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Full text of "Illustrations of typical specimens of Lepidoptera Heterocera in the collection of the British Museum. Edited by Arthur Gardiner Butler"



2-1 I 



-yc-^ 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



OF 



TYPICAL S P E C I M E N S 



OF 



LEPIDOPTERA HETEROCERA 



IX 



THE COLLECTION 



OF 



THE BRITISH MUSEUM. 



Part I.— By ARTHUR GARDINER BUTLER. 




LONDON: 
PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES. 

1877. 




FI.AMMAM. 




PRINTED I1Y TAYLOR. AND FRANCIS. 
RED LION COURT. FLKF.T STREET. 



L 



PREFAC E. 



The object of this Work is to facilitate the study of Lepidoptera Heterocera by 
giving illustrations, accompanied by short diagnoses, of the typical specimens 
in the British Museum from which species have been described in other works 
or are described now for the first time. A strictly systematic arrangement of 
the species illustrated can be followed only within the limits of the several 
parts of the work. 

The first thirteen plates of this part were executed and printed many years 
ago, to illustrate a catalogue of a much wider scope than that of the present 
work, which will account for discrepancies between names used in the plates 
and those adopted in the text, the nomenclature having in many instances been 
changed since that time. This could not be altered ; but no inconvenience will 
be caused thereby, as in every instance an explanation is given, not only in the 
synonymy, but also in the index. 

The descriptions of this first part have been prepared by Mr. A. G. Butler, 
E.L.S., one of the Senior Assistants in the Department of Zoology. 

ALBEET GUNTHER, 
Keeper of the Department of Zoology. 



British Museum, February 16, 1877- 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



SPHINGIILE. 

CHJEROCAMPA, Dwp. 



crotonis, Wall-. . 


. Venezuela 


. . . p. 1, PL XV. f. 1. 


DARAPSA, Walk. 






rhodocera, Wall: 


. St. Domingo 


. . p. 1, PL XV. f. 2. 


AMBULYX, Walk. 






niarginata, Butl. 


. Rio Janeiro 


. . . p. 2, PL XV. f. 4. 


DILUDIA, Grote. 






brevimargo, But!. 


. Brazil . . 


. . . p. 2, PL XV. f. 5. 


rufescens, Bull. . 


Rio Janeiro 


. . . p. 2, PL XV. f. 6. 


DOLBA, Walk. 






hartwegii, Butl. . 


. Mexico . 


. . . p. 3, PL XV. f. 3. 


CASTXIIJLE. 






CASTNIA, Fair. 






eudesmia, Gray . 


. Chili . . 


. . . p. 3, PL I. f. 2. 


inca, Wall-. . 


. Honduras 


. . . p. 3, PL I. f. 3. 


orestes, Walk. . 


. Brazil . . 


. . p. 4, PL II. f. 2. 


zerynthia, Gray 


. Brazil . . 


. . . p. 4, PL I. f. 5. 


invaria, Walk. . 


. Rio Janeiro 


. . p. 4, PL II. f. 4. 


subvaria, Walk. 


. Rio Janeiro . 


. . p. 4, PL II. f. 1. 


boisduvalii, Walk 


Brazil . 


. . p. 5, PL I. f. 4. 


dalmannii, Gray 


. Brazil . . . 


. . p. 5, PL II. f. 3. 


strigata, Walk. . 


. rernambueo 


. . p. 5, PL II. f. 5. 


SYNEMON, Boubl. 






sopbia, White . 


. King George' 


5 Sound p. 6, PL III. f. 6. 


lseta, Wall: . . 


Australia 


. . p. G, PL III. f. 4. 


tberesa, BouU. . 


. New Holland 


. . p. 6, PL III. f. 5. 


mopsa, Boubl. 


. South Austra 


ha . p. 7, PL III. f. 3. 


plana, Walk. 


. Australia 


. . p. 7, PL III. f. 7. 



VI 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



AMBTLUffi. 






AGARISTA, Leach. 






lewinii, Boisd. . 


Australia 


. . p. 7, PI. IV. f. 2. 


ephyra, Walk. . . 


Tasmania 


. . p. 8, PL IV. f. 4. 


affinis, Boisd. 


Australia 


. . p. 8, PI. IV. f. 3. 


novaB-hibernite, Boisd 


Australia 


. . p. 8, PL IV. f. 5. 


leonora, Dtmbl. . 


Australia 


. . p. 8, PL IV. t. 6. 


donovani, Boisd. 


Australia 


. . p. 9, PL IV. f. 7. 


milete, Cram. . . 


Java . 


. . p. 9, PL V. f. 6. 


EUSEMIA, Balm. 






basalis, Walk. 


Bengal . . 


. . p. 9, PL V. f. 2. 


proxirna, Walk. 




. . p. 10, PL IV. f. 9 


longipcnnis, Walk. . 


Ashanti . . 


. . p. 10, PL V. f. 5. 


pallida, Walk. . . 


Africa . 


. . p. 10, PL V. f. 3. 


contigua, Walk. 





. . p. 10, PL IV. f. 8 


BURGENA, Walk. 






varia, Walk. 


Australia . 


. . p. 11, PL IV. f. 1 



.EGOCERA, Latr. 

bimacula, Walk. . North India 

latreillii, Herr.Seh. Sierra Leone 

fervida, Walk. . . Natal . . 



MET AGARISTA, Walk. 

triphamoidcs, Walk. Ashanti 



p. 11, PL V. f. 4. 
p. 11, PL V. f. S. 
p. 12, PL V. f. 1. 



(nielite (sic), Walk.) 



(magna, Walk.) 



p. 12, PL V. f. 7. 



ZYGiEXID.E. 

ANTERIS, WUgr. 

ampla, Walk. 

NORTHIA, Walk. 

cyanecula, Herr.-Srfi. 

PROCRIS, Fabr. 

trimacula, Walk. . 
tricolor, Walk. . . 

stipata, Walk. . . 

dolens, Walk. . . 

pusilhi, Walk. . . 

apicalis, Walk. . 

POLLANISUS, Walk. 

scqucns, Walk. . . 

rufiVentris, Walk. . 

cupreus, Walk. . . 



Natal 



Sydney . . . 

Tasmania and . 

Australia. 

North India . 

Tasmania . . 
Venezuela . 

Sydney . . . 

Tasmania . . 
Swan River 
West Australia 



p. 12, PL VI. f. 12. 



North China . . p. 13, PL VII. f. 8. (jiigrigeinrna, Walk, i 



p. 13, PL VI. f. 8. 
p. 13, PL VI. f. 6. 

p. 13, PL VII. f. 'J. 
p. 14, PI. VI. f. 1. 
p. 14, PL VI. f. 1. 
p. 14, PL VI. f. 2. 

p. 14, PL VI. f. 3. 
p. 15, PL VI. f. 7. 
p. L5, PL VI. f. 5. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



vn 



NEUROSYMPLOCA, WUgr. 

contraria, Walk, . Natal 



p. 15, PL VII. f. 4. 



TASCIA, Walk. 

pulchra, Butl. . 

PHACUSA, Walk. 



SYNTOMIS, Ochs. 




nostalis, Walk. . 


Natal . . 


kuhlweinii, Lefeb. 


Natal . . 


marginalia, Wall: 


Ashanti . 


divisa, Walk. . . 


Silliot . . 


melas, Walk. . . . 


Nepal . . 


fulvescens, Walk. 


Congo . . 


poctoralis, Walk. 


Moulmoin . 


terminalis, Walk. 


Africa? . . 


constrieta, Butl. . 


. Congo . . 


albimacula, Walk. 


Sierra Leone 


fervida, Walk. 


Moulmein . 


MELISA, Walk. 




connexa, Walk. . 


. West Africa 


diptera, Walk. 




HYDRUSA, Walk. 




bicolor, Walk. 


. Australia . 


nmltigutta, Walk. 


. Nepal . . 


THYRASSIA, Butl 




subcordata, Walk. 


. North India 



P- 


15, 


PL VI. f. 1 1 . 


P- 


10, 


PL VI. f. 17. 


P- 


16, 


PL VI. f. 13. 


P- 


16, 


PL VI. f. 14. 


P- 


17, 


PL VI. f. 10. 


P- 


17, 


PL VII. f. 2. 


P- 


17 


PL VI. f. 15. 


P- 


17, 


PL VII. f. 1. 


P- 


18, 


PL VII. f. <;. 


P- 


18, 


PL VI. f. 9. 


P- 


18, 


PL VI. f. 10. 



(simplex. Walk.) 



(terminali*. var., Walk, i 



p. 18, PL VIII. f. 1. 
p. 19, PL IX. f. 10. 



p. 19, PL IX. f. 1. 
p. 19, PL VII. f. 3. 



p. 19, PL VII. f. 5. 



Congo 



tenebrosa, Walk. . 


North India 


PHAUDA, Walk. 




flammans, Walk. . 


North India 


fortunii, Hm-.-Sch. 


North China 


HISTKEA, Walk. 




bellatrix, Walk. . 


Venezuela . 


amazonica, But?. . 


Amazons 


uranophila, Walk. 


St, Paulo . 


EUCHROMIA, Hlibn. 




leonis, Butl. . . 


Sierra Leone 


semiluna, Walk. . 


9 


EURATA, fferr.-Sch. 




picta, Eerr.-Sch. . 


Venezuela . 



p. 20, PL X. f. 3. (finalis, pt., Walk.) 



p. 20, PL XII. f. 1. 



p. 20, PL IX. f. 2. 

p. 20, PL IX. f. 3. (triadum, Walk.) 



p. 20, PL VIII. f. 8. 
p. 21, PL XVIII. f.l. 
p. 21, PL XVIII. f. 2. 



p. 22, PL X. f. 2. (intcrstans, var., Walk. > 
p. 22, PL IX. f. 8. 



p. 22, PL XL f. 14. (pietula. Walk.) 



Mil 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



SYNTOMEIDA, Harris. 
ferox, WaXk. . . . 
epilais, Wall: . 
tina, Walk. 

EUPYRA, Eerr.-Sch. 
ignita, Herr.-Sch. 
plebcia, Herr.-Sch. . 



United States 
Honduras . 
Eio Grande 



Bogota . . 
Venezuela . 



TRICHELA, Herr.-Sch. 

tolumnensis, Herr.-Sch. Bogota ? 



PSOLOPTERA, Bad. 
thoraciea, Walk. 

ICHORIA, Bail. 



Ega 



quadrigutta, Walk. . 


Mexico . . 


MACROCNEME, Hiibn. 




auripes, Walk. 


Honduras . 


CALLICARUS, Grote. 




plumipes, Drury . . 


Honduras . 


ORCYNIA, Walk. 




calcarata, Walk. . . 


Santarem . 


ISANTHRENE, Hiibn. 




pompiloides, Walk. . 


Guatemala . 


H0M(E0CERA, Feld. 




srintillaiis, Herr.-Sch. 


Venezuela . 


gemmifera, Walk. 


Venezuela . 


salvini, Butl. . . . 


Panama 


SAROSA, Walk. 




sesiiformis, Walk. 


Venezuela . 


ERRUCA, Walk. 




deyrolii, II, rr.-Sch. . 


Rio Grande 


MYRMECOPSIS, Newm. 




tarsalis, 11*,///-. 


Para . . . 


Bemihyalina, Walk. . 


I'.na. 


GYMNELIA, Walk. 




lrcnnus, Walk. . . 


Rio Janeiro 


complcta, Wall: . . 





p. 23, PI. X. f. 7. 
p. 23, PI. VIII. f. 5. 
p. 23, PI. VIII. f. 9. 



p. 23, PI. X. f. S. 
p. 24, PL X. f. 5. 



(opulenta, Wall:) 



p. 24, PL XIII. f. 10. (hirsuta, Walk.) 



p. 24, PL VIII. f. 0. 
p. 25, PL X. f. 1. 
p. 25, PL VIII. f. 4. 
p. 25, PL VIII. f. 2. 
p. 26, PL IX. f. 11. 
p. 26, PL XII. f. 10. 



p. 26, PL XII. f. 4. (flavitarsis, Walk.) 
p. 27, PL XII. f. 12. 
p. 27, PL XVII. f. 4. 



p. 27, PL XII. f. 5. 



p, 28, PL XII. f. 6. 



p. 28, PL XIII. f. 1. 
p. 28, PL XIII. f. 9. 

p. 28, PL XII. E. 8. 
p. 29, PL XII. f. 3. 



L.EM0CHARIS, Herr.-Sch. 
trigutta, Walk. . . 



Bogota . 



p. 29, PL VII. f. H». 






SrSTElLATIC INDEX. 



IX 



THRINACIA, Butl. 

afflicta, Walk. . . . 

PSEUDOMYA, Hulm. 
tipulina, Hiibn. 
tenuis, Bull. . . . 

PHEIA, Walk. 

albisigna, Walk. . . 
gemmata, Bull. 
intensa, Walk. 

C03M0S0MA, Hiibn. 

panopes, Herr.-Sch. . 

centralis, Walk. . . 

teuthras, Walk. . . 

ILIPA, Walk. 

braconoides, Walk. . 

LEUCOTMEMIS, Butl 
latilinca, Walk. . . 

DYCLADIA, Feld. 

varipes, Walk. . . 

pieta, Walk. . . . 

bura, Herr.-Sch. . . 

militaris, Bull. . . 

dorsalis, Walk. . . 

teda, Walk. . . . 

lacteata, Butl. . . . 

MARISSA, Walk. 

columbiua, Fabr. . . 
multiemeta c?, Walk. 

HYSIA, Walk. 

melaleuca, Walk. . 



Para p. 29, Tl. VII. f. 12. 



Pari 

Rio Trombetas 



Honduras . . . 
Sta. ilartha . . 
Honduras . . 



Brazil .... 
Rio Janeiro . . 
Pernambuco, Vene- 
zuela. 



Honduras . 



Amazons 



Para . . . 
Para & Santarem 
Para .... 
Amazons 
Santarem . 
Sta. Catbarina 
Rio Jutabi . 



p. 29, PL VII. f. 7. (bibia, Walk.) 
p. 30, PL XVII. f. 1. 



p. 30, PL VII. f. 11. 
p. 30, PL XVII. f. 5. 
p. 30, PL XII. f. 11. 

p. 31, PL XII. f. 9. (subflamma, Walk.) 
p. 31, PL XL f. 9. 
p. 31, PL XIII. f. 5. 



p. 32, PL XL f. 15. 
p. 32, PL XI. f. 10. 



p. 32, PL XI. f. 5. 

p. 32, PL XL f. 4. 

p. 33, PL XI. f. 12. (discifera, Walk.) 

p. 33, PL XVI. f. 1. 

p. 33, PL XI. f. G. 

p. 34, PL XI. f. 1. 

p. 34, PL XVII. f . 3. 



Haiti 
Haiti 

Para . 



p. 34, PL XL f. 3. (multieineta $ , Walk.) 
p. 35, PL XL f. 11. 



DESMIDOCNEMIS, Maesch. 

platyleuca, Walk. . Venezuela . 

HYDA, Walk. 

xantborbina, Hcrr.-Sch. Pernambuco 



p. 35, PL XL f. 2. 



p. 35, PL XIII. f. 2. 



p. 35, PL XL f. 8. (basilutca, Walk.) 



METHYSIA, Butl. 
notabilis, Walk. 

MALL0DETA, Butl. 
ascyra, Herr.-Sch. 



Para p. 36, PL VII. f. 11. 



Amazons 



p. 36, PL XIII. f. 6. (sortita, Walk.) 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



LAGARIA, Walk. 

vulnerata, Herr.-Sch. 

SCHASIURA, Bull. 

raimica, Bull. . 

HYELA, Walk. 

sangninea, Walk. 

astrifera, But?. 
stipata, Walk. 

EUNOMIA, Hubn. 

andromacba, Fair. 

TRICHITRA, ffiibn. 

latifaseia, Walk. . 
esmeralda, Walk. 

HEREA, Walk. 

metaxanthus, ~\Yalk 
ruficeps, Walk. 

MALLOSTETHUS, Butl. 
metamclas, Walk. 

PROCALYPTA, Butl. 
subcyanea, Walk. 

CERAMIDIA, Butl. 

obseura, Butl. . . 

ANTICHLORIS, Hubn. 
anthraeina, Walk. 



Brazil .... p. 36, PL XII. f. 2. (erytlirarchos, Walk.) 



Rio Solimoes . . p. 37, PI. XVI. f. 6. 



Rio Javary. 
Para . 



. p. 37, PI. XI. f. 13. 
. p. 38, PI. XVII. f. 2. 
. p. 38. PL XIII. f. 8. 



Para. Venezuela . p. 38, PI. XIII. f. 3. (finalis, Walk.) 



Para p. 38, PL XL f. 7. 

Honduras ... p. 39, PL XIII. f. 1 1. 



Para p. 39, PL XII. f. 7. 

Para and Tapajos p. 39, PL XIII. f. 4. 

Pard p. 39, PI. VII. f. 10. 

Mexico. . . . p. 40, PL VIII. f. 11. 



Rio Purus 



Venezuela 



p. 40, PL XVI. f. 5 



p. 40, PL IX. f. 



AUCTIITLE. 




ACLYTIA, Hubn. 




lialys, ('ram. 


. Santarem 


flavigutta, Walk. . 


. Brazil . 


CHARIDEA, Dalm. 




submacula, Walk. 


Venezuela 


arrogans, Walk. . 


Venezuela 


alonzo, Butl. 


Venezuela 






gloriosa, Walk. 


Guatemala 


METRIOPHYLA, Butl. 




apicalis, II, rr.-Sch. 


Venezuela 



p. 41, PL X. f. 6. (Leber. Walk.) 

p. 41, PL VIII. f. 3. 



p. II, PL XHI.f.7. 

p. 42, PI. XI ILL 12. 

p. 12, PL X. f. II. (fastuosa, var., Walk.) 

p. 12. PL XVlU.f.8. 

P. 43, PL X. f. 10. 



p. 43, PL VIII. f. 7. (albiplaga, Walk.) 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



XI 



HELIURA, Butl. 
solicauda, Butl. 
gnoma, Butl. 
lamia, Butl. 

TELIONEURA, Feld. 

brevipennis, Butl. . 

ACRIDOPSIS, Butl. 
marica, Cram. . . 

AUTOMOLIS, Walk. 

cotitraria, Walk. . 
zcnzeroides, Butl. . 
fulgurata, Butl. 
ameoidcs, Butl. 

PIONIA, Walk. 
lycoides, Walk. 

P0MP0ST0LA, ll'dbu. 
vicaria, Walk. . 

RHIPHA, Walk. 
strigosa, Walk. 

EPANYCLES, Butl. 
stellifera, Butl. 

ANDROCHARTA, F, hi. 
diversipennis, Walk. 
stretchii, Butl. . . 

SCEPSIS, Walk. 
trifasciata, Bull. 

EPISCEPSIS, Butl. 
venata, Butl. 

EUCEREON, Hiibn. 
variam, Walk. . 
marmoratum, Butl. 
complicatum, Butl. 
retieulatum, Butl. 
arenosum, Butl. 

HYALEUCERIA, Butl. 
erythrotelus, Walk. 



Honduras . . 

Rio Padanirv . 

Rio Mauhes and 

Rio Purus. 

Rio Turus . . 
Para. . . . 



Ega . . . . 
Rio Purus . 
Espiritu Santo 
Ecuador . . 



Venezuela, Rio 
Janeiro. 

Ashanti, Sierra 
Leone. 

Rio Janeiro 



Rio Jutahi . 



p. 44, PI. IX. f. 4. (tetragramma, var.. 
p. 44, PL XVI. f. i'. [ Walk. 

p. 44, PL XVI. f. ■■',. 



p. 4.3, PI. XVI. f. 9. 



p. 45, PL IX. f. 0. (grylloides, pt, Walk.) 



p. 45, PI. IX. f. 9. 
p. 4(i, PL XVI. f. 8. 
p. 46, PL XVIII. f. 5. 
p. 46, PL XV11I. f. 4. 



p. 47, PL VIII. f. 10. 



p. 47, PL X. f. 4. 



p. 47, PL IX. f. 12. 



p. 48, PL XVI. f. 10. 



Tapajos 
Peru 



p. 48, PL X. f. 9. 
p. 48, PLXYllLf. 



Rio Purus 



Rio Jutahi 



Para . . . 
Rio Jurua . 
Rio Jurua . 
Rio Jutahi . 
Rio Madeira 



p. 49, PL XVI. f. 11. 



p. 49, PL XVI. f. 



p. 49, PL IX. f. 5. 
p. 50, PL XVI. f. 4. 
p. 50, PL XVI. £ 12. 
p. 50, PL XVII. f. 9. 
p. 51, PL XVII. f. 10. 



Para p. 51, PL VII. f. 13. 



Xll 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



NERITOS, Walk. 

obscurata, Bull. . . Fraiiiha . . . 

ELYSIUS, Walk. 

optimus, But?. . . . Rio Junta . . 

ZATREPHES, Hiibn. 

trailii, Buil. . . . Rio Jurua . . 
paradisea, Buil. . . Rio Jutahi . . 

PHMJOPTERA, Eerr.-Seh. 

rhodosoma, Butl. . . Ecuador . . 

ANAXITA, WaVc. 

sannionis, Buil. . . Peru 

EUCYANE, Hubn. 

diana, Bull. . . . Ega .... 

HERACLEA, Eubn. 

commixta, Butl. . . Guatemala . . 

HOPLARCTIA, Butl. 

nantana, Walk. . . East Peru . . 

LITHOSIIME. 

JOSIOIDES, Kid. 

sexmaculata, Bvtl. . Para .... 
purpurata, Butl. . . Rio Solimoes . 

MELAMERIDjE. 
LAMA, Walk. 

striata, Butl. . . . Espiritu Santo 

GANGAMELA, Walk. 

figulina, Butl. . . . Espiritu Santo 

DIOPTIJLE. 

HYRMINA, Walk. 

trailii, Butl. . . . Amazons . . 

STENELE, ^YalJc. 

calida, Bull. . . . East Peni . . 

NYCTEMERID^!. 

PTEROTHYSANUS, Walk. 

laticilia, Walk. . . SiLhet . . . 



p. 51, PI. XYII.f. 6. 

p. 51, PL xvn.f.s. 

p. 52, PI. XYII. f. 7. 
p. 52, PI. XYII. f. 11. 

p. 52, PL XYELI. f. 3. 

p. 53, PL XYHI. f. (5. 

p. 53, PL XIX. f. 6. 

p. 54, PL XIX. f. 1. 

p. 54, PL XIX. f. 2. 



p. 54, PL XIX. f. 4. 
p. 55, PL XIX. f. 5. 



p. 55, PL XIX. f. 7. 
p. 55, PL XIX. f. 8. 

p. 5G, PL XIX. f. 9. 
p. 56, PI. XIX. f. 3. 

p. 50, PL XIY. f. 2. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



xm 



CHALCOSIIDiE. 

EUSCHEMA, Euhn. 
discalis, WaVc. . 
subrepleta. Walk. 
flavescens, Walk. 
bellona, Walk. 

OTROEDA, Wall: 
occidentis, Walk. 
vesperina, Walk, 



Penang. ... p. 57, PI. XIV. f. 1. 

Borneo .... p. 57, PI. XIV. f. 4. 

North India . . p. 57, PI. XIV. f. 3. 

Moulinein ... p. 58, PI. XIV. f. 5. 



Sierra Leone 
Congo . . 



p. 58, PI. XIV. f. 6. 
p. 58, PI. XIV. f. 7. 



URANIID^E. 

NYCTALEMON, Dahn. 



excavatus, Walk. . 


. Haiti . . . 


. p. 58, PI. I. f. 1. 


CORONIS, Lair. 






subpicta, Walk. 


. Venezuela . 


. p. 59, PI. III. f. 2. 


interlineata, Walk. 


9 


. p. 59, PI. III. f. 1. 


LAREXTIILE. 






SCORDYLIA, Guen. 






hurneraria, WaVc. . 


. Bolivia . . . 


. p. 60, PI. XX. f. 8. 


perfectaria, Walk. 


. Mexico . . . 


. p. 60, PI. XX. f. 9. 


salvini, Butl. 


. Yeragua 


. p. 60, PI. XX. f. 10 


ERATEINID.E. 






ERATEINA, Doubl. 






cometaris, Butl. 


. Peru . . . 


. p. 61, PI. XX. f. 6. 


discalis, Butl. . . 


. Peru . . . 


. p. 61, PI. XX. f. 7. 


MARGARODID.E. 






ERILUSA, Walk. 






dioptalis, Walk. . 


. Ega . . . . 


. p. 61, PI. XX. f. 1. 


dioptoides, Walk. . 






cyanea, Walk. . 


. Ega . . . . 


. p. 62, PI. XX. f. 3. 


crocciceps, Walk. . 


.Ega ... . 


. p. 62, PL XX. f. 4. 


EROCHA, Walk. 






discreta, Walk. 


. Ega. . . . 


. p. 62, PI. XX. f. 5. 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



TYPE SPECIMENS 



LEPIDOPTERA HETEROCERA. 



SPHINGIIXE. 

CH^ROCAMPA, Duponchel. 

Chaerocampa crotonis. (Plate XV. fig. 1.) 
Chserocampa crotonis, Walker, Cat. Lep. Ilet. viii. p. 133. n. 10 (1856). 

Body and primaries sap-green : head, collar, and tegulae margined with sordid whitish : 
abdomen with a central longitudinal whitish streak ; a large black spot on each side of the 
basal segment; remaining segments dull golden at the sides, interrupted by a tapering lateral 
brown streak : primaries above with a black spot on lower discocellular veinlet ; seven 
oblique dark streaks running from internal margin to apex, the first and fourth from the 
inside being widest and darkest : secondaries black, with a discal series of pale yellow spots. 
Undersurfaee tawny, speckled and barred with black and grey ; primaries with blackish .basal 
area. Expanse of wings 4 inches 2 lines. 

Venezuela (Dyson). 

DARAPSA, Walker. 

Darapsa rhodocera. (Plate XV. fig. 2.) 

Darapsa rhodocera, Walker, Cat. Lep. Ret. viii. p. 184. n. 4 (1850). 

Greyish mouse-colour, clouded with bronzy brown ; the collar and outer margin of 
tegulse bordered with whitish : abdomen rather pale at the sides, with a black spot on each 
side of the basal segment ; antenna; rosy : primaries with a small pale-bordered grey spot on 
lower discocellular ; a partially brown-edged, whitish, sericeous, oblique discal streak, beyond 



2 SPHIXGID-E. 

which the wing is irrorated with black : secondaries black, the costal area and an elongated 
patch at anal angle grey ; fringe whitish. Undersurface dove-colour, the disk sparsely 
speckled with black : primaries with a large cuneiform blackish patch from the base to 
beyond the end of cell, leaving the median vein and a spot at the end of the cell pale ; 
a discal line of black dots in secondaries. Expanse of wings 3 inches 4- lines. 
St. Domingo (Tweedie). 

AMBULYX, Walker. 

Ambulyx marginata. (Plate XV. fig. 4.) 
Ambulyx marginata, Butler, Proc. Zool. Soc. p. 10. n. 21 (1*75). 

Body and primaries above whity brown, tinted with pink ; base, two subbasal spots, an 
oblique transverse line, a spot near the middle, three on the costa, a quadrate one on the 
costa near apex, a broad external nebula, and several pale lines olive-brown: secondaries 
rosy ; the costa, base, and abdominal area cream-coloured ; outer margin broadly brown ; 
two central dark grey lines, and a discal row of sagittate spots. Wings below yellower than 
above : primaries varied with ochrcous ; the large spot near apex present, the others wanting ; 
transverse streaks better defined ; outer border grey : secondaries pale clay-coloured ; 
markings paler than above. Expanse of wings 4 inches 7 lines. 

Rio Janeiro (Stevens). 

DILUDIA, Grote. 

Diludia brevimargo. (Plate XV. fig. 5.) 
Diludia brevimargo, Butler, Proc. Zool. Soc. p. 12. n. 25 (1875). 

Allied to D. florestan, but smaller ; the outer margins of the wings more waved in 
outline; the primaries greyer, the transverse bands greener, the lines which confine them 
blacker and more strongly dentatcd ; the median black bars less distinct ; the apical spot 
narrower, indistinctly sinuatcd externally : secondaries with the inner transverse black band 
indistinct : the head and thorax greenish grey ; the abdomen less red, marginal stri°-a2 less 
strongly defined. Wings below darker, the bands less distinct and more irregular; the two 
inner bands of secondaries united. Expanse of wings 4 inches 6 lines. 

Brazil (Becker). 

Diludia rufesceus. (Plate XV. fig. 6.) 
Diludia rufescens, Butler, l'ruc. Zn,,l. Soc. p. 12. n. 2<i (1875). 

Allied to D. /ir he nea \ primaries redder; outer margin shorter, more arched; centra] 
band better defined, more dentated externally; apical patch more elongated; submargina] 
white streak more deeply sinuated : secondaries shorter, pale grey, with two ill-defined 
central pale bands: head and collar redder: abdominal lateral sfcrigse less defined. Wings 



DOLBA.— CASTXIA. 3 

below paler, the transverse bands less defined, only two on secondaries. Expanse of wings 
5 inches 3 lines. 

Rio Janeiro (Stevens). 

DOLBA, Walker. 

Dolba hartwegii. (Plate XV. fig. 3.) 

Dolba hartwegii, Butler, Proc. Zool. Soc. p. 259. n. 55 (1875). 

Primaries above smoky brown, crossed by black lines and spots ; a whity brown 
subbasal undulated band ; a white spot at end of cell : secondaries smoky brown, blackish at 
anal angle, pale at base, whitish on costal area near the base ; a pale brown discal streak, 
becoming white towards anal angle, and below it a white-speckled black-centred patch. Wings 
below grey-brown ; a pale dark-edged band from costa of primaries to anal angle of 
secondaries. Expanse of wings 2 inches 5 lines. 
Oaxaca, Mexico (Hartweg) . 

CASTNILD^. 

CASTNIA, Fabricius. 
Castnia eudesnria. (Plate I. fig. 2.) 

Castnia eudesmia, G. R. Gray, Trans. Ent. Soe. ii. p. 145. n. 14 (1837) ; Blaruihard, Gays Chili, 
pi. 5. fig. 8 (1854). 

Primaries greyish brown, with the fringe white; two oblique white bands; internal area 
whitish : secondaries black, shot with blue ; the base and two discal series of large spots red, 
the spots with whitish pupils; outer border greyish brown. Expanse of wings 4 inches 
8 lines. 

Chili (Children). 

Since the publication of Mr. Walker's Catalogue, a male example in fine condition has 
been added to the Collection ; it is smaller and less brown in colour than the type. 

Castnia inca. (Plate I. fig. 3.) 
Castnia inca, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 24. n. 22 (1854). 

Male. — Ferruginous, crossed obliquely from inner margin to apex by a blackish line, 
and varied by spots of pale ferruginous ; three subapical hyaline spots, the centre one large : 
secondaries black, with a broad reddish-orange band and a submarginal series of orange 
spots. Primaries below with basal two thirds castaneous ; apical third brown, varied with 
testaceous spots ; hyaline spots as above ; outer border brown ; two discal ocelli : secondaries 
dull testaceous ; the costa, an arched streak from costa to base of cell, a curved discal baud 
becoming macular towards costa and white-spotted near anal angle, and a sinuated outer 
border, brown. Expanse of wings 3 inches 6 lines. 

Honduras (Dyson). 

b 2 



4 CASTNIIDJE. 

Castnia orestes. (Plate II. fig. 2.) 

Castnia orestes, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 26. n. 27 (1854). 
Castnia umbrata, Menetries, Cat. Petrop. t. xi. fig. 2 (1857). 

Blackish brown above, abdomen whitish : primaries irregularly banded with pale 
brown ; a trifid subhyaline spot near the apex : secondaries with a pearly whitish pyramidal 
band tapering from abdominal margin, and two imperfect discal rows of scarlet spots. 
Primaries below blue-black, brown at base and apex ; bands as above, but tawny ; subapical 
spot whiter : secondaries red-brown, white band and scarlet spots ill denned excepting at anal 
angle, where they cross a large black patch. Expanse of wings 2 inches 11 lines. 

Brazil (Becker). 

Castnia zerynthia. (Plate I. fig. 5.) 

Castnia zerynthia, G. P. Gray, Trans. Ent. Soc. ii. p. 144. n. 11 (1837). 
Castnia langsdoriii. Me" ni tries, Cat. Petrop. t. xi. fig. 1 (1857). 

Mule. — Primaries shining olive-brown, with a K-shaped, bifid, ill-defined, dirty-whitish 
band ; two hyaline white spots near the apex : secondaries black, with the base brown ; a 
broad "central white band not reaching the costa ; an anal streak and two imperfect series of 
spots, yellow. Expanse of wings 4 inches 10 lines. 

Brazil {Children). 

As usual, the measurement does not agree with that given by Mr. Gray ; he made no 
allowance for the setting, but measured from tip to tip of the anterior wings, instead of from 
the central line of the prothorax. 

Castnia invaria. (Plate II. fig. 4.) 
Castnia invaria, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 23. n. 19 (1S54). 

Primaries blackish brown, with three hyaline white bands, two oblique, the third near 
apex perpendicular : secondaries red, greyish testaceous at base ; four irregularly placed 
ovoid subapical hyaline white spots, within which is a black streak; outer border black, 
interrupted and narrow at its lower extremity: thorax brown, abdomen testaceous. Expanse 
of wings 4 inches 1 line. 

Bio Janeiro (Stevens). 

This species is most nearly allied to C. icarus of Cramer. 

Castnia subvaria. (Plate II. fig. 1.) 

Castnia subvaria, Walker, Cat. Lip. /let. i. p. 25. n. 24 (1854). 

Brown above, anal tuft of abdomen slightly tawny : primaries with darker irregular 
transverse bands; three subhyaline subapical whitish spots: secondaries with a broad 
undulated outer border, tawny, becoming darker towards the margin, and intersected from 
apex to first median branch by a sinuated black line. Wings below shot with green and 
purple : primal its uitli basal half brown; apical half testaceous, becoming brown at apex and 



CASTNIA. 5 

tawny on outer margin, and interrupted by an irregular X-shaped arrangement of black 
bauds ; subapical hyaline spots well defined : secondaries nearly as above, but paler ; two 
black spots beyond the middle. Expanse of wings 3 inches 5 lines. 

Rio Janeiro (Steve?is). 

Most nearly allied to C. phalaris. 

Castnia boisduvalii. (Plate I. fig. 4.) 

Caatnia boisduvalii, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 27. n. 28 (1854). 
Castnia beskei, MenStries, Cat. Petrop. t. si. fig. 3 (1857). 

Body dark brown, antennae ferruginous ; abdomeu laterally spotted with reddish orange ; 
anal tuft ferruginous : primaries shining purplish brown, with bronzy reflections, blackish at 
the base and at end of cell ; a very oblique blackish discal band forking to costa from its 
upper third ; three subapical hyaline white spots : secondaries black, with a very irregular 
central scarlet band, and two imperfect submarginal series of scarlet spots. Wings below 
brownish tawny, shading into red in parts : primaiies with the apex broadly brown ; hyaline- 
spots as above ; two subcostal black blotches, and three discal black spots : secondaries with a 
row of black discal dots ; pectus sordid whitish, venter dull testaceous. Expanse of wings 
3 inches. 

Brazil (Becker). 

Castnia dalmannii. (Plate II. fig. 3.) 
Castnia dalmannii, G. R. Gray, Trans. Ent. Soc. ii. p. 145. n. 13 (1837). 

Male. — Primaries olivaceous, with a narrow transverse white band, near which are two 
hyaline dots : secondaries deep red, with the base browu; a broad white patch from abdominal 
margin to subcostal nervure ; a submarginal row of large black spots ; nervures with black 
tips : head and thorax olivaceous, abdomen sordid whitish. Expanse of wings 4 inches 
(i lines. 

Brazil (Children). 

Described as the female. The male of Mr. Gray's description is probably C. hegemon of 
Kollar ; the additional six lines iu expanse are accounted for by the setting of the type ; 
measured from tip to tip it is just four inches and half a line, the anterior wings being thrown 
considerably in advance of the head. 

Castnia strigata. (Plate II. fig. 5.) 

Castnia strigata, Walker, Cat. Lep. Met. i. p. 30. n. 35 (1854). 

Wings above dark brown, shot with dull green : primaries with a white discoidal streak ; 
an angulated streak below it ; an oblique postmedian band, its last two divisions separated by 
the nervures ; two spots on internal area, and two near external angle, also six, placed in pairs, 
near the apex : secondaries with two rows of spots united at anal angle by an irregular orange 



6 CASTXILDvE. 

line j the spots of the inner series white, of the outer pale yellow, becoming suffused with 
tawny at apex : thorax blackish ; abdomen brown, with whitish sides and ochreous tip. 
Primaries below whitish at base, without the white streaks ; outer border suffused with 
reddish : secondaries with basal half white, external half ferruginous ; spots as above. 
Expanse of wings 2 inches 8 lines. 
Pemambuco. 

Walker's description is a compound one, including the C. godartil of Menetries (Cat. 
Petrop. t. xi. fig. 4). 

SYNEMON, Doubleday. 

Synemon sophia. (Plate III. fig. 6.) 
Hesperia sophia, White in Grey's Evped. Austral. App. p. 474. fig. 7. 

Primaries brown, clouded with grey, and spotted with blackish brown ; three arched 
series of spots on the disk, that nearest to apex pure white, the others pale grey ; a white spot 
at end of cell : secondaries black, with a large orange spot near the base, an interrupted discal 
orange band, three large submarginal orange spots, and four dots of the same colour round 
the apical margin ; body brown. Expanse of wings 1 inch 10 lines. 

King George's Sound (Capt. Geo. Grey). 

Synemon beta. (Plate III. fig. 4.) 
Synemon laeta, Walker, Cut. Lep. Bet. i. p. 36. n. 4 (1S54). 

Primaries grey, clouded with brown ; a large irregular central black spot indistinctly 
edged with white and bounded externally by a subcostal whitish spot, beyond which is a 
second black spot, followed by four whitish spots, and succeeded by a white-edged black 
subapical dash ; two submarginal series of black dots : secondaries orange, with a black 
subcostal spot, a curved central black band, and an orange-spotted black border; body brown. 
Iv\ pause of wings 1 inch 10 lines. 

Australia. 

Synemon tlieresa. (Plate III. fig. 5.) 

Synemon theresa, E. Doubhday, Stokes's Discov. Austral. App. i. p. 517, pi. 3. fig, 6. 

Primaries above brown ; a white spot at end of cell ; a discal scries of pale grey streaks, 
enclosing live black spots beyond thediscoidal cell; outer margin blackish, with an ill-defined 
Bubmarginal grey line; fringe whity brown internally, greyish brown externally: secondaries 
tawny brown, a clear tawny spot at end of cell ; a broad clear tawny discal band enclosing a 
-. i it s of black spots ; margin black, fringe as in primaries. "Win^s below bright ochreous, 
with cupreous rctleetions ; basal half greyish ; outer margin black ; fringe brown, with central 
white line: both wings with diffused ferruginous spot at end of cell, and a second better 



SYNEMON.— AGAEISTA. 7 

defined beyond the cell ; black discal spots nearly as above : secondaries with a white spot 
just beyond end of cell, and some small white spots at apex. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 
New Holland. 

Synemon mopsa. (Plate III. fig. 3.) 
Synemon mopsa, Doubleday, Stokes's Discov. Austral. App. i. p. 51S, pi. 3. fig. 7. 

Primaries dark brown ; three greyish white streaks at base of internal half; a white spot 
at end of cell ; a waved discal series of elliptical whitish spots with blackish centres : secon- 
daries fulvous, greyish at base, with three or four greyish brown spots on the disk (or dark 
coppery brown, with a spot at end of cell and the disk castancous ; discal spots dark brown) . 
Wings below light or dark brown, with paler markings : primaries cupreous tinted, with a 
round spot, marked out by a broad ochraceous zone, beyond the end of the cell ; a subapical 
series of blackish discal spots, bounded by a submarginal series of white spots. Expanse of 
wings 1 inch 2i lines. 

South Australia. 

Synemon plana. (Plate III. fig. 7.) 
Synemon plana, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 37. n. 5 (1854). 

Body above pale brown : primaries sordid white, irrorated with dark brown, with black 
costal and outer borders ; a discal series of blackish white-edged spots : secondaries chrome- 
yellow, outer border black-brown, fringe white-varied ; four or five black discal spots. Body 
below white; the wings white, each with black and yellow margins, black-edged white fringe, 
and three or four black spots on the disk. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3-4i lines. 

Australia. 



AGAKISTIDiE. 

AGARISTA, Leach. 

Agarista lewinii. (Plate IV. fig. 2.) 
Agarista lewinii, Boisduval, Voy. de V Astrolabe, i. Lep. p. 176. n. 6. 

Primaries purplish black ; four spots on basal area, an angulated band beyond the middle, 
a subapical decreasing discal series of dots, and a submarginal series of elongate dots sulphur- 
yellow : secondaries purplish brown ; costal area paler, sericeous ; a squamose yellow spot 
beyond end of cell : body black-brown, thorax yellow-varied, anal tuft ochreous. Wings 
below with fewer spots than above ; body banded with orange. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
10 lines to 2 inches 2 lines. 

Australia. 



8 AGAEISTID.E. 

Agarista ephyra. (Plate IV. fig. 4.) 
Agarista ephyra, Walker, Cat. Lep. Met. i. p. 42. n. 6 (1854). 

Smaller than the preceding ; primaries with five spots on the basal area ; postmedian 
band not so strongly angulated ; spot on secondaries large and distinct. Expanse of wings 
1 inch 7-9 lines. 

Tasmania. 

Agarista aflhiis. (Plate IV. fig. 3.) 
Agarista aflinis, Boisduval, Toy. de V Astrolabe, i. Lip. p. 177. n. 8. 

Black-brown ; primaries with basal half yellow-speckled ; a more or less interrupted 
oblique postmedian band ; a bisinuated discal series of minute white dots ; yellow spots on the 
fringe at apex and external angle ; secondaries with the fringe yellow-spotted ; body blackish ; 
head and thorax varied with whitish ; abdomen with whitish edges to the segments ; anal tuft 
fulvous. Legs below varied with fulvous ; primaries without the basal yellow speckling or 
white discal dots ; secondaries with a dot at end of cell and a discal series grey. Expanse of 
wings 1 inch 5 lines. 

Australia. 

Agarista novae-hibernrae. (Plate IV. fig. 5.) 
Agarista novao-hibernia?, Boisduval, Voy. de V Astrolabe, i. Lip. p. 128. n. 10. 

Primaries above black ; the base of the costa and the discoidal cell spotted with pale 
blue ; internal area transversely streaked with pale creamy yellow ; an irregular, externally 
tridentate, pale yellow, postmedian band ; a discal scries of pale blue dots : secondaries with 
the basal half greenish grey, external half black-brown ; fringe spotted with white : head 
and thorax black, spotted with pale yellow; abdomen grey; anal tuft fulvous, with black 
dorsal spot. Primaries below without internal transverse streaks, discoidal blue spots united 
into a patch; postmedian baud white; no discal dots; fringe white at apex and external 
angle, as above : secondaries white, with a greenish tinge; a transverse black spot closing the 
cell ; a broad external black band, crossed by a series of blue spots ; pectus white, venter 
fulvous. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 

Australia. 

Agarista leonora. (Plate IV. fig. 6.) 

Agarista leonora, Duubleilny. KttJ.rs's Discov. Austral. A/i}>. i. p. ">l s . 

\Vmj;s black : primaries streaked with pale blue; a transvcr.se oblique spot just beyond 
the middle of the cell, a trilid spot beyond it, and four discal spots (the third elongated, 
large, on first median interspace) pale yellow ; four bluish discal spots in pairs beyond the 
velluw spots: secondaries greyish at base; costal area cupreous ; a discoanal macular pale 



AGAEISTA.— EUSEMIA. 9 

yellow streak ; fringe spotted with white. Head and thorax black, varied with yellow ; 
abdomen bluish, with orange anal tuft. Wings below shining black, spotted here and there 
with blue : primaries with a discoidal spot as above, and an irregular macular postmedian 
band, pale yellow ; internal area brown : secondaries with the yellow streak broader than 
above. Body below dark brown ; palpi and collar pale yellow ; coxte and femora clothed with 
orange hair ; tibiae and tarsi spotted with pale yellow ; abdomen with whitish edges to the 
segments ; anal tuft orange. Expanse of wings 1 inch 11 lines. 
Australia. 

Agarista donovani. (Plate IV. fig. 7.) 

Agarista donovani, Boisduval, Voy. de V Astrolabe, i. Lip. p. 176. n. 7. 

Wings above black-brown, with a blue shot : primaries with two spots in the cell, and 
three bifid discal spots in the form of a triangle, sulphur-yellow ; a subapieal bifid or trifid 
grey spot ; apex white, fringe white-spotted : secondaries crossed by an Irregular sulphur- 
yellow band, fringe white-spotted. Body black ; head, collar, and teguke varied with yellow ; 
abdomen banded with yellow ; anus clothed with black and fulvous hairs. Wings below almost 
as above: pectus brown; legs with orange hairs, tibiae and tarsi white-spotted; venter creamv 
whitish, terminal segments orange. Expanse of wings 1 inch 11 lines to 2 inches 2 lines. 

Australia. 

Agarista milete. (Plate V. fig. 6.) 

Phalsena-noctua milete, Cramer, Pap. Exot. i. pi. xviii. fig. D (1779). 
Eusemia milete, Moore, Cat. Lep. E. I. C. p. 290. n. 686 (1858). 
Eusemia melite (sic), Walker, Cat. Lep. Eet. i. p. 53. n. 14 (1854). 

Black ; head white-spotted ; collar orange, thorax spotted with pale yellow ; teguke 
friuged with grey; abdomen with the basal segments white-edged, the anal segments yellow- 
edged ; anal tuft orange. Wings spotted here and there with metallic steel-colour ; two 
irregularly arched series of pale yellow spots ; primaries with a spot of the same colour near 
the end of the cell ; fringe of secondaries white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 8 lines to 2 inches 
2 lines. 

Java (Horsfield). 

This species is decidedly allied to A. leonora and A. donovani, and therefore cannot be 
retained in the genus Eusemia ; the two genera are, however, very similar in structure, and 
can be best distinguished by external facies. Dr. Boisduval considers them identical (and I 
am inclined to agree with him), although they have a very different aspect. 

EUSEMIA, Dalman. 

Eusemia basalis. (Plate V. fig. 2.) 

Eusemia basalis, Waller, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 53. n. 12 (1854). 

Black-brown ; abdomen handed with orange : primaries spotted with steel-blue ; a large 

c 



10 AGAEISTIDJE. 

spot near the base, a small costal spot, and a band across the middle pale yellow : secondaries 
with a central pale yellow spot j a large fulvous abdominal patch near the base. Wings 
below nearly as above. Expanse of wings 2 inches 3 lines. 
Bengal. 

Eusemia proxima. (Plate IV. fig. 9.) 

Eusemia proxima, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 50. n. 6 (1S54). 

Primaries black-brown, a basicostal orange line ; an oblique central pale yellow band, 
and a transverse litura of the same colour beyond the end of the cell : secondaries black- 
brown, with a very broad central tawny band crossed by a brown streak. Head, thorax, base 
of abdomen, and a broad subanal tuft black-brown ; centre of abdomen, anal tuft, shoulders, 
crest, and collar tawny : wings below shot with deep blue, otherwise as above. Expanse of 
wings 2 inches 4 to 7 lines. 

Assam. 

Eusemia longipennis. (Plate V. fig. 5.) 
Eusemia longipennis, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 51. n. 9 (1S54). 

Primaries black-brown, speckled with grey at the base ; a small spot towards the base of 
the cell, a large pyriform spot on inner margin, two large central spots placed obliquely, 
a spot near external angle, and an oblique subapical series of five elongated spots towards 
apex deep ochreous : secondaries red (probably carmine in fresh examples), with the base, 
apex, and a broad external border black ; apex of both wings fringed with white. Head and 
thorax black, spotted with white ; abdomen brown, anal segments dull black : wings below 
rather paler than above. Expanse of wings 3 inches 6 to 11 lines. 

Ashanti. 

Eusemia pallida. (Plate V. fig. 3.) 
Eusemia pallida, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 52. n. 10 (1S54). 

Nearly allied to the preceding species, but smaller ; the primaries shorter and more 
rounded at apex ; the secondaries ochreous, with a much narrower black outer border. 
Abdomen brown, banded with ochreous. Expanse of wings 3 inches. 

Hub. — ? 

This and the following are doubtless African species. 

Eusemia contigua. (Plate IX. fig. 8.) 

Eusemia contigua, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 50. n. 7 (1854). 

Primaries black-brown, streaked witli plumbagiiicous ; a large oblique spot near the base, 
cut by the median nervure, a spot near the end of the cell, and an irregular postmediau band 
ochraceous ; apex white : secondaries red, with a black-brown border ; fringe varied with 



BURGENA.— ^GOCERA. 11 

whitish. Head and thorax black-brown, spotted with white ; abdomen shining brown, banded 
with testaceous. Expanse of wings 2 inches 1 line. 
Bab. — ? 

BURGENA, Walker. 

Burgena varia. (Plate IV. fig. 1.) 

Damias varia, Walker, Cat. Lep. Ilet. i. p. 15. n. 4 (1854). 

Black ; head and palpi streaked with white ; collar and margins of tcguke testaceous ; 
abdomen banded with ochrcous : primaries with an elongated ochreous spot near the base ; 
three central white spots in the form of a triangle : secondaries crossed by an irregular narrow 
orange band. Expanse of wings 1 inch 8 to ] 1 lines. 

Australia, Richmond river. 

B. varia, B. transdueta, and B. educta chiefly differ in the width of the orange band of 
secondaries. 

-EGOCERA, Latreille. 

JEgocera bimacula. (Plate V. fig. 4.) 

^Egocera bimacula, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 57. n. 5 (1854). 

Primaries chocolate-brown, irrorated with grey ; a large cuneiform patch, with its apex at 
the base of the wing (interrupted in front by two blackish spots, and behind by one, with 
plumbagineous centres) and an oblique band beyond the middle pale yellow ; a very irregular 
purplish red band partially enclosing the yellow markings ; outer border purplish red, edged 
with ochreous ; fringe brown internally, whitish externally : secondaries orange, with two 
large central rounded black spots ; a broad submarginal irregular dark brown band ; a slender 
deep red marginal line. Head and thorax chocolate-brown, varied with pale yellow ; abdomen 
orange, spotted with black. Wings below paler than above ; costa of primaries ochraceous, 
the same colour replacing the pale yellow markings. Expanse of wings 2 inches. 

North India. 

iEgocera latreillii. (Plate V. fig. 8.) 

jEgocera latreillii, Herrich-Seliiiffer, Aussl. ScJimett. i. pi. 5. fig. 19. 
iEgocera magna, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 56. n. 3 (1854). 

Primaries reddish chocolate, sparsely irrorated with grey; costa and inner margin black- 
brown ; a spot in the cell, a macular interno-median longitudinal streak, and a postmedian 
band pale yellow ; several plumbagineous lines between the yellow markings ; outer margin 
narrowly dark brown ; fringe ochreous : secondaries orange, with a large spot at the end of 
the cell, and a rather broad submarginal dark brown border. Thorax reddish chocolate, varied 
with pale yellow : abdomen orange. Wings below paler ; primaries with the margins and 
markings ochreous. Expanse of wings 1 inch 11 lines to 2 inches 1 line. 

Sierra Leone (Foxcroft fy Morgan). 

c 2 



12 AGAEISTID.E. — ZYGJEKIDM. 

iEgocera fervida. (Plate V. fig. 1.) 
iEgocera fervida, Waller, Cat. Lep. Ilet. i. p. 57. n. 4 (1854). 

Primaries lighter or darker purplish brown, irrorated with grey ; costal margin and 
fringe cream-colour ; an interno-median longitudinal band and an oblique transverse post- 
median band cream-colour : secondaries orange, a black or red-brown elongate spot on the 
discocellular nervures, and a broad slightly irregular marginal border of the same colour ; 
fringe ochreous. Head aud thorax black-brown, with a central longitudinal cream-coloured 
streak; abdomen orange, with a dorsal row of black spots; below paler; base, costa, and 
bauds of primaries ochreous : secondaries with the outer border ferruginous, becoming darker 
at anal angle. Pectus ochreous ; venter white, with lateral black dots. Expanse of wiugs 
1 inch 10 lines to 2 inches 2 lines. 

Natal (Gueinzius) , South Africa (Sir A. Smith). 

The reddish-bordered form is simply a variety occurring with the typical form at Natal. 

METAGARISTA, Walker. 
Metagarista triphaenoides. (Plate V. fig. 7.) 
Metagarista triphaenoides, Waller, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 61. n. 1 (1854). 

Primaries pale brown, the base of costa and internal half of wing sprinkled with black 
scales ; two or three black liturae across the basal half of the discoidal cell, two transverse 
grey-centred elongate black spots with black-edged pale zones, one beyond the middle, the 
other at the end of the cell ; two parallel waved discal lines, the nervures, and the intcr- 
nervular folds black ; margin and fringe black, traversed by an undulated pale yellow line : 
secondaries orange, with an interrupted black external border. Thorax pale brown ; abdomen 
ochreous, banded with black. Wings below ochreous ; a diffused submarginal brown streak : 
primaries with a black spot in the cell aud a second at the end of it. Body ochreous, venter 
whitish. Expanse of wings 2 iuches 6 lines. 

Ashanti. 

We have a second smaller specimen in the Museum from Cape Coast. Phcegorista 
leucomela of Hcrrich-Schaffer is a distinct but allied species. 

ZYGiENIDiE. 

ANTERIS, Wallengren. 

Anteris ampla. (Plate VI. fig. 12.) 

Zygsena ampla, Walker, Cat. Lep. Ilet. i. p. 101. n. 59 (1S54). 

Primaries dark brown, with live cream-coloured spots — one at the base, the other four 
arranged in pairs across the middle and near the apex of the wing : secondaries ochreous the 



NORTHIA. — PROCRIS. 13 

apex and outer margin black ; a subapical ochreous spot connected internally with the ground- 
colour ; a lunate black costal marking. Head and thorax black, white-spotted ; abdomen 
carmine, banded with black; antennae black, with a white spot at the base of the club. 
Wings below nearly as above, but the spots of primaries yellower. Body below black. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 6 Hues. 
Natal. 

NORTHIA, Walker. 

Northia cyanecula. (Plate VII. fig. 8.) 

Nov. gen. cyanecula, Herrich-Schaffer, Aussl. Schmett. i. fig. 224. 

Glaucopis (Northia) nigrigemina, Walker, Cat. Lep. Ilet. i. p. 141. n. 1 (1854). 

Primaries hyaline white ; base, internal area, margins, veins, and a spot on discocellulars 
purplish brown : secondaries purplish bi-own, with a hyaline spot, crossed by brown nervures, 
on the disk. Body black-brown ; crest, collar, aud teguke spotted with glittering metallic 
green ; antennse metallic blue or green ; anal segments crossed by green or cupreous bands ; 
anus with a pale ochraceous tuft. Body black-brown below ; the coxae and sides of abdomen 
green. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 

North China : Hong-kong (Bo wring). 

PROCRIS, Fabricius. 
Procris trimacula. (Plate VI. fig. 8.) 
Procris trimacula, Walker, Cat. Lep. Hct. i. p. 110. n. 12 (1854). 

Wings dark brown : primaries with three sordid testaceous spots, two across the middle 
and one subapical. Head, antennse, and thorax black ; collar, tegulae, and abdomen fiery 
metallic copper-colour ; anal tuft ochraceous. Wings below dark brown, with a subcostal 
metallic green streak. Expanse of wings 9 lines. 
Sydney (Lambert). 

Procris tricolor. (Plate VI. fig. 6.) 
Procris tricolor, Walker, Cat. Lep. Hct. i. p. 111. n. 13 (1854). 

Wings smoky brown, scmitransparent. Body black ; collar crimson ; base of abdomen 
banded with cream-colour-, subtcrminal segment with a border of the same colour, remaining 
segments with lateral cream-coloured dots ; venter, with the base and the margins of all the 
segments, cream-coloured. Expanse of wings 9 lines to 1 inch. 

Tasmania and Australia. 

Procris stipata. (Plate VII. fig. 9.) 
Procris stipata, Walker, Cat. Lep. Ret. i. p. 114. n. 19 (1854). 

Wings black-brown, with a white fringe, sordid in the centre : primaries with two golden- 



14 ZYG^NID^E. 

green metallic streaks at the base, four -white spots in pairs : secondaries with a white streak 
near the base and a white spot at the end of the cell. Body black-brown. Head, collar, and 
tegulae golden green ; pectus golden green. Expanse of wings 10£ lines. 
North India. 

Procris dolens. (Plate VI. fig. 4.) 

Procris dolens, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 112. n. 10 (1S54). 

Entirely smoky brown, with a slight purplish tinge; the costa of primaries, base of 
secondaries, and abdomen sometimes slightly tinted with green ; in the type the primaries are 
shot with dark green from near the base to the outer margin. Expanse of wings G\ to 8^ 
lines. 

Tasmania. 

Procris? pnsilla. (Plate VI. fig. 1.) 

Procris pusilla, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 112. n. 15 (1854). 

Wings semitransparent smoky brown ; secondaries slightly iridescent. Body black ; 
abdomen with dark green reflections, with a more or less defined lateral marginal line ; legs 
brown. Expanse of wings 7 lines. 

Venezuela (Dyson). 

A very narrow-winged species, possibly generically distinct, but the type is much worn. 

Procris apicalis. (Plate VI. fig. 2.) 
Procris apicalis, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 111. n. 14 (1854). 

Primaries bright metallic green ; secondaries dark smoky brown. Body smoky brown, 
more or less sprinkled with metallic green scales ; antennae metallic green ; anal tuft orange. 
Wings below paler smoky brown, with broad green borders; fringe brown. Expanse of 
wings 8 to 9 lines. 

Australia, Sydney. 

Walker's var. /3 is a very distinct species ; the specimens enumerated from Tasmania are 
also distinct. 

POLLANISUS, Walker. 
Pollanisus sequens. (Plate VI. fig. 3.) 
I'ollanisus sequens, Walker, Cut. Lep. Hit. i. p. 115. n. 2 (1854). 

Primaries bright metallic green, fringe brown ; secondaries smoky brown, fringe paler : 
thorax and shank of antenna? green, pectinations of antennae brown. Abdomen green or 
cupreous. Wings below brown, with a green subcostal streak. Expanse of wings 9 to 10 
lines. 

Tasmania. 



POLLANISUS. — SYNTOMIS. 15 

Pollanisus ? rufiventris. (Plate VI. fig. 7.) 

Procris rufiventris, Walker, Cat. Lep. Uet. i. p. 110. n. 11 (1854). 

Wings purplish brown. Head, thorax, base of abdomen, and anus black ; remaining 
segments of abdomen reddish orange. Expanse of wings 7 to 9 lines. 
Swan river, Australia. 

I am rather doubtful as to whether this should not form the type of a new genus, the. 
pectinations of the antenna? in the male being shorter than in the otber species. 

Mr. Walker gives 4 lines as the measurement of the wings ; but this must be a misprint, 
for the smallest example in the Museum, when measured from tip to tip of the primaries, 
expands 6 lines. 

Pollanisus cupreus. (Plate VI. fig. 5.) 

Pollanisus cupreus, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 115. n. 3 (1854). 

Primaries metallic copper-colour, the apical area purplish brown ; secondaries dark 
brown. Head and thorax bright copper- colour ; antennae black ; abdomen blackish. Wings 
below purplish brown, fringe paler; pectus and frons cupreous. Expanse of wings 10 to 11 
lines. 

West Australia (Clifton), Swan river (Richardson) . 

NEUR0SYMPL0CA, Wallengren. 
Neurosynrploca contraria. (Plate VII. fig. 4.) 
Zygaena contraria, Walker, Cat. Lep. Hit. i. p. 113. n. 18 (1854). 

Primaries semitransparent brown, with six small orange spots placed obliquely in pairs — 
the first pair at the base connected by a pale testaceous patch ; the second pair in the middle, 
also connected by a pale band ; the third pair subapical, not connected : secondaries crimson, 
with a very irregular black border. Body black, with an orange spot on each shoulder. 
Expanse of wings 11 to 14 lines. 

Natal (Gueinzius). 

A second example of this species was placed by Mr. Walker among the specimen!* 
referred to Zygeena concinna, which unfortunate error has caused much confusion. Walker's 
description of the body in Z. concinna is taken from an example of Z. hottcntotta. 

SYNTOMIS, Ochsenheimer. 

Syntomis nostalis. (Plate VI. fig. 11.) 

<$ . Syntomis nostalis, Walker, Cat. Lep. Ilet. i. p. 129. n. 28 (1854). 
5 . Syntomis simples, Walker, I. c. n. 27 (1854). 

Blue-black ; primaries with five white hyaline dots, one at the base, two in the middle, 
and two before apex : secondaries with a small white spot on interno-mediau area near the 



16 ZYG.ENIDjE. 

base. Abdomen with an orange spot at the base and a row of orange dots along each side. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch to 1 inch 3 lines. 
Natal. 

Syntoinis kuhlwehiii. (Plate VI. fig. 17.) 

Syntomis khulwcinii, Lefebvre, Mag. de Zool. Class, ix. pi. 23 (1832). 
Syntomis simplex (pt), Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 120. n. 27 (1854). 

Dark shining green ; primaries with six hyaline white spots, one near the base, two in 
the middle, three before the apex ; secondaries with two spots, one on interno-median area 
near the base, the other between the median branches ; abdomen with a scarlet spot at the 
base and a row of scarlet dots on each side. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 to"4 lines. 

Xatal. 

This species and the females of S. nostalis were formerly confounded together; conse- 
quently Mr. Walker's description of S. simplex is a compound one, in part corresponding to 
each species. The colour is that of S. nostalis, as also the description of the hind wings and 
body ; but the front wings are described from an example of S. kuhlweinii. 

Syntomis marginalis. (Plate VI. fig. 13.) 
Switomis marginalia, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 130. n. 30 (1854). 

Wings dark green; primaries with two transparent white spots in the middle, and two at 
second third of wing, the lower one bifid ; secondaries with a small spot on interno-median 
area near the base, a second larger one in the cell, and two unequal small ones on the median 
interspaces. Head black, frons ochreous ; collar black, with an orange spot on each side ; 
thorax dark green ; an orange spot on each tegula. Abdomen dark green, with lateral 
segmental orange fascia; ; pectus dark green ; legs streaked with ochreous ; venter bronzy, 
with a large central oval orange spot on each segment. Expanse of wings 20 lines. 

Ashanti. 

Syntomis divisa. (Plate VI. fig. 1 l.i 
Syntomia divisa. Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 131. n. 31 (1854). 

Wings transparent white, the margins and veins black; primaries with the base black, 
with a yellow basal spot ; an interno-median transverse band; a bar from the end of the cell 
t<> i lie outer margin, and a cuneiform spot on the margin near external angle, blaek : secon- 
daries with a blaek subquadrate spot, continuous with the outer border, against the first 
median branch. Head black, Irons white; thorax dark green, a large spot on each shoulder 
and two small spots on each side of metatborax orange. Abdomen dark green, banded with 
orange. Body below bronzy brown; front COXSe sordid white, remaining coxae ochreous; 
femora below and base of tarsi white ; venter broadly banded with sordid white. Expanse 
of « ings 20 lines. 

Silhet. 



SYNTOMIS. 17 

Syntomis melas. (Plate VI. fig. 10.) 
Syntomis melas, Walker, Cat. Lep. Ret. i. p. 133. n. 36 (1854). 

Wings transparent white ; margins and veins brown : primaries with the apical and 
external angles with broad sinuated borders; a large spot of brown at the end of the cell. 
Body purplish brown ; frons, two spots on the collar, tegula?, two longitudinal patches on the 
mesothorax, two dots on the metathorax, six more or less interrupted bands on the abdomen, 
the coxae, spots on the trochanters, and five broad ventral bands cream-colour. Expanse of 
wings 2 inches 4 lines. 

Nepal (Hardwicke). 

Syntomis fulvescens. (Plate VII. fig. 2.) 

Syntomis fulvescens, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 132. n. 34 (1854). 
Var. Jfaclia thyretiformis, Wattengren, Wien. ent. Hon. iv. p. 40. 
Ceryx thyretiformis, Wallengren, I. c. vii. p. 140. 

Wings dark brown : primaries with a broad transverse band before the middle, cut by 
the median vein, and two large bifid spots halfway between the band and the apex transparent 
white : secondaries with a transparent submedian fascia. Body dark brown, hairy ; crest, 
tegulae, two spots on metathorax, and three parallel longitudinal abdominal bands ochreous ; 
anus clothed with whitish hairs. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Congo [Richardson) and South Africa. 

Syntomis pectoralis. (Plate VI. fig. 15.) 
Syntomis pectoralis, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 133. n. 35 (1854). 

Wings transparent white, the veins and margins dark brown : primaries with a band 
from costa, across the discocellulars, to second median branch, where it unites with a large 
subcorneal patch at external angle ; a broad apical patch and a bar through the discoidal 
interspace dark brown. Head and thorax black ; frons and shoulders white ; metathorax 
and base of abdomen carmine ; remainder of abdomen dark green, pectus dark brown ; coxa* 
carmine; venter variable greenish brown. Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Moulmein (Clerck) and Cambodia. 

Syntomis terminalis. (Plate VII. fig. 1 .) 
Syntomis terminalis (pt.), Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 130. n. 20 (1854). 

Wings transparent white, the veins and margins dark brown : primaries with the apical 
area, discoidal interspace, and an irregular transverse band across the end of the cell, from 
costa to external angle, black-brown : secondaries with the external third black-brown. 
Head and thorax dark green ; abdomen bronzy brown ; anus tawny ; coxae and lateral series 
of ventral spots white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 4| lines. 

Africa ? 

D 



18 ZYG&NIDM. 

Syntomis constricta, n. sp. (Plate VII. fig. 6.) 
Syntomis fcerminalis (pt.), Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 130. n. 29 (1854). 

Abdomen more slender and more constricted than that of the preceding species, -with a 
transverse white band at the base : wings paler* ; the transverse band of primaries broader ; 
the upper hyaline spot, left between the band and apex, simple instead of bifid ; lower bifid 
hyaline spot considerably smaller. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 

Congo (Richardson). 

Syntomis albimacula. (Plate VI. fig. 9.) 
Syntomis albimacula, Wallcer, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 128. n. 26 (1854). 

Nearly allied to S. terminalis ; wings shorter ; the discal hyaline spots very much 
smaller, the upper one simple ; secondaries smaller, apical half purplish brown. Body dark 
green ; a white dot on the crest ; abdomen with a transverse white band at the base and 
another just beyond the middle ; anus purplish above, tawny below ; coxse and two ventral 
bauds white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 2 lines. 

Sierra Leone (Morgan). 

Syntomis fervida. (Plate VI. fig. 16.) 
Syntomis fervida, Walker, Cat. Lep. Set. i. p. 131. n. 31 (1854). 

Wings yellowish hyaline, margins black-brown : primaries with the veins, apex, a spot 
on the margin at apex of first median interspace, and a spot on lower discocellular, black ; 
a costal streak and the submcdian ncrvure ochreous. Body bright ochreous ; the crest, three 
longitudinal lines on the thorax, outer fringe of tegulse, sides of metathoracic glandular 
drums, five narrow abdominal bands, the anus, and the legs in part, blackish. Expanse of 
wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Moulmein (Clerc/c). 

MELISA, Walker. 
Melisa connexa. (Plate VIII. fig. 1.) 
Euchromia (Aclytia) connexa, Walker, Cat. Lep. Net. i. p. 246. n. 80 (1854). 

Primaries purplish brown ; a hyaline-white quadrate spot within the end of the cell ; 
secondaries hyaline white, the veins and borders dark brown. Body black ; head with a 
blue spot on the vertex; collar, base of tegulce, and sides of abdomen orange; metathorax 
with two blue spots; pectus dark brown, spotted with blue; trochanters orange; venter 
orange, with an interrupted black lateral line. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1- lines. 

West Africa. 

* This is very possibly due to lading. 



MELISA. — THTEASSIA. 19 

Melisa diptera. (Plate IX. fig. 10.) 
Euchromia (Melisa) diptera, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 265. n. 114 (1854). 

Wings black, with purple reflections; the secondaries very small. Body black; abdomen 
with lateral series of ochrcous dots ; anus castaneous ; pectus black; femora, tibiae, and tarsi 
reddish orange ; venter with the basal half reddish orange, anal half ochreous. Expanse of 
wings 2 inches 1 line. 

Congo (Richardson). 

HYDRUSA, Walker. 

Hydrusa bicolor. (Plate IX. fig. 1.) 

Euchromia (Hydrusa) bicolor, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 255. n. 90 (1854). 

Wings black. Body black ; the head, collar, and seven broad transverse abdominal bauds 
orange. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 
Australia. 

Hydrusa mnltigntta. (Plate VII. fig. 3.) 
Syntomis multigutta, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 134. n. 37 (1854). 

Wings yellowish hyaline, margins and veins black-brown : primaries with a discocellular 
litura and the apex brown : secondaries with rather a wide outer border. Head and thorax 
black ; outer margin of tegulre carmine : abdomen carmine, with three rows of oblong spots 
and the anus black ; pectus dark brown, trochanters carmine ; venter carmine, with two rows 
of oblong black spots. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Nepal (Hardwicke) . 

The type is faded, consequently the abdomen is described as " reddish luteous ; " but we 
now have a fresh example from Darjeeling, and a second marked " India," in both of which 
the abdomen is bright carmine. 

i 
THYRASSIA, Butler. 

Thyrassia subcordata. (Plate VII. fig. 5.) 
Syntomis subcordata, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 132. n. 33 (1854). 

Brownish black : primaries with three luteous hyaline spots, two forming a postmedian 
transverse band, the third subapical : secondaries with a large ochreous spot at the base : 
abdomen with a broad central ochreous band, interrupted by one or sometimes two black- 
edged segments and a slender longitudinal dorsal line. Frons and collar ochreous ; venter 
black. Expanse of wings 10 to 12 lines. 

North India. 

d2 



20 zyg,enid.e. 

TASCIA, Walker. 
Tascia pulchra. (Plate X. fig. 3.) 
Euchromia (Aclytia) finalis (pt.), Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 245. n. 77 (1854). 

Dull dark brown : primaries with a quadrifid postmedian hyaline spot : secondaries 
hyaline white at base, median area bright metallic blue : crest, apex of antennae, back of the 
eyes, and collar, metallic steel-blue ; second and third segments laterally metallic green, 
below which all the segments have a line of carmine ; frons and pectus spotted with steel-blue. 
Primaries below with a dash of metallic blue in the cell : secondaries with basicostal area and 
a subcostal spot metallic green ; the hyaline area edged with blue ; anal angle greenish ; 
otherwise as above. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Congo (Curror). 

The type of T. finalis of Walker is from Natal, and is identical with his T. chrysotelus 
(Lep. Het. vii. p. 1600. n. 1). 

PHACUSA, Walker. 
Phacusa tenebrosa. (Plate XII. fig. 1.) 

Glaueopis (Phacusa) tenebrosa, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 150. n. 16 (1854). 
Syntomis tenebrosa, Walker, I. c. vii. p. 1592 (1856). 

Wings hyaline white ; the veins, margins, bases, apices, and a baud before apex in both 
wings black ; two gold spots at base of primaries : head and thorax black ; the collar, centre 
of nictathorax, and abdomen golden : abdomen banded with black, anal segment purplish 
black : secondaries with a pyriform subcostal embossed testaceous spot. Body below black ; 
venter banded with gold ; anus purplish. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 4 lines. 

North India. 

PHATJDA, Walker. 
Phauda flammans. (Plate IX. fig. 2.) 
Euchromia (Phauda) flammans, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 257. n. 98 (1854). 

Primaries dull deep red, with a large oval external black marginal patch : secondaries 
subhyalinc blackish, with the costa red : head and thorax dull deep red : abdomen brown, 
densely clothed with long hair, red at the sides, and with two long terminal tufts of black 
hair. Wings below brighter than above. Body, excepting the base of venter, terminal tufts, 
the proximal half of femora, the tibia;, and tarsi bright scarlet. Expanse of wings 14 lines. 

North India. 

Phauda fortunii. (Plate IX. fig. 3.) 

Nov. gen. fortunii. Serrich-Schaffer, Aussl. Schmett. i. fig. 223. 

Euchromia (Phauda) fcriadum, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 257. n. 99 (185 I ). 

Wings semitransparent red, with broad apical black patches : primaries usually with the 



HISTKEA. 21 

apex white. Head, thorax, and sides of abdomen red j centre of abdomen and several lateral 
tufts on the last segments black ; several radiating brown-tipped terminal black tufts of long 
hairs. Body below, excepting the last two or three segments of venter and the tibiie and 
tarsi, red ; the end of the venter clothed with whitish hairs. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
G to 8 lines. 

North China {Cuming). 

The " bare shining spot " on the head, mentioned in Mr. Walker's description, is due to 
abrasion. 

HISTKEA, Walker. 
Histioea bellatrix, (Plate VIII. fig. 8.) 
Eucaromia (Histioea) bcllatrix, Walker, Cat. Lcp. Het. i. p. 217. n. 20 (1854). 

Primaries dark brown ; a subcostal streak to beyond the end of the cell ; an interno- 
median curved longitudinal streak to near external angle, and a slender abbreviated internal 
line all carmine ; a subquadrate spot in the cell and an oblique irregular narrow postmedian 
band ochreous ; two metallic-blue dots on the discocellulars and two at the base : secondaries 
black-brown; a yellow patch on the abdominal margin, continued as a broad irregular angu- 
lated discal carmine band to the costal nervure. Head and thorax black-brown ; frons and 
collar spotted with metallic blue ; the tegulae bright ochreous ; abdomen brown, basal seg- 
ments yellow, remaining segments with lateral metallic-blue dots. Primaries below with the 
intemo-median streak considerably widened : secondaries with the outer half of the discal 
band pale orange ; a blue spot at the end of the cell ; otherwise as above. Pectus and leg> 
black-brown, trochanters of front pair of legs ochreous ; venter ochreous, the last two seg- 
ments dark brown with lateral blue dots. Expanse of wings 2 inches G lines. 

Venezuela (Dyson). 

Histioea amazonica. (Plate XVIII. fig. 1.) 
Histioea amazonica, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. vol. xii. p. 362. n. 5 (1876). 

Allied to the preceding, but darker ; the primaries with more slender carmine streaks, 
postmedian oblique band broader, darker, and not irregular : secondaries with a narrow trifid 
oblique postmedian carmine fascia (no other markings). Body black-brown; head, collar, 
and sides of abdomen spotted with metallic blue. Wings below with similar differences to 
those of the preceding species. Expanse of wings 2 inches 5 to 10 lines. 

Ega and Villa Nova (Bates), East Peru (Degand). 

Histioea uranophila. (Plate XVIII. fig. 2.) 

Eucyaue uranophila, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. Swppl. v. p. 187-1 (1866). 

Primaries black-brown ; a subcostal metallic-green streak ; a green discocellular litura ; 
two oblique green-edged hyaline white bands, interrupted by black veins, at first and second 



22 ZYGMKWM. 

thirds of the wing : secondaries hyaline -white, with a broad black-brown outer border ; costal 
area pale greyish brown ; the veins and the borders of the hyaline area metallic green. Head 
and thorax black-brown ; the head, collar, and tegulse spotted with metallic green ; abdomen 
greyish brown with greenish reflections ; a dorsal metallic-green stripe, and green and whitish 
lateral stripes : coxa; and trochanters of first pair of legs white; tibise with a green stripe ; 
venter sordid white. Expanse of wings 2 inches 3 lines. 
St. Paulo {Bates). 

EUCHROMIA, Hiibner. 

Euchromia leonis. (Plate X. fig. 2.) 

Euchromia leonis, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soe., ZooT. vol. xii. p. 363. n. 4 (187G). 
Euchromia (Hira) interstans, var. fi, Walker, Cat. Lep. ILt. i. p. 221. n. 28 (1854). 

Smaller and more brightly coloured than E. interstans; the metallic spots all brilliant 
green, the yellow wing-spots more golden in tint: primaries with the basal yellow patch 
larger and more oblique ; postmedian quadrifid band rather narrower: basal yellow spot of 
secondaries more distinct. Expanse of wings 1 inch 9 lines. 

Sierra Leone [Foxcroft is; Morgan). 

Enchrornia semiltma. (Plate IX. fig. 8.) 
Euchromia (Frcgella) semiluna, Walker, Cat. Lep. Set. i. p. 272. n. 127 (1854). 

Wings black-brown : primaries with a creamy ochraccous spot at the base of the costa ; 
a semicircular band across the base, a nearly straight band across the middle, and an oblique 
subapical band orange : secondaries with the basal half of costal area and cell pale yellow ; 
base of interno-median area carmine ; two rounded orange spots just beyond the end of the 
cell. Body black ; head, collar, margin of tegula?, metathorax, anal segments, and pectus 
carmine ; segments of the abdomen with posterior blue edges ; collar spotted with lilac. Ex- 
panse of wings 1 inch 10 lines. 

//„/,. ? 

EURATA, Herrich-Schaffer. 

Eurata picta. (Plate XI. fig. 14.) 

Kurnta picta, Ih m'rli-SeliiiJpr, Avssl. Schmett. i. fig. 52. 

Eurota (tie) pictula, WaUeer, Cat. Lep. Set. i. p. 181. n. 72 (1854). 

Wings black : primaries with the base yellow ; a central bifid hyaline white band, and a 
second irregular hyaline band 1'rom subcostal ncrvure to outer margin, separated by the 
black ncrvures into five parts : secondaries with a trilid hyaline spot beyond the cell ; base 
canninc. Body black; collar oehrcous; abdomen broadly banded with creamy yellow, with 
the basal segments carmine at the sides; coxae red. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 

\ I'lic/.uela i linker). 



SYNTOMEIDA. — EUPYEA. 23 

SYNTOMEIDA, Harris. 

Syntomeida ferox. (Plate X. fig. 7.) 

Glaucopis euterpe. Herrich-Sehaffer, Aussl. Schmett. fig. 430. 

Euchromia (Hippola) ferox, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 223. n. 31 (1854). 

Primaries dark bronzy green, bluish towards apex ; two minute cream-coloured spots, 
separated by the third median branch : secondaries dark blue-green, with purple borders ; 
base of costal area cupreous; a hyaline white streak near abdominal margin. Body red ; the 
antennae, frons, crest, greater part of tegulae, three spots on metathorax, the ■.interior half 
and posterior margin of eacli of the abdominal segments, and the greater part of the pectus 
and legs, blue-black. Expanse of wings 1 inch 9 lines. 

United States. 

Syntomeida epilais. (Plate VIII. fig. 5.) 

Euchromia (Hira) epilais, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 227. n. 42 (1854). 

Primaries above dark green ; a rounded spot on interno-median area, a second, smaller, 
within the end of the cell, a third, small and bifid, beyond the end of the cell, a fourth, 
large, unequally bifid, cut by the third median branch, white : secondaries black-brown, paler 
towards the base, with a central white spot. Body dark blue-green; a spot on each shoulder, 
two spots at base of abdomen, two lateral abdominal spots, two lateral spots on basal 
segments of venter, the base of second pair of tarsi, the proximal two thirds of hind pair, and 
the coxae, white; two last segments of abdomen deep red. Expanse of wings 2 inches 1 line. 

Honduras {Dyson). 

Syntomeida? tina. (Plate VIII. fig. 9.) 

Euchromia (Tipulodes) tina, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 233. n. 51 (1854). 
Sphenoptera batesii, Felder, Reise der Nov. Lep. tab. cii. fig. 35 (1874). 

Black : primaries with a metallic green discoidal streak, a green dot at the base, and a 
broad postmediau orange band. Body darker than the wings. Head with a green spot oh 
the crest ; base of tegulae and a spot on each shoulder green ; metathorax with a central 
green spot ; abdomen with an interrupted green dorsal line, and lateral green bands ; venter 
with interrupted lateral green bands ; coxae green. Expanse of wings 1 inch 8 lines. 

Rio Grande. 

The abdomen of this species is more constricted than in the other species of Syntomeida, 
and the palpi are longer. 

EUPYRA, Herrich-Sehaffer. 

Eupyra ignita. (Plate X. fig. 8.) 

Eupyra ignita, Herrich-Sehaffer, Aussl. Schmett. i. pi. 13. fig. 55. 
Euchromia (Chrysocale) ignita, Waller, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 209. n. 5 (1854). 

Blue-black: primaries with a small hyaline discoidal spot, and a second larger spot just 



24 ZYG.ENID^. 

beyond the cell ; base golden green, becoming reddish towards costa ; disk golden green, 
becoming reddish cupreous at its lower extremity, divided from the basal area by a narrow 
black band ; a central subcostal green streak ; base with a few white hair-like scales ; antennae 
and prothorax greenish; abdomen with two whitish spots at the base, an ill-defined dorsal 
interrupted line of metallic green, and a confused lateral series of black and white tufts of 
hair. Wings below dull purplish black : primaries with hyaline spots as above ; basal area 
streaked with blue ; a large subapical golden-green patch : secondaries with the costa, in- 
ternal area, and a large subapical spot blue-green. Body below sprinkled with green and 
white scales. Expanse of wing 2 inches 2 lines. 
Bogota. 

Eupyra plebeia. (Plate X. fig. 5.) 

Eupyra plebeia, Herrich-Sehaffer, Aussl. Schmctt. i. pi. 13. fig. 56. 

Euchromiu (Chrysoeale) opulenta, Walker, Cat. Lep. Iht. i. p. 210. n. 6 (1S54). 

Primaries golden green, cupreous on the disk ; outer margin, an elongate spot in the 
cell, from which a perpendicular line runs to inner margin, black : secondaries blue-black, 
brown towards the base. Body as in the preceding species. Wings below golden green, the 
margins dark^brown ; secondaries with the discocellulars and a recurrent streak within the cell 
black. Expanse of wings 1 inch 10 lines to 2 inches 2 lines. 

Venezuela {Dyson). 

TRICHELA, Hvrrkh-Schaffer. 
Trichela tolumnensis. (Plate XIII. fig. 10.) 

Trichela tolumnensis, Herrich-Schaffi /•, Aussl. ScJimett. i. pi. 13. fig. 53. 
Kuchroruia (Enope) hirsuta, Walker, Cut. Lep. Het. i. p. 208. n. 4 (1854). 

Black. Wings greenish, with apical fringes white : primaries with a basal subcostal 
stramineous litura; a broad irregular hyaline yellow band, interrupted by the submedian and 
median nervures, the median branches, and radials : secondaries with the basicostal ana 
cream-coloured ; abdominal area brown, with a hyaline white submedian streak ; disk hyaline 
yellow, interrupted by the nervures. Body densely covered with hair; antennae white to- 
wards the tips ; legs varied with white. Expanse of wings 2 inches. 

Bogota? 

PSOLOPTERA, Butlt r. 

Psoloptera thoracica. (Plate VIII. fig. 0.) 

Euchromia (Autoehloris) fchorai tea, Walker, cm. /.,,,. Wet. i. p. 213. n. 7(i (1854). 
Psoloptera thoracica, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soe., /mil. vol. xii. p. 369. no. 1 (l^r,) 

Wings black with purple reflections; a white dot at base of primaries. Head brown, 



ICHORIA. — CALLICAEUS. 25 

white-spotted ; thorax carmine, with a white spot on each shoulder ; abdomen dull dark hlue 
brown (with two white spots) at the base ; legs brown, spotted with white. Expanse of wings 
1 inch 4 lines. 
Ega (Bates). 

ICHORIA, Butler. 

Ichoria quadrigutta. (Plate X. fig. 1.) 

Euchromia (Aclytia) quadrigutta, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 245. n. 78 (1854). 
Ichoria quadrigutta, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. xii. p. 370. n. 1 (1876). 

Black-hrown : primaries with a metallic-green spot at the base : secondaries with a 
hyaline white band from abdominal margin across the lower discocellular to the subcostal 
nervure ; crest, collar, and thorax spotted with metallic green ; a carmine spot on each 
shoulder ; abdomen spotted with metallic green at the sides, and with two carmine spots at 
the base ; below paler ; pectus spotted with green ; trochanters whitish ; venter spotted with 
green laterally. Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Mexico (Hartweg). 

MACROCNEME, Hiibner. 
Macrocneme auripes. (Plate VIII. fig. 4.) 
Euchromia (Macrocnome) auripes, Walker, Cat. Lep. Bet. i. p. 250. n. 87 (1854). 

Dark brown. Wings shot with purplish blue : primaries with the costal and subcostal 
veins sprinkled with green scales ; a green spot and two white dots at the base ; frons, crest, 
and back of eyes metallic green ; thorax with two central green spots, two white spots on the 
shoulders ; abdomen with dorsal and lateral green lines. Wings below brown, with broad 
subcostal green streaks. Legs streaked with green and white ; tarsi of hind pair golden 
vellow, black at base ; venter with broad basal plate banded with white externally. Expanse 
of wings 1 inch 6 lines. 

Honduras (Dyson) . 

CALLICARUS, Grole. 

Callicarus pluinipes. (Plate VIII. fig. 2.) 

Sphinx plumipes, Drury, 111. E.rot. Ent. ii. pi. xxvii. fig. 3. 

Aglaope plumipes, Weshvood, ed. Drury, I. c. 

Euchromia (Horamia) plumipes, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 252. n. 91 (1854). 

Wings brown : primaries with a white dot at the base. Head black, white-spotted ; 
collar and thorax bronzy brown, spotted with white ; abdomen brown, shot with blue and 
banded with white. Body below dark brown, spotted with silver; tibia; of hind legs white in 
the middle ; tarsi tipped with white ; the leg between the two white spots densely covered 
with long black-brown hairs. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5i lines. 

Honduras (Dyson). 

E 



26 ZYG-ENID^E. 

ORCYNIA, Walker. 
Oixynia calcarata. (Plate IX. fig. 11.) 
Euchrornia (Orcynia) calcarata, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 27-1. n. 130 (1854). 

Wings semitrausparent red-brown, black at the base. Body black ; antenna tawny ; 
thorax and head spotted with bright yellow j the basal segments of abdomen with large lateral 
vellow spots; anus bluish; pectus and venter spotted with yellow; coxa? and trochanters 
yellow ; tarsi below ferruginous, of hind legs with orange proximal half. Expanse of wings 
2 inches 5 lines. 

Santarem (Bates). 

This is the largest of the hornet-like species of Zygrenidfe. 



ISANTHRENE, Hubner. 
Isanthrene pornpiloides. (Plate XII. fig. 10.) 
Glaucopifl (Isanthrene) pornpiloides, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 156. n. 26 (1854). 

Wings testaceous hyaline ; veins, outer and inner margins, black : primaries with the 
black margin considerably widened at apex, and throwing oft* a denticle upon first median 
branch ; costal and interno-basal areas tawny hyaline. Body black ; antemne deep ochreous ; 
two ochreous spots on metathorax at base of abdomen ; trochanters and coxse spotted with 
white. Wings below much brighter in colour than above, the costs and most of the veins 
bright orange. Expanse of wings 2 inches 2 lines. 

Guatemala. 

HOMCE0CERA, Felder. 
Homoeocera scintillans. (Plate XII. fig. i.) 

Lsemocharis scintillans, Herrich-SeJuiffer, A us*. Schmett. i. fig. 244. 
I'u cfllosoma scintillans, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. vii. p. 1605 (1856). 
Glaucc-pie ( Poocilosoraa) flavitarsis, Walker, I. c. i. p. 153. n. 30 (1851). 

Wings testaceous hyaline; the veins, the inner margin, and an apical spot in primaries 
black ; base blue-spotted. Body black; the frons, margins of collar, two dots at the base of 
primaries, a longitudinal streak on teguhe, four spots on the thorax, seven narrow bands on 
the abdomen, the inferior margin of the palpi, coxse, and greater part of venter ochreous; a 
double series of spots down the body, from the head to the anus, and several spots on the legs 
metallic blue-green; inner surface of trochanters and femora of first pair of legs white. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 

Venezuela (Dyson). 



HOMCEOCERA. — SAROSA. 27 

Homoeocera geminifera. (Plate XII. fig. 12.) 

Gymnelia gemmifcra, Waller, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 152. n. 19 (1854). 
Homoeocera geminifera, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soc., Zool. xii. p. 376 (187'i). 

Wings testaceous hyaline, veins and margins black : primaries with the apex and 
internal area black ; a spot at end of cell and two dots at the base metallic green. Body 
black ; irons and back of head, two large spots on the collar, four small spots on the thorax, 
six broad abdominal bands (interrupted in the middle), some spots on the venter, and the knees 
of all the legs metallic green ; a streak on each tegula, some hairs on metathorax, a central 
series of abdominal spots, the coxae, trochanters, distal half of femora, and a streak on front 
tibia?, castaneous ; a band of golden hairs, edged externally by a silvery irregular line, across 
the venter. Expanse of wings 2 inches 1 line. 

Venezuela (Dyson). 

Homoeocera salvini. (Plate XVII. fig. 4.) 
Homoeocera salvini, Butler, Journ. Linn. Sue., Zool. xii. p. 376. n. 8 (1876). 

Wings testaceous hyaline, veins and margins black ; apex of primaries broadly black ; 
base black, spotted with metallic green. Body black, spotted and banded with bright metallic 
blue-green ; anus reddish orange ; anterior margin of the first two or three segments of 
abdomen narrowly testaceous ; coxae, trochanters, and the inner margin of femora of front 
legs snow-white ; front margins of the tibiae, and hind margins of the femora of second and 
third pairs metallic green ; tarsi brown ; venter with a broad semicircular basal white band ; 
lateral metallic green spots ; anus orange. Expanse of wings 1 inch 6 lines. 

Obispo, Panama (Sct/vin). 

This is the most brilliantly coloured of all the species in the genus. 



SAROSA, Walker. 
Sarosa sesiiforniis. (Plate XII. fig. 5.) 
Glaucopis (Sarosa) sesiiformis, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 151. n. 19 (1854). 

Wings pale testaceous hyaline, veins and margins dark brown : primaries with the apex 
broadly brown ; base brown, spotted with metallic blue-green ; secondaries with anal angle 
brown. Body black j the head, collar, and thorax spotted, the abdomen banded with ochra- 
ceous ; a spot on the frons, another on each shoulder, and two series on the abdomen metallic 
blue-green ; pectus brown ; legs spotted with blue-green, hind tarsi orange ; venter brown, 
banded with ochraceous and spotted with blue-green. Expanse of wings 1 inch G lines. 

Venezuela (Dyson). 



28 ZYGMXIVJE. 

ERRUCA, Walker. 
Errnca deyrolii. (Plate XII. fig. 6.) 
Laeniocharis deyrolii, Henich-Schaffer, Aitssl. Schmett. figs. 2-17, 251 a. 

Wings testaceous hyaline, veins and margins black : primaries sometimes with the apex 
black ; costal and interno-basal areas ochraccons. Body black-brown ; frons white-spotted ; 
a white dot on each shoulder ; abdomen with lateral series of white dots ; the fourth and 
following segments with a white spot on the centre of their hind borders : body below brown, 
venter with lateral series of white spots. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 

Rio Grande. 

MYRMECOPSIS, Newman. 

Myrmecopsis tarsalis. (Plate XIII. fig. 1.) 

Glaucopis (Pseudosphex) tarsalis, Walker, Cat. Lep. Bet. i. p. 196. n. 98 (1854). 
Myruiocopsis tarsalis, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soc., Zool. xii. p. 380. n. 1 (1870). 

Wings testaceous hyaline, with the veins and margins brown ; a broad olive-brown purple- 
shot costal streak, best marked on primaries ; discocellulars of primaries and a short dash on 
the middle of the costa blue. Body black ; palpi below and inner margins of trochanters and 
femora white ; tarsi testaceous. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 

Para (Bates). 

Like a Eumenes. 

Myrmecopsis semihyalina. (Plate XIII. fig. 9.) 

Glaucopis (Pseudosphex) semihyaliua, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 197. n. 99 (1854). 
Myrmecopsis semihyalina, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. xii. p. 3S0. n. 2 (1876). 
Pseudosphex vespiformis, HerrlaJi-Sehaffer, Aussl. Schmett. fig. 425. 

Wings pale testaceous hyaline, veins and marginal edges black : primaries with the basi- 
costal area (excepting a basal spot below the cell) broadly brown purple-shot; the middle of 
costa and the discocellulars blue ; secondaries brown to near the base, shot with dull blue 
on the outer margin. Body black ; abdomen bluish, with a minute blue dot on each side of 
the basal segment, the latter pinkish sericeous below; Irons and pectus bluish; tarsi sordid 
white at the base. Expanse of wings 1 inch 8 lines. 

Para (Bates). 

GYMNELIA, Walker. 

Gymnelia laemvus. (Plate XII. fig. 8.) 

Glaucopis (Gymnclia) lamnus, Walker, Cat. Lep. Set. i. p. 154. n. 21 (1S54). 

Wings hyaline white, veins and borders black : primaries with a short black bar upon 
the discocellulars ; secondaries with a black band from the costa, across the discocellulars, to 



GYMNELIA. — PSEUDOMTA. 29 

aual angle. Body black ; the vertex of the head, two central spots on the collar, and three or 
four lateral transverse streaks on the basal segments of the abdomen blue-green, the three 
terminal segments deep orange ; two lateral white spots on the collar : body below black ; 
anus orange, coxae white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 lines to 2 inches 1 line. 
Rio Janeiro, Brazil. 

Gymnelia coinpleta. (Plate XII. fig. 3.) 
Glaucopis (Gymuelia) completa, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 153. n. 20 (1854). 

Wings as in the preceding species, excepting that the transverse band of secondaries is 
wanting. Body black ; vertex of head, two central spots on the collar, and tliree series of 
spots, one central and two lateral, on the abdomen, green ; basal segment of abdomen cream- 
colour j remaining segments with lateral posterior red marginal lines ; anus red ; two lateral 
spots on the collar, the coxse, and an arched subbasal ventral band white ; middle of venter 
ochraceous, transversely banded with black. Expanse of wings 1 inch 6 lines. 

Para (/. P. G. Smith). 

L-EMOCHARIS, Herrich-Schaffer. 
Laeniocharis trigutta. (Plate VII. fig. 10.) 
Glaucopis (Pseudomya) trigutta, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 145. n. 9 (1854). 

Primaries hyaline white ; veins, margins, apex, base, and an ill-defined band across the 
middle of the wing brown : secondaries dark brown, with a subbasal hyaline spot. Body 
brown ; a large spot on each shoulder and two spots on metathorax carmine ; genitalia testa- 
ceous ; anterior trochanters white. Expanse of wings 10 lines. 

Bogota. 

THRINACIA, Butler. 

Thrinacia afflicta. (Plate VII. fig. 12.) 

Glaucopis (Pseudomya) afflicta, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 144. n. 6 (1854). 
Thrinacia afflicta, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soc., Zool. xii. p. 384. n. 1 (1870). 

Wings hyaline white, greyish externally ; the veins, margins, and the base of primaries 
black. Head and abdomen above black ; thorax orange : body below black ; trochanters 
whitish internally. Expanse of wings 10 to 11 lines. 

Para (Bates). 

PSEUDOMYA, Hiibner. 

Pseudomya tipulina. (Plate VII. fig. 7.) 

Glaucopis unieolor tipulina, Hiibner, Samml. e.vot. ScJimett. i. pi. 163. 
Pseudomya tipulina, Hiibner, Verz. bel: Schmett. p. 124. n. 1345 (1816). 
Glaucopis (Pseudomya) tibia, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 143. n. 5 (1854). 

Wings greyish hyaline ; the veins, margins, and the base of primaries black ; two or 



30 ZYGMSIV2E. 

three blue dots at the base. Body black; crest of head bluish; abdomen with a central grey 
stripe ; segments greyish on their posterior margins. Expanse of wings 10 lines. 
Para (Bates). 

Pseudoniya tenuis, u. sp. (Plate XVII. fig. 1.) 

Wings hyaline white, the veins and borders black. Body black ; a scarlet spot on each 
shoulder, and a second on each tegula ; pectus and venter brown ; trochanters and inferior 
margin of femora white. Expanse of wings 10 lines. 

Rapid of Porteira, Rio Trombetas, March 2nd, 1874 (./. W. H. Trail). 

PHEIA, Walker. 
Pheia albisigna. (Plate VII. fig. 14.) 
Glaucopis (Pheia) albisigna, Walker, Cat. Lep. Iht. i. p. 146. n. 10 (1854). 

Wings hyaline white, with the veins and borders black-brown : primaries with the apex, 
a »pot on the discoccllulars, and the base, black-brown ; a scarlet basal spot. Body dark 
brown ; two spots on the collar and one on each shoulder, scarlet ; a central white spot on the 
prothorax, an oblong spot on metathorax, and a large patch on the basal segments of the 
venter, cream-colour ; some lateral spots on the pectus, the trochanters, inferior margin of the 
femora, and a band towards the apex of the antenna?, white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
1 to 4 lines. 

Honduras (Miller), Ega (Bates). 

Pheia geimnata. (Plate XVII. fig. 5.) 
Pheia gemmatu, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. xii. p. 385. n. 2 ( 1 ST* • >. 

Wings hyaline white ; veins, apices, and borders black : primaries with a subcostal 
orange line and a bifid orange basi-internal patch : secondaries with ochraceous costal area. 
Body black ; frons, crest, a spot at base of primaries, a spot on metathorax, and a series of 
-puts on each side of the abdomen, blue-green; below dull black; trochanters and femora 
ochraceous; metathoracic portion of pectus and base of venter spotted with blue-green j two 
Lateral anal spots of the same colour; costae of wings below golden yellow. Expanse of wings 
I inch 5 lines. 

Sta. Martha (Bouchard). 

Pheia intensa. (Plate XII. fig. 11.) 

(ilaucitpis ( Pii-rilosomii) intensa. H'allrr, Cat. Lip. Iht. i. p. ]">!». n. 31 (1S54). 
Pheia intensa, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soc, Zoo!, xii. p. 386. n. 3 (187H). 

Wings testaceous hyaline, margins and veins black: primaries with the apex and base 
black ; secondaries with the apex and anal angle black. Body black ; vertex of head, two 



COSMOSOMA. 31 

spots on the collar, a streak on each tegula, a central spot on the prothorax, a series clown 
each side of the abdomen, and some lateral spots on the pectus, blue-green ; an orange spot 
on each shoulder ; two carmine spots on metathorax ; trochanters of front legs white ; centre 
of venter broadly white in front, dusky behind, the terminal segments orange at the sides. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 
Honduras {Dyson) . 

COSMOSOMA, Hiibncr. 

Cosmosoma panopes. (Plate XII. fig. 9.) 

La^mocharis panopes, Herricli-Schaffer, Auss. Schmett. fig. 243. 

Cosmosoma panopes, Butler, Journ. Linn. Sue., Zool. xii. p. 380. n. 1 (187«> ). 

Glaucopis (Poecilosorna) subflamma, Walker, Cat. Lep. Hit. i. p. 159. n. 32 (1854). 

Wings hyaline white ; veins, borders, and the apex of primaries black-brown. Body 
black ; frons, vertex of head, and a spot on each shoulder metallic blue ; pectus, trochanters, 
superior surface of femora, the proximal half of the tibiae, and the whole of the tarsi in the 
posterior legs scarlet. Expanse of wings 1 inch 9 lines. 

Brazil. 

Cosmosoma centralis. (Plate XI. fig. 9.) 

Glaucopis (Cosmosoma) centralis, Walker, Cat. Lep. Ilet. i. p. 171. n. 53 (1854). 
Cosmosoma ccntrale, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. xii. p. 387. n. 9 (1870). 

Wings hyaline white, with the veins and outer borders dark brown : primaries with the 
apex brown ; a transverse central brown band, in the middle of which is an orange spot ; 
interno-basal area of both wings orange. Body black -brown ; a small spot on the head, 
several on the thorax, and a series on each side of the abdomen, metallic blue ; tegulse and 
two spots at base of abdomen orange : body below brown ; pectus spotted with blue. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 2 lines. 

Rio Janeiro {Johnson). 

Cosmosoma teuthras. (Plate XIII. fig. 5.) 
Glaucopis (Cosmosoma) teuthras, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 108. n. 48 (1854). 

Wings hyaline white ; the veins, outer borders, and apices, dark brown : primaries with 
the costal and internal areas (to near apex and external angle), the base, and a large spot at 
the end of the cell, scarlet : secondaries with the base scarlet. Head black ; frons metallic 
green ; thorax scarlet ; a green dot on each shoulder : abdomen black, with three longitudinal 
series of metallic green spots, the central spots small and wide apart. Body below brown ; 
pectus, anterior trochanters, and sides of venter, green-spotted. Legs red-brown. Expanse 
of wings 1 inch 8 lines. 

Pernambuco {J. P. G. Smith) ; Venezuela {Dyson) . 



32 ZYGJE^IBM. 

ILIPA, Walker. 
Ilipa braconoides. (Plate XI. fig. 15.) 
Glaucopis (Ilipa) braconoides, Wall-tr, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 1G6. n. 44 (1854). 

Wings hyaline white, veins and margins dark brown : primaries with a large apical patch 
and a semicircular spot on discocellulars dark brown ; base dark brown, white-spotted. Head 
dark brown, white-spotted ; thorax dark brown; abdomen ochreous; anal segments and a 
series of five dorsal dots dark brown. Body below as above ; trochanters whitish. Expanse 
of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 

Honduras (Dyson). 

LEUCOTMEMIS, Butler. 

Leucotmemis latilinea. (Plate XI. fig. 10.) 

Glaucopis (Ilipa) latilinea, Walker, Cat. Lep. Hit. i. p. 167. n. 40 (1854). 

Wings hyaline white ; veins, borders, apex of primaries, and a band across the middle 
broadly black-brown ; a blue spot at base of primaries. Body black-brown ; a spot on each 
shoulder, the first three segments of abdomen, and the front of the fourth segment, ochreous ; 
a sulphur- yellow spot on each side of the fourth segment: body below black-brown ; coxae 
white ; trochanters cream-colour ; basal half of venter ochreous. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
4 lines. 

Amazons (Bates). 

The pattern of the wings in this species is similar to that of Dycladia ornatula 
of Walker. 

DYCLADIA, Fclder. 
Dycladia varipes. (Plate XL fig. 5.) 
Glaucopis (Phacusa) varipes, Walker, Cat. Lip. Iht. i. p. 175. n. 62 (1854). 

Wings testaceous hyaline: primaries with a central oblique black band from costa to 
external angle ; apex piceous : secondaries with the apex and outer margin black. Head 
and thorax black, crest and collar greyish white ; tegulse testaceous externally : abdomen 
scarlet, with two white spots at the base; last two segments black, with lateral white litura ; 
trochanters, front legs, and tarsi ol other legs oehraeeous j venter white, oehraccous behind, 
and scarlet at the sides. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Para (Bales). 

Dycladia picta. (Plate XI. fig. 4.) 

lilaucopis (Phacuea) picta, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 176. n. 64 (1S54). 

Wings hyaline white: primaries with the apex, external angle, and a discocellular spot 
black; centre of costa, veins of the discoidal cell, and the basal portion of the median branches 



DTCLADIA. 33 

black ; base, costa, and veins between the cell and the apical patch, the margin between the 
apical patch and external angle, and the basal two thirds of the inner margin ochreous : 
secondaries with the apex, outer margin, and a spot near the base, black j veins ochreous ; 
costa creamy white. Body reddish orange; head, a dorsal longitudinal stripe, upper margin 
of palpi, and the antennae, excepting near the tips, black : abdomen with two white spots at 
the base ; a central series of spots on the black stripe, and the last two segments grey ; frons 
white : body below ochreous ; anus black. Expanse of wings 11 lines. 
Para and Saiitarem (Bates). 

Dycladia bura. (Plate XL fig. 12.) 

Lremocharis bura, Her rich- ScMiffer, Auss. Schmett. i. fig. 239. 

Glaucopis (Phacusa) discifcra, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 178. n. 68 (1854). 

Wings hyaline white; veins, apices, borders, and a discocellular litura on primaries 
black-brown. Body greyish brown, with an orange stripe down each side ; collar orange ; 
head black, dotted with white : body below black ; head below, trochanters, and under 
surface of femora of front legs, white. Expanse of wings 10| lines. 

Para (J. P. G. Smith) . 

Dycladia rnilitaris, n. sp. (Plate XVI. fig. 1.) 

Primaries pale brown, subliyaline; the nervures, a broad nearly central transverse band, 
the apical area, and the fringe, sepia-brown : secondaries hyaline white ; the veins and a 
broad outer border black-brown. Head scarlet; the frons, antennae, and a line on the centre 
of the vertex, brown; thorax and abdomen brown, scarlet at the sides: body below brown, 
sides of pectus scarlet ; legs and a broad central longitudinal band on the venter creamy 
whitish. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Silves, Amazons; taken at ligbt, 19th April, 1874 (/. W. H. Trail). 

Dycladia dorsalis. (Plate XI. fig. 6.) 
Glaucopis (Phacusa) dorsalis. Walker, Cat. Lep. Set. i. p. 177. n. 65 (1854). 

Primaries black-brown ; a triangular patch towards the base and a spot beyond the 
middle (crossed by yellow veins) hyaline white: secondaries hyaline white; the base and 
veins ochreous ; costa pale brown ; a central litura and the outer border (widest at apex and 
anal angle) black. Body dark brown ; an orange stripe down each side ; base of all the wings 
below ochreous; pectus testaceous, anterior trochanters white, venter ochreous. In the 
female the legs are black, with the anterior tarsi testaceous below ; the venter with a black 
stripe on each side and a central black spot. Expanse of wings $ 9| lines, ? 10 lines. 

Santarem (Bates). 

Walker's description is taken from two male examples. 

F 



34 ZTG^NIDiE. 

Dycladia teda. (Plate XI. fig. 1.) 
Glaucopis (Phacusa) teda, Walker, Cat. Lcp. Set. i. p. 177. n. 67 (1854). 

Wings dark bronzy brown : primaries with a carmine spot at the base and above it a 
hyaline white dot ; a large hyaline white spot just before the middle, and a second beyond 
the end of the cell, both crossed by brown veins : secondaries with the disk hyaline white, 
crossed by brown veins. Body dark brown, two spots on the collar and the lateral margins 
of the abdominal segments carmine; a white spot on each side at the base of abdomen. 
Secondaries below carmine at base of costal area ; palpi at the base, a row of marginal ventral 
spots, and some hairs round the anus carmine ; trochanters, underside of anterior femora, and 
a longitudinal ventral stripe sordid white. Expanse of wings 11 to 11§ lines. 

Sta. Catharina (Becker). 

Dycladia lacteata, n. sp. (Plate XVII. fig. 3.) 

Wings cream-coloured, veins black : primaries with the base, costa, discoidal cell, outer 
margin, apical area, external angle, and a diffused streak uniting the latter to the end of the 
cell, brown; secondaries with the apex, outer margin, and anal angle, brown. Body dark 
brown ; a white dot behind each eye ; inner half of each tegula carmine ; a small basal spot 
on each side of the abdomen, and an elongate central spot, crossing the first four segments, 
cream-coloured. Wings below paler than above. Body brown ; pectus and a lateral row of 
ill-defined ventral dots creamy. Expanse of wings 11 lines. 

Rio Jutahi; taken 5th February, 1875 {J. W. H. Trail). 

MARISSA, Walker. 
Marissa columbina. (Plate XI. fig. 3.) 

Zygocna columbina, Fabrieius, Ent. Si/st. iii. p. 403. n. 57 (1793). 

Eunomia columbina, Hubner, Bxot. Schmett. Zutr. figs. 9, 10 (1806). 

Glaucopis (Marissa) columbina, Walker, Cat. Lep. Ilet. i. p. 174. n. 59 (1854). 

Glaucopis multidncta S , Walker, I.e. vii. p. 1600 (1856). 

'! $ Lajmocbaris fasciatella, Menetries, Enum. Gorp, Anim. pi. xiv. fig. 4 (1857). 

Wings hyaline white ; the veins, outer borders, and a discocellular spot on primaries 
dark brown ; a spot of carmine on the discocellular spot and a second near external angle. 
Body black, streaked and transversely striped with white; a spot on the head, three large 
sputs on basal segment of abdomen, a central stripe on the third segment, and lateral spots 
on the remainder, carmine ; second segment white, with a central black litura. Body below 
white, spotted with carmine; legs with the femora carmine in front, the tarsi black. Wings 
below with Bubapical squamosc carmine streak. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Haiti (Tweedie). 



MAEISSA. — HTDA. 35 

Marissa multicincta. (Plate XI. fig. 11.) 

Glaueopis (Poeeilosoma) multicincta $ , Walker, Cat. Lep. Set. i. p. 163. n. 40 (1854). 

Wings hyaline; tlie veins, borders, and a discocellular spot on primaries black-brown. 

Body brown, with two parallel longitudinal series of ill-defined greenish grey squamose spots ; 

collar and base of abdomen spotted with carmine, outer edge of tegulae, lateral abdominal 

series of spots, anal tuft, and three ventral stripes on the last segments, carmine ; hind margin 

of collar, inner edge of tegulae, and a series of transverse lines from the mesothorax to the 

anus, white; sides of pectus brown; trochanters within and femora and tibiae below white ; 

sides of trochanters metallic blue ; venter white, spotted at the sides with carmine and black ; 

a black spot in front of the three subterminal carmine stripes. Expanse of wings 1 inch 

o lines. 

Haiti {Cuming). 

HYSIA, Walker. 

Hysia inelaleiica. (Plate XI. fig. 2.) 

Glaueopis (Hysia) melaleuca, Walker, Cat. Lep. Set. i. p. 173. n. 58 (1854). 

Primaries hyaline white ; the veins, apex, and borders black : secondaries black, with a 
hyaline white streak below the cell and a spot in the cell. Body black ; head and thorax 
spotted with white ; abdomen greyish, with central and marginal sordid whitish longitudinal 
stripes : body below greyish brown ; trochanters, a basicentral stripe on the venter, and a 
spot at anus white. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Para (Bates). 

DESMIDOCNEMIS, Moeschler. 
Desmidocnemis platyleuca. (Plate XIII. fig. 2.) 
Glaueopis (Herea) platyleuca, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 198. n. 102 (1854). 

Wings hyaline white, veins and margins black : primaries with a few cream-coloured 
hairs at base of costal area ; secondaries with the costa snow-white. Body black ; anterior 
part of frons white ; crest and hind margin of head dotted with whitish ; anterior and inner 
margins of tegulse whitish ; abdomen with a whitish marginal line : body below white ; legs 
black above ; venter with a blackish marginal line. Expanse of wings 10| lines. 

Venezuela (Dyson). 

HYDA, Walker. 

Hyda xanthorhina. (Plate XI. fig. 8.) 

Eurata xanthorhina, Berrich-Schaffer, Anss. Schmett. i. fig. 226. 
Hyda xanthorhina, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. vii. p. 1616 (1856). 
Glaueopis (Hyda) basilutea, Walker, I.e. i. p. 182. n. 75 (1854). 

Wings hyaline white, the base broadly orange ; veins beyond the basal area, the margins, 

f2 



36 ZYQ&XIDM. 

a litura on the discocellulars, the apex of primaries, a basicostal spot, a transverse subbasal 
litura, and the anal angle of secondaries, black. Body sulphur-yellow ; the collar, tcgulae, 
and a subanal broad baud on the abdomen, orange ; antennae, a spot on the frons, and three 
rows on the abdomen, black ; pectus sulphur-yellow ; legs, excepting the coxae, trochanters, 
and underside of femora, black; venter yellow; a large patch at the base and the anus 
black; the anus spotted with blue. Expanse of wings 11 lines to 1 inch. 

Peinambuco (Smith), Santarem (Bates), Santa Martha (Bouchard), Pacho, New Granada. 

METHYSIA, Butler. 
Methysia notabilis. (Plate VII. fig. 11.) 
Glaucopis (Pseudomya) notabilis, Walker, Cat. Lep. Met. i. p. 144. n. 7 (1854). 

Primaries hyaline white ; veins, borders, and internal area black : secondaries with the 
costal half, excepting the fringe, silvery whitish ; abdominal half and fringe black : head and 
collar grey, black-spotted ; thorax orange ; abdomen brown ; pectus orange in front, brown 
behind ; legs brown, anterior pair white internally. Primaries below with white internal 
area; secondaries brown. Expanse of wings 11^ lines. 

Para (Bates). 

MALLODETA, Butler. 

Mallodeta aecyra. (Plate XIII. fig. 6.) 

Laemocharis oecyra, Herrich-Schaffer, Auss. Schmett. i. fig. 250. 
Glaucopis (Hyda) sortita, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 184. n. 77 (1854). 

Wings testaceous hyaline : primaries with the veins (excepting part of the median) and 
the margins black-browu ; outer border well marked, especially at apex ; a subcostal orange 
line; the median vein, excepting its extremities and the basal two fifths of its first branch, 
testaceous ; two intcrno-basal red streaks ; a white dot at base : secondaries with the veins 
and margins black; costal area ochreous. Body black; frons, a dot on each side of the 
collar, and three imperfect series on the abdomen, white : body below black, white-spotted. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch (J lines. 

Amazons (Bates). 

LAGARIA, Walker. 

Lagaria vulnerata. (Plate XII. fig. 2.) 

Lffimocharis vulnerata, Herrich-Schaffer, Auss. Schmett. i. fig. 238. 
Lagaria vulnerata, Walker, Cat. Lep. Hit. vii. p. 1007 (1856). 
Glaucopis (Lagaria) crythrarchos, Walki r, I.e. i. p. 164. n. 42 | L854). 

Wings hyaline white; veins, margins, apices, base of costa, and a discocellular spot in 
primaries, black-brown; interuo-basal areas vermilion; costa of secondaries white. Body 



SOIIASIURA— HYELA. 37 

dark brown ; a spot on each shoulder, a streak on each tegula, a tuft on each side of the basal 
abdominal segment, and two spots on the third segment, vermilion ; two white spots on the 
basal segment. Primaries below with the interno-basal area white; a vermilion patch at the 
base of interno-mediau interspace : secondaries with the base of costal area vermilion ; the 
proximal ends of the second and third pairs of tibiee and a row of marginal spots on each side 
of the venter white. Expanse of wings 2 inches. 
Brazil [Low). 

SCHASIURA, n. gen. 

Resembles Gymnelia, excepting that the primaries are slightly longer and the body is 
more slender. 

Third median branch of primaries and the lower radial nervure running close together at 
their origins (not emitted from a footstalk) ; discocellulars of secondaries transverse, feebly 
arched ; three median branches, the second and third emitted together at the end of the 
discoidal cell. Type S. mimica, u. sp. 



Schasiura mimica, n. sp. (Plate XVI. fig. 6.) 

Wings hyaline white, with black veins and borders; primaries with a short black bar 
upon the discocellulars. Body black; the irons, a spot on each shoulder, a spot on the 
centre of the prothorax, another on metathorax, one on each side of the basal segment of 
abdomen, one (in the shape of an I) in the middle, and the collar and coxre below snow-white; 
subtcrminal segment carmine at the sides and in the centre; terminal segment wholly 
carmine. Expanse of wings 1 inch 10 lines. 

Barreiras das Araras, Rio Solimoes, taken by sweeping amongst maize, January 16, 187 1 
{J. IF. H. Trail). 

HYELA, Walker. 
Hyela sanguiuea. (Plate XI. fig. 13.) 
Glaucopis (Hyela) sanguinea, Walker, Oat. Lep. Het. i. p. 172. u. 55 (1854). 

Wings hyaline white; the veins, borders, and a black discocellular spot in primaries 
black-brown. Body bronze-brown; head shot with blue, collar with green; back of collar, 
tegulse, two parallel abdominal stripes, and the anal tuft, vermilion ; basal segment of abdomen 
with three blue spots; pectus and part of legs black, the sides of pectus speckled with blue, 
the coxse pale red ; trochanters, under margin of front femora, hind tarsi, and collar, cream- 
colour ; venter brown, irroratcd with red, the base covered by a white-edged red plate ; anal 
tuft vermilion. Expanse of wings 1 inch 2 lines. 

Hub. ? 



38 ZYGJENID^E. 

Hyela astrifera, n. sp. (Plate XVII. fig. 2.) 

Wings hyaline white ; veins and borders black-brown ; primaries with a black spot at end 
of cell. Body black ; head metallic green ; centre of prothorax, a row of indistinct dots down 
the centre of abdomen, and two lateral basal dots, dull metallic green ; back of collar, inner 
margin of tegulse, sides of metathorax, lateral tapering abdominal streaks, and the anal tuft 
carmine ; anterior trochanters and hind tarsi white ; trochanters of second and third pairs of 
legs and the coxpc rose-red; anus red. Expanse of wings 1 inch 2 lines. 

Braga, Rio Javary ; taken December 7, 1874 (/. W. H. Trail) . 

Hyela stipata. (Plate XIII. fig. 8.) 
Glaucopis (Hyda) stipata, Walker, Cat.Lep. Ret. i. p. 184. n. 7S (1854). 

Wings hyaline white; veins, borders, apex, and a discoccllular litura in primaries, black. 
Body black, with a greenish gloss ; head and collar spotted with white ; tegulse and centre of 
thorax streaked with sordid whitish; abdomen with three rows of testaceous spots, the lateral 
series interspersed with carmine dots ; anal tuft carmine ; pectus and legs white, varied with 
brown ; venter cream-colour, with central series of triangular black spots ; lateral series of 
red spots, and reddish hairs round the anus. Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Para (Bates) . 

EUNOMIA, Htibner. 

Eunoniia andromacha. (Plate XIII. fig. 3.) 

Sphinx andromacha, Fabricius, Sp. Ins. ii. p. 161. n. 20 (1781). 

Eunomia andromacha, Riibner, Verz.bek. Schmett. p. 125. n. 1357 (1810). 

Glaucopis (Diaia) iinalis, Walter, Cat. Lep. Ret. i. p. 100. a. S8 (1854). 

Wings hyaline white; veins, bases, borders, and a discoccllular litura in primaries, black. 
Body black; a spot on each shoulder white; a streak on inner margin of tcguhe metallic 
greenish blue; anal segment and tuft deep orange; palpi below, trochanters, and base of 
venter snow-white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 2 to 4 lines. 

Para (Ihilrs), Venezuela (Dyson). 

TRICHURA, Buhner. 
Trichura latifascia. (Plate XI. fig. 7.) 
Glaucopis (Trichura) latifascia, Walker, Cat. Lcp. Wet. i. p. 103. n. 01 ( 1851). 

Wings hyaline white; veins, borders, and a bar on discoccllulars of primaries, black. 
Body greenish black; head, collar, and thorax spotted with metallic blue-green: body below 
purplish ; pectus spotted at the sides with green ; palpi below, coxae, and trochanters, white; 
femora with purplish or green streaks; base of venter white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 to 
1 lines. 

I'ara (Bates). 



TEICIIURA.— MALLOSTETHUS. 39 

Trichura esmeralda. (Plate XIII. fig. 11.) 
Glaucopis (Trichura) esmeralda, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 104. n. 93 (1854). 

Wings hyaline white; veins, margins, a disco-cellular litura on primaries, and the apex of 
secondaries, black ; base, veins at base, and basal half of inner margin of primaries, ochreous. 
Body black-brown, spotted with metallic green; base of abdomen white at the sides: body 
below brown, pectus spotted with green; front and bind trochanters, base of venter, and two 
lateral subbasal spots, white; femora streaked with blue. Expanse of wings 1 inch G lines. 

Honduras {Dyson). 

HEREA, Walker. 
Herea metaxanthus. (Plate XII. fig. 7.) 
Glaucopis (Herea) metaxanthus, Walker, Cat. Lep. Hot. i. p. 198. n. 100(1854). 

Wings hyaline white ; the veins and margins black : head and thorax black ; abdomen 
orange ; the base, anus, and a longitudinal dorsal line, black ; scape of antennae white ; venter 
ochreous; preanal segment cream-colour ; anal segment cream-colour in front, black behind. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Para (Bates). 

Herea ruficeps. (Plate XIII. fig. 4.) 

Glaucopis (Herea) ruficeps, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 19S. n. 101 (1S54). 
Herea ruficeps, Walker, I. c. vii. p. 1620 (1856). 

Wings hyaline white; the veins, margins, and generally a discocellular line in primaries, 
black. Body bronzy brown ; head and collar rust-red : body below dark brown ; hinder 
portion of metathorax and base of abdomen white. Expanse of wings 11 to 12 lines. 

Para, and Tapajos [not Santarcm] (Bates). 

The example from Tapajos is the one figured. 



MALLOSTETHUS, Butler. 
Mallostethus metainelas. (Plate VII. fig. 10.) 
Glaucopis (Pseudorcya) metamelas, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 145. n. 8 (1854). 

Primaries blackish subhyaline ; the base, internal area, margins, and veins, black : secon- 
daries hyaline white; the veins, borders, and internal area, black. Head and thorax deep 
ochreous; abdomen black: body below black; collar deep ochreous; anterior trochanters 
spotted with sordid white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Para. (Grahame and Bates). 



40 ZYGJ^NIDtE. 

PROCALYPTA, Butler. 
Procalypta subcyanea. (Plate VIII. fig. 11.) 
Euchroniia (Endera) 6iibcynnra, Walker, Cat. Lep. Bet. i. p. 230. n. 48 (1S54). 

Dark purplish brown : primaries with three large hyaline spots, one (with opaque lower 
border) on interno-mcdian area, the second towards the end of the cell, the third bifid, beyond 
the cell : secondaries with the costal area shining green, changing in some lights to opaline ; 
three small hy r aline white spots in an oblique series : antenna: and head black ; collar black, 
with a white spot on each side ; thorax with a white spot on each shoulder ; tegulae black, 
with a white spot near the base ; abdomen blue at the sides. Interno-basal half of primaries 
below and three submarginal squamosc spots blue-green ; inner margin pearly white : secon- 
daries brilliant ultramarine, with a black patch running obliquely from the end of the cell to 
the costa near apex : the wings in other respects as above : anterior trochanters snow-white ; 
femora and tibia: streaked with blue and white. Expanse of wings 2 inches 1 line. 

Mexico (Hartweg). 

CERAMIDIA, Butler. 
Ceramidia obscura, n. sp. (Plate XVI. fig. 5.) 

Above dark olive-brown : primaries with bronze reflections ; a metallic bronzy streak at 
base of costal area : secondaries with the costal area dull brown ; two metallic green dots 
between the eyes ; collar red at the sides ; metathorax with a central metallic bronze streak ; 
basal segments of abdomen with an ill-defined central line and interrupted lateral streaks of 
metallic bronze. Wings below bronzy green ; primaries with internal area brown : collar 
scarlet at the sides ; trochanters sordid white, front pair with a central elongate blackish 
spot ; venter sordid white in the centre, brown at the sides. Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Forest near Sobral, Rio Purus, 17th September, 1874 (J. IV. H. Trail). 

ANTICHLORIS, Hdlmer. 
Antickloris antliracina. (Plate IX. fig. 7.) 
Euchromia (Anyclcs) anthracina, WaVcer, Cat. Lep. Set. i. p. 253. n. 93 (1851). 

Wings above dark piccous : primaries with the apex broadly hyaline; secondaries with 
the costal area broadly whitish sericeous. Body black; pectinated portion of antennas 
purplish. Wings below paler than above: primaries with a curved white suhmedian streak: 
secondaries with the costal area black; a white interno-basal streak. Body below dark 
brown; collar with a lateral carmine dot; anterior trochanters and tarsi whitish; base of 
venter covered by a silver transverse spot. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 

Venezuela. 



ACLTTIA.— CIIAKIDEA. 41 

ARCTIID^. 

ACLYTIA, Hubner. 
Aclytia halys. (Plate X. fig. 6.) 

Sphinx halys, Cramer, Pap. Exot. iv. p. 129, pi. 357. fig. C (1784). 
Aclytia halys, Hulner,Verz. bek. Schnett. p. 123. n. 1337 (1816). 
Aclytia heher, var., £ , Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. vii. p. 1631 (1856). 

Primaries olive-brown j a narrow, slightly oblique postmedian band : secondaries hyaline 
white, the veins and borders black. Head black ; margins of frons and two spots behind the 
eyes ochreous ; collar black, the anterior and lateral margins ochreous ; thorax and base of 
abdomen dark brown, remainder of abdomen blue, with purplish reflections. Primaries below 
with white inner margin. Body dark brown ; palpi below orange ; upper surface of tro- 
chanters and a median stripe on the venter bright ochreous ; coxae white. Expanse of wings 
1 inch 3 lines. 

Santarem (Bates). 

Aclytia flavigutta. (Plate VIII. fig. 3.) 
Euchromia (Aclytia) flavigutta, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 246. n. 79 (1854). 

Nearly allied to the preceding species, but the transverse band of primaries reduced to a 
small spot at end of cell. Body dark brown; two dots behind the eyes and the lateral 
margins of the collar ochreous ; abdomen broadly metallic green at the sides ; trochanters 
and ventral stripe white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 

Brazil. 

The colouring of the abdomen alone readily distinguishes this species from A. halys. In 
A.heber, which comes nearer to A. flavigutta, the head and collar are spotted with white, and 
the trochanters and ventral stripe are of a purer white colour ; the secondaries also have a 
narrower black border. 

CHARIDEA, Batman. 

Charidea snbmacula. (Plate XIII. fig. 7.) 

Euchromia (Automolis) submacula, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 214. n. 13 (1854). 

Dark brown : primaries with a carmine basicostal streak, below which is a metallic 
green streak, base and inner margin streaked with green ; a rather broad interno-median 
carmine streak, yellowish on its lower edge ; a subapical ochreous band, becoming red at each 
extremity : secondaries shot with blue at the base ; two ill-defined carmine spots beyond the 
middle. Body spotted and banded with metallic green. Wings below dark brown : primaries 
with a broad interno-median carmine patch, yellowish on its lower edge ; subapical band as 
above : secondaries with the interno-basal area brilliantly shot with metallic green ; three 

G 



42 AKCTIID.E. 

bright carmine spots. Body brown, spotted and banded with green ; legs white internally 
(excepting the tarsi), brown irrorated with green externally. Expanse of wings 1 inch 9 lines 
to 2 inches 1 line. 

Venezuela {Dyson). 

Mr. Meldola lias received this species from Trinidad. 

Charidea arrogans. (Plate XIII. fig. 12.) 
Euchromia (Autoniolis) arrogans, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 214. n. 14 (1854). 

Black : primaries streaked with metallic green ; an elongated basimedian spot, a quad- 
rate spot in the cell, and an oblique subapical band darker or paler ochreous : secondaries 
feebly shot with dark blue ; a broad carmine outer border, not reaching the costa or anal 
angle. Body spotted and banded with green. Below nearly as above, but the median spot 
near the base of primaries obsolete. Expanse of wings 1 inch 10 lines. 

Venezuela [Becker), Veragua (Salvin). 

Charidea alonzo. (Plate X. fig. 11.) 

Charidea alonzo, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soc., Zool. xii. p. 415. n. 4 (1876). 
Euchromia fastuosa, var., Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 215 (1S54). 

Primaries dark brown, base streaked with metallic green ; a subbasal spot, a spot in the 
cell, and a narrow subapical stripe, carmine : secondaries black, shot with blue ; a broad carmine 
border, not reaching the costa or the anal angle. Head and collar metallic green, with black 
margins ; tegulas green internally, brown externally ; thorax brown, with a dot on each 
shoulder and a central stripe, green ; abdomen almost wholly green, with ultramarine reflec- 
tions. Primaries below dark brown, shot with blue and streaked with green at the base ; a 
quadrate spot in the cell and a rather broad subapical band, lake-red : secondaries with 
interno-basal area shot with green; outer border as above. Body golden green; legs brown 
internally, tarsi brown. Expanse of wings 1 inch 9 lines. 

Venezuela (Dyson) . 

Quite distinct from ('. fastuosa. 

Charidea hurania. (Plate XVIII. fig. 8.) 

Charidea hurama, Butler, Joum. Linn. Soc., Zool. xii. p. 41(>. n. 11 (187'i). 

Primaries dark brown, streaked with green at the base; an elongate interno-basal spot, 
an elongate discoida! Bpot (only separated from the first by the median vein), and an oblique 
trilid subapical band or Bpot, fleshy pink: secondaries black, shot with ultramarine; fringe 
ochraceous. Head and thorax brown, spotted and striped with green; abdomen green, 
banded with brown. Wings below Dearly as above, but the discoidal and interno-basal spots 



CHAKIDEA— METEIOPHTLA. 43 

coalescent, dull rose-red, the subapical spot redder ; bases of all the wings metallic green : 
body brown, green-spotted. Expanse of wings 1 inch 9 lines. 
Ecuador (Buckley). 

Charidea gloriosa. (Plate X. fig. 10.) 

Euchromia (Automolis) gloriosa, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 215. n. 16 (1854). 

Wings black : primaries with a median streak and an oval oblique spot crossing the second 
median branch, carmine; base, two internal stripes, and two subcostal dots beyond the cell 
metallic green : basal half of secondaries shot with blue, and reflecting greenish metallic 
streaks. Body blue-green, varied with brown. "Wings below much as above, but brilliantly 
shot (to beyond the middle) with blue and golden green : primaries with the median streak 
considerably broader, and not reaching the base : anterior legs white internally. Expanse of 
wings 1 inch 6 to 7 lines. 
Guatemala (Salle). 

METRIOPHYLA, n. gen. 

Nearly allied to Heliura, but the sexes alike : the secondaries more truncate than in 
Heliura $ , the first subcostal more pronounced, upper discocellular less inarched and 
slanting forwards ; the second and third median branches emitted from a short footstalk. 
Type M. apicalis. 

Metriopkyla apicalis. (Plate VIII. fig. 7.) 

Charidea apicalis, Herrlch-Scluiffer, Auss. Schmett. i. fig. 236. 
Histioca apicalis, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. vii. p. 1624 (1856). 
Heliura apicalis, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soe. p. 417, pi. 29. fig. 9 (1876). 
Euchromia albiplaga, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 218. n. 21 (1854). 

Black-brown : wings with white apical spots : primaries with a short costal streak, a long 
internal streak, and a spot in the cell, metallic green. Head spotted with green ; collar, 
margius of tegulae, a central thoracic line, and three rows of spots on the abdomen, metallic 
green ; a white spot on each shoulder ; antenna? steel-blue above. Primaries below with a 
basal streak, a large spot in the cell, and two spots beyond it, metallic green : secondaries 
with the base of costal area, the lower half of the cell, a streak below it, two abdominal streaks, 
and two subapical spots, metallic green ; apical white spot larger than above ; fringe white ; 
coxae and femora below metallic green ; sides of venter spotted with green ; palpi below, tro- 
chanters, superior surface of tibia?, and a central longitudinal ventral streak, white. Expanse 
of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 

Venezuela (Dyson), Veragua (Salvin). 

Sphinx porphyria of Cramer, and Dioplis glaucopoides of Walker, may be referred to the 
above genus, unless it be considered preferable (on account of their broader wings) to retain 
Walker's name Erchia for them. 

g2 



44 ARCTIID.E. 



HELIURA, Butler. 

Heliura solicauda. (Plate IX. fig. 4.) 

Heliura solicauda, Butler, Jburn. Linn. Soc, Zool. xii. p. 418. n. S (1876). 
Euchromia (Eucereeon) tetragramma, var. j3, Walker, Cat. Leji. Het. i. p. 2G8 (1S54). 

Wings pearly white : primaries black-spotted at the base, an irregular central black 
band, made up of congregated black spots ; the apex black ; veins of the male testaceous, 
reddish in part, of the female cream-colour ; the outer margin and an apical submarginal 
transverse line, whitish : secondaries with the veins and outer border black in the male, brown 
in the female. Head and thorax coloured like the primaries ; abdomen scarlet, basal seg- 
ments in the male pink at the sides ; anus black. Wings below black -brown, leaving the 
pearly areas as above ; pectus brown ; trochanters and femora ochraceous, tinted with pink ; 
venter rose-red, with a black line on each side. Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Honduras (Dyson). 



Heliura gnouia, n. sp. (Plate XVI. fig. 2.) 

Primaries blackish brown, veins slightly paler : secondai'ies hyaline white ; the veins and 
a broad outer border black, shot with blue ; abdominal margin with a broad sandy whitish 
brush of hairs. Body black-brown ; frons white-spotted ; back of head and collar spotted 
with scarlet ; proximal half of abdomen almost covered by a large metallic green patch. 
Body below brown ; head whitish ; trochanters of first pair of legs, sides of femora and tibiae, 
and a large basal patch on the venter, white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 2 lines. 

Rio Padaniry (an affluent of the Rio Negro), under the equator, taken 26th June, 1874 
{J. IV. H. Trail). 

Heliura lamia, u. sp. (Plate XVI. fig. 3.) 

Primaries of male smoky brown, of female olive-brown : secondaries hyaline white ; the 
veins and a broad outer border black-brown ; abdominal margin of the male with a slender 
Bandy whitish brush of hairs. Body brown, darkest in the male; frons white-spotted; back 
of head and collar spotted with scarlet ; abdomen, excepting the base and anus, metallic green. 
Body below brown ; head whitish ; trochanters of first pair of legs scarlet ; underside of 
femora and tibite and an interrupted stripe on each side of the venter, white. Expanse of 
wings 6 1 inch 1 lines, 2 1 hich 3 lines. 

S . Rio Mauhcs, 5° 30' S., 29th April, 1874 ; ? . Tauaria, Rio Purus, 1st October, 187 1, 
./. //'. II. Trail). 

The female is represented on the Plate. 



TELIONEUEA. — AUTOMOLIS. 45 

TELIONEURA, Felder. 

Telioneura brevipemris, n. sp. (Plate XVI. fig. 9.) 

cj. Wings as in T. subplena, but shorter; the anal angle of secondaries covered with 
elongated creamy whitish scales. Body black-brown ; two orange spots on the collar ; 
anal tuft, underside of legs, trochanters of first pair, a broad central longitudinal stripe on 
the venter, and the inner half of secondaries below, creamy whitish ; teguloe margined with 
testaceous. Expanse of wings 11 lines. 

Guajaratuba, Eio Purus, 11th of September, 1874 (/. W. H. Trail). 

ACRIDOPSIS, Butler. 

Acridopsis marica. (Plate IX. fig. 6.) 

Sphinx marica, Cramer, Pap. Exot. i. p. 31, pi. 20. figs. E, G (1779). 

Eucereon marica, Hdbner, Verz. bek. Schmett. p. 123. no. 1335 (1816). 

Euchromia (Eucereeon) grylloides (pt.), Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 271. n. 125 (1854). 

Primaries greenish subhyaline, the borders, a spot in the cell, an interuo-median longi- 
tudinal line near the base, an irregular broad transverse band beyond the middle, and a large 
subapical spot, crossing the costal, subcostal, and upper radial nervures, black ; veins and 
several costal spots ochreous : secondaries greenish subhyaline ; the veins, costa, apex, and 
outer border, black. Body brown ; two spots on the frons, the margins of the collar, tegulre, 
and metathorax, ochreous. Wings below brown, with the subhyaline areas white. Body 
below brown ; centre of pectus sandy whitish ; trochanters dull orange. Expanse of wings 
1 inch 6 lines. 

Para (Grahame). 

The second specimen referred to E. grylloides by Mr. Walker is very distinct. 

AUTOMOLIS, Walker. 

Autoinolis contraria. (Plate IX. fig. 9.) 

Euchromia (Dipsenaa) contraria, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 259. n. 104 (1854). 
Automolis contraria, Butler, Joum. Linn. Soc, Zool. xii. p. 421. n. 8 (1870). 

Primaries above bright orange ; a large black-brown apical spot, enclosing an oblicpie 
white spot ; outer border greyish brown ; fringe pale ochreous : secondaries sordid pale 
ochreous ; anal angle and a tapering outer border daidt brown. Head black ; frons and 
vertex spotted with shining opaline ; two whitish spots on the crest ; collar and thorax bright 
orange, with a central longitudinal black line ; abdomen black, clothed at base with ochreous 
hairs ; three series of silvery green spots, the central series restricted to the anal half. Wings 
below paler than above ; apical veins of primaries white. Body below cream-colour, banded 



46 ARCTIID.E. 

with black; venter with lateral marginal series of silvery green spots. Expanse of wings 
1 inch 6 lines. 
Ega (Bates). 

Automolis zenzeroides, n. sp. (Plate XVI. fig. 8.) 

General aspect of A. contrariu. Above ochre-yellow : primaries with an elongate basi- 
costal blackish spot crossed by white nervures ; apex and outer margin to second median 
branch blackish brown ; two subapical white spots : secondaries with a rather narrow brown 
outer border, tapering from anal angle to subcostal ncrvure ; frons whitish; vertex of head 
and collar black-spotted ; anal half of abdomen black, with dorsal and lateral series of 
metallic blue spots. Body below whitish testaceous ; trochanters of last pair of legs with a 
few metallic blue scales. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 

Near Porto Salvo, Rio Purus, taken 3rd October, 1874 (J. JV. H. Trail). 

Automolis fulgurata. (Plate XVIII. fig. 5.) 
Automolis fulgurata, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. xii. p. 420. n. 3 (1S76). 

\\ "ings above dark brown : primaries with a central longitudinal broad orange streak : 
secondaries with a broad costal orange streak. Head black, spotted with metallic blue and 
orange ; collar black, with lateral orange bands ; thorax and base of abdomen dark brown ; 
tegulffi orange; abdomen, excepting at the base, blue-black, with three incomplete series of 
silvery greenish spots; trochanters spotted with green and orange; venter dull black, with 
lateral series of blue-green dots ; basal segments with orange spots on each side. Expanse 
of wings 1 inch 10 lines. 

Espiritu Santo. (The collection of which this insect formed part was purchased of a 
dealer who unfortunately could not supply more definite information as regards the habitat.: 

Automolis ameoides. (Plate XVIII. fig. 4.) 
Lutomolia ameoides, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. xii. p. 421. n. 10 (1876). 

Primaries golden yellow; the outer border, a central oblique band from costa to ex- 
t (i mil angle, and the internal border, excepting at the base, greyish brown, with darker 
edging : secondaries deeper yellow, with a rather broad, external and abdominal, dark brown 
border. ISody the same colour as the secondaries : head black, spotted with greenish blue; 
collar and thorax with a central dark brown longitudinal streak; metathorax with a central 
metallic greenish bine spot; abdomen with its outer two thirds black, with three series of 
greenish-blue spots; base brown; yellow" area with a central black spot, and two black- 

I blue spots on each side. Wings below more uniform than above ; primaries with the 
band and border dark brown; pectus brown, streaked with green ; trochanters spotted with 
green and ochrcous; venter ochrcous, banded witb dull black, and spotted with green at the 
>ides ; anus black. Expanse of wings •> inches 2 lines. 

Ecuador [Buckley). 



PIONIA. — EHIP1IA. 47 

PIONIA, Walker. 
Pionia lycoides. (Plate VIII. fig. 10.) 
Euchromia (Pionia) lycoides, Wallcer, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 25G. n. 07 (1854), 

Primaries black, the base and a broad irregular band beyond the middle ochreous : 
secondaries greyish hyaline, with the veins and diffused borders dark brown ; two oblong 
ocbreous costal spots. Body black, ochreous at the sides ; basal half of palpi, coxae, distal half 
of trochanters, basal half of venter, and a central streak connected therewith, ochreous ; joints 
of palpi and legs whitish. Expanse of wings 1 inch 10 lines. 

Venezuela {Dyson); Eio Janeiro. 

P0MP0ST0LA, Hilbner. 
Poinpostola vicaria. (Plate X. fig. 4.) 
Euchromia (Poinpostola) vicaria, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 207. n. 2 (1854). 

Wings purplish brown : primaries with an interno-mediau cuneiform patch towards the 
base, and a postmedian spot, deep orange ; base of costa green : secondaries with the basal 
area orange. Body black -brown ; frons, collar, teguke, and a central spot on prothorax, 
glittering metallic blue-green ; middle of meso- and metathorax and front margins of the 
abdominal segments, golden green ; body below purplish black, sides of pectus metallic green ; 
trochanters and a spot on the hind tibiae white; upper margins of second and third femora 
and underside of the tibiae, testaceous. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 

Ashanti; Sierra Leone {Foxcroft). 

RHIPHA, Walker. 
Rkipha strigosa. (Plate IX. fig. 12.) 
Euchromia (Rhipha) strigosa, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 273. n. 128 (1854). 

Black : wings blue-black : primaries with the nervures at the base, a longitudinal streak 
in the cell, and five parallel streaks (the first and fifth broad and wedge-shaped) from the 
upper radial nervure to the inner margin : secondaries with the central area greyish. Head and 
collar spotted with white; tegulse white, with black margins ; metathorax with a central white 
spot ; abdomen with four golden-yellow spots on each side. Wings below blue-black, nervures 
and fringe brown : primaries with all the white streaks, excepting the uppermost on the disk, 
obsolete : secondaries with a trifid white streak below the cell : palpi fringed with white at the 
base ; legs white below the knees ; anterior trochanters orange ; venter ochreous, black at the 
sides. Expanse of wings 1 inch 9 lines. 

Rio Janeiro. 

Eucyrta subulifera of Felder seems to be a variety of this species, in which the white 
patch on the under surface of secondaries appears above. 



48 ARCTIIDjE. 

EPANYCLES, Butler. 
Epanycles stellifera, n. sp. (Plate XVI. fig. 10.) 

Primaries black, with green reflections ; a bronze spot at apex (postmedian area sub- 
hyaline*) ; a submarginal irregular series of white-edged black spots ; white dots are also 
scattered here and there over the wing, but are most numerous towards the base : secondaries 
greyish white, subhyaline, with broad diffused grey border. Body black ; lveadand prothorax 
spotted, tegulre speckled, with white; collar dull red; abdomen blue-shot, with the last four 
segments metallic green : wings and body below brownish grey : legs spotted with white. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Rio Jutahi; taken February 5, 1875 [J. W. H. Trail). 



ANDROCHARTA, Felder. 
Androcharta diversipennis. (Plate X. fig. 9.) 
Euchromia (Hippola) diversipennis, Walker, Cat. Lep. Ed. i. p. 225. n. 34 (1854). 

Primaries black-brown ; costa and base streaked with scarlet ; a small cuneiform spot in 
the cell, a trifid pyriform discal spot, and a small subcostal dot above the latter, hyaline 
white ; two basal dots, and two more at end of cell, metallic green : secondaries snow-white, 
with brown costal area. Body dark brown ; head, collar, tegular, and sides of abdomen, spotted 
with green ; base of abdomen spotted in the middle with scarlet, at the sides with sordid 
white. Primaries below paler than above, basal scarlet streaks and discoidal metallic spots 
' ibsolete : secondaries brown, streaked with green at the base ; a white submedian spot across 
the submedian and internal nervures. Body below dark brown, spotted with green on the 
borders; anterior trochanters almost wholly white; venter with lateral red spots at the base. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 10 lines. 

Tapajos (Bates). 

Androcharta stretchii. (Plate XVII I. fig. 7.) 
Androcharta stretchii, Butler, Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. xii. p. 427. n. 4 (1876). 

<$ . Allied to the preceding species, but larger, with no scarlet spots or streaks on the 
wings or body : the primaries with an oblique white spot below the cell ; a greenish-blue 
streak in the cell, and a large bifid spot at the end of it; the secondaries wholly white above; 
the primaries below with a large ovate white patch filling the lower half of the disk ; the 
secondaries below with a larger white spot and white fringe. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
1 1 lines. 

Peru. 

* Possibly due to abrasion. 



SCEPSIS.— EUCEREON. 49 

SCEPSIS, Walker. 
Scepsis trifasciata, n. sp. (Plate XVI. fig. 11.) 

Primaries pale brown ; the veins, base, apex, and external angle black-brown : secondaries 
hyaline white, with a black outer border, black veins, and a grey costal area. Head and 
thorax dark brown ; abdomen black : head and collar spotted with carmine ; prothorax 
spotted with white; abdomen crossed by three yellow bands: body below pale brown; 
trochanters and a row of spots on each side of the venter, cream-colour; a white streak 
below proximal end of femora. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 

Jurucua, Rio Purus ; taken September 26, 1874 (J. W. H. Trail). 

EPISCEPSIS, n. gen. 

Allied to Scepsis : shorter in the primaries ; secondaries with two subcostal branches, 
running close together at their origins ; upper discocellular nearly four times the length of 
lower, strongly inarched ; radial as usual dividing the discocellulars ; lower discocellular very 
short and oblique ; second and third median branches emitted close together (not from the 
same point) at the end of the cell ; first median emitted normally ; body not so long as in 
Scepsis. Type E. venata, n. sp. 

Episcepsis venata, n. sp. (Plate XVI. fig. 7.) 

Wings hyaline, the veins black ; primaries brownish, with the apex, base, external angle, 
margins, and a spot on the discocellulars, dark brown; secondaries hyaline white, with a 
broad external black border. Body dark brown ; frons white-spotted ; back of head and 
sides of collar spotted with carmine; abdomen shot with blue, terminal segments above 
metallic green ; collar below white-spotted ; legs white below, trochanters of first pair rose- 
red ; venter white in the centre, grey-brown at the sides, with a row of small testaceous 
spots ; genitalia yellow. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Rio Jutahi, near Rio Curnem ; taken January 29, 1875 (/. W. H. Trail). 

EUCEREON, Hulner. 
Eucereon varium. (Plate IX. fig. 5.) 
Euehromia (Eucereeon) varia, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 26<i. n. 117 (1^54). 

Primaries black-brown; the veins, two very irregular transverse lines (converging 
towards inner margin), a lunulated submarginal line, a sigmoidal litura intertwining with the 
external transverse line, and a basal arched litura, whity brown; a whitish spot within the 
end of the cell, and another just below the middle of outer margin : secondaries hyaline 
white, veins and borders black. Body black-brown; collar, a broad transverse band on 
proximal half of abdomen, and two lateral spots above it, orange ; a whitish spot on meta- 

H 



50 AECTIID^:. 

thorax. Primaries below dark brown; two spots in the cell and an arched series beyond it 
\\ Iiitish : secondaries as above. Body dark brown ; proximal end of trochanters orange. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 8 Unes. 
Para (Smith) . 

Eucereon inarmoratum, n. sp. (Plate XVI. fig. 4.) 

General aspect of E. setosa. Primaries whity brown, becoming slightly darker towards 
apex; veins black-brown; two central dentate-sinuate lines, opposed to each other and 
diverging towards the costa, partially obscured by a large diffused V-shaped marking across 
the end of the cell; an interno-median basal streak and a series of discal hastate markings 
black-brown ; two bifid whitish subapical spots, placed obliquely : secondaries hyaline white, 
with a broad black border. Head and thorax pale brown ; frons, antenna;, margins of 
thorax, collar and tegulae, and a central line, black-brown ; back of head ochreous ; mctathorax 
yellowish behind ; abdomen black-brown, shot with blue, the sides and three subterminal 
segments ochreous. Primaries below brown, a spot near the end of the cell and two subapical, 
as above, white. Body dark brown; pectus with lateral whitish tufts; collar, trochanters, 
and a large patch at base of venter ochraceous ; proximal end of hind femora and distal end 
of tibiae white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 8 lines. 

" Pupunhazinho/' Ilio Junta; taken November 8, 1874 (J. W. H. Trail). 

P. marmoratum seems to be a common species. Mr. Trail took it in the following addi- 
tional localities : — Imla, below the Rapids of Porteira, Rio Trombetas, March 1 ; Rio Negro, 
June 14; at Ayrilo, July 3; near Amman, Rio Purus, September 5 ; Guajara, September (i 
and 7 ; Pedroso, September 25 ; Mamiva, September 28 ; Mabidiry, September 30 ; Mouth 
of Rio Sapo, October 13 ; Curimata, Rio Jurua, October 30 ; Pupuuha, November 1 and 5. 

Eucereon coinplicatuin, n. sp. (Plate XVI. fig. 12.) 

Nearly allied to E. marmoratum, but the wings paler, and the central transverse lines of 
primaries approaching each other at both extremities ; nearly the whole of the venter creamy 
ochreous. Expanse of wings 1 inch 9 lines. 

Rio Jurua, October 2(5, 1874 [J. W. H. Trail). 

Eucereon reticulatum, n. sp. (Plate XVII. fig. 9.) 

Primaries, head, and thorax dark In-own, reticulated with pale greyish brown or, more 
strictly Bpeaking, pale greyish brown covered witli dark brown spots : costal area of primaries 
pale brown, interrupted a1 equal distances by blackish spots; outer border pale brown, with 
a row of submarginal black spots; a while dot in the cell, two beyond it, one on interno- 
median area, and one (cut by the second median branch) on outer border: secondaries dark 
brown, outer border blackish : abdomen deep rose-red, anal segment black tipped with white. 
Wings below dark brown ; primaries with a small spot in the cell, a bifid spot beyond it, 
another on outer margin, the fringe at apical and external angles, white ; pectus sordid 



ETTCEKEON. — ELYSIUS. 51 

whitish ; trochanters rose-red, with hlack outer angle in front ; remainder of legs varied with 
black ; venter cream-coloured, all the segments, excepting the last two, rosy behind and 
spotted with black at the sides ; last two segments black with white edging. Expanse of 
wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Boa Vista, Rio Jutahi ; taken February 1, 1875 (/. TV. H. Trail). 

Eucereon arenosum, n. sp. (Plate XVII. fig. 10.) 

Wings sandy brownish ; primaries irregularly traversed by series of pale-edged dark 
brown spots ; secondaries with the costa whitish : thorax sandy brown ; antenna? dark brown ; 
abdomen rose-red, clothed with whitish hairs at the base ; anus blackish, clothed with white 
hairs ; wings below with the markings obsolescent and confused ; body sandy ; venter with 
small lateral brown spots. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Jamiry, Rio Madeira ; taken May 28, 1874 (J. W. H. Trail). 

HYALEUCERIA, Butler. 
Hyalenceria erythrotelus. (Plate VII. fig. 13.) 
Glaucopis (Pheia) erythrotelus, Waller, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 147. n. 11 (1854). 

Wings hyaline white, veins black-brown ; primaries with the margins and the apical 
area, almost to the middle, black -brown, enclosing a bifid hyaline white spot; secondaries with 
a moderately broad black border, dentated on interno-median and internal interspaces. Body 
dark brown ; collar and anus camiine ; anterior trochanters cream-colour. Expanse of wings 
1 inch 1 line. 

Para (Grahame). 

NERITOS, TValker. 
Neritos obscurata, n. sp. (Plate XVII. fig. G.) 

Primaries pale purplish brown ; the interno-basal area, a large patch surrounding the 
discocellulars, and two ill-defined patches on the outer margin, sordid testaceous ; a brown 
spot on the discocellulars : secondaries rosy, becoming whitish towards the abdominal margin. 
Body testaceous. Wings below ochraceous upon the costa and veins; remainder of the wing 
rosy, shot with lilacine. Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Prainha; taken November 14, 1873 (/. TV. H. Trail). 

ELYSIUS, Walker. . 

Elysius optimus, n. sp. (Plate XVII. fig. 8.) 

Primaries red-brown, covered with yellow scarlet-centred spots ; veins carmine : secon- 
daries rosy. Head, collar, and thorax yellow ; an annular scarlet marking on the vertex of the 

h2 



52 ARCTIHXE. 

head, two on the collar, and one, elongated, on each tegula ; abdomen deep rose-red. Pri- 
maries below suffused with rose-red, and faintly shot with lilacine ; the markings indistinct 
excepting towards apex ; outer margin narrowly black-brown, undulated : secondaries sub- 
ochreous, rosy tinted. Body below testaceous ; palpi and legs rosy above, banded with black 
and yellow, below testaceous. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 
Rio Jurua; taken October 31, 1874 (J. W. H. Trail). 

ZATREPHES, Hubner. 
Zatrephes trailii, n. sp. (Plate XVII. fig. 7.) 

Allied to Z. nitida. Primaries golden ochreous, irrorated with carmine, and with a trans- 
verse central zigzag carmine line ; an oblique regular dark brown line crossing the wing near 
the base, and a second, slightly irregular, brownish carmine line just beyond the middle, and 
bounding (internally) a pearly hyaline irregular quadrifid discal patch edged with carmine ; 
an ill-defined series of carmine-edged lunated silvery spots ; a short basal brown litura : 
secondaries rosy, becoming whitish towards costa and outer margin : thorax ochraceous, 
sparsely irrorated with carmiue. Head and collar densely irrorated with carmine ; abdomen 
rose-red, with ill-defined dorsal testaceous streak. Wings below pale rosy, the transverse 
lines and irrorations obsolete. Body below sordid white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 

Rio Jurua; taken November 12, 1874 (/. W. H. Trail). 

I have named this very beautiful species after its discoverer. 

Zatrephes paradisea, n. sp. (Plate XVII. fig. 11.) 

Primaries golden, with a glistening silver shot, reticulated with carmiue; a central 
oblique dark brown bar from costa to external angle, bounding (inwardly) a large, externally 
siuuatcd, brown-edged, pearly hyaline patch, beyond and above which arc several dark brown 
spots; the veins crossing the hyaline patch yellow, dotted witli black ; a blackish spot near 
base of inner margin : secondaries pearly white, becoming rose-red towards abdominal and 
outer margins. Body golden, shot with silvci - , and spotted here and there with carmine. 
Wings and body below silvery white; the front legs and a spot in the centre of primaries (on 
the edge of the hyaline patch) rose-red. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Bio Jutahi; taken February 5, 1875 (./. W. H. Trail). 

One of the most beautiful of the Arctiiihe. 

PHffiGOPTERA, Herrich-Schaffer. 

Phasgoptcra rhodosoma. (Plate XVIII. fig. 3.) 
Phacgoptora rhodosoma, Bulla; Ami. .j- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 4, vol. xvi. p. 233 (1875). 

Primaries pale brown, transversely streaked all over with dark greyish brown : seeon- 



ANAXITA.— EUCYANE. 53 

daries -with discoapical area, from costa to near anal angle, dark brown, subhyaline internally ; 
discoidal cell whitish subhyaline : abdominal area broadly rose-red ; top of head, centre of 
collar, and prothorax, creamy yellow ; remainder of thorax brown. Abdomen rose-red, pos- 
terior segments transversely banded with black ; antenna} dark brown. Wings below sepia- 
brown, primaries showing the darker transverse streaks indistinctly; secondaries with rosy 
area as above. Head black; pectus dark brown; coxae rose-red; venter brown, paler at tin- 
base. Expanse of wings 2 inches 9 lines. 
Ecuador (Buckley) . 

ANAXITA, Walker. 
Anaxita sannionis. (Plate XVIII. fig. 6.) 
Anaxita sannionis, Butler, Ann. $■ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 4, vol. xii. p. 228. n. 33 (1873). 

Primaries above with the basal half ochraceous, varied with crimson ; apical half crimson ; 
the nervures and internervular folds black, the nervures enclosed in black-edged greyish 
streaks; a band of the same character crossing the basal third of the wing, a second just 
before the end of the cell, a third from the middle of the median nervure to inner margin ; a 
spot of the same at the base of costal area : secondaries rosy crimson ; the apex, outer margin, 
a triangular patch at anal angle, and the nervures from the median upwards (excepting at 
base) dark brown. Body crimson; collar and teguke golden yellow, brown-edged ; abdomen 
with blackish brown dorsal line ; anus and venter blackish, with three yellow spots on each 
side ; legs and antennae brown. Wings below nearly as above : primaries with the streaks 
and bands brown ; a black costal spot on the first two bands ; basal area rosy : secondaries 
with a yellow subcostal litura. Expanse of wings 3 inches 2 lines. 

Huasampilla, Peru (Whitely). 



EUCYANE, Hiibner. 
Eucyane diana. (Plate XIX. fig. G.) 
Eucyane diana, Butler, Ann. fy Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 4, vol. xvi. p. 174. n. 4 (1875). 

General pattern and coloration of E. uranicola. Wings black, with the base metallic blue- 
green ; apical fringe white : primaries crossed by an oblique white band, cut by the black 
nervures, and edged internally upon the costal area by a carmine spot : secondaries with a 
trifid postmedian oblique white streak, united above to a carmine spot; anal fringe white. 
Body above metallic blue-green : wings below as above : pectus green ; legs black-brown, 
longitudinally striped with white ; venter green at the base and margins, blackish at the sides, 
crimson in the centre, with the hinder edges of the segments white. Expanse of wings 
2 inches 3 lines. 

Ega (Bates). 



54 AECTIID.E.— LITHOSIIDJE. 

HERACLEA, Hiibner. 
Heraclea commixta, n. sp. (Plate XIX. fig. 1.) 

Primaries black-brown ; the fringe, an interno-median line from the base, and a post- 
median oblique litnra, pale testaceous : secondaries scarlet, with a broad black-brown outer 
border just enclosing a curved subapical line of scarlet. Body black-brown ; abdomen 
mottled with scarlet at the sides. "Wings below pale red, with broad brown borders ; primaries 
with whitish fringe : body as above. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 

Guatemala. 

I found H. commixta in the collection as Ammalo he/ops of Cramer. 

HOPLARCTIA, n. gen. 

Allied to Heraclea, but easily distinguished by its hairy body and metallic coloration, and 
its long strongly pectinated antennse. Type H. nan/ana. 

Hoplarctia nantana. (Plate XIX. fig. 2.) 
Ammalo nantana (sic), Walker, Cat. Lep. llei. Styopl. i. p. 282 (1864). 

Primaries chocolate-brown ; the inner margin, lower half of external fringe, and a lon- 
gitudinal streak from the base (through the cell) to near the outer margin, ochreous ; a 
silvery green spot at the base : secondaries carmine, with a very irregular black-brown outer 
border; fringe, excepting at apex, orange. Body black; head and thorax spotted, and 
abdomen banded with metallic blue-green. Primaries below brown, with a broad expanding 
scarlet streak from the base to near outer margin ; a scarlet litura above submedian ncrvure : 
secondaries scarlet, irregularly bordered with brown; fringe as above: legs streaked with 
metallic green. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 

East Peru {Degand). 

It is needless to point out how this species differs from Ammalo helops and allies, 
inasmuch as there is no resemblance whatever between them. 



LITHOSIIDiE. 
JOSIOIDES, Felder. 

Josioides sexmaculata, n. sp. (Plate XIX. fig. 4.) 

Black-brown: primaries with a large central orange patch; a subapical lunate orange 
Bpot: secondaries witl a central pyriform orange spot; an orange streak on abdominal 
margin : abdomen with lateral orange streaks. Primaries below with the orange patch con- 



JOSIOIDES— GANGAMELA. 55 

tinued internally to the base ; secondaries with a few orange scales at the base ; no abdominal 
streak, the central spot enlarged to twice its size ; otherwise as above. Expanse of wings 
1 inch 6 lines. 

Para (J. P. G. Smith). 

Josioides purpurata, n. sp. (Plate XIX. fig. 5.) 

Wings purplish brown ; primaries with a broad, oblique, orange band, slightly incurved 
at its lower extremity : thorax dark brown ; abdomen black, shot with purplish blue, with a 
lateral orange spot : primaries below with the orange baud broader ; secondaries with a 
rounded orange spot on the disk ; venter dark brown ; anus orange. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
(j lines. 

Barreiras das Araras, Rio Solinioes, January 16, 1874. (J. W. H. Trail). 



MELAMERID.E. 

LAMA, Walker. 
Lama striata, n. sp. (Plate XIX. fig. 7.) 

Black-brown : primaries above with a large cuneiform golden yellow patch at the base, 
intersected by the black nervures and intcrnervular streaks ; a rather narrow oblique band of 
golden yellow beyond the middle, from the subcostal nervure to near the external angle. Body 
above slightly bluish ; frons greyish ; genitalia testaceous. Primaries below without the black 
veins and streaks upon the yellow basal area ; band slightly broader : secondaries with an 
oblique abbreviated yellow band from submedian nervure to end of cell ; otherwise as above. 
Body below silky black ; legs greyish in front, brown behind ; venter with a lateral interrupted 
yellow line. Expanse of wings 1 inch 6 lines. 

Espiritu Santo, (see note on p. 46) . 

Allied to Lama trifera of Walker. 

GANGAMELA, Walker. 
Gangamela fignlina, n. sp. (Plate XIX. fig. 8.) 

Primaries bright orange; the margins, a large triangular apical patch, and the veins 
towai-ds the base, black-brown: secondaries black-brown. Body black-brown; head and 
collar spotted with white; tegulag with a central squamose orange streak: abdomen with 
dorsal and lateral longitudinal grey lines ; pectus orange in front, white behind ; legs with 
white inner margins to the trochanters and femora; venter white, with central longitudinal 
black-brown band. Expanse of wings 1 inch 8 lines. 

Espiritu Santo. 



56 DIOPTID.E. — NYCTEMERIDJE. 

DIOPTIDiE *. 

HYRMINA, milker. 

Hyrmnia trailii, n. sp. (Plate XIX. fig. 9.) 

Resembles Leucotfiyris astrea and is nearly allied to Hyrmina cyrna, from which it chiefly 
differs in the absence of the subcostal orange spot in primaries and the different form of the 
subapical hyaline streak. Wings hyaline, black-veined ; primaries with the borders black- 
brown; two oblique brown bands, the first across the middle of the wing, the second (broader) 
towards apex : secondaries with costa brown; outer margin black-brown, enclosing a well- 
defined submarginal orange streak. Body brown; abdomen with a dorsal whitish line; 
venter whitish. Expanse of wings 1 inch 6 lines. 

Forest behind Manaos, Amazons, August 2G, 1871 {J. W. H. Trail). 

I have named this interesting little species after its discoverer. 

STENELE, Walker. 
Stenele calida, n. sp. (Plate XIX. fig. 3.) 

Wings above bright reddish orange : primaries with the external two fifths black-brown ; 
a quadrate spot beyond the end of the cell, and two smaller submarginal spots on the median 
interspaces bright ochre-yellow : secondaries with a narrow dentate-sinuate black-brown outer 
border. Body bright reddish orange; head and collar yellow, with central black spots ; 
antcnnse black; thorax with a black spot on each shoulder; abdomen with a black lateral 
line; anus black, with a central greyish spot. Wings below paler; primaries with the apex 
chocolate-brown, yellow spots larger than above; costa yellow: secondaries with a yellow 
streak on each interspace and in the cell ; a submarginal series of yellow spots ; blackish 
border narrower than above : body below yellow ; legs streaked with black. Expanse of wings 
2 inches 1 line. 

Mast Peru (Degand). 

Nearly allied to Stenele aletis of Felder. 

NYCTEMERIDiE. 

PTEROTHYSANTTS, Walker. 
Pterothysanus laticilia. (Plate XIV. fig. 2.) 
Pterothysanus laticilia, Walker, Cat. Lejp. 11, i. ii. p. 401. a. 1 (1854). 

Primaries black, irregularly blotched with white; a submarginal series of white spots : 
secondaries white, crossed before the middle by an irregular black band ; a curved dentate- 
sinuate discal band, and a submarginal series .»t' partially confluent spots, black : thorax black, 
• The Dioptifo, as now restricted, are simplj the New-World representatives of the family Xyctcmoridie. 



EUSCHEMA. 57 

spotted with white ; head and collar reddish orange ; abdomen oclireous, spotted with black, 
the spots towards the base forming transverse bars. Expanse of wings 2 inches 11 lines. 
Silhet. 



CHALCOSIID^]. 

EUSCHEMA, Hiibner. 
Euschema discalis. (Plate XIV. fig. 1.) 
Euschema discalis, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. ii. p. 407. n. 5 (1854). 

Primaries purplish black; two longitudinal basal streaks and three irregular macular 
transverse curved bands white, washed with grey ; a cuneiform white internal patch : secon- 
daries with the basal half white; a large black spot at the end of the cell; external half 
purplish black, maculated with yellow : thorax grey, banded with black ; abdomen white ; 
anus yellow. Primaries below purplish black, streaked and banded as above, but the mark- 
ings whiter : secondaries golden yellow, white at the base, with costal and basicostal longi- 
tudinal bands, a large spot at the end of the cell, a very irregular discal band, and a series of 
irregular marginal spots, black. Body below yellowish. Expanse of wings 3 inches 1 line. 

Penang. 

Euschema subrepleta. (Plate XIV. fig. 4.) 
Euschema subrepleta, Walker, Cat. Lep. Met. ii. p. 406. n. 3 (1854). 

Primaries with the basal half golden yellow, transversely and longitudinally banded with 
black ; external half purplish black, maculated with two transverse series of subhvaline greyish 
white spots : secondaries golden yellow, banded and marginally spotted with purplish black. 
Body golden yellow ; thorax banded with black, abdomen with either black or grey. Wings 
below nearly as above. Body below golden yellow; legs whity brown. Expanse of wings 
2 inches 9 lines. 

Borneo. 

Also common at Malacca. Identical with E. bellonaria, Guenee. 

Euschema flavescens. (Plate XIV. fig. 3.) 
Euschema flavescens, Walker, Cat. Lep. Net. ii. p. 406. n. 4 (1S54). 

Primaries above subhyaline yellow at the base, with an interno-basal irregular black 
streak ; remainder of the wing black, crossed by two series of subhyaline white spots : 
secondaries golden yellow ; the veins, apex, margin, and two irregular transverse bands black ; 
thorax dark brown ; the head behind, the collar, and tegulre, yellow ; abdomen yellow, banded 
and laterally spotted with dark brown. Expanse of wings 2 inches 11 lines. 

North India. 



58 CHALCOSIIDJE. — URANIID^. 

Euscheina bellona. (Plate XIV. fig. 5.) 
Euschema bellona, Walker, Cat. Lep. lift. ii. p. 405. n. 2 (1854). 

Basal half of wings golden yellow, spotted with Mack ; external half purplish black : 
primaries with two series of semitransparent white discal spots, partially washed with grey. 
Body above golden yellow ; thorax banded and spotted with black ; abdomen banded with 
greyish ; below nearly as above. Expanse of wings 3 inches 9 lines. 

Moulmein. 

OTROEDA, Walker. 
Otroeda occidentis. (Plate XIV. fig. G.) 
Otroeda occidentis, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. ii. p. 403. n. 2 (1854). 

Primaries dark brown ; the veins at the base, an oblique central band, a shorter tapering 
band beyond the cell, and a submarginal series of six spots, white : secondaries white ; a very 
broad external black-brown border, edged within towards the abdominal margin with tawny ; 
a submarginal and a marginal series of white spots : thorax brown, longitudinally banded 
with white; abdomen white ; below nearly as above. Expanse of wings 3 inches 9 lines. 
Sierra Leone. 

Otroeda vesperina. (Plate XIV. fig. 7.) 
Otroeda vesperina, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. ii. p. 403. n. 3 (1854). 

Primaries whitish ochreous ; a series of radiating basal streaks ; two oblique transverse 
central bands, the apical area, and outer border to near external angle, dark brown ; a sub- 
marginal scries of six white spots : secondaries dull ochreous ; a rather broad external black 
border with submarginal and marginal series of white spots : thorax black, spotted and longi- 
tudinally striped with creamy ochreous ; abdomen sordid ochreous, with a dorsal black streak ; 
below nearly as above. Expanse of wings 3 inches 8 lines. 

Congo. 

URANIIDxE. 

NYCTALEMON, Dalman. 
Nyctaleuion excavatus. (Plate I. fig. 1.) 
Nyctalemon oxcavatus, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 9. n. 5 (1854). 

Win^s dark brown, crossed by numerous transverse, undulating, subparallcl lines, and 
two similarly undulating broad brown bands; a scries of submarginal black elongated 
markings, edged with whitish; secondaries with three large ocellatcd markings, two in the 
tail and one 1 subanal ; anal area rosy ferruginous, becoming whitish externally, and crossed 
by two submarginal black litune. Expanse of wings 3 inches 2 to 5 lines. 

Haiti. 



CORONIS. 59 



CORONIS, LatreiUe. 

Coronis subpicta. (Plate III. fig. 2.) 
Coronis subpicta, Walker, Cat. Lep. Hit. i. p. 39. n. 5 (1854). 

Wings dark brown, with a central irregular darker transverse band, sharply defined on 
its outer and diffused on its inner edge : primaries with the costa black-brown, crossed by 
numerous pale brown liturrc ; remainder of the wing reddish, crossed by dark wavy lines : 
secondaries with the external half ferruginous, crossed by numerous dark brown irregular 
lines; its costal half bounded internally by an abbreviated orange band; apex orange; five 
ocellated submarginal anal spots, two at the base of the tail with white pupils ; outer half of 
tail white, spotted with clay-colour. Body brown. Wings below with the basal half brownish 
clay-colour, bounded by a central dark brown band, which is followed by a pale band, whitish 
in primaries, ochreous in secondaries; disk of primaries dark brown, streaked with clay- 
colour towards the costa; outer border sandy yellowish; fringe brown ; a brown spot at the 
end of the cell : secondaries with the disk dull red, streaked externally with black ; outer 
border paler red ; two yellow apical lunules ; fringe brown ; two black dashes above the tail, 
which is white externally. Body brownish clay-colour; legs and palpi paler. Expanse of 
wings 2 inches 10 lines. 

Venezuela (Dyson). 

Coronis interlineata. (Plate III. fig. 1.) 
Coronis interlineata, Walker, Cat. Lq>. Het. i. p. 38. n. 4 (1854). 

Wings dark brown: primaries crossed by darker undulating lines; veins pale; two 
broad transverse irregular bands, bounded by double pale lines ; an irregularly undulated pale 
submarginal line, beyond which is a series of waved black litura? : secondaries with a diffused 
central dark brown area, bounded externally by an angulated orange band, which tapers, 
is. clouded, and divided by a brown line, from third median branch to abdominal margin; disk- 
streaked with pale brown ; a submarginal pale line, ochreous towards apex ; three well- 
marked, black-bordered, chocolate-brown anal submargiual spots. Body greyish brown. 
Wings below testaceous, crossed by two broad irregular darker bands, and mottled with 
brown : primaries with the bands dark brown, and a large quadrate brown spot at the end of 
the cell : secondaries tinted with ochreous ; a subbasal transverse brown line. Body below 
sandy yellowish. Expanse of wings 2 inches 5 lines. 

Hub. ? 



i2 



60 LAEENTIDJE. 

LARENTIDxE. 

SCORDYLIA, Guenee. 
Scordylia humeraria. (Plate XX. fig. 8.) 
Scordylia humeraria, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. xxiv. p. 1277. n. 8 (1862). 

Basal half of wings golden yellow ; external half dark chocolate-brown; fringe spotted 
with whitish : primaries with the base and two costal spots on basal area dark brown ; three 
whitish costal dots near apex ; secondaries with the external border interrupted internally by an 
angulated streak proceeding from the basal ground-colour. Body above greyish, below creamy 
whitish; legs spotted with blackish. Wings below altogether paler than above; apex of 
primaries marbled with castaneous and white; secondaries varied with grey, and mottled all 
over with black. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Bolivia [Bridges) . 

Scordylia perfectaria. (Plate XX. fig. 9.) 
Scordylia perfectaria, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. xxiv. p. 1277. n. (1802). 

Primaries, basal half orange-yellow, external half dark chocolate-brown ; two costal spots 
on basal area and the base, greyish brown ; two or three yellow costal dots near apex ; 
fringe white-dotted : secondaries orange-yellow, with the apical border broadly dark brown ; 
a black submarginal line from the apical border to the anal angle, above which is a short 
black litura. Body pale greyish brown, below white. Wings below paler ; basicostal area 
of primaries and secondaries sandy whitish, varied with stramineous and red-brown ; apices 
red-brown, clouded with grey and mottled with black ; primaries with a costal whitish spot, 
separated from the basicostal area by a red-brown spot. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Mexico [Salle). 

Scordylia salvini. (Plate XX. fig. 10.) 
Scordylia salvini, Butler, Ann. fy Mag. Nat. Hist. sor. 4, vol. xv. p. 341 (1S75). 

Wings above saffron-yellow j the apical areas broadly black-brown: primaries with the 
outer margin black-brown, in continuation with the apical area, irregular internally ; three red- 
brown costal dots on basal area ; a small yellow costal spot at centre of apical area ; two or three 
apical whitish dots on the fringe : secondaries with a narrow external black border from apical 
area to anal angle. Body whity brown : primaries below with the basicostal area whity 
brown, crossed by black and red-brown litura.'; apex rcd-brouu; the costal spot and an apical 
diffused patch whity brown; secondaries whity brown, irrorated with red-brown; apical area 
red-brown, varied with grey and whity brown; otherwise as above. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
1 lines. 

\ eragua [Salvin). 



ERATEINA. — ERILUS.A . (i 1 

ERATEINIDJS. 

ERATEINA, Boubleday. 
Erateina cometaris. (Plate XX. fig. 6.) 
Erateina cometaris, Butler, Ann. $• Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 4, vol. xii. p. 229. n. 35 (1873). 

Wings above with basal half greenish cinereous, with bronze reflections ; apical half 
black : primaries with a nearly central abbreviated oblique white band : secondaries with a 
white oblique line; a red spot near anal angle; fringe varied with white. Wings below plum- 
coloured ; ncrvures of basal area and two oblique central bands, broadest on primaries, silver ; 
an oblique transverse discal golden streak : primaries with the internal area silver ; outer 
central band hyaline in the centre : secondaries with the golden discal streak abbreviated ; 
fringe alternately black and white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 

Huasampilla, Peru {Whitely). 

Erateina discalis. (Plate XX. fig. 7.) 
Erateina discalis, Butler, Ann. $ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 4, vol. xii. p. 229. n. 30 (1873). 

Primaries above black ; basal area and a hyaline spot crossing the median branches and 
end of cell, white ; costal and subcostal nervures red : secondaries white ; a broad black outer 
border; fringe varied with white. Body black; thorax clothed with whitish hairs; abdomen 
white-banded above, white below, with lateral red spots : head white ; Irons and antennae red ; 
palpi and legs black and white. Primaries below plum-coloured ; internal area and central 
transverse band silvery white ; the band with hyaline centre ; basal half of costa irrorated 
with orange ; the base and an oblique dash in the cell white : secondaries silvery white ; a 
spot and two dots in the cell, a large patch on inner margin, a marginal border terminating 
in front in a quadrate subcostal spot, and spots on the fringe at the terminations of the veins 
reddish plum-colour, speckled with orange. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Huasampilla, Peru {Whitely). 

MARGARODIDiE. 

ERILUSA, Walker. 
Erilusa dioptalis. (Plate XX. fig. 1.) 
Erilusa dioptalis, Walker, Cat. Lep. Iht. Suppl. iv. p. 1376 (1805). 

Wings purplish brown, with steel-blue reflections, particularly at the base : primaries 
with a bifid hyaline sjjot interrupted by the median ncrvure, and a postmedian abbreviated 
oblique hyaline white baud : secondaries with a broad central hyaline streak from the base to 
near the outer margin. Body brown, bluish in parts ; below whitish ; collar clay-coloured. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 6 lines. 

Ega (Bates). 



62 MAEGARODID.E. 

Erilusa dioptoides. (Plate XX. fig. 2.) 
Erilusa dioptoides, Walker, Cat. L<p. Net. Suppl. iv. p. 1377 (1S65). 

Wings entirely shot with lilacine : primaries bronze-brown ; two spots in the cell, a streak 
below it, a spot at base of first median interspace, and a subapical band hyaline : secon- 
daries hyaline ; veins and an irregular narrow outer border, bronze-brown. Body greyish 
brown above, whity blown below. Expanse of wings 1 inch 10 lines. 

Para (Grahame). 

Erilusa cyanea. (Plate XX. fig. 3.) 
Erilusa cyanea. Walker, Cat. Lep. Bet. Suppl. iv. p. 1370 (18G5). 

Primaries dark brown, feebly shot with bluish ; a whitish streak at the base and a broad 
postmedian subhyaline white spot : secondaries hyaline white, shot with bluish lilac ; veins 
and a broad outer border dark brown. Body greyish brown, shot with lilacine blue; frons 
testaceous ; body below testaceous ; pectus in front and palpi golden yellow. Expanse of 
wings 1 inch 6 lines. 
Ega (Bates). 

Erilusa croceiceps. (Plate XX. fig. 4.) 
Erilusa croceiceps, Walker, Cat. Lip. llct. Suppl. iv. p. l:'.7-"> ( 1S(>.">). 

"Wings pearly hyaline; the veins and a broad outer border dark brown: primaries with 
the costal area, base, and inner margin brown, shot with blue : secondaries with the costa and 
abdominal area pale brown. Body brown, bluish in front, with the head, anus, legs, and 
entire ventral surface bright ochre-yellow; tibia: of front legs with a black terminal spot. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch G lines. 

Ega (Bates). 

The preceding species of Erilusa are figured to show their resemblance to the Zygsenidse. 
Mr. Walker says, "This group has much resemblance, and perhaps much affinity, to the Diop- 
tidse and to the Lithosiidae ; " but this idea arose from the fact that Mr. Walker had placed 
several genera of Pyralites in those families, amongst which was the following. 

EROCHA, Walker. 
Erocha discreta. (Plate XX. fig. 5.) 
Dioptis (Erocha) discreta, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. ii. p. 319. n. 1 (1854). 

Wings dark brown : primaries with a longitudinal black-edged pale brown central streak, 
ti i ininating in a large rounded clavus, which encloses a reniform brown-speckled white spot : 
secondaries with a large lilac-shol hyaline white pyriform patch, cut by the black median 
nervure and its three branches. Body grey; head and thorax blackish; tegulse edged with 
whitish; pectus white in the centre. Wings below paler than above. Expanse of wings 
I inch 8 lines. 

Ega (Bates). 










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