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Full text of "An illustrated postal directory with map and historical notices, of twenty parishes in East Cornwall, for the new century. From A.D. 449 to 1901"

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ap & Hisl^p^',:^- JMotices 



T CORNWALL. 



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VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



ZU Capital $i Counties Bank, Cta. 

ESTABLISHED 1834. 

Authorised Capital, /y, 500,000. Subscribed Capital, ^5, 000,000. 

Paid-up Capital, /i, 000, 000. Reserve Fund, ^750,000. 

DIRECTORS. 

EDWARD BAVERSTOCK MERRIMAN, Esq., Chairman. 

The Most Hon. The MARQUIS OF AILESBURY. 

WILLIAM LANE CLAYPON, Esq. 



Sir LIONEL E. DARELL, Bart. 
WILLIAM GARFIT, Esq., M.P. 
EDWIN HENTY, Esq. 
JAMES HENRY "KEMM, Esq. 



HENRY KIMBER, Esq., M.P. 
WALTER A. LOMER Esq. 
JOSIAH TIMMIS SMITH, Esq. 
WILLIAM WILLIAMS, Esq. 



k 



Head Office-3^, Threadneedle Street, LONDON. 

GEORGE A. HARVEY & ERNEST D, VAISEY, Joint General Managers 

ROBERT C. HENDERSON, City Manager. 

JOHN J. MACDONALD, Chief Acco.untant. 

ARCHIBALD F. SIMPSON, Chief Inspector of Bkanches, 

FRANK W. ROSE, Secretary. 

Branches and Agencies in Cornwall and Devon : 
BODMIN Manager, Mr. C. B. ALLARD. 

Agencies-CAMELFORD & WADEBRIDGE. 
FALMOUTH " Managef,' Mr. C. N. L. BLACKMORE. 

Ag&ncy— PENRYN. 
LISKEARD ... Manager, Mr. A. H. WILLIAMS. 

AoEHCiifS-CALLINGTON & LOOE. ' '^ 

PENZANCE ... Manager, Mr. P. MARRACK. 

Agency— SCILLY ISLES, (St. Mary's.) 
ASHBURTON Manager. Mr. E, B LENTON. 

Agency— BUCKFASTLEIGH. 
DAWLISH ... Manager, Mr. W. STONEMAN. 

DEVONPORT ... „ Mr. J. C. BARWIS. 

NEWTON ABBOT ;. „ Mr. T. M. HOSKIN. 

Agencies— BOVEY TRACEY & CHUDLEIGH. 
PLYMOUTH Manager, Mr. C. W. POLKINGHORNE. 
TEIGNMOUTH ...^ Manager, Mr. R. ALSOP. 

Current Accounts opened in London on terras u.snal among London Rankers. 

Deposit KeceipiS issued in London, and Interest allowed at rates as advertised from 
time to Lime. 

At the Country Branches, Current and Deposit Accounts opened. Deposit Receipts and 
Drafts issued, an<l all other Banking? business transacted on the usual terms. 

Dividends _and Coupons collected. Investments in and Sales of Home .and Foreigfn 
Securities effected Moneys received and advised for customers free of charge between al) the 
offices. 

Circular Kotcs and Letters of Credit are issued payable in the principal Cities and Towns 
of the Continent, and Letters of Credit are also issued payable ia America, New Zealand, 
Australia, and el.'^cwhere. 

The Aseucy of Koreign and Country Banks is undertaken. 

Tile OfUuera of the Bank are bound to' secrecy. 



venning's postal directory. 



IDOllDGE 8c e--, 

170, Uriion street, PLYMOUTH, 

^ookAcUerA, gtationer^, g ® 

AND 

tarae ana waricd Stoek to select from. 

^=si^^ — .. ■ .., — - ■ 

iChe best House for School Prizes. 

BIBLES, PRAYER, AND 



BOOKS, & CHURCH SERVaCES, 
-^ g^ m GREAT VARIETY. 

CeatDer 6ooa$ of all kina$. 

Purses, Bags, Letter Cases, Pocket Books, &c. 

of^EAPEST lOjif^OW ALBUM " Se. 

Writing Cases, SnRsiands, ^esRs, & WorR Sioxes. 

WEDDING CARDS k MOURNING CARDS. 

Samples sent on application. 
CALL AND INSPECT OUR STOCK. 

Note the Address: — 

170, Uqior] St., Plyrqouth. 



VENNING'S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



ACCIDEHTS, DISEASE, FIDELITY, 

WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION, 

PLATE GLASS, BURGLARY. 



Bfc i^nWh tffci 4 



icciaetit Insurance Company (Ctd.) 

10, St. SWITHIN'S LANE, LONDON, E.G. 

Founded 1849. Claims Paid £1,000,000. 

Thos. Potter, Manager and Secretary. 

Particulars and Rates of Insurance on application to 

R. HANCOCK, Solicitor, Callington. 
or J. VENNING, Printer, Callington. 

NETHERTON & WORTH, 

STATIONERS, BOOKSELLERS, PRINTERS. «£c.. 

e & T, LEMON STREET, TRURO. 

Publisher of Daniel & Collins' HISTORY of CORNWALL, 

Crown 8vo. cloth, p.p. 476, price 7/6, by Post, 8/». 

Tourists' Guide to Cornwall, compiled by Annie E. Argall, F'cap 
8vo. cloth, p.p. ibg, Price 1/-, by Post, 1/2. 

The celebrated Depot for Cornish Tales in the Provincial Dialed, by 
Tregeli.as, Forfar, Isabell, Bennetts, and Others, from 6d. to 4/6 each. 

Write for Lists. 

I n PAUL CT^iasxoeK, 

^' ^* ^ rwjhm^ jjggjgj, ^ Qaf f laje Proprielop. 

»/(5X EXCURSION PARTIES CATERED FOR. XcN* 

Brakes, Char-a-bancs, & Private Carriages, 

Provided at Short Notice. 

BraKe runs to Launceston Qvery Saturday. 



venning's postal directory. 



29, 30 $ 31, Beatora street, 

AND 

6, CorniDall Street, FHIIiif 1. 

AND 

LADIES' OUTFITTER, 

Invites Inspection to his STOCK of 

Black Silk^ and f Mantles, Jackets, 
Velvets, ,^^* Millinery, 

-Hr^ m Costume^ and 

Dre55 Materials, J- -^ Skirt^. 



BABY-LIIIEN AHD LADIES' UNDERCLOTHIf(G. 

DRESS-IAKING. MA11TLE-MAKIN&. AND MILLINERY 

ORDERS EXECUTED ON THE PREMISES, 

Under experienced Management, at the shortest notice. 



EVERY REQUISITE FOR 

FAIVIILY IVIOURNING 

IN STOCK. 



6 



venning's postal directory. 



Are you going to SOUTH AFRICA or any of H.M. Colonies ? 
If so, do not fail to get your outfit from 

C. HARRIS & SON, TAVISTOCK. 

DRESS-MAKING. TAIIxORING, MILLINERY. 




Wedding & Mourning Orders executed in a few hours notice. 

Miners and "Workmen generally, are well provided for at 
Harris & Son's. ^f° Cord, Mole, Duck and Drabhette Suits. 

We have the largest Depots in districfl for DRAPERY, 

CLOTHING, FURNISHING, &c. (none cheaper.) 

Suits, Hats, Shirts, Overcoats, Waterproofs, Oilers, BOOTS & SLIPPERS, 

(guaranteed for hard uieav). TRUNKS, BOXES, &c. 

SEWING MACHINES, 
INVALID TABLES, 

<&c.. 

In fad, we can supply . . . 
everything ! ^(^ 

Newest PRAMS, and 
BASSINETTES^ 

(Minia turc Whiteleys) 
FROM 21s. TO £5. 

Cash or easy Payments, 

OR 

on Hire at 5/- per month. 




VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



C. HAPPB3 & SON, 

--m- Cycle Agents, TAVISTOCK. 

We fiaue just visited iKe JOondon Cycle SRows, 



RALEIGH, TRIUMPH, ROVER, RAGLAN, STAR CYCLES, 

ey<3X FREE OR FIXED WHEELS. KaK^ 

IS- WE SUPPLY THE TAVISTOCK CHAMPIONS. 



NEWEST LAMPS. 

BELLS. STANDS. &C. 



Sliding taught S*ree» 



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80 CYCLES IN STOCK i; NEARLYi5500 SOLD:! 

NewJMachines,/w;/^ £5. Second-hand, /row 30/-, fov workman. 

Cellular & Jaeger's Clothing. )i^- 

->^( Devon Blankets & Serges. 

^XsX CLOTHINQ CLUBS SUPPLIED. KqK> 



Give, us a TRIAL,vca.iey, willyoit ? we do noifeav the- * VERDICTJ 



8 venning's postal directory. 



mWT ^ .„.. , 



eX^ BOOT WAREHOUSE, K^ 
Fore St., CALLINGTON, and at St. IVE. 

A large assortment of Boots and Shoes, Leggings, Gaiters, 

&c., always in Stock, to suit all buyers. 

Boots & Shoes made lo order. Repairs neatly executed. 

FRED J. PAUL, CALSTOCK, 

(NEXT DOOR TO POST OFFICE.) 

ill the Best Maker 

Accessories. Catalogues Post Free. 



/D\ff^i pO By all the Best Makers. X^ 



^x?x SHOVEL, K^ 

ForQ Street, CALLINGTON- 



A 



CCIDEIMTS 



Of All Kinds, and Certain Diseases. 

INSURED AGAINST BY THE 

Railway Passengers Assurance Co. 

ESTABLISHED 1849. 
Also RAILWAY ACCIDENTS, 

EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY, 

WORKMEN'S ACCIDENTS, and BURGLARY. 

FIDELITY GUARANTEES GRANTED ON FAVOUnABLS TERMS. 

Anuual Income, £255,000. Funds in hand, £330,000. 
Capital fully subscribed, £1,000,000. 

CLAIMS PAID, OVER £4,300,000. 
64, CORNHILL, LONDON, E.G. 

A. VI AN, Secretary. 

Agent- Mr. J. VEJ^JVUVG, Calling ton. 



venning's postal directory. 



9 



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e 5 els ftp fls '^ <c- cp <•« cp ^p ^ '^' '^p *+'' 1*^ 



AND 






"§ ESTABLISHMENTS. §« 

11 & 12, Bedford St., d(f 

^P^LYMOUTH. 



-®- 



eio^^ to th^ GUILD 

AND THE 

POST 



-®- 



Wkdding ® Cakes. 



/ 



10 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 




iafora ^ Co. 




I^VmoUtH- 





en. 



SpQciaS atteqtioi] 15 devoted to 

LINOLEUMS kHD FLOOR GOl/ER/IUGS, 

OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. 



READY-MADE 




CarpQt Square^ 

in all sizes, with Borders 
to match. 



Axmirjster. 
Brussels. 
Kidderminster. 

Neiv est Designs. Best Value. 

IflLAlD LINOLEUMS with everlastinji Pattern, Coloured 
and Blocked ri^ht through to the back. 

ESTIMATES FREE. 
POPHAM, RADFORD & Co., PLYMOUTH. 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



11 



Pop! 




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'•w'vaer^r-^ 



PLYMOUTH. 



.X5^. e O M P 1^ E X 

House f 



.K^X. 



DWELLINGS OF EVERY SIZE 

From COTTAGE 

-i8fc»^To NIANSION, 

FURNISHED THROUGHOUT. 






I 



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05 



Co 



Hew Show Rooms at Corner of Bedford Arcade & East Street. 

COMPLETE HOUSE FURNISHERS. 
POPHAM, RADFORD & Co., PLYMOUTH. 



12 



venning's postal directory. 









,AS>i. The Reliably Firm, K5k- 

199, High St., EXETER. 

FOR 1^- 




=\^i=^ 



Dcu) llliistratec! Catalogue, <^^ 
<Hi^ Post Free, anp fldaress* 



All Goods sent CABRBAGE FREE and with 

IS- 10 YEARS Warranty. 

^=^^t=^ 



,x^^ The Reliable Firm, XcX. 

199, High St., EXETER. 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



13 




CALLINOTON 

Cemperance l)otel atia PuDllc l)alK 

Parties Catered for <- 

-> at Short Notice. 



4 



Exceilent Accommodation 

FOR 

Cyclists, Visitors, -^^ IS „ 4.- • i. -4. d u 

^ . , ^ f Posting in all its Branches. 
Tourists, Farmers, ^ .^nx^_-^. ^>^ 

Cricket & Football Teams. 5 Hot and Cold Baths. 

Dining, Commercial, Sitting, k Bed Rooms. 

Ordinary Dinner every Wednesday at 1/6. «^(5><KiK. 

<^-^XK9^ Tea at 5 p.m. 6d. each. 

GOOD STABLING. PIANO LET ON HIRE. 

dUineral Specimens ^ougHf, Sold, or SxciRanged, 

JEHU RICHARDS, Proprietor. 



■"'^ 



14 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



W. & E. JANE, 

OUTFITTING, DRAPERY & MILLINERY Establistiment. 

Central Stouse, CALLINGTON. 



Gent's Suits, 
Youth's do. 
Juvenile do. 
Hats, Caps, 
Collars, 
Cuffs, Ties, 
Shirts, 
Vest& Pants 



Costumes, 

Mantles, 

Jackets, 

Overalls, 

Blouses, 

Umbrellas, 

Sunshades, 



Millinery, 
Dress Goods, 
Velvets, Silks, 
Satins, Laces, 
Feathers, 
Flowers, 
Ribbons, 
Trimmings, 



Gloves, 
Hosiery, 
Under- 
Clothing, 
Baby Outfits 
Calicoes, 
Flannels, 
Blankets, &c. 



Funeral and Wedding Orders promptly attended to. 

A splendid STOCK of OVERCOATS and MACINTOSHES, 
Style and Value Unsurpa.ssed. 





\^i^j^r* 





KELLY Bf?AY, eaSlington. 



Gates, Hurdles, and every description 
of Ti77iber in Stock. 



Venning's postal directory. 



15 



THE OBSERVATORY, 

87 FORE STREET, DEVONPORT. 

Established 1806. 



EY 








A-rA 



ight: 




PLEASE BEAD THIS. 



PS" 



Can you rend this sentence, without the aid of Glasses. 



If not, consult J. COOMBES, Optician 

and Admiralty Agent, (Successor to W. C. Cox 
and Cox & Coombes,) of 87 Fore Street, Devonport, 
who will be very pleased to give you the advice, 
which his long experience and extensive pradice has 
thoroughly qualified him for. 

Being a PRACTICAL OPTICIAN, he is able to produce 
Spectacles to suit any sight WITHIN an hour; unless the Customer 
is suffering from Astygmatism, or some other peculiarity of vision, 
lenses for which would have to be specially ground. 

Do not, on any acccount, attempt to selecfl spectacles your- 
self; but, if you value your sight, let an Optician prescribe the 
necessiiry glasses. 



PEBBLE SPECTACLES 

GLASS 

GLASS CLIPS 



from 5/- per pair. 



i> 



l6 VENNING'S P05TAL DIRECTORY. 



-^ E. & Eo SHOWN, ^- 

firocers, Cea $i Prooision Dealers, 

PATENT MEDICINE VENDORS, &c., -^^^^ 

-^ CALLING TON. 

ilaentsfor "Western mornSxia" ana **Weeklp news/* 

EARLY CLOSING 1 O'CLOCK THURSDAYS. 




. SMITH, 
Whiteford, Callington. 

"--=^gag !l '- -»«J<,^><g€NC>t)»>'gg EBg' ' ' ' ■ 

piS" Pic-nic and School Parties, Cyclists, 
Tourists, &c., Catered for. 

GOOD STABLING ACCOMMODATION. 

T TTTSTTftHT 

Draper, Grocer, Tea and General 
Provision Merchaqi, 

OLD MILL, STOKECLIMSLAND. 

AGRICULTURAL SEEDS in every variety, 

—^- KEPT SN STOCK. -1^^ 

FLOUR— Fine and Superfine, Bran, Maize, Maize Meal, 
Barley and Barley Meal, Oats crushed and whole, &c. 

Gaal delivered ia order, -jc- S*etroieum^ &c.^ «fec. 




VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



17 




'"fn 



^si^. 



-# 




ESTABLISHED 1850. 



Peruvian Guano 

Nitrate of Soda 

Bone Meal 

Crushed Bone 

Odams' Manures 

Goulding's do. 

Ohiendorff's do. 

Coal, Coke 

House and Manure Salt 

All kinds of Farm Seeds 






Flour 

Wheat 

Barley 

Oats 

Maize 

Bran 

Sharps 

Barley and Indian Meal 

Hay, Reed 

Spears, Thatching Cord 



<^:»»x.<^:»»x«x,,>x*»x*»x»*x»*XK»«XK»«XK*«x»»XKK*«x**x»*x«*«X"5^ 

LINSEED CAKB. G) 
COTTON ® CAKE. 
(0 COM POUND CAKE. 



STOCKS of the aboVe afways in Store, 
at POLBATHIC & PLYMOUTH. 



> » »> 



SPECIAL QUOTATIONS FOR LARGE QUANTITIES. 



18 



VKNNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY, 



^j>' 



Special Patterns to prevent Choking. 



■ ^v^^. 



"RELIABLE" 

ORSE Rakes / 

are easy to work and durable. / fc) ^ 

At ^ 

t^ ^ II Parts for 

'/ .\ // Ploughs. 



AND 



chisellers/q $ 



are the best in 







General Smith 
Work. 



All Implements 

Warranted 
Satisfactory 




Steel Cultivator 
Feet in stock. 

B«pair8 to all descriptions 
of 



Implements and Machinery. 



SPECIALITY : 

REPAIRS TO 

HARVESTING 
- MACHINES. 

Agent for Steam & Oil Engines, 
Binders, Reapers, IVlowers, 
Corn Drills, Grist Mills, Chaff 

Cutters, &c., &c. 

SpeciaSly low prices for 
Cash buyer^. 



venning's postal directory. 



19 



JOSEPH MAY GROSE^ 

66 & 67, GEORGE St., PLYMOUTH, 

Ladies', Gentlemen's and Children's 
(p Otitfitter. 

66, GEORGE STREET, 

DEVOTED TO 

^ Oentknten's Deparliients, f^ 

ANL> 

67, GEORGE STREET, 



DEVOTKD To 



Ladies' and Children s Departments. 



^^ 



<'^U^m-'^ 



LIST OF DEPARTMENTS. 



Ladies' and Children's 

HOSIERY & GLOVES. 
UNDERCLOTHING 

In ALii ITS Bkanxhef. 



Wedding and Outfitting 
(Orders 

Attended to with care & promptness. 

Infants' Robes, Frocks, 
Pelisses, Cloaks, Bibs, &c., &c. 

PARASOLS & UMBRELLAS. 

Handkerchiefs & Neckerchiefs. 

Laces, Linen Collars & Cull's, Fancy 

Aprons, Woollen Squares 

Baberdabhoij. 



ge:ntlemen's 
Hosiery and Gloves 



Shirts, Collars and ^^ais 

Shirts kept in stock in ali sizes. 

Shins made to nieasuie, li;, quaUty, 

and work guaranteed. 



TIES AND SCARVES. 

Siugs & "dressing Sowns, 
UMBRELLAS. 



PYJAMA LLEEFif^G £1113. 



WAISTC; ATS, 
CUICKliV sMRTS, .iiul 



20 



venning's postal directory. 



V^. ^Q^. ID 



V«i£**'^ 




K>, 



Sol<^ Agents for f:^e District, for 




FRISTER .^ ROSSMAN'S 
Celebrated Sft wing MadllBI 



• ,f. 



=^ 



A LARGE STOCK OF 

Cooking Ranges. 

Tile Grates, Marble ^ 

and slate Mantles, ^,./lV» 
Hearths, - - yCO^ 



'^■^Xm 



^ "^ ^-^ Rudi^e-Whitworth 



^ K- 




CYCLE 



Ci 



Fenders, 
and 
Curbs. ,^/>^ 



&c., &c. 



Accessories of every description, 
at lowest prices. 

^=^\==; 

Agent for Turner's celebrated Cutlery 

Table Knives, 3i9 half doz. Dessert Do. 3^3- 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



21 



(D_CALLINGTON._G) 

Oil Camps, l>eatind StODes, SiC 

IN GREAT VARIETY. 
- - - THE CELEBRATED - - ■ 

"LAMP - VERITAS" 

With 50 Candle PoWer Buriier. 
PRICE:- 17s. 6d. 

■ ^=^^^=. — — -m-')<^ ■ ^^1^ ■ 



Special aitention giVet] to the Wholesale 

Branch. 

Guilders, Smiths, &c., supplied ai lowest prices. 

Estimates given free for eyery 
branch of 

/^X. SANITARY & HOT 

' ^^ WATER PLUMBING, 

^^^'"V ElecU'ic Bells, 



large 
stock of 



IRON and X<^^1 yS'x Pumps, S'c, 




. . - BRASS 



Spring Mattresses, Wool 
Mattresses, Bed Chairs, &c., 

- - - - all at lowest prices. 



of every description. 
First-Class Work. 
Moderate 



AOENT FOR EVERY KIND OF MACHINES AT Co-OpERATIVE 

Prices. 



22 venning's postal directory. 



1» 



THE PLYMOUTH PHARMACY. 

ESSKS. WOODS & SON, Ms. P.S., Ph. C. dispense Phy- 
sicians' Prescriptions with accuracy and despatch. A.11 
drugs and chemicals used are of the highest possible quality, 
and every care is taken that the intention of the prescriber shall 
be faithfully carried out. Charges moderate. 

Orders by post sent by return and postage paid on medicines 
of 2/6 value and upwards. 

Wooas* lireca mt Cooti? Paste- 

The daily care of the Teeth is insisted upon by all Doctors 
and Dentists; and rightly so, because from defective teeth many 
disorders of digestion arise. To make the teeth white, to check 
decay, and to sweeten the breath, nothing is so effectual as 
Woods' Areca Nut Tooth Paste, which has THE LARGEST 
SALE IN THE WORLD. 

A perfect antiseptic, its composition is based on true scien- 
tific principles, and, after FORTY YEARS OF PUBLIC 
FAVOUR, it is to-day the best and cheapest Dentifrice. 

Sold everywhere in Pots and Collapsible Tubes, 6d. and Is. 
Tubes, post free., 

To make you?' hair bright and beautifiol, use 

woods* Quinine^ CantDarktnc ana Rosetnarp - 

which prevents the hair falling off, and produces a fresh growth. 
It may be had with or without grease as preferred, and by its 
use the hair is rendered soft and glossy. Price, 9d., 1/6, and 3/6. 
Post, 8d. extra. 

Sole Proprietors— W. WOODS & SON, Ms. P.S., 

Pharmaceutical and Dispensing Chemists, 

60, Bedford Street, PLYMOUTH. 
W. Woods and Son have always in stock a large and com- 
plete assortment of Specialities by the best makers. 

perfumes fj^om Atkinson, Bayley, Vinolia, Gosnell, Cros- 
smith, Muhlens, Piesse, and Lubin, Zenzo, Sainsbury, Roger 
and Gallet, Crown Perfumery Co. Special value in Eau de 
Cologne and Old English Lavender Water. 

COilCt JlrtiCkS. sponges, Hair, Nail and Tooth Brushes, 
Dressing Combs, Washing Gloves, Cosmetics, Pomades, Brillian- 
tine, &c. The finest English and Foreign Soaps and Toilet 
Powders in great variety. Tooth Pastes and Powders. Manicure 
Sets. 

WOODS' Plymouth PhaK^macy^SO, Bedford Street. 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 23 



THOMAS GRENFELL, 

Coalt £ime, . 



■ 8 " < ■ » w » w»«»i^^>»y^»wp^R » m i m p i ^)i ^>^i^>i^p. 




Cirtiber, and . 



6enerai D^erchant, 



o 



CALSTOCK. 



J. KITTOW, G) 

bellow ofii^ Auctioneers' Snsiiiute, 
and iHe Surveyors' Snstiiufion, 

West Holm^ Launceston. 

(Offices :— CHURCH STREET.) 

Sales by Auction of Farming Stock, Estates, Timber, 

Furniture, &c. 



Vasuations or Ccnant RiaDt Prolat e $ mortaascs. 

Surveys, Plans, and Reports made. 

- - - Rents collected and Estates managed. 
Agent for the principal Life and Fire Insurance Offices. 
Especially low rates t;f or Agricultural Labourers' 

Insurance. 



24 VENNING' S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 




Dortl) ^^^^m. D)alL 



A Conveyance leaves Callington for Saltash 

Every Week-day at 9-40 a.m., reaching St. MELLION at 10-15, 

PAYNTER'S CROSS at 10-25 ; HATT 10-35, in time to meet 

THE UP AND DOWN TRAINS, 

Due at Saltash at 11-20 a.m., returning from Saltash for Callington at 11-30, 

arriving at Callington at i p.m. 

OTHER CONVEYANCES WILL RUN AS USUAL, 

Leaving Saltash every morning on the arrival of the 7-15 a.m. train from 

Plymouth excepting Wednesdays, when the conveyance will leave Saltash on 

arrival of the 8-15 a.m. train from Plymouth. 

A CONVEYANCE ALSO LEAVES CALLINGTON 

Every evening at 6, arriving at Saltash in time to catch the up and down 

trains. 



FOUR-HORSE WAGGONETTES with every Convenience 
supplied at moderate charges. 



Proprietors— RICKARD Bros., 

Carriers and Mail Contractors, CALLINGTON. 



J. B. KELLY. Q 



erocer ana Draper. ?lour Dcakn etc. 
Ironmona^r, Staiioner. = = = = = 



BOOTS & SHOES at lowest prices. 

Discount of 5 per cent, on all cash orders of 2/6 and upwards. 
SMALL PROFITS-QUICK RETURNS. 

The Supply Stores, Landrake. 

E. SYMONS & SON, 

Coalt Coke ana Corn TOercDantSt 

AND MANURE AGENTS, 
— > CotQh^le Quay, St. MELLION. 

Barley & Maize Meal, Oats, Bran, Oil & Cotton Cake, 

Bibby's Meal, Manures, Guano, Bone Meal, Nitrate, 

Dissolved Bone, Phosphate, always in stock. 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



25 





Ulilliam Sweet ^ 

-^ e V e iii E ^<- 

Tailors and Outfitters, 

56, Union Street, PLYMOUTH- 

(Between Railway Arch and the Octagon.) 

Army and Navy Uniforms. Liveries complete. 

- - - Hunting, Shooting, and Fishing Suits. 

Tourists' Suits at the Shortest Notice. Ladies' Riding Habits, 
Jackets and Ulsters, made to Order, in all the Newest Styles. 

There's a fault in the make of some people's trousers. 
That makes you uneasy whenever you bow, sirs ; 
But the trousers at SWEET'S are so very pliant, 
They wouldn't give w-ay to the stoop of a giant. 

Scotch Tweed Trousers 12/9 per pair. 
West Tweed Trousers - 14/6 „ 

W. SWEET & SON, 5fi, Union Street, Plymouth ; 25 Victoria 
Street, Paignton ; S3, West Street, Tavistock. 

All Orders executed on the premises by Experienced Workmen under our own 

Supervision. 



26 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



TEAS. 



THE NOTED 



i 



Packet 



and loose 



TEAS 

from 

1/2 to 3/- 



Pattcrson's 



CAMP 



COFFEE. 



Sugars, 

Currants, 

Raisins, 



Plums, 



Apricots 
&c. 




BREAD. 



Go to the 



Hot Air 



Bakery 
for 



White 



and 



Brown 



BREAD 



Wedding 

and 
Birthday 



CAKES 



&c. 



Cheddar, 



American 



und 



Dutch 



CHEESE. 



Smoke 



& Ween 



Bacon 



& Hams. 



Groceries. JQUf^ MUGGINS, P'-°-^'°"«- 

CALLINGTON. 



venning's postal directory. 27 

^•G. TREWEEK, f» 



••CpC^Cgvj rfS^^ _-JMy /T e^^fiy ?^^N.t 




Cnnrjilnnlkr --^^^^^^ nnl^ laintrr, 



LABURNUM ROW, CALLINGTON. 

Old Carriages Bought or taken in Exchange for New. Vehicles of all kinds 

Repaired and Re-painted in first class style. Wheels Oiled at per .year or 

Quarter on reasonable terms. Fainting; executed for the Trade. 

cha1rIIe~rIci^^ 

Butcher -^ and ^ Farmer, 

CHURCH STREET. CALLINGTON. 



POULTRY PROCURED TO ORDER. 

SAMBLE 8c BUCKINGHAM, 

5abMers, Paniess ^Uliikrs; ^ Ironmongers, 

Scythes & Hooks, Manure Forks, Patent Nails, Shovels, &c. 

Petroleum, Benzoline, Harness and other Oils, Anti-Friction Grease, Resin 

Pitch, Prepared Paints, Soft Soap, Turpentine. &c. 

Carriage and Cart Lamps. 

A. WBARING, 

Ironmonger, Practical Plumber, Gas Fitter, 

BelUianger, & Tin Plate Worker, 

CHURCH STREET, CALLINGTON. 

A. W., respectfully informs the public that he is prepared to 

undertake any class of work in the above branches of his business 

and will j^uarantee to give general satisfaction. 

CHARGES STiaCTLY MODERATE^ 



28 



venning's postal directory. 



b^ 




) cyG c) (9 1 c) GI c) G> (i (sic) (ale) (s cyfalcyG tyw c)(d a (2 i 

Kit Hill Castle, 

:i;^=^CALLINGTON, 

(One and a half miles from Callington). 

^TA 6XdT- -tc>>^ ^^o^ ^^;^^Xo+^ ^^yVZXo^ ^^ySTxoT^ ^^/S <NaT^ 

07^6 0/ the best HEALTH . . 
BESOBTS in the Kingdom. 

Vku)$ are maanificeiit i?p Sea ana 
^x?X £ana. K^- 

4- 



Good Accommodation for - - 

- - VISITORS & TOURISTS. 

FURNISHED APARTMENTS WITH OR 
WITHOUT BOARD. 

Horse & Carriage hire provided. - 

Apply for terms to— H. MEDLAND, Proprietor, 

Kit Hill Castle, Callington, Cornwall. 

The East Cornwall Coach from Tavistock to and 
from Callington and Liskeard passes daily. 



P 



XX XX XX XX XX XX XX xxxxxxxxxxXxxxxxxxx>4 



b 



VKNNING'S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 29 

J. G SPEAR, & SON, 

ValiierSt Bouse ^ estate - - 

Hfleitts, §Cm ^c. = = = = 




ESTABLISHED OVER 40 YEARS. 

Ctttiftcatji) §nilifo, mhx, i\t §^atir ^ §i$(w£S 

Valu^r^ for Probate, Tru^t Estates, 

Mortgag^5, Land, Houses, Furniture, 
-ge Farm StocK, Hotels, Inns, &c. -^ 



Sales ana Valuations conuuctca in Cown and Countrp* 

Agent for the leading Life, Fire, Accident & Employers' 
Liability Insurance Offices; also for the principal 
Emigration Offices and Steam Ship Companies. 

J. Gj;. gi)eki^ ^ goii, Sxidtioneei^^, &d. 

Offices:- KENDALL GREEN, 

.CALLINGTON, CORNWALL. 



80 venning's postal directory. 

PAPKHOUSE & SONS, 

-♦g)6* Complete Mouse S'urnisRers, and Carpet -^ 

Warehousemen, 

p The Mart, 18, Bedford Street PLYMOUTH. 

The largest Furnishing Premises & Stock in the West of England. 
Auctioneers, House Agents, and Valuers for Probate, &'C. 

THOMAS BOWEN & Co., 

AUCTIONEERS, 
House, Estate, and Business Transfer Agents, 

- - - - Hotel and Public-House Valuers. 

Quarterly Property and Business Register issued. Stock and Furniture 

Salerooms, i Frankfort Buildings, Frankfort Street, Plymouth. 

Offices & Property Auction Mart:— 13 Courtney Street, PLYMOUTH. 

Telegraph Address: — "Bo wen, Plymouth." Telephone 0914. 

W. PKN DRKY, 

Dealer in Glass, CDina. Bru$De$> - 
mats. Petroleum, g^c^ Sic, = = = 
-^m- FORE STREET, GUNNiSLAKE. 
Photographic Views of the Neighbourhood. 

W. H. BUZZA & SONS, 

BniLDERS, CARPENT ERS, JOIMERS & nNflERTAKERS 

o. 4, THE SQUARE, 

CA.Xjli.ii:srC3-T03Nr. 




WALL PAPERS HUNG AT THE LOWEST PRICES. 



venning's postal directory. 



81 



ESTABLISHED 1856. 



It paps to 
ildDcrtise 
in ■ • ■ 



ornisD 



lines. 



THE POPULAR & OLD-ESTABLISHED WEEKLY. 



56 



COLUMNS. 
SATURDAY Id. 



Read by All Classes 
in East Cornwall. 



-«8^ 



THE CORNISH TIMES. 



The Sale of " The Cornish Times " in the Towns, 
ami Villages of East Corn-vTall preponderates over 
that any other Paper. 



THE CORNISH TIMES. 



Unless this Paper be employed, it is impossible 
for Advertisers to adequately reach the District 
from the Tamar to the Fowey. 



THE CORNISH TIMES 



Don't waste Time and Money by Advertising in 
Fourth-Class Papers, but send your Advertise- 
ment to 



THE CORNISH TIMES. 

Head Office :—LISKEARD. 
Callington Agency :— Mr. J. Venning, Fore Street. 



32 venning's postal directoy. 

CHARLES A. PRATT, 

Dispensiria = CDemist, 

THE PHA.RMACY, 

38, Fore Street, d^^ortrroad,) 

-Hi SALT ASH. 

Physicians' Prescriptions and Family Recipes dispensed 
with great care from the Purest drugs &; Chemicals. 

Requisites for tlie Sick Room & the Nursery. 

Orders by post or Telegram receive prompt attention. 

Telegrams :— " PRATT, SALTASH." 

FRED J. PAUL, CALSToeK, 

(NEXT DOOR TO POST OFFICE.) 

f^'Sff^l ET O Agent for Celebrated TRIUMPHS, 
^UYOL-Hid NUMBERS, &c., &c. 

Cyclealities. ' Catalogues Post Free. 

JOHN BALL, Dairyman, Greengrocer, 8lc., 

. . . Skinham Dairy, 49, Fore Street, SALTASH. 



,X?X GLASS AND CHINA DEALER. Xc>- 

Butter, em^f VcaetaUks, ^Co ?resD from m Tarm. 

JUNKETS MADE TO ORDER. 

CHARLES NETTING, 

doiiti'kdtof , Cki'-pei^tef, Joii^ei*, iJudet'tkkei' 

Wheelwright & House Decorator, 

ST. MELLION, 



j^AJV ILLUSTRATED 



iP ostat 'g)tVCCtOl-V, 

1/777/ 

MAP AND HISTORICAL NOTICES, 

OF 

TWENTY PARISHES IN EAST CORNWALL, 



FOR TIIK 



. NEW CENTURY . 



From A.D. 449 to 1901. 



BY JAMES VENNING, 

I'osuimtili r II ml I'lihlislirr, Callington ; Author of tioo previous editions of 
flu- H((inr Dircdor'H, published in ISSl and 1S'S7. 

Third Edition, trifh 110 IllHstrations, Edited hij the 

Rev. J. BIRKBECK, K.R.M.S. 

In 2 I'Aurs. 1'art l— Postal Diukctuky, pages 1 to 200. 
II.— Historical Notices. „ 1 to 282. 



First Edition, Drccmhcr, 1881. 

Second Edition, June, 1887. 

Third Edition, revised and enlarged, October, 1901. 



The Cluirc-lics of History are here shown. 
The History of Clnirches is made known ; 
These pages relate events of the past. 
And the records preserved will always last. 

Calliiuitoii 
J. N'KNNINi;. I'lllNTKi: AM) STATIU.N LK, I'osf UKI-ICK 

1901. 

ji£utcrc£) at Stationers' ll^aU. 



TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE 

The Earl of Mount Edocumbe, g.c.v.o., 



AS 



Lord Lieutenant oj't/ie County of Cornwall, 

AND 

C/t airman of the CorimvaU County Council, &c. 




Photo by ] 



The earl of MOUNT EDGCUMBE. 



[ Heath, Plymouth. 



Whose interest in all public matters— social as well as 
religious — in connection with the welfare of our county, 
has again and again been manifested ; and more particularly 
in that portion of east cornwall the history of whose 
Churches, Monuments, Antiquities, and Manors, &c., is 
recorded in these pages ; and especially for the great 
interest HIS Lordship takes in the arch.eological treasures 

OF THIS historic DISTRICT, AND WITH WHICH HIS NOBLE FAMILY 
HAVE BEEN CONNECTED FOR MANY HUNDREDS OF YEARS : 

This Uook is, wnii iirs kind permission, iskspectfullv dedicated. 



ipubltcihcr'0 iprcface. 



I have again been importuned to compile another edition — which makes 
the tldrd in the last twenty years — of my Postal Directory and Map of East 
Cornwall, combined with Historical Notices, covering a period of 1,400 
years. 

Each published edition lias had an increase of five hundred copies ABOVK 
the 2irevious issue, and I liave taken greater pains than ever to get the most 
reliable information from authentic sources, and liave endeavoured to make 




tup: publisher. 



tlie Diiectory part-wliicb nuist necessarily change in course of time— as 
accurate as possible n|) In I lit' time of going to press. 

T am greatly iii<lcbted to tlie Assistant Overseers and others who have 
most willingly furnished me \\ ith information as to the names and addresses 
of the connnercial and private residents in the various parishes, and the 
respective industries ; also to 1 lie I 'n>t masters for the Postal Arrangements 



throughout the district, and to the Clergy and Ministers for tlieir courtesy 
in rendering assistance, especially in the Historical part of my work, and 
for the facilities afforded in permitting Pliotographic Views, whicli I 
have obtained of every Parish Church and of the most important Chapels in 
the district. 

I am especially indebted to all who have patronized my work l)y 
advertising therein, by which I have been enabled to make it a useful book 
of reference for many years. It contains much more instructive and 
interesting matter than I could have otherwise given for the price at which 
it is now issued to the public. 

I am obliged to the proprietors of the "West Briton" for the loan of 
the photo blocks of our County Aldermen — D. Collins, Esq., J. P., J. W. 
Dingle, J. P., and W. Hawk, J. P.. 

In consequence of the enormous demand for the publication — 700 copies 
of which had been sold before the book was half printed, and as in all 
probability it will be the last to be published by me — I determined to make 
it a permanent work of interest, worthy of the opening of the New Century, 
and instead of containing only about 250 pages as at first intended, the com- 
bined edition is over 480 pages, and consequently I have been compelled 
to raise the prices of all unsold copies to make it at all remunerative. 

I have arranged the book in two separate parts : hrst, the Directoiy, 
with modern history and description of the parishes, and the second the 
Ancient History of Churches, Chapels, and ^lanors, etc., with illustrations. 
The parishes are arranged in aljihabetical order, with an Index of Contents 
to each for convenient reference. The Map, which I have had corrected up- 
to-date, with 1-mile circles, will \>e very usefvil to cyclists, tourists, 
and others, and is thoroughly reliable. 

Methodism, a subject most consistently neglected by the ordinary 
parochial historian, has received careful attention, and the history of the 
Established Church has had generous treatment. I have endeavoured to 
give a faithful and impartial record whose perusal may be a reminder of 
ancestral heritage and historical value. 

To eommercdal men and lovers of antiquity this edition will be found a 
useful handbook and guide to the district of East Cornwall, which abounds 
in historical interest as well as commercial enterprise, and it is published at 
such a low jnice that it is within reach of all classes in the neighbourhood. 




Callingtov, October 10th, 19U1. 



lBMtoi'5 preface 



A word of explanation witli regard to my connection with this 
Directory may he deemed necessary. An increased acqnaintance a\ illi tlie 
Ecclesiastical and other resources of this Distrii^t, induced me to entertain 
the idea of ^Yriting a treatise. Incidentally I found that tlie puhlisher 

intended to hring out a New Century 
Edition of his ' ' Postal Directory and 
Ancient History," in which he would 
give special attention to Church and 
Chapel Histories, iK:c. As tliis would 
to an appreciable extent secure my 
object, I con.sented to undertake tlie 
?^ditorship of this Directory. 

A careful comparison of tliis 
with the previous Editions, will 
clearly shew a considerable con- 
trast and improvement. The entire 
matter has been carefully revised, 
and many parts re-written. 
Numerous additions have been made, 
and every attention has been given 
to secure accurate ([notations and 
references. 

Due acknowledgement of contributions is given elsewhere. The con- 
tributors have been allowed as far as possible to express themselves in their 
own language, and in some instances, uniformity has been sacriliced in 
order to maintain originality. The Editor does not necessarily endorse all 
the views expressed; Ins aim lias Ikmmi a strenuous attempt at historic 
tnitli. 

The work has liccii (lone whilst attending to the superintendency of a 
large Circuit, but it isbojied tiic iicnnanciit valneof the " Historical Notices" 
in ])articular will attnic for any (lelini|uencies of the Editor. 

.lOSEPH BIRKr.ECK. 

IVcfiley Manse, Calliugton . 




38 venning's postal directory. 

Patronised €y 3f€er lafe Dfiajesfy ifie ^ueen. 

MR. J. HAWKE, 

♦ . PDotograpDe r, 

8, George Street, PLYMOUTH. 




^V= 



^ very special and leading feature at DTir. SffawRe's 
Studio, is tfie ever popular 

GUINEA SITTING. 

THIS INCLUDES 

12 exQuisitelp yinisDea J ^ 

Cabinet PDotograpDs, 




^ 



TOGETHER WITH AN ENLARGED PORTRAIT 
14^2 -^ 10^, Suitable for Framing. 

3^our positions are suSmitted for selection, and every- 
thing is done to sustain tHe reputation of THE 

OLD STUDIO. 

rs^ Note: 21/- Complete. 



Pliotographer by Royal Appointment, 



Zbc two ijrcat IRiUcrs of our (Tountr^ au^ 
)Empivc 1837^1001. 




We alno give the 
|)ortrait of His Most 
(Jracious Majesty, King 
Edward VII., not oidy 
because he is our riglit- 
fnl Sovereign, hut be- 
cause liis life from in- 
fancy lias been more 
closely associated with 
the District of Kast 
Cornwall for a longer 
])eriod, and to a greater 
extent than any other 
Monai-ch who has pre- 
cede<l iiim, as Duke of 
Cornwall, and l.()rd of 
some of its most ancient 
Manors, which formerly 
Ijelonged to the ancient 
Kings and Earls of Corn- 
wall. 



llcr lute Majesty (^ueen \'ictoria, of 
glorious and blessed memory, as represtjuted 
ill our last issue in 1887, the Jubilee year of 
lier reign, which terminated on January 
22iid last— being the First month of tlie /'V;-.v/ 
year of this new and already eventful 
century— after a long and beiieticeiit reign 
of 63^ years, and who proved herself to be 
the greatest and best of British Sovereigns ; 
whose life has been closely interwoven with 
the life of two generations of the British 
Nation, and the expansion of the British 
Empire to such an extent, that it has now 
merited tiie title of " Tlie Empire on 
whicli the sun never sets," and her reign 
the longest and most glorious in our 
Natioiuil History. 



(rod i)(ii-c (he Kill 



.'/• 




40 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



IVEYand LEDINOTON 

48, George Street, Plymouth, 

Havk The Largest and INIost Up-to-Date Stock of . . . 

SEWING MACHINES 

.... ()K Aw DkALEI! IX THE WEST OF ENGLAND. 




MAIL CARTS AND PERAMBULATORS 



IN GREAT VARIETY. 



-^^- 



;<\ a\ XX ;'^ XX XX XX XX AX XX 

iQm XX 



1901. 



V 



XX XX XX XX Xx XX XX -^ XX XX 



•K— ^+i 




VBNNING'S 



NEW CENTURY 

O Postal = Directorp 

Of 20 parishes in Cast Corniuall viz :== 



Altarnun. 

Botusfleming. 

Callington. 

Calstock. 

St. Dominick. 

St. Germans. 

St. Ive. 



Landrake. 

Landulph. 

Lezant. 

Lewannick 

Linkinhorne. 

St. Mellion. 

Northhill. 



Pillaton. 

Quethiock. 

St Stephens-by- 

Saltash. 
Sheviock. 
Stokeclimskind 
Southliill. 



=^ 



=i'-m-i^'> 



Corrected and revised up to the death of our Gracious Sovereign, Queen 
Victoria, and the Accession of King Edward VII, January 22nd, 

1901. 



N.B. — All names of Persons in this Directory with no places of abode mentioned, 
may be understood to reside at or near the Churchtown of each Parisla. 

ALTARNUN. 

71LTARNUN is the Largest parisli in the County of Cornwall, 
JM and contains i5,oi4A. 2r, 2p. of land, and its Churcli Tower 
is nearly the higliest in the County, being 109 feet, I'robus and 
Fowey are considered to be higher. 



42 venning's postal directory. 

The Churchtown is situate 6 miles south-west of Egloskerry, 
8 miles west of Launceston, and 12 north of Callington, and the 
parish is surrounded by Trewen, Lewanick and Northhill on the 
east, St. Cleer and St. JSeot on the south, St. Breward on the 
west, and St. Cleather and Laneast on the north divided by the 
River Inney. 

The living is a Vicarage in the gift of the Dean and Chapter 
of Exeter, of the net yearly value of £12^^, with residence and 
112 acres of glebe, held by the Rev. Alfred Henry Malan, M.A., 
since 1887. 

The principal Villages or Hamlets are the Churchtown, which 
is situate on the north side of the Inney, and Penpont on the 
south side also ; Tredaule, Trevague, Tregunnon, \\'est Carne, 
Trethinna, Treween, Bowithick, Bolventor and Fivelanes. At 
the latter place, which is a noted junction of main roads, large 
fairs are held annually on the Monday week after June 24th, and 
on the last Monday in September. 

The principal landowners in the parish are John Kittow and 
F. R, Rodd, Esquires; Messrs. Dingley & Co. Bankers, and 
Mrs. Peter, the two latter being the Lords of the Manor of 
Trewint Down. 

The Weslej'ans have a very large Chapel, Vestries and Burial 
Ground — (see Illustration). Also a Schoolroom apart from the 
Chapel, used as a Sunday School, in the village, and a Chapel 
and School at Bowithick. The Bible Christians have a Chapel at 
TrecoUas. There is a National Day School at Altarnun, and a 
Board School for Bolventor; the latter is a separate Ecclesiastical 
District. 

There is only one Mine now working in this parish, viz : — 
Treburland, which is worked for Manganese — Mr. Wadge, 
is the Agent. 

POST OFFICE at Altarnun— Mrs, Bickford, Sub-Postmistress. Letters 
through Launceston received at 9-30 a.m. ; despatched at, 3-20 p.m. This 
Office is open for Telegraph business from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. ; Postal Order, 
Money Order, Savings Bank, and Annuity business; also the sale of Licences. 
Five Lanes wall box cleared at 3-25 p.m. Tregunnon wall box cleared at 2-45 
p.m. Treween wall box cleared at 3 p.m. 

POST OFFICE at Bolventor— Mr. R. Lark, Sub-Postmaster. Letters 
through Launceston received at ii-io a.m. ; despatched at 1-45 p.m. 

PHIVATE RESIDENTS. 



Dickinson, Rev. J., Vicar, Bolventor 
Franks, Thornton, Five Lanes 
Herring, Mrs., Tregunnon 
Kittow, John, Esq., Tredaule House 



Malan, Rev, A H., Vicar, M.A. 
Pearn, Sampson, T'enpont 
Tripp, C. Upton, Penleak 
Venning, George, Trezibbett 



ALTARNUN. 



43 



COMMERCIAL. 

Bickford E., schoolmaster. Altarnun 
Carter Robt., innkeeper, Altarnun 
Chapman, Amos, King's Head, Five 

Lanes 
Clymo, J., Miller & Assist. Overseer 
Dennis, George, Trevveen 
Edmunds, James, Trenarrett Down 
Keast, John, Taddey Park 
LANGMAN JOSE, Sen. shop 

keeper & farmer, Penpont 
Mutton, Richard, Five Lanes 
Mutton, W. grocer, &c.. Five Lanes 
Martin, Neville, Moor Gate 
Rovve W. H., Five Lanes 
Sleeman, Richard, Tregirls Mill 
Sleeman, James, West Moor Gate 
Sleeman, \V., bootmaker. Five Lanes 
Sleep Wm., smith. Altarnun 
Stephens Thos., regrator, Bolventor 
Trays, John, Trevague Moor 
Venning, John, Higher Treween 
Wallis, George, regrator, Trewint 
Whale, Edward, Trewint 
Wallis, Robert, Tregirls Moor Gate 
Whale J. T., Jr., carpenter, Fenpont 
Whale Thomas, carpenter, Treween 

FARMERS. 

Alford, Edward, Scaddick Hill 

Alford, Elizabeth, Rhylands 

Alford, Mary Ann, Treween 

Alford, Thomas, Trezelland 

Bartlett, W. H. & F., South Carne 

Brown, John, Trethinna 

Bath, John, Trenilk 

Bluett, William, farmer and smith 

Bray, Stephen, Codda 

Bray, Albert, Dryworks 

Bray, F. Thomas, Tober 

Bray, Richard, Blackton Hi!l 

Bray, George, Lonkcy Moor 

Bray John, Stanning Hill 

Burden, Grace, Little Hurden 

Barber, John, Tober 

Baker, Richard and Son, Trezibbett 

Crowells James, Newton Down 

Colwill, Philip, Lower Tregunnon 

Congdon, John, Trenarrett 

Couch, John, Old Hay 

Curtice, William, Trebray 

Cock, John, Barton, Bolventor 

Curtice, William, Trelawuey 

Dawe, J,&L, I'ridacombe, Bolventor 



Dawe Isaac, Deephatches, Bolventor 
Dawe, H. Lang, Palmer Bridge 
Davey, Henry, Trenarret 
Holman, John, Pridacombe, Bol- 
ventor 
Halls, James, Cargelly 
Holman, G. & Son, Newchalls 
Herring, Francis, Higher Tregunnon 
Harris, John' Trevague 
Harris, Wra., jun., Trevague 
Harris, William, Captaius Crround 
Horskin, J. &. I^icharJ, Smiths Moor 
Hoskin, Edward John, Tregune 
Hooper, Wm., Higher Cannaframe 
Hooper, Thomas, South Carne 
Holman, Albert, Austles 
Ivey, John, Trenarrett 
]asper, E. N., JoUs Ground 
James, William, Halveney 
Jasper, Emma, Tredaule 
jasper, Thomas, Polgray 
Jasper, William, Bowithick 
Jasper, Charles, Tresmeak 
Jasper, George, Trelyu 
Jasper, R. N., Broad Lane 
Jasper, T., grocer, &c.. Five Lanes 
Johns, Arthur, Landinner 
Knight, Samuel, Trethinna 
Keast, T. Perkin, Bolventor 
Lang, George, Tober 
Langman, Jose, Hurdon 
Lark, Richard, Bolventor 
Lean, W. Pearn, Trenilk 
Mitchell, Thomas. Lescarnick 
Mutton, Richard, jun., Tredaule 
Mutton \V. J. jun., Strylands 
Northey, G. and Richard West Carn 
Nottle, James, Tober 
Nicholls, Henry, Trebullum 
Pearse, William, Trerethick 
Pearse, R. Philp, Bowithick 
Pearn Edwin, Poldue 
Parsons, Robert, Tregunnon 
Peter, tklward, Trethinna 
Prout, G. Francis, farmer, Bowithick 
Pearn, William, Trebant 
Pearse, William, Hendra 
Richards, James &. Son, Tregronna 
Rowe, Joseph, and smith 
Stephens, Thomas, Lower Tregunnon 
Sparks, John, Spettegue 
Shikbar, W. T., Blackton Hill 
Sandy Thomas, Treween 
Sandercock. W. R & Son, Trewint 
Sandercock, George, Treween 
Sandercock, Robert, Trekennick 



44 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



Shillaber, J. W., Bolventor 
Shillaber, J. & Son, Tober 
Sleeman, F. & Sons, Newhay 
Sleep, George, Trenilk 
Smith, Thomas, Treburland 
Smale, James & Son, Tresmain 
Smeeth, William, Tober 
Symons, John, and smith, Treween 
Skelton, William, Tregirls 
Sleep, John, Pridacombe 



Sobey, Richard, Trelyn 
Soby, Oliver, Trederras 
Turner, Edwin, Trecorner 
Turner, Edmund, Tregue 
Turner, John, Websdown 
Vosper, George, Tredaule 
Whale, G. T., Penpont 
Whale, W. T., Cannaframe 
Worden, J. T., Cornglus 
Worden, William, Trezebbett 



BOTUSFLEMING. 

HIS is a small village and parish situate 3 miles north-west 
of Saltash, and 6 south of Callington, and is bounded on the 
east by Landulph and the River Tamar, on the south by St. 
Stephens-by-Saltash, on the west by Landrake, and on the north 
by Pillaton. The Churchtown is situate in a deep hollow. 

The parish is very romantic, and comprises hills, valleys, 
rich meadow and arable land, and is very productive of fruit. Its 
particular commodity is market gardening. 

The living is a Rectory, net annual value £iSg, with residence 
and 60 acres of glebe land, in the incumbency of the Rev. 
T. Fraser Fulton, since 1897. The Wesleyans have a Chapel 
and Sunday School, and there is a National School (mixed), for 
36 children ; average attendance about 30 ; supported in 
part by the rector and landowners of the parish ; Miss Harriet 
Alice Poole, mistress. 

The principal landowners in the parish are Lady Symons and 
Michael Loam, Esq. 

POST and T. O. Hatt R. S. O. (Railway Sub-Office. Letters should have 
R. S. O. Cornwall added). — John Edgcumbe, postmaster. Letters received at 
5-15 a m., and 6-15 p m. ; despatched at 7-20 p.m. The nepr"st money order 
office is at St. Mellion. Postal orders are issued here, but i:ot paid. 

, • Wall Post Box, Botusfleming, cleared at 6-30 p.m. 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Broad, Mr., Bonney's House 
Fulton Rev., Thomas Fraser, Rectory 
Loam, Michael, Esq., Moditonham 
Symons, Lady, Hatt House 

COMMERCIAL. 

Bromley, William, market gardener 
Ed;.^combe, .lohn, Postmaster, Hatt 
Wright, William, market gardener 



FARMERS. 

Barrett, James, Holland Inn 
Batten, John, Bicton 
Batten, Richard, Bicton 
Batten, Rowse Richard, Bicton 
Blatchford, Thomas, Hatt 
Bolitho, Gilbert, Marraborough 
Came, Samuel, Villaton 
Came, Mrs., Popham 
Pawley, J.J. & R. F., Cross Farm 



BOTUSFLEMING - eALLINGTON, 



45 



Prideaux, Thomas, Westown 
Prideaux, William, Moditon 
Prideaux, Richard, Westown 
Prideaux. Arnold, Cross Park 
Renfree, Stephen, Mutton Mill 
Stephens, George, Swiftaford 



Summerfield, Austin, Botusfleming 
Summerfield, John, Botusfleming 
Summerfield, Samuel, Moditonham 
Summerfield, William, Churchtown 
Townsend, Walter. Botusfleming 
Townsend, John, Four Shilling Park 



CALLINGTON. 

CALLINGTON is a market town and parish in the centre of 
a large Agricultural and Mining District in East Cornwall, 
in the Launceston Electoral Division, and is bounded on the 
north by Stokeclimsland, east by Calstock and St. Dominick, 
south by St. Mellion and St. Ive, and on the west by Southhill ; 
and is 13 miles from Plymouth, gi from Saltash, 8^ from Liskeard, 
10^ from Launceston and 9 from Tavistock, 

The town stands on a gentle dechvity, near the base of the 
famous Kit Hill, and on the borders of Kingston Down, the 
ancient battle ground of Saxons and Danes, and is exactly 500 
feet above sea level; hence its air is bracing and climate sahi- 
brious. Although the town is not picturesque in itself, the 
surrounding scenery is very commandingand extensive, and from 
many places in the locality the Eddystone Lighthouse, Plymouth 
Sound and Maker Heights are plainly visible. 

The living is annexed to Southliill, the latter being the mother 
Church, and is of the joint yearly value of about £\'t:>^ with 
residence at Southhill, and 252 acres of glebe, and held by the 
Rev. John Shaw, M.A., since 1887. 

There are Chapels and Sunday Schools for Wesleyans, United 
Methodists and Bible Christians, and the Plymouth Brethren 
have a place of worship in the town ; and at Frogwell in this 
parish the Wesleyans have a Chapel and Sunday School, and a 
small estate of land of the yearly value of £1^, which is applied 
to the Funds of the Wesleyan Circuit and Connexion. There is 
a National Day School (in which a Sunday School is also held), 
and a Wesleyan Day School, both supported by Government 
Grant and a Voluntary Rate. 

The town has been supplied with Gas by a private company 
since 1852, and during the last 34 years the Shareholders have 
received good dividends. The Public Water Supply is from 
what is commonl}' known as Pipe Well, and also from springs 
and 2 Reservoirs at or near Florence, at high pressure, by a 
Limited Company, formed in 1886 for supplying the town» 



46 venning's postal directory. 



There is also a large Public Hall, 40 feet by 36 feet, with a 
Temperance Hotel adjoining, erected by a Limited Company. 
An illustration of this Building, with a brief history of the for- 
mation of these 2 companies are given elsewhere. At the 
National School there is a Club and Institute with a Billiard 
Table and a Reading Room. 

The B. Company of the 2nd Battallion Duke of Cornwall's 
Light Infantry which musters 105 men. have their head quarters 
here, Captain — G. S. Meadows, Saltash. 

The principal landowners are Lady Ashburton, who is Lady 
of the Manor, G. Strode, W. H. Horndon and J. Haye, Esqrs., 
and Mrs. White. 

The Freemasons have a Hall, in which their Meetings are 
held, and there are also Benefit Societies for the Foresters, 
Oddfellows, and Rechabites. The latter comprising adult and 
juvenile tents, hold their Meetings at the Temperance Hotel and 
are rapidly increasing in numbers. 

Other benevolent Societies such as Clothing Club, Coal Fund 
and other charitable institutions have been established, by which 
the poor, prudent and thrifty, are provided for as well as any 
place in the County. A Brass Band has also been established 
for many years, and a Bugle Band within the last two years. 

There is a Cemetery with 2 Chapels erected thereon in 
Liskeard Road, and a large number have been buried there. 

The famous Kit Hill Granite Quarries are near here, and the 
Company employ about 60 men. Granite of very fine grain and 
of the best quality is produced, worked and polished, and has 
been largel}^ used in the construction of the Thames Embank- 
ment, the new Biackfriars Bridge, the fortifications round 
Plymouth, and the new Battersea Bridge, London. 

There is a Charity called Haye's Charity, which consists of 2 
fields, the rent of which about ^16 annually is given to the poor. 
There is a Tanyard where several men are employed. 

There are also several Mines in the vicinit}^ viz : — Florence, 
Holmbush, Kelly Bray, Redmoor, Kit Hill, South and East Kit 
Hill, but all of them have ceased working except Florence. 

The terminus of the Plymouth, Devonport and South Western 
Junction Railway, formerly known as the East Cornwall Mineral 
Railway, is at Kelly Bray, within i mile of the town. An 
application has been made by the present Company to the Board 
of Trade, to construct a Light Railway from Calstock to Bere 



CALLINGTON. 47 



Alston, to convert the present into a passenger line on the same 
guage (3 ft. 6 in.) and connedl it with the South Western Main 
Line from London to Plymouth and Devonport at Bere Alston 
Station. This application has been granted and a provisional 
order made for its construction, and it is anticipated that 
operations will shortly commence. 

An order has also been granted by the Board of Trade for the 
construction of a Light Railway from Saltash to Callington, via 
St. Mellion, but, owing to the state of the money market since 
the war commenced, the capital required for its construction 
has not been raised. It is hoped, however, that as soon as the 
war is over, arrangements will be made to complete this line, as 
it will be the most direct route to Plymouth, the metropolis of the 
west, and be of untold advantage to the district through which 
it traverses, and especially to Callington and neighbourhood. 

The Market House was built in 1832, and is a large and 
commodious building of T shape. The regular weekly market 
is held on Wednesdays, and has been so ever since the Market 
Charter was granted in 1267. It is well supplied with meat, 
])oultry, provisions and general merchandise. The spacious 
building that was formerly used as a Corn Market, is now fitted 
np and used for butter, eggs and poultry, &c. In addition to the 
ordinary Weekly Market, there are also Cattle and Sheep 
Markets held the first Wednesday in every month, and since i8g6 
they have been controlled by the Market Lessees appointed by 
Lord William Compton, numbering 12 members. 

A Free Church Council has been established during the last 
few years comprising the various Nonconformist bodies of 
Callington and District. Mr. S. P. Rattenbury, J. P., CC, is 
the President, and Mr. R. Hancock the Secretary. The arrange- 
ments for the Simultaneous Mission have been made by this 
Council, and they are doing very useful work in bringing the 
Churches together. 

An application has been made to the County Council by the 
inhabitants (which was practically unanimous,) for Callington to 
be made a separate Urban District Council, so as to have control 
over its own Highways and Sanitary affairs, in consequence of 
the Liskeard District Council and Sanitary Authority, being 
constantly in conflict with the wishes of the majority of Rate- 
payers as to the mode and plans to be adopted in carrjing out 
needful Sanitary measures in the town. This application was 
heard by a Committee of the County Council at a Public 
Meeting held in the town, and after hearing evidence it was 



48 venning's postal directory. 



recommended to the General Purposes Committee that Urban 
Powers should be granted to Callington, which was also approved 
and afterwards confirmed at the next meeting of the County 
Council, notwithstanding the opposition of the Liskeard District 
Council by a Memorial, It transpired from the evidence that 
Liskeard District Council had been making a profit from 
Callingtcn Parish alone of ^185 per annum for the last 5 years; 
since the Parish had lost control over their own Highways and 
the Callington Highway Board had been dissolved. The 
Order under the seal of the County Council, dated 5th February, 
1901, has now been issued constituting Callington as a separate 
Urban District to come into operation on the ist April, 1901, to 
consist ot 12 members. 

There is a field about 2 acres in Frogwell Lane now used as 
a Technical Garden, which was granted by the Marquis of 
Northampton, formerly Lord William Compton, when he was 
Lord of the Manor, at the nominal rent of 5/- per annum for a 
term of 7 years to the Technical Instruction Committee. It is 
now planted with strawberries and various kinds of fruit trees, 
and flowers, &c., and is under the management ofMr. W. Pearce. 
The Marquis of Northampton also granted another field in 
Saltash Road, about 2 acres, to the Parish Council at 5/- a year, 
which has been fitted up as a Recreation Ground for the Inhabi- 
tants, and is largely used for Football, Cricket, and other purposes. 
Another field in Haye Road, about the same size was granted by 
him also on reasonable terms for Allotment Gardens, which are 
held in about equal portions by about 24 cottagers of the working 
classes who employ a good deal of their spare time in its 
cultivation, and getting produce for their families and the market. 

At the Bowling Green a field of 4 acres is also divided into about 
50 Allotments, and at Fullaford there are about 12 pieces, and in 
Saltash Road another field is also apportioned for allotments, all 
being under the control of the Parish Council. 

COUNTY MAGISTRATES. 
Callington Petty Sessions Hundred of East Middle — 
Digby Collins, Esq., Newton Ferrers, Callington, Chairman; 
Wm. Coryton,Esq., Pentillie Castle, St. Mellion; Major-General 
Jago-Trelawny, Coldrennick, St. Germans; Rev. Canon Hullah, 
M.A., Rectory, Calstock; J. W. Dingle. North Darley, Linkin- 
horne ; W. Dingle, Callington ; J, W, Lawry, Calstock ; D, 
Horndon, Pencrebar ; W. H, Nattle, Hampt, Stokeclimsland; 
S. P. Rattenbury, Polhilsa, Stokeclimsland ; Moses Bawden, 
Tavistock ; J. H. Reed, Chairman of District Council, Calstock. 
Clerk — Edward Lethbridge Marsack, The Division includes 



CALLINGTON 49 



the following parishes : — Callington, Calstock, St. Dominick, St. 
Ive, Linkinhorne, St. Mellion, Pillaton, Quethiock, Southhill and 
Stokeclimsland. 

PUBLIC OFFICERS. 

Clerk to Commissioners of Taxes and Magistrates — E. L. 
Marsack. 

County Police Station — Harry Roberts, Inspedlor. 

Clerk of Calstock Rural District Council, and Steward of the 
Manor of Calstock— J. P. Blight, Solicitor. 

Public Hall— Jehu Richards, Lessee. 

Clerk to Market, Parish Council, Cemetery, Technical Instrudl;- 
ion Committee and Garden, Assistant Overseer, Assessor and 
Collecflor of Rates & Taxes, & Sanitary Inspecd:or^W. Pearce. 

Medical Officers and Public Vaccinators — No. 5 District, 
Launceston Union---Harry Davis, M.D., L.R.C.P., London; 
No. 7 Districd, Liskeard Union— Robert B. Mole, L.R.C.P., 
Edin., and M.R.C.S., Lond. 

Surveyor of Highways — George Hawkins. 

Portreeve — F. Golding. Reeve — J. Spear. 

Registrar of Births and Deaths, and Relieving Officer for 
Callington Sub-District — Frank Doney, Rosewood Cottage. 

Vaccination Officer — Charles S. Skinner. 

Newspaper Correspondents — Morning News, W. Symons. 
Daily Mercury, W. Maker. Cornish Times, W. Pearce. 

Cornish & Devon Post, C. S. Skinner. 

News Agents — Daily & Weekly Mercury, Cornish Times, and 
all London Periodicals and Newspapers, J. Venning, Post Office, 
Callington. Morning & Weekly News, Miss Brown. Evening 
Herald, W. Buckingham. Liskeard Weekly Mercury, H. 
Parrott. Cornish & Devon Post, C. S. Skinner. 

Gas Works — Directors : W. Dingle (Chairman) ; G. Body, H. 
S. Body, W. W. Dymond, H. Davis, F. Goldmg, R. Stephens, 
W. Lucas, and W. Goodman (Managing Director); Secretary — 
James Venning; Auditor — W. R. M. Budge. 

Waterworks Company — H. Davis (Chairman and Managing 
Director) ; Directors--- W. W. Dymond, J. I>rendon, J. Uuggins, 
J. Venning, H. Davis, jun., J. W. Ijawry and S. P. Rattenbury ; 
Secretary---R, Hawkins. 

IVIarket Tjessces— II. Davis (Chairman), J. P. Blight, J. & G. 
Brendon, J. Huggins, J. Venning, R. Hancock, J. Pike, H. 
Davis, jun., G. Hawke, J. Pomroy, and W. Pearce (Clerk). 



50 venning's postal directory. 



Public Rooms and Coffee Tavern Co., Ld. — Directors : S. S. 
Davey (Chairman), H. Davis, J. Brendon, J.Venning, J. Huggins, 
G. Havvke, J. Pike, J Davey, J. Treise, H. Poad, and R. H. Veall 
(Secretary). 

Banks. — Capital and Counties Bank Ltd., Liskeard Branch, 
Head Office : Threadneedle Street, London ; Agent — W. Budge, 
Jeweller, Fore Street. Bolitho, Williams, Foster, Coode, 
Grylls, & Co., Ltd. (Consolidated Bank of Cornwall) Liskeard 
Branch — Head Office : Penzance ; Agent — E. L. Marsack, 
Solicitor. Cornish Bank Limited, Liskeard Branch — Head 
Office Truro ; Agent — R. Hancock, Solicitor. Dingley, Pethy- 
bridge. White and I)ingley--Head Office and Branch: Launces- 
ton ; Agent — J. P. Blight, Solicitor. 

Schools. — National (mixed), for 400 children ; average attend- 
ance, 1 10 boys and girls and 50 infants ; Joseph Jenkins, master ; 
Mrs. J. Jago, mistress. 

Wesleyan (mixed), for 280 children : average attendance, 166; 
Richard Hocking Veall, master; Miss Mary Batten, mistress. 

Evening Schools for Shorthand and Bookkeeping are conducted 
by Mr. W. Symons, and for general instruction by Mr. J. Jenkin, 
under the direction of the Technical Instruction Committee. 

INSURANCE AGENTS. 

J. Venning. — Hand-in-Hand Fire Office, Establised i6g6 — 
Railway Passengers Accidental— Employer's Liability, and 
Workmen's Compensation Insurance — Fidelity Guarantee — 
Scottish Plate Glass — Live Stock Insurance. 

T. C. Betty and F. Haddy — Prudential Life, Ordinary and 
Industrial Branch. 

J. Jago — Pearl Life. S. Sleep — Refuge Industrial Insurance. 
J. P. Blight — Clerical and Medical Life — County Fire — 
Phoenix Fire Offices. 

E. L. Marsack — Sun Fire and Life. 

R. Hancock — Commercial Union — Fire and Life. 

W. Dingle---Royal Farmers. 

Places of Worship, with time of services — St. Mary's Church, 
Rev. J. Shaw, M.A. rector ; Rev. John Middleton Milner, curate ; 
II and 6-30; wed. 11-30; fri. 7. [sittings. 

Wesleyan, Rev. J. Birkbeck, f.r.m.s. ; ii & 6-30; thrs. 7-30; 450 

Bible Christian, Rev. J Datson ; 1 1 & 6-30 ; fri. 7-30 ; 250 sittings. 

Plymouth Brethren, 11 and 6-30; wed. 7; with 150 sittings 

United Methodist, Rev. T. Casely; 1 1 & 6-30 ; thurs. 7-30 ; 350 stns 



Callington. 



51 



Postal Regulations — Post, Telegraph, Money Order, Stamp 
and Parcel Post Office, Licences and Savings Bank — J. 
Venning, Postmaster, Letters arrive at 6-10 a.m., i p.m., and 
7-25 p.m. ; despatched at 8-5 a.m., 9-45 a.m., and 6-30 p.m. 
Messengers leave at 6-45 a.m., for Southhill, Linkinhorne, 
Rilla Mill, Henwood, Downgate, Stokeclimsland, Rezare, New- 
bridge, Park, Newton Ferrers, Amy Tree, Greenswell, Axford, 
Corneal, Welltown, East Cornwall and West Harrowbarrow, 
returning in time for evening Mail. 

For Carriers and Coaches, and District Division of Parish see 
Tables. 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Blight, J. P., Liskeard road 
Blight, Seymour, Weston House 
Blight, Mrs. J. D., Weston House 
Body, Mrs., Liskeard road 
Body, Miss, Liskeard road 
Body, H. S., Liskeard road 
Body, George, Church Street 
Budge, Mrs., Compton Villa 
Budge, Mrs. E., Fore Street 
Budge, Misses Fore Street 
Bond, Mrs., Chickets Hall [Manse 
Birkbeck, Rev. J. f.r.m.s., Wesley 
Casely, Rev. T., U. M. F. C. Minister 

Tavistock Road. 
Chalk, Fred. R. L., Pengelly 
Cory, Mrs., Liskeard Road 
Davis, Harry, M. D., Church Street 
Davis, Harry, D. P. H,, Tavistock Rd. 
Dingle, Wm., J. P., Church Street 
Datson, Rev. josiah, B. C. Minister, 

Crews-Lee House 
Doidge, Mrs., Launceston Road 
Emmens, Geo., Kit Hill Castle 
Facey, Mrs., Tavistock Road 
Footner, Wm. R., Church Street 
Goodman, W. S., Launceston Road 
Golding, Misses, Fore Street 
Hawke, George, 2, Tavistock Villas 
Hambly, Mrs., Valentine Row 
Hawke, Mrs., Gordon House 
Horndon, Wm. Hext, Pencrebar 
Horndon, David, J.P., Pencrebar 
Hurrell, N., Launceston Road 
Hancock, R., Tors View 
Henwood, Mrs., Tavistock Road 
jackman, Mrs., Valentine Row 
Mole, Robert Bissel, L. R. C. P., 

TJskeard Road 
Masou, Misses, George I'Uce 



Milner, Rev. J. M, curate, George place 
Marsack, Mrs., Haye 
Marsack, Edward Lethbridge, Haye 
Maynard, T,, Tavistock Road 
Philp, Miss, Launceston Road 
Pearce, C. T., Valentine Row 
Rickard, Charles, Roseneath 
Saltern, Wm., Tavistock Row 
Sargent, Mrs., Tavistock Row 
Snell Miss, Ashburton Place 
Southey, S. W., Tavistock Row 
Spear, John, Kendall Green 
Spear, Mrs., Caradon Villa 
Symons, Wm., Fore Street 
Thomas, Miss, Valentine Row 
Yelland, Wm., Tavistock Road 
Yandell, S. E., Launceston Road 

COMMERCIAL. 

Angwin, Susan, draper. Fore Street 
BARRETT JOHN, watchmaker, 

Valentine Row 
Barkell, Misses, dressmakers Saltash 

Road 
Batten Tom, baker, Fore Street 
Batten Miss, school & music teacher 

Liskeard Road 
Bennett F. gardener, Jubilee Cottage 
BENNETT W., coachbuilder. 

Launceston Road 
BROWN E grocer. Fore St. 
BROWN C, grocer Tavistock Rw. 
Bl"rTY T. C, emigration and 

insurance agent, Fore Street 
Blight J. P., solicitor, Fore Street 
Blight E., watchmaker, Church St. 
Bolitho T., carpenter, Back Lane 
Bond P., commercial hotel. Fore St. 
Bond M., butcher, Fore Street 
BOND, S., bus proprietor, Lower St 



52 



VRNNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



Bowden G., innkeeper, Newport 

Box J., butcher, Fore street 

BRENDON BROS., ironmongers, 
Fore street 

BROWN W., monumental works, 
Fore Street 

BUCKINGHAM R. J., smith, 
Tavistock Row 

BUCKINGHAM W., Saddler, 
Fore Street 

BUCKINGHAM E., boot ware- 
house. Fore street 

BUDGE E. SON & Co., jewellers, 
Fore street 

Bunkum Francis, miller, Frogwell 

BUZZA W, H., carpenter, Martin 
Square 

Chalk F. R. L., manager Kit Hill 
quarries, Pengelly 

Carder Thomas, shopkeeper, Fore St. 

Carder Samuel plumber. Lower St. 

Causley J. coachbuilder, Laburnum 
Row 

CHUBB J, temperance hotel, Salt- 
ash road 

Cornish ]., innkeeper, Fore Street 

Cundy W., gardener, Valentine Row 

DUNSTAN E. A. & E , drapers, 
Fore Street 

DAWE J., chemist &c.. Church St. 

Dawe Joseph, grocer, Tavistock Row 

Daw William, carpenter, Newbridge 

Davis H., surgeon, Church Street 

DYMOND W. W., ironmonger 

and plumber, Fore Street 
Doney F., relieving officer, Rose Cot. 
Easterbrook A., draper, Fore Street 
Edwards J., baker. Carrion Hill 
Fitze Charles, baker, Lower Street 
Gelding, F.. hotel, Fore Street 
Goodman W. S., tanner 
Griffin Samuel, smith, Liskeard Rd. 

HADDY F., insurance agent 
Hancock R., solicitor. Fore Street 
HANCOCK JANE P., draper. 

Church Street 
Harris James, grocer. Fore Street 
Hart Edward, dairyman. Moonsfield 
HawUe Mrs., dairy keeper. Well St. 
Hawkins G., surveyor, Tavistock Rd. 
Hockaday Robert, miller, Haye 
Hicks L , L.R.C.S.L dentist. Fore St. 

(Wednesdays) 
HUGGINS J., grocer. Fore Street 
Irwiu Nicholas, mason, Hingston 



jackman W., mineral water manu- 
facturer, Lisl^eard Road 
Jago J P., wheelwright Liskeard Rd. 
JAGO R. H, wheelwright, Liskeard 

Road 
Jago J., wheelwright, Liskeard Road 
JAGO J. jun. insurance agent, 

Liskeard Road 
James Thomas, mason, Haye Lane 
JANE W. & E., drapers, &c., Fore 

Street 
Jasper Thomas, baker, Newport 
Jasper J. S., baker, Valentine row 
Jenkin J., schoolmaster, Tavistock Rd. 
Kitto W., marine store dealer. 

Carrion Hill 
Kitto W. jun , dairyman. Lower St. 
Lawry, Hawke, & Venning, Ltd., 

corn & coal merchants, Kelly Bray 
Langdon A., grocer, Fore Street 
Lucas Mrs. F., baker, Liskeard road 
Matthews J., sun inn. Fore Street 
Marsack E. L., solicitor, Fore St. 
Mole R. B., surgeon, Liskeard Road 
iiaker W., outfitter, Valentine row 
Maker John, printer, Liskeard road 
Maynard John, grocer. Fore Street 
MEDLAND H., boarding house, 

Kit Hill Castle 

MUTTON Win, boot warehouse. 

Fore Street 
Nankivell W., dairyman, Tavistock 

Road 
Nosworthy J., general dealer. Labur- 
num Row 
Parrott M. & E., dressmakers, Fore 

Street 
Parrot H., painter, &c., Fore Street 
Pearce W. jun,, assistant overseer, 

&c., Valentine row 
Pearce John, baker, Fore Street 
POAD C, mason, Kingston 
Philp Miss, dressmaker. Fore Street 
POM ROY J., bootmaker, Fore St. 
POM ROY W.bootmaker.Lower St. 
Pike John, draper, Fore Street 
Pridham James, dairyman, Hingston 
Plymouth Breweries Ltd., Manager: 

S. C. Williams, Fore Street 
POMROY Rd., grocer. Fore street 
Pascoe W., shopkeeper, Tavistock Rd 
Perry Spear & Co. Ltd., corn & coal 

merchants, Kelly Bray 



GALLINGTON — OALSTOCK. 



58 



RICKARD BROS., carriers, &c , 

Lower Street 
RICHARDS J., temperance hotel, 

Fore street 
RICKARD J., grocer, Lower St. 
RICKARD C, butcher, Lower St. 
ROGERS Mrs., boot & seed ware- 
house. Fore Street 
Ryder George, dairyman, Well Street 
RICKARD, C, baker, Fore Street 
ROSEVEARE, R butcher, Saltash 

Road 
Rundle W. H., innkeeper. Fore St. 
Sampson H., shopkeeper, Lower St. 
Searle E,, fish dealer, Back Lane 
Sergeant Miss, shopkeeper. Fore St. 
SHOVEL A., outfitter, Fore Street 
SKEWES E, shopkeeper, Lower St. 
Sleep, S., Insurance Agent, Valentine 
Smale, F., assist, manager, Kelly Bray 
Skinner, C., Agent for "Cornish and 

Devon Post," Fore Street 
SOUTHEY, A., saddler, Fore St. 
SPEAR, J. G. & SON, auctioneers 

Kendall Green 
Spurrell S., fish dealer, Carrion Hill 
Symons J., carter, East Cornwall 
Trevithick Mrs. M. A., shopkeeper, 

Bowling Green 
Townsend R., tailor, Fore Street 
Treise Henry, greengrocer, Fore St. 
TREAIS, W., draper, &c., Fore St. 
TREWEEK G., coach painter, 

Laburnum Row 



VENNING J., postmaster, printer, 

stationer, secretary giis co., and 

publisher of this directory, (see 

advertisements) 

Veall R., schoolmaster, Valentine row 

Vineer W., hair dresser. Fore Street 

WALKEY, K. &M., china dealers 

Fore Street. 
Warwick C grocer, Church Steeet 
WEARING A. J., plumber, New- 
port 
Wright H., billposter, Valentine Row 
Williams J. T., watchmaker, Fore St. 
Yelland John, saddler, Fore Street 

FARMERS. 

Cundy Mrs. E., Pengelly 
Cradick Joseph. Frogwell 
Clark, F., Haye 
Hambly Peter, Westcott 
Herring Harry, Haye 
Hicks Thomas R., Castlewich 
Hicks James, Dupath 
Irwin Richard, Tavistock Road 
Kitto John, Whitpools 
Kittow Albert, Hingston 
Pearce William, Valentine Row 
Pearce J., Fore Street 
Pomroy James, Whitleys 
Pomroy William, Little Bearland 
Parsons Daniel, dairyman 
Sturtridge William, Trehill 
Symons J., Frogwell 
Snell Alfred, Pengelly 
Symons Sidney, Fullaford 



CALSTOCK. 

CALSTOCK is a very extensive parish and township, 
within the port of Plymouth, on the river Tamar which 
forms the chief part of the Eastern boundary of the county, and 
is navigable for small vessels as far as Morwellham, and for 
vessels of loo tons to the locks at Weir Head. It lies 5^^ miles 
east of Callington, 14 north-east of Liskeard, i^ miles from Bere- 
Alston station on the London and Soutli Western railway (which 
is reached by a ferry across the river Tamar), and 6 south-west 
of Tavistock stations on the Great Western and London and 
South Western railways. The Callington and Tavistock high 
road passes through this parish. 

The industries of this parish during the last 3 years have 
greatly revived, and several of the Mines and Granite Quarries 
that were formerly in a languishing state, and only employed a 



54 venning's postal directory. 

few men or had ceased working altogether, are now developing 
to a greater extent than they have been for the last 20 years ; 
the most notable of these is the large and extensive Granite 
Quarries at Gunnislake, belonging to S. Pearson & Sons, Limited, 
Contractors, London, who now employ upwards of 120 men 
in preparing granite which is used in the government docks 
at Dover, this firm being the contractors for the extension 
works there, which in all probability will last for at least 7 
years ; the amount of the contract being over ;^4,ooo,ooo. 
Messrs. Pearson & Sons have provided their own railway 
trucks and engine, and- constructed a railway siding to the East 
Cornwall Mineral Railway, from which the granite is sent to 
Calstock in the same trucks, and shipped for Dover, the output 
being at least 400 tons per month. 

Messrs. C. Bolt and Sons have very extensive quarries on 
Kingston Down ; the granite is a stone of fine grain and of 
uniform colour, much harder than ordinary Cornish granite, and 
from this and its similarity to Scotch granite, it is much preferred 
by London contractors for paving purposes. The various Urban 
and Rural District Councils and Local Boards in the 
neighbourhood have been supplied from this quarry for some 
years, and large quantities are sent to London. 

There is also a large Granite Quarry at Clitters, Gunnis'ake, 
which belongs to, and is worked by Snowdon & Sons of 
Plymouth, who employ aboui ico men. 

In addition to the granite industry, the Mines of this parish 
have resumed working with signs of increased capital and 
vigour. Drakewalls, which is a very old Mine, and has been 
idle for some years, is now started by a new Company. Messrs. 
Taylor Brothers who are well known in the mining world, are 
the principal holders of the shares. There are also some local 
shareholders who have shewn their faith by taking shares. 
Already 12 men or more are employed in making preparations 
for work on an extensive scale. Mr. Moses Bawden, Tavistock, 
is the manager, and Captain T. Chapman the resident agent. 

The Prince of Wales Mine, near Harrowbarrow, which is 
another old Mine, has been restarted for about 9 months by a 
Com^pany whose shareholders are Frenchmen, with head office 
in Paris ; they have also a London office, and employ upwards 
of 200 men and boys. This Mine is principally worked for Tin. 
Manager — C. F. Thomas; Agent — j. L. Inch. 



C^LSTOCK. 55 



The Calstock and Danescombe Mine which is principally 
held by Taylor Bros., employs about 30 men, and is worked for 
Arsenical Mundic. 

A Company called the Norwegian Exploration Com- 
pany, has been formed very recently, consisting of Nor- 
wegian shareholders, who have bought the Mine setts called 
Gunnislake Clitters, Hawkmoor, Old Gunnislake, and Kingston 
Down Consols to work as one Mine. We are informed on good 
authority, that no less a sum than ;^i6cj,ooo, is already raised 
for working and developing these Mines for Tin, Wolfram and 
Arsenic ; over 100 men are already employed, and a large 
quantity of machinery is on the spot. The mode of working 
these setts will be somewhat on the same principle adopted in 
working the Mines in the Transvaal l)y Boring Machinery, &c. 
There are precipitating or Arsenical works at Greenhill in 
this parish for refining Arsenic, which belong to Mrs. Moses 
Bawden, Tavistock, and about 15 men are regularly employed. 
A quantity of Arsenical Mundic is brought from Wheal Crebor 
and other Mines, and afterwards shipped at Calstock Quay. 

The Arsenic works at Coombe have been in operation for 
many years, and the latest improvements for separating Tin, 
Arsenic and other Minerals are now adopted, and a number of 
men employed. \\\ Sowden, Calstock, is the manager. 

At Bealswood near the Weir Head, and at Calstock town, 
are the celebrated Brick and Fire Clay works of Messrs. 
Westlake, v;hich have been carried on for many years in an ex. 
tensive way, and at Rumleigh Messrs. Westlake & Co., has 
large Brick and Arsenic .manufactories. This firm has 
been very large employers of labour in the parish for a number 
of years. The Bricks have been in large deuiand for Govern- 
ment and public buildings and fortifications, and largely used by 
builders in the Throe Towns. The Weir Head bricks command a 
better price than the ordinary common brick, and are used for 
gas works, furnaces, &c,, where they have to stand a great heat. 
The Phoenix Brick works on Kingston Down, which many 
years since were noted for making the best vitrified paving bricks, 
tiles, and fire bricks in the district, we are informed, are likely to 
be recuscitated after being idle for a number of years. Although 
tlie roofs and some of the buildings are demolished, yet there are 
immense beds of fire clay still untouched, and equal to the best 
Stourbridge. 

We regret that the Tamar Terra Cotta works adjoining are 
still idle. Here the most beautiful designs in terra cotta, 
enamelled bricks, and ornamental tiles of every description have 



56 vf.nning's postal dirrctory. 



been manufactured, and although these works are close to the 
Mineral Railway, 3^et on account of the fragile nature of the 
goods, the want of direct communication by rail with the Midland 
Counties, together with the difficulties of transhipment, these 
industries are entirely crippled. 

We are glad however to be able to state that there is now 
every prospect of the Light Railway to Bere Alston being con- 
structed (the order for which was granted by the Board of Trade 
in 1900), and connected with the present Mineral Line, which 
will also be made a passenger one. The proposed line will cost 
according to the estimate about £'jo,ooo, including the bridge 
across the Tamar at Calstock town, at a height of 100 feet, which 
will cose ^20,000. The length of the new connecting line will 
be 4 miles, although it is not half that distance as the crow 
flies. The line will be a very circuitous one on account of the 
undulating nature of the country: rising from the bridge at 
Calstock, which is 100 feet above sea level, to Kelly Bray an 
altitude of 630 feet ; but the surrounding scenery through which 
it will pass, we unhesitatingly say, is unsurpassed in the West 
of England, commanding a most extensive view of the Dartmoor 
Hills, the majestic Morw^ell Rocks, Weir Head, the meandering 
Tamar, as well as the beautifuLand fertile valleys along its 
banks, studded with fruit and other trees, which at certain 
seasons of the year are covered with blossom and foliage of 
different hues. 

The Publisher has on many occasions taken a ride in the 
Trucks of the Mineral Railway, and with such a splendid 
panorama of country open to the naked eye, it makes one feel 
" As though it were a pity soon to steal 
The voyager from scenes so passing fair." 

It is a matter of great surprise to all who know this Parish, 
that it should have been left so long unprovided with Railway 
communication with the Countr}^ at large. The district has a 
population of about 7,000, and is productive in fruit and general 
market produce ; possesses immense resources in mineral wealth, 
granite, terra cotta, fire clay, bricks and other industries ; and 
commands such a rich variety of charming and extensive scenery. 
There is no doubt however when the Railway system embraces 
the district, building sites will be secured, and residential villas 
erected on the banks of the: Tamar, along the route of the pro- 
posed branch line from Calstock to Bere Alston, overlooking the 
finest scenery in Devon and Cornwall. It will then be within 
half-an-hour's journey by rail from Plymouth. 



CALSTOCK. 57 



This parish was converted into a Rural District Council about 
5 years ago, composed of six members. It is still connected 
with Tavistock Union for all poo- law purposes, but for High- 
ways and Sanitary' matters it i? a separate authority. Since its 
existence the Council has done some good and useful work. It 
was the first in the County to introduce the use of the Steam 
Roller over district ronds as well as niain roads, and their con- 
dition will now compare most favourably with a)iy other in the 
County, notwithstanding the heavy traffic and hilly nature of 
the roads. 

The District Council also provided in the year 1899, a much 
needed and abundant water supply for the village of Harrow- 
barrow, whose inhabitants number about 700, at an outlay of 
about /"i.ioo. They are also arranging to supply St. Ann's 
Chapel. The Council have adopted byi-laws regulating the 
erection of dwelling and other houses in the parish ; hence plans 
of all new buildings must be submitted to the Council for their 
approval. 

A new school is being built at Calstock town by the Scliool 
Board, to provide for the increased accommodation required, at a 
cost of about ;^2,ooo. 

The School Board consisting of the following members were 
elected in February 1901:— Canon Hullah, A.Bowhay, J. Ann^ar, 
R. R. Alford, F. Alford, C. Foote and j. Symons. Ttie election 
takes place trienuially. 

A large quantity of fruit of a'l kinds is grown in different parts 
of the parish : at L'ltchley, Methereli, Chilsworthy, Danes- 
combe, Kelly and other places ; and some of it is sent across the 
water to Bere Alston station, and by steamer to Plymouth, 
Devonport and other markets. 

PLA.CES OF WORSrllP, with times of Services. 
St. Andrsws Church, Rev. Thomas Hullah, M.A., J. P., reftor ; 11 a.m. 3 
and 6-30 p.m. ; wed. 7 p.m. 

All Saints Chapel, Harrowbarrow ; 11 a.m. & 6-30 p.m. ; wed. 7 p.m. 
St. Ann's Chapel of Ease, Gunnislake ; 11 a.m. & 6-30 p.m. ; fri. 7 p.m. 
Cotehele House Chapel ; 3-30 p.m. 

Baptist, Methereli ; 2-30 & 6 p.m. ; tues. 7-30 p.m. ; 150 sittmgs. 
Baptist, Calstock ; 10 a.m. and 6 p.m. ; wed. 7 p.m ; with 220 sutin.qs 
Bible Christian, Albaston ; 11 a.m. and 6 p.m ; wed. 7 p.m ; 200 sittings 
Bible Christian, Harrowbarrow ; 2-30 and 6 p.m ; tues. 7 p.m ; 250 sittiu'<s 
Bible Christian, (Gunnislake ; 11 a.m. and 6 p.m. ; tues. 7 p.m. ; 550 sittings 
Bible Christian, Methereli, 11 a.m. and 6pm; wed. 7 p.m ; 100 sittings 
Plymouth Brethren. Gunnislake; 11 a.m. and 6 p.m ; 8o sittings 
United Methodist Free Church, Calstock , n a.m. and 6 p.m ; tuas. 7 p,m ; 
150 sittings 

United Methodist Free Church, Gunnislake; 3 & 6 pm; iburs. 7 pm 
130 sittings 



5s venning's postal directory. 



Weslevan, Albnston ; ii a.m rnd 6 p.m ; wed. 7 p.m ; 
Wesleyan, Calstock ; 11 a.m. and 6 p,m- ; tues. 7 p.m. ; 300 ,, 
Wesleyan Chilsworthy ; 11 a.m. & 6 p.m. ; thurs. 7 p.m. ; 140 ,, 
Wesleyan, Gunnislake ; 11 a m and 6 p.m ; wed. 7 p.m ; 600 ,. 
Wesleyan, Latch ev ; 11 a.m. and 6 p.m ; tues. 7 p m ; 150 ,, 
Wesleyan, St. Ann's Chapel; 3 and 6 p.m ; tues. 7 p.m; So ,, 
Salvation Army Hall, Gunnislake; 11 a.m., 3 &6 p m. ; with 250 sittmgs, 
established 1883,' Capt. Crai^ in command. 

SCHOOLS.— A School Board of 7 members was formed February 26, 1874 : 
Mrs. A. J. Kowe, clerk to the board; John Bennett, Gunnislake, attendance 
ofiicer. 

Board (mixed & infants), Delaware road, Gunnisla]ve, for 220 children ; average 
attendance, 163 ; Robert Leverton, master ; Miss Olive Whitford, mistress. 

i;oard, Gunnislake, (infants), eredled in 1878, for 150 children; average 
allendance, 140 ; Miss Alice Shutt, mistress. 

Board. Latchley, (mixed) rebuilt in 1891, for 150 children; average attend- 
ance, 80 ; iJiss -si. E Lovell, mistress. 

Board, Cal«tock, (infants), for 114 children ; average attendance, 93 ; Miss 
Eliza Moore, mistress. 

Board, Gunnislnke, (mixec), ertded in 1871, for 250 children; average 
attendance. 118 boys and 95 girls; John E. Morgan, master. 

]k)ard, Harrowbarrow, (mixed), ereded in 1879, for 200 children; average 
attendance, 160; William Henry White, master. 

National (mixed), Calstock, for 248 children; average attendance 72 boys and 
46 girls; George Jieavis Cann, master; Mrs. Susan Cann, mistress. 

P08T, M. O. & T. O., S. B. & Annuity & Insurance Office, Calstock.— 

Mrs. A. J. Rowe, sub-postmistress. Letters through Tavistock received at 

• 7-10 a.m. ; from Bere Alston rail, received at 5-30 p.m. ; dispatched at t2-io 

5-22 p.m. & 5-40 p.m. week days only. Money orders are granted and paid 

from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. 

POST, M. O. & T. O.. S. B. & Annuity & Insurance Office, Gunnislake— 
Mrs. Jane Vian, sub-postmistress. Letters through Tavistock received at 6-45 
a.m. & 4-20 p.m. ; dispatched at 10-5 a.m. & 5-5 p.m. Money orders are granted 
and paid from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. 

Post Office, Albaston— Mrs. Caroline Trcsidder, sub-postmistress. Letters 
arrive from Tavistock via Gunnislake at 8 a.m. ; dispatched at 4-20 p.m. This 
office is open lor Money Orders, Savings Bank, and Sale of Licences from 8 a.m. 
to 8 p m. Gunnislake is the nearest Telegraph office. 

Post Office, Harrowbarrow. \lrs. Lydia Harris, sub-postmistress. 
Letters arrive from St Mellion R.S.O., at 8-50 a.m. . dispatched at 4-45 p.m. 
The nearest Money order office is at St. Ann's Chapel, and nearest Telegraph 
office is at St. Dominick. Postal orders are issued here, but not paid. 

Post Dffice, St. Ann's Chapkl.— William Burnman, sub-postmaster. 
Letters nrrixe from Tavistock via Gunnislane at 8-20 a.m. ; dispatched^ at 4-10 
p.m. This office is open for Money Orders, Savings Bank and Sale of Licences, 
irom 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Gunnislake is the nearest Telegraph office. 

Y/all Letter ISoxes— Latchley at 3-50 p.m.; Harrowbarrow at 4-40 p.m.; 
Meiherellat4-io p.m. ; Cotehele Quay at 5 p.m. ; Drakewalls at 4 p.m. ; Dimson 
at 4-35 p.m. ; and" Chilsworthy at 4-20 p.m. wetk days only. 

N.B.— All Letters for Metherell, Harrowbarrow, Cleave, Cold East, Trehill, 
Mount Pleasant, Honeycumbe, Higher Coombe, Prince of Wales Mine, Grove 
House, Rising Sun, Trerad-^in. Cotehele, House and Quay, Newton, Higher 



CALSTOCK 



59 



Brookland, and Glamorgan Cleave, should be addressed via St. Mellion, 
Letters for Litchley, Dimson. Chilsworthy, St. Ann's Chapel, A'baston, 
should be dirtded Gunnislake, Tavistock. 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Ben;ietl.s .Miss Olvnii)ii-, lluri\/\vl)>ii-row 

Cork W. H., Geliings Park 

Down, Mrs. Mary 

Down Henry, Westtield 

£(lt.'f'iunbe La'ly Ernestini; Rmtn-i 

Horaiia, Cotehele H'Uise 
Grenfell Thomas 
Grenfeil Thomas, .J an 
Glanvill Mis H Gnaton villa, Alhaston 
Hullah Rev. Thos, M.A., J.P.. Kectoiy 
Haukev liev F. F., VVesleyan Ministi^r 
H )skinV' Mr.s R. L. GelliW- Park 
Home Henry, Park Cotta^^e 
Lawiy J. W"., J. P., CO., Tiiarsis Villa 
Luxton Gt-ort^e, Cotehele barton 
Lan^^sford Charles, Cleavc, St. Mellion 
Piiij^eon Kev Alfred. B-iptist Minister 
Reed Jame.s Henry, I'amar I'l-nace 
Sowdeti William. Kelly House 
Spear Gid ;..n E., Kelly ViUa 
Spear John, Mi-lherill 
VVai ne Mrs. J. M. 

Westlake Thcmas, Rose Hill House 
Woodd Heniy Turnor, Kelly Villi 
Wame Mis. Saiab 

COMMERCIAL. 

Adams T. J, mnrket j^aideuer 
Adams Josepli, maiket ijaii-leiier 
Alfoid Robert R, accountant. Kelly 
Bond Jame>, mason, Norris Green 
Bennett L., maiket gardener, Kelly 
Bickle Wm. it Sons, drapers, tailor.'*, 

and bakers 
Bickle H., organ A pianoforte teacher 
Bray Charles, grocer, Harrowbarrow 
Blake William, bcotm.ik- r 
Bow den R., '• Steam Packet Hotel " 
Cann G. B, schoolmaster 
Cork W. H., stationer 
Coulter W., steward to Eatl of Mount 

E Igcumbe, Cotehele House 
Cox W. J. & Son, rop;,' uuikers 
Crocker Michael, dairyman 
Coonibe Arsenic Works, Harrowbarrow 

W. Sowden, Manager 
Crocker W. H. d'<iryman 
Curtis W., carpenter 
CoUom B, sclioohnistress, Wheal Zion 
Claik John, innkeeper, MethercU 
Clark Stanley, butcher, Metherell 



Cock F, carrier. Mount Pleasant 
Cotton He.iry, grocer & farmer. West 

Honeycumbe 
Duncan James, accountant and quarry 

manat-'cr, St. Ann's Chapel, in Gun- 

islake District 
Dingley d' Co, bankers, J. H, Reed, 

Agent 
Danescombe Mine, W. Sowden, Agent 
Forrest Jas., organist. Mount Pleasant 
Fox, Fowler & Co , bankers, S. Paul. 

Agent 
Foot Charles, baker 
Glanvdl W. M., carrier, Wheal Arthur 
Goss James, shipwright 

GRENFELL T., coal and manure 
merchant 

GRENFELL T Jua.,aeent Vivian 
dc Sous, and shipping agent 

Grenfell Alis.^ Clara, ladies' school 

Harrison J. F., carpenter 

Harvie Mrs. E., shopkeeper, Metherell 

Harding Mr., " Ashburlon Hotel " 

Harris Lydia, shopkeeper & post otiice 

Herring John, " Tamt^r Inn " 

Hillman Jabez, grocer 

Hunn P'rancis, grocer, !\retherell 

Inch J. L., mine anient. Higher Coombe 

Isbed William, sujitli, Harrowbarrow 
Harrowbarrow 

Loam James & John, barge owners 

Luscombe John, dairyman 

Lant'sford William, miller, Glamorgan 
Cleave 

Lucas Mrs. E., market gar iener 

Lucas G., baker 

May Robert, shipwright 

Matthews Mrs. X' Sons, smiths 

Nilson Per, fruiterer 

PAUL J. D, carrier A posting estab- 
lishment 

I'aul Stei)hen, bank agent 

PAUL F. J. tador and outfitter, 
(see all advts.) 

Pearce William, butcher 

Parken George, miller, Harrowbarrow 
Mills, Callington 

Parken J. N. A E. Misses, dressmakers 

Prince of Wales Mine Harrowbarrow, 
Agent— J. L. Inch ; Manager— C, F. 
Thomas 



60 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



Preston Alfred, fruit grower, Kelly 
Ponuoy Mrs., market gardener, Ivelly 
Rogers James, mine agent, Methevell 
Eisdon W. .T., wheelwright and shop- 

keejjer, Metherell 
Rickard Mrs. M. C. butcher 
Reed James Henry, bank agent, Ivelly 
Rowe George, mine agent, Kell}' 
Rows James, grocer & mine agent 
Rowe Mr?. A. J, post mistress and 

clerk to school board 
E. SYMONS & SOK, coal and 

mannre meichant?, CoteheleQuay 
Smale Ebenezer, ship steward 
Sowden William, Railway manager 
Spear (^ideon E., merchant, Kelly villa 
Stanbury S. H., tailor 
Sowton Mary Jane, grocer 
Samuel Jonathan, coal merchant 
Searle Mrs., beer retailer 
Soper W , ED arket gardener 
Tree Joseph, market gardener 
Terrell J. & L, drapers 
Tozer Mrs. Ida, shopkeeper 
Truran F. C, shopkeeper 
Vosper George, butcher 
WARWICK W., carrier 
Worth John Henry, baker & grocer 
WESTLAKE T- & SON. brick and 

arsenic manufacturers 

FARMERS. 

Brealey William, Sandways 
Bennett Stephen, Metherell 
Barriball Harvey E, Harrowbarrow 
Congdon oharles, Cold East 
Dawe Joseph F, Metherell 



Dawe William P, „ 

Dawe Elizabeth ,, 

Dawe John, Newton 

Dingle David, Rising Sun 

Every William, bailiff, Cotehele 

Eastley Frederick E, Harrowbarrow 

Fitze John, Silver Valley, Cahington 

Greep J. R, Sevenstones, 

Grylls Martin, Cleave ,, 

Glanville, J & H, North Park 

Johns Josiah W, and sexton 

James Frank 

Knight Frederick, Harewood 

Kelly J, West Harrowbarrow, Call'gton 

Langsford Roger, Cleave, St. Mellion 

Langpford Ernest, Harrowbarrow 

Lawrence W. E,Hingston, Gunnislake 

District 
Luxton J. and Traction Engine and 

Steam Roller Proprietor, Trehill 
Martin William R, Higher Brookland 
Martin Joseph, butcher. Grove, St. 

Mellion 
Matthews J, A fruit grower, Metherell 
Matthews Richard, Metherell 
Pengelly George, Slimeford 
Philp J, West Harrowbarrow, Call'gton 
Paul! James D 
Rickard Thomas, Cleave 
Rowe J A, Slimeford 
Rort'se Alfred 
Stapleton John, Metherell 
Steer Nicholas. Treradgin 
Tidball G. Silver Valley, Callington 
Warne John, Hingston 



GUNNISLAKE. 

^UNNISLAKE is a town situated on the banks of the river 
^ Tamar, adjoining the main roac^ leading from Callington 
to Tavistock, which unites the two counties by a splendid bridge 
that spans the Tamar. The town contains a population of 
over 3,000 inhabitants, biit its houses are scattered and irregularly 
built. It is distant about 2 miles from Calstock town, 4 from 
Tavistock, and 5 from Callington, The East Cornwall Coach 
passes through it daily to and from Tavistock and Callington. 

The principal industries in the neighbourhood are the famous 
Granite Quarries, the Brick Works, and Mines including the 
Devon Consols. This town was never in a more flourishing state 
than now. Nearly every house is occupied, labourers earn good 
wages, and not one scarcely is out of employment. 



CALSTOCK, 



61 



The Town is well supplied with Water b}^ the Distridl: Coun- 
cil, and Gas by Lawry, Hawke dc Venning, Ltd. 

A small market is held here every Saturday for provisions. 

W. H. Martin, carrier to Tavistock, every week-day, except Saturdays, 
lea\ing Gunnislake at lo a.m., returning from Tavistock at 4 p.m. To 
Launceston on Saturdays, leaving Gunnislake at 7-30, returning from 
Lauuceston at 4 p.m. 

N.B. — All names in this list with no places of abode may be understood to re- 
side in Gunnislake. 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Bowhay lid.. Kingselt House, Albaston 
Bowhay JNfrs Lydia, Albaston House 
Bowhay Thomas T, 
Bowhay Albert, Kingswood House 
Bennett Thomas Campbell, Hingston 

House 
Batt Rev B. A. A., B. C. Minister 
Coward Mrs. Ada, Dimson 
Chynoweth Mrs., Hingston Villa 
Cocking Richard 
Cocking George 
Down Arthur 

Glanville Mrs. Gnaton terrace Albaston 
Harvy John, Kast View 
James H., Downfield Villa, St Ann's 
Johns William H., Sandhill House 
Jones Rev. J. H., Curate, f ioldsworthy 

House 
Knight Luke, Bealswood House 
Knott George 
Lavers Mrs, Albaston 
Procter Lieut. Joseph, R.N., Well Park 
Rodda James, St. Ann's Chapel 
Richards John, St. .Inn's Chapel 
Rodda Mrs 

Seccombe John C, Clittors Mine 
Sims Mrs, Alma Cottage 
Smith J. S, 3 Gnaton terrace, Albaston 
Strick W. J Prospect House 
Symes Rev. Charles, Wesley Villa 
Wakem J. H, Chilsworthy 
Williams Mrs. E., Prospect Villa 

COMMERCIAL, 
ANDREWS Wm., dealer 
Andrews E. J, butcher and grocer 
Annear Joseph, bookseller, Dimson 
Bond John, mason, St Ann's Chapel 
Biscombe S, dairyman, 
Baker William, smith, Albaston 
Baker John, shopkeeper 
Baker T, market gardener, Splatford 
Bennett J. V, sanitary inspector and 
surveyor 



Bickle James, butcher, Drakewalls 
Bickle George, butcher 
Burnman John, innkeeper, St. Ann's 
Burnman Wm, bnck maker, post 

office, St Ann's Chapel 
Bolt Chns. it Sons, granite merchants; 

JHuisi a 
Bolt William, relieving officer 
Bolt Fredeiick, quarry manager 
Braund Mrs M. H, draper 
Bowhay Laura, carrier, Drakewalls 
Bowhay E.ifc Brothers, brewers malsters 

and tanners, Albaston 
Chapman T., mine igent, Drakewalls 
Chegwin Joseph, dairyman 
Cocks & S.\ mons, carpenters, &i: 
Coath R. P, grocer, &c., Drakewalls 
Cocks & Symons, dressmakers 
Davey Airs, butcher 
Davey Ambrose, grocer 
Down Thomas A, mine agent 
Duence William. car2:)enter 
Duance William Jun, carpenter 
Durant J., market gardener. Hatches 

Green 
IHngley & Co., bankers, Tavistock, 

Agent — J. H. Reed, Thursdays 
Devon & Cornwall Bank — Tavistock 
Edgcumbc Tliomas E. grocer ct draper 
Giills William, butcher Albaston 
GriL'blc Richard, dealer 
Gimblett George, bootmaker 
Green Mrs, shopkeei^er 
Hambling Jonas, dealer 
Harding H., market gardnr, Woodcliffe 
Hill Emma grocer, St Ann' Chajjel 
Heydon Joseph, chemist and grocer 
Uarvy William, dairyman 
Jago Mrs. Sarah & Son, wheelwrights, 

Albaston 
Jame.> J, "Queen's Head " Albaston 
J;igo Bruce, wheelwright, St Ann's 
James H. H , manager arsenic works, 

St Ann's Chapel 
Knight Mark, carpenter 



62 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



Knott, Eiehd., dairyman, Delaware 
Lake John, tailor and outfitter 
Lavis John, newsagent 
Lavis Thos., ircnniouKer 
Lawry J., manager gas works 
Martyn Alfred, grocer and boarding 

house 
MARTYN Will. H., ,carrier 
Milford VVm., market gardener, St. 

Ann's ChajDel 
Moor John, wheelwright, & medicine 

vendor, St. Ann's Cluipel 
Morgan John Edgar, schoolmaster 
Moyse Wra., agent arsenic works, 

'ireenhill 
Mumford John, market gardener 

^\'himple 
Murton Alfred, insurance agent, 

Dimson 
Nicholas Wm., grocer, Albaston 

NORMINGTON Jas-, grocer and 

emigration agent, Drakewalls 
Oliver Ed., dairyman, Dimson 
Pearson S. & Sons Ltd., granite 

merchants and contractors 
Parken Alfred, grocer and draper 
Pedlar Chas. B., fancy goods dealer 
Pedlar Arthur, ironmonger 

PENDREY WALTER C, chira 

dealer 
Pyatt George, brush maker 
Eich W., "White Hart" Chilsworthy 
ROSEKELLY N. R., builder & 

smith, Albaston 
Penny Wra., dairyman and fruit 

grower, Hingston 
PhilHps Mary, grocer 
Quick Ann, grocer 
Eodda William, grocer 

SHENALE ELIZABETH,grocer 

Sleep Miss Eliza, shopkeeper 
Spargo Mrs. M., glass & china dealer 
Shore Emanuel, hairdresser 
Sleep Fred., market gardener 
Sleeman Samuel, baker 
Slocombe Wm., bootmaker 
SMITH, W. T. Tobacconist, Con- 
fectioner, &c., Cnlstock Road. 
Snow Wm., market gardener, Cold 

Harbor 
Sobey Jas. H., goldsmith 
StenlakeC, grocer, Chilsworthy 
Stephens E. B., grocer, Latchley 
Skinnard Simon, baker, Albaston 
Symons J. H.," Tavistock Hotel " 



Stenlake Jane, grocer, Chilsworthy 
Terrell, A., butclier, St. Ann's Chapel 
Took R., Seedsman 
Trathen C, giocer, St. Ann's Chapel 
Trcsidder Mrs., post ofiice, Albaston 
Tall Wm., " Commercial Hotel " 
Taylor Daniel, shoemaker 
Trefry Louisa Mrs., shopkeeper 
Tremaine A. P., shoemaker 
Truscott Wm., bootmaker 
Turner Wm. H., tailor & Outfitter 
TOWNSEND MISSES, grocers& 

drapers 
Vian Jane, post mistress 
Venning Walter, grocer 
Wakem J. G., assistant overseer and 

butcher, St. Ann's 
Wallace, Thos., insurance agent 
Whitford H., grocer ot draper, Dimson 
WHITFORD J. H., grocer and 

draper, Dimson 
Willcocks Geo., innkeeper. Hatches 

Green 
Williams Frederick, baker 
Woodland Mr, smith 
Woolcock, K. J. B., butcher, Chils- 
worthy 
White Geo., quarry agent 
Wakeni Sarah, grocer, Latchley 
WILLIAMS JANE, grocer, 

Drakewalls 
Webber, Thos., grocer, St. Ann's 

Chapel 
Webber C. E., butcher, Si. Ann's 

Chapel 

FARMERS. 
Bowhay Thos. T , Albaston 
Baker Nicholas, Todsworthy 
Burley Andrew, Cox Park 
Bailey Fiederick & Mrs., Latchley 
Bowhay Joseph, DrakelanJs Cross 
Baker N., Todsworthy 
Cocking Thos., Latchley 
Cock John C, Delaware 
Cord will Wm., Cox Park 
Cory .John, Chilsworthy 
Down John, Chilsworthy 
Fuller George, Cox Park 
Glanville John, Hatches 
Gould George, Cox Park 
Granville Thos., St. Ann's Chapel 
Harvey Robeit John, Chilsworthy 
Hearn Owen, Cox Park 
Hoskin George, Dimson 
Harris Joel, Albaston 
Johns W, H., SandhiU 



CALSTOCK. - ST. DOMINICK 



63 



Lawrence W. E., Hingstoo 
Marty n John, Lalchley 
Morrish John, Latchley 
MuUis WilHam, Latchley 
Nortlicott, Joseph, Latchley 
Paul S. 11., Cross 
Priflham Alfred, Cox Park 
Parker W., Chilswortliy 
Rosvse George, Chilswoithy 
Steiilake Jane A., Chilswortliy 
Spurrell Simon, Dimson 



Stephens Williarn, Latchley 
Strong Thomas, Hawkmoor 
Strong; William, Hawkmoor 
Terrell Josephus, St. Ann's Chapel 
Veall William, St. Aon's Chapel 
Wadge \\m. Hy., Whim pie 
Wonnacott Frelk., Heath Cottage 
Woolcock (i. 13., Todswortliy 
Woolcock Jno., Chilswortliy 
Woolcock R. J. B., Chilsworthy 
Young, Rtifiis 



St. DOMINICK- 

ST. DOMINICK is a village and parish on the navigable river 
Tamar, which torms its eastern boundary ; it is also bounded 
on the north b)^ Calstock, south by Pillaton and St. Mellion, and 
on the west by Callington ; and the village is 3 miles from 
Callington, and 8 from Saltash Railway Station. 

The Churchtown is about 3 miles distant from the South 
Western Railway Station at Here Alston, which is reached 
only by foot passengers who have to cross in a ferry at Cotehele. 

This parish is very productive of fruit of various kinds, and is 
particularly noted for its abundant cherry and strawberry 
gardens. Over 2,000 tons of fruit are sent annunlK^ to London, 
Liverpool, Manchester, Glasgow, Edinburgh, and other pro- 
vincial and local markets. Upwards of 500 tons of fruit are sent 
yearly across the ferry at Cotehele to Bere Alston Station alone. 

The living is a Rectory, net yearl}- \'ahie £^210, including 106 
acres of glebe with residence, in the gift of, and held since 1894 
by the Rev. Cecil Square, M.A. 

The Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, w'ho is Lord of the Manor, and 
AVm. Coryton, Esq., are the principal landowners. 

The Churchtown, Ashton, Bohetherick, Burraton and Cross,, 
are villages and lian:lets in ihc parish. 

Large quantities of Coal, Timber. Manure, Lime, and other 
Merchandise are imported at Halton and Cotehele Quays in 
this parish. 

There is a National Day School (mixed) for go children ; aver- 
age attendance; 39 ; Miss Kate Moon, Mistress. A Church 
Sunday School is held in the old Day School in the Churchyard. 
The Wesleyans have a Chapel, and Sunday and Day Schools 
connedfed therewith. The latter (mixed) is for 100 children; 
average attendance 76; Miss Hannah P^lacDonald, Mistress. 
The Day Schools are both supported by Government grant and 



64 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



a voluntary rate. The Bible Christians have a Chapel and Sun- 
day School. 

POST, M. O. & T. O., S. B. & Annuity & Insurance Office— Mr. James 
Rabbage. sub-postmaster, Letters received through St. Mellion, R.S.O. at 
7-20 a.m. ; dispatched at 9-10 & 5-40 p,m. Wall Letter Boxes ; Ashton, cleaied 
at 8-20 a.m. and 5-10 p.m. ; Cotehele Quay, cleared at 5 p.m. ; Bohetherick, 
cleared 5-15 p.m. ; Hunter's Oak, cleared 5-30 p.m. ; and Halton Quay, cleared 
at 5-50 p.m. Sundays 8 to 10 a.m. for stamps and telegraph. 

Trenance L., bargeman, Pit Lane 
Vosper S., butcher, and fruit grower, 
Bohetherick 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Lucas Mrs., Ashton 

Martin Mrs., Toweli Cottage 

Square Cecil, Rev. M.A., Rectory 

COMMERCIAL. 

Bennett Mary J., market gardener, 

Bohetherick 
Blank }. jun., gardener, Halton Lane 
Bowden Philip, shoemaker, Burraton 
Cousens Mrs. M. A., Butchers -Arms 
Cousens John, builder and assistant 

overseer, Glebe Cottages 
Cradick Nicholas, traction engine 

proprietor, Burraton 
Cradick Mrs. M. A., butcher 
Ford Charles, Sexton, Baber 
Grills ]., gardener. Strawberry Hill 
Hocking W, gardener. Strawberry hill 
Hughes H. smith, Danescombe Gate 
Johns T., blacksmith, Bohetherick 
C. LANGSFORD, miller & fniit 

grower, Murden Mill 
Martin Miss, shopkeeper, Bohetherick 
Mason Mrs. S., market gardener 
Martin, John, gardener, Bohetherick 
Martin W., gardener, Bohetherick 
Martin Henry, gardener, Bohetherick 
Martin T., butcher, Bohetherick 
Martin, W., barge owner, Bohetherick 
Mynard Francis Henry, accountant, 

'Halton Quay 
Painter J., gardener Mount Pleasant 
Poad Samuel, mason, Ashton 
Poad Charles, mason, Baber 
Perry Spear, & Co. Ltd., merchants, 

Halton Quay 
RABBAGE JAMES, grocer and 

post office 
Rickard James, tailor, Baber 
Sargent Mrs. M. A., shoemaker. Cross 
Sleeman W S., builder, Bohetherick 
Striplin. G. &N, machinists, Burraton 
Striplin R., coach builder, Babsr 
Symons, William, butcher, Baber 
Treais j., shoemaker, Eadland Ford 
Treais Richard, gardener, Churchtown 
Trenance J„ barge owner, Bohetherick 



Wadge, M. gardener, Hillbrow cottage 
Wadge F. carpenter. Glebe Cottages 

FARMERS. 

* Means these are Fruit Growers also 
*Babl) Joseph, Baber 

* Bennett Richard, Mount Pleasant 
*Bond John Harvey, Stockwell 
*Bridgman S. & G. T., Haye 
*Channon Richard, Burcombe 
*Cox William, Halton Barton 
*Congdon Joseph & Eichd., RadlanJ 
*Cradick Mrs., Heathfield 
*Cradick George, Chapel 
*Downins; John, Greenbank 
Eastley Frederick, Corneal 

*Grills Mrs. Agnes, Fursdon 
*Grills Alfred, Burraton 
Grills Mrs. E. A., Smeaton 
*Herring Edmnd & Son, Bohethjric!< 
*J:lerring William, Brandon 
*Hocking George, Berry Wood 
*Hawk Mary, Eastco:t 
*Jope George, Berry 
"Jop.*^ William, Dairy 
*Knight Samuel, Spurhouse 
*LangsfGrd S., Murden 
*Langsford James, Birchenhayes 
*Martin George, Ashton 

* Martin Joseph, and brewer, Toweli 
*Alutton William, Haye 

Parkin Mary, (Mrs.), Ashton 

*Parkin Jane, (Mrs.), Burraton 

Parken Jonathan, Corneal 

*Reep Lewis, Stone Cross 

*Reep Herbert, Bohetherick 

*Rosekilly Richard, Baber 

*Snell George, Ashton 

*Snell Benjamin, Radland Mill 

*Trewartha Mrs., Barretts mill, Calln. 

Tucker Thos, Gooseford 

*Vosper Thomas, Quarry 

*Vosper Edwin, Woodland 

*Vosper Samuel, and butcher 

* Worth Samuel Bond, Trehill 



ST. GERMANS. 65 



ST GERMANS. 

0lT. GERMANS is a veiy large village and parish on the Lynher 
'^ Creek, with a station on the Great Western Railway. It is 
the head of a Poor Law Union and Riu'al District Council, but the 
Workhouse and Offices are situated at Torpoint, where the meet- 
ings are held. The parish is bounded on the North by Menheniot 
and Quethiock ; on the east by Landrake, St. Germans Creek 
and Sheviock; on the south by the sea; and on the west by St. 
Martins by Looe, Morval and Menheniot. Tlie Town is 6 miles 
distant from Liskeard, and 8 from Saltash. The parish contains 
9997a. 2r. 16p. of land, and is probably the largest in the County 
containing no waste land. 

This parish is divided into three Ecclesiastical districts, the other 
churches being at the villages of Hessenford and Tideford. There 
is a Vicarage hoiise in each. For particulars of livings, etc., see 
Table. 

TIDEFORD is a large village in the parish, so called from its 
being situated at the head of the estuary of the River Tidi. A 
Chapel of Ease was built here in 1845, and dedicated to St. Luke. 

HESSENFORD is another large village where there is a Chapel 
of Ease. 

POLBATHIC, also a village in the parish, stands at the top of 
the St. Germans Creek, on the Torpoint Turnpike Road, where the 
Agi-icultural Implement Works of Messrs. W. Brenton, Ltd., are 
situate, and a number of hands employed. 

DOWNDERRY, a popular seaside resox't, is also in this parish ; 
and within the last few years a number of villa residences over- 
looking the sea have been erected hei'e. There are several private 
lodging houses which are always well filled with toiu-ists and 
visitors during the summer months ; and in other seasons of the 
year, mostly on account of health conditions, many take up a 
temporary residence. 

The St. Germans District Council have, after considerable 
agitation, completed a new drainage scheme and water supply for 
Downdcn-y, which will greatly improve this rising seaside health 
resort. A Chapel of Ease was erected here in 1883 at the sole 
expense of the late Rev. J. T. Fisher, of Hessenford, and Mrs. 
Fisher has endowed it with an annuity of £40 per annum. 

The Wesleyans have a Chapel at the Churchtown, St. Germans, 
the land for the erection of which was secured in a most remarkable 
manner (the historj' of this is given elsewhere) ; they have also a 



66 venning's postal directory. 

Sunday School, and it is expected a schoolroom will shortly be 
erected adjoining the Chapel. 

At Tideford, Hessenford, Downderry, and Minard Cross, there 
are Wesleyan Chapels and Sunday Schools ; and at Bethany and 
Polbathic the Reform Methodists have places of Worship, and 
a Sunday School at Polbathic. 

The principal landowners are the Earl of St. Germans, Repre- 
sentatives of the late Sir J. W. Copley, Bart., General Trelawney, 
and John Littleton, Esq. This extensive parish contains as great 
a number of large and well cultivated farms as any in the County. 
Many of the smaller farms have been converted into large ones. 

POSTAL KEGULATIONe— ST. GERMANS. 

POST, M. O. and T. O., S. B. and Annuity and Insurance Office 
(Railway Sub-Office. Letters should have R.S.O. Cornwall added.) — 
Miss Jane Geake, Postmistress. Letters from London 5-15 a.m. and 
1-45 p.m. ; from the North at 11-45 a.m. ; from South Cornwall at 
1-30 and 7-50 p.m. ; and from Plymouth at 5-30 p.m. ; despatched to 
South Cornwall at 4-40 and 11 a.m. ; to the North at 1-5 p.m. and to 
London at 7-10 p.m. ; Sunday, 5-15 a.m. arrive and 7-10 p.m. 
despatched. 

SUB-POST OFFICE, POLBATHIC— Albert Edward Burleigh, Sub- 
Postmaster. Letters arrive from St. Germans R.S.O. which is the 
nearest Money Order and Telegraph Office, at 6-25 a.m. and 2-30 p.m. ; 
despatched thereto at 10-20 a.m. and 12-55 and 6-25 p.m. This Office 
is open for Money Orders, Savings Bank, and the sale of Licences. 

SUB-POST OFFICE, TRERULE FOOT.— Mrs. Susannah Stephens, 
Sub-Postmistress. Letters arrive from St. Germans R.S.O. at 6-55 
a.m. and 5-10 p.m. ; despatched thereto at 9-45 a.m. and 6-0 p.m. The 
nearest Money Order and Telegraph Office is at St. Germans. Postal 
Orders are issued here, but not paid. 

Wall Letter Boxes : — Tideford Quay, cleared 10 a.m. and 5-40 p.m. ; 
Lower Town, 11 a.m. and 6-20 p.m. week davs only ; and Minard Cross 
at 12-30 and 4-50 p.m. Wall box, Trebole, cleared at 10 a.m. and 6-25 
p.m. — week days only. 

TIDEFORD. 

POST and M. 0. O., S. B. and Annuity and Telegraph Office.— Mrs. 
Elizabeth J. Broad, Sub-Postmistress. Letters received through St. 
Germans R.S.O. at 6-50 a.m. and 2-50 p.m. ; despatched at 10-30 a.m. 
and 5-50 p.m. 

Wall Letter Boxes : — Tideford Quay, cleared 10 a.m. and 5-40 p.m. ; 
Blunts, cleared 11-20 a.m. — week days only. 

Letters for Coldrenick to be addressed Menheniot R.S.O., and for 
Bethany and Budge's shop, St. Germans. 



ST. GERMANS. 67 



DOWNDERRY. 

POST, M. O., T. O. and S. B.— Miss Gertrude Parker, Sub-Post- 
mistress. Letters from St. Germans R.S.O. arrive at 8-20 a.m. and 
4 p.m. ; despatched 11-40 a.m. and 4-15 p.m., and during summer 
months, June to September, at 6 p.m. 

Wall Letter Box, Deviock, cleared at 12 noon and 4-30 p.m. — week 
days only. 

HESSENFORD. 

POST OFFICE. ^Mr. Thomas Hoskin, Sub-Postmaster. Letters 
arrive from St. Germans R.S.O. at 7-35 a.m. and 2-30 p.m. ; despatched 
at 7-50 a.m. 12-5 and 5-30 p.m. The nearest Telegraph Office is at 
Downderry. This Office is now open from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. for Money 
Order and Savings Bank business, and also the sale of Licences. 

SCHOOLS. 

Endowed (boys only), endowed with £1,252 £2^ per Cent. Consols 
and 8 acres of land, by Nicholas Honey in 1657 ; the school will hold 
100 children; average attendance, 45; William George Broad, master. 

Earl of St. Germans (girls and infants), built in 1830 and enlarged in 
1891, for 125 children, at a cost of about £250, defrayed by the lilarl 
of St. Germans; average attendance, (iO ; Mrs. Stephen Hancock, 
mistress. 

National, Hessenford (mixed), enlarged in 1895, for 70 children ; 
average attendance, 50 ; Mrs. Mary Peggy Horwill, mistress. 

National, Deviock (mixed), built in 1844 and enlarged in 1895, for 
100 children ; average attendance, about 55 ; Albert Marshall Harding, 
master ; Mrs. Grace C. Harding, mistress. 

National, Catchfrench (mixedV built in 1858, for 73 children ; average 
attendance, 49 ; Mrs. Rebecca Barrett, mistress. 

TIDEFORD. 

National School (mixed), with residence for the mistress attached, 
built in 1848, and enlarged in 1890, for 120 children; average at- 
tendance, 82 ; Mrs. Jessamine Luxton, mistress. 

Carrier to Plymouth (Millbay Dock) boat cargo only. — John Ellis, 
occasionally. 

Carrier to Plymouth.— Mrs. Elizabeth Haddy, Saturdays. 
ST. GERMANS UNION. 

Board day, alternate Thursdays at 10-45 at the Workhouse, Torpoint. 

The Union comprises the following places: — Antony, Botusfleming, 
Landrake with St. Erney, Landulph, Maker. Pillaton, Quothiock, 
Rame. Saltash, Sheviock, St. Germans witli Tideford and Hessenford, 
St. John's, St. IMellion, St. Stephens-by-Saltash and Millbrook. 
RURAL DISTRICT COUNCIL. 

Meets every alternate Tlinrsday, 11 a.m. at Workhouse, Torpoint. 
Clerk, Frederick W. Cleverton, Saltash. 

Treasurer, Richard Foster, Consolidated Bank of Cornwall, Liskeard. 
Medical Officer of Health, John Bedford Kerswill, M.R.C.P. Edin., 
Fairfield, St. Germans. 

Surveyor and Sanitary Inspector, S. P. Iloskmg, Landrake. 



6S 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



ST. GERMANS. 

PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Allix, Chas. Israel Loraine, J. P., 

steward to Earl St. Germans. 
St. Germans, Earl of, D.L., J. P., 

Port Eliot. 
Brenton, George Henry 
Coad, Miss 

Geake, Mrs., Cuddenbeak. 
Gill, John Wallis, East Hill. 
Glendinning, Rd. Rashleigh, Cliff 

Cot. 
Hancock, Richard 
Hicks, Miss, Belle Vue. 
Jago, ,1. R. , Lyiiher Cottape, 
Kers-\vill, .Tolin Bedford, Fairfield. 
Paige, Richd. Edwin, J. P., C.C., 

Treboul. 
Polgreen, Henrv. 
Westmacott, Rev. Walt., M.A.. 

Vicarage. 

COMMERCIAL. 

Bersey, W. J., boot & shoe maker. 

Bolson, John, baker and grocer. 

Bray, George & Sons, butchers. 

Brenton, George Henry, building 
surveyor and farm steward to 
the Right Hon. Earl of St. 
Germans. 

Couch, Henry, Eliot Arms, 
commercial hotel and posting 
house. 
Couch, Isaac, blacksmith, iron- 
monger, coal merchant, far- 
mer, and news agent. 

Creber, William F., farmer and 
merchant, Lanjore ; stores, 
Polbathic. 

Elford & Goard, millwrights & ag- 
ricultural implement makers, 
Lynher works. 

Gill, John Wallis, L.R.C.P. Lond., 
surgeon, and medical officer 
& public vaccinator, 1st dist. 
St. Germans Union. 

Glendinning, Richard Rashleigh, 
organist & teacher of music, 
Cliff Cottage. 

Harris, James, shopkeeper, Tre- 
rule Foot. 

Hawke, Goorg:© W.j boot 
and shoe maker. 



Kerswell, J. Bedford, M.R.C.P. 
Edin., physician, and medical 
officer of health to rural sani- 
tary authority, Fairfield. 

Nicholls, T., inspector of police. 

Paige, Richard Edwin, J. P., C.C, 
Treboul. 

Parker, Elizh. (Mrs.) & Sons, 
drapers, grocers and bakers, 
Treboul Cross & Downderry. 

Pearce, Albert, corn merchant. 

Pearce, John Lanyon, grocer. 

Pearce, Samuel, tailor. 

Pick, Mrs. Emma, wagonette 
proprietress. 

Polgreen, Catherine (Miss), 
deputy registrar of births and 
deaths. 

Polgreen, Henry, clerk to com- 
missioners of taxes, assistant 
overseer, and clerk to parish 
council, registrar of births and 
deaths, & vaccination officer 
for St. Germans sub-district. 

Read, Alfred S., head gardener to 
Earl St. Germans. 

Rogers, Daniel, linen draper, &c. 

Salter, G., saddler & ironmonger. 

Scantlebury, John, head game- 
keeper to Earl St. Germans. 

Williams, Jn., read foreman and 
aparts. 

POLBATHIC. 

PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Brenton, William 
Trevan, William 

COMMERCIAL. 

Bersey, Albert, butcher. 

Brenton, William, Limited, agri- 
cultural implement makers, 
engineers, millwrights, and 
patentees. 

Brenton, William H., engineer. 

Chiswell, Lawrence, boot maker. 

Chiswell, L., junr., boot maker. 

Couling, Henry, engineer. 

Couling, James, blacksmith. 

Creber, William F., merchant. 

Oliver Robert, corn & seed 
merchant. 

Parker, Reginald Wm., butcher. 



ST. GERMANS. 



69 



Pearce, Bros., millers (water and 
steam), and corn and coal 
merchants. 

Pearce, Frederick Wesley, miller. 

Smith, R., baker & shopkeeper. 

Smith, William, carpenter. 

Wheeler, Mr., Half-way House, 
P.H. 

DOWNDERRY. 

PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Hill, Arthur 

Jarvis, Mrs. 

Nettle, William 

Rickeard, W. Wills, Tremorham. 

Romestin, Rev. E. de, Curate-in- 

charge. 
Williams, J. 

COMMERCIAL. 

Andrew, Rd. & John, carpenters. 
Alsopp, Mr., Sea View Hotel. 
Broad, Elizabeth (Mrs.) and Wm., 

reireshnient rooms. 
Coast Guard Station (chief boat- 
man-in-charge George Brooks.) 
Foot, James, builder. 
Harfoot, Mrs. Jane, apartments. 
Harris, John Dove, apartments. 
May, Isaac, apartments. 
Mitchell, F., builder & apartmnts. 
Mitchell, William, builder and 
apartments. Oak Bee Cottage. 
Mitchell, William Henry, wagon- 
ette proprietor. 
Parker, Elizabeth (Mrs.), tt Sons, 

groceis and drapers. 
Smith, Fanny (Miss), and Moyle, 
Gertrude (Miss), apartments. 
Tiltman, Frederick, ajiartments. 
Tiltman, Henry, apartments. 
Wikeham, William, apartments. 
Warne, William, apartments. 
Whaler, Angelina and Jemima 
(Misses), prcjiaiatory school. 
Working Men's Club it Reading 
Room (Major Brian Williams, 
president ; Albt. M. Harding, 
iion. secretary and treasurer.) 

TIDEFORD. 

PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Blake, Simons, Kilna. 

Jenkins, Rev. I)., M.A., Vicarage. 



Lewis, William. 

Liptrot, Alfred Bailey, Woodleigh. 

Porcher, A. J., Woodview House. 

Tregoning, Arthur S. 

COMMERCIAL.. 

Blake, S., miller (water), Heskyn 
Mill, and merchant, Kilna. 

Broad, A., coach builder & grocer. 

Congdon, Joseph, butcher. 

Govett, P. B., grocer & carpenter. 

Greet, T., boot & shoe maker. 

Greet, Wm., boot & shoe maker. 

Haddy, Richard, carpenter. 

Hancock, Wm. Thomas, saddler 
and ironmonger. 

Harvey, R., butter &: egg dealer. 

Henwood, Nicholas, timloer mer- 
chant, Cutcrew mill. 

Hawke, Bertha Ann (Miss), linen 
draper. 

Kendall, Henrv, ironmonger. 

Liptrot, Alfred Bailev, L.R.C.P. 
Edin., M.R.C.S. "Lond., sur- 
geon, Woodleigh. 

Peters, Ann (Mrs.), shopkeeper. 

Peters, Thomas, boot maker, 
Budge's shop. 

Pound, S., Commercial Inn. 

Weeks, William Henrv, miller 
(water), CrifHe Mill." 

Working Men's Reading Room 
(William Hambly and Philip 
B. Govett, joint secretaries.) 

HESSENKOTU). 

PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Pole, Miss, St. Anne's Cottage. 
Pole, Mrs., St. Anne's Cottage. 
Wheeler, Rev. Horace Newman, 

M.A., (vicar.) 
WItlier, Miss, St. Anne's Cottage. 

COMMERCIAL. 

Hrav. Jessie (Mrs.), Copley 

Arms, P.H. 
Bunny, T., boot maker, Narkurs. 
Collins. Thos., shopkeeper. 
Clark, Job, wheelw riglit. 
Couch, Jas., blacksiMith, Bake 

Lane End. 
Couch, Robert, blacksmith and 

shopkeeper. 
Couch, W., blacksmith. Narkurs. 
Foot, James, carpenter, Narkura. 



70 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



Kitt, William, carpenter. 
Moore, Edn.. boot & shoe maker. 
Morcombe, R., Cornish Arms, 

P.H., & miller (water). 
Roberts, Joseph, agent for Mrs. 

Cocks, St. Anne's Villa. 
Working Men's Institute (Albert 

Lightfoot, secretary.) 

FARMERS. 

Broad, William, Downderry. 
Bray, George, Treyone. 
Batten, Edw. & F., Coldrennick. 
Best, Wm. John, Trebrown. 
Burrows, William 
Banbury, Richard, Treliddon. 
Bennett, William, Trerieve. 
Body, Edwin, Milladon. 
Carpenter, Francis, Pennywin. 
Carpenter, Eliz. (Mrs.) Carracawn. 
Clogg, Eliz. (Mrs.), Tregunnick. 
Coad, William, Trerule. 
Congdon, Margarei: (Mrs.) 
Creber, W., & merchant, JLanjore. 
Foote, Elizabeth (Mrs.), Narkurs. 



Hancock, Elizabeth (Mrs.), Bon- 

alva Mill. 
Hancock, Samuel, Care. 
Hancock, John M., Trenethick. 
Hocken, James, Bara Pill. 
Kelly, John, Tresulgan. 
Lower, John, South Bake. 
Lucas, Richard O., Bonalva. 
Matthews & Sons, Triffle. 
Matthews, Robert, Trewall. 
Mortimer, Richard, Minard. 
Maynard, Henry, Cut crew. 
Maslin, Jacob, Polbathic. 
O'Dogherty, Jane (Mrs.), Tredud- 

well. 
Panter, Richard, Clinick. 
Paige, Richard Edwin, Treboul. 
Roberts, William, Bake. 
Roseveare, George, Polmarkin. 
Scantlebury, John, Hessenford. 
Stanton, Charles, Carcoe. 
vStanton. William, Treyone. 
Stephens, Benjamin, Penquite. 
Tucker, Edmund, Molenick. 
Thomas, W. H. (Mrs.) Catch- 

french. 



ST. IVE. 

CJIT. IVE, locally pronounced St. Eve, is a parish and village on the 
*"^ main road from Callington to Liskeard, between the rivers 
Lynher and Tidi, is situate 4i- miles north-east of Liskeard, and 
5 miles north-east of Menheniot Station on the Great Western 
Railway ; and is bounded on the north by Linkinhome and South- 
hill, on the east by Callington and St. Mellion (divided by the 
river Lynher), on the south by Quethiock, and on the west by 
Menheniot and St. Cleer. 

The Wesleyans have Chapels and Sunday Schools at Cross 
and Pensilva, and a Chapel at Marsh Gate. The Bible Christians 
and United Methodists have also Chapels and Sunday Schools at 
Pensilva. There is a Chapel of Ease (built of corrugated iron) at 
Pensilva; also a Salvation Army Hall. 

The living is a Rectoiy, net yearly value =£273, including 80 
acres of glebe with residence, in the gift of the Crown, and held 
since 1896 by the Rev. Charles John Coar, M.A. 

The Villages and Hamlets are the Churchtown, Pensilva or 
Bodminland, Keason and St. Ive Cross. 



ST. IVE. 7 1 

PENSILVA is a very large village, 2| railes north-west, chiefly 
inhabited by miners : its population has amounted to nearly 2,000, 
but in consequence of the stoppage of the Caradon Mines has con- 
siderably decreased within the last 20 years, and does not number 
now more than about 1,000. 

The only Mine now working in the pai'ish is Trelawny, situate 
about 1 mile from Pensilva ; which is worked for Arsenical Miuidic, 
by the Anglo Peninsula Mining and Chemical Co., Limited, who 
have laid out several thovisands of pounds diu-ing the last 3 years 
in erecting an Engine House, Stack, Burning Works, and 
Machinery, and employ over 100 men. Captain H. Bennett of 
Redmoor, Callington, is the Manager. 

The population of this parish has so varied dm'ing the last 100 
years that we give the following statistics: 1801 — 456; 1851 — 
1013; 1861—2593; 1871—2952; 1881—2120; 1891—1716; 
1901—1392. 

A School Board was formed in June, 1900, consisting of 5 
members. Mr. Thomas Richards, of Ford^ was elected Chair- 
man. 

The principal landowners are Sir Gerard Boucher Wrey, 
Bart., who is Lord of the Manor, Lady Ashburton, Digby Collins, 
Wm. Coryton, W. H. Horndon, G. S. S. Strode, and W. Pollard, 
Esquires. 

POST OFFICE, ST. IVE.— WilJiam Ilorring, Sub-Postmaster. 
Letters through Liskeurd at 7-5 a.m. ; despatehed at 5-10 p.m. Pensilva 
is the nearest Money Order and Telegraph Office. Postal Orders are 
issued here, but not paid. Wall Box, Reason, cleared at 5 p.m. 

Wall Letter Box, Charaton Cross, cleared at 3-40 p.m. 

National School (mixed). Church Town, built in 1829, for 80 children ; 
average attendance, 70; Walter Pugh, master; Miss ElizabCch 
Hawkin, mistress. 

POST and M. 0. O., S. B. and Annuity and Insurance Office and 
Telegraph Office, Pensilva, — Wm. Browning May, Sub-Postmaster. 
Letters through Liskeard arrive at 7-35 a.m. ; despatched at 4-25 p.m. 

National School, Pensilva, built in 1841, for 2G0 children ; average 
attendance, 59 boys, 52 girls and 53 infants ; Mr. Satchwell, school- 
master ; Mrs. Eliza Hooper, infants' mistress. 

PRIVATE RESIDENTS. ' Higman, John, timber merchant, 

Coar, Rev. C. J., M.A., Rectory. Sleeve. 

Eliot, Mrs. Alice, Tokenbury. Mutton, Bros., general dealers, 



Pollard, Wm., Esti., Woolston. 

COMMERCIAL. 
Alford, Wm., Butchers Arms. 



Reason . 
Rowe, William, mason, Cross. 

Suowdon. J. J., mnnager Co-op- 



Grose, John H., Assistant Over- 1 erative Stores, Reason. 

seer, Appledore. ; Scouray, W'illiam, smith, Cross. 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



Sandercock, Wm., smith, New- 
bridge, Callington. 
Wevell, Richard, smith, Gang. 

PENSILVA. 

COMMERCIAL. 

Brooks, Wm., general dealer, 
Middlehill. 

Coad, Mrs., shopkeeper. 

Carkeet, Mary A., shopkeeper. 

Daniel, Mark, smith, Lharaton 
Cross. 

Davey, Thomas, carpenter and 
wheelwright. 

Drew, William Henry, tailor. 

Gilbard, Samuel, carpenter. 

Gilbard, Daniel, general dealer. 

Gilbard, Fred, grocer and dealer. 

Harris, Wm. David, purveyor. 

Hawke, Miss, shopkeeper. 

Hornbrook, J., carpenter. Park- 
field. 

Johns, William, green grocer. 

Keast, Fred, grocer, &c. 

Kelly, William, bootmaker, Char- 
aton Cross. 

May, Wm. Browning, grocer, &c., 
■ Post Office. 

Osborne, Wm., grocer & draper. 

Pollard, James, grocer & draper. 

Peters, Samuel, Victoria Hotel 

Seymour, Fernando, manager Co- 
operative Stores. 

Slade, John, shoemaker. 

Tresise, William, shopkeeper. 

Tresise, John, Co-operative Coal 
Stores, Tokenbury Corner. 

Wallis, Peter, insurance agent. 

FARMERS. 

Aire, George, Pensilva. 
Alford, Edward, Trevallack. 
Andrew, George, Lower Reason. 
Bennett, Arthur Geo., Ludcot. 
Bolitho, Hubert, Woodcock's Eye. 
Bond, Samuel, Heathfield. 
Borlase, John Henry, Gate. 



Carpenter, Harry, Trebeieh. 
Collins, Patrick & Wm., Gang. 
Crocker, Arthur, Great lieigh. 
Crocker, Wm., Lower Penquite. 
Gaunter, S., & butcher, Pensilva. 
Chapman, Richard, Tokenbury. 
Copplestone, — Haye Ford. 
Cock, Brothers, Slade. 
Crapp, Mrs., Slade Park. 
Doney, Joseph, Woodfield. 
Drake, William, Pensilva. 
Eva, F., & fishdealer, Pensilva. 
Fursman, John, Higher Charaton. 
Gilbard, George D., Haye. 
Goldsworthy, John, Lower Crift. 
Grose, J. H. & T. R., Appledore. 
Ha.rris, George, Thornton. 
Hawken, Joseph, Moordown. 
Higman, Bros., Sleeve. 
Hingston, W., Tremeer, Pensilva. 
Hoskin, C. (Mrs.), Penquite. 
Hoskin, George, Venn. 
Hoskin, Richard, Cadson. 
Heal, Samuel, Midwood. 
Jane, William, Dunnerdake. 
Landry, William, Cholwell. 
Matthew, J., Millawn, Callington. 
May and Slade, Bicton. 
Mutton, William, Redland. 
Mutton, John, Penharget. 
Pascoe, John H., Little Woolston. 
Pascoe, Stephen, Woolston. 
Pett, John, Higher Crift. 
Richards, John, AVooda. 
Richards, Thomas, Ford. 
Rogers, Absalom, Highwood. 
Rowse, William, Charaton. 
Rice, Henry, Higher Reason. 
Roseveare, Geo., Little Woolston. 
Rowell, G., Middlehill, Pensilva. 
Sargent, George, and bootmaker, 

Pensilva. 
Sleeman, Sidney, Scrowsdon, 

Callington. 
Truscott, Herbt., East Trevallack. 
Wenmoth, Nicholas, Dunnerdake. 
Warn, William, Ashlake. 
Williams, Richard, Pensilva. 



LANDRAKE. 

XANDRAKE is a large village, and with St. Emey forms a 
parish, which is bounded on the north by Quethiock ; on the 
east by Botusfleming and St. Stephens ; on the south by the Tidi 



LANDRAKE. 



75 



and the Lynher ; and on the west by St. Germans and Quethiock. 
The Village of Landxake is situated about 3^ miles from St. 
Germans, and 4 from Saltash. 

St. Eniey is united with Landrake in eveiy respect, except in 
Church matters. It is said to have been the mother Church of 
Landrake, and they are more intimately connected than any two 
parishes in the County. There is a Church at St. Erney, and a. 
Sunday and Day School at Landrake. The Wesleyans and the 
Primitive Methodists have each a Chapel and a Sunday School. 

The Eai'l of Mount Edgcumbe who is Lord of the Manor, the 
Earl of St. Germans and the Representatives of the late Sir Joseph 
Copley, Bart., are the principal landowners. Markwell, Brightor 
and Cuttivett are hamlets in the parish. 

Cai'riers to and from Devonport, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and 
Saturdays, Mrs. Lawrence and Charles Ford. To Plymouth, Mrs. 
Haddy, on Satui'days. To Ford and St. Budeavix, Mr. H, 
Williams, on Saturdays. 

Public Elementaiy School erected in 1881 by the Ironmongers'" 
Company, of London, as trustees to the will of Sir Robt. Geffery,. 
Kt., 1703, on land given by the Earl of Mount Edgcvimbe. It will 
hold 122 children; average attendance 106; Mr. Roberts, Master; 
Mrs. Roberts, Misti'ess; Miss Emily Menhenick, Infants' Mistress. 

POST OFFICE.— Miss Ellen Warwick, Sub-Postmistress. Letters 
through St. Germans R. S. O., arrive at 7-30 a.m., and at 4-0 p.m.; 
despatched at 9-45 a.m., and 5-30 p.m. This Office is open for Money 
Orders and Telegraph from 8-0 a.m. to 8-0 p.m. 

Wall Letter Box at Trewint cleared at 7-50 a.m. and 5-0 p.m. — week 
days only. 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Behonna, Rev. Fred. J., vicar, St. 

Erney. 
Goake, C". Blake, St. Erney. 
Netherwood, Miss, Flagstaff 

House. 
Spiller, Miss, Prospect Cottage. 

COMMERCIAL. 

Betty. Stanley, iUiller's Arms 
Hotel, and road metal con- 
tractor. 

Blight, Miss Sydney, grocer. 

Buckingham, Wm. O., smith. 

Churchward, .Jolui, builder. 

Foreman, Robert S., saddler. 



Hancock, W. T., saddler. 

Hawke, William, baker. 

Hawke, Thos. H., stone mason. 
Mills. 

Hosking, James, miller, Pencavo 

Hosking, Samuel P., surveyor 
and sanitary inspector, clerk 
to Parish Council, and assist- 
ant overseer, itc. 

Kelly, James B., draper,, 
grocer, and boot dealer. 

Lawrence, Wm., market gardener, 

Lee, Charity E., Seminary. 

jNIenhinick, Wm., baker ct farmer. 

Palmer, J., road metal contractor 
Marliwell. 

Panter, N., insurance agent. 



74 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



Panter, Philip, butcher. 

Pearce, John, carpenter. 

Rawlings, Wm. H., bootmaker. 

Hiddle, Wm., mason. 

Rogers, Wm. H., butcher. 

Howe, Miss E., grocer and draper. 

Scantlebury, Wm., tailor. 

Spiller, M. and K., Seminary. 

Steed Brothers, road metal con- 
tractors, Trewint. 

Strong, Jos., market gardener. 

Walkey, Francis, shoemaker. 

Warwick, Miss Ellen, grocer and 
draper. Post Office. 

Working Men's Club and Reading 
Room, Rev. F. J. Behenna, 
Hon. Sec. 

FARMERS. 

Betty, S., Bridge Tenement. 
Blake, Jane, Mrs. & Thos. Vigurs, 

Pound. 
Blake, Thos. Vigurs, Penquite. 
Browne, Solomon, Barton. 



Beer, Wm. H., Treluggan. 
Bray, George, Treddinnick. 
Cook, Frederick, Warren. 
Coombe, Thomas, Brightor. 
Creber, George, Trewandra. 
Dingle, Wm., Tredinnick. 
Downing, George, Cuttivett. 
Downing, John, Brightor. 
Davey, S. M., Lower Brightor. 
Greet, W. E., Wise Wandra. 
Goodman, Richard, Trevashmond. 
Hambly, Messrs. G. and W., Cut- 

linwith. 
Lang, Richard, Polrissick. 
O'Dogherty, R., Lower Town, 
i Palmer, Edward, Markwell. 
Panter, John, Mera Parks. 
Stephens, Eustace, Coomberow. 
Stephens, Wm., Cuttivett. 
Steed, Charles O., Trewint. 
Steed, Mary A., Mrs., Markwell. 
Toll, Edwin, Lantallick. 
Tamblyn, William, Wotton. 
Wenmouth, S., Talvans. 



LANDULPH. 



*|f ANDULPH is a parish on the Western bank of the River 
'^^ Tamar. The Churchtown is 6 miles north of Saltash by 
road, and only 2 by water ; and is bounded on the north-east and 
south by the Tamar, and partly by the parish of St. Stephens, and 
on the west by Pillaton and Botusfleming. 

The hving is a Rectory, net yearly value £215, with residence 
and about 48 acres of glebe, in the gift of H. R. H. the Duke of 
•Cornwall. The Rev. S. Gregory who has been the Curate in charge 
for some years, has just been appointed Rector on the death of the 
'Rev. S. Smith m March last. 

The Wesleyans have a veiy neat and commodious Chapel, 
Schoolroom, and Vestries near Cargreen, also a Sunday School. 
The Baptists have a Chapel and Sunday School at Cargi'een. 

The principal landowners are H.R.H. the Duke of Cornwall, 
and W. Coryton, Esq. 

Cargreen is the only village, and is situate on the banks of the 
Tamar where there are quays, wharves, and stores for general 
merchandise, and a landing place for passengers by steamers. 



LANDULPH- 



-LEWANNICK. 



75 



POST OFFICE, Cargreen.— John Braund, Sub-Postmaster. Letters 
through Hatt (which is the nearest Telegraph Office), received at 8-30 
a.m. and despatched at 5-40 p.m. Postal Orders are issued here, but 
not paid. 

All Letters should be addressed Hatt R.S.O., except Elbridge, 
Enfield, Stockadon, and Bittleford, which should be St. Mellion. St. 
Mellion is the nearest Money Order Office. 

Wall Letter Box. Cross, cleared at 5-55 p.m. 

National School (mixed), built in 1830, for 95 children ; average 
attendance^ 60. 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Brooks, F., StoekuLon Villa, 

St. Mellion 
Collins, Miss, Cargreen 
■Gregory, Rev. Sylvanus, Rectory 
Hore, Samuel, Cargreen 
Mason, Peter, Cargreen 
Nanscawen, Miss Emileen, Enfield 
Roberts, John, St. Anns 
Roberts, Mrs. M., Grove 
Roberts, Miss Emma, Grove 
Rowe, Wm., Cargreen 
Snell, George, Park 
Snell, Wm. B., Wayton 
COMMERCIAL. 
Best, Joseph, bootmaker 
Bishop, A., market gardener 
Braund, J., merchant and shop- 
keeper 
Braund, R., market gardener. 
Brooking, John, market gardener 
Barrett, E., market gardener 
Cloke, F., market gardener 
Dawe, John, market gardener 
Deacon, Wm., smith, Cross 
Gill, Ernest, carpenter. Cargreen 
Gill, John, carpenter, Cargreen 
Moyes, George, market gardener, 

Elbridge. 
Prideaux, Francis, mason 



Prideaux, 
Richards, 
Richards, 
Richards, 
Sleep, T., 



William, mason 
Richaid, bargeman 
A., market gardener 
William , bargeman 
shoemaker & gardener 

Spear, John, merchant 

Spry, Thos., waterman 

Spry, Walter, market gardener 

Talbot F., market gardener. Cross 
FARMERS. 

Barriball, John, Clifton 
Barrett, Wm. H., and market 

gardener, Cargreen 
Bate, J. & J., and gardeners, 

Stockadon 
Bate, John, Grove Villa 
Congdon, C. W., West Kingsmill 
Creber, Mrs. Mary, Collogate 
Elliott, Eustace, Marsh Cottage 
Elliott, S. W., Marsh 
Every, Samuel, Tinnel 
Evans, William, Clampit 
Heddon, John, and gardener, 

Cargreen 
Nanscawen, Wm., Elbridge 

& poultry breeder (see advt.) 
Roberts, John & Son, St. Anns 
Snell, Ernest A., Park 
Snell, Albert V., and assistant 

overseer, Rosehill Cottage 



LEWANNICK. 

<]f EWANNICK is a parish and village on the Kiverlnney, 5 miles 
'^ south-west of Launceston — the nearest railway stations, 9 
miles from Callington, and 12 from Liskeard ; and is bounded by 
Trewen and Soutlipcthcrwin on the north, Lezant on the east, 
Northhill on the south, and Altarnun on the west. 

The celebrated Polyphant Quaiiy, which has been worked from 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



the most remote ages of antiquity, is in this parish. The 
stone has been largely worked for tombstones and buildings of 
every description; also for windows and ornamental dressings of 
many of the modem and restored Churches; and was largely 
used in the ei'ection of Truro Cathedral. 

The Wesleyans have Chapels and Sunday Schools at Trevadlock 
Cross and Polyphant, and The Bible Christians have a Chapel at 
Tinnev Hall. There is a Board with Schoolroom and Masters 
residence. 

The principal villages or hamlets are the Churchtown, Polyphant, 
Trevadlock, Plusha Cross, and Trenhome. The chief Landowners 
are C. G. Archer, F. R. Rodd, W. Wevill, W. D. Hanson, and R. 

Luskey, Esqs. 

At Trekelland is a pictm'esque and antiquated bridge over the 
Imiey. The Trelaske Beacon affords one of the finest prospects 
in the County. 

The living is a Vicarage, net yearly value £148, including 32 
acres of glebe with residence, in the gift of the Lord Chancellor, 
and held since 1899 by the Rev. T. Bennetts, B.A. 

Bowden Derra, in this parish, is a beautifully situated residence 
belonging to and occupied by F. D. Wrangham, Esq., and was 
built by W. Day Hanson, Esq. 

There is a School Board of 5 members. Board School (mixed), 
built in 1879, for 120 children; average attendance 86; William 
Atkins, Master. 

POST OFFICE— Mr. William C. Martyn, Sub-Postmaster. Letters 
received through Launceston arrive at 8 a.m. ; despatched 4-45 p.m. 
This Office is open from 8-0 a.m. to 8-0 p.m. for Telegraph, Money Order, 
Postal Order, Savings Bank, Annuity and Insurance business ; also the 
sale of Licences. Polyphant Box cleared at 4-5 p.m. ; Plusha Cross at 4 
p.m. ; and Trevadlock at 11-35 a.m. 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Archer, C. G., Esq., J. P., i).L. 

Trelaske. 
Brown, E., Polyphant. 



COMMERCIAL. 



Atkins, William, schoolmaster. 
Barber, J., sexton. 
Brown, J., bee expert. Clerk to 
Harris, William, Hick's Mill. i School Board and P. Council, 



Haley, The Misses, Trenhorne. 
Jones, J. H., Polyphant. 
Luskey, Richard, Knighton. 
Venning, Mrs. Polyphant House. 
Vivian, Miss, Polyphant Villa. 
Wrangham, F. D., Esq., Bowden 
Derra. 



Hick's Mill. 

Cock, James, blacksmith, Plusha. 

Foster, Richard & H., innkeepers- 

Haly, R. N., private school, Tren- 
horne. 

Harwood, Thos. H., insurance 
agent, Tinney Hall. 



LEWANNICK LEZANT. 



77 



Hoskin, I., blacksmith «fe farmer. 

Jones, J. H., surgeon and medical 
officer, and public vaccinator 
No. 1 district, Launceston 
Union, Polyphant. 

Jenkins, Chas., mason. 

Martyn, W. C, post master, 
grocer and draper. 

Maunder, R., boot & shoe maker. 

Moyse, John, miller. Hick's Mill. 

Nicholls, F. H., manager of Poly- 
phant Quarry. 

Palmer, J., land agent. 

Paynter, W. H., miller (water), 
Trelaske Mill. 

Prout & Son, carpenters and agri- 
cultural implement makers, 
Kelly's House 

Popplestone,T., carpenter. Village 

Tapley, G., 
Mill. 

Wadge, W., 
phant. 

White, John, 
Village. 

Wakem, T., carrier and shop- 
keeper, Plusha Cross. 

White, JohU; butcher and carrier. 

FARMERS. 

Burden, Henry, Plusha. 
Coombe, G., Trevadlock. 
Congdon, John, Polyphant. 



shopkeeper. Hick's 
stone mason, Poly- 
carrier and farmer. 



Dawe, John, Land Agent, Trevad- 
lock. 

Daniel, James, Trelaske Barton. 

Foot, James, "Trevell. 

foster, Richard, & F., innkeeper, 
Lewannick. 

Fuge, James, Trenhorne. 

Gynn, Sidney, Strayer Park. 

Gillbaid, Thomas, Coombeshead. 

Goodman, Thomas, Blackaton. 

Hicks, E. Maddever, Trewinnow. 

Hoare, W. M., Trewanta Hall. 

Hocking, William, Trevadlock. 

Inch, John, Trewanta Park. 

Jasper, Frank, Higher Trevell. 

Jenkin, Samuel, Tinney Hall. 

Keast, Daniel, Polyphant. 

Martin, Wm., Hollyvagg. 

Moyse, John, Hick's Mill. 

Neal, John, Newton. 

Parsons, William, Lamalla. 

Parsons, John, Dingleys. 

Parsons, W., Bowden. 

Paynter, John, Trevadlock. 

Sargent, J., Trenhorne. 

Sleep, R., Thatcher, Polyphant. 

Stephens, James, Polyphant. 

Tink, William, Trekelland. 

Venning, John, Upton. 

Wadge, Alfred, Black Hills. 

Weeks, James, Trenhorne. 

Wadge, Alfred. Polyphant. 

Wadge, H. J., Lewannick Down. 

Worden, Wm., Hicks Mill. 



LEZANT. 



^ EZ ANT is a parish bounded on the south by the river Inney, and 
on the east by the Tamar, 4^ miles south of Lavmcetson 
Stations on the Great Western and London and South 
Western Railways. The River Inney divides it from the 
parishes of Stokeclimsland and Linkinhonie on the south, and on 
the Mrest are Northhill, Lewannick and Southpethei-w'in. 

Carthamartha, which is the pleasant and beautifully situated 
residence of A. B. Collier, Esq., is in this parish, and being on 
the banks of the Tamar the sceneiy is very rocky and picturesque. 



Landue, 
parish. 



the seat of J. S. Tregoning, Esq., J. P., is also in this 



78 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



The living is a Rectory,, net income £406; including 158 acres 
of glebe with residence, in the gift of the Bishop of Truro, and 
held since 1896 by the Rev. Edward Townend, M.A. and hon. 
canon of Truro. 

The Wesleyans have Chapels and Sunday Schools at Trebullett 
and Tregada, with cemeteries attached. The United Methodists 
have a Chapel and Sunday School at Treburley. . 

Rezare, Trebullett, Trekenner, and Trewarlet are villages and 
hamlets in the parish. 

A School Board of 5 members was formed May 23rd, 1876; F. 
R. Johns, of Downgate, Callington, is the Clerk. Board School 
(mixed), Trekenner, erected in 1878 for 139 children; average 
attendance, 77; Louis Emile de St. Paer, master. 

Letters arrive from Launceston at Lezant Village at 8-50 a.m. 

POST OFFICE at Trebullett— Mr. R. Folley, Sub-Postmaster. 
Letters received at 9-45 a.m. ; despatched at 3-10 p.m. Lezant wall 
box cleared at 3-40 p.m. Landue wall box cleared at 4-5 p.m. Little 
Comfort wall box cleared at 8-35 a.m. and 4-10 p.m. This Office is 
open for the sale of Postal Orders. 

Treburley Box cleared at 3-15 p.m., and Rezare at 3-30 p.m. 

Marked thus * receive their letters through Callington. 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Brawn, Mrs., Trekenner. 
Collier, A. B., Esq., Cartba- 

martha. 
Tregoning, J. S., Esq., J. P., 

Landue. 
Townend, Rev. Canon, Rectory. 

COMMERCIAL. 

Cook. J., smith, Trebullett. 
Gregory & Sons, masons. Comfort 
Jasper, D., miller, Ruse's Mill. 
*Maddever & Rowe, carpenters, 

Treburley. 
*Northcott, W., miller & farmer, 

Trekenner Mill. 
Pearce, Wm. Hy., carpenter, 

Trebullett. 
*Ricb, T. H., smith, Treburley. 
*Rowe, Tbos., shopkeeper, &c., 

Treburley Cross. 
•Roberts, G., carpenter, Wooda- 

bridge. 
Short, L., carpenter, Wooda- 

bridge. 



Symons, J., shoemaker, Roundhill. 
St. Paer, Louis, schoolmaster, 

Trekenner. 
*Wilton, T., farmer & innkeeper, 

Spoi'tman's Arms. 

FARMERS. 

Baker, Henry, Higher Larrick. 
Bath, John, Trewarlett. 
Bath, Richard, Downhouse. 
*Baker, John, Treburley. 
Blake, F., West Penrest. 
*Brawn, W., Rezare. 
Bray, B., Bailiff, Penscombe. 
Budge, Wm., Trekenner. 
Brock, Wm., Trecarrell Mill. 
Bolt, R., Trekelland. 
*Cavey, Thos., Treburley. 
Cole, Frank, Botonnet. 
*Cornish, John, Beals Mill. 
Dainty, I. W. B.. Trekenner. 
*Dawc, Mrs., biitcher and farmer, 

S'vvellscombe. 
Doidge, Richard, Trebullett. 
*Evans, R., Undertown. 



LEZANT LINKINHORNE. 



79 



*Gartrell, T., builder, Rezare. 
Goodman, William, East Penrest. 
* Goodman, C, Carvoda. 
Goodman, Thomas, Lanick. 
Goodman, Samuel, Larrick. 
*Gilbert, W., Rezare. 
Gregory, R., St. Lawrence. 
Gregory, T., Trekelland. 
Gerry, John, Trekelland. 
Hillson, Jas., Trecarrell. 
*Hocken, J. B., Carthamartha. 
Hortop, Henry, Timbrelham. 
*Hoare, R., Lowley Bridge. 
Husband, Miss, Trecarrell Mill. 
Jasper, Frank, Clamend. 
Kennard, R., Trehullett. 
Kerslake, R., Lower Trebullett. 
Lyne, A., Trebithick. 
Maddever, W., Clamland. 



*Maddever, James, Treburley. 

Maddever, Mrs., Trenute. 

Martyn, R., Village. 

Moyse, Joseph, Higher Larrick. 

*Neale, W. H., Rezare. 

Olver, Edwin, Trebullett. 

*Palm'?r, W., Rezare. 

*Palmer, John, Rezare. 

^Pethick, F., Rezare. 

Pearn, J., Trebullett. 

Parnell, Thomas, Trekenner. 

*Raddall, Francis, Fleardon. 

*Rundle, W., Wenfork. 

Sillifant, W., Larrick. 

Spurr, W., Trekenner. 

Stephens, John, Greystone. 

Stephens, W., Jockham. 

Trease, James Gartrell, Trebullett. 

Wise, E., Trewarlett. 



LINKINHORNE. 



^ INKINHORNE is a parish and village between the rivers 
^^ Inney and Lynher, 4 miles north-west of Callington, 9 miles 
south-west of Launceston Station (on the main line of the London 
and South Western and on a branch of the Great Western 
Railway)- and 9 miles north-east of Liskeard Station on the Great 
Western Railway ; and is bounded on tlie north by North-hill and 
Lezant, on the east by Stokeclimsland and Sovith-hill, on the south 
by St. Ive and St. Cleer; and on the west by St. Cleer and North- 
hill. The parish is nearly equally divided into two parts by the 
Lynher river, and called the eastern and western parts respectively. 

The celebrated Phoenix United Tin Mines are in this parish, 
which in past years paid good and substantial dividends to the 
Shareholders, and have been a good source of employment to large 
numbers of Miners for many years, but are now idle. 

The Marke Valley, East Caradon, and other Mines are in this 
parish, but they also have ceased woriving. 

At the Cheesewi'ing Granite Quarry, of which Messrs. Freeman 
and Sons ai'e the proprietors, a large number of men are con- 
stantly employed, and immense quantities of Granite for biiildings 
and monuments are sent by the Liskeard, Looe and Caradon 
Railway to Looe, from whence they ai'e shipped to variovis pai*ts 
of the covmtiy. The present terminus of the Railway is near 
Cheese wring. 



80 venning's postal directory. 



The Churclitown is situate at the extreme eastern end of the 
parish, and from the Chvu'chyard a stone can be thrown into the 
adjoining parish of South-hill : in the western direction the 
parish stretches away as far as Railway and Henwood, a distance 
■of 5 miles. 

The Wesleyans have Chapels and Sunday Schools at Rilla Mill, 
Upton Ci'oss and Lanhargy ; the United Methodists at Darley, 
Caradon Town and Railway ; the Primitive Methodists at 
Henwood and Minions ; and the Plymouth Brethren at Plusha 
Bridge. There are Board Schools at Upton Cross and Butts. The 
present Members of the School Board are J. Trehane (Chairman), 
Dr. J. W. Gill, A. Pearse, W. Maddever, Jun., W. Daniel, 
J. Williams and J. Hoar. Meetings held 1st Monday in every 
month. 

The Villages and Hamlets are the Churchtown, Rilla Mill, 
Upton Cross, Plusha Bridge, Railway, and Henwood. 

The principal landowners are : — The Duchy of Cornwall, J. 
Kittow, J. W. Dingle, and J. Trehane, Esq. 

POST OFFICE.', Linkinhorne.— Miss Heggatom,, Sub-Postmistress. 
Letters through Callington R.S.O. arrive at 7-30 a.m. ; despatched at 
4-o5 p.m. Rilla Mill is the nearest Money Order and Telegraph Office, 
Postal Orders are issued here, but not paid. 

POST & M. O. O., S. B. & Insurance, Annuity & Telegraph Office, 
Rilla Mill. Miss Mary 'Hobbs, Sub-Postmistress. Letters through 
Callington R.S.O. arrive at 7-55 a.m. ; despatched at 4-30 p.m. This 
Office is also open for the sale of licences. 

POST OFFICE, Minions.— Miss H. Edwards, Sub-Postmistress. 
Letters through Liskeard arrive at 10 a.m. ; despatched at 3-35 p.m. 
Pensilva is the nearest Money Order and Telegraph Office. Postal 
Orders are issued here, but not paid. 

POST OFFICE, Upton Cross.— Arwin Crapp, Sub-Postmaster. 
Letters through Callington received at 9-0 a.m. ; despatched at 3 p.m. 

Wall Boxes: — Minions, cleared at 3-5 p.m.; Henwood, cleared at 
12-30 p.m. daily, Sundays excepted ; Upton, cleared at 3-55 p.m. ; 
Patrieda, cleared at 4-30 p.m. ; Plusha Bridge, cleared at 11 a.m. ; and 
Darley, cleared at 1 p.m. 

SCHOOLS. 

A School Board of 7 members was formed February 19th, 1875 ; 
W. Grylls, Halfacre, Northill, clerk to the board ; William Truscott, 
Ley Mill, attendance officer. 

Board School, Upton Cross (mixed), built in 1876, for 439 children; 
.average attendance, 66 boys and 85 girls and infants ; William Charles 
ILdwards, master. 



LINKINHORNE. 



81 



Board School (mixed), Sharplands, for 80 children ; average attend- 
ance, 72 ; C. Dalton, master. 

Marked thus * should be addressed Liskeard. 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Bosanquet Rev. C. C. C, Vicarage 
Dingle, J. W., Esq., J.P., C.A., 

North Darley 
*Gill, J. Wm., "Esq., Downgate, 

Liskeard 
Kittow, John, Esq., Browda 
Kittow, Mrs., Patrcida 
Stephens, J., Longridge Cottage 
Sargent, Joseph, Brayshop 
Trehane, John, North Coombe 

COMMERCIAL. 

Abbott, W., carrier, Liverscombe 
Abbott, A., smith, Rillaton 
Ball, Wm., miller, Dwella Mill 
Bartlett, F., wheelwright, etc., 

Plusha Bridge 
Burrows, R., New Inn, Church- 

toA^n 
Carkeet, G., assistant overseer & 

clerk to P. Council, Ley Mill 
Chapma.n, J., carrier tt Post- 
ing establishment, Upton 

Cross 
Coome, R., carrier, Henwood 
Crapp, Arwin, Post Office, Upton 

Cross 
*Chapman, Ellen, shopkeeper, 

Railway 
Davey, G., carpenter, Darleyford 
Daw, J., Manorhouse Inn, Rilla 

Mill 
,*Deeble, Joel, Commercial Inii, 

Downgate 
*Edwards, H., postmistress. Rail- 
way 
*Freeman, J., Sons & Co., Ltd., 

quarry owners, Cheesewring 
*Gill, W.J., surgeon, Downgate, 

Liskeard 
Gourd, M., bootmaker, Christa 
Gerry, W., merchant, Honwood 
•*Gerry, John, Railway Hotel, 

Choesewring 
Hobbs, Miss Mary, shopkeeper. 

Post Office, Rilla Mill 
Hobbs, J. D., builder, Rilla Mill 
Hubber, Elizabeth, grocer 



Martin, J. L., market gardener, 

Starabridge 
Martin, R. B., butcher, Uphill 
Nankivel, Edward, Caradon Hotel 
Nicolls, Eliz., shopkeeper. Uphill 
Pomroy, J., smith, Upton Cross 
Robinson, R., miller, Addicroft 

Mill 
Shovell, E., shopkeeper, Upton 

Cross 
Stephens, Jonathan, carpenter, 

Plushays 

.., miller, etc., Rilla 



aittendance officer, 

, smith, Brayshop 
tin streamer, Ph(E- 



Truscott 

Mill 
Truscott, W. 

Ley Mill 
Vosper, Thos 
Williams, J., 

nix Mine 
Warne, J., tailor, Newhouse 
*Williams, Charles, shopkeeper, 

Railway 

FARMERS. 

Barrett, Richard, Sutton 
Bate, Thomas, Newhouse 
Bate, Mary, Gullacombe 
Bennett, L. & J. C. Rillaton 
Billing, Richard, Liverscombe 
Bond, J., Ashwell 
Bratton, William, Trelabe 
Body, John, Dunsley 
Brent. D. and W., Clampit 
Cazer, Wm. Thos., Tregoiflte 
Chapman, H., & dealer, Measham 
Chapman, William, Knowl 
Cleverdon, W. and J., Knowl 
Coad, Nicliolas, C.C, Pengelly 
Coad, John, Halwill 
Dawe, J., & innkeeper, Rilla Mill 
Davey, James, Christa Park 
Dawe. Wni., Lower Millcombe 
Daniel. William, Lower Rillaton 
Ede, William, N(thcrton 
Fuge, S., Trefrize 
Gerrv, James, Plushays 
Goldsworthy, Samuel, Netherton 
Gerrv, W., Henwood 
Garland, G. P., Caradon Town 



82 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



Grigg, Richard, Ward brook 
Hambley, William, Caradon Town 
Harding, T., Higher Millcombe 
Hicks, John, Trelabe 
Hicks, John, Plushays 
Hoare, John, Dunsley 
Hoar, Edwin, Newland 
Hen wood, William, Churchtown 
Hurrell, John, Cheesewring 
Jasper, Frank, Trefrize Mill 
Johns, James, Ley 
John, Jonathan, Addicroft 
Job, Mary Jane, The Grove 
Kittow, J., & landowner, Browda 
Knight, John, Lake 
Knight, Thomas, Westerland 
Lawrence, John, Grove Cottage 
Maddever, W. & Son, Lanhargy 
Martin, William, Kingscombe 
Martin, J., & mason, Starabridge 
Martin, Alfred, Starabridge 
Martin, Rd., & butcher. Uphill 
May, William James, Yolland 
Nicolls, Jabez, Hall 
Olver, William, Plushays 



Pearn, William, Butts 
Pearse, A. & H. E. L., Exwell 
Pearce, Richard, Higher Rillaton 
Pethick, Richard, Stearts 
Philp, John, Yolland 
Philp, Richard, Sutton 
Philp, Simon John, Addicroft 
Sandercock, William, Longridge 
Sandercock, Edward, Lake 
Sandercock, E., Westcott Cottage 
Sargent, Harry, Henwood 
Sargent, William, Wardbrook 
Shovel, Thomas, Upton 
Spear, Alfred, Beatons Park 
Stephens, Richard, Churchtown 
Stephens, William, Henwood 
Stevens, Albert, Trefrize 
Thomas, Josiah, Uphill 
Tink, George, Darley 
Trehane, John, Northcombe 
Trelease, Mrs., Rilla Mill 
Tucker, William Taylor 
Tucker, M. A. & Son, Kersbrook 
Vosper, Aaron, Trerefters 



ST. MELLION. 

Ctl T. MELLION is a village and parish situate 3| miles on the 
*^ road from Callington to Saltash, and 6 miles north-west of 
Saltash Station on the Great Western Railway ; and is bounded 
on the noi-tli by the parishes of Callington and St. Dominick, on 
the east by St. Dominick and Pillaton, on the south by Quethiock 
and Pillaton, and on the west by St. Ive. 

The living is a Rectory of the yearly value of £211, including 
81 acres of glebe with residence, in the gift of William Coryton, 
Esq., and held since 1900 by the Rev. Frederick Thomas Wintle. 

A new clock was placed in the Tower in the year 1894, which 
was the gift of the late Miss Charlotte Coryton, of Pentille Castle, 
at a cost of about £200, and is plainly visible from the main road 
to and from Saltash. 

There is a National School (mixed), built in 1892 for 108 
children ; average attendance, 60 ; Miss Ellen Johns, mistress. 
There is a Church Sunday School at St. Mellion, and the 
Wesleyans have a Chapel at Bealbury. 

W. Coryton, Esq., J.P., Digby Collins, Esq., J.P., and Mr. P. 
Hambly are the only landowners in the parish. 



ST. MELLION — NORTH HILL. 



83 



POST OFFICE.— Mrs. G. Dolly, Sub-Postmistress. Letters received 
at 5-40 a.m. ,12-25 p.m. and 6-45 p.m. ; despatched at 10-15 a.m. and 
7-0 p.m. 

Rural Messengers leave here with letters for Pillaton, St. Dominick, 
Harrowbarrow and Metherell. 

This Office is open for Telegraph, Money Oi-ders, Savings Bank, and 
Licences, etc., from 8-0 a.m. to 8-0 p.m. 

(Marked thus * receive their letters through Calliugton.) 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

*Collins, Digby, Esq., J.P., D.L. 

Newton Ferrers 
Wintle, Rev. F. Thos., Rectory 

COMMERCIAL. 



Veale, John, 
Cottage 



gardener, Viverdon 



A'eterinarv Surgeon 
Junr., M.R.C.V.S. 
C, carpenter and 



Dunstan, J. 
Dunstan, J. 
Netting:, 

builder 

Pearce, Mrs. A., shopkeeper 
Parish Reading Room, Rev. F. T. 

Wintle, Sec. 
Parker, A., butcher. Amy Tree 
Paynter, Wm., bailiff, Dunstan 
Solomon, G., Sun Inn & assistant 

over.ieer 



FARMERS. 

Bolitho, W., & Son, WooUaton 
*Box, Thomas, Axford 
'"Tlenwoocl, James, Greenswell 
*Lucas, William, Park 
*Martin, John, Newton 
Netting, John, Tipwell 
Netting, James, St. Mellion 
Rogers, Edmund, Bealbury 
Tucker, John, Bealbury 
Tucker, William, Tor 
Vosper, William T., Reason 
Wilton, Mrs., Wollaton. 



NORTHHILL. 

*fl^ ORTHHILL is a parish and pleasant village on the River 
" ^ Lynher and near the Launceston and Liskeai'd road, 7 miles 
south-v^est of Launceston Stations on the Gi'eat Western and 
London and South Western Railways, and 10 miles north of 
Liskeard, and is bounded on the north by Lewannick, on the cast 
by Lezant and Linkinhome, on the south by Linkinliorne and 
St. Cleer. 

There are Chapels and Svmday Schools for Wesleyans at North- 
hill, Bathpool, and Coadsgreon. The Bible Christians have 
Chapels at Congdonshop and Middlewood, and there is a Wesleyan 
Day School at Coadsgi-ecn. Coadsgreen, Bathpool, Illand, 

Trebartha Village and Congdonshop, are hamlets in the parish. 
The National Day School is at the Churchtown. 

The principal landownei's are: — F. R. Rodd, Esq., who is Lord 
of the Manor, the Duke of Cornwall, W. Pethick, and R. 
Peter, Esqs. 



84 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



Trebartha Hall, the seat of Francis Rashleigh Redd, Esq., J.P., 
1 mile north-west of the Church, is situate on the bajiks of the 
Lynher; the Tors, the wood, and a romantic waterfall combine 
to make the scenery here very beautiful and charming. 

NORTH HILL POST OFFICE— Miss Emma Brown, Sub-Post- 
mistress. Letters received at 8-50 a.m. ; despa/tched at 4 p.m. This 
Office is open for Money Order, Postal Order, Savings Bank, Annuity, 
Insurance business, and Telegraph. 

GOAD'S GREEN POST OFFICE— Mr. J. Downing, Sub-Postmaster. 
Letters arrive at 9-5 a.m. ; despatched at 4-15 p.m. This Office is open 
for Money Order, Postal Order, Savings Bank, Annuity and Insurance 
business. 

Congdon's Sliop wall box cleared at 3-55 p.m. Bathpool box cleared 
at 10-25 a.m. Trevadlock wall box cleared at 12 p.m. Newton box 
cleared at 4-30 p.m. 

CONGDON SHOP POST OFFICE— Mr. J. Greenwood, Postmaster. 
Letters received through Launceston at 8-20 a.m. ; despatched 4-20 
p.m. 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Cocks, Rev. J. G., Wesley Manse, 

Goad's Green. 
Hoad, Rev. Alfred, Wesleyan 

Minister, Goad's Green. 
Rodd, F. R., Esq., J. P., Tre- 
bartha Hall. 
Smale, Mrs. M. B., Goad's Green. 
Willing, Rev. T., Kectory, North- 
hill. 

COMMERCIAL. 

Abbott, T., mason, Goad's Green. 
Ash, T., carpenter, Goad's Green. 
Babb, William, miller, (water), 

Bathpool. 
Bartlett, J. G., shopkeeper, 

Berrio Bridge. ' 

Boundy, prudential insurance | 

agent. i 

Brown. Emma, post office, North- i 

hill. 
Bucking'ha.m, Jabez, mill- 
wright, Lewarne. i 
Cole, S., stonemason, Portlane. j 
Crago, C, fishmonger. Goad's i 

Green. ' 

Downing, Jas., bootmaker. Post 

Office, Goad's Green. i 

Dymond, J., mason, plasterer, 

and builder, Goad's Green. 



Dymond, John, mason, Slippera. 
Downing, Richard, carpenter, and 

Temperance Hotel, Congdon's 

Shop. 
Downing, D., insurance agent. 
Forse, W., boot and shoe maker. 
Fuge, S., carrier. Goad's Green. 
Foott, Oliver, carpenter. Middle- 
wood. 
Greenwood, Josiah, post office, 

Gongdon Shop. 
Halls, Rd., miller, (water), 

Batten's Mill. 
Harris, Richard, implement 

maker, Bathnool. 
Hawken, G. H., blacksmith, 

Goad's Green. 
Jewell, "Ring Bells " Inn. 
Jeffery, Miss A., grocer. Goad's 

Green. 
Lukis, E. W., schoolmaster. 
Lea, Mrs., draper, Northhill. 
Lea, William, nurseryman, Illand. 
Mitchell, J. H., mason. 
Marchant, A. B., schoolmaster. 

Goad's Green. 
Morcom, J. R., saddler. Goad's 

Green. 
Northey, W., grocer, Gongdon 

Shoo. 
Olver, H., Regrator, Goad's Green. 
Peter. W., butcher, Northhill. 



NORTH HILL PILLATON, 



85 



FARMERS. 

Abell, Henry, Lewarne. 
Andrews, WiUiam, Langstone. 
Ash, William, Newton. 
Bartlett, Philip, Lewarne. 
Bartlett, W., & Carpenter, New- 
town. 
Bray, William, Treswell. 
Budge, John, Kingbear. 
Budge, John Peter, Uphill. 
Burnaford, Peter, Tremollet. 
Gaunter, Edwin B., Uphill. 
Coad, John & Alfred, Northhill. 

Colwill, John, Trebartha Farm. 

Davy, William, Trefursdon. 

Dennis, Walter, Landreyne. 

Dingle, James. 

Downing, Francis, Trebartha. 

Downing, Francis, Treveuniel. 

Fuge, Grace, Lanoy. 

Grylls, William, Half Acre. 

Gynn, William, Lynher. 

Halls, William, Trezclland. 

Hocking, John, Illand. 

Hocking, Richard, Trcfuge. 

HoUoway, W., West Tremollet. 

Hawko, Mrs., West Castick. 

Holman, Mr. J., Lawn. 

Haw ken, S. H., East Tremollet. 



Hoare, Samuel, Kingbear. 
Hicks, Frederick, Newtown. 
Jasper, Mr., Illand. 
Jasper, Mrs. S., Penhole. 
Knight, S., Bowhayland. 
Knight, William, Middlewood. 
Landry, Richard, Bowda. 
Mitchell, William, Bastreet. 
Ough, Richard, Congdon Shop. 
Palmer, WiDiam, Battens. 
Peter, Edward J., Glubhole. 
Rice, John, Congdon Shop. 
Rice, John Illand. 
Rogers, John, Slippera. 
Rundle, John, Coad's Green. 
Rundle, James, Trewithey. 
Sargent, J., North Bottornell. 
vStephens, W., Friors. 
Stephens, Thomas, Trewortha. 
Tucker, John, TremoUett (east.) 
Turner, W., Trebartha Barton. 
Trewin, John, Tolcarne. 
Venning. Richard, Industry. 
Williams, John, Addicroft. 
Williams, William, Stonaford. 
Wilton, Richard, Trekernal. 
Wadge, Ernesc, West Berrio. 
Woods, James, East Castick. 



PILLATON. 

jlSlLLATON is a parish and village on the River Lynher, 6 
Uy miles north of St. Germans Station, and 6 miles north-west 
of Saltash on the Great Western Railway ; and is bounded by St. 
Dominick and St. MelHon on the north, by Landiilph and the> 
River Tamar on the east, by Botusfleming on the south, and by 
Quethiock on the west, divided by the River Lynher. 

This parish had the unusual privilege of its area being enlarged 
when the Parish Council's Act came into force some years since, 
by having added to it the detached portion formerly belonging to 
St. Stephens-by-Saltash, which is situated between the parishes of 
Landrake and Botusfleming and adjoining this parish. An 
application was made by the parishioners through the local Covui- 
cils, and ultimately they obtained an order from the Local 
Government Board sanctioning this annexation of territoiy not- 
withstanding great opposition from the pai-ish of St. Stephens, on 
the 19th November, 1894. This has increased the Rateable value 
of the parish by £497, and its area by 481 acres. 



86 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



The Agricultural Implement Works of Mr. J. S. Drown are 
in the Churchtown, and his manufactures are well-known and 
appreciated in the district. He uses one of Campbell's Oil Engines 
as the motive power for driving liis machinery. 

There is a National Day School (mixed) for 75 children ; average 
attendance, 40. There is a Wesleyan Chapel in the Church- 
town, with a Svmday School ; also a Bible Christian Chapel at 
Polbordor, and a Church Sunday School also held. 

Digby Collins, Esq., who is Lord of the Manor, W. Cory ton, 
Esq., and the Duchy of Cornwall are the principal landowners. 

The living is a Rectory, net yearly value i!148, including 33 
acres of glebe with residence, in the gift of Digby Collins, Esq., 
and held since 1894 by the Rev. Richard Hocking. 

Letters through St. Mellion R.S.O. from Saltash, arrive at 8 a.m. 
and 5-0 p.m. Wall Letter Box cleared at 9-0 a.m. and 6-0 p.m. St. 
Mellion is the nearest Money Order and Telegraph Office. 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Coryton, Wm., Esq., J. P., Pen- 

tillie Castle 
Clemence, Mrs. Jane, Howton 
Hawk, Wm., Esq., J. P., C.A., 

Kernock 
Hocking, Rev. Richard, Rectory 
Herring, John, Tremoan 

COMMERCIAL. 
Drown, J. S., implement 

maker (see advt.) 
Netting, C, carpenter, Polborder 
Netting, I. H., smith, Paynters 

Cross 
Pearce, John T., carpenter 
Pearce, Wm., "Royal Oak" Inn, 

shopkeeper and farmer 
Petherick, John, bailiff, Paynter's 

Cross 
Skinnard, Simon, miller, Pillaton 

Mill 
Stephens, H., miller, Pillaton Mill 
Vosper, Thos. D., bootmaker 



FARMERS. 

Ball, Samuel C, Bush 

Crago, Thomas, Newhouse 

Dawe, H. W., Mushton 

Elliott, James, Smeaton 

Fowell, Daniel, Moditon 

Gregory, William Henry, Saunton 

Herring, C, and fruitgrower, 
Woodland 

Herring, J., Jun., and fruit- 
grower, Tremoan 

Herring, Mrs. Mary A., Sillaton 

Lucas, George, Leigh 

Lucas, James, Briston 

Paynter, John Peter, Trewashford 

Pearce, Charles, Rouse 

Prideaux, Thomas, Howton 

Stephens, W., and butcher. Rick 
Park 

Tamblyn, William, Polborder 

Tamblvn, Jeremiah, Bearah 

Tucker, James 



QUETHIOCK. 

/^ UETHIOCK (locally pronounced Quethick) is a village and 
^^ parish 3 miles from Menheniot Station on the Great Western 
Railway, 4 miles east from Liskeard, and 5 miles south-west from 
Callington ; and is bounded on the north by St. Mellion and St. 



QUETHIOCK. 



87 



Ive, on the east by Pillaton, on the south by Landrake and St. 
Germans, and on the west by Menheniot. 

There is a National Day School supported by a Voluntary Rate 
and Government Grant; also a Sunday School held in the same 
place. 

The Wesleyans have Chapels at the Village and at Blunts, with 
Sunday Schools connected. 

\Vm. Coryton, Esq., is Lord of the Manor, and the principal 
Landowner. 

POST OFFICE.— Mr. N. Roseveare, Sub-Postmaster. Letters 
through Liskeard, arrive at 7-55 a.m. ; despatched at 4-30 p.m. This 
Office is open for Telegraph from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Postal Orders 
are issued here, but not paid. 

(Letters, marked thus * should be addressed St. Germans.) 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Pollard, Thomas, Trehunest 
Wix, Rev. J. A., M.A., Vicarage 

COMMERCIAL. 

Body, John, miller, Trecorme Mill 
Bate, Joseph, carpenter. Lower 

Pounda 
Champion, J. David, schoolmaster 
Harris, A., General Supply Stores 
Harris, T., Pliotographer of 

most of the Churches and 

Chapels illustrated in this 

Directory 
Hawken, Edward, wheelwright, 

Treweese Cross 
Hawken, B. S. and J. carpenters 
Heddon, J. H., assistant overseer 
*Jane. James, carpenter & smith, 

Blunts 

smith. Higher Pounda 
Wm., miller, Hepwell 



Pool6y, F., 
Roseveare, 

Mills 
Roseveare, 
»Snell, S. 



N., Post Office 
shopkeeper Blunts 



Snell, Francis, innkeeper 



FARMERS. 



* Andrew, John, Tilland 



*Andrew, John Udy, Furslow 
Barrett, Richard, Parsons Pool 
*Bolitho, H. Edward, Penpoll, 

Quethiock 
Bolitho, Hubert, Moordown 
Bolitho, W. A., Tilland Mill Farm 
Cannon, Henrv, Hammctt 
*Cole, William" H., Holwood, farm 

bailiff 
*Daw, C. and S., Singmore 
Hocking, INIrs., Gooseford 
Hocking, William H., Venn Hill 
Kelly, Edward, C, Trehunest 
Kelly, Mrs., Trecorme 
*Manviell, Thomas, Clappa Bridge 
Rogers, R., Quethiock Village 
Rosekilly, Thomas, Trehunest 
Roseveare, F. S., Hepwell 
*Roseveare, G. S., Lucombe 
Roseveare, William, Treweese 
Roseveare, Kd. Hv., The Glebe 
*Rundlo, Wm. R."; Trebrowu 
Snell, Frederick, East Quethiock 
Snell, Henry, Venn 
Snell, John, We.st Quethiock 
*Snell, Henry, Trenance 
*Tregcllas. Alfred R., Leigh 
Vosper, Thomas, Haye 
W(>nMi()utli, Jos., Goodmerry 
Wenmouth, Richard, Dannett 
Wills, John, Trchunsey 



88 VENNINGS POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



SALTASH. 

^ALTASH is a very ancient borough and coi-porate town, on 
*^ the western bank of the Eiver Tamar, and had conferred 
on it the full privileges of a Municipal Borough in 1885. It has 
a station on the G. W. Railway, and is 4 miles distant from 
Plymouth. 

The town is built on a steep, rocky acclivity, the old houses 
rising tier above tier to the summit of the hill at Longstone, the 
scenery from which is very fine; on the south-east the harbour of 
Plymouth and Breakwater, the Hamoaze, and Mount Edgcumbe 
are visible, while at the rear are the Dartmoor Hills, and the 
Rivers Tamar and Tavy winding their way down to the sea. 

The town is improving rapidly, new houses are being continually 
built. It has inci'eased its population within the last ten years by 
402. 

Tlie boiuidaries of the borough and parish are co-extensive, the 
liberty of the water Tamar which is attached to this borough, 
extends (by prescriptive rights, as well as by the provisions of 
various charters) " seaward to an imaginary line drawn across 
Plymouth Sound fi'om Penlee Point on the west to the Shagstone 
on the east, thence to Prince's Rock on the Laira^ to Old Man's 
Beard in the Tavy, to Ogle Tor Rock, above Calstock, in the 
Tamar, to Cuddenbeak Point in the St. Germans or Lynher 
River, to Cumble Tor Rock in the Lynher, and to all the interven- 
ing bays, creeks and places as far as high water mark." The 
magisterial and criminal jurisdiction of the borough, is exercised 
throughout the whole area of the " liberty," and by prescription 
and chartered rights, the corporation of Saltash are entitled to 
port dues of one shilling from eveiy vessel dropping anchor in 
the port of Plymouth, within the limits defined above, these 
dues being now taken by persons to whom they are let on lease ; 
the Coi-poration are also entitled to the oysterage within the 
" liberty," except in the Cattewater, and to the right of dredging 
for oysters; and have the control of the Saltash Feny, together 
with other privileges. 

There is a veiy efficient sen^ice of river-passenger and excursion, 
steamers belonging to the Saltash Steamboat Co. 

The town is well paved, lighted with gas by a company, and in. 
1889 a system of drainage was carried out at a cost of £900 ; 
and a further sum of £2,500 has been spent in securing a better 
and continuous water supply from Plymouth. The pipes for 
■which are laid on the bed of the river. 



SALTASH. 89 



The Royal Albert Bridge, which carries the Great Western Rail- 
way across the River Tamar, was erected in 1857-59, at a cost of 
£230,000, from the designs of I. K. Brimel, Esq. This bridge 
was opened by H.R.H. Prince Consort on the 2nd May, 1859. 

The living is a perpetual curacy, net yearly value £145, includ- 
ing 4 acres of glebe, with residence, in the gift of the Bishop of 
Truro, by deed of gift from the parishioners, who purchased the 
advowson and transfen-ed it to the bishop, in order to obtain 
the assignment of a parochial district, and it has been held since 
1895 by the Rev. Arthur Preedy. The Baptist Chapel, in Culver 
Road, will seat 400 persons. The Wesley Centenary and 
Memorial Chapel, in Fore Sti'eet, erected in 1891, at a cost of 
£3,600, will seat 620 persons. 

The Guildhall, in the principal street, is a plain building 
supported on gi-anite pillai's. 

There is a steam feny south of the Railway Bridge belonging 
to and worked by the Corporation, which is free to the inhabitants 
on foot, but strangers pay one penny toll each way. It conveys 
also horses, carts, coaches, and all manner of vehicles across the 
Tamar, and yields a good revenue to the fimds of the Corporation, 

POSTAL ARRANGEMENTS : — 

POST, M. O. <t T. O., S. B. & Annuity & Insurance Office.— Fred 
Avery Rawling, postmaster. Hours of attendance: — For sale of 
stamps, registration of letters, etc., week days, 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. ; 
Sunday, 8 to 10 a.m. ; for M. O. and S. B. Government Annuity and 
Insurance business and issue of licences, week days, 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. ; 
for telegraph business, week days, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. ; Sunday, 8 to 10 
a.m. 

Mails Arrive. 

From London and Fnited Kingdom generally, 4-30 a.m. ; North of 
England, Scotland and Ireland, 11-30 a.m. ; London, Bristol, Exeter, 
Plymouth and Devonport, 1-40 p.m. ; London, Bristol, Exeter, Ply- 
moutli, Devonport and all parts, 4-4") p.m. ; Cornwall, 8 p.m. 

Despatched. 

For Cornwall, 4-]. 5 a.m. ; London, Bristol, Exeter, Plymouth and all 
parts, 9-45 a.m. ; Cornwall, 11-5 a.m. ; Plymouth and Devonport 1-45 
p.m. ; Devonport, Plymouth, Exeter, Bristol, North of England, Scot- 
land and Ireland. 3-5 p.m. ; Plymouth and Devonport, 5 p.m. ; London 
and all parts, 7-40 p.m. ; Devonport, Plymouth. Exeter and all parts, 
9-35 p.m. Letters registered up to a (|uarter of an lioiir before these 
times. 

Deliveries Commence. 

General, 7 a.m. ; North mail, 11-50 a.m. ; 1st London day mail, 2 
p.m. ; 2Md London day mail, 5 )).m. ; Plymouth and Cornwall, 8 p.m. ; 
Rural Districts only, (J a.m. and 5 p.m. 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



BOROUGH MAGISTRATES FOR SALTASH. 

The Mayor and ex-Mayor. 

Clerk to the Magistrates, Fred. William Cleverton, Windsor Villa. 
Petty Sessions are held at the Town Hall every second Tuesday in 



■each month. 



CORPORATION. 
TOWN COUNCIL, 1901. 



MAYOR: 

Councillor Roderick Porter. 

ALDERMEN; 

•G. Adams, Dr. Robt. T. Meadows, R. Miller, and F. A. Rawling. 

COUNCILLORS: 
W. Waterman, J. H. Pooley, R. Hosking. J. Lander, Jos. Prvor, 
F. W. Squires. A. J. Widdecombe, J. Paine, W. V. Alford, A. Paige, 

and W. P. Trood. 

Public Officers. — Borough Surveyor : W. W. Harvey. Medical 
Officer of Health : Dr. G. Preston. Clerk : F. W. Cleverton. Veter- 
inary Inspector: F. P. Collins, M.R.C.V.S. Town Crier: W. J. 
Rawling, 3, Albert Road. Town Serjeant : C. Saunders, Tavy Road. 
Collector of Rates : A. E. V. Paine. 

Saltash District Technical Education Committee. — The Earl of 
Mt. Edgcumbe (Chairman), W. Hawk, C.A.. J. P. (Hon. Treas.), P. E 
B. Porter (Secretary), Messrs. Digby Collins, C.A., G. Adams' JP 
C.C, W. D. Boger, R. E. Paige, C.C, Colonel Vallack Tom, Rev.' 
F. T. Wintle, Dr. J. A. Samuel & Messrs. T. V. Blake, G. H. Brenton 
H. Cannon, W. Hambly, A. F. Holnian, G. Lucas, W. H. Mathew 
J. Parson, N. Parsons, W. M. Roberts, J. Sandercock, W. B. Snell 
E. Tucker, and T. H. Vosper. 

Saltash School Board. — Rev. G. McFadyean (Chairman), Messrs. 
P. E. B. Porter, J. H. Pooley, F. A. Rawling, and John Webber. 
Clerk : F. W. Cleverton. Treasurer : Devon and Cornwall Bank. 
Master: J. Tripp. Mistress: (Girls) Miss F. M. Toope, (Infants) Miss 
B. Dingle. Attendance Officer : W. H. Jane. 

Saltash Gas & Coke Company. — Chairman : P. E. B. Porter. 
Secretary: W. H. Mathew. Collector: W. P. Pearce. Foreman: 
W. H. Ford. 

Saltash. Three Towns & District Steamboat Company, The Pier, 

Saltash.— Directors : W\ P. Vosper, C.C. (Chairman), G. Adams, J.P., 

C.C, R. T. Meadows, M.D., P. E. B. Porter, G. Spear, W. Dusting 

(Managing Director), O. J. H. Davis (Secretairy), F. W. Denton 

(Excursion and Traffic Inspector). 

2nd Volunteer Battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (I Com- 
pany) ; Drill Hall, Fore Street; Capt. H. J. Hood, commanding; 
Surg.-Capt. R. T. Meadows, M.D., Medical Officer. 

PLACES OF WORSHIP, with times of services. 

St. Nicholas Church, Rev. Arthur Preedy, Vicar; Rev. A. T. Price, 
Curate; 8 and 11 a.m. and 6-30 p.m.; daily, 7-30 and 8 a.m. 
and 7 p.m. ; Wednesday and Friday, 12 noon. 



SALT ASH. 91 



Baptist. Rev. Gavin McFadyean ; 11 a.m. and 6-30 p.m. ; Tuesday and 
Friday, 7-30 p.m. 

Wesleyan, Rev. Paul Ellis; 11 a.m. and 6-30 p.m.; Tuesday and 
Friday, 7-30 p.m. 

A School Board of 5 members was formed June 30th, 1871 ; 
Trederick William Cleverton, Windsor Villa, clerk to the Board ; W. 
H. Jane, attendance officer. 

The Board meet on the first Thursday in each month at the Board 
School, North Road, at 7 p.m. 

Scliool, built in 1872, and enlarged in 1895 for 142 boys, 172 girls, and 
.228 infants ; average attendance, 144 boys, 132 girls, and 160 infants ; 

Station Master, Tom Temple Thomas. 

CARRIERS TO 

Callington and Plymouth. — James Pawley, Tuesday and Thursday, 
and to Callington only, on Wednesdays. 

Callington. ^S. Bond, to and from, daily from railway station at 
11-16 a.m. and 5-15 p.m. ; John Rickard, daily at 7 a.m. and 11-20 a. in ; 
Wednesday, 8-4o a.m. 

Launceston. James Pawley, Saturday. 

A 4-horse Mail to and from Callington daily. 

PRIVATE RESIDENTS. Curtis, W., 1, Paxton Villas, Port 

Adams, George C.C. Home Park Curtler,'' Misses, 11, Home Park 
Ancell, R., 1, Home Park \ illas Place 

Battishell.G. 4, Albert Terrace ^^^^ William, 2, Park Villas 

Bawden, J. McKmley, 1, Ham- jy^^^^^^^ Nat. C, 2, Rose Bank, 

oaze lerrace, An.„..+ t>^„a 

Beer, Frederick, Warleigh Villas n,v.l Ir Vf f vn 

D ^,r T> II x^„ ri..++.,„„ Uickson, Mrs., Knuston Villa 

Bremncr, Mrs., Belle V ue Cottage r^ „„ ' j a t> ^^ i^ m 

T> • 1 r< v^r^^^ r> S-\- Deacon, J., 4, belle V ue lerrace 

Bndgman, George, Well Park p. -\/r t> i n t-i. 

\^,^ ' *' ' IJovvne, Mrs. Park Cottage 

Ti 1- ' r v„^ o n,,,llov Tor Fdwards, J. R., R.N., Woodside, 
Brooking, George, U, Ducliey lei. ^t tj i t> j 

-D 1 • T IT ( it ^K^„^ 1';^,. Home Park Road, 

Brooking, J. T., 4, Harbour \ lew ^, i ii- t? c tj 

T. 1 aI- c, ry ^ „ A-;n.>c hdwards, VV . E., Sevmour House 

Buck, Miss, 2, Paxton \ illas, .„ , «- t o xj' i -i-- 

P t V w rloyd, \\ m. J., 3, Harbour View 

T> ij. 1 TT o XT A'jii^o Gilbert. Mrs., Fernleigh House 

Bulteel, H., 2, Home \ illas ,, t tj i oT a* i > 

T> 1 An Aiu + T .... Greenwav, J. B., 1, St. Stephens 

BurdtMi, A., 5, Albert terrace Ar ' + 

Burrows, J., 4, Well Park Terr. ,, Jlount . _ ^ , 

Bignoll, Geo Carter, The Ferns ^^''^^^^''^'^.^^ • ^V ^oo^^^'^^'l?.'^ 

dark. J. S., R.N.. Beulah Villa ^ 'f^' ^"i- ^^"«-. 29, Fore St. 

Clarke, E. H., 9, Home Park Place "''"' T.' if' Hamoaze Terrace 

Cleverton, F. W., Windsor Villa Hewlett, Miss, The Mansion, 

•Coad. Misses, 2, Magdala Villas „ ; ^ip"" ^t^''^^^ • at-ii -n ^ 

Cotter, Mrs., 2, Home Park Place """^|;. T- B., Seaview Villa, Port 

CuUum G. L., Malvern. St. „ V^^,^ w o t. ji -irn 

Stephen's Road, H""*^^' F- ^- ^- ^"^1^>' ^^"^« 



^■2 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



Hyde, Mrs., 1, Well Park Terrace ! 
Jago, R., 2, Maristow Terrace 
Jeffery, B., 1 Westbourne Ter. i 
Jenning, A. G., Lome Villa, Port 

View 
Jones, Mrs., 9, Hamoaze Terrace 
Keaiie, J. H., Holly Bank i 

Kelly. Capt. J., 2, West Park 
Kelly, A., Magdala House, A. P. 
Kemp, Mrs., 10, Tamar Terrace 
Kevern Mrs., 3, Warfelton Ter. 
Lander, John, 4, Warfelton Ter. 
Lee, Mrs., Mount Cair, Fore St. 
Lewarne, J. H., 6, Windsor Ter. 
McFadyean, Rev. G., (Baptist), 1, 

Windsor Terrace 
Mcllroy, M., 7, Tamar Terrace 
McTnerny, Mrs., Portland Villas 
Mahany, Wm. R., 10, Home Park 



Place 
Mansell, Miss, 
Mardon, Mrs., 
Martin. H., 6 



Prospect Cottage ' 
Tamar Bank 
Brunei Terrace 
May, Robert, 2, Boisdale Terrace 
Meadows, R. W., Surgeon, Fen- 

salir. Fore Street, A. P. 
Meadows, G. S., Alexandra House 
Meadows, R. T., Alexandra House 
Medlen, S. D., 7, Harbour View 
Mill Miss, 7, Brunei Terrace 
Miller, R., 1, Port View House 
Moon, Mrs., Lamora Terrace 
Moore, R. A., Lynwood Villas, 
Mortimer, Hy. T., 8, Home Park 
Place • 

Moyse, W., 4, Home Park House 
Moorman, Wm., 4, Park Villas 
NichoUs, H. J., 15. Albert Road 
Nicbolls. James, Roseland House 
Preedy, Rev. A., The Vicarage, 

Port View 
Price, Rev. A. L., 3, Essa Road 
Dr. Preston, George, Laurel Bank, 

Port View 
Pearce. James, 5, 
Polwhele, Rev. M 
Tamar Villas 



Toronto Place 
A., Edward, 2, 



Palmer, J. R., 59, 
Paine, J. R. V., 
Porter, Philip E. 

Street 
Porter, Roderick 
Roseveare 
Roseveare 



Fore Street 
Marine Villa, 
B., 109, Fore 

Glenside 
H., Woodstock Villa 
Mrs., 5, Windsor Ter. 



Roseveare, Mrs., Collingwood 

Cottage 
Rowe, Richard, 4, Sea View Ter. 
Rule, Rd., 1, Trelawny Villas 
Stumbles, Mrs., 6, Tamar Terrace 
Scott, Miss, 7, Windsor Terrace 
Shaddock, Mrs.. Flora Villa 
Snell, Mrs. E., Culver Park 
Speare, Misses, 94, Fore Street 
Spraggs, H. C, 4, Hamoaze Ter. 
Stafford, Mrs., 4, Westbourne 

Terrace 
Stephens, Thos., Edzell Villa 
Trahair, Mrs., Dunheved 
Trahair, W. B., The Towers, Port 

View 
Whitehouse, A., R.N., Tamar 

House 
Widdicombe, R. C, R.N., Cross 

Park Cottage 
Wilcocks, J. & R., Alto Vesta 

Villa 
Wiginton, Edmund, Rosemont 
Pritchard, Mrs., 3, Home Park 

Place 
Prvn, Mrs., 9, Windsor Terrace 
Pryn, Wm., R.N., 1, Home Park 

Place 
Rawling, F. A., 98, Fore Street 
Rawling, C. H., 5, Dudley Terrace 
Rawling, Mrs., 1, Boisdale Ter. 
Rogers, William M. D., R.N., 2, 

Lvnwood Villa 
Symoiis, Thos., 7, Hamoaze Ter. 
Tonkin, Simeon R., Claremont 
Toope, Miss, 5, Tamar Terrace 
Tremeer, F. W., 5, Sea View Ter. 
Trenear, John J., Spring Villa, 

Port View 
Tresise, T., 10, Maristow Terrace 
Vingoe, E., 5, Belle Vue Terrace 
Vosper, Wm., Well Park Villa, 
Waine, Samuel, Westwood 
Walters, John, 1, West Park 
Waterman, Wm., 2, St. Stephen's 
Mount 

COMMERCIAL. 

Alford, W. v., builder, 3, Spring- 
field Terrace 

Ba.ll, S. C, Skinham Dairy 

Bennett & Palmer, coal 
merchants 

Bevan, Miss A., ironmonger, 30, 
Fore Street 



SALTASH. 



9:{ 



Barkel, P., butcher, 83, Fore St. 
Bennett, T., refreshment rooms, 

Ashtor House. 
Blake, Richard, shopkeeper, 3, 

Tamar Street 
Bonney, Ann, Mrs., aparts., 136, 

Fore Street 
Bray, N., Commercial Hotel, Fore 

Street 
Bright, W., seedsman, 66, Fore 

Street 
Broad, Jane, Mrs., confectioner, 

106, Fore Street 
Burns, Jane, Mrs., plumber, 60, 

Fore Street 
Chapman, William, beer retailer, 

" Tamar Inn," Tamar Street 
Chevers, T. J., blacksmith, 115, 

Fore Street 
Cleverton, F. W., solicitor, town 

clerk, clerk to magistrates, 

guardians, and rural sanitary 

authority & superintendent 

registrar of St. Germans & 

clerk to the School Board, 

Windsor villa 
Cloake, W^illiam, watch maker, 

53, Fore Street 
Coffin, Harriet, Mrs., fishmonger, 

10, Tamar Street 
Consolidated Bank of Cornwall, F. 

A. J. Beer, manager, 3'2, Fore 

Street 
Coram, J. B., shopkeeper, 57, 

Fore Street 
Corv, T. C, butcher, 50, Fore St. 
Deeble, T. D., tailor, 70, Fore St. 
Devon & Cornwall Banking Co., 

Ltd. (branch), F. A. Bawling, 

manager, 98, Fore Street 
Devon & Cornwall Industrial 

School Ship "Mount Edg- 

cumbe," Capt. J. G. Bickford, 

supt. ; Miss Ciunmings, hon. 

sec. 
Doney, W., baker, 64a, Fore St. 
Downe, Anne, Miss, ladies' school. 

Park Cottage 
Dwelly, T., draper, 107, Fore St. 
Elliot, H., grocer, 99, Fore St. 
Facey, E., shopkeeper, 83, Fore 

Street 
Franciscan, Friary (Father Mor- 

ford). Lower Port View 
Goad, J., dairy, 96, Fore Street 



Goad, A. E., shopkeeper, 102, 

Fore Street 
Goodman, J. (Mrs.), Wheat Sheaf 

Inn, Town Quay 
Gover, F., manager of the Naval 

Bank 
Harris, T., shopkeeper, 61, Fore 

Street 
Harvey, W. W^., registrar of 

marriages for St. Germans 

district & borough surveyor & 

inspector, 29, Fore Street 
Hawkings, E., boot maker, 87, 

Fore Street 
Ha.vvke, Mrs., draper, 28 

Fore Street 
Hawkins, J., boot maker, 129, 

Fore Street 
Head, E. R., boot maker 44, Fore 

Street 
Hewlett, Kate, Miss, school for 

young ladies' The Mansion, 

Fore Street 
Hitchens, E., hairdresser, 2, 

Tamar Street 
Hosking, J. W\, builder, Minden 

Villa, St. Stephen's Road 
Jane, W., butcher, 108, Fore St. 
Kinsman, J. C, saddler & harness 

maker, 81, Fore Street 
Luscorabe, Eli, Union Inn 
JNIabley, E. G., Insurance agent, 

6, Hamoaze Terrace 
Marshall, Jane, Mrs., Passage 

House Inn, Tamar Street 
Masonic Lodge (Zetland, No. 

1071), J. Lander, sec, 4, 

Warfelton Terrace 
Meadows, G. S., M.B. surgeon, 

Alexandra House 
Meadows, R. T., M.D., CM., 

medical officer & public vac- 
cinator of the 4th district of 

St. Germans Union, Alex- 
andra House 
Miller & Co., grocers, 39. Fore 

St., and 1, North Road 
Moorshead, E., Mrs., boot dealer, 

55, Fore Street 
Morrish, J., market gardener, 

Lower Pound Park 
Morrisli, W. H., market gardener, 

Higlior Pound Park 
Naval I3ank (branch), F. Gover, 

manager, 91, Fore Street 



94 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



Ough, R., shopkeeper, 56, Fore St. 

Paige, A., plumber, 88, Fore St. 

Paine, A. E. V., stationer, assis- 
tant overseer and collector of 
borough rates, 100, For© St. 

Pawley, J., poulterer, 3(i, Fore St. 

Pearce, W. P., watch maker 

Pearn, E. T., shopkeeper, 16, 
Taniar Street 

Pooley, J. H., saddler, 104, 
Fore Street 

Pope, A., fishmonger, 29, Tamar 
Street 

Porter, P. E. B., solicitor & com- 
missioner for oaths, chairman 
of Gas Co. & director of Sal- 
tash and Steamboat Co. 

Pra.tt, C. A., pharmaceutical 
chemist 

Powell, J., shopkeeper, 30 Tamar 
Street 

Preston, G., M.R.C.S. Lond., 
L.R.C.P. Ediu., D.P.H. sur- 
geon, & medical officer of 5th 
district of St. Germans' Union 
& M.O.H. to the Urban Sani- 
tary Authority, Laurel Bank 

Rawling, C. H., registrar of births 
& deaths, Saltash sub-district, 
& relieving & vaccination 
officer. North District, St. 
Germans' Union, 5, Dudley 
Terrace 

Rawling, F. A., postmaster, 98, 
Fore Street 

Rawlings, W. J., town crier, 1, 
Albert Road 

Roberts, G. D., pharmaceutical 
chemist, 35, Fore Street 

Rundle, B. H., Miss, shopkeeper, 
5, Tamar Street 

St. Barnabas Cottage Hospital & 
Convalescent Home (R. T. 
Meadows, M.D., G. Preston, 
L.R.C.P. Edin., & G. S. 
Meadows, M.B., medical 
officers) 



Stephens, W. H., greengrocer, 51, 

Fore Street 
Saltash District Co-operative 

Societv, Ltd., grocers, 103 & 

113, Fore Street 
Saltash Gas & Coke Co. (William 

Ham Mat hew, sec.) 
Saltash, Three Towns & District 

Steam Boat Co., Ltd. (W. 

Dusting, managing director) 
Skinner, W., watch maker, 89, 

Fore Street 
Southey, T. W., Royal Albert 

Bridge Hotel, Albert Road 
Speare, E. & E. (Misses), girls' 

school, 94, Fore Street 
Squires, F. W., coach builder, 

90. Fore Street 
Stanley, Ann, Mrs., shopkeeper, 

9, Tamar Street 
Star Coffee Tavern (Richard Giles, 

manager), Fore Street 
Thomas, T. T., station master, 

Saltash G.W.R. 
Tickle, Ann, greengrocer, 22, 

Tamar Street 
Trood, W. P., coal, corn & 

manure merchant 
Trinnick, H., baker, Post Office 
Tremeer, F. W. T., water rate 

collector 
Volunteer Battalion (and) Duke of 

Cornwall's Light Infantry (I 

company). (Captain H. J. 

Hood, commanding) 
Yosper, E. C, butcher, 46, Fore 

Street 
Widdecombe, A. J., baker, 105, 

Fore Street 
Williscroft, Wm., shopkeeper, 21, 

Fore Street 
Worden, S., plumber. 111, Fore 

Street 
Williams, J., Groen Dragon Hotel, 

101, Fore Street 
Wood, Chas., beer retailer, 133, 

Fore Street 



SHEVIOCK. 

SHEVIOCK is a parish bounded on the north by the Lynher, on 
the east by Antony S. Jacob, on the south by Whitesand 
Bay, and on the west by St. Germans. The village is situate 6 
miles from Devonport. and 3| from St. Germans Station. 



SHEVIOCK. 



95 



Port Wrinkle is a little fishing cove, situate about the centre of 
Whitesand Bay, and there is a Coastguard Station there. 

The chief villages are the Churchtown, Crafthole, and Port 
AVrinkle. 

The principal landowners are Major-General Sir Reginald Pole- 
Cai'ew, K.C.B., of Anthony, who is Lord of the Manor, and John 
Littleton, Esq. 

The Wesleyans have a Chapel and Sunday School at Crafthole,, 
built in 1867. 

The living is a Rectory, net yearly value £255, with 100 acres, 
of glebe and residence, in the gift of Major-General Sir Reginald 
Pole-Carew, and held since 1900 by the Rev. Gerald Pole-Carew. 

POST OFFICE, Crafthole.— Mrs. Mary Weihtner, Sub-Postmistress. 
Letters received through St. Germans R.S.O. arrive by messenger via 
Polbathic at 8-10 a.m. and 3-45 p.m. ; despatched at 9-30 a.m. and 
5 p.m. Postal Orders are issued here, but not paid. The nearest 
Money Order and Telegraph Office is at Anthony. 

Wall Letter Boxes: — Sheviock cleared at 7-50 a.m. and 5-10 p.m.; 
Portwrinklc, cleared at 8-35 a.m. and 4-35 p.m. ; Polscove, cleared 
9-40 a.m. and 5-20 p.m., week days only. 

Church School (mixed), converted into a school house in 1844 for 92" 
children ; average attendance, 45 ; Miss Rebecca Hancock, mistress. 

Letters, marked thus * should be addressed Antony, Devonport. 

Pyrie, S., carpenter and wheel- 
wright, Crafthole 

Sambell, Alfred B., "New Inn," 
Crafthole. 

Simons, Henry, apartments. Port 
Wrinkle. 

W^eihtner, Mrs. M. J., shop- 
keeper. Post Office, Crafthole 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Carew, Rev. Gerald Pole, Rectory | 
Geake, Mr., Lynhcr Villa 
Littleton, John, Esq., Trewin 
Lorren, Mr., Sconner 
•^Roberts, J. D., J.P., Trethill 
House 

COMMERCIAL. 

Bersey, Thomas, butcher 

Coast Guard Station, Edmund 

Colwill (boatman-in-charge), ! 

Port Wrinkle 
Davey, Henry, smith, Crafthole | 
Hare, John, bootmaker, Crafthole 
Hoskin G., stonemason, Crafthole ; 
Hoskin, T., shopkeeper & farmer, 

Crafthole. 



FARMERS. 

Bennett, Mrs. M. J., Barton 
Hoskin, James, Tredrossel 
IJolman, William, Haye 
Hill, John, Liscawn 
Higman, Mr., Pool 
Jones, Brothers, Trewrickle 
Maslin, John, Sconner 
*Ma,tthews, John Pike, Blerrick 
Parken, Richard, Higher Tredis. 
Payne, Francis, Lower Tredis 



ST. STEPHENS-BY-SALTASH. 

QT. STEPHEN'S-BY-SALTASH is a village and parish at the 
'■^ confluence of the River Lynher with the Tamar, and separated 
by the latter river from the Devonshire parishes of Tamerton and 



96 venning's postal directory. 



St. Budeaiix, 1 mile south-west from Saltash Station on the Great 
Western Railway, and is boxinded on the north by Landulph and 
Botusfleming, on the east by Saltash, the River Tamar, and the 
Cornish part of St. Budeanx, on the south by St. Germans Creek, 
and on the west by the River Lynher, which separates the parish 
from Landrake and St. Emey. 

The Wesleyans have Chapels and Sunday Schools at Trematon, 
Burraton, and Forder, and the Plymouth Brethren have a Chapel 
a.t Burraton. There are Board Schools at Longlands. 

The principal villages are the Churchtown, Burraton, Trematon, 
Porder, Antony Passage, and Carkeel. 

The principal landowners are Lady Ashburton, Major-General 
T. C. Porter, C.B., J. Edwards, Esq., W. N. C. Marshall, Esq., 
Major-General Sir Reginald Pole-Carew, K.C.B. (of Antony), and 
Xiord Kiugsale. 

During the last few years at least 150 Villa residences have been 
erected near the Churchtown and BuiTaton, on account of their 
close proximity to Saltash and the Three Towns, which has greatly 
increased the rateable value of the parish. 

The water supply for these places has been brought from Saltash 
within the last two years. This parish abounds in market gardens, 
and produces veiy early crops of vegetables and fruit. 

Letters through Saltash, which is the nearest Money Order and 
Telegraph Office, arrive at 7 a.m. 

Wall Letter Boxes, St. Stephen's, cleared at 7 a.m., 2-45, and 
5-25 p.m. week days only ; Trematon, cleared at 12-15 and 6-10 p.m. 
-week days only ; Burraton, cleared at 2-45 and 6-50 p.m. week days 
only; Burraton Cross, cleared at 8-15 a.m., 12-55 and 6-50 p.m.; 
Burraton Coombe, cleared 9-10 a.m., 2-35 and 6-25 p.m.; Carkeel, 
cleared 8 a.m. ; Longlands, cleared 9 a.m., 2-5 and 6-10 p.m. ; Forder, 
cleared 7-10 a.m., 12-33 and 6-10 p.m. 

There is a Parish Council of 11 members ; W. N. Rawling, clerk. 

A School Board of 5 members was formed Augu.st 23rd, 1871 ; W. 
N. Rawling, clerk to the Board. 

PRIVATE RESIDENTS. Kingsale. Lord, Stoketon 

Porter, Gen., Thos. Cole, C.B., 

Beal, William, Trehan House Trematon Castle 

Bell, Rev. E., M.A., Vicarage Rogers. Arthur, Pillmere 

Brewer, John, Trevollard , Short, Mrs., Burraton 
Braund, W. S., Carkeel 
Dusting, Wm., South Pill House 



COMMERCIAL. 



Edwards, Wm. Hy., Latchbrook ' Ashton, John, builder, Burraton 

Edwards,' John, Trematon Hall Cross 

Hoof, Mrs., White House, Tor Baily, Mrs., tea gardens, Forder 

Hill ' Bowden, Hy., carpenter, Forder 



ST, STEPHENS-BY-SALTASH. 



97 



Brooking, J., shopkeeper, Forder 
Brooks, W., Antony Passage Inn 
Boundy, Wm., mason, Trematon 
Deacon, E., smith, Longlands 
Devon & Cornwall Stone Co., 

Ltd., W. W. Rickeard, Solr., 

Sec. 
Doney, Robt., market gardener, 

Coombe 
Dingle, James, market gardener, 

Burraton 
Distin, Joseph, market gardener, 

Trematon 
Edgcumbe, James, mason 
Greet, George, market gardener 

Burraton 
Hodge, Francis, Oakland 
Hobbs, Rickard, market gardener 
Jasper, Ernest, Church House Inn 
Jope, Edward, grocer 
Kempthorne J., Sportmans' Inn, 

Notter Bridge 
Nancarrow, Wm. T. & Sons, 

tanners, Burraton Coombe 
Prideaux, Fred., smith, Burraton 
Rawling, Wm., asst. overseer 
Rawling, Christopher H., reliev- 
ing officer & registrar 
Sargent, Mrs., shopkeeper, Burra- 
ton 
Stenlake, John, dairyman. South 

Pill 
Wright, John, Plough Boy Inn 
Yeo, James, market gardener, 

Spire Hill 
Yelland, Wm., market gardener, 

Burraton 

FARMERS. 

Batten, John, Warraton 
Ball, John, Skinham 
Bennett, John, Lower Pill 
Boundy, Richard, Tredown 



Bray, Charles, Greep Farm 
Bray, John, Trematon 
Bond, James, Trematon 
Bluett, Christopher, Shillingham 
Cook, George, Walferton 
Caunter, Mrs., Trematon 
Dingle, Wm. R., Carkeel 
Dingle, C, & market gardener, 

Castle View 
Drew, John, Cross Park 
Goodman, John, Churchtown 
Gloyne, Frank, Churchtown 
Greet, Thos., jun., Wadgworthy 
Greet, Thomas, Court VoUard 
Hancock, Wm., Spire Hill 
Hoar, Wm., Trevollard 
Hosking, Wm., Grove 
JefFery, Richard, Roods Farm 
Lang, Frank, Wivelscombe 
Maddever, James, Earth Barton 
Maynard, Henry, Dobbins 
Medland, Wm., Trehan 
Mitchel, Wm., Weard Quay 
May, John, Trematon 
Pearce, James, & miller, Forder 
Pearce, Fredk., Cross Park 
Petherick, Wm., Notter Mill 
Reed, T., & market gardener, 

Burraton 
Renfree, Mrs. Selina, & dairy, 

Burraton 
Smith, R. & J., Burrell 
Steed, Hannibal, Ince 
Smith, Wm., Burraton 
Smith, Mrs. E. A. & Son, Tre- 
vollard 
Steer, John, Tor Farm 
Smith, Mrs., Trematon 
Trampleasure, Wm., Trematon 
Townsend, William, Broadmoor 
Viggers, James, Trehan 
Webb, John, Carkeel 
Williams, H., Carkeel 



SOUTHHILL. 

CtiOUTHHILL is a parish bounded on the north by Linkin- 
*^ home, on the east by Stokeclimsland, on the south by Calling- 
ton, and on the west by St. Ive. It is situated 3 miles from the 
market town of Callington, 9 from Liskeard, and 10 from Launces- 
ton, and is between the rivers Tamar, Inney and Lynher, and 
adjoins the latter. A bridge of four arches crosses the Lynher at 
Kcrner Bridge, into the adjoining parish of Liukiuhorne. 



98 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



Golbei'don and Redmoor Commons, containing together 500 
acres, are in this parish, and were divided amongst 42 different 
owners, when enclosed about 20 years since. 

The living is a Rectory with that of Callington annexed, of the 
joint yearly vakie of £470, with residence at Southhill, and 250 
acres of Glebe at Sonthhill and Callington, and held since 1887 by 
the Rev. John Shaw, M.A., of St. Catherine's College, Cambridge. 

There is a Wesleyan Chapel and Sunday School connected there- 
with at Golberdon, and a Mission Chapel at Trevigro, dedicated 
to St. Barnabas. 

There is a Charity of about £13 annually, derived from the 
rent of a farm at Trewolland, which is distributed at Lady-day 
amongst the poor. 

The chief hamlets are Headers, Momick, Golberdon, Trevigro 
and Trewoodloe. 

Lady Ashburton, G. S. S. Strode and W. H. Horndon, Esqs.,are 
the principal landowners. 

Letters through Callington, which is the nearest Money Order and 
Telegraph Office, received at 8-5 a.m. Wall Boxes — The Rectory, 
cleared at 5-5 p.m. ; Golberdon, at 8-30 a.m., and 5-15 p.m. ; Meaders 
7-25 a.m., and 5-40 p.m., week days only. 

National School (mixed), built in 1864, and a new class room added 
in 1896, for 92 children ; average attendance 75 ; E. Walker, master. 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Rickard, Mrs. Mary, Manaton 
Symons, Mrs. Mary, Trenavin 
Shaw, Rev. John, M.A., Rectory 

COMMERCIAL. 

Ball, John, New Inn, Golberdon 
Bennett, H., Mine agent. Red- 
moor 
Bennett, W., dealer, Lodge 
Doney, Eli, dealer, Egypt 
Garrett, J., Traction Engine and 
Threshing Machine proprie- 
tor, Golberdon 
Harvey, T., miller, Manaton Mill 
Jane, W., regrator, Gate 
Kelly, W. H., carpenter, Tre- 
woodloe 
Mitchell, J., mason, Egypt 
Rogrers, J. H., Traction 
Engine & Threshing Machine 
proprietor, Golberdon 
Rowe, J., dealer, Golberdon 



Rowe, W., smith, Golberdon 
Shovell, J., mason & miller, Berio 
Shovell, A., outfitter. Golberdon 
Tancock, J., bailiff, Meaders 
Willia.ms, J., grocer etc., Gol- 
berdon 

FARMERS. 

Baber, Robert, Glebe 
Batten, Wallace, Tregunnet 
Bennett, Henry, Redmoor 
Body, Mrs. & Sons, Woodcock 

Well 
Bond, William, Trefursdon 
Brock, Henry, Higher Manaton 
Budge, Emma, Lansugle 
Goad, Nicholas, jun., Trewassick 
Coumbe, Ed. Dymond, Mornick 
Davey, James, Penwarden 
Hicks, John F., Badaford 
Hicks, Henry, Treven 
Hocking, John, Meaders 
Hicks, George, Bearland 



SOUTHHILL STOKECLIMSLAND. 



99 



Landry, William, Trevigro 
Lobb, Francis, New Garden 
Maynard, Stephen, Trevigro 
Nicolls, Francis, Mornick 
Pomroy, James, Whitley 
Rickard, L. & F., Lower Manaton 
Rogers, Henry, Golberdon 
Rowe, William, Golberdon 
Shovell, John, Berio 
Skelton, William, Trewolland 



Sleeman, Samuel, Stockadon 
Stephens, James, Trevigro 
Stephens, William, Higher Ford 
Strike, T. S., Well Town 
iSymons, John, Trewolland 
Treise, John, Trefinnick 
Veale, Ann, Trevigro 
Williams, Thomas, Golberdon 
Wills, Ben. C, Trenavin 
Worth, John, Headers 



STOKECLIMSLAND. 

STOKECLIMSLAND is a very large parish, bounded on tlie 
north by the River Inney (which separates it from Lezant) ; 
on the east by the River Tamar and the parish of Calstock ; on 
the south by Callington and Calstock, and on the west by Linkin- 
horne and Southhill. 

The mineral line of the Plymouth, Devonport, and South 
Western Railway Co., formerly known as " The East Cornwall 
Mineral Railway," has two stations in this parish, one at Monks 
Comer, and the other at the terminus, Kelly Bray. This railway 
has opened up a considerable traffic in coal, corn, manure and 
general merchandise. Kelly Bray being situated 630 feet above 
sea level, it supplies goods for the district as far as Altamiui, 
South Pethei-win, Lezant, and the Caradon Hills, the I'oads being 
good in nearly every direction, and it is becoming an important 
centre; and if the railway is made from Kelly Bray to Bere Alston, 
already sanctioned by the Board of Trade, this district will be 
considerably developed. 

At Kelly Bray also are the stores of Perry, Spear, & Co., 
Limited, Corn, Manure, and Coal Merchants, who have had depots 
at nearly every station on this mineral railway ever since its 
construction in 187L Their head office is at Tavistock, and they 
have also branches at Plymouth and other places. 

Lawiy, Hawke, and Venning, Limited, Coal, Corn, and Manure 
Merchants, have also stores at Kelly Bray, with mills for 
gi-inding and cnishing com, cake, etc., worked by an oil engine. 
This company arc also the proprietors of the Gunnislake Gas Works 
The business was first started at Kelly Bray in 1892, almost 
entirely through the efforts of the publisher, who was the manager 
and secretary for 8 years. Its turnover increased so rapidly that 
from about £1,600 at the end of the first year it gi'ew to £18,000 
a year, in 7 years. It went by the name of the " Gunnislake 
Gas, Coke, and Coal Company " for two years, then in the name of 
Lawry, Hawke, and Venning, the proprietors, until 1897, when 



100 venning's postal directory. 

it was converted into a Limited Company under the same title 
with a nominal capital of =£10,000, but only about £3,200 were 
subscribed for, including the vendors shares of £1,500, by about 
75 shareholders, nearly all of which were secured by the publisher. 
The first year the Company paid 5 per cent., and the second 6 per 
cent, dividend on the subscribed capital, in addition to a Reserve 
Fund of £100 and a credit balance; 6 months after this dividend 
was paid, when the Company was fairly established and all the 
buildings erected and mill in complete working order ; the 
principal promoter, managing director, and secretary received a 
notice of dismissal — without any previous intimation or justifiable 
reason — from the management of the Company that bears his 
name and owes its existence almost entirely to him. 

The living is a rectory, including 49 acres of glebe, with 
residence, in the gift of H.R.H. the Duke of Cornwall, K.G., and 
held since 1876 by the Rev. Richard Henry Manley, M.A., late 
fellow of Clare College, Cambridge. 

The celebrated Holmbush and Kelly Bray Copper and Arsenic 
Mines, which for some years produced upwards of £13,000 per 
annum in Arsenical Mundic and Copper Ore, and employed at 
one time more than 200 hands, are in this parish, but have now 
ceased working. It is hoped however that operations will soon 
be recuscitated, as these mines have realised a larger sum for 
Arsenic than any other in the county. 

The Works of the Kit Hill Granite Co., Limited, of which 
F. R. L. Chalk, Esq., is the Manager, are in this parish, and 
more than 100 hands are now employed. This Granite is of the 
most durable nature and best quality, and is used to a great extent 
for the finest polished Monuments in Cemeteries, also in the 
fortifications of Plymouth and Devonport, and for pitch Paving 
in the Streets of London and other large towns. 

There are two Board Schools, one at the Village and the other at 
Luckett. 

The Wesleyans have Chapels and Sunday Schools at Venterdon, 
Luckett, and Holmbush ; the Bible Christians at Downgate, Bray- 
shop, and Cross ; the United Methodists at Downhotxse, and 
Brethren at Hampt. Venterdon, Luckett, Downgate, Lidwell, 
Higherland, and Kelly Bray are the principal hamlets. 

Tlie principal Landowner is the Duke of Cornwall, who is also 
Lord of the Manor. 

A fair is held on the 29th of May yearly, for cattle and sheep. 
Whiteford House is a mansion, with polygonal projections at the 



STOKECLIMSLAND. 



101 



angles, situated half a mile south from the village, in a spacious 
park, with a bridge and artificial cascades, and is the property of 
H.R.H. the Dvike of Cornwall, but the house has been unoccupied 
for more than 30 years, and is fast falling to decay. 

POST OFFICE— Mr. Charles L. Stumbles, Postmaster. Letters 
received through Callington arrive at 8 a.m. ; despatched at 4-30 p.m. 
This office is open for Telegraph from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. ; also for Postal 
Orders. 

POST OFFICE, Downgate.— R. Johns, Sub-Postmaster. Letters 
received at 7-30 a.m. ; despatched at 5 p.m. 

POST OFFICE, Luckett.— W. Pellow, Sub-Postmaster. Letters 
through Callington received at 8-20 a.m. ; despatched at 4 p.m. 

The following Wall Boxes are cleared every week day : Alston at 
3-40 p.m. ; Higherland at 4-30 p.m. ; Kelly Bray at 5-20 p.m. ; Cross 
at 8-30 a.m. ; Pempwell at 11-/5 a.m. 



PRIVATE RESIDENTS. 

Bawden, Wm., Luckett. 

Dingle, Geoi-ge, Downgate. 

Gillbard, Thos. D., Norton. 

Mill, Rendell. 

Mitchell, James. 

Manley, Rev. R. H., M.A.. 

Rectory. 
Nattle, W. H., Esq., J. P., Hampt 

Cottage. 
Perry, The Misses, Deer Park 

Lodge. 
Rattenbury, S. P., Esq., J.P 

C.C, Polhilsa. 
Strike, William. 
Wadge, Philip. 

COMMERCIAL. 

Allen, William, dealer, Glitters. 
Bassett, H., innkeeper, " ±lalf 

Moon " Inn. 
Bennett, Thos., fruitgrower, 

Greenscombe. 
Brock, George, shopkeeper. 
Cornish, John, fruitgrower, Beal'r 

Mill. 
Cornish, W. H., Schoolmaster, 

Luckett. 
Cory, Harry, cattledealer, Taylor 

Shop. 
Dawe, Edward, gardener, Higher 

Downgate. 
Ding'le & SonSj engineers and 

machinists, Vcntordon. 
Dingle, J. H., builder, Kelly 

Bray. 
Dingle, J. H., sliopkr., Luckett. 
Dingle, J., fruitgrower, Kelly 

Hole. 



Dingle, W., fruitgrower, Hampt. 
Doidge, Edward, fruitgrower, 

Broadgate. 
Dymond, James T., regrator, and 

fruitgrower 
Dunstan, W. J., dealer, Down- 
gate. 
Dymond, J., fruitgrower. Higher- 
land. 
Dymond, J., fruitgr., Downgate. 
Geake, Richard, butcher. 
Garland, John, smith, Pempwell. 
Gist, Mrs., fruitgrower, Luckett. 
Hawton, W., carpenter, Hampt. 
Hill, T., mason, Downgate. 
Hill, Richard, mason, Luckett. 
Johns, W., merchant. Real's Mill. 
Jolins, R., post office, Downgate. 
Krsight, John, i^iller and 

farmer, Old Mill. 
Kerslake, W., traction engine 

proprietor. 
Masters, C, fruitgrower, Hampt. 
Mason, C. carpenter. Real's Mill. 
Medland. William, junr., butcher, 

Tut well. 
Mitchell, William, merchant and 

butcher. Hoi will House. 
Mutton, Theo., schoolmaster, 

Stoke Village. 
Northam, John, station master, 

INIonk's Corner. 
Nortluun, Wm. J., fruitgrower, 

Glitters. 
Nortliam, J.. Junr., fruitgrower. 

Deer Park Corner. 
Parsons, Mrs., "Railway Inn," 

Kelly Bray. 



102 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



Pearn, G., mason and fruitgrower, 

Luckett. 
Pellow, W., mason, Luckett. 
Pellow, G., mason, Venterdon. 
Pellow, S., mason, Venterdon. 
Percy, J., shopkeeper and farmer, 

Goosewell. 
Peters, J., butcher and farmer, 

Windsor. 
Percy, J., fruitgrower, Luckett. 
Percy, W., fruitgrower. Broad 
Gate. 

Rapson, A., fruitgrower, Trelane. 

Roberts, F., carpenter, Lucking- 
ton. 

Rowe, George, shopkeeper and 
assistant overseer. 

Rowe, J., fruitgrower, Luckett. 

Searle, George, bootmaker. 

Sevpell, S., carpenter, Venterdon. 

Stumbles, C. Lewis, shop- 
keeper, Post Office. 

Smith, R., Duchy agent, White- 
ford. 

Tink, J., & Son, fruitgrowers. New 
Mills. 

Trefry, G., fruitgrower, Luckett 

Trathan, D. L., fi'uitgrower. 
Glitters. 

Trathan, J. Thos., shopkeeper 
Glitters. 

Trefry, G., frviitgrower, Trelane. 

Vosper, Wm. Hy., fruitgrower 
Holmbush. 

Wearing, William, shoemaker 
Venterdon. 

Wearing, Rd., carpenter, Venter- 
don. 

Wood, J. B., station master, Kelly 
Bray. 

Wearing, F., fruitgrower, Jopes. 
FARMERS. 

Bridgman, Mrs. M. A., Kingston. 

Bawden, P., Trelane. 

Beale, Samuel, Lower Hampt. 

Blake, Richard, Old Clims. 

Blake, George, Kingston. 

Blake, William, Wooda. 

Body, William, Kelly Bray. 

Bolt, William, & Quarry Manager 

Coles, Wm., Almshouse. 

Colwell, W. A. H., Venterdon. 

Coombe, James, Underbill. 

Clarke, T. and F., Southcombe. 

Davey, S. S., and auctioneer, Pitt. 



Dingle, John, Lidwell. 

Dingle, W. T., & butcher, Crocket 

Dingle, E., Pempwell. 

Dennis, Thomas, Trehingsta. 

Eggins, Thomas, Coombshead. 

Eggins, John, Shutta. 

Finnamore, Wm., Venterdon. 

Gartrell, Thomas, Pitt. 

Geake, A. and T., Crocket. 

Goodman, Francis, Cockington. 

Goodman, John, Monk's Corner. 

Gribble, John D., Climson. 

Gribble, Wm. & Sons, Bridge. 

Geake, William Henry, Old Clims. 

Gilbard, Charles, Penpill. 

Gilbard, George H., Norton. 

Gerry, James, Pempwell. 

Hatch, William, Lidwell. 

Heard, John, Coombshead. 

Harvey, Eleazar, Southcombe. 

Harding, George, Glitters. 

Hancock, Wm., Holmbush. 

Jones, Wm., Alson. 

Kelly, Thomas, Lidwell. 

Langford, Joseph G., Burraton. 

Lyne, John, Beals. 

Lyne, Edmund, Kingston. 
Martin, Charles, Alren. 
Matthews, Henry. Winslade. 
Mitchell, James, Whiteford. 

Penny, James, Luckett. 
Penny, Isaac, Luckett. 

Powell, Wm., Burrows. 

Percy, George, Tutwell. 
Philp, W. H., Tutwell. 
Percy, William H., Alson. 
Perry, William, Deer Park. 
Philp, Leonard, Down House. 
Rattenbury, Simon Philip, J. P., 
C.C., land owner and farmer, 
Polhilsa House. 
Rendell, William, Mearfield. 
Rendell, William, Poundfield. 
Rendell, Edwin, Turlea. 
Rundle, Wm. Hy., Trehill. 
Rundle. D., Little Nor:;h Down. 
Ryall, Oliver, Welltown. 
Reep, James, Higher Sherwell. 
Short, Thomas, Northdown. 
Skinner, Wm., Lidwell. 
Symons, John, Tresallack. 
Wearing, Henry, Higher Down- 
gate. 
Westlake, Thos., Tresallack. 
Wadland, Eleanor^ Hampt. 



C. HARRIS & SON, 
Drapers^ Clotbiers ^ Ci?cle ilflcnts, 

-X5^T A V I ST O C K,K^v. 

Will be pleased to receive your commands for 









X 
























\ 


.'ours faitlifull\ . 

Cfiarles 3€arrh 


't 


Yd 
< 

4. 


irii sincerely, 

7o^n 3Venry Sfarri 


s. 



-^^ Pigb-Chiss Drnpcvn, (JTHitloring, ^^ 

Lrt^//e5 (fv Ge«/s' outjits TcNr,",;. 

Dressmaking. Millinery. Waterproofs, Sec. 



CHRISTY'S HATS, MORLEY'S HOSIERY, DENT'S 

.... GLOVES 

Sole Agent for Dk. JAEGER'S & CELLULAR CLOTHING. 



^EMIGRATION. 



"^r 



My experience is fairly good they say, 
England does not give working men enough pay, 
For certain, a foreign country is the best 
To earn your money for a future rest. 

If you have just not a little hoard 

And want, as all do, to get some more. 
Buy your ticket and get aboard 

A Steamship bound for a foreign shore, 

The Ships are large and the speed is ^reai. 

And the accommodation is very fine, 
To seled a berth that will be a treat, 

You should apply to Mr. Normington in time. 

The rates for passengers and freight, 

Cannot be beaten, I Know I'm right. 

The tickets kept are first, second, and third class, 

And I'm sure cannot be surpassed. 

Mr. Normington is an 
experienced traveller of over 
120,000 miles by land and 
sea. Having crossed the 
ocean 8 times, and resided 
abroad over 11 years. For 
the last 20 years he lias rep- 
resented all noted Steamship 
Company's lines, and has 
booked thousands of passen- 
gers abroad. If any one 
wishes to be met at any par- 
ticular place in Callington 
or Tavistock, to be supplied 
with tickets and labels, he 
personally will attend to 
the order, and give all neces- 
sary information for the jour- 
ney, besides securing suitable 
hotel accommodation, and a 
trustworthy attendant on 
arrival by rail or ship, who will attend to passengers' requisites. 




Address: J/^MES NORJVIINGTON, 

GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENT, 

Drakewalls Place, Gunnislake, 



Near TAVISTOCK. 



venning's postal directory. 



105 



SIDNKY^ BOND, 



AGENT FOR 



-^ Great Western Railway, fr^ 

Mail Confracfor & Coach Proprietor, 




^~**- 



GREAT WESTERN MEWS, 
OALLINQTOISr, 

BEGS to return thanks to his numerous Friends and the Public 
generally for their liberal patronage and support for many 
ye^rs past, and he respectfully announces that he will still continue 

Co Run Ms CoacDes $i Busses 

FROM 

GALLIHGTOiij TO Af(D FljOM SALTASH, 

AS UNDER 

Every week-day, leaving Callington at 8-10 a.m. in time for 
the g.58 a.m. Third Class Train to Plymouth, Exeter, Bristol, 
and London, and returning from Saltash on the arrival of the 
5-16 p.m. Train from London via Plymouth. He has also a 
Conveyance leaving Saltash daily at 11-16 a.m., in time to arrive 
at Callington about i p.m., returning from Callington at 3-40 
p.m. to meet the 5-13 p.m. Third Class Train for Plymouth. 
And Saturdays, leaving Callington at noon to meet the 1-50 p.m. 
Train at Saltash; leaving Saltash for Callington at 7-10 p.m. 

S. BOND also keeps a Glass Hearse and Close Carriages 

on Hire. 

FUNERALS & WEDDINGS completely furnished. 
POSTING in all its branches. 



106 



venning's postal directory. 



BRENDON - BROTHERS, 

CALLINGTON &, SHERWELL WORKS, PLYMOUTH. 



v. 



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(0 Scalders. q 




Length 3 feet, Width ift. 6in, 



Wire. 




Galvanized 
Roofing. 

Wire . 

Netting. 




.Ss^s^mU 



venning's postal directory. 



107 



BRENDON - BROTHERS. 

MANUFACTURERS. 










o 
^ 



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o 



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Rubber = = 
= = iUrincier 

For fastening on 
Tray U/~ & 16/6. 




108 



venning's postal directory. 



BRENDON - BROTHERS, 

CALLINGTON & SHERWELL WORKS, PLYMOUTH 



Cooking Ranges 
. in uarielp. 



LOWEST PRICES. 





♦ 



<^ <« 






1 

I- 

(£ 
O 
CO 
CO 

< 
o 

DC 
< 

-I 



BEE HIVES, 




Painted with Fittings 16/6, 

Bar Frames, Sections, 

Foundations, ExcludcrZiiic, 

Smokers, & Fittings. 




venning's postal directory. 



109 



BRENDON BROTHERS, CALLINGTON. 




Meat Choppers. 




Importers of - 

Sewing Machines. 




t>i9 aud U/. 



^*»'Uuiiailiiiiiiiiiiii,iiii|i;;H;ii:lliii;iiu;--^'-:^ 

S. p. £2-12-6 W. 8c W. £3-10-0 



110 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 




FOR RELIABLE 



Watch, Clock & Jewellery Repairs 

Go to 

JOHN i BARRETT, 

Valentine Row, Callington, 

New ^^^^S. WATCHES 

Mainspring JKf \\ from lo/. 

to any l( J) . CLOCKS . 

Watch 2/6. ^Mf^»*^ ^'^^"^ 3/' 



New Brooch 

Pins 

2d. each. 



All other re- 
pairs equally 

cheap, and 
only the best 

materials used 



Satisfaction 
Guaranteed. 




My Silver 

English Lever 

Watches at 

£2-']-6 cannot 

be beaten. 

These 
Watches are 
made in three 
sizes, and are 
warranted to 
last a lifetime 
if well used. 



22 CARAT \\EDDING RINGS 

GOLD, SILVER & METAL WATCH CHAINS. 

VIOLINS & BOWS REPAIRED 

. . NEW STRINGS, BRIDGES, PEGS, &c. 

AMERICAN ORGANS repaired and New Instruments of any 

make procured to order. 

^ofed for reasonable charges and good worR. 

-^gx^ SlsR any person wHo Has fried me. 



VeNK1NG*S POStAL JDlRfiCtORY. 



Ill 



FORE STREET, CALLINGTON. 

Please take Notice that ROGERS' old established BOOT, 
SHOE, and SEED STORES, is still giving the best Value for 
Quality, Wear, and Low Prices. 
j Repairs a speciality. A trial solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. 

AAT. IP. I^OOIHIIE^S. 



cJ 



XX ySi XX XX XX XX I 

X 
X 
X 
X 
X 



D 



East Cornwall Poultry Yards,, 

ELLBRIDGE, St. MELLION. 

-H- W. NANSCAWEN. PROPRIETOR. -S-f- 

W. N. begs to thank his customers for their hind support in 
the past and hopes for a continuation of the same ; his stock is 
one of the best he has ever had to offer, as last seasons' winnings 
will prove. 

He has Cockerels and Pullets of the following varieties for 
sale from 5/- each. 

Silver. Qolden & White Wvandottes, 
Barred £ White Rocks, 
Black Orpington, 

Dark Dorkinq & Indian Qame. 

Also AYLESBURY & INDIAN RUNNER DUCKS. 
N.B. — Eggs for Hatching from each variety in season. 



CHAS. LANGSFORD, 

MILLER AND BAKER, Cotehele Mills, St. MELLION. 

Public Teas catered for. Shavings for Punnei-making supplied, 

also Boxes and Punnets made complete to order. 

FRED J. PAUL, CaLSTOCK, (Next door to Tost Office.) 
General Warehouse, Household Requisites, China, Glass, & 
Fancy Goods, Wall Papers. Appointed Agent for " Singers- 
SewiBg-Machines," and " Millbay Dye Works." 




112 venning's postal directoy. 

Fore Street, Callington. 

e. H. $ €. DUPSCflD. 

desire to call special atienlion to tHeir well 
Assorted Stocfe of 

Dress Goods . . 

■ — . .1 - ■ I ^ . . ■-.-., ..- ■■ , - - -%m 

« # « ♦ JiTiCl • ♦ ♦ ♦ 

General Draperp, 

CONSISTING OF 

Calicoes, yiannefs, SDirtinas, Umbrellas, SwnsDaacs, 
Gloves, fiosicrp, £aaies* ana Cbildreji's iiurons. 

The Celebrated P. & S. CORSETS only 

obtainable of the above for Callington and 

District. 

<^ ?iiig(irin9, yarns ana iUools 5^ 

In srcat varUtp 

Knitting Cotton ana D)erino$. 

Fancy J^eedlework in the Newest (Designs. 




A good assortment of Dress and Mantle Trimmings. 

FAMILY = M:0URN1NG 

Suppltca. ana Oracrs exccuua witb promptttuac. 



VENNING F POSTAL niR^ CTORY. 



113 



BKakfiists, £uncDcon$. Ceas, Biiisicrs ma Suppers- 



\l/ \!/ 

7f -/jx 



•/jx 



n^) 



2TtU]^fiI3T 



i( (GENONi BROS). )«- 

167, = Union = S 



^/so, Cafe Royal, 32. George Street, 

(Nearly Oppositk Theatre Royal). 
FRENCH & ENGLISH PASTRIES & CONFECTIONERY 

Deoon $ Cornioai] Carriage UlorKs, 

W. BE NNEI 'f, DUTlDE R, &c., 

Begs to announce that he has taken over the Business, conducted for 
many years past by Mr. JASPER and his father, and will continue to conduct 
the same on the above premises, by the same experienced staff of worKmen. 
He is prepared to execute Orders for 

Carriages ana Repairs or eycrp aescrir^son 

At short notice, with good workmanship, and at moderate Chariots, and sohcits 

a continuance of public support. 

A Competent Painter and Writer kept. 
UNDERTAKING. CARPENTRY in all its Branches. 

<KK»»XK»«x**x»«X'«x*»x»*x**x*^x^»x*«x»<K»<»*>x»«X'*x«'X»»:«<*»X"X»«x«- 

FRED J. PAUL, (Next door to To a uUicu,) CALSiUCK. 
CPCle Depot- Catalogues Post Fkek. Lamps, Bel s, Oil, 
Carbide and general Cyclealities. Any not in stock procured 
at short notice. 



114 



VENNINg's postal DiRECtORV. 




X 

VVV 
xxxxySv 

XX XX XX y\ 

XX XX XX XX 

vxv>f V 

x\XXXX 

XX XX 
v,X 



X 



STOKECLIMSLAND, CALLINGTON, 
CORNWALL. 



Repairs and new parts to Steam, Gas and Oil 
Engines a speciality. 

Boilers Inspected and Repaired. 
High-Class Engines and Machinery Supplied. 




BELTING, OIL, 

AND PACKING 
AT LOW PRICES. 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



115 



Bicycles 

!BuiU io order to sutf 
customers' requirements. ■?!!^^ ^^^ , ,. 

3^ree wheels & 6ac/e pedaling 6raRes fitted to existing 

DfiacAines. 

WorHmansRip guaranteed. Prices moderate. 




^^^^^ffiP»" 



^ 



T)X^GLE & 




STOKECLIMSLAND, CALLINGTON, 
CORNWAIL. 

Bicycles and Tricycles built, fitted with English 
make De-Dion Motors, 
-♦gx^ Any make Car supplied. -9(3^ 

Wheels with Pneumatic and Rubber Tyres 
made to suit any Carriage. 



Correspcndence 

Invited 

from 

Intending 

Purchasers. 




110 



VF.rNlKG S PORTAI, DIRRCTORY. 



" BEA 

CORN 



I fp" I 



13 






CRUSHER. 




Will Crush a Feed of 
Corn in one Minute. 



Nearly 2,000 of these 

Mills have been 

supplied for H. M. 

Mounted Forces. 



SENT ON TRIAL. 
CARRIAGE PAID. 



CHE "BEAUFORT HUNT" MILLS assist digestion, 
enalile the corn to mix better with the chaff, and prevent it 
passing through the animals unmasticated, thereby assisting 
young horses which are shelling their teeth, and old ones to 
properly masticate their food. 
Size N.X. For Oats as well as Beans, Peas, 
Maize, &c. With Two Steel Rollers, a 

Boy can work it ... £2 12 6 

Size L.X. For Two Men or Power 4 15 



Supplied by - - - 

R. DINGLE & SONS, 

STOKECLIMSLAND, CORNWALL. 



venning's postal directory. 



117 




Separators, Churns, 
Butter Workers, Binders, 
Mowers, Rakes, Haymakers, 
Chaffcutters, Mills, Pulpers, 
&c., &c., 



x\t Large Discounts for Cash. 



R. DINGLE & SONS, 

StoKeclimsland, Callington. 



Sft'frs'i^Sidii 




Repairs to every 
kind of 

Farmer's - 
Machinery 

Wearing parts for 

PLOUGHS and 

Steel 
CULTIVATOR 



Kept in Stock. 



118 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



DAWK'S 

CELEBRATED 





For EXTERNAL & INTERNAL USE. 



For OUTWARD COMPLAINTS, they are the best remedy 
known for Sprains and Bruises, Galls of the Collar or Saddle, 
Broken Knees, Ewes' or Cows' Udders, Swellings. &c. 

For INWARD COMPLAINTS, they are most extensively used 
in the West of England during the Lambing Season to prevent 
inflammation and mortification in Ewes after Lambing, to 
bring off the Cleansing, both in Ewes and Cows, and for Chills, 
Gripes, «Stc., they are unsurpassed by any other Cattle Medicine. 



SOLD IN SHILLING AND TWO SHILLING BOTTLES. 



— PROPRIETOR — 



JOHN DAWE, 



DRUGGIST, &c., 



CHURCH STREET, 



c;«iimN6T0N. 



TESTIMONIALS. 

Trefuge, Goad's Green, 

November 2ist, 1900. 
Mr. Dawe, 

Dear Sir, 

I have much pleasure in giving you a testimonial 
for your excellent Cattle Oils having used them for nearly 20 
years, I can highly recommend them for all kinds of complaints 
in Cattle, both internally and externally. 

Yours truly, 

R. HOCKING. 



venning's postal directory. ■ 119 

TESTIMONIALS, continued:— 

Goad's Green, 

November 21st, igoo* 
Mr. J. Dawe, 

Dear Sir, 

I have used your Oils for Cattle over 12 5'ears, 
and have found them very good both internally and externally. 

Yours truly, JOHN RUNDLE. 



Tredaule, Altarnun, 

November 20th, igoo. 
Mr. Dawe, 

Sir, 

I have been using your Oils for 7 or 8 years, and have 
always found them very useful. I have always used them in the 
Lambing Season, and have never found anything equal to them ; 
they are the best I ever used for Scour in Sheep and Calves, and 
also for Wounds. I had a Cow that tore its udder to pieces 
with a dung fork so that the milk would run off from her, I kept 
her indoors, and after treating the udder with warm water and 
your Oils, she went on just the same as if there had been 
nothing the matter. 

Yours respeafully, H. CROWELLS. 



Stokeclimsland, CaUington, 

December 17th, igoo. 
Dear Sir, 

I have kept and used your Cattle Oils for a great 
many years. I can highly recommend them and testify to their 
excellence. 

Yours truly, 

JAMES MITCHELL. 



Trelawney, Altarnun, 

January, igoi. 
Sir, 

Having used your Oils for several years for differ- 
ent diseases which Cattle are subjecfl: to, they have given me 
every satisfacflion. 

I am, yours truly, W. H. CURTICE. 



120 venning's postal directory. 



E. BUDGE, S , 

WATCHMAKERS, JEWELLERS, 

.xjx GUNSMITHS, &c., k^ 

FO RE^STREETJ^J N GTO N . 

Clocks and Barometers Cleaned and Repaired in any of 
the Parishes named in this Directory. 

IS- CHURCH STREET, CALLI?*JGTOSM. 

Stock or Reliable Boots ^ $l)oe 

&c., AT LOWEST PRICES. 
IS- A TRIAL SOLICITED BEFORE GOING ELSEWHERE. 




ESTABLISHED, 1865. 



€oitfectioiur, J^antg ^xm^ & §iscmt §alier, 
kFORE street, callington. 



Wedding and Fancy Cakes made to Order. Superior Currant Cake. 

Schools and Public Teas provided for at the Shortest Notice. 

JANE P. HANCOCK, 

CHUPCH STREET, CALLIiMGTON, 

Desires to return thaiiKs to her Friends for their patronage in past years, and 
begs to inform them that she has a well assorted STOCK of 

GENERAL •:• DRAPERY, 

AT MODERATE PRICES. 



.,^>c A CALL IS RBSf*E,GTFULLY SOLICITBO. k^ 



venning's postal directory. 121 

R. H. JAGO, 

Wheelwright, Carpenter & Undertaker, 
WEST END, CALLINGTON. 

SPRING TRAPS MADE TO ORDER. 

ESTABLISHED 1813 

E. BUCKINGHAM, 

Boot ana SDoe iaareDousCt $Cm 

Fore Street, CALLINGTON. 

All kinds of Ready-made Boots & Shoes kept in Stock. 

^.< REPAIRS NEATLY EXECUTED, k^k. 
Horses & Carriages let on hire, Avith or without driver. Close 

Carriage also kept. 

-^ E. E. SKEWES, >^a- 

Grocer, Tea Dealer, Fruiterer and Confectioner, 
CHURCH STREET, CALLINGTON. 



E. TOWNSEND, 

<u-g DRAPER, GROCER & PROVISION DEALER, ^^i. 
COMMERCIAL STREET, GLNMSLAKE. 

Ribbons, Bonnets, Hosier)', Haberdashery, General Millinery, Feathers, 

Flowers. 

K. & iVI. WALKEY, 

Cbina ana Class UlareDouse, «- 
-^ Grocers and Cea Dealers, 

FORE STREET, CALLINGTON. 



Agents for SOUTH DEVON DYEING Establishment. 



122 



VENNINGS POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



CULTIVATORS 



<U -I-' E>, 



1-1 

o 




J3A3T[ ^iqnoQ 



a 



veKning's postal directory. 



123 



PLOUGHS. 




i\(OldiAI\/Hc) 



124 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY, 



SPabk 0f Cljurcb^s v^ Iff ato of lifaings, $ct. 



Archdeacon of Bodmin — Rev. H. H. Du Boiday, Lawhitton. 
Rural Dean — Rev. W. Westmacott, M.A ., St. Germans. 

DEANERY OF EAST, Archdeaconry of Bodmin. 



Parish. 


Clergy. 


R 
or 
V 


Year 
adtd 


Patron. 


Net 
Value, 


Acres 
Glebe 


BOTUSFLEMING 


T. F. Fulton 


R 


1897 


Miss E Marshall 


197 


60 


CALSTOCK 


Canon T Hullah 


R 


18G5 


Duke of Cornwall 


440 


58 


Gunnislake 




Harrowbarrow L Ch 


J. H. Jones 


C 


1896 








Cotehele L Ch 


W. A. Gardener 


C 


1898 








Latchley Cm Ch 














Metherell M R 














CALLINGTON with 


J. Shaw 


R 


1887 


Lady Ashburton 


470 


250 


SOUTH-HILL 


J. M. Milner 


C 










St. DOMINICK ... 


C. Square 


R 


1894 


C. Square. 


210 


104 


St. GERMANS 


W. Westmacott 


V 


1890 


D & C of Windsor 


286 


3 


Hessenford Ch. 


H. N. Wheeler 


V 


18^6 


Vicar St Germans 


234 




Downderry 


E.DeRomestin 


c 


190C 








Tideford Ch. 


D. Jerkin 


V 


187a 


Vicar St Germans 


284 


2 


St. IVE Ch. 


C. J, Coar 


R 


1896 


The Crown. 


273 


80 


Pensilva Ch Ls 














LAN DRAKE with 


F. J. Behenna 


V 


1893 


E, Mt.Edgcumbe 


200 


60 


St. Erney 














LANDCLPH 


S. Gregory 


R 


1901 


Duke of Cornwall 


215 


42 


LINKINHORNE 


C. C. Bosanquet 


V 


1897 


Exs. W. Hichens 


211 


75 


Upton Cross M Ch 














St. MELLION 


F. T. Wintle 


R 


1900 


W. Coryton. 


211 


81 


PILLATON 


R. Hocking 


R 


1894 


D. Collins. 


148 


33 


QUETHIOCK 


J. A. Wix 


V 


1899 


The Bishop. 


219 


48 


SAIiTASH S.S 


Arthur Preedy 
A. L. Price 


V 


1895 

1898 


The Bishop. 


145 


4 


St. STEPHENS 


Edward Bell 


V 


1892 


D & C of Windsor 


310 


8 


SHEVIOUK 


(i. Pole-Oarew 


R 


1900 


Gen. Pole-Carew 


255 


100 



DEANERY OF TRIGG MAJOR, Archdeaconry oj Bodmin. 
Rural Dean — Rev. T. J. Nunns, Launceston. 



ALTARNUN 


A. H. Malan 


V 


1887 


D. & C. of Truro 


230 


113 


Bolventor 


J. H. Dickinson 


V 


1899 


F. R. Rodd 


130 


12 


LEWANNICK 


T. Bennetts 


V 


1899 


Lord Chancellor 


148 


32 


LEZANT 


E. Townend 


R 


1896 


The Bishop 


406 


159 


NORTH HILL ... 


T. WiUing 


R 


1885 


Rev. T. Willing 


371 


62 


Stokeclimsland ... 


R. H. Manley 


R 


1876 


Duke of Cornwall 


574 


49 





126 venning's postal dibectory. 

QUALITY, - - "^•. 

- STYLB, - 
- - - PRICE, 

Should always be considered by Intending purchasers. 

IF YOU REQUIRE 

A Set of Pair Horse Harness. 

A Set of Best Gig Harness, 



A SET OF HARNESS FOR BUSINESS PnBPOSES. 
" A Set of Cart Harness, 

it will PAY you to go to 

cl. H. POOLa^EV'S, 

Where you will obtain BEST QUALITY GOODS, 
UP-TO-DATE STYLE at reasonable prices. 

Send AT ONCE for patterns and quotations, which 
will be sent free per return. 



A Larp Stoci of SADDLERY REQUISITES to select from. 

NOTE THE ADDRESS :- 



Saddler and Ironmonger, 

104, FORE STREET, SALTASH- 



VENNING's postal DIRECTORY; 



127 



^ £isi of miinisiers -3 

Who have laboured in the Calhngton Wesleyan Circuit since its 

formation in 1847. 



Date. 


Callington. 


Saltash. 


1847-8 


John Ryan 


James Nance 


1849-50 


WilHam Sanders 


Thomas Chope 


1851-3 


Henry Daniels 


. Mark Symons 


1854 


George Hagan 


. James Fisher 


1855 


J) 1) •• 


. Isaac Gould 


1856 


John W. Cotton 


>» >> 


1857-9 


H. B. Trethewey 


Thomas Wenn 


i860 


Joseph Simpson 


W. Pritchard 


1861 


)5 >> 


J. Blears 


1862 


>) J> 


Richard Groves 


1863 


George Oyston 


Edmund Daniels 


1864 


5) ?5 


Alfred Freeman 


1865 


Thomas J. Walker 


>• >> 


1866 


5> 11 


R. P. Davey 


1867-8 


George Parsonson 


'.' . " ' 


1869 


>) J) 


William Barnes 


1870-1 


oseph Mole 


)5 M 


1872 


") >) 


John Mead 


1873 


Thomas Thompson .. 


>> »> 


1874-5 


)' )> 


John S. Robinson 


1876 


Joseph Little 


Alfred S. Williams 


1877-8 


j> )) 


John E. Winter 


1879 


John Stembridge 


William Farmer 


1880 


Samuel W. Lawton .. 


" )> 


i88i-2 


" )) 


Alfred J. Silcox 


1883 


Andrew Rennard 


»' >> 


1884 


>) )> 


Walter Lethaby 


1885 


M >> 


Daniel Gill 


1886 


T. W. Cook 


11 M 


1887-8 


>> )5_ 


. George Bolderston 


1889-90 


George Swidenbank .. 


>i )> 


1891 


'> )) 


R. P. Davey 


1892-3 


Richard Hih 


i> >» 


1894 


)> )) 


Edward Thistlethwaite 


1895 


Stephen Sutton 


)' >> 


1896 


Elijah H. Sumner 


>) >> 


1897 


» >> 


William B. Saul, M.A. 


1898 


5> )> 


. Paul ElHs 


1899-1900 


Joseph Birkbeck 


» ») 


1901 


}) » 


j» >» 



128 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



Seneral Stores^ Q 



"^ 



STOKECLIMSLAND, 



FOR 



• • ■ 



Groceries, 
Provisions. 



Patent 
Medicines 
and Drugs. 



Drapery, 

Earthenware 

China. 



vx- Vf V^ V<' V*' V^ X/ V^ V" V V V' V" V' M V' V V" V" V' V V' V' 
i?s^ yx A A. A. XX XX A> A> A. A. XX -><\ -j^ XX XX 



^Gs-E3sra? iF-oi^ arnE 



PUBLIC BENEFIT BOOT COMPANY. 

A large and varied assortment in stock suitable for 

all classes. 

INSPECTION INVITED. 

XX XX V*" XX X/ XX XX XX V' V^ XX V^ V«' V^ Vy- v^ ^<^ 

i?xAAAAAAAAAAxx^\AAAAAAA>Axxxx 



Bran, 


Oats, 


Coal, 


Barley Meal, 


Maize, 


and 


Maize „ 


Flour. 


Pig Meal. 



AxkAAAA AAAAAAxxAAAxxAAAxxAA 

C. LEWIS STUMBLES, 

Post Offlc^t Stokeclimslana. 



Agent for Lipton's Teas and Coffee. 



ANCIENT HISTORY — (WESLEYAN MINISTERS.) 



129 



The following Wesleyan Ministers have laboured in the Laun 
ceston and North-hill Circuit from the year 1784, when it was 
first formed into the Plymouth Dock Circuit. 

DOCK CIRCUIT. 



1784. Revs. H. Moore, P. Hardcastle. 

85. J. Mason, Adam Clarke, 

J. King. 

86. W. Miles, T. Crowther, C. R. 
Bond. 

87 L. Kane, S. Bardsley, J. Cole. 

88 ,, G. Wordsworth, A. 
Luter. 

8g S. Warwick, J. Robinson, C. 
Bland. 

90 S. Warwick, J. Smith, A. Mose- 

ley. 

91 W. Horner, W. Shoresby, S. 

Kelk. 

92 B. Rhodes, F. Truscott, W. Cox. 

93 ,, J. M. Byron, J. Boil, 
R. Smith. 

LAUNCESTON CIRCUIT. 

1794 J. Boyle. M. Daniel, 

95 T. Kelk, J. Sandoe, J. Crickett, 

96 J. Smith, T. Yates, J. Evans. 

97 ,, E.Millward, W. Jenkin. 

98 ,, R. Treffry, J. Bowes. 

99 G. Dermott, T. Stanley, J. 

Bowes. 
1800 J. M. Byron, M. Daniel, E. 
Roberts. 

1 J. M. Byron, J. Hodgson, T. 

Roberts. 

2 J. Kingston, R. James, T. Slin- 

ger. 

3 F. Truscott, W. Henshaw, W, 

Pearson. 

4 F. Truscott, F. Collier, W. 

Martin. 

5 F. Collier, J. Robins, W.'Brock- 

lehurst. 

6 W. Pearson, W. Trampleasure, 

J. Coates. 

7 W. Pearson, W. Trampleasure, 

S. Jackson. 

8 J. Walmsley, J. Alexander, S. 

Jackson, & J. Lyth. 
1809 J. Walmsley, W. Beal.* 

10 T. Roberts, 

11 ,, G. H. Howe. 

12 T. Rogers, S. Witworth. 

13 W. Jenkin, W. Sleigh. 



1814 W. Jenkin, T. Dodd. 

15 W. Baker, W. Sleep. 

16 ,, T. Staton, 

17 J.Jones, ,, T. Prestage. 

18 ,, R. Sherwell. 

19 J. Marsh, G. Birley. 

20 ,, G. Birley. 

21 J. Slater, S. Robinson. 

22 ,, H. Y. Cheverton. 

23 E. Millward, 

24 1, J- Saunders. 

25 J. Saunders, J. W. Button. 

26 N. Sibly, ,, 

27 ,, J. Caleway. 

28 J. Whevill, 

29 ,, H. B. Trethewey. 

30 R. Sherwell, ,, 

31 ,, J. Smith. 

32 T. Staton ,, 

33 .. E- Usher 

34 R. Bentham, ,, 

35 R. Bentham, J. S. Thomas. 
36 

37 J. Cullen, W. Moust. 

38 ,, J. W. Roberts. 

39 

40 T. Bersey, 

41-3 J. HoUis, H. Groves. 

44 G. Southern, V. Parsons. 

45-6 P. Parsons, G. F. White. 

47 H. Trethewey, 

48 „ J. W. Roberts 

49 

50 J. Jewell, 

51 ,. W. Fidler 

52 \V. Fidler. J. H. Hugil. 

53 T. Hardy, 

54 ,, L. Binks. 

55 

56-8 J. Cook. J. Ryan. 

59-60 S. Lucas. N. Alston. 

61 J. Sutch, E. Fison. 

62 ,, ,, A. T. Hocking 

63 

64 E. Blake, T. Wenn, T. Short. 
1865 M. Giles, J. Mack. G. L. Allen. 
66 

67 G. F. White, J. Mack, E. S. 
Banham. 



* Liskeard Circuit was formed this year, 



130 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 




J. H. WHiTFORD 



9 



General Merchant, Gunnislake, 

Holds absolutely the largest stock in the District of . . 

BOOTS J^lsTlD SSIOIBS- 

OUTFITTING IN ALL ITS BRANCHES. 

MEASURED SUITS A SPECIALITY. 

HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE on the Cash or Hire System. 



W. T. SMITH, 

Cobaccooist, - Con feclioner, - ^c^ 

CALSTOCK ROAD, 

GUNNISLAKE. 



i 



B. D. SHENALE, 1 ^J. LANGMM,^ 



Draper, Grocer a* General 
.x?x Proj?i$ion Dealer, 

FORE STREET, 

-^ Gunnislake. 



f^raper, Srocer, and 

- Seneral Provision 
^ dlTercHani, -^ 



ALTARNUN. 



J. POMROY, moolmaRer, S^ore St., Callington, 

Invites attention to his large Stock of Ladies', Gentlemen's, and Childken's 
Boots and Shoes of every description, which for Price and Quality combined, 
cannot be surpassed. Ladies' Elastic Sides from 3/11, this Boot is sold by 
hundreds, and once tried always worn. 

J. P. calls special attention to his Stock of Men's and Women's, Boys' and 
Girls' NAILED BOOTS. Men's BOOTS from 6/6, all others at eqnaUy low 
prices. 

J. P. has always a lot of his own make Hand-sewn in Stock. 
Cork Socks, Kid Reviver, Porpoise Leather and all other kinds of Laces in stock, 
Blakey's Boot Protectors, and Currier Dubbin for softening Leather, Breeches 
and all other Leggings made to order. Machine Twist and Boot Uppers supplied 

to the trade. 



ANCIENT HISTORY (WESLEYAN MINISTERS.) 



131 



D7orfH-fiUl Wesley an Circuit, 

List of Ministers since its division from the Launceston 

Circuit, 1868. 



1S6S J. B. Blanch, E. S. Banham. 

69 n 

70 ., ]. T. Patey. 
71-2 A. Hoskings, J. T. Patey. 
73-5 R. J. Andrew, W. Mjllor 
76-8 T. Wenn, T. Law, 

79 A. Hann, W. B. Butters. 

So 

81 

82 J. Milum, D. Huddleston. 



1883 J. Milum, D. Huddleston 
S4 D. Huddleston A. Keeve. 
85-8 J. G. Cocks, W.VV.Th;ickaray 
8S-90 R. P. Davey, W. H. Briglit. 
91-3 T. Wenn, G. Bolder.ston. 
94-6 R. Groves, A. Roberts 
97 R. P. Davey, K 11. Idiomas, 
(died here) Feb. 27th, 1898. 
98-9 R. P. Davey, A. Hoad. 

1900 J. G. Cocks, ,, 



Sunnislaiie 2i}esleyan Circuii. 

List of Ministers since its division from the Tavistock 
Circuit in 1871. 



Date. 


Gunnislake. 


Calstock. 


1871 


W. D. Wihiams 


J. B. Portrey. 


72-3 


H. W. Haime. 


E. T. Carrier. 


74 


»> 


T. Jenkins. 


75 


M. Salt (died 1876) 


W. J. Burrow. 


76-7 


J. S. Thomas. 


)) 


78-0 


J. P. White. 


Evans Lloyd. 


81-3 


F. Chapman. 


R. Watkin Jones. 


84 


H. W. Catton. 


T. Ross. 


85 


>j 


S. T. Richards. 


86 


F. Standfast. 


>> 


87-8 


)) 


J. Moffatt. 


89-0 


S. E. Symons. 


. E. Jones. 


91 


)) 


A. Lloyd. 


92-3 


J. S. Robinson. 


>> 


94 


>j 


S. H. Dunstan. 


95 


T. Wenn. 


>j 


96 


W. H. Weather ill 


E. J. Chappeli. 


97 


T. Bate. 


>> 


98 


C. Symes. 


»f 


99 


>» 


C. M. Draper. 


1900 


II 


F. F. Hawkey. 



i32 



VeNning's postal directory. 



ESTABLISHED 1843. 



l^asbbttabk ^oot ^ Mot fflannfattmtx, 

ST. GERMANS. 




Hand Sewn, Machine Sewn, and Rivet Boots, Shoes, &c., 

TO MEASURE. 

Ill ordering by Post, please send an old Boot for size. 

REPAIRS OF ALL KINDS. 

The FACT concerns all that we lead the WAY, and 
are ever at the FORE with any variety of 

Boots, Sboes ana Ccddings. 

Quality always Right ! Price never wrong ! 
BESPOKE WORK AND REPAIRS. 

P RUST & SONS ^""'■'-^l^o^tLes. 

K3- LiT? U N e ESXON. 

Attendance at Callington Market every Wednesday. Hours 1-30 to 6-30 p.m. 

J. RABBAGE, 
6rocer, Draper, ^c, Xex. 

^xgx fienerai Sitppip Stores, 

POST OFFICE, ST. DOMINICK, 

Being shortly about to open new and more commodious premises, 
begs to thank the Public for their generous support in the 
past, and hopes by continuing to supply the best goods at 
lowest prices to have their appreciation in the future. 

J'ea, Srocery and Provision Dfiercfiani. 



Dealer in Drapery, Boots and Shoes, Glass, China, . . 

.... Earthenware, Brushes, Lamps, Wicks, Flour, 
Barleymeal, Bran and Maize. 



ANOLENT HISTORY — (mINISTKES). 



133 



.ge 3ii€le enrisUan Circuit -^ 



CALLINQTON. 

1852-3 Bev. E. Kent. 

54-6 ,, E. Arkell. 

56-60 ,, M. Robins. 

60-62 ,, W. Courtice. 

62-64 .. W. Clarke. 

64-68 ,, R. Westington. 

68-6g ,, J. Kenner. 

69-71 ., J. Webb, 

71-74 ,, B. Nott. 

74"77 •• J- Brown. 

77-79 ,, J. Crews. 

79-80 ,, J. Finch. 

80-84 .. ^V. Lee. 

84-88 ,, G. A. Angwin. 

88-91 ,, R. Grose. 

gi-95 ,, J. Morris. 

95-99 ,, E. A. Coome. 

99-1901 ,, J. Datson. 

QUNNISLAKE. 

1852-3 Rev. S. L. Thorne. 

5.3-56 „ W. Bray. 

56-57 ,, J. Manning. 



1857-58 

58-59 
59-62 
62-64 
64-66 
66-67 
67-69 
69-71 
71-73 
73-74 
74-76 
76 

77-79 
79-81 
81-83 

83-85 
85-87 
87-go 
90-92 
92-94 
94-96 
96-98 
98-99 
99-1901 



Rev. Jehu Martin. 
H. Kenner. 
P. Labdon. 
J. Brenton. 
T.J. Pattendue. 
G, Diniel. 
F. Lockwood. 
S. Allen. 
T. H. Rundle. 
J C. Bassett. 
W. Jeffery. 
J. R. Crews, became 
J. Ninnis. [Super. 
T. G, Vanstone. 
D. Rowse. 
J. H. Blackwall. 
J. Dymond. 
W. Blake. 
J. A. Dobson. 
J. Warne. 
F. J. H. Coles. 
H. W. Kelly. 
D. Watkins. 
B. A. A. Batt. 



eaiiingfon United mZeiHodist Circuit 

List of Ministers since its division from Liskeard in 1879. 



1879-82 Rev. J. Needham. 
82-84 ,, R. J. Edwards. 

84-86 ,, J. E. Hacking. 

86-88 ,, R. Percival. 



1888-89 
89-93 
93-97 
97-01 



Rve. W. C. Hope. 
,, J. Needham. 
,, E. Orme. 
,, T. Casely. 



3or aiminds of ^ 



Statioiierp ana Fancp Goods, 



GO TO 



J. VE NNING, O 



-^ Post Office, Callington. 



134 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 




VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



135 



JABEZ BUCKINGHAM, 

(Established i8i6), 

Millwright & Agricultural Mechanic, 

Inventor and Manufacturer of Royal Cornwall Prize Medal 

1-ROf MAEEfi» m mm ma drill. 




^jnfc... .im> ..Ok. ^m. ^«k. ^«i>. .««>■ ^at^ ,«>■ 



WATER WHEELS, HORSE GEARS, 

SINGLE BLAST THRESHING MACHINES, for 
Water, Horse or Steam Power. 

CENTRIFUGAL and other SILK FLOUR DRESSING 

MACHINERY, 

ELEVATORS AND CONVEYORS FOR CORN OR MEAL 

CjbKN Grinding Mills For ^Farmers. 

Plans and Bltimates prepared on application for all descriptions of Agricul- 
V M tural and Mill MachineryT~l|"* 

Works : — 

CeiDarne, DortftDill, Cajincestoii. 



186 venniwg's postal directory; 

Chubb's Teniperance Hot^l, Callington. 

One minute's walk from the Town. 

Commercial Gentlemen, Tourists, Cyclists, and the General Public will find 

every accommodation at this Hotel. Quarters C. T. C. 

-*^1- GOOD STABLINQ. -1=^^ 

Teas, Picnic Parties and Dinner Parties catered for. 

eXsX MODERATE CHARQES. K&Ks 

The Hotel is detached and commands a splendid vieiv over the surrotmding country. 

Use of Large Field foh Sports, &c. 

JAMES CHUBB, PROPRIETOR. 
Coaches to and from Saltash pass the door. 

R. J. BUCKINGHAM, 

CoacDt SDocitia ^ eeneral SmitDerp 

NEWPORT IRON WORKS, 
^ CALLINGTON. 

F. W. SQUIRES, 
S'fie Saitasfi 6oacfi factory, 

(9 G) 

-Hs 90, Fore Street, SA L TA SH. 



All descriptions of Carriage Work. Estimates free on application 
A large Stock of Carriage Lamps from 10/- to SO/- per pair. 

India-Rubber Brake Blocks, Whip Sockets, and all Carriage 
requisites at lowest prices. 

Carriages Repaired, Repainted, and New Lined on the 
most reasonable terms. 

Light Spring Waggons and Market Carts a Speciality . 



SALTASH M.P.'S 137 



Members of Parliament for Saltash, 

From 1st Return i;-i 1552 to 1832. 

KING EDWARD VI. 

1552 Geo. Kekewich, of Catchfrench, Edw. Saunders, Chief 
Baron of Exchequer, related to Carews. 

QUEEN MARY. 

1553 Humphrey Cavell and Ohver Beckett. 
5 T. NewelL 

7 Thomas Wihiams, of Stowford, Speaker of the House of 

Commons, son-in-law of Mr. Buller, of Shillingham; and 
Francis Yuxley. 

QUEEN ELIZABETH. 
62 Thomas Carew and James Dalton. 
70 James Dalton and T. Page. 
I „ and W. Page. 

84 William Carew and Professor William Clerke. 

5 John Acland, and George Carew— 3 times Master in 

Chancery, Ambassador to France, 

8 Jerome Horsey and George Garth. 
92 H. Michel and R. Leeche. 

6 Gregory Donhoult, Master in Chancery, & E. Winne. 
i6oo Sir Robert Crosse, friend of Raleigh, and Alexander Nevili, 

the Poet. 

JAMES I. 
3 Sir Peter Manwoode, Chief Baron of Exchequer, Thomas 
Wyvell, Esq., of Wyvelscombe. 

7 Sir Robert Phillips, & Randall Crewe, Speaker House of 

Commons. 
20 Sir Thos. Trevor, legal adviser to Prince of Wales, and 
Sir Thos. Smith, Ambassador. 
3 Sir Thos. Trevor and F. Buller, (Shillingham.) 
CHARLES I. 

5 Sir Richard Buller and F. Buller. 

6 „ „ „ Sir John Hay ward. 

7 Sir Francis Collington, K.B., and Sir Richard Buller. 
(G. Buller, Esq., and F. Buller, 

^° I Francis Pengelly and J. Thynne. 
I Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, the historian, \yhose 

daughter married King James II ; and Alderman Henry 

Wills, of Saltash. 

The Long Parliament COMMONWEALTH. 
60 John Buller, Esq., and Edmund Prideaux. 



138 venning's postal directory. 

CHARLES ir. 
1679 F. Buller and J. Buller. 

79 Hon. Bernard Grenville, (son of Earl of Bath,) and 

Nicholas Courtney, Attorney Genl. Duchy of Cornwall. 
(Double return.) 

80 Sir John Davie, of Creedy, and William Jennens. 

•JAMES n. 
5 Sir Cyril Wyche, married Granville's sister, and died 
worth /'ioo,ooo, and Edmund Waller, the Poet, then 
80 years of age. 

WILLIAM & MARY. 
8g Hon B. Grenviile, and John Warden. 

WILLIAM HI. 
95 F. Buller. and Walter Moyle, of Bake. 
8 J. Morris, and Narcissus Luttrell. 
1700 Jas. Buller, and Alexander Pendarves. 

1 ,, and Thos. Carew. 

QUEEN ANNE. 

3 Thos. Carew and B. Buller, after decease of latter John 

Carew. 
10 Sir Cholmley Bering Bart and Sir Wm. Carew Bt. 

13 Wm. Shippen, rich Jacobite, and Jonathan Elford. 

GEORGE I. 

14 S. Calmady, and J. F. Buller. 

22 Edw. Hughes, Judge adv. Gen., and Thos. Swanton, 
Controller of the Navy. 

GEORGE II. 

8 E. Hughes and Viscount Glenorchy, Lord of the 

Admiralty. 
34 Philip Lord and Viscount Glenorchy. 
40 John Cleveland and Stamp Brookshank. an influential 

Nonconformist and Director of Bank of England. 

4 S. Brookshank and Thos. Corbett. 

51 Admiral Lord Rodney and S. Brookshank, Lord Dun- 
cannon (Lord of Treasury) and Admiral Clinton. 

GEORGE III. 

61 Hon. Augustus John Hervey and S. Adams. 
71 Hon. M. B. Hawke and Thos. Bradshaw, Secretary to 
Treasury. 

2 Grey Cooper and Thos. Bradshaw, also Mayor of Saltash 
4 „ and Sir Chas. Whitworth, Chairman Com- 
mittees House of Commons, 



M.P S. AND MAYORS OF SALTASH 



139 



1776 

80 

5 

7 

8 

92 

8 

1807 

9 
10 

3 

8 

20 

13 
16 



31 
2 



Grey Cooper, Secretary to Treasur}^ & Paul Wentworth; 

overcame Bullers to the delight of the King. 
Sir Grey Cooper and Rt. Hon, Charles Jeukinson. 
C. Amble, (Attorney General,) and Charles Jenkinson. 
Earl of Mornington and C. Ambler. 
C. Ambler and Major J. Lemon. 
Edward Bearcroft and Hon. Viscount Garhes, 
Lord Macdonald and C. Smith. 
Wm. Hy. Freemantle and R. Neville. 
Matthew Russell and A. Champernowne. 

,, and R. Deverell (both unseated). 

„ and M. G. Prendergast. 

,, and J. Blair. 

GEORGE IV. 

Matt. Russell and John Herring. 

Henry Monteith and Andrew Spottiswoode. 

Major General Colin M'caulay and Earl of Darlington. 

WILLIAM IV. 
John Gregson and Mr. Crampton, Irish Solicitor General. 
Frederick Villiers, and Bethel VValrond Esqrs. 

[Compiled by P. E. B. Porter, Mayor, Dec. 1892. 



BOROUGH OF SALTASH. 
£isi of mtayors from 1552 io 1900. 



i6th CENTURY. 
1552-3 Peter Crysling, signed 
return for first two M.P's 
for Saltash. 

QUEEN MARY. 
1553-4 Edmund Ruth. 

QUEEN ELIZABETH. 

John Cosen. 
John Herring. 
Henr}^ Cloberie. 
Wm. Logar. 
John Wills. 
Simon Glanfelde. 



1560 
I 

72 

3-79 
5 
84 

Elizabethan Charter. 
1585 Anthony Lampen. 

6 Anthony Glubb. 

7 Henry Cloberie, 



1588 John Porter, the John 
Trelawny "Frigate" 
fitted out and sent 
against the Armada. 

JAMES I. T7th Century. 
1597 Edmund Dowicke 
1606-7 John Stronge. 

8 Arthur Pomerye. 
16 Rev. Wm. Beile. 

9 Henry Martin. 

20 Henry Cloberie. 7 
1-3 Edmund Herring. ) 
Initials on the old Silver 
Oar Maces. 

CHARLES I. 
1625 John Randle. 
6 Wm. Wills. 



1-iO 



vrnning's postal directory. 



SALT ASH MAYORS— continued. 



1628 

9 

34 

9 

40 

I 

2 

3 
6 

1647 
9 

THE 

52 
4 
5 

8 

9 

1660 

75-7 
8 



80 
I 

83 

85 
8 

89 

98 

9 

1701 

1703 
5 



Han-}^ Martin, 
Bartlett. 
Wm. Wills. 
Henry Wills. 
Philip Haling. 
Joachim Cooke. 
Ambrose Furlong. 
Nicholas Wadham. 
John Radford. 
Christopher Reade. 
Edmund Herring, Jun. 

COMMONWEALTH. 

Wm. Crocker, Junr. 
Christopher Reade. 
Edmund Herring, Jun 
Stephen Eusties. 
Christopher Reade. 

CHARLES H. 

Aldmn.H. Wills, M.A. 
Nicholas Tyacke 
William Kelway 
Wm. Stephens and 
Rd. Skelton, (Dispute 
both a(5ted as Mayors) 
Andrew Willoughby 
John Gaude 

NEW CHARTER. 
Nicholas Tyacke 

JAMES n. 
John Gaude 
Matthew Veale 

WILLIAM & MARY. 
Joseph Huncking 
Matthew Veale 
Edmund Herring 

i8th CENTURY. 
Anthony Preston 

QUEEN ANNE. 
John Ford. Jun. 
Christopher Hill 



1707 
8-9 
11-12 

13 



15 
16 



ig-20 
21 



3 
4 
5 
6 

7 

28 
9 

30 
I 

2 

38 

48 

9 

51 

2 

4 

67 

8 

9 

71 
2 



73 

4 

5 
6 

7 

8 



John Ford 
Edward Leane 
John Ford, Jun. 
John Hickes 

GEORGE I. 

Nathaniel Swetenam 
J. Ford, Jun., ele(5ted, 
but declined to acft, 
and was fined. 
Matthew Veale 
Edward Leane 
Christopher Hill 
John Hickes 
Edward Leane 
Christopher Hill 
Sep 21. John Hickes 
Edward Leane 
GEORGE IL 
Nathaniel Swetenam 
John Ford 

Capt. J.Wynell, R.N. 
Christopher Hill 
Edward Webb 
Capt. J. Wynell, R.N. 
John Trevanion 
Edward Webb 
Joseph Swetenam 
Edmund Herring 
Joseph Swetenam 

GEORGE HI, 

Joseph Swetenam 
Sir F, Rogers, Bart. 
Robert Hicks 
John Hill 
Richard Williams 

NEW CHARTER, 

Thos. Bradshaw, M.P. 
Sep 17. Robert Hicks 
,, 21. John Jenner 
,, 20. Edward Hawkins 

James Luce 

Nicholas Mill 



MAYORS 



141 





SALTISH MAYORS— continued. 


1779 


Robert Hicks 


1825 


James Buller 


80 


John Jenner 


6 


John Evans, R.N. 


I 


Edward Hawkins 


7-8 


James Buller 


2 


Lieut. C. Colton, R.N. 


29-30 


John Evans, R.N. 


3 


Nicholas Mill 




WILLIAM IV. 


4 

5 
6 

7 


Rev. W. T. Barlow 
Robert Hicks 
Lieut. C. Colton, E.N. 
J. Salt WyneU Mayow. 


1831-3 

34 
36 


John Evans, R.N. 
George Wm. Buller 
Rev. J. C. Grylls, M.A 


8 


Rev. Wm. T. Barlow. 




QUEEN VICTORIA. 


9 


Robert Hicks. 


1837 


Major Isaac Toby, 


90 


Lieut. C. Colton, R.N. 




(Royal Marines) 




(Died 1790). 


37 


Simeon Palmer 


I - 


Jan 24. Rev. W. T. Barlow 


8 


William W^armington 


I 


Gen. Nicholas Nepean 


39-41 


Adml. T. Sanders, RN 


2 


Edward Hawkins. 


42 


Rev. W Hawks, LLB 


3 


Stephen Drewe. 


3 


Simeon Palmer 


4 


Rev. W. T. Barlow. 


4-5 


Lieut. Hutchison, R.N 


5 


J. Buller, Shillingham 


6 


Major Isaac Toby 


6 


Stephen Drewe. 


7 


William Hutchison 


7 


Rev. W. T. Barlow. 


8 


Major E. Herring 


8 


John Buller. 


9 


Lieut. Hutchison, RN 


9 


Stephen Drew^e, 19th 


50 


Major E. Herring 




Century. 


J 


Lieut. Hutchison, RN 


1800 


Rev. W'.T. Barlow. 


52-5 


William Rundle 


I 


James Buller. 


5G-61 


John Cook, R.N. 


2 


John Buller. 


62-3 


John Wilcocks 


3 


James Buller. 


64-8 


John H. Cook, R.N. 


4 


JjhnCleaveland,M.P. 


69-70 


W'illiam Rundle 


4 


John Buller 


71 


John L. Clark, m.r.c.s 


5 


James Buller 


2 


W^m. E. Brooking 


6 


A Mandamus Issued 


3 


W'illiam Rundle 


7 


John Buller 


4-5 


John Martyn 


8 


Capt. P. Spicer, R.N. 


6-7 


Aid. Wm. Shaddock 


1809- 


14 James Buller 


8-9 


John L. Clark, m.r.c.s 


15 


John Evans, R.N. 


80-1 


Aid. William Gilbert 


16- 


19 Js. Buller, Shilingham 


2-4 


Aid. William Hawk. 




GEORGE IV. 


5 


„ Wm. Shaddock 


1820 


John Evans, R.N. 




NEW CHARTER. 


I 


James Buller 


1886 Apr. 9. Aid. Wm. Gilberi- 


2 


John Evans, R.N. 


6-7 


Nov 9. Coun. G. Adams 


3 


James Buller 




(Vi(florian Jubilee) 


4 


John Evans, R.N. 


8 


Aid. Wni. Shaddock 



142 venning's postal directory. 



SALT ASH MAYORS continued. 



1889-90 ,, Wm. Dusting, 
(Mayoral Chain presented) 
91 Aid. Wm. Shaddock 
(Ferry taken in hand) 
2 Aid. P. E. B. Porter 

(Adit Water Supply completed.) 



1893 Aid G.Adams, J P. 

4-5 „ R. C. Revell 

5-6 Aid. Wm. Dusting 

7-8 Coun. R. T. Meadows 

9 ,, Fred A. Rawling 

1900 ,, Roderick Porter 



J. VENNING, 




(^ 



zz- 



l»ac!)me Printer, Stationer, 



Bookseller, Bookbinder, - 
Paper Bag, UIDolesale and 



Retail paper Dealer, 



AND GENERAL 



CALLINGTON. 



COUNCILLORS 143 

I .^ 

COTJl^T^ OOTJ-N■CIXJXJOT^S, ISOl- 
' Altarnun, Northhill, Lewannick — J. Rawling, Southpetherwin 
Callington, St. Dominick, St. Ive & South-hill— J. W. Lawry. 
Calstock — Moses Bawden, Tavistock. 

St. Germans, Landrake, Plllaton, Quethiock and St. 
Melllon — R. E. Paige, Treboul, St. Germans. 
, Li n kin home & St. Clear — N. Coad, Pengelly, Linkinhorne. 
! Sheviock— \V. Boger. 

Saltash, St. Stephens, Landulph and Botusfleming — 

G. Adams, Saltash. 
Stokeclimsland and Lezant— S. P. Rattenbury, Polhilsa, 
Callington, 

Aldermen— D. Collins, Newton Ferrers, Callington; J. W. 
Dingle, Darle}^, Linkinhorne ; W. Hawk, St. Mellion. 

JOXSTJEIXCT COTJIsrCILXjOieS, 1901. 
Altarnun— W. Curtice, J. Couch, R. Pearse. & T. Jasper. 
Botusfleming — M. Loam. 

Callington — J.Brendon. W.Goodman, G. Ryder & R. H. Veall. 
Calstock— R. Bowhay, T. T. Bowhay, J. Glanvill, J. D. Paul, 

N. R. Rosckilly, & E. B. Stephens. 
St. Dominick — Rev. C. Square, and Edwin Vosper. 
St. Germans — R. Banbury, G. H. Brenton, L Couch, R. Oliver 

and R. E. Paige. 
St. Ive— G. Harris, W. D. Harris, and R. May. 
Landrake — S. M. Davey and Geo. Stead. 
I Landulph — Rev. S. Gregory, and J. Spear. 
Lewannick — J. B. Cock, and T. D. Gillbard. 
Lezant — W. Gillbard, R. Evans, and J. S. Tregoning. 
Linkinhorne — W. Maddever, H. E. L. Pearse, R. Pearce, and 

jas. Sargent. 
St. Meilion — Thomas Rickard. 
North-hill— J. Budge, R. Ough, and F. R. Rodd. 
Pillaton — W. Tamblyn, and Jas. Tucker. 
Quethiock— J. U. Andrew and T. Vosper. 
St. Stephens-by-Saitash — W. Nancarrow, W. Smith, and 

J. C. Wood. 
Saltash— J. Cock, and H. Roseveare. 
South-hiil— Jas. Uavey, and B. C. Wills. 
Stokeclimsland— W. H. Nattle, J. Lyne, S. P. Rattenbury, 

and O. Kyall. 



144 venning's postal directory. 

PARISH eOUNCILLORS, 1901. 

Altarnun — Jas, Climo, Chairman and Clerk; J. Bath, William 
H. Harris, Georg ; Holman, W. Mutton, S. Pearn, W. 
Pearn, Wm. Rnlv,-, Robert Sandercock, C. Tripp, and 
George Vosper. 

Callington — George Body, J. P. Blight, G. D. Brendon, Dr. H. 
Davis, Dr. H. Davis, Jun, John Furze, George Hawke, 
Thos. Hicks, Geo, Ryder, Geo. Treweek, H. Wright, Jun. 

CalStOCk — Wm. Hy. Blake, F. G. Luscombe, Alfred Preston, 

Geo. Vosper, Frederick Kelly, Thomas Lavis, J. E. Morgan, 

James Pote, Francis Geo. Rickard, Fredk. Williams, Wm, 

- Burnman, Martin Grylls, Joseph Martin, John Spear. 

WiUiam Henry White. Clerk— J. G. Wakem. 

St. DominiCk — J. Cundy, Francis Bennett, Rd. Bennett, 
T. Friendship, T. Martin, F. H. Mynard, W. Sleeman, 
Rev. C. Square, Edwin Vosper, Thomas Vosper. 

St. Germans — R. Banbury, G. H. Brenton, E, Bartlc t. 
J. Couch, P. B. Govett, H. Kendall, W. H. Michell, 
R. Oliver, C. H. Paul, T. Peters, W. Paige, G. Salter, 
W. Stantan. 

St. Ive-R. Bennett, H. Carpenter, W. H. Drew, T. Grose, G. J. 
Harris, J. Harris, W. Mutton, C. Roseveare, G. Sargent, 
F. Seymour, S. Sleeman. 

Landrake— T. v. Blake, S. Brown, I. Garland, E. Menhinnick 
J. C. Churchward, T. Pearce, Jos. Perkins, Joshua Perkins, 
Wm. Tamblyn, Wm. Thomas. 

Landulph— John Roberts, J. Spear, J. Braund, T. Spry, A. 
Richards, W. Evans, J. Brooking. 

L.ewannick— W. C. Martyn, (Chairman,) W. Atkins, I. Inch, 
C. Jenkin, J. Parsons, J. Paynter, T. Popplestone, W. 
Prideaux, J. Stephens, J. B. Cocks. 

Lezant— F. Raddall, A. Fry, B. Bray, W. Budge, J. Blake, A. 
Wise, T. Gregory, R. Gregory, J. G. Treise, W. Gillbard. 

Linkinhorne— J. Chapman, J. Wihiams, J. Davey, R. D, 
Hobb.s, R. Philp, E. Foot, P. Burnaford, ]. Sargent, Dr. J. 
W. Gill, R. Bartlett Martin, M. Gourd, I. Pomroy, R. 
Pethick. 

North-hill— E. W^illcocks, W. Lea, W. Palmer, J. H. Mitchell, 
Jun, A Coad, J. Dingle, F, Davey, C. Bennett, Jabez 
Buckingham. 



COUNCILLORS — RECTORS, &C. 



145 



PARISH COUNCILLORS— coutinued, 
Pillaton— Wm. Cloak, J. S. Drown, D. Fowell, John Herring, 

Geo. l.ucas, Wm. Pearce, Jas. Tucker. 
QuethiOCk--]. Wenmoth, H, Bennett. ]. James, F. 5. Rose- 

veare, J. Wills, T. Harris, Jas. Hawken. 
St. Stephens-by-Saltash— Bovvden, W. T. Nancarrow, Hodge, 

Brooking, Goodman, Deacon, W. Smith, Batten, Lang, 

Edgcumbe, Lamerton. 
South-hill— Jas. Stephens, Wallis Batten, Jas. Davey, Wm. 

Bennett, W. Stephens, J. Strike, J. Tancock, J. S. Ball, 

H. W. Rogers, Thos. Williams. 
StOkeclimsland— W. H. Colwill, P. Edwards, S. Eva, G. H. 

Gillbard, A. Henwood, C. Martin, J. J. Philp, O. Ryall. 

LIST OF RECTORS AND VICARS 

In the 20 parishes of this Directory as far as can be obtained from the 
Registers of the different Churches. 

N.B.— The dates given in succession are generally understood to mean 
when they were instituted, but in some cases the year is not known, and the 
date of removal, death, or burial is inserted. 

ALTARN UN.— Vicars. 



1613 Beard, Nathaniel 

Beard, Thomas 

1679 Ruddle, John 

99 Blackburn, Launcelot 

1717 Hatton, Joseph 

29 Kendall, fames 

32 Hurrell, Thomas 

43 Baker, Aaron 

BOTUSFLEM 

1662 Mar. 23. Sharpe, Methusala 
7707 ,, II. Pearce, Arthur 
21 ,, g. Hake, Henry 
32 May 25. Herring, William 
75 Dec. 10. Pearce, John 
93 Oa. 28. * Batt, William 
1801 Spettigue, E., Curate in charge 
9 F'letclier, F. K. 
II Sergeant, J. ,, 

16 Evans, J. 



1749 Amphlett, Joseph 

57 Trist, John 

76 Derisley, Thomas 

95 Booth, Livingstone 
1806 Hart, Samuel 

42 Tripp, Robert Henry 

76 Power, John 

87 Malan, Alfred Henry 

NG — Rectors. 

IH'il *Batt, William, Rector 
26 April 25. Spry, William 
44 ]any. i. Sweeting, Henry 
51 Vigor, William E. 
90 Marshall. Thomas Ansell 
97 Fulton, Thomas Eraser 
* During the period between 1793 
and 1824, the line of Kedors was 
broken, but in 1824 it was again re- 
sumed liy William Batt, Rector. 



CALLINGTON-with-SOUTH-H ILL— Rectors. 



1536 Parker, John 
1602 Nicholson, Ralph 
50 Colores, Thomas 
8g James, — Rector. Thomas 
Trenick, Curate. 
1695 Trelawny, P'dward 
1727 Trelawny, Hele, d.d, also redor 
of Lanreath 



42 Yeo, John 

65 Derisley, Thomas 

96 Barlow, 

1802 Trefusis, John, d.d , also redlor 
of St. Columb 
41 Rice, Horatic Morgan, died 1863 
64 Thornton, Francis Vansittart 
87 Shaw, John 



146 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



CALSTOCK— Rectors. 



1536 Stanley, Thomas 
1645 Deeble, Nicholas 
77 Bonhome, Joshua 
97 Blackburn, Lancelot 
1748 Richards, Nicholas 



1773 Coles, John 

96 Morshead, Edward 

Pembtrton, 

1854 Batchelor, Frederick 

65 Hullah, Thomas 



St. DOMINICK-Rectors. 



1263 May 18. Nicholas 

1310 Sep. 3. Sir W. Bodeckysham 

97 Dec. 19 John Ernam resigned 

97 Roger Waterman 

1418 Thomas Cowling 

There is no entry on the Ecclesiastical 
Registers for more than 100 years. 
1536 Traves, Laurence 
1635 Geoffry, Charles Fitz 

36 Fitz-geffriyes, John 

71 Sharsell, Nicholas 



1684 Wills, Thomas 
1700 Stone, Richard 

03 Trewinnard, James 

15 Clark, Joseph 

52 Horndon, Thos,, died Jan 8, 1800 
1800 Morshead, Edward 

03 Clarke, John 

35 Bazeley, Francis Ley, removed 
to Bideford as Reftor, 185.3 

53 Buck, Richard Hugh Keats 
94 Square, Cecil 



St. GERMANS— Bishops, Priors and Vicars. 

In this Church the following Bishops presided over the Diocese of Corn- 
wall, styled Bishops of St. Germans, who continued here till near 30 years 
before William the Conqueror's time, when the See was removed to Exeter, 
and the Diocese of Devon and Cornwall united. No dates are given when they 
occupied the Bishopric, except Conan who is said to have been appointed 
Bishop of St. Germans, on Dec. 5th, 936. 

St. Patroc Ruidocus Athelstan Woronus Aldredus 

Athelstan Aldredus Conan Wolocus Burwoldus 

Conanus Britwirus Wolfi Stidio Brithwold 

Brithwold is said to have been the last Bishop of St. Germans, and on 
his death the see of Cornwall was united by King Canute between 1017-1035 to 
that of Devon, in 1he person cf Livingus who sat at Credilon, Leofric succeeded 
Livingus, as Bishop of Devon and Cornwall. Edward the Confessor, with the 
approbation of Pope Leo IX. translated the See from Crediton to Exeter, and 
alterwards, Leofric founded at St. Germans a priory of canons regular, in the 
room of secular canons, and the patronage of the house with its custody on the 
death of a prior, was absolutely vested in the Bishop of Exeter and his 
successors. This was confirmed by letters patent of Richard II, Odt. loth, 1383. 



PRIORS. 

William, in the reign of Henry II 
Ralph before the end of 12th Century 

1202 July 8. Angerius 
Godfrey 
Richard 
75 Mar, 16. fiaufridus de Sancto 
Germano 
1315 Aug, 31. Henry 
41 Sep 20. Colyn, John 
55 Polgoner, Richd., Aug. 10 
73 Precheur, John 
73 Treskelly,^ William 



1385 Nov, 4 Harepath, Richard 
1404 Sep. 8. Aneray, John 
1404 Sep. 23. Pyper, John 
24 Feb. 19. Haukyn, John 
34 May. 29. Kylkeham, John* 
62 June 28. William 
:8o-9 Feb. 28. Searle, John 
1509 Mar. 26. Swimmer, Robert, 
last prior. 



the 



*This prior consented for himself 
and convent, that the curacy chapel ot 
S Mary at Callington, should be al- 
lowed a distinct cemetery. 



RECTORS--VICARS. 



147 



ST, GERMANS VICARS. 
1775 Penwarne, Thos., Vicar nearly 
50 years, also Redlor of 
Jacobstovv, died in 1822 

St. IVE- 

1536 Allcoke, William 
1639 Fotherby, Charles 

77 Trelawny. 

89 Tindall,' 

92 Holden, 



1706 Bagwell, — 
25 Thorne. — 
40 Richards, - 



1822-8 Glanville, John, resigned for 

Jacobstow 
1828 Sep. 16. Furneaux, Tobias 
1890 Westmacott, Walter 

Rectors. 

42 Saltren, Thomas 
54 Lyne, John 

91 Jones, 

1806 Jope, J., M.A,, died 1844 age 92 
44 Hobhouse, Reginald 

95 Marriner, Francis J. 

96 Coar, Charles John 



LANDRAKE— Vicars. 



1536 Sprye, Wm. 
1761 Keigwin, John, 
died 1 76 1. 
82 Lane, Thomas 



Rector 29 years 



1802 Cory, Wymond, presented 
20 Feb. 15, Ley, T. H. 
66 May 15. Barnicot, H. L., A 
93 Behenna, Frances J. 

LAN DULPH — Rectors. 



M. 



1266 Jordan de P.yn, on presentation 
of Sir Herbert de Pin or Pyne, 
of Upton Pine, Devon 
80 Jordan de Spineto was insti- 
tuted Rector. 
1 31 1 Sir Reginald-Priest, occurs as 
Rector of Landhylp. 
33 Dawney, Sir William 
49 Dawney, Sir John 
72 Courtenay, Sir Edv-.rd in whose 
family it remained till 1539- 
1536-71 Cruse, SirMatth-A- 
1619 Burt, Bezabel, po sibly some 
years before as register imperfect 
49 Amerideth, Edward, drowned in 
passing the river from Saltash, 
May 8th, 1661 
61 Hopton, M. buried 19 May, 1664 

LEWANN 

1536 Tyocke, Richard 
1661 .June 25 Prout, J. 
1702 March 14. Foster, Ely 
38 .July I. Turner, John 

52 May II. Edwards, John 

53 Oct. 24. Bedford, Charles 

87 Feb, 17. Carpenter, \V. D.l^. 



1664 Harding, R. buried 16 Aug i883 

83 Oct. I. Brookes, Job 
1720 Feb. 13. Harris, John 

35 Mar. 6. Snow, John, Canon of 

E.xeter Cathedral 
56 June 2ist. Bishop, John 
67 May 20. Bedford, J. also Hector 

of Werrington, died in 1781 
87 Nov. 20. Lethbridge, C. (died) 
Rector of Stokeclimsland, in 
1840 
1S05 May 31. Jago, A. F. V. 
47 Feb. 5. Seymour, Wm. 
71 Smith, S. died March 5th, igor 
1901 Gregory, Rev. S. appointed. 
Rector on the death of S. Smith 
in March last 



I CK— Vicars. 

I 1797 Aug. 19. Mangles. (ieor,'e 

j 18 IT Feb. 7. Morgon, Wm. Augustus 

I 22 Sep. 24. Archer, Samuel 

31 Mar. II. Coleridge, James Duke 

41 Core, A. H. The Honlite. 

44 Nov. 12. Archer, C. il 

99 Bennetts, Thomas 



LEZANT- Rectors. 



1536 Sothornc, Thomas 

Snell, iVrthur 

1670 Snell T., died 1670, Rector 30 
years 



I 1729 Austen, Henry, D.D. 

37 Grant, J. Canon of Exeter. 

Prime, .A., D.D.33yrs. Rector. 
84 Mayson, P., M.A.. died ia 1784. 



148 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY', 



LEZANT— continued. 



1784 July 27, Mayson, Chas., D.D. 
succeeded his father 1784, died 
1815, Jan. 14. 

1815 Johnes, T., Archdeacon Barn- 
staple, succeeded in 1815. 
38 Paul, J., D.D. Canon of Christ 
Church. 



1847 Carey, W. Sherlock, died 1847 
47 May 29. Phillpotts, Ed. Copp- 

leston, son to the Bishop, died 

in 1866 
66 Feb. 26. Bastard, W. PoUexfen 
96 Townend, Canon Edward 



1536 Lacke, John 

1608 Wodenote, Thomas 

19 Wodenote, Theophilus 

63 Pyne, 

89 Becket, ■ 

171 1 Dell, 



LI N KIN HORN E— Vicars. 

1780 Coffin, J. Vicar for 53 years 
1833 May 13. Kempe E. M., Vicar for 
50 years, 
84 Watts, WiUiam 
84 Poland. William H. 
93 Hichens, Baron H. P. 
1897 Bosanquet, Claude C. C. 



24 Pyne, F. died July 22, 1724. 

25 June 24. Jefi'ery, G., Vicar 
for 56 years. 

It will be observed that 3 jVicars in succession held the Vicarage of this 
parish for a united period of lot) years, viz : from 1725 to 1884. 

NORTH-HILL— Rectors. 



1532 Apl. 10. Chard, Thomas 
1664 Dec. 21. Darley, Jonathan 
1700 June 29. Darley, John 

9 May 30. Porthbury, George 
14 Oct. 7. Church, Peter 
17 July 22. Roberts, John 
48 Oct. 28. Trevillian, James 



1767 June 3. Rowe, Thomas. 

72 ,, 27. Brutton, John Veryard 

1821 May 31. Plummer, Geo. Thomas 
28 Nov. 27. Trelawny, Edmund 
32 Apl. 30. Rodd, Charles 
85 Mar. 25. Willing, Theophilus 



St. MELLION— Rectors. 



1536 Hallse, Richard 

1625 Salter, Thomas, died this date 
38 Dix, Thomas, died 1639 
38 Jan. 2. Randall, M. moved 1648 
53 Lydstone, John died 1663 or 71. 
74 Apl. Hoskyn, W. died 1(>95 
83 Oct. 2. Tonkin, William 
95 ,, 19. Pearce, D. died 1729 

1730 July 23. Jope, W. died 1773 
74 Feb. 28. Coryton, Dr. P. resnd. 

1835 Fortescue, G. died I835 

PILLATON 

1536 Bell, John 

1625 Ehot, Ralph, died I625, Rector 
50 years 
44 Feb. 18. Howell, Walter 
86 Horwoll, Gualtoruis, d. June 2nd 
86 June 9. Herring, William 

1736 Beautord, William, died 1736 
36 May 31. Atkins, Tobias 
48 Apl. 27. White, John 
68 Oct. 15. Daubeny, William 



1836 Somerset, George H., appointed 

Rector S. Mabyn, 1841 
41 Oct, ig Coryton, Granville 

died 1876 
77 Thornton, Augustus, appointed 

1877, became Rector of Roche 

1885 
85 May, Fred. G. appomted 1885, 

Rector of Cardynham 1900 
1900 Wintle, Frederick Thomas 

— Rectors. 

1786 Jan. 27. Helyar, John 

96 Aug. 16. Andrews, E. W. R. 

99 Apl. 20. Gurney, Samuel 
I807 Jan. 19. Woollcombe, H. d. 1816 

16 Woollcombe, Henry. 

61 Fenwick, Charles Bisset 

74 White, John Eva. 

77 Polwhele, Edward, retired 

94 Hocking, Richard 



RECTORS V I CARS. 



149 



Rectors and Vicars of QUETHIOCK. 

" Lo I am ivith you alway 

PRESENTATIONS TO QUETHIOCK. 
Rectors. patrons. Instituted. 



Henry de Neweton. 


Stephen de Haccombe 


1317 


William de Vautort. 


do. Knt. 


18 


Vicars. 








Thomas Peticru. 


John de Grandison, Bishop of Exon 


1344 


Henry Bonet. 


do. 


do. 


5 


John, Crispyn. 


do. 


do. 


6 


Henry de Sutton. 


do. 


do. 


8 


Richard Page. 


do, 


do. 


8 


Walter Baret. 


Thomas de Brandyngham do. 


81 


Simon Brita 


do. 


do. 


81 


John Rogger. 


Edward Stafford, 


do. 


99 


Michael Trewynnard, M.A. 


Edmund Lacy, 


do. 


1438 


John Trenerth. 


do. 


Bishop of Exeter 


44 


William Lowys. 


do. 


do. 


45 


Sir Robert Hoper. 


John Bothe, 


do. 


70 


William Richardson. 


Oliver King 


do. 


93 


Sir John Ady 


do. 


do. 


93 


Edward Gourgyn 


John Veysey, 


do. 


1.519 


Lawrence Traves 


do. 


do. 


29 


Gilbert Germyn 


William Alley 


do. 


66 


Humphry Trowbridge 


William Cotton, 


Bishop of Exon 


1613 


Halnath Arscott 


do. 


do. 


17 


Philip Quicke 


Dean and Chapter of Exeter 


17 


Richard Lynam, M,.\. 


Joseph Hal], 


Bishop of Exon 


27 


Nathaniel Rumberjov.e 


John (Jauden, 


Bishop of F-xeter 


60 


John Carpenter 


Anthony Sparrow 


, Bishop of Exon 


71 


John Tanton 


do. 


do. 


3 


Degory Serjeant 


Ofspring Blaekall, 


do. 


1712 


Daniel Baudris 


Stephen Weston, 


Bishop of Exeter 


25 


Edward Payne 


Nicholas Clagett, 


do. 


46 


Edward Morshead, M..\. 


George Lavington 


I, do. 


59 


Edward Morshead 


Reginald Courteuay 


Bishop of Exon 


1801 


John Kendall Fletcher, B.D. 


George Pelham, 


do. 


11 


John R. Fletcher, M.A., (62 years] 


) do. 


do. 


16 


William Willimott, M.A. 


Edward VV. Benson, Bishop of Truro 78 


Lionel Seymour Plowman 


G. H. Wilkinson, 


do. 


83 


Even unto the end of the world." 









N.B. — The above table of Rectors and Vicars of this parish was copied 
Irom a painted board 10 feel high, fixed in the Belfry of the Church. This 
Board is completely tilled, and there is no room whatever for the present 
Vicar, Rev. J. A. Wix, whose name is added by the publisher. 

J. Augustus Wix, iM.A. John Gott, D.D., Bishop of Truro 1899 



150 



venning's postal directory. 



St. STEPHENS-BY-SALTASH. 






Vicars 


Patkons 


Instituted. 


Andele, Richard de 


Edward II 


Dec. 31. 


1316 


Wendaire, J. de 


„ III 


Jan. 15. 


40 


Payne, Philip 


Dean and Canons of Windsor 


July 5. 


51 


Walleys, John 


do. 


Mar. 24. 


ol 


Drake, John 


do. 


Dec. 13 


90 


Crukern, John 


do. 


Mar. 30 


. 98 


Yonge, William 


do 


July 8. 


1408 


Exton, John 


do. 


Mar. 7. 


23 


Ude, John 


do. 


May. 23 


43 


Trethewey, Walter 


do. 


Sep. 12. 


98 


Gierke, Thomas. 


do. 


Dec. 12. 


1520 


Beale, Robert 


Francis Buller, Esq., lessee 


Jan. 8. 


1665 


Hancock, John 


Sir Walter Moyle Knt. ,, 


Nov. 31. 


8G 


Tanner, Geo 




„ 13 


92 


Hawkens, John 




Feb, 25. 


1705 


Mills, Peter 




Dec. 20. 


06 


Nielder, John 


John Buller lessee 


June 3. 


14 


Daddo, William 


Isaac Buller 


Apl. 1. 


40 


Harris, Stephen 


) 1 ?» 


Aug. 22. 


44 


Daddo. WiUiam 


James Buller ,, 


Feb. 13. 


53 


Trist, John A. M. 


11 )» 


NOV.T4, 


53 


Marshall, Thos 


Christopher Churchill lessee 


1. 12. 


73 


Lemon, Charles 




1, 10. 


85 


BuUer, John 




Mar. 4. 


1803 


Dawson, Isaac 




Apl. 11. 


15 


Edwards, Thomas Bennett 


T. Edwards, lessee 


^•ov. 12. 


33 


Briggs, Francis Brooking 


>' >' 


Mar. 14. 


40 


Manley, Orlando 


Dean and Canons of Windsor 


June 28. 


41 


*Polwhele, Edward 


j> )> )) 




53 


Noel, H. Anthony 


)> >> >> 




67 


Eraser, William 


)» t» »» 




82 


Bell, Edward 


11 11 11 


Aug. 26. 


92 



* Son of Rev. R. Polwhele, author of History of Cornwall ; removed 
to Pillaton as Rector in 1887 , where he resigned in 18g6, and now resides at 
Saltash. 

SOUTHHILL-with-CALLINGTON. 

1270 Haym, Master Adam 1695 Trelawney, Edward 



1308 Feraries, de John 

49 Eccleshale, de Richard 
54 Conke, Henry 

1410 *Dollebeare, Walter 
I536 Parker, John 
I602 Nicholson, Ralph 

50 Colores, Thomas 
I689 James, 



1727 Trelawney, Hele d.d. 
42 Yeo, John 
65 Derisley, Thomas, 
96 Barlow, 



1802 Trefusis, John, d.d. 
41 Rice, Horatio Morgan. 
64 Thornton, Francis Vansittart. 
87 Shaw, John. 
*No entry on the registers after this for over 100 years. 



RECTORS. 



151 



STOKECLIMSLAND. 

Patrons. Instituted. 

Richard, King of the Romans 1265 



Rectors. 

Matthew de Cellis 

John le Donru; 

John de Dunstaple 

John de J Jlancohsne 
Peter de Brompton 
Richard de Wolveston 
John de Gonamoncestre 
William Trenellus 
Ridph Diiclond 

Richard Prentys 
Walter Westney 
Nicholas Stoke 
Thomas Welyn 
AYilliam Prestwych 
Richard Selby 
John Knight 
Roger Keys 
*John Howell 
Francis Portinarius 



Thomas Palmer 



Richard Thorn 
Robert Rolle 

Ezekiel Hellyard 



John Bagwell 



Martin Day 
William Parker 
\Villian\ Pyke 
Nathaniel Crowe 
John Heron 
Samuel Trewbody 
Willoughby Stanbur}' 
Coplestoii Radcliffe 



Qn. Isabella, Consort of Ed II. 

The King being absent from the 1322 

^ Realm. 

Queen Isabella 23 

Edward the Black Piince. 51 

., .. 56 

62 



II. 



J Queen Anne, Consort of Rd. 
(The King being in Ireland. 
King Richard II. 

Henry Prince of Wales 

King Henry VI. 



King Henry VI. 



/ By virtue of a grant of the Pre- 
sentation that had be^n obtain- 
-! ed in the Reign of King Henry 
VIII the original & undoubted 

\ Patron. 



77 

93 

97 
g8 

99 

1436 

44 

52 

56 

1536 



52 

58 
74 

96 



(Christopher Mainwnring bv 
{grant from Queen I'llizabeth 
[Elizabeth Cotton fby reason 
•lof Letters Patent from King 1613 
(james I.) 

Charles Prince of Wales 
King Charles I. 
King Charles I. 
Wm. Ill and Queen Mary II. 
King William III. 
Fredei ick Lewis Prince of Wales 
King George 111. 
George Eredk. Prince of Wales 



23 

2<S 

44 
92 
1701 
40 
08 
82 



152 



VENNINGS POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



STOKECLIMSLAND Continued. 



Charles Lethbridge 
William Carwithen 
William Henry Spencer 
John Sedgwick 
Richard Henry Manley 



George Fredk. Prince of W'ales 

Queen Victoria 

Prince Albert 

Albert Edvv. Prince of Wales. 

Albert Edw. Prince of Wales 



1805 

72 
76 



*No entry occurs in the Episcopal Registers of the See of Exeter of any 
admission to the Rectory of StokecHmsland for nbont a Century after the 
above date, but in an Ecclesiastical Survey of the iyiu^^se returned to the 
Crown by the Bishop, Francis Portinarius appears to have been Rector in 1536. 

SHEVIOCK— Rectors. 



153ti Davye, Owin 

1629 Arundel, Walter 44 years 

80 Rolle, R. 

93 Kendall, N. died 1739 
1741 Apl. 15. Deeble, S. died 1750 

51 Feb. 19. Sandford, John 

54 Jan. 21. Foot, Josias. 

82 Sep. 19. Pole, Edward 



96 June 22. Jeans, Joshua 
I806 Jan. 26. Yonge, Duke 

25 Pole, Reginald. 

45 Pole-Carew, Gerald 

45 June, 16. Somer.s-Cock, T. J. J. 

55 Glanville, Henry Carew 
1900 Pole-Carew, Gerald 



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POST OFFICE, FORE STREET, CALLINGTON, 



ministers; 



153 



£is{ of 2i)esleyan Dfiimsiers 

Who have laboured in the LISKEARD CIRCUIT, (separated from L«nnccston 
in iSog,) which included Callin^ton distrid, up to the time the latter was made 
a separate Circuit with Saltash in 1840. 



1809 John Davis, John Bryant. 

10 ,, William Sleep. 

11 John Woodrow, William Sleep. 

12 ,, William Sleigh, 
Thomas H. Squance. 

13 Joseph Burgess, John Worden, 
P. Orchard 

14 W. P. Burgess, John V/ordeu 
William P. Burge.es. 

15 William Jenkins, B. Carvosso, 
Thomas Chamberlain. 

l(i James Heaton, Charles Colwill, 
Oliver Henwood. 

17 James Heaton, William Jewett, 
John Smith 

18 J. Sumner, J. Aldom, E. Sumner 

19 John Sumner, Edward Jones, E. 
Sumner. 

1820-1821 Thomas Bersey, J. Wevill, 
Walter O. orogt'cn. 

2 Edward Milward, J. W. Cloake. 

3 John Coates, John W. Cloake. 

4 :, Jariies Sydserff. 

5 James Sydserff, llobert Mack, 
John Smith. 

6 Samuel Ward, K. ^.Iick, John 
Smith. 

7 Samuel Ward, W. Davies 

8 J. llobinson, William Davies, J. 
Avcrill. 

9 J. Koliinson, William Davies S. 
Noall. 

1830 William lladford, Moses Dunn, 
John Collier 
1 William lladford, Moses Dunn. 
32-33 T. Webb, J. Saunders. 
34-35 R. Shepherd, E. Thomas. 
36 W. Mowatt. C. Currelly. 
37-38 B. Carvosso, J. Grose, S. 
W. Christophers. 
9 B. Carvosso, J. Ryan, J. Osborn. 
1840 J. Ryan, 1. B. West. 

1 W. Worth, W. Quick. 

2 G. Southern, II. Hicks, 

3 „ J. Hu^ill. 

4 T. R. Jones, W. B. Pope. 
1845-1846 S. Beard, J. ISance. 

7 J. CuUen. P. Sharland. 
1848-1849 R. Moody, J. Locke, 
1850 R. Moody, E. Addison. 



18.")l-18o2 E. Branstou. E. Addison. 
1853-1855 B, Elvins, J. Hargreaves. 

6 W. WorkfT. W, Tarr. 

7 ,, B. Browne. 

8 S. Atkinson, B. Browne, A. D. 
Cope. 

9 S. Atkinson, B. Browne, R. 
Jenkin 

18G0-1861 J. B. Alexander, J. Banfield 
A. D. Cope. 

2 J. B. Alexander, J. Mack. A. 
Freeman. 

3 W. L. Wingell, J. Mack, A. 
Freeman. 

4 W. L. Wingell, J. Mack, J. E. 
Doubleday. 

5 W. L. Wingell, E. Barber, R. 
Webb. 

1866-1867 T. Richards, R. Allen, R. 

J. All irew. 
8 T. Richards, R Allen, H Watts. 
1869-1870 F. S. KeeUng, J. H. Slack, 

H. Watts. 
1871 G. Savery, W Hunt, A. Tucker. 

2 M. Gallienue, W. Hunt, J, B. 
Portrey. 

3 M. Gallienne, W. Hunt, S. F 
F. Balch. 

4 M. Gallienne, G. E. Startup, S. 
Balch. 

5 H, Holmes, G. E. Startup, C. 
Pickets. 

6 (t. E. Startup, C. Pickels. 
1877-1878 J Peters, J. Turner. 

79 D. Eva, J. Turner. 
1880-1882 D. G. Millard, J. Thompson 
1883-1885 H. Banks, J. Rhodes. 

86 G. E. Polinghorne, T. Rising 

87-88 ,, J. W. Brewer 

89 T. Walker Cook, 

90-91 ,, T. Fuller Bryant 

92 John Palmer, 

93-94 ,, Sebastian T. A. 

De La Mare 

95-97 Joshua Fielding, W. Hardy 
Chamings 

98-19C0 J T. Le Gros, J. li. Craw- 
shaw 



154 venning's postal directory. 

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MINISTERS COENISH LANGUAGE. 



155 



Wesleyan Jllmisters in iHe Saltasfi Circuit, 

From 1840 to 1846, Saltash being; the head of the Circuit during this period, 
when it was altered to and still is called the Callington Circuit- 

1815 J. Heape, J. S. Eidsdale. 



1840-1841 0. Henwood. B. Elvins. 
1842-184:-5 P. Clark, J. B. West. 
44 J, Heape, G. Hagen. 



46 J. Ryan, J. Eglinton. 
See list Callington Circuit 1847 to igoo. 



Wesleyan DTiinisters in iHe 3'avistocR Circuif, 

(Which included Gunnislake,) from the time it was separated from Launceston 
in i8og, until Gunnislake Circuit was formed in 1871. 



1809 J. Jordan ; W. Harrison, jun., 
Missionary. 

10 ]. Martin; E. Chapman, Miss- 
ionary. 

11 J. Martin, G. Lazenby. 

12 E. Shaw, J. Worden. 

13 ,, C. Hawthorne. 
1814-1815 J. Jones, T. Staton. 

16 W. Worth, J. Wade. 

17 J. Woodrow, J. Lysk, D. Osborne 
1818- L819 R. Shepherd, R. Mole. 

20- 21 W. Sleigh, J. Ash. 
22- 23 T. Eersey, J. Robinson. 
24- 25 N. Sibly, 0. Henwood. 
26- 27 J. Wevill, J. B. Whitting- 

ham. 
28- 29 C. Colwell, J. Wade. 
30- 31 J. Baker, W^ W. Rouch. 

32 J. Baker, C. Vibert. 

33 T. W. Smith, C. Vibert. 
34-1835 T. W. Smith, J. Armstrong 
36- 37 E. Thomas, H. Daniel. 

38 E. Thomas, J. Godden. 

39 T. Payne, J. Godden. 

40 ,, P. Clark. 

41 W. Beckwith, P. Clark. 



42-1843 0. Hpnwood. J. Allin. 
44- 45 W. Hill, }. Mann. 
46 W. Hill, H. Hicks. 
47-1848 H. Hicks, J. B. West. 
49- 50 J. Ryan, W. Way. 
51 J. Ryan, W. Hopkins. 
52-1853 J. Allin, T. R. Jones. 
54- 56 R. Colman, H. D. Lowe. 
57- 59 T. Jefferies, W. L. Wingell. 
60 W. S. Be?tall, E.Fison. 
61- 62 W. S. Bestall, R W. Broom- 
field. 

63 W. Parsonson, F. Friend. 

64 ,, „ R. P. 
Davey. 

65 W. Pirsonson, H, Dean, R. P. 
Davey. 

66-18K7 H. Dean, A. T. Hocking, 
S. F. Balch. 

68 W. Piggott, 0. Watkins, G. S 
Daniels. 

69 W. Piggott, W. D. Williams, J. 
B. Norton. 

70 J. B. Charles, W. D. Williams, 
J. B. Norton 

See list Gunnislake Circuit formed 1871. 



Pelics of the Cornish Language. 



One of the writers before the Cornish Langua<]je was extindl, 
was Hucarius of the abbey of St. Germans in 1040, who left no 
sermons, and was a holy and learned man. It is said that Dr, 
Moreman, of Menheniot, in the reij^n of Henrj' VIII was the 
first who taught his parishioners the Lord's Praj'er in English. 
In [640 at Feock, near Triiro, the sacrament was administen d in 
Cornish, and the Rev. i\Ir. Robinson preached near the Lizard 
Point, in Cornish, in 1678. In 1700 the language was still spoken 
by the tinners and fishermen of St. Just, 



156 venning's postal directory. 



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COENISH LANGUAGE. 157 



It is generally acknowledged by all historians that the last 
person who could speak the Cornish Language with fluency was 
Dolly Pentreath, who died in 1788, at the advanced age of 102 
years, and was buried in St. Paul's Churchyard, near Penzance ; 
and Mr. Thompson an Engineer of Truro who had made the old 
Cornish Language his study, wrote the following epitaph upon 
Dolly, which has been circulated far and wide, although not 
affixed to her tombstone, hence the tale of a tombstone that never 
honoured her remains : — 

" Old Doll Pentreath, one hundred aged and two, 
Deceased and buried in Paul parish too ! — 
Not in the church, with people great and high, 
But in the Churchyard, doth old Dolly lie ". 

In the Cornish Language it is as follows :— 
" Coth Doll Pentreath can's ha deau, 
Marow ha kledz ed Paul pleu ! — 
Na ed an Eglos, gan probel bras 
Bes ed Eglos-hay, coth Dolly es." 

The following extra(51:s giving quotations of the old Cornish 
and English Tongue, are taken from "The Church in Cornwall" 
a Magazine that is not now published: — 

" In Englande, and under ye dominion of Englad, be many 
sondry speches beside Englyshe, There is French used in Englad, 
specially at Calys, Gersey, and Jersey. In Englande the Walshe 
tongue is in Wales. The Cornyshe tongue in Cornwall, and 
Iryshe in Irlande. and Frenche is in the Englysshe pale. There 
is also the northern tongue, the whyche is trew Schotysshe, and 
the Scottes tongue is the northe tongue. 

•' The appendex to the fyrst chapter treatinge of Cornewall 
and Cornyshe men. 

" Iche cham a Cornyshe man, al che can brew, 

It will make one to hake, also to spew. 
It is dyche and smoky, and also it is dyn, 

It is lykd wash, as pygges had wrastled dryn. 
Iche cannot brew, nor dresse fiesh, nor vyshe ; 

Many \olke do segge, I mar many a good dishe. 

For my bedener wyl to London, to try the saw. 
To sew tre poll pen, for waggyng of a straw. 

Now gosse farewell yche can no lenger abybe, 

Iche must our to the ale-howse at the yender syde. 

And now come myd (wyd ?) me gosse, I thee pray. 
And let us make merry, as longe as we may." 

" Cornwal is a pore and very barre countrey of all maner thing, 

except Tyn and Fysshe. There meate and theyr bread and 

drincke is marde and spylt for lacke of good ordring and dressinge. 

Vyrres and turues (turves) is their chief fewel. there ale is starke 

nought, lokinge whyte and thycke, as pygges had wrasteled in it, 



158 



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COENISH LANGUAGE. 



159 



smoky and ropye and never a good sope, in most places it is 
worse and worse, pitie it is them to curse, for wagginge of a straw 
they wyl go to law, and al not worth a hawe, playinge so the 
davve. In Cornwal is two speches, the one is naughty englishe, 
and the other is Cornyshe speche. And there be many men and 
women tlie which cannot speake one worde of Engylshe but all 
Cornyshe. Who so wyll speake any Cornyshe, Englyse and 
Cornyshe both folow : — 

" One, two, thre, four, fyve, six, seven, eyght, nyne. 
" Ouyn, dow, tray, peswar, pimp, whe, syth, eth naw. 

" Ten, elevyn, twelve, thertene, fortene, fyften. 

" Dec, unec, dower, tradeec, peswardeec, pympdeec. 

" Syxtene, seventine, eyghtyne, nyntyne, twenty. 
"Whedeec, sythdeec, ethdeec, nawdeec, igous. 

" Dne and twenty, two and twenty, three and twenty. 
" Ouyn war igous, dow war igous, tray war igous. 

" Four and twenty, &c, 

" Peswargous, and so forthe tyl you come to thyrty. 

" No Coryshe man dotlie nomber above xxx, and is named 
Deec warnegous And when they have told thyrty they do 
begyn again — one, two, and thre, and so forthe ; and when they 
have recounted to a hondred, they saye kans. And if they nom- 
ber to a thousand than thei say myle. 

The Rev. W. S. Lach-Szyrma says: The curious names of 
places and people which a stranger frequently meets in Cornwall 
are really relics of the ancient Cornish language, a language once 
spoken throughout the County and even in parts of Devonshire 
during the middle ages. This language was an ancient Celtic 
tongue more like to the Breton than any modern language. 

The Cornish numbers, as related to me by old persons in 
Newlyn and Mousehole, who learnt as children to " count in 
Cornish" ran thus:— 



I Un 


6 Wheth 


II Unjack 


16 Whethack 


2 Du 


7 Seith 


12 Dorthack 


17 Seithack 


3 Dri 


8 Eith 


13 Torthack 


18 Eithack 


4 Padzher 


9 Nan 


14 Peswarthack 


ig Naunjack 


5 Pemp 


10 Deig 


15 Pempthack 


20 Igans 



Some of the words still used in Cornwall are survivals of old 
Cornish, i.g. Bal for a mine, Huel for a mine or work, Padzhipow 
for a lizard, and many other names of animals, plants and trade 
terms. These will be found in books on the Cornish dialect e.g. 
Dr. Jago, Miss Courtney, and Mr. Tregellas. 



160 venning's postal directory. 

SIR RICHARD EDGCUMBE. 

Half way down the winding Tamar, 

In an oak-tree wood you'll find, 
The prettiest little Chapel, 

With a legend round it twin'd. 

Twas the year of fourteen eighty, 
When Cotehele was fair and young, 

That Rebels came around that way, 
In search of Sir Edgcumbe. 

Many days and nights, they sought him, 
And yet, still, he dodged their way, 

Then, hid within that little wood. 
Determined there to stay. 

One dusk eve, as he was hiding, 

He, quite suddenly did spy, 
That the Rebels crossed the river, 

And then climbed the bank close by. 

So, finding he could not escape. 

For the Rebels saw him ihere, 
He wrapped his cajD around a stone, 

And then whirled it through the air. 

The Rebels saw the mighty splash. 
That the whirling stone had made, 

And thought. Sir Reginald tried to make 
Himself a watery grave. 

For many hours they watch'd his cap, 

Carried by the swelling stream : 
Sir Richard, through the wood did creep, 

Beneath the oak's deep green. 

Then, hatless, o'er the fields he sped, 

Through Cotehele's oaken door : 
The Rebels turned and march'd again. 

Believing him " do more." 

He hid there, at Cotehele some days, 

Till his foes had gone away. 
Then, took a ship from Plymouth sound. 

And sailed to Brittany. 

The years went by — it came to pass, 

That Sir Richard sailed for home, 
And there he placed within the wood, 

A Chapel, built of stone. 

And there that tiny chapel stands, 

Where many a history lay, — 
Placed, where Sir Richard threw the stone. 

And remains there to this day. 

MARJORIE T. CAMPBEL,L BENNETT (Aged 12) 
Hingsten House, Gunnislakt. 



ST. keyne's well. 161 



5t. KEYNE'S Well. 

One of the most popular Cornish Legends is that of St. Keyne's 
Well, and as it is of such far-famed notoreity, for the beaefit of 
those who have not heard its histor}^ nor visited the spot and 
partaken of the virtue of its holy waters, we give the following 
legend, Illustration and verses. 

Brechan, the father of St. Keyne was a king in Wales, and 
the builder of the town of Brecknock. This worthy old king and 
saint was the happy father of twenty-six children, or as some say, 
twenty-four. Of these, fourteen or fifteen were sainted for their 
holiness, and their portraits are preserved within a fold of the 
kingly robe of the saint, their father, in the window at St. Neot's 
Church, bearing the inscription, "Sante Brechane, cum omnibus 
Sanctis, ora pro nobis," and known as the young women's window. 

Of the holy children settled in Cornwall, we learn that the 
following gave their names to Cornish churches :— John to the 
Church of St. Ive ; EndeUient, Endellion ; Menfre, St. Minver; 
Tethe, St. Teath; Mabena, St. Mabyn; Merewenna, Marham ; 
Wenna, St. VVenn; Keyne, St. Keyne ; Yse, St. Issey ; Morwenna, 
Morwinstow ; Cleder, St. Clether ; Keri, Egloskerry; Helie, 
Egloshayle ; Adwent, Advent ; Lanent, Lelant. 

Of this remarkable family St. Keyne stands out as the brightest 
star. Lovely beyond measure, she wandered over the country 
safe, even in lawless times, from insult, by "the strength of 
her purity." 

After a life spent in the conversion of sinners, the building of 
churches, and the performance of miracles, this good woman 
retired into Cornwall, and in one of its most picturesque valleys 
she sought and found that quiet which was conducive to a happy 
termination of a well-spent life. 

St. Keyne lived about the year 490, and Dr. Borlase says she 
probably dwelt in the eastern part of this county, where her 
church and well are still to be seen, and her festival is celebrated 
on the 30th September. A beautiful well of water was near the 
home of the saint, and she planted with her blessing, four trees 
around it — the withy, the oak, the elm and the ash. When the 
hour of her death was drawing near, St, Keyne caused herself to be 
borne on a litter to the shade which she had formed, and soothed 
by the influence of the murmur of the flowing fountain, and after 
having been pleased with the liospitablf. manner in which she 
had been received by the Cornish, St. Keyne with her blessing 



162 venning's postal directory. 

gave them this well, and imparted to them a strange virtue, 
namely :---that which-ever oi a newly married couple should 
drink thereof, was to enjoy the sweetness of domestic sovereignty 
ever after. 

Hunt in his Romances and Drolls speaks of this well aS 
" Situated in a thickly-wooded district, the well of St. Keyne 
presents a singulary picturesque appearance. Four trees of 
divers kinds grow over the well, imparting a delightful shade, 
and its clear waters spread an emerald luxuriance around. 
Once, and once only, have I paid a visit to this sacred spot, 
Then and there I found a lady drinking of the waters from a 
thimble, and eagerly contending with her husband that the right 
to rule was hers. The man, however, midly insisted upon it 
that he had had the first drink, as he had rushed before his wife, 
and dipping his fingers into the water had sucked them. This 
the lady contended was not drinking, and she, I have no doubt, 
through life had the best of the argument." 

Tonkin says, in his " History of Cornwall," " Did it retain 
this wondrous quality, as it does to this day, the shape, I believe 
there would be to it a greater resort of both sexes than either to 
Bath or Tunbridge; for who would not be fond of attaining this 
longed-for sovereignty ? " 

The Trees that were there in the time of Carew, about which 
he wrote the following lines, have since been blown down by a 
violent storm :-- 

" In name, in shape, in quality. 

This well is very quaint , 
The name to lot of Kayne befell. 

No over-holy saint. .oOA-',3 
The shape, four trees of clivers kind, 

Withy, oak. elm, and ash, 
Make with their roots an arched roof, 

Whose lloor this spring doth wash. 
The quality, that man or wife, 

Wiiose chance or choice attains. 
First of this sacred stream to drink, 

Thereby the mastery gains." 

About 125 years since, Mr. Rashleigh planted two oaks, an| 
ash, and an elm, which still are there, although one of the oaksj 
is very much decayed, and supported by a prop. 

This Well is pleasantly situated in a valley by the roadside! 
about :f of a mile from the parish Church, which is also dedicatee 
to this Saint. It is very singular that Trees of su'ch large growtl 
can obtain nourishment from so small a spot. 



ST. KETNE S WELL, 



163 




ST. KEYNE'S WELL. 
A well there is in the west country, 

And a clearer one never was seen. 
There is not a wife in the west country 

But has not heard of the well of St. Keyne. 

An oak and an elm tree stand behind 
And beside doth an ash tree grow ; 

And a willow from the bank above, 
Droops to the water below. 

A trav'ller came to the well of St. Keyne 

Pleasant it was to his eye, 
For from cock-crowing he had travelling been, 

And there was not a cloud in the sky. 



164 venning's postal directory. 

He drank of the water so cool and clear, 

For thirsty and hot was he, 
And he sat down upon a bank, 

All under the willow tree. 

There came a man from the neighbouring town, 

At the well to fill his pail 
So on the well-side he rested it, 

And bade the stranger hail. 

'' Now art thou a bachelor, stranger ? " quoth he 

" For if thou hast a wife. 
The happiest draught thou hast drunk to-day 

That ever thou didst in thy life. 

Or has your good woman, if one you have 

In Cornwall ever been, 
For, and if she have I'll venture my life 

She has drunk of the well of St. Keyne." 

I left a good woman who never was here. 

The stranger he made reply, 
" But that my draught should be better for that 

I pray you answer me why," 

" St. Keyne " quoth the countryman, many a time 

Drank of this crystal well ; 
And before the angel summon'd her hence. 

She laid on the water a spell : — 

If the husband of this gifted well 

Shall drink before his wife. 
A happy man henceforth is he, 

For he shall be master for life. 

But if the wife should drink of it, first, 

'■ God help the husband then ! " 
The styangev stoopt to the well of St. Keyne, 

And he drank of the water again ! ! 

You drank of the well, I warrant, betime ? 

He to the countryman said : 
But the countryman smiled, as the stranger spoke. 

And sheepishly shook his head. 

I hastened, as soon as the wedding was done, 

And left my wife in the porch ; 
But 'i faith ! she had been wiser than me. 

For she took a bottle to church. 

for ilptodatc Printing . ♦ . 

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VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



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166 KINGS AND QUEENS. 



^ f/a€le of iHe DCings and Queens of Sngland, 

From the famous Battle on Kingston Down, Callington, a.d., 

835 which gave birth to a United Kmgdom, to the Accession of 

-Edward VII on January 22nd, igoi. 

EARLY SAXON KINGS— 190 years, a.d. 827 to 1017. 

Names. Leading Events. Access. 

Egbert First King of all England. Battle 827 

on Hingston Down, Callington. 
A.D. 835. Danes defeated. A 
United Kingdom formed. 

Ethelwulf — Son Tax called Peter's Pence levied by 839 

Pope. 

Ethelbald— Son 858 

Etbelbert — Brother ... Descent of the Danes upon Thanet. 860 
Ethelred — Brother ... Battle with Danes, great famine 866 

followed by pestilence. 
Alfred the Great— Wars with Danes, land divided 871 

(Brother into Counties. Trial by Jury. 
Edward the Elder — First to assume title King of goi 
(Son England. University of Cam- 
bridge founded. 

Athelstan — Son Copy of the Anglo Saxon Bible 925 

translated placed in every Church. 
Edmund I — Brother Routed the Danes, then assassinated 940 

Edred — Brother Ministers manage affairs. 946 

Edwy — Nephew Loss of Territory. Kingdiedwith 955 

grief. 

Edgar — Brother Peaceable King, no foe vexed the 958 

land. Weights and Measures 
reduced to a standard. 
Edward the Martyr — King Assassinated on horseback. 975 
Ethelred II — half- Massacre of Danes. 979 

[brother the unready 
Edmund II. Ironside Battles. 1016 

DANISH RULE— 1017 to 1041. 
England divided between the Saxons and the Danes. 

Canute — SonofSweyn 1017 

Harold I — ^Son 1035 

Hardicanute 1039 



venning's postal directory. 167 

SAXON LINE RESTORED— 1041-1066. 

Edward the Confessor Beginning of French Influence 1041 

1 II— Son of 
(Earl Godwin 



Harold II — Son of Battle of Hastings. 1066 



HOUSE OF NORMANDY— Early Norman Kings J066 

to 1 1 54. 

William I — The Con- Feudal System. Domesday Book. 1066 

(queror Curfew Bell, &c. 
William II — Son 1087 

(Rufus) 
Henry I. Beauclerk iioo 

Stephen, Count of Blois 1135 

HOUSE OF PLANTAGENET— 1154 to 1485. 14 Kmgs 

331 years. Feudal System in its prime and decay. 

Henry II ii54 

Richard I - Son - The Crusade. 1189 

John — Brother Magna Charta. 1199 

Henry III — Son House of Commons instituted. 1216 

Edward I — Son(Long- French War and Conquest of 1272 

shanks) Wales. 

Edward II — Son King dethroned and murdered. 1307 

(Caernarvon) 

Edward III — Son War with France and Scotland. 1327 

(Windsor) 

Richard II. --Bordeaux Wonderful Parliament. 1377 

HOUSE OF LANCASTER— 1399 to 1561. 

Henry IV. Bolingbroke Scottish War. i399 

§ 'Son of John of Ghent 

Henry V. Monmouth Battle of Agincourt. 1413 

Henry VI. fWindsor) Wars of the Roses begin and King 1422 

deposed. 

HOUSE OF YORK— 1461 to 1485. 

Edward IV — Son of Introduction of Printing by William 1461 

(Richard of York Caxton. 

Edward V — Son Dethroned after 11 weeks reign. 1483 

Richard III— Uncle Murder of deposed King Edward. 1483 
(Crookback) 



168 KINGS AND QUEENS. 

HOUSE OF TUDOR— 1485 to 1603. Rise of Protestantism. 
Revival of Literature. Extension of Commerce. 

Henry VII Rebellion in Cornwall. Cornishmen 1485 

march to London. 

Henry VIII — Son The Reformation. Papal power 1509 

overthrown. 
Edward VI — Son... Church of England established. 1547 
Mary I —Half-sister... Fires of Smithfield lighted. 1553 

Elizabeth--Half-sister Protestantism restored. Spanish 1558 

Armada defeated. First News- 
paper printed. 

HOUSE OF STUART--1603 to 1714. Kings Striving tor 

absolute power. Resisting by Parliament and their final triumph 

James I. (VI. of Scot.) Bible translated. Gunpowder Plot. 1603 
Son of Mary Queen Pilgrim Fathers leave Plymouth 
of Scots. in the Mayflower for America. 

Charles I •••■ The Long Parliament. Civil War. 1625 

Letters by Weekly Post. Battles in East 
Cornwall. King beheaded. 

COMMONWEALTH Commonwealth declared, May ig, 1649 

Oliver Cromwell, Protector. 1653 

Richard Cromwell ,, 1658 

HOUSE OF STUART RESTORED. 

Charles II Great Plague and Fre in London-- 1660 

John Bunyan in Bedford Gaol, 
James II Last battle on English soil — 1685 

Flight of the King. 
William III & Mary II Act of Settlement passed-- Protes- i68g 
13 yrs. 5 J yrs, tants only to sit on the Throne — The 

Massacre of Glencoe in Scotland. 
Anne Wars with France and Spain— 1702 

England and Scotland united. 

HOUSE OF HANOVER. 

George I The South Sea Bubble Company. 1714 

George II War with Spain, France and 1727 

Scotland — Wesleyan Methodism established 



KINGS AND QUEENS. l69 

George III War with America for 7 years. — 1760 

Declaration of Independence United States 
1776 — Nelbon and the Battle of Trafalgar — 
Peninsular War — Wellington & the Battle 
of Waterloo — Napoleon sent to St. Helena — 
22 years War — National debt S60 millions — 
Captain Cook's 3 voyages round the world — 
Gas fuel used in streets of London — Steam 
Engine by James VVatt— ist Steam Vessel 
launched on the Clyde. 

George IV Plot to set London on Fire dis- 1820 

covered — George Stephenson : the first 
Railway, Liverpool to Manchester. 

William IV Reform Bill passed. 800,000 1830 

Slaves liberated in all English Colonies. 

VICTORIA Longest reign of History 1837-igoi 

Penny Postage 18^0 , Majuba Hill 1880 

Eepeal of the Corn Laws 6 | Prevention of Crimes Act 1882 

Crimean War 54 i Egyptian War Tel-el-keber 2 

Indian Mutiny 7 Soudan War 8 

Jews admitted to Parliament 8 Khartoum — General Gordan killed 5 

New Reform Act 67 1 Eedistribution of Seats Bill 5 



Abyssinian War 8 

Irish Church disestablished 9 

,, Land Act 70 

Education ,, 

Ballot ,, 2 

Ashantee War 4 

Atlantic Cable laid 58 

,, successfully 66 



Extension of Franchise 5 

Home Rule Bill rejected 6 

Jubilee of Her Majesty 7 

Local Government Act passed 8 

County Councils formed 

Free Education Act passed 91 

Parish Councils Act 3 

Transvaal War 9y 



Greatest progress in the history of the World in Religion, 
Literature, Science, Art, Inventions and Machinery, Educa- 
tion, and Social Improvement in all classes. The longest, most 
beneficent and glorious reign since the throne of David. 

EDWARD VII ...Whose Accession has given universal igoi 
satisfaction, and augurs well for a prosperous reign. 

GOD SAVE THE KING. 

MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT 

Who represented the (]oiinty of (lornwall, and some of the innst import- 
ant towns of the County, and on the borders of the Tamar, in Devon, in the 
year 17(->8; taken from the Royal Kalendar for that year, which the jjuljlieher 

now has in his possession. 

Cornwall County — Sir John St. Aubin. of Clowance, near 
Helston, and Sir John Molesworth, Biirt., of Pencarrow, 
Cornwall. 



170 venning's postal DIKECTORY. 

Callington — Fane Wm. Sharpe, Esq., of East Barnet. 

Richard btephens, Esq., of Winscot, in Devon. 

Camelford — Samuel Martin, Treasurer to the Princess Dowager, 
Chislehurst; Bartholomew Burton, Merchant, London 
and a Diredfor of the Bank, Peterham in Surrey. 

Bodmin — George Hunt, Esq., of Lanidrock. 

Sir Christopher Treise, Laverthan, Cornwall. 

Liskeard — Philip Stephens, Esq., Secretary to the Admiralty. 
Anthony Champion, Esq., of Croydon Surrey. 

Launceston — Peter Burrell, Beckingham, near Bromley in 
Kent, F.R.S. ; Rt. Hon. Hum Morice, of Werrington, 
Lord Warden of the Stannaries and Steward of 

Cornwall. 

St. Germans — Edw. Eliott, Esq., Receiver Genl. of the Duchy 
of Cornwall, and Commissioner of trade, Port Eliot> 
\Villiam Hussey, of Salisbury. 

East Looe — Rt. Hon. H. (Temple) Lord Viscount Palmerston, 
in Ireland a Lord of the Admiralty, Broadlands, near 
Ramsay, Hants ; John BuUer, Esq., a Lord of the 
Admiralt}^ Comptroller of the Mint, and Recorder of 
this borough. 

West Lcoe — John Sargent and John Townshend. 

Lostwlthiel — James Edw. Colleton, of Haynes Hill, near Twy- 
ford, Berks ; Rt. Hon. Francis Seymour Conway, son 
and heir to the Earl of Hertford. 

Saltash — George Adams, Esq , Sambroke in Shropshire, son-in- 
law to Lord Vernon; Hon. Augustus John Hervey, 
Esq., one of the grooms of his Majesty's bedchamber, 
Colonel of Marines, a Captain in the navy, and next 
brother to the Earl of Bristol. 

Truro — Hon. George Bcscawen, next brother to Lord Viscount 
Falmouth, of the Sciily Islands ; Edward Hugh 
Boscawen, Esq., son of the Hte Admiral Boscawen. 

Beeralston — Sir Francis Henry Drake, of Buckland, Devon, 
Bart., a Clerk of the Green cloth, and Ranger of 
Dartmoor Forest; Hon. Geo. Hobart, Esq., next 
brother to the Eari of Buckingham. 

Plymouth — Rt. Hon. W. Wildman, Viscount Barrington, of the 
kingdom of Ireland, Sec. at War, Becket, Berks ; 
Sir Geo. Pocock, KB., Twickenham, Middlesex. 



CORVISH EPITAPHS. 171 



Tavistock — ^Rt. Hon. Richard Rigby, Master of the Rolls in 
Ireland for life, and one of the deputy rangers of 
Phoenix Park, Dublin Mistley Hall, near Maiiningtree, 
Essex. R. Neville Neville, Esq., Stanlake, Berks. 

-^( CORNISH EPITAPHS, ^m- 

TlMONG the old Memorials of the parish of Madron, in Corn- 
^ wall is the following to the memory of Alexander Daniel : — ■ 

"Belgium me birth, Britaine me breeding gave, 
Cornwall a wife, ten children and a grave." 

In the Church of Mullion there is a monument to the Rev. T. 

Flavel, who died in 1682, with the following lines on it : — 

" Earth take mine earth, my ?in let Satan have it, 
The world my goods, my soul my God who have it ; 
For from these four, earth, Satan, world and God 
My flesh, my sin, my goods, my soul I had." 

A.nd in the adjoining parish of Gunwallo another odd inscrip- 
tion is on a tombstone, in which each word is made the 
commencement of each line : — 

" We shall die all, 1 Die all we shall. 

Shall die all we ; | All we sliall die." 

In the Church at Truro are two original epitaphs in the 
following lines . — 

" Here lies two little ones, 

Whose oars were tender as their bones." 

"Father, and Mother, and I, 

Chose to be buried as under ; 
Father and Mother lies buried here ; 
And 1 lies buried yonder ! 

At Pleynt there are some monuments in the Church of the 

Buller and Trelawney families, and rhe quaint epitaph :— 

" Here lies an honest lawyer ; wot you what?— 
A thing for all the world to wonder at ! " 

And to the memory of Edward Trelawney ! — 
" O what a bul)ble, vapour, puff of breath, 
A nest of worms, a luniij of pallid earth. 
Is mud-wall man before we mount on high, 
We come with change, we wander, alter, die ! " 

In the Church of Anthony, near Devonport, is the monument 
of Richard Carew, the great historian of his native Coimty ot 
Cornwall, who was born in 1555, and died in 1620, the following 
lines are inscribed, which were written by the historian himself, 
and found in his pocket when he died. 



172 



VENNINGS POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



<^F. ANN EAR, -)^ 

D)oimniental = D)a$oii, 

50, Cobourg St, PLYMOUTH, 

AND 

Drake Road, TAVISTOCK. 



<^De$ians ana €stimau$ 6iuen3|5> 

For every description of 

MARBLE AND STONE WORK- 



e^-g All Orders will receive Careful and Prompt Attention, ^^s 



C. RIGKARD, 

Baker and ♦ ♦ 
Conkctioner» 

FORE STREET, 

CALLINGTON. 



C POAD, 

Mason, Builder, 



AND 



-^ Contractor, 

FLORENCE COTTAGE, 

<tcCallin9ton. 



^^SSr 



-^$8^3- 



S*osi 2f€orses & Carriages 
on 3fCire, 



SartHenware ^rain Tipes 
&c., supplied. 



EPITAPHS. 173 



" Full thirteen fives of years I toiling have o'erpast, 

And in the fourteenth, weary, entered am at last; 

While rocks, sands, storms, and leaks, to take my bark away, 

By grief, troubles, sorrows, sickness, did assay ; 

And yet arrived I am not at the port of death, 

The port to everlasting life that openeth ; 

My time, uncertain. Lord, long certain cannot be, 

What's best to me's unknown, and only known to thee. 

Oh, by repentance and amendment grant that I 

May still live in thy fear, and in thy favour die ! " 

The Church of Lanivet contains several monuments of the 

Courtenay family Avho resided at Tremeere, in the parish, and on 

the tomb of Richard Courtenay, and his wife, who died in 1632, 

is the following : 

" They lived and died both in Tremeere, 
God hath their souls, their bones lie here ; 
Bichard with Thomson, his loved wife, 
Lived 62 years, then ended life." 

In Bottreaux Church, near Boscastle, an epitaph to the memory 
of Rev. Mr. Cotton and his wife, is as follows: — 

" Forty nine years they lived man and wife, 
And what's more rare, so many without strife ; 
She first departing, he a few weeks tried 
To live without her, could not, and he died." 

In Bodmin Church is the following quaint epitaph on the two 
wives of a man called Richard Durant, who was twice Mayor of 
that town, one of whom was buried in 1589, and the other in 1608: 

During their lites, had Durant wifes, Jowdy and Kathren named, 
Both feared God and eke his rod, so well their lifes they framed, 
both comly, frugall, chast and fruitful ; yea of a constant mind 
to all their friends, end to their ends, still to their husband kinde, 
both children dear whiles they lived iieer unto their husband brought 
by him a score they had no more, all in good nurture taught, 
The first had fi, 14 ye next, bookes of rccorde doe tell 
the best is this and trew it is they livde and died well 
And here doth lie, whose children erie, woe yt this day we see. 
They must be still it is God will, they are gone, and so must we. 

In Grade Church near the Lizard Point, on the north west 
corner of the Church, is an old Tomb with this inscription : — 

Here lyeth the body of Hugh Mason, gentleman, who departed this life in 
the fear of God, the third day of December, 1671 and at the age of 65. 

Why here? why not? 'tis all one ground, 
And here none will my dust confound, 
My Saviour lay where no one did ; 
Why not a member as his head ? 
No quire to snig, no bells to ring? 
Why, Sirs, thus buried was my king 1 
I grudge the fashion of ibis day. 



174 venning's postal directory. 

To fat the church and starve the lay ; 
Though nothing now of me be seen, 
I hope my name and bed is green. 

Formerly the Cornish held a sort of prejudice against being 
buried on the north side of the Church. It has been supposed 
that this person was the first of this parish so buried, and that he 
was interred without the usual funeral ceremony. 



^ Superstitions, $c. 

Extracts from Romances and Drolls in the West of England, by 

Robert Hunt. 



=^'v:^ 



tPCCttfld on ^^ ^^ considered unlucky to meet on the stairs, 

.. and often one will retire to his or her room 

^"^ rather than run the risk of giving or receiving ill 

Stairs. luck. 

Treading on Graves. 

Whenever a person shivers from a sensation of cold down the 
spine, is said some one is walking over his or her grave. 

Persons believing this, will give directions that they may be 
buried in some secluded corner of the churchyard, so that their 
corpse may not be disturbed by unholy footsteps. 

^1)^ To nail a horse-shoe, which has been cast on the road, 

fiOrSC over the door of any house, barn, or stable; is an effectual 

St)OC* means ot preventing the entrance of witches. 

This was a very popular superstition, and over many an 

entrance door in East Cornwall, this horse-shoe may still be 

seen. 

C1)C Those little gatherings which occur on the eyelids of 

Black children, locally called "whilks," are cured by passing 

Cat's ^ black cat's tail nine times over the place. If a ram 

Call. ^^^' th^ cure is more certain. 

UtilUCkP To put the loaf on the table upside down — to cut 

ri^itlfl^ the butter at both ends— to place the bellows on the 

table — to upset the salt —to cross your knife & fork — 

to pour gravy out of a spoon backwards (or back-handed), is 

each unlucky and leads to quarrels. To borrow or lend a bellows 

is most unlucky, and many would rather give than lend one. 



SUPEBSTITIONS. 



175 



If you are going on an errand, never turn back to your house, 
it presages ill luck to do so. If however, you are compelled to 
it, fail not to sit down. By doing this some mischief may be 
avoided. 



ItcDitid 
ears. 



sign that some 



When the ears are red and itch, it is a 
one is talking of the suffering individual. If it is the 
left ear, they have been scandalised ; if the right ear, 
they are being praised. 



Often has it been said when persons have been indulging in 
some gossip of their neighbours or friends, " I'll bet how their 
ears do itch." 

On Washing Linen. 

'• They that wash Monday got all the week to dry, 
They that wash Tuesday are pretty near by, 
They that wash Wednesday make a good housewife, 
They that wash Thursday must wash for their life. 
They that wash Friday must wash in need, 
They that wash Saturday are sluts indeed." 

Weather at Liskeard. 

The south wind always brings wet weather ; 
The north wind, wet and cold together. 
The west wind always brings us rain, 
The east wind blows it back again. 

If the sun in red should set. 
The next day surely will be wet, 
If the sun should set in gray, 
The next will be a rainy day. 

The usual proverb with regard to the Rainbow, which pre- 
vails generally, is common in Cornwall — 

" The rainbow in the morning 
Is the shepherd's warning, 
The rainbow at night 
Is the shepherd's delight." 

The rendering of this I w^as accustomed to hear when a lad in 
the parish of Altarnun was — 



Rainbow in the morn, 
Put the hook in the corn, 



Rainbow in the eve. 
Put a hook in the shieve. 



Killil19 One of the superstitions formerly prevailing in 

RtlttcrflU^ some parts of East Cornwall, is that any individual 
' negleeting to kill the first butterfly he may see for 
the season, will have ill luck throughout the year. 



176 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



LISKEARD, CORNWALL. 

W. J. MAY & SON 

Auctioneers $ Suruepors, Valuers, 

HOUSE, LAND, and ESTATE AGENTS, 

W, FORE STREET, LISKEARD. 

Certificated bailiffs under tHe £aw of distress 
Amendment 3lct, 1888, 

Valuers by appoiatnieut of the St. Germans District Council 
under the Finance Act, 1894. 

Fire & Life Insurance Agents. Rents & Tithes Collected. 

Valuations for Probate. Fire Claims specially prepared. 

Careful Attention and Immediate Settlement to Sales. 



Anclim Offices:- 19, FORE STREET, LISKEABB. 

FOR THE NEW CENTURY. 

THE BEST HOUSE FOE 

Christmas and d7ew gear's Cards and 
-^ D7ovelties. 





6|^6|^6l^6|^6l^6l^6|^6|^6|^^^ 



J.¥EMMIMQ 



-J^ 



3ancy and Meatfier Soods, 

. . AND . . 

Attractive DJovelties 

SUITABLE FOE ALL SEASONS. 



PRINTER, 



STATIONER, 



& BOOKSELLER. 



Fancy Goofls Warelonse, POST OFFICE, CALLINGTOH. 



TABLES. 



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178 venning's postal directory. 

"East Cornwall Marble Works 

24 & 25, For<> Street, eallington. 



) i 



^^ 



IMPORTANT TO THOSE WHO ARE DESIROUS OF 
ERECTING MEMORIALS. 

I beg respecftfully to intimate that I should feel pleased to 
submit free of cost, copies of Memorial Stones, which I have 
worked up m Stock ready for lettering, — ' Marble,' 'Granite,' 
' Polyphant Stone,' ' Portland Stone,' ' Delabole Stone,' &c. 

AND 

MONUMENTS, GRANITE LEDGER, &c. 

Aiso carved and plain TABLETS fo^ Churches and Chapels 
in " Irish Black Marble," " Statuary," " Sicilian Marble," 
"Serpentine," and "Polyphant Stone," — splendid selecflion. 
Orders can be executed prompt from the worked up Stock. 
Inspec51:ion to Show Room and Yard invited. 

GRANITE & OTHER GRAVE KERBS 

Various sizes. 
Also IRON RAILINGS for same in Stock. 

BROWN'S LEAD LETTERS IN MARBLE & GRANITE 

Are thoroiuihly done by the IMPROVED PATENT. 

Letters Raised or Enciraved. Old Work Restored. Inscriptions 

added or Re-cut. Desitjns and Prices for work required 

sent free on application to 

WILLIAM BROWN, 

"EAST CORNWALL MARBLE WORKS," 

24 & 25 FORE STREET, 

CALLINGTON. 



ESTABLISHED 1834. 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



179 



i ( 



East Cornwall Marble Works," 

24 & 25 For<> Street, Callington. 



A large Stock of 
Flexible and Solid Porcelain, also other 

WREATHS, GLASS CROSSES 

With Wreaths, China Crosses in coloured 
Flowers, &c, 

Wreaths in shape of Anchors, Harps, Lyres, in Glass 
Cases with Wire Guards. 




Procelain and Alabaster TABLETS, various Shapes and 
Mottoes, black and p^ilded letters. Also MOTTOES in Bead 
letters; Tin Crosses, Anchors, Circles for Cut Flowers, French 
Moss in Bundles, Galvanized Wire Guards for Dome Glass 
Cases and Crosses. A large collecftion of polished samples in 
Marble, Granite and other Stones from various Countries. 



^^3^ 



Monuments, Pedestals, Crosses, Tablets, Ledgers, Tombs, 
Headstones, Bases, Grave Kerbs, Chimney Pieces, Fenders, 
Tiles for Hearths in White, Black and Coloured Marbles, Marble 
Wash Tops, Tables, Counter Tops, Cheffioners, &c., made to 
order. Several of the above Crosses and Headstones are carved, 
and ready for Lettering. 

APPLY TO 

WILLIAM BROWN, ' 

'EAST CORNWALL MARBLE WORKS,' 

24 & 25, FORE STREET, 

CALLINGTON. 



ESTABLISHED 1834. 



180 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRHCTORY. 




HOLY WELL, St. DOMINICK. 



^&i= 



CHIS Well is by the side of the road leading from the farm 
called Chapel to the Tamar, which flows a few hundred 
yards below. There is a niche in the back of the well in which 
a figure of the patron saint was placed. The trough which now 
stands near the door way had no original connection with the 
building, but has been placed there for watering cattle. 



ST. CLEER WELL. 



181 







St. CLEER WELL. 

ON tlie descent of the road a short distance to the east of the 
Church of St. Cleer, are the remains of an Ancient Well or 
Baptistr_v. According to Gilbert this well was formerly enclosed 
within a small chapel, but some part of the walls had fallen down; 
it had 2 windows one on each side, and an entrance door formed 
under 2 low round arches. The front was tolerably entire, and 
the roof over-run with ivy and wild plants — the water after flow- 
ing out of the well is received into a large basin formed with 
b'ocks of moor stone ; it is supposed to have been formerly used 
as a bowsening pool, for the cure of mad people. It is proved 
that the cluirch was rated and endowed in 1294, and the wel'- 
chapel may have been erected about the same time. Hals says 
" In this parish is yet to be seen a famous chapel-well, dedicated to 
St. Clare, a wurk ■>£ great skill, labour and cost though now much 
decayed, which formerly pertai led to some nunnery of those sort 
of religious women extant heri.: or at Liskeard." Since our last 



182 venning's postal directory. 

issue this well has been thoroughly restored at great expense, as 
near as possible to its original form, with a granite roof and 
pinnacles. All the ivy and weeds are removed and a low wall is 
built around with granite. 



CALSTOCK AND ITS SCENERY, &c. 

BY R. LEVERTON, DELAWARE. 



CALSTOCK is somewhat unique as a parish in this part of 
the county. Its river scenery is unsurpassed, and is 
unusually variegated. From the time it skirts the parish below 
the rural and picturesque Horse Bridge to its passage past 
Cotehele, we have here well wooded and gentle slopes, there 
beetling crags rising hundreds of feet, here a village nestling 
amidst rich orchards and fertile gardens and there an island 
small but like a gem set in the silvery waters. From the 
tortuous river the ground rises by a series of terraces to Kingston 
Down, one of the numerous moors running through Cornwall. 
This has its natural crown and glory in Kit Hill ihe highest 
point in the neighbourhood, and from whence may be seen such 
widely different points of the compass as Caradon, Windmill in 
Launceston, the tors of Dartmoor and Saltash Bridge. The 
main road which leads from CalHngton to Tavistock is 700 feet 
high, and from it the sea to the south by day and the revolving 
lights of Eddystone by night are clearly discernable. This road 
is said to be the remains of the old Roman road, from Cornwall 
to Chester called the Fossway. 

From Seven Stones to the top of Sandhill overlooking Gunnis- 
lake, is a fine stretch of high land, with a full view of the circling 
heights of Dartmoor in the distance, and the gleaming Tamar 
like a huge serpent lazily crawling over the land. The inhabitants 
here should be healthy, as sea breeze and moorland air con- 
stantly minister to their physical well-being. A magnificent 
drive by the road from Seven Stones around Cliilsworthy Beam 
about five miles in length completing an oval, offers the finest 
panorama of hill scenery to be seen in such a distance anywhere 
in the West. Only the railway is required to make this neigh- 
bourhood a popular resort. The Parish Church with its arched 
roof and grained pillars is well worth a visit. There is a tomb 
in the belfry dated 1600 a.d. On the stone covering it, there 
is a skull and cross bones cut. In the churchyard is a grave of 
a Trelawny, which is half in the church and half in a field 



CALSTOCK. 183 



adjoining. He said that as he had lived like no one else, he 
would be buried like no one else. Harewood House once the 
seat of tlie Trelawnys is now simply reduced to a skeleton. 
Cotehele and Honeycombe are the only country seats in the 
parish and these are both in the possession of the Earl of Mount 
Edgcumbe. 

Calstock is rich in legends and stories. The most authentic 
story is that of the battle of Kingston Down. The Danes are 
supposed to have sailed up the river Tamar and landed in a 
valley called Danescombe, and thence marched to Kit Hill. 
All over the Down or Dune are shallow round pits and mounds — 
these are said by some to be old entrenchments and burying 
places of the combatants ; others with more reason believe them 
to be pits where ancient miners " sheaded " or searched for tin. 

There existed till lately an old cattle-pound in Metherill where 
all stray animals were driven and kept till claimed — a fine was 
levied by the pound-keeper. There was also a da}' in July, the 
first Monday called " Down Driving Day " — all sheep unsheared 
found on the Downs were driven to the pound and the driver 
could claim a shilling for his trouble — it was kept up as a 
genera! holiday. Cotehele in blue bell time reminds one of 
Tennyson's words " blue beneath and blue above." It contains 
exquisitely beautiful walks. There is an interesting story told 
of the Lady's Ch?.pel at Cotehele — it overlooks the river just at 
the bend between Calstock village and Cotehele — it stands on a 
rock, and underneath it is a cave. Sir Richard Edgcumbe of 
Cotehele, when being pursued by the Roundheads for his 
allegiance to the Stuarts hid himself in this cave, throwing his 
hat and coat over the cliff into the water — his pursuers thinking 
he was drowned gave up the chase. The Earl afterwards built 
the Chapel to mark the spot, and as a memorial of his gratitude. 
There is said to be a statue of Thomas-a-Becket there before the 
altar. It is now closed and is rarely opened. 



PROTECT YOURSELVES BY INSURANCE- 

LANDOWNERS, FARM1:RS, FIvUIT GROWERS, and MARKET 
GARDENERS should INSURE against the risk they run under the 
WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION ACT, 1900, which came into operation 
on JULY ist, 1901. 

Prciniuiii 2/(i to 3/- per cent, on Wacjes paid by Fanners 

(ientlenien's Servants, Coachmen & Gardeners, &c.. Insured 

at rtj- each. 

Apply to J.VENNING, Post Office, Gail ington. 

who has paid ^^5,000 in claims for Accidents alone. 



l84 VENNING*S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 

East Cornwall Parliamentary Elections, 

since the Reform Act of 1832. 

1837. Eliot (C) 2430 Vivian (L) 2294. 

Trelawny (L) defeated 2250. 

1 841, Eliot (C) 3006. Rashleigh (C) 2807. 

Trelawny (L) defeated 1647. 
1847. Pole-Carew. 

1852. Robartes (L,) 2609. N. Kendall (C) 1996. 

Pole-Carew defeated 1979. 

1856. N. Kendall, (C). 
1859. Do 

1865. Do. 

1868. Sir J. S. Trelawny (L). Brydges \Villiams, (L). 

1874. ^^^ Colman Rashleigh, (L) 3395. Tremayne, (C) 3276. 

Pole-Carew & Kelly, defeated, 3099 & 2976. 

1880. Hon. Agar-Robartes (L) 4018. W. C. Borlase (L) 3883. 
J. Tremayne & D. Collins, defeated, 3003 & 2403. 

1882. C. T. D. Acland (L\ was elected when Agar-Robartes 
was raised to the Peerage, and sat with Borlase until the 
Redistribution of seats in 1885, Avhen the North Eastern or 
Launceston Division, and also the South Eastern or 
Liskeard and Bodmin Divisions were formed. 

LISKEARD-BODMIN DIVISION. 

1885-1900. The Right Hon. Leonard H. Courtenay, (L.U.) 
sat for the Liskeard-Bodmin or South Eastern Division, 
until the General Eledtion. 

1900-1. Sir L. Molesworth, (U) Alderman Snape, (L) defeated. 

LAUNCESTON DIVISION. 

1885-1892. Sir C. T. D. Acland, (L). 

1892. Thomas Owen, fL). Sir Lewis Molesworth, defeated. 

1895. Thomas Owen, (L) 3633. F. Wills, (LU), 2975, do. 

1898. J. Fletcher Moulton, Q.C., (L), 3951. 

(Bye Eleaion) Sir F. Wills, (LU), defeated, 2863, 

1900. General Eledtion — J. Fletcher Moulton, (L) 3831. 

Egerton Forster CunlifFe, (L.U) defeated, 2737. 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTOR'^. 



185 



®ur riDcinbciTi of iparliamcnt. 




Mr. .1. Fl-KTCIIKI! .Mori.Ki.N, .M.I'., K.C.F.R.S., M.A. 



M R. John Fletcher Moulton, M. P., K.C., of 57, On.slow Square, 
and 1 l,King-s' Bench Walk, London, is the Liberal member for the 
Launceston Division, and was elected for the second time by a 
majority of nearly 1,100 at both elections. In the bve-elect'ion 



186 venning's postal directory. 



of 1898, on the death of the late Thomas Owen, he was opposed 
by Sir Frederick Wills, Bart., Liberal Unionist, and at the 
General Election of 1900 by Mr. Egerton Forster Cunliffe. 

Mr. Moulton is fifty-six years of ag-e. His father was the 
Rev. James Egan Moulton, a Wesleyan minister, and he was 
born at Madeley, Shropshire, and educated at New Kingswood 
School, Bath, and St. John's College, Cambridge. At the Uni- 
versity he had a very distinguished career ; he was senior wrangler 
and 1st Smith's prizeman (1868) a fellow and lecturer of Christ's 
College, lecturer at Jesus College, and president of the Union. 
Was called to the Bar at the Middle Temple (1874) and became 
Q.C. in 1885. He married (1875) the widow of R. W. Thomson, 
but she died in 1888. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society, and 
has recently been promoted by the French Government from 
Knight to Officer of the Legion of Honour. He sat for Clapham 
1885-6, but was defeated at the General Election. Represented 
South Hackney 1894-5. He was an alderman L.C.C. 1893-5. 
He is an expert in Patent Law, and has written in advocacy of 
taxation of ground values, old-age pensions, &c. He married 
on May 20th, 1901, at Naples, Miss Mary May Henry-Davis, a 
beautiful and wealthy American lady, of Syracuse, New York, 
and La Floridiana, Naples. Mr. Moulton is reputed to be one 
of the wealthiest men at the Ear, and has been very fortunate 
with his briefs. One of his claims to political fame is that he and 
Mr. Haldane drew up the details of Sir William Harcourt's Death 
Duties Budget, and the story goes that the Knight of Malwood 
locked them up in a room until he got a satisfactory result. 



Sir Lewis William Molesworth, 11th baronet, of Pencarrow, 
Cornwall — who is now the Member for South-East Cornwall, or 
Liskeard Division — was born in 1853 at his grandfather's seat, 
Trewarthenick, is the eldest son of the late Sir Paul Molesworth, 
some time rector of Tetcot, Devon. Sir Lewis was educated 
privately, and instead of going to the University went abroad to 
travel. Sir Lewis was in 1873 in the United States of America, 
and whilst there took part in the expedition of the U.S. troops 
against Sitting Bull, the great Sioux warrior, spending the 
greater part of one year in the unexplored country between the 
Upper Mississippi and the Rocky Mountains. 

In 1875 Sir Lewis married Jane Graham Frost, the 2nd daughter 
of Brigadier General D. M. Frost, of St. Louis, U.S.A., a retired 
officer of the United States Regular Army. For many years Sir 
Lewis has done a good deal of travelling in Africa and America. 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



187 




Sii; \\" 11. 1. 1 AM I,i;\\i,'> M(ii.i;:.\V(ii;rii. 1!\i;t., M.I' 



Sir Lkwis is a Liberal l^nionist, contested Launceston in 
1892 unsuccessfully, but reduced the majotity. He is in politics 
a follower of the Duke of Devonshire and Mr. Chamberlain, and 
holds broad and prog"ressive views on all the questions of the 
day, and is a strong- imperialist. On the death of his maternal 
uncle, Mr. Francis Glanville Gregor, Sir Lewis succeeded to the 
Gregor estates, and now resides at Trewarthenick, Grampound 
Road. 



188 



VENNING S POSTAL DIUECTORY, 



public riDcn. 



Our County Magistrates, Aldermen, and Councillors. 

Mr. J. W. Dingle, of 

North Darley, is the 
oMiier of the estate 
of Darley, which he in- 
herits from a h)ng line 
of ancestors, wlio have 
owned and fanned it for 
at least 400 years. In 
county and local affairs 
Mr. Dingle has long 
taken an active interest, 
!ind with a view to ob- 
taiiung a position on 
tlie County Council he 
ottered himself as a 
candidate for tiie St. 
Cleer Division, but was 
defeated by the late 
^fr. E. P. Kittow. Mr. 
Dingle was for many 
years vice-chairman of 
the Liskeard Board of 
(luardians and cliair- 
man of the Assessment 
Committee ; lie wasalso 
a member of tiie late 
Callington Highway 
Board, and also a mem- 
ber, and the first cliair- 
man, of the Linkin- 
horne School Board. Of 
the Devon and Corn- 
wall Chamber of Agri- 
culture Mr. Dingle is 
an original member, and 
in 1885 he was elected 
to tlie presidency. With 
the Western Counties Agricultural Co-operative Association, he has, too, 
been associated as a director from the establisliment of that important con- 
cern, the turn-over of which last year ^\^^L» about £400,000. ^Ir. Dingle 
can also claim membership of the leading agricultural societies, having on 
several occasions l)een elected to the Council of the Royal Cornwall Agri- 
cultural Association. In jiolitics Mr. Dinglcis a moderate Conservative, and, 
as a Churchiiian, lie has done a great ileal towards obtaining a new ciiurch 
for the accoiiiiiiodation of those i-esidiiig in the ^^'estern side of tlie i)arishof 
Liiikiiihorne. Mr. Dingle, who is now 75 years of age, is an Alderman of 
the t'ounty Council, and also a County JNIagistrate. 




Mr. John W. Dixclk, .j.i' 

Of Linkinhornc. 



C.A. 



Mr. William Hawk, of Kernock, St. Mellion, is the youngest of the 
county Aldermen, having been born at Kerno(d< in 1851. At tiie completion 
of his education, which commenced at home, and concluded at Tor College, 



s 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



189 



Torquay, Mr. HaAvk adopted aj^rionlture as an occupation, and some years 
since succeeded his futlier at Kenuxdv. Tliou^h stronj^ly in sympathy with 
Nonconformists, lie is a member of the Church of Enghmd ; and, ])eing active 
in })uhlic life, lias tilled 
the customary jjaro- 
chial offices of Over- 
seer and (iiuardian. Tu 
politics he has l)(;en 
a consistent supporter 
of the Liberal party ; 
but it was not until 
1880 that he took a 
very consi)icuons i)l;ice 
in the ))olitical world. 
About that time the 
farmers, in conse- 
quence of tlie depres- 
sion which prevailetl, 
were sending iiji a cry 
for agricultuiii I reform. 
At a large meeting- 
held at Callington, 
Mr. Hawk proposed a 
resolution whi(di sub- 
sequently formed a 
"jdank" inthefamoiis 
("allington i)latform. 
From that time he has 
been recognised as one 
of tlie county's leading 
advocates of agricul- 
tural reform ; l)ut, al 
though a staunch sn|>- 
porter of tenant right, 
lie has never counte- 
nanced the cry of I'ro- 
tection. On the con- 
trary, lie was a very 
formidabl(! ojiponeiit 
of the- Fair 'J'raders 




Mi;. 



\\ ii.i.i.v.M H.\wic, ,1.1*., C.A. 

.SY. Mcllion. 



who nuide them.seives so conspicuous in 1881-2'; and for tiie excellent ser- 
vice which he rendered to the Free Trade cause, he received a very compli- 
mentary acknowledgment from the ("obden riub in the sha])e of a handsome 
collection of Ijooks. As the representative of the Devon and Cornwall 
Chamber of Agiiciilture, of \\hicli he has been ])r(»sid(Mit, lie attended the 
imi)ortant Conference whi(di took place at the Central Cii.imber on the 
Tenants' Com])ensation IJill, and proposed amendments widch were after- 
wards adopted by I'arliainent. lie also gave evidence before the Koyal 
('ommission on the Housing of the Poor. Mr. Hawk has l)een chairman of 
the .Agricultural Committee of the Cornwall Comity Council, and is a vice- 
])resideiit of the Liberal Association of tlie Southeast Division of Cornwall, 
and works on Lilieral lines on the Council. 

Mr. Hawk is a linn supporter of local option and Sunday closing, and 
the litpior traffic has in him a strong opjionent ; whilst in sncii matters as 
the a]i]>ointmcnt of public olliccrs, lie pursues a jiolicy of the sti'ictest 



190 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



economy compatible with efficiency. He favours, in certain cases, 
increasing the rates on uncultivated but cultivata})le ground, believing 
tliat as tlie result a stimulus would be given to industry and relief to 
the ratepayers. 



Mr. Simon Philp Rattenbury, J. P., C.C., of Polhilsa House, Stoke- 
clinisland, Callington, is a yeoman, and belongs to a family who have for 
some centuries been yeomen in North Devon, Avhere they were the 
owners of large estates. Mr. Rattenbury's record as a County man is one 
which shows that his life must be a very busy and active one. He 



has for over twenty 
of the Launceston 
during most of 
been on the As- 
and Finance Com- 
of which he has 
some years. For five 
member of the Cal- 
Board liefore it was 
presence on most 
during that period 
proof of the respect 
as does also the 
which he was elected 
County Council to 
parishes of Stoke- 
Lawhitton, South- 
Steplien's-by-l.aun- 
he has been elected 
posed. He has also 
a member of the 
Callington Agricul- 
also a directorof tlie 
Works Company, 
Public Rooms and 
pany,Ltd, and other 
has also been chair- 
man of the Stoke- 




Mr. S. p. Uattkmjurv, 

././'., C.C.. Stokerlimsfanrl. 



years been a member 
Board of (Guardians, 
which time he has 
sessment, Visiting, 
mittees, the latter 
been chairman for 
years he was a 
lington Higliway 
dissolved, and his 
of its Committees 
affords excellent 
in wliich he is held, 
unanimity with 
in 1889 on the 
represent the five 
climsland, Lezant, 
Petherwin, and St. 
ceston, for which 
three times un-op- 
for many years been 
Laiinceston and 
tural Associations, 
(_'al lington Water 
Ltd., the Callington 
Coffee Tavern Com- 
public works. He 
man and vice-chair- 
climsland School 



Doard for twelve years. As an authority regarding the cultivation of waste 
lands, his views are the result of personal experiments, for during the 
distress' occasioned through the stopping of Holmbusli and Ivelly Bray 
Mines, Mr. llattenl)ury employed over eighty men, Avho were thus thrown 
out of employment, in reclaiming and bringing into cultivation al)out sixty 
acres of wastelands, which had i)reviously been of no use. Politically Mr. 
Rattenbury is a Liberal, he is in favour of hjcal option and Sunday closing, 
and of placing the ])olice under the sole control of the County Council. As 
a member of tlie Bible Cluistian denomination he has Hlled all the Society 
and Circuit offices, and for many years has been the representative to their 
conference and on the Connexional Committees. 



He was born at Stokeclimsland on 16th June, 
Kate, the only surviving child of the late Mr. 
Lawhitton. 



1840, and in 1880 married 
T. Symons, of Tregada, 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



191 



Mr. Nicholas Coad Avas born at Mornick, a small farm in the parisli 
of Southhill, Callington, in 1834. In 1854 he removed to Trewassick, 
wliich lias been successfully fanned by him and his family from that date. 
In 1876 he removed to Penj^'elly, wliere he now resides. Mr. Coad has been 
regarded as one of the leading;- agriculturalists of the neijiiil)ourliO()d, and 
has always taken a dee]) interest in public questions affecting the prosperity 
of the agricultural community. He was a prominent member of the well- 
known Callington jilatform, where he never flinched from publicly denounc- 
ing any grievance which he thought was unduly pressing on the oldest and 
most important in(histry of our country. For many years he was a member 
of the Callington Highway and Lisk'eard l>oard of Cuardians. When a 




Mi;. N. Coad, C.C. 

vacancy occurred in the St. Cleer division of the Cornwall County Council 
through the death of Mr. E. P. Kittow, a large number of electors in the 
division thought tliat after so numy years exi)crience in public matters 
generally, that Mr. Coad was tlie most 'litting man to lill the vacaiu-y, and 
although late in the field was returned at the head of tlic ]ioll. In religion, 
altliougli holding very broad views, and ready to help any section of the 
Church which has for its object the uplifting of mankind, he has been, and 
still is, a loyal member of the Wesleyan Methodist body. 

Mr. Coad has the honour of being the owner of a porti(m of Killaton 
estate, which is the name of llie oldest of the Duchy ^Manors in (u-eat 
Britain 



192 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORV. 




Mr. J. TkkhAiNE, J. p. 
Linkinhornc. 



Mr. John Trehanp:, of North Coonibe, Linkinhorne, is the descendant 
of a long line of yeomen, who have resided in the i)ari.sh from three to four 
hundred years. 

Mr. Trehane was born in 1854. He has always taken a prominent part 
in all parochial and distiict ati'airs ; for many years he was cliurchwarden, 
and has been Cliairman of the Parish Council. He is at jiresent a trustee 
of the Parish Charities, Chairnum of the School Board, a Commissioner of 
Taxes, and a County Magistrate. In politics he is a staunch Con- 
servative. 



VENNINGS POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



193 




Mi;. I!()Ih:i;I(K I'oijtki: (Mayor nf Saltash). 

Mk. RoDKiiicK I'oiiTKi!, of (Jlcnside, Saltash, is the son of the late Mr. 
Williiiin S]iicor I'oitcr.aiuloiilv uTaiulsoii of tho late Captain AVilliuiii i'orter, 
of tilt" 40tli ite-iiiiciit. 

.Mr. I'orter was born at Saltash in 1862, and is a partner in the firm of 
(iinn and I'orter, Solicitors, of Plynionth aiid Saltash. In November, 1897, 
be was eh'cted a Conncillor for the l>orouj;h of Saltash, and after three 
years" scrvire on the < 'onncil was re-elected in No\end)er, 1900, and after- 
wards chosen .Mayor. 

.Mr. I'orter is closely connected with the adjoining,' ])arisli of St. 
Stephens-by-Saltash, his fannly havinj^^ resided in or near Treniaton for 
centuries. 

He is married to his i-ousin, l''ll(>n TiOveday, only daughter of the Rev. 
E. J. Porter, the vicar of Welcondje, North Devon. 



194 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



only 



The Rev. 
R. P. Davey, 
Wesleyan Min- 
ister now station - 
ed at Williton, 
Somerset, is 
well known in 
Metliodistcircles 
tliroughout East 
Cornwall, and 
has travelled 
in the district 
embraced in our 
Directory for 14 
years, being a 
longer perioil 
than any other 
Wesleyan ]Min- 
ister has been 
stationed in this 
district in full 
work. For six 
years he was in 
the Callington 
Circuit, six i n 
North Hill, and 
t\\()inTavi>t()cl<. 
wliich in 1854 in 
eluded Gnnnis- 
lake and Cal- 
stock. 

He was born at 
Liskeard on Feb- 
ruary 18th, 1836, 
and entered the 
^linistry as a 
married man in 
1864. 

He married 

Elizabeth, the 

laughter of Thomas and Honor Toms, of Liskeard. After taking 




Rev. R. p. Davey. 



ordinary Circuit work for eleven years, he went into Mission work in 
East Anglia, Bath and Cornwall — three years in each place. He Avas 
one of the fii'st appointed by the Conference for Home Mission work, 
and Avas successful. After nine .years he returned to ordinary 
Circuit work, and has been the means of raising thousands of [lounds 
towards the various Chapel schemes in the Circuits where he has laboured, 
notably in Callington, North Hill, and Jersey. He not only incites 
others to give, but sets a good example by giving himself, and has 
personally contributed, with his wife — who has always been a noble help- 
mate in all his toil in the Christian Ministry— no less a sum than 130 guineas 
to tlie Twentieth Century Fund of INIethodism 



:- J. VENNING, e 




ll^acWnc Printer, = = 
Stationcn Book$clkr» = 
Paper lianainas, ana = 
Tancp 6ooa$ WarcDousc 

POST OFFICE, 

CALLINGTON. 



Large Variety of 
HIGH-CLASS - - 

and also 
CHEAP GOODS. 



Novelties In every - 

,^<5>C Department. 




Post Office, Callington. 



Wlicii on this bouse, or person you look, 
You'll know wliere & who pulilislicd tliis hook 
Ho who reads it useful instruction gains, 
Hut it cost the Author mucli toil and pains. 

Don't forget also to patronise, 
All who in this hook do advertise, 
Because without their patronage and aid, 
It would never have heen printed or made. 

If j-ou should require at any time, 
Whate'er is in the publisher's line; 
If not in stoeic, he will get a supply, 
And the smallest orders will not deny. 

Printing with variety and design. 
Executed to order, in g^ood time ; 
In fact all kinds of Printing is done, 
By J. Venning, Printer, Callington. 




^ 



<tC--3|> 



Yours ttiilv. I. N'L.NMNCi. 



Cornwall anb Devon County Sessions, 

Bij Act of I'arliament, commences in every year, 
The 1st whole week after the followini;- dates, viz. :— 31st March, 24th June, 

lltli Octol)er, 28th December. 



Table of Coaches/Buses&Carrieps to and from Callington. 



Name. 


Destination. 


Days. 


Arrival. 


Departure. 


EAST CORNWALL 
COACH 


Tavistock & 
Liskeard 


Every Week- 
day 

Daily 


9-20 a.m. 
4-50 p.m... 

3-10 a.m 


9-30 a.m. & 
5- p.m.... 

6-30 p.m.... 


RICKARD (mail) 


Saltash 


, , (conveyance) 


Saltash 

Saltash 

Sugar 
Refinery, 
Plymouth 

Sugar 
Refinery, 
Plymouth 

Saltash 

Saltash 

Saltash 


Daily 


9-30 a.m., & 

Wed's 

10-45 a.m. 
1- p.m.... 

8-30 p.m.... 

9- p.m.... 

7-25 p.m.... 
1- p.m.... 
9- p.m.... 


6-15 p.m 


,, (mail) 

(bus) 


Every Week- 

da.y 

rues.,Thurs. 
& Saturdays. 

Tues.,Thurs. 
& Saturdays. 

Every Week- 
day 


9-45 a.m.... 
8-10 a.m.... 


,, (carrier) 

BOND (mail) 


6-30 a.m.... 
8-10 a.m 






,, (conveyance). 
,, (conveyance). 


Every Week- 
day 

Saturdays.... 


3-40 p.m.... 
12-15 p.m.... 


RICKARD (bus).... 


Launceston 


Saturdays... . 


7-30 p.m... 


9-30 a.m.... 


RICHARDS, JEHI' 


Liskeard... 


Saturdays.... 


7- p.m... 


9-30 a.m.... 


KEAST 


Pensilva 


Wednesdays. 


12- a.m.... 


5- p.m.... 


WARWICK 


Calstock 


Wednesdays. 
Wednesdays. 


12- a.m.... 


5- p.m.... 


PODE 


Launceston 


12- a.m.... 


6-20 p.m. 


LANGMAN 


Altar nun... 


Wednesdays. 


12- a.m.... 


5-0 p.m. 


WALLIS 


Altarnun.. 


Wednesdays. 


L2- a.m.... 


5-0 p.m. 


FUGE 


Plymouth. . 


Wednesdays 


11- a.m.... 


11- a.m.... 


FUGE 


Lewannick. 


Fridays 


12-30 p.m.... 


1- p.m.... 


ABBOTT 


Rilla Mill. 


Wednesdays. 


1- p.m.... 


5- p.m.... 


PENNEY 


Luckett 


Wednesdays. 


3-30 p.m.... 


7- p.m.... 


TREWARTHA 


Harrow- 
barrow.... 


Wednesdays. 


3- p.m.... 


6- p.m.... 



^ 



i 



venning's postal directory. 197 

abbcnba anb lErrata to postal director?, 

PART I. 
ALTARNUN. 

Stephens, R., Higher Tregunnon, instead of Mr. F. Herring (left). 

Herring, Mrs. (left). 

J. B. Cock, Bolventor (deceased). 

John Jeffery, Austle^ instead of A. Holman. 

CALLINGTON. 

CALLINGTUN'S FIRST IIIUAX COUNCIL. 

Elected SepteinlH'v 27tli, 1901. 

votes. 

J. Furze, labourer 176 

H. Davis, doctor 171 

G. Ryder, fai'mer 159 

W. Goodman, tanner 15() 

G. D. Brendon, ironmonger 153 

J. Symons, farmer 151 

T. R. Hicks, farmer 149 

F. Golding, hotel proprietor 148 

T. Batten, baker 147 

R. H. Veall, schoolmaster 143 

G. Hawke, merchant 137 

G. Body, gentleman 124 

Chairman, H. Davis; Clerk, J. P. Blight; Sanitary Inspector 
and Surveyor, W. Pearce ; Medical Officer, H. Davis, jun. 



Rev. J. Ball, U.M.F.C. Minister, instead of T. Casely. 
U.M.F.C. Circuit was divided from Liskeard in 1884, instead of 
1879. 

Pridham, James, farmer, Colquit, instead of Hingston. 
Payne, Manager Plymouth Breweries, instead of S. C. Williams. 

CALSTOCK. 

Butt, Rev. W., B.C. Minister, Gunnislakc, instead of Rev. B. A. A. 
Batt. 

Gibson, Rev. G., Wesleyan Minister, Gunnislake, instead of Rev. 
C. Symes. 

Schofield, Rev. G. H., Wesleyan Minister, Calstock, instead of 
Rev. F. F. Hawkey. 

Biscomh, Saml., St. Ann's Chapol (deceased), now Mr. Downing. 

Parkcn, Geo., miller, Harrowbarrow Mills (left). 



198 venning's postal directory. 



CALSTOCK (Conh7tued). 

Martin, W. R., farmer, Brookland (left). 

Williams, Mr., instead of Mr. Pomroy, Kelly. 

Grills, Wm., butcher, Albaston (deceased), now Paul Lewis, 
butcher, Albaston. 

Martin, John, Latchley (deceased). 

Neal, W. H., Latchley, instead of W. Stephens (left). 

Veale, Wm., St. Ann's Chapel (deceased). 

Martin, John, Chilsworthy, instead of John Woolcock. 

May, Wm., Relieving Officer, Gunnislake, instead of W. P. Bolt 
(left). 

St. Ann's Chapel Post Office has recently been opened for 
Telegraph business. 

ST. DOMINICK. 

Herring, Wm., left Brendon for Brighton Farm, Landrake. 

ST. GERMANS. 

Bond, A., farmer, Heskyn. 

Carpenter, G. H., farmer, Treskelly, instead of Carracawn. 

ST. IVE. 

Griffin, Fred., instead of Mr. Carkeet, shopkeeper. 
Fursman, John, Charaton (deceased). 

LEWANNICK. 

Tucker, J., Trenhorne, instead of J. Fuge (retired). 
Haly, Miss, left Trenhorne for Pensilva, St. Ive. 

NORTHHILL. 

Davy, Frank, Trefursdon, instead of William. 
Smale, Mrs., Coadsgreen (deceased). 

Coumbe, E. D., Coadsgreen, from Mornick, Southhill. 
Broad, Rev. J. N., Wesleyan Minister, The Manse, Coadsgreen, 
instead of Rev. A. Hoad. 

SALTASH. 

Rev. W. H. Huggins, Wesleyan Minister, instead of P. Ellis. 
Mortimer, H. T., and family, 8, Home Park Place (all deceased). 

STOKECLIMSLAND. 

Downgate Post Office. — F. Griffin, sub-postmaster, instead of R. 
Johns (retired). 

S. S. Davey, auctioneer and farmer, removed from Pitt to Lanhargy 
in Linkinhorne. 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 199 

ESTABLISHED OVER A CENTURY. 

(J. Treleav^en S Soia, 

(Of LAUNCESTON) ATTEND AT THEIR SHOP IN 

Callin^fon JUar^ef everu Weclr|esclau 

■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■iiiiaaiiiiiiidiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii 

Boy's aed Meo's Clothittig 

^^m ready for weaifo 

Splendid Ranges of Patterns for Clothing 

Made to Measure. 

jF'lT AND Y^ORKMANSHIP OF THE BeST. 

Ladies' Costinmes, ,^^^;\ 

Jackets, ainid MantleSo 



»■• • 9 « • •• • «:«:*:v.*:*:«:«.«.4 



'9 



^*\ Qeratlemeini's UmbreMa^ 
.^^/ Hats, and Hosieryo 



i^^vcfytl^ii)^ foi' 0eiitleiiieii'f^ wcki'. 

^ur T re leaven & Son, 




''i^bv Broad Street, 

X^ ^^?5^^^^i^^>^ Launceston. 



100 venning's postal directory. 



ARE YOU fllUSIGAlt ? 



FOR PIANOS 

Go to Moon & Sons. 

FOR ORGANS 

Go to Moon & Sons. 

FOR MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 

Go to Moon & Sons^ 

FOR ANY SHEET MUSIC 

Write to Moon & Sons. 



Moon & Sons, 

Piano Mercmai 

P 



CHANTS, " "^ J 

LYMOUTH. 1 



I 



VENNING-'S 



ISoticcs 



OF 



20 Parislies in EAST CORNWALL, from A.D. 450 to 1901. 



CORNWALL. 



HERE is no reliable historical know- 
ledge of the County before the Roman 
Conquest of Britain ; but we know 
that from a very early period supplies 
of tin were obtained either by the 
actual visits of Phoenician or Cartha- 
ginian traders, or through Gaul. 

The County has been styled " Little 
Britain," because its form resembles 
thn outline of England inverted. It is con- 
sidered the most remarkable County in England, 
not merely on account of its geographical 
position and mineral wealth, but also because 
it has a history (and formerly had a language) 
peculiarly its own; it has little in common with 
the other divisions of England. It is penin- 
sulai', of a triangular shape, tapering westward 
from Devonshire to the Lands End, and is 
washed on the north, west and south by the 
ever restless sea. 

ts ancient name " Kerniw " signified 
" Horny," which is most appropriate for its 
shape : the shores of this peninsula, like the head of a stag, 
thrust many an antlei-ed promontory forth against the sea ; hence 
it was the horn -shaped projection of iis shores that suggested 




2 VENNING's HISTORICAL NOTICES. 

the name for Cornwall. The Romans called it " Cornubia " 
— "Horn of Plenty," denoting both its figure and resources. 

It formed part of the British Kingdom of Damjioyiia, which 
long withstood the advance of the Saxons westward, and whose 
independence disappeared about 928. The continued independ- 
ence, however, of Cornwall is evidenced from " Cornwealhas " — 
the Welshmen of the " Horn." The effectual subjection of 
Cornwall by the Norman Conquerors was the creation of " that 
great Earldom and Duchy of Cornwall, which was deemed too 
powerful to be trusted in the hands of any but men closely akin 
to the royal house, and the remains of which have for ages 
formed the appanage of the heir-apparent to the crown." (Free- 
man, iv., p. 170.) 

The original inhabitants were Cymry or Cimmerians, being a 
branch of the Celtic race ; and the ancient language belonged to 
the Brythonic or Cymric group of the Celtic tongues, and was 
akin to Welsh and Breton. It was generally spoken until the 
reign of Elizabeth, and was used in public worship until 1678. 
Doll Pentreath, the last person who could speak it, died at the 
age of 102, in 1778. The old language remains in the names of 
persons, places, and situations ; a few plants and animals ; and 
a few words are in constant use among fishing and mining 
localities. Cornwall has long been regarded by the popular 
English mind as an outlandish County ; and in past ages has 
been spoken of as a land of man-eating giants, of doleful goblins, 
and of witches and piskies ever haunting its moors and woods. 

It has also been styled the " rocky land of strangers " ; with 
equal appropriateness it may be called the " hilly." It possesses, 
not only shores deeply indented and lashed by the sea, but also 
precipitous headlands, beautiful and fertile valleys, greenly 
luxuriant river banks and dells, sterile hills with granite peaks 
and levels, on which the scanty soil produces little more than 
heather, gorse, and brambles. The diversified and romantic 
scenery baffles description, and other attractions are numerous 
and valuable. There are ample resources for the rambles of the 
tourist and lover of nature ; rocks and mineral veins for the 
student of geology and mineralogy ; monumental antiquities for 
the researches of the antiquarian ; and immense treasures of 
folk-lore. It is the land of the wild, the picturesque, and the 
imaginative. The beauty and antiquities of the whole County 
will apply with equal import to that portion of East Cornwall, 
whose brief history is given in these pages. 

Our boundary on the east side is the beautiful and meandering 
Tamar ; on the west the far-famed legendary Dosmary Pool, and 



ALTABNUN. 



the long range of Caradon Hills including the noted Cheese- 
wring, the highest points in the whole district, and 1,200 feet 
above sea level. On the north we have historic Launceston and 
the surrounding district ; whilst on the south we have part of the 
Hamoaze, the Lynher Creek, and reach as far as Whitesand 
Bay, and the beaches and cliffs of Downderry and Looe, which 
are ever facing the tossing waves of the English Channel. This 
area gives abundant scope for historical research, but we can 
only touch upon a few events of the past in the pages of so small 
a local work. 

We purpose taking the respective parishes of the district in 
alphabetical order, that it may be more convenient for future 
reference ; instead of as in the last edition, from Callington as the 
centre where these Historical Notices are published. 



ALTARNUN. 

The name of this parish is generally supposed to 

PATRON have been derived from its patron saint St. Nonna, 

SAINT. or Nonnita or St. Nun, the mother of St. David, of 

Wales, of whom the Eev. W. S. Lach Szyrma 
writes : " She was a lady of great beauty, who probably lived in 
Altarnun parish. She married a Welsh king, and her son was 
the famous St. David, patron of "Wales, whose festival — St. 
David's Day — is still kept as the Welsh national festival. The 
legend is that the Welsh wanted to elect an arch-bishop, and 
thought (not unlike many of our Cornish folk of to-day) that he 
ought to be a great preaclier, wlio could be heard by a large 
assembly. They tried bishop after bishop at their great national 
convocation of clergy and laity, but every one said that each was 
inaudible to part of the assembly ; but when they called on St. 
David he could be heard by every one, so they made him arch- 
bishop. His virtues are said to have been partly due to his 
mother's loving care." 

He died about the year 544, supposed to be at the advanced 
age of 145 years. 

We were informed by some of the oldest inhab- 

ST. NON'5 itants of this parish that St. Nun's Well is sup- 

WELL. posed to be in a field not far distant from the 

Church on the east side, the water of which was 
said to be famous for the cure of lunatics. Carew, in his " Survey 
of Cornwall," gives the description of the cure : — 



VENNING S HISTOKICAL NOTICES. 



" In our forefathers' dales, when deuotion as much exceeded knowledge, 
as knowledge now comnieth short of deuotion. there were many bowssen- 
ing places, for curing of mad men. and amongst the rest, one at Alter- 
nunne. called S. Nunnes Poole, which saint's altar (it may be), by jmrs 
pro tola, gave name to the church : and because the manner of this bows- 
seniiig is not so unpleasant to heare. as it was uneasie to feele. I will (if 
you please) deliver you the practise as I receyued it from the beholders : 
" The water running from S. Nunnes Well, fell into a square and close 
walled plot, which might be filled at what depth they listed. Upon this 
wall was the franticke person set to stand, his backe towards the poole and 
from thence with a suddon Ijlow in the brest. tumbled headlong into the 
pond, where a strong fellowe provided for the nonce, tooke him and tossed 
him vp and dowiie alongst and athwart the water, vntill the patient, by 
f( regoing his strength, had somewhat forgot his fury. Then was hee 
conueyed to the chu-ch. and certaine masses sung ouer him ; upon which 
handling, if his right wits returned. S. Nunne had the thanks : but if there 
appeared small amendment, he was bowssened (or dipped) againe and 
againe. while there remayned in him hope of life or recouery." 

The Eev. A. H. Malan, m.a., vicar, in his interesting pamphlet 
on Altarnun Church, written in 1890, says : " Nothing what- 
ever remains of the enclosure (referred to by Carew) of St. Non's 
Well, of sufficient area to topple an epileptic patient bodily into- 
it — to recover (or drown) as best he might ; all that is left being 
a narrow three-sided piece of low walling about the size of and 
resembling an ordinary roadside well, bereft of water through 
draining the meadow land hard by, and till recently exposed to- 
the ravages of cattle. A covering stone has now been provided 
and set in place, the walling repaired, and the corner of the field 
in which it lies is fenced off." 

Dr. Oliver writes respecting this church : " Alter- 
THE non, supposed to be the Penponta of Domesday, 

CHURCH, the largest parish in the county (15,014 acres), was 
granted to Robert, Earl of Mortmain and Cornwall, 
by his uterine brother King William the Conqueror. This noble- 
man married Matilda, daughter of Roger Montgomery, and dying 
in 1091, left a son, William, successor to his property. The young 
Earl became the founder of S. S. Peter and Paul's Cluniac 
Monastery of Montacute, in Somerset, and amongst other of his 
possessions in Cornwall, endowed it with S. Neot's, the Rectories 
of Alternon and othei- places. When Henry I. seized the crown, 
the Earl espoused the cause of the Conqueror's eldest son, 
Robert, and for so doing he was outlawed, and his estates for- 
feited ; still, it appears Henry suffered the above-mentioned 
donations to Montacute Priory to pass unmolested. With respect 
to Alternon, Prior Mark and his convent of INIontacute trans- 
ferred their rights in its church to William Briwere, Bishop of 



ALTARNUN. 




Pliiito by] 



AI.IAItNrN ( IIUKC 11 AMI Vl( AllAciK 



[IJ((//in(l//. 



Exeter, in July, 1'236, and in the following year, tlie Bishop 
granted its appropriation to liis J)ean and Chapter.''^'" 

"From a survey of tiie parisli in 1'281, we discover that the 
service book of the church (ordinale) was good and suflicient 
after tlie Saruni rite — that it contained a life of St. Moniiac, 
William of Worcester, ijuoting the calendar of St. Micha'l's 



*And the Dean and Chapter declared (1'2.")7) that tliey aceei>ted "from 
the Hisli()|) with the concurrent consent of Al)bots of .Montacnte and 
CluiH. the Chinch of Alteiiion. with the l)nrdens neveitheless nnder- 
wr'itten ; (1 ) to provide for a ()erpetiial N'icar a sufficient maintenance 
fi'oin the profits of the Church witiiout any ditticulty. so that the A'ii'arage 
sliall not exceed i> marks; (2) to ])ay 24 Vicars of the Cathedral Church of 
Exeter 12 maiks. and to the 12 Clerks of the Second Form (> marks, and 

the I4hoy.sof the Tiiird Form 7 marks yearly who shall 

diligently and devoutly assist in the daily mass of the lilessed Virgin; 
C>) to preserve the anni\ersary of lioid William IJishop of Ivxetei'. <i;ivintr 
each Canon jjresent 4 pen(;e. each Virar 2 pence, and all the rest in the 
choir of second and tiurd form 1 penny, iiut clerks and boys in tlie thiid 
form a sintjrle farthint,'. 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



Mount, affirms that her remains lay within the parochial church 
of Alter n on." 

'•'A chapel at Nonnestonys in this parish, was licensed by 
Bishop Stafford, 18th September, 1400. From this parish sprang 
the ancient family of Trelawny. To John Trelawny and his 
wife Matilda had been conceded, in 1400, the privilege of an 
oratory at Trelawny, Treganek, and Woleston." 

The Church of St. Nun, or Nonna, is an edifice of stone in the 
Perpendicular style, consisting of chancel, nave of four bays, aisles, 
north and south porches, and a lofty embattled western tower 
with pinnacles, containing five bells. It has a very fine oak roof, 
aud a handsome rood screen, panelled and traceried fsee illustra- 
tions of interior and exterior j ; the stairs to the rood loft remain 
in the north aisle, and in the south aisle is an ancient piscina 
and bracket. The chancel contains an aumbry and two very 
curious paintings — dating from about 1620 — of the "Crucifixion," 
and the "Administration of the Holy Eucharist." 

The chancel, whicli embraces the eastei'ii end of the side aisles, 
and the connuunion rails with the following inscription occupy 
the whole width of the church : — 

'■ Joh/L Uiiddle, Minister of LiuiceHton. Preh. of Exo/i. and, Vicar of this 
P'hIi A)iH(i 10S4. William Prideaiix and Sainpxon Coirl, Cht(rcJurarde?iH." 

The fine old oak bench ends, considering their age, are in an 
exceedingly good state of preservation ; they are of per^endic- 
ular work ; 17 inches wide, 2 feet 9 inches high; each of a single 
slab of oak, accurately designed, and remarkably well executed ; 
but they show a great deal of repetition, as though the designers, 
having got hold of certain devices, endeavoured to ring the 
changes upon them to the utmost. The end next the Font gives 
the legend EObART: DA YE MAKER: OF ThIS WOEKE ; 
& WILLYAM BoKIMhAM CURAT lOHN : HODGE Ch . . 

. . . MD , the last letters of the date being obliterated ; 

but " the seats were erected after Bishop Oldliam's time, who sat 
at Exeter from 1507 to 152rS, for on one of them ai-e the Arms of 
See of Exeter, as borne at present ; but down to his death the 
sword, which is now in pale, was placed in saltire with the keys." 
This would agree with the era of the Lewannick benches (since 
destroyed by fire), one of which was dated 1546. 

The Church was thoroughly restored in 1867 at a cost of about 
£1,280, and the rood screen in 1888 at a cost of £240. 



ALTARNUN. 




Pliiito hi/] 



ALTAKNUN CllfltClI — IN IKIMoK. 



. I //. Malan. 



The Tower is of tliree stages, 109 feet high and con- 

THE tains 121 steps ; embattled with crocketed pinnacles ; 

TOWER, up to second string course, including west door and 

window above, of transition Norman ; third stage 
Perpendicular. It has been struck by lightning on two occasions : 
once in 1791, when one of the pinnacles was injured ; and again 
in 1810, when a similar accident occurred, the broken pinnacle 
carrying with it a great part of the battlement and crashing 
through the roof. The tower was also nuich shattered by the 
same storm. 



MONUMENTS AND Outside the Church against the east wall 
EPITAPHS. are the following plain slate tablets : — 

Here lyeth ye body of ye Rovd Mr. Richard Wills, soniefcime Rector 
of (Jidleigli. in ye county of Devon, and curate of this psh.. who departed 
this life ye 17th of May, Ano. Dom. 1712, in ye 32nd year of his age. 
William his infant son. and Dorcas his dautj;hter aged 6 years, died the 



same vear. 



Here lyeth the body of the Rev. Mr. Joseph Hatton, vicar of this 
pariah, who was buried April the "J^rd. Anno Dom. 172'J. and departed this 
life in the 51st year of his age. 



8 venning's historical notices. 



Here lyeth ye body of ye Reverend Mr. Aron Baker, M.A. ; and Vicar 
of this parish, who was buried ye 1.3th of Feb. in 1749-50. and departed 
this Hfe in ye H8th year of his age. 

Amongst the other inonuments in the churchyard, the most 
noted one is a large tomb enclosed within iron railings, with the 
following remarkable inscription : — 

•• Sacred to the memory of Dig or y hheJl. irho died in the Lord. 23rd June. 
179.5, in the 77th year of hl-i age. And of Elizabeth his irife. who exchanged 
earth for heaven, 8th October, 1S05, in the 87 th year of her age. They ivere 
the first who entertained the Methodist preachers in this County.Uved and 
died in the Conncvion, bid strictly adhered to the duties of the Establiahed 
Church. Reader may thy end be like theirs ! " 

'• From early life, under the guidance and influence of Diriue Grace, they 
strengthe7ied each' other s hands in God. miiting to bear their Redeemers 
Cross and promote the intercuts of his kingdom, in the face of an opposing 
irorld ; thus duly estimating scriptural Christianity ; in youth, health and 
strength their conduct v:as regulated by its precepts ; in age, infirmity and 
death they were .supported by its consolations, and in a happy immortality 
they enjoy its reward." 

There is also a plain slate stone erected to another veteran 
Methodist Churchman, inscribed as follows : — 

" This stone is erected by Henry Harris, to the memory of his Father 
Jonathan Harris, of Trewint in this parish. Yeoman, who departed this 
life May I'.tth. 1853. aged 84 years." 

•• He was for seventy years one of the Methodist Society, and died in 
that Connexion ; yet strictly adhered to his duty as a member of the 
Established Church."' 

The following stone tablets to the family of Nicolls are fixed 
at the end of the church : — 

"In memory of Elizabeth, the wife of Thomas Nicolls of this parish, 
who departed this life the 'Jth day of July, in the year 1811, aged 811 
years." 

•• Here lieth the body of Thomas Nicolls of this parish, who died April 
19th, 1794, in the 8:5rd year of his age." 

•• To the memory of Edward Nicolls. Yeoman of this parish, who died 
Dec. 16th, 184:i aged 85 years." 

This is the Edward Nicolls who was an infant when John 
Wesley visited Trerithick as hereafter referred to, and kneeling 
down, with his hand on the child's head, Mr. Wesley prayed that 
God's blessing might rest upon him. 

In the churchyard there is a plain granite kerbstone, in- 
scribed : 

'■ Robert Henry Tripp. M.A.. Oxon : for ?u years Vicar of this parish, 
who fell asleep March 1.3th. 1880. aged 72 years." 



ALTARNUN. 



Also a granite monument to the memory of the Rev. John 
Power, Vicar of this parish, who died in 1887. 

We give the following inscriptions because they are of special 
interest to the publisher of this Directory, who owes his exist- 
•ence to the two whose names are recorded. They died when 
he was a boy of 8 and 12 years of age respectively, and both 
were staunch and loyal Methodists. 

'■ Sacred to the memory of Lotan Venning, late of Trebant in this 
parish, Yeoman, who died Dec. 1st, 1858, aged 44 years." 

•• In memory of Martha, relict of the late Lotan Venning, of Trebant 
in tliis i)arish, who died Oct. (ith, \Ki\2, aged 40 years."' 

A marble tablet in the Wesleyan Chapel has the following : — 

'■ Sacred to the memory of Richard Bath, who died at Five Lanes, 
January 21ith. IN'.l'.t, aged K', years." 

'■ This Tablet was erected l)y the Teachers. Scholars and Friends of the 
Sunday Scliool. of which he was one of the Founders, and for over 60 
3^ears the Superintendent." 

On a monument in Blisland Cliurch to an Altarnun man is this 
■quaint inscription : — 

" Here lyeth the body of John Kempe. who lived at Altarnun and born 
in Tresmeak. being aged 75 years. 

Here's peace and rest, within ni}' grave. 
Which in my life could never have." 

This parish is made famous in the his- 

JNTRODUCTION OF tory of the introduction of Wesleyan 

METHODISM. Methodism in the County ©f Cornwall, 

by the visits of the Eev. John Wesley, 
A.M., its venerable founder, who first came to Trewmt in this 
parish, in 1743, and as will be seen by the inscription on the 
tombstone in the churchyard to the memory of Digory and 
Elizabeth Isbell, tliey had the honour of being the first to enter- 
tain the Methodist preachers in the county of Cornwall. 

In the house at Trewint where Pigory Isbell lived, thei'e is a 
porch still cai'efully preserved in which John Wesley preached, 
and what is known as the "prophet's chamber," where he often 
•slept. 

WF<>I FV'<s ^^'^ give an interesting account of Wesley's visits 
VISIT<s '"^'^' ^^'^^^ '^'^^ early Methodist preachers, taken 

from their diaries. 

In the autmnn of 1743, John Wesley visited Cornwall for the 
-first time, accompanied Ijy Mi-. Sheiiberd, Jolni Nelson, the 



10 venning's historical notices. 

Yorkshire stonemason, and Mr. Downs; the two latter had but 
one horse, so they rode in turns. Nelson writes : — 

" One day having travelled tv/enty miles without baiting, we came 
to a village, and enquired for an Inn. but the people told us there 
was none in the town, nor any on our road within twelve Cornish 
miles. Then I said " Come Bro. Downs, we must live by faith.' When 
we had stood awhile, I said • Let us go to yonder house, where the stone 
porch is, and let us ask for something.' 80 we did, and the woman said 
'We have bread, butter and milk, and good hay for your horse." When 
we had refreshed ourselves, I gave the woman a shilling, but she said " I 
do not desire anything.' I said ' I insist upon it.' We got to Bodmin 
that night, but it was late before Mr. Shepherd and Mr. Wesley arrived, 
having lost their path on the twelve mile common, and found their way 
again by the sound of the bells. Meanwhile, the man who lived at the 
house with the stone porch, came home from work. His wife was full of 
news, and said ' Two strangers on their way to Bodmin called and asked 
for something to eat, and when the meal was spread they prayed a bless- 
ing on it. They enquired if they might preach there. I told them T did 
not know what preaching was. but would ask you about it. When about 
to leave they knelt down and prayed in such a manner as I never heard 
before. They prayed without a book.' The man listened to his wife's 
narrative, and then replied " Well, I've read somewhere in the Bible how 
that angels have been entertained unawares. I tell you these strangers 
were not men. they were angels, and if they come this way again call in 
the neighbours, and let them preach to us.'" 

After visiting various places in Cornwall, Mr. Wesley returned 
to Bristol. A fortnight later Mr. Nelson and Mr. Downs fol- 
lowed. In his Journal Nelson relates : — 

" I was benighted on the twelve mile common and was wet to the skin,, 
but by the providence of God, I came to the house where I had called in 
going down. The woman knew my voice, after I had knocked at the 
door, and said " The Lord bless 3'ou, come in.' As soon as I went into 
the house they pulled off my wet clothes and put on dry ones, got me 
something warm for supper. They took my clothes out of my bags, 
which they rinsed, dried and ironed, commenced to sing a hymn, went to 
prayer, and I gave them an exhortation that night. The next morning 
the man rose up and alarmed that, and another village, so that by seven 
o'clock I had about 30') to preach to. who all seemed to receive the word 
with joy. I heard soon afterwards that the man and his wife who 
received us had received the Lord who sent us." 

The village referred to was Trewint, near Alternon, and the 
house with the stone porch was the abode of Digory and Eliza- 
beth Isbell. 

In 1744, Mr. Wesley again visited Cornwall. In his Journal 
he writes : — 

" Monday. 2nd April, 1744. I preached at five, at Sticklepath, and rode 
on to Launceston. The hills were covered with snow as in the depth of 
winter. About two o'clock we came to Trewint, wet and weary enough, 
having been battered by the rain and hail for some hours." 



ALTARNUN. 11 



Being informed of Digory Isbell's conversion, Mr. Wesley 
made his way to the house witli the stone porch, and received a 
cordial welcome. 

'• In the evening" lie writes : — "" I preached to many more than the hou.se 
wouki contain, on 'the happiness of him whose sins are forgiven.' In the 
morning Digory Isbell undertot)k to pilot me over the great moor, all the 
paths being covered with snow, which in many places was driven together 
too deep for horse or man to ])ass. Monda}', April Kith. In the afternoon 
we came again to Trewint. Here I learned that notice had been given of 
my preaching that evening in Laneast Church, which was crowded exceed- 
ingly. Mr. Bennet. the Minister of Laneast, carried me afterwards to his 
house ; and (though above 70 years old) came with me in the morning to 
Trewint. wheie I had promised to preach at five o'clock. Before we parted, 
Digor,y Isbell informed me of an accusation against me current in those 
l)arts. It was really one that which I did not expect — that I called my- 
self John Wesley ; whereas everybody knew that Mr. Wesley was dead." 

In 1745, Mr. Wesley again visited Trewint, and found that 
through the labours of the Rev Francis Walker, a clergyman of 
Truro, a great work vvas'going on. " Indeed " said Mr. Wesley, 
" I never remember so great an awakening in Cornwall, wrought 
in so short a time among young and old, rich and poor, from 
Trewint quite to the sea-side." 

The last time Mr. Wesley came to Trewint, was in September, 
1762. In the morning he preached at Camelford, afternoon at 
Trewint, and in the evening at Launceston ; but though Mr. 
Wesley ceased to visit Trewint, the work of Methodism was con- 
tinued. The house with the stone porch still standing, became 
the home of the Methodist preachers, and the centre from which 
Methodism spread to the villages around. 

Digory Isbell afterwards made special accommodation for the 
preachers. His house was small, and one day reading his well- 
worn Bible, he came to the narrative of the Shunamite, who 
seeing that the prophet Elisha was a man of God, said to her 
husband, " Let us make a little chamber on the wall and let us 
set there for him a bed, and a table, a stool and a candlestick, 
and it shall be when he cometh to us, that he shall turn in 
thither." Thinking he might do the same and being a mason by 
trade, Digory built a small chamber, in which the preachers 
should take their rest. To this day the little room may be seen 
adjoining the house, with a doorway leading from the stairs 
within. Here John Wesley repeatedly slept, and for many years 
it was called "the prophet's chamber." It was only a few weeks 
since the publisher entered this chamber, and stood in the porch 
where Wesley preached. 



12 venning's historical notices. 



The preaching services were held on the ground floor, although 
at times it failed to hold all who came to hear the word. Then 
A service was extemporised in front of the house, the preacher 
standing within the stone porch, while the congregation stood 
.around. In this house the little Society met in class, and here 
weekly prayer meetings were conducted every Sunday afternoon. 
Persecution soon arose, and a violent mob threatened to pull the 
house down, if the services were not discontinued. On one 
occasion Mr. Downs was the preacher, and when it became 
known that a service was to be conducted a furious crowd 
surrounded the house, and threatened the preacher's life. 
Alarmed by the threats, his friends advised him not to preach, 
but nothing daunted by his adversaries, Mr. Downs replied — 
"By the help of God I will preach," and gave out a hymn con- 
sisting of two verses : 

" If anj' ask the reason why 
We thus together meet, 
To sucli enquirers make reply. 
To wait at Jesu's feet 

And if you will not seek him too. 

Don't evil us entreat, 
Your land we're only passing through 

Our Saviour. God to meet." 

The hymn was sung to a common metre, two lines at a time 
being given out. The singing quieted the mob : they listened 
to the preacher and some were cut to the heart ; others went 
away ashamed. 

This event was followed by a season of prolonged peace, and 
the Trewint Society increased in numbers and in grace. Digory 
Isbell acquired the character of a truly good man, and main- 
tained an honourable reputation for 50 years, x^s an instance 
of his zeal it was recorded that three young men from Tavistock, 
having business at Trewint, not being able to procure lodgings, 
were directed to Digory, as the only person near, w^ho was 
•disposed to entertain strangers. They applied accordingly and 
were successful. Digory was away from home at the time, and 
the young men had retired to rest before he returned. Being 
informed by his wife what guests they had, he resolved not to 
allow his opportunity to pass. Digory rose up the next morning 
■early, shut the door as the young men came down stairs and said 
"you are my prisoners ! ' He then began to expatiate on the fallen 
state of man ; the dreadful consequences of dying without con- 
version ; and salvation through Christ Jesus alone. Then kneel- 
ing down with them he prayed that God would save their souls. 



ALTARNUN. j IS 



The young men who had been habitually gay and trifling, were 
much afi'ected, and on leaving the house, they promised to attend 
the Methodist preaching. The following Sunday, one of them 
went to hear the Eev. Philip Hardcastle preach at Tavistock, 
became convinced of sin, found mercy of the Lord, and with 
heart-felt gratitude, ascribed liis conversion to the prayer of 
Digory Isbell of Trewint. 

This Digory Isbell (as will be seen by his tombstone inscrip- 
tion) died in 1795, aged 77 years. His last words were " I'm 
not afraid to die." Ten years later his widow followed him. 
For some years she was confined to her bed, blind and deaf, but 
in Christ she had great peace. 

The Plymouth Dock Circuit was formed in 1784,. 

PLYMOUTH and included Plymouth, Liskeard, Callington, 

DOCK ' Kilkliampton, Holsworthy, Tavistock, Gunnis- 

CIRCUIT. lake, and the whole of the present North Hill 

Circuit, in which is Altarnun. We give in 

another place a list of the ministers who have travelled in this- 

circuit from that time up to the present. 

The first ministers for this extensive circuit were Eevs. Hy. 
Moore and Philip Hardcastle. In the second year of its exis- 
tence three preachers were appointed by the Conference to the 
circuit, viz. : — Revs. John Mason, J. King, and Adam Clarke, 
who afterwards became the renowned linguist and commentator. 
Trewint was one of the earliest preaching places in the cir- 
cuit, and after Digory Isbell and his wife passed away, the 
name of Jonathan Harris is mentioned as one of the 
leaders of the Methodist Society at Trewint. As will be 
seen by the inscription, which we give, on his tombstone 
in the churchyard, he was for 70 years a member of the 
Metliodist Society, and, like Digory Isbell, still adhei'ed 
to his duty as a member of the Established Church. Amoii"' 
the early Methodists of this parish were also John Taylor, 
a stonemason, who also lived at Trewint; Samuel Sleep, tlie 
choir master, and Ceorge Burnard, a class leader and local 
preacher; also John Nicolls, of Treritliick, and afterwards ids 
son, Edward Nicolls, of the same place, wlio was a child when 
John Wesley visited Trewint in 1762, and stayed at his father'a 
house at Treritliick. He was brouglit into the room where Jolin 
"Wesley was, who knelt down and put his hand on the cliild's- 
head and pleaded for the divine blessing to rest upon him ; 
which prayer was answered. 



14 venning's historical notices. 

This Edward Nicolls, or " Uncle Ned," as he was called, ren- 
dered great service at Altarnun to the work of God, which was 
commenced by his father. In the latter part of the Eighteenth 
Century a room was erected for the use of the Trewint Society in 
the Churchtown, by Mr. J. Nicolls, of Trerithick ; and services 
were then held there instead of at Digory Isbell's house at Tre- 
wint, where the Methodists had found a home for more than 40 
years. This room is the site of the present old chapel, and its 
€xact size may be seen in the stable beneath, where the original 
walls still remain. 

In 1826, this room was sold to the Methodists by Mr. Edward 
Nicolls for 999 years, subject to a peppercorn rent if demanded. 
Ten years later it was enlax'ged, built higher, the place of 
entrance altered, and a well-executed bust of John Wesley was 
made by Neville Burnard, the celebrated sculptor, when a young 
man in this parish, and placed over the door where it now 
appears. This was used as a chapel until 1859, when the 
present neat and commodious building was erected, and the old 
chapel is still used as a schoolroom. In connection with this 
schoolroom, formerly the old chapel ; in the year 1864 a singular 
episode occurred, which might have been attended with serious 
consequences, but were happily averted. A lecture was delivered 
to a crowded audience by Mr. W. Dunn, the temperance advo- 
cate and converted clown, when just after the collection was 
made, and the people were moving towards the door, the flooring 
of the hinder part of the schoolroom suddenly collapsed, and 
about one-half of the congregation were precipitated into 
the stable beneath, in which there were several horses ; 
but notwithstanding the frantic shrieks and cries of the 
frightened crowd, some of whom fell amongst the bewildered 
horses, they remained perfectly quiet. One lady in her be- 
wilderment clasped in eagerness the hind legs of one of the 
horses, thinking it was one of the members of her family. The 
clouds of dust that rose and filled the room caused a panic, and 
a cry of fire was raised by someone on the remaining part of the 
floor ; then there was a great rush for the windows, the exit by 
the door having been cut off by the fallen floor. Many made 
good their escape in this way, and, beyond a few cuts by the 
broken glass, very little damage was done, and no one was 
seriously injured. This incident always evokes laughter when 
related by those who were eye witnesses of the remarkable 
•occurrence. 



ALTARNUN. 



15 




Photo hij] THE WKSLEYAN CIIAl'Kl, AT ALTAKNUN. [Harris. Qactlt'cJc. 

THE PLACE OF MY WOESHIP WHEN VERY YOUNG. 



I remember ! 1 remember ! 

The mem'ry is to nie so (ieai'. 
Of the gracious seasons witness'd 

When I oft met for worship here. 

I remember ! I remember ! 

It was within these sacred walls. 
That many times I unheeded 

The Holy Spirit's loving calls. 

T can also well remember 

Some of the friends 1 used to greet. 
Who gather 'd in this holy ])lace 

Are now before the mercy seat. 

So shall I ever remember 

Some of the hymns that here were sung, 
They linger still on my mem'ry, 

And impress'd me when I was young. 

But oh ! the time soon came for me 
To leave this place of worship dear. 

For death removed my parents hence. 
And none were left to cheer me here. 



16 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



FLINT 
IMPLEMENTS. 

which have been 



and respecting 
paragraph : — 



In yon Churchyard their ashes lie 

To wait the resurrection morn, 
I ne'er shall forget the House of Pray'r 

Or the old home where I was born. 

As angels said when in the tomb, 

Come ! see the place where Jesus lay ; 
So should we say to those around. 

Come to the place where lov'd ones pray. 

J. Venning. 

By the courtesy of the Rev. A. H. Malan, the^ 
Vicar, we were shewn an interesting collec- 
tion of flint implements and specimens of 
tools used in the " pre-historic " period, 
collected from . the moors in this parish, 

following 



which he has kindlv written the 



"The most numerous flint-tools found in this neighbourhood are 
scrapers. These (of which at least the smaller were set in handles) vary 
considerably in size, but are all fashioned to one pattern. Of other hilted 
implements, well chipped knives are not uncommon. Spear heads vary 
much as to labour expended on them, some being quite in the rough, 
others admirably worked: and the same may be said of arrow-heads, 
which are of the usual tanged, socketed, leaf-shaped, and lop-sided varie- 
ties. Of celts (hatchets and chisels) I have met with only one or two; 
but these have been good specimens. Certain implements, to be held in 
the hand, apparently half-cutter and half-scrajier. seem to have been made 
right-handed and left-handed. Among the best worked and most puzzling 
examples of pre-historic skill are those of a circular shape — size from a 
sixpence to a florin — with the natural conchoidal surface forming one face, 
while the other has been carefully convexed by chipping, so as to produce 
a sharp-edged circumference. With these maj' be classed somewhat simi- 
lar examples, but of a semi-lunar shape, which, for lack of a better name, 
are usuallj' termed thumb-flints." 



TRE, POL, 
AND PEN. 



This parish is particularly noted for the triple Cor- 
nish prefixes to the places, for which Cornwall is- 
distinguished, according to the old adage : — 

"By Tre, Pol, and Pen, 

You may know the Cornish men." 



Here too is the barton of Trelawny, and from 

TRELAWNY this place was denominated that old and famous- 

FAMILY. family of gentlemen surnamed Trelawny, now 

baronets. It was their original seat, and the 
barton, with a deer park, was the residence of Sir John Trelawny, 



a distingushed military character 



back so far as the reign of 



ALTARNUN. 17 



Henry V. Over one of the gates of Launceston were the arms 
of that monarch, and under them this distich — 

" He that will do aught for mee. 
Let hym love well Sir John Trelawny." 

He was M.P. for the County and one of the coroners, which 
office in former times was conferred upon the fmost eminent 
knights in the shire alone. This ancient estate of the Trelawny 
family long since passed mto other hands, but was recently 
bought back to the family of Trelawny, of Trelawne, Liskeard. 
Tradition says "The greatest part of the stones that built the 
present Church and Tower of Alter Nun were brought from the 
dilapidated walls of Trelawny ; and much of the oak timber that 
roofs the same was also cut and carried from that barton." As 
the name Trelawny, derived from this ancient barton, is so well 
known, we give here that old county song, the burthen of which is 
repeated again and again at the present day: — 

"And shall Trelawny die .' 
And shall Trelawny die .' 
Twenty thousand Cornishmen 
Will know the reason why ! " 

This was the chorus given by many a stalwart Cornishman in 
honour of Jonathan Trelawny, when they were preparing to 
march to the Tower of London, where he had been imprisoned as 
one of the seven bishops by James II., in order that they might 
set him free. So much then for the estate of Trelawny and the 
family that originated there. 

In this parish, in the time of Charles II., 

PETER JOLL, says Hals, " lived one Peter Joll, Jowle, or 

150 YEARS OLD. Jowll, who is reported to have been the 

clerk or deacon of the Church, and was 
150 and odd years old when he died; and at the age of 100 years 
had new black hairs that grew out on his head amongst those 
that long before were white with age, and then also new teeth 
grew up in his jaws, in the places of those that many years before 
were fallen out of his head." That there was such a person as 
Peter Joll there is no doubt, as Mr. Jasper, who now owns what 
is called "Joll's Ground," has title deeds in his possession 
upwards of 300 years old, showing this property to have come 
through Peter JoU's possession ; hence it is called " Joll's 
Ground." 

The Rev. Samuel Hart, who was vicar of this parish in 1806, ^ays, " the 
family of i Joll, though not remarked in the registers, are remarkable for 



18 venning's histobical notices. 

their longevity; and this circumstance gives some countenance to Hals' 
account of the great age of Peter Joll. The only remaining one of the 
family is a woman 80 years old, who seems likelj' to live several years. 
She tells me that she had two aunts — of the family of Joll, — who lived 
respectively to the age of ninety; and that four George Jolls, father, son, 
grandson, and great-grandson, have attended divine service in Alternon 
Church at the same time. But it must be observed that this old woman 
had never heard of Peter Joll." 

On West Carne estate there are the reinaiiis of 
ANTIQUITIES, a small Eoinan encampment; and on the oppo- 
site hill another is plainly visible to the naked 
eye, which indicates a battle once fought there. Another field on 
the same estate called Church Park, also contains the remains of 
ruined foundations, said to be those of a Church that was once 
intended to be built; hence it is called Church Park On being 
informed that there was a very ancient inscription on the house 
of West Carne, which probably is the oldest in the parish, 
prompted by curiosity we visited it, and saw cut out of the 
granite lintel over the window these words — 

"ANNO DOMMYNE 1573 lOHN MOEYDEG." 

At the western end of the house there was formerly a granite 
pinnacle in the form of a cross, which had fallen down. On our 
way to West Carne we were pointed to a wayside cross, cut out 
of a large stone, which has been built into a hedge in the road 
between Altarnun Village and Austle ; and were informed there 
is another, similarly built into the hedge leading from Altarnun 
to Treween, at or near two gates ; also at Green Head there was 
once a wayside cross fixed in a circular granite font, which has 
been used in a like manner. In the Churchyard also there is an 
ancient cross. 

A pane of glass is preserved in the house at Tresmeak, formerly 
in the occupation of Mr. G. J. Venning, which was originally in 
one of the windows, with the name "James Howell, March 29th, 
1778," written on it. The writer was a predecessor of the 
Howells at Ethey. There is also an ancient stone at Tresmeak, 
with the letters " N.S.K.P., 1591," marked upon it. 

On each side of the garden entrance gate at Trebant farm- 
house in this parish, there are two large moulded granite stones 
of triangular shape (see illustration) with the date " 1 585," cut out 
in solid granite ; the figures 15 being on one side, and 85 on the 
other. These must have been the key stones of the entrance 
door of the old farmhouse here, which shows that it was built in 
the reign of Queen Elizabeth ; and is the only vestige remaining 
of the old house. A glass bottle in perfect condition was shown 



ALTAKNUN. 



19 



me at Trebant, in January of this year, over 100 years old, with 
the following words impressed on it : — ■" Geo. Venning, Bant, 
Alternmi, 1799." 

Trebant, which was the birthplace of the publisher of this 
Directory, has been occupied by the Venning family for many 
generations, and it was formerly owned by them ; but through 
the misfortune of one of the early ancestors, the estate was sold, 
and afterwards rented by the descendants of the family who 
formerly owned it until 1862, when the family were severed by 
the early death of their parents. It now belongs to Francis 
Hext, Esq., of St. Tudy, but is still occupied by relatives of the 
Venning family. 




Photo hi/] 



TP.KIJANT, Ai/i'ARNUN. [Harris. Quethiock 

TUE HOUSE WHERE 1 WAS BORN. 



Tliis ! this is the old House wliere I was l>orii. 
On whicli the sun slioiie in life's early morn : 
Above all the places I've been to on earth. 
Xo spot is i;o nie like the place of my birth. 

For here my parents tauffht me first to praj^ ; 
Here too in childiiooil's days they i)ass'd awa^' 
As one kee[)s ylancinii; on the familiar spot. 
It does not appear to have altei'cd one jot. 

There's still the garden where I used to play, 
And the same old fields where I used to stray 
The same elm tree under whose shadow I sat. 
And it's the same gateway I enter'd thereat. 



20 VENNING's HISTOKICAL NOTICES. 

There's the mossy well, where I used to drink. 
And of past happy scenes it makes me think. 
But ah ! the Home has been broken up since then, 
And it can never be quite the same again. 

The children are now scatter'd far and wide. 
For some have gone beyond the ocean's tide ; 
So the forty years that have elapsed since then, 
Have wrought many changes with women and men. 

But wherever I may wander or roam. 
I can never forget to think of Home ; 
Above all ])laces that are in east or west, 
I shall ever love my native place the best. 

J. Venning 



Tierithick, an ancient mansion, also built in the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth, was the residence of the family of Nicolls for 
generations ; and John Wesley was entertained there by the 
great grandfather of the late proprietor, Mr. Edward Nicolls, 
formerly of Plymouth and Callington, who died at Vancouver, 
British Columbia, in November, 1900. This estate now belongs 
to Messrs. Dingley and Co., bankers, of Launceston. 

A Celt mould and melting pan, both of Polyphant stone, were 
found long since in a tin work near the Church town. 

This parish is noted for tin lodes and streams, and in ancient 
days tinners used to have stream works on Trewint and Halvinna 
moors 

The name of this parish has been spelt in 
THE NAMES, different ways ; Altarnun is the modern way ; 

but in the registers until recent years it was 
invariably spelt as Alternon, and locally as Arternun, Halter- 
noon, Authornoon, Heart-or-None. 

There is a riddle concerning the name of this parish with 
which I was very familiar when a boy, viz. : — " Why is the 
parish of Alternon like the laws of the Medes and Persians ? " 
And the answer is, " Because it is Alter non." 



The Kev. A. H. Malan, M.A., Vicar of 

MODERN SPELLING this parish, writes as follows :— The 

OF NAME. modern spelling Altarnun is certainly 

wrong. The old spelling, in maps and 
registers, is invariably ALTERNON. About the final syllable 



I 



ALTARNUN. 21 



there is no doubt : it is the saint's name, S. Nonna. The other 
two syllables are probably not the English word "Altar"; if 
they signify two Cornish words, of which the first is abbreviated, 
or corrupted, it is most likely that the second would be the 
preposition AE ; so that tlie name would divide itself thus — 
ALT-AE-NON. 

The sources of two well-known county 
SOURCE OF TWO rivers are in this parish, viz. : — The river 
COUNTY RIVER5. Fowey and theLynher; the former rises 

at a place called Fowey Well ; at 
Palmer's Bridge it receives another stream, and assumes 
an appearance of some importance ; and passing between the 
parishes of St. Neot and St. Cleer, it receives the St. Neot 
river, which has its source in Dosmary Pool, at Tiiree Waters 
Foot. It then wends its way for some miles by the side of the 
Liskeard and Bodmin turnpike road ; other tributaries fall into 
it until it reaches Lostwithiel, where it becomes tidal, and is 
navigable for barges and rafts of timber. Passing on, it is joined 
by the Pelyn Brook and then Lerrin Creek and river, where it 
becomes a wide and deep haven ; two miles further it reaches the 
town of Fowey, where it forms a safe and commodious harbour 
for shipping of any size. Its whole course is nearly thirty miles, 
about six of which are tidal. The river Lynher rises a 
little to the west of Trewint, and in its course, SSE., 
passes through^ the parishes of Northhill, Linkinhorne and 
Southbill, and by Pillaton and Landrake to Notterbridge, where 
it becomes navigable, and spreads into what is called Lynher 
Creek ; four miles further, it continues its course between St. 
Stephens on the one side, and the parishes of Sheviock and 
Anthony on the other ; it joins the Tamar at Hamoaze, after a 
course of about tweiity-seven miles, six-and-a-half of which are 
tidal. The Penpont water also has its source in this parish, and 
passing between the village of Altarnun and the churchyard, falls 
into the Inney at Two Bridges. The village of Altarnun receives 
its more proper name of Penpont from this river. 

The town of Launceston derives its water 

LAUNCESTON supply also from this parish. The water 

WATER SUPPLY, is taken from the rivulet of Penpont near 

its source at Braydown, which is ten 
miles distant from Launceston. The work was completed about 
five years since at a cost of CI 0,000. 



22 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



BOTUSFLEMING 




Plinti, hi/] 



cmitcii AMI vii.i-A(ii;. 



[Capf. L. Chhtg. 



This Churcli is dedicated to St. Mary the 
THE CHURCH. Vii-gin. It was consecrated by Bishop 

BRONESCOMBP^, on October 18th, 1254. 
It was built by Sir Stephen le Fleming, who gave his name to 
the parish. " Botus " is said to mean " atonement, or making 
amendment," the church being built by this knight as a penance 
for his sins. It is also called Blo-Fleming, " Bio " being 
Cornish for parish. The recumbent effigy of this warrior is to 
be seen under a low arch in the north wall of the church, and 
the style of armour and shape of the shield show it to be very 
ancient. The Flemings were noblemen of Flanders, who came 
to England and settled at Stoke Fleming in Devonshire. 

At the Norman conquest this parish was rated with Pillaton. 
In the inquisition of paiislies taken by the Bishops of Lincoln 



BOTUSFLEMING. 23 



and Winchester, in 1294, it is rated as a distinct parish under 
the name of BOTEFLEMMEN, in East Wiltshire. 

The registers date from 1550, and contain many names 
formerly or still to be found in the district. 

The church having fallen into a very bad state — -the ancient 
walls having to be propped up witii posts — it was fully and care- 
fully restored in 1872 ; while the handsome church tower was 
partly restored in 1890. It consists of chancel, nave, north aisle, 
south porch (with a curious sun-dial above the entrance), and a 
tower with six bells (of these the four original ones were re-cast 
and two added by Gilbert Symkins, Esq., of Cross, in 1728). 
The font is probably the same age as the church. A peculiar 
feature of the interior is the carved niches placed half-way up 
the shaft, and is an evidence of style in Early English church 
architecture. 

The east window shewing the crucifixion with St. Mary and 
St. John on either side was erected by a former Eector, Eev. W. 
E. Vigor, to his wife and two sons. 

The Parish Stocks are still preserved in the Belfry. Close to 
the church and adjoining the school is the " bid well," or Holy 
Well, from which the parishioners get an unfailing supply of 
excellent water. At the entrance to the churchyard is an ancient 
" Lych stone," or coffin rest. 

What, however, will interest visitors to this 

MEMORIALS OF [)retty little churcli are the beautiful memo- 

QEN. SYMONS. rials to the late Major-General Sir William 

Penn Symons, K.C.B., who lost his life at 
the beginning of the Transvaal war, when in command of the 
troops at Glencoe (Talana Hill), on October 20th, 1899. 

First, we note the massive carved oak reredos above the altar. 
This is a very effective treatment of the vine rising to a height 
of over six feet, perforated so that the stained window at the 
back may be seen. Along the front of the ledge is carved — 

^•TO THE GLORY OF GOD, and to the memory of GENERAL 
SIR WILLTAM PENX SYMONS, K.C.B. This is the affectionate 
offering of the Tenantry and Parishioners. October "iilrd, IS'.)'.)," (this 
being the date of his death). This was dedicated by the Venerable H. H. 
Du Boulay. Archdeacon of Bodmin, April ath. IKOO. 

In July, 1900, the two side niches wei'e tilled with two angels, 
each two feet high, representing " The Angel of Death " and 
" The Angel of the Eesurrection," the gift of Mrs. Walter Wilson 
and Mrs. C. Drake, cousitis of the gallant officer. 



24 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



At the present time (February, 1901), the centre panel is being 
filled with a beautiful panel painting with open tracery work 
above, the cost being borne by the General's two surviving 
brothers, J. L. and H. S. Symons. 

The carved oak cross in the centre was part of the parish 
memorial ; the whole carving was executed by Messrs. Rashleigh 
and Pinwill, of Plymouth. 



Passing to the east 
end of the north aisle 
we see the beautiful 
County Memorials to 
General Symons. The 
stained glass window 
is a lovely work of 
art, and illustrates the 
words of the Eoman 
centurion to the Sav- 
iour, " I am a man 
under authority, hav- 
ing soldiers under 
me." Beneath is a 
massive brass tablet, 
four feet long by two- 
and-a-half feet wide, 
mounted in a block of 
marble. The follow- 
ing inscription, writ- 
ten by the Rector 
(Rev. T. F. Fulton), 
reads thus : — 




Thoto 1)1/] 



[Capt. L. Vhing. 



" TO THE GLORY OF GOD. This tablet and the window above 
form part of the County Memorial to the late MAJOR-GENERAL SIR 
WILLIAM PENN SYMONS, K.C.B. Born at Hatt in this parish, on 
July 17th, 1843, he entered the army in 186.'^), joining the 24th Regiment 
(now South Wales Borderers). He served with distinction through the 
following campaigns : — South African War, 1877-8-9 ; Operations against 
the Galekas, Zulu Campaign, Burmese Expedition, 1885-89 ; Brigadier- 
General Chin Field Force, Chin Lushi, 188'J-90 ; Commanded the Burma 
Column. Waziristan Expedition, 1894-5 ; Commanded the 2nd Brigade 
Operations on South West Frontier of India, 1897-8 ; Commanded the 2nd 
Brigade Tochi Field Force, and 1st Division Tirah Expeditionary Force ; 
South African War, 1899. Commanded the Force at Glencoe. 



He was mortally wounded in the last of these, while in command of 
the troops at the Battle of Glencoe (Talana Hill). October 20th. 1899. and 



BOTUSFLBMING. 



25 



died in the Hospital at Dundee, on the 23rd of that month, his body being 
interred in the English church at that place. He was specially promoted 
to be Major-General for his distinguished services to his country. Alike 
by his courage, kindness, and goodness of heart, he endeared himself to 
all who knew him, and his heroic death called forth the sorrow of the 
whole nation, and also the sincere expressions of regret from the enemy 
against whom this nation was fighting." 

" Good luck have thou with thine honour, ride on." 

It will add to the interest to know that the concluding 
sentence was a favourite one of the General's, and was often put 
by him at the bottom of his letters to intimate friends. 

These Memorials were unveiled by the Earl of St. Germans, 
and dedicated by Dr. Gott, Lord Bishop of Truro, October 10th, 
1900. The Symons' family have been connected with this parish 
for over 600 years. 

■■ To the memory of the Revd. William Spry, A.M., 
MONUMENTS, eighteen years 'Rector of this parish, who died 
August 2Gtli, 1.S44. aged 57 years." 

'' In memory of Mark Batt. Esq.. son of Mark Batt, merchant, one of 
His Majesty's Justices of the Peace, and Deputy-Lieutenant of the 
County of Cornwall, and gentleman of His Majesty's most Honourable 
Privy Chamber, who died 23rd February, 17oS, aged 70." 

" Also in memory of William Batt, late of Plymouth, merchant, his 
only brother, who died the 13th day of March, in the year of our Lord, 
1781, aged 85 years." 

" Under the Communion Table of this church lie the remains of William 
Symons. Esq.. of Hatt in this parish, who. after serving the office of High 
Sheriff of the County of Cornwall, and distinguishing himself as a 
respectable country gentleman, died on the 9th day of August. 17(;G, aged 
70 yeais. He left two sons and tlnee daughteis. By his first wife he had 
Arabella, who married the Rev:!. .losias Foot : and l)y his second wife two 
sons. William and Nicholas, and two daughters. FJizabeth. who married 
the Revd. Peter Davey Foulkes. and Mary Ann, who married the Rev. 
Charles Tucker. And near the centre of the east wall is interred the body 
of William Symons. Escj.. his eldest son. formerly a Cayttain in the Royal 
Cornwall Regiment of Militia, who died on the iird day of May. l.SI)2, 
aged 4S years. This uiouuinent is erected by Mrs. Elizabeth Foulkes. as 
a tribute of grateful respect to the memory of a kind lather and brother." 

"Sacred to the memory of William Symons. Esq.. of Hatt in this 
parish, who de])arted this life in Xoveniher, ls;;-J. aged 4S years, and was 
interred in this church near the ( 'oniniunion Talde. (He was the son of 
Nicholas Symons. who assuuie<i the name of Sherwood, and was drowned 
at Runcorn Ferry, on the Meisey. A.D., iSOJ. ) Also to the memory of 
Agnes, his wife, who >ieparted this life at Bristol. January ;)lst. lcS40. aged 
■51 years, and was buried in the Cathedral Yard of that city. She was a 
lineal descendant of the excellent " William Pen.' and iidierited many of 
his ])iovis and amiable (|iialities. 'I'iiey left five ciiUdren. viz. : — Elizabeth 
Sherwood. William (who erected the tablet). Nicholas, Mary Ann. and 
Arabella." 



26 venning's histokical notices. 



Being informed that a Monument was erected about 130 years 
since, in a field on Church Town Estate, belonging to M. Loam, 
Esq., we visited this strange place of sepulture, and found it 
situated about a quarter of a mile from the Churchyard, secluded 
from the public gaze. On approaching the spot we saw a huge 
monument about 12 feet in height, enclosed in iron railings with 
girders, and a masonary wall on one side against the hill, with 
large square blocks of granite forming the tomb, and a marble 
slab for the inscription ; on the tomb rested a granite pier about 
6 feet high, and by careful examination of the inscription which 
was almost obliterated, we discovered the following remarkable 
epitaph : — 

'• Here lieth the body of William Martyn of the Borough of Plymouth, 
in the County of Devon, Doctor of Physick, who died the 22nd day of 
November, in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ, 17()2. aged 62 years. 
He was an honest good natur'd man. willing to do all the good in his 
power to all mankind : and not willing to hurt any person. He lived and 
died a Catholic Christian, in the true not depraved Popish sense of the 
word, had no superstitious veneration for Church or Churchyard ground, 
and willing by his example if that might have any influence to lessen the 
unreasonable esteem which some poor men and women through prejudice 
of education, often shew for it in frequently parting with the earnings of 
many a hard Day s Labour, which might be better bestowed in sustenance 
for themselves and families, to pay for Holy Beds for their Kinsfolks'" 
Corpses, through a Ridiculous Fear lest their Kins-folks at the Day of 
Judgment should some way or other suffer because their Corpses wer& 
wrongly situated or not, where the worldly advantage of their spiritual 
guides loudly called for them." 

It appears that the land belonged to the person who was here 
buried, and it was so settled by his Will that the monument can- 
not be destroyed. 

The only manor in this parish is that of 

MANOR OF Modeton or Modyton, now called Moditon- 

MODITONHAM. ham, which was held by Philip de Vautort 

or Valletort, under the Earl of Cornwall : 
it was afterwards in the Dauney family, from whom it passed 
with an heii'ess to the Courtenays, and was at a later period, in 
the Waddons. In the year 1689, Moditonham, or as it was 
sometimes called Mutton ham, being then the property and seat 
of John Waddon, Esq , John, Earl of Bath, there treated with 
the Prince of Orange's Commissioners, about the surrender of 
Pendennis and Plymouth castles. 

Moditonham was purchased of the Waddons by Mark 
Batt, Esq., grandfather of the late Rev. William Batt ; from the 
latter it passed to tlie late Charles Carpenter, Esq., solicitor 



BOTUSFLEMING. 27 

and Receiver-General of the Duchy of Cornwall. It is now the 
property of M. Loam, Esq., who resides there. 

At Modyton, Bishop Lacy licensed a chapel for the Talbot 
family, dedicated December 6th, 1452, to the Holy Trinity. 

Moditonham is a pleasant though somewhat secluded residence. 
It is situated in a vale, which admits a partial view of the 
Tamar. Mr. Carpenter constructed an embankment across the 
bottom of the vale, and thereby not only increased the land of 
the estate, but also prevented the nauseous smell which arose 
from the mud, at the going out of the tide. The house is a good 
freestone building, of modern design, and surrounded with well- 
wooded plantations and slirubberies. 

An act of generosity and justice on the part of the late 
Mr. Carpenter should not pass unnoticed. Lieutenant-Colonel 
O'Dogherty, of the Marines, an eccentric character, died many 
years ago at his seat, Wotton, in the adjoining parish of 
Landrake. Previously to his death, he made a Will in which, 
after bequeathing to various persons about £1,000 in legacies, he 
left the residue, amounting at least to £40,0u0, to Mr. Carpenter. 
At this gentleman's request, two of the neighbouring magistrates, 
the Rev. F. V. Jago-Arundell, and Benjamin Tucker, Esq., 
attended the funeral, after which they accompanied Mr. Car- 
penter to read the Colonel's Will to his son and three daughters, 
whose names were not even mentioned in it. When the Will had 
been read, Mr. Carpenter renounced all his right to the property 
bequeathed, and immediately assigned it over to the Colonel's 
four children, to be divided between them in such proportions as 
Mr. Charles Rashleigli, of St. Austell, formerly a trustee in the 
family, should direct. What adds to the lustre of Mr. Carpen- 
ter's honourable conduct in this matter, is the fact that when an 
express with Colonel O'Dogherty's Will reached Redruth, where 
he liappened to be, he without loss of time and lest an accident 
might occur before he could return liome, executed a codicil to 
his own Will, wherein he gave all the property bestowed upon 
him to the Colonel's children. 

Hatt lias been for. several generations the 
HATT HOUSE, property and residence of the family of 

Symons. The great grandfather of the late 
General Symons, Mr. Nicholas Symons, went through his clerk- 
ship as an attorney with Mr. Charles Rashleigh, at St. Austell. 
He there formed an attachment to a respectable young woman, 
who was in a situation of life so much inferior to his own, as to 



28 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 











" ^^"^"^*^m 














^j^ 


it 








-?®s« 


£ife** 


i 


m^r wtilBrwfi^^^^^^^^Ki 


rJF-^;-— %-.,.'^ 


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II ATT HOUSE. 



Trahair. Saltaiih. 



excite a violent opposition on the part of his friends against 
marriage with her. In consequence of tliis Mr. Symons suddenly 
disappeared ; no trace of him could be discovered, nor was any 
information received about him, either by his relations or by the 
deserted object of his affection. The elder brother died un- 
married, and his sister took possession of the property. About 
forty years after Mr. Symons had left St. Austell, a young 
man claimed the whole as his eldest son, and finally substan- 
tiated his claim by the verdict of the jury at the Bodmin Assizes, 
and to the entire satisfaction of a full court. His father had 
disappeared about the year 1780, and had employed himself in 
various humble, but not disreputable occupations, married, and 
finally settled in Liverpool, where he was accidentally drowned 
at the Euncorn Ferry, on the Mersey, in 1802. His family then 
first acquired, from inspecting his papers, a knowledge of 
Cornwall and of their ancestors ; they found his articles 
of clerkship, with various letters and documents, which placed 
his identity beyond all doubt. The trial is still remembered in 
the parish ; many persons were summoned who were not exam- 
ined, their evidence being unnecessary. 

General Symons who resided here was the first General killed 
in the Transvaal War, at the battle of Glencoe. With a thrill 



HOTUSFIiEMING. 29 



of horror the country received the tidings that the gallant 
Commander, General Sir William Penn Symons, was mortally 
wounded ; for at that early stage of the war the nation had not 
been aroused to a sense of the terrible loss of brave lives which 
the war was destined to involve. 

Lady Symons was about to sail for the Cape to nurse him, 
when the final blow came. For several months she was pros- 
trate with grief. She received a touching letter from the Queen 
expressing Her Majesty's sympathy with the widow, and Her 
deep admiration for the brave General. Lady Symons is the 
daughter of T. P. Hawkins, Esq., Edgbaston, near Birmingham. 

General Symons resided some years in India, having a com- 
mand in the Punjab, and only paid a few visits to his home when 
on furlough. 

The house, at Hatt, is built with red brick of Elizabethan 
style, and has been the home of his family for many generations. 
It adjoins the main road from Callington to Saltash, about half- 
a-mile from the village of Botusfleming, and has the usual 
ancestral rookeries and exclusive grounds, studded with fine old 
timber ; but during the great blizzard of March 1891, a large 
number of huge trees were blown down, to the great delight of 
the general public, as the highway was darkened by the trees 
overlapping the road. General Symons has left the estate of 
Hatt to his wife for life, after which it passes to his nephew as 
heir. She has presented a beautiful portrait of the General to 
the Church Institute at Botusfleming. 

Sir George White said in his letter to Lady Symons : " Your 
husband was one of the bravest soldiers I ever knew — he was 
too brave." 

General Symons was in Uniball when the war broke out, and 
received his command. His wife begged him to decline it, but 
he said : " It is the call of duty and must not be refused." He 
was a good rider and fond of trying umnanageable horses. This 
no doUbt partly accounts for his daring and intrepid courage, in 
leading his men on to victory in that battle on Talana Hill, 
Glencoe, wliich cost liini liis life. 

Crosse, or Cross, in tlie early part of the 

CROSSE, OR Sixteenth Century, was the seat of the family 

CROSS. of Crossmans, traceable to the reign of 

Henry VII., and was sold to William Barker, 

merchant. In the early part of the last century it was the 



■30 venning's historical notices. 



propei'ty and residence of Gilbert Symkins, Esq. It is now the 
property of Mrs. Edwards, of South Bovey, Devon ; and is 
occupied as a farm-house. 



THE " FIGHTING COCKS." AND HOW BOTUSFLEMING 
PEOPLE GOT THEIR CHAPEL. 

BY PKANK L. VOSPER. 

In the early days of the last century there stood on the 
Saltash turnpike road, just above the village of Botusfleming, a 
small wayside public-house, known as the " Fighting Cocks." 
This place, as its name would imply, was the resort of all the 
bad characters in the neighbourood, and bore a most unenviable 

reputation The landlord of this bouse, known as " Old B ," 

has been described as a rough and brutal man. 

Some time in the twenties this place was probably the scene of 
a tragedy, the particulars of which have been and will be 
wrapped in profound mystery until the day of judgment. The 
circumstances, so far as they are known, w^ere as follows : A 
middle-aged woman, who for several years had been employed 
as a domestic servant in a house near Plymouth, left that place, 
taking with her a sum of money, which she had saved out of her 
•earnings. She crossed the Tamar at Saltash, and was seen 
leaving the town, carrying a small bundle, her intention being to 
visit some friends residing at Stokeclimsland, fourteen miles 
distant. 

She was never seen again, nor could any trace of her be found. 
Years afterward, some workmen, engaged in widening the turn- 
pike road, a short distance beyond where the old " Fighting 
Cocks" had stood, discovered a skeleton; but tliere was nothing 
to furnish the slightest clue as to its identity. Some time 

previous to this discovery. Old B died in a neighbouring 

village, and his death-bed has been described as a terrible scene. 
In his delirium he is said to have let fall expressions which 
indicated his participation in an awful tragedy. " Take her 
away," he screamed, " take her away. I didn't do it. I had 
no hand in it," and so raving and protesting his innocence. Old 
B 's soul went into the unknown in 1831. 

Rural England at that time was very different from what some 
imaginative writers have represented it, and in many lovely 



BOTUSFLEMING. 31 



valleys, where places like the " Fighting Cocks " polluted the 
moral atmosphere, the early Methodist preachers found ample 
scope for their zeal. Among those devoted men whose names are 
handed down to us tliere stood very prominently Nicholas Haly. 

He was formerly a butler in the employ of squire C- , of P 

C . His connection with the Methodists cost him his 

situation. A night-school which he started in Saltash for the 
benefit of the farmers' sons in the neighbourhood, soon developed 
into a boarding-school and became very popular. I have seen a 
^' plan" of the Liskeard Circuit for 1828, where the name of 
" N. Haly, Jun.," appears as a local preacher This young man 
afterwards joined the Church of England, and was distinguished 
during his life as a sound Evangelical preacher, and earned the 
highest enconium which Cornish people pronounce on a clergy- 
man, viz., " that he preached just like a Methodist." He held 
the living of Laneast, in North Cornwall, until his death, which 
took place about 15 years ago. 

Those early Methodists had to contend not only against the 
infiaence of such places as the " Fighting Cocks," but also against 
the bigotry and intolerance of many of the Anglican clergy. The 
Methodists discovered this when they formed a class and 
commenced holding public services among the orchards and fruit- 
gardens of Botusfieming On this occasion, however, this spirit 
of intolerance defeated its own object in the following curious 
manner : — 

There was a social function of some kind or other iield at 
Liskeard, many of the gentry and clergy of the surrounding 
district being present. After dinner when the King and royal 
family had been duly " toasted," an Anglican clergyman rose to 
his feet and called on the company to respond to a ' toast ' which 
he proposed should be — " Down with the Dissenters." This 
brought to his feet Squire C — , of Moditonham. 

" Gentlemen," he said, " I beg to differ from the reverend 
gentleman opposite, and propose as a counter-toast ' Success to 
Dissenters,' and as a proof of my sincerity I pledge myself to give 
£100 towards building a Metliodist chapel on my estate." The 
old Squire's toast was duly honoured, so was the cheque for £100, 
which he handed to the trustees of the new Chapel. A neat little 
building was erected, and during the last three-quarters of a cen- 
tury has been the scene of much earnest and successful work by 
the ministers and local preachers of the Callington Circuit. 



32 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



CALLINGTON. 




CAI.LINGTON FROM THE LAUNCESTON KOAl>. 



THE CENTRE OF 
EAST CORNWALL. 



Callington is not only the centre from 
which three editions of these Historical 
Notices of East Cornwall have been 
published by the same Author, during 
the last twenty years ; but its geographical position, clearly in- 
dicates by the map published herein, that it is entitled to be 
called the centre of East Cornwall. 



Moreover, on account of its antiquities it 
was formerly a place of great note and 
importance ; for the history of its neigh- 
bourhood carries us back to at least more 
than 500 years before the Norman Conquest; 
to the period of the early Britons when there were no towns or 
pretty villages, no churclies, chapels or schoolhouses, studded in 



ANTIQUITIES, 

PRE = HISTORIC 

PERIOD. 



CALLINGTON. 33 



every direction, sucli as now form tlie bulwarks of our native 
County ; to the time when only here and there were a few poor 
huts, and nothing but uncultivated wastes, woods and forests ; 
and there are remains which probably belong to the period when 
the Phoenicians came across the English Channel and traded 
with our shores in tin. 

Although no books were then published to tell us of the events 
of that remote period, yet there are evidences that point clearly to 
the fact that as the early Britons, like some of our fellow country- 
men to day, were fond of war, so the neighbourhood of Kit Hill 
and Hingston Down, near Callington, was for ages a noted battle 
ground ; and those who will take the trouble to explore the top 
and sides of Kit Hill, especially on the north, will still find 
numerous earthworks and remains of trenches and encampments, 
which clearly indicate they are either Roman, or Danish in their 
origin. Pieces of battle axes, flint implements, tools and other 
instruments used in warefare, have been discovered in excavating 
quite recently around this historic hill. 

It is generally acknowledged that 

HENQI5T AND HORSA. Hingston Down, or Hengsdown 

(5th century.) Hill, Callington, was the scene of 

many a conflict in the early ages 
of history. It was formerly called Hengist's Down, or Hengestes 
dun, signifying (Hengest) horse (dun) hill; thus it derived its 
name from Hengist and Horsa, the great leaders of those who 
landed on our coasts about the middle of the Fifth Century (449. 
A.D.) in three keels or ships, filled with men called Jutes, some 
years after the Roman soldiers had finally left the Island ; these 
men in addition to the usual swords and spears, carried axes and 
hammers for attacking their enemies. They landed probably 
somewhere on the north coast of Devon, and are supposed to 
have crossed the Tamar at Horsebridge, and thence to Hingston 
or Hengist Down ; hence the names Horsa's bridge and Hengist's 
down. They came with a pretence to help the Britons, but not 
for nothing : their request at first was a modest, almost a silly one, 
for they asked the Britons to sell them as much land as might be 
covered with the skin of an ox. The meaning, however, of their 
request appeared when Hengist and Horsa drew their knives, slit 
the hide into many narrow thongs, and enclosed with these as 
much ground as afforded room for the building of a Castle. Some 
think that there are indications of the remains of a Castle on Kit 
Hill, and that even in the time of Hengist and Horsa there was 
a battle fought here ; but there is no record or evidence of this. 



34 venning's histobical notices. 

Some years later, in the early part of the 

KING ARTHUR'S SixthCentury.King Arthur who was born 

PALACE. at Tintagel, which is known to this day 

as King Arthur's Castle, near Camelford, 
appeared as the great hero of the British struggle against 
the English inroads. His dominion was over South Western 
Britain, and although his capital was Camelot, in Somersetshire, 
yet the scene of some of his battles undoubtedly was in the eastern 
part of this County, and very probably on or near Hignston 
Down, as Callington according to Hals " in the time of King 
Arthur was called Killiwick, and here he kept his palace, or court- 
leet or bailiwick, for such in his time it undoubtedly was as Duke 
of Cornwall, and King of Britain, for this Manor of land with its 
appurtenances was by Act of Parliament given to Edward the 
Black Prince as parcels of the Ancient Kings, or Earls of Corn- 
wall, then translated into a dukedom." 

There are no remains of this palace to be seen or found any 
where, unless it is on Kit Hill. It is asserted that King Arthur's 
palace was somewhere about Tilley's Court, or Tilley's Alley, as 
it was anciently called. These are the oldest houses in Callington 
still remaining. In Standard Maps the only places mentioned in 
Cornwall, then called Cornwealhas under the Saxons, are " Henge- 
stendun " and Gafulford, otherwise Camelford, the latter being 
near the scene of King Arthur's mortal conflict with his nephew 
Modred, who had stirred up a rebellion, and after being fatally 
wounded was carried by sea to the Abbey at Glastonbury where 
he died. There are many chivalric romances connected with the 
exploits of King Arthur and his Knights, but as the stories were 
not written down until six or seven centuries after their time, we 
can only regard them as legends. 

The next account we have on record of 

BATTLE ON HingstonorHengist'sDown,isthatof the 

HINQSTON DOWN, celebrated battle that was undoubtedly 

A.D. 835. fought here in A.D. 835, by the Britons 

BIRTH OF UNITED and their allies the Danes, against the 

KINGDOM. Saxons who were led by Egbert. The 

latter proved victorious, and by this 
victory, Egbert who had before brought all the English Kingdoms 
more or less into subjection, now called himself King of the 
English ; and although it was not until A.D. 925 that Athelstan 
became sole monarch and the first King of all England, yet by this 
celebrated battle on Hingston Down it may be regarded as the 
birthplace of the United Kingdom. In the parish of Calstock 



CALUNGTON. 35 



adjoining Callington, there is a deep vale nancied Danescouibe, 
because it is supposed to liave marked the course of the Danes, 
either on their way from the Tamar to the battle of Hengsdown 
Hill, or the course of their flight after the battle in which they 
were defeated ; indications point to the latter as being the more 
probable course adopted. A road so narrow and hilly to ascend 
from the Tamar as the Danescombe, would not be likely to be 
chosen as the entrance to a battle ground ; but in the case of a 
retreat to descend by the nearest route would be the more pro- 
bable course; this, however, is mere conjecture. We now give an 
account of the above battle : — 

About four hundred years after the first arrival of the Saxons 
in Britain, Egbert united, by his conquest and firm government, 
all the petty governments in one great state. For a short time 
there were prospects of peace, security and increasing refinement. 
The nation was civilized and polite in comparison with those 
naked Britons who forced the mighty power of Rome to conquer 
them. The houses, furniture, clothes, eating and all the real 
luxuries of sense, were almost as good then as they have been 
since ; all the learning was confined to the clergy, and little 
improvement could be expected from their teachings, since it was 
one of their tenets to discard the light of reason. 

But even a Prince so wise and fortunate as Egbert, was not 
long permitted to enjoy the fruits of peace and quiet ; it was not 
his happy lot to hand down felicity to all coming generations. 

About 819, a mighty swarm of those nations who possessed 
the sea coast of the Baltic began under the Danes and Normans, 
to infest the western Courts of Europe, and to spread wherever 
they came slaughter and devastation. They were in fact no 
other than the ancestors of the very people whom they came to 
despoil, and might be considered as the original stock from 
whence the numerous Colonies that infested Britain, had migra- 
ted some centuries before. The Normans fell upon the Northern 
parts of France. The Danes levelled their pitiless fury against 
England. They first appeared in 787, but it was not until five 
years after the accession of Egbert, that their invasion became 
truly formidable. 

From that time they continued with increasing ferocity until 
the whole Kingdom was reduced to a state of most distressful 
bondage. 

The Saxons had utterly neglected their naval power since their 
first settlement in Britain. Thus the Danes who had succeeded 



36 venning"s histokical notices. 



them in the Empire of the sea, foxmd no difficulty in landing as 
they listed. First, they invaded the Isle of Sheppy in Kent ; 
next year, the Banks of the Tyne groaned beneath the iron heel 
of 15,000 ; within two years after they landed in Cornwall, and, 
being joined by the Britons, they advanced towards the borders 
of Devonshire, at Kingston Down, the hill near Callington. 
Egbert bore down with the swiftness of an eagle and strength of 
a lion, and entirely routed the combined armies. By this victory 
he secured the Kingdom from invasion for a time. But his death 
seemed to put an end to the success of his countrymen, and to 
invite the enemy to renew their devastation. 

Callington, like most other places of antiquity, has 

ANCIENT been called by different names, and spelt in various 

NAME5. ways. In the time of King Arthur it was called 

Killiwick, Killywick or King Arthur's Palace, or 
eourtleet, or bailiwick. In Domesday Book it was called 
Calweton, afterwards Calyngton, Calvington, or Callingtown — the 
place to call at — Calyton, Kellyland, Kellington, and Kelliton, or 
Killiton ; the latter according to Hals and Tonkin, means "Chapel 
Town," or the town in a grove of trees. Although the town and 
the chapel still exist, yet the grove has disappeared. Query : 
Were the trees used for timber in olden time in the erection of 
some of the houses? 

In Domesday Book it says " The King holds Calweton, there 
are 4 hides but it is fixed for 2. The arable land is thirty carucates 
of it there is in domain one hide, and there are 3 ploughs and 11 
bond servants and 24 villans, and 14 borderers with 15 ploughs, 
there is pasture 3 miles long, and half a mile in breadth, wood 
half a mile long and 2 furlongs broad, it returns 4 pounds, (£) by 
weight. 

Some think that this ancient town, manor and borough, which 
was also called Kelly ton or Kellington, with much greater 
probability is derived from the ancient manor of Kellyland, which 
was situated in the parish. Kelly Bray, part of which is in Call- 
ington, derives its name no doubt from being part of that manor. 

Tonkin says: " In the town of Kellington, for retirement and 

delight, lived Sir Edward Bray, Knight, originally descended as 

report says, from the Brays, of Bray, in St. Just," which the 

publisher has altered to come into rhyme : 

In Kellington. for retirement and delight, 
There once lived the noted Sir Edward Bray, Knight, 
He descended from the Brays, of Bray, St. Just, 
And his mortal remains now lie in the dust. 



CALLINGTON. 



37 



PATRON 5AINTS. 

ST. NICHOLAS OR 

ST. MARY. 



" This Church or Chapel-town Baihwick, 
is now (says Hals) known by the name of 
the town, manor, and borough of Killiton, 
i.e., Chapel-town." " As for the name of 
this parish (writes Tonkin), which is a 

daughter church to South Hill, and has for its patron saint, St. 

Nicholas, Bishop of Myra, in Lycia (commemorated in our 

calendar on December 6th), I take it to be Killyton, the town in 

a grove of trees." 

Mr. Tonkin does not state on what authority he has assigned 
the Church and parish to the tutelage of St. Nicholas ; but it is 
believed by Dr. Oliver who gives in liis Monastican the date of 
the dedication of the present church as August 31, 1438; that 
the patronage is assigned to St Alary (the virgin), and by this 
name it is still distinguished. 




Phold h>/] j^T. M.-\.KY'S church. CAI.LlNCrTON. [Frith ((■ Co.. HfKjute^ 

\iK\v 111-- FUdNi i;n I HANCK i-i;<iM roiM-: sihkki. 



38 venning's historical notices. 



" This Church at the time of the first 

THE CHURCH AND inquisition into the value of Cornish 

ITS HISTORY. benefices, by the Bishops of Lincoln 

and Winchester, A.D. 1294, (23rd 
Edward I.), had no endowment, neither was it then consolidated 
with South Hill; but before Wolsey's inquisition 1521 (13th 
Henry VIII.), they were both united, and were then valued for 
revenues at £38 per annum, the patronage in the Duke of Corn- 
wall, who endowed it ; the Incumbent, Trelawnye ; the town 
and parish rated to the (poor) four shillings per pound, land tax 
in 1696, £120 16s."— Hals. 

Gilbert's History of Cornwall saj's : " South Hill Rectory (S. Samp- 
son), with Callington Chapel. First Fruits, £38 ; Reprisals, Bishop's 
Procurations, VIIs. 5d. ; Obsolete Synodals. is. vid. ; Archdeacon's Pro- 
curations, VIIs. iJd. ; Obsolete, Real Value, £2B0 ; Yearly Tenths, £.3 16s.; 
Patron, Lord Orford ; Rector, Mr. Thomas Rerisley (? Derisley), Kelling- 
ton aiuii^ Callington (S. Mary) Chapel to South Hill — Reprisals none in 
Charge." — From " A Siirve;/ of the Diocese of Exeter, published 1182." 

Sir Nicholas Assheton is generally considered to have 'been the 
founder of this Church, but he probably only rebuilt it ; as the 
petition hereafter referred to, sent by Nicholas Assheton and 
others to Bishop Lacy in 1436, praying that they might be 
allowed a Cemetery, states that from time immemorial, there 
had been a Parochial Chapel of St. Mary's at Callington, where 
all sacraments and sacramentals (sepultura mortuorum duntaxat 
excepta) were duly administered, and the epitaph below the 
figures on the Assheton Brass seems to imply the pre-existence of 
a ruinous chapel, " ruinosam capellam." 

It was when the existing Church was dedicated 

THE that the parishioners acquired full parochial 

CEMETERY, rights — that of burying their dead in their own 

churchyard being one — although remaining 
ecclesiastically subject to the mother Church of South Hill. 

In 1436, Nicholas Assheton, Eobert Cheyket, the proprietor of 
Cheykets Hall (which was demolished in 1833, and from whom 
Lord Willoughby de Broke derived his property), John Ber- 
camptede, Eobert Haye (whose lineal descendants still inherit 
their estate in this parish), Thomas Benet, Warn, Pengelly, and 
others of the parish settled in " villuh! de Calyton," and the 
hamlets of Pengelly, Theupath (now Dupath), Balston, Kestle- 
wycke (now Castlewich), Cuttyshylle, Kylquit (now Colquite), 
Trehill, Combe, Crenebeare, I'rogswell, Trelyndra and Haye ; 
Edmund Lacey petitioned the Bishop of Exeter, stating 



1 



CALLINGTON. 



39 



" that from time immemorial there had been a parochial 
chapel of St. Mary at Calyngton, where all sacraments and 
sacramentals were duly administered, and praying that they 
might be allowed a Cemetery, as the expenses were great, and 
the inconvenience to an agricultural population excessive in 
conveying their dead to South Hill, a distance of three miles." 
They petitioned also Pope Eugenius IV. to favour their wishes, 
and they obtained the consent of Humphry, Earl of Stafford, the 
then patron of the church, on the 1st ,lune, 1436, and again on 
the 20th February following, and with the consent of the Prior 
of St. Germans the right of sepulture was permitted in 1438. 




rHURC'H 



VIKW KKOM T.dWKIl STREET. 



The Church presents externally an imposing appearance, being 
built almost entirely of large blocks of granite, obtained no doubt 
from the famous Kit Hill, which abounds in this material. 
Beyond re-opening the clerestory windows and the roofs of both 
aisles being renewed, little alteration externally was effected in 
the church, which was built in 1438. In the interior of the 
cliui-ch many alterations and improvements have been made 
from time to time ; and in IH59, when the Rev. H. M. Rice, M.A., 
was Rector, the church was re-opened on May 12th, after an 
outlay of about £1,000 in new seats and internal fittings. And 
it appears to have retained its original form outside, until 1881, 



40 vbnning's histobical notices. 

when the Eev. Francis Vansittart Thornton, M.A., was Eector ; 
then it was enlarged by making another aisle on the north side 
at a cost of about £2,000. 

In the monograph on " The History and 

STATE BEFORE Eestoration of Callington Church," written 

RESTORATION by the Eev. A. B. Hutchinson, B.D., pub- 

IN 1859. lished in 1861 (and to which we are 

indebted for much useful information), its 

condition before restoration is given as follows : — 

" The galleries occupied a space equal to one-half of the whole 
area of the church, and were within seven teet of the ceiling of 
the aisles. The tower was" blocked off from the church, and 
was the receptacle of all sorts of rubbish. The floors were 
uneven, in consequence of the burials that had taken place with- 
in the church. The pews were mostly square, and were very 
high ; the pulpit was of a cumbrous size, and had a large sound- 
ing board. The plastering was rough and bad, and the ceilings 
of the aisles were flat and plain." 

There are two Monuments in the Church 

MONUMENTS AND which require special notice. One is a 

EPITAPHS. Brass, bearing the effigies of the pious 

builder of the present church. Sir 
Nicholas Assheton, and his wife ; it is laid in a stone in the midst 
of the choir, which is its original position. Sir Nicholas Assheton 
is represented clad in a Judge's long fur-trimmed gown, with 
sleeves reaching to the ground, and a close-fitting wig. She 
wears a kirtle with fur cuffs and collar open to the waist, sleeves 
almost close-fitting, and with what is commonly known as a veil 
head dress, the upper part of which is lost. Trefoils and other 
flowers, emblems of the resurrection, spring from the ground at 
the feet of each figure. 



■"o^ 



The monument is a marble slab measuring 7ft. 10 inches by 
3ft. 4 inches. A fillet of brass surrounds the figures, and contains 
the following inscription part of which is removed : — 

" Here lyeth Nicholas Assheton and Margaret his wt/jfe, the whych 
Nycholas loas one of the Kynges Jiiges, ami Seciindarie of the come . . . 
X day of Marche. the yere of oure Lord God ao. mo. cccclxv on trhos 
Soidlys God have mrcy, Amen ffor Charyte." 

On a brass plate immediately beneath the figures, is an in- 
teresting Latin epitaph, which has been translated as follows : — 

Nicholas Asiiheton is interrd in this sepidchral place., 
And hnried with hint also, lies all his judicial grace. 



J 



CALLINGTON. 41 



The common people deemed him just, compassionate, and kind, 
For ichen the rigid law pressed aore, he sorrow'd in his mind. 
And during all the fifty years which among them he li/vd. 
No day was joyous to him when audience compelVd to give, 
And this ancient ruind Chapel, wherein he himself doth lie, 
At his own cost and by his wealth, he huilded up on high. 
His neighbours he did freely feed, with strangers and the poor, 
Not only with his table-nieats, but u;ith his money more. 
Thou, irho ruVst both laws and those rrell slcilVd in legal lore. 
Grant him thy fi /nil judgment mild. I earnestly imjtlore ! 

Four shields of arms, one above and one below each figure, and 
two groups of children, boys and girls respectively, have been 
removed. Brown Willis, in 1716, states that "over the woman 
are these arms : three cups covered ; but those over the man are 
taken away." 

Gilbert in his survey of Cornwall says that Judge Ashton . . . 
appears to have left issue five sons and six daughters. 

Sir Nicholas Ashton, the fatlier of tlie builder of Callington 
Church, represented the County of Cornwall, as one of the Knights 
of the Shire, in company with John Trethurf in the fifteenth year 
of Henry VI., A. D. 1436; and the Nicholas Ashton whose epitaph 
is given above, was raised to the degree of a Serjeant-at-Law in 
1443, and in 1445 he was constituted one of the Justices of the 
Bench. 

The other monument referred to is a magnificent altar tomb of 
the purest alabaster, which still occupies its original position 
(see illustration). This beautiful and costly monument, which is 
probably the most striking of its kind in the whole County of 
Cornwall, was erected to the memory of Sir Robert Willoughby, 
the first Lord Willoughby de Broke, who died in 1502, being 
then Steward of the Duchy of Cornwall, and also held the Manor 
of Kellyland, and Patron of the living of South Hill and 
Callington. He also assisted at the victory of Bosworth. The 
recumbent effigy notwithstanding some mutilation is tolerably 
well preserved. The elligy is represented in complete armour 
except the head, which is uncovered (as usual at this period), 
displaying long flowing hair. Over the armour, fastened across 
the breast by a tasselled cord, is the mantle of the Order of the 
Garter. He also wears the collar and the badge. The feet rest 
on a lion, whilst at tlieir soles are carved the figures of two 
monks seated ; the head of each monk is lesting on one of his 
hands, whilst with the other he is counting his beads. This is a 
unique example. 



42 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 




ALABASTER TOMB TO LORD WILLOUGHBY DE BROKE. 1502. 



The sides of the monument are covered with shields in 
geometrical compartments, quartering Latimer, Cheney and 
Stafford, with the Willoughhy de Broke arms. The inscription 
which was originally inlaid on the upper edge of the tomb has 
been removed. 

This Robert Willoughby (afterwards Lord de Broke) who is 
supposed to have been buried here, resided at Bere Ferrers, and 
is the same person referred to in the article on Cotehele, against 
whom in 1468 several charges were made by Richard Edgcuinbe, 
as owner of Cothele, wherein the latter had sustained damage to 
the amount of £20 and more. By aiding the cause of the Earl 
of Richmond, he was advanced to the peerage by the new 
King, Henry VII., by writ dated August 12th, 1492, as Lord 
Willoughby de Broke. He married Blanche, daughter and 
heiress of Sir John Champernowne, by whom he had one son, 
Robert. The title became extinct on the death of his son Robert,, 
who was buried at Bere Ferrers, where his father had his 
principal residence, which he had acquired with the Manor of 



CALLINOTON. 43 



Callington, by marriage with the heiress of Chainpernowne. 
About 300 years after this period the estates of this Lord 
Willoughby, having passed into the possession of Lord Bucking- 
hamshire, came to the grandfather of the present Earl of Mount 
Edgcumbe, by his marriage with Lady Sophia Hobart. 

In the Churchyard is an ancient octagonal granite cross ; it is 
double canopied but is much delapidated and worn. The sub- 
jects carved on the upper part are : — The Crucifixion, on the 
west side ; Virgin and Child, south side ; a Donor in prayer, 
east side; and a Bishop erect on the north side. Height, 8ft. 3in. 

On the south side of the church there are three coloured 
windows. One whicli represents the last supper, is in memory 
of the Kev. Horatio Morgan Kice, who, for 22 years was Rector 
of this parish, and died October 20th, 1863 : it was erected by 
the parishioners and friends. The next is an ornamental win- 
dow, in memory of W. U. Horndon, Esq., erected by his 
affectionate wife. Tiie third is in memory of the Rev. John 
Serjeant who was Curate of this parish for 25 years, and who 
died 1st June, 1846 ; it was erected by his grandson Robert 
Malacliy Sergeant, Ballarat, Australia, December, 1883. There 
is aiiotlier at the west end by the entrance door, in memory of 
the Rev. Philip H. Francis, B.A., formerly Curate of tliis parish, 
who died at Sidney, 26th February, 1874. 

There are tablets in the cliurch to the memory of the Rev. 
John Messenger, and Isabella his wife. He was the Curate of 
this Church for more than 30 years, and died 6th November, 
1813. 

There is another tablet to the memory of the Rev. John 
Kendall Fletcher, D.D., Rector of Ashford and Vicar of Yarns- 
combe, Devon, Chaplain in Ordinary to H.R.H. The Prince 
Regent, afterwards George IV. He was also a Justice of the 
Peace for Devon and Cornwall, and died June 26th, 1861, aged 
98 years. His wife and daughters were also buried here. 

Also one in memory of Richard Doidge, Esq., wlio for many 
years was an active and upright Magistrate. He was born at 
Callington, on the 28th November, 1785; died June 22nd, 1844 ; 
and was buried in the family vault in the Cliurch. 

There is a very handsome Brass Eagle Lectern, which at 
Ijaster, 1888, was dedicated as a memorial to tlie late rector 
and his wife (Canon and Mrs. Thornton). 



44 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 




Photo by] 



CHfKCH — INTKKIOK. 



[Frith <(• Co.. Re/gate. 



In the noi'th-east of the new aisle there is an exceedingly 
beautiful piece of ecclesiastical art in the form of a memorial 
window, to the Members of the Thornton Family and several 
Parishioners in Callington. The lower portion consists of two 
tiers of sculpture : the higher has figures representative of 
Western Christendom ; the lower of scenes in the Life of our 
Lord. 



On July 2nd, ]895, in the very early morning, 

FIRE IN THE the Tower of the Church was entirely burnt 

TOWER. out, the Bells, the Clock and the Roof being 

completely destroyed, and only the masonry 
spared. That the body of the Church was not consumed was 
due to the noble exertions of the Parishioners, " one and all." 

The Ecclesiastical Insurance Company gave towards the 
Restoration £335, and paid £5 to tlie Callington Water Company 
for the use of the water in extinguishing the fire, which was of 



CALLINGTON. 45 



sufficient force at the time to play over the pinnacles of the 
tower. 

A successful bazaar realised a profit of £209, and the New- 
Peal of Bells (cast by Messrs. Mears, London, costing £375) 
were dedicated by the Venerable Archdeacon Du Boulay, April 
11th, 1896 ; and the New Clock, ordered by Mr. Budge, from 
Messrs. Smith and Son, Derby, was dedicated June 25th, 1896, 
at a service, when Mrs. Shaw releasing a string, set the pen- 
dulum in motion. It cost £151, has a dial face on each side of 
the tower, and strikes the quarters. The whole restoration, in- 
cluding new west window and tower door, renovation of the 
organ, re-glazing east window, kc, cost nearly £1,000. 

The Market Charter was granted by Henry III., 

MARKET in 1267, to be held on Wednesdays, which is still 

CHARTER, adhered to ; at the same time an annual fair was 

appointed to be held at the festival of the Nativity 
of the Virgin Mary, but this has long since been discontinued ; 
and Cattle Markets are now held monthly. It is stated that 
the Town returned Members to Parliament from the same date 
the Market Charter was granted, but of this there is no proof. 

The Town was made a Parliamentary 

PARLIAMENTARY Borough in the 27th year of the reign of 

BOROUGH, Queen EUzabeth, 1585, and continued to 

send two Members to Parliament, until 
disfranchised under the Heform Act of 1832. The Borough 
Bounds still exist, but all the privileges have disappeared. The 
Town has been represented in Parliament by Sir John Call 
1784, 1790 and 1796, Sir William Coryton and Sir John Coryton, 
&c. It is regretted that a consecutive list of the Members for 
this Borough cannot be obtained, but from a book that the 
Publisher has by him, dated 1768, Fane William Sharpe, of 
East Barnet, and Richard Stephens, of Winscot, Devon, 
represented Callington in Parliament at that time. 

The Manor and Ijordship of Callington in the reign 

THE of Henry III. belonged to the family of Trevenor, 

MANOR. or as Gilbert asserts, to Ferrers, by a grant from 

the Earl of Cornwall. Since by several heiresses 

it has passed to various families, and afterwards through Dennis, 

EoUe, and Walpole, to George William Trefusis, of Trefusis, in 

Mylor, together with the barony in fee of Clinton, in the 17th year 

of Edward I., 1288, bv a writ directed to John de Clinton. His 



46 VENNING's HISTOKICAL NOTICES. 

grandson sold the property to Mr. Alexander Baring, afterwards 
Lord Ashburton ; then it went to Lady Ashburton ; afterwards 
by the marriage of Miss Baring with Lord William Compton, the 
Manor was settled upon Lady Compton, now Countess of 
Northampton. 

Sir Jonathan Trelawney, Bart., was Patron of the Living in 
1691 and 1727, and the Earl of Orford in 1742 and 1765. 

There is an interesting badge that is kept by the 
THE MACE. Keeve of the Manor, Mr. John Spear. It con- 
sists of a small silver Mace, measuring 17-i- ins., 
and weighing 31 ozs. 'It is engraved with the date 1583. A 
coat of arms and the letter R appear on one side of the 
shield, and A on the other, which seen:i to indicate that it was 
given by some member of the family of Ashton, probably Robert 
Ashton, grandson or great-grandson of Nicholas, the rebuilder 
of the church, and whose monument and epitaph are given in 
these pages. 

In this parish, about a mile from the 

DUPATH WELL town, in a somewhat retired and sheltered 

AND ITS STORY, valley, on a farm in the occupation of 

Mr. J. Hicks, and belonging to Lady 
Ashburton, is Dupath "Well, which is a very interesting relic of an 
old Gothic Oratory or ancient Saxon Baptising Well. It has a 
most venerable appearance, and (as will be seen by the illustration) 
it is built of square blocks of granite, with a roof and pinnacles of 
the same material, and is still in a good state of preservation. It 
is 12 feet 6 inches in length, 11 feet 6 inches in breadth, and about 
18 feet in height. The doorway which faces west is 6 feet high ; 
a double arched window occupies the east end ; and there are 
small openings at the sides. The interior is divided by an arch 
and step which is now embedded into a double floor. A portion 
of the front is overrun with ivy, and ferns and weeds grow in 
clusters from the chinks on the granite roof. In the floor is a Well 
supplied by a spring, which has never been known to be dry. The 
water from the spring is confined by a regular channel, and flows 
through the doorway and out at the east end, and onward in 
its course to the valley beneath. 

In connection with this Well there is a very ancient popular 
story, which has again and again been published. It is generally 
acknowledged to have been the site of a fierce combat, the scene 
of heroic enterprise, and a daring deed for a fair lady's love. It 
was at Dupath's spring that Gotlieb met his rival who was not 



i 



CALLINGTON. 



47 



beloved by her for whom he came to challange the mortal combat. 
Gotlieb was a wealthy Saxon, who from his rank had confidence 
and audacity enough to ask for the daughter of the noblest baron 
in the land ; but he was not possessed of the greatest of all quali- 
fications — that " gentle prevailing art" which is supreme in win- 
ning the love of woman. 




in TAI'll WKLL, 



Sir Colan, the other suitor, although he had known the lady 
from his youthful days, liad not presumed to venture farther 
than to be satisfied he was viewed with eyes of strong partiality. 
At the time he was in possession of little wealth, which 
rendered hopeless the consent of the father of his mistress ; 
so after exchanging vows of constancy with her, he went 
abroad in quest of fortune and reputation, which he gained 
through the perils and hazards of war. Sir Colan then 



48 venning's historical notices. 



returned home full of hope with the prospect of gaining her 
whom he loved better than life ; but to his surprise, he found 
on his arrival, that the hand of his loved one had been solicited 
of her father by Gotlieb, who had consented, although the fair 
maiden had expressed her repugnance to the marriage. So the 
only alternative, according to the ancient practice in those times, 
was to challenge his adversary to prove his right by a duel ; and 
this alternative was embraced by Sir Golan with joy. The time 
was fixed, and the place selected for the combat was near Dupath 
Spring, away from the eyes of the multitude, for only a few were 
permitted by the combatants to be present. The contest com- 
menced ; it was fierce and long, for both were skilful in the use of 
arms Sir Golan received the first wound, which inspirited rather 
than discouraged him ; and nerved with fresh energy, he pressed 
his adversary so vigorously that a severe wound was inflicted on 
him ; and with a second desperate effort drove his sword between 
the joints of his armour, and slew him on the spot. But he him- 
self did not escape unscathed ; his wound soon rankled, day 
by day his danger increased, until at last he was informed that 
death would soon be upon him. They asked him to send for an 
ecclesiastic without delay, and urged him to forget earth with the 
prospect before him of soon ceasing to be a partaker in the hopes 
or disappointments of the living. The wounded knight smiled, but 
made no other reply than that which has been so beautifully put 
into his mouth, in verse, by an elegant writer. The Eev. R. S. 
Hawker, but who gives the knight the name of Siward. — 

'■ Hear how the noble Siward died ! 
The Leech hath told the woeful Bride ; 
'Tis vain : his passing hour is nigh, 
And death must quench her Warrior's eye." 

" Bring me, he said, the steel I wore 
When Dupath's spring was dark with gore, 
The spear I raised for Githa's glove, 
Those trophies of my wars and love." 

" Upright he sate within the bed. 
The helm on his unyielding head ; 
Sternly he lean'd upon his spear- 
He knew his passing hour was near." 

" Githa, thine hand ' ! How wild that cry I 
How fiercely glared his vacant eye, 
' Sound Herald ! was his shout of pride — 
' Hear how the noble Siward died 1 ' " 

" A roof must shade that storied stream — 
Her dying Lord's remembered theme — 
A daily vow that Lady said, 
Where glory wreathed the Hero dead 1 " 



CALLINGTON. 



49 



'■ Gaze maiden ! gaze, on Dupath Well 1 
Time yet hath spar'd that solemn cell : 
In memory of old Love and Pride- 
Hear how the noble Siward died ! " 

Upon the ri^ht hand slope as you enter, and upon a part, if 
aot the whole of the site whereon the dwelling-house now stands, 
it is the opinion of some antiquaries who have visited this spot, 
that a Chapel for ordinary public worship was erected, in con- 
nection with the baptistry, to commemorate the victory of the 
Saxons, who, during the Ninth Century, drove the Danes up the 
valley of the Tamar to Hengston (now called Kit Hill), and from 
whence, after immense and awful slaughter on both sides, the 
latter ultimately retreated. In support of this, there are the 
remains of an ancient encampment to be seen on Kit Hill. 

No particulars of the ancient history of this Chapel can be 
traced under the name of Dupath, but in the registers it is said 
that Bishop Stafford licensed a Chapel in St. Dominick, ded- 
icated to St. Ethelred, April 9th, 1405. It is most likely that 
this is the one : as in the Ordnance Map, it is called St. Ethel- 
red's Chapel. Although it stands immediately on the borders of 
St. Dominick, it is in Callington parish. 

This Well, although in a somewhat secluded spot, may be seen 
at a distance when riding on the coach from Callington to 
Tavistock, on the right hand side of the road when'^bout a mile 
from the town. Tourists and visitors to Callington should see 
for themselves this remarkable relic of antiquity. 

This famous hill which is the highest land in the 
KIT HILL, district, except Caradon Hills, is at an altitude of 

1.067 feet above sea level, and is situate about 1^ 
miles from the town, and forms the summit of Hingston Down. 
The north side and top of the hill are in Stokeclimsland parish, and 
the south side in Callington. On its summit are a mine stack 
and buildings, and the remains of a large ancient encampment, 
which still mark the spot near which a terrible battle was once 
fought. 

History says that in ancient times this district abounded in 
Tin Stream Works, when the Phcjenicians traded with Cornwall 
in tin. Leland, in his " Itinerary of Cornwall," 360 years since, 
says : " Hengiston being a hy hylle, and nere Tamar yn the east 
part, baryn of his self, yt is fertile by yielding of tynne both be 
water and dry warkes. Hence the distich — 

'' Hengston Down well y rought 
Is worth London Town dear y bought." 



50 venning's historical notices. 

It was on Kit Hill the Parliament of Tinners for Devon and 
Cornwall assembled, before the reign of Henry III., every 7th or 
8th year, for conference. 

About 75 years since a Windmill was erected for the purpose of 
draining the mine, but it has long since disappeared. The 
summit and sides of the hill consist of granite in massive craggs, 
aud on the north side is a splendid granite quarry. 

The view from Kit Hill on a clear day affords one of the 
finest in the Kingdom, as the country commanded from this 
elevation is of immense extent, and it will well repay the tourist, 
as well as the antiquarian and the mineralogist, to climb to 
the top of this historical hill ; for southward your eye 
catches nearly the whole course of the beautiful river Tamar, 
including Saltash Bridge, and still fai-tl:ier to Plymouth Sound, 
the sea only terminating the horizon ; eastward, the Dartmoor 
Tors limit the prospect ; northward, the view appears illimitable; 
and stretching westward the whole range of the Caradon Hills 
and Tors, rising in succession one after the other, are plainly 
visible. 

This ancient borough was once privileged with 
CHARITIES, several Charities. Haye's Charity, which is still 

preserved, consists of the rent of 4^ acres of land, 
of the value of .£16 per annum. There are records of other 
Charities, most of which are now lost. Amongst them are the 
following :— 

Kellyton . In the paryshe church there an obytt. A messuage with thap- 
purtenances in Frogswell. in the parishe of Southe Hill, next Kellyton, 
of the gift of Robert Swimmer, late (1509) prior of the priory of Seynt 
Jarmayn, gevyn to the church wardens to kepe an obytt yerelye in the 
sayd parishe churche. 

The said messuage with thappurtenances ys of the yerely value, 
XXYIs. Vllld. 

Also Dinham's Charity for the poor, consisting of a rent charge of 10s. 
per annum^Hocking's Charity for the same purpose, a rent charge of 6/8 
per annum. 

Although Callington is not mentioned in 

THE CIVIL WAR. connection with the personal campaign of 

(17th century.) King Charles and his army, during the 

great Civil War of the Seventeenth Cen- 
tury, some parts of the district of East Cornwall were the scene 
of many battles; and they must have gone through or near 
Callington with their armies, in marching to and from Liskeard, 
Tavistock and Launceston, and also to Trecarrell, in Lezant, 



CADLINGTON. 51 



the Caradon Hills, and Saltash, as the following extracts will 
show : — 

" Wednesday, September 4th, 1643. The King marched from 
Boconnock to Liskeard ; his Majestie lay at Mr. Jeanes. The 
troops of Life Guards marched 6 myles further to Southile. 
Lord Bernard quartered at Mr. Manaton's, of Manaton, in this 
parish." 

" Thursday, September 5th. His Majestie marched from 
Liskerd in Cornwall, to Tavestock, Com, Devon, neare Ply- 
mouth." 

"The Parliamentary forces, under the command of General 
Euthven, Governor of Plymouth, entered the county by Tavistock 
Newbridge (adjoining Gunnislake), and advanced to Liskeard. 
This was on Thursday, January 19th, 1643. Liskeard was taken 
the same day — Ruthven fled to Saltash, which he fortified with 
much expedition." 

Callington has been for upwards of fifty 

INTRODUCTION OF years an important Wesleyan Methodist 

METHODISM. centre, and for the same period the head 

of a Circuit, which now embraces no 
less than twenty-five preaching places within its area, stretching 
from the banks of the Tamar at Luckett, in Stokeclimsland, to 
Downderry and Crafthole, by the south coast ; and includes the 
important and historic Boroughs of Saltash and St. Germans, 
each of which for generations sent two Members to Parliament. 
It was not, however, in any of those populous places where 
Methodism was first introduced into this large circuit, nor even 
in the town of Callington itself, but in the quiet and obscure 
little place, at one end of Callington parish on the borders of the 
river Lynher, called Frogwell, situated about one mile from the 
town, and which from time immemorial has not numbered more 
than four or five houses. Yet this little spot has a history, and 
attained a notoriety that places of far greater size, and much 
more populous would be proud of. For it was at Frogswell — as 
it was then called — where the inhabitants amongst others who 
had settled in " villula de Calyton," in the year 1436, petitioned 
Edmund Lacey, the Bishop of Exeter at that time, and also 
Pope Eugenius IV , to grant the right of sepulture at Callington, 
instead of conveying their dead to Southliill, a distance of three 
miles ; their petition was heard, and the request shortly after 
granted. 

Here it was too at Frogwell that, in the latter part of the 
Eighteenth Century, there lived a man called Thomas Denner, 



52 



VENNING S HISTOKICAL NOTICES. 



who was the main instrumont of introducing Methodism into the 
Callington Wesleyan Circuit, which in extent and importance, is 
now one of the largest, and in contributions to the Twentieth 
Century Fund is the third in the whole Devonport District, 
including the Three Towns ; liaving guaranteed no less a sum 
than 1,000 guineas, and paid upwards of £900. Frogwell is the 
mother Church of Callin£;ton Circuit. 




FKiK.WI.I.l. Wtf^LEVAN CHAPEL, CALLINGTON. 



This Thomas Denner was led to be a Christian when about 
60 years of age, through the influence of a godly agricultural 
labourer called George Briaimell, who at that time was the 
leader of the Methodist Society at Trelabe, in Linkinhorne, 
where Thomas Denner attended the services for some time after 
his conversion, five miles distant irom his home at Frogwell. 
He soon opened his house to the Methodist preachers, and to 
sustain the work afterwards he altered his house, making it 
suitable for Divine worship, and built another dwelling for him- 
self — a part of which can be seen in our illustration of the pre- 
sent chapel. At the age of 75 he died, and on his Will he gave 
the freehold of the house he occupied with six acres of land, to 
the Methodists for ever, or as long as there should be three 
jVlethodists at Callington and Frogwell together. In the same 



CALLINGTON. 



53 



Will there is the following clause : — " I desire that the best 
room in the house, with the bed, and the two pairs of sheets and 
blankets be kept for the use of the preachers, and for them 
alone." This was a kindly arrangement at that time, as some of 
the Itinerant Evangelists endured manifold hardships, at times 
spending their nights in the stable with their horses, or sleeping 
in lofts and rooms with holes in the roof, and draughts and chills 
in consequence. At times they had damp beds, lack of food, tire- 
less chimneys in the winter time, and not sufficient bedclothes at 
night. Thomas Denner in his last njoments made provision for 
the preachers' needs, and ensured a bed and blankets for all who 
passed that way and turned in for comfort, inheriting the best 
room and the best fare. There were also sundry other provisions 
made in his Will, for carrying on the work of preaching the 
Gospel in the place of worship he had fitted up. Thus it 
was at Frogwell in this parish, iNlethodism had its birth in this 
Circuit. 

Our forefathers have told us liuw in theii- youthful days, they 
used to come from all parts of the now Callington, Northhill and 
Lannceston Circuits to Frogwell; in some cases distances of 20, 
and even 30 miles, to attend tlie Methodist Band Meetings and 
Love Feasts that were held there. Tlie present neat little Chapel 
was erected in 1864 on the site of the old one. 

It was not long after Methodism was established at Frogwell, 
before a small Society was formed in Callington ; and the first 
Methodist Chapel erected in this town — which is still remem- 
bered by Mr. W. Dingle— was in Well Street, where they 
worshipped until the present Chapel was built in 1845, two years 
before Callington became the head of the Circuit. Amongst the 
noble band of leaders of the Methodist cause in the old place 
were, Dr. Pearse — who was maiiTiyHTTsFruniental in getting the 
new chapel erected — .Tohn Ball,( Michad Verran, Peter Kobeits, 
John Peter, William Dingle, John" Martin, Thomas Brown and 
Elizabeth his wile: — Out of these the only two now sui'viving are 
William Dingle and E. Brown. 

When the pi'esent Chapel was built, Methodism began to spread 
rapidly to the villages around, and Callington became the centre 
of a large Circuit — as by its position geogiaphically it is well adapt- 
ed — and it has ever since been an important centre in religious 
as well as political and social matters. Cha{)el building soon 
began in every direction around the district. The present Chaj^el 
was enlarged and re-seated in 1868, and new Schoolrooms and 
Vestries were erected in 1872. 



54 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



The Chapel has been greatly altered since its erection ; at first 
there was only one gallery at the end opposite the pulpit ; after- 
wards, the two side galleries were constructed, and when the 
organ was put in its present position, the gallery was made all 
around. There are no architectural pretensions whatever. It is 
a very plain exterior (as will be seen by our illustration), partly 
on account of alterations having been made so many times since 
its erection, and the buttresses and entrance porch having been 
also added. The place in itself is not very attractive, but the 
hallowed associations are everything to those who have for years 
worshipped there. The interior is neat and commodious, some 
idea of its size may be gathered from our illustration. Mr. W. 
Dingle was for forty-two years in succession the Chapel Steward, 
and superintended the whole of the alterations and improve- 
ments, extei'nally and internally, during that time. The 
building, with schoolrooms, classrooms, vestries and other 
accessories, is worth, at least, £2,500, and Mr. W. Dingle has 
contributed no less than one-fourth of this amount at various 
times. 




CALLINGTON WESLKYAX CHAPEL — EXTERIOR. 

The Jubilee of the Chapel was celebrated in 1895 with a 
series of splendid services, when Mr. R. Hancock and the 
Publisher were Stewards, and had to arrange for all the services. 



I 



CALLINGTON. 55 



They began in May, when the late Eev. Peter Mackenzie 
paid his last visit to CaUington, and the Chapel was crowded 
to the ceiling. Afterwards, in the same year, Mr. and Mrs. 
Hosegood, of Bristol; Eev. W. Beardmore, of London; Eev J. H. 
Wakerley and Mrs. Wakerley, also of London, came at different 
times to continue the series of Jubilee Services, but the climax 
was reached on the August Bank Holiday of that year, when 
that never-to-be-forgotten service was held in the evening, and 
Thomas Owen, Esq., our late M.P., presided over a crowded 
gathering, who came from all the country side around, to hear 
the stirring eloquence of the Eev. S. Weaver, of London, and 
Eev F. "W. Lowry, W.J. Davey, Esq., and others, some of whom 
related thrilling experiences of their associations with this place 
of worship in years gone by. SB'ffC"' DJ^a.S 

The Publisher can remember during nearly forty years of his 
association with this sanctuary, many who have preached 
from the same pulpit given in our illustration. Amongst the 
mighty host who haye crossed the flood, we have had such men 
as the late Eevs. Samuel Coley and John Eattenbury ; the latter 
for many years in succession came to preach the .Anniversary 
Sermons in this place, and always had a crowd. Neither can we 
forget the late Eevs. Charles Garrett, Dr. Jobson, Josiah 
Pearson, and the venerable James Calvert — who went tc the 
cannibals of Fiji, and described in vivid language how he was 
within a hair's breadth of being eaten by cannibals in that island. 
Here, too, the silver-tongued John Walton, delighted us in talking 
about the cinnamon gardens of Ceylon. Also the late Rev. W. 
O. Simpson, vvlio preached at the opening of the new School- 
rooms and Vestries in 1872. 

We can also picture in the pulpit before us the familiar form 
and attitude of Eev. Peter Maclcenzie, who favoured us very many 
times with his sermons and lectures, which were full of instruc- 
tion and humour, and who was here in 1895, as before stated. The 
late Eev. E. A. Telfer has also given us many of his popular and 
stirring lectures and sermons. Amongst the living preachers, 
some of us can recall the time when our great Methodist states- 
man, Dr. J. H. Eigg, preached here from the text " He saw them 
toiling in rowing, for the wind was contrary unto them " ; Joseph 
Bush, also one of the ex-presidents of Conference, and a well- 
known author, as well as preacher. We have heard, too, Mark 
Guy Pearse, the inimitable and popular Cornish author, preacher 
and lecturer, vvlio gave us " Hugh Latimer"; and the Eev.Eichard 
Eoberts, who preached at the re-opening services of this Chapel 
in 1868, from " Eeturn unto thy rest O my soul," and who also later 



66 



VENNING S HISTOKICAL NOTICES. 



on preached and lectured. Time would fail to tell of many 
others who have made their voices heard from this sacred desk, 
the mention of whose names would call up happy recollec- 
tions of the past, and their familiar forms and gestures in the 
minds of thousands who have worshipped in this sanctuary 
during the 56 years of its existence. 




(\M,1N(; ION WKSLKVAN CHAPEL — INTERIOR. 

How much the Callington Wesleyan Chapel and Truster 

generally owe to the interest and munificence of Mr. William 

Dingle, J. P., it would be difficult to estimate; but there is one 

act of generosity on his pait which we must note, as it will be of 

importance to Callington as long as it remains the head of the 



CALLINGTON. 57 



Wesleyan Circuit — tiaat is the gift of the Minister's house ; 
which he says was given in coinphance with the particular 
request of his wife, and was handed over to the Circuit about 
three years before her death. Tliis house was formerly a Public 
House, called " The Eing of Bells," which was purchased and 
re-built by Mr. Dingle, who resided there for some years. 

In 1888, when Mr. Dingle presented this house to the Calling- 
ton Circuit, a memorandum was drawn up and signed by him, 
which deserves to have a verbatim record on the pages of history. 
It is as follows : — "I, William Dingle, of Callington, Cornwall, do 
hand over and give the enclosed deeds of the house situated in 
Lower Street, Callington, Cornwall, now occupied as the 
Minister's House, for the Callington Circuit ; but should the 
Circuit be divided, the said house is to be the property of the 
Callington Circuit, without any charge or claim being made by 
that pait of tlie Circuit which is formed into another Circuit." 
This was accepted at the following Quarterly Meeting for tlie 
Circuit, when the Rev. G. Swidenbank was Superintendent. 

Amongst the number of illustrious dead who once worshipped 
in this Chapel, there is only one tablet erected, which is a marble 
one, and is inscribed : — 

" In affectionate remembrance of Arabella, the wife of William Dingle, 
of this town, who during a long life served her generation according to 
the will of God. She fell asleep in Jesus, December 4ch, 18'J1, aged HI 
years. 

The memory of the just is blessed. 

This tablet was erected by friends in the Callington Circuit, in recogni- 
tion of long and faitliful service rendereil to the cause of Christ." 

The Publisher has written the following lines as a memento to 
the memory of one so greatly revei'ed : — 

■' T]>e name that's on this innnument. 
Was to the Chinch an ornament ; 
Of her it nia;/ be iniUj said — 
She yet speaketh — thonyh non- .■<he\s dead." 

Referring to tiie names of Michyel Verran and Peter Roberts 
who were associated with the old Chapel in Well Street, and 
at that time were both miners, a singular accident occurred in 
which tliey had 

A REMARKABLE ESCAPE FROM PERIL. 

In 1842, nine men were engaged to sink a shaft in South 
Caradon Mine ; wiien at a depth of about seven fathoms, three 
of them, Michad Verran, Peter Roberts, and Vial — all Meth- 



58 VENNING'b HISTORICAL NOTICES. 

odists, the two former residing at Callington — were engaged in 
preparing a hole for blasting, and when all was ready, tlie charge 
exploded, throwing its burden in one large rock up the shatt> 
carrying before it the windlass and cutting the rope, and the 
rock was lodged on the surface. After the repairs were attended 
to, they went down the shaft again and prepared another hole ; 
this being done, Vial ascended and prepared powder, safety fuse 
and tamping, and sent it down to Roberts, whose duty it was to 
clean the hole and charge it ; Verran had to send up the blunt 
tools, put others in the safest place, then go up himself, leav- 
ing Roberts to set fire to the safety fuse. Verran remained in 
the shaft until Roberts had tamped the hole, when he called out 
"Fire!" to the man at the top. At this moment Verran was 
gathering up the tools, while Roberts watched the safety fuse,, 
which was longer than necessary, and to prevent an excess of 
smoke, he thoughtlessly took up a short borer and cut it off,, 
when it ignited. Roberts called out to the man above, " Wind 
up! Wind up!" Both Verran and Roberts took hold of the rope. 
Vial tried bat could not wind up. Verran ran into the corner of 
the shaft; as he did so Roberts said to him, " Stop! let him try 
again," to which Verran replied, "No, we are sure to be killed^ 
we are sure to be killed. Now I shall see Jesus, praise the 
Lord ! " Before these words were spoken, Roberts was ascend- 
ing in the kibble. Verran turned round his head to tell Roberts 
to come there with him, believing it to be the safest place. 
Seeing the kibble up a few feet he did not speak, but thought he 
could not escape, as, he afterwards said, he expected the shower 
of rocks to overtake him, and bring him to the bottom of the 
shaft again. Vial did his best in winding up Roberts, and he 
soon put his foot on the brace, when that instant the hole ex- 
ploded. Vial let go the windlass, and leaped off the shaft for 
safety. Roberts felt a prick in his forehead with a stone the 
size of a marble ; when going down the shaft he laid hold of the 
rope and falling against the windlass stopped it. That moment 
Verran called out, "Don't be frightened! wind up!" Roberts 
took hold of the windlass, and winding up with all his might 
called out, " Wind up! Wind up! Wind up!" Vial leaped back, 
took hold of the other end of the windlass and Verran was soon 
up. He showed a bruise on his leg that he had received, which 
prevented him from working a few days, most likely caused by a 
stone falling upon him as the burden of the hole was thrown up 
the shaft. 

This remarkable incident was published many years since 
in a London paper, but there were many misrepresentations 



CALLINGTON. 



59 



in it that Mr. Peter Eoberts had to correct. The above may be 
rehed on as authentic, as it was copied by the Pubhsher from 
the laand writing of the late Peter Roberts, one of the three. 
Michael Verran lived some years after this event. Peter Roberts 
was n)any years before this a class leader and a local preacher, 
and also a total abstainer from the year 1838 to his death, which 
occurred February 24tli, 1873, when he was 57 years of age. 

As an example of his unwearied labours as a local preacher 
when Callington wa-s in the Liskeard Circuit, his son relates, 
that on one occasion he walked to Dobwalls and back, from 
Callington, a distance of 22 miles, preached twice, and on his 
return assisted in a special service at Callington. 

Two grand old Methodists, who together have seen three 
centuries— 1792 to 1901. 





THE LATK MI!. JOIIX I'KI'KK. 
Of < 'ailing Ion. 



MR. W. DINCI.E, J. P. 
CaUinglon. 



John Peter was born in the parish of Linkin- 

MR. JOHN hornc, on July 1st, 1792. His father, who was 

PETER. also called John, was converted under the faithful 

ministry of the Rev. James Coffin, who was at 

that time the Vicar of Linkinhorne, and who held the vicarage 



60 venning's. historical, notices. 

for 53 years. It was under the same faithful ministry that the 
son John (the subject of our brief sketch) resolved to be a 
Christian, although it was not until he was 27 years of age that 
he was converted. Shortly afterwards he came to Calhngton, 
and started life under auspicious circumstances. He was for 
many years the purser of Kedmoor and Tamar Mines ; and 
mining pursuits lured him on to extensive speculation in mmmg, 
until by one stroke nearly all his earthly goods were swept 
away; but what he lost in money, he gained \n piety, and ever 
afterwards he seemed to be perfectly resigned to the will of God. 
The publisher has often heard him say in the class meeting, of 
which he was the leader — " the losing of my money was the 
saving of my soul." 

During his mining experiences, a remarkable incident occurred. 
He has himself described it : "It was almost dark one evening 
before I left the counting room ; I took a captain's caudle to 
light me on my way, but, somehow or other I got wrong in 
starting, and wandered on till I became thoroughly confused. 
Suddenly I felt a slight twitch of my fingers, and the candle I 
was holding was taken from me, as by an unseen hand. It did 
not fall, nor was it put out immediately, but was borne on in 
front of me, and then slightly inclined to the left, and that 
sufficiently to discover to me a precipice. When I saw it, I knew 
my whereabouts, which had I not known, the next moment 1 
should have been hurled into eternity. Immediately after the 
candle fell, and was extinguished, I stood still, and praised God 
for his great deliverance ; then, scrambling on my hands and 
knees, and feeling my way as I went, from amidst the shafts and 
pits by which I was surrounded, I escaped to the turnpike road, 
;and went home with a thankful heart. The next day I repaired 
to the memorable spot again, and thankfully surveyed the 
precipice of ruin where I stood the night before, but from which 
the kind over-ruling providence of God had delivered me." 

But it was che high state of Christian experience which he 
had attained, and resignation to the will of God under adverse 
circumstances, that made him the "good and dear old Mr. 
Peter," as he was often called, by those who were comforted and 
encouraged by his Christian advice and counsel. In all pro- 
bability had it not been for the worldly losses which he sustained, 
his name and memory might never have been revered as it is to- 
day by those who knew and loved him. He was specially fitted 
by his earnest piety and rnental vigour to be a class leader, which 
position he occupied for between 40 and 50 years, long before 
the present chapel was erected ; and continued as a leader up to 



CALLINGTON. 61 



the time of his death, which took place after a short illnes& 
on August 24th, 1872. In addition to meeting classes at 
Callington, in his younger days he often held class nieetiugs at 
Dunstan preaching house, and also at VVelltown near Callington. 
Some of his experiences which lie used to relate to tne members 
of his class will never he forgotten ; he used to say •' My will is 
swallowed up in the will of God : I am like a wheel upon the 
rails that will move backward or forward, which ever is required." 
He was a man fervent in prayer, and lived in the spirit of it up 
to his death. Often after he experienced the sanctifying grace of 
God, he used to retire by some quarry pit, or hayrick, and there 
pour out his soul in prayer alone with God. He used to say "It 
is a very good sign if a Christian has got a good scaly pair of 
knees; it showed that he was often in the attitude of prayer." 
Would that there were more such men to-day as the late Mr. 
John Peter. His son, Mr. John Peter, still survives, and for 
many years was a respected solicitor, practising in Callington, 
and who was nvainly instrumental in establishing the Gas W.orks 
in 1852, and for a long period was churchwarden. He now 
resides near Plymoutli. The two daughters of the late Mr. John 
Peter, Mrs Jane D. Blight and Miss Grace Peter, are also still 
living. 

Mr. William Dingle, the subject of our other 

MR. WILLIAM illustration — and who is still a fine hale old 

DINGLE, J. P. man now in his 85th year — was born on 

December Pith, 1816, at Callington. His 
father, Jeffery King Dingle, was thrown from his horse and killed 
instantaneously, near Stopgate, Callington, when he was only 
nine years of age. His father had been to Plymouth with Mr. 
Haye, of Playe, each on horseback, and on returning as far as 
Stopgate — which was then a turnpike gate — they both called 
there. Mr. J. K. Dingle left first, and was found by Mr. Haye 
directly after lying dead by the side of the road. Mr. Haye's 
horse shied at the dead body, and he was also thrown off and 
severely injui-ed, but i-ecovered from the accident. Mr. William 
Dingle who is one of the oldest residents in Callington — having 
resided here all his lifetime, except for about five years became 
a member of the Methodist Church about the year 1844, when 
they worshiped in the old chapel situate in Well Street, which 
sometime aftei- was purchased by liim and converted into 
cottages. He commenced business in Lower Street as a 
druggist and grocer, and at the same time cairied on wool- 
combing and wool-buying, and other branches. He after- 
wards built the present tan-yan-d, and founded the firm of " W. 



62 VENNING's HISTORICAL/ NOTICES. 



Dingle and Co.," Tanners, now carried on by Mr. W. Goodman, 
who still uses the same name in the business. Mr. Dingle was 
very successful in business, and retired from the drug and grocery 
business about 45 years since, and from the tanning partnership 
about 12 years since. When the Mineral Railway was opened 
at Kelly Bray, in 1871, he carried on business with his nephew, 
Mr. J. D. Willcock, as a coal merchant, from which he retired 
about 20 years since. 

But it is chiefly in connection with what he has done for 
Methodism in the Callington Circuit, that he is so well known, 
and so highly respected to-day. For many years he has been 
called " the grand old man of Callington Circuit," for there is 
scarcely a Wesleyan Chapel or Schoolroom that has been erected 
in the whole district for the last 40 years, to which he has not 
been a large contributor. It is true that he — like most others — 
has shown the greatest interest in his own place of worship, and 
towards the various extensions, erection of schoolrooms, vestries 
and enlargements, that have been made in the Wesleyan Chapel, 
Callington, he must have contributed at least between £500 and 
£600 towards what has been spent on the Chapel premises dur- 
ing the last 30 years. In 1888, Mr. Dingle at the request of his 
wife presented the Callington Wesleyan Circuit with a Minister's 
House of the value of £500, which he had built for himself, and 
where he had lived some years. 

Other Churches have also been largely helped by his ben- 
eficence. On account of presiding over various meetings for so 
many years he has been called " The Chairman of the District." 

He married on January 1st, 1846, Arabella Doidge, who be- 
came a faithful helpmeet in all his Christian work, and she was 
verily a modern Dorcas, " full of good works and alms, deeds 
which she did," and her hands were always thrown wide open 
to the poor. She died December 4th, 1891. A marble tablet to 
her memory is in the Wesleyan Chapel, and a copy of the inscrip- 
tion we have already given. They had only one daughter, Sarah 
Elizabeth, who married Angus Mackintosh, M.D., of Chesterfield, 
formerly of Callington ; she also died about three years since. 

We must not forget to mention the names of two other gentle- 
men who were closely associated with Mr. Dingle for many years 
jn the history of the Wesleyan Chapel, Callington, viz. : — The late 
John Martin, draper, and Edward Nicolls, solicitor. These 
three were the noble trio on whose shoulders the principal 
responsibility rested for some years — when Methodism was not 
so popular as it is to-day — until they were somewhat relieved by 



CALLINGTON. 63 

younger men. They were the leading spirits of the Methodist 
cause in this town, and also in all efforts for its extension 
throughout the length and breadth of the Circuit. Mr. John 
Martin retired from business many years since, and went to 
London to reside, where he died November 20th, 1896. He was 
buried in Callington Cemetery, where there is a splendid mon- 
ument to his memory. Mr. E. NicoUs left Callington for Ply- 
mouth, in 1885, where he remained several years, and then went 
to Vancouver, B.C., where he died in November, 1900. 

Although the population of this town and parish 

PLACES OF is less than that of the last Census, not more 

WORSHIP. than 17 14, adequate provision has been made 

for the various religious bodies and the spiritual 
needs of the people. All the places of worship appear to have 
been erected either by accident or design, in the centre and at 
or near ditferent entrances to the town like so many fortresses. 
The Church is in the centre, couimanding Fore Street and 
Lower Street ; the Wesleyan Chapel, at the West End, 
commands Frogwell and Haye Roads and Valentine Row ; 
the United Methodist Free Church commands Tavistock Road 
and the East End ; the Bible Christian Chapel is at the 
entrance to the town from Launceston Road ; and the Ply- 
mouth Brethren Chapel is near the entrance to the town from 
Liskeard Road. 

The United Methodist Free Church, have a very neat and 
commodious place of worship with Schoolrooms and Vestries 
annexed, in Tavistock Road, at the higher end of the town. 
The Chapel was built in 1852, when it was connected with 
Liskeard Circuit. In 1879, new Schoolrooms and Vestries were 
erected, and Callington with five other places in the district was 
constituted a separate Circuit with one Minister. There is a 
flourishing Sunday School, with Band of Hope and Christian 
Endeavour Society, all connected with this Chapel. 

The Bible Christians have only a Chapel at Newport, erected 
in 1850, which has become inconvenient for holding all the 
services in coimection with tlieir Society ; so they have decided 
to build a new Chapel with Schoolrooms under, to cost about 
£500, and have already secured a site near the present one, but 
in a much better and more commanding position. 

The Plymouth Brethren have a large Chapel situated in 
Liskeard Road, with a Schoolroom over, erected in 1862. They 
are the only Noncomformists in the town having a separate 
burial ground attached to their place of worship, and several 



64 VENNING's HISTOKICAL NOTICES. 

who were members of their Society and inhabitants of the town 
have been interred there. 

There are two good Elementary Day Schools 
SCHOOLS, in the town, which are supported by Voluntary 
Subscriptions and Government Grants. 

The National School, which numbers 240 children, is managed 
by a Committee, of which the Rev. J. Shaw, M A., is Chairman, 
and the Rev. J. M. Milner, Correspondent. Mr. Joseph Jenkin is 
the Master. The Grant earned last year was £169. 

The Wesleyan Day School was established on September 4th, 
1882, mainly through the efforts of the Publisher, who acted 
as Honorary Seci'etary for several years. The school opened 
with 104 scholars and now numbers 246. Rev. J. Birkbeck, 
F.R.M.S., is the Chairman of the Committee of Management . 
and Correspondent. Mr. R. H. Veall has been the Master ever 
since the School v?as established. This School earned a Grant 
of £163 for the past year. 

The town was deprived of its Public Hall 
PUBLIC HALL, in the year 1832, when the new market 

house was built, which was in the same 
year the town became disfranchised as a borough. From that 
time until 1884, all political and public meetings, of an un- 
sectarian and social character were obliged to be held in the 
Assembly Rooms at the hotel, or the Schoolrooms connected 
with the various places of worship. As Callington soon became 
a centre of light and leading by the formation of what has been 
widely known as " The Callington Platform," it was felt 
necessary to erect a Public Hall for Temperance and Political 
Meetings, and to combine with it a Temperance Hotel with 
stabling accommodation. A suitable site was procured in the 
centre of the Town, at the junction of Fore Street and Well 
Street. The leader of this scheme was also the Publisher of 
this Directory, who was supported by some of the leading 
Temperance men of the town, and after great diiliculties had 
been surmounted, they succeeded in floating a Limited Company, 
with a capital of £1,500 in £1 Shares, subscribed for by over 
300 Shareholders in the town and district. The Company is 
managed by a Board of twelve Directors. 

The Memorial Stones of the Public Hall were laid by J. Venn- 
ing, the principal promoter, in August, -1884, and who then acted 
as Honorary Secretary to the Company, when he deposited a 
printed list of the Shareholders in a bottle on one of the 



CALLINGTON. 



65 




F'UBLIC HALl. AND COFKEK TAVERN. CAI.MNGTON. 

Memorial Stones. The Public Hall — which is 47 feet x 36 feet 
— was opened with great celebration, January 29th, 1885, by- 
Mr. W. G. Borlase, then M.P. for the Division, who was naet on 
entering the town by the Band followed by the Volunteers, 
in uniform, and the Directors of the Company. An enthusiastic 
meeting was afterwards held. 

The Directors, shortly after, let the Hall with the Temperance 
Hotel, adjoining, all furnished, at a yearly rental of about £50. 
The first lessee was Mr. Spiller, of Dartmouth, afterwards Mr. 
J. Chubb, then Mr. H. Medland ; and for the last two-and-a-half 
years Mr. J. Richards, who is working up a good business in 
connection with these commodious premises, where every 
accommodation is provided for tourists, commercial travellers, 
and also stabling for horses on market and other days. 

Amongst the many important events in the history 

WATER of this ancient town, not the least was the convey- 

5UPPLY. ance into it of a pure supply of Water, in the year 

1886, from the springs on Kit Hill, near Kelly Bray, 

one mile distant from the town, at an altitude of 130 feet above 



66 venning's historical notices. 

Fore Street. The pressure is of sufficient force, in case of fire, 
to reach over the highest building in the town, and on July 2nd, 
1895, when the fire broke out in the tower, the water played over 
its pinnacles with great force. Although the bells and clock 
were destroyed, yet the fire was prevented from spreading to the 
Church. The water supply has been called into use for two 
other fires in the town, so that, for quenching fires alone, it has 
done good service. 

This town, however, did not obtain its water supply like most 
other towns and villages in the present day, by the local 
authority, and charge it on the rates — the proper course, as 
in all sanitary matters — but by a private company, most of 
whose shareholders do not reside in the town. It was first 
attempted to get the proper authority to give a water supply, and 
the Publisher of this Directory was the prime mover in the 
scheme, and stood almost single-handed against the leading 
inhabitants of the town, who opposed its being a charge on the 
rates. A poll was demanded for the election of Guardians to 
procure a water supply, but no one could be obtained to cham- 
pion the cause. It was then considered the town did not want 
a better supply, as it had been sufficient for generations before ; 
and although it was not intended to interfere with the existing 
supply, he was defeated. 

Undaunted by these checks, the Publisher then appealed 
direct to the Liskeard Board of Guardians, whose duty it was to 
provide for the sanitary well-being of the inhabitants, and they 
also refused — after a severe struggle — to do anything, notwith- 
standing he personally waited on them, and by petition again and 
again urged upon them the inconvenience to which the 
inhabitants were put, and the danger to which they were 
exposed through a scanty, intermittent and polluted water 
supply. These efforts, however, were all unavailing, and, disgusted 
with their apathy and neglect, he then solicited the aid of a few 
public spirited Callingtonians, who took the matter up and 
succeeded in floating a Company for supplying the town 
with water, with a capital of £1,000, in £1 shares. The 
Company was started in September, 1885, and the shares were 
readily taken. A plot of land adjoining the highway between 
Kelly Bray and Florence in this parish, with a right to collect 
water from springs in the adjoining fields, were secured from 
Lord William Compton on lease for 99 years, at the nominal rent 
of £2 lOs. On this piece of land a Reservoir was constructed, 
excavated out of solid rock, its storage capacity being 50,000 
gallons and covered with masonry arches. The springs are 



C ALDINGTON. 



67 




('Ai,MN(;'i(»N Kr,si:i;v(iii. 



never failing, and the water has been pronounced by the 
County Analyst as almost perfect. The drainage area is Kit Hill, 
and cannot be polluted, as from the time it drops down from 
the heavens, until it is drawn from the taps by the consumers, 
it is not exposed to the light of day, the reservoir and springs 
being all covered. The undertaking — which at first met with 
great dif^culties 
and opposition 
from various 
sources, an 
attempt being 
made to blow up 
the reservoir 
with dynamite 
— was ultimately 
successful, and 
the works were 
opened on July 
15th, 1886, amidst great rejoicings. Miss Horndon, of Pencrebar, 
(novv Mrs. Bush) who was presented with a silver key, opened the 
Reservoir, when a procession was formed, led by the band, and 
followed by the Directors and Officers of the Company, the 
Launceston and Callington Fire Brigades, the former of whom 
were mounted on their engine " Volunteer," with their uniforms 
and helmets glistening in the sun, and by shareholders and 
others, to the music of the band, the merry ringing of the bells, 
and displays of bunting, and entered the town to commemorate the 
most important event in the annals of its history — its being sup- 
plied with the first necessary of life — pure water. The late D. 
Horndon, Esq., was then the Cliairman of Directors, and Mr. 
J. Venning acted as Secretary, and principal promoter of the 
Company. 

For two or three summers in succession after the Waterworks 
were opened, the seasons were very dry, and as the water had 
been taken in by nearly one-half of the inhabitants of the 
town, the supply — being very limited — was put to a severe test, 
and the Company were unable to meet the demands of their 
customers during some parts of the summer months, and the 
public supply from the existing town well also fell short. 
Strenuous efforts were th6n made to increase the supply from 
both sources ; the Company resolved to increase its storage 
supply by constructing another Reservoir, which was done in 
1892, and additional springs were taken into it at the same time. 
The capacity of this Reservoir is 30,000 gallons, and is near the 



68 VENNING's HISTOUICAL NOTICES. 

other, being at about 40 feet lower level. Some of the towns- 
people who objected to pay for water, also agitated for the public 
supply at Pipe Well to be conveyed to the lower parts of the 
town, and for another spring to be opened at a lower level — 
which was done — and a drinking fountain provided for cattle, 
whicli became a charge on the rates. 

In 1893, the Publisher, who was then the Secretary of the 
Water Company, finding that with all the sources of water and 
the efforts made, there was not a 'sufficient supply for ihe town 
in dry seasons, on his own responsibility and cost, with the 
consent of the Highway Board, erected a Fountain near the 
half-mile stone on the Launceston main road, along the line of 
pipes leading to the town. The object was to provide first, a 
good drinking trough for cattle, where there was none before ; 
and also in case of emergency to allow an additional stream, that 
was then going to waste, to run into the mains of the Company 
by night or day, during tlie dry seasons, when the Eeservoirs 
were turned off. This additional supply was obtained without 
any extra expense, although a storm of opposition was first 
raised against it from some sources, and it has ever since been an 
important adjunct to the Company's supply. 

Here we must relate an amusing incident that occurred. 
One day whilst this Fountain was bemg erected, a company of 
women who resided at the Bowling Green, gathered around this 
spot, where they obtained their temporary supply when their 
own failed, and vowed that if they could catch the author there 
they would tie him to the half-mile stone close by, as a 
penalty for diverting their water ; but ever since it has been 
erected, instead of these women having to go a quarter-of-a- 
mile to fetch their water, they have had a free supply all the 
year round, from a tap within a few yards of their houses. 
When the Fountain was presented to the Town and opened by 
the Portreeve with great celebration on the wedding day of 
H.E.H. the Duke of York, now Duke of Cornwall, one of the 
same women proposed — before an assembly of about 200 
gathered there — a vote of thanks to the same man whom a 
short time before they were going to bind to the mile stone and 
said they would never have had the water brought to their doors 
if it had not been for him. This Fountain — which is built of 
ornamental terra cotta tiles and enamelled bricks, manufactured 
at the Tamar Terra Cotta Works, on Hingston Down — has the 
following inscription : — 

"This Fountain was erected by James Venning. Promoter of the 
Callington Water Company, to commemorate the event of sujiplying the 



CALLINGTON. 



69 



Town with Water, and the Opening of the Two Reservoirs, 1886-92. 
Opened by Dr. H. Davis, Portreeve. Jnly Gth. 189;i." 




FOUNTAIN IN LAtTNCKSTON ItOAD. 



Shortly after it was opened, the water was required to help 
the town supply, so the Fountain ceased to play, and boys on 
their way to and from school, would amuse themselves by 
throwing stones and rubbish at it. This led the Publisher to 
issue the following lines as a printed notice on a board fixed 
near it, but the notice was soon removed. 



NOTICE ! 

Boys ! please will you let this Fountain alone? 

And don't throw at it either dirt or stone ; 

If not interfered with, its waters will play, 

And send forth its streams fresh hy nisfjit and by day. 

In the dry seasons, when tlie sprin<4s are low, 

The water from this Fountain will run slow ; 

But when the si)rings break, and tiie pressure is high, 

It will swiftly flow, and spring up in the sky. 

The supply ne'er fails, and you may be sure. 
The water at the fountain head is ])ure ; 
And in case this spring should ever cease to play. 
The stream has been made to run another way. 



70 



VENNING S HISTOKICAIi NOTICES. 



It will quench the thirst of the passing steeil. 
And the thirsty trav'ler who stands in need : 
But as long as this Ft)untain shall here remain. 
He who drinks of this water shall thirst a-jain. 



J VKNMNfi. 




Photo bij] 



FORK STKKKT. CAi.i.i NtJ I ( )\. [Frith d: Co., Reigate. 



Althougli Gallington is not a large town, and has not many 
streets, yet Fore Street — which is the principal one for width, 
length and straightness — will compare favourably with those of 
any other town in the County. The buildings also, especially 
the business houses, are very superior, and have been greatly 
improved during the last twenty years. 



The Tolls of the Market, until about five years- 
THE since, were let at a fixed yeai'ly rental, when Lord 

MARKET. William Compton (now the Marquis of Northamp- 
ton) wrote to the Gallington Parish Council, and 
desired that the Market, together with the Allotments, and the 
Eecreation Ground, which he had granted, should be under 
the control of that body. The Parish Council took over the two 
latter, but it was ascertained they could not legally hold control 
over the Market, although an Urban Council could if it had then 



CALLINGTON. 



71 



been formed. His Lordship then sought to transfer the Market and 
its tolls, to a responsible body of the leading business and public 
men of the town, and met them personally, by appointment, at 
Golding's Hotel, when it was arranged that the Marl<ets should 
be granted on lease to this body for a term of 21 years, from 
Midsummer, 1896, at a reduced rental, so that the lessees might 
recoup themselves for any outlay they might incur in building a 
new Cattle Market, and in making necessary improvements in 
the present weekly one for the convenience of the public. These 
lessees (whose names are given elsewhere), immediately after the 
Markets were under their control, made an outlay of about £600 
in building the new Cattle Market and its approaclies, together 
with extensive alterations and improvements in the buildings 
where the weekly markets are held. 




Photo by] 



CAF-MNc; TON MAKKKr COUNCIL. [Harris, Quelhiock, 



MK. W. PKARCK. Dlt. II. I>AV1<. .ICN. M I{. .1. VKNMNf;. 

MR. (J. BRKNnON. MK. .1. T. lU.KJMT. MU. .1. I'OHtROY. 



It is regretted that only one lialf of tlie membei's of the Market 
Council appear in our illustration, but that is not the fault of the 
Publisher. 



72. 



VKNN1>JG S HISTOKICAL NOTICES. 



S=^- 




I'ENCKF.l'.AR HorSK. 



This handsome modern Mansion is the pro- 
PENCREBAR. perty and residence of Wm. H. Horndon, 

Esq., and is pleasantly situated midway be- 
tween Callington and Newbridge, on the Lynher river, adjoining 
the main road leading to Liskeard, and occupies a very com- 
manding position. It was built m 1849, by the late William 
David Horndon, Esq., an uncle of the present proprietor, 
who died in 1880, without issue, and was buried in Callington 
Cemetery. His brother David William Hickes John, then in- 
herited the estates, and resided here until his death, which took 
place on February 19th, ]893, when he was 88 years of age. He 
was buried in Callington Cemetery along with his wife, Susan Eead 
Horndon, who died October 6th, 1892^ They left issue two sons 
and five daughters, viz, : — William Hext and David, Barbara 
Christiana, Susan Pattison, Elizabeth Loveday, Pjleanor Mary, 
and Anna Hext, who still survive. 

The fumily arniK, — Arg. a heron, rola/it i/i Jesac. uzvrc. memhered, ore be- 
tween three escallops sable. 

This family originally called Herondon, subsequently con- 
tracted to Herndon, and now Horndon, has been located for 
upwards of three centuries in the County of Cornwall, and has 
held lands since the reign of Elizabeth. 



CALLINGTON. 



73 



The Kev. Thomas Horndon, formerly Rector of St. Domiiiick, 
was the great grandfather of the family now residing at Pen- 
crebar. 

The Publisher regrets that by an oversight on the part of the 
Map Publishers, the name Pencrebar was on)itted from the Map 
annexed. 

Kit Hill Castle is situated about one-and-a-half 
KIT HILL miles from Callington, and adjoins the main road 
CASTLE. leading from Calhngton to Tavistock where the 

East Cornwall Coach passes daily. It is called Kit 
Hill Castle, although it has not the appearance of one outside. 
It was formerly an old mine engine house and buildings, and 
ruany years since was i)urchased by Mr. W. Dingle, Callington, 
who laid out a considerable sum in converting it into a residen- 
tial house and grounds, suitable for a health resort. It is 800 
feet above sea level. It faces South, and from it very extensiye 




K I I III 1,1, (' Asri.j-, 



views of ])artmoor, the river Tamar, and the surrounding 
■country may be seen. The place is Ijecoming every j'car 
increasingly popular, and visitors after staying there for a short 
time, have been gi-eatly invigorated and improved in health by 



74 vennikg's histokical notices. 

the bracing and salubrious air of Kit Hill, and greatly enchanted 
with the scenery. Mr. H. Medland, formerly of the Public Hall 
and Temperance Hotel, Caliington, is the lessee, and has 
furnished apartments to let, or lodgings, all the year round, but 
in the summer season they are generally full, so it is necessary 
to make engagements early. This place has been strongly 
recommended for invalids by some eminent physicians and 
doctors, a few of whom have been there to stay themselves. 



A Summary of Leading invents in the History of the Ancient 
Town, Borough and Manor of Caliington, from A.D. 449 
to 1901. 

V. CENTURY. 

44'.' Hengist and Horsa, with Jutes, crossed the Tamar at Horsebridge 
and thence to Kingston Down, Caliington ; hence the names 
Hengist's Down and Horsa's Bridge. 

VI. CENTURY. 

King Arthur kept his Palace and Court in the early part of this 
century, at Caliington. then called Kilhwick. Hingston Down is 
supposed to be the scene of some of his battles. 

IX. CENTURY. 

83.^1 Great Battle on Hingston Down, between Saxons and Danes — 
the latter defeated by Egbert, who then became the First King^ 
of the English. This famous battle gave birth to the United 
Kingdom. 

XI. CENTURY. 

1086 Caliington. in Domesday Book called Calweton, which was held 
by the King. This Manor belonged to the Duke of Cornwall and 
King of Britain. 

XII. & XIII. CENTURIES. 

About the close of the 12th Century and the beginning of the 
13th. the Parliament of Tinners for Devon and Cornwall 
assembled at Kit Hill, every 7th or 8th year, for conference^ 
before the reign of Henry HI. 

XIII. CENTURY. 

1267 H^nry HI. granted the Market Charter to this town and borough 
when the Manor belonged to Trevenor. 

1288 17th Edward I.. Manor transferred to Geo. Wm. Trefusis, of 
Trefusis. Mylor, by John de Clinton. 

121'4 23rd, Edward I., Inquisition into the value of Cornish benefices, 
by Bishops of Lincoln and Winchester. Caliington had then nO' 
endowment, and was not consolidated with Southhill. 



CALLINGTON. 75 



XV. CENTURY. 

1436 Sir Nicholas Ashton. the father of the builder of the Church, 
represented Cornwall as one of the Knights of the Shire, with 
John Trethurf. 

1436-7 Sir Nicholas Assheton (the re-builder of the Church), and others 
petitioned Bishop Lacey to grant the right of sepulture at 
Callington — Consent of patron obtained. June 1st, 1436, and 
February 2()th. 1437. 

1438 August 31st. the present Church was dedicated to St. Mary, and 
full parochial rights acquired. Right of sepulture confirmed by 
Prior of St. Germans, but ecclesiastically subject to the mother 
Church of Southhill. 

1443 Nicholas Assheton made Serjeant-at-Law. 

1445 Sir Nicholas Assheton made one of the Justices of the Bench. 

1465 Sir Nicholas Assheton (who rebuilt the Church) died, and wa» 
buried here. Brasses and epitaphs to his memory, and his wife, 
Margaret, still remain in the Church. 

149'^ August 12th. Sir Robert Willoughby, Knight, of Broke, by aiding 
the cause of the Earl of Richmond, and assisting in the victory 
of Bosworth. was elevated to the peerage by Henry VII., and 
called Lord Willoughby de Broke. 

XVI. CENTURY. 

1502 Alabaster Altar Tomb erected to 1st Lord Willoughby de Broke, 
who died, and was buried in this Church. (See illustration page 42). 

1521 Wolsey's In(iuisition into Cornish benefices, when it was found 
that Callington and Southhill were sometime before united. 

1583 Date of Callington Silver Mace. 

1585 27th Elizabeth. Callington constituted a Parliamentary Borough, 
and from this date sent two members to Parliament, until dis- 
franchised in !K')2. 

XVII. CENTURY. 

1691 Sir Jonathan Trelawny, Bart., Lord of the Manor, and also Patron 
of Living, in 1727. 

XVIII. CENTURY. 

1742 Earl of Orforil. Lord of the Manor, and Patron. 

1787 Methodist i)reacliers visited Callington, and preached in the 
Market House. 

1794 Launceston Wesleyan Circuit formed, including Callington. 

XIX CENTURY. 

1809 Liskeard Wesleyan Circuit formed, including Callington. 

1817 Wesleyan Sunday School established. 

1832 The present IMarket House built. 

1840 Saltash Wesleyan Circuit formed, including Callington. 

1845 The present Wesleyan Chapel erected. 



1^ venning's historical notices. 

1847 Callington Wesleyan Circuit formed, including Saltash. 

1850 Bible Christian Chapel erected. 

1852 Gas Works erected, town supplied with gas. 

United Methodist Free Church erected. 

Bible Christian Circuit formed. 

185it May 12th, Parish Church restored after an outlay of £1()0U. 

2nd D.C. B,ifle Volunteers. " B " Co. established. Captain — J. 
Kempthorne ; Lieutenant — J. Peter. 

1862 Plymouth Brethren Chapel erected. 

Volunteer Shooting Match at rifle range — open to all comers. 

1864 An apportionment made of Hingston Down Common. Callington, 
the famous battle ground, comprising 500 acres. 

1866 County Police Station erected. 

1868 Wesleyan Chapel re-opened by Rev. R. Roberts. 

1872 New Wesleyan Schoolrooms and Vestries built. 

1877 Cemetery with 2 acres formed, and Mortuary Chapel erected, 
cost £900. 

1871) FreemasonsVHall erected, cost £600. 

U. M. F. C. Schools and Vestries built. 

United Methodist Free Church Circuit formed. 

1-881 Church enlarged, north aisle added at a cost of £2000, 

First issue of " Venning's Directorj' of E. Cornwall." circulation 
1500 copies, 

January 6th, celebration of the "coming of age" of 2nd D.C.R. 
Volunteers — Captain Richards. Prizes presented by Col. Cory- 
ton. 1st won by Sergeant Pearce. 

1882 September 4th. Wesleyan Day School established, principally 
through the efforts of the publisher of this Directory, and num- 
bers to-day 246 scholars. 

1884 August, Foundation Stone of Public Hall laid by J. Venning, 
who was mainly instrumental in forming a Limited Company for 
its erection, with a coffee tavern attached, at a cost of £1,600. 

1885 January 2'Jth, Public Hall opened by W. C. Borlase, M.P., with 
great celebration. 

January' 2'Jth. Silver Anniversary of Volunteers — badges pre- 
sented tor 25 years sfervice to Sergeants Carder and Pearce. 

1886 Water Company formed for supplying the Town with water. 
Capital. £l,0(JO — the jjublisher of this Directory being the chief 
promoter. Reservoir constructed. 50,000 gallons capacity, opened 
by Miss Horndon, with great rejoicings, in July. 

1887 Second issue, " Venning's Jubilee Directory," of 2000 copies. 

1888 Wesleyan Ministers' House presented by Mr. Wm. Dingle, to 
the Callington Circuit, value £."jO(J. 

1892 Another Reservoir. ;jO.OO(J gallons capacity, constructed by the 
Water Company. 



CALSTOCK. 



n 



1893 July 6th. Fountain opened by the Portreeve, erected by J. 
Venning in Launcestou Road, on the wedding day of Duke of 
York, now Duke of Cornwall. 

1895 July 2nd, great Fire in Church Tower, bells and clock destroyed, 
and Tower greatly damaged. 

1896 April 1 1th. new peal of bells dedicated, costing £375 ; and on June 
25th, new clock started, costing £151. 

June 24th, Market transferred to Council. 

1898 New Cattle Market erected at a cost of near £501). by the Market 
Council. 

1899 June 1st, visit of Col. Aid worth with officers and men of 32nd 
Regiment. D. C.L.I. Col. Aldworth and three officers and a large 
number of men have since been killed in the Transvaal war. 

XX. CENTURY. 

1901 Third issue, enlarged and illustrated edition of " Venning's 
Directory and Ancient History of East Cornwall." of 2501) copies 
for the new Century. 

Urban Powers granted by the County Council. 



CALSTOCK. 




CAI.SIOCK TOWN. 



Calstock was anciently spelt Calestock (which means hard 
stock or oak), and does not appear to have had any other name, 



78 venning's historical notices. 

like some of the other parishes in East Cornwall, and it is 
mentioned in Domesday Book as Calestock. Hals says : " The 
rectory of Calstock Church seems to be extant before Domesday 
tax, since it passed then by that name, and hath never admitted 
of any change of name or alteration since, and was undoubtedly 
founded and endowed by the Earls of Cornwall out of their 
Manor of Calstock wherein it is situate, and the Duke of Corn- 
wall or the King in that right are still patrons thereof." 

The Town of Calstock is situated on the banks 

THE of the Tamar, and, although the houses are 

TOWN. irregularly built, and its streets narrow, it is 

iki a thriving place for shipping. In the summer 

time it is visited by thousands of excursionists and tourists from 

the Three Towns, and other places, who often take trips up the 

beautifully winding Tamar, and stop at Calstock Quay, or proceed 

to the celebrated Morwell Eocks and the Weir Head, the river 

being navigable as far as the latter place, which is easily 

accessible by river, or by rail from Bere Alston. 

The scenery in the neighbourhood of this town and parish is 
the most romantic, grand and picturesque to be found anywhere 
in the West of England. From Calstock Town by road, you 
climb a very steep ascent before reaching the Church, which is 
nearly half-a-mile from the town, and 330 feet above sea level; 
so that this Church like Dosmary Pool " On top stands of a 
hill," but it will well repay you to reach the summit, where a 
most magnificent panorama of country is laid out before you. 
On either side the serpentine course of the Tamar is visible for a 
•considerable distance ; whilst on the opposite bank of the river 
is the majestic, grand and precipitous headland of rocks, which 
will ever be celebrated as " The Morwell Eocks," standing out in 
bold relief ; on one side are the thickly wooded grounds of 
Cotehele, where the foliage rises 

" Shade above shade ai woody theatre 
of stateliest growth." 

Directly under your feet to the west is Calstock Town, and on 
your left is the populous village of Gunnislake — a portion only of 
which can be seen ; whilst right before you sloping as a steep 
gradient all the way to the river banks is Harewood, which is 
made illustrious as being generally supposed to be the scene 
of the story of " Edgar and Elfrida," which we give in our 
pages. 



CALSTOCK. 



79 



The Church, which was dedicated to St. 
THE CHURCH. Andrew, is chiefly remarkable for its com- 
manding situation. It is an ancient building 
of Cornish granite, in the Perpendicular style, consisting of 
chancel, nave of four bays, aisles, vestry, and south porch. The 
Church affords evidence of having replaced an older building, 
and when it was restored in 1867, the base of a Norman Font 
was discovered beneath the paving. The East Window, which 
was the gift of Mr. Isaac Kosekilly, in memory of his father, 
was the device of Fouracre and Watson ; the stonework was 
designed by Mr. St. Aubyn, of London. The Call of St. Andrew, 




Photo by] 



CALSTOCK CHURCH. [Fi-ith <& Co., Reigate. 



and his Martyrdom form the subjects of the side-hghts, while the 
centre contains a Figure of our Lord, with upraised hand, in the 
attitude of benediction. The Granite Piers are monoliths (or 
made of single stones), and the differences in their moulding, as 
well as in those of the Arcades, seem to denote that the Aisles 
were added at different dates. Before the restoration, the whole 
interior had been encrusted by many coats of white-wasli, and 
upon its removal, upon the north side of the nave, a large Fresco 
was brought to light, representing the legend of St. George and 



80 VENNINg's HISTOKICAL NOTICKS. 

the Dragon. A copy of King Charles's letter is still preserved^ 
dated 1643. 

The earliest entry in the oldest Church Register is that of a 
marriage in the year 1656, but the binding of the book testifies 
that it originally commenced with the year 1560. It appears, 
therefore, that the records of the 84 years intervening have been 
lost since the book was bound, and there is a note by the Rev. 
F. T. Bachelor, to the effect that he found it in that state when 
he became Rector, in 1854. 

The Tower is embattled, with octagonal pinnacles, and con- 
tains a clock, and six bells, cast in 1773, and re-hung in 1893. 

In the Mortuary Chapel, built in 1588 for 

THE the Edgcunibe family, among others are the 

MONUMENTS. tombs of Richard Edgcumbe, who died in 

that year, and of Jemima, daughter of John, 
1st Baron Crew, of Stone, and wife of Edward, 1st Earl of 
Sandwich, who died in 1674. There is also a memorial window to 
the Dowager Countess of Mount Edgcumbe, who died in 1881. 
There is another memorial window to the late Edward Williams, 
Esq., of Honeycombe House. In the porch, there is a deeply 
carved tombstone commemorating Griffith Stevens, and John 
Stevens, v/ho died in 1591 and 1620 respectively. 

On a tablet in the Church there is an epitaph in memory of 
Mary Susan, daughter of John Williams, Esq., of Sandhill,, 
aged 4 years. 

'■ For thee the world ahull weave no snare, 

No grief shall ever cloud thy broxv, 

Uiistahied hi/ sin, untouched hij care. 

The better part, blest child hast thou 

Bjj angel voices sung to rest ; 

And pillow' d on thy Saviour s breast.'' 

In the burial ground we find the following quaint epitaph in 
memory of Stephen Pearce, who was a blacksmith in this- 
parish : — 

" My Sledge and Hammer lie reclined. 
My BelUnvs Pipes have lost their loind, 
My Fire's extinguished, my Coals decayed, 
And in the dust my vice is laid ! 
My Iron is wrought my life is gone. 
My Nails are driven, my Work is done." 

In an Orchard near Calstock Town, adjoining the road 
to the Church, a Tombstone is thus inscribed : — 

" Here lyeth the body of Nicholas Cole, of Plymouth, Mercer, who 
departed this life the XI day of July, 1074. being in the XLIX yeere o*' 
his age." 



CALSTOCK. 81 



It is said the person who chose this strange place of interment 
was a Quaker. 

The Churchyard— one of the largest in the County — 
was enlarged in 1880 to 3 acres, and an additional acre was 
added in 1887. There is also a Cemetery belonging to the 
parish, about a mile distant from the Churchyard, near Albaston. 

At Harrowbarrow there is a Chapel of Ease called " All 
Saints," erected in 1871, at a cost of about £600. It consists of 
apsidal chancel, nave, north porch, and a western bellcote 
containing one bell. There are 150 sittings. " St. Michael and 
All Angels," Latchley, is also a Chapel of Ease, and was built 
in 1883, at about the same cost. 

St. Anne's Church at Gunnislake, built, including its furniture 
and fittings, at the cost of £2,400, was consecrated by Bishop 
Benson, afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury, on November 
2nd, 1880. 

This is one of the very few Manors which still 
CUSTOMS retain many of the ancient customs peculiar to 
OF THE the ancient possessions of the Duchy of Cornwall, 
MANOR. and Calstock is one of the 228 manors that were 
given to the Earl of Moreton. In the reign of 
Henry III. it was held by Roger de Valletort, by whom it was 
given to Richard, Earl of Cornwall, and from which time it 
continued to be vested in the earls and dukes until 1798, when 
under the Land Tax Redemption Act, it was purchased by John 
Pierson Foote, who in 1806 sold it to John Williams, of Scorrier 
House ; it then came to John Michael Williams and William 
Williams, and afterwards to John Michael Williams alone ; then to 
Michael Williams, late of Gnaton Hall, in Devon, who died 
suddenly near Calstock, when on his way to attend his court 
there in 1899. By his death the manor came to John Charles 
Williams, his younger brother, of Caerhayes Castle, Cornwall. 
John P. Blight, of Callington, is the steward of the manor. 

As the property of this parish is divided into so many small 
holdings, which are still of copyhold tenure, and, as the Publisher 
is so familiar with its customs, it may not be out of place to give 
just an outline of its peculiar holding. 

This Manor being one of the ancient possessions of the Duchy 
— but having been sold before the Duchy Lands Enfranchise- 
ment Act of 1845 — the property is still copyhold. This holding 
is just the same as freehold, with the exception of certain cus- 



82 venning's historical notices. 

toms, rents, fines, suits, and services tliat have to be rendered to 
the lord of the manor, and unless these are observed the pro- 
perty is liable to forfeiture in 21 years. 

The property in the parish is divided into parcels and under 
different holdings. There is Freehold, of the manor, v?hich is 
subject to nominal fixed rents, to do suit to two law Courts in 
the year, but not liable to forfeiture, nor to be surrendered in 
Court. The rents of this property are called Eents of Assize. 

Then there are the Conventionary tenements commonly called 
" Old Take;" this holding constitutes a considerable portion of 
the parish, although a large quantity has been enfranchised. 
These tenements were originally divided under different heads, 
and numbered on the Court Eolls of the manor as so many acres 
of land ; and on every sale or subdivision the property has 
been subdivided into parts, and each part has to be represented 
by a tenant, either the owner or any person he likes to 
appoint, who holds the property at the will of the lord of the 
manor, according to the customs of the manor. These mav be 
briefly 'summed up as follow : — To be held for a term of seven 
years from one Assession Court to another, and paying in equal 
portions a fixed yearly rent ; also a certain fine equally divided 
between the first six years after the Assession Court, but the 
seventli shall be quiet, and " shall be Reeve, B6daland,-and 
Tythingman when chosen, and shall sustain his hedges, ditches, 
and enclosures at his own costs ; and when he shall die shall give 
to the lord for every tenure a best beast, and ought to draw 
millstones to the mill if need be, and shall do fealty to the lord." 
The Heriot of a best beast is now compromised by the payment 
of about £3. 

All tenants are admitted to the copyhold property of this manor 
under these customs, and every seven years an Assession Court is 
held, and all tenants on the Court Rolls, are expected to attend 
either personally, or by letter of attorney, to answer to his or her 
name on the Assession Roll being read through. On failure of 
attendance a fine or Non Cepit is entered against the property, 
and in case of three successive Assession Courts and no attend- 
ance at either, or three Non Cepits, the property after public pro- 
clamation has been made in the Court three times, and no appear- 
ance, becomes forfeited to the lord of the manor, and the Reeve 
is afterwards instructed to go and seize the property, which can 
then only be redeemed by a re-grant from the lord; this forfeiture 
has taken place several times. In addition to rents and fines pay- 
able as before mentioned, there are also payments for Barbiage, 



CALSTOCK. 83 



Worka, Old Knowledge and New Knowledge, and Fealties on the 
a,dmission of new tenants. About a month after Michaelmas in 
each year, a large Court of the manor is lield for collecting i-ents 
and dues, itc, when a jury is empanelled to present the customs 
of the manor. 

There is another holding of the manor called " New Take," 
which forms a considerable portion of the parish, and at the 
time when the manor was sold was waste land. This has since 
been granted by the lords of the manor to various persons, on 
nearly the same customs as the " Old Take," subject to a fixed 
conventionary rent of about 10s. per acre ; but on this holding any 
mining operations may be carried on without making any compen- 
sation for surface damage whatever. 

The allotments on Hingston Down, which were awarded in 
respect of the " Old Take," but have since been enclosed, are 
also copyhold property, and must be represented by a tenant on 
the Court Rolls, and surrendei-ed in Court on any sale, and liable 
to forfeiture the same as " Old Take" and " New Take," ;■ but 
there are no rents or fines payable for the allotments. The Courts 
of the manor invariably open with the following proclamation by 
the Reeve or Tythingman who stands at the door and says:"0 yez! 
O yez ! yez ! All manner of persons having anything to do 
with this qpurt of John Charles Williams, Esq., lord of this manor 
let them come forth and they shall be heard. All other persons are 
required to keep silence while the Court doth proceed. God 
save the King, the lord, steward, and all the tenants of the 
manor. Amen ! " 

Cotehele, an ancient Mansion belonging to the 
COTEHELE. Earl of ' Mount Edgcumbe, is in this parish, 

situated about a mile west from Calstock, erected 
on an eminence on the western bank of the Tamar, and is the 
residence of Lady Ernestine Edgcumbe. It is a most interesting 
mansion, but being almost surrounded with wood it can scarcely 
be seen from the river. The great blizzard of March, 1891, how- 
ever, played a terrible havoc with the huge and stately trees that 
for generations had sheltered the mansion, and hid it from public 
view, and a great number of them were blown down. They have 
made the house and grounds somewhat bare and open to view 
from many places of vantage in the vicinity. 

There is no date when it was ei'ected, but from the style of 
architecture it is supposed to have been built by Sir Richard 
Edgcumbe, in the reign of Henry VII., and from its high state 



84 



^enning's historical notices. 



of preservation it exhibits a fine specimen of a mansion of tliafe 



age. 




coi'r.iiEiJ-; iiousK. 



The drawing-room at Cotehele is the room where Charles II., 
then Prince of Wales, slept for a few nights during 1645 ; it is 
still called King Charles's Eoom. In an apartment in the tower 
there are two chairs with Brass plates attached to them, bearing 
the following inscriptions : — 

" 0« Tuesday, August 25th, 17S9, His mujestij Kbuf George the 3rd 
iLOnoured this old mansion v'ith his presence, and sate in this chair, while he 
condescended to take a breakfast ivith the Earl and Couidess of Mount 
Kdgcmnbe. Their Koijal Highnesses Priyicess Royal. Princess Augusta and 
Princess Elizabeth, also hoioured them at the same time, v)ith their presence." 

" On Tuesday, August 25th. 17S9, Her majesty Queen Charlotte honoured 
this old matision u-ith her presence, atid sate iti this chair, ivhile she con- 
descended to take a breakfast with the Earl and Comitess of Mount 
Edgeumbe." 

Cotehele was visited by the late Queen Victoria and Prince 
Consort, in 1846. 

The woods, particularly those between the house and the 
Tamar, are adorned with trees of stately growth. Among these 
the Spanish Chestnut has attained an immense size. In a lonely 
spot at the bottom of one of the woods, there still exists a 



CALSTOCK. 85 



Gothic Chapel, situated within a circle of picturesque scenery 
upon a rocky eminence rising, abruptly from the river, and 
disclosing its east end among the trees which conceal the 
other parts of the building. Upon one of its walls within, 
the following account of its foundation is painted, taken from 
Carew's " Survey of Cornwall " : — ■ 

'■ Sir Richard Edgcuiuhe the elder, was drire)t to liide himsplf in those his 
thick looodh. irh'ich orerloak the river, inhiit time being suspected of favouring 
the Earle <f Richniond's parlf/. against King RicJiard the III., he vas hotely 
pursued., and narron-/// searched for. Which e.rtreinit!/ taught him a sudden 
policy, to put a stone in his cap, and tumble the sain.e into the water^ inhile 
these rangers v)ere fast at his heeles, icho hxdcing down after the notjse, and 
seeing his cap sumnniing thereon supposed that he had desperately drovnied 
himselfe, gave over their farther hunting and left him at liberty to shift away, 
arid ship over iid.o Brittaine : for a grateful remembrance ol' which delivery. 
hee afterioards builded in the place of liis lu/-/.-i/ig, a Chapell." 

The Chapel is small and plain, in one of the windows there 
is some painted glass, which bears the female effigy of a saint, 
the crucifixion, and the family arms. On the altar there are a 
gilded crucifix and the image of a bishop. Upon the wall there 
is an old painting of a female holding a book ; and opposite to it is 
the representation of an angel with a sceptre. Sir Eichard 
Edgcumbe was comptroller of the household to Henry VII., and, 
having been sent on an Embassy to France, he died at Morlaix, 
•on his way home, in 1489, where he was buried. The representa- 
tion of him here shews a knight in armour, kneeling before a 
•desk, and by his side a bishop, which some affirm to be the 
resemblance of Thomas u Becket. 

It was at Cotehele that it is alleged the mother of Eichard 
Edgcumbe (who was the first baron created in 1742) was 
singularly recovered from death. She had been ill, had appa- 
rently expired, and her body had been deposited in the family 
vault ; the interment was over, and tlie Sexton, who knew that she 
had a gold ring or rings upon her fingers, went into the vault, and 
opening the coffin, proceeded to take off the superfluous orna- 
ments as he considered, and in doing so pinched the fingers 
perhaps not vejy mercifully. All at once he observed the body 
move ; he became terror stricken, and fled, leaving his lantern and 
also the ring behind him. The lady soon recovered sufficiently 
to get out of her coffin, and moved away from the place of her 
interment. She regained her health, and had a son five years 
after this singular event. 

The following contribution on Cotehele, is from the pen of 
Mr. E. L. Vosper, formerly of St. Doniinick, but now of 
Vancouver, B.C., and who wrote many of the articles and tales 



86 venning's historical notices. 

published in the last issue of this Directory, and before he left 
was a tenant of the Rt. Honble. the Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, 
and a frequent visitor to this deeply interesting and antiquated 
mansion. The article may be relied on as thoroughly authentic, 
having been submitted to his lordship for approval before 
it was published. 

Eor much of the information contained in the following Article, 
I am indebted to a Speech delivered by the Earl of Mount 
Edgcumbe, to the members of the Eoyal Archaeological Society, 
at Cotehele, on August 14th, 1876 ; and to the kindness and 
courtesy of Mr. and Mrs. Coulter, who, for several years, have 
been in charge of the premises. 

Cotehele — Coet-hayle- — signifying " the wood on the river," 
first came into the possession of the Edgcumbe family by the 
marriage, in 1353, of Hilaria de Cotehele, daughter of William 
and sister and heiress of Ralph de Cotehele, with William of 
Edgcumbe, second son of Richard of Edgcumbe near End- 
sleigh, in the parish of Milton Abbot, which place with a 
small house containing some indications of antiquity, is still 
the property of the representative of the elder branch of the 
family. 

References to this marriage were found a few years ago at 
Mount Edgcumbe, in the minutes of the Duchy Council at the 
time of the Black Prince ; and it is a curious fact that neither 
the house at Milton Abbot nor Cotehele has changed liands from 
that day to this. In 1468, Richard Edgcumbe was the owner 
of Cotehele and M.P. for Tavistock. Those were troublous 
times. Edward IV. was on the throne, and the wars between 
the rival Houses of York and Lancaster were raging furiously ; 
petty spite and covetousness were expressed in lawless 
actions, as the following account, copied from the report of his 
lordship's speech above referred to, will show : — " I have a rather 
amusing document, dated 1470, apparently the rough copy of a 
complaint or information by this Richard against Robert Wil- 
loughby, who lived across tlie water at Beer Ferrers, of injuries 
done to him at sundry times. This paper, which is remarkable 
for its wonderful spelling and for the careful way in which every 
hostile act is estimated at its money value, contains no less than 
thirteen items or charges, each specifying some distinct outrage 
on the part of the said Willoughby and his followers, numbering 
on one occasion ' three score persons, in form of war arraied, 
with jackes, safeties, bowys, arws, and Byelys, who at various 
times and places contrewayted the said Richard to have 



CALSTOCK. 87 



mordered him, and with force of armes made a great affray and 
assawte upon him and his sei'vants, sometimes to the gret 
jeperdy and despayre of his hff,' always to his hurt and damage 
of so many pounds. And on another occasion attacked 
Cotehele House itself and carried o& a very miscellaneous 
collection of articles to the hurt and damage of the said Eichard 
of a great many pounds ; and at other times took divers of 
his servants and kept them for a week at a time in prison at 
' Bere Ferrers,' and 'bete' and grievously wounded others, 
especially one William Frost, to the hurt and damage to the 
said Eichard of £20 and more. It is a curious fact that fifteen 
years later this Willoughby (as Lord de Broke) and Eichard 
Edgcumbe held high places together in the court of Henry VIII., 
and 300 years later the estates of Willoughby having passed 
into the possesion of Lord Buckinghamshire, came to my 
grandfather on his marriage with Lady Sophia Hobart." 

About this time rapid changes took place in the government 
of the country : Edward IV. died a comparatively young man ; 
Edward V. was murdered, and Eichard III. waded to the throne 
hrough streams of blood, and it was said — 

'• The rat, the cat, and Lovell. the dog, 
Rule all England under the hog." 

Englishmen objected to such a quadruple — or if you please, 
quadruped form of government, and Sir Eichard Edgcumbe 
joined in the effort made by the Duke of Buckingham to over- 
throw it. Buckingham was defeated, and Sir Eichard was 
pursued into Cotehele woods by a party headed, according to 
tradition, by Henry Trenowth, of Bodrigan. Sir Eichard 
according to Carew, put a stone in his hat and threw it over 
the cliff into the river, while he hid under the cliff; his pursuers 
hearing the splash and seeing the hat float off, concluded that he 
was drowned, and gave up the pursuit; l)ut Sir Eichard acting 
on the principle that 

■■ He who fights and runs away 
May light and win some other day," 

got off to Brittany and joineil the Earl of Eichmond. He came 
back in 1485 to assist in tho overthrow of Eichard III at the 
battle of Bosworth, and the placing of Eichmond on tlie throne 
as Henry VIII. He built a ciiapel wiiicli is still standing on the 
clitf to conunemorate his escape. The estates of his old 
enemy Trenowth of Bodrigan were a part of his reward. 
Bodrigan is said to have escaped from him by a similar device — 



88 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



jumping over the Dodman's Head at a place still known as 
Bodrigan's Leap. It was probably after the acquisition of the 

Bodrigan estates 

that Sir Eichard set 
about renovating 
Cotehele House, the 
superior quality of 
the materials and 
the workmanship in- 
dicating when he 
began. On ap- 
proaching the house 
from the south you 
are confronted with 
an imposing castel- 
latedgateway, guard- 
ed by a strong oaken 
door with a small 
wicket on the right 
as you enter on what 




COTEHELE — SOUTH ENTRANCE. 



was formerly the prison. The pebbled pathway is here stained 
with ominous-looking spots, said to be the blood of a porter killed 
by Sir Richard upon a strong suspicion of treachery on a peculiarly 
critical occasion. Here we enter a spacious quadrangle : on the 
right is a part of the ancient building, restored to its original form 
and elegance by the present Earl about 37 years since. On the left 
are buildings formerly occupied by the retainers and servants of the 
family. In front is the great hall, measuring 42 feet by 22 feet, 
having a stained glass window with the arms of the family. At 
the western end stands a figure clad in mediaeval armour, 
locally known as " Jimmy Treais," from a worthy of that name 
on one occasion flying in headlong haste from the building, 
terrified at its life-like appearance ; underneath this figure is 
an immense Norman two-handed sword, six feet long ; and on 
either side are suits of armour which may have done duty at 
Cressy and Bannockbuvn. At the eastern end are two immense 
pieces of whalebone, each nine feet in length, surmounted by 
cuirasses and helmets of the Stuart's times, and which are 
suggestive of Stratton Hill and Naseby. Here are also two 
Irish trumpets and a shield, probably brought from Ireland by 
the Sir Richard Edgcumbe above referred to. The walls are 
hung all around with ancient guns and swords, pikes and 
halberds, cross-bows, &c., belonging to various ages and nations, 
and collected by membei-s of the Mount Edgcumbe family. The 
Chapel may be described as a church in miniature, with a 



CALSTOCK. 



89 



•chancel and communion-table, in the chapel there is a tablet 

inscribed as follows : — 

'' To the memory of Caroline AiKjtistu. Coantesti of Mount FAhjcumbc. irho 
lived here during the 20 t/ears of her iridowhood, beloved by all, and died 
November 2nd, ISSl," 

There is here also a stained-glass window representing the 
crucifixion ; a granite font of Saxon times ; a clock said 
to be the oldest in Cornwall ; while near the pulpit is a small 
apartment called " The Leper's Room," where those afflicted 
with that loathsome disease could sit and hear without coming 
into contact with the congregation. 

To give a minute description of Cotehele House, which an 
eminent antiquary has described as " a museum of surpassing 
interest," would occupy much more time than is at my disposal. 
The walls of the different apartments are hung with tapestry 
representing classical scenes, conspicuous being " The finding 
of Romulus and Remus," " The building of Rome," and " The 
Death of Romulus" ; " The Procession of the Bacchidai," and 
■" Bacchus pursued by the Satyr." 

" These are ancient ethnic revels, 
O f a creed long since forsaken ; 
Now the satyrs, changed to devils, 
Frighten mortals wine o'ertaken." 

The rooms are filled with ancient bedsteads, chairs and 
cabinets ; books showing some early specimens of printing, and 
a very ancient steel mirror. In one room is shown a Saxon 
stirrup cup and a leather ale pitcher, which might have 
refreshed tliat very moderate drinker Sir John Falstaff, when 
he " fought a long hour by Shrewsbury clock." 

It is with reluctance we leave the interior of the building in 
•order to view the surroundings. 

From the head of a field above the house there is a splendid 
view. On the extreme right is Kingston Down, wlieiice in the 
early part of the Fifth Century Hengist and Horsa looked down 
on the valley of the Tamar, and on the part of Britain which 
they were destined not to conquer. Here four centuries later 
(835) Egbert defeated a combined army of Danes and Cornish- 
men — Dane's-coom or Danescoom, according to tradition, 
running red with the blood of the slain. At the junction of 
two valleys is an old British camp, at Berry, from the Saxon 
word " Byrig," a fortified hill. Many acres of woods have here 
been brought into cultivation recently, being a testimony to Cornish 



90 



VENNING S HISTOKICAL NOTICES. 



industry and enterprise. At our feet runs the Tamar, and 
down the valley is an extent of salt marsh reclaimed within 
the past few years, enclosed by an embankment half-a-mile in 
length and nine feet in perpendicular height, drained by over 
100,000 drain pipes emptying into sluices. The land, formerly 
a quagmire, is now converted into rich meadows and garden 
ground. Here may be seen a specimen of the much-vaunted 
fodder plant, the Prickly Comfrey, described as a perpetual 
fodder plant, but emphatically denounced by the farmer who- 
has tried it as " a perpetual nuisance ;" for his cattle refuse to 
eat it, and he finds it impossible to get rid of it as, like the 
ancient Hydra, every head crushed sends up seven or more. 
N.B. — Wanted here, Hercules the II. Behind us is an ancient 
tower, evidently a landmark ; from here can be seen Mount 
Edgcumbe and Plymouth Sound ; and here may have assembled 
the Cotehele household, on the night of the memorable 19th of 
July, 1588, when the Spanish Armada was sighted off Plymouth,, 
and the scene occurred which is so graphically described by 
Macaulay : — 

'• Forthwith a guard at every gun was placed along the wall ; 
The beacon blazed upon the roof of Edgcumb's lofty hall ; 
Many a light fishing-bark put out to pry along the coast. 
And with loose rein and bloody spur rode inland raanj' a post. 
Night sank upon the dusky beach and on the purple sea. 
Such night in England ne'er had been, nor e'er again shall be." 

It is said that King Philip promised Mount Edgcumbe to the 
Duke of Medina Sidonia " tchen England should be conquered.'^ 
A cookery book has been published since King Philip's time,, 
which enjoins catcliing as an important preliminary to cooking 
the hare : King Philip did not catch his hare, so the noble duke 
was spared the trouble of cooking. 

There are few neighbourhoods that can boast such a combina- 
tion of beautiful and romantic scenery, ancient history, and 
modern enterprise and industry as this, and the noble owner 
can truly say with the Psalmist : " The lines are fallen unto me 
in pleasant places ; yea, I have a goodly heritage." 

Harewood House, ones the seat of Sir William 
HARE WOOD. Lewis Salusbury-Trelawny, Bart., and now 

unoccupied, is half-a-mile east from Calstock,. 
and stands on one of the most delightful sites on the banks of 
the Tamar. It is regretted that this old mansion is fast falling 
to decay, and is now almost in ruins. The following story in 
connection with this historic place respecting Edgar and Elfrida^ 



CALSTOCK. 91 



which we published in our last issue, in 1887, is too good to be 
omitted. 

Orgar, Earl of Devon, founded the Abbey of Tavistock, and 
richly endowed it. His son Ordulph was of gigantic stature 
and strength ; he possessed a courage not inferior to his extra- 
ordinary physical powers. His thigh-bone, still presei'ved in 
Tavistock Church, measures 21 inches long by 5^ inches in 
circumference. 

Elfrida, daughter of Orgar, was famous for her charms and 
dazzling beauty. King Edgar had a passionate admiration for 
beauty ; unwilling to credit common fame he sent Earl Ethel- 
wold, his favourite prince, to see and inform him if Elfrida was 
indeed that incomparable woman fame described. In selecting 
pjthelwold he showed how he believed in his taste, judgment,, 
discretion and faithfulness ; but the mission itself proved the 
King was in quest of beauty before higher characteristics. If 
beauty be only skin deep, it is deep enough for all practical 
purposes, but ought not be weighed in the balance against 
the beauty of the soul. Ethelwold arrived at the Earl's palace, 
situated near Tavistock. He, no doubt, set o& with every 
intention of honestly executing his charge, and offering in the 
King's name to make her consort and queen ; but impassioned 
love proved stronger than the King's command, or claims of 
loyalty, or ties of friendship. The poet writes : 

" Friendship is constant in all other things 
Save in the office and affairs of love. 
Therefore, all hearts in love use their own tongues ; 
Let every eye negotiate for itself, 
And trust no agent ; for beauty is a witch 
Against whose charms faith melteth into blood." 

Edgar had yet to learn this lesson, and Shake- 
EDQAR AND speare was not then born to teach it. Elfrida, 
ELFRIDA. living amidst the shadowy groves and retire- 
ment of Devon, had not known the temptations 
which, in after years rousing in her bosom the passions of pride^ 
self-will and ambition, led her step by step to the commission of 
those foul crimes that, hbwever much her outward form might re- 
semble a spirit of light, cast over her soul a darkness which ren- 
dered it fit for those regions whei'e hope never enters. When Ethel- 
wold beheld her she seemed as amiable and virtuous as she was 
beautiful. He came, he saw, and was conquered by her bewitching 
fairness. Lost to every other consideration he yielded himself 
a captive to her charms. He demanded her hand, not for Edgar^ 



92 venning's historical notices. 

but for himself ; the favourite of a King was not likely to find 
a refusal ; the Earl consented, and the nuptials were performed in 
private. Despairing of obtaining the King's sanqtion to the mar- 
riage by honest means, he had recourse to ai-tifice. On his return 
to court he told the King her riches and her high qualities alone 
had been the cause of her admiration, and he appeared annoyed 
that the world could talk so much and so unjustly of her charms. 
The King was satisfied and no loi]ger felt any curiosity, while 
Ethelwold secretly triumphed in his address. When he had 
by this deceit weaned the King from his purpose, he took an 
opportunity, after some time, of turning the conversation on 
Elfrida, representing that though the fortune was nothing for a 
king, it was a great boon to a needy subject ; he, therefore, 
humbly entreated permission to pay his addresses to her, as she 
was the richest heiress in the kingdom. A request so seemingly 
reasonable was readily complied with. Ethelwold returned to 
his wife, and their nuptials were solemnized in public. His 
greatest care was employed in keeping her from court, and he 
took every precaution to prevent her appearing befoi'e a king so 
susceptible of love, whilst she was so capable of inspiring that 
passion. But it was impossible to keep his treachery long 
concealed : it is easier to make a dark lantern than to 
eclipse the sun. Favourites are never without private enemies 
— small men who want to rise by another's fall. Edgar was 
soon informed of the whole transaction, but dissembling his 
resentment he took occasion to visit Devonshire in order to see 
this miracle of beauty, making Ethelwold accompany him. 
Upon coming near the lady's habitation tlie King told the 
husband he had a great curiosity to see his wife, of whom he 
had heard so much, and desired t© form her acquaintance. 
Ethelwold, thunderstruck at the proposal, did all in his power, 
but in vain, to dissuade him. All he could obtain was permis- 
sion to go on before on pretence of preparing for the King's 
reception. On his arrival he knelt at his wife's feet confessing 
what he had done to be possessed of her charms, and conjuring 
her to conceal, as much as possible, her beauty from the King, 
who was but too susceptible of its power. Elfrida, little obliged 
to him for a passion that had deprived her of a crown, promised, 
as a true wife, compliance ; but prompted either by vanity or 
revenge, adorned her person with the most exquisite art, and 
called up all her beauty, and marshalled all her charms for the 
occasion. The event answered her expectations ; the King no 
sooner saw than he loved her, and was instantly resolved to 
obtain her. The better to effect his intention he concealed his 
passion from the husband, and took leave with a seeming 



CALSTOCK. 93 



indifference ; but his revenge was not the less certain and fatal. 
On the following morning, while they were hunting at 
Harewood, he watched an opportunity and slew him, and he 
was found slain with an arrow. William, of Malmesbury, 
says that Ethel wold was slain at Hare wood, in Dorsetshire ; 
but some antiquarians determining to keep as close as possible 
to Devon, placed the scene at Hare wood on the opposite side of 
the Tamar. It is scai'cely probable that the King would go 
as far as Dorchester before he displayed his hot resentment. 
Mrs. Bray thinks it is improbable that the King and courtiers 
should pass over a river so broad and deep as the Tamar ; 
but she seems to have overlooked the fact that the Tamar 
is not always deep ; for it is tidal, and at Harewood it is com- 
paratively narrow Be this as it may, Harewood has marks of 
antiquity ; the old part of the mansion must have seen the I'oll 
of many centuries, for despite its solid mode of building, many 
years since it had to be taken down. Roots of trees of great 
age may still be found. Its position is very imposing, and, as we 
look at the well-wooded heights around, it requires but little 
imagination to realize that it was once the centre of a vast 
expanse of wood and forest. Elfrida was soon after comforted 
in her widowhood by becoming Queen. 

The supposed burial of Orgar, the father of Elfrida, in the 
Church of St. Stephens-by-Saltash, which is stated by Carew, 
strengthens the statement that the scene of the story of Edgar 
and Elfrida, occurred at Harewood, on the Cornish side of the 
banks of the Tamar, as being very probably near the residence 
of Orgar. 

Turner, the famous artist — whose painting 
QUNNISLAKE. "Crossing the Brook," which refers to the 

Tamar, at New Bridge. Gunnislake, and is 
hung up in the National Gallery — when visiting an artist friend 
at Plymouth, according to his custom, explored the loveliest 
spots around. The banks of the Tamar were far too famous to 
be neglected, and above every other part the neigbourhood of 
Gunnislake seemed to have fired his imagination. Here nature 
triumphs in beauty so striking, that even the deforming hand of 
man has not spoilt it. Gunnislake seems to have grown up 
rapidly without any well-defined plan ; with no architectural 
pretensions it seems to have been designed in a nightmare, built 
in a whirlwind, and is capable of being made orderly only by a 
succession of rythmic earthquakes. The majestic and withal 
graceful New Bridge is the one pleasing exception : this truly 



94 



venning's historical notices. 




GUNNISLAKE. 



adorns nature. The scenery around must have been as attractive 
to Turner as the plains of Heaven; to him the whole atmosphere 
would seem to be full of the glancing wings of admiring angels. 
His famous painting, groups and combines some of the most 
striking and romantic bits of wood-like beauty which this neigh- 
bourhood contains. The scene of the painting cannot actually 
be realized from any one standpoint, but consists of several 
•combinations dovetailed together with the artist's surpassing 
genius. 

The foreground represents a picturesque bit of the Tamar 
several hundred yards beyond New Bridge, on the road to the 
Devon Great Consols : on the one side under an overhanging 
rock, several female figures are gracefully posed ; on the other 
side another female is preparing to cross on the boulder stones 
standing above the shallow river bed. The graceful arches of 
New Bridge are painted with great minuteness and faithfulness : 
the mill, now transformed into cottages, is depicted even to the 
broken windows ; the Morwell Rocks, the meandering river, the 
Calstock Church with the picturesque valley intervening cannot 
be mistaken. 

In ascending Sand Hill the great artist was struck with the 
■wondrous panorama of the meandering Tamar, wooded hill, and 



CALSTOCK. 



95 



distant sea view. This afforded him a scope for the display of 
his all-excelling power of aerial perspective ; hence he throws it 
in with its bewitching beauty to crown the whole, and thus com- 
pletes a scene lovelier lar than Martin's famous " Plains of 
Heaven." 



^ ,.^,4.-,-,-^* «.«e**i«i*^^i 




Photo by] GUNNisi.AKK \vksm;van chai'i:!, — intkkiok. [Uayris,(,)ut'tJuock. 



This spacious building which will hold nearly 1000 people, 
was built in the year 1856, and is by far the largest in the 
Circuit. We give in our pages a complete list of the Ministers 
who have travelled here from 1809, when it was connected with 
Tavistock, but no record is preserved of how Methodism was 
introduced into this parish, beyond this — that Albaston was the 
first preaching place and where the tirst Methodist Chapel was 
erected. The cost of this Chapel, with Vestries attached, was 
about £1200. In 1887 a new and very commodious Schoolroom 
was erected, with Classrooms over, at a cost of about £600. 
This Schoolroom, being the largest in the town, is now used for 
public and social gatherings. The Sunday School was estab- 
lished in 1815. 



96 



VENNING S HISTOKICAL NOTICKS. 




Photo by] (JUNNisLAKK lui'.i.r, ciik-isiian chapkl. [Harrix, (Juethiock. 




V'Eli: IIF.AD AN'l) MoliWK.LL ROCKS. 



ST. DOMINICK. 



97 



As the old Bible Christian Chapel, at Gunnislake, was 
rendered dangerous by the mining operations of the locality, 
a new one was built during the pastorate of the late Rev. 
W. Clarke, in 1863. The seating capacity of the Chapel is 
about 600. The outlay was considerable, and part of the labour 
was given. The builder was Mr. Knight. The debt is now 
reduced to £100. The outlook is encouraging. The Sunday 
School, which is held in the Schoolroom below the Chapel, is 
in a flourishing condition. 



ST. DOMINICK. 

This parish, according to Hals, derives its name from 

PATRON St. Dominick, of Spain, who flourished in 1215, and 

SAINT. was its patron saint, but Tonkin affirms it has for its 

patroness a female saint, and he says, " in the Taxa- 
tion Beneficiarum, A.D. 1291, it is called ' Ecclesia Sanctae 
Dominic*.' " 




Fhi>(o by] 



ST. DO.MINRK Clinuil. 



Harris, Quethiock. 



98 venning's historical notices. 

The Church was dedicated to St. Dominica, 
THE CHURCH. October 19th, 1259, by Bishop Bronescombe, 

but no portion of the Church then dedicated 
now remains except parts of the tower. The Church was 
restored and reseated by the late Rector in 1873, at a cost of 
about £1000, and consists of a chancel, nave, north and south 
aisles, with porch. The south arcade has four semi-circular or 
obtuse arches and one pointed ; the north has five four-centred 
pointed arches ; the material is granite, and the pillars are 
chiefly monolith. In the chancel is a trefoiled piscina. The font 
is octagonal and the material granite, and evidently of Norman 
character ; the rood stairs are in the north wall ; the tower arch 
is plain and pointed ; the entrances are a north door, a priest's 
door, and a south porch, the last having remains of a stoup. 
The tower, which is buttressed at the angles, is of three stages ; 
the third stage projects twelve inches on every side and rests on 
a corbelled table ; this arrangement gives a larger bell chamber. 
Below the embattled parapet are rude figures of the Apostles, 
and the pinnacles have curious floriated tops. The tower con- 
tains six bells. The register dates from the year 1611. 

At the east end of the south aisle in the 

MONUMENTS Church there is a large altar tomb, on 

AND EPITAPHS, which are eSigies of Sir Anthony Rous and 

Ambrose his son ; over the tomb was 
formerly a richly-ornamented canopy supported by twelve pillars, 
but it has been removed ; on the cornice are various armorial 
bearings, dated 1659, with the following inscription : — 

" Here lies the Right Wor. Ambrose Rouft, Sonne and Heyre of Sir 
Anthony Rnua, Knight, icho maryed with Afaiidlin the daughter of the Right 
Wor. Peter Osborne, Esq., by whom he had fifteen children." 

^^ In a vault underneath the Communion Table are deposited the Remains 
of the Revd. Thomas Horndon, A.M., formerly Fellow of Exeter College. 
Oxford, but for the last 48 years of his Life the truly Orthodox and 
exemplary Rector of this Parish ; he died at Bath on the Sth day oj 
January, ISOO ; aged 74. hi the sante Vault are interrd ivith him his 
eldest Daughter Elizabeth, loho died on the 13th of May. 1775 ; Aged 21. 
His youngest Daughter Ami. ivho died on the 6th of July, 1785 ; Aged 21 
also. And his third son John, who died on the 17th of October, 1761 ; 
Aged only 9 Months. His eldest Son Thomas then a Midshipman iti the 
service of His Majesty George the TIT., died at Boston, in America, on 
the 22nd of September, 1775 ; Aged 18 years." 

There is a monument inscribed as follows to the memory of 
Elizabeth Sharsell : — 

" My body sleeps in dust, my soule is gone before 
To rest 'with Christ ; (my. Text) ivhat can be icished for more f 



ST. DOMINICK. 99 



Yes that RE-UNION, {in lohichfinn hope, I dude,) 
When both shall meet hi hlisse refind and purifide. 
Farewell, Fareicell, raine World, and all that thee adore ,• 
The Eyes have seen me heere, shall see my face nc more.'' 

This stone was originally in the Church, but has since been 
removed outside. 

Also on a stone erected by William and Rebekah Couch are 
the following lines : — 

'^ Loe here in earth onr bodys lies 
Whose sin/id Lifes deferred the Rod ; 
Yet ire b/liere the same shall rise. 
And praise the Mercies of our (lod. 
As for onr Souls let none take Thought, 
They are with him that has them bought ; 
For God on us doth Mercy take 
For nothing else but ,/esus Sake." 

In the Churchyard I observed several quaint epitapths. One 
in memory of Thomas Brent, whose friends were refused the 
right of interment in the Church with his ancestors, was as 
follows : — 

■' Sacred to the memory of Thomas Brent, of this parish, u-ho departed this 
life the 19th day of June, 1809, aged oS years. The remains if his ancestors 
rest in the adjoining Church, and although nothing in /lis conduct merited the 
objection made against liix being interred there (dxo, yet he teas denied that 
privilege. 

Fareicell vain icorld I know enough of thee, 
And now am careless irhat thou sayst of me, 
Thy smiles I cmcrt not, nor thy frowns [fear. 
Ml/ carra are jjast. my head lies quiet here ; 
What faults thou knoirst in me take care to shun 
And look at home — enmigh there's to be done." 

Also, on a headstone and a tombstone to one grave is the 
following : — i 

"Here lyeth the body of Richard Hoskin. if this parish, who departed this 
present life the 2()lh day (f December, 1737, and in the 63rd year of his age. 

Pray look on this you that pass by. 
As you are now, so once was I, 
As I am now, so must you be. 
Therefore prepare to follow me." 

About 50 years later, the son of the above was buried in the 
same grave with this inscription on his tomb : — 

" 7?i memory of Richard, the xon of Richard Iloskin (who was here before 
huried), who died the 0th of December, A.D. 1783, aged 78 years. 

To you my Father, lam come 
To lie my bones beside your bone. 



100 



VENNING S HISTOEICAL NOTICES. 



We did (Kjtre in mortal life. 

A)td here (I'm i^ure) can be )iii strife. 

My wife doth lie on the rigid-side 

Not ever there for to abi(fe. 

But in the dust ire all shall lie 

Jn silencp, till the Jnd/jment Day.'' 

" Sacred to the memory of Mattlini:. son of Mattheic and Patience Smith, 
irho was by an accident drovmed in tlie River Tamar. on the 20th day of 
Ma.y. rS25. 

Consider irell both yonmj anil old, 

Who by my (jrare doth pass ; 
Death soon may come n-ith his keen scythe 
And cnt yon don-// lil.-r grass.'' 




fil'. DdMIMCK WKSI.KVAN CUAl'EL. 



Methodism was introduced into this village 
METHODISM, early in the last Century. Preaching ser- 
vices were held in a cottage at " Quarry," 
an out of the way hamlet. The parish was at that time included 
in the Liskeard Circuit. In the year 1828 a Chapel was built in 
the Halton Koad, but it was so badly constructed that it had to 
be held together by iron rods stretched across the interior. This 
Chapel remained in use until 1868, when the present one was- 



ST. DOMINICK. 



101 



opened. It seats 160, and cost £550, and was opened by the late 
Kevs. H. Holland and J. Brewster. It was on this occasion that 
the Rector's wife returning from a walk, met the Sexton wending 
his way in the direction of the Chapel, dressed in his church- 
going clothes. She accosted him with " Why, John ! Surely you 
are not going to the opening of the meeting-house? I should liave 
thought you would have been the last man in tlie parish." To 
which the Sexton replied, " So I be, ma'am. All the rest have 
gone a long time." Two years .after tiie present Schoolroom was 
built, to which has since been added a large infant classroom. 
Innnediately on its completion in 1870, the building was opened 
as a Day and Sunday School, and here the major part of the 
congregation were educated. From the first tlie Day School lias 
had a succession of well-qualified and devoted teachers, whom 
the friends have known how to appreciate, and have succeeded so 
well in retaining their services, that during 30 years only four 
have had charge of the School. Tlie efficiency of the teaching 
given has resulted in the establishment and maintenance of the 
best attended School in the parish. A few years since the Chapel 
was licensed for the solemnization of marriages. 




Photo hi/] iiiisij': ciiKisiiAN cii.vrKi.. sr. hdmink k. ^Ilnn-i.-i. (juriliiiicl:. 



102 venning's histokical notices. 



BIBLE The Memorial Stones of this commodious 

CHRISTIANS. Chapel were laid in 1895, and it was opened in 
1896, when the Rev. E. A. Coome was Pastor, 
costing over £500. The seats are of pitchpine, and the interior 
is very pleasing, the rostrum being white, with gilt bordering. 
It will seat 200 people. There is here a good Sunday School 
and a vigorous Band of Hope. The society and congregation 
are doing well together. The old Chapel, which is now used as 
a Schoolroom, was built over 50 years ago. 

The most noted place of antiquity in this parish 

MANOR OF is the Manor of Halton, or as it is called in 

HALTON. Domesday Book, Haltone, which signifies either 

a town notable for a hall or a moortown. This 
place gave name to an old family of gentlemen surnamed De 
Halton, who flourished here from the Norman Conquest to the 
reign of Edward II. ; from then until 1351 the manor belonged 
to the family of Inkpens. In 1390 it was in the family of 
Fichet ; afterwards it appears to have been possessed by the 
family of Hi wis or Hiwish, in whose favour the Bishop of 
Exeter licensed a chapel here in 1375, dedicated to St. Ildnictus. 
There are no remams of tliis chapel, but the site on which it was 
built is called Chapel Farm, on which still exists a Holy Well 
with granite arches. 

In the Sixteenth Century Halton became vested in the family 
of EouS; of Edmerston, in Devon. Francis, son of Sir Anthony 
Eous, was born at Halton in 1579 ; at twelve years of age he 
took the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and was elected in the 
Liberal interest, M.P. for Truro, in 1625 ; he showed himself to 
be a great enemy to the Bishops, and was afterwards chosen 
provost of Eton College. He was a distinguished character in 
Cromwell's time ; was elected the Speaker of the Little Paiiia- 
ment in 1653 ; in the same year he was made one of Cromwell's 
council and the chief examiner of preachers ; and in the follow- 
ing year was appointed a commissioner for Cornwall, for ejecting 
scandalous ministers and ignorant schoolmasters. He was after- 
w-ards a member of the upper house, and was styled by the loyal 
party " The old illiterate Jew of Eton." He resided at Wotton, 
in Landrake, and died in 1659 at Acton, near London, in the 
lifetime of Cromwell, who honoured him with a magnificent 
funeral. He was buried in the Church of Eton College. 

The Manor of Halton came not many years afterwards to the 
family of Clarke, and was carried in marriage to the family of 
Bluett. It is now the property of William Cory ton, Esq. The 



ST. GERMANS. 



103 



mansion has been converted into a farm-house, and little of its 
antiquity remains except the porch windows in granite, the hall, 
and a portion of the walls, which are from four to five feet in 
thickness. 



ST. GERMANS. 



This parish takes its name from St. Ger- 
manus, its patron saint, who was born 
about A.D, 380, of a noble family. He 
was made Bishop of Auxerre in 418, and 
was sent to Britain to oppose the Pelagians 

in 429, again in 446, and died in 448 ; but there is no authentic 

record of his having visited Cornwall. 



PATRON SAINT, 

BISHOPRIC, 

AND PRIORY. 




Photo by] ST. (iKRMANs' CHURCH AND I'oKi' KLioT. [Frith & Co., Reigate. 



The Priory was founded as early as the Ninth Century, and 
continued with various changes till the time of Henry VIII., 



104 



VENNING S HISTOBICAL NOTICES. 



by whom the Priory Lands in this parish were granted to 
Eichard Champernowne, from whose family they soon after- 
wards passed to the Ehots, ancestors to the present Earl of St. 
Germans ; whose house, called Port Eliot, stands on the site of 
the Priory, and still contains a few rooms belonging to it. 

The Church is probably the oldest as well 
THE CHURCH, as the most interesting and picturesque in 

the County. It is noted for its antiquities, 
and dates from 1261, and stands upon the same ground as the old 
cathedral of Cornwall, for St. Germans during a part of the Anglo- 
Saxon Episcopate of Cornwall, was the residence of the Bishop. 

The west front of the Church is of noble Norman architec- 
ture, consisting of a deeply-recessed and richly-carved porch, 
flanked by two towers, as will be seen by the illustration. The 
western part of the nave is also of late Norman architecture, 
dating probably from the end of the Twelfth Century. Of the 
large south aisle, the eastern portion belongs to the Eourteenth, 
and the western to the Fifteenth Century. A north aisle and a large 
chancel, known formerly to have existed, have now perished. 




NORM.AN roKCH. ST. fJERMANS ( liri!( II. 



ST. GEKMANS. 105 



The Church was restored in 1893, at a cost of £6,000, from 
■designs prepared by Mr. Pier St. Aubyn, architect. 

Mr. H. Hems designed the choir stalls and parclose screens at 
the same time. 

On four ot the bench ends are beautifully carved figures, with 
the words : — " S. Germanus was a great hunter, and wild beasts 
had no chance when within reach of his club." 

" At Eavenna, A.D. 448, The Ass of S. Germanus died. 
Legend records he immediately restored it to life." 

" A.D. 448, King Edgaric would have destroyed the Bretons, 
S. Germanus met and seized him and turned him back." 

"In return for a silver salver from the Empress Placida, S. 
Germanus sends her a wooden platter and barley loaf." 

Amongst the many monuments and inscriptions on tablets, 
■&C., in the Church are the following : — 

A fine Brass Eagle Lectern was erected in 1893, presented by 
Alfred Burton, M.D. 

There are five small ornamental windows over the entrance 
of the Norman Porch, dedicated to the memory of Edward 
John Cornwallis, Lord Eliot, who was born in 1827, and died in 
1864. Three of the windows are the gift of Alfred Burton in 1889. 

There is a very large and magnificent ornamental East Window, 
with figures of the different saints, erected m 1896, designed by 
Sir Edward Burne Jones, and executed by William Morris, 
at a cost of £600. This was also presented by Mr. Alfred 
Burton. 

There is a memorial window erected to the memory of 
Harriet, widow of John, Earl of St. Germans, who was born in 
1790, and died in 1877. 

Three splendid cathedral glass windows, have just been 
•erected on the right hand side of the Church on entering the 
Norman Porch. 

"The Parish Cliurch," -says Carew, " answereth in bignesse 
the large proportion of the parish, & the surplusage of the 
Priory; a great part of whose chauncell, anno 1592, fel suddenly 
•downe, vpon a Friday, very shortly after public seruice vvas 



106 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



ended, which heuenly fauour, of so little respite, saued many 
persons Hues, with whom immediately before it had bene stuffed : 
and the deuout cliarges of the well disposed parishioners quickly 
repay red this ruine." 




MODERN T(nVF,R OF ST. GKKMANS CHURCH. 



The two Towers were repaired in 1888, when 
THE TOWERS, the pretty ivy mantle which clung around 

the southern tower had to be removed. In 
the north tower, three bells belonging to the Priory were hung. 
While the preparations for the restoration of the Church were 
being made, the remains of two clerestory windows with orna- 
mental worl^ were discovered. 

The principal part of the restoration in 1893, consisted in 
raising and levelling the portion of the roof between the towers, 
and the raising of the roofs of the nave and the south aisles. 

In the Church is still preserved a very 

MISERERE CHAIR curious old wooden "miserere" stall or 

AND SEAT. chair, which is two feet eleven inches in 

height. It was discovered in the year 
1866 without a seat, but after a diligent search it was found, on 



ST. GERMANS. 107 



examination, tliat a piece of the carved wood of the belfry fitted 
exactly into it, and turned upon its pivots, so as to adapt it 
either for a sitting or a kneeling rest, which together constituted 
a " Miserere " chair; the length of the seat is one foot eight 
inches, Mr. J. T. Blight, in his " Ancient Crosses and Antiq- 
uities of Cornwall," says : " In all likelihood it was a penitential 
sedile, with a graven record of the conniiitted and repented sm." 

The imagery — which goes by the name of 

*' DANDO AND " Dan do and his Dogs," — on this seat is a 

HIS DOQS." hunter, with game slung over his shoulder on 

the stock of a cross-bow, preceded and 
followed by his hounds. In connection with this seat there is a 
very popular local legend : — 

Dando was a priest connected with the old Priory church of 
this parish, whose life was not consistent with his vows — it was the 
"jolly friar." He ate and drank of the best that land could 
give or money could buy; but notwithstanding his indulgences 
and vices, Dando was a man liked by the people. He was a 
capital huntsman, and scoured the country far and near in 
pursuit of game, and in his chase paid no regard to any kind of 
property: corn fields were trampled down, and cottage gardens 
destroyed by the horses and dogs which this hunter would lead 
over them. At length he gave himself up to wine and sensual 
indulgences — his days were devoted to the pursuits of the field, 
and, to maintain the required excitement, ardent drinks were 
supplied him by his wicked companions. It mattered not ta 
him, when the scent was on the ground, for even on the Sabbath, 
horses and hounds were ordered out One Sunday morning, 
Dando and his riotous rout 

" In hunting over the Fiarth estate 
Game was plenty, and sport first rate." 

Exhausted with a long run Dando called for a drink, but he had 
exhausted the flasks. " Drink, I say, give me drink" he cried. 
" Where can we get it? " asked one of the gang. " Go to h — 
for it if you cant get it on Earth" said the priest, witli a bitter 
laugh at liis own joke on the Earth estate. At this time a 
dashing hunter came forward and presented a flask to Dando, 
when he drank deep and rocked to and fro in a state of thorough 
intoxication, uttering most frightful oaths and curses, and 
seizing the game, exclaiming " they are all mine" — a struggle 
ensued between him and the hunter, and Dando fell from bis- 
horse and roared with rage. The hunter seized Dando by the 
collar, lifted him and placed him as a child before him on the 



108 venning's historical notices. 

horse, which dashed down the hill, and the dogs following 
■barking furiously, until they reached the banks of the Lynher, 
when, with a terrific leap, the horse and its rider, followed by 
the hounds, went out far.jnto its waters which flowed over 
■the doomed priest, and Dando was never more seen, and his 
fearful death was received as a warning by many who gave gifts 
■to the church. One amongst them carved this chair for the 
Bishop, and on it he represented " Dando and his Dogs," that 
•the memory of his wickedness might be always renewed. 

Those who doubt the truth of this tradition, may visit this 
Church, and see the chair, and view the story carved in 
■enduring oak. 

There is a costly and elaborate Monument of 

MONUMENTS, Edward Ehot, by Eysbraeck. The figure of 

&c. the deceased is represented in a Eoman habit, 

reclining upon a couch ; the right hand placed 
on his breast, the left grasping a sword. Near him is his wife, 
seated in a contemplative posture, with a book in her hand. 

"To the memory of Ehzabeth Glanvill. the faithful i*c affectionate 
wife, The Sincere >.V Bosom Friend, The Kind and Equall Partner in all 
•the Cares of her afflicted Husband. John Glanvill Esqr. She lived (as, 
much as in her Lay) with a Conscience void of Offence toward God and 
toward man ; and Died prai.sing God, Augst 28d., 1748. 

While faithful earth does thy cold Relicts keep 

And soft as was thy nature is thy Sleep 

Let here this Pious Marble fix'd above 

Witness the Husband's grief and Husband's love 

Grief that no roling years caii e'er efface 

And love that only with himself must cease 

And Let it bear for thee this Real Boast 

'Twas he who knew thee best that loved the Most." 

John Glanvill their only child, died Jany. 7, 1750-1 : in the 21st year of 
his age. 

" Here lies the body of Ann Relict of William Eliot, Esqre. By whom 
she had four Sons And Two Daughters. She departed this Life On the 
llth day of April, In the year ot our Lord 172b. Lamented by all that 
knew her. To her Virtuous and Pious memory This stone was Laid By 
her truely affectionate And Dutif uU Daughter in law Elizabeth Eliot." 

" Near this place are deposited the remains of John, first Earl of 
St. Germans, who was born on the 2Hth of September, 1761. and died on 
■the 17th November, 182.8. He married first, Caroline, onlj' daughter of 
the Right Honourable Charles Yorke. Lord High Chancellor of Great 
Britain. Secondly, Harriet, fourth daughter of the Right Honourable 
Reginald Pole-Carew ; but left no issue. To keep alive the memory of a 
■truly just and liberal man, whose heart teemed with kindness and 



ST. GERMANS. 



109 



benevolence, this stone is placed by her who most tenderly loved, and 
who is left, alas ! most deeply to lament his loss. 

Let patience sot)th. not cure the sacred grief ! 
Which prays not for oblivion but relief : 
Oblivion ! no — to life's extremest bourne 
All who have loved and lost thee, still shall mourn." 

'' In memory of Susan. Countess of St. (xermans. youngest daughter of 
Sir John Mordaunt, Bt. ; died at Fulford Park, February r)th. 1830 ; 
Interred at Shobrook. Devon. 12th of the same month." 

" Sacred to the memorj' of William second Earl of St. Germans : — 
Born April 1st. 17G7. died January U>th. 1845. Also to the memory of 
Georgiana Augusta, his first wife, fourth daughter of Granville, 1st 
Marquis of Stafford, K.G . Born April IJith, 17G9 ; died March 24th, 1806." 

" Sacred to the memory of the Honble. Granville Charles Cornwallis- 
Eliot, second son of Right Honble. the Earl of St. Germans, and Jemima 
his wife. Lieutenant and Captain of the Coldstream Regiment of Foot 
Guards, who fell while acting as Adjutant in the memorable battle 
of Inkermann on the 5th of November, 1854 ; aged 26. This tablet was 
erected by the Tenants of the St. Germans' Estate as a mark of their 
affectionate Regard and Esteem." 

" In memory of Susan, wife of Colonel, the Honourable Henry Lygon,. 
and daughter of William. Earl of St. Germans : died at Port Eliot January 
16th, 1835 ; aged 33 years. 

"Sacred to the memory of Rev. Thos. Penwarne, who died the 15tb 
June. 1822 ; aged 76. He was rector of Jacobstow, in this county, and 
vicar of this parish, where he died, nearly 50 years. By his own 
particular desire his remains were interred in tlie porch of this Church. 

This short memorial of him. from gi'atitude and respect, was erected 
by his next of kin and administrators. Sir William Elias Taunton and 
John Taunton, Esqr." 

A Brass Tablet is erected in the side Cliapel, 

ELIOT FAMILY with a list of the members of the Eliot 

TABLET. family who are buried near there, and by 

the courtesy of the Rev. W. Westmacott, 

Vicar, we are enabled to give a copy of the names with the date 

of the burial of each. 

Maria Eliot 

Jolm Eliot 

Riclid. Eliot ... 

Bridget Eliot ... 

Radigiind (wife of Sir John Eliot) 

Edward Eliot ... 

Honor Twife of John) ... 

.Tolni Eliot 

Richd. Eliot 

Catherine (wife of Daniel) 

.Tohn Eliot 



P^ebruary 18. 


1593 


Iiifai 


August 21), 


1603 


T 


.June 24. 


1609 




March 5. 


1617 




June 13. 


1628 




March 2'.t. 


1639 


21 


November 2'.l. 


1652 




March 25. 


1685 


73 


December 22. 


1685 


32 


December 20. 


1687 




September 26. 


l(;il3 





110 VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 






Daniel Eliot 


October 28, 


1702 


51 


Susan (1st wife of Edward) 


January 4, 


1713 




Edward Eliot ... 


September 2'.i. 


1722 




Elizabeth Eliot 


January 24. 


1723 


Infant 


Anne (widow of William) 


April 20, 


1723 




Elizabeth Trewbody 


August 31, 


1726 




John Eliot 


April 7, 


1735 




Hester Eliot 


April 21, 


1736 


2 


Augusta Eliot ... . 


November 27, 


1737 


Infant 


Elizabeth Trewbody 


September 8. 


1742 




James Eliot 


December 0,. 


1742 


24 


Ann Trewbody... 


April 19. 


1747 




Edw. James Eliot 


September \i>. 


1757 


Infant 


Elizabeth (widow of Edward) 


May 7. 


1765 


70 


Edward James Eliot 


Octobers, 


1797 


38 



Whose bodies are buried near this spot. 



Close by the above, is a small brass tablet inscribed : 

'■ In memory of Sir John Eliot. Kt., born April 20th, 1590, died 
November 27th, 1632. buried in the Tower of London." 

This is the famous Sir John Eliot, Patriot and Martyr, here- 
after referred to. 




PORT ELIOT, SEAT OF THE EARL OF ?^T. GERMANS. 



ST. GERMANS. Ill 



When the Monastery was suppressed in 

THE PRIORY AND 1535, Henry VIII. granted the Priory 

PORT ELIOT. site to John Champernowne and others. 

Carew's account of the manner in which 
this was done is curious and interesting : — 

" lohn Champernowne. sonne and lieire apparent to Sir Philip of 
Devon, in H. the .S. time, followed the Court, and through his pleasant 
conceits, of which much might be spoken, wan some good grace with the 
King. Now when the golden showre of the dissolued abbey lands rayned 
welnere into eury gapers mouth some 2. or ii. gentlemen, ttie king's 
seruants, and master Champernowne's acquaintance, waited at a doore 
where the King was to passe forth, with purpose to l)eg such a matter at 
his hands : Our gentleman became inquisitiue to know their suit ; they 
made strange to impart it. This while, out comes the King : th«y kneele 
down, so doth master Champernowne : they preferre their petition ; 
the King graunts it : they render humble thanks and so doth M. Champer- 
nowne : afterwards he requireth his share ; they deny it ; he appeals to 
the King : the King avoweth his equall meaning in the largesse ; where 
on the ouer-taken companions were fayne to allot him this Priory for his 
partage." 

{^In 1565 the Champernownes conveyed the Priory estate, then 
called Porth Prior, to Richard Eliot, Esq., of Coteland, 
in Devon, in exchange for that manor. Mr. Eliot greatly 
improved and embellished the old monastic buildings, and 
considerably beautified the adjoining grounds. He changed the 
name to Port Eliot ; and his descendants have made it their 
chief place of residence to the present day. 

Sir John Eliot, of whom Hallam says 

SIR JOHN ELIOT, that " he was the most illustrious con- 

PATRIOT AND fessor in the cause of liberty whom his 

MARTYR. time produced," was the son of Richard 

Eliot the above named. He was born at 
Port Eliot on the 20th April, 1590, and was educated at Oxford. 
Although he took no degree, his time was well employed. From 
the University he went to the Inns of Court, and soon after 
travelled. In his travels he met with young Villiers, and a 
friendship sprung up between them, though their paths soon 
became divergent. Through the influence of this friendship 
Eliot was appointed Vice- Admiral of Devon, and Kniglited. At 
the age of 21 he married Rhadagund, only child of Richard 
Gedie, of Trebursey, in South Petherwin. He seems first to have 
entered Parliament in 1614. 

In 1624 he sat for Newport, by Launceston, and his first 
speech was in aid of those parliamentary immunities and rights, 
of which to the last, he was a resolute defender. A new 



112 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



Parliament was summoned in 1626, and Eliot was sent to 
represent his native County in it. In the struggle which ensued 
between Buckingham and the Commons, Sir John Eliot took the 
foremost part, attacking the King's favourite with great boldness 
and resolution. With that speech especially, wherein he likened 
Buckingham to Sejanus, the king was very angry, exclaiming, 
" He must intend me for Tiberius." Eliot and Sir Dudley 
Digges were committed to the Tower. Not many days, however, 
elapsed, before the Commons compelled Charles to release Eliot. 
The wrath of the King and minister sought by various charges 
to ruin the patriot in his office of Vice-Admiral. 




i'i:i-;i' IN THi: i'ai!k at port kliot. 



Parliament was soon sent about its business, and royal 
proclamation was made for a forced loan. Eliot was among the 
many recusants in Cornwall who refused to lend, and was sent 
to the Gate House. To Charles's third Parliament, Eliot, who 
was at liberty, was returned, notwithstanding much unconstitu- 
tional opposition, having for his colleague Coryton. He was to 
its end most fearless in his reprehension of the unlawful levies 
and persevering in his strife with the rapacious and incapable 



ST. GERMANS. 113 



Buckingham. In ,1628, he suffered "a loss," to him "never 
before equalled," by the death of his wife. Soon after the 
dissolution of this Parliament, Eliot was with his colleague 
Coryton and others, sent to the Tower, where, except with the 
temporary change to the Marshalsea, he continued most of the 
time in close confinement until he died. His companions, with 
less enduring ardency than he, submitted and were released ; 
but Eliot was too firm in his principles to admit the legality of 
his imprisonment. The County of Cornwall petitioned for his 
relief without avail. He described his last abode thus : — " My 
lodgings are removed, and I am now where candle-light may be 
suffered but scarce fire ; I hope you will think that this exchange 
of places makes not a change of mind." Broken down, in body 
only, by confinement, care, and watching, he gradually sank 
from consumption. It was on the 27th of November, 1632, that 
the welcome tidings could be carried to Whitehall that Sir John 
Eliot was dead. The request of his son to have the body of his 
father for interment at St. Germans was refused, and so he was 
buried in the Tower. " No stone," says Foster, "marks the spot 
where he lies, but as long as Freedom remains in England, he 
will not be without a monument." 

Sir John's family received in 1646 a compensation of £5,000 
for his sufferings and noble conduct in opposing the illegality 
of the times. 

As far as can be gathered from the very scanty 

METHODIST records that are preserved of the early history 

HISTORY. of Methodism in the CaUington Circuit, St. 

Germans comes next to Frogwell in order of 
time ; but in point of interest the circumstances in connection 
with the introduction of Methodism into St. Germans are far 
more interesting and peculiar. Some of the incidents have been 
repeatedly given in books, newspapers and pamphlets. Although 
it is difficult to get at reliable data, yet as far as can be gleaned, 
Methodist preaching was commenced in a kitchen in the latter 
part of the Eighteenth Century, as the result of tlie visit of a 
woman who lived at St. Germans, whose name is withheld, 
and was converted by hearing Mr. Wesley preach when visiting 
Plymouth. She returned home and told her sister the glad 
news, and after much entreaty she also went and heard him for 
herself, and found the same healing balm. 

They afterwards went to Devonport to see Mr. Wesley again, 
to ask if they could have the preachers come to St. Germans ; 
but before they reached the house where he was, the courage of 



114 venning's historical notices. 

the elder sister failed ; the younger said she would go alone, and 
went. Mr. Wesley received her kindly, and promised to send 
the preachers once a week ; he was pleased with the account 
which she gave him of her conversion. 

At parting he gave her some good counsel and much encourage- 
ment, saying — " Go on, my sister, surely God will be with you." 
So she left, and did not forget, even to her old age this interview 
with Mr. Wesley. 

The preaching commenced in the kitchen of these two sisters, 
and it soon became full of attentive listeners. But very soon 
there was stirred up a strong party to oppose this " new religion," 
as it was called, and they expressed their determination to 
drive the preachers from the place. They began by annoying 
the people when assembled, in a variety of ways. Once they 
procured a large mastiff dog, which was usually kept chained in 
a nobleman's house. When let loose it was a terror to the 
people. The mob invited the servants from the great house to 
come with them, and have some fun with the Methodists. They 
all came just as the service had begun, and set the dog fiercely 
on the assembly. Most of them fled in terror, but a few had 
the courage to stay with the preacher. Strange to say, the poor 
animal, on entering the room, became subdued by something 
visible or invisible, for after walking round the room it went to 
an old woman and licked her hand. She exclaimed — " Look 
here, gentlemen, the Lord's able to shut the lion's mouth." 
Now, the mob, seeing they were defeated this time, went away 
cursing the dog and the people. The congregation, who were 
standing at a safe distance, returned, and the service was 
continued in peace. 

After some time two young men came to live in the neighbour- 
hood who were brothers, and one, who afterwards became the 
principal actor in introducing Methodism into St. Germans, was 
called Thomas Geake, and was a farmer and butcher. He was 
born in the parish of Lezant, August 5th, 1761, and removed to 
St. Germans with his parents, who occupied a tan-yard, as 
tenants to Edward Eliot, Esq., afterwards Lord Eliot. When 
he was about 11 years of age St. Germans was visited by the 
Methodist preachers, and he heard the Eev. Richard Rodda 
preach in the street. The other brother was called Richard Geake, 
a tanner, both being local preachers. They opened their house 
and hearts for the people of God. Regular worship was now 
established, and the large farm kitchen became too small to hold 
the worshippers. Mr. Geake, one of the local preachers spoken 



ST. GERMANS. 115 



of, had already gained favour with the Lord of Port Eliot by 
supplying liis house with the best beef and mutton, as well as 
by his upright dealing. Hitherto his lordship had winked at his 
Methodism, and respected his honest dealing instead, for Meth- 
odism had not gained much repute in high life yet, any more than 
in the lowest. 

However, Mr. Geake asked for a cottage to fit up as a place 
of worship for the Methodists. Consent was given, and it was 
soon transformed into a neat little Chapel with a pulpit, seats, 
and every accommodation for Divine worship. About this time 
the Society, which had depended upon Devonport for a supply of 
preachers, attached itself to the Liskeard Circuit. Tlie number 
in the society increased, and in the course of a few years a 
SaVjbath School was formed. Schools were scarce in those years 
(1810), but the teachers worked with a will, and very soon had 
their hands full and the gratitude of the parents. Many of the 
children never saw any other school, and this drew the parents 
of the children to the chapel. 

As time sped on the congregation again grew too large for the 
chapel, and if the society prospered so did the two Mr. Geakes. 
They found they did not serve God for noui^ht, but began to 
increase in substance, the elder one especially, who removed 
from a small farm to a very large one. At this time he had 
many grown up sons and daughters. But, alas, a cloud was 
gathering just now which threatened to bring bad repute. Mr. 
Geake had continued to supply the meat for Port Eliot House 
all those years ; but now a new cook had been brought from 
London. Soon after she got settled, Mr. Geake's bill became 
due, and as she gave him the amount, she said : " Of course, 
you will consider me, Mr. Geake." He said he did not under- 
stand her. She said she expected some discount for herself. 
He said : "To do that I must either defraud his lordship, or give 
it you out of my own pocket, which I cannot afford to do." 
The cook was displeased, but things went on smoothly enough 
afterwards for some time. 

One morning Mr. Geake was sent for to see his lordship, who 
said : " Mr. Geake, I have sent for you to explain what I cannot 
understand myself. My cook tells me she always finds your 
meat considerably deficient in weight, and this is the second 
time she has wished me to see it weighed myself. I told her I 
could not believe it, but now I am convinced, for I have seen it 
myself. If you can explain how it should occur I shall think no 
more of it." 



116 , venning's historical notices. 

Poor old Mr. Geake, for he was now getting old, stood for a 
few minutes speechless with astonishment. Then recovering, he 
said : " My lord, this is impossible. I saw the meat weighed 
myself, and I am in the habit of doing so. I live in the fear of 
God ; I would not defraud you or any of my customers. Has 
there been any foul play in this?" His lordship then nobly said: 
" Come to the kitchen and see if you can detect anything 
wrong. I shall be as pleased as you to have this unpleasant- 
appearance removed, because I have respect for you as a trades- 
man." They went to examine it all, and Mr. Geake was obliged 
to admit it was exactly as it was sent from his house ; also 
deficient in weight. Never had the dear old gentleman such a 
burden to carry to his home as on that day. He was so 
thoroughly crushed he could scarcely speak, and when he did, 
said : " If it was not that the people of God would suffer for 
this I could bear it better " Some said, " Let us carry it to 
God ! He will bring us out of this." So a few friends, who knew 
well his integrity, betook themselves to mighty prayer. Mr. 
Geake did not go to bed all that night, but continued walking 
the room and praying for deliverance. This teiTible conflict 
lasted three days. 

At last a little light shone upon him. He thought he would 
have all the weights tested at Liskeard, both his and theirs. 
The thought struck him so suddenly that he was sure it was- 
given him by his Father and Friend above. He was much 
relieved, went downstairs, ate soiiie breakfast, and went to Port 
Eliot to see the i^arl again, and requested the two sets of 
weights to be sent to Liskeard to be tested. His lordship 
consented, and said, " I will go myself and see it done ; I had 
not thought of that." To Liskeard they went. Mr. Geake's 
weights were tried first, and found correct ; then his lordship's 
were tried, and every one proved to be as much too heavy as 
the beef was too light. The surprise and astonishment of 
the Earl was great. He examined his weights, and saw they 
were rougher than they should be for new ones, and it was soon 
discovered that holes had been made, and some heavier metal 
poured in. Then he inquired of Mr. Geake if he had any 
suspicion of anyone who had done this. Mr. Geake said, " I 
know your cook has never shown any good disposition towards- 
me " He said, " Why ? You have always sent us good meat." 
" Yes, and I know of no other reason than that she wanted a 
discount on the bills in her favour." 

Then were his lordship's eyes opened, and his anger was- 
exceedingly stirred. He charged the cook with the crime of 



ST. GERMANS. 



117 



altering his weights. After much prevarication, she confessed to 
having employed the blacltsmith v^ho did the work of the house. 
They were both dismissed, and let us hope they lived to repent 
of their evil deeds. 

However, good was brought out of evil. His lordship 
expressed much regret at having caused Mr. Geake so much 
trouble and sorrow, and said — " Now, Mr. Geake, if there is 
anything I can do for you in any way I will do it, and you may 
take time to consider about it." 

On his way home he resolved to ask for a piece of land to 
build a new chapel on. This had always been wanted, but the 
steward had objected to let him have it for that purpose, but, 
thought Mr. Geake, " He has promised to do any tiling 1 ask for ; 
I will ask for that, although I believe he would rather do 
any other thing." He soon waited on his lordship and told how 
long they had wanted a larger chapel, but they had not been 
able to get the land to build on. He was permitted to take any 
unoccu[)ied place he liked to choose. The place was chosen and 
the Chapel speedily built. 




SI. iiKicMws \vi:si, i:\AN ( iiai'ii-. 



118 venning's historical notices. 



The opening services in the year 1825 were very memorable. 
The Chapel was full to overflowing; truly it was one of the most 
joyful and interesting days the Methodists of St. Germans 
had ever known. One evening, soon after the Chapel was 
opened, Mr. Geake publicly related the above circumstances to a 
crowded congregation. Most of the people were deeply affected ; 
many tears were shed, while the aged Christian publicly praised 
God for being so wonderfully delivered from imputed guilt. 

He was spared many years after that, and very faithfully did 
he exhort sinners to turn to Christ, and then, at a ripe old age, 
he was suddenly called to his reward. Just before he was 
heard singing — 

" Not a cloud doth arise to darken the skies. 
Or hide for one moment my Lord from my eyes." 

In a short time the spirit had fled to its rest. And so, one by 
one, the elders have passed away ; but they live in memory like 
evergreens. The lady who first invited the preachers to St. 
Germans, lived to nearly 100 years of age. Not many of the 
present generation of Wesleyans know how much our ancestors 
had to endure in the early days of Methodism. 

As many of the circumstances which occurred to Mr. Geake in 
his early preaching excursions are interesting in themselves, and 
illustrative of the violent opposition which the first Methodist 
Preachers had often to endure, and of the tempei- and spirit 
of many of the Magistrates of those days, a few of them are 
thought worthy of being recorded. On one occasion, whilst 
Mr. Geake was preaching at Wollaton, in the parish of St. 
Mellion, a mob entered the house with a large goat, for the 
purpose of disturbing the congregation ; but not succeeding in 
this, they cried out, " We will pull down the Preacher ; " and 
immediately endeavoured to put their threat into execution. 
While the people were endeavouring to protect him from their 
violence, Mr. Geake said, " Make way for them to come forward, 
and not one of them will dare to touch me." When they were 
come up to him, their courage forsook them, and they stood 
speechless. Mr. Geake then took up the Bible, and said to 
them, " Now hear me for half an hour ; and if I say anything 
contrary to this book, you shall be at liberty to do with me as 
you please." Tliey did hear with attention, and went away 
appaiently satisfied. Their leader soon afterwards became 
a Methodist. 

In the year 1796 Mr. Geake and his brother commenced preach- 
ing at Trehunest, in the parish of Quethiock. In this place they 



ST. GEBMANS. 119 



were opposed by a mob who pelted them with putrid eggs, &c., 
and manifested the most determined hostihty. On one of their 
visits, Mr. Geake left his brother to preach at Trehunest, and 
went himself to a village beyond it. On his way he met 
a mob, who were going to the former place for the purpose of 
annoying the Preacher, and disturbing the congregation. They 
were provided for their bad work with a basket of eggs, a large 
book, and a large red owl : the owl was concealed, but, in the 
bustle which ensued, it made its escape. Disappointed in their 
expectation of meeting Mr. Geake, at Trehunest, tlaey beset him in 
the road, seized the reins of his horse, and threatened him with 
the eggs. At first he mildly expostulated with them respecting 
their conduct in thus detaining him on the road, but to no pur- 
pose : he then insisted on their letting him go, and threatened to 
defend himself with the large end of his whip : by this means he 
effected his escape. He then proceeded to the place of his 
appointment, and preached in peace ; while the mob went to Tre- 
hunest, where they engaged in the fiendish pleasure of disturbing 
the congregation. The brothers now determined to claim the 
protection offered by the laws of their country. Accordingly they 
applied to a Magistrate who was greatly disaffected towards 
the Methodists, to obtain a summons for the ringleader of the mob. 
As they entered the room where he was sitting, he said, in a 
very imperative tone, " Stand where you are. I know your bus- 
iness already." Mr. Geake then stated his complaint, and 
desired him to grant the summons. He replied, " I do not wish to 
have anything to do with you ; and instead of your going about to 
preach, you should stay at home on your farm, and your brother 
in his tan-yard." Mr. Geake then said, " We have nothing to do 
on the farm, or in the tan-yard, on the Lord's day; and we be- 
lieve it to be our duty on that day to preach the Gospel." The 
Magistrate replied, "I may tliink it my duty to be a King, but 
that does not prove that I ought to be one." He endeavoured to 
convince them that they were in error; but finding them inflexible, 
he appeared nmch displeased, and said " I may as well talk to the 
fire as to you." He, however, granted the summons. At the 
time appointed, Mr. Geake and l^.is brother, with a few friends, 
went to Gallington, where the Magistrates met. They were de- 
tained until all other business of the day was finished, which was 
not until night. Before they were called to appear, they were in- 
formed by a gentleman who had dined with the Bench, " The 
Magistrates liave been discussing your case ; and they are resolved 
to use you as badly as they can." 

After a iiearing, however, the case was determined in Mr. 
Geake's favour, and tlie man was fullv convicted. But as the 



120 vbnning's historical notices. 

object of the prosecutor was to obtain peace all further pro- 
ceedings were dropped, by his consent, on condition that the 
defendant should pay all the expenses of the trial, and engage to 
keep the peace. As Mr. Geake was retiring from the room, one 
of the Magistrates called out, " Geake, I am informed that you 
pretend to inspiration ; but I tell you that inspiration has ceased 
since the days of the Apostles. And you also say that you were 
sent of God to preach the Gospel, Now, remember, if I ever 
hear that you pretend to inspiration again, or that you profess to 
be sent of God to preach the Gospel, I will send you to jail for 
six months for the first oiifence ; and for the second I will trans- 
port you for seven years; for I am a quorum." Mr. Geake 
replied, " You need be at no trouble to collect information ; for I 
will make a confession before you, that I believe God hath 
inspired me by his Holy Spirit, and hath sent me to preach the 
Gospel. Now, Sir, make out my mittimus, and send me to jail." 
The utmost confusion and mortification now became visible in 
the Magistrate's countenance, which he endeavoured tu conceal 
by spreading a book before him. The Bench were then referred 
to the solemi:i affirmation made by Clergymen on that subject. 
After Mr. Geake and his friends had retired, the defendant and 
his associates expressed their disappointment at not being at 
liberty to annoy the Methodist Preachers ; when it was replied, 
"Would to God we could suppress them ! but the law is on their 
side." 

There is a Charity, supposed to be the rent of 
CHARITIES, certain fields, belonging to the Earl of St. 

Germans, by which a large quantity of beef, 
corn and coal is distributed to those employed by his Lord- 
ship, at Christmas Eve, every year It is divided between 
families as follows : - Each head of a family receives 2^ lbs. of 
beef, 2 gallons of corn, and 1 cvvt. of coal ; and in the case of 
children, 2 lbs. of meat per head. No less than about 1000 lbs. 
of meat and a similar quantity of corn are amiually distributed in 
this way, but it is entirely a free gift on the part of his Lordship 
which he might withdraw at any time. 

On entering the village from the north, there is a 
ANCIENT row of ancient houses arranged for the residence 
COTTAGES, of twelve poor widows with rent free. They 
were erected by one of the Moyle family, and 
assigned to the great grandfather of the present Earl of St. 
Germans, and his successors, who are bound to keep the dwell- 
ings in repair, and to give a shilling and a peck of wheat to 
every occupant on New Year's Day. These houses are generally 



ST. GERMANS. 



121 



occupied, and when any vacancy occurs there are many ap- 
phcants. We give an illustration of the almshouses, which 
shews their antiquity. 




HOW OF ANCIKNl' COTTAGES, ST. (iKKMANf 



The Manor of Cudden-beake — the wooded point or 
MANORS, headland — is situated at the eastern end of St. 

Germans town. It had long heen held on lease 
under the Bishops of Exeter by the St. Germans family. The 
Mansion, which was a count)-y seat of the bishops, was for some 
time a jointure-house of that family ; and in 1703 was occupied 
by the widow of Daniel Eliot, Esq ; it afterwards became a farm- 
house, but now lies in ruins. The situation is pleasant, and 
commands a fine view over the St. (jermans creek. 

The Manor of Bake anciently belonged to a family of tliat name, 
fi'om whom it passed by an lieiress, in tlie reign of Edward III., 
to the Moyles, who resided here for many generations. Thomas 
Moyle, of this place, was Speaker of the House of Commons, in 
the reign of Henry VIII. Kobert Moyle, who is described as a 
wealthy gentleman, had in his Will, dated May 8th, 1604, the 
following clause : — 

■' For the zealous care I hear to tlie House of (iod. and for con tyn nance of 
the ])reaching of the Word, as in my lyfe tynie so after my dales, in the 
•Church of St Gennins. I freelye give and allowe nnto WiUiam Doodinge, 



122 VENNING"s HISTOKICAL NOTICKS. 

meate, drincke, diett and lodginge in my house of Backe, fit and convenient 
for him, his vviefe. children and a maide seruant. as a token of my last love^ 
as long as he shall exercise his ministrie, and as the Lord's watchman, con- 
tinewe to be preacher unto the congregation and people in that place." 

Walter Moyle, who was in his time an eminent scholar and 
natural philosoper, represented Saltash in Parliament in the 
7th year of William III., 1695, and distinguished himself by a 
speech in support of a Bill for tlie encouragement of seamen. He 
was also a Vice- Warden of the Stannaries. He retired early from 
public affairs, and, after a brief life of studious seclusion, died at 
Bake, in 1721, at the early age of 49. His works, consisting of 
critical dissertations, papers on Natural History and Antiquities, 
were published in two volumes, and embellished with his- 
portrait. His father. Sir Walter Moyle, Knight, was Secretary 
of State to Charles II. He married a daughter of Sir William 
Morice. 

Joseph Moyle, second son of Sir Walter Moyle, married Cath- 
erine, only daughter and heir of Sir Godfrey Copley, Bart., of 
Sprotborough, in Yorkshire ; and their son, Joseph Moyle, upon 
succeeding to the property of his maternal grandfather, assumed by 
Act of Parliament, the surname of Copley only, and was created a 
baronet, August 28, 1778. He married Mary, daughter of John 
Buller, Esq., of Morval. Bake was the property of the late Sir 
Joseph- William Copley, Bart. It then came to Sir Wager J. 
Watson, who adopted the name of Copley, and a few years since 
it came to Mrs. Henry Lygon Somers-Cocks, of London, and is- 
still her property. 

The ancient mansion at Bake was destroyed by fire ; as was 
also the new one in 1808. The latter contained an excellent 
library, and a collection of valuable MSS., written chiefly by 
Walter Moyle, the whole of which, and the greater part of the- 
furniture, were burnt. A farm-house has since been erected on 
the site. 

Coldrennick was for a short period the seat of a younger branch 
of the Trelawny family, which became extinct at the decease of 
Charles Trelawny, in 1794; when it passed by devise to the 
families of Darell, Crabb, and Stephens, who successively took 
the name of Trelawny. It is now the property of Major- 
General Jago Trelawny. The mansion was erected in the early 
part of the Eighteenth Century by one of the Trelawnys ; it has- 
two good fronts, and is surrounded with luxurious and picturesque 
scenery. A lofty viaduct of the Cornwall Railway passes over the 
entrance to the grounds. 



ST. GERMANS. 125 



Catchfrench Mansion is situated on the side of a hill, a short 
distance to the east of the rivulet Seaton, and the estate 
is said to have anciently belonged to the Talverns, of 
Northill, from whom it passed by a female in marriage 
to Kekewich, of Essex, who settled here. George Keke- 
wich, who resided here in Carew's days, rebuilt the 
mansion : some parts recently standing, bore the worda 
" George Kekwyche, 1580." The present mansion was built on 
the site of the old one by the late Francis Glanville, Esq; a small 
portion of it still remains. The modern buildings are in the cas- 
tellated style, spacious and commodious, and are encircled with 
well wooded plantations. The Manor continued in the Kekewich 
family until the time of Charles II. , when it was sold to Hugh 
Boscawen ; afterwards to Hugh Fortescue, Esq. ; and by various- 
changes it came to Baron Clinton, who sold it in 1728 to Julius 
Glanvill. 

John Glanvill, who was Recorder of Plymouth, and 
represented it in several Parliaments, was of an old Devonshire 
family, said to have come in with the Conqueror. He was 
Counsellor of_ Liskeard in the reign of James I., and was elected 
Speaker of the House of Commons in 1640. He was a man of 
great talents, and being attached to the royal cause was knighted 
in 1641, and followed the King to Oxford. In 1645 he was- 
excluded from the House of Commons, and soon after imprisoned 
in the Tower, where he remained about three years ; a fine of 
£10,000 was exacted to procure his liberation, and to prevent the 
confiscation of his estates. He wrote several legal treatises ; 
and on the Restoration was appointed Premier-Serjeant by 
Charles II. He died in 1661, and his monument in Tavistock 
Church represents effigies of himself, his wife, and their seven 
children. Julius Glanvill was the Premier-Serjeant's grandson ; 
he devised Catchfrench to his nephew, Sir John Glanvill, whose 
descendant, Reginald Glanvill, is the present proprietor. 

Tregunnick, an ancient seat of the Smiths, is now the property 
of Mrs. Somers-Cocks. 

St. Winnols was formerly considered to be a manor. There waS- 
an ancient chapel here, which was once held under the Bishop of 
Exeter, by the Tamworth family. Sir Nicholas de Ta-uworth, 
Kt., did homage for it on Candlemas Day, February 2, 1370-1. 
It now belongs to John Littleton, Esq. 

Molenick was anciently the dwelling of a family of the same 
name, but in the time of Edward I. it was carried by an heiresa 



124 venning'.s historical notices. 

in marriage to one of the Scawens. William Scawen of this 
place was M.P. for St. Germans in 1639, and was well versed 
in antiquarian matters. He died in 1689, and was succeeded by 
Sir William Scawen, Kt., M.P., for Truro in 1701. He was the 
last of that family who resided here, and died about the year 
1712. He settled by deed on the church of St. Germans a 
■dwelling for the incumbent. This estate, after passing through 
various families, now belongs to the Earl of St. Germans. 

Cutcrew, Paterda, Deviock, Treskelly and Hendra, Griffle, 
Lanyone, Heskin, Berry, and Pardaberry, all of which were 
ancient seats in this parish, now belong to the Earl of St. 
Germans. 



Hessenford is an ecclesiastical parish, formed 
HES5ENF0RD. March 26th, 1852, from the civil parish of 

St. Germans. The church of St. Anne, 
built in 1832, and consecrated September 26th, 1833, is an edifice 
■of stone in the Early English style, consisting of chancel, nave, 
aisles, south porch and a small western tower with spire con- 
taining one bell. The stained east window is a memorial to the 
Rev. G. Golding, formerly vicar of Hessenford, and the west 
window to Mrs. Abraham. There are other memorial windows to 
the Rev. John Turner Fisher, B.A., vicar, who died in 1885 ; to 
Sir Charles Watson-Copley, third baronet, and Georgina (Tred- 
<;roft), his wife, who died in 1888 and 1892 respectively. The 
Eeredos is of carved stone inlaid with mosaic, and the choir 
stalls were presented by the late Sir Wager Joseph V^Atson- 
Copley, fourth and last baronet. The Church was rebuilt in 
1871 : the nave at the cost of the vicar, and the chancel by 
Lady Cornwallis ; there are 300 sittings. The register dates 
from the year 1832. 

Downderry Mission Chapel of St. Nicolas 
DOWNDERRY. was built in 1883-4, at a cost of £1,000, by 

the Rev. J. T. Fisher, B.A., late Vicar of 
Hessenford. It is an edifice of stone in the Early English style, 
and has a belfry containing one bell, erected as a memorial to the 
Rev. J. H. S. Stavely, a former curate. x\n oak pulpit was 
provided in 1893. 

The Downderry Working Men's Club and Reading Room, 
■erected at a cost of £400, and opened in 1891, is a structure of 
local sandstone with brick dressings. It is well supplied with 



ST, GERMANS. 



125 



local and general newspapers, and has a library of several 
hundred volumes. Bagatelle and other games are also provided. 




DOWNUKKUV WKSI.KVAN CHAI'KI.. 



Methodism was introduced into Downderry about 63 years- 
ago, when Mr. James Mitchell, who had built and then occupied 
" Woodbine Cottages," opened his home for the preaching of the 
Gospel. For 30 years tlie villagers visited this " church in the 
house." In 1849, as the result of The Eeform Agitation, a room 
was built, under tl.e auspices of the " Reform Union." The 
Wesleyan meetings were held at the same time in what is now 
the Hotel, ji^fter a time the Wesleyan services were given up, 
two places being considered unnecessary. Tlie services of the 
Reform Union also dwindled after the Episcopal Church was 
built. For one year and nine' months no services were held. 
The Sunday School survived, and the Wesleyans rented the 
" Long Room " over Mr. Broad's stable. 

In 1890, after hearty eflbrt, a neat little edifice was erected 
with a Schoolroom adjoining, at a cost of about £800. The debt 
was cleared in 1896. There are 150 sittings. There is a port- 
able partition between the Chapel and Schoolroom, which is 
used on special occasions, and provides sitting accommodation 
for about 50 more. The pulpit is built on a platform which runs 



126 vekning's historical notices. 

■on wheels, and can easily be moved to suit the size of the 
audience. It is a very attractive place of worship, erected on an 
■eminence overlooking the sea, and amply provides for the 
regular worshippers, as well as the numerous visitors who 
frequent this growing sea-side resort. 

Tideford is a village and ecclesiastical parish, 
TIDEFORD. formed March 26th, 1852, from the civil parish 

of St. Germans. The church of St. Luke is a small 
and plain edifice of stone in the Early English style, consecrated 
July 31st, 1845, and consisting of chancel, nave and a gable cot 
containing two bells ; the interior is fitted with oak pulpit, reading 
desk and pews. The stained east window was placed to the 
memory of his daughter by the Rev. Edward Glanville, a former 
incumbent of this parish. There are 200 sittings. The register 
dates from the year 1845. 



ST. IVE. 

St. Ive is said to have derived its name from St. 

PATRON John, the eldest son of Brechan, the petty king of 

SAINT. Wales, and brother of St. Keyne. John being a 

Welshman, his name in his native language was 
Evan or Ivon. In 1291 the Church was called " Eccl'ia S'c'i 
Ivonis." 

Another account supposes the Church — which was re-built in 
1338 — to have been dedicated by the Bishop of Waterford to 
St. Ivo, a bishop, who was a native of Persia, and preached the 
Gospel in England early in the Seventh Century. The feast of 
St. Ivo was kept on the third of February. 

It is said the Church was founded by the Knights Templar of 
St. John of Jerusalem, who had a Preceptory at Trebeigh in this 
parish, which was given to them either by King Stephen or 
Henry II., and dissolved at the Reformation, but afterwards 
restored by Queen Mary. 

The Church is a building of stone and grey granite, 

THE in the Decorated and Perpendicular styles, consist- 

CHURCH. ing of chancel, nave of five bays, south aisle with 

porch, north transept or chapel, massive south 
porch, and a western granite tower with twelve pinnacles, there 



ST. IVE. 



127 



being a cluster of three at each angle, and containing five bells, 
dated respectively 1754, 1775, 1790, 1806 and 1827. 

Some of the old Fourteenth Century work at the east end is 
particularly fine, especially the window of the chancel, which is 
richly ornamented with geometrical tracery at the head, with a 
wheel trefoiled and five lights. There are also three fine sedilia 
of the Decorated period, and a piscina, and in the transept 
is another piscina and a fine hagioscope ; on the north 
side of the chancel is an arched recess, and there are 
two memorial windows. The pulpit, made in 1700, is profusely 
ornamented with carving, and there is a carved oak lectern. 
There is a Reredos erected to the memory of Archdeacon 
Hobhouse by his family, and also a memorial window by his 
friends and parishioners. 




Photo bi/] 



ST. ivi: CHURCH. 



[ JJarriii, (Jti.ethiock. 



In the south porch is a lioly water stoup : the sutidial on the 
porch is inscribed " Quotidie Morior, 1695." 

The Church was restored and reseated in oak in 1883-4, wlien 
the Rev. Archdeacon Hobhouse was Rector, at a cost exceeding 
£1,000. The register dates from the year 1685. 



128 VENNING's HISTOKICAL NOriCES. 

MnMiiMPMT<; ^" ^^^ north of the chancel is a large and fine- 
monument with the following inscription : — 

•■ Hfij-e h/eth the body of Blannch Wrey, loJio was burled ye 1(> of December^ 
1595, and ye body of John Wrey, Esquier, irho vas buried y." 9fh of June^ 
A no Doinhil 1597. 

Loe here he lieth though dead yet living still ; 
His famious name resounding ekoes aye, 
, Whereby report of hym the ayre doth fyll. 

the lastinge fame & name of rightful! Wreye. 
Good to ye poore, — bribes never would he take. 
Voyde of oppression all kind of waye. 
He faithfull fryends of enemyes did make, 
of quarrels greate ceast lawe eche daj^e by daye. 
Death doe thy worst, this Wreye yet lives & shall, 
thy darte his deeds cannot extyrpe or quayle. 
Thousands are the which thou liaste causde to fall. 
& yet on hym no waye thou canste prevayle. 
what resteth then, but cease to mourne & moane 
for hym, whose vertues shyne like to the sonne.' 
Though here he lieth. his soul to heaven is gone 
where angells see hym though his threade be spunne." 

Other monuments and stones on the floor bear the following^ 
inscriptions: — 

'■ In memory (f Elizabeth Dodnon. ye Relict of Thomax Dodson, esq.. <£• of 
Johanna and Mary their Daughters u-ho gave 50 -pounds — Tli.e profit thereof 
to be distributed vieeMy in bread amo)igst ye poor fatherless d- motherless child- 
ren d- imdows of this pish, which Money was paid to John Salterii, Gent. Church 
vxirden, and John Rundle, Overseer, Ano, Dom. 1712." 

•'PENHARGETT. 

Joan ye daughter of Richard Morshead, 
here lies in her dusti bead ; 
April the Kith, in 1701 i, by death seasd ; 
but we hope in Christ shees Rais'd 
To Line with Him for Evermore ; 
as doe the Righteous rich and poore. 
And there to rest free from paine. 
so we trust in god to meet Againe." 

On a stone in the nave of the Church, to one William Lean, 
are these brief lines : — 



" By faith so sure 
By hope so bould 



By love so pure 
We Christ behold." 



In the churchyard are tombstones with the following inscrip- 
tions : — ^ --__- ^a 

'^^ Here underneath lies the body of Roger Trenaman. of this parish, Yeo- 
man, v;ho was buried August the SOth, 1757, aged 75, and of Mary his wife 
who was buried March 19th, 1754. aged 75. 



ST. IVE. 129 



Here under lies a godly pair. 

Who lived in love nigh forty year ; 

In peace and love they Spent their days 

Striving to walk in virtues ways ; 

For which we hope yt. they are blest 

With angels in eternal rest ; 

A place of rest where saints do sing 

Sweet Hallelujahs to their King." 



" Here lyes the body of a youth 

Whose race the Cough soon ended, 
Who on the Records of God's truth 

With early zeal attended. 
Let his fond Parents be Resign'd 

Until the Resurrection. 
When they their fanci'd loss will find 

Sure gain through Christ's affection. 

Erected by John Kittow. of tliis parish, in memory of John his son, 
who was buried December 4th, 1749. Aged 11 years." 

There are two small granite cross monuments in memory 
of the late Archdeacon Hobhouse and his wife, on which are 
inscribed : 

" Reginald Hobhouse, B. March 15th, 1818, D. January 27th, 1895— 
50 years Rector of this parish ; 14 years Archdeacon of Bodmin." 

"Caroline Hobhouse. B. October 16th. 1820, D. July 26th, 1880, the 
beloved wife of Reginald Hobhouse. " 

In the vestry of the Church is the following quaint inscrip- 
tion : — 

'•We Ring the quick to Church, the dead to grave, 
good is our use such usage let us have. 
Who here therefore ; doth damn, or curse or swear, 
or strike in quarrel, tho' no blood appear, 
or wear his hatt, or spur, or turns a bell 
or any make a noise to mar a peal ; 
Shall six ()ence pay, for each, and every crime ; 
he'll fear to offend (perhai)s) another time ; 
and since bells are a modest recreation ; 
Let's rise, and ring, and fall to admiration. 

William Dav), John Iloxkin. Cliiirchirardexn. 1776." 

The chief place of interest for antiquity in this 
MANOR OF parish is the Manor of Trebeigh, called in Domes- 
TREBEIQH. day Trebichen. This Manor was purchased 

before the Conquest, for Tavistock Abbey, and was 
given by Stephen or Henry II. to the Knights Hospitallers of 
Jerusalem — an order which originated about A.D. 1048 — who 



130 venning's historical notices. 

had a Preceptory there which was restored by Queen Mary. This 
Manor is said to have enjoyed great privileges ; for being a manor 
and a barton, it had a courtleet, steward, bailiff, and prison, 
with power to punish the tenants for small offences, &c. After 
1573, Trebeigh passed to tlie family of Wreys, and has ever 
since been the property of this name. Sir William Wrey of 
this place was made a Baronet in 1628. The manor is now 
vested in Sir. Gerard Boucher Wrey. 

The principal ancient seats, bartons and manors in this parish, 
are Bicton, Hay, Dinnerdake, Appledore, Penharget, Slade, 
Ludcot and Cadson. 

There is a house with 5 acres of land of the yearly value 
of £8 8s, Od., given for the benefit of poor labourers of the 
parish. 

At the south-eastern corner is a curious isolated hill, washed at 
its base on two sides by the river Lynher, which has a magnificent 
conical mount, called Cadson Bury or anciently Cadson Castle, 
which rises some places at a gradient of about one in three, to 
an altitude of, at least, 500 feet above the river. This is generally 
believed to have been an ancient British fortification, for on its 
summit — which is circular in form — there are the remains of an 
encampment, and in the time of battle it was, no doubt, a secure 
defence. At Tokenbury is another small encampment. Trebeigh 
was anciently a Preceptory of Knights Templars, founded about 
1150, by H. de Pomeroy and Eeginald Marsh; its possessions 
were valued at £81. 



LANDRAKE WITH ST. ERNEY. 

Landrake, or Lanrake as it was anciently 
THE CHURCH, called, signifies Oak enclosure or Church of 

St. Rioch. Another derivation is Lan-Indract, 
i.e., Church of Indract (the brother of St. Dominica), an early 
British saint who lived here. The Church was dedicated to St. 
Peter, and comprises a chancel, nave, north aisle, and a south 
transept, and is built of a good faced stone raised in the parish. 
It was restored in 1877, and received a Grant of £30 from the 
Incorporated Society for Building Churches towards re-seating 
and restoration. 



LANDRAKE. 



131 




Photo hi/'] 



LANDRAKE CHURCH. 



[Hdrris, (Juethiock. 



MONUMENTS There are some very ancient inscriptions. 

One on Brass i-eads : — 

■' Pra// for the soide of Iidtrard CoiirUiey, emmyer, secoiule son (f Sr. 
Willtn. Courtney, Knyght, of Pomleram, which dyed the fy rat day of inch. 
Ana. dm' mo ve ixo. on irhos' soide ihn hare 7n'ci." 



'• Here nndenirath l/flh fhr body of Daniel Tr/iscott, of Poldrissick, in 
this parish, who departed this life, the 15th day of October. 1761. Aetatis 
Siue 78. 

After a lon<.{ ami i)aiiif'nl life. 
Where iiotliiii;^ was l)iit care and strife 
My body here doth rest in peace ; 
All cares and troubles now do cease. 



132 vbnning's historical notices. 



My soul, the only thingr I have 
Which can't be bnrL^d in a grave. 
I ho)ie is mounted up on hi^h, 
To live with Christ eternall3\ 

What I have got by care and i)ain. 

Which is an honest way of gain, 

I leave behind others to use ; 

I wish they do it not abuse, 

Into whose hands the same shall come, 

I hope they never will do wrong 

But honest be in all their ways. 

And then God will prolong their days." 

In the chancel there has been an ornamental window erected, 
in memory of the Rev. Thomas Hunt Ley, 46 years Vicar of this 
parish, who died March 4th, 1866. 

In the choir a very beautiful window (the visit of the three 
Marys to the Sepulchre) was erected in 1888, and bears an in- 
scription " To the Glory of God and in loving memory of Emily 
Mercy Buller Browne {nee Dyer), of the Barton in this parish, 
born October 29th, 1834, died March 13th, 1887. This window 
is erected by her husband and daughters." 

\ 
The following inscriptions are on a n^onument to Nichulas 

Wills and Ebote his wife, he having survived his wife only a few 

months : — 

" Here lyeth the bod;/ of Ehote. late ivyfe unto Nicnolas WilU. Gentlema7u 
She departed thi-^ lyfe and ma^ huri/ed the 19fh day of June, 1607. 

Deaths vizadge crime could not dismay 

Her that in God did trust ; 

Although her body doe decaye, 

Her soule rayneth with the just. 

A corrupt body incorrupt shall be ; 

A mortall crown'd with immortallity. 

A liviiige death, a dying life. 

hath freed her soule from worlds strife. 

That one in whom these two are one. 

Their names and bhxjd in him so joyne 

(herein of both a living tombe. 

tliough of small proffe. Gaynst times to Come). 

Their worth to right, his love to vent, 

Erected here this monument ; 

though far behynde for cost & arte. 

both his Desyer and their Desarte." 

" Here lyeth the body of Nicholax Wylls. Gentleman, icho departed this 
liefe the second Day of October, 1607. 

As Turtles true doe lyve and love together 
In jieifect blysse. durynge Each others lyefe ; 
Yett when the fates doe take Each one from other. , 
That one remaynes doth always pyne with Greife. 



LANDKAKE. 



133 



So these two Turtles that Intomb'd here lye 

full many yeares, dyd pass in perfect luve ; 

Tyll death dyd sever tlieyre true sympathy, 

To quite theyre loves with hevenly Juyes above. G.W. 

A Dying life after her death, 

Deprived his spirits of vitall breath ; 

for his desire to seeke his mate, 

hath crown'd them Ijoth wth. Glorious state." 

"Elizabeth (the daughter of Robert Rawe, gent., deceased), lieth buried 
att the entrance into the Chancell, by ye Minister's Pew ; who died ye 
29th day of July, 1670 ; in the 2Gth year of her age. 

The Soule a little Trinity 
Int's Intellect. Will, Memory, 
Is fled to great Tri-unity, 

As to its proper center. 
The body in its clement 
Sleeps untill the mighty advent 
Of Christ, Angells, Saints in judgment, 

Then ! come ye blessed enter — " 

"Juxta hie jacent corpora dicti Robert! ; Margeriae uxoris ejus; 
Robert! et Johanis filior ; aliu sq. Elizabethae gemin. 

Aut sero, aut citiui* secpieris, tunc vivere disco 
Disce mori. (quicso) (hun licet esse, bene." 

'• Samuel the son of Thomas Rowe, of Cutlinwith, gent., died the 12th 
of June, 1713 ; and lieth buried in the Alley at the entrance into the 
Chancel, by the Minister's Pew. 

Serins aut citius metam 

jjroperamus ad unam." 

"In memory of Richard Cole, junr., School Master, son of Richard 
Cole, the first schoolmaster of this Town, who was buried ye I'.'th day of 
March, 1738 ; ^tat 26 years. 

Christ is to me as life on earth. 

And death to me is gain ; 
Because I trust through him alone 

Salvation to obtain. 
Tho' I dyd in tlie prime of time, 

And in iny yonthful days, 
The Lord will rise nie up again. 
To live with him always." 

"In memory of Jonathan Palmer, of tliis parish, who departed this life 
the 4th day of January, 1743 ; in the 73d year of his age. 

Also Joan his wife, who departed this lite the 8th day of March, 1744 ; 
in the 71st year of her age. 

Also Peter, son of the above said Jonathan Palmer, who departed this 
life (being drowned) the l.'>tli day of April, 1734 ; in the 30th 3'ear of his 
age. 

Also John his son. who dei)arted this life the 26th day of January, 
1743 ; in the 38th year of his age. 



134 venning's historical notices. 

Naked as from the earth we came. 

And crept to life at first, 
We to the earth return again, 

And mingle with our dust. 
The dear delights we hear enjoy, 

And fondly call our own ; 
Are but short favours borrow'd now. 

To be repayd Anon.'' 

"Here underneath lieth the bodj' of Daniel Truscott, of Poldrissick, 
in this parish, who departed this life the l.")th day of October, 1751 ; 
^tatis Suag 78. 

After a long and painfull life, 

Where notbing was but care & strife. 

My body here doth rest in peace ; 

All cares and troubles now do cease. 

My soul, the only thing I have 

Which can't be buried in a grave, 

T hope is mounted up on high, 

To live with (Jhfist eternally. 

What T have got by care and pain. 

Which is an honest way of gain. 

I leave behind, others to use ; 

I wish they do it not abuse. 

Into whose hands the same shall come, 

I hope they never will do wrong ; 

But honest be in all their ways. 

And then GOD will jirolong their days." 

"MEMENTO MORI. 

In memory of John Palmer, of this parish, who died the 12th day of 
Decern., 1785 ; aged 42 years. 

How lov'd, how Valu'd once avails Me not, 
To whom related, or by whom begot ; 
A heap of Dust alone remains of Me, 
'Tis all I am, and all the Great shall be. 

Also with him lie the remains of Rebecca, his Dautr., who died the 
17th day of Feb., 1788 ; aged 2 years." 

" Underneath lie the remains of John Saunders, late of Trewandra, in 
this parish. He departed this life tlje 1st day of October, 1806 : aged 82 
years. 

Reader, improve the present hour, for all beside 
Is a mere feather on a torrent's tide." 

'■ Near this place lie deposited the remains of Philip Blake, late of 
Penquite, in this parish, gent., who departed this life the 20th day of 
February, A.D., 1808 ; aged 74 yrs. 

Also the remains of Elizabeth his wife, who departed this life the 27th 
day of January, A.D., 1794 ; aged 60 years. 

And also the remains of George, their son, who departed this life the 
4th day of November, 1776, aged 12 months. 



LANDKAKE. ■ 135 



Kind angels guard our sleeping dust, 
Till Christ shall come to raise the just, 
Then may we wake with sweet surprise, 
And meet our Saviour in the skies." 

■ Underneath lieth Grace, the daughter of Joseph and Joan Hambly, 
of Cutlinwith, gent., who died 22nd August, 1810 ; aged 27 years. 

Also the above Joseph Hambly, of Cutlinwith, gent., who died Octr. 
ItJth, 1825 ; aged 71' years. 

Also Joan Hambly, wife of the above Joseph Hambly, who died 
Octr. 1st, 1831 ; aged 84 years." 

■■ Beneath lie the remains of John Blake, late of Trebighan, in this 
parisli. He departed this life the IGth day of January, 181"J ; aged 61 yrs. 
Farewell my dear and loving wife, 

Likewise my children and my friends ; 
In heav'n I hope to meet you all. 

Where death and time shall have their ends." 

■■ Sacred to the memory of Samson Rundle (late of this village), who 

departed this life March 27th, 1821 ; aged 53 years. 

Also of Mary, his former wife, and daughter of Philip Blake, late of 

Penquite. in this parish. She departed this life in April, 17'J5 ; aged 30 

years. 

How awful is the scene while here I tread. 
These venerable mansions of the dead. 
Time was these ashes liv'd, and time shall be 
When otbers thus shall stand and gaze on me. 
Awake then O my Soul 1 true wisdom learn. 
Not till to-morrow the great work adjourn." 

•■ Sacred to the memory of Catherine Blake, late of Cutivett, who 
departed this life September the 20th, 1827 ; aged 54 years." 

■■ Sacred to the memory of Peter Palmer, of Lantallack, who departed 
this life Deer. 28th, 1829 ; aged 57 years. 

■■ Also of Elizabeth his wife, who departed this life August 7th, 1833 ; 
aged til years." 

■■ In memory of John Littleton, Esquire, late of Strickstenton, Lan- 
livery. wlio died at Saltash, January lltn, 1847 ; aged 27 years. 

Also of Thomazin Littleton, mother of the above, who died November 
21st, 1865 ; aged 78 years." 

■■ Sacred to the memory of Maria Steed (Daughter of William and 
Rebecca Steed, of this parish), who departed this life May 18th, 1867 ; 
aged 60 years." 

There is a tablet to the memory of the Blake family, of 
Penquite, viz : — 

■ Tliomas Blake who died April 3rd, 1862, aged 84 years. 



136 venning's historical notices. 

Also Maria Elizabeth Blake, wife of the above, who died November 1st, 
1871, aged 91 years. And Mary Blake, dausrhter of the latter, died April 
I'Jth, 1899, aged 93 years, and lies in St. Eniey Church3'ard." 

On the same tablet there are inscriptions to Thomas, Peter, Philip and 
Henry, Thomas Biddick and John Palmer Blake. 

" In loving memory of Elizabeth and Maria, elder daughter of the late 
Thomas and Maria Blake, of Penquite, in this parish, who emigrated to 
Canada in 1830. and died there in 1894, and 1896 ; both aged about 93 years." 

On a tombstone in the churchyard is the following inscrip- 
tion : — 

" Sacred to the memory of Charles Bray, late of this parish, who died 
August 23rd, 1884, aged 67 years, leaving a wife and eight children to 
lament their loss. 

For upwards of forty years he was a member of the Methodist Society. 
and during thirty years of that period he filled the office of Class Leader, 
possessing the high esteem of all who knew him, and by whom his 
death is deeply regretted." 

There is a beatitiful Brass Eagle Lectern with the following 
inscription : — 

" To the dory of Cod and in memory of Thomas Lang and Catherine 
his wife, late of Poldrissick in this parish. (This Lectern is given by their 
three sons) A.D. 1897." 

In the chancel on a tablet there is inscribed : — 

"The Reredos in this Church was erected at the express desire 
of Hugh William Littleton, who died on December 3rd, 1894, in 
memory of his Father and Mother, John and Nancy Littleton, of 
Brightor, 1895. Une Dieu et une-Roy." 

The introduction of Methodism into the village 
METHODISM, does not appear to have met with any serious 

opposition, nor was it accompanied with any of 
the exciting scenes which occurred in several other places in the 
Circuit. In the early years of the century, Methodist services 
were conducted in the cottage of John Panter, a cooper, wlio was 
also distinguished as being Clerk of tlie Parish Church. Services 
were subsequently held in the kitchen of the farm-house at 
" Wisewandra"; it is recorded that Mr. Webb, the owner, kindly 
provided a pulpit for the use of the preachers. These services 
were successful, and the place was soon put on the Circuit Plan 
and was known as " Landrake and Wisewandra". 

In the year 1812 the old Chapel was erected, and in 1834 a 
gallery was added; with tins addition the little place could only 
accommodate 80 persons ; other alterations were made during 



LANDK.VKK. 



137 




I.VMi|;\kl. WKSI.K'l AN CllAl'KI.. 



succeeding years until the acconitiiodation was found to be quite 
inadequate for the steadily increasing congregations. 

In 1894 it was decided to erect a new chapel ; many difficulties 
had to be surmounted, but by united effort these wei'e overcome, 
and in 1895, during the first Plymouth Conference, the present 
building was opened for public worship. 

It is a beautiful village Chapel of Gothic architecture, and a 
■credit to Wesleyan Methodism in the Circuit. It was designed 
by Mr. S. P. Ilosking, of Landrake, and is a standing memorial of 
his taste and skill. Above the main entrance door there is carved 
the following inscription, in an approj^riate area : — " Wesleyan 
Church, Laus Deo, 1895." There are 180 sittings. The services 
.are well attended, and the singing is thorouglily congregational 
and hearty. 

The old Chapel has been adapted to Sunday School purposes, 
and new class rooms have been added. A " Wesley Guild" has 
just been formed, embracing every department of organization. 



la.s 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 




J.AXDKAKl': \Vi;.-IJ'.VAN Cll Al'Ki.— 1 N IKI! K >i;. 



On the wall of the Church transept is a clause 
CHARITIES, in the Will of Sir R.Geffery, dated 10th February, 

1703, in which he settles the sum of £520 to be 
laid out in the purchase of lands, houses, etc., in the City of 
London, upon trust ; in the first place that 2/- per week, might 
be paid weekly for ever, and laid out in bread for the poor in- 
habitants of Landrake and St. Erney, and distributed to them by 
the Churchwardens on every Sunday in the forenoon after Divine- 
service ; and the remainder of the rents and income should be paid 
from time to time by quarterly payments, or yearly, for ever, unto- 
the Schoolmaster, for the time being of Landrake, or to some 
other person who should teach the'childrenof the poor inhabitants- 
within the said parishes to write and read English, to learn 
and be instructed in the catechisms used in the Church of 
>lngland. 

This Sir Robert Geffery was once a poor boy of the parish, who- 
by his good conduct and success in business, realized a splendid 



LANDRAKE. 13^ 



fortune in London, where he became an eminent East India 
Merchant, Lord Mayor, M.P. for the City, and Treasurer of the 
three Royal Hospitals, and was knighted. The land purchased 
with this legacy, being required for public purposes, was sold 
to considerable advantage, and realizes an annual income of about 
£60 a year, which is still devoted to the purposes named in the 
Will, and the bread is given away every Sunday morning after 
service. 

The property is now benig laid out for building purposes, and 
will probably bring in a considerably larger income in the course 
of a few years. The School is worked under a scheme of the 
Charity Commissioners. There are six Governors, two of whom 
are appointed by the Vestry. 

There was a Maypole here until lately, whicli was one of the 
last in East Cornwall. 

Mrs. Jane Cox, who died in 1725, caused three dwellings to be 
erected in the Churchtown for poor widows belonging to the parish. 
Among the first inmates it is said she included some of her own 
poor, relatives who resided in the adjoinujg parish of Botusfleming. 
It is stated she endowed the charity with the interest of £600, but 
this is now lost. Some years since, the property having become 
perfectly delapidated and unclaimed, was taken possession of and 
rebuilt for ten widows by the late Captain Eogers, whose 
representatives claim only a quarterly rental of 6d. from each. 
If tlie number of widows who apply for admission is less than 
that of vacancies, other poor persons are admitted at discretion. 

The Manor of Landrake, said to be the best in the 
MANORS. County, was in the time of Edward III. the pro- 
perty of the family of St. Margaret. In the Seven- 
teenth Century it was the property of Sir John Maynard. The 
manor was afterwards carried in marriage to Sir Henry Hobart, 
ancestor of 2nd Earl of Buckinghamshire, whose daughter and 
co-heiress having married the Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, the 
manor became the property of that noble family, in whose 
possession it lemains. 

Treluggan, in St. l^rney, once belonged to an Irish family 
called Blake, and their coat of arms is now in St. Erney Church. 
The property passed by marriage to Col. O'Dogherty, and after 
the O'Dogherty family it was sold to the late Mr. R. R. Langs- 
ford, whose daugliters (Mrs. Lewis and Miss Langsford) now 
own it. At the entrance was a great gate, on the posts of 
whicli formerly stood two eagles. Tliese have been removed,. 



140 vennii^g's histokical notices. 

and round stones substituted, but it is still called Eagle Gate. 
The approach to the old mansion — which is now occupied as a 
farm-house — is through a beautiful aveuue of trees. 

The Manor of Markwell, 8t. Erney, belongs to the Earl of St. 
Germans. It contains -St. Mark's Well, which is one of the 
Oornish "Holy Wells." The Palmer family has resided at 
Markwell for hundreds of years. 

Mrs. E. L. S. Cocks owns Tredinnick in this parish, 

Cutlinwith has been for many generations the property of the 
Hamblys. 



St. Erney is named after St. Ernoe of Britanny, 
ST. ERNEY. who spent some years in this south-eastern 
district of Cornwall. 
At St. Erney Church there is a service held twice every 
month, viz. : — On the morning of the first Sunday, and in the 
evening of the third Sunday. On one ot the bells of\this little 
Church there is an ancient inscription, which has been 
translated : — 

" The name of the bell Father Faral — O holy virgin of virgins -.pray for 
those who are punished in purgatory without being judged, that they 
may be the sooner liberated." 



LANDULPH. 

The name of tlie Church in olden records is some- 
ANCIENT times Lanlike, Landelek, Landulph or Landilp. 
. NAMES. In Domesday survey it is called Landeleck. 

Various meanings have been assigned to these 
names, such as the Church of the Lake, the Church of Burial, 
the Church of Eadulphus, the Church of St. Dilp, or the Church 
■of St. Electa. 

4 

The Church was dedicated to St. Dilph and St. 
PATRON Leonard. The latter is mentioned in a deed bearing 
SAINTS, date 1451, though in the second year of Queen 

Elizabeth's reign it is stated that St. Dilph held the 
more important position. 

There is a great deal of ornamental carved 
THE CHURCH, work in the Church ; but it certainly requires 

restoration, for which funds are now being 
collected. 



LANDUIiPH. 



141 




Photo bf/] 



LANnuLPll CHURCH. [C'iptd.hi L. Clung, LatDicefiton, 



The Church Tower has six good bells, which were re-cast in 
1770 by Anthony Pennington, and bear his name. On the walls 
of the lowest stage of the tower is this inscription : — 

"Near thh place Uph the Body of FUz Anthony Petuiington, Bell- Founder, 
of the parish of LezaM in -Corinrndl- xrhi^ depa:rted this life, April 30. t768 - 
Aetatis Stio:, 3S. 

Tho' Boistrous Winds and Billows sore. 

H:ith Tos'd me To and Fro ; 
By (^ocTs Decree in spite of both, 
I Rest now liere below." 



This Church is particularly noted for beingj^ 
MONUMENTS, tlie last known burial place of a male descend- 
ant of the Grecian Emperors of Constanti- 
nople, Theodore Pakuologus : and on a small Brass tablet is the 
following inscription : — 

"HERE LYETH THK UonV OF ThEODOKO PaI.KOLOGVS, 

OF PeSARO. in ItaI.YK. DKSCENDKl) FKOM Y K ImI'ERYIAL 
LYNE OF YE LAST ChKKSTIAN EmI'EROHS OF GUEKCE, 
BEING THK SONNE OF Ca.MII.IO, YK SONNE OF PROSrER, 
THE SONNK OF Tn KOnORo, THE SON^^E OF JolIN, YE 



142 venning's historical notices. 

SONNE OF Thomas, second brother to Constantine 
Paleologvs, the, 8th of that name, and Last of yt lyne yt 
raygned in constantinople. vntill sub- 
DEWED BY THE TVRKS, WHO MARRIED WTH. MaRY, 
YE DAVGHTER OF WiLLIAM BaLLS, OF HaDLYE, IN 

Suffolk, gent., & had isste a children, Theo- 

DORO, lOHN, FeRDINANDO, MaRIA & DOROTHY, & DE- 
P'TED THIS LIFE AT ClYFTON, YE 2]TH OF IaNVARY, 1636." 

Above the inscription are the imperial Arms of the Grecian 
Empire — an eagle displayed with two heads, the legs resting 
upon the gates of Rome and Constantinople ; between the gates a 
crescent for difference ; the whole surmounted by • the Imperial 
Orown. 

It is not known what became of two sons of this descendant', 
John and Ferdinando, but Theodore the eldest son who was a 
sailor, died on board the Charles II. in 1693. By his Will, 
made in the same year, he appears to have possessed real estate, 
■which was given to his wife Martha, but no <jhijdren are named. 
Dorothy the younger daughter was married at Landulph to 
William Arundell, in 1656, and died in 1681. Mary who was 
unmarried^ was buried at Landulph in 1674. In 1795 the vault 
in v^hich Theodore Paleologus was buried was accidentally 
opened. The coffin was found to be made entirely of oak, and the 
body was in such a perfect state as to show that he was in stature 
above the common height. His head was described as of a long 
oval form, with an aquiline nose, and a long white beard, reach- 
ing low on his breast. It is surmised that on account of the 
hostility towards the Greeks shown by Pope Paul V. and his 
successor Gregory XV., Theodore Paleologus sought a refuge in 
England. 

Possibly some of the inhabitants of Landulph are the descend- 
ants of Emperors of the East. 

In the Church at the east end of the south aisle is a massive 
marble tomb, which is inscribed : — • 

" Heere lyes Btu-ied the Bodyes of Si.r Nicholas Loioer, of Clifton in 
Limdvlph, in ComewulL Knight, ivho departed this life XVII daye of May, 
1655 ; aged 79 years and an halfe. And of Da.me hJlisabeth his ivife, who 
departed this life the VI day of lane, 1638 ,• aged 68 yeares and heere expect 
a glorious Resurrection" 

Two mural Brasses, over the Clifton pews, bear the following 
inscriptions : — 

" Here lyeth Bvried ye body of Sr. Nicholas Lower, of Clifton, Knight, 
(descended of the hovse of St. Winowe) the sonne of Thomas Lower 



LANDULPH. 143 



and lane his wife, one of the coheyres of Reskymer. who had issue six 
sonnes. viz. : — Sr. William Lower. Knight, deceased in Carmarthenshire. 
lohn Lower, the (said Sr. Nicholas Lower) Sir Francis Lower, Knight, 
Thomas Lower, deceased in LondoTi, and Alexander Lower. He married 
with Elizabeth, one of the Daughters of Sr. Henry Killegrve, of London, 
Kngt.. Dyed withovt issue, svrrendringe his sovie to his Redeemer, at 
Clifton, ye 17th of Maye. Ao. D ni IC);');')." 

'■ Heere lyeth bvried the body of Dame Elizabeth Lower, late wife 
vnto Sr. Nicholas Ijower, of Clil'ton, Kt.. Davgliter unto Sr. Henry Killi- 
grewe. of London. Kt., antieritly descended from ye liovse of Ai'wennick. 
in Cornwall, and from ye yovngest of the learned Davghtei's of Sr. 
Anthony Cooke. Kt.. a maide of honovr to Qveen lOlizabeth who for trew 
vertve, piety l^ learning, came notliing short (that [ may modestly speak) 
of any her Ancestors, and fo'- her singvlar covrtesie to all, & amiable 
subjection to her husband (a vertve rare and high) I thinke can hardly be 
match'd who deserves a far ampler character than can be Contained in so 
narrow a I'oome. She died at Clifton in Cornwall, the sixt day of Ivne in 
the yeare of ovr Lord, 1(538. and expects heere aCJIoriovs resurrection. 
(Arms on both brasses — Lower impaling Killigrew.)" 

"To the memory of Edward Amerideth. Rector of Landul])h in Corne- 
wall, who Married Alice, the Fourth daughter of William Kekewitch. of 
Catchfrench in Cornewall, Escjuier. wlio dei)arted this life viii of May, 
16G1, being Drowned in passing the Lyner. hee had Issue 3 Sons and 5 
daughters, and Lyes here buried." 

(Arms, — A Lion rampant impaling Kekewich.) 

"In memory of the best of parents, this monument is erected by the 
children of Moses and Mary Thomas. 

Moses Thomas, of Plymouth Dock, departed this life Jany. 11th, 1780; 
aged 71, and lies interred at the East end of the adjoining Churchyard. 

Near this place lies the body of Mary Thomas, who was born May 1st, 
1705 ; and died Octr. 11th. 1763. 

Also lays interred at the East end of this Churchyard, Francis Moses 
Thomas, son of the above M. Thomas, with his wife Sarah, and his four 
sisters. 

Also Sarah, daughter of the above Francis M. Thomas, who was most 
highly favoured, her exemplary piety shone conspicuous through all her 
actions. 

Also the Rev. Robert Burn, who married i\Iary. daughter of the above 
F. M. Thomas, wlio was for thirty years a faithful labourer in his ^Master's 
vineyard." 

" In memoi'v of Benjainin Siifll. lOsiir.. of Wiiylon, Captain ist. Uegt. 
Royal Cornwall Local Militia, who died on the 2iith day of August. 1831 ; 
aged 7i< j-ears. 

Also of Mary his wife, wlio died on the fourth day of January. 18114 ; 
aged K) years. 

This tablet is erected by their affectionate cliildrcn." 

We observed the following quaint inscription on a stone, 
fastened against the wall over one of the pews, which was en- 



14:4 venning's historical notices. 



graved by a Schoolmaster, who Hved at Stockadon, as a memorial 
of himself before his death ; the date when he died has been 
added, but his age is left blank. His family still inherit 
Stockadon. 

"A MEMORIALL. 

Here underneath One Buri'd was. 
Which kept A Schooll at Painter's-Cross : 
Wherein his dayes & Years were Spent 
Not for much Gaine. yet with content. 
This Parish was hee did live in, 
His PLace therein was Stockadon. 
He kept his Church & all things neat, 
And when therein Here was his Seat. 
GOD send you then Another such, 
Your Children well his lawes to teach. 
To him therefore that craves his name. 
This stone henceforth doth shew ye same. 

Alexander Moone, Obiit 
Anno Dom'i 1734 ; Aged years." 

In the belfry of the Church on a board against the wall, there 
is the following quaint rhyme, which is supposed to have been 
written by the Bell Founder, Anthony Pennington, about the 
year 1770, when the bells were hung : — 

•' Let awful silence first proclaimed be. 
And praise unto the Holy Trinity ; 
Then honour give unto our noble King, 
So with a blessing let us raise tliis ring. 
Hark how the chirping treble sings most clear. 
And covering Tom comes rowling in the rear ; 
And now the bells are up, come let us see 
What laws are best to keep sobriety. 
Who swears or curses, or in choleric mood 
Quarrels or strikes, altho' he draws no blood. 
Who wears his hat or spur, or o'erturns, a bell. 
Or by unskilful handling marrs a peal ; 
Let iiini ])ay sixpence for each single crime, 
'Twill make him cautious 'gainst another time. 
But if the Sexton's fault an hindrance be, 
We call from him a double penalty'. 
If any should our parson disrespect. 
Or warden's orders any time neglect. 
Let him be always held in full disgrace. 
And evermore be banished this place. 
So when the bells are ceased, then let us sing 
God bless the church, God save the King." 

Tlie communion plate is valuable : on a goblet 
ANTIQUITIES, or chalice is inscribed: "Ex dono Nichoi 

Lower de Clifton, Militis, ad Ecclesiam Lan- 
dulpii, 1631"; and on the cover, which might be used as a 



LANDULPH. 145 



patin : — " This Cover (and Com'union Cupp belonginge to itj was 
given by Sr. Nicholas Lower, Knt., to the Parish of Landulph, 
1641." On the cover are the arms of Lower and Eeskymer 
quarterly, impaling Killigrew. 

On another goblet is engra\ed : " Alexander Lower, Esq., of his 
Maties. body giueth this Cup & couer for Sacred Uses to ye 
Church of Landulph, in Cornwall, for ever, Anno Domni. 1641 "; 
and on the cover: — "This Cover belongeth to the Com'union 
Gup given by Alex. Lower, Esq., to the Church of Landulph, in 
Cornwall, 1641." Arms: — Lower quartering Eeskymer. 

" The inventorie of the ornaments and other thing^s of the said p'i'she 
of Landulph made by John Champlyn and Roger Hele, wardens ; and 
William Webbe. Peter Baylye, and WiUiam Hame, sydesmen, the fyrst 
day of Mail, and in the seconde yere of the rayne of our most gracious and 
drede Sovereign Ladye, Elizabeth, by the grace of God, Queue of England, 
France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c. 

The Quene's Majestie is patron of the said p'i'she. 

The parson is Sir Matthew Crues, and he serveth the said Cure himself. 
The next p'ishe Church is Boeflemy, and it is in distance toe myles. 
There are IIII bells wt. their clapers. There are II masse books and a 
manuell, and II processionalls, which were burnt at Saltayshe before Henry 
Chy verton and Sampson Mancton, esquiers. There were christened 8 men 
children sithens the feast of Saynte John the Baptist, which was in the 
yere of our Lord God 1558." 

In the churchyard is a granite shaft of a sundial, with the date 
1690 on it. 

This Chapel — as will be seen by our illustra- 
METHODISM. tion — is a neat little edifice for a small village, 

and a credit to the Callington Circuit. It is 
situated about a quarter-of-a-inile from the ancient village of 
Cargreen. There are no particularly striking incidents on 
record in connection with the early days of Methodism which 
was established here early in the last Century. The old chapel 
stood in the village of Cargreen ; the present building was 
erected in 1874, at a cost of £700. The erection of this new 
Chapel was hailed with delight by the Methodists and members 
of the Established Church alike, as owing to the strange conduct 
of the late Vicar of the parish large numbers of the parishioners 
refused to attend the services at the church. In 1893 a School- 
room and classrooms were built at a cost of £211. The land for 
the chapel was given by the late Mr. Eoberts, of Grove, and 
that for the school by his son, Mr. Eoberts, of St. Ann's. 
Among the earliest supporters of the cause at Landulph may be 
mentioned the names of Nanscawen, Dawe, Hoskin, Moyse, and 
Sleep. The Established Church and the Non-conformists in this 



146 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



parish, in the early days, appear to have worked on friendly 
terms, as it is recorded that a Mr; DuBstan, the village School- 
master, part of whose duty was to " play " the hand-organ in' the 
church, was a Methodist local preacher. ] The parish Clerk of 
that day was also a. Methodist. It is probable, however, that the 
services were arranged, so as not to clash. 




LANDULPH WESLEYAN CHAPEL. 



The Manor of Landulph or as it was anciently 
MANORS, called Landlipe, or Landiiylp, to which the living 

was annexed, is supposed to have passed from the 
family of De Pin to Sir William Dawney, in 1333. It afterwards 
was possessed by Sir John Dawney, and in 1372 was carried by 
marriage to Sir Edward Courtney, and remained in this family 
until 1539, when it was annexed to the Duchy of Cornwall by 
Henry VIII., and is still in their possession. 

Clifton, which was the residence of Theodore Paleologus (whose 
monument is now in the Church), was the seat of the Arundell 
family, and was built in 1500. It was sold by the Eev. F. V. J. 



LEWANNICK. 



147 



Arundell, late Eector of this parish, to John Tillie Coryton, Esq. ; 
and the present owner is Wilhani Coryton, Esq., of Pentillie. The 
mansion, with its hall, tower, cemetery and chapel have been 
swept away, and a farm-house built on its site. 

Park was some time since the residence of George Cotsford 
Call, Esq., brother of Sir William Pratt Call, Bart. 

Ellbridge which was a manor, and variously called Tellbridge, 
or Thelbridge, and in Domesday Book Telbrig, was held under 
the Earl of Cornwall, by Reginald de Valletort, and afterwards 
under the Manor of Ashtorre. After passing through various 
hands it came to the Clarks of Halton, St. Dominick, and now 
Mr. W. Nanscawen is the proprietor. 

Bittleford, which was the seat of the Skelton family, so far 
back as 1500, is also the property of W. Coryton, Esq. 



LEWANNICK. 

Tonkin says the right name of this parish was 

ANCIENT Lanwennock ; it was also called Lawaneck, 

NAMES. Lewanecke, and Lawannick, which, according 

to Bannister, signifies " The Church upon or 
near the Marsh," " Monks' Church," and " St. Wednock's 
Church." 

The Church, which was dedicated to St. 
THE CHURCH. Martin, is a building of local freestone in the 

Perpendicular style, consisting of chancel, 
nave of five bays, aisles, north and south porches and an em- 
battled western tower with pinnacles containing 6 bells, cast in 
1767 and re-cast after the late fire. The Church was destroyed 
by fire on January 11th, 1890, but has since been rebuilt on the same 
plan as the former edifice, at a cost of nearly £2,000, under the 
direction of Mr. Otho B. Peter, F.R.I.B.A., of Launceston, and 
was re-opened on November 1 1th, of the same year. A monument 
to Ezekiel Arscott, ob. i68i2, witli numerous memorials of later date 
to the families of Archer, Cundy and others, were all destroyed 
by the fire, together with the bench ends, many of which were 
of ancient carved oak. The chancel retains an ancient piscina 
and aumbry and there are 180 sittings. The register of baptisms 
dates from the year 1660 ; marriages, 1775 ; burials, 1738. 



148 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 




Photo hlj'\ 



LEWANNICK CHURCH. 



Haymaii, Launceston. 



Before the fire the Church was mainly seated with 
THE FIRE, very ancient oak benches; on the end of one 

nearest to the south porch was the date 1546. 
They were richly carved throughout, somewhat similar to those 
now to be seen at Altarnun Church, which were done about the 
same time. On one or two of the bench ends, in the north aisle, 
was the monogram A.U., i.e., Arthur Upton, of Upton, in this 
parish. 

The Bells, which were also greatly damaged by the fire, were 
re-cast by Mears and Stainbank, in 1890. The original bells were 
cast by the Penningtons, in 1767, who were noted bell-founders, 
and resided in the adjoining parish of Lezant. Each bell had an 
inscription as follows : — 

1 — •' I call all ye to follow me. Penningtons, Makers, 1767." 

2 — ''God preserve the Church. I.P., F.A.P., (Fitz Anthony Penning- 
ton) 1767." 

:-5— " God save the King. I.P., F.A.P., 1767." 

4 — " Penningtons cast us all, 1767." 

5— ''Charles Bedfcid, Yicar. D. Cundv, junr.. T.Bant.- C.W IP, 
F.A.P., 1767." 

6 — '■ I call the quick to Church, & Dead to Grave. Swete-Nicholas- 
Archer, Esqr., 1767," 



LEWANNICK. 149 



In the Churchwardens' accounts of this parish for 1767, are 
the following entries : — 

" Mr. Pennington, towards running the New Bells, £30 Os. Od." 

" Do., more for addition of Bell Metal, <> cwt. 25 lbs. at 

Six pounds per hundred, Mb 1 7s. Ud." 

Before the fire the arms of Upton and Tresithney, were dis- 
played in the east window of the north aisle. On the exterior 
of the east end of the same aisle were the arms of Trecarrel 
carved in granite. He is supposed to have been a generous 
benefactor to the Church. There was also standing on a low 
detached column a circular block of wrought granite, perforated 
with seven holes, said to have been used for holding the seven 
symbolical candles. 

Although nearly all the monuments and 
MONUMENTS, inscriptions in the interior of the Church 

were destroyed by the fire in 1890; yet we 
are enabled by having a previous record of tliem to preserve them 
in history, which we give for the benefit of the relatives and 
descendants of the families concerned. Amongst those destroyed 
was the following to Ezekiel Arscott : — 

" Rise enobled Cerean, & religeous gent, by birth, by life, by death. 
Semel calcanda via lethi. 

here lies interred a saint that lived to dy : 

and being dead yet lives eternally. 

what though ezechiel liere under ly, 

yet arscot's soal is soard above ye sky. 

what though strong death made his weak body yeeld 

yet israel's strength caused liini to win ye feeld 

he always led liis life as one prepar'd to dy ; 

hees dead yet lives to shine perpetually, 

Buried on the -h-d dinj nf Jul;/, Jjmi Poiti. 10S2." 

There were also several monuments and tablets to the Archer 
family, inscribed : — 

•MEMORIyE SACRUM. 

In the vault adjoining the north wall of this Church are deposited the 
Remains of Edward Archer. Escp-., of Trelaske in this Parish, Obiit 11th 
November, 1«02 ; ^t. 60. 

Theophila, wife of Edward Archer. Ubt. iiDth April. 17^8 ; ^t. 42. 
Dorothy Ayre, wife of Samuel Archer, Esqr., Obt. 7th May, 1797 ; Mt. 39. 

Jane Archer, daughter of Samuel Archer. Esqr., Obt. 12th June, 1818 ; 
^t. 28. 

Samuel Archer, Esq. of Trelaske in this Parish, Obt. 6th June. 1822 : 
^t. 77." 



150 venning's historical notices. 

" Adjoining the north wall of this Church are deposited the remains of 
the Revd. Samuel Archer, vicar of this parish ; Obiit January Dth, 1831 ; 
^t. 36. 

Edward Archer. Esq.. of Trelaske in this parish ; Obiit May 16th> 
1834 ; ^t. 42. 

William his son ; Obiit March 23rd. 1832 ; ^t. 19 months." 

■• Sacred to the memory of Jane, the beloved wife of the Revd. Charles 
H. Archer, and daughter of William Rashleigh. of Menabilly, Esqr. ; who 
died at Menabilly, Oct. 23rd. 1854 ; in the 31st year of her age. Her 
remains are interred in the family vault of her ancestors at Tywar- 
dreath." 

'• In memory of William Vospcr, Esqr., Barrister at law, who fell asleep 
in Jesus April 5th, 1855 ; aged 51. 

His end was peace. 

Also Eliza widow of the above, and wife of the Revd. W. Tare, who wa^ 
suddenly removed to^iei' heavenly home, .November 5th, 1867 ; aged 64. 

Wisely waiting for her Lord." 

'■' In the Churchyard are aioDuments which bear the following 

inscriptions : — 

"Here lyeth tlie body of Richard Wadge of this parish, yeoman, who 
was buried the tilth day of June, in ye year of our Lord 1740, and in the 
78th year of his age. 

Here lyes the dear remains of one. 
Who loved all. and injured none. 
So honest pious and so kind 
He's left but few such here behind. 
He served three Masters with all care ; 
In Sundays onl}' full eight year. 
And now he's gone entom'd in dust 
To rise in glory with the just. 

Johaituex Wells, Sculp., 1740." 

In memory of one Richard Spear and^ his two sons there is 

the following epitaph : — 

" Almighty God with age hath brought me here 
To lodge in grave with my 2 children dear. 
The father and 2 sons entom'd do lie 
Who feared God and lived in unity 
The Young Men's life was short like to a span 
Their father lived in years near 81 
Their good fame the actions of the just 
From youth to age shall blossom in the dust." 

It was not until 1810 that the Chapel at 

METHODIST Trevadlock Cross in this parish was commenced, 

HISTORY. but the history of Methodism in Lewannick, 

both before and after its erection, is deeply 
interesting, and we are enabled to give a summary of the most 



liEWANNIOKi 151 



important events in order of date, in connection with this place 
of worship 

The first Methodist Prayer Meetings were conducted in the 
house of a Shoemaker, named Evans, in the year 1805. One 
of the earliest to introduce Methodism into Levvannick was 
" Uncle Will Downing," to whom we refer in connection with 
Methodism in Linkinhorne, who with Mr. William Dingley, 
of Knighton, would walk to Lewannick at the close of the day, 
to hold a Prayer Meeting in the Shoemaker's Cottage. The 
Clergyman of the parish, named George Mangles, was violent in 
his opposition to Methodism, and threatened to withdraw his 
custom from the Shoemaker, if he harboured the Methodists. 
The Shoemaker accordingly intimated to his friends that he 
could not receive them any longer, nor consent for the meetings 
to be held there. About tlie year 1806 the Methodists hired a 
room, in Lewannick village, of a Widow named Peter, for £4 
per annum. The Clergyman again interfered, and offered the 
owner £14 a year if he would let the house to him. The offer 
was accepted, and both the Widow and the Methodists w6^e 
turned out of the house. In 1807 a farmer named Reginald 
Jenkin allowed them to have an old cottage, Vv'hich he rented of 
another party, and the Methodists fitted it up for a place of 
worsliip. In doing this, the tenant permitted alterations, that 
were not allowable by law. The Clergyman sent to Plymouth; 
employed a Lawyer, and Jenkin was told that he would be 
prosecuted unless he gave forty shillings worth of bread to the 
poor, and turned out the Wesleyans from the cottage. This he 
agreed to, saying " I do not like Law, and the bread would do 
good to tlie poor." About this time a Class was formed. Mr. 
Jasper was the Leader, and the Meetings were preceded by a 
Preaching Service. Mr. Webb, of Wisewandra, was the first to 
preach in the place. Driven from place to place, the little band 
of men and women did not know where next to go, and the 
power of persecution threatened to crusli the work. ; 

in 1808, God put it into the heart of John Naiiscawen Dawe 
and Grace his wife, of Trevadlock, to allow the Methodists the 
use of an unoccupied room, at the east end of their dwelling- 
house, whicii was prepared and adapted as a place of Religious 
Worship. Mr. Dawe being a yeoman, and tlie house his own 
property, neither Parson nor Lawyer could molest the people, who 
now with thankful hearts found a Sanctuary. But the foe was 
still active. The Clergyman being powerless to repeat his former 
actions, in a vindictive spirit resolved to bring ruin on Mr Dawe 
and his lamily. He said : " If it had not l>een for Dawe, at 



152 venning's historical notices. 

Trevadlock, I should have driven the Methodists out of the 
parish. I'll ruin him, however; I'll break composition for Tithes, 
and take them in kind." 

The following notice was therefore served : — 

"Mr. Jno. Nanscawen Dawe. 

I hereby give you notice to set out and account to me from the first 
day of March next ensuing for your Vicarial Tithes in kind of all the 
Lands and premises which you do now, or shall then occupy, or farm in the 
parish of Lewannick, in the County of Cornwall, as all Composition for 
such Tithes will be determined and expired on that day. And 1 here- 
by inform you that I appoint the place for your giving notice of setting 
out such Tithes to be at the Vicarage House at Lewannick aforesaid, there 
to be delivered or left with or for me, or for my agent, whom I shall for 
that purpose nominate. 

Witness my hand this 30th day of August, 1810. 

^ Geo. Mangles. Vicar. 

Witnessed by Geo. Smith." 

The Parson knew his power in this way, not only to subject the 
worthy yeoman to trouble and great unpleasantness under spiteful 
circumstances, but also to effect his ruin. For taking the Tithe 
in kind, allowed the Parson an opportunity of taking costly legal 
proceedings if the Tithe was not rigidly exact. Mr. Dawe, how- 
ever, could do nothing to prevent it, and preparation was made 
accordingly. But God is above man, and before the Tithe could 
be taken the Parson died suddenly ; and the notice, therefore, was 
rendered void. The Methodists remained undisturbed, and Mr. 
Dawe, as a thank-offering to God, offered them a piece of 
ground for a Chapel and £10 as a donation. The offer was 
accepted, and the- Lewannick Methodists began to build. 

During the erection of the Chapel, the Rev. William Beal 
conducted an open-air service on the site, and a man on the 
opposite side of the road, who owned that land, standing on the 
hedge, uttered imprecations and exclamations, saying : " Now 
you are going to build a conventicle so near my property, I shall 
not be able to keep either a duck or a fowl." The Chapel was 
opened for Divine worship on Good Friday, 1811. Methodism 
prospered and " Varley Cross" Chapel — as it was commonly 
called — was enlarged in size in 1849. The date remains and 
is still preserved on a slate tablet over the entrance porch, with 
the words " Methodist Chapel, 1810." An old window made in 
the same year when the Chapel was first built may still be seen 
fixed in the adjoining Schoolroom. 

The Opening Services, after the Chapel was enlarged, were 
conducted, on September 28th, 1849, morning and evening, by the 



liEWANNICK. 



153 



Hev. Dr. Beaumont, who travelled from London during the 
previous night. The Kev. Wilham Beal, who preached on the 
site of the first chapel, preached in the afternoon. Crowds 
attended, and the Divine blessing attended the services in an 
eminent degree. In 1886, the Chapel was re-seated, the School- 
room enlarged and new Vestries built, and the Re-opening 
Services were conducted by the Eev. J. S. Pawlyn, on Septem- 
ber 28th, in the same year. 

One of the most useful women connected with Lewannick 
Methodism since the erection of this Chapel was Miss Jane 
Wevill. "Aunt Jennie," as she was called, was born at 
Trekernel. In her early days she attended Church. Her 
father shared with others in the neighbourhood hostility to 
Methodism, and thought the people were followers of the false 
prophet mentioned in the Bible. On the occasion of his visit to 
England, in 1817, the Rev. Gideon Ousley preached at Northhill 
Ohapel, and he was entertained at Trekernel. When at family 
prayer he prayed that the head of the house might always be 
favourably disposed towards the Methodists, and implored the 
Divine blessing on all the family. This prayer was afterwards 
answered. Miss Wevill attended the Methodist Prayer Meetings 
at Trevague, Altarnun and Lewannick. Her father had not yet 
•changed his opinion of the Methodists, and he forbade her 
connection with them, on pain of expulsion from his house. 
After removing to Trevell, Miss Wevill left the house one evening 
to attend the Class Meeting in Lewannick Village. As she 
passed up the lane she felt depressed. The remembrance of her 
father's threats prompted the doubt as to whether she was doing 
right in disobeying him. At once she resolved to pray about it, 
and kneeling down on the road by the hedge, she sought Divine 
guidance, when she seemed to hear a voice speaking to her the 
words "This is the way, walk ye in it." Siie went on to the 
meeting, feeling she was in tlie path of duty. The hostility of 
her father soon after began to soften, and tlie whole family of 
seven brothers and sisters were savingly converted, and joined 
the Wesleyans. Miss W^evill did good service to Methodism. 
She had a strong will and a well trained mind, and devoted her- 
self to Christian work with much success. After her daily 
duties at home she addressed persons when she met them on 
the question of their soul's salvation. She would go first to 
visit the sick and to speak of Clunst to the dying. She visited 
the Clergyman who was dying, and her prayers by his bedside 
were blessed to the salvation of his soul. She had charge of a 
female class at Lewannick. Her power in jn-ayer was remark- 



154 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



able ; her nature was kind and beneficent, and while seeking to 
bless souls she opened her hand to relieve the temporal wants of 
her neighbours. 

"Thomas Dickens Wakeni was another devoted Lewannick 
Methodist. It is recorded that lie joined the Society in 1826, 
and was appointed Class Leader at Northhill in 1841, and 
preached his trial sermon as a Local Preacher at Altarnun, from 
the text " Look unto me, and be ye saved all the ends of the 
earth." Many will remember his portly form, his pleasant face,, 
his hair cut close round his brow, his musical voice, his tearful 
eye, his Cornish accent, and his mighty Gospel sermons. As a 
preacher he was greatly appreciated by all, and as a man 
universally respected. He left behind him an unblemished 
reputation, and his dust awaits the resurrection of the just in 
the graveyard attached to Trevadlock Cross Chapel. 




TREVADLOCK CROSS WESLEYAN CHAPKL. 



Both Miss Wevill and Mr. Wakem were well known to me in 
my youthful days. I often came in contact with them in going tO' 



LEWANNIOKi ... , . t . . , , i 15& 



and from the Wesleyan Day School at Trevadlock Cross, held in 
the Schoolroom in connection with the Chapel. All the educa- 
tion I ever received was in this little country school by the road- 
side, and here I had to leave when 12 years of age, as the family 
were dispersed on account of the death of our parents. 



REMINISCENCES OF MY SCHOOL DAYS. 

"Twas at the old School of Trevadlock Cross, 
Some lessons I learnt of "■ Profit and Loss ;" 
Here by the roadside I often used to i)hiy, 
And spent many happy hours of childhood's day. 

. No wonder one feels to revere the spot, , , 

And think oft of old scenes not soon forgot ; 
Of the manj- friends and familiar faces 
That once gathered here from various places. 

But Oh ! What has become of them since then .' 
Some have grown to either women or men ; 
Whilst others alas ! their dust and ashes lie 
In the silent '"God's Acre" that's so near by. 

Many more have gone to a foreign soil, 
But others have been left at home to toil ; 
Some have sailed safe o'er the stormy sea of life, 
Others have sunk in the surging waves of stiife. 

The Masters who taught us I can recall. 
There's Madrum, Frederick, and also Hall ; 
Only a few of the scholars I can mind. 
Or where they reside now I cannot well find : 

Amongst them were the Dawes, Peters and Dunn, 
And in our childish games we had such fun ; 
The Wevills and Turners. Kittow. Orylls and Prout. 
Such a host of others — their names are left out. 

I think of those days with their mirthful glee, 
To vvliich the soul looks back^a glimpse to see ; 
For nigh forty yeais have glided past since then : 
The days can never be (juite the same again. 

The i)ast sheds an influence on life's way ; 

Its memories are helpful for to-day. 

And manhood's experience of "Profit and Loss;" 

Makes me prize tiie old School of Trevadlock Cross. 

JAMES VENNING. 

We are enabled to give in Chronological order the dates of 
leading events aiifecting Methodism in or near Lewannick, by the 
courtesy of Mr. John Dawe, of Trevadlock, who has published 
them in pamplilet form. Mr. Dawe is still a hale old man, now 
in his eiglitteth yeai", and was well-known in the commercial 
world of East Cornwall for many years as a Land-Surveyor and 
Auctioneer, Sec, until he retired from business about 15 years 



156 VENNING's HISTOKICAL NOTICES. 



since. Mr. Dawe's ancestors were the means of establishing 
Methodism at Trevadlock and Trevadlock Cross, and helped to 
build the Chapel amid persecution and opposition from various 
sources. His family to-day are among the warmest supporters 
of this place of worship, which has .been. open for over 90 years. 

Chronicle of events in Methodism affecting Lewannick, pub- 
lished by Mr. J. Dawe, of Trevadlock : — 

'■ 1785. Rev. Adam Clarke preached at Botternel and Trelabe, then Dock 
Circuit. 

1794. Dock Circuit divided and Launceston Circuit formed. 

1799. Some Services held at Polyphant by Itinerating Methodists. 

1805. Prayer Meetings held at Lewannick, at the house of a Shoemaker, 

who being threatened by the Vicar, turned the Methodists out. 

1806. Part of the House near the Church Gate was rented, a Class formed 

and Services held, but the Vicar took the house at double rent 
and the Methodists had to go. 

1807. Cottage obtained from Reginald Jenkin (tenant of Hodges) for Ser- 

vices, but he had to face a Lawsuit or turn out the Methodists 
and give 40 shillings worth of bread to the poor, which was 
done. 

1808. Part of a Farm House at Trevadlock obtained from John Nan- 

scawen Dawe, for regular Services. 

1810. Dawe had notice from the Vicar to deliver his Tithes in kind, but 
the Vicar came to an untimely end, and the notice was there- 
fore void. 

1810. Chapel begun, the Rev. W. Beal preached on the Site instead of at 

Trevadlock. Several other Chapels begun about this time. 

1811. Chapel opened for worship, on Good Friday, Debt £250. 
1834. Debt reduced to £150. 

1836. Cottage built for Chapel Keeper. 

1837. Sunday School begun in Chapel, John Wevill and Edward Wevill 

first Superintendents. 

1844. Burial ground provided. 

1846. Schoolroom built and Day School established. 

1848. The memorable Great Revival, the Society quadrupled, and it 

extended to the neighbouring places, no falling off for 4 years. 

1849. Chapel enlarged and opened on 28th Septeniber, by the Rev. Dr. 

Beaumount and Rev. W. Beal — a Glorious Day — Debt not 
increased. 

1852. W. Fidler, Superintendent, who decimated the Society. 

1856. New Stable provided. 

1868. North-hill Circuit formed. 

1869. Chapel seriously damaged by lightning. 

1870. Arrangements made for clearing off the old Debt. 



LEWANNICK. 



157 



1874. Day School taken by the School Board. 

1886. Schoolroom enlarged, and new Vestries built, and Chapel new seated, 

re-opened September 28th, — free. 

1887. New Chapel erected at Polyphant, with a Burial Ground, and freed 

in two years. 

1897. Hot Water Apparatus supplied for the whole premises at Tre- 
vadlock Cross Chapel. 

1899. Chapel renovated and re-opened September 28th, as a Jubilee 
Celebration of the former enlargement." 

We wish that in other places the records of Methodist History 
had been preserved as in the case of Lewannick, the Publisher 
would not then have had the trouble to procure even such scanty 
information as he has obtained of olden times respecting some 
places. In some instances no events or dates are preserved at 
all. In the case of a large Chapel — the illustration of which is- 
given in this book— erected within the last 50 years, not even 
the year of its erection was remembered by some of the oldest 
leading members of the Society. The same will apply to many 
other local mattei's. 

ANCIENT The boundaries of this parish are thus given 

BOUNDARIES, in an ancient register : — 

'•A.D. 1613. — This parish is bounded on the north side with ye river 
Innye from the lower end of a close called ye North Down adjoining ye 
Parish of Alternon. unto a lake running between Trewinna and Lenoy, 
at ye east end of ye said Parish of Lewanick, where the said lake 
falleth into the said river ; excepting one little plot of land belonging 
unto Peter Lower, Esq.. lying on ye north side of ye said river. 

From ye foot of ye said lake it is bounded towards the west with a 
valley unto a Close of one Alice Guest, commonly called Waterlarid. 
From thence towards the south a bound stone standing in Jolin Cral)l)'s 
hedge, adjoining to the higliway, and so by Penventon Well unto a lake 
that falleth into the east corner of Tenihorne Moor. From thence the 
said lake hounds between Northhill and Lewanick to Saml. Lyne's Ham, 
where it falls into the river called Lynner, which bounds Northhill and 
Lewanick unto ye west end of ye tenement of one John Upton, (ieiit., 
at a place there called the Teenets. From the said Teenets unto ye high- 
way adjoining to ye west end of one close of Land of ye said John 
Upton's, called North Park, and so from thence ye lane bounds it unto 
the lower corner of John Young's Down on the west side. From the said 
corner unto Trevel Down,— from thence unto Cargelly Gate. From 
Cargelly Gate unto the lower end of Robert Bray's Down Meadow, 
ailjoiniiig to Cargelly. wlicn aiiotlier caileil Innye bounds the same unto 
the higher end of H.iU Park .Meadow. From the higher end of Hall Park 
Meadow unto a cross lane called Bowden Corner ; and from thence to ye 
aforsaid river Innye running at the lower end of ye North Down above 
said." 



158 venning's historical notices. 



Trelaske is the chief place of interest and 
TRELASKE. antiquity in the parish, and is the Trelosch of 

Domesday, and was then held by Offels in the 
reign of the Confessor ; and was taxed for one virgate of land. 

In 1242 Trelaske was held by Sir Roger Treloske, who was 
succeeded by Sir Andrew Treloske, and has ever since been held 
by descendants of the family, the present proprietor, C. Gordon 
Archer, Esq., being descended by marriage from the Uptons, of 
Upton in this parish. In 1311 it passed by marriage with the 
heiress to John Mules, of the family of Lord Mules or De Moels, 
•who styled himself Dominus de Trelosk. His descendant, 
Margaret Mules, by marriage with John Upton or Uppeton, of 
Upton, in the reign of Richard II., carried the manor into that 
family. It remained in their possession, as appears by the 
ancient manor i"oHg as lords thereof till 1541, when Thomas 
Uppeton, the then lord, granted it — styling it Treloske Hall — 
to Nicholas Lower and Jane his wife, daughter and co-heiress of 
the said Thomas Uppeton. The Lowers resided at Trelaske for 
five generacions. In 1702 it was purchased by John Addis, 
grandfather of Swete-Nicholas Archer, who in 1741 removed to 
it as the family seat from Trelewack, in St. Ewe. 

Swete-Nicholas Archer, son of John Archer, of Trelewack and 
Trelaske, and Sarah his wife — daughter and co-heiress of John 
Addis, of Whiteford, sheriff in 1758 — married Anne, daughter of 
Francis Bassett, of Tehidy, grandfather of Lord de Dunstanville ; 
"but dying without issue, he was succeeded by his nephew, 
Edward Archer, sheriff in 1794, who died in 1802, and was 
succeeded by his brother, Colonel Samuel Archer. At his death, 
in 1822, the estates came to his eldest son, Edward, who 
married Charlotte Catherine, only daughter of Charles Harward. 

Edward Archer, dying in 1834, was succeeded by his son 
Edward, who married in 1838, Sarah Lydia, eldest daughter of 
the Rev. Walter Radcliffe, of Warleigh House, Tamerton Foliot, 
and had with other issue Charles Gordon Archer, Esq., who is 
the present proprietor and a County magistrate. 

The Archers came into England with William of Normandy, 
and the name is found in the Battle Abbey Roll. It has been 
variously written as Le Archer or Archard. 

The family arms are — Sable a chevron engrailed argent between 
three pheons ; or, Crest — a quiver full of arrows proper. 

Trelaske Manor is well wooded, and the scenery is picturesque. 
It is surrounded by the River Inney on the north and east. 
There are the remains of an ancient Danish encampment in the 



J 



LEWANNICK. 



159 



wood, and also a spring on the barton known as " Joan's Pitcher," 
which is said to be good for the cure of sore eyes. The view from 
Trelaske Beacon, which is the highest point in the parish, is 
magnificent. The whole range of Tors from Eoughtor to Caradon; 
may be seen rising in rapid succession one after the other, in- 
•cluding Brown Willie, Trewartha Tor, Cheesewring, Sharptor, 
Hawkstor, and Kilmar ; whilst from another direction Dartmoor 
Hills are plain to the naked eye, and nearly 20 parish Churches 
■are visible by the aid of a glass. 

Upton is next to Trelaske in point of interest, and 
UPTON, was anciently for a long period the property and 

residence of a family of that name. Jolin Upton of 
this place died in 1140, and was succeeded by his son Andrew, 
who died in 1170. The estate fell to his son Hamlyn, who married 
the daughter and heir of Sir Andrew Treloske, of Trelaske in this 
parish, son and heir of Sir Roger Treloske of the same place. 
Hamlyn Upton died in 1218, and was succeeded at Upton by his 
son Edward, who died in 1284. He was succeeded by his sort 
Richard, who left issue John Upton, who in the reign of Richard 
XL, married Margaret Mules, and left a son Thomas who suc- 
ceeded him. This Thomas Upton married Johanna, or Joan, 
daughter of the celebrated Sir John Trelawny, and left issue 
three sons and three daughters. Two of the sons bore the name 
of John. The first John left one child, William, who died 
in 1478 leaving no issue, and left to his uncles, William Upton, 
senior, and John Upton, all his lands of Uppetoun, Trewynne, 
Hayes, Treswen, and Penventown, for ever. The second John, 
who was the third son, married in 1460, and died in 1489, and 
left issue. After various family descents the estate came to two 
daughters, co-heiresses, Margaret Upton and Jane Upton, who 
both intermarried with members of the Lower family of Polscoe, 
St. Winnow. One of these daughters had Trelaske as her 
marriage portion. 

At what date the Uptons parted with their ancient seat of 
Upton is not known ; but it is clear from the terrier of the parish 
before given that one of the family, namely, John Upton, was in 
possession of the estate in 1613 ; the closes of land there alluded 
to as "the Teenets," being still known by that name. It was 
sold by Peter Wadge to the ancestor of Francis Rashleigh Rodd, 
the present proprietor. Upton has been occupied for the last 30 
years by the Venning family, and for two or three generations 
previously it was held by members of the Vosper family. Both 
families are relatives and ancestors of the Publisher. 



160 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICKS. 



The Manor of Polyphant, the Polefand and 
POLYPHANT. Polofant of the Domesday Books was held by 

Uluric in the Confessor's days, and has been 
for many ages vested in the Incuinbent of Minster. 

"In Maj% 1339, Bishop Grandisson certified in his return to the king's 
writ, that the prior de la Mhiatre was taxed pro temporalitate apiid Poli- 
fount at xxs." 

Tinney Hall, anciently Kenny Hall, formerly belonged to the 
family of Beaumont. 

Trewanta Hall, formerly the seat of W. Hocken, is now the 
property of W. Day-Hanson, Esq. It is no longer a seat, not 
having been occupied as such since the decease of Daniel Cundy 
in 1842. The initials and date, " H.I.M., 1722," are on the wall 
over the entrance door. 

Knighton, anciently Netherton, is the pleasant residence of 
Mr. Eichard Luskey. 

The Manor of Trevell has been dismembered. The estate of 
that name is the property of Mr. William Wevill, of Launceston. 

At the Churchtown there stands the shaft of an ancient but 
mutilated cross, and at Trelaske the head of another. 



LEZANT. 




Photo by] 



LEZANT CHURCH. 



[ IJai/iitaii. Lauucento}!. 



LEZANT. •- ■ .. 161 



The Church of Lansante {i.e. Holy Church) was 

THE dedicated to St. Briocus, September 25th, 1259. It 

CHURCH, comprises a chaucel, nave, north and south aisles 

and a vestry. Thp. church of St. Breoke is an ancient 
building of granite and freestone, in the Perpendicular style, con- 
sisting of chancel with aisles, nave, aisles, south porch and an 
embattled western tower, with octagonal battlemented turrets 
and crocketed pinnacles, containing six bells ; the chancel retains 
the ancient piscina and an aumbry, and there is a piscina in the 
south aisle ; the rood stairs remain. The south window in the 
chancel is a Memorial to Thomas and Caroline Phillipps, 
erected in 1871. The church was restored in 1869, and has 222 
sittings. The register dates from the year J 539. 

iMz-kviiiMCMxc Among the Monuments in the Church are the 
mOINUMblNlb. foiio^,ing._ 

" Here lieth ye bodies of John Mills and Johan his wife, the eldest daughter 

of Thomas Spoiire and Anne his wife, daughter and sole heir unto Nicholas 

Trebartha. of Trehartha ; lohich .John and Johan deceasinge together in the 

feaste if Pentecost, were buried in one grautt the 11th daij of March, in Anno 

Domini 1573. God grant them a joyful resurrection.^' 

Arms.— Spoure quartering Trebartha. 

There is an altar tomb of carved slate to the Trefusis family. 

"This marble monument faiere though it be, 
Trefusis, yet is farre vnfit for thee ; 
'Vnfit, because vnlike tliis liard heyune stone. 
Thou meek and mild, incidions unto none ; 
This base as l^eynge, if traced out of earth ; 
Thou generous by descent, of ancient birth ; 
And which is most, this fraile and ever wastinge ; 
But thou eternall now and ever lastinge. 
Only herein this tomb seems like to thee, 
As this, so thou in church still lovest to be. 

The soules of those whose bodies thus ar spent. 
Seated above the starry firmament. 
Have gayncd astate more permanent & sure. 
Let him (that ho])es to have his howse, indure 
For ever) build it there, where death nor fate 
Shall alter or determine his estate." 

Arms. — Trefusis impaling Coryton. 

On the south wall are the effigies of a man and children in the 
attitude of devotion and the recumbent figure of a woman. 

There is a Latin inscription to the Rev. Thomas Snell, A.M., 
who was Rector of this parish for 30 years, and died September 
23rd, 1670. 



162 venning's histoeical notices. 

Marble and other monuments are inscribed as follow : — 

" In memory of the Rev. Charles Mayson. D.D., son of the Rev. Peter 
Mayson, M.A., whom he succeeded in the Rectory of Lezant, July 3Ist, 
1784. Born at Frome in Somersetshire, he there under the instruction of 
his father, an able and judicious master, laid the foundation of those 
attainments which he cultivated and exercised as Fellow and Tutor of 
Wadham College in Oxford. In after life he was distinguished as a 
magistrate by an acute and vigorous understanding, a steadfast loyalty, 
an inflexible love of Justice, and an ardent desire of promoting the Pablic 
Good. As a neighbour, a master, a husband, and a friend, he was hospit- 
able, kind, affectionate, and sincere. 

As minister of this parish he zealously preached what he firmly 
believed, and diligently practised the pure doctrines and precepts of the 
Gospel. Having endured a long and jiainful illness with Christian 
resignation and hope, he died on the 14th day of January, 1815 ; in the 
63d year of his age." 

"In memory of Henry Austen, S.T.P., Rector of Lezant, in Cornwall, 
aW Prebendary of the prebend of Stratton, in the County of Dorsett, 
who putt on immortality the 'Jth day of January, Anno Domini, 1729." 

" Sacred to the memory of the late Reverend Thomas Meyrick, B.A., 
.of Carthamartha in this parish, rector of Covenham St. Mary, Lincoln- 
shire, second son of the late Reverend Owen Lewis Meyrick, rector of 
Holsworthy, Devon, and descendant of the bouse of Bodorgan in Anglesea. 

Fully conscious of the account he must give of the souls committed to 
his care, he discharged his duties with unremitting zeal for nearly forty 
years. 

His bequests to various societies for the relief of the poor were large 
and extensive. 

He was a man of classical and general learning. His private character 
was marked by strict integrity and upright principles. 

He bore an illness of three years with fortitude and religious resigna- 
tion. He departed this life May 27th, 1841 ; aged 66 years. Requiescat 
in pace." 

A slate tablet attached to the south wall on the outside is 
inscribed : 

" Near this place lyeth the body of Fitz-Anthony Pennington, who was 
buried the 26th day of January, Anno Domini 1690. Also John, his son 
was buried here the first day of September, A.D. 1676." 

In the chancel, which is richly ornamented and decorated, 
there is a coloured window representing the Crucifixion and the 
Last Supper, and a tablet with this inscription : — 

" To the glory of God and in memory of John Simmons Tregoning, of 
Landue, born April 26th, 1814, died March 31st, 1878, and of Elizabeth 
Avery Tregoning, his wife, born July 3, 1806, died October 20th, 1843. 
This window and chancel decorations are dedicated 1883." 



LEZANT. 163 



Although there is not any account in Wesley's 
METHODISM, Journal of his visit to this parish, yet it is 

stated that he preaclied in a room at Trebithick. 
There are two ladies of the name of Budge now living in 
Callington, who say that they were informed in their younger 
days by their grandmother, who died in her 94th year, that they 
were both born in the same house, and one of them in the same 
room where John Wesley preached. 

In 1810 a Trust was formed at Trebullett, in this parish, and 
a Plot of Ground, in Russell's Meadow, with a Methodist Meeting 
House belonging to Mr. John Husband, yeoman, were transferred, 
and became the property of the Wesleyans. How long before 
this date the Meeting House existed cannot be discovered. John 
Husband was an old Methodist in 1810, and for many years had 
furthered the cause. In the days of Adam Clarke he attended 
the preaching at Launceston, and his burly form might have 
been seen standing by the youthful minister in the streets, and 
once when a rotten egg came whizzing through the air in close 
proximity to Adam Clarke's head, John Husband, with much 
cleverness, caught it in his hand and saved the preacher from 
the stinking missile. At the age of 67, John Husband died, and 
was buried in the ground adjoining the Meeting House. In 
"Gilbert's History of Cornwall" there is the following record: 
— " The Armenian Methodists have a Meeting House at TrebuUet 
to which has lately been added a burial ground." 

The interment took place amid a large assemblage of spectators, 
who came from adjoining parishes. The grave occupies a central 
position in the old Burial Ground. The tombstone bears the 
following inscription : — 

" Sacred to the memory of Jno. Husband, of Trecarrel IMill. As a man he 
possessed an inteUi<fent mind, as a Christian he happily enjoyed those 
sound principles which reformed his practices. He was liberal in his 
sentiments, yet a decided Methodist for 40 years. Retaininif ins confidence 
in God and triumi)hin» in hope of Eternal felicity : he died of an impost- 
hume, December 2.Sth, 1818. 

He gave this plot of ground to be a rei)ository for the dead, in which by 
an unerring Providence he was the first to be interred." 

Since 1810 the Meeting House has been enlarged to the pre- 
tentions of a Chapel, in which many souls have been led to 
Christ. In the year 1871 the new Chapel was erected, and the 
old sanctuary has been used as a Schoolroom. Amongst the tried 
Methodists of this Society, we must name Mr. and Mrs. Sargent, 
late of Botonnett, and Mr. and Mrs. Maurice Budge, late of 
Trebithick, in this parish. 



164 



VENNING S HISTOEICAL NOTICES. 




Photo }>!/] 



TKK.CARKEL HAf.L. [Captain L. Chhig, Laiinceston. 



The most noted place of antiquity and of 
TRECARREL. historic interest in this parish is Trecarrel, 

where may still be seen the ivy-clad remains- 
of a large Mansion begun by Sir Henry Trecarrel, who resided 
here about the year 1540 ; but it was never completed. There is 
still standing — as shewn in our illustration — the great Hall 
which was built about the same time by Sir Henry Trecarrel, 
who was the last of that name. A chapel, dedicated to " St.. 
Mary Magdalene," was also built by him, and remains complete. 
The reason why the mansion at Trecarrel was prevented from 
being completed was supposed to be on account of an accident 
that occurred, of which we give a verbatim account from the 
MS. of W. Harvey, on "The History of Linkinhorne," written 
174 years ago : — 

" Sir Henry Trecarrell dwelt at Trecarrell, in Lezant. and built the chapel 
now standing there, and the great hall also ; and had naade great pre- 
paration for a great buildnig there of hewed moor-stone and timber, 
and other things. But as the tradition goes, his lady being in travail 
for a child, and he being ver.y well skilled in Astronomy and Astrology, 
found by his knowledge and skill that if the child were then born it 
would die in its infancy by an untimely death, and therefore heartily 
begged the woman, then with his lady, to prevent the birth if possible 



LEZANT. 165 



one hour, which she could not do, but she was brought to bed of a 
young son, who in his infancy having a basin of clean water brought 
to him to wash his face and hands, by a servant maid, wtio stepping 
away to fetch a towel for him — that while he stitied himself in the said 
basin of water, and was immediately found dead — which frustrated the 
hopes of Ills father, and prevented liis great building at Trecarrell. 
Upon which he bestowed the remainder of his time and money in 
pious and charital>le uses ; and the stones already carried home at 
Trecarrell, he caused to be convej'ed to Launceston ; and the old 
church called St. Stephens, being built of freestone and decayed, he 
caused to be taken down and rebuilt as it now standeth, and dedicated 
to St. Mary Magdalene, about the year 15-li), towards tiie latter end of 
the reign of King Henry 8th. He had a design to have rebuilt the 
tower also in that space between the church and the old tower, now 
there standing, but was i)revented l)y death before it was begun. The 
town of Launceston was before that time called Dunheved. The 
north side of the church of Linkinhorne with the tower, being then 
also in decay, the said Sir Henry Trecarrell caused the remaining part 
of the stones, prepared and not brought home, to be brouglit at 
Linkinhorne. and with them built the north side of the said church 
and tower, causing his coat of arms to l)e there set up. as saith tlie 
author ; but whether in the stone work, glass or timber, I never could 
understand." 

Polsue in liis Notes on Harvey's MS. of Linkinhorne, says : — 

" Sir Henry Trecarrel, alias Esse, of Trecarrel. in Lezant, was buried at 
Lezant. June li'th, 1544 ; his wife was Margaret, daughter and heir of 
John Kelway. or Kellaway ; she was buried at the same place. February 
12th, lbb'2. 'J'liey left three daughters, co-heiresses ; Katherine the 
eldest, married William Harris of Radford, Devon ; Jane, the second, 
married Wm. Kelly, of Redcliffe, Devon ; and Oliver, his brother, 
married the third daughter whose name is not given. This branch of 
the family of Trecaii'el. alias Esse or De Esse, bore for their arms — 
Argent. 2 chevrons sable ; — and his wife, the heiress of Kelway. Aigent, 
2 bones in saltire sable, between 4 pears ; both coats are sculptured on 
the stone work of Launceston Church, but the latter prevails. The 
arms of Trecarrel have not been found on the Church at Linkin- 
horne." 

The ancient name of tliis parisli, Lansante, gave name to a 
family, as a Deed is still extant, dated 19 Eichard 11. (1395), 
between Rogerus de Lansante and Henry Page of Landue, with a 
fine seal of the family arms attached. This Koger de Lansante 
was also, about the same time, one of the witnesses to a Deed 
made by one of the Trecarrels. 

''In Lezant jiarisli hereby," writes Carew, " master Christopher Harris 
owneth a tliird part of Trecarrell (the jn'oject an onset of a sumptuous 
building) as coheire to the last (Jentleman of that name, but admitted 
no partner in the sweetly tempered mixture of bounty and thrift, 
grauity and pleasantnes, kindnesse and stoutnes ; which grace all his 
actions." 



166 venning's historical notices. 

Trecarrel-Js also made famous in history by 

KING CHARLES being a resting place of King Charles I. and 

AND his army, during the great Civil War of the 

TRECARREL. Seventeenth Century. It was at Polston 

Bridge, near Launceston, about six miles 
from Trecarrel, where the King entered Cornwall on the 1st 
x\ugust, 1644, to pursue the army of Essex, who, it is supposed, 
crossed the Tamar into Cornwall either at Newbridge, Gunnislake, 
or at Horsebridge, in Stokeclimsland. The former is about six 
miles, and the latter about four from Trecarrel, in Lezant ; so we 
may regard this place as the centre of the seat of war at the 
outset of the personal campaign of King Charles; and no doubt 
the district of East Cornwall, including Launceston, Liskeard, 
Bodmin, Lostwithiel, and Caradon Down, was the scene of many 
a bloody battle in which the King huuself took a prominent part. 
Trecarrel at tliis time belonged to the Manaton family, who must 
have been related to the Trecai'rels ; as the arms of the latter are 
on the tomb (the inscription on wiiich we give in our pages) in 
Southhill Church, of John Manaton, who died in 1507. The 
Manatons had a seat at Manaton, in Southhill, and during the 
war Lord Bernard and his troops marched to Southhill, and Lord 
Bernard quartered at Mr. Manaton's, of Manaton, in that parish, 
■whilst the King stayed at tlie liouse of Mr. Jeane, in Liskeard. 

Ambrose Manaton, who entertained Charles I. at Trecarrel, 
was M.P. for Launceston in 1640, but was disabled in 1641 and 
1643, "for deserting the service of the house being in the King's 
quarters, and adhering to the loyalists' party." He died in 1651, 
and was buried at Southpetherwin, where a monument to his 
memory displays two impalements of arms: Manaton and Resky- 
mer, and Manaton and Edgcombe. 

Lake in his " Historv of Cornwall " savs : — 

'•On the 20th July. 1644, the Earl of Essex entered Cornwall, contrary as 
it is said to bis own judgment, losing swayed by the advice of Lord 
Robartes and some other Cornish gentlemen, who were sanguine in 
their expectations, that by their presence and interest they should be 
able to do great matters for the service of the Parliament. E.ssex 
passed the Tamar at Newbridge (more likely at Horsebridge) after a 
.sharp skirmish with Sir Richard Clrenville. and a party of the King's 
forces, who defended the pass. He then took possession of Launceston 
and Saltash. Sir. R. Grenville's house, which was garrisoned for the 
king, was taken by storm. The General then marched to Bodmin, and 
afterwards to Lostwithiel and Fowey, where he fixed his head- 
quarters, and summoned the County to come to his assistance. Sir 
Richard Grenville retired before Essex's army, and having suffered 
some loss in a skirmish at Lostwithiel with Lord Robartes' Brigade, 



LEZANT. 167 



made good his retreat to Truro. The King having determined to 
pursue Essex's army, entered Cornwall on the first of August, at 
Polston Bridge." 

" Previous!}' to entering the County, the King reminded his soldiers that 
they were going among a people who had shown themselves much 
attached to his cause, ^nd gave them the strictest caution to abstain 
from plunder. The King passed through Launceston and slept at 
Trecarrel, in Lezant, the residence of Mr. Manaton, his army being 
quartered around liim in the fields." 

We now give extracts respecting the Civil War in the District 
of East Cornwall and particularly relating to Trecarrel, from the 
Diary of Ricliard Bynionds, an Essex gentleman, who on the 
out-break of the war joined the Eoyalist standard, and 
accompanied the King as one of his lieutenants throughout his 
campaign in Cornwall : — 

■• l(i4-l. Wednesday. 31 July. — This evening his Majestie with his troop, 
Prince Maurice and his troop went to see the passes of the river which 
divides Cornwall and Devon. Two bridges pulled up. On Wednes- 
day some of Ills hoise and foot entered itito Landson (Launceston), in 
Cornwall, all Essex his army being gone thence and no resistance. 
This day came a messenger to the King from tSir Richard Urenville to 
the rendezvouz and told that Sir Ricliard was MOO strong, and desired 
his Majestie to make haste towards him. The King bid the fellow tell 
him he was coming with all possible speed with an army of 10.000 foot, 
5,000 horse, and 2H ])iece of camion. Prince Maurice his army consist- 
ing (out of this number) of 5.000 foot, five-and-twenty hundred horse, 
11 piece of cannon." 

"Thursday. 1 Aug. — His Majestie marclied to Trecarel in the i)sh. of 
L^sant (Lezant), and lay there at the house of Mr. Manaton in com. 
Cornubiaj. The whole army lay this night round about this house in 
the field. His Majestie, &c.. marclied a!)out 4 in the morning, and 
came that night to Liskeard." 

"Trecarrel built the house where his Majestie lay the niglit Ijefore, tem. 
Hen. 7. 'Tre' signifyes towne. and "carrol' merry or song in Cornish." 

"Most of the gentry of this Count}' live towards the south sea. This 
part of Cornwall which wee have seene they account barren. The 
people speak good and playne Kiiglisli here hitherto. Divers of the 
country people come to the King with much joy to tell him of his 
enemyes where they lay. and "please his worship.' " 

Landue is the I'esidence of J. S. Tregoning, Esq., 
LANDUE. and, as will be seen by our illustration, is beau- 
tifully wooded. Landew, or more properly Landu 
or Landue, i.e., Lan-Dew, God's enclosure, the churcliyard , or the 
sanctuary, was purchased by the late John Siiinnons Tregoning, 
father of the present proprietor, of Colonel Paul Phillipps, in 
1867, for £15,000, including tlie Mansion and gi-ounds of 400 



168 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 




Photo by] 



LANDUE. 



Hai/7naH, Lavnceston. 



acres. Colonel Phillipps was the son of the late Thomas John 
Phillipps, who long resided at Landew. 

The family of Landeu were for a considerable pei'iod the 
owners of this place, of whom John Landeu was M.P. for 
Launceston, 2 Edward II., 1308; and Walter de Landeu m 
the 8th year of the same reign. Another member of the family 
represented the same borough, 50 Edward III., 1376. 

Landew continued with its owners of the same name until the 
Fifteenth Century, when, in the 36th year of Henry VI., 1457, John 
Blyghe, of Botathan, the heir of William de Landue, conveyed 
the estate to John Page, who appears to have been M.P. for 
Launceston, 7 Edward IV., 1467. 

It afterwards came to the family of Eoches, of Eoche, and 
then it was sold to Thomas Trefusis, whose granddaughters 
carried this estate to the family of Edward Herle, of Prideaux, 
Luxulyan. It continued in the family of Herle for three genera- 



LEZANT. 169 



tions. Nicholas, the eldest son of Edward Herle and Mary 
Trefusis, made it his residence, and built the front of the present 
mansion, which was incomplete and unfinished at the time of 
his death in 1682. Edward the eldest son succeeded to the 
•estate, and was sheriff in 1713. He married in 1714, Elizabeth 
Northmore. He finished the building of the mansion, and was 
M.P. for Launceston, 12 Anne, 1713-14. He died in 1721, leaving 
an only son, Northmore Herle, who died in 1737, soon after he 
attained his majority, and devised his property to his six half- 
sisters, the daughters of Dr. Charles Kendall, who had inter- 
married with his mother. 

Of the daughters of Dr. Kendall, Elizabeth married in 1740, 
Adam Pierce, of Exeter ; and Charlotte, in 1753, Humphry 
Lawrence, of Launceston ; and in 1806 the sons of these ladies 
sold Landue to Mr. William Bant, whose daughters sold it about 
the year 1820, to Thomas John Phillipps. 

Greston Bridge, a structure of six or seven arches connects this 
parish with Bradstone in Devon. It is stated that the bridge 
was built by John Palmer, M.P. for Launceston in the reigns of 
Henry V. and VI. 

Botonnet, described by Norden as " the howse of Mr. Lowre," 
belonged in the time of Charles II. to Charles Martin, gent., and 
is now the property of Mrs. Sargent ; the tithes of this estate 
are in moieties between the Kector and the University of Oxford. 

Carthamartha, the pleasant villa residence of A. B. Collier, Esq., 
is situated near the Tamar, where the banks are steep and rocky, 
and the scenery higlily picturesque. 

Besides the ancient chapel at Trecarrel, dedicated to St. Mary 
Magdalene, there was a cliapel at Landew, dedicated to St. 
Bridget, and another supposed to have been at or near the 
•churchtown, dedicated to St. Lawrence. 



Since the Directory part of our publication was printed, we have 
been informed that the Rev. Canon Tovvnend is leaving the Rectory 
■of this parish, and has exchanged Livings with the Rev. Rowland 
•Cardwell, of St. Peter's, Fulham. 



170 



VENNING S HISTOEICAL NOTICES. 



LINKINHORNE. 

The proper name of this parish is Lankinhorne, 

THE which Hals says signifies "a church of iron," and 

CHURCH. Bannister, " the Church in the corner." The latter, 

as regards the position of its Church in the corner 
of the parish, is certainly appropriate. In the Chantry Eolls the 
name is Lankynhorne. Linkinhorne, however, is most probably 
derived from Llan Tighern — the church of the king, that is, of 
St. Melor or Milorus, to whom it is dedicated. It is the finest 
church in the neighbourhood and was partly rebuilt by Sir Henry 
Trecarrel, Kt. (who also built Launceston Church), in the reign 
of Henry VIII. It is a building of freestone and granite in the 
Perpendicular style, consisting of chancel — which is modern — 
nave of five bays, aisles, south porch, and a well-proportioned 
tower arch. The Tower is a substantial structure of cut granite, 
said to be 120 feet in height : one of the highest in the County. 
It has battlemented turrets, and crocketed pinnacles, and con- 
tains six" bells, which were cast in 1805 by the Penningtons of 
Stokeclimsland. 

The rood stairs remain in the north wall. The Font has a 
square basin, supported on a central pillar with smaller ones at 




Photo b//] 



LIN'KINIIOKM-; ClIUKCH. [//uf/llitl/i. LliiHU-eiitoil.. 



LINKINHORNE. 171 



the corners, and is probably Norman. An ancient altar stone, 
incised with crosses, has been laid in the vestry floor since April 
14th, 1891. The chalice, with cover, dates from 1572, and the 
paten from 1735. The register dates from the year 1576. 

The following description of the Church was copied by the 
Publisher from the Church Register : — 

'• Th'e Church was dedicated to St. Melor, Mellor, Milor, Mdler, Milorus, 
said to be the son of Meliatius. Duke of Cornwall, and martyred in A.D. 
411. The Font dates from 12HU — 12'J(). and there was probably a small 
Norman Chapel on the site of the present church ; as during the restora- 
tion in lyiU. a small i)iece of a Xorman capital was discovered. The south 
aisle was probably built about 137i>— ]3'.)(). The nave, 1420—14:50. The 
north aisle and tower were built by Sir Henry Trecarrel, in 1521 or 1540. 
The arches were spanned by iron bars to keep them upright in 178G, about 
which time the church was also probably reseated with unsightl}' square 
pews. The Tower was releaved in 1G22. and subsequently repaired and 
repointed in 1S77. The oldest seats in Tower date back to 1450. some in 
south aisle earl}' in Seventeenth Century, rest aljout 178G, pulpit 17H(>." 

The church was restoi'ed, April 14th, 1891, at a cost of £1,214,. 
during the vicarage of the Rev. W. il. Poland. 

JunNllMPNT'^ Tiiere is a magnificent n]arble Monument in 

the Church with the following inscription : — 

■■ Underneath are deposited the reuiains of Ricliard Saltern, late of 
Exwell in this parish, (ientle.nan, who died January XXVllth, 
MDCC VIII Aged XLI years— 

Also of Agnes Saltern, his wife, who died February XVIII, INIDCCXXXV 
Aged LXIX years— 

Also of John Saltern, their son. Gentleman, who died January XIII 
MDCCLVII aged 5(; years— 

Also of Celia Knill, Widow, tlicii- daughter, who resigned this life in 
expectation of a better one, Thursday. Augt. 20th. MDCCCI, Aged XCIV 
years, to whose memory as a small token of gratitude A: respect ttiis marble 
IS affectionately dedicated " — 

This Celia Knill founded a Charity called the " Knill Charity," 
which still exists. 

On the restoration of tlie Church, whilst excavating below the 
tablet in the cornei', a coi'lin was discovei'ed (in a complete state) 
containing the body of tliis Celia Knill, alter having been buried 
for 90 years, but on being disturbed it fell to pieces. 

Tliere is a marble monument in tlu! cliurch with a Latin 
inscription in memory of Edward Kneebone, placed by Edith, 
his wife, from which the following translation is made: — 



172 venning's histokical notices. 



" Here is buried Edward Kneebone, sprung from a genteel family, — but 
rendered more illustrious by far amongst his own by his eminent unshaken 
fidelity to the king and the church of England. Of most gentle manners 
towards all. The accomplishments which some seek abroad he acquired 
at home ; — being skilled especially in mathematical science. Of fraud and 
avarice, and of Evil Arts of that kind, he was a most vehement enemy. 
He died Oct 16, 1685 : aged 54." 

This Edward Kneebone for many years resided at and owned 
Westcott, in this parish. He wrote a history of " The Htndred 
•of East " in 1684, some extracts from which we give respecting 
this parish. 

On a stone in the aisle is an inscription of which we copied as 
much as possible, viz. : — 

" Frances, ye Helict of William Hooper, Gent., and Daughter to Henry 
Spour, of Trebartha in ye parish of Northhill, Esqre., who Dyed ye 23rd 
May, 1704, in ye 64th year of her age. 

Sleep sainte like creature for thy toile is don, 
Thy faith, thy hope, and charitie have won 
Immortall glory, and thy vertuous liffe 
Hath left example of a loyal wil^e. 
Duty to parents and thy love to all. 
&c., &c." 

The remainder is quite indistinct on account of the stone 
having been so much worn. 

There is an inscription on a stone tablet erected in memory of 
Mary, the wife of John Davey, who was buried the 23rd of 
December, 1760, aged 35. 

" Weep not for me my friends behind. 
My parent dear and husband kind ; 
I'm soon call'd to the dust from here. 
To meet my Blessed Saviour dear. 
When I departed hence from here, 
I left behind six children dear ; 
The one not more than ten days old, 
'Twas melancholy to behold. 
I left them to my husband's care. 
To be brought up ye Lord to fear. 
I am cut off, 'twas Heaven's decree. 
To spare the fruit and take the tree. 
O cruel Death ! so soon to end 
A faithful wife and sincere friend." 

In the Chancel of the church on the south side, there are three 
marble tablets, erected to the meixiory of three successive Vicars 
of the parish^ who held the Vicarage for a united period of 159 
years. They are inscribed as follows : — 



linkinhor:ie. 



173 



" In memory of Rev. Geo. Jeffery, Master of Arts, fifty six years Vicar 
of this Parish, who died on the 10th day of June, 1780." 

"In this chancel is deposited the body of the Rev. James Coffin, A.M.. 
and Fifty three years Vicar of this parish, born on the 25th July, 175G,. 
died on the 12th April, 1833." 

" Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Edward Marshall Kempe, B.A.^ 
Vicar of this parish, who died September 14th, 1883, aged 7!) years." 

The latter was instituted in 1833, and therefore held the 
Vicarage for 50 years. 




LINKINHORNK CIIUKCll — IN IF HI OK. 



There is an ornamental window erected, with the following 

inscription :— 

"In memory of Richard Kittow, one of the lay Rectors of this parish, 
wlio died at Tredaule, Altaniun, May 7th, 1870, Aged 83." 

Thei-e are above three figures representing Faith, Hope, and 
St. Melor, Martyr, 411. 

On another window is inscribed : — 

"To the (xlory of God i'(: in incmory of Tlioiiias Kittow, of Browda, 
E.sq., who died liec. 31. 1880, Aged IHO years, and 4 months. This Window 
is erected by E. P. & John Kittow, liis nephews." 

The three figures represented are Abraham, Noah and David. 



174 venning's historical notices. 



There is also another coloured window in memory of the 
Kittow family : 

" To the Glory of God and in memory of Thomas Kittow, of Browda, 
who died June 8th, 1844, aged 84 years." 

Judging from the inscriptions on the tablets to the three 
successive Vicars, and the ornamental windows to the two Lay 
Eectors of this parish— Eichard Kittow who died when 83 years 
of age, and Thomas Kittow at the age of 100 years and 4 
months — both the Vicars and the Lay Rectors have been noted 
for their longevity. 

Outside the Church, against the wall at the eastern end, is the 
following curious inscription, exactly as engraved :— 

'• Near this place lyeth the body of Katherine Nicolls, who was buried 
the 26th day of May. 1742, aged 70 years." 

Also — " Here lyeth the body of John MuUis, who was buried the 13th 
daj' of July, 1744, aged VJ years." 

■' Here we lye without the wall ; 
'Twas full within — they made a brawl. 
Here we lye no rent to pay, 
And yet we lye so warm as they." 

Cut hy Daniel Ginnb. 

We were informed by the Vicar that rumour states that there 
was a dispute as to the right of interment inside the church 
-about this period ; hence the above quaint epitaph. 

The Mission Church of St. Paul at Upton Cross, erected in 
1887, at a cost of £1,525, and consecrated May 2nd, in the same 
year, is an edifice of stone, consisting of apsidal chancel, nave, 
south porch, vestry and a western bell cote containing one bell. 
The windows of the chancel are stained, and there are 150 
sittings. 

Methodism was first introduced into this parish 

METHODIST in the year 1767, when the first Methodist sermon 

HISTORY. was preached by Mr. Cotty, in the house of Mr. 

John Nicolls, farmer, Trelabe. For a long time 
the congregation did not exceed 14, being chiefly the members of 
Mr. Nicolls' family and servants. A Society Class was formed, 
which met every Sunday in the kitchen. George Brimmell, a 
labourer on the farm, was the leader, and was a very devoted 
man. Shortly after Mr. and Mrs. John Body, who were both 
•converted in early life, joined the Methodist Society at Trelabe. 



LINKINHORNE. 175 



Here it was, too, that Thomas Denner was converted when 
60 years of age, who hved at Frogwell, CalHngton, and gave the 
little estate there containing a house and 6 acres of land to the 
Methodist Connexion, an account of whicli is given in connection 
with the introduction of Methodism into the Callington Circuit, 
He commenced to attend preaching services at Trelabe five miles 
from liis home, and afterwards opened his house at Frogwell to 
the Methodist preachers. 

The appointment of Adam Clarke — who after- 

DR. ADAM wards became LL.D. — to the Dock Circuit in 

CLARKE. 1785, being the 2nd year of its existence, was an 

important event, not only in the history of 
Methodism in the Northhill Circuit, but also the Methodist 
Connexion at large. He was only '21 years of age, and very 
juvenile in appearance, but his marvellous intellectual abilities 
were soon recognized. His popularity became established 
throughout the district, and his labours were abundantly owned 
of God ; conversions were numerous and the Church was 
strengthened. It was during his residence in this Circuit that 
Adam Clarke revoked a vow he had made three years before ; 
which was never to meddle with Latin or Greek as long as he 
lived. He here learnt that such a vow was sinful, and began 
with renewed purpose his classical studies, and laid the founda- 
tion of knowledge amidst the constant itinerating work of the 
Dock Circuit, that afterwards made him the renowned Linguist 
and Commentator. 

In 1785 when Adam Clarke was on his way from Liskeard to 
Launceston, at Botternell in this parish, he met a farmer called 
John Nile, and obtained his consent to preach in his house. The 
neighbours were called in, and as a result souls were saved and 
a Society formed. Nile himself was not converted at that 
Service, but was so deeply wrought upon, that sleep departed 
from him. He arose from his bed and walked over his farm 
during the night, and prayed the Lord to forgive his sins. 
Presently he approached the turnip field, and there he saw a 
figure stooping down on the ground. He watched a moment 
and then discovered it was a man stealing his turnips, and 
putting them in a sack. Mounting the hedge he cried; " Hallo 
there! what are ee about?" The man perceiving that he was 
caught, cried out " Oh maaster! do ee forgive me; forgive me this 
once, maaster." " Forgive ee ! " said Nile drawing near to the 
man, " Why that's what I want the Lord to do for me, I want 
the Lord to forgive me, and I must forgive thee." In that' 



176 vbnning's historical notices. 



moment he obtained the blessing. He forgave his brother and his 
Heavenly Father also forgave him. Then said he, lifting up the 
sack on the man's head, "Take the turnips and go home with 
mun, but dont ee steal any more. If ee want any again come to 
me, and I'll give mun to ee." John Nile's house was always open 
to the Methodist Preachers, and henceforth Butternell appeared 
on the Dock Plan as a preaching place. Services were held once 
a fortnight on the Sunday afternoon, and the members met in 
Class on Sunday morning, under the leadership of George Brim- 
mell, of Trelabe. 

During the same year, Adam Clarke again visited Botternell 
and preached. One in the congregation experienced the deliver- 
ance the preacher described. His name was Thomas Jasper, of 
Tremollet ; who afterwards took a leading part in Methodism at 
Northhill. Adam Clarke paid a third visit to Botternell, and again 
had fruit to his labours. This time William Downing, of 
Lynher in Northhill, became a Methodist. Not long after, he 
went out into the field to catch the horse, but the animal eluded 
his grasp. Suddenly tempted he swore at the horse, when it im- 
riiediately stood still and was captured, but William Downing's 
conscience began to condemn him. He remained away from Class. 
His leader missed him, sought him out, and asked the reason of 
his absence from the " Mittins." William was silent. " What 
have ee done ? Swore at the horse have ee? " "Yes" faltered the 
young man. " Well," said his faithful adviser " if you have sworn 
at the horse, dont ee lie there in the dust, get up and run again." 
He did so and -from that hour he never faltered in the way. 
" Uncle Will Downing" as he was afterwards called, became the 
leader of the Botternell Society when George Brimmell died, and 
held that post for 50 years. His religious experience was of a 
high character. He loved the Methodist preachers, and his 
house at Lynher, Northhill, was the preachers' home. As his 
end was approaching he would say " I'm not out of gunshot 
of the enemy, but the world is under my feet, and it is no 
riiore to me than colours to a blind man," and would often 
repeat the lines : — 

" Here as in the lion's den, 
Undevoured I still remain; 
Pasing through the watery flood. 
Hanging on the arm of God." 



Uncle Will Downing thus passed away at a ripe old age, hav- 
ng been a Methodist for nearly 70 years. 



LINKIOTTOREE. 



177 



RILLA MILL 
CHAPEL. 



It was in the year 1810 the first Wesleyan 
Chapel at Rilla Mill in this parish, was opened. 
Class and Prayer Meetings were previously held 
at the house of a man named Sanders, on the 
other side of the bridge. He was a member and opened his 
house to the Society. The Leader of the Class at Rilla Mill was 
Richard Dingley, of Netherton or Knighton, who took a prom- 
inent part in the erection of the new Chapel. At first services 
were conducted here once a month, on Sunday afternoon and 
evening. The Minister — or Rounder, as he was called — came on 
the week-night. 

In 1846 the new Chapel with schoolroom, chapel-keeper'a 
house, coachhouse and stable were erected, and on acc.ount of 
the influx of people into the neighbourhood through the Phoenix, 
South Caradon and other mines being in full work, this Chapel 
was enlarged in 1866, by adding two wings, making it T shape. 




RILLA MILL OIIAPKL — INTERIOR. 



It is a substantial structure, comprising an apsidal chancel, 
east and west transepts and nave. 



^178 VENNING's HISTORICAL NOTICES. 

; In the nave is a stone tablet, which is inscribed : — 

"Erected in memory of Sampson Jasper, by the members of his 
classes, assisted by other members of the Society, as a token of their deep 
respect and affection towards him. He died suddenly, January 23rd, 1858, 
,aged 66 years. Proverbs, 10th chap., 7th v." 

After the Methodist preaching services were 
.LANHARGY discontinued at Trelabe in this parish, by the 
' CHAPEL. removal of Mr. J. Nicolls, to Altarnun, they 
'/ were conducted in a house at Exwell, not far 

distant, where a Sunday School was begun. Sometime after- 
wards services were conducted at Lanhargy Farm-house, the 
•residence of Mr^ Robert Davey. In 1840 the present Chapel at 
Lanhargy was built, and 15 years later the Schoolroom was 
erected Some years since a piece of land was secured for a 
Burial Ground, and a neat and commodious chapel-keeper's 
House was erected thereon, at a cost of about £200. 

MAMnD<^ ^^ giving the ancient and modern description of 

BARTONS ^^^ Manors, Bartons, Seats and Estates of this 

CPATQ X.' parish, we cannot do better than give extracts 

ijfcA I iy, iic. ^^^^^ ^j^g j^g_ Qf ^7 Harvey on " A History of the 

■Parish of Linkinhorne," written in 1727, with notes by Joseph 
■Polsue, Surveyor, published in 1876, wherein there is a much 
more detailed description than we can afford time and space to 
give. For the loan of this valuable work the Publisher is indebted 
ito the courtesy of the Rev. C. C. C. Bosanquet, and to Mr. W. 
Gerry, of Henwood. Harvey says : 

" In this parish is the Manor of Rillaton. the most ancient 

MANOR OF *^^ ^'' manors, and first on the Auditor's Book of all 

I? 1 1 I ATOM ^^® Dacliy of Cornwall, which duchy contains 17 

KlLLAlUrN. manors; and is held by surrenders and contains 

ancient customs ; and is the most ayicient Duchy in 

Great Britai?!, being erected into a Duchy by the famous King Edward 

the 3rd, in the year of our Lord 1387 (being now 390 years since), and 

then conferred on his son Edward the Black Prince, and to his heirs 

for ever ; wliich said manor of Rillaton contains 13 tenements, 12 of 

which are in the parish of Linkinhorne, and the other, called Bear, in 

the Parish of Northill." 

Polsue in his notes of this manor gives the following : — 

"5 Edward III., 1331 : William Botreaux, steward of Cornwall, was 
commanded that he should cause to be delivered to John of Eltham, 
Earl of Cornwall, with other manors, ' the manor of Rellatnn with the 
Pedelary of Istwevelshire' 11 Edward III., March 17.1337: When 
Edward the Black Piinee was created first Duke of Cornwall, — Rella- 
ton with the Bedelship of Estwyvelshire, and other its appurten- 
ances, were granted to him by the King. 2U Edward I., 1300. At an 



LINKINHORNE. 



179 



inquisition made at Restormel before the Kind's escheator Nov. 
- 30. it was found that Edmund Earl of Cornwall was seized in his 
demesne, as of fee, the day on which he died, with other manors, the 
manor of Rellaton with tlie appurtenances." ' ' ! ii-i.. 

*'Rillaton. 26th day of April, Anno 7. 1333 :— Johanna who was the wife 
of Walter Clarke, hath taken one messuaoe. sixteen acres of land, in 
one ferlins? of land, which the sam^ before held and as yet holds at 
Henewode. to hold in convention from the feast of St. Michaelnext 
cominsf. Rent 2s. (id. (whereof of new increase 6d.) and all other services. 
Sureties, John Clarke, Jeffrey de Rillaton." 

."•From the Assession-Roll ;"> Henry VI.. 142ii : Rillaton Lands and ten- 
ements remaining in the hands of the lord after the last assession." 

„ P The other manor of note in this parish 

^adm^hAm omoD is that of Garnedon Prior, respecting 
CARNEDON PRIOR. ,vhich Harvey writes :- 

'"Here is also in the parish of Linkinhorne the greatest part of the manor 
' of Garnedon Prior, anciently belonging to the Priory of Launceston. and 
upon the disolution of the Moriastries in the reign of King Henry the 
8th. annexeil to the ancient Duchy of Cornwall as it still contiriueth, 
containing twentv-two tenements. \(] of whicli are in the i)arish of 
Linkinhorne, and 6 in the Parish of Northill ; he!d of the Duchy by 
letters iiatent for lives as of the said manor of Carnedon-Prior are 
several tenements of gentlemen's lands held, by paying of certain high 
rents and doing suit to all the courts of the said manor. This manor 
did i)e;ong to tlie Priory of St. Stephens by Launceston. In the said 
parish also is one half of the manor of Climsland-Prior, part of the 
aforesaid Priory of Launceston. and annexed as aforesaid, containing 14 
tenements, 7 of which are in the parish of Linkinhorne. and 7 in the 
parish of StokecUmsland. and having several free tenements of gentle- 
men's lands held of it." 

"Jn this parish is also the whole 

MANOR OF Manor of Carneadon-lier, the inherit- 

CARNEADON-LIER. ance of Sir John Trelawny, Baronet, 

son and heir of the late deceased 
Eeverend Jonatlian, Lord Bishop of Winchester, having several 
free tenants who owe certain rents and suits of Court to the said 
Manor ; and these Manors aforesaid may be said to contain the 
whole parish." — Harvey, 1727. 

This Jonathan Trelawny, Bishop of Winchester, who owned 
the great'ist part of the Manor of Carneadon-lier, was one of the 
seven bishops sent to the Tower by James II, in 1688. 

In Domesday Book reference is made to Carnedon as 
follows : — 

"The king holds Carneton : there are five hides, but it pays tax for 
three hides : the arable land is thirty carucates : of it there is in 



180 venning's historical notices. 

Domain half a hide ; and there are thtee ploughs, and twenty bond 
servants, and forty-three villains and Seventeen borderers, with seven- 
teen ploughs ; there are two acres of meadow, pasture one mile long 
and the same in breadth, it returns 7 pounds (£) by weight." 

The Barton of Trefrize — a very ancient and large 

TREFRIZE Barton — is in this parish, except about 40 acres, 

BARTON. which are in the adjoining parish of Northhill. 

It formerly included the tenements now known as- 
Trefrize, Ashwell, Beaton's Parks, Trughill, Waygate, Quarry 
Park, Trefrize Mill, Halwell and Lower Halwell, containing 
together about 500 acres. 



'o^ 



Kespecting this Barton, Harvey, in 1727, says : — 

" HALWELL. — 'Tis very good land, but very subject to brooms. In this 
close, and in Robert Reed's part, is a noted consecrated Holy Well, 
from which the close had the name of Holy Well, now known by the 
name of Halwell." 

"LOWER HALWELL.— On the North East corner of this Lower 
Halwell, which is now divided into several closes, is the Chapelyard of 
a Chapel once there standing, — the place where it stood and the ruins 
of it are yet to be seen ; — there was also a chapel house stood there, 
and the family of the great Lord Trefry did marry, baptize, and bury 
there ; — kee)>ing a chaplain in the house. This chapel stood within the 
space of 100 teet of the aforsaid holywell. the water of which did 
then run into the said Chapelyard, and the well is still enclosed with a 
stone wall all the way from the well to the said chapel^'ard, to keep 
the beasts from defiling and spoiling the said water. That close of 
ground in wliich the chapelyard is, is called Chapel {)ark, and will no 
doubt be so called until time shall be no more. This chapel was about 
a quarter of a mile from the barton house." 

" THE BARTON tenement, so called, having not above 4 or 5 acres of 
land, besides the liouses and town place. There was in the time of 
the great Lord Trefry very high, large and spacious houses ; built of 
a large freestone, supposed to be drawn from the close called Quarry 
park, where is now to be seen several large quarrys of the same sort of 
stone. The east wall of the great hall is part of it yet to be seen, of 
a very great height; with great windows like chuich windows; by 
which it may be easily judged that the whole when standing in its 
greatest glory, was a most famous and s})acious fabric. There is yet 
standing and very firm, a very large moorstone oven of near 9 feet in 
diameter. Near the ruins of the aforesaid great hall there is yet to be 
seen, both against Beaton's park and Trughill, next to the aforsaid 
gieat liighway, hedges of 10 or 12 feet in breadth, on which in the 
flourishing time of the family, there were walks on the top of them, 
wiuh puied hedges on both sides; the whole length against the said 
two closes being about a quarter of a mile in ientth. on wliich the 
gentry of tlie family did use to walk for recreation, to take the air and 
enquire news of travelleis and niaiket people, and refresh themselves ; 
— it being but a small walk from the barton house." 



LINKINHOBNE. 



181 



*' This Barton is reported to contain 500 acres of land ; and the manor 
lyin^ in the Parishes of Lewanick 6 tenements, Northill 8 tenements, 
and Liiikinhorne (3 tenements, — reported to be oOO acres more ; besides 
many free tenants. How this barton and manor descended from the 
Lord Trefry and his family to Sir Henry Trecarrell. — whether by 
marriage or otherwist, I know not ; — which said Sir Henry Trecarrell 
was the last that was in soL^ possession of the whole barton and manor, 
which after his time was divided into three equal parts." 

The site of the ruins of the great house and chapel referred to 
by Harvey as being built by Lord Trefry, now belongs to Mrs. 
Stevens, of Trefrize, and the Holy Well is on land belonging to 
Mrs. Youlden. 




r.UdWltA. MN'KIMIOKNi;. 



Browda has been in the possession of the Kittows for 
BROWDA. several hundred years. In 1602 the present house 

was built by Richard Kittow, ancestor of the late 
Thomas Kittow, who was purser of the well known South 
Caradon Mine for more than 40 years, and died December 31st, 
18B6, in his 101st year. After his death this estate came to the 
present owner, John Kittow, liis grand nephew, who resides here. 
The date 1602 with the initials R.K. may still be seen on the 



182 venning's historical notices. 

carved wainsGOting of the hall. Ancient pieces of plate bearing- 
his initials and the dates are still preserved. The porch, hall 
and dining-room are the only parts remaining of the 1602 
building. 

After an unintei-rupted possession for many generations this 
estate was carried in marriage by an heiress to the Congdons, 
who held it for a short period, when it again lapsed to the heirs 
of the original proprietors, the Kittows. 

Polsue in his notes on Linkinhorne says of Browda : — 

'• In one of the fields called Round-a-Berry, or Round Berry, are the well 
defined remains of an ancient earthwork ; it has a single risbank and 
vallum, with a considerable outwork ; — its internal diameter is about 
G5 yards. A tradition obtains that if this field be broken by the 
plough the owner will die. Whether this arose from the wish of some 
former careful owner to prevent the destruction of a rich piece of 
grazing land, for such it unquestionably is, or from some other cause, 
tbe tradition does not explain. Attached to the demesne lands is an 
extensive and valuable wood of oak timber trees. Browda continues 
not only to be well wooded and well watered, but also well cultivated, 
and the fruit of its extensive orchards to be unsurpassed." 

Polsue also says of Beneathwood, which belongs to the same 
owner, Jolin Kittow, of Browda: — 

" Here is a stately Elizabethan mansion somewhat decayed. The massive 
girders of the chamber floors, four or five in number, and said to have 
been cut from one native oak, would be a rich prize for an antique 
cabinet or church furniture maker." 



Patreida, a very ancient Barton, is now the pro- 

PATREIDA perty of John Kittow, Esq., of Browda, who 

BARTON. inherited it on the death of his uncle, the late Mr. 

Edward Peter Kittow, in 1900, to whom it was 
devised by his uncle, the late Mr. Thomas Kittow, of Browda, 
who purchased this superior barton from the representatives of 
Sir. James Tillie, in 1867. Until the new house was built by the 
late Mr. E. P. Kittow, a considerable portion of the ancient 
mansion of about the Sixteenth Century, was in good condition 
and used as a farm-house. The foundations, &c., of a much 
older building are utilized in the garden fences and out- 
buildings. In the dining room, which is the only room pre- 
served of the ancient building, there is a marble tablet inscribed: 
as follows : — 



LINKINHORNE, 183^ 



•'PATRIE HEREDITAS. 

Annis Christi. In Possessione. 

1413 ... ... ThoracB Skarrell, Armigeri. 

1478 ... ... Robert! Dawbernoti, Ar. 

1498 ... ... Nicholai Lower, Ar. 

1602 ... ... Johannis Lampen, Ar. 

1685 ... ... Jacobi Tillie Equitis Aurati. 

1695 ... ... Reedified By Sr James Tillie. 

Tout Lieu ou je Me troue. 

*Bien Cest MaPatrie. 

1867 Thomas Kittow, Ar." 

* '• Where I find my good estate, — that is my country." . • 

Of Patreida, Harvey says : 

" It is choice good land, and was heretofore the dwelling-place of John 
Lampen, Esq., a Justice of the Peace, and Sheriif of the County about, 
the year 1652 ri65U-l) whose son John Lampen sold it with tlie west 
side Tithe iSheaf of the parish to Sir James Tilley, Knight ; it is now 
the land of James Tilley, Esq., valued at £56 a year and pays for high 
rent yearly to the Manor of Rillaton 4,8 and two pounds of cummin 
or 2d. It had formerly very good dwelling-houses, orchards, gardens, 
fish pond and a grist mill ; with many other things now decayed." 

The following extracts respecting Patreida are taken from 
Browda papers : — 

■' John Lampen, Esq., holdeth One Messuage and fower Acres of Land 
Cornish, Sometime John of Paterda's in Westcot, Linkinghorne, 
Milcomb, Pengelly, Brugeton, Haydon, Coome, and other places 
yeeilding therefore yearely iiijs. viijd., and 2 lb of Cummin or 2d." 

• And shall carry everywhere within the Hundred of Eastwyvellshire all 
Letters of all officers ; And shall doe suit to ye sd. Mainiour Court 
from ii Weeks to H Weeks, and shall give for A releife, and shall doe 
fealty ; — And shall pay for new Knowledge 2/s at every Assessioning." 

Westcott is now the property of Mr. William 
WESTCOTT. Daniel. It formerly belonged, with Higher and 

Lower Eillaton, to Mr. R, Bate, of Bridgwater, 
who purchased it from the Foots, This place was for many years 
the property and residence of the Kneebone family, of which was 
Edward Kneebone, who left a MS. " History of the Hundred of 
East," wlierein is given a descriptive account of the Parish of 
Linkinhorne in his time. He died in 1685, and was buried in 
Linkinhorne Clmrcli. A translation of the inscription on his 
tomb we give in our pages. 



U84 venning's historical notices. 



We now give the following extracts from the MS. of this 
Edward Kneebone, who resided at Westcott, written in 1684 : — 

" This Parish Church was dedicated to St. Miller, [Melior.— T.T.] but 
took its name from an ancient Manor there, so called then but since 
known by the Title of Caniedon Prior, once belonging to the Priory 
of , Lancestoyi now annexed to the Duchy of Cornwall. The Tithe 
ISheafe is Impropriate, yet the Vicaridge and the Glebe Lands worth 
by the year 110 li or about it. It is divided into two Parts by the 
river Lihner running from North to South." 

" On the East side do lye 9 Villages, to wit. : 1. — The Church Towne, and 
in it the seat of William Hooper, Gent. 2. — Pengelly. 3. — Tregove- 
4.— Clay Pit. 5.— Rilla Mills. 6.— Nielcorabe. 7.— Rillaton. 8.— 
Browda. 9. — Coome." 

" And on the West side : 1. — Woodgate. 2. — Carnedon. 3. — Upton. 4. — 
Netherton. 5. — Treovis. 6. — Hemevor. 7. — Sutton. 8. — North Yol- 
land. In all 8 Villages, which have at least in each of them 3 ancient 
Habitations, besides Cottages, and of single Habitations, or at most 2 
in one place." 

" 1. — Trefrise, a very large Barton extending also into Northill. The last 
entire possessor of it being Henry Trecarrell, now divided so much aa 
many several persons have parts in each Field. There remain the 
ruiue of the decay of a great House ; an Oven yet standing, whose 

' area is 9 foot diameter. Lately the Inheritance of Kendall, Vyvyan 
and U addon, by Kempthorne's Daughter and Heiress. 2. — Pathedra, 
the seat of John Lampen, Esq. 3.— Beneathwood, once the habitation 
of John Bere, Esq., whose posterity are now in Warleggan, sold to him 

I by Sir Francis Ulanville. 4. — Lanhargj', once the seat of Barret, of 
Golant. now Edward Herle, Esq. 5. — Exwell, now the seat of Thomas 
Nicholls, latelj' of Thomas Wills, Esq. 6. — Kingscombe. 7. — Tre- 
raften. 8. — Cullacombe. 9. — Bunchardon. U). — Trelabe, 2 dwellings. 
11. — Kesbrooke, 2 dwellings. 12. — Westcott, the dwelling of Edward 
Kneebone, Gent." 

" On the west side of the Linner are : 1. — Botternell, 2 houses. 2. — 

Nottai'. 3. — Darley, 2 houses. 4. — Hall, once the head house of (Jar- 

vedon Prior, now John Dingle, Enq. 5. — Knowle. 6. — Ley. 7. — 

Yolland, the ancient habitation of the Roberts. 8. — Woodgate. 9. — 
Longridge. In all 15 houses." 

" The soyle naturally deepe for the most parte, but by the industry of the 
inhabitants much improved of late yeares. More used to pasture than 
tillage, by reason of the distance of the salt sea sand. The Western 
Hills full of Mines of ffine Tinne, which heretofore did render both 
to the King as Lord and the Owners considerable profit. But now, by 
reason of the low price of Tynne and the unjust rigour of some 
Owners, wholly neglected. The enclosed country well stored with 
woods and watered meadows, and have commons on the Downs for 
store of sheep. This part of the country was much impoverished in 
the late Civil Warre being the thorowfare for all the armies, which had 
occasion to march East or West." 

•* The Parish lyeth in the figure of a Trapesium, from East to West about 
4 miles, and in breadth 2, one taken with another." 



LINKINHORNE. 186 



Harvey in his MS. in 1727 describing Westcott says : — 

"" 'Tis now the land and dwelling-place of Arthur Kneebone, gent., a very 
fine compact estate, with a very good and convenient dwelling-house 
and out-bouses of all sorts, all new built within the space of 12U years 
last past. The house lies near the middle of the estate ; having very 
good orchards, gardens, and a good store of very good and thriving 
young timber ; with excellent quarries of wall stone and helling. 
Containing about 64 acres of land ; — and there hath been made there 
in one year upwards of 120 hogsheads of cider, about 60 or 70 years 
since as I have heard several of the old servants say. It is valued 
yearly at £32, and pays yearly for High Rent to the Manor of Peveral 
5s. 6d.. and to the Manor of Pengeliy 3s. id., besides common suit to 
each court." 

We now give brief accounts of some of the ancient estates in 
this parish as described by Harvey in 1727, and Polsue in 1876. 

■" DARLEY." — Harvey writes : — " Containeth two tenements, one of 
which is the inheritance of John Dingle, and now held by Mary his 
mother, as a joyntur'd during her life ; and the other is a tenement of 
the Dutchy of the Mannor of Rillaton, held by the said John Dingle. 
There are two very good houses, with very good orchards and choice 
meadows. Much of the tenements are coarse and rocky. Abundance 
of good coppice wood upon it, with much good wood, and near very 
good commons which make great profit to them, and singular turfs for 
fevvel." 

■" DARLEY. — In the plaisance of the villa stands the great natural 
curiosity' popularly' known as the 'Darley Oak.' At the height of about 
three feet from the ground, it measures thirty-six feet in circum- 
ference ; being hollow, and having convenient openings for ingress and 
egress, it is capable of housing small pleasure parties, which it often 
does in the season. Altliough it is reasonably supposed to be upwards 
of 5U0 years old, it is still healthful and vigorous, annually making 
shoots and producing acorns." — Fohues Notes, li>7U. 

This estate of Darley, which was originally owned by a family 
of the same name, iuis been in the possession of the Dingle 
family for upwards of 400 years, and still belongs to a gentleman 
of that name John Williams Dingle, Esq., J. P. and C.A. 
He and his ancestors have resided here for many generations. 
We are informed tliat tlie " Darley Oak " referred to by Polsue 
is still vigorous and thriving. 

On the Churchtown estate, formerly tlie property of the late 
D. W. Horndon, Esq., but now of Mr. William Henwood the 
present occupier, there is a Holy Well or Baptistry ; it is built 
of granite ashlar, and ornamented with saints niches ; the Well 
is still in a good state of preservation in a field called " Well 
Park." 



186- venning's historical notices. 

Harvey in writing of the Ciiurchtown estates, which were then 
in four tenements, describes how the Church was rebuilt by Sir. 
Henry Trecarrel, as follows : — 

"CHURCHTOWN ESTA.TE.— The Church standeth in the middle of 
the four tenements, Churchtown ground, in the Manor of Carnedon 
Prior ; the north side of which witLi the tower being in decay, in the 
reign ot King Henry 7th — 8th — was rebuilt by the pious gift of Sir 
Henry Trecarrell, who was at that time sole owner of the lands of the 
Barton and Manor of Trefrize, which after his time came to be divided. 
By whom also, in the year 1540, was the Church of Launceston built 
with stones brought and designed for a great building at Trecarrell ; 
but carried thence upon the untimely death of his only son and heir ; 
who, as the tradition goes, stifled himself in a basin of water. He had 
also a design to have built a new tower of the same work and stone 
with the church, but was prevented by death. The church was 
dedicated to St. Mary Magdalene. The Borough of Launceston at, 
that time was called Dunheved ; and the old church St. Stephens, the 
tower of which j'et remaineth. Our church of Linkinhorne was' 
dedicated to St. Miller, but took its name from the ancient manor in 
which it then stood and now standeth, then so called, but since known 
by the name of Carnedon Prior. There is a very fine built Well, — all 
of hewn moo7-stone, that was consecrated and dedicated when the 
church was, — to St. Miller ; and seemeth to be rebuilt when the north 
side of the church was. And still remaineth by its former name, and 
is in the bottom of a close of land called Well Park." 

Harvey writes with regard to Broadwood tenement : — 

" BROADWOOD is bounded on the east with the river of Dinner ; on 
the south with Measham (or rather Darley Brook) ; on the west with 
Lake ; and on the nortb-west and north with South Butternell and 
Stiles Well or Butternell Brook, — in which brook there is a place called 
Gunshoot, in which there are several great falls of water from high 
rocks, as swift as any arrow from a bow, or a bullet from a gun, (from 
whence I suppose it had the name of Gunshoot), so that it may be very 
well compared to the falls of the greatest river in the whole world, 
(viz.) the great Eg^'ptian river Nylus, which Heylin says, runs two 
thousand five hundred miles from the head spring of it in the lake 
Zembre, to its falls into the Mediteranean Sea, near which, it is 
recorded, that it hath violent falls, which make the dwellers near it 
deaf with its hideous noise. There are some plots of this tenement 
divided from the rest, and bounded with Darle3% Henwood, Indown, 
Noter, Wistaland, and Butternell. This large tenement is now the 
es:ates and in possession of John Anstis, Esq., Arthur Kneebone, 
gent., John Dingley, Sarah Broadlake, John Foott of Pengelly, John 
Foot of Knowl, Nicholas Lake, Nicholas Symons, John Body, Mary 
Nottle, Wm. Coad, Stephen Laundrey, Jane Budge, Silvester Sleep, 
and others, valued in £63 a year, and pays to the Prince yearly for rent 
\h. 6d. ; and for fine 12s. 2|d. ; all of it as well as the rest of this 
mannor held by surrender ot any part of a tenement, be entered on 
the Court Book, and new taken of the Prince's Commissioners 
every 7 years. This tenement is generally coarse land, much cop- 
pice woods, ordinary houses, good orchards, and some indifPerent 
meadows." 



LINKINHORNE. ' 18Tt' 



Those who have seen this Waterfall referred to by Harvey, say! 
that it is a large stream of water in the winter time, and falls.' 
almost perpendicular for about 50 feet, and it makes a deafening' 
Boise, but it is a most diflicult place of access. The land belongs, 
to the Duchy and is occupied by Mr. Jas. Sargent. 

"CARADON TOWN.— There was anciently a chapel with a very fine 
Well standing ; in the town place there is kept a manor pound to- 
punish trespasses, and so much for the Manor of Carredon-lyer, High. ' 
Rent is Is." — Unrreij. 

" In the reign of Edward IV., 146"J-8ii, there were three chapels here, — one- 
called All llaUinres. There was one little belL valued at 5s. ; and one 
pair of vestments, made of Bruges satin, valued at 2s. The Baptistry 
or Well, protected by massive blocks of un-cut granite, still remains. 
Carraton probably became the property of the Trelawnys through 
marriage, as they quarter the arms of Carraton, namely, Vert, a buck's 
head caboahed. or, on the shield in the great hall at Trelawne." — 
PoUues Notes. 1S70. 

SOUTHCOOMBE, the property of Mr. John Trehane, J. P., is 
a large Seventeenth Century building, and is the only one of so 
early a date in the parish, which is still preserved" entire. There 
is a sun-dial still attached to one of its tall chimneys. Harvey 
writes : — 

" It is a very fine tenement, having a stream of w^ater running i-nto every 
field and meadow of it, the driest summer that is ; and lies all compact 
together." 

NOETHCOOMBE, which also belongs to Mr. J. Trehane, 
Harvey describes as follows : — 

" It is a village of very good land, especially that part next adjoining ta 
Southcoombe, and Coombe Meadow ; having a continual stream of 
water, running in every close of that range, and lieth exactly against 
the south. Mr. Dawe has built a very fine house on his ; and com- 
monly hath good cyder." 

This fine house, built by Mr. Dawe, referred to by Harvey, 
was a few years since taken down and a new house built near its 
site by Mr. J. Trehane, where he now resides. 

There are the remains of an ancient cross at Northcoombe still 
to be seen. 

PENGELLY, which is 276 acres, appears to have been once 
the property of the Collyn family. The Will of " Wm. Collyn 
de Pent;elly," dated 20th April, 1608, is still extant; and in the 
time of Harvey part of Pengelly was in possession of John- 



188 venning's historical notices. 



Foott. It was purchased of the late Francis Eodd, Esq., of 
Trebartha, by Kichard Kittow, of Tredaule, Altarnun, by whom 
it was given to his nephew, the late Richard Kittow, also of 
Tredaule. He died intestate, and the property came to his 
only brother John Kittow, of Browda, who is the present 
proprietor. 

Harvey says : " This is an entire tenement with very good houses, 
•orchards and gardens, and a running stream of water continually runs 
through the court." 

" LANHARGY— contained five tenements, one large tenement and four 
small ones equal to the great one. The great tenement is the land of 

• the heirs of i^dward Hearle, Esq., deceased. This is a large and entire 
- tenement, an indiiferent house, orchards and meadows. The two next 

tenements, now in possession of John Uavey, pay yearly for high rent 

• to the Manor of Climsland Prior Is. 8d. These are two of very good 
land, with little bad dwelling houses on each of them, some apple trees 
yet lie against the north-east. The next tenement is now the lands of 
Nicholas Cowle. It is good land, and pays yearly for high rent to the 
Manor of Climsland Prior 5d. The fourth and last of the little tene- 
ments is the worst and coarsest of all, and lyeth next Bray Shop and 
the Commons. John Davey, of Treraf ters, being now the owner and 
occupier of the same ; and it pays for high rent to the Manor of 

. Climsland Prior a part of the Is. 8d. before mentioned. Neither of 
these two last tenements hath any house, garden or orchard upon it."— 
Harvey MS., 1727. 

The name of these tenements is variously spelled — Lanhargie, 
Lanhargay, Lenhorgey, Lanhorgy, and the modern way, Lan- 
hargy. It was formerly the property of a family of the same 
name Higher Lanhargy is now the property of Mr. William 
Maddaver, who resides there. It was purchased by him of the 
late F. Eodd, Esq., and is 156 acres. Lower Lanhargy is the 
property of Mr. S. S. Davey by succession and marriage, and 
contains 47 acres. 

"EXWELL.— 'Tis a very fine compact, entire estate, with a very fine 
dwelling-house, and convenient outhouses of all sorts. The dwelling 
■ place of Mrs. Agnes Saltren ;— the lands of her or her son,— all except 
a verv small matter which belongs to the lords of Trefrise ; for the land 
they pay yearly to the said lords Id., and to each lord for couventionary 
rent '.^d. It is valued in £44 a year. It is for the most part very good 
land ;— lies very well ; hath a helling stone quarry ; a large town place, 
with very fine timber growing in it ; with good meadows." — Harvey. 

This estate of 119 acres is the property of Mr. Edmund 
T. Pearce. It has had a quick succession of proprietors, — the 
Saltrens, Madam Wills, Major Parsons, Thomas Robins, and 
John Thomas who sold it to the present proprietor. 



LINKINHORNE. 



189 



LOWEK MILLCOMBE was the property of Thomas Kittow, 
but now belongs to John Kittow, Esq. 

" The homestead of this excellent estate comprises two or three Seven- 
teenth Century houses, once of some pretentions. On the carved 
stonework may still be seen the initials I.O. (John Oliver), and the 
date 1684." Pohup's Notes, 1876. 

The well-known stones called "The Hurlers"" 
THE HURLERS. are situated partly in this parish and partly 

in the adjoining parish of St. Cleer. la 
" The History of Linkinhorne," written by Mr. Harvey, th& 
following account of these remarkable stones is given : — 



'o 



" The Hurlers being about 22 great stones standing upright on one end, in 
a plain place of ground ; so called, as the tradition goes, from so many 
men being at lltirlhig on a Sunday, and so for their sin for Sabbath- 
breaking, by God Almighty turned into those stones as a monument of 
disobediejice. and sin, like that of Loti^s wife. But the truth of the 
story is, it was a burying ])lace of the Britons, before the calling inof 
the heathen Sexton into this kingdom. And this fable, invented by 
the Britons, was to prevent the ripping up the bones of their ancestors^ 
and so called by the name of • 77/e Hurlera ' to this day." 

Polsue in his notes on the Hurlers says : 

" They consisted of 3 adjoining circles of upright stones, bearing from 
N.N.E. to S S.W. The two northern circles are in this parisli, the 
other is in S. Cleer. The diameter of the first is about 40 yards ; it 
has 6 stones standing and 8 lying;— the central is about 48 yards in 
diametei.and has K stones standing and 4 lying. The S. Cleer circle 
is about 30 yards in diameter, and has 2 stones standing and 5 lying. 
About ()0 yards to the West are 2 other monoHths. but these also nmst 
be in S. Cleer. The Com'mons are Duchy and measure 800 acres." 

The remarkable pile of stones called the 
CHEESEWRINQ. Cheesewring, or Wringcheese — so-called 

because they rest upon each other cheese- 
fashion— is situate on the common called Stowes. They com- 
prise a large mass of granite rock of 22 feet high. These stones 
overhang their base so much that the wonder is how they 
sustain their position. This place is an object of great interest 
to tlie tourist, and is a natural curiosity. The stones, 10 in 
number, are at the broadest place on the top about 34 feet in, 
diameter, and the narrowest part of the base about 17 feet. 

Within a mile to the northward of the Cheesewring stands 
anotber extraordinary assemblage of rocks, termed — from their 
conical arrangement — Sharp Point Tor. Its elevation is 1200 



\^0 



VENNING SmSTORICAL NOTICES. 



feet above the sea, and the panoramic scener'y is very 'fine. This 
with Kihuar is the highest points in the district of East Cornwall'. 

At the top of Stowes near the Cheesewring is a level place, 
about three-quarters of '.-„.. ' - -.s-, _ 

an acre of land en- 
closed with a stone 
hedge, supposed to be 
once very strong. It 
was the Manor Pound 
to impound goods in 
'the manor of Rillaton ; 
and is called Stow's 
Pound to this day. 



- " The Parochial 
History of Cornwall" 
gives the following 
account ol a remark- 
able man called Daniel 
Oumb, who lived in 
the early part of the 
Eighteenth Century 
near Cheesewring, in 
a home which he 
provided for himself 
among the rocks : — 




CHEESEWRING. 



" Daniel Gumb, a stone-cutter, was born in this parish about 
the beginning of the last century. In the early part of his life he 
was very fond of reading, and of a reserved disposition and stu- 
dious habits, so that even in his youth he acquired a considerable 
amount of mathematical knowledge. But he became more par- 
ticularly noted through taking up his abode among the rocks of 
Stowes Common near the Cheesewring. Here he excavated the 
ground and placed strong posts under two horizontal slabs of 
granite, and thus formed a dwelling of the primitive order, with 
rocky cells and sleeping rooms adjoining of very narrow dimen- 
sions ; a little walled courtlage and garden on the south side 
<3ompleted the premises. When he had thus finished his dwelling 
place, the Mountain Philosopher— for by this name he had become 
generally known — took home his bride Florence, from the same 
parish, who brought him a numerous family all born and reared 
in this untaxed tenement. The mountain-top became his only 
place of devotion, for tradition says that he was never knotvn to 



LINKINHOKNE. '.191 



attend the parish Church or any other place of worship. His 
wife fully coincided with his eccentric notions and dispensed with 
the ceremony of churching at the increase of her family, being 
■quite assured that ' Daniel was a far better scolard than the 
passen was.' 

Under these singular circumstances it is not surprising that he 
was visited by many as Dne of the curiosities of the neighbour- 
hood. He turned his mathematical knowledge to practical 
use by occasionally surveying and mapping estates, and a 
headstone in the churchyard shows that he had attained to 
a respectable proficiency in letter-making. A diagram on one of 
the rocks of his now ruined dwelling seems intended to illustrate 
'a problem in Euclid ; ' D. Gumb 1735' on another is supposed to 
be the date of his marriage. But death, which lays his withering 
hand alike on the philosopher and the illiterate, and who canriot 
be barricaded against b3Suthe most ponderous masses of granite, 
nor foiled by the most astute tiiathematical disquisitions, at length 
■visited the narrow house of Daniel Gumb, and in 1776 he was 
consit'ned to a still narrower one. Some of his descendants long 
•continued to follow their father's occupation in the district." 
There are some of Gumb's distant relatives still living in the 
neighbourhood of Callington. 

Symonds, in his Diary of the great Civil 
KING CHARLES War of the Seventeenth Century, says : — 

AND THE .-The day after the King slept at Trecarrel in 

CIVIL WAR. Lezant, 1st Aug., 1641. he drew up his men on 
Caradon Down, in Linkinliorne, from whence 
accompanied by Prince Maurice, he marched to Liskeard. and was 
joined by many of the Cornish. He made this phi'^e his head-quarters 
for some time, the townsmen and contiguous country' people showing 
themselves very zeak)us and loyal in his service. By the latter private 
information was given him that on the 4th, many of the Parliament 
officers were to dine together at Boconnoc House, which they occupied. 
A party of liorse was accordingly despatched, which, surrounding the 
house, took nearly all of them prisoners by surprise." 

"Aug. 5th, 1G44. His Majestie went unto the heath, Caryton Downe, 
towards Launceston, and met those soldjeis which were raysed by his 
warrant of those that escaped Essex his search. Their commanders 
were most of them gone to Sir Richard Grenville. 'i'here were in all 
about 100. XX prisoners more taken this day from Essex." 

*' Sir William Bilfour, owing to the negligence of General Goring, at 
three o'clock of the dark morning of Saturday, August 81st, made his 
way through the King's quarters around Bocoimoc, with the whole of 
the Parliamentary horse, amonntinsi: to 2.50,). and got safe out of the 
county by way of Caradon Down, Pillaton and Saltash, Sir H. Grenville 
pursuing them when too late." 



192 venning's historical, notices. 



The immunities of the ancient village of Rilla 
ANTIQUITIES. Mill included a cucking stool for scolding 

women, the remains of which have existed 
within memory. A fair was formerly held there on the 6th of 
December. 

At Christa or Christer, there are the remains — the base only — 
of an ancient granite cross : the cross is supposed to be erected 
at Trebartha. 

There is a Charity called " Eoberts' Charity "which 
CHARITIES, was founded in 1760, forgiving prizes for attend- 
ance at Elementary Schools, and settled on 
Trustees. It was originally intended for educating boys in reading,, 
writing, arithmetic, and the art of navigation ; and girls in read- 
ing, writing, sewing, carding and spinning. The yearly value of 
this Charity is nearly £20, and it is generally distributed in 
prizes. 

There is also a Charity called " Knill's Charity," which was- 
given by Celia Knill, who lived at Exwell in this parish, and 
whose monument is in the Church. It amounts to about £66 lOs. 
annually, and is distributed to the deserving poor of the parish. 



We regret that by an oversight the following 

MONUMENTS, inscriptions on tablets upon the walls of the 

ADDENDA nave of the Parish Church were omitted to 

AND ERRATA, be inserted in their regular place, until it was 

too late ; although they were published in the 
last issue in 1887. 

"Here by the wall lyeth the body of Thomas Congdon, of Browda, in 
this parish, who was buried the 17th day of July, 1748, in the 6B year of 
his age. Also, near him lyeth the body of John, the son of Digory and 
Grace Kitto, of Browda, who was buried the second day of May, 1759, in 
the 4th year of his age. 

Reader, — Behold thyself by us we once were such as thou : 

And thou in time shall be, ev'n dust as we are now." 

■'Near this place lies the body of John Dingley. of Netherton, in this 
parish, who died on the D th day of April. 1772, aged 48 years. Also, Edward 
Dingley, (his brother), who died the 14th da^' of January, 177S, aged 52 
years. 

Reader, behold the life of Man, 
Is but a short contracted span. 
His lot is sorrow, care, and pain, 
Till he Returns to Dust again. 

Memento Mori." 



LINKINHORNE. 193 



•' In memor3' of John Dinsjle, late of Darley. in this parish, who de- 
parted this life the 18th day of January, 1792. aged 29 years. 

When sickness did Me sore oppress, 
And Death to nie drew near ; 
I Ardently to (iod did call. 
And he my suit did liear. 
He Instantly sent me relief, 
And Eas'd Me of My Pain. 
I subject was to his command. 
In Hopes with him to Reign." 

We have received from the Rev. C. C. C. Bosanquet, Vicar, 

the following translation of the Latin inscription on the Tablet 

to Edward Kneebone, who died ab Westcott in this parish, and 

regret that it did not arrive before so as to be substituted 

for the one given, as it is a more complete rendering of the 

inscription : — 

■■ Here is buried 
Edward Kneebone. descended from a noble family, but rendered far 
more illustrious for his unshaken devotion to his friends, his fast allegiance 
to the King and the Church of England, and his very courteous manners 
to all men. The arts and sciences that others cultivate abroad he acquired 
at home, being especially versed in matters mathematical. He was a most 
bitter enemy to deceit, avarice and their kindred vices. 

At last, 
the burden of his body daily becoming heavier, but the qualities of his 
mind and heart remaining in full vigour to the end. he died, to the grief 
of his friends, that is. of all who knew him, on the 16th of October, 

• ,, I of the Lord 1685 

in the year , . ^ i • i* ri 
•' ( and or his lite 54. 

His wife Edith has sorrowfully erected this monument to her beloved 
husband." 

The inscriptions on the monuments to the family of Saltren,. 
described as " Saltern," should read " Saltren." 

The inscriptions on the Hoor stones of the aisle "Frances, ye 
Relict of William Hooper " and the verse " Sleep sainte like 
creature," should read as two separate inscriptions on different 
stones. 

The neighbourhood of the Cheesewring, 

A GRAVE OF THE the Hurlers, and the site of Daniel 

BRONZE AOE, Gumb's House has always been a region 

3,500 YEARS OLD. of the deepest interest to antiquarians 

and archaeologists, who have found on 
the wide stretches of moorland thereabouts many traces of the 
early dwellers in Cornwall. Among the oldest and most interest- 
ing of these relics of the past must be numbered a very ancient 



194 venning's historical notices. 



cist or stone grave, situated in a Barrow on the eastern slope of 
the Cheesewring Hill. This grave is now believed to date back 
not only prior to the Eoman occupation, but even to an earlier 
period than that of the ancient Cornu-Britons and Druids. 
There are grounds for belief that the stone coffin discovered here 
was erected by a people from Northern Europe, perhaps from 
the country now known as Scandinavia ; that it contained the 
remains of one of their kings or chieftains, and that it dates back 
to some period in the Bronze Age — 1,500 years before the 
Christian Era ! Some sixty years ago the cist was fortunately 
saved from destruction, and in December 1900 it was restored as 
nearly as possible to its original form through the instrumentality 
of Mr. John Harris, of Liskeard, whose knowledge of the 
archaeological treasures of the district is well-known. 



^&* 



The Cornish Times, of January 5th, 1901, gives the following 
account, written by Mr. J. Harris, of Liskeard, who himself 
witnessed the discovery of this grave about 60 years since. 

" On a fine spring morning some sixty years ago, I saw a crowd of half- 
nude men digging ruthlesslj- into the old grave Barrow that has stood from 
time immemorial on the eastern slope of the hill between the traditional 
Hurlers and that towering rock idol, the Cheesewring. Tradition, with 
her thousand tongues, said this Barrow was the tomb of a Cornish king or 
Roman general, the Arch-Druid of the day, an Irish saint, &c. ; and, 
moreover, that vast treasures lay buried with the body, and that in the 
early part of the Century a golden boat had been found concealed beneath 
its surface. It was the prosiiect of finding gold that induced those excited 
men to make such frantic efforts to open out the Barrow. 

Failing to find anything of value in the centre, it was proposed to cut 
a drift or gullet through the Barrow from east to west. In commencing 
this work, near the eastern face they came on a fiat boulder of granite, 9ft. 
long and (jft. wide, on which rested at the northern end a small triangular 
fiat stone similar to the centre stone in the middle circle of the Hurlers. 
This large stone, which proved to be the cover or copestone of the cist. 
was supported on eight other stones, from 3ft. to 4ft. high, of various 
breadths, placed one at the north end or head of the grave, another at the 
south or foot, and three on each side, the whole enclosing a floor stone. 
7ft. long and .3ft. wide, on which rested a small fiat stone lying diagonally 
against the centre stone on the western side. The inside of this well- 
formed stone coffin measured 7ft. long, 3ft. high, and 3ft. wide. None of 
the stones forming the coffin bore any mark of tool, but were fixed in their 
pristine state whole. 

Resting on the fioor-stone or bottom of the coffin were the remains of 
a human skeleton (which crumbled to dust on being exposed to the air), 
some small pieces of bronze, bits of greenish glass or pottery, and bits of 
ivory, which some thought were teeth, whilst others contended that these 
small pieces of bronze, glass, and ivory were small ornaments of dress or 
armour. Also found in the coffin were a small bronze spear or arrow-head, 
a short bronze sword, a burial urn of coarse bricklike quality, and a gold 
goblet or drinking cup of peculiar workmanship, quite distinct from 



LINKINHORNK. 195 



Saxon, Roman, or Phoenician manufacture, shaped like a modern break- 
fast cup, some three or four inches deep and the same in diameter at the 
mouth, and ornamented with a dozen horizontal bands or corrugations. 
This cup was taken in charge by the late Rev. G. Norris, of Rosecraddock, 
was afterwards sent to the Queen at Osborne, and placed with other 
ancient relics at the Swiss Cottage, subsequently deposited in the British 
Museum, and thence removed to South Kensington, where it now remains. 

After plundering the coffin of its ancient and valuable contents, it was 
left open and exposed until the large and urgent demand for granite, 
wherewith to fortify the coast-line, necessitated the cutting up of the 
thousands of grand old surface boulders that lay scattered over the moors. 
Indeed, so large and pressing was this order that grave doubts arose that 
the massive Cheesewring itself would have been swept away and lost to 
the admiring gaze of thousands. But Prince Albert, then President of 
the Duchy Council, prohibited tlie quarrying or removal of any stone 
within a certain prescribed distance of that grand old pile of rocks, and it 
would have been well if the Hurlers, British villages, hut circles, Gumb's 
House, the stone crosses, cairns, cromlechs, barrows, and other ancient 
relics in the district had been included in the same protective clause. 

We may fairly assume that the coffin contained the remains of a 
Scandinavian king or chief, as it is well known that their arms and 
valuables were invariably buried with them for future use in Valhalla. 
We may also conclude that it was erected during some period of the 
Bronze Age. and by a people from the North, whilst at the same time it 
tends to disjiose of the various traditions that the Barrow is the tomb of 
an Arch-Druid, Roman general, Cornish king, saint, &c. 

During the last thirty years the Barrow has been visited and the cist 
inspected by several Archaeological Societies and a vast number of tourists, 
amongst them many distinguished antiquarians, who have expressed a 
wish for the restoration of this ancient burial place. Having obtained 
the kind permission of the Duchy Steward (Mr. Alex. M. Webster), I 
proceeded one afternoon last week to replace the stones in their original 
positions. In order to lift the heavy copestone on to its supports, it be- 
came necessary to pass a hoist chain under the floorstone. On raising the 
latter, we made rather a curious discovery, for underneath the stone we 
found a jtiece of glass and a sheet of notepaper bearing an engraved 
heading, ' Duchy of Cornwall Office. Liskeard.' This remained perfectly 
clear and legible, whilst any writing that may have been upon the sheet 
was totally obliterated, the paper being discoloured, spotted, and rotten 
from contact with the soil during the many years it had been immured 
under the floorstone. It was prolmbly dropped there by a Mr. CoUense, 
or Colenso, the then Duchy agent, who took a great deal of interest in the 
Barrow at the time. 

The theory that the Cheesewring liarrow was the grave of a Cornish 
king arises prol)ably from a confusion of the spot with the grave of 
Donyert, a short distance to the south-west. Donyert is said to liave been 
a king or prince of Cornwall in the Nintli Century, and was drowned in 
crossing the Draynes river whilst luuiting tlie wild boar. As to its being 
a Roman general's grave, that assumption is easily disposed of, as those 
early invaders buried their soldiers under their roads — a custom which the 
British afterwards frequently copied. Neither did Cornish or Irish saints 
have [^arrows raised to their memory, though often interred under stone 
crosses. Besides, the contents of the cist i)rove that its erection took 
place long before the numerous family of saints arrived in Cornwall. 



196 



VENNING S HISTOKICAL NOTICES. 



Altogether, there is every justification for holding that the oist, as I have 
stated, dates from the Bronze Age, is something like 3,500 years old, and 
contained the body of a warrior chief from the North. 



Liskeard, December 26th, 1900." 



J. H. 



ST. MELLION. 

St. Mellion or St. Mellyn is so named from 
THE CHURCH, its patron Saint, St. Mellanus, Melanus, or 

Mellyan, to whom the Church was dedicated. 
This Saint was Bishop of Eennes, and died in the year 490. In 
the year 1508 or 9, on the 13th of February, Bishop Oldham 
appropriated the parish Church of St. Mellanus to the priest- 
vicars of his Cathedral. The patronage belongs to W. Coryton, 
Esq., of Pentillie Castle, and has been in the Coryton family for 
400 years. 




Photo by] 



ST. MEI.LIOX CHURCH. 



[HaiTix, tjiietliiijck. 



Hals in writing of the value of this living says : — 

■■ In the Inquisition of the Bishops of Lincoln and Winchester 121I4 into 
the value of Cornish Benefices, EcclesiEe Sanctse Melani in decanatu 



ST. MELLION. 197 



de East £4. In Wolsey's Inquisition 1521, £11 12 B. The patronage 

in Coryton ; the incumbent ; and the parish rated to the 4s. 

per pound land tax. \i'M\. for one year, £1H) IH U." 

The Church is an ancient buildinc^ in the Decorated and Per- 
pendicular styles, consisting of chancel, nave of three bays, north 
aisle, south transept, south porch and an embattled western 
tower containing six bells. The five old bells were recast in 
Easter, 1898, and a new one was added. The chancel retains 
its piscina and there is another in the transept. The Church 
was restored in 1862, at a cost of £1,000, and has 300 sittings. 
The register dates from the year 1558. 

There are several monuments in the church 
MONUMENTS, to the Coryton family, among which is one 

against the wall of the north aisle which is 
an original slab with Brasses to Peter Coryton Esq., who died 
March 24th, 1551, and Jane (Tregasoo), his widow, who died in 
1558, with the following inscription : — 

•' Herr inider lyethe the Bodye of Pftter Coryto/i /'J.<«i/u/er irhichc Ih/id the 
XXII I fth dayeOf Murche hi yere, of or Lorde (iod MCCCCCLl and Jane 
his ivyfe dory liter «('; t^re unto John Trey /moo vhiche Jane Dyed the — day 
of — in the yere of nnr Lorde (iod MCCCCCLV I U of tohoae soule God hare 
M'cy ; ichich had XXI 1 1 f rliildren hetweene tliem." 

Underneath are the effigies of the father and mother, and all 
the children, representing 17 sons and 7 daughters. 

The male figure is attired in a hauberk and plate armour but 
is bareheaded, and the lady in a triangular headdress and long 
gown ; over the effigies are three quartered shields ; the whole is 
surrounded with the above inscription on a continuous brass 
fillet with medallions at the angles bearing figures of animals ; 
above this brass are placed an ancient helmet, a dagger and 
lances. 

There are also two fine Monuments: or. ■ on each side. On 
one is a kneeling effigy of Sir William Coryton who died in 1711, 
and of Dame Susannah (Littleton) his wife who died in 1695 ; 
a fine canopy above the kneeling figures is supported by marble 
pillars. The inscription on this one is 

" /// memory <f Sr. William Coryton, liarrt. oh 6 Decemhr. 1711. .h'tat 67. 
Dame S/isanna Coryton lii>i n'/fe, oh G Aiiytist, 1(J95. ^Ktat 24." 

On the elaborate monument opposite, of similar design, is re- 
presented the efiigy of William Coryton, Esq., who died in 1651, 
and l^jlizabeth (Chichester) his wife in 1656. It consists of a 



198 venning's historical notices. 

canopied arch supported on marble columns, beneath which are 
effigies of both, kneeling at a desk ; within the arch is a long 
inscription and above a shield of arms. 

GVLIELMI CORYTON. 

Armigi rii-t geneve et vivtutibas illustris defiincti pvid Cal ; Maij, 1651. 

This Marble Pile is placed on 

The Thrice Renowned Coryton : 

But his own name a Trov>hie shall 

Out last this His Memoriall. 

Grave, Wise, and Pious, Heav'n him lent 

To be his Ages President. 

Both Good and Great, and yet Belou'd ; 

In judgment lust, in trust's Approv'd ; 

Honour"d by th' Offices he bore 

In Publique : but by's Meeknesse more. 

Loyall in warre ; in Peace he stood 

The Pillar of the Common-good, 

Wordes may not set his Prayses foorth, 

Noe Prayses comprehend his Worth : 

His Worth doth speake him thus, in briefe, 

Cornwall's late Glory, now its Grief. 

This William Coryton was M.P, for Launceston and Callington, 
and was imprisoned with Hampden, Eliot and others, for refusing 
to subscribe to forced loans. He was one of the members pro- 
secuted for detaining the speaker Finch in his chair. 

There are remains of banners and helmets of the Coryton family 
still suspended on the walls near the monuments. 

'• Sacred to the memory of John Coryton, Esqr., of Crocadon, who died 
December 14ih, 1803 ; aged (33 years. And of Mary Jemima, his wife, who 
died January 8th, 1771:) ; aged 2'.l years. 

Sacred to the memory of William Coryton. born 17th February, 1807 : 
died 17th May, 1836. 

Sacred to the memory of Elizabeth Coryton, of Cliff Cottage, Dawlish ; 
born 14th of November, 1775 ; died 7th of February, 1841. 

And of Jane Corytoa, her sister ; born Gth December. 1778 ; died 1st of 
May, 1856. 

Sacred to the memory of John Tillie Coryton. Esqre., of Pentillie Castle, 
born April 4th, 1773 ; died September lUth, 1843 ; aged 70 years. 

And also to Elizabeth, his wife ; born November 19th, 1784 ; died March 
26th, 1824 ; aged 3'J years. 

Sacred to the memory of Mary Anne Coryton, who died May 4th, 1848 ; 
aged 37 years." 

On the south side of the chancel there is a Memorial to the 
Eev. Granville Coryton, late Kector, who died in 1876. 



ST. MELLION. 199 



In the transept there is a memorial window to Jemima 
Coryton, who died September 10th, 1853, and Elizabeth Cory- 
ton, who died in September, 1859. It was presented by Miss 
Coryton. 

There was a Chapel formerly in this parish, dedicated to St. 
Eligius, Bishop of Noyen, and licensed by Bishop Lacy in favour 
of the Dyrlington or Dillington family, who (according to Gilbert) 
held the Manor of Pillaton on the 22nd November, 1448 ; but at 
present there are not any remains of this to be seen. 

John Lydstone, whose name is given in our list of Rectors of 
this parish, and who died in 1663, was a person of great learning 
and piety, and was chaplain to the Parliament army. On the 
reverses of Essex at Lostwithiel in 1644, he was seized by the 
royal party and imprisoned at Exeter. About 1653, he was pre- 
sented to this living, and on his ejection he removed to Saltash, 
where he continued to preach to the small numbers who had 
courage to meet and hear him. He and his family were sub- 
jected to much persecution. Another account states that he 
died in 1671. 

Although Methodism has not made as much 
METHODISM, advance in this parish as in some others in the 

District, yet it is about the third place in the 
Callington Wesleyan Circuit where it was introduced. Preaching 
services were held about the end of the Eighteenth or the begin- 
ning of the Nineteenth Century in the house of a Mr. Webb at 
Dunstan. This Mr. Webb afterwards went to reside at Wise 
Wandra, and introduced Methodist services there. For many 
years they were held at Dunstan in a cottage, which was rented 
and fitted up as a preaching place, and afterwards in a farm- 
house of Mr. Sampson Garland, also at Dunstan. The services 
were held here until the new Chapel was built at Bealbury in 
1872, The site of the Chapel was given by the late Mrs. Jenefer 
Hodge, and the cost of its erection was about £300, which has 
been entirely defrayed for many years. The principal promoter 
of the erection of tiiis Cliapel was the Publisher of this Directory, 
and who acted as Treasurer and Steward until it was free of 
debt. He also, with the assistance of others, was the means of 
establishing a Sunday School in connection with the Chapel after 
its erection. For years he was called " The Bishop of Bealbury" 
and "The Perpetual Curate of Frogwell," because of his close 
connection with and interest in these two Schools and places of 
worship, but lie derived no pecuniary benefit from either the 
bishopric or curacy. A piece of ground is attached to the Chapel, 



200 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 




Photo by^ 



HEAi.iUTRY WESLKYAN CHAPKL. [Harrlx, QuethiocJc. 



which could be used as a small Burial ground if desired. We 
regret, however, to have to say that partly on account of the 
sparsely populated district in the centre of which this Chapel 
stands, and the removal of several ^lethodist families, and partly 
from the lack of interest on the part of those who reside near, 
this neat little Chapel was for two or three years closed, and the 
Sunday School was also given up after an existence of 25 years. 
At the request of a few residing in the neighbourhood, the Chapel 
was re-opened for worship about two years since by a special 
service conducted by the Editor. There has been a marked 
improvement in both interest and attendance, but the School has 
not yet been recuscitated. 

Newton Ferrers was the property of the ancient 

NEWTON family of De Ferrers, who resided here from a 

FERRERS. remote period until J 314, when Isolda, daughter 

and lieiress of John De Ferrers, carried it in 

marriage to John Coryton, Esq., of Coryton, in Lifton, Devon. 

The property was held by the Corytons until that family became 

extinct in the male line on the decease of Sir John Coryton in 

1739, who gave it to his widow Eachel, daughter of Weston 

Helyar, of East Coker, Somerset. One of the Helyars, wishing 



ST. MELLION. 



201 



to concentrate his property in Somerset, sold Newton Park and 
other property to Edward Collins, Esq., of Truthan, St. Erme. 
On his decease it was inherited by his son Edward, who also 
resided at Truthan ; on his decease it came to his eldest son 
Edward, who resided here, and at Truthan ; and on his death in 
1870, it was inherited by Digby Collins, Esq., the present pro- 
prietor and occupier. 

This mansion, which consists of a main Ijody and side 
wings, is large and commodious, and is pleasantly situated 
amidst well wooded grounds and bold and picturesque scenery. 
It is supposed to have been erected sometime in the Four- 
teenth Century, and from that period until the Eighteenth 
(Century it was the seat of the Coryton family who resided 
here. 



The Mansion was restored about 17 years since by Mr. Digby 
Collins to its primitive style at great expense, who fitted it up as 
a permanent residence for Inmself. Over the entrance to the 
front door is erected an image of the god Janus, which was 
discovered embedded about three feet under the floor of the 
servants' hall in excavating, when the liouse was under restora- 
tion. The image is in a perfect state, and has two faces, one old 
and the other young, to typify the old and new year, as Janus 
is supposed to represent the month of January — though originally 
the eleventh of the 
calendar year was 
dedicated to him — 
with one face look- 
ing back on the past, 
and the otlier for- 
ward to the future. 
This was an ancient 
Italian god wlio was 
supposed to preside 
over all new under- 
takings, and re- 
presented with two 
faces, to denote tliat 
he views at once tlie 
past and approaching 
years. He was be- 
fore all other gods ; 
he has a sceptre in 




NEWTON FEKREKS. 



his light hand, and a ke\ in his left to 



signify his extensive authority and his invention of locks. 



202 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



After viewing some parts of the interior of the house, and on 
entering the grounds at the front, reason is given for the dis- 
covery of this god, as close by the old entrance granite piers — 
vphich are in the above illustration — we were pointed to the 
ruined walls of a Roman Catholic Chapel, which formerly existed 
there. This is the chapel referred to in the registers as being 
licensed by Bishop Stafford on March 12th, 1417. There are 
also tine statues of Mars and Minerva in the front of the house, 
which in the illustration are hidden by the ornamental trees. 

Digby Collins, Esq., of Newton Ferrers, Callington, J. P., D.L., 
and Sheriff for Cornwall, in 1887, is the grandson of Edward 
Collins, of Truthan, near Truro, who was born in 1747, made 
Sheriff in 1801, and died in 1827. He married Mary, daughter 
of Richard Thomas, Esq., and sole heir of her great uncle 




DIGBY COLLINS, ESQ., NHWI ON FERRERS. CALLINGTON. 



ST. MELLION. 20$ 



Richard Thomas, of Tretheake in Veryan, and had issue Clement 
who died young, Edward of Truthan who was born in 1782, and 
Mary who died unmarried in 1827. Edward was Sheriff in 
1830 and died in 1855. He married Ehzabeth, 2nd daughter of 
Francis Drake, Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy Extra- 
ordinary to George III. at Munich, and had issue 1st Edward of 
Truthan and Newton Ferrers, who died in 1870 unmarried ; 2nd 
son Charles, who also died without issue ; and Digby the 3rd son 
who inherited the estates, and was educated at Eton and Trinity 
Hall, Cambridge. He married in 1881 Jane Arabella, daughter 
of Rev. W. Vaughan, Elector of Pontesbury, Salop, and widow 
of W. Tatham, Esq., of Heppington, Kent, and is now Lord of 
the Manors of Treworgan, Dunnerdake and Pillaton, and the 
Patron of Pillaton Living. The founder of this family wa& 
M.P. for Launceston in the x'eign of Henry II. 

Arms—Sa, a chevron anj. ([uttee-de-Stuig between three doves ppr. Creat — 
A dove vnth ivings expanded ppr. Motto — Volubo iit requleacaw,. 

Hals in writing of Newton Ferrers in this parish, which in his 
time was the seat of the Coryton family, says : — 

" Niew-tone now Newton, synonymous words, signifies after the English 
Saxon a new town, was another district or voke hinds of a manor taxed 
in the Domesday Book, 1087 ; which k)r'dshi[) for many ages hath been 
the seat of that ancient British family surnamed de Coryton." 

'■ William Coryton, Esq., Member of Parliament for Killaton (Callington), 
was one of those imprisoned Members of Parliament, temj). Charles 1., 
I(i28, who asserted the prerogative of Parliament, the liberty and 
property of the subject, against the despotic and arbitrary power of 
the monarch, set up by Noye, his Attorney General, for which he was 
fined five hundred pounds, and could not be delivered from prison till 
he had paid that sum, but forced to make a submission, and acknowl- 
edgment of his offence and [lut in security for his good behaviour." 

This William Coryton, who at the time of the open rupture 
between King Charles I. and his Parliament, was M.P. for 
Launceston, actively espoused the cause of the Parliament with 
Sir Richard Buller, of Morval, M.P. for the County, Sir Alexan- 
der Carew, of Antony, and Sir Richard Robartes, of Lanhy- 
drock. The King had on his side Sir Beville Granville, of 
Kilkhampton, wlio was one of his generals ; Francis Basset of 
Tehidy ; Sir John Trelawny, of Trelawny, i\ltarnun ; Major 
Kendall, of Pelyn ; Oliver Sawle, Esq., of Penrice, and others. 

Hals also says of this William Coryton : — 

" He was the father of Sir John Corj^ton of this place, who the 27th 
February, 13 Charles II.. KjGI, was by his letters patent of that date. 



204 venning's historical notices. 

created the GOoth Baronet of England. He married Mills of Exeter, 
and had issue by her Sir John Cory ton, Bart., his eldest son ; who 
married one of the heirs of Sir Richard Chiverton, Knight, bred a 
Skinner in London, and was Lord Mayor of that city 9 Charles II., 
1657, by whom he had issue two daughters. He was Sheriff of Corn- 
wall, 1682." 

■" After his decease, his younger brother, William Coryton, Esq., Barrister- 
at Law, succeeded to his honour and estate ; who married the daughter 
of Sir Theophilus Biddulph, of Westcombe in Kent, the 744th 
Baronet of England, by letters patent, bearing date 2 November, 16 
Charles II. ; by whom he had issue Sir John Coryton. Bart., now 
extant." 

" After Sir William's first wife's death, he married the widow and relict of 
Thomas Williams, Cient., a goldsmith or banker of Lombard Street, 
in London ; by whom, though a very aged woman, to recompence that 
defect he had much riches or wealth. After his death she married Sir 
Nicholas Trevanion, of S. Germans, who followed in marriage the 
Delphic oracle's direction and Dion's, 

Refuse noe women nere soe old, 
Whose marriage bringeth store of gold." 

Tonkin says of Newton Ferrers : — 

*' The principal manor or seat in this iiarish is West Newton Ferrers, so 
called from its relative situation to another Newton, and from its 
ancient lords the Ferrers. As for the name Newton, it signifies no 
other than the plain meaning of the word, a new town or house. In 
the valuation made by Edward the First this manor is called Newton, 
without any addition, as is the case at present in common speech. 
William de Ferrers was knight of the shire with Thomas le Erchdekoe 
Knight 8 Edward II." 

Crockadon was the ancient seat of the Trevisa family, and it 
is supposed to be the place where John Trevisa was born, who 
died about 1470, aged 86, and 50 years after Wyclitfe. He was 
the celebrated Translator of the Bible, and the Acts of King 
Arthur. Crockadon was purchased by Sir William Coryton of 
William Trevisa (who was the last of that family), about the 
year 1690 ; and it was the seat of the Corytons until 1812, when 
they removed to Pentillie Castle in Pillaton Parish. There are 
remains of the mansion still to be seen. 

Westcott, which is partly in this parish and has other parts in 
the parishes of St. Dominick and Callington, was another district 
taxed in the Domesday Book, 1087. It is now the property of 
Mr. Peter Hambly, the present occupier. 



NOKTHHILL. 



205 



NORTHHILL. 

The Church is dedicated to St. Torney, who (accord- 
ing to " Butler's Lives of the Saints "j was a Holy 
Irish Priest and Monk, who laboured with unwearied 
zeal in bringing souls to the perfect practice of 
Christian virtue. The territory about Antwerp reaped the chief 
fruit of his Apostolic Mission ; and he died there about the closa 
of the Eighth Century. 



PATRON 
SAINT. 




NOKI IIIIIIJ. CUUKCH. 

The Church is an ancient building of granite 
THE CHURCH, in the Perpendicular style. It has a south 

porch, with fine roof of granite and parvise, 
and an embattled western tower with crocketed })innacles, con- 



^06 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



taining six bells ; also a chancel, nave, north and south aisles. 
The chancel was restored by the late Rector, Rev. Charles Rodd. 
Under the east window is an alabaster Reredos ; at each angle 
are ogee-canopied niches ; and there is an ancient piscina in the 
€ast wall and part of a hagioscope. 

The tower is built upon the hard elvan rock, which may be 
seen protruding through the floor near the south door. 

The exterior of the Church was restored in 1892 at a great 
cost, and in 1897 internally (according to our illustration) at a 
cost of £1,100. It will seat 350 persons. The register of 
baptisms dates from the year 1621 ; marriages from 1555; and 
burials from 1630. 




NORTH II ILL Clina 11 — INTKKIDK. 



In the north wall there is a tomb or Easter 
MONUMENTS, sepulchre; and at one end of the Church 

there is an ornamented altar tomb of slate, 
on which is the following inscription : — 

" Here is ye body of Thomas Vincent Gentleman, and Jane his wife, hy 
whome he had 8 sonnet and 7 daughters, he departed this life 29th of March 
1600, she ye 7th Jany. 1601 r 



NORTHHILL. 207 



The effigies of both parents and their fifteen children are dis- 
played in the attitude of devotion. There are also figures of 
death and of our Lord with Latin inscriptions. 

This monument formerly stood in the east wall of the church 
on the site of the present organ. 

There are also monuments inscribed as follows : — 

" Here lyeth the hodije of Henri Spoure, of Trebath, Esquier, who departed 
this h/fe the VIH daye of October, Ayino domi 1603, who had issue V sonnet 
and VI daughters, his ailqe 61. 

As thou art, so was I, 

And as I am, so shalt thou be." 

" Here lieth ye body of Richard Spoure ; ye son and heire of Heyiry Spoure, 
Esq., and Elizabeth ■ loho was buried ye 20th day of April! in Anno Domini 
1623. 

This carved tombe the sad inscription beares, 
Of my soone death, and of my parents teares 
For my departure, Thousjh that happy I 
By that was freed from future misery ; 
And now instead of their fond dandling kisses, 
I now enjoy a heaven, — a heaven of blisses, 
Waile not therefore for me, but heavens implore, 
That God with other issue you would store ; 
Whose pious lives may cause you joyful! eyes ; 
And Tend your death with sacred obsequies." 

In the chancel there is a new memorial window : 

" To the glory of God and in memory of Fni/iris Rodd. mho died March 
2nd, ISSO, aged 73. Alw of Mary /;/.s- irif^, who died May 17th. 1HI>6, 
aged 56." 

Another lai'ge memorial window is in memory of Emma, 
daughter of the late Rev. Charles Rodd ; and there is also 
one in memory of Charles Edward Rodd, who died 13th 
December, 1865, aged 16 years. The Rev. Charles Rodd, late 
Rector of this parish, was buried in the family vault, and a 
modest marble monument has been erected in the chancel to 
his memory. 

In 1899, a stained glass window was erected in the south aisle 
by Sir Rennell Rodd and his mother, in memory of the late 
Major Rodd. 

It is evident from the only relic which is still preserved that 
there was once a Chapel licensed at Trebartha. It is a Mural 
Tablet of a child in a Chrysom garment, with a Latin inscrip- 



208 venning's histokical notices. 



tion now quite illegible. This monument was originally found in 
a heap of rubbish near the Chapel at Trebartha, by Edmund 
Spoure circa 1694. It was subsequently re-discovered face 
downwards in the floor of an out-house by the present owner of 
Trebartha, and is now fixed in the east wall of the Church in 
the Trebartha aisle. 

It was somewhere about the year 1786 when 

METHODIST Adam Clarke was in Plymouth Dock Circuit 

HISTORY. that Methodism was introduced into this parish. 

The first preaching places in the parish were at 
the houses of a Mr. Richard Peter at Illand, and Mr. John Nile 
at Batten's Farm, in the village of Northhill. This John Nile 
previously referred to — who opened his house at the request of 
Adam Clarke for preaching services at Botternell, in Linkinhorne 
— removed from there to Batten's Farm in 1786, where he also 
opened his house to the Methodist Preachers. Here services 
were conducted every Sunday afternoon, and in course of time 
a Society was formed, the Class Leader being Mr. Thomas Jasper, 
of Tremollett. Adam Clarke preached at Batten's Farm once, 
at least, and his visit is connected with an amusing episode. 
Molly Nile, the farmer's wife, was a good old Christian, and 
took great care of the preachers when they came to Battens, 
always providing something special for the preacher's supper. 
On the occasion of Adam Clarke's visit, Molly anticipated supper- 
time by cutting off some dainty slices of meat from the joint at 
the dinner table, which she put away very carefully in the pantry. 
Forgetting, however, to close the door behind her, the cat walked 
in and seeing those delicious morsels devoured them, and the 
preacher had to go without his supper. 

For several years there was preaching at Battens, varied by 
services at other places in the village, while prayer meetings were 
held at Trekernel, the residence of Mr. Wm. Wevill. 

It was in 1809, when the Launceston Circuit was divided and 
the Liskeard Circuit formed, that all the places from Caradon 
southward thenceforth belonged to Liskeard ; and the Launceston 
Circuit reached from Botternell on the south to Kilkhampton on 
the north. The Revs. John Walmsley, Superintendent, and W. 
Beal, Junior Minister, were both stationed at Launceston when 
the Circuit was divided. The latter to the end of his long and 
useful life was never weary of talking about his first Circuit at 
Launceston, which embraced Northhill. Then there were flour- 
ishing Societies in this section of the Launceston Circuit, and it 
was suggested that suitable Chapels should be erected. The 



NORTHHILL. 



209 



subject was discussed, approved of heartily, and in the year 1810 
the building of Chapels began. 

At Northhill the first Methodist Chapel was erected, and it is- 
still used for preaching services. It is the oldest place of worship- 
in the Circuit. A Mr. Thomas Jasper, who was the Class Leader 
of the Society at Battens, took a prominent position in this 
undertaking, and advanced the money for the purpose of building. 
A piece of land was secured, and legally conveyed to a body of 
Trustees, all of whom were hearty supporters of the Wesleyan 
Society. The names of those forming the Trust of the first 
Methodist Chapel in the Northhill Circuit were Thomas Jasper, 
TremoUett; Matthew Wevill, Northhill; Edward Jasper, Tre- 
moUett ; Edward Brown, Northhill; William Pearse, Tremol- 
lett ; Walter Dawe, Kingbear ; Samuel Peter, Illaftd ; Thomas 
Vosper, Richard Vosper, and George Vosper, of Upton, Le- 
wanick ; and Reginald Jenkin, of Penhole. 

The Chapel was opened by the Rev. John Riles, Chairman of 
the Plymouth Dock District, and great numbers came from, 
far and near. They trudged along the road ; many came on 
horseback with their fair spouses on a pillion behind them ; they 
throDged the Chapel to the doors, and many stood without unable 
to gain admittance ; and the service was a memorable one. 

In 1786 Adam Clarke preached on Shrove Tuesday at Illand, 
in the house of Mr. Richard Peter. For many years services 
were conducted here until Mr. Peter's decease. The Methodists 
then held their services for a short time at TremoUett, after 
which they came to Coad's Green, and occupied an empty 
cottage in the road leading to Penhole. Here they met in Class,, 
held Prayer Meetings, and established a Sunday School. 

Eour years before Northhill Chapel was built, a family resided 
at Trebartha Barton, which was destined to play an important 
part in Methodism in this parish and circuit. At that time a 
little boy was born at the farm-house named, and they called 
liini Thomas. His father was removed by a painful and sudden 
death from his family. Some years after Thomas was taken to 
Lanoy farm at Coad's Green, where he lived with his elder brother 
William. When about 11 years of age a revival took place and 
many in this locality were brought to God, among them being 
Thomas Pethick and Richard Hicks, then boys together on 
Lanoy farm. Their zeal for God led them to hold Prayer 
Meetings in the barn. This was not approved of by Mr. William 
Pethick, and he forbade any religious service to be held on the 



210 venning's historical notices. 

premises. In fact, his opposition to Methodism was most 
decided at that time. One morning as WiUiam Pethick passed 
the bedroom of his younger brother, he heard him praying for 
his conversion ; his wife first heard the prayer and then called 
her husband. He was affected by the earnestness of the prayer. 
He felt there must be something in this new sort of religion alter 
all, if it caused his brother thus to pray for him. He thought 
it over. About this time he had a dream which produced a great 
effect upon him, and ere-long He who speaketh by dreams in 
the night watches, brought William Pethick to see his sinfulness 
and his Saviour, and he became a sincere Christian. His wife 
also became converted. 

It was now decided to build a Chapel at Coad's Green, and in 
1826 a piece of land belonging to Mr. William Pethick was con- 
veyed to Trustees, and the foundation of the present old Chapel 
— now used for a Sunday and Day School — was laid. Mr. 
Thomas Pethick .used to relate, with a smiling countenance, how 
he held one end of the tape by which the size of the building 
was determined, and watched the workmen put in almost every 
stone until it was finished. Mr. and Mrs. William Pethick died, 
and their remains were placed in the neatly kept Burial Ground 
adjoining the Chapel. Their decease was a great loss, but the good 
work went on. Mr. Thomas Pethick heartily and energetically 
laboured in connection with the cause, and sometime afterwards 
the old Chapel had to be enlarged to meet the growing demands 
of the congregation. Thus Methodism prospered at Coad's 
Green, and in all the prosperity no one rejoiced more than Mr. 
Thomas Pethick. Although for many years previous to his death 
Mr. Pethick had not resided in the neighbourhood, yet he had 
always taken the heartiest interest in Northhill Methodism, and 
his name will never be forgotten by many who have received his 
benefaction. The words of Job are applicable to him — " The 
blessing of him that was ready to perish came upon me : and I 
caused the widow's heart to sing for joy." 

Mr. Thomas Pethick, who went to reside at Bristol and 
succeeded in business as a merchant, was up to the time of his 
death, which occurred February 2.3rd, 1884, a great supporter of 
Methodism not only at Coad's Green, but throughout the Circuit. 
His son, Mr. William Pethick, of Bristol, who is a J. P. and also 
a merchant, makes Lanoy his occasional Summer residence. 
He has generously continued to contribute largely to the funds 
of Methodism in the Northhill Circuit, supported by his late 
father. 



NORTHHILL. 



211 



In the Chapel at Coadsgreen there is a beautiful Marble Tablet 
in the shape of a scroll on which is inscribed :^ 

" In Revered and Loving Memory of Thomas Pethick flute of Lanoi/) 
Born at NorthhilU Fehruary 3rd, 1S06. lie received the Kingdom, of God 
<ix a little child and walked in its Light and Freedom For a Period of Sixty 
Eight Years. As Local Preacher, Class Leader and Steward, He served his 
Generation Faithfully, and Fell Asleep In Jesus Fehruary 23rd. 1SS4. 

Also of Susan his wife loho entered into Rest September 0th, 1S86. 

' Lo He bri)ujeth them unto the Haven where they would be.' — Ps. 107.30." 

The present neat and pretty little country 

COADSQREEN Chapel at Coadsgreen was erected in the 

CHAPEL. year 1848, and for the population in the 

neighbourhood — which is mainly agricultural 
—is very commodious, for since its erection the inhabitants in 
the parish have decreased in numbers at every census. There are 
convenient vestries adjoining the Chapel at the rear. A School- 
room is also near, which was formerly used as the old chapel ; 




COADSGREEN WESLEVAN CHAPEL. 



212 venning's historical notices. 



it has class-rooms attached, and a stable and coach-house. 
There is also a large Burial Groundj in which many have been 
interred. 

In 1868, when the Northhill Circuit was divided from Laun- 
ceston, Coadsgreen was made the head of the Circuit, being the 
most central. In addition to the complete set of premises which 
the Wesleyans previously possessed, a Minister's house called 
"The Manse" was erected very near the Chapel, the site of 
which was granted by the late Mr. Thomas Pethick, who also 
contributed largely towards the erection, the cost of which, about 
£400, was soon entirely defrayed by the Circuit. There are 
eleven places of worship in the Circuit, nearly all of which possess 
complete premises with conveniences attached, including Ceme- 
teries, which, we venture-to say, are not surpassed by any other 
Circuit in Cornwall. The Northhill Circuit has been called " The 
Model Country Circuit of Methodism." 

This parish, like Linkinhorne, is divided 

LYNHER AND into east and west portions by the river 

KILMAR ROCKS. Lynher. The eastern part is situated on 

slate, in which good blocks of native elvan 
have been found ; the western rests wholly on granite, and dis- 
plays some of the most rugged, grand, and romantic scenery of 
the County. It is in this parish the celebrated group of rocks 
called Kilmar are situated. Their position is almost as remark- 
able as the Cheesewring, and stands at even a higher altitude, 
being 1277 feet above sea level. To the north of Kihnar Rocks- 
are also tvvo other piles of rocks, which are strikingly grand — 
Trewartha Tor, which includes King Arthur's Bed, and Hawk's 
Tor. Eidge Hill, and the Cascade, both in this parish, should 
be visited. 

Trebartha Hall, which is the seat of Francis 
TREBARTHA. Rashleigh Rodd, Esq., belonged to the ancient 

family of that name in the reign of Edward 
III. The last male heir of Trebartha died in the reign of Henry 
VII., leaving a daughter who married Thomas Spoure. His 
family occupied Trebartha until 1727, when it was bequeathed 
by the heiress of Spoure, Mrs. Grylls, widow, to her 3rd intended 
husband and cousin, Francis Rodd, Esq., the ancestor of the 
present owner. 

The Trebartha-Lemarne Tin Mine is on this estate, and was 
worked for tin by a local company but discontinued some yeara 



NORTHHILL. 



213 




TREHAKI'llA HALL. 



since. In connection with this mine there is a curious MS. 
whicli is still preserved, written by PI Spoure, Esq., in 1694, the 
last male heir of that family, in which he says that when the 
property passed by marriage to the Spoures, 

" One of whom — Henry — jxirchased the Lemarnes temp. Queen Elizabeth 
and erot so much tin out of them as he gave a thousand pounds apiece 
to five daughters, and as I'me informed, was the first thousand pound 
ever given to a daughter for a portion by any private gent of his 
quality in Cornwall, and erected a large pile of buildings." 

It appears that gold in small quantities was also obtained. 
Edmund Spoure, the family chronicler, and from whose 
manuscript the above extract is taken, mentions " my old seal 
ring," and that for 

*■ Full five descent this old ring has been possest, since first extracted from 
the tin by the Spoures. so by succession now has come to me. of tlie 
first line now the last son. Then let's begin and dig, nere doubt of 
small things, leave the success to Him who governs all things." 

Edmund Spoure, however, never dug, and his daughter, who 
went so far as to sink a shaft, became discouraged by the death 



214 venning's historical notices. 

of a village boy, who fell down it while playing with the wind- 
lass on a Sunday. The property shortly after passing to the 
Rodds by inheritance, they soon found the St. Day dues gave 
wealth enough without troubling Lemarne. The present possessor, 
however, who still holds the ring, having some slight knowledge 
of mineralogy, for many years believed that tin would be found 
at a greater depth than the old men reached ; and, after viewing 
the locality with a friend, concluded that a crosscut from an adit 
would find any lode standing at a greater depth than about 
twenty-five feet. The result was the discovery, with very little 
trouble, of a lode and deposits of tin. 

The Manor of Treveniel, which also belongs to F. R. Eodd, 
Esq., was purchased of Sir George Carew, by one of the 
Spoures in the Sixteenth Century. The Lord of this Manor 
claims of the Mayor of Launceston, througli immemorable 
custom, the service of having his stirrup held by him whenever 
he shall mount his horse, on the occasion of the Duke of Corn- 
wall's visit to that town. The Lord of the Manor has at the 
same time to present the Duke of Cornwall with a white grey- 
hound. An animal of this species has for many years been 
kept at Trebartha for this purpose. 

The Manors of Trewithey, Tolcarne and Landreyne are also in 
this parish. 

There is a Holy Well between the Mill Leat and the River 
Lynher. 



PILLATON. 

Pillaton was in Domesday Books called Pilatona or 

ANCIENT Piletone, which Bannister says signifies "the pill 

NAMES. enclosure." It has been spelt in various ways since, 

as Pillyton, and pre\ious to 1815 for generations it 
was spelt Pilaton. From 1816 it has been spelt as it is to-day. 

The Church was dedicated to St. Odulphus, 
THE CHURCH, the Patron Saint, on October 16th, 1253. It 

is an edifice of stone in the Perpendicular 
style, consisting of chancel, nave of six bays, north aisle, south 
transept, south porch and a lofty embattled western tower, with 
pinnacles, containing three bells, of which the first two were cast 
in 1809 ; the tenor is undated. There is an aumbry in the tran- 



PILLATON. 



215 




riuiln hll] 



I'lLLAI'ON CUUKCH. 



[ Harris, Qiiethiock. 



sept, and a curious stone recess in the north aisle ; the monu- 
ments are of modern date. The Church was restored in 1878 at 
a cost of £800, and has 195 sittings. The register dates from 
the year 1557. The communion plates, dated 1655, are in a good 
state of preservation. The tower was thoroughly restored in 
1900, at a cost of £250. The village stocks, still in good condi- 
tion, are in the porch of the Church. 



In the Cliurch Marble Tablets are inscribed 
MONUMENTS, to several members of the Tillie family, of 

Pentillie, as follow : — 

■ Here lies the body of Robert Tillie. (second son of James Tillie, of 
Pentillie Castle. Esqr." by Esther liis wife) who died ye 24th day of June, 
1742 : in ye 17 year of his Atre. 

Hero lie also ye Remains of Mary Tillie, eldest daughter of ye said 
James and Esther Tillie : and of William, iheir j'oungest son ; who both 
died very young. 

Here lyeth the l)ody of James Tillie. of Pentillie Castle, Esqr.. Who 
was one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace. One of the Deputy 
Lieutenants of this County ; and High SlierifF in the year 17;>4. He 
dyed Decbr. 2;'). 174() ; Aged oT." 



216 venning's historical notices. 



" Sacred to the memory of James Tillie, of Pentillie Castle, Esqr., who 
■departed this life on the seventeenth day of April, MDCCLXXII ; and 
in the fiftieth Year of his Age. And of Mary his wife, who departed this 
life on the Uth of March, MDCCCIX ; aged 81." 

In the Chancel is a Memorial Window to the Rev. J. E. 
White, Eector, erected by his widow in 1878, and also another 
inscribed : — 

" In memory of Henry Woolcombe, M.A., Rector of this Parish for 
nearly 40 years. This token of regard and esteem is erected by his family 
and friends." 

Tablets are also inscribed : — 

"Sacred to the memory of the Revd. Henry WaoUcombe, M.D.. late 
Rector of this Parish, who died the 30th March, 1816 ; aged 63. 

He married 1780 Batty Helyar, eldest daughter of William Helyar, 
Esq., of Coker Court, in Somersetshire, who died February "22nd, 1824 ; 
aged 79." 

" Sacred to the memory of Nicholas Rawle Herring of this Parish, who 
•died April 8th, 1836 ; aged 88 years. 

Also Grace his wife, who died October 1st, 1816 ; aged 67 years. Whose 
remains are interred in a vault beneath this tablet." 

There is very little information obtainable 
METHODISM, respecting the introduction of Methodism into 

this village, but from the fragments that can 
be gathered, it was about the year 1839. x\mong the early 
Methodist pioneers, we may mention the names of Thomas, 
William, Charles, and Annie Breen, Sarah Pearce, Richard 
Martin, and John Smith, all of whom have long since gone to 
their rest. 

The original Chapel was a thatched building, a cottage that 
was made to serve the purpose of a " Preaching House." This 
thatched Chapel was burnt down on Good Friday, 1876, by fire 
from a neighbouring chimney. Efforts were at once made to 
build a more convenient and substantial structure. Uigby Collins, 
Esq., granted a piece of land for a long lease. The corner stones 
of the New Chapel were laid on August 23rd, 1876, and on 
November 2nd of the same year the building was opened. The 
Chapel will seat 120 persons. The total cost was £400, of which 
about £240 was raised by subscriptions, proceeds of opening ser- 
vices, etc., leaving a debt of about £160, which was gradually 
reduced to £140. At Easter, 1891, an earnest effort was made 
to reduce the debt by a Subscription List and Bazaar. This 
resulted in a sum of £90 being raised. The balance of £50 was 



PILLATON. 



217 




Photo by] 



I'lLLAI'dN WKSLEYAN CHAI'l'.l.. 



[ f/dir/x. (,)iiflju<ick. 



advanced by the Wesleyan Chapel Committee, free of interest to 
be repaid by instalments, and the Chapel is now free of debt. 
It was erected by Mr. I. Rosekilly, Albaston. 

At the stone-laying, the Rev. F W. Greeves, of London, 
preached to a crowded assembly in tlie barn at Trewashford. 
The opening services were conducted by tlie Rev. John Bleby, of 
Plymouth. Mr. J. S. Drown has been the Chapel Steward and 
Treasurer ever since it was erected. 

There is a Sunday School held in the Chapel, and it is hoped a 
Schoolroom will be erected shortly, adjoining the Chapel, as there 
is ample room in the enclosure. 



Pentillie Castle which is the seat of William 

PENTILLIE Coryton, Esq., J. P., is in this parish. Pentillie, 

CASTLE. Bannister says, is from "Penteilu" signifying 

"the master's or head of the family," but most 
probably it is called after the name of the owner who built it, 
•Sir James Tillie. This elegant mansion which is beautifully 



218 



VENNING S HISTOKICAL NOTICES. 



situated on a commanding eminence on the banks of the Tamar^ 
has had the following lines ascribed to it by Carrington : — 

« ''Beautiful 

Art thou Pentillie, rising o'er the flood 
That round thy foot, involved as the folds 
' Of the sleek serpent, leads a mazy course, 

As-though it were a pity soon to steal 
The voyager from scenes so passing fair." 

Itj.is^a building, of stoi^e with embattled parapet and a square 
emba^t\led tower,' from which a commanding view of the river 
Tamar and surrounding country is obtained ; and it was erected 
from designs by W. Wilkins, Esq., architect. The entrance 
hall has a fine stained window. 

The former Castle at 
Pentillie, the site of 
which is now occupied 
by the present one, was 
erected by Sir James 
Tillie, Knight, who died 
about 1712. On the 
north from the Castle, 
at the top of a well- 
wooded hill overlook- 
ing the Tamar, is a 
place which he called 
Mount Ararat, where 
he erected a sm^lV 
tower with an upper and lower room : by his will he directed 
that the lower room should be the place of his interment, which 
was accordingly done ; and his effigy in marble was placed in the 
upper room where it still remains. This circumstance has given 
the place a notoriety, and it is frequently visited. This Sir James 
Tillie, left Pentillie to his sister's son, James Woolley, who took 
the name of Tillie. His descendant carried it by marriage to 
John Coryton, Esq., whose father Peter Goodall, took tiie name 
of Coryton. The present mansion was erected by John Tillie 
Coryton, the father of Augustus Coryton, Esq., the present 
owner, at a cost of about £50,000. 

Of this Sir James Tillie, Hals in speaking of the old mansion 
at Pentillie says : — 

' " Pentillie is a house built and so named by one James Tyley, son of , 

in the parish of St. Keverne. labourer, who, as I am informed, was 
placed by him as a servant or horseman to Sir John Coryton, Bart., the- 




I'ENTILLIE CASTLE — VIEW OF FRONT ENTRANCE 



PILLATON. 219 



f 



elder, who afterwards by bis assistance learned the inferior practice of 
the law, under an attorney, became his Steward. In which capacity, 
by his care and industry he soon grew rich, so that he married Sir 
Henrj' Vane's daughter, by whom he had a good fortune or estate, but 
no issue. At length after the death of his master, he became a guardian 
in trust for his younger children, and steward to their elder brother Sir 
John, that married Chiverton ; whereby he augumented his wealth and 
fame to a greater pitch ; and soon after King James the II. came to 
the crown, this gentleman by a great sum of money obtained the favour 
of Knighthood at his hands." 

The ancient family of Coryton, of which William 

CORYTON Coryton, Esq., is the lineal representative, was 

FAMILY, seated at Coryton, in Devon, in the reign of Henry 

III. In the Fourteenth Century, the heir married 
the heiress of Ferrers of Newton Ferrers, in St. Mellion, and 
resided there for at least four centuries. This accounts for the 
nionunients of the. Coryton family in St. Mellion Church. 

Peter Coryton, of Newton Ferrers, married Joan, daughter of 
John Wrey, Esq., of Militon, Cornwall, and had issue William, 
of Coryton and Newton Ferrers, a zealous Parliamentarian, 
Sheriff, 1613, and M.P. for Liskeard, and the County in 1625, who 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Joiin Chichester. He died in 
1651, leaving Sir John Coryton, who was created Baronet, Feb- 
ruary 27th, 1662, and M.P. for Callington, and married Ann, only 
daugliter and heiress of John Mills, Esq. , wlio had issue Elizabeth, 
Sir John, Sir William, and Ann. Elizabeth married William 
Goodall, of Fowey, and had issue John of Crocadon, who married 
Mary, daughter of Peter Major, Esq. Sir John Coryton, who 
was M.P. for Callington, married Kachel, eldest daughter of 
Richard Chiverton, Lord Mayor of London in the time of 
Cromwell. Sir William Coryton, who was also M.P. for Calling- 
ton, mai'ried Susannah, daughter of E. Littleton, Esq., and had 
issue Sir John ('oryton. He was also M.P. for Callmgton, and 
married Rachel, eldest daughter of William Helyar, Esq., and 
died without issue. 

John Goodall, of Crockadon, had issue as follows : — Peter 
Goodall, who assumed the name and arms of his maternal ances- 
tors, wliose estates he inherited, and died in 1756. He left issue 
John Coryton, who married Mary Jemima, only daughter and 
sole heiress of James Tillie, Esq., of Pentillie Castle, and had 
issue John Tillie Coryton, who rebuilt Pentillie Castle, and died 
in 1843, having married Elizabeth, second daughter of Admiral 
Hon. Leveson Gower, by whom he had issue William, who was 
born in 1H07, and died in 1836 without issue. (He married 



220 venning's historical notices. 



Harriet Sophia, daughter of Montague Edmund Parkes, Esq. ; 
she re-married with Edmund, Earl of Morley). Augustus 
Coryton, of Pentillie Castle, Col., R.C.R.M., who inherited the 
family estates, was born in 1809, and died in 1891. Henry was 
born in 1810, and died in 1879 ; Granville, a former Eector of 
St. Mellion, was born in 1816, and died in 1876 ; George Edward 
was born in 1819, and died in 1886 ; Frederick was born in 1824, 
and died in 1829. Jemima died in 1853; Mary Ann in 1848; 
Charlotte in 1899 ; and Elizabeth in 1859. 

William Coryton, the present owner of Pentillie Castle, who is 
a J. P. for Cornwall, inherited the family estates on the death of 
his uncle, the late Augustus Coryton, as the eldest son and heir- 
at-law of George Edward Coryton, who died in 1886. He 
married in 1887 Evelyn Annie, the daughter of Admiral Parker, 
of Delamore, Devon, and has issue three sons and three daughters, 
viz.— John Tillie, Edmund George, Ruth Evelyn, Mary Louisa, 
William Alec, and Joan Elizabeth Loveday, John Tillie Coryton 
being the eldest son and heir. 

Thefamilu arms are— Argent a saltire mhle. Crest— A lion passant gules. 

The Representatives of the Corytons in the female line re- 
recovered a considerable portion of the Coryton property from 
Dame Rachel Coryton, Sir John's widow, by action at Law. 

The manor of Pillaton, or Piletone, or Pilatona as 
MANORS, it was called in the Domesday Books, was held by 

Merileswain and Reginald de Valletort under the 
Earl of Cornwall in 1067. In the time of Edward I. 
and Edward III. it was the property of the family of 
Inkepenne, who were also lords of the manor of Halton, in St. 
Dominick, at that date. In 1620, this manor was the property 
of Thomas Moone or Mohun, he having previously purchased it 
of Dame Dorothy Dilhngton, heiress of John Charles, Esq. The 
manor afterwards became the property of the Corytons, and 
passed with other property to the Helyars, and from them to the 
ColHns family, of Newton Ferrers. Digby CoUins, Esq., is the 
present owner. 

The manor of Leigh Durant in this parish anciently belonged 
to the Dawney family, more particularly referred to in the account 
of Sheviock. In 1370, through the marriage of Emma Dawnev, 
with Sir Edward Courtenay, this manor with fourteen others in 
Cornwall became the property of the Earls of Devon. Having 
escheated to the crown through the attainder of the Marquis of 



QUETHIOCK. 221 



Exeter, it was annexed to, and is now the property of the Duchy 
of Cornwall. 



QUETHIOCK. 

A xTz-icMx M A Mc;«, "^^^^ PaHsh, formerly called Quethiocke,. 
AND Quedic, Queidike, and Cruetheke, accord- 

DATDONi «2Ai\iT<i ^"f^ ^° " Bannister's Glossary of Names" 
FAIKUrs bAirsi:?. j^^gg^jjs <<Tj^g weaver's place (gwia) to- 

weave." 

The Church of this well-watered parish was first dedicated 
most appropriately to St. Cadoc, the Welsh missionary, the- 
patron saint of Wells. Probably the only remains of this dedi- 
cation now to be found in this parish is the ancient Granite 
Cross discovered in the year 1881, and, which may be seen in 
our illustration of the Church, now re-erected on the south side 
of the churchyard. It is remarkable for its perfectnes&,- size, 
beauty of proportion, being incised in its shaft, with the interlaced 
Scandinavian pattern so much admired by antiquarians ; and is- 
the highest above ground in the County of Cornwall, its full 
height above the soil being 13 ft. 4 in. This stone cross was dis- 
covered by the Eev. W. Willimott (during whose incumbency the 
Church was restored) in different parts of the Churchyard, the 
two pieces forming the shaft having for some years done service 
as posts to the entrance gate, the head or actual cross lying 
embedded in the wall on the ground adjacent to some cottages- 
now destroyed. 

In the Celtic Calendar, January 24th, is the Feast Day of St. 
('adoc. Quethiock now has no feast day, but itsfair day marks 
the connection with the first dedication of its earliest Church, 
being the last 'Monday in January. This parish was affected — 
with many others west of the Tamar — by Gallo-Roman in- 
fluence, and a re-dedication of its Church took place on 
October 13th, 1259, to St. Peter and St. Paul. Again a 
change took place, and the present Church was dedicated in 1288 
to St. Hugh de Avelon. Cornishmen, true to their instincts, 
intended by this dedication to keep the Breton saint fresh in their 
memory. 

The Church of St. Hugh is an ancient building of 

THE slate stone in the Perpendicular style, consisting of 

CHURCH, chancel, nave of four bays, north aisle, south or 

Trehunsey transept, north or Trecarne transept, 
south porch and western tower containing three bells, dated 



222 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



respectively 1725, 1786 and 1765 ; both transepts have sepulchral 
arches. The tower, a unique structure of the Decorated period, 
is of three stages, with an embattled parapet. 

The present Church was restored in 1878-79 in a conservative 
spirit, and has many ancient features, especially the carved wood- 
work of the nave roof, a very large hagioscope, and a perfect 
staircase to the entrance of the rood loft at the south east 
angle. 

In the Trecarne transept there was a " Holy "Well." It is said 
that, before the restoration of the Church, there was water, and 
steps leading down to it, but this is considered to be doubtful. 




Photo by] 



QUETHIOCK CHURCH. 



[Harris, Quethioch- 



The Trehunsey transept was evidently a private chapel, the 
piscina being still in existence, and in a good state of preserva- 
tion. There is a large hagioscope or " squint," with roomy 
rood stairs, which formerly led to the chancel. The font is 
of Pentewan stone, resting on a solid mass of masonry. The 
tower of the Church is quite unique, being very narrow and 
high. 



QUETHIOCK. 223 



At the entrance to the south or Trehunsey 
MONUMENTS, transept is a stone with Brass effigies, and an 

inscription to Eoger Kyngdon, who died 
March 3rd, 1471 ; Joan, his wife, and 16 children : 11 sons and 
5 daughters. On inspecting the rubbing of the brass, it is 
observed that the eldest son is represented shorter than the second 
son, which is explained thus by Mr. Spence : — " The eldest son 
is represented in ecclesiastical garments, and being a priest was 
of course not of this world, the second son consequently becomes 
the head of the family, and has evidently held some situation 
under Government, as is shown by the crown on his left hand." 
The eldest son probably represents Walter Kyngdon, Eector of 
St. Martin, Bast Looe, who died 1515 ; the other is conjectured 
to represent Edward Kyngdon, one of the Yeomen of the Guard 
in 1461 and 1484. Another son is supposed to be the William 
Kyngdon, who represented the Borough of Liskeard, in the 31st 
year of the reign of Henry VI. Tlie inscription on the brass 
is :— 

. ^^ Hie iacfnt Roger hh Ki/ugdoii. Joh'na it.r. ei.fililfiUe q-ac ome» pgen'ilor 
s eor. qui ohiit HIo die Mense Marc/'i Ao. dm. Mcccclxxlo . ; quor a i'ai.s p 
piciet le' arne." 

It has been translated thus : — 

"Here lie Roger Kingdon, Johanna his wife, sons and daughters, and 
all their offspring, who died on the third daj' of the month March, in the 
year of Our Lord 1471. To whose souls may Jesus be reconciled — Amen." 

Other brasses attached to the same transept wall, and affixed 
to a slate slab with a running scroll border, display the effigies of 
the Chiverton family, consisting of the parents and eleven 
children, all represented as girls, though two at least were boys ; 
between the principal figures is an impaled shield, and below 
each is a brass plate inscribed as below : 

Over the husband's head : 

"Richard Chiverton. Esquire, died the "iHth day of July, IGIT." 
Over the wife's head : 
" Isabel his wife, the 25th day of May, 16.31." 
At the husband's feet : 



"Friends (who ere you be) for- 

beare 
On this stone to shed a teare ; 
Keepe thine oyntement, for in- 

deede 
Bountye is made goode by neede, 
Here arc they whose amber eyes 
Have embalm'd the obsequies. 



Who will thi'cke you doe them 

wronge. 
Offeringe what to them belonge. 
Besides this tlieir sacred shrine. 
Sleights the myrrhe of other eyene. 
Then forbeare, when these growe 

dry, 
We will weepe, both thou and I." 



224 vbnning's histokical notices. 

At the feet of the wife : 

"My birth was in the moneth of j My stake heere withers yet there bee 
May, i Some lovely branches sproute from 

And in that moneth. my nuptial me 

day, 

In May a mayde, a wife, a mother, 

And now in Slay nor one nor other, 

So flowers floarish, so they fade ; 

So things to be undone are made. 



On w'h bestowe thine Aprill rayne ; 
So they the liuelier may remayne. 
But heere forbeare, for why ? 'tis 

sayd. 
Teares fit the living, not the dead." 



There are also other monuments and inscriptions : — 

"To the memory of Obadiah Ghossip, rector of St. Tudy in this- 
countye Borne at Beverley in Yorkshire, who marryed Anna, the second 
Dausrhter of John Trevisa of Crocadon, Esq., who departed this life the 
14the of Febry., 1G59 ; and lyes heer buried, an eminent patterne of 
Loyalty, and of all Heroicke Vertues. 

Reader, if passing by thou make inquest, 

Whose Ashes in this Sacred Urne do rest ; 

Let Virtue, Learning, Corage, Friendship, tell 

Their Host, with whom these Guests sometime did dwell." 

" Here lieth the body of Thomas Doney, of Treruest in this parish, who' 
departed this life the Fifteenth day of January, in the year of our Lord 
1747, and in the 28th year of his age. 

Death with his dart So ferwell unto 

Hath pierc'd my heart. This world, a due 

Tho' I was in my prime, Its God's appointed time." 

On a well-cut slate altar tomb, situate at the end of the south 
wall of the north aisle, is the following : — 

" Heere lyeth ye body of Hugh Vashmond, who had to wife Thomasien, 
by whom he had 3 sonns and 4 daughters, he decessed ye 'Jth day of 
March, 1599. 

My rase is runn, my goale obtainde ; 

The combatt donn, the conquest gainde. 

You that survive learn this of me. — 

So runn, so strive, so crowned be. 

Omnes una manet nox et calcanda semel via lethi. — H.G.V. 
Erected by Hugh Vashmond ye yonger, 1607, man, Remember thy 
Ende 1 " 

This Hugh Vashmond who lies buried here, was the son of 
the Vashmond who appeared before Queen Elizabeth's Com- 
missioners at Pelynt, when the great tithes of the parish were 
attempted to be taken from their rightful owner. 



On a tablet these words are inscribed : — 

"Erected by Anne the widdowe of this deceased. Here underneath 
" uried the body of John Eustace of the p'ish Yeoman, who departed 
ife the 25th day of May. in the year of our Lord God 1655. 



lies b 
this life 



QUETHIOCK. 225 



As I was, and am, and shall be 

Mortall, Dead, and raised againe 
Such, and thus, and so must all be 
Ere they doe in Heaven raigne. 
Where for aye, they shall possesse 
Joyes that Tongue cannot express." 

"Here lies the body of John Hawkins, of Venn, in this Parish, who 
died the 17th day of June, 1769 ; aged 73 years. Near him also lies the 
Body of Ann Stanning, his Sister, who died the 17th day of February, 
1765 ; aged 6S years. 

Reader, stop here, behold and see, 
As thou art now so once were we : 
Forthwith prepare, thou soon must be 
Mouldering into dust like we. 
For 'tis the way that all Mankind 
Must go. Immortal Life to find." 

" Here (near to the remains of her Husband and Children) lies the 
Body of Thomasin Hawkins, who died the 19th of January, 1769 ; aged 
72 years." 

" In memory of Lieut. Joseph Hawkins, who was here Interred the .31st 
day of March, 1675 ; aged 50 j^ears." 

" Here by the Remains of her Parents lies the Body of Elizabeth 
Doney, who died the 19th day of June. 1777 ; aged 65 years. She is gone 
to Receive the Reward of Virtuous Life." 

"Sacred to the memory of John Rogers. Esq.. of Holwood in this 
parish, who died Octr. Xllth, MDCCXCVIII ; ^tat XLVI. Also of 
Mary his wife, who died July IVth, MDCCCVIII ; ^tat LVII." 

" Sacred to the memory of Frederick Robertson Fletcher, a Midship- 
man in the Royal Navy, son of the Rev. John R. Fletcher, D.D., vicar of 
this parish. He fell in tlie 21st year of his age. in the attack on Lagos, 
in the holy cause of the suppression of the Slave Trade, on the 26th day 
of December, A.D. 1851 ; bravely defending the post entrusted to his 
command. An officer full of promise. A kind brother and friend. A 
son most dutiful and affectionate. A humble follower of his Lord. 
Rev. c. XIV.. v. 13. 

This marble is set up by his sorrowing parents, brothers, and sisters." 

There are a few quaint epitaphs on stones in the churchyard, 
which we copied, as follow : — 

" Here lies the remains of Thomas Wood of this parish, who died the 
first day of July, 1793 ; aged 42 years. 

Farewell, dear Wife, Farewell, adieu, 
To My Five Sons and Daughter ; 
A deep Consumption cut me off, 
Lo, Ye must follow after." 

■' Under this stone lies the body of John Udy late of this village, he 
died the 29th day of March, 1822 ; aged 43 years. 



226 venning's historical notices. 

A tender Father, a Husband kind, 
A faithful partner left behind, 
Four innocent lambkins to lament, 
The loss of him whose days are spent." 

To a child of 5 years, buried beside his father, are these 
lines : — 

" Once a tender sprig and blooming rose, 
Now silent rest in sweet repose ; 
How great's the loss to a tender mother 
Of a lovely son and worthy father." 

There is a marble monument in the churchyard to the memory 
of John Eooke Fletcher, D.D., who was 61 years Vicar of this 
parish, and died in 1878, aged 90 years. His father, who was once 
also a Vicar of this parish, lived to the age of 98, and was the 
oldest clergyman in the County at the time of his death. 

In the churchyard there is an ancient yew tree, which still 
shews signs of vigorous life. 

On the south wall of Trehunsey aisle outside of the church 
is a Sun Dial with the following : — 

"E. Morshead. Vic. John R. E. Tallick, Churchwarden, 17—64. So 
soon passeth it away." 

From the Eegister of Baptisms, which dates from the year 
1574, the following extracts are taken : — 

" A Boke of Regester of the names of all (those .') that have bvn 
Baptized, maried and buried within the Pishe of Quethiocke, beginninge 
in the Yere of our Lord God, 1571." 

" Baptizando (ordo) anno Dm. 1574. January Ju (.') Ana fillia Johan- 
nis baptize erat 15 January. Februarii. Marias fillia Edwardi J. (?) 
baptizata 3 februarii." 

It is stated that this church belonged to the Abbey of Tavis- 
tock in 1291, but for this there is no authority. 

It will be observed from our list of Eectors and Vicars of this 
parish that it was originally a Rectory, and the Patron in 1317 
was Stephen de Haccombe, Knight, of Haccombe in Devon, who 
at that time owned the large manor of Penpoll in Quethiock. 
It appears that Stephen de Haccombe, Knight, held the patron- 
age of this living during the time that Henry de Neweton, and 
William de Vautort were Rectors, 1317 to 1344, when the 
Vicarage was constituted by John de Grandison, Lord Bishop of 
Exeter ; and Thomas Peticru was the first Vicar in 1344. From 
this date it has been a Vicarage in the patronage of the Bishop. 



QUETHIOCK. 227 



The following is taken from the Quethiock Parish Magazine, 
which quotes from Lyson's " Cornwall " : — 

'■ Quethiock or Quithiock : anciently the great tithes of Quithiock were 
in 13:57 appropriated to a Chantry at Haccombe, in Devonshire. They are 
now vested in Sir Henry Carew, Bart., of Haccomb, whose ancestors, the 
Courtenays, appear to have been in the reign of Henry VI. patrons of the 
Chantry." 

The Eectorial tithes of this parish now belong to W. K. 
Villiers, of Com-tney Park, Newton Abbot, Devon. 

In reference to the " Haccombe Archpresbytery," an article 
also published in the Parish Magazine, taken from the notes of 
the Rev. W. Willimott, a former Vicar of this parish, states as 
follows : — 

" The foundation deed of the Archpresbytery sets forth that Sir 
Stephen Haccombe had proposed to make the endowment, but was pre- 
vented by death ; that Sir John Lercedekne, Knight, the heir to his 
property, had fully entered into his views and wishes, and with the con- 
currence and approbation of Bishop Grandison, had erected an establish- 
ment here for six priests, the superior of whom was to be denominated 
the Archpriest. and emlowed it with the tithes of Haccombe and of S. 
Hugh de Quedyocke, or Quethiock, in Cornwall, the patronage of which 
Sir Stephen had acquired previously to his death. These six clergymen 
were indeed Chantry Priests — they were daily to sing the canonical Hours 
in choir and two Masses, the first of the office of the day, the second in 
honour of the Blessed Virgin." 

Lake in his " History of Cornwall" says : 

" In 1341 Sir John Lercedekne. Kt., endowed the Chantry of Haccombe, 
in Devon, with the Great Tithes of S. Hugh de Quedyock in conformity 
to the wishes of Sir Stephen Haccombe. Knt., who was prevented by 
death from making the endowment. Sir John having married Cecilj^ Sir 
Stephen's daughter and heiress, had become heir to his property. Hac- 
combe became the property of the Carews through the marriage of Sir 
Nicholas Carew, Knt., with Joanna, daughter of Sir Hugh Courtenay, 
Kt., and lineal representative of the Haccombes." 

The ordination of Quethiock benefice on the 14th April, 1346, 
may be seen in the register of Grandison, Bishop of Exeter. In 
Bishop Lacy's register mention is made of the Chapel of S. 
Mary de Trecorme (To wen ?), within the parish of Quedek. 

■• TRECORME. — Capella S. }[ai'V de Trecorme infra parorhiam de 
Quedek (the Chapel of S. Mary of Trecorme within the Parish of 
Quethiock), was licensed by Bishop Lacy." 

The site of the Chapel of S. Mary cannot now be traced on 
the estate. 



228 venning's historical notices. 

MANORS TREHUNSEY.— The manor and barton of Tre- 
. ' hunsey was anciently the property and residence of 

^* the Kingdons. William Kingdon was M.P. for 

Liskeard in 1452, and Edward in 1467. By an heiress Tre- 
hunsey was carried to the Chivertons. Sir Richard Ghiverton of 
this family was Lord Mayor of London in the time of R. 
(Richard) Cromwell. Through the marriage of Elizabeth, his 
daughter and co-heiress, with Sir John Coryton, Bart., Tre- 
hunsey became the property of the Corytons in 1657. The 
present owner is William Coryton, Esq. Trehunsey Mills are 
no longer in existence. There is a bridge of two arches over 
the little river Tidi a short distance away and by which the 
Mills were worked. 

HOLWOOD, or HOLLOUGHWOOD, was the seat of William 
Bond, Esq., of the Earth family, in the time of Charles 11. It 
afterwards became the property in succession of Jope, Harrison, 
and Admiral Macbride. Of the last-named it was purchased by 
Mr. John Rogers, whose representative sold it to the father of 
the late Colonel Coryton. This estate is now farmed by the 
present owner, William Coryton, Esq. 

LEIGH in the time of Charles II. was the seat of William 
Leigh, Esq. ; it was afterwards sold by Mr. William Hambly to 
the late Colonel Coryton, and also belongs to William Coryton. 

PENPOLL Barton was formerly part of the estate of F. 
Tregain, the recusant of Goldiew ; latterly it became the property 
of the Helyars, of Newton Ferrers ; and now belongs to D. 
Collins, Esq. 

HAMMETT Manor in the time of Henry IV. belonged to the 
family of Bruyn, from whom it descended to the late Colonel 
Coryton, and is now the property of W. Coryton, Esq. 



SALTASH. 

Saltash was formerly a part of St. Stephen's parish, 

ANCIENT but on May 10th, IScSl, it was formed into an eccle- 

NAMES. siastical parish, called " S.S. Nicholas and Faith." 

It is now endowed with the full privileges of a 
reformed Corporation and has a separate and distinct Church. 



SALTASH. 229 



This borough was formerly called according to Carew "Villa de 
Esse," " Esse " or " Ashe " from a family of that name, signify- 
ing " his town by the (salt) sea." It has also been called 
*' Asheburgh." In 1069 it was held by Eeginald de Valletort, 
and in 1275 it went, with the castle of Trematon, to Eichard, 
Earl of Cornwall ; and from that time for a long period its history 
was closely identified with Trematon Castle. 

The town was incorporated in the reign 

INCORPORATED of King John by Reginald de Valletort, 

TOWN. Baron of Trematon, and this charter, 

confirmed by Eichard II. in 1381, was 
again confirmed by Henry VI. in 1461 ; Henry VIII. in 1509-10; 
by Elizabeth and by Charles II. in 1678. The latter granted a 
new charter in 1683, and George III. in 1774, confirmed the 
charter of Queen Ehzabeth ; but the privileges of the borough 
underwent some changes in the reign of George IV. The borough 
returned two members to Parliament from the time of Edward 
VI. until its disfanchisement under the Eeform Act of 1832, 
among whom were Clarendon, the historian, member for Saltash 
in the Long Parliament in 1640, and Edmund Waller, the poet, 
in 1685, then 80 years old. A complete list of the Members who 
have represented this borough in Parliament from 1552 to 1832 
is given in our pages. Under the " Municipal Corporations Act, 
1882 " (46 and 47 Vic. c. 18), Saltash received a new charter of in- 
corporation 1st January, 1886, which came in force April 9th, 1886. 
It is now governed by a mayor, 4 aldermen and 12 councillors. 

A list of the Mayors of this town is also given from 1552 to 
1901. 

In 1337 the burgesses of Saltash paid to the Black Prince for 
their recognizances the sum of 13s. 4d. ; a rental for their borough 
of £3 4s. 2^d. They also at the same date paid him for the Ferry 
£10 per year, the Prince providing the boat. Every barge carry- 
ing sand was taxed 12d. yearly, and every fishing net the same. 
The fair on the feast of St. Faith was worth 6s. 8d., and the 
Saturday's market £2 18s. Afterwards the town and ferry were 
granted to divers persons on lease. In 1439 (at the time of the 
incorpoi'ation of Plymouth) it was held by Sir John Cornwall. 
In 1616 the Uuke of Cornwall recovered this with other manors 
disposed of by Elizabeth ; and also the ferry and Tamar 
royalties, which were granted and regranted to the Mayor and 
burgesses on behalf of the town. George IV., when Duke of 
Cornwall instituted proceeedings, the result of which was that 
" for the privileges of the ferry, dredging for oysters, the coroner- 



230 venning's historical notices. 

ship of the Tamar, &c., the Mayor and burgesses should pay the 
yearly i-ent of £18 to the Duchy, and a hundred oysters to the 
Duchy auditor." 

This town formerly had "the silver oar" and extensive jurisdic- 
tion on the Tamar, the Hamoaze, and also over Plymouth Sound. 

The women of Saltash were anciently famous for rowing, and 
went to Eegattas. 

The Chapel or Church of Saltash is said to have 

PATRON been dedicated to St. Nicholas, but the Eev. Dr. 

SAINTS. Oliver thinks that this must be a mistake, as there 

is no mention made in the registers of the diocese 

of any chapel under that name : he suggests that the patron saint 

may be St. Faith. There was a chapel dedicated to St. Faith, 

licensed in 1443. 

In the chantry rolls of Devon and Cornwall 1548, there is an 
entry as follows: — ■ 

"Salteasche. The Stipendarie called Smythes. founded by John 
Smythe and others — to fynde a Pryste to teach children freelye in a schole 
in Salteasche, as also to praj'e for his soule in chapel in sa^'d towne. and to 
assist in dyvyne service. And he hath vili yerele, payable by the Mayre 
and Burgesses of the said towne to whom certayne lands were gj'ven for 
that purpose. Yerelye value of lands and possessions xil. xjs. xid." 

The Church or Chapel, which belongs to the Corpor- 

THE ation, is a very interesting and ancient structure, 

CHURCH, mainly of the Norman period, dating from about 

1120, but with portions of Decorated and Perpendic- 
ular work greatly altered from time to time, in the Thirteenth, 
Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries. It consists of a chancel and 
nave, north aisle, north side-chapel, south transept, a south porch, 
and a tower on the north side, containing six bells. In the north 
wall of the transept are three stout piers and two closed arches, 
which seem to mark the former junction of the Church with the 
monastic building to which it belonged : the bosses of the roof 
display the arms of Eichard (Plantagenet), Earl of Poitou and 
Cornwall, and those of Edmund, his son and successor. In the 
wall of the building is an inscribed tablet recording its renovation 
in 1689. The carved stone reredos is by Harry Hems, of Exeter. 
There are about 500 sittings. The register dates from the year 
1694 ; there is also a register of marriages supposed to have taken 
place at St. Stephen's, from 1740. There are but very slight 
materials for a history of the fabric, but it is evidently part of 
the range of conventual buildings which once stood in Saltash, 



SALTASH. 



231 



and was a branch house of the Monastery of St. Germans. The 
Church bears the name of St. Nicholas, patron Saint of Fishermen 
and of Children ; but the north-side Chapel is dedicated to St. 
Faith, and the south transept is said to have been the Chapel of 
St. John. In course of time, by some transactions of which no 
records are remaining, the Church passed into the hands of the 
Corporation of the Borough of Saltash, who have maintained 
the fabric, and from time to time appointed a Chaplain to the 
Chapel with a small stipend paid by them. This stipend was 
augmented by the Governors of Queen Anne's Bounty on three 




Photo by] 



SALTASII CHURCH. 



[Frith & Co., Reigate. 



several occasions, and the Chaplaincy was thereby made an 
independent benefice. In 1836 the advowson of the Chapel was 
sold by the Corporation, and in 1881 was re-purchased by 
general subscriptions of tlie Congregation, and surrendered to 
the See of Truro, and is in the patronage of the Bishop for the 
time being. This is the only Church in England that belongs to 
a Corporation. 



232 venning's historical notices. 



The Church is situate in the centre of the Borough, and it had 
long been desired that a parish should be assigned, and cure of 
souls attached to the Chaplaincy, and after being more or less the 
subject of negotiation for forty years, this change was effected by 
an Order of the Queen in Council, on May lOth, 1881, by which 
the Borough of Saltash was constituted a distinct parish under 
the style of " the District Chapelry of St. Nicholas and St. I'aith." 

The Church was well restored in 1869 at a cost of £1,300 by a 
general contribution of the congregation, aided by grants from 
the Admiralty and Corporation of the Borough; and it has 
received the addition of a very beautiful East Window in the 
Chancel, the work of Mr. Alexander Gibbs, of Bloomsbur j ; 
presented by Mr. John Martyn. 



MONUMENTS. 



There is a Memorial Window inscribed as 
follows : — 



" To the Glory of God and in Memory of Robert Nepean Dennis. Esq., 
Bombay ; and Rose Anne Brady,_his wife. This window is erected by 
their brothers and sisters A.D. 1865." 

There is also an ornamental window with the words, " Truth 
in the lips, love in the heart, purity in the life." 

There are also several brass tablets to the memory ot the 
Littleton family. 

A splendid Brass Eagle Lectern was erected a short time since 
in memory of the late Frederick Blatchley, J. P. 

It is generally acknowledged that Methodism 
METHODISM, was introduced into Saltash either in the latter 

part of the Eighteenth, or the beginning of the 
Nineteenth Century, by George Coad, a Postman, who was born 
in the year 1765. Preaching services were held in the open air 
long before the first Methodist Chapel was erected in 1807. A 
man named Philip Dunseombe, came over from Plymouth Dock, 
on Sunday, June 10th, 1792, and preached in the open air, when 
a storm of opposition arose. To George Coad, however, belongs 
the palm of planting the Methodist Church in this ancient and 
historic borough, which for 250 years before had sent two 
members to Parliament. Not only was this poor man the means 
of estabhshing a Methodist Society here, but a Sunday School as 
well ; also at Trematon, Landulph and Tamerton he introduced 
Methodism, and helped to establish Sunday Schools in these and 
other places around Saltash. 



SALTASH. 



233 




gALTASII AVESLEVAN CHURCH— EXTEKIOR. 



"When the land was secured for the Chapel, in collecting money 
and materials for the building, he resorted to various expedients, 
one of which was to purchase a number of baskets, and while 
waiting for a boat on the Devon side of the passage, he, with the 
aid of his nephew, would fill the baskets with stones, take them 
across the water, and, having delivered his letters, toil up the 
steep hill with materials for the building. He also helped to 
clear the foundation, and worked with all his heart until the 
Chapel was completed. George Coad also influenced a lady at 
Millbrook to inaugurate a scheme for a new Chapel there, and it 
is said that he gave the first subscription of three seven-shilling 
pieces towards the great Ebenezer Chapel and premises in 
Plymouth. 



234 



VENNING S HISTOEICAL NOTICES. 



In 1840, the old Chapel at Saltash was enlarged. It was in 
the Launceston Circuit when first built, and from 1809 to 1840 
in the Liskeard Circuit. Saltash was then made the head of the 
Circuit until 1847, when the honour was yielded to Callington 
which it still retains. For full 50 years after the enlargeaient of 
the old Chapel the Methodists continued to worship therein, but, 
on account of the extensive growth of the town as well as the 
growing demands of Methodism, it was found necessary to erect 
more commodious premises in a better and more commanding 
position. 




SALTASH WESLEYAN (Ml UliCH — INI'EUIUR. 



The present Church at Saltash was the outcome of some years- 
of consideration and discussion, which resulted in a scheme 
brought into shape during the ministry of the Eev. G. 
Bolderston, whose stay in the Circuit was extended to four years,, 
that the completion of the scheme might not be delayed. 



SALTASH. 



235 



The Foundation Stones were laid on October 14th, 1890, when 
£137 was collected. The School buildings were started a little 
later, and £83 was received at the stone laying ceremony, which 
took place on November 12th, 1890, in very unfavourable 
weather. 

The buildings were completed and opened on Thursday, 
September 17th, 1891, when the Eev. Eichard Eoberts preached. 
The late Eev. Dr. James, an ex-president of the Wesleyan 
Methodist Conference, was to have taken one of the opening 
services, but died suddenly while on a tour in Cornwall. 

The sitting accommodation is 620 adults, and the total cost of 
its erection with the school buildings attached is about £4,000. 
It is called the " Wesley Centenary Memorial " Church, because 
it was erected in the centenary year of John Wesley's death. 
It is interesting to note that Father Bray — as he is called — of 
Trematon, who is 92 years of age, and has been a local preacher 
for about 65 years, was the first layman to preach from the 
pulpit of the new Church ; and the Publisher preached the 
valedictory sermons on Sunday, September 13th, 1891, in the 
old Chapel, which had been open for worship about 84 years. 

The Saltash Baptist Chapel was built in 1865, and 
BAPTIST, opened free of debt. It has accommodation for 

400 worshippers, and covers the site of an older 
building erected in 1794. The Baptist cause in this town 
originated about the year 1780, or earlier, when the Eev. Philip 
Gibbs was Pastor of the Plymouth Baptist Church. The 
consolidation of this cause was due, however, to the labours of 
the Eev. Isaiah Birt, co-pastor with Mr. Gibbs from 1782, and 
afterwards of Plymouth Dock — now Devonport. His work at 
Saltash was prosecuted amidst much opposition. By hi« labours 
and energy the present Burial Ground was secured in 1794. The 
Eev. John May was minister of this Baptist Church for 35 
years. He was a preacher of much ability and power. For ten 
years he was a devoted missionary in Jamaica in the troublous 
days which succeeded the emancipation of the slaves. The 
present Pastor, the Eev. Gavin McFadyean, succeeded Mr. May 
in 1879. Under his ministry the cause has considerably 
increased. Mr. McFadyean has served his town for many years 
as a member of the School Board, of which he is Chairman, 
and for some years he was one of the Guardians of the Poor. 
In 1896 he filled the office of President of the Devon Baptist 
Association. 



-236 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 




During the Civil War of the Seventeenth Century 

THE CIVIL between King Charles I. and Parliament in East 

WAR. Cornwall, Saltash was several times taken and 

retaken, and was used on more than one occasion 
by the defeated troops as a place of retreat and exit from the 
Oounty. We give the following extracts relating to Saltash and 
the War from " Lake's History of Cornwall " : — 



SALTASH. 237 



" Ruthven's army, which had been drawn up on Braddock down, was de- 
feated ; this was on Thursday, January 19th. 1G43. Liskeard was 
taken, the same day Ruthven fled to Saltash, which he fortified with 
much expedition. The King's troops offered a thanksgiving at Liskeard, 
where they remained for a shorttime to refresh themselves." 

" On Sunday. August 'ifith, 1044, the army of Essex being reduced to great 
straits, began to devise how to escape, and to make a good retreat for 
his army. Sir William Balfour, owing to the negligence of General 
Goring, at three o'clock of the dark morning of Saturday, August 31st, 
made his way through the King's quarters around Boconnoc, with the 
whole of the Parliamentary horse, amounting to 2,50l), and got safe out 
of the County by way of Caradon Down, Pillaton and Saltash. Sir R. 
Grenvill pursuing them when too late." 

" Satterday. Aug. 31st. The night before the King had notice ('being at 
Bocconnock) (his troops at Lanreath) that the enemy was marching 
away .... The King supposing they would go through Liskeard and 
Launceston, sent 2 messengers of our troope, Mr. Brook and Mr. 
Samuel West, with a letter to Sir Fr. Dorington (who hath a lOOC^ 
hor.se in Devon) to stop their march, but the enemy went not near Lis- 
keard this day, but went right to Saltash, to ferry their horse over into 
Devonshire." 

'• This morning about seven of the clock, September 1st. General Goring 
was sent with the horse to pursue the enemyes horse, who. as the King 
was informed were gotten into Saltash. Sir Edward Walgrave de 
com : Norfolk, Colonel of horse, tooke above one hundred of the 
rebells horse in the i)ursuite on Satterday, and told the King that if 
the country had brought in intelligence but an hower or two sooner 
where and which way tlie^- went, he believed they might have cutt off 
and taken all their horse, they were such cowards and so fearfuU that 
eight (said he) wouhl make twenty cry for ([uarter." 

" A part}'' from the Parliamentary (larrison at Plymouth took possession 
of Saltash, which soon afterwards Sir Richard Grenvill recovered by 
assault. This was in October. lt)44.'" 

From S//iiiO)i(/s Dim// we find that "on Friday. Uth of October, 1(]44, Sir 
Richard Grenvil, with his 500 men, retooke Saltash, from the 
Plymothians, killed 200 of 500 ; they all refused quarter ; the rest (as 
he sent word to the King,) he would hang." 

The Guildhall, in the pvincipal street, is a plain 

THE building, supported on granite pillars. The 

GUILDHALL. Corporation insignia include two large maces, 

three silver oars with mace heads, and a 
borough seal: the maces, each three feet seven inches in length, 
form a pair, and are of silver, the design being the same in both; 
the shafts, which are unusually massive, are richly chased and 
banded, and from the upper band spring figure brackets supporting 
the heads, the surface of which is divided by scroll and foliaged 
ornament with four compartments, displaying the borough arms, 
the figure of a three-masted ship under sail, the Prince of Wales' 



238 venning's histobical notices. 

plume and motto, an anchor, and the arms of the donor ; above 
is a cresting from which spring open -arched crowns, with a pair 
of oars in saltire ; on the flat of each head are the royal arms, 
with supporters. These maces were presented to the Borough, in 
1696, by Francis Buller, Esq., and bear the London hall-marks 
for that date : two of the silver-oar maces form a pair, and are 
19^^ inches in length ; the heads of a semi-globular form are 
crested and have the royal arms on the flat top ; the oar- 
blades exhibit three-masted ships, an anchor and the Prince's 
plume, with the date 1623 and inscriptions : the smaller and 
.similar oar-mace is 7^ inches long and dates from 1760. 

The Borough Seal of the Fourteenth Century 

-BOROUGH displays, within a cusped sexfoil, the arms of 

SEAL. Richard, Earl of Poitou and Cornwall : arg. a 

lion ramp, gu. crowned, or, within a bordure sa. 
bezantee. 

We give the following copy of the Record respecting the 
Borough Seal from the College of Arms, London, dated 
January 11th, 1901, which was procui'ed by the present Mayor, 
Councillor Roderick Porter, J. P., and presented to the Council on 
February 26th, 1901 :— 

"" This is the Common Seale of the Towne and Borough of Saltashe, in the 
County of Cornwall ; And at the time of this present visitacon the 14 day 
of October, 16"2(), was Henry Cloberie Maior, Sr Richard Buller, Knight, 
Recorder, John Randell. William Biell, Samson Bonde, Willm 
Maynard, Willm Wills, Henry Martyn, William Michell, Richd Furlong 
and Phillipp Randall, Aldermen ; and Willm Wills, towne Clarke of the 
sayde towne and Borough of Saltashe." 

In the Victoria Gardens in this borough 

MONUMENT TO which have been laid out since the 

GENERAL SYMONS. celebrations of the Diamond Jubilee 

of our late Queen, there is a Monu- 
ment now erected to the memory of the late General Sir 
William Penn Symons, of Hatt. It is a splendid monument of 
granite from the Merivale and Gunnislake quarries, and is sur- 
mounted by a carved and heavily gilded crown. The bust of the 
General — which is a striking likeness and magnificently executed 
— is of bronze medallion, by A. V. Drury, A.R.A. Underneath is 
the following inscription : — 

" This Monument is erected by his countrymen at home and abroad 
to the memory of Major-General Sir William Penn Symons, K.C.B., of 
Hatt, who fell while commanding the British troops at Talana Hill, 
Natal, on 20th October, 1899." 



SALTASH. 



239 



This monument was unveiled on September 18th, 1901, in the 
presence of a large crowd of spectators, by the Right Hon. the 
Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, who also sketched the late General's 
military history. Dr. R. T. Meadows, Vice-Chairman of the 
Committee gave an account of the origin and development of 
the Fund which was gathered from England, and almost every 
part of the world. 

The monument was draped in flags prepared by seamen of 
H.M.S. Defiance. After it was unveiled by the Lord Lieutenant 
of the County, it was handed over to the Mayor, who replied. 
Admiral Lord Charles Scott proposed, and Colonel Clarke, 
Chief of General Sir William Butler's stafi', seconded a vote of 
thanks to Lord Mount Edgcumbe. 

A letter was read by the Secretary from General Sir George 

"White, which is as follows : — 

" 30 Aug., 1901. 
Dear Mr. Burden, 

I have only just received your letter, dated 24th inst., and regret 
exceedingly tliat I have engagements that prevent the possibility of my 
being present at the unveiling of the memorial to the late Major-Gen. Sir 
W. Penn Symons. 

I am very glad to hear that there is to be this memorial to that fine 
soldier, Penn Symons. He was a great friend of mine, and F looked upon 
him as one of the bravest leaders and finest tacticians in our Army. 

The blow he struck at Talana Hill was worthy of the best traditions of 
the British Army, and transformed the overweening confidence of the 
Boers into a spirit of hesitancy that went far towards enabling us to save 
the Capital and main part of Natal. 

Believe me, Yours sincerely, 

GEO. S. WHITE." 




40 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



ST. STEPHEN'S-BY-SALTASH. 

This parish is so named from its patron saint, St. Stephen, to 
whom the Church was dedicated. 




Photo hii] 



ST. STEPHEN's-BY-SALTAf;H CHURCH. [^4. Trahair, Saltash. 



The Church is a fine old building of stone in the 

THE Perpendicular style, consisting of chancel, nave of 

CHURCH, five bays, aisles, south porch, and an embattled 

western tower with pinnacles, containing six bells, 
two of which were cast in 1760, two others in 1856, and the re- 



ST. stephen's-by-saltash. 241 

maining two in 1897. The font is Norman ; the carved stone 
revedos, with panels illustrating the "Nativity," is by Hems, of 
Exeter. The date of the erection of the Church is uncertain, as 
it was built at different periods. It was restoTed in 1872, when 
the Rev. E. Polwhele was Vicar, under the direction of Ewan 
Christian. In 1895, the tower, the west front, and the south porch 
were renovated, the battlements of the tower being rebuilt, and 
four new pinnacles and a central flagstaff erected at a cost, in- 
cluding some ornaments and accessories, of about £375. In the 
chancel are three curiously illustrated volumes of "Fox's Book of 
Martyrs," dated 1684. The tower which is about 88 feet high to 
point of pinnacles, and from the top of which a magnificent 
panorama of country may be seen, was erected in the Thirteenth 
Century. The font is evidently, from its designs, of the early 
Norman period ; it was dug out of a mass of rubbish inside the 
Church by the late Rev. John BuUer, when Vicar of the parish. 
There is an interesting sun dial above the porch, placed in 1783. 
There are 550 sittings. The register dates from the year 1545. 

The following is extracted from the Chantry roll of Devon and 
Cornwall : — 

■■ Saynt Stephyn's by Salteashe. The stipendarye there. Founded by 
dyverse persons. To fynde a pryste to praye for them wythin the 
Paryshe Church receyving yerelye for his stipende iiijli. and wythe the 
surplus of the sayd lands certain obytts to be celebrated j-erely for the 
Founders. Yerelye value of the lands and possessions vjli. and viijd." 

Tlie following record was copied by the Publisher from the 
Register of Baptisms in the Church : — 

•■ A^icJioluii lie son of John and Tlioniasin Maunder, hap. 27th Juli/, 1740. 

Ilanc/d at Exeter March 26th, 1764, for a robbery and murder committed, 
in Maker Church." 

Tradition says that he was attracted by the silver buckles worn 
by the sexton of Maker Church, and in order to obtain them, he 
watched his opportunity, and murdered tlie sexton in the tower 
of that Church. 

The following quaint epitaph was also copied 
MONUMENTS, from the Register, taken from a monument in 

the Church, which stands at the east end of 
the north aisle, the inscription of which is almost effaced : — 

■ Hitchins milde and Denham discreet, 
Conceiving longe a niatche full nioete, 
<)ne daughter had no (-hildron more, 
her God liath blest \<'ith issue stoi'e. 
Tliey gave her unto Wadhani's worth, 
Their eyessawe all her beautyes byrthe, 



242 venning's historical notices. 

Then age prest on. and ache withall 
like busie stroakes before the fall, — 
and penn'd them in by Griefs constrayntes 
untill at length to death they faynte. 
Away drops first the lovely Henne, 
the drooping Turtle followeth, when 
With secret sighes, that love had taught, 
sweet William for his Frances sought. 
The faith of Christe each died in : — 
Thus death doth end and life begin." 

The monument itself is carefully preserved, and bears the 
eftigies of William Hitchins and Frances Denham, his wife, who 
are represented as kneeling, and under are their 5 sons and 5 
daughters, in the same attitude, with the family arms. Adjoining 
are the effigies also of George Wadham, Esq., who died in 1606, 
and Dorothy, his wife, daughter of the above-named Hitchins. 
The arms are — Hitchins impaling Denham, and Wadham 
impaling Hitchins. On the floor near this monument is the 
following inscripiiion : — 

"i/ere lieth the hody of George Wadham. sometimes of Catherston, 
■ JEsquier, i7i the county of Dorcett, who died ye VII of Septeber 1606, and 
Dorothy his wife when God shall call hei'." 

There is an ancient Brass in the central passage of the nave, 
which contains the matrices of a man, his wife and children : the 
brasses themselves are gone. There were originally four brasses 
in the corners of the slab, containing the evangelistic symbols ; 
one only, that of St. John, with the figure of an eagle, still 
remains. There is also a brass against a wall, with the arms of 
Stradlinge and Rolle impaled, of the date 1613. Carew mentions 
that a leaden coffin, " containing the proportions of a very bigge 
man," was dug up in the chancel " about four score years before 
his time," and that there was " a writing engraved upon the lead 
expressing the same to be the burial of a Duke ;" this Duke he 
supposed to be " Orgerius because his daughter was married to 
Edgar." 

The supposed burial of Orgar, the father of Elfrida, in this 
Church, by Carew, strengthens the statement that the scene of 
the story of Edgar and Elfrida occurred at Harewood, on the 
Cornish side of the banks of the Tamar, as being very probably 
near the residence of Orgar. We have given this story under 
" Calstock," and to which we would refer our readers. 

On the Eloor also are the following inscriptions : — 

" Here lyeth the body of Mary ye davghter of Francis Bvller, Esq. <& 
wife of ArtMir Bvller Esqr. who died the 16th day of Jvly Anno Dom. 



ST. stbphen's-by-saltash. 243 

1625. Also here lyeth the hody of the said Arthvr, lohich departed this ivorld 
the 26th day of Janrary, A'nn Domini 1645. 

In peace they dyed in tumbe them booth, 

one grave, one stone which dyed in one." 

" Here lieth the body of Jane Geddy of this parish who lived 31 years, ami 
was buried the 25th day of November in the year 1691. 

Here now she lies whom wrongs have brought to dust, 
Wronged by him in whom she did most trust ; 
Heart breaking sorrows did her still attend 
Before her Death. Death did her sorrows end. 
For troubles here, Christ on her head hath sett 
In Paradise, a glorious coronett." 

There are monuments and tablets inscribed : — 

" Here lyeth the bodie of Marie, one of ye Daughters & Heyres of 
Edmond Stradlinge, of St. Georges in Somersett, Esq., who married 
Sam veil ye eldest sonne of Robert RoUe, of Heavnton, in Devon. Esq. 
She dyed ye 23th Janua. l(;i:5." . 

"In memory of Mary, wife of Arthur Burrell, Esq., and daughter of 
Francis BuUer. Esq., who died the KJth day of July, 1()25 ; also the said 
Arthur Burrell, who died in the year 1()45." 

" Here lyeth the body of Honor Yeo, ye Daughter of John Fountayne, 
of Stockley, in ye parish of Stockingham. in the Countye of Devon. Esq. 
deceased, and late wife of Humphry Yeo, of ye Citty of Exon, Merchant, 
and Sonne of William Yeo of thi.s parish, Esq., who departed this Life ye 
17 day of January, 1671I. 

My god I have now in the grave ; 
Death is no pain, Christ made it gaine, 
Arise I shall when God doth call ; 
Look upon me and godly be." 

" Sacred to the memory of Frederick Dansey, Esq., of Plymouth-Dock, 
who departed this life March l.oth. 1813, aged (52. In every situation of 
life, as a husband, a father, and a friend, his conduct was in the highest 
degree exemphyy ; the poor and the destitute had reason to bless him ; 
and all could respect him for deeds that few were found to imitate. 

Sacred also to the memory of Jane Dansey. wife of the above, who died 
in childbed, July. 17'J2, aged 32. A more affectionate or better wife and 
mother never lived." 

" Charles Hudson Dansey. eldest son of Frederick and Jane Dansey ; 
he was taken from a world that was not worthy of him in July, 1808, aged 
21 years and 8 months. 

Early, bright, transient, pure as morning dew 
He si)arkle(l, was elxhal'd, and went to heaven." 

" Sacred to the memory of Thomas Edwards of Burraton, in this 
parish. Gentn., who departed this life the SOth day of July, 1819 ; in the 
75th year of his age. 



244- venning's histoeical notices. 

This monument is erected in this place at liis request, in remembrance 
of his having been a firm supporter of th^ choir of singers of this church, 
of which he was himself a member for olJ years and upwards." 

'■ To the memory of Commodore Thomas Gordon Caulfield. of the 
house of Charlemont, who departed this life while commanding his 
Majesty's ship. Windsor Castle. A.D.. MDCCCXXI. ; M LIII. He 
married Theodosia Talbot of Mount Talbot, in the county of Roscommon. 
Gallant, generous and noble minded, he was loved by his friends and 
much respected in his profession." 

'"Sacred to the memory of Thomas Bennett Edwards. B. A., vicar of 
this parish, who died Septr. 2'.ltb. l.S3t). aged 34 : leaving a sorrowing wife 
and four young children to lament his tender affection." 

" To the memory of John Burell. Esq.. in this parish, who died Sep- 
tember •22nd. 1846. aged 8i). Also of Mary Burell, his wife, who died May 
1st. 184',>. aged !I4. By her last will she bequeathed £500 sterling, since 
invested in £.515 I's. 3d. 3 per cent. Consols, in the name of trustees, for the 
use and maintenance of the National School in this parish." 

"Sacred to the memory of Orlando Mauley. B. A., late vicar of this 
parish, who departed this life the 27th of April. 1853 : ased 62 years. His 
mortal remains, together with those of three of his children, lie interred 
in this churchyard, awaiting the resurrection to eternal life. 

He was a zealous and devoted servant of his divine Master, a most 
affectionate and heavenly minded pastor, who both by life and doctrine 
faithfully set forth the word of salvation, through a crucified and risen 
Saviour ; in this, his labour of love, he never spared himself, but exercised 
his high and holy vocation as an ambassador for Christ, with untiring zeal, 
and an ardent love for souls, ever accounting it his highest privilege to pro- 
claim to sinners that Gospel, the exceeding jireciousness of which he so 
valued in his own soul, and to direct those committed to his charge, in 
season and out of season, to those sources of peace and joy, the fruits of 
which he so abundantly' manifested in his life and conversation. 

The realization of those blessed truths, which he had taught and 
preached for nearly 40 years, afforded him unspeakable comfort and a joy- 
ful hope in his last illness ; and it was the testimony of his latest breath 
that the prospect of the glories that awaited him, grew brighter and 
brighter as he approached them. 

This tablet is erected by his affectionate parishioners, and several of the 
inhabitants of Saltash. even the poorest contributing, by all of whom he 
was cordially beloved in life, and deeply regretted in death." 

There are several tablets to the Porter family : — 

"Sacred to the memory of Richard Porter. Esq.. late of this parish, 
who died 9th day of June. 1799 ; in the 46 year of his age. Also Mary 
Porter, his widow, who died 5th December, 1824, aged 76 years." 

" Sacred to the memory of Philip Porter, late of tliis parish. Surgeon, 
who died May 11th. 1820; aged 30 years. Beloved and regretted by all 
■who knew him. Also Mary Philips Porter, only daughter of the above, 
who departed this life April 19th, 1845 : aged 26 years." 



ST. stephen's-by-saltash. 245 

" To the memory of Thomas Cole, Esiqr., a paymaster in the Royal 
Navy ; an old and respected inhabitant of Plymouth, where his remains 
are interred, who died on the 20th of December, 1847 ; aged 75 years. 

This tablet is placed b}' his affectionate widow, Loveday Cole of 
Shillingham manor, daughter of Richard Porter. Esq., of this parish. 
Also of Robert Crossings Philips, (whose remains are deposited in this 
church), .'^on of Rear Admiral Philips, and nephew of Loveday Cole of 
Shillingham. He died on the 27th of September. 182'j ; aged 21 years. 
Also of the said Loveday Cole, who died on the 22nd of August. 1854 ; 
aged 72 years ; and whose remains lie in this church."' 

There is the following tablet to Captn. William Porter of the 
40th Regiuient, who served at the capture of Monte Video, 
February 3rd, 1807 ; tlie attack on Buenos Ayres, October 1807 ; 
and in the Peninsular War, 1808-14 : — 

" In memorj' of William Porter. Escjr , of this parish, a Captain in the 
4iJth Regiment, in which he served at the capture of Monte Video ; the 
attack on Buenos Ayres ; and in the Peninsula under the Duke of 
Wellington. He died on the 5th of April, 185".) ; aged 65 years. Also of 
his brothers, Richard, Samuel, and Erisey ; and of his sister Elizabeth ; 
the sons and daughter of Richard Porter, Esq." 

There are also tablets to the family of Edwards inscribed : — 

■■ Sacred to the memory of Thomas Edwards, Escjre., of Trematon Hall 
and Stoketon, in this parish, who departed this life on the '.'th day of 
December, 1857 ; aged 80 years. 

Also of Mary, his wife, who died at Trematon Hall on the 7th January, 
1827 ; aged 41 years. 

Also of John Edwards, of Bui'aton, in this i)arish. brother of the 
above, who died 13th January. I83'.l ; aged (')(> years. 

Their mortal remains lie interred in a vault near this place." 

There is a Brass Eagle Lectern in memory of the late Michael 
William de Courcy, 32nd Baron Kingsale. 

A handsome new stained glass east window has been put in this 
church within the last few years, in memory of x\ugustus 
Seymour Porter. 

This curious epitaph is in the Churchyard : — 

" llfie lies /hi' hull;/ af Theobald Jhillrr, Uiti' <;/' tlif c'dij <;/' DitJilin hi Ire- 
la7t(l. (1)1(1 late (lUimer of the Ocean, loJio (lied at i^altanh, the I-^tli da;/ af Jmie, 
1 782. aged 51) i/earx. 

Full Forty years I plow'd the raging main 
Thro' Europe. Africa and back again, 
Thence to America, touch'd Asia too, 
Yet here I rest (Reader) waiting for you. 



246 venning's historical notices. 

Careless of Storms, or Tempest, or Catinon loudly roaring, 
As here I lie I now defy, all officers controlling, 
Tho' in my life, I did discharge my duty with delight, 
Never more eas'd, nor better pleas'd my enemy to fight. 

Murii his wife died June 29th 17S,3, aged 51 ?/ea7-s." 

Also on a monument in the churchyard there is inscribed : — 

•• John Buller. elk., sometime vicar of jds church, died ye XXVI. day of 
October, mdcccxlvi., aged LXIX. year^. His remains, with those of 
several of his famil3\ repose in the vault beneath, in sure and certain 
hope of ye resurrection to everlasting life." 

On a tablet attached to Buller's Ahns House there is : — 

" This alms house is the gift of James Buller, of Shillingham. Esq., 
deceased, whose memory, as well as illustrious favours, ought not to be 
forgotten, but kept, as it is to be hoped they will, in everlasting 
remembrance." 

Near the vicarage grounds is an ancient cross, displaying a 
carving of the " Crucifixion." 

There are valuable charities belonging to this parish, and also 
other charities amounting to £100, including Stanning's of £15, 
Mary Burell's and Mabbot's of £70. 

This neat and commodious Chapel, with 
METHODISM. Schoolroom annexed, was erected in 1893 on 

a commanding site on the borders of this 
growing and important village. The site was given by the late 
Mr. John Short, of Burraton, who took a great interest in the 
erection of this place of worship, and generously contributed 
upwards of £100 towards the building, which cost about £800. 
The Memorial Stones were laid in May, 1893, when the services 
were conducted by the Eev. W. Maltby, Chairman of the District ; 
and the Chapel vvas opened in the following November, by the 
Eev. T. T. Lambert, of Plymouth. The congregation is increas- 
ing rapidly. There are about 175 sittings, all of which are taken. 
The Schoolroom will accommodate about 100 children, and is 
only separated from the Chapel by a portable screen. The 
rostrum is fixed on framework supported by eight wheels, which 
can be removed to the end of the schoolroom when required for 
special occasions. 

To go back to the origin of Methodism in this village — as in 
most other country places — " small and feeble was the day," 
when first the work began. It was about the year 1835, that a 
Miss Cresswell, of Saltash, opened the first Sunday School in a 



ST. STEPHEN S-BY-SALTASH. 



247 



cottage at Lower Burraton, on her own responsibility, and paid 
the rent. After some time another room was engaged in a 
cottage, now occupied by Mr. E. Hobbs. Here, in addition to 
the Sunday Scliool, regular services were conducted on Sunday 
evenings. George Goad, a postman of Saltash, and others took 




lUIKKAl'ON WESI.EYAX ( IIArKL, 



a lively interest in the woi'k, and a Methodist Society was 
formed. In 1866 a new Chapel was erected to hold about 50 
adults, besides pi'oviding for the children attending the Sunday 
School, whicli was held in the Chapel. As the population of the 
neighbourhood began to increase, and the Chapel became so 
crowded, there was a necessity for the erection of a more com- 
modious place of worship ; hence the present Chapel — as shewn 
in our illustration — was erected, and there is now a debt of only 
£120 on the building. The old Chapel has been sold, and con- 
verted into a cottage A scheme for enlarging the School and 
providing suitable accessories is in progress and will soon be 
completed. 



248 



VENNING S HISTOKICAL NOTICES. 



Trematon Castle, the residence of Col. Thomas Cole 

TREMATON Porter. C.B., J. P., is in this parish, and is built upon an 

CASTLE. artificial mound, on the summit of a high hill on the 

right bank of the Lynher. overlooking Plymouth 
Harbour and flamoaze. 

The circular rains of the ancient fortress are very extensive, and are 
densely surrounded by trees. They comprise a keep, gateway, and base 
court. The keep is at the north-west corner of the court, and is an oval 
structure of about TO-feet by 50-ft. in dimension, with walls IM-ft. thick 
and 30-ft. high, dating from the Thirteenth Century. The ancient gate- 
house is in a nearly perfect state of preservation, and has three arches, 
between which are grooves for the portcullises. There are two guard- 
rooms above, in one of which Edward the Black Prince is said to have 




TKEMATON CASTLE. 



slept. The walls of the ramparts average <S-ft. in thickness, and a break 
at the south-east portion affords an opening for light and views. In the 
central area there is a modern mansion, built partly of stone obtained 
from the portion of ramparts removed from such oi)ening. This was 
effected in 1807 by Benj. Tucker, Esq.. Surveyor-General to the Duchj' of 
Cornwall, for the purpose of erecting the dwelling house. 

Originally this ancient fortress was probably a Biitish stronghold 
adapted and altered by its Norman owners. After the Conquest it fell 
into the hands of Robert of Mortain, a half-brother to William the 
Conqueror, under whom it was held by the Valletorts. and passed in 
succession to the Earls of Cornwall. During the insurrection in 1549 



ST. stephen's-by-saltash. 249 

against the introduction of the Protestant liturgy, the rebels captured the 
governor and plundered the buildinijs of this castle. 

General Porter has property contii,'uous to the castle, and the association 
of the Porter family with Treinatoii Castle is not the least remarkable 
feature in connection therewith. Wiiting in 1G(J2, Carew says : " Of the 
ancient oQicers one yet retayneth ,the name though not .the place, viz., 
M. Porter, to whose ancestors when Valletort was L therefore one by a 
deed before date gave land lying without the gate by the title of 'Russell 
Janitore de Trematon.' which he still enjoyeth. M. Porter's arms are 
sable three belles arg : a canton ermine.' 

In the castle grounds there is a s(piare block of breakwater limestone, 
with a medallion of Joini Jervis. Earl of St. Vincent, who suggested the 
building of the breakwater. The date of his death, 16th March, 1824. is 
on the medallion, and a Latin inscription. 

Beneath the old keep there is on the outside a cave labelled " Witches 
Cave." This recess runs for several feet underneath the ramparts. Near 
the spot is a modern grotto, with some quaint engravings and carved 
work, and a little to the left may be seen an old Cothic gateway with 
some parts of a wall, in which there is a peculiar niche. This suggests 
itself as being some remains of an ancient chapel. 

In the reign of Edward III. there were nearly' fifty deer in Trematon 
Park, which was on the north side of the castle, but Henry VIII.. think- 
ing there was little i>leasuie or profit in preserving them, they became 
e.xtinct, and the park is now divided into enclosures as meadow laud. 

Forder Creek runs up from the Lynher to a bridge just beneatli the 
castle, and by this means water parties come to view the old ruins, and 
take tea at Appletree Cot. From Trematon Castle some splendid views 
of the river Tamar and surrounding district may be obtained. 

In 1S97 a long lease of the Castle was granted by the Duchy of Corn- 
wall to Col. Thomas Cole Porter. C.B.. commanding (ith Dragoon Guards 
(Carabineers). The Castle has been renovated by Col. Porter, who has 
fitted it up and made it his abode, since his return from the South African 
war. where he distinguished himself. ;ind has just been made a Commander 
of the Bath, by the King, and also a J. P. for Cornwall. 

Shillingham .Manor gave its name to an old family from 
MANORS, thence called de Shillingham. from whom it passed to 

Lord Bonville and Sir John Horsey, Kt., whose heiress. 
Elizabeth, married Alexander BuUer. Escj , of Tregarrick, ancestor of the 
jiresent Loixl Chunstoii ; from the BuUers, Shillingham passed to the 
Porter family and now belongs to Col. Thomas (^ole Porter. The Manor 
which means " the dwelling covered with slates." was anciently held by 
Martin de Ferrers. Bishop Stapeldon gianted a license for an oratory 
within their rmxnsion of Shillingham to Sir William J^'errers, Knight, and 
his wife Matilda. June ID. 13ls. 

Trematon Hall is in the occupation of John Edwards. Esq. Ince Castle 
is on a peninsula in the estuary of the Lyidier. and was formerly the seat 
■of the Killigrew family. It is now a farmhouse, a rectangular structure of 
bi'ick, erected in the Si.xteenth Century, with a tower at each angle. In 
ll)4() it was gairisoned for the King, but ultimately surrendered to the 
Parliament. Stoketon is the residence of Lord Kingsale. 



250 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



SHEVIOCK. 

Sheviock, Sheviocke, or Seveak, as it was anciently called, 
means "the dwelling by the oak river." 

The Church, which was dedicated to St. 
THE CHURCH. Mary, October 13th, 1259, is very old and 

plain, with a small tower surmounted by 
a spire. It is an ancient building of local stone, in the 
Early Decorated st^^le, of about 1300, consisting of chancel, nave 
of six bays, north aisle, south transept, north and south porches 
and a western tower with spire containing two bells, dated 1693> 
and 1668. The north transept was removed (about 1500) to 
make way for a Perpendicular aisle ; the tower is slight and has 
no turret stairs ; the spire, having had its top shortened in 
repairing it, has lost somewhat of its former beauty. The 
chancel has three stained windows, including the east window,, 
and contains three plain sedilia, a credence and good piscina,. 




Phutn h 



'Jil\ 



SHEVIOCK CHURCH. UJ'ijitdiii L. Vliiiiij. Luii)ice><ton. 



SHEVIOCK. 251 



and there is another piscina in the transept. The rood loft stairs 
also remain ; the communion table is of oak : the chancel 
walls are decorated with medallions exhibiting scripture 
subjects. The chancel was restored in 1850, and the nave,, 
north aisle and Dawney transept were completely restored in 
1872, under the direction of the late G. E. Street, Esq., E.A. 
There are 235 sittings. The register of baptisms dates from the- 
year 1624. Fragments of marriages, 1570 ; and burials, 1569. 

The Church is said to have been erected by one of the Dawney 
family, whose wife agreed to build a barn close by, and it was 
found on making up their accounts when the works were all 
completed, that the barn cost lid. more than the Church ; and 
well it might, for it was a great barn and a little Church. Of 
this great barn built by Lady Dawney, a portion still remains of 
one of its lofty gables, which is preserved with great care by 
Major-General Sir Reginald Pole Carew, K.C.B., the Lord of the 
Manor. Respecting this story about the big barn and the little 
Church, Carew says : — 

'■ There runneth also a tale amoiiijst the parishioners, how one of these 
Ddtini/es ancestours undertook to build the Church and his wife the 
barne adioyniny^, and that casting up their accounts upon finishing of 
their workes, the barne was found to cost three halfe-pence more than 
the Church ; and so it might well fall out for it is a great barne. and a 
little Church." 

There is a piece of old stained glass, a relic of the Courtenay 
arms, which is fixed in one of the chancel windows. 

On the cliurch door are the letters " I.H.C." and " W.C.W." 
with the date " 1723." 

In the south transept is a beautiful Monument 
MONUMENTS, of the latter part of the Fourteenth Century, 

witli efligies, supposed to represent Sir 
Edward Courtenay, of Godlington, third son of Hugh, Earl of 
Devon, and Emmeline, his wife, daughter and heiress of Sir John 
Dawney ; the canopy above the tomb is groined and the lower 
portion is enriched witli shields of arms. In the north wall is 
the efligy of a knight, said to represent a brother of Lady 
Enmieline. 

On visiting this Ciiurch for the purpose of inspecting th 
monuments, Sec, the Publisher was informed by the Rector, the 
Rev. Gerald Pole Carew, tliat there appears to be some doubt as 
to whether one of the monuments above referred to in the south 
transept represents Sir Edward Courtenay, but there is no doubt 



252 venning's histobical notices. 



whatever that the other monument adjoining represents his wife 
Emmeline, the daughter and heiress of Sir John Dawney ; and 
the Eector has written the following inscription, and fixed it on 
■the monument : — 

'•Emmeline, daughter and heiress of Sir John .Dawney, wife of Sir 
Edward Courtenay. died 1H7()." 

Kespecting these beautiful monuments, Carew, the Historian 

says : — 

" In the Church there lie two Knights of that name, and one of their 
ladies by her husband's side, having their pictures embossed on their 
tombes 'in the side walles, and their Arms once painted around about ; 
but now by the malice, not of men. but of time, defaced. They are 
held to be father and sonne, and that the sonne slayne ni our warres 
with Fraunce. was from thence brought home to be here mterred. ' 

There are tablets, &c., in the Church which bear the following 
epitaphs and inscriptions : — 

" In the chancel of this church are deposited the remains of John 
Waiiis, Esq., late of Stoke Damerel, who died at Trethill in this parish, 
June, 1780 ; aged 57 years. Also those of his only child, Anne, wife of 
J. T Duckworth. Esq.. Captain of the Royal Navy and Colonel of 
Marines, who died at Stoke on the 20th of August, 171»7 ; aged 46 years. 
A character over which the mild virtues of fiial piety, conjugal affection, 
and maternal tenderness combined to throw a lustre, which the hand of 
partiality itself would vainly attempt to exaggerate. The warmth of her 
heart was equalled by the brilliancy of her talents ; and the exemi)lary ^ 
fortitude with which a frame wasted by the depredations of an habitual 
illness of many successive years, supported itself under some of the most 
trying scenes of an eventful life, bears irrefragable testimony to the 
strength of her mind and the solidity of her understanding. 

In the same grave lies interred the body of Anne Wallis, who erected 
this memorial of affection and sorrow to her beloved husband and child, 
and who died Januy. 20tb, 1806 ; aged 70. Her life was devoted to the 
exercise of every christian virtue, and her death deeply lamented by those 
<;hildren of her dear and only daughter, whom she cherished as her own. 

In memory of her beloved and only son, George Wallis Duckworth, in- 
terred in this church, who died May 21st, 1811, at the age of 2 years and 
1) months ; having shown even at that early period dawnings of those 
virtues which were so conspicuous in his'father. This tablet is inscribed 
by Penelope, the afflicted widow of Lieut.-Col. (ieorge Henry Dnckworth, 
of the 48th Regt. of Foot, who fell in the memorable battle of Albuera, 
in Spain, May 16, 1811 ; deeply lamented by all to whom he was known : 
for in him were combined ardent zeal and intrepidity in his profession ; 
the warmest, kindest affections of the heart, rectitude of principle, and 
the benevolence and charity of a Christian. 

Of such is the kingdom of heaven." 

" To the memory of Penelope Fanshawe, daughter of Lieut.-Col. George 
Henry and Penelope Duckworth, who died Oct. 3rd, 1814, aged 7 .years ; 
and lies interred with her brother, George Wallis Duckworth. 



SHEVIOCK. 25$ 



Dear lost Penelope ! and must this tomb 
Quench the sweet promise of thy opening bloom ; 
Crush the rich liarvest of a mind so fair, 
Its early piety, its filial care / 
No, there are seeds that angry tempests brave ; 
These cannot perish in a timeless grave : 
Sprung from the tree of life, to them 'tis given 
Though sown on earth, to germinate in heaven." 

■■ Near this place lies the mortal part of the Rev. Mr. Samuel Deeble, 
rector of this parish twelve years ; he died Hth February, 1750 ; aged 57 
years. Also his daughter Ann Deeble. who died ?> Sept., 1761, aged IG 
years and six months." 

'• To the memory of Alplionse Charles de Morel, Ensign in the XXX. 
Regt. of Briiish Native Infantry. He fell in the battle of Chillianwallah, 
on the 13 January. lfS4'J. aged 2;?. He was eldest son of the Count de 
Morel and Charlotte Jemima, his wife, eldest daughter of the Rt. Hon. 
Reginald Pole Carew, of Antony." 

On a tomb in the churchyard is the following inscription : — 

■• Here lieth the body of Walter Arundt'll, descended of the house of 
Trerice. was parson here 44 years, lived 84 years, builded two alms houses, 
and gave £3'i lOs., the ])rofit of which being twelve pence a week, is to be 
given to the poorest every Sunday for ever-, by the direction of the parson, 
and wardens. Anno Doni. 1G2'.I. ' 

Since the publication of the list of Rectors of this parish — . 
which appears in another part of our work — the PubHsher has 
obtained Irom the Eector, the Rev. Gerald Pole Carew, a list of 
those who were Rectors previously, viz : — John le Arceveske, 
June 11th, 1270 ; William de Hautone, April 13th, 1278 ; Philip 
de Risindone in 1327 ; John de Langedone, April 2nd, 1330 ; 
Benedict Grystry or Grysby in 1404, and on his death John 
Godwin was instituted 23rd March, 1404; Richard Donscombe 
December 31st, 1406 ; and John Walle, September 13th, 1415. 

The Manor of Siieviock anciently belonged to the- 
MANORS, family of D'aunay.Daunye or D'awney. This family^ 

which was from D'auney Castle in Normandy, came 
in with the Conqueror. A Sir William D'Aunay was made a 
General in 1192. Having slain a Saracen Prince, he afterwards 
killed a lion, cut off its paw, and presented it to the King, who, 
to show his approval, took off the ring from his own finger and 
gave it to the Knight, who was ordered to bear as his crest, a 
demi-saracen with a lion's paw in one hand and a ring in the 
other : and this is at the present day the fainily crest. A Sir 
Nicholas Dawnay, one of the descendants of the family, died in 
1333, whose son John lived in this parish and was made a. 
Knight. His only child and daughter Emmeline, by marriage. 



254 venning's historical notices. 



with Edward Courtenay, carried all the estates of this family 
into that of the Earls of Devon. 

It has always been known that the family of Viscount 
Downe represented a branch of this family. When the Church 
was undergoing restoration by the late Eector, he, by some 
means found out a Mr. Dawney, a descendant of the family, who 
subscribed £500 towards the Church. 

Crafthole Manor or borough, called in ancient records Croftil- 
borowe, also fell with the attainder, and was annexed to the 
Duchy ; in 1798 it was purchased by the Et. Hon. E. Pole 
Carew, in whose family it still continues. Crafthole had formerly 
a market on Wednesdays, with a fair for three days at the 
festival of St. James ; these were granted to Nicholas Dawney 
in 1314, then Lord of the Manor. There was afterwards a 
cattle fair at Lady-day, and a holiday fair on Easter Tues- 
day ; but all have passed away. Crafthole was governed by 
a portreeve, assisted by constables, until the time of Charles 
IL 

There is a Cross with chamfered edges, about 5^- feet high and 
situate on a mound, at the junction of the roads near the church 
town. 

Thei'e is another at Crafthole with a widely formed head, 
about 3 feet in height. 



SOUTHHILL. 

This parish is probably named from the position of 

PATRON the Church, which stands on the summit of a hill, 

SAINT. facing south. The patron Saint is St. Sampson, who 

was a native of Glamorganshire, and born about the 
year 496. He went over to Ireland for his education and train- 
ing, whence he journeyed to Brittany, and at Dol he founded an 
Abbey and died there on July 6th, 564. He was consecrated a 
Bishop in 520, and as an Evangelist and Preacher won a wide 
reputation. On his way to France he doubtless travelled hither, 
and attracted many from the country side by his earnest 
eloquence, baptizing some of the natives into the name of the 
sacred Trinity, who, feeling the power of the Gospel, renounced 
their idolatry. 



SOUTHHILL. 



255 



^.^' 






On November 4th, 1891, by invitation of the 

INSCRIBED Rector (the Rev. John Shaw), the Rev. W. Jago 

STONE. (of Bodmin), superintended the digging up and 

re-erection of a very interesting Inscribed Stone 
— as appears in oar illustration. It is a block of hewn granite, 
about 8 feet long. The inscription is in Latin, and at the head 
the Christian symbol. Formerly this gravestone was found a 
few hundred yards above the Bap- 
tising Well, in the Rectory Grounds. 
Mr. Jago took careful rubbings of 
it, when he discovered that it was 
without doubt an early Christian 
Monument, and from the style of 
the letters belongs to the Romano- 
British period, before the time of 
Augustine, proving the existence of 
Christianity in the parish for more 
than 1200 years ! and rising up as a 
remarkable and most interesting 
proof of the effect of St. Sampson's 
preaching. For here is one Mon- 
umental Stone — probably out of 
many — that attests to the existence 
of a convert to Christianity in the 
early years oi the Sixth Century, 

and who, it is almost certain to suppose, was taught by the 
Patron Saint of Southhill, St. Sampson. 



-«» 



SEL, 




-f 1^-^^^ 










The Church — which was dedicated to St. Sampson, 

THE by Grandisson, Bishop of Exeter, November 4th, 

CHURCH. 1333— is a building of stone chiefly in the Decorated 

and Perpendicular styles, consisting of chancel, 
south aisle, south porch, and an embattled western tower con- 
taining five bells. In the chancel are a five foiled ogee-arched 
piscina, sedilia with arches of polyphant stone, a founder's tomb, 
and an Eastern sepulchre. In the Manaton transept is a three 
foiled piscina, and there is a hagioscope of great length. The 
rood stairs are in the south wall. The chancel window is 
enriched with geometrical tracery, shafts, caps, and an inner 
arch ; it is filled with stained glass, the chief feature of which is 
the Crucifixion. 

The chancel was handsomely and tastefully restored in 1859. 
The arcade has four four-centred arches, supported on monolith 
granite pillars. 



256 



venning's historical notices. 



FM^"^>V ■• 




SOLTTHHILL CHURCH. 



The Font — as will be seen 
by our illustration — has a 
round bowl sculptured with 
grotesque figures, on the 
north and south are dragons, 
on the east a representation 
of the tree of life. It res-is 
on a round shaft, and is 
supported by four small 
pillars, with human head 
capitals ; the material is 
Pentewan stone. 




FONT SOITUHILL CIIUKCH. 



SOUTHHILL. 257 



The tower arch is lofty and boldly moulded, and is open to the 
church. The tower has three stages, is buttressed at tlie angles, 
and finished with battlements and low pinnacles ; below the 
parapet are figures of the Twelve Apostles. On the old door 
there is a " Sanctuary ring," a relic of ancient times and usages. 

The Church was restored in 1871 at great expense, and has- 
200 sittings. The register of baptisms dates from the year 1538 ; 
marriages, 1566 ; and burials, 1550. 

In the nave there is an ancient incised slab, 
MONUMENTS with inscription and legend to the Manaton 
AND family — who lived at Manaton in this parish — 

MEMORIALS.- with coats of arms on each corner marked 
Trecarrel, Manaton, Kendon, Bicton. John 
Manaton died in 1507 and his wife in 1500. The monument is 
inscribed : — 

"Hie jaceth Joh'es Manaton qvi obiit anno d'm. MCCCCCVII ; et 

Joh'is Manton, et Joha, qui obiera a. d'ni. MCCCCC. primo, et 

Alicia nuper uxor Campeon, qui obiit a. d"ni. MCCCCC mo xxviii." 

In the transept is a curious monument to Michael Hill, who- 
intermarried with the Manaton family. He is represented as 
sitting at his library table with his head resting on his hand, and 
a skull supporting his elbow ; and below are the following lines, 
which we carefully copied although they are partly obliterated : — 

•■ Near v/ito thin place lifth the body of Michael Hill, the eldeat stmtte of 
Michael Hill of Trenethick Esq., wch he had by Francea, the eldest davghter 
of' Sampfioii Manaton of Manaton, Esq., who depted this life the 11 th of hme 
ifiG.S. 

Strange what newes this stone could tell 

Of saint turn'd Angel Michael 

Stranger, that so high a Hill. 

sinks so low A Vault to fill ; 

Strangest, when my friends hence fleete, 

It two & all wee Hills doe meete." 

A Brass tablet is attached to the chancel window, which is 
inscribed : 

'" In fond memory of Rear- Admiral Samuel Thornton, loho was drowned 
cM sexi May IGth, 1S39, this windoiv is inserted by his sorrowing widow, sister 
of the Rector of this parish." 

in the south chancel window, which is filled with ornamental 
glass, is the following inscription : — 

" In pious and fond remembrance of Major Percy John Rice, of the 51st 
R.O. Light Infantry, who died at Bangalore, East Indies, May 22nd, 1^50, 



258 venning's historical notices. 



aged 40. Also, of Lucy Maria Elton, wife of Edmund Elton, Esq., of 
Plevedon Court, Somersetshire, ivho died at Clifton, May 16th, 1S4(>, aged 32 
years. Ah, my brother ! Ah, sister J" 

One of the south windows, which is filled with ornamented 
glass semee of vine leaves, is inscribed : — 

" In memory of George Body, of Trevigro in this parish, who died Octr. 
23rd. 1820 ; aged 64 years. Also of Elizabeth, his wife, who died March 
4th, '1843 ; aged 71 years. This window is affectionately inserted by their 
sons, Martin Body, Portreeve of Callington, and Josiah Body, Surgeon, of 
Cheriton Fitzpaine. Devon." 

. On another south window, with semee of oak branches, is 

inscribed : — 

" In memory of William Dunstan, Yeoman, of Meaders in this parish, 
who died Novr. 27th, 1854 ; aged 72 years. Also of Ann, his widow, who 
died Deer. 13th, 1857 ; aged 76 yrs. ' Be thou faithful unto death, and I 
will give thee a crown of Life.' " 

On the third south window, semee of fleurs-de-lis and Ihs, is 
inscribed : — 

" In pious memory of Stephen Trehane, of Stockaton, who died Feb. 
5th, 1848 ; aged 80 years. Also of Mary, his wife, who died Feby. 6th, 
1838 ; aged 66 years. In pious memory of Stephen Trehane, of Tavistock, 
who died Jany. 11th, 1853 ; aged 64 yrs. Also of Eliza, his wife, who died 
June 15th, 1850 ; aged 51 years. ' If we believe that Jesus died and rose 
again, even so them also wihich sleep in Jesus shall God bring with him.' 

These lights were inserted, A. D. 1855, by John Hony Trehane and 
"William Stephen Trehane, his nephew, of Stockaton." 

The west window of the aisle, semee of leafage, is inscribed: — 

" In memory of Mary Fookes, widow of William Fookes, Esq.. deceased, 
and mother of William Fookes, M.A., Curate of Southhill at his death. 
' Sleep in Jesus.' " 

In 1888, a Tower Screen was erected as a Memorial to the late 
Eector, the Eev. Francis Vansittart Thornton, M.A., and his wife. 

On a cross in the Churchyard, to the memory of the Rev. H. 
M. Eice, late Eector of this parish, are these words : — 
" God be merciful to me a sinner. 

In peace. Horatio Morgan Rice, Rector of this ph, fell asleep October 
.20th, 1863, aged 57. I am the Resurrection and the Life saith the Lord." 

There is a Holy or Baptizing Well called St. Sampson's, and 
formerly there was a Stone Cross in the grounds of the Eectory. 

A yearly rent charge of £5 was given by one of the members 
of the Knill family, payable out of the Estate of Trewoodloe, 
for teaching poor children to read and write; but this has been 



SOUTHHILL. 



259 



lost for many years. There is also a yearly sum, the income of 
13 acres of land, wliich was given for the use of the labouring 
poor; this is annually distributed at the Lady-day Vestry. It 
Was given by Hawkins and others, and amounts to about £15 
yearly. 

, In 1896, through the exertions of the Eector (Rev. John Shaw) 
and the liberality of his personal friends (several of the farmers 
also drawing stone), an exceedingly nice Classroom (from the 
designs of H. J. Snell, Esq , architect) was erected at the cost of 
£126, to meet the requirements of the Education Department. 

The present Eector, the Rev. 
John Shaw, M.A., was inducted 
into the living of Southhill with 
Callington early in 1887. He 
was a graduate of Cambridge 
in Mathematical Honours, a 
Scholar of St. Catherine's Col- 
lege, being a great friend and 
contemporary of the Bishop of 
Ripon. His first curacy was 
at St. Margaret's, Westminster 
(the Parish Church of the 
House of Commons). He then 
as Diocesan Missionary took 
up work in the West of Chel- 
sea, where through his exer- 
tions and the liberality of friends 
and self sacrifice of his con- 
gregation, a handsome Church 
(St. John's) was erected. A 
beautiful, spacious and well- 
appointed Mission Hall was 
also built, and then a comfortable Vicarage. For fourteen years 
he laboured at St. John's, Chelsea, commencing with a Sunday 
School of two children. When he left there were 1,000 on 
the books. He mariied in 1873 Caroline Ellen Collins, second 
daughter. of the late .John B. Collins, Esq., of Bodtnin, by whom 
he has six sons and three daughters. 




i;i;v. .1. siiAW, .\i.A., 

Rector of Sonlltliill iriili ('aUi)tg(on. 



At Tiewassick, one Sunday in 1787, Mr. R. 
METHODISM. Geake, of Frogwell, ])roclaimed salvation in 

the Farm Kitchen of ^Ir. Rowe, great-grand- 
father of Mr, John Rowe, a present member at Golberdon. 



260 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



Preaching services were conducted for some years at Mr. Body's, 
Bicton Mill. 

In 1818 Mr. John Ball granted a piece of land on lease for 60 
years, on which the old Chapel called "Bethel" was erected. 
The principal leaders and workers at that time were Miss Mary 
Foot Trehane, of Stockaton, and John and Joanna James, with 
the Williams and the Goads. 



-• \ 



Pfpwpi 




'li* 






I'hoto hi/] 



(iOLIiEKDON WKSLKYAN til AI'KI.. [ //(trr/s. (,hl,/'thi()fk. 



The Sunday School, begun in 1817, was re-formed about 1835 
by Miss Trehane, assisted by Miss Coad, of Mornick. A family 
of Lobb were also great supporters of the cause then. In 1863, 
Mr. Elias Geake, formerly of Southhill, but living at Treburgey, 
in the Liskeard Circuit, presented the site on which the present 
beautiful Chapel was erected, at a cost of £400. In 1871 a 
{Schoolroom was added with classrooms over, and other improve- 
ments, costing £200. A stable, coach-house, orchestra, and other 
adjuncts have since been built. A new Organ was erected in 
19U0, by Guest, of Exeter. 



STOKECLIMSIiAND. 261 



At the Stone Laying, the Farm Buildings, at Trewassick, were 
placed at the disposal of the friends by Mr. Coad, whose son and 
grandson have since occupied the estate. ' 

r In 1875, Golberdon was visited by a great awakening during » 
Mission, conducted by Mr. Samuel Allin. 

The Church was originally annexed to the great 
MANORS. Manor or Franchise of Callyland or Killiland, the 

ancient property of Lord Stafford. From that 
family, through various changes, two thirds of the Manor came 
to Lady Ashburton, and now belong to the Countess of North- 
ampton, the other third having come to the Crown. By different 
grants it became vested in the Strode family, and G. S, S. Strode, 
Esq., is the present owner. 

The Manor and Bai'ton of Manaton, which is now the pro- 
perty of Lady Ashburton, was anciently a seat of the family of 
Manatons almost fi'om time immemorial, probably before the 
conquest, and signifies a Stony Hill. The Manor extends into 
other parishes adjoining. One Sampson Manaton died here in 
1637; and Ambrose his son who entertained King Charles I. at 
Trecarrel, on his eiiti-y into Cornwall, at the commencement of 
the Civil War, was M.P. for Launceston. He was re-elected in 
1641 and 1643, but was disabled for " deserting the service of the 
house." The mansion, of which there are some remains, was 
rebuilt by one Francis Manaton in 1687. By marriage, a large 
portion of the estate went into the family of Hill, of Trenethick. 



STOKECLIMSLAND. 

This parish is so named,. Bannister says, " because it is the 
chief place on Clement's Land " ; others say that it takes its 
name from the Manor of Stow (^limsland, but its patron saint is 
unknown. 

The Church was dedicated in 1324, and 
THE CHURCH, restored in 1860. It is a fine building of 

granite in the Late Decorated style, consist- 
ing of chancel, nave of six bays, aisles, south porch and ara 
embattled western tower, with crocketed pinnacles, containing a 
clock, dated 1862, and eight bells, the tenor, which is the largest, 
weighing nearly one ton. 



262 



VEKKIKG S HISTOIilCAL NOTICES. 



In 1771 the five bells were re-cast by the Penningtons, of 
StokecUmsland, and the present peal of eight took their place. 
The chancel retains a piscina. 




rindo hf/] 



STOKECI.IMsr.AXl) CIiriMlI. 



[ Ifurriii. (Jaetluock. 



The east end of the Church is of good Early Perpendicular 
wox'k, as is also the tower. The nave and aisles are of inferior 
workmanship, and, judging from the style of the capitals, are of 
earlier date. The register dates from the year 1538, and this is 
one of the few parishes in the Archdeaconry that go back so far 
in date. There are 500 sittings. 



STOKECLIMSIiAND. 263 



The east window is an ornamental 
MONUMENTS, &c. Memorial, and is tilled with rich stained 

glass, the chief figures being the Saviour 
and the Four Evangelists. It is inscribed : 

'■ Sacred to the Memory of Eliztb. Rose, the beloved wife of the 
Honble. and Revd. Wm. H. Spencer, rector of this parish, who departed 
this life in snre and certain hope of a resurrection to eternal life. 25 Mar. 
1851." 

A north chancel window, displaying Angels with scrolls and 
foliage, is inscribed : — 

" This window was set up in memory of Georgiana Mary Call, who died 
May 17th. 1(S;57. l)y her sister. Augusta Hornby." 

There are inscriptions on monuments and floorstones : One to 
Ezekiel Helier, M.A., Rector of this parish, vvlio died May 23rd, 
1()I4, is in Latin. 

" Here lyeth the bodye of Sampson Manaton — 11)57 dye to lyue." Arms 
nf Mdiiatoii. 

■■ Here lyeth the body of Jolui Smyth, Gent., who dyed the 2G day of 
December, Anno Dom. 1()7() ; aged 74." 

" Here lyeth tlie body of Francis Kekewich, gent., the Sonne of lohn 
Kekewich. He was born at Catohfreiich. bai)tized on ii day of June, 1609, 
at St. Germans ; he died and was buried the 'i'.'th day oi April. 1081. " 

■• In memory of Robert Knight, the elder, of Aldren. who died the 17 
day of Augt., iG5('). In memory of lone, the wife of Robert Knight, the 
younger, of Alreii, who dyed the 3 day of Septr., 1().53. 

Impartiall death. Such as by faith 

By Killing thou dost sane Lye slee Ping in their graue." 

■■ In mcinorn of William Clarke, of Whitford, in tlri.i Parish, who dyed 
the 7 dan <>f -^lay, Ano. D'lii 1649. 

Her's rest and peace within my graue, 
Which I in life could neuer haue." 

■■ In memory of John Hawton. of Venteidon in this Parish, who died 
the 1"J day of lune. Ano. D"ni 1()5I. 

In Christ 1 liu'd by Christ I hope. 

In Christ 1 dyde, to be reviu'd." 

The most interesting inscription in the Church is one on a 
slab to the memory of John Bagwill : — 

'■ Here lyelhe the bodd// of the Worshipful ./ohn BuyiriU. Batchelor in 
Divinity. Vicar (f St. Ja/ne.s and Kewbye. Rector of Stoke CHmsla)id, 

Chaplain to His X/aJeHty — Justice of the Peace <('• 4th day nf Maye, Anno 

Domini 1023.'' 



264 VEN>fING's HISTORICAL NOTICES. 

" Master J. Bagwell being niche made his epitaph. 

My byrthe plaice Exeter, my scbolle I Oxforde call. 

My maintenance to live 1 find within Cornwall, 

I not without skill am, which I the preacher shew, 

That thou, O Cornwall ! by these payn's may'st know. 

This earth to me all curst, Heaven is my country too ; 

This life I live is not true life another i pursue. 

Christ to mee come thou, byd thou mee come to thee 

In earth m}^ hope thon art. in Heaven my happiness shalt thou be." 

The deceased is represented on the slab as kneehng. with his 
hands clasped at a lectern, on which is an open Bible; whilst 
behind him is Death as a skeleton, with a scythe about to strike 
a dart at him ; and underneath are the following lines : — 

" I dread not Death nor yet his dart, 
for death itselfe is kjdlde. 
By him that hath in euery part 
the law for me fulfyllde." 

Ar?ns — Pah/, in chief a lion paesant. 

On a marble tablet is inscribed : — 

" To the Memory of Sir John Call, of Whiteford in This County, Bart., 
High Sheriff, 1771, unanimously Elected Member for Callington in 1784, 
179U, and 17% ; F.R.S., F.A.S. ; Died March the 7th, 1801, at his Mansion 
House, Old Burlington Street, was Buried at Lee, in Kent, The 14th ; 
aged 69. 

'■ The good Man's days to Sybils Books compare. 
O ! ^t me die bis death all nature cries — 
, - ^ Then live his Life. — Young. 

Oh most beloved, lamented, and revered. 
In life most honor'd. and by death endear"d ; 
Vain will the Sculptur'd Marble seek to prove 
How great thy merits, and how true our love. 
Vainly, alas ! those heartfelt virtues scan. 
Which graced the Saint, and dignified the Man 
'Tis in the hearts of those thou lov'dst on Earth 
That bleeding memory best records thy worth. 
Tells how through ever}' chequered scene below. 
Of proud prosperity or deepest woe. 

Thy manly step with christian meekness trod 
The ways of Justice, and the ]iaths of God. 
To thyself rigid, yet thy guileless mind, 
A fond excuse for others' faults could find. 
Approving conscience taught thee to sustain 
The loss of sight, — and kiss the rod of pain : 
Till heaven saw how ripe the fruit was grown. 
And having prov'd it, mark'd it for its own. 
Fell'd the rich tree, and bade the chasten'd Soul 
Fly to its God, and reach its well-earned Goal." 

Arms. — Call quartering Mill. 



STOKKCLIMSLAND. 



265 



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DOWMIOUSK UMII'.l) MI/ninDISl I'ltKK CHUKCH. 



This beautiful little editice stands on a piece of 
CHAPELS, ground Ijought from the Hon. and Rev. W. H. 

Spencer, formerly Rector of this parish. It has 
seating accommodation for about 200 persons. It was opened on 
November 19th, 18S5, the ceremony being performed by the 
Rev. J. Swan Withington, of Salisbury. Great credit is due 
to the architect and builder, .Mr. Edward Rendell, for the 
splendid workmansliip displayed throughout the whole building. 
It cost about £700. Previous to the erection of this Chapel, 
Divine worship was conducted in the old building across the 
way, now used as a schoolroom. 

Venterdon Wesley an Chapel was erected in 18G9. The 
late Rev. J. Jackson Wray preached the sermons at the Stone 
Laying ceremony, and the Rev. Richard Rol)erts at the Opening 
Services. A Methodist Society was first formed in the beginning 
of the last Century, when services were held in a cottage — now 
demolished — belonging to Mr. John Spear, then of Kingston. 



266 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 




Photo hij] 



VENTEKDox WEsi.EVAN ciiAi'Ei.. [Hurri>i, (^luetluock. 



It was in 1816 the first Methodist Chapel was erected at Venter- 
don. It is now used as a Sclioolroom, and is near the present 
Chapel. A large Burial Ground is attached, where many have 
been interred. A convenient staljle with coach-house adjoins the 
Schoolroom. An organ was erected in 1899, built by Guest, of 
Exeter. 



The pioneer of Methodism in Luckett was Mr. John Eapson, 
whose name is much revered. Some sixty years ago one room 
of a small cottage was large enough to contain all the Methodists. 
Those few, who were also poor, secured "The Old Chapel" — 
now demolished — which was situated in the village, just below 
where the Board School now stands. 

" Dear old John " was local preacher, class leader, and chapel 
steward, and for many years the backbone of Luckett Methodism. 
After his death the work of both the Church and Sunday School 
was carried on by J. Eastman, T. and J. Henwood, W. Crews- 



STOKECLIMSLAND. 



267 



.&ti'^_ ■ .'vhM^. 




I'hnhi III/] \.ViKV:VV WKSI.KVAN CIIArKI, — F.XTKK 1( HI. ' 1 1 iirrix^ Quetllidclc. 



and H. Skinner, who resided as far away as Holnibush, Down- 
gate and Higherland. Several workers were raised up. Mr. Bat 
Rapson becan)e a worthy successor to his good old father, and 
tilled the office of local preacher, class leader, and chapel 
steward : he was an able preacher, being both quaint and oi'iginal. 
In the early part of his leadership, he was also choirmaster and 
conductor of a stringed orchestra. During his tenure of office 
the Society considerably increased ; he had as co-workers, Messrs. 
W. Rich, T. Gregory, J. Doidge, J. Peake, Rowe, Perry, 
Dunstan, Cornish, kc. 

In 1877 a new Chapel was erected on a commanding position 
near this once thriving village. It stands on half-an-acre of land 
and is an elegant and commodious structure— as appears by our 
illustration — comprising a fine Schoolroom, with vestries and 
other accessories. It is one of the most complete suites of 
Chapel premises in the extensive Callington Circuit, having also 
a large Burial Ground, where several friends of the adherents 
have been interred. The total cost of the premises was over 



268 



VENNING S HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



£700 : a new organ has been erected, and the premises have 
recently been beautified by Mr. H. Parrott, of Callington. 




PllutO h!l"\ LUCKKTT WEi^LEVAX ClI AriCI. — I N TEU I< >i;. \ I lavris. (JfwthiiH-k. 



Constant efforts have been made to reduce the debt on the 
■Chapel. Visits have been paid by such preachers as the Revs. 
Mark Guy Pearse, Peter McKenzie, E. A. Telfer, Giffard Dorey, 
C.W. Leach, and T. H. Horrell. The Publisher acted as Treasurer 
■of the Building Fund during its erection, and also for many years 
afterwards. The debt is now reduced to £100. 

Owing to the changing character of the population — tlie major 
part of which were formerly miners — very many of those who 
.assisted in the erection of this Chapel are either dead or have 
left the neighbourhood. 

Cross Chapel, which is a very plain structure, is situated some- 
where about mid-way between the summit and base of the 
historic Kit Hill. The Foundation Stones were laid November 
30th, 1874, and the Chapel opened on April 22nd, 1875. It cost 
.about £180, and is 20 feet by 30 feet. In 1889 a new School- 



STOKIX'LIMSLAND. 



269 



room was built on the opposite side of the road, the cost of 
which was £184. The Chapel is well attended, and the Society 
is one of the most flourishin,^ in the Calliiigton Bible Christian. 
Circuit. There is a debt of only £30 on tiie Trust. 




Photo by] 



CKiiSS I'.ir.l.K CIIIMsriAN CIIAI'KI.. [ flflfr/x. (J ii/'t/l iock. 



The Manor of Stow or Stoke Ciimsland was a parcel 
MANOR, of the ancient possessions of the Duchy of Cornwall, 

and of copyhold tenure until 1845, wlicn it became 
enfranchised under the " Duchy Assessioiiable Manors' Act." The 
tenants of this manor were not allowed even to send their 
children to School, or to marry their daughters without pei- 
mission from the lord. The bailiff of the manor held a messuage 
with the appurtenances at a barbiage rent of 2s. 6d. at the feast 
of St. Philip and St. James ; lie liad also to do suit to the court 
every three weeks, and when the duke came to Launceston to 
carry as often as the lord of the manor requested a load of wood 
daily to Launceston at his own expense. 

Deerpark, whicli was anciently called Kerribullock Park or 
Cari-Bollock, is also in this parish; and about the year 1329, 
according to records, the Park was replenished with 150 deer. 



270 



venning's historical notices. 



It was dis-parked by King Henry VIII. This estate also belongs 
to the Duchy. 

Whiteford House and property, purchased some years since 
by the Duchy of the representatives of the late Sir William 
Call, Bart., was in the early part of the Seventeenth Century 
the property and residence of the family of Clarke, to one 
of whom there is a monument in the Church. From that 
iamily it came to one of Addis. It afterwards became the pro- 
perty of Mrs. Prouse, on whose decease it passed to one John 
Archer, and was sold by his representatives to Mr. John Call, 
afterwards Sir John Call, Bart. Tliis John Call was highly dis- 
tinguished as an engineer in the Madras Array, and on his return 
with a fortune, he built the mansion at Whiteford. The inscrip- 
tion on his monument we have given above. 

There was once a Park with thickly-wooded grounds surround- 
ing the house at Whiteford, but about 20 years ago most of the 
ornamental trees were cut down, thus spoiling much of its primi- 
tive beauty, only a vestige of which remains. The house was 
said to contain as many windows and doors as there are days in 
the year. It is now going to ruin, having been unoccupied for 
many years. 

About 500 yards from the house may be seen the ruins of a 
•Grecian temple, also built by Sir John Call in 1799. The 
■entrance to this temple consists of three arches, built on finely- 
•cut granite piers, which until recently were in a perfect state. 
■The internal dimensions are 33 feet by 20, with a recess. It was 
here that Sir William Pratt Call, the son of Sir John, used to go 
to celebrate his birthday, and on special occasions to hold balls 
which continued all night. Son)e of the oldest inhabitants can 
remember when they were held, and the pathway from the 
mansion to the temple was then lighted on each side with 
torches. 




ADDENDA AND EKKATA TO HISTORICAL NOTICES. 271 



ADDENDA AND ERRATA TO HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



ADDENDA. 



The Photographs of Frogwell and Downderry Wesleyan 
Chapels were taken by Mr. T. Harris, of Quethiock. The 
omission to acknowledge is regretted, and we are requested to 
state that all the Photographs taken by him and published in 
this book are Copyright. 



ST. DO MINICK.— Monuments. 

In the Wesleyan Chapel there are only two Marble Tablets, 
which are erected in memory of two leading men connected with 
this Church and Sunday School, inscribed as follows : — 

" In lovintf memory of Albert Vosper. Superintendent of this Sunday 
School, who whilst communiii<j; with God in prayer, was translated to 
Paradise, January 4th, UIOl) ; aged 41 years." 

" In loving memory of Edmund Symons. who for 40 years was con- 
nected with this Sunday School and Church. Died at Cotehele Quay, 
November ISth. IS'.)',) ; aged 64 years," 



ST. GERMANS.— Vicars. 

Rev. Allen Furneaux succeeded Rev, Tobias Furneaux, and 
died in 1886, 

1886— Rev. W, A. Fenwick, 1887— Rev, A. L. Palmes. 



LEWANNICK. 

UPTON has been in the occupation of the Vosper family ever 
since the Fourteenth Century, except for the last 30 years. 

The room in the house at Trevadlock, belonging to, and now 
occupied by Mr, Johji Dawe, which was formerly occupied by 
the Methodists, dates from 1622, and is in the Eliz;abethan style. 
A newer part of the house is about 100 years later. 



SALTASH, 

It is believed that this borough was incorporated long before 
Domesday, as tlie House of Lords in the "Oyster" case con- 
sidered that Saltash had corporate existence under the Lords of 
Trematon before Domesday, probably when Brisraar held the 
Castle. 



272 venning's historical notices. 



The Communion Plate of the Church belongs to the Corpora- 
tion and the seats are allotted by the Mayor. 



CORNISH EPITAPHS. 

The following quaint epitaph was copied by a friend of the 

Publisher, and is in St. Buryan Church, which is one of the 

oldest Churches in the County, and bears the remarkable date 

on its porch of 1111. 

'■ Our life is but a winter's daj', 
Some only breakfast and away. 
Others to dinner staj*, and are full fed. 
The oldest only saps and goes to bed ; 
Large is his debt who lingers out the day, 
Who goes the soonest has the least to pay." 

In Tywardreath Church there is the following inscription on a. 

monument to a lady, one of the Rashleigh family : — 

■■ This small piles for a lady plac'd, 
Great, fay re, good, charitable chast : 
Rashleighes owne daughter. — Courteney's wife 
Rare patterne in her death, — in life 
Chiefly for. (wliat makes great ones be 
Most ito be prais'd) humibtie. 
The more she sett her selfe here low. 
The higher her aduancement now. 

Borne, Feb. 4th, 161'J ; Married, Decem. -iTth, 1638 ; Died, Novem. 18th, 
1659." Arms. — Courteney impaling Rashleigh. 



=^\= 



ERRATA. 

LANDRAKE.— Monuments. 

By an oversight tlie Monument in tiie Church to Daniel 
Truscott is printed in duplicate on pages 131-2 and 134. 



LI NKINHORNE.— Charities. 

Page 192. Amount of Knill's Charity should read £6 10s. 



LINES BY GARRICK ON MOUNT EDGCUMBE. 

This mount all the mounts of Great Britain surpasses, 
'Tis the haunt of the Muses, — the Mount of Parnassus ; 
Fame lies ; — 'tis not Stratford. — this, this is the spot 
Wliere Genius on Nature our Shakspeare begot ; 
This only the birth-place of Shakspeare could be. 
Whose wonders can e'en mak"e a poet of me."' 



kEviEw OF THE nineTeeMth cenTury. 273 



A brief Review of the Nineteenth Century. 



BY THE EDITOR. 1801-1901. 




HE Nineteenth Century has been aptly caUed 
" The Wonderful Century," and in the epi- 
tome about to be given in the few pages at 
my disposal it will "not be possible to indicate more 
than a very small portion of its wonders. 

ROYALTY. 

When the Century began George the Third 
GEOR(iE III. was on the throne, having reigned over forty 

years. He was greatly beloved by the people, 
and his delight in rural life won him the title of " Farmer George." 
The King married the Princess Charlotte Sophia, second daughter 
of the Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Fifteen children were the 
result of a happy marriage: nine sons and six daughters ; George 
and William reigned as Kings of England, and Ernest as King 
of Hanover; Mary, Duchess of Gloucester, the last of the family, 
lived until April 30th, 1857, aged 81. Queen Charlotte died at 
Kew, November 17th, 1818, in the seventy-fifth year of her age. 
The King, who had been affiicfted since 1810, died on Januar)'' 
29th, 1820, in the eighty-second year of his age and the sixtieth 
year of his reign. On the first day of the last century Pitt's Bill 
for the Legislative Union of Great Britain and Ireland came 
into force. The stamp and title of the Imperial Crown were then 
changed. 

George the Fourth, born August 12th, 1762, 
GEORGE IV. was made Regent in 181 1, and ascended the 

throne January 29th, 1820, in his fifty-eighth 
year. He w^as not by any means a learned man, but he gave 
much encouragement to the Arts and Sciences. His personal 
interest in Agriculture was the origin of our present Agricultural 
Societies. He was a diligent reader, and his magnificent Library 
at Buckingham Palace — now the King's Library in the British 
Museum — consisted of sixty-three thousand volumes, and cost, it 
is said ^130,000. The King, who was described as profligate 
and selfish, died in 1830, in the sixty-eighth year of his age, and 
the eleventh year of his reign. His only child Princess Charlotte 
died in 1817. 



274 venning's historical notices. 



William the Fourth, next surviving brother of 
WILLIAM IV. the late King, was often called the " Sailor 
King," because he served in the Navy in his 
early years. He ascended the throne in his sixty-fifth year at an 
important crisis. Greville says : " He was so excited by his 
exaltation, that he nearly went mad, and distinguished himself by 
a thousand eccentricities of language and conduct, though he 
afterwards sobered down." He was very popular with the poorer 
classes. On June 2cth, 1837, after several months illness, he 
passed away. " Thus expired, in the seventy-third year of his 
age, in firm reliance on the merits of his T?edeemer, King William 
IV.; aju^tand upright -monarch, a fcr-iving enemy, a sincere 
friend, ana an intelligent master." 

Princess Alexandria Victoria, only child of 

QUEEN Edward Duke of Kent (fourth son of George 

VICTORIA, ni.) and niece of William IV. ascended the 

throne in her eighteenth }^ear. The Coronation 

of the Queen in Westminster Abbey was a splendid funcSfion. 

It took place on June'28th, 1838. A new Crown, less than half 

the weight of the old Crown was made, containing 2,166 precious 

stones of all sizes which were worth nearly ;^i 13,000. 

The marriage of the Queen and Prince Albert of Saxe- 
Coburg-Gotha was celebrated at the Chapel Royal, St. James's, 
on February loth, 1840. It was a marriage truly made in heaven, 
and the issue have been five daughters and four sons. Prince 
Albert, the beloved Consort of the Oueen, died after a brief 
illness on December 14th, 1861, only forty-one years of age. 
That was a sad day. 

For the restoration of the Prince of Wales from a severe 
illness a solemn Thanksgiving Service was^ held in St. Paul's 
Cathedral, on February 27th, 1872. The Queen's new title of 
Indice Imperatrix, or Empress of India, was proclaimed on May 
1st, 1876. Princess Alice, "a special favourite in this country" 
succumbed to diptheria on Dec. 14th, 1878. John Brown, who 
for nineteen years was in close personal attendance on the Queen, 
died in March, 1883. Official celebration of the Queen's Jubilee, 
June 2ist, 1887. She entered upon the fiftieth year of her reign 
on the 20th of June, 1S86. Influenza Epidemic in the early part 
of 1892, caused the death of the Duke of Clarence who was on 
the ev^e of marriage with Princess "May" of Teck. Intense 
and widespread sympathy was shown. The celebration of the 
Diamond Jubilee— the Queen's sixty years' Reign — took place in 
1897. The death of Princess Mary Adelaide, Duchess of Teck, 



REVIEW OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. 275 

closed the year sadly in the Royal household. On July 30th, 
1900, the Duke of Edinburgh, "Our Sailor Prince" succumbed 
to syncope. 

A Nation's anxiety was aroused on Friday, January i8th, 
igoi, by an announcement in the Gazette concerning the nervous 
condition of the Queen. Unfavourable news intensified the 
anxiety, and on Tuesday, January 22nd, igoi, at 6-30 p.m., our 
beloved Queen passed peacefully away, surrounded b}^ her child- 
ren and grandchildren, having reigned sixty- three years and 
seven months. " The Supreme Woman of the World" to quote 
the words of Sir Edwin Arnold, " best of the highest, greatest of 
the good is gone. The Sovereign most purely beneficent and 
beloved who ever held our Sceptre or occupied a throne, is now 
gathered to all the greatness and glory of the mighty and irrevoc- 
able past, but her influence will live on for ever and for ever in 
the undying pages of our History." 

" A thousand claims to reverence closed 
In her as Mother, Wife, and Queen." 



SOCIAL STATE. 

The Century opened with scarcity of food, 
GENERAL. heavy taxations and great poverty : through 

the influence of the Anti-Corn Law League, 
the Reform movement, the Agricultural Labourers' League, and 
a more humane Poor-Law System, these burdens have been won- 
derfully relieved. Forms of crime and modes of punishment have 
been considerably altered. Capital punishment has been freed 
from paltry accusations, and public executions luive been abolish- 
ed. The Pillory was abolished in 1837; public whipping and the 
Stocks are things of the past. In the Army and Navy cruel 
discipline is no longer tolerated ; there has been a marvellous re- 
formation both in the buildings and the associations of Prison 
life, and the number of Prisons has been reduced to about one- 
half. Bull-baiting received its death blow in 1835 ; Cock Fighting 
was prohibited by Adl: of Parliament in August, 1849. Drunken- 
ness, swearing and gambling (the last State lottery was drawn in 
England on 0(5tober i8th, 1826,) have lost royal and court 
prestige. The Century has witnessed the creation of three 
Consciences : the Industrial, the Social, cuid the Nonconformist ; 
these aff"e6t trades, conditions of life, and character linked to 
religious freedom. 



276 venning's historical notices. 

The terrible cruelties of the Facftory System 
TRADES. h;tve been redressed ; women and children have 

been delivered from " legalized slavery." The 
brutal iniquity of " climbing boys " employed as chimney 
sweepers has been suppressed. TheChildrens' Employment Com- 
mission, appointed in 1840, gave a heart rending Report of the 
cruel slavery in Mines and Collieries, to which women and child- 
ren — boys and girls — ^were subjecfced, and on March ist, 1843, a 
Bill was passed to put an end to such iniquities. The Printing 
Works' A(5t came into force, January ist, 1846, and swept away 
the miserable abuses in connection with calico-printing and other 
similar trades. The Acts of 1863 — 1864 imposed sundry regu- 
lations upon bake-houses, earthenware, lucifer matches, percussion 
caps, cartridges, paper-making and fustian-cutting. Subsequent 
Factory and Workshop Acts, framed in keeping with the Public 
Health Act, 1875, ^"d Acfts associated therewith, have materially 
modified industrial operations. Some credit must be g'iven to 
Trades-Unions, Friendly or Benefit Societies, and Socialists. 
Lord Shaftesbury's labours on behalf of the poor and oppressed 
in general and the children in particular have borne much fruit. 

The most salient feature of the Nineteenth 
HUMANITARIAN. Century is that of its Humanity. Mr. 

Benjamin Kidd in his " Social Evolution" 
points out that it " has its roots in a single cause, namely, the 
development of the humanitarian feelings, and the deepening and 
softening of character that has taken place amongst the Western 
peoples." The greatest achievement has been the abolition of 
Slavery. Democracy in its growth has meant the abohtion of all 
privileged classes, and "an equality of opportunity" for every 
one. A higher conception of life is the outcome of struggle. The 
impetus given to Vegetarianism is lagely owing to revulsion of 
feeling at the thought of cruelty when animals are slaughtered. 
The influence of Christian Socialism has been felt upon the 
Sweating System and other forms of oppression whereby the 
helpless poor have been made to suffer. The Society for the 
Prevention of Cruelty to Children and that for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Animals give evidence of increased tenderness ; while 
the operations of the Selborne Society and the Humanitarian 
League, which exist negatively to suppress all kinds of cruelty 
both to man and the products of nature, are very significant of 
the humane spirit. There is a halo of comfort, sympathy, and 
relief around our Hospitals ; dreaded operations are now perform- 
ed by skilful Surgeons with safety and without pain by the aid of 
modern anaesthetics. The Anti- Vivisection Movement has tended 



REVIEW OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. 877 

to limit the number and restrain the performances of vivisection. 
Woman at last, lias, evolved from her subjecftion and assumed 
her natural rights ; in fact, she has become an uncomfortable 
rival with man in the various domains of knowledge and action. 
The revelations of War indicate an intense longing among the 
Nations for a permanent National Court of Arbitration. Pauper- 
ism and War are doomed to fall before the onward march of an 
intelligent and Christian Humanity. 

SCIENCE. 

Wonderful additions have been made to both Natural and 
Applied Science. Every branch of science — physics, chemistry, 
astronomy, geology and biology, — has been laid under contribution. 
Two instruments — the Telescope and the Microscope — have 
played a magic part in discoveries. 

In Natural Science there are at least twelve 
NATURAL discoveries. The Conservation of Energy. The 
SCIENCE. Molecular theory of gases. The mode of 
direct measurement of the Velocity of Light, 
and the experimental proof of the Earth's Rotation. The 
discovery of the funcflion of Dust in nature. The theory of 
definite and multiple proportions in Chemistr3^ The nature of 
Meteors and Comets, leading to the Meteoritic theory of the 
Universe. The proof of the Glacial Epoch, its vast extent, and 
effe(5ts upon the earth's surface. The proof of the great Antiquity 
of Man. The establishment of the theory of Organic Evolution. 
The Cell theory and the Recapitulation theory in Embryology. 
The Germ theory of the Z5'motic (or InfecStious) diseases. The 
discovery of the nature and fun(ftion of the White Blood- 
corpuscles. Chemical elements have been increased by fifty-seven, 
making a total of eighty. 

The inventions and pracftical applications of 
APPLIED science, which arc perfectly new departures, have 
SCIENCE, greatl}^ affecfted many of our habits. There are 
at least thirteen, whose rapid development are 
the wonder of the Century. Railways, which have revolutionized 
land-travel and the distribution of commodities. Steam-navi- 
gation which has done the same thing for ocean travt:l, and has 
besides led to the entire reconstrud^tion of the Navies of the 
World. Electric Telegraphs, including Wireless Telegraphy 
and the Telautograph, which have produced an even greater 
revolution in the communication of thought. The Telephone, 
which transmits, or rather reproduces, the voice of the speaker 
at a distance. Fridtion Matches, which have revolutionized the 



278 venning's historical notices. 



modes of obtaining Fire. Gas-lighting, which enormously 
improved out-door and other illuminations. Ele(51:ric-lighting, 
another advance, now threatening to supercede gas. Photo- 
graphy, including colour photography, and the Cinematograph — 
an art which is to the external forms of nature what printing 
is to thought. The Phonograph, which preserves and re- 
produces sounds as photography preserves and reproduces forms. 
The Rontgen Rays, which render many opaque objedlis trans- 
parent, and open up a new world to Photography. Speclrum 
analysis, which so greatly extends our knowledge of the universe, 
that by its assistance we are able to ascertain the relative heat 
and chemical constitution of the stars, and also ascertain the exist- 
ence, and measure the rate of motion, of stellar bodies which are 
entirely invisible. The use of Anaesthetics, rendering the most 
severe Surgical operations painless. The use of Antiseptics in 
Surgical operations, which has still further extended the means 
of saving life. And, in general, we might mention the bicycle, 
the Eledtric Car &c., the Motor Car, the fountain pen and type- 
writer^ the mowing machine, the harvester, the Hoe cylinder 
press, lithography, the cotton and woollen fadlory, nitro-glycerine, 
the incandescent and the arc lights, the dynamo, automatic 
Maxims, the steam fire-engine, chloroform, ether, and cocaine, 
the liquefac51:ion of all the known gases, the safety lamp for Mines, 
Acetylene gas and the Kineto-Phonograph, which presents to the 
eye and the ear simultaneously the sounds and sights of passing 
events. Engineering skill has been shown in bridges, tunnels, 
and canals. Brunei's Saltash Bridge, Hawkshaw's Severn 
tunnel (7,940 yards), Brunei's Thames Tunnel of 1825-43, and the 
Manchester Ship Canal — 35^ miles long, and cost /"i 5, 500, 000 — 
may be taken as samples. 

RELIGIOUS. 

Several Acfts of Parliament were passed in the 
EVANGELICAL, early years of the Century relating to the 

purity of the English Clergy. There was 
great insufficiency of Church accommodation. Between iSoi- 
183 1 five hundred Churches were built at an expense of three 
millions of money. That acftivity was largely due to the enthusi- 
astic adlion of the "Evangelical Party." They also put forth the 
first efforts to break down the barriers existing between the 
various bodies of Christians. Lay preaching amongst the follow- 
ers of John Wesley spread among all the other bodies. The 
" Clapham Sect " was supposed to be the head and front of the 
Evangelical Movement from 1800 — 1815. Wilberforce was the 
leader. The Sunday School Union was formed in 1803. The 



REVIEW OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. 279 



British and Foreign Bible Society, which sprung out of the Tracfl 
Societ}-. was organized in 1804. These three great movements 
were great causes whose effecfls have been seen in the Century. 
In 1830, the Church of England was on the verge of two great 
revohitions, both having their origin in Oxford: the one repre- 
sented the Broad Church party ; the other the Higli Church 
party as seen in its various phases of Tractarianism, Puseyism, 
and Ritualism. 

The latter began in July 1833, when the 
RITUALISM. Rev. John Keble preached an Assize sermon. 
" Tracts for the Times" were issued until 1841, 
John Henry Newman, Keble, Pusey, Hurrell Froude, Isaac 
Williams, and William Pahner were the principal writers. 
Secessions to Rome began in 1841, and have not ceased. The 
most numerous were in 1845 when Newman went over. Ritual- 
ism, about which we hear so much to-day, is distinctly a product 
of the Oxford Movement. Many I^egal proceedings have arisen 
from the conflidts within the Anglican Church, between High, 
Low, and Broad Churchmen, and at present the exact position 
is very indefinitel}'^ defined. Walsh's " Secret History of the 
Oxford Movement '' is a startling disclosure of the principles, 
and pradtices of Ritualism, which is regarded as a Romeward 
Movement. 

Nonconformists in the early part of the 
NONCONFORMITY. Century had to struggle -against hostility 

and persecutions of which we know 
nothing. Until the year 1812, for their own protection, they had 
to take certain oaths under the Toleration Act. The Test and 
Corporation Acts were repealed in 1828; and the Dissenters' 
Marriages Act and the Registration of Births' *Act came into 
operation in 1837. The Act providing for the Registration of 
Births, Deaths, and Marriages relieved Nonconformists from 
another injustice. The Liberation Society, formed in 1844, gave 
a great impetus to the cause of religious liberty. The Universities 
of Oxford and Cambridge were thrown open in the fifties. The 
Endowed Schools Act in i860 removed restrictions of Endowed 
Grammar Schools. The abolition of Church Rates, and the Ac1:s 
relating to Marriages (the latest Nonconformist Marriage Act 
1898, does away with the attendance of the Registrar) and Burials 
(1852, 1879, 1880, et seq.) have considerably eased the burden. 
The battle of the Schools has been waged since 1807, and the 
present situation is far from satisfactory to Nonconformists. 

From the Wesle3'an Methodist body, there liave sprung the 
Methodist New Connexion, the Primitive Methodists, the Bible 



280 venning's historical notices. 

Christians, the Independent Methodists, and the United Method- 
ist Free Churches; they regard themselves as members of one 
family. In 1891 the Wesieyan Conference adopted the term 
" The Wesieyan Methodist Church," and came into line with the 
claims of the Independents and the Baptists. Nonconformity, in- 
cluding the Salvation Army, has been a mighty force in our 
Nation in social, political, educational, religious and other matters. 
The Federation of the Evangelical Free Churches, originated in 
i8go, gives Nonconformity an unprecedented power, dignity, and 
influence. 

POPULATION. 

The population of the United Kingdom was 

POPULATION 16,345,646 when the Nineteenth Century began, 

OF EMPIRE at its close it was 40,921,371. The rest of the 

British Empire was in 1800, 2,500,000 ; in 1900, 

4,546,752. If we include Egypt, the Soudan, the Orange and 

Transvaal States, the British Empire comprised at the end of the 

Century an area of 13,000,000 miles, and a population of about 

440,000,000. The population of the World amounts to seventeen 

or eighteen hundred millions. 

SOME OF THE GREATEST MEN. 

The following is a list of names of persons con- 
NOTABLES. sidered to be the three greatest men in each de- 
partment of public life during the last Century :-- 

Soldiers. — Napoleon I., Von Moltke, and Wellington. 

Statesmen — W. E. Gladstone, Prince Bismark, & Sir Robert Peel. 

Patriots. — Garabaldi, Kossuth, and Daniel O'Connell. 

Scientists.— C. Darwin, Faraday, and Huxley. 

Preachers. — C. H. Spurgeon, H. W. Beecher, and F. W. 
Robertson. 

Orators. — John Bright, Daniel Webster, and Morley Punshon. 

Writers. — Thomas Carlyle, Victor Hugo, and John Ruskin. 

Poets. — Tennyson, Browning, and Whittier. 

Anarchy, Art, Bacfteriology, Hygiene, Medicine 

THE END. (including Allopathy and Homoeopathy), Mental 

Science, Music, Poetry, Philosophy, Temperance, 

Theology, Wars, and other subjects are crowded out for want of 

space. 

" As the double-stars, though sundered far, 
Seem to the naked e3'e a single star. 
So facts of History, at a distance seen 
Into one common point of light convene." 



ADVERTISERS. 



INDEX OF ADVERTISERS. 



^^8^- 



Accidental Insurance Co. Page 
London ... ... 4 

Annear, F., Plymouth ... 172 
Brown, E., Callington 16 

Bowen, & Co., Plymouth 30 
Buzza, Callington ... 30 

Ball, S. C, Saltash ... 32 
Bond, S., Callington ... 105 
Brendon Bros. do. io6-g 

Barrett, J. do. ... no 

Bennett, W. do, ... 113 
W. Brown, Callington 178-9 
Budge, & Co. do. ... 120 

Buckingham, E. do. ... 121 

Buckingham, J. North-hill 134-5 
Buckingham, R. J.,Calln. 136 
Balkwill & Co., Plymouth 156 
Capital & Counties Bank, 

Liskeard ... ■ 

Coombes, J., Devonport 
Cornish Times, Liskeard 
Chubb, J., Callington ... 
Ching, L.,-Launceston 
Doidge & Co., Plymouth 



Dingle E. & Co. do. 



2 

15 

31 
136 

165 

3 

5 

H 
18 



Dingle, J. H., Kelly Bray 
Drown, j. S., Pillaton ... 
Dymond, Callington .. 20-21 
Dunstan, Callington ... 112 
Dingle, Stokeclimsand 114-117 
Dawe, J., Callington ii8-g 

Frith, Ltd. Reigate 154 

Guest, Exeter ... 12 

Grose, J. M., Plymouth 19 

Grenfell, T., Calstock .. 23 
Genoni Bros., Plymouth 113 
Harris & Sons. Tavistock 6-7 
Harris, R., Bathpool 122-3 

Hawke, St. Germans 132 

Hayman, Launceston 158 

Hawke & Son, Saltash 158 

Huggms, J., Callington 26 



Hancock, J. P, Callington 120 
Jane, W. & E., do. ... 14 
Jago, R. H., do. ... 121 
Knight, J., Old Mill ... 16 
Kittow, J., Launceston 23 
Kelly, J B., Landrake 24 
Lawry, H. Ltd., Plymouth i 
Langsford, Cotehele... iii 
Langman, J., Altarnun 130 
Mutton, W., Callington 8 
Matthews, Plymouth ... g 
Medland, Kit Hill Castle 28 
May & Son, Liskeard 176 
Netherton, Truro ... 4 
Netting, St, Mellion ... 32 
Nanscawen, St. Mellion in 
Oliver, R., Polbathic ... 17 
Paul, Calstock 4-8-32-111-113 
Popham, Radford, Plyth. lo-ii 
Pendrey, Gunnislake ... 30 
Pratt, Saltash ... 32 
Pomroy, W., Callington 120 
Pooley, Saltash ... 126 
Pomroy, J. Callington 130 
Prust, Launceston ... ,132 
Poad, C, Callington ... 172 
Parkhouse, Plymouth ... § 30 
Pearce, Callington ... ^120 
Railway Passengers Assur- 
ance Co., London ... 8 
Rickard, Bros., Callington 24 
Rickard, Chas. ,, ... 27 
Roseveare, R. ,, ... 165 
Rickard, Cornelius ... 172 
Richards, J. ,, ... 13 
Rogers, W. P. „ . i n 
Rabbage, St. Dominick 132 
Shovel, A., Callington 8 
Smith, A.. Whiteford ... 16 
Symons, E., Cotehele ... 24 
Sweet & Sons, Plymouth 25 
Samble ic Buckingham, Call. 27 



II 



venning's postal directory. 



INDEX Continued. 



Spear & Son, Callington 29 

Skewes, E., do 121 

Stumbles, Stokeclimsland 128 

Smith, VV. T. Gunnislake 130 

Shenale, B. D., do. 130 

Squires, F. W., Saltash 136 

Spear, J., Cargreen 156 

Treweek, G., Callington 27 



Townsend, E. Gunnislake 121 

Treais, W., Callington 165 
Venning, J., do 142-152-176 

Woods & Sons, Plymouth 22 

Wearing, A., Callington 27 

Walkey K. & M., do. 121 

Whitford, Gunnislake 130 



HISTORIC ROLL OF SUBSCRIBERS 

for Venning's New Century Directory and Historical Notices of 

East Cornwall, 1901. 



Archer, C. G., Esq., Trelaske 

Andrew, Mrs., Quethiock 

Adams, F., Callington 

Allen. Mrs., Kit Hill 

Abbott, Mrs., Callington 

Allen, Rev G. Lupton, Launceston 

Adams, F., Manchester 

Andrew Mr, Tilland, Quethiock 

Annear F, Plymouth 

Angwin Miss J, Callington 

Bennett, W., Callington 

Budge, K., Compton Place, Callington 

Broom, Edith, Ireland 

Balkwill & Co., Plymouth 

Blight, S. A., Callington 

Buller, E., TreovisTown 

Bridgmau, S., St. Dominick 

Bennett, T. Campbell, Gunnislake 

Bolt, W., Gunnislake 

Body, T , Woodcock well 

Bond, E., Middlehill 

Bennett, H., Redmoor 

Banbury, R., St. (iermans 

Bridgman, Mrs., Kingston 

Barkel, A. M., Callington 

Buckingham, Jabez, North-hill 

do. Nathan ,, 

do. Edgar 

do. Ed red 

do. Otho John 

Box Mrs, Axford 
Brawn W., Rezare 
Best J, Cai green 
Bennett Sc Palmer, Saltash 
Barrett C, Bank of England Place, 

Plymouth 
Buckingham K. J., Callington 



Brendon Bros., Callington 

Budge W. do 

Blake W., Wooda 

Body M A., Callington 

Bennett R., Mount Pleasant 

Bennett Henry, Spain 

Bennett K, Liskeard 

Baker N, Todsworthy 

Berry Lily, Teignmouth 

Barrett E., Carpreen 

Blight J. P., CalHngton 

Behenna Rev. F. J., Landrake 

Bennett, W., Callingtoa 

Batt Rev. B. A. A., Gunnislake 

Bosanquet Rev. C.C. C, Linkinhorne 

Barkel P.. Saltash 

Bennett W. J, Downgate 

Bath,]., Trenilk 

Berriman, Arthur, Callington 

Baker, Mrs, Stoke-ter., Devonport 

Barrett, Elizabeth. Callington 

Brown, C E. E., Callington 

Bartlett, F., Plushabridge 

Batten, M , Callington 

Blake, R.. Einkinhorne 

Bawden, Thomas, Plymouth 

Brown, Eliza, Callington 

Brown, W. 

Bolt Wm., Kit Hill 

Bennett J, Redmoor 

Bowhay L. L, Albaston House 

Balsam E. E, Stockaton, St. Mellion 

Barnet Elizabeth, Callington 

Bray John, Trematon 

Barrett John, Callington 

do E. H, 

do Wesley ,, 

do J. M, 



HISTORIC ROLL 



III 



HISTORIC ROLL — Continued. 

Dalley Mrs, St. Mellion 

Davve A., Well-street, Callington 

do. M, 
Doidse E., Broadgate 
Din^'le J , Kelly ISray 
Daniel W.. Ri'llaton 
Davis O. f. H., riymouth 
Damerel E., Coombe Works 
Dingle J, Kel'.y Hole 
Dennis VV, Landreyne 
Ea\is Orlando, Plymouth 
Dawe Herbert, Callinoton 
Dawe |. F, Clam pit, Metherell 
Deacon J, >Jross, Landulph 
Dingle Lizzie, Mugtord 
Dawe H, Martin-square, Callington 



Buller John, St. Stephens, Saltash 

Blake Mrs, Netherton 

Barrett M, Martin-square, Callington 

Ball S, Saltash 

Barrett P. S. Bank of England Place, 

Plymouth 
Brown, Wills & Nicholson, I'lymouth 



Courtney R. 
Coath R. P. 
Chowens E. 



Goad W. H., Halwell 
Crawshaw Rev. J. E., Liskeard 
Coumbe. E. D., Mornick 
Cocks Kev. J. C Coad's Green 
Gasely Rev. Tubal, Callington 
Coad H., Trewassick 

do. Nicholas jun.. Trewassick 

do. T, 

A., Liskeard 
Drakewalls 
Alren 
Cole M. G., Totnes 
Colwill W. H., Venterdon 
Capital & Counties Bank, Limited, 

Liskeard 
Chapman J, Liskeard 

do. j., Upton Cross 
Crabb Wm., Landulph 
Chynoweth, Mrs., St. Ann s Chape 
Coryton, Mrs., Pentillie Castle 
Cloke E. H. Pillaton 
Ching Capt. L., Launceston 
Gausley J., Callington 
Collier A. B, Carthamartha 
Coulter W, Cotehele, St. Mellion 
Chapman Hart, Measham 
Co.K W, Halton Farm 

Dawe J., Newport, Callington 
Dingle E. & Co,, Plymouth 
Doney W., 64A, Fore-st., Saltash 
Dingle J. H., Kelly Bray 
Dymond \V. W., Callington 
Dingle R. & Son, Venterdon 
Dunstan E. A. & E., Callington 
Davis Dr. H. do. 

Davis Dr. H., Jun , do. 

Doney F. do. 

Drown f. S., Pillaton 
Dunstan John. St. IMellion 
Davey E., Pen warden 
Datson Rev. J., Callington 
Doidge & Co., Plymouth 
Dingle \V., Callington 

do. W., Hampt 
Doney J. C, Rezare 
Drew W H., Pensilva 



Callington 



Easterbrook Mark, Halifax 
do Grace, Reason 

Edgcumbe Richard, Sandplace 
Edgcumbe. Lady E., Cotehele 
Edwards W. C. Rilla Mill 
Emmens George, Callington 
Easterbrook Jos., Keason 
Edwards W. J, St. Cleer 
Eva T, Harrowbarrow 

Frost Mrs. T, Well-street, Plymouth 

Finnamore — Venterdon 

Fo.\ Charles, 

Fox Ed. Blarney 

Furze B, Pencrebar, Callington 

Fuge Mrs., Lanoy 

Fowell D., Pillaton 

Goodman W, East Penrest 

Gerry F., Pempwell 

(irenfell T, Calstock 

Grose J. M., Plymouth 

(luest J. C, 199 High-street, Exeter 

Grose J H., Appledore 

Gregory W. A. K, Saltash 

Gartrell Thomas, Rezare 

ciarland G. P, Linkiiihorne 

Goodman W. S, Callington 

do F., Cockington 
Gea'<e Mrs., Downgate 
Grenfell T., Jun, Calstock 
Goldsworthy W. H, Linkinhorne 
Greenfield T. W, Tavistock 
Goodman W. T, Monk's Corner 
Gerry G. H. G. Pempwell 
Gilbert Wm.. Rezare 
Gregory W, Gunnislake 



IV 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



HISTORIC ROLL— Continued. 



Hawke G, Callington 
Havvke Miss, Tideford 
Hawke G. W, St. Germans 

do J. B, George-street, Plymouth 
Hearn J. P, Coxpark 
Holman Rev. C, Tavistock 
Hancock J. P, Callington 
HugginsJ., 
Harpur A.. ,, 

Herring C, St. Mellion 
Hobbs E, Burraton 
Hoskin G, Gunnislake 
Heard S. W, Coombshead 
Horrell Thomas, St. Ive 
Haddy F, Callington 
Hawke Mrs., Fore-st. Saltash 
Hill Martha, St. Ann's Chapel 
Hicks W, South-hill 
Hawker G, Glenbury, Thorn Park 

Road, Plymouth 
Hoskin Samuel, Pillaton 
Hobbs Miss, Rilla Mill 
Harpur C, Polkerris, Par Station 
Hawken W. G, Killa Mill 
Howard E. A, Reason, St Mellion 
Hooper Mrs, Hollow Greep, Calstock 
Hart E. K, Callington 
Hawk W, Kernock, St. Mellion 
Howard G. H, Saltash 
Hooper G, Albaston 
Harris Mrs., Ann, Eilla Mill 
Harris E. Miss 
Harris R, I'lorth-hill 
Honey Mrs., Valentine Row, Calln. 
Holman Elizabeth, Stockaton 
Hambly M. L, Westcott, Callington 

Ivey & Ledington, Plymouth 
Isbell W. Harrowbarrow 

Johns W, Cross, Stokeclimsland 
Jewell C. W, Liskeard 
Johns Ellen, Addicroft 
Jane W, Callington 

do E, ,, 

do G. B, ,, 

do E. E. ,, 
Jones W, Alston 
Jeffery John, Callington 
Jenkin J, Tavistock-rd, Callington 
Jago R. H, West-end, do. 

Jane Mrs, St. Mellion 
Jacketts M, CaUington 
Jewers E. E, Plymouth 
JoU Wm, Saltash 



Jennings W, H, J. P., Plymouth 
Jago J. C, Liskeard-road, Callington 
Jasper J, Callington 

do J. Jun, 
Jasper S. A, Polhilsa 
Johns F. R, Downgate 
Joll J. H; 54, Fore-st. Saltash 
Kinsman Lionel, Trewoodloe 

do. Elsie 
KittowJ, Launceston 

,, J. Browda 

., Mrs., 
Keast R. A, Pencrebar 
Kelly J . B, Landrake 
Kingsale Lord, Stoketon, Saltash 
Knight .J. Old Mill 
do B. E, ,, 
do G, 
do E. B, ,, 
Kohler A, 2 Mariton-buldgs, Weston- 

Super-Mare 
Kitt — Golberdon 
do R, Trematon 
Kempthorne J. J. W, 45 Cambridge 

:Viansions 
Kitto Mrs. G, Devonport 
Knotwell C, Callington 
King G. A, 66 Cannon-st, London 
Lyne Edmund, Kingston 
Leverton R, Gunnislake 
Langman B, Altarnun 
Le Gros Rev. A. J. T, Liskeard 
Lucas F. M, Redmoor 
Lawry H, loi Old Town-st Plymouth 
Lucas S., Tavistock-road, Callington 
Lang Julia, Cross 
Landry Mrs,, Hingston 
Langford C, Cotehele Mills 
Lane Jane, 

Langdon J. M, Fore-st. Callington 
Landry Mrs., Choi well 
Langsford, Cotehele 

M, Cotehele 
Landry Jane, Haye-road, CaUington 
Lucas Mrs., Rilla Mill 
Martin S, Cleveland, Ohio 

,, R, Polhilsa 

,, R, Newton Ferrers 
May W, Liskeard 
Martin Mary, Callington 

,, Robert do. 
Pollie do. 

,, John do. 

,, Annie do. 



HISTORIC ROLL. 



V 



HISTORIC ROLL—Centinued. 



Maunder M, A, St. Ann's Chapel 
Mutton E, Five Lanes 

Theo., Stokeclimsland 
Moorman W. Harestone, Salt ash 
Macinley Alaba, St. Louis. U. S. 
Matthews H, Plymouth 
Mutton T, Parkfield. St. Ive 
Mitchell J, Toronto, Canada 

,, W, H, Independence California 
Moss Eobert, Rezare 
Malan Rev. A. H, Altarnun 
Manley Eev. R. H, Stokeclimsland 
Moon & Sons, Plymouth 
Mitchell Marv, Stokeclimsland 
Mitchell F, South-hill 
Martin T, St. Dominick 
Mutton J, St Ive 
Martin Thomas, Calline;ton 
Mitchell James, Stokeclimsland 
Matthews H, ii Bedford-st. Plymouth 
Micklevvood E, Kinterbury-st. do. 
Mutton W. Callington 
Mitchell M, Stoke 
Matthews H, Winslade 
Miller & Co, 39 Fore-street, Saltash 
Micklewood K. H, Plymouth 
Mason K, George-place, Callington 
J[ilner J. M. Rev, Callington 
Martin J, Albaston 
Marsack E. L, Esq., Haye 
Maynard Mr. & Mrs, Tavistock-road 
Martin \V, Cleveland, Ohio 
Martin G, Ashton 
Martin C, Alren 
Martin W. H, Gunnislake 
Mussey J, Plymouth 
Murch W. A, Newport, Callington 

Neal B. Miss London 
Norman P, Callington 
Netting C, St. Mellion 
Nicolls S, Penhale, St- Cleer 
Nosworthy M. A, Callington 
Nanscawen W, St. ]\Iellion 
Nickell W, Launceston 
Nicolls E, Mornick 
Neale W, Rezare 
Nanscawen E, St, Mellion 
Nosworthy J, Callington 
Netting J, Tip well 

Oliver R, St. Germans 
Oates L, Callington 
Osborne C, Kelly Bray 
Pendrey W, C, Gunnislake 



Paul F. J, Calstock 

Pooley J. H, 104, Fore-st. Saltash 

Popham, Radford & Co., Plymouth 

Pratt C. A, Saltash 

Porter P. E, B, Saltash 

Pole W. H, Devonport 

Parken Mrs., Havrowbarrow Mills 

Penney I, Luckett Hill 

Pomroy R, Callington 

E, C, Little Bearland Calln. 
Perry Miss J, Lodge, Deer Park 
Pascoe W, Downgate 
Pote W. H, 47 Fore-st. Devonport 
Pomroy J, Redmoor 
Pike C. L, Callington 
Parkhouse & Sons, 18 Bedford-st. 

Plymouth 
Pratt C. D, 38 Fore-st, Saltash 
Perry T, Deer Park 
Parsons D, Callington 
Percy W. H, Alson 
Pearce Mrs., Baker, Callington 
Pomroy J, Callington 
Philp M, Downhouse 
Pearce W, Callington 
Palmer Jessie, Rezare 
Pearce James, Callington 
Peters J, Stokeclimsland 
Parsons G, Callington 
Pearce R, Rillaton 
Pomroy A L. Miss, London 
Pomroy T, Callington 
Pearce Mrs. St. MeUion 
Percy James, Goosewell 
Parker Mrs., Amy tree 
Pearce J. B, Oak Meadow 
Poad P, fiordan-terrace, Callington 

do E. J, The Gore, London, Canada 
Perrem, G, Liskeard-road, Callington 

Reep L, Glebe Cott. St, Dominick 

Roberts S, Harrovvbarrow 

Ryall O, Welltown 

Rickard Ann, Callington 

Rickard J, Callington 

Rendell E, Turlea, Stokeclimsland 

Rickard T, Trehill St. Dominick 

,, Mrs., Manaton, South-hill 

,, Chas. Callington 
Roberts J, Landulph 
Railway Pas=;engers Assurance Co. 
Rendell F, Stokeclimsland 
Rosekilly N. R, Albaston 

do Isaac, 2 Haddington-road, 
Devonport 



VI 



VENNING S POSTAL DIRECTORY. 



HISTORIC ROLL— Continued. 



Roseveare R, Saltash-rd, Callington 
Rowe J, Calstock 
Rattenbury S. P, Polhilsa 
Reep W. & E, St. Dominick 
Rendell W, Poundfield 
Rodd T. R, Trebartha Hall 
Reed R, Callington 
Rogers J. H, Golberdon 
Ryder Mrs. M, Reason, St. Mellion 
Rendell E, Merifield 
Rowe S, Callington 
Rowling R. J, Pensilva 
Ruse J, Pentillie 
Rowell J, South-hill 
Rickard E. A, Callington 
,, B, do. 

T. St. Mellion 
Rendell ^^^ Poundfield 
Richards J, Callington 
Roberts, Mc Gibney, Mount Vernon 
Ohio, U. S. 

Strike J, Golberdon 

Squires F. W, go Fore-st. Saltash 

Snell E, Callington 

Stidston & Co. Plymouth 

Smale Ada, Burraton 

Stephens -J, Kelly Bray 

do, J, Tavistock Road 
Samble & Buckingham,' Callington . 
Solomon G, St. Mellion' 
Symons M, Newlandcombe 
Shaw Rev. J, South-hill 
Strike J, Callington 
Stephens R, St. Cleer 
Sandercock J, Callington 
Stephens J, Trevigio 
Symons J, Trewolland 
Shaw E, Plymouth 
Short Elizabeth, Burraton 
Sandercock E. J, Linkinhorne 
Symons J. H., Frogwell, Callington 
Stephens Jane, Linkinhorne 

Albert, Trefrize, Linkinhorne 
Skelton M. E, London 
Stephens S, Trecarne 
Sandercock R, Pencrebar, Callington 

do. J, 

Stumbles H. A. M, Stokeclimsland 

do. C. 
Stephens B, Trefrize 

,, 11 Churchtown 

„ W, H. ,, 
Square Eev. C, St. Dominick 



Shovel A, Callington 
Spear & Son, Kendall Green, Calln. 
Sweet & Sons. Plymouth 
Spear H. E, Beatons Park 
Squance L. Polhilsa 
Symons E, Cotehele 
Smith, R. Whiteford 
Sandercock W, Newbridge Callington 
Spear W. C, Plymouth 
Sweet F, Church-st. Callington 
Spurrell E. J, Saltash 
Stephens J, Plushays, Linkinhorne ' 
do. W, Kelly Bray 
do. B, Trevigro 
Sargent Mrs, Polyphant House, Aber- 

tillery, Newport Mon 
Snell A, Pengelly 

,, G, Tremail, Davidstow 
Stephens B, St. Dominick 
Sowden E, 43 West-st. New York 
Symons W, Callington 

Toms Miss M. Callington 
Trathen, D. L, Glitters 
Treleaven & Son, Launceston 
Thomas, Prince of Wales Mine 
Toms L. & C, Tavistock rd. Call. 
Trathen J. T, Darloe House, Cross 
Truman J, Bagshot Park, Surrey 
Trehane J. Northcombe, Linkinhorne 
Truscott H, East Trevallack 
Thomas A. M. Miss, Callington 
Trewin J, Tolcarne 
Treais J, Trefinnick 
Trathen T, Cross 
Taylor Mrs, Phoenix 
Trathen L, Glitters 
Thomas Mrs, Stoke 
Treais W, Callington 
Thomas M. M. B, The Gore, London 
Canada 

Vosper C, Shute, Reason 
Vosper E. J, Reason 
Vosper W. T, Reason 
Veall W, St. Ann's Chapel 
Vosper W. H, riolmbush 

do. T. D, Pillaton 
Veall Chrissie, Wycombe 
Vosper Samuel, St. Dominick 
Vosper T, Quethiock 

do. E, Woodland 
Venning A. W, Liskeard 
Vosper-Thomas, Rev. S., l.i-.d., 
1 Moxley Vicarage, Wednesbury 



HISTORIC ROLL. 



VII 



HISTORIC EOLL— Continued. 



Vineer W- J, Callington 
Veall 11. H, do. 

Woods H. S. Calstock 

Wood & Son W, 50 Bedford-st. 

Plymouth 
Walkey K. & M, Callington 
Westlake W, Dunterton, Tavistock 
Williams P. Mrs., Saltash 
Wright J, Old Mill, Stokeclimsland 
Wix Rev. y. A., Quethiock 
Weids E P. Plymouth 
Wright H, Town Crier, Callington 
Wearing A, Callington 
Will H, Plymouth 
Williams Mrs, North-hill 
Williams T, Gunnislake 
Wadge P, Stoke 
Willcocks L, Callington 



Wakefield Mrs, Callington 

Westlake W, Trecombe 

Wright M, Saxtons, River Vermont, 

N. A. 
White C. A, Coombs 
We veil E. A, Gang 
Wevell W. H, do. 
Wright J, Texas U.S.A. 
Whale T, Trehill 
Willcocks W, Callington 
Westlake T, Calstock 
Whitford G. Mornick 
Walker E, South-hill 
White Mary, Dakota, U.S. 
Waterer J, Trecombe 

Yandell S E, Callington 
Yelland Mrs. W, do. 
Yelland Mr, do. 



N.B. — All per.sons on this Roll, were living at the end of the 19th and the 
commencement of the 20th Centuries. 



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Book Parcels. &c., received from London every week. 
Any Book puDlished not in stock can be procured to 
order 



ii^i 



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VIII venning's postal directory. 

J. VENNING, 





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^Fost Office, CALLINGTON. 



ILLUSTRATIONS AND CONTENTS, DIRECTORY. 



IX. 



Index to Illustrations Postal Directory. 

PART I. 



Map of Parish Boundaries . . 

St. Keyne's WeU 

Holy Well, St. Dominick 

Holy Well, St. Clear 

J. F. Moiilton, M.P. 

iSir W. Lewis Molesworth, M.P. 

J. W. Dingle, J.P., C.A. 



PAGE. 

125 
161 
180 

181 
185 
187 
188 



C.C. 



W. Hawk, J.P , C.A. 
S.P. liattenbmy, J. P., 
N. Coad, CO. 
J.-Trehane, J.P. 
R. Porter, Mayor of Saltash 
Kev. R P. Davey 



PAGE. 

189 

lyo 

191 
192 
193 
194 



|nt)cv oi Contents d '|1ostal riircctorn. 



Title Page 

Dedicatory Notice and Photo) 
Earl Mt. Edg^nimbe j 

Publisher's Preface 
Editor's ,, 

J, Hawke (adv;.) 

The late Queen & Edward VII 
Ivey & Ledington (advt.) .. 
ALTARNUN 
BOTUSFLEMING 
CALLINCtTON 
CALSTOCK 
ST. DOMINICK 
ST. GERMANS 
ST. IVE 
LANDRAKE 
LANDULPH 
LEWANNICK 
LEZANT 
LINKINHORNE 
ST. MELLION 
NORTH-HILL 
PILLATON 
QUETHIOCK 
SALTASH 
SHEVIOCK 
ST. STEPHENS 
SOUTH-HILL 
STOKECLIMSLAND 
C. Harris & Son, (advt.) 
J. Normington, ,, 



PART 



PAGE. 

33 

34 

35-6 

37 

38 

39 

40 

41-4 

44-0 

45-53 

5,-5-63 

G3-4 

65-70 

70-2 

f'2-i 

74-5 

75-7 

77-9 

79-82 

82-3 

83-5 

85-6 

86-7 

88-94 

94-5 

95-7 

97-9 

99-102 

103 

104 



PAGE, 

Table of Churches & Livings 124 

Map of Parish Boundaries . . 125 

Wes. Ministers, Callington Circuit 127 

Dock ,, 129 

,, ,, Launceston ,, 129 

North-hill ,, 131 

,, ,, Gunni.slake ,, 131 

B. C. Ministers, Callington Circuit 133 



U. M. F. C. Minis. ,, 


J J 


133 


Saltash M.P's., 1552 to 1832 


137-9 


, , Mayors 


, . 


39-42 


Coun. & Dis. Councillors, 


1901 


143 


Parish Couucillois, 


5 J 


144 


Rectors and Vicars 




145 


Wes. Minis , Liskeard C 


rcuic 


153 


,, ,, Saltash 


M 


155 


,, Tavistock 


»• 


• » 


Relics of the Cornish Language 


155 


Sir Richard Edgcumbe 




160 


St. Keyne's Well 




161 


Kings and Queens 




166 


Members of Parliament 




169 


Cornish Epitaphs 




171 


Superstitions 




174 


Population & Acreage Tables, &c 


. 177 


Holy Well, St. Domiuick 


, , 


180 


St. Cleer 


. , 


181 


Calstock and its scenery 


, , 


182 


E. Cornwall Elections, M.P.'s. 


184 


J. Venning, (advt.) 


. . 


195 


Carriers and Busses 


, , 


l'.)6 


Addenda and Errata 




197-8 


J. Treleaven (advi.) 


, . 


199 


Moon & Sous 


. . 


200 


Map, i-mile Circles 




» 



X. 



ILLUSTRATIONS HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



Index to Illustrations (Part II.) 



IN 



historical notices of east CorwMjalK 



ALTARNUN. 

PAGE. 

5 Church & Vicarage 

7 ,, Interior 

lo Wesleyan Chapel 

19 Trebant 

BOTLSFLEMING. 

• 22 Church & Village 
24 Memorials of Gen. Sjuoons 
28 Hatt House 

CALLINGTON. 

32 View from Launceston Road 
37 The Chuich, Front Entrance 
39 ,, from Lower Street 

42 Alabaster Tomb to Lord Will- 

oughby de Broke 
44 Interior of Church 
47 DupathWell 
52 Frogwell Wesleyan Chapel 
51 Calhngton ,, Exterior 
56 ,, ,, Interior 

59 Mr. John Peter 
,, ,, W. Dingle, J.P. 
65 Public Hall 
67 Reservoir 

69 Fountain in Launceston Road 

70 Fore Street 

71 Market Council 

72 Pencrebar Hou?e 

73 Kit Hill Castle 

CALSTOCK. 

77 Calstock Town 

79 The Church 

84 Cotehele House 

88 ,, South Entrance 

94 Gunnislake 

95 ,, Wesleyan Chapel 

96 ,, Bible Christian Chapel 
,, Weir Head andMorwell Rocks 

St. DOMINICK, 

97 The Church 

100 Wesleyan Chapel 

101 Bible Christian Chapel 



St. GERillANS. 

PAGE. 

103 The Church and Port Eliot 

104 Norman Porch 
106 Modern Tower 
iiO Port Eliot 

112 Peep ill the Park at Port Eliot 

117 Wesleyan Chapel 

121 Ancient Cottages 

125 Downderry Wesleyan Chapel 

St. IVE. 

127 The Church 

LANDRAKE. 

131 The Church 

1.^7 Weslevan Chapel 

1.^8 ,, ,, Interior 

LANDULPH. 

141 The Church 
1-16 Wesleyan Chapel 

LEWANNICK 

148 The Church 

154 Trevadlock Cross Wesleyan 
Chanel 

LEZANT. 

160 The Church 
164 Trecarrel Hall 
168 Landue 

LINKINHORNE, 

170 The Church, Exterior 
173 ,, Interior 

177 Rilla Mill Chapel Interior 
181 Browda 
190 Cheesewring 

St. MELLION. 

196 The Church 

200 Bealbury Wesleyan Chapel 

201 Newton Ferrers 

202 Digby Collins, Esq. 



ILLUSTRATIONS AND CONTENTS. 



XI. 



INDEX TO HISTORICAL NOTICES,— continued. 



NORTH-HILL. 

PAGE. 

205 The Church, Exterior 

206 ,, Interior 
211 Goad's Green Chapel 
213 Trebartha Hall 

PILLATON. 

215 The Church 

217 Wesleyan Chapel 

218 Pentillie Castle 

QUETHIOCK. 

222 The Church 

SALTASH. 

231 The Church 

233 Wesleyan Chapel, Exterior 

234 ,, Interior 
236 Baptist Chapel 

239 Saltash Bridge 



St. STEPHENS. 

PAGE, 

240 The Church 

247 Burraton Wesleyan Chapel 

248 Trematon Castle 

SHEVIOCK. 

250 The Church 

SOUTH-HILL. 

255 Inscribed Stone 

256 The Church 
,, The Font 

259 Rev. J. Shaw 

260 Golberdon Wesleyan Chapel 

STOKECLIMSLAND. 

262 The Church 

265 Downhouse U. M. F. Church 

266 Venterdon Wesleyan Chapel 

267 Luckett Wes. Chap. Exterior 

268 ,, ,, Interior 

269 Cross Bible Christian Chapel 



CONTENTS.— Part II. 



historical Dotices, ^50 !o 1901. 



PAGE. 


PAGE. 


I Map of East Cornwall 


20 The Names and spelling 


I Cornwall— Little Britain 


21 Source of 2 County Rivers 


I ., Ancient Names 


,, Launceston Water Supply 


2 ,, Original Inhabitants 


BOTUSFLEMING. 22 31. 


ALTARNUN. 8—21. 


22 The Church 


3 Patron Saint, St. Non's Well 


23 General Symons' Memorials 


4 The Church 


25 Monuments 


7 The Tower. Monuments 


26 Moditonham 


g Introdudtion of Methodism 


27 Hatt 


Wesley's Visits 


29 Cross 


13 Plymouth Dock Circuit 


,, Fighting Cocks, &c. 


16 Flint Implements 


30 Chapel 


,, Tre, Pol, and Pen 
,, Trelawny Family 


CALLINGTON. 32 77. 


17 I'eter JoU 


32 Centre of East Cornwall 



x8 Antiquities 



,,J_Prehistoric Period 



XII. 



CONTENTS, HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



INDEX TO CONTENTS,— continued. 



PAGE. 

33 Hengist & Horsa 

34 King Arthur's Palar.e 

34 Battle on Hingston Down 835 

36 Ancient Names 

37 Patron Samts 

38 The Church 

,, The Cemetery 
40 Church before Restoration 
,, Monuments 

44 Fire in Tower 

45 Market Charter 

,, ParHamentary Borough 
,, Manor. 

46 The Mace 

,, Dupath Well 

49 Kit Hill 

50 Charities 
„ Civil War 

51 Methodism 

57 Remarkable escape from peril 
59 Mr. John Peter 
61 Mr. W. Dingle 

63 Places of Worship 

64 Schools 

,, Public Hall 

65 Water Supply 
70 The Market 

72 Pencrebar 

73 Kit Hill Castle 

74 Summary of Events, 449-1901 

CALSTOCK. 77—96. 

77 Calstock Town 

79 The Church 

80 Monuments 

81 Manor Customs 
83 Cotehele 

90 Harewood 

91 Edgar & Elfrida 
93 Gunnislake 

St. DOMINICK. 97—103. 

97 Patron Saint 

98 The Church 
,, Monuments 

100 Methodism 

102 Bible Christians 
,, Halton Manor 

St. GERMANS. 103—126. 

103 Patron Saint 

„ Bishopric and Priory 



PAGE. 
104 
106 

107 
108 
109 
III 

t I 

T20 

t» 
121 
124 



The Church 
The Towers 
Miserere Chair 
Dando and his Dogs 
Monuments 
Eliot Family Tablet 
Priory and Port Eliot 
Sir John Eliot 
Methodist History 
Charities 
Ancient Cottages 
Manors 
Hesssnford 
Downderry 
126 Tideford 

St. IVE. 126—130. 

126 Patron Saint 
,. The Church 

128 Monuments 

129 Manor of Trebeigh 

LAN DRAKE. 130—140. 

130 The Church 

131 Monuments 
136 Methodism 

138 Charities 

139 Manors 

140 St. Erney 

LANDULPH. 140—7. 

140 Ancient Names and Patron 

Saints 
,, The Church 

141 Monuments 

144 Antiquities 

145 Methodism 

146 Manors 

LEWANNICK. 147—160. 

147 Ancient Names 
,, The Church 

148 The Fire 

149 Monuments 

150 Methodist History 

157 Ancient Boundaries 

158 Trelaske 

159 Upton 

160 Polyphant 

LEZANT. 160—169. 
I 161 The Church 



CONTENTS, HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



XIII. 



INDEX TO CONTENTS.— continued. 



PAGE. 

,, Monuments 

163 Methodism 

164 Trecarrel 

166 King Charles and Trecarrel 

167 Landue 

LINKINHORNE. 170—196. 

170 The Church 

171 Monuments 

174 Methodist History 

175 Dr. Adam Clarke 

177 Rilla Mill Chapel 

178 Lanhargy 

,, Manors, Bartons, &c. 
,, ,, of Rillaton 

179 .. .. Carnedon Prior 
ti II >> 11 l-.ier 

180 Barton of Trefrize 

181 Browda 

182 Patrieda 

183 Westcott 

185 Darley 

186 Churchtovvn Estate 
,, Broadwood 

187 Caradon Town 
,, Southcoombe 

,, Northcoombe 
,, Pengelly 

188 Lanhargy 
,, Ex well 

189' Lower" Millcombe 
,, The Hurlers 
,, Cheesewring 

191 King Charles and Civil War 

192 Antiquities 
,, Charities] 

,, Monuments, Addenda, &c. 

193 Grave of the Bronze Age 

St. MELLION. 196—204. 



196 
197 
199 
200 



The Church 

Monuments 
Methodism 
Newton Ferrers 



NORTH-HILL. 205—214. 

205 Patron Saint 
,, The Church 

206 Monuments 

208 Methodist History 

211 Coad's Green Chapel 

212 Lynher and Kilmar 
,. Trebartha 



PILLATON. 214—221. 

214 Ancient Names 
,, The Church 

215 Monuments 

216 Methodism 

217 Pentillie Castle 

219 Coryton Family 

220 Manors 

QUETHIOCK. 221—228. 

221 Ancient Names & Patron Saint 
,, The Church 

223 Monuments 
228 Manors 

SALTASH. 228—239. 

228 Ancient Names 

229 Incorporated Town 

230 Patron Saints 
,, The Church 

232 Monuments 
,, Methodism 

235 Baptist 

236 Civil War 

237 The Guildhall 

238 Borough Seal 

,, Monument to Gen. Symons 

St. STEPHENS-by-Saltash. 

240 The Church 

241 Monuments 
246 Methodism 

248 Ti-ematon Castle 

249 Manors 

SHEVIOCK. 250—254. 

250 The Church 

251 Monuments 

253 Manors 

SOUTH-HILL. 254—261. 

254 Patron Saint 

255 Inscribed Stone 
,, The Church 

257 Monuments 
259 Rev. J. Shaw 
,, Methodism 
261 Manors 

STOKECLIMSLAND 261-269 

261 The Church 

263 iVIonuments 

265 Chapels 

269 Manor 

271 Addenda and Errata 

273 Review of 19th Century 



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