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Full text of "Illustrations of new species of exotic butterflies : selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson"

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COLLECTION 

OF 

William Schaus 

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PRESENTED 
TO THE 

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ILLUSTEATIONS 



OP 



NEW SPECIES 



OF 



EXOTIC BUTTERFLIES, 



SELECTED CHIEFLY FROM THE COLLECTIONS OF 



W. WILSON SAUNDERS and WILLIAM C. HEWITSON. 



BY ,„^h 



WILLIAM C. HEWITSON 



VOL. II. 



JOHN VAN VOOEST, LONDON. 
1857—1861. 






(^c^bA-S 



LONDON : WOODFALL AND KINDER, PRINTEIIS, ANGEI. COURT, SKINNER STREET. 



INTRODUCTION. 



The author's sole object in the production of this work has been to leave behind him 
correct pictorial representations of the exquisite things which have been to him a jo}'^ 
through life. He believes that there is nothing higher or more worthy of his 
ambition than the simple child-like study of the works of his and their Creator. He 
beheves each species in itself perfect and as it first came from the hands of the 
Creator ; and if he could believe in the transmutation of species or that there was 
one grain of truth in the chaotic jumble of Mr. Darwin, his life-long pleasure and 
occupation would be taken from him. He has himself experienced so much pleasure 
in identifying from a good figure any species which descriptions have failed to 
elucidate, that, encouraged by his own experience and the kind aid of his friend, Mr. 
Wilson Saunders, who bears half the loss sustained in its publication, he is induced 
to proceed with a third volume. At the commencement of this work, ten years ago, 
the study of the Diurnal Lepidoptera had been so much neglected that our collections 
were crowded with undescribed species ; except in England, where the " Genera of 
Diurnal Lepidoptera " had just been brought to a conclusion, scarcely anything had 
been done of late years towards their illustration. Since then much has been done. 
Dr. Boisduval has described the butterflies of California; M. Lucas several species in 
the " Revue et Magasin de Zoologie ;" Dr. Felder has described and figured 
numerous species ; M. Menetries has published a Catalogue of the Lepidoptera in the 
Imperial Museum of St. Petersburg ; Horsfield and Moore have described and illus- 
trated the Butterflies in the collection of the East Lidia Museum ; 412 new species 
(with 790 figures) have been given in this work, and yet numbers of species (not less 
than 500) remain imnamed. Mr. Wallace is still exploring the New Guinea group 
of islands, and abundant materials arc accumulated from which to select illustrations 
for our third volume. The author cannot allow this opportunity to pass without 
expressing his sincere thanks to those who have so kindly aided him during the 
publication of this work ; to Dr. Gray for the facilities of access which have been 



iv INTRODUCTION. 

given him over the collection of the British Museum ; to Dr. Eoisduval, to Mr. 
Bates, and to Mr. Wallace, whose collections he has had access to as freely as if they 
were his own. 



CORRECTIONS. 

Pieris Eliada is the male of Cramer's P. Liberia. 

Pieris Cycinna has been incorrectly printed P. Concinna in the description. 

Cycinna is the name by which the author wishes it to be known. 
Leptalis Antherize, of Boisduval, is L. Portunata of Lucas (Annals Soc. 

Entom., 3rd Series, Vol. IL, Plate 3.) 
Messaras Maonites is P. Lampetia of Cramer, Plate 349. 



N.B. — An Lulex is given, by which the binder wUl be enabled to arrange the 
Plates, as in the " Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera." 

A second Lidex, alphabetically arranged, is given for the benefit of those who 
will take tlie trouble to number the Plates (from 1 to 60) and the letterpress (from 
1 to 120), after the book has been arranged by the first Index. 

N.B. — On append un Index par lequcl le relieur peut arranger les planclies de 
la meme maniere qu'en " Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera." 

On append un second Index, arrange alphabetiquement, pour servix a ceux qui 
veulent mettre les nombres aux planches (1 a 60), et aussi au texte (1 a 120), apres 
qu'on aura arrange le hvre par I'aide du premier Index. 



Oatlands, Walto>"-on-Thames, 
Sept. 13, 18G1. 



ITHOMIA^ XW. 



o o 








5 071.. islet J-itK 18 55 



PriiLtel ToyHuUmsaiJel &. TValton 



c^l.ITHOltoA ERRrCA 
82. JTHOMIA DIAPHANUS. 
83 ITHOMIA ESITLA 



84ITHOMIA C^NO 
.85 ITHOMJA ONEIIA 
86 ITHOMLA SALONIKA 



H E L I C O N I D .E. 

ITHOMIA. XIV. 



ITHOMIA ERRUCA. 81. 

Upperside. Male transparent glossy lilac-white ; the uervures and margins 
black. A narrow, short, almost perpendicular band at the end of the cell. 
Underside rufous, where black above. 
Expan. 1^^ in. Hab. Rio Grande. 

lu the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Though very nearly allied to I. Adasa, Fig. 43, they are very easily distinguished when seen 
together. This species is more elegant in its form, is veiy glossy, and has the band at the end of the 
cell narrower and more nearly perpendicular. 



ITHOMIA DIAPHANUS. 82. 
P. Diap/ianws. Brury, Vol. 2. Fl. 7. P. Blaphana. Cramer, PL 231. 

Upperside. Male transparent glossy rufous-white ; the margins, which are very 
narrow, and the nervures, which are very fine, black. Anterior wing with a narrow 
oblique band at the end of the cell. 

Underside rufous where black above. 

Expan. 2-2^ in. Hab. Jamaica. 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 



ITHOMIA ESULA. 83. 

Upperside. Male transparent rufous-white ; more deeply tinted towards the 
anal angle of the posterior wing. 

The margins (except the costal margin of the anterior wing, which is rufous) and 
the nervures black. 

Underside with the margins rufous, except the costal margin of the posterior 
wing, which is dull yellow from the base to beyond the middle. 

Expan. 2^^ in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

A A 



HELICONID^ ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA CCENO. 84. 
/. Coeno. BouUeday Sf Hexoitson Gen. Diur. Lep. PI. 18. Female. 

TJppERSiDE. Male transparent purple-white; the marguis and nervures blue- 
black, except the anal angle of the posterior wing which is orange. Posterior wing, 
from the inner margin near the base to the middle, tinted with yellow. Both wings 
with a submarginal row of indistinct white spots. 

Underside as above, except that the marginal white spots are more distinct. 

'Expan. 2x^j in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

The orange spot on the margin of the posterior wing is not a sexual distinction ; although it may- 
beautify the males only, they are usually without it. I have seen only one example of the variety, 
which I have figured, which has the antennae (commonly black) orange from the middle to the tip. 



ITHOMIA ONEIDA. 85. 

IJpPERSiDE. Female semi-transparent, rufous ; the margins black. Anterior 
wing slightly clouded beyond the middle, with the costal margin and the nervures, 
to beyond the middle of the wing, rufous ; the ends of the nervures black. A lunular 
black spot at the end of the cell. Posterior wing, with the nervures (except the dis- 
coidal nervulc, which is rufous), black. 

Underside light rufous, where black above. The costal margin of the postei'ior 
wing dull yellow ; the outer margin of the same wing black, varied with rufous spots 
at the end of each uervule. The nervures of both wings darker than above. An- 
terior wing with three distinct white spots at the apex ; posterior wing with six large 
lunular spots on the outer margin. 

Expan. 2-^0 in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This and the two preceding butterflies were sent me by Mr. T. J. Stevens, of Bogota, to whose 
love of entomology we are indebted for some of the most beautiful acquisitions with which our cabinets 
have lately been enriched. 



ITHOMIA SALONINA. 86. 

Upperside. Female transparent rufous white ; the margins and nervures (ex- 
cept where they cross the yellow band) brown. Anterior wing with a short oblique 
band at the end of the cell, joined to the outer margin by two broad nervules, and 
followed by a broad indistinct band of pale yellow. 

Underside as above, except that the outer margins of both wings are rufous, 
and the costal margin at the base of the posterior wing orange. 

Expan. l\l in. Hab. Bolivia. 

In the Collection of the British I\Iuseum. 

Very nearly allied to I. Salapia, Fig. 15, but easily known from it by the arrangement of 
the nei'vures of the jsosterior wiug. 



MIEILE€(0)liIIDiS 

ITHOMIAXT. 




"vV" C H.ewit«(m., del. eiHth. 1855. 



87. 8S. ITHOKIA HYALA 90 I' 

89. ITHOMIA LAGUSA 91 92. 93 T 



HELICONIDtE. 

ITHOMIA XV. 



ITHOMIA HYALA. 87, 88. 

Uppeuside. Male transparent riifons-wliite ; the nervures and margins black. 
Anterior mng with an indistinct uari'ow band across the cell, and a broad curved 
band at the end of the cell, produced beyond the median nervule black. The usual 
white spot on the costal margin very small. The space between the inner margin 
and the median nervure and its first nervule, unusually broad (narrow in the female) 
and light brown. Posterior wing unusually small (larger in the female). 

Underside (except the nervures) rufous, where black above. The apex of both 
wings with minute white spots, sometimes seen above. The costal margin of the 
posterior wing broadly orange (narrower and rufous in the female). 

Expan. 2 in. Hab. Guayaquil. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

This will come next to I. Diasia (Fig. 28). I have figiu-ed both sexes, to point out more clearly 
than I can by description, the difierences which exist. In the female the disco-cellular nervules cross 
the posterior wing transversely and at a right angle with the costal niai'gin. In the male these 
nervures are much lower down, cross the wing obliquely, and join the costal margin nearer the apex, 
and at an acute angle. 

I have ascertained, since figuring the beautiful Ithomia SteUa, at Fig. 52, that the nenaires 
of the posterior wing differ in the opposite sexes exactly as in this species. The female of I. Stella 
is fiy-ured. 



ITHOMIA LAGUSA. 89. 

Upperside. Female transparent rufous-white ; the margins (except the inner 
margin of the anterior wing, near its base, which is rufous) black. Anterior wing, 
with the space between the inner margin and the median nervure, and its first 
nervule, orange ; the nervnres (except the median nervure to its first branch), an 
oblique band at the middle of the cell, and a broad, irregular, transverse band at the 
end of the cell, black. Two indistinct spots of white at the apex. 

Underside as above, with the base of the posterior wing yellow. The margins 
of both wings with very distinct round submargmal white spots. 

The male I have i t seen. 

Expan. 2i^ in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 
Nearly allied to Ithomia Avella, Fig. 27. 



HELICONID^ ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA LARINA. 90. 

Upperside. Male. Anterior Aving with a large space at the base orange ; 
a spot in the cell, and the rest of the wing black, with several white spots ; one 
(a donble triangle) in the cell ; two below it, between the median nervules ; two (the 
first of which is large and trifid) placed obliquely across the wing beyond the middle, 
and a snbmarginal row, white, or slightly tinted. Posterior wing orange, with the 
outer margin, and a band of three spots, placed longitudinally across the middle, 
black. A transparent spot near the apex, bounded by the black already described, 
and a line of black near the costal margin. Three small white spots near the 
apex. 

Underside differs only in having a continuous row of white spots on the outer 
margin . 

Expan. 2-2% in. Hab. Ncav Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

If this species was not also a male I must have placed it as the female of Ithomia Celemia, 
Fig. 22, to which it bears such close resemblance in its general aspect. Besides the black spots and 
different position of the uervures of the posterior wing, the shape and relative proportions of the two 
wings are very different. 



ITHOMIA IPHIANASSA. 91, 92, 93. 

Ithomia Iphianasm. BoiMeday and Hewitson. Gen. Diiir. Lep. Plate 18. 

Upperside. Male (Fig. 92). Anterior wing, from the base to beyond the 
middle (except the margins, and two black spots, one of which crosses the end of 
the cell), semi-transparent rufous. The rest black ; crossed before the apex by a 
cm-ved band of yellow, and an oblong transparent spot between the second and third 
median nervules. A curved hue of orange near the outer margin, and two or three 
white spots at the apex. Posterior Ming, Avith the basal half transparent rufous- 
white, with a small black spot at the end of the cell. The rest black ; traversed by 
a band of orange, parallel to the outer margin. 

Underside as above, except that both wings have a submarginal row of white 
spots. 

The female does not differ. 

Figures 91 and 93, varieties from New Granada. 

Expan. 272-0 i"- Hab. Venezuela. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C Hewitson. 

The figure of this species is repeated here although previously published in the genera of 
Dimnial Lepidoi)tera. to make this series as complete as possible, and also to bring it into juxta- 
position with Figures 1>1 and 93, which I believe to be varieties of the .same species, their only 
difference consisting in the quantity of black with which the wings are suffused. I have both sexes 
of each of the varieties. 



ITHOMIA. X7I 




W C lie:^tson, ael etlttii.lSSS. 



"Pa^nteiToy HuTXTnajridel &'Wa2'tcm. 



94.95,96 ITHOMIA ZERLINA 98. ITHOMIA G-EPHIRA 
97. ITHOMIA lOLAIA. 99. ITHOMIA OCALEA, 
100 ITHOMIA &0HIJS6A. 



H E L I C O N I D ^. 

ITIIOMIA. XVI. 



X'lTHOMIA ZERLINA. 94, 95, 96. 

Upperside. Male (Fig. 96) transparent white, slightly clouded beyond the 
middle. The margins (which are broad) and the nervures black. Anterior wing, 
with a broad band at the end of the cell, black. 

Underside bright rufous (sometimes edged with black), where black above ; the 
apex of the anterior wing, and the outer margin of the posterior wing distinctly 
spotted with white. 

Female (Fig. 95), with the margins broader; sometimes clouded at the angle 
formed by the median nervure and its first nervule on the anterior wing, and at the 
disco-cellular nervules of the posterior wing. 

Variety, female. Fig. 94. 

Expan. 2 to 2yo in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Although Fig. 94 differs considei-ably in colom- from the other figures, I have no doubt that I 
am correct in considering it as a variety of the same species. It is a female. 



ITHOMIA lOLAIA. 97. 

Upperside. Female semi-transparent. Anterior wing, from the base to near the 
middle, rufous ; the rest semi-trans])arent black, Avith seven round or oblong, slightl}' 
tinted white spots ; a black spot in the middle of the cell. Posterior wing rufous, 
with an oblong spot below the cell and the outer margin, black. Both wings with a 
submarginal row of slightly tinted white spots. 

Underside as above. 

Expan. 2-2-0 i". Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This species, though voiy distinct, bears considerable resemblance to the beautiful Ithomia 
Stella, Fig. 52. 



ITHOMIA GEPHIRA. 98. 

Upperside. Female. Anterior wing with a large space at the base orange, 
with a spot of white near the end of the cell ; the rest black, with several longitudinal 
transparent spots of rufous-white ; the first (nearest the costal margin) large and 
trifid ; the second (in the middle) short ; the third and fourth long, and clouded in 



HELICONID^ — ITHOMIA. 



the middle. The apex with four distinct white spots. Posterior wing, from the 
base to beyond the middle, orange ; the rest black, with three oblong spots (two 
transparent), and a snbmarginal row of bifid white spots. 

Underside as above, except that tlie black at the end of the cell of the anterior 



wing is intersected with a rufous line. 



The male differs only in having the posterior wing so much more narrow, that 
it is without the oblong spot near the costal margin, and the single white spot at the 
apex. 

Expan. 2^ in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA OCALEA. 99. 
Ithomia Ocalea. DoMeday and Hewitson. Gen. Diur. Lep. Plate 18. 

Upperside. Female semi-transparent. Anterior wing, from the base to beyond 
the middle (except the margins, which are black) rufous ; the rest black, crossed by 
a curved band of five unequal oblong spots of light yellow. The third spot shorter 
than the rest; the fourth and fifth joined to the rufous space. Apex with three 
indistinct Avhite spots. Posterior wing rufous, with the outer margin black. 

Underside as above, except that the posterior wing has a line of black near 
and parallel to the costal margin, and a row of bifid white spots near the outer 



margin. 



The male does not diff'er. 
Expan. 'Iyo "i- Hab. Venezuela. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA GONUSSA. 100. 

Upperside. Female. Anterior wing (partly semi-transparent) black. The cell 
(which has an indistinct band across the middle), and a spot between it and the 
inner angle, light orange ; a triangular spot near the middle of the costal margin ; 
a small spot below it, and a row of irregular-shaped spots parallel to the outer 
margin, yellow-white. A snbmarginal roAV of distinct white spots. Posterior wing, 
with the basal half orange, the rest black, with a snbmarginal row of large distinct 
white spots. 

Underside as above. 

Expan. 2-po in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This beautiful Buttei-fly is veiy distinct from any of the numerous species figured hitherto. In 
form only it somewhat resembles Fig. 49. 



:EiLS€(Difiin), 

ITHOMIA. XYII 





WC.Hewitson, del. et litli. 1656 



Prjiitel loy HullTna.-nd«a &Walto 



lOI. ITHOMIA UTILLA 
102 103. 104, ITHOMIA PHENOMOE 105.106. 107 ITHOMIA MAKF 



HELICONIDtE. 

ITHOMIA. XVII. 



- ITHOMIA UTILLA. 101. 

Upperside. Female lilac- white, with the margins and nervures black. Anterior 
wing rounded at the apex ; slightly clouded beyond the middle ; an indistinct, ill- 
defined band of brown, at the end of the cell. 

Underside, with the margins, except the costal margin of the anterior wing, 
rufous. Anterior wing, with two or three white spots at the apex. 

Expan. 1 j;^ in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



/ITHOMIA PHENOMOE. 102, 103, 104. 
/. Phenomoe. BoMeday and Ilewifson, Gen. Diur. Lep. Plate 18. 

Upperside. Male lilac-white ; the margins and nervures black. Anterior wing, 
with a slight cloud surrounding some indistinct spots of white near the outer margin ; 
crossed at the end of the cell by a triangidar band of black, and at the middle of the 
cell by a short hne of the same colour. 

Underside, rufous where black above. Anterior wing with three or four white 
spots (one on the costal margin) at the apex. Posterior wing with sometimes one or 
two spots at the apex. 

Pemale, with the wings wider, the band at the end of the cell longer, broader, 
and quadrate ; the line across the middle of the cell longer and much more distinct. 

Expan. \\'i^ in. Hab. Venezuela. 

In the Collections of W. \V. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



HELICONIDiE — ITIIOMIA. 



y ITHOMIA MAKRENA. 105, lOG, 107. 
I. Makrena. Hewitson Exot. But. Ithomia, Fiffs. 29 and 59. 

Upperside. Male lilac- or rufous-white. The nervures and the margins (which 
are broad) black. Anterior wing, with a slight cloud near the outer margin, sur- 
rounding some indistuict spots of white (two of which, at the apex, are sometimes 
enclosed by a line of black) ; a line at the middle of the cell, and a triangular band at 
the end of the cell, black. 

Underside bright rufous where black above. The apex of the anterior wing, 
and the outer margin of the posterior wing, with white spots. 

Females at figs. 29 and 59. 

Expan. \\^ to 2-2%. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This species and I. Pheuomoe, although differing but little above, are easily distinguished by- 
reference to the underside. I. Makrena has always a row of white spots near the outer margin of the 
posterior wing, which Phenomoe is without. 



MmiLIIWSflllQ)^, 

ITHOMIA XYni 







WC.Hewitsoi! 



Prmtei IjyHullinandeL fcTftiltoK 



109. ITHOMIA LILLA 
no. Ill ITHOMIA SAO 



Il§ ITHOMIA VIRGINIA 
113. ITHOMIA ZELICA 



HELICONIDtE. 

ITHOMIA. XVIII. 



ITHOMIA LILLA. lOS. 

Upperside. Female transparent purple-white, both wings tinted with yellow 
within the cell. The margins and the nervures (except where they cross the yellow 
band of the anterior wing and the middle of the posterior wing) black. Anterior 
wing, M'ith an oblique broad band of black at the end of the cell, followed by a band 
of yellow. 

Underside as above, except that the margins are rufous-brown. The apex of 
both wings with two small white spots, and the outer margin of the posterioi- wing 
with an indistinct white spot between each nervule. 

Expau. 1^ in. Hab. Guayaquil. 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 

Neai-ly allied to I. Vestilla (Fig. 17) and also to I. Salonina (Fig. 86). It wants the broad 
black nervule on the anterior wing of the former, and diifers from the latter iu the arrangement of 
the nervures of the posterior -wing. 



ITHOMIA SAO. 109, 110. 
Hijmcnitis Sao. Huhner, Zufr., Fi(/s. 123, 124. 

Upperside. Male transparent, glossy, rufous-white. The margins and nervures 
(except where they cross the yellow band of the anterior wing) brown. Anterior 
wing, with a broad triangular band of black at the end of the cell, followed by an 
indistinct band of yellow which extends to the middle of the outer margin. Outer 
margin of posterior wing traversed by a rufous band. 

Underside rufous where brown above ; the apex of both wings, and the outer 
margin of the posterior wing, with minute white spots. 

The female is smaller, has the wings more tinted with colour, the nervm-es 
lighter, and the marginal white spots of the underside much more distinct. 

Expan. \--[-Q in. to 2Yg- in. Hab. Amazon and Venezuela. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

This, though much larger than Hubner's figure, does not diffci- in any other respect. I have 
examjsles fi-om Venezuela of the same size as Hubner's. It is unusual to see the female less than the 
male, as it is in this species. 

7^~ ^.- .'. "" « 



HELICONIDiE — ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA VIRGINIAN A. 111. 

Ithomia Virylnia. Boiscl. MS. Hew. Exot. But. ItJioiida IX., Fig. .34. 

Although differing greatly in size and form, this is undoubtedly the female of 
fig. 54, which, though unique in the fine collection of Dr. Boisduval of Paris, was 
kindly intrusted to my care to figure. It was accompanied by the manuscript name 
of Virginia, which I carelessly adopted, having myself made use of the same name 
at fig. 18 ; I have therefore changed it to Virgiuiana. This species is remarkable for 
the great length of the median nervure of the anterior wing before its first branch. 
In colour, its chief difference from the male is in the larger proportion of black upon 
both wings. It is in my own collection from New Granada. 



ITHOMIA ZELICA. 112. 

Upperside. Male black. Anterior wing with a large triangular transparent 
space of yellow-white from the base to the middle, interrupted at the costal margin 
by a black spot ; beyond the middle and near the costal margin, a rather large white 
spot crossed by three uervures ; near the apex three small spots of white (one scarcely 
visible), and below them, near the middle of the outer margin, another spot com- 
municating by a clouded indistinct band with the triangular space at the base. 
Posterior wing with the basal half transparent yellow-white. 

Underside as above, except that both wings have a subraarginal row of white 
spots, largest near the middle of the posterior wing. 

Expan. 2yij in. Hab. Guayaquil. 

lu the Collectiou of the British Museum. 



ITHOMIA^ XIX 








■WCKewKson., Sd ettoJi.OBSS. 
f^ /^^//, /^fi;. 



Pn nted "b^Hull m andeL h- 'Walton 



11-4, ITHOlvIIA ZIBIA. 
115, ITHOMIA ZEMIRA 117. 118. ITHOMIA EURITEA, 
116 ITHOMIA TANINA. 119 ITHOMIA SYTyO 



HELICONID^. 

ITHOMIA. XIX. 



ITHOMIA ZIBIA. 113. 

Upperside. Male transparent light yellow, ^vitli the margins (especially the 
outer margins) broadly semi-transparent black. Anterior wing crossed beyond the 
middle by a clouded band of the same colour, and at the end of the cell by a line of 
black. Both wings with a submarginal row of large white spots. Anterior Aving 
with two minute white spots near the apex. 

Underside as above. 

Expan. 1-^ in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Nearly allied in form to Salacia Phyllodoce of Hiibner's Zutrage ; in colour it resembles the 
spotted varieties of his Reckia. The nervures are scarcely seen. In the Plato they are much too 
distinctly marked, but it was desirable to show their position. 



ITHOMIA ZEMIRA. 114. 

Upperside. j\lale brown. Anterior Aving with a narrow longitudinal band of • 

light yellow from the base touching the median nervure, and curving with its first 

nervule towards a small orange spot at the inner angle. Crossed obliquely beyond 

the middle by a band of the same colour. Posterior wing \nth a longitudinal band 

of hght yellow from the base to nearly the apex. 

Uxderside as above, except that both wings have a submarginal row of minute 

white spots. 

Expan. li^ in. Hab. Guayaquil. 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 

The nei"vures on the posterior wing of this species are an-anged as in the last. 



HELICONID^ — ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA YANINA. 115. 
P. Eurltea. Brury, Vol. III., PI. 13, Figs. 5, G. 

Upperside. Female transparent. The basal half of both wmgs (except the 
costal margin of the anterior, which is brown) light yellow. The rest light semi- 
transparent blue-black ; a scarcely visible band of the same colour, and a short 
curved black line at the end of the cell. 

Underside as above. 

Expan. 1 j^ in. Hab. Brazil. 

lu the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

This insect has an unfinished appearance ; it belongs to the same group as the last two, and has 
the nervures of the posterior wing arranged like them. 

Drury's name of Eui'itea having been jireviously used by Cramer, must be dropped for this sjjecies. 



ITHOMIA EURITEA. 116, 117. 
P. Euritea. Cramer, PL 280, Fig. C. 

Upperside. Male lilac-white. Both wings yellow from the base to the middle. 
Margins and nervures (except where they cross the yellow) black. Anterior wing 
with an oblique short black baud at the end of the cell, followed by a small spot of 
yelloM'. 

Underside as above, except that there are two or three indistinct white spots at 
the apex of both wings. 

The female does not differ. 

Fig. 117 represents a light-coloured variety. 

Expan. 1 1^0 in. Hab. Brazil. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA SYLVO. 118. 
//. Si/lvo. Hubner, Zutrage, Figs. 7G7, 768. 

Upperside. Male transparent rufous-white. The margins (except the inner 
margin of the anterior wing, which is broad) narrow black, the nervures black. 
Anterior wing with a curved, somewhat triangular, short band at the end of the cell. 

Underside light rufous where black above ; the costal margin of the posterior 
wing yellow. A single minute white spot at the apex of each wing. 

There is a variety of the female which has the wings more tinted with rufous ; 
a spot of yellow at the inner angle of the anterior v^^ng, and a sjiot of the same 
colour on the costal margin of the posterior wing. 

Expan. 1^ in. Hab. Venezuela. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



ITJiOMTA. XX ^ 





"W. C.Hewitson, del etlit>L.1856 

f^J-^A^, /./t-c-y. 

320. ITHOMIA ALEMA 

121, ITHOMIA AliiALDA. 

122, ITHOMIA CIDOTIIA, 



PTm.ted"byHiillma.n.l!l feWaltan_ 



123 ITHOMIA ROWEKA 
124. ITHOMIA ULIA, 
12 5. ITHOMIA ZABITIA 



HELICON ID ^. 
ITHOMIA. XX. 



ITHOMIA ALEMA. 119. 

TJpPERSiDE. Male transparent rufous-white. The margins and nervures (except 
those which cross the centre of the posterior wing, which are rufous) black. Anterior 
wing with a curved narrow indistinct band at the end of the cell ; the usual white 
spot on the costal margin undefined, opaque-white. Cloiuled near the outer margin so 
as to inclose white spots between each uervui'e. Posterior wing orange-yellow on its 
inner margin. 

Underside as above, with all the margins rufous, except the costal mar gin of 
the posterior wing which is black with its upper edge only rufous. 

The female has the margins broader. 

Expan. 2-2^ in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitsoii. 



ITHOMIA AMALDA. 120. 

Upperside. Female transparent rufous white. The margins and nervures (except 
Avhere they cross the lower half of the posterior wing, which is orange) black. Ante- 
rior wing, with an oblique band across the middle of the cell, and a broad band at 
the end of the cell, black. The apex broadly black, inclosing two transparent 
spots. 

Underside as above, with two or three white spots at the apex of both wings. 

Expan. l-^fj in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Except in the colour of its posterior wing this species does not differ much from I. Makrena, J'lr/s. 
29 and 105. 



ITHOMIA CIDONIA. 121. 

Upperside. Female transparent rufous white. The margins and nervures black. 
Anterior wing with an oblique black band at the end of the cell; the second and 
third median nervules broad and black, until they reach a broad band of orange 
which fills the space between them and the apex. Posterior wing with the black border 
traversed by an orange band. 

Underside as above, except that the anterior wing has three white spots at the 
apex, that the posterior wing has the orange band broader and continued on the 
costal margin to the base, and a submarginal row of bifid white spots. 

The male is less ; has the margins narrower, the second median ncrvule pro- 
duced to the outer margin, and the third scarcely seen, and has not the submarginal 
white spots. 

Expan. 1t^(7 to 2y7j in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This beautiful species, until compared with it, seems to differ very little from I. Ilerda at fy. 10. 

0! • II 



HELICONIDjE — ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA ROWENA. 122. 

Upperside. Male. Anterior wing, witli the basal half, orange. The costal 
margin at the base, the inner margin from the base to near the anal angle, a triangu- 
lar spot in the cell, and a small spot at the base of the first median nervule, black. 
The rest of the wing black, crossed obliquely by a deeply-sinuated band of yellow. 
Posterior wing, with a large spot at the apex and a narrow band from it to the base, 
orange ; the rest black. 

Underside as above, except that both wings have a submarginal row of very 
minute but distinct white spots. 

Expan. 2 in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA ULLA. 123. 

Upperside. Male transparent rufous-white. Anterior Aving, with the outer and 
inner margins, the nervures, and a narrow curved band at the end of the cell, black. 
The costal margin, and the space between the median nervures and the black border 
of the inner margin, rufous. Posterior wing with the outer margin broadly black ; 
the nervures, except where they join the said margins, rufous. 

Underside as above, except that the margins are all rufous, that the anterior 
wing has the usual apical white spots, and that the posterior wing has a row of large 
lunular bifid white spots on the outer margin. 

Expan. 2^ in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This species it will be seen is remarkable for the great size of the anterior wing. 



ITHOMIA ZABINA. 124. 

Upperside. Female transparent rufous-white. The margins (except the costal 
margin of the anterior wing, Avhich is rufous) and the nervures, black. Anterior wing, 
with a transverse band at the end of the cell, also black. 

Underside as above, except that all the margins are hght rufous, that the anterior 
wing has the usual apical white spots, and the posterior a row of lunular bifid spots 
on the outer margin. 

The male has the anterior wing narrower and more pointed at the apex ; the 
margins narrower. 

Expan. 2-^ in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This species bears considerable resemblance to I. Zerlina, fiy. 95 ; but is easily known 
from it by the nearly perpendicular direction of the band at the end of the cell of the anterior 
wing. 



f6i^'. 



NOTICE TO THE BINDER. 

To destroy the descriptions which accompany Ithomia (Plates XX. and XXI.) 
and replace them by those given with Part 40. 



AVIS AU RELIEUR. 



II faut annuler les descriptions qni ont rapport a Ithonua, Planches XX. et 
XXL, et substituer ceux qui se trouvent dans la tome 40. 



HELICONIDiE. 

ITIIOMIA. XX. 



ITHOMIA ALEMA. 120. 

Upperside. Male transparent rufous-white. The margins and nervures (except 
those which cross the centre of the posterior wing, which are rufous) black. Anterior 
wing with a curved narrow indistinct band at the end of the cell ; the usual white 
spot on the costal margin vmdefined, opaque-white. Clouded near the outer margin 
so as to inclose white spots between each nervure. Posterior wing orange-yellow on 
its inner margin. 

Underside as above, with all the margins rufous, except the costal margin of the 
posterior wing which is black with its upper edge only rufous. 

The female has the margins broader. 

Expan. 22ij in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA AMALDA. 121. 

Upperside. Female transparent rufous-white. The margins and nervures 
(except where they cross the lower half of the posterior wing, which is orange) black. 
Anterior wing, with an oblique band across the middle of the cell, and a broad band 
at the end of the cell, black. The apex broadly black, inclosing two transparent 
spots. 

Underside as above, with two or three white spots at the apex of both wings. 

Expan. 1^ in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Except in the colour of its posterior wing this species does not differ much from I. Makrena, Jigs. 
29 and 105. 



ITHOMIA CIDONIA. 122. 

Upperside. Female transparent rufous-white. The margins and nervures 
black. Anterior wing with an oblique black band at the end of the cell ; the second 
and third median nervules broad and black, until they reach a broad band of orange 
which fills the space between them and the apex. Posterior wing with the black 
border traversed by an orange band. 

Underside as above, except that the anterior wnng has three white spots at the 
apex, that the posterior wing has the orange band broader and continued on the 
costal margin to the base, and a submarginal row of bifid white spots. 

The male is less ; has the margins narrower, the second median nervule produced 
to the outer margin, and the third scarcely seen, and has not the submarginal white 
spots. 

Expan. 1^ to 2^ in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This beautiful species, until compared with it, seems to differ very little from I. Ilerda at fy. 10. 

I 1 



HELICONIDJ! ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA ROWENA. 123. 

Upperside. Male. Anterior wing, with the basal half, orange. The costal 
margin at the base, the inner margin from the base to near the anal angle, a triangu- 
lar spot in the cell, and a small spot at the base of the first median nervnle, black. 
The rest of the wing black, crossed obliquely by a deeply-sinuated band of yellow. 
Posterior wing, with a large spot at the apex and a narrow baud from it to the base, 
orange : the rest black. 

Underside as above, except that both wings have a submarginal row of very 
minute but distinct white spots. 

Expan. 2 in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA ULLA. 124. 



Upperside. Male transparent rufous-white. Anterior wing, with the outer and 
inner margins, the nervures, and a narrow curved band at the end of the cell, black. 
The costal margin, and the space between the median nervures and the black border 
of the inner margin, rufous. Posterior wing with the outer margin broadly black ; 
the nervures, except where they join the said margins, rufous. 

Underside as above, except that the margins are all rufous, that the anterior 
wing has the usual apical white spots, and the posterior wing has a row of large 
lunular bifid white spots on the outer margin. 

• Expan. 2-1% in. Hab. New Granada. 
Ill the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 
This species it will be seen is remarkable for the great size of the anterior wing 



ITHOMIA ZABINA. 125. 



Upperside. Female transparent rufous-white. The margins (except the costal 
margin of the anterior wing, which is rufous) and the nervm'es, black. Anterior wing, 
with a transverse band at the end of the cell, also black. 

Underside as above, except that all the margins are light rufous, that the 
anterior wing has the usual apical white spots, and the posterior a row of lunular bifid 
spots on the outer margin. 

The male has the anterior wing narrower and more pointed at the apex ; the 
margins narrower. 

Expan. 2-oij in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This species bears considerable resemblance to T. Zerlina, Jig. 95 ; but is easily known from it by 
the nearly perpendicular direction of the baud at the end of the cell of the anterior wing. 






\ ... / 



IIA. TK\ 







W Clti-,vrI:,Qi .IfJ. fltl.iJ-,,1858. 






f. 



i-'riJited. <jy Huilrn3,-n(icl 3cVVaJ,lon. 



J 86. ITHOMJA ViLLULA. 
1R7 ITHOMIA APULIA. 130 ITHOMJA GUNILLA. 

128 ITHOMIA SRCILLA. 131. ITHOMIA PRISCILLA. 

129 ITirOMIA ILERDINA. 132. ITHOMIA ILLINISSAvsa-. 



HELICON ID Jl. 

ITHOMIA. XXI. 



ITHOMIA VILLULA. 125. 

Upperside. Female transparent purple, clouded with brown, with three white spots 
beyond the middle, between the nervules. The margins and uervures black. Posterior wing 
transparent light yellow, except near the apex, where it is opaque white ; a large spot of orange 
at the anal angle ; the costal and outer margins broadly and irregularly black, the nervurcs 
Avhite. 

Underside as above, except that the anterior wing has three white spots at the apex ; 
that the posterior wing has a bifid white spot on the costal margin near its middle, and a sub- 
marginal row of six white spots. 

Expan. 2-1-0- i"- Hab. New Granada. 

lu the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA APULIA. ? 12G. 

6 Ithomia Cceno, var., Hew. Ex. But. Ifhnmia, PI. 14,/. 84. 

Upperside. Female transparent purple white. Anterior wing, with the margins and 
nervures, black. Posterior wing, with the outer margin, broadly black. A large spot of orange 
at the anal angle. Both wings with one or two white spots at the apex. 

Underside as above, except that there is a submarginal row of white spots upon both 
wings. 

Expan. S 2^%^ in., 5 2-ro- in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

When the male of this species was figured, I believed it to bo only a variety of I Creno, but having seen 
several females, I find that they differ from Cceno in the position of the uervures of the posterior wing. The 
females of this species ai'e also much smaller than the males, differing thus from the rest of the genus Ithomia. 
This species is very closely allied to I. ViUula, they differ from each other in the nervures of the posterior wing. 



ITHOMIA ERCILLA. 127. 

Upperside. Female. Anterior wing black, with a large semi-transparent trifid triangular 
rufous spot from the base to the middle. A transverse band near the apex of two white spots, 
one oblong and divided into four by the nei'vures, the other small. Posterior wing semi-lrans- 
parent rufous, the outer margin broadly black, traversed by a broad band of orange. 



HELICON! D/E ITIIOMIA. 



Underside differs only in having four white spots at the apex of both wings. The male 
does not differ. 

Expan. Injin. Hah. Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

This species will come ne.\t to I. Inachia and I. C3'rianassa. 



ITHOMIA ILERDINA. 128. 

Upperside. Male. Anterior wing black, with four transparent white spots ; one at the 
base triangular, slightly rufous ; the second oval within the cell ; the third below it, between the 
'first and second median nervules ; the fom'th minute touching a broad band of orange, which 
crosses the wing from the costal margin near the apex to near the anal angle, keeping the curve 
of the outer margin. Postei'ior wing lilac white ; the nervures white, except where they join 
the marginal band ; costal margin black ; outer margin black, traversed by a rufous band. 

Underside differs only in having one or two minute spots at the apex of both wings. 

Expan. l-j— in. Ilab. Peru. 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 



ITHOMIA GUNILLA. 129. 

Upperside. Male. Anterior wing black, with three large semi-transparent white spots ; 
one spot across the middle, divided by the median nervure, and half way between it and the 
apex two spots forming a band parallel to the outer margin. A triangular rufous-white spot 
at the base ; the inner margin, from its base to the middle, rufous. Posterior wing rufous ; the 
disco-cellular nervule, the outer margin, and a spot at the apex, black. 

Underside does not differ, except that the apex of the anterior wing is crossed by a band 
of white, and the apex of the posterior wing has two or three white spots. 

Eemale does not differ. 

Expan. 1-ji^ in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA PRISCILLA. 130. 

Upperside. Male. Anterior wing black, with four large white spots ; two oval across 
the middle (one in the cell, the other between the median nervules) ; two (divided by nervures) 
siiuDaiiy placed nearer the apex. A triangular rufous white spot near the base ; the inner 
margin from the base to the middle rufous. Posterior wing rufous, the outer margin broadly 
black, traversed by a broad orange band ; the disco-cellular nervule black. 

Underside differs only in having the usual white spot at the apex of both wings. 

The female does not differ. 

Expan. I'l-j in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and VV. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA ILLINISSA, MA 131. 

Ithoiitla Illinissa, Hew. Ex. But., Itliowia, PL \,f. 2. 

This does not differ from I. Illinissa, except that it has not the white spot at the middle of the costal margin 
of the anterior wing, and in having its wings suffused with black, which many of the Heliconidse are subject to. 



H E L I C O N I D .E. 

ITHOMIA. XXL 



ITHOMIA VILLULA. 12G. 

Upperside. Female transparent purple, clouded with brown, with three white spots be- 
yond the middle, between the nervules. The margins and nervures black. Posterior wing 
transparent light yellow, except near the apex, where it is opaque white ; a large spot of orange 
at the anal angle ; the costal and outer margins broadly and irregularly black, the nervures 
white. 

Underside as above, except that the anterior wing has three Avhite spots at the apex ; 
that the posterior wing has a bifid white spot on the costal margin near its middle, and a sub- 
marginal row of six white spots. 

Expan. 2t^o in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA APULIA. $ 127. 
S Ithomia Coeno, var., Hew. Ex. But. Ithomia, PI. 14, /. 84. 

Upperside. Female transparent purple white. Anterior wing, with the margins and 
nervures, black. Posterior wing, with the outer margin, broadly black. A large spot of orange 
at the anal angle. Both wings with one or two white spots at the apex. 

Underside as above, except that there is a submarginal row of white spots upon both 
Avings. 

Expan. S 2xo i"-j ? -To i^i- Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

When the male of this species was figured, I believed it to be only a variety of I. Cosno, but having seen 
several females, I find that they differ from Cceno in the position of the nervures of the posterior wing. The 
females of this species are also much smaller than the males, differing thus from the rest of the genus Ithomia. 
This species is very closely allied to I. Villula, they differ from each other in the nervures of the posterior wing. 



ITHOMIA ERCILLA. 128. 

Upperside. Female. Anterior wing black, with a large semi-transparent trifid triangular 
rufous spot from the base to the middle. A transverse band near the apex of two white spots, 
one oblong and divided into four by the nervures, the other small. Posterior wing semi-trans- 
parent rufous, the outer margin broadly black, traversed by a broad band of orange. 



HELICONID^f: — ITHOMIA. 



Underside differs only in having four white spots at the apex of both wings. The male 
does not differ. 

Expan. l-nr in- Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 
This species will come next to I. Inachia and I. Cyrianassa. 



ITHOMIA ILERDINA. 129. 

Upperside. Male. Anterior wing black, with four transparent white spots ; one at the 
base triangular slightly rufous ; the second oval within the cell ; the third below it, between the 
first and second median nervules ; the fourth minute touching a broad band of orange, which 
crosses the wing from the costal margin near the apex to near the anal angle, keeping the curve 
of the outer margin. Posterior wing lilac-white ; the nervures white, except where they join 
the marginal band ; costal margin black ; outer margin black, traversed by a rufous band. 

Underside differs only in having one or two minute spots at the apex of both wings. 

Expan 1^0 in. Hab. Peru. 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 



ITHOMIA GUNILLA. 130. 

Upperside. Male. Anterior wing black, with three large semi-transparent white spots ; 
one spot across the middle, divided by the median nervure, and half way between it and the 
apex two spots forming a band parallel to the outer margin. A triangidar rufous-white spot 
at the base ; the inner margin, from its base to the middle, rufous. Posterior wing rufous ; the 
disco-cellidar nervule, the outer margin, and a spot at the apex, black. 

Underside does not differ, except that the apex of the anterior wing is crossed by a band 
of white, and the apex of the posterior wing has two or thi'ee white spots. 

Female does not differ. 

Expan. l~^ in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA PRISCILLA. 131. 

Upperside. Male. Anterior wing black, with four large white spots ; two oval across 
the middle (one in the cell, the other between the median nervules) ; two (divided by nervures) 
similarly placed nearer the apex. A triangular rufous white spot near the base ; the inner 
margin from the base to the middle rufous. Posterior wing rufous, the outer margin broadly 
black, traversed by a broad orange band ; the disco-cellular nervule black. 

Underside differs only in having the usual white spot at the apex of both wings. 

The female does not differ. 

Expan 1-1% in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA ILLINISSA, var. 132. 

Ithomia IlUnissa, Hew. Ex. But., Ithomia, PI. 1, /. 2. 

This does not differ from I. lUinissa, e.xcept that it has not the white spot at the middle of the costal margin 
of the anterior wing, and that it has its wing suffused with black, which many of the HeliconidEe are subject to. 



ITHOMTA. XXII. 





"W. C.Hewitsan, dd. el ]il3i.l8i6. 



Frintei lay 'HtiThnimdel & Walton 



153 ITHOMJA INA 
134. TTHOMIA ORIANA 137 ITHOMIA DUESSA. 

155. ITHOMIA ALEXINA 138 TTHOMIA OULITA. 

136 ITHOMIA SYNHOVA 139. ITHOMIA NORELLA 



HELICONID.E. 
ITHOMIA. XXII. 



ITHOMIA INA. 133. 

Upperside. Male transparent rufons-wliite ; the margins black ; the nervures very faintly 
marked. Anterior wing with a row of indistinct white spots on the black of the onter margin. 
Without the usual spot on the costal margin. Posterior wing with the inner margin broadly 
rufous. 

Underside. Does not differ at aU except that the inner margin of the anterior wing, where 
it rests upon the posterior wing, is brOliantly polished like silver. 

Expan. 23-0 in. Hab. 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 

Near to I. Alema, fig. 120, but differs from it in colour. Near I. Apulia, 127, but has the nervures very diffe- 
rently placed. 



ITHOMIA ORIANA. 134. 

Upperside. Male transparent, the nervures black ; the margins broadly black. Anterior 
wing clouded with biw\m within the cell. Crossed obliquely by a broad baud of black, which 
divides at the median nervure, and passes do\vn the second and third median nervules. 

Underside as above, except that all the black margins are traversed by a rufous band ; 
that the apex of both wings is marked with two or three small white spots, and that the outer 
margin of the posterior wing has some indistinct white spots. 

Expan. 2 in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

Near I. Onega, fig. 1, but different in the arrangement of the nervures of the posterior wing. 



ITHOMIA ALEXIN A. 135. 

Upperside. Male transparent purple-white ; the margins black. Anterior wing crossed 
obliquely at the middle by a band of black ; triangular where it crosses the end of the cell, 
linear where it follows the second median nervule to the outer margin. Apex broadly black. The 
oval space between it and the black band slightly washed with white. Posterior wing with the 
nervures black. 

Underside as above, except that the black band and margins are all traversed by a rufous 
line. 

Expan. 1^§ in. Hab. Bolivia. 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 

Although, at first sight, this species scarcely differs from I. Ardea, fig. 78, it will be seen at once how distinct 
they are, upon examining the nervules of the posterior wing. They are both of them as nearly allied to I. Silphis, 
of Guerin, as they are to each other, and yet differ as widely from it. 



HELICONID^ — ITHOMIA. 



ITIIOMIA SYNNOVA. 136. 

Upperside. Female black. Anterior wing with nearly all the cell, and a Une between it, 
and the anal angle orange. A large semi-transparent white spot beyond the middle. Posterior 
wing with the outer half, except the margin, orange. 

Underside as above, except that there are two small white spots at the apex of the pos- 
terior wing. 

Expan. 1|§ in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 



ITHOMIA DUESSA. 137. 

Uppeeside. Female black. Anterior wing with the base rufous. A large central 
irregular spot of light yellow, marked with a black spot. Two small white spots at the apex. 
Posterior Aving rufous ; the apex and two irregular bands, which spring from it and partly cross 
the wing, together with the outer margin, black. 

Underside as above, except that the base of the anterior wing is black, with two rufous 
lines only ; that the dcmi-bands of the posterior wing are continued to the inner margin, broken 
into spots as they approach it, and that both wings have a submarginal row of white spots. 

Expan. Ivo in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 



ITHOMIA OULITA. 138. 

Upperside. Male. Anterior wing pale yellow, semi-transparent, clouded near the base 
and outer margin. The ncrvure, which closes the cell and the ends of the other nervurcs as they 
approach the outer margin, black. The margins broadly black. Posterior wing orange, except 
near the costal margin, where it is nearly white. Outer margin broadly black, narrow towards 
the anal angle. Both wings with a submarginal row of white spots. 

Underside does not differ, except that there are two additional white spots near the anal 
angle of the posterior wing. 

Expan. 2/0 ill. Hab. Upper Amazon. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITIIOMIA NORELLA. 139. 

Upperside. Male black. Anterior wing black from the base to the middle ; at the 
middle a group of light yellow spots ; one single, within the cell ; one on the costal margin, 
forming part of a curved unequal band which crosses the wing. Beyond the band transparent 
grey ; the nervures and margins black. Posterior wing orange, with a black spot at the end of 
the cell ; the apex and outer margin to its middle black, with a row of white spots. 

Underside as above. 

Expan. 2j^Q in. Hab. Cucnca. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and British Museum. 

I quite expected that this and the preceding would prove to be sexes of the same species. They are, however, 
both males ; and, though very much alike, differ in the position of the nervurcs of both wings. In this species the 
second branch from tlio subcoslal ncrvure rises at the end of the cell ; in 1. Oulitathe same branch is considerably 
beyond it. The disco-cellular nervulcs of the posterior wing also dilfer. 



ITHOMIA. XXIIl. 






Prmtedtj KuUnisLixiel JcWaJtoi. 



i40. ITHOMIA ETHICA 
l+I ITHOMIA OROLINA 
]42, ITHOMIA CORENA. 



143. 14.4. ITHOMIA INACHIA. var 
145.. ITHOMIA ILERDINA. var 
146. ITHOMIA THEUDELINDA 



HELICONIDiE. 



ITHOMIA. XXIII. 



ITIiOMIA ETHICA. 140. 

Upperside. Male transparent pale-yellow. The margins black, bordered 
inwardly with grey. Anterior wing crossed at the end of the cell by a waved band 
of black, proceeding to the outer margin by the second median nervule, which is also 
black. Posterior wing, with part of the median nervure, its second and third 
branches, and the end of the cell, broadly black. Both wings with a subraarginal 
band of white spots. 

Underside as above. 

Expan. ly^ in. Hab. Cnenca. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson, 



ITHOMIA OROLINA. 141. 

Upperside. Male transparent lilac-white ; the nervures and margins black. 
Anterior wing crossed at the end of the cell by an indistinct band of brown, followed 
by an ill-defined curved submarginal band of orange, from the middle of the costal 
margin to the anal angle of the wing. Posterior wing with the outer margin broadly 
black, marked at the apex by a bifid orange spot. 

Underside as above, except that there is some white at the apex of both wings. 

Expan. Ual in. Hab. Amazon. 

In tbe Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

Much like I. Cidonia, but sufficiently distinct to form a species. The nervures of the anterior 
wing are placed at very different angles with each other. 



ITHOMIA CORENA. 142. 

Upperside transparent lilac-white ; the nervures and margins black. Anterior 
wing crossed beyond the middle by a broad band of orange, bordered on both sides 
with black. Posterior wing with the outer margin broadly black, traversed by a band 
of orange. Both wings with two or three obscure spots at the apex. 

Underside as above, except that the apical spots are white. 

Expan. 1^0 in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

Also much like I. Cidoaia and Sarepta, hut differs from them greatly in the position of the 
nervures of the posterior wing. 



HELICONID^E ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA INACHIA. Var. 143, 144. 
Ithomia InacJiia, Ex. But. Vol. I., figs. 66, 67. 

Upperside. Male transparent green-white, bordered with grey ; the margins 
broadly black. Anterior wing crossed midway, from margin to margin, by an obhque 
band of black — broad at the costal margin, narrow where it joins the outer margin. 

Underside as above, except that the black margins are all traversed by a band 
of orange, and that there are three white spots at the apex of each wing. 

Expan. 2 in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

This, however much it may seem to differ at first sight, is, I have no doubt, only a variety of 
I. Inachia, figs. G6, 67. Underside it does not differ from fig. 66, which I consider typical. I had some 
doubt before as to my being correct in figuring two insects so different in colour "as one and the same 
species. The sight of the Butterfly now figured has removed that doubt, and shown that it is a species 
subject to great variation. 



ITHOMIA ILERDINA. Var. $ 145. 
S Ithomia Ilerdma, Ex. But. Vol. II., fig. 1:29. 

Does not differ from the male figured before, except that it has two white spots near the middle of 
the costal margin on both sides, one of these spots being sometimes obscured on the upperside. I do 
not think that this is a variety peculiar to the female although the examples which I have seen are all 
of that sex. The sexes of Ithomia seldom differ except in the position of the nervures. 



ITHOMIA THEUDELINDA. 146. 

Upperside. Male transparent green-white; the margins and nervures (which 
are fine) black. Anterior wing with the costal margin rufous. Both \^angs with an 
irregular black spot at the end of the cell ; both with the outer margin black, deeply 
sinuated inwardly ; broad on the posterior wing, where it is marked with five white 
spots. 

Underside as above. 

Expan. 2|f in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



IE]SILE(D(0)Sri[lD), 

ITHOMIA.XXIV 



\ W8./ 





147. / 






HC.He-witsoa.del ellitli.l6fa'3, 



M X.-N.Hiniart.Tmp' 



x4 7 . ITHOMIA TBLESILLA. 
148 . ITHOMIA. TERESITA. 
14.9 . ITHOMIA PADILLA. . 



150 . ITHOMIA xTAKAmLLA, 
151. ITHOMIA 'POLISSENA. 
162. ITHOMIA ACJRIPPINA. 



H E L I C O N 1 D .E. 
ITHOMIA XXIV. 



ITHOMIA TELESILLA. 147. 

Upperside. ]\Iale transparent, very glossy : the margins and nervures (except 
at the centre of the posterior wing) black. Anterior wing with a small ill-defined 
white spot on the costal margin : two indistinct white spots at the apex. Posterior 
wing with the outer margin broadly black, marked by some very indistinct white 
spots. 

Underside as above, except that the white spots at the apex of the anterior 
wing and near the margin of the posterior wing are white and conspicuous. 

Expan. 2^ in. Hab. Quito. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA TERESITA. 148. 

Upperside. Female transparent, rufous-white, the margins and nervures black. 
Posterior wing with the costal and outer margins broadly black. 

Underside as above, except that the margins are all rufous-brown, that the apex 
of the anterior wing is marked by one or two white spots : the outer margin of the 
posterior wing by several white spots in pairs. 

Expan. 2^ in. Hab. Quito. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This may be, and probably is, a female variety of Ithomia Adina of Vol. I. PI. xvii. fig. 47. 



ITHOMIA PADILLA. 149. 

Upperside. Male transparent, white : the margins and nervures (except where 
they cross the white band of the anterior wing) black. Anterior wing crossed beyond 
the middle by a broad baud of white, boitnded on one side by a short triangular band, 
at the end of the cell ; on the otlier by a broad apical band of black sinuated on its 
inner side. 

Underside as above, except that the band and margins are entirely rufous. 

Expan. 1^ in. Hab. Quito. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Very nearly allied to I. Alexina, Vol. II. PI. -xviii. fig. 135 ; the neuration is the same. 



HELICONID^ — ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA JANARILLA. 150. 

Upperstde. Male black. Anterior wing witli four transparent spots ; one at the 
base, triangular, two placed obliquely across the middle of the wing, the fourth 
forming a transverse bifid band near the apex. Posterior wing transparent : the 
outer margin rufous-browTi. 

Underside as above, except that there is a rufous submarginal band encircling the 
wings, and that both wings have two or three small wliite spots at the apex. 

The female does not differ. 

Expan. 1^ in. Hab. Cuenca. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

Most nearly allied to I. Onega, Vol. I. PI. x. fig. 1, of which it is probably only a variety, since 
the nervures do not differ. 



ITHOMIA POLISSENA. 151. 

Upperside. Male transparent, very glossy : the margins, which are very narrow, 
the nervures, and a slight triangular band at the end of the cell, black. Anterior wing 
with a small white spot on the costal margins beyond the middle. 

Underside as above, except that the margins and band are aU pale rufous, and 
that the anterior wing has two minute white spots at the apex. 

Expan. 2^ in. Hab. Quito. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

Very near to I. Diaphauus of Drury, figured in the First Volume of this work, Plate xxiii. fig. 
8-2. This species has the band at the end of the cell at the middle of the wing, whilst I. Diaphauus 
has the cell of unusual length, and the band much beyond the middle of the wing. 



ITHOMIA AGRIPPINA. 152. 

Upperside. Female. Anterior wing semi-transparent black, crossed before and 
beyond the middle by obhque bands of pale yellow : the base rufous, marked by a spot 
of brown. Posterior wing rufous, with the apex and outer margin broadly brown. 

Underside as above, except that the anterior wing has three small white spots at 
the apex, and that the posterior wing has a submarginal band of eight spots. 

Expan. 2^ in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of E. Birchall. 



ITHOMIA XXV. 




wo HewiUoo de] SchiK Aynl 1" 1867. 



153. ITHOMIA MUTILLA. 

154. ITHOMIA MO SELLA 

155 ITHOMIA JESSICA 

156 ITHOMIA ACILLA. 



MAN, Hajih9i+. imp 



158. ITHOMIA 

159 ITHOMIA 

160 ITHOMIA 



YANETTA 

FENELLA,, 

ORESTILLA 



HELICONID.E, 
ITHOMIA XXV. 



ITHOMIA MUTILLA. 153. 

Upperside. Male, orange. Antcriov wing with four black spots : crosseil 
beyond the middle by a band of pale yellow ; the apex and outer margin broadly 
black, marked by two or three spots of orange and a band of white spots. Posterior 
wing with a central band and the outer margin dark brown : a submarginal band of 
indistinct white spots. 

Underside as above, except that there is an orange band near the apex. 

Exp. 2-j^ inch. Hab. Demerara. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA MOSELLA. 154. 

Upperside. Male, rufous. Anterior Aving with the apical half dark brown, 
crossed by a broken band of three pale yellow spots, and a large siibapical rufous 
spot. Posterior wing with some lunular brown spots on the outer margin. 

Underside as above, except that both wings have a submarginal band of white 
spots. 

Exp. 2^ inch. Hab. Venezuela. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA JESSICA. 155 



Upperside. Male, transparent lilac-white ; the margins, nervures, and a band 
at the end of the cell of the anterior wing, black. 

Underside as above, except that the outer margins are traversed by a band of 
orange, and that there are three Avhite spots at the apex of the anterior wing. 

Exp. 2yo inch. Hab. Minas Geraes. 

In the Burchell Collection of the Oxford University Museum. 



HELICONID/E. ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA ACILLA. 156. 

Upperside. Male, transparent rufous-white ; the margins, nervures, and a band 
at the end of the cell of the anterior wing, dark brown. 

Underside as above, except that the margins are rufous. 

Exp. l-fo inch. Hab. Minas Geraes. 

In the Burcliell Collection of the Oxford University Museum. 

This and the last described, though much like several species before figured, differ from them 
all in the arrangement of the nervures, and, though still more like each other, differ, as I have shown 
upon the plate, in the position of the costal nervures of the posterior wing. By the kindness of 
Professor Westwood, I have the pleasure of adding three new species to my long list of this beautiful 
group. 

ITHOMIA YANETTA. 158. 

Upperside. Male, transparent lilac-white ; the margins and a band at the end 
of the cell of the anterior wing dark brown ; the base of both wings yellow ; the 
inner margin of the anterior wing orange. 

Underside as above. 

Exp. 2^ inch. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA FENELLA. 159. 

Upperside. Eemale, yellow ; some of the nervures, the margins, and a band at 
the end of the cell broadly brown. Anterior wing white near the apex. 

Underside as above. 

Exp. 2-1% inch. Hab. Minas Geraes. 

In the Burchell Collection of the Oxford University Museum and of W. C. Hewitson. 

Much as the nervures differ, I feel very much inclined to believe that this is the female of 
I. Yanetta. 



ITHOMIA ORESTILLA. 160. 

Upperside. Male, transparent lilac-white, the nervures black. Anterior wing 
with the margins, a band across the cell, a band at the end of the cell and the apex 
(near which there are three white spots), black. Posterior wing with a short band at 
the middle of the costal margin, and the outer margin which is broad, black. 

Underside as above, except that all the bands are rufous, bordered only, with 
black, that the apex of the anterior wing has four white spots, and the outer margin 
of the posterior wing a band of bifid white spots. 

Exp. 3^u inch. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Nearly allied to J. Attalia of volume i. f. 77, which has Susiana of Felder for its female. 



rtlTOMlA XXVI. 




C HcwiLion delethtK Jany ist 1868 



161. ITHOMIA KEZIA. 

162. ITHOMIA AlfCHIALA- 

163. ITHOMIA APULEIA. 

164. ITHOMIA ESPRIELiLA. 



165. ITHOMIA ESTELLA. 

166. ITHOMIA SYLVELLA. 

167. ITHOMLA ZITELLA. 
168 ITHOMIA ADEl.lllDA. 



M*K Harihartiinp 



HELICONIDiE. 
ITHOMIA. XXVI. 



ITHOMIA KEZIA. 161. 



Upperside. Male, rufous. Anterior Ai-ing with the basal half rufous : the 
margins, the median nervure and a spot attached to it, dark brown : the apical half 
dark brown, marked by a spot and transverse band of rufous-orange and three 
white spots. Posterior wing with the outer margins and a broad longitudinal 
band dark brown. 

Underside, as above. 

Exp. 2^ inch. Hab. Amazon (Nauta). 

In the Colleclion of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA ANCHIALA. 162. 

Upperside. Male, dark l^rowu. Anterior wing with the basal half (except the 
margins and median nervure, which are black), orange : two spots (one trifid) before 
the apex, and a submarginal band of five spots, aU white. Posterior wing with the 
costal margin, and a band near the outer margin, orange. 

Exp. 2-2^ inch. Hab. Amazon (Pebas). 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This and the preceding species might readily be supposed to be further varieties only of 
I. Iphiauassa if they were not without the remarkable receptacle for hair possessed by that species 
where the wings meet. 



ITHOMIA APULEIA. 163. 

Upperside. Male, transparent rufous-white, the margins, nervures, and a band 
at the end of the cell, brown. Anterior wing with the costal margin rufous. 

Underside, with the margins and band all rufous, except the apex of the 
anterior wing and a spot near the middle of the costal margin, which are ochreous. 

Exp. 20-0 inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA ESPRIELLA. 164. 

Upperside. Eemale, semitransparent, rufous : the margins narrow, dark 
brown. Anterior wing crossed beyond the middle by a broad triangular band of 
yellow, marked on its inner border by two round black spots and a linear spot of 
brown : the apex clouded with brown, the nervures there black. Posterior wing 
crossed by three indistinct brown spots. 

Underside, as above, except that the outer margins are spotted with white. 

Exp. 2 inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

The nervures, which have been drawn black for the sake of their specific character, are rufous. 
r^ I H 



HELICONin^. — ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA ESTELLA. 165. 

Upperside. ]\Iale. Anterior wing dark brown, transparent at the base : crossed 
beyond the middle by a large oval white spot, and by a submarginal narrow indistinct 
band of orange. Posterior wing transparent, glossed with purple : the nervures 
black : the outer margin broad, dark brown, traversed l)y an orange band. 

Underside, as above, except that the orange band of the anterior wing is broad 
and distinct : that the costal margin of the posterior wing is orange : and that both 
wings have four or five white spots near the apex. 

Exp. 1^^ inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA SYLVELLA.. 166. 

Upperside. Male, transparent, glossy, rufous-white. The margins (except a 
portion of the costal and inner margins, which are rufous), the nervures (except the 
basal half of them), and a band at the end of the cell, dark brown : an oblong white 
spot on the costal margin outside the band. 

Underside, as above, except that the margins and band are all rufous : that 
there is a single white spot at the apex of each wing : and that the base of the 
costal margin of the posterior wing is yellow. 

Exp. 2-po inch. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This species and I. Apuleia scarcely differ except in the nervures of the posterior wing : they 
bear the same resemblance, that I. Cymothoe and Artena do to each other. 



ITHOMIA ZITELLA. 1G7. 

Upperside. Male, orange rufous. Anterior wing crossed beyond the middle 
by a zigzag band of yellow, bordered irregularly with dark brown : the inner margin 
and linear marginal spots between the nervures, dark brown. Posterior wing Avith 
broad rays of dark brown between the nervures. 

Underside, as above, except that both wings have a submarginal band of 
minute white spots between the nervures. 

Exp. 2-s-^ inch. Hab. Amazon (Nauta). 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA ADELINDA. 168. 

Upperside. Female, transparent : the anterior wing tinted wdth purple, the 
posterior wing with yellow : the nervures (except those at the middle of the posterior 
wing which are yellow) and margins black. Posterior wing with a large orange spot 
at the anal angle. 

Underside, as above, except that there are three white spots at the apex of the 
anterior wing, and a submarginal ])and of similar spots on the posterior wing. 

Exp. 2-0% inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Abundantly distinct from I. Apulia, which it most neai-ly resembles. 



ITHOMIA XXVll 




WCHewilsondd el Int April 1" 1869. 



]69 170. ITHOMIA CLEOMCA 

171. ITHOMIA GEDERA. 

172. ITHOMIA AZEKA. 



173 ITHOMIA ZAREPHA 
17^ ITHOMIA ALIDELLA. 
■]75 176 EHOIIA ZALMUNNA 



If & HFAiiliart imp 



HELICONIDJ^.. 
ITHOMIA XXVII. 



ITHOMIA CLEONICA. 169, 170. 

Upperside. Female, transparent lilac-white with the outer margins and band 
at the end of the cell brown. Anterior wing with the costal and inner margin 
rufous. Posterior wing tinted with yellow towards the inner margin. 

Underside with all the margins and the disco-celkdar band rufous. 

Exp. 2-i-(j inch. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

The highly-coloured var. has been kindly lent to rae from the Collection of Mr. Druce. The 
only diilerence between this species and I. Panthyale of Felder and I. Esula of Hewitson is in the 
arrangement of the nervures of the costal margin of the posterior wing. 160 c. represents those of 
Pauthvale and Esula, 169 d. those of Cleonica. 



ITHOMIA GEDERA. 171. 

Upperside. Female, transparent rufous-white : the margins, the disco-cellular 
band and nervures, black. Anterior wing with a broad band of white at the end of 
the cell, in which the nervures are also white. 

Underside with all the margins and band rufous bordered on both sides with 
black. Anterior wing with two white spots at the apex ; posterior wing with a mar- 
ginal series of white spots bordered with black. 

Male like the female, except that the margins and band are narrower, the white 
band almost confined to the costal margin, and that it is without the apical and 
marginal spots of the underside. 

Exp. 2^ inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collections of W. C. Hewitson and H. Druce. 



ITHOMIA AZEKA. 172 (not 173). 

Upperside. Male, anterior wing transparent lilac-white tinted with yellow 
at the base : the margins, a broken band in the cell, and the band at the end of the 
cell black. Posterior wing tinted with yellow : a spot on the costal margin and the 
outer margin dark brown. 

Underside as above, except that the anterior wing has a spot on the costal 
margin and the inner half of the outer margin rufous -. the apex with four distinct 
white spots. Posterior wing with the costal margin rufous, the outer margin 
traversed by a rufous band marked by six distinct white spots. 

Exp. 2 inch. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collections of H. Druce and W. C. Hewitson. 



HELICONIDjE. ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA AEGLE. 

Papilio Aegle, Fabricius. Genera Insectorum, p. 255. 

ItJiomia H'qjjiodamia, Ileivitson. Exot. But. I. PL 21, jo. 41. 

I am much indebted to Mr. Butler of the British Museum for enabling me to correct this error. 
I was not before aware that Fabricius had described species in his " Genera Insectorum." The 
description of Aegle is so exact as to distinguish it from the very nearly allied species now 
figured. 



ITHOMIA ZEREPHA. 173. 

Upperside, male, black. Anterior wing with eight transparent spots of IDac- 
white : the first at the base triangular, the second within the cell, the third (trifid) 
near the costal margin, three below this touching each other, and two near the apex- 
Posterior wing transparent, with the outer margin brown. 

Underside as above, except that the ajncal spots of the anterior wing are 
surrounded by a rufous band, and that the costal and outer margins of the posterior 
wing are traversed by a broad rufous band. 

Exp. 2^0 inch. Hab. Cayenne. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA ALIDELLA. 174. 

Upperside. Female, rufous-white : the margins and disco-cellular band dark 
brown. Anterior wing with a band of yellow at the end of the cell. 

Underside as above, except that all the margins and the centre of the band 
are rufous : the apex of each wing with a single white spot. 

Exp. 2-2-0 iiich. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Scarcely differs from Alida, except in the disco-cellular nervures of the anterior wing : ) 74a. 
represents those of Alida, 174i. those of Alidella. This t-pecies seems to agree nearly with Felder's 
description of Eulyra. He, however, says that it is considerably smaller than Cymothoe, which this is 
not, and that it has a submarginal series of white spots on the underside, which this is without. 



ITHOMIA ZALMUNNA. 175, 176. 

Upperside. Male, transparent, rufous : the outer margins and disco-cellular 
band dark brown. Anterior wing with the costal and part of the inner margin 
rufous. Posterior wing with four white spots on the outer margin. 

Underside as above, except that all the margins are rufous. 

Female like the male, except that the disco-cellular nervures of the posterior wing 
are banded with brown, and that its outer margin is much broader, and has six large 
white spots. 

Exp. 2\% inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Perhaps only a variety of I. Theudelinda. In this species the female has the colouring of the 
male of Theudelinda. 



nEiLi(D(n)Miii). 



[THOMIA.XXVIII. 




W,C.HewLt6ondd.ellLth Septp-ISFO 

I78.ITH0MIA ALPHESIBOEA 

-173. ITHOMIA EPONA. 

180, ITHOMIA TICIDA. 

181. ITHOMIA ALISSA. 



M *N llaT.hji-i-i"ip 



182 ITHOMIA LAMIA. 

183 ITHOMIA TICIDELLA. 

184. ITHOMIA THABENA. 

185. ITHOMIA AEGINETA. 



HELICONIDi^. 
ITHOMIA XXVIII. 



ITHOMIA ALPHESIBCEA. 178. ? 
Ithomia Alphesiboea, Hewiison. Equatorial Lejndopf era, p. 17, 1869. 

Upperside. Male, transparent. Anterior wing tinted with lilac from the base to the middle, 
rufous beyond it, with the costal margin, the inner margin, the nervures, and triangular spots on 
the outer margin at the end of the nervures, brown : the costal margin from the midclle to the apex 
rufous-orange. Posterior wing hlac-white, the outer margin broadly rufous : the costal margin, a 
spot at the apex, and a triangular s])ot on the second median nervule red-brown. 

Underside as above, except that the costal margin of the posterior v\'ing is broadly rufous, paler 
at its base. 

Exp. 2-fT) inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Mapoto, Buckley.) 

This species is altogether so much like I. Duillia that, but for its great inferiority iu size, I should have passed 
it as the same. On the anterior wing of I. Duillia the point or spur is emitted at the end of the cell from the 
second disco-cellular nervure, in I. Aliihenihita from the third, and what is very remarkable, because it occurs in the 
females only, the discoida! nervure 17Sa of the posterior wing of Alphesiboea emits a branch, whilst in Duillia 178b a 
similar branch is emitted from the subcostal nervure. 



ITHOMIA EPONA. 179. 
Ithomia Epona, Hcwitson. Eqnat. Lep.p. 19, 1869. 

Upperside. Male, transparent rufous-white : the nervures black. Anterior wing with 
the costal margin and apex rufous : the inner margin broadly dark brown rufous at the base : a 
triangular spot in the cell, a curved narrow band at the end of the cell, and spots on the outer margin, 
all black. Posterior wing with the outer margin brown. 

Underside as above, except that the margins are rufous, that there are three white spots on 
the apex of the anterior wmg, and a series of similar spots on the outer margin of the posterior 
wing ; that the base of the posterior wing is pale yellow bordered below W'ith black, and marked by 
the singular oval white spot which indicates the sex. 

Exp. 2^ inch. Hab. Ecuador. (St. Ines, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson and W. W. Sauuders. 



ITHOMIA TICIDA. 180. 
Itliomia Ticida, Hewitson. Eqiiat. Lep. p. 21, 1869. 

Upperside. Male, transparent rufous-white : the base of both wings tinted with orange : 
the nervures black, slender : the margins dark brown. Anterior wing with the usual costal spot 
obscure white. 

Underside as above, except that the costal margin near the apex of the anterior wing is rufous, 
that there are three subapical snow-white spots, and that the posterior wing has the base yellow, and 
a submarginal series of five white spots. 

Exp. 2 inch. Hab. Ecuador. (St. Ines, Buckley.) 

ISOc. Neuration of posterior wing. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

ITHOMIA ALISSA. 181. 

Itliomia Alissa, Hewitson. Equal. Lep. p. 22, 1869. 

Upperside. Eemale, transparent white : the nervures black. Anterior wing with the costal 
margin, a triangular curved spot at the end of the cell, the apex (which is broad), and the outer and 
inner margins, all black. A small white spot on the costal margin at the end of the cell. Posterior 
wing with the costal and outer margins bhick. 

Underside as above, except that the margins and band of the anterior wing are all rufous, and 
that each wing has two apical white spots. 

Exp. ly^y inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Rio Verdi, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

P F 

Published Jan aurj 1st, 1871.] 



IIELICOMD^. ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA LAMIA. 182. 
Ithomia Lamia, Hewitson. Eqiiat. Lep. p. 21, 1SG9. 

Upperside. Male, transparent Avhite, slightly tinted with yellow near the base. Both wings 
with the outer margin broadly brown traversed by a series of large white spots. Anterior wing 
with the costal and inner margins brown : crossed at the end of the cell by a band of brown which 
follows the second branch of the median nervure to the outer margin. Posterior wing with a 
similar but angular band of brown at the end of the cell, following the third branch of the median 
nervure. 

Underside as above, except that the costal margin of the posterior wing is yellow from its base 
to its middle. 

Exp. 1^% inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Curaray, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Much like I. Ethica of Hewitson, but with the neuration of both wings different. In Lamia the spur is on the 
second disco-cellular nervule of the anterior wincr. In Etliicu it is on the third. 



ITHOMIA TICIDELLA. 183. 

Ithomia TicideUa, Hewitson. Equat. Lep. p. 21, 1SG9. 

Upperside. Male, transparent white : the margins brown, narrow. Anterior wing with the 
inner border of the costal and inner margins rufous to the middle of the wing : the costal spot 
white. Posterior wing rufous near the inner margin. 

Underside as above, except that the margins are rufous-yellow, that the anterior wing has 
three apical white spots, and that the posterior wing has its base yellow, and a series of submarginal 
white spots in pairs. 

Exp. 2^(7 inch. Hab. Ecuador. (St. Ines, Buckley.) 

180d. Neuration of posterior winj^. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Neuration as in Sylvo, but without the band at the end of the cell of the anterior wing. 



ITHOMIA THABENA. 184. 
Ithomia Thaljcna, Hewitson. Eqi/nt. Lep. p. 18, 18G9. 

Upperside. Female, transparent : the nervures black. Anterior wing with a rufous tint : 
the costal margin (which is half rufous) and the outer margin (which is dentated inwardly) narrow, 
the inner margin (which is broad) and a band at the end of the cell, all dark brown : the spot on the 
costal margin white. Posterior wins; tinted with lilac, with the neuration of Zerliiia : the costal 
margin and the outer margin (which is very broad) dark brown. 

Underside as above, except that all the margins and the band at the end of the cell of the 
anterior wing are rufous, that the anterior wing has three minute apical spots of white, and that the 
posterior wing has a submarginal series of white spots in pairs : the apical spot largest and single. 

Exp. 2xo inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Rio Verdi, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA ^GINETA. 185. 
Ithomia JEgineta, Hexoitson. Equat. Lep. p. 17, 1869. 

Upperside. Eemale, transparent lilac-white, except the apical half of the anterior wing which 
is tinted with orange. Both wings Avith the margins broadly black : the outer margins (very broad 
on the posterior wing) dentated on the inner border : the nervures black, vei'y slender. Anterior 
wing with a large black spot at the end of the cell, and beyond it a rufous spot on the costal margin. 
Posterior wing with the neuration of Zerlina : a black spot on the costal margin at the end of the cell. 

Underside as above, except that both wings have a submarginal series of white spots in pairs, 
except at the apex and at the anal angle of the posterior wing, where they are single. Posterior 
wing with a white spot at the middle of the costal margin. 

Exp. 2^fy inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Rio Verdi, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ME lLI۩miBM 

ITHOMIA XXIX. 




■WC.Hemtson c3f.l,et,lillL. Sep*-l*>1870 ^ 

186. ITHOMIA PHAGE S]A. 

187. ITHOMIA AEMILIA- 

188. ITHOMIA ABIDA. 

189. ITHOMIA ACHAEA. 



M & N Hirihart Imp 



190. ITHOMIA AETHRA. 

191. ITHOMIA ANTONIA. 

192. ITHOMIA MAMERCUS. 

193. ITHOMIA VARINA. 



HELlCONlDJj:. 
ITHOMIA XXIX. 



ITHOMIA PHAGESIA. 186. 
ItJiomia Phacjesia, Hewitson. Equal. Lep.p. 16, 1S69. 

Uppekside. Male, semitransparent, with several white spots : the margins brown. Anterior 
whig brown : the base dark browri rufous near the median nervure : a spot in the cell, two bands, 
each of five spots parallel to the outer margin, the first of which commences on the costal margin by 
a trifid spot : the last spot of each band near the inner margin connected with each other. Posterior 
wing rufous, with a large transparent spot near the apex. The outer margin dark brown. 

Underside as above, except that the anterior wing has two apical white spots, and that the 
posterior wing has the base dark brown, and a subniarginal series of white spots. 

Exp. 2^0 hich. Hab. Ecuador. (Villano, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Very like I. Olyras of Felder. In Phagesia the spur is emitted from the upper disco-cellular nervule of the 
posterior wing, in Olyras from the lower. 

ITHOMIA EMILIA. 187. 
Itliomia jEinilia, Heioitson. Equal. Lcp. p. 15, 1869. 

Ufperside. Male, orange. Anterior wing with the base of the costal and inner margins, 
three spots in the cell, and the apex (which is broad) dark brown : a broad oblique sinuated band 
beyond the middle, and five subapical spots (two of them minute) pale yellow. Posterior wing with 
the neuration of I. Ninonia : a large brown spot at the anal angle. 

Underside as above, except that the posterior wing has the base of the costal margin yellow, 
and a band of dark brown near and parallel to the costal margin. 

Exp. 2-j^ inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Sarayaco, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA ABIDA. 188. 

Uppekside. Pemale. Anterior ^\ing black : orange from the base to the middle, except the 
margins, which are black : a bifid spot on the costal margin beyond its middle, a curved band of four 
spots and an apical series of six minute spots, all white. Posterior wing orange with an oblong 
central band and the outer margin black : a white spot at the apex. 

Underside as above, except that there is a rufous band near the anal angle of the posterior 
wing and a marginal series of white spots on the posterior wing. 

Exp. 2-/(7 inch. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA ACHiEA. 189. 
Ilhomia AcJiaa, Hewitson. Equal. Lep.p. 14, 1869. 

Upperside. Male, orange. Antennae yellow, with the base brown. Anterior wing with a 
band from the base, the base of the costal and inner margins, the apex (broadly), and two spots at 
the end of the cell, dark brown : a short band from the costal margin beyond its middle and a spot 
near the anal angle yellow. Posterior wing with the neuration of Cynanassa : dark brown, with a 
large spot of orange at the apex. 

Underside as above, except that there is a submarginal band of white spots on both wings, 
and that the base of the posterior wing is yellow. 

Exp. 2 inch. Plab. Ecuador. (Canelos, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 
Published, January 1st, 1871.] 



HELICONID^. ITHOMIA. 



ITflOMIA ^THRA. 190. 
Ithomia jEtlira, Hewitson. Eqiiaf. Lep. p. 15, 1869. 

Upperside. Male, dark brown. Anterior wing with the base orange, except the margins and 
a large triangular spot in the cell which are l)lack : a spot in the cell (near tlie end), an angular 
band of six spots (the first four touching each other), and a small spot at the apex, yellow. Posterior 
wing with the neuration of/. Cyrianassa : orange, with a longitudinal band of four spots, and the 
outer margin which is very narrow dark brown. 

Underside as above, except that the anterior wing has a subraarginal band of pale yellow 
spots, and that the posterior wing has three apical spots of the same colour, that it has a band of 
brown near the costal margin, and two ochreous spots bordered below with brown near the apex. 

Exp. 2^0 to 2i inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Curaray, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA ANTONIA. 191. 
Itliomia Antonia, Hewitson. Equat. Lep. p. 14, 1869. 

Upperside. Male, orange. Both wings with the outer margin broadly dark brown, traversed 
by a series of large yellow spots. Anterior wing with the costal and inner margins, a triangular 
spot in the cell, and a triangular spot below this black : a broad, short, irregular band of yellow from 
the costal margin beyond the middle bordered with black. Posterior wing with the neuration of 
/. TJiea : a longitudinal band of black spots at the middle. 

Underside as above, except that there is a band of brown near the costal margin of the pos- 
terior wing. 

Exp. 2-1% inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Jorge, Buckley.) 

In the Collectiou of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA MAMERCUS. 192. 
Itliomia Mamercus, Hewitson. Equat. Lep. p. 13, ISGO. 

Upperside. Male, orange. Anterior wing crossed beyond the middle by a broad irregular 
band of yellow, sinuated on both sides : the base of the costal margin, a band at the base of the 
inner margin, a triangular spot between them, three spots (one minute) near the middle, and the 
apex which is broad, all black. Posterior wing with the neuration of /. Ninonia : a band, a large 
spot at the anal angle, and a small spot near it, black. 

Exp. 2/o to 2-1% inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Sarayaco, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

I shall have, I believe, to consider this species as a variety of /. Mansnetns. They do not differ in the neuration of 
the wings. 

ITHOMIA VARINA. 193. 

Ithomia Varina, Hnvitson. Equat. Lep. p. 15, 1869. 

Upperside. Male, seniitransparent, rufous : the margins dark brown. Anterior wing unusually 
long, with the l)ase rufous : a brown spot at the middle of the cell : crossed near the middle by a 
broad palmate band of pale yellow marked by two brown spots and divided into six parts by the 
nervures : the apical half brown, with the nervures black. Posterior wing with the outer margin 
brown, narrow. 

Underside as above, except that there are two minute white spots at the apex of each wing. 

Exp. 3 inch. Hab. Ecuador. (St. Ines, Buckley.) 

193a. Neuration of posterior wing. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



MIELIISeMIIBJE o 

ITHOMIA.XX 






\ "7 




\ / 





L' riev.nuon. lieLetliiK - 



MtJJHarJiart imp 



194 
19 5 ITHOMIA KUSA 

196 ITHOMIA SEBA. 

197 ITHOMIA EGLA 



ITHOMIA OZIA. 

198- ITHDMIA EENA. 

199 . ITHOMIA ILERDINA Var . 

200 ITHDMIA LOTA. 



H E L I C O M D tE. 

ITHOMIA/XX. 



ITHOMIA OZIA. 194. 

Ithomia Ozia, Hewitson. Trans. Ent. Soc.p. 155, 1870. 

TJpPERSiDE. ]\Iale, transparent yellow-white ; the nervures which are slender 
and the margins black. Anterior wing with a triangular band at the end of the cell; 
the spot ou the costal margin oblong, pale yellow. 

Underside. As above, except that the outer margins are traversed by a rufous 
band forming sagittate spots at the ends of the nervures of the posterior wing. 
Anterior wing with three minute apical white spots. Posterior wing with a marginal 
series of five white spots. 

Exp. 2 inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Granadillas, Villagomes.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 
Neuration of I. Zerlina. 



ITHOMIA KUSA. 195. 



IJpPERSiDE. Male, dark brown. Both wings with a submarginal series of white 
spots. Anterior wing with three transparent pale yellow spots ; one large, triangular 
from the base outwards, one below this between the medium uervules, the third 
subapical, large, oval, and quinquefid. Posterior wing with the basal half transparent 
pale yellow. 

Underside as above. 

Exp. 1^^ inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Closelv alied to /. Zihia. and with the same neuration. 



ITHOMIA SEBA. 196. 



Upperside- Female, transparent white, tinted with blue in a favoui'able hght. 
The margins dark brown. Anterior wing with a broad triangular band at the end of 
the cell, and the second branch of the median nervure, which is broad, black : a small 
white spot at the end of the cell. 

Underside as above, except that the margins are traversed by a rufous band, and 
that there is a linear white subapical spot on the anterior wing. 

Exp. ly^ inch. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Neuration as in I. Utilla, which it very closely resembles, differing from it in the broad brown 
apex and broad median nervule. 

Published 1st January, 1872.] 



HELICONID^. ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA EGLA. 197. 

UppEiisiDE. Male, transparent white, the margins and nervures dark brown. 
Anterior wing crossed beyond the middle by a broad band of orange : a brown band 
at the end of the cell : the median nervules broad and between them near the outer 
margin two white spots. 

Underside as above, except that the apex of the anterior wing has three spots 
of white, and that the costal and outer margins of the posterior wing are traversed by 
a band of orange. 

The female does not differ from the male. 

Exp. 1-j^ inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Bucldey.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Very near to I. Gidonia, differing from it chiefly in the neuration of the posterior wing of the 
female. ]97a represents Cidonia, 197b Egla. 



ITHOMIA KENA. 198. 



Upperside. Male, dark brown. Anterior wing with eight transparent white 
spots : two in the cell, one below these, three (the upper one trihd) in a band beyond 
the middle, and two subapical : a rufous band near the apex and outer margin. 
Posterior wing transparent, the outer margin broad traversed by a rufous band. 

Undekside as above, except that the costal margin of the anterior wing is rufous. 

The female does not differ from the male. 

Exp. 1-nj inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 
Neuration of llerda and Flora. 



ITHOMIA ILERDINA. Var. 199. 



ITHOMIA LOTA. 200. 



UppEiisiDE. Male, transparent white. Anterior wing with the margins, a band 
across the cell, a broad band at the end of the cell and the second and third median 
nervules which are broad, dark brown : a band of orange near the outer margin. 
Posterior wing with the outer margin broad traversed by a rufous band. 

Underside as above, except that the apex of each wing has two or three white 
spots and that the costal margin of the posterior wing is orange. 

Exp. 1 g-Q- inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 
Neuration of Flora and llerda. 



MELIKDOMIIBl 

ITHOMIA XXI 




'.I eL liti. 

201 . ITHOMIA 

Ca2 , ITHOMIA 

203 . ITHOMIA 

204- . ITHOMIA 



ILicKHanKaA i 



PRO NUBA 
ANTE A. 
HARBONA. 
LVC RA . 



205TTHOMIA CGiNINA, 
20B ITHOMIA THEUJDA . 
2 07 ITHOMIA PRAXILLA 
208 ITHOMIA TABERA 



H E L I C O N I D .E. 

ITHOMIA. KXXI. 



ITIIOMIA PEONUBA. 201. 
Ithomia Fronuha, Hewifson. Trans. Entom. Soc.p. 156, 1S70. 

Upperside. Male, transparent : the margins broad, dark brown, especially on 
the posterior wing ; the nervures black. Anterior wing with the costal margin near 
the base rufons : the band at the end of the cell triangular, broad : a large white 
spot beyond it reaching the third median nervule, the nervures crossing it white. 

Underside. Rufous where brown above. Anterior wing with three apical 
Avhite spots. Posterior wing with a marginal series of white spots, bordered with 
black. 

Female (fig. 201) like the male, except that it is suffused with black, bordering 
the median ncrvure and the white spot, and that the w'hite spot is extended (but less 
distinct) to the first median nervule. 

Exp. 2-nj inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Granadillas, Vihagomes.) 

Neuration of Zerlina, of which it is probably a variety. Some small males much resemble 
specimens of I. Artena. 

ITHOMIA ANTEA. 202. 
Ithomia Jniea, Hewifson. Equat. Lep. p. 20. 

Upperside. jMale, transparent lilac-white. The nervures and margins, which 
are broad, blue-black. Anterior wing with three or four subapical white spots. 

Underside as above, except that the base of the posterior wing is yellow, and 
that both wings have a submarginal series of white spots. 

Antennpe with the club rufous. Body below yellow. 

Female like the male, except that it has the disco-cellular nervures of the 
posterior wing arranged differently (as in fig. 207 of the plate), and that there are 
some minute white spots near the outer margin. 

Exp. 3 inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Rio Topo, Buckley.) 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA HARBONA. 203. 
Ithomia Harbona, Ihncitson. Equat. Lep. p. 18. 
Upperside. Male, transparent lilac-white. The nervures, the margins, which 
'are broad, black. Anterior wing with a narrow band at the end of the cell, and three 
subapical white spots. 

Underside as above, except that the margins are rufous and that both wings 
have a series of white spots near the outer margin. 

Exp. 2-1% inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Mapoto, Buckley.) 
In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 
Neuration of I. Inachia. 

ITHOMIA LYCORA. 204. 
Ithomia Lycora, Hewitson. Equat. Lep. p. 79. 
Upperside. INIale, transparent lilac-white. The margins dark brown, broad : 
the nervures slentler, black. Anterior Aving with two dull white subapical spots. 

Underside as above, except that both wings have a series of white spots near 
the outer margin. 

Club of the antennte rufous. 

Exp. \-^ inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Mapoto, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

<; 

Published 1st January, 1S72.] 



HELlCONIDiE. ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA C(ENINA. 205. 
Ithomia Ccenina, Hewifsou. Equat. Lcp.p. 20. 

Upperside. Male, transparent rufous-wliite, very glossy : the margins dark 
brown, broad : the nervurcs slender, black. 

Underside as above, except that the anterior wing has three subapical white 
spots, and that the posterior wing has a series of large white spots on the onter 
margin. 

Exp. 1-1% inch. Ilab. Ecnador. (St. Ines, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Neuration of 1. OrestiUa. 

ITHOMIA THEUDA. 20G. 

Upperside. Male, transparent yellow-white : the margins bhic-black, broad : 
the nervures slender, black. Anterior wing with two indistinct subapical white spots. 
Posterior wing pale yellow. 

Underside as above, except that both wings have a series of white spots near 
the outer margin, minute on the anterior wing exce})t at the apex, and that the 
base of the costal margin of the posterior wing is yellow. Antennse black. Body 
below yellow. Neuration of IpManassa. 

Female like the male, except that the margins are much broader. 

Exp. 2tq7 inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This is, probably, a variety of /. Adelinda wanting the scarlet anal spot of the posterior wing. 
Another differs from Theuda in having the club of the antennae yellow and wants the yellow tint of 
the posterior wing. For this I propose the name of Ithomia Linda. It is from Ecuador. It is a 
curious fact that, in the species or varieties of this group, when the club of the anteunfe is yellow, the 
wings are destitute of that colour, and vice versa. 



ITHOMIA PRAXILLA. 207. 
Ithomia Praxilla, Hewitson. Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 155, 1870. 

Upperside. Female, transparent lilac-white. The nervures very fine, black. 
The margins (except at the anal angle of the posterior wing, which is rufous-orange) 
blue-black, broad : the outer margin traversed by a series of minute white spots, 
sometimes absent on the anterior wing except at the apex. Antenna3 and body 
below black. 

Underside as above, except that there is a lilac-white spot at the base of the 
posterior wing. 

Exp. 2-1% inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Churuyaco, Villagomes.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA TABERA. 208. 
Ithomia Tabera, Hewitson. Equat. Lcp.p. 19. 

Upperside. Male, transparent lilac-white : the margins and nervures black. 
Both wings with some apical white spots. Anterior wing with a broad oblique band 
in the cell and a narrow angular band at the end of the cell dark brown : the dis- 
coidal nervures curved and broad near the outer margin : the usual spot on the costal 
margin and a second spot near the apex white. Posterior wing with the outer margin 
very broad. 

Undkrside as above, except that the margins and band of the anterior wing are 
all rufous, that those of the posterior wing are traversed by a band of the same 
colour, and that both wings have a submarginal series of distinct white spots. 

Exp. 2i% inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Mapoto, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Neuration and appearance of I. Makrena, of which it is probably only a variety. 



ITHOMIA XXXII. 






W.C Hewitson del A IiUi Au^'^J874-. 



MAN .Hanha-rb-itty. 



209. ITHOMIA CYRCILLA. 

210. ITHOMIA CLEOMELLA 213 ITHOMIA CRISPIHA , 

211. ITHOMIA TORQUATILLA 2-14. ITHOMIA CYTHA.RISTA 

212. ITHOMA PUPILLA, 215. ITHOMIA CRINIPPA, 



HELICONID.E. 
ITHOMIA. XXXII. 



ITHOMIA CYRCILLA. 209. . 

TJppERSiDE. Teniale transparent rufous-wbite : anterior wing with the costal 
margin rufous : a band at the end of the cell, the outer margin and nervures dark 
brown, an indistinct band of lilac-brown at the middle of the cell. Posterior wing 
with a band at the disco-cellular nervules and the outer margin which is broad and 
irregular dark brown, two minute white spots near the apex. 

Underside as above except that the bands and margins are all rufous. 

Exp. 2^ inch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collectiou of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOIMIA CLEOMELLA. 210. 



Upperside. Female transparent rufous-whitc. Anterior wing with a broad 
band at the end of the cell, the nervures and all the margins dark brown. Posterior 
wing with a band at the discoidal nervules and the outer margin which is broad 
black : a submarginal series of white spots. 

Underside as above except that there are three white spots at the apex of the 



anterior wmg. 



Exp. 3 inch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 
In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA TORQUATILLA. 211. 

Upperside. Male transparent lilac-white : the margins and nervures dark 
brown. Anterior wing mth a band of dark brown at the middle and end of the 
cell. Posterior wins: with a band between the discoidal and median nervures. 

Underside as above except that the bands and margins are all rufous. 

Exp. 2-1% inch. Hab. Bohvia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

T 

Published October 1st, 1S74.] 



HELICONID^. — ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA PUPILLA. 212. 

UppERSiDE. Male transparent rufous-white with the margins brown. Anterior 
wing with the costal margin near the apex rufous : a short band in the cell and a 
band at the end of the cell dark brown. 

Underside as above except that the bands and margins are rufous. 

Exp. 2-2-0 i"ch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA CHRISPINA?. 213. 

Upperside. Male transparent yellow: the margins dai'k brown, the outer margins 
broad traversed by a series of white spots : the nervures towards the margin broad 
dark brown. Anterior wing with the base orange, a spot in the cell and a band at 
the end of the cell dark brown. 

Underside as above, except that the base of the anterior wing is not orange. 
Female like the male except that the anterior wings are broader. 

Exp. 2-2% inch. Hab. New Granada (Villagomes). 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA CYTHARISTA. 214. 

Upperside. Female. Anterior wing transparent rufous-white : the margins and 
a band at the end of the cell dark brown : two white spots at the apex. Posterior 
wing lilac-white the outer margin broadly dark brown and traversed by a series of 
white spots. 

Underside as above except that the margins are rufous : the outer margin of 
the posterior wing and the submarginal spots bordered with brown. 

Exp. 2-^ inch. Hab. Peru (Chanchamayo, Thamm). 

In the Collection of Dr. Staudinger. 



ITHO.MIA CRINIPPA. 215. 

Upperside. Male transparent rufous-white with the margins and nervures dark 
brown. Anterior wing with the costal margin rufous : a spot in the cell and a band 
at the end of it dark brown. 

Underside as above except that the margins and band are all rufous. 

Exp. S^^j inch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA XXXIII, 



\ ,,. / 






W C KewiUcji ad et.lith A^^■ 1874 . 



M&'N"j^sjih<art. 



imp 



216 . ITHOMIA TALIATA. 

217 ITHOMIA STATILLA 220 ITHOMIA CANILLA 

218 ITHOMIA THIRA '221 ITHOMIA ELLARA 
219, ITHOMIA VERTICILLA 222 ITHOMIA BERONILLA 



H E L I C O NM D Ji. 

ITHOMIA. XXIII. 



ITHOMIA TALIATA. 216. 

Uppekside. Male dark brown. Botli wings with a submarginal series of 
white spots. Anterior with the cell (which is marked by a band of black) a curved 
band of six spots beyond the middle and a subapical band of four spots all trans- 
parent lilac-white. Posterior wing with a broad band of the same colour. 

Underside as above except that it is rufous where brown above. 

Exp. 2-jf inch. Hab. Peru (Chanchamayo, Thamm). 

In the Collection of Dr. Staudinger. 

Nearlj' allied to I. Atlalia, from which it differs chiefly in the length of the middle disco-cellular 
iiervule of the posterior wing. In Attalia it is three times as long as in Taliata. 



ITHOMIA STATILLA. 217. 



Uppeuside. Female transparent lilac-white. Anterior wing with the margins 
and nervures dark brown : a submarginal series of indistinct spots except at the 
apex where they are white. Posterior wing yellow near the base: the margins which 
are very broad dark brown. 

Underside as above except that both wings have a submarginal series of dis- 
tinct white spots. 

Exp. 2-o% inch. Hab. Peru (Chanchamayo, Thamm). 

In the Collection of Dr. Staudinger. 

Besides the difference of form this species differs from I. Coeno in the ueuratiou of the posterior 



wuig. 



ITHOMIA THIRA. 218. 



Upperside. ]\Iale transparent rnfous-white. Anterior wing with a band at 
the end of the cell continued down the second median nervule and the margins 
dark brown : a large white spot at the end of the cell. Posterior wing with the 
nervures and apex dark brown, the outer margin rufous. 

Underside as above except that the margins and band are rufous and that 
each wing has two spots of white at the apex. 

Exp. 1^^ inch. Hab. Peru (Chanchamayo, Thamm). 

In the Collection of Dr. Staudinger. 
Very near to /. Ithra of the Amazons. 



ITHO^HA VERTICILLA. 219. 

Upperside. Male transparent lilac-white: the margins and nervures dark 
brown. Anterior wina; with a dark brown band at the end of the cell and beyond 
it a spot of white. 

Pvhiished Oclober ls(, 1S74.] 



HELICOXID.^. — ITHOMIA. 



Underside as above except that the margins and band are rufous and that 
each wing has two white spots at the apex. 

Exp. I-/0 inch. Hab. Peru (Chanchamayo, Thamm). 

In the Collection of Dr. Staudinger. 

This species whicli is also in the Warsaw Museum has been sent to me with other species to 
name by M. Nicolas Erschoff of St. Petersburg who has very kindly left it to me to figure and describe. 



ITHOMIA CANILLA. 220. 



Upperside. Female pale transparent yellow with nervnres of the same colour 
the margins dark brown. Anterior wing with the outer half lilac-white upon which 
the nervures are black. Posterior wing with the nervures towards the outer 
margin black. 

Underside as above except that the margins are rufous, that the anterior 
Aving has two bifid white spots at the apex and that the posterior wing has a marginal 
series of similar spots. 

Exp. 2^- inch. Hab. Peru. (Chanchamayo, Thamm). 

Ill the Collections of Dr. Staudinger and W. C. Hewitson. 

The kindness of Dr. Staudinger has enabled me to add to the long series of ItJiomias the very 
interesting species figured in the accompanying plates. 



ITHOMIA ELLARA. 221. 



Upperside. Male black. Both wings with the margins and nervures black, 
the outer margin which is broad traversed by a series of white spots. Anterior wing 
with two spots in the cell, (one triangular) and a band of five large spots beyond 
the middle transparent lilac-white : a small white spot on the costal margin. 
Posterior wing with a spot in the cell and a central band of transparent lilac- 
white. 

Underside as above except that the margins and bands are rufous bordered 
with black. 

Exp. 2^ inch. ilab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 
Very like the female of Avclla. 



ITHOMIA BERONILLA. 222. 



Upperside. Eemale. Anterior wing with the base rufous-orange : crossed 
before the middle by a trifid band of yellow marked where it crosses the cell by a 
black spot : outer half of the wing semitransparent dark brown with a spot near 
the costal margin, three spots near the apex and two minute spots near the outer 
margin pale yellow. Posterior wing rufous-orange the outer margin broadly brown. 

Underside as above except that the anterior wing has three or four white spots 
at the apex and that the posterior wing has a brown spot at the base, a brown spot 
at the nuddle of the costal margin followed by a spot of yellow and a series of sub- 
marginal white spots. 

Exp. 2-1% inch. Hab. New Granada (Villagomes). 

Probably only a large variety of /. Ayrippiua to which it is nearly allied. 



IHlE]LI(C®MLf rD)j!£o 

ITHOMIA XXXIV. 



I 



\ 2?6 ^ 







• V'-y 




"W.CHewitson del cl.Mh- IS'/S 

223. 
224. 
■225. 
226, 



M 4 N .ti ariharL la^ . 



ITHOMIA ZURIPPA. 

ITHOMIA DISP.^NA. 

ITHOMIA CATILLA. 

ITHOMIA DIDYMyEA. 



227: ITHOMIA S'iTPHIS. 

228. ITHOMIA DOLABELLA 

220. ITHOMIA CANTnHRICA, 

230. ITHOMIA PHILETtERA 



HELICONID.E 
ITHOMIA. XXXIV. 



ITHOMIA ZURIPPA. 223. 

TIppERSiDE. Female. Anterior wing black with the base rufous-orange : a 
black spot in the cell, a spot at the end of the cell, two spots between this and the 
outer margin, and a large qnadrifid spot near the apex, yellow. Posterior wing 
rufous-orange crossed by a transverse band of three black spots : the outer margin 
black dentated inwardly. 

Underside as above except that both wings have a submarginal series of white 
spots : that the anterior wing has a small yellow spot below the apical spot and that 
the posterior wing has the costal margin, a spot in the cell and a transverse band of 
seven spots all dark brown. 

Exp. 2^ inch. Hab. Bohvia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA DISPAENA. 224. 

Upperside. Female, transparent lilac-white tinted with yellow on the outer 
half of the anterior wing -. the ncrvures black. Anterior wing with the costal margin 
rufous a band at the end of the cell and the outer margin which is dentated 
inwardly dark brown. Posterior wing with the costal margin and the outer margin 
which is deeply sinnated on its inner border, dark brown. 

Underside as above except that the brown is rufous and that the posterior 
wing has a series of white spots on the outer margin. 

Exp. 2i inch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA CATILLA. 225. 

Upperside. j\Iale dark brown. Both wings with a submarginal series of white 
spots indistinct on the posterior wing. Anterior wing with the base rufous marked 
by two triangular black spots : crossed at the middle by a broad band of yellow 
sinuated on both sides. Posterior wing rufous with a transverse band and the 
outer margin dark brown. 

Underside as above except that there are some rufous spots beyond the yellow 
band of the anterior wing. 

Exp. 2-/0 inch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA DIDYM^EA. 226. 

Upperside. Female transparent lilac-white. Anterior wing with the margins^ 
a linear spot (not always) in the cell, a broad triangular band at the end of the cell 
and the second branch of the median nervure black : crossed beyond the middle by 
a broad band of white. Posterior wing with the margins dark brown. 

Male differs only in the neuration of the posterior wing. 

c c 

Published January \st, 1876.] 



HELICONID^. ITHOMIA. 



Underside as above except that the brown is traversed by a rufous band. 
Exp. 2 incli. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 
In the Collection of W. C. Hewitsou. 



ITHOMIA SYLPHIS. 227. 
Heliconia Si/lj]Jii». Gutrin, Jconcs Hecjne Animal Insects, texte, page 471. 

Upperside. Male transparent lilac-white, the margins and uervures dark 
brown, a broad triangular band which includes the second median nervule dark 
brown. 

Underside as above except that the brown is rufous and that the posterior 
wing has two white spots at the apex. 

Exp. 2 inch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of \V. C. Hexvitson. 



ITHO]\IIA DOLABELLA. 228. 

Upperside. Male. Anterior wing black Avith a large triangular transparent 
lilac-white spot in the cell crossed by an indistinct band of brown : a transverse 
irregular band and two spots near the apex white. Posterior wing transparent 
Idac-white, the outer margin (which is traversed by an indistinct rufous Ijand) and 
the nervures black. 

Underside as above except that the black is traversed by rufous bands and that 
both wings have an apical series of three bitid lilac-white spots. 

Female does not differ from the male. 

Exp. 2-i^ inch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 



ITHOMIA C.\NTOBRICA. 229. 

Upperside. Female. Anterior wing dark brown, the base rufous with a 
triangular black spot in the cell : crossed beyond the middle by an irregular band 
and spot of yellow and a submarginal series of yellow spots. Posterior wing rufous 
with the outer margin which is dentated inwardly and a short central band dark 
brown. 

Underside as above except that the anterior wing has rufous longitudinal striae 
between the band and the apex : that the central band of the posterior wing is longer 
and bordered above with yellow and that there is a submarginal series of white spots. 

Exp. 2t,% inch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA PHILETAERA. 230. 

Upperside. Female. Both wings with the basal half rufous-orange, the outer 
half black : both with a submarginal series of yellow spots. Anterior wing with a 
large irregular sinuated central yellow spot deeply indented at the costal margin 
and bordered inwardly by two triangular black spots. 

Underside as above except that the submarginal spots (save three at the apex 
of the anterior wing) are white. 

Exp. 2-^7 inch. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



BLMlLlLCQmiL'BM. 

nUOlMA XXXV. 




\ 235 / 



\-/ 



\ 236 / 



WCHewitsott dcLetlitli. April 1375. 

231 .ITHOMIA G-M^ATA 
232.ITH0MIA CLEOBULINA 
233 ITHOMIA DSUNA. 
234. ITHOMIA CLAUSINA. 



M&.Ntfeiiliart imp. 



235 . ITHOMIA ARZALIA. 

236 ITHOMIA DOMIDUCA 

237 ITHOMIA MANTURA 
2-38. ITHOMIA DERONDA. 



HELIGONIDJ^. 

ITHOMIA. XXXV. 



ITHOMTA GALATA. 5 231. 
liJiomia GaJata. ? ffetcitson, Exotic Butterflies, Vol. I. Plate XXI.flcj. 73. 
Upterside. Male transparent tinted with IQac, the nervures black. Anterior wing with 
the margins black : crossed at the end of the cell by a In-oad nnequal black liand continued 
below the median nervm-e between its second and third branches, the second branch broader 
than the rest : a white spot on the costal margin. Posterior wing with the outer margin, 
except towards the apex which is dai'k brown, rufous bordered with brown. 

Female like the male except that it has only a small rufous space near the anal angle. 
Exp. 1^^ inch. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

The female uliicb I figured before is without the rufous space near the anal angle, and is most likelj a 
variety. 

ITHOMIA CLEOBULINA. 232. 

Upperside. Female transparent, the nervures black. Anterior wing with the margins 
dark brown : the cell lilac-white -. the rest of the wing rufous-white crossed in and at the end 
of the cell by bands of black. Posterior wing lilac-white with a triangular spot on the costal 
margin and the outer margin which is broad, black. 

Underside as above except that it is rufous and that there are three spots at the apex 
and one near the anal angle of the anterior wing, and six marginal spots on the posterior wing, 
most of them bifid, 

Exp. 3 inch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 



ITHOMIA OSUNA. 233. 

Upperside. Male transparent rufous-white, the margins dark brown. Anterior wing 
crossed at the middle and end of the cell by bands of black : the band at the end of the cell 
continued by the second median nervure to the outer margin. Posterior wing with a band 
at the end of the cell, and a band on the third median nervure nearly united. 

Underside as above except that there is a submarginal row of white spots on both 
wings, indistinct on the anterior wing except at the apex. 

Exp. 2-2-0 i"ch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA CLAUSINA. 234. 

Upperside. IMale transparent rufous-white, the nervures and margins (except the costal 
margin of the anterior wing Avhich is rufous from the base to the middle) dark brown. 
Anterior wing with a narrow triangular band of dark brown at the end of the cell, followed on 
the costal margin by an oblong spot of bright yellow : the base of the discoidal nervures also 
yellow. 

Underside as above except that the margins and bands are rufous and that there are two 
white spots at the apex of the anterior wing and one at the apex of the posterior wing. 

Female like the male except that the inner margin of. the anterior wing is rufous. 

Exp. l-i-§ inch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

Near to 7. Lilla, but differs from it in the greater length of the wing from the cell to the apex and in having 
two discoidal nervures whilst /. L,illa has only one. 

F F 

Published July Isr, 1876.] 



HELICONID^. ITHOMIA. 



ITHOMIA ARZALIA. 235. 

Upperside. Female transparent rnfous-white, the margins dark brown, a triangular band 
at the end of the cell followed by a broad band of white, bounded by the third branch of the 
median nervure : the second branch of the median nervure broadly black. 

Underside as above except that the bands are all more or less rufous, and that both wings 
have two or three indistinct white spots at the apex. 

Exp. 1-1% inch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C Hewitson. 

Too close, perhaps, to I. Timna, but differs from it on the posterior wing, Timna has two discoidal nervures, 
I. Arzalia has but one. 



ITHOMIA DOMIDUCA. 236. 



Upperside. Female black, marked by transparent lilac-white spots. Anterior wing with 
a large triangular spot occupying nearly the whole of the cell, a triangular spot below it : two 
transverse bands of spots (some of which are united) beyond the middle and three white spots at 
the apex. Posterior wing crossed beyond the middle by a broad sex-partite transparent band. 

Underside as above except that all the bands and margins are traversed by rufous bands 
and that there is a marginal series of white spots (bifid except near the apex). 

Exp. 2-/j inch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA MANTURA. 237. 



Upperside. Female transparent rufous-white, the margins and nervures dai-k brown. 
Anterior wing crossed at the middle and end of the cell by broad bands of dark brown : the 
second and third branches of the median nervure broader than the rest. Posterior wing with 
a brown band at the end of the cell, the second and third median branches broader than 
the rest : the outer margin, near the apex, marked by three white spots. Apex of antennae 
orange. 

Underside as above, except that there are two or three white spots at the apex of the 
anterior wing and seven on the outer margin of the posterior wing. 

Exp. 2-1% uich. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ITHOMIA DERONDA. 238. 



Upperside. Female transparent, the nervures black. Anterior wing tinted with lilac on 
the basal half, with yellow on the apical half, crossed at the middle and end of the cell by broad 
bands of black, a black spot on the costal margin near the apex, the median nervure and its second 
and third branches and the outer margin black. Posterior wing lilac-white, the costal margin, 
a triangular spot at its middle and the outer margin which is broad especially between the 
branches of the median nervure, black. 

Underside as above, except that the bands and spots are partly rufous chiefly on the 
nervures of the posterior wing, that there are three white spots on the apex of the anterior wing 
and a marginal series on the posterior wing all bifid. 

Exp. 3-1% inch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



. ACRJ^.A 1. 







^^^^■, 



Pra»ledi>vHuJh]a*zidtJ.tW;-.Hcn. 



■« /.A^tJ-. 



A C R ^ I D .E. 

ACRiEA. Fabricius. 



ACRiEA ABDERA. 1, 2. 

Upperside. Anterior wiug with the base, costa, aud apical half dark brown, the 
rest crimson, with seven black spots, the lowest two minute, the outer one large and 
placed upon the margin of the brown. Posterior wing crimson, with the base brown, 
the outer margin, which is broad and sinuated inside, together with several round spots 
near the base, very black. 

Underside. Anterior wing nearly as above but lighter, the crimson extending to 
the base, with a minute black spot upon it. Posterior wing light crimson, with a nearly 
white transverse baud below the middle, the basal half with eighteen very black spots ; 
upon the black of the outer margin a row of round white spots. 

Expan. 2-^ in. Hab. Fernando Po. 

In tlie Collection of W. W. Saunders. 

Nearly allied to P. Egina of Cramer, as well as to A. Perenna of Doubleday figured in the " Genera 
of Diurnal Lepidoptera." 



ACRiEA ACTIACA. 3. 

Upperside of a beautiful light crimson-orange. The greater part of the costal margin 
of the anterior wing, and the outer margin of both wings (that of the posterior wing 
broadly so), dark brown. Anterior wing with five spots before the middle, and a belt 
beyond it black. Posterior wing with nineteen black spots. 

Underside as above, but lighter, the outer margin of the posterior wing with a 
row of semicircular white spots. 

Expan. 1^ in. Hab. Natal. 

In the Collection of W. W. Saunders. 



ACRvEA ALCIOPE. 4, 5. 6 ? 
Upperside. Anterior wing brown, crossed by a band of brick-red (the outer margin 
deeply sinuated, the inner margin with three black spots), reaching from the costa 



ACRiEID^ ACRjEA. 

beyond the end of the cell to the inner margin, the same colour extending to the base 
below the median nervure. Posterior wing brick-red, broadly margined with brown, 
with three or four small black spots near the base. 

UxDERSiDE much lighter, almost white across the middle of the wings. Base of the 
posterior wing with eleven small black spots. 

Expan. 2^^^^ in. Hab. West Africa. 

Female yellow where the male is red, the base of the posterior wing clouded with 
light brown, the spots more distinct. 

In the Collection of W. W. Saunders. 



ACRiEA AGANICE. 6. 

Upperside. Anterior wing dark brown, crossed a little beyond the middle by a 
narrow siuuated band of white, divided by nervures into five unequal parts, followed, 
near the anal angle, by a small triangular white spot. Posterior wing with the base 
rufous spotted with black, the middle crossed by a broad band of yellow white, the 
lower margin broadly bordered with light brown. 

Underside lighter, the nervures and lines between them more distinct, the spots at 
the base more distinct, and seventeen in number. 

Expan. 2^ in. Hab. Natal. 

In the Collection of W. W. Saunders. 



ACRiEA ALCIONE. 7. 

Upperside brown. Anterior wing, which is the darkest, with the basal half, except 
the costal margin, light ochreous yellow, sinuated at the margin and divided by black 
nervures, followed by an indistinct narrow band of the same colour, from which it is 
separated by a band of black. 

Underside, with the whole space, which is brown above, of a dirty indistinct yellow, 
the nervures, and lines between each of them, black. 

Expan. 2 in. Hab. Quito. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. G. Hewitson. *• 



ACmJ&ABM. 





\ '. / 







WC-He-vrtta 



PnirtwJ liyHrdlmaiidel t WJtin 



JU 



•-8 

\GR^ANP . 
ACRiCA CKRAS-' 



A AGIK,. 

11 12. acr^:a esebria. 
13. acr^ a nebulo sa 



A C R J: A D M. 

ACR/EA. 11. 



ACRyEA ACIPIIA. 8. 

Upperside. Male black. Anterior wing crossed transversely near the middle 
by a broad irregular band of orange, sinuated on both sides, and marked at tlu^ end 
of the cell by a black spot. Posterior wing glossed with blue. 

Underside as above, except that the orange band is much paler and extended 
inwardly nearly to the base : that the posterior wing is so much lighter that the 
nervures and the rays between them are visible, some of the rays, especially near the 
costal margin, rufous. 

Female much larger, the upperside brown, the band of the anterior wing 
dull yellow, the underside light brown, with the nervures and rays between then\ 
black, the [josterior wing crossed beyond the miildle by an indistinct band of paler 
colour. 

Expan. i 2^, ? 2^,; in. Ilab. Ncav Grenada, 
lu the Collectious of W. VV. Saunders and W. C. Hewilsou. 



ACR^EA NECODA. 9. 



Upperside. Semitransparent, the outer margins dark brown. Anterior wing 
light brown, chiefly towards the margins, marked with nine black sjjots : one at the 
middle of the cell, a second below it : one at the end of the cell, and two below it 
(between it and the anal angle) : an oblique band of four beyond the middle, forming 
the inner boundary of a band of white, divided by the nervures which arc black. 
Posterior wing, rufous, paler near the outer margin, with four or five black spots near 
the base ; crossed near the middle by a curved band of eight black spots : the ner- 
vures and the rays between them dark brown. 

Underside as above with the spots near the base of the posterior wing more 
distinct, and to the number of eight. 
Expan 2xo in- Hab. Abyssinia. 
In the Collection of the British Museum. 



ACR^AD^ ACR.EA. 



ACRiEA CERASA. 10. 

Upperside orang(3 and white, with several black spots, the margins broadly 
brown. Anterior wing orange from the base to the middle, from the middle to the 
outer margin transparent white, with the nervures black, a spot within the cell and 
one at its termination black. Posterior wing with the base and four or five spots 
near it black ; crossed near the middle by an irregular band of seven black spots, the 
nervures near the outer margin black. 

Underside as above, with the spots near the base of the posterior wing more 
distinct, and eight in number. 

Ex pan. 1-1% in. liab. Natal. 
In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ACRxEA ESEBRIA. 11, 13. 

Upperside. Male, dark brown, with a broad, central, rufous band, which is com- 
mon to both wings : commences on the anterior wing at the second median nervure, 
and occupying nearly the whole of the posterior wing, extends to its inner margin. 
Anterior wing crossed beyond the middle by a band of five light yellow spots, the 
lowest spot separate and minute. Posterior wing with the nervures beyond the 
middle, the rays between them, and some spots at the base, black. 

Underside as above, except that the anterior wing beyond the white band and 
the outer margin of the posterior wing (which is brown above) are rufous, with the 
nervures and the rays between them black. Posterior wing with nine black spots at 
the base. 

Female differs from the male only in having the transverse band of the anterior 
wing white, and the band which is common to both wings light yellow. 

Expan. S 2t;%, s ~lf> in- Hab. Natal. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



ACRJSA NEBULOSA. 13. 

Upperside dark brown. Anterior wing transparent, with the base, the nervures, 
and the outer margin dark brown. Posterior wing dark clouded brown, with an ill- 
defined pale yellow band (divided into four by the nervures) between the middle of 
the inner margin and the middle of the wing. 

Underside as above, except that both wings have a submarginal band of pale 
yellow spots more distinctly marked on the posterior wing, that the pale yellow band of 
the posterior wing is more distinct, and that there are two small spots near the base, 
one on the costal margin, and a clouded, ill-defined spot in and below the cell, all 
light yellow. 

Expan B^ in. Hab. Ceram. 

In the Collection of Mr. Wallace. 



A(SmJI]IB 

ACR^A.UI, 




^'v:^ 





™ ,W. C.Hewilsoji. del, efc.li-th 1865, 



M,& N .Ha-nhirt imp 



14 15, ACR^A ABEMOSA 
16 17. ACRiCA ADM AT HA 



la.AOR^A ACRITA 
13. 2 ACRyfiA ACARA. 



ACR^ID^. 

ACRiEA III. 



ACR^A ANEMOSA. 14, 15. 

Upperside orange. Anterior wing, with the base, two minute spots, a short 
transverse band beyond the middle and the apex dark brown. Posterior wing 
crossed near the middle by a broad band of orange-carmine. 

Underside as above, except that the anterior wiug is paler near the apex, the 
posterior vidng paler at the centre of the transverse band (which is broader), and 
that there are some minute white spots near the base, and a transverse band of 
similar spots near the margin. 

Exp. 2i^ inches. Hab. Zambesi. 
In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ACR^ ADMATHA. 16, 17. 

Upperside. Anterior wing transparent, clouded with brown towards the 
margin ; with some obsciu-e brown spots. Posterior wiug scarlet, spotted with black 
from the base to beyond the middle ; the outer margin broadly black, traversed by a 
band of six round scarlet spots. 

Underside as above, except that the posterior wing is carmine-white, rufous 
near the base ; the black spots eighteen in number ; the submarginal spots orange 
and carmine-white. 

Exp. 2^ inches. Hab. Old Calabar. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This species is near to A. Horta, but differs from it in having the broad baud on the upperside 
of the posterior wing. It is nearer to A. Neobule of Reich, " Voyage en Abyssinie," Plate 33, figs. 3, 4 
Inot A. Nobule of Doubleday, in the "Genera," which is A. Mahela of Boisduval). 

7. 



ACR^ID^ ACRJ3A. 



ACRiEA ACRITA. 18. 

Upperside. Anterior wing rufous-orange, paler beyond the middle : with a spot 
in the cell, a band of three spots at the middle and the apex dark brown. Posterior 
wing orange-carmine with some brown spots at the base and a transverse band of 
five black spots at the middle ; the outer margin broadly black, traversed by a band 
of seven rufous spots. 

Underside. Anterior wing as above, except that the apex is not brown. Pos- 
terior wing carmine, with nineteen black spots, bordered irregularly with white ; the 
submarginal spots larger, white. 

Female like the male, except that it is rufous-brown above. 

Exp. 2-1% inches. Hab. Zambesi. 

Ill the Collectiou of W. C. Hewitson. 



ACR^A ACARA. 19, 20. . 

Upperside rufous ; the base of both wings dark brown. Anterior wing with a 
spot in the cell, a transverse band of three spots at the middle, a broad band beyond 
the middle, the apex and the outer margin (marked with two rufous spots) from tlie 
middle to the anal angle, all dark brown. Posterior wing with two bands of spots 
and the outer margin which is broad, black. 

Underside as above, except that the anterior \ving near the apex and the 
posterior wing are carmine-white, and that there are minute spots of white at the 
base and a band of seven white spots near the outer margin. 

Var. one-thud smaller, with the outer margin above much broader, the sub- 
marginal spots of the underside very minute. 

Exp. 2-1% inch. Hab. Natal and White Nile. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This may be only an extraordinary variety of A. Menippe. When we know more of Africa and 
its entomological productions, we shall, I believe, find that the Acroeas and the Lepidoptera generally 
vary more than those of other parts of the world. 



I 



ACIRJEIIBIE 

ACR^A.IV. 



\2. / 




W. C Hew 



K*'N Hanhar 



21.22.23.24.25.26-- ACR^A EURITA 



AuR^A V. 




W.C.Kewitsm.del etJlth . Oct' 1" 1867. 



27.28.29.30. 31.32.ACR^A. EURITA. 



MXN Haaibart inp 



A C R iE I D ^. 

ACRtEA IV. & V. 



ACRiEA EURYTA. $ 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 2S ? 29, 30, 31, 32. 

? Papilio Buryta LinncBus. Cramer PL 233 A. B. Palhot and Beau- 
vois, PI. Vll.fig. 4. Lucas Lep. Exot. PL Lll.fig. 2. P. Umbra Brwry VoL III. 
PL XVIII.fip. 1, 2. 

^ Acraa Vestalis Fdder. Novara Exp. Zoolocj. PL XL VI. figs. 8, 9. 
Acrcea Alcinoe Felder, PL XLVI.figs. 12, 13. 

It must be always a pleasure to an entomologist to name and introduce a 
new sjjecies about which there can be no controversy, and I nuist confess that I 
should have been very glad to have found some such species in the series of figures 
which are illustrated in the accompanying plates. I find it, however, quite beyond 
my ability to separate the twelve varieties there given, unless they are divided into 
nine or ten species. Every one will, I think, agree that 27 and 32 are the sexes of 
one species, however much they may hesitate to follow me in placing all those now 
figured under the name of Emyta. Figure 29 is the only variety about which I feel 
the least hesitation, as it much resembles some broad-banded specimens of A. Esebria. 
My collection contains other examples, which difi"er as much from those figured as 
they do each from the other ; two of these, exact copies of my specimens except that 
the black spots on the posterior wing of mine are more alike, are figured by the 
Eelders. In the figure of Vestalis it is only necessary to alter the black spot near the 
costal margin of the posterior wing (which is lower down the wing than usual), and 
this species will agree with their A. Alcinoe and all the varieties which I have figured. 

The typical variety described by Linnaeus, under the name of Euryta, in the 
Banksian Collection, is an Acrsea, and altogether distinct from the Eurytus of Clerck, 
which is a Diadema. Godart evidently believed them to be one and the same species. 
Mr. Westwood has also placed them together in the " Genera of Diurnal Lepi- 
doptera." * 

Cramer's figure 233b so completely represents the typical specimen in the Linnaean 
Cabinet, even in the setting, that the drawing might have been made from it. His 

* Mr. Westwood thinks that wheu Linnseus described his Acraea Euryta, he confounded it with 
Diadema Eurytus of Clerck, believing it to be the same species. He certainly quotes Clerck's figure. 
His description, however, agrees with the Acrsea in his collection, and does not agree with the Diadema 
of Clerck, which has conspicuous black spots on the anterior wing. 



ACR^ID^E. ACR^A. 



figure 233a of the same plate, which Godart quotes as the other sex, differs but slightly 
from my figure 30. The very clumsy misshapen figure of Drury (his P. Umbra) is 
evidently intended for the insect of my figure 32, and though he does not indicate 
in the figure the black spots at the base of the vi'ing, he describes them. 

There is not much to be learned from examining the underside of the Acrseas, 
except that the basal spots are better seen. It differs but little from the other side. 
The base of the costal margin of the anterior wing of this species is always black, 
marked by a rufous or white spot. 

The position of the first branch of the sub-costal nervure of the anterior wing 
varies slightly. In some examples it rises exactly at the end of the cell, in others 
slightly beyond it, and in figure 32 is at a greater distance than in any of the others, 
so much so, that in other genera I should have considered it a specific distinction. 

Fig. 21, which is from Sierra Leone, scarcely dift'ers from Felders' figure of 
Vestalis. It has the incipient band at the inner margin of the anterior wing. 

Fig. 22, from Old Calabar, is a small edition of figure 20, from Congo. Whilst 
23 and 24 differ but little, except in size, from 27, which is certainly the male of 
Drury's Umbra. The black discal spot of figure 25, though producing a marked 
peculiarity in its appearance, is left there by the interposition of a portion of the 
rufous band between it and the base of the wing. 

Figs. 28 and 30 will pair pretty well together ; the male is from Old Calabar, 
the female from Congo. 

Fig. 31 differs from the Linnaean type and from Cramer's figure in not possess- 
ing the two white spots, which mark the first, or a continuation of the band, as in 
the figiu-e, to the inner margin of the anterior wing. 

Figs. 22, 28 and 32 are from Old Calabar. Figs. 21, 27 are from Sierra Leone. 
Figs. 25, 26, 29 and 30 are from Congo. Of the three other varieties I do not 
possess any precise locality. 

They are all from the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



AGMAEIBJEo 

ACRiEA.VI. 



\:, / 











WG HewiLson del ttL-Q-. Apiit I'^-lSea 

33-34 ACfM^A TENEBP.O SA 
—35.36 ACRyEA ABANA . 



M itl'' HaxLhart' imp 



-^7. 38. ACRyfiA CLEASA. 
.39 . 40 . 41. ACR.EA RADIATA. 



A C R ^ I D ^. 

ACR^A. VI. 



ACRiEA TENEBEOSA. 33, 34. 

Upperside, dark brown. Anterior Aving crossed liy two indistinct, ill-defined 
bands of brick-red, one before tbe middle, tbe other beyond the middle composed of 
small spots : the space between the bands blue-black. 

Underside, pale grey-brown, with the uervures and lines between them dark 
brown. Anterior wing with the base and inner margin dark brown : the basal half 
nearly rufous-orange : crossed at the middle by a broad band of dark brown. Pos- 
terior wing clouded at the middle and outer margin with brown. 

Exp. 2^^ inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ACR^A ABANA. 35, 36. 

Upperside, greenish brown, the nervm-es and lines between them dark brown. 
Anterior wing crossed at the middle by a broad rufous band, divided longitudinally 
by the nervures, and transversely by the end of the cell. 

Underside, pale grey-brown : the nervures and lines between them and in the 
cell of the posterior wing, dark brown. Anterior wing from the base to beyond the 
middle, rufous. 

Exp. 2 inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ACR^A CLEASA. 37, 38. 

Upperside, dark blue-brown. Anterior wing with the base marked by a 
large trifiid carmine spot having its outer border orange-yellow. 

Underside. Anterior wing as above, except that the basal spot extends further 
into the wing its outer half pale yellow, and that the apex is ochreous with the 
nervures and lines between them black. Posterior wing ochreous (nearly white at 



ACRiEID.E. ACR^A. 

the base), clouded with brown at the middle and outer margin, the nervures, lines 
between them and a Hue in the cell, dark brown. 

Exp. 1^ inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

So much like Acrsea Trinacria of Felder that though the same description might serve for both 
it is very distinct. 



ACR^A RADIATA. 39, 40, 41. 

Upperside. Male, dark rufous-brown. Anterior wing crossed beyond the 
middle by a curved band of eight rays and spots of orange. 

Underside, as above, except that the rays and spots of the transverse band of 
the anterior wing are broader, and that the apex and the whole of the posterior wing 
are marked lietween the nervures and in the cell by lines in pairs of brick-red. 

Female larger, grey or green-brown : the orange rays longer and bi'oader on 
both sides of the wings. 

Exp. 2i^ inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Nearly allied to Acraea Eriuome of the Felders. 



V'/ 




ACR^EA VII 




\-is / 







\ -^ / 




\ +2 / 





42 ACRy^IA OFIE.TA . 
43 48. ACRiEA ORINA , 
44^ ACTLEA ACE RATA 



M^SHanhart imp 



45 46. ACR^A VINIDIA, 
47, ACR^A ORE SUA, 
49 SO ACR-/EA OPPIDIA 



A C R iE I D .^. 
ACR^A. VII. 



ACK^A ORETA. 4.2. 
Acrcea Oreta, Hewitsov, Entom. Monthly Mar/., 1874, page 131. 

UrPERSiDE. INIale dark brown. Anterior wing with the cell (where it is marked 
by two black spots), a band parallel and near to the inner margin, an oblong spot 
between the first and second median nervules, and two small spots below these, all 
dull scarlet; au oblique band of three ill-defined white spots beyond the middle. 
Posterior wing scarlet with several spots near the base, a band of spots at the 
middle and the outer margin, which is finely indented inwardly, all black. 

Underside ochreous-yellow. Both wings with the nervures near the outer 
margin and lines between them brown. Anterior Aving with a central spot of 
brown. Posterior wing with four spots at the base, an oblique band of five spots, 
three spots (one minute) in the cell and a central transverse band of eight spots, all 
black. 

Exp. 2-1% inch. Hab. Fernando Po. (Rogers.) 

lu the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ACR.^A ORINA. 43, 48. 
Acrcsa Orina, Hewitson, Entom. MontMij Mag., 187 4:, jjage 130. 

Upperside. Male dark brown. Anterior wing with the cell scarlet ; a band of 
six spots, three of which nearest the apex — sometimes dnll white, sometimes rufous, 
sometimes not there at all — are at an angle with the other three which are scarlet, 
and placed between the branches of the median nervure, the last forming a band 
near and parallel to the inner margin. Posterior wing scarlet with several spots, 
which are crowded together near the base, and the outer margin black. 

Underside ochreous-yellow. Both wings with the nervures as they approach 
the outer margin and lines between them dark brown. Anterior M'ing with the 
brown as above, but paler. Posterior wing wath eighteen or nineteen spots some 
of which are united in the figure. 

Exp. 2-2% inch. Hab. Fernando Po. (Rogers.) 

Iq the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

In this species no dependence can be placed upon the number of spots near the base of the 
posterior wing. The specimen I have figured has twelve spots, two or three spots being united into 
one ; another example has nineteen spots. 



ACRiEA ACERATA. 44. 
Acrcea Acerata, Hetvitson, Annls. and Mag. of Nat. His., IS 74. 

Upperside orange. Both wings with the outer margins broad, dark brown. 
Anterior wing with the base and two large triangular spots on the costal margin 
dark brown. 

Underside paler. Both wings with the outer margins as above, marked on the 
margin by a series of triangular rufous spots. Anterior wing with a lunular black 

Published April Isl, 1S75.] 



ACRjEIO/E. — ACKiEA. 



spot at the end of the cell and a large triangular brown spot on the costal margin as 
above. Posterior wing with eleven or twelve minute black spots near the base. 
Exp. 14 inch. Hal). West Africa. (River Prah, Bell.) 

Belongs to the group which contains A. serena, A. Ej:ionina, and A. Vinidia of the plate of which 
I think it is a variety. 

ACRiEA VINIDIA. 45,46. 
Acrcea Vinidia, Heioiison, Entoni. Monthly Mag., 1874, page 130. 

Upperside dark brown. Anterior wing with a spot near the apex and a broad 
band below it to the middle of the inner margin, marked (not always) by a black 
spot, both rufous-orange. Posterior wing rufous-orange with the base and outer 
margin dark brown ; a small black spot on the middle of the costal margin. 

Undekside rufous. Both wings with the outer margin rufous-brown marked 
by a series of pyramidal rufous spots. Anterior wing with a spot iu the cell, a band 
at the end of the cell, and two small spots below these, all black. Posterior wing 
with fifteen small black spots between the base and the middle. 

Exp. l-^-Q- inch. Hab. Angola. (Rogers.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Near A. Eiionina ; its chief difference being the arrangement of the basal black spots, which are 
here spread over half the wing and in Eponina crowded together near the base. 



ACR^EA ORESTIA. 47. 
Acraa Orestia, Hewitso7i, Erdom. Monihly Mag., \^1^\:, page 131. 

Upperside. Male. Anterior wing transparent, clouded with brown chiefly at 
the base and outer margins, the nervnres black. Posterior wing rufous-orange, with 
some black s{)Ots near the base and inner margin, and a circular series of seven spots 
of the same colour at the middle ; the outer margin dark brown, dentated inwardly. 

Underside altogether transparent. Posterior wing with seventeen black spots : 
four spots near the base, an oblique band of four spots, a large spot in the cell, and a 
central band of eight spots. 

Exp. ]^§ inch. Fernando Po. (Rogers.) 

Iu the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ACR.EA OPPIDIA. 49, 50. 

Acraa Ojjpidia, Hewitson, Eitioiii. Montlitg Mag., 1874, _^«i7e 131. 

Upperside dark brown. Anterior wing with an indistinct rufous band parallel 
and near to the inner margin ; two central spots of the same colour (one in the cell), 
and an oblique trifid white spot beyond the middle. Posterior wing brick-red, with the 
base, which is marked by three or four black spots and the outer margin, dark brown. 

Underside ochreous-yellow. Both wings with the nervnres near the outer 
margin and lines between them dark brown. Anterior wing clouded with brown 
from the base to the middle. Posterior wing marked near the base by sixteen black 
spots. 

Exp. 2-]^ inch. Hab. Fernando Po. (Rogers.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



WTMFIEIAILirBJEo 
MES SARAS. 




W C. Hemtson, dd etHtK 1859 

- 1 2 MES SARAS MtEONIDES, 



Pnntei ty Hullmajiiel J."WaJtoi 



3 6 MES SARAS MADESTES 



4. 5. MESSARAS MAOMTES 



NYMPHALID^. 

MESSARAS. 



MESSARAS MyEONIDES. 1, 3. 

Upperside. Male, from the base to near the middle, rufous ; crossed at the 
middle by a broad transverse orange band, clouded where it meets the inner margin, 
and marked with a black spot. Beyond the baud dark brown, with a submarginal 
band of black. Posterior wing rufous ; crossed before the middle by a transverse 
narrow band of orange, margined on both sides with black, followed (touching it) by 
an indistinct band of lilac, by a band of six black spots, and by two submarginal 
bands of the same colour. The outer margin brown. 

Underside yellow. Both wings with four transverse rufous bands ; the first 
before the middle and very narrow ; the second and third zigzag, inclosing betAveen 
them a band (broken in the middle) of black spots. The black spot near the inner 
margin of the anterior wing large ; the second band of the posterior wing margined 
inside with silvery white. 

Expan. 2i-o in. Hab. Celebes. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



MESSARAS MADESTES. 3, 6. 

Upperside. Eemale dark brown. Both wings crossed transversely at the 
middle by a broad common band of orange, marked on the anterior wing by a round 
black spot. Anterior wing with two orange spots near the apex. 

Underside. Both wings, from the base to the central band (which is hght 
yellow), rufous-yellow, rufous beyond the central band; both with a submarginal row 



NYMPHALIDiE — MESSARAS. 



of lunular and linear spots of yellow. Anterior wing with a bifid spot near the apex, 
and four other large spots of yellow, also a band of black spots. Posterior wing 
with a band of eye-like purple spots, their centres black, their upper margins lilac- 
white. 

The male docs not differ. 

Expan. 2i'^o i"- Hab. New Guinea. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and \V. C. Hewitson. 



m 



MESSARAS MAONITES. 4, 5. 

Ui'PERSiDE. Male. Anterior wing with the base rufous-brown ; crossed at the 
iddle by a broad transverse band of orange. Beyond the band black. Posterior 
wing rufous-brown. The outer margin, and a row of round spots near it, black. 

Underside yellow. The base of both wings rufous-yellow. The central band 
light yellow, and beyond it to the outer margin rufous-brown, marked with some 
indistinct lilac spots near the costal margin ; two black spots near the anal angle, and 
a subraarginal row of pale yellow spots. Posterior wing crossed at the middle by a 
narrow baud of pale yellow ; beyond it to the outer margin rufous-brown, crossed 
by a band of lilac spots, by a band of black spots, by a band of triangular yelloAV 
spots, and again by a band of hnear yellow spots. 

Expan. 2 ■Co in. Hab. Amboyna. 

In tlie Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA. i. 




.tK 



PnnteaiyIHlma.lnld iWJtoii 



,, ERESIA PHILUmA, 
2. ERESIA PELL A. 
S.ERESlAPEL.U'NiA, 



^.ERESL-i. PERILLA. 

5.eres1a. perna.. 
6.e;resiapolina. 



N Y M P H A L I D iE. 

ERESIA. Boisduval 



ERESIA PHILLYRA. 1. 

Ufperside. Anterior wing black. At the base, a broad unequal horizontal band of 
orange intersected by black nervures, on the middle of the iving an oblique baud of four 
oblong portions commencing at the costa, and between it and the apex, which it crosses, 
a similar band of three oval spots, followed along the outer border of the wing by five 
other oval spots, all yellow. Posterior wing orange, surrounded, except on the inner 
margin, and divided horizontally in its centre by a belt of black. On the apex two oval 
spots of yellow, and j)arallel to the outer margin a row of minute lines besides the usual 
marginal ones. 

Underside only differs in having the submarginal linear spots of the posterior wing 
larger and silvery. 

Expan. -If^ in. Hab. Mexico. 

This is the largest known species of Eresia, and is especially interesting from its analogical resem- 
blance to other genera. In form it might be taken for a Euterpe, whilst in colour it differs but slightly 
from a Leptalis. 

It is in the Collection of W. W. Saunders. 



ERESIA TELLA. 2. 

Upperside. Anterior wing black, two triangular patches at the base, and a small 
spot upon the outer angle, rufous, touching the basal spots, and obliquely across before the 
middle a belt of three spots, beyond the middle a second continuous band parallel to it, 
deeply sinuated, commencing on the costa, and nearly reaching the outer margin, and a 
line across the apex, all yellow. Posterior wing rufous (lightest above the belt), the upper 
and outer margins, and a horizontal central belt, black. 

U.xderside as above, with the addition of several spots of yellow near the outer 
margin of the anterior wing, and near the same margin of the posterior wing a double 
row of lunular spots besides the usual marginal ones. 

Expan. 2 in. Hab. Amazon. 

This species is nearly allied to Eresia Eunice as well as to E. Erysice. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA PELOT^IA. 3. 

Upperside. Anterior wing, with the base and the wliole of the inner margin to 
nearly the middle of the wing, orange, the median nervure in it broadly black ; separated 
from the orange by two square spots of black, an unequal Imnd of yellow crosses the 



NYMPHALID^ ERESIA. 

wing obliquely from the costa to nearly the outer margin ; the remainder of the apex 
black. Posterior wiuo- rufous ; the upper margin and a central horizontal band reaching 
from the inner margin two-thirds across the wing, black ; outer margin, from the anal 
angle half across the wing, also black, followed by four oval, black spots, dotted with 
white. 

Expan. 2— in. Hab. Quito. in the Collection ofW. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA PERILLA. 4. 

Upperside. Anterior wing black, with the base brick-red, and an oblong central 
patch of yellow divided by the nervurcs across the middle. Posterior wing l)rick-red, 
with the nervures, lines between each of them and the outer margin (broadly at the outer 
angle), black. 

Expan. 2 in. Hab. Quito, in the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA PERNA. 5. 

Upperside. Anterior wing with a curved tripartite horizontal belt, having its origin 
at the base, and extending half way across the wing, and an oblong spot between it and 
the apex, yellow slightly rufous. Posterior wing with a broad central transverse band of 
yellow and a rufous line near to the outer margin. 

Underside. Anterior wing with the belt at the base much wider; a triangular spot 
upon the costa beyond the middle, and a large patch, nearly occupying the apex, yellow. 
Posterior wing with a narrow belt across the base, parallel to the central band described 
above, yellow. Anterior wing with three small apical spots of silvery white, posterior 
with a submarginal line of the same colour. 

Expan. 1^ in. Hab. Rio Janeiro, in the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA POLINA. 6. 

Upperside dark brown, with a common band of yellow, commencing at a distance 
from the apex of the anterior wing, and ending above the middle of the inner margin of 
the posterior wing. On the anterior wing, composed of three distinct spots ; on the pos- 
terior (on which is also a very fine submarginal white line), it is continuous. 

Underside, very diiferent. Anterior wing brown, with an oblong horizontal patch 
at the base, a triangular one beyond the middle of the costa, a square one below it 
at the anal angle, and a large patch across the apex (which has also three silvery dots of 
white), yellow. Posterior wing silvery white, with two transverse belts of black across it 
near the base, and a third (a broader one) below the middle divided horizontally by a 
line of white, and reaching from the inner margin two-thirds across the wing ; between it 
and the outer margin, which is black, a rufous band. 

Expan. 1^ in. Hab. Quito, in the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Much like E. Nauplia, from which it is however sufficiently distinct. 



IPMAMCBiE 

ERESIA n. 




\ '■' / 




w 








Hswitsmi, del. et lith. 1857 



Prariteot try Hull-miLniil & T/Wton, 



•^7 ]L I' EMERAMTTA 

— «. 9 10, HRESJA ERAT^flTEK 



; ERESTA ESOP.A 
L'- ERESTA EZORJAkS. 



N Y M P H A L I D ^. 

EUESIA. II. 



ERESIA EMERANTIA. 7, 11. 

Upperside. Male black. Anterior wing with a large space of orange from 
the inner margin to near the centre, marked near the base by a line of black. 
Beyond the middle, and nearly eqnidistant from the margins, a trifid white spot. 
Posterior wing from the base (which is black) to beyond the middle orange ; the outer 
margin broadly black. 

Underside. Anterior wing as above, but lighter, mth a triangular spot of 
yellow on the middle of the costal margin ; a submarginal row of spots, white near 
the apex of the wing, yellow below, and a second row of indistinct white spots at the 
apex. Posterior wing with the orange as above, but lighter ; the costal margin from 
the base to beyond its middle yellow, bordered by a band of black which joins the 
black of the outer margin ; a submarginal row of seven large yellow spots, and within 
them, on the inner border of the black, a row of four lilac spots, divided by the median 
nervules. 

Expan. 2-2^0 in. Hab. New Granada. 
In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA ERANITES. 8, 9, 10. 

Upperside. Male black. Antei'ior wing with an oblong space from the base 
to beyond the middle ; a short oblique trifid band from the costal margin beyond the 
middle; a bifid spot between it and the outer margin ; two parallel rows of minute 
spots across the apex, and two minute spots near the anal angle, all rufous-orange. 
Posterior wing with a longitudinal central band, a minute spot at the apex, and two 
short lines near the anal angle, rufous-orange. 

Underside. Anterior wing nearly as above, but much lighter ; the spots be- 
yond the middle and the apex light yellow. Posterior wing light yellow with a band 
from near the base ending in a large spot at the middle of the costal margin, and a 
broad band on the outer margin from the anal angle to beyond its middle, claret 
colour, the latter traversed by two rows of lunular yellow spots, the upper ones upon 
a narrow band of black. 

Female larger than the male, from which it diff'ers on the anterior wins in 
having all the spots beyond the middle light yellow or white, and one half of the 
bifid spot replaced by two minute spots which form pai't of the two rows across the 



KYMPHALIDxE ERESIA. 



apex. Posterior wing rufous-orange, with the base, the costal and outer margins, and 
a longitudinal band beyond the middle, black ; a spot at the apex, and a waved line 
near the outer margin from the anal angle to the middle of the wing, white. 

Expan. $ 1-ro i"-, ? ^'io in- Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA ESORA. U. 

IJppERSiDE black. Anterior wing with a large space from the base to near 
the middle (ex^cept the margins) and reaching to the anal angle (where it is marked by 
a black spot) rufous at the base, yellow outwardly. Crossed beyond the middle by an 
oblique, broad, angular band of yellow. Posterior wing with the basal half yellow, 
the rest rufous. The base, a transverse baud at the middle, a round spot near the 
apex, and the outer margin black. 

Underside. As above, but lighter. Anterior wing with the central band ex- 
tending to the outer margin, where it is crossed by a black line which runs parallel 
to the outer margin ; near the apex a band of yellow. Posterior wing with a row of 
oblong black spots, instead of the central band ; the outer margin traversed by a band 
of yellow from the anal angle to beyond its middle. 

Expan. 2 in. Hab. Brazil. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitsou. 

N.B. This is the species which ought to have been figured in a former Plate as E. Pella. The 
hutterflv there called Pella has been previously well figured under the name of Eunice, in Hubner"s 
Sammlung Exotischer Schmetterlinge. 



ERESIA EZORIAS. 13. 

Upperside. !Male black. Anterior wing with a large space from the base to 
beyond the middle of the outer margin, occupying the lower half of the cell and ex- 
tending to the inner margin which is black ; an oblique band of four oblong spots, a 
small spot on the middle of the outer margin, and a row of three or four small spots 
across the apex ; rufous-orange. Posterior wing rufous-orange, with the base, the 
costal and outer margins, and a band from the middle of the costal margin to the 
apex, black ; an orange spot at the apex. 

Underside. Anterior wing, as above, but lighter ; the base yellow ; the oblique 
band and the spots at the apex, which here form a band like the other, yellow. 
Posterior wing, as above ; the base, the central band, and two spots at the apex, 
yellow ; a submarginal row of lunules, and a line on the inner margin at the 
anal angle, sUvery-white. 

Expan. 2-2% in. Hab. Mexico. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



MirmiPiEAiAiM. 

ERESIA III. 



\'' ' 




3m: 








<N C Hewitaon.aol.et,litk 



Mirr Haiihai-llnip 

14r, ERESIA DATIS . 
-45 ERESIA ACR^INA. ^-18, IS ERESIA OFELLA. 
U6 , 17.-ERESL^ MYIA ' 20 . ERESIA ITHOMIOIDES . 



NYMPHALIDJ^:. 

ERESIA. III. 

ERESIA DATIS. 14. 

TJppERSiDE. Male. Anterior wing black, with a large triangular spot of scarlet 
at the base : a large triangular spot of yellow at the middle, divided into six by the 
nervures : three or four indistinct minute white spots near the apex. Posterior wing 
scarlet : the outer margin black, traversed by a band of minute white spots. 

Underside as above, except that the anterior wing has a submarginal band of 
white spots, and that the nervures of the posterior wing are brown. 

Expan. 2^ inch. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA ACR^INA. 15. 

Upperside. Female black. Anterior wing with the base and a band which 
crosses the centre of the wing carmine. Posterior wing from the base to beyond the 
middle carmine : the nervures and rays between them black. 

Underside as above, except that the apex of the anterior wing is pale brown, 
the nervures and rays between them black, and that the posterior wing is grey-brown, 
rufous at the base, clouded beyond the middle with darker brown ; the nervures and 
ravs between them black. 

Expan. 2t2% inch. Hab. Upper Amazon. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Near to E. Castilla of Felder, of which it can scarcely be a variety as he does not mention the 
basal spot of the anterior wing, and describes the band which crosses it as pale ochraceous. It is also 
nearly allied to E. Perilla of this work (vol. i. pi. :iO), but is of different form and colour. 



ERESIA MYIA. 16, 17. 

Upperside. Male black. Anterior wing deeply emarginate at the middle of 
the outer margin : a bifid roimd spot near the middle of the inner margin : crossed 
beyond the middle by a band of four small spots, two of them grey, two Avhite. 



NTMPHALIDyE ERESIA. 



Posterior wing dentate, with a central transverse band of white, ending in two 
minute white spots where it touches the costal margin. 

Underside. Anterior wing rufous-brown : the cell rufous, marked at the end 
by two minute white spots ; the spots as above, but larger : a white spot near the 
middle of the outer margin : two minute white spots on the costal margin near the apex. 
Posterior wing with the basal half white, marked with two spots and several lines of 
brown : outer half of the wing clouded with rufous-brown, marked with some lunular 
black spots and two submarginal waved brown lines. 

Expan. 1^^ inch. Hab. Mexico. 

la the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



EEESIA OFELLA. 18, 19. 

Upperside black. Both wings crossed transversely by a common band of 
white, commencing at the third median nervule of the anterior wing. Anterior wing 
with a spot in the cell : crossed beyond the middle by a band of five small spots ; and 
nearer the apex by a second band of four smaller spots. 

Underside. Anterior wing as above : the white spots larger : the base grey- 
yellow : the middle of the outer margin and apex white. Posterior wing with the 
basal half white, undulated near the base with brown : the outer half rufous-brown, 
with black spots and two submarginal waved lines of black. 

Expan. l-j^o inch. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of E. Birchall. 



ERESIA ITHOMIOIDES. .20. 

Upperside. Male dark brown. Anterior wing with numerous spots of rufous- 
yellow. Posterior wing crossed transversely before the middle by a broad band of 
scarlet : the apex with two small white spots, one of them touching the transverse 
band. 

Underside as above ; except that the posterior wing has a submarginal band of 
seven white spots. 

Expan. 2-2^ inch. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of E. Birchall. 

The Eresias form a genus exceedingly interesting from its great diversity of form and colour ; 
whilst figure 15 of the plate has a considerable resemblance to Acraea Trinacria of Felder, figure 20 
bears a remarkable likeness to Ithomia Peridia of the " Exotic Buterflies " (vol. i. pi. 13). 



ERESIA IV 




\ / 






\"/ 











\ 22 / 





W" C.HewiUorL. d«l.e(,,htii . 



M&N,Harfiari,IinB 



21 22. ERESIA ORTHIA 
^23,24. ERESIA OROBIA=.ic>' ■■'''' 27. 28. ERESIA VERENA. 



25.26. ERESIA VELiIOA. 



23 ERESIA EZRA. 



N Y M P H A L I D Ji: 

ERESIA. IV. 



ERESIA OETHIA. 21, 22. 

Upperside. Male dark rufous-brown. Anterior wing with several rufous- 
yellow spots ; one in the cell, a second trifid by the median nervules, a third near it, a 
fourth near the costal margin beyond its middle, and three smaller nearer the outer 
margin. Posterior wing with a central transverse band of rufous-yellow and a single 
lunular spot near the anal ans;le. 

Underside. Anterior wing with the spots as above ; the basal half orange- 
yellow : beyond it dark brown : the apex and outer margin broadly rufous, with paler 
spots at the apex and the middle of the outer margin. Posterior wing with the trans- 
verse band as above : the base clouded with rufous spots and hnes ; beyond the cen- 
tral band rufous, marked with black spots : the outer margin and a parallel waved line 
rufous-brown. 

Expan. 1^ inch. Hab. Minas Geraes. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitsou. 



ERESIA OROBIA. 23, 24. 

Upperside. Anterior wing dark brown : the basal half orange, divided in the 
cell and near the anal angle into separate spots : an oblong spot near the costal 
margin, and three near the outer margin also orange. Posterior wing rufous-orange, 
with a submarginal band of spots and waved line of black from the anal angle to the 
middle of the wing : the outer margin dark brown. 

Underside. Anterior wing as above ; except that the spots near the outer 
margin are extended to the apex and outer margin. Posterior wing rufous-yellow, 
clouded and undulated with rufous-brown. 

Expan. 1-^ inch. 

In the Colleclion of W. C. Hewitson. 



NYMPHALID^ ERESIA. 



ERESIA VELICA. 25, 2G. 

Upperside. Male dark rufous-brown. Anterior wing with several ill-defined 
rufous spots ; three near the base, one near the costal margin, three between it and 
the inner margin, and three towards the apex. Posterior wing with a broad transverse 
rufous band and some submarginal lunules of the same colour. 

Underside. Anterior wing broM-n ; with the base and two spots near it, the 
spots above (the three lower spots united in one), and the apex and outer margin 
rufous. Posterior wdng rufous, clouded and undulated with darker colour. 

Expan. 1-j^ inch. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA VERENA. 27, 28. 

Upperside. Male dark brown. Both wings crossed by a common band of orange ; 
both with several small spots near the base, and a submarginal band, irregular and 
broken into spots, on the anterior wing, continuous and waved on the posterior wing. 

Underside rufous-yellow, with the bands as above : the base of both wings 
crossed by lines of brown. Anterior wing with the apex rufous-brown, with spots of 
paler colour. Posterior wing undulated with brown at the outer margin. 

Expan. 1-^ inch. Hab. Bolivia. 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 



ERESIA EZRA. 29. 

Upperside Male black. Anterior wing with two spots in the cell, a large spot 
below them bifid by the first median nervule, a quadri-partite band from the costal 
margin beyond the middle, and below it a small spot, all rufous-white. Posterior wing 
with a minute spot in the cell ; crossed before the middle by a curved band divided by 
black nervures. 

Underside as above ; except that the posterior wing has three spots at the base, 
a band of indistinct spots near the outer margin, and a submarginal band of white 
spots. 

Expan. 1-2% inch. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

I have thought with Dr. Felder that the butterflies figured in this plate, as well as the North- 
American species, which were put with Melitisa in Doubleday and Hewitson's Genera of Diurnal 
Lepidoptera, would be better associated with Eresia ; they cannot be separated from E. Hera and 
lanthe, which Mr. Doubleday considered as belonging to tliis genus. It seems to me that there h: very 
little generic difference between Melitasa Eresia and Synchloe besides their outward appearance. I am, 
however, quite content with this distinction when the eye can at once separate them. 



ERE STAY 







^38 ^ 





\ 3 4 / 





WCHewitsonaeleUilK 



MANHajihirL Imp 



30.31. ERESIA SIMOIS 
02.ERESIA HERMAS, 35 . 3 6 ERESIA ARDYS . 



33.54 ERESIA SMERDIS^.;^,^^^^^^ 37 . 38 . E RE SIA ABAS 



N Y M P H A L I D JE. 

ERESIA. V. 



ERESIA SIMOIS. 30, 31. 

Upperside brown. Anterior wing rounded at the apex and outer margin, with 
several indistinct white and rufous spots. Posterior wing scarcely dentated ; crossed 
by three equi-distant bands of rufous spots. 

Underside. Anterior whig orange, with the white spots as above enclosing a 
large black spot : a band of three white spots near the base. Posterior wing orange 
yellow, with the three bands of white spots as above. 

Expan. Iyo to 1-2% inch. Hab. Brazil. 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 

There is a variety of this species in which the central white spots of the anterior wing become a 
broad rufous band, broken in the middle ; the inner row of spots on the posterior wing is also increased 
to a broad band; the black spot on the underside of the anterior wing is much smaller, and the bands 
of spots on the posterior wing much more defined. 



ERESIA IIERMAS. 32. 

IJppERSiDE. Male, dark brown. Anterior wing with twelve or more distinct 
white spots : outer margin slightly sinuated. Posterior wing with two white spots 
near the base, and a broad macular central band, followed by two narrow bands of 
rufous spots. 

Underside. Anterior wing orange at the base, brown beyond it ; with the 
white spots nearly as above. Posterior wing brown-white, with several indistinct 
white spots and a submarginal band of white lunules : the outer margin rufous : a 
spot on the costal margin and one near the middle of the outer margin rufous. 

Expan. l-j^ inch. Hab. 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 



ERESIA SMERDIS. 33, 34. 

Upperside dark brown, paler at the base. Anterior wing with eleven or more 
white spots ; the outer margin deepli/ sinuate. Posterior wing crossed by two bands 
of white spots : the outer margin deeply dentate. 



NYMPH ALID.E — ERESIA. 



Underside. Anterior wing with the basal half bright orange, the middle dark 
brown ; the outer margin rufous brown ; the spots as above. Posterior wing pale 
brown, crossed before the middle by a band of brown, at the middle by a band of 
white : marked beyond the middle by two large triangular brown spots. 

Expan. 1-2^ inch. Hab. Mexico. 

In the CoUectiou of the British Museum. 



ERESIA ARDYS. 35, 36. 

IJppERSiDE. Male, dark brown. Anterior wing with eight or nine yellow spots : 
the costal margin muck curved: the outer margin sinuate, toothed below the sinuation. 
Posterior wing with a central band of yellow spots, a submarginal band of lunules, 
and between them a band of linear spots half across the wing. 

Underside. Anterior wing dark brown, with the base and a large spot on the 
outer margin orange -. the spots nearly as above, but larger. Posterior wing beauti- 
fully variegated Avith grey, white, orange yellow, and brown. 

Expan. 1^ inch. Hab. Mexico. 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 

This and the preceding species are nearly allied to Hera of Hubner: his figures are, however, so 
accurate in form aud colour that I am compelled to consider them as distinct. 



ERESIA ABAS. 37, 38. 

Upperside. Male, dark brown. Anterior wing with seven distinct white spots 
(one bifid) , three in a line, nearly parallel to the outer margin : a submarginal line of 
indistinct white spots. Posterior wing with a central band of white, followed by two 
narrow rufous bands. 

Underside. Anterior wing with the basal half and spots at the apex and outer 
margin ochreous yellow ; the outer half brown, with the spots as above. Posterior 
wing pale, with the central band as above ; followed by four blind ocelli. 

Expan. 1-^ inch. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 

This species may be known from those just described by the arrangement of the white spots of 
the anterior wing. 



M YM IP MAIL I mm 

ERESIA VI 





V%> 



■i4- 






0^V^ 






W. C .Hewitson. . del et. lith 

39. 40. ERESIA ACETA 

-4L 4E. ERESIA DICOMA 

—43. 4 4, ERESIA ANIETA 



MAN.Hanhartlmp 



45 46. ERESIA GYG-B3. 
47. ERESIA OTANES 
48. 49. ERESIA ACE SAS 



IN Y M P H A L I D ^. 

ERESIA. VI. 



ERESIA ACETA. 39, 40. 

IJpPERSiDE dark brown. Anterior wing with some indistinct rufous spots near 
the base, and. two rufous spots beyond the middle. Both wings crossed by a band of 
eye-hke spots, with rufous-orange borders ; more distinctly ocellated on the anterior 
wing : both with a linear rufous submarginal baud. 

Underside. Anterior wing rufous, with the spots as above, and two blind 
ocelli towards the apex. Posterior wing pale brown, with spots of rufous brown near 
the costal and outer margins, and three or four minute bhnd oceUi. 

Expan. \^ inch. Hab. New Granada. 

In the CoUectiou of the British Museum. 



ERESIA DICOMA. 41, 42. 

Upperside dark brown, with a spot near the base, a large 5-partite spot near 
the inner margin, a linear spot beyond the middle, and three spots (one bifid) near the 
outer margin, all rufous. Posterior wing with a broad rufous baud and a submarginal 
band of rufous lunules. 

Underside rufous. Anterior whig crossed beyond the midcUe by a band of 
darker colour : the apex and the whole of the posterior wing marked with lunules and 
lines of rufous brown. 

Expan. 1-]^ inch. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

There is a variety of this species in which the large rufous spot on the inner margin is extended 
to the base. It is near Teletusa on the upperside, but of different farm : on the underside it is iden- 
tical with Claudina of Eschscholtz. 



ERESIA ANIETA. 43, 44. 

Upperside rufous orange. Anterior wing with the base and costal margin and 
a band near the apex rufous brown : the outer margin broadly dark brown. Posterior 
wing with the outer margin brown. 

Underside paler. Anterior wing darker at the base and outer margin : the apex 
with some lunular spots. Posterior wing clouded beyond the middle with rufous hues 
and lunides. 

Expan. 1 1^ inch. Hab. Venezuela. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



NYMPHALID^ ERESIA. 



ERESIA GYGES. 45, 46. 

Upperside. Male, dark brown : the base of both wings crowded with rufous 
spots. Anterior wing with seven large orange spots. Posterior wing with four trans- 
verse bands; the first rufous, the three following orange; the first and second united 
towards the inner margin. 

Underside. Anterior wing with the base orange, the middle dark brown, the 
outer margin broadly rufous : the sj)ots as above, but larger ; one of them extending 
to the outer margin. Posterior wing pale rufous yellow, with darker spots on the 
costal and near the outer margins : a submarginal band of white lunular spots and 
three or four minute blind ocelli. 

Expan. 1-1% to 1^ inch. Hab. Jamaica. 

In the Collection of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

This species has a close resemblance to E. Drusilla of Felder in the marking of the upperside, 
but differs from it in its much paler colour. 



EEESIA OTANES. 47. 

Upperside. Male, uniform dark brown : anterior wing with a small rufous spot 
near the apex. Posterior wing of a different colour, shghtly tinted with piu-ple : the 
outer margin of the same brown as the anterior wing. 



D 



Underside. Anterior wing rufous brown ; the base paler, crossed by bands of 
black : a spot on the costal margin, a trinngular spot at the apex, and a spot near the 
outer margin, rufous white. Posterior wing grey and rufous, with several large 
rufous brown s])ots. 

Expan. 1-1% inch. Hab. Guatemala. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This butterfly was kiudly added to my collection by Mr. Salvin. It may be only a variety of the 
next species, C. Acesas, of which I possess several examples, which are of the same size and of a spot- 
less browu above. 



ERESIA ACESAS. 48, 49. 

Upperside. Female, dark rufous brown : anterior wing with two spots near the 
base and four or five near the outer margin orange yellow : two large indistinct trian- 
gular spots near the middle. Posterior wing crossed by three bands of spots ; the 
first orange yellow, the others rufous. 

Underside. Anterior wing, with the base, two large spots in the middle, and 
a spot at the outer margin, orange : the apex grey, with lunular white spots. Pos- 
terior wing grey and rufous, with spots and lunules of paler colour and a submarginal 
band of lunules. 

Expan. 1^% to 1^% inch. Hab. Venezuela. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

There are varieties of this species of much smaller size ; some of a uniform spotless brown, others 
with one, two, or three of the transverse bands of the posterior wing. 

I have thought it superfluous to describe minutely any of the species figured in the three accom- 
panying plates where both sides are given. 



ERESIA.Vn 



^52/ 



^^ 








Sv' 



--/Ci" 




p 




'*■ 60 



# 





\°' / 




y 



WCHomUor, iul ethth April l^f- 1868 . 

50.51. ERESIA ELAPHIAEA. 
52.53.ERESIA CLAUDINA. 58 59 ERESIA ANCUSTA. 

54.55, ERESTA ELADA. 60 ERESIA EZBA 

56 57, ERESIA ETIA, 61 ERESIA FLAVIDA. 



M(S:N Hanhart imp 



N Y M P H A L 1 D tE. 

ERESIA VII. 



ERESIA ELAPHIAEA. 50, 51. 

Upperside. Male, dark brown, irrorated (except at the apex of the anterior 
wing) with ochreous yellow. Anterior wing crossed obliquely beyond the middle by 
a broad band of orange. Posterior wing, Mith the outer margin dentated : crossed 
beyond the middle by three ochreous bands. 

Underside, rufous-brown. Anterior wing with the band as above : the base 
ochreous, crossed by a brown line : three lilac-white spots, two of which are lunular, 
near the apex. Posterior wing rufous-brown, irrorated with paler colour : marked by 
several lilac-white spots : clouded with dark brown beyond the middle, and crossed 
near the outer margin by a zigzag line of white. 

Exp. li inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA CLAUDINA. Var. 52, 53. 



ERESIA ELADA. 54, 55. 

Upperside. Male, dark brown. Both wings with several spots of orange at 
the base : both crossed at the middle by a band of pale yellow (broken on the 
anterior wing), and followed on both wings by two other bands of orange spots : 
the fringe spotted with white. 

Underside. Both wings, with the central baud (traversed longitudinally on the 
posterior wing by a black line) followed on both by a broad band of brown traversed 
by an orange band of spots, by a band of conical white spots (large on the posterior 
wing, preceded on the anterior wing near the apex by other spots), and by a sub- 
marginal band of orange : the fringe brown spotted with white. Anterior wing with 
the basal half orange, marked by some paler spots. Posterior wing with the base 
orange, marked by a band and a single spot of white. 

Female (figs. 54, 55) does not differ from the male, except in being larger. 

Exp. 1 077 inch. Hab. Mexico. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA ETIA. 56, 57. 



Upperside. Male, dark brown. Anterior wing with two large brick-red spots. 
Posterior wing irrorated with brick-red towards the outer margin, where it is crossed 
by an indistinct line of the same colour. 

Underside. Anterior wing rufous-brown : the lower red spot extended to the 
base, where it is crossed by a brown line. Posterior wing rufous-brown, with some 



NYMPHALIDiE. ERESIA. 



lilac spots and brown lines near the base : a band of brown spots beyond the middle, 
a submarginal band of lunular spots : the fringe spotted with white. 

Exp. 1-iV inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collectiou of W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA ANGUSTA. 58, 59. 

Upperside, dark brown. Anterior wing with a spot in the cell, a bifid spot 
between the median ncrvules, a trifid band beyond the middle, and some minute spots 
near the apex, pale yellow. Posterior wing dentate, with a transverse band and a 
spot near the costal margin, pale yellow : a band of very indistinct luuular spots near 
the outer margin. 

Underside, as above, except that it is rufous-brown : that the base of both 

wings is ochreous undulated with brown, and that both have a submarginal baud of 

lunular ochreous spots : the apex of the posterior wing also ochreous. 

Exp. 1 27i inch. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA EZBA. 60. 



Upperside. Male, dark brown. Anterior wing with a spot in the cell, a band 
of spots at the middle, some spots near the apex, and a submarginal waved band, all 
rufous, except those at the apex, which are white. Posterior wing irrorated with 
paler colour from the base to beyond the middle : crossed near the outer margin by 
two bands of lunular spots. 

Underside. Anterior wing rufous, darker towards the outer margin : a spot in 
the cell : a band below the median nervure : a band of spots beyond the middle 
composed of a large triangular spot and three circular spots the lowest spot marked 
with black : the apex and outer margin which is traversed by a black line, all pale 
yellow. Posterior wng, pale rufous-grey from the base to the middle, with two 
lunular spots near the base : crossed beyond the middle by a pale yellow band followed 
by four black spots and a submarginal band of lunular spots. 

Exp. li inch. Hab. New Granada. 

In the CollecUon of W. C. Hewitson. 

Near to A. Acesas and also to Abas, of which it may be only a variety : the colour on the upperside 
of my specimen is much rubbed off. 



ERESIA EL AVID A. 61. 



Upperside. Male, yellow. Anterior wing, with the costal margin brown from 
the base to the middle : apex and outer margin broadly dark brown. Posterior wing, 
with the outer margin brown. 

Underside, paler than above, spotless. 

Exp. 1^ inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA VIII. 





\ ^3 / 







W C.HewilsoK del. et.liLK.¥ay 1870. 



7;, ' 



' '''^"62 63. ERESIA ALSIIIA 



G^ 65 66 67 ERESIA PELONIA 



N Y M P H A L I D ^. 

EKESIA VIII. 



ERESIA ALSINA. 6.2, 63. 

Eresia Alsina, Hewitson. Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 33, 1869. 

IJppERSiDE. Female, dark brown. Anterior wing with a broad rufous-orange 
band fi'om the base : crossed obhquely by three bands, the first of which (the longest) 
before the middle is divided into fom- by the nervures, the second beyond the middle 
divided into five, the third near the apex trifid : and besides these a submarginal band 
of five spots, all orange-yellow. Posterior wing with the costal and outer margins 
broadly dark brown ; a submarginal band of seven orange-yellow spots. 

Underside as above. 

Male like the female, except that the bands of the anterior wing are produced 
untd they reach and absorb the submarginal spots. 

Exp. 2^ inches. Hab. Nicaragua. (Chontales, Belt.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Most nearly allied to E. Phillijra. 



ERESIA PELONIA. 64, 65, 66, 67. 

i Eresia Pelonia, Hewitson. Exot. Butts. Vol. I. Plate 30, fff. 3. 
? Eresia Ithomiola. Salvin. Annals, Sf Mag. Nat. Hist. Mh 8er. Vol. IV. p. 171. 
Upperside. Male, rufous-orange. Anterior wing, from the base to near the 
middle (except the costal margin, a band on the median nervure, and the nervures, 
which are dark brown) rufous-orange : crossed at the middle by a band of yellow, 
divided above the median nervure into five parts, and below it into one large oval spot : 
a spot within this touching the red of the base, a spot beyond it, and a submarginal 
series of five spots, all yellow. Posterior wing with a band on the costal margin from 
the base to beyond the middle, a band at the middle divided into five spots, and the 
outer margin which is undulated on its inner border and traversed by a series of 
yellow spots, all dark brown. 

Female (fig. 66), dark brown. Anterior wing rufous-orange from the base to 

E E 
Published October 1st, 1870.] 



NYMPHALID.E. ERESIA. 



beyond the middle, with a band at the base of the inner margin, a band on the median 
nervure, two large spots and a smaller spot below these (not surrounded with red), all 
dark brown. Posterior wing with the apex broadly rufous-orange, sinuated on its 
inner border, and marked with minute black spots on the outer margin which is also 
black. 

Exp. i 2-2% s 2-2% inches. Hab. Ecuador. (Buckley.) 

Variety A. Female (fig. 64). Anterior wing dark brown, with the basal 
half (except the costal margin and a band on the median nervure, which are dark 
brown as in the male) rufous-orange : crossed at the end of the cell by a baud of 
four oblong yellow spots, and below this an indistinct spot of the same colour. 

Hab. Ecuador. (Buckley.) 

Vabieti B. Female (fig. 67). Anterior wing as in fig. 66, except that the 
band at the end of the cell and the oval spot below it are yellow, that there are two 
yellow spots beyond these and a subapical band of three large spots of the same 
colour, the first spot irregular and divided into three parts by the nervures, the other 
two spots triangular, and that the posterior wing is crossed before the middle by a 
band of rufous-orange, and has the marginal black spots larger, some of them crowned 
with yellow. 

Hab. Ecuador. (Buckley.) 

All in the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

I have no hesitation in figuring these as remarliable varieties of one species. The spots upon the 
beautiful female of fig. 67 may all be traced, although indistinctly defined, upon the wings of the 
male. 






\ 7, / 











W CHtw.Uondcl ctlitk ¥a.y.l870. 

74j,L ffU'/sye. 

68.69-70 

71. 



Mt^N Hajih^T-L unp. 



ERE SI A SESTL^.. 
ERESIA BELLA. 



72. 73. ER.E5IA. CASIPHIA. 
74-. 7b 76.ERESLA LETITL\. 



N Y M P H A L I D ^. 

ERESIA IX. 



ERESIA SESTIA. 68, 69, 74. 

Eresia Sestia, Hewitson. Equatorial LejJ.j}- 26. 

Upperside. Male, dark brown. Anterior wing crossed from the base, curving 
towards the outer margin (having the median nervure and its first branch for its 
lower border), by a band of rufous-orange divided into three parts by the nervures, 
and into a fourth part at its lower extremity (where there is a minute spot) by a 
black line : crossed before the apex by a band of seven spots, the first on the costal 
margin minute, the others in paii's. Posterior wing crossed longitudinally before the 
middle by a broad band of rufous-orange intersected by black nervures : a subapical 
yellow spot and a submarginal band of linear white spots. 

Underside as above, except that the spots of the anterior wing are yellow and 
much larger, and that there is a submarginal band of spots of the same colour, that 
the posterior wing has the central band broader and paler, that the base, a band near 
it, and a submarginal band of spots are all pale yellow : four small white spots near 
the anal angle. 

Female like the male, except that all the spots and bands on both sides are pale 
yellow or white. 

Exp. $ 1^, ? 2 inches. Hab. Ecuador. (Jorge, Buckley.) 
In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA BELLA. 7L 

Eresia Mylitta, Hew. Equat. Lep. p. 26. 

Upperside. Male, dark brown. Anterior wing with a broad band from the 
base (which runs parallel with the inner margin, and occupies one-third of the wing) 
and a large subapical spot divided into fom- parts by the nervm-es rufous-orange. 
Postei'ior wing with a broad central band (occupying more than half the wing) and a 
narrow band from the anal angle to the middle rufous-orange. 

Underside as above, except that the subapical spot is yellow, that there are 
some white spots in a double series at the apex, that the posterior wing has the base 
and a band near it yellow, the central band paler, and a submarginal linear band of 
white. 

Exp. 1^^ inch. Hab. Ecuador. (St. Ines, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Much like a small example of Eueides Aliphera. 



NYMPHALID^. — ERESIA. 



ERESIA CASIPHIA. 72, 73. 

Eresia CasipJda, Hew. Equal. Lejp.p. 25. 

Upperside. ]\Iale, dark brown. Anterior wing with a band from the base, a 
trifid irregular obhque band at the middle and a subapical band of four spots (the 
first minute) all rufous-orange. Posterior wing crossed longitudinally before the 
middle by a broad band of rufous-orange, intersected by black nervures, and by a 
subraarginal band of the same colour : a minute spot of white at the apex. 

Underside as above, except that the bands and spots are paler, that both wings 
have a submarginal series of white spots, that the anterior wing has three apical 
white spots besides, and that the submarginal band of the posterior wing is broader. 

Exp. 2 inches. Hab. Ecuador. (Jorge, Buckley.) 

lu the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA LETITIA. 70, 75, 7G. 

Eresia Letitia, Hcio. Equat. Lep. jj. 24. 

Upperside. Eemale, dark brown, crossed by a broad tripartite baud, which, 
after nearly filling the cell, cui'ves towards the outer margin Avliere it is followed by 
a bifid spot : a triangular spot (which is divided into four by the nervures) beyond 
the middle of the costal margin, a large trifid spot between this and the apex, and a 
submarginal series of spots all pale rufous. Posterior wing crossed longitudinally 
before the middle by a broad pale rufous band intersected by black nervures : a sub- 
marginal band of lunular spots, and an apical white spot. 

Underside as above, except that both wings have a submarginal black line, 
and that there is a double series of lunular pale spots near the outer margin of the 
posterior wing. 

The male is like the female, except that the spots are white, smaller and clouded 
with brown. 

Exp. 2ro inches. Hab. Ecuador. (St. Ines, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

The ordinary colour of the female is, I suspect, white, like the male, aud that the specimen 
figured may be considered as a variety. 



Mlf M FM AILEBIE . 

ERESIA.X . 







l^f^P 



'^ 84. ^ 




WC Hewiisrai dfiletMx Julyl^lS72 



M*.IT.Haa-ihavt, imp 



77.ERESIA MARGARETHA 
78. ERESIA LEVIN A 
80.ERESIA NERIA. 



8E 82. ERESIA ELAEA 

83 ERESIA OUINTILLA 
' 84-. ERESIA TLJJIGA . 



NUMPHALID.E. 

ERESIA, X. 



ERESIA MARGARETHA. 77. 

Upperside. Male, dark brown. Anterior wing with a large central irregular 
trifid yellow spot, a small yellow spot below this and a second similar spot near the 
costal margui beyond its middle, also yellow. Posterior wing with the basal half, 
except the costal margin, brick-red. 

Underside as above except that both wings are crossed by a submarginal series 
of white spots, that the anterior wing has a red spot near the base and a series of 
three white spots, the first quadrifid, near the costal margin beyond the middle, and 
that the centre of the posterior wing is dull carmine. 

Exp. 2^ iuch. Hab. New Granada. (Chesterton.) 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA LEVINA. 78. 



Uppekside. i\Iale, l)lue-black. Anterior wing crossed obliquely at the middle 
by a broad hexafid band of grey-blue. 

Undekside blue-black. Anterior wing with a large yellow quinquefid spot on 
the costal margin beyond its middle. Posterior wing with a series of six small yellow 
spots from the middle of the iiuier margin to the middle of the wing, and two spots 
of scarlet near the middle of the outer margin. 

Exp. 2 inch. Hab. Colombia. (Chesterton.) 

lu the Collection of W. W. Saunders. 



ERESIA NERIA. 80. 



U. Ni'ria, Hewitson. Entom. Monthly Maff.p. 98. Eqiiat. Lep. p. 27. 

Upperside. Male, dark brown. Anterior wing with a large triangular basal 
spot of rufous-orange divided by the nervures : the nerviu'e which closes the cell broad 
and black. 

Underside rufous-brown, with the nervures and lines between them black. 
Anterior wing with the basal spot as above. Posterior wing irrorated with yellow : 
the base yellow, with two red spots near it. 

Exp. l-j-j inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Sarayaco, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA ELiEA. 81, 82. 

Eresia Elaa, Hewitson. Equaforial Lep. jj. 25, 1869. 
Upperside. Female, dark brown. Anterior wing crossed at the middle by an 
oblique band of scarlet divided into four spots by the nervures : the first spot, which 
is nearer the base than the others, is within the ceil and quadrate. 

E 

PMkhed \st Jidij, 1S72.] 



NUMPHALID^. — ERESIA. 



Underside. Anterior wing as above, except that the apex is broadly rafous- 
grey with tlie nervurcs and lines between them black, and that the lowest spot 
of the scarlet band is extended to the outer margin and there intersected by black 
lines between the ncrvures. Posterior wing rutbns, with the nervures, lines 
between them, and a submarginal line black : two spots near the base and part of the 
outer margin scarlet. 

Exp. lf^,y inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Rio Verdi, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W, C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA QUINTILLA. 83. 

Upperside. Female, dark brown : the base of both wings rufous-orange, both 
wings crossed by a submarginal series of white spots. Anterior wing with a large black 
spot within the cell : crossed at the middle by a large heptafid yellow spot marked in 
its middle by a triangidar black spot which closes the cell. 

Underside as above. 

Exp. Sttj inch. Hab. Ecuador. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



ERESIA ILDICA. 84. 



E. lldica, Hewitson. Equatorial Lep. p. 24, 1809. 

Upperside. Female. Both wings with a submarginal series of white spots. 
Anterior wing ochreous-grey irrorated throughout witli brown, rufous towards the base 
and inner margin -. the nervures and the costal aiul outer margins dark brown, 
broad. Posterior wing orange, with the costal and outer margins dark brown, 
broad. 

Underside as above except that the anterior wing has the base pale yellow. 

Exp. 2^ inch. llab. Ecuador. (Aguano, Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Mr. Buckley's second collection contains a butterlly, a female, which though different in colour is 
I think a variety of this. It is semi-transpnretit lilac-grey white near the base of the posterior wing : 
the nervures and margins of both wings dark brown, traversed by a series of white spots. On the 
underside, which is paler, the bases of the anterior wing and of the costal margin of the posterior wing 
are yellow. This variety is nearly allied to E. Moesta, of Salvin. 



mirmiFmAiiAimM o 

JIJNONTA. 









W.C.Hr 
J. ' 



ilith,,10S4-. 

'; tIUNONIA EI.GIVA . 

;-. . tT'uno:nia ghapuega. 



PinntecS "by M iHir.mhrLiv 

4- . 5 . -JUTqONIA CU AM' A . 
6 . -JUNONIA A.R'rAXlA 



N Y M P H A L 1 D iE. 

JUNONIA. 



JUNONIA ELGIVA. 1. 

TJpPERSiDE. Female, rufous brown : both wings crossed beyond the middle by 
a continuous band of orange-yellow and two submarginal bands of dark brown. 
Anterior wing crossed in the cell, and beyond it by five lines of black : two minute 
white spots near the apex, and two or three black spots upon the transverse band. 
Posterior wing with a band of ocelli touching the outer border of the transverse 
band : the anal ocellus (which is double) and the next to it, brick-red, bordered with 
orange, and again with black : the pupils black, with centre of pale blue : the other 
ocelli are bhnd, with a rufous centre and border of black. 

Underside pale yellow. Both wings crossed beyond the middle by a band of 
ocelli ; on the anterior wing by five without pupils, the middle one represented by a 
pale yellow spot : on the posterior by six, three of which are pupilled with blue, the 
first, third, and fourth nearly obliterated. Anterior wing crossed before the middle by 
three zigzag rufous bands : clouded at the apex and marked with two minute white 
spots. Posterior wing with some indistinct spots and a curved linear rufous band 
near the base : crossed at the middle by a Uuear band of brown : the anal angle with 
a purple line. 

Expan. 2^ inch. Hab. Zambesi. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This species bears a close resemblance to J. Terea, but differs from it in various ways : in the 
absence of the line which passes through the transverse band of that species, and in having the upper 
margin of the said band clearly defined. My examples of J. Terea are very much less than J. Elgiva ; 
Cramer's and Drury's figures are, however, of the same size. 



JUNONIA CHAPUNGA. 2, 3. 

Upperside rufous brown. Both wings crossed beyond the middle by a common 
band of spots, commencing on the anterior wing by a quadrifid white spot, followed 
by three rufous spots with black centres, and on the posterior wing by five similar 
spots : both wings with a submarginal black hue. Anterior wing with three minute 
white spots, and four rufous spots near the apex. 

Underside rufous brown. Both wings crossed beyond the middle by a common 
band of white rufous on its outer border, traversed by a line of small black spots, 
bifurcate on the anterior wing, where some of the black spots are centred with white. 
Anterior wing with three indistinct bands before the middle, posterior wing with 
one similar band : both wings with the outer margin rufous. 

Expan. 2^5 inch. Hab. Zambesi. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This may be a variety of J. Pelasgis of Godart, and although the broad transverse band of that 
species is only represented on the upperside of this by round spots, it has the band, as in that species, 
on the underside. 

7:. R 



NTMPHALID^ — JUNONIA. 



JUNONIA CUAMA. 4, 5. 

Upperside rufous. Botli wings with the outer margin broadly brown, traversed 
by a hne of brown, and bordered inwardly by a line of the same colour : both wings 
with a band of small black spots, two of which, near the apex of the anterior wing, 
have white centres. Anterior wing with a spot in the cell, a spot at the end of the 
cell, a transverse broken band (from margin to margin) of irregular spots, and a large 
S])ot near the apex, all dark brown. Posterior wing with a large black spot on the 
costal margin, and two smaller spots below it. 

Underside rufous and lilac brown. Both wings with several indistinct spots 
near the base: both crossed near the middle by an indistinct band of paler colour: 
both with a band of indistinct rufous spots ; posterior wing with a submarginal band 
of indistinct spots. 

Expan. 2-n7 inch. Hab. Zambesi. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



JUNONIA AETAXIA. 6. 

Upperside. Anterior wing grey blue : the centre blue black : the margin 
rufous brown : the cell crossed by five bands of black : two minute white spots near 
the apex, and three bands of brown near the outer margin. Posterior wing rufous 
brown with a crimson ocellus, with pupil of lilac and yellow iris bordered with black 
and two indistinct submarginal bands of brown. 

Underside grey brown. Anterior wing crossed before the middle by three 
rufous brown bands : beyond the middle by a curved band of purple brown : marked 
at the apex by three minute black spots, and below them, near the outer margin, by 
several rufous and brown spots. Posterior wing crossed at the middle from the 
costal margin to the anal angle by a linear rufous band, with its outer border broadly 
brown ; clouded near the base by some indistinct spots, and marked beyond the band 
by an indistinct blind ocellus, and some minute black spots ; and nearer the margin 
by a curved black line. 

Expan. 2i^ inch. Hab. Zambesi. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

On the underside this species has a near resemblance of J. Iphita. 

The butterflies represented in the accompanying plate were collected by Mr. John Dickinson, of 
Jarrow, in the county of Durham, who was appointed surgeon to the Universities' Mission to Central 
Africa, under Bishop Mackenzie, but unfortunately did not live to return to England. The collections 
in the various branches of Natural History which have reached his relations, show the zeal with which 
he must have prosecuted the pursuit. To the generosity of his relations I owe the pleasure of 
publishing these new species, and of adding them and others of equal interest to my collection. 



^MP MAIL 11 Big..,. 

CYBDEI.IS I 










wo £l.:mtson,di>l. ot,]ith:1852. 



PmtediyHtdlmimdd^ Walton 



1. CYBDELIS CONCORDIA.; 

2. CYBDELIS CINARAS 

3. CYBDELIS CELMA t 



4 CYBDELIS CASTALIA.J 
5,6.C^/BDELIS CLYTIAn 
7 CYBDELIS EUROTAf (CTameri) 



NYMPHALID^. 

CYBDELIS. Boisditval. 



CYBDELIS COIfCORDIA. 1. 

UrPERSiBE dark brown, glossed with bright purple from the base to bejond the 
middle of both wings. Anterior wing with three clouded white spots. 

UsDERSiDE. Anterior wing with the base and margins light brown, the centre black, 
with six white spots, (two clouded,) one which is near the base, and joined to a black spot, 
iunular ; apex ashj' purple. Posterior wing ashy purple, with a white space between two dark 
brown spots on the outer margin, followed, beyond the middle, by two waved transverse lines 
of brown, inclosing four eyes in pairs, black pupilled with white, irides the colour of the wing, 
the upper pair oblong and inclosed by one iris. 

Expan. 2^- in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collection of Mr. Bates. 



CYBDELIS CINARA. 2. 

Upperside. Anterior wing, from the base to beyond the middle and the posterior 
wing, except the margins, glossed with brilliant purple, the rest black. 

Underside. Anterior wing brown, lighter at the base and inner margin, with three 
equidistant short belts of white between the costal and median nervures, a white spot below 
the middle belt. Apex gray, with two small black eyes, one pupilled with blue. Posterior 
wing with two spots of dark brown near the base, followed by two very irregular transverse 
bands of the same colour composed of spots (chiefly triangular) inclosing three black eyes, irides 
yellow, pupils blue ; the upper eye, which is large and crossed by a uervure, has two pupils. 

Expan. 2^ in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collection of Mr. Bates. 

CYBDELIS CELMA. 3. 

Upperside dark dull purple brown. Posterior wing with two indistinct black eyes and 
a submarginal waved line of light blue. 

Underside. Anterior wing brown, with three equidistant short belts of light blue 
between the costal margin and median nervure ; apex gray, with a large rufous iris inclosing 
two black eyes, one pupilled with blue. Posterior wing marbled with light brown and purple, 
outer margin gray ; near the base three brown spots followed by two very waved brown lines 
Avhich inclose three black eyes, irides rufous, pupils blue, the upper eye large and crossed by a 
nervure. 

Expan. 2^ in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collection of Mr. Bates. 

This and the preceding species are very much alike on the underside ; above, however, they differ much. 
Whilst C. Cinara is of a beautiful glossy blue purple, C. Celma is quite dull and purple brown. 



NYMPHALIDiE CYBDELIS. 



CYBDELIS CASTALIA. 4. 

TJpPERSiDE dark brown. Both wings glossed with purple from the base to beyond the 
middle, margins excepted. 

UNDERSIDE. Anterior wing with the base and inner margin gray ; centre black, with 
five white spots, one (within the cell) lunular ; apex brick-red. Posterior wing brick-red 
tinged with purple, with two spots of red-brown near the base, followed beyond the middle by 
two waved lines of the same colour inclosing four eyes, in pairs, black, pupils Avhite, irides 
same colour as the wing, the upper pair in one iris. 

Expan. 2 in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



CYBDELIS CLYTIA. 5, 6. 

Upperside. Male, dark brown ; both wings dull purple from the base to beyond the 
middle. Female light brown; apical half of the anterior wing dark brown, with five pure 
white spots. 

Underside. Both sexes nearly alike. Anterior wing with the base and margins gray ; 
centre dark brown with the spots as above (clouded in the male) ; apex ashy white. Posterior 
wing ash}' white, with three transverse waved black lines, the two lower inclosing four eyes in 
pairs, black, pupils blue, irides same colour as the wing, upper pair in one iris. 

Expan. 2^ in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Colleotions of AV. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

The five insects described above would form part of the third section of the genus Miscelia of Doubleday 
in the "Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera." I have, however, preferred to adopt the genus Cybdelis of Boisduval. 
Two of the insects which form the second section (Catonephele) of the genus Myscelia, have been proved by 
Mr. Bates to be females of the orange-banded Epicalias, and I have now no doubt that the butterfly, which I 
have figured in the first part of this work as M. Samaria, is also a female of an Epioalia. When that plate 
was published I was unwilling to adopt the genus Miscelia, but was then ignorant of Mr. Bates' discovery. 
The genus Miscelia must therefore cease. 



CYBDELIS EUROTA. 7. 
P. Eurota, Cramer. Callianira Eiirota, Doubleday. 

Upperside brown. Apical half of the anterior wing black, with an oblique band of three 
white spots across the middle, and two smaller spots between them and the apex. 

Underside red brown. Centre of anterior wing black, with the five white spots of 
the upperside, and a lunular brown spot near the base. Posterior wing as in the male. 

This is the female of P. Eurota, Cramer, and Callianira Eurota, of the " Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera." 
I cannot understand why Mr. Doubleday has separated this from the other species of Cybdelis. It will be seen 
by the figures how closely they resemble each other in appearance, and, upon closer e.iamination, I can see no 
reason whatever for their separation. 



cybdelis.il 




14, 






plater' - 





'1*11 11 



10 





WCnewitsan, ^e] ^ lit'hl^^?. 



rrmtd3}fyEiiUTnaijieL S^'Waltoo- 



8.9, CYBDELIS DIOTIMA. 'll 12. CYBDELIS CARETA 
10. CYBDELIS BECHINA. 13 CYBDELIS NORICA. 

14,15. C^-BDELIS ? PUARSALIA 



N Y M P H A L I D .E. 

CYBDELIS. 



CYBDELIS DIOTIMA. 8, 9. 

Upperside. Male, brown. Anterior wing with four spots of light blue. The first 
at the base, trifid ; the second at the costal margin beyond the middle ; the third half- 
way between the second and the anal angle ; the fourth near the apex partly white. 

Ua'derside. Light brown. Anterior wing with the centre dark brown ; a large 
orange spot in the cell, an oblong spot of white on the middle of the costal margin, and 
a waved line of brown across the apex. Posterior wing with the costal margin sinuated, 
very angular at the base, where it is marked by a line of white, succeeded by a waved 
line of black. Some scarcely seen spots of lighter colour near the middle, and a row of 
indistinct lunules parallel to the outer margin. 

Expan. li in. Hab. Bolivia and Quito. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

The palpi of this species are almost as long as those of C. Cuvierii (Lybithea Cuvierii, Godt.) 



CYBDELIS BECHINA. 10. 

Upperside. Male. Dark brown. Both wings glossed with purple, in the middle. 
Anterior wing with the usual five spots ; four white, the middle one clouded with 
brown. Posterior wing with a submarginal black line. 

UxDERSiDE. Anterior wing with the base and margins light brown ; the centre 
dark brown with the five spots as above ; two white, three clouded with brown. Two 
black spots near the base ; one in the cell, the other on the inner margin. The apex 
light brown, with a silky gloss, crossed by a waved line of brown. Posterior wing light 
brown, with a silky gloss ; two .spots of black near the base, two lines of the same 
colour on the costal margin at right angles with it ; the longest, which is near the 
middle, followed by a linear spot of white upon the margin, and touching the black spot 
of the anterior wing. Wing crossed by the usual two zig-zag lines of brown, with 
between them six indistinct circles (scarcely eyes) also brown. 

Expan. 2^ in. Hab. River Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



CYBDELIS CARET A. 11, 12. 
Upperside. Anterior wing of a dark dull purple brown, with three of the usual 



G 



NYMPHALID^ CYBDELIS. 



spots ; two near the apex white, one near the outer margin light brown. Posterior 
wing dark brown, with a submarginal line of black. 

Underside. Anterior wing with the base and margins light brown, the centre dark 
brown, with the usual five spots, and a triangular one near the base white or nearly so ; 
apex ash-colour, crossed by two waved lines of black ; a black eye with pupil blue, joins 
one of the apical white spots. Posterior wing clouded with red-brown and grey ; two linear 
black spots across the cell, and a zig-zag black line near the base followed on the costal mar- 
gin by a patch of white and a triangular spot of red-brown. Wing crossed by two waved 
lines of black with between them five small black eyes with iris rufous, and pupil white. 

Expan. 2-i- in. Hab. River Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

I believe this species to be nearly allied to C. Cojlina (Vanessa Coelina, Godt.). 



CYBDELIS NORICA. 13. 

Upperside. Dull black. Lower half of the posterior wing glossed with bright blue. 

Underside. Anterior wing light brown, clouded with darker brown in the centre ; 
a black spot within the cell ; a spot of white a little beyond the end of the cell ; a 
round spot near the apex, and a line across the apex, black. Posterior wing light brown 
with a silky gloss. Divided longitudinally in a line with the median nervure by a band 
of lighter colour. Between this band and the upper margin commencing at the base 
are a belt of dark brown, two large spots, a small linear spot and a second belt of the 
same colour, followed by a large, very black eye with a double pupil of blue, and iris the 
colour of the wing. Between the band and the inner margin an oblique belt of dark 
brown, two small eyes, and a line also brown. A submarginal macular band of brown. 

Expan. 2^ in. Hab. Columbia. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This is the male of a species allied to P. Amelia, and P. Sophonisba of Cramer, which are females. 
It is a Callianira of the " Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera." 



CYBDELIS PHARSALIA. 14, 15. 

Upperside. Male with wings of a beautiful lilac-purple except the margins, which 
are brown. Anterior wing darker than the other, with three spots of orange. The 
first near the base to which it is joined by a ray of red-brown ; the second near 
the costal margin beyond its middle ; the third between the second and the outer margin. 

Underside. Anterior wing with the base ferruginous, the centre brown, with the 
second and third spots as above, the apex grey with a line of four black spots across it. 
Posterior wing clouded with grey and white, undulated throughout with transverse 
lines of brown. 

Expan. 1^ in. Hab. River Amazon. 

In the Collection of Mr. Bates. 

This butterfly differs considerably from the other species of Cybdelis in the form of the club of the 
antennae as well as the position of the costal nervules ; I know no better place for it at present. 



CYB DELIS, m. 






"W C-Hswitsoji, Uotltth.. 

16 17 CTBDELrS GAPEKAS 
18 19 CTBDELIS CARALIS. 



P-rintenoyHullmaJulel 8t Walton 



20- CTBDELIS CAKESA 
21. 22, CYBDELIS C ARIAS. 



N Y M P H A L I D iE. 

CYRDELIS. III. 



CYBDELIS CAPENAS. IG, 17. 

Upperside. Male. Anterior wing blue-black with four light blue spots before 
the middle; three of them (two of which are within the cell), triangular; the fourth, 
minute and round. Crossed beyond the middle obliquely by a band of white. Near 
the apex an oblong bitid spot of light blue, with the centre white. Posterior wing 
brown, with the base, a cloud across the middle, and two bands parallel to the outer 
margin, darker brown. Towards the anal angle a small black spot, with the centre; 
light blue. 

Underside light brown. Anterior wing with the white band as above, but 
bordered on its outer edge with lilac. The spot near the apex iiulistinet and whiti'. 
Posterior wing crossed before the middle and near the outer margin by a line of 
darker brown, and at the nuddle by a band of lilac and a cloud of brown nuirked by 
two minute black spots, one with the centre blue. 

Expan. 2-2T)in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



CYBDELIS CARALIS. 18, 19. 

Upperside. Male dark brown, slightly glossed with blue from the base to 
beyond the middle ; lighter brown near the outer margins, especially on the anterior 
wing. 

Underside. Anterior wing light brown, clouded with darker brown ; the apex 
grey. Posterior wing grey or ])urple-brown, clouded by darker colour. The base 
also darker. 

Expan. 2^^ in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

It is much easier to figure this species than to describe it. It is nearly allied to the next, 
C. Caresa. There is some difference of form as well as of colour. This is also without the con- 
spicuous white margin of the other. 



NTMPHALIDjE — CYBDELIS. 



CYBDELIS CARESA. 20. 

Upperside. Male black, glossed with brilliant purple ; on the anterior wing from 
the base to beyond the middle ; on the posterior wing to the end of the cell only ; the 
margins white. 

Underside. Anterior wing dark brown, with the base, a curved line across the 
cell, a baud across the middle, and the inner margin, lighter brown. The apex 
grey, with a black spot. Posterior wing from the base nearly to the middle 
purple-brown, marked with rufous spots. The apex of the same colour. The rest 
of the wing grey or rufous. Two indistinct eye-like spots between the median 
nervules. 

Variety with the base of the posterior wing on the underside all rufous instead 
of purple, the rest grey. 

Expan. 2^0 in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Except that it is larger C. Caresa does not differ on the upperside from C. Sidonia of Godart ; 
on the underside it is very variable. 



CYBDELIS CARIAS. 21, 22. 

Upperside. Female dark brown. The outer half of the anterior wing and the 
apex of the posterior wing rufous-brown. Posterior wing glossed with blue from the 
base to beyond the middle. 

Underside. Anterior wing dark brown, with the base lighter crossed by three 
black lines. The apex red-brown, with some minute lilac spots. Posterior wing 
brick-red, with three short black lines (one near the base, two within the cell). Crossed 
before the middle by a very curved black line, and marked beyond it by three very 
indistinct eye-like spots surrounded with lilac. 

Expan. 2^ in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



CYBDELIS. IV 








\V5r?4 



23 
\ / 



29 



\ / 





WCHewitson dd et liOi J9nl'-lU69 



M & H Hmbart imp 



23 24 CYBDELIS CALAMIS. 
25, CYBDELIS CARCASES. 



Zb 27 CYBDELIS CECIDAS. 
28 29 CYBDELIS CAMPASPE 



NYMPHALIDiE. 

CYBDELIS IV. 



CYBDELIS CALAMIS. 23, 24. 

Upperside. Male, dark brown. Anterior wing glossed with lilac-blue : a white 
spot on the costal margin, beyond the middle : a second white spot between this and 
the apex : a trifid pale green-blue spot near the anal angle. 

Underside. Anterior wing with the basal half (except the base of the costal 
margin, which is grey) carmine ; the apical half (except the apex, which is rnfous-grey) 
black, with the white spots as above, except that the spot nearest the apex has a lilac- 
white spot on each side of it. Posterior wing grey, tinted with red towards the apex 
and outer margin : crossed, at a right angle with it, from the middle of the costal margin 
by a black line, crossed obliquely between the median nervules by an undulated 
black line, both bordered outwardly by paler colour : a submarginal zigzag line and 
the outer margin carmine. 

Exp. 1^ inch. Hab. Bolivia (Apolobamba). 

In the Collectiou of Messrs. Salvin and Godnian. 



CYBDELIS CARDASES. 25. 

Upperside. Male, dark brown. Anterior wing, except the margins, blue-black : 
a band from the base (interrupted by the median nervure), two spots beyond this, a 
spot on the costal margin beyond the middle, and a line at the inner margin, all blue : 
a subapical bifid white spot. 

Underside. Anterior wing black : the base and costal margin grey -white : 
a large spot within the cell, a bifid spot between the median nervures, half of a band 
from the middle of the costal margin, all carmine ; the other half of the said baud, 
and a subapical spot, white : the apex rufous. Posterior wing rufous-brown, with 
the costal margin near the base white : a pale spot on the middle of the costal 
maro-in with the margin on each side of it black : crossed by two zigzag brown 
lines. 

Exp. 1^^ inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Very nearly allied to C. Diotima, from which it scarcely differs on the upperside. On the under 
side it is adorned with two carmine spots which do not e.xist in C. Diotima. 

Q 



:NY.MPHALIDiE. — CYBDELIS. 



CYBDELIS CECIDAS. 26, 27. 

Upperside. Male, blue-black. Anterior wing with two longitudinal bands 
from the base, two spots between the median nervures, and a spot near the costal 
margin (the upper part of which is white) green-blue : a subapical spot of green. 
Posterior wing with a subraarginal band of pale grey-blue lunular spots. 

Underside. Anterior wing with the basal half carmine ; the apical half black, 
brown towards the outer margin : a spot, lilac and white, at the middle of the costal 
margin : a large subapical spot of lilac bordered outwardly by a zigzag black line. 
Posterior wing dentatcd rufous, dark brown tinted with purple towards the outer 
margin, spotted in the middle ; crossed near the outer margin by a band dentated 
outwardly and bordered narrowly with carmine, the spaces between the dentations 
slightly marked with white : the base of the costal margin white. 

Exp. 1 1^ inch. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



CYBDELIS CAMPASPE. 28, 29. 

Upperside. Male, blue-black. Anterior wing Avith a longitudinal spot at the base, 
a spot nearly touching this, two spots (one very small) between the median nervures 
and a bifid spot on the costal margin, all brilliant blue : a small brown spot touching 
the blue spot near the costal margin, and a subapical white spot. Posterior wing with 
a large central trifid spot of green-blue. 

Underside, red-brown. Anterior wing with the centre black, bordering a large 
irregular sinuated spot of carmine : a white spot at the middle of the costal margin, 
and a lilac spot before the apex which is marked by three small brown spots. Pos- 
terior wing with three central brown spots : crossed before the middle by a curved 
black line, and beyond the middle by a zigzag band bordered inwardly with dark 
purple-brown : a large pale spot on the middle of the costal margin with the margin 
on each side of it black : a minute spot near this and the base of the costal margin 
white. 

Exp. 1-j^ inch. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitsou. 



'M]PM^ILIIin)JI.o 



EPIPHTLE.BoisauvJ. 




VCHpwitE.m. del et htK 



Printeity KuIlmaTniel itW,iJt02L 



1 2 EPIPHILE EPIMEFES 
3 4. EPIPHELE EPICASTE, 5. -6. EPIPHILE EP-rOPIS. 



NYMPHALIDJE. 

EPIPHILE. 



EPIPHILE EPIMENES. 1, 2. 

Upperside. Male black, glossed, from the base to beyond the middle, with bril- 
liant silvery blue. Anterior wing crossed at the middle by a macular rufous baud, 
changing, as the light changes, to a most beautiful pink. Crossed near the apex by 
three spots, two of them rufous, the other (the middle one) white. Posterior v.ing 
with the apex rufous. 

Underside. Anterior wing dark brown, the base and the band (which is as 
above) rufous ; near the apex there is a rufous eye-like spot inclosing a spot of white 
and one of black. The apex grey or red-brown. Two spots near the outer maro-in 
and one beyond the end of the cell light blue. Posterior wing red-brown, clouded 
from the costal margin (which is marked by a silvery triangular spot) to the middle 
Avith darker brown. Beyond the middle there are four eye-like spots in pairs, those 
nearest the anal angle very indistinct. 

Expan. 2-j^o in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

The bkie upon the wings of this species is not surpassed by any of the Morphos. It passes over 
the rufous band and changes it, in a bright light, to a most e.xquisite pink. 



EPIPHILE EPICASTE. 3, 4. 

Upperside. Male black. The centre of the wings (especially the posterior) 
glossed with purple. Both wings crossed by a band of orange commencing in the cell 
of the anterior wing and ending near the middle of the outer margin of the posterior 
wing. Anterior wing from the base to the said band (above the median nervm-e) 
orange, marked by three black spots. Crossed obliquely beyond the middle from 
the costal margm to near the anal angle (where it ends in a round spot) by a siuuated 
band of orange. A spot of orange on the costal margin near the apex, and below it a 
spot of white. 

Underside. Anterior wing as above, but lighter. The base without the black 
spots. The apex red-brown, with both the spots near it white, and a third spot beloA\' 
them black marked by a minute spot of light blue. Posterior wing clouded with 
red-brown and grey, with the usual silvery spot on the costal margin. Beyond the 
middle four indistinct eye-like spots in pairs ; near the margin .some triangular and 
lunular spots of brown. 

Expan. 2-2-0 ii^- Hab. New Granada. 
In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



NYMPHALIDJi — EPIPHILE. 



EPIPHILE ERIOPIS. 5, G. 

Upperside. Male black. Posterior wing slightly purple. Both wings crossed 
by a broad band of orange which commences near the base of the anterior wing and 
proceeds in a nearly direct line to the middle of the outer margin of the posterior 
winf, where it curves towards the anal angle, and is marked by a small black spot. 
Anterior wing crossed beyond the middle by a band of white from the costal 
margin to near the anal angle, where it is divided into spots. Apex with a small 
yellow spot. 

Underside. Anterior wing as above, but lighter, with a double eye-like spot 
near the apex, one-half spotted with white, the other with black and white. The apex 
red-brown and orange-yellow, with several minute spots of lilac-white, two of them 
near the middle of the outer margin. Posterior wing varied with orange-yeUow and 
red-brown, darker from the base to the middle. The silvery spot on the costal 
margin large. Beyond the middle four eye-like spots iu pairs, those nearest 
the anal angle indistinct. A row of white spots near the outer margin. 

Expan. 2 -To in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This species is most nearly allied to Nyraphalis Chrysites of Latreille. figured in Humboldt and 
Bonplnnd " Obs. de Zoology." The same broad orange band crosses the wings of both. 



lfTMFMAL[.Iin)iEo 

EPIPHILE. n & PAROMI A 




W C Fewitson. dd etliSi. 186! 

7^X e>iUf.i^6'/. 



Printed tyWaltei- k Conn 



1. 2. PAP.OMIA PiJLCHFvA, 
7 6. EPIPHILE OREA m, 9 10 L EPIPHILE ADRASTA. 



N Y M P H A L I D ^. 

PAROMIA, Hemtson. 



Thorax moderately robust, abdomen rather long, slender. Eyes small, smooth. 
Palpi robust, thickly clothed with scales. Antennas rather long, slender, terminated 
in an oblong club. 

Anterior wing trigonate ; costal margin arched ; outer margin short, very 
slightly sinuated at the middle ; inner margin slightly sinuated at the middle. Costal 
nervure robust, not reaching to the middle of the wing, subcostal nervure slender, 
with four branches, the first and second nearly together before the end of the 
discoidal cell, the third and fom-th at a distance from the first pair and from each 
other. Discoidal cell short, closed ; the upper disco-cellular nervure very short, 
the second about half the length of the third, curved inwards ; the third long and 
united to the third median nervule at its base. 

Posterior wing circular. Costal nervm'e continued to the apex of the wing. 
Discoidal cell short, closed. The upper disco-cellular nervme (rising a little below 
the first branch of the subcostal nervure) half the length of the second, joining the 
median nervure at the base of the third branch. 

Fore-legs of the male rather long, slender, clothed with long hair, femvu- longer 
than the tibia, tarsus longer than either. 

Hind-legs long, smooth ; the femora longer than the tibia, the tibiae and tarsi 
of nearly equal length. 



PAROMIA PULCHRA. 1, 2. 

Upperside. Male black. Anterior wing, with the base and a broad oblique 
transverse band sinuated inwardly, scarlet. Posterior wing with a large oblong 
central scarlet spot. 

Underside. Anterior wing as above, except that the apex is brown. Posterior 
wing rufous, with a spot on the costal margin before its middle, and a broad trans- 
verse band beyond the middle, red-brown ; the band bordered outwardly with dull 
lilac, and marked towards the anal angle by a minute spot, half black, half light blue. 

Expan. 2-rijiu- Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

There is no genus in this group with which Paromia can be associated. If its general 
appearance were to guide one it might be placed with Catagramma; in colour it scarcely differs on 
the upperside from C. Cynosura, but has the discoidal cell of both wings closed. Its nearest alliance is 
with Epiphile ; its palpi are however of different form, its anterior wings are not truncate, and it is 
without the remarkable silvery spot which marks the costal margin on the underside of all the species 
of Epiphile. 

3 p 



Nl'MPHALIDJL — EPIPHILE. 



EPIPHILE. II. 



EPIPHILE ORE A.' ? 7, 8. 

Zemenis Orea Hubner Samml, Exot. Schnett. 

Hubner has figured the males of two species as the sexes of Orea. I have here 
figured the female of his figs. 1 and 2, and for the butterfly given by him at 
figs. 3 and 4 of the same plate as the female of his Orea, I propose the name of 
Epiphile Hubneri as a tribute to the memory of a man whose exquisite figures of 
butterflies give me pleasure every time I see them. 



EPIPHILE ADRASTA. 9, 10, 11. 

Upperside. Male black, crossed transversely by two bands of orange-yellow. 
The first band broad, of nearly uniform breadth, common to both wings, commences 
at the costal margin of the anterior wing near the base and continues through the 
posterior wing to the middle of its outer margin where it becomes wider. Anterior 
wing crossed obliquely from margin to margin by a band of the same colour ; a 
small white spot near the apex. The apex rufous. 

Underside as above, but paler, except that the apex has two ocelli ; one with 
the white spot (described above) as its centre, the other with a pupil of black. 
Posterior wing grey-brown, clouded before the middle by rufous-brown with the 
usual silvery-white spot on the costal margin and four indistinct ocelli in pairs beyond 
the middle. 

Female differs from the male in having the base of the anterior wing, and the 
whole of the posterior wing (except the apex, which is black), rufous, and the band 
of the anterior wing of a pale yellow, more sinuated, and not reaching to the outer 
margin, and in having a small black spot and submarginal band. On the underside 
the sexes are alike. 

Expan. 2-2^ in. Hab. Mexico. 

In the Collections of Y/. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

I have adopted the name bj' which this .species stands in the collection of Dr. Boisduval, at the 
same time that I enter my protest against the custom (so prevalent on the Continent) of giving 
manuscript names to insects. 



EUBAGIS 1, 




\ / 













PrmtfliylMImmdel StWallon 



1 EUBAU-ia t'EBJNA.CFabr) ■ 4 6,6,EUBAGIS DECIMA. 
2.3 EHBAGIS RACIDDLA, Z8.EUBAGIS ERCHIA. ' 



N Y M P H A L I D ^. 

EUBAGIS I. 



EUBAGIS SERIN A. 1. 
F. Serina, Fabricius. N. Serina, Godart. 

E. Serina has not been figured before, and as there are three other species very like it, I have thought 
it well to figure it. It is very closely allied to Postverta, to Dionis of Hubner (Zutr. 871) as well as to 
Zetes of Menetries (Mem. Soc. Imp. des Nat. de Moscou) ; but differs from them all in the form of the 
central band of the underside. In E. Serina this band is narrowest at the inner margin of the wing, 
in the other three species it is widest. 



EUBAGIS RACIDULA. 2, 3. 

Upperside. JVIale, blue green. Anterior wing with seven slightly tinted, almost 
white spots ; apex and outer margin broadly black. Posterior wing crossed midway 
by a ray of lighter colour, the outer margin black, divided by a line of green. 

Underside. Anterior wing with the base orange, the apex rufous, the centre 
dark brown with the spots as above, but whiter ; the two spots near the apex blended into 
one. The space between the costal nervures, and three small spots in the cell silvery 
blue. Posterior wing silvery white with the outer margin and two bands orange, bor- 
dered with black. The first band before the middle, nearly straight, curved to join 
the second band and the outer margin at the anal angle, and marked with two spots 
of blue ; the second, curved and parallel to the outer margin to which it is joined at 
])oth ends. The outer margin with double lunulas of white. 

Expan. 1^ in. Ilab. Paver Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

This species, though identical with S. Tithia of Hubner (Zutr. 391) on the upperside, differs 
from it considerably below. It is also closely allied to E. Irma of Godart, (Nymphalis Irma End. Met). 



EUBAGIS DECIMA. 4, 5, G. 

Upperside. Male gold-green. Anterior wing with the costal and outer margins 
and a broad space at the apex, black. Two spots across the apex ; one large and green, 
the other small and white. The spots of the underside seen indistinctl}' through. 
Posterior wing lightest in the middle ; the outer margin black, divided by a line of green. 

Ua'derside. Anterior wing with the base (except the costal margin which is 



7^ 



/S C-iL> 



NYMPHALID^ EUBAGIS I. 



white) and outer margin rufous. The rest brown, with seven large spots and a small 
one on the outer margin, white. The space between the costal nervures, a line near 
the outer margin, and several small spots of silvery blue. Posterior wing silvery white, 
with the base, the outer margin and two transverse bands rufous, bordered with 
black. The first band before the middle, straight, and marked with spots of blue ; 
the second parallel to the outer margin, and joined to it at both ends. The anal 
angle marked with two lines of blue. 

Female brown, with two bands and four spots of white ; (the bands common to 
both wings). The first band which commences above the median nervure of the 
anterior wing, ends at the inner margin of the posterior wing near the base ; the 
second which commences at the middle of the anterior wing, becomes very broad when 
it reaches the posterior wing. Two of the spots on the anterior wing are in a line with 
the first band ; the other two are near the outer margin. Posterior wing with a sub- 
marginal line of light purple brown. 

Expan. 1^ in. Hab. Piiver Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



EUBAGIS ERCIIIA. 7, 8. 

Uppersidk. Male, orange. Anterior wing with the base and inner margin 
green. Costal margin with two triangular spots upon it, and a line across the apex, 
lio-ht brown. Apex and outer margin dark brown. Posterior wing with inner half 
green, outer margin brown, divided by a line of lighter colour. 

Underside. Anterior wing orange, with sevei'al indistinct spots of lighter colour 
and clouds of brown ; base of the costal margin and a band across the apex pure 
white ; costal and outer margins rufous. The space between the costal nervures, three 
spots near it, and a line near the outer margin silvery blue. Posterior wing with the 
base, the outer margin and two bands rufous, bordered with brown. The first band 
broad and straight ; the second curved and parallel to the outer margin, to which it is 
joined at both ends ; the three united on the costal margin. Five spots of silvery 
blue upon the first band ; three dotted with black upon the second near the anal 
angle, and a line of the same colour, near the outer margin, from the anal angle to the 
middle of the wing where it is followed by a border of white. 

Expan. \f^ in. Hab. River Amazon. 

In the Collection of Mr. Bates. 



EUBAGIS n. 





\ -/ 







W C. Hswiucnv, dii] et lith.J857 



Prmted.l])rHullBisai£eI &."Wa}tan 



'/■ 



9 EUBA&IS RACIDULA? 
10. EIJBAGIS ERCHIA f 



11.12. EUBA&IS GISELLA 
13 14 15 EIJBAGIS ONIAS 



N Y M P H A L I D J^. 

EUBAGIS. II. 



EUBAGIS RACIDULA. $ 9. 
S E. Bacidula. Hew. Exot. But. Vol. 1, PL 33. 

EUBAGIS ERG HI A. ? 10. 
5 E. Erchia. Hew. Exot. But. Vol. \, PL 33. 

EUBAGIS GISELLA. 11, 12. 

Upperside. INIale purple. Anterior wing with the costal and outer margins 
and the apical half black. Eour wliite spots beyond the middle irregularly placed, 
two on the pm'ple, two on the black, three of them almost in a line across the wing. 
Posterior wing with the margins black. 

Underside. Anterior wing dark brown, the margins rufous. The costal margin 
at the base, a longitudinal band within the cell, another short band below, near and 
parallel to it, five spots, (tluee as above, but larger,) and a band across the apex, 
white. A line in the cell touching the costal nei-vure, a spot in the cell and a spot 
just beyond it silvery blue. Posterior wing dull silvery white, with four transverse 
equidistant bands, and the outer margin rufous. Between the fourth band and the 
outer margin two eye-like black spots, with pupils of silvery blue, a black spot near 
the anal angle also marked with blue. Both wings with a submargiual faint line of 
blue. 

Expan. 1^0 in. Ilab. New Granada. 

Ill the CoUectiou of W. C. Ilewitson. 

This species is especially interesting, personating as it does on the upper side a Cybdelis, whilst 
on the underside it is so true to this genus. 



fAJ-ii^L^ '' /ay. 



NYMPH ALID.E EUBAGIS. 



EUBAGIS ONIAS. 13, 14, 15. 

Upperside. Male (i3) clouded green, the outer margins black. Anterior wing 
rufous in places where the white spots of the underside are seen through. A small 
black spot near the end of the cell. The apex broadly black. 

Underside. Anterior wing black. The cell and the costal and outer margins rufous. 
The costal margin at the base and ten spots white, two within the cell connected by a 
curved line of silvery blue, one between them and the inner margin, a fourth (minute) 
just beyond the end of the cell (partly blue), three placed transversely near the middle, 
the eighth (a large one) across the apex traversed by a rufous line, one between it and 
the anal angle and joined to it by a line of blue, and one (a small one) at the said 
angle ; a spot of blue between the fourth white spot and the costal margin. Posterior 
wing white, with a transverse band near the base, a second (a broad one) before the 
middle traversed by a line of silvery blue from the costal margin to its middle, and from 
its middle to the inner margin by one of white («// hliie in the female). Two serai- 
circular spaces, each marked by a round black spot, and the outer margin, rufous. 
The two black spots and a third near the anal angle marked with silvery blue. Apex 
white. Both wings with a subn)argiual blue line. 

Female (u, 15) dark brown. Anterior wing with seven spots of white, one 
within the cell, one below it (forming part of a band which crosses the posterior wing), 
three in a line across the middle, the sixth (minute) near the apex, the seventh between 
it and the anal angle. Posterior Aving with two transverse bands, one near the base, 
the other (a broad one) at the midcUe, and a submarginal curved line of neutral colour. 

Expan. 1 -j^o ill- Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

Closely allied to E. Postverta, but abundantly distinct. 



IfTMFIBIAJLIIBiE, 

EUBAGIS m. 






// 



V r. / 






\ " / 



\ ^V 





9 



Pi-73it»A'b^itidbnfiiTi(ii3L ^-Ws'lUni- 



iS ANUBIS. 



Ad- IS N'E(H:i;j 



NYMPHALIDiE. 

EUBAGIS. III. 



EUBAGIS ANUBIS. 16, 17. 

Upperside. Male white, margined with black. Anterior wing with the base 
blue, forming one side of a semicircular space which occupies most of the inner 
margin and extends to the middle of the wing. The remainder of the wing black 
with three white spots ; one at the costal margin beyond its middle, two near the 
outer margin. Posterior wing white, its outer margin with a narrow border of black. 

Underside as above, except that the margins of both wings are rufous ; that the 
spot nearest the apex of the anterior wing is extended across the apex ; that there are 
two lines (one curved at the end), and a spot between them of a sUvery-blue, near the 
base of the costal margin ; a similar line between the two spots nearest the outer 
margin, and another running parallel and near to the said margin ; and that the 
posterior wing has a triangular rufous spot, bordered with black, on the middle of the 
costal margin. 

Female (figs. i6, 17) differs above in having the outer margin of the posterior 
wing much broader. On the underside it has the same narrow, rufous margin as the 
male, traversed by a line of blue and parallel to it (united with it at both ends) a band of 
brown. 

Expan. l|-f in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



EUBAGIS AMPLIAS. 18, 19, 20. 

Upperside. Male black and green. Anterior wing black, -ndth a broad 
longitudinal band of green from the base to beyond the middle curved towards the 
outer margin, touching a spot near the anal angle. Two spots of green near the apex. 
Posterior wing with a broad central transverse band of green. 

Underside brown, with bands and spots white. A baud of white, common 
to both wings, commences at the median nervnre of the anterior wing, and continues 
to the inner margin of the posterior wing near the base. Anterior wing with six spots, 
and the costal margin at the base white ; one spot near the commencement of the 
white band, three in a transverse line beyond the middle, and two near the outer 
margin. The base rufous, with a curved line and spot of silvery-blue within the cell, 
an obhque line near the middle of the costal margin, a line between the two white 
spots nearest the outer margin, and a line parallel and near to the outer margin, all 
silvery-blue. 






NYMPHALID^ — EUBAGIS. 



Posterior wing white, with the base rufous and black. Crossed before the middle 
by a broad rufous band margined with black and marked with silvery-blue. Crossed 
again near the outer margin by a curved band of brown. The outer margin rufous 
traversed by a line of blue. A line of blue between the bands where they are united 
at the anal angle. The three bands imited on the costal margins. 

Female dark brown. A white band near the base, common to both wings. An- 
terior wing with six white spots. Posterior wing with a second transverse band of 
white. Underside as in the male. 

Expan. l|^in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



EUBAGIS PERSIS. 21, 22. 

UrPERSiDE. Male light -blue, the margins black. Anterior wing with an in- 
distinct black spot within the cell ; the apex broadly black. 

Underside. Dirty Avhite or grey. Anterior wing with three transverse bands, 
and the outer margin light brown. The first band short within the cell ; the second 
before the middle bordered with black ; the third ill-defined, not reaching the inner 
margin, inclosing an oval white spot. Two minute black spots near the apex. 
Posterior wing crossed transversely by six rufous lines, one near the base ; two before 
the middle, two beyond the middle, united at both ends, and enclosing four minute 
spots of black ; one dotted Avith blue ; the sixth band near the outer margin. The 
costal margin near the base and outer margin rufous. 

Expan. 1-1% in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



EUBAGIS NEORIS. 23, 24. 

Upperside. Male golden-green, clouded ; the margins brown. Anterior wing 
with a triangular spot at the middle of the costal margin. The outer margin tM'ice 
deeply sinuated. 

Underside, pure silvery-white. Anterior wing rufous. The costal margin at 
its base, and five large spots white. Two spots extending from the inner margin to 
the middle of the wing, each bordered with black. The first encircled, also on its upper 
side (in the cell), with silvery-blue, the second with, between it and the outer margin, 
a round spot, and above it on the costal margin an oval spot, both bordered with 
black ; the fifth spot crosses the apex. A small spot of blue above the second spot, 
and a line of the same colour near the outer margin. Posterior wing with five transverse 
bands, and the outer margin from the anal angle to beyond its middle rufous ; one 
band near the base, two before the middle united at the costal margin by a spot of 
blue, the fourth (which is united to the fifth at the anal angle) marked there by two 
black spots dotted with blue ; the fifth band curved and near the outer margin. These 
last two bands nearly meet at the costal margin, and have between them a black spot 
with a dot of blue. 

Expan. 1^ in. Hab. Amazon. 

Ill the CoUectious of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



CATAGEJ\MMA.I. 






W. C. Ht-witscm, aeI.etTlOa: 



)fl 



U.\ 



Ennteiiy Ha]lmim.<lel tWdto 



1.2. CATAGRAMMAATACAMA. 
3.4. CATAGRAMMA PAPJMA. 



5 . 6. CATAGRAMMA KOLYMA. 
7. 8. CATAGRAMMA TO LIMA. 



N Y M P II A L I D .E. 

CATAGRAMMA. Boisduvd. 



CATAGRAMMA ATACAMA. 1, 2. 

Upperside deep black. Anterior wing crossed obliquely in the middle by a broad 
band of orange. Its base and the inner half of the posterior wing of a glossy dark blue. 

UxDERSiDE black. Anterior wing with the orange band as above, the costa between 
it and the base, and a parallel line in the middle of the cell yellow, a belt of the same 
colour across the apex, followed by a line of silvery blue. Posterior wing crossed by six 
narrow equidistant belts of yellow, commencing at the upper margin, and converging 
towards the anal angle ; the first at the base follows the abdominal fold, the fourth, 
which is shortest, is followed by two spots of silvery blue, the sixth, which is on the 
outer margin, by three smaller spots of white surmounted by a waved line of blue. 

Expan. 2^ in. Hab. Quito. 



CATAGRAMMA PARIMA. 3, 4. 

Upperside deep black. Anterior wing crossed obliquely in the middle by a band 
of crimson. Its base, a small spot on the apex, and nearly the whole of the posterior 
wing, of a glossy dark blue. The posterior wing distinctly margined with white. 

Underside black. Anterior wing with the base of the costa and a parallel line 
white, the crimson band wider than above, between it and the apex a line of yellow 
followed by a longer submarginal line of silvery green. Posterior wing crossed by four 
narrow belts of white, commencing on the upper margin and tending towards the anal 
angle, the first which follows the abdominal fold joins the fourth at the anal angle, 
inclosing the other two, together with seven silver-edged spots of white. The outer 
margin of the wing white, with between it and the fourth belt a line of silvery green. 

Expan. 2 in. Hab. Quito. 

In a genus remarkable for splendour of colour this, and the preceding species, stand pre-eminent. 
They are remarkable as well for the singularity of the pencilling on the underside, which is very different 
from that of any before known species. They are both in the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. 
Hewitson. 



NYMPHALID^ CATAGRAMMA. 



CATAGRAMMA KOLYMA. 5, 6. 

Upperside deep black, with a submarginal belt of lead-colour further from the 
margin on tlie anterior wing, both wings purple at the base. 

Ui'DERSiDE. Anterior wing black. The cell and an oblique band across the middle 
(sometimes united in one) crimson; three lines of white run parallel to the outer margin ; 
the inner one short, the middle longer and tinged with blue. 

Posterior wing white, with the base and half of the upper margin crimson, and 
encircled by two black lines ; the space between which is blue, the inner circle enclosing 
two smaller ones, each with a centre of blue, the lower divided into two by a nervule ; 
both of the larger circles open at the upper margin of the wing, the outer one at the 
anal angle also. Both wings margined with black. 

Expan. -j'^ in. Hab. Quito. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



CATAGRAMMA TOLIMA. 7, 8. 

Upperside black. Anterior wing crossed obliquely at the middle by a broad band 
of orange. Posterior wing with a large patch of shining blue towards the anal angle. 

Underside black. Anterior wing with the costal margin near the base, a line 
parallel to it and a line across the apex of the wing yellow. Posterior wing with the 
base, a patch near it on the upper margin with two lines which proceed from it and cross 
the wing to the inner margin, a large double circle or figure of 8 and a line on the 
apex yellow. The upper circle with a centre spot of silvery blue, the lower one with two. 
Both wings with a submarginal line of the same colour ; the margins dotted with white. 

Expan. 1-j^ in. Hab. Quito. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



WtMFMALIBM 

CATAGRAMMA E. 





W C Sewitsonitpl et htli I«53 



Trmlei^yHuUmnuM iWitlto 



9,10,11.12 CATA GRAMMA EUFOMIA. 13 14. CATA GRAMMA PATELINA. 
15,16.17. CATAfrRAM.y"A FERISTERA. 



N Y M P H A L I D ^. 

CATAGRAMMA II. 



CATAGRAMMA EUNOMIA. 9, 10, 11, 12. 

Upperside black. Male (figs. 9, 10). Anterior wing with the basal half orange- 
yellow, the base clouded with brown ; the inner margin and the outer half of the wing 
black, with an oblong spot of white near the apex. Posterior wing black, with a band 
of silvery blue from the anal angle to the middle of the outer margin, and below it on 
the margin three small spots of white. 

Underside as above, with a band of yellow across the apes, a short line near the 
costal margin, and a longer one near the outer margin silvery blue. Posterior wing 
yellow, with a spot of orange on the upper margin near the base ; a band which crosses 
the base and is continued near the inner margin, and a double circle united near tlie 
apex of the wing, black. The larger circle touches the outer margin near the anal angle, 
where it is marked by three points of white ; the smaller circle which is sinuated on its 
inner margin so as to form the figure of 8, encloses two large, black spots, the upper one 
round, marked with a round spot of blue ; the lower one oblong, and marked with two 
oval spots of the same colour. The outer circle traversed by a line of blue from the 
apex of the wing to the middle of the inner margin, where it meets the band proceeding 
from the base. 

Female (11, 12) with the basal half of the anterior wing crimson, instead of yellow. 

Expan. 1^. Hab. Quito. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

Fig. 11 represents the underside of both sexes. 

Fig. 10, a not uncommon variety of the male. 

This species bears a near resemblance to C. Tolima of a former plate, especially underneath. 1 have 
had some hesitation in describing figs. 9 and 12, as the opposite sexes of the same species ; they are from 
different localities, but do not differ on their undersides. 



CATAGRAMMA PATELINA. 13, 14. 

Upperside. Male rich purple, with the outer margin black, dotted with white. 
Anterior wing with a large spot of brilliant crimson at the base, divided into three by 
the nervures which are black. An indistinct spot of dirty white across the apex. 



NYMPHALID^ CATAGEAMMA. 

Underside black. Anterior wing with the crimson spot as above, a band of yellow 
across the apex, followed by a line of blue. Posterior wing with a band across the base, 
and a triangular band in the centre (its smaller end touching the costal margin, and 
enclosing three spots of blue) yellow, followed by a band of eight spots of blue, (the 
second from the anal angle at right angles with the rest) and a band of yellow parallel 
to the outer margin. 

Expau. Ij^ in. Hab. Guatemala. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This very beautiful species scarcely differs from C. Astarte on the underside of the posterior wing. 



CATAGRAMMA PERISTERA. 15, 16, 17. 

Upperside. Male black. Anterior wing with a large, irregular spot of crimson from 
the middle of the inner margin to, and slightly above, the median nervure. Posterior 
wing with a large, central, pear-shaped spot of the same colour. The crimson spots 
appearing lilac in a certain light. 

Underside. Anterior wing with a spot at the base, and a band across the apex, 
yellow. The basal half crimson, with a lunular black spot at the end of the cell ; the 
rest black, with a line of blue near the costal margin and the apex. Posterior wing 
yellow-ochrc with two bands which cross the base and run parallel to the inner margin 
uniting near the anal angle ; two central spots (the upper one round, and marked with a 
spot of blue, the lower one oval, and marked with two) ; the outer margin and a band 
parallel to it and uniting with it at the anal angle, all black. The last-mentioned band 
is traversed by a line of blue, and marked by a spot of the same colour where it is joined 
to the upper central black spot. 

The female differs from the male above, in having the whole basal half of the anterior 
wing crimson, and a spot of white near the apex ; on the underside the marginal and 
submarginal bands do not unite at the anal angle. 

Expan. S 1^ in. ¥ 1^. Hab. Amazon and Bolivia. 

In the Collection of W. W. Saunders. 

N.B. — Catagramma Parima, Hewitson, is a variety of C. Hesperis of Guerin-Meneville. All the 
specimens I have seen, have seven spots of silvery-white on the central black on the underside of the 
posterior wing ; M. Guerin-Meneville states that his Hesperis has but five. 



rTMFMAJLIBiE 

CATA&R.\MMA R 




■W:C Hewibson.del at litK J8i4 



Prmted tyXullirLAndel & "Walton 



18 19, CATACtP.AMMA J3ECXERI.BoisduYsl. ^g.'SS CATAaRAMMA CYNOSURA. Doubledaj 
20 21. CATAGRAMMA SINAlvlARA D° ^4 25, CATAGRAMMA TEXA Boisduval. 



N Y M P H A L I D tE. 

CATAGRAMMA. III. 



CATAGRAMMA BECKERI. IS, 19. 

C. Beckeri. Boisd. MS. 

Upperside black; the base of both wings of a glossy blue; the middle of the 
anterior ^^^ng, and the whole of the posterior wing, with a double line of light blue 
parallel to and near the outer margin; anterior wing with a band of three white 
spots across the apex. 

Underside. Anterior wing with the basal half brick-red, followed by an u're- 
gular band of black ; the white spots as above ; the apex beyond them, and the outer 
margin, ash colour, traversed by darker lines. Posterior wing ash colom* ; a transverse 
line at the middle, and two near the outer margin, bro\vn, with, between them and 
the median nervules, two round black spots centred with blue. 

Expan. 1 j^ in. Hab. Brazil. 

In the Collection of Dr. Boisduval. 



CATAGRAMMA SINAMARA. 20, 21. 

C. Sinamara. Boisd. MS. 

Upperside. Anterior wing with the basal half orange ; the rest black ; the 
apex crossed by an oblong spot of yellow. Posterior wing brown, powdered with 
oransje at the base. 

Underside. Anterior Aving as above, with the yellow spot across the apex 
larger ; a submarginal line of hght blue from the apex to the middle. Posterior 
wing blue-black, with a double circle of yellow ; the outer circle open on the costal 
margin, and, at the anal angle, the inner circle inclosing three spots of light blue, 
separated by a line of yellow ; one spot above, two below it ; a line of eight light blue 
spots between the chcles, and parallel to the outer margin. 

Expan. l^Q in. Hab. Cayenne. 

In the Collection of Dr. Boisduval. 

This species has, at first sight, a gi-eat resemblance to C. Eunomia of Fig. 9. On the underside 
of the posterior wing it does not differ from C. Astarte. 



NTMPHALID^ — CATAGRAMMA. 



CATAGRAMMA CYNOSURA. j 22, 23. 

C. Cj/nosura ?. Bouhleday and Heioitson — Gen. Dmr. Lej). Plate 28. 

Upperside purple-bkck. Anterior wing, with the base, a narrow central trans- 
verse band, and an oblong spot (paler) across the apex, crimson. Posterior wing 
with a triangular spot of crimson from the base to beyond the middle, touching the 
costal margin. 

Underside. Anterior wing as above, with a line on the costal margin at the 
base, and a band across the apex, yellow ; a submarginal line of light blue from the 
apex to the middle. Posterior wing blue-black, with a double broad circle of yellow ; 
the outer circle open on the costal margin, and, at the anal angle, the inner circle 
inclosing three spots of light blue, divided by a line of yellow ; one spot above and 
two below it ; a line of eight Hght blue spots between the circles, and parallel to the 
outer margin. 

Expan. t 2-ny, 5 2^^ in. Hab. Minas Geraes. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

Nearly allied to C. Astarte. The sexes do not, however, differ, except in size, as in that species. 
Above, this is much richer in colour ; below, it has a much larger proportion of yellow. I have again 
figui-ed this species, to show the underside, without which our former figui-e in the " Genera" is of 
little use. 



CATAGRAMMA TEXA. 24, 25. 

C. Texa. Boisd. MS. 

Upperside black, glossed with pm'ple. Anterior wing, with the basal half 
scarlet ; a line across the apex, orange. Posterior wing with a large central scarlet 
spot. • 

Underside. Anterior wing as above ; the scai'let lighter, clouded at the base ; 
the costal margin at the base, and a band across the apex, yellow ; the apex with three 
spots of light blue. Posterior wing blue-black ; the costal margin near the base ; the 
inner margin, and a line near it, from the base of the wing to the middle, with a 
double circle, and a broad band which divides the inner circle, yellow. The inner 
circle contains four light blue spots in pairs. There is also a row of indistinct linear 
blue spots between the circles, parallel to the outer margin. 

Expan. 2-j^ in. Hab. Colombia. 

In the Collection of Dr. Boisduval. 



MYMIPMAILIBia 

CATAOUAMMA IT 




// 



31 








26. 





27, 



TV: C.HevrifcBan, i3e1. et]itii. 18o4 






26 2 7 CATAGRAMMA PATARA 
28 29 CATACtRAMMA C-ABAZA. 



Prmtei'bjrfifflniM^3el &Tfe.Iton 



SO 31 CATAORAMMA eluina 
3S 33 CATAGRAMMA TAITINK A. 



NYMPHALID^. 

CATAGRAMMA. IV. 



CATAGRAMMA PATARA. 26, 27. 

Upperside black. Anterior wing, with the cell, and an indistinct curved trans- 
verse band beyond the middle, purple ; a small spot near the apex, light blue. 
Posterior wing, with a band of lunular spots (touching) near the outer margin, light 
blue. 

Undekside. Anterior wing, from the base to beyond the middle, crimson, 
followed by a semicircular band of black marked on the costal margin by a spot of 
light blue ; the costal margin at the base and the apex, ash-brown. Posterior wing 
ash-brown, crossed by two zigzag black lines, with, between them, five small black 
spots ; the costal margin near Ihe base, and a part of the lower zigzag line, edged with 
crimson. 

Expan. 2 in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of the Entomological Society. 

This species forms one of the same group as Humboldtii and Euriclea. 



CATAGRAMMA GABAZA. 2S, 29. 

Upperside black, glossed with purple. Anterior wing with a transverse central 
band of blue, commencing at a distance from the costal margin ; a very small white 
spot near the apex. 

Underside. Anterior wing, from the base to a little beyond the middle, crimson ; 
the rest black ; the costal margin at the base, and two bands across the apex, dirty 
white. Posterior wing brown-white, with a line close to the outer margin ; a double 
circular black line open on the costal margin which is crimson from the end of the 
outer circle to the base of the wing. The inner circle incloses two unequal ovals. 

Expan. 1^0 ill- Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Closely allied to C. Astala, but is of a much darker black above. Below, it has more crimson on 
the anterior wing ; more on the costal margin of the posterior wing ; has no crimson edge to the lower 
margin of the outer circle, as in Astala, and has the upper oval of quite a different form. 



NTMPHALID^ CATAGRAMMA. 



CATAGRAMMA ELUINA. 30, 31. 

IJppERsiDE black. The anterior wing from the base to the band below the 
median nervure, and the whole of the posterior wing, glossed with brilliant blue. 
Anterior wing A^ath a central transverse band of silvery blue or green ; a small blue 
spot near the apex. Posterior wing mth a narrow submarginal line of light blue. 

Underside crimson from the base to beyond the middle ; the rest black, with 
the costal margin at the base, and two bands across the apex, satin-white. Posterior 
wing satin-white ; a line near the outer margin, and two circular black lines open on 
the costal margin which is crimson. The inner circle incloses two unequal ovals : 
the upper pyriform, with one black spot ; the lower oval, with two spots. 

Expan. l-i^Q- in. Hab. Venezuela. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

Much like C. Clymcna, but surpasses every similar species by the brilliant blue gloss over most 
of its surface, and the metallic splendour of the blue bands, impossible to imitate successfully with earthly 
colour. 



CATAGRAMMA VANINKA. 32, 33. 

Upperside blue-black. Anterior \nng Avith son:e lines at the base, and a central 
transverse band of blue glossed with green. Posterior wing with a band of light 
blue parallel to the outer margin. 

Underside. Anterior wing, Tvith the basal third, crimson ; the centre (which is 
traversed by a line of blue) black ; the costal margin at the base, the apex, and outer 
margin, which is marked by two black Hnes (one close to the margin), satin-white. 
Posterior wing satin-white, with a line across the base, a line close to the outer margin, 
and a circular line open at the anal angle and inclosing six black spots, black. 

Expan. 1-1% in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collections of W. C. Hewitson and W. W. Saunders. 

The figure is from a female. All the males which I have seen are much less, but do not diilcr, 
except that the blue baud of the anterior wing is sometimes more sinuated. 



MTMFMAJLIBiE. 

CATAOPvAMMA Y, 







WC Hewatson, (5el etliQi 1855 

^A/..cy ^./^rr. 



T rm-t'ti iT^Hi<lIma_in)e,l fiV/altOTi 



34 35. CATAGRAMMA CHASEBA 38 59, CATAORAMMA LYCA 

36. 37. CATAORAMMA BROME 4(3" 4l CATAORAMMA MTONINA. 



NYMPHALIDtE. 
CATAGRAMMA. V. 



CATAGRAMMA CHASEBA. 34, 35. 

Upperside black ; anterior wing, from the base to beyond the middle, dark 
blue, glossed with green between the median nervules. Posterior wing with two 
or three indistinct oblong blue spots below the middle. 

Underside. Anterior wing brown, with the base and apex rufous ; a short 
band from the middle of the costal margin, and a longer one near the apex, white. 
A spot within the cell, and another in continuation of the short white band, blue. 
Posterior wing rufous, clouded with brown ; crossed before the middle by a black 
line, and near the outer margin by a band of black lunular marks, from some of 
which proceed white hastate spots, pointing upwards, and above them, touching the 
upper black Hue, an oblong spot of white. 

Expan. l-^-Q in. Hab. Bolivia. 

In the CoUectiou of the British Museum. 



CATAGRAMMA BROME. 36, 37. 

C. Brome. Boisd. Beffne Animal, edit. Crochard Ins. PL 138. 

Upperside blue-black ; anterior wing crossed before the middle by a large 
oblong spot of orange. Posterior wing with a large spot of dark blue touching the 
abdominal fold, and extending from the base to near the outer margui, where it is 
marked with glossy green. 

Underside. Anterior wing as above, with the costal margin at the base yellow, 
a narrow band across the apex also yellow, succeeded by a submarginal line of 
silvery blue. Posterior wing with a large broad inner circle of yellow, open at the costal 
margin, and enclosing four spots of light blue centred with white. Outside of this 
circle is a second broken circle, one portion of which commences at the costal margin, 
neai' the base, crosses the ^^'ing, and keeping parallel to the inner margin, joins the 
inner cucle near the anal angle. Tlie other portion, commencing at the middle of the 
costal margin, runs parallel to the outer margin, and ends before the anal angle, 
where it touches one of four silvery light blue spots. 

Expan. 1^^ in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



NYMPHALID^ CATAGRAMMA. 



CATAGRAMMA LYCA. 38, 39. 
C. Lyca. Boableday Sf Hewitson, Gen. Dim. Lep. PL 28. 

IJppERSiDE blue-black ; crossed at the middle by a broad band of orange, 
sinuated on its inner side. Posterior wing with a large spot of glossy blue beyond 
the middle. 

Underside black ; anterior wing as above, with a line at the base of the costal 
margin yellow ; a narrow band across the apex also yellow, succeeded by a sub- 
marginal line of silvery blue. Posterior wing crossed by three unconnected narrow 
bands of yellow, two before the middle, followed by six oval spots (in two lines, of 
three each), of light blue, centred with white, the third band beyond the middle 
followed by a line of silvery blue, which runs parallel to it and the outer margin, and 
nearly joins a spot of blue at the anal angle. 

Expan. Sjig- in. liab. INIexico. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



CATAGRAMMA MIONINA. 40,41. 

Upperside blue-black ; anterior wing crossed before the middle by a large oval 
spot of orange. Posterior wing with a large spot of blue ylossed with (jreen beyond 
the middle. 

Underside black ; anterior wing as above, the costal margin at the base 
of the wing yellow, a band across the apex also yellow, followed by a submar- 
giiial line of silvery blue. Posterior wing with a large broad inner circle of yel- 
low, open near the anal angle, and enclosing five oblong spots of light blue, 
centred with white. Outside of this circle there is a second broken circle, one 
portion of which commences at the costal margin, near the base, crosses the wing, 
and running parallel to the inner margin, joins the inner circle near the middle 
of the wing. The other portion of the circle commences at the costal margin, 
where it is joined to the inner circle, runs parallel to the outer margin, and ends 
before the anal angle, where it touches one of four spots of silvery blue, the largest 
of which passes inside the central circle. 

Expan. 2yo in. liab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

The three very beautiful butterflies of the plate are so much alike, that, although two of them 
have been figured before, I have thought it best to place them together, in order to show clearly the 
points in which they differ from the new species whicli I have introduced ; which, though it resembles 
Brome most in general appearance, is more nearly allied to Lyca. 

From Brome it differs in the number and arrangement of the central bine spots, and the 
junction of the yellow circular bauds. From Lyca, in having the submarginal band of the posterior 
wing yellow, instead of blue. 



CATA.&RAMMA. YI. 











PnrteilljrHiJljnaaidel SiWahc 



45. 4G. CATAGRA.MMA TRYPHEMA. 



AMMA OPPELII 4.7--4Q. CATAGRAMMA ARETAS. 



N Y M P H A L I D ^. 

CATAGRAMMA. VI. 



CATAGRAMMA YEBA. 42, 43. 

Upperside. Male blue-black. Anterior wing •with a line from the base to the 
first median nervule, a transverse narrow sinuated band near the middle, and a small 
narrow spot near the apex, glossy blue changing slightly to green. Posterior wing 
with a broad band of the same blue near the outer margin. Margins of both wings 
white. 

Underside. Anterior wing black, with the base (which is followed by a patch 
of blue) and the apex (which is crossed by a black line) grey-white. Crossed at the 
middle by a curved macular band of blue, attached at the costal margin to a white 
spot. Posterior wing grey-white, crossed before the middle by a transverse black 
line, and near and parallel to the outer margin by a second line also black, with mid- 
way between them a row of five small black spots. 

Expan. 2 in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Nearly allied to C. Vaninka (figs. 32, 33), but -witbout the crimson which adonis the underside of 
that species. 



CATAGRAMMA OPPELII. 44. 

E. Oppelii. Latreille in Hiimb. and Bonpl. Obs. de Zoology, PI. 24. 

The underside of this species has been figured to show the resemblance as well 
as the dissimilarity between it and the new species. 



NTMPHALID^ CATAGRAMMA. 



CATAGRAMMA TRYPIIENA. 45, 46. 

Upperside. Male black. Anterior wiug with a nari'ow band of gold-green 
from the ba.se to the middle where it joins, at a right angle nearly, a broad band of 
the same colour which crosses the wing between it and the inner margin. An oblique 
gold-green spot near to and beyond the middle of the costal margin, and a line of 
light blue near the apex. Posterior wing with a trifid spot of blue below the middle 
of the costal margin, and a broad submarginal band of grey -blue. 

Underside. Anterior wing black, with the base (which is followed by a patch 
of green) and the apex orange-yellow. Crossed near the middle by a short band, 
which is white at the costal margin, green below. Posterior wing orange-yellow, 
crossed before the middle by a black line, followed by a row of very minute black 
spots, and below them by an undulated black line, parallel to but not near the 
outer margin. 

Expan. 1-j^Q- in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

On the upperside this species differs little from C. Humboldtii, of Guerin ; on the underside it 
resembles C. Oppelii. 



CATAGRAMMA ARETAS. 47, 48. 

Upperside. Male blue-black. Anterior wing from the base (which is brown) 
to the middle (except the costal margin, which is brown) bright crimson. A naiTow 
band of the same colour, but lighter, crosses the apex. Posterior wiug with a large 
central spot of crimson. 

Underside. Anterior wing as above, except that the band crossing the apex is 
wider and orange-yellow ; that there is a line of the same colour near the middle of the 
outer margin, and three spots of light blue at the apex. Posterior wing orange-yellow, 
with tw<j pai'allel black bands from the costal margin near the base to the anal angle, 
where they join each other and continue in one band parallel to the outer margin till 
it nearly touches the commencement of the inner line on the costal margin, forming 
an irregular circle and inclosing two large distant spots of black, each marked with a 
single spot of light blue. That part of the band near the outer margin is traversed 
by a row of light blue lunular spots. The margin is black, with minute spots of 
white. 

Expan. 2-2^ in. Hab. Venezuela. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This species does not at all differ on the upperside from C. Texa of fi(f. 2.5. On the 
underside it is more like C. Pitheas of Latreille figured in Humboldt and Bonplaud " Obs. de 
Zoology." 



CATAG-RAMMA. VIL 




W. C. Hewitstm. 3^ etlith.. 1857. 

49. so. CATAGRAMMA EXCELSIOK. 
51. 52. CATAGRAMMA LEBASIT 



53. 54. CATA&RAMMA D'ORBIGl^YI. 
55. CATA&RAMMA BONPLAIstDIl. 



N Y M P H A L I D .E. 

CATAGRAMMA. VII. 



- CATAGRAMMA EXCELSIOR. 49, 50. 

Upperside dark blue, tlie margins black. Anterior wing crossed by a broad band of 
bright orange from the base to the middle (occupying the whole of the cell), from Avhence it pro- 
ceeds in a curve to near the anal angle. A small white spot near the apex. Posterior wing 
with a broad spot of hghter and more briUiant blue (changing to green as the light changes) 
near the outer margin. 

Underside. Anterior wing with the orange band as above, the inner margin brown ; 
the rest of the wing black, with a narrow band of yellow across the apex, and a line of light 
blue near and parallel to the outer margin. Posterior wing blue-black, with a double circular 
band of yellow ; 'the outer circle open at the costal margin and at the anal angle ; the inner 
circle inclosing three spots of light blue divided by a line of yellow, one spot above the line, 
two below it. A band of light blue (divided by the nervures) between the circles. 

Expan. 2^ in. Hab. Amazon. 

In the Collections of the British Museum and W. C. Hewitson. 

In a genus remarkable for the great beauty of ever}' species this surpasses them all. I cannot but envy Mr. 
Bates the very great pleasure which he must have experienced in its capture. It vies with the splendid Callitheas 
named after himself and Mr. Mark, and resembles them as the figure 5 of C. Markii does a Catagramma. Indeed. 
I may say that that figure is much more characteristic of a Catagramma than that of C. E.tcelsior is. On the under- 
side this species is identical with C. Cynosura. 



CATAGRAMMA LEBASII. 51, 52. 

C. Lebasii, Guerin Meneville, Icon, da JRegiie Animal, texte 485. 

Upperside blue-black. Anterior wing with two lines of blue from the base outwards. 
Crossed at the middle by a broken band of blue or golden green (changing as the light changes) 
commencing at the costal margin by an oblong narrow spot and continued in an irregular band 
to near the anal angle ; a spot of the same colour near the apex. Posterior Aving with three or 
four longitudinal lines of blue near the middle. The outer margin with a broad band of golden 
grey or green divided by the nervures into six conical spots. 

Underside. Anterior wing blue-black the hmer margin brown ; the base light grey, fol- 
lowed first by a crimson spot (sometimes absent), next by two spots of light blue (sometimes 
united). A bifid spot of white and blue near the middle of the costal margin ; two blue spots 
between the median nervules. The apex and most of the outer margin light grey. Posterior 
wing light grey, crossed transversely by two distant black lines. One before the middle broken 



NYMPHALIDjE — CATAGRAMMA. 



as it crosses the vervures ; the other not far from the outer margin much undulated. Between 
these Hnes five minute black spots. The costal margin crimson from the base to the second 
black line. 

Expan. 1^ in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



CATAGRAMMA D'ORBIGNII. 53, 54. 

C. D'Orbiprii, Guerm 3fcneville, Icon, dii Hegne Animal, texte 485. 

Upperside blue-black. Anterior wing with two lines of blue from the base outwards. 
Crossed by a straight transverse band of blue or golden green (changing as the hght changes), 
from the costal margin beyond its middle to the inner margin near the anal angle, nearly touching 
both margins, sinuated on its inner side. A minute spot of blue near the apex. Posterior wing 
with the outer margin broadly bordered with golden grey or green, not divided by the nervures. 

Underside. Anterior wing black, the inner margin brown. The base grey, followed by 
light blue ; a bifid spot of white and blue at the middle of the costal margin, and below it two 
light blue spots between the nervules. The apex and outer margin to beyond the middle grey. 
Posterior wing grey (darker than Lebasii), crossed transversely by two not distant black lines ; 
one before the middle iiearly straight ; the other not far from the outer margin slightly undulated ; 
Avith, between them, a row of five minute black spots. The costal margin crimson from the 
base to the first black line. 

Expan. Ij^) ill. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



CATAGRAMMA BONPLANDII. 55. 

C. Bonplandii, Guerin Meneville, Icon, du Eeyne Animal, texte 485. 

Upperside blue-black. Anterior wing irrorated at the base with blue and golden green. 
Crossed obliquely by a nearly equal band of golden green or blue from the costal margin before 
the middle, to the inner margin above the anal angle, nearly touching both margins. A minute 
white spot near the apex (sometimes absent). Posterior wing irrorated at the base with golden 
green, the middle of a brilliant blue ; the outer margin broadly bordered with greenish grey. 

Underside. Anterior wing black, the inner margin brown. The base grey, followed by 
light blue. Crossed near the middle by a band of five blue spots, the first spot white where it 
touches the costal margin. The apex and outer margin grey. Posterior wing grey, slightly 
clouded and tinted with yellow, crossed by two nearly approximating hlack lines. The base only 
of the costal margin crimson. 

There is a variety of this species in M'hich the broad band of the posterior wing is nearly 
absent, being represented only by a line of oblong spots. 

Expan. 2i-o in. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

It would have been more to my liking to have given a plate of undescribed species. I believe, however, that 
I cannot better employ my time than in pointing out the diijsrence of these three very nearly allied species, which, 
though accurately described by Guerin Meneville, have never been figured. Two of them are very rare and little 
known. 



WYmriKALimM. 

CAmGRAMMA VJII 








■W C Hewitsan, ieJ <* hOi 3658 



Pl-jitsiTylM)m.mail tWaltmi 



56. 57. CATAGRAMMA VITRTNGA. 60 61. CATA&RAMMA J3ENINA 

58 59 CATAGRAMMA ZELPHANTA. 62. 63 CATAGRAMMA MAIMUNA 



N Y M P H A L I D ^. 

CATAGRAMMA. VIII. 



CATAGRAMMA VITRINGA. 56, 57. 

Upperside. Black. Anterior wing crossed at the middle by a band of green of 
imiforni breadth, except near the costal margin, where it is sinuated on its inner side. 
Two lines of blue from the base. Posterior wing with a band of green from the anal 
angle to beyond the middle. 

Underside. Anterior wing black; the base and the apex light yellow. A 
white spot near the costal margin beyond the middle, and below it two spots of light 
blue. A line of blue between these spots and the base. Posterior wing light yellow, 
crossed by two transverse black lines. One line before the middle nearly straight, the 
other curved, parallel to and near the outer margin. 

Expan. 2-j-o- in. Hab. Upper Amazon. 
In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Nearly allied to C. Oppelii, but differs from it on the underside, in the much greater distance 
between the transverse black lines of the posterior wing. On the underside it is verj- like C. Tripbena, 
but differs from it widely on the upperside. 

This is a very curious and most interesting group of Butterflies, and though, at first sight, they 
bear a very puzzling proximity to each other, they are, I believe, well-marked species. In some of those 
the most nearly allied, although the position of the transverse black lines on the underside of the 
posterior wing forms the chief distinction, it is always confirmed by some corresponding difference of the 
blue bands above. There are three sections of the group, in each of which some of the characters of 
its neighbour are repeated. The first section contains Bonplandii, D'Orbignyi, Lebasii, and Yeba, 
clothed on the underside in almost uniform light grev. The second contains Oppelii, Triphena, and 
Vitringa, just described. The third has Humboldtii, Euriclea, and Vaniuka, resembhng the other two 
sections, but adorned with crimson underneath. 



CATAGRAMMA ZELPHANTA. 58, 59. 

Upperside. Black. Anterior wing crossed before the middle by a broad 
oblique band of crimson. The base light silvery-blue. The apex with a spot of 
white. Posterior wing with a large triangular spot of blue near the outer margin from 
the anal fold to beyond the middle of the wing. The outer margin dotted with 
white. 

Underside. Anterior wing with the central crimson spot as above. The base 
yellow, clouded with brown. The costal uervure black. The apex crossed by a band 
of yellow and a submarginal line of silvery-blue. Posterior Aving rufous-yellow with 
a crimson spot on the costal margin near its base. A band which crosses the base is 
continued near the inner margin (where it is traversed by a line of blue) to beyond its 
middle, and two circular bands (united near the apex of the wing) black. The outer 
circle, which commences at the crimson spot near the base, is traversed by a line of 
blue from the inner margin (where it nearly touches the line which crosses the base) 



NTMPHALID^ CATAGRAMMA. 



to the costal margin above the juuctm-e of the two circles. The inner circle 
encloses two large black spots ; the upper round, with one spot of silvery -blue, the 
lower oval, with two spots of the same colour. The outer marghi black, interrupted. 

Expan. li^o in- Hab. Upper Amazon. 

In the Collections of W.W. Saunders and VV. C. Hewitson. 



CATAGRAMIMA DENINA. 60, 01. 

Upperside. Male black. Anterior wing with a large central oval spot of 
orange. Posterior wing with a large triangular spot of silvery-blue, from the middle 
of the wing to the anal fold. 

Underside. Anterior wing with the central orange spot as above. The base 
yellow ; the costal nervure, and a triangular spot (traversed by a line of white), black. 
The apex crossed by a band of yellow. A submarginal line of silvery-blue. Pos- 
terior wing yellow, with a crimson spot on the costal margin near the base. A band 
which crosses the base, and is continued near the inner margin to its middle, and two 
circular bands (united near the apex of the wing), black. The outer circle, which com- 
mences at the crimson spot near the base, touches the outer margin from the anal 
angle to the middle, where it is marked by three white dots ; it is also traversed by a 
line of blue from the middle of the outer margin to the middle of the inner margin, 
where it meets the band which crosses the base. 

Expan. liT) in. Ilab. New Granada. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson 

Above, this species bears a very close resemblance to Brome, to Mionina, and to Tolima. From 
the first two it differs entirely underside ; from Tolima, in having a double circular band of black. On 
the underside it scarcely differs from Euuomia, but is abundantly distinct on the upperside. 



CATAGRAMMA MAIMUNA. 62, 63. 

Upperside. Black. Anterior wing from the base to beyond the middle crimson. 
The apex crossed by a band of orange. Posterior wing with two or three indistinct 
spots of blue near the outer margin. 

Underside. Anterior wing as above. The costal margin at the base yellow ; 
the base clouded with brown ; the apex crossed by a band of yellow, and three sub- 
marginal spots of blue, followed by a line of yellow. Posterior wing black ; the 
margins (except the extreme outer margin, which is black) surrounded with yellow, 
except at the anal angle. Two lines and a transverse band near the base, and an 
irregular cii'cle, all yellow. This circle is nearly divided by a band of yellow, and 
encloses four round silvery-blue spots in pairs. Parallel to the circle, and between it 
and the outer margin, there is a row of silvery-blue lunular spots. 

Expan. 2]^ in. Hab. Upper Amazon. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

On the upperside this species bears a very close reseijiblauce to C. Pygas. On the underside it 
does not differ from a variety of C. Te.xa, which is in my collection. 



MrMFMAILirBiE. 

CATAGRAMMA. IX & CALLITHEA 






\ - / 




W, C. Hewitson.. lid et Ixt'i 18 .'16 



Z</- ^.. 



/ / 



"PrD/rted W HuJjjnaziiiel &.Vii'aItcn. 



64 CATAGFtAMMA EXCELSIOR. 66. CATAGRAMMA BONPLANDII^-ar 

65. CATAGHAMMA ELUINA. .vsir. 67.- CATAGRAMMA KOLYMA, ^-ar 

7 8. CALLITHEA LZ&ANDII 



f- 



N Y M P H A L I D ^. 

CATAGRAMMA. IX. and CALLITHEA. 



CATAGRAMMA EXCELSIOR. 64. 

C. Excelsior, var. Hew. Ex. But. Cat. VII. Yigs. 49, 50. . 

The insect now figured must be considered as typical of the species, and the 
figures 49 and 50 of a former Plate as a variety. Some examples have, and some are 
without, the white spot near the apex of the anterior wing. The blue spot on the 
posterior wing varies considerably in size and intensity of colour. 

Hab. Upper Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitsou. 



CATAGRAMMA ELUINA, var. G5. 
C. Ehiina, Hew. Ex. But. Cat. IV. Figs. 80, 31. 

Upperside with a broad submarginal band of green on the posterior wing. On 
the underside the posterior wing and apex of the anterior wing are of an exquisite, 
pure, silky white. 

Hab. Upper Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. "W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

I am glad of an opportunity to give another figure of this species better coloured than the previous 
one, which ill represents the brilliancy of its blue. It is represented with the butterfly facing the light. 



CATAGRAMMA BONPLANDII, var. 6G. 

C. Bonplatidii, Gverin. Meneville, Icon. Begne Animal, text. 485. 
Hew. Ex. But. Cat. VII. Fig. 55. 

Differs on the underside from the usual examples of the species, in having part 
of the blue near the base of the anterior wing replaced by crimson. The posterior 
wing is also without any trace of the transverse black hues. 

Hab. Upper Amazon. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



NYMPH ALID^ — CALLITHEA. 



CATAGRAMMA KOLYMA, var. 67. 
C. Kolyma, Hew. Ex. But. Cat. I. Figs. 5, 6. 

With an oblong transverse crimson spot at the middle of the wing. Other 
examples from the same locality are without it. 
Hab. Upper Amazon. 
In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 



CALLITHEA DEGANDIL 7, S. 

Upperside. Male, blue-black, with a broad submarginal band of lustrous 
green, broadest at the apex of the anterior wing, where its outer edge is clouded with 
brown. The extreme margin of both wings is white. 

Underside of a beautiful light silvery-green, with a large spot of orange at the 
base of both wings. Anterior wing with three small black spots (one very minute) 
in a row parallel to, and not far fi-om, the outer margin. Posterior wing with four 
rows of black spots, parallel to each other and the outer margin ; the outer row of 
spots oblong, the rest chiefly rouud or oval. 

Expan. ^\ in. Hab. Upper Amazon. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson, and the British Museum. 

It is with much pleasure that I have to record another new species of this very beautiful genus, 
so rare that, before the time when Mr. Bates reached the banks of the Amazon, the group was repre- 
sented in England by a single example. Two species only were then known — now we have five. I 
have adopted the name for this species proposed bv Mr. S. Stevens, in honour of Mr. Degand, to whom 
we are indebted for its discovery. The Catagrammas of the two accompanying Plates 'C. Denina ex- 
cepted) were also collected by him. 



C ATAGBAMMA.X . 




71 
\ / 



■-/hL^ 70 






-^ yw- 



/y 



72 




74 




MckV rienivsft Tl3=-= 



W. C .Hewits on, del. et.htli- . 

66 B9 CATACTlAIvIMA FELDEBl 70,71 CATA&RAMMA CEHTX. 

72 CATAGRAMMA BONPIANDIIrci^j 73 74 CATAGRAMMA PASITHIIA. 



N Y ^I P H A L I D Ji 

CATAGRAMMA. X. 



CATAGRAMMA FELDERI. 08, 69. 

Upperside. Male black. Anterior wing crossed by a broad oblique baud of 
orange. Posterior wing with a large space of ultra-ruarine blue. 

Underside. Anterior wing with the band of orange as above, but connected 
to the base of the wing by a narrow band of paler colour, which passes through the 
cell ; a band of pale yellow near the apex, and at the apex a line of white. Posterior 
wing ochre-yellow, crossed obliquely from the middle of the costal margin to the 
anal angle by a broad black band, which is traversed by seven white spots ; crossed 
before the middle by two bands of black, one curved and parallel to the abdominal 
margin, the other straight, meeting each other, and the central band near the anal 
angle : the abdominal margin, the nerviu'es below the middle, and a submarginal 
line, black ; the outer margin from its middle also broadly black, marked with lunules 
of blue and white. 

Expan. 2yq in. liab. Upper Amazon. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

I have pleasure in dedicating this very distinct species to the Messrs. Felder, father and son — two 
ardent brother lepidopterists. On the upperside it resembles closely many species ; on the underside it 
is very different from all. 



CATAGRAMMA CERYX. 70, 71. 

Upperside. Male black. Anterior wing crossed obliquely at the middle by a 
band of blue-green ; a spot of white near the apex. Posterior wing with the centre 
ultra-marine blue, the outer margin pale rufous-white. 

Underside. Anterior wing black ; the base pale yellow, followed by carmine ; 
the apex rufous-white, with a submarginal black line. Posterior wing pale brown, 

7 ■/rc.i/. ^ 



NYMPH A-LID^ CATAGUAMMA. 



clouded with darker brown beyond the middle ; crossed near the base by tMO black 
lines : marked in the centre by four circular spots in pairs (three dotted with black) ; 
crossed beyond the middle by two waved black lines : the costal margin from the base 
to its middle carmine. 

Expan. '\yo in- Hab. Cuenca. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



CATAGRAMMA BONPLANDII (Var.) 72. 



CATAGRAMMA PASITHEA. 73, 74. 

Upperside. Male black. Anterior wing blue near the base ; crossed at the 
middle by an oblique band of carmine. Posterior wing from the base to the middle 
brilliant blue, with a submarginal baud of grey-blue : the outer margin black : the 
fringe white. 

Underside. Anterior wing black : the cell (the end of which is marked 
by a black line) and the band as above carmine : a band across the apex, a sub- 
marginal band, and the fringe, white. Posterior wing white : the base and costal 
margin to its middle carmine : the costal and outer margin, two lines parallel to 
them, and two central bifid oval rings, all black : the space within these rings as well 
as that which is inclosed by the lines which run parallel to the outer margin, pale 
blue. 

Expan. 2 iu. Hab. Ecuador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

I have felt doubtful whether or not I ought to consider this as another variety of C. Kolyma. On 
the underside it does not differ from it, except that the submarginal band of the anterior wing, which in 
C Kolyma is pale blue bordered with black, is in this species all black. On the upperside C. Pasithea 
has no submaroinal band on the anterior wing. 



CATAGRAMMA 71 . 





' 76 / 






e i-% 



\ 85 / 





\ 77 / 





WC HeroiUon deletlitb Oct-"l'« 186B. 



M&N Uanhsj-t. 



imp. 



-75.76. CAIAGRAMMA XANTHICA. 
77. 76. CATAGRAMM^ COMNENA. 
79.30. CATAGRAMMA CL DELIA. 



81 CATAGRAMMA L U C RE Z lA. 
-^2. 83 CATAGRAMMA HUMBOLDTTLy^- 
-^4. 85 CATAGRAMMA NYCTIMf;TqE. 



N YMPHALID^. 

CATAGRAMMA. XI. 



CATAGRAMMA XANTHICA. 75, 76. 

Upperside. Male. Anterior wiug black, crossed near the middle by an oblique 
band of green : a minute subapical spot of white. Posterior wing dark brown. 

Underside orange-yellow. Anterior wing black, with the base to the middle 
and apex orange-yellow : a small spot of white at the middle of the costal margin : 
the fringe alternately black and white. Posterior wing crossed obliquely by two 
linear bands of black, approximating as they approach the anal angle : the fringe 
brown. 

Exp. 1^ inch. Hab. Pozzuzo. 

In the Collection of Messrs. Salvin and Godman. 



CATAGRAMMA COMNENA. 77, 78. 

Upperside. Male, black. Anterior wing with a line from the base, an irregular 
band at the middle and three subapical spots of green-blue. Posterior wing with a 
submarginal band of blue. 

Underside orange-yellow. Anterior wing black : the base (which is followed 
by a triangular space of carmine) and the apex orange-yellow : a spot of white 
(followed by some minute spots of blue) on the costal margin. Posterior wing crossed 
by two slender linear bands of black, farther apart as they approach the anal angle, 
the outer band waved and parallel to the outer margin : the fringe brown. 

Exp. 1-1% inch. Hab. Apolobamba. 

In the Collection of Messrs. Salvin and Godman. 



CATAGRAMMA CLOELIA. 79, SO. 

Upperside. Male, black. Anterior wing with a line from the base, a spot 
beyond the middle of the costal margin, and a large spot touching the inner margin, 
all blue. Posterior wing irrorated with grey near the outer margin. 

Underside ochreous-yeUow. Anterior wang dark brown, with the base and 
apex ochreous-yellow : a spot of white partly blue, and a blue line, on the costal 
margin : the fringe alternately black and white. Posterior wing crossed by two nearly 
equidistant slender linear bands of black : the fringe brown. 

Exp. 1^ inch. Hab. Napo. 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 

P 



NTMPHALIDiE. CATAGRAMMA. 



CATAGRAMMA LUCREZIA. 81. 

TJppERSiDE. Male, black. Anterior wing with two linear bands from the base, 
a transverse band at the middle, and three siibapical spots, green-blue. Posterior wing 
with a siibmarginal broad band of blue. 

Underside ochreous, tinted with red. Anterior wing black : the basal half 
carmine : the base of the costal margin and apex, which is crossed by a waved black 
line, ochreous, tinted with red : a spot of white (which has near it two small spots of 
blue) on the costal margin. Posterior wing crossed by two linear bands of black, 
with between them five minute black spots : the first band short, the other submar- 
ginal and zigzag. 

Exp. ly^ inch. Hab. New Granada. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. 

Does not differ from E. Euriclea, except in the colour of the underside. 



CATAGRAMMA HUMBOLDTTI. Far. 82, 83. 

This variety differs so much from the typical form of C. Humboldtii. that I should have con- 
sidered it a distinct species were there not intermediate varieties. 

The variety figured differs from the type in having a much larger space of carmine on the under- 
side of the anterior wing, and in having the bands of the posterior wing much more slightly marked, 
and farther apart : the inner band shorter: these bands are, however, very inconstant, varying in each 
of the four specimens in my collection. 



CATAGRAMMA NYCTIMENE. 84, 85. 

IJppERsiDE. Male, black. Anterior ^ving with a band from the base to the 
middle of the wing, where it forms part of a broad transverse band below the median 
nervure, and a spot beyond the middle of the costal margin, brilliant blue : a sub- 
apical grey spot. Posterior wing with a submarginal band of four distinct spots of 
the same blue. 

Underside, ochreous-brown. Anterior wing black, with a small space at the 
base and the apex ochreous-brown : a spot at the middle of the costal margin (near it 
two spots of blue), and a subapical band, white. Posterior wing crossed by two linear 
bands of black, with between them five black spots, and some lines of blue and white 
between the nervm-es : the outer band submarginal and undulated. 

Exp. 1^ inch. Hab. Equador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This species does not differ from C. Chaseha on the underside. 



:ifMFisrAiLii®. 

CATAGRAMMA^JOl. 




\ 66 ^ 





'.:/«- 




WCHewitsondeletlitb Octl^^l668. 



MScNHaiiharb imp ■ 



-86 87 CATA&RAMMA ALICIA. 92. CATAGPvAMMA LANICE. 

88 89. CAEAGRAMMA VOLARA. -93, 94. CATAGRAMMA MORONA. 

90 91. OIA&RAKMA EURICLEA^or. 95. CAIAGRAMMA LEPTA 

9B. CATAGRAMMA FELDERI. 



NYMPHALIDtE. 

CATAGRAMMA. XII. 



CATAGRAMMA ALICIA. 86, 87. 

Upperside. Male, black. Anterior wing with two lines from the base, a trans- 
verse nearly straight band almost touching both margins, and a siibapical trifid spot, 
blue-green. Posterior wing with a very broad submarginal band of blue-green. 

Underside white, slightly tinted with lilac, the outer margins black. Anterior 
wing black : the basal third carmine, the base itself and the apex (which is crossed 
by a black line) white, a white spot at the middle of the costal margin, and near it 
three spots of blue. Posterior wing crossed by two broad black lines, slightly apart 
on the costal margin, enclosing five (comparatively) large black spots. 

Exp. l-j-Q- inch. Hab. Equador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Very close to C. Vaninka, but unlike it in the very different position of the band of the anterior 
wing, and in having a trifid spot of blue near the apex. 



CATAGRAMMA VOLARA. 88, 89. 

Upperside. Male, black, crossed at the middle by a band of green-blue. Pos- 
terior wing with a submarginal band of blue. 

Underside white. Anterior wing black, with a large subbasal space of car- 
mine : the base and the apex which is crossed by a black line, white. Posterior 
wing crossed by two slender linear bands of black, and between them six small black 
spots, the inner band very short : the costal margin carmine. 

Exp. 1-j^ to 1"!% inch. Hab. Venezuela. 

In the Collections of W. W. Saunders and W. C. Hewitson. ' 

Also nearly allied to Vaninka, but differs from it in the shape and colour of the blue bands, and 
in the much more slender bands of the underside. It is also much smaller. 



CATAGRAMMA EURICLEA. Far. 90, 91. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Differs from C. Euriclea of the " Genera " in the wider separation and different form, and 
greater length of the blue band of the anterior wing, as well as in the shape of the small spots on the 
underside of the posterior wing. I have e.\amples of Euriclea in which the blue band of the anterior 
wins is unbroken. 



CATAGRAMMA LANICE. 92. 

Upperside. Male, black. Anterior wing crossed at the middle by a band of 
blue. Posterior wing with a submarginal band of grey-green. 

Underside grey-white, clouded with darker colour. Anterior wing black, with 
the base, which is bordered with blue, and the apex, grey-white : a small white spot 



NYMPHALIDjE. — CATAGRAMMA. 



on the costal margin, and below it a band of small blue spots. Posterior wing crossed 
by two linear bands of black, and between them three small indistinct brown spots, 
the inner baud curved, the outer band zigzag. 

Exp. 1^ inch. Hab. Equador. 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

This may be an extraordinary variety of C. Z>'Orbit/nyi. 



CATAGEAMMA MOEONA. 93, 94. 

Upperside. Male, black. Anterior wing crossed by a band of gold-green : a 
subapical trifid white spot. Posterior wing with a submarginal band of green-grey. 

Underside grey-white. Anterior wing black, with a large subbasal space of 
carmine -. the base and apex white : a white spot on the costal margin, and below it a 
band of four small blue spots. Posterior wing with a lunular white spot bordered 
inwardly with carmine, at the middle of the costal margin : a pale spot at the middle 
of the wing, bordered inwardly with black : the base of the costal margin carmine : 
the outer margin broadly white. 

Exp. 2 inches. Hab. Apolobamha. 

In the Collection of Messrs. Salvin and Godman. 



CATAGRAMMA LEPTA. 95. 

Upperside. Male, black. Anterior wing with more than the basal half 
scarlet : a subapical pale-yellow spot. Posterior wing with two small grey spots 
near the anal angle. 

Underside. Anterior wing as above, except that it has a band of pale yellow 
across the apex, and three apical blue spots. Posterior wing yellow, with three 
bands of black near the base and inner margin, two large central black spots each 
marked with two spots of blue, and a broad submarginal black band traversed by a 
band of blue : the outer margin black, spotted with white. 

Exp. 2-1% inch. Hab. Amazon (Nanta). 

In the Collection of the British Museum. 

On the underside this species is exactly similar to C. Texa. 



CATAGRAMMA EELDERI. Far. 96. 

In the Collection of Messrs. Salvin and Godman, from Pozzuzo. 

This variety differs from C. Felderi e.xactly as e.xamples of C. Eunomia and Zelphanta do from 
each other : in having the band of the anterior wing carmine instead of orange-yellow, and in having the 
blue of the posterior wing darker, and occupying a smaller space. 

I am indebted to Dr. Gray, of the British Museum, and to Messrs. Salvin and Godman for the 
pleasure of adorning my work by the very beautiful species now figured from their collections. 



SfTlIFMAILiIEl). 

CATACrRAfvIMA XIII. 





\ 104/ 




WtHewilstm delBtlith.0cl,1875. 

97. 98. CATAGRAMMA CLISITHERA. 
99.100. CATAGRAMMA CAMELITA 



MStNHatiKart imp 

-101 102 . CATAGRAMMA CABIRNIA. 
103 104. CATAGRAMMA COTYORA. 



NYMPHALTDiE. 

CATAGRAMMA. XIII. 



CATAGRAMMA CLISITHERA, 97, 98. 

Catagramma CUsithera, Hewifson, Bolivian Butterjiics, 2)age 7. 

Upperside. Male blue-black. Anterior wing with a longitudinal band from 
the base to beyond the middle, divided by the sub-median nervure, and a transverse 
band of spots beyond the middle, all brilliant blue : a linear spot of grey near the 
apex. Posterior wing with four longitudinal bands of the same blue beyond the 
middle, and a submarginal band of green-grey. 

Underside dark grey. Anterior wing from the base to beyond the middle 
carmine tinted with lilac on the costal margin : the base of the costal margin and 
apex grey, bounded inwardly with black marked by one white and three blue spots : 
the outer margin and a submarginal linear band carmine : the fringe alternately 
black and white. Posterior wing crossed before the middle by an irregular linear 
band of carmine, and near the outer margin by a band of the same colour and 
between them by five indistinct brown spots : the fringe white. 

Exp. l-^-j inch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

lu the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Nearly allied to C. Patara. 



CATAGRAMMA CAIMELITA. 99, 100. 

Upperside. IMale blue-black. Anterior wing with a longitudinal band from 
the base, a small spot at the end of it, a broad transverse indented hexafid band 
beyond the middle and a trifid spot near the apex all blue-green. Posterior wing 
with a broad submarginal band of the same colour. 

Underside. .Anterior wing with the base pale yellow, succeeded by carmine, 
by a broad band of black marked near the costal margin by a blue and by a white 
spot and traversed by three blue spots : the apex orange-yellow crossed by an in- 
distinct short brown band, the outer margin black, the fringe black and white. Pos- 
terior Aving orange-yellow crossed near the middle and outer margin by two bands 

Published January 1H, 1S76.] 



NYMPHALID^. CATAGRAMMA. 



of black united at but not touching the costal margin and enclosing a series of five 
minute black spots. 

Exp. Inr i"ch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 

Most like C. Comnena and C. Ochreipennis on the upperside ; more like C. Humboldtii on the 
underside. 



CATAGRAMMA CABIRNIA. 101, 102. 
Catagramma Cahh-nia, Hetoitson, Bolivian Butterflies, page 6. 

Upperside. Male black. Anterior wing with a longitudinal band from the 
base to the middle part of a broad tripartite band, which, running at a right angle 
with it, ends near the anal angle ; a bifid spot beyond the middle of the costal margin, 
and a subapical linear spot all green ; the fringe alternately black and white. Pos- 
terior wing with a submarginal band of green : the fringe white. 

Underside. Anterior wing with the basal half, except the base which is white, 
carmine, followed by black marked at the middle of the costal margin by a white 
and blue spot ; the apex white to a linear band, grey beyond it. Posterior wing grey- 
white, paler between the bands : crossed before the middle by a linear band of black, 
at the middle by a series of five black spots, and beyond the middle by a zigzag linear 
band of the same colour : the costal margin and the end of each of the bands carmine. 

Exp. 1^^ inch. 

Nearly allied to C Euriclea and C Priene on the underside, but different from both above. 



CATAGRAMMA COTYORA. 103, 104. 
Catagramma Cotyora, Hewitson, Bolivian Butterfies, page 7. 

Upperside. Male. Anterior wing black, with a longitudinal band from the 
base to the middle, a spot near the middle of the costal margin, and two spots near 
the anal angle, all green : a linear trifid band of grey near the apex. Posterior wing 
brown with a submarginal macular band of green-gre3^ 

Underside. Anterior wing dark brown, with the base, a spot at the middle ot 
the costal margin, and the apex which is crossed by a very slender black line, all 
silver-white. Posterior wing silver-white tinted with lilac, crossed before the middle 
by an irregular black line, and beyond the middle by a series of five black spots and 
a zigzag linear band of the same colour. 

Exp. 1^§ inch. Hab. Bolivia. (Buckley.) 

In the Collection of W. C. Hewitson. 



QL 

543 

H4 

V.2 

Ent, 



Hewitson, William 
Chapman, 1806-1878. 

Illustrations of new 
species of exotic butter- 
flies: selected chiefly 
from the collections of.. 




SMtTHSONIAN INSTITUTION LIBRARIES 




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