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Was the Earth Created in 
Six Days? 




«* gft ^.i .'jfr M Ijfr m !>*» » «* m <*' 

A Citadel of Good Service 

An anniversary is but a milestone — it may mark a year or a century. We have mile- 
stones behind us . . . each represents uninterrupted service to our customers and to 
the community. The loyalty of our customers helped us to build our citadel of Good 
Service. Our interests have been mutual . . . and no man nor institution may build on 
a more solid foundation than that. 

Z. C. M. I. Organized 1868 

Wm. L. Walker, General Manager 

Value Plus! That's What You Get In 

Mountaineer Overalls and Work Suits 




Ask your dealer to let you examine 
these remarkable garments. Note the 
quality of the material, the triple- 
stitched seams, the wide, roomy cut 
of seat and legs. Look for the bar- 
tacking that guards every point of 

Now test the Stop-Loss 
Pockets! Prove to your- 
self that nothing can fall 
out — that yourwatch, 
tools, coins, etc., are safe 
from accidental loss. 

Then you'll have a fair idea of the 
superiority of Mountaineer Overalls 
and Work Suits — which give you 
longer wear, greater comfort and 
more satisfaction than any you've 
ever worn. 


Z. C. M. I. was given an award of "Merit," the 
highest award given at the International Association 
of Garment Manufacturers' Exposition held in 
Chicago, May 20. 1930," on Z. C. M. I. Overalls 
and Work Clothes, the entire Mountaineer Line. 

Made in Salt Lake City by 
Z. C. M. I. Clothing Factory 

^ ^ ^ '^ ^ 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 



Remarkable First-Year Record 

In the one short year since Natural Gas was 
made available to Utah homes and indus- 
tries, this ultra-modern fuel has enjoyed a 
truly marvelous reception. 

It is now being used in three of Utah's 
gigantic smelters, supplying clean, control- 
lable heat in tremendous quantities for huge 
smelting operations in the world's largest 
non-ferrous smelting center. 

It is used in scores of apartment houses, 

business buildings and manufacturing es- 
tablishments . . ,not only bringing utmost 
convenience and surprising economy, but al- 
so making for a smoke-free, more healthful 

And in house-heating, the use of gas has 
increased 950% during the past twelve 
months, the first year of Natural Gas in 
Utah. Could anything more clearly and con- 
clusively show that Natural Gas is what 
modern people want? 

Call in at your nearest Natural Gas office and find out just how 
inexpensively you can enjoy this super-fuel for cooking, water- 
heating, automatic refrigeration and automatic house-heating. 


Serving Salt Lake City 


Serving Ogden 



K AftM 1NO TQr* f 




4 MT0VAL. 







The Improvement Era for October, 1930 



• • 

o n g e r 

when they're 

wa shea 

in a. 


HAND -RUBBING is even 
harder on clothes than on 
the hands. Before long, this con- 
stant friction of fabric against metal 
produces worn spots. But when 
clothes are washed in a Haag, they 
require no hand-rubbing, boiling, or 
soaking. Even badly soiled work- 
shirts and overalls are thoroughly 
clean. Blankets are fluffy and soft; 
and the Haag safety agitator protects 
dainty lingerie from injury. 

Just imagine the saving in clothes, 
when you own a Haag. In time, no 

doubt, it will pay 
the cost of the 
washer. And think 
of the labor and long hours it saves, 
too — strength and time for other 
more enjoyable tasks. The Haag 75 
(illustrated) has all the newest fea- 
tures even to the late-model wringer 
with balloon-type rolls of soft rubber. 
Available either with 4 -cycle Briggs 
& Stratton gasoline engine or ^ H.P. 
General Electric motor. 

Arrange to see it soon — today, If 

Mountain States Implement Co. 

159 23rd ST., OGDEN, UTAH 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 



T)0 you read the poetry page? 
The Era is receiving contribu- 
tions for this department from all 
parts of the United States as well 
as many from Canada. Naturally 
this gives the editors a wide variety 
from which to choose, and, de- 
lightful as this department has 
been in the past, there will be a 
constant improvement. 

-*■ the title of a splendid article by 
Dr. Edgar J. Goodspeed. This tal- 
ented gentleman spent some time in 
Utah lecturing at the B. Y. U. sum- 
mer school. Usually Dr. Goodspeed 
is paid a large price for his contri- 
butions to magazines — so large, 
indeed, that the Era could not hope 
to favor its readers with anything 
from his pen; but because of the 
interest he has taken in this com- 
munity we have been able to secure 
this manuscript as well as a prom- 
ise of future contributions. 

XSlT ITH scarcely less interest than 
" that manifested by the Jews 
themselves, the Latter-day Saints 
have looked expectantly upon the 
recent developments going on in 
the Holy Land. Dr. Franklin S. 
Harris, president of the Brigham 
Young University, has furnished 
the Era with an article under the 
title of "Critical Days in Palestine" 
which is sure to be read with in- 
terest. With it will appear pictures 
taken by the doctor himself, of 
places which every Christian has 
longed to see. 

HP HE scholarly series by Dean 
* Milton Bennion, "A Spiritual 
Philosophy of Life," is nearing the 
end. The author has the gift of 
stimulating thought but does not 
write for the superficial reader. All 
who have pondered over his state- 
ments have done so with profit to 

A S has been announced else- 
-**- where, a large number of out- 
standing writers have been secured 
for the coming volume. People 
nationally known as well as local 
writers will contribute articles 
which will give Era readers mate- 
rial pleasing to the Boy Scout and 
Bee-Hive Girl and not less so to the 
experienced high priest and the 
aged mother. 

The Improve meet Era 

Melvin J. Ballard 
Business Manager 

Clarissa A. Beesley 
Associate Business Manager 

George Q. Morris 

Rachel Grant Taylor 

Chairmen Finance and Publications 

Organ of the Priesthood Quorums, the Mutual Improvement 

Associations and the Department of Education of the Church 

of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 


Title Page 
Editorial — 

Has It a Meaning? * Hugh J. Cannon 789 

The Art of Leadership =• Elsie T, Brandley 789 

Unexpected Honesty Hugh J. Cannon 790 

The Reading Habit Hugh J. Cannon 790 

Two Great Opportunities Hugh J. Cannon 790 

A Guest at the Whitehouse Talks Mrs. Reed Smoot 791 

Masterpiece , Mrs. C. R. Knowles 793 

Poetry 795 

Trivial Alberta Huish Christensen 

Memories Gladys Hendrickson 

Silver Gleams Linnie Fisher Robinson 

Raindrops Grace Ingles Frost 

Pastoral ,, Joseph Heber Smart 

Roof Tiles From Spain Grace McKinstry 

Wish . Ardyth N. Kennelly 

Neighbor Ann, A Story Jessie Miller Robinson 796 

Canada and the Church Centennial Frank C. Steele 798 

A Spiritual Philosophy of Life, Chapter XI Dean Milton Bennion 801 

Was the Earth Created in Six Days of Twenty-four Hours Each 

Dr. Frederick J, Pack 804 

Expatriation. A Story . ., Hugh J. Cannon 806 

Joseph Smith, A Modern American Prophet, Chapter IV 

John Henry Evans 808 

Theology and Evolution P. Joseph Jensen 810 

White Hyacinths To Feed the Soul Elsie C. Carroll 812 

What Book? Harrison R. Merrill 815 

Priesthood^Quorums — 

To All Stake Presidencies and Ward Bishoprics 816 

Uniform Sunday Lessons . 816 

Older Inactive Men Bearing Aaronic Priesthood 817 

Field Notes . „. 8 1 7 

Mar Vista Ward Priesthood , 817 

Mutual Work — 

Executive Department 820 

Adult Department . _ ^ 822 

Gleaner Girls Department 823 

Junior Girls Department , 824 

Bee Hive Girls Department — 826 

Grandmother Brown's Hundred Years, ....Reviewed by Ann M. Cannon 828 

Foods for Health Adah R. Naylor 831 

Hallowed Season 841 

Entered at the Post Office, Salt Lake City, Utah, as second-class matter. 
Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103 
Act of October, 1917 , authorized July 2, 1918. 

Manuscripts submitted without the statement, "At usual rates," are con- 
sidered free contributions. Photographs, unless their return is especially 
requested, will be destroyd. 

Published monthly at Salt Lake City by the M. I. A. General Boards; 
$2 per annum. Address: Room 406 Church Office Building. 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 

The Brick Man says:— 

"Now is the time to become a 
participant in the earnings of 
one of Utah's thriving indus- 

You are invited to investigate 
thoroughly the advantages to 
be had through the purchase of 
Salt Lake Pressed Brick Com- 
pany First Cumulative l l / 2 % 
Preferred Stock. 

The substantial property 
backing and other certain secu- 
rities supporting this stock to- 
gether with the rate of interest, 
(7 T / 2 %), make it both desirable 
and highly advantageous as an 

An inquiry will bring you 
complete details. 



19 Kearns Building Salt Lake City, Utah 

Phone Was. 951 

m m > ■»■ ■■■ 

Has it a Meaning? 

(CHINESE guns shell U. S. gunboat;" "Crops 
^ ruined, stock killed by hot wave;" "Quake 
kills 500 on shore of Caspian;" "Typhoon floods 
13,000 buildings;" "New eruption puts Italian city 
in panic;" "Russo-Turkestan, India and Tokio 
stricken;" "Swarms of moths put Italian city in total 
darkness;" "Reds execute 2000 in Chinese city." 

Even casual readers of the daily papers will recog- 
nize in the foregoing quotations a few headlines of 
recent date. These disasters have been pandemic. 
Trailing upon the heels of one appalling calamity, 
another just as bad, or even worse, follows. Floods 
and drouth, extreme heat or unseasonable cold, vol- 
canoes and earthquakes, pests of various kinds, all 
have contributed to casualties which have taken enor- 
mous numbers of human lives and have destroyed 
property amounting to untold millions. One is be- 
wildered by the frequency of these occurrences. 

To add to the havoc of turbulent elements, men 
themselves are in a paroxysm of unrest and fear. The 
"red terror" is spreading over China, the most pop- 
ulous nation in the world. Ghandi's movement of 
"unarmed resistance" in India, the second largest 
country in the world In point of population, is caus- 
ing England, and indeed all other nations, grave con- 
cern; for modern inventions have brought the world 
into such close relationship that a delicate situation in 
one country can not fail to affect all civilized lands. 
There has been serious mutiny in Egypt. Italy and 
France are ready to fly at each others' throats; revo- 
lution is seething in several of the South American 
countries; and the whole world is viewing Russia's 
activities with grave distrust. 

Complicated business conditions, for the exact cause 
of which no two analysts give the same reason; the 
alarming number of men out of employment and the 
consequent suffering in families; strikes and the in- 
crease in lawlessness make the thoughtful person won- 
der what the end will be. 

What does all this portend? Are these things dan- 
ger signals which should not be disregarded? 

It has always been the policy of this magazine to 
speak in sanguine terms — to establish hope and confi- 
dence. It stands for a Gospel of cheerfulness and 
peace. There are times, however, when, confronted 
by a condition and not by a theory, it is necessary 
to call attention to our situation, though the truth 
may be unpalatable. We believe that this is a day of 
warning and not a day of many words. 

The well known illustration which trie Master 
gave of the fig tree putting forth its leaves as a sign 

that summer is near seems significant today. A terse 
and vivid description of that which should follow 
the preaching of the Gospel by elders of this Church 
is found in a modern revelation recorded in Section 
88 of the Doctrine and Covenants. The testimony 
referred to has now been given the world one hun- 
dred years: 

"And after your testimony cometh wrath and indignation 
upon the people. For after your testimony cometh the testimony 
of earthquakes, that shall cause groanings in the midst of her, and 
men shall fall upon the ground and shall not be able to stand. 
And also cometh the testimony of the voice of thunderings, 
and the voice of lightnings, and the voice of tempests, and the 
voice of the waves of the sea heaving themselves beyond their 
bounds. And all things shall be in commotion; and surely, 
men's hearts shall fail them ; for fear shall come upon all people. 
And angels shall fly through the midst of heaven, crying with a 
loud voice, sounding the trump of God, saying: Prepare ye, 
prepare ye, O inhabitants of the earth; for the judgment of our 
God is come. Behold, and lo, the Bridegroom cometh, go ye 
out to meet him." 

In another revelation found in Section 45, the 
Lord says: 

"And then they shall look for me, and, behold, I will come; 
and they shall see me in the clouds of heaven, clothed with 
power and great glory, with all the holy angels; and he that 
watches not for me shall be cut off. But before the arm of the 
Lord shall fall, an angel shall sound his trump, and the saints 
that have slept shall come forth to meet me in the cloud. Where- 
fore, if ye have slept in peace blessed are you; for as you now 
behold me and know that I am, even so shall ye come unto me 
and your souls shall live, and your redemption shall be per- 
fected; and the saints shall come forth from the four quarters 
of the earth." — H. J. C. 

The Art of Leadership 

'T'O be an artist who works with colored pigments, 
blending blue and white into the softness of the 
summer sky, and transmuting paints into the gleam 
of sunshine on snow or the shadowy reflection of trees 
in limpid pool; to be a sculptor who fashions inani- 
mate lumps of clay into the likeness of a bird or 
a nymph or the President of the United States; to be 
a musician who reaches out into the realm of melody 
with sensitive antennae to find and capture soul-stir-^ 
ring harmony and rhythm; to be an engineer who 
holds in the grip of strong hands the control of a 
pulsating, powerful machine and causes it to respond 
to his touch — all these are great callings charged with 
responsibility and fraught with immeasurable poten- 
tialitiy for achievement. They call for determina- 
tion, ability, vision and capacity for work, and in the 
development of such qualities lies growth. 

To many people, lack of such artistic talent means 
lack of opportunity to live life at its fullest and best, 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 

while to many others has come and will continue to 
come the realization that there are fields on every hand 
which require consummate artistry to cultivate. One 
of these fields is that of leadership — the leadership of 
youth — and herein are needed the qualifications and 
powers of the masters of all the fine arts. The artist- 
power to blend must find and harmonize in an im- 
pressionable character blue pessimism, white decency, 
yellow unworthiness, red courage and many other 
hues which must dwell together in one soul, and try 
to eradicate the streaks which spoil the beauty of the 
whole. The sculptor-power to mould must function 
when truthfulness needs reinforcing, when generosity 
requires bolstering, when laziness demands prodding, 
and when lumps of stubbornness, irresponsibility and 
antagonism must be kneaded away. The musician- 
sense of rhythm, and the understanding of counter- 
point come forth in making lovely and successful 
adjustments among those whose various life-songs 
are to be sung together. And the engineer-touch must 
be so sensitive as to detect every rattle and squeak and 
knock which tells of irregularity and difficulty ahead. 
To be a leader of youth is to be a kind of creator, 
for new vision, new determination, new activity and 
inspiration and ambition come to life in the presence 
of real leadership. If you would be possessed of that 
talent, and increase it ten fold, you must work with 
hand and brain and heart, and all these must know 
how to turn readily and often from fun to earnest- 
ness, from laughter to quick sympathy, from hand- 
craft to discussion and from gaiety to prayer. 

Genius is not always a gift left by the fairies in 
cradles. It is sometimes a power to be acquired 
through the willingness to work and believe, to en- 
dure and pray. And in the genius of leadership are 
combined the qualities which make one not only a 
leader but a follower as well. — E. T. B. 

Unexpected Honesty 

CREQUENT reference is made to the fabulous 
sums spent by tobacco companies in their ad- 
vertising campaigns. One wonders if they are be- 
coming more honest than they were when they en- 
deavored to persuade the public that to be a great 
football or baseball player, or a slender, beautiful 
actress, certain brands of cigarettes should be used. 
One of the latest "ads" is:' "20,679 physicians say 

(here the name of the cigarette is given) , are less 
irritating." A footnote proudly calls attention to 
the fact that these figures have been checked and certi- 
fied to by a firm of public accountants. 

Of course this advertisement is an obvious admis- 
sion to the world that tobacco is irritating, and the 
only claim, it is interesting to note, which this firm 
makes is that their brand is less irritating. 

Suppose a young man applied for a position in a 
bank and presented credentials from people who 
knew him intimately reading something like this: 
"We can recommend John Doe. He is less of a 
crook than some other men." 

Probably not one of the 20,679 physicians quoted 
would dare say over his signature that tobacco is 
harmless. Such a statement would brand him as 
woefully ignorant or brazenly untruthful. — H. J. C. 

The Reading Habit 

A SWEET old man, bent with the weight of many 
^- years, once said that the most important event 
in his eventful life was the reading, as a small boy, of 
Christ's words, "Blessed are the pure in heart for they 
shall see God." 

This man read wisely and thoughtfully. 

Our prisons are full of men, and frequently some 
of them are led to the gallows, who might trace their 
downfall to the reading of some lurid or filthy tale. 

Possibly they read thoughtfully, but certainly not 

The world is full of good books. Public libraries, 
and often those privately owned, are open to him 
who thirsts for knowledge. Even in isolated com- 
munities good reading matter may usually be found 
by the earnest seeker. Through books we may have 
fellowship with the world's choicest minds, and be 
stimulated, encouraged and educated thereby. 

Unfortunately there are a multitude of books and 
magazines that are decidedly unwholesome. For the 
sake of making a few dollars, or because they delight 
in that which suggests evil, writers create stuff which 
is worse than trash, for it defiles the minds of those 
who read it. Particularly during the impressionable 
years of youth it requires very little to set in motion 
a train of thoughts which if not counteracted will 
lead to destruction. 

The matter of reading is sufficiently important that 
the Savior has given instruction thereon, both ancient- 
ly and in modern times. Addressing a multitude of 
Jews, he said: "Search the scriptures; for in them ye 
think ye have eternal life: and they are they which 
testify of me." Speaking through the Prophet Joseph 
Smith: "And as all have not faith, seek ye diligently 
and teach one another words of wisdom; yea, seek 
ye out of the best books words of wisdom; seek 
learning even by study and also by faith." 

Some find it hard to select reading matter. But 
within the range of every person's acquaintance are 
people who can give sound advice on this matter. 
That is one way by which men and women may 
"teach one another words of wisdom." — H. J. C. 


^Two Great Opportunities 

TOURING the early days of October, in Salt Lake 
*** City, the people of this intermountain country 
will be given two valuable opportunities for develop- 
ment. One is the semi-annual conference of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints which 
convenes in the Tabernacle October 3. The instruc- 
tion given there will doubtless be of a spiritual nature 
but well balanced with advice on the temporal needs 
of the community. Men divinely called, who live 
near to and understand the people and know their 
condition, will give counsel which, if heeded, will 
result in salvation, here and now, where salvation 
naturally begins, as well as exaltation in the herafter. 
The other event is the Utah State Fair. Be- 
cause of the visitors to the city at this time, the fair 
attracts many from neighboring states. One inter- 
ested in agriculture, horticulture, live stock, manu- 
facturing, etc., can hardly fail to absorb ideas of 
value by attending this exhibition. — H. J. C. 


Vol 33-41 


OCTOBER, 1930 

No. 12 

qA Guest at the 
WKite House Talks 


HAVING just returned home 
from Washington where I 

was a guest of President 
and Mrs. Herbert Hoover at the 
White House, I have been request- 
ed to write a brief description of 
my experiences. It is one of the 
most difficult things I have ever 
been asked to do and for a num- 
ber of reasons. In the first place 
I was the guest of the head of the 
greatest country on earth, and a 
guest is not supposed to talk. In 
the next place, by being a guest of 
the President and Mrs. Hoover, 
my honeymoon plans were very 
definitely changed. In the third 

Senator Reed Smoot 

place, if I gave a true expression 
of my feelings, I should undoubt- 
edly use too many superlatives. 

To appreciate my feelings as an 
honored guest of the President of 
the United States and the first lady 
of the land, you must know that 
I came to Salt Lake City as a little 
girl from England, one member 
of a family of six, my widowed 
mother having become a convert 
to the Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints. Can you imag- 
ine any little girl, coming across 
the ocean and almost the width of 
the United States as a little emi- 
grant, dreaming that she would 
ever become the wife of a senator 
of the United States, a man who 
has for many years distinguished 
himself in both nation and 
Church? Is it not beyond the 
realm of imagination for such a 
girl to see herself, with her dis- 
tinguished husband, the honored 
guest of the head of the United 
States Government? 

^7E had decided to spend our 
honeymoon on a trip to 
Hawaii. All our plans had been 
made before Senator Smoot re- 
ceived word from President Hoover 
that he might aid in combating 
an attack on the London Naval 
Treaty, a definite policy of the 
Hoover administration. The Pres- 
ident in his graciousness requested 
the Senator and myself to be guests 
at the White House. Regardless 
of that invitation, the wish of the 
President of the United States 
would have been considered a com- 

Mrs. Reed Smoot 

mand. We went as fast as possible 
and at times the two weeks there 
seem almost a dream. 

It is needless to say that every 
dignified, sweet, graceful thing 
that could be done to make our 
stay pleasant, was done. When 
we reached Washington one of the 
President's cars took us immediate- 
ly to the White House. We were 
presented to Mrs. Hoover and as- 
signed to the Rose Room suite. It 
is hardly necessary to say that 
President and Mrs. Hoover are 
probably the best educated, most 
traveled, and best read occupants 
the White House has ever had. 
While dignity marks every thing 
they do, good taste and the homely 
virtues of real Americanism are 
always apparent. To illustrate: 
The first thing President and Mrs. 
Hoover did was to give a wedding 
breakfast in our honor at which 
the only other guests present were 
the Senator's and my children. 
This breakfast was served on the 
front porch of the White House. 
It will long be remembered. Can 
you imagine the thoughtfulness 
which made the first function in 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 

our honor a sort of family affair 
which permitted us the opportu- 
nity to receive the congratulations 
and best wishes of those most dear 
to us? I shall never forget that 
breakfast and the enjoyment of 
sitting on that porch looking out 
on one of the most beautiful parks 
in the country and having come to 
my mind the thought of the dis- 
tinguished hosts and guests who 
had occupied these same places over 
many, many years of different ad- 
ministrations. Do you wonder at 
the temptation to use superlatives? 

"PHE breakfast carried into lunch- 
*■ eon, which was served for 
President and Mrs. Hoover, Sen- 
ator Smoot and myself. After 
luncheon I had a-n opportunity to 
get acquainted with the Rose 
Room suite, which is located on 
the second 
floor of the 
White House 
and consists of 
two rooms and 
bath. The 
furniture i s 
upholstered in 
rose brocaded 
satin. The 
high -back 
chairs and 
quaint old 
canopied bed 
once occupied 
by A n d r e w 
Jackson, sev- 
enth .President 
of the United 
States, are in 
this suite. The 
drapes are of 
rose satin. In 
fact practically 

everything is rose in color, even 
to the blotters and pencils upon the 
writing desk. A few pictures of 
interesting scenes are hung on the 
walls and the rooms were a veri- 
table bower of pink roses, fresh 
ones being brought each morning 
and arranged by the house attend- 

I rested until four-thirty in the 
afternoon when Mrs. Hoover en- 
tertained in my honor, and I had 
the great pleasure of meeting some 
of the most charming women in 
the United States including Mrs. 
William H. Borah of Idaho, Mrs. 
Brown, wife of the Postmaster 
General; Mrs. Dale, wife of the 
Senator from Vermont; Mrs. 
Dolly Gann, sister and hostess to 
the Vice President; Mrs. Hyde, 
wife of the Secretary of Agricul- 

ture; Mrs. Stimson, wife of the 
Secretary of State; and Mrs. Wil- 
bur, wife of the Secretary of the 

THINNERS in the White House 
^ are formal affairs. At my first 
dinner in the White House the 
program of guests was most impos- 


ing. President Hoover escorted 
me and Senator Smoot escorted 
Mrs. Hoover. During the course 
of the dinner I had the privilege of 
telling the President of some of the 
work that is being done by our 
Church and particularly by the 
Primary Association in which I 
have been interested particularly in 
our programs commemorating 
"Child Health Day." The move- 
ment to celebrate May first as 
"Child Health Day" was inaugu- 
rated by President Hoover himself. 

After dinner we were entertained 
with moving pictures of the Byrd 
expedition to the South Pole. We 
then conversed until about eleven 
o'clock when the President and 
Mrs. Hoover left, expressing pleas- 
ure that we had been guests. So 
ended the first glorious day. 

The days that followed were 
fully occupied. Luncheons and 
dinners, shopping, driving, walk- 
ing; and the best part of it was 
always being surrounded by per- 
sons of note and our loved ones. 
The memory of some of the drives 
I had with Mrs. Hoover through 
beautiful Rockcreek Park and some 

of those with 
members o f 
our families 
into Virginia 
for luncheon 
at some quaint 
and charming 
inn, will never 
leave my 
mind. There 
were days 
when I would 
go to the Sen- 
ate and meet 
Senator Smoot 
and fc a v e 
luncheon with 
him. I was 

meeting dis- 
tinguished men 
and women 
who told me 
the most pleasant things about the 
man with whom I was having a 
honeymoon. They praised his in- 
tegrity and his loyalty and mar- 
veled at his capacity for work. 

A LL this made a very great im- 
1 * pression on me, knowing that 
about twenty-eight years before 
there was a tremendous fight to 
keep the Senator from taking his 
seat — and today he is known and 
admired nationally and interna- 

The head of the greatest busi- 
ness on earth is the President of 
the United States, and he is per- 
haps the hardest worked man in 
the world. The White House is 
not only the President's residence, 
but the clearing house of every in- 
terest of importance to the hundred 
and twenty-two million people in 
the United States. One of the 
most interesting things to me was 
the perfect order in which the 
White House is administered. One 
is requested to be present at din- 
ner, is informed in advance whom 
she is going to be seated next to, 
and items which will be of com- 
mon interest are mentioned. Mrs. 
Hoover is an ideal hostess. Not a 
detail escapes her. There is no 
pretense in the White House un- 
(Continued on page 794 ) 




HE last child had been put 
bed. The last face 


washed, the last prayer said 
and the last goodnight kiss given, 
and Anna, the mother, the washer 
and the giver, sat with head bowed 
and eyes closed. She was tired! 
Every muscle in her body cried it 
as she allowed herself to relax. 
Thus she sat for a few moments 
until sleep, the mother of men, had 
almost taken her into its fold. 

Suddenly she awakened with a 
start and smiled much as a child 
smiles when he awakens on Christ- 
mas morning and remembers what 
the day holds for him. 

Anna arose from the old rock- 
ing chair and as she walked across 
the room it seemed as though all 
fatigue had left her. Her face 
shone with eagerness, hope, even 
beauty and determination. 

Anna was about to begin her 
nightly pilgrimage, to walk softly 
across the room over the worn car- 
pet, past the shabby furniture and 
into a little cream-colored room, a 
small little cream-colored room 
with a grand piano in the corner. 
This was Anna's heaven. Her 
music room! 

"The last child had been put to bed." 

It was also part of her nightly 
pilgrimage to enter that room with 
the air of a queen, to bow grace- 
fully to an imaginary audience and 
smile very sweetly. Then to sit 
at the piano and allow her fingers 
to run lightly, softly, over the 
keys. Her pilgrimage was then at 
an end! She was in the land of 
dreams. She was a princess in the 
arms of a lovely prince, she was a 
Joan of Arc, hearing voices. Grimy 
faces, hungry mouths, quarreling 
children, all were forgotten in the 
land * of make-believe that she 
created with her music. 

'T'HIS particular night as she 
-*- commenced her pilgrimage she 
knew that something was wrong. 
Her feet had a way of dragging as 
if they were too tired to take her 
body where it wanted to go. Her 
shoulders seemed to want to 
droop, her eyes to close, her hands 
to drop limply to her sides. Her 
whole body told her that she 
should lie down and rest but her 
heart and soul bade her keep on. 

A cry escaped her lips. "I must 
do it — or I can't go on," and even 
as she spoke she was bowing to 
her imaginary audience and try- 
ing to smile. But the smile was 
mechanical. Then she was at her 
piano and her fingers were push- 
ing the keys. She tried to create 
her world of make-believe but it 
would not come. 

Tonight she saw herself as she 
really was — a weary, careworn 
woman of thirty with three hun- 
gry children to feed. Not a prin- 
cess nor a Joan of Arc! She was 
nothing but a tired and discour- 
aged mother. 

Anna's fingers ceased their me- 
chanical pushing of the keys and 
as her head dropped to her breast 
she gave way to tears of anger 
and despair. 

Oh! what a fool she was. What 
a fool she had always been. She 
should be a concert pianist now! 
Oh, she would have been! Ten 
years ago she was giving small 
concerts at symphony halls. She 
had had great promise for the fu- 
ture. As she sobbed she told her- 
self that she might have been on 
a concert stage now in a rose-col- 
ored evening dress bowing to a 
real audience. She should have a 
beautiful home, a car, servants. In- 
stead — oh the irony of it. Instead 
she was nothing at all. 

As the tears coursed down her 
cheeks she reviewed her life much 
as one looks over a written manu- 
script. She saw herself as she had 
been ten years ago. Anna Sim- 
mons! Concert pianist! She had 
been beautiful then, she had loved 
life and — she had loved a tall 
young man. He had loved her, 
too. That's when the trouble had 
started — when Anna married this 
young man. Oh, he had been 
handsome enough to turn any 
girl's head. But Anna had come 
to know that he had not been 
worth the sacrifice she had made. 
He had left her when he knew 
the last little one was coming! 

XJER poor babies! Tall Jack 
with his sensitive mouth, slen- 
der Elsie with her brown curls. 
Little chubby David with his win- 
ning ways. And she had dreamed 
of so much for them and now they 
would grow up in poverty because 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 

her arms were growing tired. 
Growing tired because of the tasks 
they had to perform! She opened 
her eyes only to gaze at her rough, 
red hands. Hands that took in 
washing to support her babies, 
hands that sewed house aprons 
until they were weary! Hands that 
should be soft and white, rippling 
over ivory keys! Anna brought 
those hands down on the keys with 
a terrific bang and jumped to her 
feet. Anna, the washer woman, 
the seamstress, Anna who at one 
time had prayed that she might 
create a masterpiece that would 
thrill the hearts of humanity. She 
gave a bitter laugh. So this was 
what happened to one's career! 

A croupy cough came from the 
large room that served as dining 
room and sleeping room. A chok- 
ing, frightening cough that struck 
terror to Anna's heart! It was 
David! Her baby! 

Anna brushed the tears from 
her eyes and ran to the room. 
"David boy! David baby! Moth- 
er's coming." 

CHE forgot that she was a wash 
^ woman, a seamstress — she on- 
ly knew that her baby was ill. 

Twenty minutes later the chok- 
ing cough had ceased, the fear had 
gone from Anna's eyes and she 
was holding David in her arms 
rocking him back and forth. 

"Mummy," the little voice was 
sleepy and drowsy, "Mummy." 

"Yes, dear baby." 

"I'se tired." 
'Yes, dear, go to sleep." 

"Mummy, sing." 

"Yes, dear," and her voice 
crooned a soothing lullaby. 

The baby in her arms opened 
his eyes dreamily, sleepily. "My 
pretty mamma, my pretty mam- 
ma," and sleep captured him. 

Anna stopped rocking and 
looked at the sleeping child. "Pret- 
ty mamma." Her voice was slow 
and wondering. "Pretty mamma." 

She laid the sleeping child in his 
bed. She turned and almost ran 
to the glass. She peered at the 
face reflected therein. Pretty? Why, 
she wasn't bad looking. Her hand 
went to her dark hair and pushed 
it forward, framing her face. Her 
hair was still black and shiny. 
She gazed at her face and felt of 
her skin. Yes, there were a few 
wrinkles, but — they were actually 
becoming! And then Anna gazed 

into her own eyes. They were 
filled with tears. Tears of anger, 
of despair? No, tears of happiness. 
For Anna knew she was loved. 

She walked slowly over to where 
her three children lay sleeping. 
Through tear-filled eyes she could 
see Jack with his sensitive mouth. 
She gazed at the thin hands on 
the coverlet. Those were the 
hands of an artist! A new eager- 
ness came into her eyes. Her chil- 
dren should be what she had want- 
ed to be! Jack should play the 
piano, Elsie should play the violin 
and David should sing in a deep, 
sweet voice. They would be great. 
She would teach them! 

ANNA gazed again at the sleep- 
"**■ ing children and then sank to 
her knees. Her eyes closed and she 
lifted her head. 

"Dear God," she prayed. "For- 
give me for being so ungrateful. 
I am the most blessed of all wo- 
men. My prayers have been an- 
swered. I asked for the gift of 
music. Thou hast given me music 
from heaven — the laughter and 
song of my little ones. I asked 
that I might create a masterpiece. 
Thou hast given me three master- 
pieces upon which to work! — The 
souls of my children. Help me, 
oh help me to make them perfect!" 
and the dark head bowed. 


C/I Guest at the 

White House Talks 

(Continued from page 792) 

der its present direction. Simpli- 
city, order, graciousness prevail. 
While there we frequently had 
breakfast on the large front porch 
with the President and Mrs. Hoov- 
er and Mrs. Stark McMullan of 
Palo Alto, California, who was 
also a White House guest. After 
the first morning, when it was 
found that the Senator and I did 
not use tea or coffee, milk was 
added to the menu. And further- 
more I did not see a single woman 
smoke while I was in the White 

f-^NE of the interesting things 
V that usually followed dinner 
was the serving of new varieties 
of fresh fruit from the Burbank 
Experimental Farm of California. 
One evening I took what I thought 
was a plum and found that it con- 
tained the stone of a peach and had 
the flavor of a pear. 

Our trip to the President's 
Camp on the Rapidan River, a 
motor ride of one hundred miles 
from the White House, was of tre- 
mendous interest to me. The rea- 
son Senator Smoot and I were 
guests was that the London Naval 
Treaty was to come up at the spe- 
cial session of congress. That 
treaty had its inception when 
President Hoover and Prime Min- 
ister McDonald of Great Britain 
spent some days at the Rapidan 

Camp. With the treaty a prac- 
tically accomplished fact, Rapidan 
Camp must always be of historical 
importance, not only as a summer 
residence of the President of the 
United States, but because of the 
treaty involving the principal 
great governments of the world. 
Among those present at the Pres- 
ident's Camp while we were there 
were President and Mrs. Hoover, 
Secretary of Navy Patrick Hurley, 
Senators Allen of Kansas, Thomas 
of Idaho, Vandenburg of Mich- 
igan, and Hebart of Rhode Island; 
Commander Boon, the President's 
physician; Congresswoman Mrs. 
Rogers of Massachusetts, Mrs. 
Stark McMullan, and Mr. Wil- 
liam Wilde, noted press corres- 
pondent. Most of these guests had 
Visited Utah and Were familiar 
with the wonders of the scenery 
here. They were interested in 
asking questions and in talking 
about their experiences in this 

In concluding this article, I can 
say that in all my life I never 
met a more charming and gracious 
hostess than Mrs. Hoover. She 
is never idle; is fully alive to every- 
thing that is going on; can pick 
up a bit of fa^ncy work and carry 
out her own designs. One inter- 
esting design that I saw for a 
plaque, was from her own sketch 
of the Washington Monument in 
cherry-blossom time. 



By Alberta Huish Christensen 

50 trivial these little tasks 
That claim the hour; 
So much a part of dull necessity, 
They seem to be 
Mere finite atoms of entirety. 

And yet one can't forget — 
Alluring chair, sun-varnished in a room; 
A bowl of blossoms in a window space, 
And tiny frocks, smooth-ironed into 

The clean swept walk inviting to my door 
His welcome step — his smile that mutely 

Are they so trivial, these little tasks? 




By Gladys Hendrickson 

WHEN you are gone 
And I'm alone 
I think of you. 

I live again 

The happy hours, 

The skies of blue. 

The crooning winds, 
The sudden showers 
That strike the grass 
And drench the road, 
But quickly pass — 

Raindrops that catch 
A ray of sun, 
Gold in the heart 
Of every one. 

Tall, nodding, trees, 
A camp fire's gleam, 
Bare granite peaks 
A sparkling stream. 

These are the things 
I dwell upon 
When I'm alone — 
When you are gone. 

Silver Gleams 

By Linnie Fisher Robinson 

TALL lilies in my garden take 
A frailer beauty from the night, 

And sway toward me in the peace 
Of gentle breeze and mystic light. 

The columbine now has the charm 
Of one grown in a fairy land, 

Petunias climb to greet a rose 
That borders on a silver strand. 

The space of lawn is velvet draped 
In darker hues and daisy shod ; 

The sky is close with placid brow 
And calmly views a silver sod. 



.NOTHER Autumn is here, 
marking the close of the first year 
of "Era" poetry and the dawn of a 
new one. The plan of devoting an 
entire page to one author has be- 
come increasingly difficult in the 
face of the great number of lovely 
bits which continue to appear un- 
der the names of more or less fa- 
miliar writers. Take those on this 
very page — a touch of homely phil- 
osophy; a wish and the thrill of 
trees; a glimpse of old Spain, and 
the patter of raindrops; memories 
and gleams of silver — these put in- 
to life new meaning and new charm. 

The heart-warming part about 
poetry is that it says for us the 
things which we, inarticulate, have 
been unable to say for ourselves. 


By Grace Ingles Frost 

T) AINDROPS — hear them singing, 

JL\ singing to the grass! 

Like tiny silver elfin wings they tap against 
the glass 

Of latticed panes land skylight; they pat- 
ter on stone walks, 

And flit and flirt with blossoming del- 
phiniums and phlox, 

Zinnias and baby breath, hollyhocks and 

And leave a mist like diamond dew on all 
the gay-clad posies. 

Raindrops kiss the rippling leaves and 
weave themselves in fancies 

Of little, gleaming fairy forms doing weird 
dances ; 

They dive into the pool or brook and 
magic circles fling, 

And leave with a reviving touch every 
growing thing; 

Then, with tiptoeing, twinkling feet, they 
all too fleetly pass, 

But leave their print of loveliness be- 
hind them on the grass. 


By Joseph Hebec Smart 

WHAT are the things that thrill me? 
The lonely majesty of trees, — 
A partridge drumming to his mate, 
The cattle lowing at the gate, 
The mists that from far pastures rise, 
A rift of blue through rain-drenched skies, 
The swallows' last mysterious flight 
Into the spreading web of night, 
The breath of laurel on the air, 
White roads that reach to anywhere. 
But more than all the rest of these, 
The lonely majesty of trees. 

Roof Tiles from Spain 

By Grace McKinstry 

npHEY look so old, so dull, in scattered 
X piles 

Around that building rising from the 
You wonder why men brought them 
countless miles 
To roof a structure in a rich, new land. 
Docs not this land of ours make strong, 
new tiles 
Unfaded, smooth? But dream, and un- 
Dream that beyond each tile you see the 
At work in Soain, some century gone 
Who formed it — artist, more than artisan: 
He molded its soft curve across his 
And when the firing followed, rose and tan 
Became the dull clay, — pleasing to his 

Dream that a peaceful convent there in 

Was sheltered by these very tiles you 

That patient nuns, to whom all pomp 

was vain, 
Beneath them made the cross and bent 

the knee. 
Or, if you will, dream of a scene less plain, 
Proud Dons, and old Seville's gaiety. 

Dream how the colors grew more soft 
and deep 
As centuries of rain and sun and mist 
Enriched the tiles, and made the tone they 
A blended russet, green, and amethyst; 
Now time's own roughness makes the sun- 
beams leap 
To catch the color in each groove and 

America has her own yesterday 

Close-linked with Spain — arid in these 
." rushing hours 
She can look back a moment, smile and 

■ say, : < ■ 

"Once came De Leon to the Land of 

Old ■tiles; — her romance comes again to 

Wherever they shall guard her roofs and 



By Ardyth M. Rennelly 

TF I were to die now, 

x Tonight, in my sleep, 

I should want to remember 

The moon. 

I should want to remember 

The feel of the wind. 

And more than anything else 

I should want to remember 

Your hair, in the sun — 

Then I should not mind 

The loneliness of long winters — . 


Neighbor Anne 



fAN' sakes, Seth! 
There you set, an now Bat's 
gobbled up my bread rolls!" ex- 
claimed Anne Tompkins in de- 
spairing reproach. Her husband, 
absorbed in his mail order journal, 
had failed to note the entrance of 
the ravenous pup. 

"Didn't see the brute," he 
drawled. "Reg'lar boa-constrictor, 
ain't he?" 

"I must have left the door to 
the lean-to open as I went out, an' 
he was in that quick an' got 'em 
off the chair near the range. Hurry, 
Seth, an' give him a dose of medi- 
cine before those rolls begin to 
swell. Oh, what will we do if 
anything happens to Miranda's 
white bull terrier?" 

Once again ensconced in his easy 
rocker by the kitchen window, 
Seth grumbled: "Don't see why 
you had to take the whole Hunt 
menagerie. That blame parrot of 
hers wakes me at 6 a. m. with its 
Til tell the world!' That dog 
chewed up one of my best boots — 
and you spend hours night and 
morning feeding the animals." 

"Why, Seth Tompkins!" said 
Anne, vigorously kneading anoth- 
er batch of rolls. "You know 
I always take care of Miranda 
Hunt's pets when she goes away. 
She pays, for their feed, so we 
shouldn't complain. Of course 
there is a lot of 'em, — the magpie, 
Poll the parrot, Silverlegs the cat 
and Battling Nelson the dog." 

"Hain't you forgotten some? 
And — is it appreciated? No, the 
more we do for folks, the less they 
do for us." Seth never failed to 
include himself in Anne's neigh- 
borly deeds. 

"Now, Seth," soothed his wife, 
"you know we don't do any more 
than we should." 

OETH'S mouth tight- 
ened as he bent over his magazine. 
For the thirty years of their mar- 
ried life everyone ill or in trouble 
in the small mining town had 
come to Anne for comfort or help. 

"Lan' sakes, Seth!" 

Still, whenever Seth looked at 
Anne he grudgingly admitted that, 
somehow, >his wife had thrived 
upon her neighbors' imposition. 
Though she was nearing fifty, no 
silver threads were visible in her 
soft brown hair. Her small body 
was plump and straight; her cheeks 
were rosy, and her eyes bright. At 
that very minute, she was hum- 
ming a gay little tune. Well, wo- 
men had to have someone to fuss 
over. Things might have been 
different if their boy had lived — 
then, Anne wouldn't have found 
time for those pesky neighbors and 
their pets. But, bless her heart, 
Anne was the best woman in the 
world. She loved neighbors, an- 
imals and flowers, and — wonder 
of wonders — she loved Seth 
Tompkins, who was no beauty 
nor saint nor great success. He was 
just a big, fat, bald-headed old 
man, often grouchy, and perfectly 
satisfied with his clerkship in a 
small town grocery and general 
merchandise store. 

The next day, Anne hung out 
an unusually large washing for 
there had been boarding visitors 
that week. At luncheon, even 
Seth noted the weary look of the 
little woman seated beside him. 

"Now, Anne, you just lay 
down for a spell, and I'll do the 
dishes before I go to the store," 
he said, as he arose and filled the 

"No, Seth, thank you — there's 
only a few. I won't have you 
putterin' around." Anne was a 
fussy housekeeper and Seth never 
did wipe the dishes clean. 

Slipping on a ki- 
mono, she was preparing to take 
Seth's advice and rest for awhile, 
when through the white-curtained 
window she saw the angular figure 
of her neighbor down the street 
climbing the wooden stairway that 
led to the Tompkins' cottage. Like 
all the houses of the mining town, 
it was perched perilously on the 
slope of the steep hillside. 

Anne was tempted not to an- 
swer the knock, but Mrs. Bench 
bounced in, barely tapping the 
door, feeling certain that Anne was 
at home. 

"You're so handy, Mrs. Tomp- 
kins," she said breathlessly, as she 
began to unwrap the package she 
held in one hand. "I jest come 
to see if you could help me cut 
out this dress for Matilda. I guess 
I got a five yard pattern for four 
yards of cloth." 

Anne belted herself in with an 
apron, put on her glasses, and pro- 
ceeded to puzzle out how to make 
the scant cloth do what was ex- 
pected of it. 

She finally cut the pattern to 
their mutual approval, but Jane 
Bench was in no hurry to go. 

"You don't mind, Mrs. Tomp- 
kins, if I stay and use your ma- 
chine? Your machine's new, and 
there's so much noise to home — 
seems as if I could get more done 
here than there." Hardly waiting 
for Anne's assent, she was soon 
treadling with energy. She talked 
and talked, her voice rising stri- 
dently above the whir of the sew- 
ing machine. 


'UT of doors in the 
slanting square that the Tomp- 
kins' called their front yard, Bat 
the pup began to bark without in- 
termission. His banquet of bread 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


rolls the day before did not lessen 
his loud hatred of strangers. 

"Well, I do declare if that ain't 
Rosa Cappolini coming here!" 
shouted Mrs. Bench, peering out of 
the window. 

Anne heaved an inward sigh. 
Her head ached and the last pros- 
pect of an afternoon nap had fled. 

'Yes, I wonder if she's got an- 
other hand painted pillow top she 
wants to raffle off, or maybe she'd 
like an old hat or suit for one of 
the little Cappolinis. Well, If 
Rosa only knew it, talking to Bat 
makes him bark the more. Guess 
I'll have to go call him." 

Anne shortly ushered in the 
stout, dark-faced woman who was 
quite out of breath from trying to 
evade the dog and climb the steep 
stairs at the same time. Before 
her departure, Anne had rum- 
maged through closet and rag bag 
and given her a large bundle of 
old clothing. 

A few moments later, the tele- 
phone bell trilled faintly above the 
din of the sewing machine. 

"Hello — hello—. Yes, Aman- 
da, I'll take him. All right, bring 
him over tomorrow at two 

'You don't mean to say you're 
goin' to take care of that Treweek 
youngster!" Jane Bench still 
screamed, though she had quit 
sewing for a moment. "Why, he's 
the crossest and most colicky baby 
in town!" 

'Yes, he ain't very strong, bless 
his heart! You know I helped 
bring! him into the world, an' 
Amanda hasn't any folks she can 
leave him with — an' she does need 
to get out to a movie once in a 
while — poor young thing!" 

"Well, I give you up, Anne 
Tompkins, catch me bein' so ac- 
commodatin' to anyone that never 
done me a good turn." She evi- 
dently did not include herself in 
this category. 

talker— soon he had taken orders 
for his wares from the two wo- 


time Bat failed to announce an ar- 
rival, again there was a summons 
at the door. Anne opened it to a 
tall youth, well dressed in tweeds. 
He was selling aluminum cooking 
utensils. The bull-terrier, usually 
the arch enemy of canvassers, was 
nuzzling his soft black nose in the 
young man's hand. This aston- 
ishing fact as well as his appear- 
ance appealed to Anne, and she al- 
lowed him to come in. A good 


"I guess I've climbed miles to- 
day," he half -sighed, as he packed 
his pots and pans. "I'm glad all 
the towns aren't built like this 

"Do let me make you a glass 
of lemonade," urged Anne. "It'll 
rest you." 

'Thank you, madam, I believe 
it would," he replied and reseated 

"By the way," he remarked to 
Mrs. Bench after Anne left the 
room, could you tell me the name 
of Mrs. Tompkins' next door 

"Oh, there ain't much use callin' 
on Mirandy Hunt," shouted Jane 
Bench who had resumed her sew- 
ing. "She'll shut the door in your 
face like as not. She's always sayin' 
that the more she sees of men the 
better she likes dogs." 

The boy laughed. "A sort of 
hermit woman, eh? But why is 
she so hard on us men?" 


lNNE coming in 
with the liquid, answered him. 
"Well, Mrs. Hunt hain't had good 
luck with men-folks. Her hus- 
band never made a livin,' so she 
come out here from Boston and 
kept a miners' boardin' house. 
Then after Mr. Hunt died some of 
the mining shares he'd bought 
with her money turned out fine 
an' left her well off. An' before 
that, her only nephew who she 
raised an' set great store by run 
away, an' she hain't heard from 
him since. Guess she was pretty 
strict with him, still she can't help 

feelin' he was very ungrateful. But 
I mustn't talk about folks behind 
their backs — she's out o' town. 
Miranda has a good, warm heart, 
an' she shows it by her kindness 
to animals — this is her dog, Bat. 
She named him Battling Nelson, 
'cause he's such a scrapper." 

"Yes," added Mrs. Bench, "she 
sure has enough pets, just a mag- 
pie, a parrot, a cat an' dog — that's 

"Well, she can't be lonely," 
said the young man. "Did you 
say her name was Miranda Hunt? 
I should like to meet her — but I 
must be going. That was deli- 
cious, Mrs. Tompkins. I thank 
you for your kindness. If I am 
unable to deliver your goods per- 
sonally, they will be sent collect 
by parcel post from the factory. 
Will Mrs. Hunt be at home soon?" 

"No," replied Anne," not for 
several days. Anyhow, there's no 
use callin' on her, young man, even 
if you are a good talker." 

"Well, it's a feather in my cap 
when I can sell to people like her." 
There was a determined ring to 
his words. 

Anne watched him as he went 
down the steep wooden steps, car- 
rying his heavy suitcase of samples. 
Strong and handsom* — a fine lad 
making his way in the world with- 
out any help. Little Seth would 
have been just his age — she 
brushed her hand across her eyes, 
and closed the door. 

'You shouldn't have told him 
Mirandy wasn't to home," said 
Mrs. Bench. "Lots of these ped- 
dlers are jest burglars in disguise. 
He seemed so curious, too, about 
Mirandy. And it was kind of 
suspicious the way he made friends 
with her dog." 

"I know that young man is all 
right," firmly declared Anne. 



t ER neighbor stayed 
all afternoon. Anne hoped that 
Mrs. Bench would leave before 
Seth came home for she knew he 
thoroughly disliked this gossip- 
loving woman. But when he ar- 
rived, Mrs. Bench was still there. 
She needed no urging to stay to 
the evening meal. 

As the three were seated at the 
table and Mrs. Bench was praising 
Anne's pineapple marmalade, an 
unearthly sound rent the air. 

"Gracious, what's that?" ejac- 
ulated Mrs. Bench. 

"Oh, that's Silverlegs, Miran- 
(Continued on page 842) 

Fathers and Sons, as Steadfast as the Surrounding Mountains 


Canada and the 

B y frank c steele Ckurch Centennial 

THE greatest Fathers and 
Sons' outing in the history 

of the world." 

This was the unqualified declar- 
ation of Oscar A. Kirkham, ex- 
ecutive secretary of the Y. M. M. 
I. A., and internationally known 
boy leader, in his opening address 
at the remarkable Church Centen- 
nial father-son celebration of the 
Canadian stakes held early in Au- 
gust, 1930. More than 1,300 at- 
tended the bonfire ceremonial on 
the opening night of the camp and 
this number had grown to 1,500 
when a new fellowship between 
lads and dads was pledged at the 
campfire the second night. 

The outing far exceeded all an- 
ticipations. It was big, distinc- 
tive, far-reaching. Into the heart 
of the Canadian Rockies on Pass 
creek, Waterton National park, 
gathered this vast assemblage of 
Latter-day fathers and sons. Every 
ward in the three Canadian stakes 
was represented. The site selected 
was ideal, with majestic moun- 
tains, clothed with deep verdure, 
encircling the camp. Pass creek, 

crystal clear and cold, rushes 
through the valley and on its banks 
near the camp were found several 
springs. These supplied the camp- 
ers with an abundance of water. A 
large clearing, sheltered and grassy, 
with groves of pines and aspens 
affording shade during the day, 
provided ideal camping space. In 
the center of the camp rose the 
Union Jack and at intervals along 
the lines of tents fluttered gaily 
the stake flags and the colors of the 
various Boy Scout troops repre- 

p ONTRIBUTING leadership 
^ and inspiration to the camp 
with Oscar A. Kirkham, was W. 
O. Robinson, field secretary of the 
Y. M. M. I. A. of Salt Lake City. 
Much of the success of the tri-stake 
project was due to their studied 
guidance and experience. Dr. C. 
M. Fletcher, Boy Scout leader ol 
the Lethbridge stake, was elected 
camp director and the outing was 
singularly free from accidents, sick- 
ness or breaches of camp regula- 
tions. There was no profanity 

heard and no smoking or drinking 
noticed in that large group. The 
days and nights passed delight- 
fully, happily and all too swiftly. 
The fine morale in the camp was 
commended by Wilfred Backman, 
field secretary of the Boy Scouts of 
Alberta, who was a guest at camp 
headquarters for the two full days 
the fathers and sons were under 

A significant international touch 
was introduced the second night 
when Oscar Kirkham presented 
Scout Chief Backman with a little 
silk flag, the Stars and Stripes, car- 
ried by that great American Scout, 
our executive secretary, from the 
World Scout Jamboree at Birken- 
head. This prized flag was given as 
a symbol of the love and goodwill 
of the Boy Scouts of America for 
their brother scouts in Alberta. In 
replying, Mr. Backman accepted 
the flag on behalf of the Boy 
Scouts of Alberta and assured the 
gathering that it would be treas- 
ured at Scout headquarters in Ed- 

The campfire programs were 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


supplied by the different stakes, 
stake Presidents Wood, Allen and 
Palmer making happy contribu- 
tions. These huge bonfires, cli- 
maxing the day's activities, were 
held in a natural amphitheatre not 
unlike an ancient Greek theatre, 
and the hymns and songs swelling 
from hundreds of hearts echoed for 
miles through the canyons and 
crags of the high Rockies. A tes- 
timony profound it was that the 
youth of the Church in Canada 
will carry on. 

tiful Red Rock canyon, was one 
of the many thrilling experiences 
of the outing. When the fathers 
and sons reached a lovely meadow 
far up the mountain side, President 
Palmer of the Lethbridge stake 
gave an interesting talk on the 
geology of the Rocky Mountain 
region, the mountains themselves 
providing the laboratory. 

Another feature of the celebra- 
tion, sponsored by the Y. M. M. 
I. A., preceding the hike to the 
hills, was the marking of an histor- 
ical spot at Cardston, first settle- 
ment of the Latter-day Saints in 
Canada. This interesting cere- 
mony, commemorative of the 
landing of the vanguard of the 
"Mormon" pioneers to Canada led 
by the late President Charles Ora 
Card 43 years ago, was held on 
the temple square at Cardston in 
the presence of hundreds from the 
three stakes. Each ward of the 
three stakes brought a stone to be 
used in the building of the memo- 
rial to the pioneers. Many docu- 
ments, relics and records were 
placed in a unique marble box, 
which was deposited in the foun- 
dation of the cairn. 

These historical events in the 
life of the Church in Canada recall 
the important contribution the 
dominion of Canada has made to 
the rise and growth of the Church 
in this dispensation. At a critical 
hour in the early history of the 
Church, the Lord revealed to the 
Prophet Joseph Smith that in mis- 
sionary work abroad lay the means 
of salvation. 

* T was toward Great Britain that 
•*• the eyes of the prophet were 
turned but it was through Britain's 
New World colony, Canada — now 
grown to full nationhood in the 
great British Commonwealth — 
that the fruitful contact in the 
British Isles was established. 

At the time of the organization 

President Heber S. Allen Depositing the Relics 

of the Church in 1830 the domin- 
ion was divided into Upper and 
Lower Canada. Lower Canada 
or Quebec was largely populated 
by French-Canadians and Upper 
Canada by English-speaking set- 
tlers many of whom were of 
United Empire Loyalist stock, men 
and women who, through loyalty 
to the British connection, had mi- 
grated to Canada at the time of the 
American Revolutionary war. It 
was a frontier country where 
sturdy pioneers were hewing out 
of the wilderness a home for them- 
selves and their children. 

Into this new land came the first 
message of the Gospel three years 
after the organization of the 
Church. In 1833 Orson Pratt, a 
young man in his early twenties 

and a recent convert, journeyed in- 
to Canada as a missionary, for the 
spirit of missionary work had 
rested upon him even from the 
hour he inquired of the Lord as to 
his duty in the Church in 1830, 
which supplication brought an 
answer through the Prophet Jo- 
seph comprising Section 34 of the 
Doctrine and Covenants in which 
the Lord exhorts Orson to "Lift 
up your voice and spare not, for 
the Lord God hath spoken; there- 
fore prophesy, and it shall be 
given by the power of the Holy 

T N the fall of that year Canada 
-*- received a visit from none other 
than the young prophet himself 
who with Sidney Rigdon sounded 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 

the Gospel message in Upper Can- 

Meetings were held at Brant- 
ford, Mount Pleasant, Colborn, 
,Waterford, and other places where 
some success was obtained. At 
Mount Pleasant in particular the 
new Gospel, the new revelation, 
moved many honest hearts and on 
Sunday, October 27, Orson bap- 
tized twelve and others were 
"deeply impressed, and desired 
another meeting." At this meet- 
ing, held on the Monday in the 
evening, the baptized believers were 
confirmed members of the Church 
and given the Holy Ghost by the 
laying on of hands. The sacra- 
ment was administered and the 
Spirit of the Lord made manifest 
in great power. Tenderly, and 
prayerfully, the prophet writes in 
his journal: "O God, establish 
thy word among this people. * * * 
May God carry on his work in this 
place till all shall know him." Be- 
fore turning their steps again to- 
ward Kirtland, headquarters of the 
Church at that time, F. A. Nicker- 
son was ordained an elder and at 
this service one of the sisters re- 
cently baptized and confirmed en- 
joyed the gift of tongues "which 
made the saints rejoice exceed- 

"TTHE work commenced by these 
early messengers of "Mormon- 
ism" to Canada was richly added 
upon in 1836 by Elder Parley P. 
Pratt who traveled to the city of 
Toronto preaching with marked 
success. The field was "ripe with 
the harvest" and among the con- 
verts made by this zealous mission- 
ary was John Taylor, a Methodist 
preacher, and truly a man of des- 
tiny for he later became a mem- 
ber of the council of the twelve 
apostles and after the migration 
of the Church to Utah succeeded 
Brigham Young to the exalted of- 
fice of president of the Church. 

Years passed and the Church, 
following the martyrdom of the 
Prophet Joseph and the Patriarch 
Hyrum Smith, was driven into the 
wilderness, the destination of the 
harassed Church being the Rocky 
Mountain region as had been fore- 
told by the prophet. It may be 
interjected here that at the assassi- 
nation of Joseph Smith at Carth- 
age, 111., the Canadian apostle, 
John Taylor, was associated with 
his leader, being wounded four 
times by the bullets fired from the 
muskets of the ruffians. The 
woimH did not prove ' fatal and 

John Taylor, destined as he was 
to play a further and foremost role 
in the rise of the Church in the 
valleys of the mountains, moved 
with the Saints to the west there 
to assist in their establishment and 
subsequent expansion. 

Mention has already been made 
that Elder John Taylor succeeded 
President Brigham Young as pres- 
ident of the Church, and it is an 
interesting coincidence that seven 
years after the Canadian apostle 
succeeded to the high office of pres- 
idency in Utah, 1887, a party of 
"Mormon" pioneers headed by the 
late Charles Ora Card of Cache 
Valley established a settlement for 
the Saints in the southwest corner 
of Alberta, Canada. That settle 
ment was Cardston on Lee's creek, 
now shadowed by the white, noble 
walls of the Alberta Temple, 
symbol of the strength and per- 
manency of the Church in the 
Dominion of Canada. 

companions were sent north to 
select a gathering place for the 
Saints in Canada. That was in 
the fall of 1886. They traveled 
through Washington, Oregon and 
British Columbia, but when their 
eyes surveyed the country between 
the Montana line and the little, 
straggling settlement of Coalbanks 
(now Lethbridge) they soon came 
to a decision. This was the place 
for the new colonies, the expansive, 
grass-clad prairies, the richness of 
the soil, the abundance of water, 
and the hospitable welcome serving 
to support that decision of their 
beloved leader. Then, it is pos- 
sible that the nearby Rockies, 
thrusting their snow-tipped peaks 
into the clouds, recalled their 
mountain home seven hundred 
miles to the south and the promises 
made by the prophets of God that 
Zion should be established in the 
mountains and "exalted above the 

After President Card and his as- 
sociates had made their report to 
the First Presidency m Salt Lake 
City, he and other representatives 
of the Church returned to Canada 
and selected the present site of 
Cardston as the first center for set- 
tlement. In June, 1887, Presi- 
dent Card and his family and a 
party of forty others landed at 
Cardston and June 5 of that year 
the first religious service was held 
in a tent. When the Alberta Stake 
of Zion was organized Charles Ora 
Card became its president and as 

such he was the wise and forceful 
leader in the building of towns and 
villages, schools and churches, mills 
and business enterprises in this new 
gathering place for the Saints. 
The building of a canal by the Al- 
berta Railway and Irrigation 
Company through the "Mormon 
country" served as an impetus to 
immigration from Utah and 
Idaho, the Latter-day Saints from 
those states being offered land in 
exchange for labor in the building 
of this reclamation project. 

In 1901 the late "Uncle" Jesse 
Knight of Provo and his two sons 
purchased in Southern Alberta one 
and a half townships of land on 
which they ranged six thousand 
steers and in the fall of the same 
year fifty-four thousand head of 
sheep were brought in from Mon- 
tana by them, they being the first 
to undertake sheep raising on a 
large scale in Alberta, now the 
leading sheep producing province 
of the dominion. Jesse Knight 
later acquired 325,000 acres of 
virgin prairie land from the Al- 
berta Railway and Irrigation Com- 
pany and founded the town of 
Raymond, named for his son, who 
still resides there. In 1902 the 
Knight Sugar Company was 
formed and a sugar factory was 
built at Raymond, the new sugar 
industry resulting in scores of addi- 
tional L. D. S. families from Utah 
and Idaho migrating northward to 
the new settlements. 

^ chairman of the International 
Joint Commission and former 
member of parliament, says of the 
"Mormon" colonists and Jesse 
Knight in particular in his book, 
"Canada's Growth:" 'They have 
done good work in Southern Al- 
berta. One of the finest charac- 
ters I have ever met was Jesse 
Knight, a very prominent mining 
operator in Utah, a modest gen- 
tleman, strong in his faith, who 
paid his tithes, no inconsiderable 
amount, to his Church. He came 
to Southern Alberta with his two 
sons and accomplished what few 
men would attempt. He estab- 
lished a beet sugar factory at a 
cost of half a million dollars on 
the open prairie without any sup- 
porting settlement." 

The stakes in Canada have 
shown steady growth as also has 
the missionary work in the do- 
minion. The Saints are at peace 
with their neighbors and face the 
future with faith and confidence. 

A Spiritual Philosophy of Life 

Dean of the School of Education, University of Utah 


c Ihe Ethical Functions of the State 

What Is the Nature of the State, and How Is It 
Related to Other Social Institutions? 

THE state is the 
most universal of 
all social institu- 
tions, in that an indi- 
vidual in a civilized 
community is bound to 
come within the juris- 
diction of some state. 

While this is generally true of the of them functions heretofore per- 
family, there are even children who formed either by the family or by 
are without family connections, the church, sometimes performed 

Why May the Major Functions of the State Be 
Classified as Spiritual? 

In What Directions and by What Means Are the 
Functions of the State Destined to Grow? 

tion to 

made to include much 
of the other functions 
of government here list- 
ed. There is now, even 
in the platforms of the 
major political parties, 
little disposition to 
withhold full recogni- 
all the functions here 

and adults who outlive their child- 
hood family associations and fail 
to make new ones. In case of the 
state, however, it cannot be out- 
lived or outgrown. An individ- 
ual who may wish to escape its 
jurisdiction can only transfer to 
another one equally binding. 

In many ancient and medieval 
states the functions of the various 
social institutions were not definite- 
ly segregated, and, in some instan- 
ces, church and state were not 
differentiated at all. Thus even the 
primitive state had many spiritual 
functions. One of the most not- 
able examples of this was the an- 
cient Hebrew State in Palestine. 
The Mosaic Law was the law of 
both state and church. The state 
exercised the usual compulsory 
powers over its citizens, a power 
which characterizes all political 
government; this power was often 
used to uphold religious and moral 
ideals set up by the state-church 

well, but often much neglected or 
not attended to at all. These func- 
tions are being taken over by the 
state as the only guarantee that 
they will be performed whenever 
and wherever needed. Thus the 
state is returning in some measure 
to its more ancient functions, but 
on a higher plane of service, and 
generally apart from the super- 
natural and sectarian elements of 

A concise, yet comprehensive, 
statement of the functions of the 
state is given by J. A. Leighton 
as follows: 

"The State is," as Aristotle finely said, 
"a body of citizens united in pursuit of 
the common good. The ethical function 
of the State is to be the guardian of the 
ethical interests involved in the other social 
institutions; in the family, private prop- 
erty, community, vocation, church, edu- 
cation, and the various voluntary associa- 
tions. It is the indispensable umpire in 
internal conflicts. The State exists to pro- 
mote the good life by public acts." 1 

Th XERCISE of police powers is, 
of course, essential to the exist- 
ence of the state as well as to the 
security of its citizens in their 
lives, liberties, and lawful posses- 
sions. These are to the state what 
food, clothing, and shelter are to 
the family, conditions necessary 
for the attainment of spiritual val- 
ues. The promotion of economic 
interests is a further development 
of the function of protecting the 
citizens in their possessions; it 
helps them to increase their pos- 
sessions, individually and collect- 
ively, and therefore, to (have a 
better basis for attaining cultural 
or spiritual values, which is the 
ultimate and the most fundamen- 
tal purpose both of the state and 
of the individual. 

What Are Some of These 
Cultural Values? 

The generally recognized func- p, NE of the most widd . 

tions i of the state may be roughly W nized and universall ht 

\\7ITH the separation of church classified as (I) exercise of police is education, now long established 

powers, (2) promotion of eco- with progress i ve pe0 ples as a ma- 
nomic interests, (3) development 
of cultural interests. While there 
have been leaders in American po- 
litical thought who would, in 
theory at least, have restricted the 
activities of government to exer- 

rise of police powers, these same fa^xTS patron ' saint orAmVri- 

leaders, in practice, were willing to cans who would Hmit the func . 

extend the police powers to such tions of the government, was es- 

dency on the part of the most an ext ent that these powers were pec iaHy proud of his authorship 

progressive states to develop more 1The Individual and the Socid Qrder> of the bill creating the public 

and more spiritual functions, many p . 23. D. Appleton 8 Co., New York, school system of Virginia, and also 

** and state there was manifest 
a disposition to leave human spir- 
itual aims in large measure to the 
church, while the state concerned 
itself with what was conceived to 
be strictly secular matters, the ex- 
ercise of the police power in the 
narrower sense of that term. For 
at least a generation now, how- 
ever, there has been a growing ten- 

jor function of the state. The 
large sums of money expended for 
education by the state and its sub- 
divisions is proof of this, but, in 
itself, no reason for reduction of 
these expenditures. Thomas Jef- 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 

proud to be recognized as founder 
of the University of Virginia. 

All American states are now, 
apparently, unequivocally commit- 
ted to the policy of supporting 
public educational institutions 
from kindergarten to university. 
Not only do states provide op- 
portunities to all children and 
youths who can and will take 
advantage of them, but they have 
also, through public libraries, gov- 
ernment bulletins, and other 
means, long besen committed to 
public support, in some degree, 
of adult education. It is now pre- 
dicted that general extension of 
public education for adults will 
be the next great movement in 
this field. Some auxiliary phases 
of education, not always recog- 
nized as such, should not be passed 
without mention. Among these 
are juvenile courts with all of 
their accessories, certain types of 
community clinics, public social 
welfare departments, research bu- 
reaus, art galleries, public recreation 
departments, including athletic, 
dramatic, and musical activities; 
all of- these have for their direct 
object the realization of higher 
spiritual values and the more gen- 
eral diffusion of such values among 
the masses of the people. 

Why May These Functions of 

the State lie Classified 

as Spiritual? 

D ECAUSE all the educational or 
cultural activities here named 
have to do primarily with develop- 
ing non-material values. These, 
in philosophy, are classified as spir- 
itual; such non-perishable values 
are in fact the ultimate goal of all 
state activity. Any state will live 
as a significant factor in the his- 
tory of civilization only in propor- 
tion to its contribution to the 
spiritual possessions of mankind. 
Compare, for instance, the relative 
place in history of the most rich 
and powerful ancient Oriental na- 
tions with that of the small city 
states of Greece or with the eco- 
nomically and politically insignifi- 
cant Hebrew nation in Palestine. 
It may be well here to take the 
precaution of noting that a state is 
not to be regarded as identical with 
its government at any particular 
time. It is more nearly correct 
to identify the state with the life 
of its people as a political unit. 
It is in this sense that the ancient 

Greek and Hebrew states outshine 
and will outlive their materially 
powerful rivals. The material 
productions of the Oriental states 
have, for the most part, long since 
perished; the spiritual productions 
of Greece and Palestine have been 
dominant factors in moulding the 
best in western civilization. The 
preeminent influence of the ancient 
Greek and Hebrew nations bids 
fair to continue indefinitely. These 
historic facts have at [this time 
great significance for American cit- 
izens who are influential in 
moulding the future of America. 
Her vast wealth and economic 
power, of which many Americans 
boast and flaunt their wealth de- 
fiantly in face of an impoverished 
old world, will surely perish in 
course of time. It is only the 
spiritual contribution that America 
can make to civilization that will 
endure and give her a worthy place 
in history. Just now the call for 
spiritual gifts from America — gifts 
which she is abundantly able to 
give— relate especially to the devel- 
opment of the ideals and the prac- 
tice of justice, not only within her 
own borders, but in her relations 
with all other nations. Is she 
willing to set aside her power to 
secure her desired ends by might, 
and to submit her international 
problems to an international court 
of justice on a par with the eco- 
nomically poorest nation? The 
community of nations are now 
calling upon America, not merely 
for fine words — words that may 
be subject to a multiplicity of 
interpretations, — but for fine, no- 
ble deeds. America's answer to 
these calls will in large measure 
determine whether her fundamen- 
tal aims are of the imperishable 
spiritual sort, or whether she is 
selfishly materialistic as she is in 
some world circles reputed to be. 

TN AMERICAN domestic admin- 
istration there are widespread 

J. HE author of this series is not 
without practical experience in this 
field, having served as a local health 
officer, chairman of a town board 
of trustees, member of the State 
Board of Education, of the State 
Textbook Commission, the State 
Course of Study Commission, and 
as chairman of the first Utah State 
Welfare Commission, also as chair- 
man of the Social Welfare League 
of Salt Lake, 1920-1930. 

evidences of progress in at least 
some phases of justice. Social leg- 
islation in the various states has 
been a marked characteristic of the 
Twentieth Century. Such legis- 
lation has generally been upheld 
by the courts, notwithstanding an- 
cient legal precedents to the con- 
trary. Enlightened judges are com- 
ing more and more to base their 
decisions upon social facts and hu- 
man needs, rather than upon mere 
tradition. It is because of this 
changed attitude of the American 
public, reflected in legislation and 
court decisions, that many social 
laws are now in successful opera- 
tion, laws that protect the lives 
and the health of laborers in in- 
dustry, women in employment 
outside the home, and minors 
against any kind of employment 
that may be a serious detriment 
to their development. The gen- 
eral principle underlying this type 
of state action is that every mem- 
ber of the state shall be protected 
and respected as an end in himself; 
that none shall be sacrificed as a 
means to material gain. These 
activities of the state may, then, 
also be classified as spiritual func- 

Closely allied to these functions, 
in spirit and purpose are hospitals 
for patients having either mental 
or physical diseases. The states' 
activities in establishing such hos- 
pitals are on the increase; not that 
the state is attempting to drive 
the church and private charity out 
of this business, but because fa- 
cilities thus provided are inade- 
quate. It is the purpose of the 
state to see that these facilities are 
available to all in need, and that 
none shall be denied such service 
because of inability to pay. Add 
to this widows' pensions, old age 
pensions, state insurance, and pub- 
lic orphanages, and it becomes at 
once evident that the state is a rap- 
idly growing and very much alive 
institution. The justice now ad- 
ministered by the state has ceased 
to be cold, the eye for an eye and 
tooth for a tooth variety. The 
state is keenly alive to human val- 
ues, to the fact that all material 
things are to be valued only as 
means to the promotion of human 
welfare. It has already been shown 
that this welfare must be measured 
ultimately in terms of (spiritual 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


In What Directions and By 
What Means Are the Func- 
tions of the State Destined to 

'"THERE is always some hazard 
*■ in attempting to predict the 
future of human institutions. Her- 
bert Spencer, viewing the problem 
of social evolution from the stand- 
point of the individualistic political 
philosophy of the later Eighteenth 
and early Nineteenth Centuries, 
looked toward gradual diminution 
of the functions of government 
until finally government might be 
dispensed with altogether. The 
functions of society would then 
be carried on wholly by voluntary 
cooperation. Mr. Spencer was, 
however, viewing government as 
restricted to the exercise of police 
powers in the narrower sense of 
the term. This noted philosopher 
himself lived long enough to 
mourn the failure of his predic- 
tions. The development of state 
functions during the last half cen- 
tury has been very decidedly in the 
opposite direction. It is apparent- 
ly perfectly safe to say that the 
functions of the state in years to 
come will lie somewhere between 
the opposite extremes set forth by 
Plato, on the one hand, and by 
Herbert Spencer, on the other. Cer- 
tainly at this time the pendulum 
is swinging in the direction of 
Plato's social and political phil- 
osophy. We may venture to pre- 
dict that it will go farther in that 
direction than it yet has done in 
America, but that it will never go 
as far as Plato's Republic por- 

ANY fair consideration of fun- 
"^ damental and well established 
principles of social justice will 
make clear that recent extensions 
of the functions of the state, as 
here enumerated, are fully justified 
and that many American states are 
delinquent in the administration of 
justice because they have lagged 
behind the more progressive states. 
This is due in part to want of 
social and political enlightenment 
on the part of the masses of the 
citizens and in part to organized 
interests that oppose every public 
policy that may mean larger con- 
tributions from them to the public 
treasury. Agents of these special 
interests in their efforts to mother 
the state often remind one of that 
hypothetical real mother who gave 

orders to the nurse maid to find 
out what Johnny is doing and tell 
him to stop. Now Johnny and 
the state are alike in this, that so 
long as they are alive they are 
bound to be doing something. 
Would it not be the part of wis- 
dom and fairness to all concerned 
to make a judicious, unbiased, and 
unselfish study of any proposed 
state activity in the light of the 
fundamental assumptions of de- 
mocracy — equal opportunity and 
justice to all, including each mem- 
ber of each new generation? 

By What Means Are the Ideal 

Goals of the State to Be 


TN GENERAL terms, by diffu- 
A sion of social knowledge and 
ability on the part of the great 
mass of citizens to form their own 
social, economic, ethical, and po- 
litical judgments, together with 
cultivation of a keener appreciation 
of justice and the jelevation of 
public above private interests. 
Many citizens fail to appreciate 
the fundamental nature of democ- 
racy. It is too often thought of 
as already realized, instead of as 
being merely in the process of mak- 
ing. The real meaning of some 
of the basic assumptions of de- 
mocracy is seldom thought of; 
for example that of equal oppor- 
tunity to all. What does this 
mean with respect to benefits to 
be derived from the use of the 
natural resources of the earth? Are 
these benefits to be equalized for 
one or two generations of democ- 
racy only, or are they to be made 
available to each new generation 
for all time? If so, how? If not, 
has democracy ceased to be? 

Are not the progressive public 
measures enumerated in this paper 
examples of recognition of the 
rights of all, and especially of the 
younger generation, to share in 
the benefits of the use of natural 
resources no matter in whose name 
they may be held as private prop- 
erty? Does not the new generation 
likewise have a right to share in 
the benefits derived from social- 
economic values, values that have 
been created by the activities of 
society as a whole, but now held 
as private property? By what 
method may the new generation 
share in the material benefits of 
these natural and social values if 
not by the progressive state poli- 

cies now rapidly coming into use 
and looking toward equalization 
of opportunity? The policy, 
adopted by some representatives of 
special interests, of denouncing 
these measures as socialistic, is 
most unfair and shortsighted. 
Those who do not like socialism 
should be especially interested in 
securing equal rights and oppor- 
tunities to all under the present 
system of private ownership of 
property. There is no surer way 
of stimulating radical revolutions 
in political and economic life than 
by the domination of capitalistic 
power in its own selfish interest 
as against just and humanitarian 
public policies. This is not to de- 
cry the accumulation of capital, 
nor to minimize its service in the 
economic life of the community; 
it is only to call attention to the 
social consequences of abuse of 
capitalistic power. Such abuse is, 
however, by no means character- 
istic of all capitalists, some of 
whom are among the enlightened, 
progressive leaders of political 
thought and action. The state can 
realize its ideal goals only by co- 
operative action of the mass of its 
citizens on the basis of intelligent 
public interest. This will eliminate 
antagonism between capital and 
labor, between producer and man- 
ufacturer, between north and 
south, between east and west. 
"Therefore, my duty as a citizen 
is not exhausted by what I bring 
to the state; my test as a citizen is 
how fully the whole can be ex- 
pressed through me." 2 

THHIS type of citizenship is not 
T realized through hide bound 
adherence to a political party ir- 
respective of the policies it may 
adopt in any particular election. 
It may be realized by voluntary 
association of citizens in unselfish 
promotion of worthy public caus- 
es, irrespective of partisan politics. 
The political parties of long stand- 
ing too often acquire selfish party 
interests as detrimental to public 
welfare as are other selfish inter- 
ests. 'To the victors belong the 
spoils" is not yet without practical 

The value of any method of 
procedure in civic life is to be 
judged by the purpose it serves. 
This purpose can properly be no< 
other than the highest and most 

2 Follett, M. P.— The New State, p. 
179. Longmans, Green SJ Co. New York. 
(Continued on page 805) 


Was the Earth Created 

in Six Days 
of Twenty-f our 



r HE recent cleavage of Chris- 
tianity along the line of 
Modernism and Fundamen- 
talism has revived interest in the 
long-discussed question of the age 


story because of certain findings 
of science, while the Fundamental- 
ist continues to accept it irrespec- 
tive of scientific discoveries. 

The Latter-day Saints are more 

of the earth, more particularly the -UK. rKJ^DllKlUJx. J. x\AA_J\. than passively interested in this 

question, particularly in view of 
the fact that the biblical account of 
creation is repeated, nearly verba- 
tim, in two of our recent scriptures, 
specifically, the Book of Moses and 
did not come from the sun, and the Book of Abraham. Accord- 
therefore, the "days" were not so- "W- lt 1S apparent that if the 
lar days. Moreover, in the second biblical account is abandoned as 
chapter of Genesis (verse 4) the unsound, the others are likely to 
entire period of creation is spoken fal1 under the same criticism, per- 
of as a single day. ha P s even more severe, for the 

Then, too, the Modernist turns writings of Moses and Abraham 
to the field of geology in further ar r e purported to be an outgrowth 
justification of his claims that the ° f modern revelation, and there- 
earth is extremely old, and, indeed, k ,.,-. 
it cannot be denied that his con- 
clusions are here perfectly secure, 
for the geologist has overwhelm- 
ingly proved that the earth has 
been many millions of years in 
process of creation. 

time involved in its making. The t>. . n /> />/i j -,, 

Modernist regards the account of Deseret Professor of Geology 
creation outlined in the first chap- of University of Utah 

ter of Genesis as largely figurative 
and without foundation in histor- 
ic fact, while the Fundamentalist 
accepts it as a literal representation 
of what actually occurred. The 
six creative periods, ordinarily in- 
terpreted as days of twenty-four 
hours each, are especially objec- 
tionable to the Modernist. On 
the other hand, he is not particu- 
larly opposed to the order of cre- 
ative events mentioned in the 
biblical narrative, since it closely 
coincides with the chronology re- 
vealed in the geological record. The 
Fundamentalist, however, holds 
that the earth was created in six 
days of twenty-four hours, and 
regards the scriptural statement as 
sufficient justification for this con- 

the scientific 

discoveries of our 

TySINTERESTED onlookers 
*** quite generally regard the at- 
titude of the Modernist as equiva- 
lent to a denial of the biblical 
story, since the account, as it stands 
alone, is not readily adaptable 
to more than one interpretation, 
namely: that placed upon it by 
the Fundamentalist. Six creative 
periods are distinctly mentioned, 
each characterized by light and 
darkness — day and night. "And 
God called the light Day and the 
darkness He called Night. And 
the evening and the morning were 
the first day." Genesis 1:5. 

The Modernist, however, has 
the following scriptural argument 
in his favor: Inasmuch as the sun 
did not come into existence until 
the fourth day (Genesis 1), it is 
evident that the light referred to 
on the first three days, at least, 

HTHUS, the Christian world is 
confronted with a curious con- 
dition: The Modernist justifies 
himself in denying the scriptural 

The Author 

TT is instructive to observe, how- 
ever, that the entire discussion is 
an outgrowth of the inadequacy 
of man's understanding, and per- 
haps also of the incompleteness 
of the biblical narrative. Thanks 
to modern revelation, the problem 
is in no sense disconcerting to the 
Latter-day Saints, for recent scrip- 
tures, which, by the way, appeared 
before the conflict between Mo- 
dernism and Fundamentalism 
arose, offer a complete solution for 
it. Moreover, if Christianity had 
been willing to accept these modern 
scriptures, the conflict with all its 
misunderstandings and bitterness 
could have never arisen. 

The Book of Abraham, for ex- 
ample, recites the account of crea- 
tion essentially the same as record- 
ed in the first chapter of Genesis, 
except that the various "days" are 
designated as "times." Then, af- 
ter recounting God's admonitions 
to Adam in the Garden of Eden 
concerning the tree of knowledge 
of good and evil, Abraham paren- 
thetically remarks that "as yet the 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


Gods had not appointed unto 
Adam his reckoning." (5:13) In 
other words, the entire work of 
creation had been completed before 
the present system of measuring 
time was introduced. The conclu- 
sion is certain, therefore, that the 
six "days" mentioned in the first 
chapter of Genesis, also in ifhe 
Book of Moses and the Book of 
Abraham, could not have been 
days of twenty-four hours dura- 

TN connection with the scripture 
last cited, Abraham makes it 
clear that the "day" referred to 
by Deity within which Adam 
would die, if disobedient, was a 
period of a thousand years, but he 
furnishes no clue concerning the 
length of the "days" mentioned 
in connection with the creation 
of the earth, except that they were 
not days twenty-four hours long. 
The planet Kolob is described 
by Abraham as being "set nigh 
unto the throne of God" with a 
period of revolution equivalent to 
a thousand years upon the earth, 
but he gives no information con- 
cerning the period of revolution 
of the planet upon which Deity 
resides, which might or might not 
be a measure of the term "day" 
as employed in the three accounts 
of creation. In the light of the 
following, however, even this 
would be of doubtful value. 

The illuminating statement is 
recorded in the fortieth chapter of 
Alma, verse twelve, that "all is one 
day with God, and time only is 
measured unto men." To Deity, 
then, time is not divided into pe- 
riods of equal or even unequal 
duration — this is done only by 
man. To Him eternity is one 
day; in fact, to God there is no 
such thing as time — a condition 
extremely difficult to understand 
by finite man, but none the less 

INCIDENTALLY it is interest- 
ing to note that the revelation 
of God concerning the non-exist- 
ence of time antedated scientific 
discovery fully two thousand years. 
Today the world is agog with 
the statement of Einstein that time 
does not exist, whereas, the Latter- 
day Saints have known this since 
1830, the year of the publication 
of the first edition of the Book of 

There are ample reasons for be- 
lieving that the throne of God is 

therefore, that periods of darkness 
continuously illuminated, and, 
upon it are unknown. Such being 
the case, "all is one day with God." 
Speaking of New Jerusalem, the 
writer of the Book of Revelations 
says: "And the city had no need 
of the sun, neither of the moon, 
to shine in it for the glory of God 
did lighten it, and the lamb is the 
light thereof * * * And the gates 
of it shall not be shut at all by 
day; for there shall be no night 
there." (12:23, 25) 

In retrospect, it is not unreason- 
able to assume that whenever Deity 
completed a considerable part of 
the earth, he called his labor a 
"day," that finite man might in 
part understand his message, but 
with no thought that the term 
would be applied to the revolutions 
of the earth which was not yet 
completed. Deity states that reve- 
lations are given unto his servants 
"after the manner of their lan- 
guage, that they might come to 
understanding." (Doc. and Cov. 
Sec. 1:24) 

H"HE Latter-day Saint has no part 
in the controversy concerning 
the origin of the earth. He knows 
that God is eternal, that he is the 
creator of the universe and that 
to him there is no such thing as 
time. He knows that God is om- 
nipotent, that he works by natural 
principles, and, therefore, that the 
truths of science are equally as 
sacred as those of the Written 
Word, for both proceed from the 
same source. 

No, the earth was not created 
in six days of twenty-four hours 
each. When viewed in the light 
of modern revelation, the biblical 
account of creation is not out of 
harmony with the findings of ge- 
ology. There can be no conflict 
between these two great records, 
since both came from the Creator 
to his children. 

The dimness of man's vision, 
influenced at times by his unwill- 
ingness to part with coveted tra- 
dition, is the basic factor in all 
problems where the truths of the- 
ology and the truths of science 
appear to be at variance. 

A Spiritual 
Philosophy of Life 

(Continued from page 803) 

lasting good of all. This calls for 
appreciation of spiritual values, 
for faith in fellow-men and good 
will toward all, for courage to 
contend for the right under all 
conditions, and for willingness to 
give freely of time, thought, and 
energy to worthy public causes. 
The advancement of the state will 
depend upon general response of 
its citizens to this call, under 
leadership of the most socially far- 
sighted, unselfish, and morally 
courageous of their numbers. 

THE disposition to work for the 
larger whole must be extended 
to the community of nations. No 
state, however powerful, can live 
apart from other nations. Ameri- 
ca's ultimate and highest interest 
is not in its monopoly of material 
resources and its possibility of mil- 
itary domination of the world, 
but in the ultimate highest good 
of all mankind with insecurity 
and injustice to none. What is 
said here of the principles by which 
American policies should be de- 
termined is, of course, true of each 
and every nation. Thus all na- 
tions, working in cooperation, may 
the more readily realize their ideals. 

"Vf ACGREGOR'S son was stolen 
during the war between the 
Scottish clans, and made to ex- 
change clothes with a peasant boy. 
He unconsciously revealed his iden- 
tity, however, even in peasant's 
clothes, by the way in which he 
used the things of the palace. The 
question to be decided was, which 
of the lads is MacGregor's son? 
And this was the method of dis- 
covery. Both lads were brought 
to the palace and watched. The 
peasant boy threw himself down 
to sleep upon the straw bed in 
the servant's apartment, for such 
was his wont; but MacGregor's 
boy spurned the bed of straw and 
chose the best couch in the palace. 
Everybody said, as they looked 
upon the sleeping boy, "That is 
MacGregor's son." 

»>■ ^e^^o» «► 

A MAN is like a bit of Labrador spar, which has no luster as you 
■*■ *■ turn it in your hand until you come to a particular angle; then it 
shows deep and beautiful colors. — Emerson. . . 





t ARE indeed is the 
occasion when a passenger vessel 
leaves a Hawaiian port without 
having wafted after it the beautiful 
strains of "Aloha Oe." Nell had 
made a few native friends during 
her brief visit in Honolulu, and 
these were on the pier to join in 
the farewell song, their natural jol- 
lity subdued by the sorrow of 
parting. They had affectionately 
hung numerous leis around her 
neck, so many, indeed, that she 
was well nigh smothered, and not- 
withstanding the brief acquaint- 
ance, it was with sincere regret 
that she said goodbye, even though 
after her farewell to Nate she had 
felt nothing in life could be hard 
again. Mrs. Conrad, who had 
cheered her so on the morning of 
their arrival, was there also to bid 
her bon voyage. 

The two thousand mile journey 
from Honolulu to Pago Pago, the 
American naval base on the island 
of Tutuila, was made without 
especial incident. The one excit- 
ing day was that on which they 
crossed the equator. Then out of 
the sea, ostensibly, came King 
Neptune with trident and royal 
suite, and, according to long estab- 
lished custom, held court and or- 
dered all passengers who were 
crossing the line for the first time 
to be haled before him. A penalty 
of greater or less severity was pro- 
nounced upon all such. Not being 
in this class, Nell escaped the duck- 
ing or other punishment and there- 
fore enjoyed the fun. 


.S word was passed 
around the vessel that land was in 
sight it created the usual excite- 
ment. Miss Redfield, perhaps the 
only person on board not glad the 
hour to disembark was so near, 
excitedly scanned through a glass 
the distant islands; in this foreign 
land she was to live and die. True, 
Pago Pago and this particular 
group were under the control of 

Chapter Three 

the United States; but it was 
Samoa none the less on that ac- 
count. She felt that there was a 
peculiar resemblance between the 
islands and herself. 

U. S. naval officers stationed at 
outlying ports are always eager to 
see visitors arrive. This interest 
is in nowise diminished when 
among such arrivals is an unde- 
niably pretty and piquant young 
lady. En route Miss Redfield had 
made the acquaintance of Commo- 
dore and Mrs. King, the former a 
retired naval officer, and the party 
was welcomed by Captain Evans, 
who was in charge of the island, 
and everything possible was done 
to make their visit enjoyable. 

r AGO PAGO is nine- 
ty miles from Apia which is on 
the island of Upolu in Western 
Samoa. To those who have jour- 
neyed from one point to the other 
in the small, ill-smelling, rough- 
riding boat which makes the trip 
at regular intervals, it is anything 
but a pleasure cruise. But Nell, 
never having made the voyage, was 
impatient to undertake it. She 
longed to set foot in Apia, her 
birthplace and the spot where her 
parents lay buried. She was anx- 
ious to see what association with 
scenes and perhaps with people fa- 
miliar to her in babyhood days 
would do to her procrastinating 
memory. Urged by these desires, 
passage on the little inter-island 
boat had been secured immediately 
upon arrival, but her fellow-voy- 
agers, for whom she had formed a 
sincere attachment, partly because 
of their own natural worth and 
still more on account of her heart 
hunger, persuaded her to cancel this 
arrangement, remain a few days 
with them and accept the invita- 
tion of Captain Evans to go on 
the U. S. gunboat to Apia, whith- 
er he was obliged to send Lieuten- 
ant Hawley on official business. 
Notwithstanding her impatience, 

the prospect was alluring. Now 
that her destination was virtually 
reached there was a haunting fear 
of being left alone, so she assented 
to the proposal of her friends. 
There were in Pago Pago a num- 
ber of fine young Americans all 
eager to show her attention and 
she had more opportunities of see- 
ing the country than it was pos- 
sible to accept. The beauty of the 
harbor, the finest in all the South 
Seas, with its tropical surround- 
ings was charming. Old "Rain- 
maker," the picturesque mountain 
standing as a sentinel at the mouth 
of the bay, invited her to climb to 
its summit and from that compar- 
atively high vantage point gaze 
over the adjacent country. She 
was fascinated, too, by the dignity 
and sweetness of the native Samoan 
spirit. It was something new and 
strange and she felt would abun- 
dantly repay intensive cultivation. 

IN studying the native 
character, Nell often thought it 
would not be so intolerable if the 
hateful sixteenth of corrupted 
blood in her veins, instead of be- 
ing Fijian, had come from the Sa- 
moan race, dark-skinned though 
it is. 

Here for the first time in her 
memory she saw a group of her 
"brothers" as she contemptuously 
called them. A trading schooner 
had arrived from Suva, Fiji, 
manned entirely by natives of that 
land. Had there been no secret 
reason for dislike, Nell would have 
been greatly interested in them. In- 
deed she was interested, though 
inwardly repelled. The great bush- 
es of hair, many of them a brick 
red from the use of slacked lime, 
formed the only covering for their 
heads, and if the naked truth must 
be told they had very little cover- 
ing of any kind, merely a lava 
lava, a simple cloth usually made 
of bark, fastened about their waists 
and reaching to the knees. 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


Nell, Mrs. King and Mrs. Evans 
in company with some of the offi- 
cers were at the wharf as the sail- 
ing schooner, by means of its aux- 
iliary gasoline engine, worked its 
way to the mooring place. 

Captain Evans and the others 
were amused at and Nell was cor- 
respondingly ashamed of her in- 
dignant refusal to accept an orange, 
a fruit for which Fiji is justly 
famous, from one of the crew. 

"Why did you take such offense 
at that red-headed nigger?" the 
captain queried mirthfully. "Of 
course he did not have much on but 
at that he had no less than the Sa- 
moan men usually wear and you're 
no longer shocked at them." 

1 HE unhappy girl was 
sufficiently well-bred to take the 
raillery good naturedly, but the 
word "nigger" had aroused tumult 
in her breast greater than anything 
which had occurred since leaving 
home. To hear one of her own 
race called by that odious name 
was the exorbitant price she was 
paying for a few days of pleasure. 

This and one other thing caused 
regret that she had not followed 
her orginial intention and departed 
with the Marstal. Hawley, the 
rugged young lieutenant, to whom 
was assigned the duty of conveying 
the party to its destination, was 
obviously taking too great an in- 
terest in her. Like other attractive 
women, she had learned that beau- 
ty had its disadvantages. So often 
had she been obliged to head off 
young men before their admiration 
turned to a more ardent feeling 
that she knew instinctively when 
to be on her guard. Now, after 
the ruthless manner in which her 
affections had been treated by fate, 
masculine attention, if it became 
even remotely lover-like, was most 
offensive. Still in this instance 
she sympathized with the young 
fellow; he was a long way from 
home and was lonely — at least 
that was her first impression; but 
it was soon apparent that little 
cause existed for loneliness, favor- 
ite as he was with men and women 
of the colony. Though polished 
by training and environment, there 
was a natural and delightful air 
of unconventionality about him. 

Apia. Proud of his seamanship, 
the opportunity of displaying it 
before the commodore pleased him, 
but even that was hardly as ap- 
pealing as the privilege of having 
a few additional hours to culti- 
vate the young lady. 

"There's Apia," he said hand- 
ing the glasses to her as the vessel 
cut through the water. "You can 
almost see the crescent-shaped har- 
bor. In another hour we'll be 
near enough to get a glimpse of the 
rusting hulk of the Adler on the 
rocks and the grave of Robert 
Louis Stevenson on the hill above. 

His companion was trembling 
with an excitement which her best 
efforts could not suppress. The 
officer noticed it and started to call 
Mr. and Mrs. King who were dis- 
creetly entertaining each other. 

"Please don't disturb them," in- 
terposed the young lady. 

"But I'm afraid you're going to 
faint, Miss Redfield. Let me help 
you to a seat." 

"No, I'd rather stand, but I am 
very much excited. Of course you 
have not heard, for I haven't told 
anyone, that I was born in Apia. 
My parents were killed in the tor- 
nado which wrecked the Adlcr 
and the other warships and are 
buried there." 

Hawley was astonished. "You 
were in Apia at that time? Why, 
so was I! A little eight year old 
kid in knee breeches; at least I 
was in knee breeches when I wasn't 
wearing a lava lava or paddling 


AWLEY made no 
effort to conceal his pleasure at the 
assignment to escort the party to 

Lieutenant Hawley 

about in the water without any- 
thing on." 

JNELL had been in 
some doubt as to whether she 
should reveal any part of her his- 
tory. Not having reached a posi- 
tive decision this much of the story 
had quite unconsciously escaped 
her. The young man's surprise 
did not surpass her own. 

"How strange that we should 
meet here," she said. "You re- 
member the storm of course?" 

"Remember it! I should say I 
do. For years almost I dreamed 
of nothing else. The howling of 
the wind with which were mingled 
screams of men and women on 
shore and the faint cries of doomed 
sailors on the warships in the har- 
bor! A good many of the fellows 
who had seemed to take a fancy to 
me and whom I greatly admired 
were drowned. Yes, indeed I re- 
member it. Often on squally nights 
ashore or at sea I have wished I 
could forget it. But you must've 
been just a babe at the time." 

"I was four years old and of 
course it all seems like a dream, but 
I hope sight of the place will re- 
vive memory." 

"After such a sorrow as the 
storm brought, I should think it 
would be wise to let memory 

"No; I am anxious to recall 
every possible detail of my life 
here and of my parents. It will 
help me in my work." 

"In your work back in the 
United States?" 

"In my work in Apia." 

"I guess I don't understand. 
You're not going to stay here very 
long, are you?" It was evident 
that mere thought of such a pos- 
sibility made the officer's heart beat 
a little faster. He continued. "And 
another thing, if you'll not be of- 
fended at my curiosity, I under- 
stood your parents were living in 

"I don't very often relate fam- 
ily history to strangers, but this 
time I was surprised into it by the 
excitement of coming back to my 
old home, and now that I've told 
you so much there's no good reason 
why I shouldn't answer your oth- 
er questions. For a long time 
Samoa is to be my home, at least, 
to speak more accurately, I intend 
living somewhere in the South Sea 
islands. The parents I have in 
America are the dearest peoole in 
(Continued on page 837) 

Joseph Smiths A Modern 


American Prophet 


IT IS midnight, and we are in 
the home of the Smiths in 

Manchester. Not the log 
house that we have heard so much 
about in these pages — the one from 
which the young Joseph went to 
the grove yonder seven years ago 
and to which he returned a chang- 
ed boy, and the one whose humble 
attic chamber, if we may call it 
by so high-sounding a name, was 
signally honored by three visita- 
tions of a heavenly being,- — -but 
another house just across the line 
separating Palmyra and Manches- 
ter townships, which is more pre- 
tentious and roomy and which 
the ambitious Alvin had set his 
heart on but had not lived to see 

Mother Smith is sitting up 
alone. She is at her eternal task 
of touching up a piece of oilcloth 
that is meant for a table covering. 
Long since the dishes have been 
washed and put away and the 
kitchen set to order. 

She is in a high tension over 
something. You can see that very 
clearly. It is not because every- 
thing is still as death, both within 
and without the house. For every 
one else is in bed and no doubt 
fast asleep by this time. And 
outside all the barnyard noises have 
gradually ceased — the scrambling 
of chickens for room on the roosts, 
the movement of the cows and 
horses in their effort to locate a 
satisfactory spot to lie down in. 
Not a breath of air stirs the great 
trees in the forest around the clear- 

Nor is Mother Smith's apparent 
nervousness due to any fear of the 
oppressive night stillness. She is 
accustomed to being alone times 
like this. Besides, even if she 
weren't, she is a strong-hearted wo- 
man, a pioneer woman, to whom 
small timidities involving only 
outer dangers are altogether un- 
known. She has no uneasy con- 
science carrying on a warfare in 
her breast. It is something very 

different from any of these that 
causes her to be anxious tonight. 

Tomorrow is a red-letter day in 
her life, and in the life of the 
whole family, especially in that of 
her son Joseph. It is the day when 
the ancient record is to be delivered 
into his hands by the Angel Mo- 

"COUR long, anxious years they 
have looked forward to this 
event. Perhaps the mother has 
been more concerned than any one 
else, not even excluding Joseph 
himself, over the coming of this 
notable day. And that for two 
reasons. First, she is older than 
he and therefore has greater fears 
that he will not prove equal to 
his responsibilities. That is what 
the years bring to us. And then 
she vs always apprehensive that 
there will be a slip-up of things. 
For things you set your heart on 
have somehow a way of slipping 
up. All the family share her an- 
ticipation, without feeling her keen 
sense of responsibility. 

There are friends, too, who are 
looking forward to this great day 
with anxious eyes. Some of them 
are the Stoals and the Knights, 
neighbors of the Smiths — if you 
do not think of the word "neigh- 
bors" too critically; for the 
Knights live twenty-five miles 
away, in Colesville. Two of these 
— Josiah Stoal and Joseph Knight, 
both elderly men — have come to 
the Smith home, in order to be 
on hand when the golden volume 
is brought home. And outside in 
the barn is the horse that has 
pulled them here in the light wa- 
gon, which stands hardby in the 
yard. It belongs to Mr. Knight. 

Through Joseph himself these 
two friends have picked up their 
interest in the coming forth of the 
ancient record. During these four 
years, as he could be spared by his 
father and as he needed money for 
his personal expenses, Joseph has 
worked for Mr. Knight and Mr. 

Stoal- — on the farm or in the flour 
mill of the former and in an old 
Spanish mine of the latter in Penn- 
sylvania. As the friendship be- 
tween Joseph and these men rip- 
ened, he has told them about his 
visions and the ancient record that 
he is to have in his keeping for 
a time. They have believed him; 
they have trusted in his truthful- 
ness; and now they are in the 
Smith home awaiting the deliver- 
ance of the sacred plates. 

[T IS barely possible, however, 

that no one in all the house is 
asleep, as we at first supposed — not 
Josiah Stoal, nor Joseph Knight, 
nor any of the Smiths, least of all 
Joseph. They are in bed, though. 
At least, Mother Smith believes 
they are. But, for all that, they 
may not be asleep. It may very 
well be that they have on their 
minds just what she has on hers — 
the thing which is to happen to- 

For scarcely anything can be of 
greater importance to them than 
the matter involved in what this 
young man Joseph has been telling 

They put the thing very prac- 

Like everyone else they want 
to know whether there is a life 
for them after death. It is the 
great question. But here is a man 
who says he has actually seen a 
resurrected person — Moroni, who 
lived fourteen hundred years ago 
on the American continent, who 
died here, and who later was raised 
from the dead. And he has seen 
him not once only, but many 
times. If such a thing is true of 
Moroni, why, it may be true in 
their own case, for Moroni, by 
all accounts, was very much like 
themselves in most respects. And 
now, if Joseph gets these sacred 
plates that the Angel has in his 
keeping, it will be the best of evi- 
dence that the rest of the story 
is true. 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


What wonder is it then, if they 
are all awake in their beds, think- 

Vf OTHER SMITH'S attention 
is attracted by the opening of 
a door leading to the kitchen from 
another room, a bedroom. She 
quickly turns her head. 

It is young Joseph. He is 
dressed for a journey, the object 
of which she surmises. 

"Mother," he says, "have you 
got a chest with a lock and key?" 

Instantly Mrs. Smith takes 
alarm. She says not a word. She 
looks at him as if she were to 
blame for some great mishap. 

Seeing her fears, he goes up to 
her. "Never mind, Mother; I can 
do very well for the present with- 
out it. Be calm — everything's all 

Then he leaves the room by the 
outer door. 

She listens to his retreating foot- 
steps as he goes round the house. 
She hears him go to the stable, 
bring out a horse, hitch it to the 
wagon standing in the yard out- 

Presently the inner door creaks 
again on its hinges. This time 
a young woman enters the room. 
It is Emma, Joseph's wife. She, 
too, is attired for a journey some- 
where, for she wears her bonnet 
and riding dress. With only a 
glance and a smile in the direction 
of her mother-in-law, she passes 
through the room and joins her 

A minute or two later Mother 
Smith hears the wagon leave the 
yard and enter the narrow lane 
which leads westward into the road 
to Canandaigua — the mail route 
that passes the hill Cumorah. 

When the last sound of the 
wheels dies out on her ears, Mother 
Smith sits there in deep medita- 
tion. After a while she gets up, 
goes to a small table, takes off it 
the large family Bible, returns to 
the chair, and begins to read. Later 
she kneels down and prays. And 
on rising she sits there, plunged 
in reverie once more, the Bible 
meantime on her lap. She does 
not stir till dawn. 

VfEANWHILE Joseph and Em- 
ma proceed to the hill. It 
is such a night as poor love-lorn 
Jessica describes to Lorenzo in the 
Merchant of Venice. The full 
moon rides high in the clearest sky 

you could wish to see, but it is 
without the "sweet wind" that 
gently "kisses the trees." At a 
jog-trot the horse takes the narrow 
lane and then the broad road past 

Joseph has often gone over this 
highway since the day when he 
first pried open that stone box with 
its precious contents. You may 
remember that the Angel instruct- 
ed him to visit the place every 
year on the twenty-second of Sep- 
tember, till he should obtain the 
plates and the interpreters. And 
he has faithfully kept his tryst 
with the Angel there, and received 
instruction and guidance from his 
heavenly tutor. 

And now, as he goes to the hill 
the fourth time since he first saw 
the plates, his heart leaps up with 
hope and wonder. When he 

comes back on this road, he thinks, 
he will have with him the sacred 
book. They will be perfectly safe 
in his possession now, after his four 
years of heavenly tutelage. No 
longer does he think of it in terms 
of what the plates might bring 
him in money, but only in terms 
of what it will mean to the world 
in the salvation of souls. 

/"nN reaching the foot of the hill 
V he leaves Emma in charge of 
the horse and wagon, and pushes 
his way alone through the woods 
up to where the stone box is. He 
uncovers it as he has done four 
times before — with a stick for a 
bar. The Angel is there to give 
him some final instructions. 

"Now you have got the record," 
says the heavenly messenger as he 
surrenders the long-treasured vol- 
ume, "you will have to be watch- 
ful and faithful to your trust. 
Otherwise you will be overpow- 
ered by wicked men, for you are 
but a man. They will lay every 
plan that is possible to get it away 
from you, and if you do not heed 
continually, they will succeed. 

The Hill Cumorah 

While it was in my hands, I could 
keep it, and no man had power 
to take it away. But now I give 
it up to you. Beware, and look 
well to your ways. If you do so, 
you shall have power to retain it, 
till the time for it to be trans- 

With the interpreters in his 
pocket and the book wrapped in 
a cloth under his arm, Joseph goes 
back down the hill to Emma. 
Then getting into the wagon, he 
drives toward his home on the 
road he has come. 

When he has gone about a mile, 
however, he stops the horse, gets 
out of the vehicle with the sacred 
record, and goes into the woods. 
Off the main road a few rods he 
finds an old birch tree much de- 
cayed, except the bark. With his 
pocket knife he cuts the bark with 
great care, turns it back, makes a 
hole of sufficient size to receive 
the plates, and, putting the plates 
into the cavity, replaces the bark 
till you could never tell, if you 
did not know differently, that the 
old birch holds in its bosom the 
most wonderful treasure in the 

This strange task done, Joseph 
goes back to Emma, and the two 
proceed once more homeward. 

^7 HEN Mother Smith has fin- 
ished her sleepless vigil, as 
I have already said, it is early 
dawn. Presently she set to work 
on her preparation for breakfast. 

As the time arrives for sitting 
down to the meal, there is no small 
amount of confusion. Father 
Smith is disturbed because Joseph 
is not ready for breakfast, and he 
is about to go into his room to 
call him. He does not know that 
Joseph and Emma left the house 
during the night. 

"Don't call for him," says the 
tactful Lucy, "because he may 
want to eat breakfast with his wife 
this morning." 

"No, no," the father protests; 
"I must have him sit down with 
me as usual." 

"Now, Father," Mother Smith 
urges, "do let him eat with his 
wife this morning." 

This ends the argument. 

But now Mr. Knight comes into 
the kitchen much perturbed in his 
mind. "My horse is gone," he 
says excitedly, "and I can't find 

(Continued on page 818) 

Theology and Evolution 

From the Historical Point o£ View 

Teacher of History in the L. D. S. College 

SINCE 1903, when the so- 
called "Langley's Folly" 

made its flight, the aviator 
with the aeroplane has accomp- 
lished many remarkable feats. We 
all remember the great popularity 
of Captain Lindbergh in his "lone 
eagle" flight, and note with in- 
terest the elevation attained by 
German "airmen," approximately 
eight miles. Yet more remarkable 
by far than these are events which 
theological history records. For 
example, Joseph Smith writes: 
"He (an angel) called me by 
name, and said unto me that he 
was a messenger sent from the 
presence of God to me, and that 
his name was Moroni." (Writings 
of Joseph Smith 2:33) While our 
"airmen" did not "fly" to another 
planet, theological history records 
testimonies that heavenly messen- 
gers do come to our planet — the 
earth, to communicate the word 
of God. 

"DESTALOZZI made a contribu- 
tion to the cause of education 
in what has been called the object 
lesson in the teaching of children. 
It has proved to be of permanent 
value in the field of learning, for 
it is based upon a fundamental 
in our psychical constitution and 
nature. Applying this principle 
to the study of theological history 
we cite first the unique instance 
in theological object-lessons. Com- 
bining sentences from the histori- 
ans John and Luke, we have, 
"Then the same day at evening, 
being the first of the week, — came 
Jesus, and stood in the midst, and 
saith unto them, Peace be unto 
you." "But they were terrified 
and affrighted, and supposed that 
they had seen a spirit. And he 
said unto them, why are ye trou- 
bled? and why do thoughts arise 
in your hearts? Behold my hands 
and my feet, that it is I myself: 
handle me, and see; for a spirit 
hath not flesh and bones as ye see 

Guide Posts 

in Theological 


me have. And when he had thus 
spoken, he showed them his hands 
and his feet. And while they yet 
* * * wondered, he said unto 
them, Have ye here any meat? And 
they gave him a piece of a broiled 
fish, and of an honey comb. And 
he took it, and did eat before 

"RUT Thomas was not with 
them when Jesus came." 
Those who had had the above ex- 
perience told it to Thomas. "But 
he said unto them, Except I shall 
see in his hands the print of the 
nails, and put my finger into the 
print of the nails, and thrust my 
hand into his side, I will not be- 
lieve." Eight days later Jesus came 
when Thomas was with the other 
ten disciples. Then said Jesus to 
Thomas, "Reach hither thy finger, 
and behold my hands; and reach 
hither thy lhand, and thrust it 


UGUSTINE, in his "Confes- 
sions." tells of a dream in his early 
Christian life, when as a young 
lawyer he was intensely absorbed in 
Cicero, and all his tastes were 
Ciceronian. He thought he died 
and came to the celestial gate. 
"Who are you?" asked the keeper. 
"Augustine, of Milan." "What are 
you?" "A Christian." "No, you 
are a Ciceronian." Augustine asked 
an explanation, and the angelic 
gatekeeper replied: "All souls are 
estimated in THIS world by what 
dominated in THAT. In you, Aug- 
ustine, not the Christ of the Cos- 
pet, but the Cicero of Roman juris- 
prudence, was the dominating force. 
You can not enter here." Augustine 
was so startled that he awoke, and 
resolved that henceforth Christ and 
not Cicero should rule in his 
thought and heart and life. 

into my side, and be not faithless, 
but believing." From this object- 
lesson Thomas learned the truth 
and exclaimed reverently, "My 
Lord and my God." 

We leave the reader to reflect on 
this unique object-lesson concern- 
ing a messenger from the Father 
and God to man on earth with 
this question: Could any class in 
our scientific age be able to make a 
more careful scientific test than 
did the eleven apostles of our Sa- 
vior's visit to them? 

|*T is with a somewhat similar 
object-lesson that theology be- 
gins in world-history and is re- 
peated not a few times throughout 
the ages down to our own day. 
The historical characters, Abra- 
ham, Moses, and Joseph Smith are 
typical. To the student of his- 
tory their influence in theology 
shows a standard of intelligence 
which is second only to that of our 
Lord himself, in fact, they declare 
it is through him as his prophets 
that they speak and act. For ex- 
ample, note the following: "Thus 
I, Abraham, talked with the Lord, 
face to face, as one man talks with 
another." (Abraham 3:11) And 
Moses "saw God face to face, and 
he talked with him, and the glory 
of God was upon Moses." (Moses 
1:2) "I saw a pillar of light ex- 
actly over my head * * * when 
the light rested upon me, I saw 
two personages * * * One of them 
spoke to me, calling me by name, 
and said (pointing to the other) , 
This is my beloved Son, Hear 
him!" (Writings of Joseph Smith 

HPHESE men, chronologically ar- 
*• ranged, Abraham, Moses, Pe- 
ter, James, John, Thomas and 
Joseph Smith, all historical char- 
acters, at various times in the past 
four thousand years, have borne 
testimony to the world that they 
know of heavenly messengers com- 
ing to earth to teach mankind. 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


In addition to these which we history. In the book of Moses prove it, nor had students through- 
call miraculous events, the written we read: "For a book of remem- out one hundred years of study, 
word -of the Lord in theological brance we (Enoch is speaking) seen it. In a foregoing paragraph, 
history is by direction of its au- have written among us, according too, we named seven men who 
thor to pass through a thorough to the pattern given by the finger knew of messengers coming from 
historical test. For example, "and of God: and it is written in our God who "created man in his own 
unto three shall they (the plates own language." (Moses 6:46.) image." 
of the Book of Mor- 

mon) be shown by 
the power of God: 
wherefore they shall 
know of a surety that 
these things are true. 
And in the mouth of 
three witnesses shall 
these things be estab- 

In compliance with 
this theological history 
test, Oliver Cowdery, 
David Whitmer, and 
Martin Harris, all 
honorable American 
citizens, declare — "We 
have seen the plates 
which contain this rec- 
ord (the Book of 

Our Moral Leader 

Editorial from "Daily Oklahoman," March 21, 1930 

\J F ALL men it seems most strange to see a pillar of the 
Mormon Church appearing in congress as the advanced cham- 
pion and protector of the public morals. In view of the 
opposition encountered by Joseph Smith when he originated 
the Mormon movement, of the obstacles thrown in the way 
of Brigham Young when he was converting the Church into 
a political republic, and of the criticisms of the Church voiced 
in the days when the Edmunds act sought to prohibit polyg- 
amous practices in Utah territory, it is passing strange to see 
Senator Smoot of the Mormon faith leading the senatorial 
forces which battle to preserve the purity of American homes 
and morals by making imported literature simon-pure. When 
a Mormon pillar becomes the acknowledged leader of the moral 
forces of the country, it is something to think about. 

nrHE significance of 
the distinction be- 

tween the statements 
of these two groups of 
men is fundamental. 
The former thought, 
the latter knew. A few 
lines from John Mill 
helps to emphasize 
this. They are, "What 
is the difference to our 
minds between think- 
ing of a reality and 
representing to our- 
selves an imaginary 
picture? I confess I can 
see no escape from the 
opinion that the dis- 
tinction is ultimate 
and primordial. There is no more 

Mormon) and we also know that Again, "and a book of remem 

they have been translated by the brance was kept, in the which was difficulty in holding it to be so 
power of God * * * wherefore we recorded, in the language of Adam, than in holding the difference be- 
know of a surety that the work is for it was given unto as many as tween a sensation and an idea to 
true." called upon God to write by the be primordial. It seems almost 
"A fundamental contention of spirit of inspiration; and by them another aspect of the same differ- 
the higher criticism of the Penta- their children were taught to read ence — I cannot help thinking, 
teuch is that it was not written by and write, having a language therefore, that there is in the re- 
Moses, but that it constitutes which was pure and undefiled * membrance of a real fact, as dis- 
a compilation of various tradition- * * and a genealogy was kept of tinguished from that of a thought, 
ary narratives made about nine the children of God." (Moses 6:5, an element which does not consist, 
hundred years after the time of 6, 8). 
Moses." This liberal school of 

Biblical criticism endeavors to har- . rf 

the word of God with the 1 men>s knowledge of Go £ ( 


prevailing philosophy — the doc- 
trine of evolution. 

"DUT theological history estab- 
" lishes what Mr. Whiston sug- 
gests in a footnote on a passage 
in the Antiquities of the Jews. 
It follows: "Josephus here takes 
notice, that these ancient geneal- 
ogies were first set down by those 
that then lived, and from them 
were transmitted down to poster- 
ity, which I suppose to be the 
true account of that matter. For 

knowledge of messengers from 
God, and his spoken and written 
word that we give the name the- 
ology — "a revealed science which 
treats of the being and attributes 
of God and his relation to us." 
Furthermore, it is such data as 
this which gives the evidence to 
us who have not seen God,, for 

in a difference between the mere 
ideas which are present to the mind 
in the cases. This element, how- 
ever we define it, constitutes be- 
lief and is the difference between 
memory and imagination. From 
whatever direction we approach, 
this difference seems to close our 
path. When we arrive at it, we 
seem to have reached, as it were, 
the central point of our intellectual 
nature presupposed and built upon 
in every attempt we make to ex- 

our faith in him which the apostle plain the more recondite pheno- 

mena of our mental being." 
(Quoted by James, psychology, 
Vol. II, p. 285.) 

Paul defines as "evidence of things 
not seen." 

In a former article we named 

there is no reason to imagine that five men who had become promi- 

men were not taught to read and nent in the doctrine of evolution, 

write soon after they were taught T h° se men are Charles Lyell, The- 

to speak; and perhaps all by the ^ ore t Schwann, Herbert Spencer, 

Messiah himself, who, under the Charles Darwin ' and Ernest 

! NEVER knew one man or 
woman who steadily evaded the 

house of prayer and public wor- 
ship on the Lord's day, who 

Haeckel. We made typical quo- 
tations from two of them which 
are characteristic of all. Those 

quotations show that those men habitually neglected it and had a 
only thought evolution had taken theory on which it was neglected, 
Chapter 3). This thought we place. Not one of them gives an who did not come to grief and 
repeat is established by theological instance which he had seen to bring other people to grief. 

Father was the Creator, or Gover- 
nor of Mankind and who fre- 
quently in those early days ap- 
peared to them." (p. 37, Bk. I, 

White Hyacinths to Feed the Soul 


.F I ihad two loaves, 
I would sell one of them and buy 
white hyacinths to feed my soul." 

In these lines is expressed indi- 
rectly the great truth that our souls 
need nourishing quite as much as 
our physical beings. Too frequent- 
ly we ,forget this, and no matter 
how many loaves we have we let 
the soul starve. 

What are these white hyacinths 
of which the writer speaks? 

A teacher of a first grade once 
hung up in her school room a copy 
of a beautiful painting — "The 
Song of the Lark." She told her 
pupils to look at it for a few mo- 
ments and then to tell her what it 
made them think of, or how it 
made .them feel. The children 
responded with a variety of com- 
ments. One little boy whose face 
seemed fairly to glow with respon- 
siveness to the beauty in the picture 
said: "Why — it — it makes me 
forget I had to carry in wood." 

Recently at devotional exercises 
at the Brigham Young University, 
when President George H. Brim- 
hall arose to give one of his cele- 
brated four-minute addresses, he 
exclaimed : 

"I am not the same man I was 
before I heard the beautiful music 
we have just listened to. I am a 
different man; I am a better man. 
That music added something to 
me that was not of me before." 

The child and the man each had 
fed his soul on beauty. In the 
one case, beauty of color and form; 
in the other, beauty of sound. 

And so we might define these 
white hyacinths that feed the soul 
as those things which satisfy the 
aesthetic, the spiritual side of our 
natures: musk, painting, literature 
— the products of the fine arts. 

Browning, who 

might have been a master in three 
arts, tells us in one of his poems 
that the mission of the artist is to 
interpret the beauty in the world 
in such a way that we who are 
riot artists can see it and be fed by 
it. He says that we've seen the 
world, the beauty and the wonder 


and the power; the shapes of 
things, their colors, lights and 
shades; their changes, and sur- 
prises — but we are made so that 
"we love first, when we see them 
painted, things we have passed per- 
haps a hundred times, nor cared 
to see. * * * Art was given for 
that." He goes on to say that 
God uses us to help each other so — 
"lending our minds out." 

Artists, then, because they see 
these beauties which we who are 
not artists cannot see until they 
have been pointed out to us, have 
as their mission the interpretation 
of beauty in a way that we ] can as- 
similate it. 

One of the mediums of the in- 
terpretation of beauty is words. — 
One poet has expressed her appre- 
ciation of the medium of her art 
in these lines: 


"God wove a web of loveliness. 
Of clouds and stars and birds, 

But made not anything at all 
As beautiful as words." 

It is of the art of literature that 
I wish to speak — of what literature 
can do for us — of some of the 
ways it can feed our souls. 

Literature has been defined by 
someone as including all of those 
writings that express for us ;what 
we consciously or unconsciously 
feel the need of saying but cannot 
say. In other words, just as the 
painter with his colors shows us 
beauties we haven't been able to 
see before, so the writer reveals for 
us beauties we have not been able 
to express. 


HERE are many 
things that literature can do for 
us. One writer has pointed out 
five of the outstanding benefits to 
be derived from the study of lit- 
erature, two of which I wish to 
dwell upon in particular. He shows 
how literature keeps before us the 
vision of the ideal. The impor- 
tance of this value can hardly- be 
over - emphasized. Everything 

worthwhile in life is built upon 
ideals, and literature has been 
called a storehouse of ideals. 

"He who builds no castles in the 
air," sings the poet, "builds no 

castles anywhere." The great 
Danish sculptor, Thorwaldson, 
realized the importance of keeping 
before us a vision of the ideal to 
such a degree that he wept over 
the perfection of his statue of 
Christ, explaining to his friends 
that he wept because his genius 
must be decaying since the statue 
absolutely satisfied him. He ex- 
plained that always before his 
ideal was far beyond what he 
could execute, and that because this 
was no longer true he could never 
create a great work of art again. 

Browning expresses the impor- 
tance of this vision of the ideal 

when he says: 

"Ah, but a man's reach should exceed 

his grasp, 
Or what's a heaven for?" 

And again in these lines: 

"What hand and brain went over paired? 
What heart alike conceived and dared? 
What act proved all its thought had been? 
What will but felt the fleshly screen?" 

Literature holds up before us the 
ideals of the past and the present. 

Furthermore, each piece of great 
literature itself, grows out of a 
great ideal. 

Another of these five values is 
that literature can give us a mastery 
of our own language. When we 
read the beautiful things that have 
been woven out of words— —rightly 
chosen and arranged, we even un- 
consciously absorb some of that 
beauty of expression. We become 
like that with which we associate 
in more ways than one. If we 
are constantly thrown with persons 
who use slang, we may at first 
be shocked, but in time we will 
find ourselves using slang ex- 
pressions. Just so if 'we are con- 
tinuously reading great and beau- 
tiful literature, we not only are 
unconsciously becoir|ing familiar 
with the great ideals of the liter- 
ature, and becoming more like 
them, just as Ernest in "The Great 
Stone Face," unconsciously took 
on the characteristics which the 
face on the mountain symbolized, 
but we are also assimilating a 
knowledge of words and their 
beauty of arrangement. With .. 

The Improvement Era for October , 1930 


little conscious effort we could in- 
deed master our language through 
our contacts with literature. There 
are in our language over a hundred 
thousand words. The average 
person uses about three thousand 
of them; Milton used eight thou- 
sand and Shakespeare many times 
the average. 


THIRD value of 
literature lies in its power to restore 
the past and broaden our under- 
standing of human nature. His- 
tory may teach us what people did, 
but literature tells ushow they felt 
about it. By way of literature we 
can transport ourselves to any age 
or any country; we can associate 
in the most intimate way with the 
finest and noblest of characters. 
And so, vicariously, we can broad- 
en and enrich our experiences to a 
limitless degree. There is no need 
of anyone ever being lonely, or 
of needing to associate 'with in- 
ferior personalities with the my- 
riads of great .characters in liter- 
ature ready to give companionship, 
courage and inspiration upon the 
mere opening of books. 

The last two values, and those 
I wish to amplify, are literature as 
an outlet, and literature as a glori- 
fication of the commonplace. 

Just in what way is literature an 
outlet? How does it help us ex- 
press what we could not express 
without it? 

When you have been reading 
something especially fine, haven't 
you often exclaimed to yourself or 
others: "I have felt just that way 
myself but couldn't express it." 
The poet has expressed it for you, 
and when you thrill and find your- 
self being lifted above your usual 
level as you read it, you are in re- 
ality expressing it yourself- — your 
soul is being fed as you read just 
as the writer's was while he wrote. 


►URNS was idolized 
by his countrymen, because he ex- 
pressed what they felt but knew 
not how to express. They would 
read his poems and laugh and cry. 
for through their reading they 
were finding an outlet for their 
own emotions. On one occasion a 
carriage in which Longfellow was 
riding was suddenly halted and the 
door opened. The poet was sur- 
prised and somewhat alarmed 
when he discovered himself sur- 
rounded by a group of coal-be- 
grimed miners. He thought he 

was going to be robbed. However, 
one of the men told him that they 
had heard he was going to pass 
there at that time and that they 
had gained permission to come out 
of the .mine and see him. "We 
just want to shake your hand," 
the miner concluded. "We just 
wanted to say 'God bless the man 
who wrote 'The Psalm of Life.' " 
Lincoln's Gettysburg speech in 
two minutes went straight to the 
central idea of a great occasion, and 
became a literary masterpiece, be- 
cause it spoke for a people who 
needed a spokesman and as one 
commentator says: "It put into 
fitting words the dumb emotions 
that filled every heart of his au- 
dience." . , ,,, 

We must find ourselves in what 
we read; then the reading will serve 
as a medium for us. Expression 
is need of us all. It helps us in 
times of sorrow as well as in times, 
of joy. Scotts' "Home They 
Brought her Warrior Dead," in 
its refrain, "She must weep, or 
she will die," reveals this need of 
expression — or outlet. Shakespeare 
says: "Give sorrow words. The 
grief that does not speak, whispers 
the o'er-fraught heart and bids 
it break." Wordsworth has the 
same thought in these lines: 

"To me alone there came a thought of 

A timely utterance gave that thought re- 

And I again was strong." 

Emerson says, "All men live by 
truth and stand in need of expres- 
sion. The man is only half him- 
self; the other half is expression." 

A great picture, or piece of mu- 
sic, or poem satisfies first a want 
of the artist's soul, and if this is 
a national or a universal want the 
production of the artist becomes 
a national or a universal expres- 
sion. Is not "The Star Spangled 
Banner" as much our expression of 
patriotism as it was Francis Scott 
Keys? Is not "Home Sweet Home" 
an outlet of our devotion to a uni- 
versal ideal, just as it was an outlet 
for the love of John Howard 

Perhaps some iiius-' 

trations as to how literature is an 
outlet of our feelings, an unlock- 
ing and expansion of our person- 
alities may help. When we feel 
discouraged over handicaps and 
disappointments and are groping 
for courage in our need, Milton's 

sonnet on his blindness gives* us a 
means of growth: :^ ; 

"When I consider how my life is spent 

Ere half my days in this dark world and 

And that one talent which Were death to 
hide • ! 

Lodged in me useless, though my soul 
more bent 

To serve therewith my Maker, and pre- 
sent my true account 

Lest he returning chide; 

" 'Doth God exact day-labor, light der 

I fondly ask. But Patience to prevent 

That murmur, soon replies, 'God doth not 

Either man's work or his own gifts.: Who 

•'•• i be st • •...,. 

Bear his mild yoke, they serve him best. 

His state 
Is kingly; thousands , at his bidding 

And post o'er land and ocean without 

rest ; 
They also serve who only stand and 
. .wait." 

Again, we may feel the intensity 
of love aching for an expression of 
which we have not the power. We 
need only to turn to Burns, or 
Browning, or Mrs. Browning to 
find an outlet. Surely Mrs. 
Browning has said it for us in her 
sonnets — the eighteenth for ex- 
ample : 

"How do I love thee? Let me count the 

I love thee to the depth and breadth and 

My soul can reach, when feeling out of 

For the ends of Being and ideal Grace. 
I love thee to the level of every day's 
Most quiet need, of sun and candle-light. 
I love thee freely, as men strive for Right 
I love thee purely, as they turn from 

I love thee with the passion put to use 
In my old griefs, and with my childhood's 

I love thee with a love I seemed to lose, 
With my lost saints — I love thee with 

the breath, 
Smiles, tears, of all my life! and, if God 

I shall but love thee better after death." 

JTERHAPS the need 
of keeping an ideal before us has 
possession of us and strives in vain 
for expression. Then will we turn 
to Longfellow's "Excelsior," or to 
Bryant's "The Chambered Nautil- 
us" with its: 

"Build thee more stately mansions, O my 

As thy swift seasons roll! 
Leave thy low-vaulted past! 
Let each new temple, nobler than the last. 
Shut thee from heaven with a dome more 

Till thou at length art free, 
Leaving thine outgrown shell by life's 

unresting sea!" 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 

And so, on and on, examples 
might be given. 

Now as to how literature glori- 
fies the commonplace. 

Because; the poet has an inspired 
vision and can see more of the 
beauty in the world than those of 
us who are not artists, he has a 
keener and broader love for every- 
thing about him. The intensity 
of that love for commonplace 
things is perhaps expressed as well 
by Rupert Brooke, as by anyone — 
that fine young British poet who 
gave his life for his love of man- 
kind in the World War. Among 
many other similar things, he ex- 
presses his love for 

"White plates and cups, clean gleaming 
Ringed with blue lines; and feathery 

faery dust; 
Wet ioofs beneath the lamp-light; the 

strong crust 

Of friendly bread; and many tasting food; 

Rainbows and blue bitter smoke of wood; 

"The benison of hot water; furs to touch; 
The good smell of old clothes; and other 

such — ■ 
The comfortable smell of friendly fingers, 
Hair's fragrance, and the musty reek 
That lingers about dead leaves and last 

year's ferns. 
"Dear names, 
And thousand others throng to me! Royal 

flames ; 
Sweet water's dimpling laugh from tap 

or spring ; 
Holes in the ground; and voices that do 

Voices in laughter, too ; and body s pain, 
Soon turned to peace; and the deep pant- 
ing train; 
Firm sands; the little dulling edge of 

That brown and dwindles as the wave 

goes home; 
And washen stones; gay for an hour; 

the cold 
Graveness of iron; moist black earthen 

Sleep; and high places; footprints in the 

And oaks; and brown horse-chestnuts, 

And new peeled sticks; and shiny pools on 

grass; — ■ 
All these have been my loves!" 

IMAGINE how won- 
derful the world would appear to 
us if we could all feel about these 
commonplace things as this young 
poet did. 

Genius has been defined as the 
power of seeing wonder in the 
commonplace. Among the poets 
who help us to find glory in the 
commonplace are Emerson, Shel- 
ley, Keats, Wordsworth, Tenny- 
son: and of later singers, our 
own country Edna St. Vincent 
Millay, Anna Hempstead Branch 
and Sara Teasdale. 

Emerson says: 

'"Tis not in high stars alone',' 

Nor in the cup of budding flowers. 
Nor in the redbreast's mellow tone. 

Nor in the bow that smiles in 
But in the mud and scum of things 
There alway, alway something sings." 

Wordsworth, in his lovely 
poem, "I Wandered Lonely as a 
Cloud" shows how the sight of a 
bed of daffodils can be treasured 
up to give bliss long after the ac- 
tual vision has vanished. 

Tennyson finds enough glory 
and suggestiveness in a tiny flower 
to provoke thoughts on the pro- 
foundest of subjects: 
"Flower in the crannied wall, 
I pluck you out of the crannies, 
And hold you here in my hand 
Little flower — if I could but understand 
What you are, root and all, and all in ail 
I should know what God and man is." 

The sight of a cloud, the breath 
of the wind, the flight of a lark 
all challenged the imagination of 
Shelley to the extent that in their 
common-placeness he saw wonder 
and glory enough to inspire death- 
less lyrics. To him the skylark 
was not a bird, but "a form from 
heaven," "an un-bodied joy;" it 
is like "a poet hidden in the light 
of thought singing hymns that 
will move the world;" it is like 
"a high-born maiden in a palace 
tower with music, sweet as love;" 
"it is like a glow-worm golden in 
a dell of dew," and like "a rose 
embowered in its own green 
leaves;" and "its music is better 
than all treasures that in books are 

Burns glorifies a little field- 
mouse to the position of his earth- 
born companion: 
"I'm truly sorry man's dominion 
Has broken Nature's social union, 
And justifies that ill opinion 
Which makes thee startle 
At me, thy poor earth born companion 
And fellow mortal." 


glorifies her mother's hands which 
hide delicate mercies "like flowers 
in spring" and whose touch seems 
to transmit to the little child 
"memories of all the beautiful 
things the hands have touched — 
garden thing, sound of hidden 
wings." Her mother's words she 

says : 

"Shine around our simple earth 

With golden shadowings, 
And every common thing they touch 

Is exquisite with wings." 

Both Edna St. Vincent Millay 
and Sara Teasdale seem almost to 
burst with the joy which the glory 
they see in this commonplace world 
gives them. 

The former in her God's World 

"O world, I cannot hold thee close 

Thy winds, thy wide gray skies! 
The mists that roll and rise. 
Thy woods, this autumn day, that ache 

and sag 
And all but cry with color! That gaunt 

To crush! To lift the lean of that black 

World, world, I cannot get thee close 

"Long have I known a glory in it all, 
But never knew I this; 
Here such a passion is 
As stretcheth me apart. Lord, I do fear 
Thou'st made the world too beautiful 

this year; 
My soul is all but out of me — let fall 

No burning leaf: prithee, let no bird call." 

Sara Teasdale's Barter expresses 
a similar intense appreciation for 
the beauty of the world, and of 

"Life has loveliness to sell- — ■ 

All beautiful and splendid things, 

Blue waves, whitening on the cliff, 
Climbing fire that sways and sings, 

And children's faces looking up, 

Holding wonder like a cup. 

"Life has loveliness to sell — 

Music like a curve of gold, 
Scent of pine trees in the rain ; 

Eyes that love you, arms that hold, 
And for your spirit's still delight 
Holy thoughts that star the night. 

"Spend all you have for loveliness! 

Buy it and never count the cost, 
For one whole singing hour of peace 

Count many a year of strife well lost. 
And for a breath of ecstasy 
Give all you have been, or would be." 

"If I had two loaves, I would 
sell one of them and buy white 
hyacinths to feed my soul." 


A TRUE gentleman is one who 
■*^ never inflicts unnecessary pain. 
He carefully avoids whatever may 
cause a jar or a jolt in the mind 
of those with whom he is cast — 
his great concern being to make 
everyone at ease and at home. He 
has his eyes on all his company, 
he is tender toward the bashful, 
gentle toward the distant, and mer- 
ciful toward the absurd. He can 
recollect to whom he is speaking, 
he guards against unseasonable al- 
lusions on topics which may irri- 
tate; he is seldom prominent in 
conversation, and never wearisome. 
He is never mean or little in his 
disputes, never takes unfair advan- 
tages, never mistakes personalities 
or sharp sayings for arguments, or 
insinuates evil which he dare not 
say out. From long-sighted pru- 
dence, he observes the maxim of 
the ancient sage "that we ever con- 
duct ourselves toward our enemy 
as if he were someday to be our 
friend." — Cardinal Newman. 

What Book? 


BOOKS are like people — they 
have a soul. In fact, they 
are people — the dreams, the 
hopes, the revelations of people. 

Vanity Fair in a very real sense 
is Thackeray, just as The Raven 
is Edgar Allen Poe, in a particular 
mood. The ideas imprisoned in 
the words by means of symbols we 
call letters and in sentences by 
means of a combination of words 
are distillations from their minds. 
Their ideas are, as it were, pre- 
served for future use. 

The sarcasm, the humor that 
was Thackeray and the melancholy 
that was Poe, like the flavor of 
strawberries or pears, are tucked 
away to be released by the brows- 
ing mind. 

Because libraries are everywhere 
and free reading material is abun- 
dant, many people think they can 
get along without owning books. 
They can, but the joy of intimate 
companionship, the book borrow- 
er can never know. One can as 
easily borrow friends and expect 
them to reflect back friendship as 
to borrow a book and expect it to 
become an abiding counselor and 

No man is too poor to gather 
around him a few friends — in 

Since books are people, having 
preserved in them the essences of 
their authors, those that are in- 
vited to a home there to abide are 
selected, or should be, as one selects 
companions. There are some that 
will answer gayety with gayety, 
humor with humor, and specula- 
tion with speculation. Just as one 
might select Jim, not Joe, for a 
hunting trip, and Joe, not Jim, 
as a companion at a theater party, 
one will visit with his friends in 
books according to his moods. 

'T'HEN the question arises: What 
• book am I to invite to be a 
constant visitor in my study or 
as a companion during the evening 
by the fire-place or ander the shade 
of a tree during my vacation? 

There is no way for one person 
to tell another. That is a matter 
far too personal for any one but 
one's self to decide. The book 
that may captivate me, might leave 

you cold, just as the friend who 
contributes most to my enjoyment 
might bore you to tears, as the 
moderns say. 

I can, however, tell you about 
my friends and why I like them. 
Perhaps my introduction will help 
you to know them and through 
knowing them, you may come to 
love them, too. Then perhaps 
some day you'll introduce your 
friends to me. I meet many 
through book reviews whom after- 
wards I come to love. 

What book, then? 

Not sets such as agents sell un- 
less one has much money, for sets 
are usually expensive, and usually 
carry many people with them who 
can never mean much in one's 
home. Not books of the month 
or any other scheme that leaves 
the selection for some one else to 

I am fond of individual books; 
books with individuality. Strange 
ly enough — or is it strange — 
— I am not partial to gilt edges 
and leather bindings and expensive 
dress for my friendly books. I 
like buckram and cloth, and even 
paper and pasteboard if they are 
beautifully done. 

I like at my fireside first, a dic- 
tionary as an interpreter. Mine 
is made by an old company. I 
like its style and makeup. 

Then, of course, \[ jhave the 
Church works. The Bible, es- 
pecially, is a library, a whole con- 
gregation of friends, one for every 
mood. Then I have several books 
of selections from the Bible that 
are a little more intimate, a little 
more friendly than my sober old 
book done in severe black. 

T COULDN'T be without Shake- 
speare. I have besides the bard's 
complete works a number of his 
individual plays. Occasionally I 
like to laugh with or at old fat Sir 
John Falstaff, to grieve with King 
Lear, or to philosophize with 
Hamlet. Many an hour I have 
spent communing with Macbeth 
of the poetic, but disintegrating 

But all of my friends are not 
great men and women, according 
to the world's judgment, but they 

are great to me. Badger Clark, 
the poet laureate of North Dakota, 
rubs elbows with Lew Sarett, and 
James Whitcomb Riley has a place 
of honor beside Emerson, who to 
me, is a major prophet, so to speak. 

Omar and James Allen are fre- 
quent companions of my leisure 
as are Sinbad, the Sailor, Walt 
Whitman and Poe. 

I am fond of anthologies, es- 
pecially anthologies of poetry, for 
in them I have somebody's choice 
of the poems of Sandburg or Lind- 
say, Edna St. Vincent Millay or 
Emily Dickinson. 

I have probably named enough 
of my friends jnow to indicate 
what sort of a person I am, for 
a man is known by the company 
he keeps. But no matter — I am 
what I am. 

How do I choose my book 

I browse among the books in 
a book store and when I find one 
that seems to flash back a new 
world to my signalling, I buy it. 
Or, sometimes, I read what some 
reviewer has said of one he has 
met, or I hear you tell of the help 
you drew from some particular 

I do not read some of my books 
much — some of them not once in 
a year or more, but their presence 
there where I can touch them and 
can counsel with them gives me a 
comfortable feeling that I would 
not be without for their price. 

What book, then? 

That book, which, upon read- 
ing, you find reaching out to you 
with clinging hands. Hillaire Bel- 
loc would say that book or poem 
or article that by some means re- 
veals to you the "unknown coun- 
try" that lies behind this one we 
know and which we see only in 
"moments of revelation." 


fT is chiefly through books that 
we enjoy intercourse with su- 
perior minds, and these invaluable 
means of communication are in the 
reach of all. In the best books 
great men talk to us, give us their 
most precious thoughts, and pour 
their souls into ours.- — William 
Ellery Channing, 


All Melchizedek Priesthood material is prepared under the direction of the Council of the Twelve; 
and all Aaronic Priesthood material is prepared under the direction of the Presiding Bishopric. 

To All Stake Presidencies and Ward Bishoprics 

Dear Brethren: 

As there appears to be a question 
among some of those connected with 
the Aaronic Priesthood regarding this 
important work, we are presenting 
some instructions and suggestions here- 
with, with the request that they be 
imparted to all those engaged in the 
progress of the Aaronic Priesthood in 
order to be clearly understood. 

1. It is very desirable that ward 
Priesthood meetings should be held 
every week throughout the entire year 
as far as practicable. This naturally 
entails the determination by the stake 
presidency and ward bishoprics as to 
the best time for holding the ward 
Priesthood meetings in order to secure 
the best attendance and activity of 
the Priesthood. 

2. The Aaronic Priesthood plan 
and lesson work is laid out for the 
whole year from January 1st to De- 
cember 31st. Therefore, the lesson 
books that were issued at the begin- 
ning of this iyear are to be used 
throughout this year until the close, 
when new lesson books will be pro- 
vided for next year. As far as pos- 
sible, all deacons, teachers and priests 
should have a copy of their own lesson 
book. They are available at the 
Presiding Bishop's Office at a cost of 
10c each. Where Priesthood classes 
have not been held during this past 
summer the lesson outlines will have 
to be shortened somewhat and more 
ground covered each week during the 

remainder of this year in order to start 
out with a new course on January 1st. 

3. The time for holding the weekly 
ward Priesthood meetings is left with 
the stake presidency and ward bishop- 
rics to determine the hour best suited 
to secure the largest attendance and 
interest of all Priesthood members. 
This time may be either Sunday morn- 
ing before Sunday School, in Sunday 
School, immediately after Sunday 
School, or on Tuesday evenings. The 
hour selected should be such that 
meetings can be held satisfactorily at 
the same time throughout the summer 
also. If the Priesthood quorum or 
class meetings are h£ld during the 
Sunday School period, the different 
quorums should meet as such, inde- 
pendently of the girls, and carry out 
the program as explained in the front 
part of the text books, with the ex- 
ception that in such case the Sunday 
School lessons may be used instead of 
the Priesthood lessons. But, in this 
event, the Priesthood lessons should 
be used as an outside reading course, 
and credit given as an assignment for 
all who readf each lesson. If the 
Priesthood meeting is held at any 
other time, the Priesthood lessons 
should be followed as indicated in the 
lesson books. 

4. It is advantageous to hold a reg- 
ular! weekly 'Priesthood (meeting ,in 
each ward, consisting of a general 
assembly, and then separate for quo- 
rum or class work, each quorum 

or class meeting independently with 
the officers conducting the exercises, 
in order to stimulate greater results 
in effective ward teaching and to pro- 
mote stronger Priesthood responsibili- 
ty and quorum activity. 

5. The success of Aaronic Priest- 
hood work is entirely dependent upon 
whole-hearited, sympathetic eupervji- 
sion. If the bishopric will show the 
proper interest, and also select and 
encourage the right kind of men for 
supervisors, the Priesthood members 
will give their support by showing 
continually greater interest and activi- 
ty. The responsibility for this work 
rests upon the presiding officers of 
each stake and ward. 

We wish to call your attention to 
the Aaronic Priesthood convention 
which is to be held in connection with 
General Conference on Friday after- 
noon, October 3rd at 4:15 p. m. 
in the Assembly Hall. It is greatly 
desired that representatives of all stakes 
and wards be in attendance. If you 
have any questions regarding any items 
of Aaronic Priesthood work we shall 
be glad to have you either write us 
or else present such questions at that 

Wishing you continued success in 
this important work, we are, with 
cordial wishes. 

Sincerely your brethren. 

The Presiding Bishopric, 
Sylvester Q. Cannon. 



Uniform Sunday Lessons for Discussion of Timely Topics 

"VTUMEROUS insidious influences 
-^ are at work to lead young and 
old among the Latter-day Saints to 
forsake the splendid standards that 
for a hundred years, our Church has 
been seeking to establish and maintain. 

Sensing this condition the Council 
of the Twelve have requested that 
regular courses of study for the Priest- 
hood include the discussion of certain 
vital topics. It is. therefore, recom- 
mended that on the first Sunday of 
January, March, May, July, Septem- 
ber and November, 1931, uniform 
subjects be considered by all classes 
except the kindergarten, primary and 
Church history. 

Leaflets and Instructor articles will 
furnish materials for discussion on 
these Sundays. 

Since the topics will deal with mat- 

ters which directly affect the personal 
welfare of the Priesthood and mem- 
bers of their families, it is requested 
that quorum officers and committees 
interest themselves directly in this 
movement and make a special effort 
to secure the attendance of all quorum 
members on these Sundays. 

Some schools may find it desirable 
to combine in one group their two 
or three Gospel doctrine classes, and 
in another group, all lesser Priesthood 

It is recommended that Sunday 
School superintendents arrange confer- 
ences between Melchizedek Priesthood 
officers, or group leaders, and Gospel 
doctrine class leaders, to determine by 
whom and in what manner these 
topics will be presented to the adults; 
and also that Lesser Priesthood super- 

visors be called in conference with the 
teachers of Lesser Priesthood classes 
to discuss the best methods of getting 
these subjects over to the young peo- 

Also, it is recommended that, as 
far as practicable, Priesthood organi- 
zations set themselves the duty of 
laboring with their members to induce 
all to commit themselves to the ob- 
servance of the principles taught. In 
many instances this work can be un- 
dertaken as a special project in quo- 
rums or in wards. 

Subjects for Uniform Sunday 
School Lessons: 

1. Evils of the smoking habit. 

2. Moral standards — personal pur- 

3. Prayer as a safeguard against 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


4. Dangers in the use of alcoholic 

5. Influence of associates on our 
character development. 

6. Why the Church advises its 
members not to join secret orders. 

7. Character development through 10. Desirability of temple marriages. 

the observance of fast days, 

8. Honesty — trustworthiness. 

9. Gambling — something for noth- 

1 1 . Character development through 
the payment of tithing. 

12. Sanctity of the Priesthood — our 
privileges in the Priesthood. 


Older Inactive Men Bearing, the Aaronic Priesthood 

'"PHE question is asked, "What 
■*■ shall be done with such men?" 
In answering this question we may 
probably ask another: "What can be 
done if they are indifferent but are 
not doing anything in opposition to 
the Church or transgressing any com- 
mandments severely affecting their 
standing?" The only thing that can 
be done is to seek in every way pos- 
sible to get them interested in the per- 
formance of their duties. It is not 
proper to disfellowship them for in- 

If they can be drawn to meeting 
they should be appointed to meet with 
the elders if they are over twenty-one 
years of age. They should be made 
welcome by the quorum presidency. 
Their names could be listed on the 
quorum rolls separately from the 

members so that they will feel at least 
that they are considered to be properly 
in attendance at the elders' meeting. 
The Aaronic Priesthood quorum to 
which they belong should give them 
credit for attendance, even though they 
meet with the elders. The bishopric 
and the Aaronic Priesthood quorum 
supervisors should be particularly 
helpful to them in making them wel- 
come and getting them to take part 
in the activities and duty assignments 
as far as justifiable. If they become 
active and faithful they should be 
recommended for ordination to the 
Melchizedek Priesthood. 

In some wards considerable success 
has attended the efforts of the bishop- 
rics and supervisors in their endeavors 
to get older men bearing the Aaronic 
Priesthood to attend meeting and to 

take part. Of course this condition 
should be avoided as far as the future 
is concerned, by whole-hearted, enthu- 
siastic supervision of the Aaronic 
Priesthood and getting every member 
to attend regularly and take part in 
the performance of duty. If this is 
now given proper attention, generally, 
the present generation will develop 
into faithful, active Priesthood mem- 
bers. This result is being actually 
achieved in some wards through the 
means already mentioned. 

While it is true that inactivity of 
members reduces the percentage and 
reflects unfavorably on the reports of 
the Aaronic Priesthood, the fact is 
that percentages are not the most im- 
portant thing to consider and every 
possible effort should be made to save 
and bring into activity every member. 




p ARVANZA WARD. Hollywood 
y* Stake: Bishop Albin Hoglund 
advises that in this ward of 497 mem- 
bers the young men and women are 
particularly active and faithful. Only 
one young man in the ward uses to- 
bacco and he is overcoming the habit. 

The Aaronic Priesthood members are 
showing fine activity. Everyone who 

Field Notes 

is earning means is a tithepayer. Thir- 
ty-five percent of the members are 
tithepayers. During the eight years 
that the ward has been organized the 
block teaching has been done com- 
pletely every month. During July of 
this year actually 145 per cent of 
visits were made by the ward teachers. 
This is accounted for by the fact that 
visits were made to a number of mem- 

bers not yet of record in the ward, 
and to some non-members. The effort 
is made always to visit new members 
as soon as their arrival is known. The 
attendance at Sacrament meetings dur- 
ing 1929 was 30 percent. When it 
is realized that this ward covers an 
area about equal to the whole of Salt 
Lake City it can be better appreciated 
what good work is being done. 




Mar Vista Ward Priesthood 

THE following graphic description 
the organization of the Priesthood 
in this enterprising California ward 
will show how the various commit- 
tees may be made to function., 

O. H. Hewlett President 

Samuel Strong 1st Counselor 

Clyde B. Lee 2nd Counselor 

Robert M. Anderson Secretary 

Quorum meets every Tuesday at 
7:30 p. m. in ward chapel. Every 
member expected to be present or send 
excuse for being absent. 

Personal Welfare Committee 

Sponsored by O. H. Hewlett 
H. LaVon Reese, chairman. 

O. E. Petersen; C. H. Marble; U. L. 
Higham; Geoff ery Harper; L. A. 
Thomas; L. E. Christensen. 

Church Service Committee 

Sponsored by Clyde B. Lee 
P. M. Mortensen, Chairman. Mem- 
bers: Alvin Ludlow; Geo. Bowles; 
C. O. Ecklund; Waldo Milkey. 

Class Instruction 
Sponsored by Samuel Strong 
E. S. Christensen. Chairman. Mem- 
bers: Joel H. Orton; J. L. Quist; Jas. 
A. Lee. 

Miscellaneous Activities 
Sponsored by O. H. Hewlett 

Dale Farr, Chairman. Members: E. 

C. Allen; Robt. B. Ferguson; Marvin 

Christensen; Earl G. Bleak; Marion 


The order of business for the week- 
ly meetings of the Priesthood group 
should be as follows: 

(1) Singing; (2) Prayer; (3) 
Roll Call — indication of activities of 
members; (4) Reports of committees; 
(5) Assignments for week; (6) con- 
sideration of principles of conduct; 
(7) Miscellaneous business; (8) Ben- 

Activities of Group 

All activities to be assigned to four 
committees under the direction of 
chairman of group. 

Names of Committees 

(1) Personal Welfare; (2) Class 
Instruction; (3) Church Service; (4) 
Miscellaneous. (All composed of three 
or more members) . 

Personal Welfare Committee 

Its first consideration should be 
to group members. This can be 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 



All Parts 

of the 


'THOUSANDS of cus- 
tomers, and many in 
foreign countries, keep 
their , reserves here — 
where your money is safe 
and where you can get it 
when you want it. 
Start a Savings account 
today. 4% interest- 

compounded semi-annu- 

Condensed Report of 

Total Cash and Liq- 

| uid Assets $ 6,246,197.26 

( Total Deposits „.. 13,444,575.35 
I Total Resources— 15,396,252.83 

Heber J. Grant, President J 

Anthony W. Ivins, Vice President j 
John F. Bennett, Vice President 
George S. Spencer, Cashier 
Willard R. Smith, Asst f Cashier 
William McEwan, Asst. Cashier 



3 On South Main Street 
Salt Lake City, Utah 

grouped under four headings: (1) 
Physical health; (2) Intellectual ac- 
tivity; (3) Vocational anad financial 
efficiency; (4) Proper conduct and 
spiritual group. 

Class Instruction Committee 
Duties: (1) Supervise Class in- 
struction in the quorum; (2) Co-op- 
erate with class instructors in Sunday 
School; (3) See that the proper cred- 
it is given each quorum member for 
services rendered during the past 
month or week. 

Church Service Committee 
Duties: (1) To help advance 
work of the Church; (2) Convey the 
idea that every member should be 
willing to work whenever called; (3) 
Ward teaching; (4) Home mission- 
ary work; (5) Foreign missionary- 
work (aid in every way possible) ; 
(6) Learn to perform all ordinances 
of the Church properly. 
General Duties of Committee 

(1) Meet regularly; (2) Have 
regular order of business and adhere 
to it; (3) Have all projects of com- 
mittee recorded by the secretary; (4) 
Make assignments of portion of work 
to each member of committee; (5) 
Make work under its charge function; 
(6) Special work of each committee. 
Miscellaneous Committee 
Duties: (1) Cooperate with work 
and assist officers in all activities; (2) 
Gather useful information; (3) Su- 
pervise all quorum social affairs; (4) 
Athletic contests; (5) Maintaining at- 
tendance; (6) Transportation; (7) 
Survey and statistics; (8) Assist the 
group secretary in securing and col- 
lecting records; (9) Financial. 

Joseph Smith 

AModern American 


(Continued from page 809) 

it anywhere. And I wanted to 
go home today, too." 

"Never mind, Mr. Knight," 
says Mother Smith evasively. 
'There are lots of nooks and cor- 
ners in the pasture that you do not 
know anything about. I will call 
William and see about your 

"But my wagon is gone, too! 
I'm sure some one has stolen both 
the horse and the wagon." 

Outwardly Mother Smith is 
calm enough, but inwardly she is 
more disturbed by far than either 
Father Smith or Mr. Knight. She 
trembles with fear lest something 
may have happened to her son 
Joseph. Maybe he has met with 

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The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


another disappointment because he 
has not been strict enough in keep- 
ing the commandments of the An- 
gel to him. This morning is an 
especial strain on her mind. 

At last he comes! But where 
are the plates? Mother Smith's 
apprehensions are well grounded, 
it seems. Joseph has met with an- 
other disappointment. In order 
to conceal her feelings under the 
circumstances, she leaves the room. 

Joseph follows her. 

"Don't be uneasy, Mother," he 
says to her. "Everything is all 
right. See this. I have got a key 
with me." 

AND he takes out of his pocket 
a curious looking thing. It 

is two stones in silver bows, mak- 
ing it resemble in appearance a 
huge pair of spectacles. This, he 
explains to his mother, is called 
the urim and thummim, and its 
possession, especially when fast- 
ened to a breastplate, constituted 
anciently what was known as a 

t i it 

Mother Smith takes into her 
hand this curious instrument and 
examines it. Having done so, she 
gives it back to Joseph. He does 
not say anything about the plates, 
and she does not ask about them. 
Some days later, when Mr. Smith 
inquires of Emma if she knows 
where the golden book is, Emma 
says she does not know. Which 
is the truth. 

"What about that chest, moth- 
er?" Joseph asks. "You know, 
I'll have to have one now to keep 
the plates in. I feel that I'll have 
all sorts of difficulties keeping 
them from the curious." 

"Well," she answers, "you'd 
better go to the man who made 
some furniture for Sophronia when 
she got married. Tell him I'll pay 
him for making a chest for you — 
one half in cash and the rest in 

(To be continued) 




C^LOD shows us in himself, 

strange as it may seem, not 
only authoritative perfection, but 
even the perfection of obedience, — 
an obedience to his own laws; and 
in the cumbrous movement of 
those unwieldiest of his creatures 
we are reminded, even in his divine 
essence, of that attribute of up- 
rightness in the human creature 
"that sweareth to his own hurt 
and changeth not." — Ruskin. 


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-= 3 " I ='T^ 

General Superintendency 
Y. M. M. I. A. 

George Albert Smith, 

Richard R. Lyman, 

Melvin J. Ballard, 

Executive Secretary: 

Oscar A. Kirkham, 

Executive Department 

General Offices Y. M. M. I. A. 

47 East South Temple Street 

General Offices Y. L. M. I. A. 

33 Bishop's Building 

General Presidency 
Y. L. M. I. A. 

Ruth May Fox, 
Lucy Grant Cannon, 
Clarissa A. Beesley, 

Secretary : 

Elsie Hogan 

The Tuesday Evening, Half -Hour Programs 

ALL the preparations for a tre- 
mendously successful year in M. 
I. A. have been completed. The of- 
ficers in stakes and wards are all ap- 
pointed, the opening social has been 
held, the departments all organized and 
beginning to function, and the half- 
hour activity programs presented 
as outlined for September 23 and 30. 

Now, the period for mass partici- 
pation begins — October 1 to March 
1 7. If the programs are followed in 
detail as suggested in the Hand-Book 
Supplement, it will be found that the 
requirements made in order to reach 
"A" standards will all be fulfilled in 
the time allotted. 

It is very important that each as- 
sociation begins the programs at once, 
and follow them through week by 
week. On eight evenings during this 
period the association divides into 
groups, — drama, music, etc., for 
study of "A" standards or for re- 
hearsals; on fourteen evenings, all 
groups meet in joint assembly for the 
presentation of the various events. On 
the eight occasions when the division 
into groups occurs, care should be 
taken to avoid confusion and loss of 

time. If the groups are well organ- 
ized the first night the personnel will 
remain about the same each evening 

The Retold Story group will be 
made up largely of Junior girls and 
Vanguards, (meeting separately or to- 

The Drama group in large wards 
will consist of many who will wish to 
study dramatics while in small wards 
it may consist mainly of those who 
make up the casts for the three plays 

In every Music group . an effort 
should be made to secure enough mem- 
bers to organize at least one ladies' 
chorus, one male quartet, (or chorus 
if possible), and one double mixed 
quartet; but all others interested should 
be invited to join this group. 

At least ten per cent of the organ- 
ization is to form the dancing group, 
and while this group has opportunity 
for special study of standards and par- 
ticipation in the contest and other 
group dances, at least three occasions 
are provided when all the members of 
the association may participate, as for 
example, the fifth Tuesday in Sep- 

tember, the third Tuesday in Decem- 
ber and the third Tuesday in January. 

The Public Speaking Group will 
consist largely of M Men and Gleaners, 
but all others who desire development 
in this splendid art are encouraged 
to join this group. 

Four things are to be kept in mind 
as goals to be reached in carrying for- 
ward the Tuesday evening half-hour 

1. To have at least seventy-five per 
cent of all members participate in one 
or more event. The ward secretary 
will check off each name on the roll 
as soon as the individual appears in 
public in any event. 

2. To organize groups in each 
event according to the requirements 
for Stake recognition, see Supplement, 
page 19. 

3. To have all participants if pos- 
sible reach "A" standard in the events 

4. To have as many events as pos- 
sible of such high standard of excel- 
lence that they shall be worthy of be- 
ing entered in the Church-wide con- 


Suggested Program for the Sunday Night Conjoint Meeting, 

For November 

OPENING song: Shall the Youth 
of '/.ion Falter. 


Ladies' chorus (See M. I. A. Supple- 
ment to Handbook, page 16 for 
recommended numbers) . 

Personal Chastity — A Latter-day 
Saint Ideal— By *'M" Man— 10 
minutes (see paragraph following) . 

"Make the Lord of Hosts Your 
Friend" (See chapter on "Gleaning 

Among Friends" in Gleaner manual 
page 61) — By Gleaner Girl — 10 
Orchestra (or instrumental selection) 
— page 21 Supplement to M. I. A. 

Home Building — A Latter-day Saint 
Achievement — By "M" man- — 10 

"I Will Gather Treasures of Truth" 

(Gleaner Sheaf and Project — see 

Gleaner Manual, page 123) — By 
Gleaner Girl — 10 minutes. 
Male chorus (page 16, Supplement to 
M I. A. Handbook) or community 
singing, Our Mountain Home So 
Dear) . 


Where ladies' chorus or male chorus 
is used, credit is to be given in the 
Mass Participation Contest, as is also 
the case with the addresses. 

The Improvement Era for October , 1930 


Personal Chastity — A 
Latter-day Saint Ideal 

WHEN Jacob blessed his sons, he 
said of Reuben, "Unstable as 
water, thou shalt not excel." And 
he said of another son, "Joseph is a 
fruitful bough whose branches have 
run over the wall; * * * his bow shall 
abide in strength." What was behind 
the difference in these blessings? Sim 
ply a difference in personal chastity, 
a standard measure of moral strength. 

The Grecian mother preferred her 
son dead upon his shield than alive 
without it: the Latter-day Saint moth- 
er thinks of her son as better dead 
than denied. 

Personal chastity is self loyalty; its 
opposite is self betrayal. Personal 
chastity is the distinguishing feature 
between a life in the upper or in the 
under world; personal chastity is a cit- 
adel which chivalry nev/er fails to 
defend; it is a sanctuary where love 
is protected by honor. 

Personal chastity is a pre-requisite 
to the enjoyment of the presence of 
God; among the beatitudes not one is 
of greater import than "Blessed are 
the pure in heart for they shall see 

Divine commandments are of little 
or no value until they are adopted by 
the self and the greatest of the self- 
commandments is: "Be Ye Clean." 


Attention, Stake 

Superintendents and 


^ General Board to stakes, whether 
concerning matters of administration or 
department work are, generally speak- 
ing, addressed to Stake Superintendents 
or Stake Presidents. When such cor- 
respondence relates to the various de- 
partments, the Superintendents and 
Presidents are asked first to advise 
themselves of its content, and then 
to pass it on immediately to the de- 
partment or departments designated. 
Lack of promptness in this may cause 
serious delay in the progress of our 

The Life of Joseph Smith 

"C ACH year, one of the Standard 
■*--* works of the Church or some other 
volume of a religious nature, finds a 
place on the M. I. A. Reading Course. 
Last year it was the Doctrine and 
Covenants; before that, the Pearl of 
Great Price, the Book of Moron, the 
Bible. This year it is the Life of 
Joseph Smith, by George Q. Cannon. 
Lovingly and tenderly this volume is 
written; in its perusal the reader feels 
the courage, the pathos, the spiritual 
exaltation in the life of the great 

All M. I. A. officers and many 
other members of the association will 
wish to read this stirring faith-promot- 
ing biography. 


Activity Leaders 

THE new plan which provides for 
an activity leader in each depart- 
ment of the M. I. A., which leaders 
associated form the Community Ac- 
tivity Committee, under the chair- 
manship of a counselor from each 
organization, is now in operation 
practically Church-wide. 

It should be borne in mind that 
these activity leaders work in a dual 
capacity: (1) as the representative 
and advisor for the department to 
which they are assigned and in which 
they assist in every way possible to 
promote and stimulate the activities 
of the class (even though !in the 
M Men and Gleaner departments the 
class Presidents may have in hand the 
responsibility of carrying forward the 
program) ; and (2) as a community 
officer interested in furthering a spe- 
cific activity, such as drama, dancing, 
music, retold story, and public speak- 
ing among members of all ages. 

On the Tuesday evening half-hour 
program, the activity leaders will be 
called into intensive service, their di- 
rect association with a particular class 
group interrupted for the time, per- 
haps. Service will be rendered in the 
activity in which a leader is most 
proficient, regardless of class associ- 
ation. For example, during this last 
half hour the Junior leader may be 
giving instruction in dancing while 
(Continued on page 82^) 


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The Improvement Era for October, 1930 

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Dr. Arthur L. Beeley, and Lucy W. Smith, Chairmen; Dr. Joseph F. Merrill, Dr. 

Franklin S. Harris, Lewis T. Cannon, Dr. Lyman L. Daines, Ann M. Cannon, Rose W. 

Bennett, Emily H. Higgs, Charlotte Stewart 

The Manual 

THE adult committc of the General 
Board believes that an exceptionally 
good manual is presented in Com- 
munity Health and Hygiene. Of course 
it deals with a technical subject, but 
fortunately it is written in every-day 
language so that any reader can under- 
stand it. Further, the class leader does 
not need to be an expert in the sub- 
ject matter of the manual. Anyone 
who knows how to conduct a class by 
the discussion method — the method 
strongly recommended in the use of 
this manual — will find that he (she) 
can succeed as class leader in the Adult 
Department. Lecturers will not be 
needed. Occasionally an expert (if 
one is available) may be asked to 

The Project 

IN the preface of the book will be 
found a clear statement on how to 
use the manual. This preface should 
be carefully studied by the class lead- 
ers and its directions followed. At- 
tention is therein called to Chapter 
25. This outlines six health projects 
and gives directions on how to carry 
them forward. It is assumed that one 
of these projects, or some other equal- 
ly good one, shall be selected and 
be carried forward as indicated. It is 
left to each community to make its 
own selection. It will be seen that, 
in general, each project is community 
wide and therefore, to be successfully 
carried out, all the adult classes in a 
given community should unite on the 
same project. There may be two or 
more projects going forward in the 
same stake if conditions in the differ- 
ent towns of the stake are different. 
Each town should select a health pro- 
ject adapted to its nee,ds. 

The manual has been written by 
two professors at the University of 
Utah — Drs. L. L. Daines and A. L. 
Beeley — each being an outstanding ex- 
pert in the field in which he has writ- 
ten. The information given by these 
writers is up-to-date and is wholly re- 
liable. Theories have been avoided 
and only well-tested facts presented. 
For the price — only fifty cents — the 
committee believes the manual gives 
more for the money than any other 
book in its field. The information it 
contains is worth to any home many 
times its price. Many lives will an- 
nually be saved, needless suffering and 

much expense be avoided if the plea 
made in the manual is heeded — a plea 
to apply in daily living the informa- 
tion given. 

Every home should have a copy of 
the manual. Certainly every member 
of the Adult Department will want 
one, for by its use will he find atten- 
dance at adult classes very interesting 
and profitable. Contrary to a wide- 
spread belief, the material in the man- 
ual does not duplicate the lessons that 
have been, or are being given in the 
Relief Society. 


TN those wards where classes in gene- 
■*• alogy are organized it is recom- 
mended that the plan of last year be 
followed, i. e. the genealogy and adult 
M. I. A. classes to meet jointly the 
first Tuesday in each month to carry 
forward the adult project, and separ- 
ately the other Tuesday evenings. In 
wards too small to support both class- 
es meeting simultaneously these classes 
meet jointly every Tuesday evening, 
the first Tuesday of the month being 
devoted to the project and the Tues- 
days alternately to the manual and to 
genealogy. In such wards this plan 
seems to be the best solution. 

Class Period 

TN a joint meeting September 3, 
*• 1930, of the General Boards of 
M. I. A. a motion was passed recom- 
mending that all ward Mutuals give 
forty-five minutes to class discussion 
in the departments. It is hoped that 
adult leaders will jealously guard this 
time for class discussion. In those 
wards where the Priesthood classes 
meet on Tuesday evening this means 
extending the closing time beyond 9 
p. m. 

The Book 

HTHE book recommended for this 
*• Department is "Grandmother 
Brown's One Hundred Years," priced 
at $3.00. Every adult member may 
read this book with profit and delight. 
If each member will contribute a few 
cents to its purchase by the Depart- 
ment, the book may be loaned week 
by week to the members and all will 
have the privilege of reading it. It: 
is recommended that this plan be fol- 
lowed. (See page 828.) 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


Gleaner Girls Department 


Emily C. Adams 
Grace C. Neslen, Chairman, Rachel G. Taylor, Martha G. Smith, Margaret Newman, 

Sunday Evening Joint 

THE rare privilege has been accorded 
the M Men and Gleaners of furn- 
ishing two programs for the Sunday 
evening Conjoint M. I. A. meetings, 
during the coming year. 

The first one is to be the first Sun- 
day in November, and those who are 
to participate in this program should 
begin their preparation immediately 
so that a program of a high standard 
may be presented in every ward in the 

This affords the young men and 
women an opportunity to appear pub- 
licly before the whole ward and should 
be a splendid means of development 
for them as well, as a chance to furnish 
an uplifting and interesting program 
for their hearers. 

In selecting the musical numbers, 
be sure that those suitable to the Sab- 
bath day are chosen. 

• See Executive Department for de- 
tailed suggestions. 

The Project 

While there are but two evenings of 
the Gleaner program devoted to their 
project it constitutes the "home 
work" for the entire year. 

Dr. Bennion, in his manual on 
Gleaning says, "Gleaning is a process 
of Harvesting — a Gathering In." To 
"gather in" and make a permanent 
record of life experiences, as they have 
been influenced by the Gospel teach- 
ings, is the binding of the Gleaner 
sheaf, as well as the 1930 project. A 
constant check of progress should be 
made from week to week. Individual 
conferences of the leaders with the 
girls will be absolutely necessary for 
this work to be carried over success- 

If the leaders and officers of the 
Gleaner organization have caught the 
vision of what "Treasures of Truth" 
may mean in their lives, and in the 
lives of their girls they will ever be on 
the alert to stimulate the Gleaners by 
example and inspirational help in put- 
ting over their project. 

On September 23rd a clear and de- 
tailed explanation of how to proceed 
with the compilation of "Treasures of 
Truth" should have been given. On 
page 123 of the manual on "Glean- 
ing" this subject is treated. If for 
any reason it was not possible to get 
the project launched on that night. 

time should be taken at your next 
meeting of the Gleaners to thoroughly 
discuss this subject. 

As to the type of book or binding 
used, the girls should be left free to 
choose. The permanent record should 
be one in which just pride may be 
taken on account of content, neatness 
and attractiveness. To obtain such 
a result the first draft of the family 
history, experiences, and true stories 
may be written in a common note 
book, as in most instances it will be 
necessary to make alterations, additions 
and improvement in style of writing 
before the girl will feel that her effort 
is ready for final copying into her 
permanent record. 

Attention, Gleaner Leaders! 

The time has arrived when every- 
thing for the new season should be in 
full swing. 

Have you Gleaner leaders studied 
the manual so that you know ahead 
what the entire year's program is? We 
are particularly fortunate in having the 
whole program all together in one 

The splendid class discussions — 
"Gleaning," by Dr. Adam S. Bennion, 
twenty-five in number, are all there, 
as are the activities for the M Men- 
Gleaner evenings. The Project- 
Sheaf — "I Will Gather Treasures of 
Truth" — is explained in detail. The 
books for the M Men and Gleaner 
departments are reviewed and the 
Question Box is discussed, as well as 
are other /things pertaining to the 
Gleaner Department. Altogether it is 
a very comprehensive little volume and 
one which will be invaluable to all 
Gleaner leaders. 

Read it and digest it and pass the 
enthusiasm which you are sure to get 
on to the girls, so that every one 
of them will want to own and study 
this manual. 

The Project and Sheaf 

Every Gleaner leader will do well to 
have a "Treasure Book" in which she 
can put many faith-promoting and in- 
spirational events, which would be the 
means of creating an incentive in the 
girls to do the same. 

Attendance and Enrollment 

Now is the time to get the girls 
around you and sell the M. I. A. to 

(Continued on page 827) 

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The Improvement Era for October, 1930 

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Junior Girls Department 


Laura P. Nicholson, Chairman; Agrnes C. Enowlton, Julia S. Baxter, Emma Goddard, 

Katie C. Jensen 

JUNIOR Leaders are referred to the 
Junior Manual "Believing and Do- 
ing," page 103, for complete calendar, 
of the year's program. Note especial- 
ly items for November. 

We hope you are well started in 
reading the book selected for this de- 
partment (either life of Schumann- 
,Heink or Bambi), and are greatly 
enjoying it. 

Begin early to plan for the "Junior 
Home Evening with Songs" for the 
December class activity night. 

We shall be glad to hear how your 
girls are responding to the discussions 
"Believing and Doing." 

The Project 

"We will develop vigorous minds 
and bodies through right thinking and 
right living." 

November class activity (Manual, 
p. 105). 

"Who learns and learns, 

But acts not what he knows, 

Is one who plows and plows 
But never sows." 

— Oriental Proverb. 

Have the girls select from the class 
a representative girl who rates high in 
personal grooming. Judge by — 
Personal cleanliness, hair, hands, 
skin, personal appearance, cos- 
tume harmony, color harmony, 

Select a girl from the class repre- 
sentative of good standing and sit- 
ting posture. Judge by the straight 
line test. 

Select girl with the best looking 
feet. Judge on 

Muscle tone, straight inner line, 
freedom from corns and callouses, 
and the straight line up the back 
of the heel. Do not be afraid to 
slip off your shoes. 
Select the well nourished girl by 
weight, muscle tone, distribution 
of fat over the body, color of 
skin, gloss of hair, carriage of 
the body, etc. 

Use the above score card and have 
the girls score themselves. 

Have them list the items they con- 
sider necessary to beauty and vigor of 
mind and body and give their import- 
ance as 1, 2, 3, 4, etc. 

We would like to have this mailed 
into the Committee — 34 Bishop's 
Bldg., Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Sample Health Score 

Are You as Attractive as Nature 
Intended You to Be? Score Yourself. 
Pom fs 

5 a. Hair. "A woman's chief glory 
lies in her hair." 
5. Glossy and free from oil. 
Not dry and brittle. 
5 b. Eyes. "Eyes that sparkle like 
stars at night." 
2. Bright, sparkling, alert, 
not dull and heavy. 

1. Not strained; no puckery 
lines or frowns. 

2. Clear white of eye; not 
muddy or yellow. 

5 c. Mouth. "Smile p,nd the world 
smiles with you." 

2. Pleasing expression. 

3. No mouth breathing. 

5 d. Teeth. "The charm of your 
smile comes in your teeth." 
3. Well cared for. 
2. Good apposititon (teeth 
meet properly) . 

10 e. Skin. "A skin you love to 

2. Clear without eruptions. 
2. Good color, not anemic. 
2. Moist and smooth, not 

dry and scaly. 
2. Tissues firm and elastic; 

not flabby or soggy. 

2. Lips naturally red. 

5 f. Hands. "Beauty at your finger 

3. Skin immaculately clean. 
Smooth without abrasions 
or cuts. 

2. Nails and cuticle clear and 

carefully cared for. (No 

extremes) . 
5 g. Feet. "A foot of comfort 
means miles of happiness/' 
3. Normal (of good shape) . 

Shoes worn evenly on 

heels and sole. 
2. Feet properly shod. (No 


10 h. Posture. "Graceful Carriage." 

1. Head well poised. 

1 . Shoulders level (one 
shoulder not higher than 
the other) . 

1 . Graceful body line un- 
fa r o k e n by abdomen. 
Chest high. 

1. Feet in good position — 
slightly apart and parallel. 

1. Arms in graceful relaxa- 
tion. Good lines and 
grace while seated. 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


1. Lower spine against chair 

1. Knees almost touching 
each other. 

1. Feet parallel or one cross- 
ed over the other. Har- 
mony of movement while 

1. An elastic step — firm, not 

1. Good rhythm of entire 
10 i. Correct weight for height and 

10 j. Good hearing. Can your hear 
ordinary conversation at 
sixteen feet? 
10 k, Good vision. Can you read 
ordinary print at arm's 
length without straining? 
Can you read the usual 
billboard sign across the 
20 1. The All-Important First Im- 

5. Radiating good health 
and spirits. (Full of en- 
thusiasm and interest; 
5. Poise. (A perfect control 
of self, often inspiring 
others with confidence and 

5. Voice. (The depth, the 
warmth, the force of your 
personality should speak 
through your voice.) 

5. "Pep." (The power that 
makes the world's wheels 
go round.) 

100 Total. Is your score what you 
would like it to be? If not, why 
not remedy it? "Health Makes 
From the Journal of Educational 
Method, March, 1925. Teacher Train- 
ing and Health Education. Mary L. 
Preston, State Teachers College, San 
Francisco, California. 

Height and Weight for Girls 
of 16 and 17 years of age 

Height 16 17 

58 in 91 lbs. 

59 in 96 lbs. 98 lbs. 

60 in 102 lbs. 104 lbs. 

61 in 108 lbs. 109 lbs. 

62 in 113 lbs. 114 lbs. 

63 in 117 lbs. 118 lbs. 

64 in 120 lbs. 121 lbs. 

65 in 123 lbs. 124 lbs. 

This age and weight table is taken 
from the one prepared by Thomas D. 
Wood of Columbia University. It is 
to be remembered that in using such 
scales, that they are average. An al- 
lowance of 10 per cent may be made 
if over weight or light weight is a 
family characteristic. 

Activity Leaders 

(Continued from page 821) 

the Adult or M Men leader is con- 
ducting the section in retold story. 
The development of activity inter- 
ests among all ages and groups is the 
objective of this program and toward 
its realization every officer and mem- 
ber of the M. I. A. should bend every 

The Spirit of the 

THE results of combined united ef- 
fort are always best when persons 
work with each other, for each other, 
help each other, criticize each other in 
a friendly way, and in the highest 
degree each offers his best for the other 
and for the whole. 

Then there exists the Spirit of the 


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Salt Lake At 

Broadway at State 


2229-31 Washington Ave. 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 

Ward Seatings 

Made in Utah 

Bank, Office, Church 

and Store Fixtures 

a Specialty 

Fine Cabinet Work 

Salt Lake Cabinet & 
Fixture Company 

I Factory: 1428-40 S. W. Temple 
j Office: 32 Richards Street 

j Salt Lake City, Utah 


September 26 to October 4 


jjo you dread the prepara- 
tion of meals? Perhaps the 
reason lies in out-of-date 
kitchen equipment. Let us 
show you the new kitchen 
cabinets, stoves, refrigera- 
tors, tables — the colorful 
linoleums for adding cheeri- 
ness — the other interesting 
kitchen accessories. Modern- 
ize your kitchen and see the 


135 South State Street 
Salt Lake City, Utah 


Bee Hive Girls Department 


Catherine Folsom, Chairman; Sarah R. Cannon, Vida Fox Clawson, Marie C. Thomas, 

Glenn J. Beeley, Elsie T. Brandley 


The first few weeks of the M. I. A. 
season are past, and now we are get- 
ting into the swing of the winter's 
work. In every ward new Bee-Hive 
Swarms have been organized and last 
year's Swarms called together. New 
girls are absorbing [the lovely spirit 
of the program — the Spirit of the 
Hive — and into their lives is coming 
intensified interest in activities. 

September has gone on with the 
summer months, and into the very 
heart of the work we are ready to 
plunge. The Plan of the Bee-Hive 
has been discussed with the girls, and 
the Probationary requirements checked. 
(Probationary req. No. 3-b, should 
be revised as follows: Presidency of 
the Y. L. M. I. A. as at present con- 
stituted — Ruth May Fox, Pres., Lucy 
G. Cannon, 1st Couns., Clarissa A. 
Beesley, 2nd Couns. In the Primary, 
May Anderson is Superintendent, with 
Isabelle Ross first and Edna Harker 
Thomas second assistant.) Every girl 
should have her Bee-Hive handbook 
and know the general content of it. 
Every Bee-Keeper should have her 
handbook also, and know in detail 
what is contained therein. 

Bee-Hive Plan 

The plan of the Bee-Hive is simple, 
after one gets in and studies. The life 
of the bee itself is one of active, pur- 
poseful activity, and on its plan of 
existence, the idea of the Bee-Hive 
organization is based. Briefly it is as 
follows: A group of girls, age 14 or 
15, are banded together to form a 
Bee-Hive Swafrm. Their leader is 
known as the Bee-Keeper, and as such 
will hold near to her heart the wel- 
fare of the girls while they are in her 
care. The program for the year is 
one of study and activity, and out- 
lines for it are to be found in the Bee- 
Hive Handbook previously mentioned, 
pages 15 (for Builders in the Hive) 
and 48 (for Gatherers of Honey). 
Bee-Keepers who have been in the 
work in past years can give a great 
deal of help to those coming in for 
the first time this year if they will 
take time to recall their initial diffi- 
culties and lend the assistance they 
would have appreciated in the be- 

Gathering in the Fields 

There are a great many organiza- 
tions for the young people of today, 

some of national and of international 
extent. The Bee-Hive Girls is one 
of the greatest of all — not in mem- 
bership, but in the scope if the pro- 
gram offered. As the bees go into 
the fields along the wayside and garner 
the honey from the flowers for their 
winter sustenance, The Bee-Hive Girls 
go into the fields of life and make 
their own the sweet value of experi- 
ence. They investigate and taste the 
sweetness of Religion, Home, Health, 
Domestic Art, Out of Doors, Busi- 
ness and Public Service. They learn 
the joy of knowing how to make and 
do things, and the greater joy of help- 
ing others in the knowledge and doing. 
They begin to find interests, which, if 
properly guided, will perhaps direct 
them into vocational work which will 
add to their permanent happiness. 

Bee-Keepers, you have an oppor- 
tunity for helping these girls to help 
themselves. Do not think of them as 
a Swarm, collectively. Think of 
them as members of a Swarm, indi- 
vidually, and keep each one separate in 
your attention. If one girl shows es- 
pecial interest in filling her cells in the 
Field of Health, encourage her to spe- 
cialize for the two Bee-Hive years in 
this line. Help her to find out if that 
might grow into her life-interest. Sug- 
gest that she make a scrap-book in 
which she will keep every suggestion 
and bit of information she can glean 
on the subject of nursing and the same 
with other girls and other fields. Don't 
lose a chance to find in the unexpressed 
interests of these young girls sign 
posts pointing the way to future ac- 

Calendar for October 

Builders in the Hive 

October 7- — Guide No. 3, Bee-Hive 
Handbook, page 16, The Builder's 
Purpose and the "Call of Woman- 

October 14— Guide No. 4, Hand- 
book, page 1 7, Scrap Books. 

October 21 — Guide No. 5, Hand- 
book, page 1 7, Name and Symbol. 

October 30 — Guide No. 6, Hand- 
book, page 1 8, Have Faith. 

Gatherers of Honey 

October 7 — Guide No. 3, Bee-Hive 
Handbok, page 49, A Practical Use of 
the Symbol. 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


October 14 — Guide No. 4, Hand- 
book, page 49. This is left for your 
own planning, and one of the love- 
liest of programs is yours to make 
out. Discuss the Project for the Bee- 
Hive Girls, (cell 42) or have every 
girl in the Swarm fill cell No. 67, 
in the Field of Religion, or other 
•cells which you and they might select. 
Let the girls do the work that night, 
and see how well they can do it. 

October 21 — Guide No. 5, Hand- 
book, page 49, Know Work. 

October 28 — Guide No. 6, Hand- 
hook, page 50, Food and Rest for the 


Gleaner Girls 

(Continued from page 823) 

them. Surely there never was a year 
when we have had a more interesting, 
attractive and uplifting program, and 
•one which should be the means of per- 
fecting the character and increasing the 
faith of every Gleaner Girl in the 

Remember the theme of the last 
June Conference, "Onward with 
Mormon Ideals" — also that of the M 
Men-Gleaner meeting "Carry On," 
and let this same spirit be the keynote 
of the present year's work, so that 
in this centennial year of our Church, 
the purpose of the organization of the 
-M. I. A., may be fully realized, in the 
increase of faith and the establishment 
of 'an individual testimony of the 
Gospel, in the heart of every Gleaner 


AN old legend tells how a cer- 
tain grand Duke of Florence 
built a bridge without expense to 
the state. The grand Duke issued 
a proclamation that every beggar 
who would appear in the grand 
plaza at a certain designated time 
should be provided with a new 
suit of clothes, free of cost. At 
the appointed hour the beggars of 
the city all assembled, whereupon 
the officers caused each avenue of 
the public square to be closed, bade 
the beggars strip off their old 
clothes, and gave to each one, ac- 
cording to promise, a new suit. 
In the old clothes thus collected, 
•enough money was found con- 
cealed to build a beautiful bridge 
over the Arno River, still called 
the Beggar's Bridge. 


Building for the Future on 
the Foundations of the Past 

Upon a foundation laid 41 years ago, there is now built a banking 
system that looks confidently toward a future of greater service to a 
greater Utah. 

With its roots embedded deep in the pioneer past — with a record 
of constructive accomplishment through the intervening years and 
with resources of near $10,000,000. — The Ogden State Bank offers a 
service as sound as it is progressive, as flexible as it is friendly. 

The same spirit of progress that urged the pioneers westward, is 
today vital and alive in this Bank. 

With a full sense of its responsibility to the community, this 
bank will continue to seek new avenues of service to meet the increas- 
ing demands of its clients throughout the years. 




VyE cordially invite 

your inspection. 
Special courtesies extend- 
ed to missionaries. 



Shapiro Trunk 8 j 
Bag Co* j 

152 So. Main St. j 



' made by us have a finer finish and will 
cost you less. 

Made with any guard complete 


Order direct or through your local Jewel- I 
er. Pins kept in stock at all times for i 
- quick delivery. Initials on pins without | 
| extra charges. 




162 South Main Street 

c Room 206 Phone Was. 






Represent an ownership in 28 of the great basic industries of this country. 
Through the purchase of these shares, you participate in companies that have an 
age of 58 years, and that have prospered through^ 

Wars — Panics — Depressions 

and have an average unbroken dividend record of 32 years 


Full Particulars will be furnished without obligation on your part. 
Simply fill in your 



— and Mail Directly to 

Ross Season fr Co. 

QBeasorz, HSuildinff 




The Improvement Era for October , 1930 




Our Plan of Guaranteed 

Protection—Saves the 

Average Family $1,000 


Operating in Association 

With j 



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We Have a 
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Distinctive Work 

i 1 i 

Hyland 190 

3 19 South Main St. 

i i i 

If you live outside of Salt Lake, 

send us your work by 

Parcel Post. 

Adult Department 

(Continued from page 822) 

Grandmother Brown's 
Hundred Years 

Reviewed by Ann M. Cannon, 
Written by Harriet Connor Brown 

Published by Little, Brown and Com- 
pany — Price $3.00 

from 1827 to 1927. This book 
gives a picture of the times as she 
saw them, and by hearsay that of the 
preceding one hundred years. As her 
hundred years included the rise of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints her account is of especial inter- 
est to us. 

The book is written by her daugh- 
ter-in-law, Harriet Connor Brown, 
wife of Herbert D. Brown, Chief of 
the U. S. Bureau of Efficiency. The 
author specialized in history and re- 
ceived her A. B. from Cornell in 
1894. She later did much newspaper 

The Atlantic Monthly $5000 prize 
was awarded this book as the best 
biography of the year 1929. 

For the purpose of the book let us 
look to the "introduction." 

" ' * * * What has she ever done that 
is great?' is a question that nettled me 
when I told a friend that I was trying to 
write the history of my hundred-year-old 
mother-in-law. The general attitude of 
mind reflected by my friend's question is 
the thing that makes me want to see pub- 
lished the story of how one good mother 
has spent a hundred years. I want to 
honor a woman not esteemed 'great,' one 
who has had the common fate and will 
be consigned to oblivion, despite work 
well done throughout a full century of 
living, unless someone like myself can 
rescue her from it. * * * 

"Had Grandmother Brown been a wo- 
man of literary attainments, of wider 
reading and more varied acquaintance with 
the great world, her observation on life 
might be more interesting to the sophis- 
ticated. But the mass of men and women 
who have made America have not been 
literary or sophisticated. They have, 
however, been people of ideals, people of 
courage. What benefits we now enjoy in 
America have come to us as the result of 
the labors of people inspired by ideals 
such as Grandmother Brown has cher- 
ished, upheld by courage such as she has 
had. As we go forward into another 
period of our country's development, it is 
well for us to try to understand the forces 
that have created us and the world in 
which we find ourselves, even though we 
ourselves are driven by very different forces 
and are building up another kind of so- 
ciety based perhaps on a different phil- 
osophy of life." 

And to the Foreword: 

"This book — Crandmothr Brown's 
Hundred Years — will be for a student of 

H. J. McKean, President 
Harold H. Hills, Sec'y and Treas. 

x H. J. McKean 

i Inc. 




Phone Wasatch 1374 

i 1 i 

"We specialize in the 

construction of 

fine Chapels" 

| , , , 

Deseret Bank Building 

Salt Lake City, Utah 



i We Invite 

To come in and see our 
new surroundings. The in- 
terior has been completely re- 
modeled in the modern man- 
ner, with all of the best fea- 
tures retained. Our tradi- 
tional atmosphere of welcome 
and good will has, of course, 
been preserved. When you 
come to town, drop in and 
talk to us. 

If you wish, we can ar- 
range a savings plan for your 
future. Our financial coun- 
sel is yours for the asking. 


Member Federal Reserve 

235 South Main St. 
Salt Lake City, Utah 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


American human nature a classic text 
book. This wonderful woman tells in a 
simple and natural way the story of her 
life. If her purpose was any other than 
to tell her story exactly as it was, the 
book would have lost its value. As one 
reads these pages, one realizes that Grand- 
mother Brown gives facts as she sees them 
and opinions formed without the handicap 
of preconceived philosophy which often 
warps the statements of historical writers." 

It was chosen by the Adult Com- 
mittee because it parallels the first hun- 
dred years of "Mormonism" and also 
because it gives a genuine picture of a 
fine type of woman, akin to many 
among our own pioneers. 

The story is especially interesting to 
us because it touches our experiences 
in many ways. Note her pride in her 
ancestry (pages 52-3). She could 
trace her genealogy back to 83 7 A. D. 
(page 5). 

The picture of her grandparents' 
home is unique: 

"In making a home for his family in 
the Belpre settlement, Zadoc Foster had, 
undoubtedly, full scope for any enterprise 
and industry of which he was possessed. 
To make a clearing in the forest and to 
rear on it a comfortable cabin was real 
man's work, even though the logs were 
piled up like children's cob houses and 
held together by wooden pins instead of 
nails, even though no tools were necessary 
in the construction except an axe, an 
auger, and perhaps a cross-cut saw. Rude, 
indeed, were those first log cabins with 
their puncheon floors, wooden shutters, 
leather latchstrings, stone chimneys, clay 
hearthstones. Primitive was the home- 
made furniture within them. We catch 
a glimpse of a table split from a large 
log, a bedstead made of poles interlaced 
with bearskins, a spinning wheel in the 
corner, a rifle hung in forked cleats over 
the door with powder horn beside it, 
three-legged stools, splint-bottomed chairs, 
cast-iron spiders, long-handled frying- 
pans, a movable Dutch oven." 

Read about her childhood's home 
(pages 26 to 28): about her father 
(pages 32 to 38) who died when she 
was four years old. Follow her 
through the many pioneer joys and 
tribulations; glow with her faith and 
fervor; laugh at her quick-witted re- 
torts; weave her experiences into the 
history of the times. See her ideals 
of personal appearance (page 115), 
her education (pages 47 and 62). 
Consider the plan of the Coon-skin 
Library (page 88) and its possibili- 

Read this on dancing: 

"The dancing school always met in the 
afternoon, girls and boys practicing sep- 
arately at first. When both had learned 
the steps, then we came together. We 
danced to the musk of fiddles, and they 
called off, 'First lady forward! Seven 
hands round.' There were no round 
dances. Our teachers taught us to take 
little steps, to move forward and back 
genteelly. With some pride and dignity! 
Why, I could do it now if I were on 
my feet — one, two, three, four, five, then 




Tray with 36 Glasses, 

Extra Glasses, Per 
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Bread Baskets, $9.50 

Best in the Market 

Will Last a Life Time, 36 Glasses in Each Tray 

Made especially for L. D. S. Churches, and successfully used in Utah and 

Intermountain region, also in all Missions in the United States, Europe, and Pacific 

Islands. Basic metal, Nickel Silver, heavily plated with Solid Silver. 


Satisfaction guaranteed. Inquiries cheerfully answered 


Temple Block 

Salt Lake City 

These young people — former stu- 
dents of Henager's Business College 
are all employed by one company- — 
five of them were placed by the school 
this year. Oakley, Idaho, and Salina, 
Sigurd, Manti, Provo and Salt Lake 
City, Utah, are represented. The 
school has enrolled students this year 
from 1 7 States. If you want a 

thorough busines training and a po- 
sition upon graduation you should 
enroll in Henager's Business College. 
The school has had more calls for 
office help this year than ever before. 

and has been unable to fill all the 
positions open. 

The classes are so arranged that 
new students may start at any time 
and progress just as rapidly as their 
application and ability will permit. 
Courses are given in all commercial 
subjects and completion qualifies one 
for office work. Call, write, or 

phone to Henager's Business College, 
45 E. Broadway, for full information. 

Visitors are welcome at any time and 

inquiries cheerfully answered.^ 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 

Ketterer & Perschon 

657 Washington Street 
Salt Lake City, Utah 

Interior Decorating, Painting, 
Paperhanging in Private 
Homes, Churches, Amusement 


See our work at 9th, 19th and 

Hawthorne ward chapels 

Right Prices — High Quality — 

Satisfaction Assured 


Phone Was. 2797 Phone Hy. 3756 

Brigham Young University 

cuts fuel costs 50 % with 

Iron Fireman Automatic Coal 


"We installed our first Iron Fireman 
in 1926," states K. B. Sauls, Purchasing 
Agent of Brigham Young University, 
Provo, Utah. "The installation proved 
so satisfactory that in 1929 we installed 
Iron Fireman stokers in two other heat- 
ing plants. 

"Our records show a saving in fuel 
costs of approximately 50% over the 
previous heating season with hand firing. 
We have constant pressure, maintained 
automatically, and there is practically no 
smoke when the machines are properly 
handled. It now appears that we shall 
save in two years enough in fuel costs to 
pay for our Iron Fireman machines.*' 

An Iron Fireman installed in your fur- 
nace or boiler room will cut fuel costs, 
maintain steady, even heat or pressure, 
reduce labor costs, eliminate the smoke 
nuisance, and deliver the finest, cheapest 
automatic heat that money can buy. In- 
vestigate Iron Fireman now. Get in touch 
with your local Iron Fireman dealer or 
write or phone Mayne Read, District Rep- 
resentative of the Iron Fireman Mfg. Co., 
1623 Yale Ave., Salt Lake City, Utah. 



the machine 

that made coal 
an automatic fuel 

back again; six, seven, eight, nine, ten. 
That was the way to do it — so rhyth- 
mically and beautifully. Now they grab 
each other and go see-sawing around. The 
contradances took in the whole room. It 
was lovely to see them do it the girls so 
pretty and modest, in those days, their 
dresses ankle-length. When they honored 
the partner, they didn't just squat that 
square way, but they must lean to one side 

"When we were living on the farm I 
taught my children to dance. Afterward, 
when Lizzie first came to Fort Madison, 
she was complimented on her dancing. 
'My mother taught me,' she said. A 
shout went up. They thought her a 
wicked mother, I suppose, who would 
teach her child to dance. But, if it had 
been wicked to dance, it would say so in 
the Bible. If it had said, 'Thou shalt not 
dance,' I would not have done it, for I 
have kept all the Thou Shalt Nots." 

The book traces her life from April 
9, 1827, when she was born in Ath- 
ens, Ohio, third child of Ebenezer 
Foster and Achsah Culver and chris- 
tened "Maria Dean." It carries her 
through childhood; the loss of father; 
the marriage of mother; life under a 
step-father; marriage at eighteen to 
Daniel Truesdale Brown; removal to 
her husband's home in Amesville, 
Ohio, the birth of her eight children; 
the death of two; the pioneering of a 
farm on Skunk River, Iowa. 

"Such a way of living is hard, hard, 
HARD. The only thing that can make it 
endurable for a woman is love and plenty 
of it. I remember one day on the farm 
when Dan'l was going to Burlington. I 
remember that before he left he kissed me 
— kissed me and my little sick baby lying 
so white on her pillow. I had many 
things to do that day. But, my! how 
the work flew under my hands! What a 
difference a kiss can make!" 

The book goes on, fourteen years 
of life on that farm; removal to Fort 
Madison, Iowa; loneliness after the 
death of her husband; greater ease in 
her old age; down to the termination 
of her hundred and one years — still 
keen, interesting, sympathetic and 

Her daughter-in-law says: 

"Chiefly I think of her as a mother. In 
that experience she has found understand- 
ing of many things. A careful craftsman 
in all she does, and by nature proud, — 
though timid too, — she demands that her 
pride be satisfied in her children. It is 
impossible to tell her story and not refer 
constantly to her children, to her hopes 
and plans and work for them, and their 
reaction to her efforts." 

Speaking of the birth of her last 
child (Herbert) Grandmother Brown 

"I was nearly forty-three years old, and 
my hair was gray. * * * My neighbor, 
Mrs. Johnson, said she'd be so ashamed 
she wouldn't know what to do if she 
had a baby after her hair was gray. 

" 'She did, did she?' I (Mrs. Herbert 

(Continued on page 836) 

The more 
| you have 

the more 

you have 

need for 


|! Protect what you have by insuring 

!it. Buy sound insurance. Let us 
explain the value of a policy in the 
j Utah Home Fire Insurance Co. 




Home Fire Insurance Co. 

Heber J. Grant 8 Co. 

General Agents 
Salt Lake City, Utah 



Prices $60.00 and Up 
New and Second-Hand 

Cash Registers 

Accounting Machines 

jBookkeeping Machines 

Guaranteed Repairs — Supplies 



Liberal Allowances for Old 


j The National Cash 
Register Co. 

H. V. KUHN, Sates Agent 
Corner 2nd South and State Streets 
: Salt Lake City, Utah Was. 1144 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


Foods for Health 

The Art of Soup Making, 


THIS is the time of year when 
we are glad to forget the 
chilled salads and iced 
drinks of summer and turn our at- 
tention to foods hot and savory. 

On a cold or chilly evening 
nothing is more appetizing and 
satisfying to a hungry person than 
good hot soup. It is wholesome 
and nutritious and can be made 
the main dish of a well balanced 
meal. Where cost of food is of 
great consideration it should be 
served several times a week during 
cold weather. 

Soups are of two kinds: the 
soups made from meat stocks with 
other ingredients added, and cream 
soups, made by cooking fish and 
their juices, or vegetables with their 
juices in milk. The latter are 
simply and easily made and can 

be prepared in a few minutes. They 
are usually thickened with butter 
and flour to about the consistency 
of cream. Meat soups take longer 
but are not difficult to prepare. 
They are usually thickened with 
rice, barley, noodles, macaroni or 
things of like nature. 

Vf EAT STOCK.— Stock is the 
1 ■*• foundation of all meat soups. 
When it is cold it is firm like jelly 
and if put in an earthen dish and 
placed in the ice box will keep 
from a week to ten days. It can 
be kept longer if boiled up occa- 
sionally and put in a fresh scalded 
dish. Since the cooking requires 
a long period of time, it should 
be made up in large quantities. 

The quality and richness of 
stock depends more on the proper 
choice of ingredients and a clear 

"H You're Sick 
Go To Nature -Way 

» i 

; Is the advice hundreds of 
{ satisfied patrons are giving to 
| their friends. 

\ Nature-Way Health Service 

j teaches you how to live the 

j Laws of Nature as established 

ij by a wise Creator. 

Sickness is man - made. 
| Health is Divine. 

Send for free information on 
Health Foods — Diet Service 

| Books — Courses, etc. 



j Institute 

j 29-29/ 2 W. 1st South 


Listen to our radio talks — Every morn- 
ing, 8 o'clock KDYL. Every Mon. and 
Thurs. 10 :30 a. m„ KSL. 

'If You're Sick — ■ 

Go to Nature Way" 


in the 

Service of the Church 

Standard collegiate instruction is available in the five colleges of 
Applied Science, Arts and Sciences, Commerce, Education, Fine Arts, 
and the Graduate Division. 

Vocational instruction is especially made available during the 
Winter Quarter, which commences December 8. 

Take advantage of the exceptional school spirit and student ac- 
tivities at the "Y" during the Winter and Spring Quarters. 

Leadership Week is scheduled for January 26 to 30, 


For further information write to 
The President 


SF*sUi2~- * 

IfcjjiS - 

The Friendly School" 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 

We Say 


and MEAN it! 

We Feature — 

Honest Prices. 



An L. D. S. Institution 
and PROUD of it 

Ml4Hl)«»0«K» «M»<l-fl 

frO-OTBfr U«WUiM»04 

20 Y e a r s of 
produced this 






In the Eureka Standard, 
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principle of cleaning has been 
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-demonstration — no obliga- 

Easy Terms — Small 
Carrying Charge 

Utah Power & Light Co. 

or any of its stores 

Eureka Vacuum Cleaner Co. 

177 E. Broadway 
Salt Lake City 

Phone Was. 4764 

understanding of the principles of 
soup making than it does on the 
sum paid out at the market. With 
thought and right management one 
can utilize all scraps' and trimmings 
of meat and the bones from roast 
beef, veal, turkey and chicken. 
Mutton, lamb and pork are not so 
good as the flavor of the former is 
not pleasant when recooked and 
pork is too fat, though many cooks 
use ham bones. Stock made en- 
tirely from cooked meat and bones 
is not so good but when they are 
added to fresh meat and bones, 
they impart a rich flavor and are 
clear gain, since in many homes all 
such material is considered waste. 
They should be used immediately, 
however, as the least taint is sure 
to spoil the stock. 

HTHE shin of beef and brisket of 
■*■ beef makes the best stock. Veal 
makes a very delicate white stock 
but it is lacking in nutriment and 

When meat is used solely for 
stock it should be cut in very small 
pieces. If you wish to have stock 
and a piece of savory meat also, 
leave the meat in one large piece 
and when cooked enough to sep- 
arate from the bones, remove from 
kettle and allow the bones to con- 
tinue cooking. However it is im- 
possible to have good boiled meat 
and good stock at one and the 
same time as the two objects are 
diametrically opposed. 

Bones for soup should be well 
cracked as the earthy substance to 
which they owe their solidity in- 
cases the gelatinous matter which 
must be extracted in order to give 
strength and thickness to the soup. 
(Two oz. of bone contains as 
much gelatine as one lb. of meat.) 
In breaking the bones more sur- 
faces are exposed and more gelatin- 
ous matter dissolved. 

"V/fEAT for soup should always 
-*-'*- be put to cook in cold water, 
allowed to heat slowly and never 
boiled fast at any time. The pro- 
portion of meat and water is one 
pound of meat, bones and trim- 
mings to two quarts of water. This 
may seem a large amount of water 
but it is well to have what is need- 
ed in the beginning as it injures 
the flavor to add more later. As 
soon as the water begins to heat 
a scum begins to rise, which should 
be carefully removed if you wish 
the stock to be clear. After the 
scum is all removed, salt, pepper- 



It is easy to make de- 
licious, neat sandwiches 
with Long Royal Bread. 
Because of its smooth 
texture and convenient 
long shape you can cut 
attractive slices with no 
crumbs or crumbling. 
Long Royal is rich in 
nutriment, uniform in 
texture, and of course, 
delicious in flavor. 


At Your Grocer's 

Twice a Day 


A Distinctive 

You'll be delighted with the 
distinctive, finer flavor of Sego 
Milk . . . and its rich, creamy 





K S L 

Delightful violin 
and organ music 
played by Wm. 
Hardiman and 

Frank Asper. 
Saturday evenings 
at 8. 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


corns, a few cloves and a bay leaf 
should be added, the soup kettle 
lightly covered and contents al- 
lowed to cook slowly for 5 or 6 
hours — even longer is better. 

When done, add one tablespoon 
of carmelized sugar. This gives 
an amber color and imparts a 
fine flavor. The stock should be 
strained > through a wire strainer, 
lined with a square of cheese cloth, 
and put to cool in an open earthen 
bowl. It is sometimes necessary 
to strain soup more than once in 
order to avoid all small bits of 
broken bone. It should be al- 
lowed to cool without a cover, 
otherwise it will sour very quickly. 

TF vegetables are to be used, they 
should not be added until an 
hour before the stock is done. 
They make it cloudy, and it will 
sour much more quickly, especially 
in warm weather. It is better to 
cook the vegetables by themselves 
in a small amount of water and 
add them with their juices to the 
necessary amount of stock about 
fifteen minutes before serving. 
Many cooks use a soup-bouquet 
for flavoring. It is made of a few 
sprigs of parsley, thyme, celery 
leaves and a bit of onion, sewed 

into a muslin bag and dropped in- 
to the soup for a little time before 

When the stock is finally made, 
and put away in the ice box, it 
affords the busy housewife an op- 
portunity to quickly prepare new 
and interesting foods for a hungry 

TjrENSILS.— Every household 
^ should have a large soup kettlf- 
— aluminum is best though old 
fashioned iron ones are very good. 
The kettle should be high in pro- 
portion to its size as only a small 
part of its surface needs to contact 
the heat, because of the slow sim- 
mering required. Then too, a kettle 
of this form takes less room on 
the stove. Other necessary uten- 
sils are coarse and fine wire strain- 
ers and two or three squares of 
cheese cloth — the latter can be kept 
clean and fresh by boiling in soda 


("T [the Bible] is, indeed, justly 
* called Holy Writ. He that has 
lost his God can find him again, 
and towards him who never knew 
him, it wafts the spirit and the 
breath of the divine word. — Heine. 

In Sail Lake City 

The ideal stopping place is the 
Newhouse. Enjoy supreme com- 
fort, convenience and luxurious 
service at a nominal cost. 

Cafe and Cafeteria 

You'll like the excellent food and 
the delightful atmosphere of the 
Newhouse cafe and cafeteria. 



The Newest Trend is 


Hundreds of thousands of people burn 
coal — and will continue to burn coal because 
they know the value of a radiant sustaining 
heat . . . because of its year-in and year-out 
economy . . . because it leaves no greasy un- 
cleanliness on the walls, no tarnishing mar to 
metal fixtures . . . and particularly because 
they know it is absolutely safe. 

And now, the developments of the 
new stoker industry imrrk the 
awakening of the coal man to the 
march of progress. They signify the 
newest trend — BACK to COAL — 
This is why . . . 

The modern stoker gives you the 
same CONVENIENCE as other 
fuel substitutes — with the many 
added advantages of coal. It gives 
you new coal-saving economies in a 


fuel whose known economy is not based on 
"estimates." You KNOW the old economy of 
coal, and its indisputable savings . . . now 
with 1930 methods of firing, you cut former 
costs still lower ... in some cases actually in 

Before taking the often extravagant claims 
of competitive fuels too seriously, you owe it to 
yourself to phone your coal man — 
let him present this new story and 
you will be agreeably surprised to 
learn that you can have the easy con- 
venience of 1930 living with the 
worry-free advantages of coal. 

Phone your coal man . . . hear 
his story of a proved SAFE heat and 
learn why it is the most CONVEN- 
IENT and ECONOMICAL heat for 




The West's Unequalled FueV 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 









'The Best in 






^^SPHILCO Baby Grand 
$69.50 Complete 


Radio Studios 

2337 Wash. Ave. 


136 E. 3rd So. 
Salt Lak« 

213 W. Center 



Utah's Oldest and Largest Dental Office 


Complete X-Ray Service — Modern Sterilizing Equipment 

Painless Extraction of Teeth — 50c 
Extractions Under Gas — $2 to $4 

—and 50c per Tooth extracted 



Vulcanite Plate, With Trubyte Teeth — $10 

22-K Gold Crown and Bridge Work — $5 Per Tooth 


Same Management and Location for Over 28 Years 


"He Builds Wisely Who Builds Well" 


Sold by Leading Building Material Dealers 

TIMPIE Hydrated Lime Powder supplied in 50-lb. also 10-lb. strong 
paper packages. Ideal for farm use — liming soils, spraying trees and 
in poultry coops and yards. 

Nephi Plaster & Manufacturing Co. 

The Utah Lime and Stone Co. 

Utah Stucco Products Co. 

907 Continental Bank Bldg., Salt Lake City 
W. L. Ellerbeck, Preston Nibley, 

General Manager Asst. Manager 

Tested Recipes 

Cream of Tomato Soup 

1 can tomatoes 

1 small onion 

2 stalks celery 
(or celery salt) 

teaspoon soda 
tablespoons butter 
tablespoons flour' 

1 quart milk 

Salt and white pepper 

Make white sauce of butter, 
flour and milk. Cook tomatoes, 
onion and celery together, strain 
and add soda. When the bub- 
bling stops mix with the white 
sauce. Have bouillon cups ready 
with slice of orange in each, pour 
soup in and serve at once. The 
orange gives the soup a delicious 

Cream of Corn Soup 

1 can of corn 

2 stalks celery 
1 small onion 

1 tablespoon chopped parsley 
1 tablespoon butter 

1 tablespoon flour 
1 pint milk 
-J pint cream 

Cook corn, celery, onion and 
milk for about 30 minutes, then 
strain through fine wire sieve. Heat 
butter in small pan and stir in 
flour, add to the strained mixture 
and let it come to a boil, then stir 
in the cream. Put a little of the 
chopped parsley in each cup. Serve 
with popcorn. 

Tomato Soup with Sago 

Soak 4 tablespoons of pearl sago 
in a pint of cold water, then cook 
slowly until the sago is clear. To 
one can of tomatoes add a slice of 
onion, a sprig of parsley and a 
stalk of celery and cook 10 min- 
utes, strain, add the sago and 1 
pint of heated soup stock. Stir in 
1 tablespoon of butter, add salt 
and white pepper to taste and serve 
at once. 

Vegetable Soup 

2 quarts cold water 

1 bunch of carrots, diced 

1 bunch of green onions, 

cut fine 

1 bunch of celery, cut fine 

1 cup chopped parsley 

1 bunch spinach 

-J can tomatoes 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


Put carrots, onions and cel- 
ery in water and when it comes to 
a boil, add parsley and tomatoes. 
Cook slowly for 30 minutes — then 
add spinach. Ten minutes later 
remove from fire and season with 
•salt to taste. This soup is good 
for invalids. 

Mushroom Soup 

lb. fresh mushrooms 
tablespoon butter 
tablespoon flour 
cup thick cream 
cups veal soup stock 

Salt and paprika 

To 2 lbs. of veal shank, well 
broken add 3 quarts of cold water, 
let it heat slowly and remove scum 
as it rises. Add salt and cook for 
several hours. Chop fine, an onion, 
a carrot and a stalk of celery. Wash 
mushrooms well, remove skin and 
stems, and slice very thin. 

Put the chopped vegetables with 
the skins and stems of the mush- 
rooms into the stock and cook 30 
minutes. Strain and thicken with 
the flour and butter. Fry the sliced 

mushrooms in butter for 15 min- 
utes and add to thickened stock — 
then stir in the half cup of cream. 
Season well and serve. 

French Onion Soup 
2 large onions 
| lb. cheese 
1 qt. soup stock 
Small bits of bread 

Slice onions thin and fry in but- 
ter, turning constantly until they 
are light brown. Slice the cheese 
and put it over the onions, stir 
until the cheese is melted, then add 
the quart of heated soup stock. 
Season and serve with bits of toast- 
ed bread on top. 

Soup Dinners 


Cream of tomato soup — with slice 
of orange 

French fried potatoes served with 
soup in place of crackers 

Egg and lettuce salad 
Apple pie and cheese. 



A Day 

{"Conference visitors 

^" / in Salt Lake City will 
enjoy the inexpensive lux- 
ury of eating breakfast, 
lunch and dinner at one of 
the four conveniently lo- 
cated stores. 

Same service in Ogden and 


Fountain, cafe, candies 

Keeley 's 


"Best by Test" 


Make Your Home MORE Than a 

Place in Which to Live . . 

Make it a Place in Which to ENJOY Living 

Three wonderful servants — Electric Cooking, Electric Refrigeration 
and Electric Water Heating, are so easily at your command — and 
how they add to your home enjoyment! 

You may purchase these appliances on remarkably 
easy terms — and operate them on our combination 
one-meter rate. 


Utah Power B Light Co. 

Efficient Public Service 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 

\ qpoisE 



These can be yours through 

| training in Dramatic Art, 

>' which is the art of expres- 

>' sing thought by the spoken 
;| word and appropriate ges- 
ture. Read full particulars 
»' in our book on Dramatic Art 
t and Play Production. A re- 
I quest from you will bring 

| it by return mail. 













McCune School of 

Music and Art 

200 North Main St. 
Salt Lake City, Utah 

7i> m ii>*. ~ n . r- — — -^ ^ *• — ■- — -* <- 

mm m m vV 


the memories of your 
vacation. Place your 
Kodak prints in an al- 
) bum. 



ALBUMS at one dollar 
j and up in attractive col- 
j ored covers. Mail orders 

given careful attention. 


315 South Main Street 
Salt Lake City, Utah 

Everything Photographic 


Vegetable soup made with meat 

Hot bread rolls in place of crackers 
Head lettuce with French dressing 
Fruited jell-o and cookies. 


All measurements are level un- 
less otherwise stated. 

The fat removed from soup 
stock can be clarified and used for 
flavoring noodles, spaghetti, and 
boiled vegetables. 

The meat strained from stock is 
almost tasteless but it can be made 
into a palatable dish. Cut it fine 
and add onions fried in butter, 
chopped celery and a small piece of 
green pepper cut very fine. Shape 
into a loaf and bake in oven 20 

Some cooks fry a few pieces of 
the soup meat dark brown and add 
to the soup kettle before the sim- 
mering process is begun in order to 
give the stock a deep amber color. 
A handful of spinach well pound- 
ed and added to soup a few min- 
utes before serving will give it a 
green color. 



(Continued from page 830) 

D. Brown) asked fiercely. 'What became 
of her, I'd like to know?' 

" 'Why, she died after a while,' said 
Grandmother Brown; and then, with a 
flash of humor, 'I don't know what be- 
came of her'." 

The Foreword by Charles G. Dawes 
is perhaps one of the best criticisms 
of the book: 

"The older our country becomes, the 
larger its population, the greater its di- 
versification of industry, of blood, and of 
culture, the more our calm judgment ac- 
knowledges the debt this people owe to 
its early settlers. It was they who laid 
the foundation and fashioned the shape of 
the governmental, social, and industrial 
edifice, to which we of this generation 
make only additions or subtractions. * * * 

"No one can read the story without the 
continuing sense of its inherent truthful- 
ness, without added reverence for the old 
American stock, transplanted but un- 
changed, without an added realization of 
the fact that the imporant things of life 
are the simple ones, and that small duties, 
faithfully performed, sum themselves up 
finally in the creation of high character 
commanding universal respect and inter- 
est, and becoming an influence for un- 
bounded good to our citizenship." 


»■<> -^b* i :-«MM:nM»r. «■»(!-« 




Acts as 

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Executor - Guardian 

Exchange Agent 







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Loans or Bonds to 

Net You 6% 

Trust Company 

Cor. Main at Broadway, Salt 
Lake City, Utah, Was 633 



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the old reliable 




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Others $5 to $100 

Beautiful Diamond 

$50 — $100 — $150 

Watch and Jewelry Repairing 
Sponsors of the Correct Time Over KSL 


V MAIN ST. J EST. 187 5 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 



(Continued from page 807) 

the world, but they adopted me, 
coming to this land to take me 
back with them after the frightful 

"Well, I'll be — excuse me. Say, 
that explains a lot of mysteries!" 
Hawley exclaimed excitedly. "The 
moment you landed in Pago Pago, 
I felt sure we had met before, and 
now I know why. Can't you re- 
member? As kiddies we played 
together. Then the Redfields took 
you away. I've often thought 
about you and wondered where 
you were and whether you remem- 
bered me. Do you?" 

The bewildered girl looked at 
him intently, but there was no sign 
of recognition in the searching eyes. 

To give her time to recover from 
the surprise caused by this revela- 
tion, Hawley excused himself to 
attend to some duty in connection 
with the ship. The commodore 
and his wife were dozing, or pre- 
tending to, on the opposite side of 
the deck. Nell was torn by con- 
flicting emotions, pleasure at meet- 
ing an old friend and fear that 

the secret of her birth might, 
through the disclosure of her iden- 
tity, become widely known. 

The lieutenant soon returned. 
"Will you let me call you by your 
first name?" 

1 HE young chap's face 
was too frank and open for deceit, 
but for a moment his companion 
wondered whether or not he was 
a pretender, and determined to put 
him to the test. 

"You doubtless have heard my 
first name but you may call me by 
it if you can tell me my last real 

"Prudent, aren't you? Not go- 
ing to believe any fairy stories," 
Hawley laughed delightedly. 
"Lucky for me I have proof of 
our early acquaintance. Your real 
name is Lilly Nell Terry; your 
father was John Terry; as your 
house collapsed your mother saved 
your life by throwing herself over 
you, and in doing so received her 
death blow. I can show you the 



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selection embracing the largest as- 
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66 MAIN 
Salt Lake City 


Let Chickens Buy Your Home 

And Lifes Income 

We invite Conference and Fair visitors and all others 
interested to come and see the most pretentious, scien- 
tifically planned poultry development in America. 
We can place fifty additional families next year. Come 
and see us or write, 


Midvale, Utah 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 





AT THIS TIME, as it is well known that a leveled farm is cheaper to operate, 
requires less water to irrigate and less labor and time to produce an even distribution 
of crops and a much greater yield. The efficient and economical way to do this is 
with a Miskm Scraper. See our Scraper at the State Fair at Salt Lake City, October 
4th to October 11th. WRITE FOR CIRCULAR AND PRICES. 

Manufactured only by 



City Coal Company 

CREEK Wt-f/f 1-r 

The Super-Fuel 
Try our Special Domestic Lump, $8.15 per ton 



1242 South West Temple 

\ Western Chocolate 
for Western. Schools ♦ 

Most school cafeterias in the West serve hot 
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Chocolate. Managers and principals know 
that that means clearer heads in the afternoon 
periods, and a better healrh average during 
trying months. Atin of Ghirardelli'sGround 
Chocolate in the cafeteria is a pretty good 
recommendation for the management of the 

Correspondence from principals, parents, teach- 
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Say "Gear-ar-delly" 

FREE .....Write for 
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exact spot where the house stoodl 
and the cemetery where your par- 
ents sleep." 

Nell appreciated the rollicking 
sailor's consideration in leaving, 
her at this juncture instead of re- 
maining to enjoy his complete tri- 
umph, for she was so perturbed 
by this unexpected tie-up with her 
past as to be on the verge of weep- 
ing. Later she noticed that he was- 
not busy and motioned him to re- 
join her. They were drawing near 
to the harbor and she was anxious- 
for a few more details. 

'You remember my parents?" 

"As well as I do my own and 
loved them almost as much. In 
those days I was as free in your 
home as you were." 

"Tell me about them." 

"Everybody spoke of your fath- 
er as the squarest man on the Is- 
lands and your mother as the most 
beautiful and talented woman. Na- 
turally her heroic death added to 
the reverence in which the natives 
held her. You'll find plenty of 
people who will remember them 
both and when they find out who 
you are they'll look upon you al- 
most as a goddess." 

"I would rather keep my iden- 
tity hidden at least for a time. 
Of course I may trust you with my 

"I give you the word of a sailor. 
And now can't you remember me, 

"No, not quite, and yet it seems 
that I can. Was your mother or 
some other white lady there?" 

"By Jove, you're getting it! 
Mother brought you to our home 
after the accident and you lived 
with us until the Redfields took 
you away. I used to carry you 
around in my arms." 

"Please don't go into too much 
detail," the young lady protested. 

"I carried you away from the 
crowd on the day your parents 
were buried," Hawley went on not 
heeding the admonition, "and we 
sat on a rock overlooking the 
ocean. You were hot and thirsty; 
I broke a cocoanut for you and 
gave you a drink. Can't you recall 
putting your arms around my 
neck, calling me by name and beg- 
ging me not to leave you?" 

"Dick!" Memory, which re- 
fused to operate until it was fully 
ready, now awoke with a start. 
"Are you Dick?" 

"Yes, I'm Dick!" exclaimed the 
delighted fellow. "How wonder- 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


ful that I of all chaps in the world 
should bring you back to this 
place where we last met." 


1 HE introduction 

made Nell very happy; but the 
light in her newly found friend's 
eyes aroused a strong premonition 
that, as a result of their meeting 
again so strangely, this playmate 
of her baby days would be forced 
to endure disappointment similar 
to that which had overtaken Nate. 
This fear reminded her that she 
might often see him alone and 
therefore her conduct toward him 
must be very discreet. 

"Now that I am remembered 
of course you'll go on calling me 
Dick?" There was a wistful tone 
in the man's voice as though he 
divined the thought in her heart. 

"No, I shall call you Lieutenant 
Hawley, or Mr. Hawley which, I 
understand from Commodore King 
is the correct form in naval circles." 

"Now look here, Nell Terry, 
why the necessity of so much for- 
mality? One would think you 
were an admiral. Why, we've 
known each other a score of years." 
'Yes, but we're no longer chil- 

dren. You are a strange man 
wearing the uniform of. the great 
United States. I left my old friend 
Dick in Apia many years ago. He 
was just a little fellow wearing a 
lava lava instead of a uniform. 
I wonder what he's been doing all 
this time." 

"You can't jar me into speaking 
in the third person, and I'm not 
going to let you forget that I car- 
ried you around in my arms. Af- 
ter you left I started in by climb- 
ing to the top of the hill, Mt. 
Vaea, above the town — look, we 
can see it clearly from here; it's 
the spot where Stevenson is buried. 
He was known as Tusitala, the 
Tale-teller. From the very top of 
the highest cocoanut tree on the 
highest hill I watched your vessel 
as long as it was in sight. After- 
wards I soundly thrashed a native 
boy who said I'd been crying. I 
swore I hadn't, though there must 
have been streaks of tears all over 
my dirty face. Then and there I 
made up my mind to become a 
great sailor and go around the 
world until I found you. That 
was the incentive for joining the 
navy, and I've been like the Fly- 
ing Dutchman, wandering over 

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Easiest Terms in Town 





When you are in the market for building materials 
we have anything you may need. It will be a 
pleasure to show you through our yards and help 
you estimate the materials required for the building 
or remodeling work you are planning. 

We Stock the Best Materials at the Lowest Prices 

Plumbing Fixtures Lumber Cement Roofing 

Pipe and Fittings 

Valves — Fittings 

Laundry Stores 

Tanks, etc. 









Oil, Glass 



Bldg. Paper 

Tarred Felts 


Yards and Stores 
780 West 4th 

Was. 8411 



The Improvement Era for October, 1930 








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Salt Lake City 


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the earth hunting you ever since." 

"You're about as truthful as 
other sailors when it comes to pay- 
ing compliments to ladies. If the 
real facts were known my pride 
would have an upset, for you have 
never thought of your little play- 
mate since that day. Now please 
forget about me and tell about 


"We'll soon be entering the har- 
bor, and I must look after the 
ship, but first let me square myself 
by saying you do me an injustice. 
I am sure that for a week at least 
I thought of nothing but my sor- 
row at your leaving." 

"Suppose you are telling the 
truth now and that you did think 
of me for a whole week, that fur- 
nishes little excuse for any great 
intimacy after twenty years. We 
are almost strangers to each other. 
Must you go?" 

1 HE commodore was 
stalking up and down, and his 
looks indicated that he thought 
the young officer should be at his 
post, and Hawley understood the 
look. Still he took time to say: 
"I can't go ashore now but will 
be on hand to help you any way 
I can in the morning." 

"Thank you; I shall be glad 
of that. I prefer to rent a private 
cottage, rather than live in a hotel 
if I can find something which suits 

"I'm sure we'll find the very 
thing you want." 

Nell looked with wonder, in- 
deed with awe, upon the great 
rusting skeletons, the daylight 
showing through their steel ribs, 
which, when she saw them last, 
were complete, though wrecked, 
battleships. The harbor is a shal- 
low one, and passengers are obliged 
to go to and from the wharf to 
the ocean-going vessels in small 
boats, and this was one of the 
things which had always stood 
out in the girl's memory. 

She could not have described her 
feelings as she set foot on the land 
of her birth. Was it also to be the 
land where she should die and be 
buried? Imperfect recollections of 
her sorrowful babyhood days, 
mingled with the memories of 
more recent trials, overwhelmed 
her, and she was glad to reach her 
room in the primitive hotel where 
she could weep unrestrainedly. 

(To be continued) 





A Guaranteed Remedy 

Not a patent medicine, but the famous 
URADO OIL, nature's own remedy, 
found flowing from the rocks in our 
own Uintah Basin and refined to a clear 
amber color that will not stain or soil 
the clothing. The raw oil contains 40% 
Ichthyol, according to tests conducted, 
at the U. of U. Ichthyol, a rare and 
costly drug found only in the Tyrolean 
Alps, is imported at great expense and 
is used extensively for skin diseases by 
the U. S. Government in their own hos- 
pitals and by physicians generally. 
Tests conducted over a period of years 
have proven URADO OIL cures where 
Ichthyol fails. It has been used with 
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cians, performing 100% permanent 
cures of the dreaded skin disease Ec- 
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in Hayfever. 

Write now for pamphlet and testimo- 
nials or send $1.50 for trial bottle, large 
enough for light cases. CURE POS- 
how long standing OR MONEY RE- 


Salt Lake City 




c J>wducll~^ 





The Improvement Era for October, 1930 



If you contemplate a set of artificial 
teeth during Conference week or any 
other advice I want to see you. I un- 
qualifiedly promise you the best set 
of teeth to be had in the city — whether 
you pay little or much, and I give 
a positive guarantee that the ma- 
terials, workmanship and all about this 
set will be the best money can buy. 
My methods of impression-taking and 
jaw registration etc., are new and 
scientific, much more exacting but 
producing results relatively better. 


317 Mclntyre Bldg., Salt Lake City, Ut. 

This coupled with the attractive prices 
I am charging for my sets make it 
worth your while to call on me. Ex- 
amination and consultation free. 

i tree. 

Hallowed Season 

THERE'S a hunter's moon 
dappling and splashing the 
woods with golden light, 
and with a wee bit of imagination 
we can distinguish a light, very 
light, footstep in the rustling of 
the dead leaves. It is "the time of 
all times" we are told, "when su- 
pernatural influences prevail." 

Out of webs, and laces, and 
mists come the masks of Hallow- 
e'en, the vigil of All Saints, hal- 
lowed time that has been given 
over to spirits and spooks, and ap- 
paritions to order, among which 
we find hideous witches with 
snakes and bats, and brew in a 
sizzling cauldron, guaranteeing a 
peep into the future. 

HTHERE may be some who would 
* like a peep into the future, but 
there are others of us who are quite 
willing to wait for Time to unroll 
the scroll. We don't mind that 
rustle to lighter feet than those 
heard other seasons, but we do 
mind witches. Personally, we've 
had an antipathy for witches 
from childhood— maybe a legacy 
(Continued on page 848) 


This parisian loop rin£ 
18 k gold hand made 
V4- carat center & two 
smaller cur diamonds 
convenietft terms^. 

Dm Park 



166 Main St. — Salt Lake City 

Wedding Rings to Match 

NO car can perform better 
than the gasoline it is 
supplied with. And no gas- 
oline can perform better than 
Pep 88. This has been 
proved so conclusively by re- 
peated tests that we guaran- 

Pep 88 will give any car 
more miles per gallon than 
any imported gasoline on 
this market, under similar 

Pep 88 contains less sul- 
phur and less carbon than 
any imported gasoline on 
this market. 

Pep 88 has better anti- 
knock qualities than any im- 
ported "regular" gasoline on 
this market. 



Two necessities for 
your motor that are 
so good they are of- 
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They Give WINGS 
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Manufactured and Guaranteed 


Salt Lake City 

AND when it comes to 
lubrication, New Vico, 
with its four important new 
features, brings extra protec- 
tion to your motor and econ- 
omy to your pocketbook. 
New Vico is such a superior 
motor oil that we back it 
with this guarantee: 

Drain your crankcase. Re- 
fill with New Vico. Then 
drive 1000 miles, and if you 
find that you have not had 
better lubrication, with less 
consumption of oil than has 
been the case with any other 
oil of similar body you have 
ever used, your dealer will 
refund the purchase price of 
the New Vico. 




The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


Will Work 




Let the little Red Devil 
that is the famous emblem of 
Knight Spring Canyon Coal, 
heat your house this winter 
at consistently lower costs. 
Or try Royal Coal, "Hot'n* 
Clean" a superior free-burn- 
ing coal which fulfills every 
promise made for it. 

Knight Spring Canyon is 
mined in Utah's deepest, old- 
est seam of coal. 

The pressure of millions of 
years has made it hard, with 
a clean grain. Both Knight 
Spring Canyon and Royal 
Coals stay clean in your bin, 
and burn hotly with un- 
usually little ash. Order to- 
day either of these fine coals 
for winter satisfaction. 



L. E. Adams, 
General Sales Agent, 

General Offices, 

818 Newhouse Bldg. 

Salt Lake City 


Neighbor Anne 

(Continued from page 797) 

da's tomcat. He's pure Maltese 
an' she shut him up in a bird cage 
so he won't run away. But he's 
a good cat—sleeps all the time 'cept 
when he's hungry, an' then he 
meows somethin' terrible." 

"I should say he did!" Mrs. 
Bench's hands went to her head as 
another penetrating meow pierced 
the room. 

"Polly wants her breakfast, I'll 
tell the world!" screeched the par- 

"You mean supper, you fool 
bird," snapped Seth. 

"Meow ." 

"I'll tell the world! Polly 
wants her " 


"How can you stand it, 
Tompkins?" frantically 
Mrs. Bench. 

"Well, they are a sort 
nuisance — but Miranda has no one 
else she can leave them with." 

of a 


RIUMPH gleamed 
in Mrs. Bench's beady, green eyes. 
The first part of Anne's sentence 
was what her big, shiny, gossip- 
loving ears had been waiting for. 

"I wish folks wouldn't always 
foist their animals on us," growled 
Seth, making matters a little worse. 
"Is it appreciated? Well — I 
guess " 

"Seth, you ought to be ashamed 
of yourself," chided Anne. 

"About time for me to be 
goin'," said Jane Bench. 

"I'll tell the world!" called 

"Meow!" from Silverlegs. 

"Seth, I wish you wouldn't say 
much before her," said Anne, after 
bidding Mrs. Bench goodbye. 
"You know like as not she'll tell 
Miranda an' the whole town that 
we're complainin' about takin' care 
of the pets." 

"Well, you're the one who said 
they was a nuisance." 

"Yes — so I did," Anne sank 
wearily into an old walnut rocker 
with cushions. "You know, Seth, 
just this minute, I feel like movin* 
to another town an' havin' it 
spread abroad that I've raised a 
family of twelve an' deserve to 
spend the last of my days in peace 
an' quiet. But there's no rest for 
me till I git wings." 

"No, and then I suppose you'll 
be flyin' around helping the other 
angels, maybe doing their flying 



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Hart Schaffner & Marx 


At a New Low Price 






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any season for the last fifteen 
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fabric, quality or workmanship. 

Arthur Frank 

208-210 Main St. 





This is Your 

To Axelrads 

— Dedicated to the ideal of 

beautiful and comfortable 


See the new ideas in Furniture for 

Fall and Winter ' 

Make this your down town head- 
quarters while in Salt Lake to meet 
your friends — use our telephones, 
check your grip or parcels — -rest 


; 255 STATE ST. 

Where it is a Pleasure to Shop 

l „_,_„_„ ,_._„ .j 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


for them. You must be tired, 
Anne, for it's the first time you've 
talked of leaving these pesky neigh- 


.RS. HUNT arrived 
home several days later, came for 
her pets, thanked Anne in a few 
cold words and hurried away. 
Anne was used to this brusque 
treatment on the part of her neigh- 
bor. Something inside of Miranda 
must have frozen when her nephew 
left her, thought Anne, and made 
it hard for her to show apprecia- 

Not long after her neighbor's 
return, Anne was in her yard 
hanging up some dish towels. On 
the opposite side of the slanting 
wooden fence dividing their grav- 
elly backyards, Mrs. Hunt's gaunt 
figure kneeled close to a wild sun- 
flower plant. Trowel in hand, she 
was loosening the hard ground 
about its roots. 

"Lovely mornin'," greeted 
Anne from the depths of her blue 

Mrs. Hunt jerked herself erect. 
She answered Anne in a high- 
pitched angry treble. "I heard, 
Anne Tompkins, that my pets 
were a nuisance to you. You're 
just like everyone else — always 
kicking over what you do for 
folks. I'll take good care they 
trouble you no more." In anoth- 
er moment, the screen door of her 
back porch had shut to with a 

To Anne, the words were a 
thunderbolt out of a clear sky. 
Tears wet her cheeks as she walked 
slowly into her house. When she 
began to think things over, she re- 
membered that Jane Bench had vis- 
ited Miranda Hunt the day before, 
and this was the result. 

Seth found her with eyes still 
reddened with weeping upon his 
arrival home that night. 

"Well, of all the ungrateful old 
hussies!" he exclaimed on learning 
the cause of the quarrel. "You 
should be glad," he continued, 
"she won't impose on us again! 
You can thank Jane Bench for 


JNNE desired to be 
at peace with everyone and the 
estrangement worried her consider- 
ably, yet her busy days left scant 
time for morbid brooding. As the 
scorching summer days went by, 
she grew thinner and the color be- 
gan to fade from her rosy cheeks. 



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Sold throughout Utah, Southern Idaho and Neighboring States 




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Oity State 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 

Whenever Miranda Hunt ap- 
peared in her yard, she turned her 
back the moment she espied Anne 
on the other side of the fence. 
"Seth was right," thought Anne. 
Folks didn't appreciate kindness. 
If she'd been like Miranda and 
cared for no one but herself, she 
would have been better off. These 
last few days everything seemed to 
go wrong. Even Mrs. Treweek 
appeared ungrateful. Yesterday 
Anne took care of the baby, today 
Mrs. Treweek phoned he had colic 
and asked Anne if she were quite 
sure she modified the baby's milk 
correctly when she cared for him. 

Gradually, Anne's attitude to- 
ward her neighbors changed and 
became more like that of Miranda 
Hunt. She was so often cold and 
curt that her friends ceased asking 
for favors. She was partly relieved 
at the fact, but at the same time 
the bottom of her little world 
dropped out. It was unnatural 
for Anne to be indifferent to 

a telegram 

announcing the 


came for Seth 

death of his brother Arnold on a 

farm several miles from a nearby 


Anne refused to accompany him 
to the funeral. She knew it would 
mean both work and trouble and 
she was tired, tired of everybody 
and everything. 

"If you hadn't quarreled with 
Miranda, she could come and stay 
with you while I'm gone," said 
Seth, ready to leave. 

"Well, I don't want her to, or 
nobody else!" snapped Anne. 
"An', Seth, while you're at Peters- 
boro, see if that farm next to Ar- 
nold's is still for sale. It wouldn't 
be a bad idea to sell out and go 
there. Minnie might need com- 
pany — now Arnold's gone." 

"I thought you was through 
neighboring," smiled Seth. 

"But Minnie's a relative, an' I 
wasn't thinkin' of that part so 
much as the gittin' away from 
here," retorted she. 

"Yes, I'll look things over, but 
you know I'd rather be shot than 
ever farm again," he grumbled. 

Anne liked the country. She 
had married Seth with the expecta- 
tion of always being a farmer's 
wife. But after she learned how 
her husband detested the farm 
drudgery she was glad that he got 

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Right over your old curled up and 
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Satisfaction guaranteed. 
Phone or write for a free estimate. 

American Asphalt 
Roof Corp. 

Phone Was. 2663 — 1674 Beck St. 
"Made in Salt Lake City" 

j Hotel 


offering the comforts of home 
while you visit in the city. 

Invites you to listen in on theii 

Broadcast over KDYL each Sunday 

at five-thirty p. m. 

Meals at popular prices. 

Rooms — $1.50 to $3.50 per day. 
Also special rates by the week. 

Service Garage in connection. 

145 So. 5th East 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


the job in the mining town store. 
Perhaps it was selfish of her to ask 
him to go back to the life he so 
disliked, but the events of the past 
few weeks had filled her with long- 
ing to leave this barren mountain 
town with its unkind neighbors 
and return to rich green fields and 
friendly farm animals. 

.CjARLY one morning, 
several days after Seth's departure, 
Anne was awakened by the smell 
of smoke. She arose, dressed and 
went about the house but found 
no trace of fire. Then a gleam 
played upon the window pane of 
her bedroom. Looking out, she 
was horrified to see the roof of 
Mrs. Hunt's kitchen ablaze. All 
of a tremble, she telephoned central 
to turn in a fire alarm. After 
which she ran to Mrs. Hunt's bed- 
room window, and with much 
difficulty aroused the sleeping wo- 

"There ain't time to dress, Mi- 
randa — the roof will fall any min- 

"Oh my pets!" cried Mrs. Hunt. 
"Can't you hear poor Polly?" 

"Now you run in my house," 
instructed Anne, "put on some of 
my clothes — do just what I say — 
an* I'll git Poll if I can." 

Anne went on the other side of 
the house, smashed in a window 
with a rock, at which the magpie 
not yet overcome by smoke flew 
out in safety. She then crawled 
through the window and got Pol- 
ly's cage. The parrot, squawking 
and beating itself against the bars 
of its cage tried to bite her bleeding 
hands. Still carrying the bird, she 
remembered the cat and dog. The 
risk was very great as cinders and 
sparks were falling from the roof, 
but she finally managed to pry 
open the door of the back porch 
and let out the frightened Bat and 
Silverlegs. By this time the fire 
department was at hand, but it 
was impossible to save the house, 
the fire had made such headway. 

Anne, half blinded, her heart 
thumping, stumbled away. On 
reaching her own doorstep, she 
handed Mrs. Hunt the poll parrot, 
and fell in a crumpled heap. A 
fireman carried the little form into 
the house. A tired heart and ner- 
vous collapse from shock was the 
town doctor's verdict. She must 
have rest- and quiet and good care 
for some time. Miranda, still 
dazed from the loss of her home, 


Salt Lake City, Utah j 

§ - 


Gold, Silver, Lead and Copper Ore and Smelter Products 

| Ore Purchasing Department, Seventh Floor McCornick Building 

I Mining and Geological Departments, Sixth Floor McCornick Building 

I Consign all ore shipments to: 

| American Smelting and Refining Company 

Ship Lead Ores to Murray Plant, Murray, Utah 
Ship Copper and Siliceous Ores to Garfield Plant, Garfield, Utah 
Address correspondence as follows : 

Regarding Shipments and Hand Samples to 700 McCorniek Building 

Prospecting and Development, to 61G McCornick Building 




1 164 E. 21st South 
"If it goes in the building we sell it" 

Hyland 555 

M. O. Ashton, Mgr. 

•W IV ■ '■■ 


The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


and its benefits on rainy, foggy and over-cast 
days. Even on sunny days the ultra violet- 
rays are filtered out by smoke, soot and dust. 
By eating three cakes of Fleischmann's Yeast, 
however, you get the health building "sun- 
shine" vitamin D every day, rain or shine. 
It also relieves constipation and its attend- 
ant ills. 


At most Grocers, Soda Fountains and Restaurants 





Why waste $60.00 on 
Certificate when Joseph 
Win. Taylor can fur- 
nish a complete funeral 
for a little more than 
a Certificate costs. 
Services, Quality and 
prices not equaled by 

125 North Main Street 

Phone both oflice and residence Was. 7600 , 





Deserves the Support of Every Loyal Utahn 

Insist on it from your grocer — There is none 


"Flavor with sugar and you flavor with 


but whose iron frame had not suf- 
fered physically, offered her serv- 
ices as nurse and wired Seth to 
come home at once. 


URING Anne's days 
of convalescence, she discovered 
that everyone in town was her 
friend. Her room was a bower of 
flowers, Rosa Cappolini's pet gera- 
nium bravely flaunting its scarlet 
blossoms before the costly roses 
and carnations shipped from the 
city. No visitors were allowed but 
people tiptoed to the door with 
gifts every hour of the day. Anne 
found that, after all, few persons 
forget a kindness. Her neighbors 
only had been waiting for the time 
when they could do something for 

One Saturday afternoon, Anne 
sat bolstered up in a large easy 
chair by the front room window, 
and Seth stood beside her, as Mrs. 
Hunt had gone to town. Out of 
doors the snow was piling up in 
drifts. Thoughts came to Anne 
of the many winter days that she 
had spent in the mining camp, days 
white and silent with the shut-in 
loneliness of heavy snows. 

Seth seemed to read her mind. 
"I know, my dear," said he, "that 
this has never been a pleasant place 
for you to be, — mountains of 
snow in the winter, and not a tree 
or green thing in the summer. 
Well, you must hurry and get 

strong, so's we can move to Peters- 



.E paused for a mo- 
ment mentally going over a glow- 
ing description he had memorized 
to make Anne happy. 

"I looked at that farm," he 
went on, "and — it's a peach. More 
modern conveniences in the house 
than you have here; — old Martha 
and her husband to help with the 
work — big apple trees — old-fash- 
ioned flower garden — fine stock 
and pasturage — and the prettiest 
white Leghorns I ever seen." 

It was a tempting picture. Anne 
waited a long while before she 
said: "I — I don't think we'd bet- 
ter go." 

"Why, as soon as you get well 
enough, the neighbors will begin 
pestering again " 

"I know, but — I just couldn't 
live without 'em. An, Seth, how 
can we ever pay them for all their 
kindness, 'specially Miranda. We 
must give her something extra nice 
for her birthday." 

The Improvement Era for October, 1930 


"Well," rejoined Seth, rather 
testily. "I suppose you hain't done 
a lot for her? Why even now, 
you're putting up with her pesky 
pets while you're sick!" 

But Miranda herself solved the 
gift problem. 

"Anne," she said, as she sat by 
the invalid in the winter's twilight, 

"I just feel that you've done ev- 
erything for me. Not only saved 
my life and my pets — but — well, 
I'm different inside, Anne, and I 
hope I'll never ..." she stopped 
short, overcome by emotion. 

"Now," she 'continued, "I'm 
going to tell you what I think 
will please you as much as it does 

me. You remember the boy who 
sold you those aluminum pans 
while I was away? Jane Bench 
told me you took quite a fancy to 
him. He came here that week they 
wouldn't let anyone see you — we 
got real well acquainted and had a 
long talk. I saw him again, and 
soon as my house is rebuilt, he's 



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It's called the Delco-Light 
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Think of it! That's half again as 
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battery of similar size. And here's 
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The Battery for YOU 
If you want a battery that will 
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are listed below. In addition there is a 

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the battery strap, on the negative plates and on the 
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County State 

Delco-Light Dealer in every community. 

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The Improvement Era for October, 1930 

Radium Is Restoring 
Health to Thousands 

No medicine or drugs. Just a light, 
small, comfortable inexpensive Radio- 
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Perfect EAR 

and SHEEP 


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Send for Free Samples 


Company Page 

Ambassador Hotel 844 

American Asphalt Roof Corpora- 
tion 844 

American Smelting & Mining Co. ..845 

Amundsen Studio 832 

Arthur Frank 842 

Axelrad's 842 

Beneficial Life Insurance Company 

Back Cover 

Bennett Glass S Paint Company-843 
Boyd Park 841 

Brigham Young University 831 

Bureau of Information 829 

Callaway-Hoock & Francis 83 7 

Carl A. Orlob 846 

Collin's 83 9 

Deseret Book Store 818 

Deseret Mortuary 828 

Deseret News Press 840 

Eastman Kodak Company 836 

Elder Bros. Electric Company 823 

Electric Light & Refrigeration — 847 
Ensign, Dr. A. W. (Dentist) ....841 
Eureka Vacuum Cleaner Co 83/ 

First Securities Corporation 

Inside Back Covei 

Fleischmann Yeast Company ____846 

Ghirardelli . 83 8 

Halloran-Judge Trust Company-836 
Henager's Business College 829 

Iron Fireman Corporation 830 

Jensen Bros. Jewelers 83 6 

Keeley's Incorporated 835 

Ketchum Builders Supply Co — 83 9 

Ketterer & Perschon Co. 730 

Kewanee Boiler Corporation 721 

Knight Fuel Company 842 

Landes Tractor &> Equipment Co. .824 

McCune School of Music 83 6 

McKean, H. J. 8 Company .... ....828 

Midvale Home Finance Corpora- 
tion 837 

Miskin Scraper Company 838 

Mt. States Implement Company__78 6 

National Cash Register Company __8 30 

Company Page 

Nature Way Healtjb Cafe 831 

Nephi Plaster Company 834 

Newhouse Hotel 833 

North American Institute 844 

Ogden State Bank ^.827 

Pioneer Mattress Factory 843 

Porter- Walton Company 822 

Portland Cement Association ....822 

Quish School of Beauty Culture..840 

Radium Appliance Company 848 

Radio Studio, Inc. 834 

Regal Cleaning & Dyeing Co 824 

Royal Baking Company 83 2 

Ross Beason &> Company 827 

Salt Lake Cabinet £> Fixture Co. -826 
Salt Lake Hardware Company.- .825 

Salt Lake Knitting Company 821 

Salt Lake Pressed Brick Co 788 

Salt Lake School of Beauty Cul- 
ture 823 

Salt Lake Stamp Company 848 

Sears-Roebuck Company 825 

Sego Milk Company 832 

Shapiro Trunk &> Bag Company __8 27 

Skaggs, O. P. 819 

Speakers Library 819 

Standard Oil Company of Cali- 
fornia 840 

Sugar House Lumber 8 Hardware 

Company 845 

Sweet Coal Company 83 8 

Taylor & Company 827 

Taylor Joseph William 8 Co.. ...8 4 6 
Troy Laundry 828 

Underwood Typewriter Co 819 

Union Dental Company 834 

Urado Remedy Company 840 

Utah Coal Producers Association. 83 3 

Utah Gas 8 Coke Company 785 

Utah High School of Beauty Cul- 
ture 8 2 1 

Utah Home Fire Insurance Co — 83 

Utah Oil Refining Company 841 

Utah Power 8 Light Co. 835 

Utah Savings 8 Trust Co 828 

Western Furniture Company 826 

White Fawn Mill 8 Elevator Co.. 819 

Z. C. M. I Inside Front Cover 

Zion's Saving 8 Trust 818 

coming to board with me and 
work at the mill. Next winter 
he intends to finish his mining en- 
gineering course at the state uni- 
versity, and I'll help him all I can. 
He's a fine boy — loves pets as you 
and I do— he'll kind of take the 
place of " 


.T was the first time 
Anne had seen tears in those hard, 
black eyes. Choking back a sob, 
she said, hesitantly: "An' you'll 
let me have him some time, Miran- 
da, won't you?" 

"Why, Anne, he'll belong to 
both of us. That's just what I 
was going to say!" And Miran- 
da threw her arm affectionately 
about her friend's shoulders. 

"Well, well," bantered Seth, en- 
tering the room at that moment. 
"I always said our neighbors ap- 
preciated us." 

"I'll tell the world!" called Poll, 
seconded by a faint meow from 
Silverlegs and a loud bark from 

Hallowed Season 

(Continued from page 841) 

from some Salem ancestor; at any 
rate, we don't care for any traffic 
with them at any season. 

If it were a romp now with 
the Little Folk, and they all gay 
in their green jackets and wee red 
caps flaunting the white owl's 
feather, each with a frog on a 
leash, well, that sort of a frolic 
wouldn't be amiss, for no harm 
comes to one from the Little Folk 
— unless, to be sure, a thorn tree 
has been cut down for spite; or 
a robin killed — or the salute to 
a dust twirl neglected! 

r\JO, we'd rather pass through the 
^ open door into November — 
and on into each month as it is 
opened to us, without any peep- 
ing through keyholes at the insti- 
gation of a witch. 

A HALF-DRUNKEN man once 
-**■ staggered up to Horace Gree- 
ley and exclaimed, "I am a self- 
made man!" Greeley replied that 
he was delighted to hear it, for it 
must relieve the Creator of a great 
responsibility. , 


By reason of their affiliation in the First Secur- 
ity Corporation group, wide confidence in the 
financial strength and stability of the twenty- 
eight banks of the System has been established. 

Uniting the diversified interests of these sub- 
stantial financial houses of Utah, Idaho and 
Wyomng has brought added security to each. 
These banks constitute the largest intermoun- 
tain banking organization. 

National Copper Bank 
Salt Lake City 

First Savings Bank 

Bankers Trust Co. 
Salt Lake City 

Thatcher Bros. Banking Co. 

First National Bank 

Anderson Bros. Bank 
Idaho Falls, Idaho 


Boise, Pocatello, Nam pa. Payette, Emntett, Mountain Home, Gooding, Jerome, Rupert, Shoshone, Preston, 
Hailey, Montpelier, Blackfoot, Ashton, Idaho; Rock Springs and South Superior, Wyo. ; Richmond, Hyrum, 
Garfield, Magna and Bingham, Utah. 





A * lli 


his family circle 

Is complete; 
This home a charmed 

and fair retreat. 
No want or winds that 

rage outside < 
Can wreck the shelter 

He'll provide. 

When unforseen events remove "the bread winner" from the family group, too often 

the home and family's future is jeopardized. 

Every man should safeguard his wife and children against the loss of the comforts 

they are accustomed to. 



HEBER J. GRANT, Pres. E. T. RALPHS, Gen. Mgr.