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Full text of "Illustrations of typical specimens of Lepidoptera Heterocera in the collection of the British Museum. Edited by Arthur Gardiner Butler"

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ILLUSTEATIONS 



OF 



TYPICAL SPECIMENS 



OF 



LEPIDOPTERA HETEROCERA 



IN 



THE COLLECTION 



OF 



THE BRITISH MUSEUM. 



Pakt III.— By ARTHUR GARDINER BUTLER. 



LONDON: 
PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES. 

1879. 




ALERE j FLAMMAM. 




rr.INIED BY lArLOR AND FRANCIS, 
ItEU LION rOl'RT, FLEET STUEET. 



7 






Ml 



PREFACE. 



The third part of this Work is devoted to illustrations of tyjies of Japanese 
and Chinese Moths in the British Museum, and therefore may be regarded as 
a continuation of Part II. It perhaps exhibits even to a greater extent the 
strongly marked European character of a great portion of this fauna, as 
remarked iipon already in the preceding part. 

Again, the greater part of the species represented are from the Collection 
made at Yokohama by Mr. F. M. Jonas, and that formed by Mr. H. Whitely 
at Hakodate. 

The Chinese species are, almost without exception, nearly allied to 
Japanese forms ; several species, moreover, are common to both localities. 

The descriptions of the third part, like those of the preceding, have been 
prepared by Mr. A. G. Butler, F.L.S., one of the Senior Assistants in the 
Department of Zoology. 

ALBERT GtiNTHER, 

Keeper of the Department of Zoologij, 

British Museum, Janwarij 3, 1879. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



SPHINGID^. 

dLEROCAMPA, D,ip. 

suffusa, Wall- Hong-Kong p. 1, PI. XLI. f. 1. 

paUicosta, TT'a?/c-. . . . Hong-Kong, Silhet .... p. 1, PL XLI. f. 2. 

TRIPTOGON, Brem. 

roseipennis, ButJ. . . . Hakodate, Yokohama .... p. 2, PI. XLI. f. 3. 
complacens, Walk. . . China and Japan p. 2, PI. XLI. f. -1. 

ACHERONTIA, Jliibn. 

medusa, Butl China and Japan p. 3, PI. XLI. f. 5. 

DILUDIA, Grote. 

discistriga, Wall-. . . China, Borneo, Java .... p. 3, PL XLI. f. 6. 
increta, Tr«?/i- China and Japan p. 3, PL XLI. f. 7. 

ZYGMlSiDM. 

STNTOMIS, Oi-hs. 

annetta, ButI China p. 4, PL XLII. f. 1. 

BALAT.EA, Walk. 

ffigerioides, Walk. . . Xorth China p. 4, PL XLII. f. 2. 

BINTHA, Walk. 

gracilis, Walk Yokohama p. 5, PL XLII. f. 3. 

AECTIID.^. 

PHISSAMA, Moore. 

yacillans, Walk. . . . Hong-Kong, Sarawak . . . p. 5, PL XLII. f. 4. 

SPILOSOMA, Steph. 

saugaica, Walk. . . . Shanghai p. 5, PL XLII. f. 5. 

b 



■VI 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX, 

SPHARCTIA, ButJ. 

ioue, ButI Hakodate .... 

mollicula, Bull. . . . Hakodate .... 

subcarnea, Walk. . . . Hong-Kong .... 

EUPREPIA, Ochs. 

phfEosoma, Butl. . . . Yokohama .... 

THANATARCTIA, Butl 

infernalis, Butl. . . . Hakodate .... 

LITHOSIID.E. 

MILTOCHRISTA, Silbn. 

ioscripta. Walk . . . North. China . . . 
rhodophila, Wdlh. . . Shanghai, ilongolia . 

COLLITA, Moore. 

segrota, Butl Hakodate .... 

TATARGYNA, Butl. 

formosa, Butl South China . . . 

NOLA, Leach. 

fumosa, Butl Yokohama .... 

Candida, Butl Yokohama .... 

CHALCOSIID^. 
RETINA, Walk. 

costata, Wall- North China . . . 

LIPAKID^. 

LJELIA, Steph. 

sinensis, Walk. . . . Hong-Koug . . . 

PANTANA, Walk. 

ampla, Walk China 

NOTODONTID.E. 

HTLOPHILA, Hiibn. 

sylpha, Butl Yokohama .... 

CERURA, Schr. 

lanigera, Butl Hokodate .... 

SATURXIID.E. 

ATTACTJS, Linn. 

pryeri, Butl Yokohama .... 



p. 6, PI. XLII. f. 6. 
p. 6, PI. XLII. f. 7. 
p. 6, PL XLII. f. 8. 



p. 7, PL XLII. f. 10. 



p. 7, PL XLn. f. 9. 



p. 7, PL XLII. f. 11. 
p. S, PL XLII. f. 12. 



p. 8, PI. XLII. f. 13. 



p. 8, PL XLIII. f. 1. 



p. 9, PL XLm. f. 2. 

p. 9, PL xxni. f. 3. 



p. 9, PL XLIII. f. 7. 



p. 9, PL XLIII. f. 8. 



p. 10, PL XLIII. f. 9. 



p. 10, PL XLIII. f. 10. 
p. 10, PL XLIII. f. 11. 



p. 11, PL XLni. f. 5. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Vll 



LIMACODID.E. 

DATANOIDES, Bufl. 
fasciata, Buil. . 



PHKIXOLEPIA, Butl. 
sericea, BuU. . 



Yokohama p. 11, PI. XLIII. f. 4. 

Yokohama p. 11, PI. XLIII. f. 6. 



CYMATOPHORID.E. 

60N0PH0RA, Bnt. 

derasoides, Butl. . . . Hakodate p. 12, PI. XLIV. f. 1. 



BOMBYCOID^. 

ACRONYCTA, OcJis. 

leucocuspis, Butl. . . Yokohama . 
increta, Butl Yokohama . 



... p. 12, PI. XLIV. f. 2. 
» . . p. 12, PI. XLIV. f. 3. 



LEUCANIID^. 

LEUCANIA, OcJis. 

terata, Butl Hakodate p. 13, PI. XLIV. f. 4. 



ALYSIA, Gufn. 

grisea, Butl Yokohama 



p. 13, PL XLIV. f. 5. 



GLOTTULID.^. 

DANDACA, Wall: 
senex, Butl. 



Yokohama p. 13, PI. XLIV. f. 6. 



NOCTUIDiE. 

AGROTIS, OcJts. 

iUoba, Butl. . . . 
odiosa, Butl. . . . 

HERMONASSA, Tr«?^-. 

Cecilia, Butl Yokohama 



Hakodate p. 14, PL XLIV. f. 7. 

Yokohama p. 14, PL XLTV. f. 8, 



p. 14, PL XLIV. f. 



GRAPHIPHORA, OcJis. 

cahginea, Butl. . . . Hakodate p. 15, PL XLIV. f. 10. 



OETHOSIID^. 

DASYCAMPA, Gum. 

fornas, Butl. . 



HADENID^. 

PHLOGOPHORA, Ochs. 
beatrix, Butl. . . 



Yokohama p. 15, PI. XLIV. f. 11. 



Hakodate p. 16, PL XLIV. f. 12. 

62 



viii SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 

APLECTOIDES, Bad. 

nitida, Butl Yokohama p. 16, PI. XLV. f. 1. 

EUROIS, Hiibn. 

yirons, But! Hakodate p. 17, PI. XLV. f. 5. 

HADENA, Treit. 

lucia, Butl Hakodate p. 17, PI. XLV. f. 2. 

XYLIJ^ID^. 

XYLINA, OcJis. 

arctipenuis, Butl. . . . Yokohama p. 17, PI. XLV. f. 3. 

LITHOPHANE, HUbn. 

saga, Butl Yokohama p. 18, PI. XLV. f. 9. 

CUCTJLLIA, Oclis. 

fraterna, Butl. . . . Hakodate p. 18, PI. XLV. f. 10. 

HELIOTHIDiE. 

HELIOTHIS, Gueii. 

adaucta, Butl Japan p. 19, PI. XLV. f. 4. 

H.EMEKOSIIDiE. 
ARIOLA, Wall: 

pulchra, Butl Yokohama p. 10, PI. XLV. f. 6. 

ACONTIID^. 

ACONTIA, OcJis. 

biplagiata, Walk. . . . China p. 19, PL XLV. f. 7. 

bimacula, Walk. . . . Hong-Kong p. 20, PI. XLV. f. 8. 

maculosa, Walk. .... China p. 20, PI. XLVI. f. 1. 

ERASTEIID.E. 

ERASTRiaL, Ochs. 

stygia, Butl. .... Yokohama p. 20, PI. XLVI. f. 2. 

EEIOPID.E. 

CALLOPISTRIA, Hiibn. 

obscura, Butl Japan p. 21, PL XLVI. f. 3. 

ffithiops, Butl Yokohama p. 21, PL XLVI. f. 4. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



IX 



PIACODID-E. 

SCEDOPLA, Btitl. 
regalis, Bull. 



Yokohama 



p. 22, PI. XLVI. f. 5. 



PLUSIID^ 

PLUSIA, Ochs, 
Jessica, Butl. 
mikadina, Batl. 

DEVA, Walk, 

splendida, Bntl. 



Yokohama p. 22, PL XLVI. f. 6. 

Japan p. 22, PL XLVI. f. 7. 

Hakodate p. 23, PL XLVI. f. 8. 



A5IPHIPYRID.E. 

AMPHIPYRA, Ochs. 
erebina, Butl. . 



N.ffi;NIA, Sterk. 
museosa, Butl. 



Japan p. 23, PL XLVI. f. 12. 



Yokohama p. 24, PL XLVI. £ 9, 



HYPOGEAilMID.E. 
GERBATHA, Wdl: 

ypsiioii, Bu,tl. . 
angusta, Butl. . 



Yokohama 
Yokohama 



. p. 24, PL XLVII. f. 1. 
. p. 24, PL XLVII. f. 2. 



CATOCALID.E. 

CATOCALA, Ochs. 
bella, Bv.tl. . . 
praggnax, WaVc. 
zalmunna, Butl. 



Yokohama p. 25, PL XLVI. f. 10. 

North China p. 25, PL XLVI. f. 11. 

Japan p. 25, PL XLVII. f. 3. 



EREBID^. 

SYPNA, OiUn. 

achatina, BiiU. 
fuliginosa, Batl. 



Japan p, 26, PL XLVII. f. 7. 

Japan p. 20, PL XLVII. f. 8. 



OJOIATOPHORID.^. 
NYCTIPAO, Huhn. 
Icetitia, Batl. . 



Japan. 



... p. 26, PL XLVII, f. 9. 



HYPOPYEID^. 

HYPOPYRA, Gum. 
extricans, Walh. 



North China p. 27, PL XLVII. L 12. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



OPHIUSID^E. 

PSIMADA, Walk: 
cineracea, Bntl. 

EUCLIDTID^. 

PLTJSIDIA, Butl. 

abrostoloides, Bidl. 

POAPHILID^. 

POAPHILA, Gucn. 
mollis, Butl. 



PHYLLOPHILA, Own. 
cretacea, Btitl. . 



. Yokohama p. 27, PL XLVII. f. 4. 

. Hakodate p. 28, PI. XLVII. f. 5. 

. Yokohama p. 28, PL XLYII. f. 10. 

. Yokohama p. 28, PL XLVII. f. 11. 



THERMESIID^. 
SELENIS, Guin. 

mira, Butl Hakodate 

UEAPTEEID^. 

URAPTERYX, Leacli. 

veneris, Butl Yokohama 



EXNOMMID^. 

THIOPSYCHE, Butl. 

pryeri, BuA Yokohama 



ENDROPIA, Guen. 
mactans, Butl. 



Yokohama 



DESCOREBA, Butl. 

simplex, Butl Yokohama . . 

BIZIA, Wall: 

SBsaria, Wall- China and Japan 

CORYPHA, Wall: 

iucongniaria, Wall: . . North China 

(ENOCHEOMIIDiE. 

NIPHONISSA, Butl. 

arida, Btdl Yokohama . . 



. p. 29, PL XLVII. f. 6. 

. p. 29, PL XLVIII. f. 1. 

. p. 29, PL XLVIII. f. 2. 

. p. 30, PL XLVIII. f. 3. 

. p. 30, PL XLVIII. f. 4. 

. p. 31, PL XLVIII. f. 5. 

. p. 31, PL XLVIII. f. 6. 

. p. 31, PL XLVIII. f. 7. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



XI 



BOARMIID^. 

BOARMIA, Treit. 
eoiifereuda, Butl. 
lunifera, Butl. . 
displicons, Butl. 
leucophffia, Butl. 
agitata, Biitl. . 
angulifera, Butl. 
grisea, Butl. 
senex, Butl. 
insolita, Butl. . 
repulsaria, Walk. 

TEPHROSIA, Buisd. 
charon, Butl. . 
igiiobilis, Butl. . 



Yokohama 

Yokohamu 

Yokoliama 

Yokohama 

Yokohama 

Yokohama 

Yokohama 

Japan . 

Hakodate 

Hong-Kong 



p. 32, PL XLVIII. f. 


8. 


p. 32, PL XLVIII. f. 


10 


p. 32, PL XLVIII. f. 


11 


p. 33, PL XLVIII. f. 


12 


p. 33, PL XLVIII. f. 


9. 


p. 33, PL XLIX. f. 1 




p. 33, PL XLIX. f. 2. 




p. 34, PL XLIX. f. 3. 




p. 34, PL XLIX. f. 5. 




p. 34, PL XLIX. f. 7. 





BYLAZORA, Walk: 
virescens, Butl. 

HYPOCHROMA, Guen. 
piyeri, Butl. 
superaus, Butl. 

ELPHOS, Gaen. 

latiferaria, Walk. . 

GEOMETRID^. 
JODIS, mim. 

claripcnnis, Butl. . 

THALASSODES, Gueu. 
marina, Butl. . 



Japan 
Yokohama 



Hakodate 



Yokohama 
Yokohama 



North China 



p. 35, PL XLIX. f. 4. 
p. 35, PL XLIX. f. 6. 



p. 35, PL XLIX. f. 8. 



p. 35, PL XLIX. f. 9. 
p. 3(5, PL XLIX. f. 12. 



p. 36, PL XLIX. f. 11. 



THALERA, Hiibn. 
crenulata, Butl. 

- C0MIB.2ENA, JIMa. 
difficta. Walk. . 



TANAORHINUS, Butl. 
confuciaria. Walk. 

EPHYEID.E. 

ANISODES, Gain. 

hadassa, Butl. . . 



Yokohama p. 36, PL XLIX. f. 10. 

Yokohama p. 37, PL L. f. 1. 

Yokohama p. 37, PL L. f. 2. 

Shanghai p. 37, PL L. f. 3. 

China and Japan p. 38, PL L. f. 4. 

Yokohama p. 38, PL L. f. 5. 



xii SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 

ACIDALIID^. 

ASTHENA, IHibn. 

naptii, Bull Japan p. 39, PI. L. f. 6. 

tonfusa, Bull Yokohama p. 39, PI. L. f. 7. 

corculina. Bull. . . . Yokohama p. 39, PL L. f. 8. 

superior, Biitl. . '. . Yokohama p. 39, PI. L. f. 9. 

ACIDALIA, T>-cU. 

jakima, But! Yokohama p. 40, PI. L. f. 10. 

htLuna, Biitl Y'okohama p. 40, PI. L. f. 11. 

ahscoiiditaria, WalL: . . China p. 40, PI. L. f. 12. 

TIMANDRA, Dtip. 

extreraaria, Wall: . . North China p. 40, PI. LI. t. 1. 

comptaria, Wcdk. . . . Chiua and Japan p. 41, PL LI. f. 2. 

HYRIA, StepJt. 

sinicata, Wall: . . . China p. 41, PI. LI. f. 3. 

MICR.a:SCHUS, Butl. 

aureus, BiUl Yokohama p. 41, PI. LI. f. 4. 

MIClUiNIID.^. 
EROSIA, Giien. 

rapha, Bull Hakodate p. 42, PL LI. f. 5. 

azela, Butl Yokohama P- 42, PL LI. f. 6. 

moza, Butl Y'okohama p. 42, PL LI. f. 7. 

ARGYRIS, Gtien. 

indicataria. Walk. . . China and Japan P- -13, PL LI. f. 8. 

CABElMDyE. 

CABERA, Treit. 

cliela, Bull Yokohama p. 43, PL LI. f. 9. 

CORYCIA, Dtq>. 

Virgo, Bull Yokohama p. 44, PI. LI. f. 10. 

sacra, Butl Yokoliama P- 44, PI. LI. f. 11. 

THYSANOCHILUS, B„tl. 

purus, Bittl Yokohama p. 44. PL LI. f. 12. 

i[ACAllIID.E. 

MACARIA, Cri. 

hebesata, Walk. . . . Shanghai p. 41, PI. LII. f. 1. 

zachera, Butl Yokohama p. 45, PL LII. f. 2. 

maligna, Butl Yokohama p. 45, PL LII. f. 3. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Xlll 



BITHIA, Walk. 
amasa, Butl. 



Yokohama p. 4n, PI. LII. f. 4. 



FIDONIIP.E. 

LOZOGRAMMA, StejjJi. 
bela, Btdl. . . 
amclia. Butl. . 

SELIDOSEMA, Hiibn. 
sordida, Butl. . 



ASPILATES, Treit. 
irradiata. Walk. . 
discriminaria, Walk. 



Yokohama 
Yokohama 



Hakodate 



Shanghai . 
Shanghai . 



p. 46, PI. LII. f. 5. 
p. 46, PI. LII. f. 6. 



p. 46, PL LII. f. 7. 



p. 47, PL LII. f. 8. 
p. 47, PL Ln. f. 9. 



ZERENID.E. 

EUCHERA, Hiihn. 
agnes, Butl. 



ABRAXAS, Leach. 

conspurcata, Butl. 
miranda, Butl. . 
placida, Butl. . . 
plurilincata. Walk. 

DEROCA, Walk. 

phasma, Butl. . . 

LOMASPILIS, Biibn. 
opis, Butl. . . . 



Japan p. 47, PL LII. f. 10. 



Yokohama p. 48, PL LII. f. 11. 

Yokohama p. 48, PL LIL f. 12. 

Hakodate p. 48, PL LIII. f. 1. 

North China p. 49, PL LIII. f. 2. 



Yokohama p. 49, PL LIII. f. 4. 

Yokohama p. 49, PI. LIII. f. 3. 



LIGIID.E. 

PACHYLIGIA, Bull. 

dolosa, Butl Yokohama 

modesta, Butl Yokohama 



. . p. 50, PL LIII. f. 5. 
. . p. 50, PL LIII. f. 6. 



HYBERNIID.E. 

HYBERNIA, Lat,: 
dira, Butl. . 



Yokohama p. 50, PL LIII. f. 



LARENTIID^E. 

LARENTIA, Dup. 
hemaua, Butl. 



Yokohama 



p. 51, PI. LIII. f. 8. 
c 



XIV 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



EUPITHECIA, Curt. 
Sophia, Bull. 
invisa, Butl. 
excisa, Butl. 
rufescens, Bail. 
proterva, BiUl. 
caliginea, Bull. 

COLLIX, Gum. 
vashti, Butl. 



Yokohama 

Hakodate . 

Yokohama 

Yokohama 

Yokohama 

Yokohama 



p. 51, PI. Lni. f. 9. 
p. 51, PI. LIII. f. 10. 
p. 62, PI. LIII. f. 11. 
p. 52, PI. LIII. f. 12. 
p. 52, PL LIV. f. 1. 
p. 52, PL LIV. f. 2. 



Hakodate 



p. 52, PL LIV. f. 3. 



LOBOPHORA, Curt. 

Julia, Butl Yokohama 

volitans, Butl Yokohama 

terranea, Butl Yokohama 

LYGRANOA, Butl. 

fusca, Butl Japan . . 

MELANTHIA, Bup. 

casta, Butl Hakodate . 

MELANIPPE, Dup. 

inquinata, Butl. . . , Japan . 

bella, Butl Japan . . 

supergressa, Butl. . . . Japan . 

hecate, Butl Yokohama 



p. 53, PL LIV. f. 4. 
p. 53, PL LIV. f. 5. 
p. 53, PL LIV. f. G. 



p. 54, PL LIV. f. 



p. 54, PL LIV. f. S. 



p. 54, PL LIV. f. 9. 
p. 55, PL LIV. f. 10. 
p. 55, PL LIV. f. 11. 
p. 55, PL LIV. f. 12. 



ANTICLEA, Steph. 

consanguinea, Butl. 



. Hakodate p. 56, PL LV. f. 1. 



COEEMIA, Ov.en. 

Lvida, Butl Yokohama 

frigida, Butl Yokohama 



CIDARIA, Treit. 

complicata, Butl 
obscura, Butl. 
melanchoUca, Butl 
serosa, Butl. 
cineraria, Butl. 
jameza, Butl. . 
tetrica, Butl. 



Yokohama 
Yokohama 
Yokohama 
Hakodate . 
Hakodate . 
Hakodate . 
Yokohama 



p- 


56, 


PL 


LV. 


f. 


2. 


p- 


56, 


PL 


LV. 


f. 


3. 


p- 


57, 


PL 


LV. 


f. 


4. 


p- 


57, 


PL 


LV. 


f. 


5. 


p- 


58, 


PL 


LV. 


f. 


6, 


p- 


58, 


PL 


LV. 


f. 


7. 


p- 


58, 


PL 


LV. 


f. 


8. 


p- 


58, 


PL 


LV. 


f. 9. 


p- 


59, 


PI 


LV. 


f. 


10 



EUBOLIID^. 

EUBOLIA, Du2i. 

niphonica, Butl. 



Yokohama 



p. 59, PL LV. f. 11. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



XV 



HYPENID^. 

HYPENA, Sclir. 

minna, But! Yokohama 

tatorhina, Butl. . . . Japan . . 

zilla, Butl Hakodate . 

squalida, Butl Yokohama 

belmda, Butl Yokohama 

GISIRA, Wall: 

sigiiata, Butl Yokohama 

HORMISA, Walk. 

plusioides, Butl. . . . Yokohama 

cramhoides, Butl. . . . Yokohama 



p. 59, PI. LV. f. 12. 
p. 60, PL LV. f. 13. 
p. 60, PI. LVI. f. 1. 
p. 60, PI. LVI. f. 2. 
p. 61, PI. LVI. f. 3. 



p. 61, PI. LVI. f. 4. 



p. 61, PI. LVI. f. 5. 
p. 62, PI. LVI. f. 6. 



HERMINIIDiE. 

HERMINIA, Latr. 

sicca, Butl Yokohama 

fumosa, Butl Yokohama 

griselda, Butl Yokohama 

innoceus, Butl Yokohama 

prj'eri, Butl Yokohama 

fentoni, Butl Yokohama 

BLEPTINA, Gueii. 

petrina, Butl Yokohama 

lignea, Butl Yokohama 

morosa, Butl Yokohama 

segi'ota, Butl Yokohama 

BOCANA, Walk. 

tristis, Butl Yokohama 

MESOPLECTRA, Butl. 

lilacina, Butl Yokohama 



p. 62, PI. LVI. f. 7. 
p. 62, PI. LVI. f. 8. 
p. 63, PI. LVI. f. 9. 
p. 63, PI. LVI. f. 10. 
p. 63, PI. LVI. f. 11. 
p. 63, PI. LVI. f. 12. 



p. 64, PI. LVI. f. 13. 
p. 64, PL LVI. f. 14. 
p. 64, PL LVI. f. 15. 
p. 65, PL LVIL f. 1. 



p. 65, PL LVII. f. 2. 



p. 65, PL LVII. f. 3. 



LOCASTRA, Walk. 
margarita, Butl. 



Yokohama 



p. 66, PL LVII. f. 4. 



EGNASIA, Walk. 

simplex, Butl. . . 
porphyrca, Butl. 
polj'bapta, Butl. 
pulcherrima, Butl. 
pusilla, Butl. . . 



Yokohama p. 66, PL LVII. f. 5. 

Yokohama p. 66, PL LVII. f. 6. 

Yokohama p. 66, PL LVII. f. 7. 

Yokohama p. 67, PL LVII. f. 8. 

Yokohama p. 67, PL LVII. f. 9. 



xvi SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 

CELEOPSYCHE, Bull. 

nitens, Euil Yokohama p. 68, PL LVII. f. 10. 

MAKMORINIA, Ouen. 

ohacxiiata, Butl. . . . Hakodate p. 68, PI. LVII. f. 11. 

amphidecta, Butl. . . . Yokohama p. 69, PL LVII. f. 12. 

AMBLYGOES, Butl. 

cinerea, Butl Yokohama p. 69, PL LYIII. f. 1. 

MARIMATHA, Walk. 

straminea, Butl. . . . Yokohama p. 70, PL LVIII. f. 2. 

PYRALID.^. 

PYLALIS, Linn. 

elachia, Butl Yokohama p. 70, PL LVIII. f. 3. 

fraterna, Butl Yokohama p. 70, PL LVIII. f. 4. 

nannodes, Butl. . . . Yokohama p. 71, PL LVIII. f. 5. 

MICROSCA, Butl. 

pallida, Butl Yokohama p. 71, PL LVIII. f. 7. 

exusta, Butl Yokohama p. 71, PL LVIII. f. 8. 

ardens, Butl Yokohama p. 71, PL LVIII. f. 9. 

AGLOSSA, Latr. 

achatina, Butl Yokohama p. 72, PL LVIII. f. 6. 

ENNYCHIID/E. 

RHODARIA, Guen. 

plaeens, Butl Yokohama p. 72, PL LVIII. f. 10. 

amata, Butl Yokohama p. 72, PL LVIII. f. 11. 

ENNYCHIA, Trcit. 

assimilis, Butl Hakodate p. 73, PL LVIII. f. 12. 

limbata, Butl Yokohama p. 73, PL LVIII. f. 13. 

astrifera, Butl Yokohama p. 73, PL LVIII. f. 14. 

DESMIA, Westiv. 

steUaris, Butl Yokohama p. 73, PL LVIII. f. 15. 

SAME A, Ouen. 

but3Tosa, Butl. . . . Yokohama p. 73, PL LIX. f. 1. 

magna, Butl Hakodate p. 74, PL LIX. f. 2. 

usitata, Butl Yokohama p. 74, PL LIX. f. 3. 

gracilis, Butl Yokohama p. 74, PL LIX. f. 4. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. xvu 

ASOPIA, Gum. 

misera, BvXl Yokohama p. 74, PI. LIX. f. 5. 

HYMENIA, Iliihn. 

tricolor, Bull Yokohama P- 75, PI. LIX. f. 0. 

HYDROCAMPID.E. 

OLIGOSTIGMA, QMhi. 

corculina, Bvil. . . . Yokohama p. 75, PI. LIX. f. 7. 

HYDROCAMPA, Latr. 

crctaeca. Bull Yokohama p. 75, PI. LIX. f. 8. 

SPILOMELID^. 

ZEBRONIA, Hubn. 

argyria, But! Hakodate p. 76, PL LIX. f. 9. 

BOTLDLDyE. 

ASTURA, Gum. 

striata, Butl Yokohama p. 76, PL LIX. f. 10. 

BOTYS, Latr. 

inornata, Butl Yokohama p. 76, PL LIX. f. 11. 

aurea, Butl Yokohama p. 76, PL LIX. f. 12. 

arbiter, Butl Yokohama p. 77, PL LIX. f. 13. 

CIRCOBOTYS, Butl. 

iiycterina, Butl. . . . Yokohama p. 77, PL LIX. f. 14. 

SCOPULA, ScJu: 

testacea, Butl Yokohama p. 77, PL LIX. f. 15. 

GALLERIID.E. 

MELISSOBLAPTES, Zell. 

tenebrosus, Butl. . . . Yokohama p. 78, PL LX. f. 1. 

CRAMBID^. 

CRAMBUS, labr. 

whitelyi, Butl Hakodate p. 78, PL LX. f. 2. 

TORTRICID^. 

PANDEMIS, mibn. 

sinapina, Butl Yokohama p. 78, PL LX. f. 3. 

d 



xviii SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 

CACOECIA, Hiibn: 

similis, Butl Yokohama p. 79, PI. LX. f. 4. 

SCIAPHILA, Treif. 

fiimida, Btitl Yokohama p. 79, PI. LX. f. 5. 

ouiH'cifera, Bufl. . . . Yokohama p. 79, PL LX. f. 6. 

PHOXOPTERYX, Treit. 

pulchra, Bull Yokohama p. 79, PL LX. f. 7. 

PENTHINA, Treit. 

cuphostra, Butl. . . . Yokohama p. SO, PL LX. f. 8. 

acharis, Butl. ... . Yokohama p. SO, PL LX. f. 9. 

CHOREUTID^. 

SIM^THIS, Leach. 

hyligenes, Butl. . . . Yokohama p. SO, PL LX. f. 10. 

HYPONOMEUTID^. 

HYPONOMEUTA, Zell. 

polysticta, Butl. . . . Yokohama p. 81, PL LX. f. 11. 

PLUTELLID^. 

CEROSTOMA, Latr. 

strigosa., Butl Yokohama p. 81, PL LX. f. 12. 

GELECHIID^. 

DEPRESSARIA, Haw. 

nomia, Butl Yokohama p. 82, PL LX. f. 13. 

(ECOPHORA, Zell. 

enopisema, Butl. . . . Yokohama p. S2, PL LX. f. 14. 

TINEID^. 

SAFRA, Walk. 

lignea, Butl. .... Yokohama p. 82, PL LX. f. 15. 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



TYPE SPECIMENS 



LEPIDOPTERA HETEROCERA. 



SPHINGIDtE. 

CHiEROCAMPA, Duponchel. 
Chserocampa siiflfusa. (Plate XLI. fig. 1.) 
Chaerocampa sufFusa, WaVar, Cat. Lcp. Htt. viii. p. 146. u. 42 (1856). 

Primaries above pearly whitisli, with stramineous costal margiu aud a broad rufous- 
brown costal border tapering to apex ; subcostal area rather dusky and limited by a very 
oblique olive-brown stripe, followed by two parallel lines of the same colour ; a tapering 
oblique rufous-brown fascia, with paler central streak, from inner margin to apex, followed by 
a stripe of the same colour parallel to the outer margin ; fringe rufous-brown ; edge of inner 
margiu white : secondaries rose-red, with black subbasal patch ; abdominal border whitish ; 
outer border pale flesh-coloured ; a submarginal blackish belt : head and thorax olivaceous, with 
whitish borders ; thorax with a broad longitudinal central stripe ; abdomen sandy reddish, 
with pale longitudinal central stripe, bounded on each side by olivaceous ; antennae white. 
Wings below ochraccous, speckled and bordered with pearly grey ; the primaries with a broad 
subbasal rosy nebula ; body below pale flesh-coloured, the palpi aud under siu'face of anterior 
legs white. Expanse of wings 3 inches 11 lines. 

Hong-Kong (Bowring). 

Chaerocampa palUcosta. (Plate XLI. fig. 2.) 

Chaerocampa pallicosta, Walker^ Cat. Lep. Het. viii. p. 145. n. 31 (1856). 

Primaries above reddish chocolate-colour, with the subcostal area at the base and the 
external third sufi'used with lilaciue ; a broad, transverse, discal, dentate-sinuate band of the 
ground-colour edged with blackish internally j costal margin stramineous, a spot at the end 

B 



2 SPHIXGID.E. 

of the cell and the greater part of the inner margin white : secondaries rusty red, with dusky 
border and white fringe : head and thorax reddish chocolate with white borders ; abdomen 
rusty reddish, with slightly grej-ish dorsal region; antennae white. Wings below brick-red, 
pale at the base, speckled with grey ; outer borders silky greyish : primaries with stramineous 
nternal area and costal border ; apes with a white dash ; a dusky discal line : secondaries 
with a discal series of dark dots : body below flesh-coloured, brick-red at the sides. Expanse 
of wings 3 inches 3 lines. 

Hong-Kong {Harrington); Silhet [Stainsforth). 

TRIPTOGON, Bremer. 

Triptogon roseipennis. (Plate XLI. fig. 3.) 

Triptogon roseipennis, Butler, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1875, p. 257. n. 49 ; Tratis. Zool. Soc. vol. ix. p. 588, 
pi. xci. fig. 6, transformations (1876). 

? . Primaries above brownish ochreous, lilacine between the dusky lines, whiclr are 
similar to those of T. gaschkewitschii ; the inner border and apical area broadly slaty grey ; 
outer margin from apex to first median branch blackish ; a black spot on the inner margin 
near external angle ; basal tuft rosy : secondaries rose-colour, becoming ochraceous at outer 
margin ; two large black snbanal spots : thorax brownish lilacine, with a broad black-brown 
central longitudinal stripe, widening behind ; abdomen brownish lilacine, darker in the middle 
than at the sides ; antennae cream-coloured. Wings below much as in the allied species, pale 
reddish brown with broad copper-brown outer borders ; two parallel indistinct lines of the 
same colour across the middle ; internal areas broadly rose-red ; primaries with whitish costal 
border ; body below purplish brown. Expanse of wings 3 inches 7 lines. 

? , Hakodate ( liniitely) ; $ , Yokohama [Jonas] . 

Triptogon complacens. (Plate XLI. fig. 4.) 

(S . Smeriuthus complacens, Walker, Cat. Le.p. Het. Supjjl. i. p. 40 (1864). 
2 . Smerinthus dyras, var. /3, Walher, Cat. Lep. Het. viii. p. 251 (1856). 

Nearly allied to the preceding species, Ijut larger, greyer, with the outer margin of the 
primaries less strongly dentated, the spot near external angle smaller, and the dusky lines 
different in direction; the secondaries altogether deeper in colour, with broadly diffused 
smoky brown outer border, and smaller black spots at anal angle ; thorax darker, with less 
distinctly defined central blackish stripe : wings below altogether darker and greyer, the 
bordei-s and lines smoky brown ; body below darker. Expanse of wings 3 inches 9 lines. 

(J, Amoy ; ?, Shanghai {Fortune); Hakodate {Whitehj) ; Yokohama {Jonas). 

Differs from T. roseipennis in the same degree as do the other species of the genus. 



ACHEEONTIA.— DILUDIA. 



ACHEEONTIA, Hiibner. 

Acherontia medusa. (Plate XLI. fig. 5.) 
Acherontia medusa, Butler. Trans. Zool. Soc. vol. ix. p. 597 (1870). 

Allied to A. styx of Northern India, but running to a greater size : primaries above 
with scarceljr a trace of longitudinal reddish streaks ; suliapical paler area less oblique, the 
intersecting transverse lines less strongly dentated : secondaries with the black bands usually 
closer together, better defined, the inner ones generally extending at least to the third median 
branch: body above darker, the skull-marking on the thorax much darker; head blacker ; 
abdomen with darker dorsal blue stripe, the transverse bands darker : primaries below with 
the outer border much more dusky ; secondaries with the outer band more dusky. Expanse 
of wings 3 inches 5 lines to 4 inches 10 lines. 

Nagasaki [Lewis) ; Yokohama [Jonas] ; Hong-Kong [Bowring) ; Shanghai, &c. 

This species and all the Asiatic forms can readily be distinguished from A. atropos by 
the absence of the black bands on the ventral surface of the abdomen. 



DILUDIA, Grote. 

Diludia discistriga. (Plate XLI. fig. 6.) 
Macrosila discistriga, WalJcer, Cat. Lep. Met. viii. p. 209 (1856). 

Brownish ash-colour : primaries with a broad angulated, dark-edged, dusky central band, 
its outer edge sinuated and followed by a sinuated brown-edged white stripe ; a longitudinal 
whitish streak just above the submedian vein, and above it across the basal area a dusky- 
bordered, whitish, angulated band ; a black-bordered apical greyish patch, with dusky centre 
and deeply notched anterior margin ; six white-bordered black spots in pairs, and followed by 
single brown spots, near the outer margin ; fringe white, spotted with brown : secondaries 
smoky brown, with ill-defined paler discal belt ; the costal area, base, an abdominal marginal 
streak, and the sinuations of the frmge whitish : body whitish at the sides, thorax with an 
interrupted black border ; abdomen with central and lateral longitudinal black stripes. Wings 
below greyish, more uniform in tint than above, with two transverse parallel lines and a 
submarginal band dusky ; body below whitish. Expanse of wings 3 inches 5 lines. 

Hong-Kong [Boivrinc/] ; North China [Cuming) ; Borneo [Low) ; Java [Horsfidd). 

The type seems to be a dwarfed specimen, unless the example from " North China " 
and those from Borneo are distinct. 



B 2 



•4 SPHINGID^.— ZYG^NID^. 

Diludia increta. (Plate XLI. fig. 7.) 
Anceryx increta, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. Suppl. i. p. 36 (18G4). 

Nearly allied to the preceding species^ but greyer, and with less sharply defined markings ; 
the black raedian streaks broader and better defined ; under surface of wings smoky brown, 
with two parallel dusky belts and a broad dusky border ; fringe white, spotted with blackish ; 
secondaries with pearly white abdominal border ; body below pure white. Expanse of wings 
4 inches 2 lines. 

Shanghai ; North China {Fortune) ; Yokohama (Jonas) . 

In the " Revision of the Sphingidse" (Trans. Zool. Soc. vol. ix. p. 61G) this species was 
erro)ieously identified, from Japanese drawings, with D. rates, and the transformations were 
figured under that name ; the specimens obtained by Mr. Jonas at Yokohama have brought 
this mistake to light. 

ZYGiENID^. 

SYNTOMIS, Ochs. 

Syntomis annetta. (Plate XLII. fig. 1.) 

S)'ntomis annetta, Butler, Jovrn. Linn. Soc, Zool. vol. sii. p. 347 (1876). 
Syntomis atereus ?, Wall-e7- (nee Cramer), Cat. Lep. Het. i. p. 128 (1854). 

Above dark brown : primaries with a small spot near the base, two large spots at the 
middle, and two large bifid spots on the disk transparent white ; secondaries with the basal 
half, excepting the costal margin, transparent white : body purplish ; antennae whitish towards 
the tips ; abdomen with a transverse basal bar and a belt round the subterminal segment, 
yellow ; anus testaceous ; anterior coxae cream-coloured. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

China {Lay ^ Bowring). 

BALAT.a:A, Walker. 
Balataea asgerioides. (Plate XLII. fig. 2.) 
Balat^a segerioides, WaR-er, Cat. Lei). Het. Suppl. i. p. 110 (1864). 

Primaries above purplish black ; an oblong spot near the base, a short subcostal dash just 
before the middle, and two bifid spots placed obliquely upon the disk golden ochraceous ; a 
steel-blue spot at base ; fringe white : secondaries greyish hyaline, with narrow blackish 
borders and black veins ; antennae steel-blue ; thorax dark metallic green ; abdomen purplish 
bhiek, with dark green margins to the segments : under surface paler, abdomen bluish. Ex- 
panse of wings 1 inch. 

North China. 



BINTHA.— SPILOSOMA. 5 

BINTHA, IJ'alker. 

Bintha gracilis. (Plate XLII. fig. 3.) 
Bintha gracilis, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. Siq^ph i. p. 127 (1804). 

Primaries above purplish brown ; a narrow longitudinal dash near the base, a second near 
the middle of the costal area, and four of unequal length placed obliquely in pairs vipon the 
disk stramineous ; base of costa bronzy green ; fringe testaceous internally and white externally, 
with a brown intervening line : secondaries greyish hyaline, with opaline reflections ; a 
moderately broad border and the veins smoky brown ; costal margin white : antennse steel- 
blue; thorax bronzy green; abdomen purplish black, with bronzy green margins to the 
segments ; tibiae and under surface of tarsi of posterior legs pearly white : under surface 
paler ; pectus bright plumbaginous (colour of galena) ; venter greenish plumbaginous, with 
lateral cream-coloured dots and anal tufts. Expanse of wings 11 lines. 

Japan {Fortune) ; Yokohama [Jonas). 

ARCTIID^E. 

PHISSAMA, Moore. 
Phissama vacillans. (Plate XLII. fig. 4.) 
Amphissa vacillans, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. iii. p. 685 (1855). 

Wings above pale greyish brown : primaries with white costal border ; three black dots 
at the end of the cell and two on the disk : secondaries semihy aline excepting at the borders ; 
the anal half of the fringe white : head and thorax white ; abdomen bright yellow, with lateral 
and dorsal rows of black dots ; anal tufts white : under surface brown, with the venter sordid 
white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 

Hong-Kong [Harrington) ; Sarawak [Wallace). 

If the species figured by Mr. Moore be a male, it is certainly distinct from A. vacillans; 
it, however, looks more like a female in the figure. 

SPILOSOMA, Stephens. 

Spilosoma sangaica. (Plate XLII. fig. 5.) 

Spilosoma sangaica. Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. Sxippl. i. p. 294 (1864). 

White ; primaries with the basal two thirds dotted with ten black dots ; an oblique black 
dash of almost confluent dots ; abdomen ochreous in the centre, with dorsal and lateral series 
of black dots; palpi with black terminal joint ; coxse and femora of anterior legs ochreous, 
knees black ; tibiae and tarsi brown below ; venter cream-coloured, with lateral series of black 



6 AECTIID.i:. 

spots ; black dots on the under surface of primaries ill-defined excepting at apex. Expanse 
of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 
Shanghai. 

Walker's measurement of this species is entirely incorrect ; the " black point " on each 
side of the thorax, mentioned in his description, is due to abrasion. 

SPILARCTIA, Butler. 

This genus principally differs from Spilosoma in the greater distance between the emission 
of the first and second median branches of the primaries, the longer and more deeply fringed 
tegulje, and generally longer palpi : of the species originally associated under it, S. lativitta 
and S. flavalis of Moore might readily be separated as a distinct genus. 

Spilarctia ione. (Plate XLII. fig. 6.) 

2 . Spilarctia ione, Butler, Cist. Ent. ii. p. 41 (1875). 

Creamy white ; abdomen rosy, with dorsal and lateral blackish dots ; anal segments 
ochraceous ; antennae black : secondaries with a small black discocellular spot, a second spot 
on the discoidal interspace and two near anal angle ; frons, tips of palpi, tibiae, and tarsi black- 
brown; anterior lateral mai-gin of pectus and femora carmine; venter with a few lateral 
blackish points : primaries below with a blackish discocellular spot, a few dots near apex, an 
oblique streak from interno-median to discoidal interspace, and a nebulous longitudinal 
interno-median patch greyish brown ; secondaries with the blackish spots less defined than 
above. Expanse of wings 1 inch 10 lines. 

Hakodate {Whitehj). 

Spilarctia mollicula. (Plate XLII. fig. 7.) 
$ . Spilarctia mollicula, Butler, Ann. tj- Mag. Nat. Hist. sor. 4, vol. xx. p. 395. n. 7 (1877). 

Puiky cream-colour; primaries with a dot in the centre of the costa, a spot at the 
superior angle of the cell, and another in the discoidal interspace blackish ; secondaries with 
a spot on the upper discocellular, a second near the apex, and three near the anal angle 
blackish; margins of collar and eyes and the anterior coxae rose-red; abdomen rose- red, 
yellow at the anal extremity ; three or four dorsal black dots : wings and body below creamy 
whitish; the smaller spots indistinct. Expaiase of wings 1 inch 11 lines. 

Hakodate [IVliitehj). 

Spilarctia subcarnea. (Plate XLII. fig. 8.) 

Spilosoma subcarnea, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. iii. p. 675. n. 25 (1855). 

Primaries and thorax above cream-coloured ; secondaries white with a creamy tint, a 
blackish spot on the interno-median interspace near the outer margin ; abdomen rose-red 



EUPEEPIA.— MILTOCHEISTA. 7 

white at the base and anus, a dorsal series of black spots ; palpi externally rose-red, Tvith black 
tips ; anterior coxae and upper surface of all the femora bright red ; knees and tarsi banded 
with black : primaries below with the costal border slightly ochraceous and with a subbasal 
red diffased streak ; a black discocellular dot, two subapical dots, and an oblique series of four 
spots across the median branches black ; secondaries with a black discocellular spot, a spot 
on the discoidal interspace, and a third larger one on the interno-median interspace. Expanse 
of wings 2 inches 3 lines. 
Hong-Kong {Bowriny). 

EUPEEPIA, Ochs. 

Euprepia phaeosoma. (Plate XLII. fig. 10.) 

Euprepia phseosoma, Butler, Ann. 6( Mag. Nat. Hist. scr. 4, vol. xx. p. 395. n. 8 (1877). 

2 . General pattern and coloration of E. caja, but the white banding of the primaries 
more simple, the secondaries paler at the base, with the spots fewer and not bordered with 
yellow ; the anterior half of the collar red, with a white spot at the lateral angles ; outer 
margin of the tegulae white ; abdomen brown, with the hind margins of the segments rose-red. 
Expanse of wings 2 inches 8 lines. 
Yokohama (Junas). 

Readily distinguished from E. caja by the colour of the body. 

THANATAKCTIA, Butler. 

Thanatarctia infernalis. (Plate XLII. fig. 9.) 

Thanatarctia infernalis, Butler, Ann. 6( Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 4, vol. xx. p. 395. u. 9 (1877). 

Wings and thorax black-brown ; margins of collar, eyes, palpi, and the pectus rose-red ; 
abdomen rose-red, with a dorsal series of black spots. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 
Hakodate. 

LITHOSIID.E. 
MILTOCHEISTA, Hubner. 
Miltochrista inscripta. (Plate XLII. fig. 11.) 
$ . Sesapa inscripta, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. ii. p. 547 (1854). 

Primaries above chalky white, costal and external borders rose-coloured; three blackish 
lines across the wing, the two first transverse, subparallel, dentate-sinuate, the third oblique 
and deeply dentated ; two oblique blackish dashes just beyond the cell and seven in a regular 
curved series parallel to the outer margin ; secondaries rosy : head white, with two black spots ; 



8 LITHOSIlDiE. 

thorax white, collar and tegulae spotted with red ; a black dot on each shoulder ; abdomen 
pale greyish brown, whitish at the base ; pectus white ; venter blackish, with testaceous anal 
segments : primaries below rosy, deepest upon the borders ; the markings as above, but 
obscured bv a greyish suffusion ; secondaries as above. Expanse of wings 1 inch 2 lines. 
North China (Fortune) . 

The insect described by Walker as the male seems to be S. erubescem, but the two 
species were not associated in the cabinet and are very distinct. 

Miltochrista rhodophila. (Plate XLII. fig. 12.) 
Barsine rhodophila, Walker, Cat. Lep. Set. (S'wpjj?. i. p. 254 (1864). 

Rosy ; primaries with darker costal and external margins ; a triangular blackish patch 
intersected by rosy veins near the base, and a broad irregular belt beyond the middle 
intersected by the veins, and interrupted at the end of the cell by a rosy spot ; fringes 
yellowish ; tibiae terminating in blackish spots : body below yellow ; wings below rather paler 
than above. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Shanghai; Mongolia. 

COLLITA, Moore. 

Collita aegrota. (Plate XLII. fig. 13.) 
lithosia ^grota, Butler, Ann. <^- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 4, vol. xx. p. 307 (1877). 

Primaries above shining grey, with stramineous costa and fringe ; secondaries clear 
stramineous ; thorax grey, with stramineous head and shoulders ; abdomen stramineous, 
gi-eyish at the base : primaries below dark grey ; costa ochreous, outer border broadly clear 
stramineous ; secondaries and under surface of body stramineous ; legs black. Expanse of 
wings 1 inch 5 lines. 

llakoAa.te [fF/iitely) . 

TATARGYNA, Butler. 

Tatargyna formosa. (Plate XLIII. fig. 1.) 

Tatargyna formosa, Butler, Tram. Eat. Soc. 1877, p. 36G. n. 280. 
Deiopeia picta, var. /3, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. Suppl. i. p. 264 (1864). 

Allied to T. picta, but with the white-bordered grey bands of primaries broader, more 
oblique, and less angular ; the secondaries with four more or less interrupted costal bands ; a 
spot at the inferior angle of the cell, a second on the middle of the first median branch, and 
an irregular interrupted litura across the interno-median interspace. Expanse of wings 
2 inches 2 lines. 

South China [Seemann). 



NOLA. — L.^LIA. 9 

NOLA, Leach. 

Nola fumosa. (Plate XLIII. fig. 2.) 

Allied to N. togatuhdis of Europe : the jirimaries smoky grey, with a dusky subbasal 
transverse stripe ; a broad irregular central dusky belt, enclosing a blackish spot, on the 
discocellulai-s and a zigzag dusky submarginal line, beyond which the external area is slightly 
dusky ; outer margin dusky : secondaries paler than the primaries, immaculate : body 
grey ; the thorax darker than the head or abdomen ; under surface grey, without markings. 
Expanse of wings 10 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Nola Candida. (Plate XLIII. fig. 3.) 

Allied to N. centonaUs of Europe : silvery white, the primaries with a subbasal brown 
nebula, upon which are two or three black dots and a few metallic scales ; a nearly central 
transverse brown-edged greyish band, enclosing a white discocellular spot encircled by a black 
line and a few metallic scales ; a ^-shaped discal greyish-brown line, a few grey spots beyond 
it ; outer border greyish, bounded by black dots ; fringe greyish, white internally ; costal 
three fourths of primaries below and costal margin of secondaries brownish. Expanse of 
wings 8 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

CHALCOSIID^. 

RETINA, Walker. 
Retina costata. (Plate XLIII. fig. 7.) 
Retina costata, WaU-er, Cat. Lep. Het. ii. p. 439. n. 2 (1854). 

Black ; head and collar rosy ; shoulders pale rosy ; a rose-coloured band beginning at the 
base of costa, which it borders for two thirds of its length and then runs obliquely down- 
wards to the external angle : legs castaneous. Expanse of wings 1 inch 11 lines. 

North China {Cumin ff). 

LIPARIDiE. 

L.3;LIA, Stephens. 

Laelia sinensis. (Plate XLIII. fig. 8.) 

Leelia sinensis, Walher, Cat. Lep. Ud. iv. p. 829. n. 3 (1855). 
Leucoraa brevicornis, WaUier, I. c. vii. p. 1729 (1856). 

6 . Creamy white, abdomen brownish ; crest yellowish ; base of palpi, anterior coxse, 
under surface of legs, and antennae brownish. Expanse of wings I inch 5 lines. 
Hong-Kong {Cha7npion). 

C 



10 CHALCOSIID.E. — NOTODONTJD^. 

PANTANA, Walker. 

Pantana ampla. (Plate XLIII. fig. 9.) 
Pantana ampla, Waller, Cat. Lep. Het. iv. p. S20. n. 3 (1855). 

Primaries above testaceous, semitransparent behind ; a greyish oblique streak across the 
cell and a second towards apex ; apex dusky : secondaries white and semitransparent : 
body greyish in front, testaceous behind ; antennae blackish. Primaries below with the costal 
lialf orange to beyond the cell, with a bilobed subapical blackish patch ; apex and costal 
margin reddish brown ; internal half white : secondaries and under surface of body white. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 

Hong-Kong {Champion) ; Hainan. 



NOTODONTID.E. 

HYLOPHILA, Hiibn. 
Hylophila sylpha. (Plate XLIII. fig. 10.) 

Allied to H. prasinana : primaries above shining sap-green, crossed by two parallel white- 
bordered oblique darker lines ; costa pale sulphur-yellow, inner margin brighter sulphur- 
yellow ; fringe silvery white, spotted with red : secondaries silvery white : thorax green, 
antennae reddish ; abdomen white, with two converging tufts of yellow hair at the base : under 
surface silvery white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 Hues. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

CERURA, Sc/ira7ik. 

Cerura lanigera. (Plate XLIII. fig. IL) 

Cerura lanigera, Butler, Ann. ij- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 4, vol. xx. p. 474 (1877). 

Nearly allied to C. furcula, but the discal area of primaries clouded with grey ; the central 
band blackish, constricted in the middle, its inner edge being angulated ; the ochreous scales 
replaced by a few scattered stramineous scales ; the outer discal lunate line replaced by well- 
defined blackish lunate spots ; external area (excepting the margin) greyish in all the wings : 
body whiter, with blacker abdominal bands; under surface of wings considerably darker. 
Expanse of wings 2 inches. 
Hakodate {Whitely). 



ATTACUS. — PHEIXOLEPIA. ] 1 

SATURNIID^. 

ATTACUS, Linn. 

Attacus pryeri. (Plate XLIII. fig. 5.) 
Attacus pryeri, Butler, Proc. Zovl. Soc. 1878, p. 387. n. 18. 

Allied to A. walkeri of Felder from N. Chilian but darker than any of the speeies of 
the A. Cynthia group ; olive-brown, with paler borders and the usual submarginal lines ; the 
pale belt (bounding the dark angulated central line externally) white inwardly, pinky 
whitish and diffused outwardly, with no defined intersecting stripe as in all the allied species ; 
the maggot-like markings, basal white belts, and the apical markings of primaries as in 
A. walkeri. Expanse of wings J 5 inches 10 lines, $ 6 inches 2 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas) . 

LIMACODID^. 

DATANOIDES, Butler. 

Datanoides fasciata. (Plate XLIII. fig. 4.) 
Datanoides fasciata, Butler, Ent. Month. Mag. xiv. p. 207 (1878). 

Primaries above pale sericeous rosy bro^\Ti, with a broad central belt, widest upon costal 
margin, limited by white lines, which are followed toward the base and on the disk by 
bronze-brown belts ; outer margin wavy, with a white marginal line ; fringe brown, inter- 
sected by a black line ; two black dots, enclosed by an 8-shaped white marking, at the end of 
the cell : secondaries greyish, with pale rosy-brown outer border ; fringe whitish, black- 
spotted towards apex: body pale rosy brown; anus ferruginous, head and collar greyish. 
Under surface pale ferruginous, crossed by a dusky discal line ; secondaiies witli the intcrno- 
median area greyish. Expanse of wings I inch 5 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

PHRIXOLEPIA, Butler. 

Phrixolepia sericea. (Plate XLIII. fig. 6.) 

Phrixolepia sericea, Butler, Ami. 4' Mwj. Nat. Hist. ser. 4, \ol. xx. p. 470 (1877). 

Primaries shining ferruginous or cupreous-brown, crossed obliquely by an angulated 
white line, which, towards the inner margin, is bounded internally by a shade of deeper 
colour and externally by grey ; costal margin yellow, fringe white : secondaries shining 

c2 



1 2 CYMATOPHOEID^.— BOMBYCOID.E. 

brown, fringe white : thorax chocolate-brown ; abdomen greyish, with yellow anal tuft. Under 
surface shining whity brown ; primaries slightly greyish, with yellowish costa. Expanse of 
wings 1 inch 1 line. 



Yokohama {Jonas) 



CYMATOPHORID^. 



GONOPHORA, Bruand. 

Gonophora derasoides. (Plate XLIV. fig. 1.) 
Gonophora derasoides, Butler, Ann. 4' Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 77 (1878). 

Nearly allied to G. derasa, but greyer, the markings (particularly upon the white costal 
streak of primaries) less defined ; the reniform and other discoidal spots narrower and more 
transverse ; the area between the oblique white stripe and the zigzag lines pale stramineous, 
with darker and lunated spots upon it ; the zigzag lines wider apart, only three in number ; 
the outer border white ; the intersected semicircular marginal spots pale bulF instead of 
ferruginous ; the outer border of the secondaries white instead of yellowish. Expanse of 
wings 1 inch 8 lines. 

Hakodate {Whitely). 

BOMBYCOID,E. 

ACRONYCTA, Ochs. 

Acrouycta leucocuspis. (Plate XLIV. fig. 2.) 
Acronyeta leucocuspis, Butler, Ann. i|- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. .5, vol. i. p. 78 (1878). 

Closely allied to A. cuspis, but the primaries of a darker grey tint, and the secondaries 
white with grey veins instead of gi'cyish brown ; the discal line and external border darkest 
upon the veins ; thorax much darker ; abdomen grey to the base. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
9 lines. 

Yokohama {Jotias). 

Acronyeta increta. (Plate XLIV. fig. 3.) 
Acronyeta increta, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 78 (1S78). 

Closely allied to A. tridens, but noticeably larger, the primaiies mucli darker and 
sericeous, the fringe shorter, less distinctly black-spotted ; secondaries similar. Expanse of 
■wings 1 inch 10 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 



LEUCANIA.— DANDACA. 13 

LEUCANIID.E. 

LEUCANIA, Ochs. 

Leucania aerata. (Plate XLIV. fig. 4.) 
Leucania aerata, Butler, Ann. ^- Ma<j. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 80 (1878), 

Primaries above brassy brownish, a longitudinal streak along the median vein, and a 
subapical dash dark brown ; a spot in the cell, a discal angulated series and a marginal series 
black ; reniform spot pale yellowish ; fringe greyish externally : secondaries creamy white, 
with a feebly indicated discal series of dots and a submarginal streak dusky ; a marginal series 
of black dots : thorax reddish brown ; abdomen sordid whitish. Wings below shining cream- 
colour ; a black dot at the end of the cell, and a marginal series, largest and most continuous 
on primaries ; the apical, discoidal, and discomedian areas of primaries and a streak near the 
external angle greyish : body below whity bro^vn, becoming darker towards the head ; palpi 
and anterior coxae smoky brown. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 

Hakodate ( Whitehj) . 

ALYSIA, Guenee. 

Alysia grisea. (Plate XLIV. fig. 5.) 
Alysia grisea, Butler, Ann. S,- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 82 (1S78). 

Greyish brown, with a shining cupreous tinge : primaries above with the external two 
fifths darker than the rest of the wing, the orbicular and reniform spots also darker ; an ill- 
defined annular spot on a darker nebula near the base of the cell ; costa spotted with darker 
colour ; three white costal dots near the apex ; a patch of the ground-colour at the apex, 
bounded on the costa by a small white dash ; indications of a discal series of dark-bordered 
pale spots ; a series of black marginal lunules ; fringe pale : secondaries, with the exception 
of a broad external border, much paler than the primaries : thorax darker than the abdomen, 
head and antennae pale. Under surface pale ; an irregular greyish disco-submarginal fascia ; 
body below whity brown, the pectus dusky in front. Expanse of wings 2 inches 1 line. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

GLOTTULID.E. 

DANDACA, Walker. 

Dandaca senex. (Plate XLIV. fig. 6.) 

Dandaca senex, Butler, Ann. 4' Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 82 (1878). 

Primaries above pale bluish grey, becoming greenish upon the costa and at base ; basal 
area crossed by an ill-defined sprinkling of raised white scales ; a spot in the cell, the margins 



14 



NOCTUID^. 



of the reniform spot (which is indicated by a black litura), a sigmoidal discal stripe, a subapical 
spot and zigzag submarginal line, all of raised white scales ; a black irregular line across the 
basal area; two central slender black lines, the outer one deeply dentated ; a >-shaped black 
marking and two spots near the external angle ; costa black-spotted ; fringe white, spotted 
with brownish : secondaries sericeous greyish brown, with a broad pale-edged blackish outer 
border; fringe pale; margin black-dotted: thorax greenish grey; abdomen sericeous whitish. 
Wings below whity brown, with a broad black-edged irregular discal band ; outer border 
broadly blackish ; body below whitish. Expanse of wings 1 inch 8 lines. 
Yokohama [Jonas). 

KOCTUID^. 

AGEOTIS, Ochs. 

Agrotis illoba. (Plate XLIV. fig. 7.) 
Agrotis illoba, Butler, Ann. 4' Mar/. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 162 (1878). 

Nearly allied to A. agricola, but altogether of a duller and greyer tint ; the markings better 
defined ; a well-marked waved dentate-sinuate discal dusky line ; submarginal area bounded 
internally by a very irregular zigzag pale line ; secondaries whiter than in A. agricola ; 
thorax pearly greyish ; anal tuft testaceous: secondaries below with dusky costal and apical 
areas ; a well-defined blackish discocellular spot. Expanse of wings 1 inch 10 lines. 

Hakodate [Whitely). 

Agrotis odiosa. (Plate XLIV. fig. 8.) 
Agrotis odiosa, Butler, Ann. i^- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, %ol. i. p. 162 (1878). 

Colour and general character of the reddish form of A. saucia, but smaller, the orbicular 
and reniform spots ill-defined and red ; the secondaries shining whity brown, with no distinct 
darker border and without the blackish dots on the veins below. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
8 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

HERMONASSA, Walker. 

Hermonassa cecilia. (Plate XLIV. fig. 9.) 

Hermonassa cecLLia, Buthr, Ann. 4' Mmj. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 164 (1878). 

Upper surface chocolate-brown : primaries darker than the secondaries ; costal margin 
ferruginous ; orbicular and reniform spots and a spot below the median vein blackish, with 
ochreous margins partly edged with black ; costal and basal areas spotted with black, the 
interval between each two spots grey ; an oblique ochreous dash across the cell near the base ; 



GEAPmPHORA.— DASTCAMPA. 15 

two straight grey lines across the basal area ; two parallel arched series of greyish crescents 
partly edged with black ; a submarginal series of black dots ; fringe greyish : secondaries 
with pale grey fringe traversed by a dusky stripe : thorax tufted with testaceous ; prothorax 
^vith a blackish margin and a whitish-tipped fringe ; collar testaceous behind ; tegulse blackish, 
with grey border ; abdomen fuliginous. Under surface paler, greyer : primaries shining, with 
fulvous costa, crossed near apex by two divergent blackish liturse; margin alternately 
testaceous and black : secondaries with blackish-speckled costal area : legs banded with 
testaceous. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7-8 lines. 
Yokohama {Jonas). 



GRAPHIPHORA, Ochs. 

Graphiphora caliginea. (Plate XLIV. fig. 10.) 
Graphiphora caliginea, Butler, Ann. •^- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 1G5 (1878). 

Allied to G. sigma, but with narrower and longer wings : primaries above sepia-brown, 
with the costal area slightly greyer or redder, but not sharply defined as in G. sigma ; the 
discoidal markings less strongly defined ; the angular discal stripe less lunated in its divisions 
and more uniform in width : secondaries sordid shining white instead of brown : the thorax 
scarcely darker than the abdomen ; the head and collar whitish instead of reddish : under 
surface shining whitish ; the primaries -with a transverse discal line, twice as far from the 
margin as in G. sigma ; secondaries with the discocellular spot barely indicated and the 
discal line only visible on the costal area. Expanse of wings 1 inch 11 lines. 

Hakodate [Uliitely). 



ORTHOSIID^. 

DASYCAMPA,GMe«ee. 

Dasycampa fornax. (Plate XLIV. fig. 11.) 
Dasycampa fomax, Butler, Ann. Sc Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 168 (1878). 

Nearly allied to D. rubiginea, but slightly larger, altogether redder ; the lines and dots 
on the primaries less sharply defined, greyer ; secondaries paler greyish, with distinctly rosy 
borders ; abdomen pale at the base, otherwise rosy : primaries below redder, without the 
black discocellular spots or greyish nebula, the other markings ill-defined; secondaries 
redder, the discal line more irregular and less defined : body below altogether redder, 
especially in front. Expanse of wings 1 inch 6 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 



IQ HADENID^. 



HADENID.E. 



PHLOGOPHORA, Ochs. 
Phlogophora beatrix. (Plate XLIV. fipr. 12.) 
Phlogophora beatrix, Butler, Ann. 4- Mag. Kat. Ulst. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 193 (1878). 

Closely allied to P. iris, larger ; more stramineous ; the wings broader in proportion ; 
primaries with the darker markings more olivaceous ; outer border not reddish ; the margin 
distinctly dentate-sinuate ; the fringe tawny ; a marginal series of black lunules ; the discal 
streaks nearest to the margin slender and dentate-sinuate ; the two inner discal lines more 
slender, wider apart, and less angular ; the central patch with convex (not angular) front 
margin ; the discoidal spots less oblique ; the secondaries clearer, yellower, the lines on the 
disk abbreviated and fainter : under surface clear stramineous, with an abbreviated discal line 
halfway between the cell and apex; fringe of primaries tipped with blackish. Expanse of 
wings 2 inches. 

Hakodate [HTiitely). 

APLECTOIDES, Butler. 
Aplectoides nitida. (Plate XLV. fig. 1.) 
Aplectoides nitida, Butler, Ann. 4' Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 194 (1878). 

Allied to A. condita, much larger : primaries shining silver-grey, with black lines and 
white spots ; lines towards the base nearly straight below the median vein ; orbicular spot 
small, clouded, distinctly black -bordered ; reniform spot clouded, indistinct in front, because 
immediately followed by a patch of white, through which the sinuated portion of the discal 
black line passes ; the latter succeeded by a less distinct parallel line from the costa to the 
third median branch ; exteruo-discal white limitation of the outer border much less defined 
than in A. condita, partly black-bordered ; a longitudinal black dash, just above the third 
median branch, from the reniform spot to the outer border ; fringe and apical costa brown : 
secondaries smoky brown, fringe greyish : thorax white, collar with a broad blackish band in 
front ; metathorax and tegulae crossed by two black belts ; frons black ; palpi black, whitish 
internally ; abdomen fuliginous. lender surface fuliginous, paler towards the base of the wings ; 
a dusky transverse discal stripe, angulated in primaries ; marginal line black ; apical costa 
and fringe of primaries tinted with tawny, the rest of the fringe alternately sordid white 
and blackish : legs black ; femora and tibiffi clothed with greyish hairs, tibise and tarsi banded 
with white. Expanse of wings 2 inches 1 line. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 



EUEOIS.— XYLINA. 17 

EUROIS, Hiibner. 
Eurois virens. (Plate XLV. fig. 5.) 
Eurois virens, Butler, Ann. 4" Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 194 (1878). 

Primaries bright sap-green, with the usual spots ; internal border, veins, and fringe 
brown ; costal border irrorated and spotted with black, the spots arranged in pairs, with paler 
green between them ; discoidal spots margined with whitish and black, the reniform spot 
varied with red, deeply excised in front, the inner spot quadrate ; two black lunules below the 
last-mentioned spot and crossing the interno-median area ; an angular discal series of black- 
edged pale green lunules ; a submarginal series of black and green spots ; the area between 
the two series olivaceous ; a marginal series of conical black spots ; fringe pinky white at the 
base : secondaries grey, becoming smoky browu towards the outer margin ; fringe piu-e white : 
head, collar, and tcguhe sap-green, black-spotted ; rest of the body greyish, with testaceous 
anal tuft : under surface greyish brown ; wings sericeous, with a dark transverse discal stripe ; 
primaries with pale-yellowish costa ; internal area silvery grey ; secondaries with white fringe. 
Expanse of wings 2 inches 4 lines. 

Hakodate [Whitdy). 

HADENA, Treit. 

Hadena lucia. (Plate XLV. fig. 2.) 
Hadena lucia, Butler, Ann. Sf Mac/. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 195 (1878). 

Allied to H. atripUcis, but the primaries above with an abbreviated white band from the 
costa to the middle of the interno-median interspace (instead of the bifid white spot at the 
base of the first median branch) ; greenish markings paler and clearer ; apical border white ; 
the black marginal spots less distinct from the brown fringe-spots ; the other dark markings 
less sharply defined ; secondaries more sericeous, with the basal half decidedly paler ; abdomen 
paler. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 1 lines. 

Hakodate {Whitely). 

XYLINID^. 

XYLINA, Ochs. 

Xylina arctipennis. (Plate XLV. fig. 3.) 

Xylina arctipennis, Bittler, Ann. ^- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 198 (1878). 

Primaries silvery grey : the base, a central irregular black-edged band, a transverse discal 
stripe, and the outer border rather paler and gi'eyer than the rest of the wing ; a basal dot, a 
second at the inferior angle of the cell, a disco-submarginal series, a series of marginal liturae, 



18 XILLS'ID^E. 

and a short oblique apical line black ; fringe intersected by a slightly darker line : secondaries 
shining sordid white, with a broad pale broivn external border ; fringe white ; thorax greyish 
brown, antennse ferruginous ; abdomen paler, whitish at the base and with a black dorsal tuft : 
primaries below pale shining brown, becoming whitish towards the inner margin ; costa 
beyond the cell dotted with black and whitish ; secondaries silvery white, with a whity- brown 
costal spot and a discal stripe of the same colour; pectus creamy white, changing in front to 
smoky brown; venter testaceous. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 
Yokohama [Jonas] . 



LITHOPHANE, Hiibner. 

Lithophaae saga. (Plate XLV. fig. 9.) 
Lithophane saga, Butler, Ann. if Mag. Kat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 198 (1878). 

Primaries grey, with numerous black and brown dashes, four in the centre of the costa 
oblique, two neai' external angle also oblique, but slanting upwards, the remainder longitu- 
dinal ; a dusky oblique streak from the outer margin near the apex to the external third of 
the inner margin; reniform spot barely perceptible ; an acutely undulated oblique discal line, 
arched towards the costa, the external undulations partly filled in by black spots : secondaries 
with the basal half sordid white, crossed by brown veins ; external half occupied by a very 
broad smoky -brown border, upon which the veins look black; fringe sordid Mhite : head grey, 
with black spots behind the eyes ; collar brown, with a central transverse black-edged grey 
belt ; thorax grey, with a brown streak on each side ; abdomen whity brown, with dark 
dorsal tufts. Primaries below smoky brown, the basal area and apical border pale ; secondaries 
white, the costal area and outer margin sordid; a broad brown external band, a black spot 
at the end of the cell, and a discal series of black dots on the veins ; pectus pale greyish ; 
venter sordid white. Expanse of wings 2 inches 4 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

CUCULLIA, Ochs. 
Cucullia fraterna. (Plate XLV. fig. 10.) 
Cucullia fraterna, Butler, Ann. Sf Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 198 (1878). 

Nearly allied to C. lucifuga, but the primaries duller, with the spot in the cell black, 
compressed and elongated ; secondaries pure white (with the veins and outer border brown, 
and the costal area brownish, as in C. lucifuga) . Expanse of wings 2 inches 1 line. 

Hakodate [Whitely). 



HELIOTHIS. — ACONTIA. I'J 

HELIOTHIDiE. 

HELIOTHIS, Guenee. 

Heliothis adaucta. (Plate XLV. fig. 4.) 
Heliothis adaucta, Butler, Ann. 4' ^cig- Afl*. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 199 (1878). 

Closely allied to H. dipsacea, but much larger, the primaries and thorax of a more sandy 
whitish tint, with the markings rather darker ; the secondaries whiter, with blacker markings, 
the spot closing the cell broader: body less reddish in tint; under surface with all the 
markings much more distinct. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5-6 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas) ; Hakodate {iVhitely). 



H^MEROSIID^. 

ARIOLA, Walker. 
Ariola pulchra. (Plate XLV. fig. 6.) 

Primaries cupreous brown, crossed from base to outer Ijorder by four slaty-grey streaks ; 
outer border also slaty grey, bounded on both sides by small black dots ; fringe rather more 
golden than the groimd-colour of the wings : secondaries smoky brown, with whitish costal 
area ; fringe whity brown, traversed by a darker brown line : head, collar, and thorax 
cupreous brown, the centre of the vertex yellowish ; tegulse slaty grey ; abdomen smoky 
brown. Under surface of wings greyish brown, with pale costal and external borders, fulvous 
in the primaries, testaceous in the secondaries : body below testaceous. Expanse of wings 
11 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

ACONTIID^E. 

ACONTIA, Ochs. 

Acontia biplagiata. (Plate XLV. fig. 7.) 

Acontia biplaga, Wall-er {nee Guenee), Cat. Lep. Het. xii. p. 795. n. 34 (1857). 
Acontia biplagiata, Wall-er, I. c. Sup2)l. iii. p. 781 (1865). 

Silvery white : primaries above with an oblique golden brown band from the basal two 
fifths of the costal margin to just below the median vein, where it meets a large nebulous 
triangular fuliginous patch, the base of which is upon the outer margin ; reniform spot out- 
lined in dark brown ; apex and two or three confused lines on the margin and fringe smoky 

D 2 



20 ACONTIID.E. — EEASTEIID^. 

brown ; a large cupreous patch across tlie apical area, in shape nearly semicircular ; a slender 
interrupted blackish sixbmarginal line, the first and fifth divisions of which are expanded into 
small black spots: secondaries tinted with creamy yellowish; a submarginal grey stripe. 
Under surface shining cream-colour ; primaries with a trace of the reniform spot and with a 
marginal row of black dots ; otherwise immaculate. Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 
North China {Fortune) ; Nankow Pass [Swinhoe] . 

Acontia bimacula. (Plate XLV. fig. 8.) 
Acontia bimacula, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. xii. p. 796. n. 38 (1857). 

Silvery white : primaries above with the costal and external borders slightly yellowish ; 
four black costal dots at regular intervals between the base and the end of the cell and 
followed by an abbreviated forked stripe of almost a y shape, from either side of which to the 
inner margin run two testaceous discal streaks, wavy and indistinct, and between them a 
series of small blackish dots ; a submarginal black line, cut into short pieces by the white 
veins ; a pale ochraceous or dead golden line : secondaries with slightly yellowish fringe ; a few 
minute black dots on the margin ; crest of the frons dark brown. Primaries below with two or 
three brown costal dots beyond the middle ; secondaries with two or three black dots as above ; 
no other markings. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 

Hong-Kong {Bowring) . 

Acontia maculosa. (Plate XLVI. fig. 1.) 
Acontia maculosa, Wallcer, Cat. Lep. HH. xii. p. 795. n. 35 (1857). 

Primaries above white, spotted with olive-green ; discoidal spots purplish, with white 
centres ; a broad oblique undulating purplish-brown discal belt, dilated towards the inner 
margin ; a sei-ies of seven marginal black dots, the third, fourth, and seventh larger than the 
others and followed on the fringe by dusky spots ; fringe at apex dusky : secondaries shining 
pearly pale brown, -with dusky border ; fringe testaceous, with its external two thirds dusky 
from the second median branch to the apex : body white, tegulae and abdomen banded with 
pale fuliginous : under surface pale shining stramineous, primaries clouded with blackish ; 
fringe white, black-spotted. Expanse of wings 10 lines. 

China {Harrington). 

ERASTRIID^. 

Erastria stygia. (Plate XLVI. fig. 2.) 
Erastria stygia, Butler, Ann. S,- Mag. Xat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i.p. 199 (1878). 

d . Allied to E. fuscula -. primaries black, with darker bands and lines as in E. fuscula, 



CALLOPISTEIA. 21 

the orbicular and reniform spots more or less strongly outlined in white; costa white-spotted, 
most strongly beyond the middle ; a more or less well-marked squamose patch of yellowish 
scales just beyond the reniform spot; a transverse bracket-like white line followed by a 
yellowish streak near the external angle ; a 3-shaped pale line, bordered outwardly with deep 
black, near the base ; fringe of all the wings white-spotted and with basal and central pale 
lines : secondaries shining greyish brown. Wings below much as in E. fuscula, but darker. 
Expanse of Avings 1 inch 1 line. 
Yokohama (Jonas). 



ERIOPID^. 

CALLOPISTRIA, Hiibner. 

Callopistria obsctira. (Plate XLVI. fig. 3.) 

Callopistria obscura, Butler, Ann. Sj- Mag. Nat. Eist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 200 (1878). 

Allied to C. pteridis, but the ground-colour of the primaries sepia-brown, more or less 
irrorated with tawny, the transverse lines wider apart and bordered by sericeous grey (not 
rosy lilaciue) , the veins whiter, the marginal spots narrower and blackish ; secondaries rather 
paler than the primaries, with whitish costa and outer border ; body altogether duller and 
greyer than in C. pteridis : primaries below grey, with sandy whitish borders ; secondaries 
sericeous whitish, with greyish subapical spot, discal line, and discocellular spot ; body below 
sandy whitish. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 
• Hakodate {IVhitely) ; Yokohama [Jonas). 

Callopistria asthiops. (Plate XLVI. fig. 4.) 
Callopistria sethiops, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat Ilist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 200 (1878). 

Allied to C. exotica, but the primaries almost black, crossed by silvery white lines, the 
oblique white-edged dash at the end of the cell tapering downwards to a point and almost 
uniting with the interno-median band, which is oblique, the band across the cell also well 
marked and oblique, so that the three markings together form a y ; the white apical dash 
represented by three decreasing oblique white lines, the lowermost of which joins a ^-shaped 
white figure (replacing the lanceolate mark of C. exotica) ; outer border narrow, black witli 
white edge : secondaries silvery whitish ; the veins, an indistinct abbreviated discal line, and a 
broad diffused outer border greyish : body whitish, collar banded with black ; base of tegulte 
testaceous, anal tuft ochraceous. Wings below silvery whitish ; primaries with the discoidal 
area and two white-bordered discal streaks greyish ; secondaries with the discoeellulars and 
two apical streaks parallel to the outer margin greyish brown ; body whitish. Expanse of 
wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 



22 PLACODID^. — PLUSIID-E. 

PLACODID^E. 

SCEDOPLA, Butler. 
Scedopla regalis. (Plate XLVI. fig. 5.) 
xScedopla regalis, Butler, Ann. S,- Miir/. Kai. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 201 (1878). 

Primaries with the hasal two thirds dark brown, shot ^^ itli purple, external third of a 
deep sandy yellowish colour ; a hroad subcentral transverse band indicated by marginal 
sinuated limiting black lines ; a black discocellular litura ; disk slightly darker than the outer 
border, its limit barely visible excepting at costa, sinuated ; a submarginal series of minute 
black dots : secondaries stone-brown ; costa white ; outer margin and fringe sandy whitish ; 
a series of dusky marginal litm-se : body brown, abdomen greyish. Under surface sandy 
vellowish ; wings with a grey discal line ; primaries greyish, excepting at the borders. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

PLUSIID^. 

PLUSIA. Ocfis. 
Plusia Jessica. (Plate XLVI. fig. 6.) 
Plusia Jessica, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 201 (1878). 

Allied to P. Ill, but the primaries darker aud more sericeous ; a brassy 7 instead of the 
central silvery markings ; the discal line rather less irregular ; the edge of the outer border 
rather more irregular, more uniform in tint ; a marginal series of pale-edged triangular black 
spots instead of the marginal lines ; secondaries greyer, without the abruptly darker border ; 
thorax darker : wings below greyer, without the pale border. Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas) . 

Plusia mikadina. (Plate XLYI. fig. 7.) 
Plusia mikadina, Butler, Ann. ^- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 202 (1878). 

Nearly allied to P. concha, but rather paler, the golden ^-shaped marking of primaries 
replaced by a larger brassy O ; the outer or discal line more deeply sinuated, aud the 
golden patch bounded by it on the inner margin of double the width ; all the golden patches 
paler, the diseoidal spots narrower and more angular : wings below much paler, the discal 
streaks wider apart, the outer one of primaries more strongly angulated. Expanse of wings 
1 inch 7 lines. 

Hakodate [Whitely) ; Yokohama [Jonas). 



DEVA.— AMPHIPYRA. 23 

DEVA, Walker. 
Deva splendida. (Plate XLVI. fig. 8.) 
Deva splendida, Bailer, Ann. cf Mar/. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 203 (1878). 

Primaries above greyish Lrowu, speckled here and there with blackj streaked with shining 
lilac ; central area ferruginous, shading into ochraceous ; external area shot with bright 
cupreous ; a bisinuated basal litura, a &-shaped marking above the median vein, a discal 
streak, the outer margin, the inner edge of the outer border at apex, and the outer border of 
the external angle lilaeiue ; a line from below the cell and an irregular discal line silver^' ; a 
bright silvery r-shaped marking at the base of the first median branch; reniform spot 
constricted, feebly outlined in lilacine : secondaries shining brown, with two darker central 
streaks ; fringe whitish-tipped ; head and collar testaceous, banded with lilac ; thorax darker, 
also banded with lilac ; abdomen greyish, whitish at base, with a lilac-tipped black and 
ochraceous dorsal tuft. Under surface not unlike that of Orcesia emarginata, but the primaries 
and the disk of secondaries darker ; these wings also with a well-marked arched discal stripe : 
legs greyish ; tarsi blackish, banded with whitish. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 

Hakodate [Whitely). 

Several species of this genus were placed by Mr. Walker under the Plusiodonta of 
Guenee, with which some Lepidopterists regard it as synonymous : it differs in the form of 
the wings and its shorter and more recurved palpi. 

The typical species of Plusiodonta have long straight palpi like Deltoids ; and the 
introduction of several species of Deva into the genus, combined with the absence of the 
typical species, has been the cause of an error in naming one of the Japanese species; 
" Platydia casta, " which resembles a Deltoid, being in reality a typical Plusiodonta. 



AMPHIPYIIID.E. 

AMPHIPYRA, Ochs. 
Amphipyra erebina. (Plate XLVI. fig. 12.) 
Amphipyra erebina, Batlcr, Ann. cj- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 287 (1878). 

Allied to ^. 7je?-^«ff, but rather smaller, more sericeous; the primaries with the inner 
zigzag stripe obscured, the outer stripe tinted with brown and not so regularly dentate-sinuate, 
the external area greyer, with the markings less distinct ; a blackish lunate subapical patch : 
secondaries dark grey instead of pale brown ; fringe and edge of margin sordid whitish. Wings 
below streaked with grey, the discal band darker and more sharply defined ; the discocellular 
spot of primaries dark brown, ill-defined, that of secondaries black ; a broad submarginal 
greyish-brown band, dift\ised internally on the primaries. Expanse of wings 2 inches 1 line. 

Yokohama (Jonas); Hakodate [Whitely). 



24 AMPHIPYEID^. — HTPOGEAMMID^. 

N^NIA, Steph. 
Naenia muscosa. (Plate XL VI. fig. 9.) 
Nsnia muscosa, Buthr, Ann. 4" Mn<j. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 290 (1878). 

Primaries sericeous greyish bro-n-n, with darker and paler markings much as in A'', tr/pica, 
l)ut with the orbicular and reniforra spots, a basal spot, a subbasal iutemo-median spot, and 
a spot near external angle pale greenish ; inner geminate line much more undulated, sub- 
marginal black-edged whitish line strongly dentated, the centre forming two ^-shaped 
characters : secondaries sericeous grey, with darker central line and outer border ; fringe 
as in N. typica : thorax pale testaceous, the collar sordid whitish at the base on each 
side, and surrounded by semicircvdar blackish lines ; abdomen greyish. Wings below pale 
sericeous whity brown, the disk greyish ; two dark grey discal lines ; marginal black liturse ; 
fringe with an interrupted central grey stripe ; secondaries whitish at the base ; a blackish 
spot at the end of the cell. Expanse of wings 1 inch 8 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

HYPOGRAMMID.E. 

GERBATHA, Walker. 

Gerbatha ypsilon. (Plate XLVII. fig. 1.) 

Grey : primaries with a lilacine tint and speckled with black ; an irregularly sinuated 
black line across the basal area ; a broad shining bronze-brown Y-shaped band across the 
wing beyond the middle, its external branch and main stem traversed by a sinuated central 
black line ; a dentate-sinuate submai-ginal dusky line with a white external border ; a mar- 
ginal series of white-edged conical black spots ; three or four white costal dots towards apex ; 
a white V-shaped marking at the infeiior extremity of the cell : secondaries bronzy brownish, 
slightly darker at outer border ; fringe whitish, with a central dusky line ; body corresponding 
in colour with the wings. Under surface sericeous, the markings for the most part obsolete ; 
secondaries with well-marked discocellular spot and angulated discal line. Expanse of wings 
1 inch 4 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas] . 

Gerbatha angusta. (Plate XLVII. fig. 2.) 

Allied to the preceding species, but the primaries darker and narrower ; forked bronzy 
band wanting ; the black lines, although similar in direction, differ in sinuation : the discoidal 
markings generally outlined clearly in white ; a white spot below the orbicular spot ; other- 
wise very similar. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Evidently much commoner than G. ypsilon. 



CATOCALA. 25 



CATOCALID^. 

CATOCALA, Ochs. 
Catocala bella. (Plate XLVI. fig. 10.) 

Catocala bella, Butler, Cist. Ent. ii. p. 242. u. 4 (1877). 

Allied to C. neogama; primaries slightly narrower, of a more slaty-gi-ey tint, with the outer 
border dusky and tinted with reddish ; secondaries with a broader black central band, a 
broader black outer border, and with the apex and fringe white instead of ochreous ; outer 
border whitish ; secondaries below with the anterior half of the bands, the apex, and fringe 
white instead of ochreous ; body below white. Expanse of wings 2 inches 6 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

Catocala praegnax. (Plate XLVI. fig. 11.) 
Catocala praegnax, WalJcer, Cat. Lep. Het. xiii. p. 1213 (1857). 

Allied to C. esther (111. Lep. Het. pi. xxxiii. fig. 9), but smaller and paler; primaries 
with the markings less defined, the whitish borders of the central lines browner ; the outer 
line without the deep indentation near the inner margin ; the annular reniform spot at the 
base of the first median interspace much larger : secondaries with the hairy brown streak 
parallel to the abdominal margin abbreviated, the fringe of the abdominal margin yellower, 
tlie central belt not reaching the abdominal margin; the external border narrower; body 
rather paler : under surface with the postmedian transverse brown belt broader. Expanse of 
wings 2 inches 3 lines. 

North China [Fortune) . 

Catocala zalmiuma. (Plate XLVII. fig. 3.) 
Catocala zalmunna, Butler, Cist. Ent. ii. p. 241. n. 1 (1877). 

Closely ailed to C. electa, but much larger, the primaries of a more silver-grey tint ; the 
reniform spot large and yellowish, the black markings finer; secondaries above more 
distinctly shot with lilacine, the angular belt with its inferior half narrower; outer border 
more narrowly white : primaries below with the white discal band narrower and more angular, 
the white border confined to the apex and fringe ; secondaries with the black band more con- 
stricted in the centre. Expanse of wings 3 inches 5 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas); Hakodate (Whitely). 



26 EEEBID^. — OMMATOPHOEIDJE. 

EREBID^. 

SYPNA, Guen. 
Sypna achatina. (Plate XLVII. fig. 7.) 
Sypna achatiua, Butler, Cist. Ent. ii. p. 245. n. 2 (1877). 

cf ? . Allied to S. picta, but -(vith the pale areas of the primaries and the whole of the 
secondaries paler, the dark lines well marked : primaries crossed in the centre by an irregular 
H-like character, formed of two white-edged, blue-speckled bands, united by a slender blue 
line just below the middle ; the anterior baud interrupted by the reniform spot, which is 
yellowish ; a white dot in the cell : secondaries with two subcentral lines, the outer one 
angulated and distinct ; outer border separated into alternately dusky and pale streaks ; other- 
wise much like S. picta. Expanse of wings, (J 2 inches, $ 2 inches 5-7 lines. 

Hahoiate {Whitely) ; Yokohama {Jonas). 

Sypna fuliginosa. (Plate XLVII. fig. 8.) 
Sypna fuliginosa, Butler, Cist. Ent. ii. p. 245. n. 4 (1S77). 

Fuliginous brown, traversed by darker and paler lines ; primaries (especially in the male) 
shot with violet ; a broad, partly black-edged, tolerably regular brown belt, slightly paler than 
the ground-colour and crossing the wing just beyond the cell ; a white dot in the cell ; reni- 
form spot streaked with testaceous internally, blackish-edged externally ; external area slightly 
paler than the ground-colour, black- edged internally; border as in the preceding species: 
secondaries (excepting the apical fringe) almost as in S. picta ; under sui'face similar. 
Expanse of wings, ^J 2 inches, ? 2 inches 5 lines. 

cJ, Yokohama {Fryer) ; ? , Hakodate {Whitely). 

OMMATOPHORID^. 

NYCTIPAO, Hiibn. 

Nyctipao laetitia. (Plate XLVII. fig. 9.) 

Nyctipao laetitia, Butler, Ann. Sf Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 291 (1878). 

Near to N. crepuscularis, but altogether duller; the white discal stripe not bordered 
with lilac ; the yellowish outer border of the arched white stripe and the difi'used obhque bars 
on the external area replaced by dull pale brown ; all the dark areas fuliginous ; the ocellus 
smaller, its anterior margin more regularly convex ; the white lunules on the disk of all the 
wings more slender and enclosing large blackish spots. Lender surface darker and duller, the 
white spots of the discal series rather larger, and the other spots smaller ; the inner arched 



HTPOPYEA.— PLrSIDIA. 27 

streak of secondaries further from the cliscal series of spots. Expanse of wings 4 inches 
5 lines. 

Hakodate [miitely) ; Yokohama {Jonas). 

HYPOPYRID.^. 

HYPOPYRA, Gum. 
Hypopyra extricans. (Plate XLYII. fig. 12.) 
Hypopjra extricans, WaVcer, Cat. Lep. Uet. xiv. p. 1328 (1857). 

Whity bro'svn with a feeble pink shot ; the wings crossed just before the middle by a 
smoky brown stripe, angulated in the primaries ; a dentate-sinuate dusky discal line dotted 
with black upon the veins and with a whitish external border ; a zigzag submarginal greyish 
belt with a central zigzag stripe of the ground-colour; a series of dusky spots closer to the 
outer margin : primaries with an oblique dusky line from the apex, and above it (touching the 
costal margin) an irregular whitish spot : head and collar pale ferruginous ; abdomen greyish, 
with ochraceous anus. Under surface ochreous; wings with the discocellulai's, three 
lunulated lines, and a spot in the cell of primaries smoky brown. Expanse of wings 3 inches 
2 lines. 

North China (Fortune). 

OPHIUSIDiE. 

PSIMADA, Walker. 
Psimada cineracea. (Plate XLVII. fig. 4.) 

Ashy grey, clouded with brown : primaries crossed near the base by two very irregular 
brown lines, followed upon the costa by two short brown dashes almost united into an annulus ; 
a central angulated belt limited by two dentate-sinuate lines of brown and enclosing a pale- 
edged black reniform discocellular line ; a black dot in the cell to represent the orbicular spot ; 
a marginal series of pale triangular spots edged with brown ; a large costal subapical, nearly 
triangular, piceous spot : secondaries crossed at basal two fifths by two convergent brown lines, 
and bej'ond the middle by a bisinuated brown belt, its outer edge limited by a black line with 
whitish external border ; marginal spots as in primaries. Under siu'face pale fuliginous brown ; 
primaries with the costa pale, a dusky central spot. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

EUCLIDIID^E. 

PLUSIDIA, g. n. 

Nearly allied to Euclidia, but differing in its less hairy character and its very long erect 
palpi, a prominent dorsal pencil projecting from the centre of the second segment. Type 
P. abrostohidts. e 2 



28 EUCLIDIID^.— POAPHILID^. 

Plusidia atoostoloides. (Plate XLVII. fig. 5.) 

Primaries above rosy whitish ; the base, basal half of inner margin, a broad transverse 
central belt, and a naiTOW discal belt pale olive-brown ; a large subbasal ferruginous spot, 
partly black-edged and crossed by a white line ; a fermginous apical patch, brightest externally 
and di\-ided in the centre by a partly white-edged blackish L'shaped character ; central area 
bounded on both sides by two slender parallel brown lines, the outer ones abruptly angulated 
near the costa ; a black marginal line ; fringe dusky externally ; discoidal markings outlined 
in brown : secondaries pale sericeous greyish brown, with indications of two slightly darker 
divero-ent streaks : thorax reddish, abdomen sericeous whity brown. Under surface sericeous 
whity brown ; primaries greyish excepting at the borders, with two transverse costal streaks 
breaking up the costal border ; secondaries with three parallel and nearly equidistant greyish 
stripes. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 

Hakodate (Whitely). 

POAPHILID^. 

POAPHILA, Gum. 
Poaphila mollis. (Plate XLVII. fig. 10.) 

Alied to P. sylvarum. Ashy grey : primaries with cupreous-brown outer border; two 
nearly central dai'k-brown parallel lines, slightly inciu'ved towards the costa, just inside the 
outer line a pale brownish stripe; costal margin yellowish; a marginal ferruginous line 
dotted with black ; fringe gi'ey, speckled and transversely striated with purplish : secondaries 
sericeous and brownish, fringe creamy. Under surface cream-coloured ; wings with ochreous 
borders : primaries with the central area broadly grey : secondaries with dusky discocellular 
dot ; costal area speckled with grey. Expanse of wings 1 inch 2 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

PHYLLOPHILA, Gum. 
PhyUophila cretacea. (Plate XLVII. fig. 11.) 

Primaries above sericeous chalky white, clouded with grey; an angulated interrupted 
central leaden stripe bordered vnth. white, and an oblique stripe of nearly the same colour 
near the outer margin : secondaries pale leaden grey ; fringe white towards the anal angle : 
body corresponding in general tint with the opposite wings. Under surface sericeous greyish 
brown, the primaries darker than the secondaries. Expanse of wings 1 1 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 



SELENIS. — THIOPSTCHE. 29 

THEIIMESIID.E. 

SELENIS, Gum. 
Selenis mira. (Plate XLVII. fig. 6.) 

Dull cliocolate-brown : wiugs with a dentate-sinuate submarginal line ; the outer margin, 
the veins on outer border, and some longitudinal spots on the fringe continuous -with the veins 
creamy yellomsh ; a straight line across the disk, a second line parallel to it but nearer the 
base upon the primaries, the discocellulars and costal border of these wings creamy yellow : 
head testaceous, collar yellow j margins of abdominal segments narrowly whitish. Wings 
below grey, crossed by a single straight discal whitish line, fringe as above ; primaries 
brownish up to the discal line ; body grey. Expanse o£ wings 1 inch. 

Hakodate {Whitely): 

The transverse pale lines of this species give it an aspect very distinct from that of the 
other forms of Selenis. 

URAPTERID^. 

URAPTERYX, Leacfi. 

Urapteryx veneris. (Plate XL VIII. fig. 1.) 
Frapteryx veneris, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 392 (1878). 

White : primaries crossed by three brown stripes, which converge towards the inner 
margin : a discocellular brown litm-a ; outer border narrowly brown, intersected by an orange 
line ; the transverse stripes of the female also orange at theu' inferior extremities : secondaries 
with a dot at the end of the cell and a litura across the internal area brown ; a fulvous discal 
belt, brownish at the extremities, subangulated and expanded in the middle ; two black spots 
above the caudal angle ; fringe orange, tipped with white. Under surface with the stripes 
dark brown, broken up into spots ; the secondaries with two additional brown spots beyond 
the cell. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5-6 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

ENNOMMIDxE. 

THIOPSYCHE, Butler. 

Thiopsyche pryeri. (Plate XLVIII. fig. 2.) 
Thiopsyche pryeri, Butler, Ann. Sf Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 393 (1878). 

Shining sulphuj-yellow ; outer margin of wiugs black-brown ; fringe very short, white : 



30 ENNOMMID^. 

primaries sparsely speckled with ferruginous ; base of costa ferruginous, speckled with white, 
with several black dots on the margin, followed by an irregular abbreviated oblique ferruginous 
stria; external area slightly reddish, excepting at the outer angle; two irregular white- 
speckled red-browa spots beyond the centre of the inner margin : secondaries with a discal 
series of ferruginous dots on the veins ; a red-brown costal spot : collar and palpi tinted M-ith 
ferruginous. Wings below paler, spotted and speckled with feniiginous rather more than 
above ; the primaries with a broad ferruginous abbreviated band across the apical area ; body 
whitish. Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 
Yokohama [Jonas). 



ENDEOPIA, Guen. 

Endropia mactans. (Plate XLVIII. fig. 3.) 
Endropia mactans, Butler, Ann. 6,- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 393 (1878). 

Wings above bright burnt-sienna red ; the disk almost covered by a nebulous plumba- 
ginous belt, limited internally by the outer line ; two parallel oblique lines of blackish, 
abruptly angulated in the primaries near the costal margin ; costal border of primaries 
spotted with saffron-yellow ; a dusky patch above the end of the cell ; a black dot at the end 
of the cell : head blackish, with white crest ; thorax whity brown, with the tegulse ta-\vny ; 
abdomen deep red, anus white. Under surface testaceous, clouded with grey ; the markings 
as above, all the wings with prominent black discoeellular spots. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
5 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 



DESCOREBA, Butler. 

Descoreba simplex. (Plate XLVIII. fig. 4) 
Descoreba simplex, Butler, Ann. ^ Mmj. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 394 (1878). 

Primaries pale stramineous, speckled with dark-brown scales and crossed from the apex 
to the inner margin by a dark-brown oblique line ; a blackish discoeellular dot : secondaries 
snow-white, slightly tinted with stramineous on the outer border ; body stramineous, tegulae 
clothed with long whitish hairs. Under surface creamy white, speckled with brown; a discal 
scries of black dots on the veins ; primaries with fulvous costa, markings paler than above ; 
secondaries with stramineous costa ; legs varied with brown. Expanse of wings 2 inches 
1 line. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 



BIZIA.— NIPHOXISSA. 31 

BIZIA, Walker. 

Bizia aexaria. (Plate XL VIII. fig. 5.) 

Bizia sexaria, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. xx. p. 261 (1860). 

Endropia mibuaria, Felder, Reise der Nov. Lep. v. Taf. cxxiii. fig. 31 (1875). 

Stramineous : wings above spotted with ochraceous and crossed from the end of the cell 
of primaries to the abdominal margin of secondaries by a sordid ochraceous stripe : primaries 
with ])ale costal border, the margin flecked with black-brown ; a large brown spot before the 
middle and a second beyond the cell ; a sinuous series of brown dots upon ochraceous spots 
crossing the disk ; outer border broadly ferruginous, striated with grey and spotted with 
black : secondaries with a large apical ferruginous spot streaked with grey ; fringe spotted 
with feri-uginous at the end of the veins : upper sm-face of palpi, head, and anterior legs, and 
both surfaces of the antennaj black-brown. "VVings below with the markings better defined 
than above, red-brown, the basal area speckled with blackish ; otherwise as above. Expanse 
of wings 2 inches 2 lines. 

North China [Fortune) ; Yokohama (Jonas) ; Mongolia (Swinhoe) . 

COEYPHA, Walker. 

Corypha incongruaria. (Plate XLVIII. fig. 6.) 
Corypha incongruaria, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. xx. p. 270 (1860). 

Stramineous, irrorated with ferruginous; a submarginal sinuous subconfluent series of 
dusky spots : primaries crossed by three nearly equidistant brown lines, the two inner ones 
partly suffused with bright ochreous scales, the innermost one angulated near the costa ; 
external area, from the outermost line, pale purplish brown : secondaries crossed by two 
central and slightly convergent subangulated brown lines, between which and the submarginal 
series of dusky spots the ground-colour is slightly brownish. Under surface clearer, the wings 
densely speckled with ferruginous and crossed by two ferruginous lines. Expanse of wings 
1 inch 10 lines. 

North China [Fortune). 

(ENOCHPtOMIID^. 

NIPHONISSA, Butler. 

Niphonissa arida. (Plate XLVIII. fig. 7.) 

Niphonissa arida, Butler, Ann. Sf Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 394 (1878). 

Primaries above pale sandy brown, speckled with grey; an oblique grey discal line ; a 
black-edged whitish discocellular dot ; apical half of costal margin ochreous ; fringe very 



32 BOAEaniD^. 

short, olivaceous, tipped with white : secondaries sandy yellowish, irrorated with grey ; an 
interrupted grey discal line and a grey discocellular annulus : body sandy yellowish. Under 
surface sandy whitish, irrorated with gi-ey ; markings nearly as above. Expanse of wings 
2 inches 1 line. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 



BOARMIID.E. 

BOARMIA, Treit. 
Boarmia conferenda. (Plate XLVIII. fig. 8.) 
Soarmia conferenda, Butter, Ann. 4' ^"O- -^'«*- Sist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 395 (1878). 

Nearly allied to B. consortaria, but much darker, greyer ; the discocellular spot of 
secondaries larger ; imder surface whity brown instead of creamy white, but with the same 
markings. Expanse of wings 2 inches. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

Boarmia lunifera. (Plate XLVIII. fig. 10.) 
Boarmia lunifera, Butler, Ann. S{ Mcuj. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 3i)5 (1878). 

Allied to B. roboraria, but much darker and larger, the first two blackish lines of the 
primaries less arched, but rather more irregular ; the third line well separated ; the two 
central lines of secondaries nearer together; the outer border of all the wings smoky grey, 
bounded internally by a series of well-defined blackish-bordered lunate white spots. Wings 
below grey, with blackish discal belt and discocellular spots ; the primaries with pale costa on 
which are two black spots, at the commencement of two series of grey spots which cross the 
wings ; apex of primaries white ; body below grey. Expanse of wings 2 inches 7 hues. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

Boarmia displicens. (Plate XLVIII. fig. 11.) 
Boarmia displicens, Butler, Ann. 4' Mag. JS'at. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 395 (1878). 

Near to B. rhomboidarhi, but altogether darker, the pale spots replaced by white ; the 
three black lines of primaries placed in the male at about equal distances, the middle one not 
being confused with the outermost one; ; the two central lines of secondaries much wider 
apart. Expanse of wings 1 inch 8 lines. 

Y'^okohama (Jonas). 



BOAEMIA. 33 

Boarmia lencophaea. (Plate XLVIII. fig. 12.) 
Eoarmia leucophcea, Butler, Aiin. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 395 (1878). 

Also allied to B. rhomhoidaria, but considerably darker ; the primaries with a white spot 
just beyond the second black line and near the apex ; the black lines strongly defined ; the 
basal area and one or two ill-defined discal streaks whitish ; the central lines of secondaries 
much nearer together and more strongly defined. Under surface quite different, pale grey, 
with discocellular spots and discal belts of slightly darker grey. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
11 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

Boarmia agitata. (Plate XLVIII. fig. 9.) 
Boarmia agitata, Butler, Ann. <^- Mac/. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 396 (1878). 

Allied to B. repandaria, but half as large again, the wings (particularly the primaries) 
far more silky ; the lines grey, blurred, but the multitudinous little grey striations more 
distinct : primaries with a blackish abbreviated bar across the discocellulars, followed by a 
very irregular whitish band from costal to outer margin ; a second narrower blackish bar 
beyond the cell, being the commencement of the outer or discal line ; apex whitish ; several 
subapical white spots ; lines of secondaries nearer together, the inner one not being central. 
"Wings below pale smoky brown, with discal lines and whitish markings as above. Expanse 
of wings 2 inches 4 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Boarmia angnlifera. (Plate XLIX. fig. 1.) 
Boarmia angnlifera, Butler, Ann. 4' Mag. Nat, Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 396 (1878). 

Allied to B. repandaria, but little more than half the size, considerably darker, of a more 
sooty tint, the markings of the primaries more sharply defined, fringe much longer : primaries 
below much darker, with a pale patch beyond the cell and a pale apical spot ; discocellular 
spots strongly marked ; black marginal spots better marked ; fringe spotted with grey. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Boarmia gi-isea. (Plate XLIX. fig. 2.) 

Boarmia grisea, Butler, Ann. 4' Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 396 (1878). 

Allied to B. momaria, black lines similar to those of B. repandaria ; wings above ashy 
grey, with the basal and discal areas clouded with red-brown ; margin dotted with black ; 
primaries with a black-edged 8-shaped brown spot at the end of the cell. Under surface 



34 BOAEMIID^, 

whitish, with a grey discal belt ; the lines grey, ill-defined ; primaries with white apical spot. 
Expanse o£ wings 1 inch 8 lines. 
Yokohama (Jonas). 

Boarmia senex. (Plate XLIX. fig. 3.) 
Boarmia scnex, Butler, Ann. ^- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 396 (1878). 

Allied to B. consortaria, but whiter and with broader primaries ; the lines black and 
similar to those of B. trispinaria, excepting that tlie outer line is rather nearer to the external 
margin and more strongly dentated. Expanse of wings 2 inches. 

Yokohama {Jonas); Hakodate [TVliitehj.) 

Boarmia insolita. (Plate XLIX. fig. 5.) 
Boarmia insolita, Butler, Ann. 4' Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 397 (1878). 

Wings above silvery grey; a subbasal sandy yellowish belt, on and just beyond which 
are two interriipted transverse black lines ; a black costal oblique dash above the end of the 
cell, and a small yellow spot at base of first median branch ; an interrupted sinuated 
black line beyond the cell, followed by a sandy yellowish discal belt ; outer border broadly 
dusky, intersected by a submarginal undulated whitish line; two quadrate dusky patches 
placed angle to angle from above the second median branch to the onter margin ; a series of 
black marginal spots : secondaries with discal lines, belts, and marginal spots as in primaries. 
Under surface silvery white, with dusky discocellular spots ; primaries with the discoidal and 
apical areas faintly tinted with grey ; an ill-defined grey discal line. Expanse of wings 
1 inch 7 lines. 

Hakodate {JVhitehj). 

Boarmia repulsaria. (Plate XLIX. fig. 7.) 
Boarmia repulsaria, Wall-er, Cat. Lep. Hot. xxi. p. 37-t (1860). 

Earthy brown, with dusky annular discocellular markings and a series of dusky spots 
parallel to the outer margin and bounded externally by pale lunules ; a broad irregular central 
greyish belt, bounded by two blacldsh lines, which cross the Avings obliquely and diverge 
towards the costa of primaries ; the inner Hue of primaries inarched, the outer one of secondaries 
subangulated ; a dusky line on each side of the band parallel to and a short distance from the 
blackish lines. Wings below sordid white, with large blackish discocellular spots ; a broad 
discal belt and a broad patch connecting it with the outer margin just below apex greyish 
brown ; costal margins brownish. Expanse of wings 1 inch 8 lines. 

Hong-Kong {Chapman). 

The " slightly hyaline " character of the wings mentioned by Mr. Walker is due to the 
fact that the wings are somewhat rubbed towards the base. 



TEPHEOSIA. — HTPOCHEOMA. 35 

TEPHROSIA, Boisd. 
Tephrosia charon. (Plate XLIX. fig. 4.) 
Tephrosia charon, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. scr. 5, vol. i. p. 397 (1878). 

S . Silvery grey ; the wings erossed by three black lines, the two outer ones of the 
primaries converging towards the inner margin, and all of them bent inwards above the middle ; 
outer border slightly darker than the remainder of the wings, intersected by a wavy dusky- 
bordered white line ; thorax transversely banded with black : under surface grey ; the wings 
with a very slightly darker diseal belt. Expanse of wings 1 inch 11 lines. 

d , Hakodate ( Whitely) ; c7 ? , Yokohama [Jonas) . 

Tephrosia ignobilis. (Plate XLIX. fig. 6.) 
Tephrosia ignobiUs, Butler, Ann. ij- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 397 (1878). 

Nearly allied to T. transfixaria from East Florida, but the lines across the wings less 
oblique, the first one also not double : under surface sandy brown instead of whitish. Expanse 
of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

BYLAZORA, Walker. 

Bylazora virescens. (Plate XLIX. fig. 8.) 
Bylazora virescens, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 398 (1878). 

Primaries above pale dull sericeous sap-green, irrorated with black scales, most densely 
towards the base; costal margin black-dotted ; an oblique abbreviated line across the cell, the 
discocellulars and an oblique slightly concave subapical line blackish ; three or four subapical 
hastate blackish spots in a transverse series beyond the line ; a zigzag submarginal blackish 
liue, black-dotted externally, and connected with a series of black marginal spots by blackish 
longitudinal internervular lines : secondai-ies pale greyish brown ; discocellulars and an 
irregular diseal line dusky ; disk beyond the line striated with dusky scales ; a marginal series 
of black dots ; body corresponding in colouj- with the wings. Under surface sericeous white, 
a marginal series of black dots : primaries with sordid costal margin ; a quadrate discocellular 
blackish spot ; a blackish angular diseal stripe : secondaries with elongated blackish discocel- 
lular spot ; an ill-defined diseal stripe. Expanse of wings 1 inch 9 lines. 

Hakodate [Whitely). 

HYPOCHROMA, Guen. 

Hypochroma pryeri. (Plate XLIX. fig. 9.) 

Hypochxoma prj-eri, Butler, Ann. cj- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 398 (1878). 

Allied to H. dispensata, but ashy grey ; the two lines across the wings similar ; external 
area crossed by a zigzag white liue ; discocellular dots black ; a marginal series of black dots : 

f2 



36 BOAEMIID^.— GEOMETEID.E. 

wings below white ; a broad discal blackish belt^ with straight internal edge, produced ex- 
ternally in one or two places so as to touch the margin ; discocellular spots black ; primaries 
with greyish basal area. Expanse of wings 1 inch 8 lines. 
Yokohama (Jonas). 

Hypochroma snperans. (Plate XLIX. fig. 12.) 
Hypochroma superans, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 398 (1878). 

Testaceous, the wings, excepting at the base, greenish sericeous crossed by multitudi- 
nous short grey lines; black discocellular lines; an interrupted irregular white lunulated 
discal stripe, indistinct in secondaries ; a submarginal series of white dots ; a marginal series 
of black spots ; fringe rather long, ashy grey : primaries with black-spotted costa ; apex of 
palpi and frons black. Under surface of the wings wliite, with the base yellow ; large black 
discocellular patches ; a blackish spot in each discoidal cell, and below it a well-marked grey 
longitudinal dash; a broad blackish discal belt crossed by au interrupted white line; a series 
of black marginal spots : primaries with black-spotted costa ; external area streaked with 
blackish : body ochraceous, legs above blackish. Expanse of wings 2 inches 6 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

ELPHOS, Guen. 
Elphos latiferaria. (Plate XLIX. fig. 11.) 
Pachyodes ? latiferaria, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. sxi. p. 445 (1860). 

Whity brown, clouded and streaked with burnt sienna, densely and transversely striated 
with dark brown : primaries crossed beyond the cell by a broad angulated oblique white belt 
(from costa to outer margin), striated with dark brown and bordered with blackish; wing 
crossed by four brown stripes, the first basal, the second crossing the cell, interrupted, the 
third at the end of the cell, the fourth blackish, abbreviated, crossing the inferior portion of 
the disk; a blackish transverse subapical stripe : secondaries with pale external border, bounded 
internally by a brown stripe, a second interrupted stripe across the middle of the wing : under 
suiiace greyer, the markings less strongly defined. Expanse of wings 2 inches 1 line. 

North China [Fortune) . 

The measurement as given by Mr. Walker must be a misprint. 

GEOMETRID^. 
JODIS, Hilbn. 

Jodis claripennis. (Plate XLIX. fig. 10.) 
Jodis claripennis, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 399 (1878). 

Aspect of /. putataria, but of twice the size ; chalky white, with a faint greenish tint 



THALASSODES.— COMIB.EXA. 37 

towards the base ; a single snow-white discal line bordered internally by a pale yellowish line, 
oblique in primaries and subangulated in secondaries ; costa of primaries and antennae pale 
ochraceous; frons, palpi, and margin of eyes ferruginous; under surface of tibiae and tarsi 
ochraceous ; wings below without discal line. Expanse of wings 1 inch 6 lines. 
Yokohama [Jonas). 

THALASSODES, Guenee. 

Thalassodes marina. (Plate L. fig. 1.) 
Thalassodes marina, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 399 (1S78). 

Pale bluish green; wings shining, with irregular angulated discal line; fringe white; 
primaries with ochreous costal margin spotted with black ; crest of head and base of antennae 
white ; abdomen whitish ; under surface paler^ without markings : body below white. Expanse 
of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Yokohama [Jonas), 

THALERA, Hiibn. 

Thalera crenulata. (Plate L. fig. 2.) 
Thalera crenulata, Butler, Ann. ^- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 399 (1878). 

Pale green ; margin of the wings ferruginous ; fringe white, spotted with ferruginous at 
the terminations of the nervures; primaries with creamy costal margin; two transverse, 
irregular, parallel, shining white lines ; secondaries with one irregular white discal line : 
antenna; white ; frons, palpi, and part of the anterior legs ferruginous, remainder of legs white ; 
wings below paler, whithout white lines. Expanse of wings 11 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

COM:iB.ffiNA, Hiibn. 

Comibaena difficta. (Plate L. fig. 3.) 

Comibaena difficta, WaR-er, Cat. Lep. Het. xxii. p. 576. n. 16 (1861). 

Emerald-green ; wings with the external area broadly whitish, with green or pale brownish 
markings : primaries crossed before the middle by two convergent whitish streaks ; costal 
margin whitish, brown-speckled ; external area with very irregularly undulated white-bordered 
inner margin, interrupted near the eosta by the green ground-colour, a band of which runs 
across it to the first median branch; one or two green marginal spots; a pale rufous-brown 
bordered white spot near external angle ; a marginal interrupted blackish line ; fringe spotted 
with dark olivaceous at the terminations of the veins : secondaries with traces of an irregular 
central sap-green line ; external area limited by a very irregularly sinuated white-bordered 
golden-brown line ; a central belt of the same colour parallel to the outer margin, and traversed 
by a regularly sinuated white line ; an interrupted black marginal line ; fringe as in primaries : 



3S GEOMETEID^.— EPHTEID^. 

front and back of head Tvliite, vertex buif; antennte white, with testaceous pectinations; 
thorax and abdomen sordid whitish. Wings below white, fringe spotted as above ; primaries with 
greenish-clouded costal area and slightly yellowish costal margin ; a blackish discocellular 
dot ; secondaries with three or four brown discal dots. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 

Shanghai. 

Allied to C. bajidaria of Europe. 



TANAORHINUS, g. n. 

Allied to Geometra, but the palpi extremely long, the primaries falcate with straight outer 
margin, the secondaries rounded and entire. Type T. confuciaria. 



Tanaorhinus confuciaria. (Plate L. fig. 4.) 
Geometra confuciaria, Walker, Cat. Lej). Eet. xxii. p. 522. n. 30 (1861). 

Emerald-green ; wings with blackish discocellular dots ; primaries crossed near the base 
l]y a dentate-sinuate creamy-white line ; a broad dentate-sinuate white belt traversed by an 
undulated green line just beyond the middle; a very irregular deutated submarginal line : 
secondaries crossed by a central white belt traversed by an undulated green line ; a very 
irregular dentated line across the disk : head yellow at the sides, yellowish at the back ; 
antennae white at the base and below, with testaceous pectinations ; palpi black above, white 
bekTH' (excepting the terminal joint) ; abdomen cream-coloured. Wings below clearer green, 
with larger black discocellular spots ; a straight purplish discal stripe, and two or three spots 
ot the same colour beyond it on the secondaries ; body below white ; tibiae and tarsi above 
green, the tibiae banded with black. Expanse of wings 3 inches. 

North China (Fortune) ; Yokohama [Jonas). 



EPHYEID.E. 

ANISODES, Guenee. 

Anisodes hadassa. (Plate L. fig. 5.) 

Anisodes hadassa, Butler, Aim. S,- Marj. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 400 (1878). 

Ochraceous, wings irrorated with grey, crossed by three more or less defined crenulate 
grey lines bordered with dull lilacine (in some examples very indistinct) ; well-marked black 
discocellular spots ; a marginal series of more or less defined blackish dots : primaries with the 
costa more or less plumbaginous and transversely striated with grey : collar grey or plum- 
baginous. Under surface paler and clearer ; primai'ies always with one well-marked discal 



ASTHENA, 39 

grey stripe (some examples with two in all the wings) ; irrorations and discocellular spots 
as above. Expanse of wings, d 1 inch 2 lines, ? 1 inch 4-5 lines. 
Yokohama {Jonas). 

ACIDALIID^. 

ASTHENA, Hubn. 
Asthena nupta. (Plate L. fig. 6.) 
Asthena nupta, Butler, Ann. ij- Ma<j. Nut. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 401 (1878). 

"WTiite, minutely black-speckled ; primaries crossed by five, and secondaries by four parallel 
irregular yellowish belts, the outermost belt marginal and ill-defined : under surface with the 
belts reduced to grey lines, very indistinct on the secondaries, the cue across the cell of 
primaries obsolete ; discocellular dots black ; primaries with yellowish costal margin. 
Expanse of wings, <^ 1 inch 1 line, ? 1 inch 4 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas); Hakodate {Whitely). 

Asthena confusa. (Plate L. fig. 7.) 
Asthena confusa, Butler, Ann. (S,- Marj. Xat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 400 (1878). 

Shining white, with large black discocellular spots ; primaries crossed by six ochreous 
irregular belts at unequal distances, the three outermost crowded together ; four marginal 
black dots towards apex ; fringe slightly ochreous : secondaries crossed by four ochreous belts, 
the first crossing the cell, the others discal. Belts below brown, obsolete towards the base ; 
black spots as above; primaries with brownish discoidal area. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

Asthena corculina. (Plate L. fig. 8.) 
Asthena corculina, Butler, Ann. 4' ^tag. Sut. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 400 (1S7S). 

Snowy white, sericeous ; wings crossed by parallel irregular ochreous belts at equal 
distances, seven on the primaries (the last abbreviated), and three across the disk of 
secondaries ; discocellular spots and marginal dots black : belts below ill-defined, grey ; spots 
black but less defined, the marginal dots partly or wholly absent. Expanse of wings 9 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

Asthena superior. (Plate L. fig. 9.) 

Asthena superior, Butler, Ann. 4' Mag. Xat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 400 (1878). 

Nearly allied to the preceding, but larger, the wings sparsely and minutely black- 
speckled ; secondaries with an additional ochreous belt across the discoidal cell : wings below 



40 ACIDALIID.^. 

siiow-wbite, with a single grey discal line; diseoidal area of primaries slightly greyish. 
Expanse of wings 11 lines. 
Yokohama [Jonas). 

ACIDALIA, Treits. 

Acidalia jakima. (Plate L. fig. 10.) 
Acidalia jakima, BvtUr, Ann. S; Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 401 (1878). 

Upper surface whity brown, with rosy lilacine costal and outer borders : primaries crossed 
by three slightly wavy oblique rosy lines, the outermost of which bounds the lower half of 
the outer border ; a black discocellular dot; fringe pale tawny: secondaries crossed by two 
wavy lines, the outer one bounding the external border ; discoccUular dot and fringe as in 
primaries ; body whity brown ; back of head and collar lilacine ; anal segment slightly lilacine, 
with testaceous tenninal tuft : under surface sericeous, with two wavy discal dark grey lines ; 
a slender blackish marginal line ; primaries greyish. Expanse of wings 11 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Acidalia hauna. (Plate L. fig. 11.) 
Acidalia hanna, Butler, Ann. 4" Ma^. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 401 (1878). 

Pale brown, wings crossed by a central oblique dusky belt, on which the discocellular 
spot of secondaries is placed ; three irregular brown discal lines converging towards the costa 
of primaries ; these wings with one or two oblique basal lines ; marginal and discocellular 
dots black, collar brown : under surface whiter, the belt and lines ill-defined ; a discal series 
of black dots in addition to those of the upper surface. Expanse of wings 10 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Acidalia absconditaria. (Plate L. fig. 12.) 
Acidalia absconditaria, Wall-er, Cat. Lep. Bet. vol. xsiii. p. 757 (1861). 

Whity brown; wings indistinctly irrorated with grey; discocellular dots and a marginal 
series black ; two irregular parallel pale brownish discal lines ; outer border pale brownish, 
traversed by an undulated whity-brown line ; head arid upper surface of palpi black, antennae 
testaceous : under surface white, the primaries tinted with whity brown, particularly at 
the costal margin. Expanse of wings 11 lines. 

China [T. Laye). 

TIMANDRA, Dup. 

Timandra extremaria. (Plate LI. fig. 1.) 

Timandra extremaria, JValher, Cat. Lip. Het. sxiii. p. 801 (1861). 

Whity brown, irrorated with grey ; wings crossed from apex of primaries to abdominal 
margin of secondaries by an oblique ferruginous streak ; a discal series of black dots, diverging 



TIMANDEA. — MICE^ESCHUS. 41 

from the streak and sinuous on the primaries^ arched on secondaries, also running from apex of 
primaries to abdominal mai'giu of secondaries : under surface whiter, with better-defined grey 
irroration ; the ferruginous streak represented by an indistinct grey line upon the secondaries ; 
black dots as above ; primaries with a black discocellular dot. Expanse of wings 16 lines. 
North China [Fortune). 

Timandra comptaria. (Plate LI. fig. 2.) 
Timandra comptaria, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. xsvi. p. 1G15 (1862). 

Whity brown, irrorated with dark grey ; wings crossed from apex of primaries to abdo- 
minal margin of secondaries by an oblique dark ferruginous line ; a grey discal line diverging 
fi'ora the ferruginous one and sinuous on the primaries, angulated on the secondaries, also 
running from apex of primaries to abdominal margin of secondaries ; a slender brown marginal 
line : under surface with the irroration almost black, the oblique line dark grey, the discal 
and marginal lines black. Expanse of wings 1 inch 2 lines. 

China [T. Laye) ; Yokohama {Jonas). 

HYRIA, Stephens. 

Hyria sinicata. (Plate LI. fig. 3.) 
Hyria sinicata, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. xxii. p. 668 (1861). 

Golden yellow, with rosy lilacine borders (excepting at apex of primaries) ; the wings 
crossed by three nearly equidistant dentate-sinuate rosy lilacine lines : primaries with a 
blackish discocellular dot ; front of head brown, vertex snow-white ; prothorax and sides of 
abdomen rosy. Under surface pinkish grey, with dusky indications of the lines of the upper 
surface ; fringe yellow as above ; body wliitish. Expanse of wings 6^ lines. 

China [T. Laye). 

lIICR.ffiSCHUS, Butler. 
Michrseschiis aureus. (Plate LI. fig. 4.) 
Micraeschus aureus, Butler, Ann. 4" May. Kat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 402 (1878). 

Primaries golden straw-yellow, crossed by two slender blackish lines, the inner one con- 
cave, the outer one angulated, between them a black discocellular dot ; margin black ; fringe 
white, spotted with black at apex and below the middle : secondaries white, with brownish 
external area ; marginal line black, fringe sordid white : body straw-colour. Under surface 
white, primaries clouded with greyish brown ; discocellulars and an angulated discal stripe 
black ; costal margin black-spotted towards apex ; fringe as above : secondaries with black 
discocellular dot and blackish discal spot. Expanse of wings 8 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

G 



42 MICEONIID^. 

MICRONIID^. 

EROSIA, Guenee. 
Erosia rapha. (Plate LI. fig. 5.) 
Erosia rapha, Butler, Anti. Sf Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 403 (1878). 

Snow-white ; wings crossed near the base by a semicircular series of dark brown dots : 
primaries with a very irregular red-brown discal baud, margined and intersected by blackish 
lines and bounded externally by large subconflucnt black spots ; two subapical black dots con- 
nected with the apex by a black line ; a sigmoidal pale-brown marking near the outer margin ; 
base of costa blackish : secondaries with the external area excepting at apex broadly red- 
brown, interrupted by one or two small white spots, and internally by an angulated white- 
edged brown discal hue ; margin from the superior caudal process downwards dark brown ; a 
black dot below the inferior process : body spotted with blackish. Under surface white ; basal 
area sordid; external area, especially of primaries, varied with smoky brown. Expanse 
of mugs 11 lines. 

Hakodate [Whitely). 

Erosia azela. (Plate LI. fig. 6.) 
Erosia azela, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 403 (1878). 

Primaries above with the basal two thirds, excepting a creamy patch at centre of inner 
margin, chocolate-brown, crossed by two parallel tawny transverse lines ; external area silvery 
white, brown-speckled internally, and interrupted by a marginal series of triangular brown 
spots : secondaries with the basal half cream-coloured, bounded by a brown discal belt ; 
external area silvery white ; marginal spots as in primaries, but smaller ; fringe spotted with 
brown : head and thorax blackish ; shoulders plumbaginous ; abdomen cream-coloured. 
Under surface altogether paler, but very similar in character to the upper surface. Expanse 
of ivings 1 1 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

Erosia moza. (Plate LI. fig. 7.) 

Erosia moza, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 402 (1878). 

Shining greyish brown, reticulated with slaty grey; fringe dark brown: primaries 
crossed near the base by an arched dark brown line ; an oblique abbreviated dark brown line 
from the eosta beyond the middle ; a dark brown quadrate spot bounded externally by a black 
f"-sliaped marking on the inner margin, and a reddish-brown streak spotted with black near 
the outer margin : secondaries crossed near the base by a black line ; a black angulated and 
sinuated discal line, edged externally with white, and partly bounded internally by a tawny 



AEGTEIS.— CABEEA. 43 

belt ; a sordid ochraceous sagittate marking through the cell ; a streak of the same colour 
from the inferior caudal process to just beyond the end of the cell ; a black costal litura near 
apex ; two white-edged black dots above the inferior caudal process ; marginal line silvery 
white, edged internally with brown. Under surface whity brown, striated with blackish ; 
primaries suffused with grey. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 
Yokohama (Jonas). 

Some examples are smaller and paler than the type. 



ARGYRIS, Guen. 

Argyris indicataria. (Plate LI. fig. 8.) 
Argyris indicataria, Walker, Cut. Lep. Uct. xsiii. p. 809 (1861). 

White ; primaries slightly sordid, with small pale-edged black reniform spot, partly 
enclosed in an oblique greyish olivaceous central belt, the anterior part of which is attenuated 
and elbowed ; two dark grey costal spots placed on each side of the central belt ; a series of 
more or less lunated grey spots across the externo-discal area, and inside these an interrupted 
grey line ; an interrupted siibconfluent series of submarginal grey spots; a marginal series of 
black dots ; fringe spotted with gi'cy : secondaries crossed by two subconfluent angulated grey 
stripes, the outer one interrupted by a black discocellular dot ; a discal series of oval grey 
spots, and inside these a subconfluent dentate-sinuate grey line ; submarginal and marginal 
spots as in the primaries : front of head and abdomen greyish. Wings below white, with a 
dusky central belt and black discocellular liturae ; primaries with a dusky costal dot and a 
decreasing discal series of grey spots. Expanse of wings 1 inch 4-6 lines. 

North China {Fortu7re) ; Hakodate [IVhitely). 



CABERIDiE. 

CABERA, Treits. 

Cabera eliela. (Plate LI. fig. 9.) 

Cabera eliela, Butler, Ann. 4' Mac;. Kaf. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 403 (187S). 

Whity brown : primaries crossed by nine irregular white stripes, the fifth and sixth of 
which are convergent in the centre and form the central baud, the ninth siibmarginal and 
zigzag : secondaries crossed by five or six stripes, somewhat confused at the base, the outer- 
most one being submarginal and zigzag ; a scarcely perceptible slender blackish marginal line 

g2 



44 CABERID^.— MACAEIID.1:. 

bordered with white ; fiinge whitish. Under surface greyish ; the hnes, excepting two across 
the disk, confused and indistinct. Expanse of wings 1 inch 6 Unes. 
Yokohama {Jonas). 

COKYCIA, Dtip. 
Corycia virgo. (Plate LI. fig. 10.) 
Corycia virgo, Butler, Ann. S,- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 404 (1878). 

Silvery white ; wings with blackish dots at the terminations of the veins ; a brown dot at 
the inferior angle of each discoidal cell; antennse bright ochreous. Under surface pearly; 
legs slightly yellowish. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 
Yokohama [Jonas). 

Corycia sacra. (Plate LI. fig. 11.) 
Corycia sacra, Butler, Ann. S( May. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 404 (1878). 

Snow-white, each wing with two well-defined black discocellular spots : primaries crossed 
by two pale ochraceous stripes, the inner one angulated, the outer one zigzag ; secondaries 
crossed by one slightly undulated discal stripe ; wings below without stripes : body creamy ; 
antennae with ochracous pectinations. Expanse of wings, 6 1 inch 2 lines, 2 1 inch 4 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

THYSANOCHILUS, Butler. 

ThysanocMlus purus. (Plate LI. fig. 12.) 
ThysanochUus purus, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 404 (1878). 

Shining white ; wings speckled with dark brown, with black discocellular dots : primaries 
crossed by three ochreous stripes, the innermost and outermost being regularly zigzag, the 
central stripe less strongly zigzag ; fringe of internal border ochreous : secondaries crossed by 
two zigzag ochreous stripes : antennae with grey pectinations. Wings below with the brown 
speckling more distinct, only the discal stripe discernible. Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

MACARIIDM. 

MACARIA, Curtis. 

Macaria hebesata. (Plate LII. fig. 1.) 
Macaria hebesata, Walker, Cat. Lep. Het. xxiii. p. 931 (1861). 

Sordid white, speckled with greyish brown ; wings crossed by three nearly equidistant 



MACAEIA.— BITIIIA. 45 

slightly uudulated browa lines, the one nearest the base least distinet, the outermost line 
angulated towards the eosta of primaries ; black diseocellular dots ; a dentate-sinuate discal 
grey stripe, interrupted iu the centre, on each wing, by a black spot ; a black marginal line ; 
costal margin of primaries yellowish, speckled with brown. Wings below clouded with 
yellow, the markings reddish brown. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 
Shanghai [Fortune). 

Macaria zachera. (Plate LII. fig. 2.) 
Macaria zachera, Butler, Ann. ^- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 405 (1878). 

Sordid white, becoming pure white at outer border, speckled with black ; two central 
parallel dark brown lines on a yellowish ground, the outer one abruptly angulated and forked 
towards the eosta of primaries, the fork filled in with ochraceous ; a slender undulated marginal 
blackish line ; fringe cream-coloured ; diseocellular spots black : primaries crossed by an 
angulated dark brown line near the base : body greyish. Wings below brighter than above, 
but very similar in marking. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5 lines, 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

Macaria maligna. (Plate LII. fig. 3.) 

Macaria maligna, Butler, Ann. 4' Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 405 (1878). 

Pattern of the preceding species, but the ground-colour above slaty grey : below sandy 
yellow, with broad tawny external area ; markings as above. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 
Yokohama (Jonas). 

BITHIA, Walker. 

Bithia amasa. (Plate LII. fig. 4.) 
Bithia amasa, Butler, Ann. ^- Afng. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 405 (1878), 

Greyish testaceous, covered with brown striations ; the basal area crossed by two ill- 
defined subangulated darker stripes ; a series of blackish discal dots more or less connected 
by a very indistinct undulated line, barely perceptible on the primaries ; a discal pinky- 
brownish ii-regular belt, clouded with blackish in the primaries ; outer border paler brown ; 
fringe yellowish : primaries with yellow-dotted black costal margin, a pale testaceous apical 
patch, a series of blackish marginal spots : secondaries with whitish costal area ; a blackish 
spot near the base ; discocellulars blackish. Under surface bright testaceous, covered with 
brown striations ; large black diseocellular spots ; a nearly central ferruginous stripe ; a 
broad discal ferruginous belt; outer border clay-coloured, clouded with ferruginous : primaries 
with bright testaceous apical spot; anterior coxae bright ochreous. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
8 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 



46 FIDONIID^E. 

FIDONIID^. 

LOZOGRAMMA, Steph. 

Lozogramma bela. (Plate LII. fig. 5.) 
Lozogramma bela, Butler, Ann. ^- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 406 (1878). 

Primaries pale pinky brown, crossed just beyond the cell by a chocolate-brown line ; 
secondaries -whitish, with creamy external area, brown-speckled, crossed by a slender brown 
discal line ; body cream-coloured ; antennse with blackish pectinations : under surface cream- 
coloured, with yellowish costal borders; all the wings brown-speckled, with red-brown 
discocellular spots and grey-brown discal line. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

Lozogramma amelia. (Plate LII. fig. 6.) 
Lozogramma amelia, Butler, Ann. ^- Mag. Kat. Hist. scr. 5, vol. i. p. 406 (1878). 

Shining : primaries golden brown, crossed by three pale-edged indistinct undulated grey 
lines, the outermost one bounded externally by small ovoid plumbaginous spots, which be- 
come whitish towards the costa ; a large rounded whitish spot enclosing a black dot, and 
margined with brown, at the end of the cell ; external area slightly greyish, crossed by a 
zigzag dusky submarginal line bounded outwardly by a series of pale spots ; marginal line of 
the ground-colour with two blackish dots on each internervular division ; fringe traversed by 
a grey line : secondaries white, with sordid white fringe. Body testaceous. Under siu'face 
whity brown : primaries slightly greyish ; upper discocellular and a subangulated undulated 
discal line grey ; an oblique apical grey dash ; marginal dots as above : secondaries with 
blackish discocellular dot and two subangulated discal series, the inner series very indistinctly 
connected by a pale Hue ; marginal dots as in primaries. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

SELIDOSEMA, Hiibn. 

Selidosema sordida. (Plate LII. fig. 7.) 
Selidosema sordida, Butltr, Ann. 6,- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 406 (1878;. 

Sordid white : primaries with pale fuliginous borders ; three greyish-brown costal spots, 
the third slender and transverse ; outer border irregularly bisinuated internally, with a 
greyish patch just above the middle and a second at external angle ; a marginal series of 
black spots : secondaries with the basal area greyish ; a broad central dark grev ano-ulated 
belt, bounded externally by a series of black spots ; a black discocellular spot on the belt ; 



ASPILATES.— EUCHERA. 47 

several greyish-brown costal spots, and an imperfect series along the outer margin ; a discal 
spot beyond the cell and a streak near the anal angle tawny. Body pale brown ; pectinations 
of antennae blackish. Under surface whity brown ; wings mottled with grey, with blackish 
discocellular dots : primaries with a central costal spot and discal arched streak grey. Expanse 
of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 
Hakodate (IVJiitely). 

ASPILATES, Treit. 

Aspilates irradiata. (Plate LII. fig. 8.) 
Aspilates ? irradiata, Wallcer, Cat. Lep. Het. xxiv. p. 1072 (1862). 

Brownish grey, wings crossed by a whitish-bordered dark -brown discal line ; secondaries 
rather paler than the primaries and covered with short dark brown striations : under surface 
cream-coloured, wings speckled all over with pale greyish brown : primaries crossed by a 
greyish discal belt, secondaries by a greyish line. Expanse o£ wings 1 inch 3 lines. 

Shanghai. 

Aspilates discriminaria. (Plate LII. fig. 9.) 
Aspilates discriminaria, Wallcer, Cat. Lep. Het. xxiv. p. 1073 (1862). 

Stramineous : wings with dusky discocellular dots, a marginal series of dark brown dots ; 
primaries crossed by two regular ferruginous lines, secondaries by one discal line : body much 
darker than the wings, almost orange ; antennae white with greyish pectinations : wings 
below sparsely irrorated with grey. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Shanghai. 



ZERENID^. 

EUCHERA, Hdbn. 

Euchera agnes. (Plate LII. fig. 10.) 

Euchera agnes, Butler, Ann. ^J- Maj. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 4-11 (1878). 

"Wings white, with broad smoky-grey outer border, crossed by a more or less confluent 
series of white or whitish lunules parallel to the outer margin : primaries sometimes with 
very indistinct lunules ; base and a subcostal streak ochreous ; basal area covered by about 
ten grey spots in three series ; a central broad belt, externally angulated, composed of grey 
blotches : secondaries with a grey belt almost surrounding the discoidal cell : body ochreous. 
Wings below white, the markings almost as above, but blackish and narrower ; white lunules 
confluent and well-defined on all the wings, blackish discocellular spots : primaries only 



48 ZEEEXIDiE. 

ochreous on tlie costal border, the basal area only marked with one large blackish blotch : 
body below white ; abdomen belted with grey. Expanse of wings 2 inches 6-8 lines. 
Yokohama (Jonas) ; Hakodate {ffliitely). 

ABRAXAS, Leach. 

Abraxas conspurcata. (Plate LII. fig. 11.) 
Abraxas conspurcata, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol i. p. 440 (1878). 

Like heavily spotted varieties of A. grossulariata, but differing in that the two discal 
series of black blotches are complete in the secondaries as well as in the primaries and are 
nearer to the outer margin; also in the broadly black basal area of the secondaries. Expanse 
of wings 1 inch 7 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Abraxas miranda. (Plate LII. fig. 12.) 
Abraxas miranda, Butler, Ann. (Sf Mag. Nut. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 441 (1878). 

Allied to A. leopardinata from India, but larger ; the primaries with broader and darker 
basal and internal patches ; the costa blotched with grey throughout, the patch over the end 
of the cell much larger and confluent with the costal patch ; the transverse grey belt below it 
placed nearer to the middle of the wing and, in the female, touching the dark internal patch ; 
two confused parallel discal series of grey blotches ; a number of small grey spots forming two 
imperfect j)arallel series on the externo-discal area : the secondaries vnth. a complete grey belt 
across the cell ; two somewhat confused discal series of grey blotches terminating in the usvial 
dark internal patch ; external area spotted with grey ; marginal blotches partially confluent : 
body similar. Expanse of wings, 6 2 inches, ? 2 inches 4 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Abraxas placida. (Plate LIII. fig. 1.) 
Abraxas placida, Butler, Ann. ^- Marj. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 441 (1878). 

White, with ochraceous body ; wings with ochreous outer border and black-spotted orange 
fringe ; an exteruo-discal series of black spots, imperfect in secondaries ; base ochraceous, 
spotted with black ; primaries with three subbasal blackish spots ; an irregular central band 
formed of blackish blotches ; two black costal spots near apex : secondaries with a central 
irregular band formed of blackish lines ; shoulders and palpi blackish. Wings below nearly as 
above. Expanse of wings 1 inch .T lines. 

Hakodate [Whitely). 



ABEAXAS.— LOMASPILIS. 49 

Abraxas plurilineata. (Plate LIII. fig. 2.) 

Abraxas plurilineata, WaU-ei-, Cat. Lep. Hit. xxiv. p. 1123 (1862). 

Primaries white, base yellowish ; the basal half crossed by eight oblique dark brown 
stripes ; three transverse brown stripes just beyond the middle, two across the disk, a third 
abbreviated towards the apex, and one submai'ginal ; a marginal dark brown line : secondaries 
yellowish, especially towards the anal angle ; basal area greyish ; four ill-defined abbreviated 
dark brown central lines arranged in pairs ; a dark brown abbreviated belt from the apex to 
the third median branch and a spot on the second median interspace ; two marginal dark 
brown dots near the anal angle: head white, spotted with black; thorax white, striped with 
black ; abdomen yellow, with lateral black dots. Primaries below nearly as above : secondaries 
with a blackish subcostal spot near the base, a central dark brown line followed immediately 
by two others ; two discal stripes not reaching the abdominal margin ; a small apical spot or 
dash and a submarginal dot close to it, all dark brown ; venter white, with two longitudinal 
sti-ipes of black ; legs cream-coloui'ed, tibije blackish at each end. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
2 lines. 

North China (Fortune). 

Allied to A. junctilineata, but resembling the genus Pi/rcnarmon among the Pyrales. 

DEROCA, Walker. 
Deroca phasma. (Plate LIII. fig. 4.) 
Deroca phasma, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 442 (1878). 

S . Hyaline, snow-white : primaries with three grey spots across the basal half of the costa, 
a fourth above the end of the cell, and a larger spot at the end of the cell ; a large grey apical 
patch crossed by a trifid white patch, and a similar smaller patch at the external angle : 
antenuEe with grey pectinations ; abdomen grey, crossed by white segmental lines. Wings 
below nearly as above, but the grey markings darker and the costal spots on the basal half 
confluent ; body below cream-coloured. Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

$ . Larger, iridescent, with paler markings. Expanse of wings 1 inch 6 lines. 
Yokohama {Jonas). 

LOMASPILIS, Hdbn. 

Lomaspilis opis. (Plate LIII. fig. 3.) 

Lomaspilis opis, Butler, Ann. cf* Ma(j. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 442 (1878). 

Wings creamy white : primaries with the basal fourth, three large blotches across the 
centre (the two uppermost confluent), the apex, outer margin, and external angle pale purplish 
brown : secondaries with three blotches across the centre, the apex, a subapical marginal spot, 

H 



50 LIGIID^. — HTBER]NIID^. 

outer margin, and anal angle pale purplish brown. Body brown, legs testaceous. Expanse 
of wings 1 inch 1 line. 
Yokohama. 

Nearly allied to the European L. marginata, but differing in the blotches across the centre 
of the wings. 

LIGIID^. 

PACHYLIGIA, Butler. 
Pachyligia dolosa. (Plate LIII. fig. 5.) 
Pachyligia dolosa, Butler, Ann. 4' Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 442 (1878). 

Primaries smoky brown, varied with bronzy brown ; base longitudinally streaked with 
black ; two irregularly sinuated central black lines, and between them an irregular blackish 
stripe ; upper discocellular black ; outer border bronzy, with undulated inner edge ; a sub- 
mai'ginal series of dark brown spots ; margin undulated ; fringe pale at base : secondaries 
sordid white, with pinky brown outer border and darker brown fringe ; upper discocellular 
black: head and thorax brown ; abdomen testaceous ; antennse testaceous. Primaries below 
greyish, with testaceous eosta ; outer border slightly paler ; a black discocellular dot : 
secondaries whity brown, with testaceous costa ; fringe and an anal streak dusky ; a large 
black discocellular spot. Expanse of wings 1 inch 11 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

Pachyligia modesta. (Plate LIII. fig. 6.) 
Pachyligia modesta, BiUler, Ann. 6[ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 443 (1S78). 

Primaries silvery whitish, crossed by two slender irregularly dentate aud crinkled blackish 
lines ; a third paler line limiting the outer border : secondaries slightly browner in tint than 
the primaries, crossed in the middle by an irregularly sinuated grey line ; margin slenderly 
blackish ; fringe silvery whitish : head aud thorax grey ; antennje with brown pectinations ; 
abdomen testaceous. Under surface pale whity brown : wings with the costal borders 
testaceous ; each wing with a dentate-sinuate grey discal line and a blackish marginal line. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 9 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

HYBERNIID^. 

HYBERNIA, Latr. 
Hybernia dira. (Plate LIII. fig. 7.) 
Hyberiiia dira, Butler, Aim. cf- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 443 (1878). 

Primaries smoky brown, streaked here and there with tawny ; a central irregular black- 



LAEENTIA.— EUPITHECIA. 51 

edged and speckled pale greyish belt, concave internally, unequally bisiuuated externally ; base 
greyish ; outer border pale, bordered internally by an irregularly sinuated white line ; a series 
of black marginal spots ; fi'inge white, grey-speckled at base : secondaries pale greyish, speckled 
with grey, streaked with blackish on the abdominal area at anal angle; a black marginal line : 
body grey, black-spotted. Under surface greyish: wings with bronze-tinted borders and 
blackish discocellular dots ; secondaries speckled with grey. Expanse of wings 1 inch 6 lines. 
Yokohama (Jonas). 

LAEEA^TIIDiE. 

LARENTIA, Dup. 
Larentia hemana. (Plate LIU. fig. 8.) 

Lareutia hemana, Butler, Ann. 4' Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. \). 444(1878). 

Closely allied to L. saJicata, but the central band of primaries of nearly twice the width, 
the wings altogether paler, and the secondaries similar in marking to those of L. ccesiata. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 2 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

EUPITHECIA, Curtis. 
Eupithecia sophia. (Plate LIU. fig. 9.) 
Eupithecia sophia, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 44-1 (1878). 

Allied to E. denticulata of Europe ; sordid white, with pale greyish outer borders and 
fringes to the wings and black discocellular spots : primaries with the basal half of costa and the 
basal area blackish, crossed by irregular white lines ; remainder of the wing crossed alternately 
by grey, belts and white lines, the widest of which form an indistinct central oblique band ; all 
the lines zigzag : secondai-ies crossed by one or two indistinct greyish lines. Wings below 
whiter, shining, the markings of the primaries only visible through the wings, excepting upon 
the costal border. Expanse of wings 9 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Eupithecia invisa. (Plate LIU. fig. 10.) 
Eupithecia invisa, Butler, Ann. cf- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 444 (1878). 

Pale silky greyish ; external area of wings crossed by five slightly irregular parallel grey 
lines, most distinct on the primaries, the two inner lines dotted with black upon the nci'vures ; 
discocellular spots black: primaries with the costa dusky, crossed by dark spots ; a very ill - 
defined oblique belt across the centre of the wing, but scarcely darker than the ground-colour. 
Under surface whitish ; the discal lines indicated by a series of dusky spots, two at costa of 
primaries blackish ; discocellular spots black. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Hakodate [Whitely). 

h2 



52 LARENTIID^. 

Eupithecia excisa. (Plate LIU. fig. 11.) 
Eupithecia excisa, Butler, Ann. ^ Marj. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 445 (1878). 

Nearly allied to E. succenturiata of Europe, but differing in its smaller size, grever 
primaries, and in the front margin of the central belt of primaries being deeply and angularly 
notched beyond the discoidal cell. Expanse of wings 11 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

Eupithecia rufescens. (Plate LIII. fig. 12.) 
Eupithecia rufescens, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 445 (1878). 

Apparently allied to E. satyrata of Europe, but much larger and with considerably 
longer palpi; an oblique subbasal belt and the external area of the primaries laky brown ; a 
black marginal line enclosed in and interrupted upon the veins by a white border. Expanse 
of wings 11 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Eupithecia proterva. (Plate LIV. fig. 1.) 
Eupithecia proterva, Butler, Ann. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 445 (1878). 

Allied to E. innotata, larger ; the primaries still more produced, pale smoky grey, with 
the base, a subbasal band, an oblique whitish-edged central belt (angular, excised above the 
median vein) , and the external area blackish; a crinkled whitish submarginal line; disco- 
cellulars black : secondaries covered with parallel dusky lines, which become black upon the 
veins. Wings below grey ; the discocellulars, two diseal series of dots, and a marginal series 
black. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Eupithecia caligiuea. (Plate LIV. fig. 2.) 

Eupithecia caliginca, Butler, Ann. ^- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 445 (1878). 

Near to E. pygmmata, but the ground-colour of the wings black instead of sooty grey ; 
the crinkled lines across the primaries formed of white scales. Expanse of wings 10 lines. 
Yokohama [Jonas). 

COLLIX, Guen. 
CoUix vashti. (Plate LIV. fig. 3.) 
CoUix vashti, Butler, Ann. Sf Mag. Nat. Hist. .ser. 5, vol. i. p. 445 (1878). 

Dark fuliginous brown ; the wings crossed by from eighteen to twenty parallel undulated 
blackish or black lines, more or less dotted with white upon the nervures ; submarginal line 



LOBOPHORA. 53 

indistinctly white-edged on the primaries ; marginal line well defined and black, the sinuations 
filled by white dots on the fringe : secondaries with all the lines less distinct than on the 
primaries. Under surface sericeous, with the blackish lines ill-defined. Expanse of wings 
1 inch 2-8 lines. 

Hakodate [IVhitely). 



LOBOPHORA, Curtis. 

Lobophora Julia. (Plate LIV. fig. 4.) 
Lobophora Julia, Butler, Ann. Sf Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. -146 (1878). 

Primaries above pale purplish brown, crossed by numerous irregularly crinkled or zigzag 
blackish lines ; two pale green belts across the basal area, and a zigzag discal belt of the same 
colour, edged internally with white ; a slender zigzag submarginal white line ; a large black 
discocellular spot : secondaries pale shining grey, the disk crossed by several parallel slightly 
darker lines : abdomen banded with testaceous. Wings below pale silvery grey, with black 
discocellular dots ; a blackish macular discal line, and a zigzag pale grey submarginal line. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Lobophora volitans. (Plate LIV. fig. 5.) 
Lobophora volitaus, Butler, Ann. 4' Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 440 (1878). 

Wings white : primaries shining, more or less densely sprinkled with grey scales, and 
crossed by a basal and two central black-edged sap-green bands ; a discal sinuated black- 
edged white stripe, more or less obscured by grey scales ; outer border greenish, with a marginal 
series oi: black [—-shaped markings terminating the veins ; the veins throughout black-banded: 
secondaries with a discal line and a sinuated submarginal line pale grey ; a dark grey marginal 
line : body grey, varied with brown, and spotted here and there with black ; legs black, 
banded with white. Under surface sordid sericeous whitish; wings crossed by two greyish 
discal lines ; blackish discocellular liturse and marginal dots. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
2 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Lobophora terranea. (Plate LIV. fig. 6.) 

Lobophora terranea, Butler, Ann. 4' Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 440 (1878). 

Similar in form to the preceding, but the wings smaller and rather narrower, grey ; 
the primaries crossed by three basal, two more or less confluent central belts, and one discal 
sinuated belt; basal and apical areas suffused with red-brown; central belts red-brown with 
blackish outlines ; other belts outlined in blackish ; veins banded with blackish ; a series of 



54 LAEENTIID.^. 

marginal clots : secondaries with whitish costal area ; a submargiual pale grey line. Under 
surface sericeous grey. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 
Yokohama [Jonas). 

LYGRANOA, Butler. 
Lygi-ajioa fusca. (Plate LIV. fig. 7.) 
Lvgranoa fusca, Butler, Ann. i,- May. Nat. Eist. ser. 5, toI. i. p. 447 (1878). 

Pale brown, wings with slender blackish marginal line, followed by a yellowish line at 
the base of the fringe : primaries with dusky base ; an abbreviated black costal dash across 
the end of the cell, and a second halfway between the cell and apex ; two irregular subparallel 
brown lines running from the costal dashes across the wing to inner margin ; a subapical 
black costal spot ; fringe whitish, intersected by a grey stripe. Wings below sericeous whity 
brown ; discocellular dots and a diseal series grey : primaries with bronzy borders ; fi-inge as 
above, but more decidedly grey-spotted at the ends of the veins. Expanse of wings 11 lines 
to 1 inch 3 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas) ; Hakodate {Whitely). 



MELANTHIA, Dup. 

Melanthia casta. (Plate LIV. fig. 8.) 
MelantMa casta, Butler, Ann. ^- Marj. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 447 (1878). 

Nearly allied to M. albicillata, but larger; the markings more sharply defined and 
blackish ; the macular subapical portion of the interrupted diseal stripe bifid, not trifid, and 
therefore not united to the large costal patch ; discocellular spots black and well defined. 
Wings below with darker markings, the macular diseal stripe well defined in the secondaries 
as well as the primaries. Expanse of wings 1 inch 6 lines. 

Hakodate ( Whitely) . 

MELANIPPE, Dup. 

Melanippe inquinata. (Plate LIY. fig. 9.) 
Melanippe inquinata, Butler, Ann. S,- Mug. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 448 (1878). 

Closely allied to M. procellata of Europe, but larger ; the wings always more or less 
suffused with grey, sometimes only enough to make them look sordid, but sometimes so dark 
as almost to conceal the ordinary markings : pi-imarics with the basal dark patch broader, 
and the dark outer border of twice the width. Expanse of wings 1 inch 7 bnes. 

Yokohama [Jonas); Hakodate [Whitely). 



MELANIPPE. 55 

Melanippe bella. (Plate LIV. fig. 10.) 
Slelanippe bella, Bvtler, Ann. 4' ^laj- ^<-i.t. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 448 (1878). 

Allied to the preceding, but ■with unusually small secondai'ics : wings white, suffused, 
excepting at the borders, with stramineous ; the apical and infero-cxterual borders blotched 
with red-brown and bounded internally by a discal series of blackish rounded spots, interrupted 
on each wing upon the second median interspace ; black discocellular spots : primaries with 
the costal border spotted with red-brown and grey, most broadly above the end of the cell ; a 
tawny spot near the base of inner margin ; two or three veiy indistinct slender brownish lines 
across the wing, the outermost one zigzag : secondaries with a grey basal stripe, a central 
grey elbowed belt, and an arched grey stripe just beyond the middle : body white, head 
sordid, antenna; black. Wings below with all the markings black or grey ; a central belt 
followed by a grey streak on all the wings ; basal area of primaries greyish : body grey, whitish 
in front ; legs varied above with black and white. Expanse of mngs 1 inch 4-6 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas) ; Hakodate [WhiteJy). 

Melanippe snpergressa. (Plate LIV. fig. 11.) 
Melanippe supergressa, Butler, Ann. 4' ^Ifi'J. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 44S (1878). 

Closely allied to M. rivata of Europe, the markings blacker, the discal white belt beyond 
the central band broader ; the base of secondaries white, irrorated with grey, but not 
densely; three central parallel dark grey lines not reaching the costa : wings below with the 
markings better defined. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Hakodate [Whitely] ; Yokohama [Jonas). 

The whiter base to the secondaries and the blacker bands are the most evident dis- 
tinctions between this form and M. rivata. 



Melanippe hecate. (Plate LIV. fig. 12.) 
Melanippe hecate, Butler, Ann. 4' Maj. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 448 (1878). 

Black, indistinctly mottled with grey : wings with the fringes spotted with white ; a 
broad irregular white band just beyond the middle, strongly angulated on the primaries ; these 
wings also with a double submarginal series of pale spots ; the inner series with one upon the 
costa, and a second just beyond the angle of the irregular band, white : back of head white, 
antennas dotted with white, abdomen with white margins to the segments. Wings below 
greyer than above, the basal area crossed by parallel transverse whitish streaks ; body white. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Allied to M. furcifascia. 



56 LAEENTIID^. 

ANTICLEA, Ste]}h. 

Anticlea consang-uinea. (Plate LY. fig. 1.) 
Anticlea consangtiinea, Butler, Ann. S^- Mag. Nat. Hist. scr. 5, vol. i. p. 449 (1878). 

Nearly allied to A. berherata of Europe, but of a more uniformly grey colour : primaries 
witli the bands broader, the subbasal band more regular, the dark band just before the middle 
of the wing distinctly angulated above the median vein ; the discal band less strongly dentated ; 
outer border broadly dusky, completely obliterating the sinuated submarginal lines : secondaries 
greyish brown, crossed beyond the middle by an angulated and sinuated dusky line. Wings 
below similar in colouring to those of A. berherata, but with a strongly defined continuous 
discal line. Expanse of wings 1 inch 2 lines. 

Hakodate {H^itely). 

COREMIA, Guen. 

Coremia livida. (Plate LY. fig. 2.) 
Coremia livida, Butler, Ann. ^- Mac/. Kat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 449 (1878). 

Allied to C. ferrugata, but uniformly greyish brown ; the basal bands more decidedly 
undulated, and only indicated in outline by dai-k lines ; the broad dark belt further from the 
base, its margins more distinctly undulated, its inner margin also more irregular, its outer 
margin less decidedly angulated ; outer border smoky grey, bounded by a continuous series 
of white-edged dark lunules, those spots which are blackish in C. ferrugata being scarcely 
deeper in tint than the others ; the zigzag discal line replaced by a sinuated line forming an 
internal boundary to the submarginal lunules ; lines across the secondaries less strongly 
defined : wings below more uniform in tint and sericeous grey, with the sinuated parallel 
lines arched rather than angulated. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

Coremia frigida. (Plate L'N'. fig. 3.) 
Coremia frigida, Butler, Atm. c|- Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 450 (1878). 

White, the primaries spotted with black and smoky brown at the base ; two central 
aagulated black lines, the outer one diifused internally above the middle ; a black spot at the 
end of the cell ; outer border smoky brown, margined and traversed internally by two black 
lines parallel to the outer of the two central lines ; veins upon the border black, each with a 
central white dot, the whole together forming a submarginal series; fringe white- spotted : 
secondaries silver-grey, with the external area regularly white ; a marginal series of dark grey 
spots which lun through the fringe; a blackish discocellular spot: body whitish, greyish in 
front, dotted with black ; antennre black annulated with white. Primaries below with the 



CIDAEIA. 57 

basal two thirds silver-grey, crossed near the base by two grey stripes visible through the 
wing, the inner one marked with two blaekish spots ; an oljlique black fasciole across the end 
of the cell, partly limiting the grey area ; an angulated white discal belt, followed by a black 
border ; a white subapical costal dot, and a series on the fringe : secondaries as above : body 
below white. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 
Yokohama [Jonas). 

Somewhat like Emmelesia ericetata. 



CIDARIA, Treit. 
Cidaria complicata. (Plate LY. fig. 4.) 

Wings above white : primaries crossed near the base by four parallel zigzag black lines, 
followed by an irregularly angulated interrupted browu belt ; central band formed by seven 
angulated black lines, the inner ones <-shaped, the outer ones zigzag, so that in the middle they 
become complicated ; a broad and very irregular sandy-brown belt ; external border sandy 
whitish : secondaries speckled with brown upon the median vein and crossed by three central 
angulated brown lines ; discal belt and external border as in the primaries : body white, 
streaked with brown ; palpi testaceous. Under surface uniformly sandy whitish, but the 
markings of the upper surface indistinctly visible on account of the transparency of the wings. 
Expanse of wings 11 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Cidaria obscura. (Plate LV. fig. 5.) 
Cidaria obscura, Butler, Ann. 4' Mar/. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 450 (1878). 

Most like very dark varieties of C. russata, but altogether deeper in tint and with a 
different pattern on the underside. Greyish brown, the primaries with a pink tinge, markings 
extremely Kke those of C. russata, dark brown, limited by pale-bordered black lines ; a slightly 
sinuated black outer margin and grey-tipped fi-inge : secondaries with dusky external border, 
on which there is an indication of a paler submarginal sinuated line ; a black scalloped 
marginal line ; fringe grey, with pale basal line. Wings below grey, with pale testaceous costal 
borders ; discocellular dots dusky ; three parallel darker grey lines beyond the middle of the 
wing, followed by a whity-brown broadly sinuated discal beltj a submarginal dusky belt 
followed by an ill-defined undulated pale line; outer border grey; fringe whity brown : body 
whity brown. Expanse of wings 1 iuch 5 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 



58 LAEENTIIDJE. 

Cidaria melancholica. (Plate LV. fig. 6.) 
C'idaria melancholica, Butler, Ann. iSf Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 450 (1878). 

Allied to C. silaceata, but considerably larger, the wbite line nearest to the base of 
primaries more regular, not succeeded by a yellow line; the line which follows it (indicating 
the inner edge of the central band) acutely angulated upon the median vein ; the lines and veins 
on the external area, which are yellow in C. silaceata, pale testaceous or sordid whitish ; a 
small blue- pupilled ocellus beyond the discoidal cell: secondaries smoky grey throughout, 
with the usual sinuated white-edged discal lines. Expanse of wings 1 inch 10 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Cidaria serosa. (Plate LV. fig. 7.) 
Cidaria serosa, Butler, Ann. Sf Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 451 (1878). 

Closely allied to C. reticulata, but nearly twice as large and with all the lines of primaries 
l)rassy yellow instead of white ; secondaries and body tinted with brassy yellow ; under surface 
pale brassy yellow, with indistinct greyish markings similar to those of C. reticulata. Expanse 
of wings 1 inch 9 lines. 

Hakodate {Whitely). 

Cidaria cineraria. (Plate LV. fig. 8.) 
Cidaria cineraria, BvtJsr, Ann. Sf Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 451 (1878). 

Very closely allied to C. picata, but the markings blacker ; the central band of primaries 
not notched at the second median branch ; all the yellow or yellowish oUvaceous markings 
replaced by ashy grey ; the white belt of secondaries wider, the body darker. Expanse of 
wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Hakodate [Whitely). 

Cidaria jameza. (Plate LV. fig. 9.) 
Cidaria jameza, Butler, Ann. Sf Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 452 (1878). 

Allied to C. inspurcata : primaries sepia-brown, crossed near the base by two irregular 
white lines, undulated and angvilated above the median vein ; two black-edged very irregular 
dentate-sinuate white discal lines, only separated by a brown centre line ; a dentate-sinuate 
white submarginal line ; centre of external area sprinkled with white scales ; a black-spotted 
white marginal line ; fringe spotted with whitish : secondaries grey ; costal area, an angulated 
chain-like postmedian belt, a dentate-sinuate submarginal line, and the margin white ; a 
marginal series of black spots : fringe as in primaries : thorax brown, abdomen grey. Wings 
below with the basal area uniformly grey, limited externally by the discal line, which is 
represented by subconfluent black spots; discocellulars black. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
3 lines. 

Hakodate [Whitely). 



CIDAEIA.— HYPENA. 59 

Cidaria tetrica. (Plate LV. fig. 10.) 
Cidaria tetrica, Bntler, Atm. <J- M<y. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 451 (1878). 

Nearest to C. suffumata, but considerably larger ; the primaries mottled all over with 
obvaeeous, with diffused bronzy borders to the veins : the wings dark brown, crossed by three 
silvery bands, all forked, the first two from the median vein, the third from the upper radial ; 
central band twice as wide as the others ; between each two bands and between the external 
band and the outer margin a slender silvery line ; a marginal series of silvery spots with black 
centres : secondaries white, speckled with grey ; two parallel discal grey lines, on the outer 
one several blackish spots ; a marginal series of blackish spots ; fringe yellowish : body brown, 
banded with pale yellow and white. Under surface shining white : primaries mottled with 
grey ; costa speckled with black : secondaries speckled with brown and grey ; a brown 
discocellular spot and a brown augulated discal line ; a grey interrupted submarginal line. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 8 lines, 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

EUBOLIID^. 

EUBOLIA, Dup. 

Eubolia niphonica. (Plate LV. fig. 11.) 
Eubolia niphouica, Butler, Aim. ^ Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. i. p. 452 (1878). 

Primaries with the basal two thirds smoky brown, blackish externally, and limited by an 
irregular bracket-shaped whitish line ; external third paler, white towards the border ; two 
irregular arched whitish-edged black lines near the base ; a black spot at the end of the cell ; 
three or four subapical white dots ; two black subapical spots : secondaries pale smoky brown, 
with a central whitish-edged dusky bracket-shaped line ; outer margin white, dotted with 
black : thorax blackish, abdomen brown : under surface paler, the basal lines obsolete, the veins 
on the disk with reddish borders ; black discocellular spots well defined. Expanse of wings 
1 inch 6 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

HYPENID^. 

HYPENA, Schr. 

Hypena miima. (Plate LV. fig. 12.) 

Primaries whity brown, speckled with slightly darker brown ; discoeellulars and a straight 
slightly oblique line beyond the middle of the same colour ; a small blackish spot just before 
the middle of the cell, a zigzag discal series of black dots terminating on inner margin with a 

i2 



60 HYPENID.^. 

black spot ; external area reddish brown : secondaries sordid white, slightly brownish 
externally and speckled with smoky brown : body pale brown ; palpi, antenna, and front legs 
darker. Wings below whitish, reticulated with greyish lines, which are most distinct upon the 
secondaries ; primaries with pale reddish-brown costal border, crossed by a dusky litura beyond 
the cell and by two black spots near the apex. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 
Yokohama [Jonas). 

Hypena tatorhina. (Plate LV. fig. 13.) 

Pale greyish brown, more or less distinctly reticulated with darker striations of the same 
colour : primaries crossed by two slightly sinuated parallel oblique darker lines ; a third very 
ill-defined line limiting the external ai-ea : secondaries slightly paler than the primaries. 
"Wings below less distinctly reticulated than above, especially the pi-imaries, which ai'e marked 
near apex with two or three white dots parallel to the outer margin ; discocellulars dusky ; 
an abbreviated dusky transverse streak beyond the cell : secondaries with a dusky discocellular 
spot ; an indistinct postmedian angular dusky line; apical area broadly dusky, but not defined : 
body greyish. Expanse of wings 1 inch 6 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas) ; Hakodate [IVhitely). 

Closely allied to H. prohoscidalis. 

Hypena zilla. (Plate LVI. fig. 1.) 

Nearly allied to H. crassalis of Europe, but rather larger and less brilliant in colour, 
the broad irregular dark area of primaries scarcely extending beyond the middle of the wing, 
its outer edge bracket-shaped and clearly bordered with white, its inner or inferior edge more 
deeply excised towards the base ; markings on the disk less strongly defined, the apical streak 
broken up into small elliptical spots ; external border scarcely touched with grey : secondaries 
jjaler and greyer. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 

Hakodate [Uliitely). 

Hypena squalida. (Plate LVI. fig. 2.) 

Greyish brown : primaries reddish brown towards the base, and with a large whitish- 
bordered black-edged reddish-brown patch, nearly resembling the dark area of the preceding 
species ; an irregular discal series of blackish spots near the outer margin, their outer edges 
bordered with white ; a marginal series of black spots at the tenninations of the veins : 
secondaries with a mai-ginal series of black sjjots and a whitish fringe. Under surface whity 
brown, secondaries with veiy indistinct discal brownish line and discocellular spot. Expanse 
of wings 1 inch 2 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas) . 

This species also belongs to the H. crassalis group, but is most nearly allied to H. bijugaUs 
of Nova Scotia. 



HYPENA.— HOEMISA. 61 

Hypena belinda. (Plate LVI. fig. 3.) 

Primaries fuliginous brown, reticulated with blackish and mottled with silvery grey 
beyond the middle ; a broad regular transverse reddish-brown belt terminating at the middle 
of the wing, where it is bounded by a silvery-grey line ; a white subapical spot and a mai'ginal 
series of black dots : secondaries paler than the primaries, immaculate : body pale brown, 
abdomen with whitish segmental lines. Under surface pale whitish brown ; primaries rather 
darker than the secondaries, with white subapical spot ; secondaries with a dusky discocellular 
spot, and traces of two arched lines parallel to the outer margin. Expanse of wings 1 inch to 
1 inch 2 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

Much like H. iconicalis, but differing considerably in its much more slender and 
shorter palpi. 

GISIRA, JValker. 
Gisira signata. (Plate LVI. fig. 4.) 

Greyish brown ; wings crossed at the middle by a pale-edged darker straight line ; an 
interrupted black marginal line : primaries crossed at the basal fourth by an irregular deeply 
sinuatcd dusky streak, darkest upon the costa, and with a pale internal edge ; a black dot, 
close to the latter, within the cell ; a whitish-edged black >-shaped marking at the end of 
the cell, above which the central dusky line becomes wider and dark ; a transverse subapical 
costal blackish fascicle, white-edged externally : secondaries with an ill-defined dusky discal 
belt parallel to the outer border : head and thorax rather darker than the abdomen. Wings 
below paler than above, crossed by two subparallel sinuated i)ale-bordered dusky discal lines ; 
discocellulars blackish : secondaries sordid white, irrorated with greyish brown, the borders of 
the lines white : body greyish brown. Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Allied to G. acclarnalis. The genus Gisira, excepting in its long slender palpi, much 
resembles the Noctuid genus Toxocampa, to which it may ultimately prove to be allied ; the 
palpi are, however, much longer than in any genus of Toxocampidce hitherto known. 



HORMISA, Walker. 

Hormisa plusioides. (Plate LVI. fig. 5.) 

Primaries silveiy grey ; a subcunciform dusky costal j)atch at the base, followed by an 
oblique elbowed dusky line ; an irregularly pentagonal dusky costal patch over the end of the 
cell, followed by an angulated and oblique black discal line, which widens below the angle into 
a black-edged yellowish-brown stripe terminating upon the centre of the inner margin ; a 
subapical dusky costal dash interrupted by four white dots upon the costal margin, and 



62 HYPENID.^. — HEE3IINIID^. 

bounded externally by an oblique silvery-white dash ; a broad diffused transverse bronze- 
brown discal belt, crossed by blaekish hastate dashes ; fringe with a slender white basal line : 
secondaries pale greyish brown : thorax silvery grey ; abdomen pale brown : under surface 
pale sericeous brown. Expanse of wings 11 lines. 
Yokohama (Jonas). 

This species much resembles Britha biguttata from Australia. 

Hormisa cramboides. (Plate LVI. fig. 6.) 

Pale bufi" : primaries crossed from apex to inner margin by an oblique ill-defined whitish 
stripe, immediately followed by two or thi-ee parallel dusky undulated lines, the interval 
between the first Une and the whitish stripe also slightly dusky : secondaries greyish : thorax, 
palpi, and pectinations of antennae greyish : primaries below and pectus sordid ; secondaries 
and venter pale buff, almost white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

HEE,MINIID.E. 

HERMINIA, Latr. 
Herminia sicca. (Plate LVI. fig. 7.) 

Allied to H. tarsipennalis , but rather paler ; the two lines nearest to the base of jjrimaries 
almost straight instead of iiTcgular ; the outermost line sharply defined and with a white 
external border : secondaries sordid white, with the submarginal angulated dusky line edged 
externally with pure white. Wings below white, slightly sordid, crossed by two grey discal 
lines, and with blackish discocellular dots. Expanse of wings 1 inch -1 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas) . 

Herminia fumosa. (Plate LVI. fig. 8.) 

Smoky brown, with a scarcely perceptible lilaciue shot ; outer margin of wings black, 
followed upon the fringe by a white line, beyond which is a slender line paler than the ground- 
colour : primaries crossed by three dark-brown lines, the central one more or less angulated, 
the two others slightly irregular, the outermost one with a whitish external margin ; disco- 
cellulars blackish : secondaries with a blackish line beyond the cell and with the usual whitish- 
bordered externo-discal blackish line running to anal angle : inner surfaces of the antennae 
and palpi sordid white. Wings below more uniform in colour, primaries crossed by one central 
dusky line ; a subapical costal white spot ; margin as above : secondaries nearly as above. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 



HEEMINIA. 63 

Herminia griselda. (Plate LVI. fig. 9.) 

Greyish brown : primaries very slightly tinted with lilacine, crossed at the middle by two 
widely separated dark-brown lines^ the firsts at basal third, nearly straight, the second sharply 
angulated at upper radial nervure ; a slightly curved ochre-bordered dark brown stripe from 
the apex to the inner margin close to external angle ; a brown >-shaped discocellular marking ; 
a slender black marginal line : secondaries with the usual whitish-bordered brown lines near 
anal angle ; a slender black marginal line. "Wings below tinted with sandy yellowish, fringes 
grey, marginal line black : primaries crossed by a sinuous dusky discal line : secondaries 
crossed by two parallel slightly irregulai' dusky discal lines ; a black discocellular spot. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Herminia innocens. (Plate LVI. fig. 10.) 

Primaries above silvery grey ; the basal half of costa, a central belt, and the external area 
olive-brown ; three slightly irregular blackish lines, the first two on either side of the central 
belt, the third from near apex to external angle ; a slender and slightly interrupted black 
marginal line : secondaries sordid whitish, with the two usual disco-anal dusky lines ; a slender 
marginal black line ; fringe grey, white at the base. Under surface whitish, speckled with 
brown ; discal lines nearly as above : primaries with the discoidal and interno-discal areas 
darker, greyish : secondaries with a dusky discocellular spot. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Herminia pryeri. (Plate LVI. fig. 11.) 

Greyish brown, with a distinct rosy shot : primaries crossed by four nearly equidistant 
oblique blackish stripes, the outermost bordered and crossed near apex by a white line ; a 
cream-coloured spot at the end of the cell; a marginal series of subconflvient triangular black 
spots followed by a slender white line : secondaries crossed by three dai-k lines, which fade 
away before reaching the costal margin, the outermost black, edged with white ; a marginal 
white-edged black line : abdomen somewhat pearly, with dusky borders to the segments. Under 
surface greyish brown, the markings much less distinct than above. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Herminia fentoni. (Plate LVI. fig. 12.) 

Greyish brown, crossed by four nearly equidistant dark-brown lines, the first three 
irregularly undulated, the fourth sinuous, with white external edge ; a marginal series of dark- 
brown triangular spots ; fringe alternately grey and whitish from the base outwards : 
primaries with a black-dotted testaceous discocellular spot. Wings below speckled with dark 
brown ; discocellulars black ; lines as above. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 



64 HEEMINIIDiE. 

BLEPTINA, Guen. 
Bleptina petrina. (Plate LVI. fig. 13.) 

Sandy whitish, speckled with brown : primaries with three subconical costal spots and a 
very irregular external border dark brown ; an iU-defined central brownish line : secondaries 
with an irregular central belt, a broad external border with zigzag inner edge, and with a zigzag 
blackish line close to it, reddish brown ; all the wings with a marginal series of black dots : 
head, thorax, and terminal half of abdomen greyish. Wings below sordid white, irrorated with 
grey ; a spot on the costa beyond the middle and three dots towards apex slightly yellowish ; 
a diffused dusky discal belt ; a dusky discocellular spot : secondaries with two parallel diffused 
discal dusky lines and a discocellular spot ; all the wings with dusky marginal dots : body 
sordid whitish. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 



Bleptina lignea. (Plate LVI. fig. 14.) 

Pale reddish brown : wings with the centre of the disk (between the outer line and the 
external border) whitish ; two irregularly dentate-sinuate blackish lines limiting the central 
belt, which is also traversed externally by a blackish streak nearly parallel to the outer line ; 
discocellulars black ; a slender black marginal line ; outer border irregularly sinuated and 
with a dusky margin internally : primaries with a blackish subapical costal spot enclosing a 
whitish dot upon the margin : abdomen crossed by a nearly central dusky belt. Under surface 
sericeous ; wings grey, with blackish discocellulars. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Yokohama {Jonas}. 



Bleptina morosa. (Plate LVI. fig. 15.) 

Primaries above fuliginous brown, paler upon the basicostal area ; three blackish spots 
arranged in a triangular form at the base, an ill-defined blackish line across the basal area ; 
discocellulars blackish ; a very irregular jjale-bordered blackish central line ; a very irregular 
discal whitish line ; a marginal series of pale-edged blackish spots : secondaries much paler, with 
a slender dusky marginal line ; fringe whitish, traversed by a central dusky line : body fuliginous 
brown, rather paler than the primaries. Wings below pale greyish brown, more or less irro- 
rated with white, with a marginal series of white-edged black spots ; fi-inge whitish, traversed 
by a grey line ; primaries with two white costal dashes beyond the middle : secondaries with a 
black discoceUulai- spot and two whitish-bordered dusky discal lines. Expanse of wings 
1 inch. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 



BLEPTINA. — MESOPLECTEA. 65 

Bleptina aegrota. (Plate LVII. fig. 1.) 

Primaries whity brown, crossed by four equidistant irregularly sinuated whitisii-bordered 
black lines ; costa greyish ; external area broadly dark grey ; a marginal series of subconfiuent 
jet-black spots; fringe whitish, traversed by two series of slaty-grey spots; reniform spot out- 
lined in black : secondaries greyish, growing darker towards the outer margin ; two whitish- 
bordered irregular black lines from the abdominal margin to the radial vein ; margin and 
fringe nearly as in primai-ies : body whity brown. Primaries below pale brown : secondaries 
sordid white ; all the wdugs with black discocellular spots ; a spot in the cell, two irregular 
macular discal lines, a marginal series of black spots, and fringe spotted as above with grey : 
body whitish. Expanse of wings 11 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas) . 

BOCANA, IValker. 

Bocana tristis. (Plate LVII. fig. 2.) 

Slaty grey : primaries much dai'ker than the secondaries ; costal border, apical half of 
fringe, and some spots on the other half blackish ; two widely separated denticulated black 
central lines, and a black >-shaped discocellular marking ; a blackish transverse discal streak : 
secondaries darkest at outer border ; a feeble indication of a blackish submarginal line : body 
corresponding in colour with the wings. Under surface paler, more uniform in colour : wings 
with a marginal series of jet-black spots ; two dusky discal lines, the outer one margined 
externally with white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

MESOPLECTRA, g. n. 

Allied to Bocana, but the antennae pectinated on both sides, each pectination terminating 
in two curved hairs, one longer than the other ; the centre of the antennae slightly swollen 
and armed with two short incurved spurs ; palpi long and ciu'ved backwards to a point parallel 
with the back of the head ; anterior tibiae very broad and flattened, but with no pencil of 
bristles. Type M. Rlacina. 

Mesoplectra Ulacina. (Plate LVII. fig. 3.) 

Primaries lilacine grey ; central belt indicated by two widely separated irregular dentate- 
sinuate dark brown lines, the outer one bounded internally by a rather wide band of paler 
brown, upon which (from the discocellulars downwards) is a dark brown denticulated line 
parallel to the outer line of the central band ; a black >-shaped discocellular marking ; outer 
border bounded internally by a very irregular zigzag diff'used blackish line ; a marginal series 
of triangular black spots : secondaries pale smoky brown, with traces of two darker discal 
lines ; a very slender dark marginal line ; fringe whitish : body corresponding in colour with 



66 HER:NnNIID.5i. 

the wings. Under surface pale smoky brown : wings with two ill-defined darker discal lines ; 
primaries with dusky^ and secondaries with black discocellular spot. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
4 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

LOCASTEA, TValker. 
Locastra margarita. (Plate LVII. fig. 4.) 

Opaline white : wings with a broad bronze-brown outer border^ sinuated internally and 
only separated by a line of the ground- coloui* fi-om an interrupted lunulate black line ; fringe 
spotted with brown : primaries with a broad subbasal bronze-brown belt and a black spot 
close to it upon the inner margin ; a subquadrate bronze-brown patch upon the costal margin ; 
head, collar, and thorax spotted with brown ; abdomen with two series of black spots ; anus 
and palpi reddish, tibiae banded with brown ; tarsi black, banded with white : wings below 
with paler markings than above, otherwise similar. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

ZGNASIA, Walker. 

Egnasia simplex. (Plate LVII. fig. 5.) 

Bronzy olive-brown : wings with white discoidal spots ; indications of two irregular white 
discal lines, the inner one beginning upon the costa of primaries with a single white spot, 
the outer one near the apex of primaries with three white spots ; fringe white-spotted : under 
surface the same as above. Expanse of wings 1 inch 6 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

Egnasia porphyrea. (Plate LVII. fig. 6.) 

Grey, shot with lilacine : primaries with whitish costal border; the central belt limited 
by irregular and internally diffused blackish bands shot with bronze, the outer band considerably 
wider than the inner ; a broad transverse subapical bronze-brown belt; a small black-edged 
oval ochraceous spot in the cell, and a whitish-edged blackish spot at the end of the cell : 
secondaries crossed by two, internally difliised, externally whitish-edged, zigzag blackish discal 
bands ; abdomen with whitish margins to the segments : under sm-face whity brown, with the 
markings ill-defined, dusky ; white markings nearly as above ; discocellulars black, with white 
borders. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 Knes. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

Egnasia polybapta. (Plate LVII. fig. 7.) 

Basal third of primaries occupied by an oblong patch, the infero-anterior angle of which 
rests upon the median vein, its superior lialf rosy brown, its inferior half pale flesh-colour; 



EGNASIA. 67 

centre of the wing occupied by a very irregular broad central band bordered with dark brown 
and limited externally by a slender white wavy line; its superior half subquadrate and divided 
into three nearly equal areas, the area within the cell lilacine, with a central black dot, the 
interior costal area pale creamy, the exterior costal area tawny ; inferior half subtriangular, 
lilacine ; external third red-brown internally, lilacine clouded with blackish and whitish ex- 
ternally ; an irregular subapical costal spot and below it four black spots with creamy borders 
arranged in pairs ; external border dull orange, fringe dark brown : secondaries pale smoky 
hrown, becoming white upon costal area ; fringe creamy whitish ; two irregular subparallel 
dusky discal lines: head grey, collar lilacine with its posterior margin reddish; thorax 
ochraceous, abdomen pale brown tinted with lilacine. Under surface sericeous, whity brown ; 
a greyish diseal line : primaries with the central area greyish ; apex grey, fringe grey externally : 
secondaries with a discocellular dot, a marginal series of dots, and a marginal line dark 
grey. Expanse of wings 1 inch 2 lines. 
Yokohama [Jonas). 

Egnasia pulcherrima. (Plate LVII. fig. 8.) 

Greyish stone-colour ; wings crossed by an olive-bordered lunulated white line, broken up 
into separate lunnles on the secondaries : primaries with the basicostal area to apical third 
clear rosy, clouded, streaked and externally bordered with gravel-yellow; a subapical, almost 
cuneiform costal white patch, spotted and bordered with pale olive ; a snbtriangular blackish 
patch at centre of external area, streaked and spotted with bright rose-colour and saffi-on- 
yellow; a black spot just above the origin of the second and third median branches, and 
below it a sinuous black line running to inner margin ; the space between the black line and 
the basicostal area tinted with olive : secondaries with the base pale rose-coloured, limited 
externally by a straight slender blackish line ; an irregular blackish line across the wing near 
the base ; discal lunules terminating in a dark red and saflron-yellow dash upon the abdominal 
area; palpi and back of head whitish ; thorax pale rose-colour, clouded with dull yellow; two 
red-brown dots at base of abdomen. Under surface greyish stone-colour, blackish lines of the 
upper surface replaced by greyish or dusky lines ; costal two thirds of primaries reddish, 
terminating in a bifid white spot ; a submarginal series of black dots. Expanse of wings 
1 inch 2 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas) . 

Egnasia pusilla. (Plate LVII. fig. 9.) 

Pale brownish stone-colour ; wings with a marginal series of black dots ; wings crossed 
by two very irregular slender white-edged black lines : primaries with an angulated black 
stripe between the two black lines, the area between it and the outer line blackish ; a 
white-edged black discocellular crescent-shaped spot : costal margin crossed by small black 
and white dashes ; a blackish patch on the costa just beyond the outer transverse line ; an 

k2 



(J3 HEEMINIID.^. 

irregular pale diseal line through all the wings : head white, palpi black ; fringes spotted with 
blackish. Wings below speckled with black, the outer black line of the upper surface 
strongly defined ; marginal dots and discocellulars black : primaries with an abbreviated black 
line indicating the black stripe of the upper surface. Expanse of wings 9 lines. 
Yokohama [Jonas). 

CELEOPSYCHE, g. n. 

Allied to Marimatha; palpi porrect, compressed, cuneiform, with very short terminal 
joint : antennffi very thick, simple. Primaries with angulated outer margin, slightly excavated 
below apex ; secondaries subangulated ; legs rather short, compressed. Type C. nitens. 



Celeopsyche nitens. (Plate LVII. fig. 10.) 

Pale laky brown or dull rose-colour, sericeous : wings crossed in the centre by a blackish 
streak, incurved on the primaries ; an undulated blackish discal line : primaries with blackish 
costal margin, crossed before the middle by short oblique black dashes and beyond the middle 
by white dots; an irregular blackish line across the basal area; a bisinuated externo-discal 
blackish belt, bounded outwardly by a plumbaginous belt ; a marginal series of dots, black 
internally and white externally : secondaries with a broad diffused orange border ; costal area 
greyish ; abdominal border white : back of head and scape of antennae snow-white ; legs 
creamy white ; collar and prothorax tinted with orange ; abdomen crossed by grey belts. 
Primaries below greyish brown, speckled with grey, four white costal dots beyond the middle : 
secondaries whity brown, crossed by two central curved grey stripes ; fringes grey : body 
creamy white. Expanse of wings 9 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

MARMORINIA, Guen. 
Marmorinia obscurata. (Plate LVII. fig. 11.) 

Dark brown, with a lilaeine tint ; a blackish angulated stripe across the basal area and a 
broad blackish discal belt : primaries with the discal belt forked near the costa, so as to enclose 
a large pale cuneiform costal spot, bounded externally by a pale sinuated line and followed by 
a second similar line; fringe alternately black and whitish : secondaries slightly paler than 
the primaries, especially towards the costal margin ; discal blackish belt not reaching the 
costal margin, bounded on both sides by sinuated yellowish lines ; outer border blackish, 
fringe reddish. Under surface bronzy olive-brown ; wings crossed by two or tliree darker 
curved lines ; discoidal spots indistinctly visible, greyish with dark margins ; costal border of 
primaries irrorated with white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 

Hakodate {Whitely). 



MARMORINIA. — AUfBLTGOES. 69 



Marmorinia ampMdecta. (Plate LVII. fig. 12.) 

Pale brownish stone-colour, clouded with olivaceous r wings deeply excised and denti- 
culated, with a discal series of small brown-bordered pearly lunules, an irregular sinuated 
brown line limiting the external border, a submarginal series of black dots, a narrow marginal 
reddish clay-coloured stripe, and pale fringe ; reniform spot represented by several spots of 
pearly white arranged in the form of a B, the central line being represented by the apex of a 
triangular spot ; central belt indicated below the cell by two undulated brown lines, the inner 
one with a jalc border, triangular above the cell, chocolate-brown streaked with black, pale 
brown, and blue and interrupted upon the costa by white dots : secondaries with several wliite- 
bordered black spots at the end of the cell ; a red-brown streak, below which is a black-edged 
lilac stripe, from the end of the cell to the abdominal margin : head and prothoras wliiti.sh. 
Under surface redder ; wings crossed by blackish lines, with white spots as above. Expanse 
of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

M. Gueuee referred the genus Marmorinia to the Noctuites ; but there seems to be no 
doubt that it is closely allied to Egnasia, Marimatha, &e. 



AMBLYGOES, Butler. 
Apphadana {bis lectam). Walker. 

Amblygoes cinerea. (Plate LVIII. fig. 1.) 

Primaries ashy grey, crossed by three oblique equidistant dark-brown lines with 
ochraceous margins, the outermost line subangulated, so as to run to the apex ; a submar- 
ginal series of black dots ; marginal line blackish ; secondaries greyish brown, becoming grey 
at the outer border, a double abbreviated dark-brown stripe from the anal angle : a marginal 
series of black dots ; body corresponding in colour with the wings ; palpi and upper surface 
of anterior legs ferruginous. Under surface altogether paler, crossed in the middle by a single 
grey line ; a marginal series of very minute black dots ; fringe traversed by a central grey 
line : primaries with the costa slightly yellowish, with a nearly central dusky spot : secondaries 
whity brown speckled with grey, and becoming quite white upon the abdominal area ; a black 
discocellular spot. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

The generic name Apphadana was first applied by Walker to an American Noctuid. 



70 HEEIHINin).^. — PTEALID^. 

MARIMATHA, Walker. 
Marimatha straminea. (Plate LVIII. fig. 2.) 

Primaries stramineous, sericeous ; the base of costa, two widely separated central trans- 
verse lines and a dot between them, at the end of the cell, blackish : secondaries white, slightly- 
tinted with stramineous upon the external border : body stramineous, top of head blackish ; 
anterior coxee and sides of femora silvery. Primaries below paler than above, the cell 
greyish ; inner transverse line aljsent : secondaries with a dot at the end of the cell and an 
arched discal line grey. Expanse of wings 10 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 



PYRALID^. 

PYRALIS, Linn. 

PyraUs elachia. (Plate LVIII. fig. 3.) 

Allied to P. farinalis, but altogether greyer in tint, the basal areas of all the wings 
blackish, the central belt of primaries whity bro^vn, its white margins nearly straight, very 
slightly sinuated ; external area more even in width, altogether more dusky in tint, not red at 
apex ; the centre of costal margin alternately black and white ; a whity brown basal spot : 
central belt of secondaries further from the outer margin darker ; external area altogether 
whiter ; black spots and fringes as in P. farinalis : body whity brown, the abdomen banded 
with blackish. Primaries below shining greyish brown ; costal margin black, dotted with white, 
otherwise without markings : secondaries whitish, irrorated with grey and crossed in the 
middle by two parallel lunulated grey lines ; a marginal series of grey dots : body below 
whity brown. Expanse of wings 11 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

Pyralis fratema. (Plate LVIII. fig. 4.) 

AUied to P. farinalis, but altogether greyer in tint ; the white lines on the wings more 
slender, the basal and apical areas of primaries shining greyish brown instead of ferruginous ; 
the central belt broader and duller in colour ^secondaries more uniform grey, the marginal 
black spots confiued to the anal angle ; abdomen black, the third, fourth, and anal segments 
fulvous in the centre. Under surface greyer than in P. farinalis, but with similar markings. 
Expanse of wings 11 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 



PTEALIS.— MICEOSCA. 71 

Pyralis nannodes. (Plate LVIII. fig. 5.) 

Allied to P. glaucinalis, cousiderably smaller, the primaries of a more sandy tint, the 
transverse lines dusky with yellowish external edges, angulated mueh nearer to the eostal 
margin ; a blackish discocellular dot ; fringe purplish with a yellow basal line and a rosy 
central line : secondaries with the central white lines more irregular ; fringe as in primaries : 
body corresponding in tint with the wings. Under sm-face much paler, the lines obsolete. 
Expanse of wings 9 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

MICROSCA, g. n. 

Allied to Osca, the palpi less porrect and with shorter terminal joint ; spines of hind 
tibifE longer; primaries with the outer margin more or less convex. Type M. hedilalis 
{Pyralis hedilalis, Wlk.). 

Microsca pallida. (Plate LVIII. fig. 7.) 

Whitish, sericeous ; wings reticulated with dark brown, the basal and external areas 
clouded with pale cupreous brown; two narrow ill-defined cupreous-brown discal bands 
partially margined and dotted with black ; primaries with a black-edged bifid apical white 
spot : wings below nearly as above, but less distinctly reticulated. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Microsca exusta. (Plate LVIII. fig. 8.) 

Similar in colour to the preceding species, but with the basal half of the wings deeper, 
with one ill-defined blackish-edged central band ; a curved subapical black-edged brown 
fasciole in the primaries, the body darker : wings below whitish, with well-defined central red- 
brown band ; primaries with the costa at apex and a subapical fasciole red-brown ; reticulations 
less strongly defined than above : pectus and legs pale reddish brown. Expanse of wings 
1 inch 1 line. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Microsca ardens. (Plate LVIII. tig. 9.) 

Pale reddish brown reticulated with dai'ker brown ; basal half deeper in colour than the 
external half, and limited by a blackish-edged ferruginous central band ; each wing also with 
black-edged subapical and subanal fascioles ; fringe black-spotted externally : primaiies with 
grey costal border, spotted beyond the middle with ferruginous ; two transverse brown lines 
across the basal area : body red-brown, prothorax greyish. Under surface with the ground- 
colour paler and the markings darker than above. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 



72 PYEALID^. — ENNYCHILD^. 

AGLOSSA, Latr. 
Aglossa achatina. (Plate LVIII. fig. 6.) 

Primaries shining whity brown, mottled and banded with pale laky brown, the costa 
and basal area spotted, the central area crossed by two broad irregularly dentated belts, the 
external area indistinctly spotted ; a marginal series of black dots : secondaries sericeous, 
sordid whitish, costal and apical areas slightly brownish : body testaceous, the tegulfe spotted 
with laky brown. Primaries below greyish, the markings barely distinguishable excepting 
upon the borders ; secondaries with a very indistinct greyish discal streak ; otherwise as above. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

ENNYCHIIDiE. 

RHODARIA, Guen. 
Rhodaria placens. (Plate LVIII. fig. 10.) 

Primaries golden yellow, densely speckled with blackish and lake-red; two widely 
separated transverse yellow stripes, between which the costal margin is alternately yellow and 
lake-red; fringe very long, golden yellow, with a broad internal lake-red stripe, rosy at 
apex and external angle : secondaries pale pinky brown, densely speckled with dark brown, 
with one central undulated dusky-margined pale stripe ; fringe rather paler than in primaries : 
body pale brown, yellowish in front and laky behind. Under surface pale pinky brown, 
densely speckled with dark brown : primaries with a yellow spot beyond the middle of the 
costa; apical area rosy; fringe as above: secondaries as above: legs rosy, tarsi whitish. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Rhodaria amata. (Plate LVIII. fig. 11.) 

Primaries above cream-coloured, spotted with saffron-yellow; the costal margin, outer 
border, a broad oblique discal stripe, and a dot below the cell rose-i'ed : secondaries pale 
whity brown, with scarcely distinguishably darker central belt and external border : bodv 
pale whity brown ; head and collar rose-red. Wings below pale sericeous wliitv brown 
slightly tinted with dull rose-red on the costal areas : primaries with the discoidal area 
slightly greyish : body testaceous. Expanse of wings 8 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 



ENIS'^TCHIA.— SAMEA. 73 

ENNYCHIA, Treit. 

Ennychia assimilis. (Plate LVIII. fig. 12.) 

Closely allied to E. octomaculalis , but larger, with the white spots (especially upon the 
disk of the wings) considerably larger, and the secondaries below without any trace of the white 
costal streak. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Hakodate [Uniitely). 

Ennychia limbata. (Plate LVIII. fig. 13.) 

Near to E. nigralis, but easily distinguished by the snow-white fringes to all the wings. 
Expanse of wings 8 lines. 
Yokohama [Jonas). 

Ennychia astrifera. (Plate LVIII. fig. 14.) 

Closely allied to E. octomaculalis, but blacker, the inner white spots smaller ; the fringe 
of primaries almost wholly black, the tegulae bright safiFron-yellow, and the abdominal bands 
less clearly defined. Expanse of wings 11 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 



DESMIA, Westiv. 

Desmia stellaris. (Plate LVIII. fig. 15.) 

Nearly allied to D. afflictalis of Guenee, but differing from it in the much smaller white 
spots on the wings. Expanse of wings 8 lines. 
Yokohama [Jonas). 



SAMEA, Gum. 

Samea butyrosa. (Plate LIX. fig. 1.) 

Clear shining pale stramineous ; wings with a narrow dark-brown marginal border ; 
fringe whitish, with a dark-grey central line ; a spot in each cell, the outlines of the reniform 
spots, an irregular line across the middle and a transverse abbreviated line across the costal 
area of each wing blackish : head and thorax greyish, abdomen white : under surface creamy 
yellow ; markings obsolete, wanting on secondaries. Expanse of wings 10 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

L 



74 ENNYCHnD.l!;. 

Samea magna. (Plate LIX. fig. 2.) 

Pale greyish brown, with a slight cupreous tinge ; wings crossed by two very irregular 
dusky lines of the usual form, representing the limits of the central band, which is bounded 
on each side by a more or less interrupted belt of pale straw-yellow ; discocellular spots 
blackish ; base of abdomen and margins of the segments whitish. Under sui-face of wings 
whitish grey, the markings of the upper surface feebly visible : body white. Expanse of 
wings 1 inch 4 lines. 

Hakodate [Whitely). 



Samea usitata. (Plate LIX. fig. 3.) 

Semitransparent pale gamboge-yellow, with a broad external border^ shining greyish 
brown with cupreous reflections ; two very irregular dark-brown lines of the ordinary form : 
primaries with greyish-brown costal border ; the usual discoidal sj)ots dark brown : body 
whity brown, head and margins of the abdominal segments white. Under surface shining 
whitish, the markings of the upper surface indistinctly visible. Expanse of wings lOj lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Allied to " Botys " tcedialis. 



Samea gracilis. (Plate LIX. fig. 4.) 

Pale gamboge-yellow; wings with a broad silvery greyish e.ttcrnal border, the two 

ordinary irregular lines greyish brown : primaries with the discoidal spots large and greyish 

brown, a third spot of the same colour below the cell ; fringe and abdominal area of secondaries 

white ; body sordid, abdomen whitish : wings below silvery whitish, the markings greyer than 

•^ the ground-colour ; body white. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Allied to "Botys" insipidulis, Ledcrer, with the coloration of " Botys " iiiatutinulis. 



ASOPIA, Gaen. 

Asopia misera. (Plate LIX. fig. 5.) 

Nearly allied to A. vulgaris, but readily distinguished by the grey ground-colour of the 
wings and body, and the white margins to the abdominal segments. Expanse of wings 10 
lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 



HYMENIA. — HTDEOCAMPA. 75 



HYMENIA, Hiibn. 



Hymenia tricolor. (Plate LIX. fig. 6.) 

Dark bronzy brown with a very feeble lilaciue tint ; fringe narrow, white at anal angles ; 
primaries with a small ajjot in the cell, a second just below it, and a large spot just beyond 
the cell stramineous ; secondaries with an irregular central belt, broad to just beyond the 
first median vein and then abruptly narrowed, stramineous ; inner surface of palpi, the 
antennae, and the hind margins of the segments whitish. Primaries below silvery brown, 
with dusky-bordered white spots, similar to the stramineous spots of the upper surface : 
secondaries white, with a broad irregular outer border and two unequal central spots silvery 
brown : body below white. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 



HYDROCAMPID^. 

OLIGOSTIGMA, Guen. 

Oligostigiua corculina. (Plate LIX. fig. 7.) 

Snow-white ; primaries with the basal two thirds of costa dark l)rown ; two dark-brown 
stripes (with buff and white central lines towards the costa) crossing one another in the form 
of a -^ and uniting at basal third with a third ill-defined dark-brown transverse line ; external 
two thirds of inner border brown, gradiially shading off into the outer border, which is orange 
with an internal black edge ; a marginal series of black dots; fringe with a central grey line : 
secondaries crossed by two divergent dark-brown stripes, the outer one submargiual and 
streaked with bufl:' ; marginal border and fringe as in primaries : body banded with dark 
brown. Under sui'face altogether paler, with similar markings, but the discal stripes pale 
bulf, with black internal margins. Expanse of wings 8 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

HYDROCAMPA, Latr. 

Hydrocampa cretacea. (Plate LIX. fig. 8.) 

Chalky white; wings crossed by two pairs of black-spotted testaceous lines, widely 
separated and inarched on the primaries ; an internally black-edged pale testaceous marginal 
line ; discocellular spots snow-white, with testaceous margins : primaries with the centre of the 
costa and a submarginal apical spot snow-white ; head and thorax snow-white, palpi black, 
with yellowish inner surfaces : under surface altogether paler. Expanse of wings 7 lines. 

Y'okohama [Jonas). 

l2 



76 SPILOMELID-E. — BOTIDID.E. 



SPILOMELID^. 

ZEBRONIA, Hiibn. 
Zebronia argyria. (Plate LIX. fig. 9.) 

Silvery white ; primaries with three spots at the base, a spot iu the cell, a spot closing 
the cell, one upon the costa towards apex, and one near the external angle black ; secondaries 
with a spot at the end of the cell, a second on the costa near apex, a third near the centre of 
outer margin, and a fourth (from which a pale brownish streak runs into the wing) at anal 
angle black : abdomen with two basal black dots : spots below less defined than above. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Hakodate (JFMeZy). 

Near to Z. lactiferalis. 

BOTIDID^. 

ASTURA, Guen. 

Astui-a striata. (Plate LIX. fig. 10.) 

Primaries above golden orange ; the costal margin, a spot at the base, two discoidal spots, 
and nine internervular discal streaks black ; fringe greyish brown : secondaries ochreous, 
with a series of almost marginal subconfluent hastate dashes : body ochreous, tegulte spotted 
with orange, abdomen blackish at the sides. Wings below ochreous with internervular 
greyish-brown streaks ; pectus testaceous, venter greyish. Expanse of wings 1 inch 2 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

BOTYS, Latr. 
Botys inornata. (Plate LIX. fig. 11.) 

Primaries bright sericeous ochreous ; secondaries greyish brown, with pale stramineous 
fringe ; thorax reddish ochraceous, abdomen pale stramineous : under surface pale strami- 
neous ; centre of primaries and venter greyish. Expanse of wings 1 inch 5 lines. 

Yokohama {Jones). 

Botys aurea. (Plate LIX. fig. 12.) 

Wings above golden yellow, sericeous, the two usual lines, discocellulars, and outer 
borders pale brown wiih. a faint rosy gloss ; fringe silvery greyish : thorax silvery white ; head. 



B0TT8. — SCOPULA. 77 

collar, and abdomen testaceous. Under surface altogether paler, discocellulars blackish. 
Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 

Yokohama {Jonas) . 

Allied to B. togalis, Led. 

Botys arbiter. (Plate LIX. fig. 13.) 

Bright shining stramineous : primaries crossed by three convergent brown stripes, black 
upon the costa, the two outer lines uniting on the internal area ; a submarginal curved 
greyish stripe : secondaries crossed by two slightly divergent subparallel brown stripes ; a 
submarginal greyish stripe. Under surface pale golden yellow, shining, without markings. 
Expanse of wings 11 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

CIRCOBOTYS. g. n. 

Allied to Cmnostula, but the primaries very narrow, extremely produced and subfalcate 
at apex, consequently with very oblique outer margin; the secondaries unusually small, almost 
triangular : abdomen slender, extending for some distance beyond the secondaries. Type 
C. nycierina. 

Circobotys nycterina. (Plate LIX. fig. 14.) 

Pale greyish brown ; primaries with the discocellulars and a costal spot halfway between 
the cell and apex dusky ; external area dusky ; the fringe from near apex and a marginal 
series of spots stramineous : secondaries rather paler than the primaries, darkest at apex ; 
fringe, excepting at anal angle, stramineous : head, collar, tegulse, hind margins of abdominal 
segments, and anus testaceous ; antennae and palpi stramineous ; basal fringe of palpi, collar 
below, pectus, and legs white ; venter testaceous,' sprinkled with whitish scales. Wings below 
as above. Expanse of wings 1 inch 1 line. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

SCOPULA, Schr. 

Scopula testacea. (Plate LIX. fig. 15.) 

Primaries testaceous, the discoidal spots, one or two dots below the cell, an undulated 
arched discal line, and the fringe grey : secondaries whitish, tinted with testaceous towards 
the outer margin ; a spot at tbe base of the median branches and an arched macular discal 
streak grey ; a marginal series of blackish dots : thorax testaceous, abdomen white. LTndcr 
surface paler, the primaries slightly greyish in the centre. Expanse of wings 10 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

Nearly allied to S. martialis of Africa. 



78 GALLERIIDtE.— TOETRICID^. 



GALLERIID^. 

MELISSOBLAPTES, ZeU. 
Melissoblaptes tenebrosus. (Plate LX. fig. 1.) 

Allied to M. bipunctanus, rather smaller and darker, but with much whiter secondaries ; 
the orbicular spot irregular and very indistinct, but the reniform jet-black; the pale-bordered 
discal dusky line nearer to the outer margin and not excavated towards the costa, but forming 
a regular arch. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Yokohama {Jonas) . 



CRAMBID^. 

CRAMBUS, Fabr. 
Crambus whitelyi. (Plate LX. fig. 2.) 

Form of C. inquinatellus ; primaries very pale brown with a feeble lilacine tint ; discoidal 
spots black, united by a longitudinal black line ; a sinuoiis discal series of black dots ; outer 
border dusky, limited at apex by a blackish oblique dash ; a marginal series of black dots : 
secondaries sordid white : body corresponding in colour with the wings. Wings below sordid 
white, primaries with greyish discoidal area ; body white. Expanse of wings 1 inch 2 lines. 

Hakodate {fVhitely). 



TORTEICID^. 

PANDEMIS, Hiibn. 

Pandemis sinapina. (Plate LX. fig. 3.) 

Primaries bright straw-yellow, reticulated with fulvous, and crossed (at first and second 
thirds) by two oblique ferruginous lines shot with lilac ; a transverse submarginal ferruginous 
litura at apex : secondaries sericeous greyish brown, with white fringe traversed by a grey 
line : body corresponding in colour with the Avdngs. Primaries below dead golden, with pale 
yellow fringe : secondaries white ; body below whitish, palpi yellow. Expanse of wings 
1 inch. 

Yokohama [Jonas) . 



CACOECIA.— PHOXOPTEETX. 79 

CACOECIA, Hiibn. 

Cacoecia similis. (Plate LX. fig. 4.) 

Nearly allied to C. podana of Europe, but the primaries laky browu, tinted here and 
there with lilac, reticulated with blackish and banded with deep ferruginous : the secondaries 
also much deeper in tint. Under surface brilliant golden cupreous. Expanse of wings 1 inch 
3 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

The European species looks dull and worn by the side of this form. 



SCIAPHILA, Treit. 

Sciaphila fumida. (Plate LX. fig. 5.) 

Primaries smoky greyish brown, sericeous ; discocellular spot blackish : secondaries 
white, becoming greyish towards the outer margin, which is narrowly smoky brown ; body 
grey, mottled and banded with black. Primaries below with the basal two thirds greyish 
white, with pink costal margin ; venter whitish, banded with grey ; legs grey, banded with 
black ; otherwise as above. Expanse of wings 10 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Sciaphila cupreifera. (Plate LX. fig. 6.) 

Primaries white, densely speckled with black ; two or three small scattered black spots 
and a marginal series ; two abbreviated oblique cupreous-brown belts from the costa ; fringe 
brown : secondaries greyish brown, with the fringe and basal area whitish : body corresponding 
with the wings in colour. Under surface white, the costal borders of the wings and body 
cream-coloured speckled with black ; primaries with a subapical blackish patch and a series 
of black marginal spots. Expanse of wings 9 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas) . 

PHOXOPTERYX, Treit. 

Phoxopteryx pulchra. (Plate LX. fig. 7.) 

Primaries shining creamy whitish ; costal margin, excepting at apex, crossed by numerous 
little black dashes ; a large irregular black-mottled grey patch on .interno-basal area ; re- 
mainder of internal area dusky; a broad irregular oblique red-brown belt just beyond the 
middle ; two or three streaks and a triangular spot of red-brown at apex ; fringe wliite : 
secondaries grey ; the basicostal area and a line at the base of the fringe white : body 



80 TOETEICID^. — CHOEEUTLD^. 

testaceous ; legs and palpi white. Primaries below pale sericeous brown : secondaries silvery 
white with brownish costa : venter white. Expanse of wings 7 lines. 
Yokohama {Jonas). 

Allied to A. consequana and to " Grapholitha " sinuana of Felder. 

PENTHINA, Treit. 
Penthina cuphostra. (Plate LX. fig. 8.) 

Primaries silvery white, mottled with grey ; costa crossed by short black dashes ; basal 
area, a broad irregular oblique central belt, and an oblique abbreviated subapical stripe from 
the outer margin grey, margined and clouded with black ; fringe white intersected by a 
blackish line, beyond which there is a series of black spots : secondaries with the basal half 
white and the external half grey ; fringe white intersected by a grey line ; thorax white 
mottled with black ; abdomen grey. Wings below altogether paler and more uniform in 
colour ; primaries brownish, with no markings excepting on the costal area : body white. 
Expanse of wings 7 lines. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

Allied to F. rupestrana. 

Penthiaa acharis. (Plate LX. fig. 9.) 

Basal half of primaries whitish, striated and mottled with grey ; costal border whitish, 
crossed by short oblique black liturse ; a central irregular dull clay-coloured black -speckled 
whitish-edged belt ; apical half of subcostal area clay-coloured, centre of disk grey, external 
angle whity brown ; disk crossed by a number of longitudinal whitish-edged black lines : 
secondaries greyish brown, dai'kest at apex, with whitish costal area; a submargiual line 
and the fringe stramineous : body pale stramineous speckled with grey. Wings below 
sericeous brown, with pale margins ; secondaries greyish, much palei' than the primaries : 
body pale stramineous. Expanse of wings 9 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

Possibly referable to Staiutou's group Euchromia, but this name is preoccupied. 

CHOREUTIDiE. 

SIMiETHIS, Leach. 
Simaethis byligenes. (Plate LX. fig. 10.) 

Fuliginous brown, primaries crossed by four or five irregularly luuulated black-edged 
dull yellowish-brown stripes ; the black lines much as in /S. puriana of Europe ; fringe 
alternately slaty grey and pale brown : secondaries darkest on external area, costa white ; a 



LEP. HET. PI. XLI. 



HTPONOMEUTA. — CEEOSTOMA. 81 

central transverse scries of four ocliraceous spots and three others, submargiual, near the anal 
angle ; apical half of fringe and a basal line on the anal half whitish : abdomen with a cupreous 
lustre. Wings below dull ocliraceous : primaries with the subcostal area and two sinuated 
submarginal lines brown; three black dots and two oblique white dashes on the costa; fringe 
as above : secondaries crossed beyond the middle by a whitish stripe ; several brown anal 
spots; fringe as alcove: body whitish testaceous; legs banded with black. Expanse of wings 
8 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

More nearly allied to S. nemorana than to any other known species. 



HYPONOMEUTID^ *. 

HYPONOMEUTA, ZcU. 
Hypoiiomeuta polysticta. (Plate LX. fig. 11.) 

Allied to H. iiadi, but considerably larger, the primaries more silvery, with the Ijlack dots 
much larger, the fringe wholly white ; secondaries dai'ker, the fringe white at apex. Wings 
below altogether darker, the fringes as above. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 



PLUTELLID.E. 

CEROSTOMA, Latr. 

Cerostoma strigosa. (Plate LX. fig. 12.) 

Form of C nemorella : sericeous whity brown : primaries with the costal border, the 
subapical sinus, and one or two ill-defined lines on the external border dark olive-brown ; a 
longitudinal subcostal snow-white streak from the base to the apex ; a black dot on the 
discoeellulars, a second on interno-median area, and a third near the base ; a longitudinal, 
terminally upcm'ved, lilaeine streak : secondaries with dusky external border ; fringe pale 
testaceous with a dusky basal streak. Wings below greyish, with brassy reflections: body 
below and legs pale yellowish, the posterior legs with the tibite beyond the spines and the 
tarsi fuliginous. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 

* It seems extremely probable that this family will have to be referred to the Bomliycites, where it 
would follow the Lilhosiidte, 

M 



82 GELECHnD^. — TINEIM:. 

GELECniID.E. 

DEPRESSARIA, Haw. 
Depressaria uoniia. (Plate LX. fig. 13.) 

Near to D. heracliana of Europe, j^aler aud more sericeous ; primaries with two whitish 
discoidal spots partly enclosed in black dots ; an ill-defiued discal series of longitudinal black 
internervalar lines or dashes and a marginal series of black spots. Under surface very pale 
silvery brown, anterior legs with the upper margin black. Expanse of wings 1 inch. 

Yokohama (Jonas). 

(ECOPHORA, Zell. 

(Ecophora enopisema. (Plate LX. fig. li.) 

Primaries bright coppery red, with the costal border aud fringe bright golden ; wings 
crossed by three slender black-edged silver stripes, the two outer ones widely divergent : 
secondaries greyish bro^vu, with the costa white to the middle ; head and base of antennae 
silvery white, palpi and thorax dark coppery red : abdomeu brown, with fulvous anal tuft. 
Under surface sericeous greyish brown : primaries with golden fringe ; legs whitish. Expanse 
of wings 6| liues. 

Yokohama {Jonas). 

TINEID^. 

SAPRA, Walker. 
Safra lignea. (Plate LX. fig. 15.) 

Primaries whity brown with a pink tinge, sericeous, crossed by a multitude of u'regular 
undulated black streaks, ill-defined on the inner border : secondaries pearly whitish with 
whity-brown fringe : head dull reddish brown ; thorax coloured like the primaries ; abdomen 
whitish. Under surface pearly ; primaries showing the markings indistinctly, owing to their 
semitransparent character. Expanse of wings 1 inch 3 lines. 

Yokohama [Jonas). 



LEP. HET. PI. XLI. 




H.Mmt«rT\,& A.Searle.del. 



1. Cheerocampa suffusa. 4. Triptogon complacens. 

2 . Cheerocampa. pallicosta-. 5. Acherontia medusa,. 

3. Ti-iptogon roseipennis. 6. DiKidia discistriga. 

. 7. Diludia increta.. 



Mint«rn Bi-os imp 



LEP. MET. P], XLII. 





_,i=^sar5 



!^ 



I 



6. 




R JvliiTteimA A. Soarle, del. 




iNir 



9. 








^ 



\. ,/ 



'#. w .%* 



^ir 



12. 



Mintem Bros imp 



1. Syntomis anneLLa-. 5. Spilosoma'sangaica-. 9. ThanatarcLia infemalis. 

2. BaJatasa segenoides. 6. Spilarctia ione. 10. Euprepia pUnaeosoma . 

3. Bintha gracilis. 7. Spiiarctia mollicula. 11. Miltochrista inscripta.. 

4. Phissa.ma vacillans. 8. Spiiarctia subcarnea. 12. Millochnsia rhodophila. 

13. Collita aegrota. 



LER HET. Pl.XLIII. 




^^W 



^ 





10. 



^.MmUm.&e A.H. Seaj-le del. 



w^^0 









-"i^^jefttli*' 



n. 



Ivtmter-n Bros imp. 



1. Tatar^gyna fbrmosa. 4. Dettcunoides fasciala. 7. Retina costa^ta. 
2.Nola fumosa. 5. Attacus pryeri. S.Lsslia sinensis. 

3. Nola Candida. 6. Phrixolepia sericea. S.Pemtana ampla. 

lO.Hylophila sylpha. 11. Cerura lanigera. 



LBP HBT. Pl.XLIV. 








5. 





^m 



11. 





R.Mntsrrx J. A.H. SearU d=l. 





1. GonophoT-a, derasoides . 5.Alysia grisea. 9. Hermonassa cecilia. 

2.Acronycta leucocuspis. S.Dandaca senex. 10. Graphiphora caliginea. 

S.AcronycLa increta. 7. Agrotis illoba. 11. Das3rcampa fbrnax. 

4.Leucania asrata. S.A^otis odiosa. IS.Phlogophora beatrix. 



Mintem Bros imp 



LEP het.p: xlv. 










5. 



R.Mintem k AH Scarle dol. 





V'V' 



8. 







10. 



Mintern Bros.^ 



l.Aplectoides mtida. 
2.Hadena lucia. 
S.Xylina arctipenms. 



4. Hello this adaiicta. 

5. Enrols "virens. 
G.Ariola pulchra, 

10. Cncullia fraterna. 



y.Acontia "biplagiata, . 
S.Acontia iDimacula. 
9. Lithophane saga. 



LEP.HET.Pl.XLVI. 



li^ 





^^^1 





4. 








11. 




1. 



H.Mmtej-n&AHSearle del. 




1. Acontia maculosa. 5. Scedopla regalis. 

2. Erastria stygia. 6. Pliisia Jessica. 

3. Callopistria obscura. 7. Plusia mikadina. 

4. Callopistria sethiops. S.Deva splendida. 




9.Nsenia muscosa 

10. Catocala tella. 

11. Catocala praegnax:. 
12.Ampliipyra erebina. 



Liintern Bros . imp 



LE.P HET. PI XLV] 









'XiiSSii-- 




l.Miiiter-n del. A H. Sea,r-lr]itK. 



I Gerbatl-ia >psilori. 5. Pliisidia abrostoloides. 9. Nyctipacj Isetitia. 

2. Gsrbatha angviaL-=i.. 6. Sdenis inira . lO.Poaphila mollis. 

3. Catocala, zalmurma. 7. Sypna achatina . 11. PhyllopKla cretacea. 
4.Psimswia cineracea. 8. Sypna Fuliginosa. 12. Hypopyr-a extricans. 



Mintem Bros unf 



LEE HF.T, PI XLVni. 










Mmtermdel A.\^ SeEirielith. 








V^ ^ 



"^ 



\^. 





^^^^^§ 



^ 



6. 




n 



m f^ \ 



9. 




12. 



MintemB'roo imp. 



1. Urapteryx veneris. 5. Bizia aexaria. 8. Boarmia agitata. 

2. Thiopsyche pryeri. 6. Corypha incongruaria. 10. Boarmia luniftra. 

3. Endropia nia.ctans. 7. Nipl-ionissa anda. 11. Boamnia displicens. 

4. Descoreba simpleoc. 8.Boaj"mia conferenda. 12. Boarmia leucoph^a. 



LE.RHET. Pl.XLIX. 






H^^ 



'^^ 








3. 




10. 




4.. 




5. 





6. 






a. 



R MintsTO J. A.H. Searle del. 

1. Boarmia angulifera. 
2.Boarmia ginsea. 
3. Boarmia senex. 
4. Tephrosia charcfn. 



5. Boarmia insolita . 
5. Tephrosia ignobilis. 
7. Boarmia repulsaria. 
B.Bylazora virsscens. 



9 Hypo chroma pryeri. 

10. Jodis claripemi-iis. 

11. Elphos latiferana. 

12. Hypochroina. superans. 



Mintem Bros 



imp. 



LEP. HET. PI. L. 





3. 




5. 





8. 



7. 



ff?:. 



*fe 




R.\Kii-j?n.6. A.H. Seai-le dfl. 

1. Thalassodes marina. 

2. Thai era crsnulata. 

3. Con-:iibsena difficta. 

4. Tanaorhmus confiiciana. 




10. 



5.. Anisod.es hadassa. 

6. Astliena nupta. 

7. Asthena confusa. 

8. Asthena corciilina. 



f% 







12. 



9. Asthena superior. 

10. Acidalia jakima. 

11. Acidalia hanna. 

12. Acidalia absconditafia . 



Mint^iTi Bros imp. 



LEP. HET. PI. LI. 












lO. 





^^• 





-•^^,. 






12. 



R-Mintem 6- A.H- Searie dc]. 



1. Tunandi'^a. extremaria. 

2. Timandra comptana. 

3. Hyria sinicata. 

4-. MichrasscKus aureus. 



B.Erosia rspha. 

6. Erosia azela. 

7. Erosia moza. 
S.Argyris indicataria. 



9. CaLera eliela. 

10. Corycia virgo. 

11. Coxycia sacra. 

12. Tliysanochilus purus. 



NfcitfTTi Eros imp. 



LEP HET. PI. LII. 














I -■#' 










10. 




^N^?^ 

^'T- 




R-Mmt/5r-n-t-A.H. Searie del. 



Mvntem Bros imp. 



1. Macaria. hebesata. 

2. Macaria zachera. 

3. Macciria maligna . 

4. Biihia amasa. 



5. Lozogramma bela. 

6. Liozogramma amelia. 

7. Selidosen^a sordida. 

8. Aspilates irrswdiata. 



9. Aspilates discriminaria. 

10. Euchera agnes. 

11. Abraxas conspuroaLa. 

12. Abraxas miranda.. 



LEP. HET. PI. LIU. 






3. 







V 

/ 




I 







10. 




12. 



RlJintai-nS. A.H.Searle ded. 



Mintern Bi^os iinp. 



1. Abraxa.s placida. 
2.AlDra."xas plunlineata. 
3.Lomaspilis opis. 
4.Dei"oca pKasma. 



5. Pachyligia dolosa. 

6. Padnyligia inodesta. 

7. Hybemia dira. 

8. Larentia hemana. 



9. Eiupithecia sophia. 

10. Eupithecia mvisa. 

11. EupitKecia excisa. 

12. Eupithecia rufescens. 



LEP. HET. PI. LIV. 








3. 




m, 




5. 





,^*?^ 









11 





A^ 



^^.M.< 







10. 




12. 



R.Mintem U A-H. Sea-rle del. 

1. Eupithecia proterva. 5. Lobophora volitans.* 9. Melanippe inqxiinata. 

2. Eupiihecia caligmea. G. Lobopliora terranea. 10. Melanippe bella. 

3. Collix vashti. 7. Lygranoa Risca. 11. Melanippe supergressa. 

4. Lo^cphora julia. 8. Melanthia casta,. 12. Melanippe hecate. 



MntelTi Bros ingj. 



I,EP. HET. PI. LV. 




to. 






12. 




f 






V# 



4. 












13. 



RMintai-nJ. A.HSeNi-le del. 

i. Anliclea. consangumea. 2. Coreinia livida. 3. Coremia frigida. 

4-. Gidaria. con-iplicata. 5. Cidaria obscura. 6. Cidaria melancliolica. 

7. Cidaria serosa. 8. Cidana cineraria. 8. Cidaria jameza, 

10. Cidaria tetrica. 11. Eubolia niphomca;. 12. Hypena minna. 

13. Hypena tatorhma. 



Mintem Bpos imp. 



LEP. HET. PL LVI. 



5. 

7. 




IM^ 



6. 

WfW 



2. 





y ~. 



10. 












12. 








13. 



14. 



15. 



R.Mintem?* A.H. Searle del. 



MinteniBros imp 



1. Hypena zilla. 6. Hormisa cramboides. 11. Herminia piyeri. 

2. Hypena. sc],ualida. 7. Hermima sicca. 12 . HeiTninia fentoni . 

3. Hypena belinda. 8. Herminia fumosa. 13. Bleplma petnna. 

4. Gisira signala. 9. Herminia gnselda. 14. Bleptina. lignea. 

5. Hormisa plusioides. 10. Herminia innocens. 15. Bleptina morosa. 



LEP. HBT. PI. LVII. 







^w 






4. 









v../ 





12. 



10. 



R.Mint.«m\ A.H. Seaiie del. 

1. Ble.ptina aegrota. 

2. Bocana. tristis. 

3. Mesopleclra lilacina. 

4. Liocastra marganta. 



Minlem Bros imp . 



5. Egnasia simplex. 9. Egnasia pvisilla. 

6. Egnasia porphyi'ea. 10. Celeopsyche ratens. 

7. Egnasia polybapta. 11. Marinorinia obscur^ata. 

8. Egnasia pulchemnia. 12. Mamionnia. amphidecta. 



LEP HET. PL LVIII. 




^^0 
^^W^ 




4. 



WpP 











^1^ 



lO. 






!^^^^^V 



.V A 



Im 






1.5. 



R.. Mintem i AH- Sea,rle del. 



1. Atnblygoes cinerea. 

2. Manmatha straminea. 

3. Pyra-lis elachia. 

4. Pyralis fratema. 

5. Pvra]is nannodes. 



6. Aglossa achatina. 

7. Microsca pallida. 

8. Microsca exusLa. 

9. Microsca ardens. 

10. Rhodana placens. 



11. Pihodaria arr^atF 
12.Ennychia assirmlis. 

13. Enrr/chia linribata. 

14. Ennj.'chia astrifera. 
iS.Desmia stellaris. 



LEE HET. PI. LIX. 






2. 



3. 








5. 



6. 






9. 





./ 




]0. 



12. 






13. 



14. 



15. 



R.Mintern 4. A.H. Searle del. 



Mintem Bros 



1. Samea butyrosa. 6. Hymenia tr-;color. 

2. Samea magna. 7. O]igostigma corculina. 

3. Samea usitata. 8. Hydrocsampa cretacea. 

4. Samea gracilis. 8. Zetronia argwia. 

5. Asopia misera. lO.Asturs, striata. 



11. Botys inornata. 

12. Botys aurea. 

13. Botys arbiter. 

14. Circobotys nycteriiia. 

15. Soopula testacea. 



imp. 



LEP. HET. PL LX. 







5. 





2. 









10. 



12. 






1+. 



13. 



15. 



H.Mi'nternitA.H. Searle del. 

1. Melissoblapbes tenetrosus. 

2. Crambus whiielyi. 

3. Pcundemis sinapina. 

4. Cacoecia sinjiKs. 

5. Sc!3.oHla fumoBa. 



Miniem Bros inro 



G. SciapKla cupreifera. 
7. Phoxopteryx piJchra. 
8." Penthina cuphostra. 

9. Peiithina acharis. 

10. Simasthis hyiigenes. 



11. Hyponomeula polyslicta. 

12. Cerostoma strigosa. 

13. Depressana nomia. 

14. QLcophora enapiserrta. 

15. Safra lignea. 



C) 



QL British -[useuTi (N«i.tural 
5/..3 Dept. of Zoology 
B3" Illustrations of typi 
pt.3 specimens of Lepidoptera 
ocera 

BioMed 



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