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D,B,l,;eaB,G00glc !^* 


Gift of 
n H, Rmd 









Illustrative Notes 


Sunday-School Lessons 

FOR 1891 









Copyiieht, 1893, by 
New York. 



THE Sonday-echool is one of the great social forces of our time. 
Eveiy week of the jear it brings together in America alone nearly 
ten millions of people, many of vhom are children and yonth in 
the formative period of life, and others men and women of character to 
control the rising generation. The constitnency of the Sanday-school 
ie one sixth of onr population, and it is an element which inflnences 
the other five sixths. The investigator in politics and social science 
mnst be shortsighted who &ils to take into account these ten million 
Eible stndents in his estimate of the elements which enter into oar 
national life. 

The Sanday-school differs from all other schools in that it employs 
bnt one text-book. Visit every class of every department in the Sunday- 
school and yon find therein one book stndied, and one only — the Bible. 
The Snnday-flchool as an institntion exists for the purpose of teaching 
the word of God to yonng and old. And in the Snnday-^chool of to- 
day there is one unique feature : all the schools in the land — with 
exceptions so few as not to deserve notice — use the same selections of 
Scripture on the same Snnday. The adoption of the Uniform Lessons, 
which began in 1873, was a great step, not only toward Chi-istian unity, 
bnt toward efficiency and thoronghness in the study of the Bible. More 
eyes than ever before have been turned npon the sacred page ; more 
Bibles have been circulated ; more and better expositions have been 
prepared and published, and even the Bible world itself has been 
investigated as never before to throw its light upon the interprGtation 
of Scripture. As a result, there is a more general and more intelligent 
faith than the history of the Church can thow in the past The 
generation which feeds npon the sincere milk of the word will surely 
grow to strength and completeness of Christian character. 

With the Uniform Lessons came a necessity for improved lesson 
helps. It is idle to recommend teachers and scholars to stndy the text 

384355 »."»wGooglc 


of the Bible alone, " without oote or comment." To do this is to ignore 
all that Bcliolars in past ages have learned and all that Btndents of the 
present age are learning. Tlie wise teacher will lay every department 
of knowledge under tribnte that he may the better interpret the mind 
of the Spirit in the written word. Let him stndy thoronghly his lesson 
from his own Bible ; bnt let him also hare as good a conimentaij as he 
can obtain, and make diligent nse of it. And since bnt few teachers 
can enjoy the advantages of a libraiy, with its varied expositors, a 
commentary such as onre, containing gems from many mines, the beet 
tlioaghte of tlie beet thinkers, will always have a place. 

This book is a growth, a development In 1872 appeared a thin 
Tolnme of 102 pages, " The Lesson Uoupend, by two Bible students." 
Their names do not appear on the title, bnt they ore now known and 
honored as Bishop John H. Yincent, LL.D., and President George H. 
Whitney, D-D. Year by year the " Compend " grew, and in 1880 it 
became ** Thb Lbsson Couhentakt," enlarged both in size and in scope. 
Many Bible students have aided in its preparation, and the authorities 
qnoted in its annual volumes would constitute a large library. Another 
advfinco is made in the present volume, indicated by its new title, " Ah 


what less space is given to details of exposition, which may be found in 
every lesson help, and much more to bright thoughts, innstrative 
anecdotes, and plans of instruction. The largcstshareofthe actual work 
in the preparation of this volume lias been done by the Assistant Editor 
in the lesson department, Mr. Kobebt li. Dohbbit, Fh.D., who has made 
the compilation of anthorities and written the expositions and the 
jnttctioal thoughts for teachers. The Illustrations, a new department, 
have been gathered by the Kev. William A. Dickboh. The Rev. Dr. 
A, B. Tail has prepared the Library Iteferences. The Editor lias 
written tlie Teaching Hints. 

We commend this volnnio to every teacher of the Sunday'School 
lessons and to every lover of God's word, praying that by the influence 
of the Holy Spirit it may prove an aid to their work of interpreting 
and imparting the tmtli of Gkid. 


Kcw Tear, JTov 30, 1S90. 



wuuUBB oosasBxnsa too kutodou or isbaxl. 

First Quartsr. 

1. Jul 4.— Tm KiHai)0> Ditidid. 1 Xing* 
13. I-IT. ComaM n*. iS-U. Golden Text : 
Pride BCHll) bdDre deatmotlon, ud ft huistatr 
Mrll betm ft luU. Pror. IS. IS. 

n. Jul 1 1. —Idolatry IR IiSAEL. 1 KlDffi 11. K-]B. 
Oonmlt n. S8-aD. Ooldin Tut : Tbou ulutlt 
■ut make DDto Ihag uij RTftTm Imige. Eiod. 


nL Jmc. IB. — GOD^ OiBi or Eujui. 1 EiDBi 
IT. I-IBL Comrnit n. S-S. GoLDiir Text : 
Tb«7 tbM noK ItaB Lonl ihftll Dot want mn; 
■ood tblnff. Pm. SI. 10. 


IKlDnlB-B-tt. Cnm m(t t«. 18, M. GOLDEN 
Text: Bow Inns bftltje between tvooplaloiu? 
U Ibe Lord be God, foUow bim. 1 Klnsi IB. «. 

T. I«b. I.— Kluah ai HOeeb. 1 KlDS> 19. 1-lB. 
Conuntt tii.a,ll>. Golden Text: rear doi, 
bir I am wKb ttMa, uid will U«aa tliee. Gen. 

n, leb. B.— Arab's CoTEracsKESs. I KInfn 
n.-18. Omuiitt m, 15, is. Goldeh Text: 
Tike twed. uid btwftre Dt coTetoransB. Luke 

yn. I 

ro BEATEN. SKInsi 

1: IS-S. Conunlt ». lS-14. Qolden Text : Not 
bj mlffbt, DOT b; powsr, but br my SplilC, uiUi 
the Uwd of btnti. Zecb.1.6. 

a. XanD 1.— TBI BBUITAiaaTE^ Soh. S SIiirii 
*.»-an. CMwi(ll«>.ll-Sl GOLDEN Text: Tbe 
rubor TRlnUi Dp IM deul, and qulckeoelb 
tbcm. John 0. n. 

Z. Ibmi «.— NaaHAM Beaud. 1 KlDfli B. 1-U. 
Commit vt. la. IS. OOLDEN text: Wbo (or- 
llt*e(l> in (blM InlqDiUM ; wbo bsftletb at] tbj 
dtacMM. Fn.m.8. 

Comma n. K-t?. Golden Text: Be aure 
joorriD wmilDilTaaDat. Kum.a3.St. 


B. 8-18. Canma in. IViT. Golden Text : Fear 
not; tor Ibey t&at ba wlUi as are more Iban 
Her tMt b« wim tbem. I Klnga 8. IB. 
nn. lUrdt W.— BCTiEw; or, TemperaDoe Les- 
■n, IM. 0. ll-«i or, " 
11. 1-IO. 

I. April B.— 6ATID TBOU FAHINE. > KiDgl 7. 1-lS. 

Convmtt va. 8. 0. Golden Text: that men 
would praise tbe Loid !«- tala KoodnBu, and for 
bis woDdertuI works to tbe cblldran at men. 
Psa. 107. 8. 

II. April IS.— The GOOD and ETiL Bf Jane, 
a KiDsa 10. IS-Bl. Oi>nunlt n. £6-tft. GOLDBN 
Text: Han looketb od U» outward appeanuice, 
but tbe Loid lookelb on ibe beart. 1 Bsdl 10. 7, 

III. April IS.— Jonah Sent to Ninxteh. Jonab 1. 
I-IT. Commit PS. 14-lS. Golden Text: Preucb 
unto It tbe preacblns ibat I Ud tben. Jonab s. i. 

IT. April SS.— Nineteh Bboeoht to Befentance. 
Jonah B. l-IO. Commit ta. 9. 10. Golden 
TKIT : Tbe men at Nlnereb shall rise up Id 
ludnment wltb Ihla seneraUan, and ibatl eon- 
demn It : lor ther repeolad at the preioblnir of 
Jdou ; and. behold, a srealar than Jonu la 
bei«, Luke 11. 3S. 

CDnMnl(iB.s-8. Golden text: Be tbat, belnx 
oflan nproTed, bardenetb his mA, shall lud- 
denlTbe ikMrored,and that wlthoot renwdr. 


Amos 8. 1-M. Commit va. 11, IS. Golden 
Text: Whosoerer hatn uat, from blm ah^ 
be taken STen that which he nemetb io bara. 
Luke 8. IB. 

Til. Unj 17.— Sin the Oadbe or SObbOW. Hoi. 
10. <-lS. Commit n. K, 13. GOLDEN TEXT: 
Your Iniquities hara aepanled between tod 
and Tonr God. Isa. GS. a. 

Till. Uaj S4.— CArnrrrr or Ihbael. b Kings 
n.S-lS. Coinmtl m. IS-I8. Golden Text: 
Becauae je hare fomken the Lord, be hath 
also forsakeD jou. S Ctaroa. 24. SO. 


St. 4-IS. Comma in. 8-10. Golden Text: 

God lOTetb a cheerful bItbt. S Cor. S. 7. 

Z. JuneT.— HBXEiAa the GOOD Itnq. SOuvn. 
SB. I-ll. Comma ts. 10, 11. GOLDEN TiXTi 
Tbem that honor me I will honor. 1 Sam. 9. SO. 

XI. June H.— Thi Boox or the Law Found. 
It ChroD. as. 14^98. CommU in. 14-lS. Golden 
Text : Tbe law ot th; mouth li better ualo me 
tbonihouaandaoteold and silTer. Faa.lig.TS. 

ZU. June SI.— CAPTiTiTT or Jitdah. S XIp([i 
SB. 1-lt. Comma a. 4-S. Golden Text : Codw, 
and let us reUim unto tbe Lord. Boa. S. I. 

sni. June 38.- ItEViEW ; or. Temperance Idnon, 
IsB. :& l~ia ; or, lllsaIonai7 Unoa, laa. 
SO. 1-ia. 



*Ililrd Quarto F, 

L Jatf K^-Thi WOkd Midi FuBB. J(An 1. l-IB. 
OnniTnlt vt. 11-18, GOLDKN WIT; The Word 
WM mida fleslL, and dwolt ■moDg lu. loba 


1. sa-tf. Commit M. 4(MS. Gouici Text; 
Bebuld Um I^mb ot Ood, wtilcb takelli am]' Ue 
dn ot Uie inirii] I lobn 1. 3>. 

III. July ]>.— CBKiST'B First iIibacli. Jotin 
1.1-11. ComniUM. 1-0. GoldinTkxt: THIB 
beKliinliiff ol mtnclea did Jeaon In Caaa ot 
Oalllee, aad muiUesied torth till gloi?. John 
t. II. 

iV. JnlT S6.— OHKigf Aim NlooriEiirs. John 
I. I~17. CiHnina m. 14-lT. QOLDWt Text: 
Tor God so loved tbe world. Uiat be fcave til9 
oniT begotten Sod, Uut vbosoeiar beUereUi In 
blm ibuuld not parlab, bat Iwto erorlaaUns 
lite. JDttnS. 10. 

T. Ang.E. — Chsibtit JioDB's Well. John 4. 5-St. 
Commit m. IS, 14. Oolden Tut : Whoin- 
erer wUl, let blm take ot the water of lUo 
ireelj. Her. SS. 17. 

TI. Aug. B.— ChMbt'B ADTRoBiTt. Jobn S. IT-aO. 
Comnvtt vf. Ur-xr, Golden TCXT: All power 
t) giTen DDlo me la beavsn and la earth. Hatt. 

Vn. Aug. IS.—Thi Tm Thodbahd Fid. Jobn 
e. 1-14. Cntnmd t*. H-IS. Gdlddi Text; I 
am tbe bread of life. Jobn 8.48. 

VIII. Aug. VS.— Chriht TBI Bhiad or Lira. Jobn 
8. aS-40. CommU ta. SB-8tl. Ooldih Tkxt ; 
Lord, evermnre glre ua this bread. John B, 34, 

IX. Aug. SO.— CHRIST At THE FEAST. JobD 7. 31-M. 

Comma oa. ai-38. Ooldeh Text: U anf 

man thtrat, let hjm come unto me, and drink. 
John 7. SI. 

X. Bept. 8.— The Trite Childun or God. John 
8. 81-47. Commit ta. 33-M. GoLntX Text; 
ii man; a recetied him, to tliem gave be 
power ID become Ibe KHM of l}'jd. Jobn I, la. 

n. Sept, U.—CBKISr *SD THE BLIND MiH. John 
9. 1-11 and SS-3a. Commit rx. SSSA. aouiK.v 
TiXT : One thing I know, that, whereaa I wua 
blind, now t aee. John 9. ib, 

xn. Bept. so.— Chriht TBI Good Shb^ird. John 
10.1-IS. Commit t». 14-18. OolDinTut: The 
I,ordliin7tiiepherd,IihaII not want. PBa.!8.I. 

ZUI. Bept. B7.— Review; or, Temperanoe LuMon, 
ppot. 4. 18-W, or, "" 
10. K-85. 

Jenu said unto her, I an 
Uia Ule. John II. ZS. 

II. Old. 11.— Christ Fohetellino his death. 
John IS. BO-SO. Commit nx. K^ at. Golden 
Text ; And 1. tt I be lifted up trom the earth. 
Till draw all men onto me. John IX. tt. 

III. Oct. 18.— Wasuikci THE Dncirua' Feet. Jidm 
ia. 1-17. Commit M. 16-17. fioj-DKi Text; 
Let tbl> mind be In jou, whlcb Was aln In 
CbrlBt Jesui. Phlt. a. S. 


Jobn 14. 1-3 and 1E-37. Commit t». 1-8. QoLniN 
Text : I will pray the Father, and be ahall 
give yon anoltier Comlorler, that he may UMe 

■ Hoy. 1.— CBKIBT TBI Tutu Tine. John 18. 1 
Oimmlt i« 4, E. Golden Text: Bereti 
mr Father glorlBed, that je bear moch t 


VL Nov. 8.— Tbe Wobe or the Holt Bpibit. 
JiAn 18. 1-lB. Omimlt m. 18. 14. GOlDIh 
Tkxt : He will goMe you Inio all troth. Jobn 

Til. Nor. IG.—CHBUT'e Prates roa his Disci- 
FLEa. Jobn 17. 1-19. Commit us. 17-le. goldes 
Text : He erer Ureth to nu 

Till. Nor. in.— CBUST BiFHATED. John IS. 1-11. 
Dimmit tn. 4-6. Golden Text : The Bon oC 
man labetmyedlnlothehaodgolilnnen. Itaik 
14. 41. 

IX. Not. 19.— CBBiar Betori Pilate. John 
W. 1-18. Commit tn. B-7, ooldek Text: 
Who was dellreml tor oar oSbngea, and nlwd 
again for our JoiuacBUoa. Bom. 4. is. 

X. Deo. 8.— ChkisT CaccinED. John 13. 17-80. 
Cummltin. 17-19. Golden Text: WorQuM 
also batb once BoSered for our alni. I PM. 8. 18. 

XI. Deo. IS,— Christ EiBiir. JohnSO. 1-ia. Com- 
mit m. 14-18. GOLDEN text: It la C&rlH 
that died, yea ralber, tlutt la rSAn again. 
Rom. S. 81. 

XII. Dec )M.— THE Risen CHHim and hie DMOI- 
FLEB. John 91. 1-14. Comma n. 13-14. GoLDCn 
Text : It rs then be rlaen with ChrM, aeek 
those thtnga which are above, where ChrlM 
iltt«thaniherlKbthandof Ood. C(d.S.l. 

XIII. Dec. zr.- Rxniw : or, kaaon to be ntodal 
^tha acho(4. , . 

oyGoo»^Ic , 


Abbott, liTiDui. 




Adum, JohD Q. 

Canbridf. mis. 

Gonlbum. ' 

AddiBOD, Joseph. 

Cmpb.ll, Thomas 

Drydan, John. 




Dunokar, Uai W. 

Guthrie, Thomaa. 

Andrew*, S. J. 

Cecil, Kiohiml. 

AjikM, Matthew. 

ChalinoTB, Thomiuu 


Hall, John. 

Amot, W. 

CharloB, Mn. 

Edanhdm, Alft*d. 


Aithnr, Wm. 

ChMver, G. B. 

Eliot, Q»rge. 

Hall, Newman. 

Oiriitiaa Agt. 



Anralim, Uucos. 

ChrjMrtom, Bt 

Enienon, R. W. 

Hall, 8. C. 

Cl«rkB, Adam. 

Ewald, H. 


CUriad LOrary. 

Ewiog. Btahop. 

HamUtoo, Jamea. 

Bihr. J. C. F. 


E-jx»uor'$ mu 

BdlliB, JMUIDI. 

Clough, Arthur H. 


B>d«, John. 

Cobdan, Bioharf. 

Fabo', T. W. 

Hare, A. V. 

Coleridge, Hartley. 

Fallowi, Biahop. 

Hare, J. C. 

B>m<., Ch«. a. 


Farrar, P. W. 

IlavDtga], F. B. 


Colton, Q. (J. 


B»t>r, Biohud. 

Cook, Dr. F. 

Field, Cyraa W. 


Beiufort, CudiML 

Cook, JoMph. 

Foats Cy™ D. 

Help., Blr Arthor. 

Comwdl, Barry. 

Foater, John. 

Hcndoiaon, E. 

B*echer,H. W. 


CoTcrdalc, Hilaa. 

FiHioaD.J. M.. 

Henry. Matthew. 

Cowles, lltmry. 

Frauds, J. A. 

Ilurbert, Gtorge. 

SiU4 Diai«>ari«. 

Cowper, William, 

Fry, Eliaabelh.. 

Hill, Rowland. 


Cmbbe, Qeorge. 

Fuller, Andrew. 

Illtzig, F. 

Btaokie, J. 6lnKl. 

Creik, Hn. 


Boiur, Homtiu* 

Creamer, Abp. 

Hugo, Victor. 

Bawell, Jwus. 

Crorowall, OUver. 

Gardiner, Stephen. 

Huuter, W. 


Culroea, Dr. 


Hurlbut, J. L: 


Cuimnuifr, John. 

Gay, John. 

Honrt, J. F. 

Boyd, A. K. H. 

Cnylw, T, L. 

Gelkie, C. 


Glodatone, Wm. 


BrookB, PhilUp^ 

Dante, AlighlM. 



BrownlDg, E. B. 

I>a\-id<nn, Thain. 

Goldamlth, Oliver. 


Daveoo, Qaoige. 

Oood Ward,. 



DolitsKh, Frani. 

Gough, J. B. 

Jay, John. 

Bnnrui, John. 

Gray, J. Comper. 

Jaromo, Balnt 

Bnmb, Thomas. 


Ortrh Ztnieoa,. 

Johnaon, BamnaL 

Borice, Edmund. 

Ulokena, Charlea, 

Qrik end ShfUih 

Jona, J. 

BmhncU, Doivc. 

Dicku^n. W. A. 


Jisephna, FlaTiua. 


DUrteU, I. 


Byron, Lord. 

Dodge, Eboneier. 

Greeuweli, Don. 

Doherty, Bobert B. 


Elallach. David. 

Cdrd, John. 

Donm, John. 

Keil, C. F. 

Calvin, John. 

DarduM«r, Daidel. 


Eennieott, BenJ. 



Ear, Norman 8. 
Eitto, Jolio. 
EmmniMdioT, F. W. 

I^maitinc, Alplionno. 
Idngo, J. F. 
Xtytid, A. n. 
Lelnnd, J. B. 
Ituon GoaimaOaiy. 
Lewis, Din. 
Uddnn, Canon. 
Lincoln, Abraliam. 
Little, Charlia E. 
Livinffstane, D. R. 
Longfellow, I!. W. 
Longklog, Josoph. 

Loripg, F. W. 
Lowall, J. R. 
LanbT, J. B. 
Luther, Maitin. 

HrauiUy, T. B. 

Madlonuld, Geoifte. 
Hadaran, A. 

Uuon, John, 

Uaurice, J. P. D. 
MoCotb, Dr. 

Mendenball, J. W. 

Heredlll), Otorge. 
Ifsrie D'Aubi)^ 
MejsT, II. A. W. 
IGlnUD, H. n. 
MiltoD, Jobn. 

llotbtt, Bobert. 
Jfont^maTy, Un. 
Uoodf, DwiftiiC L. 
Hours, Thomiui. 
More, Hannah. 

Nuvman, J. H. 
Newmui, J. P. 
KewtoQ, John. 
NevtoD, Bichmrd. 

Nighl^ngala, Flonmce. 

Olin, Stephen. 



Oaiander, Andteaa. 

Ocway, Thoinaa. 


Oiandan, JuHtton. 

Palinar, Bay. 

Puenon, Dr. H. S. 

Patrick, Bishop. 

PattenoD, H.B. 

Payaon, Dr. 

Pearae, HbHi Ouj. 

" wne, J. J. a. 




Pitt, William. 


Plummer, A. 

Plumptra, E. U. 


Pope, AleicandeT. 

Pope, W. B. 

Porter, J. L. 

ProctOT, B. W. 

Pnnahon, Wm. H. 

Poaay, E. B. 

Baloigh, Walter. 


Bieliardaon, B, W, 

Biohordaon, Ihr. B. W, 

Rldpotb, J. C. 

Robertxin, F. W. 

Boblnaon, Ednrd. 


Smdiii], John. 
Byle, J. C. 

Sandny, Dr. 
Sayce, A. B. 

Soott, Wallar. 

SbalceapMra, WilBuo. 
Shallay, P. B. 
Shlpton, Anna. 
Biculns, DiodoniB. 

Bmilei, Bamnal, 
Bmith, Q. A. 
Sooth, Sobett. 
Sonthey, Boborl 

Bpenoer, Uerbcrt. 
Bpnigaon, Charlea. 
Slanley , A. P. 
Stanley, Henry H. 
Btnrka, C. 
SUvena, Abd. 
Slowa, H. B. 
Stoof hton. Dr. 
Snmner, V. O. 
Sundttf-Sdool Jtmr- 

Talmaga, T. De WitL 
Tiiylor, W. M. 
Tennyson, Lord. 
Teny, Milton B. 
Tedtntony a/ lit Ago. 

Tlialnok, F. A. B. 
ThoDUOD, W. M. 
Thoreau, H. D. 
Thwli«, Jit. 

Timba, John. 
Todd, John. 
Townaand, L. T. 
Trendi, B. C. 

Topper. M. F. 
Tj'ndale, William. 
TyndikU, John. 

Usher, Arabblahop. 

Yarley, Stsphao. 
Tinoent, John H. 
Vinoeat, Harrin E. 

WiUt», Isane. 
Watltins IL W. 
Wsugh, Dr. 
Wesley, CharlM. 
Wmley, Joiin. 
Waatcolt, B. P. 
Whateiey, Bicbard. 
Whedon, D. D. 
White, U. K. 
Whilefleld, George. 
Whitehall, Thonios. 
Wliitman, O«orga H. 
Whittier, Jolio Q. 
Wielif, John. 
Wiley, L W. 
Wilkinaon, Oardiner. 
Wllkinaon, J. O. 
Willson, Mareua. 
Wlllson, H. P. 
Wilmol, David. 

Wonlswortli,Wit lliun. 
Toting, Edward. 




Tbb following worka h&ve be«D used in pfeparing tlie " libnury BeforaicM," 
and ve believod to be the beat books oa the subjects: 

Clarka, Adam. On tlte whole Bible. 
Sairy, Matthea. Oa the whole Bibk. 
Meyer. The Holf Scriptures. 
The Sptaim'^t Commentary, 
The CarrJiridffe BOle. 

Keil aad Bertheau on Kings and Chronicles. 
Biehom. The Hebrew Prophets, 
Bmald. The Prophets of tho Old Covenant 
KeU. Biblical Commentary on the Minor Prophets. 
BengiUnberg. Christology of the Old Testament. 
Ptuey. The Minor Prophets. 
Cowle*. The Minor Prophet*. 

Herzog, Smith, Eitto, McClintock & Strong, Abbott. 

Bwuen. Egypt's Place in Universal History. 4 vols. 
Saielinton. ItoHgion of the Assyrians. 
BateatBen. The Religinn of Babylonia. 
Firmoci. The Bible and Contemporary History. 2 vols. 
BaiBion, Egypt and Syria, their Physiual Features In Relation to Bibk 

Mauriee, Prophets and Kings. 

OtteneU EiDgdoniB of brael and Jndsh. 

Ewdd, History of Israel. 

Saalituffn. Historical Evidences, and also Historical XHustratlons. 

BUmUy^* Jewish Church. 

Kitto, Bibla Ulustntions. 

Sauliruim. Ancient Monarchies. 

Bbmfi» Scriptural Cuiuctdencea. 




KiriL UADual ot Biblical Arctuealog;, conaenuDg Baciifice, Worahip, Social 
RelatioDB, Acts of Worship, etc 2 Tola. 

Bayee. Fresh Light from Asdent Honumenta. * 

Biudl. Biblical Antiquities. A Hukd-book. 

CondM-. Stone Lore of 8;riK. 

Sajfut. Lectures on the Origin and Qrowth of BeUglon M lUiutroted b; the 
B^fpon of Ancient Babylon. 

Porter. Oiont Cities of BBBb&n. 

Barday. Recovery of Jerusalem. 

Stanley. Sinai and Palestine. 

MeOregor, The Rob Roy on the Jordan. 

Layard. Discoveries tn Nineveh. 

Fergumtn. Palaces of Nineveh Restored. 

Smith. Recent Aasyrian Discoveries. 

Newman. Thrones and Palaces of Babylon and Nineveh, 

SiMmoaU Physical Qeography of Paleatine. 

Van Lenn^'t Bible Lands. 

Jiobtrti'i Oriental 111 iist ret ions. 

Trutram't Natural History of the Bible. 

QeikU. Houn with the Bible. 
JtatcliTuoji'i Modem Skeiilicisni. 
Tuet. Hand-book of Biblical Difficulties. 
Thing* net QeneraUy Known, 


IPQltiiwn. Hanneis and Customs of the Ancient Egyptians, Including tbdr 
Religion. 8 vols. 

Burden. Oriental Cnstoms. 

Tritlram. The Land of laraeL 

PoUmger'i Jew and Gentile. 

Also ThcmiMt, Geiiie, Ederthnm, SfAHrer, f^tmnan, J\tet, etc., quoted under 
authorities on St. John. 

WiUiam M. Tayhr, Krummacher, Sderihmm, Macduff, Ltnerie. 



Tot the greater part the references are to the generd literature od the vhole New 
TeatameDt. We refer to the books that seem best to ub. Several of than are 
equallj useful in the itud; of the other gospels. 

(I.) Tkarhlatiosb Frok thb Gebkax. 
Suigel, OUAautm, Meyar, Tholuek, HengUenberg, StUr. 


E^eoU. "Handy Gommentarj," written by H. W. Watkiiu^ D.D. I%1b 
Tohime has Tei; great value, 

Alford. Brief, critical, eoond, and careful. 

Worditorth, Reverent, patristic, but nneqnal. 

WMtott in " Speaker's Commentary," thorough and valuable. 

Jfduriee. SiscourBes on the Gospel of Bt. John. Very suggestive, but not 
always safe. 

Byh. Expoutions of the Oospel of SL John. 8 vols. A useful, popular 

Tht Cambridge Biblt. 


Maeimaid. The Life and Writings of Bt. John. Tbe beat single volume on 
tiie subject. 

Lymaa Abbott, Very able and suggestive. 

Whedon, Biilliaat, bold, vigorous, 

Ovrry. Edition of Adtaa Glarlca. Sound, careful, scholarly, 

Sehaff. "Popular Commentary." Oood for general use. 

Jaeobu*. Scholarly, clear. 

Banu*. Homileticol, useful. 


Of the many livra of Christ each oue baa some special merit. But judging by 
many tests we arrange them in the following order : 

Bdenheim. 2 vols. The most valuable contribution to the subject for a 
generation. A great work in every way, 

AndroB*. A moat vivid condensed presentation of the living Christ, with a 
most careful study of the events and of alleged discrepancies, but not of a popular 

QeHae, A vivi<1, realistic, interesting book to read. 

farraf. A wonderfully brilliant and vigorous presentation of the acenea, 
events, and peoi>le. Not always accurate, but charming and popular. 

Jleaadar. Scholarly and philosophic, leading the way in the new style of 
tnitiiig Christ's life. 




Sardwitke. "Obrist and Other Hasten." A fine stjle, ehowing Christ's 
life and worlc bj contrast with the best human teachers. 

Of some ot tha mora recent and less elaborate lives of Christ we notice the 
Kfllowingf ; 

Boatdmmt Slalttr, md ToUwif, the laat two dwelling largely on "the diTine 


BdanAtim. " Sketches of Jewish Social Life." Very useful and inslructive. 
A mine of Tatuabie lAateriaL 

Ederihtim. "The Temple and Its Berrioes." The very best bo<d: on tlte 
Rubject, and full of information. 

SehSrar. " Jewish People of the Ttme of Christ." A most ramarkable work. 
I VdIh. Bfnch new and valuable light from Jewish sources. 

F^vtman. "Bible Hannera and Customs." A splendid hand-book on the 

" Biblical Things not Genenlly Known." A compilation from many sonrcea. 

MffgUttoH, "Christ in Literature," giving the studies of the great masten. 


Dr. TJumatm. "The Land and the Book." 3 vols. The best general 
deacriptiou of the Land, showing how it proves the truthfulness of the Book, A 
new and expensive edition in three voluma, splendidly illustrated, with much new 

GeikU. " The Holy Land and the Bible." A new and useful work, written 
on the spot, and similar to Thomson's. 

Btopfvr. "Palestine in the Time of Christ. ** A new and most valuable 

Stanley, "Bind and Palestine." Full of charming descriptions and 
historical groupings, Very suggestive. 

Condor. " Tent Life in Palestine," giving valuable results of recent sorveys 
and eiplorations in Palestine. 

Pt?rler. "Hand-book of Bjria and Palestine." Used by Hurray as. a guide- 
4>ook for travelers through the Holy Land. 


Wttaott and Sort, " The New Testament in the Original Greek." Acknowl- 
etiged by scholars as the best edition of the simple Greek Text. Dr. Bchaft has 
«dlted a volume with this text on one page and the Bevised Version on the nest. 

A^ord. "6reek Testament," The best work of the kind that has also an 
English commentary on the text. 

ViiKmt, M. R. " Word Studies." A work of very great worth, giving tha 
English reader who knows little or nothing of Greek a knowledge of tlie treasure* 
of meaning in ringle words. It HUs a real want, 

Thayer, " Greek-Snglish Lexicon of the New Testament" By far the beat 
work of the kind, 



TVmiA "New Test4meiit SjiioDyms." Very able, and often most auggeatire 
and tuefoL 

Greek and Hn^^Iah Hanapalaa. 
Btrmg. " Greek Harmony o( the GospeU." 
BMiivn. ".Hamony of the GoBpela." 

tfr^fwry. " Wly Four GospeU I " 
JUa*. " The Four GospeU." 
Wt^eott. " iDtroductiou to the Btudy of the QoepeU." 

Ford. "The Gospel of BL John Illuatrated," from ancient and mod«ni 

Butl«r. " The KbleSeader'a Commentary." Selected from over two huadrod 

Ttuk. "Hand-book of Biblical Difflcnltiea," The solutioii py«n by the great 
■Dthoritiei of all achoole of IhonghL 


T&tf Sa/HMitor. First Scries, 13 toU. Second Series, 8 toU. Third Serieiv 
8 toUl The beat resnlts of ancient and modem biblical learning in a comprehen- 
dve, popular, and sttnctive form. 

TAt Edueator. 

Tha Siblieal Trtamty, 9 vols. A great amount of learning and inreBtigation 
in ■ cheftp, popolat fona vitb « lai^ amonnt of iUastrative material. 



Stodiea Gonoemtiig tho Elu^om of Ixrul mre to ooonpy our time u Bandaf -«ehool tsaohen 
■nd itudeDtB dnrliig the flrat dix moDthi or ths ye&r 18S1. Thou itudiea have bma salactcd ; ui 
from lint KEoga, ten (him Sooond Kingi, throe fVom Saoond CbrouidM, two from tha Propheoj 
of Jotuh, two fmai Ihe Prophocjr of Amoa, uDd oog from tho Prophasf of HoM*, witb (bur 
Optioiul tempeivnco or misiiloiurf !««□□■, all of wbioh hava beeo Belecsted {h>m tho Propheoy of 
iMdah. Tha boolu from which tfas lenmna hava boea thiw Heleqted are in themBBlvea psouliari]' 
bttarotiDg to Bibla iitudBBta. The booka of Kiogs were bo oiled from Ihair benng a, record of the 
kings of larael and Jadoh, and fonn a direct oODlinoaldan of the boolia of Saniuet, glTiog the bii- 
tor; of Iha Hebrew monnroh; down to the deetniction of Janualem hj Neliuchadneziar. The 
diTiuDD into tha two bookn was flnit made hy tho Jewish clerk* who turned thur Bibla into the 
Greek Unffnage (the Beptiuglnt) and the two parta were originallj called tha Third lod Fonrth 
booki of Kingdoms of Kings. The books of Samuel formed tha flnt and Bcoood. Thii division 
«r their work into two parts 1h altogether neodleas, arbitiary, and vary awkwiiid, an will ba eaps- 
oisllj seen in the dlTlsloD between First and Second Kings. It is impossible to decide tbo qnes' 
tion of their authorship ; Jeremiaii, £ini, and Barak hava been oaiyeotnred ; but the authonhip 
of Kings, like that of inaaj other Old Teetament bookii, must forever remain uncertain. The 
nlUnuite eource was doubtless tba public oBlolsl aDnals of the two kingdoms as preparod by 
the soribes and recordera and kept as national archiTea, The Chroniolea also, in the andent 
Hebrew, were one undivided work, and, lltce Kings, were divided by tha Septuaeint truudaton. 
The workia mnch later than that of Kings, and waa written after the r«tum ttom Babylon. Ena 
Diay hava been the author, though that ia not oertaln. 'Whoever It was seams to hava used tan- 
fiilly a large amountofcontoni]ioraDeouii literature, moch of wbK-h ianow lost. The fimt book has 
• paouUar value becauae of its thoroughly natioosl and iitiomatlo character. The four hooka of 
propheoy tnm which selections have been made In those lawns were all oootemponmeous with 
the book of Kings. The characteristics of their worba are sufflciently alluded to in the introdua- 
tiona to tha aeveral lowona. ' 

The following ia a synop^ of the history of the two laraeUtUh kingdoms. It will be (bund of 
•crvice by the student. It, as well aa much of the preceding paragraphs, haa been condenaad 
ttma Dr. Terry'a acholarly commentary on the Klnga and Chroidoles, and from BUhop Hurat'a 
admirable Outline of Bible Ulstory. 

1. Bflhoboam, son and sucoessor of Bolcmon, was fbrty-oue yean old oo hia acceation to 
the throne, B. C. 879. The people demanded redress (br tlieir grievances, and, being refuiwd, ten 
tribes revolted and made Jeroboam king. Two tribes, Judoh and Benjumin, nnulned faithful to 
UeholKHUD, who bec&mo king of Judah. Judsh still wonhiped tiie true God at Jenualem, bnt 
Jeroboam mado two golden calves for Isniel, one in Bcth-el and the other in Dun. The kingdom of 
Israel la-itod two hundred and flftj-four jaars (B. C, 9T5-12r), and that of JudaiJ three hundred and 
elghtyHMven years, B. C. CSS. Israel hod nineteen kings and Judsh twmty, oounCing Athalish. 

8. BostUlty between the Two Klncdoma. Zdoloitry in IsTa«l.— Shmdiein rel'ullt by 
Jeroboam, and mode the ca[«tal of Lirael. Constant hostilltiea prevailed between tiie rival king- 
doms. Behohoom fortified his kingdom. The true aervaula of God in Israel left the con>iti7, 
becauae of the growing idolatry, and went to Judah. Bchoboam and hIa subjects now fell into 
idolatry and other grievous sins. Jerusalem surrendered to Shishak, King of Egypt, at the head 
of a great army of Libyans, Nubiazis, and Ethioplami, and the temple and Solomon's pulaoe wera 
d<«poilcd, B. C. BTO. 

8. AliUah, Am, and Kings of Brief Ztfllgn; Ahmb.— l>eathof Bebobonm, B. C. VST, anc 
•eeded by hia aon Abljah, who mude a desperate attempt to recover the Tea Tribes, and defeated 
the fbroes of Jeroboam in the mounlwD tsnge of Ephrum with great loss, Abijah died after a 



rci|[ii or three yean ; nuceeciluil by tiis win An, B. C. EISS. Ann's reign diiiltiiguiKhed by tha 
TvuioviU of idulH luiil a gcnunil relifcious rororm, tho ft>niliciitinn of froDtiur towtm, tliD <1efGst of 
Z<:ni Itie Etiiiufiitm ut thu liead nf b nrvnt aniiv. a boIcidd covoiunt witb God lo put to dcutli nil 
wlio pn>TcJ oDluitliful to him, tlic lioxtility of Bnaiha, King of Lsniel, knd ak'nguewitliBLD-lindnd, 
King of SyrU, agftiust Bnoslia. 

JeroboHiii'B aucciMior <v a liis *on Nndnb. a wiektd prinoo, vho vaa killod Bt the sie^ of 
GibbuCtioD liy Bauhn. Bnnnhn had rioen IVom the ranks ; he usurped the tJiiona, and deau-uynU 
the whole fiuiiil]' of NadHl>. 

Bnoaha died and uas aueoceded (B. C. BSO) by his son Elah, who wun bnrsly on the tbroiio- 
bvfore being nsnnN^inated by Ziniri, one of hia oaptnina. Ziiiiri'a brief niign of ''even daya vaa- 
Mnninated by Oniri, Elah's chief cnptain ; he attnclie-l Zimii at Tinah. Zimri Hrod hiii pulaiw 
and perULed in the flamed. Omri vuccoedcd him, and lived the former part of liis reign iiu 
Tinuli and the Inllur port in Bamario, n city built by himaelf aa a capital for his kingdomi. 
Alutb, Ilia son, euLucudcd him. Theao lamcIiLbih kings were all grota idolatera. Ahah's wib. 
TBI the cruel end wicked Jiiebcl. 

4. Jehoshaptiat Au, aller a loni; reign, auoeeeded by Jahoehaphnt, hia aon. Jehoshaphab 

garnaoned hb fcnoed eitiea, pulled dona Ihe heathen altara and g^ove^s inntructed the people ini 
tha law, defeated the riiiliiitmcs and Aiabiauii, who became tributary to him, united with Aiiab 
in nn nnauccoMftil war agnin^t the Syriann, nnd combined with Jorani and the king of ICdom In, 
a victorious war agninet the Mouhites. 

0. The Fropliat S2i)ah. — During Ahab'sTcign a great famine occurred, owing toa.droDght 
which Iwted tJirveyeata au'l a linlf. £lijah foretold to Abab the tiimioa, and then. flod to Ilia 
brook Cheiith, where he was suppiirted some time by raven!. He then went to Zerephnth, where 
he lodged with a poor widow, and rmraculoanly supplied her barrel with meal nnd \*r cruHe with 
oil, and restored her child to lire Orenc triumph of the worebip of Juhovnii on Mount Cnnnel, 
in a contMt botwei^n Elijah and the four hundred and fltty propheta of Baal. Tho prophet* of 
Bual Riain by tlio people at tho eomnuind of Elijah. Abundant rain in answer lo Slijaii's prayor. 
The prophet tliun withdrew to Beer-eheba, and thence to Horeb, and anointed. £iL>hu bis euo- 
ocHsor a» prophet. 

6. "War with tha Aasrrians. The Frophet SOlaha. — Samaria bosiegcdiby Bcn-hadad, 
King of Syria, B. C. UOl. Ahub, King of Israel, eucceaalul over him. Israel agiiin invaded, but 
tlia Syrians were ilefeiit<-d with gtuM nliiugliter at Aphek. Ahab and Jebosiinphut in war with 
the Syrians a few ycara later; Ahab killed, and suoceedod by hia son AbniJuh,.wbo4iatl B. C. 69T. 
Elijah was tmnHlntod to heaven in a cliarlot of fire, and Elisha took bi> place aa prophet. Ellohn 
healed an impure s|iring at Jcrivho by esAtlug in salt; multiplied tiie widow's- oil.; rKslaroU to 
lUb tiie son of a wculthy Shunaniniite ; rendered a pottage of poisonoiu gourds fit for food 
by pouring in meul; multiplied twenty barley loaves and some rom-tedcorn for one hundred men; 
amaoj an iron ai lo float on the water ; directed Naiiinnn, tlie leprous oaptajn.of tha Syrian army. 
In bathe seven times in iho Jonbu, and Nniiiiiun was healed thereby. 

7. Jelioniin, *)i.-t»hj Xthalioh, Joaah, Honaroha of Judab-^-Jchoahapbat vaa suo- 
eeeded by Jehoraiu, iii^ wicked son, who Ixignn hLi T^'ifu by murdering all bin brcthnin. Ilia 
son Aliaziah, nas niao a biid mannrch and an idolater. He was slain by the iBnieiilir'h usurper, 
Jehu, and auccended by Alhaliali, hia niolbor, wlio sou;Thc lo destroy all tlie seed royiiL Jonah, 
boweviT, Aluixi all's son, waa preserved by the family of Jebolada, the priest,, who in lime ovar- 
oame all oppoailion and plaood the young prince on tho throne. Joash served the true God during 
Iha life~time of this good priest, but alUTward bceama an idolater. ZacLariah, tha propliut, son of 
Jehoiada, waaNloned lo deutli for reproving him. 

8. Ahasiali, Joianx, Jehu, Jehoabas, Jelmull, Kings of Israel. — Ahaiinh, King of 
lorael, was succeeded i>y hia brother Jorani, who vas dnngcrausly wouudod in battle agalll^C 
Ilaiael, Eing of Syria. Jehu alow Jonini, and succcdcd him na kinfc of Unicl. Jehu died 
B. C. 8«G; his son and sucoeasor, Jehruhai, wiu wicked, and foil under tho power of liamel, 
who compelled him to limit bis army to Ally horsemen, ten chariots, and ten tliousaml inl'antiy. 
Hia nign inglorioua; followed by Jehooah, who, with his people, remained iD,iilaLitry. Ji^hoxsh 
tliice limea victorionn over the Byriana ; defeated Amaaiah, King of Judah, in luttle ; (lii<iiuin- 
tied the northern wall of Jerusalem, a&d carried off Uie aaonxl truaaurao, Johoaah ouceedod by 

9 17 



0. The Prophet Jonah.— JuuiUi waa cominituioucJ, [K-rljupii ibout li, C. 360 or k Uulg 
lalar, to go to Nineveh, the copibil of the gnutt empire of AKiyrin, nnd foretell iti datnutioD. 
filiriiikin^ fVnm tho tivk. ho link nhip for Tnmhisli ; but n pcai etonn orlKin)!;, lie ivua «iu>t orer- 
boiird. A ^rcat fisli BwaLloned liiiii, uiid nilur thrtHj diiya olpI him up cm dry taod. Aj^n coin- 
maiidad to go to Ninoveh, ho no loii([er nfuKo.l, and dockrod tlio dealniotion of that oUy in forty 
days. Tiis poiipla Hincorcly nspcntiiiic. the city vdh spuroil for mora thna another century. 

10. AmaEiaJi, tJni&h, and other Kings. — Jouih aluin by his wTvanta ; auoxedod by hU 
win Amniisli, n lud man. Ainniiiih »hiin, B, C. BIS, ttnd,BULi!«>ded by his son Uiiiah, who 
ruigned fif y-two yoBW, nnd wiis u wi«i, good, and «uooe«ftil king. Beintt elovMad beyond meas- 
ure by h'u imoceues, ho one diy eatered theboly ploce in the lumple to offer inocoM on theffolden 
nluxr, and wia atrickon nitli leprosy. Ilia son Jotfimii wua appointed regent, and auooeoded 
tilin on the throne. Jcroliotun 11., of Isrucl, aon of the wicked Jehouh, reigtied forty-ooo years ; 
ho died b. C. 78S, after wJiich ttiere wut an iatfirtgnum of eleven yeara, Zaehai-iuh, son of 
Jembonm II., became king of Israel ; he reignod nix luoiitha, and waa nKunioatod by Sliallum, 
who rci|{ncd but one monlli, and we.' de|-oaed by McDnlioin. Ucnahom sutxncded by hU mm 
rek;i1iiiih, who was alnin by Pekuh. Issinh bom) tn prophecy. Jotliam, Kine of Judnh, auc- 
cccded by AliBZ, tho mo>t wiikod i f iill the kiogH of JuJoh. Judah inva^iod by I'ekah, In 
oUiunoo witli Heiin, King of Dnmuscui, B. C. T*S. The inlcnded alliance of Ahaz with Asayria 
dBUOunonl by Iwiiah. who predicted Iho ruin of Damimcua nnd the Ten Tribes. 

11. CaptlTlty of the Ten Trlbea.— .Uisi defeated by Pekah; one hundrwl and twenty 
thousand soldiora slain, and two hundred tiiousaod women and children ieii into captivity. 
Ahox, l>y giving the tomplo tieasurCB, Kcured tlie aid of Tiglath-pilcser, King of Assyria, wbo 
DOW slew tlic king of Syria, took poflHe^«io□ of his dominions, ravaged ttie east Jordan oonntry, 
and carried ioto captivity Kauben, Uad, and half Mana-seb. Pekah, Kin;; of leroul, succcoded by 
Ilia SOD Ilnehca. Samaria boiiici^ by Shaltnanevir, aucccssor of Tiglsth-pilceer. Sargon, who 
revolted agninsC Blialmaneecr, continued Hie siuge, and Ssmnria was esi'turcd, R. C. TIO. The 
Ten Tribes were oarrio<l into captivity, Bn<l Ii-raoi as an indopondent monarchy ceased to exist 

12. HeaeldAh, Manaaaeh, Amon, Joiiab, Jehoahaa. — Ilozekiah hod suococdo'l Ahaz aa 
k'ngof Jnduh, B. C. TSS. Ho was a good nnd just king, put away the idolatrous ohjeets of his 
people; porauaded the people to renew their vowi to God. Bonnaehorib, Sargon'a BDccossor, 
invaded the country, first, B. C. T13, and again B. C. Til. The seeoad time his army vas 
mirnouloualy dcatmyad. Il'iekiah was ilangcrously ill, and his death was predicted by Isaiah. 
Hczekiah prnyed for the proiongution of his life, and flfteen yean wore added to it. Death of 
Ilewkiiih, B. C. 698 ; succeeded by his son Manosseh, wiio twftored idolatry. Jerusalem in- 
vemcd by the c-iplinns of K:«r-liiiddon ; ManasMh taken captive to Bubylm and thrown InlO 
prison. lie was nflerwaril restorcil to liu throne, and wua thunceforth a good rider. Manesscii 
died B. C. 642, and was succocled by his son Ainan. Amon alidn by bla servants, ami hU son 
Josinli, who waa only ciglit yean old, ancoeoded him, and beoame one of the purest and »*iAe><C 
kings of Judah. In accorduice with a prophecy uttered before King Jerobam I., more than three 
hundred yean previously, Josiah KUpprcssad idolatry, renewed the ctfs'cnant with Qo-i, and 
celebrated the passover with imposing grandeur. lis wa:< defeated and eluin in hia attempt to 
result the pasni^ of Necho, King of Kgypt, through his dominions on the way to obtain pos- 
sessioD of Charchemiiib, which oonimandod the pansaga of the Euphrates. He was aueoeoded by 
his son Jehoaliaz ; [l>e latter reigned bat three months, and was aueoeoded by Jeboiakim. Th* 
seventy jcam' captivity predicted by Jeremiah. 

IS. Capturea of Jarusalem.— Jerusalem captured by NobnohadDezzar, B. C. COS. Jeboia- 
kim put in chains, but adcrward restored to the throne ; the temple riHod ; Daniel, tlananjoh, 
tlirlinel, nnd Azariah (the names of the latter throe changed in Babylon to Shodrach, Mcshaeli, 
nod Abcd-nogo) taken to Babylon. Jelioiakim revolted gainst Nebacbadnezier ; died a violent 
death, B C. GD8 ; was aueoeeded by his son Jehoiachin, or Jcconiah, who relj^ed but three 
inomlia. Jerusalem again taken by I^ebuchndncizar; ho made Zedekiah, tlie youngest aon of 
Joeisli, king over the oountry. Zedekiah rebelled agunst Nebuchadnezzar, B. C. 53S, and the 
huter besieged Jerusalem again. Jeremiah twice impriaoned in Jenualcm for pnipbesyiug the 
fall of the city. 

Capture of Jerusalem, B. C. (33. Zedekiah waa led captive to Babylon; Jeremiah liboiatod; 
the temple bumoJ; the city nearly razed ; the most of the people led off Into captivity. 



The InaoHB for tho ImC »li monthii of the jear 1S91 «™ Sludies in the Oonpel of John, and 
■nthetcfore, in a vary true mdm, bi.'pnpliiial Bketches of Jesua. Of necessity they diffar widely 
fivHn the leBflona in the G<wpol of St. Luke Ktudied last ycor. Lu^e ws« constHentiously a hi«- 
toriui. Under tho itnidiog spirit of God he eollntcd from various sourcca tbe incldenia which lis 
WRjlBintohij narrmtiva. John, on tlie eonthiry, wa«onn of the ewlieet of the diaoiplcB of Jesus, 
and tells his story not at all sa a hiBtoriun, but as a ohroniclor and eye-witness. Beside*, John's 
nature waa peculiarly philosophical and spiritual. The picttrinl quality so charactoriatio of Mark 
and the other GTaogelists is not so nolicaablo in John's writiQirs. For him the wordu of his Mas- 
ter have even more vslue than his works. He ban lens picturesque power of vision than the other 
disri plea, but a far profo under inaigbt. Before Ibe moi't cursory study of the life of Christ accord- 
ing to Bt. John is engaged upon, the student should bsvo carefully in mind tiie lending character- 
iatiea of John's Gospel. Tho following paragrupha have been oondonsed mwnly from thseiceUiDt 
Commentary, ono of tbe Cambridge aeris, written by the Hev. Dr, Plummer. 

1. A Bpiritiua CJoapol. — From the time of Clement of Alenuidria (A. D. 190) thiB 
Onspcl has been distinguished as a " iPiBrroAL Gospkl." Tho Synoptista give ns mainly tho 
eiternsl acts of Jesus CbrL-t; St. John lays before ua glimpses of tho inner life and spirit of tha 
Son of GoJ. Tlicir narrative is oliiefly composed of Jiis mnnifiild and ceaseless dealings with 
men ; in SL John wb have rather his tranquil and unbroken union with liia Father. Tho heavenly 
clement which fonns (he baekground at the first three Gospels is the atmotphm of tbe fourtli. 

8. Typioal OhmiBotflTB — No Qoepol is so rich in ttfioil but thoroughly bbu. akd ufbliu 
ooura ixv ikdividcals as the Rmrth. They arc sketched, or rather by their words are made to 
Bkrtc)i themselves, i*ith a vividness and precision which, as already obeorvsd, is almost proof 
that ths evaogolist was an eye-witness of what be rooords. 

Among the groops we have tht ditcipla strangely miaunderatandlng Christ (1.S8; 11. 12), 
yet finiilj believlnff on him (16. SO) ; hU brdhren, dictating a policy to him and not believing 
oa him (T. 8-5) ; John't diMipU», with their jealousy for the honor of their master (S. 2C) ; lie 
Samatilaiu, proud to iietiovo fVom their own experleiioe rather than on tho testimony of a woman 
(1. 43) ; lA* muUUtide, Boraetimes clilnkin); Jesus possoseed, sometimes thinking him the Christ 
(7. £0, S% 11) ; iA* Jam, claiming to be Abraham's seed and seeking to kill tlie Mesaiali (8. 8S, 
n, 40) ; li* nari4ttx, haughtily asking, " Hath any one of tbe rulers or of tho fharlaoes believed 
on himi" (T. 48) and "are we eW blind)" (9. 40); th4 ehUf prUO*, proTeesing to fear that 
Christ's sneoees will be fatal to the national existence (11. 43), and declaring to Pilnte that tlicy 
hsve DO king but Cssar (19. IS). In the sketching of these groups nothing is more conGlu.iive 
(vidence of the evangelist being contemporary with bis narra^ve than the way in whicli tha 
aonflict and fluctuatioiu bdween belief and unbelief among the mnltitude and " the Jews " Is 

The tjpea of individual character are Btill more varied, aikd, as in the case of the gronpe, they 
exemplify both sidee in the grsat conflict, as well as those who wavoryd between the two. On the 
one hand we have the motlier of tlie Lord (2. 8--G ; IS. 25-27), the beloved disciple and his master 
tlio BapUslfl. S-ST; S. 2£-3S), St. Andrew, and Mary of Bethany, all unfailing in their allegiance; 
St. Peter lalling, and risiuii again to deeper love (18. ST ; 21. IT) ; St. Philip, tiling from eager to 
firm faith (14. S;; BL Thomas, from desponding and dcep^ring love (tl. 16; 20. iS) to lUth, 
hope, and love (20. 2S). There is the sober but nnlnformed futh of Martha (II. 21, 24, 37), the 
passionate affeotion of Mary Magdalene (20. 1-18). Among conversions we have the inststitaneons 
but delibente conviction of Natlianael (1. ii), the gradual bat oourogeooa progress in belief of 
the Mhinmatical Samaritan woman (aee on 4. 19) and of tho uninatmctcd man bom blind (see on 
11. 21], and, Id oontmit with both, the timid, hcsItaUng oonfeseion of Nioodomus, the learned 



nbbi (S. 1 ; 7. SO ; 19. SB). Od the other aids ve hsve tba consnllj wnvering of I'ilate (IB. S8, 
•9 ; IV. l-i, S, 19, lA), ths uiutcruputoiiB reeoluUnnH of duaphu (II. 49, 60), and iho blank 
tn»cheT7 of Jndu (IS. ET ; 18. 2-G). Among the minor cbsrBclere there li tlie " nilor of tha 
feut" (3. 9, 10), the " noblemu" (1. 19), Ihe mm healed at BethoBda (fi. T, 11, 11, 15). 

S. Synibcilioal Srenta. — From typical ohmraotera ire poaa on to typical or aymbollcal 
sranta. Stuboluii ia a third oharaoteristio of tliia Ucnpel. Ifot menlj doe* it contain tha 
three great allegnriea of ths Shcepfold, the Oood Shepherd, and the Vine, from whieh 
ChriaUaii art has dnwn ita symbolinm ftom the verf earliest timea, but the whole Oeapel from 
and to end ia panetratod vith the spirit of a^mbolicel reproKntation. In notliing is tliis mora 
uparonC than in the dgfat miracles which tha evan((cli9t has aolected for the illuKtration of hit 
dlvlna epie. His own word for tham leads na to eipeat this ; to bim they are not so much 
Ritrselca as " algna." 

In Nloodemos oomlng hj ni|tht, in Jndss going out into the night, in the dividing of 
Ohrist'a gnnncnla, and the blood and water fVom his side, etc., etc., ws aaem to have InsUncoa 
of the ums ioTB of Bjmbolism. Thes« historical details aie Binglod out Ibr nctloe bteaim at the 
l^wm which lia behind them. And If wo ask for the sonrce of tills mode of teaching thera 
cannot bo a doubt ahont tha answer: It Lb the form in which almost all tiia leasons of Ilie Old 
TestBinent am conveyed. This Issda us to another chaiacloriBtle. 

4. Hobtww.— Thongh written in Qrook, Bt. John's Goppcl it in thought and tone, and 
■omotimee in the ibrm of DipteHBion also, thoroughly Hibbkw, abd baseo oh tax UuHXW 

5. A. S7*t«Iilktio Book. — Yat anothor chBTBOtaristie of thii Gospel is its srsniuno 
auAHaauxNT. It is the only Goapel which clearly has a plan. 

6. Paouliarltlaa of Styla.— The last cbniaoteristio which our upaoa will allow ns to doUm 
iBllasTTi.E. TbD style of the Gospel and of the First Epistle of St. John is unique. But it ia « 
thing to ba fblt rather than to be deBuod. The moat iUiwrate readar ia oonsoioos of it; theableat 
oi^o cannot analyze it aallstactoril;. 

Thase ohatsoteriatica oomUned form a book which stands alnna In diHatian literatnra, as iti 
author stands alons among Christian taocherH ; the work of one who for thraosoom years and ten 
labored as an apoatlo. Called to follow Iho Baptiat when only a lad, and by him soon transferred 
to the Christ, bo may ba asld to have been the tlrst who from his youth up wns s ChrisUan. Who 
thereflire could so fitly gnnp and state in their tnia proportions and witli fining Impressiveneaa 
the great veritlee of the Christian fallhl He had had no deep-seated prejudices to uproot, like hia 
(Hend St. Peter, and others who were called late in life. Be had had no sudden wrenidi to moke 
ttOtti the past, like St PauL He had not had the trying eidtement of wandering abrond over tha 
(hoe of the earth, like most of the twelve. He had remained at his post at Ephesus, direotlng, 
tcsoliing, meditating ; until at last when the fVuit was ripe It was given tothaCbureh in the 
Aillnesa of beauty which it is still our privily to poaseos sad loam to love, 








LESSON I.— January 4. 

THE KINGDOM DIVIDED.— 1 Kikob 12. 1-17. 



TIME.— 876 B. C. It WM, lu neurlj w ws can Wl, foDt hundred ind 
ivontj-i'ii jeare alter tlie UnielittM had croOTOil (ha Jordan and onuquered 
" Bliiio, It B-na perhnpa ono hundred and twsDtj jaam iiftor the Htful 
of jud^ii and pr>phflta hud been net aside for tliq monjircliy b^' tha 
□alion of iluul. licJiolnaiii'H Krandrutlier, David, at Ihe a){u of twcriCjr- 
I, had been crowned kiofc of Judah clKlity-ono f aura bcfora this inddont, 
rocogniiud as king of all Israal ■ovcntj'-tbree ;i!sn bofore It. In tbe 
oth ycur of liin rtign Diivid resigned liia aceptar to Solomon. Solomon 
ncd from lOld B. C. to 9TG B. C, and Beboboani now ialioriU Lla 

PLACE. — Bheohem in Ccntml PulcnCJoe, a Tsry ancient town (Qon. 
8S. 18, IB), allod Siuhcin vlien tho Canunltu dwelt tbora (Oon. IS. E). In 
L. D. it «'oa nbuilt by VeHpaxian, and called Newtovn, (In Greek Ncipnlis). 
nipCed by the ignonint Aniba m\a Nabloua, which ]■ tho Damo of tho 
on that oilo lo-ihiy. Hera the patriurch Abrubam publicly wonihiped Ood. 
id Ilia wivoi' idola. In thin vicinity Joseph naa sold by his cruel brothcre, and 
van], hia body vaa buried by rvvercntiiLl dpaeendnnta. At tbe partition of tb« 
knd Bller the conquest Sliecliein cama within tlie liounda of Ephralm, but It woa BHsigned to the 
Leritcpi, nnd l>ccaino a "c!ty of nfu^e." Ablinclech, tbe ion of Gideon (ha Jewinh patriot, 
•ecodi>d from tlic Hebrew cDmmonwealth and itiuled a little kingdom with Shechem aa ita capital. 
After a reign ut tliroc j'cara lie was expelled by hia iiubjecta, and in revangs d»>troyed tbe eity, 
and i<nireil tlio f^nnd with aalt. Tlmt waa pcrlinpa two hundred and aixty yean before tba 
preacnt lnci<lent. Thu Ten Tiiliea pmbaljy gathired there bocauaa of ita central position. As 
will bo seen IVom oar leMoiia, it tiociiiie the fint ftcut of Ilia now monareh7. 

FEkBSONS. — 1. Bebobosm waa tbe aon of Solomon, king by hereditarj: okiltn of all laroe), 
and actually king of JuUsh (h>Di 9T'^ B. C. to 9SS B. C. Ilix mother was Naamah, an .VnimoiiiM 
prinocM. Ho waa l>om about 1015 U. C, and woa at Ibis tima about forty yenra of agu. 
I. Jeroboam tlie Kon of Nobut wan one of tlie moat remarkable charoctera of Ilubrcw iilntory. 
Bt WB> an Epbruimitc, nnd wouUI, tliorutore, be popular with that tribe. His gruut ability woa 



1 Zings 12. 1-lJ. LESSON I. Fibst Quabtee. 

early lecogDiiod by Boloinan, who mtdt him superintendent over thu tu-icg nod hibon eiucled 
from tha trib« of Ephnim. Ahijuli tlio prophet foretold liia brilluuit Tutura. He Beema to have 
bocD Impatlunt In his ambitiooH, and probublj' oonspired agaiiiBt Solomon, ivho wmjfht his Ill's 
uid compelled him to fly to EgypL This louon numtes his return. S. Alujah the Shllanlte. 
Of this man only four bna are known: a) that he csmo from the town ..f Sliiloh; J) Hint 
Le prophosiaJ the rending of the kingdom from Solomon and the oomnsClon of Jeroboam a* kinR 
of the Tan Tribes ; ijthut ho afterward foretold the death of Jerobomn'sBii eons, tlio destruction of 
the royal family on account of its image wonhip, and tlie captivity of Israel; and d) that he wroio 
s history of the events of Solomon's rai^n, which is not now in exiitenoe. t. The oouiuelora. 
The older ooumwlom were those w)io hod Bcrvod under Duvid and Solomon ; the jouii){er were 
probably brought up at court as Kehuboticn'B companions. 6. "All IsraeL" Detettatcs from 
the Ten Tribes, probably the head men of the chief AuiiUes ; for the tribal reeling was sdll stronK 
amoQ^ the Hebrews. 

BTNOHBOBlsnc NOXBS.— After a decadence which hftcl Isixed nearly a century the 
kingdoms of Assyria and £gypt were now Tieing to something like their former vigor. If it had 
not been for this temporary decay David never could have carved out bia magnificent monarchy, 
nor Solomon have secured the great wealth oeceesar? to erect the temple at Jerusalem. It 
enlarges one's views of the plans of Providence to note that the only lime in all tlie history of 
Israel when the great powers of Aanyiia and £gypt were simultaneoualy weak was tliu time when 
God raised up Duvid and Solomon for this wonderful work. Shishak or Sesonchis waa king of 
Egypt. This monarch married his daughter to Solomon, but in later years probably quarreled 
with that Hebrew king, for he fostered his hatod enemy Prince Hsdod of Edom, and liia 
rebellious subject Jeroboam, tbo son of Kebat. KtnoD was king of Syria at Dumuseus. At 
the time of this leeson Jeruaatem waa very near tha center of the civilized world, which did not 
extend more than a thousand mitoa from the holy city in any dlreotion. Egypt, Awyria, and 
Phenii^a ware the only nations besides Uroel that could be called civilized. The Greeks were 
slowly flmarging from barbariiiiD, and the uommeroe of Clie world was in the bands of the udvenb- 
DTouB Fheniclan navigalois. 

1 And ' Re'ho-bo'am went to She'- , 
chem : for all iB'ra-et were come to Shu'- 1 
chem to make him kiu^. | 


1. Bahoboam — See introductory paragraph on PiRsom. 

'W«attD Sheohem— From Jerusalem. Tha Journey woukl take 

about eight bourn' steady traveling. It waa probably made by 

easy stages, and with t)ie lavish splendor cbaracteristiu or Oriental 

royalty. For— The Ton Tribes did not go to Sheshem because the 

king waa there, but just the rcveme : because they had gone thither 

the king went also, tie had not called them together ; but their 

elders, judges, and reprcnentalives had assembled in this old 

Ephraiinito capital, as they had done once in Joehua's limo (Josh. 

"'™""' S4. 1), and probably all Kehoboara's oounselorfi, old and young, 

tgnad that he must be present ttacro. He soems to have gone uni>ummoncd, with his whole 

rednue.— JteAr. Ail Inaol-The bulk of the northerly Ten Tribes. Boa article on Causu 

or THE KavoLT, page S. Their design in mecljng vof. to make him king— to rocognixe him, ns 

Judah had done (though he had already ascended the throne), on condiliun, however, thst 

he would agree to their wishes and demands. This wai why they did not naaemble in Jcru- 

saUm, as they were in reality bound to do. Their gnindfathers bad gone under eimilar ciroum- 

stnncea t« Hebron, the place of David's residence, ic do him honiage. 8 Sam. 6. 1, tq.—langt. 

This gathering at Sbediem waa a sigoiflcaut hint, if Rehoboam bad properly understood it 



2 Anrl )t caaic to pass, wlicn 'Jcr'o- 

tlie eon of Nc'bat, who iros Tut 


n E'irypt, heard of it, (f. 
from tile presunce of kins Soro-Qiim, 
Mid Jer'u-bu'am dwelt in £^pt,) 

8 That they soittaJid called bira. And 
Jet'o-ba'am Hod all tlie c'>D}{regaticin of 
Is'ra-el came, and Bpake UDto Ilu'bo- 
bo'am, Bujinfc, 

4 Thy fntbcT made our 'yoke grier- 
odb: non therefore make thou tlie itriev- 
OD* Mrvjce »f thy father, mid bin heavr 
joke which he put upon us, lighter, nod 


e tliei 

1 Kmaa 12. 1-17. 

a Sho'chem to make liiin kiii<;. And it 
aiiiic to pan, "hen Jcr'o-ho'am the. 
BOD of Ne'bal heard of it, (for he wiis 
^et ill E'gypt, KhithiT be had fled 
from the prcBenco of kin^ Sol'o-mon, 

3 nntl Jer'o-Wam dwelt in E'<;ypt, and 
the; sent and called liim ;) that jer'o- 
bo'ani and all the congregation of Is'- 
rn-cl Clime, and Bpake unto Re'ho-lio'- 

4 am, eaying, Thy father mode ow joke 
grievous: now therefore make tlinij 
the erievous serrice of thy father, and 
bin heavy yoke nbicbbeput upon us. 

•Ck^. 11. M. '(lup. II. 1 

—Euald. It is oviJcnt, if not from tlio selection of tliul plikcv, at W-t from tlie lonor of tli<:ir 
luucuiica ■□<! tbo coticened presoiico of Jeroboum, that tlio por.plo ucro ilGtcrtiiincd on revolt. — 
^MoJctr't Camiiui:tari/. Their objeut wne, wlivn making liiiu king, to TCDaw the ooiidiliona and 
itipjkcions to which their kloffs were sultject (1 Sum. 10. !5) ; and to tbc oniisi<loii of rcbeaniing 
vliU-Ii, Dnder the pocnliar circumsbmccs in vhlch Solomon was made king, lUcy were diapoaed 
\n awribo the alwolutisai of his govgniment. — Jamutm. 

18. Bee iLLtrsiaATioNS. Not oni^ bad the 
Uags, but Bolomou bad been lanlcutarlj 
1 probablf boUi the cblef acton in Ibli iireat 
la wradi of men of God wbo bad foretoM tbe 
Bucb piDpbeclea; but tbe Blbla lit full ot 
rblcli arv mtcnded to be applied Ir 

ODd ruiaila hioueir ciacllv. Comp. 1 Sam. B. 
Iiraellus been lorrlold of (be exoetloni of (b 
namvil about tbe refiulEa of bla tamlns from God, 
national coDvenLlun bad atlJl rLngluff Inlbalr eai 

warning and prumlaea oC afreneral cbaracter 

a maiLin— nbeUiHr m Proverbs 
leclea. or the ((lapela, or tbp eptetlea— Is Jnat ai true of tbe boji and girls In 
lononboleacbeatbem, na Itirjiof Iboae ivboBrm beard IL 
Ml itorka ooi lia nsa dmla], Reboboam. lalilnB (mod coi 
«r. God vould have t:ept hL< promlie to Jeroboam without 
ibout " fate ■' and wnmga Uiat " can't be lielped." 

e irf bad ram pan la Mill p. "All Israel" was led by one or two unscrupulous porsons. 
I are more Keak peoplu tbaa bad people, and tbe Immtneat danger ot our gcbolaii Is tbat of 

avoided Ibis 

uralDg-palDI« la lITfl i 

of our pupils, tl 

3, 3. Jeroboam— The nhole paaaaca ttlfuM lie translated thua : Whtn Jiroboam llit ton, of 
Xtbat /.aird (ii»i« hi icai till in ICgnpl, vhithtr ha luidfitd/roni ihtfaet of Solomon the tirvf, and 
Jtivboam tral dmtUing in Eg^pFi. thm miit tlvg awl eaiitd Mm, aad theij camf, Jiroboam and all 
ikj ajutmbty of Jgrael, and rpake to Sehoioam, farfiiig. They had heard of Ahljali^a praphecj 
that Joniboiun ahonld beco/iia hingi and thoy knew bla ability and jnfiaonco, Jind dcaircd hta 
eouiiKl and jniidanoi in thla critical period of their huilory. All [liia indicales ii well-itiatJrcd 
plan to throw off the yoke of the hoOM of David.— Temj. It is better to omit llie iial.eiEed 
words of it, which are not in the Hebrew, and which ifnunmstically rnror to tlio aswnibly at 
Shediaiii. whcrmi what Jcrohoom heard of waa the do:ith of Solonion.-'Oan/Incr, 

4. Thr fSather nude our jroke srlevoua — The woni mrauu almply the yoke iuid on tlic 
Deckof beitsta designed for Libor. >~urn. 13. S; Dcut.!!. 3; IRain. 0.^. It iatlieaymbol of mnila 
work. Dent. SS. ii\ Lev. 88. 13: Jor. 38. 10, 11. The grievnnoo, therefore, is nothing but tin 
levy-work on Soloinoci'a public bultdinga; this in made plain by Itehnboani's answer, in venes 
II, 14. That Eoloiiion had really exacted too hoary itervllo work from liia people, oa did tlio 


1 Kings 12. 1-17. LESSON I. Fiust QuASTKa- 

£g}'ptiiiu king Id Uomm'b time (Exod, 1. 11, 13), ia gnnsrally tuken Ibr gniii^, ultliouKb ^e 
eompliiiiit coinca from' pcoplo who were oxciuJ wiLli tliouglits of B<x»i»'ion, aad wlio wern jealouH 
of Judnli. At Utoir dead Mood a mm, too, wlio Imd idroud}' tried to ruiM an infurractiDi, and had 
not renounced his Boibitioua ]:laDs In exile. Such a, complaint ciin hardly be taken ax valid teati- 
mony uulosH joiaed to purely historical evidence. We have none euch, however. Cunscription 
fbr working at the publie buildings, as well as Tor war service, was customary tlimiigliout the an> 
eienc Euat. Every-nhore, from Egypt to Babylon, the immense buildings were rai-wl, not hy 
paid workmen, but by cons«ripdon. For instance, three hundred and sii-ty thousand men workoil 
twenty years ut one pyramid. Even David had, among hia Ave chief otflcers, one who was spe- 
cially "over the tribute" (3 Snm. 20. 24), which was then > Btonding rcguU^on. Ttii* tribute 
wu brought into system in Solomoa's time, and Ilubrcwo, as contracted with foreigners, were 
treated with gtnllo consideration. Chaps. 5. 13, etc., and S. 20, clt^ Nowhere is the voice ofeDin- 
plaint hoarJ about it. The tribute work was distributed by turna among " all Luaol " and the 
Ten Tribes received no more proportionately Ihon the other two. Therefore the ooraphiint of the 
"yoke" being "grisvoua," which they alons msko, seonu to be only awoloomoeicuMeauggestodlo 


them hy their former superintendent, Jeroboam. The real niotiTG eemes to light later, in Terse It. 
If wa cannot ndmit the complaint of too hard tribute work to be well founded, still IciU have we 
any right to add items to the complaint of "liioli it makes no mention, such wt undue income 
tnxes, custom duties, and the general poverty arising from an oppressive snlianalo. The aocred 
hialorians make vary pl;iin how happy and peaixrul the people were under Solomon's roign (ohap. 
4. 20-29; oomp. S. SK), sn tliat the prophet took liia kingdom as a type of the Messiah's. There i* 
nothing to show that Israel "sighed" under oppression; and wlieu the people, as well as the 
king, becinmc at length dcgcnonilo in the letter part of liis reign, it was rather in consequence of 
too great prosperity and luxury tlian of great burdens nnd poverty, Solomon was tliroalBnod, In 
both addroKBcs of the prophet Ahijah (cliup. 11. 11, 31. iq.), with the partition of hi^ kingdom, 
Dotbecnuse lie had opj-rcssed the people with servile Isl'Or and heavy taxations, but solely because 
he had suflcrcd his stTange wives to persuade liim to introduce idolatrous forms of worship. — 
Mir. Btill, there is mQch of incidental injustloe and suffering inseparable from the mildest 


Jan. 4, 1801. LESS 

Anit he ukl iiuto tliein, Depart j'et 
/or tliree dajs, tli«a coma agtiin to me. 
A.nd the people (teported. 

6 And king Be'lio-lio'am 'consalterl 
with the old men, thiit stood before 
Soro-miiD liis futlier while ht: jet lived, 
and said, Hnw do ye adviats that I uiay 
RDswer this people ? 

7 And thej spake nnto him, Eajio);, 
*If thou wilt he a servant unto ttun 
people this dnir, and wilt serve them, 
and Buswerthem, and epeak ^"od voids 
to them, then thuy will be th; servants 

5 lighter, and n-e will serve thee. And 
he said unto tliem. Depart vet for 
three days, then come again to me. 

S And the people departed. And king 
Re'ho-boam took counsel with the 
old men, that had stood before Sol'o- 
nion his fntber while he yet lived, , 
saying, What counsel give ;e me to 

7 return answer to this people! And 
tliey spake unto him, siiyinn. If thou 
wilt l>o a servant unto this people 
this day, and wilt serve them, and iin- 
Bwer then), and speak good words to 
them, then they will he thy servants 


Tho penplo who once olamorod for a king Ihut llicy roiKlit bo liko tlie nntionii amund 
them, now began lo naillza tlie truth of Samuel's prodioUoD •» (o the oost of nuuntaining a king 
■nd a oouTt. 1 Sun. B. 11-lB.— Tirry. 

II !■ m BBlnnBl rui that BMn eiolilm nioTO ooao«mlns opproiloo Uiai) concerning frodleas- 
Den and otber doa ; are more careful lor the bodr than forUieKiuL Eiod. lfl.B. — Cramer. Our 
atbolan ilinuld be daepif Impremod, botli br ooi leaoblng and our example, lo seei dm the tlng- 
dom of Ood and bli nghtsmmieaB. 
RebcllhHu ptHiple eoslly Dud la pabUo dreumnancei mOBni wblcb ther ampllfr and eiajntenle 
In order to stre an appearance of luMlce to ttielr wickedness, and lo bsve lome pnrteil for tiielr 
erlmlnal desUn*.— I^nire. Etsit temptation b plausible lo tlM rebellLoua heart. 

fi. Depart — Bohoboam's hesltimcy showed wrakneas of ohanti^tcr. A prince who, upon his 
aeoM^on tn tho throuo, requires time to decide if his rule sliuU bo mild and moroirul, or harsh 
and despotic, eunnot have on-ainod his hi^h, nsponsible post in tlis fcnr ■□>) tovo of God; tlicro- 
ton he need cxpcot no divine blessing. It is veil and good, indeed, in uU woiglity iimtteis to Inke 
time for n^flcdion, but in time of sudden danger rspid Hrtn decision b equuiiy neeessury. One 
aooMomed to walk in God's ways will at suoh timeii take no siep which will sflarwurd oiuse 
him hitter mpcnbinca. — Lanffe. People departed— Retired IVom Rohoboum's presence, not to 
ntnm home, but to Cnrry st Shcchem tliree days to swaib the king's deeiiion. — WAtiion. 

Belaj la danceroBi. Bee IiJ.DSHU'rniRS. IE Itebobaim had decided promptly the InsuirectlonlaK 

would have recelvwl a severe blow. Tbo "threedajs" were Invaluable to tbom. WheBone'a 

doty li clearly gaen, tbe more promptly It la pertonned (lie better. 

fl, 7. The old men— Tlie numes of some of theso are K>ven in 1 Kings i. e-fl. Thoy wen 

onqueMionably men of gntur. ability. How do ye adviae — Thin iras probably Reho1xi:im's fint 

cabinet meeting. If thou wilt t>e a aervaDt — We can easily Inisgine thsC such a proposal 

(which would not certainly have succeeded) was not very agreeable to the nis)i and imperious 

young king, in whono veins Ammonite blood itowcd. Chap, 11. 31. — Lamji, The onnstitutlonol 

idea of a supreme ruler, president, or king is that ho it tit Mpnint, but notthotiosr, ofhix people; 

every official act of a just executive is an act of service to the state. Ue has the appointment of 

officere, he in tho asetulor efHielaat, and Justioe is adminiitered in his name. — Ciarki. 

We alMald leum from mhar people'* eiperlence. Even fools lometlmea learn by their own. 
CiTlllmlon Is almply itio art ot usimr other peopli>'a experience. Euccess in lodlvldual life 
eoRiea In the same way. See Illcstritions. Bo don emloeat growth In L'roce. 
dreal malts come h«ni Hnall ransn. gee iLLnrntATiONS. And perhaps no causes are so loi' 
medlaudy powerful as spoken words. A kind sentence mlKht have won the Ten Tilbei tmct to 
Eeboboam. See Jamn 3. 3-13. Watrli your lips I 
The nil*T that would hold ihflaffMiionaot his people must flrstleara to l)e their serrant. Ho 
nuatcoiuolt tbelr wishes and Interests so as not to seem unmindful of hit most humlile subject.— 
IFAedm. Tbts Is as true In repuhllca, and Sunday-school classes, and homes, as In Oriental 
dcQotlimB. U you oovet your scholan' love, " apeak good words " lo ibam. 



I for ever. Bnt he forsook the conn- 
Bel of the old mcD which tbey bail 
given him, Dnd took coudmI with 
the young men that were growa up 
with him, that stood before liini. 

I And he said nnto them, Whnt coun- 
sel give ye, thut we may return im- 
Bviet to this people, who have spoken 
to me, saying, Hake the yoku thut 
thy futher did put upoa us lighter) 

I And the young men that were grown 
up with him ^pako nnto him, Enyiug, 
"* ahaltthou aay unto this people 
.jing, Tliy 

that spake 
father made 
thou it ligh 
thou apeak u 
Ihicker tli 

1 Ki»Qs 12. 1-17. : 

8 But he forsook the counsel of the 
old men, which they had given him, and 
consulted witli the young men that were 
grown lip with him, and which stood 
Before him: 

9 And he said unto them, What c 
Bel give ye that we may answer 

' people, who have spoken to me, saying, 
Make the yoke which thy fitther did put 
upon UH tighter? 

10 And the young men that were 
grown up with him spake unto him, say- 
ing, Tlius Hhalt thou Bpeak unto this 
people that spake unto thee, saying. Thy 
fatiier made our yoke heavy, but make 
tiiou U lighter unto us; thus shall thou 
say unto them, My ' little finger sliall be 
thicker than mj father's loins. 

11 And now whereas my father did 
lade you with a heavy yoke, I will add 
to your yoke : my father hath chastised 
you with whips, but I will chastise you 

12 So Jer'o-bo'am and all the people 
came to Re'ho-bo'ara the third day, ns 
the king liad appointed, saying, Conic 
to me again the tliird day. 

18 And the king answered the people 
■ roughly, and forsook the old men's 
counsel that they gave him ; 

14 And spake to them after the coun- 
•el of the young men, saying, Ky father 
made your yoke heavy, and I will add 
to jour yoke: my father afao chastised 
yon with whips, but I will chastise you 
with scorpions. 

16 Wherefore the king hearkened nt 

i».'i?'i'rii:«Vii,M'.i-^":Sir'.'"" '^ ''' '" ■"■■"''■"- 1 

S, 0, 10, 11. Forsook the oomiael—He vw uL ooce weak und ovcrboiriiig. Tbe jousc 
men Uiat wera crown uii wltb him~It wsa ■ ounom ia differeot countricn \a oducuto with 
tho heir to tho throas young nobleiiiea of Dcarty the aimo ii;,'e. The old couDsslure Ruho- 
bonn diJ not know; with Ibo jounj; nobility ho had been Ounilinr. — Clariu. Mr Uttle finger 
■hall bo thiokor— A proverbUI eipremion. As much s« the iAi^i Burpomics tho liUU fingtr 
in tliiokiiess, eo much does my power eioeed thut of my futher; ttoi! tho use tlinl I ehuil ninke of 
it »h»ll bo in proportion. — Clarte. Whips . . . soorpionB— As tho scorpion — en iiintrumont 
of torture with nuny lashes liko tho \ega of the animal of this name, and ouch 1ai>h anned with 
sliarp points to laoerats tho Qesh — la a more turrihle iscourfto than tha ooinmou whip, so will my 
sevority cxeced my fither's. — Tttry. Or the phrase may allude lo tha reptile, illustrated 

Nef l«rt BTways brings Joss. See ILI 

yokeheiivy, but make 
unto us; thus shnit 
them, My little finger 
I Riy father's loins. 
And now whereas my father did lailc 
you with a heavy yoke, I will add to 
your yoke: my tittiier chastised you 
witli whips, but I will chaatise you 

1 with scorpions. So Jcr'o-bo'nm and 
all tho people came to Ite'lio-lMi'ani 
the third day, as the king bade, Kny- 
iu^, Clime to me again the third dny. 

I And the king answered the people 
roughly, and forsook the counsel of 
the old men which they had given 

\ hiiii-,and spake to tbcm after the coun- 
sel of the young men, saying, My 
futlier made your yoke henvy, but I 
will add to your yoke: my father 
chusiiaed you with whips, but I will 

a you with scorpions. 

o the 

St oppertunllT la tbe |[reati«t of 


Jas. 4, 1891. LESS 

anto Uie people ; for 'the cause nas from 
the Loan, tost he might perrnnn liiB 
■•ytog, which the Lobd Bpake * bj 
A-hi'jah the Bhi'lo-niteunb) Jcr'o-bo'am 
the sou of Ne'bat. 

IS So when sU Is'ro-el Bnw that the 
kiog hearkened not nnto them, the 
people answered theking, Baying, ''What 
portioD have we in Da'vid? neither haze 
IBS inheritance in the son of Jea'se: to 
your tents, O Is'ra-el: now Bee to thine 
own bouse, David. So la'ro-el departed 
unto their tents. 

1 KmGS 12, 1-17. 

kiof^ henrliened not unto the people; 
for it was a thin^ brought nbout of 
the Lord, tliat he might establish his 
word, which the Lord spuke l>7 the 
hand of A-hi'joh the Shi'lo-nite to 
16 Jer'o-bo'iim tlie son of Ne'but. And 
when a)I la'ra-el saw that the king 
hearkened not unto them, the pe'ipie 
answered the king, sa.viug. What por- 
tion have we tn Da'vid t neither lutre 
we inheritance in the son uf Jes'se : 
to jour tents, O Is'ra-el: now see to 
thine own boose, Da'vid. Bo Is'ro-cl 

. 1. tChM,. 11. II. I 


15, 18, 14, 16. The oansa'WBafrom the Zjord — B&Kai,/or it vat a eiangtfrarn Jtkovah. 
The mwiins 1% thk great cbiinge or rsTolutioa in the Hebrew elMo vw brougLt about in the 
providence of God tt, > judi^ont on the nation for the una of Solomon. He dearoed it, *nd foro- 
told it b; the prophet Ahijsh. Chap. 11. tO-SS. But neither Solomon's Bins nor Kehoboun's 
blind ibllj and nah imprudence wen trata the Lord. For them their human authois were lolelj 
leaponiible. But He whose onmiadence tafcea in all tliture avenla as foreseen ceitatatleii (not as 
tla^eed DeccaBitiee) ma; well, in respect to evenln affected b; human agenej', delennins and 
decree hia own future judgments or merdHi according to what he foresees nien will freelf do. 
So, too, in infiuite holineea his detenrnniiU counsel and fora-lmowludge even delivera up Jcsoa 
of Naiareth to death, but this deoree icflueuoee not cnuss^vel/ the aoUon of thoso wicked hsoda 
that crucifyand alay him. See AeCs £. 13.— To-ry. Rahoboam'a weakncsa (EecL 2. IS, IS) und 
ineipsrisDcs in publie aSairs have given rise to the probable conjecture tliot, like many other 
jRinoea In the East, he had been kept secluded in the harem till the penod of liia ncoesaion 
(Eccl. 4. \K), hia futher beinjT either atVaid of his ospirirtg to tlie eovercigot?, like the two sons of 
DsTid, or, which is more pmbable, afraid uf prematurel; exposing his Imbodiltf. The king's 
haoghtj and violent answer to a people already filled with a spirit of diaoontent and exasperation 
Indicates a great Incapacity to appreciate the gravity of the crisis ; an utter want of common Muse. 

Tran Mrtmsth la alwa;a ealB. scdI " it«C eidled." Reboboam blundered wben bo decided to 
ivtuse Uie people's requeel \ but to answer ttiem " rougtalr " was a tar greater blunder. Dlustereis 
are ueaxly always waalt men. Bee Iuustk«tio8B. 

17. THB OONSBQUEINOEI. Vonea 16, 17. 

16, 17. The king's answer was received with lainglsd acorn and deriaion. Tlie revolt wasao- 
eoRiplished, and yet so quietly that Rehoboam seems to have remained in Bhcohcm, fancying 
hiiiiaelf tlie soveroign of a united kiagiioin, until his cliief tax-gatherer, who bad been most 
Imprudently sent to treat with the people, had been stoned to death. This opened his eyes, and 
he fled for socnrily to JeniBaiem.— f/ontrjon, JiiuHrf, ami Browit, What portion haTS we — 
The old Ephtsimite wati:hword of insurrection and revolL Comp. a Sam. iO. \.— BSiir. 
Helther have we Inharitaiioa In the aon otieeae does net mean, ^e can hope for and expect 
nothing from him ; but. Wo do not belong to him, as Jadah does, by race derivation. In the 
"son of Jnse" tliera is an allusion to llavld's humbler descent, just as in the New Tcatatnont 
to the "carpenter's son" (Uatt. 18. GSJ. To jcmr tenia, O Iraaell is a proverbial call which 
originaled in tJie Ume of the nuroh through the wildornoaB, when the camp was arranged acoord- 
isg to the tribea. See to thine own house — See how you can niign over your own tribe in 
tha fiitare; you have no right to us any more. — BShr, In this whole cry the deeply rooted 
dislike to David's myal house is strongly cxproHwd, and we oaii perceive a more potent causa 
tar the partition than the alleged oppression of Solomon. — Stii, Departed onto theli tenta — 


1 KiNds 12. 1-1 r. LESSON L Fiest Qitaktkb. 

17 But " as for tlie children of le'ro-el 
whicli dwelt in tlie citioB of Ju'dah, Re'- 
ho-l>o'am reigned over them. 

17 depfirted unto their teui-s. Butaafor 
the children of Is'm-i;! which dwelt 
Id the cities of Ju'dah, B«'bo-l>o'»m 
reigned over them. 

Went to lliuir liiffcraiit bomcs and prDceeJad to njoko ■minf[eiiieiita far fouiiiiiug ■ kingdom , 
wpurnta fkun JudiJi.— Ti/ry. Children of lonel . . . oltiea of Judkh — l^•nlelitGa uoc be- 
longing to Ilia liouBo of Jiidah, but dwelling within tJio tdiritory of that tribo.— Terry. 

Anet rallniv. ohail No TepanUnoa now con tHiDff back Uie Tfh Tribes; but Behobotun mij nils 

Judnb wieeT; or wlckedlf a» hs wlUa. Borne ot our older sebolui may bare mads [witlal liiluna 

oflUe: butttaetuluraliMIIllbelrt. Bee Illdhtkitidhb. 


[OnnpOaJ from StarUty, BOiir, ami odten.] 

The fbrt tbnt tlie partition of tba kingdom, tbifi tx^naing of Its end, ImmoduMI; ihllowed 
ib culininotion 'fcurthlj glory under David and SulomMi ihows how fVnll and pcrtsbablo it waa. 
This purtilion cannot bo traood to tbe doflant and thnugbtlesa answer of Kelioboiitik only ; it was 
produced by deeper and mora general cuuseo, lying [n tbo character of the people and in the 
mutunl.relutionH of the tribea. 

The tribo of Judah and the double tribe of Joseph (known as Ephrsim and Manosxeh), were 
rivals from tlieoutscL The progenitors of each were peculiarly fiivored in Jacob's dy inn hlmdng 
(Oon. 49. 8-lS, 22-!5) ; and botli early beeaioe more numerous, end therefore more powerflil, 
than the otiicr trilKM. D' fore the entroneo into Canaan Jtidah numbered T0,SOO, and the doulile 
triboofJoKph numbered SG, too. Hum. Ifl. 23-28, Sl-^7. Thle tribe claimed llie largest territory 
at tlio division of the londfJceh. IT. 1*; 1 Climn, B. 1) on account of its numbers; and because 
it liad inherited Itoubcn'x birtbriglit. But " llie scepter" bod been promiseJ to .fudali, ami the 
loB<lcrs in tlio murch tlirough the denert, a« well os iji the conquest of Camian, headed that tribe. 
IChron. 6, 2; Num.2. B; 10.1*; Juda, 1. S ; 20.18. Both tribes were warliko. Judg. 1.1,10; 
8. 1, »g. i Pso. 78. B. Each rpgairled ilaelf as evenly matehed with the other. Added tn tliia 
there was a diCferenoo in the character and pursuits of the tribes : Juduh liociimo [bo leailer and 
head of the theocracy and the oovonunt, Ihcrcfori of higher religious tifc (<ien. 43. 10; Psa. 
60. 9; 78. tfT,»3.; 114.1,2); Ephniim ropresontiid the Mcular side of the people' « lilii. and with 
it the coniieiuusncsH of material itreiigth and oarthly abundance appe;ira in tljo fiireftround. 
Ocii. 48. 20, ■;.,' Dent. 83. 13 ; Psn. 7B. S, ig. There was. therefore, !n Ilia latter more recnptjvity 
to wliBt bus been called " naturo-reli^on," and a tondency to liidopeadance of any other tril>e, and 
eepecially of one not entirely itn equal. 

Tliia lendon-y to draw apart, which appeared thua enriy in the nation, grew stronger in tlte 
distracted limoa of Iho Judgos, asserting itself aometiinoK with great energy. After Saul's dcnth 
the two chief tribe-i formally separalod umlcr difftrent kings (2 Sam. 2, 4-11); this separation, 
however, lasted only seven years and a half, afier which tbe revoll^d tribes went over Vt J)avid, 
the kuig of Judoh. 2 Bam. S. l,*?. 

But the monj the power and authority of Judah increased under David and B'Jomon, so much 
the more did llio old jealousy and love of independoneo grow in Ephrairn. That tribe was very 
unwilling that the dominant authority of Judah should be secured by its service. Jcrohoeni's 
llrst ai(oni|it to raise an insurrection miscarried, but tiiedeslre for independence brokeout again 
more violently nfler Solomon's death, fbr it was very evident that Rehoboam did not in the least 
roHcmble Lin father. 

To tlie houKO of Joseph — that is, to Epfaraim and Manasseh with lie niijaeeiit tribe of Beu- 
Jamin— had liclDiigcd, down to (ho time of David, all the cliiof rulare of Linicl ; Joiihuii, the con- 
queror ; Dobor.Hli, tlio one prophetees ; Gideon, tlia one regal sjpirit of the judges ; Abimeloeli and 
Saul, tlie fimt klngM : Samael, the rOBtorcr or the state aner the fall of SbiloJi. It was natural 
that, wiih such an inlierilanve of glory, Ephreim should eliafs under any rival supremacy. Even 
■gainst the impartial sway of its own Joshua, and of its kindred horoex, Gideon and Jcphthah, its 
proud spirit was always in tevoK ; how much mora when the blessing of Joseph seemed to be 


JAN. 4, 1891. LESSON I. 1 Knras 13. 1-17. 

altogether meifced in the blcssinji of tha rivd Juduh ; when tlio Iiord " refiual tlio lubcniaale of 
Joaeph, and chow not tbe trib« of Ephraiui, but chaw tfae tribe of Judnh, Ihe niount Zion wliich 
ha lovod." Paa. TS. «7, 68. All then embain of diuffacdon, irhioh hud well nigli bur^t inio a 
geuaral coDflagntioii in the revolt of Bhelm, vcre ■till gloiring ; )t nwdod but a brselh to bloit 
thetn into a Bame. 

Sueli a temponirj diyisioa of the kinji^oni u this won oot inconsMent vlth the higher unitj 
of the divine monarchy. But as nrather of (lie kingdomB adhered to that higher unity, Bphnim 
fbnakinfT tlie lav from the beginning, and Judah only ■ometlmes faitliriil, the dlvUion bocainD, 
tbniugli theguilt of bothktngdomii, tho gpnn of thfur dntrucdnn. Mute IS. 25. Qod'> ideal via 
that of an elemal kinjtdom, an "inward kingdom of Uod," irhioh Bbould embraoo all nDlioru, in 
which " Ephniim aliould not enyy Judah, nor Judah vu Ephrwin" (Isi. 11. IS), and in which 
" ODB king ■hould l<e king lo them all." £zak. ST. IB-SS. Our lenvma will show that an tlie two 
monorchiai gndually appronchad thalr dinoluUon the longing for on andaring and eternal kingdom 
baaame more ardent, and the worda of tbe Hebrew proplieu loore deflnlla and aignlfloant. 

A coniplate lack of religioua foellngand manner iitobeervable Id theae two oppoalng paitiea. 
When JnnliUB called the eiders together la Sheobem, before hu end, " Uiey preseutad tlietnaolva* 
before Ood." Josh. SI. 1, iq. When Samuel did the aams at Mizpeh, he said to tliein, " Preaent 
jonrKlTea betbra die Lord." 1 Sam. lOv 1i. When all Che tribea came (o David in Hebron, after 
lah-bochcth'it death, and acknowledged him king over all leraol, they ca'lvd lo mind Juliorah'a 
word, and David " made a leagna with them before tike Lord." S Sam. S. 1-8. When Solomon 
aaaambled the Iieada of the tribea at the dedicaUon, the oaramony not only began witii divine 
wonbip, but endod bytlie"kin)( and all larael with him otTering aaeriflee iwfore tlie Lord." 
Chap. 8. 1, C, 43. In the present inslanee, howerer, nothln^t was done " before the Lord," but 
ereiy thing was done withont him. Keitber the tribe-heads nor Jeroboam nor Ushoboam nor 
hia eounaelotB, old or young, inquire after Ood. That be la their true aovereim, before whom 
tbey most all bow, does notoocilr to them. They tUiak only which of the two parties should 
rule the other. Thus ore revolution* and anarehy niado ready. 

God ralfllla himself exaclly. Ter, I.— (Comp. 1 Sam. 8. 11-18.) Ilowever long the 
diain of soeond cauaed may be, tlie Brst link ia always in Ood's band. The bee builda its 
booeyeomb with raatiiematicttl emclneaa. To c'lmbine atronjrih with eoonomy ocrlain angle* 
BDrt t« formed. Xomig aacertnins lliat 109 deg. S6 miii. and TO deg. U min. fuIHll tliuM oon- 
ditlons. llarandCi nii«surement of tbe cell rcaulta in 109 di^. 88 mln. and TO dog. 33 min. 
This giTes a dincrepancy of td&od POrt of a circle. But Lord Snrugham provai Maraodi wrong 
by exartly two niinutea, and the bee'a ceil perfect aa an inalanoo of grealoat streni^ from l«Ml 
material. Tbe tiod wlio guides tha baa's Instiuot ao wonderfully ia not loaa careful to nilflll hia 
prcratsesaod (bicatenlDgs. 

Tbotigb the mflla of Ood grind slowly, yst they grind eioeedlng small : 
noogh with patience be stands walUng, with eiactoesa trrlads he aiV—LongfiTlow. 
Ood'aerTBnds QererfalL— WMUCcr. 
Tanimx poittta dema«d care. Teta. 1-S,— When tTaveling In the AlpHononnonaeM 
a nmiH iron ciwa planted at a ateep turn in the road or on tbo veigo of aemo imuiLiuw precipice. 
Each ereea marks tba spot where a too careless tourist was lost. 

Tha European nations tliat espoused the Befonnation have proFpered, while tliose that mjacted 
it ha*a had coiituriot of ill, and are still ranged on the ^de of auperstitioD. 

Jacob nilNKsd a chanoe at Bethel. It took twenty years, one tliousand miUa of trarol, and many 
a w r uw a befuFa he found another aa good at Penual. 

n«re Is a tide In tbe aflalia of man 

Which taken at the Oaod teails on to torUme.— Shoitaqism. 

DedM not reshlr. 'Hie decWon made 

Qtn Dsrer be recalled. Tbe gods Impltne not. 

Plead not, solloll not ; tlMiy oulr offer 

dKileeand oceaskn. wlilcli enoa being past 


1 KiNQB 13. 1-17. 

Ones lo «Tei7 man i 
InUieitiira wUh tr 

Delay li dangerons* Ver. 5. — Alexander the Great oace uid: "I conquarod (he vorld 
bj not v^tinff." 

Six hours' dela/ lo6t Waterloo for Nnpoleon. A deli^ of rain tbe evimiDg before csuRed 
him to vait till the ground settled for artjllery, aod this gave BlUcher time tn join WolllDgtoa 
with Te-cnftH^^emeuta. 

He vho is not readf to-dD7 will he leu so to-morrow. — Ovid. 

"Tlioroadof By and By leads to the town of Novor." 

Experieace shonM teach as. Tei< 0.— Old men had preat smhority aniong people of 
aniiqultj. Soma harrowed this tmitfYom tbe Leoedemoniaus. Tlietjtios "xennta" mid'' father," 
■pplied toBtaCsamen, aroae fVom the hubitafdepetidiiigon the wisilnm of men of ycam. 

" Yonng men tliink old man Co be foola, and old men know young men to bo bo." 

Common eense is the basis of genius, and experieooe in haudn and fbet to ever; cnteipriM. — 

Great reanlts come flrom small canaes* Ter. T.— Preaident OarSeld tmced hie oon- 
vemion to wearing a certain pair of stoekingii. He hud made one Crip on a eanal-boat, and was 
about to start lor nuotlier when he injured hia loot clioppiiig wood. Tha blue dye of his socks 
poisone<< tlio wound. While kept at home ■ revival broke out and lie was oonverted. 

On the summit of a liill in a Western State is a court-house so situated that rain-drops on one 
side (fe!u:end iulo LokeKrie, and on the other, nio the MiaHisaippi, to the Oulf of Mexioo. A brealli 
of wind detenuinca the dcaCinatioii of Iheae nia-dropa for three thousand miles. 
TbtDt nauDlit a trifle, tbongb [C small ■[ 

Examples fl-om History; The Beformalion resaltad from a text flashed on Luther's mind while 
ollmbing Bantu Soala at Rome ; Iho niucluinicnl use of atuain, from Walt noting the daneo of ii 
kettle lid ; Uoctricily, (Turn Frunkliii using a kite ; gla»<, from aailoiK nniking tlio between lumps of 
■odu on Che Band; tliu principle ofttie sUA<pcn»ion bridge frnm a epidur's web. 

" For want of a nail tlie shoe was lost, for want of a ahoe the liorBe was lost, for want of the 
horw tlie rider was lost, for want of the rider the battle van lust." 

Neglect always brings loss. Vera. 8, lit— Tlie male alectato spend its lire-tUne 
undcr-((Tciund. Nature revenges by closing ita eyua or rediiolUK them to a mdinienlury sIMe. 

Crustacea of Mammoth Cave of Kentucky seein to have eyes. A awift incision witli M«lf.el and 
a glance tlirough the lena ahowa the front perfect but a mnsB of ruin behind, the optic nerve a 
shrankcn, inaonaalo thraod — the rcault of tlie diisoordod opportunities of tlicir ancostore, who 
led Uio eunllglit for the aivt.—Drumniond, 

True slrength is alwar* calm. Ter, 13.— lirest forces, like gravitation, beat and dew, 
are noiwless. Love never apeoka loud. Smooth water runs deep. Power can do by gonttencoa 
that whii'h violence foila to accompliah. A aofl answer turnctli away wrath. 

Alexander the Great manifested auch cslmiieas on tha eve of a buttlu In which hla fortaas lay 
at Btukc thiiC one of hla offictn exprcsaed aurpriao. " How," aaid the conqueror, " la iC poa^ble 
for OH not to be calm since the enemy [Dariua, with fltleeii times as large an army] ia coming to 
deliver himself into our hands) " 

Thrtoe !■ he armed that bath his qnarTcl Juit. . , . 

Be Just and Tear aot.—SltOltevptan. 

HhtlitteaC powers by deepest ealms are fed. 

And aleep bow ot; In thluga Uial genlMt lie.— Bonn OrnuoS. 


Jan. 4, 1891. LESSON I. 1 Kings 12, l-Vl. 

After (bllnret what T Vers. 14, lA* IT.— General Grant uud, thut the gtaiuai geaeral 
was he who toald leun most (Vom bit luilurM. 

Arrhiteetonl Bkill BrcflU Ibe most maBslve edlfloea on mod. 
" It U nevet too bU to maad." 

Our to-Oaja and rccMrdATi 

im Um blDCka witb wtiloh we build.— LonaTedoW. 

.... Hen may rise on iitepplDii-sCoaes 
Of Uwlr dtad selTei to blgher Uiiati.—TeniiyKm. 


1. DiWrftiniLp of tlie empire won by Diirid.Bnd ruled 01 
larger it wu than lliu tciritor; of the Inulve tribes. Cull ktt 
tlie proinine of Jo«li. 1. i iris fulDllad. 

3. Bhow the elementa of weakneu ind of distntiienition wblch existed in tho empire duriii|{ 
the later j^euni of Snionion, uad which at onoe rose to the Burfboe at tho sccessioD of liehobomn. 
These irere: 1.) The strong rivalry of the tribes of Ephruiin and Judoh. S.) The corrupting in- 
fioenoo of idolatry, nhicU infected alleliiMwH of society. B.) The oztraTiigince of the court, which 
Goiced henvj- taxation aud fiiinndnl dilHculty among the people. 4.) The want of ossimllatioa 
among [he uonqucred nations und tlie tarinus tribes of Israel. 

3. QiTe a word-plotore of the ronmntion of Behohoam. Why was it neceiHar; to jfo to 
Ehochsm ) Why did tho people not ^alhcr at Jcnualcm) Bhow Sbechom on the map, aud 
ileaciilio iu aitiiotion. ^Jiut events of tljis lesson group around this city I 

4. One man appears promiaenCly in the gatlierinK of the people. Who was he t What 
have we learned of this man before 1 We mayloolc at him as a patriot seeking the righce of the 
people, or OS a dcmagoguu seeking n tlirone for himself. Notice his traits in each aspect. 

C. The demands of the people thould be noticed. Were they just and right! Uaking all 
allowance for tlLO nmbitioun schemes of Jerot>oam. and his interest to show the wrongs of the 
people in a strong light, it Is probable that their eomplalnbi had some tme basis, and that a 
teform woa needed. Wliat parallels in history may be slicwn for this popular uprising! 

e. Thekias'ifollr is shown in hJH treatment of the people. Kotico tlie two kinds of ail vice. 
Wbicli woa tho wiaor, nnd why I The well-known proverb, "Old men for counsel," is iilus- 
tntod here. 

7. Ihwwliiiea shewing the five little kingdoms into which Solomon's empire was broken up j 
Syria, Ismcl, Juduh, Mojib, and Edom. How muoh Goal's people lost by their lack of unity in 
spirit ! The dospeet cause of the diri^ion was tliat Lreiil hod forsaken Qod and lost the fervor 
ef its Sist love. 


1. TO 8PECIAX SnBJDtTTS.— " Tho Kingdom of Israel," Stahlit, Jtaritk Chtireh, \\ 
»I-a30. " The Disruption of the Kingdom," Stamift, Jemih Church, ii, 60S-310. " Tho Romiing 
of llio Kingdom," F. D. Maubfoe, I'l-opJuU and Kingi. " The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah," 
(IRZKH, bW in GititiE, IlouTt tcUh tin BdU, iv, ]-». "StalB of Beligion under Jeroboam,'.' 
Gairii, iv, 19. " Authenticity ot this Histor}'," GionoB Rawuhsoh, Sptaker'i Commmtari/, 
it, 479. " Sbishak, King of E^pC at this Time," Siiuoscn, ii, 193-^12, and Cakok Kawlinsoh in 
J!:6liealBdtiealor,i,\i}e. "The Revolt of Ten Tribes," Faor. Bluht, Vtidetignid Coiiteidtnca, 
I>ii-1T4. "Bhechem," BrAifLir, ibJsMirw and Sinai. ''Egyptian Memorial of Bhishak," 
Geixik, ITiHirt teith thi BiiU,iv,2&. ■' Temples in Dan " and "Uving In Tents," TuoiuoH, 
ZmJoii^t/isAKiA:, 1,249,455. "The Judicial Infntualion of Behoboam," BpBifOB, A^pif Oma- 
mtuiaiy, X, E5S-S58. " Israel's Magna Charta," Pu/pit Commentary, SAO. Valuable articles Iq 
HmitVi Dietionary on " .leroboiim," by A. P. Stiblit ; on " Hehoboam," by Db. Cottok ; oq 
" Shkliak," by R. 8. Foolb. 

3. TO BEHUOH8 AITX) ADDBZSSXS.— 7^ Oloni <md Work of Agt, by Stdfford 
Bbmikc Old Age, Jamu Haultoh. The EthieaUon ^ Youth, J. Weslet. Agt and Yotith, 
Bacoit. JHviiUme teitliin i/u C&ureli, Archbishop WnATBLT. PKvllar SeepontAUitiet qf 
I'otitk, £. U. Cbafib. Sthohomn and JtrtAoam, Uai.l'b Contrmptation*. 


1 KiHG3 12. 26-33. 


LESSON II.- January 11. 

IDOLATRY IN ISRAEL.— 1 Kimob 13. 25-33. 
OOI^BN TSXT.— Thou Blialt not maJc* unto thea an; r'&ven Imaee.— Oxod. 30. 4. 


TIME.— Frohobly Bboul flTO B. C. Seo Cunnkotino Likz». 
PIiAOXS.— 1. Bh«ohem b control I'nIo'tiiKi [iton'riUcd in Pi.acei, 
LowiOD 1, [«g° £11- ^- Penuel, on tlie brook Jalibok. In onsUrii Pulcstino; 
a pincorlch in liiftaria n^cmorion (Oi'n. 82. SO ; Juiljr. 8. B), and of iiiiportinoa 
(iaaRiiliMryout[K»t. 8. Dui,Ht'ineortl>oaourcc)>ofliioJcirJiin,e(irlierra]led 
Lull), in tliovG 17 north of PaleHtino, woe (Voqucntlyinontioncd MB limit of Ilia 
land, in tlia pliroiw " fVom Dan to Itoonlicbo." It wu bo romoto from tin 
inftuanceoftliorcatnf 1I1Q nitlnti Uintit* itiliptntants lived " after tlio nuinncr 
ol 1I1C Zidoniiins ; " that ia, tiicy Tom Maforing poopto mthcrthaii ahophord* 
nnd hiwbimdmcn liko (heir brclliroii. Tlio phici^s ofiuscii liy Jerolwam vtn 
Hi cnch limit of hia kinjnloiii, and had licon nawviBttid wilii rollgioua nonliip 
In nnolont tima. B«e Judg. IS. 80; SO. 18, 26; 1 Soin. 10. S.—Cam6ridf4 
SibU. i. Betbal, In the tribo of Benjamin. 

CONNBOmra IiZETKB.— The kin){dom of Judnh, undor Rehoboam, uttdortook to make 
war upon llio Tun Tribo linmodiotoly nflur tlioir Kocoaaion, but was forblddon by tbe prophrt 
BliemnUih. 1 Xlnjrt 12. Sl-21. Four or fits years uoro pa»«d by Jor^ibnum, tlie ciicrRBt'O king 
of lamcl, In making Mroug his fortlficutiona n|ralnat his onomice in all directioiiii. Aa aoon af he 
fult liiuiaolf a«ura ngainit nltacka IVom the oulKlde he turned hii aUention to a lenJeney among 
hia own people whicli ho forcxaw would dlaiiitograte indepcntlent national fooling, and might 
iaUrfure with thu pemuuioncs of hu dynaaty. 

25 Then Jcr'o-bo'ain built She'chpm 
in mount E'phrn-lm, nnd dwelt therein; 
and wetit out frou) thence, and built 

I Then Jcr'o-bo'am built Bhc'clicni In 
the liill country of E'pliis-im, nnd 
dwelt thetein; and he went out fnim 

I. POUOT. Van« 25-27. 

20. Jeroboam btitlt Sheohom — Enlarged and tbrtl- 
flod it for a roynl renldonco. — Ttm/. It hud in oarly d»y» 
bconaBtronjitownnlthgntaa.— .^uniA^. For Mt. Bphrolia, 
hero, w« aiiould mtlicr read wilii llio RoTliwd Vcraion, " lti« 
hill country of Ephmim,"— Com*™/?* HibU. Dwelt 
tberein— Not exelusivuly, for in chap. 11. IT waflnd lilm 
dwelling at Tirmh. "Went out from thenos— That la, 
Bhochem tiib tho faoao of oprmtiona In the bulldinir and 
fortifying of nth«r cilieii. — Tn-ry, Fenuel — Wlicro Jacob 
wnstlid wllb the angol (Gon. 82. 80), and whneo towor nnd 
Inhnbitanta.Inthotimaortliejud^eR, GidoonhnddiaiCroyed. 
' Judg. B. 17. — Ttrry. It WB« an object of importuneo to re- 
Mora tbia fbrtma, aa it Inj on tho oaravan rnid fVotn flllead to Damaaciu and Talrnvni, and aocuTod 
tho fVontier on that quarter.— .ftiniirton, Faiitnl, and Uroan. A fbrcs alatlonod thara would not 
only protect tho land from lnvadeni{^i>ffar, Xtil, OambridQi .Biif«) but also aocuni the territorj 
beyond Jordan agalnat any attacka froin Judah. There U no doubt tlint ho buitt theae fortiflcatiooa 
by trib lite-labor, like Solomon {chap. 0. 15.»j.); the " griovoua »orvh» " (vor. fldid not, thonfore, 
mane undor him, and tha complaint i^talnat Rohobnoin appaan all the more like a pretext.— AUrv 


Jak. n, 1891. 

1 KiMGS 12. 2B-S 

S6 And Jer'o-bo'ftin said ia ' bU heart, 
Now bIibII the kingdom return to tlie 
hooBe of Da'vid : 

27 If this people 'go op to do ucri- 
fice in the house of the Lord at Je-ra'sa- 
lem, then shall the heart of this people 
turn again unto their lord, mhh nnto 
Rch'o-M'am king of Ju'dab, uid the; 
shall kill me, and go again to R«'ho- 
bo'am king of Jn'dah. 

36 thence, and built Pe-nu'el. AndJer'o- 
bo'am said in his heart, Now shall the 
kingdom return to the house of Da'vid ; 

27 if this people go up to offer sacrifices 
in the house of the Lokd at Je-ru'aa- 
lem, then aball the heart of tliis peo- 
ple turn njjain unto tlieir lord, even 
unto Re'bo-bo'am king of Judah; 
and the; shall kill me, and return to 

■Mk ln«UMlUBg4o«or(J*d*n4bUrlcliMoaM>ew. TbU ooune Musi pc 
that eoone onlf. Jaroboam aooitlit ant tbe AnagOi at bli loniflcatlani, and, u ■ ooiuequeiioe, 
Tben at length tie tunwd his attentkin to rellclous aSalra be toot Ibe WTong course. Let ■■ tits 
mndngbf btm. 

Kxeretoe lbrelboii«M. Jeroboam ndlr lacked moral reotllnde. Eenulne relUilniu ■cnilMIlty : bat 
notwttbetandlDft tbeae deplorable fuilti be b a complcuoui exemplar of certain noble qualLdee of 
cbaraeter. Take examtde by the toretbonsbt, dedslDa, promptitude, lud loduatrr whlcb brausht 
gn. wblle ;ou take wamlns from tbe godleameae wblch brouglit ■orrov (o 

36, 27. Jan>boam said in hla heart — Ha eamotlj Holiloquiied. The expreeaion Impliea 
deep Ihooght, and fbr-alghted oonaideration. He not only thorou|[hl7 conelderrd the eatject 
Within binuelf, but he alaa took ooodkI with hie moat inlimste and interested adviaera. Ver. 26, 
Ha did not wiah nor design to introduce hesthenUh idolatry into bla kingdom, but ba was appre- 
hanslTe thai, if all his people wentnp to Jemaalem to woiabip, their hearts would soon revolt fWna 
bim, and turn to tbe goTemment of Rehoboam. — TWy. The idcawaa forced on the klog'sinind 
by the approach of the Fcaat of Tibemaclva, at which It had been usual fur the people to go op 
In gnat nnmbet* to Jerasalem, and to live there for some days. — Jottphnt. If this people go 
TV to do ■aorlfloa — There appears to have been no thought in the popular mind that the ohoice 
of a ^ffkrent ruler (br the Ten Tribea would break their connection with tbe wonihip at the temple. 
8o tbat we must Judge the temple to hnve now become the one reoognized place fbr woiahip. — 
Lmt^, Tbiea shall the heart of this people turn— Alter tbe first eioitemcnt of the 
revolt via over and Jeroboam had begun to exercise lordship in hla turn, the attractioB of the 
temple and the prestige of tbe older family, and especially the glories attaching to the house of 
IHvid, would begin to re-assert their power. Jeroboam expreeses this feeling when he still calla 
Rehoboam ttaeli \arA.— Omibndgi BibU, They shall kill ma— When they have b^on to 
npent of the step which they have taken at my leading. Such reaction of feeling ia mora 
common in Eastern than in 'Wntem minds. — Xuatiy. 

Kmmk I* alHtlvwsd by care. Bee iLLusraATiOiiS. Tbe Orst raulta of Jerolxiam'a aooeialon to tbe 
eoreled ttirone ware multiplied taski and cares. Iveiy young man and woman pi ana tiiraiwb a 
AnHv eipolMMe with every promotion ol Ills and every Increiae of weaHb. God'a bWailnit 
Is Uia only ooa tbat " addetb no hhtow tba«wltb." 
■aHy lufraa l a— iatun. Jeroboam's anxiety was not wltbout reason. His mblecU from Ibalr 
babybood bad bean tsngbt to revere DavU'i family. Tbe depth of Om ImpreadoDS la tin mot 
powerful iDcenllTs to ChrtMlaii labor on behalf of tbe yoang. Parents and leacbars should never 
forfel It; and yDdog peofde Aonld Ihemseivei conxdentioiiily bear K In mind. Spoken words, 
boob, pictmw, noUeed now, will never be fcvgottan. 'Wbat a moral reapondMlUy ttala entsUi I 
lee iLLcanATiom. 
The daager at nlafas. Jeroboam via jnat now veiy popular, but be knew bow unstable Is tho 
bnnati baait. TMi tnilb bears on iplrllul eiperteDce. tiona ore secure wllbout divine keephv, 
Ivan Fsal feared leat ba ibooM become a caatawaT. Baa luxmnnoia. 
••uai af fellglsa. Bee ULVmanoNg. No one baa ■trooslf stood up lor God In a shifnl oom. 
manKy wltboat beta* made ImmedtaMly aware ttf the chronic fear of spiritual Inllueneea felt by 
tbe avenge dniiar. A tnitb wbloh kaa many appUeadaciB. " Blnlt fa tbe gala and narrow Is Uw 

« broad road lead onlybi 


1 Kings 12. 25-33. 

First QcABTEit. 

28 Whereupon the king tcx>k counsel, 
and made 'two calves of gold, ancT said 
unto them, It is too much for you to go 
up to Je-rD'&a-lem : behold ' thy gods, O 
Is'ra-el, which brought thee up out of 
the land of E'gypt. 

29 And he set the one in * Beth '-el, and 
the other he put in ' Dan. 

80 And this thiug became 'a sin: for 
the people went to aorthi^ before the 




28 Re'ho-bo'ara king of Ju'dah, Where- 
upon the king took counsel, and made 
two cidvee of gold; and he said unto 
them, ' It is too much for you to go up 
to Je-ru'sa-lem ; behold thy gi>dH, (> 
la'ra-el, which brought thee up outof 

29 the land of E'gypt. And he set the 
one in Beth'-el, and the other put he 

SO in Dan. And this thing became n 
for the people went to vwahip 



with tfae 

U. DBOZnr. 7MrM 28. 

Se. Two oalTsa of gold— Jsroboam'i residence in Egypt b*d mule h 
cslf-H'onhip BD largely praoticed chore, and this may have had aoniething to do wiUi the oreoUoD 
of theod golden HlirinSB; but the people had atroody become ucoustomed to the sight of the figure* 
of oxen in their religiauB opremonial by their prcsenoo as supporters of the iDolten sai at the 
temple of Jerusalem. And ae it had now beoome need^l to provide some aubetitntfi for the ark. 
and its eherulnm, it was natursl Co adopt the semblance of su animal with whose presenoe Ihey 
wera already familiarized. These calves were not set ap to be worshiped aa idols, any more than 
acre the ark and other sacred shrines at Jenisslem, but were desired to be symboU of Jehovah. 
Tliey were made, like the golden ealf at Sinai, of wood or other material overlaid with gold. — 
Teiry. This must not he miaunderatood, however, aa In any sense introdttcing Egypdan idolatry. 
aH the false gods that were afterward worshiped by tho Ten Tribes or by Judah wore, without 
excepl ion, those of interior Asia. The material and Che worbmanahip of the golden calves renund 
Its of Asia 1 the Egyptians had only stoue imagos ; they had no imogea that were cdst, golden, or 
overlaid with goU. The hull was, according to the view Dommon to all ancient peoples, a symbol 
<it the creative power. There was no type of divinity so univemal in the imdent world as the 
bull. Jeroboam wanted to give an intelligent and acceptable symbol of Jehovah to the people, 
and he oould have soaroely chosen any thing but Che bull. — Laa^/e. It la too muoh fbr 7011 to 
go uii— Bather, Yt llatu goru up long mough. To the mind of the Israelite there might bo a rea- 
son for ceasing altogether to go to Jerusnlem, now that the kingdonu were divided, but thera 
could be no excuse fmm Che fatigue of the journey. Jeroboam^ a argument was, '* You haveehoncD 
a new king, choose also new places for woiship," (oomp. Eielc. M. S, whore the sense is " Have 
done with your abominations. ")—CiiniArirJ;e Siilt. This was not the last time that religion was 
mode a State engine to serve political purpoeea, — Clarke, Bebold thr BOda — Sather, SAatdtkj/ 
God. He would no more esCeblish polythclam than would Aaron. — Tirrg. 

.The aitrarilveneai of sin deducts nottilDR from Its slDli^Jness. In practical nllglauB work wemoK. 
never forget Ibe raoUlt; wllb wblcli Salon dons ttie robes of an aagel at llfi^t. When seeo In 
Cbe true llgtit sin Is mt one ball so attractive as Eodllness. Bee Illustrationb. 
eynbalUm In wonhlp fi a BKist iDihUaDs danger. At times even In Itw^oost apliltual Protestant 
wonbtp roots ot Ibla evil seem to linger and need upniotlng. 

nL IZ>OIiA.TRY. Vanei 29-30. 

90. Bethel . . . Dan. See paragraph on Places. The latter place was the most frequented 
— for the words (ver. 80) should bo rendered "tho people, even to Dan, went to worahip before 
the one." Jer. *8, 13 ; Amos i. i, 5 ; 5. 6 ; Hos. 5. 8 ; 10. 8.— JoratBHW, /hmiirf, and Srowa. 

30. Thia UiiiiK became a alii — It was not designed to be idolatry, but it speedily ran into 
IL How oould it renulC otherwise, for it was a direct violation of the iiecond commandment, and a 
likening of the glory of the Invisible God to an ox thateatech graiw t— IVry. The text means 
whnl is afterward always spoken of as *'the (dn of Jeroboam, who made Israel torin." Chap. 

14. 16; 16. 88, 80, Ml H. 8, 1», 26, 81 ; SI. 28; 22. M; S Kings 8. 8 

H. 24; 15. «, 16, S4,S8; 17.91,22; S8. IS. 

8,81; IS. 2,6, U; 


s s 


S P 




81 And he made n 'house ot high 
places, and ' made priests of the lowest 
of the people, ivbicli were not of the 
■ouB of Le'vi. 

82 And Jer'o-bo'am ordained a feastin 
the eighth month, on the fifteenth da; of 
the month, like unto "the feast that u 
in Ju'dah, and be ■ ofiered upon the altar. 
lk> did he in Beth'-et, *• sacrificing unto 
the calves that he had made: and " he 
placed in Beth'-el the priests of the high 
places which be had made. 

S3 So he ° offered upon the altar which 
he had made in Beth'-el the fifteenth day 
of the eighth mouth, even in the month 
which he " had devised of his own heart ; 

5N II, 1 Kings 12. 25-33. 

81 And he made houses of high places, 
and made priests from among all the 
people, which were not of the sons of 

83 Levi. And Jer'o-bo'am ordained a 
feast in the eighth month, on the flt- 
teentb day of the month, like unto 
the feast that is in Ju'dah, and he 
'went up unto the altar; so did he in 
Beth'-el, ' sacrificing unto the caWea 
that he had made : and he placed in 
Beth'-ei the priests of the high places 

88 which he had made. And he 'went 
up unto the altar which he had made 
in Beth'-el on the fifteenth da; of the 
eighth month, even in the month 

81. A hoUM of higA plaoea— The word btre certaiuljr dooe Dot laeui a temple, properl7 
■peaking, bu( probabl)' a kind of call for tbe iuuge. — Biir. The gmven image muaC buve its 
■hrine. — VanUiridf BMi. At each of (he high places be built bouses suitable to the worship 
that vaa to ba wtabliihod at them. So the housea of high places (chap. 18. 82 ; 3 Kings IT. S>, 
Si; SS. 19) are tbe ahiinea for wonhip built at tbe high placea.— IfAdJafi. ICade prieBta (rf Hi* 
lowaM of the paopla — Rather, from tht tcAoU of tk* ptopU. Indinariminatelf , from the entLre 
population without Trforenoo to tribes. Tbe priesthood had hilherto been hereditarj, and 
fonSned to the tribe of Levi ; but JerolHiaDi annulled this divine arraninnieDl, probably beeausa 
the Levitea refoned to give Iheir sanation la the new fbrms of worship, and thus oblifced him to 
da this or have no priests at all. — Ttrry. The LevlMa, who l<efors tbe division of the kingdom 
had been leatlered among all the tribes, probably opposed the king's new deviees, and now, in 
the muD, withdraw to tbe southern tribes. — C<uiJii-idgi BMt. By their piety and numbers they 
greatly " strengthened the kingdom of Judsh." See i Chron. 11. 18-17. 

S2. A faaat In the eighth month — Solomon fixed upon ttio feast of tabemsoiee, in the 
seventh month (chap. 3. 2), for the dedication of the temple, and Jeroboam selects the same feast 
for the dedication of his house at tbe bigli place in Bethel, but he ordains that it be held a month 
later there than it was in Judah. — Ttrrg. Tbe "eighth month " conraponded »ith portions of 
October and Kovember. — S, B. D. Tbe ostensible reason for the change might listliat theingstbei^ 
ingor liarrest was later in the northern parts of the kingdom; but the real reason was to eiadlcate 
the old asaodations with this, the most welcome and joyous festival of the year. — Jamiaon, Fmuttt, 
and Mroum. The flltoenth da^—Ue adhered to the day of the month on account of the weak, 
who might take offense at the innovations.— i'lnV. The beat that la in Judah— The feast of 
tabaniscles, which oontinued to bo oelebnited iu Judah aooordingto law. — Terry. 

Bad MBaaTBs ars eltea iBtrodoced with a ve>eer of rlghleotuain* Ibat maka tlwin paai lor a 
Urns as tbe genuine article. JoDbuam eonlormed bb leasts and ceremooles as nearly aa ptMiible 
io tbose of Hoses. Itodem polllldans and tempters ol all aorta often pursue Um same policy, and 
deoilTe the very elect. But veiteered pine remains pins, and convenUonal decorous sin If aa tad 

S8. Ha oShred upon the altar — Jerolnam probably performed the fUnotlons of high-prient 
himaeif, that be might In his own person condense the eivil and eccteriaMJcal power*. — Clart4. 
Tliis verse Ibrms the transition to the next section, aiiap. 28, which relates what happened at the 
celebration of the festivsl st Bethel. Jorolnsin ascended the altar to hura saorlflee, and just as he 
was about to do so a man of God cainc, ete. Chap. IS. Wbat venie S8 repents trom verse 81. as 
weD as the words -whloh ha bad derlaad of hla own heart, shows tbe writer's intention to 


1 Kings 12. 25-33. LESSON U. First Quaetkk. 

hdA orduned a feast unto the children whioh lie h&d devised 'of his own 
of Is'ni'el ; and he offered up<Hi the altar, heart: and lie ordained k feast for 
■■ and burnt " incense. the children of la'ra-el, and ' went up 

unto the altar, to bum incense. 

<iiiipl»y the wbitiary nalurn of JsrobOBiu'i prowedings, wliich etlled forth thuooourruiioa of chiip, 
18.— iBAr. 

eiaeoiHM little kyllul*. 8oIamaD*siaoUtrT Iwdprepwa] Ibepeopletor Jeroboam'aabMiilTwlloiu: 

and Jerotraaia'i ijinboUc wontilp of Jeborati loon led to )(ToaMr UoMti. LIUle br Uttle tbe 

Cbureh oonfotme to the world, tbe eanieM CbriMui beoomea lukewum ; llKIa bj Uttle oor rouita 

»i« drawn awar Irom (be jiatb oC rlnue. 
We an napOBilMa Tor all our loflueani, whelber otnudoui or unconacloui. 8ee Illdbtkationb. 

U OUT beam are rtttbl our laDuenoe will be rlsbt. 
Lar(e IwrreHa froB Miall ■owlnn. geo Illcstbitioiib. 
Moral eeaprfnUe I* always a blander. See ILLDBTRATIOHB. Hall rteht and btll wrong lA all 

wrong. Oompnaulse meuurea nilt tbe Mend* ol nellber God nor tbe devil. 

« iLLCsraiTioMS. Tell Ibe old [able ol HmmiIi. 
■^1 punlshaienl came, aa tbrealeoed : eo will joun and mine. One mlgbt ai well eipeet 
to tall from a blgb lower and not be burt, ■> to fill Irom graoe wllbuot BnSerlnii tbe cooeequmuee. 

Rsak Is shadowed by care. Ter. 30.— AtouDder wu auparMitioiuly troubled beeaoia 

ivy would not grow la his garden at Babylon. 

Tlie Emperor Domltian ao dreaded aiwasBl nation that he linod with pofiahed marble the enda 
of the corridor In which he took exerciee, >o aa to rcSoct the image of an; one behind him. 
CneaiT Ilea tbe bead Ihal wean a crown.—S'taJrupeare. 

A crown I wbulall? 
It la to bear tbe mlaerlea o[ a people] 
To bear Ibelr munoan, teel tliEir dlioonlenla. 
And iltik beneatb a load ol apleitdld care.— H. MnTe. 

Earlf iBpreaalona endure. Ter. 30.— In the Bhtiali Uiucum ;ou tnar see stone alaha 
with marks of rain dial full Iwfore Adam livuil, and C!je Toot-priiit of some wild bird that walked 
acroBB the beaoli— impreaaiona mads wliilu Ilio annd wasgusccptiblo, and then retained forsver. 

GoldmUh Bsya ha brought from Irclnnd hid broKuo and his blunders, and they never left him. 

A Uroonlander.afteryeanispantin the United Statim.tooli aiolt fcnd started fiir home in a dying 
oonditlon. Duriojc the voyago he called out, " Uo an decli and looli It' you can aoo ice." He knew 
that if they could he was near homo. Hia tint impreaeion waa hla last thought 

Wonuui brought tVom India to America when a child; totally forgot her native langoage ; took 
fever In old >ga and talked in her molher-tongue. 

Danger of relapae. Ver. 20.- Numban of the early African ahurchea, not«d at Stat 
for their flory anal (A. D- SAl), became aubjeot to auoh paroxyama of apoataay that, under the title 
of L«p*i, they wete excluded the pale of GhrintiaDity, 

Xoraee orowned hia footmen in the morning and beheaded them In the evening of the same 

An attempt to worahip Swnt Paul waa eoon fallowed by stonlnji him. Acts 11. S-IV. 

A flook of tame pigeons, adorned with an infinite variety of mark tng, if let looae on an unin- 
habited island, bcoome clianged in tinu into the aame color — dark, alitcy blue. — Dmmmoml, 

Dread of TellgtOB. Ter* it7.—3l<^aWt aiory of an Aftican aavige who oame to him in 
dietresa. Uis doit bad devoured part of a New Tcstainent. The owner saw tlie moral change 
•ffocted in men by the book, and fbared the dog would be thenceforth good tbr nothing la a 

A youns man, who oppoiwl raligion, had a ainter under concern for her eouL " Pll give you 
Bve dnltan," said he, " if you'll quit thia nonaonae and be yourself." 


Jam. 11, 1891. LESSON II. 1 Kmes la. 2S-33. 

The tiod whom lova behalilii riii«« like mouDtuna wliich 0177 BUmmar up their sidea to the 
Tny top; the slemly juit God trhom aiDDen dread BttindB cold agBiiuC Lha sky like Mont Blauo, 
■ud from his icy aiileg the soul plunges headlong to unreailled dBnlrOBtioa.^BtuAtr. 

BiB made attntctlve. Vcr. 28.— Like the pcoionuus upu tree, tamptiuK weai; men 
b«Death itM ahado, aod iniinuiUmi; dcatli into ia Tictima. Like applee of Sodom, fair to tha aye, 
but tumiDK to aoHd aahcB on tha lipa. Like tha magiclan'a rod, fflittcriiw and powar^, but 
when cauRbt, starting into ■ hi JeoBB anpent, which plunged its &□{( into the hand of the tempted 
000. Like the Syren'ii song, encbnntiiig manneni till they wen lout in whirlpool. 

Oar BUD i> 886,000 miles in diameter, yel, iC viewed IVom ■ diatant alar through a teUacope 
haTing a *ilk thread aoreu its letu, it would be invieibls. Bo ■elf-inCereat blindi lo wroog. 

The foniouB Kowland Hill w*b aatoaiahed at a drove of pige which voltrntarily followed a man 
t'>a nlaugNter-house. Ha diMavered, on axsminatlon, that the man oerried a baaket of beuu, out 
of which lie occuionally dropped a few. So SsCsd beguilea by plaaaing bnita. 

Nearly all the poiwnoiu fluigi ora brilliuDt wiarlet or apecklod white, the healthful ones brown 
or gray. 

O what autborltT and >bow of truth 

Can cuniJDg tin ootot UaoU wlltaal 1— Shoheipeore. 

iHllneBCfl leads ~ whither 1 Ver, 30.— A. young Engluh oQoer was intruated by 
Lord Wolaeley with the comroud of n detachment at tbo battle of Tel-el-Kebir, and directed to 
be In a cert^n poution at daylight of the next day. By moonlight ha brought hia men tliroogh 
by a long and difSculC march. At close of the tight he lay dying in a tanL Lord Wolaeley hetud 
of it, hurried to his bedaide, and bent over bis fKend, vho asked, "Oenonl, didn't I lead them 
straight 1 " When our Captain greets ua, what answer t 

AsagTeatlreeiaaforeBt wbenit falla diaga down many othen with it, so also are many olhen 
carried along by the bad example of those who rule, when they GUI away from tb^ leUgion, or 
ain otherwise groMly against God. — Starht. 

AUnred to brlgbiCT worlds, and led the way.— Oobtomffk 

Or beallbful store.— John Sislile. 

I^rge harresto ftom tBall aowlng. T«t, 30>— The dissolute condmot of two men, 
Cbarte* IL and the Doke of Buckingham, stamped itself for centuriea on tlie EngllBh nation. 
The licentiom oourta of Louii XIV. and XT. oomipted the French people. The apostasy of 
Julian and the ermn of Conatantins were felt through distant agea, 

A blade of gtana took Are, and tba ]naiiies were boint to the horlion. 

A little child touched a ([ring, and the spring cloaad a valve. Tlie laVring angina bunt ; a 
(honund livai were in that ship wrecked by an Itdanl's tit^r.—Ttipptr. 

Bams in hia Isat vidt to Hrs. Blddle deplored the Improper lines he had wiitten, and ftared 
they would be raked together after hia death and pabllshed to the Injury of men. 

tvKj a man entting a hole in a ship's bottom inside his own bertii, and arguing It only 
tlTecUd bimaelC 

Tkia thlic becane a sia. Ver. 30.— A lady who houd Kom^e in London said; 
"1 tike your preaching, and can ^ve up erer^ thing bat one." "What is that, madam!" 
"Cards, sir." "You tMnk you conldn't be happy without them!' "No, air." "Than they 
•re your Qod, atid to them yoa muat look for ■mlraCiOD." 


I Kings 12. 26-33. LESSOK IL Fibst Qdastbb. 

Oae sin !«■<■ to aBotker. Vers. SO-33.— Like tha mel^ of > \owtf g]aiiier upon tha 
Alps — the Uigsr uid iiigher niiut fallow. 

Luat dwella hird bj Hate. 

The ooral iiueat, when nUKed, will not sU; till ui island hu been erected. 

Bow aet, reap baUt ; aow habit, reap oharacler ; bow obaiacter, reap deatiny. 

FableoroamelwhowaagnDtedpcmiinioa to wannhia DOM in the miller's tent; noae followed 
ly bead, head by neok, then ahonlden and entin body, and the poor miller waa orowded into tLe 
ODier darkntaa and oold. 

ma He bmugbt tanh otben. 
Dark atatsn and brottam, 

Moral compronlM l> alwar* * Unatler. Vers. 33, 33.— Vhen American Indiati* 

embraced ChnaUamtjr through the lebora of £liot, the iiiiaalonaty, Ihey were told tliaC gaming 
waa ainful. They uked if it would be right to repodiaU tlebta contncted befora eanven>ioii by 
jiamiag with Indiana who did not pray. Ur. Eliot urged on the ctedltoni that gaming waa ainful, 
and got them to redaoe their claima one half. He then informed the debtan that though they 
had Binned by gaming, they muat Iceep their promiaa ; ao they paid one half. But though Mr. 
Eliol'i purpoae was right, the reault of thia compromiae wan very hannfui. 

The penaltlei of dlaobedlence are aare- — Two aervants of a rajah in the Eaat Indie* 
were ordered to koop away IVom a oert^n oave in the wooda. They apeeulated much a* to the 
oauae of thia order, till, *t length, unable longer to raitrain their ourln^ty, they rolled away the 
atone iVom the cave, and were lom by a tiger. 

There ore two ways to dcMroy a ateam-engina. It may be ahivenid by a tJiunder-bolt ; or 
let dew reet upon it loog enough and it wit] corrode till the engine ia a maaa of ruina. Tha one 
ia inatantaneouB, the other gradnal ; both complete. So certun and eomplele the nun that followa 


This leeaon, Ilka the last one, requlrm a map: and a rough map drawn in presence of tha data 
bl more effective to awaken interest and ud tha apprehenaion than an engraved map exhibited to 
the pupila. Hake a map of Jeroboam's kingdom, embracing the territory of the Ten Tribes. 
Indicate on it Jeroboam's iw)atBl ; his fronllerfortrem; his two idol aanctuoriel. Find the earlier 
events of Boripture aasodatod with these plaoee, and if possible draw out from the claaa aeooonta 
of them. For information, see Joah. S. 30-tS ; Oen.82. 94-^3; 2B. lO-lS; Judg. IS. 39-S1. 

A line of teaobing for the leBaoii may be found in the sins of Jeroboam, and their results t» 

1. HisflntdnwaafoUowinc worldlTpoUcj. Ver. 2ti. Jeroboam thought that a aplendid 
capital and a strong fortress would nuke his kingdom secure; hence the aolargement of Sheohem 
and the fortifying of Penuel. But the true support of a government Is in the loyalty of a godly 
people. "Why have you no widls around your dCy t " was asked of a Spartan. " We have a 
wall of men," waa tbe answer. 

3. Hextwaflnddlstroat of Ood. Vera. £6,17. Ood had given the kingdom to Jeroboam, 
and Ood would have sustjuned him in it if he had been faithful. He hwl the prophata and the 
promises all <hi his side. Notioa espedally 1 Kings 11. ST, SB. But Jeroboam wonld not trust Ood. 
He must needs protect liiniself by a policy which in the end ruined himself, his fkmily, and the 
kingdom. " Trust in Ood and do right," ia a motto to be adopted and followed. Many men am 
like Jeroboam; business men who say, "In trade we cannot afford to ba abaoluCely honest;" 
politicana who dare not trust to the righteousness of their cause, and law-makera who vola for 
license to liquor becsuaeit appears to coat lea than the prohibition of the trafflo. 

3. Valse rallgion oomee next In Qm o»t«loBue of wrong-dolns. Jerolxtam set up a 
atate relif^n, not because he believed in it, bat because the people mual have same religion, and 
be was afraid to have them worship in the old way lest they might return to tbdr old allegiance. 
He made the (^urch a machine to control the people, not an institution to promote the ftar of 
God and the working of lighteousneaa. Akin to his conduct is that of the merchant who takes 


Jan. 11, 1891. LESSON IL l Kmcs 12. 25-33. 

m p«v Id the church in order to bring tndo to his stare, or Ihs man who adopls a creed ohicli 
HiiB his inclinMion. 

4. JarobouB rMdhad m daoper Inliiiiltjr when he nude prints of ths lowest oftlie people. 
Yer. SI. He probably took them from mil cIuhi, and wu not select. " Like prieat, like 
people." A people will never rise iboTe the level of ita minii^n of religion. If ile clergj are 
low, ignonnt, uid immonl, the chordi will bcoHDe a, sink of coTrtiption ; and when the church 
is lower than the people, the tendeDe; of lociet}' is lapidly downward. It wu aaid of a certain 
priest that he waa a jpiide-poat, showing the way bat never walkiDg la It. There wu no 
hope for larael'a riae when evil men became prieata. Applied to the miniBtry of to-day, no one 
can deny that It haa (ewer wicked men than any other profession. Ita power is io its parity. 
We f bould aeek ont Che beat, noblent, brighteat of our young men to recniil the minutry, and 
uiaintain its high ilaadard. 

6. NoUos the laat of Jaroboun'a aim. He became a leader in bia own false religion ; with 
hia own haada othnd inoenae to idols, and eomipted his people. He built his temple on tbe road 
to Jenisaleni, and satablisheda feast to draw ainde trom tbe Lord Jehovah auoh of his sulgecta u 
WMe religiously inclined. Thus a whole nation wax eomipted by liia influence. How often he 
il named as " Jeroboam, who made Israel to sin ! " What an epithet to be borne through tho 

5. Hotioa brisflrtliaramltaof Jataboam'iBiiu. He offended Qod; be ruined hia own 
houae, fbr tbe throne soon passed oat of his fiuiiily ; he led hia people into Iniquity ; and in 

the end CBDsad the detraction of his kingdom. He might have bad a strong throne and sura 
houae by following Ooil ; but he lose all by following evil. 


1. TO aPSOIAIi SUBJEOra.— >' BetJiel a Holy Plaoe," Oaini, Jfotirt wiM UU £ibU, il„ 
13B. " Idolatry Introduced by Jeubel," Qiiui, Houn uritk th4 Blilt, Iv, IT, 48. " The Land 
Freed tima Idolatry,'' Gaicii, Noun aitK tht BMi, ti. " Idolatry at Jenisaiem," STAXLir, 
Jtwiti CAwrek, ii, SST, Ul, SOS, US. " Couaeoration of Dan and Bethel," StahlXT, JtuUh 
Ctiire4,ii,S0T, 108. '< The Bin of Jeroboam," Stavlxv, Jneiih CAvrvA, ii, 110. " Jemboam'a 
Temple at Bethel," &»hlxt, Siitai and Btietint, S18, SIS. " Importance of Bethel to the North- 
am Kingdom," Btavlit, Sinai and iU«(iM, SlS-SlS. " Idolatrous Worship at Bethel," Lihob- 
Min'm Hitary, i, ISI, ISS. "Anraent Nature Worship," The EzpotHor, i, B, iS. >'Tha 
Woishlp of Holoob," Hu Expotitor, i, SIS. " Propheta end Kings of Che Old Tentament," ¥. 
D. Macsioi, S>. "Qolden Calves," Qbieu, iv, 10, 4G. Speolal articlea in^SmitA't Ditlionary on 
"Idolatry," by W. A. Wuoht; on "Calf Worship," by F. W. Fakub; on "BetheV'by 
GcoBaa Gbovs. " Bhlshak Despoiling Jeraaalem in Bohoboam's Beign," SxrcE, .AwA Ligit 
fnm AneitiU Jtonammtt, 100. BaWLoreox, Modtnt Setplicum, SSI. 

a. TO BXRlCOHa AB3> ADDBBSSBS.— frite qf IdoUarv and Mtatu n/ iit Aiolitica, 
BoBi>T Hu.1- ^nritual Idatalrj/, Bukiibrfiild. Batitliding Btprovtd, Jiv. Coif Vi'onkvp 
DtMunetd, Uaobios. WtaUk a Snort to thi Soul, Q. Sraino. OoUUn Calf, Baldwin Bbowh. 
UatatrfKaA SadaUdiaf, by Da. AxaoLD. Tli4Stdutid FropM, Hall's QmUtitplationi. 


J Kings 17. 1-16. LESSON HI. First Quartke. 

LESSON Ill.-January IS. 

GOD'S CARE OF ELIJAH. — 1 Kmes 17. 1 


TIHX.— eiO to Wl B. C. 

PIiACXS.— 1. SuiurU, the splsndid capital of the kiogdoni of lanel, 
dgaoribed mora at length in the Nolea. a. The brook Cb«rlUi, which 
ltow«d into the Jordan, t. Eu«plutlt, a Oentile towu, in Plianicia, 
tietween Tyre and Sidon. 

PEBSONS.— 1. Alub, Bon of Oinri, King of Israel, a man of vacilUt- 
iDg character but securely seated on liU throne ; he built for liiiiuelf a 
tainoas ivory pabco ; liie wife Jdebal turned iho IgraolUes from the worahip 
of Johovoh to that of Baal. 3. Klijali the TiAblta, anlqua amoDK 
Hebrew prophets. The chief poinU iu his hixlory are alluded to in our 
Notes. 8. A -widow iromkn of Zarephkth, a Gentile, probably on 
idolater, but with profound venentioD for Jehovah's prophet. 4, Tb» 
widow's son, who was afterward reatoreil to life by Elijah, 

8TITCHBONIBH8.— 1. AuwsA kiufc of Judah. See CoMsKmNa Links. 2. Btbbul, 
father of Jezebel. Queen of lanicl, won king oTthoZldoniuns. It woe to his duuiiutons (the very ' 
atrongboH of Boal'n womliip) that Elijali Bed from Ahab. 

CONirSiCTINa LINKB.-^eroboain, " who made Isnet to sin," womucoeoded on the 
throne by his son Nodub. During Nodab's reign Shcchamoontinucd to Iw the capital city. Tliowor. 
shipcrs of Jehovah emigrated thimlaroel to Judah, and hOBtilltiaB pnvoited for many years bvtu'oon 
the rival kingilotns. But the citiicns of Judah also sank into Idolatry. Jenasaleiu was bcMek-cil 
by King Shishak, of Efcypt, probably the fiitlier-in-iaw of Solomon, and the temple ami Sulo- 
iiion's Hpleadid palace were aocfced 9TS B. C. After a troubled reign of sixtaen year*, Beboboaui 
died. Hia son Abijah made a deapente attempt to reconquer the Ten Tribea, and defeated the 
forces of Jeroboam in the mountain range of Epbrsini with great slaughter. But bi« raiga lasted 
only three years, and about 956 B. C bis son Aaa came to the throne. This dlstiriguiahed king of 
Judah prohibited idolatry, instituted a general religious reform, maintained a vigorous government, 
fortiBKi his frontier towna, defeated the attacks of Zerah of Kthio^ and Baasha of lonel, anterad 
into a solemn covonanC with God, and was led by his iuTelerale hatred of King Baasha into a 
league with Ben-hadad, King of Syria, against Israel—" tbo one great blunder of his life." Thin 
bring! the history of the kingdom of Judah from the date of our last laason down to the dale of 
the present. Meanwhile, is haa been noted. Jeroboam had been sucoooded as king of Israel by his 
son Nadab, a wicked prince who was killed at tlie alcge ol Gibbethon by Baasha, a soldier who 
liad risen from the ranks. Baasha was a sturdy character, who usurped the throne, utterly do- 
strayed the royal family, and seems to have maint^ned iaoesHsnt warTare against enemies on all 
sidM. In 031 B. C. he died and wu auooeoded by hia non £lah. But tliere woa no royal ftmily 
now, " anointed of the Lord " and buttreiiscd by aplendid traditions, and the throne become a 
prize for which the most reckless adventurers fought. Eloh was hardly on the throne before he 
was ossasdnatcd by Zimri. Ziiiiri reigned seven days, and was destroyed by Omri, who hod been 
Elah's chief captain. Omri was a man of great foroe. He had defealsd his rival at Tinah and 
reigned there for a while, but in t)Lo latter port of bis reigu built a capital for himself at Samaria. 
Ills son Ahab succeeded him. These Israoiile kings were all idolaters. 

A. MOHAKHKDAS liSQENI). At Surafend, the ouoieut Sarepis, stands a sepulchral 
chapel dedicated to £1-Khudr, [Elijah.] There is no tomb inaide, only hangings before a rooeas, 
becauTC, according to tradition, El-Khudr Is not yaC dead, but flies ronnd and round the world. 
Periodically be returns to bis former place of refbge. " Every Friday morning there is a light so 
strong within the chapd tliat none can enter." — SlOBUy. 



1 Kings 17. 1-16. 

1 And * E-li'jah the Tish'bite, ahoaa* 
oF tlie inliabitanta at Oil'e-ad, snid unto 
A'hab, ' Ai the Lord Qi>d of la'ra-el liv. 
«th, berore whom 'I ataad, 'there shall 
Dot be dew nor rnin 'these years, but 
according to niy wiird. 

2 And the word of the Lord came 
UDto him, saying, 

1 And E-li'jah the TtKli'bite, who was 
' of the tuijoumere of Gil'e-ad, said 
unto A'hab, As the Lord, the Qod of 
In'ra-el, livetb, before whom I stand, 
there shall not be dew nor rnin these 
yeara, but according to my word. 

2 And the word of the Lord came unto 


I. BbJah-EIijah comes auddenly upoi 
throughout thfl history liisnppcai 


mbridgt BiiU. Introduced hke onother &Iclc)iiz«1ck 
(Oen. U. 18 : Heb. T. S), willioul moatioQ of fnther or 
mother, or tho beginumiirot'diiye — of if he hidleoprd from 
that cloudy chsriot which, iitUr his irork was done on 
earth, conveyed him buck to hQaven.—Dertn. Tho Tljh- 
bita . . . of tha InhaUtanta of Qilead — By a vory 
■light change in tlie Hobrew wo inuy rend, S/iJah tin TUk- 
iitt,/rom T^hbi of QiUad ; niitl tbi« ix tho reading of tho 
Beptusgint, Chaldce, Bnd JoHephuB. Soiiio hnvo tliouglit 
this place identical with tho Tliixbe meutioiied in TobiC 
i, S ; but that was a town in NaphUli, whilo this was in 
Gdcad. Elijah was probably called the Tishbito lh>m being 
■ native or resident of a place in Gilead called Tishbl or 
Tiahbofa, <d whioh no other trace ii now known. Tije 
wild, im^lor, Bedouio-Uke character of much of Elijah's 
life ia in notioeabls keeping with his Gileadite origin. The 
trilwa on the nst of the Jordan aoon fell hito the habita of 
tbs original Bedouin inhabilunts, whoae wandering tent life 
and almost inoocewible mountun fastneseot mido them in 
ancient ^mea what they are now— a people of wild un- 
settled hktdt*.— Tiny. Bald nnto Ahal>_Tha prophoi appeaia to have heen warning (hia 
apoatata king how fktal, both to himself and people, wouid be the reoklcaacouraeha waspunuing, 
and tho lUlure of Elijah's efforts to mske an impreeaion on the obstinate heart of Ahab is shown 
by the penal prediction uttered at parting.— Bi*i« Commentary. As the Xiord . . . llTeth— He 
dina not come in hia own name, nor will Che drought be, of liis bringing. He is but sent as the 
bearer of Jehovah'a word, thewordofhlm whom Israel had foTMken, but who alone wax worthy to 
bcalledtholiTingGod.— Cdmiriii^flMt. There ahall not be dBw DOT nln theae ymxt—'Sol 
aboolately, bat the dew and the rain should not full in the usual and necessary quantities. Bnoh a 
mspensioa of mi^Iimi was sutHcicnt to answer the corrective purpoecs of Qod, while an absolute 
drought would have oonvertad the whole uountry into an uninhabitable waste. — Jamiaon, fbuuetl, 
aniBrvan. But aooordlsc to mr wx>rd — Hot uttered in spite, vengeance, or caprice, but as the 
minialerof Ood. The impending calamity was in answer to bis earnest prayer, snd a chsntiaemenl 
invaded for the spiritual revival of Israel. Uroogbt waa the threatened punishment of national 
idolatry. Dent 18. K.—BOU Oommtmla r f. In Luke 1. SS and Jas. B. IT, the duration of the 
ilronght in Isnel ii said to have been three yean and six months. By ruch long-continued want of 
nin there the ndfhboring oountriea most ^so have been ii3v:toil..^Cambndfi BibU. 

rtmmmMtim wllk Ce4 «ltea ■trenilli. Bee [iLCSTaAiiONS, Ttie repreaenlaliie ot God need 
Derer tear. If we con aar wllh Paul. " I llTe, yel not I, but Christ Urelli In me," we majr boldly 
add."IwIIIiio(laaTw1)at mancsDdouDlame." 
4)a4 laafc rrlTallMH tslealoa to klei. Not eieiy sorrow ot our lUe U a punlsbment, but erery 
BoiTOW may be made a DMada at grace. 


1 KiNss 17. 1-ie. 


3 Qet tUee bence, and turn thee east- 
ward, and hide thfgelt by the brook 
Che'rith, that t* before Jor'dan. 

4 And it shallbe.fAiif thouslialtdrink 
of the brook; and 'I have commanded 
the raTens to feed thee there. 

8 him, saying, Get tbee hence, and 
turn tUae eastward, and hide thyself 
by the brook Che'rith, that ie before 

4 Jor'dan. And it Bhall be, tbat tbou 
shalt drink of the brook; and I have 
commanded the ravens to feed thee 


11. BT THE BROOK. Tanw 2-?. 
3, 4. Hide ttkyielf— Elijah's escapes from tho hands ol his eiieinies, and bis depsTtnres into 
unknown pincers, are liiiiit res«tiil>Un«w of the mjatorions vanishiniis of our Lord after )ie hsd 

dflliTered name of tliosa 
difine meusgce which ei- 
oiled the anger of the poo- 
pie. Luke 4, it; John 
8. &9; 10. 88. Compare 
tlia promiao In the Church 
of God. R«v. IS. S-U.— 
IVordnBotIA, S 7 t h o 
brook Cherlth, tliat la 
before Jordwa — The 
rcDderiji); f(iv« s fair rap- 
roftsntation of wliat was 
commanded, but the word 
rendered '■brook" is really 
a Uirrent bed, a deep ra- 
vine down which in niny 
timea ■ atroDK *Creani 
flowed, but wliicb at 
others was nearly if not 
ontirelj dry. Baoh wonld 
make a good Mding-place. 
The aituBtion ot Cherith 
baa not been identified. 
Nor does the description 
"that is before Jordan" 
help u«. It probably im- 
plies that the alreom from 
the ravine emptied itself 
inUilhe Jordan, and hence 
the valley looked toward 
the river. But whether 
on the west «de or on the east we annot tell. If the inttrvlew with Ahsb w*b hi Samaria, and 
Elijah traveled thenoe toward tiio eaiit (Joeephua aaya In contrsdietion of the text "toward the 
south") itappcorsmostlikely thathecroBsed Ibe Jordan, andfouodhia retreat in the wilder pans of 
fUlead, whicli would be more distant IVom Ahab and less fi^uent«d than any of the ravines in the hill 
country of Ei-hralm on the west of Jordan, and with which the prophet would moot likely be bin ilior. 
—iMmbg. Dr. BoUttion makes it identical with Wady el Kelt, which riaw amid tlie liitla of the 
wilderness of Judca, and nina throujth the Jordan plain near Jericho. Ulbera have auggcct«d 
otherstreamaon both aides of the Jordan, but nothinftsuScicnt has beehbroujthl forward l<< pcttle 
the question. Local traditions have uniformly pieced It weat of the river.— TlrTy. Thon ahalt 
drink of the brook — The drought had not yat dried it up, but aoon It would do ao. — CamMdgt 
BibU. IhaTeeommandedtherarena tofised thee there — Juatasin IS, £8 the appetite of the 
lion which had slain the latse prophet waa supematurally checked, so that he tare nuther the 




1 KiNOB 17. 1-16. 

S And the raYens brought him bread 
Rnd flegli in the morning, and bnsd aiul 
flpBh in the evBQing; and lie drank of 
the bmok. 

7 AdiI it came to pan ^ after a while, 
that the brook dried np, becaase there 
bad been D(i rain in the land. 

G there. 5o he went and did according 
onto the word of the Lobd: for he 
went and dwelt bj the brook Che'rith, 

6 that is before Jor'dan, And the ra- 
vens broufht him bread and flesh in 
the momiog, and bread and flesh in 
the evening; and he drank of the 

7 brook. And it came to pass after a 
while, that the brook dried op, be- 
caose there was no rain in the land. 

oorpw nnr tho uk, no here the greedy bird* were to bring Into tbe Talley enough food to auttlcc for 

the prophM'B vanta aa well aa for tha<r own. Their neat* wonld be in the cavea among wbich 

Etijab would Bnd hia beat biding-place. Many ailcmpta have boeu mndo to explain away tliij 

>eTM by subatitutintt " morchanta" or "Arabians" tbr "ravana," for to the Java the raven was 

an andean bird. Bat Elijah wa« not told to eat tho rovens,and Anba would not likely be In that 

Migtaborhood. CaiaTaun, eBpeolally, keep aa far away aa tliey can from wild lommt beds. — Lmjiby. 

e«iaMluMBi*k«aBllMlMrBee4ofMBa. HeloTeaiiawlUialoTewlildibehBatUeoMllDtDniloa 

iDoUier'a asda IMlwr'a and abroUier'a and a lorcr'a and a hnabaod'a, and taa dsdared (bat all llMse 

rimllcafelldiortottlia trotb. And aa all eaiUilj lorers kmji to Im ol aerrlce to Uioaa llwr lora, Ood 

l>yboQiblawfllten wordaodbliivoTldenca malnaplalliblapuriKmtoinateaileeloiirQeedof blm. 

Gat will pmrM* f)>r Ua Hnanu. Bo many mill wbeal* turn tnr ua, n many baTRalna are driTm tor 

m, we are » chne to tUe'i aeculanuea. Itial we are 4it to forsel Ibat all prarlalona made lor our 

comtort bsTe been i«ally made by Ood. Be worU not more really by raieni In mlncDlotu clr- 

camstaiKca (ban ibrouKti all ibe ordinary enrlitwrnenU ot lUe. See Illdrbations. 

Hod will pnwrei bliMrTaati. "Wbyanye ot little tallli T" CbrUl uwd to eiclalm wltb aaton. 

tMiDMOt. Ood'* etiarlota are aroiiDd m alt. " Wblcli ol the monarcbi at tlie world can bout a 

snanl like oura t" " Some trnat In honei and Kinie In chailDIa (aome In poUoe, or boala, or moDey, 

or npuuUon. or trlendi}, but, like RU>b, we will remonber tba name <i tba Lord oar Ood." See 


PtmccUbb aad ri«i1alMi at* eaaAtleaed aa abedlCQca. Ood liaa no CMIIOrtliig pcomlSM tor 

itNae wbo dliobey bim. See Illcbtxatioms. 

8, 7. J. D, MiehaMt explatnathka verae on Datoral priikdplea, auppotdng the brook CheHth to 

be a piaoa where ravens were wont to oongrr-gate, and ihat Elijah Cook &0111 their neeta morning and 

eveninif the young bans and other food which they brought to their young, Tba text plainly reoorda 

a mincle — all the more impreeatve fhiin the Gict tluit the ravena, the moit voracious of birds, fiir- 

niih the prophet his auppliea. Bince the raven Is a csirion bird, and a devoutar of all manner ol 

dead flesh, eooiehave wondend how Elijah could aat wiibont aeruple all thai waabronght to him ; 

bn thay abuinliy assiune that raven* mitaoutousljr soot by divine eonunand would bring what 

Wat eemmoD or unclean. Alika idle ia it to inquire whether the; obtaioed the bread and fleah 

lhfoi«h Obadiah or atole it trom AhaVit kitoben.— T'lrrp. Bread and flash In the mandng 

and .... amlns— Thia ia the flnt aoooanc we have of fleab-nwat breakfaata ami fleah-meat 

•oppan; and aa thia waathe fbod appointed by the Lord for the suatenaiioe of the prophet, wo may 

nalurally eonjeoture that il waa the food of the people at large.— C^forfa; Wh«n men disobey, 

Ood reproves tfaeni by tba obedience of infbiiorcreatuiaa. The old world diabelicvsd God'i warn- 

ingabyKosb, would not |p> into the ark, and so perished in the flood; buttlie inferior animals went 

in and vera fbd there. Balaam waa rebuked for hia diaobadisnoa by thf a** on which he rode. 

The disobedient prophet (chup. IB, SS) was alaln by the lion which Uod sent (Tom the forest, and 

uliich spared tbeaaa and thocarcaaa of the prophet Jonah fled from Ood, and Qod untthe whale 

tolling him baok Co prop heay againat Nineveh. Tbe t ion* apared Daniel when hia colleagues would 

have alaln him. Chriat waa with tbe wild beaatsiti peace (Uark, when he waa about to bere- 

Jeetad by mankind. Here thedtaobedieuce of Ahab and Israel was rebuked by the obedience of the 

ravenous bird* in brini^ng food to Elijah.— TTorAwortA. Baoanse there had been no rain— Not 

only had there been nolte, but the drought was oontinning. — Lumbif. See Bsrbied Venion. 


1 Kings 17. 1-16. LESSC 

8 And tbe word of the Lord came 
unto him, saying, 

6 Arise, get thee ' to Zar'e-phiith, 
which beUngeth to Zi'don, and dwell 
tlmre : behold, I have commanded a 
widow woman there to sustain tliee. 

10 Soliearoseand wenttoZar'e-phath. 
And when he came to tlie gate of the 
city, behold, the widow woman wot 
there gathering of Bticks: and be called 
to ^er, and said, 'Fetch me, I pray 
tliee, a little water in a vessel, tliat I 
may drink. 

11 And BS she was going to fetch it, 
he called to her, and said. Bring me, I 
praj thee, a morsel of bread in thiue 

la And she said, At the Lord thy Ood 
liveth, I have not'a cake, but ahand- 
ful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in 


8 And the word of tbe Lobd came onto 

9 bim, saying, Arise, get thee to Zar'e- 
phath, wbich belongeth to Zi'don, 
and dwell there : behold, I have com- 
manded a widow woman there to sus- 

10 tain thee. So be arose and went to 
Zar'e-phath ; and when he came t^ 
the gate of the city, behold, a widow 
woman was there gatliering sticks : 
and he called to her, and aaid, Fetcb 
me, I pray thee, a little water in a 

11 vessel, that I may drink. And as she 
was going to fetdi it, he called to her, 
and said. Bring me, I pray tbee, a, 

13 morsel of bread in thine hand. And 
she said. As tbe Lord thy God liveth, 
I have not a cake, but a handful of 

m. JXt TUB OITY. VaiwM 8-10. 

B, 10. aetUieetaZarephath— KaowDinUterIJmM(Lake4.S6)BiiBBrepta. JoaephnsBiri) 
It lay between Sidon and Tyre. There tbe enemy of Bul-worehlp would hardly bo expected kr 
have sought nt^ige, — Camdruigt Bihit. The former city of Smpta ttood near the Bes-Bhore ; tbe 
present village, bearing the game name, upon (he adjacent hilla, has aprung up aiaca the time of 
the Cnuadea. The entire plain hu been thus abandoned. The indent tite i> miu-ked by broken 
foundatioDB and irrq^lar heaps of "tones, with toinbe excavated in the adjacent roclu. — StMatan. 
I have oommandMi a widow wmnan— A eourco of euetenance hardly leea prooanous than tbe 
■npply of tbe ravans. An in the <brmer case, so here, the oommaad Implie* that Ood has 
prompted her to fulStl hU purpiiaa. Elijah lias been called, ftora this event, the firat apostls 
to the Qentiieg.— £t»n^. A> the ravens obeyed, uncanscioas of Uia divine power that oontniiled 
them, so largely did this woman.— Terry. He oama to the Eat*-.-AD old tradition points out the 
spot, on the south of the ancient city, wiiere Elijah AtkC saw the widow, and tbe Crusodora built 
a small chapel over the reputed spot of the widow's bouse. — Terry. Tbe abject poverty of the 
widow is seen from her ooming forth tO pick up any chanoe blta of wood wbich might have fallen 
tioax tbe tree* outside the aiy iiiiiL—Cambridgt MUt. 

flod ekooM* nallkelT iBilmBeau, because "He seetb not as man seeUi, for man jndgetb by the 
outward appearance, bat Ood Judoeth the heart." Human judgment would bardty bare aelMted 
u opproprlale apostles, or tbe rougti Lutber as tbe sniat reformer. LM us 
and measure no spiritual worker bj secular welgbta and measnres. The 
! In TOUT class ma^be tbe lullest of bope In God's eyeai and your own 
ig efforts may yel prove to be Ibe most sooceastul. 

11, 13. By her language aa the Ijord thy God llvaUi she accepts Elijah as a worshiper of 
Jehovah. The near neighborhood of Phenicia niakea it easy to uadentand that the woiship of 
Jehovah would be known to the itiliabitanlB, and the woman would recognize an Israelite in Eli- 
fob both by speech and dresa. — LitnAy. Tbat she was a heathen, and not belonging to the tribes 
of Israel, soeros evident lYom tbe tnimner in which Jesiu speaks of her in Luke 4. £6. It is signiS- 
cant that in t)io time of famine Elijah flnds a borne and food in the land of Ethboai, the father 
of the wicked Jezebel (chap. IS. SI), and in the house of a poor heathen widow, in whom he flnds, 
OS Jeera found in a woman of tills land (Matt. IS. S8), a futh nncqualod in ItramV—Tirrg. 
Barrel — The word in to be understood as implying an earthen jar; not a wooden vessel, or barrel 
of any kind. In the £aat they preserve their oom and meal in snoh vessels, without which 


Jur. 18, 1891. 

a cnue : and, beholJ, I am gathering twn 
sticks, tliat 1 ma; go in and drew it for 
me and ray son, tbat we may e&t it, nnd 

13 And E-li'jab caid unto ber, Fear 
not; go aad do na thon boat said: but 
" make me tbereof a little cake flrat, and 
bring it unto me, aod after make for thee 
anil for thy ma. 

14 For thus saitb the Loss Ood of 
Is'ra-el, "The barrel of meal shall not 
naste, neither ghall the cruse of oil toil, 
nntil_ the daj that the Load ° seudeth 
run iipOQ the earth. 

15 And ahe went, and " did according 
to the saying of E-li'jah: aDd she, and 
he, and her honse, did eat ' many 

N ni. 1 Kings 17. 1-16. 

meal in the barrel, and ft little oil in 
the cmse; and, behold, I am gather- 
iag two sticks, that I may go id and 
dresa it for me and my son, that we 
18 may eat It, and die. And E-li'jah 
said unto ber. Fear not ; go and do as 
thon baat said: but make me there- 
of a little cake first, and bring it 
forth uDtome, and afterward makefor 

14 thee and for thy son. For thussnith 

the Lord, the God of I»'ra-ei, The 
barrel of meal shall not waste, neither 
shall the cruse of ni) fail, until the 
day that the Lord sendeth rain upon 

15 the earth. And she nent and did 
according to the saying of F-li'jnh: 
and she, and he, and her house, did 

precaution the insacta would dostray tiiem.—Ciarti, A pilcfaor, backet, or jar for holding meal 
or cari7inj[ water, Gm. M. U. Onua — A fluk for holding liquids. — Ttrry. The barr«l 
Rod Ch« enue vara ipecial domaBtia articles in every houae. — Cambridgt SibU. Two— That i», 
a ftv. So two abaep (1m. 1. £1), and two days (Ho*. 0. 1.)— 7>rry. Thna wo often aay " a 
ronpla" when wa do not iiH>an"two" only. — Luntby. Hat It, and die — The drouglit had 
already hronght tliia poor woman to the point of atarvation. 
I Ov \tat AobU be «bBB to Qot eheerfHIlT. 

Hi jracknis Ood, I own tttj rlsbt 

To eTBTT iwTloe I can par> 
And call It mr aninmne iMWit 
To bear ibj dlctaUn and ober. 

13. Do ai thou hast said — That li, set about prapaiing bread IVom the meal whiob reniaiDii, 
but Inatead of taking fint foryounMlres bring what ia lint ready to me. — LunAg. Itappeara that 
Elijah dwell afUrward in tho hoiue of the widow, bat at fint he wailed outside until oho mado 
nady the food, which it moat have needed much fluth to give forth for the anpply of the atraoger. 

ew*a utal mt ear hltk la eaBM4 ly Hh lore Tar ■■. Our entire auoc«as— aplrltual and secular 
—la iHDDd ap Id oor faltb. Wltboot oonBilenee In God we muat tall \ and tlw " trial ol our BiiUi 
iraAeCb patience," ttiat la, Bnn and uaderlaUng purpow to llTe accordlog to tbe blgbest (deals. 

14. ITntU ... the I.ord sendeth rain— It ia evident the dearth extended to Pbenieia, 
md JfouMdn- (in JetipKut) aaya that in the reign of Ethbual there was want of rain for a whole 
year.— nrrt- 

eol lovelh the eheerfal giTer. God blmaelt glTe* conatantlT. Jenii'a example la one ot perMct 
aalf-abDegatloa and sSort for ottaera. And tbone wbo In tbla selSah world mtflt oompLeL^Jr V^ rid 
of tbelr nUUmen are UUrt their taeaTenlr nuber. 

15. Bhe went and did anoordlng to the sajlnK — It waa one of Uioec audden nicognitions 
of unknown kindred — one of thoae cross purpoaea of Providence — which come In with peculiar 
cbarm to checker thecommonplace course ofecolesiastieal history. The Phenlcian mother knew 
DDt what great deaUniea lay in the hand of that ganni flgnre at the oity gato, worn with travel and 
famine and droo^t. But ahe listened to bis ciy, and saved in him the delirerer of licraolf and 
tiBa.—StonUi/. The whole history ofthe woman shows that ahe knew much of the religion of the 
Ood of Israel, though we ire not told bow eh« had been broogbt to the knowledge.— Ztnniy. 


1 KiNfis 17. 1-16. 

First Qvabtss. 

10 And " the barrel of meal noBted 
not, neither did the cruse of oil fail, ac- 
coruiuK to the word of the Lord, which 
he spake * bj E-li'jah. 

10 eat many days. Tho burel of meal . 
wasted uot, neither did the cruse of 
oil fail, according to the word of the 
LoKD, which he Bpoke by £-li'jah. 


CoMnnBlOB with Go4 (Ives atreuKth* Ter. 1. — nuriuit the Civil War elevan man 
and a Mrgaant were wanted Tor a BpedaUy peiiloua exploiL The offlosr iatniMed with tha aalec- 
lion entered the Hokliere' prejei^meeting and took those in Clie fh>at aeala, sa;ing, " I must twve 
the bnveat men in the regimcDt." 

Whan tha emperor threateaed Cbrysostom with oxila if he ramainod a Chiiatiaa, (he latlar 
replied, "Thou eanat not; tlie world ia mj Father's lioune !" "But 1 will ala; thee." " Thoa 
CBDBt not J my life is htd with God I" "I will take away thy treasurdi." " Thou canst not ; 
thay aia in heaven 1" " I will separate thee ftvm tbj ftieuda." " I have a Friend from whom 
nothing can separate me. I del^- ihco : " 

A niinaionary in Russia was broughl i»fore a court official, who infbrmod him, " My imparJal 
muster will not oonsant to the introduction o! thin iiyalom in his dominions." Tha missionary 
replied, " Hy divine Master will not ask loaVD of nny ona for the cstabllshiaent of his IciDgdom." 

Quaan Mary fbared Euox more ttian an army of tan thouMnd soldiera. 
Kt MrencUi Is as tbe streoRUi ct ten 
Because mj heart fs pure.— TfnniMon. 
Lord, what a clianKe wltblD us one short bour 
Spent In tliT [Hvsence will prevail to make.— IVeficA'i SonntL 

FroteellnB Providence a. Tei. 3. — Heathen poata deacriba their gods as hrooding over tha 
liattle, wrapping thcdr favorite hero in s mantle of invisibility, and snatching him away litHn 

John Knox was accustomed to sit at the head of the table with bis back to the wiudow. As 
tiia result of an impression lie left this ohair one night and would let no one occupy it. Soon 
altar a ballet grazed the book of the chair and struck the candlestick. 

Landing of WUiism III. at Torbay, England. As he sailed down the channel the wind came 
stroBKly fti>in the east, turned south ss he reached the entrsnce to the harbor, was «alm during 
diaembarkment, and then blew a hurrieana which duipereed his pursneia. — Maeaalay. 

At a battle in Fianden King William noticed Qodfrey, a London merchant, among hia staff. 
The king said, " You are not a soldier, and ought not to run this haard to gratify ourioaity." 
"Sire," replied Godfrey, "I run no more risk than your nuuenty." " Not so," a^d William; 
" 1 am on duty and my life ia in God's liaepiag ; but you — " Before the aentenos waa fliuahed 
GodOay was shot dead. 

A lady had her attontion arrested by a ooatinned tapping on the window-pane. Approaohlng, 
she found a butterfly flying tmck and forth insido the window, and outside a sparrow pecking and 
trying to get in. The glass waa a dafansa. God is our shield. 
Behind tbe dim unknown 
Btandetb Ood wlUiln tba sbadow. 
KeeplDR walcb above hta own.— Louwl. 

Snppliea from God. Ter. 4.— Ur. Lawrence, who lived in days of the martynlon), aaid 
he had eleven good srgumeots ogai nst want : a wife and ten children. Wbou asked how ha meant 
to maintain Ihem, he said they muxt live on UatC S, S4. 

Ur. SpurgeoQ says he could no mora doubt providential luppliea than Elijah while reoaiving 
his duly rations from laveni. Ills orphanage costs |SD,000 annually. Only CT,000 of this ia 
providLil by endowment ; the rest ootnaa in anawer to prayer. 


Jax. 18, 1891. LESSON m 1 Kisoa 17. 1-18. 

Said d liule bo; to his mother, vho «■* very poor, and whom God had woiiderfiillr helped, 
*■ Mother, I tliink God always hean when wa scnpo the bonom of the burel." 

The ralehmted Richard Boyle, Earl of Cork, who roue f^om a lowly poeition to the hijihert 
rank, wlcded for hia niolto, " God'a providenee is my inherilanoo." 

After MuDgo Park ww robbud of every thiDg, Id AOica, he sat down In deapslr. Olaociag at 
a bit of niDxa close by, he thought of Qod'a earv even for it, took treah eoarage, and >oon received 

J feel aa weak aa a Ttolet 
Alone 'neaHi toe awful rty— 

For tbe wbole yrar lonR I aee 
All Ibe wDDden ot raltbful natnn 
8UI1 wra-kad tor toe love of me. 
Winds wander and dewa drip earthward. 

Rains tall, tana rlae and set, 

Eartta whirls, and all but to pnisper 

A poor little Tlolel.—LouvII. 

We AmchlloohefGod. Ver. S.— A Christiancaptainof a sperm-whaler nfmad to allow 

work on Sunday. When the men rebelled he promiacil them compensation for the lost day out 

of hia abare of oil. The mate threatened to have the csptuin dtsmiiiied, till he saw a sudden fall of 

the mercury and a hurricane struck the ship. Then he apologized, for dayn they were driven 

before the stonn, and finally brought to a plaoe where they obtained a cargo id odd third the 

" I wish I could Tuintl Ood ■» my little dog minds me," said a little boy. " He alwftys looks 
topUamd Co mind, and 1 don't." 

A captain coming from the oomparattvoly tideless Medilarranean to a port on the Atlanlii' 
coaat is told aa he anchon at its entranoe : Be ready at a eortain hour and tlio tide will biing you 
in. Though thii is against previous experience, and hs is in the dark, he obeys. Sails are ready, 
aochor weighed, and he is floated over the harboT'bair. 

" Do yon think," cikcd one of Dr. Hoitison, as he Marted to be a miauoiuuy in Chinu, 
" that jon can make an impreaaioti on the 400,000,000 Chinee* 1 " " No," he said ; " but Ood 
' can." There sra now over SO,oao converts there. 

Tbe quality of life may be aa perfect in tbe minuleat animaleule as in behemoth. Bo rlghl- 
aotMneaa may be embodied in the tinieat action I can do, as in tlie largest done by an immortal 
a^rit. Tbe oinile in a gnat'ii eye is as perfect as that which holds in its sweep all the stais, and 
tlie ipbere a dawdiop makes is as triw aa that of the world. — Jtadartn. 

A itraight lino L> the shortest distance between two points. The straight line of righteouBnesa 
11 tbe eaAieBr way out of all perplexitia. 

Cad tiiaa to Make na ft«l oni need of blm. Ter. T.— A good man whom God had 
pToapered becanM the alave of worldlineas as riches Incnased. Bevore measures were used. FiiM 
his wife died, then a bdorad son. Still later his crops &iled and cattle died, and yet his gtasp 
on tbe worid waa not unloeaed. Finally, while he lay soSMng trom a lingering diseaae, his 
bouse \oA fire, and aa he waa carried fhan the baming bailding be exclaimed, " Blaaaed be God, 

God ckooMl Mkllkair inatrBBaBta. Ver. 9. — God sets aside America's trained states- 
men, and oom minions the nil-eplitter to be her emandpator ; he leavea Erasmus in his sobolarahip, 
and calls tha singer boy •If Hanafeld to liberate Europe ; he paaiea by the digniCaiiea of En^and's 
&vi>nte Church, and among school uahen Unda tbe Bpurgnon for tbe masses. Of many whom Ood 
liMKin it may be aaid, " I do not doubt that Ood blesses hii work, but I cannot see why."— ,AUo0. 
Tha wavea moat effectual In shaking asunder the stoma of compound moleculea are thcae of 
lost mechaniwi power. Kllows ar« incompetent to effect what U readily produoed by ripple*,— 


1 KiN«9 17. 1-16. LESSON ni. First Quaeteb, 

Trial of ftllh necestary. Vera. 11-14>— When a diamond Ufoand it is rough and 
dark, like a oonunou pebblo. Topoliah it, iC it held close to the surface of a lat^ revolving wheeL 
Vine diamoDd-duat u put od this wheel. The work takes months, sometiniea years. 

A smooth saa never made a nkllirul nuriner. 

At the battle otCntny, Edward, the Black Prince, led the van, while iiis bCher looked on 
tma a rwng ground. Wlien ihsrply ohergod, the youlh sent to his father ctaritig immedialo u- 
aisUDoe. The king replied, " Go tell my aon I am not so inciperienocd a eommaniler sa not to 
know wheu suocor a wauled, nor so carelen s fiithor as not to send it." 

When girdanore would bring a roM to richer flowering the; deprive it of light and moiMure 
lill its leaTcn drop off and it seems dead. When entirety sCrippod a new life woike in the liuda, 
producing tender foliage and wealth of flowers. — Jfri. Stoiet. 

If the ambitious ore dreads the furnace, the forge, the anvil, the rasp, and the file, it should 
never desire to 1» made a sword.— J«i!A«-. 

flweet are Uie ums of adverritr-— Shotceapeare. 
Tbe good are better made bj m, 
AS odon cruabed on sweeUir sUll.— Rnper*. 

GeneroaUr recelvet reward. Ver«. IS, 16.— An iuH^ption on an Italian tomV 
stone reads, "Wliat Igaveaway i saved ; whiit I spent I Used; whst I kept Host." " Giving 10 
the Lord," aays one, " is but Cranaporting our Koods to a higher floor." 

Queen Eliiabeth requested a merchant to go abroad in her service, and when he mentionrd 
tlwt bin buuness would bo ruined, she replied, " Tou talad my buaineu and I will mind youn." 

A BaptUt minialer walking in Chcapidde, London, was appealed to for help. Yla had but ■ 
shilling in the world, and stoppod tooonsider if he ought to give it. The iMjcgar's distress prevailed, 
and bcfoie the minister had gone ■ hundred yards he met a gentleman, who said, " Ah, Mr. Jones, 
lun glad to Bceyou. I have had this sovereign in my pooket this week post fbr some poor minister. 
Take it." Ur. Jon« i-aid, if be hadn't stopped to give the shilling he would have missed the 

When Mr. Spurgeon was a lad he adopted tlie principle of giving a tenth to Ood. Becciving a 
priie fbr an essay he wrote, he felt he couldn't give ItM than one fifth. This his been his rule 
through life, and to Us obseryaaoe he aitributes bis prosperity. 

It blevMb blm UiM gives and him tbot takes.-^8h(th<*liearB. 

Lore divine will Oil Ihy Nore-bouse or tbr handlut still renew, 

Banty (are lor one will Dllen moke a rojvl ESast lor two, 

Porlbebeart(n>wsTlctalnglvlns; all lie wealth la living groin. 

Beeda, wblcb mildew In the gamer, nuiered. Oil with gold tJ>e plain.— JTn. CKarla. 


As an introduction, give a brief account of the kingdom of Israel, and name the flnt five 
kings. Notice the downward tendency of the kingdom ; from Jeroboum to Abab ; tntm the wor- 
ship ef the calves ta that of Baal ; fVom the toleration of idols to the pcnecution of (he propliets. 

In strong contrast with Jeroboam in our but lesson, and in stronger contrast with Ahab in 
tliii leraon, stands Elijah, tlie prophet of the Lord. Draw out tVom the clasa a description of hi* 
appearance, hla garmenta, manner of life, bia character, and hia misaiou. 

We may take Elijah aa an example of &lth in Cknl. 

t. ItwaslUthatatlinawhanlUthwaa cr«atlTiia«iled. Ahab and Jenbel on the throne ; 
cotraption of morals through the court; pri»t>i of Baal and of "the groves" in power; Qod'saltan 
thrown down ; only seven thousand who had not bowed the knee to idols ; Qod's propheta perse- 
cuted and slain. In such a time God taised up the most heroic figure in Old Testament history. 
So sppaared a Luther in an age of papal power, and a Wesley in an age of formal religion. Arc 
there opportunities for audi hamisni now t The boy in a bmrding-scbool who prays when others 


Jan. 18, 1891. LESSON III. 1 Kings 17. 1-16. 

fcoffarouDd hira: the youth in thu store who do™ right whon otben do wrong; tha foaag iidf 
In Hciety vbofoUoH'g nn aQlighUnod conBcicnoe whan all around her are thorn irho follow tbo 
cu^toms of the world— aII theeo loay Bhow Iho >piric orui Elijah. 

2. It wu falHi inapirlnc oouraaa. Wluit coure^ van needed to atuid before ui shgolntA 
moDiircfa with the word or rebuke sad of warning. Coll uttondoD to the aarao trait elsewhere id 
Elijah'! OBTMr. Whence came tbia coura)^! It was beoauae Eljjah had a dear vieion of the King 
of king*. Ho *aw God, and thcrofore lie wai not afraid of men. Notn an incident which ^vea 
the kef to Elijah's oouraffo bb well as Eliaha's. S Kings B. 19-17. He wlio aom the Leavcnif and 
theeloratf is bold in the pnasDoo of the earthly and the Cenipami. Qod-fear takes away man-fbar. 

S. It was lUai imp&itlnB Inalxht. Wo may not be able to undeistand and to define precise- 
ly ThereiD consisted prophetio inspiration. But Ihia we know, that these men lived in constant 
utd clow communion with tha Moat High. They talked with Qod, and God talked with them. 
"The secret o[ the Lord " was revealed to them, and they know what waa hidden from common 
mindi. Hence they eouM boldly predict future eventa which Ood had whispered in their ears, or 
In Rome way impreHsed upon their conscience*. Even no now thoee who lire near to God under- 
Mand his will. We may not be able to forelell the fiiture, but ire can Interpret the word if we 
drink deeply at tbefountaiu of divine fellowship. A little cIo<id< will keep the stai' Aom the a>- 
trononKr'a eight ;■ little blur will cauae the pboto^ph to bll short of sucoess. Soalitlla 
neglect of prayer, alittle love of the world, will make the eye of a Christian Aim in the under- 
■tanding of the things of Ood. 

4. It waa lUth Inaplrins truat. A strongs oommsnd — to trust to the ravens for food, and to 
tnat in a brook for water at thfi veiy time when the streams were drying ! Stranger atitl to 
trust for support to a atarving widow, and to 3nd food in an empty barrel I We see Elijnli's ab- 
■olntu oonfldenoe in God's word, and listen to hia bold command to the woman at tiie gate of Zare- 
pbath. The seoiet of hia confidence waa hla faith in Qod. He believed In Qod, and believed that 
God would care for him while he was in the way of duty, tiuch trust may not require the graat 
•ventaof a lifetime for its manifeatalion. The little dutiea, the amall trials, the ordinary temp- 
tations of life will afford opportunity for trust in God. Casting all our oaro on hira, whether busl- 
IMHS care, or household care, or Gmiily oure, we shall find that he oarea for ua. 

i. It waa £tltli bringing ablaa^nc. To IheoiiCward eye It would appoarthat Elijah brought 
only a heavier burden upon the widow'a home, and one more mouth to l» fed from hor alcnder 
store. But in reality fiuth ^ve a support, for while the prophet wss there the barrel of meid did 
not WMtb And a* a greater blDHaiiig life oame n^wn death had entet«d that littlo home. The 
bnad bestowed upon tlie prophet of Qod was not In vain. It brought an abundant reoompeusc 

a hundred-fold here, and in 


1. TO SFBCIAIi SDBJXOrtl.— " Elijah the llahbite," KsimuaBBB. " Elijah the Graat 
Prophet Befonner," Guiia, Houn mUt ilt* Siblt, iv, 51^1. "Elijah," Stahlit, y<mii Ckvnh 
n, m-MO. " Elijoli'a Bedouin ChaiaoterisCica," Btamut, Hinai and ItUMiu, III, SiS. >' EU- 
J^'s BavcDS," Tl-oe'b Bandioot qf DyfieuUitt, US. "Preparation of Elijah for his Qieai 
Miauon," E. Dk PBasBBHsi. " Elijah and the Great Drought," BishofWobdswobtu. "EUjsh'B 
Idfe and LeMuna," W. M. Fuiubom. "Elijah and Eliaba, Their Tyfrieal Bignifleance," Pr—lif- 
Itrian Baiete, vi, 4T6. " Hisaion and Ministry of Elijah," Kiv. Da. KuoiOHO, In SpntOB, A<1- 
fU Ogtnmtmlaty. " The Sign of the Widow'a Son," Bpbhoi, Pulpit Oommottarg, by Da. Hao- 
DoaAui, nnder zvii, 19-M. Lita of Slfjak, by W. H. Tatlor, Kbdkiuobu, Edibshkin, 
ll*cDitrr, LowBU. "The Brook Cherith," Wilsoh, Landt of lit BiHt; Dr. Bobihbov, 
Pkytteal Gtograp!m\ Tbibtbah, land oj Itraei, SOS. 

a. TO BSBMOHB ASD ADSBS88B8.^£I{f'ia Fid by Smttu, J. Sadbih. EliiaXinth 
Ikt Sattptmi, BuHOF IUll. Tit Fmphtt of Firt, J. E. UiancrT. SptaUnff to tit Jltart. 
Thokab Gdthbd. Ujfit from tit Old Lamp, J. Jackbok Wrai-. St^tA, Bpuhoboh, vi, WO. 
El-Jalt Standing B^ort lit Lord, A. Haclarbx. 


1 Kings 18. 35-.1!). 

LESSON IV.— January 25. 



TUCB. — Perlups threo yesn after the last leaeon. Bee ver, 1. Accord- 
ing to the N«w Teatunent (Luko i. SS ; Jus. R. 17) these yesm oiii hsnJly 
be reokoned from the beginuiiiK of the drouglit, for tint is said to have liinted 
for tlirofl yesiB aud ei.i inonthe. Tlie Jewish tmJition reckons tliia third 
Yonr to be the third year after the rcBtoration of the widow's son.— ZufnAjr. 

PIiA.CE.— Mt, Ckrmal. This in a bold bluff promaotory, which e:i- 

eustward to tbe oantral hil^ of Samaria. It is a long rango^ presenting many 
sunimlb>, and inteisected by a iiumtier of small [avinee. The spot where 
tbe contest took place i-> sitiisled st the eastern extremity, which is also the 
bighea point of the whole ridge. It is called £1 Mohhmka, " the Burning-," 
or " tbe Bunit plaru." Nu spot r»uld have boon better adapted for the 
thounandn of Israel U> have stood, drsvvn up on those gcutte slopes. The rock sboota up in an 
almost perp<uidiuular wall of more than two huntlred feet in height on tlic side of the vale of 
EsdraeloD. Thia wall made it visible from nil tlie surrounding heights. The conspieuoua smn- 
mit, sixteen hunilred and thiny-flvo feet sbove the sea, on which the altars were placed, pi«N>DI9 
an rvpUnado ipacious enough for tbe king and the priests of Baal In stand on the one ude and 
Elijah on the other. It iaa rocky soil, on wbich is abundance of loom stones to furnish the twelve 
atones of which tlie altar was built, a bed of thick earth in which a trench could bo dug, and yet 
the earth not no looee that the water poured into it would be absorbed ; two hundred and fifty feet 
booealh the altar plateau tbero if. a perennial fountain, which, being close to the altar of the Lord, 
might not have been aoceesible toths people, and whence, therefore, even in that tvason of severe 
drought, Elijah could procure those copions supplies of Rater which he poured over tJie altar. 
The distance between tills spring and the site of the altar is to short as to make it perfectly pos- 
eihle to gn thrice tliitlier and back again, whereas it niuet have been iinpoasible, once in an uftcnoon, 
to fetoh water from the sea. Tlic summit is one Ihouiand feet above the Kishon, whioti nowhere 
runsan close to tho blue of the tiiountas just beneath El Hohhraks; so tliut the priests of Baal could, 
in a few minutes, lie taken down " to the brook (torrent) and alaiu thvTe."~SiJtU Oommeniaiy. 

FBBBONB.—l. Abmb. 2. BaiJ»h. {For biographical notes see preceding lesson.) 8. IHio 
prleataof BaaJ. 

OONNKKTriHa IiINKB.— Ood, who had commaiiHed Elijah to retire to Zarephath, " after 
many days" diroclod him to relum to Ahsb and foretell the coming of rain. Elijah went, passing 
through a thickly settled country, which suffered Iho hoTTurs of Amine. Meanwhile Ahabbad 
ordered Qbadiah, his major-domo, to accompany him on a search for grass and water fbr the 
king's horses. Nothing can make more plain the terrible cuffcrings of rich and poor than this 
picture of the king himself going forth from his splendid ivory palace on snch a miserable 
queath In their search Obadish and the king parted, and ^^ oa (Jbadiah was in the way " he met 
and reoognlzed Elijah, who directed him to report his presence to Ahsb. Obadiah hfsitated to 
do BO. Ahab and Jezebel hod sought in nil directions for the hidden prophet, nnd this nobleman 
aeems to have been in equal terror of the perfidy and cruelly of the king and of the supernatural 
(bree which seemed to reside in Elijah, and which might carry him away befbie Ahab could 
arrive. Elijah promised to remain whore he was. Whnn Ahab came Elijah commanded him 
with an authority that Che king ilared not reeont to call together the prophets of Ba^ and of 
Asherah, the false nialeandremale divinities which Jezebel had introduced, toMtCarmel — a place 
easy of access, and remarkable in the history of Jeliovah-vorship from the pmenoe there of an 
anient altar. Tlie priests were called together, and Elijah proposed a test of the verity of the 




1 KtKQS la 36-3«. 

snog of the people. Neither the k 
'ollow u ■ IHult. EUjlll'l Hti 

25 And E-li'i&h said auto the prophetB 
of Ba'kl, Choose jou one bullock for 
younelvn, and druBS ft first; for je are 
taaaj; and call on the name of joar 
gods, but put no fire vniier. 

26 And they took the bullock whicli 
■ma i^ven tbem, and thev dressed it, and 
called on the name of Bd al from morning 
tjen until noon, saying, O Bii'al, • hear 
Dsl tA«rt tea* 'no voice, nor any that 

as And E-li'jah »aid nnto the prophets 
of Ba'sl, CuooM you one ballock for 
yourselves, and dress it first; for ;e 
are many ; nnd Call on the name of 

26 your god, but put no fire under And 
tiiey took the bullock wliicli was 
given them, and tliey dresBed it, and 
called on the name of B&'al from 
morning even until noon, saying, O 
Bn'al, ' hear ua. But there was no 
voice, nur an; that answered. And 
tliey 'leaped about the altar which 


95, Se.— The pomp and eplendor at the prie^ of Bud, glitteriof wiLh 
gorgeom vestmeDti (aee S Kinp 10. ii), would ihow the mora becaon of 
tha TDOgh, shacgy gub of the Twhbite, ftvm the futnew of Oilead. — Cam- 
hrUft SibU. Ohooae ron one bullook.— Eumina and ulect for yonr- 
■clfea, that there muj' be no tiuplcioii of false pUy. Ta ara manr — See 
Data on " Nuinben ux) Not Eveij Thing " M doee of this parsKtsph. The 
■igniflcanae of Bre in uerifloe : it wsAh the saciiflce upvsrd, and, *> It were, 
pKHntait to tha Deity. Should Godsend the Are, it would be aaign not only 
of power, but tlmt tho auiiflee waa plening. Fire, eapecully that which eam« 
thHD heaven, was Ihe gsnenl aymbol of Deity. Bui was snppoeed to be the 
god of the auD uid of fire, and if be ooald not coniume the olIMngthat would 
■how him to be n pretender. — Zanfi. ThAf took tlia bullook — The priest* 
of Baal employed the whole day in their deapente riteo. Piom momfnc 
until noon was spent Id preparing and oObring the aacrlflce, and in aup- 
plitaUon Ibr the oeleatial Are. At noon Elijah beian tn mook them, and thia 
axdted thorn to begin anew. They oontinued till the time of oSeriug th* 
evening eacridee, dancing, cutting themaelvei, miagllug their blood with thair 
ncrlAoe, and praying In tita most ftanlic manner. — Ctartt. Iiaapad — One (lart of heathen w«^ 
ahip eonaialed In a dance around the ^tar, daring which the dovotoea wrought tbenuelves up to 
a pitch of fnniy. Such waa probaUy the kind of wonhip of the SiHi, whom Numa instltnled 
at Rome, and hence tliidr name " Jnmpera." The danoea of the sboriginea of Auatratia wen of 
unMh thia bahion. — Ltml^. Suoh fanaliciem may sdll be aeen in Eastern reJigiona. Aa the 
HumoIouD dervwhea work theinaelvea into a A^niy by tho invocation of AUaA.' ASak/aatil 
the words tbemeelves are lost In inarticulate gasps; aa the pilgrima aronnd the Chorch of St. 
John fonnerly, and around the chapel of the Holy Sepuloher more recently, raced, tan, and tniu-i 
bled in order to bring down the divine Are Into the midst ofthem, so the four hundred sulI fifty 
prophets of Baal perfonned their wild danoea around thdr altar or upon it, apriniipng up or link- 
ing down with the fantaatio gueeturce which Orientals alone oan oonimand, as ir by an intanial 
medunism, and screamiofi with that austunod energy w liieh believca it will be hrwd for Its mnoh. 
speaking. — Stanitf. A heathen priest Trom Ulndoslan has just been showing me tho way In which 
they danoe and jump, up and down and fruin aide to side, twisting their bodies in all manner of 
ways, when liiakInK their offerings to their demon gods; a person basting furiously on a 
loni'tom or drum to excite and suntun their freniy, while they implore tha auccor of their goda. 


1 Kmca 18. 23-39, 



27 And it came to pass at noon, tliat 
E-li'jnh mocked them, and said, Cry 
' aloud: for hu u a god; either 'he is 
talking, or lie 'is pursuing, or he is in a 
journey, or peradvimture hcsleepetb, aud 
latiat be awaked. 

28 And they cried aloud, and cut 
•themaclves after their manner with 
knivesaud tanceta, till i the blood gushed 
out upon tliem. 

29 And it camo to pass, when mid- 
day was past, 'and they prophesied until 
the timo of the ''oSeriog of tho eeeniiig 
aacrifice, that t/i«re teat neither voice, nor 
any to answer, nor any 'that regarded. 

S7 was made. And it came to pnaa at 
noon, that E-Ii'jah mocked tbeiu, and 
said, Cry aloud : for he is a god ; 
either lie is iiuiaing, or he is gone 
asldp, or he is in a journey, or pernd- 
Tenturc he sleepeth, and must b<i 

36 awaked. And tbey cried aloud, and 
cut themselves after their manner 
with ' knives and lauces, till the blood 

39 gushed out upon them. And it was 
so, when midday was ]iast, that they 
prophesied until the time of the ofiei^ 
log of the ecening oblation; but there 
was neither voice, nor any to answer, 

They an tuugtit to praetioa theao BttiCudes from their esrliEst yeani, according tn dircctlorif laid 
down in roligloos books. To mako the Joinle and body pliant, inuch saointinK of tlie pHTtn and 
mocltnnionl iiianngGment an used, and they faavo maatets whose bUBinesa it is to vmeh these con- 
lortionn.— (7(ai-t». 

TiKre waa no toI« became Ibere waa no Baal. Bad, Indeed. It ts to Iblnk bow many calls tor help 
hare been made lo deities vho never eilited. But our God ansveis. Ullllona of CbrlsUaoiall 
ov«r tbe world can teiUIy from tfaelr own taearts' experience Ibat God answers prijer. 
Humbrn arc nal erery IblnR. Bee ILLCBTRATIONS. i man In the right, witl) God on hia aide. Is In 
tbe maJorltT though ha to alone, tor Ood la multitudinous above atl tho poputatlona of (he earth. 
God la nut altrors on tbe side ot tbe heaviest baitallona. There never wu a more blM|ibemoiia 
lajlog Ihan this by Napoleon. But we In our amaller ipherea are otlen tempted to lean far loo 
much to numbers and tbe oulwajd show of success.— Beeeher. 
BamritnrH vT UmrW will KM aave. See Illustrations. A man's sincerity will not bring htm to 
Chicago It be baa taken a through trajn for New Orleans; and it one laiUI wrong In bis spiritual 
life the outcome win be all wrong as InevlublT aa It would be Id bis secular life. [^meKaes 
does not change direction; Itonlf Iikcrtvaea speed. 
Tbe (Wly of spiritual uDbfilliif. gee IU.DSTBA>iONs. 

97, SB, 30. Ha la a cod— So you daom him. EUjnh attributed no power to BaaL Ila 
merely addnssea the priDsts from their own lovel, and to niaka Uie otijoct nf their wonhip fflom 
oontomp^ble attributea to him certain acta nnd noccssities wliich proctulin him no more powerAil 
than hbi 'Konihipen.—Canbridf4 Bibli. All that Elijah here derisively attributes to Baal mU'-C 
not, however, be reganJed as that w)ilch Baal's priests actually brlieved of him u the sun-god 
(hii joumejH, lation, sleeping), fbr this had ceased to be a matter of sport. They oiied loclur 
(ver. iS\ so that Bui, by hearing, might stultify the derision.— Zan;<. Talking —Hslher, nnd- 
iMiitf. Ad nttampt to picture Baal aa lo prsooaupled hy thought aa not to hear the loud ones of 
these ftantic prophelB.—Ctn»ir. Olied alood— The word urad forCbewildnvingoftheso haallien 
pri(i4B is the samo whloh is employed for tho most solemn utlemnces of tho prophets of Jehovah. 
Comp. Eick. tT. 10. T)ie thoaghlwIiichoonnectnthetwunHCsAeomsto he of ■ penon acting under 
•onie influence which ha cannot control. In both oases tlie exlomal manilbstation was in a d^irroa 
aliks, for Jehovah's prophets were moved at times by great outward eicitomenL In theH Baal- 
propheta it appoan to have been of (he nature of T%vmg,'^Lumby. The dance, aa v-6 may infer 
from its ciimai, inny hnva had aomewhat of the baochautic, pcling wny about IL — 7%eniia, 
Xnirea ami lasoata — The former of these nouns ia cominonty rendered '- sworI," though It is 
also uHOd of other instruments fbr cutting, a» of a reiortEiok. S. 1) and anal. Eiek. K. 9. The 
■ooond is constantly employed for " spear" in conueotlon with " shield " of a fully armed aoldicr. 
The Baal-dance was moat likety performed by the chief devotees with weapons in thdr hsnda. 


1 Kings 18. 26-39. 

the Rccued Vcraion has 
cluiigeJ tljui to "menl- 
nfftrinf," thnt the nntura 
of [ha ohlatioii might he 
more norly descrihcd in 
the tnnHlulon. "Skcri- 
flce " bcni Ik miateadlng, 
for ti.e offering was with- 
out blood. WhntiiimeDnt 
to h« oipreoRed bj tho 
%9tli vena is, llmt thauRh 
thef vent on Iha irhole 
day thiODgh, j-el there wu 
no reault of thair criea mill 
IxviatioDS. — CaaAridgi 
BOilt. There is nothing 
in (he Hehreir that nn- 
■wcn to areniiiKi whieh 
is here aiipplled by our 
trmnelmtortt ; hut the con- 
text Kho-KB that the even- 
ing meriflce in ine»nl, for 
from morning until bOer 
middjiT had the prieAtn of 
Biul kept up [heir orgies. 
Thtcveninz ueriflec was 
offi'red '■ between the two 
cveniaga." £xod. S3. SB ; 
Nnni. 28. «. This eiprea- 
«0D Uta daiignatefl the 
time at whicb the pamhnl 
Umb «u kiUed. The ex- 
act hour «u disputed even 
b; the uicienta. It would 

ha>B been kbout the ninth 

OM bmt iwtTsi by the tB'IOr O' i»mUt of ear prmfen. A nun'* wnw of hli own need ti 
Um tnieit pisTer. Daat'i wimhlpen eoold not be bleaed \ij Jebonb, of raune, becinae Iber 
vera turnlur away Irom him % but Ibeir Terr nMbodi would ba offendie to tbe true Ood. Not 
ImuT and exdlament atid wild WDandlDe \S! tnlvei— not eloquence or noM ["Lord, Lord;" 
"nuKb veakldx"}— buttbayeamlncol tbe human heart la anawered al Ood. 

•> fiei. Vban the prIeMa ot Baal cut tbemaelTea with knlrea tbey toU 
lowed tbe lutlact of buman nature which hai since led lolbe RomaDCMbollcdaclrlne of penance. 
But for a "dl waned mind" there Is no cura to lie found Id penaltlei lutlloted upon the body. 
Onr proper attitude before our great heaienly Fatter li that Ot emlrltlon, and mnlldence In bla 


1 Kings IS. 2S-39. 



80 And £-1i'Jnlt «ud unto all the 
people, Come near unto me. And all 
the people cume near unto him. And he 
repaired tbe altar of the Lord that wu 
broken down. 

SI And E-li'Jali took twelve stones, 
according to tbe number of the tribes of 
tlie sons of Ja'cob, unto whom the word 
of the Lord came, aajing, *Is'ra-cl shall 
be th; name : 

88 And with the stones bo built an 
altar in * the name of the Lord: and he 
made a trench about tlie altar, as great 
as would contain two measures of seed. 

88 And he ' put the wood in order, 
and cut tbe buttock in pieces, and laid 
Aim on the wood, and said, Fill four 
barrels with water, and pour it on 'the 
burnt sacrifice, and on the wood. 

84 And he said. Do it the second 
time. And they did it the second time. 
And lie said, Do it the third time. And 
they did it the third time. 

80 nor any ' thCit regarded. An<l E-li'jab 
■aid unto all the people, Como near 
unto me; and all the people came 
near nnto him. And he repaired the 
nltar of the Lord that was thrown 

81 down, And £-li'Jah took twelve 
stones, according to the number of 
the tribes of the sons of Ja'cob, nnto 
whom tlie word of tlie Lord canie, 
saying, la'ra-el shall be thy nanic. 

32 And with the stones he built au altar 
in the name of tlie Lord; and he 
made a trench about the altar, u 
great as would contain ' two measures 

33 of seed. And he put the wood in 
order, and cut the bullock in pieces, 
and laid it on the wood. Ajid he 
said, fill four barrels with water, and 
pour it ou the burnt-offering, and on 

SI the-wood. And he said. Do it the 
second time; and they did it the sec- 
ond time. And he said, Do it the 
third time; and they did it tlie third 


SO, 81, 89, 88, 84, 8fi. KUiill Mid unto aU tlw people— Vury evidently Jehovah's fol- 
lowers were out in full foroe as wall m thoae of Baal. The prophet culled for voluntaen to hslpi 
and "all the people oama near ; " tliat it, (here was & general movement of the crowd toward 
him.— J£. A. D. HerapaitodtlUBltarofttaaliord that was broken down— On the top of 
Cannel hid bocn one of those bl|;li places where wonhlp had been paid to Jeliovah (after th» 
manner of cho womhip In the vlldomees), unUl tlie place wliich tiod bad cfaoeen beoime knova 
■oil the lample buUt there. Tiie ciutom of worsliip at Koeii apoui wan oonlinued tar loof after 
SolomoD'a data, Bud Elijah here tmate tbe altar as a specially eacred erection to be rextoied in 
Jehovah's bonor. — Cambridge Oibtt. Tlie Isaue of tha day wie the reatoratiou of the aooient 
Jehovah-vonblp, Eljjiih ahown atill mora ■xplidtly tbe oi>ject of Die rMtoration and the rBnawai 
of the broken covonaiit (chap. 19. 10) In Chat, an Uosee bad onoe dona at the eonalu^n of the 
oovenanl (Eiod. 24. 1), In like manner he repaired tbo altar with twelve atowa. Thia was a 
deolarstioD, in act, that the twelve tribea togelhur coimtitutod one people, that they bad one Ood 
in oommon, and llmt Jehovah's covenant wan not concluded with two, or with ten, but with the 
unit of tba twelve iribeii. — Sahr. On a similar prppnrHlion for an altar ooniparo the eommand 
of JoahuB. Joah. t. 6. Elijah's prayer alio reaalla the alil! earlier memorien o( Abialiam, Isaac, 
and Israel. — Lianhg. A trenoh. — To caloli Ihu water tfaal waa to be poured ovor tha mcriflcB, aud 
thus to Intenaify the effect of thia mlemn objcct-lmaon. Two meaaurea of aeed— The maaaDre 
mentioned i> a MnA, which U the third part of nnephah. But whether the dunanaion sppUos to 
euoh side of the altar, ao that on oucii of the four aides there would be a ditch of tbiH capacity, or 
whether this was the capacity of tlic wliolc surroundinit trench, is not evident. ^OinMd^ BihU. 
The aeah Is the third part of an ephuli : according to Thenius two Dresdon packs;- according to 
Berthaau 861.92, acoordlng to BuDaen S3B.I3, PuTii cubic inchca. — iSahr. mi fonx ban«U 
with water . . . Uie third timo— The question whence no much water ooutd have been 
obtained in ouch a drought cannot shako the trustworthineiu of tha narrative. It i» pluin 
&oinvei»e40 tliat the brook Kishon was near, and was not dried up. lu aupply of water waa very 
abundant. Ciinuel, moreover, was full of grottoei and caves [ Wintr, " Some «y 1,000 "}, and 
if there wore wnl«r anywhere it would be there. Vaa lU VtUU ban proved that the place whara 


Jak. 25, 18S1. 

35 And the water ' ran round about 
the altar; and he fllled the trench also 
with water. 

S6 And it came to paai at * the tini« 0/ 
the oSering of the etieaiTtg ucriflce that 
E-li'jah the prophet came near, and said, 
*LoBD God of A'bra-hatn, I'laac, and of 
b'n-el, let "it be known this daj that 
thoD art Qod in Is'ra-el, and tA/it I am 
th; (errant, and that "I have done all 
theae tfainga at thy word. 

8T Hear me, O Lord, hear tne, that 
thi« people may know that thou art the 
Lord God, and that thou hast "tamed 
their heart back again. 


} KiNr>fl 18. -25-d( 

86 trench also with vntcr. And it 
came to pass at tlie time of the 
offering of the ettening oblation, that 
£-li'jah the prophet came near, and 
8nid, O Lord, the Oi>d of A'bra-ham, 
of I'gaac, and of Is'ra-el, let it be 
known thia day thut thou art Qod 
in le'ra-el, and that I am thy serv- 
ant, and that I have done all these 

87 things at thy word. Hear me, O 
Lord, hear me, that this people may 
know that thou, Lord, art Ood, 'and 
tAat thou hast turned their lieart 

the Mcrifloe wu oSerad U at tlio ruin Kl Mohhmka, sad thnl liero la a covcml Kpriiig " under ■ 
dub, TRUltad rodf." Ths water in •ocJi a iprlng ]a atwayi cool, and tlie atiiiocpliers euniot 
<v*[iocaU 11. — Bihr. 'I'be neighboring ua wag wventi milos dliCant fhmi tho tradltlanul toena of 
thl( minde. nmn^n Myi that the foantitin near Uie spot whicli most traveler* mention was 
nearly dry when he was ^ere, and ooulJ not hold out through the dry season or one ordinary 
namniGT. More likely Ilia water was brought from the " t>rook Kishon," where EI^jsIl slew tho 
falK praphels. This flowa done along tlie base of Ceimel, and here is one of thela^(G«tp«ienntal 
•ourcaa of Utat ancient river. Wu need not suppose that iha water was brought at this particular mo- 
nMDt, and that Elijah and the people wuted by thesltar while the carricTH brought it trom the Kiahon, 
or eTcn ftnm a neighboring fountain. The necessary supply of water was probably provided in 
tb« early part of the day. — Ttrr]/, The solemnity and emphaids with which Che prophet com- 
nuudi the soaking with water stamp this act as prophetic — religiously slgnifleuiil; done for soroo 
ether Chan the merely negative purpose "of cutting away all ground of sunpicion of cheposfibillty 
eTsume cheat." — SiiL When the prophet orders Ihrice four cads of water poured upon »n altar 
orMnposed of thrice foar stones, the ligniHcance of this oonibination of numliera is unniistAkBble. 
The Dumliers three and four, ss'well singly SH in their com bi nation with each, otlior, in seven ind 
twelve, always had a retigioiu Mgniflcanoe to the Hebrew. — Laagt. Ha llllad tlia trenoh alao 
—The twelve barrehi had not filled the trench, and so mora water was added to moke it quite 
ta\\.—C<mhridsf BihU. 

The laaportaafe of bdIij la the Krvlr* of the Lorl. Even Eltjali, wKb mlracnloua Ore at tiii 
t, needed Uie help ol " Uw people." A united cburcli, a onlleil Buodar-icbool, a united 
IS wlien the disciples walled " with one accord m one plaoe " Uiat 
nu downpoured. gee lij.citni»TioNa. 

noreill. TtaesIJitlitestappsanainDt anlalmeaaardupUcllTOD KUJati't 
sl to tils cause. And this priodpla appllea to all CtiriaUan woiten el tba 

part would bave been I 

S6, S7. The time of . . . thoavanins saorlfloe — The prcparatioiii of Elijah ia building an 
sllar, digging Che Crenob. and preparing the sacrifice, neeil not have ocoupied much Lime, for voreea 
to, S3, Si, show that he had mnny people around him at command.— TVry. Ho waited till the 
UMuI honr, that his action mii[ht be in more accord with the appointed order, and so Iha people 
be put in mind ofthe wonhip whleh they had east aalde.—iDiiniiy. lOijah oama nsar— The pro- 
testing prophet oMumeil all the fuiicCiona of the priestly otfioe. And the people would Iw in 
no way surprised, for tho patnnrchsl rule, which allowed others than the triin of Levi to como 
near to the altar, had bardly become obsolete, as we can sec hy tire action of B<domen. — Cam^ 
briigt BMt. Beaides, the LeviCical pric!>t was no lunger in tlic kingdom of Inrael (S Chron. 11. 
IS: IS. V).—Laiuie. That tliou art Ood in In«*l— Tlie Boviwd Verwon, "thut thou, Lord, 



1 Kings 18. 25-39. LESSON IV. First Quartkb. 

88 Then " tlie flre of tlic Lord fell, and 
coQBumed the burnt sacrifice, and ihe 
wood, tlie stooes, and the dust, and 
licked up the water that teat in the 

89 And when all the people saw it, 
they fell on their faces; and they said. 
The Lord, be i» the Ood ; the Lord, be 
u the Qod. 

88 back again. Theo the fire of the Lord 
fell, and consumed the bumt-ofiering, 
and the wood, and the Btonea, and 
the duat, and licked up the water 

89 that was in the trench. And when 
allthe people saw it. they fell on their 
faces: and they said, The Lord, be ia 
God; the Lord, he ie God. 

art Ood," ia better. 'WhutElijuh dcHireri wutliatk should be damonBCrated ttut tonppl j the tenn 
SToUm to Bull and idolH liko him vm a fally and a delusion. The heathen used tbii lenn for their 
jdola, ind Elijah, in hia mookary, bad employed their phrase (,ver. ST) and swd of Bisl, " He is 
Etobim." IntboproHem verse, ss inverseSS below, tbe noun bus thasrticle bcforoit, which ie sliown 
by Cbe rendering of the Aulhorized Vcrxion in vene 89, " be in tht God."—Camlrridjrt Bible. 

38. The Are . , . fall— -It descended linm hesven in fiamin)i proof that ic wa.-i no result of 
fraudulent pnctioe. Chryaoetom says he was person ally cognizant of fraudulent piactieea of idola- 
ters whereby fire was kindled on the altar by meamt of a concenled cxcavallon UDdorneath ; and 
an old tradition says that theM priestB of Baal liad a man hidden und^r their altar on Carmel, but 
he was suffocated before he could kindle the fire.— Titrrji. Dr. A. Ciarkt notices the itranseDen 
of the order in «hich the varioun articles were consumed as tending to remove the possibility of 
auspicion that there woh any concealed fire : I. The piecoa of the sacnfioe *i-re first oonsnnied ; 
3. The Kocd next— it was nnt even by means of the wood that the tleeb wn« buraed ; S. The 
twelve stones ; 1. The dunt, the earth of which the altar wao constructed. Was burned up ; 5. The 
water that was in the trench waa entirely evaporated ; 6. The iiction of this " Are of Jehoinh " 
was in ever)' cnse lU/isnKard, contrary to the nature of all material fire. Nothing can be mom 
nlmple and artlesa thnn this dexcriptlon, yet how ainaiingly full and aatisfivitory is the whole 
account. Dttm Stall's csll> attention to the eiultnnt triumph in the wordii by which the sacivd 
historian describes the cumpleteneu of this contlngntioa : the fnigmentaof the oionthe aummic 
of the altar Urst disappear ; then the pile of wood, heaped n-orn the forests ot Carmel ; next the 
utoneit of the nltur crumble in the flames ; then Ihe very du<t of the earth tliat had beeik thrown 
out of the trench ; and histly, the woter in the trencii around the alttu is licked up by the fleiy 
tonguea, and leaves the wliale place bare. 

Apvoaliotiollincivrlanlii, Not now, aaot old, need we expect, nor abould we deatre, "aiiBwai 
by Sre." All Ibat could be proved by miracles was proved lonff ago. Tbe world no looRer n«di 
algnt, much is It may wont tbem. But Jeborab Is a Ood that aoawen pcBjer now ai tben, and 
any appeal Ibat yon may make will be aa eSectlTe as ibis ol ElUab'i. 
ae. Theliord, ebx— Batbor, "/OwoA, Afittitent; Jikotah,ht U ilka Ood/" That ii^ 
•■ Baal i> not tbe Ood ; Jehovah alone is Uw God of Israel."- (7farl«. 

All ■oral tbaarfas mmt praelleH ■■•■ anBUaallir fc« lealed by bnaiaii experteiiM. One may 
beconMeu that be la r^btwben beta deplorably nrong- Not sM-eoaSdenoe, but personal aipe- 
Henoe Is tbe Onal teat. Sn iLLmiATiom. 
WbafUwyMdl'MatoMidlSBreMeenvptMibrauiilTM. Jehovib waa as really lbs Ood wbea 
Ibey laid he wasn't oa now wben tb«yMknovrtedged bim. To deny tbe tralb or to Ignore 11 does 
not make It any tbe lev true. 

It ImtiaM my sddI to know 

Tbal, tbougb I falUr, Tnitb ta K> J 

TbatbowBoe'er 1 fall or nnce, 

Wbale'er I do, TniUi canoot cbaaie.— .ArtAw fiuffh Cbwpli, 


HBBbers aol ererr lUnf. Ver, 3S.— Voluire, in hie History of Charles XII., saya 
that when the Swedes Doald marshal a force boariog a pro[>ortlon to thoir foos of twenty to a 
hundred they never deapalrod of victory. 


Jax. 25, 1S91. LESSON IV. 1 KiNos 18. 25-89. 

Sir Charles Napier at the battle of HeeAnie defeated thirty-UTo thousand B«1aoche»i with un 
may of two thousand, only (bur hucdred of vhom irere Europvanii. 

Faisdaj proved that a drop of dew contains enough eluctrioit; to rends rock aHunder. 

On ■ oertaiD octwlon Geneni] Tannnv wtlh a small anny ettacked tbs endre forcue or Oer- 
Dunf . As numben yielded to valor, a voice nliouled " Victory." The jtenenil severely checked 
«icit>!meDt by orderinK " Silence 1 " and adding, " Our fbte is not in our own hands, and ne 
outaeKea ahnll be vanqnished if Ood does not *uceor u^," 

Enmestneu doe* not always prevatl. Ver. 30.— Can aineerlty save the body ) 
Suppose a man fully peivasded that a poison was wholesome food, irnd lie takes the poison. Will 
lincerity save him ! Sappai<e a man tiMy perHUaded that a certain pnlh will leniJ him home and, 
havinK taken that path, walks on Ull be comes ton izliff. If ha Hill |>re<»e< forward, wliatof ear- 
nHtnessI A shipmaster is steerint; homo vnrd. He has calcuhited hie courw. But (h>m Inuccu- 
lale inatrnraenta or s blonder in Azures the couinc is neveial paiat» uido of tlie truth. If, pteerlng 
by it, he strikea a roek, the sinocrity nf hix belief wilt not hinder shipwreck. Let a man sincerely 
beliot'e that seed planted withnut plnwing is s« good as with, that January is ns favorable forseed- 
-•owing SB April, and that cnckle-^eod will produce as |p>od ii harvest as wheat ; will it make no 
difference 1 A child miuht as well think to reveiwe a ponderous msrioe engine by cnlehing hold 
of the paddle-wheel •« for s man to thiuk of revaTslns God's moral government through a mis- 
guided sincerity. 

BnC Isltb, tanaUc taltb, oiwe wedded rasE 

To some dear fatoMiood. bugs U to tba last.— Sfoore, 

Cnbellat Is bUnd.— AfOton. 

The folly of aabellever*. Tar. 20>— A ballet ftvm an Armstrong gun traveln four 
hnndnd yards in a seoond. It would take it thirteen years to reach the aun.ind the sound of the 
eiploAioQ would reach it half a year kiter. In other worda, the voices of those men who prayed 
to the sun would hare reached their god in thirteen and a half years if there was an atmoaphero 
to convey the sound. — iVq/iaaiF iVEXtfor. How foolish, then, to depend on " much speaking ! " 
It is a sfHritual " stnioaphcre " through which prayers ascend to God. 

It tabes mom orodnlity to be an unbeliever than belief to be a Christian. What abaurditiea 
men accept in renouncing raligion 1 A young man once boasted in the presence of a Qusktr that 
lie would believe In uolhing butvhat he oouldsee. "Friend," said the Quaker, " did thee ever 
»« thy brains '. " "No." " Doea thso think thee hsa any bnunsJ" 

Will It alaad the test 1 Vers. 35-3>. A man «ma to the Dulie of WeUinpon with a 
patented artiole. "What have you toofferl" "A bullet-proof jaakot, your grace! " " Put it 
na." The inventor obeyed. The duke ranga bell and aaid.lo hia servant, " Tell the captain of 
Iha guard to order one of hia men to load with ball cartridge." The inventor disappeared and 
never returned. 

In ciDBsmg the Atlantic WeHley enooutiterHl a terrible alorm. The sea broke over the ship 
ftom stem to stem and dssbed throngh the cabin windows. The lur blaicd with lightning. The 
maimuil was torn to tatters and the companion way swept away. While athen ware screaming 
with lemir, the Moraviana oalmly continued ainging. Wsslay aakad one of tham, " Were you 
Bat afrrud ? " "I thank Qod, no 1 " " But were not your women and children afMd I " " No, 
ear women and ohndren sn> not afraid to dia 1 " That sort of raligion stood the test of danger. 
Wesley did not net till he found it. 

Falae coalldeBcet and faopei deeelre aea. Vera. 36>Z9.— In 16H Ksnry Win- 
staoley bultc a fantaalic strnctnra on the site of the present Eddystone light-house. Confident in its 
strength, be wished that hs might be in it In tba roughest hurriosne that ever blew. Ha got his wish. 
In Novanibar, ITO), he and hia workmen were in it during a terrible tempest. Next morning 
IherewssnotraoBofbimorthem.andlheonly visible vcatige of the wall w»a a twisted iron bolt. 

BcfOTe Waterloo Napoleon exclumed, " At Isat I have caught them." He was tniataken. 

" I was too oartalti," was the aad ejooulation of Csptoin WQlisnia, of the IU-&ted Allanlle, 
In which hundreda of lives were lost. 

A Fortugneae menduint, as his vessel got toward the close of a perilous voyage with vast 
wealth on board, profanely remarkft.! : " Now Ood himself cannot make me poor." Soon oAer 
tbevcwel itruok on a rock and was wreckud. Hut life waa fpured, but all hi* wa;ilth lost. 


1 KisQS 18. 25-30. ■ LESSON IV. First Quarter. 

A bridge at Bath vw in bo cnzj * condition thsc cantioiu persona dreadBtl to ora» It. One dij 
a lady buirying home forgot iU ruinous atote till dose U tho bridge. Lo«a oflima Hid btigue 
would be involved in going raond. Wliile heeilotlng, a liioky liiougbt oocurred to ber. She 
celleil for a Bedan oiiur and w«> tarried over In that oonveyanoe I Every one who beard of it 
laughed. But she irae not more sbiurd than thoeenho, fearing that tlieir moral conduct oannot 
be truMed to Kive them, oall for pnoetiy ritee and ooramoniea to cury tlieir louli safely over 
tlie BtrcaiD of death. 

They feed upon thenuelTee, and groir moat rapidly without other food. — Spurgton. 

TreiUTi lietw7i and taHoatj, tbeie three 
Beldom oi never cnrM be. 

BTSTerrin the right. Ter. 37 — Atthe time of Henry VIII.'« DegleoC of Queen Anne 
Boieyn far Jane Heymour the binhops brought their New-year's gifts to court. Borne broogbt 
gold, otlicn eoKtly valuable*. But Biebop Latimer pre8snl«il a Neir Teatamenl with a napkin 
lutvJiig thia motto on it: " WboTemongen and adnlteren God will judge." 

On the 10th of Deoomber, ISSO, Luther erected a Mineral pile at Wlttunberg. When the 
Membeis of the Uniremity and inhabilanta of the cily bad crowded around, lather oame wilh 
aerenl volumea, decretals of the Popea, writings of Ecciu* and Emser, and a copy of tba bull of 
Pope Leo X. Setting the pile on Are he committed the booke to the flatnes, eidaiming, " Be- 
eauM ye have troubled the holy of the Lord ye shall be burned with eternal fire." 

On a very cold nigbt a. gate-keeper at a railway depot demanded that aaoh paasanger ahow 
his ticket. Several bitterly complained of the delay and iuooaVBnienoe, " You are a very un- 
popular man to*nigbt," said a speolator. " I only care to be popular with one man," be replied 
" that is the auperiuleadenC" If we are in <avar with ih>d we eon aSord to face haman enmity. 

The iBpOrtMBCe of nnltf. T«r. 30.— It is Dommon in AfHoa for the lerponts to aaosnd 
the trees and take the young birds and the eggs ftvm (he nesta. Yon will see birds ooUeet to- 
gether of different hues, charaoleni, and sizoa, fVom the water-wagtul to the hawk, all assembling 
t<i scream and roar so as ti> get the aorpent to dcscond. — Miifatt. 

Un the day tiefore the battle of Tnfiilgar Nelson took Collingwood and Botherhain, who 
were at variance, to a spot where Ibey could see the fleet oppoHod to them. " Yonder," said the 
Ad/niral, " are jour enemies ; shake hands and be good friends." 

As the apokes of a wheel come nearer to each other as they approach the center, where 
prrasure will he most felt, so common emergenoy should draw good men into cloaer anion. — 1), 

A nomber of tiny broakieta would be of little use to turn a mill ; but let all the water be 
tamed into one obaunel, and eoaoontration will tdl. 

" You do no work," said the scisson to the riret. " Where would your work be," aaid tho 
rivet to the scinsors, "if 1 didn't keep yon together) " 

Prayer and grefit emewgemclon, Ter. 3S.— Tho city of Binghamton is supplied witli 
water by machinery. An engine pumpa water into the muns Ihim tho Buoquolianna night and 
day. Tho demand for water regulates the motion of the engine, so that the more water is wanted 
the (hater it goes. When a Are occurs an alarm bell Is rung, the engineer gears on extra machin- 
ery, which causes the cn^ne to move more rapidly and charges the ordinary mains to th«r fullest 
capacity, so thattlicy can sand water to tlie top of the highest building in the place. Now, if men 
CUD coDstruot an eupnc whereby, through already existing channelx, an emergency of praTcr can 
bo nwt, why eannot God do the same in this machine of the nDlveraa t — Taylor, 

At the time Che Diet of Nuremlicrg waa hold Lutlier was enmestly praying in his dwelling, 
and at the very hour when the edict granting five toleration to ProleBtants was inuod he mn out 
of the house ciylng, " We IiaTe gained the victory 1 " 

During tlio War of Independence, while the army lay at While Plains, a former residing 
near the camp heard a moiuiing noise one morning at sonrise. It proved to be the voioe of a 
human being in prayer. The fanner hid till this man of Qod «me linth fVom his Iiidlng-piaoe. 
It was Oecrge Washington. The fivmer said to his wifb : ''Hartha, we must not oppose this 



jASf. 25, 1891. LESSON IV. 1 Kisaa 28, 23-39. 

<suw luiy more. 1 havo heud WiuhingtoD pour out Buoh pnyen for it that 1 know tliey will be 

Tlie prayer may tie only a whifper, yet It cannot illaBiray ; notliiagoan prevent it reaeliliiK its 
■IcsUiurtion. It fattai beyoad auna and itars to Ood'a proeenoo-ehaniber. Amid ceasclcaa atnina 
of pniae IbM «hi*per reufaet bit ear, touches his heart, and movcH bin ami. It bring* fo^h 
Iroopx of augcls, and aets in motion traina of events. 

Man thlim are wronRtit br pnrer tbaii tlili world dirama ot.—Tennum>n. 
A Tlctoiy Tor trnlh. Vef , 38.— Truth will be oppemioat MHtie tjnie or other, like cork 
though kept dovn in water. 

A rejected mlllstona wiig thrown into a field. An oak gnv through the hole in the center till 
it filled the hole and railed tlio atone soma inches from tbo ground. Tlie problem vras whether 
the xfino would bural or tlia tree die. At length, in n iioriii, tlio alone gave way and the Ircn 
livsL 8o living tnitb will ovuiitually rid it«ilf of nil errar. 

" We tniat tlio LorJ is on our aide, Mr. Lincoln," anid the speaker of a deleffation lo the 
Preiident during the civil war. " I do nni r^jard that bo eiwaatiul aa aomctliirn else," replied Mr. 
Lincoln. They looked horroi^atnick lill ho addci), " 1 ain more conv-emud to know that we are 
on the Lord's aide." 

Truth cnjflhed lo earth aball rise again ; 

The eternal jean of God are bera ; 
Bat Error wounded writhea In laln. 
And dlfli among bis worsbipeia.— BrvonL 


1. Oonneotlng Idnka.— In advance of Iho l<?4on, requcat each pupil to read earcrully the 

account of Elii»h'ai».appeaninceaner thieayeani of atisenoe. Find the story of three inceting>i ; 

1.) Tit rmettitg <^ EU^A and Otadiai. Note the character of Obadish, a good man in a 

i.) Tktauititig of Elyah and Altab. Obivirvc that Ahab vaa inflneticed by the stronger will, 
aud was oontrolled by Jezebol and by Elijah in turn. 

S.) Tin vuMng of Ulij^ and tAtptople. The piooo; the two allnn; the two sides; on one 
*ide eight hundred, on the other aide one. 

9. Tha Fmphats of Baal.— Briefly deaoribe the Baal-worship ; its origin, inLrodoetlon to 
Israel, and chandsristioH. Ila wont trait was the daifl«ation of lust and paMton. The oiott 
ohriminable immoralities were pracdoed around its allan in the naine of religion. Compare with 
thia the aimilar facta In modem heathen cuakoma. Notice In thia accoanl : 

1.) TTu foBf qf idol-ttorMp. How absurd these cries Co a god that oould not hear tbem ! 
flee Paa. 115. 1-8, and Isa. 44. 10-SO. 

1.) Tht (•/f-terfims iff idolatry. Compare the conduct of Hindu worehipera, euspendin); 
ihenwdvea on books, casting themselves utider the oar of Jugp^maut, etc. 

S.) nk4 turfmwmt 0/ idot-ireitt. " There won neither voice nor any to anawar." 
Vcr. £9. Mow vain the depeodsnos upon any power save that of tho true God ! 

Biahop Faster relates a remarkable conreraation with the keeper of an idol-Ceniple in India. 
Heanked, "What are these images of atone I " " They are our gods," was the pneat's ausner. 
"Do yon pray to themt" " Cert^nly, they are our Rods." "Can ihesa images hear any 
tluiig, or do any tiling Ibr you ) " "0 no, of oounie tboy cnnnnt." ■' llave tlioy any lifu 1 " 
■■ (.'crtajnly not." " Why, then, do yon womhip them 1 " " Because they am our goiU." 

A word of applioation might be given in beludf of the cause ofniisriona, wbtcif seeks to give 
to the heathen the knowledm of the one true Oo>l. 

3. TluProphetaf Ood— Howatmng the contrast between Elijah and theao votaries of tho 
AIM godi> I We may well lake tbe great prophet, as prcnentcd in tliis lesson, ns onr eianipto ; 

I.) In dtdtioK. See the (Ihldih Tarr. Tliere was a war&re lietwsen Joliuveh and Baal, 
betworngood and evil, between Ood and Satan. Elijiib hud chosen bia aide, and be was willinfto 
Ivve alt Israel know where lie stood on the queeCion of the hour. 

^uch dodxion in needeit in this ago, when tho Church and tbe world walk in all loo cloiw 
relalip-nshi ■. 



1 Kings 18. 26-39. LESSON IV. First Quartke. 

2.) 7a ec^rag*. How hord it ta to Mand nione I Elijah wta sundiaji alone, and bo fell it 
keenly. Vcr, £2. Vet in preauoce of the iJolaLera, of the king, and o( iho peoplo, he did not 
fhltcr. Ite made hie bold propocal (vera. 2S, U), and uttered hia stinging aanaain (ver. S7). 

There ia a picture entitled, ''Cbriot, or Diannl" which repmenta a yoniiKgirl atandiu; by a 
heathen altar. A prleat ia holding out ot her a aisn>>cr, and n row of idol waiahipem aro watclntig 
to RM n hetlier or not ahe receivna it. 8Iie is making lier ahoioe Intwocn throwing a handful of 
Idccdu on the altar, and iioing to prison and to death. Hor lane ahowa a aalm dctunninaliou. 
Thera la no doubt vthat hor declaloti vlll be. 

t.) Ia faith. The inspiradon of Elijah's oondu^ waa his faith in Ood. Notice hU ahrolute oon- 
fldeuce in the result as ho builds tbu altar and digs the trench and plica up the wood and Wyn 
upon It the offering and poura Otfer all tlia waWr. Ha knows fnll well that God will respond to 
his faith and give it an abundant nconipcnee of reward. 

We may not bo called to auch high doeda as this, bulJn Our daily life we Oan ahow Che 8iin» 
omplele trual in God bya faithful oboilicnee to his will. 

4.) /n prayer. Notice the piajer of ELijsh before his altar. It la reverent, direct, brief, and 
ardent — n model of prai er for ua all ; and when we reflect that it nas offpri'd bcfurfl an altar oa 
whioh lay the slain offering, we seo Chat it was offered " in (.'hriat'a namv." 

Let us pray in such a spirit, snd ours shall bo an answer as glorious. 

4- Th« raanlt — Deafribe tbo soona of the Are dsacending fh-ni the Lord, or, what is better, 
oall it forth from the class. 

Notioe the surrender of the people, as they accept Jebo^'ah as their God. Urge suob a siib- 
tniuion and aurrender upon all who yet renunn halting between two oplniana. 


1. TO BF&GEAli BUBJIiOTS— " Elijah's Baerlflce on Ht. Cnrmol,", Svtai and 
IWatint, MS, S4T, 498. ■' Mcctlotf the PrieiitK," Stanliy, Jeuilih C'AiipcA, ii, 882. "SecriBce of 
Elijali," ti£iUB, Bourt u«A tin Bibit, iv, 6B. " Baul and his Woiaiiip," Oaiau, Hoart mth 
tluJlibl4,\v,VJ, SB. TO. "Ahaband Elij.ih;" <in%iM.,niHinmththt BUiU,\v,i4rAt. "Elijah's 
SocrifloB and the Priests ufBaiil," luaiitoK, Tht Land and the Hoot, \.\,iSil. "Elaughter of 
Baal's Prophets," Ttca, Handbook qf BHitt Di^mttia, 90. " The Fire of Jehovah ; " Da. 
MxoiMmAiJ), BrsHom, /^ip(( Contmtnliny. " The Failure," " The Prepamtion," "The Triumph," 
Db. Uacdoxald, Spmroi, Flilpit Commeniar]/. " Baal," by B. B. Poole, and " Fire," by Da. 
Pini.LOTT, In SmitVi JHetionary. '■ Allan," in AnttA'a Dictionary, by Da. Pirowhe. "The 
Drought," JonpHua, Att^vitUt, viii, 13, 14. " Scene of the Bacriace; " Pobtu, Giant ViH— 
o/ Baiiait, 141, S4I. TRiaTRAM, Land of hrad, 118, IIB. " The Wild Dancing of the Older 
Forms of Woraliip;" WiLiimoir, ^noirnt E^ypHmt, U, MO; Bmiaii TSiaji WH OaurcUy 
A'aoam, lOi, «48. 

2. TO SUBMONS AJSD ADDBSBSBB— TVIoI and Trimnphqf Failh. GurHua. .^Mr.- 
ing iotlu Hiart; Hoa Ung HaU Ftf Hoonr. haHipgfMi«ten6odatidlhM WarU.'R. E. UaH- 
MIHQ. SHJiMt Appial to th4 Vndicidtd. BpuaaaoH, S-IVB. SlyaA'i Sacrifia^ John FonsR, i, 101. 
AhiA and Elifak, Haolabiv, i, 23S. What AUan Haw We t John Hall. Bliiaky Bibcbkb, 
Jlymoalk Pulpit, 10, ITT. A. P. STairLEr, Addrmta and Sermons in America, 173. 



1 Kmos 19. 1-18. 

LESSON v.— February 1. 

ELIJAH AT HOBEB. — 1 Kinqb 19. 1-16. 
OOliDBH TEXT.— F«ar not, for I am with tbea, and will blaas thee.— Gen. as. M. 


— Immeduitely followiag IIm la«t Icuon ; sbout DOS B. C. 

— 1. Abab. &•» note on pBHSuNa, Legaon III., Fint Quar- 
ter. 9. Jeoebel. See oonimente on Lcmone 111. nnd IV., Fine Quarter. 
S. EUJeh. See Leesona III. uid IV., First Quarter. 4. Ekuel. An otHeoi 
or Benhadad, king of Syria, whom he afterward alew and aucccadod oo the 
throne. G. Jabu. An oUoer nnder Ahab, Ahaiiah and Jeborain, who after- 
wan) beeama king oT larael, BesLcaiion II., fieoond Quarler. 4. EUiba- 
n of Ab«l-mBholah who aDDoeeded El^uh in tfao proplietia oIBcd, aud equaled bin 
freat master in fame. See the last five leesoni arthis Quurter. 

PU.OB18.— 1. Beanhetaa. A city on the aouth frontier of Palutine. From it Che desert 
swept to ArnlMa and Esypl. S. Borsb. Sinol, where the iav vaa Riven to Moeca. 8. The 
vUdenuaa of Damaamu. 4. Syria. S. Abel-meholah. A place in ur near the valley of 
Ihe JonJui ; perhaps the spot now occupied by the ruins of XAurM, oA-Shiit. — WMttug, 

OOSS SLfVOSa UHEB.— The laat lesson ended with the triumphant vindication of Elijah 
and Elijah's God by the descent of the fire of the Lord on Carmol. It eonauQied the viodm, 
lieksd Dp the water, and devoured the wood, stonea, and dosL Tlie people at onco recognized 
and wonhiped the true Qod. Elijah acted not only as blgh-ptieat, but an vizier, and, doubtless 
by divine <tir«ction,ordered the Bieeution of the official tepreaenucivea of Baal's corrupt worship. 
Tumtog to the king, who seems to have been overpowered by what he lisd witnessed, he told 
him to retnm to hi* palace and Aast, for the drought and famine were over. He then went lo the 
top (A Carmel end flung himself before Qod in prayer. " His thoughts were more high liian bin 
bndy was low." He prayed, sending hia servant seven suooesaive tlmea lo look toward the sea. 
At length a little cloud, " like a man's hand," aroee In the distant west. The prophet sped down 
the ntountun-elde, and, starting before the king'a chariot, ran to the entranoe of the royal city. 
Hi* predae purpose in this sotion is not very plain. Ue waa doubdeaa for the moment the idol 
of the people, and sotim public set cf loyalty may have been neceanaty to prevent turbulence. 

I^BSSOIT BTATXHJILH T. — The weak-minded king told the strong-minded queen what 
Elijah bad done. " Jt i« well that Jeiebel ooaid not keep her own counsel. Her throat prceerveil 
At man she meant to kill." El^ah fled to the wIldemeH and prayed God that he might die. 
An angel strengthened him by mlracolous food, and Ood in the most wonderful way revealed 
bhmelf to him, gave him instructions fbr the close of bis life, and eneouraged him by the marvel- ■ 
It that seven thousand uncorrapted men still wonhiped Jehovah. 

1 And A'hab told Jes'e-bel all that 
E-U'jah had done, and withal how he had 
■lain ' all the prophets with the sword. 

S Then JeE'e-bel k 

1 And A'hab told Jez'e-bel all that 
B-ti'jah bad done, and withal how 

lie had il^n all the prophets with 

2 the sword. Then Jec'e-oel sent a 

L THE FZJOHT. Vmnm 1-8. 

1, *. I. Ahab told Jeaebel— He (old his wife in general "all that" Elijah had done, and 
tftamUj "all, how he had slain," eic^Immbg. Jeaabel aant^Tha sense of the meesage 
is evidently tbis: "If thou ait still here to-morrow at this time the saoM thing shall be done to 
tbe«M thou hast done tomy priest*."— iUAr. Her ol^jeot was to terril^ and drive him away ; she 


1 Kings 19. 1-18. 


E-U'jab, Baying,* So let the goda do to me, 
&aA more bIbo, i( I make not tlij life as 
the life of one of them by ' to-morrow 
about this time. 

8 And when ho saw that, he arose, and 
went for his life, and came to Be'er- 
she'ba, wliich belongeth to Ju'dah, and 
left liiB Berraat there. 

mesBenger unto E-li'jah, Baying, So let 
the go& do to ine, and more Also, if 
I make not thy life as the life of one 
of them by to-morrow about this 
3 time. ' And when he Baw that, he 
arose, and went for his life, and came 
to Be'er-she'ba, which belongeth to 
Ju'dah, and left his servant there. 

I HhoDid be like Ui 

t. ■»«>«<•- 

feared to cape <f itii him othenriae leat bor own liits Hhonld be like that of her own false propbetB. 
— Ttrry. So let the Kodi do— One of Ihoee tremcndoui vows which mark thehistor}' of the 
Semitic rsce, Ixitli witliin and vritbout tim Jawish pale, like the vow of Jepbtbah, ot Saul, of 
llsnuibkl. — Staitity. She nwenis, by tliose goAs of hers which wen not able to save thdr 
prophets, Ihit ahe vtil! kill the prophet of God who had aoonied her goda and alun her prophcd. 
— Biihop Hall. Weat for hla lUe—Since he did not as on a former oooo^on (chap. IS. 1) 
rei^ive a divine oimmaQd to hazard his lifo bj remaining, lie left the kingdom. — Langt. Oaine 
to Baer-aheba, which belonKetb to Jndah — Becr-ehcbe was in the tribe of Sloieon (see 
Jonh. \1. 2), thougb in 16, 28 it Is included among the utMnnost cltiee of Judah. "Wbioh be- 
longeth to Jiidali," eignifies, " is pert of the kingdom of Judah." Elijah had thus escaped frooi 

CanUtridgi Bibli. Tbia being at the souUismmost extremitf or Canaan, and nnder thejuriodictJan 
of the king of Judah, be might suppose )iim*clf in a place ofiiafet;. — Clarit, Iioft his aarntnt 
there— The servant (acoorrfing lo Jewish tradition the son of Ibo widow of Zarephalh) most 
have stlanded blm from Carmal to Joiroel, and to tho south of Judah. The prophet now desires 
solitude, and so dianiissea him, Id spirilual eominunion wiili God no iy>mpanion is desired. 
Even Jesus himself said to his disdples, "Sit yo here, while I go snd pray yonder," Matt. 
S6. U.—Lumb!/. 

telr ■nlou, Kkelher yooa or bad. Ver. S. Jeiebel'i 

TenpnaDcs csma apparenUr as s surprise to Elljab : but he mlgtit have eipeclsd it. Wbettier be bad 
dedded for Jebovab, or for Basil or bad "trimmed*' and evaded decision, the consequences would 
bare been Inevitable, Andio it Ii to-<laj. The joutbs In our clsM c a are deciding for God, or against 
him, or are postponioK Uielr decision. la an; case tbeT are aowtng, and tber will certainly nap 
tbe barvesi tbat tber sow. 

eqiBClallf foretold Ibis, and It would be bard to lell wlietber ttie truU 

illostrmtton In tbe Bible blsiorT Ibat preceded It or In our own everr-dar Uvea, Bat tbere Is a 

special bleasluR prooouDcsd upon tboae who aie persecuted for rigbleousneai' atte. 

Faasloa rreiucnlly Ulndi «■ la Ihelr own lalarsua. Ver. S. See iLUWTBATIom. It Ahab 
and Jezebel bad only known It. BUJab was tbelr best friend. In place <rf drlTlng blm awaj 
ibey (bnuld have sought a league irltb him at once. Ererr law tbat Ood baa laU down la reallj 
for tbe best secular as wall as eternal Interest of man. But our paadoui often prereot us seeing 

Reramcn BiBM iipMf to anlar. Ver. S. Bee ILLCSTBinOHa Tbe world nerer letsanUuiflTe 
It a boon wllhnut Heat girlng him a buffet. All tboae roar pbllosopbers wbo go dandni akmg tbe 
wan ot life, eipectlDR to refonn men tbrougb sue and pleasure, and are stupTlied when snow- 
balls are ttirown at tbem, tben lelctss. then avalaiiobes, would better fold tbelr gaoxj wings at 
ooix.—Betclier. Tbls is as tme ot iDoonspleuoas lives and amid narrow IlmltaCloni as In tbe 
public plaoei of tbe eartb. 

Fritdnfc I* smDctlmn boiler than valor. Ter, 8, See ILLUSrasnon. Bee Christ's direction to 
his disciples. Caution— what li genenllr called wra-ldly wisdom—would save DwnT a social 
mlsundentandtng and manys cbun:)i quairel. Let usseek detailed guManoe trom ProvldeDoe, 
and we will move neither too fait nor loo slow. 

mam of gnux. Probably no haman counsel could bave tangbt ni]ab 01 
re as be learned on bis silent day's Journey aoutbof Bea'-sbeba. WbeneaKlily 
trlends fall us we bave tbe eternal meikd left. But «a ibould not wait tor dlMMr before we eoo- 
niltblm. He It a " very praent help in time of need." 

aoHtn4e U oflea ■ 


Fbb. 1, 1891. 

1 KiMG3 19. 1-18. 

4. But he himself went a day's jcuraej 
into the -wildemess, snd came and u>t 
down under a juuiper-tree : and he 're- 
quested 'for himself tbnt he might die; 
and aaid, It is enough; now, O Lord, 
take away m; life ; for I am not better 
than my fathers. 

fi And as he l&y and slept under a 
juniper-tree, behold, then * an angel 
tOQcned him, and sud unto him, Arise 
itnd eat. 

6 And he looked, and, behold, th«re 
tool a cake bakeu on the coals, and 

4 But he himself went a day's journey 
into the wilderness, and came and sat 
down under a 'juniper- tree: and he 
requested for himseli that he might 
die; and said, It is enough; now, O 
Lord, take away mylife; for I am 

not better than my fathers. And he 
lay down and slept under a juniper- 
tree; and, behold, an angel toucned 
him, and aaid unto him. Arise and 

6 eat. And he looked, and, behold, 
there was at hia head a cake bsken 

— The doert of Pann, through whicb the Israelites had or old wuidered 
from Egyvt tovsrd tbe PromiMd Land. — Lumty. It is a wide expanse of und-hillii, covered 
with broom shniba, wboee tall and apreading bntnche*, with their white lenTW, afford a 
■waj cheeilDg and ivfrcahing shade. A juniper b«a — Ths Hebrew says lltererally on4 
juniper tree, or rather, broom shrub, and thua depiota the desolation of the oountry. It was 
■tont enough to be used for Aiel (Pna. ISO. 4), and in time of ftnUne its roots oould be eaten. 
Job K. t, 4. The last quoted passage marka it aa a tree growing in the wUdemeas. — Caii^ridg4 
Bate. It is the most longed-for and moat welcome biiah of the dcaeit, abundant in beds of 
streams and Tsileys where spota fbr osmpiag are selected and men alt down and sleep, in order 
to be protected against wind and sun, — BobiittoH. Bstiascted . . . that he night die — He 
had probably thought that the miracle en Carmel would have been tbe means of affecting the 
tODvenion ot the whole cooit and of tbe mautrf.^Clart; But now he seas that the inSueoce of 
Joebel ia aa strong u ever, and the leauit ia deep deapondeaey and a lonpnp lo be lemoved from 
the atruggla. — Lmiibji. NeTertfaaleas the moral leatona of the Hoane at Cennel have never been 
tost Though Auling to reform the king and the nation, they apeak to every after age, and fbnn 
a part of that divine reTolalion whioh dalma the admiration and ravareiioe of all that daire to 
know and worship the true God. — Ttrry. Itlaencmi^ — "I have now lived loag enooKh." Take 
away my 11A> — Btraikge aontradiotion. Here tlie man wbo waa dntined not lo taete of death 
ten from death, on the one hand, and seeks it on the other, — Silto. I am not batter ttum mr 
fathers — Elijah liad probably reaohed a ripe »ge, and, thinking hia labon all fruideas, be prays 
for removal. While there was work to be done and hope of aucoeu he waa a willing servant ; 
but In the dark moment of seeming fhilure his natural feeling of having wrought no reform 

wrings from him ths cry in the text Zwnl^. To what d^tnie his d^eetion was blameworthy 

it would be prasnroptuous to decide. 

. Ter. 4. Jeaoa contradicted tbe cdd noUim that mislortuiie 
'a mladeeda. Ood'a dealings with ua bera an educational. lor our 
Urea are pntatkioaiT, and It la nerer to be aanmed that a man Is right beeauae be li auocessful, 
er wmw becaosB be la unfottunala. See iLLDirauioin. 

riae iMm ^jiteal caasea. Ter. 4. See lixmraATioNB. It often does, 
v tbaa to test ose't QuMtu Uie by eoe'* teeUnts- 
I dare not tmt tbe awMteat trama. 
Bat wboIlT lean en Jesos' aio6.—MaU. 
■••■ Iswnw*. " Go loitb, and Kandnpoa (he mount before tbe Lmdl" 
71ilieBtllalaaiedloaIltbosawbo,UkBEllJah,kidgetniaTessiiddens. The cavea, bowerer. are of 
vsrloas kiDda. Oor heart la a obts, a dark iomh ... Tbe soul attacked and tormented b; douMa 
li In a cave. . . . Bodily dlalnai and external affliction may be called a cave~£ruiiun(ic/ier. 
6,fl, 7, 8. An aac*!— Probably in the form of a young man elotbed in white. This was the 
MOal appearance of messengan (nxn the heavenly world. A sake baken on the ooala — Baked 
after a manner atill conunon tn tbe Eaat, on smooth stones healed by ouals of fire, Whethar theae 
ptoTidons ware prepared immediately bj the angel, or by some traveler whom Ood ted that way, 


1 KiKGB i». 1-18. l: 

erase of water at his ''head. And he did 
eat and driak, and laid him down again. 

7 And tbe ungel of the LOBD came 
again the second time, and touched him. 
and said, Arise and eat; because the 
journey U too great for tliee. 

8 And be arose, and did eat and drink, 
and went in the strength of that meiit 
* forty daya and forty nights uuto ' Ho'reb 
the mount of Qod. 

IN V. First Quasteb. 

on the 'coals, and a cruse of wat«r. 
And he did eat and drink, and laid 

7 him down again. And the angel of 
the Lord came again tho second time, 
and touched him, and said, Arise and 
eat; because thejonmeyis too ereat 

8 for thee. And he arose, and did eat 
and drink, and went in the streugtb 
of that meat forty days and forty 
nights unto Ho'reb the mount of Qod. 

we need not discuw, for cidier wm pouiilile. He who ooiDOiaDdHi tlie rnveon to feod tliU prophet 
Dt the hnwk Cherith might easily have put it into the heart of eoine pauing Arab to Imvo llie 
cake and the cruae of water at hL< head aa he slept under the roCian shrub.— Tarr^. ~ 
See Note on Vene IS, Lenon III. The loumar U too tiaat fi 
yet been made of tho dletanoo or plaoe U> which Elijah meant to go. Hi 
preparation for a journey, but to have atiutod without any More of food, 
directed to Horob. No plaoe «m ao auiUble lor a divine conununication aa that wliich was hal- 
lowed by God's uppoarance unlo tSaBea.—Cambnd9t Biblt. In the atrangth of that meat— 
As HoHca had been forty daya on Binu and had taken no food with him, bo now Elijah, who waa 
to be in many waya a counterpart of Unaea, is rjivinely auatained by tho food which had been 
supplied to Mm while he rested. The bating of Jesuaatthetime ofhlateniptntion lights np these 
Old Testament hlatoriea, which were meant to yireach to foriiicr tgat the lesson which the Lord 
emphaaizea, "Man ahall not live by bread alone."— ZttroAy. Vortr dkys ajid fortT nlshte— 
A great deal haa been written to ahow that the journey from the edge of the wildoniau of Pann 
to Mt. Horeh could not hare occupiod forty days, even of vary slow waiting. [Beer-Bbeba is 
not more than forty geographical miles from Horeb ; and to Kadmh-banieo, whioh is situated 
aomowhat to tho nouth, was counted eleven dnya' journey. Dent. 1. 8.] But there ianothinjt in 
Che vene to make it neccsearj to suppose that tho writer intended such a sense. Elijah was wan- 
dering in despondency and aeeking to htds bim«elf The time spent was not what was required, 
for the journey only, but far more in medltaUon and prayer, and seeking from Qod a resaon why 
all the toiling and testimony, which the prophet had beatowed, had proved ao unproductive. 
The apiritual conflict of Elyeh prefl^res the epiritual oonllict of Jesua. Unto Horab tlie 
mount of Qod — So called because, above all otlior places, it was distingulsliod by ^od'a mani- 
fostations of his power and g\orj. ^CatiAridgt SibU. 

Angels oT Oat are nnllniMlly lenl wllh maHiBC* of (oed cheer ftir the nee4f. Ter. S. 
Nor need we doubt this because we never see their celestial beaut;, nor bear Ibe rustle ol Ibelr 
wluKs. Every event tn life, hanta or tender, la a lortb-putllut: of tbe tlrslees provlilence of God. 
The man of taltb cannot tor one nioment entertain the thought ot any poanlble m'scbance, aod- 
dent. or lortuoe. All forces— splrtius I. mental, and pbyslcsl— are mlnlslerlD^ spirits tenilonlllo 
minister to the heh^ of lalvatiDn. Bee IllCstiutions. 
Tbere M tbe way apiKiar 

Steps unto beaven ; 
All tliM thou seiMleBt ma 
In mercy Kiven- 
Angels 10 beckon me 

Common aeafe Is Ihe bandmatd of religion 

has neier done a tithe of the good that plain and homely c 
duty now waa to aJeep atid eat. Hatiy an eathuslastlc worl 
jean had he bad ai much oommon aease as piety. Tin 
the hygienic laws, if tie break Uietn ne forfeits tbe good 
Tlie angel's sdvlce loEltlataon this occasion and Paul's s 
their dilpwreck, to care for their pbyaical slrengUi. were 
C^riftlam should bilngto bear in their own daily Uvea. 

immon sense has done. Elijah's flr^ 
er would hare prolonged hfs life many 
ugh one keep all the laws of God but 
'esults that lie had atherwise eamsd. 
trice to hla companions on the ere of 
In liannouj WIUi great prlnclplea tltat 




fi And be came thither ' unto a cave, 
and lodged there ; and, behold, the 
word of the Lord tame to him, and he 
»id unto him, What doest thon here, 
E-ti'Jali t 

10 And he aoid, * I hare been very 
'* jealoQB for the Lord Qod ofhoBts: for 
the children of Is'nt-el have forsaken th; 
covenant, thrown down thioe altars, 
" and altun tb; prophets with the iwnrd ; 
and "I, men I ooly, am left; and they 
seek my life, to take it away. 

>N V. 1 Kings 19. 1-18. 

g And he came thither onto a cave, and 
lodged there; and, behold, Uie word 
of the Lord came to him, and he eaid 
unto him, What doest thou here, 

10 E-li'jah? And he aaid, I have beeu 
very jealovis for the Lord, the God 
of hosts i for the childreo of Is'ra-el 
have forsaken thy covenant, thrown 
down tbine altars, and slain thy proph- 
ets with the sword: and I, even I 
only, am left; and they seek my life. 

n. THE VISION.— VwMS 0-1^ 

e, 10. TTnto a oave— Hebrew, mio Oe east. It is likelf that by Elijah's tima tradition 

liad Snxl on * doauile place >b tliat ' ' daft of the rock " in whiah Hoies atood (Extxl. 88. 23) 
when Jehovah poAaod by. Sueh a plaee would be deemed HaoTwl. Some have auggontod that the 
cave had alrmdy become a resort of pilgHma to Horeb, but for tbia there appeara no evideaco. — 
Lumbg. Then la nothing to oonBrm, but tbere ia nothing to oontradict, the belief of the Arsba 
that it may bavo been in that neolnded basin which has long been painted out bi the apot, beneath 
the Bununit of what ia called the mount of Moaoa, The gnnite rooka iiioloae It on every aide, as 
thDOKh it was a nBtaral sanctuary. No scene oauld have been mora auitsble for the vision whicli 
tollotn.—StanCei/. 'VhM doeat thou bare F— A question of lender klndneaa, to relieve the full 
burdened heart of the prophet. So the Saviour, after bis reauTrection, asked Mary, as she atood\ 
at the gT»vo and wepl ; Woman, why weopeet thou ) whom seekeat Ibou t — Mmitm. The ques- 
tion here must have a different force from that which it twan after the maoifestalion of Qod's 
prfiuDca in venie ]g. Here it signifles " Why art thou oast down 1" " Hoa thy knowledge of 
Jehovah gone no farther than to see him only in works'of vengesnoet "— dwWrirf^ JWfti*. Ifn 
censure were to be inflioted on Elijah, it would not have been delayed until now, hot would hnvo 
been given when he liad fled a dsy'a journey into the wildemens (ver. 4) and longed to die ; but 
iiistood of this he was tenderly cnoouraged by an sn£cl and wonderfully atrengthaned, in older to 
!« able to continue tlie journey still farther. — Lan^e. Z have b«ea vary jealoiu_Or, Uryal. 
There b no boaatfulnoss in thsso words. Elijah only opens his grief, and sets forth that ha haa 
done his utmost, but thst, in apiu of all, both king and people are unrepentant. — ZwnAy. Ue 
ui'dUoiu bia own person and liis own need only in so far an tbsy stood in necessary and most 
intimate connection wiih the catise of Ood and the truth, and so his complaint was a holy one. — 
Mtnktn. The ohildien of Israel — Public opinion was led by a foreign-bom queen ; but, lightly, 
£li)sh charges the nation with these crimes. Vormkau tby oovmant — The portion of Che oov- 
euant here referred to is Exod. SO. 8, " Thou alialt have none other gods bnt me." Fonaking 
the ooveuantisthe same as forsaking God. Thrown down thine altan— AooepUble sacriAcca 
bad been offered to Ood in more places than one. la IS. 30, the altai' of Canricl is sailed '■ tbe 
altar of the Lord tlutt wus broken down." And there were probably many similar ones. I only, 
am left — Elijah speaks according Co his own knowledge. "So one had stood witli him on Carmel. 
Hi* wordu on that occasion (IB. S3} are tbe same as here. — Vambridgi Bihlt. We are inclined to 
the favorable view of Elijah's conduct held by the commentatora already quoted, buC Dr. Tirry 
takes another view. Ue says : This anawer of Elyoh betrays in him what some have called a 
"s[drit of fiiulcfinding," and also a dispoution to exalt binuelf above measure. He does not 
accuse Jehovah, but his words imply that he himself was lbs only saint in Israel, and it was too 
bad that divine power had allowed idolatry so fiir to triumph. Elijah's noClona of Uie divine 
government were mauifeatly shaped tno mncb by external displays of awful power, and ho neaded 
lo learn a profounder leason of the divine natnre. This we moiit oheerva inoiderlo 
(ha signilcaneo of the symbollo events that follow. 


1 Kings 19. 1-18. 

First Ql'artbii. 

11 And he said, Qo forth, and stand 
"upon the mountbefure theliOBD. And, 
iMbold, the Lord passed bj, and "a 
great and strong wind rent the mount- 
ains, and brake in pieces tlio rocks be- 
fore the Lobd; but the Lord teat not in 
the wind: and after the wind an eartli- 
ijuake; but the Lord uhm not in the 

12 And after the earthquake a fire ; 
but the Lord toot not in the fire; and 
after the fire a " stiU smaU voice. 

IS And it was bo, when £-li'jah heard 
it, that " he wrapped his face in hb 
mantle, and went out, and stood in tlie 
enteriog in of the cave. And, t>eho1d, 
thsrt came a voice unto him, and said, 
What doBst thou here, E-li'jah ) 

11 to take ft away. 

forth, and stand upon the mount be- 
fore the Lord. And, behold, the 
Lord passed bj, and a great and 
strong wind rent the mountains, and 
brake in pieces the rocks before the 
Lord; but the Lord was not in the 
wind: and after the wind an earth- 
quake; but the Lord was not in the 

13 earthquake: and after the earthquake 
a fire ; but the Lord was not in llie 
fire: and after the fire 'a still small 

13 voice. And it was so, when E-li'jah 
heard it, that he wrapped his face in 
his mantle, and went out, and stood 
in the entering in of the cave. And, 
behold, there came a voice unto him, 
and said, What doest thoa here, 

lidiler ol lire earasMly dMra to reach the u 
near It, but be otlea wlsbed to be ueu-er (b 
btutles sod poaslbUlUea at failure Incraue, 

men leaiKlltia witta llnir teM oa a ktw roand of the 
ip; bul pmbablTiKimaneTeriloodoa theti>prouDd,OT 
I etrouod. Tbe blgber one goea the more bis rsaponal- 
aad tbe mora dliastroiu [allara becomes. Bee ILLCS- 

irhlli. Ver. S. Elijah needed * 

EqiiollT 87iiipaUietlc ai 


VKpDBilblllty at hte Mlowen 

Ver. 9. To our own lla>l«r each or ua stands or (alia. Appl]' to patlllis, lo 

prejudlcva and cUKtoma. to tbe oTerr-daj Ilfa of our acholai?. 

11, 13,19, 14. Qo forth— Elijah doe* not {^ fbrth (toe vcr. IS) until he reoogniiea tha 
preseooe of tha Lord in the still small volco. TJie violeaco of the wind and the earthquaka 
and the devouring flre, he was made to fool, were not tlioue tukena by wliich JchoTah would be 
known to his people, and consequently he abode still in the cove while they were laging. The 
Lord had not yet appeared. — Cambridgt Biil: The meBiiiusr of thin revelation ia that Jehovah, 
in his own innermoeC being, is not a destroying, nnniliUnting Gnd. but ralbar a quiokaning, sav- 
ing, preHerving, graoious, and bithful God. — Langt. Azid, behold, the Lord paased b)r — Tha 
particular Ibrm of the verb (literally, u paainp by) seems to require a modifleation of the transla- 
tion. What Is meant ia, " The Lord i« about to pass by, sndyoushsl] besbleto recognize something 
of hii true character, and to gain the instnictioo which you need." Tlie words rcaily belong to 
the preceding cUuse, and must be connected with tlie command to go forth, which the prophet 
obeyed when fae found in which manifestation it pleasoil the Lord to ha present. The Dairstive 
of what oocurrod begins with the words, " And a great and strong wind," elc—Liiniig. As tha 
wind, the aarthquaks, and the fire were only the foremnnen of tha atUl anuU voloa, which 
proolaimed Che benignity of Che Father of spirila ; so tlie !nw end ila lerrora were only intended 
to introduce the mild spirit of the Gospel of Jcaua, proclaiming glory to God in the highest, and 
on earth peace, and gvod-will unto men.~Olarlt. A sldll amall TOioe— The Chaldee has "a 
voice of angela ringing in silence." Litorally, as in the margin of the Uovised Vsnion, a nmnd 
^ge»&t ttiliiutt. There la nothing to indicate to us whether the sound was srUcnlato or not, 
nor is It aald that the Lord was now present, hut the action of the prophet sliows tliat ho knowtlio 
time waa come to present himself before Jehovah. For a similar recognition of God's proaenco 
compare Job i. 16, "There was silenoe, and I heard a voloe." — Zuntiy. 'What doest thou 
hsref — This repeated questiOD seeks to know whether the prophet bos understood the 


Fkb. 1, 1891. 

1 Kings 16. 1-lB. 

14 Aad he said, I have been very jeal- 
ous for the Lord Ood of hoets; because 
the children of la'n-elhKTe forsakeii thy 
coreouit, thrown down thine altara, and 
alkin thj prophets with the sword: and 
I, men I only, sm left ; and the; seek my 
life, to take it away. 

10 And the Lord said onto him, Go, 
return on thy way to the wildemsBS of 
Da-maa'ctu: "and when thou coineat, 
anoint Raz'a-el to it king over Sy'ri'a: 

14 E-li'jsht And he said, I have been 
Teiy jealous for the Lobd, the Ood of 
hosts i for thechildrco of Is'ra-elhave 
forsaken thy covenant, thrown down 
thine altars, and Bisin thy prophets 
with the sword; and I, even I only, 
am left; and thej seek my life, to 

15 tske it swftj. And the LoitD said 
unto him, Qo, return on thy way *to 
the wilderness of Da'mas'cue: and 
when thon contest, thou shalt anoint 

lo him, nnd wbetlisr ha ia sbla to apply them Ui hU own oir- 
mlng in the sama vords «s befora, tetana to daolare that Illjah a alill 
ipioranl. God, tlierefora, fpv«s bim diract ohsrgee whioh ihall mskalt alaarthat, though lib own 
SDCsns has not baen sppsrent, Hod'a work is atlll going forward, uid that new ai^nts are alrssdy 
prapsied, in Jaliovsh's design, for MlvanciDg it aa lie seea beat — Canibridgt Sibil. 

BsBaBllT !■ tbe praaanee of Sod. Tar. 18. It la no marrel U Elljsh wrapped hli face In bla 
■DSntle. Had Ibera sot been much oonnge Id ttaa propbet'i IsICh b« bad tut stared out these 
sAlrttlol fomnmnen ot the dlTlrn praaratoa, tbouitti with bla Caoe corerad. Tbe very antcelii da 
DO lass, betm« that a]l-slaTtoaB majeatr, tban Tetl IhemselTfls with Uielr wlnfls. Fsr te It Irom na 
noes to think of Itiat iDllnlla sad omnliMent Dellr. wllboat s humble swfulaeia.'-BtAop Hon. 
XalM te aatnnaiih; nor qatatBeaa weaklier. Ven II, It. See ILtDBTHATiONB. One of tbe moat 
eloquent o[ tbe prophets uttered that beau tUul and protouod asTing, "There waa tbe hiding ot His 
power." It [s the hidden loroea ol lite that are br far the moat powerful. No eanbquake tbat ever 
toaed whole ooDtlDeuts Into chaos, no hurrlcaiieorcrcloDelhat cuts swathe otdevsatstloD throuj^ 
rich ptJiulatlona, bssihown s tithe ot the atreogth erlnoed esch recurrlDcyeHrbjrthealleDt tones 
ff S|irliis. "nn storms beU on the lortSGe ot the earth, and we exclaim. " How atroDglr the wind 
IdbWB I " and we Invent msehlnes to messuni lis npldltj. But no man ever Invented a maehlne to 
missBW lbs strength ot tbe Duadvertlaed tonwa tbsc causa (bs inota to swell, and Dtl their daUeste 
liters wtUi ssp,Bnd nouilsh the tgnea ot vegetatlou under ground, during lbs winter moDtba. Beo 

m. THE COMBIAHI}. Verses lS-18. 
18, 16, 17. Go, Tetnm on thj- way to tba wUdsmeas at Damaaoos — It seema 
flom whst foliona tbst the margin of ths Kaviaed Tenion givea the tnier aeoaa, " bf the wil- 
dameM of Darasaaua." Elijah waa to go bealt through the wildemcaa, the wny by which he 
liad <!Oine to Horeb, and ws aae tliat ha came flrat to Abel-maholah, which wsa on the weat of the 
Jordan, not &r tyom Beth^besn. Thus he was aent by Uod'a encouragumeDt, and with his 
protection, bsok through tha land of luael from which be liad fled.— Zuniiy. Anoint Hsssal 
to be Uns war STrla — 8o tWr aa (ha Soriptnn reoord goes we liave no notice tliat Elijah 
pofbrmed this oommand literally, Hszael bdnff subaeqnenlij informed by £U*hs (S Kings 
S. 11) thst tbe Lord had made known lliat he slioald lieixime king of Byris, though even tlnn 
b* WIS not sDoinced. Wa muat interpret tha meaning of tha command in acoordsnoe with the 
tHophat'a sction, judging thst be understood wlut wss intended by the words. The word 
"amniit" is used oonoeniitig Jehu snd Elislia, ss well as Hassel; snd we know thst Elijsh did 
not anoint Eliahs, tliougb he oonld easily have done so, but only mads known, by the sot at 
casting his propbetio mantis upon him, thst he was called lo tbst oQlce. In tlw Mme way, then, 
wemsy nndenHsnd tlie rest of ths divine order. Elijah waato receive aaanrauce fbrhimaelT, and 
to make known thst aaaurance to othen, as hs fbnnd oocaaion, tliat Qod was still ruling Isrsel 
iKSh fhKn without and from within. To convince him that anidolatrouanation willnotbeunpuo- 
itbed, lie comininions liini to appc4nt three persons who were destined In f ravidenee to svenge 
6od'a controvaiaj witb tbe people of larael. Anointing ia used synonymonaly with appoint- 
ment <jDdg. t. 3), snd is spplied to all named, although Jahn alone had the oonsaersted oil 
poured orer his head. They were all tluee destined to t>s ominant InstmmeDta in schieving the 



1 Kjkos 19. 1-1« 

First Quabtek. 

J6 And "Je'hu the son of Nim'sbi 
shiilt thou anoint to le king over la'ra-el; 
and " E-ll'aha the son of Slia'phat, of 
A'bel-nie-ho'lsh, sbaU thou anoint to ie 
prophet in thf room. 

17 And " it Bhall come to pass, that 
him that escapeth the sword of Haz'a-el 
shall Je'hu slay; and him that e«capeth 
from the svord of Je'hu " shall E-H'aha 

IG Hni'a-et to be kin^ over Bjr'i-a: and 
Je'hu the sod of Nim'shi shalt thou 
anoint to be king over Is'ra-el: and 
B-li'sha the son of Sha'phat of Ab'el- 
rae-ho'lah shalt thou snoiat to be 

17 prophet in tliy room. And it shall 
come to pass, that lilm that escapeth 
. from the sword of Haz'a-el shall Je'hu 
sla; : and him that escapeth from the 
sword of Ja'hu shall E-li'sha sIhv. 

dmtrudioii of idolulcn, though in dill'uruiit wnj-x. But of the three oommiBsloni Elijah personal If 
•xoauted only one, lumoly, the celt of Eliaha to be hU aBwTOuit and Buocoaor, and by him Che 
other two wen KOcomplished. S King* 8. 1-lS ; 9. l-10.—.Sitl4 Gomm«Uorj/. Anoint— It ii to 
be remembered that in other caees, also, of oraoalar Raying tbo propLete are oominanded to do 
something (aymboliially) which (in reality) is to ho broujjlit to paw by the Lord. Comp. Jer. IB. 1, 
ng.; ST. S; 28.10, sg.; Eiek. fi. 1-12; 12. S, >;. The diwiple of the prophets vho anointed Jehu 
under the direction of Elinlia was obliged to begin thin action with the words : " Thus saitb Jeho- 
vah : I Aac4 onointtd tiieo king over iHrael." 1 Kioga i. 8. The real SDoInUng was perfonned, 
therefore, by Jehovah hiin»elf.— Zanje. Jehu the aon of Wiinahl— We le»m ftnin the aoooont 
of Jehu'aanointiDga (2 Kings A. 2) that Nimahi was Jehu' ■ grandfather. He wai "Jehu the son 
of Jehoahaphat the BOn of Nimshi.^' He via one of Ahab^s captaloa, and hoard Che sentence 
vhich Elijah pronounced sgslnst Ahab for the murder of Naboth. 2 Kings B. 25, SB. Wlien 
Jelioram had suoeeeded Ahab Jehu was anointod and conspired against him, and slew not only 
Jcboram, but also csuited to be alain seventy sons of Aliab, and the brethren ofAhaiiah, ITing of 
Judah, and all the nonhipors of BaaL For the history of these doings see 3 Kings 10. It b 
clear tiiitt ileliu looked upon himself as Ooil's ordujned instrument, and considered his scUons as 
"real for the Lord." We may, therefore, conclude that there had been made known to him some- 
thing of the mossage which the Lord here gives to Elijah, and that, inspired by it, he rose against 
the hvaae o( Ahih.^Cambridffe BibU. KUah*.. . of AbSl-moliolah—Forlhe history of Elishs 
see 3 Kings chaps. 2^13. At the time of hit oill Klishs was probably a young man. His fiither 
and mother were atill alive, and ho was living with them.^inmijf, Fropliet in thy room — 
These Wor*i wonld t«»oh Elijah that he was not to expect the aoeomplishmenC of all God's purposes 
during his own life-lame, but only to prepare a representative to be ready when it wsa God's will 
to oall him away. Till Elijah ia al>out to be taken up into hwven (8 Kings 2) we road no more of 
Elisha than in told us in this chapter.— C^nnfrrid/a Mil«. Slull Saialis alay—Of the eipiM^on 
"slay," used of Elisha, tlie same thing is true aa 'of " anoint ; " for Elisha did not actually slay. 
The word is uncd in the prophetic sense, an it ia used of the Uesstab in Isa. 11, i: " He shall 
smite the earth [the land] with the rod [that ia, the rod of oorreotion] of lis mouth, and with 
the breath of his lips shall he slay the godlaiB." Comp. Isa. 49, 2, where die mouth of the 
prophet Is called " s sharp sword," into which the I-ord has msde it ; juat so Eav. 1. 18 ; 
S.IS; 19. IB. The fundnmentul and main thought of the oracle is in general this: that the judg- 
ment of Jehovah will certainly come, but the judging and dividing will be brought in many 
vayt.—Langt. We read of none that wore alun by the hand of Elijah's succeaaor. But his 
voice and liis lalion for the overthrow of Use worship and for making known, both to Israel 
and to the nations round about, that there was " no God in all the earth but in larael " (2 Kings 
b. IB), were constant, and by this " sword of hi« mouth" lie overthrew the foea of Jehovah. His 
work was effectual in places and ways where Hazael and Jehu wrought no deliverance. — Lumby. 


■.MU of aeilTlly are licalcolable. Ver. IS. See iLLDSTftAttONS. If one la tempi«d U 
sin, mloubled eCort In hit ordinary occupation ta oneot Uie ttest bed(t« and fenns asnlnal the 
temptaUon. II one la sunk la MTTaw, there la no eartUy source ol relief like hard work. 


1 Kings 19. 1-18. 

18 Yet 'I " have left m« teten thou- 
Band in Is'ra-el, a\l tbe knees which have 
not bowed unto Ba'al, and "every mouth 
which hatb not kissed liim. 

18 Yet will I leave me seven thousand 
in Is'm-el, oil the knees which have 
not bo wed unto Ba'al and every mouth 
wliich hath not kissed him. 

XeeptM vatcb w 

M dark nut HHllelli. 


BaM from Oa promptUwi ihu itw eolreat lu. 

Work, ud purs alamberi iluUl wait on lb; pillow ; 

Work— Uku Shalt rtda over care'i coming bUlow ; 

Lie not down vevled 'neMb woe') we^lnff willow.— Jflm OmgooO. 
the wnlh of Ban to pnUe htn. Var. IB, It enlirga one's conception ol dlTtnft 
to tblnt tliU Haatel and Jiihu and Nero and ttae Dake of AItk, ind Uie oorrupt poll- 
tldUH who Id later jean •ometlmei lie exMted to hlKb pooltioni In the Stale, the bad goTemon 
and Tcnal lefrlalav>r>. are. In the midtt ot their wiekednen. while punaInK their nwn doftraded 
Idi^ after all, wcrtlng out unoonaolDadT God's praise. 

IS. I have laft me aevsn thousand— Better, as ii 
land «■ Jtratl— In the judtpients that are to Dome by Chi 
all Israel shall not be cut off. There will be found aete 
Bsal. Here Elijah learns, to his confuilon, tl 

— Ttny. "Beren thoiuand" is uKd for ait indefinite i 
cotDp. IS. 18 ; also Prnv. U. 18 ; Uatt. 18. £1, ii. The total was 
people of IsiseI, but the]' were .Ood'e" half remnant," the seed i 
ratuie.—Zinniy. TTIssnd him— That kissing t 

the marftin, J v>itl Uart tni 

L thousand wbo have never wi 
ily Israelite who renislni 

On thism 
iinall conipired with the whole 
t e, purified con|(re|n^oD a( the 
irship offered to blso gods wo 

u Hoe. IB. S, " Let Che men tiut sacriflce titt the cdvcs." Probably the Latin adortr 
Ja etTmologicall]' oonnected with this. — CamMdgt Siblt. Idolntora often kinsed their hands in 
honor of their idols ; and henoo the [probable] origin of mioration — bringing the hand to the 
mouth sfler touching the idol, if it woiv within reach; und, if not, kiaaingtho right hand In token 
of respect snd subjecUon. — Ulartt, 

Beea—e ■ l*ll<u« seems romplete, K dv« not always Ibllow ibat II ti so. Ter. IB. Manj a 
Ume It has seemed to eameit CbrlsclsDS almost as If Ood bad withdrawn from ttM government ot 
lbs VMld. ProbaMj one half of all the manrrs that have died tor Cruib and jtoodnem and liberty 
have felt as tber died tbat wUta them and tbelr fellows the hopes ot the world wore perlahlnc. It 
must have anrprlsed the oian who said. " I, even I onl7. sm left," lo bear that there were seven 
inouBsnd Dtticn whom be bad not oounied i and the lesson be then snd there learned we msT haie 
lo recall manj a time In our Uvea All the good of the earth Is not bound up la us. God's plana 
wUI not tall. 

Tor right is rigbl, slDce Ood Is God. 
and right the day most Tin ; 
To doubt would be dEsloraltj. 
To tslter would be idn.— f^tber. 

ah St tbat Ume knew them not, and 
In all ibe streets, Ibelr life laa 
hidden one. Thejr are scattered In all lands. In all conditions, among high and low, rich and poor ; 
Iber do not ttaemselres know one another, but the Lord kooweth them. How often we consider a 
person as a lost child of Ibe world who. In the eyes of the Searcher of hearts. Is a child ot God. 
How otiea we think that a nation, a dtj, n oommunlly, Is utterly corrupt, snd yet eren there Uxr 
tbe Ifird baa a hidden seed, and eleoUoni of grace.- LontTC. 


Peraeaatton Tor righteoasness* sake. Ter 2. — The pious Romune, pnotor ofSt. 
DimstsD's Chnreh, Aberfbrd, had often to preach by the light of a sInKlo atidle whicli he held itt. 
lis iisnd, ss the churdi wsrdens would not suffer the church to bo lighted. 


1 KiNGB 10. 1-18. LESSON V. FiEST QuABratt. 

The woiBt yoD otui do to ■ good man i> to ponwcate hini, and the want that penacutioD oandaii 
to kill him. This is as bnd as to spiW > ship by launabing it The soul is bailt fbr hesven and 
tho ship for the ooean, and blessi-d be the hour thnt gives each to iln Irua element.— &irAer. 

When a blind man oomee dgsinst j-ou in the street you are not oriKry with him ; you My, He is 
blind, poor man, or Jic would not hsve hurt me. So nmy you 8«y of those who wronjffuUy aae 

PaMlon blind* men to their own inieresla. Ter. 2> — A Koruan Cssar prepared 
ji great feast for hu nobUs. The appointed day turned out k> foul as to hinder the meetinK, 
whereupon he ordered those w)io had bows to shoot their arrows at Jupiter, their chief god. Tlie 
siTows nturned upon their own heads, severely wounding many of them. 

A bee in iotlicdDg a sting lesvM its barbed weapon In the wound, and, being thus mudlated, 
ineviubly dies. It adnes itself to death. 

Paaaion ie the dmnkenneea of the mind.— iSouM, 

O how the putfoDS, InsoleDt and strong, 

Bear our weak minds their raph) course aloni; ; 

Vake us tbe mailBws ot Uielr will obtj ; 

Tben die. and lesTe ns to oar grleft a prey.— CmUw. 

Reformeri niiat expect to Nailer. Ters. 1-3. — " Sn you intend to be a rofomter of 
man's morals, young man," said un old peer to WilberTorce. "That is the end of lelbrmera," swd 
he, as he pointed to a picture of the craciAxioD. — Punihon. 

Our antagonist is our helper. — Burin. 

Hot a initli Ins to art or to science been gtTen, 

But bones bave aclied for It, and souls lolled and striven. 

And nuuj have itrlTeD, and msny twre tilled. 

And nuuif died, slain tyj tbe wmng tber allied.— JtfenHlUh. 

PradcDce 1b tometlmM better than Talor. Ver. 3.— In the Jardin ilea Plantoe ws 
aaw a hooded snake in a moat unamiable oondition of temper. There was a thick glass and a 
8tOHt wire between ua, and though wo did nothing but look at him he darted at us with neh 
veheoienae of malioe the keeper requested us to move sway, saying it is never wise to keep Dear 
«UGh creatures. "Caudonia the parent of safety." 

I'm loo discreet 

To mn amuck, and tilt at all I meet.— Fbpe. 

Selt-tore, my llese. Is not so vUe a sin ss self-nefflectiaK.— ShaJtupearf. 

Good people meet gmt reTeraea. Ter. 4> — Job Orion says a friend of his received 
A hu^ legacy to distribute in charity. The first year after he came Into possewiion of It he waa 
applied to for a share of it by twenty -three worthy man who liad once rlddeu in their carriages. 

A benevolent Dublin merchant who hod once been in receipt of an annual inooina of twenty- 
live thousand dollara, and who was one of the founders of the Old Men's Asylum in titat city, 
became an inmate of it In his old ago. 

But yBaterdar tbe word ot Cosar might 

Have stood against lbs world ; now lies be there, 

And none so poor hi do blm revcrenoe.— ShnJcaqMare. 

" Did yon know Enoch Arden ot this town f " 

"Know hlmT" she Mid; "I knrrw blm tar away. 

Aj, ay, 1 mlod him comlnl down me street. 

Held bla bead higta, and cared tor no man be." 

Blowly and sadly Enocb answered ber. 

" Ells head Is low now, no man cares lor him."— Tniniwm. 


Feb. 1, 1891. LESSON V. 1 Kings 19. 1-18. 

I>eBpoMd«nGr VKT aiiw IVoh phTilcal canies. Ter. 4> — Dr. Buali, ■ moD>rcb in 
modicine, alter curing linndreds of cawH of mental dcprewion, himaeirfell siok, loat hiireligloiu 
hope as > conMtquence of nerroua diaorder, end would doC believe hii putoru to the came of hii 
dejiraieioa. Andrew Fuller, Tlioniu Seott, Cowper, Brainard,and MebnohthoD were mi^tymeD 
ofOod, but all illiuUations of tbe fact that tlie bod/ ruin the mind. An eminent phfaiciaa sayi 
no man ever died a greatlj triumphant death whoae disease was below the diaphragm. Stadc- 
iouw, a learned Christian writer, does not think Saul wm insane when David pl«f ed before him, 
bat it was hypochondria coming from inflammation of the liver. 

CoitCH deolares that in mMnents of deapondenc}' even Bhakefpcoro thought himnelf no poet, 
and Bapbae) donbled hjs light to be oallod a painter. 

So high as we have moonled in iMIffbt. 
In our deJeetloD do we sink so low.— ITordRiiarUl. 
How RladlT would I nieei 
KortaUlj mj aenleiioe. and be eonii 
Inaemlble I bow glad would la; me down 
As la my molber'i tap t— KlIlDn. 
I taller where I Drmly trod. 
And taUlDX with my welgbt o[ ores 
Dpon Ibe jrreat warld'i altir-Maln 
Itial stofie Uini' darkneM up to God, 
I KielEh lame bands at laltb, and grope, 
And nUwr dust and Chan, and call 
To wbat I [eel la Lord of all.— I^nniaon. 
Good ckecr for the ueedr- Vera, ft-r.— In the United State* Mint at Philadelphia 
there in oiio room wliioh eoaiaina the furnace for molting the gold, lis «oor in covered with on 
iron grating- By this device eighty thousand dollarH' worth of goM 1b imved every year from 
the gold dual floating InvlBibly iu the air. Such is QoJ'n care far the miuutuiit interest of hi* 

A pioDS Indy worried for yean OTor the thought of death. She cotiiultcd many friends with' 
autobCuDiiig any aoloce. At last an old colored " auntie" heard licr story and rteponded, "Why, 
ii isn't dying grace ye wont, child ; it's Hring grace. Qo ahead and Uo your work, si>d let the 
dying take its own time nod gnce." In this conne ahs triumphed. 
Do not croaa the bridge till yon oomc to it 

Trjveleiv take with them letters of credit good all over the world. Bueh letters are for a 
speciilc amouDt, and the banker is secured by prupaimcnt. Somvtimei an iiDliiiiiled letter is 
iBued md made good by a responsible imloraur. such is Qod's provision for every pilgrim. 
"All your Deed."— ^Sidop F<»t. 

Lord of himself, though not of lands ; 
And having nothing, yet hath all. 
Fear not the fntnni, weep not (or the past.— SAdltg. 
O holT tmsl I O endlen lenia ot tot 1 

like the beloved Jobs, 
To lay bis bead npon tbo Barionr's breast 
And thus to journey oa.—LongftUiiv. 
GrMitaess kka iu penalties. Ver. 10.— When Cromviell was in the height of bis 
sncoeai sa Protaotor of England he was appichenaive Tor the safety of his life. His aged mother 
SI ibesonnd of a musket would beaftaid her son vsBshot, and could not be satiafled unleaa she 
saw him ones a day. In a burst of disappoiOUneatlMOuDBSiolaimsd, "I had rather keep a flock 

The hlgb places are the oold plsces '.—BMt^ Wittg. 

OreM man stand Ilka solitary lowon In the eltr of God.— XonafcSou. 

Tbe mlgbUer man, Ibe mightier Is the tblog 
That makes him honored or begsli talm 
For greatest scandal walls on ki 


1 Kings 19. 1-18. LESSON V. First Quartkb. 

He who ucends to icountali] topa itiall llnd 
Tlielr loKlest peaki m»l wnpped la ciouda and bdoW ; 

He wliu BurpsBea or aubdaes muUnd 
Miut look down on tbe taatsoT CliDBe below. —Bj/ron. 

The value of qnletnew. Ver. 12.— Oxj'gen, of which nina tenths af the ocon and one 
half the I ocki urB ooinpoxed, is a |r» bo itcliuate Uiflt no manovcruworemelledit. ItexiatH in threu 
(bmis: in one it ia the lire, tlie Bource oi' earth quuke nnd atorm-, in tlio aecond it ia tlie element ot 
deoay ; but the real power is in llio tiiird— liie element of life, m all livinjt orcaturea bnache it. It 
worlu in nilenoe ; the youngest babe cuii braithe it, yet all the life in tlie world cornea ftom it, 

" How quiet ererjlhing la I not a leaf elirring, " aaid a jouog eparrow ; " ho" deiicioua a 
pnff of wind would be I " " We ahall have more than 70U want before long," croaked un old 
raven. Befbre many houra a tempest awept tlie coantry. " What a oomfnn the atomi ia over ; 
our neat is apoiledl I never remember aueh a night," aai<l the sparrow. "Ah!" aaid (he raven, 
"take my wonl for it, thtr^i nolAinf litt attorm to ttaeh you th» talute/a ealm," 

White&old says, " I carefUly aought out ClHMe acceptable tones tliat were like a i-pell upon 
the heart whenever thewords were romanibureJ." 

The sword of Cromwell was ao mighty tJiut nil Europe feared ita fiaah, but the pen of Milton 
did CTOD mors for ihe cauae of liberty. 

The dew of one summer's night will aecomplish more tor the ftrain-fleld than &fty Caribbtan 
whiilwindi Talmuge. 

gpea^genllrl Lore dotb whisper low 

The vowa tliat inie bwita bind ; 
And Renll J rrlendablp's accenta flow i 

Affection'* volon la kind. 

The beneflta of ncllTlty. Tera. I5-t7.— A touriat oroning a snowy peak alone felt a 
droweineas, to yield to which would he fatal. But naulullon wan poverieHs to oheck it. Just then 
he Mumbled against aheiip which proved to bo a humnn being buried in u anow-drift He set to 
work chafing the frozen limbs. Tbe record stands : " He savtd a brolher, and was aaved liiinsetf." 

The motto of the Baptist Missionary Society repiesebts a bullock standing between a plow 
and an altar, with the inscripiioii, " Ready for cither — for toil or aacriflce." This is the s;nrit of 
true nervioo. 

A lady watching a potter turn hia swift wheel round by foot said to him, "How tired that foot 
must be I " " No, ma'am," he said. " It isn't the foot that works tliat's tired, it's the one Ihiit 

You cannot calculate how much corrodinn dust is kept off by labor, how much of dull de- 
spondniioy la tlius hindered. Mot the jeweler's mercurial polish, but daily use, keeps your silver 
penotl Ihim tsruithing. 

The labor we delight In pbjalci ■sUn.—Shakaptarc. 
Get le«ve to work In this world— 'tla tbe beat irouget stall.— 3fn. Brownlno. 

Let Ihe dead past burr Ita dud. 
Act-act [n tlie living present. 
Heart wliUo and God o'erbead.- Z^naf ellow- 



Feb, 1, 1891. LESSON V. 1 Kmoa 19. 1-18. 

tbe king aubmliBiva Ui Elykh's will. Ic smined aa If n complete reToriiiation had heen kcoom- 
pliKbeil, and Elijah's work wu dona '. 

i. Now torn to the usit dar, and what da we ■«• P Elijah, tho prophcl of the Lord, in 
flight to the wildarncHi, hiding from a woinau's tJireat '. Olvo n word-picturo of Che flying prophet, 
and on the map ahow his jouraej from Bnmaria to Ut. Horeb, nnrrating tho inoidenla by the way, 

8. Note the oanaea of thla atnnge rerulaiaii, nnd of Elijah's Beoming weakaeas. F. W. 
Bobertwn'a remarkable iiennou on " Elljali " will auggont an oulllno on this subjecL Ho shows 
Uw causa of Elijah'a deapondency to h»vQ bean: 1.) Waiil o/ oceupaliott. While there was work 
to be done Elijah was brave. B.) SerBoui eiAaurfion,- mind i-yinpathiiing with body; the 
revuluon after a day of migbtyeffortsDd strain. S.) Zotultmn. Note how oflan Elijah said, "I 
am aloDO." He felt the need of companionship, a kindred eoni to commune with his own. 
4.) AppoMtU faUvrt. The day before he had deemed Ilia work b succeas \ now it seemed like an 
abaolute failure. "All ia lost; let inedie," is liis thought. 

4. Next ohMTTO how Qod daalt with SUj>h. He might have smiKeu him with lightning 
as one unwarthy of his hith calling. But instead, Ood showed tendemeia, grnco, and a divine 
wisdom. 1.) He refVeBhed his physical nature by food and sleep, aa a preparation for diadphne 
and for duty. Take care of the body for the sake of the soul. 9.) Ha showed him by the earth- 
quake, the Are, and the voice that seeming power is not always real, and in Tone IB that El^ah'a 
work had not been In vain, 8.) He gave him companionship: Eliaho, a man of oppoaila nature to 
hia own. i.) He gave him work, a great commission to be acoomplishad. Note that the two 
errands, to Syria and larael, were not delivered in Elijah's time. It required the rest of his life 
to prepare for their oonsummatlan. Elijah had woik enoogh to last bim a life-time, and In it he 
found his courage renewed. 

5. "nia appHoatton of all thla ia plain. 1.) Letuanotbeelated by seemlngsDocas, nordis- 
amnged by apparent failure. S. ) Let ua aee that the body does not dog the aoul by ila weakness. 
8.) Let us sesk religious companionships, and have cameM, apiritusUy minded friends. 4.) Let 
us do Ood's work, and leave its resulla with Qod. 


TO BPBOIAIi BUBJUCnS.— " Beer-sheba and its Wells," Stahut, BiittUnt and Siiud, 
SB, 1«, 169,161. "The words, Hoieb and Sinai," StuiLIt, Matine and Sinai, foot-note, Bl. 
" Damaacus," Srun-av, PaletUnt and Sinai, 403, 401. " Ellsha," BrAXLaT, Matint and Sinai, 
U4-8M. "Vision at Hcrab," &tAxur,Jnnth CIukA, ii, 840. "Jezebel and Elijah," Oxnii, 
Bonn mlh tlu BihU, iv, 44-TS. "Elijah's Horeh Boone," Toca, Handbooi qf DifteaUim. 
" Elijah's Flight," " The Theophany of Horeb," and " Tho Calling of Ellsha," Da. Ouaoao 
inBrxHci, PidpU Conaunlary. Special articles in Sitrni's J^uiKiMiry, " Jeiebel" and"Jexreel," 
by A. P. fiTAHLar. "Horeb or Sinai," by HjintAir. "Juniper Tree," by Da. Phillott. "The 
Boene of Elijah'a Bevelation," Biblioul Thingtnat OtntraU]/ Known. 

TO BKBHOHB ASS AUTiBMSSma.—Ood Htardthd SliUamaU Foiet, by E. Pi.noir, 
7cd. S. SUfoJUti* PhipliHiif tin Lata- Doy*. 3.11. "ajMaur. £Zij'<U, F. W. BoaaKnoH, ii, 10«. 
AnfU at Rimtmiran—rt, Miltillb, ii, IS. Good AngtU, Wnur, ii, 188. TKt Vition of 
Bi/aA, T. W. FABSaa. iJffdA, F. 1>. HaniMB, Rvitieal Stihoiu. 


1 Kings 21. 1-16. 


LESSON VI.— February S. 

AHAB'S COVETO08NE83. — IKings 31. 1-16. 

OOtiDBN TBXT.— Take heed, and beware of covetousneee.— Luke U. 15. 


TIMll.— B. C. 89S or 900. 

PZiAOBS.— 1. Ahab'a palaoe in the city nf Ssmaria ; 3. Jeneel, na 
uioient city of Canaen, on tlio wcatcm declivity of Mount Gilboa, overlook- 
iog the great plain to wliich it gave the nama £3dnu:lon. It whs b atron^- 
holJ for ttie house of Saul. 2SmD, 2. 8, etc. Ahab had apalacein the eastern 
quarters of the town [for it was just as Jelia entered the oitx pUe from 
the East that Joicbel looked out at him, 3 Kings 9, 31], ftnd 8. Kaboth's 
Tinoyaid was outside of the eoHlem «Bil, near tlic fountuiii [for there 
Jorani's body waa cnsl before Jeliu eoteroJ the city, 2 King« 9. M-26.] 

FBBSONS.— 1. Ahab, Kin^ of Uroel. S. Queen Joubel. B. ITa- 
both the Jezreelite. 1. Two Ulte vltneBiM. 6. The elden and 
noblea of Nabotl.'a eily. 
OONKBCnNO LIMKB.— Alter God's revelstion to Elij:ih in Mount Horoh the prophet 
jouroejed northward and found Elislm, the son of Shuphat, whom God hud selected to lie hie >uc- 
ccasor. Meantime Ben-hadad, King of Syria, totally ignorant of what hud been foreshown to 
Elijiih, that already foroca were at work to dethrone him, invaded the kingdom o( Israel and be- 
■teged Its capital. He Brat made Aliab tributarj, then sent messengers to select from Ahab's 
household treasuroe whatever might cliaTice to please their royal master. Ahub resented this de- 
mand, and war waa deelarod. A prophet of God foretold the utier overthrow of the Syrian 
nmiieB, and directed how it was to be brought about. Ahab followed the divine direction, and 
as B result "slew the SyrUna with areat slaughter." Ben-hsdad fled, and when st limt he saw 
that hia capture woa inevitable be beggeil for hi!> life. Ahab iiranled it on oondilione degrading to 
the Syrian king; but God bad "appointed thi« man [Ben-liadud] to uttor deatruction," and fore- 
told Ahab's downfall because of bis repeated dibubcdicDCC. 

1 And it came to p'lss after these 
tbings, that Ka'both the Jez're-cl-ite had 
a vineyard, which teat in ' Jez're-el, hard 
by the palace of A'Uab king of Sa-ma'ri-n. 

3 And A'hab spake unto Na'botli, 
enjing, ' Give me thy ' vineyard, that I 
may have it for a garden of herbs, be- 

■ JuVt-Xt I B«ni. W. 1. >End. 10. ITj Knht. I; Liilii I 

And it c&me to pans after these 
things, that T^a'both the Jez're-el-ite 
had a vineyard, which waa in Jez're-el. 
hard by the palace of .Vhab king of 
I Sa-ma'ri-a. And A'hab spuke unto 
Na'both, saying. Give me thy vine- 
yard, that I may have it for a garden 

L OOVBTOnS AHAB. Venea 1-4. 

I'S. Ahab spake — Despotic as these kings were, 

Ihey dared not seize on the inlicritance of any man. This 

would have been a flagrant hnmch of the constitution of 

tlie country. — Clartt. Qiva ma thy vineyBfd — Well did 

Samiio] forewarn the people when they clamored for a king, 

" Ha will take your liolda, and your vineyards, and your 

olive yards, even the beat of Ihein." 1 Sam. 8. 14.— 

Whidon. Oorden of herba — Both a vegetable atid 

flower garden, in which all sorta of plants and floweis 

might be grown. Many allusions lo iiortieulture are made 

lua ima-i »a»i- In the Old Testament (comp. especially Canticles jv, 18-18 1, 

■ud indicate that among the Hebrews much attention was given to the eultivation of plants, fVuita, 



FsB. 8, 1891. 

1 Kino 21. 1-16, 

miee it U Dear unto m; house : and I 
will give thee for it a. better Tioeyard 
thaii it; or, if it 'Beem good to thee, 1 
will give thee the wortb of it in money. 

8 And Na'both said to A'hab, The 
Lord forbid it me, ' that I should give 
the inheritaDce of my fathers nato thee. 

4 Aod A'hab came iuto his house 
h«aiT and displeaaed because of the 
wora which Nu'Doth the Jcz're-e1-ite had 

of herbs, because it ]a near unto mj 
house; and I will give thee for it a 
better vineyard than it : or, if it seem 
good to thee, I will give thee the 

8 worth of it in money. And Na'both 
sud to A'hab, The Lord forbid it me, 
that I should give the inheritance of 

4 my fathers unto thee. And A'hnb 
came into his house heavy and dis- 
pleased because of the word which 


Uld Sow era.— Tfrry. Tb«eBi 
Idsare Ut think about ibe arrni 
otberwioe the vicloTy then grac 
not in harinoiiy wilh the doom 
The Iiord forbid it me—Thi 
«■* a vorehipcr ot Jnhoval!, 
from DukiDg it bnovn to the 
bowed tli« knee 

lUmuBt havctshcn place (luring n time or peace, wben Ahmb had 
iinent of hia j^rounds ; probably after Ben-hadid's utCar defeat, 
d lo Ahub would have seemed like ■ coiidotiation of his sin, and 
renounced in this clmpler (ver. 19) by El'iiah.— Cambridge BibU. 
reiBB in very intereatlne, because (1) it makes clear that Naboth 
id, in Kpite of (he persecution of the prophets, did not shrink 
ng by his language. Here was an example of nna who had not 
" ' i (2) tbe reason which he alleges for clinging ti 

his Inhsritanoo allows that the teaching of the law of Moses (Xum. S6. T, S ; Lev. £5. ST, SB) 
concerning ths aacredncaa of a paternal inheritance had taken firm bold of the minds of the 
people, » that Ahab did not think of venturing on harsh measures agninst one who put forward 
thb religious plea as a bar lo the royal deairc. — Luraby. The inheritance of each tribe and family 
WIS inalienable, and oould not, even by marriage, go into otber hands; and, even if it wore 
•old on ftoconnt of diatress, would revert to it again, without price, in tbe year of Jubilee. 
Ham. SS. 1-lB ; Lev. 25. 10-29. According to Eiok. ^6. IS, the prince himself oould not force 
anj" one out of hia property. Tbia Hosaio law in connected most intimately witli the stability 
of tbe theoeracy ; it seeured ita materiid foundation ; and, if it wore not alwaj's strictly observed 
Slid enforced, tbe main thought pervading it nevertheleas struck strong roots into the conscious- 

a prudential 

* of the people, and the preservation of the 

Isnwlltc a mstler not merely of loyalty toward )iia fi 

worldly afliur, but a religious, sacred duty. — La»fft. 

I cfiMsMBCBl la creal gala. The desire for tblntn which serve Cor pleasure ts often 
10 griefonssln. Tberelora ntya the Scrtpture, Tbou ahalt noteorel ttaf aelghbor'a 
goodo, nor anj thing lliat ti his. Let Uie needy be thy Urst care, not thine own pleasures. Watch 
over lUiM beart, for deelm aptaranllT lawful. It not nalsted and denied, may lead lo ruln.^ 

Heattuia It rare. Tbe men are rare who, tor God and couaa 

and offers, tbe gtsnUng bt whtcb would be advantsgtioai I 

acoompaDied trith Injuir. and perhaps peril lo themselves.— SOfir. 
WorMly prHperH; 4aea bm salliff . Ver, S Bae IixUBTKiTTOMg, The loDElnga of a soul cannot 

be latliaed by tbe rldieri phyalcal luiarles. 
We boM ear rl«hu direct ftvm Uod. Ver. 8. See IixtrSTunONS. 

4. Ahata eame—lc is dear from the continuation of the atory that it was to Bamaria that 
Ahab returned after bis interview with Naboth. — Cambridfi Jkbli. Heavy and diapleaaed — 
balky and sour, Just after receiving the word of the Lord from one of the sons of the prophets. 
Chap. 20. 4S. Ilia going to bed, and turning away hia faoe, and refusing to eat, ahow up most 
vividly his mean passions and the cbildiBb fretfulneas of his disposition. — Ttrry, And ho laid 
him down, etc.—This detail shows, like so much else in Ahab's liifitory, how thoroughly he 
could ba dominated by the more powerful mind of Jeiebel, 'Wbile absent from her some Bigns 
of improvement might appear, even xucli aa might seem to Elijah to promise hopes of a change ; 
but when she appears the; are all gone. — Cambridgi Biita. 

ftaltmt ■ ■<■■■ ol 

. Bee lLLUSTai.TuiNS. 


1 KlNGB 21. 1-16. 



'«pokeu to hiin; for he litui said, I will 
not givo thee the inheritance of my 
fathers. And he laid him down upon his 
bed, and turned away his face, and would 

6 Bot Jez'e-bel his wife came to l 
and gaid unto him, W!i; is thy npiri 
ead, that thou eateet no bread) 

6 And he said unto her. Because I 
spake unto Na'both the Jez're-el-ite, and 
«aid unto him, Give me thy vineyard for 
money; or else, if it please thee, I will 
give thee another Tineyard for it: and he 
answered, 1 will not give thee my v' 

7 And Jez'a-bel his wife said unto 
hitn, DoHt thou ' now govern the king- 
■dnm of Is'ra-elt Arise, and eat bread, 
and let thine heart be merry ; I ' will 

S've thee the vineyard of NalMCb the 

8 So she wrote lettersin A'hab's name, 
And sealed them with hia seal, and sent 
the letters unto the elders and to the 
noblei that iBerv in his city dwelling 
•with Na'both. 

give thee the inheritance of my fathen. 
And he laid him down upon his bed, 
and turned away his face, and would 

5 eat no bread. Bnt Jez'e-bel his wife 
came to him, and said unto him. Why 
is thy spirit so sad, that thou eateet 

6 no bread? And he said unto her. 
Because I spake unto Na'both the 
Jez're-el-ite, and said unto him. Give 
me thy vineyard for money ; or else if 
it please thee, I will give thee another 
vineyard for it: and he answered, I 

7 will not give thee my vineyard. And 
Jez'e-bel nia wife said unto him, Dost 
thou now govern the kingdom of 
Is'ra-el ! arise, and eat bread, and let 
thine heart be merry : I will give thea 
the vineyard of Na'both the Jez'rv- 

8 cl-ite. 8o she wrote 'letters in A'hab's 
name, and sealed them with his seal, 
and sent the letters unto the elders 
and to the nobles that were in his city, 


I 6-10. 

B, 6, 7. Dost tbou now covem ths kinsdom of Iirsal t — There is not expmwd hare 
tmj algn of > question in Che orininel, but there una be no doubt tbit this u the fbioe of the words. 
The Hebrew order ia, " Thou now Hovcrneit," etc., the pronoun being emphatioally expnanod, 
■0 that the hum ie, " Jiov art king, vt thou not ) why, then, let such ■ matter trouble thee or 
stand in Che way of thy will ) " Jezebel do«a not urge Ahab to act the despot's part, bnt plajs it 
tor him. — Can^ridgi SiiU, It thia liad been s direct question tbera eonid have been only one 
truthful SQBwer — it waa not Ahab who governed Israel, but his stronger minded wiA. '* Thou, 
surely, irt beoame now a mighty king to be thus set at naught I A powerful ruler to be thus aeot 
to bed (liahaaTtensd by an oba^nate subject. "—TVrry. I will glvo tb«« Um vinarard— 1, the 
wife, einoe thou hast not the ooun|:[e to astad a mux snd a king. — ThtniiU, 
The laflBenee sT (he oppoaile Ka. Ver.B. Bee Illl'BTKatiohs. 

8, 9, 10. 8hs wTols Isttars in Aliab's name— The latten would b« prepared for her bj ' 
the royal secretaries. Jesebel's part was to take the Bignot-rinff of her huiband and therewith 
affix the royal seal, that the dooument mightgo forth with authority. Appsrently Ahab aakad no 
qantlon about the mean* which bis wif^ meant to employ.— CbmMii;* JXH*. BMtled tbsm 
with, his seal— In giving validity to documents namea were not in thoee days, nor an thqr now 
In the East, dgned by tlie hand in writinR, but imprMsed by s seal on which the name ia eognved. 
Ucnee the Importauoe which Is attaohed to the signet throughout the saored boohs.—ftOa and 
Xfil. The aldon and ... the notdM—The law ordered (Deut. ID. IR) that then should be 
Judges appointed in every city, and we cannot doubt the existence of such a tribunal in a plaM so 
important as Jeireel, whore Iha elden and nobles would fbrm the tienoh of magistrates. The 
■equel shows that for such an oSense as that chsiged agidnat Nsboth they had the power of life 
anddeaUi. But the whole proceeding is very Oriental. The royal letter dictates the sentence 
and how it is to be obtstned, and the persons to whom it is addrssssd mska no soraple about 


Fkb.8, 1891. LESSON VI. 1 Kings 21. 1-16. 

9 And Hb« wrate in the letters, Bavinfr, 

» and that dwelt with Na'both. And 

*>Proctuin s fut, aod set Na'botb °od 

she wrote in the lettere, saying, Pro- 

high unoDg the people : 

claim a fast, andsetNa'both'onhigh 

10 And set two men, ' bods of Be'li-al, 

10 among the people; and set two men, 
sons of ' Be ii-al, before him, sad let 

before him, to bear witness agaJDBt bim, 

the king. And thm carry him oot, and 

them bear witness against him, say- 

ing, Thou didst * curse Ood and the 

* Stone him, that he nay die. 

king. And tlicn carrr him out, and 
11 stone him, that he die. And the 

n And the men of his city, eten the 

«lders anil the noblei who were the in- 

men of his city, even the elders and 

Ubitants in his dty. did as jBz'e-bel had 

the nobles who dwelt in hU dty, did 

«eat nnto them, and aa it oat written in 

as Jes'e-bel had sent unto them, ac- 

the letten which slie had sent nnto them. 

cording as it was writtenin the letters 

w,iJiJ..ip.ii. HM 's»n. til, t«™..lJ^lTn■^lIC»■ 

obajing, althougfa the last woids of thi> vene bioreaae the enormity of their proeeedins by telling 
that they '■ were In hie dty, dwnlllng with Naboth," and *», it vonld Mem, well acquainud with 
Ilia chancier,— CninAni^ iJiUi. Prnnlalm ■ fMt Tint a flay nf hnmiliitifrti be appoialad, tor it 
miM be rapnwmted that a great wrong hie been camniitted both agidnal Ood and the king. The 
command o( God (Joel S. IS) by h\» prophet is, " Turn ye to me with all your heart, and with 
tedng and with weeping." Hence Iha aatiou li to eipraea the popular sottow fbr some wrong 
•dcme by whiob the whole city is contaminalad.— Zwaiy. A public fliat was cuatoinary in the event 
«f national calamitiea (Joel 1. 14), after grievoua deTeUs (J udg. SO. 28; 1 Sam. SI. IS), after fcnst 
•ina(18ani.T. S; JoelS. 13), or fbr the turning sway of apprehended misfonune (S Chron. 20.S, S,T). 
— Langi. Bet Vaboth on hlsh— He was of a family of note.— ./oHpitu. By thus, at the begin- 
ning of the pioceaa, treating him with lienor they would seem to make it plain that, bat for the 
evidence aftainat him, they would have been glad to think him innocent.— Onntriifpi .KUt, If 
htii piilt ahould be ehown by a BufBcieut nomber of witoeaaiB this pahlioity would expose him all 
the UKirato popular fuij-. — Terrj/, We see that Jezebel giva no hint to any one of the true oauae 
for wishing to put Naboth out of the way. Had ahe done ao she must have menl^onsd the reason 
forhia scruple, and the elders of Jezreel, though thuy had forgotten the Ibhr of Juhovah. would 
not have eaied to give publicity to Naboth's answer. The ground for hclduig firm to b'u Inheri- 
(aaoa would moat likely have found an echo in many sn InracliCc's heart. — ZumAji. 

TIh Mr«>e»t rkuBMcr, aa* boi Uw nun ■■ the htgheal petfUaa, really ■averBS.Ter. B. Baa 

Ooe ila ■»<■ M awitber. Ter. t. Bee ILLDStaATiOMS. 

10. Two man — The law required at least two witnesses to convict a man of munler or any 
jreat crime. Bee Mnm. SS. 30 ; Dent. It. ; l». li.—Terrg. So even Jeiebei beam witness to the 
Pentatcuoh.- WordnBortA. Bona of BallaL— In Deut IS. IS tile Beviaed Veruon haa tnoslated 
this expreuion "baas fellows," putting in the margin "sans of wortbUstneas." This la the 
aense every-wbere in the Old Testament, and should have been in the texc In New Testameut 
tinHB " Belial " was penoniBed (see 3 Cor. 6. Ift), but tlieie la no trace of this Idea in the 
earlier Bcripturea. The men were f[ood-for-naughls, who wnnld swear to anything for which 
they weta paid, 'niou didat blaaplwnu Ood and ths Unc — The verb in the original la 
very Ircqaenlly used of bleMing, butit hid the opposite sense also. It is used in the bed eetuoalao 
in Joh 1. fi : 2. B. It is remarkable that an accusaLion of this nitare should hsi'e buon sat afoot by 
JewbeL We need not. however, asanme that Fhe hod any care about tlie cursing of God, only 
that ahe found this the most oonvenient mode of KCttiiia rid of Nahoth. But among the people, 
who were tt> anppoae Kaboth justly executed, tliuni munt have still been left some regard for tiia 
-divine name and the divine law. The death by iloniug waa appi^ted by Uie Mosaic code (Lev. 
M. ItJ.—Oaatbriiigt MitU. 

neawfblrae<iltaaf|Teal(aleBl4e(Me4 «•*»■■ iHH. Vera B- 10. Bee ILLtmniATIOlrs. 

« bl 


I KiMGB 21. 1-16. 



19 Thej *° proclaimed ft fast, ftnd set 
NalKith on hijrh amon^ the peoplu. 

18 And there came la two meD, chil- 
dren of Be'li-aJ, and eat beforo bim: 
and the men of Beli-al witnessed against 
him, MenagaiiiBtNa'both, in tliepregence 
of the people, wpng, Na'lwth aid blas- 
pheme Ood and the king. "Then they 
carried him forth out of the dty, and 
atoned him with stones, that he died. 

14 Then they sent to Jez'e-bel, eaying, 
Na'both is stoned, and is dead. 

19 And it came to pass, when Jez'e-bel 
heard that Na'botli was stoned, and was 
dead, that Jez'e-bel said to A'hab, Arise, 
take possession of the vineyard of Na'botli 
the Jei're-«I-it«, which he refused to ^tb 
thee for money : for Na'both is not ahve, 
but dead. 

16 And it came to pass, when A'bab 
heard that Na'both was dead, that A'bab 
rose up to go doirn to the vineyard of 
Ka'bcth the Jez're-el-ita, to take poft- 
session of it. 

13 which she had sent nnto them. Tbey 
proclaimed a fast, and set Na'both * on 

18 high among the people. And tkfr 
two men, sons of B«'li-al, cameinand 
sat before bim : and the men of Be'- 
li-el bare witness against him, even 

r'nst Na'both, in the presence of 
people, saying, Na'both did 
'cnrse God and the king. Then they 
carried him forth ont of the city, and 
stoned him with stones, that he died. 

14 Then they sent to Jez'e-bel, sajingf 

15 Na'both is stoned, and dead. And ib 
came to pass, when Jez'e-bel heard 
that Na'botb was stoned, and Wb» 
dead, that Jez'e-bel said to A'bab, 
Arise, take possession of the Tineyard 
of Na'both the Jei're-el-ite, which b& 
refused to give thee for money: for 

IS Na'both is not alive, but dead. And 
it came to pass, when A'bab heard, 
that Na'both was dead, that A'bab rose 
Dp to go down to the vineyard of 
Na'both the Jez're-el-ite to take pos- 
session of it. 

in. MDRDZIRBD NABOTB. Vn>a« 11-16. 

11-14. In the preaenoe of the pe<Qila — A> much publiidty M ponible was given to tha 
accusation, thit tbns it miglit bsvo the color of being legully curied out. — tumig. That he 
died — Mot only was Nabotb put to dasth, but according to anetber paasage (1 Kings S. 2e), hia 
eons were included in the dmtiuetlon. — Lumiy. They were, perhaps, the only hein that conld 
rightly claim the inheritance ; or, like Aohsn's children, they may have been regarded sod treated 
«• invoWed in the parent's gidlt. — Ttrry, The prooeeding sgslnst Nabotb is B aombina^on ot 
the heaviest crimes, for by it are trodden underfoot the three <Uvine oommalldM; Thou shslt nc^ 
kill, thou ehalt not Bteul, thou shalt not bear fhlse witness against thy odghbor. How thankAd 
should we be that wa dwell in ChrigMndom !— ianj*. 

II Is Mcver right la *o wrong, even tliough one's oOdal nipertor ocmmaaOs It. Ter. 11. Be» 


16, 10. Take poaseaalon of the Tln«)rard — Some have thought that the property of ooft 
BO executed vould bconme cnnftscatad. Others hsve suggested that there was some relationship 
between Ahab and the family of Habolh, It seonia unnecoBsaty to seek for reasons in such a 
ease. Where so muoh had been done unlawfully, and a life, or perhaps several, taken by false lO- 
cusatlon. It would be a amsU matter Xa seize on the Rroond without uiy plea of law or kinship. — 
Cambridt* BMi. And Ahab was pleased with what had been done, and sprang up fivm his 
bed, and went to see Naboth'a vineyard.— JoMpAtu. Tbere was oert^nly no time lost by Ahab. 
His entry on the ponesslon seema to liave been nude the very next day iSUt Naboth's death. We 
learn afterward (3 Kings B. £5J that Jehu and Bldbar rode with Absb st the time, and so appalltn; 
waa the curve which Elijah pronounced on the wretched king that It was imprinted on Jehu's 
memory and he oould quota it many yeua afterward apparently in Its very words.— £«nijy. 

Baema docs Bol always leal to haprliMa. Bee lu-nsnunoiW. 

Relriballean*DalljMl»wiilB. See It. 


Feb. e, 1891. LESSON VI. 1 Kings 81. 1-16. 

prfde hs Ulnlu ta Om iiorJd miut yield to Ui wlU, and baUa U.MXU blin who IndepeodeoUr ud 
raHjJnteti uiOwIda Us liffbla Mt*liul blm- 
ggJl MM M ■aJwrufUoBlmhlttllftba polwn, vtilch exleods UroDKboOt all locMQ, «V«II to 
the low«rt rank ; no example 1* n powerful Upon all cUnea of aodeU' 


Worldir priMperftr doea not aati^. Ver. 3.— Galtgulii, -with the world at his feet, 
*■■ n»d with a loo^ng fur the moon, and ooald he have gained it Che imperial Inoatio wonld 
hare coveted the sun. 

"Ona should think," Mid I, " that the proprietor of all (hi*" (Keddleatone, the sent of Lord 
Sousjleld) " miut be happy." "Nay, sir," said Johnson, " all thia eiclndea but one eri) — poT- 

The danger of wealtli should Ceaoh DonCeDtoieDt in a humble state. It is related of Pope 
I^n* V. thai when dying he cried out deapidiingly : " When I was in a low oooditioQ 1 had 
■ome belies of salvation ; when I waa advanced to a cardinal I greatly doubted it ; but amce I 
came to the popedom I have no hope at alL" 

Poverty ia the wont of mnefa, avarice the want of every thing. 

Sank and riclie*, tfaougli ohaiTu of gold, are, notwithstanding, still ohaina. 

A man that will not do well In hie present plaoe because he long* lo be higher is fit ndther to 
be where ha in nor yet above It — BacAtr. 

Natore il satisfied with liul«, grace with leas, but ambition with nothing. 
Can wealU] aire happiness 7 look rotmd ud see 

W« hold our rtghts dinct f^om God. Ver. 3.— When the lettara patent were 
delivered to Boy HoDonnell, of Duolooe, from Queen Eliiabeth, oonfliming his title to his castle 
■od cetotea, he drew his iword, and, haotiog the parchmtnit ia pieces, thrust it into the fire, in- 
djgnantly declaring that the lands he bad won by the sword shoold never be held by a sheepskin. 

A king of Spain wi>hed to build ■ pavilion ona field near bii garden, but the owner reflned to 
sell. The king leiied the field and the woman oompluned to a judge. One day the brave Judge 
came to the Ung in the field, and, having Hlled an empty sack with earth, bcunbly implored the 
king to aid him in putting It on hia hone. The king coniteoaslj attempted, bat let it fhll, com* 
ptuning of itH great weigbt. " It is only a small part of the ground thou bast wrested &om thy 
>ub}«t," said the judge. " How, then, wilt thou bear the weigbt of the whole field before the 
great J odgo ) " The field waa rwtond. 

A Welshman suspeoled of ndicallsm by the British government was watched by spies. 
Knowing thla, he wnipped up a book in paper, wrote on the back of it In large letters, " Teb 
BiauTa or UaK," and placed it in the window. A government agent parohaaed the book, and to 
hia chagrin found a copy of the Bible. 

While some one was praising the honesty of human nature before a famoua Scotch divine, 
the latter laid, " Hoot, hoot, mon, human nature is a rogue and a soonndrel, or why should ii 
pecpclually stand in need of laws and relliipon I " 

Better to be wronged than wrong ; let it pass. 

Ood betneod us, OS oar caOM Is ]ust.--SI)(il(e>peare. 


1 BaNGs 21. 1-16. LESSON VI. Fiest Quaktkb. 

The weakneaa of ivlckednesB. Ver. 4. — A young tbllow who prided hioiBelf OQ bi* 
BOOoeai as * nolorioos turner was expaU«tiiig on the qukUficiUionB necessvy to a peHact debauehea. 
Having asked tlic opinion of a good man present ho received for reply : " Yon have omitted the 
two moot important ones, namely, an eKcewively weak head and a thoroughly bod heart." 

A very shallow iitream will aufflce to drown one if he lies proatrnte in it. And the desire 
of the smallest gain <an b» thoroughly drown in pordlUon di If tlio ohjeut of cupidity irere the 
wealth of Crcasus. 

laths thbls the tail of the snake gained precedence of the head and led the way in tbe cnial- 
nre's journeying. Being quite blind, tbs new guide dashed against stonee and trees, and ai last 
drowned both ibnlf and the head in the river of death. Not less foolish or lotal is the oouree of 
the nun who pves la his buer nature supreme control. 

1 dan no mora fret than curse or swear.— WftUj). 

Miserable lo the aCate of tbe ood aouls who Ilvad 
AboTB iDtamy andbetteatti prulae. Heaven 
B^ecta them that tbej may not alur lu beauty. 
And hell does dm want ibem. Tb» world tioa 
Not ka|« tbe meoM>TT of tbem ; do not talk 
M tbem— look! and pan on.— Dante. 

U weakoeM oiar excuse, 

Wbat murderer, what tralior. paMeldn, 

Incssaiousi aacrUegloai, but may pteod tt 

All wlekedmsoa la weakness ; tbat plea, tbereCore, 

With God or man, will (taJn tbss no remission.- WlUoit. 

The power of womttn'R lnflneKc«. Vera. S-T< Napoleon feared ICadame de StaSl 
more than an army of one hundred thousand men. Baid he, " She carries a quiver full of arrows 
tbU would hit a man tiiongh seated on the rainbow." 

The worst kind of Mnners ore those who help to moke other slnnen. 

Hoie than one woman goes to the making of one nun. The mother moken the nun, perhaps, 
but the wife manufiuturee him. — Jfin ClmiUoid. 

Wbera is tbe man who has the power and ikllL 

To Mem tbe lorrenl ot a woman'i will F 

Tor It she will, ahe will, you ma; depend ont ; 

TIs woman, woman rules ns still.— Voors. 

8tw Rave me eres, she gave me ears. , 

And bamble cares, and delicate fean, 

A bwrt. tbe [nnntaln of sweet tears. 

And love and tbousbt and Joy.— ITardnmrtA. 

Appearances decelTC— A king ntar be but a tool. Ter. 7.— I stood in a ohssee- 
monger'B Btore, and, being in a Sdgety huuior, 1 slightly struct; a fine cheese in the window with 
my slick. To m; surprise It gave out a metallic sound. Its crockery jingle led me to the correct 
conclusion that I had diaoavered a sham. — i^Hrgton. 

A traveler showed Lavoter two portnuts— one of a high way-man, the other of Kant, the phi- 
lOKopher, Hs was to disUnguish between them. I^vater took up the foimsr and aoid, '' Here 
is the true philosopher — penetradon here, rafleotion there," etc Turning to that of Ou philosopher 
he said. The eolm-thlnking villain Uao strongly marked in his ftee it needs no comment. 

A famous picture, when viewed from a distance, represented a holy fHar with a book belbie 
himoiid bonds creased In devotion. Cloee inspection showed tbe supposed book was a punch- 
bowl, into which he was squeezing the juice of a lemon. 

The king who delegates his power to other hands bat ill deserves the crown he wean. 



LESSON VI. 1 KtNGs 21. 1-ie. 

Bow Utile do Uwr lee vhU U, «lio tnmc 

How nuDj eowardsi wboaa beun are lU u false 
A> sUln ol MkTHl, do wear upon Uielr ctalo* 
Tbe tiearda of Hercolea and fravnliig HarSi 
Wba, iDward nardi'd, have Ufen wblte ai milk.— SAohopearc. 
Great Uilent devoted to wronc or nielew ends. Ven<S-IO.— Alexander the Oratt 
de*;dsed iisele» fuita of deilority. While othen lavished admiration on amao whose ^rf<wu the 
throwing of tnull peaa through the eje of a needle, he ordered him a present suitable to his 
tiuplof ment — ■ baakec of peon. 

A olergj'raan spoke at a acbool axamina^oD on the duty of training uploTsl dLiiens. Durinct 
ths (iddreea he asked, as he pirinted to a large Hag hanging on one ude the room, "Bo]rs, what is 
that flag for I" One eielaimed, "To hide the diit, sir I" 

I knoir a miniater who la gnat upon the ten toea of Che beaat, the myatical meaning of 
badgers' alcin, and the fbur bees of the chemMm, but he never touchea on the alna of bouness 
men. He remind* me of a lion engaged In a nioiwe-huut. — Hpurgtan. 

Orinisfaaw thus reproved a ladj who exprened admiration for a gifted but Inoanslstent minit- 
lar: " Hadam, I am glad ;oa never saw Che devil. You so esteem talent without sanotity you 
might hll in love with him." 

If any peiwra were mentioned tt> Oraj, the poet, as a man of ability, he always ssked, "la he 
good fbr any thing ) " 

Worth makes ^te ICan and want of it the Felloiv. 

BODOr and sbama from no oondltlon rlae^ 
Act well yoor part J ttiere all ibetwaor lies.— i^)pe. 
Talents ansel.brtgbt 
If wanOiiit worth, are ahlnlng lutnunmla 
In false ambiUon'* band, to flolsb faults 
lUDStrloiis. and gl*e latainj renown.- Foung. 
When codllneaa la wMitUc JnaUca will be violated. Ter. 13.— Lord Barrington 
once asked Collins, an infldel, how it was that he took snuh care to have his servants attend ti> 
church rq^nlarly ) lie replied be did It to prevent their robbing or munleiing him. 

An inlldel would be guUty of any csime, if he were inclined to it Jehnion, 

A ship was wrecked upon the reeA of an ialand In the PadSc Fearing the inhabitanti ware 
MTsges a sailor climbed a cliff to rsoonnoiter, and soon shouted, " Came on I Hero's a churoh '. " 

A lawyer going ■wen boasted he would locate where there were no churches or Bibles. He 
fbond nich a place, but before a year wrote a clvw-mate to come out and start preaching, adding, 
"A place without Bibles and Babbatha is too mucli like hell for any living man to stay in." 

Snceees does aot aliraya briag happiness. Ters> IS, !•• — Success I* fhll of promiso 

till men get it ', then it is a last year's nwt fmni which ths bird has flown. 

When Timon, ftnicd for his mi«nlhropy, saw Alclbiade« conducted home with honor from 
the plaoe of assembly, he did not shun him as ho did othen, but, nhaking him by the hand, Bald: 
"tio on, my boy, and prosper, for yonr prosperity will bring on the ruin of all this crowd." 

Jolin Jacob Anlor, the millionaire, who raieed hlmselffrom poverty, when on his dying bed 
asked for paper and s penall and wrote, " Hy life has been a failure." 

Ivy cUugs to wood or stone and bides tbe mln that It feeds upon.— CouiMr. 
Look to tbe halm, good master ; many a shoal 
Marks this alera coast, and rocks wbere Mti the Mren, 
Wbo, lite ambitton, lorea men to their ruln.-Scoft. 
Beware what eartb calls hapjilneea ; beware 
All joys but iof» that never can eiirire : 
Who ballds on MM Iban an Immortal taw. 
Ibod as be sMmSi condemns bis ]oy lo death.- Fouiifr. 


I Kings 21. 1-16. LESSON YI. First Qitabtob. 

Retribution vill ■anilr rollow BiK>— A biibopsiiid to LouliXl. of Fnutee, " Make an 
iron cage for those who do not think u we do— on iron caifo Iti which the cap^ve can ndther lie 
down not stand upright." AAsr a while the bishop offended the king, and for fouiteea j'ein he 
waa conttaed In that Muae oa^te. — Taimoft. 

In ■ Soottiah castle a man mnrderad a joung iHidegrootn at whoea muriage festiviUas he had 
Just aaaistad. The assaaaia took lione and fled throng tlie wooda. Noxt nioming be emerged 
th>m a thicket and fbund hlnueir in front of the caatlo whence he Iiad fleii. lie wu captnred and 
condemned to death. 

A bog of gold wait tOaad bound round the neck of u robber who hod stolen it (Vom a steamer. 
Bia treasure sank him. 

PJale iln wltli gold. 
And the taaag lance ot JiuUce taurtloH breaia II.— Shahopeanc. 


There are in this leMontburplotune with which ilie (mchiagfi of the slor; majhecc 

1. Kkboth Hid Alub. Vera. 1-E. Notice Naboth'a aturdf independence, the spirit of » 
tne dUaen agoiDst a king. It would show that the old eonatitotion of the oommoawaBlth waa 
atill reoognliad, and that Che people poaicaaed rights upon which not even a king could lr«apasa. 
Kalxith naea the name " Jahorah," and shows an loqaaiDtanoe with the law of Hoaaa, wbieli sug- 
f[esl> that he waa one of tho seven thousaod who had not bowed Ihe knee to Baal. 

S. JUutb and Jambti. Vers. 1-T. Ahab was not ao aggressively winked us he wsa weak in 
dhsractar. When with Elijah he was dominated bj Klljah's stronger pemonality ; and when with 
Jezebel he yields to her influenoe. Jeiebel was the power behind the throne. Notiea how 
completely she governs Ahab. In the last lesaon we asw that even El^ah, who fbared no (me elMi 
dreaded her power. 

S. Jaaabal aad ITkboU). Ven. 8-14. If any evidence were required to show the absolute 
power of Qoeen Jaaebel in Israel, and tbe entire laok of moral prindple among the ruling classaa, 
thia event prove* it. Tall the ntoiy, and let it p<rint its own moral. 

«. Alub In bl» VlMranl- Ven. 15-19. Dnoribe King Ahab walking through hla vIim- 
yotd when Elijah appear* in sielit. Include fn the laseon vanes IT-lt), with tbe prophet's warn- 
ing. Find tlum i KingH in, B5, M, wlio were wltnesaea of this interview, and liow the propbef ■ 
predloUon waa ttalflllad, not on Ahab himself, but on the body of hi^ son. 

8. As an ap^lofttlon of tha laason, som up tbe sins of Ahab and Jenbel. I.) Cbntowa- 
nm. Explain both what It la not, what it la, and how it was manifbaled. i.) DiKmUtiU. 
Ver. 4. CoTstousDaas genarally breeds sn tmhappy, dlisatiified spirit. S.) Coa^lniey. In wfaidi 
Ahab was an aooaaeory after the Ijutt, if not before. 4.) Htpocritg. For oil thbi was In the aacnd 
name of religion. " Thou didst blaapheme Oodl" wsa one charge againstNaboth. 6.) Mvrdtr. 
Show to what crime ocTetousaeas may lead. How often, eveo now, desire tbr the property of 
another ends in murder. 

e. Show Inoondn^nirlUituiDttMfMlnMwaaAlub'swlokedsndesTOT. Heobtained 
Haboth's vineyard, butaee what wretoliedness he obtained with it : guilt, rebuke, foreahodowlng* 
ofdoom, andadread of divine wrath. It is add that a duke <rf Austria once hired some men to 
innrdsr an enemy, and then paid them In oounteribit txAn, saying, " False money is good enough 
Ibr &lae knaves." 8o Ahab was paid when he sold himself to work evil. 

1. TO SFBOLUi BUJUULflll. — " The Valley of Jeireel," Stutut, StHoi and IhUtUnt, 
>as, S84. " Pork and Palaoe of Jeireel," Stahlit, SiHai and JUoMu, Ul. *> Jezreel viable from 
Carmel," Brutur, Sinai and I^Uutint, MT-t4» ; ■> Naboth'a Vineyard," SrAHLir. Jtwuh Ckarck, 
il, M4^50. " Naboth," Oiina, Hourt K«i thi Bitlt, U, 91, 93. " Jezebel's Scheme for the I>e- 
aCroctlon of Nsboth," Toci, Umdbook of l>\fficitUia, 2Bt. " Ahab's Sickness,'' BoaiBra, 
OritHtal IHattratiom, 909, SIO. " Savage Dogs in the Eaot," Tristbau, A'atural SUtoiy <if lU 


Tkb. e, 1891. 


1 ZtNGS 21. 1-16. 

JIUe.n. " The Nui» of Omri, the father of Ahab, on the Famous MoaUte gtnne," Bawubboh, 
SUorual ISwtntioiu of Old Tattrntnt, HI, in. " Ahab'i Name on tbe AmjtIui Black 
Obellak," Ravlumoit, Bi^orieal lUutrationt iff Old Tutamtnt, IST; Ravlimmit, Arndrta 
MdnarelUa, It, «T«. ■■ The Hoablto Btone " and " The Blach Obeliak," MtClintcek A Stron^t 
Oj/tiepaditi. " Procuring False Witoenei," BUlieai T^inffi A'ot Gmtraitf/ Knovm. 

a. TO BKKMOK8 ASD ASDBXBBBB.— iRihxA'* vinti/ard, W. U. Tavlob. Ahai 
and A'aMi, Cahok Kihoslet, Stmom on tJu Tinm, 168. Aiat and ^ijai, A. Maclaheit, 
U. P. lAMmB, O;tford Lent Sermoni. 

LESSON VII.- February 15. 

ELIJAH TAKEN TO HEAVEN. — 3 KiNoa 2. 1-11. 

: ftnd he mti not; for God took 


TntX.— 896 B. C. The insertion of this incldetit hera would qipear, tmta 
3 Chron. 91. IS-IS, to be a depaitare Aom itricC chronotogical order. Jehoeh- 
^* W"^ aphat, King of Juil^ ia Btill alive, and in the next ohapter wo phall find an aoooant 
) * / 1 of hia expedition in coiyuiiction with Jehonm of larael agaiost tha Uoabitea. In 
' B paiMge Jmc dt«d, however, the ohroniclei telle of ■ letter whieb Elijab sent 
Jehonm of Judah (the son of Jehoahapbat) evidently after hia fnther'a death. 
ihoram had aaoended tbe thiDne of hia bther, and had alaln alt bia brethren with 
a BwordjBiid waa walkiDsinthe waya of (be northem kinga, of tbe house of Abab. 
Tbe letter waa to warn blm of the punishment which awaited hia evil daeda. The 
t have been dead before one brother would alaj tbe riMt of the tkmilj. 
Tin margin of the Aatboriied Vonion io S CliroD. SI. IS deactibaa Elijah's letter 
"writ bofore bia death," spparentij with the meaning that it waa prepared b; 
propbvtio foreknowledge, and sent b; aome one else wheu the time came that its 
-wvning waa needed. It seema mueh more likely thai the compiler of Kings decided to make 
Ikia biatory of Elyuh comriete before be went on to other matteia, and has by so doing put the 
Inal Boene of the prapbct'a earthly life a little earlier tlian ita obronolngicai place in the hivtoty. 
— C^nbridgt BibU. The folloiring evoot oertainly belong* to the lime after tbe daalb of AhaaiaH 
■(ebap. 1. IT), and probably to the baginning at the rdgn of Jahoram, for with the \9tii venui Che 
public aiitiirity of Elialia benliia; that la, the ttme when he atepped into tha place nf Eljjah, and 
«(Dod at cha head of the propheta. The war with tha Moatritae, In which Elieha aaaome* v> 
Impoitant a poaition (comp. chap. 1.) moat bave began aoon after Jehonun's aucceauon to the 
throne. Chap. 1. 1.— Zoh;^ 

FZiAXIBS.— 1. OUsal. Thia Qilgal cannot be Identical with tha plane of that name on the 
-Mat of Jericho, where Joabua lint enoamped after paa^ng the Jordan (Josh. 1. 19), bat the modem 
Jiljilik, oa a lofty eminenoe about half-way between Jeruaaletn and Bliechem. Hero, in Elijab'a 
time, there aacma to have be«n a sohool of the ptopheta. — Tirry. 3. Betliol. 3. JerlCbO. 
4. nie BiT«r Jordan. B. Tha regioii barond, the " land of Oilead," which waa El^uh'a 
birtliplaoa (t Kings IT. I), aod whither we fliid the prophet's flnttlight directed (1 Kings IT. SS), 
became the scene itf bia aacen^on. 

BITIAB8.— 1. Jehonm, grandson ofAliab, King of Isrsol, 9. Jahonun, eon of Jehoahk- 
phat. King cJ Judah. 

oon H WUSm O IiUTKB.— Ahab, "whiob did sell bimaelf to work wlokedDcas in the 
■ifllit of the Lord, whom Jeiebel bifi wife stirred up, and who did very abominably In following 
idola," nema to have beoome penitent in his later years \ he waa killed in a war with the Syriena 
em B. C. He was sucoeeded by his son Amaxlah, who died 8M B. C. Shortly after the death 
<tf tfaia king, and tbe aooeiaion of his son Jqboriun or Joram, came the eventa of our leseon. 


2 KiHGS 2. l-ll. LESSON VIL Fibst Qlahteo, 

1 And it came to pasB, when the Lord 
would ' take up E-li iah into heaven b; a 
whirlwind, that E-li jah went with B-li'- 
shft * from Oil'gaL 

L Asd it came t« pass, when the Lori> 
would take up B-li'lnh by a whirlwind 
into hearen, that £-U'jah went with. 

I. THE JOtTHNZIT. V«i>M 1-8. 

1. Whan tha Iiord would Uka Jip t"*]"^ 

— Tbero vuia tettime In Jehornli'a purpora wbca. 
this great mincle Bhould be wrouglit. It no aa 
event or Importance to all a^tCB. Into haavan — 
liilemWy, lAt luainnt. Into what heaven ) Dock 
it merei; mewi tbe sky, vliare the birds fly and 
the clouda toatt That would be s ni]ipceitioa 
unworthy of Che fubllme traOBactioD. The only 
rational incerprctation of the worda inrolvei tha 
doctrine that Elijuh aacended to the heavenly 
abode of the auinta of (iix\.—Ttrry. The IIo^ 
hrewK believed there ven tlinw haavcna, in die 
Ii1p1ic*t of which wu Qod's throne, A. whirl- 
wind— A Htorm, a lempeaL Thi* waa the imme- 
diate inatru mentality or agent by which be wan 
taken up. The writer uaes the word which niuat nearly dcecribee the numlfeatation of the7« 
heavenly forcea. Human epeeeh must, of counte, fall to convoy a true picture of so eublime a. 
■eeno. — Bibli t'ommtniary. 'Willi ''n'*''ft — Elinha iweme to have hnd a revelation, or at leaet a 
premonition, that his muter vol about <o bo take n a»iv>' fVuni him, and no dread of that final pauting- 
could deter him from Che moumfuljoy of HeeinK nith hlaown even Che lanC inomcnls, and of hearing 
with hia own eara Che Inat worda, of the prophet of <iod.-^SlaiJef. No mention of Eliaha as. 
Utah's companion bi given In the liinlflry heCwecti the ilay of Eliaha'a call and thoM cvcnta. 
Bat in 1 KIngM 19, 21, we read that Eliaha " minlatered unto" Elijuh, and in S Kings S. II, be la 
called " Eliaha the son of Bhnphat, which poured water on the hands of Elijah ; " thut is, who 
performed fbr the aged prophet 'Uch serviceH oa a young attendant oonld yield to bis master. Wo 
niay therefore oonclude that Elialm'a time had been mainly >poDt in Elijah's company.— .£ttAr. 
From Qilsal — See note on Piaoon in Introduction. At the time when he was to be translated 
Elijah was prohebty dwelling among the prophetic body, and pai«cd " from Qilgal " to the other 
two centers, Bethel and Jericlio, that to them he iniglit leave Iho precious inemot]' of a visit on tha 
last day when he was seen on earth. — Laufft. For a meet ferewcll to tlio earth El^ah will go 
vlait Uio schools of the prophcta before his departure. Thcee were in his way; of any part or 
earth they were nearest unto heaven.— .ffi*&ip IMl. 

Tlie dawn oT heaven Is aomeilmcirbreaerD. 8ee IIAOSraATtonB. Vera moods are not to be de- 
pended on; nor are we (o presumptlouslr expect premonlCloas Irom UihI: neverlheleaa It waa DOt^ 
mere poetic tancir (bat led Uiat rare wrlier. BunTBn. lo place Uiu land or Beulah ao near lo the> 
river of death. Not unlrequently la tbe dawn of heavenly tiappluaH clearly seen by aaed ninlt. 
The reward arbeeienftillyeonipeBsatMfarallearilily (rials. BiKlLii'tn'BAIiO.iB. Perfect rvwanl 
and coniplete punishment are unstulnable here. Our sins mar ll"d us out on eartb and oor good, 
deeds be rewarded ; but the dacpeet meaulDs of our moral dedMlona eaouot bn revealed In dme ;. 
and clear bejond iiih richest spiritual Jaj attainable here remains tbe perfect felldCT of heaven. 
TumlBR whirlwinds laio iriiimphal rharlou. Of all Miirma Ibe moat dreaded are cjclones. The 
ruin ItaerwOTl Is complete; but It was bjsomesucbaufu! means Cfast (kid took his favored aemnt 
np to his eternal reward ; and tbe ancient [Ht>pbec's eipcrlenCB may well be taken as a type of later 
providential deaUURs wla mankind. All Is not lost because a storm cornea. That wblcli seenu tO' 
<iorkevll,Bswe11aslhatwhlcl]surai:tauB,1atliesenrantof Uod. Alllorceaof nature are "minister- 
ing spirits," and we are not In believe that Ood has deai-rted us strnpty because a wblrlwlnd oomea. 
Monr a aalnt bas been conveyed to hnveo by Uie whirlwind of Unandsl dlaaster, or of persecution, 
or of acute phydeal dlaeaae, who oould never have got thi're by any chariot more plauaot. 


P™. 15, 1691. LESSON VII. 2 Kings 2. 1-11. 

3 Aiid£-li'jahMdduiitoE-li'eha,TaTTT 2 E-li'sha from Gil'gKl. And E-li'jafa. 

'here, I pray thee; for the Lobd hath Mid unto E-U'elm, Twry here, I pray 

sent me to Betb'-el. Aod E-li'sha sud thee; for the Lord hath sent me hb 

wUo Ahr, At the Lobd liTeth, and a* far as Beth'-el. And E-li'sha stud, As 

* thj soul liveth, I will not lesTe thee. the LoHp Uvetb, and u thr soul 

So they iTeot down to Beth'-el. liveth, I will not leave thee. Bo tliey 

Wblle ottien looffbt to wId tba piiia 
And BUed ibiDnKh bloDdT «u?— fToU*. 
The rtrtM (T dlcMc. hm do not otiaii blander br "botdbur tlwlr petee:" ud It Uwlr , 
reHcenra rtKHild proTs to ' 
for taOudldoa wonti, *ni 
3. TKCrj h(m— Vacan >ee, Id Elijth'i repeUedreqoerttliat Eliduaboald Bta; behind, how 
awliil the immediate taXan appeared ta him, and in Eliabi'i panletenee tbe ftreal lave which the 
disciple fult for bis muter. Elijah, feeling that eoon be was to Maod before Ood, sod wen draw- 
ing new to the gate of heaven, would Rave hit diaciple fhMn tbe light of tbe glory an wbiub nun, 
a* the .Tew ftli, cannot gaze and live ; while Eliohii \i resolved that nothing but (he last neccK- 
^ shall take him from hia maaler'a s\6B.—Cambridgt Siitt. Thu Iiord haUi sent ma— Tha 
whole joatne}' haa been divinely marked out fbt him. — Lamtf. Aa the IiOTd UtoUi, and aa 
thj soul liTeth — The oombioation of the cwa pbraBea impsrta much aolemnit; to tha resolve. 
The* are not UDfteqaeotly fomul apart, Thoa : "Aa the Lord llveth" ocean alone in Jadjr. 
& 19; Bulb 8. IS; 1 Sam. U. S», etc ; and " Aa thj soul Uveth" in 1 8am. 1. U; IT. G5; 
3 Bam. 14. 10, etc. Beaiilea ttie place* in this chapter the douhle form la foond In 1 Sam. SO. I; 
19. it, and i* expressive nt the most Intaniie eamestncH. Elisha's maater may be withdrawn tnuA 
him; be will not be withdrawn from his maater.— Comiriil^ JMbU. El^ah wishad to pay a 
brewell visit lo tha schools of the prophets, which lay on hia way to tbe place of the ssoenaion ; 
and at tbe same time, probably tirnn afeeiing of humility and modeMy, he desired to be in soil- 
twle, where there would be na eye-wltnennea of hia glorificatioo. — Biile CimtiuiiUirg. 
Tbe mcscih frfiTDc abnion. "I will not leave tbw." Bee iLLUBTKAiiaHS. 

TbcT sla who tell as love can die.— Southeu. 

Osla g where Ihe Lerd oeala. When a man koowi he fs obeying God's dimsloa ha 

Detlber fears dot radltales. T.MMiaaDds of laraellles tn those dajg were In appnstienaloD of rotK 

In Judgment, of mlafanunes In their business alWn. Enpb had none of these t 

be was sent be went. *' Van Is immonsl till hia wort la dope.^* 

1U.DSTIUTI0N8. Thii li a good truth 

r teacbera and few p*i«nta who cannot 

I by rememberlDg that atlent aympalfay 

Sec ILLfSTRATiOHR. Hore and more ramiiletely Is the Christian Cbon^ 
IceogntdDg tbe InMlmabM value ot edueaUon. Ii Is tbe only meatn by wlifcb a otau's Intel- 
iMtdsl tatrtt csn be gmtly multiplied. Let us Impraae this truth deeply oa tbe minds of oor 
pupils. Whst tbe BTbools of Ute propbelsdid tor ancient Israel our Itutltutlons of higher learning 
should do tor America. 
<tee step at s lime. ■*Tbe Lord hath sent sent me to Belh-el, ... to Jericho, . . . 1» 
Jordan.*' EH^h may have bad on IndtaUnct nndentsndlnit of what be was lo do, but Ood knew 
Iboend from the beglnnlDg. Noiln bow be reveal* hiB plana. From Horeb lo Abel-mebolab ; 
from Abel-mebidah lo Samaria; from Samaria to the EKron blgbway: thence to Gllgal; from 
GIteal to Bech-el: from Betb-el (o JeFlcho; tram Jerkho to the region beyond Jordan— little by 
Httle tbe pathway Is revealed. Bo ood knows your future, teacher, and Ibetutiire of each oE your 

Deep IQ unfathomable mines 


2 ZlKQS 2. 1-11. 


First Quastkb. 

'8 And ' the boos of the prophets that 
vtr« &t Beth'-el came fortli to E-U'sha, 
and said unto him, Kuowest thou th&t 
the LoKD will take away thjr matter from 
thy head to-day) Ana be said, Yea, I 
know it ; hold ye yonr peace. 

4 And E-li'Jah said unto him, E-li'slia, 
tarry here, I pray thee; for theLoBDlinth 
jsent me to Jer'i-cho. And he aaid, Ai the 
Lord liveth, and at thy soul lireth, I will 
■not leave thee. So the j csme to Jer'i-cho. 

Q And the BOnB of the prophets that 
■tMTW at Jer'i-cho came to £'h'sha, and 
said unto him, Enoweat thou that the 
LoBD wilt take awa; thy master from thy 
head to-day) And he answered, Yea, I 
know it; hold ye your peace. 

6 And E-li'tah said uoto him, Tarry, 
1 pray thee, nere; for the Lobd hath 
«eDt me to Jor'dan. And he said, Ai the 
LoKD liveth, and at thy soul livelh, I will 
not leave thee. And thuy two went on. 

7 And fifty men of the sons of the 

8 went down to Beth'-el. And the 
OOQB of the prophets that were at 
Beth'-el came forth to E-li'iha, and 
said unto him, Knowest thou that 
the Lord will talie away thy nuater 
from thy head to-day) And he aaid. 

tarry here, I pray thee; for the Lord 
hath sent me to Jer'i-cho. And he 
said, Aa the Lord liveth, and as thy 
Roal liveth, I will not leuve thee. So 
S they came to Jer'i-cho. And the 
sons of the prophets that were at 
Jer'i-cho come near to E-li'sho, and 
■aid anto him, Enowest tbou that the 
Lord wilt take away thy master from 
thy head to-day t And he answered, 

here, I pray thee; for tlte Lord h»tti 
seat me to Jor'dan. And he s^d. 
As the Lord liveth, and as thy 
soul liveth, I will not leave thee. 
7 And they two went on. And fifty 

■'•—■■■ I 

8. Tha aena of tlte pnvlwt* *n the pupO* or diMdpla* of the prophetn ; not nrntinnirilj 
-their ■ou in B liUnl MDU. — BUkr, Han, at Clw very place where the calf- wonliip of Jeroboam wm 
'Obiefly obMrred, there eiiited a echool of prophela. Tbdr aeal anil devotion to the tnie God of 
Inael perhap* eerved largely to oounteiact the prevalent idolatry, and ptwervo amoog the hosU 
of the people a fkithfbl aeven thoiuaod. — Ttrrj/. Whether the propbetia body In QDgal 
had been warned before Elijah'e depaitun from tbem that they would ue bim do more ve 
Are ,not told ; but it eeenu highly probable that it waa ao from what in aaid of Bethel and of 
Jericho. Thua Elieha Btarted on hia joomey prepared for what its end would be. Oam* 
Jorth.tiO '*"'»>■« — Tlie solemn event of which they may have been forewarned ohe^atfaeDi ftom 
AddtHiiny Elijah. Mia thou^la molt have been all abeorbeil in meditation oe the reveUtim 
wbigh he wis >o aooa Co experienoe, and heaven, not aartb nor the thlof* of earth, wia in hia 
mind. BHenee when Ood ia ao near I* the only homaito men can pay. — Camiridft BMt. The 
Xord wUl take awiv thy maetor from tllr head to-dar— Soholsn eat at the feet of their 
maiter, who was thoa over their heada. AoM 2S. t. Wo can see fhnn this language that 
the coDmi anion between Elijah and Elisbahad boon moch closer than that which the agedpn^ihet 
had held with the other xma of the prophets. Uenoe he is rather spoken of as Elisha's master 
tlian theira. This is what we should expect from the special way in which Elisha was appointed. 
1 Einga \i, 1ft. Tbs prophetic bodies were, therefore, prepsred to accept Klisha as their head 
when El^oh had been taken away. — Lundiy. The soparaUon touched Elisha nearest of all, and 
was more important for bim than for any of the rest. — Lanft. Hold tb toot peaoe — The 
•ubjsct Is too solemn for words. 

4, 5,e. Jarloho— The laniest mly in the valley of the Jordan. Jordaa— The journey tends 
across the river to that put of the oounu-y whither Elijali had at flrat fled for fear of Ahab.— 

7,8. VlAy man — It is aurprisuig tooome at one single center upon so lame a body of men de- 
voting themselves to a holy life Id the ecrvioe of Jehovah while Ahab'a children are etill on tho 
throne. It would almost appear as though all [or meet] of those who were true adherents of the 
Lord bad betaken themselveeto this life of retirement to escape from the evils which followed so 



Feb. 15, 1891. LESSON VII. 2 KiNoa 2. 1-11. 

propliets went, and stood 'to view afar 
off; and they two stood b; Jor'dao. 

8 And £-li'jah took his mantle, and 
vrmpped it together, and smote the 
waters, and thej * were divided hither 
and thither, so that the; two went over 
on dry ground, 

S And it came to pMB, when the; 
were gone over, that Xf'liiah eaid unto 
E-U'tha, Aak what I ihaU do for thee, 
before I be taken awaj from thee. And 

men of the sons of the prophets went, 
and stood over against them afar off: 

8 and tliey two stood by Jor'dan. And 
B-ti'jah took his mantle, and wrapped 
it together, and smotethe wateni, and 
tliej were divided hithei aad tliither, 
M that tliey two went over on drj 

ft gronnd. And it came to pass, ' when 
tbej were gone over, that £-li'Jah said 
tiDto E-li'sha, Ask what I shnll do for 

. thee, before 1 be taken from tliee. And 

(hick ia th« train of the wontaipof the BMi\im.—Ganiiridg4 SOU. Went, and stood to view 
—Probably on an elsTation, traa wlilch they oould see whether and lu what way the departing 
cHiea would Ret over Jordan at e, plam wbora there «m do ananoenmit for croMim. They fol- 
lowed out of uixlflty, not that they might be eye-witnenca of UiB temoval of theirmuter, for, 
■ooording to venw 10, It vw not oertun thM even ELiaha, who Moampuiled him, would see tliia. 
They were vitneHea only of that which ia namled in verae i.—Jlahr. They two stood by 
Jordan —Elijah's iwt doty was a tcet ef hie apiriCual Hrength. Ho waa to boild for liimieif, by 
■n (ot of bilb, the path to hiaglorioua end, and »o impraaa indelibly upon tlie Iiaarts of hisfrionda 
and foilowen that no other way than faith in Ood'a promieea lewis to the hiKhar and better 
inbeiiMnoB ui light.— If miwi. Kantle— His sheep-akin, saya the S^uaginL The ekina of 
benta, dmaedwith the hair on, were formerly worn tiy propbeta ood prieeteas the aimpie ineignla 
of their oflice. Aa Uia Bvil authority was often lodged in tbe iiands of such pereqn*, partiouiarly 
among the Jews, icantlaA of this hind were used by kings and high dvil officers when they tmre 
no aacnd chunuter. The custom oontinaee to the preaeat day : a 1wBl>'s-ekin liood or cloak is 
tiie badge whioh certain gndoata in English Qnivereities wear ; and the royal loboe of kings and 
great oUicen of State are kdomed with the skins of the animal called the crmlDe.— Cteri^. 
Wiappad It tocatbar — Making thus a >ort of roll or rod, and reminding us by Ida action of 
lloeai, who amote with liia rod the waters of the Nile (Eiod. T. IT, 10) when they ware to be 
tnmed into blood. — Lunibg. The miraculous power is no more aClaohed, In any tne^oai way, to 
Elgah'a mantle than it was to the statT of Hoaes ; but it is the prophaUc oaltiDg wtiioh Qod has 
aimsd with rach power for the attainment oC ins ends, aa was shown immedistsly aftarwsrd in 
tbs case of the successor and rsprHeiitodve of Elijah. Comp. vera. 14, 18, eta. — Lange. 

Ha eawaele eaa Uater fiua or fiod'i rhliaren- Bee iLLiTSTaiTiOMa. On tbe oUier side 
ot Una Jordan Is tbe place ot tlw BlorfOcatlon ol the prophet. Betweea blm sod this spot tbere 
OowB a Imad and deep stream. lUraagti tills he DiuMgo. There 1* do bridge, no (enr-msa ; but 
ke dees not deaiialr. Tbe God wbo bu called bin to the other side will help bim thitber. Bucti 
n tbe pUgrtmsge <d lUe. No stream ta so deep, and do Dood or calamltr so 
ti lead Uirougli It aalianDad. The pmpbe^mantle, which to-day, as 
o Jordan, dlTldes Its wstss, Is talth— strong, glad, living, rock-Onn fslth. 
m Dood.— IFfrth, 
IP Idea MnM| lUi ibe cm4 af life. Ter S. Bee iLLOaiaATIONB. lUJah'a Itagerlug 
amonff the sdwolsadlM propbets Is Indlcatlre oE bti tastes. It Mot dial ImpcrtsDce that In the 
(onnatlTe period of life tbe pmper Ideas and pretetenoa should be Bxed. What a yoang msn and 
a yoang woman are betweep fllteen and twenty-live, tbey will be. In all bnman probabUlly, durltw 
Ibe twi teeade of Ibeir Uvea. 
«•< iaras all slaaMlBrModis laia eaepplat ateaes tot his pnrMeaee. Ter. S Tbe Jordan 
and lbs Dead Sea, whkb are men's fnutlen and boundary llnee, are God's psltawsfs. The arid 
rocfcs an br him turned Into louotatns. and those things which to human [orulgfat would seem to 
■DBTsntee destruction are made vehlelei of cboloest blealnai. 

IL TUB RBQUB8T.— Vanaa 9, 10. 
0, 10. Aak what IshalldofbTthaa— SpokenbyaspirltoRl father to one whom be regards 
ss a son. Eliaha had msintuned his attaohment, love, and fldelity to the very end. "Bvtof I 
bttakonaway— Noticeable words, never to be cited as s support of the Roman Cstholio dogma 



2 KtSGS 2, 1-11. 

LEssoK vn. 

First Qdaktkb. 

S-li'sha ulil, I pnj thee, let a 'double 
ponioD of thy apirit lie upon me. 

10 And he laid, ''Thou hast uked a 
bard thing: TietertAtlttn, it tboa Bee ' ate 
when lam taken from thee, it iball be so 
nnto ttaee; bgt if not, it ahail not be •». 

apptareA *a chaiiotof fire, and bones of 

E-1i'Hha (aid, I pray thee, let ' a doable 

10 portion of tby spirit be npon me. And 
he laid, ThoQ hast aakedabaid thing: 
neeerthdett, if thou aee me when I am 
taken from thee, it ahall be ao unto 
thee; bnt if not, it aball not be ao. 

11 And it came to paaa, as tbey still 
went cm, and talked, that, behold, 
th«re appeared * a chaiiot of fire, and 

of tlie effeetoil medistian of the aunbi hi hcaran. — liOKft. Tbe deputing Elijali oonKsDaalj 
csiTws Willi bim inlo heaven the «7mp*thiei aod menMniea of earth. After his depaitnre be will 
be DO leu Elijah than before, and he will tecoember and thiak of Eliaha no leu tlua Elirhs will 
«f bim ; but there will be no moie penotud eommomon between them \ uid m what Elisli* baa 
b> nk miBt be asked before Elijah drpaitf, for there may be no reqnots made of tlie salnta sfta* 
Ibey are Jtone fiom earth. — Ttrr]/. A donbla porlian — Ellaha aaka, like a llnt-bora aon, for a 
" double portion " of that aplritual power vhich waa in the trunt khh Etijah'a richta. Accord- 
ing to tbe Hoasie law (DeuL SI. IT) lbs flrst-bom son received, of what the bUier leR bdiiod, 
two paita i twice aa morh as the other lona received. EJiaha hegn that Elijah will nxfard lum sa 
his firet-bom. — Mir. Tlie altempla which have been made to show that in aome waya Bieha 
sorpsaaed Elljab are utterly pointlemi. What Eliahnlonga foria lo be fall heir to the prophetie 
offianand p(u of his mauler. — Van^ridft SHUmtid BiiU Caoimintarg, A baid thins — Ab ex- 
traordinary blcaaiuc which I cannot, and Uod only can, (^ve. Xevertheleaa he, doubdtas by the 
nnreoordad direction of tbe Bpiril, propmed lo Elisha a sign, tbe olwervation of which woold keep 
him in tbe sttitude of an Kniioua waiter sa veil ss aappliaot for tlie fkvor. — /aaMMm, FmiokI, 
andSrov*. Bnt Elijah's preyer lo God might be largely inetruiDcntal in procuring itasadivina 
ipft to Blishs. The fervent prayer ( Jaa. 5. 16, IT) that bronjcht sbundsnt tboweis ftom hcaveB 
(1 Ein^ 18. 4S-16)mi|^t alio bring giltaof tbe Spirit. Tbe passage dearly shows that Elijali 
waa to be somehow inatnunental in procuring for Eliaha hi* desire. — Ttrry. IT. . . Uahallb* 
ao — Elijah means to say : If it is granted to thee alone, of all the sons of tbs prophets, to re- 
main with me until my removal, and to he a witoeai of it, then thou nutyest know, by this tael, 
that thou art to continue tbe prophetical wo^ which I have begun, and which I most now 
abandon, and then shslt tboaalso reodve that mcaaureor the prapbetic^apirit of which tboo bast 
sJ for this wnrk. — Bahr. 

H of aoloo tbej sUI laUlate, ant d 

7 an tmilatlae— (be gMdj and aell-lnduliient. or 
Hi Gait-t^v1Iit[7alid llcaUed upon to ~ 

duose— Ute Uifnaa ot tlila ftecUnjt world, or Mrllual and bUTenl j thlaos T Time was unlj oc 
beir ol EIUaa'B propbetlc power— prrtiatie beca 
SplrlUalUe^BinarcttaettAsfUod. Ver. 10. See iLLCSnUTIOM. 
EartklT •>«*u*^keae*e(*a. Ver, 9- Bee UlxaTRATIOXa 


I 11. 

11. A chariot of fire, andhoraea of flf* — Predsely what tbe dunnider meant us to under- 
Btand by this verMi has been a source of controveiay. The beat commentstore differ in their under- 
standing of the details. The great bauJ fatt is not in dispute that Elijah was removed from earth 
by a miracle. Some tiright effulgence, tbe eyes of tlie speoaton, reaenibied these otgeeta. 
— BAU (hnimtulvy. These horses and chariots were OTeations of the spiiitosl world ; a part of 
that divine machinery by wbich tiod oonsnmmates the porpoaea of bin wisdom snd providenoe. 
There sre not only angels io heaven, bat horses and chariota ready Ui do the bidding of tb« Host 


Fkb. 15, 1S91. LESSON VH. 2 Kisfis 2. 1-1 1. 

fire, And puted them both aumder; and horses of 6n, which parted th^m both 
E-li'jah went up b; k vhirlwind into ssander; and E'li'jnh went up by a 
heaTen. whirlwind into heavan. 

High, Tb'm beaTenly WKna which Eliihik witDoaned vaa no h*llu(»n>tiao, nor ware the chariot 
and hona of lira a men ideal STiDbol aecn onlj in Tiaion, like tba lining cnaturea vMoh Enkiel 
aa<r bj the river Chebar <Eiek. 1, S-11), Init tboy had actual existence in the ■piritusl irorld, and 
were only a part of that vaat best, the aound of wboee moTements David once heard over the 
mnlbcnr-lrMa <> Sam. S. M), aiid who at a later time filled the mountaiiu round ahoot Eliiiha. 
Chap, t, IT. Why ahould we doubt this aa a bet of the onwen worid when we are (old (Pw. 
<S. IT) that Iha eharioCs of Ood are two muriadt, rotated limuandt, and they that minUtar 
BDto him aiethonaand thoosands, and thej that atond berore him ara myriad myrisda. Daa. 
7. lO.—Tfny. 'Wait up by » wliliiwind Into heaTon—The niDnient the flary chariot aepa- 
rMed the two profdMia a sadden tempest broke upon Elijah and carried bini aloft into heaven. It 
■ la not aaid that Hifah weot ap in the flre-obariot, but in the tampeM, the chariot aervinn to 
eepaialo Elijab thxn Ellsha, as if dafliiiDg a bonndary between the earthly and the beavenlj 
■tataa. Il has been nanall* and very natnrally asauned, however, that the tranalated prophet 
—"«"*—' in the chariot, and the oluriot was borne aloft on the winga of the wind. Comp. Paa. 
IIH. 1. The heaven to which Elijah went waa the abode of Ood'a aainto, who rest trom their 
aaitUy labora, bat amplay tbemeelves in higher and holier works tlian it enleis our minda to 
eaiHaive. There he met with Uosea, who bad died and waa buried not ftr from the place vhenoe 
b aivended; and with that elder prophet he afterward deaomded from his baa*aniy home to 
appear to tba three diaeiplas, and to talk with Jeena of Ida exit from the world. Luke >. M, SI. 
Thta translation of E^jah to heaven, and the appaaranoe of the chariot and hoiMa of flie, like 
ether dmilar aventa of Old Tealament ScripCore, teach the exiateaoe of another world beyond ua, 
wiaaen by the natural eye; a realm whose inhabitants and hiararchias aod orden of miniatriea are 
tmnieraga beyond all oomputation. But Elijah entered hit heaven without taa^ng deadi, ot at 
lii^ tiy a marvelooa tfanaformation. The human body, with its earthly modes of lif^ most be 
muuilsd to the beavenly state, and iienae we auppoae, in harmony with other Scriptare, that at 
' the mooieiit of hia separation from Eliaha, Elyah was clianged, aa in the twinkbiig ot an aye, and 
^~*"'— ' with a nnewed, apiritualind body, nude compatible with the nature ot heavenly eiiat- 
oMS. Thoa has ba baooma a repraaentative of those saints who sliall not die, but be changed at 
tbe oaning of the Lord. I Cor. 15. Bl, SS ; 1 Thcxs. i. 17. It is contrary to the evident in^Hnt 
of this Bcoount of El^jah'a departure, and contrary to the teachingi of other Soripturea, toaaauma 
thrt hia body mnat have heoKDa suddenly dccompoeed and disaolvod into dnit, or that it was 
thmwii down ag^n, aa aouio of the eons of the prophetJi thoagfat(ver. IS), onaome mountain, or in 
soiBe valley, a lifalaaa oorpae. Elijah truly ascended bodily lo heaven, )iut hia body underwent 
sodi a a|Mritaalidng ehange ae fitted it tor the heavenly life ; hence oar doctrine that man is all 
ly a« well aa spirit. — Ttrry. 

la flight la HonA, Us meotsl depramloo, am) hi 
■ety wbMwlDdl It la the anlval at their haTcn. and not the sMnns throurt wt 
detamlDaalhanccaBoftbem ~ 


PiCBOBitloas of ■pproaching departare. Ter. !•— Dr. Arnold' a last aufaject given 
to bia pupils Ibr emdae waa, "Tbe laat houae; " the last tranalation for Latin Teraee, Spenser on 
tba death of Sidney ; and the laat words in his lecture on the Kew Testament, " It doth not yet 
apwar what we ihall he," etc 



2 Kings 2. 1-11. LESSON Vli Fibst QyAm-EB. 

Cbarch[ll In tbe nnflniahed Joamtg shoved ■ Mnngs unu or helng near hit end. It 
close* vlth the line: "Ion mj Journey sll done procoeJ ! " The poem vu not niewit to elo*« 
here, but that ith the tut Una h« ever wraW.— Tlnif. 

I beu B Tolea 70a wiuot bear, 
Wbleta mj» 1 miut not mj: 

I KB ■ bud TOO CMDOl «M. 

WhJrA beckon* me nirtT.— TIcfMlI, 
And oomlDjt erenU out tbeir laidom before. — ConipIieO. 

•eeret miulc I ncred tonmia ot Ood 1 

1 bear tbee ealllDfc la ns and I coma.— LcIofUt. 

G«tf'« reward GompcMMlAB for all. Ter. l.~-Amilit«i7genl]Biiunonee add to tn old* 

minuter iQ Scotland, "in liul potrar aver tha peiulon list I would pot 7on on half-paj for your 
fiuthnU MTvloei." The minliter replied, '■ Yonr muter ma; put yon off witli half-pa;, but my 
Hwter will not lerva ma to meanly. I eipeota hill roward." 

Quean Ti(«ona nude her graniLion Albert Yiotor a present it hla chrlateaing. It cooaiHted 
of i aiker statuette of the Prince Conaort. The prince U repreaentad u ChrutLin in cbe JU- 
grbn't Proffr—t wearing the armor of Ood. The qusau'a Juatice to the memory of the hambl* 
Baptist preacher, who wu aeat to pruoii by Cburlaa II., roreshadowa the honor Ood will ooDfbr 
on the worthy. 

There are frreat rewardii like jewel* in a orown, there ura litlle rewarda like diamond-dnrt; 
eiery achlcTement nhail receive ita own oicuure of recompeiui!. 

Qod'i DTumbe are better than Che world'a loaTea. 

BewboBac'd not [nttaeeartblriCrlte, 
From (tranfnb to nreavth adnuiclnif, onlr tie, 
Bb loul well knit, and aU hU baltlea won. 
■ount* to etenud Ufa.— JTaUAew Arnold. 

Tbe streaglli of Irne Kllectiom. Ter. 3.— Colonel Byrd, of YlriiiDla, fbll into th« 

banda of the Cliorokoei and waa condemned to death. In the tribe waa a clilef that had been his 
IVieiid. At the approach of the exccatlonera he threw himaelf upon the Intended vietim wying, 
"Before you can set at my friend you muat killme." 

Theendent Thebaaa had a band of man In their aimy called "tlie holy band," con^llng of 
men from varlooa regfimenta joined in a bond of love, and awom to live and die Ic^iethar. 

When Ifapoleon waa baniabed to Elba tha ex-Empreea Josephine exclaimed, " Napoleon '» 
unfortunate, and alas I I am not permitted to ahara tbe Borrow with him." 

Every lool ought to have ita Weatminatcr Abtiay Into which the vraat good are ad 
Love nla without aword, and blndu without cord.— ^puf^^o. 
rrtendl O ben at trlendi 1 thy abaeoce more 
Tbau the ImpendlDK nlftat darkeni (hn landicape o'er.^Lotifrfallow. 
Tbe trlend) thou baM, and their adoption tried. 
Grapple tbem to thy aout with hooka of ateel.—Sholrurieare. 


Fbb. 15, 1891. LESSON VII. 2KiNa8 2. l-ll. 

Silence i* somellnM the fltlmit •rnpathy. Ten. 3, 5.— A lady viutjng Fusel 
the paiDter chtttad to ovMlavl/ he could Dot gel ■ ward in edgewiw. Wbea >hs p«u*ed ha 
uid, " We h*d boiled matton tnd (umipa for dinner to-day." " What a Btruige obaerTBlion 1 " 
■ha exclumsd. He >«pli«d, " It Is u good as any thinf; jou have eald fbr the lut two hooin." 

When Headelmohn eondnotsd a perftutlf ■rmpaChsCIo hand he would oeose to move his 
haton. Like one enbaneed his epiril ■» gwBjed the moildanB their vibratad to everf palieofhls 
meaning aa if nnder rnqjeetie control. — Bauielt, 

Some Tooki are so flinty that imii wedges and heavy stedgea Isil to Bpliater the atabbom 
man. The mora elfectlve plan ia to out grooves in tbe rock into which irooden wedges aretlghllf 
inaertad. Water is then qipllad (o them, aansing the wood to iwell, and splitting the solid rosk. 
Irom top to bottom. — )C. A. D. 

Like moonlight on a troubled soa, brightcmng the Btorm It cannot adm, 

BilcDDe, wliEii nothing need be sud, ia the elaqnenoe of discredon. — Bove. 

Sflence Id lore betnri more woe 

Than wordsi though ne'er so witty. 

A bentar Uial fa damb jou know 

Mar ebaUenge douUs \U,j.~Slr W. BeltUflv. 

Coold m; arl't Iput, the tale would have an end.— Odmu. 

The T«lae of edBcallOd. Vers. 3, 8, T>— i>r. Jndi<on once said, as be approached 
Ifadiecm Ui^Tenl^, "Iflhad a Ihouaand doltarado yon know wliat I would do with it)" Th» 
poBon asked supposed he would ^ve it to foreign Duaaiona. " I would pnt it into an institution 
like that," pointing to tlhe oollc^. " Planting oollegee u plantmg tted-am/or llu tfortd." 

A. learned dargyuan waa thna acooated byaa illiterate preacher who despiied ednoation. 
I " Sir, yoa have been to college, Ipreaumel" "Yes.airt" wis the reply. " I am thankftil," 
■aid tbe former, " that the Lord opened my month without any kurning." "A similar event," 
tctoited the olergyman, " happened in Balaam's time." 

Knowledge is power. — liacon, 

A good edneation is the best dowry. 

When land la sone and money's spent ; 
Then leamlDR Is nual excellent. 
ThnuRb bouse and land be uerer got. 
Lea nii ng will give what Ibej cannot.— DicfctFis. 

The laatoensm in tbe DnitedBtatea ahowsover 6,000,000 over ton years of age who cannot 
read and 6,fiOO,000 who cannot write. Of the 10,000,000 voters, one in Ave cannot write htsmune. 
Tbera ai« 18,000,000 children and youths, but the average attendance at ochoals is only 6,000.000. 
In U oitiea from fifty to ^hty-two per osnt. of the children of a sohool age are not enrolled. 
New York baa 114,000 riot enrolled, and Chicago is worse. — JoMpi Cook, 

Who lovea not knowMge* who lb 

No obetacle caa klader God or God'a children. Ter. 8^-There Is a legend that . 
Himrod took Abraham and cast him into a ftirTiace of Are because he would not womhip idols, 
bat Oot] changed the ooala into a bed of roeea. 

There is a tisdition among the Indians that Uanaton was tnveling in the inviaible world aitd 


2 Kings 2. l-ll. LESSON" VII, First Quastbb. 

•OaaD upon a hedge of Uioma, theu HBW wild bet U glira apoD him trma Che thiulut, and >tt«r 
a while stood b«faie an impiuHbte river. As he ilolermiDed to prooeed iha thonu turned out 
phBotoms, the wild beaBti u powerleu ghoat, uid the rirer oaljr m phsntom. Wlieo we maich ou, 
obitwitai diuppear. — Tbintagt. 

Look It th^ mountain-aide ! It ie wone Chan perpendicuUr, it overhangs the lake ; jet the 
Tyroleae have carried ■ road right along the bald faoe of the rock by uhiaeliog out a gtoove or 
^lory. With Ood In trout we booq leave diffleultie* In the rear. — Spurgvm. 

ConHciauineaa of divine aid came to StanUf/ aa he WTwtled with aavage hoide* in Che dopllis 
of the AtHoan furaet. He Bays : "Isawl waa cniryiag out a higher will Chan nilne. I endeav- 
ored to steer tn; Dourse aa direct aa poaaible, but there waa an unaccountable inQoence at tba 
helm. Thanka be to Ood for ever and ever." 

When obttaclea and triali aeem 

Uke prlion walb w be, 
I do the UCUe I can do. 

And leave die reac to thee.— FliAcr. 

The BMiter Ide* atrong till the end>— When Oordon, the celebrated Califbmia atage- 
driver, wait dyine, he put hla foot out at Che bed and awung it to and fto. When aaked why he 
<lid BO, lie replied ; " I am on the down-grade and caunoC get my fbot on Che brake." 

Chriacmaa Erane had Journeyed through Wilea with horee and gig for twenty years. In hia 
laat monientx, aa mountain msmorica came over Mm, he waved hia hand and eoid, " ttuod-bye t 

The manhaling of armies waa Sapoleon's ruling paaaion, and In the delirium of hia cloeing 
momenta ho ftn(»ed he waa on the battle-Held looking on and commanding. 

Before Dr. Adam, reotor of the Uigb School, Edinburgh, died hit mind wandered. He 

Imagined himself In his claaa-room, and oalled aloud, " Vow, boys, you may go. It's growing 
dark."— euMr<*. 

Like Che st«tis rolling down the hill-side and Increasing its velocity tjll it plunges into the 
calm lake beneaCh, ao Onsht it Co be with life. The Dearer the end Che busier, UnUl the gmve with 
Ita reat for the weary oloeea over us.— W. A. D. 

While Enocb slumbered . ■ ■ 

Tbere cnioa ■oloudaoalUng of Che sea 

Tbal all the bouses In ttw haven rang. 

Be woks, be rcMt, be upreai] hts arm* ataroad. 

Crying wWh a loud voles, "AMili a Hill 

lam saved;" and so fell tnckand spoke no mote.— HmnvaMi. 
ImIUIUo* ta aoiBetlines the aittcereit pniiie> Ter, 9> — When Augustin Camcci gave 
along discoune in honor of the Laocoun, all were istonished that his brother Annibal said nothing 
of that celebrated masterpiece. The jstlar took a piece of obslk and drew the group ag^nittbe 
wall witli groat ecouraey— a silent paDegyric aurpaaaing mere rhetoric. 

Imitation of the object of woniliip at the higheat form of worship. Many a teacher besides the 
SCoic philosopher has said, " He that copies the gods wonhipa Chcm adequately. " — Maelanit. 

I am a part ol all tbai I have net.— reimvKm. 

To know, to esteem, b 
Hakes up life's Ule to 

Spltilual Influence IVom nnearthly aonrce. Ten. 9, lO*— When a leotuier on 
«le<3triclty wauta to thow an example of a human body surcharged with his flre he obaervaa two 
oonditions : 1.) To place him on a stool with glass legs. This iaolslea him from the earth, so that 
the fluid does not pour through hia fi'sme but ia retained as it eutara. S.) Be is placed In direct 


Feb. 15, 18B1. LESSON VII. 2 Kings 2. l-ll. 

«oaiiwtioD with the >tcn-houMa of alaatiia jtower. Soou yon v« told he bobafged, yet jaawM 
no Bra. Bat putting jonr hind cloee lo hia paraiui aparka ahoot oM. What * leMoa in Mekinc 
^Hiitoal povor I— W. A. D. 

Onog a jear the Nile oTarflowa ila banks. On the extent of the ocsrflaw depends the mea»- 
nra ofthet^iUCj of £gypt. The Nile dependa on the lakaa in the center. of AAioi for ila aopply, 
.aDd tbeie again on the melting of the inow h; the aun'a tt-jt. Bo God U the altimata •Doroe of 
paver. — Spfrgtan. 

Id 1806 the "Cnotion" was perfonned at Vienna. Haydn had lo be wheeled to the 
theater in a ehair. U wia the laiit (liae he appeared In public. Hia preaenoe roused intense 
«iithiaiaam In the •Ddtecoa. TnmitltBoiu applaoM greeted the paaaage, " And Chare wm light." 
Tbaoldaxnpoaerraielohliifeet andiaid, "No! not Avin me, but from heaven oomea all." 

Phyucdl]' we koow this nith is ■ul^eot to the attraction of other pUnete ; the orbit of the 
Torld in apaoe ia datenninad by the power of other warida aoting upon it. This la M Iroe epirit' 
oally ; the ooorae of thia world throujfh time is determined by powers oattlde itself. 

Earthlr ilea mttst b« aerered. Ter. 1 1 •— " I will natora thy daughter lo life afpin." 
id an EiBtem sage to ■ prinoe who grieved Immodetalely over the ioas of a beloved ehlld, 
Mnvided thou art able to engrave on her tomb the namea of three persons who hsve never 

Heaven fiTee ui trienda, to Meai 

Wbo hath not kMt a Mendf 

To erenlnff, but aome heart lUd break.— IVnniiMn. 

I IkAI It Ime whate'er belaU— 

I leal It when I aocrow moat. 

Tb better lo hsve loved and lost 
Than never lo have loved at alL— Ztonnincm. 


1. The aablime KIb of Elijah is drawing to B cloae. Kotioe hia aoliiaTamsiita. Bedealtto 
idelstry a cruahing blow ; fbr, chough Baal worship continued, it never regained its fonner power. 
Be eatablished the schools of Che prophets, whieh fostered the andent religion and tviaed up many 
proplieCs in the sncoeedlng geueritions. He prepared the way for Che levoludon which destroyed 
the house of Omri and eatablished Che house of Jehu upon Che throne. 

3. Hcwtiiuaa dsnundoaw man. The work of Elijah Che destroyer waa flnished, and now 
Die work of Ellsha the builder is to open. Show how different were these two men, and yeC how 
ationg waa Che fellowship becweon them. 

9. '"i^'T't on tha nupthajouniarof Blljah aiidIQlaluf>omOilg*l (not in Che Jordan 
valley, bat in the mountain region), to Bethel and to Jericho. Explain the mMivea and purpose 
-ofthia Journey, and ita opportanitiea for oommunion and for counsel ooncemingCha work dear to 
Inth of the prophet*. 


2 KlNQS 2. 1-11. 



tribe tha mnaikabia puMce of tlia Jozima, vhile ■' the wnt of ths prophets 
stood to view af&r off." What wu tlie sipiifloaniMof thi* >oene) 

e. Notioe Elislu'i reqnett,*!) uiicdioMionof liu character. What would moeC men hava 
BBked for, if suob n privilege had been anxirdedl 

7. Thera ij a alKnlflonoa in SUjsh'a tarwtr, which aeema to meui, " If yoor Bplritual 
lellownbip ia ao dose, and jour apiritual iiuight la ao keen, aa Co aea that whioh is inviuble to other 
e;ea, then jou can laharit m; powsr, and become laj aucoeaaor." Notice that " the sona of the 
propheta atood lo view," but only " Eliaha saw." 

8. ^enptureofUUJKtl maybe taken aa the picture of what talcea place at eveiy Chrtatian'a 
departure, if our apiritualaitiht were aharpeued to behold It. We too m^ aaceud where £li}ak 
waa borne by Cha flaiy M«eda. 


1. T08PaiOIAi8irBJB10TH.---''TnuiBUtion(>fElijah,"STAHL«r,J«wuJ t?l»riA,H, 8M. 
Gbikik, Hour* uritA tiu JtibU, Iv, US. Bhhop Hul, OBnUmjAalion; lix, G. " Hantlaa," 
THOHaoH, Load and tlU Book, 1, 187-170. " The AKenaian of Elijah," Tuck, Bandboot nf 
DifienUU; U8-1S1. " Dividing tba Jordan," Tnci, Bandboot of J>^fimiUi4i, 180. '- Whirl- 
winda in the Eaat," BibUad Trtatury, viil, 1#B, " Elijali," Mkhdkhhall, Ecion /rtim Ibia- 
<tfM, 104-107. "Old TasUment Prophets," UairDEinlALi., Schoa front AIoMiw, 151, ISi. 
"Scenu at the Jordan," Thouiom, i, H». "The Prophet of Fire," J. R. Macddii, SAS-MT. 
" Elijah the Prophet," W. M. T*TLoit, 18B. " Elijah After Death," " Opening the Jordan," 
"8«hooUofthePmphet«," "Double Portions." See UcCliiitock and Stbono, Smith, Abbott. 

2. TO SHRHOITB and ADDBBB8BB.— Vera. 10-13. £Iv'a* a 7^0/ Chritt and BU 
FaUoicert, Suhjicti of th* Day, J. H. Niwhav. Xt^dlCt Autntion, Short IHieovrta, W. Jat. 
Jiaptart of Myak, Bianop Hall. El^ah^t Trantlation to Jfavtn, C. Simkoh. Ficttir]/ ontr 
Dxiih, RoBiBTHH, lii, SM. Hi^pj/ <n L^t and Dtatk, Mokod. Huddm DaUk, Ds. AjuroLD. 
^liritual OifU nol Ditaontimud, Da. Bishhill. £H/a}i, KoBianaoH, 11, 10S. 

LESSON VIII.— Kebruary 22. 

EUJAH'8 SUCCESSOR.— 2 Kmos a. 12-83. 


TIKB.— Follow ing cloaaly the date of the Uat leaaou. 

PZiAOBS.— 1. Jordui. i.Jmiabo. 

FBBaONS.— In ttie Uld TeaMment El^ah la laraly mentioDcd except in theao 
chaptara of the Booka of Etnga. yet from the way in which Hnlachi (4. 6, 6) IbrstellB 
hie coming again, we can lea that the character of his minsion had been fully appro- 
dated. It waa aniled for timee when God might be eipecled to come and imite the 
earth with a curse, if men repented noL Elijah was mighty istlior in worke than 
in worda. In later daya he wna deemed to be ever Interoted In the spiritual wel&ra 
of the Lord's people, and a pUco waa net for him at every droumciBlon aervEce. 
We can ace how his ministry of help waa In all men's minds ftum the miataka which 
waa made at the crucifliion, when our Lord's cry of agony waa interpreted Into a 
call for Elijah. The large place wbioh Eltjiih flllad in the tlioughta of the Jews of 
t day is shown by the mention in the New Testament of bla nante Uid hia work mora 


Vma. 32, 181 

LESSON vnr. 

2 Kings 2. 12-22. 

fi«quei]tl7 tlnn tkai» ot toy nther prophol. For such » prophet men were looking in tli(«e evil 
d«fs vhich pTMeded Ihi iiiMiig iif fliiinc " Arttbou Elijah!" was the fint question of thou 
lAo Hw uid heard John the Baptist ( Jcdm 1. 81), and Jesus pranted out to his disciples that the 
cittla«f Bli^wM truly fulfilled by the Baptist. MatL U. 14. The " taking op " of Elijah was 
accepted by tfaa J*m% ■■ a testimony of the doctrin* of mao'i inunortalitj. " Blessed are they 
that saw ibee," says th» writer of Ecolealaatious ; " far we shall auralj live." Henoe the great 
fltiMas of the appearaooe of Eiy^ with Moses at oar Lord's transflgura^n.— Amb-f4^ Eiblt. 

12 And E-li'iiha saw it, and he cried, 
' My father, m; father I the chariot of 
Is'm-el, and tho horeemen thereofi And 
lie * saw him no more : and he took hold 
of bis own clotbeB, and * rent them in 
two piece*. 

18 He took up nlBo the mantle of E-li'- 
jah that fell from him, and went back, 
and stood by the 'baak of Jor'dsn; 

14 And he took the mantle of E-li'jah 

i And S-li'aha saw it, and he cried. 
My father, my father, the ' chariots nf 
Is'ra-el and the horsemen thereof t 
And he saw him no more : and lie took 
hold of his own clothes, and rent 

14 the bank of Jor'dan. 


r A PROPaBTIO TOKEIN. VarsM 11-14. 

IS. Ky &tlier — This title of sffeodOD was giren by the yoon^r prophets to their elders. 
Bee I Bam. lO. is, where the ques^on, "Who is their father!" appears to rcfor to Bamnel. 
UeiV its use anils peribolJy with the request just made for the flrst-bom's share. — Cambndgt 
£itU. The chariot . . . and the hoTseineii — The stdmding anoy of the nation. This ihbd had 
done more for the preiierVBtion and prosperity of Ixiael Uisn aliher wurriois.— ./anidnan, FaiuKU, 
and Bronm. He saw hlin no moTB— The moment when the fiery blast, the storm-cloud, sepa- 
rated them finun each other, he disappeared suddenly Dnm his eyes. — Lanft. Took hold, of hla 
own alothM, and rent them — He would Mq have gone with Elijah Into heaven. He had 
dosely fbllowad hla master all da;, persislenlly refas)D|( to leave him ; and now, when he sud- 
denly finds Mmaelf alone, grief prevuls over every other feeling, and Oriental demonstrativeneea 
is uncontrollable even in the lonely gorges of Oilead. — Tnry. 

iSKTeadon woold not have been eqalvalent to Ibis kmely propbet. 
ts saU, "Better an armj ol stags with a Uon tot a leader, Unn an amy of Hens wUh a 
' "Howmanrilo ]\w oounl he lor T " asked Alezaader tba Gnat of aialnle 
tr wbo was cimlnstlDg Uie smaUixas of tbe Qreek tonaa wlOi the great numbers of Uielr 
eoHny. Tbts irntli lake* practical bros anil Is capable Ot peiKHial a{q>Ucation when we recall the 
fact ttiat one ma; be strong splrlliially U be desli'ei so to be. Not all bofs and girls hare an equal 
enclowment of mwal strengtb, ttut It la Co ba had from the ooorls of beavm for tbe UkiDg, And 
wtietber one goes tliroaeb tbe world si a potent force for rlghteooMieB, or ai a weakling carried 
alnqt by everr wind tbat blows, depends largel]* on bis cboice. 
Il la as da Isnioiini In bereacemeal. see iLLUBTSinoNa. JMUI wept when be hw Hanba's 
lean beanse ol I^iBnis*! deatli, and tbe most Chrlstly chaneten mso witta Chose that we^ In- 
■lead ol harshly Gondemnlng natural sorrow. 

13, 14. He took up also the mantle— As a sort of pledge of the promise whioh hod been 
made to him.— Zufisiy. Smote t^ waten—' ' As if he had Bud : Lord God, it was thy promise 
to me hy my departed master, thst if i should see him in his last paassge, a double portion of faU 
spirit shonld be upon me. 1 followed him with my eyes in that fire and whirlwind ; nov, there- 
fore, O Ood, make good thj gtadous word unto thy servsnt; make this the first proof oi the 
ndraeDknu power wherewith thou afaslt endow me. Let Jordan give Che same way to me as it 
gave to my master." — BUkop Matl. Ic was not the msntla buC the spirit of Elijah by virtue of - 


2 Kings 2. 12-22. 


First Quabtbr. 

that fell from him, and smoto ' the waters, 
&Dd said. Where if the Lobd God of 
E-li'jali? And when lie also had smitten 
the waters, the; parted hither aod thith- 
er: and E-li'sha went over. 

IS And when the sous of the prophets 
which wart to view at Jer'i-clio saw him, 
they said, The Boirit of £-li'Jah dotli rest 
on E-li'sha. Aad they came to meet him, 
ftnd bowed themseUes to the ground 
before him. 

IS And thef said unto him. Behold 
now, there be with thy servants flft; 

the mantle of E-U'jah that fell from 
liim, and smote the waters, and said, 
Where is the Lobj>, 'the Ood of 
E-li'Jah t and when lie also had smit- 
ten the waters, they were divided 
hither and thither: and E-li'shs went 

IB over. And when the sons of the 
prophets which were at Jer'i-cho over 
against him saw him, they said. The 
spirit of E-li'jah doth rest on E-li'sha. 
And they came to meet him, and 
bowed themselves to the groand be- 

IS fore him. And they said unto him, 
Behold now, there be with thy serv- 


wbloh Elitha divided die wUm *od want throngh the Jordui,— Zonft. 'WIutb la the ZioML 
Ood of imtibF— Bather, Jdunai, EUJaVt Oed, vlur* U i^f £ll«ha bad baen wanred tlwt 
If paimlcted Co sea hie nuMer Co the verj l»t he ahonld inharit fail prophetio eplric and minole- 
voridng powen. . The oondicion seema Co have bmn met, sod he now ravereDtlf fsit about (br 
the power, A ftw houn ago a great mlraole had beaQ wrought In hi* praeenoe. Hen were the 
same watara of Jordan on hie way, and the aaine mantle with which to smite than. All that b 
needed to repeat the mindo and demonatraie bis inheritance of the propbetLe spirit Is tbe prea- 
enoe of the Lord Ood oC Elijah. 

Ood win Uka ran oT bla caaie. Ploai iBksUlea would naturaU; coculder EUJali'e ramoral an 
Irremediable Iciai to Ood'a aauae. But already hli euooanKV wai appolDted, sod tbe dlilna work 
<dre(raTD«eiitoo. In boon o( trial ami bereaTemeat, weak CbrlMliiu are apt to ooaolude that 
God'i cause la badl; dctfealed, and ■tnmser CbrlMlaDi are tempted to aarrj tbe wbola raaponilbflllj 
for tbe aptwreot dliaaler oo Ibeir own bearta loitead ol ftMag it over to Ood. But we wUo are 
trjlnKlO be loodare, after all, onl^ prirale aotdlen In Ood^ armT. He le the ([eoeral ; It l» bl* 
causa. He cannot be deteal«d. and we are not In a position to eeUmata tbe relatire adranlage 
ol Icrward and bacKwaid nWTentents. 
S*d f atdaa. Bee iLLrsraATiOMS And In tbe gaUSiaK be will Btre piOTtdanlla] bAmu enfllcieni 
for ua. How miKb tbe mantle of Bll>li waa to Elliba we nerer can know. It wai a boon Uiit be 
bad not ezpeoled. We Ukewlae in our boun at gloom, U wi 
(be emeriiencT, tbe atreniilb wltboot which we w~" 
Ce»Ha»ee !■ oae'e bIhIod. gee ILLHSTRAnoNS. inrlndble oonfldence In Ood In Itie Brat place, 
and Sim eoolMenoe In one** ealf Id tbe leooiid, wtll tore aur bo; or ulrl Into a ntallj KTcat man 
or woman In eplle of tbe alubbleet enTlroomenle. it la aatonliblng bow like dwep IM malOTltr 
of men an, wttlioni aor Independent Judcmant. golnc In lloaka, followtnir tbe menat chance 
leadmblp, and swtnglns Iron me leader to another wllboul decWon. Ot Terr lew men can It 
bsaaldtbatlbaTileeraarwbere on tbe ocean otlUe. Tberelnil)lTdrltt,a(idaieBttbe merer otererr 
ware and emrent. Ilron can lead roar Sandar-acbool scbolan lotbe loeatlmable dutfirf dedalon 
r, Tou will bare glren tbem Cbe sreatert boon wlCliln bnman nuib, exeept only that of 
. Get TOur elaaa. il II has reached Ibe age of thirteen. n> read John Foater^ deMon 
ad It a Tear baa ps»Bd stnoerou read Itrounelt, read It over affaln. 
Aol ebancas sM. Bee lLLnetiu.TioMS. EllihahBdflmMtbIn Ood,orhewoaldnotbaTebaurded 
tblB ten ; and jet the rerr fact that bliprarer la molded into a qucetion, Where li tbe Lord Bod ot 
Klljab? ilrea US a icUmpse of tbe anxtetT wltb which be watched to find out where Ood waa. But 
be need not bare been aniloui. 

n. TBB PBOBBimO SPIRIT. Vvms lB-18. 

lS-18. Wbea the aoni of the pro^ieta . . . aaw him— The prophets ww all that waa 

e at Jordan, and ware therabf coDflrmed in the belief that Eliiha waa the divinely orduuad 

Elijah, — Tirrj/. Bowed ttaemselTea to the ground — Tbua expreBsing their 

knowledgment of him as their head, an>l the divinely appointed snoesasor of Elijah. — lAniAf. 

wae not the outside of Elijah which they bad been wont to stoop unto with so much veneration ; 



Fsa 22, 1891. 


2 KiKGS 2. 12-23. 

n; lot tbem go, we pray thee, 
and aeek thy master: Meat pendvetiture 
the Spirit of the Lord hath talceu him 
up, and caat him upon 'lorae mountMD, 
or into aome valley. And he *aid, Ye 
■hali not aend. 

17 A.nd when the; urged him till he 
was ashamed, he said. Send. They sent 
therefore fifty men; and they sought 
three days, but foand him not. 

18 And wh«n the; came af^un to him, 
(for he tarried at Jer'i-<^o,) he said unto 
tbem, Did I not aay unto you, Oo not 1 

ants fifty strons men ; let them go, we 
pray thee, and seek thy master: lest 
pendventure the spirit of the Lobo 
nath taken Iiim up, and caat him upon 
some mountain, ot Into some Talley. 

17 And lie aaid, To shall not send. And 
when the; ursed liim till he was 
ashamed, he uud, Send. They sent 
therefore fifty men ; and the; sought 

18 three days, hut found him not. And 
thev came back to him, wliile he tar^ 
riea at Jer'i-i^o; and he said nnto 
them, Did I not say nnto you, Oo not? 


it «>i hU ipirlt, whlcli alnos the; now Hud in UHither lubject, they entertain with eqiul reveienoeL 
Ho enij, no •molsUon, niwAh np their MonuohB igauiet El^kh'e Mmnt; but where they aes 
emiiMDt grace* the; ere wllKogl; pioMnta.— iKuksp 2fi^ Xi«t ttUDi go— They appear to have 
tboDftlit that El^ah'e oorpwi might be dinooTerad uaoewhore. Seek thy p'"^^r — Tbronghont 
the nairative thereia tmpliod a mucli oloaai ooddsoUoii b^weau Elijah and Eliaha than between 
Elitah and the rest. He is "thy maiter," not "our matiter."— C!am6H^ SHU. Oaat— And 
yet eoDtd they think that Ood would sand aooh a (diarlot and hone*, for a leM voyaRS than 
b«B*eD I — BM^ ffatl. Tm ahall not aamd— Then ooqld be OQ doubt In Ellaha'a mind about 
tbe taking up oT the body of fab maetar. The garment left na a symbol of the granted petition 
was all that had bllen to the ground. But though he dea^bad, aa no doubt lie did, the glory 
which be iiad beheld and the way In whteh hia master waa traniUted, the acHia or the prophets 
could oM be moved IVom their notion that the body of Elijeh ndght Komewhere ha dlaniTSred, and 
it b eaay to undentaod how they would deaire to gire It reTerant burial if Ic were to be fbund. — 
Cmindft BibU, Aabamad— Impllea tbai EUaha waa at ■ loes how to teftiae them any longer. 
Hia nartatice waa nnpieoedeated !□ its ofaaiaoCer, and it they refused to be pemuaded by that, he 
had no mora that h« ooold 6a.—Lwi^. Pmuid him not— They turn back as wlae aa they 
want. Some men are beat aatlalted when they have wearied themaelves In tlielr own ways, 
nothing will teaah them wit bat dlaappointments.— Jbtop Ball. 

How M ntJ Uh rlcbl toader. ItliiebealilnKloflnd inttiata«e(i(«>rTU|l(M)abOdra(TOiu«iiMn 
wlw wledod trom all the popnlaUea Um only man oo wbom "the virit o[ EUJah dea nsl.'* 
lltMr eld leadw Ma jrooe to beaven, and (haj are wUUng to f<dlow Um man who moat bmcety 
InbettlabliipMI. Are we as wlae aa they? Wby are yon a MethodUt or a BapUM, a BepnbUcan 
er a DeoMcntt Do vm follow leadenhlp In Chnrta and prtltlaa baeanie ot the blytt "fftrlt" 
■taalteeledbylkscaineortbe leaderr II yon do, and hare eierdaad your twat Jodsment Id Un 
fear ol Ood. pemDal^ ym sie rlgbt, whalerar Die outeone may be. But 11 you do you are faiety 
nnlike joor BeMboti, for moat men InberlttbA poUttcslnm Ibelr latben and tMIr reHglon lit 
they ban any) fioo Ibalr muthsn. Let aa by aumple (each our aclMflari rereivnce for Ood'i 
TrtDdple* and wlUtaicneM (o follow tboaa who reprcwnt tbem. 

IiU bylhalf xaplrb" thataaea an iealeJlBihlaworM. ney put on Rood doUxa to look like 
sentlerDen i Ibey aanune certain torma of polllennaa lor tae aame naaou. Tbey obooan tbelr bome 
■■nrlalWina. tbelr pIcMraa. and tbelr books largely lor Ibe sake ot pleamutly allecUnit their nelBb' 
bora, Heanwlillo Uwlr Ddgbbon aie looking beyond and tbroufh all tbeae enrlroiuaeata and 
rauiteales and clotbea. and are Jndtilog them by *' what ajilrlt tbay are ot." 

TIM MIy of daabt. See tLtDamnoRS. It la a soleain quesUoD wbetber ibe onpardooable aln ti 
B> mot of Drm latth Id Ood. If Ood doea not forem adequately tbrre Is no 
U abaolDtely 
la largely la our own bands. 
■Coat of as eHiDot be ilch, do natter bow ouich we derire or smk wealtb ; aame o[ us cu> 
aerer NRaln bealtb. We cannot be sa stniDg ** we would cbooM to be Intel btctoally, 
BiMOtMty, aodally. or phjateally ; bot bowatroiw b taltb and parpaae w« are, depende dmply on 





19 And tlie men of the city wid unto 
E-li'sba, Behold, 1 pray thee, the Bitu- 
ation of this citj U pleasant, as m; lord 
eeeth : but the water ' m naught, and the 
ground ■■ barren. 

20 And he oaid, Bring me a new cruse, 
and put salt therein. And they brought 
it to him. 

81 And be went forth auto the Boring 
of the waters, and ^ cast Qis salt in tnere, 
and said, Thns saith the Lord, I have 
healed these waters; there shall not b« 
from thence any more death or barren 

ii So the waters were healed unto 
this Jay, according to the aaying of 
E-U'sba which he spake. 

9 And the men of the city said unto 
E-li'sha, Behold, we pray thee, the 
situation of this city la pleasant, as 

as my lord seeth: but the water is 

nauffht, and the land * miscartieth. 

) And iie said, Bring me a new cniBe, 

and put salt therein. And they 

[ brought it to him. And he went 
forth onto the spring of the waters, 
and cast salt therein, and said, Thus 
saith the Lokd, I have healed these 
waters ; there shall not be from thcDce 

I any more death or ' miscarrying. Bo 
the waters were healed onto this day, 
according to the word of £-li'sha 
which he spake. 

1-— I ■O.,— li-AJl— 'Or,--^, 


m. PHOPHSnO POWSK. Varsea 19-22. 
10-98. And the man of the oitr— Leullng dtlteni. Thaj tud leanied that Elkaha «u 
now gifted with lli« spirit and power of Elijah, Tberitiution of Jsrioho, near the pssssge of tha 
Jordan, was such m lo sttnwt s oonilderablo popolation after it waa rebuilt, and for tlie nke of 
the ptvsparicj whiob wne to them in other wa^a thef were oontenl to dwell in aaoh an anirhdla- 
•ome place. Now, boWDVer, tliey saw a hope of benefit, and with this thou^bt they came to 
Elisha. — Lumbf, It iagood mailing uae of ■ prophet while we have him. — BUAop Salt. The 
•Uoatlonof thiaoLtyU plaaaant— Jerlabo wu n part of that oountrr which, in Qea. IS. 10, ia 
OOmpHred Co " the |;*rdeD of the Lord." — jaUe (bmmeatary. Tha water la nansht — Thia word 
it of AvquBnt occannce in tha English of the aixleeath oentuijr in tha eenaa of " bad." S^attt- 
paart so una it rap«atedl;. Tha groimd harren — Ah a nealt. The water was such as oaoMKl 
thdr tree* to shed ttval prematurely and anhealthfally atfeeted tlieir catUe, and probably them' 
seivea. — Ounbridf SiUt, Bring me a new omse, and put salt t^terelii— The parity 
and n«ahiieaa o.' tha veaael were to typify the puriBcation wrought upon tlie Bprin^. Bait, too, 
is aignlflcant of preaerration and purity. We are not, however, to think of this as tlw means 
whereby the healing was wrought, but only sa on outward sign to point to the work which 
waa aupematurally petfomied. — Cambrulfft BliU. The noxiaua quall^ea of tho water ooold DOt 
be coneoted by the iufti^on of salt — fbr auppoaing the aalt was posaeaaed of auch a property, a 
whole spring could not be purified by ■ dishful for a day, much lesa in all future time. The 
pouring in of the aalt waa a aymbolic act with which Eliaha aooompanied the word of the Lord, 
by which the apiiog was healed. — KM. Tho spring eiiata " unto thia day " (ver. SB) ; and is 
doubtless the apring now known as .iin « SuUan, the only apring in the neighborhood of 
Jerioho. Ita waters spread over the entire plain. A Itige spring of water, which has a sweet and 
pleaaant taste. — SdJir. Thus saith tlia Ijord, I hare healed these waters — The prophet by 
his words carries tlie thought away from tlie iiifia to the tiling aignifled, the power of Qod exerted at 
the prayer of the prophet. We cannot auppoae, though no mention is made of it, that the healing 
waa attempted without a calling upon Qod. — Lun^. Thia miracle was typical of the work dona 
by the Lord after the ascension of Chriit, by meana of tho upoetlea and their suceeason casting 
the salt of Cliria^an doctrine from the new erase of Che Qospel into the unhealthfhl watere of the 
Jeritdio of this world, and haaUng them. — WordnBor/h. Compare with this mincle that of the 
healing of the pidsonons pottage (ahsp. t. tS-il) and the wsten of Marah. Eiod. IS. IS. — 


Feb. 22, 1891. LESSON VIII. 2 KiNOg 2. 12-22. 

All yl— « ii r«« or Ihl* ■orli ara heBtlli M*M>uU«4. Ann Id am wllti «7WJ atlTUiUge coma a 
. gnat dtnctvMitBffe- Tbera li manr a Jerlebo now, tbe beantr ut irtran aunoundlngi U largelr 
bnoitit aboal bj tbelr mlaimatle anil malaila] coDdltloni. Tben are analocte* to ttili to our 
iteUr aoctal life. 

All aJe^auE aad remaaeal ntbrH mnit ke bccnn at Uw arrlDsi of life. Ttib [1 ttw reaaoo 
rou an UaehlOK In (be BundaT-K'i'Kil II will not do to wait to make mea good UDtll Ibej baie 
bpoome men. Hake oat a llu at the atleatlre memb«n of four obanh ladlea and gsDUemeD, 
and aaeenain (he date ftf tbalr ooaTenton and ]rou win find tbat Dine out ot ten of tbem aouffht 
tbe Lord before tber vera twentr Tean ot iRe. Eltalia wai* ptaDoaopliPras well asa propbec 

mt knp* bla war4. Eret? \' ttaue slth tbe Lord " haa been or wlU be fuigiled. No dinoe promise 
Is par was aver broken. 


No ■!■ to moBrn iB bereaTenent. Ter. 13.— A colored woman whan raproved for 
■mdne eipreaaion of grirfaaid: " Now, look here, honey, whan da good Lord aeada ua tribaU- 
Uona, don't foa s'poae ha 'epada oa to tribulate t " 

In the Jiaritt J^nm, Hawthorne makes Miriam, the broken-haait«d wnger in the midnight 
•ong tbat went np IVom the UonuD Coliseum, put into the melody bha peot-up shriek her anguiBh 
liad alnioit given vent to a moment betbre. That volume of malodioui voioe was ona of the 
tokens of a great trouUe. The thunderous anthem gave her opportunity to rellave her heart by 

In iho Pitti Palaoe, Florence, two ploturea hang together. One repmenta a atormy sea, and 
Mack ploudi and fleraa lightDings fl««hing aoro» the aky. In the waters a haman face ii Been 
wearing an eiprnaioii of the utmost agony and despair. In the other the sea aeema an fleroa and 
the douda aa dark, but out of the billows rises a rock. In a clsft of this are tufta of grasa and 
■weut flowen, while a dove is utdog quietly on her nest. So does the sorrow of the world 
contrast with that of the Christian. 

When a man looks tiirough a tear in his own eye, that is a lens which opsna leaebes In the 
unknown, and reveals orbe no teleaoopa eould do. — StaXtr. 

Godwin take care of hta canae. Ver. 13.— When JabeaBantiog, one of the greateat 
of Wealoy's disciples, died, a minister preaohing bis funeral sermon oloeed a glowing peroration 
by aayiog, " When Dr. Bunting died, the sun of Methodism set" A plain man in the audience 
immediately shouted, " Glory 1m to Ood I that's a lie anyhow ["—Taj/lor. 

Henry YIEI, wrote a silly hook against Luther, fbr wliioh the pope gave him the title, " De- 
ftadar of tbe Fjdth." Uia oourt Jester, on noticing his joy st the acquisition, said, " Vij good 
Hany, let thee and me defend each other, and leave tba faith alona to defend itself." 

Ood bntitB hia workman, but carries on his work. 

Thrloa blast Is be to wbom is Klren 

The InsUnct tbat can tell 
That Ood Is oa tbe Held wbea be 

Is must Invlilble.— f>tlier. 

CoaUonoo la oae*a mlision. Tor. \\.^^omgpia, on viewing the pletnrss of 
Baphiel, aicloimed, "I too am a painter." 

In driving piles a moohina is usad by which a huge wdght is llAed up and Chen made to bll 
Upon the head of the pile. Tha higher ths weight is lifted the more powsrftil tha blow it givaa 
vhsn it deaoanda. The higher ws rise in the consciouanees of Qod^givan authority the greater 
will bo OUT cDorage and power. — Spargton. 

Looking over the dead on the field of battle, it was easy to see why that young man fought 
•0 valiantly. Hidden under his vect was a sweet face done up in gold ; and so, through love's 
beroiam, he fought with doable utrokea. Oar Hoater's mandate Is such a tallanun. 

" 1 am sore," aaid William Fitt, afler iiis diamisaal from ofllce, to the Duke of Devonshire, 
"I eon safe this oountiy, and nobody else Can.'' For eleven weeka England was witliout a 
■nloiatry. At laat the king and aristooraoy reoogniied Pitt's ascendency and yielded up to him 
tlw relna.— A«<n)/t. 

sniTerse has points lo carry in bis government, ha impresaea hia will 


3 KiHGS 2. 12-22. LESSON VIII. First Quabtbb. 

God U nacbSMglBf. Ver. 14>—TheT« be man; people likauDtorouDgwilonwhotliiiilc 
the than and tba whole Und doth move when th«; ship and an themHlvM movod awaj. Bo 
men imOfriDe Ood moTeth beoaiiM chtur gidd; coula are under ooil, BDbjsot to ebbing tud floirin^ 

The admlrcn of Charlemagne let up hi* poor oarpM In its gn*e, srowned hia pubelav 
templeo, and pot i. wapter in hia bloodltM Sngen. Oiim moolier; [ But our King etanial liree- 

When Baphoel w*a eieoatlug the fteaooe* for which the Bomon Fapkl govarament enj^l*^ 
liim, he drew the Agureo, determined the Mibjccta, and grouped them, working out his deaiffi* in 
penriL He then put tliem Into hii •oholen' hands uid when they had done their beet ha gav* 
the jnctureB flniehing tonohes. Though many ogenti were employed u euoceauTe elain*, hie. 
brain-power, enperrlalon, and inspiring oouneels were the chief motJTe foreaa til through. 
Whatever our place or work we have the same inSuite reeouroet at our command. 

Ood is a Bun that never eete. He is where he was and does not change in place or power. — 

BUU reMlesi natore dMa and irowi : 

From diange to change tby creotora nm ; 
nir tielmi no nioccMloa knows, 

And all thr faM ileslgni are ooe.— ITatti. 
Our Uttle sratem* have their day ; 
ttkej hare UieJr day and oeaoe to be. 
TMr are but broken Ughu of tbea, 
And (hoD, O Lord, art mote than they.— Ttannvnn. 

R«cofnl>lBB and TttllawiBK a new lender. Ver. 18.— When a pieee i^ metal is 
coined with the king's stamp xnd made cnmul by his edict, no man may preenme either to icflvtt 
It In payment or abate the value of it. Bo Ood'e Choeeu is to be raeogniied and oecepted. 

When Douglas waa ean7ing the heart of Bruce in a silver casket for interment at Jeraaalooi 
he joined the Bpaniards in a baUle against <iw Moon, and was soon surrounded by horsemen. 
In denpention ho threw tlie casket before him, sa) lug, "Paaa first, as thou wert wont lo do, and 
Douglas will follow thee or die." 

Professor Tyndoll took a Uibe, a resonant Jar, and ■ flame. By taiwng his voice to a cerlnin 
pitch he made Uie silent flame sinK. The oong wu hushed. When the proper note was again 
sounded the flame mponded. If the poaition variss there Is a tremor, but no song. When tJia 
flnger stopped tba tabs the flame was sileot Souoroua pulses nt ths extremity of tlie room 
commanded the fiery tinger. Ability to sway hearta can only be secured by close study of tba 
laws of influence. 

The folly of doabt. Ter. 1S-I8. — A poor oolorad woman who worked hard, but waa. 
a joyous Chriadun, Ulked with a gloomy Cbristisn lady. The latter said: "Ah, Mancy, it iaoll 
well to be happy now, but I should chink tboughta of the future would sober you. Suppose, for 
Instance, jou ^ould be sick and unable to work, or suppose your employers ^onld move away, 
or auppoee— " " Stop,'' cried Nancy ; " I never suppose". l>e Lord is my Sbe^erd, I ahall 
not want. And, honey, it's all yuur supposes oe is makin' you so mis'abla." 

An empty vessel, capable of holding water, if tightly corked, none con enter it. Whether 
water is thrown on it or it is thrown into the sea it romalni empty. Bo unbelief cloeea the heart. 
to the good within reach. 

We say " perfaapa " a hundred times a day, but the word " perhaps " fcund no place in Oia 
vooabulaiy of the Saviour — Jona. 

GodllneM to profltnbJe. Vera. IS-Sa.—On a hot soianat's day I was sdllng hi a tiny 
boat on a lake inclosed within a circle of Soollish hills. On the shoulder of the brown sunburnt 
mountwn was a well with a crystal atream trickling over itn lip and making Its way toward tin 
lake. Alonnd the weli'a tiioutli, and along the course of tlie rivulet, a belt of gtnen stood out in 
oontrast with the iron aurftce of the rocks around. It showed how needfol a good nan ie and 
how useful in a desert world. — Amet. 

When the probetiooen in the school of Pylliagoraa grew weary in trying to be helpM t» 
cthen, and preferred to be idle, they wer« irOHied as dead. Obaequiei were perlbrmed, and tomba- 
were raieed with inMriptions to warn othera of their wretched end. 



FxB.22, 18«1. LESSON Vm. 2 Knres 2. 12-33. 


As m intTodDetion, the preriona hiiilorj of Elliha ilumld be omtaHj itudted, tod its lead- 
ing beta ehonld be ihowc. Eiishs received s prepantian lor the high offioe whioh thw Buddeolj 
deTolved upon him. Note 1.) Mt t^-tacr^cing choiet ; leaving t, veslth; home for tb» 
wandating and perilooa life of a prophet. 1 Kiokb 19. IB-Sl. E.) Bit loalf tniei. S Kinga 
t. II. Ho did not dbdain to take the part of a urvaat toward God'a prophet. S.) Hit jMy 
eonpaauMuAtp. For ten jreaia ha walked with Elijah and learned to partake of hie ^rik 
4.) HtM atpiraiioit ; aa ehown in the laat leaaon. It was hia ideal to be in liirael what Elijah hod 
bean, tlio nnointed prophet u>d leader of Qod'a people. 

In thii laiaon EUaha atanda before ne folij equipped and GOnuniaiioiied aa the prophet of thft 
Lad. WenoiJoe: 

1. Hla pioplietie InalCht, Ver. 1L He hiv, when others onlj "atood to view." His was 
the iniighl of mighty fwth, which sees the iaviaibla. Thia in^ht b the mark of the Chriatian, 
who ncs God when <AberB £^1 to apprehend him ; who aeee Chriat aa hia Baviour ; who can aeo 
brfore him the path of duty ; who aan behold b; fidth the rewards of heaven. 

S. HlspTophotfa) ffowoT. Tors. IS, li. The ma^ovaa not In El^ah's msnlk, wUoh in tho 
hands of a oommon man oonid not have sooomplished each wondsn. It was in Ellshs's Ulh. 
BedidnotM}r,"Whereia£]Uab'e mantlet" but " Where is the L<h4 Oodof ZUJsht" Eliah& 
believed God, and all tfaingi are poauble to him that betigvgth. 

S. HIa piophatlo Kithorltr. Tern. 16-18. The »qb of the proplieta poasaaaad a meaaare of 
Ae Spirit. They saw God's hand, though tlisj did not wa Elynh'a anoeiudon ; the; recognlaed hia 
Boeoeaaor, Ibough they did not fullj oomprehend, what Eliaha kbw clearly, tliat Elijah had been 
taken froen earth. There ia amonjimen an inatJncUve desire finr leaden. T)ie man who baa the 
dirine atamp of klngliuew will oomiuaad, and other men will obey. The Churoh tueda leaders, 
and Uod will always rsiae them up far the hour. 

4. Hia ^opliBtla taaalins. Van. 1^!S. Mirsirles were wmughttbra tbieeTold purpose. 
I. ) To call attention to the higher work of the prophet. Gifts of mirselea sra eaaantlBlly lower than 
(he power to win aonla, although they atrike the popular eye. S.) To ahow the authority of a. 
meaaenger fhnn Ood. Hen will believe the ntteranis of one who shows hia power by akgna from 
heaven. 8.) More eqirdally, aa synibols ot a^dritual working. The healing of the fbantaln of 
Jeiicho was a token of what Ood wan about to do for the taearta of Israel, 


I. TO SPBOZAX. 80BJaC7FS.— " Elisha," Stahut, JteiA Chwtk, il, U8 ; Odkoe, 
Bimn wUk tkt BMt, iv, SO. » Contrast with Elijah," SraHur, Jtauk CAhtbA, li, S6B-«U. 
•> Disciple of Elijah," Qimx, iv, 111. " Charscterislics of Eiislia," Gmua, iv, llS-iai. >< In- 
er— ™ the Widow's Oil," Ouku, iv, ISO. ■' Site of Anolsnt Jurlaho," TMitft tut GauraUi/ 
Xww», SH, S91. "El'^aha," \i\isiiDmaj-,Jinirniy,Si. " Eliiha's Uiraoie," Tuoi, /raniltiioib 
^ BihU J>ffie«IUa, 458. >' Eastern UsmMuto," Tuoiuoii, Lniul and M« Boot, i, IRS. " Eiieha's 
Foontain," Uihdbshall, Sdmn/rom TWatlif, 160, 101. " Shunnmmlte'a Bon Restored to Lifis," 
TboMOV, til, aw, SOI. "Elishs-s FouDtain," JJiblieal TWoiary, viii, E; Thomsoh, i, ITT. 
"The t«ad made Barren," Bukdsr, Oriental Cuitonu, i, 808. "Methoda of Travot,"* 
BiraDln, OriaU<U Cialctm, i. 80S. "Bending Qarmenta," " ITountalc ot Elijah," see MoCliH- 
vocs and SraoNo, Buttk, and Abbott. 

a. TO BXBM.OVB AXV ADDBaSSSS.— StKOunon o/ SpMtual Lift, by A. P. Stu> 
UT. WJUrl itti4 Lord Ood o/ SvoAfE.D.ii»irm. fJitAa, J. R. Uaodutf. 



2 Kings 4. 2S-37. 

First QrxBTEB. 

LKSSON IX.— March 1. 

THE SHUNAJDIITE'S SON.— 3 Kisgb i. 35^7. 
OOIiDBN TBZT.— Th« Father ralaeth up the daad, and qulokeneth tbwai.-j<am 6. SI. 


TIKB.— How Boott after Eliihi'n iiiUoilucUon inu tha prophetio offlce 
wnnotbetold. AboucB. C.89S. 

PIiA,OBS.— The prophet's reeld«ii«e at Ht. Carmel, and th« hoiti« 

BDUma.— The moDBTchM of Judah and Isnsl ware at thl> date each 
named Jehonm. Tha larselitiBh kingu aoniietima, called Joram. 

OOmrBOTHfO IiUTKS.— Aller bgaliofc the impure aprinc at Jaii- 
oho, hj eating in BulC, Elisha Journejed lo Betli-el, to Mt. Uacinel, and 
thenoe to Bamaru. Near Beth-el "■ho-baan out of the wood " tare the 
looffeni who "mocked bim." He Ibretold to Jehonun the deetniction of 
the nibelUauB Itnabitcs ; minKalouely multiplied the oil in (he home of a 
widow of one «t the 100* of Uie prophet* ; and beoame the flvquent fueM of a " great woaum " of 

35 So she went, and came unto the 
maa of Qod ' to mount Cnr'niel. And it 
came to pHB8, when the mnn of Ood saw 
her afar off, that be said to Oe-ha'd his 
-servant, Behold, yimder it that Bliu'uam- 

36 Run now, I pray thee, to meet her, 
and u; unto ber, /i it well with thee t 
it it well with thjhasbaadt m it well 
-with the child I And ahe answered, It it 

3S So she went, and came noto the man 
of Qod to mount Car'iuel. And 
it came to pasa, witen the man of 
God saw her afar oS, that he said to 
Oe-ha'd his servant, Behold, yottder 

30 is the Bhu'nsm-Diite: run, I pmj 
thee, ttow to meet her, and say unto 
her. Is it well with thee I is it well 
with thy busbandt u it well with 
the child! Anil she answered, It ia 

L THB HOTHBK. T«nM 3&-3S. 

Oannel — Tha distanoe would occup; five or nix houn' ridlug. The 

as, ae. to 

-whole narratiTa give* the impruuion that 
religioui vonhip, and tbat the familj tmm Shuneiii wereni 
nu man of Ctod saw her aflur oil, and ia able to an)' t 
she »iTirm.—Vambndft WiU. Bon now— Elisha aliowu 
and to aalule her, how highly he esteeniod this wonian. 
of deep feeling in the action of EILbIib. lie known tlial 
visit at thia nniwual time, and lie would leam, even befo 

propbelio teaching and 
ong ibe frequenten thereof. — Lumbf. 
GeliazI w ho she la some time before 
, by sending hisaervant to meet her 
la It wall f— Tliere la a touch 
lit be KOine Bpeoial raniion for a 
enough torfaini to 


d ihe anawerad. It ia wall — The word n 

lO ftiU for speech, i 

hear her, whether there is trouble at 

peace, and we can only think that 

mora worda. She has no thought of deception, b 

till she come into the prophet's presence. — C'amhridft BiHU. Her answer WM purpoeel]' brief 

and TSgue to Gehsii, for slie reserved u lull diHcloiiurs of her loss for tha ear of the prophet him- 

self. She had met Oehsii at the foot nf the fail], and she slopped not in horoiKvLit till she could 

disburden her faeavy-laden spirit at Eli^'ha's foct. The violent paroiynm of grief into which 

ahe fell on approaching him appeared to Gehail an act of disrespect to his master: he wa* prmal- 


Mabch 1, 1891. 


2 Kings 4. 25-37. 

ST And whea ihe came to the man of 
God to the hill, alie cnnght ■him by the 
feet: but Ge-ha'zi 'caroe near to thrust 
her avay. And the man of Ood said, 
Let her alone; for her soul u ''vexed 
within her: and the LoxD hath hid it 
from me, and hath not told me. 

as Then she E«id, Did I desire a son 
of m; lord! did I not say. Do not 
deceive me t 

37 well. And wheo she camo to the 
man of Qod to tbe Lill, she caught 
bold of his feet. And Oe-ha'd came 
near to tlirusE her away; but the 
man of God said, Let lier alone: for 
lier soul is 'vexed within her; and 
the Lord hath hid it from me, and 

38 bath not told me. Then she said. 
Bid I desire a son of my lord t did I 

ig to ratuove her when the prophet's ohservBnt eye pncnved that she wu overwhelmed with 
Hue anknom cause of dlstnta. — SiU ComtB*atary, 

Sratfkihf la UMiMetoaBBliBnalBead. See Illcstbatiohs. Far tbat reason Ood had itlTento 
emr one a itood orlRlnsl rtooik of s^niiKUiT and Indeflnlte power ol dereloiinieat Jesui wu (lie 
ttte meat sjiniiallMUc man vbo erar Ured. 

TlM sBlj Teller In iroakia cia n i fraai Bat, And lla qnlekeM roou li br war ot God's serrants. 
Toko " nolo s man o( Ood " Is a vise coone, aod uur aisbalBrs duold be made so eoDfldeiU oC our 
Vmpatbr Ibst Ibelr pastor and iaadier will be anoDK Itae earUcM In wfaom UMT would eouAde UmIt 
Bonhtes. TbaItoaiUieoiifeaaloiiallsa(n«MBbBseof wbat DerwtbrlcaaliaDear ttwaioet dam- 
onos need! <4 tbe baman heart. 

Tna M—fchlp beara oar tardew. A diild who tslls huru lis moUier more than It faults llsell. 
because ol her lote, and so far as IrieDdshlp le genuine It raiu out In hssle to lift Itie tniublea trom 
Ibe heaita of tbe beloved ooes. Bee Illdbtbationb. 

A bllh ihaiihlBea nore brigManl clear whea nmifceu rafe olthMM. Bee IlxusraATIOMS. 
Is Ihere In all Itlerature a more wonderful Illuslratlon ot the trlampb of tsltb Iban (fale ? Ilie 
woman'schlldfsdesd. Her home la full of wallere. All her bopea are Masted, and T« ahe Ormlr 
Ban. " II la wen." Not that Ae toieeaw with oertalntr hnr child's resuireclloti, but that ber falUi 
InOodaodlnhliiepiHentatlTenukeabersuieof nltloisw happtnaas. Bead ibeokaeol Habak- 
kut's pnTsr: " AUhuuKb the flg-tree," etc Hab. B. IT-IS. Mar we Dot exercise equal talth In our 

97, >8. To tiie hill— Elieha bad been standing on s h^ght which enabled him to command 
a view of tbe road for some dkstanoe.— Oimifut^ Milt. She nncht him bj the fast— Id the 
attitude of humblest supplication.— Zumjiy. QsIibmI oame near to thrust har awar— The 
word In other places indioatcs a connidersble degree of force.— Omsfrni^s Bibl4. The Iiord 
hath hid it from ms — The prophets were not alwoya Illumined with the gifl of ibresigbt or of 
Tiaion. They werenot always " in tho5pirit."—7>rTr. The idea that thoprophotordinarilywould 
know of an impending calamity, and liuiten to praveot it, ia incorrect. We must rather compars 
^aoealike S 6am. T. S, ete., which show the fallihility of the prophetic knowledge and Judgment. 
—Lmgt, This whole scene is nstursl, and vary gnphis. If you ask alter a person whom you 
know to bo aick, th* reply at flrsl will invariubly be, " Wall, tbank GoU," even when the very 
next sentence Le to inform you that ha is dying. Tlien the faltlntl down, clasping the ftet, etc., 
are actioiw wiCDCsasd svsry dny. 1 hsve hsd this done to me ofton before 1 oould prevent it. So, 
also, the oBlaioDa seal of the wioked Oehszi, who would thruat the brokcn-hoarted mother away, 
probably thinking her touch pollution, agrees perfbctly with what we linow of Ibe man and of the 
castonMi of the Sart-^TTumten. Did I dsslre a son— The wordi are almost reproacbfhl, and 
make it clear to the prophet that the child is dead. — CamiriJgi Bitlt. 

9jtmratlij la pcaei rallie. A man lesm lo be afmpatheUr by pisctlre. Be sees troubles wbere 
■ cannot. Tbe bereaved moUieriDlKfa' hare come Into Uehazl's preeeuce without a 
la part that any thing was wrons. The prophet suapected it when he saw ber [orm 
d knew It when she caraa mto hia preseiKS, Let us cultivate esmeaUT thla 
[• talent of dlMccmlng tbe sorrowi of our fellows which 11 may be In our power to relieve. 
•a sbMilS euliliatfl vonlleiieM. Bee ILLCBTRATioiis. It li tbe most perteM Rnoetbat 
I altaobed to a noble character, it la not weakneas, but abundSDce of potter Controlled. 
ID ofvOTtoolty for tbe blzbesl userulnen is lost tar waul of this grace. 


2 Knios 4. 35-37. LESSC 

2D Then he aaid tn Ge-lu'zi, * Gird up 
th; loinB, and take tut atafl in tliine 
hflnd, and gn tli; way : if tlioo meet any 
nMn, * salute him not; and if any Miute 
thee, nnBWer him not Rgnin: and 'lay 
my Btaff uijon the face nf the child. 

SO And the motlier of the child Mid, 
'Ai the Lord liveth, and at thy loul 
lireth, I will not lenve thee. And he 
arose, and followed her, 

81 And Ge-ha'zi passe<l on before 


90 not sH*, Do not deceive me t Tlieti 
be said to Qe-ha'd, Oird up thj loina, 
and take my stafl in thine hand, aod 
go thy way : if thou meet an; man, 
salute him not; and if any salttt« 
thee, answer him not again: and lay 
my staff upon the face of the child. 

80 And the mother of the child said, Ab 
the Lord liveth, and as thy soul 
liveth, I will not leave thee. And 

81 he arose, and followed her. And 

H. Hi cCp. I. >, Ui Aib'iI. It, •Omf. I. 1. | 

SO. QiiA np thj iDina — With tha loose flowing gamMnta of Oriantala It ii necdftal, when 
haate tadeairod, to itather thorn and bind them together >o that thay do not Impede the traireleT. 
Thia la dons bfaband round tha viiat— ftafaAn^* SiiU. rhks mrataff— Tha ataffof the 
propbat ia not, of conns, his traveling ataff, but, lika the iitaff {aoepCer} of a king, the badge of 
the prophetical gift nhich he liad received fVom Ood ; that Is, of mlgbt and utrengtli. — Lang*. 
Lar ... on the &<m of the ohild— The staff via probably an otliaal rod of a ositain form and 
slie. Necromanoara uaed to und their etaff Tlth orders to the meaaengera to let It some inooutaot 
with nothing by the way that might dinipate or destroy the vlrtae imparted to It. It In not ewy 
to see the purpose of this order in the mouth of Zliahi. It may be that he thon^t Qod would 
allow the TsalonitioD of tlis cliild by thia mean*. Some hiive supposed that the aetlon was meant 
to teaoh that ths mirsola was not to he aacrlbed to any external sgenoy, but only to God's inter- 
vsntion in aiwwsr to prayer. Othen have thought that the lack of lUth in the mother, who 
wonid not go baok wlibout Eiislui, OBiaed tha flnt meaaura adopted to be ineflbotlvo. Porhapa 
the pn^thet only esnt on Oshazl that the mother might (bel that aometUng was being done, 
and be soothed In her dlstreaa.— >!nini€. See notw by SUtc and Ttrrg on Tens SI. If tlum 
meet any maii,8alTita him not^An iqjnnotion neoeaaary la the East where the aaletations 
arenill of form, and oooaume much time.— Zwaty. Yoa will have no time to linger, and a paua- 
ing to give or receive oomplimenia roay not only canae much waste of time, but ao diMrast your 
thoughts as to fhialrate the object of your miwiion. — T4rry. 

Ooa'a knalan* raalu Int. Bee iLLmraATioin. BahilBtlDoa and earemontaa are all rlgbt tn Ibetr 
places. tHit the man wbo bas an errand rrom God must not Mop lUI bU doty la performed. Bemam- 
ber Chtlst'a Injunctions to tbe twelve and the aeientj. Dlrectlaoa of cbli aurt never sboold be 
wmled Into mcanlne that we are not lo be eourteoaa ; Inittliat of all Um moltlfarlona dntlea that 
come lo us II la our am dutf to do God's will. 
CoariBirailoa ef pavysie k arpe s—ry Id anreeai. Tboae mttarle-worklnR' proptiela who mm 
ai UmH lo have played wlUi (be Ion»a of nature alutoH aa boya play wtlta toys. neTortbeleBa oaed. 
tbelr power •itIcUt acoanUiut tu the dictates et onmman sense. Toti wlQ And by uiaklaga list c^ 
Ihemliaclea how consl-tentiT shrewd and sensible were tbe propbela' nnthoda. Eliitaaknew well 
thai whaiever power could bo dFlegated by him to Gehail would ha dlialpaled lonir before be 
reached Ihe t^bunsDiuille'i cotUEc should he Rcaslp by the way. Oosrip and division ot eDort 

30. I will not leave thee— Aher tlie heartless attempt of Gchaii [o thrust her away tnm 
the prophet's preaenoe (ver. ST) ahe had no oonfldeDce In his m'liiistrv, even though he carry the 
BtaiTof Elinha. Sacred vestments and a holy eommisaion will not command the GonfldsDae of 
earnest souls, unless they be ansoclatad with a minister who himself gives evideace of a tnie and 
tender iKart. — Ttrrf/. Ths prophet, it seems, had no dosign to arcoinpiuiy her; hs intended 
to wait fur Oehaai's return.— Cferfa, She, not regarding the stalfor the man, holds fsat te 
Elisha. Ho hopes of hia m^nfc con looM her flngen. She imagined that the aervaat, the 
■tafl', mijEht be seveied ft^m Elisha ; ahe knew that wherever the pn^et waa there was power. 
— AnAof) ffalL 



tbem, and Iftid the ouff upon the face of 
the child ; but th«r« wtu neither voice, 
DOT ■bearing. Wherefore he went aRwn 
to meet him, and told him, saying, The 
child ia ' not awaited. 

SS And when E-li'atia waa come into 
the home, iMhold, the child wu dead, 
<Bid laid upon bii bed. 

88 He 'went in therefore, and ehat 
the door npon tlieiu twain, and ' prayed 
unto the Lobd. 

84 And he went up, and lay npon the 

2 Kings 4. 25-37. 

Gfi'ha'zi paued on t>efore them, and 
laid tlie staff upon the face of the 
child; but there was neither voice, 
nor * hearing. Wberefnra he returned 
to meet bim, and told him, gaytng, 

82 The child is not awaked. Ana 
when E-li'sha was come into tbe 
house, behold, the child waa dead, 

38 and laid upon his bed. He went in 
therefore, and shut the door npon 
them twain, and prayed unto the 

84 Lobd. And he went up, and lay 


a, nor *'«»'^"k — He ntterad no C17, ba paid no heed, Thiit is, he gave 
no signs of life. Eluhi did not at flnt mean to go hlmsair to Sltunam, and tbr that reaaon sent 
hi* stslT to sapplj the lack of hU own presence. But after hs had sent away the servant, his 
obewTtlioa of the ungsniDeai of the mother, wbcsn he had expected to have gone home latinBed, 
and her avowed detemiination not to leave htm, indnoed him to alter his purpose and, with the 
limliiiss natural to him, to torego his own engagements *t Csnnel, sod to scoompany her to ber 
Ibrloni home. It wax probaUy in oonaeqosnoe of this ehange of plan that no reapauM waa made 
Mtlia fliat claim of tkiUi by means of the aCaff. Thla appeal waa in ftet auperBedad the moment 
be iBMdTed lo go in pemon, the Lord tbua resereinit fbr the penooal interaieslon of hia prophet 
tbe honor of this marrelota deed. — KUto. But Oabaai's anppoaed unfluieaB to work the mirsde, 
and the woman'a lack of ftith In bim, are Eaota not to ba ovarlooked. Thay may be a suffltdent 
reason for the failure of Oehsii'a miaidoQ. For, in the realm of the minouloui, divine power 
works not blindly nor srbitnuily but sooordlng to sacred laws. To sfflim that than must be a 
■jmpatbetio union or ipontaneoos sffilistton between tbe bnman sgenolcs employed snd those 
deeply ooneemed in sEiven mlraole la oaly to aay what ia abandanily iDggcBted In the ScrlpCuna. 
Kor ia tbb to degrsde a class of minwles to the low plans of animal inagnetiam, or explain them 
■«ay on natnraliMie pnnciples ; yet it need not he denied that the paycbok^cal beain of animal 
iiienniSiain was a mediam through which many mitacles were perTormed, and without which 
aome mineles conld not have been wrought. When the ditdplea, after tl>ctr failure to heal a 
Innatie diild, aaksd Jsana why they could not work the miracle, ha replied, " Bcoauae of your 
onbelier." Matt IT. SO ; oomp. MatL IS. 68 ; Ifark S. M ; 9. K.— Terry. The child is not 
•waked— This does not mean that OehsM thought Ibe child wss not dead. Ho knew this m well 
aa the mother. Bat 'Asleep," even in the Old Teetament, is used for "death." Comp. Job 
U. II; Pea. 1>. (; Jer. 51. 67. The commoa phrsse on the death of a king ia, "He slept with 
Us btheta." See 1 Kings 1. tl.—CamMdfff S\bU. 

Psiaul ChriaMiiallT k IhSbsIbbI. Bltiha'i aUD la a Bnt-claa Instrument If It l> In tbe hands of 
DMia. IB Oehsil'a band It k only a waUdus-uue tiortb a few rennJea. Be Itli everr-wbete. A 
tew pebbica trom Ibe tsw* are invincible wnponi at war It David aiDgs them. The almple etale- 
msDl ol JesM'a desib k Ibe iihbiii ot Uie ooDTraiton at Uiree Ibousand people irben Peter makes it. 
And evCTT-wbere tbat meana are oouaecnled to Ood and uaed by consecrated men Uiey will be 
■w-^""' Bat lbs forms ol tbe Oburch In Ibemselvet bare no more value than EUsbs's Mall. 

nL TBB CBHJ}. Vmms 33-37. 
SS-86. Upon bts bed— That la, ElUha'e bed, in the chamber which wu set apart tbr the 
prophet and in which the mother had left lier child. — Ltunhg. Prarad — II ia lo be noted that the 
prayer preoedes every other action. Without that alt else will be of no avail. And he went 
up— The verb Is used in ! Kingi I. 4 of getting upon a bed. For some old beda it is very ap- 
propriate, for Ibrmerly they were much higher fTom the ground Chsn ia now the fashion. Aod 
Uynpcm the ohild— Comp. 1 Kings IT. 11. Probably Elisha knew of tbe acta of Bl^ah at 
Zarspbsth, and fbilnwed Chat example. The answer lo hia prayer aeem* to have been lees im- 
mediate than in Slijah'e caae. Throughout the history there iaadegreelesiof tervencyin 



2 Kraos 4. 25-37. 

d03, iHd pnf IiiB mootli upon Itu mooth, 
and bis e.TM upon his eves, and his hands 
npon his haDds; aad "be stretched him- 
self upon the child ; and the flesh of the 
diild waxed waim. 

80 Then he returaed, and walked in 
the hoaae 'to and fro; and went up, 
"and Bteetched himaelf U|>on him: and 
" the child eoeezed seven timee, and the 
child upened his eyea. 


apoD the child, and put his montb 
upon his month, and hia eyes upon 
his ejea, and his hands upon hia 
h&nds; and he 'stretched himaelf 
upon him; and the fleah of the child 
I waxed warm. Then he retomed, and 
walked in the house once to and fro; 
and went up, and 'stretched himself 
upon him; 'and the child sneezed 
seven timea, and the child opened 

■ctions, and hmce, perh^H, the ieas quickly aTsiluig pnjer. — Canlrulfi Biblt. BiA moutlL 
upom Us montta — Thin wns d«ifcned lo oonvef hia own ammsl wsnnUi to the dad child. He 
would thus me the nstnial mdnnii wbicfa Ood might make iiuUiuDenU] in working that which 
laj ■Itotcetber bejond the power of Eljsha. This plaoDir or his mouth, e;«, sod huida npon 
thoeo of the child bore the uma relatioD to this miiwile which the Binttle uid the waihini; in 
Sitoem did to the miracle bj which Jesoe geve right to the nun blind fitim his birth. John 
V. 1-7. Divine power oonld have ruaed this child to life ia uMwer lo Elishs's prayer without 
any other action on the part of the prophet, but divine wiadom deareed otherwiiie. Christ opened 
one blind nun's eyes by a aingle command ; but in other caaea he adopted pecaliar measures to 
work aobsWntislly the same miracle. We nnnot tell wby, but we accept the facts, and argfiw 
from them the depth of the riches both of the wiwloni and knawlodgc oif God. Bom. 11. S3. — 
Tirry. The floah of tha oblld wmxvd warm— The returning life is slowly given, tnit the fiii4. 
HgM af iHtoration moat have strengthened the zeal, and given Ihrvor to the prayers, wbieh no- 
doulit Ollni every moment of the time of waitjng and wateliing. — Oaaibridgi BMt. The body of 
the prophet gave out its natmal beat V) the eold body of the ehlld ; the prophet no donbt 000* 
tionud in contact with the child till he could bear it no longer ; then covered up the ehild, rasa 
Dp, and walked snuitly on the Boor, till, by increasing the dniulation of the blood by activity 
and eUong and quick teapiraUan, he could again afford to nHnmnnicate another portion of bis 
natural heat. — Clarlu. VhBa he ratonud— That is, left Ibe bad. — Limnif. His own animal 
heat might have become much lednced by sbnorption inLo tbeoold body of the duld, end hia 
walking to and tro was probably, sb Bihr auggeals, an involunluy nsulc of the fptA emotion 
with which be looked and waited forthe fblflllment of Us prayer. — Teny. The eiartian which 
he had naed, and the emotion and anxiety he felt, would be overpowering. Hence the need for a 
change of posture. EUsba did not lesve the chamber bat wsiked fiom end to end of tlie mom in 
which the child lay. — Caa^iridgt BMt. Sneeaed savni tlmea — When the nervons infloence 
began to act on the mnscolar system, before the circulation could be in every part reelored, par- 
ticular musclee. If not the whole body, would be thrown into strong oontrsetions and shiverings,. 
and sneezing would be a natural consequence ; particularly as obstructions mmt have taken place 
in the bead and ita vessels, beoiuse of the disorder of which the child died. — Claris. 

eedwMlMkTilHBseornHaBs. Ver. 35. Though be needs none. The Abnlghtr was net at all 
Indebted to a Ksfl ol wood to dlvlcle ibe Red Bea or s pteceol clolb lo dIvMe the Jordan. Jesus 
needed no etsy lo cure s t>Ilnd man, nor Dve loaves and a lew small Dsbes as a nncleos of bis dlnno' 
lartr- Bui though be needs tbem not, God osm Ibem, and we are not to look with ooutempt on 
snr of those means whldi Ihe Christian Church hsa be«i able to use fu all srh lor Uie f^orr itf God 
and the Hlrallao of souls. Thank Ood tor the onlalned iscrantents snd for the unordalned hjmna 
snd pnjen and ChrisUai] Ilienlure t They tasve been of incslcutaUe adisntsffe to lodlj scwls. 
Prajer eannM di^eBie wtUi lakor. Ver. St. H it could, the tarmen mlgM bold s inTer- 
meetlns In their wbeM-Oelds and then go oA on a summer eicursloa. Iiei7 bad; would denoanes 
such condiKli snd Tot some people, who hate both KodUnen snd brains, seem to think that what 
would be absurd wlUi food Is teosIUe with medhdne. snd tha 

w reqionilUUly of their nKovery on God. ! 
er who aedntoinlj obeji Ihe brglenlG laws ss b< 
«i Bs [f be bad been a drowned bo^. to be miofed br naural m 
Drd ctf God Ic7 dispensing wlih sitf worth } mfans. eplriuu] or 

a propbetwUh mlraco- 
m, and treats tUi dead 
1 TlwielSDOSBUxiIttr 


SUEce 1, 1891. LESSON IX. 2 Kinss *. 26-37- 

38 And he called Qe-lia'ii, and Mid, 36 his ejea. And iie called Oe-hft'D, 

Cmll this Shu'nam-mite. Ho he calleO tuid said, CM this ^u'ntun-mite. 

h^. And when the m» come in nnto Bo he called her. And when ebe was 

him, he sud. Take np th; aoa. come \a unto him, he said, Take np- 

37 Thea she went in, and fell at his 37 th? son. Then she wpnt in, and fell 

feet, and bowed herself to the groand, at his feet, and bowed herself to the 

and " took Dp her son, and went OQt. groand ; and she took np her Bon, and 
went out. 

The MCRi af tmttmm la —M —ei M eii. Ter. M. Bee Illcstkatiomb. ElMia mrled lor 0» 
munrr itfthkehlld with mietf-abiieBBtkHi the Biraoti erf wUcli be probabll lelt ttrwtAm aRo- 
vanL He had bat one UibifE lo do, UMl ba did It bf tbe emplDTment of all Iili poweis. Tbatiitbs- 
vaj iiif riiM baa bem adJered In ererr atnisile. Hake oat a Uit of the huDdred Ki«at«t men ot 
hMoTT, aiid It joar IM ia oorrvct rm'hSTe Uie names of tliebiuidred haideat vorten that ever 

S6, 87. What loapenaa most the Shnnaiiunlte bave fait whlls the prophet wis onplojed in 
the alow {soooi ralbmd U> abova ! fbr siow in its natora it moM have been, and eioeeding); 
•xhaoatinf to the prophet hlmaelC — Ctarit. Aa might be expected, there have not boen vant- 
tag ratioiMlisUo in Ur pretera who have explained this miraole as a case of SDspeiided aninu^an, 
or Bt irf apoplexf , simI Eliaha'sefTortaaa the luanipolatious of soimal magDetism bj whicfa aenaa- 
tjka wM ratoied. Of oonrw, such expositors ignore or deny the plain elatement that the child 
waa dead, sod ao do not explain, but contradict and tortnre, the word of Scriptiire. — Tirty. 

How tnean heir is Eliahaof his nuBter, not in his graces only but in his actions. Both of 
than divided the wateia of Jordao, Ihs oae as bis last set, tbe oUier aa hia fiiat. Elijah's cune 
wm the death of ths capUins and their troops; Eliabs's cune was the death of the oliildren ; 
Elijah rebuked Ahah to bis boa ; Eliaha, Jeboiam ; Elijah supplied the drought of Israel by 
run finn heaven ; Eiisha supplied ihe drought of the three kings by waters ginhii^ out of the 
earth ; Elijah ineraesed the oil of the Sateplan ; Eliaha iikareaaed the oil of the prophet's widow ; 
Elgah rsistd from death the Baieptan's son ; Eliaha the Shooammite's ; both of thern bad one. 
bhbiIb, one agMiit ; both of them climbed up one Caimel, one heaven. — Siticp Ball. 


Th« Bced of arNVatky !■ tronble. Tex. 3ft.— A clergyman eat in hia stud; bodly 
sipged, when hia little boy toddled in, holding up a pinched linger, and moaning, " Look, papa,, 
huw I hurt it I " Tbe father glanced at it and with alight impaliBnce aaid, " I csu'C help it, 
aoony." The Httls fellow's eyas grew bigger, and aa be left be said, " Yea, you could ; yon mifU 

In esrtun cUmatee the gales that sfsjng fhim the land carry a refteshing odor out to ses, and 
■asnre tbe anxious [ulot that be is ^proachiog a deairable coast, when as yet he cannot discern it 
with hia eyes. Emblem of the attraction a sympathetic heart exerts over the sorrowing. — 

In tbe himum body there la a ocaaplax nerve called the gnat n/tufothtUe, which does not. 
exist to register sensatiomi but to oonnecc and haimontie the various fuoctjous of divers organs. 
What this is to the body, sympathy ia to society. 

The Christ-like diarscter is like the *'■''''" harp, which gives mnsic, bright or sad, according 
to the breeie which touches it; or like a lake which mirrors tree and rock, dark cloud and heav- 
oi's nncluu^ing blue. — Dr. F. Cool. Christians should " rejoice with them that do n^ice, and 
weep with them that weep." 

Christian gnteea should he like Croton water, which presses than tbe reservcnr in every bncet 
Is the city. Each one sbonld be ready for use when needed, whereas they are often like a piunp 
TBodown. — B—ditr, 

Beav'n forming each on other to depend. 
A maaur. or a aervanE, or a Mend, 

» call.— Pope. 



a Kings 4. 26-37. LESSON IX First QuABTm. 

A tme Mead m«Iu to bear onr bnrdenna T«r< 30.— IC wu oooe m problsm in me- 
chuilca to find ft paadulura vhioli would be eqiullf long Iq ill weathen. But tlia problem ia 
■olTed. Bj a prooe>4 of oompeasatiou ths rod langthena it much sue wi; u it cantraota tLa 
«ther, w tbU Iba pendulum Hwiii|{ii the aame number of belli Id i dty in Jiuuuy u In ■ day in 
June. The index munlaioH unifamiit)- whether heat lengthen* or cold ihoneni iha tegulating 
power. Our prindplei nan be ■□ 9ied that ths outflow of kindly aid will be reliable. 

Lava ia owaenhip 1 We own whom we lova. The unlvene U Qod'i beeauia he lov«t. — 

An engineer in the Sonth-wast taw i traio craning with whioh he mtiit oolUde. Fdtbnil to 
the welfkra of hia pMMngen he alowed up tlie train till the laat moment. Ueuid Co the fireman, 
*■ Jump t one man ia enough here." The flreman wia aaved, while the engiueer died M hb poaL — 

A very poor and aged man, white ptmting an apple-tree, wu aakod : " Wby do you plant 
who cannot hope to eat Che Anitt" He replied, "Bomeono planted treeH before I wai bom and 
I have oiCan the fnuL I plant now, that the memorial of my gta^tude may eiin when I am gone." 
Oberlin wu tnTeliog IVom Straaburg. Snow rendersd the roada impaaaable. When hdf-wj^ 
ha iinli down eihauated and fell into, a* he believed, the Bleep of death. But a wagon-driver 
piwed, took him into hli wagon, and by wine, food, and eSbit revived the dying loan. He 
raniaed (o aooept reward, and would not even give hia nam* till Oberiln would tell him the tiama 
of the KOod Bimaritan. 

Bo It I live or die to serve mr Mend, 

Tli tor my love, 'as (or mf trlaDd alone, 

And not tor anj rate Ibat frtendsblp bean 

In heaven or e«nh.— Omrpt Eliot. 

A. ataua ahoold bear bl> friend's luamltlea.— 5haJt<qMare. 

He onjrtit not to pretend to fiinnilihlF's name 

Who revkoni not hluuelf and Meud tbe aame.- Tuie. 

Fallk Irlnapkimf orer appearsBcea. Ter. 30. In the English channel are threa 
tien of roeks known aa tlie Eddyatoue rocks. In ISBS WinsConley built a light-houae there and 
ohalleuged old oosan to damage the atructure. Builder and work went down In a gale soon aftor. 
"Btill," said England'H mechBiiica, "it can be done." In 1TD9 another waa built. This loo waa 
•wept away, by fire. " Btill," auid John Hmeeton, " it oan be done," In ITB9 ha built the slroet- 
Uie which Inved every atonn until, in 1SS3, other reasons led to ita rsmoval. 

At the cloae of thedvll war CumlicrlHnd University, Tennessee, waa left in ruins. Ths en- 
dowment was gone. A former ntudent walked around the ruina anil wept. Tben ho walked up 
to a oolumn and wrote tbe word " Savrgam," The word wan caught up ii a tfiit for thrilling 
■peeches. Without a dollar iu hand a Ail] oorps of profbseon was appointed, with aalaries 
guaranteed, and free tuidon and board pledged to wodldatea foi the ministry. All who oune 
were oared for, and no debts contiaotad. 

The world thinks such vision strange, if not fanatical— as in the case of ths man whose dght 
waa so extrsordinaiy he could see the fleet enter the harbor of Carthage while he ntood in Bidly. 
A man feasting his ejea on objects across an ocean 1 So Alth brings ths future nsar and sees good 
In seaming 111. — Souar. 

Bee the spider cist out lier film to Che gale, eonfldent that it will adhere somewhere and 
fbrm the oommenoement of the web. We are (o believe on and toil on in the assurance at 
triu mph. — Spvrgtoii, 

Where reason falla, with all ber powen, 
niere Ultfa pranlls and love adores.— IFssIsir. 

Good men skonld cnltlTate genlIen«M and aympathr. Ter. ST.— At the Synod 
o{ Hoacow, held A. D. 58B, bishope were forbidden lo keep doga or bawka, l«t the poor should 
be Injured instead of bdng fed. So should Christiana banish moroseoess and ingry temper 
lest burdened souls be discouraged in approaohing them. 


March 1, 1891. LESSON IX. 2, Kings 4, 25-37. 

John Newton oa the w>H of hia (tody at Olney, joat avar bit desk, had theaa words in very 
lu^ letten : " BamuDber Ifaou wast a bondman in tJie land of Egypt, and tba'Lord thy God 
redaemed thea." Thay reveal one aecret of hia okarveloua influeDce. 

It U ttJd that Tnjan, the Rooun amperor, tore hia lobe lo bind up the wonada of a bleed- 
ing laklier. 

Tbe Peniana luTa ■ prorerb tiiat when the orphans ery tha throoa of Deity Tocka. 

Dr. Hamilton eomperes gentleness to tbe Mented Bame of an alabaatar lamp yielding light 
and ftogrance; to a >o[t carpet whiah deadens creaking noise; to a curtain which warda off win- 
ter's wind and aummer'a glow ; and to a pillow where sicknesa forgets aorrov. 

One Sunday with my Aant EathBr did me more good than forty in chnroh with my bther. 
Be thnoderad over my head ; abe inatmotad me down In my heart. The promiaa that aha would 
read Jooeph'a history drew a ail ver thread of ol>adianae throu^ tha enUre yieet.~B«tekfr. 

"OoA best portion ot a lood man's Ufa, 
Bla Utile, nameless, unremembered acta 
01 klDdD«M and of love.— fTonliuorlh. 

Thou rattaer ihalt entoroe It wftb tby smile 

God's bmlH«a* onihl to be firat. Tor. 39.— Wlule ArohUahop Uabar was preaching 
in the church at Covent Garden a message arrived that tha king wiahed to sea him immediately. 
He deacended from tha pulpit, listened to the command, and told tha messenger ^' that be wi« 
-then employed In Qod'abuaineBB, but when done would wait upon tbe king to know nia pleas- 
nre," and then vontinaed hia aennon. 

It isBwd of Bister Dora that, do matter at what hour the hospital door- boll rang, she used to 
riaa ioKantly to admit the patient, saying to haiself, " The Master is coma, and catleth lor thee." 

Fowell Buxton attribnted hia great aooaoas in Ufa to hia being a whole man to one thing at a 
time. " This one thing I do." 

Profesaor Joseph Hanry, of Wsahingtnn, agreatChristian scienUat, said : "1 have no fUth 
in nniveiat] geniuses ; I train all my guna on one point until I make a bnaoh." 

A. man, says Emerxon, is like a Int of Labrador spar ; which has no luster as you turn It till 
yon coma to aoertun angle, than It shows deep and beaoUfuI colors. 

Afteran appeal from a miasionary in the Weat Indies for help to apread the Sospel, a negro 

cnne (brwaid, handed one parcel, saying, "That's for me, maasat" thenaseuond, saying, " That's 

fbrmy wif^ maaia;" and still another, amounting to twelve dollara, "That's for my child." When 

«Bkad if he were not giviag loo much, he sud, " Ood's work muat be done, and I may be dead." 

Aot, act Id tbe Uvlng ^naentt 

Beait witlUn sod (tod o'eAeadI— I<on(^aIIoiii. 

Goi worlubr tke itae of moBBa. Ters. 29, 31.— Heglvea us fhiitAil soil, changing 
•eaaon, dew, rain, and sunshine, bnt we most plow and sow and use oar skill if we are to nap a 
barviat ; he givea ua wind and tide, bal wa must spread our aul and atser our ooorse if we are to 
mach our desired haven. — W. A. D. 

" Qod boipa tboae that help themselves." 

A aquali oaoght a party oroaslng a lake in Scotland and threatened to eapslxa their boat. In 
the cri^s, tha largest and atrongest man in the party waa In great alarm, and i£A, " Let us 
pny." " No, no," shouted tlie old boatman, " let the Httts man pi»]r ; you take an oar." 

One pupil at boardlng-aehool was remarked tat always having bar lessons well. A atnind 
compaoion asked how she sucoeedad in this, and waa told it was owing to her praying about the 
matter daily. "Wall, then," she said, "I will pray tool" But next morning she oontd not 
Tspeal her ieason. She raproaahed her (Hand as bung deositfUI. "Perhaps," r^oined the 
latter, " when yon prayed you took no pains to learn the leeaon." " I did not learn it at aU," 
aba reepoaded ; " I thoogbt I bad no need to learn when I fsayed." 

One of tbe Roman warriors attributed his victory to the &ct that the gods favored him be- 
«Buae he bagged for aucoeaa with his drawn sword in hia band, and fought while ha orled to 
iMaven (or help. 

8 lis 


2 KiNus 4. U-dl. LESSOK IX. Fibst Quabtbb. 

lUm to vocfc u well ■■ pnr. 
Clsuliui tlionT wronci amy : 
FlueMngupUw waadiof an. 
LeMnc baaTao'i mrm ■""*''»■ 

Self-flaonUlM h oftea the •eorat of snccea*. r«r, 34.— BoMnM, BourdaloiM, and 
Wawillnn form ■ triad at illuaUioiu French preicben, of whom the Utter ia bent known. In 
1T17 he preached the " Pettt Cai^me," a oounc of tea lectnren addreaied to the king, then niiw 
jeara old. Tbeae lectures were idyll'ui pictaree of the dntiae of good kings. When IfeMUloti 
waa, a year afterward, received Into tlw Academy, the Abbe Fleniy oompllmentad him on 
having aeoommodaled hia teaching to the yooth of the king, after the manner of Elilha, 
who oontracled himaeU to the meaanre of the child, mouth lo mouth, eyei to eyaa, handa In 

It la told of Pooaa, the Chineae potter, that he tried long to make wme great work for the 
emperor, but in vain. At length in d»pair ha threw himaelf into the fumace, and the effectoT 
hia aell-lmmolatioD on the warewaa that it eama out the moat beauUful pieoaaf porcelain ever 
ImaWD.— W. M. Ta^. 

A olargyman told an aflboting ineident to Ur. Whltefield, but in a oold, sonvenatiDnal waj. 
Soon aftar he heard Mr. Whltalleld preach and nee Ihli lama illustration with such effect that be 
£Hmd bimielf weeping like a child. The groat preacher, with all the thunder of bii voim, mado 
hiagenorea and wordaeeem part of the aool; he literally (i(r«u Ait aoW mA> lAmt. — Chtatr. 

Qaribaldl Beat out tbia proclamation: "Henof Italy, loffer you cold, hunger, raga, and death. 
Whoavn lovae hb country, let him follow me." And thej came from every direction, real war- 
liote, not holiday eoldiers. 


In the jneparation of thi« leaaon the entire chapter Bhoold be read, and from the dgfath ytns 
it ahould be carefully atudied. Bevaral linea of thought may be found in tbii leseon. 

1. We may pnacDt it aa a atnAT- in cAanoler. ThsBhunamndta mother ahowa aome noblft 
tl^ta. 1.) Aa a woman of high eoolal poaltlon, evidently the leading aplrit in the houaehotd, 
and Ml of earthly cam, ahe maintained a deep intereat in apliitual things. 1.) Bhe wae an at- 
tendant upon the publio meana of grace, going regularly to wonhip. Ver, St. >,) She wee- 
geneiona toward Ood'a oauaa and helpful to Qod'a wmkeni. 4.) She wae quick to appnoate th» 
iofloenoe of religion In her family. Ver. R. How olearlj she eaw the character of Eliaha. B.) Sh* 
waa homble though rich ; not ambiUoua of plaoc, but contented with her apfaera. Yer. IS. 
(.) Her meat marked trait waa her faltli, bellcTing that Qod through hia prophet could bring 
back her child fh>m the dead. Bach a charaotcr aa ttiia could be made a moat intorcoting' 

S. We may lake one trait of thia woman, and show her aa an examsla of fUth. t.) Faiih 
tried — the touching etoiy of the child'* death. Bemember, that this wm the child which had 
been given to her aa ■ reward for her aarvice of Qod to hia prophet S.) Faith working — ahe did 
not alt down in aorraw, but showed her fkich by her conduct. Every act, and even the things 
which aha did not do (fbr example, her ooncAalnicnt of the death from her husband;, showed her 
fldth. R.) Faith rewarded — show how abundant waa her reoompenae, and how gniat her gnti- 
tode, when she reaeivad her living aon into her arms. 

S. We may take the miracle aa aajmbolofthadiTlna woAlnC. 1.) Note the parental eolid- 
tude. We shaald be aa anxious fbr the aalvatiou of our children as for their lives. S.) The per~ 
nstent fUth, " I will not leave thee 1 " Here ie the apirit of a true aeeker after Ood. S.) Tho 
powerlees oaremony. Probably Eliiiha seat Gehaii as his repreaentative, wiUi the ataff as the 
ugn of hia authority. If the servant's Iklth had been that of his roaster, Ad could hava wrought 
the miracle. Qehau throughout the history shows the failure of a fomul, aalf-seekiag, cold 
heart. 4.) The auoceaaM prayer. Take £lisha in the cliainber with the dead child as an eiaro- 
pts of pTvyer, eatDoat, persevering, answered. G.) In the ratoiadoi] of the (Aild's life see at 
onoe a piocnre nf the salvation of a soul from death unto lifs, and a Ibretaate of the aaming 


Habch 1, 1891. LESSON IX. . 2 Knios 4. 2S-3r. 


1. TO SniOIAXi SOBJSOTS.— " ElUha BcMoring the Widow's Sod," Qiizut, Abw* 
^hlh tin BliU, iv, 121, "ElUh. the Prophola Type of Christ," A. Euunux, LmMmw m f i* 
Milory of StitKa, II. Bldmt. " Chunben of Elijth >t Shnnnm," THoMaan, latid and tli* £ook, 
i, US. "BhnD«mmlte>i Ban Swaed lo Lift," THOHSoit, it, ITT, 1T8. " PImm of Wonhip," 
Eduwbbix, Social L^t, 2£S. " Sappowd Viitue iu Elijah's StaO;" Tnox, ffandinoi of SiU* 
D^taUtlm, WT, 8 te. " Shnnem," Huduball, £iiaa Awm Jhlatint, SSB. 

S. TO BZBKONB AJH) ADHKBSBXB.— AoU in Sarlf Lift, Ehmohb. n« fflk- 
nanaitiU, V. Jat. Siilfima InJIiuntt of Jiotieri, Db. ILkrrHCiii. SMbmiition to Pnmtdtnct te 
U« Z)«M of (MUrm, P. Dodoubob, Iv, M. ^« iAif fii^MNMltMt ^ Ftvvidnc* an Qoai, 
C. Buuov. Qnet of Ckrutian CvurU^, Buhof Woumwobth. 

LESSON X.— March 8. 

GCUiDSN TBXr-Wlko ftnvtTOtti nil tUne InlaultlM: who heBlath all thy dlMMM. 

Pw. loa. 1. 


^nm.— Not loBC aftar the last Inaon ; perhafa B. C. BM. 
PTiAOIH.— 1. Ssmaaou, cqiital of the kingdom of Byria. i. Sa- 
maria, capita] of the kiogdem of lirael. 1. Th» JordM). 4. Tha 
Aliana, the main utream by whidi the pl^rt of Damaaoiu ia feitilind ; it 
bean now the oame Barada. It riiea la tlie high plain tonUi of Zebodanj, 
on Antl-Lebaaoa, where I aftenrard vlalted ila fbant^iu, and ruihga in a 
aonth-eaaterlf coime dovn the mountala llll it temee upon the plain. Here 
it turna eastward, and, flovlng B]<sig the north wall of tha dty, takea it* 
inif acroaa the plain lo the northern lakes. It is a deep, broad, raahing 
mountain Htnsm ; and allbongh not leas than nine or ten branehea are taken 
bom it fbr the supply of the mtj snd the plain, jet it atili flam on aa a 
lanre itreain, and enlen the middle lake by two ohannela. The watar ia 
Hai^ aod beautifoL— JiDAtiuD». e. Tb/t Fharpar, the modern Av^, that flows some dis- 
taiiee aonth of Damaseus. ID ■ooroe, oonne, and the lake into whiah it empties were flnt ex- 
plored by J. L. Porter in the year IBfia Tirrj/. It has two principal souroee, one high up on 

the eaatem side of Uemion, jtut Ixineath the oaatrai peak ; the other in a wild glen a few milea 
sonthwatd. Tbe stresmi unite near Saaa, and [he river flows eiitward in ■ deep rocky channel, 
and bill Into a lake about four milea south of the Uka into whioh the Banda bile. Although 
Ike Aw^j is eight miles dietant ftom the city, yet it flows aonita the whale plain of Damaeeus ; 
and large ancient canals drawn ftom it irrigata the fields and gardens almost up Co the walla. 
Tbe total length of the Aw^} is nearly forty milea, and in volume it la about one-fbarth tlut 
of the Barada. The Barada and the Aw^ era tha only riven of any importance in the diatrict of 
Damaaoua, and there can be little doubt that tlie former Is the Abana, and the letter the Pharpor. 
— /brt*r. 

PXBSOnB.— 1. The Ktns of Syria, probably Bea-hadsd. SL Tha Kinc of Xoaal, 
probably Jehoram. B. Naaman, a Syrian noble. Bee artiolo on Naamam's Cdstsuioii, 
page Iti 4. A. aaptiTO maid. fi. Naaman'a aerranta, S. BUaha. 

OOUH HtJiaSOr liXDTKB.— Between the laet lesaoa and this two mitaelee are reported. 
During a "dearth" in Gilical Ellaha by divine power prevonted the evil eSecte of poieotiona 
gnena aoddentally gathered fbr food. By the lame power hs fed one hundred men with a 
meager porUcm of barley loavee and Mia of com. 


2 KiNGB 6. 1-14. 

Fir.BT Quarter. 

1 Now Na'a-niftn, captain of the hoit 
or the king of Syr'i-a, wna u great 
man ' with hia mnster. and lionorable, 
because b; him the Lokd had siven 
■victory onto Syr'i-a: he was also a 
mighty man of vulor, but A« wai a 

3 leper. And the 8yr'i-ans bad gone 
out in bands, and had brought away 
captive out of the land of la'r«-el a 
little maid; and she ' waited on Na'a- 

1 Now 'Na'a-man, captua of the host 
of the king of Sy'ri-a, waa a 'great man 
■with his master, am] '■honorable, be- 
cause by him the Lord had given 'dc- 
liveraDCe unto Sy'ri-a: be was aL«o a 
mighty man in valor; but Jia itat a leper. 

2 And the Syr'i-ans had gone out bj 
companies, and had brought away cap- 
tive out of the land of la'ra-el a little 
maid ;BDdshe' waited onNa'a-man 

L THE OAFTini MAID. Tvtmi 1-4. 

1. NMunan— According (o Kome of the rabbis, the msn who drew tlie bow and unlnUntion- 
allj killed Ahab, the king of hnel. 1 Kioga ii. M. JoiephuB, in giving account of Abab'i 
doith, makes theMioe BtatemODt, butmakea no mendon of yuaman'a Icprony, oriucureb}' Elixba. 
—Tirrf. Oaptaln of tba host— Commaoder-in-chief. Kins of BttIb— See Introduetorj THotn, 
Fenona. Oreat man with his nuater — Official eminence id the East in lately due to myal 
&vor. Mere worth or popularity could never of themaelvea eecun il. But NiutiiiBii was "every 
inoh a soldier," and leetn^ to have merited honors by valor. And honorable — Bather, very 
rii!h.-—DiiU Comiuntttry. The Iiord had slvan dallTeranoe unto Syria — By some i^dC 
exploit Naaman had won a memorable victory. But that Jehovah wis the real deliverer is the 
thought of the Jewish writer. The Syrians would have put the case diSerently. Note that J^ 
bovah waa not regarded by the writer of " Kings " as exclusively the God of the Jews, nor wera 
(he Oeomes thought to be beyond his care. He helpa them Chough they know him TiaL—Lumbg 
and Terry. A lepar — The laws of the Jews eonceming the separalioQ of lepen from the reat of 
the people are given in Lev. 13 and 11, snd are extremely stringent. Clearly in Syria there were 
DO such regulations, for Nasman goes with the host to war, returns and livee st home with his 
wife and the household, and attends on the king whan he goes to worship in the house of Rlm- 
outD. — BoAt. The disease with which Naaman waa afflicted must have been of s lesi malignant 
oharaoter tlian leprosy genemlly Is, otherwise he would have been physically incapable of soldierly 
Aa.tim.—CamMdf4 £ibU. 

LaprMT Is a ilgirilcwu lyr* ef il> sod aplrltoal impurtcr. How nam tbere are ol great wortdl; 

honor and power, who have all of earth (hat heart need wlsli, but In spirit are lepen i—Iterrv. 
a«4 mmtm In a nf Herle« way. He vlalled cbk jneat mllllarT ctIle^ whom he had so magnlOed 
In other respects, with a disease which abould nuke blm honible, and Waeb him lo seek further 
grace. Tbat which saems lo us snd lo all the world to be Ihe greatast mlafortiuBi and which li 
mounied sa such. Is otlen. aocordlug lo Ood's wise counael, the way lo our higtiest goud-lortnne 
and welfare.— CaJuw BOleL 
Rank, nlgkl. and weallk, are the thhigs In which a man trusti who has not yet levueii to trust 
Ood; but the KcilpturasaTa: "Putnot TOnrtTust In rlcbea." Fia. 1M.S, G; 118. S. "Ahonelaa 
valD thing tor strength." Fa.n.17; "We brouibl nothing into this world." ITUn.A. T. 
OreM inilnB M et allied wilh ami defect. See ILLDaraATionB. Wherever Ibere Is great rortuua 
there la also a dlaeordaDt "bct," which, like a false ooM In s melody, nun Iti perTeetlon. 
A worm gnaws at the nx»ot every pleuure. and all Utebelow carries about with lithe genaa ot lis 
death,— If snlccn. llrerr man has some set In hit choracMr: something that blemlahea and dlmln- 
Isbea him ; some alloy to his grwndenr : sniite damp to hli Joy. H^ may be rery happy, very good, 
yetilDsomelhlogorotber, not so good sa he should be, nor so happy at he would be. Naamanwaa 
asgreUatthe world oould make hhn, but the baiett slave in Syria would not change iklns with 

S, 8,4. Br oompaniea— Marauding parties that roved slongthelsraeiilish borders in qnest 
(rfplander.— TVrry. A littlo maid— Tho world has journeyed a long distsnoe from that wild 
day of guetrilla warfaraandalsve-huntlng to this day of " Chriatlan oommiMiona '■ and arbitnt' 
lions; and the journey is not yet complete. When tho (bllncM of the Gospel of peace has «oma 
war will be no more. Waltad on Haaman'a wlfa— Some superiority must have been obaerrad 



2 Kings 5. 1-14. 

8 And she BBid unto her mistresa, 
Woald Qod my lord vurt 'with the 
prophet that it in Ba-ma'ri-al (or he 
would 'recover him of his leprosy. 

4 And im» weat in, aad told hie lord, 
snyiag. Thus iuid thus said the maid that 
i* of the land of Is'ra-el. 

5 And the king of 8y'ri-a said, Qn to, 
go, and I will send a letter unto the king 
of Is'ra-el. And he departed, and ' took 
(with him ten talents of silver, aod six 
tbouBond pMcM of gold, and ten changes 
of niment. 

Q And he brought the letter to the i 

in this little maid, or ebe would not have been selacWd na an iltcaduit la tlia home of so groM 
aminai Nmsiobii. Would Ood— The (SptivepiUea her proud roistrew. B«OOVer Um of hia 
laproar— Litenlty, \i matd gather kim/rom Mi laproty. The exprenioD is ao sllunon to tlio 
larselittab custom of shutting lepers out of the oatnp, and gathering them ia again after their 
leproey was healed. — Trrrf, And told his lord, that ia Naaman's lord, the Icing of Syria. — 
CaniMdg* BiaU. 

V t m \t m mBt clieoeee the rUhl ylare fer d*. Ter. ■. See UxOBTRATiom. God bas placed ua 
wtwre we are Iwcaaae U Is (be beat plaee lor tiM derelopiDeDt ol our ohsncter. If we oould at all 
tlmas fuUTbeUere this tmtb—wIiMilipIalnlTtauiibt Id tbsBlble-Uiere would be fewer quanels 
In Ctaurcbi boms, sod Kxilal life. It Is 

8 man's wife. And she said unto ber 
mistresB, Would Qod my lord were 
* with the prophet that U in 8a- 
ma'ri-a I then would he recover him 

4 of his leprosy. And 'ooe Went in, 
and told his lord, sajnug, Thus and 
thus said the maid that is of the Innd 

B of Is'ra-el. And the king of Syr*!-* 
said. Go to, go, and I will send a 
letter unto the king of Is'ra-el. And 
he departed, and took with him ten 
talents of silver, and six thousand 
'pieea of gold, and ten changes of 

6 raiment. And he brought the tetter 

poor, or deprlTed touoI Ugb aoolal 

peoide. Take TOUT envlronmenta, wl 

bj God, and make Uie most ol (bem. 

U payi to teaek ehlMren aboat Odd 

d wltli the lirtne Ood 

>r tbeji mar be, a* one of Ibe " laleou " Intmated in 

ParenCa abould earl; nuke tMIr ctiIia»D 
Not eveiT Sunday-icbool ■cbolar. luddeDlr 
H this Jewlab maid, wmld bare done sa 

md hli Mn aau 

his bolywonl. 

deprlred ot the adrantagei ot Church and bome, aa « 

maeb (or tbe Lard*! nuiie. 
H*w great Iblafi Ibe lUile autd bntngbt aboal wttboai knowing it. Qod often makaa me otiba 

nuat bulgnlBcsnt lustnimeaM (1 Cor. 1. K) for buUdioic op hli kingdom and apreadlog abroad 

tdi nania. Tbe least Importaut pemb In tbe houiebold becomn a llrlog proof of the aUonttml. 

Ubit. loTlDff care and providence of God, and of tbe deelaradoo. laa. U. 9.—MeMen. 
Tfce l» | «il « »ee »fre*BeMlng opportanlllea. Ver. S. Bee IllustiutionB. 

n. THB BOTJU. X.ZrmiR. Tai>M 6-8. 

6, 6. Oo to, go — Naaman was bo valued by the liing that not a moment must be lost, but he 
must start to seek fbr Ills cure at once. — Oambridfe BHU. I will sand > letter— There uiust 
have existed at this tithe such rdations between Israel and Syria as made oorrespondenoa between 
the two king* pnasiblc. The two nations were at pesos, as we see from verseT, where Jaliorain 
eiprcnca his dread of s qoarivl. The tone of the king of Israel eeeuts to be tlwt of one who 
fesred Syria, and for that reason wanted to avoid a rupture. — Ztimiy. The king of Iara«I — 
Probably Jehoram, Ahsb'a *on. Took with him — Vary ooally preaants are indiBpcDsablB as an 
introdootion in the EaBt.~.8i^ Commenlarfi. Tan talents (rf sUrer — About seventeen thou- 
asod dolliint. At this early date tliera was no ooinod monay. The silver and tbe ijold were in 
ban and weie paid away by weight. Bix tlioiiaand pleoea of Kold — About tiilrty-four thou- 
sand doUara, — Tirry. Probably "shekels" might be riad hero inntoail of piei.-es; there were 
abekels of gold, aiiver (1 Sam. ». 8), bniea (I Sam. IT. G), and iron (1 Bom. IT. T). Wfaon the 
■bekel camo (o bo a coin the sbckBl of ^old was worth about ten dollars.— CratAridgt BibU. Ten 
ohsoces of Talment— EapDoialiy valuod in tho Eaat, and often included in aumninria of wealth. 
Corap. Gen. 14. 33 ; S Cliron. >. 34.— Zumip, Sptcjidid drwaee for feadvo ocoiKionii, of which the 
OrientalB are very fond, the honor being thought to cousiBt not only in their beauty and flnenees. 


2 Kivos 5. 1-14. 

kiDg of Is're-el, SHjing, Now when this 
letter is come unto tbee, behold, I have 
thtrewiOl bodI Na'a-man my Hervnnt to 
thee, that thou ma;est recover him of 
his leprosy. 

7 And it came to pass, when the king 
of Is'ra-el had read the letter, that be 
* rent his clothes, and said, Am I * God, 
to kill and to make alive, that this man 
doth send unto me to recover a man of 
his leprosy 1 wherefore consider, I pray 
yon, and see how he seeketh a quarre! 

8 And it waa to, when E-li'sha the f 
man of Qod liad' heard that the kiog of 

to the king of Is'ra-el, saying, And 
now when this letter is come goto 
thee, behold, 1 have sent Na'a-man 
my servant to thee, that thou mayest 

' recover him of his leprosy. And it 
came to pass, when the king of la'- 
ra-el had read the letter, that he rent 
his clothes, and said, Am I God, to 
kill and to make alive, that this man 
doth send unto me to recovera man of 
his leprosy ! bat consider, I pray you, 
and aee how he seeketh ' a quarrel 
against me. And it was so, whea 
K-li'sba the man of Gh>d heard that 

bat ID having a viriety to put on, one alter another, in (he same nifclit. — BitiU CorameBtary. These 
pmentt were all exceedingly valiu1}le,aDd show the poverand riches ofNaanian, and his willlng- 
neea to go to any pains and expense in order to be tioaled. — Ttny, Bow when this letter — 
Thii a not the coinmoncement of the latter. The vriter only extracts fVom it the eonteDiw which 
conUina the request. The insertion of the copula "and" by the Bevised Ver^n shows this, and 
rcprcaenu the Hebrew more exactly. — Cambrldgt Si&U. The letter was aiinply a note of intio- 
dnotioa, as is the custom in the East, where the embassador is usually intrusted with SD oral as 
well as a written message. — BSir. That thou majeat reoover him of hie laproej does not 
imply that the king of Israel was in s relation of dependence to the Syrian king. Tlio king prob- 
ably thought of the prophet, of whom he had hoard such gnatthingi, ta tho chief of a sort of 
mag^, OT as the Israeli tish high -priest, who could probably boinduoed to uudeitake, on behalf of a 
fbreigner, those oeremonlee and functions of his office fVoin which so great results were to be ex- 
pected only by the intercceeioa of tlie Ving. — Xmkm. 

Bow men elhg (alllk. Ver. B, Bee iLLueraiTioMS. 

The rawer of i^rltBBi Iffnaranee. Ver. S. Bee IllcsTSatioNS. 

7, B. He rant lila olathea— Acoording to an an 
main object oulj was ilated in Che l«tter that wa* ca 
oamataacea were left to be explained st the inlerviaw 
— not horror at auppwed blasphemy, but alarm and i 
won for a quarrel. Such a prince oa he waa would r 

cient practice snieng the Eentem people Che 
rried by the party concerned, while other dr- 
. This cxpluoH Johormin's buret of emotion 
lUsfHcion that this waa merely mode an ooca- 
ot readily think of Eliiiha.— A^Ii Commen- 

I sign of grief, aa in 3 Kings 2. IS and in Qen. ST. SB ; Aometimee 
as here, it was indicative, of horror and alarm. Comp. also S Kings 18. S7 ; Eire 9. S ; Jor. 
SB. U.— Cambridg* BibU. To kill and to make alive- The disease of leprosy wan incurable, 
and so the request that it should be cared was such as the Author of litb alone couldgraut. Comp. 
for the language Deut. 8S. S9, " I, even I, am ho, and there is no god with me : I kill, and I make 
alive." So also in Hannah's song. 1 Sam. i. 8. — Lvmhg, Leprosy was regarded as the equiva- 
lent of death (Numb. 13. IS); to deliver fh>m it was to make alive. The unreason of the demand 
made it seem clear that the Syrian king was only seeking a quarrel. — Laiigt. It is not probable 
that the king spi^e the words. Wherefore c<muder, in the solemn audience in which the latter 
waa delivered to him : he uttered this suspicion rather in the circle of his Intimate attendants. — 
Sakr. Beeketh a quarrel — Jehoram tiuls to see the hand of God in all this ; bis worldly Hpirit 
diaoems only a strategem to break the peace between the two nations. He ima^nee Ben-hidud 
willask an impossible thing ofhim, and then, bcoauso he cannot work a miracle for him, will 
war against him. Hi* obtoseneas ia equal to Ben-hadad's ignoranoe. — Ttrry, It is only the one 
who feels his auperiority that ventures on eeeking a quarrel, and tmrn the timid wordi of Jeho- 
ram we may conclude that he thouglit the Syrians more than a match for him ; as was only nat- 
um1, since they bad dcfcaled his father at Ramoth-gilead not long bofore. He dreaded a renewal 


Habch 8, 1S91. LESS) 

Is'ra-el had rent liis clothes, tliat he sent 
to the )ciD<!, Bitjing, Wherefore bast tbon 
leot tbv clothes t let him come now to 
me, and * he shall know that there is a 
prophet in Is'ra-el. 

II Bo Na'a-man came with his horaee 
•nd with his chariot, and stood at the 
door of the house of E-li'aha. 

10 And E-Ii'sha sent a messenger un- 
to bim, sapng, Oo and 'wash in Jor*- 
dan Mren timea, and th; flesh shall 

2 Kings S. 1-14. 

the king of Is'ra-el had rent bis 
clothes, that he sent to the king, say- 
ing, Wherefore hast thou rent thy 
clothest let him coma now to me, and 
lie shall know that there is a prophet 
9 in I^ra-e1. Bo Na'a-mon came with 
his horsea and with his charioU, and 
stood at the door of the house of 
10 E-li'sha. And E-li'Bhs sent a mes- 
seoffer unto him, saying, Oo and wash 
in Jor'dan seven times, and thy flesh 

of ■ucbaconfllu.— Z»miy. Stmt hla elothai— If the irival of the coletwvlHl Sjiian with hii 
TatiDiM CBDud a mnaatlon in Samaiia itlll more muit the bet that the liiog hsd rent his olotbce i 
the nevB of it lew to the prophet, who wii then in the oapiial. Ver. S.—Langi. He sent to 
(h* Unc — The prophets of Jehovah wen now in no inch peril u they had been In Ahal/H 
day*. Eluha has hli houea in the royal dty, and haa no fear of sending a moisenger to the paUee. 
—CamMdge BibU. Wbarelbra beat tbon rent Otj elothai Why yield to such tnas;/ at 
emotion and aUnnt Hut thon forf;ollen the miracle in the wildenuaa of £dom (nee chap. B. tl, 
IS), and wilt thou aUll be stebbomly ignaiaoC that there is a prophet in larael through whom 
Ood worka }~TtrTy. The king, in his firlght, either did not think of Eliaha, or he did not believe 
at all that there wu aoy one who oonld help in auoh a oase. Stieha therefbre sends to him to 
nmindbim Chat tbere Is a prophet in larael. The Qod of Israel, in spite of the apoetasy of 
kinaend people, yetmakea himaelf knowo, in laving might, through hU servants the prophets. — 

C ' eae rl ea ee nakaa cawarfc sf ka4 bhb. The king ti terrlOed beaama be haa a bad ecHiielence. 

Job IS. n ; WtHtom it, 11. Buoh a nun alwsfi fliida more In a leUer Ihu It nyi. Tbuae who ita 

not tniM Ood do not tnut ana ■ootber. Inhl* tenor bell at a lose what to do. The king of Israel 

Ooes Dot kwnr what the inile majd knew.— I>>inge. 
(Mt God ■> reail; p««eiflii. Oreat men, who are accuslaned to Bod overy one ready to do their 

wUUotlenbeUeVBiln tbelrbllndaens. tbat ttaej ou miDniaDd that to be dons wbloh only Ood can 

do.— BOhr. 
Wicked BIB Ifiwn OW.(;aniaibeuts. when need drive* them, out Udnkf^Ood and hli prophet; 

wtwn tbelT tm li lerved, ean as Dtlwly toiyet them at It they were DoL— Btahoji Hon 
Xeal tar Oad. Ter. T. gm iLLimaiTIOIfS. 

m. THB ANQRT X.XIFEIL VarM* 9-13. 

9, 10. TTaaman oame — Doubcleaa with a great rslinoe. The diiplay wonld lesm ■neh as 
wotlld draw even a jm^bet fbrth Co behold. — Lumif. Tbs bouse of ^"i**"-, before the door 
of whklk Haamanatood (ver. >), waieertaioly not a palaoe. So that the " great man" did not go 
in, but waited ibr the prophet to come out to bim, and recdved him in a manner befltUiig Ma 
rank. — Sikr. Sent a uisasuiiiui — He would not reepect Naaman'a pride enough to do him the 
honor d going out to him in person. It was hie purpose to bumble the proud spirit of the Syrian 
soldier. — Ttrry. He vahted to ehow to Naanun ooee for all that thia princely magnifloence, thii 
splendor of earthly honor and wealth, did not affect him at all, and that there was not the least 
eanse in all this why Naaman should be helped. He wished to prevent this (braigner tram think- 
ing that the help came from the prophet, and that he had the healing power in himself, and also 
to prevent him or any other fkom ascribing the cure to the application of any external means; for 
the Syrians knew as well as ttie Israelite* that the Jordan oouJd not heal leprosy. Ifsaman wa* 
to undentand that be wa* healed by the grace and power of Almighty God, at the prayer of the 
prophet. — JfinJbih Wash In J'oidjin — This command was another meaeure deeigneii to hom- 
bls Maaman even more than the neglect of the prophet to come oat of hia house to see hlni. — 
Tirrg. SeroD times — Since the seven days of Ood'i flnt week, the nomlwr " seven " has been 
held aomewhat more sacred than other numbers. Hence lU frequent mention in religions services 
and esremonisL Compare also ita ooourreno* in the narrative of the deluge ; In the appuintjneut 


2 Kings 5. 1-14. 


coma Bgun to thee, and tlion ihalt be 

11 But N&'ft-man was ' wroth, and 
-wentawaj, aod said, Behold, 'Ithought, 
He will surelj come out to me, and stand, 
and call on the name of the Lord his 
Ckid, and ' strike his hand over the place, 
and recover the leper. 

12 Are not 'Ab'a-na and Phar'par, 
rivers of Ba-tnaa'cus, better than all the 
waters of la'ra-el ! may I not wash in 
them, and be clean? So he turned and 
* went Bwa7 in a rage. 



■hall come again to thee, and ■ thou 

11 shall be clean. But Na'a-maa wa» 
vreth, and went away, and said, Be- 
hold, I thought, He will surely come 
out to me, and ataud, and call on 
the name of the Lord hb Ood, and 
wave hia hand over the place, and re- 

12 cover the leper. Are not * Ab'an-a 
and Phar'par,.the riven of Da'maa-cua. 
better than all the waters of Is'ra-el? 
may I not wash in them, and be clean I 
So he turned and went away in a 

oftliepUMver; in the observuica* conncoMd with (ha oleuuinjt of lapen, wblali ma; ■Mount for 
the UM of the nomber hi the prennt ouTBljve. It was tha number of tha pritBta wlio blew with 
tnunpata before the vbu the paopla entered the holy land, and forievan d>yii they were to own- 
p<M Jericho, and on the aevanth day to do no aavan (imea. Iheea are bat a few out of the In- 
•tanoes in whioh the Dumber I* idmUarly uud. — Ctsiiirid^t Bibit, Thy flaah ahall ooma afaliL 
to tlLse — In leproiy nw flash appear* and running torea are Ibrtned, lo that the rliirafrnl pemon 
dieeat laatofemaoUtian and dropay. The aun, tharafbre, oonatata in the restoration of fleah. — 

Hone* tai ctaariau, external (randeur and dliplay, murt often be onplojed to oonoeal intcnia) 
ei o[ the world and to Impoae upon It. A gwiDiM niaa o( Ood doca doc. how- 
r to be deoetved, or lo be bribed IqrpgmpanddUplay.bDIIwapeakiout wbalever 
»(tier tt ploues the world or not. 
M tnia ireatMa. Ver. B. Bea iLLCBlaATiOKS. 
Ike Tcrf drnpHcUy t Ihe Ooepel li a slonMlag-bloek M the vrovi. 
Hard Zot prMo M r*mt 4oim. Ver. 10. Bee ILLtISTaj>TIOKS. 

11, 18. But Haamam waa wroth — He waa not wont to be treated witli Indilbrcnoe Ilka 
Mb. I thought — He had pictured in hin own mind a reoeptiou worthy of a kinft, He waa ex- 
alted in hb own eyea, and had marked out Id his own fanoy a mode of cure to suit hluueiC 6o 
with many who presume to seek the grace of Ood in the Ooapel. — Tar^, He hunself tells what 
ha had expected. Elistm's brief answer sounds to him like aoom. — l/mgt. And atrlka (K. 
V. wave) hia hand over the pIao«— The verb Ik the one (o oonitantly used lo dasoribe the 
manner of tlie wave-offering (Eiod. 89. 34, SB \ Lev. 9. SI ; It. 19, M). It ie also used of wav- 
ing the hand as a signal (Ihl. 10. S2 ; IS. S), or in sngor (Zech. 2. S). Nsanisn'a notion seems to 
have heeo tlist Ellifaa would rob his hand backward and forward, over the affbcted parte ; Or per. 
haps make passes aver tbem.~GiFn^'dp< ^Ot. A prevaieot superstition in tlie Kaet, that the 
hand of a king, or pemon of gnat aanotity, waved over a Kore, will lical it.— Kbit Commmtar]/. 
Abans . . . Fharpar—Seo Introductory Note on Plaoss. Better than all tbewatan otbraal 
— It was natural for the Byrian captain lo prafar the atrcBms of his own land to those of an ene- 
my's oountry. The Jordan is described by Hobbison as a " deep, sluggish, dUoolored stream ; " 
and as it flows In its deep bed through wild, desolate jungles, until it empties Into the Dead Sea, 
Naauuui might have thought it a useless river in oomparisoa with (hoae limpid rivers of Damas- 
ous. whioh, flowing through the great plain, change it fmm a desertto a paradtso.— r<rfv. Once 
and again we crossed the Bands (Abana) by low bridges ; and sa we bohald its fertillilng powers, 
and recalled the barren sldea of Jordan, vre oould but sympatblie with the nstnrsl fsaUng of 
If aaman.— Trittram. 



, 1891. 

3 Kings S. 1-14. 

IS And his BervantB came near, and 
■pake nnto him, and Boid, My father, if 
tM prophet liad bid thee do tome great 
thing, wouldest thou not have done it f 
how much rather then, when he saith 
to thee. Wash, and be clean? 

14 Then went he down, and dipped 
himself sevea times in Jor'dan, accoiiiinK 
to the sabring of the man of Ood; and 
" his fleah came again like unto the flesh 
of a little child, and be " was clean. 

13 rage. And his serrants came near, 
and spake unto him, and said, Mj 
father, if the prophet had bid thee do 
some great thing, wouldest thou not 
have done it ! how much rather then, 
when he saith to thee, Wash, and be 

14 clean f Tlien went he down, and 
dipped hinuelf seven times in Jor'dan, 
according to the sajing of the man 
of Qod: and his flcsU came again 
like unto tlie fleeh of a little cMld, 

oondlUon of oltien ; binr ihe upbnldi ber oppoalta wILh tbe proud compariaan of 

NUure la never but tike lieraelf . No nurrel It carnal mlndi ampin) the fooL- 

, Uie atrnplidty at BCrameDti. tbe bomellneM o( ceremoiilei, tbe ■eemlnir 

urea. Tbeae men laA a^oa Jordaa wlCb Syrian eTes i one drop o[ wboae wnlen, 

le anUnatfon, haUi more virtue than aU Uie ttieami at Abona and Plurpu-.— 

re mi aal ksBTf lalcB. nnder ttie ooDMlounien ot tbe spiritual mlwrot iln tii& 
flcath. woold be clad It UM Wont would order them lo tbe utmon end of tbe eanb, and wonld 
eDminaiHl Ibem lo mate tbe pUgrtmaice wltbout iboea under Ibelr tret, or coiertng upon Ibeir beidt, 
and lo Klve all tlwlr SDoda lo tbe poor, uid to brand and torture Ibelr bodies with oheiliiemenla, 
becaoH Uiat wonld corretpond to tbelr aeaaual teellng. and to preoonoelved opinion : but ther 
cannot reeonntte tbemjelTes to Uie Ooapel ot tbe grace ot God, thai be sent bli aon Into tbe world 
■■ a laiipltlalloD for do. l Jobn *. lO.—Mtnkat. 
L Bee Illubtutiohi. 

beratleBallM. Tbe a prltfrinotlooi wSlob men form, whleb become pre]u- 

dlonlnlbelr mlndi, and bj wblob tber meanire tblngi. TberlnTeota Ood Inlbelcown mlods. 

aodROtolbe Bible lo aee If Iber Bnd Un nnra Sod tbere ; It not, tbej leject bim. Tbej tonn a 

priort DOUoni ot CbrlA ot tbe Bible, of rsUslon, and tbe war In wblcb religion oogbt l» be pre- 

nnied to tttem, ot placer, ot Pnvldenoe, of the nkoivneDU, etc. It tbeae ue not utlilled Iber 

torn awajr aiUTj. If Ihe dim— ot UmIt aouli cannot be bealed u ther bare made up their mlnda 

that Iberougbl to be healed, then Ibej will iwt have tbembealed at alL— IT. O. SumiMr. 

Iibamtfa. "I thought" ii themo« mlghtjot a]lml;^tjtblngaoneajtb.aiHleTeDlf It 1* not the 

moat nilDOiw ot all rulnom Ihliisi, It li ret eertalnlj Ihe moat uDfortunale of all uutortuiuUe odm. 

"IthMKbt" brouKbtsln and iiilwij anil dealta Inio tbe world, and It prevents redemptloa tram 

abi and death la tbe eate ot Ibouaanda. Theae Ibonaanda, If the; perlab In tbelr opinion, wm 

besln tbe nexl Ule wltb " I tbougbl."— Idnije. 

IS. Hla •erranti oune near — As the cliiof nunUten of the king are called "servants," 

Ihot^ tbe; probably are of distinguiafaed rank, so the servanlB of Kaaman were probably persona 

zwarljrhis equala in every thing exoeptrepulMion, and so tliey could oome and apeak freely to hint 

without fear of giving offense. IS-T flkther — There is no other instance where servonls addreaa 

tlieir rnanter in such terms. The word which, because it is unusual, some have endeavored lo 

explain as a oorruptioa, indicates the aOeetionate relations whioh exiHl«d between Kaanuui and 

Ihoae ainutliim, and prepare us Ibr his ready listening t» their penuasion.—CbmMii^iitiib. That 

which Naaman believed to be contempt and rudeness really proceeded, in the case of Elishar 

ftam genoine love to hhn, aiid humility and obodience to Qod. — Laiig4. 

UmmlWj Is the ked wladiHiL Bee iLLnsrSATiOHB. 

1^ nien want ha dow^ — Hia rage iiad first gone down, and thus ho was in fitter oonditiox 
to undertake tbe journey comuiandod bim. And dipped bfmaelf •area tilmea- Wot only in 
llmjonniey to the river, whioh was without any display, and merely tcnninaled at aome lonely 
spot on the river's brink, but alao in the repeated dippinga waa the &ith of Naaman put to t)ie 
teat. — C^na^nc^* SOilt. It is a great ttiing when a man ia witling troia hla heart to lubinlt him- 
•elf lo the ordinances wliich God has established for his aalvallon. — KmmmaeAtr. The ouro was 
la of God's oi)v8nant with Israel. Seven wan the syml)oi of the oovenant — ffmi. 



2 Kisos 5. 1-14. LESSON X, Fiest Quabtkr. 

Nbmiuui undoubtedly had the rBllgiouo ideas which were miiveiwt in heatheDdom. He re- 
fpvded the gods of Syria, which lie had been educated lo wonhip, ag real i[od>. None of them, 
-or of [heir prieete or prophets, oould cure him of lepros;. Ha heiird by chimce the fnma of Eliihi, 
HS one who wrought wonden !□ the name of tlio Ood of Israel. Now, no heathen would mainl^n 
that his nstioDfli divinities wore the only true gods. Bennacherib declared Ihst he was conquering 
Judah by the command of Jehovah, whom he reoogniied as the god of that countiy. The heathen 
colanieta whom the liing of Syria brought to populate Samaria attributed tlie ravages of tha wild 
beasts to tbe tact that the worship of the god of the oonntry was not provided fbr. It was the 
notion of the heathen that each country had its god, so that Syrians worshiped Syrian godi and 
Hebrews the Hebrew god. To the heathen this seemed perfectly natural and correct. On tlie 
other hand, Che Hebrews dedared that Jehovah wan the one only true god of all the earth, and 
that tbe gods of the heathen were millitieii (vanitien, Engliah Yenton). Naanum <Iid not violate 
the principles of his religions edQcatioa when he went to Eiishs : Ahaziah,when he sent to Eknai 
<cliap. 1), did. 

Saaman came with ■ letter from the kinj< of Syria to the king of Israel, and he eeme with 
gitts, and in pomp — all aooording to heatheD iilcaa of the means of inducing the propliet to exer- 
<use hia power. He was to be armed with the intluenoe of authority and rank ; he was to appear 
as a great man, for whom it was well worth while for the wonder-worker to do whatever he poa- 
Mbly could, and he brought the material means whieli his cipericnoe among wiiardK, diviners, 
aoolhsuyera, and priests liad caught bim to regurd oa imliriponsablo. 

The king of Israel was terrified at the demand ; but tlie prophet intervened. We are sur- 
prised at this feature. If Kaaman'n emnd was really to EUehn, the literal words of the letter 
would not have been a command that tlie king Bliould heal him (ver. t), but that he ahould com- 
mand his subject, tbe prophet, to exercise his powen on tbe Syrian'H behalf. Thus Uie king would 
have simply referred Naaman to Elisha for the latter ta do what he could. The story is evidently 
. ea inoch abbreviated at this point that its smoothness is impured. Naatnan oomes in sll his pomp 
to the door of Elisha. Ha receives the prophet's command, and his words in verses II and IS 
bear witness again to wide and deep heathen conoeptions. In verse II he describes graphically the 
mode of pcrtoimance of the heathen wizardit. " I thouglit, he wilt stand [tnko up a ceremo- 
nious and solemn attitude] and call upon the name of his Ood [repeat a formula of Inoantetlon], 
and strike his hand upon the place [with a solenm gesture] and remove the leprosy," Hod he 
oome all that journey to bo loid In bsthel Could water cure leprosyt If it oould, ms there not 
the pure water of Abana and Pharpar, better fur then tJie sluggish and muddy water of Jordan t 
Hia pomp and state were thrown away : the man of Ood did not even oome to look at them. Hia 
high credentials were wasted ; the means of cure prescribed tai hhn might have been praaeribed 
for the poorest outcast in Israel. The deep and permanent tnith of this fWure, and also of tbe 
prophet's refljsol to accept money, is apparent The difference between the Jehovah religion and 
the heathen religions is sharply portrayed by the contrast In each point between Maaman's eipao- 
tations on the one hand, and tbe prophet's words and aodona on the otiier. 

The Syrian's servants suggested to him the eeniiible reflection that he ought not to despise tbe 
prophet's oommsnd. He went, bathed, and was cleansed. He then returned (o reward the prophet, 
but found that the pinphet did not give hia help as a thing to be paid for. The Syrian waa iMt 
to think that the prophet bad osod a power which was his own, and which might be paid tor, 
whereby the obligation would be discharged. The service came from Ood ; It was a freeaat of 
graoe ; a apeciai blesunji upon thia one, and lie n foreigner, while many Israelitisli lepers r«- 
mained uacleansed. Luke 4. ST. The prophet and his God were not at the service o( any one 
wlio came and could pay a certain price ; they wrought only where and wlien there was good 
reason, and when they did so the recipient of grace la; under an obligation which he never could 

In rcitard to Noaman's worda, " Now I know that there Is no Ood in all the earth but in 
Israel," a careflil scrutiny shows that the proposition Is not strictly ooeurate, for the God of Is- 
rael is, and was, not only in Israel but In all the earth. The true propoaltion would be: "Tba 
Ood of Israel is the only true Ood, and he reigns over all the earth." In tlie very fiinn of hi* 



Habch 8, 1891. LESSON X 2 Emos S. iL.. 

conftnion Nmuiuil Bbowi that his mloil imi itill ander the bite of the heathen idea of local del- 
tias, *o that he aaya that [here la no Ood anywhere else In the world but in lanel. No other had 
- bean able to heal him ; but Jehovah had done no by apparently very indgniSeant mean*, henoe 
ha eatasmed Jehorah true and etteemed othera very lightly or not at all. It tthnuld be noticed 
alao that the oonoepUon whidi he Beenia to have reached waa that which was held by veiy many 
of the Jews ; namely, that Israel alone had any Ood. and that the rest of the world ««a godleos ; 
tlieir own goda wera nuQiUui, ond Jehovah did not caie for them, bo that they had no god 
at ii1l. He deteimined to demte himaelf to the worehip of Jehovah for the net of hie days. He 
theicfoiQ, very naturally, in aeconianoe with the name idea of local or territorial divinitioii, asked 
for euth from Paleatine 1o build an altar fbr the worahlp of Jehnvah. He alao made one l\irther 
requeot. Hla doty at hix maater'a eonit (although It ia diffioult to undorstand how a leper conld 
have had that office) waa to attend liia maater, and aupport him vhen he went to wonhip in the 
temple of the Syrian Ood, Kimmon. 

The idea that Koanian woa " oonverted " to the worahip of Jehovah in such a sense that he 
went over to the Hebrew idee of the other gpix l<\ without foundaUon. It la a modern idea, which 
baa no plaoe in this oonnoction. Naomon did not feel at all bound to keep away fVom the temple 
of lUmmon, aa an early Chriatian would have kept away fVoni an idol temple. Hia last requaat to 
the prophet ia, that when be goes into this temple in the couim of his official duty, it alioll not bo 
regarded as a violation of his vow to pay all hid worship, for the fbture, to Jehovah, to the neg- 
lect of other gods. To this the prophet anawere: " Go in peaoe," that is, Your ainoere per- 
formanoe of your vow ahall be recognized, and tbia conduct shall not be interpreted aa a viola- 
tion of it. 

The moat important and moat instructive feature of the atory remans. It woa not the water 
«ilher of Jordan or of Abana which could heal. It wa« the obedienoe of thin liauglity general to a 
maikdate which aeeoMd to him Mvoloua and aheard. In the soopels fiuth is the first requiallo ' 
in ^milar cased of healing, and so it was here also — fiuth and obedienoe. Naamau came with liis 
mind all made up oa to how he waa to be healed, and he turned away in anger and disgust 
fiom tlie course which the prophet prescribed. Yet, when be turned back, even with a lame and 
half-doubting faith, and a holf-unwillinf; obedienoe, he was healed. This is the permanent truth 
which is.iuvolTed in the story. Naaman was a type of the rationalist wboae philosophy providoa 
him with a priori dogmaa by whioh he meaaarea every thing which Is pioposed to hi* fiiith. He 
toniB away in contempt where blth would heal him. That is the truth which the stoiy serves to 
enforce.— iVi/, W. G. Sunairr. 


Great emlaeMce wltk sad defect. Ter> !• — When the French embassador visited the 
illustrious Bacon in hia lost Illness, and found bioi in bed with bis curtains drawn, he addreesed 
to him this fhlsome compliment : " You are like the angels, of whom we hear and read much but 
have not the pleasure of seeing them." The reply was, " If the compluaancc of othen tells me I 
jun on angel, my inflrmitiea tall me I am a man." 

A famous ruby was oflbred to the English government. The report of thecrown jeweler was that . 
it wastbeflneathehadeverBeenorheardof,butthatoneof the "facets" was slightly thwtured. That 
iurtsible f^aoture reduced its value many thousands of dollars, and it was rejected from the regalia 
of England. 

When Canova waa about to oommenos bis Aunous statue of Napoleon bis keen eye detected a 
tiny red tine running through tlie splendid block ol marble that at great ooet had been fetched 
from Tania, and he ref^ised to lay chisel upon it. 

The rose baa its thorns, and every day its night, £ven the sun shows spotn, and the aky la 
darkened with clouda. Bo defects of some kind nestle in every boeom. — Spfirjiion, 

It li the Uttle rUt within tbe lute 

That by and by will make the muale mute. 

And, aver widening, slowly sllenoe oU.— Tcnnueon. 


3 Kings 5. 1-14. - LESSON X. Fiest Quartke, 

would diapUy the wbdom of God If 1 oould mouDt atree like a bird I " How Toolisb. We ad- 
min the mole iu ita tunnola tad outlea, and tha Suh outting tbs wmvg with igile fill, hot out of 
these apherca Oity would be ridloulou*. PnDvid«tios appoints our BurrouDdiiiip ao that oor 
po^doD la tho beat/or iu.~i^urfeon. 

A little bO)- ut in front of Ijig fkther utd hold tho reins which controlled a raativa horae. 
Dcknown to tlie boy they passed around bim and ware also in his falhar's hand. When Ui« 
father saw oocasioD to pull one of them the child M^d, witb artless simpUdty, " Father, I tlioujtht 
I was drivinft, but I am not ; am I) " 

I am as a child sittii^c ia a boat. If left to itself at rowing, its right hand being the atronger, it 
would ciDstontly keep the boat turning round and round. Without a guiding power it might be 
carried out ol the harbor into tlie ocean and loat. But the father tite in the at«m and causes (he 
rudder to TMti^ the mlstakea of tho oara. When the Father guide* all works for good. — Btethtr. 

I dare not ohooae my lot, 
* I would not it I mUbt. 

Cbooae thou [or me, my Ood ; 
So gliaU I walk artcbL—Bonor. 

The Imporlanoe of redeeming opiwrtsnltieft. Ter. 3.— "Your husband miut bsu 
exoeedingly clever man " was the remark made to a lady whose huaband had acoompllahed a won- 
derful work. " No," was the auswer ; "he ii not cleverer than many olhor men. But the diffetencs 
is be makea uie of all hi* opportonities." 

Look at yon millerl How dooa be grini his ifristl Does he bargwn that he will only grind 
in the weat wind becauae iCa gales are healthy I No, but the east wind which aesrcbes the mar- 
row makea the mlllatoiiefl revolve, and, together with north and south, it yokes to hii sorvioe. Bo 
should our upa and downs be Cuniod to advantaga-^-^urpMn. 

A widow dwelt in a oottaga on ■ daogaroua sea-rhoro. Many times her heart melted at the 
sight of wreekedveaselB, One ilormy night the thought ooourred to her to put her lamp in the window 
as a beaoon. She did ao ever after while aha lived, and thus saved many a crew from peri-hing, 

A young man applied for the position of salenman In a large eatablishraent. " Can you aell 
goods T ^' he waa aakod, " Yds, to a parson who wishes to buy-" " So can any one," replied 
tlie merchant ; " we want men to so infiuenoe customers that tlivy will buy whether they want or 

The South Amerloan raln-trea aheorba moisture, and when drought seta In given it forth again, 
thus refroahiDg vegetation. So should we render timely service. 

There la one kind of diamond which, if eiposed in sunlight, and then taken Into a dark. 
room, emits light. By oontact with Christ we beoome sources of virtue to otheTs, 

Ulaa not the occadon ; by ttie toreloiA take 

That subtle power, tiie never-balUnK time, 
Leat a mere moment's putting off should make 

lUsehaare almost aa beaiy ssa crime.— ITordsiourtA. 

How men eling to llfk* Ter> ft. — A vessel cauj^t in a t-Wrm was sinking near ahore. 
Many passengera were returning from the gold diggings. The only chance of escape lay in 
swimming. A row of strong men stood on deck binding round their waists leathern bags full of 
gold. Tliey sprang into the sea till only one man was left. He saw them Hitik to rise no more. 
LooUng at the gold he had dearly earned with the hope of gluing ease, iind tlien at the distant 
shore, he saw ha oould not save it. Throwing it overboard, he sprang in, straggled for dear life. 
and gained the shore. 

" Wherefore should I die, being ao rich t " said Cardinal Beaufort, a chancellor of England. 
" If the whole realm would save my life I am able by poUoy to get It or by richen to buy it, will 
death not be hirod ! " 



2 KiNOs 6. 1-14. 

TIM pognet piTTif btflHed with pflww tnO beallh 
IvarjatonXbMuCnmamvlailiifmaUh.—H.K. WMU. 

The power of splrilnal Ignonmce. Ver> 6,— Rev. J. D. Gordon, > medloal misdon* 
■ry, received a leqaeit rmm a nBtive to visit his alok chitdren. Complying promptly, ha found 
thechiidrea dend. The native ahar|^ him with oauiiitig their death, and tomnhawked him on 

Hngh Miller climbad a loHj cliff for a ravec'e neat. Within hii feel of Che prize he reached 
a very amooth rocli. Fxamining thin, iie mw it iraa chlorite— a rock too §11ppery for any foot- 
hold. — He gave up the projecL Five yenre later a famous cragiitian reached the uine point. 
Knowing nothing of olilorita, he ventured on the emooth rock, waa Khot over the precipice, and 

MUller. the great phyeiotoglet, was a zealous Komanlat. He once knelt in prayer before aome 
TL-lics. Suddenly jumping up, he exclaimed, " Theee are the bones of an aiH ! " With others they 
ya^Mtd for thoae of some aoiut. 

A little boy was horn blind. Aftfr being sucooasfhlly operated on, he gazed on the earth and 
«ky for the tint time. " mother ! " he cried, " why didn't yon tell mo It waa so beaatifbl I " 
" I tried, dear," abe replied, " but you eould not uniientand me." Without ipiritual eight error 

Brainerd aaya of the American Indians : " When I iostnicted them about Chnat'i miracles 
they nfemd to similar wooden performed by th^ divinities— a fatal obstruction to their oon- 

To the jaundiced honey tastes bitter, and those bitten by mad dogs ftar water. A ikiae 
ojHnion has no leas power than the bile in the one esse, or the pineon in the other. — ^srvttw. 

Ignorance is tbe dominion of absurdity. — fVoadt. 

Zeal for Gml' Ter. T. — Cromwell, in announcing the victory at Nsaeby to the House 
of Commons, said : " Thia is none other but the hand of Qod, and to him alone give the glor^ 
wherein none are to ibars with him." 

When one de*ired to know what kind of man Ba^ war, there was pieaautcd to him in a 
dream a pillar of firs with this motto: "He la all on fire, a-lightfh>m Qod." — Srocla. 

Professor MelviUe, of St. Andrew's, Scotland, waa very xeoloos (br the cause of God, In the reign 
of James YT. When some one blamed him fbr being too hot and flcry he only aaid : " If jod 
at* my Are go downward put it out, but if it go upward let it return to its own place." 

" Dr. Bellamy made Sod big," said an old negro to Ur. Baokus, his sueceesor. 

Theiv is a limit beyond which patience beoomss pusillanimity and charity eawardioe. — 
ir. A. D. 

Exteraala no index to irne greatness. Ver> 9. — Johnson once went prying about 
^ioldamith's lodgings. " I shall soou be in better lodgings than theee," said Ooldsmith. " Never 
tiiinil, rir," replied Johnaon, " Your reputation rendereyou independent of ootward ahow." 

Qroaaeteste, Blahop of Lincoln, was asked by hi* slapid brother to make a great man of him. 
" Brother,*' said the biahop, " If your plow is broken I'll pay for the mending of it, or if jour 
ox die I'll buy you another, but I cannot make you great. A plowman I found you, and such I 
mukt leave yon. — SmiiM. 

Lytaniai held that beauty gains little, and deformity losee much, by gaud; attire. He re- 
fused rich garmenti Diouysius sent lo hia daughters, saying, " Tbey would only makeunhappy 
Gices more remarkable." 

Nothlrig is more dmple than greatness ; indeed to be umple, is to be groat.— Em4rton. 

Dr. Watts, in compsny with friends, overheard a atranger say, " Whatl is this the great 
Dr. Watts I " Taming to tlia questloDer, the doctor repeated the verse : 
re I so tail lo reach the pote. 


2 EisoB 6. 1-14. LESSON X First Quaktbb. 

TbB KMil (d ttali man li bit cloUie*.— Wmtetpeart. 
Plain wlUioat pomp, ud ildi wlttKMit a riiaiT.— DrvdM- 
Kanr ■ nuirn (utw* a bald forabaad.— £. B. Broimdia. 

HMTd for pridfl to cOBe down. Ter. 10.— NuunUuta find it l«u euj to teach 

a moimtaia flower to aoaommodate tteolf to ■ low locality than to penoade one whioh beloDga to 
tfaa vallfl}' to live at a krfty abration. — OtMrit. 

A Spaniard in South Amenoa Kuffered ■«veie1; Irom gout, but reftmd to he oured by an 
Indian. "Iknow," aaidhe, "ha taa famonaphysioiaD, and would moat oeitainly oare me ; but 
he ia an IniUan, and. wonU aqasL ««jminn» I eannot pay to a man ofoolor. I prefer remainitig 

BntBun. proodman, 
Divat In a Utile brief autborltr, 
naja aucb [anIaMlo trlcki before biKfa hearen 
U make (in uigele weep.— Sfuiftapeare. 

pMjDdloe kindera (ood> Vera, lli 12> — A Indy who exoelled In ■"■'■''■y wix flowera 
and fhilt wM oriUcdHd severely by faer ftiendi, and her work deoried, aa aho thought uqjuatlf. 
Bhe convicted them by ihowlnji them id apple, whloh they found fimlt with aa to shape, color, 
etc When the; had flniahed, the kdy eat tit appU and id4 it. 

A man aald to Hr. Dawaon, " I like your aemiou vatr moch, but the aftw-maetings I de- 
eplw. When the pntyer-meetlng begini I alwaya go up into the gallei; and look down." 
" Well," aaid be, " the >«aion U yon go on the top of your neighboi'H hoiiM and look down hia 
chimney to uamine hia fire, and yon onlj get emoke in your ayes. — Talmagt. 

Sir H. HoUaitd, after deaoiibinEa fimple but effloKdoua oourae of practice in dealing with an 
obMinate complaint, aaya : "The aimplicity of the meana fomi* a hinderano* to thair luffldeat 
application." A ihrewd medical obiiarver eaya country paUoniB, when aeriouilj ill, inaiet upon 
diaatio treatment ; gentle measuiee (hey naent aa an impalatioa on the gravity of the oaaa. — 

Hniallltr 1* tke beat wisdom. Ter. 13.— Our humiliatjon* work ont joya. Tfa» 
way ■ drop of rain oomea to sing In the top of a tree alt aununer long ia by going down to tli» 
rooU flrat, and tfaenoe saoending to the boughs. — AnUr. 

A French general, riding on horseback at the head of hia troops, heard a soldier oomplidQ, 
" It is eatier to ride than to walk." Dismounting, he oompcUed the soldier to get on. Coming 
through a ravine a bullet atruck the rider, and he fell dead. Then the general said, "It issafteto 
walk than to rida 1 " 

King Edward invited Leolln, Prince of Wales, then on the opposite ahore, to a eonfarenoo 
about inattara in digpute between them, but Leolin refluied. Edward passed over to him, on 
which he leaped into the water, and said, *' Moat wiao king, your humility ha* oonquerad my 
pride, and your wisdom triumphed over my folly. Mount on my neck, whioh I have exalted 
against you, and enter the country your wisdom has made your own," and, taking him on hi* 
slioulderB, be did him homage. 

Shall we preeumeto alter the angle at which Qod cboosei to be worstupedt — Tloraou. 

"Take me, break me, make me!" should betlie cry of all who wish to get most, be moat, and 

Ha that la down need tear do I 
Ha that Is low no pride ; 

He that Is humble ever shall 
Have God to be bla guide. 


Much 8, 1891. LESSON X. 3 Kinqs S. l-l'l, 


In thia leoon no on« san &il to nota Qm tpWtati inaloKiea vhioh ran parallel with th« lin» 
of incUleDU. The ftote nhould be atated, and the applioaUooa made *U Ulroiigh tlie ttoTj. 

1. The lepar. Take Numan'a eondition u a Ijpe at the ■innar'B, Doting that (dn, lika 
leproay, la no Teapecterofpereona, and that Nsaman, though "agnat Sua," wasafterall a leper. 
There are four baita in irhloh 1epit»; atanda «a a t;p« of ain. 

1.) It Tna itndilarf, bom in the blood. The leper'i child was almost iiirs to have leproe/, 
tlKKigli in intanej hia bodjr Rsve no sign of the malady. 

I.) Ifrnttd^tUiif. The teacher ahonld DN dtrcration in doseribin^tba loatbaoma aapeetB oT 
lapm;, but ahoald enforce the parallel between It and Bin In thebeart. Among the laiaalitca leptcaj 
ahni theaoffenr oatof aUiBomationvitb thepure; ao ain leien tWnathefellowihlp of the holy. 

I.) It waa dteiptiti*. lim leper iraa often the last to suapeot his dan^, for the diaaaae waa 
painleaa In !(■ early rtagea. A leading bvyer end publte olHoial in the Bandirldh lalands onoe 
onrtnmad a %hied Iwnp apon hia hand, and w« surprised to Sad that it caused no pain. At 
laM it dawned upon hia mind (hat be irae a leper. Ha resigned hia otBoos and went to tbs lepers' 
Island, of wbieh hs was made goTemor. There h« died six years later. 

4.) A wot imtmr^U. Show what a light is oast on the helplessness of physiolans with regard 
to leprosy whsn the king s^ " Am I God, to kill and to make alive I" eta Not even a kin^ 
ooold Dure a leper. So is tt with tfae diseass of slo : Done but Ood can hesl it. 

a. IRia ovUto. Show the kind, fbTglving, andbelpflil spirit of theyoungmaiden, through, 
whom the captain lesmed about the healer. Show, too, how " bith oometh by bearing ; " and 
bow a child may point otbeia to salvation. 

5. Tba messsKB. Tell the story of the journey to Samaria, indicating the roDia upon tbe map 
aa nearly as poneible ', tbenoe to tlie Jordan, and the return to Samaria. It is uncsitaln whether 
EUaha'a nsddenoe at this time was at Samaria or Jericho. Veise t may rsAr either to the cdty or 
the kii^dom. Show how the pride of the lepar almost lost Mm his cure ; and how the same pride 
keapa many now ftam salvaUon. 

4. Tbaonra. Hote the conditions: 1.) Hnmili^. The aaptidn moat a(»ne down troia hia 
pride, and be aa a little child. S.) Ol<edlaaee ; he must follow Instmetions precisely. S.) Per- 
aeTBianos; " ssven times." What Ifbe hadstopped atthe sixth bathi 

6. nia tranafbrrnktlon. Describe the wonderflil change wrought in the leper : a new body 
like that of a little oUld. Show in it the piotiirs of the new nature given with the salvation of a 
sool. " Uany man be in Christ, he Is a newcnntare." 


1. TO 8F1I0UX SUBJBCTra.— " £liaha'B Charity to Naaman," Qbiuk, Bourt mti tit 
AM*, IT, Its. "Abanaand Phaipar," Pobtu, Oiant CiUa i^ Bathan; Thtnffinot aauraUy 
Knomti, if!, S8. " The 'Bi.ven," MaoQhioob, Sob Sof in til* Jordan. " Leprosy," Thombom, 
Load mid On JBook, U, GlS-filtt ; Sovthtm BJeMod, es9-6SG ; Obitxbal Law Wallaox in Btn 
Hut. " Leprosy and SiMaaes of the Skin," Svnday-ieMooi Tbtm, April T, ISTT, from Wiuov. 
"The Times of Elijah," Hilusxm, Bl^aJi, 1-T. "Ellaba the Prophet," A. Edibshum, 18T. 
" Hrthoda of Travd," " Value of TalenU of Gold and SUrer, " Changee of Baiment." Bee 
HoCLDrroai and Btbowb, Abbott, Smitb, and FaazHUi. 

1. TOSXRKONSAJnS ABDBlI88IB.~JI'aanK«'«.2iBp«l(if£MU,IjDDOH's£iirnion«,a]IO. 
fridd OtreomiHff Want, A. Haouuit. Xaamaa tKi Ltper^ D. Tatput. Saamaa'i Ltprot]/, 
CuBVTorHtB WoRDSwoBTH. Tin Hvmiilt Mmtngtr, J. H. QDiaoiT. JhaUt of a ChruHait 
CUU, Caltobof. Childrmo/lhtXtnfdom,Uxi.nOv»aR^iaFUiOMt,SOi. LittU CMUrtn't 
Woft, T. T. Mmreia, Zampt and JWb, 1T3. 


2 KiN«8 5. 16-27. 

First Quabtsr. 

LESSON XI.— IVIarcti 15. 

GEHAZI PUNISHED.— a Kisas 5. 15-27. 
OOLDKN TBXT.— Be Biira 7our Bin wUl find you out.— Num. n. n. 
iwed immediately after that narruM in onr last . 

15 And ' he returned to the man of 
Ood, lie and all his compsnj, and came 
and stood before liim; and he said, Be- 
hold, now *I IcDOW that th^e it 'no Qod 
in all the earth, but in Is'ra-el; now 
therefore, I pray thee, take ' a blessing 
of thy servant. 

16 Blithe said, *Am the Lobd liveth, 
before whom I stand, * I will receive 

15 And be returned to the man of 
Qod, be and all his company, and 
came, and stood before him: and be 
said. Behold now, I know that there 
is no Qod in all the earth, but in 
Is'rt-el: now therefore, I pray thee, 

I. THZI aRATBPnL 8TRIAH. Tanaa 15-19. 

IB, 16. Ea Tstnmad — What a Blad journoy up the gloptng meadows to the dtj gate 1 
Oama, and stood— Niman'a reelingi and attltnda an aliks cban|[ed, and the prophet now 
gladly (ihawii himself to htm. — Lwnby. TSo Ood In all tha aartli,bnt In Xarael — 8e« article on 
Kaavah'i Cohtirsioh, page li£. A little befbre he had boaated of tha ri*Bn nf Danuscua, but 
lie cannot henceforth rsTeronoe ber goda. — Ttny. Taka a blaaalns of thy aanrant — BecaoM 
with a prowDt in the East are ganeralif given good wiahea and benedictjon, the Hebrews tn- 

qoentl; used tbo word "blesalng" for a gift lAm^n. I wlU raoalva nona — It soems to 

have been a oustoin for the praphata to raaelve presents ftom tliote who coosulted them (1 8am. 
9. T], and fVoni chap. 8. 8, B it ia not oertiun but that on another occaaion Eliaha himself roceiTed 
a present from tlie king of Syria ; why, then, did he refuse to accept one from Kaaman t The 
reason is found in Eliaha'a own words (var. SS), " Is it a time to receive money and gannenla," 
«ta. It was a lime of hypocrisy and svarioe among the professed prophets uul priests in the 
northern kingdom, and thia tact had brought the sacred oltloe into disrepute and oontsmpt among 
the people. It was wise, therefore, for Klisbs, in oonneodon with this great miracle, to deolioe 
the rich piweut of Naaman, so that all might know that the mighty works of Good's grace wen 
fTee, and that avarice dwelt not in the heart of the true prophet of Jehovah. — Tmv^. Beeldea, 
Zlitha most know that ha was being mentally contrasted by Naaman with the greedy heathen 
prieals of Damascua. They pretended to a certain magical power, which was "for sale" as 
medical and legal skill are to-day, hut the Hebrew prophet was a mere inntrument of Jehovah. 
Naamsn's gratitude waa not due to Eliaha, but to Eliaha'a Ood. Ha luved him— His wtiole- 
Aouled graUtuda was sadly disapp^ted. 

The warfu of Ga< J— liTi Us dalMS. Ter. O. 8ee iLLUSTainoNS. Naaman cams to Satnaiia 
a akeptlfl ; but be was lair-Dilniled, and alt hla preteBsiiHis and doabis departed witli bis leprosy. If 
■Dodern akepUes were aa Irank as be meat ol their dlfflentUea would sUntlarly ranlA. To-day Um 
wcrld has belMT dniaoiitanUal erUeDca to rapport Ood'a clslma than Nsamaa had in his beaM 


3Iarch 15, ISdl. 

urged him to take it. 

none. Aod li 
but he refused. 

17 And Na'B-man aoid, Shall there 
nut then, I pra; thee, be given to thy 
servant two mules' burden of enrth } for 
thy servant will henceforth offer neither 
bumt-ofiering nor eacrifice unto other 
gods, but UDto the Lord. 

N XL -2 Kings 5. 15-27. 

whom I stand, I will receive none- 
And lie urged him to take it; but he 
17 refused. And Na'a-man said. If 
not. yet I pray thee let there be pven 
to thy servant two mules' burden of 
eanh ; for thy servant will hence- 
forth offer neither burnt-offering nor 
sacrifice unto other gods, but mito 

HrllKlaD ihaDld boi be made k Mcpplng-MonB lo Mmporal |aln. Ver. 16, gee iLLUBTaiTiONB. 
GodirlUUkecareoIalldeslnbleserQlu'nnulU. Simon lugua, Anuitu, and many otben uuRlit 
to mlDulB wKlsta almawltb b«art rellBlon. II cannot be done. As the mistletoe ttnntiles tbe oak 
It tlulvee upon, so sucb ooaduct IboiIh lo splrltoil rula. 

17, 18. Two mule*' burden of earth — Perhipe to rnakt an altar ta tho God of Ismal. The 
altar ot bumt-oSferiiig, according to the 
MoHuc lair, wu to be made or eurth. 
EioJ. SO. SI. But precieel; wbU hU 
niolivB »■»« in thia propoBsl — wbethw he 
thought tliat (iod could be acceptably 
worshiped only on his own soil, or he 
viahed, when Air away from Jordan, V) 
have Che earth ofPalestiDe lo rub hun- 
■elf with, which the Orientals use as a 
nibaUtuta for water; and whether by 
making such a requeat of Elioha he 
thought the prophet's grant of it would 
impart aonia virtue ; or whether, like the 
modcni Jewa and Uohammedana, he 
tnoiTcd to have a ixirtion of tliLs " holy 
earth" for hi« nightly pillow — it la not 

strange to find such nocioua la ao newly 

converted a heathen. — Jamition. Hla 

requeat is illuMratcl by the reverence Mo- 

hammcdana have for the aoil of Meoca. 

The man aocounta himaelf happy who 

hag in hie poaaceion the amalleM portion 

ofthis foruse in his dcvotians. Ho ear- 

ries it about hla pereon in a small bag, 

and in his prayera be deposits this before bowino it worship. 

hun upon the ground in such a manner 

that, m his frequent prostrations, the head comes down upon this nmrsel of sacred soil, so that in 

some sort he may be aaid to worship thereon. —fifto. The aame sentiment still survives. When 

here and there in Christian lands we hear the names Bethany, Bethlehem, Zion, etc., what are 

they bat holy places transferred, so fiv as we can transfer them, fVom their original location into 

our life and thought and feeling. Nor waa it without its own peculiar value in this InsUnoe. The 

alur built of the soil of larael, in a for^gn land, waa an indlcatoroftheway to Israel and to Israel's 

tiod ; a physical confoisiOD which required strong oour^, for it might oall down petaecution, 

divgrsce, and death. Bo now it is an act of bUh when a messenger of the bith sets up the 

crors in the midst of a mighty heathen people.— Kir. 'Will henoefoTth oflki neitber 

tnunt-oAring nor aaarillae— Tliis was a solemn transfer of allegiance JVcm Ttimmoi] to 

Jehovflh. The otber goda ure worth nothing. This much he hoa learnt, and so he will pay 


2 KiUQB 6. 16-27.* LESSON XL Fikst Quabtbr. 

16 In thiB thing the Lobd pardon thy 18 the Lord. Id this thing the Lobd 

BerTOiLt, that whea my mastei goeth into pftrdoa th; serrsnt; when my muter 

the bouM of Rim'mon to worsoip there, goetta into the house of Rim'mon to 

and he ' leoneth on my hand, and I bow wonhip there, and lie leaneth on my 

myMlf in the house of Ritu'raoD ; when hand, and I bow myself in the hotue 

I bow down myself in the bouse of Bim'- of Rim' mnn, nfaen I bow myself in 

mon, the LoBDpanlon thy servant in this the house of Rim'mon, the Lord par- 

th«m DO boBatK.—Can^riJgi BMe. Xj maatals-Tha king of 8;ri».— Xonpa. The oriBinal 
of Tflrsa 18 may wilhouC iCniD b« leul in ths put Uid not in the future t«DM: ''For this 
thing tha Lord {Krdon thy Berrant, for that whan my muter hath gona into tba bouaa of Bimmoa 
to wonhip thera, and he hath leaned upnn mine hand, that I alio faave liowed myself in Che 
bODae of Bimmon ; for my wonhiping in thehouae of Kimmon the Lord pardon thj Her rsnl in thia 
tiling."— Ctarte. But the probaldlity ia that it referred to tbefuture, and that Naaman feared aome 
incon^tency In hia Eonduot. He will hitnaeif offer no more MciiSooa to Bimmon; but he muat 
attend the king at worship and miM bow when he hovp, or give aerioua offcnae, Ue aela hla 
difflonlty before Bliaha, and the prophet, regarding thia degree of bith and obedience aa all that 
could be aipeotad fromhia amount of light, gives him a oomfottiDg answer. We must judge both 
Ksamaa and the prophet aooordlng to the tim« in which they Urad. It waa impoaaible for the 
pagan st onoe to oait away all hla old ideaa, and even the prophet had no each light *a we bsie 
Donceming Ood'a meaaage to tha heathen. The Jew baa not either in anolent or in modem times 
boen a mlssionaiy ; and we need not judge Eliaba hardly, because he felt no call to rebuke the bslf- 
CODveKed beathen tor his imperfeet aetvioe. The oommand, " Oo ye out into all the world," was 
not yet given. — Oanbridgt BMt. Kasman's request ahows that be bad a tender oonsiaeDca, whicli 
daddedto avoid even the appeaiance or denying Jehovah. Such scruples would not have oocoired 
to one who waa wavering iwtween service to Ood and servioe lo the gods. Hla urgency ia marked 
by the repetition of the words ; when I bow down. — Langt. OoeUi Into tbe lionaa of Bim- 
mon — The temple erected In honor of this Syrian ddty, and in which the idol was pompously 
worablpBd. Thia la the only acriptural mention of this false god, but traces of the name ap- 
pear in ThMrnoft ( 1 Kinga IE. 18} and Madad-rimmvit (Zech. IX. 11). As to the Origin and sig- 
niflca^on of tha name no aettled opinion <»n well be formed. As Bimmon aignlflca a pomqpiuiato 
some have thought thia deity waa the emblem or peraoaifloation of some tkrtilixing principle 
ill nature, and hence presenting a relia of the ancient tree-worship of the Eaat. Others take Bim- 
mon to be " the abbreviated form of Uadad-riminon, Hadad being the sun-god of the Syrians. 
Combining tliis with the pomegranate, whioh waa hia symbol, Hadad- rimmon would than bo the Bun 
god of the later summer, who ripeni the pomegranate and other later fruits, and, after infbwng 
into them hla produotive power, dies, and is mourned with the " moumiog of Hadadiimmon ia 
the valley of Ue^ddon." Zeoh. IS. 11. But Stldfn, Oaeniat, and oihara derive the word fhocn 
the ront, (0 bt high, and understand it as the name of the supreme Syrian god, the " most high." 
He leaneth on my hand — Bee S Kings T. IT. I bow mjsalf— Ue wishea lo be a loyal 
subject and servant of his king, but be cannot truly worship Bimmon. He bopM, therefore, 
to be excusable, if, as aloyal (abject, he submits to no through the mere tbrmi of aervioe whidi 
bis king requires, but docs not allow hia heart to engage in the idol-wonhip. — Terry. 

We oaghl to (uaN avalut half-waj neainrcB la reilaleB. Bee iLLUBTSATiONa. It the Lord 
be Ood. worship blm— II Baal. Rlmmon, Mammon, FastiltHi. or Plesaure, or any otlier oreature, 
woishlp them ; but we cannot serve botb. 
How deeply 4oe* Kaamas ihame Cbristlaiu wbo, even In Christian oountilea, do not daie to oon- 
len Christ b; word and deed. Hla tnnsfer of two mules' burden ol earth oould not be made 
aecretl;. In the verr beart ot heathendom he pioposea to malntafn Jehovah'a worship. 
How moch (reater our reapoiulUUly Ihaa Naamaa-i I He Had no Bible, no true rellsloUB (nstruc- 
tlon, no spiritual eompanlonsblp, no pure public worship, aadonlroue Interview wllti a prophet : 
and, on the other hand, a great berlUKO of heaUiealab supenUllon. We bave a bleailnit much 
greater than the n>hit ol proiriieo;— Its fVlJBiment. In tha full sunlight of these gospel days we 
need make no such request as Ibis of Nasman's. 


Marcu 15, 1891. 

2 Kings 5. 15-27. 

20 But Oe-ha'd, tbe servuit al E-li'sha 
tfa« man of Qod, said, Behold, mj miks- 
ter hath sjwred Na'a-man this 8jr'i-«n, 
in not receifiag at bis banda that wbich 
be brought: but, at the Lohd liveth, I 
will mu after 'him, and take Bomewhat 

81 So Oe-ha'zi followed after Na'a- 
man. And when Na'a-man saw Attn run- 
ning after him, he lighted down from the 
chariot to meet him, and said, *I» all 

19 don tbT servant in this thing. And 
he said nnto him, Qo in peace. So 
he departed from him 'a little way. 

SO But Oe-ha'zi, the servant of E-li'slia 
the man of Qod, said. Behold, my 
master hath spared this Na'a-man the 
Sjr'i-aOj in not receiving at his hands 
that which he brought: as tbe Loiu> 
livetb, I will run after him, and take 

21 somewhat of bim. So Ge-ha'zi fol- 
lowed after Na'a-man. And when 
Na'a-man saw one running after him, 
he lighted down from the chariot to 

19. Oo in p eaOB' -We in not to oonaider thia uuwsi aa iiuplying thM Bervlce of tiixl uiJ 
mttIos of Simmon might be •Mml'insii without inoongnut;. Th« prophet appcuH rattier to b« 
wiQiiuf to Iwe tbe good sfled ilraidy howq to bear fruit in due ssuoa. Being sown of God It 
mD>tfyiietiiy,>ndp«ae wonMbttheradt of ita further development.— t'aniin<f^a BiHr. Allt- 
tlaway — The eipn«ioD,li(enl1y signifying " a length of oonntr;'," in very indetl nils. It ia found 
only here and in Oen. 3£. 16 ; 4B. T. We ma; estimate ita len|^ roughly by dooaidering bow far 
Gehaii oooldbave gone if be bad to avertabe s mounted cavalcade. It conld not ba very far. — Xuniy. 
I.M ■■ ba ran that ff s CbrlMlao'a purpona are tfnHW and pura Ood will folde tila OMUdnwe 

arlgbL TUiilioaklnotGkiaeourmoaUulnUMBdTocaoyof wbatwebMirtobe right, but 11 inar 

wen Iwlp na lo be botb ebailtatde sod patient. 

n. THS aHUHDT BBRTAHT. Vws« 20-37. 

SO. Hath apared Saaaian this STrlan— NoUoa tbe Beviaed Vnaion, Uu Jfaaotait Ot* 
Sfria*. The pronoun qualidn tbe whole eipreasioii and bTeatheaaa[nrltoroantenipt, aa IfsOen- 
tile ahnnld bava been Iaxed.~. TVrry. Oehaii bud been in ntt«idanoB on Eliaha, and bad heard 
the whole oonvereatlon. There Feema to have boon no need for an interpreter. The diale«t» 
of the whole oountry were, no doobt, muob akin, and the people eould readily understand each 
vHittt.—CainbTidQt Bible. Tbe oath, "Aa thoLord liveth," atanda in contmat witb tbat ontliabs. 
T«r It. Blinded by bla avarice, Oehazi ounaidera it right before Qod to take pay, JuBt as Eliaba, 
in faia fidehty, ooti^dera it right before Qod to ucoept nothing. — Langt. How little tbe worda 
meant for Oehazi we can see, when they oome to hia lipa amid liia thought! of the deceit he la 
meditating, — Lamby. A perrerae heart, itubboroly bent on unoing, mny e^'en pmume lo awear 
id darling ain into a virtue. — Tory. 

Hmi iBKk men wUI rlak tor goM ! See Illubteationb. And bow hanrtloaa la tbe rlakt 
Kren mccea In Its pmmlt caonot bring bapplnsH. " And be ttiat makeUi baale to be rleli talletb 

FbIh Jn^siBeBt. (lebul speati ooolemptuoualy of Naaman becaoae be la a Syrian ai 

taelUe, altbougb be was far better than OebaiU Tbete la much similar mlsludfrmer 

Qod la DO nnpeeter o( persona, and be who eloaely lollovs God wlJl not permit hli preJudloB 

to arise agaltwl any human being— wbeUier Italian, Negro, Indian, or Chinese, poor, depraved, 

lllllerale, or dirty. Kucb oE wbat we moat pride ounelrea on la the almple ouioome oC our envl- 

ronmenta— lOe result ol Uod'a merciful providence, and not of our own eSorts. Wbat a man tblnk- 

ech In bis beart that Is be. 

31, 34, 'When Nsaman eaw him— On an Eastern rood the travcleia are not numercuH, 

and any one in hot puniuit would at ouce be notioed, and it would be felt tbat be waa aniioua that 

tbe trsvelera in fVont ahonld haSu-^Cambridgt Biblt, The Reviaed Vcraion ban '■ one " innlcad of 

" him.'*^ Be llslited down from the ohuiot to meet him — Aa Gehozi approuclKKl, Naaman 

rsoognlied him ; tor Qchozi may have been the nuHf^nger flrat aent to bid the Syrian go and wash 

in Jordan, and he bad clearly been by bis maater'a side daring tbe aubacquent interview. Anxious, 


2 Kings 6. 15-27. 

First Ql'arter. 

33 And he said, All it well. M7 i 
ter hath aeot mc, Baling, Behold, even 
now there be come to me (mm mou ' 
B'phra-im two young men o( the sons 
tlie prophets: give them, I pra; thee, 
talent of silver, and two changes of 

S3 And Na'a-mon said, Bo content, 
take two talents. And ho urged him, 
and bound two talents of silver in two 
bags, with two changes of garments, and 

23 meet )iim, and said. Is all well ) And 
he said, All Is well. Mj maater iiath 
sent me, saying, Behold, even now 
there be come to me from tlio hiU 
country of E'phra-im two young men 
of the sons of the prophets; ^ve them, 
I pray thee, a talent of silver, and 

23 two changea of raiment. And Na'o- 
man said, Be content, take two 
talents. And he urged him, and 
bound two talents of silver in two 

thercfare, to Bhow hiB gratitude, the EUpurior lights dunii from hlf chariot. This was an act of 
much condeACoDBion, and in im indcix of Noainiin'B tenVing.—Lumii/. Ksmiion honorod the prophet 
InhiB sorvaDt. He Infers that aamethinfc unfartunnte for the proplict hu occurred. In replj to 
Oahazi's asaettion (vsr. SS) ho [irget Jilm to aocopt two tulenta, one Tor each propliet-disciplo, and 
he causes the nionDfto be borne before tiohazi in two nack^, as a murk of his eager willingneaa.— 
Iiitngt, Uy maater hath aent me— Nuanian wnuld nntnrally rejoice at hearing: that circuni- 

ntnnceB hod wrought for an aocepUneo if the preeenc, which for hlmi<o1f the proplict had refuae<l. 
—CamMdgt BibU. From Uount I!phTaim<R. V., the hill country of Ephraim)~The Gil- 
ptl mentioned in the previoua cliapler (1. 3S) aeoma to have Iwon near the hill oountr}- of 
Ephralm. Then, wo know, there wee a college of prophets, and in the neigh Ijorhood ma; have 
heen othere. From all theae centent the member? wnuld come to Elixha for counsel. Gehad ueea 
one of the probabty oommon incidents of the prophct'a life to form the foundation for hie dcctit. 
Tbe communltice of propheta were doubtleaa poor, and few ihinga were more tikel; than that Ihej 
ahould reach Samaria In need both of money and clotliiii);. The atory waa full of plausitdlity. — 
Cotnbridgt MiU. A. talant of allTSi^-Though a large Bum to a»k for a» aid to the prophet. It 
would appear but little 10 the man who had brought ten timea an much with him. in addition to 
aix Ihoueand ahekels of gold. Honce be given him twice what he aakn, which Gehnzi intvt have 
counted a wondroua gain. 'Kkn two talonta— Worth, porhapii. tS,33fl. In two ha«a — The 




Masch 15, 1891. 

they bare tAcm before bim. 

24 Aod when he came to Uie 'tower, 
lie took them from their hand, and be- 
stoired them itt the house-, and he let 
the men go, and tbej departed. 

25 But he went in, and ' stood before 
his master. And E-li'ahasaid unto him, 
Wheuce eamett thou, Ge-ha'dt And he 
said, Tbj servant went 'no whither. 

26 And "he laid unto him, Went not 
mine heart with tAee, when the man 
turned again from his chariot to meet 
thcet I> it a time to receire money, and 
to receive garments, and oliTejards, and 

N XL 2 KrNGB 6. 15-27. 

bags, with two changes of raiment, 
and laid them upon two of his serv- 
ants; and they bare them before him. 

24 And when he came to the * hill, be 
took them from their hand, and be- 
stowed them in the house: and be 
let the men go, and they departed. 

28 But he went up in, and stood before 
his master. And S-li'sha said unto 
him. Whence comest thou, Oe-ha'zit 
And he sud, Thy servant went no 

25 nhither. And he said unto him, 
' Went not mine heart leith thea, when 
the man turned again from hia chariot 
to meet tbee ? Is it a time to receive 
money, and to receive garments, and 


money wu put into the big, uid tlia opeaizig tied up. The word translated " lioga " ncaure in 
the lUt of fenule taetj in lu. S, SS, uid is rendered by Sevised Version " utohaU." Probably 
the bag waa or an omuuental character, u the root word eii^iBea " to engTRTe." Perhapi there 
waa aome embroidery or net-vork in its Tonnition. — Lumbj/, TTpon two ^ hla larranta — 
Noaman'a aerranta. The gift waa a weight which one roan could not well carry. Wlmt be 
came to the tower — Bather, to the Mil, Probably some eminanos near the bonaa ofEliaha. All 
Samaria waa hilly in character. See 1 Kings 1ft. 21. The narrative by this alluaion to a looality, 
aa thoufcb it wen well known, incidentally showa its hintorio character, and appeaia to go baok in 
ita early form to close upon the date of the events. Ha took tlkom ftom fheir hand— Though 
they wet* heavy enoofrh fi>r two men, he muat now contrive to carry them himiulf, that he may 

attract leas attention, and run no risk of being tbund out Camtridft SUU. They deputod 

—With the healthful impteiri on of the freedom of God's eisce, which Etisha had taken ao much 
palna lo make, partially afiaced ttiyia their minda and the mind of Naaman. 

eraalrBHfcrmapiMelBlD boBllUj. Ter.fl. Bee IU.USTB1TI0NS. PrMe and true CSrlatlanllr 

an IncocDpattble. Ererr fuller revelation whkb bas come lo tba world since Naaman'a dar has 

made plainer Qod'a deteatatlon of piMe. NoUee the attUods ot Jesus lo Uie proud and to the humble. 
M^Bwant TletlaBBerwrlealaatUiic. Vera. tO, U, S. Sea iLLUSTaanoHa. 
OBsilBaer leatrByelk Bwehiaai. Ellslia'i rentasi of Naamaa'a BlCt waa an object lencn of tbe 

■nalest Talue lo the Syiiana, If It oonld have been well learned. Qeiiail'a oovetonmen notoDlj 

deatnyed Ita effecta but made It appear Uka Oftautatloai preteaas. 
36. Stood beCwa hia t"" — He would let his absence be as little noted aa poaaiblc In 
the East the icrvanta are uaually kopt in waiting. Hanoe the phrase " to stand hefoie " is tto- 
qiKnI-in oonneotloD with Oriental aervioe. Thna David " stands before" Saul (1 Sam. IS. 91, SS), 
so of Ablahag. 1 Kings 1. 3; sea abu) 1 Kings 10. S; Dan. 1, S, Bt<i.—QmMdfi BlbU. 
WhemM oomwt tlum, Qehaai t — Ilappy are Ihey of whom there ia do need to ask this quea- 
tioa ; who can give an locoont withont falseboorl of all the paths in which they have walked, 
and of all the plaoea In which thay have been.— £an^«. Thy sarrant went no whither— 
Evidently Oehsal had no adequate appreoiation ot his privileges. 

TIiIb la the ears* whkbmUapoaa He, tbat tlie liar aeaki to escape from It by new Ilea, and so 

Invdvea Umsell wan and more In the net. —Mentitn. 
t6. Went not mlnsbsart with thaa — Eliahs, by divine revelation, was enabled to aee all 
Qehsn's actions and read the wtckednass of his heart. So Peter, in the cue of Ananias and 
Sapphira. Ada S. 1-11. Ood eeea alt our actiona. If he amu hia prophets with the gift of 
nsion which brings hidden aia to tba light, how mnch more will be, before whow judgment-seat 
wa ahall have lo appear, bring that to light whloh now lies bidden in darkneaa, and reveal the 
■acretoonnsulsof theliearti— Jfntitta. lilt a time to reoalve monar— Shall we, by covetous- 
neaa, identify onraalvea with the oorrupt and lying priests and prophsta who bring dishonor on 


2 Kings 5. 15-27. 


First Ql'abteb. 

Tineyards, and sheep, and oxen, tmd 
uen-MrvaDts, and maid -servants ! 

37 The leprtwy therefore of Na'a-man 
" Bhall cleave unto thee, tod unto th; 
seed forever. And be went unt from 
his presence a leper " a* ahite aa soon. 

olWe yards and vineyards, and sheep 
and oxen, and men-aervanU and maid- 
27 serranta! The Uprosy therefore of 
Na'a-man ahall cleave unto thee, and 
unto thy seed forever. And he vent 
out from his presence a leper a* whiu 


Jehovali'a nsme, mid on tlio lioly ofBce, by rewiviiig, wilh hvu-IoIouh grup, monej and gsmivnu 
and cattle nnd aori'aiita t Kowever right nnd proper In itsotf it mlglit be for pricnta or proplitts 
to rooaive audi (fifta undor ordinary circuiiiBlancos, llie tiiin« tlien tbrlmdo. Such ipfls liad in 
Liraal become bo aMooiated witli priestly oovetounnew and venality that it Iwhoovcd tLe true 
prophot to decline them.— 7>rry. 

>t a product ot mere TUisar avarice, Ktilcb ■Drloki back (ram 

rter. all at wlioae iDleroaurm wltti tilm ougtil to bare exercised 

r. and bii oatb Iver. IS) aa einpt; plirue. Hi' did not leaTe 

t all (be jmtoe he had eiperleiieed bad come to blm 

.leartoatalnltu work vbleb God bad 

tberebT be denied tbe Uoly One. wboM mlabt 

The guUi or Qehaal. Ulaaolwai 
no (alaebood. Rj It be made bli m 
a purimnff [nDuenoe upon blm, a 1 
Naaman witb tbe andlmmed » 
gratia, and tbat "Uiere wwa propbetia ]>rael." 1 
done upon a beMtien lor Itie gloT ol bl 

Iw bad Joat »een manUsaled upon Naaman. Hla act was a belrajal ol 
ol Jeborab.— Larttw. Let not bl< punlahment of CiebazI be thouffbt too Miere. Importanl prln- 
clplfs vera iDTolved In bia conduct, [or, accordlajf to verae X, Itna^'atlaie wbea tbe repraaenta- 
llvei at tbe Hcred otDoe Deeded to obeerre Ibe greateat caution aealtin the iptrlt of wnrldllnea. 
Tben, too, Oebazl'i acta on tbl> occaMon were a complication of wtckeduen. He abotred mn- 
tempt for tbe Judirment of bla master In ttae matter of recelrltiji Bifts; he meanly mtirepraaealed 
the pmpliet hj making blm atk tor what Naaman bad Juit heard blm mon poaltlTely refute ; be 
Invented a fate ilory to blind tbe area of Naaman ; and flnallT told a mlaerable lie in the hope of 
eacaping detection (ram EllBhL Add to al! Uils the foul iplrlt ot oovetougneaa Ibat actuated blm 
' tbrauKb all ttili evil course, and bla curse will not appear too i;reat.~TErTv. 

Qood laeD liiOBld welffh well the Irndeney of their Influence. Bpq iLLl'STSinONS. ElUba did 
•o; Oebazl failed bera aa at other points. MauT a ChnsUan does great barm by little omlasioni 

37. Tt« lepToar therofbre of Naanuui aliall olaare onto tha»— O heavy talents of 
Gehazi '. U tlie liorror of tliia ono unchangeable suit I How much better had bocn a light purtie 
nnd a liomoiy coat, with n nouiid body and a dear soul. — JHtAop Hall. The Icprwiy of Naaman 
(ver 27) became the leprosy of (iohaii ; as Naaiiian was a livini( monument of tho saving might 
and grace of Joliovnh, bo Qolinii waa a monument of (ho retributive justice of tho Holy One in 
Israel ; a living warning and throat for tho entire people.— .Si Ar. It waa not tho cmctouancsa 
nlono that waa puniahod ; but, at the same time, the ill use made Of the prophet's name to gain 
ac object prompted by a mean eovctouanoBs, and the attempt to conceal it by lying. — AViV. The 
deooitfulncas of richoH— How did tho raiment of Damascus appear to the leper, or the piece* 
of Bilver to tho wretelicd outcast 1 How often must he have dcBiretl to buy bask again with all 
his treasure* one day of Ids liealthful poverty 1 Then, too, iJio lost pcai* ol God. Alas ! Most 
incomprehonaiblo, most depraved, most irdestruetiblc, and terrible of all tlcooits, deceit of riches, 
who fcsn thee, as wo all should fear thee I — Lang'. Unto thy aesd fonTsr — Who can t«ll but 
(hat thevictiinsof this horrid plague, now seen about the city (Samaria) and at Nablu", the pres- 
ent home of all the Samaritans, uuy bo tlie heirs of this heritage of Ochax) ) — Tkoauen. The 
extending of his cume to his children alter him is but another exhibition of the terrible i»n>c. 
quenow of human sinfulness, (ieliazi's posterity were innocont of their father's i>ins, but, like 
many others, tliey were oompelled to bear tlie conseqiionccH of ancestral Crimea. That thousandH 
of innocenta are suhjeeted to Buffering bocaiuc of the sins of others is a fact whloh none con di'ny. 
Why this is permitted, under the government of an all-wiao (ioil. Is a quentioii which he has not 
Been tit (Villy to answer. — Ttrrg. B* wont oot from hia 'preaenoa — And ftom that time forth 
he Booina not again to have ffiiniatored unto Elisha, though he might afterward have bi.-en otten 
«alled the iwrvant of Elislisi. Bee chap. 8, i.—Trrru. 


March 15, 1891. LESSON XL 2 Kings 6. 16-37. 

nwnt the curM was prooounoed, that moment theiiiga ofUiB leproej began to appear. Tho white 
■lulling apoto vers the sign that the inreotion had taken place. — Clartt. An the incruxtutiun of 
kpToay ia sometimee rather roae-oolored than white, it aeemn likely tliat the point of tlio coinpari- 
■oD is Dot llie whiteness only, but that likeness which it bean) to a li)iht down-like covering, us if 
the limbs had been sprinkled over in tbe manner, though not always witli tlit color, of bnon. — 
Onntridft BOU. 

A cane W cblUnB. A lather ataorbed [n punult at wealUi, a motlier absorbed En (aablon. irlll 
brinp up corrupt and aSRlected cbicdren. II parenls love Kold and futilon and dlapla.*, cbtldren 
wll] bold lliaae tlie cblef tlilnica ]□ lite. " Tbou bail KOtlsD Itaee'gold, but lepinv sball cleave u> 
tbee and to lb)' ae«d toreTer."— SuntTier. DrunkeuneB and other vicea blast the prospects o( ttie 

Pnnlahmail will be In proportion to gnllt. Bee Illustiations. Bartb's wisest courts make 
tnlKakes. God's Judgment la Intalllble. 


The works of God Jnsllfr his claim*. Ver. Itt.-A Bedouin wna nsked by a truv- 
ster: " How do you knoir there ia a GodT" lie fixed his eye& with n stare of savage wonder on 
the questioner, and said : " In the name way that 1 know on looking al the aund when a iimn or 
beast tia? croased the desert — by his tcwt-prints in the world around me." — Caaon Liddon. 

When TyndaU was wiUking among tlio clouds during a sunset upon the Alps, his companion 
said : " Can you behold such a scene as this and not feel there is a God ) " " O," said he, " i feci 
it, 1 know it, 1 r^oice in it." — Betc/Ur. 

GralltBde shonld take a practical form. Ver> 15. — S^rgton tells of a deacon 
wbo in his old age was reduced to want, and unable to fulfill tlie duties of his offlce. His brethren 
hald a meeting at whidi reaolutions were passed eipreasing their appietuation of his long and 
futhfVil services. They tlicn engaged in prayer for bim. duriug wliicli a loud knock came to the 
door and a young man entered. When they oeascd, he said: " Father cannot come to the meeting, 
but ha has sent his prayers in a cart." They consisted of flour, bacon, and a quantity of other 

Ilr. llatt\jA\i of a Scotchman whoaung, most piouiJy, 

" Wsre lbs whole realm of nature mine. 
Tbat wars a preseot lar too amatl 1 " 

and tumbled in his pocket for the smallej-t coin for the eontribution box. 

Rellgiaa ahoald aol be made a atepping-slone to temporal gain. Ver. 16>— 

One Sunday a shower suddenly came on, when a number of persons took shelter in Hoaland 
Ifili'i church while he was preaching. Noticing this, he publicly remarked ; '' Many people are 
greatly to be blamed for making their religion a djxit ; but i do not think ttiose are much lietler 
who make it an umbrella. 

We ODshl to gnard B«alnat faalf-way measnres ia rellf ion. Ter. 18.-^ilb is 
Interdicted by Mussulman law as being an excrement. They elude tliis prohibition by mixing a 
very little colton with it. Christ's laws cannot be evaded like Mohammed's. 

lUchard Saxttr aaid a good thing of some who lived in his day, that they had a " wheel- 
barrow religion." They "went when they were shoved." 

The grounds of the Monaco gambling hell are the moat beautiful in the world. I never go 
near them i and why I A friend of mine met M. Blunc one day. The latter inquired why he 
never entered his grounds. " Well," he said, "I never play, and hardly feci justlflGd iu using 
your grounds." " If," said M. Blanc, " it was not for respectable pcrxojti like yourself 1 should 
lose many of my customers. You oontribute materially to my revenue by walking in my grounds. 
Others who would not entflr them but for your example follow you into (he gardens, and from 
Ihcncc to the gaming table the trantiitioii in easy." — fipurgeon. 

Bishop W was rebuking one of Ilia clergy for fiw -hunting. " My lord," hosuid, " 1 never 

goto balls I " "I perceive," said the bishop, "you allude to my having been to the lluchess of 

B 's party ; but 1 was never in the same room with the [lanccre." " My lord." responded the 

miniKter, " my horse and 1 are old, and we ore never in the some Hold with the hounds." Each 
satisSeU himself about a point beyond which he ought to hove gone. 


2 Kings 5. 16-27. LESSON XL Fibst Qoabtbb. 

What mea will risk for gold. Ter. 30.— la eioavating Pompeii ■ Bkelcton v*a foond 
nith the Angers clutched around a quontit/ of gold. 

Covetoue men may be likened to thoaa fooliah ipee vhich in some countries ira oangbt b^ 
- narrow-necked vesaela: into these the eom is placed, the creatorce tUmM in their handa, and vben 
they have filled them they cannot draw out tbolr fists unless they let go the grain. Sooner tliau 
do this they submit to tie captured. — Spiirgion, 

Grace caa transform pride Into haiBility. Ter. 31. — The manufacturera of gan 
irere once puziled to know what to do with the ooal tar left In the retotta. Chemistry, however, 
oame to the icecue, and now thirty-six marketable artiola are produced from this aticky slime. 
People are unoonstnous that the exquisite taste of some confectioDsry and the delicious perfiime ot 
"otto of roMs" may be traced to the gas retort Grace ohanges alnnem into sunta. 

Take an ounos of the blackest slime on the footpad of a nunufikcturiug town. It contaius 
clay, soot, aand, and water. Let it rest, so that its elemeDB gather like lo like. The clay seltlcs 
into a white earth, from which you caDgetttw llTtatt pcreilaln. Leave it sUll quiet; it becomes 
not only white, but clear, hard, and so set that It can gather out of light the livelieat blue rays 
only, refusitiK the rest. That is a tapphtH, Next the sand. It will beooms first white, then clear 
and hard, and arrange itself into parallel lino, with power to reflect blue, purple, green, and red 
rays. That is an opal. The soot comes out clear at last and ths IiarJest thing in the world, 
refleeting nil the rays of the sau in the vlvidest blaie any solid thing can shoot. That is a dia- 
mond. The water crystslliies iu the shape of a ster of tnoK. So God tranaforma us into the 
lieoTenly. —Siukin. 

The higher a man gets in grace the lower he will sink in his own esteem. — ^puryMn. 

Sin's worst rletlms acraple at natlilnK> Ter*. 20| 23, 39.— When ths phy^dans 
told Theotimus that except ho abalsined from drankennsss and licentiousness he would lose his 
eyes, his heart was so wedded to his sins that he answered, " T^Un/mtictU, taitt UgM." 

A traveler writes : Flocks of greedy albatrDsaes, petrels, and Cape jHgeoos erowiled around 
our ship's stern. A hook was baitad with bt, when upward of a dosen albntrouee rushed at it, 
and as one alter another was hauled on deck the remainder kept swimming close by. Not even 
did those which were hooked and escaped desist fhun sdiing the bait a second time. Too often 
men rash at the buta of Satan with equal infatuation. — tiptirgton. 

Good nen ibonld wetrb well the tendency of tbeir Inanenoe. Ter. 36.— 
Among the high Alps the traveler i-i told to proceed very quietly, fbr on the steep Klopea overhead 
the Huow hnugs so eveuly IwUnced that the sound of a voice may destroy the equililirium and 
bring down an immense avslanche that will niin every thing in its path. In like manner our 
faiiitoBl touch may determine devtiny. 

A young lady deeply under conviction of sin hod her solemn Impresslous dissipated by the 
jesting and laughter of ■ ohureh member by her side. 

In the TiAsa of Charles I. the goldsmiths of London weighed several sorts of pre<dous metala 
before the Privy Council. They used scales so poised that the beam would turn at the ten-hun- 
dredth part of a grain. Nay, the attorney -general, standing by said : " I shall be loth to have 

purpose I 

are thrown to one aide, and those of full weight to another, by unerring laws. The p: 
solemn parable of how any thing beneath the standard of safety ought to be r^eMad. — Amot, 

If prevention is better Uian cure, precaution ie better than power. — QatkrU. 

" It is a fine tiling," wrote ^ifir, " if you can say a man never lifted a stone against his 
neighbor, but it Is 6ir finer If you can say lie took out of the path the stooaa that would have 
caught his neighbor's fecL^' 

I want 10 help you to grow ss beaulifiil as God meant you to be when ha thought of you Brst. 
— Oiorfi MatDonold. 

PnnlshmenI will be In proportion to guilt, Ter. 2T.— The Egyptian queen was a 
fool when she dimolved her pearl in one cup of pleasure. The Indian chief was a fool when he 
underrated the current and launched his canoe on the rapids. He is a fool who sports with a 
serpent or heedlessly oombals a Hon. But sin brings its unerring consequences more surety Ihait 
any of thnee. — Ti^ma^. 


Makch 15, 1691. LESSON^ XI. 2 Eimos 5. 15-27. 


There >re two people in this Ibbhod who itaiid in contrast, and may (iiiggeM the two pointa OB 
vhieh to hang the teaching. 

1. Naunaji. The newly healed leper aliowa aeveral tnila worthy of imitation, but with 
them he ahowa oaitain errora of opinion, whioh are, however, not to be judged too harshly, in 
view ofhia ignoronoe of the true Ood and the true religion. 

1.) Notice ihe three exam plee wliicli Naaman sets us. He was grattfultot theblening whioh 
be had received. Ue wua nvereni toward the Lord who had bleased him. He was lihtrat in hia 
offering toward the Ood of Isiaet. Naaman eviaoed thenpirit of aainocre wonihlper. Bliow how 
those who have been saved shoold manifeal the same spirit. 

a.) Bui we may call attanlion also lo the mialakes of Xaaman. He fkiled tO sea the spiritual 

manoer or idol-priest. Tcr. 15. It would have brought shame on the prophede offloe for Eliaha 
to have acocptad agitl in return for a miraole. Rome to-tlay promtsea salvation Just to the moBsure 
of the purchaser's means of payment. 

His lecond error— and in hia case a pardonable one — lay in hla oonception of the Lord Jeho- 
vah BS a local divinity, who could be woiahiped only on Israelite soiL Naaman kmw not that 
he ia the Ood of tfae wholo earth, and that in every place worship may be rendered to him. Some 
think that they oan be saved only nt an altar, and can pray only in ■ church. But the home, 
•hoold have iU altar and the bod-chamber sliould be an oratory. 

Uia third vmr, aocordin|[ to one interpretation of the narrative, wai an nnvillingnea* to 
make an open confeeaion of hin rellj^on. He would Iww down to Kimmon, but would worahip 
Jehovah. God expects every believer In him to own him before the world. 

We can learn lessons of true eervioe from Naaman's mistakca, as well u from his 

3. Oahail. Obeerve that Gehaii Moodlnthe Bsmerelation to EliBhaasEliihahad stoodln to 
Eltjab. He ei|joyed hii companionship, heard his words, shaml his oonfldenoe, might have been 
his suceeaeor, and might have carried onward hia work. We might have plaoeil the mimes of 
Elijah, Blisha, and Oehaii together. 

Notice that Gehaii All tKcausa of oovetouiness, as did Aehan, andos did Judas Iscariot. Trace 
the growth of the oovetou* spirit in his case : deaire (or gain, decwt, open falsehood. Show what 
God's word ahows about the love of gain, and ahow to what arimea it leads in this age. 

See how Uehaxi's greed must have influenced Naaman's estimile of the prophet. He may 
have said : "After all, this servant of Jehovah is no batter than the aervants of Binunon. He is 
just as eager for g^n, and adds to it hypocrisy I " Naaman'a soul wsa probably hurt by Qehau's 

Observe, Uyn, that Ihe riches whioh Qehazi gnined by unrighteoninesa brought him no benefit. 
What avail wositto him to wrap the garment of Naamnn'a gift over the skin of a leper I Yet that 
ia what thooiands of rich people are trying to do. 

NoUce tbe harm whioh Naaman wrought upon those who should oonu after him. Ver, ST. 
So ia it with the luint of blood wliioh the drankard and the delwuchee infuse into th«r offspring. 

Choeee between Naaman the leper and Oehaii the leper. 


1. TO 8PSCEAI. BUBJXOT8.-" QehDii," Stutlit, JttBuk ChvnA, ii, SS6. "Oehnzl 
Punished," Qiiui, Hovrt iritA tin £i6U, iv, ISS. " Ochaxi, the Natural Successor of Elijah," 
ariNLBT. " Leprosy," Thomsob, Laud aitd IIu Soot, ii, 519; Biiliail Tnaiury, v,18!. " Leproey 
of Qabaii's Descendants," TnoHsoit, Land and tin Book, li, SOO, " The Use of Earth (tijm 
Pdeatlne," BcBPan, Oritntal Cuttairui, i, 810. " Univeival Cse of Gifts In Iho East," " Simmon 
and Mis Worship," OnoitiHun and Agnoiliciim, Q. Bauiow. 

2. TO BSBHOSrS Ain> AO1XBJBSSBS.-^0eAan, W. Jav. T/u Mutinf a/Kaaman and 
JOMa, JoHX FAVo«rr. Thi Hin and t^nUkment of Gekial, John Fawcntt. Tht Jfypocrity af 


2 KiKGS 0. 8-18, LESSON XII. 


GOLDEN TBZT.— Pear not: fbrtbey that be wltb i 


nMB.— 698 B, C. 

PXBSONS.— 1. The kini; of Syria. Pmbubly Bcii-liailiid II. III-, 
father, Ben-Juuliul 1., line already appenruJ in our lissnoniina the dUt [>rKiii)t 
Aea of Judali, and the foe of King Bimnha at larail. The eccoiid Bea- 
hndnd inherited his father'H oniiiity to lamtil. llu was vory lunorful, 
br1uj(itig thirty-two vunsal kiugn with lilin to liin finl niege of Saiiiarii. 
1 Kings 20. 1. Ahab >t lint submitted to him aa a vaasal, but afterward 
under prophetic direction fought and destroyed thn Syrian army, and »as 
utDsured for sparing the lifu of tlio nioreiltiHa Syrian liing. Soon after tlie 
death of Aliab, Bcn-liadad 11. porUdioual; renewed tlie war. Eight yean 
later he was Itiltcd by llaxael, whone son, Ben-hadnd 111., reigned dis- 
aaCroQuly. 2. Th« man of God— Elinha. 3. ThB king of IirtWl— prob- 
lio grandaon of Ahab. 1. The serraat of the man of Ood, uiiniuned, but not 

A city north of Sumarin, upon a hill (ver. IT) at a narrow pe/a in the 
: S. S), in Clio district of tlio present J\nm.—Bahr. It wua proliably 
3f abode. The scene shifts to Dothan from tho oamp of Syria and 

8 Then the king o( 8yr'i-a warre< 
agaiDBt Is'ra-el, and took counsel witi 
hia servants, eaying. In such and sacU : 
place thall he my 'camp. 

3 Now the king of Syr'i-a warred 
against le'ra-el; and he took counsel 
with hia servants, saying, In sucli and 
such a plnee shall be hit ' ciini)>. 

I. ELISHA'S ENEMIBa Venei 8-16. 

8. Then— Bctt<;r, na». Whether Iwfbre oruftertho 
cure of Kaainaii, we have no inilioillon.— /,>.jMAy. The 
ting of Byria— Bon-hadad. 3co nolt on I'erhoks and 
compare larao 2*. Warred against larael— It in clfar 
lliat (jvria was a moat formiihible odveraary lo Israel at 
this period. Tho inroads described first in this clisptcr 
appear to haro licen made by barnis of plunderers under 
the direction of the king. Bui when Ben-iiudad gathered 
all Ills host and came and beaicged Samaria tlie warbre 
was of a ultfercnt kind. — Ziimii/. His lerranta — Jlit 
aiilte-dt-camp. My camp — Beii-hsdad probably threw 
his troops into anibu»cadc.«, e.tpecting to surprise and 
isiiare the forces wliiuh iJie king of Israel might stnd against him. — TtriT/. 
Worldly men pal eoaBJFiiee In human iirataKrm. See ILLISTRITIONS. They have no oUier 

resource. But Christians need nerer resort to Irlcliery. " nie God who rules on bigb " Is tbeir 





9 And the man of God sent nnto the 
king of Is'ra-el, saying, ' Beware that thuu 
pus not such a place; for thither the 
Syr'i-ans are come down. 

10 And tlie king of Is'ra-el sent to Uie 
place ivhich the mail of Qod told him 
aod warned him of, and saved himself 
there, not once nor twice. 

11 Therefore the lieart of the kin^ of 
Sjr'j-a was sore trouljled for this thing; 
and he called his servants, and said unto 
them. Will je not show me which of us 
M for the king of Is'ra-el } 

12 And oneof hiseervantBsaid.^NoDe, 

9 And the man of God sent unto the 
king of la'ra-et, saying, Beware that 
thou pass not such a place; for thither 

10 the Syr'i-ana are coming down. And 
the king of Is'ra-el sent to the place 
which the man of God told him and 
warned him of; and he saved himself 

11 there, not once nor twice. And the 
heart of the king of Byr'i-a was sore 
troubled for this thin^ ; aod ho called 
his servants, and said unto them, 
Will ye not show me which of us is 

13 for the king ot Is'ra-el? And one of 

O. BcQ-hadad iervcd as a nxl of chaa linemen t to bring back the natioi 
JebOTah rescued it repeatedly ; not by kings, mighty ajmies or greal general 
of Gh>d, that bU might perceive [hat salvation was not a work of humso i 
bat was dxus to the God of lamel.— iUir. Eliaha sppe&rs in the dislloct charucter of a tear, 
which was the older name for a prophet. 1 Sani. 9. 9. He snw the ploes where the SyriuiB 
had dotonnlaad to enniinp, not once only, but as often aa they formed a plao, and, when tliey 
flame to take him captive, he eair the heavenly protecting powers, and at his prayer the eyes of 
hie attendant were opened, so that he loo saw them, vrheroaii the Syriiins were stniek with blind- 
nen. It was not clairvoyance, but revela[ioQ._Zan^>. Beware that 13iou pass not — Avoid 
leading or Kendlng your forces into snoh a place. — Tory. Ara oome down — "Are ooming." 
They were lying in ambtuh ready to spring upon and capture any that came in their way. 
JOKpiat says Che King of Israel was stutiog on a hunting party when Elisha warned him. In 
spite of the strong language uaed against Jehoram (3, IS, 14) and his family on account of their 
aim, God's pn>|>het had still much hope of the nation, and, aa we have seen in aereral instances. 
not without good reason. His action here aavea not only the king, but the people alno. — Lwni-/. 

II b Ds ireaaon to bring naltr and malicious plots to ll^t, tmt a sacred dutf.— <Mandtr. Tlttle- 
UBIe and double-dealloB ahould nerer be Indulged In, but no one can know betorebaud of an 
Intended wrong and neglect utmost eDoits to prevent It without paitldpating in its guilt. 

Thr IjOH li ■ hl4tBt(-pliice. Pia. 11». lltl. He briHRa to nauxbt tba plots of tlie ofty, so Ibai 
the; anDot aocompliab them. Job B. iS : vers. 8-14. The angel of tlie Lord encamiwUi round 
alwat them that fear blm, and dellveratb tbem. Pia. U. T ; vers. 15-19. 

10. Smt to tbe plaoa — Sent spies there. Saved hinualf UMTS — Not by sending 
armed forocs to rout the ambushed Syrians, or u> preoocupy the place before the Syrians oune 
down to it, but by observing the counsel of the prophet, and not passing through that locality. — 
Terry. Sot onoa nor tWio«— Repealadly did ho thus escape the snareii act for him. 

OarkM(iaKeivliliiibesRl4aiman<r»lecll*B«rGo<. See ILLIWTBiTIONS. Ctarlnlans should 
trust God as IborouRhlT as soldiers trust their general or shtp-passengen tbelr captain. Privala 
and paaieniRrg dare not advise Ihelr oOelal guides aitd gOaRUane; but bow often wepreoume to 

11. Bore tnmblad — Bcn-hadad had cause for anxiety. Unprecedented military tactics 
were being used by his fbes. His aemiita— His " aids," as above. Wliioh of iu is for the 
Uns ot Inaal — When his design was thus repeatedly fVuetnted it was natural to think of 
treaohery among liis own people. — CanAridgt BibU. But he could hanJly have dono n moro 
foolish thing than to thus blurt out his suspicions. 

WerMljr bck Mlribulo lUlnre to wreag eaun, aM are nnhappi. Bee Illitstsations. It Is 
one ol the bsnlMt praetleal leswmi tor a self 'Willed mantalGsrUi Ihst be Is not omnlpoteal. 


3 KiNU!) 0. 6-18. 


First Quabtko. 

my lord, king: but B-li'aha, tlie 

Eophet that w in iB'n-el, telleth the 
Dg of lB'ra-«l the words that thou 
apeakeat in thy bed-chamber. 

18 And he »aid, Qo and spy where he 
ii, that I ihay aend and fetch him. And 
it was told him, sajing, Behold, htii in 
' Do'thiui. 

14 Therefore Bent he thither hones, 
and chariots, md a "great host: and 
tliej came by night, and compassed the 
city about. 

15 And when the 'aerrant of the man 
of Ood was risen early, and gone forth, 
behold, a host coropaised the city both 
with horaea and chariots. And his aerr- 
ant said unto him, Alas, my master I how 
shall we do? 

his servants said. Nay, my lord, 
king: but E-U'ahA, the prophet that 
ia in iB'rHrel, telleth the king of Is'- 
ra-el the words that thon speakost in 

18 thy bed-chamber. And he said. Go 
and tee where he is, that I may send 
and fetch him. And it was told 
him, saying. Behold, he is in Do'thao. 

14 Therefore lent he thither horses, and 
chariots, and a great host: and they 
came by night, and compassed the 

19 city about. And when the * aerrant 
of the man of Gk>d was risen early, 
and gone forth, behold, a host with 
horses and chariots was round about 
the city. And his serrant said unto 
him, Alas, my master I how shall we 


foTdgn Uod oonfeaaes, in ragsrd lo Eliihx, somsChiog which no one Iq IbiwI hud yat Hlmittedlobe 
true. Ths aame thing alaohjppaned when theOretteatafBllprophMiiappMred. MatL B. 10; IS. ST. — 
Bihr. XU*hK,Uia prophet UiAt is in luMI—ThiBmendoDorElbha points to luehKknowMg* 
of liiin M mifcht have been g^nod through Xuinu'a oure. It mty, howover, be the! oomuraniat- 
tions of other kinds pasoed twtveen Syriu and Iinal, and that in tome of these the preoiae natun 
of Eiiahi'i oonduol was dtaoribad, Nothing in the alary of Naaman oould suggest that Ellaha 
gava iaformatioD to the king of Isrsei. — Cantbrlilgi Siiit. In Oiy bed-ohamber— A proTirVisl 
exproaaioD meaning the moat leorat and ooufldential plsua and oounMla of the king. — Ttny. 
HoUilBi eaa be kM fMiai OmalaiSeBea. Bee ILLtrsrainOHS. Ood heua and seea oar moM cara- 
tuUr tiidden vindi and actlnoi. An awful ttraagtat to the MQMr i scomlortto tbe Ctarlitlan. 
IS. Ooaiid ■117' where he la — This resolution was, of course, grouadeJ on the belief that, 
however great the knowledge of Eliihs might be, if Beiiod sod kept a priiuuer, he oouid no 
longer f^ve information to the king of Israi-I. — JamUton. But how blind, to imagine that he who 
eould tell his secret oounsels could not aUo fVnstnte the moTemonCa of hia Bpiea! — Witdoit, 
Dothan— A beautifal spot on sn emiDence still bearing the name Tett Dothan, about twelve 
miles north of Ssmaris, the some plaoe to which Joseph went in aoarcb of liia brethren. Geo. 
ST. ll.—Ttrr]/. See introduetury note on Puoii. Wo can sea from thialiistory that the Syrians 
were able at this lime to penetrate very far Into tiie country of laniel. — C'anliriii<!i JiiiU, 

14. A ITMrt host— Oreatneaa la oomparstive. Hero was a company aueh aa could bo led 
by Elisha to Samaria, and fed eaaiiy when (liay reaolied that city. But no doulit they were for- 
midable when employed forlbc capture of s aingic man ot peace iihu Elisha, and ihey bad taken 
Dp their poailion b7 night.— Zuniy. Oompsaasd tlia olty about — Besot ul I tlie gates, so that 
none oouid aaoape without their knowledge. Dothan was evidently unguarded. 

Pallb lake* away all Ikar, and glTee true and ]oytu1couneeiPsa.Ea. 4:01. 1-4; a Cor. 4. B. Savld 
speaks with this taJtb, PM. 3. K, S ; e7. l-S ; and Bexeklah, 3 Cbron. 82. 7. 

15. BsTvantof themanof Ood— Not Oehusi.butanotherchoacn in hiapUica; prohnbiy a 
young man taken from one of the eehooie of prophets.— Tory. A boat oom^assed the tily 
botb witli horaaa and obarlota— Tlio Revised Version says, " A host with horses and chariots 
was round atnut tlie city." The words are not the same In Hebrew aH in the previous verse 
where " oomposaoil " was used. The homai anil clieriota were in addition to the footman, who 
alone were epoken of in vemo 14. Alaa, m7 master I The young man was evidently early astir. 
He made the disoovery, and with quick wit knows why tlieao Syriana iiBVO come ; lliey are not 
mere marauders, and soein for onoe W have outwitted his prophetic mauler. 

Our Mellty may lel na Into SlfleulHei, Vers. 18, 14. IS. Bee tixuSTRATmKS. FaiUiEul was 
martyred la Vaoltr Fslr. A perOdlou) world hates lo^lt;. 



Mjlbch 22, 1891. 


2 KiNoa 6. 8-18. 

IB And ho answered. Fear not: for 
'thej that be with ns are more thaa thej 
th&t fra with them. 

17 And B-li'sha prayed, Mid said. 
Lord, I pray thee, open his eyes, that 
he may see. And tlie Lord opened the 
eyes of the yonng man ; and he saw : and, 
behold, the mountain uoi full of 'hones 
Mid chariots of fire round about E-li'sha. 

IS And when they came down to him, 

« W. Hi «.tl U. It; W. »': H. t) rrri. 18. IH; (l.ti I 
». IllW a. IiBh. I. 11. 'Ckip.1.111 FH.U. llU. 11| 

17 they that be with them. And £-li'eh& 
prayed, and said, Lobd, I pray thee, 
open his eyea, that he may see. And 
the Lord opened the eye« of the 

Joung man; and he saw; and, he- 
old, the mountain was full of horses 
and chariots of fire round about E-li'- 

18 sha. And when they came down to 

16. Thay thatbe wttHoa — ElUha ipeaks aa ■ man whose aye* u« opan«d, and who, lacon- 
■equenoa, iiMire of Jahovah't proteodaD, irhoLher he beholdatho Hngotia hott ftbout him or not. — 
CamMiifft SAU. He uw ■b-eadj' the dlvino, proteotliig power, uid begged Ood to 4U01T his 
■ttendant alao to ste it, that be might rnidertaka the joumej' back to Sunam with him, Ihroogh ' 
tba hoMila 11107, fbarleaa and oonaoled. — Langt. Dr. Tory nuuntsina aloutly the re«lexUt«Dco 
l/tbiihoMof ingeliu warrion — an " aimy of heaven." 

n. SUSHA'e DBFBHZIBRS. Varra 18-lB. 

17. Opanlila aye* — To the aervaat there waa need of a more maDift-at vlaion, and for this 
Xlisha praja, and God vouchiaieB lo gnnt it, that the aetvant may become aa oonfldaDt aa hia 
nwater. It ia not that the troopa may be gathered that Eliaha praya ; tbey are there ab^ady ; but 
that the aerrant ma; have a aeoing eye beatowed upon him to dlaoem how well he and hia master 
■t* protaeted. — Siir. Tba Iiord opanad tha ajaa of tha jming nun — Hia natural eyes 
aaw only the faoraaa and chariola of Syria, and he eould not nndentand Eliaha'a meaning wlien 
he aaid, Thaj that b« wltli ua are mora tham tlMj- that ba with tham. He atood In blank 
bewUdennent, tanilled ataightof the enemy'a boat, and not knowing what to make of his maater*!! 
worda. In anawsi to Eliaha'i prayer Qod opened hia apiritaal eyes, onvuled hia inner seoM, and 
lifted him fi>r a moment lo the high plane of Eliaha'a aopematursl vision, whence he obtained 
a view of the ndghtj oreacions of tbe apiritual world around him. Thla sight into the aplritual 
worid was not an Instance of batluoinaUon, but a miracle of gnoe ; an instanos of that divine 
ecstasy or trance in which the holy seen were enabled to behold tbc viHons of the superacnsual 
world, and which oonsists essentially in this, that the human apirit is seized and cooipassed by the 
divine spirit with aooh fonw and energy that, beini; lifted from its oataral atate. It becomes alto- 
gether a Heing eye, a hearing ear, a peraelving aanse, that takes moat vivid oo^iiance of tbinft* 
in either haaven, earth, or bell. — Terry. Tba '""""'»■'" warn Aill of horaaa and obarlota of 
fli a- - T heae hotaen and chariots ware there before the'young man's eyes were opened to behold 
them; uid ao we may veil believe thacmilllona of spiritual beioga walk unaeen aroUDd us, Rnd 
IterhapB minister to na in a thousand ways wheu we are unoonscioua of their presence. " The 
angel of tha Lord encampeth round about tliem that faar him." — Terry. Sound about Bllwb* 
— The enemy oompeased the town all round but there was an innor drsle filled by tiod's army. 
Dothan atood m an eminenoe, and aa the aummic could thua be encircled, and the barrier agaiiut 
the Syriaua appear eompleta. — Cambridgt £ibli. The Syrian army suiTOundod the bill at its bone, 
■0 that eac^n seemed lmpoe»ib)e ; the heavenly army, however, surrounded the city at the top of 
the hill, and ao stood oppoaed to the Syrians. — BdAr. 

Ota real aticKtCh lies !■ rtvyer. Vera. 17, IB. Bee iLLimaiTioiiB. 

We bave winnen allies, gee iLLDsruiTioiia. 


2 Kings 6. 8-18. LESSON XII. First Quabtbb. 

E-li'shu prayed unto the Lord, and said, him, E-li'slin prayed unto the Lontt, 

Smitti this people, I pro; thee, with and said, Smite this 'people, I praj 

blindness. And ' be smote them with thee, with blindnega. And he aninte 

bliodneBs according to the word of them with bllDdneas accordjog to the 

E-li'sha. word of E-li'sha. 

ttie latter cncourugud liy tha lianvenly vision, hail coma forth from the oitjr anil be«n able to pa^a 
the gate. After this the Syrians foUoned them, and an their approacli Elioha prayed that they 
might bo amitton with blindneaa. — Camtridgt Bibit. Let ra Buppoee that, as a ninttor of hihtoi^ 
icat fact, on a certain day, a certain man, under certain drcamatancea, looKed up and saw in t)ie 
air " chariots and horses of Ura," or something clre for which " chariots and horses of fiie" ia a 
aynibolic expression. The practical reiijcioua importance of the incident lies In the tact that he 
was thereby convinced that God protoeta his own. The prophet's object in his pnyer oonld 1* 
none otlier than that he might be llim confirmed in the rait!), und the edification of the story de- 
pends upon thene two deductions : God protects bis serrantH ; and lo the eye of faith, thii proloo- 
tion is svident, when earthly eyes see it not. — Siaantr. Bmite tbia people, I pray Oiea, with 
blittdjieu— What seems to have bocu sent upon the men uaa an illusiaa wliicli prevented them 
from seeing coTrectly what was before CiiGm. Joiepkui explains it as ■ mist whereby they were 
prevented from recognizing Eliaha. The word, which is plural in form, occurs only hare and in 
Gen. 19. 11. It denotes the seeing of something unreal instead of the true imone. Thus thesB men 
could go with Elisha to Ssmaris, not icnowing to what place ho wns leading them. — Cambridgi 
£iblc. They evideiiily did not know they were blinded. Itwcms lohnve been mental confesion. 
Smote them witii blindnaut— The same divine power which, in answer to prayer, 
-opened the spiritual eyes of the young roan, closed and blinded oven the natural eyos of the 
enemies ofEHsha. Jehovah blesses his servants with enlarged vi^an of his power and glory, 
but outses his enemies with biindnesii. Ci>mp. Qen. 19. II ; Acts 13. 11. — Tory, liottbr his 
own salie did Elisha pray Johavali to smite the Syrians with biindnc»i, but in order that he might 
lead them to Samaria. The Ihanlis for their surrender into the hands of the king were due, not 
to lilm, but lo Jehovah. JehoTsm was to learn once morelo recognlie the faithfulness andmi|^t 
of Jehovah, and to Ije oonvinced that there was a prophet in Israel (chap. S. B) from tlie ttt* that 
thtse dangerous enemies were delivered into hia hands without a blow. On the other hand, 
BoD'hsdad and the Byrians were to Icam that they could not accomplish nny tiling, with all Ih^r 
«unniug pioti, against [he " prephet that is in Israel" (ver. 12), and much ices ngainst Him whose 
servant and witness this prophet was. From this time on, therefore, they ceased their raids, as ia 
exprensly stated in verse IS. T)ie releaiie, entertainment, and dismissal of the troopn wai a deep 
mortification to them. The slaughter of the captives which Jeboram dralred would, on the con- 
trary, have fruslrated the purpose of the prophet's act. — Bakr, 


Worldly men put confldence in hnman atratafem, Ter. 8.— When Ni^Ieen 
■was about to Invade RuBsia, n person who fiad enJunvored to dissuade liiin from hia purpose, find- 
ing he could not prevail, quoted the proverb, " Men proposes, but God dispo*™;" to whioh be 
indignantly replied, "I dlspoMi as well as propose." A lady on hearing the boast remarked, 
" 1 set that down as the turning-point of tlie euiperor'a fortunes." The invasion of Bussia proved 
the commencement of bis 6dl.- WhU^'ron. 

In Chili, wliere the ground is subject lo frequent shocks of earthquake, men do not dig deep 
foundations, pile up high walls, or build as if for ages. Enduring structures cannot tie erected 
.on a treacherous soil, ^o more can worldly Mihemes with only human skill behind tbeni per- 
manently succeed. — Spnrgnm. 

Onr beat aafety is tk the BoIdiiiiGe iind protectlOD of God. Ter. lO.— I wiis 
fluoe climbing a high peak of the Monte Rosa cliain with my brother. Near the top we enlereJ a 
dense fof;. My brother seeing a slope beyond, and not knowing it was the comioe oveifiangiDg a 
vuxt precipice, rushed forward. The guides raJsud a cry of agonized waniiag whieh oauaed him 


Habch 22, 1891. LESSON XIL 2 KtMOa 6. 8-18. 

to hmlt. As he did ao tlie 
tiDU to tuimt bim b; the OM 
pariL — JVnnnm A^J. 

Wban Velix of NoIa ww hoUj punued by morderen, ha took reflife In a oave, and instanCly 
over the rift of It the spiden wovs thair webi, uid aeainic thla the murdaran puwd bj. Thea 
■eld the Mdnt, "Where Ood in not, b wall ii but ■ spider's thread; vhare ha It, a ■pidar's weh ia 
aa ■ iralL"— AfTor. 

Worldly Men atlrlbnte fUlnn to wroas oaaaea, and are nakappf. Ter. 1 1. 
Fnaeli vhen he failed in uiy of hia oaicatureB used ta oomplain that naton put him out; 
and the houaainald when loolded for the nntidineu of the Tooma eiolaimed : " The^ would lie 
dean enough if it were nob for the aalj sun whiob ia always ahowing the dlit; ooman."— 

ITotklHg can be kid Uom Oaaalaelenee. Ter. 13.— A Greek aoulptor worked out 
that part of the atatua which would be hidden by tha wall of Cha temple aa &ithlu]ly aa that 
vhich would ba expoead lo the eya, becauaa the gods would look on both. — F. D, JfoHruw. 

A Bithcr said to hia son, who had attended a BsbbsUi-sofaool, " Cany thia patoel to anch a 
plaae." "It ia tha Sabtiath," replied the bo;. "Put It in yoor pocket," leplied the fiuher. 
*' God can wa into my pocket," aaid the child. 

One day tha astrcKiainer Hitchell waa viewing the aoo aa K was aettiag. Its raya came aver 
the top of a bill aeven milea away. Through the jfreat eye of hi* teleictipe he saw two boy* 
aceaUng apple* fVam a tree on thst hill. One waa getting the apptea and the other watching, 
feeling cartun that they were ondiaooTarad. But the profteaor aaw every movement diatinctly. 

Ood enler* by a private door into every individoaL— JfmniDn. 

Oar Idelltr aiar fet na lato dificalttea. Vera. 13, 14, tS Oliver Uiltard, a 

popolar preaataer of theraignofLouia XL, atlaoked the vloes of the court in hia aarmoos and did 
not space the king himself, who, takii^ offense, sent him word that if he did not change his lone 
he wodd have Um thrown into the Saiva. " Tell the king," replied Oliver, " I ahall roach 
paimdiae aooner by water than ha will with his poat-hoiBea." [Traveling poet waa Inatltuiad by 

A young workman in tha " BUtck ooDutry," after hla oonvenlon, aought to In&uenea Ilia oom- 
panions for good. They peneouted him In return. One day whui he waa In the fbiga they 
atrippedhim naked and plaoed him in Aunt of one<rfthe fbmacs flm while thej nUered terrible 
Uaaphemiea and thrsata. They purpoaed to keep him thWB till he awore, but through a Aiend 
ba waa releaaed. "I naver felt Jeaus so near to me," heai^d. 

Tbe pope sent a Dominimn triihop to Florenoa to answer Bavonarola'a sennonB. " He r»- 
potted thna : " Thia monk saya we ought not lo ktap ooncnbiuaa, commit simony, or tia guilty of 
Uaentlouaneaa. What ahall I reply ! " " Reward hiin 1 "* wrote the pope. " Give him a red hat ; 
make a cardinal and Mend of him at onoe I " For tbiee daya tbe bishop plied his arjruments, 
tbon ofTerad hia tempting bribea. " Come to my sennon to-mixTow," said the monk, " and you 
ahall bear my reply." He wound op a powerfiil denunciation with the words, " I will have no 
Dtfaer red liat than that of martyrdom, oolored with my own blood." — Stieman Hall. 

Fatik aeaa Tletary, aad it coalideal. Ter. IS.— The bird often perohea on a fr^ 
branch that bends and yields beneath ita wdght or ia swayed by tha slightest breou. It has no 
(ear though tbe outward and materinl support give way, fiirit has wings — those luppotta in Itaelf 
which Ood haa givea. So tiuth roudeia us independent of props and buoya the soul up though 
all earthly aide be withdrawn, 

GiTemathaelinka; flrat, aense of need ; second, darire to get ; third, belief that Ood has 
ID atora; fourth, belief (hat tbon(^ be withdraw! for a while he lovee to be aaked; and, fifth, 
belief that asking wHl obtain ; and the oliain will raacb fVom earth to heaven, bringing heaven 
down to nie or hearing ma ap Into heaven. — dvftrii. 

Dr. Brown tella of an old Boottish believer who, when questioned regarding the ground of 
her oonfldence, thus grandly responded ; " Janet," aaid the miniatar, " what if, after all Ood has 
done for yon, he should let you drop into heilt" "E'en'a [even as] he llkaa," ahe replied; "if 
hedoea he'll loaemair than I'll do." 

Cnaar never misled hia army as to the enemy's strength. In Africa, before Tbapana, lib 
otBceta wvni nervoua at the approach of Juba, he called them together, and aaid : " Within a day 

10 lis 


2 Kings 6. 8-18. LESSON XII. Fihst Qoabtbs. 

King Juba will be here villi thirt; choimnd bomaoMti, Un tbouund HkiraiUhen, uid tiine hun- 
dred elephanta. Tou are not to tfaink or uk qnggdoiis. I tell ;ou the tluth, and U any of 70D 
are alarmed I bIuH iiend 70U home." — FroaeU. 

We have nnieeD nlUei. Ter. 17.— The Sngllsh Bmbainador to the coiut ofPrnsnanc 
■t a table of Fiederick th« Great, then medltatisx a war depending mainlj on English aulwidiea. 
Bound the table Bat inflilel French vita making many over the decay of the tollie* of andentbith. 
When the Itdk tvmed to var, the embaaasdor aaid: " England vould, by the help oTQod, atand 
b; Proula. " Ah," Hvd the Infldel Fredciiek, " I did not know you had an ally of that name." 
" Pl«aae jour nu^eety," was the retort, " ha ia the only ally lo vhom we do not aend aubaidiea." 

Ood haa opened our eyea to recognize the Inviaible fbrcea of natur e - - gia vlfdon, wind, cleo- 
triclty, etc — and give m dominion over them ao that they do our bidding. 

Our real atre^Kt^ He" >■ PTarc'- Vera. 17, IS.— JuaC aa a ahMmahar make* a Hho» 
end a t^or a coat, ao the Chriatian'a trada la praying. In our daya it haa raised three peraon* 
tttym the point of deiith ; myself, my vifa Catherine, and Uelanchthon. — Lvthtr. 

SometimeBa fog vitlHatcleoTeraveanel'a deck and yet leave the topmaat clear. Then a lailor 
goea aloft and gett a lookout Ihc helmaman on deck cannot get So prayer lUta na atWTe Ul» 
douda and ^«s as a ahanoe to lee which way to ateer.— ^iwyaan. 


1. Drmwa map showing the relations of Syria and lane], and on it indicate Damaiena, th» 
capital of Syria, and Samaria, the cardial of laraaL In teacJiing clilidren, draw aline from Da- 
masoua to Israel, to repreiient the inarch of the Syrians. It would be well to repraent aeveral 
places by marks on the laraellte fhintier; and to draw linoa of armies marching toward thsm, 
fVom Samaiia to defend, and ftom Damascus to attack. With tlieae tell the atory of the leaaoa 
ftom versa B to verse 12. 

9. Indioale on I2ie map the sitoatiun on Dothan, and mention the telling of Joaeph, which 
took place there. Draws ring around it to repraaantthe beaiegiag camp of the Syrians. Tail the 
story of Ellaha'a servant, and what ha aaw. Ter. lS-15. Then draw iDside the ring another, of 
brig)it red or yellow color, to represent the chariota and hones around Eliaha. Yen. It, IT. 

8. Balate die aaqool of the lesson, showing how the Syrians wen lad by Eliaha to Samaria, 
and were returned home lo Dsmascua. Show in this the power of kindness (a oveteome encmiea. 

4. A Una of apirltoKl tochlng in this leaeon is to illustrate tt<xa it the ways in whioh Ood 
takes care of his own : 1.) By giving Ihem kuowledge. 2.) By giving them proteotioD. t.) By 
giving them snewer to prayer, i.) By giving tbem power over men, Does not Qod help his peo- 
ple in all these ways now I 

6. Asotlier plan of toacbinx may be found in the conduct of Eliaha, and the spirit which he 
Hbowed. Nolioa: 1.) His pafrMwra/ in using his powers for the protaotioD of his people, becauae, 
though taiion, they wore etiii the people of Ood. i.) Hta iiuifht ; tor, living in cloae oooimunioD 
with Qod, the eeorot of the Lord was revealed to him. S.) His eonfideiua; he was strong in 
heart, tnatinK not in himself but in Ood. 4.) His UadvtlUp ; prompt in action, he ooma for- 
ward, and led his enoinioe into the city of Samaria. B. ) We might notioa, also, fV«m the suooeed^ 
ing varees, his nwrcy, a tniit that was far more strongly marked in Eliaha than in El^ah. 


1. TO SFBdAI. BUBJUOTB.— " Eiisha'a Beudeooe In Dothan," Thovsoh, Land and Ukt 
Book, it, IM. " Klisha's Practical Joke," Tnci, Hand-book of Biilt D^tcHiUa, S), at. " In- 
viaible Beings," Cook, Btligion and ChtntiitTy, lOT. Bons of the Propbets," Biihop Botd-Cas- 
pairnB, AngHaan Pulpil of To-day. " Pulpit Trees," T. KKLLr. " The Iron made to Swim," 
T. CBAHTNEsa, Nta a>[fu fSrom Old Oold^ £22. "His Eyes Opened," J. Buumi, Nno Song, IS, 

2. TOSUBMOBB ASD ASDKBBSItS.'-rA«7f»inJZ> World a Xtalily d/ AIM, LiSDOX. 
383. Tkt yalion'i Critii and llu Oirutian't ZhUg, R. R. Bootn, National PalpU, iS. Tke Dt- 

/mdtn Iff tht Cftristian mort than Kit AMoiUmtt, 1 . DanuiOHD. Tlu Biindntu qf itatt and tin 
Iftamai Iff the Spiritual, T. I>. Woolsit. On tite Pratnat <tf Good Angilt, Bishop HxaiK. Oft 
tkt JfinWry rf Oood AngtU, Bishop Huib, Stnnont Frtaehtd to Kn^land. SUtha FnUettd 
by Iht Chariot* qf Pirt, C. SmoH. 



LESSON XIII.— March 29. 

TEMPERANCE LE8B0N.— Ipa, 5. 11-38. 
GOLDEN TKXT.— My poopla axa daBtroysd ft>r lack of ksowledse.— Ho*, i. S. 
THOL— About TM B. C. 
FIiACT.— Frobably JsnuBlttn. 
BTJIJglB^-ATliih. King or Judkh ; Fekah, King of Imal. 

The wild gnpea which Iraiah mw in tbe vineyard of the Lord he catalognei in ft urlee <tf 
woes {van. B-H), fhiita kll of them of love of monejr and love of wine. The; ere ebiue of the 
khI (6-lD, IT), a^idd; tuxurj which haitalien to drink (ll-Ifi), a moral blindntas and beadlong 
■odacit; of sin whtoh hatntnal avarioe and drunken neua aoon develop (16-91), and, again, agreed 
of drink Bod mone; — inen'a perverelon of their strength to wme, RDd of their oppoitnnltdn of 
jurtica to thataking ofbribea (S2-S4). These are tbe fentorm of oormpt civiliaatlon DOtonlf in 
Jndah, and the voice that deplores them cannot speak withoat rooung others very citunsne to the 
modem conacience. It is with remurkable pamistenoe thut in ever; oivilisation the two moiil psa- 
^onsof thahamsQ hesrt, love of weaJth and love of pleasure, the Inatinct to gather and the in- 
■tinot to squander, have nought precise!; these two fbrtna denounced b; Issish in which to work 
their Bocdal havoo — appropriadon of the soil and indulgence in strong drink. Ever; envillied 
oommunit; developa sooner or ia^er iu land qoeatltu and its liquor queation.—O. A. Smiti. 

II Woe ' unto them that riae up early 
ia the mominff, that they m&y follow 
Btroue drink \ that continue until night, 
tm wine *inflame them 1 

13 And ' the harp and the viol, the 
tablet and pipe, and wine, are in their 

11 Woe tiDto them that rise up early 
in the morning, that they may follow 
Btrong drink; tliat tarty late into the 

13 night, till wine inflame them I And 
the harp and the late, the tabret and 

L TBXt DRnKEAim'B rSABT. VanM 11, 13. 

11. Woe — We are so aocustomed to regard Qod'a " woes" aa threata and anatheoua, we are 
^Itlo fbrgetthat the; are also statamenla of tlie steady working of what la often called "natural " 
law. He who doea the misdeeds here mentioned always has woe. Ikrlj — When it was 
nKBrded apedall; ahamefiil Co drink. Acta 2. 16 ; 1 Theaa. C. T. Banquets toi revetr; began 
aafliar than oaual. £ael. 10. 16, IT. — Jamiinm. Follow strong dilnk — Impl;ing intoxica- 
tion. THI wins <Ti<i«Tii» ttaem — Witli fatal peiustenoetbetuxur;ofevar7 dvillzation has taken 
to drink ; and of all tlie indiettnenta brought b;moraliats agunst nadons, that which the; reaerva 
(brdrunkenneaa is, as here, the moat heavil; weighted. The omaade againat drink la not the 
novel thing that man; imagine who obaerve only ita lale revival among ounetvos. In ancient 
times lliera was scarcely a State In which prohtblLlTe t^Blation of the moat atringent kind was 
not attempted, and gDUeraily carried out with a thoroughnesa mere poasibie nnder dapota than 
where, as with oa, the alow consent of publia opiniou is neceaaary. A horror of strong drink haa 
In ever; age poancased those who from their poaition'sa magiatratm or prophets have been able to 
follow Ibrany diatanoe the drifta of social life, laalah expoeea an pewerflilJy aa ever an; of them 
did where the pecniiar fiitolit; of drinking lies. — Rtpotitor't B&U. 

13. Haip— Music was common at ancient feavtii. Chap, £4. S, > ; Ames S. 6, 4. The harp 
iione of the most ancient of instruments. Tlol — An instrument with twelve atringa. Tabret— 
A kettle-drum or tambourine. From the uae of the tatiret in drowning the criea of children 
aaertlloed to Moloch TbiiM received its name. Pipe — Flulo, or flageolet ; ftom a Hebrew 



IsA. 6. 11-23. 



feasts : but they * regard Dot the work of 
the Lobs, neitliet consider the operatioa 
of his hands. 

18 Therefore 'mjpeople are gone into 
captlritj, 'because tA«y hatu no knowl- 
edge: and 'tbeir honorable men are 
funiahed, and their multitude dried up 

14 Therefore hell hath enlarged her- 
self, and opened her mouth without 
and their glorj, and their 

the pipe, and wine, are in their feasts ; 
but ttiey regard not the work of the 
LoBD, neither have the; considered 

18 the operation of his hands. There- 
fore my people are gone into cap- 
tivity, for lack of knowledge: and 
'their honoi-sble men are famieticd, 
andtheirmultitude are parched with 

U thiiet. Therefore 'hdl hath enlarged 
her desire, and opened her mouth 
without measure : and thtur glory, and 



root, maanlng probsbly to dajU4. Camp. Job SI. 11-16. 
ftaqusnt efllMit of fesBtiiig. Job L B ; ris. S8. S. Work . 
guilty. Tar. 10 ; chap. 10. IS. — Jamittcn. No one who has had to do with persons sloirly ftU- 
Ing fVom modsratB to immoderste drinking can miatake Inuah's nuNming hen. Nothing kills 
tb« eoD«dsnc« lika the steady drlDking of latoiicantsi and raligiaD, evra while the conecience u 
■Uva, acta on It only u an opiate. It in not, however, with the lymptami of drink In Individuals 
aa muah aa with lla SKgregale elFecb on tlie nation that lauah ii eoncetued. So prevalent in ei- 
oaaaiva drinking, so entwined with the iiacial cunloma afthe oountty and many powerful interaata, . 
that it la aztzemely dllflcult to rouse public opinion to Its effecCa.— £Itpoiitop'i BibU. 


IS. Acetone— The prophet eeea tha future 

I 13-31. 

BeoBiue of their fboliah recklauDi 
-In awftil conCraal to 
ICnltltnde— Plebeians, 
I. 107. 4, 6. Coi 

Ver, IS; ohap. 1. S ; Hoe.*. 

Tere, 1], la, " 
to the "honoiBble 

— AristocrstB. 

: drinking. Ver. 11. In thnlr deportalion and exile they shall 
inger and thltat. Thua Jamieton and other authorities nnderatand this paaaage. But it may 
ba understood aa a highly poetical deiicriptloa of the lengthi lo whioh their thint for intoxicants 
had led them. 9o the Xnpotitar'i Bible : Tamperance refonnen are often blamed for stnogth ot 
tbnir language, but they may shelter thamaeivea behind laaiah. Aa he pictures it the nsUonal 
d«traetion eauaed by dtink is oomplels. I[ is nothing laaa than the people's a^irity, and 
wa know what that meant to an Ismalite. Their caplois at« wine and strong drink. Tharv is no 
auch thing as aatiafying their inflamed appetite. " Their honorable men are ^mished, and their 
multitude parched with tliirst." It affects all clai«« alike. 

14. Therefore hell hath snlaTged heraalf [her deeirc] and opened her moath witbont 
measore ; and their Klory, and their multitude, and Uielr pomp, and he thai reJoioeUi 
[among them], shall deaoend Into It — The want and ruin of this earih are not enough to describe 
this " woe." The Tory sppetite of hell has to be enlarged for the consumption of the spoila of Btroog 
driok. Does it not truly seem as if Ihe wild and wanton waste of drink were preventable I as if 
It were not, ss nuey are ready to sneer, tha Inevitable evil of men's hesrts cliooaiDg this form of 
iesoe, but s saperfluous sudsdly of sin, which the devil himself did not desire or tempt man to I 
It is this fbelingof the inremal gratuitousueas of moat of tlie drink-evil — the conriotion that here 
hell wonld be quiet if only she were not stirred up by tlia axttsordinarity wanton provocstives 
that society and the State offer to ezcMsiva drinking — which compels temperance reformera at 
the present day lo isolate drunkentues and make It the ol^ect of a speoiai cmaade. Isush's strong 
Hgure has lost none of its strength to-day. When our judge* tell us from the bench that nine 
tentliB of paupraism snd orime are caused by drink, and oar physicians that if only irregular IJp- 
pliug were abolished half the current sicknass of the land would cease, and our stateenien tlint the 
ravattea of Btrong drink are equal to those of the historical scourges of war, famine, and pestilence 
comtnned, surely to swallow such a glut of spoil " (ho eppetita of hell" must have been sti]] wore 
onlarsed, and "the mouth of hell" made yet wider. — &. A. Smith. Bell — Hoina here ^ 
worid of spirits, not tha place of tonuent. Foeticslly it is represented se enUrpng Itself 



HutCH 29, 1891. 


IsA S. 11-23. 

mnltitnde, uid their pomp, and he that 
rejoiceth, shall descend into it 

15 And the mean man ahull be brought 
down, and the mightj man shall lie 
humbled, and the ejes of the loft; ihall 
be humbled: 

16 But the LoRS of hosts shall be ex- 
alted in juclgment, and 'Qod that it 
holy shall oe aanctifled in righteoueoeH. 

IT Then shall the lambafeedafter their 
manner, and the waste places of the fat 
ones shnll strangen eat 

16 Woe unto them that draw iniquity 
with cords of vanity, and sin aa It were 
with a cart-rope : 

19 That 'say, Let him make speed, 
and hasten his work, that we may see 
it.' and let the counsel of the Holy One 
of Is'ra-el draw nigh and come, thAt we 
may know it/ 

20 Woe unto them 'that call eril good, 
and good evil; that put darkness for 

their multitude, and their 'pomp, 
and he that rejoicetli among them, 
I descend into it. And the mean man 
is bowed down, and the great man is 
humbled, and the eyes of the lofty 

i are humbled ; But the Lord of hosts 
is exalted in judgment, and Ood the 
Holy One is sanctiflcd in righteous- 

T ness. Then shall the lambs feed as 
in their pasture, and the wnste places 
of the fat onee shall 'wanderers eat. 

) Woe unto them that dtaw iniquity 
with cords of vanity, and sin aa it 

) were with a cart-rope ; that say. Let 
him make speed, let him hasten his 
work, that we may see it: and let the 
counsel of theHoly One of Is'ra-eldtaw 
nigh nndcome,that we may know of it I 

) woe tinto them that call evil good, 
and good evil ; that put darkness for 


inuMUMl; Id order to reoelve the oonnllsn honts of periahing Jews. Num. IS. SO. Hs that 
mjoiaath DMUtt the dninken reTSler In Jennslem.— ^onfMOR. 

15. Comp. ohap. 9. 9, U, IT. All rank*, moam and mishtj alike, an bnmblad. Compare 
the " honorable " and the "multitude" of vaTse 18. 

16. Ood shall he STal tad in man's viairbecaiuaofthemuilfbatationBofliEijtutlaBiDpiuiishing 
the gnilljr, and Mnattflad-^eKardedw holy— becauM o(biB<>riglitoaDa" dealings. 

IT. 1%«n ihall tha lamb* feed aAer titelt mauDer— At will, as h) thdr own puitore. 
The lambs of the Arab shepherds iliall tcmm at large, Judea being deaolated of its Inhabit- 
anls, and tuined into one vast putotage. Waat« plao es The doerted laada of the rich, 
tfaa fltt <nua— See Pnu 32. SS, then goat into captivit;. Btraugen, that is, nomadio tribeg, 
shall make tbeSr flooks to tted thera.— JontiaNia, 

18. The next three iroca are upon different aggnvsliona of that moral parvenlty which 
the prophet )ua alrvadj traoad lo strong drink. In the lint of thew it ii better to read " draw 
panuhmeot nsar with cords of vsnltj," than draw Iniqultj'. Then we have a striking antith' 
(■is — the drunlurd* mocking laaiah over their cope, with the challenge, if (t would not be 
taken up: "Let JehOTah make apeed, and Imaten his work of judgment, that we may see it," 
vhile all the time they theoiHlTea wer« dragging that judgment near, as it weia with, a oart-rope, 
by their peniatent diligence in evil. Thia figure of sinnere jeering at the approach of a calamity 
while they actually wear the hameea of ita carriage is vei? striking. But tlie Jews are not only 
unoonadoDS of judgment, ttaey ate oonftued oa to the very piindple* of morality : " Who ooU 
evil good, and good evil ; that pot daikneaa for light, and light for darkneaa ; that put biner for 
aweet, and sweat for bitter I "— ^SnitlA. >' An evil Inclination is at flrat like a fine hdr-string, but 
the finishing like a oart-rope," The antitlieaiB is between the cords of lophistry, like the cpider'a 
web (chap. G9. 6; Jobs, li), with which one ain draws on another, until they at last bind them- 
aelvee with great guilt, as with a cart-rope. They strain every nerve in sin. Vanity— Wiok- 
•dnesa. Sin— A substantive, not ■ verb; IhM ia, they draw on themselvea " sin *' and IM penalty 
reckleaaly. — BHU ComBuntarg. 

IS. Work— Vengeanoe. Ver. 12. Language of defiance to God. Bo Lamech's boast of 
fanpimity. Oen. 1. SS, £4; comp. Jar. IT. IS- 3P«t.B. 3,1. Oooiuel— Ood'e threatened purpoee 
to punish. 

SO. Afourthwoaagalnstthoaewhoconfonndthedistinctioasofrightand wrong (comp. Bom, 




bitter for iwaet, and sweet for bitter I 

21 Woe tiDto them that are wise 
tlieir own eyes and prudent 'in their 
own sight ! 

33 Woe nnto thmi that are might; t 
drinlc wine, nod men of strength to 
mingle strong drink: 

33 Which justify the wicked for i 
word, and take kw&t the righteousDesa of 
the righteous from mm I 

light, and light for darkness; that 

Eiit bitter for sweet, and sweet for 
itter I • 
L Woe unto them that are wise in 
their own eyes, and prudent in their 
own sight 1 
i Woe unto them that are mighty to 
drink wine, and men of strength ta 

i mingle strong drink: which justify the 
wicked for a reward, and take away 
the righteousness of the righteous 


1. S8). Bitter. . . iweet-^inia bitter [Jcr.g. 19; 1. IB; Acta B. St ; Rom. S. 14; lleb. IS. 13); 
tiiinigb it aeema sweet for > time. Pniv. S. IT, 18. Religion is sweet. Phs. IIB. lOS.— Jamiatin. 

SI. Woe unto them that ara wise In their own Bfas, and prudent In thalT own alKlLt 
— In bis Bnh woe Che prophet sttoolu a dinpoaitioD to wiiiuh his soom Rives no paaoa throughmit 
hisminieti7. If theat Mnsosliats hud □□lyoonflDodthemsalTua lo their ■ansusilty they miitht have 
been left along; but with thsl intelleotasl bnvado which in equally born with " Dntoh cx>urage" 
of drink, they interfered In the ouiduct of the Stale, and prepuvd smigant poliolei of alliiuiee and 
war that were the distreui of the sober-minded prophet all his days. — KjjiotUor'i IMU. 

83, S8. In hia last woe Isaiafa returns to the driokbg haUta of the upper clanea, from whioh 
it would appear that among the judges, even of Judah, there were " sli-bottle mea." Tbey lOs- 
talned their e:(travagsDoe by unBcrnpnlons subvidln. Thar Inatlfr Um wlokad tat a bribe, 
and take away the richteonaneaa of the rlsbleoo* titaa him. The two venea are doaely 
Joined. Hlnffle stzonc drink not with water, but spice*, to make it intoxicating. Ptot. 9. 
S, S ; Sol. Bong B. S. TMko awar . . . righteonmwaa — Bet aside the just cUima at thoas having 
a righteous case. — S^U Ommtittary. 


There are Sve " woes " in this lesson, and they suggest an order and outline of teaching. 

1. nw iroe of tbe dmnkard. Vera. 11, IS. Find !n these veraea a graphic piotnre of 
* drunken debauoh, and notice bow utterly those who engage in it Ignore Ood and Qod'a will. 

9. The woe c^ the praaamptuaus. Vera. 18, 19. Those who receive this warning an 
reprssontad not as drawn by sin (Jaa. 1. 14), bat sa dnwlnit sin to thenwslvea ; people who aask 
out opportunities of guilty pleasure, who try (O Bud new fonoa of wiokednesa, and who stimnlata 
th^ jaded apputites and luata by temptation. 

8. The woe of the fUalllsr. Var. SO. How many there are wlio try to show that Msir 
idu ts excusable, and oven meritorious; who tone down the distiDotion betwooo good and evO, or 
oblitsrste it ; who would even ahow that darkness is light, and the liquor traffic is a posidvs 
baueflc to the community. 

4. Thawoeofttaehaushtr. Ter. II, This warning seems to aim at the inteUeotaalstaf* 
conceit, the lofty opinion of human wisdom without the recognition of Ood, wMoh is the trwt of 
the agnostidam of to-dsy. 

fi. Tbo woe of the wlOkad. Yen. £1, Ut. Not every sort of wiakedness is here con- 
demned, but eapeeially tliat which boasts in Its godleesDes*. Those who would show their great- 
ness by their guilt, that trait whioh f^rly glories in its ahsmc. As asys Dr. Alexander: " Then 
may be a partJculu- allusion to s species of foolhardiness and bmtnal smtntjon not unoammoa 
In our own times, leading men to show the vigor of their Itamea by mad excess, and to asek emi- 
nence in this way no ieaa eagerly than auperior Spirits seek true glcry." 




^ %^'-'4i, 



April 5,' 1 891. 

2 Kings 7. 1-16. 



LESSON I.— April 5. 



TtICa,— 8HB. C. 

PIiAOE. — The elt; of BuoariB uid the lurroDndliig oountiy. 

FKBSOmi. — 1. Kins Jflhoimm of lanel Menu to hkve been vacillatiiig in ohaiaiMr, but 
witli lome Urong tr^lB uid good impulwe — "& true son of bis father Abab." S. Ml»ti*. 8. A 
lord, ooDoeniing whom ire hare no facts except iboee here Kireii, and his death ittoorded in 
Teiaa IT. 4. Toax lapMs. 

1 Tben E-li'sba sud, Hear je the word 
of tlie LoRO; Thus g^th the Lokd, ' To- 
tnonow, about this time, thall a meuure 
-of fine flour bt fold for a shekel, and two 
measure* of barley for a shekel, in the 
.gate of Sa-ma'ri-a. 

1 And E-li'eha raid. Rear ?e the word 
of the Lord: thus aaith the Lord, 
To-morrow abonC thia time ihall a 
' measure of flae flour be told for a 
shekel, and twn meaaurea of barley 
for a shekel, in the gate of Ba-mu'ri-a. 



1. Hear ya tha word of tha ZiOid — The solemnit; and 

nmooticnoH TO 

diaUnatDesa with aihieh the prophet addnaaee the king, the elden, 
and the othera who an pnesnt most not be overloaked. To- 
morrow at this tima — When the Deed is ftnatent Ood is 
neareet. If Ood often uneipeotedl; helps even apoetatee out of 
gttM need, how much more will he do tbla for his own, who 
call to him da; and night. He has roads for ever; Joarnef ; he 
doea not lack fbr means — SSAr. A msaatuw of One floor Ibr 
a ahakM— This ma; be exUmated at ■ peck of flue flour nold for 
flftyaeveo eenla, and two pecks of barley at the same price. — 
Ttrry. The " meaaure " is the Hebrew Mai, which is said to be 
abont a peck, h was hi Ihnea «a much as the kab mentioned 
iQ S, as. Bo thiit tha chaiim which Eilsha fbietell* wonid provide 
six Umea as imicJi good food lor one fllUi of the prioe for which 
In the l^ioe the viloat had been Kid.—CamMdft mU. In 
tb« gate of Samaria — That Ik, the piece wliere the market waa 
nauslly heM.~£<ig;>. Vegetables, cattle, snd all sorta of oonntiy 
produce are itill aold ever; momitig at t)ie gstea of towna in tha 
East.— JanHom. 

BTtmin or TKi Vrbt 8iz icoimis, aee w» IT, is. 


2 Kings 7. 1-16. 

Second Qcabtxk 

a Then 'a lord on whoM hand the 
kins leaned answered the man of God, 
and iMd, Behold, *if the Lonn would 
make windowi in heaven, might this 
thing be t And he aaid, BehoH, thou 
abalt Bee it with thine ejea, bat * ahalt 
not eat thei^of. 

8 And there were four leproni men 
* at the entering in o( the gat« : and they 
•aid one to another, Wb7 ait we here 
nntil we diet 

4 If we aay. Wo will enter into the 
dty, then the famine u In the city, and 
we shall die there: and if we sit still 
here, we die also. Sow therefore come, 
and let ns fall nnto the host of the Syr'i- 
ans: if the; save ns alive, we sball live; 
and if 'they kill na, we shall bnt die. 

king 1 
God, e 

2 Then the captain ou wboaa hand the 
leaned answered the man of 
and aaid. Behold, it the Loni> 
should make windows in heaven, 
might this thing bet And he said, 
Behold, thou shalt see it with thine 
eyes, bnt shalt not eat thereof. 

8 Now there were four leprous men at 
the entering in of tbegate : and they 
sud one to another, Why sit we here 

4 until we diet If we say, We will 
enter into the city, then the famine la 
in the city, and we shall die there: 
and if we sit still here, we die alao. 
Now therefore come, and let ns fall 
unto the boat of the Syr't-ans : if they 
save us alive, we shall live; and u 

Oar « >sill— «■!■ an irt>»ttl»aBi M aar BMd. gae ILumaATlom. " fen croMaa tnm 
Bta wonatta Iiand are liliilimi In dtamiln." 
S. A.UaA—'BMheT, third mon, or "capuin." ThU km the title of cms of the biKheat oSran 
<f nate, uid 0Q« of tha neanat attandanta upon royalty. Se was to tfaa king of iatael what 
Naaman waa to the king of Bjrrla — prima miolater. — Tery. 'WlndowB In hoavon may ba an 
alluiiion to Gen. T. II. The acoff and jaat of no belief.— Zwv'. The prime minister looks 
npoQ the thioff foretold la a ilieer Intpoaaildlit/, and treata tha piophat'a woida with contemptnoos 
mxm. Onlj think, he aaya, of JahoTahop«idnf[t>iabaavenaand ahowaring down moal and grain. 
Can anoh a thln^ bet — TVrry. The children of tliia world oonaider thau nnbalief to be wiadom 
and enlightenment, and thay aeek to put that whidi la a consolation and an ot^Ject of raveraoe* 
to othen in a ridlculoua \lgbl. The Luid will not leave anoh wickedneaa nnpuniabod. — Z^iif*. 
nion ahalt aee It with Uiine ayaa— The anawer to this mocking capt^n would be aa hard Ibr 
him to comprehend ai waa tha promlae of abundance which he waa deriding. — Cambridf* JUiU, 
II la euy (Br ear l>ort t* kriac tara af plaalT doae apoD dan of tamtne sod wast. Tbereroro 
we itKHild DOC iVwiialr, but truM In God, and await bla bleailns In hope and patlMlM imlD hn 
"oinD the wiDdCiwi ol beaven.'' Mai. S. 10. 
Bllail«ah«ll«f tiaare loerr. Bee Ut-T'STKATIom. 
Oi j iilllia M eafi r"W' •■■¥ laiana aamlTea. gee iLLUsrunOM. 

n. THB DSSERTBD OAHP. Vanaa »-lt. 

S. VeoT laprona man— Comp. Lev. 11.46; Niun. i.ijf. Noonaany longer brontftt them 
food from the city, and thej were not ponriitted to enter it. in order to eacapa death from hangar 
thay propoaed to go over to the camp of tha enamj at duak, when they would DM be Bean ttoat 
tbe cily.—BiAr. Hebrew tradldoa says that thCM lepers were Gehaii and hia tlirea ama. — 
Ctarla. At tha antarlnc in of tha gata — Living, petbapa, in aomo laxar-booae then. Lav. IB. 
a-S; Nam. S. I. — Jamiaon. 

Sat^cCart laa a(ep (awarJ aaltaOaau Bee IiXDSmaTtOKS. We utoat "flea frem the wiath to 

4. I«t na JUIuntathehoat of the BrrlBBB—Thcae wrecks of bnmai^ty nae tho langoag* 
which would be used bj liale men who were daaeiting one riile far another. Comp. 1 Bam. S). > : 
IKingaSS. 11. The expreeaioD "(all awa7"fT'> desert" is mnunon in Engllah alao. Comp. 
SMtapmrt, " Antony and Cleopatra," iv, e, U.—Lumbw. To aCay meant prolonged atarvation 
and eventual dtetb ; to go meant a mere chance of hoapitable Doniiahment, but a probaUli^ of 
sodden death. 



April 6, '. 

2 Khjos 1. 1-16. 

5 And they rote up in the twilight, to 
go unto the camp oi the Byr'i-aiu: and 
when they were come to the uttermost 
p«rt of the cunp of Syr'i-a, behold, th«re 

6 For the Lobd had made the hoBt of 
the Syr'i-aos ' to hear a noise of chariots, 
and a noise of hones, Mxn the noise of a 
KTOftt host: and thej said one to another, 
Lo, the king of Is'ra-el hath hired ag^nst 

6 thej kill us, we shall but die. And 
they rose np in the tnilieht, to go 
tinto the camp of the Syr'i-Euis: and 
when they were come to the outer- 
most part of the camp of the Syr'i-ans, 

S behold, there was no nun there. For 
the Lord bsd mode the host of the 
Syr'i-ans to hear a noise of chariots, 
and a noise of horses, eren the noise 
of a great host : and they Mid one to 
another, Lo, the king of Is'ra-el hath 
hired against us the kings of the 

we dull ontrdlCi" uUIM KrmTe wu Ibe md of meo, uvl 
uUKwereainaUfTOtiAann UbI the pKln ol ilBith uooei 
Ir puiloii, and a rMupttou Into beaTeolr 
id at bod, vboteUlUKnili. which we mar bm uitlcliiMe. CIt- 
H- deUb ; it makSB a gmat dllFerai:ice. bow- 
H- whelber wb aj, with St. Paul : " I kms 
(o dainrt and be with Chrin." Onlj when Chrlit has become our lUe I* death a calu.— I.an0e. 
gatw—HlB* MahB me* Waw-. Bee ILLCBTRiTlOiiS. 

8. Tiu^ roM up In Uie twillglit — The evening twilli;bt. Ver. IS Jamimen. An 

■wftil walk thete four wretches took in the ({Bthaiiag darkneaa. They left deatli bj hunger behind 
them, to drag leprous djMh with them, loward probable death by the aword In the Syrian ounp. 
The nttannost sart of the oami^— That ie, the extremity nearest the dty. — Janiman. " Cl- 
leniiwt " hai loit that eanse now, and might be tuken to aignlfy the " faitluat portion." — Luaibi/. 
VaUmw kaawlcdge cAcb diapcia aar feara. See ILLtJSTBjkTlOHSi 

0. ni« Xiod had made the boat ^ tba BTTtaoa to hear thanotaa tf dtaricta— Thia 
Ulnaion of tlie aenae DTheariog, wbervby the beaiegera Inugiaed the tramp of two anuicaf^m 0|^ 
p--aiti> quartan, was a great mimcle which Qod wrought directly for the doIlTeiance of bis people. 
Hath hind — Inalaiwca of merceoai7 Hrrioe are found eliwwhen) in the Blbla naitative. Thua 
(I Sam. 10. S) " the children of Ammun aent and faired tlie Syriann of Bcth-rehob, etc," snil 
Amadah, Kioft of Jodah, lilmi valiant men out of bmBl. 3 Chron. S5. S. Tha Unis of tha 
nttltaa — Id pro&ne literature this people, evidently very wide-extended and powerful, ars 
unmaidoiied, and it is only the modem deciphering of the records of Egypt and Babyloa 
which has inTen ns a ooneeptlon of the Hltlita power. Thence wa leim that lh>m very early 
times the; were in oonfliot with Egypt, and that one of thrir chief townn, Kadeeh on tlie river 
OroDlea, wv the scene of leveral oonteata >«tween the Hittltea and the Ejiyptiaaa. Their 
other diief city is found to have been CarchemLth on the EuphralM, so thst the description <^ 
their territory in Joeh. I. i is aeen to be literally correct, aud «s can nnderMand how the hiring 
ol radi a mighty enemy would be sure to aloim Ben-hailad. — Otmbridft Siblt. They ora 
found rqpatered among the Syrian enemies of the Egyptians in the monumenta of tha 
nineteenth dynaaty, and appear at that time to have inhabited the valley of the upper Orontes. 
Id tha early Assyrian nionomenta they appear sa the moat powerful people of northern Syria, and 
wer« eapaeiatly strong in chariots. —AncUnaon. The civiliiadon of Che Hittjtea snd their militsry 
strength were great. According to OladdtMi they fought at the siege of Troy. Profator Saf/er 
believes that tlie exoavatioo of the site of Carchemish will dlscloeea aeoond Ifioeveb to the mod' 
an worid. In the Imght of their powersll Asia Minor was under their sway. Their Icinga were 
}tobabl; the tnt ooinen of money. They were a lilersry people, ealablished pnbUa iibrsries, 
and pnaerved public reoorda. In some of ^e ancient pictures they wear " i^gtaila," aud their 
^peaimnca b amusingly rimllar to that of the modem Chinese. They eventually Ibtl before tha 
rising power of the Auyrian eminni.— /hiiJeaAiovA. This passage haa been often sttscked by 
Boeptica; and even reverential acholsra, before the most recent discoveries had been msde, 
mistakenly ooDcaded thst It was " unbiatorical," and that there were nokinipiof the Hlttltes tc thla 


3 KiNGB 7. 1-16. 

Skcoitd Quarter, 

U8 'tbe feion of the Hit'tites, nnd the 
kingnof theB-gjp'tiaus, tocomeupoui 
T Wherefore tney 'arose, and fled 
the twilight, sod left tlieir tenta, and 
their horeea, and their asses, even t' 
-camp as it leat, aod fled for their life. 

8 And when theae lepers come to the 
uttermost part of the camp, thejr treat 
into one teut, and did eat and drink, and 
carried thence silTer, and gold, and ) 
meet, and went and hid U; and en 
again, and entered into another tent, and 
-carried thence alto, and went and hid it. 

9 Then they SMd one to another, We 
'*do not well: this day ii a da; of " good 
tidings, and we hold our peace: if wr 
tarry till the moming light, 'some mia 
chief will come npon ns: now therefon 
-come, that we maj go and tell the king'i 

10 8o they came and called nnta the 
-porter of the city: and they told tk 
«aying, We came to the camp of the 
Byr'i-an*, and, behold, tiurt wat no man 
there, neitlier Toice of man, but horses 
tied, and asses tied, and the tenia a* 

10. n.^ — • h^ i». t,f^ii 1 u. I : Pim. 

Hit'titm, and the kings of the 
B-gyp'tians, to come upon ua. 

7 Wherefore tliey aroae and fled in the 
twilight, and lefl their tenta, and 
their horses, and their aasea, even the 
camp as it waa, and fled Tor their 

8 life. And when these lepera cnme 
to the outermost part of the camp, 
they went into one tent, and did eat 
and drink, and carried thence ailver, 
and gold, and raiment, and went and 
kid It; and they came back, and en- 
tered into another tent, and carried 
thence also, and went and hid it. 

9 Then they said one to another, We 
do not well; this day is a day of 
good tidings, and we hold our peace: 
if we tarry tit] the morning Hg^t, 
'punishment will OTert^e ns; now 
therefore come, let m go and tell 

10 ttra khtt'a houMhold. So they came 
and cwed unto the ' pc»ter of the 
dty: and they told tbem, saying. We 
came to the camp of the Byri-ana, 
and, behold, there was no man there, 
ndtber voice of man, but the horaes 
tied, and the assea tied, and the tents 

ttnra. But bare iasnilluatratlonoftliattaouithtoomDieDteduponuiidartlietliUi vena, that " foliar 
knoirledge oftan dIapcU oat fwn." That which leads to doubt of tha Soriptim carratiTe with 
fuller knowledge beoomn Uia atropgeat buttreaa and aapport of Ita aaouniij. The kinga of the 
XKTPtlana — I.uge diibicts of IgTpt, oalled bj Graaka iioiiHf, wets undar dladnet organlaalicai, 
thongh owalDft allegianw to tha Pharaoh. It la very probable that at Tarloos paiiod then wan 
two If not threa kingdoma in tbe land. Hsnoe the Aaajrlana apaak of the Umft that had been 
hired oat of £|t7pt. If tfais had been the caae then Bon-hadad and hia anny would have bean 
abut in both on ihe north and on tbe soDtb, We need uM wonder at the terror auoh a thought 
Inspired. But the plural "kings" may here be uoed vaguely, aa "prinoea" of Babyloa ii in 
A Chrdn. ti. 81, irben only Berodaoh-baladan is in queatiun. — Lvmiy. 

Bollly iHD are eadly alaraKJ. 8ii iLLCBTBiTiOics. It li only neaeaaarr IbU Id tba dartmaa 
a wind afaould blow, or tbu vater sbould aplasta [n free oouran, or tbat an ecbo ataould raaound 
trom the mounlalna, or tliaC Uu wind abould nntle the dry learsa, to terrlfT tbe midlea. ao ttiaE 
they flee as U panued by a awonl, and fall, tlioai'b do one purauea tbem. 

9. 'Wa do not wall — They were juatly aniions lest they miglit be punislicd if they abould 
longer eonoi-al the joyful intelligence trom tbe king and the dty. — Lanft. Tha klns'a htnuohold 
— The men thenuelvcs go no fUither than the gate, bnt the warden on tbe wail anuld carry tbe 
newa, as soon aa they received it, to the royal palaee. The lilng'a distrens at the nuffadnga of tha 
beaieged dtiiena would be known to every one. — Cambridg4 3iiU. 

10, 11. A gntpbio ploture is bare presented. Theae lepers describe the cattle aa the flrat 
ohfects they saw, for in Oriental encampmentu cattle are picketed all about the lanta. Tha beaaCa 
atood tethered in thwr places, the paaic4tricken aoldiars having not dared to take time to unlooee 
thetn. When the lepei* returned to the oity gate, tha porter, probably a aoldler on guard, aould 
not l^va bla poM ; ao he calls to other soldiers witliln, and they Cell the palaoe Beatrice. Tha 


2 EtKos 1. 1-ie. 

11 And he called the porters; and 
they told it to the king's bouse within. 

13 And tbe king aroM in the night, 
and said unto hie seiraDts, I will now 
thow yoa what tbe Bjr'i-aag have done 
to US. Tbey know that we be hungry; 
therefore are they gone out of tbe camp 
to hide themaelTea in tbe field, saying, 
When tbey come out of the rity, we shall 
caich them allre, and get into tbe city. 

IS And one of his serrants answered 
»nd sud. Let lome take, I pray thee, five 
of the hones that remain, wluch are letl 
'in the city, (behold, they are ss all tbe 
maltitade of Is'ra-el that are left in it: 
behold, / My, they an even as all the 
maititnde of the Is'ra-el-ites that are 
consumed and let us send and see. 

14 They took therefore two chariot 
horses; and the king sent after the host 
of tbe Byr'i-ans, sayuig, Oo and see. 

11 as they were. And * he called the 
porten; and they told it to the king's 

12 nouBehold within. And the king 
arose in the nlglit, and said unto his 
servants, I will now show you what 
the Syr'i-ang have done to us. They 
know that we be hungry; therefore 
are they gone out of the camp to hide 
themselves in the field, Bsying, When 
they come out of the city, we ahnll 
talcethem ative,and get into the city. 

18 And. oneot his serrants answered and 
said, Iiet some take, I pray thee, five 
of the horses that remain, which are 
left 'in the city, (behold, they are as 
all tbe multitude of Is'ia-el that are 
left in it; behold, they are as all the ' 
multitude of le'ra-el that are con- 
Bumed:) and lot us send and see. 

14 Tbey tooktherefoTetwochariots with 
hones; and the king sent after the 
h6st of the Syr'i-an«, sayiog, Oo and 

nan is 10 impoitant 
king. — LiaiUi)! 

■■■■y ■ one geto ebUMM M i 
KntUj BMblT InHi, sod to < 
boatds blmiHl about Uie ill. 
1 hj Ood' 

«t the dead of night the meassngerB hasten it to the bed-tlda of tha 

inlre property Jtoho n BaHy. to an]07 luiorr ■ 
imlt otbar ilni ; uiil If he li ncure tram human »ja tw don not 
ilBK ere of Ood ; bat bli crime li dlMMTend st liat In his own eoD- 
revealed and panlabed. Oonaolraae can. Indeed, ba b»- 

nnmbcd for a Uma : batlt will not reM lorerar ; It swakea at lait, sod iUdki all tbe mora tbe hxurer 
a bM been ttUL—IJante. 
Srilriwoa CHM in 10 •nrloak liw cmna at iilkan. Bn iLLtmrH&TiORS. 

m. THB 8AVID3 OTTY. Tonas 13-10. 

U. Ona can ea^y piotore thu pathetic acena : tha jaded king vonaed ftvm his alambeis ; 
the oauuaelare euddenly aumiDODed to the puluce ; the univenal appraheniiloii. I will 
now allow yov — Similmr ntntageniB hare been no ofkn resorted Co in the anaiant and modem 
wui of the Eaat that there ia no wonder Jalioniin'B auaplciona wars awskeaed. But the soouU 
wliom he diapatcbad mod found unmiatakabla nigua of tha panU that had itruck the anemy and 
led to thia miMt predpitate flight. — Jamieion, This kini had made a noble defaoHe ; he aaami to 
havaahBTBd io all the aiifferingii of tha besieged, and to havo beaaeverat blspoxt. — Clarke. 

■rlj ■]<>■][> BBdereitlnate the ilmlMlj of Ibetr lb«. Becular hlitorr 1* 
IB ol thlB principle, and tbe Cburcb bai orer and orer ajtain Buffered tempontr 

13. The attendanta of tha nuntmatfUl king give him Ter; aenaibie adviee. Xiva waa a 
general designation of a amall numlier. See laa. 30. IT; 1 Cor. 11. 19; Lev. SA. (i. Perhaps 
beoBUBe ten,wh]ah Eb twiea flva, was the ancient emblem of perfeotion and oomplatanene, Ave 
oameto denote the imparfeotaad tha inooniplele ; bo that tha phnue meaiii "a few," Horaaa — 
— Acoorditlg lo vena H (two chariotB) there may not have been five, but fnur. Two ohaHota, or 
eqnipagaa, bdngaent, in order, poeeibly, that If one were captured the other might quickly biing 
tbe newB.'-£Ur. But see note below. They are aa all tha mnltitode— " All of ua in thia 
eity are abont to pariah with tamine, and they who no forth lo apy tha camp of the enemy can 
fare no wonathan we." Thia reaaon waa Uke Ch^it of thelopcn \a vena t. — Terrg. 

14. Two oh^rtot horaea— Literally, tico ehariat of hortu ; that U, two span of hoia«a ; 
faoiaea enough to Bcoompany two chariotB — Ttrry. 


2 Kings 1. 1-16. LESSON" I. Sbcond Quabtkk. 

IG And the? went aft«r tliem unto 
Jor'dao: and, lo, all the w&j vat fall of 
garments and ■' veaaela, which the Syr'i- 
aoB had cast awa; in their baste. And the 
mesKDgeTs returned, and told the king. 

16 And the people went out, and 
spoiled the tents of the Syr'i-ane. So a 
measure of fine floar was told for a 
shekel, and two measures of barley for a 
shekel, "according to the word of the 

13 see. And they went after them unto 
Jor'dBn: and, lo, all the way was full 
of nmients and vessels, which thft 
Syri-ans had cast away in their haste. 
And the messengers returned, and 

10 told the king. And the people went 
ont, and spoiled the camp of the 
Syr'i-ans. So a measure of fine flour 
was told for a shekel, and two meas- 
ure* of barley for a shekel, acccwding 
to the word of the Lord. 

IS. Unto JoTdan — Wlien the heaven-sent nolae osoMd Uie Byrians to inuKine that tbv 
Hittites tnta the nonh end the Eftyptisns ttom \he loath were upon them, the only saTe ttad 
would b« to make for the Jordan, eutiraTd, sad, after aroeeing it, to oonoesl themielvet in the 
raounl^ns on the other side. — Camtridyt SOU, All tliB w«t wu ftiU of ■■nnania and. 
Tessela— A msulfbet proof c^ the hurry and preolpltancj irith which they fied. — Ciarlu. Th* 
mft f rni' riTi rMuniad— -After the Jordan had been reached thenoould be no moiedonbt; tJiera 
wes now no lear of an enemy in vnbosh. — LiarAf. 

Id. Elisha's prophecy b Ihlfllled. Bead carefdlly the rat of the chapter. 

Oar clHWtiaeMeats are proportioBSd to oar need. Ter. !• — Some yean ago I 

saw s workman in a gla» (nctoiy take a piece of gtusuid put it into lhre« fiimenm In ■iifrcniiifill 
1 asked him : " Why do you put It Into so many &ree I " He eaid, " The flnt wsr not hot 
enough, nor the eecond, and, thereTore, it had lo pais through a third, until the intenxe beat 
made it tmnaparenL" Uy heaneaid, " my God, use the kind and dsjrreeof dledplins iirniii— if 
until my eoul ie all like tbee." A. skillftd phynieian knows when to use a salve and when ■ ana- 
tic, when a lenitive and when a oonDsive. A* muters do with eoholua, eo does he with na — 
when one keson ie learned he tarns over a new leaf for ue.— Wkit^fidd. 

When we are thoroughly subdued, our trial is like the sides of Ht. Etna — terrible while 
the eniptJon laated ind the lava Sowed, but when that is p«st, and iJhe lava is turned into soil, it 
grows vineyardi and olive-trees up to the very lop. — Btteh^r. 

Bllad HNbellef Is sore to err. Ter. S.— To the minnow every crsnny and pebble of 
its native creek may have become fkiniliar, but does the minnow understand the tides and eni<- 
renta, tnulo-winda and monaoons by which the oonditionB of the Creek may be oveiset and re- 
VCFMd ) U ia 10 with man confronted with God's hi^eK activitiee 1— CbH^. 

A Nnrth American Indian returned to hii tribe to recount the wonden he had seen at Wash- 
ington. Tliey were liatened to with doubt until he declared he had seen white people attach a 
greet ball to a txnoe and ao riae into the douda and travel the hot vena. Thii was pronounced sn 
impoeailHlity, and a young warrior in u paraiyim of anger ahot him dead on the spot, as too great 
a liar lo be permitted to live. If what takea place in a different atate of eooiety appears so 
absurd, what wonder the myaleriee of Ood'a work should be accounted fboUshnaea I 

Kot only hsve photogrs^ha of the heavenly bodies been obt^ned and an abaolutsly aecnrate 
{rictureoftheakicBBecored, but the camera has revealed stars invisible even with the aid eftheumt 
powerful taleacopc. By continued exposure it obtains an image of an olgeot so foJnt tliat a 
shorter exposore would give no image. Thla is s power the eye does not poaseaa. Aa astrono- 
mers believe in the revelationa of the camera, though they are not oonllrmed by actual observa- 
tjcn, so there are apiritual realities dimming our belief though they are beyond our oompre- 

Opp«at(l«a lo God'e pnrpoae oaly iajares OBiaelTes. Ver. 3.— You have heard 
of the aword-llsh. It ia a curiouii creature, with a bony beak, or aword, in front of its head. It is 
SO fierce that it not only attacks other flshea, but I uw one dart at a ship in taW sail so violently 



April 5, 1891. L£SSOX I. 2 KiMOB 7. 1-16. 

a* to pieroa the Mlid timben. TIls ibip uilad oa ■■ bolbre, while the fiah felt a viaOm to ita 

In thedafsofhuprapeiit; Julian pointed hi* digger to heaven, defying the Bod of God. 
But vhen be was wounded in baUle he ji^athaind op hia clotted blood and threw it In the air, ex- 
claiming: *' Thou biN conquered, O Galilean ! " 

8eir-«irart U ■ step toward Balration. Ter* 3.— A young man otood lixtlemlr 
watching amne anglen on a bridge, Approaohing a basket flUed with llah, he uid : " If I only 
had theae I could Mil them, buf Ibod, end b« happy." "I will give foa aa man;," 
BtOd the owner, " If you will do me a trifling fhvor." " What ia that !" aikad the other. "OdIj 
tmd thia Una while I go on a short errand." The proposal was accepted. The flah bit so gt«edily 
that whan the owoer had returned the young man had caught an immense number. Counting 
out aa many aa were in the baaket, and prsaenting them to the young man, the fliiberman aaid : 
** 1 follOl mj prommi out of the fish yon have caught to teach you to waste no time in fboliah 
wkUog, but cast a line for yonnelf." 

" It ia justa year this day," aays Hn. Jiidtim, "since I obtained a hope In Christ. I was 
tettecting im the words, * If we enter Into the elty, then famine la in the city, and we ahall die 
tbeni ; and if we ait atill here we die alao,' and felt that if I returned to the world I should surely 
pdiah ; if I stayed where 1 then was, I should perish ; and that I ought at once to fly to Christ. 
Then cama Ught, nOat, comfort, such as I never knew before. 

A. man knelt for prayer in one of our nteetinga, at the same time saying: "I have no feeling, 
but act purely on my judgment. 1 know I ought to be a Christian." In a day or two he aaw 
dearly the justice of Uod in hia oondemnation. He came to my room in the night in the greatest 
dstnaa, crying almoatin despair: " Whatshail I do) O 1 am such a sinner ! " Thawaytoget 
feeling is to act. — Sarii, 

EztremitiBa ^ake atem brsTe. Ver. 4. Lord Bcaconsfleld was ones driving to the 
BoDsa of Commoos with hia wife. Immersed in thou(^ he alighted fVom his brougham and 
olosed tlie door on one of his wtre'a Angers. Though in great pain, she uttered no cry until he 
was out of lar-ahot. Then, sa the footman releaaed the Imprisoned Dnger, she feinted. Speaking 
of the niishap to ber hnaband, ehe naid : "1 would not have cried out for the world. Yon 
would hare been so a^tated that the most important parts of your speech might have been 

Fnllcr knowle^e often dUpela oar leara. Ver. 5. 1 have seen a little ebild, who 
had cut her flnger, entteat that it might be tied up without ever being looked at. But when it 
was looked at and wished, she saw how little a thing it waa for all the blood that came fh>m it, 
and about nine tentl» of her fear fled away. — Soj/d. 

Being onoe aurroundad by a dense mist on the Styhsad Pass in the Engliiih lake diatiiat, we 
fUt ODiaelvei transported into a world of mystery, wtiere every thing wsa swollen to avastsiae and 
terrible appearance. A moantain tarn as large as a fitrmer's horse-pond expanded into a great 
lake whoaa distant ahores were leaguea beyond the reach of oar poor optioe. Aa we desoanded, 
the Tooka one ude looked like the batUementa of heaven, and the deacent on the other like the 
dRadhl lipB of a yawning abyss ; yet in the morning light there was nothing dangerous in the 
pathway cw terrible in the rocks. Oor Ignoranoe makea ua magoify foes and diUloulties. — 

Galltr Mem are easily alBrme4> Ter. 6. An ancient king was asked by his brother 
why ha waa so peniive. "Because," said he, "I hsve Judged others arid now 1 must be Judged 
myself!" "And why," mid the brother, "be troubled about this) It is a longtime distant, and 
ia hot a light matter." It wsa the cuatom then in cases of treaaou to sound a trumpet at the of- 
ftndcr'adoar in the night-time, and he was next day executed. The king, therefore, had thia done 
al his brother's door, who Immediately csme quaking to the palace to plead for life. " Why," 
■aid the king, " are yon so troubled, eeelng you shall be Judged by your brother for a matter your 
cooadenoe tetla you you sre clear from ) How much more may I tremble with God for my judge 

When tlie Spanish Armada was hovering on the English eoaat, a company of strolling players 
wen pei1i>nning a pieoa called " Samson," In a lioolh at Penrjn. The enemy, having silently 
Isnded a body of men, were making their way to earptise the town, when, fortuiutely, at that 
Instant the ptayera let Bamion looee on the Philistines. The sound of drums, trumpets, shouts, 


2 Kings 7. 1-16. LESSOX L Sbcond Quabtbr. 

and the mock filing of ordnuica onuUd luch ft tremendaiu babbab that tin Spaniuds bneicd 
the whole town waa pouring down upon them, and ininiediMelr •campered off to their ihipa. 
BelAihaeu caniea na to ororloak Ike woes of olhera. Tn.S. Itia R<x>rd«d 

of an aldannan of London tliat, on being intpoitunad fat atnu by a starving woman in the itreet, 
he eidtdmed : " Go airay , my good voman ; jtm doo't know how jou diatreaa me. Pd give tea 
pounds to have jour appetite." 


1. TsIltliB atoTj, or — alwaja a better plan — bring out Che atoty by queadona from the clan. 
Begin with the pioture of ■ olCy in diiDeaa, b.i ahown In the previoiu chapter; doecribe the 
wretchedneM of the people ; atate the promiae of Elleha ; bow Ic wu ftillflled, etc 

E. In auoh an interaetiug and remarkable rUirj there will be danger of neglectiiig tlie rpir* 
Itnal and practical lesaooa. Tharalbra, while relating the events, keep before the olaaa tlia dlvin* 
■Ida of tha hiatorj. larael was tlie people of God, upon whom the world'* aalration depended. 
God directed affvin In the intarest of hia oauae. gbow in this Morjr ; ].) A dimiu dalivaraiioe. 
2.) A tuddtn, vntipatttd deliveraooe. S.) A deliveranoe fantta hg tint proph^, who lived in 
fellowship wiUi God. 1.) A deliveranea through Mneanieltnu i/ulrunttataiilitt. B.) A <viiipM« 

S. Wemay flndln thialeaaanfiniTtTpeaof oharaotar. 1.) 7ft< nun o/' (?oJ, calm in danger, 
confident, bold, tnietfnl, iMcauw in oommunlon with Ood. fi.) Tlu laiMnnr. Ver. S. An 
"agnoaUu,'' ignorant irf' God, believing only In wlut he could aee, and dcapiniiig apiritual 
realitiea. S.) TAj mm^Mj uop^ represented by the fbnr lepera, diaeaaed with lin, doomed to 
death, yet reveling in pleaaurea. How ghastly tlie tttat of those lepers in the deiierted camp ! 
How like all the ptaaaurea of this world 1 t.) Tht fitiU mind {King Jehoram), vnering between 
doubt and trust, and eaiillj losing confidence in God. Which of ttieas fbnr cImiss would yon 

1. TO BFBOIAIj BUBJIKTFS— >' Samaria Dewsribed," Giiui, Sown vOi tht Biblt, \t, 

40,41. " Traffic in the City Gala," 7U>Vf Kot a*iuraUy Etutum, \i». " 81^ of Samaria," 
Shith, Old TaUmitHi HitloiT/, ESS, Stfi ; BTAin.iT, JtwUh CKwvk, ii, 8S1. " Various Sieges of 
Bsmsrii," Gaiaia, Tkt Holy Land and tht JSiU, ii, SS7. "Famine Frioos in Samaria," Giiue, ffourr 
with Ii4 jahU, iv, ls». " Miraculous Deliverenoe of Samaria f^m the Syrians," Gauux, iv, tl. 
'■ Famine in Elijah's Time," Tboiisoh, Land aatd th» Boot, ii, £26. " Chariota of the Ctnaan- 
itee," GiiKiE, Th* Holt Land and Om Book, \,tS. " The Empire of the Hittitca," A. H. SaTca. 
Frah UfUt/rom Uu Aneient MonumenU, 93. " N'ew Light on (he Old Hittites," ToaruxsL 
Studin on li4 Timt* af Ahrahan, SS, 9S. FKADEmDBSH, Old Hmm. " Samaria and its 
Sieges," Sta»let, SUm and I^UttUnt, S40, 211. " Stratajrems of War," Biblical TVwnwv, vii, 
£9. "Bajnaria," J. P. Newkan, Dan to Bierihtba, 337-883. " Watchmen, Fortern," FsBtitAS, 
Hand-iooi of Biilt Mannert and Ctaloim, SS3. " Harket at the Gste," TnttMAH, SBB. " Eti- 
quette in the House of Kimmon," Frievan, SST. 

S. TO SUBKOHB AITD ADJ>BSSBSSS—Bati<malim, by Da. Taliuob. Thi UnMitf 
of 1A< SoDKiPttan Xord, C. Bxadlit. Saturt and SeatonabUmu of Sfbfnittion to Ood, Db. 
Utdi, in National Prtachtr. Sin of Vnbtlitf, Brmioioir, Tht I\unint of Hamana Stlinod, 
BisBOF Hall. MiJaK tht Prophtt, Edersbeih, Fabieb, viii, 18S. 


April 12, 1891. 

LESSON II.— April 12. 

THE GOOD AND EVIL IN JEHU.— a Kraos 10. 18-81. 


FIiAOB. — BanurlA, tha capital of lanel. 

PKBBONB. 1. Jehn, the tenth king of tbe wpuile kingdom of Iiinel; a soldier in Alub's 
•rmj; "capuin of the hoM" under Jehoram; anointed to be king-b]' a messenger from Eiislio, 
while bnlegim Bamoth-gilesd ; dntroyed Che rajal &mllr and ttao wonhip of Baal ; was half- 
faeaited in bis service of Jehovsh and unsoooeiisftil la hie wars with the Syrians. Died 8S6 B. C. 
S. JeIioii»d»b, tbe son of Baolub, a representative member of the pecnlinr tribe of BechabitCK, 
vboae id«l of life was a orosa betveen inonaaticism and the lift of Bedouina. 8. ni* womliip- 

18 And Je'hu gathered &11 the people 
together, aad mml unto them, '^'hab 
•erred Ba'al a Uttle ; but Jalin shall lerre 
him much, 

19 Now therefore call unto me all the 
prophets of Ba'al, ' all his servants, and 

IB Aod Je'hu gathered all the people to- 
gether, and said unto them, A'hab- 
Berred Ba'al a tittle; but Je'hu shall 

19 serve him much. Now therefore, call. 
unto me all the prophets of Ba'al, all 

hewonld serve Baal far more than Ahab had done, because hia entire enterprise was reKardeU as a . 
military revolution, like chat of Baasha and Zimri, !□ which the thing at stake was the supreme 
power and thelhrone, not at ail a nligiooa nfonn and the restoration of the service of Jehovah. 
— £air. Idolatry was the worm at the root of the Israelitish itationality : it was liigh tresson to 
the lanelitiah Btate. Under the oew covenant it is not permitted to make use of Are and aword 
■gainst heiea; and snpentition. So other weapon may here be used tiian Chat of tha Binrit, that 
is, the word of Qod. — Langi. 

Wmac !■ navBr fI(Iii. A. work wUch la In llaetf para and boly loses Its value wben It ta sccom- 
pUsbed bv lataebood and dladmulaUon. One csJukoC battle lor the truth witb Uie weajMins of 
talsAcxid. Bom. B. 8.— Xonffs. I can oommeiMl tlie ae^ of Jeba ; I cannot commend Uie Iraail 
•rf JBbo. we maj oome to our' end. even by crooked ways. He that bade him to smile for Mm 
did not bM lilm to lie tor bUn. ralaebood, tbousb It be bnt teotattve, la neither needed nor ap- 
proved by Hw God ol truth. If policy baa allowed offlektus ontruUa, rellKlon never.— Bfehnp JfoH. 
Mea are often sBverely vlnuoiu In apaU. A lalse heart may laudably quit Itself uf eome ana 
Srosi sin and In the maanUine hwt some Inaer evfl tbal may condemn It ; aa a man recovered 
<tf a fever may die of Jaundice or a dropay.—Bliftup HoU. 

Che experience and 

to drcumvent the bypocrltOB and Idolaters, and m 

.kea the wraih ofmaa to ppalwt Um, 

■BiM easily break me conaiiaaadaieBt, aal Oof Ibere. Appeal ti 

'aUonof yonr seholaratoriUustntlonsof thlitrutb. 

'Pfcaslnae net always rfocere. See ILLUSraiTIOHB. 


2 KiNGB 10. 18-31. 

Secoxd Quabtsk. 

Lia prieata; let none be TCnoting: for I 
liave ft great aacriSce to do to Ba'al; 
whosoeTer shall be wantinfr, lie shall not 
live. But Je'hn did it in subtilty, to 
the intent that he might destroj the 
"norehipen of Ba'al. 

30 And Je'liu said, 'Proclaim a solemn 
HKsemblj for Ba'al. And they proclaimed 

21 And Je'hu sent through allls'ra-el ; 
and all the worshipers of Ba'al came, so 
that there was not a man left that came 
not. And they came into the ' bouse of 
Ba'al i and the house of Ba'al waa ^full 
from one end to another. 

22 And he said unto him that teat over 
the vestry. Bring forth restmenta for all 
theworahipersof Ba'al. Andhe brought 
them forth vestments. 

his worshipers, and all his priests ; let 
none be wanting: for I have a great 
sacrifice to do to Ba'al; whosoever 
shall be wanting, he slinll not live. 
But Je'lm did ft in subtilty. to the 
intent that he might destroy the wor- 

20 sbipers of Ba'al. And Je'hu said. 
Sanctify a solemn assembly for Ba'al. 

21 And thej proclaimed it. And Je'hu 
sent through all Is'ra-el: and all the 
worshipers of Ba'al came, so that tliene 
was not a man left that came not. 
And they came into the house of Ba'al ; 
and the house of Ba'al waa filled from 

33 one end to another. And he said 
unto him that was over the veatrj. 
Bring forth vestments for all the wor- 
shipere of Ba'al. And he bronght 

throna. — Ttrry. They mi^cht bo esuilyoon veiled into one (psoions temple, for thsir nutnborhail been 
.greaUj diminished both by the inQueatialminiatrationiof ElijshandEliAhi, and also fVom tho lata 
EingJi>rani'snGgIeotanddIi>ooatiniianceafthewonih[p, — Jamitton. Itwasdone, however, not fii>m 
religious, bat purely polilioal, motives, beoaose he believed that the intereati of the """'■" wen 
ISseparably bound up with the dynasty of Ahab, and t>eoaus« he hopod that by their eitermina' 
tion he would aocurs the attachment of a br larger and more influential party who voishipcd Ood 
in Israel. — BtlU Cotnouniaiy. Jehu did it in anbtiltj' — His craft and guile on this occasion 
were in ftarftilnen equal to the duplicity and basenesa which prepared the way fbr tlie maasacre 
«f SL Bsrtholomaw. His divine oonimisslon, doubtleas, autboriied him lo eut off the voT' 
■hipera of Baal, but not by gulls. Ood praised his zeal in rooting out idolatry, bat not bis 
sabtilCy. — Ttrry, We may judge froAi the ready aocepCanoe of the annoaacement in this vstb* 
that Jahu had Imen no diOarsnt from the reat, and had gone In tbs wsy where Ahab aud 
Jezebel ]«d.—CamAridf4 BihU. 

onwo reiaMes 

It Bead 4e»li. See ILLDaTKatiom. 
21. Thehousoof Baal— "House "Is the constant word for " temple " in the Old TeaUioent, 
and no doubt Ibin building was as magnificent as the architeotural skill of Tyrian workmen and 
the m! of the iioow of Ahab, with whom arohitecture seema to bava been a pauioa, oould 
make It. Hence it would be large enoagh to oont^n in Its spacious sourta an immstue number of 
worahipera. For "house" used of Solomon's temple see 1 Kings 8. li, 18-IS, and oonaUntJy in 
the liiftory of David and Solomon. — Cambridge BibU. A laiga and probably a rambling atJueturs 
built by Ahab {1 Kings 16. 82), In which lodged *60 priesta of Baal and WO of Aalarta. Trrd 
one end to anotliar — From one entrance to the OtJier. — Cambridgi BibU. The reference ia Co 
the outer court, in which the altar of sacrifloe stood, (or the house, itriclly speaking, that la, the 
sanctuary or shrina in which Iho statue of Baal waa, waa doubtliiMB, as in all temple atructuite, 
vei; small. — Laage. 

The leal orUolaler* aomellmea rahnkEa the araUiT orchfladau. Bee IU.I;STRATTO^^. 

Broa4 la Uie way Itaal leada lo aealh, bbiI maaT lliBre kg that flnJ It, Even lo-dar Uw bouse* lo 
Which woralilpli rendered to the" eods ot this world "—the lust of the aeah, the lust at the erea. 
and the pride ot lite— are full trom ooe end lo another, wbUe Um churchea have many vaaut geala. 

82. He said onto him that vraa orer the vestiy — The vestry moat have belonged to tlia 
house of Baal; we cannot auppose that the king's wardrobe-keeper had a stock of roiras to aupply 
such amultitude of wonhipon. Probably because of the oontral which had been exsrctsed there 


April 12, 1891. LESSC 

S3 And Je'hu went, and Je-hon's-dab 
the son of Re'cbi^, into the bouse of 
Ba'at, and said unto tbc worshipers of 
Ba'al, Search, and look that there \iii 
here with you none of the servants of the 
IjOBD, but the worshipers of Ba'al only. 

34 And n-ben thej went in to offer sac- 
ri6ces and bumt'oSerings, Je'hn ap- 
pointed fourscore men witliout, and said, 
^an; of the men whom 1 have bronght 
into your hands escape, he t/uit letuth him 
go, ' bis life AaU be for the lite of him. 

23 And it cnme to paas, as toon as he 
had made an end of offering the burnt- 
ofEering, that Je'hu said to the guard 
and to the captains, Oo in and slay them ; 
let none coine forth. And tbey smote 
tbem with the 'edge of the sword; and 
the guard and the captains cast them out, ' 
and went to the city of tlie bouse of' 

IHI And they brought forth the 'images 

iN n. 2 KiMoa 10. 18-31, 

33 them forth vestments. And Je'hn 
went, and Je-hon'a-dab the son of 
Re'chah, into the house of Ba'al ; and 
he said unto the worsliipers of Ba'al, 
Search, and look that tnere be here 
with you none of tlie servants of the 
LoBD, but the worshipers of Ba'al 

24 only. And they went in to offer sac- 
rifices and bumt-offerings. Now 
Je'hu had appointed him fburscors 
men without, and said, If any of the 
men whom I bring into your bands 
escnpe, he that latteth kim go, his Ufa 

25 sball be for the life of him.' And it 
came to puss, as soon as he hod mods 
an end of offering the burnt offering, 
tliat Je'hu said to tlie ' f^uard and to 
the captains, Qo in, and slay them; 
let none come fortli. And they smote 
them with the edge of the sword ; and 
the guard and the captHins cast them 
out, and went to the city of tlie house 

3d of Ba'al. And tbey brought forth the 

by the Loom of Aliab Joliu uauld giva ordais in Baal's tampls and have them obeyed. It ap~ 
pear* from the luirrative tbmt vantmonu were lued not only b; tlis pnesta, but b; all the war«hlp- 
«ni ui welL Perhapa then ww KOme diBtinctioD betTeen (be character and moterul of the robo. 
— CamMdt* BMt. OHnneota o( bysaia wars the peculiar drera of prieita in all andent countriea. 
According to Jenpkai, it wu espocially important for Jehu that all Qtt prittlt eX B»a\ iliould be 
then. They all recdved pneatly KVinentB, and became thereby all the niore easily reoogniiable 
by tlie eitflity men who were aommandod to slay them before all othen. — Langt. 

S3. SMwob — He thus gave himnelf the appearance of a strict adherent ot Baal ; but bis ob- 
J«Ct wanto lake cue that no sarvaat of Jehov&h should be killed. — Langi, 
0«W wcBareaabriMiiiribeHFlriy aribBWicliel. See ILUTBniATiONS. 

U. Jeh-n aaidto thepiaid— The "iruvd" is that body of "ruDaera" Which nppcan In 
the fiatory as soon as * king ww appointed, and which played a part Id all ntate pande. Thus 
both Adonijab and Abanlom providiNi tlicm with " fifty men to run before tlieni " when thay U' 
pirsd to the throne. ISam. IG. 1; 1 Kioga 1. 5. They are Rnt spokoti of in 1 Sam. £1. IT, where 
the toxt of Authoriied Venion gives " footmen; " Bevised Version "guard," with " rUDiiare" 
hi the tmirgin. Such men must neceaaarily be of great physicsl itrength. and no wall auited 
1o do Jehu's work on this otKaiion.—Cambndgi BMt. Thin treacherous niOBOacre, and the 
nKaas taken to oocompliah it, are paralleled by the slaughter of the Janissaries and other ter- 
rible tragedies in iha modem biBtary of the £ast.— Tlrry. And want to theoltToflliB houM 
of Bakl — The word rendered "city" ia applied to smaller Inclosares than we usually undontand 
by it now, and seems here to indicate some principal part of the temple ediHoe. In illuatradan of 
the UM of this word for some small place, nee Num. IS. 1), "What eUiothey be Chat they dwell' 
in, whether In tents, or instrongUolilB." So, too, the desolate daughter of Zion is compared (Isa. 
1. S) to " a cottage in ■ lineyard, a lo>lge In a garden of cucmiibcn," and then, in parallelism 
with these Bgutee, to "a baiieged n(y." Id auoh poaugsa also as iiva. i. ITnCycan only^gnl* 
fy Home solid, lubntantial dwelling'-plBCfl in diKtinotioH to the tents of the nomad population. — 
Cantbridgt Bible. 

M. Btoucht , . . the ima«ea— These are supposed to have been wooden statues or pillar^ ; 
«oiuecratsd to BaaloraomeoflUaBiaoaiate deities.— TVrrv. It Is to be noticed, however, thi4 ; 

11 191 ',.■ 


SKmoB 10. 1&-S1. 

Secoitd Quabtek- 

ont of the house of Ba'al, and burned 

27 And they bmke down the image of 
. Ba'&l, and brake down the house of Ba'al, 
and 'made it a draugbt-houw unto this 

58 Thus Je'hu destroyed Ba'al out of 

59 Howbeit/iwBtheeinBof Jer'o-bo'am 
the eon of N6'bat, who mode Is'ra-el to 
ein, Je'hu departed not from after them, 
to teit, the 'golden calyes that wtre in 
Beth'-el, and that imre in Dan. 

80 And the Lord said unto Je'hu, Be- 
cause thou hast done well in executing 
that loAieA it right in mine eyes, and haat 
done unto the nouse of Aliab according 


1 the houH of 

27 Ba'al, and burned them. And they 
brake down the pillar of Ba'al, kad 
brake down the nou»e of Ba'al, and 
made it h draught-honse, unto this 

28 day. Thna Je'hu destroyed Ba'sl oat 

90 of Is'm-el. Howbeit from the sins 
of Jer'o-bo'ain the son of NelMt, 
'wherewith he made Is'ra-el to ma^ 
Je'hu departed not from after them, 
to uU, the golden calves that were in 

80 Beth'-el, and that were in Dan. And 
the LoBD said unto Je'lin, Becanse 
thou liast * done well in execnting 
that which is right in mine eyes, arS 

th« inugeB were bunud (ver. £8), so that IheymUBt h&ve bsen of wood, while tlie aliiaf liiuig« wt» 
" broken in pieces," u the doni temple-buiMing waa. — Sair. 

37- ^n>e Imase of Baal— Thii wu probabl; ■ vast molten BUtue of Che god, emoted oMud* 
of the tnupln, p«rhi|« at the portaL A diaii(ht-hoiiM — A pUee of relUae uid flltii. — Tirry. 
Probibly no bnildiogH were rasred to Baal except in the dUw wliete the royid funily dwelt. 
Hence, when tbay wen oat off it vooid have no foeUran.— Ciimiridpi .Sffib. 

Vor tiM Hike ef Hm weak we ilMmli rewore MvaMImg^UaAa. Bee IixusnATIONS. 

28. The Tooting-OQt of the bouse of Abab and the attendant overthrow of idolstry, the 
latter of whleh not evan Elijah h*d suooeedsd in sooomplUhiag, wero acoamplished bj Jeho. It 
Wu in truth an actof kindnew toward Isnel, which otherwiae would, at thin CJine, ha*s gone to 
ruin. In H Air Jehu had aocompliilied a grast dead, which ia hen recognind and acknowl- 
edged. The mannsr in which lie carried it out, in detail, ia not, however, approved ; eapecially Is 
it recorded as uDsatiefactory that he peraiated in the worehip of Jeroboatn'B calTea. Bnoh a t«TO- 
lation as Chia was oeitaiDly never acoompliahed without gnat internal commoCloD. Jeha fovnd 
it noeessMj to consolidate hia authority at home, and could not give his attention to the fortign 
war, Hsmel in the meantime was a very warlike and snet}(etic king, and pnsbed his donqoesta 
with TigoT while his enemy wss weak. This district was Tsoovered when Israel once more wm 
nnited snd contented nnders vigorous ruler (Jerubosm II.). Jehu did, indeed, destroy Idoktry, 
but he did not touch the chief sin of Israel, becsuse he oonudered it the chief support of his own 
BDlliorily, So msny s one renounces gross exiemsl sins, but will not think of denying himself, 
of saorifldeg his own interests, and of taming hi* heart to the living Qod. He who would aCand. 
half-way goea backward in spite of himself. Jehu would not desist from the dns of Jerobcam, 
because he thought it would cost him liis crown, but on that very account he loat one province 
after another. — Lanfi, m 

n. WHAT JEHU FAHiED TO I>0. T*nM 3S-31. 
20. Jehu, as Eitle veiy justly lemarked, " was one of those ded^ve, terrible, ambitious, yw 
prudent, calculating, and psasionleas men, whom God bma time to tJme raises up to change the 
bte of empires snd to execute hia judgments on the earth. He bossted of bis zeal — 'Come and 
see my seal for the Lord ' — butU the bottom It was zeal fbr Jehu. Hia zeal was great so long ss 
it led to sets which sqaarsd irith his own interest*, but it cooled marveloualy when required ti> 
take a direction, in his judgment, less tavorable to thsm." — Ttrrg. Golden oalTe* that irere — 
From 1 Kings IS. 28, 29 we sea that only ont image was in each plsee. 

; Seal BgataM evil ta BO laarBBleeorpanoBal ilghteeasaeM. Bee Iucstbatiohs. We Should 
; ; closely examine ourselves tor lingering " mote ol evlL" 


April 12, 1691. LESSC 

to all that tnu in mine heart, 'ttaj chil- 
dren of the fourth geaeroHon shall sit on 
the throne of la'ra-cL 

31 Bnt Je'hu >took no 'lieed to walk 
in the law of the Lobd God of Is'ra-el 
with all hu heart : for he dejwrted not 
from 'the mns of Jer'o-bo'am, which 
made Is'ra-el to sin. 

2 Kings 10. 18-31. 

host done unto the house of Aliab 
according to alt that was in mine 
heart, thjt bohb of the fourth genera- 
tioD shall sit on the throne of &ra-el. 
81 But Jeliu took no heed to walk in 
the law of the Lobs, the God of Is*- 
ra-el, with all his heart: he departed 
.not from the sins of Jer'o-bo'am, 
wherewitb he made la'ra-el to sin. 

30. Tbr ohildien (B. V., tata.) at the fourth Ksneration— for the flilflllmBnt we 
chapter 16. IS. The ■on of Jehu wu Jehoahu:, who ma Booiieeded by hii ton Joub, and he 
hj Jeioboein C, with whoee Mm, Zedurlih, Che fborth iiemrstioii uid Che ■overaignqr of Jeha'a 
Gimilf temuiutail. — CamMd^t SOiit. Jehu'i loii, Jehoahu, r^gned uventeen jeue ; Jehoub, 
rinaMi ; Jnoboun, foi^-one. and Zaohiriah, six months. Zaohuiah, of the fbnith genentjoo, 
waa alain by Bhallnm, and thua wu thii word of che Laid fulfilled (oomp. chap. IS. IS) ; and 
thoa, too, MOOTding to the prapheoy of Hoeea {1. 4), did Che Lord " avenge Che blood of Jezieel 
npoD the houae of Jehu." For when the minister of divine judgment MmMlf turned to idolMiT 
tlw Tuy blood of hie Rtdltj vietlma might well call for vengeanoe on him for doing the suoe 
thing* Air which lie liad eieonted divine Judgment on them. Bom. 3. 1 . — Ttny. Vben Da^d 
atrivea to do tiod'e will partectty, with a true heart, the prondae ia that**' he shall not be withont a 
lamp before God forever." The partial obedienoe of Jelm obtalna the^ft of a snoaeaaion tot taai 
generation*. — Oatnbndg4 BUU. This waa all the oompenaaCion Jebu bad in either world for his 
mbI for the Lord.— Clartd. 

31. The Bat at tlie comineoocment of verse SI Is qnlte oorrect. Although God com- 
mended Jehu, and promised to reward liim, yl Jahn did not walk perfectly with Ood. The 
origin of the ealf-wonhip was politieaJ, and Jeha unqneationably kept it for political reaaona. — 
Lamgt. Jehn took no heed-~Ba never made it his itndy ; indeed, he never intended to walk 
in this way ; it neither aniled bla dispcaiUon nor liis politica.— CIotIl With all hla hoart— 
Be (mly went partially on the right way, and probably peiaonal ambition liad muob lo do with 
hi* seal igunat Baal, With the calves it wa* aaotber matter. They tbrmed, aa It were, tlie 
emblema of Israel'a Independence, and m the king's feeling would be eoUated on thdr side.— 
CaBtbridft BibU. 

The awThl reifoarfMllly of leaden la MdelT. 

~ iMlThlB4«rwi>nhl|in«ciilM4fcyGa4.geeLeaB(«iy.,'nilrd0iMn«r. 

•e iMteP ara hi* luiiire*. Bee iLLvnunoim. 


PrafisaaloBB are Bot always alBoere. Ver. IH.— On the lake of Geneva there atanda 
a canic where prixoiien mod to t>e oonflned, and in it there waa a dark dungeon with adreadftal 
Miiircaae. SonMtiines the keeper told a prtaoner ttiat he wm now to otilain his liberty, and 
Teqneatad him to fbllow him. Having reached the staircaae, he was told to fp> down in the 
darbncaa that he might reach the castle gate, and so be fine. Alas t it was a broken Midr. A 
ftw^ itepa down the dmo found no fboUng, but tall sixty tee\ to be dashed to pieces on the 

What mnltitndea of maliogany-handled drawers are to be met in daily lif^ labeled in black 
Ml a gold groDml, with swelling and mysteiioos name* of predoua healing druga, but, alas] they 
ate handlea which do not pull out, or dtavrars that are full of notlilng. — 3pvrgii(M, 

The service ofGod demaada alnceillri and does sot seed deceit* Ter. 1S< — 

In Che palmy da^h of Rontan pn»pcrity, when her merchants lived in marble palacee, tfaere waa 
emulation in the adornment of thei£. dwellings. Oood sculpton were greatly in demand. 
Bnt tricks were practiced then aa now. If the sculptor came upon a flaw in the marble he akilk'. 
ftilly filled the cbtnk with a earefhllv prepared wax. In process of time, however, heat would • - 

IM '.-■; 


2KiMos 10. 18-31. LESSON II. Sbcoxd Qctastbk. 

raveal iU prsMDce. Hence, In new contracts for soulpturea, h qUou was added that thtj warn to 
b« tint ari, "alncera" (without oeincuC). — Taieyiitaii. 

Two bricklayen ware building a wall. One of them, in placing a brick, naw it waa thlek^ 
on one «de than the other. Uia oompanion adviaed hini to throw it aoidc. " ttj iiuAthar," he 
added, " taught me that ever ao little an untruth i» a llii, and whether in work or ahanoter will 
always work harm aooner or later." The otiier ridiculed this man's exactneee, and aald ; " I'll 
riak it." The wall roae, and got mora aslant from the untrue brick, till one night it toppled over. 

Borne mao pioreea cream and live skim milk. — BettKtr. 

TbeiealofldolatensoBetlBeanbBkei th««vatfaTofChrtstiaiit. Ter. 31.— 
Bonn hnTeatme zeal of a false religion and othenhaveafklae zeal of a true relLgioti. Paul, before 
his convenioQ, waa an mstanoe of the fomior ; llic lukewarm Laodiceans, of the latter.— -IF. A. D. 

In the hottat, aa well aa in the coldest, ciimatan men love heaL On the introdaction of 
ChrUtianit}' into loelaiid the inhalutants would be baptized onlj In the hot eprings of Heda ', and 
in the torrid zone the nilJVGa flock from all parts to the thermal watera. Beligion is a diah to ba 
served hot ; whan it beoniMB lukewarm it is aickenine. 

Good men are safer otit of the socletr of the wicked. Ver. 33.— When a nun b 

known to suffer from a aadlj oonlagioiia disease none of hia ftionda will come new the bouae. 
Why are not men a* much a(Md of tiia contagion of vice! Sn i« aa infectioua, and far »(«« 
deadly, than sniall-pox or fevar.^ — Spurgian. 

On the moon of Yorluhira. England, is a stream of water called the Ocher Spring. At its 
aouroe it is quite clear, but euddenly bocotnen s dark, Tiiuddy yellow. The reason is it haipaMod 
through a bed of ocher, after which it flows for milee useless and unpleasant. Sinful oompuilons 
are like beds of ocher — totuuetioi aith (A«n U pollution. 

Judge Buller oautloned a young nmn of sixteen against btung led aatray by the influenoe of 
others, and snid : " If I had followed some who called thotiaelves my friends wh«n I was young, 
Inataad of being a Judge I should have long ago died apriaoner." 

Sir Peter Leiy made it a rule never, when he could STold it, to look at an inferior picture, 
hsTing found that when hs did ao hia pencil took a taint tuna it. 

Bophronins would noteuflbrhia grown-up diiidren to aaaoi^ate with Ihoae wliose conduct waa 
not pure and upright. " Dear ftther," aaid a daughter to him one day when he tbrbade her pay- 
ing a proposed visit, " you must think ns very childish if yon imagine we should be exposed to 
danger by it." Tlie fhthoT took, in ailence, a dead coal flrom the hearth and handed it to his 
daughter, Baying : " It will not bum you, mj child ; take iL" Her hand waa soiled and black- 
ened, and the (itther remarked : " Yon see that ooals, if they do not bum, blacken ; so it is willt 
the company of tlie vicious." — Avtn lit ffmnaii. 

Tot the Mbe of the weak we ought to renoTe slniuhUag- blocks. Tera. M, 
3T> — Two persons went on tlieir way home, one a few feet in advance of the other. In tixur 
puthway lay a small piece of otange-peeL The first wslked over it, and passed on not thinking of 
the many tiBveleis on the same road liable to slip and &1L The other piwaed avvr It, and oo 
eooond thought stepped baok and moved the stumbling-Uock ont of the way. 

The mind u wsak where it has once given sway. It Is as in the ease of the mound of a Mh- 
erv^^r ; if thia mound haa In one place lieen broken extra care is neceaeaiy to make tbe tepBit«d 
put «a strong aa pOHlble.-Vokn Fotttr, 

We MS Uod'a care for the weak in providing plants ansble to stand by themaelvea, like tlie 
viae and ivy, with tandribi to entwine themselves around lonie friendly tvdd-fast, and endowing 
fceble snimala with euoning and aita of self-protection. 

TheteiaannethingpaeuUBrly heroioin the story of a London clergyman who, disoovering that 
he had eaught amaii-pox, resolutely refuaed to go home, would not even enter a eab which waa 
brought to take Mm to the lioapital, but, hailioig a hearse pwKOg by, orept into that, and ao waa 
carried safely to the hoepital door. — JKim Miilodt, 

Zeal agalaatcTll aota gnaraatee orperaonal righteoBUiesa. Ter. 39.— To be 
engaged in oppoalng wrong affords under the condition of QUr oonstltutiou but^a slender guanin- 
tee for being right. — QUidiione. 

Dr. Arnold, of Bugby, strongly disliked senti mental, lop-aided virtue. He says: "I have 
: agsen enough of boys that hate the devil. Coaunend me now to the boys that not only hate the 
t <tevil. but love God," 
-- IM 


Apkh, 12, 1891. LESSON II. 2 KisGs 10. 18-18. 

I>a you wish to flod aut a {lenon'B weak poinU 1 Note the tUlInga lie hm the quickeat eja for 
In oifaen. Tbey ma; not be the very fiuliogg he is himself conocioua of ; but th«7 will be their 
nut-doar neigbboFB.— ^an. 

Tke nearar « man seta to pcrftctlon the sadder his rallore*. Ter 31.— Short- 

oomings are the civk blois upoo a &ir jniniieni or tbs roggnd huttona od ■ court dreaa. A ladf in 
UmveliDg ooe day exclaimed an alie poaaed a aplendid hauae, " Why, then'a a broken window 1 " 
Wc ovariook the thinf(« iu order and are grieved at the defccta. 

Id the ounphor-trM every part ia impragnated with the precioua perfume, but a dead bnmch 
not only defbrma but aadly ii^urea the tree. So onaaDcUfied facultin aubtiaat from aymmetry 
■ndatrengtliofoliiirHiiter.— ff. A. D. 


I. BbAitb Jelra'a Teroluljon, nine kinga had rdgiied over the Ten Tribea, repreaenUng 
three houaea and one usurper. Tba teacher who dcairea to giva an hiatorical aummaiy ini)iht 
tlrilt hia claw an the aamea of theae kinga, thoa: The flmt houae, Jeroboam, Ifadab; the iecond 
hooae, Biuuhu, Elah ; the uaurper, Zimri ; the third houae, Omri, Ahab, Ahaziah, Jehoram. 

S. Sketob th« oanaea leading to the revolntion which placed Jehu on the throne. 1.) The 
influeuM of Bliahu and tlie prophetic order. Note Ood'a call id 1 KlDge 19. It, aDd ita tulBll- 
ment twenty yean later, S King* S. IS, 13.) The power of the ■uny growing dnring the long 
alege of Raiuoth-gilead. 8.) The reaetlOD IVom the worahip of Baal in favor of the nsiionsl rslig- 
ioDof Jehorah. <.) The weekneaa of Ahab'a deeocndanla. 6.) The ambition, ability, and energy 
of Jehu. Notice in thia hlitory the conjoining of homan and divine forc«. 

a. Our lanon opena with Jeha on thethrone, and reveals the uadBrtylag prineiplM of liia 
eODdocL Motioe hia traiu: 1.) J&ui^, of which there are many inataaoea. Note eapecially 
9. IS, SO, M, as well asthe l««aon. S.) Hj/pocriiy. He pretended to be a worahlper of Baal at 
one lime, and pro&aaed ta be a worshiper of Jeboiah at another, but was lealoua for Jehu all 
the tint*. S.) Thoroofhntit, Aa far aa Jnhu went he wa« nDOompromising. He slew the house 
orAhBb,Bnd the wonhipera of BaaL What ha did, he didthomiighly, 4.) Want of pnncipU, 
Jeha was a reformer, not firom prlDoipte| butbecaaaeofhiapolltioal relatioDS. He wai a Henry 
TltL rather than an Oliver Cromwell. Let the teacher present both sides of his charaetcr, uDd 
ahov how birhenuy be an example, and how &r a warning, to ua. 

4. IiBt na not alnr over the deatruotiou of the Baalitai. Was it right I The manner of It 
waa not right, for it waa by a trick and a deceit ; though we mont not measure a half-elviliiad rcT- 
olntioniat by the ataikdarda of the New Testantent, and expect a Jeha tobe aa good aa a Waabing- 
ton. But Iheactilaelf waa neceasary and tight, in that time and nnder thoae conditinne. The 
aaftty of the world in our age required the purity of Israel in that age; for Israel waa un<ler tniln- 
ing tobeoomeln due time Ood'a mtmonary nadon. Moreover, the wonhip of Baal waa atunded 
with the most abominable obiMnniCica and immonlitlee, and tended toward the destnibtion of the 
people through Ilic diadem jmation of vice. 


1. TO BFBCXAIi SUBJIIOTB.— " Character of Jebn," Btarut, JmuA Ckurek, il, ST4. 
•• Jehu's Life aod Timw," HcCuxTooa and Stbohb, Sbith, and Abbott. '■ The Call of Jehn,» 
»ruiLir, Jevith (Jkufch, il, SSfi. " Baal's Temple In Bamaria," Qiikie, Oittrs with th* SMt, 
iv, 47. "Baal Wor^p Deiioribed," TnoHaoH, Land ami Iki &ok, il, W. Gbieib, Bourt with 
lie BiiU, iv, TO, Tl. " Baa! Worahlp In Israel," Garaia, iv, IBS. " Blaughter of the Baal Wor- 
■hipen," Tcoi, Band-boot i^fBiblieal Diffleuitia, 61, 68. " Haaaaere at Bomaria," Stahut, </(v> 
aal Ckartk, ii, tflt. "Baal Worship ExCerminated hy Jehu," Thohbom, Land and th* Book, ii, 
1*t, \a. " Pn^becy aa to Jehu'a Hodm FuUlled," Giiiia, .Bbura teUh tht BibU, iv, SS6. 
" Baal," FncntAiT, Hmtd-boek of BOU JToniMrt and Outomt, lU. " Prieatly Bobea," Fainuir, 
Saad-teoi qf BiiU Jfmun and Ctafoma, «M. 

t.TOamBMOBBAaVAia>XMBSMB^CMitia,iBandSh<iiiiv,hj' Catho- 
lic Sftnt, 3. Vtem, 1, H«. 7Vim and KUm BMgion, H. Hdxthskt. Th* Right Stat* of 1^ 
Mtart, WiTBos, i, «». „ '; 


JONAR 1. 1-17. 

LESSON III.— April 19. 

JONAH SENT TO NINEVEH.— Johah 1. 1-17. 
QOIiDBN TSXT.— Pr«ach unto It th* pr«uSiliis ttist I bid thaa.— Jonab 3. S, 


FIiAOIiS. — 1. Qmlllee. 8. The ModiUmiiMQ. S. Jopia, now Jafik, Che well-knoirD 
port of PHlMtine on Chs Meditamnon. Itwu lift; miles from Oatb-hspher. " J*ffii U one of the 
□IdMt citlee in the world," 4. Tarahiih. A dtj of the Pbcniciuia, in the soath of Spain. 
B. NineTeh. See ipeoi&I orticla on Nihbtbh at the close of this lesson. 

FBBBODB.— Of Joiuh himself vcr; littls is hiiown bayond what we ftather from this book. 
Thsre is, howaver, one other nwntlon of bim In tha Old Tertumcat, which ftaraishes us with 
some partioulan oDncemiDg him. In i 'EXnfp 14. S5 wa read of Jeroboam II., King<tf Israel, that 
'* He restored tha ooaat of Israel tVom the entering of Hamath onto tha sea of the pldn, accordiof 
to the word of the Lord Ood of Israal, which be spake by tho hand of his sarrant Jonab, the son 
of Amtltai, the prophet, which was of Oatb-hepber." It can hardly be doubted that ihc Jonab 
thus spoken of is the same porxon aa tha Jonab of this book. Both are prophets. Both are sons 
of Amittai ; and neither name oocui* anywhere else in the Old Te^tsmont. AHuming, as wa 
may reasonnblj do, their identity, wa learn tnta the passage in Kings : a) That Jonah wsa a 
prophet of Iba northern kmgdom, Israel ; i) that his birthplace was Oath-hepliar, a town of lower 
Oalilse, not I'sr from Naioretb, In the tribe of Zobuloo ; c) and that ha exerciseil tlie propbetioal 
oOloe either before the n^ign of Jeroboam II., or very early In that reign. He would thus be a 
contemporary ofHuseaaod Amos, if, indeed, ha wa» not enrlier than they, and therefore oaa of the 
most ancient, if not the most ancient, of the pnipliets whostt writings we poaness. According to 
ordinary chronology JerobosTii's reign was Irom 83S B. O. to 7S3 B. O.—Hramu. 

1 Now the word of the Lobd came 
nnto "Jo'nah tho son of A-mit'tai, 

1 Now the word of the Lord came 
onto Jo'nah the son of A-mit'tai, 

2 Arise, go to Nin'e-veh, • that great 
city, and cry againat it; for their ' wiok- 
edneas ia come up befoK me. 

& But Jo'nah rose up to flee unto Tar'- 

8 saying. Arise, go to Nin'e-veh, that 
great city, and cry against it; for 
their wickedness is come up before 

B me. But Jo'nah rose up tofleeunto 

'"••'■ i 


1, 3. Now— The writer conscio 
history, — /Vromi*. Jonah — 

I 1-10. 

ily takes up tbe thread of past 
ntroductory nolo on Pxssoir). 
HKViii. 07- acalnat It— Tha 

niat BTAat oit]r-~See artJoli 

only case of a prophet being 

neaa— Tho cruelty and licentious rapacity of the Nbevil 


0«ra nn-bearaiiee has lU llalla. Bee ILLTTSTIUTIONS. 

DatT la bo* always ■BoMb mat easy. Bee iLLDSTHAnont. 

Qo<^ anTaBll ■bOBM alwaTi *' ex; •■■ " agalBM wleketoi 


flhish * from the presence of the Lobd, 
«nd irent down to * Jop'pa ; (tnd he found 
a ship going to Tar'ahish : so he paid the 
fare thereof, and went down into it, to 
go with them unto Tar'ahish * from the 
presence of the LoRS. 

4 But the Lord 'sent ontagreet wind 
into the Kft, and there was a miffhty 

JOSAB 1. 1-17. 

Tar'shish from the presence of the 
Lobd; and he went down to Jop'pa, 
and found a abip going to Tar'ehish: 
so he paid tbe fare thereof, and went 
down Into it, to go with them nnto 
Tar'shiah from the presence of the 
4 Lord. But the Lord ' sent out a 
great wind into the sea, and there 
was a mighty tempest in the sea, so 
so that the ahip was like to be broken. 

pretation of David KimeAi, "He Imogtoed that if ha veat out of the land ofliroel the iplritof 
-ptophoc; woDld not rest upon him," !i perhaps not wide of the mark. JareM to the mms eflfeot, 
*' The Sbebiiuh does not dwell out of Che land." Thoufch, as Thtodon obserreo, he well knew 
tl]at the Lord of the uidvene woe erary-wheie present, yet he enpposed that it was only at Jem- 
Mlem he hecaina apparent to men. HIb conoetn for the time beliifc was to throw off obedlenoe to 
<rod, ai>d for that purpoea varioos motivea — ease, Indolenoe, and fbar of men — ooncurred ; a date 
of mind which everj ■errant of Qod oan reodilf conoeiTe fhim the analog; of hie own experielice. 
That he Mtiially Intended an entire abandonment of duty, the dicumatimce that he fled aa far ae 
poanlble proves.— -fIniKrt. The reason of Jonah's disobedience ie given by himselC Clu^). t. S. 
Knowing well the loving kindness of God he antidpated that he would spare the Mlnevites 
«D their lepenlanca, and he could not bring himself to be the meaeenger of mercy to heathen, 
much less to heathen who, as the Anyriao InscriptioDa elate, had already made war against his 
own people, and who, as he may have known, were destined to be thdr oonqueron. See the 
atauunents of hia probable oontemporary. Hoa. t. S; 11. S. — Camiridgt Biblt. 

There is ■• ncare from Alnlfhty Oot. lor be baa ao arranged the worid ttwt Uw work ot 
erery IndlTldual Is counted upon ; and his work la not allowed to stand atlU, Inu must be ac- 
CDiDpllabed. Ters. 1, >. DManee la no protection against Iiim ; tor to blm belong bearen and 
earUi. the sea. and tba dry land. Tan. 8, e. To him tbe winds and Uie warea are sobjecl ; tor 
be bas made all tblnga. Tera. 4, •. To him atoe are eub|ect every wboa, la InvduMaiT tear, tbe 
ORlng bearta of men. Vers. S, t. Whoever, tben, expects to Sad In tbem a refnge against God Is 
decdved. Evm things seemingly accidental obey blm, wbenever be InleDds to carry out bts pur- 
pose. Ter. T. Every thing, however far from or near to blm 11 may be. moil Diwlly became on 
iDstnmieDt In bis hand, (ver. 11-19), and co.opentte lor ttie glorltylng ol bis name. Ter. IS.— 
W»»>««eweB lo fiod Is ■«OHpaale4 by har. See IixCBTRanOKS. And U one's Oonsdence Is so 
seared that tamporarOy no tear is lelt, tbat Is only a posQionement ot wtM wm surely oome. 

4. 8«ot ont a great wind— Hurled a greate wynda into the »M.—Covtrdidt, Jet^hai 
•peaka of a violent wind called " the black Dorth wind," which he ssya aometimea visited the aea 
off the soost of Joppa. And we read of "a tempestuous wind oslled Eoroqullo" In another pert 
of tbe BORie sea, which, rushing down the highland! of Crate, suddenly osnght the ship In which 
St. Paul vroe sailing, and brought on n tempest sesrcely lew severe than that to which Jonah irss 
«xp(iaed. Acts ST. 11. The modem name Levsnler is a witncas to the prevalence of such winds 
in those seas.^AroinM. Was like to be broken — Lilemlly, Ihimyit to b» brottn, as in the mar- 
^n. A vivid image or peisoniflcation in keeping with the graphic style of this book. — Camiridgi 
SOU. . 

mhcB genileaeealkllB.QaJ has stener remedies. Bee iLLDSTaanOMB. But It la tbe spiritual 

M his 01 


All iba (Meas nf natare are directed by end. Jehovah, from whom Jonab Intends to flee, is Lord 
of tbe sro. snd the wlnda are his servants. Psa. 104. S. One ot these servants he sends torth In 
basM Into tbe sea to draw Jonab fram hla potpoae.— Slstnert. Nothing In nslnre oecun aa 
tbe mere mmll ot blind torce. EarChquaka and ocean calms, sunahlbe and snow, the balmy 
brecoe ot June snd the wild weai wind oI winter— are they not all " sent tortb to mlnlstar lo the 
betrsof ■Ivatlmt" "Buccess" and " dUaiCer " are alike hurttul toOod'a enemies and banefldal 
to hla trtenda. 



Jonah 1. 1~1T. 

Second Qitabter. 

5 Tlien the mariDers were arraiil, an<I 
cried every man unto hia god, kud cast 
forth tlie wares that were in the ship into 
the sea, M lighten U of them. But 
Jo'nah waa gone down into the ndes of 
the ship; and he lay, and was fast asleep. 

6 So the sliip-master came to him, and 
said UQto him. What meanest tliou, O 
sleeuerl arise, 'cull upon thy Ooil, if so 
be that Qod will think upon us, that we 
perish not. 

7 Aad they stud every one to his fel- 
low, Come, and let us "cast lots, that wc 
may know for wlmse cause this evil u 
upon OS. So tliey cast lots, and the lot 
fell upon Jo'nah. 

5 Then tli 
cried every man unto 
tlioy cast forth the war 
the ship into the sea, 
unto them. But Jo'i 
down into the innermoi 
ship; and he lay, and 

6 So the ship-master cai 
said onto him, Whiit 
O sleeper } arise, call 
if BO be that Qod will 

re afraid, uiiX 
his god; and. 
Bs that were in 
to lighten it 

parts of tile- 

was fast asleep. 

to him, and 

eaneat thou, 

upon thy Ood, 

think upon as. 

7 that we perish not. And they aaid 
every one to his fellow, Come, and 
let OS cast lots, that we may know for 
whose cause this evil is upon us. So- 
they cast lots, and the lot fell upoli 

B. TIis nurmen— Tlie Ilubivw word ia rormnl from the word for mlt, and doDOte* tlio« 
occupied with tlie Rait rt*. Bo we Hinielima apeBk of a uilor us" mil."— CanUridfft Mill*. 
"Were aftaid— For the whole deBcripiioD of their terror and thoir prujer compare P»B. 107. S3-Ws 
Matt. B. E8-27.— JVroiBM, Krorj man onto his god— They vera proh«blj Phenicisns, wh»- 
had the carrying trodo hetwoen Joppn and Tsmhiih, Thii would sceount for their mBltiplicUy 
of gods. The crew, however, ouiy Imve been compotwd of men of diScrent nations. — Canibrid^ 
BibU. The wares— The furniture of the ship, movibleii, spwe Iwikllug, etc In St. Piiul'ii. 
■hipwrcok a similar coutbo was taken (Acta ST. 19), but the cargo wm not thrown overlionnl 
tilt ■ later period. Tei. S8. Jonth'ii rhip may have beeo, lilio Paul's, a com Rhtp. The i-xp»it. 
of com ftijm Joppa woh very considerable. See 1 Kings 0. 9 ; Eiek. ST. IT ; Acts IS. SO. Th* 
■idea of tlie sb^p— The Hebrew word is not the same u that rendered "ship" earlier in the 
ven«. It ocouTs nowhere else in t)ie Old Teatoment, bat the verb from which it is dirived 
■ieoifleB lo " cover" or " board over " (1 Kings 7. B, T), ao that it is probably need to denote tliot 
it was a decked vessel in which Jonah soiJed, and tliat he had, u we should say, "gone below." 
The " sidoB of the slilp " are what we should call the bottom of the ship, the part in which tlie 
two Bides meet. Waa tuA aaleep— Jonah hod probably lallen aaleep before the storm began, 
and elumberui Uto deeply to be mused by it or by the commotion on board. Uiir Lord's sleep. 
amidit tlie stoim an the lake (Mark i. 88} fumisfaea it once a compuisoD and a oontrant.— 

DMms tearbca la prmy. It thou doM not Imow and tescb tbls, tbou wilt alicsTa be a poor com- 
forter. If Ibe Lord Kilzei Ui; bean with rlolent alarms Irom auffulib ot cotuwlBDce, Uiniir U17 
watna Into tbe aaa. Wlial Is thine must perish, and If thou doat not surrender it ttioa mmt thTMlf 
suffer ihtpwreck.— Kl<(nert. See IixusraATiOKS. 

Worka anil bejolnel with prajer. See iLLCBTa^TiOMS. Men hare no right to depend on ptajer 
it the; ne((leet the proper means ot nlvatlou. 

6. The ahipmaster — Literally, the ehief qf tlu tailon ; that Is, the captain. The word here 
fbr Mi^r* (which is singulur and used collectively) is not the asma word as that rendered 
in verse G. It is formed from the Hebrew word for rofu. The Hebrews, not being a 
nution, mode but little use of nautical terms. What mean sat thou, O 
sleeper?— Whot nantd thou by tUtping! would perbspe be the best translation. It Is an ex- 
clamation of indignant surprise at the unreasonableness of Jonah's conducL — PtFtnctu. 

vraoflaniprlaacrlae. See ILLtWraATIom. And jet nmi Wbo 


Antn. 19, 1891. LESSO 

8 Then sud thej luito him, * Tell us, 
v« pray thee, for whose cause this evil 
it upon us? WliM i* thine occupation ! 
ftod whence comest thou t what u thv 
conutr; ( and of what people art thou t 

S Aod lie said unto them, I am a 
He'brew; and I fear 'the Lord, the 
God of hi-aven, which hath made the aea 
anil the Aij land. 

10 Then were tha men 'esceedingl} 
afmid, and «aid unto him, VVhj hast 
thou done this I For the men knew that 
be fled from the presence of the Lord, 
because he had told them. 

11 Then said thej unto him. What 
■hall we do unto thee, that the sea 'may 

Jonah I. 1-17. 

8 Jo'nah. Then thej said unto him. 
Tell us, we pray tliee, for whose ciiuse 
this evil IB upon ua; what is thine 
occapationt and whence comestthouf 
what is thy country f and of what 

9 people art thou ! And he said unto 
them, 1 am a He'brew ; and I fear 
the Lord, the God ol heaven, which 
hath made the sea and the dry hind. 

10 Then were the men ejicecdingly 
afr^d, and said unto Mm, What is 
this that thou hast done t For the 
men knew that he fled from the 
presence of the LoRS, because he had 

11 told them. Then said they unto Mm, 
What shall we do unto thee, that the 

tbey pmceud to cast lota. Vor whosa osnae — WJien ths lot detects JddbIi, tlieji vill not oon- 
<leinn him nnheaid. The}r will give him an opportunity of clearing hiniieir, or, like Achan (J<sh. 
7. IR), of making oonfessloii with his own lip<. Tliu judicial ImimeBs mnd caliiiii«Bt> uf tliiitv 
bcalben men, their alxtihence from anger and reproach for tho wroog; done thooi, their seiii« of 
tbeunctityof human litk,thdr fear of punistiini; the innocent, are very RtrikitU(ly brought out in 
the whole (if thin eroiting eoene. — raweru. It wua a commnn notion among the andent marinera 
Ibat an eitmonlinuy etonn munt be attributed to ths iiiilign;ftinn of the gods against some guilty 
penun on board the ohip. — Kitio. The lot fell upon Jonah — An illu^'tration of Prov. 11. S3 ; 
«oinp. Joah. T. IB; 1 3am. 14. ii. It is worthy ofnoto that the usaoftlie lot, though frequently 
Bwntioned and sanctioned in tha Old Testament, and employed oven after the aaeenBlon in the 
choice of an apostle to lltl the place of Judos, never occuib in the Bible attar the day of PentocoKt. 
It would seem to have been superseded by the gilt whi«h conferred "a light judgment in all 
tiling*. "—tlifliAi^* £ttlt. witat ia thine oooupation, etc — Tbis crowdiag together of ques- 
tions in their eicitatnent is very true lo nature. — Ptroirni. Oue might sse in the scene a terrible 
tribunal, for the siiip was the court of justice, the judges were Iho sailors, tlie executionen were 
the winds, the prisoner nt the bar was the prophet, the houw of correction and piiaon of safe- 
iHicping was the whale, and the accuser was the angry Kn-^Piiio, The emenfency recalls Jonah 
to hill tnH self. All the better part of his eharscler now comes out. His conduct throughout tha 
remainder of the cbipter is dignified and manly, worthy of a servant and prophet of Jehovah. 
Oal, amt mat chwaee, ruin ear <eMlalcs. See Illustsatioics. This canoot be loo deeplj Inh 
vnsled on Ihe minds of our acbolara. 

0. Hesald, lamaHebrew— This is thename by which the Jews wereknown to forelgnon, 

Comparetheuseof it by •'ui'MiJ and other closMcal writers. It ii quite in keeping with biblical 
usage that Jonah employs it in describing himself to the heathen sailors. Hud he been address- 
ing one of his own countrymen he would have spoken of himself ss an Israelite. — Uromm. 

10. Why haM thon dons this r— Rather, W/uH u thU thai thou Juut dontf A 
qnention, not of inquiry, but of aniaiement and repronch. Comp. Gen. t. 10. — Ikmeiu. If 
prolessorB of religion do wrong they will hear of it tVom those who make no auoh profession. — 
fiiiatt. When tha orator Cyprian read the history ot the pniphet overvholmed by the waves bis 
■onl waa violently agitated— it became a means of bis convcreion— and the reault was that li& 
became an eminent teacher of the Church. — KlHntrt. 

WarMly-ailB<e4 pcaple are aRes harrlfled bj Uie iBcOBslMcnclM of ChrlallBB re^lc. 

H. OAST INTO ran SBA. Veraea 11-17. 

11. "Wliat shall we do unto tbeef— No doubt in thwr thus appealing to Jonah to tail 
tb«m what was to be done, instoud of at once ridding themselves of him as the aeknowledged 


Jonah I, 1-17. 

Second Quasteb. 

"be calm uoto us 1 for the sea 'wronght, 
and vu tempestuous. 

13 And he said onto them. Take me 
up, and coat me forth, into the sea; so 
ahall the sea be calm unto ;ou: for I 
know that for "my sake thU great 
tempest ii upon you. 

sea may be calm unto us t for the aea 
grew more and more tempestuous. 
13 And he said nnto them, Take me up, 
and cast me forth into the sea; so 
shall the sea be calm unto you: for I 
know that for my sake this great 

>f their calamity, -wa ms; rooogniza theii 

for JchoTHh, ai 

19. Tha question hex b«an raised whethor Jonah oofthtof hin ovn aooord to have offeiod himaalf 
to death; Tor hla doing ■OBeenulobe a sign of despitir. Ho might, indeed, haTD Burrondered hlmaell 
to their will, but heft he, ei it vera, Indtea theta to the deed. Oaatme IntoUuaaa, he Bays, for 
In no other we; will yoa eppesae God than by punieh)n|{ me. He eeenu like a man In deepair 
when he thiix goont his own inotenoe to dceth. But without donbt Jonah reoogniied that he vut 
4lTinel7 nummoned to pnnUhmant. It is unoartaln whether he tlien ooaoeivod a hope of i>n>K<T- 

Ltboh piBowita.] 
TBtlon ; whether, that le, with a present oonfldenoe he rested on the gtaMof God ; but, howerer 
that be, one may pither that he goes forth to death because he perceived, and is anuiedly 
peraiuded, that he is In a manner summoDed by the clear roloo of God. And so Uiore is no 
doubt that ha patiently undergoes the judgment which the Lord haa broui(ht ipUost him, — 

Trne r*"lleBre. Jonah herein Is a specimen of true repenlanco, which lwd> the panltant to 
"aooept Itie punishment ol bis iDlqultjr " {Ler. M. 11, 43), aod to be more iDdlgnant at tiu sin than 
at Us suSerlng.— Rtttssrt. Ask your scholars to nibjecl their experience lo this leaC 
The lolliy nnicteaee MeeJs no ■pcnwr. The heart ol erery unsared sinner Indorses enrj 

BwakenlDK aptMat he bean, bowerer his Hpa may bells his oonseleDlious discomlort. 
OnrilDaMrclsMherBaiwallaiiMnalTee. Bee tl 


Aprii. 19, 1S9I. LESSC 

18 NeTertbflleM tbe men 'rowedhnrd 
to bring it to t)ie land ; " but thej could 
not: fur the sea wrought, (Uld was 
teinpestuoiu against them. 

14 Wherefore they cried unto the 
LoBD, and said. We beseech thee, O 
Lord, we beseech thee, let ua not perish 
for this man's life, and lay "not upon ns 
innocent blood: for thou, O Lobd, host 
done aa it jil eased thee. 

16 So tliej took up Jo'nah and cast 
him forth into the sea: and the sea 
'ceased from her raging. 

16 Then the men feared the Lord cz- 
*^<^^<^?1Ti ^'od 'offen-d a sacrifice unto 
the Lord, and made vowa. 

17 Now the Lord had prepared a 
great fish to swallow up Jo nah. And 
"Jo'nah waa in the *Mlly of tbe fish 
three days and three nights. 

N m. JOHAH 1. 1-17. 

18 tempest is upon you. Nererthelesa 
the men rowed hard to get them 
back to the laud; but they could 
not: for the sea grew more and more 

■ud. We beseech thee, O Lord, we 
beseech thee, let us not perish for 
this man's life, and lay not upon us 
innocent blood : for thou, O Lord, 

15 bast done as it pleased thee. So they 
took up Jo'nali, and cast him forth 
into the sea: nod the sea ceased from 

16 her raging. Then tbe men feared tbe 
Lord exceedingly; and they offered a 
sacrifice unto the Lord, and made 

17 TOWS. And tbe Lord prepared a 
great fish toswallow up Jo'nah; and 
Jo'nah was in the belly of the fish 
three days and three nights. 


18. Bowed hard — Litamlly, digged. Tho word is used far digging or brenlting through ■ 
n-ali. Job a. IS ; Ezeli. 13. S, l.—I^rrounu. 

Never ke emfer M ean'eam •••» ihe want rfaanr. TIkk puian MUara gtTM m a stooA eiunple. 
Kaor a prorMMd CtiHstbu biAona to aosUiematlis Uie rinnar Id a Terr Qoobrlstlan spill'- 

14. Z^r not npou ns innooent blood — Tbal is, tbe guilt of having shad itmocsnt blood. 
Comp. DeaC El. B. Var this man's Ufa — That is, for having tnlcen it tvay. —Uromu. 
Tboa, O Iiord, hast dona aa it pleased thee — " That Jooah has embailiDd in this ship, that 
a tempast his arisen, that he has been detaoted b; (anting of lata, that he has pancd leiitaiioe 
ou hiuiBelf, is all thy doint;." — BitU Commentary. Theee Phonlolun ssilotB tovsrenoe and 
would Un MTe tma death a prophet of Jehovah who hu (ome to them unbidden, and has 
well-nigh eompmsd thdr destniotlon ; Jerusalem " killed the prophets, and atoned them that 
wars sent unto Iter" fbr their salvation. They show the utmost tenderness fbr « single life ; 
Jooab, the propbfA of the Lord, is worse than n^tardlees of " more then elxsooro thousand " 
human souls. — Cambridg* SttU. 

16. thaf to<& np— WiUi raapeot and tnluetaiioe, with no stru^Ie on his part, or Tiolenoe 
on tlieira. — AromM. Serraslns — Literall}', herangtr. 

S«< srarea the rrayeifbl peallent. A trucii iUustiaced now la tbs ease of tlie •allon, pmentlr In 
that otJouifa, and thirdly in that ol Mneveb.—fVMtMeC. Is It alio lIlustraMd In rour clan T 

16. Vssred the Iiord exoeedloBlT — Tho}- h*d ftared eKeediogly before (ver. 10, where 
the Uebrew oxpreaaion is tlie mma as hers), but Iheir fear then wis vigue and indeflnito, now it 
recognized as its object Johovsh, tha God of Jonah. Offlsred a aaorUlae— It woald ccrtuinly 
seem 10 be implied that immediately oo the oosslng of the storm tlie seLlora ofTered a soorlfico to 
Jonah's Ood, in acknowledgement of what ho bod ijready done, and at the same time vowed that 
thej would present to him other gifts and oSeringe when ha would have brou|;ht them nsfe to 
Iind. We know but little of the sMpe of the ancients, but some of them were of oonsidorable 
siie, and there is no ditEoulty in supposing that there may have bean one or more live nnimals 
auitibta (br ssorifloe on board Jonah's ship. — Arounx. ' 

IMtIh Aeftnwmmat shenM t>aclle oar BralUnde. Bee iLLUSrsiTIOHS. 

17. A sreat flah— Probably a viialV-—CanAridgi BUHt, Ha sent tlie flsh there to do bis 
bidding. Prapaiad — The word rendered "appointed" in Job 7. B; Dan. 1. 9, 10; and "set" 
In Din. 1. 11. — I^mave. By God's dlreetton it was ammgod that the very moment when Jonah 


JONAB 1, 1-17. 


Sscom) Quarter. 

■wm thrown into tho waves ilia " greet flub " wu on the spot lo reoeiTB him. Ood charged the 
animal to perform this Auction, m h« (llf rward " spoke la " it (3. 10), or couimamled It, to 
vomit oat the prophet on Che dry land. — Kalitck, Id a word, Che whola a^r waa mlraealoua, 
and, ■* (uch, la Caken out of ibo cotegory of dilHcultica. If a whals had never bafute been in the 
Hediterrsnean, Ood could bring one to the «iiwt spot needed la eaailf aa he brought the ram to 
tlie plaoe when Abraham wax to aaoiiflcc lasaa. Ho could dIbo furnish the n e e e eeary apaelty to 
accompliab the end intended. It ia idle, and, wanp, oov;>rd1y, to wlchhold our faith in a Bible 
Diimclc until we can Bnd or invent sonM way in whieli the thing mlsht have happened wilhouC 
any greot miracle atler all.— H'. Jf. nioiMwn. The prestrvation of tlic prophet In tlio belly of Ihc 
fltih is not more remarkable than that of the three ehillren in the midst of Kebochadnaziar'ii 
burning flcry fttmoce. — BoayUjm. According lo Bnl^lonian tnuiilion, a flab-god, or flsh-nuin, 
named Oanidea, waa diviiwljr (iCDtto that country, che region of the Euphrates and Tigris, (u teach 
Che inhabllanta the &e.i uf Ood and good morals. He oune from Che sea, and spake vitli a 

Lraou ^uiowns.) 
man'a vuim, tcatliiiig only in tho day-time, and returning ngnin every night lo the aea. Uculpt- 
una of this flah-god an frequently found among the ruina of Nineveh. The head and faca of a 
digniiled and noble-looking man are seen jusC below Che mouth of ■ Bsh, and the banda and arms 
project fh>ni the pectoial flna, and the feet and ankles lower down, end tliere ani other forma, but 
it is alvaya a man in ajUi. — Slowi. It ia perhripN worth mentiooing tliat the common idCK of 
Jonah being svallowed by a KhaU has no real warmnl in holy Scripture at all. Our liOrd, 
indeed, is made to aay in our English Bibles tliut Jonah was "in the wluile'e bally" (Halt, 
IS. 40) ; but the word used by bini to denote Jonab'a flnh is taken firom the Greek translation of 
the Book of Jonah, with whicli he and his hearers were iiuniliar, and cannot be natricted to a 
whale, or Co any of tho ao-callcd Ctlactaiu. It meana any " sea monMor, or htlgo flah." The 
Bible does not say tliut Jonah Han iinalh>«ed by a whale. The Old Testament aimply apeuks of 
" a great A'h," and tbs New Testuuicnt employs a strictly equlvalonC term. Here we may be 
content to leave tlie question. — Cambridgt Biblt. 

Wbea Hotw law la krokcD II ts useless lo nm. See Illustiutions. 

Ic is evidently the design of the writer of this tioolt to give prominence to the *sst alie «€ 
Nineveh. When hespesksoril,it Is with theconatantaddition, >> thogieat dty" (1. S; >. ■; 
4.11), ■ndtheaddUonisjustiaedby theaUtementthat it was "great to Ood," thai it «M ft 



Apkil 19, 1S91, LE^ON" ni. JoxAH 1. 1-17. 

d^ "of Ibice d«fii' jooniof," lad that it mntuined " mare thsu Bix^oors thouund penio[u> un- 
■ble to diaccni botTeeo thair right hand and their luft, nad also much csltla " (1. 11). Inaaekiilg 
to Tarify tfau description, and identity, with some reasonable doKree of probabilitj, the Nineveh 
of JcHiah, we have Brat to detonnine whu is meant by the eipreeaiOQ "a city of three dsfl' 
journej-." It )ia8 Iweii bald that the "three dayn' joiimej" deacribea the t'lma that would be 
occuiried in travening the citj from end to end, along " the hif^h street," representiDg the 
gTwteat leQi^ or " the diameter " of the town, whioh ran from one pniK^pai gate to the oppoeite 
utremity. iSaUtek.) But imleaa wo are prepared to regard the figures given in the text m "the 
nitunJ hyperboles of a writer who lived long after iIid virtual deatmi^on of the city, and who, 
morooier, w» aniiooa to enhance the impreanivaneiis ol'liii alory and lesson, liy dwulling on tha 
Tistnesa of the population whoBo fiile depeoded on their moral regeneration " {Jbid.), we rhail find 
it difflcolt to aocept the gratnitons BRaumptlon that Nineveh ia here described as a dty " atout 
fi(ly-Bve EnKliBh miles in diameter," with a "high ctreet" flfty-Sve miles long. Nor ii it mora 
aalia&ctocy to suppcoe thot by a city of three days' journey is meant a city which it would re- 
quire thrco (lava to go all over. No intelligible idea orsiia could possibly tie convoyed by Hucha 
defluilion. Adapting, then, tiio more reasonable view tliat the "tliree days' journey" retcn to 
the anumforeDce of the city, and estimating a day's journey at about twenty milea, we have 
Nineveh bare described aBoompriaing a circuit of about sixty mile*. Whether this large area was 
inelased by continuous walls we cannot certsinly say. One ancient writer, Indeed ( Diodorvi 
Bieulat), aaaeita that it was, and that the walla were " one hundred feet high, and broad enough for 
thne chuiota to drive abreast upon "(Metiimaryo/'fi^ £ibU, art. "Nineveh"); and he, moreover, 
gins the dimendons of the dty as an irregular quadrangle, of about sixty milea in oirault. But 
without relying loo much upon hli testimony, whichniay be n^arded oh doubtful, we may concloda 
that HI area, such as han been desoribed, was sufficiently marked ont to be known and spoken of 
as the oity of Nineveh. This vast area was not, however, completely ooveied, as in the case of 
our own dtics, with streets and squares and buildings. That waa a fbaturo unusual, and almost 
naknown, in the ancient cities of the East. It was,- perhaps, the tbaturt which, belonging to 
JenBalem by virtue of the deep ravines by whioh It waa aurrounded, and which "determined its 
natural boundaries," and prevented its spraading abroad after the faahion of other Oriental cities, 
called forth the sarprise and admiration of the Jem after their return fVom Babylon. "Jomsatem," 
Ibey exclaim, "(unlike Babylon, where ne ao long have dwelt), is built ssadty which ia com- 
pact together," Like Babylon, Ninavoh ineluded not only parka and "paradises," but flelda under 
tillage, and pMtnres for " much oattle " (i. 11) in ita wide embraoe. The most prabable alto of 
the city thus defined will be seen by rerereooB to the acoompanying plan. It Ilea on the eastflm 
bank of the Tigris, in the fork formed by that river and the Qiiair 8u and Oreat Zab, junt ahovs 
their conflnanoe. The whole of this district abounds in heaps of ruins. Indeed, "thoy are found," 
it is said, " in vast numbers throughout the whole region watered by tha Tigris and EuphrUea, 
and their oobfiuants, ftom the Tarua to the Persian Oulf." " Such mounds," it Is added, "are 
Mpedoliy numerous in the region to the eaat of the Tigris, in which Nineveh stood, and some of 
them must mark the ruins of ibo Asayrian oajrital." {DieUonary of tht MbU.) Four of theoa 
great maBBM of ruins, which will be found marked on the pUn, Eouyui^ik, Ninimd, KaramlsM, 
Khonabad, form together an inegular parallelogram ofvery similar dimensions to those mentioned 
in the text. From Eouynnjik (lying oppoaite Mosul), on the aaatem bank of the Tigris, a line 
drawn in aaouth-east direction, parallel to theoourse of the river, to Nimmd is about eighlean 
milss. From Nimrud, in a northsriy direotion, to Kanunleaa is about twelve. Tha opposite sides 
or the parBltelogram, lyom Kanunleaa to the moat northerly point, Khomabod, and fVomKhoraabod 
to Kouynnjik again, ore about the aaine. Thne four vaat piles of buildinga, with the area in- 
cluded in the porallelogradi which tbey form, are now genetally idendfled with the ute of the 
NiMTeh which Jonah viait«L~/>r«inu. 


God'a A>The«TMBC« luts It* limits. Ver. 3. Wrath and threatening ore Invariably minglod 
with love. It is well for us to dwell with thankfulness on the unfblding of Uie fiower and tha 
fUling of tha dew and the sleep of the green fields in the sunsbine ; but the bloated trunk, Iba 
banen rode, the ""^"'"g of the bleak winds, the roar of the black perilous whirlpoola of tba 


Jonah 1. 1-17. LESSON IIL Second Quabtbb. 

mounUia ■ireuua, and tha oontiDiul lading of aL boautj into datknuo — have Uhbm do languag* 
form!— JiiwMM. 

Theon, one af HiUal'sdiaidplea, waaonadaynading in tlie Holj Soiptnna. Dnabla to >«coD- 
eile whaC hs read of tlie wnth and lovaof Qod, heolosud the book and aj^waledto hii taaeber for 
aid- Uillfltiaid: " Liatea to my atoi?. Then lived iu Alexandria two fathen, wealthy mer- 
ohantB, who had twosonaof the aameage, and \hej weal them to Epheaoaon buaiuin. Both had 
been inrtruotad in the religion of their lathen. The j'outha yielded to the allut«nenta of EphcaiH 
and beoama idolalai*. When Cteou, one of the btlien, heard of thia he waa wnMfa, want to the 
Other father and told him of the apoatoa; of their aona. The litter laofihed, and nid : ' If bosi- 
nen proaper with my mn it uiattera not about religion.' Cleon waa MJtl mors wroth. Which 
of the two waa the batter!" add IIIHeL "Ha who waa wroth," anawered Tlitwn." "And 
which waa the kinder fatberl" aakad the preceptor. " Ho who Waa wroth," iKain anawered 
Theon. "Wat Clean wroth with his bouI" aaked Hillel. And Theon nplied: " Not to moch 
with hia kid aa with his lon'a apoMaay." " From thia," ewd Hillel, " thou canat think diTinely 
of that which ia divine." 

Datr la aot ftlirari smooth B>d eaafi Vewt 3i Jolin Uaynard, " the hslmaman of 
I^a Erie," when the atouner waa on Are, had to hold laat by the wheel in the very jawa of the 
flamea, ao aa to guide the vaaael into the harbor and aave the numy Uvea within her, at the cost 
of bia own fearflil agony while being alowly eooiched to death in the flamea. 

Napoleon honored two of hta most aktllful engineen by detalUng them to «Tplore the path 
acroea the Alpa. They returned with an appalling mdtal of the Inaurmonnlabla difficoltiea in tha 
way. "Ia it pottMe to construct and prepaia thapaBBl" asked the emperor. "Itii barely 
poBuble," waa tha reply. " Fenaard, Uu» I " waa Napoleon's inflexible command. — AVxM. 

Onr faatdeat duties are the veils under which Qod hides hioiaelf as ho drawa near to na. 
Becognizing every dintastoftil oniployment aa dona for him ia the elixir of liib that tonu baaer 
metals Into gold, Ita mean aotivitii* Into holy olTeringa. 

DtaobedleMce (o God ti nccompaMted by (ter. Ter. 3. A burglar rifled an unoc- 
cupied dwelling. He heaped hia plunder in the parlor. There wereavidenoea that haaatdown hare 
toreat. Onabiacket in the comer stood a marble boat of Onido's "Ecce Homo "-—Chriit onwneil 
with thorns. The guilty man had tslutn it in hia handa — for !t bore bla finger-marks — and replaced 
it tnti iUfae* tmnud to tht aall, dreading that the sightleaa eyea of the marble Baviour abould 
look upon hia deeds of infamy.— i><^p). 

One that owed much money and had many oreditoia, aa he walked the London alneta in tha 
evening, a tenter-hook catohed iu his cloak. "At whoae auitt" a^d he, ooncnving some bailiff 
had anaated him. Thus guilty consdonaea are afraid that every (nature they meet ia a sergeant 
sent from God to pani»h them. — FuUr. 

According to an Kastem tale, a great magioian preaented hia prince with a ring. Ita inesti- 
mable value arose not fh)m the dismoada, rubies, pearls that gemmed it, but from a myatia prop- 
erty in the metal. It sat eadly enough in ordinary cjroumataneea, tint when the wearer coniD^l' 
ted a bad action it prened painfully on his finger, pnniahing him for sin. The voioa of God 
within ua is such a ring to tha pooroat of \a.—aathru. 

WheM ■entlenee* fkfia, God haa ateraer reaediea. Var. 4. " I had," aaya Latimer, 
deacribing his training aa a yeoman, " my bows bought me aooording to mj sga and strength; aa 1 
inDreased in thom so my bowa were made bigger and bigger." Thua God deals gently with Lydia, 
tenderly with Thomas, and powerfully with a volatile Jacob and a fiery 6aul,— W. A. D. 

Seeingaome men In afield one day I went to them, and found they were cutting np the trnitk of 
BU old tree. Isald: "ThatUalowwork; whydoyounotaplititaannderwiththebeetleandwedgat" 
" Ah," was the reply, " this wood Is so croaa-gralned and atnbbom that it nxiulrea sometlUng 
sharper than wedges to get it to piecm." " Yes," I aaid, " and that Is tho way 6od dgala with 
ohetinate airmen; if they will not yield to one of hia inatnunenta he will use another." — Origg. 

Cecil obaervod a fine itomt^ranate-tree in n London garden cut almoat through the stem near 
the root- The (csrdener said this tree used to bear notliini; but leavea. After trying many oxpa- 
dients be was obliged to cut it, and when almost cut through it began to bear plenty of fhilL 

'< At their wlln* end all Mea pray*" Ter. a. A celebrated atheist poet declared 
prayer but a base anpenUtlon, and religion the iron fettora of a rapacious prieathood- Bo he held 
when Buliog over the uuraiSad surface of the Black Sea. But hia creed changed with tha ehat^ 


April 1», 1891. LESSON III. Jonah 1. 1-17. 

of tba aosne. In > fbriom ttona the ship beouna nnmuugeabla, ind drifted before the tvmpeat. 
Tha «r7, " Br«ak*r> Mhiad t '' win beud, and Death aeamad neated on the bonid naf waiting for 
h[B prey. Bj • alngnlaT provideuM Ihe; were aaved. But en that happened the atbeiat wag «aen 
proatnt* with fear amonit aome BonunutB lelllng (heir beada and crying la the Virgin. His 
Bpeenlatiana vet« blown >»a; Ilka ao many cobwebs. — Guikrit. 

Work* HB*t be Joined wllb prayer. Ter. B. A. German prieat walhing with hl> 

pafiahkmera over tbeir Aelda to bleea them, when he came to an unpronuung crop would pau 
«D, aariiig, ^^ Htr* prajftnavail notking f tbene tnuat have a lerljlizer.^' 

A godly nuniiter wa> aaked by a man ha was urging to B better oaniae, to fO}/ for blm. 
Drink ww thia man'a heaetment, and it had taken him from Chiiat and from fail church. Our 
friend replied : " Two thiaga an Deoeaaary in your case— ^cuMnir M well aa prayer. Now, I wilt 
piay if you will fiiat." Tho man would not agree to abatain bvm driDb, and aO Our friend sud 
prayer would be of do avwl without iL— Wanur. 

M*» wha «i« i> moat dsngor are aoKcttBea least coBceraed. T«r. ••— The 
ship SrOamiia, which atmck on the coaat of Biaiil, had on board a large coneignment of Bpsniah 
ddlai*. Sevenl bairela of them were brought on deck, but the ahip aaok ao fust the imIoib had 
to take to the boata. At the last boot waa leaving, a aailor riuhed around to aee if any One Was 
left- He found a man breaking the barrela with a hatchet, and shouted, " Zacape for your life ; 
the ahip ia going to piecea." "The ahlp may," haaud; " I am determined to die rich." 

Hadame An DeSant was oonapicDOua In the gay eirclw of France. Death Mixed her while in 
the act of playing caida with a gay oompany of friends. With hardened intUfTerence the reat of 
the p*i^ played out tha game befi»e (hey gave the alarm. — Qrimm, 

The flreman of a New York river ateaui-boat apent the day in a drinking bout. At daybreak, 
being akme on the boat, he oonneetad the tankn in tlie boat with the hydrant on the wharf, turned 
the water on, and then fell asleep, Tlie boat filled, and with great dltEcnlty he vaa arouaad 
ia time to tMspo while the boat sank in twenty-flve fact of water. 

A tienoan in this oonntry invested his pnipaity in one large and beantltbl diamond. Be- 

tnndng to hia native land be auipriaed the paaaengem by Juggling with some ctnna. IlDslly ha 

I stepped to the edge of the ahip, look out hia diamond, and boaatfuiiy threw it np and caught it. 

Hia fellow paaaengen proteated, sdviaed, wanieai, IniC in vain. It at last slipped through bis 

llDgeni and fell inlo the aea. 

God, and ■otGkance,rnlea oar destinies. Ters.T, 8.— Peoplesay, " How fortunate 
that things have turned otlt just as they have ! " Aa if Uod did not arrange the whole 1 One 
might aa well aay, " How fbitunota that I have a neck beneath my head, and shouldera under mj 
neck '. " — Aitiir, 

Alexander caused to be painted on a tabic a sword within a wheal, to ahow that what he bad 
gotten by tiic sword was wheeled about by chance or fate. But the believer con say ; 

Oat sin afectsDtbersas well nsoBrselve*. Ters. lit 13<— A man whose garden 
was injured by a troublesonM weed said it waa due to a n^hbor'a nt^lect. He had let his ganlcn 
mn wild, and when the seeds of this partioular weed were ripe the wind blew them over the- 
ftnoe. Bo one sin may make many innocent people suffer. 

How the woiid was agape when It came out that a neglected handfhl of aome aquatic seed 
dropped into one of the English canals had completely ohoked up tho water-ways (br raiiaat Just 
BO tlie effwts of our deeds abide and extend. — tfrvtart. 

Wken GtNl's law U broken It laaselesa to mn. Ters.lS-lT In the olden times 

in Florence If an awHualn could contrive lo est a sop of bread and wine at the grave of the 
mnrdered man within nine days hs was fVee IVom the vcngosnoe of the family. To prevent this 
they kept watch at the tomb. Ws Doniiot evsde Ood in thia way. — Zons/tltoa, 

When tlie plague raged inLondon Lord Craven prepared his ooach-and-eii with baggage to 
retire to his Montry-seaL As he was about to start one Negro servant said to another, "I suppose 
bj my lord's leaving London his Ood Uvea in the country snd not in the town." The seosonebls 
speech mad* the noblanian panne. "Jlj/ God," thought he, "lives erery-whete. I will stay 


Jonah 1. 1-17. LESSON III. Skcoxd Quaeter. 

DiTltHi deliveniBce ihonld excite oar (ratltade. Ver. Itti— Whan Biahop 

Hutton, otDurliam, wia onoe traveling throutT'i bia diocwe lie lefthb liono with aurruit, reUrad 
from tha liiffhirBy, sad knelt down ia prayer. Ilo eiplaiaed tliat whan a poor boy ha traTalad 
. over thai iDountain without kKobb or aLocbiiiga, and distucbcd n cow on that identioil apot that ha 
might warm liia feet where she lay. He oould not piaa witbout thanking God, 


1. Notioa that (br tho 8nt time in our leiwnu BinoTsh comei into notice. This ta ai|tld&- 
oant, and ruggeata tha tnis purpoae and thought of tliiH book. AtSnt Judah waa Uia rivnl kiuff- 
dotn to Liraal ; than Syria ; now it is Nlnevaii, tha center of tlie gmtt. ampim vbicli at the period 
of tin leHoa waa thraiteniog the aubjugation of the Eaalem world. Dcacribe tha ampire wliich 
Nioevoli eatabluhed, and show ita relation to laraol. 

S. Bemember tliat Jonaltiand not thewhala, la the central fignra In tJiia atoiy. Don't waata 
time In dlacuaaing the poaaibility or methoU of the miracle. Oct at the laeaning of the eTcnt; and 
thia is diacloKed in the study of Janah. He was an lanKlile, probably a dlAclple of EILtba, an 
inapired prophet, end in oommunicatioQ with Ood. How high were fais privilegea I 

t. ObHeTve JoUh'a mlaaion. He wua to go and preach repentance to Ninaveh. Why did 
ha refuse to go I i^Ot because he was afraid, but because he waa onwllling. He did not want 
Nineveh to be nvsd; ha wanted it to be destroyed. Al an Israelite, he foresaw its danger to 
IsraeL See in Jonah the i>eotarian apirit, leading to rebellion againstOod's will. He Was reklly 
•fraid that God would hava mercy upon Nineveh I Boe Jonah 4. ». 

i. NextnoticeJoUh'adiaoipliiMjliowhewaBtaughl the valueof evenOentilea'aonla. Tb* 
Btonn showed the true spirit of IhcM heathen aailoia. They were eameal in pnyer, kind to the 
prophet, ready to risk Iheirown Uvea to save hia. Jonah was led to see that own In Gentile 
hearts was the spirit of true worship andaervioeof God. Theaa people were worth saviog; and 
at last Jonsli aeema to have tbond tbia out. 

S. Study the ohuKOler of Clod aa revealad in this leeaou. He ii shown, not as the Ood of 
Jews only, but of Gentiles m well; aa just in punishing sin;aa merciful in sending warning; 
omniscient, walahtn([men from Nineveh to the sea; as almighty, OMitrolling the foroesof nature ; 
as actuated by love to man. The deeper view of this book shows that it is one of the earliest 
indications of salvation for the Gentile world. 

t. Lastly, the minula of Jonah in the fish's belly. Accept it as a miraole, and And ita in- 
terpretation, as given by J«us Christ, in Matt. 1%. 40, 41. There we learn tha doable purpoae of 
this event ; to Bhow the aulvatJon of the Gentile world, and to (brashadow tha raauiieclloa of 


1. TO SFSOIAIi BDBJB^FB.— " Traditiona Conoeming Jonah," Qana, Jhun witik tht 
.AUt, IT, W, 1ST. "Jonah'sBirthpUce," OiiEii,W,lS0,181. "Jonah in the Whale'aBelly," 
Tuck, Hmtd-hook iff BibU DifieuUitt, 40»-41i. "Jonah and the Whale," Thoiuom, Laid and 
Uu Book, i, 1»5. " The Great Flab," TuaruK, Sattiral Eitlory of Ou Biitt, iSS ; Hocohtox. 
S^ith'i DUti^narf, SSOS. " Jonah's Great Fiith," Thinft not Oaursdly Kaoan, 101. " A Btorj 
like Jonah'a (tom Harodotua," Thtnginot Otiurally Jnoicii, 40i. " The Jehovali Racriflea mads 
by Heathen Sailora," TacK, Jiaad-boot of MidU DifieuUia, 1*0. " Tows of the Bailors," Ecxaa- 
KiiK, Tht TempUt, fit. "Tanhiah and Nineveh," TaoMaou, Load and tht Boot, i, 8H. 
*' Tarahiah Sams aa Tamus," Vaw LziraxT, SiUt Landt, U. *' Nineveh and the Chronology," 
Kawlduon, Aueimt Jtonarchitt, SI, ITS ; Dimorirtit m Sirimi, Latabd, VS ; XiiuetA and 
Babglon, LaijuiD, J. P. Niwiuv; Fitlaca in Mnnth Rettortd, Feiiodbob. "Jonah," J. K. 
Chevhi, in TTuologieal Secieu, xlv, KlI; C. E. Siuwi, in SMioth4ea Saem, x, TSS. " Sign of 
tiie Prophet Jonas," Mttluidut <iuaritrly, v, ti% " Nineveh," C. Coi^lins, in Mahoditt tfwir- 
terlg, jiv, IIS. " Sailors' Supantitions,'>FuKMAH,Aiiui-A<wtQ/S(M(ir(uuuriaM<ff^iuto>iu,Sll, 
" Vows," FuiMAK, Baadr^xtot of BiiU Manntn and Otutomi, Sfil. 

a. TO BSBMONB Aim ASDRZSBX8.— 71i> I^htt Jonak ; Sit Lift and Ckaraetrr, 
by HaBTiH-FuRBAniH. The Sea OaptainU GaB, Talxaoi. TAt SUtptr Awaktntd, £. 1'atsov. 
LiAor in lain, SmaaioH. DiSeuli Souiing, Talmaoi. 



April 26, 1891. 

LESSON IV.-April 36, 


QOIiDEN TBXT.— Tha tnMi Of NlBAvali ahftll ria« up In tha Judgment with thla 
sensrstlon, and Hball oondamn It: for tliay rap*nt*d *t tha prattohlnc of Jan«a; 
And, behold, a graatar tban Jonaa la b«r«.— Luks ii. X. 


TDCB.— Probably In tbe ninth century before Christ. See Lcaaon III. 

FXiAOX.— Nlnareh, The pAnllelogram in central Anyria covered. irlth the 
buildinga ha* Ehoraabod, north -eaaC; Koyunjik and NebU Tuniu near the Tigris, north-west: 
Nimrud, between tha Tigris and Zab, south-wcat; and Karamleaa, at a diitanoe inward from the 
Zab, south-east, from Kojunllk to Ninui>d is about eighteen mllea, from Khorsahad to Karam- 
leaa the same, frixn Kayuijlfc to Eboraabad thirteen or foarteen mile*, from Kimmd to Karam- 
leaa fourteen milea. — BItU Oommtniarj/. See article and map of Kihbtkh, I^ssHm in. 


1 And the word of the Lord came 
unto Jo'nah the second time, saying, 

% Arise, go unto Nin'e-veh, that great 
city, and preach onto it the preaching 
that I bid thee. 

S So Jo'nah arose, and went unto 
mn'e-Teh, according to the word of the 
LoKD. Now Nin'o-veh wa8Mi*e] 
great dty of three days' journey. 

1 And the word of the Lobd came 
nnto Jo'nah the second time, saying, 

3 Arise, go unto Nin'e-Teh, that great 
city, and ' preach unto It the preach- 

8 Ing that I bid thee. Bo Jo'nah arose, 
and went unto Nln'e-Teh, according 
to the word of the Lobd. Now 
Nin'e-veh was 'an exceeding great 

L JONAH'S RBPEMTANaB. Var««« 1-4. 
1, 3. The aeoond tlmft— IJks St. Peter (John SI. IS-ITJ, Jonah la not only forgiven, but 

reatonid to hij offl«, and noeives anew his oomminion. — Anxnu. 

Sal la loBc-uieriBf He does not BOeri; reject bim who has failed onoe, but latber dna hbn 
a new oppMlunltj of corr^ina former faullii.— Sun*. 

eoTi Binaase mui bm be aliens. See ILLcmBiTiOMS. It mvK he kItbu eoMttaj as tecelTed. 

llierefoTe an iDeiproolble responalbllltj reus upon the Smiilar-sohool teacher. 
3. Arose, and wrant-Bcfore, he aroee and Bed. He ii still tha Huns man. There is atill the 
aame energy and decision of oharaMcr. But he is now " as reaJy to obey u before to disobey." — 
ArawH. So oertainis he of his message, and so imprssned with the argency of his minion, that 
he inimediatelj begins to enter the city, before oblidning a survey of it, and commences to 
preach on the lint day's journey. His sermon ia short but powerAil : "Tet forty dsys and Nine- 
Teh shall be overthrown." Forty days Is here a round number, meaning alter a sliort time, whose 
term Jonah measures by the period of the deluge. — KUintrt. Xzoaedins great — Literally, grtai 
to Ood. Of thzsa daja' Jonmay— The moat probable and most generally received opinioD is 
that ifaeae words refbr to the circuit of Ninerah, and that the writer intends by them to ssy that 
the city was so large, that it would take a man, wslklng at the usual pace, three dnya to go round 
it. This would )(ive about uxty milea for its dreumfarenoe. — CanMdgi MbU. 

Jawob has nun tellowers In the way sT fllfhl Ihaa In Ibe way tt ofeMUence. 

Thepalk oriuly isthepath sfsafMy. 

Kdtber sla's eaorBlly nor ilnaer's rank ihon 


JOHAH 3. 1-10. 

Skcond QrAKTEo. 

4 And Jo'aah bej^D to enter into ihe 
city a day's journey, and ' h« cried, and 
niA, Yet forty days, and Nio'e-veh shall 
be overthrown, 

5 ^ the people of *Nin'e-Teh believed 
God, and proclaimed a faat, and put on 
sackcloth, from the greatest oi them 
even to the Iea«t of them. 

6 For word came unto the king of 

4 city, of three days' journey. And 
Jo nah began to enter mto the dty a 
day's journey, and he cried, and said. 
Yet forty dajB, and Nio'e-veh shall 

5 he overthrown. And the people of 
mn'e-veh believed Ood; and they 
proch^med a fast, and pat on sack- 
cloth, tram the greatest of them even 

to the least of them. 'Andthe tidings 


4. He cried, . . . Vet fOrty daya — He thrcateEU the overthrow of the city unoondiUaDally. 
YrotD the cveDt, hovever, it u dear that the threat vv to be undoratood vitli this oondidon, "nn- 
lees je chill iathe meBzitlTiiehaveiuneadcil your lifb and oODduct." Cninp, Jcr. IE. T, 8. — Bottn- 
mulUr. Ood'a threateniagi are always implied promiMS.—Uiffitri^ .SiM<. ThenaeofthB paiti- 
cipl«, literally, Ftt /ortf daj/i and Ninnih it ottrihroitn, is veiy forcible. To the propbef ■ eye, 
overloaking the short interval of forty days, Nioevehsppesn not a greatdty with walla and towers 
and pala^eB, and bosy mails and crowded thoroo^faret, but one vast mias of niins.— Aram*. 
It may be iskad whether the whole of Jonah's preaching to the Ninevitea conusted of this one 
Mntcnce mceauntly repeated. The sacrad text, taken ainipl; as it stands. Seems to imply that it 
did. We have, indeed, hers the spectacle of an unknown Hebrew, in a prophet's austere and 
homely attire, parsing throagh the splendid streets of the proudest town in the Esstem worid. — 
Ealiteh. To an Oriental mind (and Almighty Qi>d is wont to sdspt his meann to those whom 
they are to ruch) the umple, oll-repested announoement might be mora itsrtling thsn s labored 
address.— ftnmBA Simplicity is slways imptwiBi ™. They were fonr words which Ood caused 

robe written on the wall smid Bclshsx 

sll r 

yesrs before the war, when Jerusaletn was in complete peace snd sfllucnce, burat ii 
St ths feast of tsbemsclee with one oft-repeated ciy, " A voioe ttom tin east, s v<Hce tcoca the 
weet, a voioe fVom the four winds, a voice to Jenualem and the temple, s voice to the bride- 
grooms snd brides, s voice to the whole people ; " how he went tlirough all the lanes of the dty 
repesling, day end night, this one cry ; snd wben scourged until hia bones were lud bare, echoed 
every lash with " Woe, woe to Jenisiileni," sod continued as his daily dirge, and bi< one respouw 
to daily good or ill treatment, "Woe, woe to Jerutulem." The uia^stntea, und oven the cold 
Joaephos, thought that there wss something in it above nature. — Piaey. 

" Now : ** Spam proaqitly, ant delay sot. In God's kingdom every moment Is predous. The time 

wbenhepnlsUswafdfnthTmautbls tlieriAt time: not that which thou fandeit toctbsaeU.— 


S. B^ieved Ood— Or, btlUvtd in Ood. Three things Ibclr fsith oertfinly embrsesd. 

rs sa the true God. They b< 
They believed in his mercy and willingnosa to forgivs 
1 faith in heathen, contrasting favorably with that of the 

They believed in the Ood of the Heb 
cute the thrust which he had held ant 
the penitent. And this wss marvelou 
chosen people. — Camiridga BibU. 

Tme rcpcManee will alwsye be cvMenceJ by nvlta. See IlldsiUTIOSS. It Is, simply. Uta 
turning wlib revnlslan of bean Item csie'i evil ways, and Is slways acceptable to God. ** To do so 

It before OoJ. TU Unjr and the beKgar must slUe repent, or be 

8. For -word cams unto— Esther, and tit Udittfi reaehtd, ss in the Bevised Teirion. 
Tlie tide of peuitence snd humilistlon rose higher and higher, till it reached and included tbe 
king and bis noblet, and what had been done by spontaneous setion or locsl authority looeivsd 
the flnsl sanction and imprimatur of the central goverament Which ever view be adopted tbe 


Jonah 3. 1-10. 

Nin'e-veb, Mud he aroae from his throne, 
and lie luid his robe from him, and 
covered Aim with tackcloth, ' and sat in 

7 And ' he caused it to be pmclaimed 
and ^published through Nin'e-voli by the 
decree of the king and his 'nobles, say- 
ing. Let neither man nor beast, herd nor 
flock, taste anj thing: let them not feed, 
nor drink water. 

8 But let man and beast be covered 
-with sackcloth, uid cry mightily unto 

reached the king of Nin'e-veh, and 
he arose from Im throne, and laid his 
robe from liim, and covered Mm with 

7 sackcloth, and sat in nshes. And he 
made proclamatioa and ' published 
throuf^h Nin'e-veh by the decree of 
the king and his nobles, saying, Let 
neither man nor beast, herd uor flock, 
tsate any thing: let them not feed, 

8 nor drink water: but let them be 
covered with sackcloth, botli man 

litenl translation should be ntained.—Cantiridgt Biblt. He arose from his tbTona — It Ii 
Id favor of the view that tha people did not wait for the royal edict lo commcDce their Hist, that 
the king himself Kerns to have been the subject of inunoiiiato and Btrorut emotion, as soon as the 
tidings iHched him. He first, as by a reaiaileaa impulse, humbled himself to the dint, and then 
tcx>h measuRH, out of the depth of hia hnmiliiitiou, Uiat his subjects should be humbled wit)i bim. 
— ^^Totcyu. The thrones, or ann-eluin, supponed by aninuili and humsn %ure8, tcsomble these 
of the ancient Egyptian^ and of the monamenlsof Kouyai^ih, Khomabsd, and Peraepo1i-<. The; 
also remind us of the throne of Solomoo, which had " stuya " (or irais) on either aide on the plnoe 
of the seat, " and two lions stood by the sUya; and twelve lions stood tbere, on the one aide and 
on the olher, upon the aix steps." 1 KingH 10. 19, SO. — Laj/ard. 

7. VtMimame — The word here used is not properly a Hebrew word. It oooors ft«queDt]y 
Id the Chaldee of I>aniel and Ezra to denote s mandate or decree of the Babylonish and Fenian 
tnonsrchs. Dr. I'it—g rightly sees in the employment of it here a proof of Iho " aocuraaj'' of 
Jonah as a writer. Aiidhia nobles — Literally, Au^rtaiomi, orgnmdeea. Prov. IB. IR. Wehavea 
■imilar osiKiciiition of hia noUes with himeelf by Darius the Mede, when ha caused the slone 
which was lud upon the month of the den into which Daniel bad been east to be sealed " with 
his own signet and with the signet of his lords, that the purpose might not be changed concern- 
ing Daniel." Bot it would be unsafeto infer from this passage that the nobles were in some manner 
coiudtotionaUy connected with the government of the kingdom, and thus tempared its arbltnri- 
nesB, IS we know now trom the monuments, no less tlum from the teoords of history, that the 
Assyrian monarT:h was a thorough Eastern despot, unchecked by popular opinion, and having 
complete power over the lives and property of his subjects, rather adored ss a god than feared as 
a man. — KaiUeit. Sarins — The decree, thus introduood, extends to the end of verse 9. — Can^- 
bridje SMi. Haither man nta baaat . . . taste an^ thing— The brute creatures share in the 
evil eteeta of man's un (chap. 1. 11; Bom. 8. SO, SS]; so they here, aocording to Easlara 
custom, are made to share in man's outward indications of humiliation. The extension 
of the fast to alt, and of the aockdoth to some at least, of the animals in Nineveh, Is probably 
without exact parallel in extant hinlory. But the description in the text is quite in keeping 
with the common instinct and practice of mankind. Men think it strange that the horsea at 
Kineveh were covered with sackcloth, and forget how, at the funerals of the rich, black hones are 

chosen, and are clothed with black velvet Puttj/. The description of the mourning here given 

is very affecting. That the irrational animals should be represented as partaking in it is fur from 
unaatural. — Hindtrton't Commtntary. In the extreme case of tf ineveb the instinct may well have 
been indulged to an extreme. 

We AooM «e«k Ike Lot* FsrncMly. Bee IIxcSTRAtiojrB. 

Lcmders !■ matStfj aX r«lllks ■IwaM Iw lewlcri In rvliston. 

B. And ery mlshtHf — These words aro to be restricted to " man." They do not inolnde, 
a* some have thought (mmp. Joel 1. IB, £0), " beast " as well. The addition " mightily " fkvon 
the restriction, and so also does the exact order of the Hebrew : " Let them t>e clothed with aaek- 
eloth, man and liesst (the parenthesis la Inserted here as qualifying what precedes only), and let 


JoMJlH 3. 1-10. 

Secoxd Qv 

God : ^ea, let them tnni ' every one from 
hU enl way, and from the violence that 
w in their hands. 

« Who CBD tell if God will turn nod 
repent, and tnm awaj from his fierce 
anger, that we perish not I 

10 And God saw their works, that 
the; turned from their evil way; and 
God repented of the evil, that Le had 
■aid that he would do unto tliem ; and he 
did it not. 

and beast, and let them cry mightily 
unto God: jea, let them torn every 
oiie from his evil way, and from the 
violence that is in theu hands. Who 
knoweth whetlier God will not torn 
and repent, and torn away from his 
fierce anger, that we perish not I 
10 And God aaw their works, that they 
turned from their evil way ; and God 
repented of the evil, which he said 
he would do unto tliem; and he did 


a ram— Tho 

n the repenluiGe of hMthen Kinovch Is very ■trikinji. Complete as 
of hamilUtian, the kuig'tdeone Imp] iei that it would tM wonhleaa without a < 
rafo^mition. The tenth vene toll* lu thaL it was to this that God hud respect. Tha vi 
Uiat is in thalr hands — " Tioienoe " was their chief Bin, as all we learn of the AMyiiam, b> 
from aocted and aecolar history, show*. Comp. ftah. S. 11, 13 ; S. 1, and La. 10. IS, 14. 

9. Ood will ram— Literally, tkt Ood ; that Is, the one supreme Uod. Thie aeknowledn- 
msnt by the Asayrlans of Jehovah, the Ood of the Jews, an "the God," ia all the more rcinarkable, 
becaoMil iicontnrj toallelM we know of them. The prapliel Nohum declares diotinctiy, among 
other menaces pronoanced againat NioeTch, " Out of the lioiue of thy godn will I cut off Iha 
Ktaven inume and the molten image." 1. 14; comp. S. 1. The Booka of Kings Mate by name 
the Kaatem idok, Nergst and Aablma, Nibhai and Taitak, Admmmeledi and Anammdeoh. 
S KinKS IT. BO, SI. See ilw i Kings IS. 92, SO, IS, St. All Assyrian moniunenti and iccords 
disoloae thia lame vast pantheon of four thouaaud deilia. 

(is4** ■■ pnparty la bIwbj* !• haie awniT.'' See iLLCSTBUiOaS. 

m. aoiys rbpbntahob. ▼•»• lo. 

10. And Ood aaw thslr wroilu— What worka I Kot aackeloth, not aihes, not faatinx, 
tbr Jonah does iiot noir mention theae; but he had ii>3pcct to tlieir works, becaose they 
tamed from their evil ■wt.y.— CaUin. Dear brethren, aackcloth sod bating avail nothing, bnt 
repentanee and good works. — Talmvd, Worka meet for lepentaooa will infallibly lecare tho 
nversal of UireatenM and impending doom. Ood'a immutability is that of principle — not of plan 
and action. He immutably haCea and puniahea ain ; hence, when a ^nner becomes a penitent, 
(tod tnniB IVom threatened lengeauce to free pardon. — Cowltt. To what extent the repentsnoe of 
the Ninevilca was genuine in ita character, and how long the refonnalion of roannen hef« 
■pedfled lasted, we are not infonned ; but there is reason to fear It was of nhort cODtinuouCO, fot 
alter their dty had been besieged for three yean by Arbacea the Mode, it was taken and d«- 
■tioyed. Thus fell the ancient Awyrian dynasty, and gnvo place to that of the Medo, which 
oontinued till the lime ofCynxares, when Nineveh, nliich had been rebuilt, was again deatroysd, 
and Anally oeaeeJ to be an impcrinl roiidcncc. — Banvn: 

ttreateralnBers UuB IbeNlaeTliea. Tbat KIneveh was converted wai a wonder. Wini us lt!l 



God's message most not be altered. Ter. 3.— Said Bobert Monia to Dr. Hush: 
" 1 like that preaching best which drivea a man into the comer of hia pew, and maka him think 
the devil is after him." 

In ISTO Bourdaloue preached belbre his aoverdgn. Having deaoribed a alnoer of the flrat 
magnitude, he turned to Louis XIV., and in a voice of thunder cried : " Thou ait the man I " 
After the wrmon he tell at the feet of the kin([, saying, "Behold one of thy most devoted servants, 
but in thepulpitheowQSnoothernuster than the £ing of kings." 



Apeii. 26, 1891. LESSON IV. Jonah 3. 1-10. 

PuDt Jsans Chriat npoa your cinvss, and then bold him up to the people ; but to hold him 
up thil Dot eveu your little fluKer can be (ceii. — Dr. J^tj/toa. 

Nelt^r*U>*eBonnUrBorainiier>«rank(hoiildblad«rAdelitr>T'er. 3.— Adying 

noblemui onoeeent fbr hit puslor and uid to lilm: " Do you not know Ihat my lirehu been 
lieeDtloUB, ind that I have violiited tho eoinmandmenta of God I Yi;t you BiT4r aamid nu of-atf 
dagger !" The clergymnn replied : " Yes, my lord, your life was not unknown to mv, but fear of 
offending you deterred me ftuin icprovinj[ you." " How aruol 1 " aaid the dying man. "The pro- 
Tiaion I made for you and your fkniily ought to have insured fldolit;. You Iiave neglected duty, 
and DO* my aoul will be lout : " 

The Eer, J. Howe, on« convening with a nobleman who awore profanely in oonveraation, 
cipnsaed great uliBfaction in the thought that God governi the worhl, nnd will finally make n 
(litTerence between him that Bweareth and him thatlearetli to takean oath. Hid lordship snKwered, 
" I thank you, air. I take your meaning, and Khali make a good uae of it." 

Trne repentance will nlway* be evidenced by nulls. Ter> S>--Ur. Moody 
tella of hnving imkcd a toldier for tlie proceiw of his convenion. His grapliio nnewor was: 
"Ualtl" " Attention I" "Riiflit-aboul-foco I" '■ March 1 " 

A captain at sea perceive* that the BteemmiiD ia ateehng the ahip direct fbr the rocka. 
How is tlia danger to be kvoidedl By s<^rnbLilng the decks, or setting the men to the 
painps T Xu ! Tliese things era good enough, but If the ship is to be Mtved lior oourso must be 

The moral of tho Eastern tale isperUnent. Nouijshad delivers himaelf up to luxury and riot. 
Uo (brgeta thersaia distresses among his fellow erauturw. He lives for himself till his )i<airt becomes 
as bard sa his colfers. At last he is awakened to peintence, and looks with shame on his past 
life. One thing remains wltliin his power, and (hat he will do at ortoe— expend liis riches in 
relieving distress. Kor does be rest till lie has found out and restored to proaperily every fsniily in 
Onuui whotn calamity bad overtaken. — Jatox. 

We sbonld aeek tbe Lord eameatlT. Vers. T, 8. — A torrible cyclone swept 
over a small city and carried deatli and destruction In its ]>athwny. Bcores were taken out of the 
wreck, bmiied and dying. Among the number was n lady of great wealth, who saw that her 
race waa run. Bhe sent fur a minister, and when l<e arrived cried oat in agony of soul, " O, 
pray for my immortal soul ! " As tender hands sought to relieve her bodily pain she said : 0, 
let my body alonel Pmy that my soul may escape tlie awfbl doom I see bofore me." 

A man said to me the other night Sn Ilie inquiry room: "Mr. Moody, I wish you would tell 
mo why 1 can't And the Lord." Said I : "I can tell you why you can't find the Lord." " Why 
ia it!" " Why you liaven't sought liim vith a)) your heart. Tbe Scripture tells me, ' Ve shall 
And me when ye seek for me with all yoar iMri.' " — Moodg. 

Every human being hits something very precious In his custody — hit own ind. Vou will 
lose it, unlen you are deeply in earnest. The miners in the gold Selds of Australia when they 
have pithetvd a large quantity of the dust make fur the city. The ming ia fiirin the interior of the 
country, wild, and infeeted with robbers. The miners keep the road, march in compnny, anil keep 
close to the guard sent to protect them. Where great treasures are at stake we can run no risk, — 

Bunyon represented Pilgrim as patting his Snuem in his oars, and crying at the top of hla 
voice: "Life I eternal life!" as lie fled tVomtbo City of Dcstnidion. 

God's ** property Is always to bare nercy." Ter. 9.— He pardons like s motlier 
ivbo kiwea the offenie into cvtriiiKting forKetfulness.— /fiff^r. 

Lincoln's door-keeper had etantling orders f>oin him that no matter how great might 
Ijc the (hrong or wliat senators liod to wait or be turned sway withoal an audience, h* taunt U4 
Ijcforo the day eloscd entry nuttingtr who came to him toiW a prtUion/or Iht meing o/lj/i, — 


A Welsh minister, speaking of the barial of Hoses, said : " In tliat burial not only was 
the body buried, bat also the grave and tbe grsve-yard. This i« how God's mercy buries oar 

" God ia love " Is the motto on the weathercock of a country friend. He was asked if ha 
meant to imply that the love of God was as fickle as tlio wind. " No." he naid, " 1 mean that 
whiclievcr way the wind blows God Is love." — Spurgton. 


Jonah 3. 1-10. LESSON IV. Second Quartkb. 


1. 1!b» Freaober. Notice thia raan who was choicn to deliver Uod's ToertAge. 1.) A 
nuut .' Qod Bpeaks ta men tlirough men, not through ttnjtel"' 3.) A /orgietit tinner : Jonah hnd 
twted of both the divine anger und the divine rori;(ivone»s. tiiH experiunoe lltted liim for hie 
miBsion. S.) A oillid man : " God had chosen liiin, trained him, called him Co his work." Such 
are Iho men whom tiod sends forth to bu liui preacliors. 

2. The Plaoe. Draw a map of Niaoveli, ithowiDg the fonr dties which were united ia itH 
walla. Show a. picture of tb pHlno3B or sculptures, if one can be obtuined. Tell a little of itn 
story, Slid stjite the chsmater of iu pcaplo. Nineveh repreeonls a world in siu, M which tio<I 
sends the meaisage of wsmmg and of nierc^. 

8. The Prsachlng. Notice : 1.) Its direetnass ; iio ooncilistory words, no enmprainise with 
sin. 2.) Its stemaesi ; tio promisa extended, aimply warning of wnth to eotne. How much 
loftier are our privileges in receiving the good news of redemption. 

4. The Penitenoa. Oheerve the elomentH of a true rppontnnce. 1.) Believing the word. 
3.) Confession of Rin. 3.) Turning llvm ain. i.) Secliing the Lord. In every revival of relig- 
ion and in uvcry conveniion these elements may be noticed. 

K. The Pardon. God bad made no promise of mercjto this people, yet he aaw their repent- 
anco. Whan men repent of sin, then God repents of IiIh wrath. God never rejects those who 
cast themselvea upon hin mercy. Nineveh was a monument of divine grace. 

1. TO BFS!CIA1.8nBJ210T8.— "Grandeur of Nineveh," Geieie, y/curs vi(A Ot SOU, 
iv, 2TT, 2T3, 424. ThroaM and Ihlaca of Babylon and A'lnfuth, Bisiiop Niwuah. Jtiatit 
Attgrian DUcoteria, GiaRas Smith. "Nineveh," Stanlet, Jeteiih Chureh, ii, tV>, 41S. 
" Jonali's Mission to Nineveli," Mabtin. '■ Jonali'e Misaion Tiewed in Connection with the 
Prophet's Own Times," FuKBAiitK. "Jenah in Nineveh," C. E. Stows in SiiitVt Bibl4 IHe- 
tionarf, 144S. " Moslam Tradition as to Jonah's Uission to Nineveli," Thing* Xot Gturallg 
JTiKHcn, ITO. >' The Effeot of Jonah's Prcacliing," QziEii, Hoart with iAt SiiU, iv, ISfi, 188. 
" Nineveh's Repentance," Tuohiok, Land and the Book, i, 9S, 100. " Man and Beast in Bock- 
cloth," Tl-ci, ffandiook of BiiU DiffleuUitt, !2T. " I'ublie Fsst* ; Object snd Method," Eduis- 
liam, The TrmpU, SV&. " The Diiivcnml Brotherhood of Man Taught by Jonah's Mission to 
Nineveh," Geikie, Houri teilh the BibU, iv, 18B, 187. " Jonah's History," Stanlkt, Jtuii4h 
Church, il, 888-390. " The Secret of Jonah," Saml«l Cox, ezpotitiom, ii, 75. 

9. TO SEBHONB AND ADDBSSStS.— Tht XneU of Ninet,ih, by TAtiuai. Tht OritU, 
Datib. IX< Or«i*«r «att JiMiu, Melville, ii, 4ia. The Hittory of Jonah. ioHV ¥<irtaii,\,l^. 
Work* MtUJor .««penia(««, Bekoheb. Mittakit Cortarniag Rrpintamx, Hobabt, iv, 91. J&- 

ptntanct a J^eliminary CoaJition of Salealioa, W. Tatlok, 1, Tl, Bl. 

LESSON v.— May 3. 


of Auio* was in Tekoa, in tlie oountry of Judsli, sod he was a shcplienl whom Jchovali 
csllod to prophesy ooneeming Israel. He seems to have pmplieHlod during the contanipomi]' 
reigns of Jeroboam II. and Uzziah ; but his prophetic lifo was of siiort duration. He was a con- 
tempiirary of Isaiah and Ilosca, but was younger than Joel, of whoso praplieoies comnientBton be- 
lieve he made miieli use. At the time tliat Amos was sont inlo Israel tn propliosy that kingdom 
was tn the lenith of its power, as tlio couqueels of Jeroboun over the neighboring nationa liad 



.Mat 3, 1891. 


Auos 4. 4-1.1. 

TcMored tt to its uideiiC limib. But wit 
-obMTvei, "When the coiuequencee of thi 
nitiotu) Tirtuo, but priJe uid luiurj ■□ ivory pulBooe, < 
Ai Qilgal uid Bath-el, and taniga idoutriea nrMnlcwh 
St UDgnteAil Israel, luJ uttered its 

proepoHty came ooTruption, and, ba Dr. Milman 
I viclcries vera Dot ■ holler vorahip, purer moraln, 
pulBooe, oppresHton of the poor, nnUvful BaorlBeei 
id ChemOBh, the honeft prophet set bis 
doom." The Boob of Amos consista of 
9 chiplere, b^ifiiiiiltig wltli > prophetlo denuuciation of 8jrii, PhllietlB, Tyre, Edom, md 
other heMhen iiattODe, od kccouot of their cruelty in the oppression of Israel. Next, Judab i« 
deooaneed for its contempt of tbodlTine lav; and then Israol Is iddrcssed in a Blmilar manaer. 
*' The thondar-BtoriTi," as Rutitrt poetically eiprsBses it, " rolls over all the Burroimding bing- 
doma, toucbea Juduh in Its proj^ress, and at length aettlm down upon Israel." — Witlim. 

4 Come ' to Beth'-el, and ^ 
at Gil'gaL 'muttipl; traaBgression; and 
' bring- jour sacrifices every morning, and 
jour titlies after 'three years; 

5 And ^oSer a sacrifice of thanks- 
giving with leaven, and proclaim and 

Sublisti the 'free oflerings; for "this 
keth you, O ye children of Is'ra-el, aaith 
the Lord God. 

4 Cometo Beth'-el, and transgress; to 
Oil'gal, and multiply transgression^ 
and Dring your sacrifices every morn- 
ing, oTui your tithes every three days ; 

5 and ' oSer a sacrifice of thanksgiving 
of that which is leavened, and pro- 
claim free'Will offerings and publish 
them : for this liketh you, O ye chil- 
dren of Is'ra-el, saith the Lord OoD. 

I. TRARSaaBSaiON. Tonea 4, 6. 

4. OouM to Beth-al, and tranaran — This refers to the golden calves, wbiob were the 
■aane of all "the tranagreesions of larael" (1 Kings IS. ti; 18. 2), though larael thought 
that by them their cranagreaslona were atoned fbrand God's fuvor secured. — JbtHsaf. "You 
-will not amstOod'ajudgment by your idolaCroua worship, eagerly aa you may punuatbat vorahlp. 
Bocb HigcrDeBS is only an etilargment of yonr sin." This thought is eipr«Baed in a manner bit- 
terly ironical by a aummona to greater leal. Oilgal was, like Beth-el, a seat of idol-worship. 
Sea Hoe. 1. 15 ; 9. IS ; IS. 11.— SekmoiUr. Brlns tout wwriflOM ererjr mamluc—Aa com- 
manded in the law. Sam. S3. S, 4. They imitatod the letter, while violating by calf-worship 
the spirit, of the Jemaalem temple-woraliip. After three ysan— Bveiy third year. The 
InaelitsB here also kept to the letter of the law in biinging iu the tithes of their iacre«ae every 
third year. Deut 11. 38 ; ii. IB. — I^uuti. Thn subject of the calf-vorahip la treated at greater 
length in Iisaaon II, Firat Quarter. 

6. Oflte — Literally, hint inettttt; that ia, "ofTar a saeriflc« of thanbspTJng with bamt 
iiumm, and with leavened bread." The frankincensa was laid on the meat-oSering, and 
taken by the priest fh>m it to bum on the altar. Lev. 9. 1, S, S-11. Though vnltactatd caia 
were to aocompony the peaoe-offering saeiiSoa of animals, teontntd brtad was also commanded 
<Lev. T. 13, 13), hut not oa a " iDeat^fferlng." Lev. i. 11.— Bitlt (hnumtnlarg. Publlah 
tlie tree offbriikgB, etc — The proftiaenesa of idolaters in the aervioe of their fahie gods may 
*hame our iCrait-haadednnp in the service of the true and living Qod. — M. Rtnry. To Che 
same eflet;t they have just been told instead of being conUnt widt imleavened cakes to offer 
alao cpon the altar even the Imvened loaves, which were not required by law to be consumed. 
Lev. T. It, 14. And BO with the tVee-will offerings. Instead of leaving theae to sponlaaeous im- 
putMH, they in their exnggeratod zeal ea&td out for them, published them. — ScAmolla; Kila 
liketh Ten— That is, this ia what ye like.— /biuH<. 

Oofanerey b oftm rorsoIMn aail sbwe^. See Illubtkation. Shilnk not from maKIng per- 
Bonal application or ttils truth. How onen have your sctiolars tonrotten sikd abused It 1 

Mere xeBi caanot aloaa for wtmts-taing. Nobody to-day li more lealous tluui wen the tdd 
I>barlBses whom Cbrlit curaed. God deuiands parity ot heart In hii worAlpoa. Tba "form of 
godUnev without tba power " Is bslelul (o him. HavewebothT 



Amos 4. 4-13, 

Second Qita.btbb. 

6 And I also have given * you clean- 
neas of teeth in all jour cities, and want 
of bread in all joxa places : * jet liave je 
not returned unto me, ioith the Lord. 

7 And also I have witbholden the rain 
from jou, when <A«re men yet three 
months to the harvest : and I caused it 
to rain upon one city, and caused it not 
to rain upon another citj : oue piece was 
rained upon, and the piece whereupon it 
ramed not withered. 

8 So two or three cities wandered unto 
one city, to drink water; but tbcy were 
not satisfied : jet have je not returned 
unto me, saitb the Lord. 

9 I ' have smitten you with blasting and 
miidew: 'when your gardens and your 
vineyards and jour fig-trees and your | 
olive-trees increased, the palmer-worm 

And I also have given yon cleannesft 
of teeth in all jour cities, and want of 
bread in all your places: jet have yc 
not returned unto me, saith the Lobd. 

7 And I also have withhotden the rain, 
from you, when there were jet three 
months to the harvest: and I caused 
it to rain upon one city, and caused it 
not to rain upon another dty: one 
piece was rained upon, and the piece 

8 whereupon it runed not withered. Bo 
two or three cities wandered unto one 
city to drink water, and were not sat- 
isfied : jet have ye not returned unto 

9 me, saith the Lord. I have smitten 
jou with blasting and mildew; the 
multitude of jour gardens and your 
vineyarda and your fig-trees Hnd your 

k. riiuH-. 

n. lUBOIPUHB. VarsM 6-11. 

6. From thia vene to the eleventh, iDcluaive, Jehovah dsscribee the different oorrective 
mcasurea vhicli he had emplofed for the purpose of effecting » chui|^ in the brwliles, uid at 
the cHoae of e«oh meotioned in the Mrien the obetinate impenitence, under the influence of which 
they ponuBteil in their wicked oouroei, is emphatically marked by the declaradon rot have ya not 
returned, unto mo, saitli the Ziord. Such repetition g^ves great force to the reprehension. — 
Hauiaton, Oleannau of teeth — Expl^ned by the parallel, want of bread. The (amine 
alluded U> ii that mentioned in S King* S. 1. — SroUv. Where there is no food to maatiuite 
the teeth are fiee from unctoanncss, but it is the oleannes* of want. Comp. Prov. Ii. 1, " Wlicre 
no oien are, the crib is clean." 8o spiritualty, where all is outwardly sniooth and clean. It is 
often becauas there is Do solid religion. Better fightings and fean,' with real piety, than peace 
and nepecUUe decorum without spiritual life. — I\nuMt. 

Out aeni* e*l«mlli« u bbicIi to beckra >■■ heareBwara. gee iLLUSTaiTIONS. There are ne 
" aceidsDU " or "chances" In JUe. AR our eiperlenoea God oddItoIIi and all IbatOod sends us 
Is "In mercy Blven." 

Han has (he rowM to r«|ec« all 4lTlBemerclei anil warBlngi. Vers. 8,8, B,1C^11. "Todecy Uie 
treedam ol evil," layi FVoude, " Is to make morallly Impoaalble." 

7. Wlthholden the rain . . . thi«e months to the harveet — The time when rain 
was roost needed, and when unually " the latter rain " fell ; namely, In spring, the latter lulf of 
February, and tiic whole of Uarcli and April. Hos. S. 3 ; Joel S. SS. The drought meant la 
mentioned 1 Eingn IT. 1. — Qrotiut. Bain upon oneoltT', . . . not . . . upon another — Any 
rain that fell naa only partiat. — Fa-uaei. This " withholding" is utterly ruinous to the hope.i 
of the farmer. A little earlier or a little laUr would nol be so fatal, but drought three montha 
before harveat a entirely deetructirc. — ThonwoTi. 

a. Thiee oitlBa wandered — That is, the inhabitsnts of three allies. Comp. Jer. 14. 1-6. 
(froijiKeiplainsthisverec, and ToisoT," The rain foil on neighboring oountricB, but not on Inrael," 
which marked the drought to tie not accidental, but the special judi^ent of God. — Fattuet. The 
Israelites were obliged to leave their oilics and homes to seek water at a dijilanoo.— Gi/ciu. 

9Sm Bui salUfactlOB ia sol go (ogrtber, gee Illdstbitions. The bomati soal needs Ood, and 

even It all tempoial Rood were secured. It wootd still ilarre wluiaul blm. 
0. BlaatiDg— The bUghtJng influence of the east wind on the com. Gen. il. S.—Faaart. 
A BpecieaofIocustisheremeant,huTtful tofmitsof trees,not toherbngeor com. 



deronred tAgm : jet have ye not returned 
unto me, i^tb the LoitD. 

10 I have sent amonff you tlie pestilence 
•after the manner of E'gypt; your young 
men have I alain with the sword, 'and 
have taken away your horses ; and I have 
made the stink of jour camps to come up 
nnto your nostrils: yet have ye not 
returned nnto me, saith the Lord. 

11 I have overthrown tcmt of you as 
God overthrew ' Sotl'om and Go'mor-rah, 
'and ye were as a Are -brand plucked oat 
of the bumine : yet have ye not returned 
unto mo, saith the Lord. 

olive-trees hath the palmer-worm de- 
voured; yet have ye not retumect 

10 nnto me, saith the IiORD. I have sent 
among you the pestilence after the 
manner of E'gypt: your young men 
have I slwn with the sword, ' and 
have carried away your horses; and I 
have made the stink of your cnmp to 
come up even into your nostrils: yet 
have ye not returned unto me, saith the 

11 Lord. I have overthrown wnwamong^ 
you, as when Qod overthrew Bod'om 
and Qo'mor-rah, and ye were as a 
brand plucked out of the burning: 
yet have ye not returned unto me. 

The lune east wind vhich brought ths drought, bUMinjit, uid mildew, brouelit abo Uia locals 
into JuduL — BiKiart. Of whatavdl arajndgnientat Men now are «s little Infloenoed by tliomVii 
lartcl of old. They do not believe theyarepanlshmenta, mueh Ium thit they are sent Tor thecatiiiW 
•■ai^ed. Tlief deem them aecMenCel, or eUe invent other otiue for droughts, floods, hail, cater- 
pillars, etc., in the face of the S<iripture wMoh exprcasly attributes such plagues to God. — IVaH, 
SittI, Ordinarily, God nuke* hta lun to arise upon the evil and on the good, and sends rain on tho 
juMindon the unjust, but he does not enslave hinueirto his own laws. There are variations, and 
in bl* word hereveslsto us the mesning of his duly variaUons in the workings of nature. — Patiff. 

10. PeatUenoa after the manner of Sgpjt — Snob as 1 formerly sent on the Egyptiani. 
Kiod. t. B, etc.-; 8, etc ; IS. Sf>; Deut. SS. ST, 60. Compare the same phrase, Iia. 10. H. 
— AoMtC. Tliough the plugne has from time Immemorial been epidemic in Kicypt, and might no 
br be deacribed as thi tray ijf Eggpl, yet, comparing lu. 10. SS, in which the same phnse ia 
used aa here. It obviously means, a> tXt Egyptiam inert tnaUd, or, as God punished them with 
the plague.— AfTDui. BUnk of tout oainps — That is, of vou 
Joel S. SO. — £Utt CommeHtarj/. 

11. I have overthrowTt — Tho eerthqnake is reserved ti 
viutation. It is at all timee the more terrible, because unseen, ui 
plete. The ((round under a man's feci nceins no lonijer seoun 
men's houMW become tlieir graves. The earthquake b1 
stiffened (i[ it were ho) in that, his last deed of c " 

Comp. Iso. S: 

J the Inst as the meet special 
laiinnanced, instanCslieous, com- 
9, hiH sheltflr is his destruction ; 
,t once buries, it may be, thousands, each 
aehold with its own form of evil, 
n its separate vault, dead, dying, cruehed, imprisoned. — Langi. Some of you— Some ports 
of your tenilory. — ^kle CommtrUary. Aa a flre-brand pluoksd out of the bumins — 
Comp. Isa. T. 4 ; Zech. S. £. The phnue ia proverbiiii far a nsrrow escape from utter extinction. 
Though Isnei revived sB a nation under Jeroboam II., it was but far & time, and that anor aa 
almost ulter deBtmclion preTioiuly. £ Kings 14. ii.— Fauna. To what physical pbenomena 
reference ia here made it is impOBsible to determine, owing to the absence Of ail historical data. 
Sotne think the eatthqushe mentioned in chapterl.S, Is intended; but tbia is altogethor ontof lbs 
qoes^on, since the propliecy waa delivered tna yenm before tliat event. From tlie allusion to fire 
it has been deemed probable that some of the citiea of the laraelilea had been burnt, ellher by 
lighming frorti heaven, or by the army of tho ting of Sjris. At sll events, that the language ia 
not to be nnderatood figuratively is evident fhim the doxe oonnectiou of the veisa with those pro- 
Oedlng, each of which describes a separata physical calamity, and cIoms, as thin one does, with 
a reprehension of the impenitence 1>y which the nation oiitlnucd to bo cbaraderized. — Stnder- 
toit'i Conwttntary. The comparison of tlie doom of Ephraim to that of Sodom andGomorruh is a 
general indication of the gnatjieaa of their punishment. Comp. laa. 1. B. The way in which the 
dwtmdion of the dtieaof (he plain ia apoken nf plainly refeni to Ocn. IS. S8, where occurs the 
the word "overthrow," which beoame the standing phrase to describe this fearful fate, Deut. 
S>. as ; laa. 1. T ; 13. IS ; Jor. ii. IS ; SO. 1/i.—£aw. 



13 Therefore thus will I do unto thee, 
O Is'm-el: and because I will do this 
unto thee, "prepare to meet thy God, 

13 For, 1o, he thnt fonneth the mount- 
aiiiB, and creatcih the (wind, "sad de- 
clsreth unto man what u his thought, 
that maketh the morui'ng darkneas, " and 
treadeth upon the high places of the 
«arth, "The Lord, The Ood of hosts, 
hJB Dame. 


12 aaitli the Lord. Therefore tbua will 
I do unto thee, O Is'ra-el ; and becatiae 
I will do this unto thee, prepare to 

IS meet thy God, Is'ra-el. For, lo, 
he that fonneth the mountaiiu, and 
createth the wind, and declareth unto 
man what is his thought, tliat maketh 
the moming darkness, and treadeth 
upon the high places of the earth; 
the LOBD, the God of hosts, is hia 

m. WAKNINO. V«nM 12, 13. 

19. Tharefore — As all ohnstlsementa hsvs fsllod to msks the« return to me. — SiiU O 
tary. Thai will I do unto thee — UoU, havloH said this, is silunt aa to wh^ be will do ; tliut 
so iBimcl, bsDgiiiK iu aunpcnsa, ss having before him aach sort of puniabment, which ue the mora 
terrible because he imagines them ana \>j one, ma/ tudeed repent, that God Infliot not what ha 
threatena. — JiroriM. AIL the' ineana that had been empla/ed to reform the laraelilea having 
proved ineffeetual, tliey are here euramoned to prepare for the Bnal Judgment, which was to put 
an end to their national existence. Comp. Eiak. 2S. it ; Heb. 10. 81. Individuals nugbt bj repenc- 
anoe obtun the forjclvenees of their pamonal tranagraaaions, and thus have their minds brought 
into ■ Btale In whiuh they would eqjoy aupport and oomfoit in the midst of national calamity ; but 
this wu all that could now be expected. — HtTUlaton't Commmtary. Frepaia to ma«t ttay 
Ood — To give full effect to this call, one of tha moat sublime and magnificent dcscriptjona of 
Jeliovah to be met with in Saripturo Is introduced in Torao IS. The purttcipiai fbnn of the five 
verba cmpio/ed 'by the prophet grBotiy enhances the lianuty of tlio paiKigo ; but it cannot Iw 
auoceasfully iinilatsd in a tnuulBiioD, 

Frepire la meei thy Qoi. Be who wrilea Ebeae Dotea muit meet God, and be who raada thRn. 
Eacb or tbe Interesting touUi to wbom It la taught mmt msel liim. " How caratul thea oUKbt 1 to 
live]" Point lo Iba Bavlaur aaUie wajof pniwUlon. 

ObMlaacy oTiln ihswa itlFlw4ii«Bar heart. Sea ILLUBTaircoHB. 

(.liaraMer leada lo Inal pemiaiieBcw. See Illdhtutioiib. 

13. Wlod — Kot as margin, "epiilL" Tha God with whom thou host to do la tha omnipotent 
Hakar ortbingi Htn, such aa tfae atiipendaoB mountains, and of things tooiublU to hi tun, though 
of poncrrui agency, as the "wind." — FatUHt. Ho that maketh tlie auroni and the dsrkneae. 
^Ktnnicott. Saolareth iiQto mam ... hia tbought— l■^u. 188. i. Yo tblnlc thai your 
eecret tboughM encape my cognisance, but I am the Searcher of hcans.^ — BMt C'lnnnMiilary. 
VakaUi tha momliis darknaaa. — Chaps. G. 6 ; S. i. Both iitcrsiiy, turning the snnabino 
into darkncM, and, flguruti vely, turning the prosperity of the ungodly inCn auddcn sdvenity. 
Johavah ippeiirs aa one who towcra above all created erastences, who rulca the higho-t apberea 
of might, against «bom, therefore, nothing can avul, around whom every tbiug stands 
ready lo execute his will. He la not the national Ood of Israel aloiio, but the G«l of the worid. 
Tfatlonal caiamitiea, according td our ctiapter, are to be viewod as chutiaemonts ftnm Qod. 
This view does not conflict witli tha existence of natural causes, but rocogniia Qod aa ihe 
Being in whose service thene act. It sees in the oourse of the world not the blind muclianiiim of 
« clock, but the work of a personal intelligent will. — SchmoUer. 

irQeihoiurhatiod aa he bJeaerlbel here to be. tt li foUf lo oonlend wltb Um, and our duty 
o mate our peace with blm ; It li good baring bim our MeDd, and bad baitag him 

ij.—it. 1 


Merry'i laM oSer. Bee IixnaTKATiDHl. 
Jit-dan- lor R 
his doom.— iHaXAioort. 

It Is a Kdemn Iblns to aay 


Ma,y 3, 1891. LESSON V. Amos i. 4-13. 


God's merer is oft rorsollDB and abosed> Vera. 4, 5.— A lanaat reCumJQK ftom 
church, vhaie he bad hnard the t«it, " The ox knowetli his owner," etc., went into his funn-jird, 
when > favorite cow came toward him to lick hie hand j and tlie fnrm«r, who hod been hitherto 
quite (ui nngodiy man, bont into lean as he thoujtht, "Why, that's it I Tliat poor creature Iiqowb 
me and is gnterul to me, and yet I have never thought of, nor been gtsteful to, God." 

Mr. Henry D. Onugh, a Maryland planter, was riding to one of his plantiiUaiui under a state of 
relifcious awakening. He heard the voice of prayer in a cabin, and, listoning, discovered that a 
K^ro from a neighboring eetaU waa leading the devotion of his own sIbvcb, and ofmng/emmt 
iianJoffMngi. His heart was touched, and he exclaimed, " Aloe, O Lonl 1 I bave my tens of 
thonaands, and yet I never thank thee as this poor slave doea wiio baa Hcarccly food to oat or 
clothes to near." — Slirini. 

Some men treat the Ood of their fathers aa they traai their ftther*! ftiand. They do not deny 
him. By no means ; they only deny thomselvea to him, when he ia good enough to call upon 
them.— J. C. and A. W. Han. 

Affllctloua are not accidental. Ver. A,— It ia not so much for the preaont life that wo 
■re called to bear the dlsciplino of auffaring aa for a fUtura state. While a man is stringing a 
harp he triea the strings, not for the music, but for preparuCion. When it ia finiahed ha draws 
out ita full hannonieg. Sod ia ever fashioning the heart for future and eternal joya. 

If Joeeph bad not been Egypt's prisoner be had never been Egypt'B govamor. The iron 
«IuunB about bia foot oabered in the golden cbaioa about hia neck. — Sicker. 

Obptinaoy In sin ahowa wiokedneas or heart. Ters. S, 8, 0, 10, II.— Near by a 
maaa of rook, which had aoma wild-flowers growing in its flaaum and die deadly fox-glove in its 
top, we came upon an adder baskinit in the aunahiiiB. At our approach the reptile unci»led Itaelf, 
snd, raiaing ita head with eyee like burning coals, it abowed its venomous fangs and gave signs of 
battle. AUncked, it retreated and warmed itself into a bole at the side of the f-ray stone. Jtahome 
was there. Looking on that shattered rook (kllen fVom its primeval elevation, with ita flowery 
bat fatal jcharms, the home of the adder, where nothing grew but poisoned beauty and nothing 
dwelt tnit a poisoned brood, it seemed an emblem of that heart which the word describes as a 
atone and the prophet pronoaoces desperately wicked. — QviKHt, 

h. gentleman once said to a wicked man, " You do not look aa If you had prospered by your 
wickeducAS." " I luive not," cried the man. " With half the energy I have spent 1 might iiavo 
been a man of property and character. I am a homeless vrrtttoh, have been twice in State's prison, 
and made acquaintance with all sorts of miseriea; but tny worA fmatkmeiit it in being vikat I 
•»."— CArirfioa jigi. 

Bin and tatltfactlan ia not go together, Ver. 8.— The world Imitates the torturo 
practioed upon the nibol, Hugh MaoI>anald, who was aerved with a pientif^il meal of salt prr>- 
TisioDs, and when, parched with thinit, he entreated for water, was tantaliied by a cup being let 
down to hini in bia dungeon, which, on lifUng the caver, he fbund to be empty. 

Tiberiua waa tbe absolute ruler of all that waa fairest and ricbeat in the kingdoms of tbo 
earth. There van no control to his power, no limit to hia wealth, and no reattaint upon his 
pleasures. Hia boms wan in one of the iovelleat ai>ota on the earth's surface. In one of the most 
■oltly delicious climates in the world. Pliny aays he was confessedly the moat gloomy of 
mankind. From this home of hidden iafamiea he wrote to Ills corrupted Senate, " What to write 
to you, or how to write, or what rwl to write, mag all Ihi jodi and goddaiu datroj/ mt aom 
Ikan I/tl tkty an daily daintyinf mt, if I know 1 "— /brmr, 

Character tende to flnal pernanence. Vera, S, 8, 9i 10, II.— At the mouth of 
the Misaisuppi how imposwiblo would it be to atny the flow of Ita WBteni,and to separate from each 
Other the drops of the various atreoms that have poured into it on either aide — ofthe Red lUver, the 
Arkamos, the Ohio, and the Missouri — or to sift, grain by groin, the particles of sand (hat have been 
wasfiedfrom the Alleghany or Bocky Mountain*; yet how much more impossible would it be whan 
character i* the river and habita are the sido-atroams ! — Btichtr. 

oir Isaac Nawten, when solicited to begin the uso of lobacco, replied, " I make no imtatiiia 
tar myself. 



Amos 4. 4-13. LESSON Y. Second Qlauteii. 

While Bbikinjt hands with Ml old iii«n one daj ve ootioeil that eome ol' liis fliiKen were 
bent quite inward, uul bg had notUie power of atnutthtening them. AUudiiijt lo this&ct, ho caid, 
" In theaa crooked fio^n there ia a good text. For over fifty jcan 1 used to drive a atage, and 
t/uMt bmt Jlngm ikmt (A* ^f/d of ioldiiig Ut rfini for an auiajr ytan." — CiriitiaH Aj*. 

IMd you ever watdi ■ aculptor dowly ftshioniog a human oountenauco t It is oot ntoldvd nc 
once. It ia paiaTully and laborioualy wrought. A thouwnd blows n>ug1i-ca<t it. Ten IbouaiDd 
ohiseUpoliah and perfect it, pat in the fine louehei,and bring out the features and the erprenkni. 
At laat the full likeneea stand* fixed and unchanging <n the solid marble. ^ does a man silently 
carve out his own moral imago, till at langtli it wears the likeness of God or the image of h 
demon. — Oi4ndtn, 

There ia danger of mlMlnt merer** ^»i oBcrt Ver. 13.— When the Cntnt 
Amtriea lioisted signals of diBtnsi a ship camo close to hvr. The ctptoin asked, " Whit a 
oiuinf " " We are going down ; tie by till tlie morning." But the captain said, " Let inc lake 
your passengera now." " Lie by till the morning," vaa Xht message asain. Once man the cap- 
tain renewed his samert entreaty, which was again renwod. An hour and a half afterward the 
lighlB were miiaing, and aha and all on board had gone down.— ^wr^it. 

1. Describe " tlie t>ii<i^ii aummar of larksl " to which this lemon belongs, tbe a|t« oT 
Jeroboam II., the fourth king of tlie house of Jehu. Under him Syria wus rcconquerBd, and the 
northern boundary of Israel brought near the Euphrates. But it wm an ei>och <if luxury, of 
idolatry, and orwichedncHK, bringing its sure resultto the nation. It might be well to liave the dan 
learn the names of tho Hvu kinga of this fiimily — Jehu, Jehoahsi, Joasli, Jeroboani, and Zediariali. 

3. Give some acoount of tbs prophet Ajnoa. 1) Ills Aotm, Tekoa, in Judah. near Betlile- 
heni. S) HiattotMH, a fanner and lierilxman, probably of humble origin ; ii<yV» cult lifts up the 
working-man ab<"'c princes. Sj Win ipkrn of U^r, not Judsh, but Israel, the kingdom ofthe 
Ten Tribes. 4) H^ ttyh, ta\l of Itluatrstions, especially of life In the country. 

S. Notice the alna rebuked In this lonaon. Those are declared in verses i and S. tiira< 1'it 
grast crime was the worship of idols. Jerolioam's sin (see Louon II, Fnt Quarter) brouglit taiih 
its l<^timsta fhilL All Israel ruahod into idolatry. Beth~ol and Gilgal wens Idol-slirine*. Hut 
our buslnees to-dav in with the idols which people worship to-dsy. What arc tliey I lluw ure 
they worshiped I Whatever sUnds between the aoul and Uwl is an idol, and niu»t be put auay. 

4. Observe the punishment to which Ismcl had been ful^ected on account of ila i>in. 
1} Fnmine, ver. S; t) drought, vers. 1, S; S) failuni of harvest, vcr. 9% 4i i-vx: Icnce, vcr. 
1 ; b) deftel in war, vera. 10, 11. Ail tliuso w«re tlie nisult of natural law. But nutunU law l* 
the divine mctliod ot dwlinK, for baoli of ull law God ia working. There sn <lo.rH »IU to the 
people to repentance and rotormation. What uro Clod's calls to men and nnlions now I 

e. Call attention to the mmlnc, verso IS, " Frepani to mcot thy God." The mlifbrtuunH 
and trials of earth are disdplinnry, but tlio punishment of sin will bo hcrciinvr. All souls must 
meet God. To some it will be a meeting of gladness \ to others a meeting of terror. What will 
your mooting bet 


1. TO SFSOUIi SUBJXOTS.— "The KuJe Stylo of Amos," Jerohe, quoted in 
Lanoe's Miror Fh/pheti, Jntrodaftion, p. 10. " InllucniM of Ilis Early SlieplK'r.1 Training," 
fusEV, in Lanoi's Hinor Frophttt, MroduMoa, p. II. " Uvth-cl," Wilvik, lai,'l' nflkr JliMr, 
li, i», asT-aW. " Damascus, Antiquities and Uialory," Kobikb<>;(, BiblimI Jt'^anAa in AfeXiw, 
lii, 4E1-4U; Kirro, Bible IlluHratiuat, H3, US, SAl. "GilKal," Ki)B1!(s.>k, i, 65T, 11, »]; 
THisTnAH, Tkt Land of hra/l, MA; Kmo, BiUe IIMorg, S41-343. " Siicritiees of Various 
KindA," KiTTO, aj«-:J60. "Otferings," Krrro, S03,S06,!ei, asa. "Altars, Stoncof Hciuorial," 
Kino, BO, £41-aiS. "Leaven Forbidden in Offbrings," Kitto, SSI. "Tho Fenst of Uttlus veiled 
Dread," KiiL, MaiMalo/ Bibit Areluiologg,\,f). " Early Kain," Kkil, i, SU. "iKracra Wor^iip 
of God," Keil, 1, 65. "Aimts," Kra, 1, 1ST. "High Places of Wurnhip," KxI^ II, li. 
" Tithes," KEI^ i, 448. '■ The Indian Summer of laruel," Gueii, Jloun Kith Iki BUti, iv, 
1T6-81*. " Luxury Growing out of I'rospority," Geikik, iv, ISit-lOI. " The Storv of .\m«s," 



May. 3, 18! 


Amos 4. 4-13. 

OiuiB, iv, 198. " The Fall of the Northera Kidgdonj," Glim, Sl*-a«. "Betli-el, the Se»t 
of C»lf-WorBhip," Gkihk, iv, 18. " Leaven," " Tithes," " Morninff Saoriflces," " BListlng and 
Mildew," Freemak's Hand-book. " Anio»," Staniey, Jetcitk Ckureh. ii, !W. "Mnral Comip- 
tloiB of the Kingdom," Stamlet, Jemiili Church, ii, 8«. " l*iilroer-wonn," " Honii of Ihe 
Altar," " Winter Houw," iiid " Summer Hou.-«," aea tlio IHetioaaiitt. 



TSS STTBBO U a UINOS OP THB L1I880N are ^milar to thom of L«M>on V. The 
3ta dale uannot he given. Amos prophceiod during tiie reign of Uiilah, King of Judah, and 
at of Jeroboain II., King of Urael. His phiinnena of speech gave groat offena*, ncd he *»» 
Larged with conHpiiu^j agmnst the king. Sea chiip_ T. 10, 

1 Thus hath the Lord OoD showed UDto 
me : and behold a basket of summer fruit. 

3 And lie mid, A'mos, what seest 
tliou t And I said, A basket of suianier 
fruit. Then said the Lord mito me, 
' The end is come upon ms people of 

1 Thus the Lord OoD showed me: 
ftud behold, a basket of smmmer 

2 fruit. And he said, A'mos, what 
seest thou ! And I said, A basket of 
summer fmit Then s^d tbe LOBD 
unto me, The end is come upon my 


1. A bMkat of Bummar fruil^Tbe Image of a 
people ripe for judgrneaC — SchmoUir. Head the last 
chapter. This vision maf be regarded aa a continuation 
of tbe Bubjsct, in the developuient of which the prophet 
was interrupted by Amoiiab. — HtntUrtea. 

All BBlBre ■■ aparaMe of JItlne Iraih. Centuries 
afterward the great T«cher used tbe moat ordinary 
InddenUoI vegetable, aolmal, aoclal. and pollilcal life 
as pegs on ivblcb to bang bis IoRt thougtats. Let u> as 
leacbera learu trum tbe Lord and Ills propbeti. 

3. Stunmer fruit — The Hebrew word is Ufiy and 
in verse 2 the Hebrew word for "end " is ixtit. The 
similarit; of sound implies that, as the mmmtr is the 
tnd of the year, and the timo of tho ripenoss of ftuits, 
■o Israel Is ript for her lost punishment, ending her 
national existence. As the fruit is plucked when ripe 
from the tree, so Israel from her land. — faauti. Heav- 
enly influences can but injure the ripened sinner, as 
dew, rain, sun, but injure the ripened fruit. — IlenilinoH. 
The and \a oome — Ezek. f . £, 6. 

OfpoMoHliln of MlTBden in not laat ntrenr. God's 
rrcj Is iDQnlte, but our life li mortal, and nnm Is the onlT day of aalvation. God la now looking 
wn upon ihli world ot busj human bulngs, and njlug of some ot tbem, as of Uie ancient Jews, 
wtti Dot again pass b; tbem aaj more.'* 


Auoe 8. 1-14. 

Second Qua.ktkk. 

people lB'ra-«l; I will not again pass 

8 by them any more. Acd the songs of 
tlie 'temple shall be howlinge in that 
day, Baith the Lord God: the dead 
bodies shall be many; >□ every place 
'shall they cast them forth with 

4 silence. Hear this, O ye that would 
swalbw up the needy, and cause the 

Is'ra-el; I will not again pass by them 
any more. 

8 And the songs of temple *shallbe 
howlinf;a in that day, saith the Lord 
God: there xhall he mimj dead liedies in 
every place; they shall cast them forth 
•■with silence. 

4 Hear this, O ye that swallow up the 
needy, even to make the poor of the land 
to tail 

5 Saying, When will the 'new moon 
be gone, that we may sell com? and 

■ EWI bnL IBt >il«L— cOr. BwO. | lOi.fulof., *0r. Jlu tL>^ ouiitmjtnli lidmil 

All «l>«ry b the cauvfuUK* ot iln, Ibougb not alvan Its dlrecl punlabment. Moral law Is u Im- 
DiDlable u pbTdcal lav : Bad H ons cannot n«ii from Uie brink ot a precipice Into the TBcant air 
wltliout dlsHaler, » one cannot turn 1q heart awa^ from God wlchout awful conseqaoncea. 
Exiremc Inlqnlir drawa down MnHnce upon ItHtlf. We cannot loo Irequently Impress Uila Initli 
on tbe bearts ot our scbolan. It Is dlOlcDlt to put elemal trutb Into plain language. We are apt 
to talk about Qod'i ludsmanta ai we mlgbt talk about a man's wblmalcal dedstans ; but tbe laws ot 

qusDceoI sla. Bee ILLuSTamoNS. 
8. Sonsa ot the t«mpla— Chap. 6. iS. Not the temple of Judab, but the Beth-«1 " rof al 
temple" {chap. 1. IS); for the allusion i» to Israel, not Judah, throughout this chapter. — 
PiiumH. SoDga become ho wlln*»— wherefore t The anawerfollows: Because of Ihe multitude 
of Che dead. The Hebrew here has tbe flialamalion Hvth.' — an admonition to bow boneath the tre- 
mendous severit; of the divinQ judgment. — Sehmoller, Just the reveraeof tbia prophecy is promised 
to the godly : "Blessed are ye that weep now, for ye shall laugh." Luke B. !1. With aUmioB 
— Instead of the pathetic elegies loudly sod contiououiily poured forth at princely funerals, notta'mg 
■liall be heard hut the finntio howl, announcing, but instntJtIy checked in annouodng, the greatoew 
of the disaster. Into such howtings the joyous songs of the temple were lo be converted. The dead 
bodies were to be cast forth indiscriminately, without any regard to the places when they might 
lie ; and even this was not to be cEFecled without expoeing those who perfonned it to the attacks 
of the enemy. Ueooe, silence was to be enjoiaed. — Barrom. 

81a brlagi aafferiag area Hw taaaceak Doabtlen ntanr wbo sang la the tample and aller- 
ward walled tbere were dneere warsblpars. Not ell tbe dead tbat were burled In illeaee were 
wicked men. But tbe guldanee ot Oa aailoa bad bean rellaqalibed to e*lt men. aod Ibelr 
erll deeds broasbt erll oonsequeoees on tlw unaggrenlTe rlt^teous people wbe ItTed under tbeir 

4. Hear — The nobles needed to be argod thus, as hating to hear reproof. — Biblt Oommaiiary. 
Swallow up the need7 — Or, goftafttr ; that ie, pant for thsir goods; so the word is used in Job 
7. S, margin. — ^OHUtt. To make the poor of the land to &il — They gmsp all piopetty for 
theoiseives. Comp. Job 2S. B ; Ita. 6. B.— ScAmoifer. 

Ool enlalna rare Ibr the poor. If jou are sdDgT ukd hard-bearted. God will punlih tod, and 
jou oeedeipeecno aiore reward for what mean men call generesltr Iban you expect for refraltdnc 
frommuRler. See iLLDHTaATioas. Tbe selAsb man Is one of Ibawont of elonen. It jau will 
take tbe inwble lo make a Itat of tbe " woes " <A tbe Blbte. lou will Sod tbat the greatest number 
<^ them, and tbe leTereac, are directed not against mnnlerara. or adulterara, or dniDkards, but 
■gainst tbose who malnlalned the outward forms of rellgloD while getting rlcfa at the eipeiBe at 
tbe poor. 

5. When irill the new moon be gone — The Fsalmiit said, When ahull I come and Bppoar 
before Oodi Tlieaeauld, When will God's aervioe be orer that we may be our own maslen 
a^in? — Sekiiu^itr. They cannot span a single day, liowevereaend.fVomgrcedilypiinuing their 
gain. Thej are straagers to Qod and enemiee to themselves who love market days better than 
Sabbath days : and they who have lost piety will not long keep honesty. The new moon (Kum. 



Mat 10, 1891. LESSON VI. Amos 8. 1-14. 

*tlie sabbath, that we maj 'eet forth 
wheat, making the ephah 'amall, and 
the ahekel great, and *falidf;ii]g the 
balances by deceit? 

6 That we may buy the poor for 
siWer, and the needy For a pair of shoes; 
yea, and Bell the refuse of wheat t 

7 Tlie LoHD hath Bwoni by* the ex- 
cellency of Ja'cob, Surely *I will never 
forget any of their works. 

may sell cornt and the sabbath, that 
we may 'set forth wheat) making 
the ephah small, and the shekel 
great, and dealing falsely with bnl- 

6 anCes of deceit ; that we may buy the 
poor for * silver, and the needy for a 
pur of ahoes, nnd sell the refuse of 

7 the wheat. The Lord hath awom 
by the excellency of Ja'coh, Surely 
I will never forget any of their works. 

10. 10) and Sabbith were to be kept without wnrking or trading. Neh. 10. 31. — Fauatii, Bet 
forth whsat — Litarall;, " open out " atom of wheat for sale. What Joseph did for the benefit 
of the poor, thcae did fbr their own advantage, making usurious )(uii> from otbera' povertj. With 
tbia the; united fraud, by diminiehing the aphkh and Increasing t)ie*li«kat — by demanding goid 
of greater vught than the right standard, and by talsifying the scales, using scales arranged so 
■> to cheat. — SiAmotUr. Even the idolalrooa Israelites still Icept up the observance of the limes 
and seasons appointed in the law of Uoses. The " ephah " wax a oom measure containing three 
MwAt, and, acoordlog to Josephus, equal lo the Attic nudimniu, or somewhst above three English 
pecks. It is nneetoln whether the word be originally Hebrew or whether it be Egyptian. It was 
originallj any piece of metal w^hed as an equivalent for what was bought ; but came afterward 
to signify atuidard money, and differed in value, according as it was of silver or gold, aud as it 
-d by the sacred or the royal standard. £iod. SO. It; E Sam. 14. li.—ff/ndtricn. 
rlcl banesty. Aee iLLnsTKATIOKS. 
Id tbe anxels' reeordlnR book ibe bod deeds sre not 
rr week br Kood ileeds on tba oUier, (bauBti sonietblng of 
» at ■uperarogaUoD were Irue. But IT fou (wturtle (be 
id Ibe price gnat, It la ol no uie lo try to square accounts 
witk God br keeplDg Ibe 8i 

■bJ> moura." Tbatwas as true when Burna 
Is at the fltth and aliUi veraes oE our lesson, aod ItU aa 
tms to-daj as em. Hen have hnproved la everr Iblng else. Tbej buUd better homes Uibd Uier 
did In Ames's day ; Ibey bare a truer esamUe ot tba chancier ot woman ; tliey have aboUihed 
siBTeiT, made Jnatsr laws, and estobUahed couotlen luittUitions ot mercy ; Uiey have erected tlie 
noblest dvlUiatlon tbe world ever saw; but men wbo "make basle to be rich'' "swaltow up ll» 
needy " In (be nloeleentl) century alter CbilBt Just as tbey did la Uie elgbOi before bf m. But God 

Sbftal fnei knaks Qd^'b eakballt. Tbe tnordlnole lore of money, more tbaa any other causa. 
has dntrayed the sanctity of our Babbath. Ballroods. drinking nloons, eicuraloa boats, sod 
fadorlea work on tbe MvenUi day simply beouise tbeir managefs an not sstlsOed witb tbe gains 
ol tbe Blx. Bee iLLtisraiTions. 

6. Buy . . . b«11— Thus tbe poor man was made so poor that he was compelled lo sell 
himself either for apiece of silver whioli he owed or for a pair of shoes wbJoli ho had gotten and 
WHS nnable to pay for. Thus ha oould not meet tiie smallest eupcndllure. To complete the evil 
eaite, only the refuse grain was aold to them, for whioh yet tlicy had to pay the some as for good 
gndn. — Sdtmolta: 

n. ISRABXiV OVUKTHROW. Vbtms 7-ld. 

7. The Iiord bath awom bjr tbe exoallanoy of Jacob — By himself, in whom Jacob's 
seed glory.— ifaunr. By the apirituol privilegn of Israel, Ihe'ir adaption as liia peculiar people. — 
OaMn. By the temple and Ita Shekinah, the symbol of hia preaenoe. Compare chap. 8. B, where 
it means Jehovah** temple. Comp. chap. i. S. — fimaet, I will nerer forget — By leaving such 
dns unpunished he would deny his glory In Israel. — KeiL Woe, and a thousand woea, to that 
man that is cut off by an oath of God fromall banefit by pardoning mercy I— Jf. Htnrg. Thaevll 


y.. C00»^IC 

Avoa 8. 1-14. 

Skcoxd QU' 

8 Shall 'not the land tremble tor this, 
and everj one mourn that dwclletb 
therein ? and it shall rise Uji wholly aa a 
-flood; and it shall be coat out and 
drowDed, ' as by the flood of E'gv|tt. 

9 And It shall come to pass in that 
-day, >alth the Lord Qod, tbnt ' I will 
■cause the sun to go down at noon, and I 
will darken the earth in the clear day : 

10 And I will tnrn your feasts into 
mourning, and all your songs into lom- 

8 Shall not the land tremble for Ibis, 
and every one mourn that dwelleth 
therein 1 yea, it shall rise up wholly 
like the River ; and it shall be troubled 
and rank again, like the River of 

6 E'gypt. And it shall come to pass in 
that day, saith the Lord Qod, that I 
will cause the sua to go down at 
noon, and I will darken the earth in 
10 the clear day. And I will turn your 
feasts into uionming, and all youi 

I It, J-. 

4«edi of the wicked arc InKribeJ in ■ perpetual memorial bdbre Ood ; but the eiua of believon 
an out by him into the depths of the tea eo that they never t^iin crane into mind. Mia T. 19. — 

S«d D«**r forfclB. Tou bare tortnitlBn »me ol Uig good ileedi ol joor life, tnd neaiir an joor 
taddaed*. Uod bai klsdlr framed oar memoMg* » Uiat " aliKnoe nukee ttw beut innr looder," 
and " dMuiM lend! eMbantmeU to Uie view." We look ^mek on Uw iKjt <a bajbood and glrt- 

w IMItMwla, have Iheir *^j of n^miIbi witli (be Kmc Utah. 

CorpoiMloQi have bera wlttUj deflnad as bodies wltboat •ool*. Aa Otej bave no nul*, Unj- cannot 
be punubad bereatler ; but Ibe Ood of JuMlce brinn tbem lo aooount for Uwlr mialeedi aooiMr or 
lai«r. See lu-i^BnuTiosB. 

8, Shdl not the land tmnlile (br tbi*— Thoeg who vil] not tremble nod moum sa 
they ought for nntlonal ein* shall be mida to tremble and moiun for national judgmenta. — Jf. 
JliHTf. The guilt of the people was so ononnoua that it wm aaffldont to induoe an eutin aab- 
venloD of the existing alate or things. To eiprcas this more stroo^y, the lend ia mistaphoriCBlly 
Tepraented as riaiug and swelling lite the Nile, and ajnia falling like the same river. Of oourse, 
tlie idee of the heaving and auboiding of the ground during an earthquake ia what ia Intended, 
as the beginning of the verse shows, for tha sake of energy and impression the intarrogalive 
fomi is as fluently employed." Atrmoj. A flood la the frequent image of overwhelming 
xsluiiiity. Don. 8. aH.—Favtni. Vba flood of ICTvt— The Nile, which aimaally submargea 
tlie Egyptian plaju, 

IMItMbbIi are reapoBslble brBMlonai iIbs. "ShoU not every one nuum fortblit" InqnlRe 
tbe propbet. And r»t not ererr one bad taken au active part in tbe trautrresilon. But tbe man 
wbo tacillj permits evil Is partlc«pa crlmlnlt. Everr man wbo baa a vole la reaponalUe to 0«d 
tor It. He cannot ablrk bis respooatbllltr bj stajlng ■ws]' IrtHH tbe polla. Everr e^ll that aibti 
In our nation to-dar la wllbln tbe power of (be rocera. If drunkenness and Uquoi^ealltDK an 
national ilnB, the CbilsUana of tbe eouaur must abare tbe raponslbllltj tor them. 

S. Intbatdaj' — In the day of their judgment, in which what has just been menUonod in to 
take place. In eloae connection with the tranibling of the earth ie its becoming dark ; the one ii 
hardly cODcelvable without the other.— ^AiroUa-. nie ma to KO down at noon— Sorrow ia 
saddest when it oomea upon fearlcas joy. God commonly in his mercy sends heralds of coming 
sorrow ; very few Kriefh burst suddenly upon man. Now In the meridian brightneaa of tha day of 
Ltrucl, tbe blackoeHi of night shall fall upon him. — /Wy. Some lliltik tlie prophet here predictn 
the total eclipae of the aun, which took plaoe at one of the great festivals in tlic year that Jeroboam 
died ; but wiiatevor tlicrd may be in the language borrowed troia such an event, consiatency of in- 
terpretation requires it to be taken metaphoriodiy, as descriptive of a sudden change from circum- 
stancoiofpraipcrity to those of adversity. Comp. Jer. 15. 9^ Eick. SB. 1-10.— //r)ta!<!r»ii. 

10. Tom your feaats Into nununlnc— As lo the upright there ariseth light in the dark- 


May 10, 1891. 

entntinn ; and I will bring up tockctoth 
u|>i>n sU loins, &ad l>aldne8S upon every 
Iiead ; * nnd I will make it aa the mourn- 
ing of an only ion, aad the end thereof 
Ma a bitter day. 

11 Beliold, the days come, aaitb the 
Lord God, that I will send a famine in 
the land, not a famine of bread, nor n 
thint for water, but of " hearing the 
ivordaof tiieliORD: 

songs into lamentation; and I will 
bring ui) sackcloth upon all loins, 
nnd baldness upon every head ; and I 
wilt make it as the mourning tor an 
only son, and the end thereof ag a 
11 bitter day. Behold, the days come, 
saith the Lord Ood, that I will send 
a famine in the land, not a famine of 
bread, nor a thirst for water, but of 


nan whk^ giva thorn tha oil of joy for monming, so on the uiokuJ tUuro liillx in Uie iiiidiCof 
light dariin«n whicb tunu their joy Into het,v'inou.—SekmoUtr, Songi Into Immentatton— 
The Hebrav fcallTala vera occuions of ifretX joy, and vera no doabC on tliis very aocoant kept 
snumg the Tan Tiibea ifter tbey hwl lost their relljrlomi importsjice. The calBmitoiu rcault of 
the Anyrian invuion andar Bhalmuiawr is hers moet Krophically dtipictod. Comp. In. ]S. i; 
Jar. 4S. IT ; Euk. 1. IB.—Bamai. Boldnoaa— Tbe ahaving of a bald pluce nas b aign of 
mouming.—Iu. 15. i ; Jer. 4S. ST ; Eiek. T. lS.—Fattfa. ICmunbis of an onlj aon— The 
ileath of on only aon was regurded by the Hebrews at Iho ino»t mournful of eTuiitn. Conip. Jar. 
4. Hi Zeoh. IK. 10. — Sarraat. The and thereof aaa bitter d^ — There ii no hope that when 
o ere at the worxt they will mend. No; tbe atau of impeniunt linnen srowi worao and 
id the laat ofaU will bo the oonit of all.— Jf. Hmrg. 

emTnm eofthmnt. Von. 8 and 10. TTiHy "Tbe enemT Inraded our country and 
' " Tlie drongbt bu prsTented Rood crop* ; " ** Tbe careleamaaa of some man bai 
a u> break and the waten to deraatate the Taltay ; " " Tbe taalt ol tbe arcbllect baa 
eaoMd tbe Dre UiM baa destroyed ttae vlUase." Bat Ibat la not tlie var tbat Ood talb. Notice 
how In Ibli leaam be takea tbe reapomlblUty : "I will not," tst. E; "Tbere aball be." rer. 3; "I 
wnl lansB," ver. B; " I will darken," Ter. B; " I will turn." ver. 10: "I will t«lns," ver. 10; "I 
-wlU make li," rar. 10: "1 will lend," rer. 11; and ao on ttarongbout the enllre prapbecr* It t> 
Oodwbodoea tbeae ttalnoa. Armlea, Orea, eartbquakea. and Booda are la lili hand Uke ao man^ 
toola Id the twnd d( a conaummale artisan. He wbo makes sren Ibe wrUb of man to praise blm 
naea tala Munden and misdeeds also. 

SMiae In wblch tbe evil coaaaqueDcea of svl] acts In tbla lite are referred Co as puntabmenta. But 
tbey an panlsbmenta Inteaded lo lead to refono. TbmuKh alt Ihla aorraw tbe briKhtest outcome 
of UM BBbrew raoe— Iba adrenc of Ibe H«»bib— was lo be seoumd. 

II. Vamlne ... of h— .riTu Oxe words of the Iiord — They aliould oxperienoe a total 
withdiMW^ of all prophetic commnnleationa. Comp. Etek. T. SS ; Uic S. T. — J/endeittm. Ajuat 
letribntion on thou who now will not hear the Lord'a propheCa, but try to drive thorn away, 
an Amaiiahdid. Chap. T. 13. They aha1l look in vain, in th«r diMrew, fordirino counael, auch 
as the proplieti now oflbr. Eiek. T. S6 ; Uic S. T. Compare the Jews' rejection of Uesalali 
and th«r oonaeqaent rcjectton by him (Matt. 31. U), and their dcurc for Messiah too late. Luke 
IT. S3 ; John T. M ; S. 11. It in remarkable, the Jews' rellf|ion is almost the only one tbaC could 
he abolished against the will of the people themselvea, on aooount of its beini dependent on a 
particular place, namely, the temple. When that waa destroyed tlio Hoauo ritual, which cnutd 
not eiiat wlthont it, neoeaaaiily ceased. Providence designed It, that, as tbe law gave way to the 
Qoopel, so all men shonid perceive it won so, in spite of the Jews' obatinate njoction of tlio Gnapol. 

or all tSalBaa, Iba IBslae oT aplrluial iTulh la Ibe woral. No pbrdcil or Intellectual buoger U 
aa painful or as burtful as unsallsded lamliH for (tie words of the Lord. In deaih and drearl- 
ncH, m exile Irom tbe land of Ilieir fatbera. cnubed by oppreason, hearing onlT of gods more 
Oiieltban Iboee wtio maketbem, bow will tbeybun>[erandtblratforanrUdlTigBorOne wbooares 
for Ibe weary and beavy-Iaden : of One who troutd hare man-servant and mold, the cattle and the 
itnnger within tbe galea, tot«st, aa iretl aa the prioce ; of One who bad Died the year of Jubilee 
Lt Ibe debtor might be released and llifl captive go free. O, what a lenirlnjt In a land of bond- 




Second Qcabtsb. 

13 And they shall wander from sea to 
Bea, and from the north even to tlie east, 
thej shull run to and fro to si'Ck the 
word of the Lobd, and Hhull not find i(. 

13 la that day shall the fair Tirgina 
and jonng men faint for thirat. 

14 They that swear "by the ein of 
Sa-ma'ri-a, ami gay, Tby God, Dan, 
liveth ; and, The ' manner of Be'er-she'bu 
livethj even they shall full, and never 
rise up again. 

13 hearing the words of the Lord. And 
they shall waoder from aea to tea, 
and from the north evcD to the east; 
they shall run to and fro to seek the 
wiinl of the Lokd, and shall not find 

13 it. In that day shall t..j fair virnna 
and the young men faint for thirst. 

14 Thej that swear by tlie sin of Sa-ma- 
ri'a, and say. As tliy 6od, O Dan, 
Ii*eth; and, Aa the 'way of Be'er- 
she'ba liveth; even they ahull fikU, 
and never rise up ngain. 

UKH u> liiair of lueb ■ Deluit ; U belleTe tbtt all (bM liud beea told Ibem In tortDer itaji im ddC a 
dreun. to bave b rlRbt to lell tbolr cblldrea Ihit [t wu true for Oitm !-~Xaurlct. Remember Ibe 
pusble of Ibe Prodigal' eon. Appeal to eiperleuce and oteenratton ol Kbolan. Bee iLLLsrai- 
TIONB ooocernlnit " SOarcltf of BIbln." 

13, Thejrahall wanderfromiea to aea — From tho Dead Sen to tlia Mediterranean — Croni 
gdbC to weal. — Fauatt. North ... to the east — Or to the saDriHa. Uco^.Taphically w« should 
Imve expected " froui north to Houth." But no alienated was Iimel fWim Juduli tluit no one would 
think of repairing to JeTUiiaioni for onieuhir inlbrauitiaa. But probuMy the cardinal points were 
Dot iotended lo bo atrietly nurkud ; tliu prophet's object being to indieute Keneruily the hopelvM- 
nera of the attempta mentioned. — Hendermn. Even the prorune, wlien tliey see no help, will 
have recounw to God. Sinl in liin extremity inquired of tlio Lord, njid lie niwwerod him not, 
neither by drcomn, nor by Uriiii, nor by prophets. — Pa»eg, Such is die present condition 
of the Jews. Tlioj roam in restleaa vagroney utKiut the world and aei-lc the word of God ; but 
tliiry find it not, Iwcauso they Imvo killed the incinialo Word roveoli-d in the written word. — 

14. Swear by— Wonlilp. V*a. 63. 11. The sin of Samaria— ThuC iR, tiie golden calf at 
Betli-el. Ueut. S. 21 ; lloti. A. IS. Hitiig tliinke tliot Astone is apouiHcttlly meant ; but the terai 
was doubtleM Intended to eompreliend the calf at Beth-el, the religious vvnumtiou of which lod lo 
the grosser forms of idolatry. At tlie same time, Astarte is apokeu oi (3 KiOKS 13. C) in diiitJtii-- 
tiiin from the worship Kpecially instituted by JcrolxNtm. Tlie god of Dan was th<! otlior goiileii 
onir, erected by Jerobostnin Don. 1 Kings 13. S6-S8.— Au'nitM. The maimer— The modo of 
worslup.— /iiiuwi. Liveth . . . liveth— KuUicr, " May thy god , . . live ! " Ur, " As (surely 
a«)t!jygod, O Dan, liveth!" Thisisthcirfomiuls when thoy awosr; not "May Joliovah lival" 
or " As Jehovah livetli I " — £ibU Commrnlary, The swcnring by Ihew objects shows timt the 
young men atid maidetis mentioned in verse 13 sre worsliipcis of thuso idols and make i>ilgrim' 
ages to Bcer-slisbu. — SckmoUei: 

HiliilBnlB. WealtH and Pleasure 

In our hearts and dedlcau 

Cast and Astute and Jero 

)oazn-8 adf-ldol rained tomel. 

on, Kw 


Extreme Iniquity drawa down sentence npon ttaelA Vera 3.- InlST^inteliigenoo 
rcociied Edinburgli that Cuiigni, Admiral of France, was murdered by the orders of Churica IX. 
He was Knox's old friend, iind tlie shock was terrible. Then ciime news of the general luasMocre 
of French Protestants on the black day of St. Bartlioloinew. This produced the utmcat horror in 
Scotland, and inflicted a deep wound on the exliuusted spirit of John Knox. Having been con- 
veyed lo the pulpit, and summoning the remainderof his strength, lie thundered, "The veotfeance 
of Heaven against that tnunlerer and traitor, the king of France." " 6o 1" he said, addresung 
Le Croe, tlie French enibassador, whom he saw in the crowd ; " go, toll your master tliat sentence 
him is pronounced, that divine vengeunoc will never more be lifted from his house, that 



May 10, 1891. LESSON VI. Amos 8. l-U. 

Q'l NiD iirucwJing fkuia his loins iih«)l oiijojr hi* ki^igdom in ptiacs, nud tlmt tua DBine bIuII b« tx- 
ecnttoil to prmUshiy." — Dodge, llm inwpiiecy wn.t fulflllod. 

God «q)oias care far (he poor. Ter. 4.— AricbyoathlaSomo hadBufforedrromadaii- 
gtroos illnow. Un reooTeriiift, lii* hoart va:> fllletl witli gratitudo, uid he excUimed, " Lord, 
C'ulil man raootiipeiiM thc«, how villiugly would 1 give thoe all my powowionB 1 " Herman 
heard this and Haid, " All good gifta are trorn above ; tlioa eanM send nothing. Come, Tollow 
ma." He toolc him to a wretched hut. The father Uy on a bed of aiekaega; the mother wept; 
tlie ohildran oied Ibr brcul. Hennan said, "jhM hen an idtar for lit taerijSet; these are tha 
Lord's Tcpreaentativea." Tlic youtli asmaMd them bounti<\iUy. — SrvmntaeAer. 

JWamufay, In hia eaauy on Milton, sitii : " Arioiilo tulU a alory of a fuiry who waa oondemned 
ti si'paorat eertaia aeaaon* in tlie Tonnof a foul snake. Those who Injured ber during the period 
of Jicr (liagnlM were forever exeluded ftora panlelpation in the bleiwtngs which she bestowed. 
But to thoae who, in spite of her loathsome aspect, pitied her, she afterward revealed herself in 
hir natural oetetCial form, aooompatiiod their Mcpt, granted all thdt wishes, filled thiur bouses 
with wealth, made them happy in lore and victorious In war." So what is done lo Christ iu hia 
diaKDiaed forin of the pooratid sick of earth wilt be blenedby him. 

A Gemuin baron's brotlier, finding him away fh>m his east]e and ita lilb of ease engaged in 
taking core of the ponr, exclaimed, " Alas I my brother, what are you doing I What dietresa cora- 
pekyou to this F' The brot licr saiiE, "Distress compds mo not, but tJie love of Christ, my Lord, 

SlHrul freed crndpta and breaki God'a Sabbath, Ter, 5.— When Sir Samuel 
K'liiiill}-, soUi-ltiir-general, cnmmittud Kuielde, Wilberforoa sidd, " If he had suffered hia mind to 
eiijoy suvli ocuuuuiial remisuon tlie Ptringx of life would not have Bnq>ped from over-tension." 
The nlcbraud Ciutlereagh, who was foreign xeort-tary in 1812, eommitted saieide in IB£2. 
WilberTorce mid, " Poor fcliow t he was certoinlj demngod, the eSbct of continual wear of the 
niind and non-ohMrvance of the Sabbatlu" — Gmigh. 

When Mr. Dod, a Puritan mini'tcr, preached against the profanation of tha Babbath by his 
wealthy parishioneni, a nobleman's servant came to him uiii said, " Sir, you havo oSaaded my 
lord to-day." Mr. Dnd nijilied, " I should not have offended your lord unless he had heen con- 
■daus to himHelf that he lind oSbuded my Lord, and if your lord will offend niy Lord, let ^'"" be 

A Syrian ronvcrt to Christianity was urged by his employer to work Sunday, but refUsed. 
nis inaBlcr s^d, " The Bible allows you to pull on ox out of n pit on the Sabbath." "Yes," said 
the convert, " but If the ox has a iabit o/jatiing into the ntnupit evtiy Saibath da]/ the owner 
Kliould filler All the pit or sell the ox." 

A womun neglected to take her work home Saturday. On Sunday she told her niece to take 
it to the lady's house. "Put it under your bIiuhI," she said, "and nobody will notice IL" 
" But, nunty," ssid tlie child, " inn't it Muiiduy under my ahawt ) " 

It is astonishing how soon tlie whole oon^ience begins to unravel If a ^nglc stitch drops ; one 
single ain indnlgeil In makes a hole you could put your head through. — Buxton. 

Boainest shoald be cODdacted on pTlnciplea of atrlot honeair* Vera, S, C — 
Men wntfl over their Ktoro door, " BuMncss is business," and over their cliuroli door, " Religion 
i» religion," snd they any to religion, "Never come in here," and to business, "Never go 
in tiicie." Oil Sunday they want Mtdativai, healing-bidm, poetry, and the purs Gospel without 
my worldly intermixture. Kent day tliey will take by the thront ihe Aral debtor whom they 
nun.!, and ciclalin, " I'uy me tluit thou owcnC ; it is Monday." And when the mialsler vent- 
utTs to hint about duty to fellow-men, tliey say, " <), you stick to your preaching." Qod's law 
b> not allowed to go into tlie week. If tlie mcrcliant spies it in the store he tlirows it over the 
counter. If the clerk sew il in the bank he kicks It out at tha door. If it Is found in the street 
the niutiitutic pursue il, pelting it with stones as if it were a wntf escaped (Vom ■ menagerie, and 
"liouting, '• Back with you 1 you liave got out of Sunchiy." — Betthtr. 

" Honesty Is the best policy," but he who acts on tlwt principle is not on honest man. — 

Nati«Bs, like Individuals, haTe their da; or Teckontng, Ten. 7-IO<— In ths 
very year(180T) in which this hateful commerce [the slave-trade] was abollxlied victory began to 
vsit upon our arms, and there started that series of successes which save peace to Europe and 



Amob 8. 1-14. LESSON VI. Skcoxo Q-jasteb. 

which Mnt har oppre>Hor w tnt m sxile tlirou»[li Liie tBiiiotiiBful y«iii •nd in St. Uolsna's loneli' 
DOH to ilumbn In a nametcaa gnve Ai/MA<»t. 

A man goM Into an inn, and, u Boon db ha kiCb down, ho orJeni Ilia wino, liiii lUniwr, hiibad; 
there la no delicaoy io eeawn wbich ha for^CH b> bcHpcali. IIo Btnpi at tha inn for aoma tima. 
By and by tlio bill is Ibrthoaming, and it takes him liy HurpHiie. " Wil/, I ntter tlioagU t/Aat," 
he nya. Tha landlord replica, "Hera is ■ num wha ia alUiur a l><>ni fool or a knave." Men 
muat reap aa they sow. — Spurgtim. 

It in remarkable that there haa never been such a tiling u contiausDae of national iofldelity in 
any oountry. InSdelity diaintcgraten utl nationul chaiactor, 

SenrcUr of Bible* renden Ihena hlfhlf prtsvdi Turs* 1I-14.— Just after tlio 
RovolutioD Fmnoe ahawed anoh a doanli ot Bililua tliat perrans aont over for the purpoaa aearched 
four day* amoi^il the book-sallen of Paria without coming upon a single oopy. 

In tha aoat of Icelnad I fall Iji with o man who had aouglit in vain to obtain a Bible for 
aevantean yaun. His joy wan inuxprcaiiiMc. I paaaad through a parlsli in wbiuli there woraoiily 
two Blbloa, and another in wiiioh thera ware none at all. — Uendermn. 

During tha reign of Jatneg II. n Kon-confbrmi-t copied out tlia whols Bible iu ahortliand for 
hla own use, fearing its auppreanion. 

Huguenot ladios, In Ciinos of penmcatian, hid their amail Biblw in thoir high-<Irea>ed bair. 
They walked to ohuroh ten mlloa or mora barefooted. Soma sUpt in tliair wagons Batnrday night 
to enjoy the privile)[a ot liearing God'a word road Sunday. 

A traveler entering a ootta^e In Braiil Haw a large Bible on tlie table. The owner said, " It 
waa given me ^ht years ago and 1 am vory fond of reading it, but the wont of it la it ia ■eonwly 
ereral borne. Hy neighbors lovato read, and oanief>oiii inilen arauiid to borrow it. 

When tlie flnt load of Si-ripcurea ariived in Wale* In 1818 peu-wnta arowded to meet it aa tlis 
laraelitea did the ark. Younii people spent t)ie wliolo niglit in reading It, and labonn carriod It 
to the flekb with thain tliat thoy n^igbt enjoy it daring the intnrvata of labor. — WMttentt. 


I. Tha oonDeMioii. Tha closing varaaa of the preceding cliapter farm a ptelude to tlits 
leaaon. The prieat of tha oalf-tempto in Bath-al avauied Amoa to King Jeroboam II. aa a traitor, 
on acooant of hla prophecy, that tha king ahould die by the aword and the people should go into 
oapdvily. The idol-prieat tried (o drive Amos into exile, but received in return n fearful pre- 
diction of woe upon himself, hia family, and hia psoplsi and than imniodiatoly followi the proph- 
ecy of tlmleifon. 

3. The «mbl«m. We often mo at the (toeral of an aged man a ahcuf of wheat laid on the 
eaakut as en emblem of a life fully ilpa and ready for the harvaat. Tha prophet Amos sees a 
different aymlw] of Israel's oondiUon, a banket of ripe fVuit, aignlf^ing that tlie kingdom was ready 
to he plucked and gathered. He haara in hLi vLilon Che wdllng for the dead, and beholds oorpaca 
In multitude thrown forth in ■ileD«a. All this is an inmge of the approaching overthrow of tha 
kingdom and the daitniotioii of the city. Vera. 1-a. 

a. Tha OrimM ot lanwl. Vera. 4-3. Tlierc are described In pictorial language. 1.) Covet- 
ousneos (ver. 1), the inorjinuta dealra for gain swallowing up the poor, 9.) Sabbath-brcakiug, 
by people who an so cagor fur Inula that thuy runiiot wait for the holy day to end, tika Ihoso who 
keep their sloroa open on Sunday in our time, or who employ Sunday in wridug np ihdr nc- 
COUnta. 8.) Fnud, in selling gmin to the poor, making tho measure (opliah) small, while they 
add to Uie weight (ahekci) by wlilch tha money ia testi.-d when paid. HoU that in thoso tiinua 
money waa weighed, not counted, i.) Slavery, BolUDg and buying the poor who oould not pay 
their debla. 6.) OpprewioD, wronging the poor by svlling rofutvi and worthleaa wheat. The 
teaeher can readily find UluBtntlans of the same spirit in the present tinte. 

4. Tha voa. Van. 7-10. Thooa vcraoa graptilcatly depict the woea that were deatlncd to 
come upon tha land aa tha result of ila wickednesa. Tha captivity of larael and the destruction 
of Samaria were the final f\jlllllmant. How far these are literal waminga of flooda, earthquakes, 
ecllpsea of the aun, and natural phenomena it la impossible to tetl. But they are also dcsariptive 
of afflietioni to coma upon the people aa the result of their alns, and should be so applied by the 


Mat 10, 18fll. LESSON VI. Amos 8. 1-1*. 

B. ^M tMains. Vera. 11-14. Thia ia axprcaatr <la>orib«d, not u tempond, but m apiritusi ; 
M fiuntne of the word of Ood, or, in other Torda, « taligioui dMlioe. ThoM who negleM their 
•piritual DBtuTe and iW needa find Uutt it Ungnish««. Tha aoul auffecn even more thui tha body 
irhan ilepnT«d of <ta needed food. Hoir aad the oonditioa of tboee vho auddenly anka to their 
•piritQ*) hunger and huTenncaa 1 


TO BPBCIAZi BUBJUCnrS. — "Tbe Corruptions that Led to iBnel'a Overthrow," 
OmiBtifean atiik lAt SiUt, Iv, \ai. "Ori^ii of the Calf-wonhip," tiiiux, iv, IST, IBS. 
*■ I.IUU17 and Corruption ot Lumcl," Oukib, Iv, ltl-19B. "Ood'ii Tender Love fiir 
Isnel £ven in Their Blna," Qkiiis, iv, £12, 2IS. "The New Uoone and FeuU Uieonder- 
■tood b; la»el," Edubuih, Hit TanpU, SEl. " Peculiar UaoftM %n^<nii^ In the Law for 
tba Feaata," Eddubbw, aS&-3Se. " Titnea of Public lostniation on New Hoodr," Fubuh, 
B^td-ioek 0/ BibU MaantTi and Viutomt,S3S. "Alluaiona to E^yrt >" Jewish IIiiitor}>," Thinffi 
Jim a*»traUf Znoten, S19. "Dan," WiuOH, LandM of On Milt^ il, 1T3. " Amos, the llenln- 
man of Tekoah." Bauow*, Companion of iht Bible, 3S6, £37. " Wonderftd Fuiflllment of 
Prophecy," PoBTBK, &Hn< Oitia 0/ Bakan, ii, X. "Audont Pmeperity of lanel," Pobtiii, 
SI. "Suinsof Tjrc," Poktir, ZT8. "Bins and Judgmente of Tyre," Niwiujt, Dmto Stir- 
■Uta,UO-US. "Ilunath; Anawer to Colenao," FosraR, OiatU OiUa tjf Batlian, »»~S12. 
" Idolatrj- of lanel," Kiil, Biblical Arduaoioff, II, 80. " Early K^n," Kul, i, Si. " Eg^pt'e 
Comieotion with Lirael," Stavlit, finoi and J\iUitiiu, uiii, xxvUi,' KB. "Tyn," Stakliy, 
Sinai and Itlmtiru, xxvii, xxviii, iTS. " Den, City of," Stuut, Ufl. " HanuUi," Staklbv, 
MS. " Tbe True Accompllahmeat of Prophecy," Stakuit, £6T, MS, STT. " tiakmitiea Prophe- 
Bisl by Amos," Stuilev, JtaitK Ch^rtk, il, 400-409. 

LESSON VII.— May 17. 


OOLiDBM ^BXT.— Tour Isiqultlw 1UIT« ••pKrat«d between 70U Mid your Ood.— 

^□OL— About T2G B. C. Thi* propbeoy wia nttorad between Staalmaneeer'ii flnt and 
•econd inveaiona of larael. Crnnp. rer. 14; atao ver.-S, referring to King Uoshea'a calling 80 
of Egyjit to hia tii ; alao ven. 4, It. — /Ii»*m^ 

FIiAOB.— HoHea'a incaaagM were probnbly all delivered in tbo kingdom of Iiirael, 
TKS FBOFHm.— Boaea propheaied during a long and evantftil period, besinulng in tlie 
daya of Jeroboam II. of lanel, and amcluding in the reign of Hciekiah of Judah — a round term 
of ahont aixtj years. During bin Mlive life Uuiah, Jotham, Ahax, and Readiiah reigned over 
Judah ; and Jereboam II., Zaohariah, ShiUuin, Uenahem, Pekohiah, Pekab, and Hoahea over 
lanel. Ilia prophcdea, uttered on ditfercnt oocadona, were probably coUacted by hiinaelf toward 
the aloae of hia career. It ia not now poa^ble to deSne the exact ciraumatanooa In which each wia 
delivarad, nor is the mart of dletinetion between aepaiate propheciea always clear. In thIa chapter 
tbe pTophetcontinuea to charge the lantelitea with idolatry, anareby, and wanCof fidelity (1-4). Ha 
axpatlatca on the judlgmenta that were to oome upon them in puniahnunt tor these crimes (5-11) ; 
snd then abruptly turns to them in ■ direct bortatory addresa, couched in metaphorical language 
bonowedfrom the modsofrcpreMntation which he had jnit employed (IS). The section concludes 
with an appeal to the eiperienoe which they had already had of the diaastroua consaquenoca of Chair 

vlokad aoadnct HtruUrnit. Tbe prophets were tbe national poeta of theeliosen psople,and an- 

nalixta and hiatntiana, the ontapoken patriot*, the reformers of moimls and pure religion, the 
preachan of rightsonanaia and axponenla of the law, and, moat of all, the reveelon of God's plin 
fbr Dur redemption through Jeans Chriat, — SuAep Hunt. 



HOSKA 10. 1-13. 


Second Quabtbr. 

1 13'ra.el u 'an empty vine, he bring- 
eth forth fruit unto himself : according to 
the multitude of his fruit he hath in- 
creased the ftttan; according to the 
goodness of his land they have made 
goodly ^imsges. 

2 'Tlieir heart k divided; now shall 
they be found faulty: he Bball 'break 
do'nrn their altars, he shall spoil their 

8 For now they shall say, We have no 
king, because we feared not the Loud; 
what thcD should a king do to as ! 

4 They have spoheu words, swear- 
ing falsely in making a covenant: thus 




1 Is're-el is a luxuriant vine, which 
puttetli forth his fruit; according to 
the multitude of liia fruit he bath 
multiplied his altare; according to 
the 'goodness of his land they Eiiv« 

3 made goodly * pillara. 'Their heart 
is ■ divided ; now shall tliey be found 
guilty: he shall smit« their altars, he 

3 shall spoil tbeir ' pillai?. Barely 
now shall they say. We have no king: 
for we fear not tne Lord; and the 

4 king, what can he do for usf Tfaey 
s[ie:ik miin words, 'snenring falsely in 

L SIN. VariM 1-4. 

I. iBraal — The northern kingdom. An empty vine — A vine stripped of its trmte. — Calcia. 

See Nnhuni S. 9. The nation vu " wipty " lHX'u<t.'>a oompollad to pity tribute to IVI. S Kings 

IS. SO. — Awwf. But JleiuttniHi nwiubiina tl^.it tbe llebrcv irord here refan to luxuriance 

ratlier than to nnfmitnilneea. Matirtr tninHlDta>, " a widu-epreading vine." So also tho S^oa- 

giDt. Comp. Gen. 49. S9; Paa. SO. 9-11; Eieb. IT. 6. And theooiUext menu torequiralliiBmcaotnit. 

Brinseth fbrth fruit unto hfnuelf— Not unto Ms. Aooordlng to the tnnltitada of his 

fruit lie tiKtb InarcMed the alt>n — In proportion to tlie aliundanco of the proapoity of tlie 

laraeliiex, wliicli cnlted for tHiit unto God (oomp. Rnni. 6. i-i), was tlie sbuodance or their 

idolatry. Chap. 8. 4, II.— /Iih»4. Anubu»eoftbepr(Hpcritj-n'liicliGodhad<»iifDrnid.~AnTa«w; 

Prnyerllr I* iwl alwayi beM for ■•. Only God can cerulnLy lell. See ILLrsraiTiONg. 

Howaaaay of HbrlaRlvntlfriillaalaHmeliMt How many hare erer ouniilered tlBt we an 

like rlnei anytMw I A vine does noi ovn llault. )t la planuid to bring Cortli rnili. Iti Imit be- 

loafii to Its plaalBT. We ban been put Mieni we are bemue God law that was lbs place where 

WBonUd brlnRfonb moat trult far hliBlory. HecbosoIorinaurfainllyenTtraDDwnli and bonnes 

clnniQutancea. He Rare lu power to brinit rortta rmlt. AieiTe " empty Tinea T " or do weRtre to 

tbe wcvld or Satan fruit tbat belongs to Ciod f 

a. ThOx htmrt la divided— 1 Kinga 13. 21 ; Matt. S. » ; Jax. 4. S. Tbe atals of Che braii 
U the Bouroa of tbe bvIL— TSeAmoHw. Tlioy we inainoure in Jeliovah'a Mirvioo— profwung to 
vorahip him, vliilo they addict ClianMelves to Uio voiship of idoU.— Airrov*. Braak down — 
Tlie Hebrew term ia ^perly a sacrificial one. It i* hero with moch farce appliud to tliedeolnielitKi 
of the altan on which the animals tliamaelvn were offered.— /jflu^uwn. It niijtht be translated 
" cut off," namely, the heads of the victims. Those allani which Here the accDO of caning off 
the victima' heads shall be themaulves cut off. — JtitU Oonaiuiilarji. 

NvMeJ kcsfta emu« wmt<*»*. "Uonabls u water, U»ey shall not excel," aatd Jacoti. "A 
doulrts-mlndsd man ti ansUUe In all bts mys." said JanKs. Want t^ success In aecntar lite b 
oltea due to TBdllatloti : and donble-mlndsdiwa la alwi^ lalal to ^ilrltaal life. We cannot serre 
Ood and nuunmon. Bee ILLnsraanoHS. 

3. We have no Ung^Soon, deprived of their kinj;, tliSy shall bo reduood lo ny. We have 
nokiDg(vorL T, 15), for Jehovah daprire<I usofliim. What, then, aoeiog God is affainat tu, 
idiould a king bo able to do for ns, if we had one t—faattrl. This is the laoguage of dotpeialion. 
Tlieir king, to whom they had luitundl; looked for proteotion, vaa removed ; they had foiftited 
the bvor of Uod, who was now beoome tht-ir enemy ; and, therefore, It was vain to expect help 
from an earthly monarch. The jirophet probably refers to tho time of anarahj during tlie 
interregnum between tho murdir of Pekali and tiie acceuion of Ilosliea.— .Aim'm. 

i, Worda— Here empty w<>rd<. Swaorins hJaelr in making « oonnant— Breaking 
tlieir engagement to Siialmanescr (3 Kings IT. 4), and uiakiag a covenant aith Bo, thoogfa 



May 17, 1891. 


IIOSEA 10. 1-15. 

making covenants therefore judgment 
^ Bpriii);etli up as 'hemlock id the 

5 furrows of the field.. The inhabitaotB 
of Su-tna'ri-a almll be in terror for tlie 
calves of Beth'-a'vea : for the pcnpic 
thereof ahalL mourn over it, ana 'the 

[iriests thereof that rejoiced over it, 
or the glorj tliercof, because it is 

6 departed from it. It at^o shall be 
carried unto Afi-syr'i-a for a present to 
"kingja'reb: E'phrvim shall receiTe 
sliarae, and Is'ra-el shall be ashamed 

7 of his own counseL "At far 8a- 
ma'ri-a, her king is cut off, as "foam 

8 upon the natcr. The high places 
also of A'ven, the sin of Is'ra-cl, shnll 

, .„ _,.. _ _j hemlock 

the furrows of the field 

S The iohabitants of 8a-ma'ri-a shalL 
few becMise of ' the calres of Beth' -a'l 
for the people thereof shall moura over it, 
and 'the priests thereof that rejoiced o 
it, for the glory thereof, because it 
depnrted from it. 

fl It shall be alao carried unto As-syr'i- 
far a present to ' king Ja'rcb : E'phra-ii 
ahmll receire shame, and la'ra-el shall be 
aahAmed of his t 

1 A* for Sa-ma'ri-a, her king is cut oS 
as the foam upon ' t he water. 

8 The high places also of A'ven, the 
'* sin of Is'ra-el, shall he destroyed : the 

■ 1 K^ II. A. « Or, CkaDttftM. ■Ck>p. L U.— ^^Tki , 

cnTansnU with fbraigseni Wflra forliiJilcn. — Favaet. It in mthcr ihe Disking ol 
ilis brisking of them to which the prophot ivfira ua heing crimiDut. — ^mdtnan. Judoment 
■princathnpBihemlook — Fauatt thiu explaina tliia Sguro: Divine judgment aliall i>prin](U[>as 
nuik ■nd i* daidir *» hemlock in tho furro«<. Dout. S9. 18 ; Araua C. T; E. 13. But Sckmolltr 
tskn uiother view. Ifjuvtioapniviiiiedlhehind would be lika m, WBll-mppaintHi Bald, but it in now 
likaona tiist i;i n^eeted, snd ia which, therafore, poiimii plants ppriog up, beoaUMJiutioa winprae- 
tnted. Bj a soinewbiit tyild figure, justice, wheu fiilxalf edmiuistared, whan perverod snd 
abased, is eompared to > pobunooa plant. Ithasbeenehini^int <it,aititwere. Comp. AmoaS.lS. 
TnthkUSMeraJ Mkeuiaa<*Uh. See lunsnuTiOM. II Is tbe mTeguud at nxtetT. 
n. SCMtROW.— V*raM S-IS. 

6. ^w eatT«a of Beth-aren — The prophet ia thinking of alt (he oalven in the northern 
Ungdom which wen imitadonsorthochlcrg'ililsn idol erected atBeth-vl. By these imiiiition» all 
Israel had become ■ Bvtli-aion, that is, "u hoora or idols." — IVviueltt. In the-e VBniea(S, Ej the 
object of idolatrous wonhip is spoken of now in tho plural, and now in tlie Hiiigulur number. 
which NUtig secounts Tor on tho ground t'ist, though the Israelites might buve multiplied golden 
«alTe*, thai Mt Dp by Jeroboam would slill be lield in peculiar honor, — Sarroav. Frlssts — The 
Hebrew is nnlj Dsedof ido]:itToaB pricotii (3 Kings 23. G; Zcph. 1. 6), fromarruiC iiteanlnK either 
Ihe black garment in wliich they ware attired, or to raouitd, referring to their howlinif erica 
in their ucred ritei. Such would be tho cxdtement of the idolntrous pri»ta at the oapluru of 
their god, tlutt thcj would leap shout in s state of de-perotion like tlie priests of Bosl. 1 Kings 
IS. M. Tbe b1ot7 ofilie idol consigted in its ornaments.— //Miff rtan. 

Ar»««»y IV»« *Jo* hrlHja wne. Alwafs- BTerj-wbere. Eoe iLLCsrainoifs. " From tbe Terr now 
ot bcarsD tbere Is s b^-wsr to Ibe pit " 

O. It shall baslsocarrisd— The calf. Borarft-omBBViiigitsworihipeni from dc'porlatinn,Hliii.ll 
itxelf be carried off; licoco laraal iball ba aahftmsd of it. — Barroat. Xins Jareb— TliLi is 
not a proper name, but signifies their Avenger. A pr»eDt to tho king whom tlicy ionkcil to as 
their ilcrender or nveager, whoee wrath they Buhsil In uppcaMi, nniiiely, Slialmaneacr. The iiiinnr 
Stolea ■I'plial this titlu to the great king — a nott of rojul Lord Protector. Bphialm and larad 
were mti.Tchangcabl}' uwd to indicate ttie king>lom of tho Ten Tribes. Hia own oounsel — Tha 
calves, which Jeruiioun setup as a utroke of policy to detach laRiel from Juduli. Their nevemiice 
from Judah and Jehovah proied nnn not to be politic, but fiital to tliem. — Faunit. 

7, 8. Har kins i* out cfffas ths foam— Jfiiurvr imivlBTcs " a chip," tiist cannot recinl the 
«DiTent. Thia image of a chip on tho nurfun of tbe water — rienoting untraceable diKappeaiance, 
and probaUf vlolimt deatnction (Sc/iTnalUr) — ia terfbeauiiful and fbrcible. — SmJerton. At the 
fauntlioashseeniinzco'baemuient, raised on the top of the water, yet has no soliditr, such is the 



HOSBA 10. 1-15. 


Second Quabtkb. 

thorn and the thistle ehall come up on 
their altars; and they 'shall sht to the 
mountains, Cover us; and to tte hilla, 
Fall on us. 

9 O b'ra-el, thon ha«t sinned from the 
days of Gib'e-ah: there they stood: the 
battle in Oib'e-ah against the children of 
iniquity did not overtake tliem. 

10 It it m *my deure that I should 
chastise them ; and the people shall be 
gathered against them, iwheo they shall 
bind themselves in their tiro furrows. 

11 And B'pbrvim ti m a heifer that 
it tanght, and loveth to tread out the 
torn; but I passed over upon ^her fair 

be destroyed: the tliom and ^e 
thistle fitiall come up on tlieir altars; 
and they shall say to the mountuna. 
Cover us ; and to the hills, Fall ca us. 
9 O Is'ra-el, thou host sinned " from the 
days of Oib'e-ah : ** there they stood i 
" that the battle against the children 
of iniqoity should not overtake them. 

10 in 6ib'e-ah. When it is my desire, 
I will chastise lliem ; and the peooles 
shall be fiatliered against them, wnen 
they are " bound " to their two trans- 

11 gressions. And E'pfaro-im is a heifer 
that is taught, that loveth to tread 
out llu oorn; but I have pasaed over 

thronaofBunwu.— /bwwt. IBiay ahall say to tb» inowntains In the hopcliMnas of deapsir. 
They vould nther be burled b; tlie maunUiiu tbin uodorjco tlis affliction! of such ■ lime. Ap- 
plied in Luke ES. SO and Bor. I. IS, bh a Cjpe of tlie nngiuali of loat souts. — SelumoUB: In th« 
midst of the Oalomiticn that ahould ounie upOD the people, death wonM bo prefbrablo to life. Camp. 
Sev. (I. IS, la.— .&rTVB<. Th«e veiyhitUoQ which wen their idolatnimalUn, one eourae of tb^ 
«ODfliIeiiaa, ao far from he1|HTig them, shall be allied on by tliem to overwhetm them. — Fiiaud, 
Ko carthiT p«er ahavlri ke fcani. Bad men In bMl posltloni snd bad laws trvgiienllT Urriiy 

on, but Uiere la DO oiua tor terror. Tbe gresteat at «wn are Uke (be loam on tlie top at the wave. 

Thafr power doea not endure. Onlf God's power endurea. 
eod la a Tny prawM help In Miocvr IrMbie, Our prarer to Jani, It oSared In fsllb tune, tfiall 

snrelr be heard ; bot prarer to the mouaCalDi Bball be in tsIo.— RuuMt. 

9. Tliat reference is here nude to the traiuactioas recorded Judj;. 19. SO then can be no 
doubt The prophet doclana that oa a Datioii his people had all along, from the period rehrred 
to, evinced a diepoaition to act in the aame rcbellioue and uiijuet manner br the Qibeonitea bad 
done. Comp. ohap. 9. S. The worda there thay stood, should be titr4 tluy nmoin, that is, 
they perwit iu wicliadnees — a grsphie eipreaslon of the character of the inhabitants In his day. 
Theae Qibeonitea are stjll— he would aay — wbat they have ever been, a wicked and abandooed 
people. They are aingled out as a fit ipecimen of the whole nation ; and are called ohildreii 
of Iniquity, "»om of aidndnat," to marli the enormity of their conduct. — Hmdtmin, 
The batUe . . . did not overtake theni— Though God spared you then, be will not do so 
now; nay, the battle whereby Qod punished llie Gibeonita "children of iniquity " shall the mors 
heavily visit you for your continued impenitence. Though "they stood" tlien, it shall not be so 
now. Tlie change txtita " thuu " to " ^ey " marks God's alienation from them ; they are, by th* 
use of the thin! person, put to a greater distance from Qod. — Faum^, 

God npoatalalea »m* waraa be fo re pa>laUBg. Bee iLLCSraATIOm. 

10. My dasira . . . ohaattaeeipeeaeeOod'satniikglndinatioil to vindicate Ms Jaatice against 
sin, Bi being the infinitely lioly Go4— Deut. 28. tt. ^ta people— foreign Invaders— aliall b* 
gatberad acalnat them whan tlisy shall bind themaelTea In tlieir two rorrowa — An imsga 
taken from two oxen plowiiuc tOKSther aide by side, in two oontignoeu fll^Towa ; so the Israelites 
ahall join Uiemselves, to unite their powers against all dangers, but it will not. save them ttota my 
destroying them. — Calviii. 

11. Tbe general meaning of this verse aeoms to be, that the £pbraimit«a had iMcn aecnrtomed 
in the plenitode of their power to crush ai^d oppreea othem, especially their bretbnm of 
Judsb ; but thej were now tbemaelvea to be brought into subjection to the king of Assyria, by 
whom they should be placed in cdicumstonoes of groat hardship in foreign couutrjea. Tin meta- 
phors ore agrlcultnrsl. — Htndtmm. ^n^l — That is, accustomed. Ziovatll to tread ont tb* 

. — A far eaiier and more self-indulgent work than plowing ; in the treading com ealtle wer« 



Mat 17, 1891. LESSO 

neck: I will make E'phra-im to ride; 
Jo'dfth fih&U plow, and Ja'cob Bhall break 
his clods. 

13 Sow 'to jouTselves in righteous- 
oeM, reap in mercj; break up jour fal- 
low ground: for it u time to seek the 
Lord, till be come and run righteousness 
upon jon. 

18 Ye 'hare plowed wickednesa, je 
bavfl reaped iniquity; ;e have eaten the 
fruit of lies: because thou didst trust in 
thy way, in the mnllitude of th; tni^ty 

HOSEA 10. 1-15. 

19 Ja'cob shall break his clods. Bow to 
yourselves in right«oaanes«, reap ac- 
cording to mercf; break up jour 
fallow ground : for it i« time to seek 
the LoKD, till he come and "rain 

IS righteousneM upon you. Te have 
plowed wickedness, ye bare reaped 
iniquity; ye have eaten tlie fruit of 
"lies: for thou didat trust in thy 
wHj, in the multitude of thy mighty 


not boiuul toftKher uiut«r ■ yoke, but cither trod It linglr with their, feel, or >trew a thnnbiiiK- 
■I»dg< over it (In. 28. ST, S8) ; tbaj vare free to eat some of the earn, from time M time, w the 
law reqmred tbej should ba unmuzilad (Duut. S£. 1), lo that tfaef ffrew dt ia thia work. An 
iinaga of Israel') freedom, proftperity, and self-iDdulgeuraherekifoni. BatnowOodviU put the 
AtyiJMH yoke upon lier, inatead of fVvedom, putting Iter to aerrile work. I paaMd ovmt 
upon — I put ths yoke upon. — fbiaut. Z wlU make Dphraim to ride — Bather, / aill pla^ 
a ridtr vpoH Aitn--a con^atrer, ako thaB had him/urth from bit Uiod, Thus Calein, Jiottn- 
MfiUtr, i^sdU, and olhen. Tbo Jadifmenta of God veru not, hovuver, to be confined tt> the 
Dortbem klnfdom; the •outhem should aim be involved in tliein. In nhort, they nhould 
overtake the whole poaterity of Jaoob. The prediction wia l^ilulied during the two captiviliea. 

13. Sow ... in TigTilitfrniiniM — Continuation of tho image in vane 11. Prov. 11. 18. Act 
hghteoualy, and ye ahall ttap the reward; a reward not of debt, but of giaoe. In merer — Ac- 
conling to tlie racaaurG of the divine " mercy," which over nnd above repays the goodneis or 
mercy which wa afaow to our fhllow-men. Luke S. SB. — Fatattl. Break np jonr fUlow 
gronnd — Let tbem cleanse their heaita from all corrupt afitetions and lunts, which are aa weeds 
and thorna, and let tbem be humbled for their einfi, and be of a broken and contrite npirit in the 
■enM of them; tat them be fiiil of Borrow and ihaine »t the n.-meubrauoe of them, and prepare to 
lecnive Ibe divine precepts, as tlie ground tliat ia plowed ia to receive tlie aeed that it may tak* 
root. See Jer. 4. S. — JtattAttB Btnrji. The Israelitce had long neglected Jehovah : it was now 
high time to ntum to liia fear; and though they mlglit not meet with immediate tokens of hia 
&vor, they were to persevere in seeking liitti, in the asaunnce that he would be gracious to them. 
Such ill the force of tUL Bl^taoumen — That is, the reward of righteousness — (o^rafMHi, 
tnnponl and aplrinial. I Sam. 20. S8 ; comp. Juel S. 3i.—Faiaift. 

BcchlBs iIh L«r4, bii4 Bsnaa hia, are alDMrt ■TWonyBoaii. No man ever eamestlT sod per- 
sMenily tried lo secure iplrltual power, aud lallrd. 

TfcB aaa>er wa (Iva oaraelvea lo Qo^ ibe brdcr. Bee iLLEaiRanoNB. 

It. TehavenapadinlqnltT— That ia, the fhiit of iniquity; BB"righteoasneet" (ver.ll) 
Is " the fruit of righteouanena." Job 4, 8 ; Prov. SS. 8 ; Gal. 6. T, 6.~Faiattl. From wiuked- 
iiaaa there raaultsd wickedncaa.— &rAnKiU«r. Tmit of Uea— The effects ot> false and hypocritieat 
oondoet in ptofeeaiag attachment to the true Ood while addicted to the wonhip of other deiliea. 
— AvTDiH. The result of this conduct ia not profit, butdiuster and ruin, for ain always deceives 
than who aerve it.— SdknioUtr. Didat tnut in thy vaj—In the wonhip of false f(ods. This 
wai their intemsl Mf^foard, as their external waa the moltltiule of Qieir mlchtr man. 

BarveatMInn aeed-llae In spiritual matten as really and mnaluitly aa in nature. He that sowi 
wlGkedDeas aball harvest iniquity. Bee iLLUsraiTTONS. It la not pmilbla to evade the eternal 
lawiol Ood. Faith In Cbrlsl and tbe practice ol virtue are the oolj nuauu by wbldi permanent 
bapplneas an be prodooed. 


HoaEA 10. 1-15. 

LESSON vir. 

Second Quartek. 

14 Therefore shall a tumult ai 



Huoiled 'Beth'- 
the day of liattfe : the mother 
dashed in pieces upon her childrun. 
i So shall Beth' 'Cl do aoto jou be- 
e of 'ynnr grcnt wickedaeas: in a 
morning shall the kiug of la'ra-el utterly 


Therefore shiill a. tumult aiise 

man spoiled Beth' -a: 
of battle: the mother vas dashed In 
J pteceB with her children. "So shall 
Beth'-el do unto jou because of your 
great wickedness: at daybreak shall 
the king of Is'ni-cl be utterly cut off. 

14. Tumult — A tuuiultuoux war. Thj people — LiCiirnlly, ptopla : the war ihitl extend to 
tlie irliale r«aplo of Linol, clirouffh all Uie tribes and tlia people nllled to her. — Favmi. As 
Bhalmm spoiled Beth-ubel— This fact Ii not known ftom hiitory, and tlie explanation ia 
4l»rel'are unoertain. Skialmun la probably a eontntction for 81iulnune«cr. Furtt undeiBtaikds an 
olitor AH(}'ri«n king before Pul, since tlie name ShalmnncMr never eluwliere apponri nhoitened 
to Slmlmsn, and tlie A»yriuui never engaged in a deatructive battle with Liroel, and Shalmonwer 
-destroyed Samaria forty years later. Betli-arbcl, aucording tn liim, is Betli-arbcl neurGaignaiela, 
mikde fiuuoua later by the victory of Alexander the tiraat. Ktil sappoHos that tlia prophi^ since 
the conqueat of sucli a distant city would scarcely have boon known to the [fraelitea, could not 
have held up the dmiruction of this eity before lliem oa an eiaiiiplo, and would therefore undcr^ 
iStand the Arbcla in Upper (ialileo, buCnecn Sf-pphorii and Tilwriiis, niantionod in I Hacc. 9. 2, 
■nd later by Jotfpkiu.—SchnuAhr. The abbreviation of proper name* is not uncommon in the 
Jicriptara, as Coniuh for Johoiachin. — Jiarroa*. Shalinaneser would seem to bo a componnd 
name, havlii)( tlie port here omiUed in oonimon with the numca of three other Awyrian kings, 
Tiglstti-pileiKir, E^ar-luvldon, end Sbar-cier. — Fauttrt, As Iha oontamponriea of Hoses are 
supposed lo have bean acquainted witli tbia now-fbncotten beCtlt, tbare is reason to believe that 
it took place on tho invasion oftfie kingdom of Israel by the Assy run army. — Jlarrmrt. 

16. 8o shall Betli-el do unto tou— Your idolatrous ailf at Voth-el shall be tite cause of alibo 
calamity befsUiiiff jou.— fauMrt. In a mominB— 'J'lio rolereuee in to the suddanness with 
wliioh llonhes wusto ba u-'ized hy the kiiin ofAiuyria, nn<l au antire end put to the regal diinilty. 
See S Kin)rs 17. 4. The doin)[ of any Ihiii|{ early or soon is frequently eipreued by iu being 
dene at d^ybresk.— ^'A^^rwon. 

Tke Fii«erilBa lUDfiilBm or aln. Tbe Hebrew of Ibe phrase In (be afteenth verse tnnslatnl 
" Tour irraot wickednan" Is Itie evil "f viur edO. The multitude ot our tranagreialoni we will 
never know till wa odudI tbem bi Uie IlKbi at tbe eternal Unme. 

Prosperity Is boI always best for as. Ver. 1.— It is one of tha wont effects of 

proaperity to make a man a vertex iiis'«a>i uf u fouiitain; so tlist Instead of throwing Out ha only 
leams to draw in. — Hiechir, 

The beitinning of NVro's roiKnwea marked by acts of tliegrcaCestkindncsaandeondesoenaion. 
The object of his administration seemed to be the good of liis people. And when he was dwired 
to sign his name to a list of male&ctora that were to be executed he eiolumed, " IwM lo imrru 
leotiUi not write.'" He wai a>i enemy to flattery ; and whan the tienate lisd liberally commended 
the wisdom of his government he desired them to keep liicir piwses till ha deaorvad (ham. Yet 
this was the wretch who assaMiinated his mother, W-t lira to Rome, and throw the odium of thai 
draadlVil action upon tbe Christians. So with tha Emperor Valerian, anJ nuiiiy othun, wbom 
prosperity made uorrept. 

Hr. Cecil hod a hearer who, when a young man, had solicited his advice, l>ut wlio had not tar 
aome time hod an interview with him. Mr. Ceoil went to hia lionse on IiorMbsck, and, after 
aalutolion, aad, " I understand you ara very dangerously nicnatsd." HIa frieud replied, " 1 ain 
not aware of it, air." " I thought it was probiible yoD were not, and therefore 1 liave called on 
you. J hiar ymi art giUinj rich. Take care, for it is the road by whieli the devil leads thou- 
aandii lo dostruolion." 


May 17, 3S91. LESSON" VII. Hosea 10. 1-15. 

We caunol seTTH Ciod and inaminOD. Ver. S.— A teaclier bad been relating to lits 
«liL-u the Mary of the rich m»n wid L»unu ; when he uked, " Now, which would you rnCber be, 
boys, the rich mim or Laznrua 1 '' One boy replied, " I will be the rich Hum while I live, and 
luzarus when I die." That la whnt multitudes are rainl; trying; to be. Buch a choke indicates 
•n evil beail. No man u morally nafu wliile Booubrly sucocseful who haa not «ought/r«t tlio 
kingdom of God. 

'■ I shAll not atlond Subbath-scbool any more," said a youiig giri lo one of her clam. " Why 
not t " oaked her frieod. " Becaute my mother is going to eeud me to tiie daQoiDg-aahool, and I 
tliink it very iDOonHi stent lo attend both tX the same time." 

An Mb^t being ashed by a professor of Cliiistiniiity how he could quiet his conscience in 
so doBp«T&te a state, replied, " As much am I BHtonisliad at yourself that, believing Ibe Christian 
religion to be tree, you can live ro much like the world. Did I believe what you profess, I tkould 
Ikink ao oar*, nottat, eHcaffk." 

Tmth b t(M sacred to be Irlded with. Ver. 4<— As Arclibishop Leighton was trov- 
eliufr one day Arm QIasgow to Dunblana, in a storm of thun^ier and lightning, be overtook two 
men of bad character. They had not courage tn roh liini, Imt to oxbirt money one said, " I will 
lie down by the road as if dead, and you tell the Brelibi»lii>p that I was killed by lightning, and 
bete money of him to bury me." The arehliiahop came up, tptvc the money, and proceeded on 
his journey. But when the man returned to his companion he found biin lifeless, and cried ont, 
" O, air, he M dead ! " The srohbishop discovered the fraud, and raid, "' It is a dangerous tiling 
lo trifio with Ood." 

1 have just been down to the docks looking at the " life hook:-." They are placed there la 
be i«m1 in saving people fh>m drowning, and/or no oth<r purpote, under penaltias. So truth 
most not be employed to serve wrong ends. 

Apoatftsy fVaBiGod bring* woe. Ters. S-8.— A1W poor Sabnt, on Arabian wholiad 
professed &ith tu Christ by means of tlie labors of Hev. Henry Itartvn, Jiad a|xnU[ized fmm 
Christianity and written a bonk in favor of Mohammedanism, lie was mot at Ualscea by Dr. 
Milne, in reply to whooe pointed questions he aaid. " 1 am unhappy I I have a moimtaui of 
burning i-sikI on my head. When I go about 1 know not wlist 1 am doing. It is indeed an evil 
ami H bitttT thing to foisake God." 

In tlio long lino o( portraits of the doges in the palace at Venice one spaoo is empty and the 
■emiihince of a block oorlMn remains as a melancholy record of glory tbrieited. Found guilty of 
tt«HKon igainst the State, Harino Falieri was beheaded and his imago blotted trom nimembrance, 
'Kverj one's eye restJi longer upon the one dark vacancy than upon any ^ine of the flue poKraita 
of the mcnbBiit monarchs. Bo great sin heoomei conspicuous fbr sevor^ rutribution. — Spvrgio/i. 

God exp<Mtnlate* aai warn* before pnalshing. Vers. 9-1 1 .— Tho romniou notion 
about tlie spring of the serpent is mistaken. Tlioee who have watchuil the creature say that it 
gTadaally UDOoIla itself before it makes ita spring. Bo It is with most eulumilies. There is gen- 
•rally time to do somethinii to avert tbom.— .Sir A. Helpt. 

In every (Jock there is what cloek-makers call the wartiing'pm, nlilcb gives notice before the 
olook strikes the hour. 

Aa he (Cesar) oioased the hall his itatue fell and was shivered on tho stones. Borne servants 
perhaps had heard whispers and wishe<! to warn luui. A» lie stilt pnsiwd on a stranger threat a 
■croD into hia hands and begged bim to read It on the spot. It contuinml a list of tlie conspiniton, 
with a clear account of the plot. He supposed it to bo u petition nnd placed It carelesoly amongst 
hIa other iiapers. The fate of the empire huni[ upon that thread, but it was broken.— /VoHrfa. 
, CaptunB., at Malta, saw o ship sailing out of the harbor. Soon ho obscrvod lier suddenly 
tremble, sad sink. She liad struck on a rock, and so severe bad been the shock that she instantly 
went down. It was Ilie voice of Uo<1 to his confcience. He fell upon his knccx exeloiming: 
"Such will be thealiipwreckofmy snul, O Lord, iftliou dost not undertake for me." 

Th« M»on» we itve onrselvea toGod (he better. Ter. 13.— 1 have durinic the 
past year reeoived forty or fltty clilljreii into church membership, (lut of a cliureh of twenty- 
Seven hundred membera I have never liud to e:(eludo a single one who was received while yet a 
child, — -Spvrffeon, 

Not an hoar bat is trembling with destinies ; not a moment of which, once passed, the ap- 
pointed work can over be done again or the neglected blow stroek on the cold iron.— flii*b'n. 



HosRA 10. 1-15. LESSOK yn. Secotid Ql-asteb. 


1. CMIitttiitlmnoUittiinoofHot*. UBwn,pTt>tiafal7,UK>aoccn(iT<irAiiMBn|>o|ihit 
in Uw DOTtbtni kingdoai, anil Uicrefora iniuc have bepu his miniMrj ataz the ckwe uftba mga 
^ JemboMn IL, tbe pv>t king of Lirael^s later annalM. H« lind in an a^ of totaSwBOa nnd 
fteqaent duaga. Jeroboam'n ion Zechanah (like Oliver Cramwdl'a un Biefaard), waa dam afitr 
a tix m<»tlia' Rign ; BLallnm, tbe onqwr, held the throna onlj a monlh ; Veoalian, a anldicT, 
aaiied tlw tlirone aod leigncd leu yean with greal crueiij. Hb ion PekaMah waa dMlmmed ty 
anothat aoldier, Pekah, an able but uoMTUpuloua mler ; and after him oune HoalMa «r &na, tba 
Ian! king of Stunaria. Duhnft all tbcae nipat tW pro[>h(iC Hoaea «aa liTin^ If the tmdttr «ill 
■tody the hntoiy of that troubled time,h« will obtain a clearer QDdeTMaDding of Hona'i fnfbtrj, 

i. Om CBoaa of tbae bequunt ebBDnea ma; be noted, nanidjr, the ft^^tg" ralattoa» ot 
ImumL With Jodah on tfav south then w» peace Junog moat of the period ; but Sfiia agaia 
an>aa ttma ill antiieeljon under Jeroboam IL, and waa a tlinni in the tUe of InneL The gnat 
peril, bowoTcr, arose Iran AnsTria, on llic rirer Hgtia, vhere Tigiath-pileaer IL, or Pnl, Shal- 
Duu, and Sargon reigned m Mic«eaiioD. The growth of Awjria waa the <doad oveefaanging laiaeL 
There were two panics in Samaiia, one eouuMling peace and eubmiaBioa to the ABjrian Empire, 
the other oiging war and iodepeDdencc ; and Uie strifia of tliese parties ■wtn the ficqaeut caoso 
of raTolnli<ni. 

& But the great bvlncasofthia prophet, as of all the prophrta, waa with UMataudTIand. 
The later propfaete of Isnel look but little interest in the policy of the eooit. The; endesTOred 
ta bring the pecq>le into right nlatiim with JehOTah. Notica the aina whiefa aia raboked in thic 

1.) Hs rebnkea the iireligioo*, godlcs spiiit of the times. " land is a luniriant lioe " 
(R. V.) ; bat '■ accOTding to the mnltitode <a fun fruit hs hath multiplied hia ahats," Tcr. I. 
Proqierity has not led it* people to the Lord, bat lia* ea n aed than to tbigit him. Such ia olten 
the elfect of world]; sncoefs at the [Mwent time. 

S.) lie rebokn the dirided heart ot his people. Ter. 2. The; have been tiying at ooce ;o 
■erre God and tlie world. 

i. ) He oooiplain* of the preralence of false swearing (ver. 4) ; refining both to peQUiy and 
profantty. Obairre bow abundaiit even now an all those lonn* of evil. 

4. Tlielc»onBl>oirsalsa thanaidkaf sin. The images shall be de«o;«d; the altan cut 
down; the people carried into captivity and givtn as slaves totbeking of Ais;ria; nun end de*- 
olstion ahall coma to Samaria, the land shall mourn, and tbe pt^mlation shall ha douoyed. 
The next leaaon will ahow how soon the [redaction waa futlUled. It is as uoe now aa ever that 
sin will bring woe npoa tbe unuer. 

5. There ranaina the tender exhortation of ver. IS, which would make a floii^ doae to tba 
Imon. Evan iD the ^oom of IsnKl's overthrow the propliet hdds out a bope of land'a 


1. TO m^l!l *T. ABHIdiXS. — " Hoaes," valoable eipodticn of tbe '*"t^t of the 
pnphat, (iaaasB UAVHiaoit, Tit Erponior, ii, i, ISa-lU. "Tbe Pluphet Hoaaa," Srunxr, 
/«rujiCAHnt,ii,40t, (10. Valuable article by A. B. Datiiwdii, Tit SifmUor, i, I, S41-3e4. 
" Pmplwcy Changed to Hii-tniy," Poima, Cual Oitim of BaMkau^ 51. " Idolalniua PiactioB of 
tbe Time*," Lai&kd, SiiurA a»d Ut Ftilaea, ITS. "Anyrian and Babylonian InaoiplioDS 
ooowraiug HceM, Bhalman, and King Jareb," £. H. Plthftu, TIu SifeiUor, ii, 1, 51-M. 
" HoHK Caniad Off as Foam on Water," Svulkt, Jf^Uk Ckurtk, ii, Vtt. " Hoaa'a Diasp- 
peaiance." Gdku, H<mn ritk Ike BMt, SS8. " Obacene Wonliip of Baal Taking tba Place i4 
Jcbovah," GuKia, IBS, IM. " The Calf of Dan Taken by the Awyriana," Gxmx, IH. " The 
Korthera Propheta,'- Oiiui, SU-SIO. "Hwea's Prophecy of Destructioa," Gem, M2, £0. 
"FsilU Slaughter at Beth-arbel," 8taklbt, Jtiriih Ckurdi, ii, 407, Guus, iv, 3U, MS. 
" Beth-aven," STiLXLCT, fiiJMi oarf iti/of iaa, S01,SI1. "Gibeah,"STA]fLn,41,Sin, 48». "Tribe 
of Ephniiu," SumxT, SSS-iST. "Judah, Ctuiacter of the Tnbe," Staklh, SI. "Diflnw^ 
<^the Thie in Paleatine," Tkiiift Sot OtmtraUf f aowa, Kt. " The Ai^rian InvasiooB," A. Ii. 
Satte. lymk Ligil front tkt Ancient JfosttMsi^ 100, 115. 


Mat 24, 18SI. 


2 Kings IT. 0-13. 

LESSON VIII.— Mny 24. 

CAPTIVITY OF ISRAEL. — 2 Kings 17. i 


TDEK— no B. C. 

FIiACKB 1. Tha Uiicdoin of AMyrim, whioh at this time included MoopntAmia, 

Media, EUm, and Babf lonU. 1. BanurU, the o^ital of ths kiDgilom of UneL 3. HaUh, 
tha diitnet «hiefa Pt»)auj alia Chalcitis. It lis* <firactl7 Dorth from Tluprauua betwaca An- 
tbrmaua and GaoMnilia. — Zniljr. 4. Hkbor — Hero, in nortbeni Aaajria, thera 'b a river irhidi 
ia ^died Kiotmr CAaJta%uM to diatinjfQLih it fr^»a tli« nTor Ci^AoroM or Cktbar in ^Icaopotaniia, 
U atill bean ita ancient name.— in/. Jcviah tisditton flin Ihia aa Habor. Tbis dwgiutea 
nonhem AMTlia, and, inftct, the moanlainons region, the diatriot on the border between Aiajria 
sod Media, tm the aide tovaid Armenia, as the place of exile of the Ten Tribcit. S. Tha livar 
of Qma ia (he tCiael-wen, vhii^ riaea in the northeni put of the Za^roa muse and flowi Into 
the C'aaiHan Sea.— /antf. S. ThBcitlM of tha Kedn— One of the Median ritiea to which Bxilei 
ven taken apfican, from TobH i, 11, to have been S^». It ia inURBinfc to note that in tlie 
]ioax infi^ptioa {alluded to io oar next paragraph] Snrgon clainu to have auhjocted Media to liLn 
awaj. — TtTTf. There ia itill, however, among tlia best acholan, moch UDcertiinlf about the 
limJi[<a' plaoa of axile. 

PKBSOVS.— I. Hoahaa, the iBft Itiogofhiael. !. Uka kiii(ofAaa]>ri»— From the mhi- 
teil we woold naturallr infer thai tliis .\»i\ riim king van no otiier than ShahuaneMr, mentioned 
in TBBB I, bnt tha AMjrian inacripuona show that it was Slulmaoeaai'a auoceaaoT, whoae name, 
&aig«v, aeaDB in Iia. 10. 1. This f:<et by no means cooflids witli our hisUrian, who aimplj' 
alia the enqnanir Uf tittf of jMfria. Comp. chap. 19. 10. In a long inacriptioa disooveiul 
in the palacB of Khonvbad, and caxnnionljr called the " Acts oF Sargon," oecun the fbtlowin^f : 
** I besi eg ed, took, and oeeui»ed the city of Samaria, and carried into imptivity IT.SSi) of its iu- 
hahitaBtn. I changed the funner gOTcrnment of the oountiy, and plaoxl oior it lieutenant* of niy 
awn. Ami Sebefa, ruler of Exjpt, csoie to Kaphia [a citj near the oea-coaM Muth-wort of C«a| 
to Igbt i^iaiiiM me; tber met me and 1 routed tliom; Sebeh fled." This last slatcoKnt gives 
anpfwrt lo the conjecture that it was sonw interference from the bing of Egypt that enabled 
Samaria to hiM out ao long against the Anayrian armies. Sargon eeeoH, therefore, to have Inco 
a usurper, who gained posa ea sion of ttu throne of Aaajria during Shalmane 
a: the aicge of Samaria. — Tfny. 

C In 'the ninth v tar of Ho-aUe'ft the 
king' of Afl-syr'i » took Sn-nu'ri-a nnd 
'canied la'ra-el anaj into As-8yT'i-&, 
■and placed them in Ha'lab and io 
Ha'bor bf the rirer of Go'zan, and iit tliv 
citie* of the Medea. 

In the DiDth jear of Ho-alie'a, the 
king of As-ayr'i-a took &a-mB'ri-&. 

e. Tha rase tells of the end ol 
fany-Sre yean, ftointba death of Solomon and the schism of Jeroboam, till the taking of Samaria 
bj Bhalinaoaa, in the ninth year of Hoshea. — Clarti. If Shalmaneaer continDed to direct 
In ptnm tlie afege of Samaria three years, we cannot be nirprised that the patience of the 


3 Kings 11. 6-18. 

LESSON viir. 

Second Quabtbr. 

7 For fo it wus, that tlie childreD of 
la'ra-el had Biiineii iig&inst the LoUD 
their UckI, which had broaght them out 
of the land of E'gjpt, from under the 
hund of Phn'ra-oh king uf E'gypt, and 
liad feared other icoda. 

6 And * walked in the statutes of tlio 
heathen, whom the Lord cast out from 
before the children or la'ra-el, and of the 
kings of le'ra-el, which the; liad made. 

7 the cities of the Uedes. And it 
was so, because the children of the 
Ix'ra-el had unned againet the Lobd 
their Ood, which brought them up 
out of the land of E'gypt from under 
the hand of Plia'ra-oh king of E'^pt, 

8 and had feured other gods, and walked 
in the statutes of the nations, whom 
the Lord cast out from before the 
cliildren of Is'm-el, ' and of the 
kings of Is'ra el, which tliey ' made. 

Nincvitw WAH cxhuUHtvd, unil Itiut in ibe third fsar they ocoeplcd tliu ruluut t)iu uaurpcrwlio 
boldly procleimod liinuteirkiiiK. In Uio Ejiat it limlwiiyB rjanguroiu fnr tlio n;l(;iiinK prinee to be 
long aniiy IVotii his luccropolid. In tlio kintc'a abucnce every thins hinguialie^ : tlio courae of 
juHlico \» KiiFpcadod ; pablio worku nro Mopped ; workmen sre (lii«hiir)(«(l ; wagcx full ; and the 
pcopis, anxious for better titnen, aro ready to welcotno any pretender who will coiuo forward and 
decUn: tlie throne vucuiit, and diiiiii to tie ila proper occupant. — Bateliniaii, It eceins to have 
been a fiivorito policy of Surtton'H to colonize newly oonquered disttictii by plgcins in them people 
from a dinlutico, anil f<jniiii!){ ii mixvd population which would not bo so likely to plan lEvalt or 
treaaon. — Terri/. See introductory pamgraphs on FzaaoHS and pLioia. 

All aClicUoaa, rlctailj undentood, are "anselsto beckon'* ut to Ood. Ttie nalvgnal practice vt 
Tlrtue would do away with the nuiat ot buman nifferlnz. 

7. Tlie olilldreii of laiud had linned^ — Hero ia the theocratic view of Israel's downfall. 
So momcutoui ii cntoutroplii; wbh the full of the kingdtim of iRiuel that the hiatorian pauses in tlio 
iiiidnlof hiH luirmliva to ilwoll at length upon it> niorul aApecIs.— Jerry. 'Whioh had. (R. V. 
iimita liod.i brought them up — Tliia ominsion niukoH the clauso refer, na it doiw in llio Hebrew, 
exactly to tlio name lima ns "whom the Lord coat out" in tho followinR versu. — Luinhi/. The 
■lelivcninco from E^'jpt wo.* reully the ssloction of larael to be God'a pooullor and covcmint jieo- 
[.le, Eioil. ]fl. 4-a. It wiia not only tho UirinniiiR, lint alao the aymbol, of all divlna jjnico 
loword iKrod, the \ ledco of it- divine guiilant-c. It thorufore ctanda at the heatl of tho covenant 
orori^iiio hiw(Exml. W. i\ Dcut. S. 6), and it is always cited aa tho chiuf and f'undanieDUl act of 
the divine favor. Lev. II. 4S; Jc«h. S4. IT ; IKingsS. Bl^ Pan. Bl. 10; Jcr. 2. S.etc Therefore 
Uiitt author ulaD makes that tho aland-poinl for his review and criticism of tlie hL-tory. — Langt. 
There la B» apology Ibr iheriBaoTilifFlilMrenaf ihe rlghteoua. One cannot expect a Zulu ora, 
iTlar, who baa never heard of Ctirtat. to live Ilka Bt. Jobn. and (IboUKb CbrlMendoin hardly 


hapa all of thctu bare been al 
minds tbe jtreaC wicked nesa ot 

In jour claaa have many of tbem bad CbrUllan bomea. per- 
Uvea within the inOuences of tbo Gospel. Impress oo Cbeir 
lo prlvHegcd turning from KTaoe. 

8. YerscH S-15 contain merely a devclopmctit of what la said in verse T, itiaamuch as they go 
oil to apecify liow, and by what meaue, the children of Iniool "sinned," namely, portly by 
*p0^laIizillg from Jahoroh and falling into idoktry (Exod. W. 2, S), and partly by making for 
theiuaelVDa molten calf-images lo represent Jehovah. Exod. 20. 4. It Is shown in the veraes 
from IB to £3 that these Iransgrcesiona brought down judgnienta upon tbem, and what was tbo 
diaracter of tliOHO judgments. — Langt. Aiid walked In the itatntaa of tlie heathen — The 
Book of Judges ia full of instances of the wiiy in whicli the )ioople again and aitnin fell away to 
tho practices of tlic Canannitcs. Comp. Judg. S. 11-13. — Lurabn. Of the kinss of bnMl, 
ivhlch tbs7 had made — That is, in addition to walking fn fA« »te<u<«(qr'M« A«irAM they also 
obaerred statutes of tlieir kings, that bi, religious ordinances wiiieh their kings had made. The 
allnaion in to the calf-worship established at Beth-el and at Dan, and the worship of Baal which 
Ahab and Jezebel introduced. — Terry. 



May 24, 1891. 


2 Kings 17. 6-1 

9 And the chiEilrea of Is'rB-el did 
secretly * thote tilings that uere not right 
agniDst the Lord their God, and they 
built them high pinces in all their cirieF, 
■ fnim the tower nf the wiitchraeD to the 
fenced city. 

9 And the childrca of Is'ra-cl did 
secretly things tlmt wero not right 
ngainst the I^RD their Qod, and the; 
built them high places in all their- 
cities, fromthe tower of the watchmen 



in* HBiEnuflil nwirealMmlns*. See ILLdhTBatiONB. 

meJa Iea4 to tire. It |b lueleta lo depend oa itoceiit; lor lalTallan. It > aim 

ones noi DeiMne Ihere Us tiod, bu eantxit aerre talm. It be does Dot believe Uut God Ulove. be 

naaoi Kme him ID Ibe aplrit o[ Ihe Gospel. Everr larlulon Id hti con(«pUim o[ sicred (rulb 

will VHI7 bli pnctlce. WhU a men belleTes li of rital imporUDce lo bli Kiur> good. 

P. bnel did MareUr thoM thlnxs thkt were not rlxht — Tlio |i;enonil Idea is, that tliey 

diMli'm-J liw vtorship, arid Hacrilegiouply choagwl Mr oriii nances. — Trrr^. Lltenll)', Tluji cav- 

trtd Jthotak, fktir Oed, onfr with teordi tchich vrert not rl-jkt. TJiuC i', they luiught to «oiicenl 

the true nature of Jehovah Ytj arbitrarj perveniona ot his word. By wonhiping God in wny-v 

of their ovn invention they oonccaled hialj-ue apiritiuil nature, on J made Johovali like the iilolH.. 
— Ktil. fiata the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city — From llio lonely builditiip* 
erected )u> a prolscUan for the flocks (2 Chran. 24, 10) to the InrKCt and ni'ist ttroniily fortiUed 
citic. — iMngi, Thia may have been t, provarhial e);pre«»ion. It is found npiin IB. 8. — Lumbg. 
Exicraal litea ef ir«nblp will nol Mie. They were not wanilne In the lau^ ol Israel. In all tbe 
dtlee, on all tlie mountalDi and billa, under all tbe Rreen trees, there icere places (or prayer, altars, 
and Imases. but Deverttielesa God was not truly known (Acta 17. S3; SI) and no worship of Uia 
true God In spirit and In tratb eiisled. Their heart was darkened In spite at all (heir worsblp, 
(Bom. 1. n. m because ItaeT did not revere the wordot God, and placed lhelrllt(btUQtIer>bu«hel. 
BoltwaiaCtbetlmewbent4iiberapptsred,aDd aa It Is yet wtterever tbe Gospel Is not set upon a 
candlsalldc ibal It nuT Rlve llvbt to tbe whole house. Wliat Is tbe use ot orudlliea It the crucllled 
One dwell not In tbe heart, and If the flesb wltb Its lusls be not crudDed l—L-anot. 
e«Tti Bla Is ifcfl pareat sf open iraasgreHlaB. Every oulnuteou) crime grew tram Its seed 
as really as every oak trom Its acorn. In Ibe hearts ot our scholars there sre suaBestloiu ot evil 
wUcb may be upiooled like weeds, or fostered and trained like petted plants. Covert iransirres- 
sloa always precede* open sin. And we can never escape the resulls of wroog-dolns. however 
carefully hidden. Bee Illustrations. 


2 Kings IT. 6-18. 


Secoxd Qi 

10 ADd ^the; set them up 'images 
'and gruves 'in every bigli hill, and 
un-ler every greea tree:' 

11 And there thev burnt incense in all 
the l)igh places, aadid the faenthen whom 
the LoBC CMried away before tiiem ; and 
trrought wicked things to provoke the 
Lord to anger: 

12 For Wey served idols, "whereof 
the LoBD had said uuto them, " Ye shall 
not do this thing. 

18 Yet the Loud testified ^^inst Ib'- 
ra-el, and ajjainst Ju'dsli, ''by al! the 
Iirnphets, and }iy al[ " the sects, saying, 
"Turn ya from your evil ways, and keep 
my commandments, and my atstuten, ac- 
cording to all the law which I com- 
manded your fathers, and which I sent 
tu you by my servants the prophets. 

10 to the fenced city. And they set 
them up ' pillars and Ash'er-im apon 
every 1 111^ h hill, and underevery given 

11 tree: and there they bumt iaceiise in 
all the high places, as did rbe nations , 
whom the I^RD carried away before 
them ; and vrrought wickc<l things to 

said unto them. Ye aliall nut do this 
IS thiuK- Yet the Lono testifled unto 
Is'ra^l, and unto Ju'dah, by the hand 
of every prophet, and of every seer, 
saying, Turn ye from your evil way*, 
aud keep my commandments and my 
Statutes, according to all the law 
which I commanded your fathers, 
and which I sent to yon by the hand 

10-13. Imacea— The lli^tiniir irord 'a first used of tha stxno (Oen. iS. 18} wliidi Jacob set 
up fors ptllsrat Beth-«l,aiui ll ■eema likely, w it Is ii>«il here and eluwbero in [lie ■ooounta of 
BuJ-noiship, ttiat these objects of woraliip wore not flguros, but of tha natura of obclialt*. They 
were prob>blj for tha nioiit purt of Hloiie, tliough Chose mentionad u biQug-ht oai of the house of 
Baal (S £iQk:a 10. 36) aod burned □iu>t have boan of «oo<I. Perhapa Ihoae under cDver wenDiade 
of wood, and ovarUiJ with precious metals (oomp. Hos. 3. 8), while those out-«f-doorB wwe of 
■tone. — Camhridgi Blbit. Orovoa — Tha word is tiie proper usrou of > heathen goddeas Aikerah. 
Camp. Judg. S. T and 1 Kragt 18. IS. It is snoUiac form fbr Aahtoretb, the goddiva of tli« 
ZidonLona. Ashenh was tlieir fenuUe, ta Baal wax their inale, divinity. In the pluni, m here, 
anil often e1»c«'1iQra. iCaeenutobo uaed in tiio more Rcneral saoaa of idols, oriQUi)i« of falsa gnda, 
and iii.iy well Im runJcred ainiply idoW; tlint is, the Imsge-piHun of Ashenih. This god waa 
worshiped with Himilar linnCious ntca to thoMj of Baal ; refemd (a aa wioked thinKi.— TVrry. 
"Ye ahall nob— The prohibilion ii given in the Ten ConimandmoDts (Exod. £0. *) and rapeated 
in iiiuny parts of the Uw. Comp. Qeul. 4. 10 ; 5. B ; 27. 13. 
Plu'n c«r« Is enr tnm lw< Is wane. See iLLUSTRATIom. 

God ranBM Ulerate Molalry. And Uolatrr doe* not eonilBt only la eastlnff > bnxen ImaRa and 
puttlni II on a pedestal. Id eonslMa la tonsacratlUB our twart's beat aSectlODS lo taj object not 
dlilne : and In the algbc of Che pure God Chore Is Bot much moral dlfferetioa becwean tlw old 
heacbea (WlDfflnit his oensCT In IiontolB golden call and cbe modem Tontbwtkoldollieaanral the 

IL WARHIHa. VarsM 13-17. 

13. Tet ths Iiord teatifiad a^Inat laimel— What rendered thdr eondart tha mora inex- 
cusable won that the Lord had prenerved among them ■ aueoesHion of prophets, who (eatifiod 
agsim^C their conduct, and preached repontanoe to them and the readineas of God to fbr^ve, prct- 
vided they would return unto him, and give up Chair idolatries. — Clarkt. God's vrimeas by his 
prophets was iit fine a witnesH of warning and exliorlation, and hia angsr was long reatrained, and 
not at first grievously kindlod ogaimit tiiem. — litmirulgi BUlf. Turn ya from ronr aril 
le language mmpsn Jer. T. 3 ; 18. 11 ; S3. 3; 98. 13; 33. 15. But the same messaga 


IS ■iKaya soDgkl Ua losl 

reiterating, "Turn tram 
I lalthTul now i 

Le prophets fr 

>t»«p. Patbetlc Is 

four evil waji," In I 
II then; Ityouandt 

B Maluelii. 
ilcture at this long linn ot pnqiheCa and 
r* ot beedlen genetacioDS. God's under- 
M ic will no( ba becaoae ot tbe unfaictiful- 


Hat 24, 1891. 


2 KiHoa 17. 6-18. 

14 NotwitbsUDdiog they wonld not 
be«r, bat "hardened their nectcB, like to 
Che neck of their fathers, that did not 
believe in the Lord their GJod. 

15 And thej rejected hia atatatea, and 
"his coTenant that he made with tbdt 
fathera, and his testimonies which he 
testified against them ; and they followed 
" Tinity, and "became vain, and went 
after tlie heathen that teere round abont 
them, eoaeeming whom the Lokd had 
charged them, that they should " not do 
like them. 

10 And they left all the command- 
ments of the Lokd their Ood, and "made 
them molten images, eaen two calves, 
** and made a grove, and worshiped all 
the host of heaTen, " and served Ba'aL 

14 of my servants' the prophets. Not- 
withstanding they wonld not hear, 
but hardenea their neck, like to the 
neck of their fathers, who believed 

15 not in the LosD their God. And they 
rejected his Btatutea, and his covenant 
tlut he made with their fathers, and 
his testimonies which he testified unto 
them ; and they followed vanity, and 
became vain, and ami after the 
nations that were round about them, 
concerning whom the 'liOKS had 
charged them that they shonld not d o 

16 like them. And they forsook all the 
commandments of the Lord their 
Gtod, and made them molten images, 
even two calves, and made an Aah'- 
er-ah, and woistiiped all the host of 


wltti RoM ■od predooi 
tin aune WHltb InvcMc 
bsoaaar It bad mora Ken 
hmllm llmti iilllm 

th, Tbe Blnda nabol) wbo bu a bolud ctMunber Slled up to tbe oelUnc 

ODn It not to rtcb m Uie drlllxed merebuit wbo bu a nwU [ncaao tit 

In XtM aodTlUM ot botfiMM lUe. And Imal mu not tftiVxaHi eorMied 

proiibMi Hum oUKr ukUods; im troe wcaltti woold bara boon In 

nook. The original hu the ungalar, Iha people be 
Tagudtd ■■ uat haij. Iinel tbrooKhoat the Saripture ia oooitandy raprOBohed h a " B< 
nooked poople." Comp. Eiod. BS. 8 ; IS. ); Daat 10. 18; AoCa7. CI, and parallel pttSMgo 
Camkridgt BibU. 

15. Pollowsd vanitr, and beoame vain — Comp. Jer. fl. E ; Bom. 1. SI. The idol it fi 
(he theocntic Uand-point a nothing, a hrtaik (ootDp. 1 Cor. 8. 4), and therefbre devotioa to it 
ean lead only to omptineee, vanity — utter apitituil miillilimiiiin — TVrry. 

nt dMloe apoMIe* of truth. 

le. And they left (B. V., fonook) aU tha oom- 
auadmanta — The Sevised Veision adopts the most usual 
Tondering of the verb, which is atronfer in such a oombi- 
natian than " left." It is noteworthy that the Aa of the 
caivca Is oonneoted with the oaating away of all the divlns 
law. Aa soon as any other otgect ia set up instead of Ood 
all tliat he valnea haa perished from man's warship. 6al. 
a. U ; Bom. e. IS.— Zumty. Vorahlpad aU the hart ot 
heaven— The Anyrian astnl wotahip was probably intro- 
dnced into the kingdoms or Israel and Jndah in ttie limes 
of Pekah and Ahai, and ciupten al , S and 18. S, 11 show 
I Binr. that it was anonHm in Jndah in the timea of Minamnh and 
Ammon. But long anterior to this it may have been in- 
D with the Baal and Ashtoreth worship of Phenids, for A^Uaeth was not 



S KiNQS IT. d-18. 

LESSON vin. 

Secomd Quabtes. 

17 And " thej caused their sons and 
danghtera to pus through the flre, and 
used '■ divin&tion and ea'chantments, and 
■old " themselves to do evil itt the dght 
of the LoBD, to provoke him to anger. 

18 Therefore the Lobs was voryaTigT7 
with Is'ra-el, and removed them out of 
hiB eight: there was none left "but the 
tribe of Ju'dab only. 

r. ni is. n. ii Jif.'iTtT; n. ui b^ i*. nt'n. r 

■bM. U. W: bLt.t. ^|Klqt> fl. «i !■». 44. I.— 

■■ ^^^ 

17 heaven, and served Ba'al. And thej 
caused their sons and their daughters 
to DHSB throush the fire, and ased 
divination ana enchant nients, and 
sold themselves to do that which was 
evil in the sight of the Lobd, to pro- 
IB voke liii" to auger. Therefore the 
Lord was vei; angrj with Is'ra-el, 
and removed them out of his dght: 
there was none left but the tribe of 
Ju'dab only. 

without a ddaieil character. — Ttrty. On the tamptstion to thin wonhip of heavenly bodies, and 
ita prohiUtloQ, oompare DeuL 4. 19 ; IT. 8. Bee *lwi what is Bsid of HeiekiMi*> and Joiiiah'a 
reformatioiB. That God's people did fall into tiiis «ii we know fVom Jer. 8. i; IB. 18; Zeph. 1. G. 

17. Oaiuad OielT aona and their daushteta to paa« throocli the Am— That the cfail- 
dren offered in such sacriflcaa were actuallj burned is seen trora i Kings IT. SI ; Eieh. 18. SI ; 
and many otlier passages. But IVom the words of Eieblel it msj perhaps be inferred that the 
vicdms were first slain and then burned. " Thou hast taken thy bods and thy daughters, whom 
thou halt boms unto me, and these bast thou sacrificed auto them to be devoured . . . thou luat 
slain my children and delivered them up in caiudng them to pasa through ihe fire unto them." — 
Xtuniy. TTaed divination and enohantmenta — So leoord of this appears in the previoas hla- 
tory of the Ton Tribes, but abundant evidence in the allDsions of oonteinpoiary prophets. So Isa. 
3.8; B. IS; 19. 8^ IT. IS; Hos. <. IS; MIc. 8. I.—Tirry. They "divined" by the use of 
lots and marked srrows. Comp. Eiek. £1. 91, £3. The word tnuulated " enohautmenCa " refers 
to omens derived from sights and sounds. 

rala. Ven. 18-IT. 8ee iLicsnuTiOHS. 

n. THE DOOM. Verse IB. 

iwofall thesIiuimen^oDedin vnaeeT-lT. See note on veraeT. — Trrry. 
n ont of hla ilsht — That is, out of the Holy Land where Jebovahhad his dwell- 
ing ; out of the land of revelation. — Bdir. The language is aocomnK>dated to human ideas. 
God's eye was rt^arded ss specially directed to the land of Canaan, where he had choeeu to place 
hia name. So to be taken swsy ftum that Isiid is a removal Inim his special oversight. — Zwtjy. 
Soae left bnt the tribe of Jndah only — Under this name ill those of Bei^jaminand Levi, and 
the Israelites who abandoned thdr idolatries and Joined with Judab, are comprised. It was the 
Ten Tribes that were carried away by the Assyrians. — Clorie, 

We AooM see OBnaliea tn Uili mirror, and not bring on and hasten Uie ruin at our ratlierland by 
our sins; fOTWbat hoebeleU tbe kingdom ol Israel, or even moie, msybelalliu. Rom. ll.itL— 
Sod eannot leeegalae Imrnn service. (Va. IB.) gome ol tbe Inaelites did not serve Baal or 
AllitoreUi, bnt were omtent to bow before (be braaen call at Betb-eL But lae cannot bribe or de- 
eelre tbe Almlgb^ ; and purltr of beart la a needed (ouDdatlon for true wonblp. 
- iraWB. Bee " 

Hen eomelfmea pow nnpaleftal ftor gntat blesslBgB. Tors. T( 8> — A poor negress, 
gl^)w ui Mauritius, with greet lalxir and long peislmony had saved enough to purcliase her 
daoghtp' f")"^ their oommon owner, and was content to remain In bondage henelf for the pleasure 
of seetng her child fVee. The affeetJonnte mother soon etter happened into a room where the 
daughter was dtting, and seated herself beside her. The inbomsu daughter actually tomed 


Mat 24, 1891. LESSON Vlir, 2 Kings 17. 6-lB. 

around ink rage and exclaimed, "Uow dare you sit dowii in my presoiical Do you not know 
Uiat I am a fne woman and jou are a alare ) Rise inatantljr and leave Iho room '. " 

Socntea, after a long career spent in denouncing the wrongs of hia ago and Ujiag to improve 
its morals, was condemned to death and obliged to drink poison. Dnnte, when Italy wan lorn 
by polidcal faetions, labored for Italian unity with untiring iciil and was rewarded will) exile. 
Columbus was sent home in irons from the country he had diacoverod. He diod the poorest man 
in the kingdom ho had spent his life-time t/} enrich. Bnino, far hia advocacy of the Copemioan 
^■tem, waa seized by the Inquisition nnd burned alive at Homo in 1880. — Dmton. 

We cannot escape tbe resalts of secret sin. Ter. 9.— When a woond in a ■oldier's 
foot ToflMeB to heal, the surgeon examines it very minutely. Each bone is there and in its plaM. 
Tbere is no apparent cause for tbe inflammation, and yet the wound reftiiUR to heal. The surgeon 
probcB until his lancet oomee into oontact with a hard foreign substance. " Here it is," aay* he ; 
" a bullet is lodged here. This must come out or the wound will not cloea, " So secret sin works 
toward desth. — Sptrgtctt, 

Tou have seen a ship out In the bay, swinging with the tide and aeemiog as if it would follow 
it ; and yet it canqpt, for down henaath the water it ia anchored. So a soul may have ita oeea- 
■iooal movements toward heaven, but can make no progress while onidiored to a secret sia. 

A relief Ufa-boat was built at New London thirteen years ago. While the workmen were 
busy over it one man lost his hammer, and it woi nailed up in the bottom of the boat. The boat 
was put to service, and every time it rocked on tbe wavea that hammer was tossed to and fro. It 
wore for itself a track until it bad worn through planking and keel down to the very copper plat- 
ing befbre it was found out. 

Sin's coarse is CTer nrom bad to worse. Vera* 9>IZ.— TheEarlof Boohesteratspped 
so slightly aside from the path of virtue and religion that for a time he still passed for a pions 
man. He threw aside one rtstraint after another till he actually reveled in ain. He Aamed argo- 
roenlB for it. He enticed others to wickednasa, and even wrote panegyrics upon iL 

Catiftt quotes out of the Koran a sloiy of the dwelleiw by the Dead Sea to whom Hoacn was 
sent. They saw no oomelineas in Moses. They snifled and aneered at him till he withdrew fh>m 
tbem. But nature did not withdraw. When next we And thoie men, they, acconllng to the Ko- 
ran, are all changed into apes. By not using their souls they lost them. "And now," exclaims 
Carlyle, "their only employment is to sit there and look out into tbe smokiest, dreariest, moat 
undecipherable sort of universe. Only once in seven days do they remember that they once had 
■ouls. Host thou never, U traveler, fiJIen in with parties of this tribe t" 

To tkose wedded to aln God's warnings are vain. Vers. I3>IT. When the ice 
is marked DANtiEROUS the warning should be suOcient j and when the notice is repented at 
every comer, he who ventures on Ihe rotten ioe will be a suidde should he perish. 

"Will It make a loud noise)" asked a mechonio when buying on alarum clock. The elodt- 
msker let him hear iL It vmt toud, and the man bought it. The Urst morning Ihe eflbct was all 
that he could wish. But hy and hy the effect grow less, till at lost the steeper slept on undle- 
lorbed, and had to leom that no warning will be effectual when the will ia bent on heedteesness. 

A tisveler on the Scotch coast took the road by the sands, which wsa safe only at low tide». 
Pleased with the view of inroUing wsvoa and precipitous rocks, he saw not bja danger. A man 
presently descended the elifi, and by a load halloo warned him not to proceed. " ff y/ntfoim 
tUt ^ot sou lott four lait choMe vf /tcape. The tidce have covered the rood you have passed ; 
they ara nsr the foot of the eliSs before you, and by this ascent alone you con escape." Ue dis- 
regarded tbe warning. His onward journey was airesled hy the sea. The rising waters hod cut 
off hia retreat. Ho despaired of scaling the insccessible cliffs. Ho woe swvpt nwny by the Iritlows 
from a projecting rock on which he took refuge, and fell n \ iotiiii to obstioucy and dlaobcdieni>^ 
— AiUituI Jfwwiim. 

PrlTileges abosed are eventually withdrawn. Ver. 18. Let us remember that 
solemn strange legend which tells us that on the night before JcruHilem fell the guard of tlie 
temple heard a sad voice sayiuK, "Let us depart," and were aware as of the sound of many wings 
passing thim ont the Holy Place ; and on the morrow the iron hoots of the Roman l^onaries 
trod tbe marble pavement of the innermost ahrine, and the heathen eyes gazed upon the empty 
place where the glory of God should havo dwelt, and a torch flung by an unknown hand bumoJ 
with flre the holy and beautiful house where he had promised to put his name forever.— JfoiVarffl. 



8 Kings 17. 6-18. LESSON VIII. Skconi> Quarter. 


1. raie lUl of aamulA. The <apital oftlioTenTribcswiis bniegedtbrae yearn bj the As- 
■rrlani ; Hoshes vaa taken before tbe dly fell ; uid tbe fins) captare was not b; Shulman or Slul - 
muteser, King of Ajwyris, but . hy bis noocewor, the great Saigon, u ii Mated upon one of the 
moDnmeDts. Thui endsd the kingdom eetablished by Jeroboam in 9TS B. C. 

S, The oaptivity of lartol. Deseribe the wholeaale deportation of tbe taruelitM. Buch of 
them as wen not elairi were taken ■ thoiuand miles to the ration around the CuBpUn Sea, whera 
they were settled. From this oapiWity larael, unlike Judah afterward, never retnmed. As • 
people tbey were mingled amonj;; the heathen noes, and lost their eepniale natioiulity. 

8. The oaiua of tha oaptiTltT, The hiatoriun may Bnd the wiuieB of the rise and fall of na- 
tiooa in political movementa, for example, the fall of leraBl fhim tbe rise of Assyria. But the prophet 
Btrikaa deeper, and finds it one word — tin. Notloe the growth In ain which (be lesson deacribea: 

1.) Infrat^wU; fbi^tting the Lord Ood who had made them a nadon. Ver. f . How many 
reeeiTS Ood'a merciea and forget him who gave them. 

i.)Evil (ompanionihip; walking In the way of the heathen. Ver. 8. They took the wiched 
for their assooiatea, fell into their ouatoma, and adopted their lawa. Wl^enever the Church and 
tha world walk together it is the world that leads, and not the Church, as is manifest in bahiona^ 
bt« aoeiety and its patronage of the Church at the present Ume. 

t.) iSftTe< nn,' at first doing secretly the things forbidden by Qod's law (ver. 9); hiding th^ 
idolatry as something to be ashamed of. 

4.) Optn tin,; practicing their abominations publicly, after a little ; setting up images, build- 
ing alCan, baming iiiceose. Vers. lO-lt. 

S. Stjteting Go/fi tatntngtn; revising to listen to the prophets, who were Rent to them, aa 
Chriflt's preochera are sent now to men. Veis. IS, 14. 

S.) Optn apoiiaiy. They renauoeed theservioeof Ood,anddellberatdjadopled thewomhipof 
idols. OhaervetJiat more thanhalf of the world are stjll IdoI-worshipers ; and thateren la onintries 
oalled Christian there ii a oonitant lendenoy to lapse into idolatroua forms, the adoration ofimogee, 

T.) Moral debmtfnait, whioh Is the result of idolatry ; offering their children in sacriflce; sink- 
ing into the loweat and vilest forma of viae. Such crime is atilt practiced in every heathen land. 

Tbe teacher can find ill ustntions nt every step of this downwottl scale in Israel's sin, and can 
make abundant application to our own times. 


1. TO BPZCHAIi SUBJII^TS.— "Asayiiati and Babylonian Inscriptions In their fear- 
ing on the Old Testament Scriptora, Hoshea, Shalmaneser and Sargon," E. H. PLimrrac, Tkt 
Stfotilor, SlS-820. "The Fall of the Horthem Kingdom," Gsiaic, SmtTt iritA th* BiiU, iv, 
814-34i. " tnvB«on of the Assyrian^" Gbieib, 188. " The Leiwona of the Samaritan History," 
Stamlbt, JinntA CAurcA, il, 416. "Exiles in Assytia," 11, 412; "Aasyrian History," A. H. 
BaTOi, Angria, iU Priatt and Peoptt, 2T-&4. " Asayrian Religion," Uatce, BC-S4. " Assyrian 
Manners and Customs." Satci, 12S-14fi. " Only a Small Part of the Ten Tribes BemoTOd to 
Assyria," Sxtde, Frtth LigUt from Ancltat Monttratnh, US, " Seduetion of the Koithem 
Kingdom," Satoi, Fruh Light* from Aneimt Monummit, llS-llfi. " Tablet) of the Times of 
Tiglath-pileeer," Shitb, Aui/rian DiteoDerit; S5S. " Inscriptions and Sculptures of that Age," 
Bawuhboh, Sidorieal IlUatmOiont of tkt Old Tatammt, 134-136. " Hoshea's League with the 
King of Egypt," Kawllhsoit, IBT. " Hoahea and his People Carried Into Assyrio," Bawliksok, 
138 ; Bawliksok, I'ive Ortat ManareMm, ii, SS3. " The Bible Sceord Confirmed by AinyriaQ 
Inscriptions and Sculpturea," Bawlihsoh, Hittoricdl Evidetun, IIT, 119. " Passing Throngh 
the Fire," Tnci, Hand-beok of BibUcai J}ificuUia, 822. " Devil -'Wonhip or Ooat- Worship," 
VaMKtAV, Jfannen and Ouitomt. Iti. " Zabaiam or Star Worship," Fbiekak, 189. " Baalim 
and Ashtoreth," Fbkkhui, 222. " The Wide Division of Boal-WoiBhip," Tkingi Kot OtntraUg 
Knoan, TO. " Assyrian Contests with Israel," Sneg^opadia Britanaica, xiii, 4tS. 



May 31, 1891. 

2 Chrox. 24. i-U. 

LESSON IX.— May 31. 

THE TEMPLE REPAIRED.— 2 Chron. 24. 4-14. 
QOIiDBH TEXT.— Ood lav«th ft ohaarftil glvur.~S Cor. 0. 7. 


THOL — Year unknown; earl j In the reign of King Jo«aIi. 

•PT.AfTlK — Jenualem and tbe kingdom of Jndab. 

FSBSONEL— 1. Jouh. or Jahouh, the eighth king of Judaiii son of King Ah ^ri ph and 
Zitdah. Ha was bom about aS4 B. C. Ahiziah reigned only one year, and at his death Ath*lwh 
his mother [and Joash'e grandmother] reeolved to seat hereelf npou David's tlirone. She was the 
daughter of Abab, and the widow of Jehoram, one nf Juduh'a moat wicked king*. She ordei«d 
all the male meubeis of the royal fiunily to be put to death, and nctuDlly reigned in Jeruoalem for 
■Iz years. But the infant Joaoh had tieen oonoeaiedln ths temple by his anntJehosheba, the wife 
of the prieat Jehoiado. When Joaih had reached the ago of seven, Jehoiads nuddgnly deckrod 
htm king. Athaltah, who was pvobably worshiping Baal at the time, was arouaed by the shouts 
of the people and went to th^temple, where her cry of "treason" only seonred her own ancsL 
She was taken beyond tbe aaored pretuneta, and, with Hatlan, the prieat of Baal, vu put to death. 
When Joaah tiius aiioanded tho throne [BTT B. C] he was probably the only living descendant of 
Solomon. Ha behaved well aa long aa hia nnele Jehoiada Uvad,bDt inthetat^r yesnofbia reign 
beoame relielUoua toward Ood and nngratefiil to Ma truest earthly IViandi. 3, Jehoiadk, 
the high-pricat. He was brother-in-Uw to King Ahaiiah, and therefiin uncle of Joasb. In the 
revolution which enthroned hia nephew ho ahowed great tact and ability. He wa« always loyal 
to Jehnvab, and seems to have been ■ safe and wiae oonnselor. He lived to the aitnordinary age 
of one hundred and thirty, and was burii-d with great honor "among the kings." 

na-RAT.T.nrr. PABHAaa.— i Kings IS. 5-lT. 

4 And it came to pRra after this, that 
Jo'Mh wu minded 'to repair the hotue 
of the Lord. 

Wsnow pass in our lessons from the northern kingdom of Israel to tliat of Judah. 
4. AAn thl>— Probably after his marriage, mentioned In Terse t ; in his young manhood ; 
he had ascended the throne at seven yean of age. Wu minded — Ha waa not compelled to wait 
for the slow processes of a Psrliamant. Hia will was law. To repair the houaa of tha Iiold — 
During the reigns of Joram and Athaliah the temple of Ood had been pillaged to enrich that of 
Baal, and tbe whole stmcturo permitted to fall into decay. Bee ver. I.—Clarkt. 

AlllTWe rAhwu beclD al (be hooH oriheLorJ. What Joasb reall; sougbt was a gmt reform Ot 
manners and laws— the abolition of Molatrr, wblcta in Its mix«l effeMs waa even woise Uian tbe 
utmost dmukenneai and HcentkHuness of modern naUoos. It was sapping tbe IIFe of tlie UnBdom. 
The jMingklng knew tbat be must gel rtd ot It It bis monarchy was to oontlnue. He knew also 
, that the oniT tme way to abolish It wis to have In V» place, vigoroualT condncled, tbe aerTlcn ot 
Jebonh; and be'wlsety began by repairing the bouse 0ltbel/>n]. Modern stsleanien and patrloUc 
dtljena who mourn om- vices OaX Imperii our nobleet Instltatlons. the rapid Inereaw ot the per- 
eenlam of lUllerate people, ilia Increasing power ot tbe llqnor traDc, tbe amaninic ot wealth in 
Ibe hands ot the few. ibe encniactaniente of the Roman OatbolloCtanrcb, and otber public queaUons 
(hat are dally dlscuoed. would do well to Imitate Joasb In their paticy. Th? reform Ibat does not 
begin a( tbe house of Jehorab will not reaeb very far. 
ThaCburfb !■ a aula »lh(nard of Ibe Datlon. Bee ILLDBTMTIOm. 


2 Chron. 24. 4-14. 

Second Qitabtkb. 

5 And he gatlierecl fogcthcrthe priests 
and the I^e'vitea, and anid to them, Go 
out unto the cities of Ju'daii, and ' gather 
of all Is'ra-cl money to repair the liouse 
of your Ood from year to year, and see 
that yo hasten the matter, Howbeit the 
Le'vitcs hastened it not. 

And ' the king called for Je-hoi'a-da 
the chief, and anid unto him. Why bast 
thou not required of the Le'vitea to bring 
in out of Ju'dsh and out of Je-ru'sa-lcm 
the eotlcclion, aeeordiiig to the eomtnand- 
menl of ' Mo'ses the aerrant of the Lord, 
and of the congregation of la'ra-el, for 
the * tabernacle of -witness t 

5 house of the Lokd. And he gathered 
together the priests and the Le'vites, 
and said to them, Oo out unto the 
cities of Ju'dali, and gather of all 
Is'ra-cl money to repair the house of 
your God from year to year, and see 
that ye liasten the matter. Howbcit 

6 the Le'vites hastened it not. And 
the king called for Je-hoi'a-da the 
cliief, and aaid unto him, Why haat 
thou not required of the Le'vites to 
bring in out of Ju'dah and out of Jc- 
ni'sB-lem the tax of Mo'sea the aervant 
of the Lord, and of the congregation 
' of la'ra-el, for the tent ot the teslJ- 

'•■'■■ "I 


o kiwp tbeoi 

6. The priaata and tbs IiOTitai — TlioMcular intsreata of thoM men holpud \> 
Iciyiil. Whenever ths wonhip of Baal prodominatad their " occupation waa grate." Oo OOt — 
Wo out liardi}- Qvcrtatimats ths political iinportntice of such a powerful bereJitary clan, >lrBady 
HO [hoTOuslilj' orgmnizsd that they oould b« readily turned from their prescribed tenipio dutiea U 
tlie g^criag of a public fund. All laraal— ^r, bettor, ait ItraslUn. JTrtan ysKT to year— It 
WIS evidently In a stala of great dilapidation. Tha ZiOTitM haataned it not^Ws nood not 
Boarch farfortbe cause of their Cardineea. The three aouroeaof income on wbicli the young king 
depended for the repair of the temple bad alvaya licoa meaaorably open, but bad probabi; been 
turned by the priula and Levitee to Uudr oirn privnta uao. Tbeae aourcas J>r, Janunrti eiplaini 
na follows: (1.) " The money of every one that paaaetli the aoconnt," namely, half aahekol, aa 
an offering to the Lord. Eiod. SO. IS. (S,) " Tbe money that every mun in net at," that ia, tbo 
redemption price of every one who hod devoted liimself or uiy thing helon^Qg to him to the 
Lord, and the amount of whioh was eeUmsled aocordin); to certain rulcg. Lev. ST. 1-8. (8.) FroD' 
vilt or voluntary c^erlngi made to the sanotuiry. Tlie flmt two should have been puid anoually. 
See i Kings IB, 4. 

ir^Fon wanlalhlBf aanafBlekly aatl iv«ll,d»U vMl™*)' or peiwnariy lapervlH It. A kmg 
tlmebsd paved ilDce Joaali irai drat "minded to repair tbe bnuae ot UieLord." Baodreda ol maa 
>wd told thoiuands ol telloir laborers and lerranta to do a datr. and " aea that ye hasten ; " "iMtir- 
bell" the; " liail«Ded It not." Kmptiaslie tbe Importance at puncIuiilltT, prompcltude, dlUgeDca. 
and tbe oilier tiomel j Tirtuei. 
Kvery one itioaia eoniriaate to a«<*> wonlilp, not only becaoae tnnry dollar la aeadsd, but ba- 
eaoae ever? person needs to Rive bis dollar. Joash could peAapabavelevledatai on tbe Jerusalem 
naboba that wmld bave paid at once for the repair oE tbe temple, bat that would bare done Dwre 
harm than good. People who dO not par for prlvtleces do not value tbem htjibly. God spedally 
trieaea tbe penon who gladly give* ot bis goods to tbe canae ot Ute LcnL Bee lu-csTBATiONa. 

e. The UOK called for Johoiada the ohief— That is, chierofthe prienthwHl, by which, 
however, is not nooesaarily meant the high-prisst. — SchmoUir, "Why haat thou not Taqnirad — 
Literally, aiitd. To hring in . . . the ooUeotian— The "tax" or Bllaa^«unent of Moaea, 
willingly paid by tbe community, of belf a shekel a heed.— Zon^c. It was i poll-tax levied on 
every man from twenty years old and upward, and was oonsldcred as a ransom for tbeireouls that 
there might be no plague among tbem — a sort of eoveeanc with Gcxl. 

Let na have aeal lor Ooi. The people bad Imnutbl moDey In abundance, and tbe pkHu Jebolada 
waa over tte prlMls, and ;el notumg waa done i Jeholada was a jiood man, but not apparently 
zealoui and active ; and piety wltboat leal is ot little use wben a retormatlon In rellitlan Is needed. 
PblllpMelanebtbon wasortbodoi.ploui, and leamed,butbe was a man nf oomiiarattra InaalTity. 
In many reapeeu Martin Luther was by lar his Interior, bat In leal and activity be was a Samltitr 
and consuming are, and by blm, under God. waa tbe mighty Retormatlon rrom the onnipUona ot 
popery effected. Ten tbounnd Jeholadas and Melanctattaom mifibt have wished It in vain : Luther 
worked, and Ood worked by him. In blm, ind tor talm.~(tarjc«. 


3£i.T 31, 1891. 


2 Chbok 24. 4-U. 

7 For 'the sods of Ath's-li'ah, that 
wicked woman, had broken up the house 
of God ; and also all the dedicated 
'thinoB of the house of the Lobs did 
the; bestow upon Ba'al-im. 

8 And at the king's commandment 
' the; made a chest, and Bet it without 
at the gate of the house of the Lord. 

9 And they made '■a proclamation 
through Ju'dah and Je-ru'sa'lem, to 
bring in to the Lord the collection that 
Mo'ses the servant of God laid upon 
Is'ra-el in the wilderness. 

7 mon; f For the sons of Ath'a-U'ali, 
that wicked woman, had broken up 
the house of Qod ; and also all the dedi- 
cated thines of the house of the Lord 
did the; bestow upon tbe Ba'al-im. 

8 So the king commanded, and the; 
made a chest, and set it without at 
the gate of the house of the Lobd. 

9 And the; made ft proclamation 
through Jn'dah and Je-ru'aa-lem, to 
bring in for the Loan the tax that 
Mo'ses the servant of Qod laid upon 

In BBy duly lo nan li dnlklUtrslima M Odd. It Is tba slorr i>( the GlirtaUui 
nlbtloD tbM Uila IbooBbt bu been brouKbi out mora pldnlT by gtrnpal wrllen thu b; luy teaclwr 
btf ore tbe Roapel time. Tbe *paule Ptul especUlj mminaDda m not to be meo-plaum, but to 
CtoBntUliissMlDtbe ORbtatOod. 
OitnetTu are mspoBHlble for ibe dec^of ibelr uib«r4lBatee. Jefaolwla tbe chief wu reopoiulble 
tor tbe taUore at tbe moat imlKnincauC I«Tlte at tbe fartbeat eitremllT of tbe klbgdcon. It men 
properlT tell tbe raapomlbllltlea of offlce In Cburcb and Uate ther would oM n ea^lr aeek It. 
TtM blxher our poalHon tbe Rrealer our reapoDilbllltj. 

7. Pot the aona of Athalikb— Vmxrx euppceed that th«ee " Hons " were the ptieata of 
Baal, but probBbty the phraH refen lo Abuiah with hU htothen anil bnithen' tone (comp. 
SI. IT; a. 8), who may have ahowu their leal for idolatrf at a very early age. — ZSekUr. Broken 
-up the houae of Qod— Btfled it of ita conaecnted tresaurea and lutemptad it« eervleea. All 
the dedintad thioK*— Golden and ailvern veuela, eto., presented at different tinwa hj grateful 

Obc ilBmeT JeMnijFMk HBek |fiod. "Thai wloked woman Athillih "— bow far ber TiolOM Inln- 
ence eitended t Her example deffiaded Che taOn nation. Her aona broke up tbe houae at God. 
Tbe Tlnia of her life worked on until jmn af terwanl, when the laal kins of Jodah nw bll Sana 
UUed before bia ere*, Which wenibeh pat out. See iLLtmraiTione. 

n ENDEAVOR. VenM 8-12. 

8. At the king'a oommandmant thaj made a ohaat — The flnt methods of oollection not 
puning to productive ai wai expected, because of the dilatoiiness of the priests, a new amnge- 
ment was proposed. A cheat was placed at the eotranoe to the temple, into which the money 
given b; the people for the repairs was lo be put by the Levite door-keepers. Tbe object of thie 
chest was to emphasize the sepsintion between the money raised for bi^tling purposes and the 
jitooej deaUned for the use of the priests, in tlie hope that the people would be more liberal 
when they imdentood that thdr ofTeringe would be devoted directly te the repairs, and that this 
work was no longer to devolve on the priests, but to bo undertsken by the king. — Faumd. 
From i Chron. S4. S we learn that this chest was at flnt set b«aide the altar; but afterward, for 
the convenience of the people, was placed ontude the gale. — Clarke. 

B. Made a prodamatlob — This royal edict, ordering the immediate oollection of the 
•aaessmcnt ordained by Moees, would make a deep stir. It would be evident to oil. Baal's woi^ 
shipere that £ing Joash was in eameeL It is likely that the moral corruption of the capital city 
wan much greater than that of the country ; and now thst the court was setting godly tUiions, 
one half of the battle wu fought. 

Tb>Lord leiclb a ebeertlil glrer. When you quote this text to jour claai, empbaslie the adjective, 
not tbe noun. It Is not merely the sItIdk that God dealres, but tbe cheertnlnesa. It Is the bearty 
rendolDit of what service we can for others. It la not tba sold or Ibe MU that Indleatee love, but 
the love tbat la Indkaled by the bills, tbal Qod wants. Whether yon are ibla to glre lltUe or much, 
rive cbeertnllr. 



2 Chron. 24. 4-U. 


Sbcond Quabtkr. 

10 And all the princes and all the 
people r^oiced, and brought in, and cast 
into the cheat, until tbej had made an 

11 Nov it came to pass, that at what 
time the chest waa orouKht unto the 
Icing'a office by the hand of the Le'vitea, 
and when * they saw that there teat much 
money, the king's eoribe and the hii^h 
prieBt'a officer came and emptied the 
chest, and took it, and carried it to his 
place oeain. Thus they did day by day, 
and gatliered money in abundance. 

13 And the kin? and Je-hoi'a-da gave 
it to inch aa did the worlc of the aerrice 
of the house of the Lord, and hired 
masons and carpenters to repair the house 
ottheLoBD, andatsosncbaswroTigbtiran 
and brass to mend the house of the Lord. 

18 So tlie workmen wrought, and the 
'work was perfected by them, and they 
set the house of Ood in his state, and 
strengthened it. 

10 le'ra-el in'the wilderness. And all 
the princes and all the people re- 
joiced, and brought in, and cwit into 
the oheat, until they had made an 

11 end. And it was so, that at what 
time the chest was brought nnto the 
king's 'office 'by the hand of the 
Le'vitcs, and when they saw that 
there was much money, the king's 
'scribe and the chief priest's officer 
came and emptied the chest, and 
took it, and carried it to its place 
again. Thus they did day by day, 
and gathered money in abandance. 

12 And the king and Je.hoi'o-da gare it 
to such as did the work of the serrice 
of the house of the Lord ; and they 
hired masons and can>ent«r8 to re- 
store the house of the Lord, and alao 
such as wrought iron and brass to 

18 repair the hoase of the Loko. Bo the 
workmen wrought, and 'the wofk 
was perfected by them, and they set 
up the house of God 'in ita state, 

10. An the piiiioas and all tlie paopla nloioad — Even idoliCroua piincci would find 
It to their mlarest to fbllow the ezsmple of their king ind wonhip Jehovah, ind the " people " 
would ImlMte the pilnoee. When the fuhioa wu once sat It becune a osuse fbr njoudng. The 
devout would 4lt the more oheerfiill; pay choir taxes sod make their volunlary contributioni, now 
thuthey had good reason to expect the epeedr reetonitionof the temple. 

11. At what time— The first oliiue of thie vene ehonld raad, "And it came topeaaatthe 
Umi when one brought Che chest to the aurvey of the king," that in, for the royal iurreillanae or 
keeping. — ZBckUr. 'Wlien thaj saw — BMaT, en tMr teeing. Whenever the I>evitlcal caretaken 
saw that the box vaa IHiIl It became their duty to pau it over to the king. The Uns'B loiilM — 
Joaah aeot his aeoretary along with an agent of the high priest to count the money in the oheat 
tnym time to time, and deliver the amount to the ovaneerof the biulding, who paid the woAmen 
and purchaaed all necenaiy materials. The ouatom of putting aums of certain amoonts in bags, 
which are labeled and sealed by a proper officer, la a common way of using the currency in 
Turkey and other Eastern countries. — Jamifoti. Tba hl^-priait's oSora — It was neceeaaiy to 
sisooiate with the high'priest some invil authority, to get the neglected work performed, but 
the priesthood must not be ignored. — (Xartt. VhoM ttur dtd dar br day— Literally, " to 
day by day," that is, every day when it was DaaataTj, eveiy time that the chest was ftall. — 

IS. ^e king and JaholadA— The dvil and ecclesiastical heads of the nation. Snidi. as 
did the work — Literally, fotAtworjt-nuuter; aa wewoutdsay, "totbecontraclor." Thesarvloe 
of the hooaa — That is, the labor needed for the repair of the boose; not at all ritualistio or de- 
votional service. And hired — "And they were hiring." They were compelled to hire new 
men daily, for the work wasputhedwithincreasingenergysathB liberality of the people increased. 
ICaaona and oarpentars — From tills we see how great the decay must have been. 

m. THE AOOOMPUBHBCENT. Vorsas 13, 14. 

IS. The work waa perfteted by them— Furthennoe was .^ven to the work by their 
hand, — JfarpAfi. In hia state — Literally, "in its form," or, "on its measure;" that ia, in 
the original proportJona. They restored, bb far as possible, the plana of Bolomon's architect. 





Hat. $1, 1691. 

14 And when tbej hoA flntehed it, 
they brought the rest of the money be- 
fore tlie king &nd Je-hoi'a-da, 'vhereof 
wen made vesaels for the hoQK of the 
Lord, «wn TesBeU to minuter, and 'to 
offer witiol, ftnd apoone, and Teasels of 

Caud BilTer. And they "offered 
t-ofieringa in the honse of the Lobd 
GontinuftUy Ml the days of Je-bot'a-da. 

2 Chboit. 24. 4-14. 

14 and strengthened it. And when they 
had made an end, they brought the 
rest of the money before the king and 
Je-hoi'&-da, whereof were made ves- 
aela for the house of the Lobd, even 
TesKls to minister, and ^to offer 
withal, and spoons, and vessels of 
gold and silver. And they offered 
bnmt-offeringa in the house of the 
Lobd continually all the days of 

n>Sth mMl hssBiT ■■ Gad's ia,metmawj. Bee Vm. M, S. Bolomoa eracted ■ beKutlTul |anble 
In Nona snd bnm Then be ralnd the tm plUan Juhln uhI Bou!. Om wu typical ol ■traOBUi. 
md tin otbv rapmaoled lieantT. tad lUmudlc wrlMn lell lu that (be puiir trplctl at beauty 
m HI nuMtra In lU propratloiu Uut Tlillm mppaied it wee StreoKlli ; irhUe tliat Belled 
Knoslb wiM aa Kraoefal It me often mlitakai [or Bauily. TbU bi Clod'i Idee] lor ui an. Our 

xootj tad woodwork was 

We iheBM pcnerere aXU we ncowd. see tLLUSTKAROKS^ 

14. Wlien thej had finlilied-Whei> ths r«toretloD of i 
oonddered complete. The raat of the money — The oompIetioD of the 
ti.|i«tjH the llbetallly of the people. Teeeeli to "'"<■*"■ — Altar veeaele (oomp. Num. 4. IS), 
ftom which cape (Eiod. SH. S9) and other gold and lilTerveieeliiarethetediMingidBhed. — ZSekUr. 
And. thaj •Steed bumt-oflbiliisa . . . aJl the da^a of Jaholada — Aa long as he taul tha 
dlTMilIon of the temple-wonhlp It waa oonducted in a te((ular and legal way. That it quits 
oeaaed after Jeholada's death nuther the praaenC phraae nor Uie sulMeqnant nanatLve afflrma. — 

TfealBlBntieerB MlTdiBrHitor. Jebdada waa a Utile lax In tbe lint reraea of Ihli teMin, bat 
the atreufflh ol bli character la notaUr ihown Ihrougboat tbe Uatorr of King Joaib. Aa loag a> 
be Ihed Jcaah waa tbe cbampkn at Jeborab'i worablp. A beaiiaiul le»on could be drawn br 
oontnuUDK " tbat wicked womao AUwUab " with Ibe Aims and ploni intaat, wboae abear monl. 
tsTce ncDH to baTa Kept tbe UDsdom lor jmn taUUol to God. 


Tke Cknrck la » w»mlm Mtftgnard or the Batloa. Ter. 4.— The nnd-reed, which 
gtotrt alODf; Uia aand; ahorea of Europii, repreaeotB the iofloence of religion upon lodetf . Its 
roota penetiate to a ooniuderable depth and ipread in all direcciona, Ibmiiiig a net-work which bioda 
Iccctber the looeeet aands; while it> Ktrong, tall leavea protect the lur&ce from drought, and 
alEbrd afaelter to small plants which aooa form a new green aurbce on the bed of aand. But fbr 
the aand-reed the saa-wind would long ainoe have diilted the aand far into the tnteKor, oon- 
Taitinff nun; a ftiutftil acre into a waste. The grass causea the sand to snooessftillj rcaist ths 
most Airions gale. — Httrtmg. A Ag\in of the Christian Church. 

Ererr oae shonld eontrtbate to God's worship- Ver- 9> — "None shall corns be- 
fore me empty." The poor man waa not deprived of worship. He oould bring hta turtle dovea, 
or, If nothing else, hia little portion of flour, wine, new oom, or sprinkling of salt, ffhe poorest 
most not oome empt;.— Todd. 

A pots' widow oontributed Co the Dorpsdan Branch of the Kusaian Bible Society a ruble, and 
to the question whathsr that sum van not Coo much for one in her droumstanoes, she anawered : 
** Lovt U not afraid of giving too miuh." 

On a oertala oeeaaion, after a sermon in Bronghton Place Charch, £dinhut]ih, a man put a 
eiown pieoe (a dollar and a quarter) on the piste inatead of a penny. Vhen henotioed hia mistake 
he roqaoled to hare it hack. Ths door-keeper said ; " In onoe in forever." " Aweel, aweel,'* 



2 Chhon. 24. 4-14. LESSON IX. Second Qcaetkb. 

grunted the unvilling River, " I'll gat credit for it in be>Tea." " Ni, n>," mid Jeoou, " Ye'U 
got credit only for the penny." — Dr. Bmn. 

The higher onr poBltlon the greater onr reipontlUlttr. Ter> S* John Brown, 
of Haddii^ton, nudto » younji minister who oomplained of thesmallneuof hia congrcgBtion; "It 
Is as Isrge s one as you vill vsnt to give socount for in the dsy of judgment." The admomdon is 
^propriate to more thaii ministers. 

Obi siDners deatioretb much good. Ver. 1. A child playing; with matches ouaed 
tiie destruotion of two hundred and thirty-two bouacs iu the Hungsrinn village of NemedL The 
«ntire popalsUon was thereby rendered bankmpt. 

la some rsilwsy cairisgeB thoy put grease in a box over the wheel. The fHotion causes tha 
grease to melt, and enables the wheel to \pt round smoothly. If the supply fiills the wheel will 
get hot Bad set the carriage on fire. One day the cn^necr noticed one wheel uiu hot. In ex- 
amining: it ho found a number of flies had got into the grease box and prevented the flow. So the 
little flies stopped the huge train. — VoMgluM. 

We should penerere in good work till wa Bnecned. Vers* 13, 14. An old 
man whom Mr. Thornton had In vain urged to oome to church was tAken ilL Mr. Thornton 
went to see him, bat the patient firmly said: "I don't want you here; you nisj go away." 
The following day he called again, and reoeiTod a similar reply. For twantj'One dsys success- 
ively he paid his visit, and on the twenty-seoond suooeeded. The old man recovered, and become 
one of the most regular attendants in the house of Giod. 

Cyrus Field, Palisay, Goodyear, Stevenson, Edison, and other Inventors fUrniah fine illnstrs- 
lions of perseverance against great difficulties. 

When the wall of old 8l PuuI'ii, London, was pulled down, Sir Christopher Wren came to a 
'piece of fbrmidable old wall. A battering-ram wan made and plied against it for five days withont 
apparent eOed. Then at a fpven blow it was crushed to pieces. The people uld : " What a blow 
that vras, to bo sure 1 " Yet no* that partiadar blow, but the mtaaioit of efforts, brought it down. 

1. Call attention to the two kfngdonu, laroel and Judah. Draw a map showing the boun- 

ilarlea of each. Hota that, having completed the story of Israel, we now turn to that of Judoh. 

3. It would be well to name the Unci of Jiiitlt, down to Joash, and with tlie more im- 
portant to give aa event or a trait; as, Behoboum thsflnt king, Abijsb the sbart-reigning, Asa tba 
reformer, Jehoshaphat the prosperous and pious, Johoiom tba onwoitby, Ahsiisb the olain, Ath- ' 
«lisb the nanrpor, Joash the yonthflil. 

S. Tell the interesUDK story of Tooah, the boy-king ; hii concsolment In the temple, tho 
Tevolation wrought by Jeboiado, the ilaagbter of Athaltsh, the eoronaUon of the child. 

4. DtBOribe the temple, its general plan — court, ■Itkt', holy plaoa, holy of holies, and cbom* 
bers fbr prieata. Show its eooditlon at thin time, and how it come to be in auoh a condign. What 
wailbe difference betwoan the ancient temple and ■ Ctiristion church I Are there reasona why 
-churohea ohould he noble irahitectanil stnictures I 

G. Perhaps Joash was led by a grktefol memorj to repair the temple. What did he owe 
to tbst house I What do we owe to Ood's bouse and God's poople ) How ma; we ebaw onr 
gratitude t 

8, Notice the flrat attaavt at raising the money needed for the repairs of Iha temple. Who 
originated it I What was its suocess or fiulural Whose wis the fault I la there any soggestlon 
in this for our own churoh work 1 

T. Desoribe the fl»i«innt»l plan for the repairs in the temple. 1.) Ita royal origin. 2.) Ita 
popularity.. S.) Its working. 4.) Its Buocesa. Notioo that those who wonhip In God's house 
nre apt to be liberal givers toward iL How mush of tlie tienevolance of our time is among the 
«hDrDh-Ridng people I iDSdots are rarely auppoiters of charities. 

8. Show what woa done with the money raised. How honorable the work of those who 
were oslled to repair and decorate the house of the Lord I What similar work may we do for the 
Church I In what epirit should our church work ba wrought t 

9. Notice as our Bzample in this work, that we find here : 1.) A voluntary offering. &) A. 
rqj<dcdng offering. 8.) A liberal offering. 4.) An offering to God's esuse. 



Hat 31, 1891. 

2 Chron. 24. 4-14. 


1. TO BFXOIAIi SUJiilllOl'S. — "TheBcBction Agoinst Heathenism," Onui, Eovrt 
irilk tht mill, iv, 13a-i;5. " The Bevolution under Jeh<H*da," Okikii, iv, 147-143. "£e-, 
pain of Uie Tcntpls," Gbieii, iv, 160,151. "Idolatrj Under Athalioh," Geikik, v, 34. 
*' The TeTnpleItei-eDuca,"Ei>Eie8HEiii,7K<7emj>I<, 47^0. "Athkliuh," Stamlet, J«u>wA (7AureA, 
ii, IM. " Bevotution ofJehaluila," 6t>nlet, 43T. "CoroaationaudKcfomisofJouih," Stahlei, 
43S-U1. " Gifts to the Temple," JoasrHui, JtmiA Aniiquitia, Booli V, SS 4-t. " The Foveit; 
of the Psoplo while Living iD Tents," Thohsoh, Zand iin(JfA<.A>(d,i,«S5,45S. >' Ilistorj ofthe 
Timoi of Joa^, King of Judab," Siurn, Old Talam^at JTittory, 54$-548. " Atbillah, Ehughter 
of AhiV Kino, Hitli HiOory, 6tT- "Cnrse of IdoUtry," Kitto, BSD. "Athaliah Beoomes 
Suier of Judah," Kitto, B31. " Jeboiada Ketorms the State and Ko-eEtablishes tlie Beligious 
DnUefl of tiie Temple," Kitto, SIZ. 

S. TO SSSSaeOTSa AJSm AJmaSBBBB—Tht Old TtitamaiiaLit!i7igBook,&..P\it.iM, 
ST. SibU Chitdrtn, J. Wielli, 159. TAt City Youlh, J. Truk Datidmh, 253. Tht Bt-opaiin'g 
rf tit Temple bg Jfhoiaiia, C. Simeos, ir, 151. Tmntltni Rdigion Extmptifitd in Joath, J. Mii<- 
MXB. SttHdneit of UUing, H. Nbvtoh. Soift Vompam, SS7. IIall, iv, Sa2. Qifli, EhIBsoh, 
i, 69T. 

LESSON X.— June 7. 

HEZEKIAn THE GOOD KING.— 2 Chron. 39. 1-11. 
QOIiDBN TBZT.— Tham tbftt honcff me I will bonor. i Sam. s. so. 

TOOL— TtS B. C. FULCK.— Jerqaalem. 

FKBB<»ra.— 1. HaMkUb, King of Jndah, BOD of Ahu and Ab|jah, born T91-T50 B. C. ; 
b^an to Ttaga at the age of tweot^-flve, and oocupied the throne twenty-nine y aan — 7S$-<t97 
B. C. ne was a thorough refonner of religion ; a brave defender of Jiia nation ; Bingulnrlf 
wiae in his numagcment of Ananoe ; he improved the water supply of Jsruaalem, and l>y bis nt- 
tentimi to the needn of his subjeets, his literary alcill, and his preservation of genealogical records 
lie impnaied his ohaiacter deeply on bia limes. 9. Abljkh. Of llezekish's motlier nothing ia 
known, ebe is eatlod Abi, S Kings IB. 3. 3. ZMhuiab, the king's gnndfkthor, ia only men- 
tionod in this conneetian. 

COHnSTBOFSTSOi XiXm'KB. — Joash continued lo nerve the true God aBlori;[ as the good priest 
Johoiada lived, but afterwsrd becsme an idolster. Zechnriah, the prophet, son of Jahoiada, was 
■toned to dasth for reproving him. Jouh after a reign of fort; yean was akin b; his aerv- 
anta, and auoceeded by his son Amaiiah, a bid man. Amaiiah was slain SIO B. C, and suo- 
«eeded bj his son Uzziah, vho reigned flfly^two years, and vras a wise, good, and sucooAsM king. 
Secauae of Irrcvercace in old age he was smitten with loproay. His son Jotham was appointad 
ngent, and succeeded him on the throne, Jotham was fallowed by Ahoi, the most wicked of all 
the kings of Judah. Juilah waa invaded by Pekah, King of Israel, tn allianoe with Kedn, King 
of Domaseos, The intended allianoe of Ahai with Assyria was denounced by the propliet 
lo^ah. In TSS Hezekiah succeeded Ahoz. — llnrit. 

1 Hez'e-ki'ah 

' iDegati to reign vhtn 
twenty yean old, and 

' Hez'c-ki'ali began to reign when be 
aa Ave and twenty jesrs old; and 

«r>Ml, 9. 

1, S. — TTniftWah b«gui to tsIkh — Amid the most heathenish auironndlngs. His blSba was 
the wont msD who ever sat on the throne of Judsh, and tlie idolatrous religions which competed 
with the rallgion of Jcliovoh for the favor of tlie young prince were seductive and captivating in 


2 Chbon, 28. 1-11. 

Skcond Quabteb. 

he reigned nine and twenty jeats in Je- 
ru'ss-lem. And his mother's name wat 
A-bi'joh, the daughter 'of Zech'a-ri'&h. 

3 And he did tAot tehuA ma* right in 
the sifrht o( the Lord, according to all 
tbbt Da'vid bis father hod done. 

S He, in the ' flnt year of his reign, in 
the first month, * opened the doora of the 
bouse of the Lord, and repaired them. 

4 And he brought in tbe prieBtg and 
the Le'vites, and gathered them together 
Into the east street, 

And teii unto them, Hear me, 
;e Le'rites; 'aonctify joursolvcs, and 

he reigned nine and twenty yeara in 
Je-ru'sa-lem : and !iis mother's name 
was A-bi'jah tbe daughter of Zech'n- 

3 ri'sh. And he did that which wn» 
rigiit in tlie eyes of the Lord, accord- 
ing to all that Da'vid lii« father had 

8 done. He in the first year of hi» 
reigu, in the first month, opened tbe 
doors of the house of the Lord, and 

4 repaired them. And he brought in 
the priests and Le'vites, and gathered 
them together into the broad pUce oD 

B tbe east, and said unto them. Hear 
me, ye Le'rites; now sanctify 

thvir migaifloance and thg pictiinwlue license of tlicir ccrsnionioa. He relgnad nine and 
twentrroal* — Long b«rora he Was bom tlie JuJean power h*d begun to wane. God's providence 
is evidently interwoven through the history of thoM yeus. Did that whioh iraa iliht— Ukda 
a ftUl and IrreTootble choice of Che Jehovah religion. 

Mom riiahie Hade early In Utg. BaekUA did t&U which wu il«bt Id the >l«bt oT the Lord wben 
he Moendod Ota throps, but doubUesi jemn betora bli corooattaa he had stiidleil Um law or the 
Lonl, and turned bis hack upon Idolslroua rltea. OUier lessons Ibis Tear have bronoht to view Ibe 
fact that the great maJoritT of eonvflnlonsocoar In early llCe. Tbe boiM at e«abllidiinsC>itMlBii 
Aaiaeter tn aoy of tbe bora and girls rou love dlmlnlsbca wonderfnllT with each paaliig week. 
Be |>r*airt. In the llrst mimth tbe doors of tbe lemple of the bouse ot tbe Lord wrre thnnrn open. 
Tbe dlflWuilHtit were great. Tbe oourt mar bare been stilt In mourning becauM ol tbe deatta of 
Abaa. Bat HeiAlah did not wait lo get ready. HothlDK could have been promtriar than bis de- 
cfiloii. and hU aoHoo lollowed It doeely. 
a*o4 mum eAea ewe nnch to fO<\y parealage. It has been iDproaed tbat Benklah's rootber's 
InOnenoe counteracted that of Us talber. Bee lUiDSTKATioNS. 


S. He In the fizat Tear of the reign. In tha flnt month — That li, tn NIsan, the flnt ntontli 
of the eoolniastieat year, notln the first month of the reign of Henkiah. How nuiny months lie had. 
reigned when, in the first month of the new year, he began his measures of refiina remains uncer- 
tain.— Z^fUrr. Opened the doon — Caused the ritual servtoe to be lesumed. And repaired 
tliem— overlsylng them withgold plate. See 3 Kinge 18. IS.— Zas;*. 

The value sfseaniM reUglea In high plana. Tbe nation ot Judsh was (IouU»4iiIi>ded. lu«ld- 
Kmi seem to have been almon equally lUvlded between Uie true and the falae worriilp, lo that 
(he temper of ibe Ung and court In each sucoeedlng lelgn Sxad tbe dominant worship during that 
ndgn. Ot what great value, tlien. lo the cause of vlitoe Id alt ceuturlee was tbe aueewlon of tbtt 
good klDg Benuab I And rellilea In high places !■ si vatoable to-day as It was tbeu. 
It la wise ta make a (ao4 start early. Bee IlLCStbitiOhe. 

4. Brought In the prleata and the Zjaritai — Like all iiia righteous predeoeesors on thir 
throne, he relied on his great ccctoaiaatioal body for suppuit la these reromiatory mMSonu. nia 
•••tatreet — The eoortof the priwtn, which fronted Che esstem gat« of the temple. Assembling 
the priests and Levttea there, he ei^joiaad them lo set about tiie immediate purlflcatlon of the 
temple. It doea not eppear that the order referred to the removal of idole, for objccu of idolatrous 
bomage could ocaroely have been put there, seeing the doors had been shut up ; but in the tbrsakeD 
and desolate state the temple and its oourta had been polluted by every kind of impurity. — 
Jamitnyit, The phrase is really '* tht broad wof (ff tht tatt^' and may refer not to the inner 
court, but to an open area outside tho whole temple building, on the south-east or cast. Comp. 
£na 10. t ; Keh. 8. 1, S, U.—Zikkla: 

5. SanotUynowroturaelvea- An indispensable prerequlalta for a worthy and effectual per- 
foimanoe of the busineas of devising the temple. Coinp. ver. IS ; Eiod. IS. 10.— Lange. I're- 


aanctifj the house of the Lord Ood of 
joar fathers, and canr forth the ■fllthi- 
new out of the holy plaee, 

6 For OUT fathers have trespassed, and 
<]oae tAat tehieh wot evil ia the eyes of 
the LOBD our Qud, and have foraakea 
him, and have turned * awa; their faces 
from the habitation of the Lord, and 
'turned their backs. 

7 Also * thej have ebnt up the doors 
of the porch, and put out the lamps, aud 
have aot burnt incense nor offered bumt- 
offeringa in the hoi j plaei unto the Ood 
of Is'ra-el. 

8 Wherefore the 'wrath of the Lord 
■woa upon Ju'dah and Je-ru'sa-luin, and 
he haul delivered them to ° trouble, to 
tutonishment, and to * hissing, aa ye see 
with yonr eyes. 

NX. 3 Cheok. 39. l-ll. 

yourselves, and sanctify the house of 
the Ia>rd, the Ood of your fathers, 
and carry forth the lilthiDeas out of 

6 tlie holy place. For our fathorB have 
treBpaased, aud done that which was 
evil in the sight of the Lord our God, 
and have forsaken hioi, and have 
turned away their faces from the 
habitation of the Lord, and turned 

7 their backs. Also they have shut up 
the doon of the porch, and put out 
the lamps, and have not burned in- 
cense nor ofiered burnt-offerings in 
the holjplace nnto the God of 1b'- 

8 ra'el, Wnerefore the wrath of the 
Lord was upon Ju'dah and Je-ni'- 
sa-lem, and he hath delivered them to 
be 'tossed to aud fro, to be an as- 
tonishment, and a hissing, as ye see 

ekalf kow&r HexekUh's mom ing would accord vlth our own, wem we to use hUphrawa, It is not 
«uy to deCemiiDO. But the root idea U sU events wu the same. The wont people in Isntel, 
pnKttOBllf , durini; the long atnigfile hetwaen Bml and Jehovah, were rot Bui's honest ehvnpions 
<wh<i mna originally from Ttts), but the easy-going mnltitade, who were by cum pagans and true 
wonhipen. If it had not been for thorn Idolatry would have been aoon rooted out. Now that 
the reform waa again be^n, thennnastbenahalf-heartedserviae among the relbrmeis. They must 
be wholly oonBecroUd to this work. BanotUy the llaaM of the liorA — Mor« than once Idol- 
■trona aaonea had been pimued in Jehovah's sanctuary. Heiekiah wonld have his nnovaUon 
complete, mtliinaaa may tvfer to pagan atUohmenta. EoIt plaoe — The aanetuary ; tlie 
temple proper ; in distlnclion baia the courta whioh autrounded !(. 
H>ll>e« becoBiea Qe^'a booM aail pMpto. See lUITSTaiTIOHS. 

9. far aax fathara have traapaaaed — Abat and his oontemporuiee, for the ■latemant in 
verse 1 eultn these only, — ZSctUr. Tamed awa7 their beea — Both literally and figuratively. 
They had deserted the historic sanctuary, becauae their hearts had become estranged from the Ood ' 
of their bth BIS. 

The daijr of lurrorlag on Ihi iwoni* ef ear Aillien. "Our lathers have trespaved," odd 
BeieklBti, and Lti«e wbo beard blm douMlen Mid to (bemselTes. It was your lather led them to 
data, (or Ahaz,HezekIa)i'sIa(ber,was a wicked man; but now the king proposes to motd mailers. 

7. AlsotherhaTeahntnp the door* ^ the poTob,andthasof the wliole temple, for only- 
through the pordi was there access to the holy and most holy place ; comp. SB. U, where also the 
tie* altar of humtHifferiTig erected by Abas in the court alter the heathenish model ia mentioned, 
which the chroniit, according to our passage (" nor offered bumt-offering"), regarded by no 
meam a lawful place of von\<ip.~26(Her. Put mit the lampa— Which should have been kept 
constantly alight before the Lord. Have not burned inoenaa nor olbred bomt-offlsrinci — 
The degisdation of the nation muat have been great when the public worship had been allowed 

8. Wliarafbrathe wvatlK^the Lord, etfl.— Comp 19. 3,10; £4, 18; 8S. 26; andforthefol- 
lowing strong terms: trouble (properly, l')mir), aatonlahmant, and hisalnt:, Deot 38. tS; Jer. 
1>. B; SM. V ; 29. ; Ijun. S. 16, and alao chap. SO. Tl As ye aee vrlth tout eyea — Hexekiah 
probably refbis here chiefly to that dreadful defeat by the Israelites in which a hundred and twenty 
thousand were slain, and two hundred thousand taken piiMuen. See the chapter 18. 6, 3, — 
Wiidm. For yean Judah had been as wheat between the upper and nether grindnCones, 


2 Chron. 28. 1-11, LESSON X. Second Quaetkb. 

AuthoriMd V«.loil. 

9 For, lo, "ourtatlicra Imve fallen bj 

8 with your eyes. For, lo, onr fathers 

the sword, and our sous and our daugh- 

have fallen by the sword, and oar 

ters and our wivea ar« in captivity for 

10 Now it M in mine henrt to make a 

sons and our daughters and our wive* 

10 are in captivity for this. Now it la 

"covenant with the Lord God o( Is'- 

in my heart to make a covenant with 

ttt-el, that his fierce wrath may turn away 

the LoKD, the Qod of Is'rsel, that hia 

from U8. 

fierce anger may turn away from us. 

11 My sons, 'be not now negligent; 

11 Mj eons, be not now negligent: for 

for the LoBD hath " chosen you to stand 

the Lord hsth chosen jou to stand 

before him, to serve iiim, and that ye 

before him, to minister unto him, and 

should minister unto him, and *bum in- 

burn incense. 



Bg;pt and AssfriA criuhing It between tlicui. There vat no room for a manKTch; between 
thus two ambittered rivals. As has been before pointed oat in lliese nol<a the only lime when 
the IsisetlUah nation developed anj great strength vm when for a littld more than a oentary tha 
power of these two nations had aimultaaeoosly declined. The most prosperous of the later kings 
of Judah and Israel purchased their proaperity by tcmpomy allianca with one or the otbo'. 
So that wa can trace the ovarthrow of Inracl snd the decline of Jndih to natural esuses. But that 
does not exolude God'a active poitiolpition in all tha inovDmenla of the day. Divine provideoas 
often uses men aa its agents who are unconscious of luperhuman guidance. 

9. Our &theTa . . . aoni . . . danghtaTS . . . wives — Vei; sliillfully does this young sor- 
rows of his people his own. It was a healt-aching body of men who Itslooed 

3 OOTBNANT. Varaaa 10, 11. 

10. Nowltiainmineheart— Comp. 6. T; 0. 1; 1 Chron. 22. T; 2S. 2. Tomakaa oom- 
naat — To renew tlio covonunt under which the whole people were conatsntly considered, and of 
which eircunidsion was tha sign, — Olartt. 

Ool la always rtw^T to Bake aal alwavi falthftal lo keep eoveiuBl with fall rellowBn. 

11. Mjaona — He would belhe" father orbiicountiy." BenotnownsBllsent — "Nowda- 
laj not," or " Withdraw youraelves not." Tha Iiord hath ohown you — An exalted view of lift, 
that all OUT paths are directed by Jehovah. Serve . . . mfniater . . . bum — But they had not 
pertbrmed these rilea tor years. Partly tha fault was tliat of Uoiekiah'a henthen father ; partly it 
had been their own negligenoe. 

Be not BQW aegllgeat. Host people are negllgenti and II yon want to make joor marK In tM 
world, be faltbtul, andtbe mark will be made deeply. Hoit ol tbe men whom you have to emiricv 
In omioary uie ara necUitent: ttaecarpenlersaiid prlnleraand shoe-makera and grooeis. Orden 
am forgoUen, or mlsunderalood. or fllled too late ; and employers w^ often wronged, not Mcanse 
ol swindling propeasllies. but because of negllgenae. Tbli Is ai true ot congressmen and tings aa 
He tbat is laltHlol In lltUe tHings wlU be faltblul also In mucb. 


Good men often owe mnch lo godly parentage. Ter> !■ — Not long before the 
death of John Qulncy Adiims a gentleman said to him: "I have found out who made you." 
" What do you mean I " ashed Mr. Adamn. The gentleman replied, " I have been reading the 
published lettora of your mother." "If," thia gentleman rtlstes, "I had spoken that dear name 
to aome little boy who had been for weeka away ftvni his mother, hia eyes eonld not have flashed 
mora brightly than did those of that venerable old man when I pronounced the name of bis 



JuxK 1, J891. LESSON X. 2 Chron 29. 1-11. 

DMther." He Hood up in bii peonliur nuumer uid aaid, " Yes, sir; all lAat U good inmt I mum 
(• my auititr." 

Soma one asked ■ man of wIidiMn when theednoadon ofachildaliould be beguni "TweDt^ 
jouB befora hta birth, b]/ atftmofinjr iii motitr," wm the reply. 

One good mother t> vorth t, hundred ecliool-muten. — Gtorgt Heritrt, 

It la wise to make ft good start and ku early one. Ver. 3.~Thatwua good prayer 
which the old-fiuhioned Uetbodiat mioiiitiir oflered, " O Lord, atort us right, for if we get ataiUxL 
wiaDK m an iard to tarn." — CIrittian Ag*. 

Holinen beconetk tiod'a koBM and people. Ters. 6, T.— A working-nun In. 
humble dreaa eaw outaidea certain eeoleuaatioal buiiding " Christ Church " printed up ; ao in h« 
went. Am he was entering a certain pew >ome one told him It was "rented,'' and that he could 
not ait in it. So out he went, saying there wa« a mistaba aomswhere, ibr though It was Christ'a. 
ehureh outside he found it was some one else's inside. — Hookt. 

At a lagged^M^hooL for destitute children a clergTinan asked the queation, ^* WTiat is holineaal" 
Altar aome pause a boy in tattered garrDcnts jumped up and said, " It'a to be dean Inaldc." 

The eleareat window that was ever lashioDed if it is barred by apider'a weba and hung OTor 
with natnaanu oTinaBsta so that tho auniight haa forgottao its way through, of what use can it be \ 
Now, the church is Ood'a window, and if it be obacnied till its light is darkness how great is that 
darkneaa t — Btckr. 

We skoBld aim t« proHt by the etample «r«theN. Ter*. S, 9.— A Pollah prince- 
was aomatotned to carry the picture of his father always in hia bosom, and on particular oecaaione- 
uaed to take it out and view it, saying, " Let me do nothing imbBconiing so excellent a fkther." 

Ckaatiaement rlthllr recelTed leads men nearer to God, Ver. lO.-AyKw 
writfa : " I have been all my life like a child wboee father viahes to 111 his undivided attention. 
At first the child nins about the room, but hIa father tiea up hie feet ; he (hen plays with his hands- 
until they likewlaa an Ued. Thus he oondnues to do till he ia completely tied up. Then, when 
ha can do nothing else, he will attend to hla fiuher. Juat so has God been dealing with me until I 
oonaented to find my bappineas in him alone." 

Ky brother end I were plowing oom on a Eentaoky farm. I was driving the horse and h» 
was holding the plow. The hone was laxy, hut on one occasion rushed acrose the field ao that I 
with my long legs conld soaroeiy keep pace with him. I found an enormous ohin-fly fastened on 
him and knocked It off. If y brother asked me what I did that fbr. I told him T didn't want th» 
old hone bitlsn. " Why," said my brother, >* that's all that made him go." — FrtmdaiX Lincoln. 

We akonldaerreG«d With steady earaeatnesa. Ver. 1 1 .—The late Bev. VilliHn 
Amot, of Edinburgh, used to tall a story of his being at a railway stadon when he graw wouy of 
waitiDg for the tnin to move. He inquired of one of the trun-men what the trouble was, and 
asked if it wa» want of water. " Plenty of water," was the quick reply, " But It's no b'ilin', " 
We have no lack of machinery, (he engines are on the track and train-man in Iheir plaoea, but our 
want of progresa is because the water's " no b'il'ia'."—Dr,Ciij/la; 

Tot mora than fifty yeaia John Wesley preached two, and frequently three or four, sermons 
each day. The whole number daring this period amouola to for^ thousand. He gave, in 
addition, Innmnerable eihortationa after pnochlng. He traveled fbnr thouaaod flva hundred 
miles Bvery year on an average, and thus at least paased over two hundred and twonty-flve thou- 
sand milea in his itinerancy. In addition to hia numaioua wiitiiigs he liad the eontinual ovaiBight 
of the ehorches he had tbnnded. 


1. Continue the list of ths kinsa of Jodah, with a brief ohanKMriaUJort of each, as: 
e. Amaziah the weak king. 10. Uniah the leper king. 11. Jotbam the obscure king, very 
liale being ralated oinceming his reign. 12. Alias the wickedest of all the kings. IS. Hezekiah 
the beat of all the kings. Strange that the wont king ahould have a son who was ths best king I 
Notioe what is said of Hezekiah in S Kings 18. G. 

i. What was the oondition of Judah when Heiekiah ascended the throne ) 1. ) Its foreign 
relation ; in sabjection to the Assyrians, and paying a rulnoua tribute. 3.) Its domestic politlua ; 
the court broken into three p*rtiea, Aaayrian, Egyptian, and "home rule." S.) Its religiooai 



2 Crbon. 29. 1-11. LESSON X Second Quabteb. 

CDndltion ; the temple dnecntcd nnd doeed ;. idol altan Bvcrj-irherB ; the priesthood lelBBh and 
corrupt. 1.) Ita moral condition ; uolvenal depnvity and wiokednesa. The state of the nation 
throws into soblime pniminenoe tlie ohaimoter sad aohiavementa of Heiekiah. 

S. Letua note in ageoeml way the work of HwwWah asking. 1.) He Tefonned thereligioii 
of the people, abolished idolstr;, datrojed the idols (oota a nmsrkable instanae, S Kings IB. 4), 
uid cslsblished the voiahip of Jehovah. 2.) He oorrected the abtwes of the goTemiDent, and 
gave good laws and a just admiDistration. S.) Ha built oities and fortreues, making h]> kingdom 
BtrenK. 1.) He awakened the spirit of patriolism, broke (kim tlie AssyrisD yoke— though witli 
great effort, not at fint suGceaafuI— and st Isst made Judah independeaL E.) Bot his higbest 
praise is that he lived in constant «od olose oommunioa with Ood. 

i. We now Dome to the immediate lessoD, In which we observe oortain aapeota of TTi»oVi«h 
in the opening of bis raign, as foUowi : 

1.) SUj/outh ; a young man in his prime. Ter. 1. How splendid the sight of a young man 
throwiog himself with all his energy into the serrioe of Ood 1 

i.) Bit mothtr, perhaps the dsnghter of apropliet and adeacendaotof the good priest Jahoiadn. 
Comp. ver. 1 and S Cliron. 2i. SO. Note the ii^Danceofa good mother upon her eon's CUMO-, 
Throagh her Heiekish tn youth oama Into relation with the prophets, and through life waa tit* 
fiiand of Israel. 

i.) Hiiitandard. Ver. 2. " That which waa right in the sight of the Lord." Etsij lift 
musthsve ilalaw, and the law of God is the best. 

i.) BitaoH^. HepsMedby Ahax his father, and sought the better exsmple in Davtd bis 
father. Ver. 2, 

E.) Bit Jlrit ael; opening the temple, making religion the foundation of his nila. Tar. t. 
Wise is that young man who seeka Qod's faooae flmt of alL 

B.) Bit iitHglit. Vera. 4-9. He saw more eleorly than most nun of his time the tnieoiMidiUoo 
of his people, and its real cause in their dopaiture &om Ood. 

T.) Bit coBtnani. Vers. 10, 11. He proposed to bring God'a people badt to their lost iellow- 
ship by renewing their consaoratlon to Ood. * 

Here is a noble example for youth. Every young man la a king; let him take thla Tonng 
king for a modeL 


1. TOSFBOIAXi BUBJZOTS '• Uezskiah," Stasut, Jtaitl ^«n^Il, Blfl. "His 

Converuon," Btaiilit, GIS. " His Rafoims, Pssaover," Btutlxt, 311. " Daatruotioii of Hi^ 
Plsoea and Bmzen Serpent," 9tai(, filE-ElT. " Bickness and Booovery ofHeaeklah," Srunjci, 
ei9-53T. " Death of Hesckiah," Stakut, ESe-E4I. " Heieklah'B Cure," TnoK, Bani-teot ^ 
.Baikal DifimUim, MS. "The Ingredients of Incense," TTHnft Sot QtaeraUt JTmnmi, S44. 
"Inscriptions Concerning Heiekish at KonyuQJik," Bawliksof, AttdaU ManarMm, Hi, ISO, Ifl. 
"TheCloeeAgreement of the Inscriptions and Scripture," Bawuksof, HUorieal lU^ilitUMU ^ 
tht Old T4ttameRt, JU ; Hshbi- J. Vut LntHir, JXiU Lmdt, m. " Hezakloh, Eing of Judah," 
Kmo, Biblt Butory, tOi, 606. '' Bexekisli Restoros the Tme Religion and Abolisbea Idolab^," 
KiTTO, 609. " Depulstlon of IsTsslitee to Assyria," RAwumon, /t>< Snat AfoiuireUst, 11, nS ; 
Fbekkaw, Hmd-booi of Sibil Mannin and Ciutonu, ESS. 

3. TO SBBMONB AND AI>DKBaSKS.-.3'<iu>A/an, a Am* <{|' Amm, vlii, 4, T. C. FnrUY- 
SOH, Conttn^KiTarg Piilpit,\i, ISO; C. Kinosi^t, iviii, O-li. Towitand Comttrf Semunu, 1S8, 
BtxMah't Lellir, T. Champhess. yao Cotnt/rom old OiAi, ITS, J. VAOSHaw. Flflt Sermoiu. 
ii, 139. 


JuNB 14, 1891. LESSON XL 2 Chrox. 84. 14-38. 

LKSSON XI.— June 14. 

THE BOOK OF THE LAW POUSD.— 8 Chhoit. 84. 14-28. 

OOIiDBN TBEXT.— The lAir <rf thy month !• better onto ma than UioimndB of gdlA 
*nd allTwr.— Pb. lU. n. 


TIICB.— «ts B. C. 

VIaACSS. — The booM of tha Lord and the ro7B] psIiM, JcroulBm. 

FZmSONS.— 1. TTnM»h tha hish-priast. Tba gtemt reforniatjon elTected by King JoiUi,. 
with tbe inoidoDU of the eoleiuD yoMOvsr kept at Jenualem in the eighteenth year of the king's! 
Tugn, and the diaoorery of the Book of the Lav, nudii hi* sfflcial term puticuivly illratrioue. 
Hitkiah vai ancestor of £ira the aeribe. Ezra 7. 1. 1. flhaphan the aertba. King Joaiah's 
miDistor of Snanoe. — Eieald. Ilia dutioa were partjaily thoae of a royal aecrecary. He apfean 
OQSD equaiily with the governor of Januaiem and the royal recorder, fie waa an oid man, prob- 
ably, vhen this incident oocnrrod, for hia aon Abikam irai evidently in a poailion of Inii-ortaooa, 
and bis brilliant and anfortnnate grandMin Ge^laiJah was aireadj bom. — Barna. t. Slue 3o- 
•iah anoended the throne of Judah at (lis early age of eight. When ^itaen he "beganr tc-BSak 
after God," and from Ihat time to the and of his life lu waa the mortal enemy of idolaten. At 
twenty yaanof age he inaugurated the most thorough of reformations. Id tbealghleanthiyaar of 
bla reign and the twenty-aizth of his age, he cieanaed and repaired the (ample. It was dniing; 
the progroa of this work that the inddent of tlie prcaenC leaaon ooourrad. Soon aftertbia a sol* 
enm covenant with Jeliovah waa ratiiled. Joaiah was kiilad in a battle with rhanob-nedio 
<10 B. C. *. *>''*»"' tha aon of Bluphan, Evidently a man of noble charai?teT,. Ha alternanl 
ptDtaelad tlie propliet Jeremiah. Jar. SO. S4 ; 40. 6, Ha waa father of Oedallahv. wbo tieeama 
viaetny of J udea under Kebuohadnemr. B. Abdon tba aoo. of Kloah, probably the aamo as 
Adibor named in Jer. W. SS ; SB. IS; and 3 Kiuga SS. 13. Nothing is known ofhim^beaideathia 
IneidenL AMiah, » Mrrant of the Uas^, called Aaahlah in i Kinga S3. 13-1& The word 
" servant " here is equivaleot \o oIHcer of the court T. Hnldah the prophMaaa, who Is only 
known from this circumatanco. 8. Bh»llBiD, tha aon of Tlkrmth, the aon of TTn»T«.h, keeper 
ef tha mottrabe. Notiiing i* known of him but the oIOos he held and the woman be 

PARALI.BT.. PABSAOB.— 3 Kings S3. 

L THE BOOK OP TBB I^W. TonM 14-31.. 

14. Ftfty-aaTen years had passed ^oe the death of Beiokiah, during whiiA the land had 
baentwloe deluged with all the abominationa of iitnlatry. The temple bad basn again allowed to 
Ui into decay. King Joaiah imitated King Joaah in making a geuaral oollhetibn of money to 
lealore it. He appointed three bigh offieere aa Joint superintend anta of the raji^n : Bluphon the 
aeribe [perhapaasort of aecrataiy of thetreaaury]; Hsasciah, Oovemor of JeruHnlem ; and Joah, 
the reoorder. With theae cameitly oo-operated Uilkiah the high-prieat. The repairers prababij 
found the holy place fool with neglect, the doora ahnt up, the iamjia unlit, DO' inoonse wilhln, do 
HCfifioea without. Aa for "the book of the law," whatever may haw BeemAe contant»of this 
copy, rolla containing portionx of it would esMainly ba numsroua. Tn Itin jnaarimirininf ttin prieala 
tbey might be expected to be fbnnd, hot only bete and there. The cc^y mad'cfacoosdinj; to the 
law) Ibr tba me of Ihe king would meet certainly have periihed. We must lay aaidh; in thinking 
of this time, ail our modern conceptlooa about books. The priasta, la the matter of aerrleea and 
BBoriflela In the temple, laugbl the people by word of month, what waa proper In every part of 
tha ceremonial, and much of the priostly training was tradlUoaalipaaaed on lh>mi one-iieneratiaa 
of pritata to another. That an authoritative copy of the- lair,, whatever it may haatacomprlaad, 

IS Spfi 


2 Chbom. 34. 14-28. 

14 And wliL'n thej brought out the 
none; that was brousht into ths houae 
of the Lord, Hil<ki'ah the prieat 'fuund 
a book of the law of the Lobd giatn 'by 

15 And Htl-ki'ah answered and said 
to fiha'pban tlic Kribe, I have found llie 
book of the law in the house of the Lobd. 
And Hil-ki'Bh delivered the book to 

16 And Sba'phan carried the book to 
the king, and brouglit the king word 
back again, asjing, All that was cum- 
mitted^to thy servants, they do it. 

17 And tliej have ■gathered together 
the money that wbb found in the liouso 
of the Lobd, and have delivered it into 
the hand of the overseera, and to the 
band of the workmen. 

14 And when they brought ont the 
money that was brought into the 
house of the Lokd, Hil-ki'ah the 
priest found the book of the law of 

15 the Loim 'given by Mo'aes, Anil 
Hil-ki'uh answered and said to Sha'- 

Cn the scribe, I have found the 
k of the law in the bouse at the 
Lobd. And Hil-ki'ah delivered the 

16 book to Bha'phan. And Sba'phan 
carried the book to the king, and 
moreover brought the king word 
again, saying, All that was committed 

17 to thy servants, they do it. And they 
have 'emptied out the money that 
was found in the bouse of the LOBD, 
and hare delivered it into the hand 
of the overseers, and into the hand 

vonld beaappliBd for prewrrstioa In the temple w< certainly migbtaipect, bnC after nearly alx^ 
yean of neglect of the temple lervioes we osn ft-el tittle suipriBe that neither Uilkish nor bts tA- 
lows vere nwore of lis eiieleniM,*!))!! that JoeUli kaev ooiioeminic it only what had been tauf^ 
hitu by the prieets. Tho hilf-cealvry previou* to JoaUli'sjieaanion had beeo ■ period of otter 
dnrkDiu bath for people, priealu, and king.— ZumAy. They— The LeviticRl aerritoni. Blon^t 
out the money— llinded over to Kilkiuh, ax their fere&then had luuided over to Johoiida, the 
coDtiibutiaiu made by the people to repair the temple. A book of the law tf the Iiord 
(Iven by Moses— That in, the Moaaie lav. The whole '■ Toroh " ie probably meant, not merely 
Dealerouomy, u tlie modem oriticat eohool think ; and not merely the groupa or lavs ooDtainad 
hi the three middle bookn of the Pentateuch.— Zucibr. 

Qsldea opportonlllH ure aRen l«t bj ovenlght. Bee iLLCSTBiTioirs. " The man wbo ilti 

down and veju lor euccsn vlll Bud bCinmU amoiiK nacaIled-(or bafftcage after the limited eipnaa 

bat fone t>y." Do what Ilea cloae at baud. 

IS. It la noticeoblB tliat In the dajt of both Jooih and Jimah the relifpotu reform was piuhed 
by the State — In looordance a-itb the thcocntia idea—and the pritsta, Jeholada and Hilkuh 
alike, made their reports of ptogreea to the king's offioeni. I have foDiid. tiie book of (be lair 
— W Sethis the autograph of Hoses) Powiijiy It was. The rabbins say that Ahai, Uaoaarch, and 
AmoD endeavored to dcetDoj all the oopies of the law, and this only van saved by having bean 
buried under a paving slotio. — Clarht. la the houae of the Ix>Td — la the sanatuaiy proper, 
the holy place ; probably hidden under rubbish. HHklah delivered the book to Shai^an — 
As sn act of oouttly etiquette. Shaplian wu the oQdsl reprsKntativo of the crown. 

We slMmM pcrKwiUlT hrly to spread Ike QMpet. gee lunSTKAnoilS. 

le, 17. Shaphan oarrled the book to the Uns— SiKnewbat difhrmt in the panlM 
<S Kings 19. 9), wilcm it Rnt it is only related, "Bluphan the scribe came to the king."— 2SeUv. 
Bronsht the Uns word baok again— Ho had been sent in the flnt phioe by JoaUh to anpanriaa 
the priests and workmen in the (omple, and before ha announciw iliUlaii'a difoovery he makea 
his offlciil report. They do it — The work on the temple is progreaaing sstiifaolorily. niey 

bsive Bathaied together the money — The king's flnaneial plan had proved s 

Have delivered- The distribution of fhnds had been faithfhlly attended to, by the pilMts b 

oontractors, and by them tu ' 

Seer wbe doea exaeUy what ba Is I* 


JlTNS 14, 1891. 

2 Chbon. 34. 14-28. 

18 Then Sb^linn the scribe told the 
kiiig, Myiog, Hil-ki'ah the pri«st Ixttli 
sivRn lue & book. And Sha phui rend 
'it before the king^. 

19 And it oune to pus, when the kinp; 
hsd hdird the ' wtirtls of tlie law, that 
he * rent bis clothes. 

20 And ttie king commnnded Hil- 
ki'ah, md A-tii'kam the son of Slia'phan, 
and *Ab'doii the son [>f Hi'cah, and Sliit'- 
phan the scribe, and As'a-i'ah a servant 
of the kinft'!*! sayin|;, 

21 On. inquire of (he Lord for me, 
and fnr them that are * left in Iii'ra-el and 
in Ju'dsh, coiic«ruing the words of the 
book that is fonnd : for great ii the wrath 
of the LoBD that is poured out upon us, 
because out fathers have not kept the 
word of tile Lord, to do after all that is 
writteD in this bonk. 

22 And Hil-ki'nh, and tAoy that the 
king had appe'mttd, went to Hal'dali the 
* prophetess, the wife of Bbnl'lum the 

18 of the workmen. And Sha'phan the 
scribe told the king, sajing, Hil- 
ki'ah tbe priest hath delivereil me a 
book. And Bha'phiin read therein 

19 before the king. And it came to 
pass, when the king had heard the 
words of the law, ihat he rent his 

20 clothes. And the king commanded 
Hil-ki'ah, and A-bi'kam the son of 
Bha'phan, and 'Ab'don the son of 
Mi'cali, and Bha'phan the scribe, and 
Aj'a-i'ah tbe king's servant, sayiDg, 

21 Go ye, inquire of the Loud for me, 
and for them that are left in la'ra-el 
and in Ju'dab, concerning the words 
of the book that is found: for greet is 
the wrath of the Lohd that is poured 
out upon us, because oor fathers 
have not kept the word of the LORD, 
to do according unto all that is writ- 

22 ten in this book. So Hil-ki'ah, and 
they whom the king had eommandtd, 
went to Enl'dah the prophetess, the 

(tj.4ri.ti t£ "mIVui'i.' 

18. Then — After bavintt gone throogh liin mutine report. The priest bath giTea me » 
book — Tba autiouanm of hii pbnseo1o(E7 is noticeable. Ha U uncertain how the kia^; will r»- 
oeive hii sniionDceinent. Shapluui read It — Portion* of it, doubtleia bj aomimod. From the 
BOOHint In t Kings we team thnt be bid taken hi opportuuity to penaniUy eisaiiiie It, and he 
donbtleH nude tbe moet intprewive aelectiana. 

18. "When the klnc had heard the woMs of tbe Uw— It is manifwt that then wu in 
this book Bometbing more tlun the king had known before, froro hie nhinij when ha heard It 
mul. He rent hla olothes — From what wu aftenrurd laid b; Ilaldah, it la evident that the 
portiona which affected the king were sueh pauagca aa DeiiL 23. Bead in this ci 
IS, ST, and 4S of that chapter. 

le hula afiaeeeaa. 

SO. See Introdtwtocy nxta on Piiuovi tta inlbmution coneemins proper names of this verse. 

11. biqnli* ot the IjOrd— It was Jehovah's messenger ilotm who, by bU command, wrote 
these couditional cutmb. Our nation haa met tiie oondidona and are by this book accurssd. Qo 
(jeickly, aeek out rome other metmenger of Jehovah and ascertain whether Indeed oar penitonDSUid 
nfonn have oome too lale. For them that aie loft In Icrael and la Jndah — Literally, "For 
that whieh is left ; " a signifloiRt phran, like the patatlel (3 Klofrs SS. IS), " for the people and for 
■11 Jodah." — ^dUir, Oor Ihthera have not kept the word— For two generationn at theleart 
the letToapoct of King Jonah was a very dark one. The reigns of Amon and Manuseh had led 
the whole people away to idolatry. — Ltimtf, 

laaM tr satlslatalreof theLofC See ILLnmuTiom. 

U. TRB WOBO OF THE LOBD. Tarwa 83-38. 

9S. "Wait to Holdah the propheteea — For all the penons here named see Introdnotoiy 

■MCe en Faesoirs. This in a most laleiesting drcumatanoe ; at this time Jeremiah was eertalnly 

a prophet in Loael, but it is likely he now dwelt at Anathoth, and oould not be readily oooanlted ; 

Zqdianiah also prophe^ed nnder this lUgn, but probably be hid not yet begnnj HUkiah was 


8 Chbox 34. H'i 

Secoitd Qdabtes. 

Mm of Tik'TBth, 'tha son of 'Hu'nh, 
keeper of the (wardrobe; (uowshedwelt 
in Je-ru'm-lem ''in the college;) uid they 
Kptkt to ber to th&t ^tet. 

SS And elie amweredthein, Thiutfuth 
the Lord God of Is'm-el, Tell ye the 
man that sent von to ma, 

34 Thna euth the Lobb, Behold, I 
'will bring evil apun tbia place, and up- 
on the Inhabitants thereof, es<n all the 
curaea that are vritten in the book 
which tbey have read before the king of 

as Because they have foraaken me, 
and have bnmed incense nnto other gods, 
that thej might provoke me to anger 
with all the works of tbeir bands; there- 
fore my wrath shall be poured out upoD 
this place, and shall not be quenched. 

26 And as for the kins of Ju'dah, who 
sent you to inquire of the Lord, bo shall 
ye say unto him, Thus saith the Lord 
God of Is'ra-el ameeming the words 
which thou hast beard; 

wife of Shal'lum the ton of *Tok-' 
hath, the son of * Has'rah, keepet of 
tlie wardrobe; (now she dwelt in Je- 
ru'sa-lem in the 'second quarter;) 
and they spake to her to that effect. 
38 And she snid unto them, Tlius saitb 
the LoBD, the God of Is'ia-al: Tell jn 

34 the man that sent yoii nnto me. Hint 
saith the Lord, Behold, I will bring 
evil upon this place, and upon the 
inhabitants thereof, oven all thecnnei 
that are written in the book which 
the; have read before the king of 

25 Ju'dai) : because tliey have forsucen 
me, and have burned incense unto 
other gods, that they might provoke 
me to anger with all the works of 
their handa; tiierefoie is my wi«th 
poured out upon this place, and it 

as shall not be quenched. But nnto the 
king of Ju'diih, who aent you to 




high- print, and the priest's lipK should retain ImowlDd^; Shuphsn wis lerlbe, and iiiiut have 
Imeii oanvoraaDt in ssored uffiurs to have been M oil tt for hi* aSBoe ; and jet Iluldili, ■ proplict- 
ew, a! whom we know nothing but bj this otrciunalance, is connalted on tlia meuilng of tha 
book of Ihe Uw; for the secret of the Lard was neither nith Ililkiah the high-priest, Bhaphao 
the snribe, nor any olher of the servsats of the king or minislcn of tile temple t We find froia 
this — and we have manj faote in all a^ea to corroborate it — that a pontiff, a popo, ■ Wshop, or a 
prist may, in some caaes, not poasesa the true knowledge of Qod ; and that a simjjle womsn, 
poaiieHainjr the life of Ood In her soul, ma; hare more knowledge of tlie divine testimaniea thaoi 
many of thOHO whose ofBoa It is to eiplaiD and anfaroe them. — Clarti. Keeper of the waid- 
TDba — There aeema no dauht tliat the robea hen alluded to are the robea of the priests, which 
are ealled by Che same Hehrew word In Eiod, 18. S, S, 4 ; tt. S, and in many anbtfequent pase 
ffa lA Exodue, Leviticos, and Nnmban. — Zafaty. In tfae ooU^e— Bather, aa In the Hw- 
vbad Terpen, " in tlie aooond quarter." Tlie same phraae ooanrs in Zeph. 1. 10. It wa* 
probably some additions] auburban portion of the oity. And tber spalta to her to that aAot 
— Namely, aa Joelah had said to them. — ZSeUtr. 

99, 34. Tell ye the man that eent yon — At flnt she placee king and people all oo enb 
level. — CamM^4 Biblt, Thua aaltb the tiord — A mefsiige all the more draadftil in being a 
oonflrmilion of the written ouiaei. I will brine evil— God stands behind all gnat providential 
movetnenta. The drought, the graiohopper, the pestilence, the invading army, are alike hie 
measengera, There ia no prosperity or calamity but Jehovah's hand has broeght it. 

The diriaa law cBBiiet chaaca. Bee ILLDBtB&Tiom. 

Sfi. Baoauae tliej hare fineaken me — Thla la the immediate or remote eanse of tvtry 
earthly calamity. Provoke me to ancer — God Indulgea in no haa^ temper; bnt hia deep 
leathing of hnmon ain can only be exprcaaed by figuring It under banian emotiona. lEy wrath 
-diall be ponred out npon thla plaoe— Aa bettee on aeveral oc(*s)ona. Btaall not ba 
■qnenohed— Utter deatrootlon may be expected now. No faithet renewal of pmsperity. 

se,S7. Aa for the Unc of Judah— A special nueaage bamt to the king beeaosehe had 


Jm™ 14, 1691. 

2 Cesow. 34. 14-28. 

. le heart wu ' tender, 
and thou didst hambte tbjself before 
God, IV he a thou heardest his word a 
afputut tills place, and ftxainst the in- 
lutbitants theKof, and faumbledst thyself 
liefore roe, and didat reud thy clothea, 
and weep before me; I have even heard 
* thee also, saith the Loro. 

SS Behold, I will gather thee to thy 
fathers, and thou sbalt be gathered to 
thj grave in peace, neither sliall thine 
eyes see all the evil that I will brin^ up- 
on this place, and upon the inhabitants 
of the same. So they brought the king 
word again. 

S7 which thou hast heard, because thine 
heart was tender, and thou didst 
humble tliyaeir before God, when thou 
heardest tun words against this place, 
and against the inhabitants thereof, 
and host bumbled tbjBclf before me, 
and hast rent thy clothes, and wept 
before me; I also have heard thee, 

as saith the Lohd. Bvhokl, I wilt 
gather thee to thy fathers, and thou 
shalt be gathered to thy grave in 
peace, neither sliall thine eyes see alt 
the evil that I will bring upon this 
place, and upon the inhabitants there- 
of. Anil they brought the king word 
again. ^ 

to obtain divine giuiitiioe.—Limtg. 
See IixjmaAiaum. 

tS. I wm catber tlua ts thr ftthen— Dming thy Ufe none of then oalamitlaa shall fill 
npon tba peopU, and iw adieniaiy Bball be permiUed W disturb the peaoa of Judea, and thou shalt 
dieiupeue wiita Ood. But wu Joekb guhoed to the iirnve in peaoel Ii it not aidd (S Kinfp 
SS. ») ttut Phaniah-necho slew him ■* Uesiddot Od this we nmj remark that the Assyriana 
•nd the Jews mm at peace; that Josiak ought feel it bk dutj to oppcae the Egyptian king going 
Sgaiumt hk Mead and «]ly, aod endeavor Ca pravent bim from puaing tbrough hia territories ; 
and that in hie endeavon la oppoae bim he was marlally woiuidsd at Magiddo ; but oertaialy he 
was Dot killed there, for hia serviDta pat him ia his chariot and brought him to Jerusalem, nhera 
he died in poooe. Bo that the wonia of Hu]dah weie literally fuiailed.— Clorii. 

Bow many golden •pportuBltlea are lost br oversifht. Ver. 14.— Ooetlie has 

ehanged tlie potitulata of Arohimedea, " Oiva me a standing-plaoo and 1 will move tlie world," 
into the precept, " Itai* good thy ttanding-plaei and move the world." It wan In this wsy 
Luther moved tlie world. Not by wutiog for a favorable opportunity, but by doit^ kit dailf 
urert. We ought not to wait till Bliloher comes up, but the moment we catch sight of turn in the 
- distance rise and cliarge. — //art. 

WeahouMperaoBBllr help to spread the good «ewsof the Gospel. Ter, IA. 
— At a missloDsry meeting, where a number of oolorod people were present, the hjmn, " O'er the 
bills of darknesa," was sung while the cotlocllon was being taken. One woman was very ener- 
getle in the line "Fly abroad, thou mighty Goepel," butahat ber ejrs when the box came near. 
An old n^ro who was collecting, seelug this, said, " It's no uie singln' *F1y 'brood' 'cept ynu 
give SMoethiDg to help flud winga to fly with. And," said he, giving her a nudge with the box, 
" pot a faatber in hia wiuKS." — Aellif. 

1b all troDble inquire orike Ijord. Tor. 31. — Hanyof our troubles areOod dragging 
us, aod the; would leave If we would stand up<«k our feet and go whltbsr he would have ua.— 

Whenweflrat projected the Soldiers' Institute in Portsmouth, England, Uiea Robinson oame to 
main despair. With scanty fUndaand stormy opposition the look-out was dark. Wo knelt down 
and pnyad " that ^/' U vai i/Ii tciU he would give us meanii to stay the flood of iniquity that wa* 
■weeping away bin work in the army." The answer to that prayer was seventy-five thousand 
aod nine dollars.— JVin JOlia Bopkiiu. 

Wesley wsa one day waikiug with a Christian man, who related his tronblsa and did not 


2 Chboh. 34. 14-28. LESSON XI Skcokd Qvaetbb. 

know what to do. ThQf happened to pua a bIodg fenn nverwliioli ■ oov wh ts^ii^. " Do 7011 
know," labed Wcalef, " wb; that oov lookn our tint willt" "No," replitd ba friand. 
"Beonae," ttiA Wesley, "aba oimiot look through it. That ia vhot Jou mnat do iritti ) < w » 
troubles ; Uk>1i ettr them." 

Tk« dlTlHs taw caanot change. Ter. 34.— The Boman nablDnwn oould give no ptmUa 
proof of their ooolldenca in theli city aad ami; thaii whan they bought tlie gtouiid on whidk 
tbdr Cuthaginiaa anemias wen encamped around the city. So, whatever appearaDcai indieata, 
wa troat in that which cannot liiil, though " heaven and earth peaa away." 

There ii higher law than the Conatilution. — Stward. 

Cod alwara recofnlaet contrltloN. Ter> ST.— When a mna undertakea to lepent to- 
WBid hia fal low-men it is rupenling itmiftht up aprocipice; when he repents toward law, it ia 
npenting into the orooodile'i jawg; when be repents toward publio aeDtimeot, it la tbrowioc 
himself lato ■ hedge of thorns: but when he repenta toward Ood, ha repenta toward all lova and 
delicacy. Ood raccivea the loul as the sea the bather, to return it whiter than he took it.— iIwoA<r. 

Jjai» repentSDOS la seldom tme, but true repenlanee la never lata. 


1. Oonnaoliiii llnka. 1.) JAutatMA, tkt foartttatk tin;; lougest la reign; following tlia 
example of his gmndlatlier Aiiaa, not hia father Heiokiah ; brought the kingdom vary low. 
S. ) Anum, lAi ^/Utnth Hug ; a youth ; shatt reign ; general dopnvliy in the land. 

8. Condition of tbB klnsdom. The roforma of Ileieklsli, however earnest, were only on 
the surface ; the great masa of Judah remained corrupt. Hence the people dropped tMck into 
Idolatry and immorality under Uanaweh, and sank lower than ever before. 

3. OonTenton of Joiriab. Ver. S. This took plaoe at the ago of gixteen yeaia, and was fol- 
lowed bj the most thorough ratonnation that hod ever been attempted in Judah. Observe how 
great may be the rsaulta when one young man consecrates himMlf to Ood. 

4. TIndins the book. Deacribe, or call forth from the dasa, a description of the finding 
of the Book of the Law. Show the appcannee of an ancient mannscript rolL See the notea, and 
state what part of the Bible thia was, Aa an illustration, Martin Lather finding the Bible in tlia 
library of x\\e monastery. 

B. Beadlns tha law. Show the effect upon the king. Imagine how the Bible would aflbct 
ns if we heard it for the lint time, yet knowing that It was Ood'i message. When " the chunod 
Bible" was read in the churobea of England during the Beformation, crowds of people woald 
listen for liauia, and when the reader paused fur waariDCM, they would sail oat: "Bead onl 
read on 1 " Let us appreciate our privilege in baving the Bible En our homes. 

6. Propbetio wamloga. Deecritie the visit to Che propheteoa, ind her pndiotion oonoondng 
the land and the king. Show how thwe were fulfilled. We are not to regard the life of Jwiah 
nsaf^iure. He died like a king in defense of hia country; and the results of hia work were anew 
and better Judah among the oaptivta. £ira and Nehemlah, Haggal and Malachi, wer« the apirit- 
oal deaoendanta of Joaiah. TSo man Uvea or diea In vain who Uvea for Ood and tUes in his ■ervioe. 


1. TO BFBOIAIi SUBJXXTTS.- " Joaish," Staklxt, JttnA Churei, U, SCO. " Diaoov' 
eryoflhsBookof theLaw," Btahlit, 661, " Deuteronomy and Reforniation," StAKLir, ■Ut-fitS. 
"Booki, Tablets, Monuments," faxxKUf's Hand-booh <^ SiiU Jfoniwr* and Oiutom*, 41(. 
" Huldah the Prophetew," Krrro, SitU Hitory, 810. '• ficribaa," Fuiiiam, S48. 

a. TO 8SBXON8 Ain> KDTi¥aBSBa.—FiadiHg the Book a/ tlu Lme, B. Soott. 
UnhtrtUn Strmont, HA, S. Wilbxbtobcx. Strmont bifon tlu Unixanitg of Oi/ari, \n, 
Spubseox, voL lii. Jotvx\ 1A« Good, J. H. Kxwmaw. Bmekial and ilotn Sermoiu, viii, Bl, 
J. TADOBAif. ChUdrmU Sn-moiu, v, 48, Pabkzb, viii, tOO. JuiyA tin TovHff King, J. Thaim 
Davidsoh. TuUa with Tounf Xm, SOS. A Tender Spirit, J. Eviira. Suldahtlu Proph^tu, 
Hooa HnoHKs. FtiitaU Vhamtttn, ITS. Earlj/ aad Eniiuat iUy, J. FuniHU, Ul, SI). 
TouthM Ztal, Bianov Woanawoxra. CArMton Boghaod, U, SIS. 



2 Kings S5. 1-12. 

LESSON XII.— June 21. 

CAPTIVITY OF JUDAH.— 2 KiNoa iS. 1-12. 
OOI^BH TBXT.— Oom*, oad let us r«tujni unto tl>« I>ord.— Bo*. B, I. 

Tnat.— sss B. o. 

pXiACXS. — 1. Jenualsm. 3. B&b^lon. 8. TIls Plain of Jariolu). 

P11B80NB. — 1. Nebudhadne^MT, Iho M>a nnd luocesaor of Nubopoltmar, the founder of 
tba Bmbjrlonluk Empira. He ucozided tLe Uirone B. C. OH. 3. BbdaUah, the vuul kin|{ of 

ODD M UKU'IBI a IiHTEB.— liieenied hj the revolt of Zedekiah, tbe Amjiiui dapot do- 
tanDioed tn put an end to the parfldioua and ioeoiuUtent monarohy of Jadah. This chapter nor- 
Rtv hia thiid Rnd liat invuioii, which he oonduoled in peraon, at the head of an immeoM armr, 
laiied onl of all the Iributarr nations under his away. Having ovsmn the northorn ports of tba 
tmtatrj and taken almoet all the fenoed ritiea (Jer. ti. 1), he nurohod direct to Jerasalem to in- 
vest it. The date of Cho bc^nning as well as of ths and ol the siege is here amfiill j marked 
(oomp. Ezek. U. 1 ; Jer. SEl. 1 ; S^ 4-6) ; from which it appears Uiat, with a briif intdmiptloD, 
the ^ega lasted a year and a balC Bo long a rcwstanoe was owing, not to Ihe superior skill and 
Tilor of ths Jewish soldisn, bot to the strength of (he dt; fortifiottiona, on which the king too 
eoDlldentiallr relied. Comp. oIi*|s. SI. t1, SS. — JamiMon. The tlege of Jeniulem 'began oarlj in 
Januar}', 689. — Lenprmaat, During thin siege the serAi were monmnitted, that they might help in 
the dcfeoie. Jer. S4. The Egfptiuu ndvimced to tlis relief of Jeruanlaiii, tho CLuldeiuu turned 
to meet the attoek, Durl the bopea of the Jovi revived no fur that tlie freedmen were once more 
MBlaVEd. This divoiainn, however, produced no effoct. It is unoortain whether a battle wna 
raolly fought and lost by the Egyptians {Jai^hui, AnUquitin, X, vii, i), or wliethcr they rctnoUid 
without flghtiog at alL In B88 a breach was made and the Chaldeans entered the city (2S. S 
and 4). Zedekiah fled (25. 4), hoping to hr^ tliraugh the invosting lines, but he was oaptured 
•nd taken to Bibluh (SS. «), when Kebuchatlnezzar waa enaunped. His aons were alaln befoni 
hia eyea. lie was then blinded and taken captive to Babylon. Oue month later (25. S; 
oomp. SO. I), Nebuiar^an was deputed to cairy out the ayatematio destruction of Jerusalem, and 
Iha deportation of the moat influential of Its pnpulation. This lie did thoroughly, though not 
irithont some alight leniency. Chap. S5. IS-ZS. However, the ftmatioiiun of Ishmacl and hia party 
d a rtiu yad the last hope of maintaining the Jowish natianslity, oven In the pitifnl form in which 
Uw Chaldeana had yet ppored it (S6. 25). The history of Judab, tconi this time on, is merged In 
Aat of the great world-monarcliica. — Summr. 

1 And it came to pass 'in the ninth 

Settr of his reign, in the tenth month, 
1 the tenth Say of the month, that 
Neb'n-cbad-nez'zur king of Bab'j-lon 
came, he, and all liia host, ngitinst 

1 ' And it came to pass in the Dloth 
^citT of bis TeiffD, in tite tenth month, 
in the tenth day of the month, tbat 
Kcb'u-chad-ni'Enr king of Bab 7-Ion 
came, lie and all liis armj, ag^nst 

I, TUJ3 OIT7. Taraea 1-3. 

1. In the ninth 7«ar of hia leiBn — That Is, of Zodakiah's reign. How long before this tba 

Mfiloot to pay the tribute, which waa the uaual Indication of dlufiiKtian, had gono on wears not 

told. Tba Babylonian pnwcr n^lit overlook the first omiislon, but not the second. 60 we may 

itU lh« determination to revolt from about the eavenlh year of Zedeklah's vAga. — Lvmbt. 


2 Kings 2fi. 1-12. 

Second Quartbr. 

J^ni'sa-lem and pilched against it; and 
tlief built forts against it round nbnut. 

2 And tlie cltj WAS besiL'^ed unto the 
eleventh year of king Zed'e-ki'ah. 

8 And on the ninth rfay of tiieftnirth 
month the famine prevailed in the citj, 

Je-ni'M-lem, and encamped gainst i t ; 

and they built foru againit it round 
3 about. Bo the city was besieged unio 

the eleventh year of king Zed'e-ki'ah. 
3 On the nintli day of theJimrtA month 

the famine was sore in the city, so 

Fitohod asaluat iti and . . . built (brta — Rather, porhape, drea Untt of dmmtpaltatien, 
with ■ <Iilch to fircTODt an; going out of the city. On thu lampait wan srsMod his militaij 
anginea for throwing mintlea into lh< dty. — Fauttii. 

Tb*lnatafc«ia«(ba(MimaUa, Sea iLLuaraiTiOHS. 

'X. TTnto tha elaranth year — The Biega laatcd In all one jaar, Htg manthn, and twenty- 
aovan ilaya, fbrtha city waa very aCrongly fortlfiad. 3 Chron. S2. S; S3. 11. — Zangt. Tha Datiml 
■trangth of tlie position of Jcruaalcm miut tuve boen very ooniidanble for such a rabbloainK 

mninod to 1h iLble to hold out nearlr two years agamst tha foroea of Babylon. Wo know, how- 
ever (Jir. M. T), that Kebuohadneiar'a troop* wera engaged «t tho aama time in Btlaokinu Laobial) 
and AEflbah, So thai a part only of hia aoldicn vera employed agalnat Jem^alem.-^Zufn^, 

S. On the ninth day at the fourth month the bmhie prevailad — Ila horrora ai« 
eridanced in Eiek. S. 10; Lam. S, 11, 13, 19; 4. B-10. Boo bLw Bonich !. S, and Jar. IT. «.— 
lirrf. Under the maddening inRaenfe of hunirer tho most inhuman atmcitiea ven pcrpetntsd, 
This was aftiinilmentarciiopro|4iaUedcDanciat]on*bei>aii»a of (ha aposloiiy of tha choaon people 
Lav. 3A. sa ; Deut. SB. n-GT ; Jar. It. I ; ST. 13 1 Eiak. 4. W.—Iiniaet. The famine did nol b^^ 



JuxE 21, 1891. 

2 Emos SS. 1-12. 

uid then wsi no bread for the people of 
the land. 

4 And the city was broken up, and all 
the men of warjteJ by night by the way 
of the gate between two walla, which u 
by tlie king's garden: (now the Glial- 
deea' iMre flgainat the city round about :) 
and ' tie Idng went the way toward Uiu 

5 And the urny of the Cbal-deea' pur- 
•ned after the king, and overtonk him in 
the pLiina of Jer'i-cho ; and bU his army 
were scattered front liim. 

that then was no breitd for the 

4 p)e of the land. Then a breach waa 
made in the city, and all the men of 
maxJUi by night by the way of the 
gate between the two walls, which 
was hj the king's garden: (now the 
Cbal-de'ans were against the city 
round about:) and we itn^ went by 

5 (lie way of the Ar'a-bah. But the 
army of the Clial-de'ans pursued after 
the king, and overtook him in tlie 
plains of Jer'i-cho : and all his army 

on tlw ninth day of titc Iburtb monih, but had beoomosoievere that the peopla were no longer oipable 
of uiakbif a BtioDg Tvilitanas, m> that on that day the enemy wu aUeto Btonn the oity. — Bihr. 
HaM(erl*lhaww«t ■■amy ■e>h«Tei*l(bi. Ssa iLLDnaxnoas. 

n. THB KJNO. VersM4-7. 

4. Iba oltywaa broken np— Bather, a brtaek wit mad* ja tht eUy, The old pbraw 
"broken np" «b the mna in sense «s " broken throagb." See S Chron. M. T ; Jar. SS. 3 ; 
Mie.1. It: HntC. S4. 4«; Unk 3. i.-~Cariindfft £iiU, Thia breach wu on the north side, for, 
acoonling to Jer. 89. S, the leaden of the Clinldean army, when they oune in, haltod, and seated 
theoiselva in " the middle gute," that Is, in the gate which was In the wall between the upper, 
Bouthem city (Zion), and the lower, northern city, snd which led firom one of these to the other. 
Wben the king leaned of thia, ho took to flighi with his wurion by night. They Had toward 
the aonth, because the enemy had peaetnted by the north side, and there was no hope of tetsip- 
big that way, but even on this side tiiey hod to fight their way throagh, for the Chaldeans hod 
inveatad the entire city. The attempt derired its oalf hope of saecess tkim the darkncsa, and 
IVom the greater weaknen of the besit^ng force on the south ude. — Zanft, The men of war 
ilad bj nlsht by the wbt at the late betwaan two walla, whloh ia by the king'a 
CUdan— Tba king's garden vtr. (Keb. S. IS) at the Fool of Slioam, that is, at tba mouth of the 
Tyropieon. A tnuu of tlia oulennast of tbeae two walla appear* to be still extant in the rude 
pathway which arosaea the Tyropcnon, on a mound hard by the old miilbonr-tree which marks 
the traditional spot of Isaioh'a martyrdom. — Bobirueti. It is probable that the besiegers had over- 
looked tbis pass Fatif€t, It was called the goto of the fountain. Neb. S. IS. InsKmnoh as 

then were oietsms at this point to be proteated, and inasmuch also 0:4 the funnatioii of the ground 
nude it a eonTenient ploae for the enemy to attack (T^Iauiw), two walla had tieen built, between 
wbieb was this gsle. This doable wall is mentioned in Isa. SS, ]1. The way of the gate la the 
way through that gate oat of the city. It ia not quite certain whether the king's garden wot In- 
side or ontaide of this double wall. — Latiff4. Their iDtvntion wss to croea the Jordan and escape, 
but they were overtaken near Jsriobo, six liours' journey Tmta Janualem, — BiAr. We hare a 
miKefult Booount of the events here alluded to in Jer. SS. 5~7. — Lumb]/, The way — By the way. 
Vowatd the plain— Of the Arebeh. The whole valley, fhnn the sea of Galilee soutliward to 
tite doert was called by this nsme. On the charaoter of tlila flight oompan the words of Znk. 
IS. II. — CambrUfft BiiU. " The plain " near Jericho is about eleven or twelve milas broad. 

Wbea Out means I* ^Bkh a staaer bs wall or woapoa avails W fwaUet Uh. Jer. M. 6.— 
■ea Hxmraanojra DDder tUM " Too Laie t " 

6. The armr of the Ohaldeea— R. V., Chaldeans. As the troops were all round the dty 
there waa very little chance for the king to get away. In bis flight be was making for Jordan, 
thinking punuit to be mora diOlcuit in the mountainous region on the east of the river. But he 
waa overtaken in the plains of Jericho, bcfiire the river was leached. — Zwaty. All hla amijr 
wore inaHarsil — When they diacovered that they were pursued, the aervanta and foilowers of 


2 KiNOS 25. 1-12. 


Sbcond Qdasteb. 

6 Bo the; fawk the king, and broneht 
him Dp to the king of Bab'j-loa 'to 
BIb'l»b; and they 'gwe judgment upon 

7 And theyslewtheBonsof Zed'e-ki'ah 
before his eyes, and ''put out the eyea of 
Zed'e-ki'uh, and bonnd him vith fetters 
of braes, nnd carried him to Bab'y-lon. 

8 And tn the fifth month, on the 
•eventh day of the month, which it * the 
nineteenth year of king Neb'u-chnd-nez'- 
Kir king of Bab'y-lou, came Neb'u-zar- 
a'dan, * captain of the guard, a serTHnt 
of the king of Bab'y-lon, unto Jc-ni'sa- 

8 was scattered from him. ^Kn tbef 
took the king, and cairied him up 
unto tlie king of Bab'y-ioa toRihIah; 
und they 'gave judgment upon him. 

7 And tbpy slew the houb of Zed'e* 
ki'ah befoi* his eyes, and put out the 
eyes of Zed'e-ki'ah, and bcnmd him in 
fetters, and carried him to Bab'y-lnu. 

8 Now in tlie fifth month, on the 
serenth day ot the inonih. which was 
the nineteenth year of kiug Neb*!!- 
chnd-nez'zar, kiug of Bab'y-lon, came 
Neb'n-zar'it-dan the captain of the 
gunrd, a servant of the king of Bah'y- 

• Clla^B.••. ■Spikilmiliiiin-lwllblilm. tH>4a 

In. a. 1 ; EBk. \± al—'Ci^ u. I) cOr, cbkf a 

Zodekiuh probutily forsook hiin, nnd flod in vuriooi dirtetiona, leavintc lilui quiCa alone. Jetq>htu 
myt tlis king wu McompaniBd in his fligbt bj' hk wives and cMldren, and tliass probablf dang 
to him to the limt— r«TV. 

e. Tber took the Ung, and bnnislit him ... to RiUah— Nebuchadnenar, baviDfc 
gone from cKs tiege to oppose the auxilurf force* of Phanoh-liophn, left bia geaorala to cany on 
the blooksde, he hinuwlf not retamiog to tiie soena of action, but taking; up liia atation at Biblah, 
in thelaodof Hamith. Clmp. Ss. tS.—Fau4ut. This city, called atao Biblnthsb, wu iiitiis(«d on 
ths Orontes, and on the rond which led from Palestine to Babylon.— Cnmii-j'dpi BibU. Tbay 
gave Jndsmant upon him — Tfebucbadnenar eertalnlj did not put Zcdekiab'a mhu to death 
with hui own hand ; hs appointed a tribunal irhicb judged and executed tiusm.-~Zarufi. They, 
the oonncdl (Jer. SB. 8, 13 ; Dun. 6. 1, 8, IS), regarding bim as a aedicioua and rebetliou* vaaial, 
oondemned him far violalinK hie oath, and negleoting the annouDoement of tha divina vill, ■« 
made known to him by Jeremiah. Comp. Jer. Si, 6'U. S; SS. 17. Hia sons and the nobles nha 
had joined in his flight werSBluin before hia eyoi. Jar. SB. S; 62. 10. lu coiifonnicy with Zaslem 
notloos, which eonaldars blind man inoapabla of ruling, bia oyea were put out, and, being put in 
ohaina, ha was carried to perpetual impriaonment in Babylon (Jer. GS. It), which, though ha 
came to it, IS Emkial hod foretold, he did not iwa. Jer. sa. S; Eiek. ia.lS; IT. IC Uis daugh- 
ters had been taken away as captlvee, secording to Jor. 41. 10. — fimtttl. 

7. Bound him with fMteri of brass— Lltorally, dimbU bram.—Ttrrif. It probahlf 
(rijniflce double fetten. Hia tegs as well as his handa were shackled. There la no need to 
express the metal of whioh the felteta were made. Id Englldi, on tlia contmiy, we apeak of 
" putting a man in irona," and omit " (bttcra." — Lvmhy. And oanied him to Babylon — The 
narrative in Jeremiah ailda, " and put him tn priaon till the day of his death." He died in the 
land of hia oaptivity (Eiek, 12. IS) probably not long after his espture and imprisonment. 
Jottphia saya ha was honored with a magniflcent bnrial. — Tm-j/. 

Be annjOBF (is willing yoaent. Bee iLLuentATioitB. 
CbrlUlanUyleawnilbfi barren of war. See iLLUsnuTionS. 

HBBy pvcBU, by Ihclr (Odlea behsrlor, IhIbk Ikeir chll4rCB Into temporal and eteraal nla. 
aaob cblUien wiu soms day hare Just cause to ory out sgalost tbelr psienta. Sir., zlL 10,— Storks. 

in. THB FEOPI^. Versei 8-12. 

8. On the seventh day of the month . . . oame Heboaaf -Adaa— Comp. Jer. Et. IS. In 
attempting to reconcile theifo two paaaagoe it mnat beauppoaod oilhei that, though he had aet onton 

' theaoTenth, he did not arrive in Joruaalemtill the tenth, or tliat lie did not put hb ordera into exe- 
cution till that day. His olfiee ss captain of tho guards iGsn. ST. S6; 33. 1) called him to oxeeute 
the awards of justice on criminals; and heooe, although not engaged In the aic^ of Jemaalam 
(Jer. 8t>. 18), Nebniar-adsn wsa diBpstohod to demoliiih ths city. The most eeiinant of its inhab- 
itaiita were taken to ihe king at Ublah (ver. SI) and ezeonted as instigatois and abettors oT tha 



JVMB 21, 1801. 


2 EiKGB 35. 1-12. 

9 And *he burnt the house of the 
Lord, and * the king's house, and all the 
houses of Je-niW-lem, and everj great 
Mon'* house burnt he with tire. 

10 And all the arm; of the Ch>1-deeB', 
th>t vAW vOA the captain of the ffuard, 
'brake down the -wMb «f Je-ni^a-lem 
Tonnd about. 

11 Now 'the rest of tlie people that 
were left in the cit;, and the 'luiritiveB 
tlwt fell away to the king of Bab ;-lon, 
wHfa the remnant of the multitude, did 
Neb'u-zar-a'dan the captain of the guard 
CMTj away. 

la But the Cftplun of the ffuord left 
* of the poor of the land U i# nne-dress- 
ers and husbandmen. 

loo, unto Je-ru'sa-lem : and he burnt 
the house of the Lord, and the king's 
house 1 and all the houses nf Je-ru'- 
aa-lem, even ever; great house, burnt 

10 he with fire. And alt the annj of the 
Clial-de'ans, that were vilA the cap- 
tain of the guard, brake donn the 
walt^ of Je-ru'aa-lem round about. 

11 And tiie mridne of the pnqrie that 
were left in the dty, and those that 
fell away, that fell to the king of 
Bab'j-lon, and the residue of the mul- 
titude, did Neb'u-zar'a-dan the cnp- 
taia of the guard carry away captive. 

12 But the captain of tlie guard left of 
the poorest of the land to be vine- 
dresaers and husbandmen. 

ittnllioa, or ociwrwlse Dbaoxious lo tha Anfrian goTemment. In Uiair number were Seraiah, 
the h^-prleM, grandfitfaer of Em (Elzra T. 1), bla sigan, or deputj', a priost of Che seoond 
vrder. Jer. !I. S; SB. S$, 19; ST. S. — Unatrt. The slight differanoes In numben sre essil; 
sceountad fbr wlien we remember that tbe Hebrews marked their numliers by letters, end that 
there a a grett umileriC; between many of the letters of their alphnbet. — Luni]/. 

9. BtwrT- Kraat nun'e house burnt he with fire— The Bevieed Version omits " msn's." 
Th* eipreei'ion in S Chronicles is '■ he burnt all tbe palaoei thereof with flre."— Con^rw^ Ihilt. 
Thai all the architectural glory of ancient Jerusalem — temple, palsoee, and nobis edifloes — was 
ndnced lo a mass of ruins. — Ttrty. 

■to Icala la lenporal u well u eteraki ntla. Bee Ulustkaiioiis. Our panoasl otaerralfoa 
MU doubUses glTe es manj pslDfal examples. 

10. n^ake down the walls— And hi that ruined etsce they reuuined till the time of 
Nehemiah. Neh. 1. S; S. IT. 

11. Beat of the people ... In the oltT' — Bnch warrion and leading oiUiene as had not 
attempted to eiicspv. Tosltlrea ... to tbe Ung of BabT-lon—DeaerteTB who had gone over 

to the Chaldeans Tmy, Ncbuiar-adan took the reaidue at the halter aort, both those who 

■till were faithful to their country and those who bad gone over to tbe Babylonian aide, and the 
residue ol the or>mmon folk, who were likely to prove useftil in some eettlement, and carried both 
these classes with him. — Camliridgt SMt. 

We maat keep tailk wnm with ubeltoTer* «•< ewalea. Joab. g. IS. 

IS. Tlne-di ueaure and bnsbaadnisn — From tbeaa poor no trouble was spprehended, end 
It was deemed wise to leave tboae who would cuitivate the land in order that the country might 
not beeome utterly a desert. — Terry. Now that the greal hauaea aod their inhabitante were gone, 
and the craflnnen elao, their life become Do better than that of the nomads, end the people left 
behind oould only turn to keeping the land In cultivation. Jeremiah (SO. 10) calls them " the 
' poor of the people, who bod nothing." — Lmnii/. 

■UsheaareaeoMllBseaaFSlaBllf. Tor. U. Bee ILLVBTRliiOHS. 

Th« Inal of coBtnest beRet* tronUe. Ter. l.—Xapolton, when he «sa ukcd the 
Tssson for hia conatant wars, declared, " Conquest has msde me what I am, and conquest must 


3 Kims 26. 1-12. LESSON* XIL Second Quabtkb. 

hands and feat, (Ull TeMlntdf nub Inlo the midst of dsngan, tnd nadj to delWer up to fortous 
■s; olher pan of bit bodj the might datini provided he might live glorioual; wiUi the Teat of it 

Wheii flawen an AiU of boaveQ-deaMnded de«a tba; alwaji hong thdr ksad* ; but men 
hold thoin the higher the mora tboj receive.— .£mcA«-. 

Of idl aim coTctoniuiim b tbs moat Inudioua. It la like the ailttng np nf a livar. Aa tba 
stream oomea down from tlie land it bringi with It Mind and uRli, aud dspcmita Ibeaa at ita 
mouth, M that bj degreea it will bloab iUolf up and leave no channel for abip' of ureat burden. 
£ff daOj dtpoiiU it imperoeptibly creatae a bar which ia dangeroua to navigation. Manf a man 
when he begma to aooBmulale blodu up hia feeling (br othen. — i^nuyttm. 

Hnager la tke worat enemr mea hftTB to ll(kt. Ter. 3.— Durliiji the French Bevo- 
lution hundrcda of market-women, attended by an aimed mob of men, went to VerMillea to da> 
mand brciid of the National Assembly. They entered tba ball. There waa a dii>cuiu>ion upon the 
criminal laws goini; on. A flaherman cried out, " Stop tiiat babbler J that Is not the question ; 
tAt giuttion it aiout bTtadl"—Lialt. 

When Horalea, the pdnter, was Invited by Philip IL to court, he came in nucb a magnlfloant 
ooatunie that the king in anger diamUaed him. The neM time they met he appeared in a very 
diBTerent dress — poor, old, and hungry — which ao touched the heart of the kiug that he provided 
bim with a revenue which kept him in comfort for all the fUtore. How much more does man's 
want touch the heart of Qod ! 

" Hunger breaks through aton»-walla." Nothing can keep back the man who hungeia after 
Ciirist ; hs will foroe hia way to the bread of lltb. — Bpurgton. 

Too laUi I Ter. 4> — A great surgeon alood befbi« hia elass to perfbrm va operation. 
With atrong and gentle hand he did his part of the work successfully, and then turning to his 
pupils said : " Two years ago a simple operation might have cured this diacose. Six yean ago a 
wise way of life might have prevented it. Nature muxt now have her way. Bhs will oat consent 
to the repeal of her capital aentenoe." The patient died next day. 

An old man said to hia paalor : " At aeventeen I tiegan tn feel deeply, but put it oW till settled 
in life. After mairioge I bought a fkrm and thought It would not suit to becoiiio religions till I 
had paid fbr IL I resolved to wait ten years. At the end of that time 1 thonght no more about it. 
I cannot now keep my mind on the subject one moment. ItUt/n UiU," — Cltrta^ L^rarf. 

Christianity leaseni tlie korronof wsr. Vor* 7* — Bivers move calmer when neoring 
the sea, and winds subside with the going down of the sun, ao as the world's diiy lustena on it 
exhibits mors of tlia pence which waa heralded by the angcla. 

The United States has since ITM twanty-four times sought to aettle notional lUflemkcea by 
arbitration, introducing in all treaties to be made a clause Uiat neither party should go to war 
without Smt aubmitting the case to a court of arbitration. — Boat*. 

Be enre yonr ain will And yon out. Ter. T.— Though penaltiea are long delayed 
wrong-doing ia certain to meet with its appropriate puniahmenl. Whan the whirlwind aweepa 
through tba forest, at its fint breath the giant tree falls to ciBshing the ground. But it was 
twenty yaon prcpuring for tliia fall. Twenty yeara befbre It reoiuved a gush. Twenty yearn be- 
(bro water settled at aome crotch and aent decay to the heart of the tree. The work of dauh pro- 
groused tjll it stood all rotlenneas and fell in the Bnt gale.— .£ncA<r. 

The Batiii of France has an inviaihle "studio" in a gallery behind the csshicra, ao that at a 
signal fVom one of CJieui, any suspected cnatomer can inatontiy have hi* picture taken witliout bit 
own k nowlodge. Bo aina are regiatered, whether tlia sinner ia conadous or not. 

8Ib leadn to temporal aa veil aa eternal rula. Ter. B.— Wallcing in the country, 
I went inlo a bam where 1 found a threahar at work. I addr e a oo d bim in the words of Bolomoa : 
" la all labor thero la proSt." LeaiUng upon hia flail, he answered, vitli great energy : " Sir, 
that is the truth; bntthora iaona exception to it; I have labored long in t!ie service of ain, bull 
hove got no pToJU by raj lahora. — Jag. 

Riches are aomelimes a calaniltr. Ter> IZ.— When Ur. Locke Brst came over ftom 
Italy old Dr. Hoora was crying up his paintings and uaked ma if I did not think be would make a 
great pointer. I uid, "No, never I " "WhynotI" " Because he hoa thirty thousand a ysar."— 

Jahit IFcu/nr remarked in early life that he had known bat four man who had not deoUnsd 

y.. C00»^IC 

June 21, 1891, LESSON XIL 2 Kihos 2S. 1-19. 

in inetjr b; beoDming irsalcby ; at ■ l«tet period he corrected the renuu'k uid aatU IM ntaption*. — 

I ouiiiot call lichee better thantbebafgageofTirtue; tba BunaD void U better — impidiiittiila ,■ 
(brae the baitgage » to theamif acui richet to virtue; it cannot be cpanid nor left behind, but it 
bindeietlillieiiiaTclior IcMth tbeTlolorr. Itfaaa no real dio but diatribntion ; the rest i* oonoeit.— 


I. ^e laatUiici of Jndali. Tberewu a Jewiah legend that the iMt drop* in11ie''hom of 
oil" uaedin thesDolntitiKQf thelfingBfallon Iha head of Joaiah. Certain It la that hiteuoceeeon 
did Dot iihare hia spirit. ./AtooAoi, levanteenlh king; thru montha ; carried ■ captiva to Egypt. 
JtMaUiii, eighteenth king; eleven ^«an idiedarwaamurdBreddaringtbaflntiu^of Jeruulcm. 
■/(ADtocjltm or i/iiantaA, nineteeDth king, thi«a niontha; oaniad captive to Babylon. Zid^iaX, 
twantietta king ; eleven yearn ; blinded and taken cqitive to Babjloa. 

JL mia Tiaa of Babylon. A new nams arreati attention, " Hetnudtadtiaaar, King of 
Babylon," and bringe to notiee the great ehan|[e in tfae Oriental vorld. Anyiia hai blleii, 
Nineveh has been destroyed, and a new emplta has arisen tnta ita mine. Babylon [a now "Ibe 
lady of kingdoma." The Aaayiian Empire had destroyed Israel ; the Babylonian Empire waa 
todeatroy Jndah. 

a. Chnaoa of ttaa oaptlTity, 1.) The ovarshadawing power of Babylon, and eonqnwtl of 
Nebucbadneiiar. £.) The dialoyalty of Jewish kings to the "great king" of Babylon; oon- 
•tantly rebelling and seeking aid from Egypt. S.) Tbepolitioaineoeasi^ormakingsafbaudsacara 
the frontier of the empire towud Egypt, compelling the deportation of (he jevra. 4.) Tbe 
•onUnued wiekednen of Judah. The idolatroos element was swept aw^, and the religious patt 
of the people carried into captivity. 

4. Seati uotlon of the kinsthMn. Note tbe earlier cap^vlty in the reign of Jehniikhn, 
600 B. C, IVoDi which the "seventy yeara" begfn; and the later captivity In the niga of 
Zedekiah, described in the leason, S88 B. C. Its tnimediate causa was the rebellion of Zedekiah 
after he had promisud submiMiian to NebuohadDaiiBr. Describa its eventa la related in the leeeon 
and in parallel passBEes. Show how all this was the nault of forsaking God. Note in the leesnn : 
lOThesicgc. S.) The famine. 8.) Theklng'Bilight t.) The king's fate. 5.) TbedeatmcdoD 
of the olty. a.) The captivity of the people. 

8. Tba oaptlTltr a blaarins. There were two Judahs, as there had been two Israels ; the 
Idolatrous nuss, and the godly " remnant." The mass waa destroyed and alidn; theranuiaot waa 
cairied Into captivity. Their lives were preaerved ; they were kept together ; they concinned 
fiuthfol to God's service <noti«e some of tbe paatros of the captivee, P#a. 1 it, 187, 4S), and they 
were tbe holy seed which in due time came back to rebuild Jemaolem and re-establish God's 
eaoM. So trial ei-er proves a blearing to those who are lUthful. 

1. T0 8PII0IAI.BVBJS(7r8.— "The Inscriptions Settle the Nome and Suooos of the 
Asayrian Ifonaroh," Baardt of tin jRu<, v, IIS. " Jerusalem taken by Kebucbadnezar," 
Bnoscs, JoMpA'i Owf, Ap., I., Ig. " Babylon in its Grandeur," Biaosus, 1, SO. "Tbe Standard 
Inscription of NebuchadncBar," Bawiihbov, Htrodabu, ii, 485. " Kebuchadnexzar in Babylon," 
Fbuib, £leiiJimf lAghU, IBS. " Propbetio Uenonoutlona against Jerusalem," Stahlit, Sinai 
and IhUtliiu, SflS. " InfliHQoe of Captivity on the Jewa," Thingi Not QaurMy Kaotm, Sli. 
" Buins of Bibiab,'* Poitna, Oiont CVtino/Awkw, tSK. " Jmeho," TmBTRjJt, Land e/ /tnul, 
•H, S14, 49S ; TnowsoH, SeuHurn FtUaUnt and Jtrtualtm, «80. " Jordan Talley," Trutrak, 
IW. "Walls of Jennalem, built I? Nehemieh," KiTTO,At;( .Sutory, SSI, eSL " Walls and 
Fortllcatlons by Bolomon," Ktrro, fiSS. " Walls of Jenualem," Portir, 12i. " Walls of 
Jctnulem," Tboidioh, Libanan and Btj/ond Jordan, Its, SAT, tO*-S11. "Famine In Palestine," 
Kmo, 731, TU. "Biblah," Trokbox, ZtiatUM and Afond Jordan, 1S8, SK, tOV-Stl. 

•* Mebnefaadnawr," TwiKamf, SauUimt AtoMu md JtnuaUm, IT, lOT, »>, ses. 




LESSON XIII.— June 28. 


OOLDBN TBZT.— Know y» m 

orlff htsoiu mball n 

t liih«rlt Che kdncdom 

1 Our. a. 0. 

rmOL— About TE6 B. C. 

FI.A.CE.— Janmlani. 


The twantj-dghth obaptoT of tho book of luteh u ods of thsgnatast of hii prophocdca. It 
is dlMlof^iihed by that regal verwtltity of Htjlo wbioh placea it« author at tho head of Hebrew 
writon. Bome time when the big black cloud wai gatliering on the north, luiab imiaed bla voiea 
to tho niagiuUH of Jeruutcm : " Lift j-our heida (torn four winc-bowli ; Icxik north. The nm- 
■hlne ii atill on Samaria, and your fallow-drialcen Uiara an reveling Id aacurlty. But the Htonn cnepa 
up behind. They shall cartainly perish soon ; eves yoa cannot help aeelng that. Let it KOia 
you, for their sin ia youn, an<l that storm vill not exhaust Itself on Samaria. Do Dot think that 
your clover polidos, alHuDCe with Egypt, or the tnaty with Assyria henelf shall aave you. Hen 
are nover sated Team deaih and hell by making oovenanta vlth thatn. Scomei* of religi'<D and 
righteousness, exoept ye ceaae being akeptlal and drunken, and mme bsrok troai ynnr diplonuKiy 
to faith and reason, ;e shall not be saved I Thle deatruetlon that looma is golnir to ooTer the 
whole earth. Bo atop your running to and fh> acrow it In aeareh of alllaDces. Hi fiat iMtvttk 
t^lt net matt halt*. Stay at home and trat in the Ood of Zion, for Zion ia the one thing that 
aliaUanrrWe."— fl. A. Smith. 

1 Woe to the crown of pride, to the 
drunkards of E'phra-im, whose glurioua 
beaotj u a fndiiiK flower, which are nn 
the bead of the fat vallejrs of tliem that 
are 'oTercome with winel 

1 Wae to the cmwn of pride of the 
drunkards of E'phra-im, and to the 
fading Bowing of his glorious beantj, 
which is on the head of the fat Tallej 
of them that are 'overcome wilh 

1. Crown of pride, to tba drankarda — Hebrew for "proud frown 0/ tht dmnlartlt," tte, 
{HonUy), nairidy, Samaria, the capital of Ephraim, or Israel. 'Wboae glociona beantr la 
a fodloK flower— It was the custom at feasts to wreathe the brow wil}i flowera ; so Samaria, 
" which ia (not aa in the Engliah reraion, which ok) upon tho head of the fertile valley," that is, 
la eituated on a hill aurraunded with the rich vallcya na a garland (I Kings IS. M) ; but the gar- 
land ia "bding," as garlands often do, because Ephralm is now close to ruin (comp. chap. IS. fCf, 
fulfilled TSl B. C. 2 Kings IT. t, M.— AiuKi. They had always beon hard drlnken in north 
Irroel. FiRy ]-can before Amoa flashed Judgment on those who trual«d in the mount of Samoiia, 
"iollingnpoD thcircDuchea and gulping their wine out or baains," women an well as men. Upcai 
these aame drunkaida of Ephroim, now loakod nnd stunned, Isuah faaUna his woe. Sunny Iha 
sky aud balmy tho air in which they lie, etrotched upon llowora by the heads of tlteir fat val- 
leys — s land that tempts ita inbabltanta with the security of perpetual annimer. But Ood'a awift 
storm drives up tlio valley— hail, rain, and violent slreams froiri every gorge. Flowen, wreatha, 
and pampered bodies sro trampled in the mire. The glory of sunny Ephrsim is as the first tips 
flg B msn flndetfa, and " while k is yet In hiii band he eateth it up." Ver. 4. But while drunken 
luagnatcs and the flowers of a rich land are swept away, then is s reddoe who oan and do al»ds 
even that storm, to whom the Lord himself shall be for a erown, "a spirit of jnstioa to him that 
siiteth for Justice, ai:d for strength to them that turn bsck the battle st the gate." Var. t.— 
ScpotHor'i BiiU, 




IsA. 28. 1-18. 

9 Behold, the Lord liatli & miglitj nnd 
■trong one, *»AteA tu a tempest of hail 
and a destrnyiiig Btorm, as a flood of 
mighty wateis OTerflowing, shall cast 
down the earth wilh the hand. 

8 The crown of pride, the drunkards of 
S'phra-im, shall be trodden 'under feet; 

* And the glorious beaut;, which ij 
on the head of the fat viillc;^, shaUbe a 
fading flower, aTtd as the hastj fruit be- 
fore the summer; vhich vihcn he that 
looketh upon it sceth, while it U jet In 
his hnud he *e&t«th it up. 

5 In that day shall the Lobd of hoata 
be for A CTOWQ of glory, and for a diadem 
of beauty, unto tlie residue of bis people, 

S And for a spirit of judgment to Htii 
that ritteth in judgment, ana for Btrongth 
to them that turn the buttle to the gate. 

3 wiuet Behold, the Lord hath a 
mighty and strong oue; as a tempest 
of hail, a destroying Btorm, as a 
tempest of mighty waters OTerflowing, 
Bhall lie cast down to the earth 'with 

8 tlie hand. The crown of pride of 
the drunkards of E'phra-im shall be 

4 trodden under foot: and the fading 
floKcr of bis glorious beaaty, which 
ia on the head of the fat valley, shall 
bu as the flrstripe flg bufore the sum- 
mer; which when he that looketh 
upon it secth, while it is yet in his 

5 hiLnd he eateth it up. In that da; 
shall the Lord of hosts bo fur a crown 
of glory, and for a diadem of beanty, 

6 unto the residue of his people: and 
for a spirit of judgment to liim that 
Bitteth in judgment, and for Btrength 
to them that turn back the battle 'at 

S. TIm IiMd hath a mlghtr and strong one — The AAnyrinn. Chip. 10. 5. All wrtlily 
poweniremeretoolsor wMpoDsin th«h«nd oftheLord. Tempeat . . . storm. . . . flood 

— S<x nolo on *crM 1. Aftar aA Aatyrian army had devustatad a land it wu a wasta. 

4. WUle it ia yet is hi* hand — Iminedlitalf, without delay; dencribing the eogeniHa at 
the Aaayiiin BhnliiuDosor, not marely to aaaquiir, but to destroy utterly, Somalia ; whorcas other 


6. The TsaidaB — Primarily, Judsh, iu the . pronperouii roign of Hizekbh (1 Kings IS. t), 
antitypically, the elect of Qod : m ho is iiere osllod their '' orown oud diadem," so itro they called 
His (chap. (a. S) ; s besutlftU redproclty.— /(iiuw<. 

6. The lesson of Tennyson's " Vision of Sin," and of Arnold's " Nev Sirens," that night 
and froet, decay end death, como down M lut on pnuipcred sonMi, is Docossary, but not enough. 
Who stops there ramsliu b defectivo and morbid manliti. When you have ronds the sensual 
■hifer before the diseue that insTitnbl]' owaita them, you innit )^ on to bKow that then sro men 
who have the secret of aarviving the moat terrible J ud;;m(mt3 of Ood, and lift th^r figures, 
oalm and glorious, agairut the atorm-wuhed sky. Prenoh tlio dipiavlly of meo, but novor apart 
ftom the possibilitiw that remain in them. It is lailah's health as a moralist that lie oombines 
the two. No proplielBvBrthmatcned Judgment mora Ineiorabla and complete than he. Yet he 
never biled to tell the sinner how poaeibie it was for liiin to ba different. I( it ware ncceessry to 
«nuh men in the mud, Luioh would not leave them there with the henrts of swine. But he put 
eoniMiouce in them, and (ba envy of what was puie, and tbe admiration of what was viotorious. 
Even OS tliey wallowed he pointed them to the figures ot men like themsatvea, who hod survived 
and overoomo by tho Spirit of Qod. Beta we peruatvo the ethioal poaaibilities that lay In bla 
flmdamentsl dootrine of a remnant. Isaiah never crushed men beneath tha fear of judgment 
without revealing to them the poaslbitity and beauty of victoriuna virtue. Hod wo lived in tliose 
(rest days what a help he hod been to ds — what a help he may ba still I— not only Arm to declare 
that the wsge* of sin is death, but careful to effect that our humiliation shall not be despair, and 
thet even when we feel our shame and irrctrievableneas tbe most, wo shnll hsve the oppoitunily 
to behold oar humanity crowned and seatod on tho throne fh>m wliich we had CilleD, our 
homanity driving baek Che battle fl'om the gate against which we had boeu hopelessly driven t 
This sixth vene sounds Ilka a trumpet in the ean of enervated and de>>|«lring man, — &ipoii- 
ioi't BHU. Jehovah will inspire their maglstratss with Justice, sod Iheii soldiojs with strength 
of Bjdriti Turn the hattla to the B^te — The defenders of their country, who not only repel the 


Iba. 28. 1-16 


Sbcottd Qi 

7 But they also 'have erred througli 
vine, and through strung tlriak are out 
of the way; 'the priest and the prophet 
liave crreil through strong driok, they 
are atvalloTred up of wine, thej ore out 
of the way through strong drink; they 
err in rieinn, they stumble in judgment. 

S For all Ubiea are full of vomit and 
filtliiness, «> that &ere U no place clean. 

9 Whom 'sh&ll he tench knowledge t 
Knd whom ahall he make to undcntHod 
' doctrine t th«m that are weaned from 
tlie milk, atid drawn from the breaatx. 

10 For precept 'imut be upon precept, 

Erecept upon precept; Hue upon lino, 
ne upon line; here a little, and ther« a 

11 For with 'stammering lips and 

7 the gmtc. But these also 'hava erred 
through wine, and through stroDg 
drink *nre gone aatray; the priest 
and the prophet * have erred through 
strong drink, they are awstlowed up 
oF wine, they are gone astray tbrongli 
strong drink ; they ' err in visiun, 

B the J stumble in judmnent. For all 
tabiea are full of vomit and fllthincca, 

9 ■» that there U no place ehan. ' Whom 
will ho teach kuaw!ed<.-«? and whom 
will he make to undcivtand the * mes- 
sage t ttiem that are weaned from the 
milk, and drawn from the breastat 

10 For it is precept upon precept, prC' 
upon precept; "line upon line, line 
Upon hue ; here a little, there a little. 

11 " Nay, but by man of strange lipa and 

1. 11. 2S ; 

pie. B.— 

toe ttoin thenMolTca, but drive him to the gUe> of hia owu o 

7. Thoui^h Judah la to Karvivs the fall of Ephraim, yet "they sIm" (the men of Judah) 
bavo perpctraUd like eiru to thcwe of Bwnuia (chip. G. 8, 11), which muat be ehutUed \ij Ood. 
Brrad . . . are out of the war . . . stacker . . . leel— Repeated, to eiprcsii the l^eqasncr 
of iho vice. Judgment— Tha prieata Iiud the idmiaisintion of the liir coiiimlttad to them. 
Deut. IT. » ; 19. IT. It waa (golnat tlie law for [he prieati to take wloe before entorin); the taber- 
necla. Lev. 10. 6; Eieklel U. SI. Here the drunkanle are iatroduced ai noofSngl/ ooot- 
nnnlinc on luish's wBminna: " Whom vill he (dona Isaiah preauma to) tasoh knowledfcel And 
whom will ha mnka to nndflTntand hutruciion t Is it thoM (that la, does ho make ui to be) joR 
weaned, elct For (he ia oinatand/ nipeating, aa if to little ehildieu) preoept upon precept," eUw 

9, 10. Ood'a waya with men aie moatiy commoDplaee ; that la the hardett leaaon we have 
to Ivam. Tlio lonKUe of conadeDae *p«ka like the tongue of time, prevailingly by Udu and 
nioinenta ; not In undue eioileioenc of aout and body, not in the itiniiig up of our peaaioni nar 
by enliating our ambitionk, not in thunder nor in atartling vialona, but by every-day pieeapta of 
fuilhrulneei, honor, and purity, to which oonKdenoe hai to rise unwinged by fen^ or wntntioa 
end dreadfully weighted with the drearineee of lift. If we, eaniod away upon the nuhing Inter- 
eata of the world, and with our appetite spoiled by the wealth and piquancy of intelleotnal knowl- 
edge, deepise the simple monitions ol conscisnoe and Beripture as unintereating and childish, this 
is the risk wo run — that Ood will speak to ns in another, and this time unshirkahle, kind of 
eommonplace. What that ia we ehnll nnderstand when a career of dissipation or unaoniptiloua 
amtdtion has berelt life of all Interest and Joy, when one enthnaisam after another grows doll, 
and one pleaaare alter anoUier taaleteaa, when all the Uttle things of life preach to us otJudfiHtrnt 
and tlu gramh>pptr httonuth at«iri«i,and we, slowly doaeeuding tbroQf^ the drab and monotony 
of decay, sulTar the loot great eommonplace, death. — Si^otUot't SibU. Una — A rule or taw. 
(Jfevrw,) The repetiUon of aoundx in Hebrew, ttav, lalsati,leat, lalaar, qat lagae, gae tofot, 
expreeiea theaoom of the imitaton of Isaiah's speaking; he apoka slamniering. Ver. 11. God's 
mode of teaching offenda hj its eiinpUoity tJie pride of hlnners. S Kings E. 11, li; I (^. 1. II. 
Btammeren aa they were by drunkenncu, and cliUdran in knowledge of Qod, they needed to be 
epoken to In the language of clilUIran and " with alammcring lips." Comp. Matt. IS. II, A Joat 
■nd mercifSl retribu^on. — Fauud. 

11. Tor— Bather, trulj/. Thia Is baiah'a reply to the toofran : Your drankea qaea l ioae ahsll 





■notlicr toQgue' 'will ho itpesk to this 

la To nbom he sajol. This ' i» the rest 
MA«r«DJfA ye may cnaB« the wenry to 
Text; Biid tbU ii the icfreshiog: yet 1 hey 

13 Biitf^j^^nrd of the J^nn wad nnto 
them pritpcpt rUpoD precept, precept ii|x>n 
precept 1 lipe upon line,' line upon line;. 
here & little, aniJ there a little; that they 
iiiiglit go, and fall backward, and be 
broken, and Boared, and taken. 

14 Wherefore hear the word of thp 
Lord, ;e ecnmfal men, that rule tliia 
people wliich u in Jerusalem. 

13 Because ye have said. Wo haya 
made a cuvennut viih death, and %'ith 
hell are we at agreement; when the over- 
flowing Bcourge Bhall paea throagb, it 
Bbull not eoroe unto us: for we linvc 
made liei our refuge, and under false- 
hood have we hid ourselves. 

le Thcrrfore thue eaith the Lord Ood, 
Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundslioTi 
* a itone, a tried stone, a precious comer 

with another tongue will he speak to 

12 tliis people: to whom he said. This 
is the rest, give ye rest to liini that is 
weary; and this is the refreshing; 

13 yet they wonld not hear. Therefore 
shall the word of the Lobd be unto 
tliem precept upon precept, precept 
upon precept; line upon line, line 
upon line; licre a little, there a little;, 
that they may gn, anil fall backward, 
and be broken, nnd^narud, endtaken. 

14 Wheruforo hear the word of the 
Loud, ye «cornful men, that rule this 

15 people which is in Je-ru'sa-lem ; Be- 
cause ye have said, We have made a 
covenant with death, and with " bell 
are we lit agreement; when the over- 
flowing scourge shall pass thnillgh, it 
sbikll not couie unto us; for we have 
made lies our refuge, and under false- 

18 hood have we hid oursplves; there- 
fore tlius snith the Lonl OoD, Be- 
hold, I "lay in Zi'on for a foundation 

beuuwenjd bj the Kverelcesoii* from Gutl conveyed throu^^liIheAwyriiimaDdBabyloniuu; the 
dialect of these, though Semitic, like llui Hebrew, wiu so far dilTmint ai lo toaad to tlie Jbk-r 
like the tpeech of rUunmitnni. Comp. chap. S3. 19 ; M. II. lo them who will not DDdenund 
(lod will ipok still mom uniDtellijpbly. — Famit. 

m. THB SURZI FOUNDATION. Venes 14-17. 

H, To Imiiah'a Chmatsof deatmetloD the polltidaiu of Jcruwlom teplicd, We "have bought 
destruction off!" The; meant some treaty with a foreign power. Diplomacy ia nlwnysobiiciin;, 
snd at that distance its details are buried for us in Impcnctmblo darkness. But wa ma; mfcly 
ooDcluds that it wua cither the treaty of Ahai with Assyria or some counter-treaty siccntcd with 
Egypt since this power began again to rise into preteDliauancss, or, more probably still. It wsa a 
secret agnwment wiLh the soathem power while the open treaty with the northcra vas yet In 
foTca. Isaigb, froin the way En whjdi he rpeakA, seems to bo id ignoranoe of all, except that the 
politicion'a boast was an unhallowed, underhand Intrigue, accomplished by much suindllng and 
fiilseconceit of cleTemCB*. This wretched subterfuge Isoiflh exposes in some of the moat powerihl 
sentences ho over uttered. A faithless diplomacy was never more thoroughly lud bare In its 
inii>erablB mixture of political pedantry and fuhicbood. — £iponloi'i £ibU. 

15. Covonant — There may be a tacit rererencc to their confidence in their " covenant " with 
the Assyrians in the esrly part of lleieklah'* proepcrous reiitn, before he ccosed to pay tribute 
to them, M if it insured Jadah from evil wliatever might befall the neighboring Ephroim. Vcr, 1. 
The full meaning is i>hown by the language (" Covenant with death — hell," or aheol) to apply to 
an lolled in false sceuiily spirilnalty (Poa. 12. i\ Eocl. 8. 6; Jer. B. 11); the godly alone are in 
eovenantwith death. Jobs. S3; llos. S. 18; ICor. S. SS.— 7hu«M(. Overdowliu; •ooutks— Two 
metaphors. Tturonch — Namely, through Judoh on their way to Igypt, to puainb it as the pro- 
lector of fiamorio. S Kings 17. i. — Jamieten. 

16. Therefore thus nltb tlie Ijord Ood, Behold, I lar In S9an for * fbuudation 



Isju 28. 1-18. 


Skcond Quabteb. 

*t»ne, a aura foundiitiaD ; ho that believeth 
sbalt not make hsst«. 

17 Judgment elsovillll.ijto theline, 
Bnd rigliteoiiBnesa to the plummet: nnij 
Ibe h&il shall sweep awny the refuge of 
lies, and tlie waters shall overflow the 

18 And yaureorenant with death shall 
be diaaonulted, and jour agreement n-ith 
hcU shall not stand; when the ovorflow- 
ing sdoui^ shall pass through, then 70 
shall be 'ti'oddeu duwn b; it. 

h stone, a tried atone, « j^rectona cor- 
ner itong of sure foundn^on: he that 

17 believeth shall not fnatce haate. And 
I will make judgment the line, and 
rightcouincss the plummet: and the 
hail shall sweep awaj the rerege of 
lies, and the waters shall overflow 

18 t!ie hiding-place. And your cove- 
nant with death shall be disannulled, 
and jour agreement with "hell shall 
not stand ; when the overdoiring 
KOUrce shall para throu^li, then 76 
shall be trodden down bj iL 

a stone, a tried stone.spraolonsooTneT-atona, asuTD foundation: ha that ballevatli atnll 
not make haste — No neiKl of swift couriers to Egypt, snd tnt and fcrcr nf poor jiolitical bniu 
in Jorusnlem I The word make haste b oaomitopoatia, likeoar/im, snd, if fuss mny bo spplied to 
the conduct ofliigh sffiiira ofStste, iu exact cqiilvslont in meaning. — Ei^ofUor't Bibli. Comsr- 
■tane (1 Kings fi. IT ; 7. 9 ; Job S8. 6) — Tlie stono Intd at tho comer wlicre two walls meet and 
Gonncctinfc tlicm ; often oostiy. Vake haste — Floo In lisMy nlorni ; but tha Srptudgint has " ba 
SBhamod ; " so Rom. 9. St, and 1 Pot. S. 6, " bccoufuunded," lubatimtiBlty tliD umo Idea. He 
wlio naU on Ilini ahall not hivo tlio ahime of diuppwntznmt, nor Sua in sudden panic Sea 
ehsp. JO. IS \ i2. n.—Fhtuei. 

17. Line — The mcasnrinf; line of the plummot. Mbnltg translate!: " I will appoint jodg- 
nient for the rule, and jostico fbrtheplununot." Asthecomor-sloDsstands moat porpeudiculor and 
•locCly propoitJoned, so Jehovsh, while holding out gnux to believsn in the foundation stone, will 
{udgotliescoffen (vcr. IB) occordiofc to the exact justice of tlie isw. Comp. Jas. 9. It. — Famit. 

18. Diaannullad — Oblitcrstcd. ss Icttern traced on a voxcn tablet are obliterated bj posing 
tho stilus over it — Jamiaon, Trodden down— Psssing fhim tbe motaphor in "soonrge" to 
the thing meant, the snny whisli treads down its enemica. — Ihtimt. 


1. The orown of pride. Vera. l-U. WI10 are so named t What Is hare said of thdr 
bciiutyl VTbatiKtobeltsfiitet How slisUtliut fate be broughtlopsssl Notice tbot the ploMtira 
and the glory nf nil drunkards shall come to naugbt. 

2. The crown of glory. Vera. 5, G. In conlnut with the Gulinf giories of plevure atxnda 
tlie crown of glory and [lis diadoru of hoauty nhioh como from God. Notloe that in theae vems 
God gives to ilia people, 1) Glory andlinnor; 2)lksuly of charncler ; S) Wiadom; t) Stntngth and 
suooesB. What docs drialc do (or men aa oompnntd witli Clieae btesaingsl 

3. Kning tlirouch wine. Yera. 7, S, Pnawnt the gnpliio doaariptioa of the effects of 
strong drink in these vsnoa. £ vcn tiio pricata and tbs prophets, oisn of Ood, have been led astray 
through liquor. In our time sbio ministers and great statesmen iia re been ruiaud by strong drink. 

4. The remedy. Vera. 9-IS. It is to taach Ibo obildren the truth of Ood and ths principle* 
of conduct. "Precept upon precept, line upon line," etc Vcisea II-IS may inUmate that iua- 
mudi as the people have refused to hearken to the gentler instructions of Ood he will now speak 
(O them In another tongue through nffiieUons and cakmltici. 

6. The reftiKB of Uea. Vers. It, 15. These peoplo hod deemed themselves secnre in their 
sins. But their refuge of lies shall bo swept away, snd their hiding^plaoe overthrown in the storm 
of God's wrath. Sola it ever with those whose trust is in esrtlily pleasure. 

e. The aoie Fonndatlon. Van. IQ, IT. What ia the foundation-atone which Is heia ds- 
Bcrihed I Notloe bow Paul applies the refercnoe in Eph. 1. fiO-23. Christ is the tms fbuiidaticQ 
of character which am never beaweptaway. 





, Gooi^lc 



LE^SSON I— July 5. 

THE WOBD MADE TLKSH.— Johh 1. 1-18L 
OOIABK TEXT.— The Word waa made fleoh, and dwelt among' na.— Jotm 1. U. 


mil 008FBL or JOHBT, It ia gennslly bglteTed, vu vriMil long after Um otbar 
thTM gtMpels, about K> A. I)., iD the wcond or third ^nvntJoD of (hg Chrigtlui Church. A new 
tjpa of mui bad btsa dcreloped bf th* piapel, not Jew nor BtHiun nor Ureek, but blending in 
one the noblat traits of all. To thi* nair Hpiiitiul man, truued under Chriitiaait; and able to 
oomprehend divina trutli, John VfHto the datper rcrelatloD of Christ — Surliul. Bee Ibtio- 
pccnoir. paj^ 16. 

I^BBBOS STATSSCBHT. — The antbor Siat introdneaa the f(raat Feraoiuvie of hie book b7 
•etting forth his true dirinitj, and aqiedall; his rektious to Ood befora he liMBine munlfat to 
toen. Ten. 1, S. Ha wta rapreme snd uniiersal Creator (ver. E), the loiiree and fouDtuin of 
nb and lifflii Ut men (yti. 4) ; albeit thbi li^ht waa BtrBD|{el/ repelled by a benighted world. 
Ter. 6. Profainent among the mhjeete broDght forward in this aliapt^r la the misalon of John 
the Baiittst ■■ a witnem for Christ. Vera. t-B. Jesos was the true Light of the world, altboagh 
■o atrangel; Rpelled bj his andent people. Tern. >-ll. Yet aoma did reoeive him, thus bo- 
coming sons of Ood by a birth Irul; from Qod. Vera. 11, U>. The divine Word appaarod in 
human foim, revealing to man tlie glory of the Father. Ten. 14, IS. Again the aqthor ravcrta 
to the leetimonj of John the Bsptiat (ver. IS), and enlargea upon the Aillneaa of grace and truth 
which oomee to men through Chriat, other and greater than that which eame through lloaea. 
Ten. IS, IT. — Cottla. In thia Pralogna we notloe what may be called a spiral movement An 
idea cornea to the ftont, like the strand of a rope, retiree again, and rs-appean later on for develop- 
ment and further deflnltion. Heonwhlla another idea, like another strand, onmcs before ux, and 
rt-tirea to re-appear In like manner. Thai the W<nd ii presented to «■ in veree 1 , withdrawn, and 
agdn preaented to na in verae 14. The creation cornea nan, in verse S, disappear!^ and retnma 
Bfiain in verae 10. . Then "the Light" la Introduced in veneG, withdrawn, and reproduced in 
venae 10, 11. Kexttha r^Je^lon of the Word is put betbre us in verse S, rcisoved, and again put 
before na in verse* 10, 11. Laatly, the. testiiaony of John is men^oned in venes C and T, 
repeated in vene 16, taiccn up again Lnverae 19, and developed through thetuext two aectlona of 
the diaptv.— fTKOMur, 

AitttMrtsed Tenln. I B*r)M# VaqriCB. 

1 In the beginning vaa 'tlie Word, | 1 In the beginning va« tbo Word, 


L THB WORD WAS OOD. Venea 1-6. 

1. In the hednninc— Originally, prior to all history.— tTbdra. Comp. John IT. M; 

Kph. 1. 4; and contrast Hark 1. 1, which atludea to the histoiioal beginning of the public ministry 

of Cbriet.— iTiiinim«r. John begina Uie Qoapel where HoMa b^|sa the Law. — Abtott. The refio- 

«oee lo tha opening words ofOeaeaia lastriUng when we remember that the Hebrew title of that 

■nrfinKBUlvTMDDcnojiiv menrDDBiomauooMD Bix Hortbr, na pig< le. 


Tbibd Qitabtbb, 

and tlie Word was *witli God, and 'the 
Word wu Gad. 

2 The Bome was in the benoiuDg with 

8 All things were made b; him; and 
without liim waa not an; thiog made tliat 
was mode. 

, and the Word waa with God, and 

9 the Word waa God. The same was 

8 in the beginning with God. All 
, things were made ' by him ; and irith- 
out him * was not an; tliiag made that 


Book of OoDods wis Jltr^iAiiJn" la Uie I 
point M tho btffinning, and the Word uoi, i 
r&ul cnlli ChriiC (Col. 1. 16) " the flrat-bor 
" bogotton tnroro nil creation." Comp. Qcb. 
IT. E ; Pniv, 8. S8 i 1 John 1. 1 ; Kov. 8. U 
maoifiBta lUelf in theapolcen trord, >o tha mi 
na tho Eternal Woid. Lator, in vomsa 14 a 

3ginDiag").—lVatkiiii. Wa^-Fii an; assicnabis 
ad Etill wu. Tho Word ii BbMlutelf otenud. St. 
L of HTBry creatn™," or (more accnralely tranalatoU) 
1. B; T. «; Uov. I. 3.~/(unuiur. See Joba 8, SS; 
Pbil. S. S, 6. Tha Word— Ab the hnman mind 
nifntatiun of Ibu Eternal Mind is described by John 
Ilia Word, hj which Ood manireats hii own 

Mddan uid unknowablD nature, is identified bj John aa the Mesaiah. The propriety and beauty 
of both terms, 'Wewd and Baa, todwifniate that Id Gk>d by viiich his ahaoluto ceaeaceia levoalod 
in tbo anivoTse, are aneh that we might auppoae them orlginntod by the mind of the eTaoKeliat 
Iiimaelf, nnder the gtiidanee of Inapimtioo. Bnt we know, hiatorically, that the term Word ■• 
aaod In a aomewhat eimllar aense in tho Old Testament, In the Tarsums, in the Jewish apooiyphat 
writings, by tho Greeli philoaophor Plato, and by Uutt Qrsekish Jew Philo. — Wiktdim. And th» 
"Word was Odd — Was tmljr and eeseotiaUy divine. Kot merely godlike or " divine " in that 
looeo sense in which great men and their groat thougbta and deude are sometimes apoksn oL 
Hoitbar, In the opponle extreme, does the phrase mean that the Word was tlu Ood — the onlj 
Ood ; Tin <)0D in the exolouve sonas which should comprise within himself all there in of Ood. 
That would nnllify what John has just said, " was tntk Ood," for it wonld render auch a fact 
impoaalble. Nor can we translate — the Word was a God — for this would Imply an abaolntsly dis- 
tloct being — another God — a statement revolting to the whole current of Scripture, both of th« Old 
Toatameut and the Kew.— £Wte. 

3. The saaae was in the be^nminc wIUl Ood — An nn&tbomable myataiy. John 
here latran to expreas two oonflioting and apparently eontndlOary ideoa, the identity of the 
Word with Ood and the Individuality of the Word, as diaUoet from the InBnite and invisible 
deity. This oontradictioD subsequent theology haa endeavored in vain to eUiiiinata by drawiuf 
diaUnetions between essence and substance, persou and tieing, etc., in aouh phraseologies aa 
" three in aubatanoe and one in casenoe," or " three pertona in one God." — Abbott, Some such 
fiirmalatloDB are needM for the student, who finds the doctrine of the Trinity rcpDalsdly im[d led ta 
the holy Scriptnte; but the troth remains that knowledge ofthe divine nature is too wondarful tor 
ns— wo eannot >tt^ to it. The Father Is God ; tbe Son Is God ; tha Holy Spirit is God ; Ood ia 
one. If you aak me to reconcile theee fbur propoutiona, 1 sniwer, I oannot, We reqoira no one 
to Tceonclle the personality of each with tho unity of God. — Chalmen. 1 oonld wish bO aaob extra 
BCiiptoral phraoM, aa "three peraona" hypostssea, eto., to be buried In oblivion, provided only 
this truth were universally received, that the Father, the Bon, and the Holy Spirit an the one 
Ood ; and that, nevertholera, tho Son la nut tho Father, nor tlie Spirit the Son, but that they are 
distingoished iVom each other by some peculiar properties. — Caleia. 

Oa<*a Ion Isu eterwalu Ma power. " Keftber knowa mMsnre nor eniL" TboB UrM two vvnn 
of tin Goapel of Lore mske plsln tbst the love at ttie Fatlier for ns Is beyond DKuoie. Oar gratl- 

lude tor the love at our Saviour should w 

le Irom ns Che eternal lo 

I of Ood. 

8. Wldiaat him waa not any thing made — Simply an emphsIJo and eihanstlve raltera- 
tlen, auch sa ia not inft«quen( in furvid writing. The general tooching of the New Tsatamsnt 
represents Christ, both In hie earthly life snd in his heavenly adminlstnition, as alwaya tho ueeutor 
of bis Father's will. This Is capccially prominent in John's gospel (nee for example, John S. tl. 
Si, 23; e. 87, M,GT; 8. S8, 43; 10.39; 14.10; 17.18, 34); but it is equally dearly Innght ebe- 
where. I.DkoS.49i iCor. It. sr, »; Phil. a. i ; Col. 1. U ; KaA 10. 40, •to.-AMoM. 


4 Id him wu life ; luid the Ufa wu the 
light of men. 

5 Asd 'the lisht •hineth in dark- 
ness; and the dartaeBB comprehended it 

4 bath been mode. In him iras life; 

and the life vtw the light of men. 
B And the light ehinetb in the darie- 

ness; and the darkneaa* apprehended 


4. In him w«* Ute — Two of tbe oldeot ouinuBisriplB tutve, " In him it lifo," vliicli !■ ■ 
prolvhle nading. la Ood *' there ii nn du-knen M oil." In ereiy man there am mys of 
light, iDongsr or feebler, in gnaim or leu du-kneaa. There U a poirer to mm the light, and 
opaa hti loul to it, and ths more he hia it atlll to crave for more. Thia going forth of the 
tool to Qod is tbe seeking Ibr life. The Word la the going forth of Qod to the >oaI, He ia Lin. 
— Wattint. He is tba great and aole life-giver — tho inflnlta foout^n of life. But John's 
Uuiiight ia ipaciallj npon moral, epiritnal life; for he prooseda to aaj, this lile brings ligit to 
men — not sunlight to the 070 of (ha bod]', but the light of Qod to human aouLi, that %ht 
which terminates in aalvation aa its end. IIo vha flrst gavo physical ailatonce to all that is — 
Tillable or animal — adiuicea to tho onalogoua ;et nobler (Imction of breathing life into Kiiila 
dMd hi moral ruin.— CWi^ The lift was the light of man— Binca C'hrii>t ia LiFo imd Light, 
Wf religion which dwarfe men, reprcasea their life, belittloa them, and any which rhnli thsm np 
In darkneaa and denies them intcUoctual fVeedom and progieaa in nay ilirccUon, b bo far Bnti- 
chrut. The cause of ChriBt baa nothing to fear fhun intellactoal life or any light of ■clentlAa 
dJacoTery. — Aibttl. 

TkmM Tsrae* an all •vtaeMlj' iWMtlnl, and ibonld be stiouttr Impmsed on tbe mind ol 
ararr scholar. CbilsthOod; be la our Maker, and baatbemoit Intimate Interat Inourwailue; 
oar pb jslcal, IntellealDBl, and splrtlnal Jile laall dependent on blm ; be Is our Ligbt In Um tullest 
■enaa. Bee IixeanATlOKa eutlUed " TM Works of Cbrlat Attest bla DIvlnltf." 

5. The llsht ihliioth— Now, B« of old, the I,ighC«faiDea — in reoMtn, in creation, in eonaoicnco, 
—tnd ahinea in v^D. — Ftwwrur. Darknsaa — Spiritual iiitd iiioral dnrkneaa. Tba use of tills 
{diraae In a metaphorical scnae, is peculiar to JoIid 8. 12; 12. 35, M; 1 John 1. S 1 3. 8, 9, 11. — 
CoBitriJff4 BiiU. OomprehendBd It not — Aa material light might Im suppoiuMi to labor to 
|dereo into the dense darkucaa (for example, of a London Ibg), but meet only repulsion, so this 
pncions Light fh>m heaven poured Itself furtli upon tho darkness o( bcnighled souls the world oicr, 
bat alas 1 thia darkness would not admit its heavenly rays. — Catnltt. 

MmvI JarkBaaa eaofnbaaAi D«l tbe Ll«bl sf Ool. Tnta are tbaaa words, of paCrtarcb. law- 
glTtr, pmphal, aa thaj followed tbe tolee which called, or reaalTeJ uod'a law for men, or told forth 
tba WDid which came (o tbem from him ; true ara they of every poet, thiuker, stotesoiaa, wbo 
hoi RToaped aome blRbei truth, or dioaed nime lurking doubt, or (aught a notion nobis deeds ; 
true are they ol svery evangelist, martyr, pbltanthroplit, who bos carried the Ugbt of the Oospel 
to tbe bnrt of men, who baa In Ills or death witnessed (o l(a truth, wlui baa shown Its power 
In deeds of inert? ai>d of love; true are they of the humblest Christian wbo seeks to walk 
tn the Ugbt, and from ttie sldc-cliamber of tbe lowliest boms may be leltlng a light shine bafore 
man which leadaUiem to glortfy lite Father whlcb Is In beaTen.- Pliunmer. »ee tu,DaTLiTio» 
eolllled " Ugbt la not Always Weioomed." Apply practically : Does vour luari receive Ute LIgbt 

The llflil ia «v*r AinlDC, "ofltlmea, bideed, colored as It panes Ihrongta tbe dUTsrliig minds of 
dUfersnt men, and meeting macros cheipacethatseparatcscontlaents, and tbe tims thai aeparolea 
agco. In widely varying hues ; tmt these ahadea paaa into each other, and In tbe bannoDy of all la 
ttie pore ili^ of truth." 

Mea are reqponiiMefbrMMlrrtJectlon or 4I>I>* Light. While In the material worid light natu- 
rally penetrates sad scattert darkness, and we ncier think of dartneai as making Inlentlonsl 
or even natural oppoaltlon, U Is entlrelyatnerwlie In tbe spiritual world. For here the very mis- 
chief, tbe real vims, of darkness Is lis moral repugnance to heaven's Light; tbe alanntnR aod 
guilty fad bebig that men love darkneas rather tbon lUtht, and tbenton do not make light wet. 
come— not even this glorious Ught from heaven, emanating from " the Patber of lights," tbe very 
Ood ot love.- Co<el€». 


Tbibd QDABm. 

6 Hiera * was a man aent from God, 
whose name imi Jobn. 

7 Tlie aame came for a witness, to bear 
witnew of the Light, that all men tlirough 
him might believe. 

8 He * waa not that Light, but teat lent 
to bear witness of that Li^t. 

8 That 'was the true XJght, which 
lighteth everj man that cometh into the 

10 He waa In the world, and 'tbe 
world was made by him, and the world 
knew him not. 

7 God, whose name wm John. The 
same came for witness, that he might 
bear witnesa of tbe lif^ht, tbat all 

8 might believe through liun. He was 
not the light, but eamt tbat he might 

9 bear witness of the lizhL * There 
was the true light, even tnt light yrUictx 
lightcth 'erery man, coming into the 

10 world. He was in the worlJ, and 
the world was made 'by him, and 


6. Thtm was a mam— Rather, thsr* otdm s nun, in aontnut to th« " wm" in Tana 1. 
Sent from Ood— Comp. "I will lend mj mumtager," Hal. I. li "I wUlund yon Elijah Um 
prophet." MaL 4. B. From the Greek for "send," opoHiUo, oouiea our word "apoetle."— /Tibb- 
«Mr. Wliosa name was John— The other three gvangsliaM oaraTull; dliilinguubBd the BaptM 
fhini the ton of Zebedee ; to the writtir of tha fourth piepel there u onlf one John. This In iteelf 
i* BtroDg Incidental evidenoe that he hunself ii the otliar John.— Ifafiiiu. 

7. Oama for a wttnata— Better, for tmiduM / that Is, to bear witncae, nol to be a wttncas. 
The vord "witDwa" and "to beer witneta" are Tery fraqoent in St. John's iriitinf(s funforta- 
nately sometlraea transIUed "reeord," "teatimony," etc]. Tsstimonrlo the truth b one of his 
bvorile thought!. — Phtmnttr. Be vai not a mere preuoher of the law, nor of the dutj of rapent- 
■nce, though this i* tlie phase of his ministry most prominent in the nporta of Mstthsir(>. 1-11}, 
and Luke (S. 1-1 S). He wsa a forerunner of the greet King, aent to boar witneas of hia approeco. 
And this phaaa of hie ministi?, though Indioatcd in the other goapela (Uatt. S. 11 ; IJ. 9; M»rk 
l.T,Si Lukes. IB, IT), is moetotenrly brought out in John. Vem. SS, a»-86.— XMoM. Jolin, iha 
Isatof the prophets, was the only living poraonal mliutt to the living and personal Light. Tbe 
term laight here becomea personal, and ie rightly bc^n with a oapital letter. — Whtdim. 

8. Hot that Lli^t— Belter, not M« Light The Bapliit orea not the Light, but " the Ismp 
that IS lighted and ahhieth." At the oloaa of the flnt eentarj It was stilt neoB«sry fbr St. John 
to insiat on thia. At Ephesoa, where thia goepel was writlen, 6t. Paul in his third tniauonBi7 
Journey had found diaeiples itill neting in " John's baptiani." Aeta 19. 1-6. CoaAridgt JUiU. 

ChrMahaaUbalkeleaAer'BceBtral tliBBW. 8ss iLiusTsaTiosS. 

0. Thatwas,eto, — This verse Is smblguons in the Greek. It might be better to trsnslste it — 
TJu trvt Hf/U, which UffhUik n*rg nKfn, vai amiiiginto th*tterld% eit, ThtrtvaithtiiTMliiglit 
lehich Ufhttlh ttirf/ man bn eemiiiff into tin vortd, '■ Wsa" ia cmphatio; "there the true Light 
txu," even while men wen mletaklDg the lamp for the Light. — WatUiu, The word for "true" 
Is remarkable ; It seems true an oppnwd to " gpurioua," not true as opposed to " lying." Kwr 
man — God deals with men sa individuate, not in niuaea. 

10. Note that the world has not the same meaning in vsises t and 10. Thttmghaat the 
New Testament it Is most important to dinUnguish the vaiioua meanings of" the world." It means 
<1)" lbs universe;" Rom. I. eO; <2] "the earth;" 9. B; Uatt.l. S; (S) " tha inhabitants of the 
earth;" ver.Sff, 4.11; (4) "thoae outaldo the Churoh," alionatod from Co.] ; 11. 81; 1 4. IT, and 
ftaquentl}-. In this veise the meaning pnneit from " the earth " to " those outside the Cliurch." — 
JtiMUiur. Knew him not— Did not recognize him. Comp. Acta 19. 15. All this refers U> ths 
jneasnoe of Che Word in the world before the advent. Note how the writer am pllfles his subject, 
reiterates and re-arrang« hi* pointa, to eiproea hlii amazement at tlio strsnge repulsion wMoli this 
Ught from heaven reoeived. He actually came down into tbis very world in panwn : Indeed ths 
materlnl world wss his own oreation, and moreover be gave sll living men their very being ; snd 




J(n.T 5, IB91. 

thorn gsve 
of Ood,M 

11 He *ckine onto hi* own, Uid hU 
own receiTed U in not. 

IS But "as man; m receiTed him, to 

nve he 'power to becoms the sons 

a to them that believe on lii« 

13 Which were born, not of blood, nor 
of the will of tlie flesh, nor of the will of 
nun, " but of God. 

H AiMl"the Word^wasmade^flesh, 
and dwelt aoioag us, (and we "belictd 

\ j.t i.'i •"j'fk'yi.— ffifiS'i. ( 

11 the world knew him not. He oime 
unto ' liis own, and the; that wera 

12 bis own received him not. But aa 
many as received him, to tliem gave 
he the riglit to become children of 
Qod, «Mn to them tliat believe on his 

IS name; which were 'bom, not of 
'blood, nor of tlie will of the fle-ih, 
nor of the will of man, but of 

14 God. And the Word became flesh, 
and " dwelt among ns (and we behflcl 

yatthew) muuli, mada intallij^nt by htiovn gift, would not know him I He oome uolo apua|il* 
■pMi>lljwlected^MbelbiBk)bebiiowii,uideTontJicydidnot(*iianMian)roce!valiiin.— CbwlM. 

11. Heouno, w disti Dot from the "vu" ef tho pnivious vsne, poHci on to tlie liistorio 
advent. — EUieott, TTnto bla ow^i — This ward is in ths pland neuter, sad Bij^nifioH own thing*, 
poaroaiona, or propflrtleB. The Hoond " own " i> in the jilunl niHOulioe, sod BignifleB hi« own 
living lieiugi; that is, men. Ai tho landlord oomaa to his ovDutntei, but his ownlanuQbi recvivo 
him not, ua the Loso" came to liii otd world of things, nod bi« own world oranslunm, men, did 
not reoeiva him. — Whtdoa, The darkuM* oomprehemied not ) the world knew not ; hia own re- 
eoivad not. — WaHciiit, 

IS. Bat — There ware happj eioeptionH. — Wktdon. Aj many M raoaivad him — Bnli-stion 
is oonditioned on hnnun will. To them gsve he power— Not oapabilit;, nor privilege, nor 
ehum, hat power and right ; thaariginslwordcombinnthotwo Ideas. Heconfcn tlia powir to ba- 
coma tba ons of God, ondcoDfon the right to alaim that prlTilogo.—ilAiott. Thia reiM dace not 
mean that Cliriitoaiiferii on those who roceiTfl him aapiritoal and moral nlran^h, b; wliich thaj 
ooavart tbmnaelvea, change their own heurta, and nuke themnlvaa God's child rpn.--£^i<. 'Co 
baoomethasonsofOod— Sooa and tliorefore (1) partakers of the divine Buturo (Epii. 4. 13; 
Uab. IS. 10 ; a Fee 1. i) ; (S) entitled to and wulkiny in freodom aa children, not in bondif[a as 
sarvantH (chap. IB. 15; GuL i. 1-T); (S) hairs of God and Jcdut-hein with Christ, hia only ba- 
Knllan Son. Rom. 8. IS, ir. But the t\il1 conception of the moaning nf this soiiililp wa csniiot 
knnw, till in the other world ws see tho Father ss he ia, 1 John S. I , S. —Abboa. Ztveii to them 
tlut baliara on his name— Hia naiiia is JiEsns, thst is, Saviour, si van to him bcc ium ho i>svas 
his peopls from tlielr sins. MatL I. SI, To have faith In that pama is to hsva fuith in lilm is a 
persoDul SbtIout from sin. Observe, then, that tliia rerae oompriies tho whole Om pel in a seo- 
tenoa. It daolaras (1) t\t o^id u( the Goapel— that we who are by nature tlia obildien of dinu- 
bedienoe and of wrath (Eph. 1. S, S) may beooma the sons of God; (2) tUiooret to which wo are 
to look for this prerogative of sonship — power coofurrcd by God ; (I) (A« ntaiu by which we are 
to Bttaln it — petsonai faith in a penonal Bsvlour fhim sin. Obwirva, too, tlist John follows hix 
daacription of Che rejactlon of Christ, not by threatening pnniahment to thsm, but bj depiotiuK 
the inSniUgsin of Uiose that accept Christ. — Abbott. 

13. Wikloh ware bom (tlist is, becHUie soiu of God), not of blood (not by llnanl dasosnt 
finm Abraham, ssthe Jews of tlist day sssomad) ; not of (the Impubwa of) the flesh, kb all human 
births; not of any merely hnnMn willlnRS or aetlon, but of God by virtue of lila grace aloao. 
The Bonebipof believers is sll of OimL As msny as reoeive Ciirist, Qod receives into sonslilp— 
brethren of Christ. — Oiwla. 

M chaac* 4 ky Ike iylrU af O 

• Bee ItxcnaAiiDro. 


IA Andtha Vord was mada fleah— Or, ft«anu flesh. The msjestlo rullnees of Ibis limf 
santenee, which afflnns once fir alt Iha anion of the Inflnito and the Buita, Is abacJateiy unique. 
— Caitrirfys BUii. I>walt »"'""g iia — LiCundly, tabviuuUd unoDg; dwelt as In a lent. The 


Joiiir 1. 1-18. 

TuiRD Qdabtbb, 

his glory, tho (,'lory as of tlie only begot- 
ten of tUe Father,) full " of grace and 

15 Jolm bare 'witoesa of him, and 
cried, Baying, This whs ha of whom 1 
■pake, He that eometli after uie ia pre- 
ferred before nic; for "he was before 

10 And of hia " fullness have all we 
received, aod proco for grace. 

his glory, glory m of " the only be* 
gotten from tho Father), fall of grace 

16 and truth. JiAn benreth witness of 
him, and crieth, saying, "ThU was 
he of whom I said, He that coraeth 
after me is become befor^ me : for he 

18 was " before me. For of his fulloHi 
we all received, and grace for grace. 

tiibemuclo bud been tho senl of the divine Prowace in tfas wilderness. Wbon Oixl bemiiio incar- 
nate it) order to dwelt iimons the uboun people " to tnbenucle " wu a niitural word to u>mi.— 
Ftummer. His kIott— The Shekineb. Comp. S. 11 ; 11, «) ; 13.41; IT. 6, SI; S C^ir. S. T-18; 
Bev. 21. 11. Here U probably a apeual reference to tlie Tramfigumtion (Lake 9. S9 ; S I'et. 
1. IT) ; uDtt poulbly to the Tiidon at the beginning of the Apocatjpoe. In any em It ie tlie 
evnngellnl'a own esperieneo that is indicated. Omit "the" before tbe aeeond " |[!oiy."— 
W'altint. Interpreting to la tho moral alfrnlfioauce of this word "(clory," ho kh», fnll of 
grace and truth— " graco " in the sense of hindneiiB,love, fiivor; and " truth," coniprehenalvdy 
put for the reTclntions Jie wu evermore making of God and human duty. — Coala. Am of— Exactly 
liko. The only beROtten— The ba.t beloved. Of tbo Pathop— Lileimllj, /ram lAtpratna o/ 
a Falker ; an ouly Sou nent on n miunon from o Father. Comp, »er. e.—J^wnmrr. 
To meet oar ca*fl Cbrlit look npoD him (be form of ■ ■bttobI. Sm ILLUFT&ITIONS. 

IS. Bare wltnooa . . . and cried — Battrr, tiari uiduw and eritt. At the end of a long 
lifo this testimony of the Baptist abides atill fresh in the heart of the aged apostle. Thrco timoa m 
twenty remee (15, 2T, SO} he reconla the ory whiohwoa such an epoch in hlaown life. — Plammtr, 
He that Oometh after me — The exact meaning seems to be — " He who is coming ^tsr me " (in 
hli ministry as in his birth) has btioome superior to me, fbr he wa* in eiislenoc from all eter- 
nity before mc — Can^indgt BHU, Clirist did not begin his pnblic mlniiitry tilt the iniprixonnient 
of John the Baptist. Mark 1. II. Thua as a public tcoolier he came after John the Baptist. — 
AlAoU. The Baptist, lost of tbe Old Testomanc prophets, and on tho authority of Jcaus bimiulf 
(Uatt. 11. 10, 11) greatest among them all, must be supposed to hare understood the pre-ciistenee 
of the expected MeiMah not iea» clearly than Isaiah (B. I and 40. S) and Daniel (T, 18) and 
Ualachi (S, 1). Koto also the prophelio viow of his father Zscharias (Lake 1. 16, IT, Tti), who 
luanifUlly saw thnt Jolin was to bu tlia harbin)(er of the Hoaslah foretold by loaiah and Halacbi. 
— Cowla. Is preferred before me—" Uy suco><asar is my predeei-Bsor." — IltngattrUierg. The 
mere fact of ChriHt'H pm-oxlBtenOA would be no raisou for esteemini; him more highly than Job — 
the devil existed bcfurc John the Baptist ; nor was preferred l>efore me in the aeoso nf, was ci- 
niccd in rank above mo ; but came fortli, or, was set before me. The reference t>i lo the prirvioaa 
manifestation of the Word, in the partial revslations of God in the Old TesCamenl. Alllhedis- 
cloaarea of the divine nature In the Old TosIomeDt were made through the Word or uttaraRGa of 
Qod, through whom alone he speaks lo the human laea.—AiboU. 

IS. And— Rccau<c. Tho testimony of the Baptist to the incomnte Word is confirmed by 
the experience of all Itcliuvent. Tho avaDgeliHt anJ not the Baptist speaks here. Of hla ftall- 
neas — Menna litcnilly, "out of hi.i fa11iies.i, " as I'roin an inexhaustible store. — CtniJiridgt 
BibU. And ffraoe for Kraoe— Of this ciprossion tliero are two interpretations. The encicnt 
expoiitoia understood it lo moan, "For the lessor grn™ of the Old Testomentwe have reoeivod the 
greater grace of the New Tehtanienl," The modern commentstors, A'/ord, Miytr, Zanft, eta., un- 
deralood it to mean, "For ouch new aoctwuory of gmco we, reoeivod a still larger gift. Each gnoc, 
though, when gvien, large enougli, is, as it Were, oveiwhelmcil by the BecumutaUan and ftiUnesS 

Mow free Uwaupplj ; wa ban at! ncdveJ. " Nooe went empty airay."—3f«twr. 


17 For the " law was given t^ Mo'aea, 
**but grace uid "truth oame b v Je'siu 

IB No "man hfith seen God &t an; 
time; the " only begntteii Son, which is 
in ** the bosom of the Father, he hatli 
declared Awn. 

3 Christ. Ko maa hath seen Ood at 
an; time; "the on 1; begotten 

TlMBM«raarcbrMUa«i|Mrl«Ms. It li not ■ 

tbapatf ; It la klao a permul and eonUnaons reoelTlnB o( dlrlna lUs tr 

Baaoch R>r ■■!, enoagh tor aBch, eaoaffh tor erermoK. OtHTuatom compare! Chrlft to a tr« 

tmn wUcl] Ma CliounDd lampa an Undled, but wblch bunu u biigbtJT ibereallar u before. 

" The m Is dlmlQlgbed II jou take a drop trom It, tbouffb tbe dlmlnulIOD be Imperceptible ; bat 

howmueli BoeTBramaa drawilrom tbedlvliie FoudMId, ItoonllDueaaQdimlalabed." 

17. Vor — BscauH. Qiviof; the ground of the Rtatement thnt Christians ntcolvcd new and 
richor gina of gru» ; the groand being tbnt the ]aw of Mown «» a limited aiid nirroir enact- 
tDont, while Jesus Christ imparted th« fullness of grace aad Uiltli whioh ns in him. Tor. U ; 
eocnp. Eom. 4. 15 ; 10. 1; Gal. S. 10. — FinviU. The mentioD of " Kraoa" nminds the Evangel- 
ist that this WIS the chanotoristia of the Oospel, snd msrkod !ta supcrioiit; to tha law ; for the 
law could onlj condenkQ buasgrossoia, graoe forgives them. — Pfumnwr, Tlie law was given 
br Moaaa— The law is the eipreesioD of absolute justice, which in Itself knows not grace nor 
maie]'. This wsa given from Ood to men by Moaea ; but if there were nobody better than 
Xows we ehoDld have had nothing but law slane. There would hare been nograoe to bring 
aalvstioa ttoia its pensU;, consequent truth to revesl the grace. Theae came, evoQ into Iho Uld 
Testament dispensation, by Jaaus ChrisL All the miitura of grace with Uw in the Uld Tettit- 
mont is fVom Christ. -~ Wlitdon. Game—Note the chnngc from " wes given." The grace a:id 
truth which cams through Christ wem his own ; the law given through Hoaea was not his own. 
Teana Ohrlat— St. John no longer speaks of the Word; the Word has beoome incarnate (vcr. 14), 
and is sjiokcn of henoefarth by the namea which he has homo in hLitory. — Jiummtr. 

18. Ho nun hath aeen Ood—Not merely no man ; no on*— man, angel, archangel. The 
phraas here "seen Ood" is cqulvslsnt to the phrase knowing God perfaotly, in Matt. 11. 9T. We 
know him bnt in part, Ehall see him only whan we awake In his likeoesa (Paa. IT. 15) ; Christ seca 
hlmbeeaoeeha is one with hXai.—AbbaU. At any time— Better, <c<r ytl; "no one holh ever 
jet seen Ood ; " but eoma shall sea him horesfler. — Piiamiur: The only begotten Bon — The 
qiuetioD of reading hero la very interaHting. Bui the three oldest and best nuiDUacripts, and two 
othan of great value, have " onl/'begottee Qod." Thb very unusual eiprcsaion is probably the 
true roadiag, and hia been changed to Hie nsosl " ooly begotten S'ln," a change which in an old 
Oroek msnuacript would Involve the alteration of only a alnglc letlor. — CkmAridgi BibU. Satta 
deolarad — Acted as hia interpraCer. Comp. ohap. S. Hi ; 14. S, 8, 10 ; I Tim. S. IS ; Ilcb. 1. t. 
Not merely by what he teaches concerning the divine nature, but yet mora by his pciwinal niaoi- 
foatotion of the divine nature in hia own life and character. — Abbolt. Ha hath laid oul.— 'Witl^. 
*' Wbo hath scon him that he might tell us ! " Ecclus. U. SI. The answer to every such quce^ 
tion, dimly thought or clearly aaked, la that no man hatli ever so known Ood as to be I, in inter- 
preter; that the human conception of Ood as " terrible" and "great" and " marvelous" (Eoclua. 
it. SO) ia not tlmt of liis esaentlol character ; that the true conoepUon is that of the loving Fnlhcr 
in whose bosom is the only Son, and ^t tlila Son la Iho only true Word uttering to man the 
will and character and behig of Ood.— Watkiut, 


The w«rkB orchriat atteat hladlvlBltr* Ter. 3. Francis Junius, whom nt his death 
Bcalignla said the whole world lamented sa its Instmotor, wsa tecovenid (Vom sthoism by siinply 
paraslng John 1. 1-S. Pennaded by hia bther to read the Kew Teatament, "At first siK'it." 
he aaya, " I (all unexpectedly on that aoitust chapter. 1 wsa so struck with what I read that 1 


Jobs 1. 1-18, LESSON L Thikd Qcastxr. 

iluuuitly peneivsd ths dlvinitj of tlis fD^on uuS. the ■uthorit; and m^anty of tha Bviptara to 
Mupanall hunum eloqaencc." — l\mbuU. 

Croation IB bui tlie ralief of Chrial'i JbllnoH. When tma bknaMn than la not a dusla bnaat- 
pin, but a whole bosom full of jranu ; and at loavea thsjr hava ao msiif suits that Ihaj oan throw 
them awij to the winda all BUmmer long. What DDiiumband oathedrala has he rmad in tho 
forost ahades, ftill of oarious carving and haunted bj tTemuloia musio, while the etui Hem to 
have flnwD out of M> hand faatcr than tlie ipurlu out of n mighty fbfge. — Seieker, 

Light la not alwaya wfll«9Med> T«r> 9. — A. colonial governor of the Baluraaa who 
was about to return to England ofibred to promis fVom the faonw govenimcnt nny faTor ths 
uativca deaired, The reply wai an ibiilling ai the reqneitfoTtho head of John the Bnptot: "TcU 
them lo Uar di/%fn tlu ligU-imaa ; they are raioing tha pro«p«iity of the colony." The peopl* 
were wrocken. — Chimk. 

W hen tlie Baatlle was ubont to be deitrojed a pilaonar wa* brought ent who had been long 
lying In one of ita gloomy eelli. !»«>"«■< of joyfully welcoming the liberty wlilch hii'l betn 
granted hhn he entreated that he might be taken t>ack to hia dungeon. It was bo long ainca be 
liad aoen the light that be preftrred the captivity and darkneaa of tha priaon to the llglit of Uie 
■un. — DiMlon. 

Ijght is good, but aore eyea don't Ilka it. — ^mrgion. 

Chrlat iheDld he the tescher*! caatiml theme. Ten. 8, T, B.— A Spanish artnt 
was employed to depict the " Last Supper." It wu his object to throw tlie Bublimlty of hir art 
Into the ootmteminee of his Master; but he put on tlio table in the fonOTOuiid some chaaed mps 
of e:iquieite workmanship, and when his Aiends viewed the picture on the eaiwl evi>rj odd mid, 
" What IwantUUlcupal" "Ah," sudhe, " I have made » mistake ; theaa aapa dittri lit eya b/ 
thi tp*elalOT frvm ik* 3fatt*r, on whom I wished to Ax the anUre attention of the obHrvor," and 
lie took his brush and rubbed them Ih>m the canvas. 

When a lad was asked in Sabbath-tdiool to repeat what he had learned in the week lie said- 
"Sif, »t wyuld mi Jtttu." The teacher was oonadeneo-smilten. He remembered he had given 
exaellent leesons on the creation, the Dill, tlie cKodus, etc., but had said little about Chriit. So 
Instead of giving the lesson he had prepared he talked to the lads earnestly upon this roqumt, an J 
aareral were oonvertad that afternoon. 

OBrUBlnrea miut be ehaBgoA br Iha Spirit of God. Ter. 13.— A man may work 
bran to great beauty, but no artlAoer can work it into gold. To oliange the nature u the work of 
omnipotence. — OteiL 

To hew a block of marble and carve it into astatne,to change a waste wildemm into a^^rdcu 
cfflowera, to melt o lump of iron-atone and fbrgeitlnto watch-springs, aro buttlio Bums thing in a 
new shape, but we need the grafting tn of that which we bad not befnro.— ^yft 

A countryman bronght bis gun to the gunsmith for rapun. Tlio Utlsr said, " Your gun is 
in a ruinous oonditlon ; what do yon want for it) " " Well," said the other, "I santa new i4ocki 
look, andborrel." " Why," said the smith, "belter have anew gun nllojiedier." "Ah," was the 
reply, "that's Just what I do want." This is just tha repairing man'a naturn tcqoires. — fjBHfyMa. 

To me«t our cKae Christ took spon klm the form of a. serTKBt. Ver. 14.— A 
miatlonary went to the West Indiea to preach lothe alaves. Ha found their slavery so bitter, and 
tiirir prejudica agidnst white men ao intcoae, that he oould not gain a hearing. 6o he sold hiin- 
aalt to their master, workeil and nnflerod in the gang with them, and tauglit thcoi as lie tmled. By 
bowing to Ibelr condition and bearing their bondage he won their sympathy. It is only a bint 
e[diouuof what Christ did.— &«Aw 


From the M<m(a of war and blood In Old Tntament history wo peas ovar nearly asren ecnt- 
tirin to St. John in Bpheaiu. Present a pietnre of the laal of tlia ajvietlea in old age, sor- 
rounded by tha churchn of Aals Minor, and awaiting tho hour when once uioro he shall rat his 
bead apon his Uaaler'n bwom. 

QiveabriofacoouDt oftheOiMpelaooOTdliig toBt. John. LaleatgivcnoftlicgoapaUi, and 
parhapa the "Isat word" of the whole Bible; written not for Jaws, nur Greek.'', nurBomana, bat 
for CJruttoiu, the new man developod under the Oeapel. 


July 6, 1891. LESSON I. Johw 1. 1-18. 

Tb« themaoTJolui'iigCMpal u pra>erttod io tlili iutroduiitioa. ItiiUM Ood^iuii ; CliriU at 
«tiai 111* AiUnoa of Ood aod tlie fuUnciw of mut. 

Z. The Word pi»«xUMn(. Ven. I-B. In thsH opening vanw ve tad the Ditufs and 
tnita of Cfarut before hia coming to wrth. With lu Ufa bogiiu at birth, but hon is a life thut 
aiiEtsd before it ww born. 

1. J diriiM Aitv- Ter- 1- " Tbe Word was God." Jolin maluit Mie ubnindinE dolm 
Uuthewbo wwbomin Bethlahem and CTUciBed on Calreij wm tho maniraaLUiaiiof God. 

S. An tttmal Btmg. Vera. 1, !. Ilia not stated that "ho vas etmted" or "hs bejptn to 
ba^" but it woi *» fi< if^iiifif. 

8. ^ dmiglltg Bilng. Ver. ). Bf hia powet all tliicip wen nude, •• Paul tails na in hia 
•piatlea. 6« Eph. 8. 9 ; Col 1. 16 ; Hab. 1. a. 

4. ApmmuU Aing. Vei. 4t. Soma niay mppcaa that "the Word" here leforrod to ia a 
rrinoipteorafiTceiniuture. But no, John ia careful to tall oi that thla Word had iift i iiiU i*, 
waa and iaa liriog pononalitj. 

G. An enlightming Aing. Tan. 6, 9. Thia Bainc did not dwell alotu, apart fhnn hia 
worlu. Be entered into relatioa vith mea, enlightening ererj aonl and beatowing bleaaiiiga. 
U. The Wofd '"'«B*"nW Thia ia the Ibeme ot (he leaion fiom verao 10 to Tene VS. God 

1. /A) BOS in Uu tporld. Ver. la Oraoloaa fltot I He nho made the world did not leitTS 
It to work out lla own dealJnf , but oune, all unknown, into hia world. 

a. BtcamttohiiinmpiBplt. Ver. U. He eliaaaout of nil the natloDa of the world the one 
which was boat adapted by raaiai trdla for hia purpoae ; lie trained it thiouih twenty centurlea of 
diadpline, and then he came through that people to the world. There wu no other land *ave 
Palcs^ne in which Chriit could have come. 

5. J9i) ranw tn /nimanjliih. Ver. 11. He did not blaae upon men with hia divine glory, 
DOT did he oome In the form of an angeL He came aa a man, with our lilieiicaa, and in our 

4. S* conu mmdiag kit glory. Tar. 11. While the bri([hlar glorj of Chilat waa veiled, yet 
be manltetad hia divinity in hia worlm, in hia word«, and In hia aharaoter. 


1. TO SPBdAIiSnBJXOTS.-" The Word: A Name fur Heaaiah," Oum, Tin Uf* 
ami Ward* iff Cliritt, I, TS. "Tbo Incarnation Idea Foreign to the Jewiali Hind," Gueik, 
E, 101. "The Voice in the Wtidemesa," Gxiiii, i, SGT-S6S. "John'a TcaUmony to Jeana," 
AxDtMWh, Tlu Hfi of Out Lord,\U,\^ " Son of Uod : The Tann How Uaad," Axdbiws, 
eOS-606. "lloeeaaod Ilia Time," SohUbsb, /xn'tA Aoplf tn fA« Titaa a/ C?irw(, ili, 149. "The 
Sqitnagint," SoHtluK, iii, ise-ies. " The raraon of thrift," Db. ^akrr, nutorgof ChrittUm 
Dottrvu, i, S63. " The God Man," L. T. Towxbikd, Crtdo. "Tlio First Prinuiplea of the 
Doctrine of Cbrbt," TA< Expuiiior, Third Scriea, viii, 433. " Tbe Incnmation of the Eternal 
Word, Zto£qw«aor, Third Serloa.iii.iei. "CharaoloriaUea of thoFonr Qoapsi-," Lahoi, L\f* 
^CMtC, i, 848-286. BiAUaa, Thi lift qf Chrut, ISg, 1S4. "Tho Proiut'uo of Bt. Julin'a 
Ooapel," F. Godbt, Ti4 Sn^otitor, Firat Seriea, il, 4S, lOS. >' Special and Valuable dlniiHi'iDn* 
of The Word or L<^ns will ba found in LinooH'a JiampUya Lietura, and WasrcoTr'a liUroduelion 
(9 ti4 Skidy </ tht Gotp4U." Boa alto Dobou's JXwtruu r/ (Aa iVaon ^ C/irM, vol. i, and tlie 
Appendix, SifT. 

a. TO BZBMOire ADT) ADPaBaWllB.— J^ Adtntt, HtmrraaTow, SOft. Tht laeama- 
iion ef tit* IXtrnal Word, WiTaoic, i, ST4. Chrut tit Bialinff of ManJhinJ, K. K Makkino, 
ii, 9. ChritttitOnli/Sifi>at>iofihiFalAtr,T3xaaa,t. Thrtt Di^tntatioat, aniniHaTiin, 63. 
Baiukip bf ReceitiHff CAritt, Vmr, 81. ThtLigM^tit ITorM, BoBBBraoit, r, SIO. ITu /«- 
aamoMon, W. U. Tailob, IS. ffod^t SnOatlm Thnofh W< ^- SntH, IT. Ti$ Word «a> 
Witi 0«d,Evu.iMO,l. l^Ih>SlmofLifi3olvtd,F.D.lUvMBm. 


JORX 1. 29-42. 

Thibd Qoabtkb.' 

LESSON II.— July 12. 




-pT.*iTiii — HBi'i'iK'mTH bcjond Jordui. 

CX)inO!(7FIDra UXrKB.—Vte poas iiow to the wluian of John oa tha aownd Amj, mhta 
lie roDB Jentu camiiig unto him, prabaLiljr on the return troai the temptation. Fnnj dayi had 
piused Bince thej had met before, and eince Jobn knew at the baptism that Jceus wii the Ha- 
tiah. TbfBS day* were for the One a period of Inoelineai^ temptation, and victory. They miut 
bavq baen tbr the other ■ time of quioliened energy, irondering tfaou^t, and aamoit Mody of 
what the prophela foretold the Meaaumio advent should be. — WaMnt, 

29 The next (Iaj John seeth Jc'«us 
coming unto Um, and stiitfa. Behold 
' the Lamb of God, * which *takstli away 
the dn of the world I 

SO This is be of nliom I sai<1, After 
tne Cometh a mnn wliich ia preferred 
before me: for he wna before me, 

81 And I knew him not: but that he 

29 On the morrow he seeth Je'siu 
coming unto Lim, and saith. Behold, 
the Lamb of Ood, which ' taketli awaj 

80 the sin of the world! This is he of 
whom 1 Bitid, After me cometh a man 
which i* become before mc : for he wm 

31 'before me. And I knew him not; 

L TKB I.AMB OF OOD. Tana* 29-34. 

39. The next dar—TlicTS were three days of testimony of John to Jesus. Ten. 11, 3t, W. 
The last two ware tealiinoniu to tlio pntatt 3<ir\a.— Whtdoit. Behold the Iiamb of a«d 
— He does not aay, "Behold the world's front Toaoher;" nor, " Bohold him whose Kpotleasei- 
amplo is to ealiglilsn aiid regeneroto tho nioo ; " nor even, " Behold your lon(f*ipoctod King, tta 
tlie kingdom of honvon, as yo havo often hosrd from me, Iseren now at hand." Any onoof thtsa 
polntB he might have put lata the roregroundof this Srat s^mounecment ; but, paraiug (bem all, 
be Buizes upon anothur, by far mora contral, pmmiuont, and oomprahensiva than cither or all of 
tliess, and announces him oa the aacriScial Lamb who takes npon himeelf and boars awsj the nn 
of tbs world.— (7rnoI(t. Whiah. t&keth away—" Tokctli away," exactly repreacnts the mean- 
ing of the DtiglDol verb, whioh slsniBea, not bean, or sufftin, or releasee from the penalty of, but 
takf ouo^. It corresponda olmcet exactly with the word ordinarily translated torgivo, ObeeSM 
that the verb la In the preen nt tense, u toting atoap. The nacriSoe bos boon offered once fbr all ; 
but ila effect ia aoontinaoua one. Christie ever engngsd in lifting npand taking away theaio of 
the world. — Abbott. The ain — As if it were one great burden. — IWrtantr, 

Wa iheviJ baar peraoBal tsatlmaay br nirlst. See IIXUSTauiOHS. ItwH Do more reaUy J<Aid'i 

duty ttisn It Is yoara. 
WesboaMlookto jHnaaianranbnfiatit. Bee iLUWrSinowB. Tbe " «ln [« the world " Is taktn 

awnjbjhlia. There re malos neither guLlt nor punishment for tboae Who tmtt tilm. 

80. Thla Ii he — These wnrda here, as in voths 15 and iT, Introduoe s quotation from an 
earlier and unrecorded Btatoinent of the Baptist, utiortd In firovorbiol form, and to be understood 
in their Aitllllinent Chap. 3. 30.— WaiUnt. Of Whom I aald, etc— Seo ver. 15, Lesson I. 

81. And I knew him not^Betler, and J aUe hiea Aim tut; so again In Terse SS. Ths 




JoHir 1. 29-49. 

83 And John bare rccoM, saying, I 
MW the Spirit descending from heaven 
like A doTB, uid it abode unto him. 

88 And I knew him not: but he that 
•ent me to baptize with 'water, tl)e same 
■ud unto me, Upon whom tliou shalt sec 
the Spirit descending, and remaining on 
him, ihe 'tame is lie vhich baptlzetU 
-with the Holy QhosL 

Si And I saw, and bore record that 
this is the Bnn of Ood. 

52 tizing * with nater. And John bare 

-witness, saying, I have beheld the 
Spirit descending as a dore out o( 
heaven; and it abode upon him. 

53 And I knew him not: but he tliat 
Bcnt me to baptize ' with water, be 
aaid unto me. Upon whomsoever thou 
shalt see the Spirit descending, and 
abiding upon liim, the same is he that 
baptizuth * with tlie Holy Spirit. 

34 And I have seen, and hnve borne 
witness that this is the Son of God. 

(ofarance in to " wham ya know not" of voneSt, and tbs usertion a not, thererore, inconsUtent 
with the IVtct that Jobn did know him on hii approach to Iwptiuu. MatL S. 13. In tlie aenia 
lliatthej did not know Lim standing amoag them, he did not know hjin, though vUh the ind* 
dsnt* of bit birth and earlier years and even foatum ha may have heea fluniliir. It can hardly 
be that tbesonof Uaryiraannkaoiri] to the ion of Eliuheth, though ona Jiad dwolt in Nozorath 
andthe other "was In tlia deacrU till the day of his BhoviiiK unto Iirnol." Luke 1.80; 9. Gl. He 
knew not all ; but as tiod's herald he knew that the ooming King ahould b« made roanlfsEt 
to IbMoI; and lo he had nuula oonfldcnt proclamation and btgaa Iha Mcesianio beptiaai. Tlio 
PenoQ would ba his ownwitnoia. lloaven would give Its ownaigoto those who could apirituutly 
read it, The Baptizcr witli the Spirit would himiclf bo ao fully baptized with the Spirit that 
to the spiritoiLl aye it would take vliuol fonu and be aeon "as a dove desoonding from beavea." 

S3. Bare record— Gave teetimooy. I aair— Better, / ion bfktld, or ooutampblod. 
1 John 4. IS, U.—Handj/ (hmmmtary. The Bpbit— Piwissly what John'a hearers undentood 
biro to mean bj this phnae it is not eaay to tlecido. They were without our theologlaal deSni- 
tfons, but that soma sort of divine DUnifeatation woa nfGrred to Ihey woald not tloubc Xiike a 
dove — Tbia may have been vislbla to Christ aod the BuptlKt ilaiia. A rsal appoaranoe is the 
BatunI mBBtdnghere and in St. LdIcd (8. 13).— Pftunnicr. ThisvisiblD descent of the Spirit made 
no diango in Chriat's nature: (1) It made the Ucsainh known to the Bnptist, and through him 
to the world ; (1) it marked the official commenoomcnt of the minintry of the Maasiah, like the 
anointing of a kii^. And It abode iipon him — The Spirit of Uod, not the dove, abode. — 

SS. And I knew him not — Or, asheforo, lobo knew him not. I, us well oa you, knew him 
not, till this aign was vouchsafed me. Wiiy, than, did ha at ttnt objeot to baptizing Jesus, If badid 
not recognizoinhim theChriatI Matt. S. II. I!e was second cousin of Jesun ; knew him, probably, 
m a pure and holy msn ; perhaps knew the facts nepscting Je-ous's birth, which were certidoly 
knowD to John's mother ; may even hava aoapected that be wan the promiaod Messiah ; and at all 
events may have believed that ho needed no baptism of ropentanoe. He did not, however, know 
biin to be the Meeaiah, and did not recognise Mm at saeh, till after the promised sign, and Ihia 
fcUowed the baptiiun of JesuK— Abbott. The same a^d unto nu—When this ravelatlon was 
made we am oot told. — Plvmmtr, 

84, And I -saw, and bare imwrd — Better, And I Jlon (em and Stui (onu uibiMi. "I 
have seen" is In Joyona contrast to "I knew him not," veneaSl, tt. " Have borne witness " is the 
Mma verb as In venea T, 8,andSll. Hence " iritiiess " ii prefaraUe to "»oord" both hero and in 
vena SS.— A^KSinur. 



85 Ag:iin, tbe nest Any after, Jolin 
Btooct, and two of his diaclnleg; 

83 And Idoking upon Jc'bus aa he 
walked, he aaith, Beliold the lAmb of 

87 And the two disciples heard him 
speak, and the; folloired Je'sns. 

88 Tlien Je'sus turned, and saw them 
foilowina;, and stuth unto them. What 
seek yef They stud nnto him, lUb'bi, 
(which is to say, being interpreted,. 
Uaatcr.) where 'dtvellcst tbou t 

89 He saith nnto them, Come and 

ita Apain on the niorniw John was 
standing, and two of hia diaciplea; 

86 and he looked upon Je'sns as he 
walked, and B^tli, Behold, the LMnb 

87 of Oodt And the two diariplea 
heard bira speak, and they followed 

88 Je'suB. And Je'sos turned, and bo- 
hcld them following, and wuth onto 
them, Wliat seek yet And they said 
nnto him, Rab'bl (which ia to say, 
beiog iuterpreted, * Master), where 

89 abidcst thout He saith unto them. 

35. Acaln — Referring to tcibo !9 ; it Hhonld tma» sacond. The noit da/ agaiH 3aha Bat 
itandinn. Tbo difference bolwscn tlii* narrative and that of the STnoptiiti (Matt. C IS; MsA 
1. IS; Lake S. 3) in •atiiTacCoril; expTuined bj suppodng tMj to refer to an earlier and leas formal 
cnll of thew llrBt four disolplea, John and Aadrow, Peter and James. — CamMdgi Bi6U. TwooC 
hiB diaofplea— One of Iheae we an told vae Andrew (ver. 40) ; the other was no doubt John 
biroBsIf. Tlie aecount ia tliat of an ef«-wituen ; and bia haUtual roerre with regard to hlmaelf 
full; aaaannts for his Nlenoe. If it wu aome one else it ia difllcult to aw why St. John pointodly 
oniitH to mention hia name. There wu strong onteoodeot probability that tlie lint followen of 
Chriit would be dixciplea of ihe BapUH.— Ptumnxr. 

Soala anHiBd ua are Inwardlr aeeklac Sa4. Bee iLLimaxnoaB. 

Se. Iiooldnc upaOr-JTmiiiff looltd an with a fixed, penetrating gaa,—Cambridg* SUli. At 
thla look all tlis old thoughta in their fullniH oomB crowding back. Yea, It *t he ! Behold the 
I^imb of God [—Saieott, Aa h» walked-^r, aa we ahould any, Aa be was taking a walk. On* 
of Clio DQiuerotu indieaCiona in (be goipela Cbat Christ was a loier of nature, aeouatomed to medi- 
tato and study in oonnniuiiDii with nature. — Ab/iait, Thii waa probably tha last mnrting of the 
Baptist and Christ. 

Ohaerre haw tbla rersa leachcB tha tbIdb 1 perMnal work aa4 pcraonal 1nBacB». Itm Ibrt 
dlidplea are led to aeeK Chrlit, not br tbe public dlsconne. taat 1); (iMpn rate word! of (be BaplM : 
bT priTBto Induenee Ibej brim Peter (41) : br prlraM bTltallon PblUp la aiUed to the dladplaa 
(13); andb7penc«iBlK>lIclta(lonNaUianaell«broiiciitMChiM(4S).— ^Uwtt. 

87. Heard Um apaak — Tha deelaralian had not been addreaaed to them In paitienlar. 
They followed Jesus— Tbe beginning of the ChrisCiao Chnrch.— /tuimiwr. 

88. Jema turned, and saw ttaam fbllowlnB — They follow wishing, and yet not dating, 
to question him. Ho sesi this, and seeks to draw them (brth by himaolf asking the Srat qneadon. 
— Watiiiu. What Bask ye — In a similar manner ha opens eonveisation with the woman at tiw 
well (chap. 4. 10, IS), with the disciplea Sshlng at the sea of Galilee (chap. iJ. C), and with the 
dLwlplca on their way to Emmatu. Luke U. IT. Cbriat as a coDTenaUonaliat ia a stady lor the 
Chrisliun. Obeorve bow he opens the way and leads en to fs miliar aoquMntancV, Bnt by bla 
qucHtion, then by hia Invitation, finally by his hoKpitallty. — AUolt, 

Often In the aplillDal redeenee, so eommon to tlie first experiences oC tbo awakmed soul, U> nal 
asplntlODa after truth are eonceated beneath an assumed curloiJtT respecting some IndlOOnDt 
nutter. Christ meets thla non-pertlnenl, it not Impertinent, curloiKr with an lavUaUon wbkk 
BttBDbO the two laqalrsrs to bim For life.— ..ItilMtt. 

What •aahyel Thti li the wiHil which Ihe great Teacher addre« to at an, to call m torcAeetlM 
andto asdiing sriittat the right.— Ifhcdmi. 

89. OtmM and sea— Tbey think of a vialt laUr, It may be on the following day. Ha lUa 
them come at once. Now ia the day of •slvation. It waa the sasred tumlng-psint of the wiUar^ 


John 1. 20-42. 


where he 

direlt, aod sbode with liim that da;, 
for it was 'about the tenth hour. 

40 Oiie of tlie two which heard John 
^tai, and followed him, woa An'drew, 
Si'raon Pe'ter'e brother, 

41 He first fladed hia own brother 
*Si'nioii, and saith auto liim, We have 
found the Hes-«i'aa, which ia, being 
interpreted, 'the Christ. 

43 And he brought him to Je'tus. 
Aod when Je'sua l>ehetd him, he mid. 
Thou art Si'mnn the son of Jo'na: thou 
ahalt be called Ce'phas, which is, bj in- 
terpretation, *A Bt'>iie. 

Come, and je shall see. lliej came 
thererore and saw where lie abude; 
Btid thej abode with him that da;; it 

40 was about the tenth hour. One of ' 
the two that heard John tptak, and 
followed him, was An'drew, Si'mon 

41 Pe'ter's brother. Ue Sndeth first his 
own brother Si'mon, and saith unto 
him. We have found the Hes-si'ah 
(which is, being interpreted, * Christ). 

42 He brought him unto Je'sua. Je'sus 
looked upon him, and said. Thou art 
Bi'miin the son of 'John: thou shalt 
be called Ce'phas (which is by inter- 
pnjtatlon, * Pe'ter). 

own life, h» rtmemba™ Iha Tery time at day—tbo teatb bonr. About four rfelook P. M.— 
BlUeotL 'Wbore he dwalt— It ui>f hsTO Uesn s bouM, ■ tont, or, u is odeii tlio aao \a Vt\»- 
tino, » CBVB or (trotlo. Thoro dU Andrew *nd John epond the residue of tho dny in oonvorao with 
JiHui ; and then did thu;, th«M two diwlpln of the Bnptist, come to thet faith in Jaiu b; wlilch, 
viUiout If or qualillasliaii, thoj could say to Simon, " We h>*a found tlie UiMBlsb." — Wkedoti. 
Tha pncinlon oonoerning Iho hour is one of tlioae minnte touobea vhiah would not be fbucd in 
dtber ■ tnf tbioat ttaditiun or sn orelwiutlial for^iy. — A3AoU. 

40. One of tha two—The svmi^llit will avan Jicn dnv tba voil otbt liis own identity ; 
he never tateta to lunuelf by name. Chpp. IS. SS; IB. IE; 19. SO; £0. S; El. SO. The niiante 
aceurac; of detail in tliis nnmtlve, eitonding to the specidcatian of the day and of tho hour, 
JuatiBes Iha belief tbat II is the nanative of so eye and ear witness.— ^Uc«. Blmon Feter** 
brothar — In diuroh biatorjr Pctor la aTer; tiling and Andraw nothing; but there would havs 
boaa DO apostle Peter bat fbr Andrew. — Ftammtr, 

HMUBfeanaoppli the planoClndlirMBalaSOK. Ters. W. 11. Bee Illustutidhs. 

41. He flistflndetb — The meaninji of "flrat" baaonHs almoat certain when we rNnember 
John's chsmcteristia reserve about himself. Both dbcdples huny to tell their own brotbera the 
good tidinga, that tha Muviah lias been fonntl. Andrew finds hia brother first, and afterward 
John finds his, but we srs tcFt to iiirer the Utter point, Andrew thrloo brings other* to Cbrist; 
Potor, the Isd with the lonvoii (A. 8}, nnd oertsin Greeks (IS. iS) ; and exeeptiog Mnrk 18. t we 
know scaieBlj any thing alie about him. Thus it would seem ss if in these three ineidents John 
hsd given us the hey to hU charaoter. And here we hare another ohsncteristio of this gospel — 
the lifulike wsj in which the leaa pniniinenc flgnna are sketched. B«'ides Andrew we have 
Pbili[>{l. M;;13.Sl;14.B);ThomaB01-lSil'-SlS0. 21'SS);Nathaiual(1.15-Gl)jNioodemua 
(S.l-iS; T. M-Gl; 19. 18); Uulha and Uary (11. 1-8}.— OiRtiritf^* BOit. His own brother 
Sliiion — A (ircle of friends, it would seem, fVinn Oslllee, mostly fnta Bethsaida, are now at the 
Jordan, drawn by the minlatry of the Baptist, and In more or lass close conneution with liim. Of 
these JesDs will now form tha nneleos of his spostolio college. But they ore apecial disciples 
nlhsr than apoatlea.— WKidon. 

42. Beheld— Kams word sa in Teiie U, Implying a fixed, esniest look ; what follows shows 
thst Cbnat'a gaio panctntcd to his heart and read hif charsoter.- Jliwuiur. Oephaa— The word 
oomnonlyinthlaplacelnthegonpels, elsewhere IntheKew Testamentonly in8t.Paul. I Corin- 
thlanaand Qslatiana. Bememberingthe general slguiflcanca of Hebrew names, the changes In tha 
Old Testament, as of Abnim, Sarai, and Jacob, and among these Brst disciples, as of James and John 
(Mark S. 11, it;, alt these names of Peter soem meant to chanctcrias tha man : " Thou sit not 
Heann-, thsson of Jsbovsb'a Qrace; thou abslt be called and be s Bock-man." Comp. Matt. It. IT. 
—BliaM, Thers Is no discrepancy between this sod Matt 18. IS. Hers ChrislgiTia the name 
Feter ; there lie reminds Peter of It — Plnmmtr. 


John 1. 29-42. LESSON IL Thibd Quabtke. 

We shoald bear perianal teatlmonr for Chriit. Ter> 39. A imilt)); ladj of 

Cnniiiiu, wfaan oonvertod, fult tbat ihd oug)it M racomoicnd reli^on to atheni bj Bpcsking in ths 
prayer-tiieaLing. Shs feared sho would brsuk down, but ruid >t langih : " I oon ai loait stand t^ 
and (til /or Vhmt." 

An iiifldol wss one day walking in Ihe wood* utd bskrd an old ruid, a roclninwd drankard, In 
pnyor. Ho Ictiew hii chnngod lira und thia ImprcSHad him still man. Soon after, in a taatunonj 
maating, he beard him toMiry to Christ'a power Uiaave. In tlioume meatiDj; n young lady, ooa of 
his aing^Dg-iidiool acIiobir>^ tektail a tooching ezporieace. Campletolj' broken down ha canw to 
ths altar taying: " Here fomee a Saul of Taraus," was conviirted and boouna ■ uaaful miniater. 

We (hoDld look to Jeana aa onr anbatllnte. Ter< 2B.~It iinowed bo much I could 
not (CO to the plaoe I detanuinDd. I went to a Jlctliodiat chupol in an obiicure atniot. Daring the 
aormon tbo preacber, a thin looking lajTnan, flxal bta oyea on ma and aaid ; " Young man, joa 
are In trouble ; you will uovcr got out of It till you abe; this meioige." Than ntisin^ Lis hsoda 
he ithoutcd 01 only a Ucthoditt oould: "Look! taA/ ICtontj/laolcl" 1 did look, and in that 
inalont lost my crunhing load.— ^purjam, 

Tlie man that travels with his faco northward has It ^nj and cold. IM him torn Va tba 
south, where the dun dweilii, aud his lace will glow. " X.ooking unto Jeaua," la Uio aoverdgn con 
for idnnem. — Maelarm. 

The pilot of a United States revenue euttcr vaa aaked if ha knew oil tha locka along ttie ooaat 
where ho nulled. lie replied: "No; it is only neoeaiary to know where there ara no rodta." 
WhaUTcr the difilouttiea, he that Inulis oHght to Jtsus is safe. 

Chrlatianity It the dlapcnaatiOB oftho Spirit. Ver«. 33, 33.~Aji oftentimes whan 
walking in a wood near auneet, though the sun himseir be hidden by the bui>)ilnca> of the ti«c* 
anmnd, yet we know tliat he la itiil above the hoiiion, from seeing hu bmiiu illuniinating a 
tliousond loairos before iu>; no, by powerful proofs, we know the Spirit works mightily ■nmig 
men. lampe ao heavenly must have boen lit from on higli. — Bart. 

Truth may be oompared to a cavern glittering with apar, having wondnnu atiiioodtes hanging 
fVom the roof. Into this nneipiored r^on a guide, with lighted flambeau, oSbn to conduct yon. 
lie brings you Lito iU depths, points here to the rise of a stream, there to a peculiar jock, and 
again into a natural hull, revealing to you at every atap hidden wondem. The vast discoverlea 
made in every domain of truth in modem timea show that a divine Guide has been lighting np 
darkness and revealing Ihe aacreta of the Ijord to those who fear Lim. — W. i. D. 

Tlie vei7 best poetry of the world la Christian. Painting grew under the shadow of ik 
wing. Music and architecture flourished chiefly on Christian anil. When did the revival of lit- 
erature and science take place In Europe! Not till the revival of Chrielianlty under Luther. 
When did Scienoo discover tbat the sun is the center of our system t Not tilt Luther dlaoovcnd 
tbat Christ Is the center of religion. Btcphenaon, when asked what power pulled the train along 
the rdls, answered ; The sim. And if you oak what power is now working in the heart of civili- 
sation, lanswer: The powerof the Spirit of Christ. — Jtmat. 

Sonia aroand ni are Inwardlr leektitK God. Ter«< 3S-3S«— The soul of man It 
a olinging soul, seeking for support. Aa in a n^lected gnrdcti you see creepen making ahUt u> 
mninloin themselves as best they oan ; one convolvulus twisting round another, and both dnt^ 
glingon the ground; a clematia toaning on the door whieb will soon open and let the whole mosa (kll 
down; so itia mournful to see human souls seeking a sufficiuet object to twine around. — ffamiUmi. 

As birds when their time of migration comea, and thej feet the impulse to fly, will not ba 
slopped by the snap of the fowler's gun or by the sweep of the bawk, but rise and fly through 
nlglit and day to Snd that sunnier land, aosouls feci the coll of Qod and move toward Mm.— AMikr. 

Nothing can mpplr the place of indivldnal effort. Vers. 40, 41.— Said General 
Ilavolock, Id reply to a remark of a friend as to big influcnoe over the men of hia Teglment, " / 
k»tp eUm to fi<i»— have pononul contact with each man and know each man's name." 

Harlan Pago, coming early to a meeting, fonnd a Btnnger sitting there, and politely apok* lo 
him. The conversation went on until ibe tmm — who said that " Christians had alwaya kept him 
at arm') Ungth" before — was melted into penitenco. — CuyUr. 



July 12, 1891. LESSON 11. Johm l, 29-*9. 

Kichird Butler deull indiTtdually witb t)io puruliionen of Klddanniiiater, brioging them to 
Iili hoUBt and taJtiHd Mam apart tm4 iy dim; I[a telU us thtt, beoaiue of it, more thao ona tliird 
«r thu trrovu-up inhabitants wsro coDTerted to Gwl. 

A nun gaVB in liisexporiance in on« ofHr. Moi-dy's ineetinga: " I hava been fbr flrc jean 
on the Mount of Tniiii<nKuntion." " llov muiiy nouU )>ava you tod to CbriM last yeai t " wan 
Mr. Hoody'a aharp qua-tion. " Well, I don't know," ho repllod. " Hb*o jon uvod any ! " "I 
■don't know that I have." " Well, we don't want that kind of raonntain-top aiperienoe. Whon 
» mm geta af high that be caauot niaob down and aave poor sinncra tharo u< aoniothlEig wrong." 


In our leanoD we look upon the BOun« of that gnat river, the Chriatiun Church. Tl)ero wua 
a day when four men constituted tlie cntim Chorch of Clirut on caith, and on the dnf berora 
ther« were but two, the flnt disciiilai of Jwus. 

Let ua notice the variouBrelatloiia of men lo Jesus whidi this loanan nhowa. 

1. Saeing Ohrlat. Vera. 30-34. It is Bomcthing to mid Jaeuaaa John aaw Mm, Other man 
■aw In hlai the Galilean oarpenler, a oommon num. John, with eyes enlightened from above, 
■awlnJeaus:!.) Tkt Lamb of Gad. Ver. i9. Z.) Tka gittr of tlu ^rtt. Vera. S0-S8. t.)TKt 
Jjon of God. Ver. U. We see Jetoa in the pages of the New Teatmnont ; what do wo see in himl 

5. Pointing to Chilat. Vera. S5, Efi. John tha Bapliat was not oontent with merely seeing 
Jt;*DS. Ha must make othcn also see him. Ha was tha first praoehor ofChriat, aa Ma utterance, 
*' Behold the Lamh of tiod," is the summary of all goapel prcachin){. 

9. SaeUng Chrlit. Vcr. ST. It Is not wonderl\U tluit atWr such an introduotion to Jeeua 
the two disciples ahoulil turn from John and seek to know the Lainb of God. Tliat preaching is 
aaooassfid which leads men to follow Christ. What did they Snd in himt Vone 41 gives the 
answer. They found the oonsolatloa and hope of IsrseL 

4. Commanfiis with OhrUt. YeiB, SB, 3t. Notice that dxty years afterward the evan- 
gelist John reniemberad tlio vary honr when he flist saw bis Ijord. Is not this tne to lifel 
Who forgets the moment when ha first eama into fellowship with Christ Notloo, too, that tlteas 
men, aa tho resolt of one day with Jesus, rspoeed In him a faith that nsver wavered. The 
■trongcst and dearest bltii is that wblah oomes from communion with Christ. 

fi. Teatitying of Christ Ton. 40, 41. Each of thane two men promptly told to hts nsareat 
Telstive whom they had found. Andrew told Bimou, and Johntold James. Veiaa 41 give* their 
testimony, stnng, direct, and clear. Let every one who has found Jeans give such a testiiuony 
to him, the testimony of his own oxperienoe. 

6. Tioadlng to Obrlst. Ver. 43. Each sought hia own brother; Andrew's brother was 
tha Srst to com^ but JaiiiCH came soon altar. And that Is the way In which Christ's Church has 
grown from that time lo tJie presanL 

Who would e%'er have hoard of thoaa men — John, Andraw, Joinoa, Peter — if tlicy had not met 
Christt They drew near to him, wore transformed by him, brsMhed lils spirit, and became 
gi«at. So is every character transformed which oomes nndtr the Influanoe of Jcsua. 


I. TO OTXOIAIi SUBJSIOTS.— " The First Apostles," Fiaaut, TKt Lift of Chritt, 
1, 140-lW. GiiKii, Th* Life and WonU of Ckriit, i, 483-4*0. " The Lamb of God," FumAR, 
i,l4». G»iiim,i,4M. "Appeiiraneoof Jaius,"FiniiAii, i,H3-lSa; Giian, i, 49S-1M. "The 
Hcvisnie Hope and Tlieology," aoHuaxa, ./juruA PapUqftlu Timtof ChnU,a,-Lii-m,m, 
1S4-1S8. " The Title of Rabbi," Soaiiaca, i, 115. " Different Kinds of Furlflcation," SchL-bsb, 
11, 109. " Andraw Tiaits Jesus," Ahqiuws, 7^ Z4/<^ Our iJmf,]4£. " Son of God—How 
Used," AimaiWB, EOS-SOS. >' The Fine Disci pk-s," aTi:.iiii, Tht Lift of Ciriit, Sl-fiS. " Life 
and Character of John," J. M. Macdoi(at,d, Tit lift aad (Vrilingi of St. Jo/m, 14-44. '* Tha 
Gnmp of Apostles," AiTMntar, Third Series, ii, lOO, 1S7, 434, 

i. TO 8SBMON8 AJ<n> ACDBSaaSS. Til LanUi of God, B. Hul, Ui, 4S0. CAritt, 
Uu Laati if Ood, TnnrcH, ST ; T. Gutbbu, i, liO. Oar Lord Oi Saeri/letfor Sin, HosiUT, 
i, ItO; t, 41, is. f'uiurai Stnnon ofSanutl Moody, D. L. Hoodi, i, 40. CMd Our Einf, 

■IT ' liT 



LESSON III.— July 19. 



TDCB.— £8 A. D. " The third d*y " tmm th« calllag of Philip (1- «), the last dMe pTN 
'"fi^>"g a week la ell ; the Snt week, pariwiia, m oanlnetto the leet week (It. I). 

FI1A.OII.— Gknaof Qallllee, todietingoiahit fromCaoeof Aeher. Jcwh. 1ft. 38. ThiiCen 
ie not menlianed id the Oid TanCament. It ni the home of Nathuuwl (SI. 4, end is nor genei 
all; idmlifled with Kanat-el-Jelil, about six milee natth of Kanreth. 

1 And the third da; there wbh a mnr- 
liage in Ca'na ol Gal'i-lee; and tlic 
mother of Je'ans was there : 

i And both Je'aiw was called, and his 
disciples, to the marriage. 

8 And wlten they wanted wine, the 
mother of Je'siu saith unto him. They 
have no wine. 

1 And the third daj there was a mar- 
riage in Ca'na of Gal'i-leej and the 

2 mother of Je'sus was there: and 
Je'sua also was bidden, and his di»- 

8 cii»le8, to the marriage. And when 
the wine failed, the mother of Je'tua 
saith anto him, Thej have no wine. 

.OB. Van 

■ 1, 2. 

1. The third dajr — Aeeording to Jewieh ouatom the waddings of virgina took place on the 
fourth da; of the week, our Wedneadajr, and ol vtdowa on the fifth day, oar Tharedaj.— Zi; U- 
/ool. Oana of Oellle*— See introdocloiT note on Puluk. l%e notber of Joaoa waa there 
— The bet that Joaegih fat not aiauUonsd in either of Uis goap«lii after Chriat'a manhood haa led 
to the genera] opinion that he waa dead. The pnaeace of Jliay and her appmnt authority 
(ver. G) indicate that Che bride or biidegroom were conaectiona or relatiTea. 

a. Jeana waa oallod— The etodent will obeerre that it la aidd of Uary that ahe tnu litr*, 
of Jeana that he mu caUid, an indication that he eamo at a later period, and probably after the 
marriage Aaat, whicli uaually laated for aeveral dajn, had boguo. — AbboU. Ai|d hla diaalplaa 
— Andrew, John, Peter, Pliilip, Hutlutnael, and probebl]' Jninn. — I^ummtr. Family raUtionahip 
may hare aeoured the invitation of Jeeua. — Giailtt. It ia quite In aooord with Kaatam hoe[dtality 
that the diaciplea, who are now npoken of under thia aon«ctivs title, and formed with their rabbi a 
band of aevsu, ahonld be bidden with him. — EUUolt. This unexpected increase of the number 
of gueata may account for tlie failure of tlia wine-gupply.^ — Coala. 

flocUUlIlT I* teanacadBMe, iia^ Uiere !■ a time 10 laogh. gee ILLUsnATinin. Tbe aaceUe 
notion ol life la wbollj uaRhrtallaa. The lore of mnrlment and the nose ol tbe ludlermu are la 
irulf natural, and tlH^reFure u much In accordanoe wlUi God's will, as la aoTTOw. SancUDed aoda- 
Ulitf Is needed In all our cburches and bomea. The diaep of Jeans Should Sock tovetlier. 

n. THE MOmBR. Tersea 3-S. 
8. Wlien they wantod wine—Better, ahn tht frina faUtd. To Eaalsm boapitality 
Bocb a miahap would acem a ditgneefbl calamity. — ilumDKr. For a brief stalBmeut of the oon- 
clualona of modem acholar-bip eonctming the nature of the wine Oaod at thia fooat, ane article 
on Tsa Wnnt or Cana nl the aloae of thia leeaon. Th« mother of Jeana aaitb— If abe wer« ia 
any way rBapooaiblo for the auoceM of the foost and the supply vraa falling ahort, the appeal for 
help to her Bon was natural ; and it vraa apecialty ao, if, aa modem customa in the Otiant indicate 
{EUiaM), the gueata often contribute to the auppllca at auoh enteitainmanla. — AbboU. If Jcau 
had brought the aorplua of eompiny, hia mother may have thoaght that be sboold anpply the 
deficit, of wine— WhtdtM. 





JuVY 19, 1891. 

4 Je'sna saith 
irhiit 'bave I to 

it yet come. 

5 His mother stuth unto the Berrants, 5 hour is not yet come. Hib motlier 

WhatBOever he saith unto ;ou, do it. eaith unto the MiraDts, Whatsoerer 

And there were set there six water- 6 he saith unto you, do it Now there 

1 alone of nil tha Bvaogelinlii never giiw llie Virgin's nains. — /tunuiur. 
The bet that our Lord an the crow (li. at) ■ddrtMed hia mothai bj the same term, •nman, M the 
moat tander momeDt of tais wrtbl; life, shows that the itonl is as nHpeotAil u our modem term 
"lady," uidacunlyleHSffectioQiitethanthatenn" mother." See Matt. IB. 18; Luke It. IS; John 
4. SI ; SO. IS. — Whtilen. Were prcnf needed of the tondemeae vhioh uDdorliea this irord u used 
bj him, it would be Ibnnd in the otliur inatunoeB which the g»pels supply. It ii spoken only tf> 
the Byro-Phenician whoae &ith is great (Matt. IB. SS) : to Che daoghter of Abnham looeed trttat 
her lofimuty (Lake IS. IS) ; and, in this Koepel, in tlia Hsmiritan embniciiiK the hl)[her &ith 
(chap. 4. SI); perhapato the sinner whom he doea not condemn (chap. B. 10); to the sama mother 
from the craaa (chap. IB. SB); and to Mary Hagdalane in tears. Cliup. SO. IS, IS.— WMiiiu. 
What hare I to do with the»— Literally, " WHat h titn tomtandtotlmf" Beyond all doubt 
the two r^aided hia life-work fh<m BtBnd'polnla ao difibrant that there in nothing In common be- 
tween them. ThopaTallela for thefoimof thequeedonan Josh. SS. S4; Jud^.ll.IS; S Sam. 
1ft. 10 ; 1 Kings IT. IS; S Kings S. 13 ; and the thrice-recorded queatiOD of tlio demoniao. Halt. 
B. SSi Markl. Si;'Lnke8. Sfi. The real paralle! is John T. t.—ff/MOtf. If Christ here nbukea 
hiH mother, it cannot be m^ntained that she is immaculots. But tho qimlioD dom Imply rebuke, 
■a Is evidetit ftom the other patsagoe where the phraM oocniB. What was she rebuked /erf 
Ckrytoilom thinks for vanity ; the wished to glori^ hemelf ttarongh her son. More probably for 
inTcrference. lie will help, bat In his own way and in hia own time. Comp. Luke SI. 81. — 
Ftamtiur. Mine honr la not yet oome — By his " hour," or time, we understand some divinely 
appointed eriaii> or some transition-point in liis history, opening sorns new stage or initiating soma 
new svenL lie did not goto be baptised by John until hie "hour" arrived. He was led of the 
Spirit (Matt. i. 1) at the proper point or " hour" to his temptation. He altered no ■elf-testimony 
until the Baptist had atlested him. Thus his every instant was obediently regulated by the divine 
order. His every movement, belnjt connected with the clook-work ol God's oversight, was timed 
by the pointing of the minute or second band to its doL The wilone of the Father's Spirit with 
hia own sfdrit announoee to him the Instant when his " hour" !> come. In the present case hie 
**hoiir" is the point of time when liis era of miracles should commenee. Jesus had now a request 
for miracle ftvm his human mother, but no signal from his dirine Father, tjimilarly (T. SO) his 
••hoar" was not yet oome to surrender to his murderers; imtil (IT. 1) he qjaculalte, "Father, 
the boor la eome," namely, of bis glorijloation through death. Also (T. 8), " Hj time is not yet 
flilly come," namely, of going up to the feast of tabernacles. Comp. John T. SO; 12. SS, ST ; 18. 1 ; 
IS. 21. But how happens it tlutt hi* "hour" did come so soon) for prolMbly upon the same 
day it was that tbs miracle was performed. We reply that his "hour" probably ««iu (mmoJtaM/ 
Vpen Mtttriitg tkii latf mUtitei. As soon as all fleshly clnini lo hold control over, or gain emoln- 
ment I?, his Mcsslanio power was rejected — as soon as his mother retued to her proper poaitioD 
— then was the last obeCacle removed, his sreu of notion immediately opened, and the honr to 
inffilft-t by miracle hi> gXoTy had arrived. — Wh^don. 

B. Hia mother ntitlt— Between the lines of his refusal her faith reads a better answsr to her 
sppeal. — Gtotbridgt Bible. Do It — She apeaka as having authority here ; and she speaks to subor- 
iiinate that authority to him.— Wiudon. 

We are (o obey Go4 even when we Jo aot nn Jerstand hi* iHdga. See lu-TBTa^nOiia. 

m THE BCRAOZiE. TanM 6-11. 

6. 6iz w»l«rpota of itone — As an eye-vitnees John remembers their number, mateiisl, end 
size. The surroundings of the flmt miracle would not easily be forgotten. It is Idle to seek tbr 
any spenal meaning in the number six. Vessels of atone were proftrred as l>eit;g leas liable to 


Joms 2. 1-11. 

Thibd Qu. 

pots of atoDe, * after tbe manner of the 
purifjinK of the Jews, containiDg two 
or three flrkiiu »pioce. 

7 Je'sua saith unto them, Pill the 
water-pota vith water. And thej filled 
them up to tbe brim. 

8 And he saith unto them, Draw out 
DOW, and benr unto the governor of the 
feast. And they bare it. 

9 When the ruler of the feast had 
taated the 'water that was made nine, 
and knew not whence it waa, (hut the