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Full text of "Illinois through two hundred and forty-five years, 1673-1918 : catalogue of objects illustrating Illinois history, selected from the collections of the Chicago Historical Society : exhibited in Orchestra Hall in commemoration of the centennial of Illinois statehood, April nineteenth MDCCC XVIII"

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1673 - 1918 





Carried in the Civil War, by the 8th, 19th, 
42d, 89th, and 129th Regiments, the last men- 
tioned being a relic of Sherman's March to the 
Sea. Loaned by the Grand Army Hall and Memo- 
rial Association of Illinois. 

Champion flag awarded in 1859. 

This organization founded by Col. Elmer E. Ells- 
worth in the middle fifties was adjudged the best drilled 
body of men in the country. At the beginning of the 
war it was disbanded, being drawn upon to officer regi- 
ments all over the country. Colonel Ellsworth organized 
the New York Fire Zouaves and met his tragic death 
in guarding the approach to Washington. 


Given by President Lincoln to Hon. Isaac N. 

The square in the center is from the battle flag of 
an unknown Illinois Regiment. 

Flag under which this battalion was recruited 
in 1862, after Lincdn's call for "300,000 more." 

Letters and Documents 

Signed by 

Explorers, Governors and 
Statesmen of Illinois 


1. EXPLORATION, 1673-1682. 
JOLLIET, Louis, 1(145-1699 or 1700. 

Contract executed by Louis Jolliet, his wife, 
her brothers and others, at Quebec, Nov. 8, 1695. 

Jolliet, a trader, a native of Quebec, was chosen by 
Frontenac to explore the Mississippi, since he was "a man 
very experienced in these kinds of discoveries and who 
had already been very near this invert' With Father 
Marquette as his priest-associate, he descended the Wis- 
consin and Illinois Rivers, and entered the Mississippi, 
June 17, 1673. The explorers proceeded down stream till 
they had ascertained that the Mississippi empties into 
the Gulf of Mexico. Jolliet's maps and papers were lost 
on the return trip to Quebec, and Marquette's Journal 
became the only record of the great discovery made under 
Jolliet's leadership. 

MARQUETTE, Jacques, 1637-1675. 

Last entry in Father Marquette's unfinished 
Journal, 1674-5, made when leaving Chicago for 
the Illinois Village : photographic copy by 

"April i. As I do not yet knoiv whether I shall remain 
next summer in the village, on account of my diarrhoea, 
we leave here part of our goods, those with which we 
can dispense, and especially a sack of corn. While a 
strong south wind delays us, we hope to go to-morrow 
to the place where the French are, at a distance of 15 
leagues from here. 

"April 6. Strong winds and the cold prevent us from 

In 1666, Father Marquette was ordained priest of the 
Society of Jesus and sailed from France to become a 
missionary to the Indians in Canada. He spent fourteen 
months learning the language of the Algonquins and 
Hurons. After building several missions, he joined Jolliet 
on the great expedition down the Mississippi. In 1673, 
he returned to Green Bay much broken in health, but, 

in 1674, he set out again, this time to establish a mission 
at Kaskaskia. When he reached the present site of Chi- 
cago, he was compelled by exhaustion to halt and spend 
the winter. In the spring he resumed his journey and 
accomplished his task at Kaskaskia. Next year, while 
attempting to return to Mackinac, he died, a few weeks 
after this entry in his Journal. Marquette was typical 
of the highest ideals and achievements in the splendid 
missionary enterprise of the Jesuits of New France. 

LA SALLE, Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de, 1648- 


Feudal grant of land at Fort St. Louis 011 his 
Illinois Colony to Charles Disy, 7 Dec. 1682. 

La Salle, born in France, 1643, came to the New World, 
1666. As a trader he explored Lakes Ontario and Erie, 
discovered the Ohio River, ascended Lake Michigan and 
crossed to Illinois. As the first settler of the Mississippi 
Valley, La Salle's memory will ever be imperishable. He 
made settlements in Illinois, at Fort Crevecoeur and at 
Fort St. Louis, now called Starved Rock. In 1682, he 
descended the Mississippi to its mouth, and took posses- 
sion of the entire valley in the name of Louis XV, 
calling it Louisiana. 

TONTY, Chevalier Henry de. 

"I have agreed ^vith the inhabitants of Fort 
St. Louis that I will give them at the end of 
the trade the sum of Soo livres to each condition- 
ally upon their making over to me the 4oo lievres 
of merchandise that they were to receive this 
year 1684, from M. de La Salle for the good serv- 
ices which they have rendered." 

"Done at Fort St. Louis in Louisiana the 21sr 
January, 1684." 

"Henry Tonty." 

Tonty, born Italy, 1650, was La Salle's most efficient 
helper, and next to his leader, did more than any other 

of the early French explorers to make Illinois known to 
the civilized world. In 1681, under La Salle's orders, he 
began the erection of Fort St. Louis, on what is now 
called "Starved Rock" in La Salle County. In 1682, he 
descended the Mississippi to its mouth, but returned to 
Illinois in 1684. Disheartened by the death of La Salle 
and of almost all the companions of his early adventures, 
he spent the last years of his life among the Illinois 
Indians, who became much attached to him. 


HENRY, Patrick. 1st governor of Virginia. 

Letter of instruction to Lieut. Col. George 
Rogers Clark, to attack the British at Kaskaskia 
dated "In Council Wmsburg Jan'y 2d, 1778." 

The authority under which George Rogers Clark con- 
quered the territory northwest of the Ohio River for the 
Colonies and decided that the Great Middle West should 
be American and not British. 

Patrick Henry is best known for his declaration : "/ 
know not what course others may take, but as for me, 
give me liberty or give me death." 

CLARK, George Rogers, 1152-1818. 

Letter describing attack on "the principal Shatv- 
nee Town Chillicauthy," dated Miami 13th Nov. 

George Rogers Clark, born Virginia, 1752, spent his 
early manhood making surveys on the frontier. In his 
twenty-sixth year, his high estimation of this territory's 
value and his devotion to the Colonial cause inspired 
him to the heroic effort which resulted in the capture 
of Kaskaskia, 1778, and Vincennes, 1779, and which made 
the Northwest a part of our country. In 1781 he was 
commissioned a brigadier-general in the Continental army. 

HENRY, Patrick, 1st governor of Virginia. 

Letter of instruction from Patrick Henry to 
Col. John Todd, on the latter's appointment as 
first civil governor of the County of Illinois, dated 
"Wmburg, Deer 12th, 1778." 

"By virtue of the Act of Gen' I Assembly which es- 
tablishes the County of Illinois you are appointed County 
Liut. or Command' t there and for the genrall tennor of 
your conduct I refer you to the law." 

TODD. Col. John, lieutenant-commandant of the 
County of Illinois, 1778-1780. 

Record book kept during his residence as first 
civil governor of the County of Illinois, Virginia. 


John Todd accompanied Col. George Rogers Clark on 
his expedition against Kaskaskia and Vincennes, 1778-9. 
In December, 1778, he was given the civil authority in 
the County of Illinois. The first election of civil officers 
of Illinois was under his direction. 

ST. CLAIR, Arthur. 1st governor of the Terri- 
tory Northwest of the Ohio River, 1789-1802. 

Commission of Pierre Menard, major in the 
1st Regiment of Militia of the County of Ran- 
dolph, Illinois, 5th day of October, 1795. Endorsed 
with the oath of office by John Edgar, Lieut. Col. 

Bears Seal of the N. W. Territory. 

Arthur St. Clair, born Scotland, 1734, educated at 
University of Edinburgh, entered the British army, and 
served through the French and Indian war under Gen. 
Wolfe. In 1762 he resigned from the army and estab- 
lished himself in western Pennsylvania. In 1775, when 
the Revolution broke out, he was commissioned as colonel 
in the Continental army. In these thirteen years he had 

so completely identified himself with his chosen land that 
he could write : "I hold that no man has a right to 
withhold his services when his country needs them. Be 
the sacrifice ever so great, it must be yielded upon the 
altar of patriotism." In 1/87, he was made governor of 
the Northwest Territory. Died 1818. 

HARRISON, Gen. William Henry, 1st governor 
of Indiana Territory, I8oo-l8op. 

Letter to Nathaniel Pope, Secretary of Illinois 
Territory, explaining jurisdiction in Illinois since 
the erection the separate Territory of Illinois, 
Feb. 3d, 1809. Dated Vincennes, 12 April, 1809. 

The case is that of the assassination of John Rice 
Jones by Dr. James Dunlap, in Kaskaskia. 

Gen. William Henry Harrison, born Virginia, 1773, 
served as secretary of Northwest Territory under Gov. 
St. Clair, 1798-9, as territorial delegate in Congress, 1799, 
as first governor of the Territory of Indiana, 1800-1809. 
His policy toward the Indians was conciliatory and 
statesmanlike and he negotiated many important treaties 
with them. In 1811, he was, however, obliged to fight 
an uprising under Tecumseh, and defeated him at Tippe- 
canoe. He took a prominent part in the War of 1812, 
being commissioned major-general. In 1840 he was 
elected President of the United States, but died 1841 
one month after his inauguration. 

EDWARDS, Ninian, territorial governor of Illi- 
nois, 1809-1818. 

Commission of Nelson Rector as captain of a 
volunteer company, 2d Regiment Illinois Militia. 
Kaskaskia, 3d August, 1814. "Nat. Pope, Sec- 

Bears territorial seal. 

Ninian Edwards, born in Maryland, 1775, was a fine 
example of a southern gentleman of the old school. He 
was a member of the Legislature of Kentucky, 1796, pre- 
siding judge of the General Court, 1802, Circuit judge, 

1803. In 1809, President Madison appointed him territorial 
governor of the newly formed Territory of Illinois. 
This position he held until Illinois entered statehood, 
1818. He served from 1818 to 1824 as one of the first 
two United States senators from Illinois, and from 1826 
to 1830 as third governor of the state. He died at Belle- 
ville, 111., July 22, 1883. See his Papers in the Chicago 
Historical Society. 

POPE, Nathaniel, 1st territorial secretary of Illi- 
nois, 1S09-1816. 

Letter to Elias Kent Kane, Washington, March 
8th 1818: "My prospects of success in making 
Illinois a state are not diminished." 

Commission of Pierre Menard, lieutenant col- 
onel of the 1st Regiment of Militia of Randolph 
County. "In testimony whereof, I have hereunto 
affixed my private seal, there being no seal of 
office," Kaskaskia, 6th day of May, 1809. 

On January 16, 1818, as territorial delegate to Con- 
gress, Pope laid before that body, the Illinois Memorial 
petitioning for statehood, and on the 23d proposed the 
ENABLING ACT, which largely through his efforts be- 
came a law, December 3, 1818. It was Pope who intro- 
duced the amendment to fix the northern boundary of 
the state on the line of 42 30", thus giving Illinois a 
coast on Lake Michigan and making Chicago a city of 
Illinois instead of Wisconsin. Because this wise statesman 
stretched Illinois from the Yankee strongholds of anti- 
slavery in the North, through the strongholds of pro- 
slavery in the South, she formed the link that helped to 
preserve the Union when the Civil War came. 

BOND, Shadrach, 1st governor of Illinois, I8l8- 


Appointment of Gabriel Jones, justice of the 
peace for Randolph County, 22d March, 1819: 
"In testimony whereof, I have set my hand and 
private seal, the state seal not provided." Signed 

also by the Elias Kane, Secretary. 

Commission to Gabriel Jones as captain in a 
regiment attached to 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 
Illinois Militia, Kaskaskia, 24 August, 1819. 
Signed also by Elias Kent Kane, secretary of 

Endorsed with the oath to support the Constitution 
and to suppress duelling. 

Bears an excellent impression of the newly arrival state 

Shadrach Bond was born in Frederick, Md., 1775, and 
came to the Illinois country in 1791. He was a member 
of the Indiana Territorial Legislature and first delegate 
to Congress from the Territory of Illinois, served in the 
Indian wars and in the War of 1812, was elected governor 
of Illinois in 1818 without opposition, and occupied the 
executive chair until 1822. Died at Kaskaskia, 1832. 

3. STATEHOOD, 1818-1834. 

BROWN, William Hubbard, 1st president of the 
Chicago Historical Society. 

Testimonials by the citizens of Auburn, Cayuga 
County, N. Y., given to Mr. Brown on "being in- 
formed that he is about to emigrate to the terri- 
tory of Illinois," dated October, 1818. 

Mr. Brown spent his first years in Illinois in Kaskaskia 
and Vandalia, but came to Chicago in 1835 as cashier 
of the Chicago Branch of the State Bank of Illinois. He 
was one of the group who successfully resisted the 
attempt to plant slavery in Illinois in 1823-24. He was 
connected with many local enterprises. Died 1867. 

KANE, Elias Kent, 1st secretary of state, 1818- 


Docket for lawyers, Kaskaskia, 1818. 28 pages. 
Small quarto. 

Among "Appearances 5th Day," note Ninian 
Edwards vs. Nathaniel Buckmaster. 

Elias Kent Kane was born in New York about 1794; 
came to Illinois in 1814 and in 1818 was appointed terri- 
torial judge; elected in 1824 and again in 1830 to the 
U. S. Senate ; died in 1840. He was related to the Arctic 
explorer Elisha Kent Kane. 

Nathaniel Buckmaster, pioneer settler of Illinois, was 
born in Calvert Co., Maryland, in 1787. In 1799 his family 
moved to Virginia where he learned the brickmason's 
trade. In 1817 he emigrated to Illinois Territory, and 
from that time until his death in 1855 he played an 
important part in the history of Madison Co. He lived 
at Edwardsville until 1836, when he moved to Alton. 
He was County sheriff for fifteen years, and was holding 
that office the night Lovejoy was killed. He served in 
the Black Hawk War, and was a member of the Illinois 
legislature. He built the Old Courthouse at Edwardsville, 
and was proprietor of the ferry across the Mississippi 
from Venice to North St. Louis which became known 
by his name. Died 1855. 

COOK, Daniel Pope, 1st attorney general of Illi- 
nois, 1818. 

Letter to Ninian Edwards, dated Galconda, 
August 3d, 1818. 

Refers to "slavemen" and "freemen," also to Cook- 
McLean-Bond contest for first representative to Con- 
gress from Illinois in which McLean was elected. 

Daniel Pope Cook was born in Scott County, Ky., 1794, 
and died in Kentucky, Oct. 16, 1827. He came to Illinois 
in 1815. As editor of the Illinois Intelligencer, Cook in- 
augurated the movement that ended in Illinois statehood 
and bore a prominent part, while in Congress, in securing 
the donation of lands for the Illinois and Michigan Canal. 
He served as territorial auditor of public accounts, Cir- 
cuit judge, first attorney-general of the state of Illinois, 
and congressman. For him the County of Cook was 

PLATFORM in gubernatorial election, 1824: 
"People's Ballot." (Joseph Gillespie Coll.) 

COLES, Edzvard, 3d governor of Illinois, 1822- 

Commission of Harry Wilton as judge of pro- 
bate for Clinton County, 21st May, 1825. Signed 
also by George Forquer, secretary. 

Letter to Gen. Lafayette, inquiring "where it 
would be most agreeable to you to afford me the 
happiness of seeing you, and welcoming you to 
Illinois," dated Edwardsville, April 28, 1825. 

Edward Coles was born in Virginia, the son of a wealthy 
planter. In 1819 he mi-grated to Illinois bringing his 
slaves with him in order to set them free. By this act 
he became the subject of bitter persecutions, but was 
elected governor by the aid of Lockwood, Cook, Birk- 
beck and Hooper Warren, and in 1823 contributed the 
salary of his entire term ($4000) to the anti-slavery 
campaign. In 1825 he as governor escorted Lafayette 
upon his visit in Illinois. He died in Philadelphia in 
1868, having lived to see the institution of slavery totally 
wiped out. 

LAFAYETTE, Marie Jean Paul Joseph Roche 
Yves Gilbert du Motier, marquis de. 1757- 

Letter to Mr. J. Flower, Hertford, England, 
dated La Grange, Nov. 3d, 1811. 

Lafayette's seal and signature. 

Lafayette was one of the first Europeans to espouse 
the cause of the American colonists. He not only vol- 
unteered his own money and services, but induced the 
French Government to send aid. In 1824, on the invita- 
tion of President Monroe, he again visited America and 
was received everywhere with the ovations of a grateful 

EDWARDS, Ninian, 3d governor of Illinois, 1826- 

Appointment of Harry Wilton, recorder for 
the County of Clinton, Vandalia, 15th February, 
1828. George Forquer, secretary of state. 

Endorsed by Clayton Usher, J. P. 

For portrait and biographical sketch of Edwards see 
No. 2. 

REYNOLDS, John, 4th governor of Illinois, 1830- 


Letter to Daniel P. Cook, representative in Con- 
gress, dated Vandalia, 1st January, 1827. 

Relates to the contest for representatives to the State 
Legislature, which resulted in Reynold's election, notwith- 
standing opposition of Gov. Edwards. 

Patent for land in Fayette County to James M. 
Duncan, Vandalia, 1st May, 1832. Signed also by 
A. P. Field, secretary of state. 

The land consisted of six acres in the town of Vandalia, 
sold for fifteen dollars. 

John Reynolds was born in Pennsylvania, 1789, and 
came to Kaskaskia in 1800; served as a scout in the War 
of 1812, and as governor personally commanded the state 
troops in the Black Hawk War, 1832. He was an ardent 
champion of slavery. 

4. STATEHOOD, 1834-1871. 

ElVING, William Lee Davidson, 5th governor 

of Illinois, 1834. 

Letter to Hon. Moses Kane Robinson endorsing 
Capt. Linn for re-appointment, dated Dec. 31, 

Ewing served as governor but fifteen days, between 
the time of Gov. Reynolds' resignation and the inaugura- 
tion of Gov. Duncan. He held a large number of public 

offices. For several sessions he was chosen speaker of 
the House of Representatives over Abraham Lincoln, 
the Whig candidate. 

DUNCAN, Joseph, 6th governor of Illinois, 1834- 

Letters patent confirming sale by School Com- 
missioner Richard J. Hamilton to I. I. B. Kings- 
bury, of a lot in the town of Juliette, the con- 
sideration being four dollars. Countersigned by 
A. P. Field, secretary of state, and James T. B. 
Stapp, auditor of public accounts. Dated Van- 
dalia, April 3, 1835. 

Letter to John Branch, secretary of the navy, 
dated "House of Reps., February 9th, 1831," rec- 
ommending John Grant as midshipman. 

Joseph Duncan was born in Kentucky in 1794, emigrated 
to Illinois in 1818, having served with distinction in the 
War of 1812. He was author of the first free school 
law, 1825. The murder of Elijah P. Lovejoy by a pro- 
slavery mob at Alton marred the close of this adminis- 
tration. Gov. Duncan died at Jacksonville, 111., 1844. 

HAMILTON, Richard Jones, 1st probate judge 

of Cook County, 1831. 

Certification of deed, dated Recorder's office, 
Cook County, Illinois, October, 1836. 

Richard J. Hamilton was one of Chicago's earliest 
lawyers. Born in Kentucky, 1799, he moved to Illinois 
in 1820, and was soon appointed cashier of the newly 
established Branch State Bank) at Brownsville, Jackson 
Co. Ten years later he settled in Chicago, as the first 
Probate Judge of Cook County, and was present at the 
organization of Cook County. He also held office as 
Circuit and County Clerk, Recorder and Commissioner 
of School Lands the sale of the Chicago school section 
being under his administration. He was colonel of the 
State Militia, and, in 1832, took an active part in the 
Black Hawk War. Died 1860. 

CARLIN, Thomas, 7th governor of Illinois, 1838- 


Letters patent issued to Thomas Church, jun., 
confirming sale to him by the Commissioners of 
the Illinois and Michigan canal, of lot 6 in the 
original town of Chicago, for half price in accord- 
ance with the "Act for the relief of purchasers 
of lots in Chicago and Ottawa, 1836." Signed 
also by Lyman Trumbull, secretary of state. Dated 
Jan. 4th, 1842. 

Thomas Carlin, born in Kentucky, 1799, emigrated to 
Illinois in 1811, where he served as private in the War 
of 1812 and as captain of spies in the Black Hawk 
War. The great Whig mass-meeting at Springfield, 1840, 
was an outstanding event of his administration. 20,000 
people assembled including a large delegation from Chi- 
cago who marched overland, under the command of 
Maj. Gen. David Hunter. Gov. Carlin died at Carrollton, 
111., 1852. 

FORD, Thomas, 8th governor of Illinois, 1842- 

Letters patent for lands purchased by B. W. 
Raymond, Springfield, 25th November, 1844. Coun- 
tersigned by Thompson Campbell, secretary of 

Thomas Ford emigrated from Pennsylvania to Mis- 
souri in 1804, and, a little later, located in Illinois. The 
Mormon troubles at Nauvoo embarrassed his adminis- 
tration. A more tragic chapter was the opening of the 
Mexican war. He was the author of a valuable history 
of Illinois, 1818-1847, published in 1854 after his death. 
Ford County was named in his honor. 

FRENCH, Augustus Caesar, 9th governor of Illi- 
nois, 1846-1853. 

Commission of Joshua Mitchell of Philadelphia, 
as commissioner to take depositions to be used 

or recorded in the State of Illinois, dated Spring- 
field, 26th June, 1847. 

Augustus C. French, born in New Hampshire, 1808, 
came to Illinois, 1826, where he built up a good law 
practice. He was the first governor of the state to be 
re-elected and his long administration was free from 
scandals. The transportation improvements of this time 
included the completion of the Illinois and Michigan 
Canal, the incorporation of the Illinois Central Rail- 
road, and the beginning of the Galena and Chicago 
Union. During his last years Go-u. French was professor 
of law at McKendree College. Died 1864. 

LOl'EJOY, Owen, Congressman from Illinois, 

Letter to Miss Gertrude McName, April 10, 1862: 

Owen Lovejoy of Alton, 111., was an ardent aboli- 
tionist. He was a friend of Lincoln and of Garrison, 
and the brother of Elijah Parish Lovejoy, anti-slavery 
journalist who was assassinated for his convictions. Mr. 
Lovejoy was elected to Congress in 1856, and was re- 
turned three times. 

BROSS, William, 10th lieutenant-governor of Illi- 
nois, 1865-1868. 

Letter to Hon. Z. Eastman, dated Chicago. 
Sept. 30th, 1865 : "Chicago is prosperous and grow- 
ing as rapidly as ever." 

William Bross, born 1813, graduated from Williams 
College, 1838, settled in Chicago, 1848. Here he dis- 
tinguished himself as editor and as orator. He founded 
the Democratic Press, later the Press, which finally 
combined with the Tribune, Mr. Bross supported the 
Republican Party through many campaigns by his elo- 
quent addresses. 

BISSELL, William H., llth governor of Illinois, 

Order to the Congressional Librarian for books, 
dated "Ho. Repr. Dec. 14." 

Mr. Bissell, the first Republican governor of Illinois, 
served as a Democratic congressman from Illinois, 1849 
to 1855. The Kansas-Nebraska bill, however, changed his 
political convictions. During his administration occurred 
the great Lincoln-Douglas debates. The discovery of 
the "Canal Scrip Fraud" created much excitement. 

1NGERSOLL, Ebon C., congressman from Illi- 
nois, 1864-1871. 
Letter, dated 1403 K. Street, Nov. 29, 1871. 

Ebon C. Ingersoll, brother of Robert G. Ingersoll, 
succeeded Owen Lovejoy as representative from Illinois. 

YATES, Richard, llth governor of Illinois, 

Letter to Judge Gillespie concerning the Illi- 
nois senatorial election of 1864, in which Gov. 
Yates speaks of his struggles with his legislature, 
dated Springfield, July 16, 1864. 

The famous "Illinois war-governor" was born in War- 
saw, Ky., in 1815, and came to Springfield, 111., in 1831. 
He was one of the strongest supporters of Lincoln, 
and among the first to express himself in favor of 
emancipation. Unfortunately his legislature, ruled by 
Southern sympathisers, did not uphold but embarrassed 
him by refusing its support of his patriotic efforts for 
the Union until he was obliged to prorogue it. Mr. 
Yates became U. S. senator in 1865, and served until 

5. STATEHOOD, 1871-1918. 

Governors of Illinois, 1871-1918. 



Governors and Early 




By G. P. A. Healy, after portrait in "Voyages 
dcs Francois," by Pierre Margry. 

Presented by Marshall Field. 

For sketch of La Salle see under No. 1. 

George Peter Alexander Healy, the painter, was born 
in Boston, Mass., 1813. In 1836, he went to Paris to 
study. Later he spent several years in London, painting 
portraits of many titled personages. Returning to France 
in 1839, he became a protege of Louis Philippe. When 
the Revolution of 1848 deprived that monarch of his 
throne, Healy came to Chicago. Here he made his home 
till 1867. During this period he painted an almost in- 
credible number of portraits. He was one of the best 
American portrait painters of the French school. The 
years from 1867 to 1892, he spent in various European 
cities, but returned finally to Chicago, where he died, 

By Rembrandt Peale. 

Rembrandt Peale was born in Bucks Co., Pa., 1778, 
son of Charles Wilson Peale. After receiving instruc- 
tions from his father he went to England and studied 
under Benjamin West. He made several trips to Europe 
and painted many portraits in various cities in the United 
States. At the age of seventeen he painted Washington's 
portrait. Died in Philadelphia, 1860. 

By John Wesley Jaruis. 

For Biographical sketch of George Rogers Clark see 
No. 2. 

John Wesley Jarvis, born South Shields, Eng., 1780, 
came to Philadelphia in 1785 and with but little instruc- 
tion began to paint portraits by which he became popular. 
Died in New York City, 1834. 

By a contemporary artist. 

John Edgar was born in Ireland about 1750, and died 
at Kaskaskia in 1832. He was an officer in the British 
navy, but resigned to join the Colonial forces in 1784. 
Judge, of Court of Common Pleas, St. Clair County, 
1790. Elected from Illinois a member of the Legislature 
of the Northwestern Territory. Appointed by the United 
States a major general of the Militia of Illinois Terri- 
tory. Edgar County in the state of Illinois is named 
for him. 

By a contemporary artist. 

Rachel Edgar, wife of John Edgar, was of American 
birth and influenced her husband to side with her coun- 
trymen in the Revolution. Their home at Kaskaskia, the 
finest residence of its time in Illinois, was renowned 
for its hospitality for nearly half a century. A dinner 
and ball were given there in honor of Lafayette at his 
visit in 1825. 

By J. R. Stuart. 

Presented by Henry Co-nmth, 1884. 

For biographical sketch of Gov. Edwards see No. 2. 

By a contemporary artist. 

Pierre Menard was born at Saint Antoine, Canada, 
Oct. 7, 1766, and died at Kaskaskia, June 13, 1844. A 
resident of what is now Illinois for more than fifty 
years, holder of many territorial offices, first lieutenant- 
governor of the state of Illinois, and one of its foremost 
citizens. Menard County was named for him. 


Attributed to Gilbert Stuart. 

For biographical sketch of Gov. Bond, see No. 3. 

Attributed to Gilbert Stuart. 

Achsah Bond, wife of Shadrach Bond, was born at 
Hagerstown, Md., October 13, 1786, and died at Kas- 
kaskia, 111., February 29, 1844. 

B\ a contemporary artist. 

For a biographical sketch see No. 2. 


By a contemporary artist. 

Presented by the family of George Flower. 

George Flower was born in Hertfordshire, Eng., about 
1780, and died in Grayville, 111., Jan. 15, 1862. He, with 
Morris Birkbeck, was the founder of the English settle- 
ment in Edwards County, 1817, and was the author of 
the history of that settlement published by the Chicago 
Historical Society. 

By a contemporary artist. 

Presented by the family of George Flower. 

Eliza Julia Andrews was born in England, 1891, came 
to Illinois with Morris Birkbeck's party, married George 
Flower, 1817, and aided in founding the colony at Albion, 
111. She died the same day as her husband, January 15th. 


By Gutson Borglum. Bronze replica of the marble 
original in the Capitol at Washington. 

Presented by Mr. Joseph Harris. 

Gutzon Borglum, the sculptor, was born in Idaho, 1867. 
He studied art in San Francisco and Paris. For several 
years he worked in Paris or London, but since 1902 
New York claimed him. Some of his works are the 
colossal figures of the twelve apostles for the Cathedral 
of St. John the Divine, New York; Sheridan monu- 
ment, Washington ; Statue of Lincoln, Newark, N. J. 

By Lassier, about 1S61. 

Stephen A. Douglas, born Vermont, 1813, attained his 
training as a lawyer with almost as much difficulty as 
his opponent, Abraham Lincoln. Douglas came to Illinois 
in 1833 and shortly after began his political career as 
prosecuting attorney for Morgan County. He was secre- 
tary of state, 1840, judge of the Supreme Court of 
Illinois, 1841, representative in Congress, 1843-1861. His 
last canvass, 1858, was memorable for the debates with 
Lincoln. When the secession began, Douglas gave 
cordial support to Lincoln's administration. Died 1861. 

By Miflin, 1S35. 

Loaned by granddaughters and great-grand- 
daughters, Mrs. Charles Carroll, Sr., Shawnec- 
town, III., Mrs. Wm. Rid-gway, and others. 

John Marshall came to Illinois, 1806, aged twenty- 
two years, as bookkeeper for "The Illinois Salines" then 
operated by the United States on the frontier. The 
journey was made on horseback from Post Vincennes. 
When Shawneetown was laid out, Mr. Marshall was 
appointed land agent, and later served as postmaster for 
fifteen years. Illinois' first bank occupied the long draw- 

ing room of John Marshall's home and he acted as its 
president from 1816 to 1843. He was a member of the 
first session of the Illinois House of Representatives, 
1818. He fought at the Battle of Tippecanoe and was 
made lieutenant-colonel during the War of 1812. Died 

By Miftin, 1835. 

Loaned by granddaughters and great-grand- 

Amira Leech Marshall, wife of John Marshall, was 
the daughter of Judge George Leech of Vincennes and 
came to Illinois with her husband in 1806. 

By a contemporary artist. 

Presented by his children, Edward and Mary 
Coles, 1883. 

For biographical sketch see No. 3. 

Presented by Mrs. Ellen Hamilton Keenon, 1904. 
For biographical sketch of R. J. Hamilton see No. 4. 

By a contemporary artist. 

Presented by Elizabeth Duncan Putnam and 
William Clement Putnam. 

For biographical sketch see No. 4. 

By Ralph Clarkson. 

Presented by Joseph S. Martin. 

John P. Altgeld, governor of Illinois, was born in 
Germany, 1847, and brought to the United States when 
he was three months old. At sixteen he entered the 
Union army and fought until the close of the war. In 
1875, he came to Chicago. He was judge of the Superior 
Court, 1886-91; governor of Illinois, 1893-97. He died 
in 1902. 

Painted from life by Webber. 
Presented by Mr. C. F. Gunther. 

Shabonee, or Shabbona, born 1775, a grandnephew of 
Pontiac, fought under Tecumseh, but when this uprising 
was defeated, he and his friend the Sauganash lost faith 
in the British allies and became firm friends of the 
Americans. He took no part in the Fort Dearborn 
Massacre, absenting himself from the vicinity of the 
fort until the day following, when he assisted the Kinzie 
family. In the Winnebago and Black Hawk Wars, he 
performed invaluable services for the white pioneers, 
time and again saving the settlements from destruction 
by timely warnings. Died, 1859. 

By G. P. A. Healy, 1868. 
Presented by E. B. McCagg. 

Painted while Gen. Grant was still in command of the 
United States Army. 

Souvenirs of 
American History 

Objects Illustrating the 
History of Illinois 


Coat worn by Derrick Morley who served 
through the Revolutionary War as drum major. 

Family register of Derrick Morley's son, Russell 

Coat worn by Colonel Baum when he fell mortal- 
ly wounded at Bennington, Yt., Aug. 16, 1777. 

General Stark, hero of Bennington, as drawn by 
Nathan Wood. "Boys, there are the Redcoats and 
Tories. We must conquer them or tonight Molly 
Stark is a widow." 

Gun and pistol used by John MacChesney in 
the Revolutionary war and by Nathan MacChes- 
ney in the War of 1812. 

Powder horn, bearing legend, "Jeames Clarks 
Horn Maid in Red Ford, January 16, 1773." 

Drum used in Revolutionary War by ancestor of 
Mr. E. A. Warfield. 

Washington : lithograph by Delorme after por- 
trait by Julien. 

John Paul Jones, marine spy glass, used in the 
Revolutionary War by Capt Benjamin Page. 

Canteen carried by an Oneida Indian during the 

Engravings of revolutionary subjects. 


Original verses in Hale's handwriting. Presented 
by Mrs. William G. Hibbard, Sen. 

With the above are photographs of the Hale statute by 
Bella Lyon Pratt, and an engraving representing the scene 
of Hale's death, by A. H. Ritchie. 


Two silver tumblers, part of a service owned 
and used by Maj. John Whistler, the builder of 
Fort Dearborn, while he was in command there, 
1803-10. The maker of this service was John 
Kinzie, silversmith, Chicago's first civilian. 

Button from the uniform of Col. James S. 
Swearingen, who commanded the troops on their 
march from Detroit to build and garrison Fort 
Dearborn, in 1803. 

Silver spoon once the property of Lieut. Swear- 

Button from Capt. Nathan Heald's uniform in 
War of 1812. 

Portrait of Rebekah Heald, wife of Capt. Heald, 

Silver ladle, teaspoons and wide tortoise shell 
comb that were among Mrs. Heald's wedding pres- 
ents brought to Fort Dearborn. Stolen by the 
Indians in the Massacre, they were bought back 
in St. Louis. 

Gold breast-pin bearing monogram "S. W." 
(Samuel Wells), worn by Mrs. Heald at the time 
of the Massacre. 

Tortoise-shell comb, gold mounted, a wedding 
present to Mrs. Heald from Col. John O'Fallon. 
This was worn by Mrs. Heald the day of the Mas- 
sacre, and after she had been wounded she saw an 
Indian brave wearing it in his hair. 

Bullets imbedded in piece of cottonwood tree, 
from 18th St., near the Lake, where the Massacre 

Bead reticule, carried by Mrs. Jean Baptiste 
Beaubien (Josette La Framboise), who passed 
through the Fort Dearborn Massacre with the 

Caroline Beaubien : photograph. 

Jane C. Griggs, daughter of Captain Wells and 
Chief Little Turtle's daughter; tintype. 

Martha J. Spaulding (daughter of Jane Griggs) 
and her daughters, Mrs. Eva C. Corthell and Mrs. 
Janette Thornton ; miniature on porcelain. 

Miniature of Capt. William Wells, government 
interpreter and scout, who, with thirty Miamis, 
came from Fort Wayne, Indiana, to escort the 
garrison from Fort Dearborn. He fell, fighting 
aganist great odds, and his heart was eaten by the 
Indians to make them brave. 

Gold knee buckle worn by Capt. William Wells. 

Tomahawk and peace pipe, once the property of 
William Wells. 

Ink-well made from wood of "Old Fort Dear- 

Dr. Alexander Wolcott, Jr., Indian agent and 
physician at Fort Dearborn, 1818-1830; miniature 
painted by Mrs. John H. Kinzie. 

John Harris Kinzie, who as a lad of nine years 
witnessed the Fort Dearborn Massacre from the 
boat in which the family escaped: photograph of 

Sword of Capt. Nathan Heald, used in the Fort 
Dearborn Massacre, August 15, 1812. 

Mrs. Heald's trunk, made from a hollowed log 
covered with calfskin. This carried her trousseau 
when she came as a bride to Fort Dearborn, the 
honeymoon journey being made on horseback, and 
later passed through the Massacre. 

War of 1812 chapeau, with case for plume. 

Bolts, handmade nail, and pieces of wood from 
the frigate Constitution. 

Cannon ball and grape-shot from Ft. Meigs, 1813. 
Commodore Perry's spy-glass. 

Gold epaulets of General J. B. Beaubien, who 
led a company of Chicago Militia in the Black 
Hawk War, 1832. 

Reticule carried by Ellen Marion (Kinzie) 
Bates, the first white child born in Illinois. 

Watch, engraved E. M. Bates, which belonged to 
Mrs. Bates. 

Silverware from the service used by Mrs. Bates, 
marked with the Kinzie crest. Loaned by Mrs. 
Kinsie Bates, Asheville, N. C. 

31. COTTON- WOOD TREE, three feet in 
diameter, known as the "Massacre Tree," it being 
one of a grove that marked the site of the Battle 
Ground at Eighteenth Street. Replaced in 1893 by 
the Massacre Monument. 

Study for a painting representing the Fort 

Dearborn Massacre, painted by Samuel Page, 

The principal group in the foreground represents Mrs. 
Helm being rescued by Black Partridge. 


Souvenirs of Lafayette's visit to Kaskaskia in 
1825, when he was entertained at the homes of 
Thomas Mather, John Edgar and others. Loaned 
by a descendant of Thomas Mather, Mrs. Lucius 

The gloves bearing the miniature of Lafayette were 
worn by Mrs. Thomas Mather and treasured because they 
had been kissed by the gallant Frenchman in saluting the 
ladies of the receiving party. 


Costume accessories worn by Illinois belles in 
Kaskaskia, Max Manor in Edgar County, and in 
Alton, 111. 

These heirlooms have been loaned to the Society by 
three ladies whose families have lived in Illinois through- 
out its century of statehood, Mrs. Lucius Pardee, Mrs. 
C. H. Dennis, and Mrs. Catherine Buckmaster Curran. 


Saddle and bridle used by General Grant during 
the War of the Rebellion. 

Revolver carried during the war in Grant's 

Tickets used in making delivery of fire-wood by 
"Grant & Perkins," of which Grant was senior 

Bill-of-lading book of Jesse R. Grant, containing 
Grant's hand-writing. 

Confederate short swords. 

Vicksburg paper of July 2, 1863, printed on wall 

Sabre, revolver and bowie knife used in Mexi- 
can War. 



Sword, cap, belt, buttons and sash from Col. 
Ellsworth's uniform. 

"Manual of arms for light infantry," by E. E. 

Bible owned by Col. Ellsworth. 

Gift Book presented by Ellsworth to his fiancee, 
Miss Carrie M. Spofford. 

"Zouave drill, a manual of arms," by Col. 
Elma (!) E. Ellsworth. 

Photograph and wreath placed on Ellsworth's 
casket by Mrs. Abraham Lincoln. 

Earthenware teapot from the Marshall House, 
Alexandria, Va., where Ellsworth was killed. 

Drum of "Billy Nevins," champion drummer of 
the Ellsworth Zouaves. 

Portraits of Ellsworth, badges, etc. 

Three signal service messages signalled by Lt. 
Frank E. Yates of the Ellsworth Zouaves, 1862. 


Diploma of the Zouaves, 1859, drawn by Elmer 

Portraits of Chicago Zouaves, 25th anniversary, 



Mementoes of Taylor's Battery B, First Illinois 
Light Artillery. Presented by Mr. Albert Dick- 
inson. " j * 

Mementoes of the Chicago Board of Trade 
Battery, Illinois Volunteers, 1862-65. Presented 
by Silas Curtis Stevens. 

CHICAGO, organized, 1861 ; photographed by 

Frank G. Logan collection. 

Coat and stock worn by Lincoln at the time of 
his assassination. 

Shawl brought from Springfield and worn con- 
stantly while president. 

Last signature, made for Charles Forbes on 
leaving the White House for theater. 


Piece of silk stained with Lincoln's blood, being 
part of the sleeve of the gown worn by Miss Harris, 
who accompanied President and Mrs. Lincoln to 
the theater. 

Lock of Lincoln's hair. 

China and glass from President Lincoln's White 
House service, 1861-65. (Logan collection.) 

Knife which Lincoln usually carried. (Logan 

Piece of genuine "Lincoln Rail" purchased of 
his early associate, Dennis F. Hanks. 

Early school book bearing autograph "Abe 
Lincoln, 1828." (Logan collection.) 

Lincoln's home made arithmetic. Loaned by 
Miss Katharine D. Arnold. 

Campaign and funeral badges, medals, portraits, 

42. IRON SAFE from the home of Hon. John 
Marshall of Shawneetown, 111. 

The first bank in the Territory of Illinois was estab- 
lished by the United States Government, at Shawneetown 
in 1816, to take care of the land sales and as an encour- 
agement to emigration to the frontier. John Marshall 
was the first president, holding that Office until 1843. 


This safe was used by the Land officers of the Federal 
Government -at Palestine for keeping moneys received 
from the sale of public lands in Illinois. This was in 
use in the '20s. 


"Battle-cry of Freedom," by George F. Root. 

"300,000 More," by G. R. Poulton. 

"Union, God and Liberty." 

"Grafted Into the Army." 

"United States Zouave Cadets," and others. 

Portrait bust by Lorado Taft. 

George Frederick Root, born Massachusetts, 1820, 
taught music in Boston, for some years, then went to 
Paris for further study. In 1853 he produced his first 
popular song, "Hazel Dell." This was followed by 
others, ''Rally Round the Flag;" "Just Before the Battle, 
Mother;" and "The Battle-Cry of Freedom." Died 1895. 

Mr. Lorado Taft, the sculptor, is a present-day 

46. PIANO brought to Illinois by George 
Flower, 1818, and used in Park Manor, New 
Albion, Edwards County, 111., by his sister, Miss 
Martha Flower. 

47. PIANO purchased at Sanitary Fair, 1865. 
Loaned by the Grand Army Hall and Memorial 
Association of Illinois. 



Key and key-hole shield from the "Maine." The 
gift of Mrs. E. E. Ayer. 

Service hat, first aid bandage, and ammunition 
carried by Frank E. Ay res, 1898. 

Hand grenade, barbed wire, and pouch used in 
the present war. The last named was sent home 
by Edward Nussbaum of Chicago, with the first 
A. E. F. in France. The pouch was found in the 
first German trench taken by the Americans. 

Corridor Exhibits 

drawn from the collection of Air. M. G. Chandler, 
in the Chicago Historical Society's Building. 


51. ILLINOIS VIEWS, in the '40s. 
Lithographs by H. Lewis. 

52. CHICAGO IN 1857. 

Bird's eye view by I. T. Palmatary ; published by 
Braunhold & Sonne. 

53. CHICAGO IN FLAMES, October 9, 1871. 
Five lithographs loaned by Mr. Charles B. Pike. 


Western Sun, September 5, 1807. Vincennes, 
Indiana Territory. 

In 1807, Indiana Territory included Illinois. Note the 
reference to "Counties of Randolph and St. Clair." 

Illinois Intelligencer, March 10, July 21 and 28, 
1819. Kaskaskia, 111. 

Illinois Gazette, March 16, 1820. Shawnee- 
town, 111. 

Edwardsville Spectator, July 18, 1820. Ed- 
wardsville, 111. 


A piece of wood from the Lawrence, Commo- 
dore Perry's flag ship at the Battle of Lake Erie, 
Sept. 10th, 1813. The Lawrence was afterwards 
sunk in the harbor of Erie, where its timbers 
remained many years. Presented by the Buffalo 
Historical Society. 


Portraits, pictures, fac-similes, etc. 


Series of paintings illustrating Chicago history. 
Loaned by the City of Chicago. 

I. Chicago before advent of whites : Wolfe's 

II. Marquette and Jolliet, 1673. 

III. French Fort at Chicago, 1685. 

IV. Portage from the Desplaines to the Chi- 

cago River, about 1765. 
V. Fort Dearborn and Kinzie House, 


VI. Fort Dearborn Massacre, 1812. 
VII. Hubbard's Trail, 1827. 
VIII. Illinois and Michigan Canal, 1848. 
IX. Camp Douglas, 1862. 
X. Great Fire of 1871. 
XL World's Fair, 1893. 

XII. Mouth of Drainage Canal and Memorial