- 
mercial inducements to the emigrant, surpas- 
sed by none. Indeed, this is already known. 
The old time prejudice against a residence in 
Chicago has died away; the difficulty is now, 
not to find tenants, but tenements, and al- 
though in our sidewalks and streets there is 

W. W. KOIBALiL,, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Iarlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 





still much room for improvement, we may 
congratulate ourselves at least upon having :i 
location which is worthy of such improve- 

In bringing this brief sketch to a close, it 
would ill become us if we failed to notice the 
magnificent expanse of waters, on which this 
city is so admirably located. Lake Michigan, 
an Indian word meaning great water, is one of 
the five great lakes of North America, con- 
nected with the St. Lawrence River. It is 
the largest Lake that is wholly included within 
the United States. Its length following the 
curves, is about 350 miles ; its greatest breadth 
is about 90 miles. The surface of the lake 
is about 600 feet above the level of the sea ; 
the depth is stated to be from 900 to 1,000 
feet. The shore of the lake is generally low, 
being formed of limestone, rock, clay or sand. 
The area of the lake is estimated at 20,000 
square miles. Its waters are increased by 
the rains and snows of the western mountains 
into which they drain. The lake waters of 
Michigan pass into Lake Huron, and so gra- 
dually decend into the St. Lawrence to the 

Upon this Lake is carried the commerce of 
the west to a large extent, by the shipping of 
this and eastern ports, and to the salubrious 
breezes from the lake may be attributed, the 
health of our people and comparative mildness 
of our winters. The magnitude of this com- 
merce, will be seen, by the statistical tables 
we subjoin. These have been made up to 
the end of the year 1863, and will give 
some idea of the wonderful progress in all 
branches of industry to which the skill and 
energy of our merchants have already brought 
up the commerce of our city. 


For the year 1863. 

[The following sketch is taken from the 
Annual Review of the Chicago Tribune. It 
is condensed into grand totals, sufficient for 
the purpose of a Gazetteer, and an exhibition 
of the great trade of this city.] 


The following are the receipts of flour, and 
also all kinds of grain for the year, making 
this the largest grain market in the world. 
Flour, 1,536,691 bus. Wheat, 11,180,344 bus. 
Corn, 26,450,508 bus. Oats 9,136,525 bus. 
Rye, 839,760 bus. Barley, 1,098,346 bus. 

In addition to the above statistics of flour, 
received into this city, there is a large amount 
manufactured here. There are nine milling 
establishments, where are annually made 250,- 
000 barrels of flour, consuming about 1,250,- 
000 bushels of wheat. 


Pork and beef packing for the season of 
1863-4 ending March 5, 1864. Chicago is the 
greatest beef and pork packing point in the 

The following stati?tics are suppled by 
Henry Milward, Esq., provision broker. The 

number of hogs packed in this city being 904,- 
759, and the number of beeves 70,086. 


Season. Chicago. Cincinnati. 

1852-53 48,156 331,000 

1853-54 52,849 421,000 

1854-55 73,694 355,786 

1855-56 80,380 405,396 

1856-57 74,000 344,512 

1857-58 99,262 416,677 

1858-59 185,000 382,826 

1859-60 167,918 431.199 

1860-61 231,335 433,799 

1861-62 514,118 474,157 

1862-63 970,264 608,457 

1863-64 .904,658 357,640 

From the above table it will be seen that 
for three years past Chicago has distanced 
Cincinnati this last season the latter city 
being behind upwards of half a million. Our 
own falling off arose from the shortness of 
supply during a severe storm of one or two 

The receipt of live and dressed hogs during 
the season has been: live hogs, 1,003,193; 
dressed, 309,459. 

There are now 58 packing houses in opera- 
tion in this city, many on a small scale, but 
there are more large packing houses in Chi- 
cago than in any other city, and some of them 
perfect models combining all the impiove- 
ments, which art or science could accomplish. 
Pork packing is however only one branch of 
the business. During the past season thirteen 
houses have been engaged in packing beef, -.^ 
and have cut 70,086 beeves, being the greatest 
number ever packed before in any city in the 


This is also another of the large mercantile 
interests of Chicago, it being considered the 
largest lumber market in the world. 

The receipts of lumber during the year 
1863 amounted to the amazing quantity of 
392,800,000 feet, showing a large increase 
over the previous year. 


The following is an estimate of the business 
done in the city during the year just closed : 

Ale and beer, gals 4,600,000 

Lager beer, " ..1,100,000 

Porter, " 45,000 

Cattle slaughtered 95,000 

Hogs " 1,100,000 

Sheep and lambs do 24,000 

Cigars manufactured 5,000,000 

Coffee ground, Ibs 1,000,000 

Confectionery, Ibs 1,700,000 

Distilled Spirits, gals 2,450,000 

Gas, cubic feet 47,000,000 

Iron tons, (casings) 14 000 

Leather, Ibs 1,200,000 

Oil, gals. 500,000 

\VJIT<:F:i,EK & WILSON'S Scurinsr Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 
Geo. 11. Chitteuden, General Agent lor 111., Vi is., Iowa. JUiim. V .V Indiana. 





Pepper, ground, Ibs .............. 50,000 

Silver Plate, ounces ............. 45,000 

Soap manufactured, Ibs ........... 2,000,000 

Tobacco, Ibs ................... 1,000.000 

Flour, brls ..................... 1,536,691 

Wheat, bush .................... 11,1 80,344 

Corn, " ................... 26,450,508 

Oats, " ................... 9,139,525 

Rye, " ................... 839,760 

Barley, " ................... 1,098,346 

Cattle, beeves ................... 70,086 

Lumber, feet .................. 392,800,000 

Is as follows : City Mayor, Clerk and a 
Board of Alderman, consisting of two mem- 
bers from each of the sixteen wards. 

The Committees of the *3oard of Alderman 
consisting each of three members are on 
Finance, Railroads, Harbors and Bridges, Fire 
and Water, Police, Schools, Judiciary, Print- 
ing, Wharves and Public Grounds, Licenses, 
Streets and Alleys, (each of the Divisions, 
South, North and West,) Markets, Wharfing 
Privileges, Gas Lights, Public Buildings, Lo- 
cal Assessments, County Relations, and the 

The Executive Department Consists of a 
Comptroller, office No. 1 Court House ; Book- 
keeper, Treasurer, offiee No. 2 Court House ; 
Counsel to the Corporation, City Attorney, 
Two Police Justices, Clerk to the Police 
Court, Collector, Superintendent of the Pub- 
lic School?, School Agent, Guager and Inspec- 
tor of Liquors, Inspector of Fish, Sealer of 
Weights and Measures, and the Bridewell 

Assessors Three, one for each Division. 

Board of Health Three members ; also, a 
Health officer and assistant. 

City Constables Sixteen 
from each ward. 

in number, one 

Board of Public Works Three Commis- 
sioners, and the Mayor ex-officio member. 


Chief Engineer U. P. Harris, office at 
" Long John" Engine House, La Salle street, 
between Washington and Madison. 

First Assimnt Moses W. Powell. 

Second Assistant John Schanck. 
Number of Men, (paid,) ................ 106 

" " (voluteers,) ............ 100 

" Horses, .................... 41 

This Department is furnished with as elegant 
and efficient steamers, engines and equipments 
as can be found in the United States, costing 
as follows, viz: 

No. Cost. 

Steamers, ............... 9 $33,500 00 

Hose Carts and tenders,. .14 5,175 00 

Hose, ....... . .......... 21,337 85 

Hand Engines .......... 2 3,450 00 

Hook and Ladder Carts,. . 1 1,365 30 

Alarm Bells, ............. 5,008 30 

Total cost, ................... $69,836 45 

The city is divided into 


The alarm of fire is given by rapidly strik- 
ing the number of the district, and after a 
brief pause giving eight strokes of the bell. 
Thus, if the fire is in tho fourth district, the 
bell will strike four, and immediately after, 


The Board of Commissioners Consists of 
three members, and the Mayor fx-ojficio mem- 

Superintendent of Police Office Central Sta- 
tion, south-west cor. L;i Salle and Washing- 
ton streets. 

'Police Court Is held daily in First Precinct 
Police Station, cor. Adams and Franklin sts. 

The Police force consists of three Captains. 
three First Sergeants, three Second Sergeants, 
one Acting Sergeant, and seventy-four Patrol- 


The corporate limits nnd jurisdiction of the 
City embrace and include all of townships 
thirty-nine north, range fourteen east of the 
third principal meridian, and all of sections 
thirty-one, thirty-two, thirty three, and the 
fractional section thirty-four in township forty 
north, range fourteen east of the third prin- 
cipal meridian ; together with so much of the 
waters and bed of Lake Michigan as lies with- 
in one mile of the shore thereof and east of 
the territory aforesaid. 

North Division All that portion of the ter- 
ritory aforesaid lying north of the centre of 
the main Chicago River and east of the centre 
of the North Branch of said river. 

W, W. KOIBALL, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organ*, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 



JOHN c. 



South Divinifn All that portion of the 
aforesaid territory lying south of the main 
Chicago River and south and east of the cen- 
tre of the South Branch of said River, and of 
the Illinois ;iml Michigan Canal. 

West Division All that portion of the 
aforesaid tenitory lying west of the centre of 
the North and South Branches of said river, 
and of the Illinois aud Michigan Canal. 

The City is bounded on the east by Lake 
Michigan, north by Fullerton Avenue, south 
by Egan Avenue, and west by Western Ave- 


flrxt Ward AM that part of the South Di- 
vision which lies south of the centre of the 
main Chicago River and north of the centre 
of Monroe street. 

gecond Ward All that part of the South 
Division which lies south of the centre of 
Monroe street, north of the centre of Harri- 
son street. 

Third Ward All that part of the South 
Division which lies south of the centre of 
Harrison street and north of the centre of 
North street. 

Fourth Ward All that part of the South 
Division which lies south of the centre of 
North street, and east of the centre of Clark 
street, and a line corresponding with the cen- 
tre of the last named street, projected souther- 
ly to the City limits. 

Fifth Ward All that part of the South Di- 
vision which lies south of the centre of North 
street, and west of the centre of Clark street, 
and a line corresponding to the centre of the 
last named street, projected southerly to the 
City limits 

Sixth Ward All that part of the West Di- 
vision which lies south of the centre of Van 
Buren street, and east of the centre of Jeffer- 
son street, continued to the South Branch of 
the Chicago River. 

Seventh Ward All that part of the West 
Division which lies south of the centre of Van 
Buren street, west of the centre of Jefferson 
street, continued to the South Branch of the 
Chicago River, and east of the centre of Mor- 
gan street continued to the South Branch of 
the Chicago River. 

Eighth Ward All that part of the West 
Division which lies south of the centre of Har- 
rison street, and west of the centre of Morgan 
street, continued to the South Branch of the 
Chicago River. 

^ Ninth Ward All that part of the West Di- 
vision which lies south of the centre of Fourth 
street, west of the centre of Curtis street and 
Aberdeen street, and north of the centre of 
Harrison street, including also the territory 
lying south of the centre of Van Buren street, 
west of the centre of Morgan street, and north 
of the centre of Harrison street. 

Tenth Ward All that part of the West Di- 
vision which lies south of the centre of Ran- 
dolph street, east of the centre of Curtis 
street and Aberdeen street, aud north of the 
centre of Van Buren street. 

Eleventh Ward All that part of the West 
Division which lies south of the centre of 
Fourth street, east of the centre of Curtis 
street, and north of the centre of Randolph 

Twelfth Ward All that part of the West 
Division which lies north of the centre of 
Fourth street continued to the North Branch 
of the Chicago River. 

Thirteenth Ward All that part of the 
North Division which lies north of the centre 
of North Avenue. 

Fourteenth Ward All that part of the 
North Division whicli lies south of the centre 
of North Avenue, and north of the centre of 

Fifteenth Ward All that part of the North 
Division which lies south of the centre of Di- 
vision street, and north of the centre of Hu- 
ron street contined to Lake Michigan and to 
the North Branch of the Chicago River. 

Sixteenth Ward All that part of the North 
Division which lies south of the centre of Hu- 
ron street continued to Lake Michigan and to 
the North Branch of the Chicago River, and 
north of the centre of the main Chicago River. 


Hack stand on La Salle and Washington 
street?, Court House Square. 

For conveying a passenger, not exceeding 
one mile, fifty cents. 

For every additional passenger of the same 
family or party, twenty-five cents. 

For conveying a passenger any distance 
over a mile, and less than two miles, one dol- 

For each additional passenger of the same 
family or party, twenty-five cents. 

For conveying a passenger any distance in 
said city, exceeding two miles, one dollar and 
fifty cents. 

For each additional passenger of the same 
family or party, when the distance is over two 
miles, fifty cents. 

For conveying children between five and 
fourteen years of age half of the above prices 
may be charged for like distances ; but for 
children under five years of age no charge 
shall be made : Provided, That the distance 
from any railroad depot, steamboat landing or 
hotel, to any other railroad depot, steamboat 
landing or hotel, shall in all cases be estima- 
ted as not exceeding one mile. 

For tho use, by the day, of any hackney 
coach or other vehicle drawn by two horses 
or other animals, with one or more passengers 
six dolla s. 

For th use of any such carriage or vehicle 
.Q y the hour, with one or more passengers, 

WHEELER A; WILSONS Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Geo. R, Chittendeit, General Agent for 111,, AVis., Iow r a, Jliuu, te N, Indiana. 





with the privilege of ging from place to 
place, and stopping often as may be required, 
as follows- 

For the first hour, one dollar and fifty cents. 

For the second hour, seventy five cents. 

For each succeeding hour, fifty cents. 

For the use of any cab or vehicle drawn by 
one horse, or other animal, by the honr, with 
the privilege of going from place to place, 
with one or more passengers, and stopping 
when required : 

For the first hour, one dollar. 

For the second hour, fifty cents. 

For each succeeding hour, thirty cents. 

For the use of such carriage by the day, 
four dollars. 

Every passenger shall be allowed to have 
conveyed upon such vehicle, without charge, 
his ordinary traveling baggage, not exceeding 
in any case, one trunk and twenty-five pounds 
of other baggage. For every additional pack- 
age, where the whole weight or baggage is 
over one hundred pounds, if conveyed to any 
place within the city limits, the owner or dri- 
ver shall bo permitted to charge fifteen cents. 


West-side Dearborn, bet. Madison and Mon- 
roe streets. 

Open April 1st to November 1st, from 7 
A. M. to 8 P. M.; November 1st to April 1st, 
from 8 A. M. to 8 P M. On Sundays, from 
8:30 A. M. to 10:15 A. M. 


Nursery and Half Orphan Asylnm. Mrs. 
Harcourt, Matron ; Mrs. 0. E. Hosmer, Presi- 
dent-, 297 Michigan, cor. Pine street. This 
asylum is supported by voluntary contribu- 
tions, which are always thankfully received. 

Home for the Friendless. 1003 Wabash av- 
enue, nr 18th street. L. B. Wright, Supt.; 
Mrs. L. B. Wright, Matron. Organized Au- 
gust 19th, 1858. Have already received and 
disposed of over 1,200, mostly children. Av- 
erage family, 100. Is supported entirely by 
voluntary contributions. Discipline, parental. 

Magdalen Asylum. Conducted by the Sis- 
ters of the Good Shepherd. North Market, 
n w cor. Elm street. 

Old Ladies' Home. Mrs. Waldo, Matron. 
157 Fourth avenue. 

Protestant Orphan Asylum. Michigan ave- 
nue, corner of Ringold place. Mrs. Dorwin. 

> St. Joseph's Orphan Asylum. 267 Wabash 
avenue.Vmder the direction of the Sisters of 

The Erring Woman's Refuge. 216 Third 
avenue. A home to reclaim and provide for 
the young and erring wanderer. Supported 
by individual effort. A liberal donation of 
land liar, been made for a home at Rose Hill, 
where they hope to build as soon as means 
can be procured. Mrs. Telford, Matron. 

The Washingtonian Home. No. 547 State 
street. Established for the "purpose of pro- 
vining a retreat for inebriates and the means 
of reforming them." Supt. S. N. Towner. 


[See Banks and Bankers in Chicago Business 

Directory. ) 


Board of Trade Rooms. North side of South 
Water street, near Weils St., to be removed 
to cor. of Washington and LaSalle streets 
when new building is erected. John L. Han- 
cock, President', Thomas Parker, 1st V. Pres.; 
C J. Gilbert, 2d V. Pres. Directors, Samuel 
Howe, J. C. Dore, E. G. Wolcott, Murry Nel- 
son, S. P. Carter, whose term expires April, 
1865; William Nason, Albert Morse, J. S. 
Harvey, W. N. Brainard, C. M. Culbertson, 
whose term expires April, 1866. John F. 
Beaty, Secy. George F. Rumsey, Treas. C. 
Y.Richmond, T. J. Bronsor,, E/V. Robbing, 
U. H. Crosby, T. M. Hibbard, Com. of Arbi- 
tration, for first six months; E. K. Bruce, B. 
P. Hutchinson, T. H. Seymour, W. N. Wood' 
ruff, J. W. Preston, Com. of Arbitration, fo r 
second six months. I. Y. Munn, J. W. Finlev, 
S. Cleary, C. J. Davis, J. L. Hancock, S- T. 
Atwater, G. M. How, S. Cervanius, Com. of 


Ashne Mayrev, one mile north of city limits, 
on Green Bay road. M. M. Gerstley, Pres. 

Calvary, ten miles north of the city, on C. 
& M. R. R. Office Madison street, cor. Dear- 
born. John Murphy, Agent. 

Catholic, on Wolcott street, bet. Church St. 
and North av. Office, Madison street, cor. 
Dearborn place. John Murphy, Agent. 

Cemetery of the Congregation of 'tlw Sons of 
Peace, one and a half miles north of City Cem- 
etery, nr. the Lake. Jonah Moore, Pres. 

Cemetery of the Hebrew Benevolent Society, 
adjoining the Cemetery of the Congregation 
of the Sons of Peace. B. Schoneman, Pres. 

Chebra Kadisha UbiJcar Cholm, two miles 
north of city limits, on Green Bay road. Jo- 
seph Plotke, Pres. 

City Cemetery, Green Bay road, between 
Asylum place and North av. S. S. Hayes, 
Court House, Sexton. 

Graceland, two miles north of City, on 
Green Bay road. Office, No. 1 Bryan Hall. 

Rose Hill, Green Bay road, six and one- 
half miles from Clark street bridge, on C. & 
M. R. R. Office, 10 Methodist Church block. 



R. M. Hough, President, V. A. Turpin, V. 
Pres., John V. Farwell, Treas., John F. Beaty, 
Secy., John L. Hancock, D. Thompson, T. J. 
Bronson, J. M. Richards, P. L. Underwood, 
Hugh McLennan, H. Mil ward, George F. Rum- 
sey^ Lyraan Blair, Samuel M. Nickerson, J. K. 
Pollard, Directors. 

W. W. KOIBALL, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and ttetail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 





(See Societies.) 


Northwestern Sanitary Qommfafo*. 66 Mad- 
ison street. E. B. MoCacg, Pres., H. F. See- 
lye, jRcc. Sec., Cyrus Bentley, Cor. Sec. 

Soldiers' ffme. Luke avenue, cor. Douglas 
place, opp. Douglas monument. Thomas B. 
Bryan, Pres., Mrs. 0. E. Hosmer, Mrs. E. 
Wadsworth, V. Prestx., Mrs. C. H. Cushing, 
Treas., D. E. Walker, Supt. This is estab- 
lished as a permanent " Home for the sick 
and disabled Union Soldiers," of any of the 
States. , It is supported entirely through the 
liberality of the practically loyal. 

Tfie Northire.ttern Freedmerfs Aid Commis- 
sion^ Rooms, 86 Washington street. Hon. 
J. M. Wilson, P/-es.,Rev. R. W. Patterson, D. 
D., V. Pres., Rev. J. R. Shippard, Cor. Sec., 
Rev. A. E. Pierce, Rec. Sec., J. V. Farwell, 
Treat. Rev. J. Haven, D. D., Chicago, Rev. 
W. C. Jackson, Chicago, Rev. Willis Lord, D. 
D., Chicago, Col. R. B. Mason, Chicago, Isaac 
T. Gibson, Salem, Lowa, Rev. N. D. William- 
son, Chicago, Rev. C. H. Fowler, Chicago, 
Rev. T. M. Eddy, D. D., Chicago, Rev. Geo. 
Duffield, D. D., "Detroit, Mich., J. C. Haines, 
Esq.; Chicago, Rev. C. D. Helmer, Milwaukee, 
Wis., Hon. Alexander Ramsey, St. Paul, Min., 
Hon. E. E. B. Fairfield, L. L. D., Hillsdale, 
Mich., Rev. J. C. Burroughs, D. D., Chicago, 
Rev. N. Colver, D. D., Chicago, Rev. H. N. 
Bishop, D. D., Chicago, J. H. Muhlke, Esq., 
Chicago, Directors. 


Bcrean. Desplaines, corner Dekoven. Rev. 
A. Kenyon, pastor. 

First. Wabah avenue, bet. Hubbard and 
Peck court. Rev. W. W. Evarts, D. D., 
pastor ; residence 608 Wabash avenue. 

Indiana Avenue. Indiana av., cor. Yates' 
pi. Rev. James Smith, D. D., pastor; resi- 
dence Ridgley pi., bet. Douglas and Prairie 

North. Corner of Dearborn and Ohio sis. 
Rev A. A. Kendrick, pastor. 

Tabernacle. Desplaines, bet. Washington 
and Madison sts. llev. Daniel Colver, D. D., 
pastor; residence 18 N. Carpenter st. 

Union Park. W. Lake, cor. Sheldon st. 
Rev. James Dixon, D. D., pastor. 

Wabash Avenue. Wabash av., cor. of 18th 
st. Rev. E. G. Taylor, pastor; residence next 
to church. 

Olivet, (col'd.) Fourth av., cor. Taylor st. 
Rev. R. DeBaptist, pastor. 

German. William, bet. Loomis and Throop 


^ Bethel. N. Wells, cor. Michigan st. Ser- 
vices also held on vessels and in the Marine 

Hospital, during the summer. Rev. Joseph 
H. Leonard, chaplain; residence 267 Illinois 


First. W. Monroe, bet. Aberdeen and 
Rucker sts. Rev. W. F. Blacke, pastor. 


First Congregational. S. Green, cor. W- 
Washington st. Rev. William W. Patton, D. 
D., pastor. 

Neio England. Indiana, cor. Wolcott St. 
Rev. Starr H. Nichols, pastor. 

Plymouth. Third av., cor. Van Buren st. 
Pastorship vacant. 

Salem, Oakland. Rev. S. S. Smith, pastor. 

South Congregational. Rio Grande st., cor. 
Calumet av. Rev W. B. Wright, paxtor. 

Union Park. R\icker, cor. W. Washington 
st. Professors of Chicago Theological Semi- 
nary, pastors. 


The Bishop's Church. Cor. W. Washington 
and Peoria sts. Rt. Rev. Henry J. White- 
house, D. D.; residence 48 S. May st. Rev. 
John Wilkinson, chaplain; residence 22 S. 
Rucker st. 

St. James\ Cor. Cass and Huron sts. Rev. 
R. H. Clarkson, D. D., rector; residence next 
door east of church. 

Trinity. Jackson St., bet. Michigan and 
Wabash avs. Rev. Geo. Cummins, D. D. 
rector; residence 46 Wabash av. 

Grace. Corner Peck ct. and Wabash av. 
Rev. Clinton Locke, rector; residence rear of 

Church of the Holy Communion. Corner 
Wabash av. and Randolph st. Rev. E. W. 
Hager, rector; residence 334 W. Madison st.; 
P. 0. Box, 3388. 

St. John's. Cor. Lake st. and Union Park. 
Rev. H. N. Bishop, D. D., rector; residence a. 
s. Fulton, first h. e. of Reuben. 

Christ. Twenty-fourth st., near . Cottage 
Grove av. Rev. C. E. Cheney, rector; resi- 
dence Michigan av., cor. 24th. 

Church of the Ascension. Oak, bet. Clark 
and LaSalle sts. S. Russell Jones, rector; 
residence 208 E. Pearson. 

St. Ansgarius. Protestant Episcopal Free 
Church, cor. Indiana and Franklin sts. Rev. 
Edmund B. Tuttle, rector; residence 96 N. 

Swedish Episcopal. Gw. Indiana and Frank- 
lin sts. Rev. J. Bredberg, pastor; residence 
99 Ohio st. 

St. Paul's. Hyde Park. Rectorship vacant.' 

St. Stephen's. Cor. Desplaitu-s and Btekoven 
sts., (West Side.) Rev. L. X. Freeman, j)as- 


First. folk st., cor. Third av. 

Second. Chicago av., s. w. cor. of N. Wells 

Zlon. Wilson, cor. S. Clinton st. Rev. J. 
W. Keuchen, pasior. 

WHEELER & WILSON'S Sewing iTIacltltfts. 1O6 Lake Street. Chicago. Ill, 
Geo. K cliiuciidcii, General Agent for 111., Wis,, Iowa, Ittiuu. <Jt N. Indiana. 






Sinai Congregation. Monroe, bet. Clark 
and Wells sts. Rev. B. Felsenthal, minister. 

Kehlllatli Anshe Maarab, (Congregation oj 
the Men of the West.) North-east cor. Wells 
and Adams sts. L. Adler, minister. 

Kehillath E'nay Shalom, (Congregation o 
the Sons of Peace.) Cor. Harrison st. and 
4th av. Minister, vacant. 


First English Evangelical. Rev. George A. 
Bowers, paster; residence 196 Superior st. 

German Evangelical ImmamteVa Church. 
Twelfth st., bet. Blue Island av. and May st. 
Rev. J. A. F. W. Mueller, pastor. 

Norwegian Evangdwal Cor. of N. Franklin 
and Erie sts. Rev. C. J. Peterson, pastor. 

Norwegian Lutheran. W. Indiana st., cor. 
Curtis st. Rev. P. A. Ramussen, pastor. 

Driefaldigkeits Kirche. Indiana st., bet. N. 
Wells and Franklin sts. Rev. Henry Wunder, 

St. PauPs German. Ohio st. cor. of N. 
LaSalle st. Rev. Joseph Hartraan, pastor. 

Swedish Evang'lical. Superior st., bet. N. 
LaSalle and Wells. Rev. Erland Carlson, 

Vor Frwher Kirke. Third St., near West- 
ern av. Rev. A. C. Prues, pastor. 


Clark Street M. ^.Methodist Church 
Block, cor. Washington and Clark sts. Rev. 
C. H. Fowler, pastor; residence Indiana av. 
and 21st st. 

Grace M. E. corner LaSalle st. and Chi- 
cago av. Rev. J. C. Stoughton, pastor. 

Jefferson Street. Jefferson st., bet. Wash- 
ington and Madison sts. Rev. R. Bentley, 

West Indiana Street M. E. W. Indiana St., 
nr. Sangamon. Rev. W. D. Skelton, pastor. 

Park Avenue. Corner Park av. and Robey 
st. Rev. H. Whipple, pastor. 

Sedgwick Street M. E. Sedgwick St., bet. 
Blackhawk and North av. Rev. H. Whipple, 

Swedish M. ^.Illinois st., near North 
Market. Rev. A. J. Anderson, pastor. 

Wabash Avenue M. E. W abash av., cor. of 
Harrison st. Rev. R. Laird Collier, pastor. 

South Desplaines Street, M. #.241 and 243 
South Desplaines st, formerly knows as Harri- 
son Street Church. Rev. E. M. Brown, pastor. 

German Division M. E. Rev. F. Sehuller, 
presiding elder; residence 79 Aberdeen st. 

Clybourne Avenue German M. E. Cly- 
bourne av., bet. Division and Larabee sts. 
Rev. William Pfaeffle, paster. 

Harrison, Street German M. E. West Har- 
rison st., cor. Aberdeen. Rev. P. Hinners, 

Van Bur en Street German M. E. Van Bu- 
ren st., bet. Clark and Buffalo sts. Rev. J. 
Liens, pastor; residence east of church. 

Protestant Methodist. North Peoria st., cor. 

Quinn's Chapel, (African.) Jackson st 
cor. Buffalo. 

WeUh Calvin Methodist. Situated on N. 
Desplaiiu-s st., bet. Lake and Randolph. Rev. 
Moses Williams, pastor; residence 206 West 
Lake street. 


First Wabash Avenue, near Congress 
street. Rev. Z. M. Humphrey, pastor. 

Second. Wabash Avenue, corner of Wash- 
ington street. Rev. R. W. Patterson, D. D. 

Third. West Washington street corner of 
Carpenter. Rev. Arthur Swazey, pastor. 

Edward's. South Halsted street, north- 
west corner W. Harrison. Rev. Asahel L. 
Brooks, pastor. 

Westminster. Dearborn street, corner of 
Ontario. Rev. E. A. Pierce, pastor. 

Olivet. Wabash Avenue, near .Twelfth 
street. Rev. Alfred Eddy, pastor. 

Calvary. Indiana Ave'nue, south of 22nd 
street. Rev. J. H. Trowbridge, pastor. 


North. Indiana street, corner of Cass. 
Pastorship vacant. 

South. Situated on Third av., cor. of 
Jackson street. Rev. W. W. Harsha, pastor ; 
h. 1 64. Third Av. 

Reformed Scotch. Fulton street, between 
Clinton and Jefferson. Rev. Robert Patter- 
son, D. D., pastor. 

First United. Green street, between 
Madison and Monroe. Rev. William C. Jack- 
son, pastor. 

Fullerton Avenue Near North Clark City 
Railway. Rev. Willis Lord, D. D., pastor. 


First. (Hollanders}. Foster street, between 
Polk and Harrison. Rev. Henry G. Klyn, 

Second. We^t Monroe street, corner of 
Sangamon. Rev. N. D. Williamson, pastor. 


Rt. Rev. James Duggan, D. D., Bishop, con- 
secrated Bishop of Antigone and Coadjutor of 
the Archbishop of St. Louis, May 3, 1857 ; 
transferred to Chicago, January 21, 1859. 
Residence cor. Michigan av. and Madison 

Very Rev. Dennis Dunne, Vicar General, 
Rev. T. J. Butler, D. D., Secretary. Rev. 
John McMullin, Chancellor. 

Cathedral of the Holy Name. Wolcott, cor. 
Superior street. Rev. J. P. Roles, pastor ; pas- 
toral residence 146 Cass street. 

Church of the Holy Family. Under the 
direction of the Society of Jesus. W. 
Twelfth, corner S. May st. Jesuit Fathers, 
Very Rev. A. Daman, Rev. Fathers Corbitt, 
C. Smarius, Coveny and Watson. Residence 
djoining the church. 

St. Mary's Wabash av., southwest corner 
Madison st. Rev. T. J. Halligan, pastor ; Rev. 
tf ax Albrecht, asst. pastor ; pastoral residence, 
Bit-hop's palace. 

W. W, KITCBALL, Piano Forces, MCelodeons and Parlor Organs. Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 L,ake Street, Chicago, 111. 





St. Patrick's. South Desplaines, north-west 
corner \V. Adams st. Very Rev. Dennis 
Dunne, D. D. V. G.. pastor ; Rev. F. Keenan, 
asst. paxtor ; residence adjoining the cliurch. 

St. Lms Sliermun, near Polk st. Rev. 
Peter MucMahon, pastor; pastoral residence, 
Bishop's palace. 

St. Peter's (German Congregation). S. 
Clark, cor. Polk st. Rev. J B. Magar, pastor; 
pastoral residence adjoining the church. 

St. Joseph's (German Congregation). Chi- 
cago av., south-west cor. Cass st. Rev. Louis 
Maria, 0. S. B., pastor ; pastoral residence 
next to church. 

St. Michael's ( German Congregation. ) 
North av., north-west corner Church st., 
under the direction of the Redemptionist's 
Fathers. Rev. Father Roesch, C. S. S. R., 
pastor; Rev?.. Albert Shaeffler and Joseph 
Hazel, C. S. S. R-, asst. pastors. 

St. Francis Assissium Society, (German Con- 
gregation}. S. Clinton, north-east cor. Mather 
"fit. Rev. F. Kalvalage, pastor ; pastoral resi- 
dence next the church. 

Cliurch of the Immaculate Conception N. 
Franklin, near Schiller st. Rev. Thaddeus J. 
Butler, D. D., pastor ; pastoral residence next 
the church. 

St. Columba'sK. Pauline, cor. W. Indiana 
st. Rev. Thomas C. Bourke, pastor. 

St. John's Clark, cor. 18th st. Rev. John 
Waldron, pastor ; residence west side State 
nr. 18th st. 

St. James 1 East side Prairie av., bet. 26th 
and 27th st. Peter O'Dowd, pastor. 

St. Bridget's Bridgeport. Rev. J. Grogan, 


The Chicago Society of the New Jerusalem 
Adams street, between W abash and Michigan 
av's. Rev. J. R. Hibbard, pastor. 

German Branch N. Reuben street, near 
W. Chicago av. Rev. John H. Ragatz,/>astor. 


First Wabash av., bet. Harrison street 
and Ilubbard st. Rev. Charles B. Thomas, 

Unity Chicago av., cor. Dearborn st. Rev. 
Robert Collyer, pastor. 


St. PauTs Wabash av., cor. Van Buren 
st. Rev. William H. Ryder, pastor. 

Second Church of the Redeemer W. Wash- 
ington, -north-east corner S. Sangamon st. 
Rev. James H. Tuttle, pastor. 


Cor. Wilson and Clinton sts. Rev. C. T. 
Steam, jftufor. 


Chicago City Railway Route. Cars leave 
cor. Lake and State, running south 3} miles 
to Cottage Grove. 

Chicago West Div. Railway Route. Cars 
leave cor. Lake and State, running through 
Madison three miles to the city limits. 

Leave cor. State and Randolph, running 
through Randolph three miles to the city 

Leave cor. Lake and State, running on Hal- 
sted and Blue Island avenue, two miles to the 
C. B. & Q. R. R. crossing. 

Loave cor. Randolph and Halsted, running 
on Milwaukee avenue, one and a halt' miles to 
cor. Chicago avenue. 

North Chicago City Railway Cars leave 
Clark Street bridge, running north 5} miles 
to Graceland cemetary. 

Branches run on Divison arid Clybourne 
ave, on Sedgwick street and North avenue, 
and on Chicago avenue. 


Audubon Club Rooms Lind's Block.' 
Chicago Chess Club Rooms Portland Block. 


Chari'y Dispensary At " Rush Medical 
College." This is a public institution tor the 
gratuitous treatment of the sick poor. Pa- 
tients are prescribed for without charge, and 
when unable to come to the Dispensary are 
visited at their homes. It is open every day 
from 3 to 4 P. M, at Rush Medical College, 
south-east corner N. Dearborn and Indiana 
streets, attended by the Faculty of Rush Me- 
dical College. 

Chicago City Dispensary At Chicago Me- 
dical College. State street, 3d door south 
of 22nd. For the gratuitous treatment 
of indigent patients, is in immediate connec- 
tion with the Medical Department of Lind 
University, and is attended by Professors An- 
drews and By ford. 

Chicago Charitable Eye and Ear Infirmary 
Consulting Surgeons ; Edward L. Holmes, M. 
D., Edwin Powell, M. D. The Dispensary of 
the Infirmary, at the corner of North Clark 
and N. Water streets, (Ewing's Block), is open 
daily, from 11 to 1 o'clock, tor the gratuitous 
treatment of the poor, afflicted with Diseases 
of the Eye or Ear. 

Hahncmann College Dispensary 168 S. 
Clark street. Chartered in 1855. Open for 
the Medical and Surgical treatment of the 
sick poor of the city, each day, except Sun- 
days, throughout the year. R. Ludlam, M. 
D., Attending Physician. 



(Office, 76 LaSalle street, opposite the Court 
House), W. J. Onahan, Flavel Moseley, J. 
Collins Wicker, David Walsh, Philo Carpen- 
ter, John Forsvthe, John Went worth. Levi B. 
Tat't, Henry W'alker, Christian Wahl, William 
H. Ryder, Joseph Waldhauser, Walter L. New- 
berry, James W. Sheahan, R. Prindville. 

& WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 1O6 I ake Street, Chicago, 111. 
fcieo. 1C. Chitteiiden, General Agent lor 111., Win., Iowa, Jtlimi, St IN, Indiana. 





Superintendent of Public Schools. W. H. 
Wells. Office, 76 LaSalle street, opposite the 
Court House. 


Under the charge of the Board of Educa- 

Chicago High School. Monroe, between Hal- 
sted and Des Plaines streets. Principal, 
George Howland. 

Dearborn School. Madison, between State 
and Dearborn streets. Principal, Albert R. 

/ones' School* Corner of Clark and Harri- 
son streets. Principal, Leander Sloan. 

Scammon .School. Madison, between Hal- 
sted and Union streets. Principal, A. H. 

Kinzie School. Corner of Ohio and LaSalle 
streets. Principal, Jeremiah Slocum. 

Franklin School. Corner of Division and 
Sedgwick streets. Principal, Albert G. Lane. 

Washington School. Corner of W. Indiana 
and Sungamon streets. Principal, Benjamin 
R. Cutter. 

Moseley School. Corner '.Michigan avenue 
and Monterey street. Principal, Samuel A. 

Brown School. Corner Warren and Page 
streets. Principal, Samuel H. White. 

Foster School. Union, near Twelfth street. 
Principal, George W. Spofford. 

Ogdcn School. Chestnut, between Dearborn 
and Wolcott streets. Principal, F. S. Hey- 

Newbtrry School. Corner of Orchard and 
Willow streets. Principal, Curtis C. Meserve^ 

School No. Twelve. Corner Reuben and Cor- 
nelia sts. Principal, Morton Culver. Branch 
of School No. Twelve. Reuben street near 
Chicago avenue. 

Skinner School. Corner Jackson and Aber- 
deen streets. Principal, A. N. Merriman. 

Haven School. Wabash avenue, north of 
Sixteenth street. Principal, James J. Noble. 

South Chicago School Near University. 
Principal, Rodney Welch. 

Bridgeport School. Bridgeport. Principal, 
C. F. Babcock. 

Holstein School. Holstein. Principal, Sarah 
E. Lyon. 

Colored School. Corner Fourth avenue and 
Taylor st. Principal, Roxanna F. Beecher. 


Chicago Academy. (For Ladies,) 218 Wa- 
bash avenue, near Adams. Principal, Mrs. 
Lane Baker. 

Chi: ago Seminary for Young Ladies. West 
eide Cass street, between Ohio and Ontario. 

Dearborn Seminary. (For Ladies,) 79 and 
81 Wabash avenue. See circular in Chicago 
Business Directory, under /leading of Seminar ics. 

Forty's School. (For Ladies,) Wabash ave., 
near Sixteenth street. 

Htahaway's Academy. 172 Clark st. Prin- 
cipal, W. G. Hathawy, A. M. 

North- Western Normal Institute for Physical 
Education. 116 and 118 Randolph st. Con- 
ductors, 0, W. Powers, A. M., and J. E. Pow- 
ers, A. M. 

Palmers Academy. 329 Wabash avenue. 
Principal, Wm. D. Palmer, A. M. 

Day Schools are attached to and under the 
care of many of the churches throughout the 
city, averaging from fifty to two hundred 
pupils each. 

Chicago Mission Schools. In active, ener- 
getic efforts in Sabbath and Mission School 
labor, Chicago ranks second to no city in the 

There are in the city about thirty-six Mis- 
sion schools, among the most important of 
which are the 

Illinois Street Mission On Illinois street be- 
tween LaSalle and Wells. 

North Star Mission. Corner of Division and 
Sedgwick streets. 

Railroad Mission. Griswold, between Van 
Buren and Harrison streets, near Michigan 
Southern passenger depot. Each of which 
have an average attendance of between six 
and seven hundred. 


Convent and Academy of the Sacred Heart. 
Conducted by the Sisters of the Sacred Heart. 
Taylor street, corner of Throop. Superioress, 
Madam J. A. Gallway. 

Convent and Academy of Saint Agatha. Con- 
ducted by the Sisters of Mercy. Michigan 
avenue, between 26th and 27th sts. Superi- 
oress, Mother Mary Stanislaus. 

Convent and Academy of St. Francis Javier. 
Conducted by the Sisters of Mercy. Wabash 
avenue, one door south of St. Mary's Church. 
Superioress, Mother Francis de Sales. . 

Convent of the Christian Brothers. South 
Des Plaines st., opposite St. Patrick's Church. 
Director, Rev. Brother Candidian. 

Convent of the Sisters of Charity. Opposite 
Cathedral of the Holy Name. Sister Anne 

Convent of the School Sisters. Adjoining 
St. Michael's Church. 

Convent of the Sisters of the Good Shepherd. 
N. Market street, near Division. 

Convent of the Benedictine Fathers. Chica- 
cago avenue, north-east corner Cass street. 

Convent of the Benedictine Nuns. Rear 349 
Chicago avenue. 

Catholic Asylum for Boys. Incorporated 
1863. Situated in Bridgeport under the 
charge of the Christian Brothers. 

St. Patrick's School for Boys, under charge 
of the Christian Brothers. Average number 
of pupils, 400. 

"W. W. IvIMBALLr, Piano Fortes, Melodious and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Itetail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 





St. Angela's Female Academy, adjoining St. 
Patrick's Church, under the charge of the 
Sisters of Mercy. Average number of pupils, 

Schools of the Cathedral of the Holy Name, 
under the charge of the Sisters of Charity. 
Average number of pupil.-', 450. 

St. M>tr>/'s Free and Select Female Schools, 
under tli clique of the Sisters of Mercy. 
About 800 pupils. 

St. Mary's School for Boys, under charge of 
Christian Brothers. Average attendance, 150. 

Attached to all other Catnolic Churches in 
the city are D y and Sunday Schools. Av- 
erage attendance 4,000. 

Colleges and Theological Seminaries 


With the opening of the North West, and 
the sudden rise of Chicago towards the rank 
of a great commercial emporium, it was fore- 
seen by those who had at heart the highest 
interests of society, that broad and deep 
foundations should here be laid for education, 
and that here was the natural centre of a great 
University, which should expand in pace with 
the growth of the city, and should at once 
represent and give tone to its culture and add 
to it the crowning element of greatness. 

Among the first to entertain this con- 
ception was the hit- Hon. Stephen A. Douglas, 
then a citizen of Chicago, and in pursuance of 
his convictions, in 1856, he conveyed to the 
Rev. J. C Bui roughs property then valued at 
$60,000, in trust tor the foundation of a Uni- 
versity. The beginning thus made, the en- 
terprise has advanced, with a rapidity sur- 
prising, under the condition of the times, till 
it has already taken rank among the leading 
Universities of the country, while a future is 
foreshadowed to it, s-'uch as has perhaps never 
opened before a similar enterprise. 

Offkfr* of the Board of Trustees. Ron Wm. 
B. Ogden, Preu-wtt; Hon. Charles Walker, 
Hon. James H. Woodworth, Vice Presidents; 
Rev. J. A. Smith, D. D., Secretary; Hon. J. 
H. Woodworth, Tre'imrer. 

Executive B ' <rd. Wm. Jones, Esq., Presi- 
dent; Rev. J. C. Burroughs, Secretary; Hon. R. 
S. Thomas, T. S. Dk-kerson, J. K. Burtis, J. K. 
Pollard, Rev. J. A. Smith, D. J. Ely, Hon. 
Jas. H. Woodworth ; Rev. M. G. Clarke, Fi- 
nancial Secretary. Office, No.87 Washington 

Facility. Rev. John C. Burroughs, D. D., 
President, and Professor of Moral and Intel- 
lectual Philosophy. 

Albert II. Mixer, A. M., Professor of the 
Greek Language and Literature. 

Alonzo J. Sawyer, A. M., Professor of 

Joseph Breck, Professor of the Latin Lan- 
guage and Literature. 

J. H. McChesney, A. M., Professor of 

Chemistry, Geology, Mineralogy and Agricul- 

F. Mahla, A. M., Ph. D., Acting Professor 
of Chemistry. 

F. Scammon, M. D., Scarnmon Professor of 

. , Professor of Modern Languages 

and Literature. The duties of this Chair are 
discharged by Professors Mixer and Breck. 

Henry Booth, A. M., Hoyne Professor of In- 
ternational and Constitutional Law. 

Wm. Mathews, A. M., Professor of Rhetoric 
and English Language and Literature. 

G. W. Thomas, A. B., Tutor in Greek and 

Alonzo J. Howe, A. M., Principal of the 

H. B. Bryant and H. D. Stratton, Commer- 
cial Science. 

. , Professor of Vocal Music. 


The location of the University is on the 
high gravelly beach of Lake Michigan, embrac- 
ing ten acres of ground, covered by a beauti- 
ful natural grove. In healthfulness and beauty, 
it is universally admitted to be unsurpassed by 
any college site in the country, while the City- 
Railway, passing its gates, brings it within 
easy reach of all the privileges of the city at 
the same time that it enjoys the quiet seclu- 
sion of the country. 

The Building already completed is of Athens 
stone, five stories high, mos ly occupied by 
students rooms and accommodations for the 
boarding department. The rooms for students, 
arranged in suits of a study and two bed- 
rooms, in convenience, ventilation &c., are all 
that can be desired. The rnaiu building is 
now in rapid progress and contracted to be 
ready for occupancy during the next collegiate 
year. It will be the finest college edifice in 
the west and will leave nothing wanting in 
recitation rooms, halls, chemical laboratory, 
cabinet, gymnasium, etc. 


The walls of the Observatory are rapidly 
rising and within the present year the great 
Clark Telescope will be mounted. The scien- 
tific authorities of this Country and Europe 
are agreed in pronouncing it the greatest Tel- 
escope in the world. 


The University of Chicago relies for the 
means to carry out its plans upon the fact, 
that it meets a recognized want of the people 
of the great Northwest. Identified in name 
and int|rest with the city of Chicago, it has 
proved itself able to command the wealth and 
co-operation of the city to any extent de- 
manded in erecting its buildings and endowing 
its various departments; while its relations to 
the magnificent country of which the city is 
the centre, opens to it a field of influence and 
patronage such as places its future resources 
beyond a doubt, and gives to its managers 
the utmost confidence, independently of all 

WHEEI/KK Sc WiLSON'S Sewing Machines, 1O6 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 
Ceo. It, Cblttenden, General Agent lor 111., Wis,, Iowa, Minn. & N. 3 mil an a. 





state endowments, in projecting the enter- 
prize on the broadest and most liberal basis. 


The University aims at nothing less than 
the highest standard of classical and scientific 
culture attained by American Universities ; 
at the same time providing in its scientific 
course and its privilege of elective studies 
for those who, from any cause, are compelled 
to shorten their time of study. In this way 
it aims to give to its advantages the widest 
possible extension to the different wants of so- 
ciety, without detriment to its primary design 
of fostering and disseminating learning in its 
highest and broadest sense. 

The following course of study, while it by 
no means embraces all that is contemplated, is 
yet believed to be not essentially inferior to 
the highest standard yet reached by the Uni- 
versities of best character in this country. 
Students passing from any period of the 
course have uniformly been found able to enter 
ad eundem at the first colleges of the East. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. First Term, Xenophon's 
Anabasis, Greek Prose Composition, Smith's 
History of Greece, Livy, Latin Prose Compo- 
sition, Robinson's University Algebra, Whate- 
ly's Lessons in Morals. Second Term. 
Geometry completed, Application of Algebra 
to Geometry, Homer's Iliad, Horace (Odes), 
Roman Antiquities, Modern History. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. First Term Horace 
(Satires and Epistles), Plane Trigonometry, 
Mensuration and Surveying, (Loomis') Eng- 
lish Words, (Trench, Graham) German. 
Second Term Isocrates, Cicero de Senectute 
and de Amicitiae, Navigation, Spherical Trig- 
onometry, Algebra completed, Rhetoric, Ger- 
man. Third Term Conic Sections, Analyti- 
cal Geometry, Demosthenes on the Crown, 
Grecian Antiquities, Tacitus, (Germania and 
Agricola), Rhetoric completed. 

JUNIOR YEAR. First Term. Logic (Sir 
Wm. Hamilton), Cicero de Oratore, Defferen- 
tial and Integral Calculus, (optional) Paley's 
Evidences, French. Second Tei-m. -Natural 
Philosophy, (Snell's Olmsted) Greek Trage- 
dies, Greek Testament, Terence, English Lit- 
erature. Third Term. Natural Philosophy 
completed, Astronomy, Greek Tragedies, Plau- 
tus, Botany, Zoology. 

SENIOR YEAK. First Term. Mental Philos- 
ophy, (Sir Wm. Hamilton) Astronomy com- 
pleted, Chemistry, Civil Engineering. Second 
Term. Mineralogy and Geology, Greek Phi- 
losophers, Guizot's History of Civilization, 
Butler's Analogy, Paley's Natural Theology. 
Third Term. Moral Philosophy, Political 
Economy (Wayland), International Law, Con- 
stitution of United States. Anatomy, Physi- 
ology, Ethnology, Aesthetics. 

SCIENTIFIC COURSE. For those who do not 
wish to pursue the Greek and Latin languages, 
a special course has been arranged, omitting 
that part of the classical course, and substitut- 
ing a larger amount of French, German, Math- 
ematics, and Nature! Sciences. Graduates 

from this course receive the degree of BACHE- 

Students not candidates for degrees, may 
also pursue any studies of the regular course 
at their option. 

Illustrative Apparatus. The lectures on 
Chemistry and Natural Philosophy are illus- 
trated by the best modern apparatus. In Ge- 
ology and Mineralogy the collection of speci- 
mens is one of the largest and best selected in 
the country. The Botanical collection of 
Prof. Scammon numbers over four thousand 
species. There are, also, moderate facilities 
for the illustration of Zoology, and other 
branches of Natural History. 

Boardimj Department. A competent stew- 
ard and matron have been placed in charge 
of this department, and students who wish to 
board in the University may be sure of the 
best accommodations which the low prices 
charged will afford. 

Expenses. Board, per week, $2.00; Wash. 
irig, per dozen, 40 cts.; Room, per year, 
$15.00; Tuition, per year, $50.00. Wood and 
lights students find for themselves. 

The whole expenses, including books, arc 
found not to exceed $180.00 per year., 

Sessions and Vacations, The Collegiate 
year opens on the second Thursday in Sep- 
tember of each year. First term continues 
fifteen weeks ; vacation, one week. Second 
term, thirteen weeks ; vacation, one week. 
Third term, twelve weeks, closing on the 
Thursday before the 4th of July. 


A School either for preparation for Col- 
lege, or for General Education. Prof. Alonzo 
J. Howe, A. M., Principal. 

The President and Faculty of the University 
give instruction in the Academy, and exercise 
care over the students, the same as in the 

Students not preparing for College may 
choose for themselves what studies to pursue, 
and may enter at any time during the year, if 
prepared to recite with classes then in progress. 

The studies preparatory to College have 
been arranged in a course of three years, in- 
cluding Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geog- 
raphy, Elementary Science, History of the 
United States, Reading, Spelling, Writing, 
Book-Keeping, English Composition, Declama- 
tion, Algebra (through Robinson's Elemen- 
tary), Latin, (the Elements, and Cassar, Cicero 
and Virgil,) and Greek as far as four books of 
Xenophon's Anabasis. The course embraces 
all that is necessary to fit students for this, or 
any other American College. 

Boys of twelve years of age, with a fair 
knowledge of the Elementary Branches, can 
enter the Academy to advantage. 

Students have the same privileges of board 
and rooms as College students. 

Terms The same as in the University 
proper, viz : Tuition, $50.00 per year ; 
Board, $2.00 per week; Room, $15.00 per 
year ; Washing, 40 cts. per dozen. 

W. W. KIMBALL, Piano Fortes, Ittelodeons ami Parlor Organs, 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, III. 








That the requirements of the legal profes- 
sion should be regarded in a University, worthy 
to be called the University of Chicago, and 
that liberal provision for legal learning should 
be incorporated into the foundations of the 
institution, was not overlooked by the mana- 
gers of the University, and was prominent in 
the plans of its distinguished founder. Ac- 
cordingly, a Department was provided for in 
its charter, and in 1858, an endowment of 
Five Thousand Dollars, by the Hon. Thomas 
Hoyne, enabled the department to go into suc- 
cessful operation. Its history thus far, has ex- 
ceeded the expectations of its founders, and it 
has reached a position among the permanent 
and honored institutions of the city, and of 
the North-West. As will' be seen by reference 
to its order, which appears below, the Su- 
preme Court of Illinois has recognized the 
Diploma of this department as the standard 
of preparation for the Bar of the State. 

Professors. Hon. Henry Booth, Real Estate, 
Personal Property, Contracts, Commercial 

Hon. John M. Wilson, Equity Jurispru- 

Hon. Grant Goodrich, Criminal Law, Per- 
scjnal Rights, Domestic Relations. 

Harvey B. Kurd, Esq., Evidence, Common 
Law Pleadings, Practice. 

The design of this department is to furnish 
a thorough, scientific and practical training, 
such as may fit the student to enter at once 
upon the duties of his profession with success. 
For this purpose, there are daily examinations 
in the various branches of the law, occupying 
from four to five hours ; in addition to which 
there are moot courts weekly or oftener, and 
frequent exercises in extemporaneous speak- 

Terms, Diplomas, etc. There are three 
terms in the year, of thirteen weeks each. 
The first term begins on the third Wednesday 
in September ; the second on the first Wed- 
nesday in January ; and the third on the 
second Wednesday in April. A full course of 
study occupies two years, or six terms; em- 
bracing the various branches of the common 
law, equity, admiralty, commercial, interna- 
tional and constitutional law, and the jurispru- 
dence of the United States. There is also a 
less extensive course of commercial jurispru- 
dence, for those intending to devote them- 
selves to mercantile pursuits. At the close of 
the collegiate year, there is a public examina- 
tion in the presence of the Faculty and Trus- 
tees of the University, when any student who 
has attended the exercises of the school for 
three full terms, and is found qualified to 
practice, receives the degree of Bachelor of 

Admission to the Bar. The following order 
of the Supreme Court of Illinois was entered 
on record May 12, 1863 : 

"Ordered, That a diploma from the Law 
School of the University of Chicago shall be 

deemed satisfactory evidence that the gradu- 
ate is sufficiently learned in the law to entitle 
him to admission to the bar of this court." 

Communications should be addressed to 
Prof. H. Booth, postoffice box 1965, Chicago. 


The constantly increasing patronage has in- 
duced the Board of Trustees to undertake the 
erection of a new University Building, capable 
of accommodating three times the number of 
students now attending the schools. 

This extension of the buildings affords an 
opportunity of adding the departments of 
Divinity. Law and Medicine to the course of 
studies. ' The Professors of Rush Medical Col- 
lege will superintend the medical studies, and 
their lectures will be delivered in their Col- 
lege buildings, some few squares from the 
University. The Lecture Hall of the Law De- 
partment is situated near the Court House, 
and at a distance not inconvenient for students 
residing at the University. 

TJie University Buildings are situated in the 
North Division of Chicago. A more favorable 
position for salubrity, pleasure and conven- 
ience, could not be found in or about the city. 
The grounds, situated within a few blocks of 
the shore of La'ke Michigan, embrace an entire 
square, decorated with shade trees, where stu- 
dents may indulge in cheerful exercise for the 
purpose of health and relaxation. 


Rev. J. McMullin, President, Professor of 
Metaphvsics and Moral Philosophy, 

Rev.'j. McGovern, D.D., Vice President, 
Professor of Latin. 

E. B. Downing, L. L. D., Professor of Math- 
ematics and Astronomy. 

George Quackenboss, A. M., Professor of 
Greek Rhetoric and Chemistry. 

Max Girac, L. L. D., Profe'ssor of French 
and Music. 

P. Foote, Esq., Professor of History. 

J. Gueren, Esq., Professor of Natural Phi- 

Rev. Max Albright, Professor of Geeman. 


Daniel Brainard, M. D., President, Professor 
of Surgery and Clinical Surgery. 

James V. Z. Blaney, M. D., Professor of 
Chemistry and Pharmacy. 

J. Adams Allen, M. D", L. L. D., Professor of 
Principles and Practice of Medicine and Clin- 
ical Medicine. 

J, W. Freer, M. D., Professor of Physiology 
and Surgical Pathology. 

DeLaskie Miller, M. D., Professor of Obstet- 
rics, and diseases of Women and Children. 

Ephraim Ingalls, M. D., Professor of Mate- 
ria Medica and Medical Jurisprudence. 

R. L. Rea, M. D., Secretary, Professor of 

Edwin Powell, M. D., Demonstrator o' Anat- 

Je A- IVIf<MWS So\viii Machines, KM* Lake Street, Chicago, HI. 

4.00. It. < iiiUcmlcn, General A^inl lor lit., "IV is., lo wu. Jliuii, A >, Indiana. 





Prospector to Professor of Anatomy, F. R. 


Hon. Henry Booth, Professor of Contracts, 
Personal Property, Real Estate and Common 

Hon. John M. Wilson, Professor of Equity 
and Jurisprudence. 

Hon. Grant Goodrich, Professor of Criminal 
Law, Personal Rights, and Domestic Rela- 

Harvey B, Hurd, Esq., Professor of Com- 
mon Law Pleadings, Evidences and Practice. 


Rev. J. McGovern, D. D., Rector, Professor 
of Hebrew and Sacred Scripture. 

Rev. J. McMullen, D. D., Professor of Ethics 
and Moral Theology. 

Rev. T. J. Butler, D. D., Professor of Dog- 
matic Theology and History. 

Chicago Theological Seminary. The grounds 
extend the width, of an entire block, fronting 
the centre of Union Park, and the Seminary 
is open to students of all denominations. 

Lind University. The literary departments 
of this University are located at Lake Forest, 
a new and beautiful village on the lake shore, 
.and on the Chicago & Milwaukee Railroad, 
-twenty-seven miles from Chicago. A fine 
' building has been erected for the Preparatory 
Department. This school is in a very flour- 
ishing state, and includes a class in the first 
year of the College course. The Institution 
is in charge of Prof. M. C. Butler, M. A., and 
au efficient corps of assistant teachers. 

Presbyterian Theological Seminary. Open 
to students of all Christian denominations. 
The building is a fine, substantial, new brick 
structure, 40 feet by 60, and four stories high, 
situated on Fullerton avenue, corner of Hal- 
.sted street. The Seminary grounds are twen- 
ty-five acres in extent. The library is large 
and valuable, comprising about 7,000 volumes. 


Belgium. Dr. J. F. Henrotin, 110 North 
Wells street. 

Denmark. (Vice Consul,) Dr. N. P. Peter- 

France. (Vice Consul,) C. A. Ravin D'El- 
peux, 227 Michigan St. 

German Principality of Lippe. Godfrey 
Snydacker, 60 LaSalle St. 

German States. Francis A. Hoffman, 60 La 
Salle St. 

Great Britain. J. E: Wilkins; office 157 
Randolph St., residence St. Louis, Mo. 

Italy. (Acting consul,) C. A. Ravin D'El- 
peux, 227, Michigan St. 

Sweden and Norway. Gerard Larsson, Ewing 



Situated on the west side of Dearborn, bet. 
Madiaon and Monroe Sts. 

Collector Luther Haven. 

Deputies Thomas J. Kinsella, and B. F. 

Clerks Collins Shackelforu, J. E. Adams. 

Inspectors Charles Vonpahl, P. Connolly, 
G. H. Baumer, L. C. Hugunin, Theophilua 
Packard, J. Clough Haines. 

Janitor James G. Beckerley. 

Night Watch John Amondson. 


Depositary Luther Haven ; office, Custom 


Supervising Inspector Alfred Guthrie. 
Local Inspectors Gordon P. Ozier, Carlile 


Collector George Schneider, office Custom 

Deputy -S. D. Ward. 

Asst. Collectors James G. Fay, J. G. Rom- 
.iess, Theodore Swan, James Gibbs, 

Assessor Peter Page. Office, 133 Dear- 
born St. cor. Madison, 2d floor. 

Chief Asst.C. R. Field. 


Marshal J. R. Jones. Office, Custom 

.Deputies Parnell Munson, A. B. Cotes. 

Bailiff's Thomas B. Bridges and Spencer B. 


Commissioner Philip A. Hoyne. Office, 
Custom House. 


Provost Marshall Captain William James, 
office 132 Clark St. 

Surgeon Dr. J. W. Freer. 

Enrolling Commissioner I. L. Milliken. 


Captain Charles Goodman, office 6S Wash- 
ington St. 

Chief Clerk Edwin J. Farnum. 


Captain C. C. Pomeroy, llth U. S. Infant- 
ry, mustering officer. Office, 70 Washington 


Col. James W. Boyden, office n e cor. Clark 
and Lake streets. 

W, K1WBJJLL, *Mno Porto*, WefodeoiiM and Parlor organs, Wholesale 
an U itelail, 1-ti i-ake Street, Chicatf , 111. 






Chicago City Hospital. Is now occupied by 
the United States authorities as a Military 

Mercy Hospital. Under the direction of the 
Sisters of Mercy ; 265 Wabash av. 

United States Marine Hospital. This is a 
charitable institution, under the auspices of 
the general government, situated near the 
river and the lake, on the ground formerly oc- 
cupied as a military post, for the treatment 
of sick marines, alone. It is supported by the 
Hospital Fund of the United States, derived 
from the wages of all American sailors. The 
building stands on the east side of Michigan 
av., between the river and South Water St., 
and is 90J feet front by 128 feet deep, three 
stories high above the 'basement, with a cupo- 
la elevated to 67 feet. Its appearance is fine, 
with spacious piazzas on the north and south 
sides, and the manner of construction is per- 
manent. The basement is of stone, and its 
other walls white pressed brick. It contains 
48 apartments, besides spacious halls, water 
closets, bath rooms, etc., and will accommo- 
date 350 patients. It was first opened for 
the treatment of patients in April, 1852, and 
contains 175 beds with an average of 150 pa- 
tients. The officers of this institution are: 
Ralph N. Isham, Chief Surgeon, Fred Rice, 
jSteioard, Mrs. Rice, Matron. 

Small Pox Hospital Situated on North av., 
bet. Wolcott St. and Lake Michigan. 


(See Incorporated Companies in Chicago Busi- 
ness Directory.} 


{See Insurance Companies in Chicago Business 
Directory. ) 



The Supreme Court is held in the City of 
Washington, D. C., and has one session an- 
nually, commencing on the first Monday in 

Chief Justice. Roger B. Taney, of Mary- 

Associate Justices. James M. Wayne, Sa- 
vannah; John Catron, Nashville; Samuel 
Nelson, Cooperstown ; Robert C. Grier, Pitts- 
burg ; Nathat Clifford, Portland ; Noah H. 
Swayne, Michigan;' Samuel H. Miller; David 
D. Davis; Stephen J. Field, California. 

Attorney General. Edward Bates, Wash- 

Reporter. J. S. Black. 

Clerk. William T. Carroll, Washington. 


The United States are divided into ten Ju- 
dicial Circuits, in each of which a Circuit 
Court is held twice every year for each State 
within the Circuit, by a Justice of the Su- 
preme Court, assigned to the Circuit, and by 

the District Judge of the State or District in 
which the Court sits. The State of Illinois is 
attached to the Ninth Judicial Circuit, which 
comprises the States of Indiana and Illinois. 


Hon. David Davis, Associate Justice of the 
Supreme Court of the United States, and 
Presiding Judge of the Eighth Judicial Cir- 

Hon. Thomas Drummond, Judge of District 
Court of the United States, Northern District 
of Illinois. 

William H. Bradley, Clerk of Circuit and 
District Courts. 

J. Russell Jones, Marshall. 

J. Tilden Moulton, Henry W. Bishop, Mas- 
ters in Chancery for Circuit Court. 

Philip A. Hoyne, Frank W. Cole, U. S. Com- 

Terms of the Circuit and District Courts are 
first Mondays of March, May, July, October, 
and third Monday of December. 

Rule Day in Chancery, first Monday ia eve- 
ry month. 

Return Days for Mesne Process In Ad^mi- 
ralty in District Court, First Monday in each 


Holds its sessions at Springfield, on the first 
Mondays in January and June. 
Ron. Samuel H. Treat, Judge. 
B. W. Phillips, Marshal. 
Lawrence Weldon, District Attorney. 
Paschal Enos, Clerk Circuit Court. | 
George T. Bowen, Clerk Dist. Court. 


This Court hold one session ia each Divis- 
ion of the State each year. 

First Division, on the first Tuesday after the 
second Monday in November, at Mount Ver- 
non, in Jefferson county. 

Sidney Breese, of St. Clair county, Judge. 

Noah Johnson, of Jefferson county, Clerk. 

Second Division, on the first Tuesday after 
the first Monday in January, at Springfield. 

P. H. Walker", of Rushville, Judge. 

William A. Turney, of Springfield, Clerk. 

Third Division, on the first Tuesday after 
the third Monday in April, at Ottawa, La 
Salle county. 

Corydon *Beckwith, of Chicago, Chief Jus- 

Lorenzo Leland, of Ottawa, Clerk. 


John M. Wilson, Chief Justice. 

Van H. Higgins, Joseph E. Gary, Associate 

Thomas B. Carter, Clerk. 

Casper Butz, and Uriah R. Hawley, Deputy 
Clerk e. 

Terms, first Monday in each month. 

HF.FrLKR & WILSON'S Sewin* Machine*, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
fcco. R. Chlttenden, General Agent for 111., Wi*., Iowa, Minn. & N. Indiana. 






Trial Terms, second Monday in April, fourth 
Monday in May, third Monday in June, second 
Monday in July, first Monday in September, 
third Monday in November, first Monday in 
January, and third Monday in February in 
each year. 

Vacation Terms, third Monday in March, 
and second Monday in October. 

Tlace of holding Court, Court House, Chi- 

E. S. Williams, Judge. 

John Knox, State's Attorney. 

Wm. L. Church, Clerk. 


Terms, third Monday in each month. 

Place of holding Court, room No. 5, .Court 
House, Chicago. 

James B. Brad well, Judge. 

Lauriu P. Billiard, Clerk. 

Terms, first Monday in every month. 

Place of holding Court, room No. 10, Court 
House, Chicago. 

Evert YanBuren, Judge. 

Joseph Knox, States Attorney. 

Daniel O'Hara, Clerk. 

This Court has concurrent jurisdiction in 
the* county and city respectively with the Cir- 
cuit Court and Common Pleas, in all civil 
cases, and all criminal cases in the city only, 
except murder and treason. 

Each county has a County Court, with juris- 
diction to the same amount as justices of the 
peace, but their business ie chiefly in probate 


Chicago Historical Society. Newburv's build- 
ing, Kinzie, cor. N. Wells St. Rev." William 
Barry, Librarian. 

Cliicago Law Institute. Third floor Court 

New Church Free Library. Harrison street, 
bet. State and Wabash av. 

Young Men's Association. Portland block. 
Young Men's Cliristian Association. Method- 
ist Church block. 

Free Library. German Mission Chapel, 
New Jerusalem Church, N. Reuben street, nr. 
W. Chicago av. 

Illinois Central R. R. Go's. Employees. No. 
691 State street. 


Chicago Medical Examiner. =N. S. Davis, M. 

D., editor ; office corner State and Monroe sts. 

Chicago Medical Journal. (Monthly) De- 

laskie Miller, M. D., and Ephraim Ingals, M. 

D., editors and proprietors. 

Peoples' Dental Journat. (Quarterly) 
Edited by W. W. Allport, D. D. S., Chicago; 
A. Hill, D. D. S., Norwalk, Ct.; I. Richard- 
son, D. D. S., Terre Haute, Ind. Office, 32 
Washington street. 

names' 1 Legal Adviser. (Monthly) Pub- 
lished by E. M. Haines, at the office 93 Wash- 
ington street. Price $1 per annum. 

Peoples' Journal of Health. (Monthly) 
Justin Hayes, M. D., and C. R. Blackwell, M. 
D., editors and proprs. 79 Dearborn street. 

Ratta Hamlandet. (Monthly) Rev. Erland 
Carlson, editor; published by the Sweedish 
Lutheran Publication Society ; office 192 Su- 
perior street. 

Voice of Masonry. (Monthly) Rob. Mor- 
ris, L. L. D., editor ; John C. W. Bailey, pub- 
lisher and propr., 128 and 130 Clark street. 


Rush Medical College. North Dearborn, 
corner of Indiana street ; Established 1842. 
President, Daniel Brainard, M. D. 

Chicago Medical Society. Meets in No. 

(War Committee Room,) Court House, every 
Friday evening. 

Chicago Medical College. East side State 
street, 3d door south of 22d. President, W. H. 
Johnson, M. D. 


This institution, charted by the Legislature 
of Illinois, has been in successful operation 
for four years, and embraces in its curriculum 
as wide a range of medical science as any in 
the country. 


D. S. Smith, M. D., President, and Professor 
of Materia Medica and Therapeutics. 

A. E. Small, M. D., Emeritus Professor of 
Theory and Practice of Medicine, and Profes- 
sor of Medical Jurisprudence. 

Reuben Ludlam, M. D., Professor of Obstet- 
rics, and Diseases of Women and Children. 

G. D. Beebe, M. D., Professor of Surgery 
and Surgical Anatomy. 

N. F. Cooke, M. D., Professor of Theory 
and Practice of Medicine. 

D. A. Colton, M. D., Professor of General 
and Descriptive Anatomy. 

Rodney Welch, M. D., Professor of Chemis- 
try and toxicology. 

The Chair of Physiology and Pathology is 
temporarily vacant, but will be ably filled be- 
fore the next session. 

A. E. Small, M. D., Dean, Postoffice Box, 

G. D. Beebe, M. D., Registrar, Postoffice 
Box 4325. 

Homeopathic Medical Society, meets at the 
rooms of Hahnemaan Medical College. 

Illinois State Homoeopathic Association, or- 
ganized in 1854. Holds its metings annually 
on Third Tuesday of May, at Hahncmann 
Medical College rooms. 

North- Western JfomcKOpatfiic Institute, holds 
its meetings annually in May. First and sec- 
ond meetings were held in Chicago. 


, Piano Forte*, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 I^ake Street, Chicago, 111. 






Chicago Musical Union. President, G. R. 
Chittenden. Rooms Methodist Church block. 
Meets every Monday evening. 

Mendelssohn Society. President, J. C. 
Gault; Secretary, Mr. Sprague. Regular re- 
hearsal every Tuesday evening at Gould's 
music rooms. 

Philharmonic Society. Organized October 
9th, 1860. Number of members 350. Meets 
at Bryan Hall second Tuesdays in May and 
November. E. J. Tinkham, president ; Otto 
Matz, secretary. 


Batavier in America (Holland Weekly). 

Catholic Weekly ( German ). Francis 
Xavier Brandecker, proprietor, office 47 La 
Salle street. 

Chicago Bank Note List. Monthly and 
Semi-Monthly) S. K. Reed, publisher, office 
24 Clark street. 

Chicago Insurance and Railway Register. 
Published monthly at No. 15 Cobb's building, 
J. A. Nichols, editor and proprietor. 

Chicago Evening Journal. (Dailv, Tri- 
weekly and Weekly) John L. Wilson, pub- 
lisher; Andrew Shuman, editor; office 50 
Dearborn street. 

Chicago Merchants' Weekly Circular. J. C. 
W. Bailey, editor and proprietor; office 130 
Clark street. 

Chicago Post. (Daily, Tri-weekly and 
Weekly) James W. Sheahan and Andre 
Matteson, editors ; office 93 Washington. 

Chicago Telegraph. (Morning Daily and 
Weekly) C. Knobelsdorff and Binder, pro- 
prietors ; office 39 La Salle street. 

Chicago Times. (Daily, Tri-weekly and 
Weekly) Storey & Worden, publishers; of- 
fice 74"Randolph street. 

Chicago Tribune. (Daily, Tri-weekly and 
Weekly) Chicago Tribune Company, pub- 
lishers; office 51 Clark street. 

Chicago Union. (German Daily and 
Weekly) Fred. Becker, proprietor; office 
233 Randolph street. 

Christian Times. (Weekly) Church & 
Goodman, publishers ; office 51 La Salle street. 

Commercial Advertiser. (Weekly.) 

Daily Commercial Letter. Published by 
H. A. Newcombe & Co. ; office 10 and 12 Tre- 
inont Exchange building, 61 Dearborn st. 

Daily Report of Suits, Judgment*, Chattel 
Mortgages, etc. R. R. Stevens, publisher; 
office room 4, with F. Jones % & Co., 119 Clark 

Hemlandet Del Gamla Och Dct Nya. Swed- 
ish (Weekly) Rev. Erland Carlson, editor ; 
published by the Swedish Lutheran Publica- 
tion Society ; office 192 Superior st. 

Illinois Stoats Zeituny. German (Daily and 
Weekly) L. Brentano, Editor and proprietor; 
office 55 La Salle st. 

Journal of Commerce. (Weekly.) 

McElroy\i Bank Note Reporter. (Monthly 
and Semi-Monthly) Solon McElroy, publisher; 
office 82 Dearborn street. 

Medical Investigator. (Monthly) C. S. Hal- 
sey, publisher ; office 136 Clark st. 

New Covenant. (Weekly) Rev. D. P. Liver- 
more, publisher ; office 132 Clark st. 

North Western Christian Advocate. (Week- 
ly) Rev. T. M. Eddy, editor ; office 66 Wash- 
ington street. 

Prairie Farmei*. (Weekly) Emery & Co., 
publishers; office 204 Lake st. 

Tli Churchman. (Weekly.) 

T/ie Haus Freund. German (Weakly, re- 
ligious) published by an Association of Evan- 
gelist Pastors ; office 38 and 40 La Salle st. 

The North Western Church. (Weekly) Rev, 
Thomas Smith, publisher; office, 77 Dear- 
born street. 

The Recorder. (Weekly.) 

The Templar's Offering. Cowdery & Law, 
publishers, 170 Clark st. 

Wells' Commercial Express (Daily, Weekly 
and Monthly) Joel Henry Wells, publisher. 
Office Wheeler's building. 

T7ie Union Banner and Commercial Adver- 
tiser. (Weekly.) Wm. Spencer & Co., prop's. . 
Office, 55 Clark st. 

Wells' 1 Marine Register. (Daily dining navi- 
gation) Joel Henry Wells, publisher. Office 
Wheeler's building. 

Western Railroad Gazette.* (Weekly) Stan- 
ley G. Fowler, editor and publisher ; office 
128 Ciark street. 


Board of Trade Building, n s S. Water bet. 
LaSalle and Wells. New Building to be 
erected during the coming season, on the s e 
cor of LaSalle and Washington streets. 

Bryan Hall, e s Clark street, opp. the Court 

Burch's Block, s s Lake, bet. Wabash av. 
and State street. 

Calhouu Block, e s Clark, bet. Washington 
and Madison streets. 

City Hall in Court House. 

City Water Works, cor. Chicago av. and 
Pine street. 

City Gas Works, cor. Monroe and Market 

Cobb's Building, 120 to 128 Dearborn street. . 

Court House, Randolph and Washington,, 
bet. Clark and LaSalle streets. 

Custom House Building, w s Dearborn, bet. 
Monroe and Madison streets. 

Dole's Building, S. Water, n w cor. Clark 

Ewing Block, e s N. Clark, bet. N. Water 
and Kinzie streets. 

Exchange Bank Building, s w cor. Lake and 
Clark streets. 

Fenian Hall, Randolph, n w cor. Wells st. 

Garrett Block, s e cor. Randolph and State 

German House, Indiana, cor. N. Wells st. 

German Theater, N. Wells, cor Indiana st. 

"%VHEEL,ER & WIL.SON'8 Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Geo. R. Chittenden, General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, ?Iinn. & N. Indiana. 





German Turn Halle, e s N. Clark, n of Chi- 
cago av. 

High School, Monroe, bet. Halsted and Des 
Plaines streets. 

Hilliard's Block, n e cor. Clark and S. Water 

Jackson Hall, 45 LaSalle street. 

Johnston's Building, e s State, near North 

Judd's Building, n e cor. LaSalle and Ran- 
dolph streets. 

Kingsbury Block, 109 to 115 Randolph st. 

Kinzie Hall, Kinzie, nr. N. Clark street. 

Knight's Block, Harrison st. cor. Third av. ' 

Knight's Building, 121 to 127 Dearborn st. 

Light Guard Hall, State, cor. Randolph st. 

Lincoln Hall, n w cor Lake and Franklin 

Lind's Block, Randolph, n w cor Market st. 

Link's Block, Lake, n w cor LaSalle street. 

Loomis' Building, Clark, s w cor S. Water 

McCarthy's Building, Dearborn, n e cor 
Washington street. 

McCormick's Building, s e cor Randolph 
and Dearborn streets. 

McVicker's Theater, Madison, nr cor State 

Marine Bank Building, Lake, n e cor La 
Salle street. 

Masonic Temple, Dearborn, nr Washington 

Methodist Church Block, Clark s. e. cor. 
Washington street. 

Metropolitan Block, Randolph, n w cor La 
Salle street. 

Metropolitan Hall, Randolph, cor LaSalle 

Morrison Block, e s Clark, bet Madison and 
Monroe streets. 

New berry BlocI, N. Wells, n e cor Kinzie 

North Market Hall, Michigan, near N.'Clark 

Norton Block, 186 and 188 S. Water street. 

Odd Fellow's Hall, 48 Clark street. 

Pomeroy's Building, 154 to 160 S. Water st. 

Portland Block, Dearborn, s e cor Washing- 
ton street. 

Post Office Building, e s Dearborn, bet Mad- 
ison and Monroe streets. 

Raymond Block, n w cor State and Madison 

Rice's Building, 75 to 81 Dearborn' street. 

Sherman's Block, Wabash av bet 12th and 
13th streets. 

Sherman House Block, n w cor Randolph 
and Clark streets. 

Son's Hall, W. Randolph, cor. Clinton street. 

Steel's Block, LaSalle, n w cor S. Water st. 

Taylor's Block, Franklin, n w cor S. Water 

Teutonia Hall, 233 and 235 Randolph street, 

Tremont House Block, Dearborn, cor Lake 
Ulich Block, N. Clark, cor Kinzie street. 
Walker's Block, w s Dearborn street, cor 
Couch pi. 

Warner's Block and Hall, 122 and 124 Ran- 
dolph street. 

Washington Block, w s Clark, bet Wash- 
ington and Madison streets. 

West Side Volks Halle, (People's Hall,) cor. 
Taylor and Morgan. 

Wheeler's Building, S. Water, s e cor Clark 

Witkowsky Hall, Clark, cor. Monroe street. 

Wood's Museum, n s Randolph, bet Clark 
and Dearborn streets. 


(See Railroad Department) 



Meets in October of each year. 


LAFAYETTE LODGE, No. 18. Meets at Ma- 
sonic Temple, Monday evenings. 

ORIENTAL LODGE, No. 33. Meets at Masonic 
Temple, Friday evenings. 

GARDEN CITY LODGE, No. 141. Meets at 
Masonic Temple, Wednesday evenings. 

WABANSIA LODGE, No. 160. Meets at Bla- 
ney Hall, Tuesday evenings. 

GERMANIA LODGE, No, 182. Meets at Ma- 
sonic Temple, Thursday evenings. 

WM. B. WARREN LODGE, No. 209. Meets at 
Masonic Temple, Tuesday evenings. 

CLEVELAND LODGE, No. 211. Meets at 80 
W. Randolph street, Thursday evenings, 

BLANEY LODGE, No. 271. 'Meets at Blaney 
Hall, Wednesday evenings. 

ACCORDIA LODGE, NG. 277. Meets at s. e. 
cor. W. Randolph and Clinton sts., 2d and 4th 
Friday evenings. 

ASHLAR LODGE, No. 308. Meets at Blaney 
Hall, Saturday evenings. 

DEARBORN LODGE, No. 310. Meets at the 
Orphan Asylum, Friday evenings. 

KILWINNING LODGE, No. 311. Meets at N. 
Dearborn, bet. N. Water and Kinzie sts., 
Thursday evenings. 

BLAIR LODGE, No. 393. Meets at Blaney 
Hall, Thursday evenings. 

LAFAYETTE CHAPTER, No. 2. Meets at Ma- 
sonic Temple, on Monday evenings. 

80 W. Randolph st-, on Friday evenings. 

Next meeting at Springfield Illinois, October, 

CHICAGO COUNCIL, No. 4. Meets at Masonic 
Temple, on first Saturday of each month. 

Meets at Chicago, on 4th Tuesday of October 
of each year. 

APOLLO COMMANDERY, No. 1 . Meets at Ma- 
sonic Temple, on Tuesday evenings. 


FECTION. Meets at Masonic Temple, 1st and 
3d Thursdays of every month. 

W. KIUIBALI,, Piano Fortes, Melodeons ami Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and ttetail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 





S. Meets at Masonic Temple, 4th Thursdays 
of February, April, June, August and October, 
and on the twenty-seventh day of December 
in each year. 


GRAND LODGE. Meets in Teutonia Hall. 

MYRON LODGE, No. 1. Meets in Teutonia 
Hall every Thursday evening. 

AURORA LODGE, No. 2. Meets in Teutonia 
Hall, every Friday evening. 

TUSNELE LODGE, No. 3. Meets every Satur- 
day evening, at Teutouia Hall. 

ACHMET LODGE, No. 4. Meets in Apollo 
Hall, every Monday evening. 


The annual sessions of the Grand Lodge are 
"held in September of each year. 

STAR OF HOPE LODGE, No. 15. Meets every 
Friday evening, in Methodist Church Block, 
cor. Clark and Washington sts. 

HOUSTON LODGE, ^No. 3?,. Meets every Mon- 
day evening, n. e. cor. Randolph and Clinton 

every Wednesday evening, s. e. cor. 'Wells 
and Indiana sts. 

DASHAWAY LODGE, No. 240. Meets every 
Tuesday evening, in the Lecture Room of Ed- 
ward's Church, n. \v. cor. of Halsted and Har- 
rison sts. 

EDWARD'S LODGE, No. 488. Meets every 
Saturday evening, at the corner of State st. 
and Ringgold place. 

BRIDGEPORT LODGE, No. 494. Meets every 
Tuesday evening, in Bridgeport. 

UNION DEGREE LODGE, No. 1. Meets every 
alternate Thursday evening, at the Hall on h*e 
cor. of N. Wells and Indiana sts. 


once in three months, at the Hall 76 and 78 
LaSalle st. 

CHICAGO LODGE No. 1. Meets every Mon- 
day evening. 

THOMAS PAINE LODGE, No. 2. Meets every 

FREIE MAENNER LODGE, No. 3. Meets every 
Wednesday evening. All meet at 76 and 78 
LaSalle street. 

SIGEL LODGE, No. 4. Meets every Saturday 

WASHINGTON LODGE, No. 5. Meets every 
Thursday evening. 


The annual session of the RIGHT WORTHY 
GRAND LODGE of the State of Illinois will be 
held in Chicago, on the second Tuesday of 
October, 1864. 

The annual session of the GRAND ENCAMP- 
MENT of Illinois will be held in Chicago, on the 
evening of the second Tuesday of October, 


UNION LODGE, No. 9. Meets at Odd Fel- 
lows' Hall, 48 Clark, Thursday evenings 

DUANE LODGE No. 11. Meets at Odd Fel- 
lows' Hall, 48 Clark, Tuesday evenings. 

EXCELSIOR LODGE, No. 22. Meets at Odd 
Fellows' Hall, 48 Clark, Wednesday evenings. 

CHICAGO LODGE, Xo. 55. Meets at 114 
Randolph, Monday evenings. 

ROBERT BLUM LODGE, No. 58, (German.) 
Meets at 114 Randolph, Tuesday evenings. 

FORT DEARBORN LODGE, No. 214. Meets at 
80 W. Randolph, Tuesday evenings. 

HARMONIA LODGE No. 221, (German.) 
Meets at n. e. cor. S. Clinton and W. Ran- 
dolph, Wednesday evenings. 

Odd Fellows' Hall, 48 Clark, on the first and 
third Friday evenings of each montlv 

Meets at Odd Fellows' Hall, 48 Clark, on first 
and third Mondays of each month. 


NORA LODGE, No. 1, R. H. K. Incorporated 
1863. Meets every Tuesday evening, in rooms 
3d floor, cor. Desplaines st. and Milwaukee av. 
Election annually, on third Tuesday in June. 


Frederick Busse, D. D. G. B. of Illinois. 

CHERUSKER LODGE, No. 45. Meets in Teu- 
tonia Hall, every Wednesday. 

TEUTONIA LODGE, No. 47. Meets in Apollo 
Hall, every Tuesday evening. 


Grand Grove of the State of Illinois at 

SCHILLER GROVE, No. 4. Meets every Sat- 
urday evening, cor. Clinton and Randolph. 

COLUMBIA GROVE, No. 5. Meets every 
Thursday evening, cor. Clinton and Randolph. 

GOETHE GROVE, No. 9. Meets every Monday 
evening, at Teutonia Hall, Randolph st. 

HUMBOLDT GROVE, No. 12. Meets every 
Tuesday, at Teutonia Hall, Randolph st. 

GARDEN CITY GROVE, No. 13. Meets every 
Friday, on LaSalle, opposite Court House. 

every fortnight, cor. Clinton and Randolph. 


American Baptist Home Missionary Society. 
Rev. James Olcott, Secretary. Office, 53 
LaSalle St. 

American Sunday School Union 122 Chest- 
nut St., Philadelphia. Chicago Depository, 
153 and 155 Lake st. Tomlinson Brothers, 
agents. Supt. Missions, Rev. W. Truax. 

American Tract Society, New York. Deposi- 
tary, Win. G. Holmes. Agent, C. M. Howard, 
District Secretary, Rev. Glen Wood, 170 
Clark St. 

Western Agency American Tract Society^ 
Boston. Office and Depository, 51 LaSalle St. 
Rev. G. S. F. Savage and Dr. L. Porter, Di- 
strict Secretaries. 


Sewinar OTachlneK, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
liitteuden, General Agent for 111., Wi*., Iowa, ITIiim. & N. Indiana. 





Chicago Academy of Sciences. Regular 
meetings held second Tuesday in each month ; 
The Society's Museum rooms (south east cor. 
Lake and Clark sts., 4th floor,) contain a large 
number of specimens illustrative of tjie Na- 
tional History of the North- West. President, 
Prof. F. Scammon. 

Chicago Association for the Support of the 
Ministry at Large. Office, 177 Randolph st. 
President, Rev. C. B. Thomas. 

Cliicago Bible Society. President, Philo. 

City Mission and Church Home. Incor- 
porated. Located at No. 96 North Franklin 
street, corner Indiana. Rev. E. B. Tuttle, 
Chaplain and City Missionary. The work of 
City Mission : 1. To vfsit and relieve the 
worthy poor. 2. To clothe the children of 
the poor, and to teach them to sew, and make 
garments for themselves. 4. To procure em- 
ployment for the destitute and the stranger. 
To carry on a Mission Sunday School and 
Free Church. 

Chicago Q-ruetli Association. Incorporated 
1857. Meets semi-monthly at German Hall 
No. 1. President, Martin Schrnutz. 

Chicago Historical Society. This Society 
was organized April 24th, 1856, with about 
twenty members, to prosecute Historical Col- 
lections for Illinois and the North-West, and 
for the foundation of a public library of a 
comprehensive character. The Society was 
chartered by the State, in 1857. Officers for 
1 864 : President, Walter L. Newbury ; Vice- 
Presidents, Hon. W. B. Ogden and J. Y. 
Scammon; Treasurer, G. F. Rumsey; Record- 
ing Secretary and Librarian, Rev. W. W. 
Barry; Corresponding Secretary, E. B. Mc- 
Cagg. The society numbers now fifty active 
members. The collections, amounting to over 
74,000, are located in Newberry's building, 
corner of N. Wells and Kinzie sts., daily open 
between 10 A. M. to 3 P. M. 

Chicago Law Institute. Incorporated Feb. 
18-th, 1857. Court House. The Library now 
contains four thousand volumes, and orders 
are out for complete sets of English and Ame- 
rican Reports which will in a short time be 

Chicago Turn- Gem,einde. Meets every Wed- 
nesday evening at their new hall on N. Clark 
st., above Ciiicago Av. President, F. Metzke. 

Chicago Sabbath School Union. Organized 
April 19th, 1859. Regular meeting first 
Tuesday of each month. Annual meeting 
Fourth Monday in May. 

Chicago Typographical Union JVo. 16. 
Meets on the last Saturday of each month, in 
Bryant & Stratton's Commercial College 
Rooms, Larmon Block. 

German Printers Union. Meets on first Sa- 
turday of each month at 49 La salle st. 
""** Chicago Workingmai's Association, (Arbeiter- 
Verein) meets every Monday evening, 56 S. 
Wells street. 

Cook County Agricultural Soeiely. Secre- 
tary, H. D. Emery. Office, 201 Lake street. 

Douglas Monument Association. Secretary, 
Leonard W. Yolk. Office on State corner 

Democratic Invincible Club. Regular Meet- 
ing held in Witkowski Hall. 

Fenian Brothcrhood.-^-M.eel every Tuesday 
and Friday, at their Hall, north-west corner 
of Wells and Randolph streets. 

Firemen's Benevolent Association. Associa- 
tion Rooms, Dearborn street, Engine House 
No. 1. Meets first Mondays in May, August, 
November and February. 

Grermania Bruederbund. Meets every Mon- 
day evening at 208 Blue Island avenue. 

Hebrew Ladies 1 Benevolent Association. Meets 
at Synagogue School Room, Wells street, cor. 
of Adams, first Sunday of every month. 

Hibernian Benevolent Society. Meets first 
Friday in each month, at 32 W. Randolph st. 
P. Nugent, Pres. 

Home of the Friendless. West side of Wa- 
bash avenue, between Old and Commerce sts. 
The object is to afford a Temporary home for 
worthy women and children, and to provide 
for them homes in the country. 

Illinois St. Andrew's Society. This Society 
is strictly charitable, established for the 
express purpose of assisting Scotchmen, wid- 
ows, and orphans in distress. 

Ladies City Mission. Office, Methodist 
Church Block, cor. Clark and Washington sts. 

Manufacturer's Association. Organized De" 
cember 23, 1862. Meets in rooms of Mercan* 
tile Association. Pres., A. D. Titsworth > 
Vice-Pres., P. W. Gates; Treas. J; W. Brown \ 
Sec., D. M. Ford. 

Mercantile Association of Chicago. Meets 
first Monday in each month in Room No. 15 
Dickey's Block, opposite Tremont House. 
John Tyrrell, Pres. ; Merrill Ladd, Sec. ; H. 
W. Hinsdale, Treas. 

Methodist Book Depository. Methodist 
Church Block, 66 Washington St., W. M. 
Donghty, Agent. 

S. B. Organization. Head-Quarters in 
Cobb's Building. 

Seamen's Mutual Benevolent Society. Sec., 
P. Maguire. Meets second Thurday in the 
month during season of navigation. Number 
of members 375. Rooms, 232 Lake st. 

Societe Franca'isc de Bienfaisance. This so- 
ciety's object is to administer comfort to 
needy Frenchmen and persons of French des- 

St. George's Benevolent Association. This 
Society meets on the first Monday of every 
month in Witkowsky Hall. Officers elected 

Svea Society. (Swedish.) A benevolent 
and literary Society, organized 1857. Meets 

r . W. K1MBALL, Piano Fortes, Melodeous and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 





first Saturday in each month. Rooms 111 
Kinzie st., Newbcrry Block, 

Swedish Lutluran Publication Society. Rev. 
T. N. Hasselquist, Galcsburg, Illinois, Chair- 
man Board of Directors ; Bookseller, J. Enj- 
berg ; Office, 192 Superior street. 

Untied Hebrew Relief Association. Meetings 
held every Sunday morning at office of Mc- 
Comas & Rosenthal, 38 La Salle st. 

United Sons of Erin Benevolent Society. 
Organized 1860. Incorporated 1863. Ifeets 
at 82 W. Randolph street, second Friday in 
each month. 

Young Men's Association. Rooms in Port- 
land Block, Dearborn st., cor. of Washington. 
Rooms open every day from 7 a. m. to 9 p. m. 
(Thursday evenings and Sunday excepted.) 
Officers elected annually. 

Young Men's Christian Association. Organ- 
ized March, 1858. Rooms, Methodist Church 
Block, S. E. corner of Clark and Washington 
streets. Officers elected annually. 

Hebrew Benevolent Society. B. Schoenmann? 
Pres. Meets afternoon of first Sunday in 
each month. 

Relief Society No. I. Relief Society No. 2. 

Ladies' Benevolent Society. Meetings held 
on second Sunday of each month at Mohr's 

Young Ladies' Benevolent Society. Wm. G. 
Foreman and Miss S. Solomon, K. A. M., M. 
M. Gerstley, K. B. S., L. Harris. 

Sinai Congregation. J. M. Stine, Pres. 


German TJwatre, at German Hall, corner N. 
Wells and Indiana streets; C. F. Bonnett, 

Me Ticker's New QJiicago Theatre, Proprietor, 
J. H. McVicker; Madison street, between 
State and Dearborn. This magnificent edifice 
was erected at a cost of $85,000. 

Arlington, Leon $ Donniker's Minstrels, s- 
s. Washington st., bet. Dearborn and Clark. 

Varieties, e. s. Dearborn st., between Wash' 
ington and Madison. 

Wood's Museum, n. s. Randolph st., between 
Clark and Dearborn sts. 


Abstract of Titles. 

Chase Brothers, 46 LaSalle. 


(Fernando J. and R. W. Smith,) 119 


Room 10, Larmon block. 

Abstract Makers 


Having a complete set of Books giving the- 
history of the title to every piece of land in 
Chicago and Cook County, with all incum- 
brances, whether by judgment, tax sale, or 
otherwise, we are prepared to furnish Ab- 
stracts or any information of title to Real 
Estate, or judgments in any of the Courts, at 
Reasonable Rates. 

Conveyancer, Notary Public, etc. AWyat Law. 

Fernando Jones is the well known ex-Alderman and 
Supervisor, he has resided here since the speculating 
era of 1836, and is the son of Wm. Jones, Esq. one of 
our oldest citizens and heaviest property holders. R. 
W. Smith, the other member of the firm, is a prominent 
lawyer, and member of the last Legislature from Rock 
Island, who has been long engaged in real estate matters 
and commercial collections. 

Agencies, Commercial. 

Bradstreet J. M. & Son, room 3 McCormick r s 

Dunn R. G. & Co., (R. G. D. and Robert R. 

Boyd,) 96 Randolph. 
Tappen, McKillop & Co., (Wm. B. Pierce, 

and Wm. Baker, resident partners,) 47 


Agents, Advertising. 


128 and 130 Clark. 


P. 0. Box 4384. 
O'Donoghue J. J. W., 51 Clark. 
Scriven C. H., 63 Dearborn. 
Spencer William S., 55 Clark. 
Taylor Joseph R., 128 Clark. 

Agents, Collecting. 

Baird & Bradley, (Lyman B. and Francis B.,) 

162 Lake. 

Baldwin Herman, 112 Dearborn. 
Busgess John S., 128 Lake. 
Conley Philip & Co., 17 Clark. 
Eschenburg J. W., 38 LaSalle. 
Homer Cook & Co., room 12 and 13, Dickey's 


A; WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Geo. R. Chittenden, General Agent for 111., AVi*., loAva, L'limi. & N. Indiana. 





Hoyne Philip A., Custom House bldg. 
Pearsons D. K., 118 Randolph. 
Pierce William B. & Co., 47 State. 
Strauss Samuel, 3 Larmon blk. 

Agent, Commercial. 

Miller James, 79 Dearborn. 

Agents, Commission. 

Bradley E., 229, S. Water. 

Davison Benjamin F., 4 Wheeler's bldg. 

Agents, Freight, 

See also Forwarding and Commission. 
Chapin John B., 4 Pardee's bldg. 
Clark & Co., Dearborn, cor. Randolph. 
Forsythe Jacob, 154f S. Water. 
Nottingham Jerry, 7 Tremont blk. 


Foot N. Dearborn. 

Agents, General. 


Agts. Aikens' Knitting Machine, 120 Lake 
Dunbar George & Co., 19 Dearborn. 
Dunham J. H., 81 and 83 S. Water. 
Leckie & Sellars, 13 LaSalle. 

Agents, House. 

Beal Madison, 214 Randolph. 
Holmes C J2., 59 W. Randolph. 


20 N. Clark. 
Lind Sylvester, 6 Land's Block. 


2 Lind's Block. 

Sampson William H., 3 Metropolitan Block. 
Young & Springer, 2 Metropolitan Block. 

Agents, Immigration. 


38 LaSalle. 
Greenbaum Bros., 156 Lake. 


29 Market. (See advt., p. xxviii.) 

Agents, Insurance. 

Atwater S. T., 2 Dole's Building. 
Baker George, 148 S. Water. 
Boone L. D., 106 Randolph. 
Bruce E. K., 148 S. Water. 
Bryant Edwin W., 126 Dearborn. 


47 Clark. 

Davison B. F., 1 Clark, cor. S. Water. 
Frisbie Augustus, 9 Larmon Block. 

Hall Lambert C., 160 S. Water. 
Hatch Mansfield, 126 Dearborn. 
Higginson & James, 1 Clark. 


4 Dole's building. 

Hubbard & Hunt, (Gordon S. H. and Charles 
H. H.,) 1 Loomis' building. 


9 Board of Trade block. 


Kingsbury block. 
Lacey T. B., 1 Loomis' building. 


(T, L. M. and H. B. W.,) 150 S. Water. 


(S. S. M. and John H. S.,) 162 Lake. 


Over Six Million Dollars 


Insurance Company 

to the Insured during the last eighteen years 
of any Company in the WORLD. 

The result of the most economical manage- 
ment and largest dumber of Policies of any 
other Company. 


(Successors to Ins. business of L. D. OLMSTED & CO.,) 
General Agents. 

Olcott & Boyd, 2 Clark. 


Genl. ngt. Security Fire Ins. Co., No. 
Clark st. 
Phillips B. W., n. e. cor. Lake and Clark. 

W. W. KTKEBAL.Ii. Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 L,ake Street, Chicago, 111. 





Rolla Wm. E., 6 Clark. 

Steele A. J., 1 Metropolitan block. 

Wilder t. C., 66 Clark. 

Agents, Land. 


114 Randolph. 


Office 12, 162 Lake; res. Clark Station, 
P., F. W. & C. R. R.; P. 0. Box 95. 


71 Dearborn. 

Chicago Real Estate Agency, 



S. H. Kerfoot & Go., 

71 Dearborn Street. 

Chicago City Real Estate 

Will be especially attended to. 

And having at a heavy expense provided for 
their own office an Atlas of the whole City of 
Chicago, and this being the only one of the 
kind, they are specially prepared to furnish 
information regarding size and location of lots 
and blocks in and around the City. 

Money Loaned at Ten Per Cent, 

On Good Paying Property and Clear Titles. 


Land Department 111. Central R. R. Office, 
Great Union Depot. 


(William B. 0., Mahlon D. 0., Edwin H. 
Sheldon and Stanly H. F.,) 32 and 34 
Western Land Agency, 189 Lake. 

Agents, Life Insurance. 


126| Dearborn. 

Agents, Loan, 

Baird & Bradley, 162 Lake. 
Pearson D. K., 118 Randolph. 

Agents, Manufacturers'. 

Adams H. W. & Hitchcock, 

(H. W. A. and Charles H.,) 63 and 65 S. 


20 Lake. 


(Charles H. M. and J. B. S.) 47 State, up 

RICE & GO,, 

157 Dearborn. 
Smith & Tanner, (0. A. S. and Warren T.,) 

86 Washington. 
Whipple R. M. & Co., 226 and 228 Lake. (See 

adv. p. xxv.) 
Whitehead Wm. H., 242 Lake and 263 S. 


Agents, Passage. 

See also Forwarding Transportation. 


38 LaSalle. 


Foreign Passage office, 63 S. Clark. 
Whitney George C., 6 Clark. 

Agents, Passport. 


38 LaSalle. (See adv. under Passenger 

Agents, Patent. 

Rice & Co., 157 Dearborn. 

Agents, Pension. 

Boyden Jas. W., 13 Telegraph bldg. 

Agents, Publishing. 

Cottle Walter P., 117 Clark. 
Griffiths 0. J., 128 Clark. 


88 Lake. 


Room 2, 81 Clark. 


88 Washington. 
Savage G. S. F., 53 LaSalle. 
Treat E. B., 10 Calhoun bldg., 119 Clark. 
Whidden John X., 7 Mejhodist Church bldg. 

1 ^? ^j^SON'S .Sewing Ulachiues, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 
. Chitteudeu, General A gent for 111., Wi*., Iowa, Minn. & N. IiulTana. 





Agents, Rail Road. 

Fogg Samuel L., 36 Clark. 

Forsyth Jacob, 154} S. Water. 

Lock Edward A., 36 Clark. 

Moore Joseph, cor. Clark and Randolph. 


Foot of X. Dearborn. 



Spanieling' Express 




Canal Line. 

Office, Warehouses and Docks, 


Agents, Real Estate. 

See also Agents Land, and Real Estate Brokers 

and Dealers. 
Adams & Springer, nw. cor. Dearborn and 


Averell Albert J., Metropolitan blk. 
Baldwin F., 104 Randolph. 
Benson F. II., Kingsbury blk. 


44 LaSalle. 

Boone R. G., 119 S. Clark. 

Byrd Geo. V., 101 Dearborn. 

Chambers B. B M 121 Lake. 

Clayton Charles W., 868 State. 

Conley Philip, 17 Clark. 

Dickinson James A., 93 Washington. 

Gage Asahel, room 1, up stairg, nw. cor Madi- 
son and Dearborn. 

Galloway A. J., 189 Lake. 

Gehr Samuel, 114 Dearborn. 

Hansbrough William, 106 Randolph. 


Metropolitan blk. 
High Geo. M., 81 Clark. 
Hill John, 66 Monroe. 
Hitt J. R. & Co., (Isaac R. II. and Seth W- 

Hardin, jr.,) 65 Clark. 
Hoyne Philip, Custom House bldg. 
Iglehart N. P. & Co., (N. P. and N. J. I.,) 48 

Johnston William S., 3 Ulich's blk. 


71 Dearborn. 


20 N. Clark. 

Lane Ebenezer S., room 1, 87 Washington. 
Lawson Iver, 10 Ewing's blk. 
Lee J. L., 66 Clark. 
Lyman Thomas, 8 Portland blk. 


2 Lind's blk- 


(James G. M. and John H. K.,) No. 8 

Kingsbury blk. 

Mappa Charles W., 7 Masonic Temple. 
Marshall James A., Kingsbury blk. 
Ogden, Fleetwood & Co., Clark, s. w. cor. Lake. 
Olinger John P.. 43 Clark. 
Otis L. B. & Co., room 1, 87 Washington. 
Pearce Myron L., 173 State. 


Room 6, 99 Clark. 

Kingland Henry W.. Kingsbury blk. 
Sargent Samuel A., 4 Metropolitan blk. 
Shimp Peter, 167 State. 


(Joseph F. S. and Amos F. T.,) Kings- 
bury block, 



Mortgage Notes Discounted. 

Attention Paid to Renting, Collecting Rents, 
and Paying Taxes for Non-Residents. 

Real Estate Bought and Sold on Commission. 

Office Room "No. 7 Kings- 
bury Block. 

P. 0. BOX 8165. 

Straus, Samuel, 3 Larmon block. 
Taylor W. E. & Co., 225 W. Randolph. 
Wright & Tyrrell, No. 5 Metropolitan block. 
Young & Springer, 2 Metropolitan block. 

W. K IHK \ I L. Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 14* Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 





Agents, Shipping, 

Wyman John C., 160 S. Water. 
Emory F. A., 66 Clark. 



Buffalo, Cleveland and CMcap 


Running in connection, at Buffalo, with 

New York Central Railroad, 

Spaulding's and Union Express Lines Troy 
and Erie and American Transportation 
o and Transit Company's Lines 
on the Erie Canal, 

And at Cleveland, with Cleveland and Pitts- 
burgh Railroad. 


Foot of North Dearborn St., 

Adjoining Galena and Chicago Union 
K. R. Freight Depots, 

O H I C -A. Gh O. 


Agents, Steamboats. 

Goodrich A. E., 18 and 20 River. 
Rowe Samuel, 24 S. Water. 

Agents, Ticket. 

Barlow H. S., 66 Clark. 

Bradley Lucien, 12 S. Water. 

Green John H., 15.N. Wells. 

Holliday Adam, 96 Randolph. 

Paige John T., 24 S. Water. 

Rowe S. 24 S. Water. 

Wentworth H. C., M. C. R. R., Lake, s. 

cor. Dearborn. 
Whitney G. C., 6 Clark. 

Agents, Transportation. 

HOWE, F. A., Jr., 

I. C. R. R. dock. 
Richmond & Hancock, foot of N. Dearborn. 

Agents, Vessel. 

Bradley Charles, 1 Pomeroy building 
Chapiu John P., 4, Pardee's building.' 
Clumow James, 7 Steel's block. 

Dickinson Edward ,10 Norton block. 
Egan W. M. & Co., 162 S. Water. 
Gibson & Chase, 9 Dole's building. 
Goodnow Win. H., 156 S. Water. 
Kelley Edward, 4 Dole's building. 
Kirkpatrick T. T. S., 1 Pomeroy's building. 
Magill & Latlmm, S. Water, cor. Wells. 
Wyman John C., 160 S. Water. 
Parker Thomas, 7 Steel's block. 
Pratt Silas, 4 Norton block. 

Agents, War Claims. 


n. w. cor. Dearborn and Madison. 


93 Washington. 


38 LaSalle at. (See card, under Passage 

Homer, Cook & Co., rooms 12 and 13 Dickey's 

Knickerbocker J . A., 14 Metropolitan blk. 


Room 6, Larmon block. 






No. 65 Clark Street, 

(Opposite Sherman Houae,) CHICAGO, EL. 

War Claim Department. 

The following character of claims prose- 
cuted, adjusted and collected : 

Pension, Government Bounty, State Bounty, 
County Bounty, Town Bounty, Arrears of Pay, 
Extra Duty Pay and Commutation of Rations 
while on furlough, or while prisoners of war, 
due any officer, soldier or their heirs, Pay for 
Horses and Clothing lost in battle. Bounty and 
Prize Money due Seamen or their heirs, and 
Pension Money collected in any State ; Second 
Auditor's Warrants, Recruiting Certificates, 
Officers' Accounts and Government Vouchers 
negotiated and cashed. All Just Claims pro- 
secuted before any of the Departments or 
Court of Claims. 

Real Estate Department. 

Farms and unimproved land for sale in all 
North-Western States ; Residences and Busi- 
ness Property in Chicago. Land Warrants 
bought, sold and located. Abstracts of Title 
examined. Taxes paid for Non -Residents. 

Homer, Cook & Co., 12 and 13, Dickey's bldg. 
Leavitt & Wright, tJ5 Clark. 
Morse Daniel S., 18 Metro. K>!it;in block. 
Simmons C. E., 13 Diukev's i 


fceu. It. 

ifi ^V? 1 '* /^* *wing> JHachiut**, JOG Lake Street, Chicago. I1J- 
en, fe<>4i] Jiu A^iut lor l|j., VVL-,,, lu. a, I'Jinu, k t i>. ilnUiniia. 






48 Clark. 

Agricultural Implements. 

Austin Henry W., agt. 221 and 223 S. Water. 

Agricultural Implement Manu- 


41 and 43 S. Canal. 
Easter & Gammon, (John D. E. and E. H. G.,) 

46^and 48 W. Lake. (See advt., p. xxi.) 
Fielding William & Co., (Win. F., A. Ridell 

and James Hollingsworth,) 56 and 58 W. 

Lake. (See advt., p. xi.) 


(Conrad F. and David B.,) 56 and 58 N. 

Pitts H. A. & Co., 108 W. Randolph. 
Randall R. J. & Bro., 153 Dearborn. 
Richardson Edwin, 36 S. Water. 


190 and 192 Washington. 


233 Lake. 


52 and 54 W. Lake. 
Vaughan Richard F., 240 Lake. 


206 Lake st. 


467, 469 and 451 Clark. 


Manufacturers of all kinds of 

Agricultural Implt's 

Amongst which are their 


And their Patent Premium Sulky 


Plows, Horse Hoes, Single and Double Shovel 

Plows, Wheel Coulters, Harrows, Re- 

volving Hay Rakes, Road Scrapers, 

Straw Cutters, &c. Also 

Railroad, Garden, Wood and Coal 




56 & 58 N, Jefferson St., 



235 Randolph. 
Hart & Hamilton, (Henry F. H. and Henry E. 

H.,) 39 S. Canal. 
Hunt E. & Son, 84 Lake. 

Kretsinger & Starrett, 

(John H. K, and Charles S.,) 197 Lake. 
(See; advt., p. xxi.) 

Agricutural Warehouses. 

Emery A. T., 204 Lake. 

Hooker & Jones, (John W. H. and Nathaniel 
A. J.,) 107 Lake. 


194 Lake. 

Alarm Bells and Gongs. 

Jesup, Kennedy & Co., 11-and 13 Wells. 

Alcohol and Pure Spirits Manu- 

Castle C. W. & Co., 155 Dearborn. 
Croskey A. F., 51 and 53 S. Water. (See 
advt. on back cover.) 


18 S. Water. 


167 S. Water. 

Merrill & Co., 303 and 305 Michigan. 
Shufeldt H. H., 69 S. Water. 


122 Clark. 
Wood Thomas R. & Co., 175 Randolph. 

Ale, Porter and Cider Bottlers. 

Cordes G., 174 and 176 Illinois. 
Footner William, 54 Dearborn. 


W. Randolph, cor. Pcoria. 
Johnson Edward & Co., 141 N. Water. 
Keeley Michael, 281 Canal. 
Schrceder Theodore, N. Clark, bet Ohio and 


Amusements, Places of. 


Arlington, Kelly, Leon and .Donniker's 
Minstrel?, Washington, bet. Clark and 


L, Piano Fortes. -WEelodeons and larloi 
uud ttelaii, 142 Lake Street, I liica^o, lil. 

. IsolesaJc 






Ulich's Block. 
German Theatre, N. Wells, cor. Indiana. 

Ken in's MeloAeon Concert Hall, 

116 Dearborn. 

MeVita's Chicago Theatre, 

Madison, bet. Dearborn and State. 


Randolph, bet. Clark and Dearborn. 
First-class dramatic performances every 
evening and Saturday afternoon. 
Variety Theatre, 115 and 117 Dearborn. 



77 Dearborn St., 


Bauer Augustus, 53 LaSalle. 


State, cor. Randolph. 
Burling Edward, 50 Dearborn. 
CARTER ASHER, 97 Washington. 
Carter W. H., 46 Van Buren. 
Dixon Laban B., 15 Portland block. 
Johnson W. V., 418 State. 
Nicholson P. A., 334 State. 


20 Portland block. (See advt. 

Schmid Robert, 114 Dearborn. 
VanOsdel John M., 8 Masonic Temple. 
Wadskier Theodore A., 126 Dearborn. 
Wheelock Otis L., 77 Dearborn. 


Architects of Mill and Machine 


Washington cor. W. Water. (See advt. 
page V.) 

Architectural Iron Works. 

Bolter A., 55 and 57 W. Washington. 

Art Gallery, (Decorative.) 

Decorative Art Gallery. 

136 Clark. 

Artificial Eyes. 


202 Randolph. 

Artificial Flowers. 

(See also Millinery Goods.) 
Goureau Jules, 240 Clark. 
Poncelet Adele, 217 Indiana. 

Artificial Limbs. 


126 Clark. 


(See also Portrait Painters.) 
Bigelow Daniel F., 126 Dearborn, 
Cameron Kate Miss, 22 Telegraph bldg. 
Deakin Edwin, 131 Lake. 
Drury J. H., room 10, 89 Washington. 
Forbes James, 17 Garrett blk. 
Ford H. C., 18 Cobb's bldg. 
Highwood C., 59 Clark. 
Reed P. F., 8 McCormick's bldg. 
St. John S. H. Mrs., 21 Telegraph bldg. 
Stewart & Shearm, (Miss M. L. Stewart and 
Miss C. C. Shearm,) 155 Lake. 

VI II i.i.i. i: it <v WILSON'S Sewing machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Geo. R. Cliittendeit, General A^eiit for III.. \VI*.,Iowa, IHinn. & N. Indiana. 





Artists' Materials. 

Jevne & Almini, 101 Washington. 


Marriner & Fish, P. 0. Bos, 8717. 

Attorneys at Law. 

(See Lawyers.) 

Auction and Commission Mer- 

Alexander Hugh, 

109 Dearborn. 
Bates John, 221 Madison. 

Butters William A, & Co., 

(William A. B., Isaac Hill Butters, and 
W. Henry Butters,) 103, 105 and 107 





103, 105 and 107 Dearborn Sti 

The most spacious salesrooms, and the bes 
adapted for the display of all kinds of Mer- 
chandise in the West. 

Particular attention will be given to the 
Sale of Household Goods, at private dwellings, 
and at our Salesrooms. 

Regular Sales of Dry Goods, 
Boots and Shoes, and House- 
hold Goods Every Day. 

Liberal Cash Advances made on all 
kinds of Merchandise. 

Gilbert & Sampson, 44, 46 and 48 Dearborn. 

Hickox Philander, 224 Lake. 

Home, Russel & Co., (D. H. H., and E. H. 

R.,) 122 Dearborn. 
Jessel E. A. & Co., (E. A. J., and G. A. 

Jessel,) 110 Randolph. 
Nickerson Solon, 224 Lake. 
Rankin & Leibenstein, 117 Randolph. 
Smith Peter, 75 Clark. 

Awnings, Tents, etc, 

Brittan & Mittman, 360 Clark. 

Gilbert Hubbard & Co,, 

205 and 207 S. Water. 

Pnriniton & Scranton, 

205 and 207 S. Water. 

Axle Grease. 


122 Clark. 

Heeler & Bayless, 

18 Dearborn. 

Axles and Springs. 


28 River. 

Bag Manufacturers. 


(Joseph B. Hart, William B. Asten, N. Y. 
city, B. E. Clark, N. Y. city, G. W. Good- 
hue, N. Y. city,) 157 S. Water. 


(Nehemiah Hawkins, John E. Chapman,) 




(Suecesors to Simeon Farwell.) 


Dealers in 



Furnished at the lowest market prices. 

Being directly connected with Messrs. H. A L. CHASR 
of Boston, who have always maintained a high reputa- 
tion for quality of goods, we offer especial inducements 
to millers. 

Particular attention given to the printing of flour sacks, 


A large stock constantly on hand. 

139 S. Water St. 

W. W. K1JTIB ALL, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 







Andrus, W. E., 303 State. 

Andrus W. H., 413 State. 

Blanchard, J. J. 138 N. Clark. 

Bromley William, 201, VanBuren. 

Burckey Frederick, 86 Wells. 

Dunk Robert, 168 Madison and 17 Clark. 

Button William, 319 Clark. 

Grossman Ludwick, 515 State. 

Harris John T., 25 9S. Desplaines. 

Martens J. A., 49 N. Clark. 

Page G. W., 254 W. Madison. 

Schmidt Joseph, 146 W. Harrison. 

Spear H. S., 83 State. 

Smith & Betcher, 153 W. Randolph. 

Tebbets Charles, 194 N. Clark. 

Woodman C. L., 195 Illinois. 

Bakeries, Steam. 

Clap Mechanical Bakery, 

N. Clinton, bet. Lake and Randolph. De- 
pots 91 S. Water, 138 N. Clark and 254 
Kendall's 0., 114 Dearborn, and 483 State. 


206 Randolph. 

Baking Powders. 

Bishoprick's Infallible Baking Boeder, J. B, 
Toland, agt., 100 Washington. 


Vaas & Dean's, 47 Clark. 

Bank Note Detectors. 

McElroy Solon, 82 Dearborn. 
Ellis J. A. & Co., 24 Clark. 

Bank Vaults and Safes. 


F. Letz, propreitor. 
Herring & Co., 40 State. (See advt. inside 

front cover.) 
Winne A. L., 58 Dearborn. (See card.) 


Adams F. G., 44 Clark. 

Adsit J. M., 39 Clark. 

Alexander L. E., 8 Clark. 

Badger A. C., & Co., (A. C. B., and 0. F. B.,) 

e. B. Dearborn, bet Lake and Randolph. 
Blair C. B., 36 and 38 Clark. 
Boyd James, 38 Clark. 


47 Clark. 

Coolbaugh W. F. & Co., Lake cor. LaSalle. 
Doolittle H., 40 Clark. 

Ellis J. Alder & Co.. 128 Lake. 
Greenebaum Henry, 158 Lake. 
McElroy Solon, 82 Dearborn. 
Marc & Hertel, (Nicholas M. and Frederick 
H.,) Randolph, cor. LaSalle. 


34 Clark. 


63 Clark. 
Meadowcroft, R., 22 Clark. 


131 Randolph. 

Parks C. C. & Co., (Calvin C. P.. and George 
M. Gray,) 95 Lake. 

Preston, fillarfl & Keen, 

(David P., Detroit, Mich., J. F. W., and 
S. A.JL,) 1 Clark, cor S. Water. 






Rogers, W. B., 48 Clark. 


(Joseph 0. R., William F. E.,) cor Lake 

and Clark. 
Ruxton & Co., 37 Clark. 
Scammon J. Young, Marine Bank bldg. 
Silverman Lazarus, 50 LaSalle. 
Smith George C. & Bro., (George C. and Chaa 

M.,) 42 Clark. 

Snjflacte & Co., 

cor. basement Metropolitan blk. 

cStfe^dJi' S ? N ' S S T ing WcWnN 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Chlttenden, General Agent for 111., Wls., Iowa, Minn. & N. Indiana. 





Sturges' Sons Solomon, (Shelton, Bucking- 
ham, Albert, George, Frank,) 15 and 17 

Tyler, Belden & Co., (James E. T., Charles W. 
B., John H. Wrenn, J. J. Ullmann,) cor. 
Lake and Clark. 

Wiley Bros. & Co., (C. V. and B. B. W.,) 157 


Bank of Montreal, E. W. Willard, agt., 44 & 
46 LaSalle. 

First National Bank of Chicago, 

s. w. cor. Lake and Clark. 
Marine Bank of Chicago, 166 and 158 Lake. 
Merchant's Savings, Loan and Trust Co., Lake, 

8. w. cor, Dearborn. 

Third National Bail of Chicap, 

s. e. cor. Dearborn and Randolph. Desig- 
nated as a depositary and financial agent 
of the United States. Ira Holmes, Cash. 
Western Marine and Fire Insurance Co., State, 
cor. Randolph. 

Banks, for Saving. 

Illinois Savings Institution, 

104 and 106 Washington. 
Mechanic's Savings Bank, 8 Clark. 
Merchants Farmers and Mechanics, 52 Clark. 


See also Hairdressers. 

Becker Jacob, 65 Clark. 

Daush Peter, 25 N. Clark. 

Delight E. M., nw. cor. Lake and Clark. 

Donaire E. N., 183 Randolph. 

Guth J. B., 54 Clark. 

Ingersoll G. M M 42 Dearborn. 

Moos P., 58 LaSalle. 

Ribolla Alexander, 62 Dearborn. 

Sherman House Hairdressing Saloon, W. A, 

Hettich, propr., 135 Randolph. 
Warner John, 60 Clark. 


Foster James jr. & Co., 

46 Clark. 

Basket Makers and Dealers, 

Stenz Antoine, North av., nr. Sedgwick. 


104 Lake. 
Videbarg Robert, 412 State. 

Bathing Aparatus. 

Delight A. N., Lake, sw. cor. Clark. 
Douaire N. B., under Briggs House. 

Baths, Medical and Sulphur. 

Greer Robert, 185 Madison. 

Bed and Mattrass Makers. 

See also Upholsterers- 


(James D. and Charles G.,) 235 Lake 


70 Lake. 

Hale Albert L. & Bro., 9 and 11 N. Canal. 
Marsh V. B., 115 N. Canal. 


203 Randolph. 


101 Lake. 

Tobey Chas. Bro., 82 Lake. 
West Joseph, 111 Lake. 

Bedsteads, Cot and Camp. 

Washburn & Co., Beach, cor. Mather. 

Bedstead Manufacturers. 

Hale Albert L. & Bro., 9 and 11 N. Canal. 

PEEK W. H,, 

171 Randolph. 


254 Milwaukee av. 


203 Randolph. 

Bell Founder. 

Jenpch F. A., 105 Wells. 

Bell Hangers. 

See also Locksmiths. 


108 Randolph. 
Held Jacob, 53 Franklin. 
Orne & Butler, 160 Clark. 

Bellows Manufacturer. 

Gallely Michal, 90 Kinzie. 

Belting and Hose, Leather and 
India Rubber. 

Chicago Belting Manufactory, W. H. Whit- 
marsh, propr., 196 Lake. 

r, W, KirHBALL, Piano Fortes, OTelodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 take Street, Chicago, 111, 





Belting and Hose, Leather and 
India Rubber. 



No. 196 LAKE ST., [up stairs,] 

Patent StretcM Leather Beltii 


Calf and Calcutta Lace Leather, 
Belt Hooks, Copper Rivets, 
Cement, etc. 

These Belts are offered to the public as 
being made of the best quality Slaughter 
Leather, and stretched on new and improved 
patent and powerful Machines. 


19 and 21 Dearborn. 


Agts. for the Boston Belting Co., 11 and 
18 Wells. 


Washington, cor. W. Water. 

Wall! firth, EM & Co., 

225 Lake. 

Berlin Wools and Yarn. 

(George M. S. and Thomas B.,) 41 and 
43 LaSalle. 

Billiard Saloons. 

(J. M., Joseph and Emanuel,) 48, 50, 52 
and 54 LaSalle, under Metropolitan Hall. 
(See adv. p. xxx and opposite page.) 

Doty H. C., 74 and 76 Randolph. 

Field Otis 79 Dearborn. 

Hoffman F., 42 N. Clark. 

Keller George, 40 N. Clark. 

Manseur George B., 38 N. Clark. 

Billiard Table Manufacturers. 

(J. M., Joseph and Emanuel,) 48, 50, 52 
and 54 LaSalle, under Metropolitan Hall, 
(See adv. p. xxx and opposite page.) 

Bird Cages. 

39, 41, 43 and 45 State. 

MILLER A. R. & G. H. 

235 and 237 State. 

Bird Fanciers, 

Davis John, 107 W. Randolph. 

Kaempfer Fred, 

113 Mandison. 

Bitters Manufacturers. 

Kinch J. A., 163 Wells. 

Blacking, Liquid and Paste, 


47 State, up stairs. 

Blacking Manufacturer, 

Nash Henry, 107 Milwaukee av. 


See also Horse Shoers ; also Wagon Makers. 
Bectin & McKay, 24 Kinzie. 
Binder Henry, 340 S. Canal. 
Bourke Henry, 98 W. Lake. 
Brandt Henry, 323 Milwaukee. 
Bridell J., Hubbard, bet. Leavitt and Hoym 
Burderback Peter, 292 State. 


47 and 49 N. Wells. (See adv. p. xxi.) 
Clay Geo. A., Canalport, bet. Union and Jei 


Collins Patrick, 503 Clark. 
Drauzburg Robert, 264 Chicago ave. 
Eaton William, 259 Kinzie. 
Fisher Jacob, Canal, bet. Maxwell and Judc 
Fleck Jacob, 224 Huron. 
Hanlon Edward, 74 Michigan. 
Hannis George W., 97 Kinzie. 
Held Auguste, 122 Wells. 
Hosher George, 106 Desplaines. 
Hunt & Quigley (William Hunt and Job 

Quigley), 51 N. Clark. 

Klein Peter, Lake, bet. Hoyne and Leavitt. 
Koplin August, 143 Archer road. 
Kraper Ludwig, State, near 18th. 
Kuhl & Preuss, 23 Milwaukee ave. 
Kuhnen Nicholas, N. Clark, cor. Chicago ave 
Kuntzman C. A., 229 State. 
Ludes Michael, Wells, cor. North ave. 

WHEKILEK & WILSON'S So win- Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111 
Geo. R. Cbittenden, General Agent for 111., wis., Iowa. Minn. & N. Indiana. 





McClelland Hugh, 448 State. 

McKeown & Quayle, 32 Kiuzie. 

McNurry & Kehoe, 16 Wolcott. 

McRoberts John, 74 Polk. 

McSweeney Thomas, 183 W. Randolph. 

Michael Frederick, 144 Milwaukee ave. 

Mooney Michael, 456 State. 

Murphy & Kerwin, Desplaines, cor. W. Van 


Murray & Collins, 41 W. Randolph. 
Nolan Patrick, 223 Canal. 
O'Callaghan B. M., 292 N. Water. 
Perry William, 471 Clark. 
Pollock Thomas, 259 Kinzie. 
Redmond James A., 69 W. Lake. 
Schmidt George H. T., Wells, nr. Schiller. 
Scholz G., 190 Van Buren. 
Schrader August, 92 4th ave. 
Scully Thomas, 239 Wells. 
Sweedman, 101 Indiana. 
Tear John, 37 Kinzie. 
Thein Nicholas, 243 N. Canal. 
Therren John, 145 Quincy. 
Turner John, 79 W. Washington. 
Wagner & Reis (Jacob Wagner and Valentine 

Reis), 293 W. Polk. 

Blank Book Manufacturers. 

See also Book Binders. 
Culver, Page & Hoyne, 128 and 130 Lake. 
Dean & Smeal, 148 Lake. 
Jones & Small, 122 Lake. 


196 Lake. 

BM Booh, ijtin Paper, 


- AND - 



Printers, Lithog-raphers 

- AND - 


196 Lake St., near Wells, 

Conger & Field's American Writing Fluid. 

Banker's Drafts and Checks 


Copying Presses, Seal Presses,&c 

Orders by mail receive prompt attention. 

Munson, Skinner & Co., (Francis M. and E. S. 
S.), 140 Lake. 


63 Clark. 


McCormick's Building, cor. Randolph and 
Wilson W. J., 46 State. 

Bleachers and Pressers. 

Hewes D. A., 143 Lake. 
Palmer Robert, 89 N. Clark. 
Yerbury William, 208 Clark. 

Block Letter Manufacturer. 

Beckert Leopold, 46 Wells. (See advt. p. xxi.) 

Block and Pump Makers. 

Rowland G. E., 13 N. Wells. 
Scrauton & Bro., 117 N. Water. 
Sivertson, Meyers & Co., (John B. S. and 
Joseph M.'M.) 175 S. Water. 

Boats to Let. 

Lemum Edward and John H., foot of Wash- 

Boat and Yawl Builders. 

(See also Ship Builders; also Ship Carpenters.) 

Benjamin Myron F., Central wharf N. Branch. 
Cuson Mitch'el, N. Water, near Wells. 

Boat Lamps. 

122 Clark. 

Boiler Flues, Lap Welded. 

Walworth, Hubbard & Co., 

225 Lake. 

Boiler Iron and Rivets. 

Dunbar George & Co,, 

19 Dearborn. 
Hale & Ayer, 16 and 18 Wells. 

Walworth, Hubbard & Co,, 

225 Lake. 

Boiler Makers, Steam. 

(See aho Machinists.) 


Market, near Van Buren. 


W. Polk, bet. Canal and Clinton. 


W. KOIBALL. Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 L,ake Street, Chicago, 111, 






Elmes & Webster, propr., Clinton, corner 

Eagle Works Manufacturing Co., Washington, 

corner Canal. 
Empire Works. Mary Smith, propr'ss, 37* N. 

Franklin. (See adv. page xxi.) 


C. Mason, prop'r, Clinton, cor. Carroll. 
Goldsworthy E., 25 W. Polk. 

REISIG- C. & CO., 

8, 10 and 12 W. Jackson. 


Clinton st., bet. Fulton and Carrol. 
Steinmetz S. & Co., (Samuel S. and G. E, 
Buschick), 85 Michigan st. 

Walworth, Hubbard & Co,, 

225 Lake street. See adv'tp. iv. 


467 Clark street. 

Boiler Plate Heads. 

(See adv. p. iv.) 

Bolting Cloths. 


Washington St., corner W. Water. 
(See adv't, p. v.) 


Asmus Theodore, 141 N. Clark. 


235 N. Clark and 416 S. Clark. 
Cox & Donohue, 51 & 53 La Salle. 
Culver, Page & Hoyne, 128 and 130 Lake. 
Muller William H., 47 La Salle. 


63 Clark street. 
Opitz Frederick A., 114 Randolph. 


Room 42-3 & 4 McCormick's Block. 
Wilson W. J., 46 State street. 

Booksellers and Stationers. 

Marked thus * are Publishers. 

Bamford & Baldwin, (Wm. B. and G. S. B.), 

13 Lake st. and 121 Monroe. 
*Church & Gor ^nan, (Leroy C. and Edward 

G.), M La oalle st. 
Cobb, Prelchard & Co., 83 Lake st. 


87 Washington st. 






Corner of Randolph and Dearborn Sts 



Booksellers and Stationers. 

Marked thus * are Publishers. 


66 Washington st. 

DUNN C. M. & CO,, 

182 Clark street. 
Graham John, 134 Desplains st. 

GRIGG3 S, C. & CO,, 

(E. C. G. and E. L. Jansen), 39 <fc 4: 


Heunisch Albert, 23 W. Randolph st. 
Holmes Wm. G., 170 Clark st. 


128 Clark street. 0. J. Griffith, agt. 
Kappmeier. Charles, 78J Wells. 
*Kearney J. J., 181 Clark. 
*W. B. 'Keen & Co., (Wm. B. K., Wm. H 

Adams, and Edwin H. Keen), 148 Lake st 
Kelly A. K., 97 Randolph st. 
McDonnell Austin, 29 Market st. 
*McNally & Co., (John McX.), 81 Dearborn st 
Martin T. W., 113 Randolph st. 


66 Washington street. 
Middleton J. M. & Co., 196 Lake sfc. 
*Myers E. B., Ill Lake st. 
Norton John A., 126| Dearborn st. 

TUTEEI/ER & WILSON'S Sewing Jttacliiiies, TcOG Lake Street, Chicago, 111 
Geo. K, Chittenden, General Agent for 111., Wls,, Iowa, Minn. & N. Indiana. 

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Sherlock P. T., 112 Dearborn at. 


118 Lake st. 
Stone & Gaylord, 40 N. Clark st. 


(J. H. and Wm.), 155 Lake st. 
Walsh John R., Madison street, corner Custom 

House place. 
Ward H. F., 102 Washington st. 

Boot and Shoe Makers. 

Aitkin William S., 138| W. Lake. 

Balser Haag, 692 State. 

Barns Owen, 273| Michigan. 

Becker Geo., 54 Milwaukee av. 

Berton H., 206 W. Lake. 

Brennan M. G., 519 S. Canal. 

Brennan Peter, 268 Madison. 

Bruce Robert, 302 W. Polk. 

Buckley Thomas, 75 Dearborn. 

Buffum S. S., 73 Randolph. 

Burk Thomas, 181 W. Madison. 

Casey Patrick, 315 S. Desplaines. 

Clarke William, 120 N. Clinton. 

Degen Ferdinand, 174 Van Buren. 

Dunton Bros., 128 State. 

Eich Peter, 336 Clark. 

Eierdam Conrad, 731 Clark. 

English T., 153 Kinzie. 

Feder F. A., 43 N. Clark. 

Florsheim & Bro., 184 N. Clark. 

Filsinger Martin, 266 Clark. 

Freiberg Henry, 471 State. 

Furlong Robert, 82 Halsted. 

Gallop William, 157 W. Madison. 

Gold Jacob, 345J Wells. 

Grady Patrick, 871 Clark. 

Hagedorn T., 333 Clark. 

Hastie, 23 market. 

Heiner N., 116 N. Clark. 

Hottinger Frank, 8 N. Clark. 

Horlacher John, 324 State. 

Hussey John, 46 S. Green. 

Jackson Mark, 196 Clark. 

Jewett Jeremiah T., Custom House place. 

Keller Peter, 75 Dearborn. 

Kelley Andrew, 199 Blue Island av. 

Kibler Charles, 418 S. Halsted. 

Kohl Lawrence, 108 N. Clark. 

Konz Matthew, 137 Wells. 

Krause Chris, 409 Clark. 

Krause Henry, 337 Clark, 

Krause Frederick, S. Halsted, nr. Maxwell. 

Kunz M., 137 Wells. 

Lenahan Timothy, 192 N. Market. 

Leonheart Frederick, 206 Van Buflen. 

Letz Charles, 49 Wells. 

Lilly Michael, 298 S. Canal. 

Lindbom S. J., 159 Michigan. 

Linden S., 155 W. Lake. 

Linch James H.. 21 Clark. 

Lynch Thomas, 242 N". Clark. 

Marden Rock, 213 N. Dearborn. 

Moore John, 289 N. Water. 

Muller Adam, 501 State. 

Mueller Edward, 205 Clark. 

Muller Joseph, 1 84 Randolph. 

Muller Michael, 146 W. Randolph. 

Murphy Daniel, Clark, cor. 19th. 

Murray John, 199 Van Buren. 

Nelson Ole, 172 W. Kinzie. 

Newton Lewis, 57 Kinzie. 

Nixon William H., 9 Blue Island av. 

Noss William, 60 Dearborn. 

O'Byrne <fc Co., 9 Tremont block. 

Obermeyer Frank, 48 Michigan. 

Obi Henry, 480 State. 

Ohnstein Jonas, 88 N. Clark. 

Premersdorfer Raymond, 393 Clark. 

Reiser Bernard, 157 Dearborn. 

Richard Anton, 354 State. 

Ries Andrew, 218 Wells. 

Samer A., 252 Randolph. 

Savage John, 168 N. Clark. 

Schieferstein J., 31 N. Wells. 

Schinn Peter, 204| N. Clark. 

Schmidt Philip, 80 LaSalle. 

Smith Richard P., 192 Kinzie. 

Stallknecht & Weiland, Wells, c. Washington. 

Stumps Peter, 172 State. 

Taylor William H., 144 Clark. 

Ux Jonas, 210 N. Clark. 

Waddock Francis, 73 Dearborn. 

Werner William, 344 State. 

Werst Frederick, 381 Wells. 

Weyer Jacob, 91 Dearborn. 

Williams Augustus, Market, nr. Quincy. 

Youberry Swan C., 9 Clark. 

Boot and Shoe Mfrs., Wholesale. 




The Best Qualities of 



Any Sizes Required. 

Work Warranted, 


29 and 31 Lake Street, 

W. KIMBALX, Piano Fortes, OTelodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 





Boot and Shoe Mfrs., Wholesale. 

Doggett, Bassett & Hills, 

29 and 31 Luke. 

Gore, Wilson & Co., (George P. G. and John 
W.,) 54 Lake. 

McDougallj Nicholas & Co,, 

(Daniel McD. and R. H. N.,) 45 Wabash 

McDoupal), Nicholas & Woodbury, (D. McD., 
R. H. N. and P. J. W.,) 49 State, 

Boots and Shoes, Wholesale. 

Bissell Thomas H., 166 Lake. 


37 State. 


40 and 42 Lake. (See avt,, p. xi.) 


Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in 


Lake St., Chicago 

Buyers will here find a very large stock, care- 
fully selected, comprising all the new- 
est Styles and most desirable 
Goods, which will be 


All Goods Warranted to Give 

Would call special attention to our 

Chicago Made Boots, 

Which are superior to all other Boots 
Manufactured in the West. 


(Wm. E. D., Henry D. B. and D. Hobart 
H.,) 29 and 31 Lake. 


(Charles H. F. and William A. B.,) 48 
and 50 Wabash av. 
Farnam J. P., 57 Lake. 


(Charles B. K., George W. Ordway and 
Fiske, Knight & Co., St. Louis,) 43 Lake. 

Gillette, Whitney & Co., (Horace C. G., 
Charles A. W. and L. L. W.,) 46 Lake. 

Green&felder & Rosenthal, 115 Clark. 


(C. M. H., W. S. H. and Edmund Burke, 
Jr.,) 46 and 48 Lake. (See advt., p. xxvi.) 
Johnson, Flagg & McFarland, (H. K. J., Hen- 
ry F. and Charles McF.,) 230 Lake. 


45 Wabash av. 


(E. M. P. and G. E. P. D.,) 64 Lake. 
Rawson & Bartlet, (Stephen W. R. and John 

A. B., 30 Lake. 
Saunders Bros. & Co., (William S. and Edward 

W.,) 28 Lake. 
Wells F. C. & M. D., (Frederick C. and Moses 

D.) 38 Lake. 

Boots and Shoes, Wholesale and 

Bamber R. & Co., 132 Lake. 
Bullock Bros. (J. C. and G. S.,) 146 Lake. 
Flagg Henry, Jr., 189 Lake. 
Greensfelder & Rosenthal, (Isaac G. and Ru- 
dolph R.,) 115 Clark. 
Hamilton George A. & Co., 133 Lake. 
Hanna & Vosburg, 190 Lake. 
Hill John & Co., 1 57 Lake. 

Pearson & Dana, 

(Albert G. P. and William V. D.,) 166 

Boots and Shoes, Retail. 

Bamber R. & Co., (Robert B. and George 

Hamilton,) 132 Lake. 
Bamber Herman T., 143 W. Polk. 
Brennan Matthew G., 519 S. Canal. 
Birr William, 236 Wells. 
Bullock Bros., (J. C. and G. S.,) 146 Lake. 
Cass Benjamin, 24 W. Randolph. 
Dodd F., 105 Randolph. 
Dunton Bros., (T. F. and G. B.,) 128 State. 
English Thomas, 153 Kinzie. 
Erickson & Kirkeby, 141 Dearborn. 
Feder F. A, 43 N/Clark. 
Fennimore William, 185^ Clark. 
Gass Michael, 22d, nr Grove. 
Gerrity Patrick, 55 N. Clark. 
Gould John S., 168 State. 
Grady Patrick, 371 Clark. 
Halversen John, 164 N. Desplaines. 
Harkins P., 57 Clark. 
Heiner Nicholas, 116 N. Clark. 
Herling G. F. 91 N. Clark. 

\VHI.i:i,I.K & WILSON'S Sewinff Machines. 106 I,ake Street, Chicago, 
Geo, K. Cliitteiidea, General A gent lor 111,, VVis., Iowa, Miim. & N, Indian 







Hettinger George, Cornell, nr. Milwaukee av. 
Huling John, 169 W. Randolph. 
Iverson Lewis, 85 W. Kinzie. 
Knowles, T. P., 163 Randolph. 
Krause William, 147 Milwaukee av. 
Lang Henry, 31 N. Wells. 
Lynch J. H., 21 Clark. 

McCarthy V. Charles M. & Bro., 99 Dear- 

Mclntyre C. A., 166 Clark. 
Muller Joseph, 184 Randolph. 
Newton Lewis, 57 Kinzie. 
Netting John L., 63 Kinzie. 
O'Conner James, 42 Kinzie. 
Peterson T. & Co., 31 Kinzie. 
Pinney Fitzer, 256 State. 
Pitney F. V., 125 Clark. 
Ryan Michael, 323 S. Desplaines. 
Smith P. H., 236 Randolph. 
Taylor W. H., 144 Clark. 

Utting John, 120 W. Randolph. 
Wichmann Henry, 64 Clark. 
Wiswald Charles E., agt., 75 Lake. 
Weber L., 114 W. Randolph. 
Welge Henry, 122 N. Clark. 
West Charles, 124 N Clark. 
Wolf Ferdinand, 201 Milwaukee av. 
Younger John & Co., 87 Lake. 
Zender John, 180 Blue Island av. 
Zender Nicholas, 33 W. Lake. 

Botanic Medicines. 

Ball, Robert R., 

119 Clark. 

Indian Medicine Dispensary, Dr. S. F. Collins. 
94 State. 

Box Makers, Packing. 

Goodwillie David, 

112, 114, 116, 118, Ohio. 

Goodwillie R. G., 

98 N. Franklin. 

Goodwillie Thomas, N. Water nr. Pier. 
Kirby James, 329 S. Canal. 
Mickel Henry & Co., Beach, cor. Mather. 

Box Makers, Paper, Fancy, and 

Lovely N. D., 115 Luke. 
Miller John C., 17 Clark. 
Schneider J. B., 77 Lake. 


109 Lake. 

Weigle Frederick, 

103 Lake. 


Manufacturer and Importer of 




Between Dearborn and Clark, 


Brass Cock Manufacturers. 

SMITH T. C. 4 CO., 

(T. C. S. and Owen Owens) 228 and 230 

Brass Faucet Manufacturers 




Steam and Water, Steam and Gas Fittings, 
Brass Goods for Engine Trimmings, Copper 
Work made to order, Brass Castings made 
to order, Sheet Copper, Block Tin, Zinc, 
Antimony, Babbett & Co's Steam Pumps, 
Rotary Pumps, Double Acting Suction, 
and Force Pumps. 

The Highest Market Price 

Paid for Old Copper 

and Brass. 

228 & 230 WASHINGTON ST., 


W. W, KimBALL, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and Retail, 142 take State, Chicago, 111. 





Brass Finisher. 

Orne & Butler, 160 Clark. 

Brass Founders. 

Baldwin J. S., 212 Lake. 
Barret & Murray, 56 Washington. . 
Broughton & Raithman, (John B. and George 
R.,) 53 N. Desplaines. 

CRANE R. T. & BRO., 

102 and 104 W. Lake. 

Brass and Copper, Sheet and 

Dickersoiij Sturges & Co,, 

199 and 201 Randolph. 

Jesup, Kennedy & Co*, 

11 and 13 Wells. " 

Fuller & Ford, 

(Willard M. Fuller, and David M. Ford.) 

Brass Foiflry and Machine Slop. 



Brass Castings and Babbit Metal, for 

Brewers, Distillers, Plumbers, and 

Steam Engine manufacturers. 


Improved Stove Jointer. 

Steam Fitting Done to 

Agents and Manufacturers of 

Evart's Heading & Shingle Mills 

Jobbing and Boat Work promptly attended 

284 Madison Street, 

(Near the Bridge,) 
P. 0. Box 4702. CHICAGO 

Hammond L., 92 N. Jefferson. 


Canal, nr. Meagher. 
Leonard William, 92 N. Jefferson. 
Peacock E. P., 55 Franklin. 
Small & Darby, (George S. and Thomas D., 

Washington, n. e. cor. Franklin. 
Smith T. C. & Co., 228 and 230 Washington. 

Brass Furnishing. 

Columbian Iron Works, 

Elms & Webster, proprs., Clinton, co 


Saierle Adam, 38 N. Market. 
Sehringer John, Orchard near Willow. 
Bucher & Hiller, (John B. and Geo. H.,) 

Green Bay road, near Franklin. 
3usch & Brand (Valentine B. and Michael 

B.,) Cedar near Wolcott. 
Dickinson A. P., Kinzie, cor. Cass. 

Downer, Bemis & Co,, 

office Dearborn, cor. Madison. 

Ooyle Morgan, Wolcott, nr. Scott. 

le Brewery, John A. Huck, propr., Wol- 
cott, cor. Banks. 

Eichenscher & Schreiber, Larrabee, nr. Wil- 

Fleming & McMahon, (William F., John McM.,) 
Wolcott, cor. Grand Haven Slip. 

Geeman Joseph, Claybourn av. nr. Larrabee, 

Gottfried & Schoenhofen, Seward, bt. 16th and 

Hanson Thomas G., 28 Chicago av. 

Horber John L., 186 Griswold. 


Chicago Brewery, Pine, cor. Chicago av. 





Porter and Brown Stout, 


Corner Chicago Avenue and Pine Street, 

Orders from the city or country, en- 
closing a remittance for the amount, respect- 
fully solicited and promptly attended to. 

McCarthy Owen, Wolcott, nr. Schiller. 

Metz & Brand, Wolcott, cor. Scott. 

Mueller A. and G. H., (Adolphus and Geo. H.,) 

308 W. Madison. 
Nangle John, Lydia, nr. Halsted. 
Saladin William, 164 Archer road. 
Sands' Ale Brewing Co., Columbian Brewery, 

Pine, cor. Pearson. 
Scanlou & Prinderville, 251 Kinzie. 

WHEEL, F, & WILSON'S Sewing: Machines, 106 Lake Street, Chicago, 111, 
Geo. R. Cblttendeu, General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, Minn. Ac N. Indiana. 





Schotte Christian, Indiana av., off Round 

Seidenschwanz & Wacker, (Christian S. and 

Frederick W.,) Franklin, nr. Dyer. 
Seipp & Lehmann, Conrad S. and Frederick 

L.,) Johnson avenue, nr. 26th. 
Seiberte & Schmidt, (William Seiberte and 

George S.,) '221 N. Canal. 
Wagner Louis, Green Bay road, nr. Dyer. 

Brick Yards. 

Dunlap & Gwathmay, (G. W. D. and B. H. G.,) 
Halsted, bt. Division and Reis. 

Jones & Co., Blue Island av. 

Miers Samuel, Joy's Canal, S. Branch. 

Wallbaum A., & Co., N. Branch. 

Watkins Joseph, Division, cor. Halsted. 

Wilson & Bro., Loomis, bt. Simpson & Stet- 
son's Canal. 

Bridge Builders. 

Boomer L. B., 14 Dearborn. 


86 Dearborn. 




86 Dearborn Street, 

(P. 0. Box 3016.) 

Bridge Yard and Machine Shop on Clark St., 
near Burlington R. R. Crossing. 

CHICAGO, _^_- - ILL. 

Bridge Materials Constantly on 

any size planned and sawed. 

Dock and Bridge Bolts Made 
to Order, 


242 S. Water. 
Smith Addison J., State, cor. 15th. 

Brokers, Bill and Note. 

Meadowcroft Richard, 22 Clark. 


82 Dearborn. 
Snydaeker & Co., 60 LaSalle. 
Wright & Tyrrell, (Robert C. W., John A. T.,> 

Metropolitan Block. 

Brokers, Commercial. 


Room 6, McCormick's blk. 
Downing B. F., 91 Randolph. 
Holmes C. E., 59 W. Randolph. 
Jenks Charles C., 13 LaSalle. 
Sherwood Isaac, 184 S. Water. 
Wheeler S. G. & Co., 2 Uhlich's blk. 

Brokers, Exchange. 

See also Bankers; also Exchange Dealers. 
Chambers Bennett B., 121 Lake. 


Dakin& Co., 2 Clark. 
Lyons J. M., 6 Clark. 
Harris Edward P., 2$ Clark. 


68 S. Clark, 


131 Randolph. 
Rogers Willi im B., 48 Clark. 


22 LaSalle. 
Whitney George C.. 6 Clark. 

Brokers, Grain. 

GraftonWm. R., 156 S. Water. 
Swift A. G., 2 Board of Trade blk. 

Broker, Hides and Wool- 
Bush Isaac S., 163 Kinzie. 

Brokers, Loan. 

Downing B. F. & Co., Room 2, 91 Randolph. 
Greenebaum & Foreman, (Elias Greenebaum, 
Gerhard Foreman,) 43 Clark. 

Brokers, Lumber. 

Fuller H. M., 242 S. Water. 
Fyfe Wm. C., 242 S. Water. 
Garrick John, 242 S. Water. 
Irish Stanton A., 242 S, Water. 

Brokers, Merchandize. 

Wiley William H., 81 S. Water. 

W. W. KOIBALL, Piano Fortes, Melodeons and Parlor Organs, Wholesale 
and ttetail, 142 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 





Brokers, Money. 

Campbell John P., 53 Clark. 
Greenebaum & Foreman, 43 Clark. 
Lee G. W., 185 Kinzie. 


63 S. Clark. 


(Godfrey and Moses Snydacker,) cor. Ran- 
dolph and LaSalle. 
Straus Samuel, 3 Larmon blk. 

Brokers, Provisionsand Produce. 

Macqueen Peter, 16 LaSalle. 

Mil ward Henry & Co., (Henry M., George 

Barran,) 18 LaSalle. 
Parks R. H.. 154 S. Water. 
Roloson Wm. H., Board of Trade bldg. 

Brokers, Real Estate. 


40 Clark. 

Clark Geo. W., 44 Clark. 
Dora thy A., 80 Dearborn. 
Downing B. F. & Co., room 2, 91 Randolph. 
Guthrie Bros., 80 Dearborn. 
Haddock B. F., 80 Dearborn. 
Hitt Isaac R. & Co., (Isaac R. H., Seth W. 

Hardin, jr.,) 65 Clark. 
Holbrook Theodore, 45 Clark. 
Honore Henry H., 80 Dearborn. 
KERFOOT S. H. & CO., 71 Dearborn. 
Rees & Slocum, (James H. R. and D. P. S.,) 

88 Dearborn. 


Rooms 2 and 3, 89 Washington 
Wright & Walker, 78 Dearborn. 

Brokers, Stock and Bond. 

Harris Edward P., 2i Clark. 
Saltonstall F. G. & Co., (F. G. & W. W. 
Saltonstall,) 24 Clark. 

Broom Corn. 


General Commission Merchant, and deal- 
er in broom corn, 44 Wells. 


(N. B. Rappleye & E. R. Tuttle,) 16 
Michigan av. 

Seaverns Geo. A. & Bro., (Geo. A. and Chas. 
H.,) 1 Clark, cor. S. Water. 






Post Office Box 3849. 



A. C. BADGER & Co. 


Broom Makers. 

Ferry A. Dickinson, 337 W. Adams 
Harris & Bros., 46 N. Wells. 
Hess Ansou, Canal, cor. 12th. 

Brush Makers and Dealers. 

Chapman Edward, 42 Wells. 
Gertz Geo. E. & Co , (Geo. E. G. and H. Luna- 
bard,) 204 Randolph. 


130 N. Clark. 


47 State, up stairs. 


122 Clark. 

Buckskin Gloves and Mittens. 

Baker Franklin, 20 Lake. 

Kruger G., 5 W. Randolph. 

Morris Thomas B. & Co., 107 Randolph. 

Buckskin Goods. 

20 Clark. 


19 and 21 Lake. 


42, 44 and 46 Wabash av. 
Whittemore H. & R. B. & Co., 11 and 13 

WILSON'S Sewing Machines, 106 L,ake Street, Chicago, 111. 
Geo. R. Cliittendeu, General Agent for 111., Wis., Iowa, Hiim. & N. Indiana. 





Buffalo Robes. 

Sec also Fur Dealers and Furriers. 


Buffalo and Fancy Robes, 10, 12 and 14 

Whittemore H. & R. B. & Co., 11 and 13 


See also Carpenters and Builders. 

Briggs & Woodward, 258 Desplaines. 

Carter C. B., 397 W. Adams. 

Banks Albert, State, nr. Archer Road. 

Holt John, Warren, bt. Paulina and Page. 

Johnston W. V., 418 State. 

LobergN. P., 98 Ontario. 

Marshall William, 45 Chicago av. 

Parker A. F., 13 S. Rucker. 

Vaughan David, 722 Wubash av. 

Vreelander Henry, 22d, cor. Wabash av. 

Burning Fluid. 

See also Lamps and Oils, etc. 

Burr Blocks and Millstones. 

See also Mill Furnishing. 


Washington, cor. W. Water. 


See Meat Markets. 

Butter and Eggs. 

See also Produce Dealers. 


56 Dearborn. 
Todd, Dexter & Co., 124 S. Water. 

Cabinet Makers. 

Anderson J. C., N. Clark, cor. Erie. 

Arnold Casper, 200 Van Buren. 

Arnold George A., 64 Washington. 

Beauchamp Joseph, 140 State. 

Burke James, 119 W