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The Improvement Era 



Harrison R. Merrill, Managing Editor 

Heber J. Grant, Editor 

Elsie Talmage Brandley, Associate Editor 

Volume 36 


Number 14 


Gifts for Christmas — and Every Day E. T. Brandley 861 


Greetings to the First Presidency and to the Church in All 

the World 835 

A Peace Offering Charles A. Callis 836 

President Brigham H. Roberts Levi E. Young 838 

Is There A Santa Claus Really? F. Howard Forsyth 844 

Yule Log — Symbol of Christmas Elizabeth Cole 845 

Tiny Town Makes Toys for the World George F. Paul 846 

Christ or Santa Claus? M. Jenkins Jones 847 

The Power of Truth Wm. G. Jordan 848 

The Eternal Bridge , Nephi Jensen 851 

At the World Jamboree J James G. Anderson 855 

The Legend of Quetzalcoatl Norman C. Pierce 858 

The Church Century of Progress Display 864 

The Frontispiece Alice M. Home 842 

The Art of Giving Alice A. Keen 896 


A Gilt-Edged Guardian Mary H. Woolsey 840 The Beloved Cinderella Mary Imlay Taylor 853 

Dear Dot: Estelle W. Thomas 856 


Sonnet Jean Fonnesbeek 838 

Humanity Feels Their Loss Jed Stokes 83 9 

We have Seen His Star Grace Z. Pratt 843 

My Chance L. Paul Roberts 850 

Divine Drama Bess Foster Smith 860 

On Christmas Eve Ella W. Gardner 860 

We Shall Meet Again H. Graehl 877 

How Marvelous is Death Ruth May Fox 860 

Christmas Grace P. Newton 860 

Hill Crest Tree , Edith Cherrington 860 

Autumn Linnie F. Robinson 860 

The Healing Theodore P. Kleven 860 

Communion Alberta H. Christensen 860 

Drifting Things LaRene K. Bleecker 860 

Choice Claire S. Boyer 845 

Past Chas. E. Ingram 896 


Seniors 8 74 

Lights and Shadows on the Screen 862 

Church Music 8 63 

Melchizedek Priesthood . 866 

Aaronic Priesthood 867 

Executive 870 

Adults 871 

Era and Publicity 872 


M Men 875 

M Men- Gleaners 876 

Gleaners 877 

Juniors 878 

Bee-Hive Girls 880 

Vanguards 881 

Your Page and Ours 897 


Organ of the Priesthood Quorums, Mutual Improvement Associations and Department of Education 

Published monthly by the 

Melvin J. Ballard, General Mgr. 
Clarissa A. Beesley, Associate Mgr. 
0, B. Peterson, Business Mgr. 
George Q. Morris, 
Katie C. Jensen 

Chairmen Era and Publicity 


Copyright, iQjs^ by the Young Men's Mutual I;nprovement 

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1917, authorized July 2, 1918. 



To The First Presidency 

and to the Church in All the World- 

Cj re e tings: 

npO us the establishment of the new L, D. S. 
^ Chapel in Washington, D. C, our nation's 
capital, seems to mark a great forward stride in the 
history of the Church. In our way of thinking, it 
is declaring that the Church, by this act, is ready to 
cooperate with all of the forces for good in the 
world to bring about National and International 
understanding and good will. 

We pledge our continued support to the First 
Presidency, whose far-sighted spiritual statesman- 
ship led them to cause this stately edifice to be 
erected at the cross-roads of all nations, and send 
greetings to the membership of the Church in every 
land. May the season bring to all happiness and 
the fullness of joy. 

Geo, Albert Smith, Gen'l Supt. 
Ruth May Fox, Gen'l Pres. 

L. D. S. Chapel, Washington, D. C, and the Portraits of the First Presidency, painted by Lee Greene Richards, which will 

hang in the Chapel 


President Joseph Smith 
Born December 23, 1805 
Martyred June 27, 1844 




A Member of the Quorum of the Twelve 

IN 1844 the Prophet Joseph 
Smith gave the following coun- 
sel with respect to a coming 
event which was soon to cast its 
dark shadow over the land, and 
which was of great and general 

"Pray Congress to pay every 
man a reasonable 
price for his slaves out 
of the surplus revenue 
arising from the sale 
of public lands, and 
from deduction of 
pay from the mem- 
bers of Congress. 

"Break off the 
shackles from the 
poor black man, and 
hire him to labor like 
other human beings; 
for an hour of vir- 
tuous liberty on earth 
is worth a whole 
€ternity of bondage. 
* * * The southern 
people are hospitable 
and noble. They will 
help to rid so free a country of 
every vestige of slavery, whenever 
they are assured of an equivalent 
for their property." — The History 
■of the Church, Volume 2, page 

If American statesmen had fol- 
lowed the course advocated by this 
inspired adviser with the readiness 
Pharaoh accepted the counsel of 
Joseph who was sold into Egypt, 

continued to burn; it made the 
heart of Abraham Lincoln glow 
with compassion and understand- 
ing for the Southern people. 

"U. S. Hist. An informal con- 
ference regarding the arrangement 
of a peace between the North and 
the South, held on the vessel River 
Queen in Hampton 
Roads, February 3, 
1865, between Presi- 
dent Lincoln and Sec- 
retary of State Sew- 
a r d , representing 
the United States, 
and Vice-President 
Stephens, Senator 
Hunter, and Assistant 

nect'ion with some of the move- §5^"^^^^^^ ^ ^ ^^^ 

. , . Campbell, represent- 

m^ents of that pertod. In tms 

what an effusion of blood would 
have been prevented! How differ- 
ent would have been the future of 
the South! 

The wisdom of that advice was 
not extinguished by the passage of 
time nor by the fact that our 
statesmen did not immediately 

Elder Callisy who has spent 
?nany years in the southern states 
as a Mission President^ has given 
considerable of his tim^e to re- 
search in an attempt to establish 
President Joseph Sm^ith^s con- 

Eider Chas. A. Callis 

a means O] 

mg the Confederate 
States. No agree- 
ment was reached." 
— Webster's Diction- 

TTNDER date of 
^October 25, 
heed it. A prophet's message ap- 1932, Hon. Clark Howell, editor 
peals to but few people. After the of the Atlanta Constitution, and 
calamity it is intended to avert has one of the most prominent publi 

article he reviews the m^atter 
connected with the proposed 
purchase of the slaves by the Federal Government as 
j putting an end to the Civil War. 

come and gone leaving a path of 
blood and ruin, then countless 
thousands mourn in sad refrain, 
"It might have been." 

Heaven lighted that prophetic 
torch so that men could see the 
means of escape from the horrors 
of the Civil War. The flame of it 

cists and statesmen in the country, 

"Stephens, of course, belonged 
to an older generation than I, but 
he and my father were close per- 
sonal friends. I was a student at 
the University of Georgia when 
Stephens was elected governor of 

The Improvement Era for December^ 1933 


meeting and of his having gone to 
the president's boat on a cold bleak 
day, heavily wrapped in shawls 
and of his being taken to the main 
salon where Lincoln awaited the 
Confederate commission. He said 
that after shaking hands all around, 
his attendant began to unwind his 
heavy wrappings, laying them 
aside one after the other on a near- 
by chair. 

"Lincoln watched the ceremony 
with interest and finally when the 
little 90-pound Georgian stood un- 
covered, Lincoln said, 'Well, Alex, 
that's the most shucks I ever saw 
from so small a nubbin'." — Atlan- 
tic Constitution. 

ILJE then told of the open-ing of 
the negotiations and of Lin- 
coln's suggestion that if the Coh- 
federate commission would let him 
write the word 'Union,' he would 
let them write the rest. Stephens 
then showed Lincoln written in- 
structions from Davis in which the 
conynission was instructed to con- 
sider nothing that did not recognize 
the independence of the Confeder- 
acy. "That ended the conference, 
for Lincoln replied that he could 
not negotiate on any other basis 
than recognition of the Union. 
Later on I wrote the story of what 
Stephens had said." — Ibid. 

In the course of a lecture 
delivered at Lincoln Union 
Auditorium, Chicago, Feb- 
ruary 12, 1895, Henry 
Watterson, the distinguished 
southern editor, orator and 
statesman, said: 

"After that famous 
Hampton Roads conference, 
when the Confederate Com- 
missioners, Stephens, Camp- 
bell, andHunter, had travers- 
ed the field of official routine 
with Mr. Lincoln, the 
President, and Mr. Seward, 
the Secretary of State, Lin- 
coln, the friend, still the old 
Whig colleague, though one 
was now President of the 
United States and the other 
Vice-President of the South- 
ern Confederacy, took the 
'slim, pale-faced, consump- 
tive man' aside, and, point- 
ing to a sheet of paper he 
methods, and that he believed a held in his hand, said: 'Stephens, 
another well enough for each to conference might bring it about, let me write 'Union' at the top of 
call the other "Abe" and 'Alex.' Stephens took the matter up with that page, and you may write be- 

"While Lincoln was president. President Davis and the Hampton low it whatever else you please.' 
he got word to Stephens that the Roads conference was the outcome. "In the preceding conversation 

war should be settled by peaceful "Stephens told the story of their (Continued on page 888) 

Statue of Lincoln in the Memorial 
Building, Washington, D. C. 

The famous letter to Mrs. Bixhy — 
facsimile Lincoln's own writing 

Georgia. At the time of his 
inauguration I was at home. 

"My father gave Mr. Stephens 
a dinner, attended by some 20 
prominent citizens. I had a 
place at the table. During the 
dinner someone asked Mr. Ste- 
phens for the true story of the 
Hampton Roads conference. Mr. 
Stephens at once told the story 
in detail. He said that he and 
Lincoln were in congress to- 
gether before the war and knew one 



Brigham H 

THE death of President Brig- 
ham H. Roberts removes 

from the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints one of 
the ablest defenders of the Faith 
that the Church has ever had. The 
people revered President Roberts as 
a profound thinker, who was al- 
ways animated by a sincere love for 
the work of God, His gifts won 
recognition in the Nation, and his 
many years of work for the 
quorums of Seventy and in 
the Council over which he 
presided made him known as 
a teacher and leader. As far 
back as forty years ago, he 
had succeeded in making his 
creations a part of the 
thought of the people, and 
his historical works stand 
apart as rich contributions 
to the literature of the 
Church. President Roberts 
was born in Warrington. 
England, March 13, 1857, 
and was the son of Ben- 
jamin and Ann Everington 
Roberts. With his elder 
sister, he came to Utah, 
traveling by ox-team from 
the Missouri River, and set- 
tled in Centerville, Utah. In 
his later years, he recalled 
with feelings of joy the many ex- 
periences he had on the plains as 
he walked bare-foot toward the 
land of Zion. After a journey 
filled with trials and sometimes dis- 
couragements, the two children ar- 
rived in Salt Lake City, where 
within a few months, the mother 
joined the little son and daughter. 
When seventeen years of age, Pres- 
ident Roberts began serving as an 
apprentice in a blacksmith shop in 
the village, and soon became 
known for his successful handling 
of horses, which were brought to 
him from the range. 

He rode one day to Salt Lake 
City and entered the old Univer- 
sity of Deseret, from which he was 
graduated in 1878. He studied 
under Dr. John R. Park, Milton 
H. Hardy, O. H. Riggs, Bartlett 

Trip, and other educators of that was varied, and covered a large 

day. Elder Roberts always had field. Always active in civic affairs, 

pride in that he listened to the lee- he was elected to represent Utah in 

tures of Professor Orson Pratt, Congress, but was refused his seat 

who gave courses in mathematics after a hard and bitter contest over 

and astronomy. He became par- his views on religion. During the 

ticularly interested in history and World War, he was Chaplain of the 

one of the first volumes of history 145th Field Artillery which went 

he read was the "Intellectual De- 
velopment of Europe" by John 
William Draper of the University 





O ESIDE his forge he labored day by day 
X^±J Where shambling ox and plodding horse 

were shod. 
Then came a call, to service, from his God; 
He closed the smithy doors and went away 
To teach the common people whom he loved. 

over-seas from Utah. In France 
hundreds of the young men of the 
American forces looked to him for 
spiritual advice. He died 
an honored member of the 
American Legion. President 
Roberts' writings on Church 
history and kindred subjects 
are voluminous. His books 
are a revelation of his mind, 
and have more literary merit 
than some critics have com- 
monly allowed them. His 
history of the Church is 
monumental in character, 
and is characterized as one 

Like one of old, when God said, "Who will go?" ^J accuracy, ^keen observa- 

And touched his lips with fire, even so 

His lips were touched, since when he proved 

A valiant man of God. And now he's gone; 

His golden, vibrant voice is stilled, his bright 

Illumined face, his kindly heart are gone. 

Blessed with his zeal for justice and for right, 

Through worlds unnumbered he will yet go on, 

Unwearied in his quest of truth and light. 

tion, and calm and sound 
judgment. His "Rise and 
Fall of Nauvoo" is written 
in such a style and manner, 
that his readers appreciate 
the trials and persecutions of 
the Saints in the early his- 
tory of the Church. His 

short treatise on the "Mor- 
of New York. At the time of his mon Battalion" is a monograph of 
death. President Roberts was an rare beauty and insight, and his 
honored member of the Alumni of History of the Church which ap- 
the University of Utah. peared in the Americana a few years 

PRESIDENT ROBERTS filled ago will always be referred to by 
I ^____ ...•__■. .1 rv .-, scholars as a distinct contribution 

to American historical study. His 

two missions to the Southern 
States, and from 1922 to 1927 he 
presided over the Eastern States 
Mission. In 1888, he was or- 
dained a member of the First 
Council of Seventy to fill the va- 
cancy caused by the death of Pres- 
ident Horace S. Eldredge. He was 
associated during the first year 
with presidents Jacob Gates, 
Abram H. Cannon, William W. 
Taylor, George Reynolds and 
Seymour B. Young. At the time 
of his death he was the senior 
member of the First Council. The 
work of President Roberts as a 

New Witness For God is another 
contribution which shows clearly 
the "Mormon" view-point on the 
Mission of Christ our Lord. Of 
his essays, "Joseph Smith, The Pro- 
phet-Teacher" is a first appreciation 
of the work of the founder of Mor- 
monism. There is nothing in his 
writings broader, clearer and more 
forcible than the five volumes pre- 
pared for the Seventies of the Church 
in their class study. Much of his 
work effected its purpose, and it will 
live on into a distant future, because 

member of the Council of Seventy of its sound and vigorous thinking. 




pJTISTORY to President Roberts 
was the joy and labor of his 
life. Whenever he started a piece 
of writing on any subject, he al- 
ways brought to his work a broad 
and comprehensive knowledge ob- 
tained by careful research and read- 
ing. He had a bold and inventive 
mind, which naturally led him to 
unspairing criticism at times. A 
man who had few external advan- 
tages, he was obliged to face the 
world with nothing but his own 
self-confidence and faith. It was 
only a natural result that as the 
years went by, he buried himself 
in his work, which made him tena- 
cious of the ideas which he advo- 
cated. Nature gave him a resolute 
will, and a vehement individuality; 
his personality was forceful and 
directive. The character of his 
thought is shown as a member of 
the State Constitutional Conven^ 

tion, when Utah presented its re- 
quest for statehood. The strug- 
gle for Woman suffrage was a bitter 
one, and many people will recall 
the debate between him and Bishop 

Humanity Feels Their 

By Jed Stokes 

rjTHITNEY. Talmage, Roberts — 
' ' Three such mighty men ! 
Pillars of their day and race — 

Masters of the tongue and pen ! 
Builders, they, of rarest skill: 

Molders of the heart and mind ; 
Comforters for God and Christ — 

What a record left behind ! 
What a loss the world sustains 

In their passing from the earth ! 
But what a boon, their works re- 
main — 

Living thought — enduring worth ! 



A Member of the First 
Council of Seventy 

In closing his speech before the Congress 
of the United States President Roberts said'. 

^^Gentlemen^ I have lived with a good 
conscience until this very day and am sen- 
sible of no act of shame ufon m^y fart; you 
can brand m^e with sham^e and send m^e 
forthy but I shall leave here with head erect 
and brow undaunted^ and walk the earth 
as angels walk the clouds. If you violate 
the Constitution of these United States 

Orson F. Whitney. Elder Whit- 
ney espoused suffrage for women. 
President Roberts bittery opposed 
it. Yet within four years, the votes 
of the women of Utah helped to 
send him to Congress. 

As a preacher. President Roberts 
was forceful and lucid; in debate 
superb and skillful. At times he was 
dangerously impulsive in his words, 
and had frequently to suffer for his 
impulsiveness. Yet no one could 
misunderstand just where he stood 
on a question. Always fearless in 
expressing his opinion, he often lent 
his name to causes he deemed right. 
The two addresses recently given 
at Chicago before the International 
Fellowship of Faiths were received 
by scholars of religion as a digni- 
fied and fine contribution to the 
religious thought of the day. His 
voice was strong and sonorous; his 
diction pure and dignified. His 
thought moved on a high plane, 
and he believed every word he ut- 
tered. As the years go by, Pres- 
ident Roberts will be appreciated 
for his love of the Gospel; and his 
fearless defense of the right. It was 
his character which ennobled the 
office he held, and which enabled 
him to accomplish his great tasks, 
and which will cause him to be held 
in fadeless honor. 

Brigham H. 


Jane Anne was an orphan who 
had one unusually constant friend 
— but then one good friend is "^ 
very present help in time of 
trouble?'^ Mrs. Woolsey is known 
to all who have sung and loved her 
tremendously popular song. 


She seemed to hare a rague recollec' 
tion of seeing it before, though she 
could not be sure; and its caption, 
'The Good Shepherd," told her noth' 
ing. But from the first moment she 
loved it. 

that she was 
afraid. And having 
reached that con- 
clusion, she stop 

made a date. 

She was worried because she did 
not feel happy about it. She had 
heard other girls talk about dates ped worrying — be- 
as if they were a sort of delightful cause being afraid 
adventure, something to fill one 
with pleasant thrills. Jane Anne 
did not feel thrilled. Trying to 
analyze her feelings, she realized 

was so entirely 
natural for her. 
Jane Anne could 
not remember a 


A Gilt-Edged Guardian 


time — that is, up to the past few 
months — when she had not had 
fear as her constant companion. Her 
earliest recollections were of her fear 
of bigger, rough children in the or- 
phanage from which "Mis' Mayne" 
had taken her, to become her "little 
companion." In reality, Jane Anne 
had shortly become Mis' Mayne's 
helpless little slave, fed and clothed 
just enough to keep her able to 
fetch and carry and toil for the 
selfish and lazy and cruel person 
that was Mis' Mayne. 

Denied any but a most meagre 
education, denied friends, and con- 
stantly threatened horrible misfor- 
tunes if she should loiter on errands 
or venture alone outside the pro- 
tection of her "good home" 
(through all those years, Mis' 
Jane Anne had occupied a dingy 
two-room apartment that knew 
little of sunlight or beauty or even 
comfort, and only the essentials of 
cleanliness) , Jane Anne grew from 
pinched, frightened childhood into 
young maturity even more pinched 
and frightened — a curious combi- 
nation of puzzled child and tired 
woman, afraid of Mis' Mayne's 
uncontrollable temper, her frequent 
black fits of mournfulness, and, at 
the last, of her long pain-wracked 
illness, and when Mis' Mayne 
was no more, afraid of the silence, 
the stillness that was as terrifying 
as the stricken woman's cries and 
moans and curses had been. 

One thing, perhaps, that made 
the silence so fearful, was that Jane 
Anne was struggling, then, with 
the problem of earning her living. 
Mis' Mayne's income, a small an- 
nuity leTt her by some long-forgot- 
ten relative, ended with her death 
and left the "little companion" un- 
provided for — and pitifully ill- 
equipped for self-support. 

iHE landlady, appar- 
ently Mis' Mayne's one friend and 
not greatly different from her ex- 
cept in that she sometimes was 
moved by kindness, let Jane Anne 
have a tiny attic room, icy cold in 
winter and stifling hot in summer. 

to call home; and helped her find 
a job. That was in a factory 
where women's smocks and aprons 
were made, and Jane Anne learned 
to sew buttons onto the garments 
with amazing rapidity. From 
seven to five-thirty each day^ — with 
a half-hour for lunch — she sewed 
buttons, and each Saturday at noon 
she received her pay, usually about 
seven dollars and fifty cents. 

Having helped Jane Anne to 
achieve such magnificent independ- 
ence, Mrs. Danbury proceeded to 
charge her three-seventy-five a week 
for the attic room with its grimy 
dark wallpaper, its narrow bed and 
hard, lumpy mattress and scratchy 
blankets, its tall old bureau and 
cracked mirror, its ugly washstand 
and handleless pitcher and chipped 
bowl, its ragged strip or two of 
carpet and a broken rocking-chair. 
Mrs. Danbury had long tried 
vainly to keep that room rented for 
two-twenty-five, but it was char- 
acteristic of Jane Anne's dependence 
and inexperience that she paid the 
three-seventy-five unquestioningly 
and followed the landlady's in- 
structions as to going out for meals, 
except for "paper-bag snacks" and 
the lunches she made to carry to 
work — merely bread-and-cheese or 
jam sandwiches and an apple or 
occasional orange. 


.FTER those first 
numbing, puzzling days of read- 
justment, Jane Anne grew to like 
the attic room, just because it was 
her own and because it had a small 
window that opened easily and 
looked out at a bit of north sky 
(Mis' Mayne's windows had never 
seen the sky; they had shown only 
a narrow alley, with a dreary ex- 
panse of windowless brick wall op- 
posite) . Often in the mornings, 
that little square of sky glowed 
pearly-pink from the sunrise; eve- 
nings, there might be sunset gold; 
and after dark, Jane Anne could see 
a handful of stars! 

By standing on tip-toe beside the 
window, she could see out of it and 
view the neighborhood surround- 

ing. Mostly, blackened roofs and 
smoking chimneys and .weather- 
stained walls constituted her land- 
scape, though there was one tiny 
vista of garden at which Jane Anne, 
sometimes gazed longingly. This 
garden lay just beyond the high 
board wall which separated Mrs. 
Danbury's property from that on 
the opposite side of the block, and 
the one tall scraggly tree in Mrs. 
Danbury's back yard grew just 
where it could most effectively ob- 
struct Jane Anne's view. On the 
whole, Jane Anne found greater 
pleasure in observing the ever- 
changing scenery in her bit of sky, 
which she could watch much more 

Best of all, she liked the stars. 
They seemed to have a message for 
her. After a few months, when 
she was learning to make her 
scanty earnings cover, in a scanty 
way, the needs of her existence, she 
thought she had come to under- 
stand that message: The stars 
were telling her not to be afraid! 

About that time, too she found 
The Picture. She found it between 
the pages of a magazine that had 
been Mis' Mayne's. 

Mis' Mayne had had many mag- 
azines and bright-paper-backed 
books that she was always reading 
but never allowed Jane Anne to 
touch. Now they had all become 
Jane Anne's own, and, neatly 
stacked in a corner near the win- 
dow, they beckoned her like tiny 
gateways opening into new and 
colorful lands. Jane Anne, know- 
ing a little leisure for the first time 
in her life, explored joyously. At 


The Jmprovement Era for December, 1933 

first she just looked at the pictures. 
The one which fascinated her so 
had apparently been torn from 
some other magazine or book. She 
seemed to have a vague recollection 
of seeing it before, though she could 
not be sure; and its caption, "The 
Good Shepherd," told her nothing. 
But from the first moment, she 
loved it. Loved the face of the man 
who looked out at her with eyes 
at once kind and stern, infinitely 
tender and sad and wise. Loved 
his distinguished-looking beard and 
mustache, his mouth that was un- 
smiling yet made her think of beau- 
tiful smiles. She even loved his 
long wavy hair, his white, draped 
robe, though these made him, to 
Jane Anne, definitely unreal — 
which disappointed her somewhat. 
* * And she loved the radiance 
which was all around him. 

, V OR a long time Jane 
Anne sat there on the floor beneath 
her little window, studying the 
Picture; and when she got up, 
stiffly, it was to prop it up on her 
bureau. Strangely comforting was 
its presence, even after dark, when 
she could no longer see it, but 
knew that it was there. It seemed 
to be repeating to her the message 
of the stars. 

Surprisingly, miraculously, Jane 
Anne felt fear slipping away from 
her. It was very wonderful. 

When payday came again, she 
went boldly to a variety-store and 
bought a twenty-five-cent easel- 
style frame for the Shepherd. And 
thereafter he watched over her from 
behind a shining oblong of glass, 
surrounded by a wide gilt border 
that to Jane Anne's worshipful 
eyes, looked like pure gold. 

The Shepherd became her one 
priceless treasure. He was her ad- 
viser and confidant, her dream- 
father, dream-friend, dream-lover. 
Looking at him, Jane Anne felt 
within her something that surged 
and lifted and tugged, and sang of 
un-understandable hopes and long- 
ings — and drove fear farther away 
from her queerly-twisted life. 

At her work, Jane Anne was 
enjoying, now, the novelty of be- 
ing among other girls. Sometimes 
she even dared talk with them, a 
little, timidly. And always she 
was listening. 

It was through the listening that 
Jane Anne came gradually to know 
that her life was difi'erent from the 

lives of these others, who talked of 
parents and brothers and sisters, of 
schools and "talkies" and church; 
Jane Anne decided that she really 
would go to church sometime soon, 
and to "talkies." They talked of 
styles and "waves" and parties. 
Most of all, they talked about their 

Dates, it seemed, were very im- 
portant and desirable. Dates meant 
good times, dancing and fun, and 
"swell eats." Jane Anne listened 
and listened, wondered and wished. 

The Frontispiece 

LATE WINTER MISTS" is a subtle, 
gray-toned rendition of late after- 
noon. The buildings in it ace typical of 
the older homes of the outlying settlements 
whose charm is architectural balance and 
pleasant line, which we hope will endure 
until our children shall pcctake in a measure 
of the pioneer spirit of home — which is 
surely and swiftly passing. J. H. Stans- 
field, the painter of this lovely winter idyl, 
has done well to record this phase of 
Utah's early day building. 

Mr. Stansfield, often called Utah's 
Shepherd painter, is named among the 
unique characters of native artists. He is 
entirely self tutored. As a youth, "Jack," 
as he was called, and is today dubbed, 
picked out the best pieces of charcoal from 
the sheep herders' campRre on the desert, 
and sketched, with growing facility, on the 
wagon covers and on the tents, the things 
about him that he best loved. The neigh- 
bors tell of the stir made by these effective 
sketches when the lad returned with the 
herders after a winter with the sheep. 
Because of his persistent passion for paint- 
ing the desert, and the desert life, he has 
painted himself into a painter of repute 
and his things are hung by the side of 
those who have spent years in art schools 
both home and abroad. He has not been 
content with local exhibitions but has 
bravely pushed into larger fields and by 
invitation, he has shown in New York 
and California. 

Mr. Stansfield's pictures are to be found 
in many private collections in Utah and 
the East, and he is represented in the per- 
manent State Fair Collection and in smh 
school-owned collections as. West Junior 
High, South Cache, Box Elder High, North 
Cache, Jordan High, Murray High, Draper 
Junior High, and Woodruff School, of 
Logan, besides many schools of Sanpete 
and Sevier counties where much of his 
work is produced. 

His favorite themes are the sage mantled 
slopes and desert places of Utah and Ari- 
zona; the Grand Canyon of Colorado; the 
melting snows on the low hills, with their 
deep blue shadows and warm sunlight ; the 
thref snow peaks of Mt. Nebo, and the 
blue Belnap Range of Piute County. Mr. 
StansReld is a genial gentleman bnd a 
fisherman and hunter of no mean ability. 
The best artists of the state give him most 
encouragement and praise his good values, 
his spontaneity, his clean color, and his 
fine individuality seen in his best canvases. 
— Alice Merrill Home. 

Later she would tell the Shep- 
herd about what she had heard, and 
of the wondering and wishing. 
And he would listen kindly, and 
seem to answer, "Don't be afraid, 
Jane Anne. You, too, will have 
dates some day." 

And at last that "some day" had 
come. Jane Anne had made a 
date. But instead of bringing the 
joy she had expected, it brought 
Fear back to her! 

After the first dismayed recog- 
nition, Jane Anne thought she un- 
derstood. She was afraid, simply 
because she was to have an expe- 
rience entirely new and strange and 
important; that was all. She 
never dreamed that she was afraid 
of the man with whom she had 
made the date. 

Except, perhaps, in remember- 
ing that Mis' Mayne had always 
told Jane Anne that all men were 
to be feared and avoided. She must 
have been mistaken. The girls 
here at the factory told Jane Anne, 
indirectly but effectively, that men 
were nice companions who took 
one to shows and restaurants and 
dances; if they liked one a great 
deal, they brought romance and 
marriage and a home of one's own. 

In the books which had been 
Mis' Mayne's, and which Jane 
Anne was laboriously but fasci- 
natedly reading, there were two 
kinds of men. There were tall, 
handsome heroes, clear-eyed and 
bright-haired and strong; fearless 
young god-like beings who loved 
the beautiful heroines with never- 
ending devotion. And then there 
were the villains; swarthy-skinned, 
beetle-browed, thick-lipped crea- 
tures who scowled unceasingly and 
did terrible deeds, but always in 
the end were brought to justice 
through the efforts of the handsome 
young heroes. 

Jane Anne's conclusion was sim- 
ple and confident: The books were 
right. There were the two kinds 
of men. 

"Heiny" Litmer, she thought, 
must be the hero kind, because he 
was fair-haired and fair-skinned 
and quite well-built, and his face 
and hands were always so clean, 
and his clothes so wonderful. True, 
his eyes looked small and ugly, but 
that was, no doubt, because of the 
thick glasses he had to wear. He 
was almost always grinning or 
laughing, and saying things that 
sounded clever. Heiny was, Jane 
(Continued on page 885) 



His Star 

yf STAR— 
/~M Bright in the evening 

High over Judah's hills — . 
Flocks were at rest, 
The springtime sweet 
Had scattered her blossoms 
'Mid the green grasses 
There at their feet. 

A Star — 

Bright in the evening hush — 

While shepherds watched; 

Strange did they feel, 

Yet knew not why — 

At this hushed, deep peace, 

Foreshadowing things — , 

The mystery of the sky. 

A Song — 

In the midst of light; 

Bowed low their heads. 

For angels sang 

Of the birth of a king. 

And the way he must go — . 

Music that trembled into space, 

A song of angeli — 

Glory — grace — ; 

The hills awoke. 

And streams were stayed; 

The night stood still ! 

In triumph sang 

The Heavenly Choir — 

While shepherds stood 

Amazed — afraid — 

In the light — 

— Of a Star. 

The Quest — 

Wise men from lands afar, 

Traveled by night and day 

O'er rugged hills 

And valleys wild — 

Till they came to Bethlehem, 

Weary — to end their quest ; 

And over the place 

Where the baby lay, 

They saw the Star — 

Into the stable 

Where clean, mown hay 

Cradled a Savior. 

The Wise Men came 

With trailing garments 

Of broidered fold ; 

Kneeling, they offered 

Their gifts of gold — 

Of frankincense and of myrrh — 

And Mary — the Mother — 

Did she not feel — 

That joy had come to her? 

A King — 

And shepherds came. 
They worshiped 
The baby King, 
There in the stall ; 
While still the echoes 
Of heavenly song 
Filled the valleys 
And touched the hills; 
The gates of heaven 
Were still ajar 
To hail the Lord of all. 

A Star — A Song; 

In Mary's heart 

The song lived on, 

She had cradled a King 

In her arms; 

She had loved a child. 

Had suffered and wept; 

She had crept from the Valley 

so dark 
By the light — 

Of a Star. 
Trembling at world's alarms, 
Dangers which threatened 
Her baby's way — . 
But the years passed by — 
As years must pass — 

To a latter day. 

The Cross — 

The Song grew dim. 

Men scoffed because 

His ways were strange; 

When he showed the way 

To better things 

* * * They crucified Him. 

^ j|e j|c :Jc ^ 

O Mary, the Star still shines, 

Though a cross is dark 

Against the sky; 

He lives we know ! 

On Bethlehem's hills, 

In the town close by, 

Tonight — we have seen the Star, 

And have heard the Song; 

Wise Men pass by 

In silence — kneel once more, 

Offering gifts and love 

Unto Thee. From afar — 

By the light of a Star — 

Worshiping Him. 





s There A 



THE first winter after you 
learned to talk you began 

noticing an unusual subject 
of interest among the family, which 
increased as the nights grew longer 
and colder, and became almost an 
ever-present phenomenon by the 
time the newspaper began printing 
daily notices: "So Many More 
Shopping Days Before — Christ- 

Christmas! That was the word, 
it was a new word to you, and you 
wondered what it meant. Brother 
or sister told you it was when 
Santa Claus came with his reindeers 
and brought you toys and candy 
and peanuts and fruits. Toys, the 
kinds you like! If you are good 
and Santa is not too poor this year. 
He will give them to you. Free. 

Nobody ever explained how 
Santa could go on giving and giv- 
ing every year, or who gave Santa 
Claus things for being good. That 
did not worry you anyway. All 
you cared was that you would re- 
ceive, just receive. You were im- 
pressed with the idea that Christ- 
mas existed for your individual 
happiness, and the best way you 
could be happy you knew would 
be to receive the greatest number 
of gifts. 

But one day Mother sat down 
and told you all about Christ, how 

he was born in Bethlehem two 
thousand years ago, and how a new 
star appeared on Christmas eve, the 
night he was born. And because 
Christ made everybody in the 
world happier, so we celebrate 
Christmas and try to be happy. It 
was a solemn occasion and you felt 
rather dampened for a while, until 
someone mentioned Santa Claus 

You thought Santa Claus was a 
much more likeable man than 

And what did Christ have to do 
with Christmas besides having a 
birthday then? You knew a play- 
mate who had a birthday on De- 
cember 25, and they always had a 
birthday cake witii candles and 
gave him the biggest piece. 

That was your idea for several 

Then something terrible hap- 
pened. Somebody told you there 
wasn't really a Santa Claus who 
went all over the world on Christ- 

mas eve with a team of fast rein- 
deers or an airplane. And grad- 
ually you had to reject the "Santa 
Claus myth," partly from its ab- 
surdity and partly because nearly 
all the older children you ques- 
tioned laughed and said of course 
there was no such thing. 

You wondered what would be- 
come of Christmas now. 

(CHRISTMAS came, and it seem- 
ed to be just as big an affair as 
ever, even though all the thrill had 
gone for you. But Mother and 
Dad enjoyed it, and even the older 
ones who told you there was no 
Santa seemed to be glad there was 
still a Christmas. 

Then you had to adjust from a 
receiving-philosophy to a giving- 
philosophy, or at least to a Golden 
Rule attitude. It was painful but 
you did it, and in doing it you dis- 
covered Christ. And you discov- 
ered also that Christ was the man 
who kept Christmas alive, and that 
Saint Nicholas, who never saw 
Christ, was merely the vehicle for 
the children's Christmas because he 
was famous for loving children. 

You discovered again that there 
really is, or was a Saint Nicholas, 
if we can trust numerous very in- 
sistent legends. 

He was an exceptionally good 

The Improvement Era for December, 1933 


man who lived about three hun- 
dred years after Christ in Asia 
Minor, not very far from where 
the Man of Galilee walked and 
talked with people and impressed 
them with his marvelous sincerity. 
Among the many legends justify- 
ing the saint's present day promi- 
nence with children is the one in 
which he is credited with bringing 
back to life the three murdered sons 
of a rich man. 

wonderful things and when he 
died people started celebrating him 
in the latter part of December, coin- 
cident with a widespread pagan 
celebration invoking the sun god 
to lengthen the days and take away 
the approaching cold weather. This 
celebration spread over many parts 
of Europe and gradually was local- 
ized at December 25. 


By Claire S. Boyer 

J SHOP with tools, 
■^-'- The music of a saw, 
Wood to construct a door, 
A father's law — • 
These did the man, 
Joseph the Carpenter, 
Offer to Jesus once. 
Saw him prefer 
Workshop of worlds, 
The music of the soul. 
Men His materials 
And life His goal; 
With these He shaped 
Doors to eternity. 
Fashioned salvation's law 
That all might see! 

But the Christians during these 
years were celebrating Easter, the 
death and resurrection of Jesus 
Christ, for it was a Christian ten- 
dency to celebrate the death rather 
than the birth of its heroes. 

Nobody knew the exact day 
when Christ was born, for as many 
months have been named for this 
honor as there are in the calendar. 
But many of the people in the 
Indo-European world thought his 
birthday was December 25, so the 
Christian fathers urged that these 
two occasions be celebrated as one. 

Thus started a custom which 
came through various channels to 
America, a custom in the making of 
which Saint Nicholas played per- 
haps as large a part as did Jesus, 
and in which he is today still an 
important figure. 

As long as Christmas remains an 
effective medium in temporarily 
civilizing mankind in the Western 
world once every year, just so long 
will Saint Nicholas probably rein- 
force that medium with the glamor 
of his presence. 

There really is a Santa Claus. 

ocx*^^* <► 



(Symbol of (s)hrtstmas 

"Come bring with a noise, 
My mcrrie, mcrrie boys. 
The Christmas Log to the firing." 

— Herrick. 

WHAT pleasant old customs 
people used to have at 
Christmas! With great cere- 
mony, in the olden days, the Christ- 
mas log was brought into the home. 
This great "clog" of wood, chosen 
with care and laid in the huge fireplace, 
was lighted with a brand saved from 
last year's clog. Great drinking, sing- 
ing and telling of tales in the light of 
the ruddy blaze were part of the Christ- 
mas celebration. All through the night 
that Yule log was kept burning and if 
by any oversight the flame went out 
ill luck would surely befall the home. 

Who has not at times lamented the 
passing of these simple holiday rites? 
Society has taken on a shallower, more 
sophisticated tone and cannot enter 
wholeheartedly into the unaffected 
good fellowship of former days. Then 
the joy of a merry Christmas meant 


the joining of peer and peasant in cele- 
brating together the Savior's birth. 
Holly, mistletoe, games, the country 
dance, the flowing wassail bowl, the 
groaning Christmas dinner table, the 
sincere church service so artlessly en- 
joyed by young and old, rich and poor, 
all contributed to the charm of Christ- 
mas in days gone by. 

Now our holiday season is filled 
with hastening from shop to shop, 
striving to make Santa Claus and what 
he stands for seem real to the children. 
The season is patronizingly endured by 
the grown-ups. An agitated feeling of 

excitement permeates our crowded 
days, and our dashing generation has 
little peace at Christmas. 

Yet peace is what Christmas really 
stands for. "Peace on earth — Good 
will toward men," sang the waits out- 
side the windows on Christmas Eve 
to family and guests as they- gathered 
about the glowing yule log. 

In memory of the pleasant old cus- 
tom the 1933 Christmas Seal depicts 
the bringing in of an ancient Christmas 
yule log. Announced by the heralding 
iDUgler, two medieval figures drag in 
the enormous log, against a background 
of golden winter sunset. They call to 
mind the former days and symbolize 
the true spirit of peace on earth that 
unites all people at this season of good 
will. They would remind everyone 
who pastes the little stickers on mail 
and packages that the old, real Christ- 
mas is not gone. For true Christmas 
peace and happiness, which no amount 
of material troubles can everlastingly 
destroy, will be in the heart of every- 
one who "shares" the gift of health by 
using Christmas seals throughout De- 


Tiny Town Makes 

Toys for World 

Take a trip with George Paul to Santa 
Claus town. 

More bears than there are in 
Yellowstone Park 

In one of the Shops 
at Sonneberg 

TOYS, tens of thousands of 
them trooping forth from 
little houses in the tiny town 
of Sonneberg — toys to bring ten 
times ten thousand thrills of happi- 
ness to the children of the world! 
Toys that open their eyes, that move 
their arms, that bring messages of 
good cheer wherever they may go. 
Toys with bright and shining colors 
that bring new light and life to the 
eyes of children come marching gayly 
from this German town as if they 
were following some modern Pied 
Piper of Hamelin. 

The visitor to this quaint town 
will hear, on passing almost any 
house, a strange, sibilant sound. If 
he enters the house he will find one or 
more members of the family busy with 
blov/pipes forming the fragile glass 

The Improvement Era for December, 1933 


balls and other decora- 
tions that adorn Christ- 
mas trees. Mother, Grand- 
mother and the children 
are all busy painting toys 
and packing them for the 
long journey they are to 
take, often across the seas. 

Old documents show 
that for two hundred 
years Sonneberg has been 
sending toys to all parts 
of the world. Among 
the most precious treas- 
ures in the local toy 
museum are queer little 
wooden animals that are 
colored with bilberry juice. There 
is quite a collection of old-fash- 
ioned toys, horses with colts, elks, 
cuckoos, spherical women holding 
in their arms babies that they 
dandle when one pulls a string. 

Presently toy-making developed 
beyond the use of wood alone, the 
first material. A more plastic ma- 
terial was needed; it was finally hit 
upon in the form of the so-called 
"bread dough," a mixture of glue, 
water and rye flour. At first a 
layer of this was applied to the 
wooden objects and details were 
modeled with it. Wooden dolls 
were provided with faces or even 
whole heads of this dough. 

The next step brought figures 
entirely of dough, with merely 

Tiny Town makes toys for the 

a frame of wire. Tiny figures of 
this kind, which were modeled en- 
tirely by hand, were in many in- 
stances made so tastefully and deli- 
cately that they can be regarded as 
plastic masterpieces. But the ma- 
terial was far from perfect — it was 
likely to crack if it dried too fast or 
to mildew if it dried too slowly 
Furthermore it furnished a delight- 
ful food for mice, which often nib- 
bled at their favorite toys through- 
out the night. 

npHE mice did not like it one bit 
when the toy-makers of Son- 
neberg suddenly changed to papier- 
mache for toy-making and no 

longer used the rye flour 
dough. The mice did not 
like the mineral matter 
in the new composition 
and refused to touch it, 
much to the relief of the 

The toy-makers of 
Sonneberg try to keep 
abreast of the times. The 
boys of today hav» be- 
come more in favor of 
mechanical toys, toys that 
will do something, and 
accordingly the toy-mak- 
ers are turning out new 
styles in automobiles, 
rocket-cars, miniature planes, sail- 
boats and other late developments. 
New style dolls are being made 
for the girls of the world. In 
hundreds of home-factories are be- 
ing made the so-called "human" 
dolls; they have snub noses, 
freckles, maybe a mole or two, and 
other features that are not possessed 
by the winners of juvenile beauty 
contests. The old-fashioned bisque 
doll, with her plump cheeks and 
her wavy hair, is soon to become a 
thing of the past. Only in some 
cupboards, carefully packed by a 
girl who doesn't intend to grow 
up, will she display her charms. 
Modern dolls that can talk seem 
to have talked her into taking a 
well-earned rest. 


We have no quarrel with Santa 
Claus. He is a dear old mythical 
character intertwined with sweet 
memories, but we do agree that we 
should teach our children of the 
greatest of all givers. — Eds. 

AT Christmas time it seems 
rather a coincidence that a 

few of my acquaintances 
decide to give me a few presents 
and present them all the same day. 
So it is with those who do not 
fully understand and appreciate the 
significance of this day set apart as 
the anniversary of the birth of 
Jesus Christ. 

When we celebrate the birthdays 
of our great men, we think of 
things they have done, their ex- 
amples of clean, honest living. We 
contemplate their teaching and 
their lessons. In celebrating Wash- 

Christ or Santa Claus? 


ington's birthday, we think of his 
career as a surveyor, as a soldier, 
as commander in chief of his 
country's army, and finally as 
President. His was a career of 
morally and physically clean and 
courageous living. He made of 
himself a worthy example for us 
to set before our children. We are 
not ashamed to discuss his life. We 
hang flags out to show our patriot- 

V\/'HEN we celebrate Lincoln's 
birthday, we think of the 
unforgetable incident of his walk- 
ing for miles to return a few 
pennies. His honesty was real. 
Nor can we forget his life while 
a young boy in the backwoods. 
What a story to tell the little ones! 
Lincoln's life is made even more 
idealistic by his celebrated debate 

with Douglas and his immortal 
Gettysburg address. But the real 
Lincoln is the Lincoln who fought 
for his country with the help of 

The children of today know 
much about those men who are 
considered great. But, when the 
birthday of the greatest man who 
ever lived on this earth comes 
along, we tell the children of Santa 
Claus. The children unknow- 
ingly come to the conclusion that 
Christmas is in honor of Saint 
Nick, and we make it so. Christ- 
mas is for Christ, not Santa Claus. 
Are we ashamed of Christ? Are 
we afraid to be called Christians? 
Have we lost pur love of truth? 
The most beautiful story the world 
has ever known is as beautiful to- 
day as it was when it was being 
enacted in and about Bethlehem 
(Continued on page 891) 


^he T^ower of ^ruth 

The Courage to Face Ingratitude 

^ At this Christmas time is afforded an o-p-por- 
tunity to reveal our gratitude to Him. who gave so 
m^uch^ by giving^ or our ingratitude by showing in 
our acts that nsoe do not affreciate His sacrifice. 


William George Jordan 

INGRATITUDE, the most 
popular sin of humanity, is 
forgetfulness of the heart. It is 
the revelation of the emptiness of 
pretended loyalty. The individual 
who possesses it finds it the shortest 
cut to all the other vices. 

Ingratitude is a crime more des- 
picable than revenge, which is only 
returning evil for evil, while in- 
gratitude returns evil for good. 
People who are ungrateful rarely 
forgive you if you do them a good 
turn. Their microscopic hearts re- 
sent the humiliation of having been 
helped by a superior, and this rank- 
ling feeling filtering through their 
petty natures often ends in hate 
and treachery. 

Gratitude is thankfulness ex- 
pressed in action. It is the instinc- 
tive radiation of justice, giving new 
life and energy to the individual 
from whom it emanates. It is the 
heart's recognition of kindness that 
the lips cannot repay. Gratitude 
never counts its payments. It 
realizes that no debt of kindness can 
ever be outlawed, ever be cancelled, 
ever paid in full. Gratitude ever 
feels the insignificance of its instal- 
ments; ingratitude the nothingness 
of the debt. Gratitude is the flow- 
ering of a seed of kindness; ingrati- 
tude is the dead inactivity of a seed 
dropped on a stone. 

The expectation of gratitude is 
human; the rising superior to in- 
gratitude is almost divine. To de- 
sire recognition of our acts of kind- 
ness and to hunger for appreciation 
and the simple justice of a return of 
good for good, is natural. But 
man never rises to the dignity of 
true living until he has the courage 
that dares to face ingratitude 
calmly, and to pursue his course 
unchanged when his good works 
meet with thanklessness or disdain. 

Man should have only one court 
of appeals as to his actions, not 

"what will be the result?" "how 
will it be received?" but "is it 
right?" Then he should live his 
life in harmony with this standard 
alone, serenely, bravely, loyally 
and unfalteringly, making "right 
for right's sake" both his ideal and 
his inspiration. 

A/TAN should not be an automatic 
gas-machine, cleverly con- 
trived to release a given quantity 
of illumination under the stimulus 
of a nickel. He should be like the 
great sun itself which ever radiates 
light, warmth, life and power, be- 
cause it cannot help doing so, be- 
cause these qualities fill the heart 
of the sun, and for it to have them 
means that it must give them con- 
stantly. Let the sunlight of our 
sympathy, tenderness, love, appre- 
ciation, influence and kindness ever 
go out from us as a glow to bright- 
en and hearten others. But do not 
let us ever spoil it all by going 
through life constantly collecting 
receipts, as vouchers, to stick on 
the file of our self-approval. 

It is hard to see those who have 
sat at our board in the days of our 
prosperity, flee as from a pestilence 
when misfortune darkens our door- 
way; to see the loyalty upon which 
we would have staked our life, that 
seemed firm as a rock, crack and 
splinter like thin glass at the first 
real test; to know that the fire of 
friendship at which we could ever 
warm our hands in our hour of 
need, has turned to cold, dead, gray 
ashes, where warmth is but a 
haunting memory. 

To realize that he who once 
lived in the sanctuary of our af- 
fection, in the frank confidence 
where conversation seemed but our 
soliloquy, and to whom our aims 
and aspirations have been thrown 
open with no Bluebeard chamber 
of reserve, has been secretly poison- 

ing the waters of our reputation 
and undermining us by his lies and 
treachery, is hard indeed. But no 
matter how the ingratitude stings 
us, we should just swallow the sob, 
stifle the tear, smile serenely and 
bravely, and — seek to forget. 

In justice to ourselves we should 
not permit the ingratitude of a few 
to make us condemn the whole 
world. We pay too much tribute 
to a few human insects when we 
let their wrong-doing paralyze our 
faith in humanity. It is a lie of the 
cynics that says "all men are un- 
grateful," a companion lie to "all 
men have their price." We must 
trust humanity if we would get 
good from humanity. He who 
thinks all mankind is vile is a pessi- 
mist who mistakes his introspec- 
tion for observation; he looks into 
his own heart and thinks he sees the 
world. He is like a cross-eyed man, 
who never sees what he seems to be 
looking at. 

(CONFIDENCE and credit are the 
cornerstones of business, as 
they are of society. Withdraw 
them from business and the activ- 
ities and enterprises of the world 
would stop in an instant, topple 
and fall into chaos. Withdraw 
confidence in humanity from the 
individual, and he becomes but a 
breathing, selfish egotist, the one 
good man left, working overtime 
in nursing his petty grudge against 
the world because a few whom he 
has favored have been ungrateful. 

If a man receives a counterfeit 
dollar he does not straightway lose 
his faith in all money, — at least 
there are no such instances on rec- 
ord in this country. If he has a 
run of three or four days of dull 
weather he does not say "the sun 
ceases to exist, there are surely no 
bright days to come in the whole 
calendar of time." 

The Improvement Era for December^ 1933 


If a man's breakfast is rendered 
an unpleasant memory by some 
item of food that has outlived its 
usefulness, he does not forswear 
eating. If a man finds under a tree 
an apple with a suspicious looking 
hole on one side, he does not con- 
demn the whole orchard; he simply 
confines his criticism to that apple. 
But he who has helped some one 
who, later, did not pass a good 
examination on gratitude, says in a 
voice plaintive with the conscious- 
ness of injury, and with a nod of 
his head that implies the wisdom 
of Solomon: "I have had my ex- 
perience, I have learned my lesson. 
This is the last time I will have 
faith in any man. I did this for 
him, and that for him, and now, 
look at the result!" 

Then he unrolls a long schedule 
of favors, carefully itemized and 
added up, till it seems the pay-roll 
of a great city. He complains of 
the injustice of one man, yet he is 
willing to be unjust to the whole 
world, making it bear the punish- 
ment of the wrong of an indi- 
vidual. There is too much vi- 
carious suffering already in this 
earth of ours without this lillipu- 
tian attempt to extend it by syndi- 
cating one man's ingratitude. If 
one man drinks to excess, it is not 
absolute justice to send the whole 
world to jail. 

npHE farmer does not expect every 
seed that he sows in hope and 
faith to fall on good ground and 
bring forth its harvest; he is per- 
fectly certain that this will not be 
so, cannot be. He is counting on 
the final outcome of many seeds, 
on the harvest of all, rather than 
on the harvest of one. If you really 
want gratitude, and must have it, 
be willing to make many men your 

The more unselfish, charitable 
and exalted the life and mission of 
the individual, the larger will be 
the number of instances of ingrati- 
tude that must be met and van- 
quished. The thirty years of 
Christ's life was a tragedy of in- 
gratitudes. Ingratitude is manifest 
in three degrees of intensity in the 
world — He knew them all in num- 
berless bitter instances. 

The first phase, the simplest and 
most common, is that of thought- 
less thanklessness, as was shown in 
the case of the ten lepers healed in 
one day — nine departed without a 
word, only one gave thanks. 

The second phase of ingratitude 

is denial, a positive sin, not the 
mere negation of thanklessness. 
This was exemplified in Peter, 
whose selfish desire J;o stand well 
with two maids and some bystand- 
ers, in the hour when he had the 
opportunity to be loyal to Christ, 
forgot his friendship, lost all 
thought of his indebtedness to his 
Master, and denied Him, not once 
or twice, but three times. 

The third phase of ingratitude 
is treachery, where selfishness grows 
vindictive, as shown by Judas, the 
honored treasurer of the little band 
of thirteen, whose jealousy, in- 
gratitude, and thirty pieces of sil- 
ver, made possible the tragedy of 

These three — thanklessness, de- 
nial and treachery — run the gamut 
of ingratitude, and the first leads to 
the second, and the second prepares 
the way for the third. 

We must ever tower high above 
dependence on human gratitude or 
we can do nothing really great, 
nothing truly noble. The expec- 
tation of gratitude is the alloy of 
an otherwise virtuous act. It ever 
dulls the edge of even our best ac- 
tions. Most persons look at grati- 
tude as a protective tariff on virtues. 
The man who is weakened in well- 
doing by the ingratitude of others, 
is serving God on a salary basis. He 
is a hired soldier, not a volunteer. 
He should be honest enough to see 
that he is working for a reward; 
like a child, he is being good for a 
bonus. He is really regarding his 
kindness and his other expressions 
of goodness as moral stock he is 
willing to hold only so long as they 
pay dividends. 

There is in such living always a 

King Winter Pays Washington, D. C. 
a visit. — by Glen Perrins, Ogden, Utah 

touch of the pose; it is waiting for 
the applause of the gallery. We 
must let the consciousness of doing 
right, of living up to our ideals, be 
our reward and stimulus, or life 
will become to us but a series of 
failures, sorrow and disappoint- 

TV/TUCH of the seeming ingrati- 
tude in life comes from our 
magnifying of our own acts, our 
minifying of the acts of others. We 
may have over-estimated the im- 
portance of something that we have 
done ; it may have been most trivial, 
purely incidental, yet the marvelous 
working of the loom of time 
brought out great and unexpected 
results to the recipient of our favor. 
We often feel that wondrous 
gratitude is due us, though we 
were in no wise the inspiration of 
the success we survey with such a 
feeling of pride. A chance intro- 
duction given by us on the street 
may, through an infinity of cir- 
cumstances, make our friend a mil- 
lionaire. Thanks may be due us 
for the introduction, and perhaps 
not even that, for it might have 
been unavoidable, but surely we 
err when we expect him to be 
meekly grateful to us for his sub- 
sequent millions. 

The essence of truest kindness 
lies in the grace with which it is 
performed. Some men seem to dis- 
count all gratitude, almost make it 
impossible, by the way in which 
they grant favors. They make you 
feel so small, so mean, so inferior; 
your cheeks burn with indignation 
in the acceptance of the boon you 
seek at their hands. You feel it is 
like a bone thrown at a dog, instead 
of the quick, sympathetic gracious- 
ness that forestalls your explana- 
tions and waives your thanks with 
a smile, the pleasure of one friend 
who has been favored with the op- 
portunity to be of service to an- 
other. The man who makes an- 
other feel like an insect reclining on 
a red-hot stove while he is receiving 
a favor, has no right to expect 
future gratitude, — he should feel 
satisfied if he receives forgiveness. 

Let us forget the good deeds we 
have done by making them seem 
small in comparison with the 
greater things we are doing, and 
the still greater acts we hope to do. 
This is true generosity, and will 
develop gratitude in the soul of 
hirh who has been helped, unless 
(Continued on page 890) 





^^\LEEP, babe of mine, and white you sleep 

V y I'll watch, the whole time through. 

And may your dreams be half as sweet 
As are my dreams for you. 

Rest, babe of mine, I'll guard your rest 
While dead hopes rise anew; 
My half-forgotten hopes of youth 
May be fulfilled in you. 


Photograph by 

A kindly God who saw me fail. 
In mercy, gave me you. 
My dear, beloved. Second Chance 
To strive and be and do. 

Th®se 'whose feet are having dijficulty 
finding the ^^fath to the stars^^ will enjoy this 
thought-provoking article by Judge Jensen. 
Here he is advancing the idea that Faith, after 
ally is the eternal bridge which spans the 
chasm between the known and the unknown. 





ternal fridge 




AS I write I have before me a 
book. "The Unseen 
World" is the title. This 
title obviously suggests the author- 
ship of a preacher. A few pages 
from the opening chapter appears 
the following: "At the very be- 
ginning (of the learning process) 
there is something that might be 
described as an act of faith." Now 
of course you are convinced that a 
theologian is the author. 

But you are mistaken. The 
book was actually written by that 
internationally known scientist 
Arthur Stanley Eddington. By 
way of amplification of his thought 
he says, "We look in the telescope 
because we believe that what our 
eyes have to show us is significant." 

A hundred illustrations taken 
from every day life could be found 
in support of this great scientist's 
conclusion. A student of mathe- 
matics is at work attempting to 
solve a problem by using a given 
method. Why does he follow this 
particular method? Not because 
he knows it is the right one. If he 
knew it was the right one he would 
not need to solve the problem. He 
follows the precise method simply 
because he believes it will work. 

Another student is in the chem- 
ical laboratory trying to obtain 
certain results by the use of a 
formula. Why does he follow the 
particular formula? For the same 
reason that the mathematical stu- 

dent follows his method. He be- 
lieves it will work. 

A student takes one course of 
study rather than another. Why? 
Not because he knows it is the best; 
but because he accepts the advice of 
instructors, and so throughout 
every ramification of the learning 
process we are actually guided by 

Doctor Benjamin Moore, an 
outstanding bio-chemist, gave this 
idea of faith another phrasing. In 
his "Origin of Life" he says, "It 
is by the imagination that science 
is led on from discovery to discov- 
ery." This is a most significant 
description of the secret of scien- 
tific achievement. And it is pro- 
foundly true. 

t^VERY advance in science is 
made by stepping from the 
known to the unknown. This 
step cannot be taken by the aid of 
absolute knowledge alone, for 
knowledge has not yet crossed the 
chasm. Nor can the ordinary 
reason bridge the gulf. Reason 
can only take us to the outer edge 
of what is known. If we go be- 
yond the outskirts of what we 
know, we must be led by a faculty 
that outstrips knowledge and 

What is it in the mind that 
makes it venture into the unex- 
plored realm? It is the faculty 
that can infer the unknown from 
what is known without under- 
standing or reasoning out the rela- 

tionship between the two. Or, in 
other words, it is the power to get 
a definite mental image of what has 
not yet been seen or discovered. 

But it is not enough to imagine 
or surmise the existence of the un- 
known. Unless the inference of 
the existence of what has not yet 
come within the range of our 
knowledge, awakens within us the 
belief that we can, by investigation 
or experimentation actually come 
to know what we imagine is a 
fact, we shall not be "led on from 
discovery to discovery." Imagina- 
tion gives us the first glimpse of the 
unknown; but it is bold venturing 
faith that carries us across the 
chasm to new facts and new truths. 

This power to get an inference 
or intimation of the unknown by 
a sort of quick intuition is the 
secret of all discovery. Or, in other 
words, it is the lamp of faith that 
sheds its rays far beyond the fron- 
tiers of what has been discovered; 
and leads the way to new discov- 

The marvelous discoveries of 
Pasteur in the field of bacteriology 
furnish a striking illustration of 
how an inference of unknown 
truth intensified by an abiding 
conviction, urges the scientist on- 


The Improvement Era for December, 1933 

ward in his ceaseless experimenta- 

TN 1859 there was a great agita- 
tion among scientists on the 
question of life. Most of the 
scholars of the time accepted the 
theory that life came into existence 
spontaneously from inorganic mat- 
ter. Philosophers and naturalists 
assented to this conclusion. Pas- 
teur did not agree with them. He 
conceived that the discovery of the 
secret of fermentation would throw 
light on the subject. He surmised 
that fermentation was caused by 
the contact of living organisms 
with unliving substance. To start 
with it was only a surmise. But 
back of that surmise was an intense 
conviction that the inference was 
true. That faith spurred him on 
irresistibly in his painstaking ex- 
periments. Learned associates 
tried to dissuade him. M. Biot 
told him that he would never 
find the secret. But despite dis- 
couragement and notwithstanding 
the illusiveness of the secret, he 
plodded on through the years. His 
faith triumphed gloriously. He 
verified his first intimation. He 
also discovered that putrefaction is 
caused by living organisms coming 
in contact with fleshy and other 
substances. Out of these simple 
discoveries came the whole splen- 
did modern theory of the cause of 
disease. And the man whose faith 
and industry blazed the way from 
gross ignorance to enlightenment 
in the field of medicine, has come 
to be called the "most perfect man 
that has ever entered the kingdom 
of science." 

While Pasteur was ardently ex- 
perimenting with tartaric acids in 
the hope of producing racemic acid, 
he wrote, "There is an abyss to 
cross." There is an abyss to cross 
in all scientific research. It is the 
abyss that separates the unknown 
from the known. It cannot be 
crossed by mere half-hearted, aim- 
less experimentation. The abyss is 
often so wide that years of industry 
arc necessary to cross it. Only 
faith's foresight can give the cour- 
age necessary to accomplish the 
tremendous task. 

In the field of invention it is the 
same quick intuitive inference of 
the unknown quickened into action 
by faith, that carries the inventor 
onward in his discoveries. In 1826 
there were hundreds of men who 
knew that a current of electricity 

would instantly pass from one end 
of a piece of wire to the other. 
Knowledge of this simple fact, 
however, did not lead them to con- 
clude that both ends of the wire at 
long distances apart might be made 
to record simultaneously the same 
characters or figures; and thereby 
become a means of instantaneous 
communication. They could not 
cross the chasm between what was 
known about electricity and the 
unknown fact of telegraphy. Why? 
Simply because they did not have 
the lamp of faith. But there was 
one man who had faith's marvelous 
intuition. His name is Samuel F. 
B. Morse. He quickly inferred 
from the known fact that electrical 
energy would make a piece of wire 
behave the same way at both ends 
at the same time that it would be 
possible to make the two ends of 
a piece of wire at long distances 
apart record the same ideas. He 
not only caught this inference, but 
with it came the confident belief 
that the inference was true. This 
faith impelled him to make innum- 
erable experiments until in 1835 
electrical telegraphy became an 
established fact. 

T^HE light of faith has been the 
torch of progress in the realm 
of geographical discovery. In 1492 
there were many book geographers 
who accepted the fact of the ro- 
tundity of the earth. But these 
cloistered students of the earth's 
form and size did not dare venture 
out on the trackless ocean. They 
were without the faith that boldly 
strikes out into the realm of the 
unseen and unknown. They could 
only reason about the significance 
of the known geographical facts. 
And timid reason always hugs close 
to the shore; it never sets out upon 
the vast undiscovered ocean. 

But at that time there was one 
most remarkable mariner. His 
name is Christopher Columbus. 
He was no more certain than the 
cloistered geographers that the earth 
is round. But he had something 
they did not have. He had some- 
thing akin to vision. He had faith. 
By this faith his mind boldly 
leaped from the idea of the earth's 
rotundity to the conclusion that 
he could sail v/estward and reach 
the east coast of India. This was 
a most daring conception. It out- 
stripped all that the geographers 
had ever dreamed of. This simple 
mariner was able to outreach all 

that these book students had con- 
ceived because he was inspired and 
sustained by an all-seeing and all- 
comprehending faith. By this 
sublime faith he ventured out into 
the trackless and specter-infested 
ocean. By faith he was nerved 
with courage to sail on, even when 
his crew mutinied and insisted 
upon returning. By this faith a 
new world was given to the old. 

"Oh! world, thou chooscst not the better 

It is not wisdom to be only wise. 
And on the inward vision close the eyes; 
But it is wisdom to believe the heart. 
Columbus found a world and had no 

Save one that Faith deciphered in the 

skies ; 
To trust the soul's invincible surmise 
Was all his science and his only art. 
Our knowledge is a torch of smoky pine 
That light the pathway but one step 

Across the void of mystery and dread. 
Bid then the tender light of faith to 

By which alone the mortal heart is led 
Into the thinking of the thought Divine." 

TN the realm of the spiritual, faith 
is preeminently the key that un- 
locks the door to the vast un- 
known. Between the finite and 
the infinite there is limitless space. 
Who can cross this vast unexplored 
domain? The scientist cannot look 
across with his powerful telescope. 
One astronomer tried, and ended 
by saying, "I have swept the heav- 
ens and have no God." The phil- 
osopher with his profound 
thoughts about the ultimate reality 
has not been able by reason to find 
Deity. Herbert Spencer tried. He 
ended his profound and exhaustive 
studies with the sad confession 
"God is unknowable." This is a 
pathetic acknowledgment of the 
futile search for the Maker of all, 
by one who failed to follow his 
own formula for the ascertainment 
of truth. In his "First Principles" 
Spencer says, "We only know 
things through phenomena." 
Translated into simpler terms, this 
great basic rule, governing the ac- 
quisition of knowledge might be 
made to read, we only know things 
by the way they act, or by what 
they manifest. In his quest of the 
knowledge of nature, Spencer fol- 
lowed this simple guide. He went 
direct to nature to see what nature 
manifests or reveals. But he never 
went direct to God to ascertain 
what God reveals to those who seek 

{Continued on page 884) 


Beloved (clinderella 

Mary Imlay 


^TARGRASS, the lovely girl grown 
*^ from the deserted baby the Binneys had 
found and loved as their own, was not 
theirs any more — she was the daughter of 
rich Mr. Blanchard. Pap Binney, broken- 
hearted, felt that something was 
wrong: Mr Binney, weeping, com- 
forted him by telling him that Star 
would be happy there in the big 
house — would have everything a 
girl's heart could desire. 

Up at the big house everything 
seemed strange to Star — cold and 
unfriendly — and Etta, niece of Blan- 
chard was frankly hostile. Even the 
friendship of John Nelson. Blan- 
chard's secretary, could not counter- 
balance the sinister familiarity of James 

Ma Binney, hungry for a sight of Star, 
is caught in the shrubbery by Blanchard 
and Nelson, Blanchard reiterates his deter- 
mination to take Star away. 


H, but I didn't want '^^ 
to come away like this!" 

Star stood in the big hall of 
Blanchard's city house and looked 
aghast at John Nelson. She had 
come downstairs again, still dressed 
as she had come from the hasty 
journey, her big hat shading her 
troubled eyes. 

"I wanted to go to see them, Pap 

and Mrs. Binney, I 


mean, ■ and 
bid them 
goodbye. I 
have done 
it only I 
had no 
idea we'd 
come away 
to stay!" 
she cried 

said John 

■.V^ --i 



ly. "They'll understand. 
They'll know it wasn't your 

"I don't see how they can 
know that!" Star retorted, 
with a flash of indignation. 
"It looks exactly as if — as if 
I'd turned into a snob because 
my father has money! I — 
tell me," she came down a step 
and leaned over the banisters, 
looking at him searchingly, 
"please tell me the truth, no- 
body does now — was I taken 
away on purpose? To keep 
me from seeing them, from 
having them about?" 

John flushed. "Aren't you 
asking a leading question — of 
an innocent party?" he par- 

"That was it, then!" she 
cried with conviction. "I 
know — by your face!" She 
turned away, looking across 
the hall and out of the win- 
dow that commanded a wide 
city avenue. It held her for 
an instant, then she looked 
around at Nelson, her face 
pale again and vividly young. 

"It can't change me," she 
said in a low voice, "nothing 
can — I love them!" 

"I'm glad of that!" he ex- 
claimed warmly. "I should 
hate to think anything could 
change you!" 

Star — whose mind had 
been full of Pap and Ma 

She could not look around at him. again; she 
went to the window and stood staring down into 
the crowded street below with unseeing eyes. 


The Improvement Era for December, 1933 

Binney, of this abrupt breaking 
away from them, as if she had be- 
trayed their love — suddenly became 
aware of the young man who was 
looking at her. 

"You must not change, Star!" 
He laid his hand over hers on the 
banisters. "Promise me, you will 
not!" he whispered, bending to- 
ward her. 

Star lifted her long lashes and 
gave him a shy, questioning look. 
"Why are you so afraid I'll 
change?" she asked softly. 

"Because you're perfect as you 

"Am I?" 

"To me you are!" he replied 
with a smothered groan, his face 
twitching suddenly in the dim light 
of the old hall. 

There was a little silence, then 
she laughed tremulously. 

"Do you remember that fork? 
I'm not so bad now — am I?" 

"So bad? You were always per- 
fect!" he cried, and then suddenly 
he remembered, she was the heiress, 
his employer's daughter; what had 
he to offer to such a girl? He had 
no right ! 

"Star, don't look at me like 
that!" he exclaimed bitterly. "It's 
a mercy, perhaps, that you're going 
to Paris, I — I might say too much 
if you stayed!" 

"To Paris?" she gasped, "What 
do you mean?" 

irlE had been strug- 
gling with himself and, for the 
moment, he had conquered an over- 
whelming impulse to tell her that 
he loved her. But he was white 
and shaken; had he got to stand 
aside and see a fellow — well, a 
fellow like Jim Carr — get her? 
"God knows I couldn't do it!" he 
thought. Then he pulled himself 

"You're on your way to Paris 
now," he answered with white lips. 

"Paris? Oh!" Star's hand 
tightened on his wrist. "I — why, 
I'd have to bid the Binneys good- 
bye then. Surely, Father would 
have let me know in time!" 

He nodded soberly, "Perhaps 
I've been premature in telling you, 
but I know Mr. Blanchard has 
made some such plan — ^Paris for 
a year." 

A sudden lovely flush went up 
over the girl's pale face. 

"Paris! Oh, I'd love to see it, 
but — I'm not going alone?" she 
asked in a frightened way. "Not 

among strangers with ■ — • with 

"And your father, of course." 

"Oh!" She thought a moment, 
then she turned and looked at him, 
something tantalizing and sweet in 
her gray eyes. "Are you going 
too, John Nelson?" 

He was grave, he had himself in 
hand now. "If your father goes, 
probably — yes." 

"But I'd go back to Fishkill 
Point and see Pap first?" she asked, 
watching him. 

He hesitated, "I think not — if 
you go soon." 

She drew a quick breath. "There 
— I said so! They don't want me 
to see the dear old Binneys again — 
I mean my father and Etta — I can 
see it! I shan't go — unless I can 
bid those two goodbye!" she cried. 

Nelson, standing away from the 
stairs now, averted his face. He 
loved her, loved her all the more 
for her faithfulness to the old peo- 
ple who had sheltered her, but he 
must keep his mouth shut. There 
was only one thing to do. 

"Star," he said gently, "if you 
go to Paris you can write them. 
If, after a year in Paris, when you 
realize how rich you are, how beau- 
tiful, how sought, you still re- 
member them — I think they'll have 
great cause to rejoice. It's the acid 
test. Star, I—" he looked gravely 
up into her eyes — "I wonder if 
you'll forget?" 

OHE returned his look 
a moment, then she turned away, 
a slight flush on her face. Half 
way up the stairs she leaned over 
the banisters again and spoke in a 
low voice, a voice that he remem- 
bered always, 

"I never forget those — I love!" 
she said, and fled upward. 

In the upper hall she met her 
father with some papers in his 

"What's wrong, Mary Agnes?" 

"Father, are we going abroad?" 

He looked at her a moment be- 
fore he answered. "Yes, to Paris, 
my child. I've just arranged over 
the 'phone. We'll sail tomorrow 

Star flushed. "Father, I want to 
go back to Fishkill Point now — 
there's time. Can I? I'll be back 
tomorrow; I'm sure I can do it!" 

He looked gravely at her. "Why 
do you want to go?" 

Her lips trembled. "To bid 
them goodbye, Mr. and Mrs. Bin- 

ney, Father, they — they've keen so 
good to me!" 

He laid his hand on her shoulder. 
"That's all right, my dear. Very 
commendable in you, but you can 
'phone goodbye, if you wish. I 
can't let you go down there again 
now — the time's too short. 

OTAR made no effort 
to hide her tears; suddenly they fell 
like rain. "I love them," she said 
brokenly. "Why couldn't I say 

He said nothing for awhile, but 
she felt his hand tighten on her 
shoulder, and when he spoke again 
there was a change in his voice. 

"I can't let you go, my child; 
you care more for those old people 
than you do for your own father! 
Naturally, I suppose, but I can't 
let it go on. They're not the peo- 
ple I want about my daughter. 
You must break with them, Mary 
Agnes; it may as well be now as 
any other time." 

Star drew away from him. Her 
tears dried. She gave him a startled 
look, girlish enough, and yet with 
a penetration in it that he felt with 
an instant of uneasiness. 

"You mean I must give them up 
altogether?" she asked. 

He nodded, patting her shoulder. 
"You're my daughter, you'll have 
considerable wealth and a place in 
the world. I'm sure, when you 
think it over, you'll sec that you 
can't keep on calling old Man Bin- 
ney 'Pap,' for instance. It isn't 

"If they'd left me lying in the 
grass that morning. Father, I 
wouldn't be here now," she said 

"They couldn't. Common hu- 
manity prompted the care they gave 
you then," he retorted dryly. 
"You're over sensitive, my child, 
these people play on it, I haven't 
told you, but the old woman was 
hanging around the place so openly 
that I had to tell her she wasn't 

"Mother Binney? Oh, how 
could you!" Star was shocked; 
she turned hot all over at the 

She could not look around at 
him again; she went to the window 
and stood staring down into the 
crowded street below with unsee- 
ing eyes. After a moment she 
heard him going heavily down 
stairs, this new determining force 
in her life, but she did not look 
around. (To be Continued.) 


Top, left to right: James G. Anderson, the 

author of this article 

A. C Hull, Merrill Christopherson, James 

G. Anderson 

Entrance to the American Camp. 

Chief Scout of the World, Sir Robert 


White Stag 

Assistant Scout Executive Oscar A. Kirkham 

addressing the American Contingent 

Belotv: James G. and Gerald Anderson, twins 

who are both in Europe on a Mission 

At the World 




Scout Executive of the Swiss-German Mission 

TRADITION says that while Hunor and Magyar, fore- 
fathers of the Hun and Hungarian nations, were out 

hunting the white stag with a troop of warriors, they 
were led into the beautiful, fertile land of Hungary. There they 
settled and established a brother nation. On account of this old 
Hungarian legend, the white stag has been the sacred animal of 
Hungary, symbolizing national aspirations, a revelation of divine 
mission. These aspirations were partly realized in 1933, when 
the miraculous stag was adopted as the emblem of the World 
Boy Scout Jamboree. It led the boys of the world to establish 
for two weeks, a world-empire of Scouts in the beautiful Royal 
Palace Garden in Godolo, Hungary. 

Received with open arms and smiling faces, accompanied by 
the strains of the Rakoczi march and Gypsy music, 35,000 Boy 
Scouts representing 56 countries (including the English colonies) , 
and more languages than were at the tower of Babel, pitched their 
tents, and enjoyed the comforts of Hungarian hospitality and lived 
as brothers and not as foreigners, to each other. It touched every 
fibre of one's soul to be hailed by a hearty "Jo Munkat" (Hun- 
garian word meaning "Good work"). 

This was the fourth great milestone marking the way to the 
possibility of establishing or maintaining world peace and world 
brotherhood. This is not a visionary hope, but is becoming valid, 
as was seen in the previous Jamborees in London, Copenhagen, 
and Birkenhead. There one saw the "Body of the brotherhood 
in actual existence merely needing the spirit to make it a living 
force," as carrying out the words of Lord Baden-Powell, the Chief 
Scout of the world and founder of the Boy Scout Movement: 
"The future safety and welfare — , nay the very life of our re- 
spective countries, depends upon their keeping the peace with one 
another in the coming years. If therefore, we mean to serve the 
best interests of our countries and prevent disastrous warfare, our 
aims must necessarily be, to sink any personal prejudices we may 
hold and bring up the next generation as Triends' and not as 
Toreigners' to one another." 

TOURING these two weeks of international encampment, a reg- 
ular program was outlined and carried out each day. The 
first call of the bugles broke the deep slumber and comfort of the 
young campers, and the chopping of wood thundered above the 
echo of many peaceful snores, while the blare of 15 bands filled 
the air with marshal strains, which set each day in tune, but the 
call for breakfast was the most pleasing to the ears of the boys. 
After breakfast came the flag raising ceremony, then inspection 
and general instruction. The afternoon time was taken up by 
the many individual demonstrations (Continued on page 883) 


The Improvement Era for December, 1933 

North Eastman, 
December 15. 
Miss Dorothy Bellair, 
Centrapolis, O., 
Dear Dot: 

1 AM writing this hur- 
riedly to decline your kind invita- 
tion for the holidays, and you must 
know without me telling you how 
much I hate to do it. 

You always have such wonder- 
ful times — -and then with Paul 
practically mine for the asking (he 
was to do that, of course) it's 
rather hard to turn him over to the 
arts and wiles of Sue Ryan for a 
week, and holiday week at that! 
Because for all Paul's so terribly 
attractive I hardly think constancy 
is one of his outstanding virtues, 
do you? You might just as well 
wrap him in holly paper, tie a red 
ribbon on him and present him to 
Sue, with my compliments on 
Christmas morning. For I've got 
a feeling its practically all over but 
the showers now. You know how 
psychic I am. 

And I always did hanker to be 
proposed to under the mistletoe, in 
the soft glow from the yule log, 
while the resinous fragrance of the 
Christmas tree filled the air! Oh, 
well, cough medicine smells piney, 
too, and that's what will probably 
perfume my Christmas Eve. At 
any rate, Donald, Jr., has a de- 
cided tendency to croup! 

And now you will want to 
know what I am doing in North 
Eastman raving about croup in- 
stead of accepting an invitation to 
a perfectly galumptious house party 
to which Paul Rockwell is also 

Well, it's just one of those things 
that happen to me. I never set my 
heart on anything but someone has 
to throw a monkey wrench right 
into the middle of my plans. This 
time it's Donald's parents. 

A very fine old couple, too, but 
terribly lacking in judgment. The 
idea of picking Christmas for a 
wedding day! As if there isn't 
enough going on at Christmas time 
without crowding in a wedding! 
Inconsiderate, I call it. It may 
simply mean that I never have a 
wedding day! For it's Paul or no- 
body with me, you know I'm that 
faithful type — simply a one-man 
woman ! 

And by the way, when you get 
my announcement it'll be dated 
June 1st. I'm not going to spoil 
anybody's Christmas vacation fifty 

There were ten of these relations, see? That is, ten were written down on 
the paper. That didn't count all the waifs and strays rung in by the children 
after Donald and Kate were safely away. 

or a hundred years from now like 
this dear old pair has done with 
their celebration! 

You see, it's their golden wed- 
ding this time and the family are 
gathering in from far and near and 
naturally Donald and Kate want to 
go. And that would be perfectly 
grand if they could only take the 

But what do you suppose? The 
little pests have gone and got them- 
selves exposed to the mumps and 

Kate is afraid to take them — they 
might swell up right at the party 
and expose all the precious little 
cousins ! 

Of course, she said she'd stay at 
home and let Donald go, but the 
aged bride and groom wouldn't 
hear of that ! Said it would simply 
spoil the party if Katie wasn't 
there. It's simply abnormal to 
think as much of an in-law as those 
people do of Kate ! Well, anyway, 
there was a grand family pow-wow 




Polly Parrish writes letters instead of visiting her friend, 
^'^Dear T)ot,^^ but then letters can tell a great deal if one 
reads between the lines a bit. 

and in the end it was decided to 
send for dear little sister Polly and 
throw her to the wolves, as usual. 
Kate could not possibly trust those 
precious youngsters with anyone 
less, except, perhaps a registered 
nurse, and that was out of the 
financial question. 

Of course, they supposed I was 
coming home for the holidays as 
usual, and I only needed to have 
mentioned your house party and 
Kate would have died at her post 
rather than have me miss it — but 
the poor thing never sticks her nose 
out of the door unless on duty 
bound and I could see this golden 
wedding was her idea of one grand 
spree, so I nobly stepped into the 
breach and let her off for a week's 

The one gleam in the gloom is 
that I'm to buy the presents for a 
list of relatives that Kate hasn't 
had time to fix up, and I simply 
love to shop for Christmas things! 
And then fixing the. tree and hang- 
ing up the stockings and everything 
would be fun if it wasn't for think- 
ing about Sue ogling Paul in that 
perfectly disgusting way she has! 
Oh, well, I always was a human 
sacrifice and always expect to be! 
I only hope my heroism will be 
fully appreciated sometime — even 
if it's after I'm gone. 

So goodbye! I'll forgive you 
for inviting Sue, dear! You 
couldn't know I would not be there 
to fight for my rights. 

On with the dance! Let joy be 
unconfined ! Don't waste one holi- 
day thought on poor 


P. S. — Donald asures me that 
the mumps are simply nothing to 
worry about. (Then why all this 

solicitude for the cousins?) And 
Kate says she is certain (almost) 
that she and I had them when I 
was a mere baby. So don't let my 
peril cast too deep a gloom over the 

P. Parrish. 

North Eastman, 
December 20, 
Dear Dot: 

IHE fifth day is now 
drawing to a close without a mump 
on the horizon. I'm beginning to 
think that the whole thing was a 
plot of Donald's and Kate's to cast 
off the shackles of parenthood and 
step out a bit. And out of the 
generosity of my heart I told them 
they might as well make it two 
weeks while they were about it and 
pay a visit to Great-aunt Kather- 
ine, who may mention Kate in her 
will if all goes well. 

Well, I may as well be the goat 
as one of the kids — as the saying 
goes — and the kids aren't so bad at 
that, while we're on the subject. 
Hal, the twelve-year-old, is almost 
human, and the others show gleams 
of human intelligence at times. I 
could actually love the baby if the 
fat little beggar wasn't named Paul, 
and that reminds me of what he's 
doing me out of. 

Did I mention that I was look- 
ing forward with pleasure to that 
shopping spree? Har! Listen, 
dearie, never take on a job of 
Christmas shopping for your rel- 
ative's relatives. Especially during 
a Big National Depression! Dot, 
I'm a changed woman since that 
day! The golden hair has turned 
to silver gray, and I walk with 
faltering step, and slow. 

But here are the ghastly details. 


There were ten of these relations, 
see? That is, ten were written 
down on the paper. That didn't 
count all the waifs and strays rung 
in by the children after Donald and 
Kate were safely away. And Kate 
handed me a new ten dollar bill 
to lavish on them. 

"One dollar a piece is all I can 
spend on them," says she firmly. 
"They're not the important ones," 
says she. "But say," she adds, as 
she hurries away, "I owe the butter 
and egg woman fifty cents, and 
fifteen cents to the boy who brings 
the hot tamales, pay them out of 
that, too!" 

When all was quiet on the west- 
ern front, I sat down to see where 
I stood. A little subtracting (I'm 
pretty good at subtraction) showed 
a balance of nine dollars, 35 cents, 
clear of debt. But when it came to 
stretching this into one dollar apiece 
for ten people, I had to call Hal. 
I never was any good at higher 
mathematics, as you may recall. 

Hal read over the list as a pre- 
liminary to the deep figgering and 
laid it down with every freckle 
glowing with honest indignation. 
"Mother has left out Skinney!" he 
shouted. "She's told me she'd 
count him in, and I haven't got a 
thing for him!" 

So we added Skinney, and on 
second thought, Hal decided he 
positively must give Chump some 
little thing, because Chump had 
given him two dozen marbles last 
year, and though most of them 
were chipped, would expect a return 

Katherine and Maud now horn- 
ed in with urgent requests that 
their girl friends be not forgotten, 
and Donald Jr., who can bay like 
a bloodhound on occasion, almost 
brought the Fire Department with 
his noise before we consented to 
add little Freddie Bird and his Sun- 
day School teacher. Miss Jensen, to 
the list. 

I gave the baby a heart- felt kiss 
— he can't talk plain enough to 
be understood, and his social con- 
tacts are rather limited, besides. 

The worst of it was that while 
the list was growing so rapidly, the 
sinking fund was actually sinking. 
The tamale boy, when he came to 
collect, insisted politely, but firmly, 
that Kate owed him twenty-five 
instead of fifteen cents. As he pre- 
tended not to understand a word 
I said when I tried to argue, just 

(Continued on page 892) 


The Legend of 


a man 
and a 



WITHOUT doubt the most beautiful 
and authentic legend of all Indian 
folklore is that of "The Great 
White God With a Beard," the supreme deity 
of Mexican Indians, Quetzalcoatl, who is the 
same deity known by different names among 
many Indian tribes throughout the continent ^ 
and the islands. 

Quetzalcoatl, according to the legend, vis- 
ited the early inhabitants of Mexico and Cen- 
tral America. He appeared out of the East 
and was known as the god of the air and rain, 
that which made life to all possible. Quetzal- 
coatl means "Serpent decked with feathers" 
and this symbol of him is everywhere in evi- 
dence in Indian shrines, both ancient and 
modern. The legend relates that he was a 
high priest of Tollan, and that he was 
with a white skin, a high stature, a 
forehead, large eyes, long black hair, 
bushy beard. For propriety's sake he always 
wore ample garments. A time came in his 
life when he was crucified and died for his 
people, his flesh was broken by arrows and 
spears — but he lived again! He was a god! 

As stated, Quetzalcoatl came out of the 
East, and, although a deity, he dwelt among 
the common people and taught them the 
things they should know. He taught them 
virtue, penitence and fasting, and discouraged 
animal and human sacrifice; he showed them 
how to become skilled artisans, teaching them 
such things as metallurgy and agriculture. He 
gave freely of wisdom, and to those who had 
faith he granted immunity from distress and 
cured their ills and afflictions. When he 
wished to promulgate a law, he sent a hero 
whose voice could be heard a hundred leagues 
away, to proclaim it from the summit of 
Tzatzitepetl ("mountain of clamors") . Even 
their calendar, that causes modern science to 
marvel, was attributed to him. 

TN Quetzalcoatl's time, according to the 
legend, maize attained such enormous di- 
mensions that a single ear was all a man could 
carry. Gourds and melons measured not less 
than four feet, and it was no longer necessary 

Quetzalcoatl. as 
depicted by the 
Mexican govern- 

The Improvement Era for December, 1933 


to dye cotton, because all colors 
were produced by nature. Indian 
corn, singing birds and birds of 
brilliant plumage abounded. All 
men were then rich. In a word, 
the general belief of all tribes is 
that the time of Quetzalcoatl's ap- 
pearance was the Golden Age of 
their country. And while the 
country was at the height of its 
prosperity, he disappeared by way 
of the ocean, saying that it was the 
will of higher gods that he should 
betake himself to another kingdom. 
However, he charged his followers 
to tell the people that he would 
return some day with white men, 
bearded like himself, and rule the 
people in wisdom forever. 

Through the ages they waited 
patiently and watched carefully for 
his coming while priests and sooth- 
sayers prophesied the event. Finally 
the prophecy was thought to be 
fulfilled when the Europeans first 
touched the shores of America and 
the Islands. The Indians of San 
Salvador saw the return of this 
Great White God With a Beard in 
the coming of Columbus, the Mex- 
icans saw him in Cortez, the 
Hawaiians saw him in Cook, those 
of the Mississippi saw him in De 
Soto, while the Incas saw him in 
Pizarro^ — and all were sadly, grie- 
vously disappointed, as history 
clearly reveals. 

It is interesting to note how 
memory of Quetzalcoatl has been 
kept alive, even to this day. Every- 
where beautiful temples were erect- 
ed to this God, where, on periodic 
occasions, they would gather and 
have a great feast in his honor. On 
the steps of the temple they would 
perform a colorful pageant depict- 
ing deaf, lame, blind and par- 
alyzed people. These were prayed 
for before his image, whereupon 
they would enact a miracle. The 
dumb at once began to speak, the 
lame performed acrobatic feats, and 
the blind opened their eyes. Even 
effigies of him were crucified anew. 

'"pHERE was also a special re- 
ligious order in which the in- 
dividual who entered was dedicated 
to this God. In early infancy they 
were consecrated to Quetzalcoatl 
by being presented to the superior 
priest and receiving an incision in 
the breast. At the age of seven 
they entered a seminary, where, 
after first listening to a long moral 
discourse, they were exhorted to 
conduct themselves carefully, and 

THE author, Norman C. Pierce 
of Springville, Utah, has at- 
tended the National University at 
Mexico City, visited ruined cities in 
that locality, and has been a gradu- 
ate student of foreign languages at 
Stanford and U. S. C. 

Quetzalcoatl in the 

A FEATHERED Serpent idea: 
■^ " ... he ye therefore wise as 
serpents, and harmless as doves." 
(Matt. X:16.) 

High priest of Tollan: "... the 
Apostle and High Priest of our pro- 
fession, Christ Jesus." (Heb. 111:1.) 

A voice heard over a hundred 
leagues away from Tzatzitepetl (the 
mountain of clamors: "... they 
heard a voice as if it came out of 
heaven — -it was not a harsh voice, 
neither was it a loud voice ..." 
(3 Nephi 11:3.) 

Golden Age: "... And they had 
all things in common among them; 
therefore there were not rich and 
poor . . . And the Lord did prosper 
them exceedingly in the land." (4 
Nephi 1:3-7.) 

He healed: "... Bring them 
hither and I will heal them." (3 
Nephi 17:7.) 

He left saying that it was the will 
of higher gods that he should be- 
take himself to another kingdom: 
"... jBuf now I go unto the Father, 
and also to show myself unto the 
lost tribes of Israel." (3 Nephi 

He would return at a later day 
at the head of white bearded men 
like himself to dwell with them 
forever: " . . . I shall come in my 
glory with the powers of heaven." 
"(3 Nephi 28:7.) 

to pray for the people and the na- 

Even today there are so many 
Mexicans who still believe in 
Quetzalcoatl, that he will even yet 
return and fulfil his promises, that 
the Mexican government declared 
that Quetzalcoatl must supplant 
the Americanized Santa Claus as 
the Spirit of Christmas. And so, 
he it is, instead of Santa, who 
brings gifts to Mexican children, 
and reminds them that their fore- 
fathers had a white God whom 
they called Quetzalcoatl. 

These legendary facts I gather 
from standard encyclopedia and 
the elaborate work of the eminent 
French archaeologist, Lucien Biart, 
in his book entitled "The Aztecs." 
Mr. Biart clinches his story by say- 
ing: "It is an incontestable fact 
that Quetzalcoatl created a new 
religion, based on fasting, peni- 
tence, and virtue; and certainly, he 
belonged to a race other than the 
one he civilized." The actual ex- 
istence of this crucified God is 
further strengthened by the many 
stone crosses that have been found 
throughout Mexico and Peru. In 
fact the presence of the cifoss, in the 
proportions of the Christian sym- 
bol, on so many Mexican monu- 
ments led early Catholic mission- 
aries to believe that Christianity 
had already been preached to the 
Indians, and St. Thomas was 
given the credit of having discov- 
ered America before Columbus. 

A large stone cross was first 
noted at Vera Cruz (True Cross) 
where the Spaniards first settled, 
and from which they found im- 
mediate inspiration for a name, 
calling it "La Ciudad de la Vera 
Cruz (The City of the true cross) . 
Many more crosses were found 
throughout the land that gave 
strength to the St. Thomas belief 
until leading Catholic priests took 
it upon themselves to discourage 
the idea and to destroy all available 
evidence in support thereof. 

Yet the beautiful legend of 
Quetzalcoatl still lives on, and the 
world at large is still in darkness 
regarding its true significance! 

«►— — •ff^g^^w— 

TF we traverse the world, it is pos- 
sible to find cities without walls, 
without letters, without kings, 
without wealth, without coin, 
without schools and theatres; but a 
city without a temple, or that prac- 
tiseth not worship, prayer, and the 
like, no one ever saw." — Plutarch. 


Divine Drama 

By Bess Foster Smith 

/SHOULD have liked to see the heavenly 
Across the sky — foretold by those who 

knew — 
A shining forth upon that certain night 
That had been set for Christendom's grand 

I should have liked to gaze with shepherd. 

Upon that Heavenly Drama there and find 
A Star that made a spotlight for a stage — 
An Angel Chorus singing for mankind! 

But now I long to see the second act 

Of this great drama that is yet to come — 

When Peace on Earth becomes a living 

fact — 
We'll view the climax of all Christendom. 

Hill Crest Tree 

By Edith Cherrington 

T TILL tree lift your branches high, 
•*■ -*- Spread them wide, spread them far! 
Your topmost bough supports the sky, 

Your leaves protect a timid star. 
When the silver wind rides fast 

Toss your branches like the sea. 
When the lightning flashes past 

Join its cry of ecstasy. 
Friend of storm and wind and sun. 

For an hour you stand dismayed. 
Arc you grieving for the one 

From whose trunk a cross was made? 

How Marvelous is Death 

By Ruth May Fox 

(/n loving Remembrance of two Beloved 

Brethren Apostle James E. Talmage and 

President Brigham H. Roberts) 

TTOW marvelous is Death! 
-* -^ With what majesty he crowns the 

brow of the righteous 
As if in preparation for the presence of the 

Such was the meditations of my heart 
As sorrowing I gazed on the face of one of 

God's beloved. 
Of whom 'twas whispered : 
He is dead! 


That was yesterday 

And now another stalwart has been called 

Both mighty with pen and speech 

Defenders of the faith, 

Champions of the truth 

Valiant in the Cause of Christ ! 

They were needed "Over there," 'tis said. 
Alas! They were needed here; 
But as always when the summons came 
They hastened to obey. 

Serenely, silently each passed through the 

narrow portal 
Into a paradise of glory. 
Such glory as "eye hath not seen 
Nor ear heard 
Nor entered into the heart of man." 

On Christmas Eve 

By Ella Waterbury Gardner . 


^ That calm moon plainly tells you so. 

Peace — 

While silver shadows come and go. 

Peace — 

That cold air blows it to and fro. 

Peace — 

On all the earth; good will to man. 

Peace — - 

Those chiming bells repeat the plan. 

Peace — 

Those joyous Christmas carols ran. 


By Grace P. Newton 

T~^AY of worship, love and praise, 
-*-^ Merrymaking day of days; 
Day of giving, love and mirth. 
Bringing near the ties of earth. 
Good will, fellowship and cheer — • 
May it last throughout the year. 
We would have its gladness stay — 
Joyous, festive Christmas day. 


By Alberta H. Christensen 

O you are gone, they say who saw you 
Beyond the reach of hands that begged you 

Silent as flowers heaped in mournful mass, 
Forever lost — your voice to me — they say. 
But oh, my love, perhaps they do not know 
The door of our communion had been 

Too wide for death to close; that as I go 
The daily path, my heart will pause among 
The things you loved — a flower of your 

A picture * * poem * * that magnolia tree. 
Because so mute the music of your voice 
Do they suppose you cannot speak to me? 
When souls commune, they are not lan- 
They need no words, — no nuances of 



The Healing 

By Theodore P. Kleven 

/LIVED two thousand years of sighs — 
Yet no one heard my silent cries, 
No one cared or seemed to see 
That things were not as they should be. 
Then God looked down with smile serene 
And taught me what a prayer could mean. 


By Linnie Fisher Robinson 

/LIVE by the grace of God — -low winds 
Past ripened fields and vineyards swaying 

I live by the grace of God— orchards bend. 
Wrapped in a purple haze, their wealth 
to lend. 

Blue capped, the mountains wear a dress 

of gold 
Banded in brown and red with fold on 

Beneath an amber shade, mellow and new, 
The sun looks down upon day's deeper 


And in the grace of God, one by one, 
Leaves fall marking the hours, travail is 

Oh gently take and give Him thanks for all 
Who labors to prepare another fall! 

Drifting Things 

By Mrs. LaRene King Bleecker 

nPHERE'S a melancholy lure attached to 
-*- drifting things: 
Frowning shadows formed by scudding 

Swirling autumn leaves 
Piled in oval mounds, like old graves; 
Chaste snowdrifts with treacherous 

Chunks of sodden driftwood, cast upon 

the shore; 
Broken spars; masts; oars and staves, that 

were once parts of majestic ships. 

There's a sadness about drifting things * * 

They call our wandering boys Drifters. 

Unthinking people look out and say; 

"There they go — those lazy tramps." 

Our sunburned, homeless, jobless boys! 

Our red-blooded, ragged, American boys! 

Calling them tramps! 

Little recking that but for luck, 

They too would know futility. 

We must not let them drift too long * * 
Souls can wither and shrivel and crack; 
Souls can bleach and crumble 
And become human driftwood. * * ♦ 
Spars, sails, clouds, leaves, and snow- 
drifts — 
These are but passing things that often 

grip the heart. 
It is only when boys go drifting by, that 

indifferent eyes follow them — 


Gifts for Christmas — and Every Day 

HTHERE is frostiness in the air, and excitement 
in faces on the street; in shop windows the 
annual crop of red and green and silver blos- 
soms forth; on corners Santa Claus repeats him- 
self and his chimney for pennies; in the hearts 
of men and women and children light and life 
and joy spring anew. For it is Christmas time — 
the time of gifts. 

The post war years in America reached a new 
high in gift-giving. Such amazing mechanical 
toys for the boys! Such life-like, curly haired 
dolls for the girls! For older girls and boys who 
shed all pretense of adulthood at Yule-tide, gifts 
were lavish, and luxurious and lovely! 

And then came 1929, and a Christmas tinged 
with foreboding and fear; gifts were not so 
numerous nor so elaborate; and that Christmas 
has been followed by three others, each less 
luxurious than the preceding one; and a fourth 
is dawning. 

What are the gifts we arc giving this year? 
What are the gifts we can give? 

The experiences of the past few years, whether 
really or vicariously bitter and disillusioning, 
have taught lessons which are reflecting them- 
selves in every home and heart in which the 
warmth of human sympathy has endured in the 
face of trials. No longer do we turn to compli- 
cated toys for the great thrill of the Christmas- 
time; no longer do flaxen-curled dolls typify the 
realization of our dreams for our daughters and 
sisters; no longer can an etching or a bit of 
jewelry or an ivory trinket express to those near 
to us what we are feeling for them and hoping 
for them. Gifts have lost their tangibleness and 
have taken on the eternal qualities of intangi- 
bility. "What we never have, remains; It is 
the things we have that go," sang lyrical Sara 
Teasdale; and by "the things we have," possibly 
she meant the things we can take in our hands — 
the things which can be seen and touched and 
tasted. The flowers and candy and silver and 
crystal of other Christmases are wilted or eaten 
or tarnished or broken, perhaps; but the in- 
tangible qualities remain with us — the sweet 
thought, the loving word, the thoughtful ness of 

Once through the mail, on Christmas Day, 
came a stick of gum to a woman ; a message her 
family regarded as most peculiar. But to the 
woman it brought back memories of a boy of 
long ago who used to slip gum to her in a class 
at high school 
when the lecture 
became intolerably 
long and tedious. 
The gum was not 
gum to her — it 
was a symbol of 
the remembrance of 

long ago which two people carried through the 
years — and the day was made brighter by that 
moment from other days. 

This is a year when gifts of the spirit will 
take precedence over gifts material; when 
thoughts shall be greater than things; when 
values will be considered carefully and unreal 
things give place to real ones. "The more we 
give to others, the more we are increased," said 
a Chinese sage, and because of his sagacity, his 
utterance lives. Sympathy, understanding, en- 
couragement, humor — these things, given away, 
become more firmly woven into the character of 
the giver. To a mother, tired and overworked, 
give, instead of a kitchen apron or a payment on 
the washing machine, a promise (kept through 
the year) to get dinner twice a week, or do the 
washing for her, and the spirit of Christmas will 
not dim with the passing of December. Give to 
a dad, gray, but youthful at heart, an hour of 
your time each day, to listen to his stories and 
philosophy, and your gifts will not fade with 
the candles on the Christmas tree. A little dis- 
couraged sister might welcome weekly help with 
her algebra as much as she would a sewing set; 
Buddy might be longing with all his heart for a 
chance to go skiing with his big brother's crowd. 
And these gifts of help and companionship and 
understanding are so easy to give and so rich in 
their returns. Of them, and all like them, it can 
be said, and truly, that it is equally blessed to 
give and to receive! 

Emerson told the story in his simple, forceful 
way when he said that it is cold and lifeless to 
go into a shop to buy something which does not 
represent the life and talent of the giver. "The 
only gift is a portion of thyself. * * * There- 
fore the poet brings his poem; the shepherd, his 
lamb; the farmer, corn; the miner, a gem; the 
sailor, coral and shells; the painter, his picture 
* * *." Those who have neither poem nor 
lamb nor corn nor picture still can give a gift 
which is "a portion of thyself." In making a 
Christmas list this December, discard the tradi- 
tion of other years which has required mufflers 
and slippers and handkerchiefs, and go deeply 
into your own understanding of those to whom 
you want to give to find out what they need 
most, and you can give best. Give cheer to one 
who needs cheer more than handkerchiefs; give 
companionship, which is warmer than a scarf; 
give sympathy which does not wear thin like a 

glove; and the 
Christmas of this 
year will put new 
meaning into life 
and new glory into 
the meaning of 

—E. T. B. 


Charles Laughton in "The Private Life 
of Henry VIII" 

WE watch with a certain tenseness 
the actual box-office receipts," 
writes Alice Ames Winter, former pres- 
ident of the National Council of 
Women, to Friends of the Better Pic- 
ture Movement. "It is evident that 
the kinds of picture the public patron- 
izes are the kinds of picture that will 
continue to be made. So please cheer 
yourself by this report — it was com- 
piled by an expert, reported at a church 
conclave and commented on in the 
press. Of twenty-six 'oversexed' pic- 
tures made this last year only two. 
Hold Your Man and She Bone Him 
Wrong, were outstanding financial suc- 
cesses. One picture * * was good; 
one was not quite good. Nine were 
fair * * thirteen were poor. * * By 
this no one can claim that the sexy type 
is the chief joy of the public. 

"On the other hand, word comes in 
of the immense vogue of gay clean fun 
in Three Little Pigs, and of beauty and 
music and background in Be Mine To- 
night,. * * Enthusiastic praise hails 
Berkeley Square's first appearance, as 
•delicate and beautiful a performance 
as has ever found its way to the 

Telling of pictures now on their 
way, Mrs. Winter says: "We seem 
due for a wave of historical pictures 

tW/'HAT sort of motion picture 

advertising appeals to you? 
Do you go to see a certain picture 
because the bill board signs in- 
trigue your interests? Do the 
trade-ads in the newspapers con- 
vince you that a certain picture 
should go on your "Must be 
seen" list? Do you read the 
comments and criticisms which 
accompany the boxed trade-ad? 
Do they impress you; do they 
persuade? What does? The 
Era will pay $1 each for the five 
best replies to the above ques- 
tions. Think for awhile, then 
watch yourself for a few days 
and write and tell us what type of 
advertising impels you to pass 
your money through the box of- 
fice window. Send your state- 
ment in by December 12th, 1933, 
addressed to "Lights and Sha- 
dows on the Screen," 50 JSorth 
Main St., Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Dorothea Weick. The beautiful, his- 
toric play of the love of a nun for a 
baby who grows to womanhood in the 
shelter of the convent is produced with 
exquisite settings, fine delicacy and 
lovely contrast of moods and scenes. 

S. O. S. Iceberg (Universal) : Rod 
Larocque. Very wonderful photog- 
raphy of the North, with beauty un- 
believable, coupled with a rather too 
melodramatic story. 

Golden Harvest (Paramount) : 

Richard Arlen. Homely, human dra- 
matic and timely story of the wheat 
grower and the wheat pit, it has a cer- 
tain sincerity which gives it real value. 

Hell and High Water (Para- 
mount: Impressive scenes of the fleet 
in San Pedro harbor add interest to a 
rather unimpressive story of "Captain 
Jericho," well played by Richard 
Arlen. There is nice romance, a dar- 
ling baby and some fair comedy. 

Red Head (French Production) : 

Story of misunderstood boy, filmed 

with a remarkable atmosphere of truth 

and naturalness. French background 

(Continued on page 891) 

(perhaps even Little Women with its 
portrayal of another age may come 
under this classification.) Scarlet 
Pageant is to be the story of Catherine 
the Great of Russia, with Marlene 
Dietrich; Queen Christina of Sweden 
is to be played by Garbo; Marie An- 
toinette by Norma Shearer; Tudor 
Wench (the young Elizabeth) by 
Katherine Hepburn; Napoleon by Ed- 
ward G. Robinson. * * Already we 
have seen the extraordinary Henry VHI 
in which Laughton carries the whole 
drama, a sumptuous picture that has 
the advantage of its English back- 
ground, and follows with true Tudor 
arrogance and a bit of Tudor coarse- 
ness the life of that much-married 

For Family 

Cradle Song (Paramount) : 

The Way to Love 



L. D. S. Church Music at the Nation's Capitol 


TIE dedication of the beautiful 
Latter-day Saint Chapel in 
Washington, D. C, was an 
event of universal int»erest to Latter-day 
Saints, and some features of it of special 
interest to our choristers and organists. 
First, because next to the great Salt 
Lake Tabernacle organ there was in- 
stalled in the Washington chapel the 
finest instrument in the Church. Sec- 
ond, because Elder Edward P. Kimball, 
senior organist of the Tabernacle, sec- 
ond assistant to Apostle Melvin J. 
Ballard in the Church Music Commit- 
tee, and member of the Sunday School 
Music Committee, has been appointed 
to give recitals in the Nation's Capitol 
and conduct a bureau of information at 
the chapel, which now becomes Church 
headquarters of the Washington 
Branch, presided over by Elder E. B. 
Brossard, who is a member of the 
United States Tariff Commission. 

The report of the dedicatory services 
has already been published in the daily 
press. In answer to a telegram asking 
Brother Kimball for a photograph and 
description of the organ, he furnished 
the following interesting items under 
date of November 7, 1933: 

"Our dedication was a most auspi- 
cious occasion. The visit of the Gen- 
eral Authorities gave an inspiration that 
will have far-reaching consequences. 

"The building was equipped with a 
public address system so that many 
hundreds were able to hear the services 
in other parts of the building than the 
main floor. 

"Margaret Tout Browning came 
down from New York at her own 
expense and sang at two of the services, 
and incidentally, she is in glorious 
voice. Her numbers raised the service 
to splendid level. 

"I had a choir of 64. We have 
worked about one month or since the 
organ was completed and was very 
proud of their work, which received 
high praise from members and non- 
members. Of course, you understand 
this branch is most unusual in its talent. 
Most of these singers have had choir 
and glee club experience at home and 
are of a high de^ee of intelligence and 
training which makes my work simple 
and predicts well for the future music 

"I began my daily organ recitals last 
Monday evening at 7 o'clock. This 
hour was deemed most propitious and 
the attendance is very gratifying not- 
withstanding the fact that the recitals 

Edward P. Kimball, organist, neiv 
L. D,. S. Washington Chapel 

have not been very well advertised. 
We shall begin Sunday School in the 
new building entirely in accord with 
the plan of the General Board. 

A Chancel of Washington Chapel 
showing grill in ceiling where organ 
pipes are located. 

"In the chapel interior view you can 
see the grill over the stand where the 
organ comes into the building. The 
organ is very effective and entirely 
adequate for our needs. It has all the 
variety of color needed in recital, and 
has lovely full solid church quality. It 
has been specially voiced for the build- 
ing by Mr. Ferdinand Rassman of the 
Austin Company, and he has done a 
fine job. Herbert Brown, sales manager 
of the company, was present Sunday 
and Monday and is delighted with the 
instrument. In the photo you can tell 
the console by the music rack on top 
of it. I face the congregation and am 
consequently hidden from view. I 
direct the choir from the bench is I 
used to do in the theater and it works 
out very well. I do most of my direct- 
ing in rehearsal. I am thrilled with 
the outlook, but it is going to be con- 
stant missionary work, and no vacation 
or pleasure trip. 

"On the Saturday before the dedica- 
tion Senator King arranged for Presi- 
dent Grant's party to be presented to 
President Roosevelt. At 12:45 they 
were received in the round study of 
the President in the second floor of the 
White House and he was most genial 
and kind as usual, and promised to 
come up and visit the chapel. In the 
party were President and Sister Grant, 
President and Sister Ivins, President 
and Sister Clark, Brother Rudger Claw- 
son, Brother and Sister Reed Smoot, 
Brother Stephen L. Richards, Governor 
Henry H. Blood, Mrs. Willard Mar- 
riott, E. B. Brossard and myself, and of 
course. Senator William H. King. It 
was quite thrilling to realize that at 
this pressing time the Chief Executive 
could and would take time to greet our 

Sunday Night Broadcasts 

' I *HE Sunday night radio programs 
"*■ given by the Church over KSL, 
which were interrupted for the broad- 
casting of President Roosevelt's N. R. 
A. talks, will be resumed early in De- 
cember. Dramatized versions of the 
incidents surrounding the writing of 
Latter-day Saint hymns will be pre- 
sented. Three episodes are now ready, 
dealing* with the following hymns: 
"Come, Come, Ye Saints," "O Say 
What is Truth," "O Ye Mountains 
High," and "Blow Gently, Ye Wild 

urch Qentury 

"The First Vision'' 

{lUn'innatcd Stained Glms) 





Priesthood Knowledge Eternal 



'At Winter Quarter o" 

'The Pioneer Train on the March' 

The Display of the Church at Chicago which has attracted thousands Was ma 
D. Pypev, was chairman of the Exhibit Committee under Bishop Smith. He had ai 
ham, for the Y. M. M. I. A. and Clarissa Beesley, for the Y. L. M. I. A.; May Ani 
George S. Romney, president of the Northern States Mission, who had the m, 

The bas-reliefs shown here were by Avard Fairbanks, professor of art at thi 
professor of art at the University of Oregon; and the murals were by J. B. Fairbai 

PPROXIMATELY seventy sand of these in successive groups, crowd- 
thousand people passing ing the 16x32 foot booth containing 
through the gates daily and the artistic display of the Church of Jesus 
giving the exhibits at the Century Christ of Latter-day Saints in the Hall of Re- 
of Progress Exposition at Chicago ligions to hear the Mormon missionaries tell 
a "once over!" Three to five thou- the story of the "The Restoration!" One 

hundred and ninety-five days of constant re- 
cital of the accomplishments of the Church 
during the last Century! Twenty-three hun- 
dred forty pulsating hours of human con-j; 
tacts! One hundred and forty thousand 
precious minutes of continuous revealment! 
Hundreds of thousands of tracts and pam- 
phlets distributed to truth seekers! 

This is the story of the Church display in 
Chicago as the brilliant lights, started by the 
torch of the great star Arcturas, went out on 
the 1 2th of November. 

The success of the Church exhibit as an 


of Progress Display 

^ " * ^ 

"In Holy Temples" 

(Illuminated Stained Glass} 




Home Love 





de by a committee of which Bishop David A. Smith was general chairman. George 
; members of the committee Marcia K. Howells, of the Relief Society; Oscar A. Kirk- 
derson, for the Primary. The conduct of the booth was under the direction of 
issionaries of his mission serve as guides and lecturers. 

3 University of Michigan; the stained glass pictures were by J, Leo Fairbanks, 
iks, of Salt Lake City, the father of the two other artists named here. 

adventure in visual education is best ex- 
pressed in the language of Elder David O. 
McKay, who recently visited the Fair: 

"Tlie miniature replica of the Salt Lake 
Tabernacle and Organ seemed to be the mag- 
net that first attracted the crowds. It was an 
excellent example of the effectiveness of visual 
education. As heads peered around heads 
, and over shoulders to look at that model, 
' almost invariably someone in the group 
' would begin to tell of his visit to the re- 
nnowned edifice. 

• "With the attention of the observers thus 
centered the missionaries found willing lis- 
teners to the story of the Pioneers and to the 
explanation of principles and ideals of the 
Church as depicted in artistic paintings and 
bas-reliefs on the walls of the booth. 

"The Elders in charge are to be commended 

for the gentlemanly and pleasing 
exposition of the Doctrines of the 
Church. And great credit is also due 
those who conceived this Church 
Exhibit and the artists who carried 
it out so admirably and effectively." 

1 IT* 

"The Handcart Company" 

f .*- 


"Entrance Into Salt Lake Valley^ 



Avoid Needless Speculations 

A Member of the Council of the Twelve 

(This letter was written to a mem- 
ber who asked questions which grew 
out of a Gospel Doctrine class discus- 
sion regarding the Holy Ghost. The 
question was: Is the Holy Ghost the 
Holy Spirit of God also, or is he God's 
Son, a brother of Jesus, the Savior. 
Elder Smith's reply is used by permis- 

A T times in classes in the Priesthood 
■^^ quorums, Sunday Schools, Mu- 
tual Improvement Associations and 
other gatherings, the members engage 
in needless speculation. The Prophet 
Joseph Smith on one occasion gave the 
following instruction in relation to 
what the Elders of the Church should 

"Oh, ye elders of Israel, hearken to 
my voice; and when you are sent into 
the world to preach, tell those things 
you are sent to tell; preach and cry 
aloud, 'Repent ye, for the kingdom of 
heaven is at hand; repent and believe 
the Gospel.' Declare the first prin- 
ciples, and let mysteries alone, lest ye 
be overthrown. Never meddle with 
the visions of beasts and subjects you 
do not understand." {Documentary 
History of the Church, Vol. 5:339.) 

This advice is just as good for those 
who are in Priesthood classes discussing 

the principles of the Gospel. There are 
many things the Lord has not revealed, 
and we should speculate upon or at- 
tempt to explain only what he has re- 
vealed in relation to these sacred things. 

In regard to the Holy Ghost, we 
have been informed by revelation that 
he is a personage of Spirit and a mem- 
ber of the Godhead. (Doc. and Gov. 
130:22-23.) He is the Comforter 
spoken of by our Savior who was to 
be sent to his disciples after he should 
be taken from them. His mission is 
to teach us in all truth; he partakes of 
the things of the Father and the Son 
and reveals them to those who serve the 
Lord in faithfulness. (See John, chap- 
ters 14, 15, 16.) It was through the 
teachings^of the Comforter, or Holy 
Ghost, that the teachings of Jesus 
Christ were recalled by the Apostles 
(John 14:26). It is through the 
teachings of the Holy §j>irit that pro- 
phecy comes. (2 Peter 1:210.) 

The promise was made in the days 
of the primitive church of Jesus Christ 
that all who would repent, be baptized 
for the remission of sins and would 
be faithful, should receive the gift of 
the Holy Ghost by the laying on of 
hands. That same promise has been 
made to all who will accept the Gospel 
in this dispensation, for the Lord says: 

"And whoso having faith you shall 
confirm in my church, by the laying on 
of hands, and I will bestow the gift 
of the Holy Ghost upon them. (Doc. 
and Gov. 33:15.) 

It is the duty of the Elders in the 
Church "to confirm those who arc 
baptized into the Church, by the 
laying on of hands for the baptism 
of fire and the Holy Ghost, according 
to the scriptures." (Doc. and Gov. 

The Holy Ghost is not a personage 
with a body of flesh and bones, and 
in this respect differs from the Father 
and the Son. The Holy Ghost is not 
a woman, as some have declared, there- 
fore not the mother of Jesus Christ. 

It is a waste of time to speculate in 
relation to his jurisdiction. We know 
what has been revealed and that the 
Holy Ghost, sometimes spoken of as 
the Holy Spirit, and Comforter, is the 
third member of the Godhead, and in 
perfect harmony with the Father and 
the Son reveals to man by the spirit of 
revelation and prophecy the truths of 
the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Our great 
duty is to so live that we may be led 
constantly by this Comforter in light 
and truth so that we may not be de- 
ceived by the many false spirits that are 
in t^e world. 

Weekly Thoughts on Tithing 


Week of December 3 : 

Tithing is an expression of Divinity 
through mortality to consummate di- 
vine purposes. 

Week of December 10: 

The paying of tithing is a fulfillment 
of one of the fundamental laws of God 
through which man becomes entitled 
to have his name written in the Book 
of the Law of God, a requisite to the 
eternal well-being of any individual. 
(See Sec. 85, Doc. and Gov.) 

Week of December 1 7 : 

Experience reveals that "it is more 
blessed to give than to receive," and, 
that, therefore, by paying tithing the 
individual makes an investment that 
pays large return dividends both in 
spiritual and temporal blessings. 

Week of December 24: 

Since life is rich and beautiful in 
proportion to the blessings and graces 
that the individual aspires to and re- 
ceives, and, since these arc reached and 

realized in proportion to the degree 
that one cheerfully gives, the paying 
of tithing is an indispensable privilege. 

Week of December 3 1 : 

In order to finally live the life of 
complete adjustment to the higher law 
of consecration, a law that is eventually 
to be fully obeyed and lived by all 
Saints, it is naturally imperative that 
an individual first learns to live the 
lesser law of tithing. 

231st Quorum of Seventy, Grant Stake 

A T the special confcrcHce of the Sev- 
'^^ enties held Saturday afternoon, 
October 7th, at Barratt Hall, following 
the aftern®on session of the General 
Conference of the Church. Special 

musical numbers were rendered by the 
231st Quorum of Seventy whose pic- 
ture appears on p. 867. This Quorum 
was organized May 15, 1933, from 
members of the Jefferson Ward, of the 

Grant Stake of Zion, by Pres. J. Golden 
Kimball. The members of the Council 
are: Fred Trost, Arand Lugt, Ernest 
Jorgensen, Hyrum Pohlman, John 
Brunner, Ariel Funk and James Graves. 


^iJiaronic priesthood 


"T X TE arc happy to employ the op- 
^ ^ portunity afforded us by The 
Improvement Era to send the Season's 
Greetings to all of the ward bishoprics 
and branch presidencies, and to all of 
the Aaronic Priesthood throughout the 

We would recall to the bishoprics 
that you carry largely the responsibility 
for the temporal and spiritual progress 
of the Church members within your 
wards. You give freely of your time 
for their benefits. In considerable meas- 
ure you bear the troubles of those in 
difficulty, and receive the confidences of 
those who need personal counsel. Your 
service brings its blessings to you. 

You have the great privilege and op- 

portunity of directing the training and 
activity of the young men who bear 
the Aaronic Priesthood. Upon that 
preparation and the spirit which you 
impart, and the insight you give them 
of that great calling, will depend largely 
their future faith and leadership 
throughout the Church. Likewise, the 
personal and enthusiastic attention 
given to all members of this Priest- 
hood by your able associates in super- 
vising this work will produce in the 
lives of these young men the determina- 
tion to magnify their callings and gain 
the real spirit thereof. If they grasp 
the vision of this work they will be- 
come the future leaders throughout the 

We congratulate the great army of 
young men who have received this 
sacred calling. Your willingness to 
gain the training and perform the duties 
of the Priesthood bespeaks your future 
growth in power for good and the 
testimony of the truth. 

In this Christmas season we desire 
for every one of you the spirit of joy, 
peace, progress, and service and the 
sweet influence of the Holy Spirit for 
your guidance. 

Sylvester Q. Cannon, 
David A. Smith, 
John Wells, 

Presiding Bishopric. 

The Foundation of Our Faith 


1 . The first article of our 
opens with a basic declaration: 


believe in God the Eternal Father." 
This is the foundation of our faith, 
this acceptance of God as our Eternal 
Father in whose image and likeness we 
are made. This realization of His 
fatherhood brings Him close to us; He 
is near to guide and bless us, provided 
we seek Him. 

2. To know God is to love Him. 
But it is impossible for a sinful man 
to know Him; that sure knowledge 
comes through the witness of the Holy 
Ghost. A sinful nation moreover can- 
not receive the strength of His divine 
favor. Proverbs 14:34 truly says: 

was the channel 
Joseph Smith. 

"Righteousness exalteth a nation; but 
sin is a reproach to any people." 

3. The Apostle Paul declares that 
Life Eternal is to know God and Jesus 
Christ His Son. One sure way of un- 
derstanding God is in prayer. That 

used by the Prophet 
And Joseph found 
Him. We all pray, of course, that is, 
we say our prayers. But do we really 
pray, pray with faith — nothing waver- 
ing? And do we wait for God to 
answer? Too often we just half pray 
— ^we make our petitions to God and 
then, as Dr. Frank Buchman has put 
it, "we hang up the receiver!" We 
don't give God a chance to answer. 

4. There is much confusion today 

231st Quorum of Seventy, Jefferson Ward 

as to the nature and attributes of God. 
Many believe in a great, directing in- 
telligence yet refuse to believe in a 
personal, living God such as is taught 
in the Scriptures and accepted by the 
Latter-day Saints. Yet, we ask, how 
can intelligence function except as it 
finds expression through an organized, 
living being? If we examine a cleverly 
contrived machine we see in it the in- 
telligence and skill of the man who 
made it. But our search does not 
reveal the man. Yet not for one mo- 
ment would we deny the existence of 
the maker of the watch. To do so 
would be absurd. 

5. We observe the beauty of the 
universe around us, the pattern, the 
harmony, the grandeur of it all when 
"the sky openeth; the wind running 
wild; and laughter passeth o'er the 
earth." Surely here is intelligence that 
fills us with wonder and awe. The 
most skeptical must so admit. And 
if intelligence, then a personality, the 
divine source of that wisdom, power 
and majesty — God! 

6. Here then is the foundation of 
our Faith — this acceptance of God and 
our surrender to Him. And that means 
complete surrender. Nothing short of 
that will do if we arc to find that "more 
abundant life" in Him. We must "lose" 
ourselves in this supreme devotion. If 
we take this course the way through the 
present chaotic world will become clear. 
For God will be our guide. 


The Improvement Era for December , 1933 

Assignments for Ordained Teachers 

COME misunderstanding appears to 
^ exist regarding assignments to be 
made to ordained Teachers, State- 
ments are frequently made that Deacons 
and Priests have definite work to do but 
that Teachers appear to have been 
neglected in making assignments. A 
careful study of assignments made to 
Teachers, both by revelation as con- 
tained in the Doctrine and Covenants 
and by designation by the Presiding 
Bishopric, shows that exactly the same 

number of assignments have been made 
to ordained Teachers as to Priests and 

In the quorum roll books provided 
for each quorum of Aaronic Priesthood 
the assignments for each grade of 
Priesthood have been listed in parallel 
columns. The assignments for Teach- 
ers are as follows: 

Ward Teaching, Attend Sacrament 
Meeting, Prepare Sacrament Table, 
Speak in Sacrament Meeting, Pray in 

Meeting, Scripture Reading — Sacra- 
ment Meeting, Assist at Cottage Meet- 
ing, Messenger for Bishop, Usher, Col- 
lect Ward Funds, Prepare Meeting 
House, etc.. Care of Meeting House, 
Visit Quorum Members, Notify Mem- 
bers of Meetings, Cut Wood for Poor, 
Assist M. I. A. Recreation Leaders, 
Bring in New Members — not ordained. 
Bring in new resident of Ward, Bring 
in Candidate, Revive Inactive member. 
Work on Book of Remembrance. 

Correlation Work to be Intensified 

QTAKE and ward Aaronic Priesthood 
^ correlation committees are urged to 
intensify their efforts among the in- 
active young men of the Church in 
view of conditions which make this 
action highly important. The need 
for more intensive work and regular 
monthly follow-up in every ward and 
stake was stressed at the Aaronic Priest- 
hood convention held during the gen- 
eral conference in October. 

The problems of cigarettes and to- 
bacco, liquor, lowering moral stan- 
dards, questionable magazine reading 
and attacks being made on orthodox 

views of the Church were cited as 
causes for grave concern. Inactivity 
among some members of the Aaronic 
Priesthood has been traced directly to 
these sources. The Aaronic Priest- 
hood correlation plan has been given 
to the Church as the means of contact- 
ing boys and young men and of hold- 
ing them within the influence of the 
Church and the teachings of the gospel. 
The changing conditions affecting 
liquor distribution have been cited by 
Church leaders as presenting a new chal- 
lenge to those who are responsible for the 
welfare of young people of the Church. 

The program outlined in the various 
organizations are intended to reach the 
interests of boys and young men but in 
many cases intensive missionary work 
is required to arouse those interests. 

With the beginning of the new year 
it is urged that all stake and ward 
committees renew their efforts to con- 
tact all inactive members of the Aaronic 
Priesthood in the manner contemplated 
by the correlation plan. It is also 
requested that all wards make regular 
reports to stake committees and that 
the stakes in turn report regularly to 
the Presiding Bishopric. 

Instructions Given for Adult Aaronic Class Organization 


WITH the inauguration of adult 
Aaronic Priesthood classes 
throughout the Church some sugges- 
tions for the organization and opera- 
tion of such classes have been made by 
the Presiding Bishopric. 

This work, it is pointed out, like all 
other matters connected with the 
Aaronic Priesthood, is under the direct 
supervision of the ward bishopric. It 
should also be made a part of the work 
of the ward Aaronic Priesthood com- 
mittee, a special supervisor and an as- 
sistant being appointed for this group. 
These supervisors should become mem- 
bers of the ward Aaronic Priesthood 
committee as this work deals directly 
with those who hold that Priesthood. 

The steps suggested are as follows: 

1 . Select and appoint a suitable man 
as supervisor. He should be a mature 
man of wide experience and broad 
sympathies and with an understanding 
of human nature. .He should be thor- 
oughly converted to the work he is 
about to undertake and should, if 
possible, be relieved of other responsi- 

Instructor Important 

2. Appoint an assistant supervisor 
who will become closely associated with 
the supervisor. The assistant may be- 
come the class instructor if one is 
selected who is peculiarly adapted to 
that work. Class instruction is one 
of the most important features of the 
work and requires a person of rare 
ability. He should combine the best 
qualities of a missionary, a teacher and 
a socializer. He should be a good 

"mixer" — friendly, sympathetic and 
patient with others. 

3. Make a list of all members of the 
ward over 20 years of age who hold 
the Aaronic Priesthood and those over 
20, members of the Church, who hold 
no Priesthood. Secure as much infor- 
mation as possible regarding each mem- 
ber. This will be helpful in making 
contacts for the purpose of arousing 

Adult Aaronic Priesthood Class 
28th Ward, Salt Lake Stake 

interest in the class when it is organ- 

Organize Class Early 

4. Have the supervisor and assistant 
visit a selected number of persons in 
an effort to secure a nucleus for the 
class. When five or six have expressed 
a willingness to attend, the first meet- 
ing should be announced and the class 

5. Having established the class the 
supervisors should set aside regular 
evenings for visits to other members 
who are inactive, continuing this work 
as long as any names remain on the 
inactive list. Those who are back- 
ward should be called for and accom- 
panied to the class for a few meetings. 

6. The time for the class meeting 
should be determined by the bishopric 
after ascertaining what hour will be 
most suitable to those who express a 
willingness to attend. This hour may 
or may not be the same as that set for 
Aaronic Priesthood quorums. 

7. A course of study, based upon 
the first principles of the gospel, the 
history of the Church, ordinances in 
the Aaronic Priesthood or similar sub- 
jects should be carefully outlined before 
the first meeting. The lessons pre- 
sented should be within the Church 
experience of those attending the classes. 
New members of the class should not 
be embarrassed by being urged to par- 
ticipate in the discussions (other than 
to ask questions) until they have had 
an opportunity to become fully ac- 
quainted and feel "at home." ' 

The Improvement Era for December ^ 1933 


8. As members express a willingness 
they should be encouraged to partici- 
pate in the functions of the Aaronic 
Priesthood such as administering and 
passing the sacrament, ward teaching, 
ushering, etc. 

Bishop Should Visit 

9. The bishopric should visit the 
class occasionally to encourage the 

members and become better acquainted 
with them in order that they may be 
advanced in the Priesthood as rapidly 
as is desirable, 

10. A careful record should be made 
of the attendance of each member. 
Should any be absent the reason should 
be ascertained without delay in order 
that they may be encouraged to con- 

tinue in attendance. If illness is the 
cause, members of the class should visit 
the home and in every possible way a 
spirit of real brotherhood should be 
established. It is recommended that 
adult Aaronic Priesthood classes be or- 
ganized in all wards where there are suf- 
ficient members to warrant such action. 

Canadian Priesthood Shows Progress 

^ Taylor Stake, Canada, sends a 
report of activity among the Deacons 
of that ward which is of unusual in- 
terest. The boys of the ward have 
adopted a uniform dress for use during 
the passing of the sacrament as shown 
in the illustration. Excellent results 
are reported from this action. A clip- 
ping from the local newspaper gives an 
account of some of the activity of this 
group. The newspaper report is as 

"Junior Program at Sacrament 
Meeting Great Success" 

A splendid Junior program given 
at the Raymond First Ward, Sunday, 
August 13 th, under direction of the 
deacons of that ward was a great suc- 
cess. President Barker Selman took 
charge and twelve speakers responded 
with spirit to their assigned part on 
the program. The Sunday School 

choir aided with the music and in all, 
near seventy-five Juniors took part. 

The opening prayer was by Reed 

Chairman Barker Selman then made 
a few remarks, giving the purpose of 
the meeting and announcing the text 
found in Doc. and Cov., Sec. 107, 
verses 99-100, on duty. This was 
then repeated in concert by the boys 
in white. 

David Wood was the first speaker, 
his subject being "How Chas. W. Pen- 
rose did his work as a Deacon." 

Francis Selman then gave a few 
outstanding characteristics of our Pres- 
ident Heber J. Grant. 

Something of the "Late President 
Chas. W. Nibley," by Winston Black- 

Miss Beth Selman rendered a vocal 

Ross Mcndenhall spoke on "J. Reu- 
ben Clark as a Leader." 

"Life of the late Dr. James E. Tal- 
mage," by his Nephew, James Ross. 

"Why I want to be a Deacon," by 
Robert McMullin. 

"On Duty," by Roland Weed. 

"A Deacon's Duty." by Nyal Earl. 

"Well Done, Thou Servant," Wini- 
fred Litchfield. 

Reading — "Keep Going," Miss Mil- 
dred Boyson. 

"Monuments to Our Pioneers," Guy 

Willis Taylor (Deacon), who just 
returned from trip to Utah was called 
on for extemporaneous talk on his im- 
pressions of Utah. He gave a splendid 
account but said he could not under- 
stand the 18th Amendment. 

Closing Prayer offered by Robert 

Everyone was high in his praise for 
the boys who did so well, and pre- 
sented such a very enjoyable and in- 
teresting program. 

Union Stake Caravan to the Salt Lake Temple 

A N outstanding event in the history 
"^ of Priesthood activities of Union 
Stake commenced Thursday, June 1st, 
when the advance car driven by David 
B. Stoddard of LaGrande 1st Ward 
started a caravan of Aaronic Priesthood 
boys on a journey to the Salt Lake 
Temple for baptismal work for the 
dead. A goal of forty boys was set 
for the caravan and when the final 
count was made at Salt Lake, fifty-eight 
of Union Stake's Aaronic Priesthood 
boys appeared at the Temple doors to 
do his part for the dead who had 
passed on without baptism. 

The trip was made in several cars 
and aside from minor mishaps everyone 
reached Salt Lake in safety and eager 
for the thrills and sights of the chief 
city of the Saints. Only a few of the 
boys had visited the city before and 
the prospective thrills of big city life 
and entertainment filled them with 
eager anticipation to see it all. At the 
close of the visit every boy was loud 
in his praise for the wonderful features 
of the visit. 

The splendid cooperation of Elder 
George Albert Smith, Oscar A. Kirk- 
ham, Joseph Kimball and others who 
assisted in the task of conducting the 
boys to the most enjoyable places where 
a boy can see and enjoy most, was 
fully appreciated. And we wish to 
extend our sincere appreciation to 
Scout Leader John Holmqulst who 

gave his time to personally lead our 
group through the sight-seeing tour of 
the city, ending with a plunge in the 
Deseret Gym pool. 

All the six wards of our stake were 

Boys holding Aaronic Priesthood 

represented in the caravan. Union 
Ward led the representation with 14 
boys; LaGrande 1st Ward, 12; Baker 
Ward, 12; LaGrande 2nd Ward. 9; 
Mt. Glen Ward, 7; and Imbler Ward, 
4. Three sisters also took advantage 
of the opportunity to do baptism work 
in the temple, making a total of sixty- 
one who took part in temple baptisms. 
Each boy was baptized for an average 
of twenty names, making a total of 
more than twelve hundred. 

The organization of the caravan was 
directed by the Stake Aaronic Priest- 
hood Committee with Joseph W. 
Baxter, Jr., chairman, in charge, and 
very ably assisted by David B. Stod- 
dard, Stake Scout Director, D. Leo 
Hibbert, member of Stake Committee, 
Lionel Lindsay of LaGrande 1st Ward 
Bishopric, Van Yates and Leonard 
Strong, Priests of LaGrande 2nd Ward, 
Rex Baxter of M. I. A. presidency of 
Union Ward, Ernest Richeson of Im- 
bler Ward Bishopric, and George R. 
Lyman of the Union Stake High Coun- 
cil. Sister Ethel Cline of Union Ward, 
Ruth Yancey of Baker Ward and Clara 
Alice Feik of Mt, Glen contributed cars 
and drove them on the journey each 
carrying a full load of boys. 

The Aaronic Priesthood caravan idea 
was the result of the Book of Remem- 
brance requirement that every boy go 
to the temple and stand as proxy for 
his kindred dead. 



txecktlve Department^ 

General Superintendency 
Y. M. M. I. A. 


Executive Secretary: 


Send all Correspondence to Committees Direct to General Offices 

General Offices Y. M. M. I. A. 


General Offices Y. L. M. I. A. 


General Presidency 
Y. L. M. I. A. 


General Secretary. 


"LJOW happy the Latter-day Saints 
^-^ should be! 

While the world is struggling 
through a period of tumult and per- 
plexity we at least have peace and good 
will. In our hearts we know that our 
Heavenly Father will over rule all seem- 
ing ills for the good of those who serve 
him with all their hearts. 

You, our faithful executives, who 
have been chosen to the important posi- 
tions of guiding the youth of Israel, are 
among this number. Youth, innocent, 
joyous and fair is today confronting 
a world of problems. Problems fot 
which they are not responsible. Neither 
are they to blame for the many fold 
temptations that beset their way and 
of which they are scarcely aware. Kind 


unselfish hands must be outstretched to 
help them over the slippery hills. 

We often hear the expression these 
days that "the old world is about to 
experience mighty changes," that it is 
even now fighting its way toward the 
golden age which has been sung about 
by prophets and sages since the world 
began. God hasten the day. For this 
stupendous task honest, stalwart, clear- 
headed youth is needed as well as gen- 
erous broad-minded adults whose ex- 
perience has taught them wisdom. 

Fellow workers, our young people 
arc precious in the sight of Heaven — 
Jewels to be gathered and garnered for 
the harvest of the Lord. Everyone that 
you influence for righteousness by your 
words and deeds will bring to you joys 

untold in the mansions of your Father. 
Are you not grateful that such a privi- 
lege has come to you? We heartily 
congratulate you this happy Christmas 
time. We thank you for the splendid 
service you are rendering to the youth 
of Zion, and say to you lift up your 
heads and rejoice, the future is glorious 
with promise and His word never fails. 
With good wishes for a happy Holi- 
day and a prosperous New Year. 
General Supermtendency , 
George Albert Smith, 
Richard R. Lyman, 
Melvin J. Ballard. 
General Presidency , 
Ruth May Fox, 
Lucy Grant Cannon, 
Clarissa A. Beesley. 

How the M. I. A. is Sustaining The Bishopric 

QINCE Heber J. Grant became Pres- 
'^ ident of the Church in 1918, he, 
with his counselors, has charged the 
M. I. A. with the responsibility of the 
Recreation program for the members of 
the Church of Mutual age. How 
startling this would have been twenty 
years ago! Would you say this was 
prophetic? Would you say it was 
visionary? Yet, this organization of 
our Church has assumed the responsi- 
bility of being the agent of the Bishop- 
ric in taking care of the leisure time and 
recreation program of the ward. 

Our Mutual is sustaining us 90%; 
we leave the other 10% for improve- 
ment. Last year our Mutual did far 
better than any previous year. It held 
appreciation classes in Drama, Dancing, 
Music, Public Speaking, and Retold 
Stories. It assembled most of the 
dances, dramas, and musicals and all 
of the public speaking and retold stories 
that were given in the ward. As future 
projects for Mutuals may I suggest the 
friendly contesting of artistically ar- 
ranging the M. I. A. slogans and more 

interest in the reading course books as 
a foundation for a library. 

Chart No. I visually demonstrates 
to you the leisure time and recreation 
program as conducted by our M. I. A. 
Imagine the Bishopric endeavoring to 
conduct this program of appreciation 
classes, collecting the fund, managing 
the dances, directing the dramas, or 
coaching the basketball team and get- 
ting them to the place of playing. 
Heavy, heavy would hang on its poor 

This other chart explains further 
how the Bishopric of our ward regards 
the sustaining power of our M. I. A. 
in this program. Our Bishopric would 
still keep the M. I. A. if class work 

IP^OR the hundreds of expressions of 
kindness and good will received 
from friends and M, I. A. workers on 
my birthday, I wish to extend my sin- 
cere thanks and gratitude. 

(Signed) Ruth May Fox 

were taken out of it just to carry on 
this recreation program. We would be 
worried if we had to assume this great 
task ourselves. It gives us a little 
leisure time to have some recreation in 
helping to put over the Era drive or to 
help with some other activity. We 
are happy to have our M. I. A. carry 
out this program and to use its leisure 
in developing in others the art of living,. 
They have been carrying out the in- 
dustrial watchword of the United 
States. "We Do Our Part." 

As a closing thought let me quote 
a paraphrased sentence, "The M. I. A., 
has been called to bat as 'pinch hit- 
ters' because parents have stopped mak- 
ing 'sacrifice hits;' but it doesn't look 
well for the home team to see father 
lounging lazily on the sidelines when- 
he ought to be at the bat." — Given at 
the North and South Davis Stake M. 
I. A. Convention held September 10, 
1933, at Bountiful, Utah, by John R. 
Walsh, member of Farmington Ward 
Bishopric. (See chart page 871.) 

The Improvement Era for December, 1933 


'npHE chart reproduced here was made 
on a full sheet of card board large 
enough for the audience to read it. It 
was used by the speaker in connection 
with his talk, the essentials of which 
appear here. The chart showing the 
shears was on another large piece of 
cardboard, and a third chart was used 
bearing these words: 20 Years Ago 
— Leisure Time — Recreation — No 
Central Head; Now — Leisure Time 
— M. L A. Pulls Out the Slack. 

Joint Program for January 

1. Singing — "Let Us All Press 
On," or "While We Hail the Bright 
New Year." 

2. Prayer — A Patriarch or High 

3. Singing — "I'll Go Where You 
Want Me To Go." 

4. Short talk (8 minutes) on the 
slogan as a guide for 1934, by an M 
Man or a Gleaner Girl. 

5. The Slogan, led by an M Man 
or Gleaner Girl, whichever did not give 
the talk. 

6. Music (Instrumental or vocal) — 
"Through the Silent Night"' — ^Ladies' 
Chorus. If a solo is used such songs as 
"I'm a Pilgrim and I'm a Stranger," 
"My Faith in Thee," "Cast Thy Bread 
Upon the Waters," would be appro- 

7. Speech (20 minutes) — "Faith, 
the Eternal Bridge." See the article 
by Judge Nephi Jensen, this issue; see 
also "Restraints and Conventions, 
Why?" by President J. Reuben Clark, 
Jr., in a recent issue. 

Notes: Judge Jensen will stimulate 
the thinking of this speaker. The 
article in this issue by William George 
Jordan will also furiiish ideas, for those 
who walk by faith must have the cour- 
age to face ingratitude. Think over 
this addition to the famous definition 
of faith — -"Faith is the desire for the 
substance of the things hoped for and 
the belief or evidence that those things 
do exist and are available." 

What are some of the things we hope 
for? Are they exaltation in the Celes- 
tial Kingdom; peace, both of mind and 
among nations, social justice, spiritual- 
ity among men, economic equality, 
purity of mind and body? What are 
some of the evidences that they do 
exist? Are they to be found in God's 
word, both ancient and modern, in the 
experiences and words of Jesus, in the 
letters of Paul or the other apostles, in 
the words of Joseph Smith and his 
successors, in our own experiences 
among men? 

8. Closing Music — either "The 
Heavens Resound" or "The Hallelu- 
jah Chorus," by the Mixed Chorus. 

9. Benediction. 

We suggest that the M. I. A. chorus 
be used as much as possible and that 
an effort be made to have a full at- 
teiidance of the ward member|ship. 
This is the M. I. A.'s opportunity to 
start the year off enthusiastically. 


Chart No. 1 





Chart ISo. 2 


We Are Going To Have 
It, Of Course 

A MERICANS are accused of taking 
their recreation sitting down." 

"There must be a fight to keep from 
going stale." 

We are calling attention to the Adult 
Ball to be held in January. This may 
be a Stake event or a ward dance. 
Whichever you may decide it shall be, 
see that it is an outstanding and friendly 
occasion. Have every person meet and 
know better than ever before every 
other person in attendance, and banish 
that atmosphere described as "stiff" or 

Unfortunately there is no rule by 
which this may be accomplished. It is 
an individual attitude; an outward 
expression of an inward love of neigh- 
bor for neighbor and friend for friend. 
However, the committee on arrange- 
ments can do something toward estab- 
lishing a general happy state of mind. 

Call upon every member of the group 
"to do his part" in getting everybody 
in the community there. See that the 
work of preparation is given to a great 
many people, that each may draw from 
the occasion his own measure of happi- 

Begin your dance program with "So- 
ciability Dance" described on page 85 
of the Community Activity Manual. 

Costumes and decorations, either or 
both, may be used to give a picturesque 
effect. For instance — a patriotic ball 
gives opportunity for bright surround- 
ings and for simple and colorful cos- 
tuming. Uncle Sam and Miss Colum- 
bia as directors, all others displaying 

the "colors" in the form of a handker- 
chief, necktie, aprons, sashes, caps, or 
in any way that originality or good 
taste may suggest. Of course decora- 
tions and refreshments should carry out 
the patriotic idea. 

See page 75, Community Activity 
Manual for "Aids in Creating Good 
Dance Atmosphere;" page 72, same 
Manual, for first five points under "Be- 
fore the Party." 

At the International Congress of 
Women held in Chicago in July of this 
year, one of the speakers who gave a 
breezy, happy message was Miss Ruth 
St. Denis, head of the Deniishawn 
School of Dancing. Her hair was silver; 
she announced her age as fifty-three. 
But the sparkle in her eyes, her lovely 
complexion and the grace and girlish- 
ness of her body indicated that she is 
one of those who will always be in the 
realm of youth. 

She spoke of dancing as an art to be 
loved and wooed. It is one of the 
earliest of the urges to manifest itself, 
and the sense of rhythm expressed in 
childhood can be made an accomplish- 
ment of mature age. 

She said in effect: Why do you 
ever cease to dance? You would not 
lay aside beautiful habits of speech ac- 
quired through the first decades of your 
life and take up slovenly vocal practices 
— Then why lay aside the power to 
respond to the sense of rhythm within 

And this lovely thought: The body 
like the clothing we wear, As the garb 
of the spirit. It is not the toes, the 
limbs, the physical body which dance 
so much as the spirit within. 


Q, ra and T^ub Hetty 


angi:li:s, California 

NOVt;.\[Iii:R 5, igjj 

AN unusually 
eiFcctive cam- 
paign for 
T /j e Improvement 
Era was developed by 
the boards of Fre- 
mont Stake in Idaho. 
The entire stake 
board participated in 
the plan which 
couples M. I. A. Ac- 
tivities with The Im- 
provement Era drive. 
The plan in brief is {\ 
this: (^ ' 

A series of four 
events was planned 
in the form of a 
Lyceum course to be 
conducted during the 
winter season. These 
features were repre- 
sentative of M. I. A. 
activities and were to 
be presented at Ricks 
College in Rcxburg 
as the center of the 
stake. Tickets for 
the Lyceum event are 
50 cents each, but all 
who subscribe for 
The Improvement 
Era, paying the $2, 
are given a ticket for 
each of the four 
events of the Lyceum 

The plan also 
worked in the reverse 
— all who purchased 
four tickets for the 
Lyceum Course were 
given The Improvement Era (tee of 
charge. The plan has been effective 
to a marked degree. Rexburg First 
Ward, using this plan was one of the with other wards paying in proportion. 




v«?^"e\ing sud- 

\'^^\ "i 

qot as 





^i.^^S^^ >..'fi 

%:f^cJ.>.S'' ^ ^, 



igs a 




' i^ /v"^^^^ 









^^es Offered 
^« ^ra Con\ 

'''"^,^'-. Quota 

The M. '■ *• 


stake M. L A, news 
would be a good 
thing. As a result, 
they issued a ques- 
tionnaire asking the 
people for an ex- 
pression of senti- 
ment. As a result of 
the balloting, the 
"News" was estab- 
lished. The ques- 
tions asked were the 

1. Are you in 
favor of having a 
Stake Publication? 

2. Which do you 
prefer, news events 
from the wards and 
stake, or articles? 

3. Do you favor 
publishing the 
monthly conjoint 
programs of all the 

4. To insure your 
receiving it regularly 
would you be willing 
to pay 25c per year 
to cover the cost of 

5. Do you favor 
mailing the paper 
free to Era subscrib- 
ers by using the 25c 
ward rebate for that 



I the Pirs^ 

/ lav onH 


first wards over the top. The sub- 
scriptions were far beyond the quota, 
and the directors are still working. 
Other wards in the stake were enthusi- 
astic and making excellent progress at 
the time this issue of the Era went to 

The Lyceum Course is financed by 
assessment of ten cents for each sub- 
scription in the quota of each ward. 
To illustrate: Rexburg First Ward 
had a quota of 5 1 subscriptions. They 
were asked to pledge themselves to pay 
ten cents for each of these subscriptions 
whether they reached the quota or not, 
as it was necessary to guarantee the 
success of* the Lyceum Course in ad- 
vance. This assessment was $5.10, 

Los Angeles Stake 
also has a stake M. L 
A. newspaper. Other 
stakes are issuing 
either printed stake 
papers or mimeo- 
graphed editions. Some stakes and 
wards, however, are using the local 
newspapers very effectively. The local 
„ _ editor is usually eager for news and 

The total cost of the Lyceum events with the extensive program the M. I 


that newspapers 


was secured at the outset. 

With this added incentive the wards 
expect to go well beyond their quota, 
leaving for their treasury an even larger 
sum than they would otherwise have 
received without the Lyceum plan. 
Stake and ward officers alike are en- 
thusiastic and expect to do follow-up 
work with the Lyceum plan as the 
basis until the last event has been pre- 
sented. — John Giles. 

Publicity Goes Forward 

OAMUEL HANKS and Hazel Vor- 
^ kink. Era and Publicity directors 
for Hollywood Stake, decided that a 

A. carries on, the publicity director 
ought to have something worth print- 
ing every week, 

Snowflake Lost No Time 

' I ^HE following wire was received 
^ October 16, 1933, at 7:00 p. m. 

Melvin J. Ballard: 




The Improvement Era for December, 1933 


Cynthia Flake M. D. Bushman 

Snow flake Stake, Snow flake Stake, 

Arizona Arizona 

Here's a Record — Applaud 

^^UR Era campaign was a real suc- 
^^ cess. We were determined that 
every ward should have their quotas 
mailed within 48 hours and all had 
them in 36 hours. 

Stake M. I. A. President Chas. H. 
Turley and I went to Showlow Ward 
to help them. Their quota was 27 
subscriptions. We got 9 in cash and 
18 were paid with apples, cabbage, 
carrots, beans and oats. That took 
7 hours and oh! the joy it gave us. 

Claysprings got their quota of 13 
subscriptions in 4 hours. All produce. 

Holbrook's director Burton Richards 
commenced at 6:30 a. m., October 
15th and had their quota with 9 more 
in 30 minutes. 

Joseph City started at 7:00 a. m., 
October 15 th, with about 10 workers 
and were over in 45 minutes — 27 

Heber got their quota of 6 and some 
more in a very short time. 

All the other wards were as prompt 
as their numbers and circumstances per- 
mitted. Very notable work was done 
by Sister Cynthia Flake, Stake Y. L. 
M. I. A. Era director in Snowflake 
and Taylor wards. 

It was a glorious success. Last year 
our stake was first in the Church to 
have its quota. This year we hope 
we are first to have every ward over the 

The Stake Presidency and high coun- 
cil were back of us, also the Bishops. 
May I say we are all amply rewarded 
knowing the good we are sure will 
follow this effort. 

May the Lord bless the cause of The 
Improvement Era. 

Yours sincerely, 

Martin D. Bushman, 
Stake Era Director. 

'"pHREE teams of Era directors are 
deserving of special recognition 
for their work in connection with the 
campaign which is now under way. 
All directors, however, are also to be 
praised for the fine manner in which 
they are attacking their problem this 
year, even though some of them are 
reporting difficulties. 
Snowflake Stake, Arizona, Curlew 

Stake, Utah-IdahO( and Union Stake, 
Oregon, are now over the top and 
their campaign managers pictured here 
are to be given a hand by everybody. 

The report of Snowflake's achieve- 
ment is given in detail on this page. 
Curlew did almost as fine a piece of 
work and almost as quickly and is 
leading in percentage of subscriptions 
obtained. Union Stake, Oregon, lost 
no time in sending in a full quota. 

The Curlew executives decided to 
take up the campaign themselves and 
fully organized before the week got 


Leaders in Total Number of 

1. Snowflake 

2. St. Joseph 

3. Liberty 

4. Fremont 

5. Maricopa 

6. Ensign 

7. Salt Lake 

8. Logan 

9. Los Angeles 

10. Idaho Falls 

11. Mt. Ogden 

12. North Weber 

13. Hollywood 

14. Cache 

15. Pocatello 

16. Yellowstone 

17. Moapa 

18. Weber 

19. Ogden 

20. Grant 

Stakes Leading in Percentage 
of Quota 

1. Curlew 

2. Snowflake 

3. Union 

4. Moapa 

5. Kanab 

6. Maricopa 

7. St. Joseph 

8. Fremont 

9. Juarez 

10. Yellowstone 

11. Big Horn 

12. San Juan 

13. Timpanogos 

14. Logan 

15. Bear Lake 

16. Shelley 

17. Cache 

18. North Weber 

19. Idaho Falls 

20. Los Angeles 

Lowell Cutler 

Curlew Stake, 


Anna Eliason 

Curlew Stake, 


Chas. W. Rugsdale Annie Black 
La Grande, Ore., La Grande, Ore., 
Union Stake Union Stake 

under way. On account of the unstint- 
ing work of stake and ward officers 
who assisted, the campaign had reached 
practically the one hundred per cent 
mark on the opening day of Era Week, 
October 15. Within a few days every 
ward was over the top and some of the 
wards had up around the 200 per cent 
mark. The Union Stake was almost 
equally effective. 

At present the race in percentage by 
the three stakes over the top on No- 
vember 10 is intensely interesting. 
Curlew now leads, but Snowflake Stake 
is eager to push into the lead and may 
be able to do so. Some of the other 
stakes mentioned among the twenty 
are close upon the heels of the three 
leading stakes. 

Snowflake has another distinction, 
that of leading in numbers of sub- 
scriptions. Although Snowflake is not 
one of the largest stakes or one of the 
richest, the quality of the work of the 
directors and workers has been such 
that leadership is accorded here at this 
date. St. Joseph Stake, another mid- 
dle-sized stake, is pressing Snowflake 
at present. 

Some of the largest stakes in the 
Church such as Liberty, Fremont, En- 
sign, Salt Lake and others, are taking 
up the challenge and may be able to 
change the rating by December 10. 

Since these two races continue until 
April 15, there will be a great deal 
of interest aroused before they are con- 

Watch next month's report. 

Holbrook After 200 Percent 

October 15. 1933. 
The Improvement Era 
Salt Lake City, Utah 

T^NCLOSED find subscription rc- 
ceipts for sixteen (16) one year 
subscriptions to The Improvement Era^ 
together with check to cover same. 

This covers the work of the first 
day only of our drive and we find that 
four have already sent in their money 
for the Era so this brings the number 
of subscriptions to date — 20 for Hol- 
brook Ward and our quota is 12. 
You will hear from us again in a few 
days. Sincerely yours, 

• Burton W. Richards. 


The Improvement Era for December, 1933 



T T 7"E again stress the Senior Depart- 
^ ^ ment organization. 

1. Two discussion leaders — a man 
and a woman (a) to share respon- 
sibility and supplement each other in 
maintaining a fine open minded dis- 
cussion group; to locate and suggest 
material in magazines, books, news- 
papers for the help of members in their 
preparation for and participation in 
class discussion; to urge upon members 
a constant look-out for and clipping 
and filing of material from current 
magazines or papers; to assign topics 
far enough ahead to make it possible 
to find such material. 

(b) Stress Latter-day Saint teach- 
ings on economic subjects. No theo- 
logical discussion, but practical ideas 
as taught by the Church. Not hearsay 
but actual quotations from the teach- 
ings of Church leaders on these prob- 
lems. A fine contribution to make to 
the promotion of faith in and appre- 
ciation of practical application of the 
Gospel to our every day lives. 

(c) No craftsman can do his finest 
work without the tools of his craft. 
Your chief tool is the Senior Manual. 
It must be in the hands of every Senior 
leader and for the greatest success of the 
department should be in possession of 
every class member — at least be ac- 
cessible to each member. Discussion 
leaders should formulate some plan by 
which this may be accomplished. Also 
see if people in the ward who have 
current magazines will permit the 
members to use them if someone will 
be responsible for their prompt return. 

(d) Appoint a membership com- 
mittee of as many interested, active, 
men and women as necessary to visit 
every person in the ward of Senior age, 
whether members of the Church or not, 
and invite them to join. This com- 
mittee should be active throughout the 
whole season following up until all 
Seniors are enjoying the fine educational 
and social advantages of the Depart- 
ment, This is a full sized job, dis- 
cussion leaders, and worthy of the best 
that is in you! - 

2. It is assumed that the department 
at the beginning of the season appointed 
two or more class activity leaders- 
men and women who were particularly 
fitted for this work, chosen from the 
class. Their obligation was to become 
thoroughly familiar with the recreation 
or activity program outlined by the 
General Committee for the first Tues- 
day evening of each month. On this 
night these class activity leaders have 
full charge for the entire evening (7:45 
to 9:15). Early in the season the 
■entire class program, including addi- 
tional or outside recreational events 
which the class desired, should have 

been arranged so as to fit local condi- 
tions and also to give committees plenty 
of time to prepare. Each event should 
be of outstanding quality — as fine as it 
can be made. Committees should al- 
ways consult the discussion leaders as 
well as members of the class. 

On the second, third and fourth 
Tuesday evenings it is hoped the de- 
partment is taking up one of the Ap- 
preciation courses under the supervision 
of the Community Activity Com- 
mittee. The class committee cooper- 
ates with the Community Activity 
leader so that this period may be most 
profitable. Each Senior group should 
have a free choice as to the Apprecia- 
tion course selected. Where a class 
chooses any subjects other than those 
outlined in the Community Activity 
Manual, a leader should be appointed 
and this leader works in harmony with 
the Community Activity Committee. 
A subject thus chosen should cover at 
least ten evenings. If any groups have 
chosen other subjects than those recom- 
mended in the Manual we shall be glad 
to hear reports as to their success. 

The Manual period is from 7:45 to 
8:30. The period for Appreciation 
courses is from 8:30 to 9:15. Each 
period should have its full time. 

Your tools are the Program in the 
Senior Manual and the Community 
Activity Manual and the desire of the 
class, if they desire some fine thing 
that appeals particularly to them. Re- 
member, four ward and four stake 
Senior events. 

Send in accounts of Buflfet Suppers, 
Open Forums, debates — any and all, 

outstanding social events as they come. 
We wish very much to publish them 
on our Senior Department page in the 

Before the year is out we hope every 
member will have chosen at least one 
hobby upon which he can mount and 
ride gaily away from the stress and 
strain of daily life. Read "Need of a 
Hobby" in the Manual and Hobbies, 
an editorial in the August Era. Stake 
Recreation leaders choose a Senior stake 
project; it might be a very fine Senior 
stake drama, dance, opera, flower show, 
what you wish. Ward leaders, choose 
your project — a ward affair or activity 
that will benefit the whole ward. In 
Pocatello Stake last year all Seniors of 
the stake met together once a month 
in a dance. 

Stake Senior leaders should make the 
most of their departments in Union 
meeting. Give timely suggestions and 
help on manual and activity programs. 
Give necessary instructions, clearly and 
briefly. You are to supervise, not 
preach. Union meeting is a business 
meeting where problems vital to the 
department are discussed. Leaders 
should have a definite outline of work 
to present. Local leaders should find 
in Union meeting their keenest contact 
with their work. Here they report 
their successes and present their prob- 
lems. Union meeting should take care 
of all unsolved problems of the pre- 
vious month. Leaders should come 
prepared to state them clearly and 
tersely so that as many people as pos- 
sible may participate in the discussion. 

A Merry Christmas to all Seniors! 

What is your Christmas Program? 
We'd like to tell the world; so tell us 
what you did. 

"Wt^iP »a » 

Spanish Fork, Utah, 
Oct. 16. 1933. 

Editor Era, 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 

npHE inclosed invitation given by the 
■*■ Second Ward M. I. A., this city, 
came to my hand and I thought proper 
to send it to your office and perhaps 
you may make some use of it in the Era. 

I am not a member of the Second 
Ward but have permission of Mrs. Eva 
Lewis, who is secretary of the invita- 
tion committee, to forward it to you. 

I am teacher of the Adult class in the 
Fifth Ward and therefore read the Era 
and wish to compliment yourself and 
others on the excellency of the Era. 

Expressing good wishes and kind 
personal regards. 

Sincerely Yours, 
D. T. Lewis. 

M. I. A. 

JT7ITH heart and with hand 
Come, now, join our band! 
We're marching, yes marching 
In battle array. 
We see the foe tremble, 
As we now assemble 
Our weapon, our banner; 
The dear M. I. A. 

The evening: next Tuesday. 
The Place: Legion hall. 
We'll meet you and greet you; 
Old, young, one and all. 
With program and dancing 
And games we shall play 
At this, the first social 
Of dear M. I. A. 

September 12 th Refreshments! 

7:30 p. m. No admission fee. 

Mrs. Eva Lewis, Secretary, Invitation 

The Improvement Era for December, 1933 


M Men- 


To All M Men and 
M Men Workers 


T X /"E are entering into activities in 
^ ^ the second year of our self gov- 
erning organization. Plans have been 
discussed since our June Convention 
to unify our M Men groups and make 
them comply more closely with the 
ideals set out in our constitution. Fol- 
lowing are some suggestions and aids 
to be followed during this year: 

1. To carry out our program we 
will welcome letters of suggestion from 
all M Men, supervisors and class leaders. 

2. M Men Stake Supervisors should 
see that the names and addresses of all 
stake and ward officers are sent in to the 
ofRce at 50 North Main Street, Salt 
Lake City, Utah. To do this it will 
be necessary to keep all offices in our 
organization filled as set out in the 
constitution printed in the supplement 
to the lessons for this year. This in- 
formation will help us contact you 
with each new decision of the Executive 
Council in the form of a bulletin. 

3. Read the M Men News in the 
Saturday Night Supplement of the Des- 
eret News, and also this page, each 
month, in The Improvement Era. 

4. See that your ward and stake 
have an official Roll Book. Keep all 
records of activities up to date and 
follow the instructions in the roll book 
carefully. All activities in which an 
M Man has participated since June 
First (nineteen thirty-two) can be re- 
copied into the new official Roll Book 
by your secretary. Then start a cam- 
paign for new and increased member- 
ship. Start plans at once to make every 
class member an M Man and each M 
Man a Master M Man. 

5. The new gold M Man Pins arc 
ready. The price will be $ 1.00. Send 
your orders to the M Men Office at 50 
North Main Street, Salt Lake City, 
Utah. Read your supplements care- 
fully to see if you are entitled to a pin. 

6. Keep closely in touch with the 
group of men elected as your officers 
in the ward and stake. See that they 
in turn keep in close contact with the 
central executive committee in Salt Lake 


President M Men Organiza- 
tion of the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints. 


By Velma West Sykes 

TT is a strange paradox that innocence 
•^ is the thing most admired by others 
an you young people, but sophistication 

is what nearly all of you most ardently 
desire. In fact, it is pathetic, even 
when also amusing, to see the absurd 
attempts some of you make to seem 
"men and women of the world." It 
is your very innocence of what all this 
implies that makes you so anxious for 
the effect, of course. 

The word "sophistication" is de- 
rived from the ancient Greek teachers 
called Sophists, who preceded Plato and 
Aristotle. Socrates and his school of 
disciples despised the Sophists and their 
philosophy, because they were in the 
habit of "making the worst appear the 
better." The sophisticates of today 
have changed little in that respect. They 
still teach false truths and it is regret- 
table that they find so many followers, 
particularly among the young. 

No one today desires to keep young 
people in ignorance of the realities of 
life, but knowledge of anything is a 
dangerous weapon without the handle 
of correct iiiterpretation. Applied 
knowledge gives that poise to young 
people and old which is always admired 
by others. 

If young people could be made to 
see that nothing is so "green" as the 
eager rushing of self-styled sophisticates 
into unfortunate situations, they would 
not be so gullible. Real men and 
women of the world are those who 
show an intelligent understanding of 
the customs of the world. They know 
all about vice from the observer's view- 
point, but are too smart to walk into 
any of its traps themselves. 

There is a type of sophistication in 
the present use of the word that is 
far ahead of that it originally had. This 
is the type that would consider "falling 
for" any of the old well-known forms 
of temptation as too humiliating for 
words. It would imply an utter lack 
of worldly knowledge — something few 
of us like to admit. 

So if you feel you must be "sophis- 
ticated" — be the high-hat kind. The 
"high-hat sophisticate" scorns the 
common and the vulgar. And he con- 
siders anyone who allows himself to 
be "led astray" as simply "too dumb." 

Sammy Discusses Depression 

By Ida Powell Brown 

T'VE heard that speech of Roosevelt's 

On better times to come. 
I've tried to read the papers 

But the big words stump me, some. 
I've listened to my grandpa talk 

Of days what used to be. 
And though I'm young, folks, here's 
the way 
Depression looks to me. 

I figgcr if them city kids 

Could come out on our farm 

To milk the cows at daylight 
'Fore the sun gits plenty warm. 

And hear the birds a chirpin' 
In our early harvest tree. 

They'd think these times was jest about 
As good as they could be. 

Course, on my Sunday shoes, the soles 

Is gittin' purty thin. 
I go barefooted all the week 

'Till winter time sets in. 
But listen, grandpop crossed the plains 

With no shoes on, an' say, 
He tied old rags around his feet, 

And he's alive today. 

The back of pop's best pants right now 

Is shiny as kin be. 
Ma's black silk sure looks bare in spots, 

She's 'shamed fer folks to see. 
But when we drive our model T 

To Sunday School, why say. 
They sing as loud and speak as long 

As when they ain't that way. 

How kin pop talk depression, when 

He's catin' eggs and ham, 
And spreadin' bread a good inch thick 

With mom's strawberry jam? 
I tell you now us farmers should 

Stop talkin' sich a lot 
And spend more time a givin' thanks 

To Him fer what we've got. 


Submitted by Hon. Harden Bennion 

From an Article Written by Albert 
Edward Wiggam after a long talk with 
Dr. Pupin, born in Serbia but who 
completed his education in America 
and has been one of our leading scien- 
tists and president of several great 
scientific organizations 

CCIENCE is making us better Chrls- 



"Science teaches us that the Universe 
is guided by an intelligent Divinity. 

"Science is teaching men how to 
cooperate intelligently with God; it is 
teaching men what His laws are and 
how to obey them. 

"Science is proving that the human 
soul is the greatest thing in the Uni- 
verse, the supreme purpose of the Cre- 

"Science is leading us closer and 
closer to God. 

"Science has made us better homes 
and is teaching us bow to make a better 
democracy and a better social life; it 
is thus preparing us for the greatest 
spiritual, artistic and intellectual life 
that men have ever known. 

"Science does not contradict belief in 
the immortality of the human soul. 
Science is revealing God in greater and 
greater glory, and teaches us that in 
time we may possibly even see Him 
face to face." 


The Improvement Era for December, 1933 

M Men-Gleaners 

npHE joint discussion for the week 
in January is "Aids in the De- 
velopment of Personality." This les- 
son may be made one of the broadest 
and most stimulating of the entire 
course. M Men and Gleaner leaders 
should take inventory of the various 
aids that enrich personality and make 
assignments to the various members of 
the group. 

For a moment let us pause and sec 
what some of the most important aids 
are. First, the forming of good habits. 
It is so simple to form habits and so 
very difficult to break them that we 
should spend our time and energy in 
forming the right habits of living which 
include habits of eating, sleeping, recre- 
ation and study. To our Gleaners and 
M Men is given the challenge of know- 
ing the recipe of right living. The 
time is past when young men and 
women can say, "I did not know." "I 
have never been told." On every side, 
from all sources, information is given 
for proper living. It is theirs for the 
asking or seeking. Habits arc formed 
in knowledge, not in ignorance. Great 
is the responsibility resting upon every 
young man and woman in the forming 
of his or her habits. 

Another aid in the development of 
personality is the power of thought. 
"As a man thinketh, so is he." 
Thoughts soon crystallize into habits. 
We should look to our thoughts lest 
they dominate us. One girl goes 
through life resenting everything. In 
her thoughts she criticizes, resents and 
combats, then wonders why her person- 
ality repels rather than lures. 

When thoughts begin to get on the 
wrong path, when they begin to go 
negative on us, when we begin to think 
of imaginary wrongs done us, when 
our thoughts dwell on shady subjects, 
it is then time to pull in the lines and 
take a new direction or most assuredly 
our personality will suffer tremen- 
dously. Personality comes from within 
and is an expression of the thing that 
we truly are. Perseverance plays an 
important part in the building of per- 
sonality. Because without it we can- 
not establish habits and "Man is a 
bundle of habits." It is so easy to 
make resolutions but what a difficult 
matter to persevere in the realization of 
them. Think of some of the men and 
women whom you admire most. Have 
they not reached the goal of their suc- 
cess by steady perseverance? One much 
beloved man in a certain community 
persevered in the business of being of 
service, not only to his fellow men but 
to his Church, his community, and his 
country. His personality was irresist- 
ible. He had persevered in building 
into his personality positive traits such 
as cheerfulness, the gaining of knowl- 

edge, tactfulness, courage and unselfish- 


There is perhaps no greater asset 
than the ability to assume responsibil- 
ity. For in the development of this 
trait many lessons must be learned 
which of themselves aid in the building 
of a positive personality. He who has 
learned to assume responsibility knows 
first and last that "Some people grow 
with responsibility and others just 
swell," and with this in mind he makes 
the most of his opportunities without 
being carried away by them. The im- 
portance of making our lives such that 
they will be developed as we grow in 
years is the responsibility of life. Only 
by overcoming bad habits, by establish- 
ing good ones and by perseverance can 
we reach the goal of our creation. 

To M Men and Gleaner leaders we 
urge that M Men and Gleaner meetings 
be conducted in the form of discussions 
giving as many as possible the oppor- 
tunity to express views and opinions 
on this important subject of "aids in 

Good Habits as an Aid 
to Personality 

/'^OOD Habits as an Aid to Person- 


ality" is the subject of the five 

minute talk to be delivered by an M 

Try For a Cash Prize By Scoring the 
Following Chart: 


(In Marriage) 

State if Married 

1. Cheerfulness 

2. Education and Refinement --. 

3. Good Stock ....... 

4. Women score A, Men score 


a. Man should be home 

lover and able provider 

b. A woman trained to be 
a good mother and 
home manager . 

5. Good Home Training 

6. Honesty 

7. Unselfishness .... 

8. Religion 

9. Health 

10. Sexual Morality . . . 

Total of scores should equal 100% 

(See October Era, p. 730) 
Wurry, for time is up Dec. 15. 

Man in the January M Men-Gleaner 
joint meeting. 

Habit Is a course of action one con- 
stantly follows because of a desire so to 
do, or, because of constant repetition, 
the act is unconsciously done. One's 
life, therefore. Is largely made up of 
habits formed, and, if personality is 
the sum total of our social behavior, 
then the importance of developing good 
habits In one's life becomes a matter of 
great moment. 

An engaging personality is one pos- 
sessing a combination of pleasing qual- 
ities built upon a foundation of sin- 
cerity. One who trains himself to do 
each day, as opportunity is presented, 
little acts of kindness and gracious cour- 
tesies, soon finds himself unconsciously 
following this course of action by force 
of habit. The gifts, as we call them, of 
being happy at all times, of being agree- 
able under unpleasant circumstances, of 
taking defeat gracefully, of making the 
best out of the commonplace, of look- 
ing for the better qualities in others 
rather than the worst; — these, though 
they may appear of meager conse- 
quences at first, can rapidly develop 
into habits that will constitute a domi- 
nating factor in one's personality. 

There is an old proverb which reads 
as follows: "Habits are at first cob- 
webs, then cables." It is the combina- 
tion of habits one forms that makes or 
unmakes personality, and it is the little 
things one does that point the course 
he will follow in life. Berton Bralcy 
has expressed this thought in these 
Life is made up of little things, of trifles 

through and through. 
And big events In any life are generally 

It's little things that spoil success, and 

little things that make it, 
It's little things that fashion joy, and 

little things that break it; 
The little kiss forgotten and the little 

word unspoken. 
The little deed neglected and the little 

promise broken, 
The little thoughtless carelessness of 

daily circumstance. 
These are the things that blight delight 

and shatter fair romance! 

There is no more valuable asset in 
life than a pleasing personality. It Is 
the greatest insurance for a successful 
and happy life; it is the chief means 
through which one radiates happiness 
to others. Abraham Lincoln once 
wrote, "Die when I may — I want it 
said of me, by those who know me 
best, that I always made it a habit to 
pluck a thistle and plant a flower 
where I thought a flower would 
grow." Thomas Dreler has very aptly 
said, "To be popular at home is a 
great achievement. The man who is 
loved by the house cat, by the dog, 
by the neighbor's children, and by his 
own wife. Is a great man, even if he 
never had his name in 'Who's Who'.'" 

The Improvement Era for Decem,ber, 1933 


Gleaner Girls 


'■' has very kindly joined the 1,400 
Gleaner Girls of the Church in record- 
ing tributes to some of the people 
who have been an inspiration to him. 
May every Gleaner leader and girl 
follow his example. 

My Mother — Rachel 
Ivins Grant 

A/TY father, Jedediah M. Grant, died 
''■'-*• when I was nine days old and my 
mother, took the place of both father 
and mother to me. 

I remember my mother as one of 
the kindest, most considerate women 
that I have ever known. I cannot re- 
call ever seeing her angry. If she could 
not speak well of a person she kept 

Serenity is one of the finest qualities 
that any mother can have. 

When my mother passed away. 
Colonel Alexander G. Hawes, one of 
the leading business men of America, 
who in the days of my childhood 
boarded at mother's home, wrote me: 
"If the God of nature ever stamped 
nobility and serenity on any human 
face he did upon the face of dear Aunt 

As I look back to my childhood, I 
realize the sacrifices my mother made 
for me in the days of our poverty. 
Many nights we went early to bed to 
save coal oil and fuel. But despite 
hardships she never complained and 
made our home a very happy place. 

Mother taught me all the cardinal 
virtues. She instilled into me as a child 
a love of the truth. 

She talked to me in absolute con- 
fidence about things that many would 
feel the father alone should talk to a 
son about. There was no mock mod- 
esty about her. She warned me against 
immorality and was just as frank in 
talking to me as though she had been 
my father. She gave me her absolute 
confidence and talked to me when I 
was a child about things most mothers 
would wait to tell until their sons had 
reached maturity. 

Mother taught me that my father 
was a very noble man, and she hoped 
that I might grow up to be like him. 
She was ambitious for me to make a 
success in life. She undoubtedly de- 
sired more than anything else, that I 
should follow in the footsteps of my 
father, and be a leader in the Church. 
One reason for this was that when I 
was a child, and was with her in a 
Relief Society meeting, Eliza R. Snow 
spoke in tongues and told me that I 
would live to be a big man in the 
Church and Heber C. Kimball one day 
picked me up and put me on a table 
and prophesied that I would become a 
greater man in the Church than my 

father had been. She had this vision 
in her mind of what I might become 
and often told me to behave myself 
and I would some day become an apos- 
tle although she never told me of these 
promises until I had become an apostle. 

She was devoted to the Gospel of 
Jesus Christ. Her brothers in New 
Jersey offered to settle an annuity upon 
her for life if she would give up Mor- 
monism and return to New Jersey. 
They told her if she came in five, ten 
or twenty years, she would find the 
latch string out but they never wanted 
to see her again unless she would re- 
nounce her faith. This of course, she 
refused to do. 

Her love of the Gospel and the con- 
sistent life she lived did more in con- 
verting me to the principles of the 
gospel than anything else. I often 
think that when I meet her again, I 
will be glad to acknowledge to her 
that whatever success I have met with 
in life was due to her teachings and 

My Teacher — Hamilton 
G. Park 

'T^HERE is a debt of gratitude that 
will never be forgotten to my 
teacher in the Book of Mormon Class, 
Hamilton G. Park, afterward the patri- 
arch of the Ensign Stake of Zion, a 
man of faith, of integrity, of devotion, 
a missionary who had filled two mis- 
sions to Scotland, a man who was 
always telling incidents from his own 
life that were inspiring and faith pro- 
moting; they made an everlasting im- 
pression upon my heart and soul." 

My Ideal — President 
Joseph F. Smith 

T ADMIRED President Smith most 
•^ for his integrity and for his fearless 
defense of the truth. 

His outstanding characteristics were 
honesty of purpose, devotion to the 
work of God, and love for his family. 
A more devoted husband and father I 
have never known. He was absolutely 

From the time I was first acquainted 
with him in business, from before I 
was twenty-one years of age, when he 
was one of the directors in the bank 
where I worked, until his death, in no 
meeting that I can remember did he 
take anything but the side of right of 
the question. I constantly admired the 
man. He was absolutely fair in all 
dealing and had a wonderful capacity 
to inspire people to do their duty. He 
was unselfish in laboring himself, he 
worked early and late, and his very 
example was an inspiration to follow. 

He was a student to the day of his 

death. He was always improving him- 
self. In his young manhood he was 
so forceful that some people said it 
would be a sad day for the Church if 
he ever became President. When he 
did become the President he was one 
of the most long-suffering and char- 
itable men I ever knew. 

At his graveside I read a poem which 
expresses the way I felt about Joseph 
F. Smith. The concluding stanza is 
as follows: 

A Real Man 

Men are of two kinds, and he 

Was of the kind I'd like to be. 

No door at which he ever knocked 

Against his manly form was locked. 

If ever man on earth was free 

And independent, it was he. 

No broken pledge lost him respect. 

He met all men with head erect, 

And when he passed I think there went 

A soul to yonder firmament 

So white, so splendid and so fine 

It came almost to God's design. 

— E. A. Guest. 

Treasures of Truth and 
My Story 

A/TANY queries have been received 
■^ asking how to proceed when 
Junior Girls who have compiled their 
"My Story" books become Gleaners. 
The two committees have considered 
the matter and are happy to make the 
following announcement: 

The two books — "My Story" and 
"Treasures of Truth" — were made the 
same size so that Juniors might incor- 
porate their "My Story" sheets into 
their "Treasures of Truth." All of 
the material compiled in the Junior 
groups fits perfectly into the required 
outline of the Gleaners. 

If girls prefer two volumes they may 
start a new book in the Gleaner years, 
keeping the Junior book intact; or if 
they desire still to keep the title "My 
Story," they may add the material 
which they write as Gleaners to their 
original books. 

We Shall Meet Again 

By H. Gtaehl 

TT/'HERE life's river meets life's ocean 

At the ending of the plain. 
There the boasts of all creation 
Shall be gathered home again. 


The improvement Era for December, 1933 

Junior Girls- 

Honesty and Sincerity 

Suggestions foe Lessons — December 

npHE world has become aghast of 
•^ recent years by the number of 
cases in which trusted men, put in posi- 
tions of responsibility, have proved 
themselves incapable of strict honesty, 
and have used dishonestly the money 
others have put into their care. What 
steps must have led up to the great exhi- 
bitions of dishonesty? Do men be- 
come dishonest over night? What 
might Junior girls do every day to 
strengthen their powers of withstand- 
ing the temptation to be dishonest? 

Read the article, "The Power of 
Truth" in this Era. Is not the ques- 
tion "Does your honor mean only a 
nickel to you" challenging? Is any 
amount of money worth the unrest and 
discomfort which dishonest acquisition 
of it would cause? 

Lincoln, a great man, was great in 
many ways, one of the chief ones being 
his honest way. While tending store 
one day, he sold to a woman goods 
to the amount of two dollars, six cents. 
He discovered later that a mistake had 
been made and that the store owed the 
customer six cents. After closing the 
store at night he walked several miles 
in the darkness to return the amount. 

When such a man came up for pub- 
lic office, what attitude would the 
woman take toward him, regardless of 
his political party? 

On another occasion, the office of 
Postmaster of New Salem, which Lin- 
coln had filled, was discontinued, but 
no financial accounting was called for 
at the time. Several years later an agent 
called upon Lincoln in his law office for 
a settlement of seventeen dollars — -the 
balance due on the New Salem affair. 
Lincoln took from a trunk a linen rag 
in which was wrapped the exact 
amount named. It had been there un- 
touched through his years of great 
hardship and self-denial. "I never use 
any money but my own," was Lin- 
coln's simple explanation. It was an 
explanation not only of the New Salem 
account, but of the foundation of trust 
in his own character. 

Old adages sometimes tell much in 
few words. Discuss the following: 

Clean hands are better than full ones 
in the sight of God. 

Honesty fears neither the light nor 
the dark. 

Honesty is the best policy, but he 
who acts on that principle is not honest. 

With all thy keeping, keep thy word. 

On Sincerity, the following is 
quoted from the Gleaner Manual: "Sin- 
cerity, or inner truth, will atone for 
many exterior shortcomings. 

"No man has sufficient energy to 
maintain forever the pretense of genu- 
ineness. Even though he may die at 


the height of his deception, his deceit 
will find him out. Sincerity, no matter 
how violently assailed, will eventually 
impregnably establish itself forever, 
while hypocrisy — no matter how well 
fortified — will crumble, disclosing for- 
ever the truth it attempted to hide." 

Junior Project "My Story 
— Lest I Forget" 

A RE the Junior Girls of your ward 
-^^ working on the books which will 
become to them one of their dearest 
possessions? To gather through the 
years a written record of one's own 
experiences and those of loved ones is 
to store up treasures of inestimable 
worth, and to lay the foundation of 
many happy future hours. One woman 
is starting books for her babies and 
keeping them until the day the girls 
are old enough to take them and go on 
for themselves, so vital docs she con- 
sider records of their years. 

The following suggestions on the 
Project "My Story" were given by 
Norma M. Patrick at the June Con- 
ference to Junior leaders: 

Invite the mothers the night Pro- 
ject is introduced so they will get the 
spirit of it and help the girls gather 
information and urge them to complete 
the book. 

It's value to the girl: 

Gives a chance for self expression in 
written material. 

Covers and division sheets furnish 
opportunity for art expression. 

Working on the following chapters 
character building: 

"My privileges under the Cove- 

"Baptism for the dead." 

"Plains to Cross." 

Starts interest in record making. 

Teachers make books to stimulate 

A display of books at some time de- 
velops ward and stake loyalty. 

A contest based on the following 
points may help interest. 

Number of books made in propor- 
tion to girls enrolled. 

Amount of written material. 

Attractiveness of books (cover and 
division sheets) . 

To keep up interest more than one 
night a month needs to be spent on it. 
Should meet at least twice a month — 
at a home or some place where they 
have facilities to work. 

Definite assignment, "This must be 
done by next Tuesday." 

The teacher must have real heart in- 
terest in it. Realizing what it will 
mean to the girls later in life as well 
as now, go into it with vim. 

One stake, offering a prize for the 
best "My Story" book, discovered that 
very few girls care to compete for one 

prize. The next year they oflfered a 
certificate of recognition for every girl 
who had her book started, and hun- 
dreds of girls qualified and were award- 
ed certificates. This is a project in 
which every girl who participated is a 

My Story and Treasures 
of Truth 

]Vyf ANY queries have been received 
^^^ asking how to proceed when 
Junior girls who have compiled their 
"My Story" books become Gleaners. 
The two committees have considered 
the matter and are happy to make the 
following announcement: 

The two books were made the same 
size so that Juniors might incorporate 
their "My Story" sheets into their 
"Treasures of Truth." All of the ma- 
terial compiled in the Junior groups 
fits perfectly into the required outlines 
of the Gleaners. 

If girls prefer two volumes, they 
may start a new book, keeping their 
Junior one intact; or if they desire to 
still keep the title "My Story" they 
may add the material which they write 
as Gleaners to their original books. 

To the St. Charles M. I. A. 

By Lillian Bundetson 

A Junior Girl of the St. Charles Ward, 
Bear Lake Stake' 

JJZE have a good organization 
' '^ Which should encourage us all 
To pay for our registration 
In Mutual this fall. 

There's a class for everyone. 

And you'll find you're welcome here. 

There's bound to be lots of fun 

In socials throughout the year. 

We learn lessons of value 
About nature, religion and such. 
Everything planned to interest you. 
And give an uplifting touch. 

No matter your station on earth, 
Your business, wealth, or pay. 
You'll find it well worth your time 
To attend the M. I. A. 

A LOVELY gathering of Junior 
Girls of the Utah Stake Y. L. M. 
I. A. was held in the First Ward Recre- 
ation Hall on Tuesday evening, March 
21. It was their annual spring festival 
for mothers and daughters. The hall 
was decorated, the pink rose, symbol of 
the Junior Girls, being in evidence. 
This symbol was used on the hand- 
painted programs designed by the girls. 
Each ward in the Stake presented one 
number on the program which featured 
in dramatized form the study depart- 
ment, the project— "My Story — ^Lest 
I Forget," the reading course book 
"The White Bird Flying," the ques- 

The Improvement Era for December, 1933 


tion box, the travelogue and the activ- 
ities of story telling and dancing. Spe- 
cial music was interspersed and refresh- 
ments were served. 

A Prayer 

By Dot SchoReld 
Junior Girl 

T ET me live my life to its utmost, 
-^-^ Let me laugh and dance and be 

This sweetness and truth. 
And madness of youth — 
Let me keep them as long as I may, 
But when glad, carefree days are gone 

Then in two small arms' soft caress, 
In sweet baby ways. 
And full happy days. 
In these let me find happiness. 

Junior Era Night 

By Lorna M. Maycock, 
Pocatello, Idaho 

^ Mother. 

Claudie, her daughter — a Junior 

Three other Junior Girls. 

(Scene: Living room of an average 

Time: Evening. 

The scene opens with Mother seated, 
busy with a basket of mending on her 
lap. Claudie enters with books and 
paper which she lays on table, and then 
walks to door at back center, looks 
anxiously as if she were expecting some- 

Mother: Claudie, if you are all 
through with the supper dishes, why 
don't you get at your lesson. 

Claudie: There just isn't a thing I 
can do until I can get some dope from 
the library. 

Mother: Dope? 

Claudie: Well, I've got to 'get a 
book about religious beliefs and cus- 
toms of the Japanese people and sort 
of compare it with our own faith, for 
Seminary class. The girls will be here 
in a minute to call for me and we're 
going over to the library. 

Mother: You don't need to go to 
the library to get that information. 
Do you remember that Japanese fellow 
who taught the Japanese school here 
last summer. 

Claudie: Yes, that was Takeo 
Fujiwara, he gave a talk in our ward 
one Sunday night, but how can that 
help me now? 

Mother: Look in the magazine 
rack there by you and find the Septem- 
ber issue of the Improvement Era 
(Claudie finds Sept. Era) . There, let 
me look at it for a moment (turns 
pages) . Oh yes, here is just the thing 
you are asking for, a very splendid 

article written by this Takeo Fujiwara, 
he is a convert to our Church you 
know, and has been studying in this 
country for several years. 

Claudie (takes magazine and reads) : 
"Relationship between Shinto and 
Mormonism," its just exactly what I 
need and appears to be written so I 
can understand it. Why didn't I see 
this before? 

Mother: Had you looked through 
the Era before? 

Claudie: Well — no I hadn't. 

Mother: Every issue has so many 
fine articles you would be interested in. 
This same number has the story of the 
career and intimate biography of J. 
Reuben Clark, Jr., the new member in 
the Presidency of our Church. You 
were asking just the other day how 
President Clark came to be appointed 
U. S. Ambassador to Mexico. This 
article tells of this and many other im- 
portant incidents in his life. I'm so 
glad you found the material you were 
looking for in the Improvement Era. 

I must go and see that the boys get 
washed before they get off to bed. 
(Exit Mother.) 

Claudie (reads first line or two 
aloud, when the door bell rings) : That 
must be the girls. (Goes to door, three 
Junior Girls enter.) 

First Girl: Hello Claud, are you 

Claudie: Come on in. 

Second Girl: Let's go — I've got to 
be home by nine. 

Claudie: Come and see what I've 
found. We don't need to go to the 
library. (She displays the article as 
girls crowd around her.) 

Third Girl: "Relationship between 

Babe Didrickson (left) and Gayle 
DeWitt, a Junior girl from Arizona 

Shinto and Mormonism." That's 
great; what magazine is this. (Turns 
back to see cover.) 

All: It's the Improvement Era. 

Third Girl: The Era is a smart 
magazine. My sister was telling me 
all about leprosy the other night; she 
read an article in the Era, written by 
an old school friend of hers, who had 
interviewed Dr. Daincs. You remem- 
ber, our zoology teacher was telling us 
about him, the one at the University 
of Utah school of medics, who was 
appointed by the government to do 
research work at the Leper Colony in 

Second Girl: Who cares about 

Third Girl: I didn't say I did, but 
its interesting to know a little bit about 
a disease that most everyone in the 
whole world is afraid of. 

First Girl: We used to take the Era 
last year, but all I ever looked at was 
one page. 

Claudie: And what was it, do tell? 

First Girl: Lights and Shadows on 
the Screen. 

Third Girl: Oh yes, that was a 
grand page. It gave a preview of all 
the new movies each month. I always 
looked up the show I was going to, to 
see if it was going to be good and it 
almost never failed. 

Claudie: Mother wouldn't let us 
go to a show last year, until she looked 
it up in "Lights and Shadows on the 
Screen." It always told whether the 
show was good for us or not. (Girls 
are seated by now, and arrange their 
seats close together.) 

Second Girl: That reminds me, my 
brother says that is a neat story called 
"How Lovely Youth" in this Era, its 
about love and everything, by the same 
author who wrote "Sixteen Sings." 
You remember those poems we all read 

Claudie: Could we all get togethei 
again some night next week and read 
this story and some of the other things 
we have found in this JBra? 

All: Oh — when will we meet? 

Claudie: How about Monday 

Second Girl: Great, and you can 
come to our house, Mother and I will 
be home alone. 

All: Fine, we'll be there, and let's 
call it Junior Era night. 

jDABE DIDRICKSON, the great 
■*^ Olympic star, and Miss Gayle De- 
Witt, a Junior Girl of Mesa, Arizona 
Second Ward M. I. A., taken in Hay- 
den, Arizona where they visited this 

Miss Didrickson (on the left) is 
now giving her time exclusively to 
golf and hopes to excel in it as she has 
in almost every other sport. Most of 
her drives are from 260 to 325 yards. 
She does not use tobacco or liquor. 


The Improvement Era for December , 1933 

Bee-Hive Girls 

Thoughts for Bee-Keepers 

"T^ID you ever question your personal 
■*-^ worth? 

You are worth to yourself what you 
are capable of enjoying; you are worth 
to society the happiness you are capable 
of imparting. The wise person grad- 
ually learns not to expect too much of 
life — to give — not to get. 

Christ gave Himself in service not 
only on the anniversary of His birth — 
as we do — but on every day of His 
heroic life. The day is coming when 
the Christmas Spirit will not be limited 
to Christmas Day or the holiday season, 
but be a part of the world's life on 
every day of the long year. 

What you abound with, cast abroad 
To those that want, and ease your load. 
Who empties thus will bring more in; 
But riot is both loss and sin. 
Dress finely what comes not in sight, 
And then you keep your Christmas 

— Henry Vaughan. 

Christmas Suggestions 


IITAVE you tried to make paper 
flowers from cellophane paper in 
white or red colors? Chrysanthemums 
are nice. Place them in a green or red 
glaiss bowl. Pl,'ace a red or green 
electric light globe in the bottom of 
the bowl, and you will have a pleasing 
Christmas decoration. 

A Squirrel Nut Jar 

The shadow of a squirrel is silhou- 
etted against a silvery background on 
this nut jar. 

The knob is a real English Walnut 
and this box may be filled with nuts, 
shelled or unshelled. 

You can make the jar or box your- 
self. You will need an old cookie or 
cracker tin, a sheet of silver paper, 
black lacquer, white shellac and a 
round-headed stove bolt and nut. 

Put two coats of black lacquer on 
the box. Cut the silver paper the size 
of the box. Cut a squirrel shaped hole 
in this paper. Now apply the silver 
paper with white lacquer, starting it 
at the end and rolling it on. Fasten 
the English walnut to the top of the 
cover with the bolt and nut. When 
the box is dry, go over all, including 
the nut, with white shellac. 

Christmas Cards 

Nothing pleases more than to receive 
a hand finished card from a friend. 

1. Photographs well mounted. 

2. Stencil cards. 

3. Silhouette designs. 

4. Cut out motives in colored paper. 
Rules to keep in mind: 

1. Avoid too many criss-cross lines 
or angles. 

2. Do not make all parts alike in 
size but vary them. 

3. Do not use too many different 

4. Keep all parts of the design re- 

5. Relate your design to the space. 

6. Avoid making motives too large 
or too small for the space. 

Envelopes can easily be made by 
using wallpaper, folding them with the 
decoration on the inside. 

Party Suggestions 

A Christmas Hunt 

ILJAVE small trinkets, candies, nuts, 
fruits, dates, figs, raisins, bon bons, 
apples, oranges or bananas concealed 
about the room or house. Make small 
baskets of candy boxes covered with 
green and red crepe paper. Number the 
baskets and the hidden articles. Give 
each girl a basket and let her hunt for 
the articles having the same number 
on as her basket. 

Christmas Post Card Game 

Provide plain cards, paint, crayons, 
pictures, crepe paper, pens, ink and 
paste. Have the girls make an original 
post card, write original verse and 
address to the person facing her. Mail 
these cards at a post office, where they 
should be attached to the exchange 
gifts of the girls, or used as place cards 
on the table or tray. 



March 6— Guide XXIV— Aids to 

Health in Hive and City. 

March 13— Guide XXV— First 

March 20— Guide XXVI — First 

March 27 — Work on the "Little 


March 6 — Guide XXII — Mending 
(Foundation Cell No. 4). 

March 13 — Open for your planning. 

March 20— Guide XXIII— Under- 
stand Beauty. 

March 27 — Work on the Honey 


March 6— Guide XXII — Service 

March 13 — Planned by the Girls 
and Bee Keepers. 

March 20— Guide XXIII— Nature's 

March 27 — Honey Comb. 


pLEASE send to the Young Ladies' 
■*■ office all interesting items of the 
Bee -Hive activity from your stakes 
and wards and swarms and girls. 

Have you originated a new Bee-Hive 
game? We will be glad to have it. 
Have you found a new way to fill 
cells? Tell the Era about it. Have 
you had a delightful trip? Others 
would be interested. 

The following is a description of a 
trip two Bee-Hive Girls took. Perhaps 
you have one equally interesting. 
Write it up. 

Bee-Hive Girls Visit Roaring 
> Mountain 

By Atene Bate 

Roaring Mountain, in Yellowstone 
National Park, rose from the surround- 
ing forests white with glittering sand 
that tortured the eyes and reflected 
waves of heat into the already warm air. 
Numerous furrows and gullies were 
worn down its slope by hot water that 
gushed from springs scattered on the 
sides of the mountain. It was crowned 
by some evergreen trees which resem- 
bled a tuft of hair on an otherwise 
bald-headed man. 

"Let's climb it; it looks safe 
enough," suggested my friend, Afton. 

"All right," I agreed. 

When we reached the foot of the 
mountain, the ground was warm, and 
we could hear a faint roar as the hot 
water rushed far below us through its 
underground bed. 

Climbing the mountain was a hard 
task, since the sand was worn smooth 
and round, so that it was difficult to 
get a strong foothold. It was also 
very steep, a fact which increased our 

The higher we climbed, the hotter 
the ground got, until our feet were 
burning, and blisters rose on our hands 
where we reached down to steady our- 
selves. The rock underneath us sound- 
ed more hollow with each step we took, 
steam hissed from numerous tiny holes, 
and the roar which we had heard at first 
reverberated in our ears like many 
drums. The ground trembled as 
though shaken by an earthquake, and 
at any moment we expected to crash 
through to the boiling river below. 

By now we were so frightened that 
we each made a secret vow that if we 
ever got to solid ground alive we would 
never come back. Our first attempt 
to descend was unsuccessful, because 
we chose a place that was too steep to 
get down without falling and perhaps 
crashing through to the steaming 
cauldron below. The next attempt 
was a success, and when we reached 
the solid ground once more, we each 
heaved a sigh of relief, and from two 
grateful hearts went up a devout prayer 
of thanks to the One who had brought 
us back in safety. 

The Improvement Era for December, 1933 




Y^ELLOWSTONE Stake Vanguards 
celebrated the fifteenth anniversary 
of Scouting in Yellowstone Stake at a 
chicken banquet held at St. Anthony, 
October 21. The banquet was -tend- 
ered to the entire group by officers of 
the ward M. I. A. groups throughout 
the stake. One hundred and twenty- 
one were present, representing every 
ward. District and Troop officers and 
committeemen were present. Two 
huge birthday cakes each containing 
fifteen candles had been provided by 
the Junior girls, who also served the 
banquet. Songs, talks and special 
music numbers provided an excellent 

Much impetus was added to the 
Vanguard program through this de- 
lightful function and all present ex- 
pressed their determination of going 
forward to make Vanguard work out- 
standing in Yellowstone Stake. 

npHE Legend of the Arrowhead is the 
title of a publication recently is- 
sued by the Young Men's General 
Board for use by Vanguard Troops 
throughout the Church. This book 
is a sort of "Book of Remembrance" 
for each Vanguard Troop,, in which it 
is proposed shall be recorded, in picture 
and written form, the history, activities 
and achievements of the troop and of 
its members. 

Sub-headings in the book include: 
The Troop Record, The Troop Al- 
bum, Troop Accomplishments, Troop 
Trails and Hikes, and odds and ends 
of Troop history. These books are 
day. Names of winning teams from 

each Scout Council who will represent 
the various councils in the finals are to 
be submitted to the General Board not 
later than February 15, 

Indoor Postal Archery 

A N Indoor Postal Archery Cham- 
■^*' pionship for all Vanguards in the 
now being distributed through Scout 
Executives and from the General Board 

At the June Conference, next year, 
an exhibition is to be held where all 
Troop Legends are to be on display. 

The Vanguard Committee of the 
General Board is preparing a special 
book covering the history of Scouting 
and Vanguard work in the Church and 
containing pictures, newspaper articles, 
programs, advertising matter and other 
items in connection with Vanguard 

The books contain approximately 
fifty pages of heavy material with imi- 
tation leather covering and sells for 
75c each. 

T^ATES for the Church Champion- 
■^^ ship finals in Vanball have been 
set at Friday and Saturday, February 
23 and 24. The games will be played 
at the Deseret Gymnasium, Salt Lake 
City. Under the plan adopted each 
team will be given two chances at the 
Championship, as the double elimina- 
tion system is to be followed. Games 
are to be played Friday night and dur- 
ing the entire "day and evening of Satur- 


Aberdeen Coal Co. . 


Beneficial Life Ins. Co. _ .... 

Brigham Young University _ 

Continental Oil Co. __ 

....Back Cover 


Cunard Steamship Co. 


Deseret News Press _.__ __ 


Deseret Book Co. 


Grant, Heber J. K Co, 


Ghirardelli £i Co. 


Hotel Temple Square 

. 893 

L. D. S. Business College 


Postal Telegraph Co. . ... .. _ 


Parks, the Jeweler 

Quish School of Beauty Culture 



Salt Lake Knitting Store 


Standard Brands, Inc. ._ ^ 


Trebor H. Tims -_._„.. - „ . 


"The Present Time 8J Phrophecy" 

... . .. 889 

Utah Gas » Coke Co. „ ... 

. .. 887 

Utah Oil Refining Co, 

Utah Power « Light Co. 

-.Inside Front 

University of Utah - 


Z. C. M. I. . 


Church is announced by the Vanguard 
Committee of the General Board. The 
meet is to be conducted entirely through 
the offices of the Scout Executives who 
will have complete charge of all details 
within their Council area. 

Under the plans adopted, each Van- 
guard team of four members will shoot 
the Junior American Round each week 
for four weeks, reporting the score, 
verified by some adult who has wit- 
nessed the shoot, to the Council office 
by mail. Details are in the hands of 
Scout Executives who will promote 
the shoot through District Commis- 
sioners and local Vanguard leaders. 

How the Rexburg Vanguards 
Kept Their Leader 

boys can do to keep a leader, who 
has made their troop successful, was 
shown by the action of the Vanguard 
Troop of Rexburg First Ward. Jesse 
Evans was the Vanguard leader. His 
work has been outstanding. Every 
fellow of Vanguard age in the ward 
has been brought into the troop. 

Recently he was selected as Stake 
Vanguard Commissioner. To the boys 
of his Vanguard Troop this was a 
bombshell. With the Troop Commit- 
tee the entire Troop asked permisssion 
to meet with the Stake Presidency to 
discuss the matter. This was given 
and the boys plead to have their leader 
return to them in order that he might 
continue the excellent work of the 
past two years. After the case had 
been presented and carefully weighed 
by the Stake Presidency and the Stake 
M. L A. officers it was decided that the 
appeal of the Vanguards was too strong 
to be denied and as a result Jesse Evans 
is again the leader of the Vanguard 
Troop of Rexburg First Ward in Fre- 
mont Stake and is continuing his ex- 
cellent work which has been pointed 
to frequently as among the very best 
work being done in the Church today 
in Vanguard Troops. 

New Vanball Rules 

Copyrighted 1933 by Y. M. M. L A. 
(Please note changes over 1932) 

Rule VIIL Courts and Service 

Section 1. The captains shall toss 
for courts or service. The winner of 
the toss may choose cither to take the 
first service or his choice of courts. 

Section 2. At the opening of the 
game the ball shall be put in play by 
the player in the "Right Back" posi- 
tion. (See Rule VH, Sec. 4). Each 
server on his first serve shall be allowed 
one "fault" or "wild" serve. On 
serves other than the first a "fault" or 
"wild" serve shall put the server's side 

Section 3. Each server shall con- 


The Improvement Era for December, 1933 

tinuc to serve until the Referee calls 
"side out." 

Section 4. Service shall alternate as 
■"side out" is called. 

Section 5. The team receiving the 
ball for service shall immediately rotate 
one position, clockwise. 

Section 6. When a served ball 
touches the net, passes under the net or 
touches any player, surface or object 
before entering the opponents' court 
"side out" shall be called except as 
provided in Rule VIII, Section 2, al- 
lowing one "fault" or "wild" serve. 

Section 7. If a player serves out of 
turn, "side out" shall be called and 
any points made on his service before 
the error was discovered shall not be 

Section 8. The team losing the pre- 
vious game shall have the first service in 
the succeeding game. 

Section 9. Teams shall change 
courts at the end of each game. 

Section 10. At the beginning of 
a new game the players may be ar- 
ranged in any position desired regard- 
less of former positions in the preceding 
game. The Scorer shall be notified of 
change in positions of players. 

Section 11. If wind, sun or some 
other circumstance favors one court, 
the teams may change courts as soon 
as either team has scored eight points 
in any game instead of at the end of 
the game, but the service continues with 
the player who has just scored the 
eighth point. The Referee shall decide 
all matters in this connection unless 
mutually agreed upon in advance. 

Section 12. A player may not leave 
the court, except while in the act of 
making a play except by permission 
of the Referee. 

Rule IX. Playing the Ball 

Section 1. The ball may be batted 
in any direction, and a player may use 
any part of his body above the hips in 
playing the ball. 

Section 2. A ball other than a serv- 
ice touching the top of the net and 
going over into the opponents' court is 
good and is still in play. 

Section 3. A ball other than a 
service may be recovered from the net, 
provided the player avoids touching the 

Section 4. The ball may be touched 
only four times by one team before 
being returned over the net. 

Section 5. The ball may not be 
batted over the net by a back line 
player except on the fourth hit. 

Note: This does not prevent a man 
from playing the ball twice, provided 
the rule against dribbling is not vio- 
lated; that is, a man may be the first 
and third or second and fourth to play 
the ball. 

Rule X. Points and Side Out 

If any player of the serving team 
shall commit any of the following acts, 

it shall be "side out;" if any player of 
the receiving team shall commit any of 
the following acts, one point shall be 
scored for the serving team: 

(1) Serve illegally. (See Rule 
VIII, Sees. 6 and 7.) 

(2) Fail to return the ball legally 
to the opponents' court. (See Rule 
VII, Section 5.) 

(3) Catch or hold the ball. (See 
Rule VII, Sec. 10.) 

(4) Dribble. (Sec Rule VII. Sec. 

(5) Allow the ball to touch his 
person or clothing below the hips. 

(6) Touch the net with any pari 
of the body at any time except when 
the ball is "dead." However, if two 
opponents touch the net simultaneous- 
ly, neither "point" nor "side out" shall 
be called; the ball is dead and shall be 
served over. 

(7) Touch the ball when it already 
has been played four times before being 
returned over the net. 

(8) Reach over the net under any 
circumstances whatsoever. 

(9) Serve illegally or serve out of 

(10) Reach under the net and 
touch the ball or a player of the op- 
posing team when the ball is in play 
on that side, or interfere with the play 
of the opposing team by entering their 

(11) Illegal substitution. (See 
Rule IV, Sec. 3.) 

(12) Play out of position. (See 
Rule IV, Sees. 3 and 7.) 

(13) Touch the floor on the op- 
posite side of the center line. 

Note: If player touches opponents' 
court in completing a play, it shall be 
called a foul, even if he does not touch 
the floor until after the ball has hit 
the floor. 

(14) Enter opponents' court in an 
attempt to recover the ball. Reaching 
under the net with one or both hands 
but keeping the feet in own court is 

(15) Receive deliberate coaching 
from outside the court. (See Rule 
XIII, Sec. 5.) 

(16) Persistently delay the game. 
(See Rule VII, Sec. 12.) 

(17) "Spike" or "kill" the ball 
when playing a back position. 

Note: This is to prevent one-man 
monopoly and to encourage team play. 
In other words, a player who is in a 
back position, when the ball is put 
into play, cannot run forward to a net 
position to "kill" or "spike" the ball. 

(18) Leave the court without per- 
mission from the Referee. (See Rule 
VIII, Sec. 13.) 

(19) A double foul shall be called 
when players on opposing sides com- 
mit a foul simultaneously. In case 
of a double foul, the ball shall be played 

Note: A foul committed by a 
player in the same play at the net in 
which an opponent also commits a foul, 
shall be considered a double foul even 
if the fouls do not occur at the same 

Rule XI. Time Out 

Section 1. "Time out" may be 
called by the Referee only, but the ball 
shall be in play until the whistle is 
blown by the Referee. "Time out" 
shall be allowed only twice for each 
team during a game, except for substi- 
tution of players or because of injury. 

Section 2. During "Time out" for 
rest, either t^am may have a ball for 
practice, but only on its own respective 
court. During "Time out" for sub- 
stitution, the incoming substitutes may 
have a ball for practice for "warming 
up," which may involve the use of 
both courts. 

Section 3. The length of "Time 
out" shall not exceed one minute, ex- 
cept in case of injury and two minutes 
in case of substitution. 

Rule XII. Scoring 

Section 1. Failure of the receiving 
team to return the ball legally over the 
net into the opponents' court shall score 
one point for the team serving. (See 
Rule X.) 

Section 2. A game is won when 
cither team scores a two-point lead with 
(15) or more points. 

Section 3. Three games shall con- 
stitute match or championship play, 
the teams winning two games to be 
awarded the match or championship, 
unless otherwise provided by the Tour- 
nament Committee. 

<^At the World Scout Jamboree- 

programs, festive displays, and ar- 
tistic performances by Scouts of all 
nations, in their own camps. At 
this time the boys who were not in 
any particular programs were per- 
mitted to go and visit the other 
camps, thus taking advantage of the 
wonderful opportunities of mixing 
in with the boys from other na- 
tions in their games, songs, and 
making everlasting friendships. 

Continued from 

page 855 

International pageants, contests, 
and camp-craft were exhibited at 
the rally grounds later in the af- 

The features of the evenings 
were the international campfire pro- 
grams, which were attended by 
thousands of visitors. 

The many types of religious 
services and worship were of special 
interest to all. Jewish, Moham- 

The Improvement Era for December, 1933 


medan, Catholic and Protestant 
services were conducted during the 
encampment. Some of the most 
interesting, however, were the serv- 
ices conducted right in the Amer- 
ican Camp on Sunday morning to 
which the public was invited. The 
services were conducted by our own 
Regl. Ex. Oscar A. Kirkham, the 
Jamboree morale director. Besides 
the very wonderful instructions of 
Executive Kirkham, Dr. James E. 
West, Chief Scout Executive of the 
Boy Scouts of America, gave a very 
inspiring talk on the 12th Scout 
Law, "A Scout is reverent." 

/^NE Sunday afternoon Exec- 
utive Kirkham called all the 
Latter-day Saint Boy Scout dele- 
gates together in one of the head- 
quarter tents of the American con- 
tingent, where another meeting was 
held, which will long be remem- 
bered by all that were present. 
Latter-day Saint members attend- 
ing the Jamboree from Utah were : 
Regional Executive Oscar A. Kirk- 
ham and his wife; Merrill Chris- 
topherson, the chief quartermaster 
of the American Contingent; Frank 
Fister and Louis Pingree. Mission- 
aries from the Swiss-German Mis- 
sion were: John Daynes, A. C. 
Hull, Harvey A. Hatch and James 
G. Anderson, Mission Scout Ex- 
ecutive. Missionaries from the 
German- Austrian Mission were: 
Norman C. Kirkham, Merlin J. 
Shaw, Orville Gunther and other 
Scouts and Scouters, (Felix Nest- 
linger from Salzburg, Austria, Di- 
rector of the Information Office of 
the Austrian contingent, and Alex 
and Lorenz Przybila, from Vien- 
na.) We were also honored in 
bjaving President Arther Gaeth 
and Elder Miller of the Czchoslo- 
vakian Mission present. Elder 
Heber K. Merrill, Jr., missionary 
from the French Mission, was also 
there. Many other Saints were 
visitors at the Jamboree. 

The hospitality of our Hun- 
garian friends and brother Scouts 
had far surpassed our wildest 
dreams. The welcome that we re- 
ceived collectively and individually, 
when arriving, the triumphal pro- 
gress on excursions; the cheery 
friendliness of all visitors to the 
camp and the manner in which 
everything was done to make us 
thoroughly enjoy our stay — all of 
these things, besides making us very 
happy made some feel mighty 

The only unpleasant thing of 
the whole Jamboree was, saying 
"goodbye" to each other and leav- 
ing the dear old spot, which was 
the meeting place of so many dear 
friends, that perhaps will never see 
each other again. It really had 
been wonderful to have our chief 
with us, but it was no easy thing 
to tell him "Goodbye" as he gave 
his farewell address on the rally 
grounds, when he said : "My heart 
is filled with joy because you have 
accomplished what I expected of 
you, namely, 'made friends.' And 

now let us pause a moment and 
bow our heads in gratitude unto 

p\ON'T form the habit of saying 

at home, "I won't do it." To 

get somewhere in the world you 

have to have the good habit of 

saying, "I'll be glad to do it." 

* * * * 

'"pHE really bright boy is the one 
who has the good sense to 
realize that he has to work hard to 
get anywhere in the world — Jules 


Thanks for Health 

exuberant youth scorns caution in 
the joy of hving. Health frequently is the 
price of that gesture. The chief foe of youth 
is tuberculosis. It can be prevented and 
cured, yet it still is the greatest cause of 
death among children between 5 and 20. 
Thousands of adults, remembering timely 
aid from their local tuberfculosis association, 
can look with gratitude at Christmas Seals 
and say, "Thanks for Health." 




r/ie National, State and Local Tuberculosis Associations o/f/ie United States 

Bi*j Christmas Seals 


The Improvement Era for December, 1933 

4iThe Eternal Bridge 

A greater man than Herbert 
Spencer, by simple faith bridged 
the gulf between man and God. In 
1820, Joseph Smith, then a lad 
fourteen years of age, became deeply 
concerned about the salvation of 
his soul. Revival meetings in 
which excited appeals to the emo- 
tions were made, accentuated his 
anxiety. The divided and dis- 
tracted condition of Christianity, 
the fierce conflict of religious opin- 
ion, and clashing of creeds, added 
to the perplexity of his youthful 



are Long 

Good judgment suggests 
this year that you give 
something practical a t 
Christmas time . . . some- 
thing beautiful, yet pos- 
sessing utility for the entire 

A visit to our store will 
convince you that Electrical 
gifts are most appropriate 
and least expensive. 

Drop into our store and 
choose from the many use- 
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Utah Power 8 
Light Co* 

Efficient Public Service 

mind. The din of disagreeing and 
clamoring priests, moved the boy 
to ask, "Which of all the churches 
is right ? ' ' This is a most profound 
question for a boy of fourteen. 
While this puzzling question dis- 
tressed his earnest soul, he took to 
reading the scriptures. One day he 
opened the Bible at the first chapter 
of James' Letter. His eyes fell 
upon the faith-stimulating text, "If 
any of ye lack wisdom let him ask 
of God that giveth to all men liber- 
ally and upbraideth not." The 
words of this simple promise went 
home to the heart of that boy as 
the very words of the God of all 
wisdom. He believed God had 
actually made the promise; and 
that He would make it good. 

Impelled by this simple abiding 
faith, he went into the woods near 
his father's home and there bowed 
his head and lifted his troubled 
heart in pleading to God. As he 
heroically prayed there appeared 
above him a beautiful pillar of light 
transcending in brilliancy the light 
of the noon day sun. Encircled 
within this glorious light stood 
two purified, glorified, immortal- 
ized beings in express and majestic 
human form. One of them pointed 
to the other and said, "This is my 
beloved Son, hear Him." 

That day that boy saw the glor- 
ified form of the Omnipotent One, 
and heard the voice that spoke in 
the morning of time when quiver- 
ing matter was organized to make 
a beautiful world. 

He is the greatest discoverer of 
modern times. He discovered for 
modern man the only key to the 
knowledge of God. He found that 
deepest and purest joy, of actual 
contact and fellowship with the 
Father of all, of which Emerson 
sang so beautifully: 

"O, when I am safe in my sylvan home, 
And I mock at the pride of Greece and 

And when I am stretched beneath the 

Where the evening star so holy shines, 
I laugh at the lore and pride of man, 
At the sophist schools, and the learned 

For what are they all in their high conceit 
When man in the bush with God may 


npHE spot on which that boy 
prayed is a sacred shrine. It 
is the cradle of modern faith. 
Within that sylvan temple on that 
hallowed day, that boy's faith 

Continued from 
page 852 

bridged the chasm between man 
and God. The hope-giving story 
of his triumphant quest of certainty 
concerning the Most High has 
awakened in the hearts of tens of 
thousands of men and women the 
undaunted faith that actually seeks 
and finds, and asks and receives. 
The glowing light of this living 
faith has sent afar its rays in an 
age of doubt and skepticism, and 
turned uncertainty to assurance and 
despair into hope. This faith- 
stimulating power has done more 
to increase the spiritual riches of 
our modern age than thousands of 
volumes of speculations about God 
and His economy. 

In every field of scientific research 
there is the constant barrier of the 
unknown to surmount. All scien- 
tific progress is made by surmount- 
ing this enduring barrier. In the 
world of invention it is the same. 
The inventor makes his inventions 
by boldly venturing across the 
frontiers of the unknown. The 
discoverer sails upon unchartered 
seas, and travels over tackless 
wastes to give mankind a more ex- 
tended knowledge of the world. 
In the spiritual realm, poets, phil- 
osophers and prophets have strug- 
gled through the ages for intimate 
knowledge of the unseen God. In 
all of these centuries of ceaseless 
research, endless inventions, start- 
ling discoveries and eager quests of 
God, the torch of faith has led the 
way. It has lighted the path over 
the barriers of science; it has awak- 
ened the confidence that has guided 
the inventor in his painstaking ex- 
periments; it has kindled the ardor 
of the discoverer and sent him to 
the unseen corners of the world, 
and it has fired the prophets with 
the deathless zeal to reach out with 
undoubted assurance for intimate, 
conscious, loving fellowship with 
Him who is invisible. 

^ ^ e ^S>^a>- 


N the spirit realm, as in our ma- 
terial world of mortals, the 
Gospel of Jesus Christ is being 
preached; and among both dead 
and living the authoritative procla- 
mation is made: "Repent for the 
kingdom of heaven is at hand." 
To be competent to officiate for his 
dead, a man must first comply with 
the laws and ordinances of the 
Gospel in his own behalf. — James 
E. Talmage of the Council of the 

The Improvement Era for December, 1933 


^A Gi/t- Edged Guardian- 

Anne had learned, the agent for an 
important wholesale buyer, and 
came to the factory rather often. 
She had noticed him sometimes, 
standing near the employees' exit 
at closing-time, waiting to talk to 
some of the girls. Many of them 
appeared to dislike him, and Jane 
Anne could not understand why. 

It was one day in early 
spring, at lunch-time, when Heiny 
and Jane Anne were brought to- 
gether. She was coming down a 
corridor from the coat-room, carry- 
ing her lunch in its newspaper 
wrapping, when Heiny hurried out 
of a doorway and bumped into her, 
making her drop everything. The 
newspaper unfolded itself and de- 
posited the sandwiches in a messy 
heap of bread and jam and bologna, 
at her feet; and the apple rolled 
along the corridor for yards and 
yards and finally lost itself in a 
dark corner. Heiny stopped, with 
a laugh, and looked down upon 
Jane Anne's red-faced, paralyzed 
confusion and distress. 

"Permit me!" he said, and bend- 
ing low before her, he swept up the 
broken sandwiches with the news- 
paper, and tossed them into a con- 
venient rubbish-can. Then he put 
out a plump pink hand and pinched 
Jane Anne's flushed cheek. 

"There it goes; " he said cheer- 
fully. "So what can you do but 
let me take you out and get a lunch 
that is a lunch?" 

Without waiting for an answer, 
he took her into the circle of his 
arm and guided her rapidly out of 
the building and down the street 
to a nearby lunch-room. A hum- 
ble enough place, but much finer 
than Jane Anne had ever been able 
to patronize. The food was very 
good, but she was too awed to eat 

Heiny talked merrily and a great 
deal. Jane Anne talked only when 
he asked her questions, and she 
thought he would think her very 
dumb. She would have been sur- 
prised to know how much Heiny 
knew about her at the end of that 
brief meal. About her aloneness, 
and her incredible ignorance of life. 
Heiny found it all very pathetic and 

He took her back to the factory 
just five minutes before the one 
o'clock whistle blew. His entrance 

with her caused a mild sensation, 
which for the moment Jane Anne 
rather enjoyed. 

"Jane Anne," Heiny said just 
before he left her at the door of 
her workroom, "how about having 
dinner with me tonight? And a 
nice long ride out into the country 

Jane Anne's gray-blue eyes 
widened in surprise. She raised 
her hand and brushed back her dark 
curls in an embarrassed way. 

"Why— I— I—" 

"I'll call for you at seven," 
Heiny said, and wrote down her 
address in a little leather book he 
had in his vest pocket. 

His words had been plainly aud- 
ible to a number of girls looking 

Like one in a dream, Jane Anne 
went to her place, conscious of 
many glances bent upon her. Cur- 
iously disturbing glances, most of 
them. Disapproving, they seemed. 

One girl, a rather large, heavy, 
sour-faced blondish girl, paused by 
Jane Anne's chair and whispered: 

"Go to it, kid! Be careful, but 
not too good. Being too good 
only brings you lonesomeness; / 
know. But dig him for plenty 
while you're at it. Wish you 

Jane Anne didn't understand. 
She wanted to ask the girl what 
she meant, but just then the whistle 
blew and there was no time to talk. \ 

Continued from 
page 842 

It was then that Jane Anne felt 
fear coming back. 

LjY five-thirty, she had 
thought everything out. She was 
even a little bit thrilled that seven 


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The Improvement Era for December, 1933 

o'clock was so near. And she had 
decided to stop at a small shop on 
her way home and take out the new 
dress she had selected several weeks 
before and had been paying for a 
little each payday; it was to have 
become her own on this next Satur- 
day anyway, — there was just one 
dollar and a quarter remaining un- 
paid. She had exactly that amount 
in her purse. To part with it to- 
night meant that tomorrow — Fri- 
day — and Saturday until noon, she 
could buy no food. She debated 
the question carefully, and decided 
that it would be worth going 
hungry for a day or so, to have the 


of Utah 


The Winter Quarter 


January 2, 1934 

Students planning to enter for 
the first time should file their 
credits and applications with the 
Recorder at once. 

Provided credits and applica- 
tions have been previously filed, 
the Dean of the Lower Division 
will see enrolling Freshmen dur- 
ing the week of December 11 to 

Registration for all other stu- 
dents will take place on 

January 2, 1934 

For full information regarding 
requirements, courses, tuition, 
etc., send for catalogue. 

Address, The President 


nice dress for her first date. To- 
night's dinner would fortify her 
against her fast. 

She hurried home with it and 
bathed and dressed. At five min- 
utes before seven she was ready. 
The cracked mirror told Jane Anne 
that she looked very lovely in the 
new frock, as she had known she 
would. Her eyes were starry now; 
excitement and the hurrying had 
brought color into her pale cheeks. 

Distantly, she heard the doorbell 
ringing. That would be Heiny! 
Jane Anne picked up her coat and 
turned to go. And in that moment 
her glance fell on the Shepherd. 

There he was, in his gilt frame, 
watching over Jane Anne. She 
looked back at him, and suddenly 
she could not move. She could not 
take her eyes from his kind, stern, 
tender, commanding face. 

She heard Mrs. Danbury come 
puffing, grumblingly up the stairs. 
Mrs. Danbury would be angry if 
she had to come all the way up. 
Jane Anne should have been on the 
stairs, at least. 

"Jane Anne!" came Mrs. Dan- 
bury's voice, calling from the land- 
ing below. "A gentleman to see 
you. Says you expected him." The 
last four words were a severe re- 
buke, the way Mrs. Danbury said 

Still Jane Anne stood in front of 
her bureau, and her coat slid from 
her hand and lay unnoticed on the 

"Tell him — not to wait. I 
can't — go. Tell him I've got a 
headache — or something. Oh, tell 
him anything!" called Jane Anne, 
and wondered why her own voice 
sounded so strange to her. 

She heard Mrs. Danbury go 
grumblingly back down the stairs. 
Faintly, she heard the front door 
close. Very slowly she sat down 
on the edge of the hard-lumpy bed. 

Hours later, she woke and re- 
membered that she had cried herself 
to sleep. She was woefully hungry. 
She got up and found one thin dry 
slice of bread and a sliver — little 
more — of cheese. Apathetically 
she ate it and went back to bed. 
For a long time she lay awake, 
staring at a dark-gray blur of win- 
dow-space in which no stars show- 
ed at all. Presently rain began to 
fall on the roof, and after awhile 
its gentle tattoo lulled her to slum- 
ber again. 


day after a dinnerless evening is 
bound to be a cheerless day. Add 
to these minutes a lunchless noon 
and a second dinnerless evening, 
and you are likely to feel serious 
consequences. Especially if you are 
trying to work at high speed in 
between times, and are habitually 
scantily-fed as Jane Anne was. 

Restraining several wild impulses 
to grab something from the food- 
shops she passed on her way, Jane 
Anne reached her attic sanctuary 
faint with hunger. Greeting her 
with that same wise, kind, stern 
look, there stood the Shepherd in 
his gilt frame. 

All Jane Anne's remaining 
strength seemed to concentrate it- 
self into one sudden burst of fury. 

"Oh!" she cried out at him. 
"How can you look at me that 
way, after what you've done? It's 
your fault I didn't have a good 
dinner last night! I could've stood 
today, if I'd had a dinner like 
Heiny would get me, then. And 
I'd have had some fun for once. 
I thought you were kind — ^but 
you're just a — a mean old tyrant, 
darn you! I bet I don't let you 
do that to me again, ever — ever!"" 

The tiny window stood open. 
It seemed to point the way. 

With a shrill little gasping sob, 
Jane Anne seized the Shepherd and 
hurled him, frame and all, through 
the window. Hurled him with a 
strength she had not known she 
possessed, out into that square of 
deepening twilight sky. Then she 
sank down beside her narrow bed, 
weeping hysterically and bitterly. 

When the spasm of crying was 
over, she became aware of an un- 
bearable emptiness in her little 
room. Aware of a crushing ache 
within her breast, harder far to 
endure than her pangs of hunger. 
And aware that the bare space upon 
her bureau seemed to shriek at her 
through the silence and the black- 
ness and the pain. There were 
stars visible through the window, 
but tonight they had no kindly 
message for her. In all her lonely 
life, she had never felt so terrify- 
ingly alone and helpless and hope- 

Tossing miserably through the 
long hours, Jane Anne came to the 
conclusion that she was being 
haunted. Haunted by the ghost 
of the Shepherd whom she could 
never put out of her life. He had 
become an obsession, a vital some- 

The Improvement Era for December , 1933 


thing to her peace of mind. She 
could not do without him; she 
must find him and bring him back. 

IN the first gray dawn 
she dressed and crept weakly down 
the three flights of stairs. Slipped 
out of the house, and through the 
narrow dark alley to the back yard. 

Shivering, she stood for a few 
minutes in the middle of the grav- 
eled enclosure, straining her eyes to 
see, and trying to calculate. De- 
cided that the force with which she 
had thrown her Shepherd out of 
the window, would probably have 
carried him beyond this yard, over 
the board wall and into the neigh- 
boring property. 

With sinking heart but unabated 
determination, Jane Anne exam- 
ined the wall and succeeded in find- 
ing a board that appeared to be 
loose. She pulled at it, frightened 
at the noise of its squeaking nails, 
until she had an opening through 
which she could climb. 

The yard into which she stepped 
was so different from the one she 
had just left that she could hardly 
believe her senses. This was the 
garden she had glimpsed from her 
own window so longingly. Here 
was grass, heavenly-sweet and soft 
beneath her feet. Tall shrubs 
roundabout, and flowers here and 
there. The beauty and the surprise 
of it almost made Jane Anne forget 
why she was here. She just wanted 
to stand and look and look. To 
breathe the air with its unaccus- 
tomed sweetness. To reach out 
and touch the cool greenness of 
young leaves on the bushes nearest 
her. Something about it brought 
tears. Hastily she brushed them 

It did not take long to find that 
which she sought. In the middle 
of a flower-bed, there was a pro- 
truding corner of the gilt picture- 
frame, which had nearly buried 
itself in loose black garden-soil. 

Carefully Jane Anne stepped 
over between the rows of tulips to 
reach her treasure. Miracle of 
miracles! The glass was not even 
broken — so gently had the soft 
dark earth received the falling 

Jane Anne caught him to her 
with a sob of relief, and stepped 
backward out of the flower-bed. 
Backward into a grasp of strong 
arms that caught hers, and into a 
moment of the blackest terror yet. 

"So!" said a voice, a young 

-a i 

man's voice, deep, angry. "So it's 
you who's been stealing our flow- 

Jane Anne's cry froze in her 
throat. Still clutching the precious 
picture to her heart, she sank down 
into an unbelievably small heap of 

"Poor little mite!" she heard a 
woman saying, softly, "She looks 
half starved, Danny, and sick, too. 
No wonder she fainted when you 
caught her so." 

"But she's — she's lovely. Moth- 
er! Like a flower — and as fragile, 
right now. What do you suppose 
— oh, she's coming to — ." That 
was the deep young masculine voice 
again, but without the anger. 

Jane ANNE opened 
her eyes wearily. Above her, two 
faces hung; one, the young man's, 
dark of skin and eyes and hair, but 
cleanly dark, and attractive — a 
book-hero's face without doubt! 
The other, a woman's, with silvery 
hair around it, and tender blue eyes 
lighting it. 

Into those tender blue eyes Jane 
Anne gazed wonderingly. Slowly 
she was remembering. 

"I — didn't," she half-whispered. 
"I didn't — take any flowers. I 
just came to get my Shepherd. 
Where is he?" she demanded, sit- 
ting suddenly upright. "Oh, there 
he is on that table — let me have 
him please!" 

Danny handed her the picture, 
something reverent in his handling 
of it. He seemed shocked at her 
next words; 

"He's — he's all I have, you see," 
Jane Anne said, feeling that an ex- 
planation was due. "I was angry 
and — and threw him out of my 
window, but I had to get him back 

Danny looked at his mother 
with a puzzled frown. ' She turned 
away very quickly and went into 
the next room. 

Then Jane Anne looked all 
around. Seeing clearly for the first 
time, the tall young man in his 
dark-blue robe over pajamas; his 
hands in his pockets, his lips smil- 
ing at her reassuringly. Noticing 
the pleasant room; bright, light 
walls, with pictures on them; clean 
white curtains at the windows; 
colorful painted furniture and in- 
teresting ornaments. A pink cov- 
erlet on the bed where she sat. Jane 
Anne touched it with her hand, 
finding it soft and silky. 


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The Improvement Era for December, 1933 

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"How — pretty!" she murmured, 

The silver-haired woman came 
back into the room, bringing a tall 
glass filled with creamy milk, heat- 
ed and delicious, which she held to 
Jane Anne's lips. Jane Anne drank 

"Now lie down again — that's a 
good girl," the woman commanded 
in her sweet voice. 

Obediently Jane Anne lay 
down, conscious of the smooth 
softness of the bed. She hadn't 
known that a bed could feel like 

"She's dead tired, Danny. Come 
away and let her go to sleep." 

"We ought to find out her name, 
Mother. Her folks may be worry- 
ing about her." 

Jane Anne moved her dark little 
head against the pillow and an- 
swered quietly: 

"No, there isn't anyone — just 
me and the Shepherd. But really 
I can't stay here. I have to go to 
work pretty soon. 

"Where?" demanded Danny. 

She told him where. Thinking 
that she would get up now, but 
still making no effort. 

"That's all I want to know. 
Miss — Miss — " 

"Jane Anne," she prompted 

"Oh. All right, Jane Anne, you 
go to sleep now. I'll see about 
your job. You're not going to 
work this day." 

"No, indeed you're not," put in 
Danny's mother. "You're going 
to stay right here and let us take 
care of you. Now sleep awhile, 
and when you wake up you can 
have some breakfast!" 

Smiling at her again, they went 
out. The door closed behind 
them — the gentle mother and her 
fine tall son. 

Jane Anne felt slumber stealing 
upon her. She roused herself 
enough to lift the Shepherd in his 
gilt frame so that she could look 
at him squarely once more. 

"His face — is something like 
yours, Shepherd," she whispered to 
him. "Kind — ^and good. Thank 
you for bringing me to him!" 

The Shepherd looked back at 
her, kindly, steadily, wisely. In 
his eyes and on his lips there seemed 
to rest a smile and a promise. 

Suddenly, swiftly, Jane Anne 
drew him down close to her. * * 
Upon the glass-covered face of the 
Shepherd she pressed a warm and 
tremulous kiss. 


4^A Peace Offering- 

Mr. Lincoln had intimated that 
payment for the slaves was not 
outside a possible agreement for 
reunion and peace. He based that 
statement upon a plan he already 
had in hand, to appropriate four 
hundred millions of dollars to this 

"There are those who have put 
themselves to the pains of chal- 
lenging this statement of mine. 
It admits of no possible equivoca- 
tion. Mr. Lincoln carried with 
him to Fortress Monroe two docu- 
ments that still stand in his own 
handwriting; one of them a joint 
resolution to be passed by the two 
Houses of Congress appropriating 
the four hundred millions, the 
other a proclamation to be issued 
by himself as President, when the 
joint resolution had been passed." 

A noted author, who is a native 
of Virginia, laments the failure of 
the conference in the following 

"The importance of the negoti- 
ations has always been recognized 
by historians. Had the conference 

Continued from 

page 837 

succeeded, the tragic slaughter of 
the flower of the North as well as 
the South before Petersburg and 
Richmond, the final crushing de- 
feat of the Confederate army at 
Appomattox, and the starvation 
and the devastation of the South, 
with the distresses of reconstruc- 
tion, would have been avoided. 

And years after the conference 
was held, Alexander H. Stephens 

"Recurring once more to the sub- 
ject of emancipation, he (Lincoln) 
went on to say that he would be 
willing to be taxed to remunerate 
the Southern people for their 
slaves. He believed the people of 
the North were as responsible for 
slavery as the people of the South; 
and if the war should then cease, 
with the voluntary abolition of 
slavery by the States, he should be 
in favor, individually, of the Gov- 
ernment paying a fair indemnity 
for the loss to the owners. He said 
he believed this feeling had an ex- 
tensive existence at the North. He 
knew some who were in favor of 

The Improvement Era for December^ 1933 


an appropriation as high as four 
hundred millions of dollars for this 
purpose. 'I could mention per- 
sons,' said he, 'whose names would 
astonish you, who are willing to do 
this if the war shall now cease 
without further expense, and with 
the abolition of slavery as stated." 
— War Between the States, Vol- 
ume 2, page 617. 

the day after his return from 
Hampton Roads in considering and 
perfecting a new proposal, designed 
as a peace-offering to the states in 
rebellion. On the evening of Feb- 
ruary 5, 1865, he called his Cab- 
inet together and read to them the 
following draft of a message and 
proclamation, which he had writ- 
ten during the day, and upon which 
he invited their opinion and advice : 

" 'Fellow-citizens of the Senate and 
House of Representatives; I respectfully 
recommend that a joint resolution, sub- 
stantially as follows, be adopted, so soon 
as practicable, by your honorable bodies: 
"Resolved by the Senate and House of 
Representatives of the United States of 
America in Congress assembled. That the 
President of the United States is hereby 
empowered, in his discretion, to pay four 
hundred million of dollars to the States 
of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, 
Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, 
Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, 
South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vir- 
ginia, and West Virginia, in the maniier 
and on the conditions following, to- wit: 
The payment to be made in six per cent 
Government bonds, and to be distributed 
among said States pro rata on their re- 
spective slave populations as shown by the 
census of 1860, and no part of said sum 
to be paid unless all resistance to the Na- 
tional authority shall be abandoned and 
cease, on or before the first day of April 
next; and upon such abandonment and 
ceasing of resistance one-half of said sum 
to be paid, in manner aforesaid and the 
remaining half to be paid only upon the 
amendment of the National Constitution 
recently proposed by Congress becoming 
valid law, on or before the first day of 
July next, by the action thereon of the 
requisite number of States.' 

" 'The adoption of such resolution is 
sought with a view to embody it, with 
other propositions, in a proclamation look- 
ing to peace and reunion. 

" 'Whereas, a joint resolution has been 
adopted by Congress, in the words follow- 
ing, to-wit: 

" 'Now therefore I, Abraham Lincoln, 
President of the United States, do proclaim, 
declare, and make known, that on the 
conditions therein stated, the power con- 
ferred on the Executive in and by said 
joint resolution will be fully exercised; 
that war will cease and armies be reduced 
to a basis of peace; that all political of- 
fenses will be pardoned; that all property, 
except slaves, liable to confiscation or for- 
feiture, will be released therefrom, except 
in cases of intervening interests of third 
parties; and that liberality will be recom- 

mended to Congress upon all points not 
lying within Executive control'." 

"It turned out that he was more 
humane and liberal than his con- 
stitutional advisers. The indorse- 
ment of his own handwriting on 
the manuscript draft of his pro- 
posed message records the result of 
his appeal and suggestion. 

" 'February 5, 1865. Today these 
papers, which explain themselves, were 
drawn up and submitted to the Cabinet 
and unanimously disapproved by them. 
" 'A Lincoln'." 

"The statement of Secretary 
Usher, written many years after- 
ward from memory, also records 
the deep feeling with which the 
President received the non-concur- 
rence of his Executive Council: 
'The members of the Cabinet were 
all opposed. He seemed somewhat 
surprised at that and asked, 'How 
long will the war last?' No one 
answered, but he soon said: 'A 
hundred days. We are spending 
now in carrying on the war three 
millions a day, which will amount 
to all this money, besides all the 
lives.' With a deep sigh he added, 
'But you are all opposed to me, and 
I will not send the message'. "^ — 
Abraham Lincoln, a History; by 
John G. Nicolay and John Hay, 
Volume 10, Chapter 7, pages 132- 

'^ friendly to the Mormon peo- 
ple. When he was a member of 
the legislature he voted for the Nau- 
voo charter. In March, 1840, 
during a political campaign Mr. 
Lincoln wrote a letter in which he 
"gives a long list of names to which 
he wants documents to be sent," 
and in the same letter he tells a 
candidate "that Joseph Smith is an 
admirer of his, and that a few 
documents had better be mailed to 
the Mormon people." 

It is reasonable to believe that 
Lincoln was familiar with the 
political ideals of Joseph Smith and 
that he had read the words in 
which the Mormon leader urged 
that the abolition of slavery be 
brought about by paying a reason- 
able price for the slaves. No doubt 
the humane Emancipator pondered 
these words in his mind and with 
wise magnanimity and justice he 
endeavored to carry out the policy 
which was recommended by the 
Prophet Joseph Smith over twenty- 
four years before the Hampton 
Roads conference was held. 

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The Improvement Era for December, 1933 


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Joseph Smith's wisdom in ad- 
vocating a direct money equivalent 
as compensation for the loss of 
slavery was surpassing; it was of 
divine origin. The adoption of 
the policy recommended by the 

great statesman-prophet would 
have provided an honorable and 
complete deliverance from the Civil 
War with its terrible cost in human 
life and property. 

^ The Power of Truth 

he is so petrified in selfishness as to 
make it impossible. But constantly 
reminding a man of the favors he 
has received from you almost can- 
cels the debt. The care of the 
statistics should be his privilege; 
you are usurping his prerogative 
when you recall them. Merely be- 
cause it has been our good fortune 
to be able to serve some one, we 
should not act as if we held a mort- 
gage on his immortality, and expect 
him to swing the censor of adula- 
tion forever in our presence. 

That which often seems to us to 
be ingratitude, may be merely our 
own ignorance of the subtle phases 
of human nature. Sometimes a 
man's heart is so full of thankful- 
ness that he cannot speak, and in 
the very intensity of his appreci- 
ation, mere words seem to him 
paltry, petty, and inadequate, and 
the depth of the eloquence of his 
silence is misunderstood. Some- 
times the consciousness of his in- 
ability to repay, develops a strange 
pride — genuine gratitude it may be, 
though unwise in its lack of ex- 
pression — a determination to say 
nothing, until the opportunity for 
which he is waiting to enable him 
to make his gratitude an actuality. 
There are countless instances in 
which true gratitude has all the 
semblance of the basest ingratitude, 
as certain harmless plants are made 
by Nature to resemble poison-ivy. 

INGRATITUDE is some one's 
protest that you are no longer 
necessary to him; it is often the ex- 
pression of rebellion at the discon- 
tinuance of favors. People are 
rarely ungrateful until they have 
exhausted their assessments. Pro- 
fuse expressions of gratitude do not 
cancel an indebtedness any more 
than a promissory note settles an 
account. It is a beginning, not a 
finality. Gratitude that is extrav- 
agant in words is usually econom- 
ical in all other expression. 

No good act performed in the 
world ever dies. Science tells us 
that no atom of matter can ever be 
destroyed, that no force once 

Continued from 

page 849 

Started ever ends; it merely passes 
through a multiplicity of ever- 
changing phases. Every good deed 
done to others is a great force that 
starts an unending pulsation 
through time and eternity. We 
may not know it, we may never 
hear a word of gratitude or of rec- 
ognition, but it will all come back 
to us in some form as naturally, as 
perfectly, as inevitably, as echo an- 
swers to sound. Perhaps not as we 
expect it, how we expect it, nor 
where, but sometime, somehow, 
somewhere, it comes back, as the 
dove that Noah sent from the Ark 
returned with its green leaf of 

Let us conceive of gratitude in 
its largest, most beautiful sense, 
that if we receive any kindness we 
are debtor, not merely to one man, 
but to the whole world. As we 
are each day indebted to thousands 
for the comforts, joys, consolations, 
and blessings of life, let us realize 
that it is only by kindness to all 
that we can begin to repay the debt 
to one, begin to make gratitude the 
atmosphere of all our living and a 
constant expression in outward 
acts, rather than in mere thoughts. 
Let us see the awful cowardice and 
the injustice of ingratitude, not to 
take it too seriously in others, not 
to condemn it too severely, but 
merely to banish it forever from 
our own lives, and to make every 
hour of our living the radiation of 
the sweetness of gratitude. 

■\ X fHO of us has not felt at times 
^^ the spontaneous yearnings 
and aspirations incident to our deep 
inborn conviction of life beyond 
death? We may weaken these 
emotions by persistently ignoring 
them; we may effectively stifle them 
by rude force; we may render them 
dormant by the poisonous anodyne 
of false philosophy and the boastful 
pride of man's miscalled wisdom; 
but kill them we can not, for they 
were divinely implanted and are 
deathless. — James E. Talmage of 
the Council of the Twelve. 

The Improvement Era for December, 1933 


^Christ or Santa 
Claus? — 

Continued from 
page 847 

and Jerusalem some two thousand 
years ago. 

Children like stories. Why tell 
them of mythical persons just at 
the period of their lives when their 
minds are the most receptive? What 
a beautiful world this would be if 
all children were brought up with 
beautiful truth and love instead of 
mythical legends, angry words, im- 
patience, intolerance and greed. 


'AN has always had a tendency 
to worship someone above 
him, so why not teach him while 
he is young to worship Jesus 
Christ? If those things a boy or 
girl learns are stable and true, they 
will still be uppermost in the mind 
when he or she has grown to ma- 
turity. With this goes self-respect 
and respect for the teacher. 

Children should be able to 
treasure the dreams bf childhood, 
the ideals and lessons. Can this 
be so if these are shattered by un- 
thinking parents? With their child- 
hood dreams and ideals gone, the 
boys and girls must alter their 
thoughts and form new ideals. 
Why should they learn about their 
divine Brother and take a chance 
that He, too, will vanish to the 
four winds in a few short years? 
Tell them the most beautiful story 
of all time with repetition — and 
believe it yourself. 

Christ is the Emissary Royal of 
the Father. He is the Bridge over 
the chasm of death. He is the 
Stepping Stone to eternal happi- 
ness. He is our Brother. 

^L/'gkts and 
Shadows of the 


Continued from 
page 862 

of provincial life and homely French 
characters do much to heighten interest 
in a very human story. 

The Way to Love (Paramount) : 
Maurice Chevalier and Ann Dvorak. 
A good fellow, befriending stray dogs 
and laughing with life, finds romance 
and happiness. Pleasing, clean com- 
edy, with some gay music. 

For Adults and Young Adults 

Emperor Jones (United Artists) : 
Paul Robeson. The white man's civ- 
ilization grafted on the negro forms 
the basis; the product stands out as 

Only a little over Ic worth 

for a big cake! 


is now sold at the lowest prices in 
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just about l/25tli as much as your 
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grocer carries it. 

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The Improvement Era for December, 1933 

3tiv QII|n0tma0 





By Trebor H. Tims 

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among the best. Robeson's acting and 
singing are unforgettable 

Henry VIII (United Artists): 
Charles Laughton. In spite of the 
frank grossness and 'robust vulgarities' 
of the period depicted, the acting of 
Laughton and the sense of living 
through and in a gorgeous and swift- 
moving period lifts the picture into the 
category of notables. 

College Coach (Warner's) : Ann 
Dvorak, Dick Powell. An expose of 
crooked football management and tac- 
tics. Well-played, exciting, but de- 
cidedly unethical. 

East of Fifth Avenue (Colum- 
bia) : Dorothy Tree, Wallace Ford. 
The story of several lives brought into 
inter-relationship through association 
in a dingy boarding house. Only fair. 
Children would be bored. 

My Woman (Columbia) : Helen 
Twelvetrees, Wallace Ford. Egotistical 
entertainer in cafe in Panama rises to 
dizzy heights as a radio personality 
through sacrifice of his wife. Despite 
certain questionable elements, story is 
fairly well done. 

House on 56th Street (War- 
ner's) : Kay Francis, Gene Raymond, 
Adolphe Mcnjou. Kay Francis gives a 
fine performance through many varied 
and highly emotional episodes, and the 
picture is strong, though somewhat too 

Stage Mother (M.G. M.): An- 
other back-stage tale with Alice Brady 
playing the part of a vaudeville actress 
guarding the bringing up of her daugh- 
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objectionable scene mars an otherwise 
cheerful piece of entertainment. 

Above the Clouds (Columbia) :. 
Tale of two newsreel men, the younger 
of whom takes risks and the older,. 
credit. Moderately interesting. 

Mystery and Crime Pictures: 
From Headquarters, with George Brent 
and Margaret Lindsay; Hold the Press, 
a newspaper story in which the criminal 
element is exposed, with Tim McCoy 
and Shirley Grey; Solitaire Man, which 
is unethical in its solution, but well 
acted; Special Investi^gator, with 
Wynne Gibson and Onslow Stevens, a 
realistic and sympathetic treatment of 
the police and their problems; and 
This Mad Game, a sincere and gripping 
presentation of the grave kidnaping 
problem, with Spencer Tracy. 

The Lost Patrol (R. K. O.): 
Story of English soldiers caught in 
desert. In spite of monotony of theme 
and setting, story is gripping. 

The Woman Spy (R. K.'O,): 

Constance Bennett and Gilbert Roland. 
This is really an excellent picture, with 
romantic scenes and intelligent acting. 
Background of war never becomes more 
than an accompaniment. One objec- 
tionable scene. It may be re-titled 
"After Tonight." 

Female (Warner Bros.): Ruth 
Chatterton and George Brent. Bril- 
liant story of big business woman who 
realizes that something is greater to her 
than wealth and power. Done in a 
worldly-wise way, it will appear very 
sophisticated and modern; lesson good. 

^Dear Dot 

■<o^i^^^ » 

showed every one of a very fine set 
of teeth in his dark head and re- 
peated endlessly, "Twenny-fi' cen' 
lady, twenny-fii' cen'," there was 
nothing to do but give it to him 
and go at our complicated problem 
in division again, Hal had just 
announced that we could spend 
sixty-one and two-thirds cents on 
each victim, if he counted Chump 
out and gave him his slightly dam- 
aged last year's baseball mitt, when 
Katherine (what a fiendish mem- 
ory that child has!) thought of 
Uncle Orson and Aunt Tildy, who 
always send a box of apples and a 
fruit cake, and always get a box 
from Kate. 

Well, I might have taken some 
of the household money, but I had 
planned a real celebration for the 
children and so, noble soul that I 
am, I saw there was nothing for it 
but to sacrifice the money I'd saved 
to get a swell bill- fold for Paul — 
the breaks again for Sue! 

While Paul's name is before the 

Continued from 

page 85 7 

house — I loved the way he didn't 
offer to miss the party because I 
had to. Just "too bad, you have 
to miss the fun, Polly ! Better luck 
next time, etc., etc." Nothing 
about "I'd rather have the mumps 
with you than all the parties in the 
world with Sue!" He's a selfish 
brute, but Boy, that profile! I 
suppose he feared for his beauty if 
the mumps do attack us — which I 
ain't a-worryin' none. 

On second thought I'll spare you 
the details of the shopping trip, 
except to mention that we lost little 
Paul and after a frenzied search 
found him behind the costume 
jewelry counter, carefully filling his 
pockets with glittering gems. The 
girl there gave me several very dirty 
looks and intimated plainly that 
she thought I was training the child 
for a career of crime. Katherine 
and Donald Jr. had a very loud 
and embarrassing argument, ending 
up in physical combat, as to the re- 
spective merits of a book about the 

The Improvement Era for December, 1933 


Bobbsy Twins or a mechanical top 
for Miss Jense-n and there were 
several other events which brought 
us into the public eye in an unfa- 
vorable light and helped to shatter 
my once robust nerves. 

December 21 — Had a lovely 
letter from Sue today, in which she 
fairly gloated, in a sympathetic 
"way, over the fact that I had drop- 
ped out of the race. The minx is 
being generous to a defeated foe, of 
course. I haven't felt subtle enough 
to answer yet. Also received an 
anjfiious volume from Kate, inclos- 
ing a million or so instructions, 
which I intend to ignore. Kate has 
tried her theories out on these chil- 
dren for twelve years without any 
noticeable success. I suppose they 
can survive mine for a couple of 

We hung up the wreaths today, 
and "deckered up" the house, as 
Donald Jr. calls it, and I made 
doughnuts. The doughnuts look 
fine on the outside, but seem rather 
more substantial than any I've met 
before. I'm going to try mince 
pies tomorrow, and maybe plum 
pudding. I want to take the chil- 
dren's minds off the doughnuts. 
The three I ate to test them gave 
me a strange sinking sensation. 

Hoping I will be spared to pur- 
sue the thorny path of duty, I 
remain your loving 

Dear Dot: 



UST a note to let you 
know the worst — though I should 
be sleeping while my patients sleep. 
They've got 'em ! Every last child ! 
On both sides! The snootiest 
bunch of swelled heads you ever 
saw in your life! And cranky! 
Well, I'm mighty glad I've had this 
experience before taking up the 
nursing profession for my life 

I could bear it better if my con- 
science was clear, but it isn't. No, 
it's burdened with a batch of leaden 
doughnuts. I mentioned that I 
made some didn't I? And that 
they weren't at all like the cook 
book said they'd be? At that, they 
were elegant compared to the mince 
pies. I hope I know how to admit 
failure, and I'll frankly confess 
those pies weren't like the ones 
Mother used to make. I've lost 
interest in the plum pudding. 
Don't care if I live out my three 


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The Improvement Era for December, 1933 





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score and ten without one plum 
pudding to my credit. I'm con- 
vinced Kate's cook book must be 
out of date. Anyway, the recipes 
don't turn out anything they're 
eating in the best circles now. 

But to get back to the scene of 
the crime. I had finished my bak- 
ing and put the incriminating re- 
sults away in the pantry and was 
upstairs wrapping packages, when 
the gang discovered those outrages 
and proceeded to sample them. 
Thank goodness, Hal knew better 
than to let the baby have any ! 
I suspected the truth when none of 
them but Paul wanted any supper 
and all went silently off to bed 
with suspicious willingness. So I 
investigated and missed an awful 
lot of my Christmas pastry right 
off the bat. Well, right then and 
there, I got a queer feeling way 
down in the pit of my stomach. 
(Not the kind the doughnuts 
caused.) I'm awfully psychic, you 
know — and tip-toed in to look at 
my victims. Sure enough, they 
didn't look right. All but the 
baby seemed to me to have a sickly, 
greenish tinge of countenance, and 
he was unusually flushed, and toss- 
ing his little arms restlessly. 

I crept back and wrapped pack- 
ages and wrote cards for two or 
three hours, too nervous to go to 
bed. About eleven o'clock I went 
into their rooms for another look. 

Imagine my feelings. Dot, to find 
them all burning with fever! I 
flew to the telephone and gave the 
number Kate had given me in case 
I needed the doctor. After a mad- 
dening wait a woman's voice an- 
swered peevishly. She had me 
shout out my story twice — claimed 
she couldn't understand the first 
time, I was so excited — and then 
informed me coldly that the doctor 
didn't go out nights any more. He 
was too old. 

"I'm afraid I answered rather 
pertly that if I'd only known that, 
I'd have had the children come 
down with their mumps in the 
daytime, but it was too late now. 
My caustic remark was lost, how- 
ever, because Mrs. Doctor was talk- 
ing all the time. I just got, " — 
maybe he'd go." "Who's that?" 
I asked eagerly . ' 'Why, this fellow 
I was telling you about! They 
say he's a pretty good doctor." I 
could hear her sniff over the phone. 
She doubtless thinks her old sleepy- 
head is the only doctor worth 
while. "You know Dr. Martin is 

out of town," she added, "or he'd 
be the one to get." "What's this 
other one's name?" I gasped, and 
she snapped that it was West or 
something, and he was visiting the 
Dyers, and hung up. 

I had to hunt frantically in the 
directory for the Dyers, There were 
three of them and of course the last 
one was it. I wouldn't have been 
so flustered if I'd thought it was 
mumps, pure and simple, but how 
did I know they were not all dying 
of acute indigestion? 

Yes, the right Dyer said, his 
cousin, Dr. Weston, was visiting 
him, but he was at a party. He 
hated to call him. He never went 
out on cases like this, anyway. I 
sort of went to pieces then about 
the doctors in North Eastman all 
being afraid of the dark, and must 
have said a plenty, for friend Dyer 
changed his mind and called his 
cousin. I was presently switched 
to the party and recited my troubles 
again. I had got it down to quite 
an interesting monologue by this 
time, and could feel (some more 
psychic stuff) that the doctor was 
really impressed. He promised to 
come at once and almost at once he 
was here. He pronounced their 
malady mumps but said gravely 
their condition may have been ag- 
gravated by something they had 
eaten. This was evident even to 
me, for while I had been telephon- 
ing, both Maudie and Donald Jr. 
had demonstrated, unmistakably, 
that their stomachs were upset. 
Well, the next ghastly half-hour 
is better imagined than described, 
but at last it was over and I was 
saved from a murderer's fate. 

They all went back to sleep then 
and though they were feverish and 
restless didn't seem in so much 
pain, but even then Dr. Weston 
seemed in no hurry to go. Just sat 
and talked for an hour or so. And 
he was so sympathetic that before 
I realized it I had told him every- 
thing I knew, practically. If there 
was anything I forgot I'll probably 
tell him next time, because he's that 

But he's not handsome like Paul, 
Really has quite an enormous nose. 
Sort of distinguished, though, only 
years older than Paul. 

By the way, how do matters 
stand now between Sue and Paul? 
Yours wearily, 

The Improvement Era for December, 1933 


December 27, 

Dear Dot: 

Excuse this pencil- 
ed scrawl, also any pessimistic re- 
marks that may creep in, for pal 
Polly is a suffering woman. Dot 
— I've got them, too! Both sides 
- — and look perfectly hideous! I 
wouldn't mind being sick if I could 
look interesting, but mumps! 

The funny thing is, I haven't 
had time to get them from these 
children and must have been ex- 
posed before. And if that's what 
the little Patterson girl had, then 
Sue is exposed, too! Because we 
were there together. But believe 

it or not, I wouldn't wish the 
mumps onto even Sue! No, 

though she'd undoubtedly lose 
Paul if he saw her looking any- 
thing like I look now ! Why, Dot, 
Willie Marnes with the toothache 
was Miss America compared to me ! 
And hurt! I know now, these 
poor children are absolute angels, 
even Maudie! Just wait till I see 
Donald. I'll tell him a thing or 
two about the mumps being noth- 

One consolation is that the chil- 
dren are getting better. The baby 
has a very light case and the others 
aren't so bad, now. Dr. Weston 
got us a practical nurse, who is a 
darling old soul, and makes them 
think being sick at Christmas time 
is quite a lark. 

I put up the tree in Hal's and 
Donald's room because they were 

the sickest, and took the little girls 
and the baby in to see it and get 
their things on Christmas morn- 
ing. We had quite a jollification 
for a while, but somehow I was 
feeling far from well, myself, and 
when Dr. Weston came about ten 
o'clock he broke the dreadful news 
that I was mumpish too, and sent 
me off to bed. 

And speaking of angels, there 
he is now. I can hear him talking 
to the children. But I'm going to 
add this- — he's certainly been an 
angel to us. When it comes to go- 
ing to a strange town for a visit, 
and then giving up all the festiv- 
ities to take care of a houseful of 
cranky mumpsters, whom one had 
never even seen before, that shows 
character. And that's just what 




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The Improvement Era for December, 1933 

Dr. Alex Weston hasn't got noth- 
ing else but. His face shows it. 
So much more distinguished than 
Paul Rockwell's, I think. Paul's 
nose is far too small to denote any 
character whatever. Sue will have 
to make all the important decisions 
in that family. Or whoever Paul 
marries, I mean. 

And how did your Christmas 
pass off? I was sitting under the 
mistletoe with a young man at the 
same time you were, I imagine, but 
the mistletoe had been tied to the 
bedpost by Hal the day we deco- 
rated, and the young man was rub- 
bing my jaws with liniment in- 
stead of kissing me. 

The strange thing was I couldn't 
keep my mind on all the fun I was 
missing, but kept wondering if I 
looked as ridiculous as the children 
and how long I'd look this way. 
Oh, yes, the doctor has beautiful 
teeth and a deeply cleft chin, and 
here he comes to take my temper- 

Mumpishly yours, 
December 29. 
Dear Dot: 

Kate and Donald 
will be home tonight on the ten- 
ten. Won't they be surprised at 
what they'll find? For we haven't 
said a word about the mumps. 
They telegraphed greetings on 
Christmas morning and I sent one 
back, and have written a card or 
two, but Dr. Weston said there was 
no necessity for spoiling their trip. 
And there wasn't with him here. 

I can't start to tell you how 
wonderful he has been. And Dot, 
he's quite a person, really. He's 
on his way now to a big practice 
out west and the nurse tells me he 
is very well known in medical cir- 
cles, and specializes in some sort of 
spinal disorders — and is my face 
red when I think how I insisted he 
put in his holidays nursing us all 
through the mumps! 

And now. Dot dear, I've got to 
make a confession. It's surely un- 
grateful when you say you've been 
doing everything in your power to 
keep Paul and Sue apart. I hate to 
think that you practically spent the 
holidays vamping Paul to keep Sue 
from getting him away from me, 
because. Dot — I can't even remem- 
ber how Paul looks ! Honest, every 
time I shut my eyes and try to pic- 
ture him I see Dr. Weston, instead! 
And, oh. Dot, that's a worth-while 

sight! I really think I've out- 
grown Paul, sort of. I'm begin- 
ning to admire the strong rugged 
type of man — older men, you 
know. Paul has such a kiddish 
look, don't you think? And Dr. 
Weston's profile — but I'm not go- 
ing to rave like Sue does. Only I 
don't feel any enmity toward Sue 
any more. Let her have Paul if 
she wants him, or let anyone else 
who admires that type. 
Best love, 

p. s. — I failed to tell you that 
I'm practically unswelled already, 
and though I'm delighted to begin 
to look like something human 
again, I hate to have the doctor's 
pleasant calls come to an end. He 
told me today that his vacation is 
over tomorrow, and how he hates 
to leave North Eastman, and th^ 

look he gave me when he said it 
gave me the strangest sensation — 
you know how psychic I am — . 

Well, darling, Polly wants a 
cracker, now, and here comes the 
doctor — not the nurse, mind you 
— but the distinguished specialist, 
with a string of letters after his 
name like the tail to a kite, bringing 
Polly both soup and crackers! So, 
bye-bye, dearie, I'll be seein' you, 
and then we'll tell it all! 

Best love to Sue and all the rest. 

To Miss Dorothy Bellair, 
Centrapolis, O. 

Mr. and Mrs. Donald McDonald 

announce the marriage 

of their sister 

Polly Anne Parrish 


Alex Marchmont Weston, M. D. 

June First, Nineteen Thirty-one 

The Art of Giving 

By Alice A. Keen 

'"pO "forgive and forget" is an ac- 
■*■ knowledged great virtue; but to 
"give and forget," although related to 
more mundane affairs, is also a good 
rule to follow in human relationships. 
Giving is a very human and express- 
ive gesture. It may be made on im- 
pulse in a moment of overflowing 
generosity, or it may be the consequence 
of long and careful consideration. But 
in any event, in order for it to be a 
real beneficence, an act of love, it 
should be free and clear with no back- 
ward-leading strings attached to it of 


By Chas. Elden Ingram 

J) ET RAY ED are those I love — I've 
^ failed, 

And, worst of all, I've lied; 
Through troubled waters I have sailed, 

And there's much that I must hide. 

For very lazy I have been-— 

Let precious hours fly - — - 
But, though 'tis late, the fight I'll win, 

I'll do it yet, or die! 

Then square your shoulders, raise your 

And strike out for the Right, 
The past you'll bury, for 'tis dead, 

The future's glorious bright! 

any sort. That which once was youcs 
is now entirely the possession of some- 
one else and it is not for you to advise, 
suggest, or even appear to notice with 
very much interest how it is used. 

It is this way — ^you see. Your 
friends are apt to feel a bit sensitive 
about accepting gifts whether they be 
money, things, or favors. Do not, 
then, press on the sore spot by letting 
them see how very self -satisfied you feel 
because you, in your superior position, 
were able to help them. If you do 
indulge in such self-righteousness, be- 
fore you know it you will be watching 
for signs of gratitude from your bene- 
ficiary — in fact, rather expecting them 
as your due, and even throwing out 
gentle hints that they should be forth- 
coming. You will begin to feel that 
what you have done has given you the 
right to expect gratitude and to give 

Now — you may be sure that the one 
you have favored will feel this little 
undercurrent of possessive interest and 
that he will resent it. And why not? 
No one likes to feel inferior, nor does 
one like those who make him feel that 

So — if you would be loved by man- 
kind, when you give do not let the 
idea creep into your consciousness that 
you have, by your generosity, pur- 
chased a kind of life share in your 
friend's afl'airs; but "give and forget." 
Let the good deed speak for itself with 
no additional word or thought from 



^^Ln^Jw ^iaigp- jolnvA^OvoxAl 


WE'RE so proud of the cover this month that we are 
going to tell you how it was made. We wanted 
something different and Christmasy, so we talked to our 
artist a long time ago. Editors must live in the future a few 
months, you know, and so must writers if they are going 
to hit the "hot" markets. We had a great many ideas, but 
finally the artist thought of this one. He drew it first. 
Then we went over to the Temple Square and got Brother 
Nauman to find a limb on a pine tree that needed amputating. 
We borrowed a silver candlestick from a Salt Lake jeweler, 
we bought a ten cent candle, Mr. March of the engraving 
company cut the letters "E R A" out of wood. With these 
in hand we, the artist and the editors, waited 
upon a commercial photographer who has an 

eye for lights and shadows. We grouped every- 

thing except "The Improvement." and "Merry BB^"'^'C 

Christmas" and had the set-up photographed. %^^ <«&«, 

There is art in the old camera, provided it can &M^^Tf/' 
be seen first by the mind that directs the camera. 


"Hyrum, Utah, Oct. 30, 1933. 

DEAR Editors: I am sending some scraps, 
(and to cover the intrusion, enclose also a 
return envelope) which I do hope merit your 
reading. You see, the trouble is I don't know 
yet whether I can write poetry or not. What 
CO you think, please? 

"Yes ( ). No ( ). Mark X in correct space. 

"Wouldn't it be nice if all would-be poets could be so 

"Of all the material in the Era, splendid as it is, I am 
afraid I like your poetry page best. So you see I would not 
have you accept my contributions too readily. 

"Yours sincerely, 

"(Mrs.) V. L.N." 

We're not going to say how we marked her letter, 
but if you'll look in a forthcoming number of the mag- 
azine you may find the secret of those initials. By the 
way, we can't resist calling the attention of the ladies to the 
fact that she was thoughtful enough to put that (Mrs.) 
before her name. Some ladies, bless their hearts, are so modest 
they sign with an initial and leave us to guess the sex, or 
they sign with their full name without informing us of their 
state of bliss. 


"Pocatello, Idaho, Oct. 21, 1933. 
T^EAR Sister Brandley: * * * We miss your review 
-L^ and classification of the movies in the Era. I voice the 
sentiment of our Junior Girls as well as many other readers, 
when I ask, 'Won't you please give us "Lights and Shadows 
on the Screen," again.' We thoroughly enjoy the many 
splendid up-to-date topics we get in the Eva, but the movie 
fans miss the page which helped them choose their show. 


"L. B. M." 
Turn to the page of "Lights and Shadows" in this issue 
and answer the questions asked — we really want to know. 


"Santa Clara, October 20, 1933. 

I LOVE the Era. Would not be without it. We sure enjoy 
it. God bless the efforts of the brethren producing such 
a wonderful magazine. 


"F. R." 
He should have asked the blessing of the Lord upon the 
sisters, too. The Improvement Era is for both sexes and is 
made by both sexes. We hope all of our splendid contrib- 

utors will share in these blessings, for it is they who make 
the Era. 


"September 25, 1933, Mittweida i/Sa. 
"Echlitzerstr, 15, Germany. 
T HAVE finally yielded to my desire to pass my comments 
-*- upon the Era. I have just finished the September issue 
(they come late to us here) and found the contents to be 
very meaty. 

"The Era has in the last two years improved in all depart- 
ments each number. President Hinckley has greatly imjiroved 
his style and wording. His entire series has 
interested me deeply. I read them first because 
of their great subject appeal. The last one is the 
bst by far. Not that the subject was far better, 
I make no distinction there, but the literary 
quality has advanced. The Readers Digest has 
long been my ideal as a magazine, but I find 
the Era creeping up on my 'ideal.' The Era with 
Its wonderful religious content, of course, puts it 
in a class by itself. 'As the World Spins' is a 
beneficial addition of the needed type. The 
covers are superb. * * * 

"Sincerely withing you and the staff greater 
improvement and success, I remain, 

"Sincerely yours, E. L. G." 

WE will have a great art expression only when our 
people wake up and patronize our own creative artists. 
The gospel should speak from our church walls, interpreted 
by Latter-day Saint artists. But we cannot ask artists and 
musicians to give their gifts free until we have bread and 
rent as well as art." 

"M. F." 


IF you are going to bind your Improvement Eras for this 
year remember you will, upon application, receive a 
complete index of the volume free. We are advising that 
you place the November and December numbers in your 
193 3 volume this year. Hereafter the volume will begin 
in January. By the way, we have some innovations in 
mind. Watch for them. 


"Burley, Idaho, Oct. 10, 1933. 

IN the last Era, 1 liked 'Boys,' by Ida Rees, very much, 
that contest of what makes a 100% person, is certainly 
clever and interesting. 

"A friend recently showed me a 1932 Era, and the articles 
and stories were so interesting that I borrowed it to read. 
Now I realize what I've been missing. 
"Best wishes for continued success. 


"F. M. McB." 


IN the October number we published an idea by Parnell 
Hinckley — "Foundations For Happiness." We have had response, but not nearly enough. We'd like several 
hundred replies if we could get them. Will you not play 
with us in this interesting game of evaluation? Send your 
reply in today while you think of it. Mr. Hinckley is 
willing to tabulate as many as come in. One man and his 
wife both answered, evaluating each other. You try it. 
Make it a game. 

Heber J. Grant 
A. W. Iviiis 
J. Reuben Clack, Jr 
Geo. J. Cannon 
E. T. Ralphs 
Jos. F. Smith 
fl. F. Grant 
David 0. McKav 
A. B. C. Ofilson 

'S / ^^- 

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