(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The Improvement Era"

M 71»*ri% SsMM 




The IMPROVEMENT 




July, 1952 



A lew Significant lame . . . 

Effective July 1st, the name of this bank will be changed to 

of Salt Lake City 

The new name does not in any way change the ownership, 
management, or policies of the bank, but it does carry with it a 
promise that we will strive to live up to everything that is implied 
in the new title, "First National Bank." 

Through more than sixty-three years of beneficial service to a 
host of personal and corporate customers in Salt Lake City and the 
West, this bank has become Utah's largest independent bank doing 
business in one location. We solicit your continued confidence and 
patronage. 



'»* 



OlD CLOCK CORNfR 



S#Af 



k 



<* 



l 



I 



JSgi 



vi- 



nr!3 






Officers 

David O. McKay - 
Orval W. Adams • 
Stephen L Richards 
J, Reuben Clark, Jr 
Lane W. Adams « 
R. S. Hayes - - 
Alvin C. Strong - 
A. J. Schoenhals - 
Jos. E. Boud • • 



- - - President 
Executive Vice Pres. 

■ - Vice President 
• Vice President 

■ - V ice President 

■ • Vice President 
Asst. Vice President 
Vice Pres. & Cashier 

• - Asst. Cashier 



W. Jarrold Bow ring - - Asst. Cashier 
David Cooke - Auditor 



FORMERLY 




* 



* .•* 



m 



II. 






tffMDfl FIRST NATIONAL BANK 



MAIN AT FIRST SOUTH 



SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH 



Member Federal Reserve System • Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 

Total Assets: #98,464,5 06.25 — March 31, 1952 





By DR. FRANKLIN S. HARRIS, JR. 



HP he Library of Congress in Washing- 
■*■ ton D. C, receives currently about 
40,000 technical journals which print 
about 2,900,000 articles on science and 
technology a year. 

"np'HE English language is changing 
•*- rapidly and becoming simple ac- 
cording to studies of Professor Joshua 
Whatmough. At 1000 A. D. there were 
about 330 "strong" verbs, for example, 
sing, sang, sung, but now there are 
only about 95, and if the present trend 
continues, by about 2800 A. D. verbs 
will all be "weak" and regular, so that 
we shall conjugate them sing, singed, 
singed. 

HPhe average evaporation of all oceans 
•*■ each year is equivalent to a layer 
of water about a yard deep over the 
entire ocean area. There is over five 
times as much total evaporation from 
the oceans, 334,000 cubic kilometers 
each year, as there is from land, and 
only 11 percent of the sea evaporation 
comes from runoff from the land, but 
62 percent of the rainfall on the land 
(99,000 cubic kilometers) comes from 
water evaporated from the land, the 
rest from sea evaporation. For com- 
parison the capacity of Lake Mead 
above Hoover Dam holds 45 cubic 
kilometers. 

Tnteresting recent experiments with 
the spraying of sugar solutions on 
leaves have found it aids the growth 
of vegetables and tomato transplanting. 
A 10 percent sugar in water solution 
spray applied to tomato plants before 
transplanting cuts down plant loss and 
faster recovery occurs. Growing tomato 
plants when placed in darkness be- 
cause of their running out of sugar stop 
growing in 30-40 hours. If the plants 
have their leaves immersed in a 10 
percent sugar solution for a few min- 
utes they will keep on growing for 
about a week, even in complete dark- 
ness. Other experiments have shown 
that lighting young cucumber plants 
with mercury vapor lamps for two 
months, then applying sugar twice a 
week for three weeks, produced a fine 
harvest of cucumbers. 

JULY 1952 



Treat your family to 



Gr1 



3 



a !>> 



If57x- 



cflnoy TOPPED COOKIES 





cookies or more in 
every box . . . cost 
only ab lit 10y a dozen! 



Crunchy, cinnamon-flavored Snookies are loaded 
with rich creamery butter and fresh eggs. And they're 
generously sprinkled with gaily-colored cinnamon 
candies — red, yellow, green, white, purple. 



PURITY BISCUIT COMPANY 



Salt Lake 



Pocafello 



Phoenix 



489 



IT'S NEW 




Do you waste time on the phone? 

Can you conveniently make appointments? 

Is time at your fingertips? 

Don't miss that important engage- 
ment because you are tied up on the 
phone and time gets away from you. 

IHE F0N0CR0N 

Will solve these problems. 

It's a 17-jewel, swiss movement, shock- 
proof watch which can be attached to 
any phone. 

* FOR THE HOME 

* FOR BUSINESS 

* AS A GIFT 

Buy it Manual Operation. ...$24.95 

Apply it. Automatic Wind $34.95 

SAVE TIME. 

G-E-M MANUFACTURING CO. 

250 West 6700 South 
Bountiful, Utah 



M0& 



^ 



a. 



Announcements from the 
pulpit are often ileeting 
and easily forgotten. Let 
there be no question in 
ycur ward as to schedule of services, 
special events and outings. Install an 
attractive bulletin board from Salt Lake 
Stamp, and your announcements will be 
unmistakably clear. For that ward gift, 
what could be more practical than a 
BULLETIN BOARD from Salt Lake Stamp. 
Write for catalog sheet showing models 
and prices. 

BULLETIN BOARDS 

from 

rSalt Lake Stamp 

' COMPANY ■ 

42</ 2 West Third South 
Salt Lake City, Utah 



Please send catalog sheet showing 
Bulletin Board models and prices. 

Name 

Address Ward 

City State 



INTERNAL REVENUE 



HThe sixteenth amendment to the Con- 
stitution of the United States was 
promulgated February 25, 1913. Its 
language is simple: "The Congress shall 
have power to lay and collect taxes on 
incomes, from whatever source derived, 
without apportionment among the sev- 
eral states, and without regard to any 
census or enumeration." (Ital. author's.) 

Its effect today is seen to have been 
almost revolutionary. Every individual, 
infant or adult, male or female, earning 
a gross income of six hundred dollars 
or more is required to file a return with 
the Bureau of Internal Revenue, United 
States Treasury Department. By means 
of the income tax, on both individuals 
and corporations, the national govern- 
ment of the United States has become 
the single biggest factor in the national 
economy, in state and local government 
at home, and in politics and economics 
in western Europe and 
many other areas. 

Wonderful things are 
accomplished and ma- 
nipulated under the eco- 
nomic weight of the 
income tax. The scan- 
dals of 1951 merely re- 
veal the old truth that 
flies follow honey. The 
biggest stakes in many 
enterprises today are found in deduc- 
tions: "business expenses," "expenses 
away from home," "losses from bad 
debt," and other "opportunities" pre- 
sented by law. Some have found it 
profitable, doubly profitable, to make 
"loans" for political campaigns. Such 
loans open doors in making friends and 
influencing people. When the loans 
are not repaid, a deduction for "bad 
debts" has been taken, which may then 
reduce the "lender's" income tax to the 
extent that it has been "profitable." 
Tax angles represent the most oppor- 
tune means to conserve income for 
many persons with talent and "enter- 
prise." 

The phenomena reflect the role that 
big government, eclipsing its historic 
predecessors (big business, big agri- 
culture, and big labor), plays in modern 
life. It is also well to remember that 
this expanded role is not due alone to 
federal aid to states, social security, 
farm subsidies, tariffs, and regulation. 
War is the insatiable giant that con- 
sumes taxable wealth and creates the 
necessity for rising taxes. As Senator 
Paul H. Douglas of Illinois has wisely 
said, "It is the warfare world, rather 
than the welfare state, that explains 
much of our heavy tax burden." 

Meantime it may be well to know that 
under the heavy pressure of people with 




490 



By DR. G. HOMER DURHAM 

Head of Political Science Department, 
University of Utah 



sharp economic motives, the Bureau of 
Internal Revenue, on the whole, does 
a pretty good job and contains some 
excellent people. 



Occasionally I receive letters from 
one agent, stationed in an important 
city of the United States, a devoted 
reader of these columns and an up- 
standing member of the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is evi- 
dent that these loyal public servants, 
in the course of duty, get a view of the 
tax returns of the American people per- 
mitted to only a few — everything from 
the short forms of news- 
boys to the "1040s" with 
appended worksheets of 
the wealthier citizen. 

Following, for human 
interest, are a couple of 
cases (disguised and 
modified so as to con- 
form to the law which 
prohibits him from re- 
vealing data) that may 
help all of us appreciate some of the 
human angles, as well as the economic, 
involved in the income tax. 

Into a collector's office around one 
March 15 came a form 1040A, made up 
and sent in by a young woman, ob- 
viously the sweetheart of the taxpayer, 
but the form contained no signature — 
required by law. It was returned to 
the addressee for completion. Months 
passed. Then one day, the identical 
form turned up, complete with tax- 
payer's signature. It was faded and 
creased; had evidently seen the inside 
of pants' pockets for some time in some 
unusual circumstances; in fact, it looked 
as if it had been in rainstorms. The 
form, as it came to the collector's desk, 
was clipped to an "Air Mail" envelope 
which in turn was clipped to another 
one, bearing in the cancellation spot 
the words "Korea." This latter enve- 
lope was stained with yellow from the 
1040A. A note, too, was attached in 
the young feminine hand of the sweet- 
heart. Addressing the collector: "Please, 
you won't think too hard of him for 
the delay, will you? You see he was 
wounded and in the hospital for 
awhile." 

Another mail brought a return from 
a person we shall call George Bones; 
wife, Sarah Bones, children, Henry 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Bones, William Bones, Samuel Bones, 
Fred Bones, Herman Bones (7 exemp- 
tions). Total wages reported, $676.49. 
($76.49 over the minimum, therefore a 
report required). No withholding tax 
or form. The wife did not sign the 
return (possibly at the "hospital" — ex- 
pecting?). Occupation of George Bones: 
Cat-skinner. Employers various. 

Wrote my correspondent: "My first 
thought was a quotation from Ezekiel: 

'And he said unto me, Son of man, can 
these hones live?' " 

A man and his wife and five little 
children: $676.49. 

"Son of man, can these bones live?" 
Not as most of the readers of this 
column live, but probably in near- 
princely style compared with hordes of 
poverty-stricken Asiatics, now stirring. 

I have suggested to my friend in the 
bureau that upon retirement he should 
consider writing the Great American 
Novel, as reflected in the income tax 
returns of these times. And against a 
world backdrop, even George Bones 
would be seen living in a hemisphere 
in "a land which is choice above all 
the lands of the earth." (Ether 1:42.) 



SCOUTING BUILDS 
SPIRITUALLY 

by D. L. Roberts 

MEMBER Y.M.M.I.A. GENERAL BOARD 
DIRECTOR MORMON RELATIONSHIPS BSA 

Scouting, which has been a part of 
the program of the Church for 
our boys, through the Young 
Men's Mutual Improvement Associa- 
tion for thirty-nine years, has pro- 
jected a great three year program. 
The program was inaugurated Janu- 
ary 1, 1952 and continues until 
December 31, 1954. It has a slogan, 
"Forward on Liberty's Team," and 
its purpose is to help strengthen 
America through a plan of giving to 
the boys of America the very best 
possible scouting program. 

Among the things emphasized in 
the three year program, are the fol- 
lowing items: 

THE BOY 

Forward in personal fitness 
Forward in skills for living 
Forward in the faith of his fathers 

OUR MOVEMENT 

Forward in its community foundations 
Forward in its adventuresome program 
Forward in its devoted leadership 

{Concluded on page 494) 
JULY 1952 



m 



NOW IN BOOK FORM 

...THOSE RICHLY INSPIRED ARTICLES OF THE 
IMPROVEMENT ERA THAT PROVIDE A NEW 
INSIGHT INTO THE BOOK OF MORMON 











HUGH NIBLEY 



It's the Book Thousands have asked lor 
...the Book Thousands have wanted! 

NOW available in book form . . . two of the most interesting 
series ever to run in The Improvement Era. It is with pride 
that we offer this brilliant reconstruction of an era in history 
never before explored. With vivid characterizations, Dr. Nibley 
provides a priceless account of the lives of the peoples before 
their westward journey from the Asiatic lands to America. 
Here is really a powerful witness to the truth of the Book of 
Mormon and is precious to leaders of the latter-day faith. 
It has already been selected as one of the three proposed texts 
for the M.I. A. Special Interest Class for the coming year. 




PATRONIZE YOUR LOCAL 
BOOK DEALER 



$ 2 



25 



Bootfeofl 



1186 SOUTH M/V1IM 

Salt Lake City4,utah 



wmm0 

491 




IMPROVEMENT 



Editors: DAVID 0. McKAY - JOHN A. WIDTSOE - RICHARD L. EVANS 

Managing Editor: DOYLE L. GREEN 

Associate Managing Editor: MARBA C. JOSEPHSON 

Manuscript Editor: ELIZABETH J. MOFFITT - Research Editor: ALBERT L. 

ZOBELL, JR. - "Today's Family" Editor: BURL SHEPHERD 

Contributing Editors: ARCHIBALD F. BENNETT - G. HOMER DURHAM 

FRANKLIN S. HARRIS, JR. - HUGH NIBLEY - LEE A. PALMER 

CLAUDE B. PETERSEN - SIDNEY B. SPERRY 

General Manager: ELBERT R. CURTIS - Associate Manager: BERTHA S. REEDER 

Business Manager: JOHN D. GILES - Advertising Director: VERL F. SCOTT 

Subscription Director: A. GLEN SNARR 



The Editor's Page 

"Choose You" President David O. McKay 501 

Church Features 

Evidences and Reconciliations — Is War Ever Justified? 

- John A, Widtsoe 502 

The World of the Jaredites — Conclusion ...Hugh Nibley 510 

Melchizedek , , , King of Salem Charles E. Haggerty 512 

The Hearts of the Children Emma Dunn King 516 



The Church Moves On 496 

Melchizedek Priesthood 530 

Tobacco, An Evil Influence, Keith 



M. Walker 531 

Presiding Bishopric's Page 532 



Special Features 



In God We Trust Marion G. Romney 504 

Keys Harrald Stevens Alvord 507 

The Era's March of Progress Continues John D. Giles 518 

The Spoken Word From Temple Square 

..Richard L, Evans 524, 528, 536, 546, 549 

Exploring the Universe, Franklin Roberts _ 491 

S. Harris, Jr ..489 What People Want, George P. 

These Times — Internal Revenue, Barker 506 

G. Homer Durham 490 On the Bookrack 515 

Scouting Builds Spiritually, D. L. Your Page and Ours 552 

Today's Family 

What is the Best Age for Mar- 
riage? Rex A. Skidmore ...540 

Handy Hints 541 

Glorifying the Milk Can — 

You Can Do It, Mildred McKen- 



zie 



...542 

Summer Supper for a Crowd ....543 

Color in Bedrooms, A. D. Mac- 
Ewen 545 



Stories, Poetry 

Fourth of July Mary E. Winchell 508 

Millie's New Bonnet Leona Bammes Gardner 511 

Evelyn Fixed the Wheel Isabelle W* Anderson 517 

Frontispiece, The Desert is Magic, Sun-Day, Elizabeth Travis Martin..5l6 

Grace Barker Wilson 499 Homecoming, Elaine V. Emans . .551 

Poetry Page ...500 



Kjfficial Lsraan of 

THE PRIESTHOOD QUORUMS, 
MUTUAL IMPROVEMENT ASSOCIA- 
TIONS, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCA- 
TION, MUSIC COMMITTEE, WARD 
TEACHERS, AND OTHER AGENCIES 
OF 

^Jke L^kufck of 

/jeiwi L^kridt 

or oLatter-dau J^ainti 



~Jke C-c 



over 



The cover this month is reproduced in 
full color from an original oil painting by 
Arnold Friberg drawn especially for The 
Improvement Era. 

The artist's assignment was two-fold: 
(1) to show the M.I.A. family, and (2) 
to illustrate the theme for 1952-53, "Be 
thou an example of the believers, in word, 
in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in 
faith, in purity." (1 Timothy 4:12.) 



492 



EDITORIAL AND BUSINESS OFFICES 
50 North Main Street 

Y.M.M.I.A. Offices, 50 North Main St. 
Y.W.M.I.A. Offices, 40 North Main St. 

Salt Lake City 1, Utah 



Copyright 1952 by Mutual Funds, Inc., a Corpora- 
tion of the Young Men's Mutual Improvement 
Association of the Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints. All rights reserved. Sub- 
scription price, $2.50 a year, in advance; foreign 
subscriptions, $3.00 a year, in advance; 25c 
single copy. 

Entered at the Post Office, Salt Lake City, Utah, 
as second-class matter. Acceptance for mailing 
at special rate of postage provided for in section 
1103, Act of October 1917, authorized July 2, 
1918. 

The Improvement Era is not responsible for un- 
solicited manuscripts, but welcomes contributions. 
All manuscripts must be accompanied by sufficient 
postage for delivery and return. 



Change of Address 

Fifteen days' notice required for change of ad- 
dress. When ordering a change, please include 
address slip from a recent issue of the magazine. 
Address changes cannot be made unless the old 
address as well as the new one is included. 



National Advertising Representatives 



EDWARD S. TOWNSEND COMPANY 

Russ Building 

San Francisco, California 

HENRY G. ESCHEN, 

EDWARD S. TOWNSEND COMPANY 

1324 Wilshire Blvd. 

Los Angeles 17, California 

SADLER AND SANGSTON ASSOCIATES 

342 Madison Ave. 

New York 17, N. Y. 

RAY H. DAVIS 

30 N. LaSalle St. 

Chicago, Illinois 

Member, Audit Bureau of Circulations 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



The Deseret News offers 

INFORMATION 

and 

ENTERTAINMENT 



for your reading pleasure 



THE NEWS 

By V/VfAKt i,-.._ 



Mmm 



ii\" 



American Dinlnm. ^ - — 5±=cL_ 

'n This Week's F ^ f °«^«l*t 
5*5Sft2r*£S*: '" Germany '' 

^^gsari fife." 1 * ^«-«-Z*;i 

tern n^ m „.. " g _ Berlin w th ur„. As th„ c 



, fhe road Jinking aJrr PatroIs ° n l 

tern Gernianv n lln «"*& Wes As these on „« 

^.o/St at eAc C h e esonT„ J i 1 '. S ^e.| 



- . wu Jinking- FWr ^"""^ 01 
}f« Germany^ o ne rff ^ th *<* 
Kfence is very SP l ay tinier- 
da y there u / se vere. 



d *y tter e ijT Seve «- Mother I ""* ^fflSff C ° me ^ Sec"' 
fail. * "0 »te«fe« n ^Jf to Eure ^:^™f on'hi, 6 ^ 



Leadership And 
Leadership Week 

IT HAS BEEN said that no great 
man ever questioned his own 
ability. He knows he is great or 
he wouldn't be 
great. He does 
not go around 
bragging about 
h i s greatness. 
He just figures 
that's the way it 
is, and there is 
nothing he can 
do about it. 
Yet, every 
great man has a streak of ego- 
tism in him which he curbs 
by boasting about some skill 
other than the one in which he 
excels. 

k Lefty Gomez, the old super- 
Jiuthpaw of the New York Yan- 
during his best season as a 
ier, batted out only one base 
triple To this very day his 
hr ...;iever heard the last 
feat. 

f&JVANT was 
the Utah 
fie 






LES GO 



rated over gr&at artists like 
Robert Casadesus, Rudolph 
Serkin and even your own 
Grant Johanessen. You know, 
actually some of these fellows 
are even better than I am, in 
certain things " 
A well-known Utah musician 
was asked how come Maurice 
Abravanel had been able to ac- 
complish such wonders with the 
Utah Symphony Orchestra to 
such an extent that he has been 
able to hold vast audiences spell- 
bound, even breathless, 

"LEADERSHIP," was his an- 
swer, "the personality of a 
great leader. Abravanel inspires 
the players with a great fire. To 
us his stubby baton is a magic 
wand. We play our hearts out to 
perform the piece just as he 
wants it. It's a privilege to play 
for the maestro, but it can be 
summed up in one word — leader- 
ship!" 

These thoughts come to mind 
as I poke through Jiybrochure 
louncing j -v oung 

::yprsity I :k." 




by Les Goates 

In every walk of life— leader- 
ship, indeed! 

* * * 

MARK OF SUCCESS 
Absent-mindedness in 
The average man 
Has been deemed a sin 
Since the world began; 
But in men of greatness 
■ This trait all agree 
Is a charming 

Eccentricity. ■ 

* * * 

Crooked— A woman telephoned 
the Better Business Bureau in 
Fort Wayne, Ind. reports the 
alert United Press, and asked 
for a recommendation of "a 
crooked lawyer." Asked why 
she wanted a crooked lawyer, 
she replied: 

"Well, I figure it will take a 
crooked one to win this case." 

m r * 

One way to make your wife 
change her mind — agree with 
her. 



UBLE DEALING 

» the Pi^gftjn Be 




■v ; %SK 



Enjoy these exclusive DESERET NEWS editorial features 



"LES GO" BY LES GOATES ... a longstand- 
ing favorite of Mountain West readers 
is Les Goates whose sparkling humor 
and witty satire on a wide range of every- 
day subjects makes his column delightful 
reading. "Les Go" is a whimsical column 
that appeals to everyone's interests. Read 
it . . . you'll enjoy it! 



"INTERPRETING THE NEWS" . . . Vivian 
Meik's extensive background as a British 
foreign correspondent gives him keen per- 
ception of the intricacies of foreign affairs, 
which he interprets exclusively for Deseret 
News readers. For a clear analysis of 
events behind world news, read Vivian 
Meik's "Interpreting the News" every day 
on the editorial page. 



Read the nation's top Political 
and Foreign Affairs Columnists 
daily on the Editorial Pages. 




THE MOUNTAIN WCiT'S 



■tiMt/ Nf w 




iP Af IR 



JULY 1952 



493 



End Muss, Fuss, Bother With A Plastic Squeezit 

KETCHUP DISPENSER 







End use of mossy, 
sticky, unsanitary, 
unappetizing ketch- 
up bottles and mus- 
tard jars on the table. Keep 
Squeezit handy for easy use. 

2 Opens easily. Simply 
a remove stem with one 
twist. Fill from Ket- 
chup or mustard con- 
tainer. Holds two reg. mustard 
jars or one full ketchup bottle. 

3 To use Squeezit just 

^ twist little cap on 
the stem and squeeze. 
Pliable, food preser- 
ving plastic gives under pres- 
sure. Contents flow evenly. 

sr 

4 When empty wash eas- 
^ ily, quickly under hot 
water tap. Choose 
red or yellow- one 
for both mustard and ketchup. 
Sets in 2 colors make n ice gifts. 



Mail Orders To: 

MARGOT MANNERS, ZCMI 

Salt Lake City 10, Utah 

Please send Squeezit dispenser (s) listed. 


Quan. Red Yellow Price 


























CashD Charge Q C.O.D. Q 




City Zone State 

Please add 15$ postage for first dispenser order- 
ed; 9$ for each additional dispenser. Utah resi- 
dents please add 2% state sales tax. 



494 



Scouting Builds Spiritually 

(Concluded from page 491) 

OUR NATION 

Forward in conservation of human and 

natural resources 
Forward in alert and active citizenship 
Forward in spiritual ideals 

To implement, "Forward in the 
faith of his fathers" and "Forward in 
spiritual ideals," the National Coun- 
cil, at its annual meeting held in 
May, adopted the following resolu- 
tion: 

WHEREAS, our democratic form of gov- 
ernment is founded on a belief in the 
Supreme Being as expressed in the Declara- 
tion of Independence, which states that all 
men are endowed by their Creator with 
certain inalienable rights, 

AND WHEREAS, an objective for the boy 
in the forward on liberty's team program 
is "forward in the faith of his fathers," 

BE IT RESOLVED THAT, the National 
Council urges a reemphasis in all scouting 
units upon the importance of religion in 
the life of the boy, and upon his duty to 
God, 

AND BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that 
in the spirit of the Twelfth Scout Law, 
the American ideal of freedom as outlined 
in the Bill of Rights, be emphasized in 
Scout training, teaching youth to foster 
brotherhood and to promote respect for the 
convictions of others in matters of custom 
and religion. 

It is heartening in these troubled 
times to know that the 750,000 
scouters of America, who are selected 
men, will be giving emphasis to the 
spiritual needs to the boys of Amer- 
ica. Chief Scout Executive Arthur 
A. Schuck, has said, "Scouting has 
consistently recognized that a strong 
democracy is dependent upon the 
spiritual life of its citizens." 

All of this is so much in harmony 
with the ideals of the Church. And 
so scouting in the Church can take 
full recognition and make full use 
of the religious and spiritual training 
aspect of the Boy Scout program, to 
strengthen the boys of the Church 
in doing their duty to God, attend- 
ing to all the phases of their Aaronic 
Priesthood work, and fuliiling other 
Church requirements. Scouting lead- 
ers throughout the Church should be 
fully aware of this great partnership 
effort to strengthen boys spiritually. 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Ive lots of time for my children 
since I got my Ironrite' 




says Mrs. Paul Wagner 

244 S. E. 78th Avenue 
Portland, Oregon 

1"As a professional man's wife 
• with three children, I had my 
hands full. 

"Ironing was the biggest job of all. It 
used to take me from 8 to 10 hours 
a week, leaving me worn out and too 
tired to really enjoy my children. But 
that was before I got my Ironrite 
Automatic Ironer! 

"Doing a big ironing is no trouble at 
all with my Ironrite. It irons any- 
thing I can wash, saving me many 
precious hours each week. With my 
Ironrite, my little girls' things and 
my husband's daily white shirts, 
which took so much time, are a breeze. 
And there's nothing to finish by hand! 

"Yes, thanks to Ironrite, I have lots 
of time for my children, and for many 
other things I've been too busy for. 
Take a tip from me and see your 
Ironrite dealer today! 



MODEL 85.New,improved, 
closed-toplronrite Auto- 
matic Ironer (above). 
MODEL 80 (below). Open 
model. Also MODEL 88. 
Ironrite Cabinette with 
warp-proof hardwood 
top in brown mahogany 
or honey blond finish. 





2 "Ironing clean, crisp shirts for 
• my husband is a simple job with 
my Ironrite. It saves me hundreds 
of ironing motions. Why, with its 
two open ends, I can iron the whole 
back of a shirt in 10 to 12 seconds! 



LOW DOWN PAYMENT... 
EASY CREDIT TERMS 



MORE FOR YOUR MONEY 
IN AN IRONRITE 



3"lronrite's Do-all ironing points, 
• in each end of the ironing shoe, 
act like hand-iron points. They get 
into the tiniest tucks and gathers, 
making such hard-to-iron things as 
my little girls' dresses easy." 



ASK ABOUT A FREE 
HOME DEMONSTRATION 



Iron rile 




All leading appliance stores sell Ironrite! 

See YOUR local Ironrite Ironer Dealer 

Distributed by 

DESERET APPLIANCE DISTRIBUTORS INC. 

142 South 5th West -Salt Lake City, Utah 



JULY 1952 



495 



THE CHURCH MOVES ON 

~Af *J)au SJo <Jjau Chronology \Jf Church (Luenti 



April 1952 



May 1952 



1 Elder John A. Widtsoe of the 
Council of the Twelve was hon- 
ored by members of Delta Phi, returned 
missionary college fraternity as their 
"founder, motivator, and grand presi- 
dent." During the evening, Dr. Avard 
Fairbanks began a life-sized bust of Dr. 
Widtsoe, which has been commissioned 
by the fraternity. 

9 || President David O. McKay dedi- 
cated the chapel of the Mesa First 
Ward, Maricopa (Arizona) Stake. 

President Stephen L Richards dedi- 
cated the chapel of the Valley View 
Ward, Wilford (Utah) Stake. ' 

Elder LeGrand Richards of the Coun- 
cil of the Twelve dedicated the chapel of 
the Pioneer Ward, West Utah Stake. 

Elder Alma Sonne, Assistant to the 
Council of the Twelve, dedicated the 
chapel of the Mona Ward, Juab 
(Utah) Stake. 

President Milton R. Hunter of the 
First Council of the Seventy dedicated 
the chapel of the Mountain Home Ward, 
Moon Lake (Utah) Stake. 

9 7 President Stephen L Richards of 
the First Presidency dedicated the 
chapel of the Bunkerville Ward, Moapa 
(Nevada) Stake. 

President J. Reuben Clark, Jr., of the 
First Presidency dedicated the chapel 
of the two Huntington wards, Emery 
(Utah) Stake. 

Elder Clifford E. Young, Assistant to 
the Council of the Twelve, dedicated 
the chapel of the Koosharem Ward, 
Sevier (Utah) Stake. 

Presiding Bishop Joseph L. Wirthlin 
dedicated the chapel of the Center- 
field Ward, Gunnison (Utah) Stake. 

9 A It was announced that there are 
^2135 Master M Men plus 146 
Honorary Master M Men in the Church. 
The last 633 books of President Heber 
J. Grant's personal library have been 
given to Brigham Young University, it 
was announced by members of the 
late President's family. Earlier presen- 
tations from his personal library had 
also been made to this Church uni- 
versity. 

This week the old Primary Children's 
Hospital, where during a thirty-year 
period, 5097 "in" patients and 3498 
"out" patients had been treated, was 
being razed. Temporarily the location 
will be used as a parking area. 

496 



1 



At least one L.D.S. chapel, the 
Salt Lake City Fifth Ward, became 
the temporary "home" of evacuees, as 
floods from run-off swollen streams in- 
undated parts of southwest Salt Lake 
City. 



3 



President David O. McKay dedi- 
cated a monument to Elder Joseph 
Standing near Dalton, Georgia, where 
the young missionary fell defending 
his testimony, July 21, 1879. Elder 
Standing's missionary companion at 
that time was another young man — 
Elder Rudger Clawson — who later was 
sustained as an Apostle October 10, 
1898, and later as President of the 
Council of the Twelve. He died June 
21, 1943. 

A President David O. McKay dedi- 
cated the chapel of the Palmetto 
(Georgia) Branch, Southern States 
Mission. 

President Stephen L Richards of the 
First Presidency dedicated the chapel 
of the Delta Third Ward. The build- 
ing is also to be used as a stake center 
for the Deseret (Utah) Stake. 

Ogden Thirty-fifth "Ward, Ogden 
(Utah) Stake, created from portions of 
Ogden Thirtieth Ward, with Elder C. 
Austin Seager sustained as bishop. 

Ogden Thirty-sixth Ward, Ogden 
Stake, created from portions of Ogden 
Twentieth Ward, with Elder David A. 
Richards sustained as bishop. 

Elder J. Earl Garrett sustained as 
second counselor in the Glendale 
(California) Stake presidency, succeed- 
ing Elder W. Tenney Cannon. 

PJ A four-night course to help 
bishoprics of the Church in the 
Salt Lake City area began in Barratt 
Hall, under the sponsorship of the 
Presiding Bishopric. Arrangements were 
made by the extension division of Brig- 
ham Young University. The first of the 
nightly panel discussions was "The 
Bishop and the Aaronic Priesthood." 
Presiding Bishop Joseph L. Wirthlin 
was the speaker. 

Deseret Woolen Mills, a unit of 
the Church welfare program, began its 
first day of operation. The modern 
plant which was formerly the blanket 
factory of the Utah Woolen Mills, will 
supply Church welfare requirements. 
In charge of this Murray, Utah, mill is 
a sub-committee nemed by the gen- 
eral Church welfare committee, com- 



posed of Walter Stover as chairman 
and Bishop Carl W. Buehner of the 
Presiding Bishopric, Howard Barker, 
and Briant S. Stringham. 

A Bishop Carl W. Buehner of the 
Presiding Bishopric discussed the 
subject "The Bishop and Ward Teach- 
ing," at this session of the bishops' 
workshop. 

The Church assumed full responsi- 
bility for evacuation and housing of 
displaced families in Salt Lake City 
during the current flood condition, and 
the Red Cross withdrew from the evacu- 
ation program to avoid duplication of 
services. 

These statistics were made available 
on the flood situation in the wards of 
Temple View, Pioneer, Riverside, Wells, 
and Liberty stakes in the Salt Lake City 
area: 

. Homes affected to any con- 
\ siderable extent: 647 

Families evacuated: 435 

Number working on flood 

projects: 2661 

Man-hours spent during 

flood: 19,373 

Trucks offered for emergency: 103 
Number reporting May 5 

(the one day) for typhoid 

immunization shots: 2200 

. Floods continued to ravage parts of 
Salt Lake, Utah, Davis, Weber, and 
Morgan counties. 

7 Elder LeGrand Richards of the 
Council of the Twelve, formerly 
Presiding Bishop, spoke on "Ward 
Finances" at the bishops' workshop. 

The appointment of Elders Hoyt W. 
Brewster and W. Floyd Millett to the 
general board of the Young Men's 
Mutual Improvement Association, an- 
nounced. 

The appointment of Mrs. Claire 
Thomas Murdock to the general board 
of the Primary Association, announced. 

Q Elder Harold B. Lee of the Coun- 
cil of the Twelve discussed "The 
Bishop as a Judge" at the concluding 
session of the bishops' workshop. 

| President J. Reuben Clark, Jr., of 

the First Presidency dedicated the 

chapel of the Imperial and Imperial 

West wards, Wilford (Salt Lake City) 

Stake. 

President Antoine R. Ivins of the 
First Council of the Seventy dedicated 
the chapel of the Gettysburg, South 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Dakota, Branch, North Central States 
Mission. 

Most wards and branches held spe- 
cial Mother's Day programs. 

I 9 The First Presidency announced 
the appointment of Elder Axel J. 
Andresen as president of the Norwegian 
Mission. He succeeds President A. 
Sherman Gowans at the mission head- 
quarters in Oslo. President Andresen, 
who is returning to the land of his 
birth, filled a mission to the Eastern 
States from 1920 to 1922. He is a 
former bishop of Burton (Salt Lake 
City) Ward, and at this call, was 
president of the South Salt Lake Stake. 

1 \ The general Church music com- 
■*• ■* mittee announced this week in 
its new handbook, General Recom- 
mendations Concerning Music in the 
Church, that it was recommended that 
congregations remain seated during 
singing. This is expected to add to 
the reverential qualities of the meetings. 

1 £* The third annual all-Church vol- 
leyball tournament began in the 
Deseret Gym. Entries came from Utah, 
California, Nevada, Arizona, and 
Idaho. 

Hurricane-like winds took heavy tolls 
in northern Utah, including the toppling 
of one of the stately side steeples of the 
tabernacle in Brigham City. 

-i n President David O. McKay dedi- 
•*■ ■ cated the chapel of the Avenal 
Branch, Fresno (California) Stake. 

President David O. McKay dedicated 
the chapel of the Merced Ward, Fresno 
Stake. 

Monument Park Ward, Monument 
Park (Salt Lake City) Stake won the 
all-Church volleyball tournament. Og- 
den Twenty-first Ward, Ben Lomond 
Stake, won second place, and Hoytsville 
Ward, Summit (Utah) Stake, received 
third place and the sportsmanship 
trophy. There were 175 teams partici- 
pating during the volleyball season. 

Many wards and stakes held outings 
for their young men as part of the an- 
nual celebration marking the anniver- 
sary of the restoration of the Aaronic 
Priesthood. 



18 



Many wards and branches held 
their Aaronic Priesthood restora- 
tion anniversary programs during sacra- 
ment meeting services. 

Elder S. Ross Fox, formerly first coun- 
selor, was sustained as president of South 
Salt Lake Stake, succeeding President 
Axel J. Andresen, recently selected to 
preside over the Norwegian Mission. 
Counselors to President Fox are Elders 
Rolf Christiansen and Lothaire R. Rich. 
Elder Christiansen served as second 
counselor to President Andresen. 

(Continued on page 549) 
JULY 1952 




Here's the gloriously easy kind of floor 
cleaning you've dreamed about . . . the 
modern Bruce method created by the 
world's largest hardwood flooring 
makers. No scrub buckets! No back- 
aches! No sore knees! Instead, you 
clean and wax your linoleum and wood 
floors standing up! 

The Doozit Pad does the dirty work. 
It whisks away dirt and dullness and 
is safe for the finest finish. Pads 
may be used several times, but 
separate Pads should be used to 
clean, to wax, and to polish. 



.*0*& 








&*9%b'' 



* * 




THERE'S A BRUCE PRODUCT FOR 
EVERY FLOOR AND SURFACE 




497 




Thrilling story of a colonizer, 
conqueror, friend-maker, and 
devoted church man. 

1. JACOB HAMBLIN 

By Pearson H. Corbett 

Jacob Hamblin, "Apostle 
to the Indians," is one of 
the most picturesque fig- 
ures in early western his- 
tory. This new book is 
based on extensive re- 
search in the territory 
where Jacob Hamblin was 
most active. $5.00 




i, 3» c0 ^ 







ANCIENT AMERICA AND 
THE BOOK OF MORMON 

By Milton R. Hunter and 
Thomas Stewart Ferguson 
A scholarly peek into the thrilling his- 
tory of early American civilizations . . . 
a valuable background to Book of Mor- 
mon study. Packed with historical and 
doctrinal information. $4.00 



3. ON THE WAY TO IMMORTALITY 

AND ETERNAL LIFE 

By J. Reuben Clark, Jr. 
Man's age-old quest for truth, for an 
assurance of life after death, is here 
sharply delineated under the scholarly 
and inspired writing of President Clark. 

$3.50 
• 

4. ESSENTIALS IN CHURCH HISTORY 

By Joseph Fielding Smith 
The vital and essential points of church 
history and doctrine. $4.00 



5. THE PRESIDENTS OF THE CHURCH 

By Preston ISibley 
New complete edition, containing bio- 
graphies of all the presidents of the 
L.D.S. Church including a new chapter 
on President David O. McKay. Valuable 
quotes and fascinating reading. New 
edition. $4.00 



Background for Book 
of Mormon Studies 

THE AMERICAS BEFORE COLUMBUS 
By Dewey Farnsworth 
Read of the mysterious origin of a 
golden empire in the jungles of Central 
and South America, and its evolution, 
starting 2500 years ago, into the power- 
ful Inca and Maya races. Studded with 
facts and profusely illustrated. New 
edition. $5.00 



7. A VOICE FROM THE DUST 

Edited and arranged by 
Genet Bingham Dee 
The complete Book of Mormon story 
and doctrine in a readable, fascinating 
form; good reading for both young peo- 
ple and adults. $4.00 



MOYLE 
of a distinguished 



I 
I 

I 

I 

■ 

■ 
I 
I 

i 

■ 



Purchase these books from your local dealer, or 
use coupon for mail order, postage paid by Deseret 
Book. Residents of Utah add 2% sales tax. 

DESERET BOOK COMPANY 
44 East South Temple 
Salt Lake City, Utah 

Please send books numbered: jj 

123456789 10 IT 

Name - * 

Address 

City State 

._.«■■■ »«•■■■■■»■ ■•■■■ 



I MI 

■ 
I 
I 
I 

I, 
■ ■-_■>; '.#V;^1 



uS^&itt&^M&JttfE 



Deseret 



8. JAMES H 
This stirring story 
American and an honored Churchman, 
written bj Gordon B. Hinckley and 
based in part on research of John Henry 
Evans. $3.50 

• 

Do you have all three volumes of this 
informative series by Dr. John A. Widt- 
soe: 

9. EVIDENCES AND RECONCILIATIONS 

Vol. I 

10. EVIDENCES AND RECONCILIATIONS 

Vol. II 
Gospel Interpretations. 

11. EVIDENCES AND RECONCILIATIONS 

Vol. Ill 
Aids to Faith in a Modern Day. 

$2.25 each 



Book Co, 



44 East South Temple 



•i. y. ^-:-.??W^~*r^^f?^?7Jfr^^2R^^^ 






498 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




-Josef Muench 



The Desert Is Magic 
T 

J. he desert holds a magic which is cast 

Upon all those who linger for awhile 

Beneath the wide, blue skies, which make a vast, 

High tent above the gray, for mile on mile. 

I love the desert; now it is my home. 

But sometimes in the sandy waste, I long 

To see the green of mountains and the foam 

Of falling waters, and to hear the song 

Of night birds near my windows, and the sigh 

Of quiet winds that blow through thick-limbed fir. 

I want to smell the woods as rain comes by, 

The pale wild roses and the lavender. 

But when there comes a night of white moonshine, 

Then I am glad a desert home is mine. 



by Grace Barker Wilson 



JULY 1952 



499 



COURAGE 
By Grace Sayre 

H'ere in the tree she built her nest, 
- Working away untiringly — 
Picking and salvaging some string, 
Gathering twigs to hoard and bring 
Into the space where her nest would swing. 
Over the nest, she brooded late, 
Watching and waiting patiently. 
But, as I watched her, I soon saw 
She worked with a broken leg, and one wing 
Trailed along; though she could sing 
To the world as if she had everything! 
And so she had, for her courage high 
Made her song reach to the stars and sky! 



FIRST BIRTHDAY 
By Angelyn W. Wadley 

Could it be a full year since that day in 
' July, 
So full of suspense till I heard her first cry? 
A new place at our table, a new bud on our 

tree, 
A new dream for the future — new glory for 
me! 

Could it be a whole year or a matter of 

days? 
Sure she climbs, and she walks, and she 

babbles and plays, 
And she knows a few tricks and has grown 

such a lot, 
But a year old so soon? Surely not! Surely 

not! 

Could it be but one year, since that fair 

summer day, 
Or have months without measure just 

vanished away? 
Now it's hard to recall when this child 

wasn't mine. 
It seems we've belonged since beginning of 

of time. 



PRAY 
By Bertha R. Hudelson 

When dawn draws back bright curtains 
of the day, 
And sunshine floods the world with 

tender light 
To mark the trail of birds in singing 
flight, 
With thankfulness, pray. 

Though dawn, with blackened fingers, 
bleakly hides 
The rose of early morning sky and 

brings 
Dark storms, and bird song muffled 
under wings, 
God's love abides. 

No matter if God sends, in his wise way, 
Vicissitudes or sweet tranquility; 
They are his gifts and, with humility, 

In simple faith, pray. 



FELINE CAPERS 



By Gladys Hesser Bucnham 

The wind can be a fierce old cat, 
Screeching, darting like a bat. 
She slams a door and claws a screen 
Or fights dried leaves and acts so mean, 
Just then she purrs and nestles down. 
Ah! Such relief. You sigh — then frown 
To hear a roar — phftt — a spat. 
A fresh gale blows — she is a cat. 

500 



DESERET 
By LeRoy Burke Meagher 

FREEDOM 
was a flame 

carried oxen-paced 

across a desert waste; 
Courage 

was a song 

of handcarts 

and searching hearts; 
Peace 

was a dead land, 

wakened by plow seams 

and mountain streams; 
Faith 

was a quarried stone 

lifted by tithing hire 

into a temple spire — 
Those are the words 
Time can not erase, 
Nor these: 

"This is the place." 



■ * ■ 



PRAYER ON A HILLTOP 
By Beatrice Munro Wilson 

Far below, the valley lies 
In sun and shade. I lift my eyes, 
And just as near seems heaven's blue. 
Lord, I would live between these two — 
Close enough to earth to see 
When fellow man has need of me, 
So near to heaven an angel's wing 
Might brush me sometimes when I sing. 



DOUBLE HOLSTER 
By Eva Willes Wangsgaard 

I went to tuck Davy safe in bed 
And found a tough sheriff there instead, 
A sheriff whose strategy had planned 
An all-night watch, a gun in each hand. 
I said, "Hey, Sheriff, you'll need your rest 
If you capture that deadeye robber pest. 
Your deputy goes on duty at night, 
And you can trust him. He's all right." 
He gave me the guns. I gave him a pat, 
And he was sound asleep, just like that! 



TO THE TOWER OF UTAH'S 
STATE CAPITOL 

By May A. Sorensen 

Across the scene you watch in white- 
domed grace, 
Once ox teams crept, while men, their eyes 

grown bright 
With watching, came at weary, stumbling 

pace. 
Women, their vision ever to the light, 
Now gaunt with feeding only upon dreams, 
Held starving babies to impoverished 

breasts; 
Asked but for safety by these valley streams, 
A refuge hid beneath these mountain crests. 

Today a shining city fills that view; 
How strangely builded few are left to tell. 
Do eerie breezes sometimes bring to you 
Ghost warnings that you act as sentinel? 
They left a high achievement in your care; 
Guard well the dreams of those who wrought 
it there. 



NOW 

By Elaine V. Emans 

THERE is a time for looking at the past, 
Remembering the best of all of it — - 
And being glad some lovelinesses last 
Till life is done, and there is a definite 
Time, even more, for planning days ahead. 
But, oh, there is a time, and it is now, 
To be aware of present sunlight spread 
For me — this very bluebird on the bough, 
This flower that I nearly hurried by, 
This laughter of a friend within my ear, 
This love just waiting here to occupy 
A place of first importance, and these dear 
Other reminders hourly that I 
. Have urgent business with the now and 
here. 



BIRCH SEEN SUDDENLY 
By Anobel Armour 

had no will at all to search 
For miracles, and so the birch 
Surprised me as I crossed the hill 
And saw it standing white and still. 
My breath caught in my throat to see 
The loveliness of this one tree, 
In the gray dusk as daylight thinned. 
No branches trembled, and no wind 
So much as turned a green leaf under, 
And so again my heart knew wonder 
That he who made the mighty oak, 
That he to whom the thunder spoke, 
Who set the moon to draw the tides 
And set pines on the mountainsides, 
Could shape a tree so slim and small. 
Yet as I stood, my soul grew tall, 
Knowing that only God could bless 
The earth with such white loveliness. 



THIS IS THE PLACE 
By C. LeRoy Clayton 

This is the place: 
Prophetic words in vision told. 
This is the place, 

Reserved for Saints since days of old, 
A haven for that faithful band, 
Led hither by Jehovah's hand; 
At last they found the promised land; 
This is the place. 

This is the place 

With mountain bulwarks tall and grand. 

This is the place; 

A temple here to God shall stand. 
No more we'll fear the ruthless mob, 
No more be scourged by tyrant's rod, 
But here in peace we'll worship God. 

This is the place. 

We'll find the place, 

And as they marched, they sang this 
song: 

We'll find the place 

And there become a mighty throng. 
We'll cities build, an ensign raise 
On which the world in awe shall gaze 
And marvel at God's wondrous ways. 

This is the place. 

This is the place — 

A desert once, now fruitful fields. 

This is the place; 

The land in rich abundance yields 
Fine fruits and grains and flowers fair, 
Its mountains filled with minerals rare, 
And peace and plenty everywhere. 

This is the place. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



r \ 



"Choose You" 



There was a mighty host assembled many 
years ago in the city of Shechem. Israel 
had gathered there to hear the last words 
of their great leader, Joshua. Fivescore years 
and ten he had seen life; he had led Israel 
faithfully through many trials; he had seen 
their waverings; and he had known their way- 
wardness. On that memorable occasion, he 
preached to them the words of life, reminding 
them of the many manifestations of God in 
their behalf. He reverted to the days of Abra- 
ham when the people went after strange gods. 
He told them how God had led their father 
Abraham out from this idolatry, how the hand 
of the Lord had led Israel out of Egypt, how 
he had given them lands not of their taking, 
how he had given them cities, not of their 
building. Continued he, 

"Now, therefore, fear the Lord, and serve 
him in sincerity and in truth; and put away the 
gods which your fathers served on the other 
side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye 
the Lord. 

"And if it seem evil unto you to serve the 
Lord, choose you this day whom ye will serve; 
whether the gods which your fathers served 
that were on the other side of the flood, or 
the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye 
dwell: but as for me and my house, we will 
serve the Lord." (Joshua 24:14-15. Italics 
author's.) 

If it seem evil in your sight, to serve the Lord, 
then choose you this day whom ye will serve, 
"But," said the old prophet, just before his 
death, "as for me and my house, we will serve 
the Lord." 

Then he gave the people their choice: 

"Whom will ye serve?" And they cried with 
one voice, "We will serve the Lord." "Remem- 
ber," said he, "it is you who make that cove- 




^wW-^™SIiJ«!S>3fij 5Wto j 



nant. 



". . . ye cannot serve the Lord: for he is an 
holy God; he is a jealous God: he will not 
forgive your transgressions, nor your sins. 



by President David O. McKay 



"If ye forsake the Lord, and serve strange 
gods, then he will turn and do you hurt, and 
consume you, after that he hath done you 
good. 

"And the people said unto Joshua, Nay; but 
we will serve the Lord. 

"And Joshua said unto the people, Ye are 
witnesses against yourselves that ye have 
chosen you the Lord, to serve him. And they 
said, We are witnesses." {Idem 19-22.) 

And the covenant made by the people that 
day was placed in the book of the law of the 
Lord, and an altar was built there as memorial 
of the covenant. Joshua bade them good- 
bye and went the way of all the earth. That 
generation kept their covenants. You may 
read the record of Israel from the exodus to 
the captivity, and you cannot find a genera- 
tion that served the Lord so faithfully as did 
those who covenanted with the old Prophet 
Joshua, on that day. 

We, in our day, must choose whom we will 
serve. I say we cannot go on serving, part of 
the time, the enemy, and part of the time, the 
Church. We cannot do this. The Lord has 
said plainly, "No man can serve two masters: 
for either he will hate the one and love the 
other; or else he will hold to the one and despise 
the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon." 
(Matt. 6:24.) These words are true, and I 
believe we should take them as literally as did 
the Prophet Joseph Smith take the words of 
James: 

"If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of 
God, that giveth to all men liberally." (James 
1:5.) 

The Prophet believed these words and took 
them for their meaning. So I believe we 
should take Christ's words and know that we 
cannot serve two masters. Let us choose today 
whom we shall serve. 

The truth that we cannot serve two masters is 
emphasized in Byron's Cain, and I feel to men- 

(Continued on following page) 



trsTjCVTVTj^CNCViSCNTNCNCX^ 



JULY 1952 




)?'$Patje 



*£^CV^X?S^ 



501 



THE EDITORS PAGE 



(Continued from preceding page) 
tion it here for emphasis. Cain is tempted by 
Lucifer; and after the devil had led him on, telling 
him that the gospel is nothing, that Adam was 
deceived, that the Lord is only a cruel God, Cain 
says : 

"Wilt thou teach me all?" 

"Aye," says Lucifer, "upon one condition." 

Cain: "Name it." 

Satan: "That thou dost fall down and worship 
me, thy Lord." 

Cain: "Thou art not the Lord my father wor- 
ships." 

Satan: "No." 

Cain: "His equal?" 

Satan: "No: I have naught in common with 
him! Nor would: I would be aught above — be- 
neath — Aught save a sharer or a servant of his 
power. I dwell apart; but I am great: — Many 
there are who worship me, and more who shall — 
be thou among the first." 

Cain: "I never as yet have bow'd unto my 
father's God, although my brother Abel oft im- 
plores that I would join him in sacrifice: — Why 
should I bow to thee?" 

Satan: "Hast thou ne'er bowed to him?" 

Cain: "Have I not said it? — need I say it? Could 
not thy mighty knowledge teach thee that?" 

Then these words and Byron never uttered a 
greater truth: 

Satan: "He who bows not to him has bow'd 
to me!" 

Cain: "But I will bend to neither." 

Satan: "Ne'er the less, thou art my worshiper: 
not worshiping him, makes thee mine the same." 
(Cain, Act 1.) 

This truth harmonizes with the scripture. "No 
man can serve two masters: for either he will hate 
the one, and love the other; or else he will hold 
to the one and despise the other." (Matt. 6:24.) 

It is not in membership only that Christ wants 
service. He can, today as of old, raise up from 
the stones children unto Abraham. It is not lip 
service that he wants. Speaking of the churches 



of the world, the Lord said to Joseph Smith: "... 
they draw near me with their lips, but their 
hearts are -far from me." (Joseph Smith 2:19.) It 
is not lip service — then what is it? Faithfulness 
to duty. 

I am reminded now of the responsibility that 
rested upon those soldiers who followed General 
James Wolfe up the mighty heights of Quebec 
that starlight September night. What was the 
duty upon each soldier that night? Nothing great 
— five thousand of them stealthily rowing down 
the river and then quietly pulling themselves up 
by the branches of the trees on the hillside. What 
was the service demanded from that mighty army? 
Why, the service of order and quietness. One 
soldier that night could have frustrated General 
Wolfe's entire plan. But each one had a duty — 
that of being quiet, that of remaining in rank, 
until, before morning, the whole army stood on 
the Plains of Abraham, ready to take the fort. 
So it is in this great army of the priesthood. Each 
man has only a little duty to perform; the per- 
formance of it might mean everything to the 
quorum to which he belongs! It might mean im- 
measurably much to the Church. 

There are other instances in history where little 
simple acts have expressed the spirit of the entire 
nation. One such comes to my mind. At one 
time during the American Revolution, General 
Nathanael Greene had been defeated; he was 
alone, penniless, hungry, footsore. He went into 
an inn, and the proprietor said: "Hello, General 
Greene! All alone?" "Yes, alone, hungry, and 
penniless." The lady of the house set before him 
a warm breakfast — plain, but the best she had, 
and then, shutting the door quietly behind her, 
she brought and put in the general's hand, a 
purse. "There!" she said; "it is all I have, but 
you are welcome to it; take it." 

There was hanging just over the fireplace of 
that humble inn, the picture of George III. Gen- 
eral Greene arose, turned the picture to the wall, 
and on the back of it wrote this line: "Hide your 

(Concluded on page 549) 



IS WAR EVER JUSTIFIED? 



The gospel of Jesus Christ is a gospel of peace. 
While on earth the Savior pleaded with man- 
kind to preserve peace. He made clear that 
contention among men or nations is really a battle 
between right and wrong, between lawful and 
unlawful desires, whether for temporal or spiritual 
advantage. The happiness for which all right- 
minded people long will come only when human- 
ity follows the teachings embodied in the gospel 
of Jesus Christ. There is no other way. 

Nevertheless, contention and war date back to 
the beginning of time. There is a report of a 
great war in our first estate among the spiritual 
beings who had won the right to come upon the 



by John A. Widtsoe 

OF THE COUNCIL OF THE TWELVE 



Evidences 

AND 

Reconciliations 

CLXVII 



502 



earth. One-third of those present in the great 
council, so we are told, lost their privilege of earth 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



experience and are now engaged in battling against 
truth and the laws of conduct laid down for man 
by the Lord of heaven. The history of man on 
earth is likewise the story of a continuous suc- 
cession of wars. 

Why does evil exist in the hearts of men? What 
is the original cause of evil. Though hundreds of 
books have been written on that subject, the 
answers have not been found. All we know is 
that evil has arisen in the hearts of otherwise 
intelligent men since the beginning of time. 

The eternal right of choice is vouchsafed us by 
our Heavenly Father by which men may choose 
to follow right or wrong. Why in the beginning, 
or now, intelligent beings choose to follow evil 
remains a mystery. 

We on earth know how wars originate. As 
in the great pre-existent council Lucifer sought 
power to magnify himself, so in the wars on 
earth men seek to lift themselves up in personal 
power, position, or possessions at the expense of 
others. Then contention and warfare follow. 
Seldom has a war among men been fought to 
support a spiritual principle, freed from selfish 
objectives. When that occurs, those who are 
battling against God's law will be defeated. 

Our whole concern should be to set up God's 
kingdom and to destroy the forces of evil which 
would set up their own soul-destroying kingdom. 
Under such conditions war must be declared upon 
the unrighteous. 

Necessarily, however, there are times when evil 
in its hate of right goes too far in its deliberate 
attempts to overthrow the purposes of the Al- 
mighty. Then the means of earth must often be 
used to correct the evil-minded and prevent the 
spread of evil among the unwary. Such a war 
may be justified. A war for more land or for more 
power among the nations can never claim justifi- 
cation. The weapons of such a righteous war 
should be the teaching of truth and right and 
the exclusion of the unrighteous from association 
with the righteous. The bloody wars in which 
we have engaged on earth are really a type of 
murder unacceptable to the Lord of heaven. 

The preservation of high doctrine and principles 
of action contained in the gospel of Jesus Christ 
alone can justify war on earth or elsewhere. 
Therefore, every contention, great or small, should 
be analyzed as to the causes of the war which lie 
at the bottom of the struggle. But in no instance 
must evil finally be allowed to win such a fight. 

When the Prophet Joseph Smith and his people 
were persecuted, the Lord warned Joseph to be 
patient and to bear persecution patiently; but he 
also explained that limitations are placed upon 
those who wage war against righteousness. 

Now, I speak unto you concerning your families — if 
men will smite you, or your families, once, and ye bear 
it patiently and revile not against them, neither seek 
revenge, ye shall be rewarded; 

But if ye bear it not patiently, it shall be accounted unto 
you as being meted out as a just measure unto you. 
And again, if your enemy shall smite you the second 
JULY 1952 



time, and you revile not against your enemy, and bear it 
patiently, your reward shall be an hundredfold. 

And again, if he shall smite you the third time, and 
ye bear it patiently, your reward shall be doubled unto 
you fourfold; 

And these three testimonies shall stand against your 
enemy if he repent not, and shall not be blotted out. 

And now, verily I say unto you, if that enemy shall 
escape my vengeance, that he be not brought into judg- 
ment before me, then ye shall see to it that ye warn him in 
my name, that he come no more upon you, neither upon 
your family, even your children's children unto the third 
and fourth generation. 

And then, if he shall come upon you or your children, 
or your children's children unto the third and fourth 
generation, I have delivered thine enemy into thine 
hands; 

And then if thou wilt spare him, thou shalt be rewarded 
for thy righteousness; and also thy children and thy chil- 
dren's children unto the third and fourth generation. 

Nevertheless, thine enemy is in thine hands; and if thou 
rewardest him according to his works thou art justified; 
if he has sought thy life, and thy life is endangered by 
him, thine enemy is in thine hands and thou art justified. 

Behold, this is the law I gave unto my servant Nephi, 
and thy fathers, Joseph, and Jacob, and Isaac, and Abra- 
ham, and all mine ancient prophets and apostles. 

And again, this is the law that I gave unto mine an- 
cients, that they should not go out unto battle against any 
nation, kindred, tongue,- or people, save I, the Lord, 
commanded them. 

And if any nation, tongue, or people should proclaim 
war against them, they should first lift a standard of 
peace unto that people, nation, or tongue; 

And if that people did not accept the offering of peace, 
neither the second nor the third time, they should bring 
these testimonies before the Lord; 

Then I, the Lord, would give unto them a command- 
ment, and justify them in going out to battle against that 
nation, tongue, or people. 

And I, the Lord, would fight their battles, and their 
children's battles, and their children's children's, until they 
had avenged themselves on all their enemies, to the third 
and fourth generation. 

Behold, this is an ensample unto all people, saith the 
Lord your God, for justification before me. 

And again, verily I say unto you, if after thine enemy 
has come upon thee the first time, he repent and come 
unto thee praying thy forgiveness, thou shalt forgive him, 
and shalt hold it no more as a testimony against thine 
enemy — 

And so on unto the second and third time; and as oft 
as thine enemy repenteth of the trespass wherewith he 
has trespassed against thee, thou shalt forgive him, until 
seventy times seven. 

And if he trespass against thee and repent not the 
first time, nevertheless thou shalt forgive him. 

And if he trespass against thee the second time, and 
repent not, nevertheless thou shalt forgive him. 

And if he trespass against thee the third time, and re- 
pent not, thou shalt also forgive him. 

But if he trespass against thee the fourth time thou 
shalt not forgive him, but shalt bring these testimonies 
before the Lord; and they shall not be blotted out until 
he repent and reward thee fourfold in all things where- 
with he has trespassed against thee. (D. & C. 98:23-44.) 

Only under such conditions as are specified in 
this revelation can Latter-day Saints justify a war. 
But it must be remembered that we are taught to 
be loyal to the land in which we live. Often as 
good citizens we must do things which we do 
not understand or which we do not fully accept. 
As far as war is concerned, the procedure in the 
Doctrine and Covenants, section 98, is the Lord's 
word. If the nations would heed it, bloody con- 
tentions among the nations would cease. 



503 




< 

■■...::. :■:■.■:■: 

■.■-. :,' m : : : .:. ■■,:■■—..:■::. f 

: . •■■ •■■■ . ■ : 




lllllSlll! 




■ — Keystone View Co. Photo 



IN GOD WE TRUST 



by Marion G. Romney 

OF THE COUNCIL OF THE TWELVE 



Icome to you this morning repre- 
senting a people for whom the 
inscription on our national coin, 
"In God We Trust" — has real sig- 
nificance. For we know that an ef- 
fective relationship persists between 
God and this land and its people. 

Centuries ago the Lord designated 
America a goodly land, choice above 
all others, to be reserved for a right- 
eous people. While it was yet un- 
known to Eurasians, he decreed that 
it should be discovered only under 
his guidance and promised its in- 
habitants from that time henceforth 
and forever that they should "... be 
free from bondage, and from cap- 
tivity, and from all other nations 
under heaven" (Ether 2:12), if they 
would serve him. On the other hand, 
he warned that if they would not 
serve him, "they should be brought 

*Church of the Air Address, April 6, 1952, Columbia 
Broadcasting System. 

504 



down into captivity, and also into 
destruction both temporally and spir- 
itually." 

Preceding the advent of Columbus, 
two mighty peoples dwelling upon 
this land prospered in obeying God's 
commands and, rebelling against 
them, sank into oblivion. Their rec- 
ords are eloquent proof of the cer- 
tainty in God's warning and promise. 

The builders of modern America, 
though without knowledge of the di- 
vine decree, have been aware of God 
standing within "the shadow keeping 
watch upon his own." 

Columbus, not knowing it had been 
given, yet witnessed to the truth of 
the declaration that the discoverers 
of America should be led by divine 
inspiration. "God gave me the faith 
and afterwards the courage so that 
I was quite willing to undertake the 
journey," he said to his son, and in 
his, will he wrote: 



In the name of the most holy trinity, 
who inspired me with the idea and after- 
wards made it perfectly clear to me that 
I could navigate and go to the Indies from 
Spain, by traversing the ocean westward. 

The early settlers of the Atlantic 
seaboard testified that they were led 
and sustained by the power of God. 
The colonists, rejecting the tyranny 
of King George, appealed "to the 
Supreme Judge of the world for the 
rectitude of" their intentions and, 
"with a firm reliance on the protec- 
tion of Divine Providence" struck for 
freedom. 

At a critical point Franklin thus 
addressed the constitutional conven- 
tion, 

We have been assured, sir, in the sacred 
writings, that "Except the Lord build the 
house, they labour in vain that build it." 
I firmly believe this; and I also believe 
that, without his concurring aid, we shall 
succeed in this political building no better 
than the builders of Babel. {Documentary 
History of the Constitution of the United 
States, Vol. Ill, pp. 235-237.) 

In his 1789 Thanksgiving Procla- 
mation, Washington made seven 
separate references to the Almighty, 
whom he acknowledged as the source 
of all the nation's blessings, including 
victory in the Revolution and "op- 
portunity to establish a form of gov- 
ernment for" our "safety and hap- 
piness." 

Perhaps no other American, save 
the prophet only, has put such im- 
plicit trust in God as did the Great 
Emancipator. Out of his personal 
experiences he testified he was as 
certain that God acts directly upon 
human affairs as he was of a fact 
apparent to the senses, such as that 
he was in the room where he was then 
speaking. He said: 

I have had so many evidences of his 
direction, so many instances when I have 
been controlled by some other power than 
my own will, that I cannot doubt that this 
power comes from above. I frequently see 
my way clear to a decision when I am 
conscious that I have not sufficient facts 
upon which to found it. But I cannot 
recall one instance in which I have followed 
my own judgment, founded upon such a 
decision, where the results were unsatis- 
factory; whereas, in almost every instance 
where I have yielded to the views of others 
I have had occasion to regret it. (Abraham 
Lincoln — Man of God, John Wesley Hill, 
p. 124.) 

A marked diminution of our trust 
in God has taken place in America 
since the days of Lincoln, the effect 
of which is everywhere apparent. We 
and our beloved country are today 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



at the crossroads in our efforts to 
maintain our glorious American herit- 
age of political, temporal, and spir- 
itual freedom, won and bequeathed 
to us by the fathers who had inscribed 
in their hearts, as well as on their 
money, "In God We Trust." In 
every hamlet of our land arises a 
plaintive cry for a return to that 
trust in God by which the fathers 
built our nation. I believe we are 
approaching almost an unanimity in 
our feeling that the great and im- 
perative need of this hour of decision 
for America is to vitalize our trust in 
God. 

I believe we can do it. I know we 
can do it if we are but willing to pay 
the price. Possessing a sure knowledge 
of the truth of what I say, I point out 
two prerequisites to the realization of 
this, our great need: First, we must 
in humility seek the God in whom 
we trust in earnest prayer; second, 
we must dedicate ourselves to the 
keeping of his commandments. 

"Seek ye the Lord while he may be 
found, call ye upon him while he is 
near," counseled Isaiah. (Isa. 55:6.) 
"Evening, and morning, and at 
noon, will I pray, and cry aloud: and 
he shall hear my voice," sang the 
Psalmist. (Psalm 55:17.) 

"Watch and pray, that ye enter 
not into temptation" (Matt. 26:41), 
taught Jesus. And in his perfect life 
he set the pattern. He prayed (Luke 
3:21) and fasted forty days (Matt. 
4:2) at the beginning of his public 
ministry; he prayed in the wilder- 
ness (Luke 5:16); he prayed at the 
beginning of the day (Mark 1:35); 
he prayed a whole night preceding 
his selection of the Twelve Apostles 
(Luke 6:12); he prayed for strength 
in Gethsemane; and finally, on the 
cross in the hour of his death, he 
prayed. (Ibid., 23:34.) 

All men who, "under God" have 
advanced the cause of righteousness 
in America have been praying men. 
Who has not heard Isaac Potts' ac- 
count of Washington on his knees in 
the snow in prayer at Valley Forge? 
Lincoln's sublime trust in God came 
after he had many times been driven 
to his knees in prayer. He thus ex- 
plained to General Sickles the rea- 
son for the serenity he experienced 
while the outcome of the battle of 
Gettysburg hung in the balance: 

In the pinch of your campaign up there, 
when everybody seemed panic-stricken and 
nobody could tell what was going to hap- 
pen, oppressed by the gravity of affairs, I 
went to my room one day and locked 
JULY 1952 



the door and got down on my knees before 
Almighty God and prayed to him mightily 
for victory at Gettysburg. I told him that 
this war was his, and our cause his cause, 
but we could not stand another Fredericks- 
burg or Chancellorsville. Then and there 
I made a solemn vow to Almighty God 
that if he would stand by our boys at 
Gettysburg, I would stand by him, and 
he did stand by our boys, and I will stand 
by him. And after that, I don't know how 
it was, and I cannot explain it, soon a 
sweet comfort crept into my soul. The 
feeling came that God had taken the whole 
business into his hands, and that things 
would go right at Gettysburg, and that is 
why I had no fears about you. (Hill, op. cit., 
339-340.) 

If we would vitalize our trust in 
God, we — you and I — must get down 
on our knees and pray to him as 
Lincoln prayed, with all the energy 
of our souls. And we must do so as 
did the Psalmist, evening, morning, 
and at noon. We cannot leave it 
for the other fellow; we must do it 
ourselves; and we must do it now. 
If we will begin and close each day 



by praying unto our Father in heaven 
in secret, as the Savior admonished, 
thanking him for our lives, his pro- 
tection over us and our loved ones, 
our material comforts, the freedom 
we enjoy in this glorious land; if we 
will plead with him to guide us in 
the paths of righteousness that we 
may merit a continuation of his 
mercies, if the head of every house- 
hold will daily call his family about 
him and, praying with them and 
they praying with him, truly worship 
the Lord, the first long and sure 
step will be taken toward vitalizing 
our trust in God. 

To take the second step, we must 
learn that in the relationship be- 
tween God and ourselves both parties 
have obligations. We must stand by 
the Lord, as Lincoln promised to do, 
for he has promised to give us pro- 
tection against temporal and spiritual 
bondage, and against all other na- 
tions under heaven, only if we serve 
{Concluded on following page) 




— Religious News Service Photo 
WASHINGTON AT PRAYER 
This sculpture of George Washington kneeling in prayer at Valley Forge is in 
the face of the east end of the sub Treasury building on Wall St., N. Y. The sculptor 
is J. E. Kelley. 

505 



(Concluded from preceding page) 
him. Praying is one way to serve 
him; another way is to keep his 
commandments. There are numer- 
ous ways in which we are violating 
them in America today. 

On many points the Lord has 
given us specific guidance with re- 
spect to the conduct of our lives; for 
example, he has said, 

Thou shalt not take the name of the 
Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will 
not hold him guiltless that taketh his name 
in vain. (Ex. 20:7.) 

In harmony with this command 
Washington issued the following 
order in 1776: 

The General is sorry to be informed that 
the foolish and wicked practice of profane 
cursing and swearing, a vice heretofore 
little known in an American army, is grow- 
ing into fashion. He hopes the officers 
will, by example as well as influence, en- 
deavor to check it, and that both they and 
the men will reflect that we can have little 
hope of the blessings of heaven on our 
arms if we insult it by our impiety and 
folly. Added to this, it is a vice so mean 
and low, . . . that every man of sense and 
character detests and despises it. 

What respect is today being paid 
to this prohibition against profanity? 
If you hear what I hear, you know 
we have not placed the Lord in our 
debt through its observance. 

"Remember the Sabbath day to 
keep it holy" (Ex. 20:8), is another 
familiar command. 

That it was revered by the great 
Lincoln is evidenced by a general 
order to the army and the navy, 
signed by him November 15, 1862. 
From that order I quote: 

The President, commander-in-chief of the 
army and navy, desires and enjoins the 
orderly observance of the Sabbath by the 
officers and men in the military and naval 
service. . . . The discipline and character 
of the national forces should not suffer, 
nor the cause they defend be imperiled, by 
the profanation of the day or name of the 
Most High. (Abraham Lincoln, The War 
Years, III, Carl Sandburg, 374.) 

How do we, as a nation, stand 
upon this matter today? Is it not 
rather noted in the breach than in 
the observance? 

"Thou shalt not commit adultery," 
(Ex. 20:14) spake the Lord amidst 
the thundering and lightning of 
Sinai, against one of the most debas- 
ing of sins, a practice which has pre- 
ceded the disintegration of every fal- 
506 



IN GOD WE TRUST 

len civilization. Paul's pronounce- 
ment that our bodies are the temples 
of God, that "If any man defile the 
temple of God, him shall God de- 
stroy," (I Cor. 3:17), is an eternal 
principle still in force. Much of our 
sorrow and distress stems from a 
violation of this divine command. 

We might continue with others, 
"Thou shalt not steal," "Thou shalt 
not bear false witness," "Thou shalt 
not covet" (Ex. 20:15-17), but we 
now have in mind enough to per- 
suade us of many ways in which 
we may improve, if we really, in 
truth and without hypocrisy, are 
committed to keeping the command- 
ments of God. 

I plead with you, my friends, for a 
vitalization of our trust in God 
through earnest prayer and a careful 
keeping of the Lord's commands. 
Every substitute we have tried has 
left us deeper in the mire. Our in- 
tegrity, our liberties, our treasures 
are slipping like sand through our 



fingers. Our cynicism and godless 
learning lead us ever farther from the 
truth. Why should we not put to 
test the one untried plan of self- 
disciplined conformance to the plain 
and simple commands of the God 
in whom we profess to trust. Doing 
this, turning not to the right hand 
or to the left, we shall become strong 
and of a good courage. The Lord 
will be with and prosper us, whither- 
soever we go. Our trust in him 
being thus vitalized into an all-power- 
ful present reality, the strongest bul- 
wark in all our defenses, we shall 
sing with strong conviction, 

Our fathers' God to thee, 

Author of liberty, 

To thee we sing; 

Long may our land be bright 

With freedom's holy light; 

Protect us by thy might, 

Great God, our king. 

That we may do so, I humbly pray 
in the name of Jesus Christ. Amen. 



WHAT PEOPLE WANT 



by George P. Barber 



At a conference on fiction writing 
given by the extension division 
• of the University of California 
in San Francisco some time ago, 
Betty Finnin, fiction editor of Wom- 
an's Day, made a significant state- 
ment. She said that magazine edi- 
tors think they know what people 
want, but that they don't always 
know. Some editors think people 
want more than anything else in 
their reading the sensational, the 
bizarre, the trivial, the risque, the 
light. But what people really want, 
she said, is the decent, the real, the 
genuine, the natural. What people 
want, she added, is "real meat." 

Writers write to please editors be- 
cause editors are the ones who buy 
their stories. If editors don't know 
what people really want, they may 
substitute the cheap and the tawdry 
for that which is helpful, inspiration- 



al, uplifting, and hopeful. As Pro- 
fessor Mark Schorer, another speaker, 
pointed out, the number of stories 
being published is increasing, but 
the quality is not improving. What 
people want is not more stories, but 
more quality in the stories they read. 

As one who is distressed by the 
lightness and emptiness of much of 
the fiction that is being published in 
the magazines, I gave hearty assent 
to Miss Finnin's assertion. After re- 
turning home from the conference, I 
examined copies of several Latter-day 
Saint publications back over the years 
to weigh their quality as enunciated 
by Miss Finnin. As one of that 
great mass of people who knows what 
he wants, I wish to say this: I hope 
our Church publications continue to 
give their readers what they really 
want — "real meat." 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



KEYS 



by Harrald Stevens Alvord 

Y.M.M.I.A. GENERAL BOARD 



Perched high on Twin Sisters 
Mountain in colorful Colorado is 
a famous Alpine inn. To reach it 
we moved upward over a narrow road 
so winding the curves appeared to be 
connected and unending. This steady 
climb encouraged us to glance fre- 
quently upon a drowsy earth studded 
with starlit grandeur, thrilling, ex- 
tended, and limitless. Fortunately, we 
arrived at this remarkable vista be- 
fore dawn. To see timber mountain 
darkness blend with valley mist then 
both brushed aside by dawn's early 
light and an oncoming sun inspired 
us with awe. 

Here, before our very eyes was a 
daily, mysterious, fascinating, and 
miraculous creation. Our limited 
understanding and meager wisdom 
were greatly enhanced as we remem- 
bered the first recorded story in the 
Old Testament. 

In the beginning God created the heaven 
and the earth. 

And the earth was without form, and 
void; and darkness was upon the face 
of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved 
upon the face of the waters. 

And God said, Let there be light: and 
there was light. 

And God saw the light, that it was good 
and God divided the light from the dark- 



Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon even 
more comforting and* meaningful: 

Keep all the commandments and cove- 
nants by which ye are bound; and I will 
cause the heavens to shake for your good, 
and Satan shall tremble and Zion shall 
rejoice upon the hills and flourish; 

And Israel shall be saved in mine own 
due time; and by the keys which I have 
given they be led, and no more be con- 
founded at all. 

Lift up your hearts and be glad, your 
redemption draweth nigh. (D. & G. 35:24- 
26. Italics author's.) 

More clearly now we begin to see 
beyond the range of vision. 

Nine thousand feet above the sea 
is the man-made inn, weathered, 
drab, and cold. Slightly protected 
below the protruding easterly gables 
swings a significant cluster of artifi- 
cial keys. 

Within the lodge an aging keeper 
offered us an easy chair, a better 
view, and a fading, "This way, 
please." With it all so rigid, mechan- 
ical, and lifeless, furtively we moved 
from room to echoing room as the 
guide gave his oft retold story. The 
fable of this inn possessed elements of 
exciting charm, but like so many in- 
teresting tales, too much of it had 
become a duty for the pent-up, lonely 
guide; a rhythmic chant to the cau- 
tious receiver. Even the guide seemed 
strange and oddly alone. 

Now we recall a much earlier time 
and a vastly different spot when 
Father Adam was properly admon- 
ished and instructed by the Lord 
when he said: 



... It is not good that man should be 
alone. (Gen. 2:18.) 

And then we stood in the most 
famous room of this inn. It was 
the "Key Room." Keys were every- 
where. Some were large, others 
small; many were discolored; few 
were bright. Across the ceiling and 
down the walls they hung in useless 
array. Once these keys were smooth 
and useful, but here, tarnish re- 
placed brilliance; luster was gone 
forever. 

Each visitor was urged to make a 
wish and leave his key. It did seem 
little enough for promised hope, for 
a lack of an earlier preparation. 

No one knew the number of keys 
and shallow aspirations left here to 
rust and be forgotten, but each visitor 
could quickly see the keys hung with- 
in the season. They were the brighter 
ones. Lacking proper and frequent 
use, keys change and tend to waste 
away. 

What keys did I possess? Which 
one should I leave behind? 

With the tour ended and lessons 
learned, we again faced eastward into 
a warming sun. The fertile, sprawl- 
ing plains spread lazily below. Across 
these distant lands our faithful pio- 
neer kinfolk came. They, too, 
trudged upward and forever forward. 
Why had they come? What keys did 
they possess to leave and to share? 

Lift up your hearts and rejoice, for unto 
you the kindom, or in other words, the 
keys of the church have been given. (D. & 
C. 42:69.) 

(Continued on page 534) 



ness. 



And God called the light Day, and the 
darkness he called Night. And the evening 
and morning were the first day. (Gen. 
1:1-5.) 

Then and now the story of the 
creation, as recorded in Genesis, has 
been impressive and more easily un- 
derstood. 

In the tops of the mountains omi- 
nous clouds may quickly form, then 
race overhead to unload and slip 
away as though their purpose were 
to blanket nature for the winter or 
perchance to drench slatelike rock 
and make it glisten in the wet. Nature 
at its most violent best may be hor- 
rifying and often disastrous. But 
with our revealed knowledge of the 
creation of man, with his godlike po- 
tential and ultimate exalted destiny, 
there is an inward warmth inter- 
mingled with an outward calm and 
security. During such moments we 
find the instructions from the Lord to 

JULY 1952 




— Photo by Wayne B. Hales 

507 




After the band had played all the patriotic airs it could, 
we all stood and sang, "My Country 'Tis of Thee." 



fcffPmwij 



It was a hot Fourth of July morning, 
welcomed by Iowa farmers as good 
corn weather. We scanned the 
skies anxiously, for rain on the Fourth 
of July was a tragedy. It was hard 
for Papa to take the day off from his 
work, but he never disappointed us. 
He finished all his chores and took 
care of the milk, putting the cans in 
cool water. Tomorrow would be 
cheese-making day. 

We girls helped Mamma with the 
work, for Bessie was now six, and I 
was nearly nine, and so we were soon 
ready. Bessie and I had new dresses, 
made of fine yellow lawn with small 
brown figures. Bessie was much 
pleased with hers. I wasn't with 
mine, but Mamma didn't know it. I 
had longed for a white dress because 
I hadn't had one since I was very 
small, and they were in fashion again. 
Some of the girls had them trimmed 
with embroidery. A real summer dress 
meant a white dress to me. 

Two weeks before Mamma had said 
that she was going to take a dozen 
young roosters to Blanchard to see 
if she could sell them, and if she 
could, and had enough money, she 
would buy Bessie and me cloth for 
new summer dresses. I immediately 
began to picture myself walking into 
church wearing mine, and always, for 
some reason, I imagined it as being 
white, though I know now that I had 
said nothing about it. 

When Mamma came home from 
Blanchard, she looked pleased. No 
one could look more quietly pleased 
than Manna when she had some- 
thing she thought very nice for her 
family. She said, "Yes, I sold all of 
my chickens. I thought at first I 
508 



wasn't going to sell any and would 
have to bring them all home again." 
And a shadow crossed Mamma's face 
at the remembrance. "The stores 
wouldn't take any, but a man was 
there buying chickens to ship east. 
He said at first that mine were a lit- 
tle too large, for they weighed over 
four pounds apiece, but after looking 
at them again, he said they were in 
such good condition that he would 
take them, and he paid me thirty-five 
cents apiece for them." She handed 
a package to Bessie and me. We 
opened it. Papa came in just then, 
and he and Mamma and Bessie were 
so pleased with the material they 
did not notice my silence. 

"I will try to get the dresses made 
for the Fourth of July," said Mamma 
eagerly, though sewing was, for her, 
a slow and difficult task. "They will 
be nice and cool, and you have worn 
your old ones so long." 

Papa said, "This material will look 
well with their brown eyes and hair." 

And Mamma looked more pleased 
than ever as she put things away and 
started to get supper. 

By a great effort Mamma finished 
the dresses and prepared some food 
for the picnic dinner after the morn- 
ing's program in the grove. 

Mamma always made rusk for the 
picnic, for it was Papa's favorite. It 
was made with yeast, like bread, but 
with butter and sugar added, and 
perhaps an egg or two, then allowed 
to rise an extra time, made into bis- 
cuits, let rise again, and baked. The 
crust was always a rich brown. When 
eaten with fresh butter, it was good 
indeed. Mamma had some other 
things ready, too, and Papa added a 



big wedge of cheese. Grandma would 
bring cake and fried chicken, for a 
number of relatives put their dinner 
together. Grandma usually brought 
cinnamon rolls also, not the small 
hard kind one often sees nowadays, 
but large and light. They were 
made of light bread dough, rolled out 
in a cushiony sheet, covered gener- 
ously with butter and sugar and with 
just the right amount of cinnamon, 
rolled up and sliced, let rise an extra 
time, and baked. I have never seen 
any since as good. 

One great drawback to me was 
that though most of the picnickers 
brought their dinners in market bas- 
kets, and some even in dishpans or 
big kettles, we brought ours in a red 
wooden box with a lid. No one else 
did that. Ordinarily, this box held 
the cheesecloth casing for the fresh 
curd, but on the Fourth of July this 
casing was taken out, and the box, 
well-lined with papers and an old 
tablecloth, was ready for our lunch. 
Money was scarce, I knew, but if 
Papa thought it important, he would 
manage someway the fifteen or twenty 
cents a market basket cost and get 
one. Once he had paid thirty -five 
cents for a new Sunday School song- 
book. 

But red box, new dresses, small 
brother and sister, Bessie and I, Papa 
and Mamma, were all in the spring 
wagon and on our way. 

As we neared the grove, the excit- 
ing, well-remembered Fourth-of-July 
odors came to our nostrils: fire- 
crackers, both fresh and burnt out; 
lighted matches; small popping 
things; a faint fragrance of fried 
chicken, cakes, and pickles from the 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



FOURTH OF JULY 



by Mary E. Wincbell 



lunch containers; and the good smell 
of new lumber used in various ways 
in the grove. 

Mingled with these distinctive odors 
was the pleasant hum of friendly 
voices, for farm people worked hard 
and seldom got together. 

Of course there were farmers who 
felt they could not leave their work. 
That was understood. But there were 
some people in town even near the 
college, who did not enjoy speeches. 
Papa could not understand that. Some 
did not enjoy getting up a picnic 
dinner. / did not understand that. 
Those of us who came year after 
year, if it didn't rain, enjoyed the day 
very much. 

The band was already assembling 
when we arrived, and we hastened 
to find a good seat. Improvised seats 
had been made from the new lumber. 
Bessie stood close to Papa, but she 
was looking around to see if she 
could find Grandma. She did, not 
very far away, and went to sit be- 
side her, leaning against her lovingly. 
Our small brother and sister did not 
want to get too far away from Mam- 
ma in such a crowd, for there must 
have been seventy-five or perhaps a 
hundred people there. I felt old and 
a little aloof from the family, and so 
I sat on the end of the seat and 
watched a few latecomers go by. My 
small, blonde, second cousins Clara 
and Walter went by hand in hand, 
utterly oblivious to the crowd, the 
band, and the dignitaries, looking 
down one seat after another until 
they found the person they were look- 
ing for — their grandmother. They 
slid past those on the seat, and she 
made room for them, one on each 
side. 

The band began to play, wonder- 
ful music — unbelievable, that such 
sounds could come from those inani- 
mate instruments! After the band 
had played all the patriotic airs it 
could, we all stood and sang, "My 

JULY 1952 



Country 'Tis of Thee." Some of the 
older ones, whether born in this 
country or not, wiped away a few 
tears, as did my grandmother, for 
this was now their country in very 
earnest, and many had lost brothers 
or sons in the Civil War. Both my 
grandparents had lost brothers. 

When the singing was over, the 
audience sat down again, carefully, 
for sometimes those benches had been 
known to collapse, especially if too 
many heavy ones sat on the same 
board. 

There was an expectant hush as 
the speaker was introduced — a young 
lawyer from Clarinda, the county 
seat. All had looked forward to the 
speech and would discuss it for days; 
at least it was so with my folk. It 
was a great disappointment if the 
speech was poor. 

When the speech was over, and 
it had seemed as though it never 
would be, people made ready for 
the picnic, moving two of the benches 
together and sitting as best they could 
on the ground or on other benches. 
Uncle Levi brought a small folding 
rocking chair for Aunt Agnes, for he 
took good care of her. Some towns- 
people went home for their dinner 
and came back later to visit. 

When all was ready, Papa went 
to the spring wagon for our lunch 
box. I hoped he would carry it 
inconspicuously so that people would 
not notice it, but no — he came back, 
striding along, the small sister under 
one arm and the red box under the 
other, looking pleased, as though all 
he thought about was the food. The 
relatives admired our dresses, and no 
one seemed to notice the box, but the 
opinion of grown folk is not very 
important anyway. 

When the good dinner was over, the 
older people settled down for a rest 
and visit. For the children, there 
were foot races, in which Cousin 
Louie's boy, Charlie, won. The girls 



did not take part since nearly all had 
new dresses, and they had to take 
care of them. I wouldn't have com- 
peted anyway, for though I was next 
to the fastest runner in my country 
school, I wouldn't have thought of 
competing with town children. 

And so we girls, as well as the 
grown folk, visited together. We sat 
on the green grass under the plat- 
form, a most fascinating place, until 
the boys began running and jumping 
over our heads, on the not too stable 
platform, and our parents ordered 
us out. After that we walked around 
on the college grounds as we had 
seen young ladies do. We talked 
of the money we had to spend, and 
where we got it. Beulah said, "Byron 
(her three-months-old brother) had 
a nickel to spend for the Fourth, and 
so he got himself some safety pins." 
That was such a good joke that it 
gave us many a giggle during the 
afternoon. 

But a small girl said to me, "Why 
do you bring your lunch in a red 
box?" 

That wasn't funny, but most em- 
barrassing, and all I could think of 
to say, was, "Papa says it keeps 
cleaner that way." Though that 
wasn't the real reason, as what was? 

I noticed two unfamiliar little girls 
wearing pretty white dresses with 
embroidery. I said to a friend, "Those 
girls have very pretty dresses." 

"Yes" she answered, "but they are 
as poor as drakes." 

However "poor" that might have 
been, the answer should not have 
been a comfort to me, but it seemed 
to be. Heretofore, I had supposed 
that all people wearing fine clothes 
were wealthy. 

We went back to the grove, for 
there was a new excitement there: 
Something special for the children, 
something they had never seen: 
a merry-go-round. It had been 

(Continued on page 526) 
509 



My dear F. 

Moroni assures us that it is the 
Lord who is running things, and 
that men miss the whole point 
and meaning of their lives by failing 
to recognize the fact: "... the winds 
have gone forth out of my mouth, and 
also the rains," (Ether 2:24) he tells 
the brother of Jared — but to men it 
does not seem that way, for the Lord 
is constantly showing forth "great 
power, which looks small to the un- 
derstanding of men." {Ibid., 3:5.) 
Men simply do not have faith and 
so deny themselves the blessings and 
the powers that might be theirs — 
boundless knowledge, "knowledge of 
all things" that is "hid up because of 
unbelief." (Ibid., 4:13.) Given faith, 
God will not withhold from us a 
knowledge of all things. And ironical- 
ly enough, men know that they 
should have faith even apart from 
the thought of any reward, "for it 
persuadeth [men] to do good." (II 
Nephi 33:4.) You begin with hop- 
ing — "man must hope, or he cannot 
receive an inheritance," (Ether 
12:32) for "faith is things which are 
hoped for and not seen; wherefore, 
dispute not because ye see not, for 



. ] 



The WORLD of the 

JAREDITES 



Conclusion 



by Hugh Nibley, Ph.D. 



ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR, HISTORY AND RELIGION, 
BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY 




— Photograph used by permission of 
Chamber of Commerce, Alexandria, Minn. 



The Kensington Runestone 



ye receive no witness until after the 
trial of your faith." (Id., 6.) "... If 
there be no faith among the children 
of men God can do no miracle among 
them," (Id., 12) for he "workest unto 
the children of men according to their 
faith." (See Id., 29.) 

Nothing is harder than to con- 
vince a man of a thing he has not 
experienced: "Ether did prophesy 
great and marvelous things unto the 
people, which they did not believe, 
because they saw them not." (Id., 5.) 
Those without faith live in a world 
of their own which to them seems 
logical and final; they take the very 
unscientific stand that beyond the 
realm of their own very limited ex- 
perience nothing whatever exists I 
God's works to them look small, and 
they will never be cured of their 
myopia until they are willing to face 
facts and pass a test that only the 
honest in heart can consider without 
a chill of aversion. The test is this: 
"... if men come unto me, I will 
show unto them their weakness. I 
give unto men weakness that they 
may be humble; . . . then will I make 
weak things become strong unto 
them." (Id., 27.) What man of the 
world or posturing Ph.D. is ever going 
to ask for weakness? The men of the 
world seek for the things of the world, 
the realities they know — and the 
greatest of these are "power and 
gain." Through the ages, the book of 
Ether assures us, men have sought 
these things as their highest goal, 
and have invariably made the tragic 
discovery that the key to control over 
one's fellow men, i.e., the key to 
power and gain, lies in three things: 
secrecy, organization, and freedom 
from moral scruples, especially from 
squeamishness in the matter of shed- 
ding blood. Of these three things 
Moroni says: "the Lord worketh not 
in secret combinations, neither doth 
he will that man should shed blood, 
but in all things hath forbidden it, 



510 



from the beginning of man." (Ibid., 
8:19.) These things, the prophet 
explains, have destroyed one civiliza- 
tion after another, and shall continue 
to destroy "whatsoever nation shall 
uphold such secret combinations." 
(Id., 22.) 

We seem to be reading Thucy- 
dides, who comments on Greek his- 
tory just as Moroni does on Jaredite: 
Men who live for this world only 
invariably become dangerous para- 
noiacs who destroy themselves and all 
connected with them. But the Greeks 
never showed us the other side of the 
picture. It is there that the book of 
Ether far surpasses all other com- 
mentaries on human history. The 
greatest of Greeks taught us, wrote 
Goethe, that "life on this earth is a 
hell." Farther than that they could 
not go. But the book of Ether 
teaches us that life on this earth can 
be heaven, that there actually have 
been many "before Christ came, who 
could not be kept from within the 
veil, but truly saw with their eyes 
the things which they had beheld 
with an eye of faith, and they were 
glad." (Ibid., 12:19.) Here we are 
not dealing with the usual platitudes 
and truisims to the effect that if men 
would only behave themselves and 
help each other, they would have no 
troubles — men have always known 
that, only too well. 

Ether shows us human society di- 
vided into two groups, not the good 
and the bad as such, but those who 
have faith and those who do not. 
They live in totally different worlds, 
the one group in real heaven, the 
other in a real hell. In no uncertain 
terms we are shown just what kind 
of world the faithless make for them- 
selves to live in. This is Moroni's 
tract for our times. A generation ago 
the doings of the grim and bloody 
maniacs of the Asiatic steppe were as 
far removed from the thought and 

(Concluded on page 550) 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



MILLIES 

NEW 
BONNET 



by Leona Bammes Gardner 



Millie gazed with satisfaction at 
the piece of hand-woven cloth 
waving gently on the line. 

"Oh, Mother, it's just perfect!" she 
exclaimed. 

"Yes, Millie, it took the dye very 
well," her mother replied. 

"It's a beautiful yellow, Mother. 
Look, it is just the shade of the daffo- 
dils Grandmother had on the south 
side of her house. Oh — " Millie 
clapped her hand to her mouth in 
dismay, suddenly conscious of having 
said the wrong thing. She watched 
her mother's eyes cloud with pain and 
her thin cheeks tighten. She remem- 
bered Grandmother's bitterness in 
that long ago day when her mother 
had announced her intention of 
joining the Church. Millie had not 
been very old at the time, but she 
remembered well the tears and re- 
proaches, the unhappiness in the 
once happy and cheerful household. 
She remembered her mother's anguish 
when her grandfather delivered his 
final edict: 

"Chloe, if you go with those dad- 
ratted Mormons, you need never 
darken this door again! You've al- 
ready brought disgrace upon the 
house that has sheltered you these 
many years by consorting with those 
upstarts, those — " but here words 
failed him for the moment. "Claim- 
ing to have seen visions — pah! Why 
can't you be satisfied with your own 
religion?" 

The words rang again in Millie's 
head, but she was too young and 
light of heart to brood long over the 
past. She surveyed with justifiable 
pride the results of months of hard 
work. She was to have a new dress 
out of the lovely yellow cloth. She 

JULY 1952 




wished there were enough for 
Priscilla, the sister two years younger 
than herself, to have a new dress, 
too. Somehow it seemed a little 
selfish of her to have a new dress 
when Priscilla could not have one; 
but there was her old brown alpaca 
that was too small for her now, and 
if Mother put new lace at the neck, 
it would be almost as good as a new 
dress. What a lovely color the cloth 
was! Sometimes the homemade dyes 
didn't turn out so well, and then the 
cloth was streaked and ugly. She 
had worked so hard for this dress, 
having carded and spun all the wool 
herself, after her mother had washed 
it thoroughly. She had done most 
of the weaving, too, though Mother 
and Priscilla had helped. She was 
glad they had a few sheep of their 
own, for cloth from the east was 
expensive and hard to get, and there 
was certainly no money for anything 
like that now. She would help 
Priscilla weave cloth for a dress right 
away, and perhaps by fall she could 
have a new dress, too. 

Millie wished desperately, as any 
sixteen -year- old girl might, that she 
could have a new bonnet to go with 
the dress — to wear to the Pioneer 
day celebration. Her mother could 
get the dress made by then, she 
hoped, but, oh, for a bonnet with 
flowers and lace, and yards and 
yards of satin ribbon! She remem- 



bered a bonnet her grandmother had 
worn on very special occasions — 
dark red velvet it was, with yards 
of red satin ribbon streamers and 
satin lining and a big, big red rose 
set on the crown. But, of course, 
hers would have to be yellow. 

Her mother's call broke into Mil- 
lie's dreams. There was too much to 
do in the house to be idle long. 
Millie picked her way carefully back 
into the house. Her bare feet had 
not yet toughened enough for her 
to run quickly, as was her habit. She 
wished briefly that she had another 
pair of shoes, so that she might not 
have to go barefoot again this sum- 
mer. At sixteen, one was a young 
woman, and it was no longer digni- 
fied to run around in bare feet. In 
the house she picked up her one pair 
of shoes and looked at them again. 
They were very shabby, and the 
soles were thin. If she were to have 
any shoes to wear to church, she 
would have to take good care of 
these. She shrugged her shoulders 
philosophically. Oh, well, what did 
it matter if she went barefoot around 
the house? Her new dress would 
cover the shabby shoes when she 
went to church, anyway. 

Millie looked up in time to see a 
team and wagon stop before their 
front door. She ran out and watched 
two men unload a heavy wooden 

(Continued on page 534) 
511 



MELCHIZEDEK...KING of Salem 



A 



Dm L^kaneS C-. *~Maqqert 



PARTI 

ON the roster of the world's great 
men in the pre-Mosaic times 
appear the names of such il- 
lustrious figures as Adam, Enoch, 
Noah, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. 
One of Abraham's less-known con- 
temporaries, however, deserves a 
rank of honor with even these no- 
table patriarchs. He is Melchizedek, 
king of Salem. He has sometimes 
been regarded as human and as di- 
vine, as historical and as mytholog- 
ical, being "without father, without 
mother, without descent, having 
neither beginning of days, nor end 
of life." 1 

The Name Melchizedek — In the 
original Hebrew his name is Malki- 
zedek. The Malchi is derived from 
the Hebrew word melek which 
signifies "king"; and Xedek is from 
cedhek meaning "righteousness"; 
therefore, the literal meaning of the 
name is "king of righteousness." He 
is sometimes called Adonizedek, as 
in the Book o[ Jasherf Adoni is a 
derivative of adhon, meaning "mas- 
ter or lord," hence master or lord 
of righteousness. 

Who was Melchizedek? — That 
Melchizedek is not his real name 
but an honorary title is maintained 
by some, and this assumption may 
not seem improbable in view of the 
fact that occasionally a man's name 
was changed as a result of some 
outstanding event or circumstance 
in his life. Two men whose names 
were so changed were Esau who 
was renamed Edom, and Jacob who 
was later called Israel. In the Hag- 
gada and in the apocryphal Book 
of Jasher, Melchizedek is identified 
with Shem, the son of Noah. 

To the Jewish propagandists of Alex- 
andria who were eager to win proselytes 
to Judaism without submitting them to the 
rite of circumcision, Melchizedek ap- 
pealed with especial force as a type of a 
monotheist of the pre-Abrahamic time or 
of the non-Jewish race like Enoch. Like 
Enoch, too, he was apotheosized. 

The rabbis of later generations rather 
antagonistic to the cosmopolitan monothe- 
ism of Alexandria identified Melchizedek 
with Shem, the ancestor of Abraham. . . . 3 

And Adonizedek, king of Jerusalem, the 
same was Shem went out with his men 
to meet Abram and his people with bread 

512 



and wine, and they remained together in 
the valley of Melech.* 

This view is supported by the fact 
that the genealogical data of Gene- 
sis chapter eleven reveals that Shem 
was a contemporary of Abraham 
and outlived him by thirty-five 
years. 

While the foregoing appears pos- 
sible, it is also highly questionable. 
In the first place this theory of the 
identity of Melchizedek receives no 
confirmation from any authentic 
scripture, ancient or modern. The 
Book of Jasher, so most scholars 
believe, dates only from the Middle 
Ages; consequently, little impor- 
tance can be attached to its state- 
ment. As for the rabbinical litera- 
ture, the weight of evidence indi- 
cates that the rabbis [Jewish priests] 
identified Melchizedek with Shem 
for argumentative rather than for 
historical reasons principally ( 1 ) so 
that they could refute the Alex- 
andrian doctrine of noncircumcision 
for proselytes, and (2) that they 
might defend themselves against 
what was said of Christ being a 
high priest like Melchizedek. The 
scholarly consensus is that their 
claims are not based on historical 
fact. 

In a revelation received by the 
Prophet Joseph Smith in 1832, the 
following appears in reference to 
the descent of the High Priesthood: 



aaeriu~ 



father. One will face considerable 
difficulty, therefore, in proving 
Shem and the king of Salem to be 
the same person. 

Rise of Paganism — The age of 
Melchizedek was a period of Ham- 
itic domination among the ancient 
nations. Egypt, which had been 
settled by Egyptus, the daughter of 
Ham, and her sons, had risen in 
power and had extended her sway 
into the Tigris-Euphrates valleys, 
religiously if not politically. The 
Pharoah of that period was prob- 
ably not the son of Egyptus but 
another bearing the same name or 
title. Thus, the Egyptians were 
Hamites. The Hamites were repre- 
sented in Palestine by the Canaan- 
ites (Gen. 9:18, 22; 10:6) and in 
Mesopotamia by Nimrod and his 
followers. 

Of the Canaanites who inhabited 
the same section of Palestine as 
Melchizedek, Dr. Lord says: 

They are supposed in their invasions 
to have conquered the aboriginal inhab- 
itants, whose remote origin is veiled in 
impenetrable obscurity, but who retained 
some principles of the primitive religion. 
It is even possible that Melchizedek, the 
unconquered King of Salem who blessed 
Abram, belonged to those original people 
who were of Semitic origin. Nevertheless 
the Canaanites, or Hamitic tribes, were at 
this time the dominant inhabitants. 7 

With the Canaanitish conquests 
went their idolatrous worship, 
Baalism probably had its inception 



. . . so Melchizedek ordained Abraham and sent 
him away. Abraham rejoiced, saying, now I have 
a priesthood. 

(Teachings of the Prophet Joseph 
Smith, pp. 322-323.) 



"Which Abraham received the 
priesthood from Melchizedek, who 
received it through the lineage of 
his fathers, even till Noah." (Italics 
ours. ) If Shem and Melchizedek 
were identical, how could Melchize- 
dek receive the priesthood "through 
the lineage of his fathers even till 
Noah?" It is obvious that no fathers 
could exist between a son and his 



about this time. Among other things 
it was characterized by human sac- 
rifice and gross sensuality. Sodom 
and Gomorrah even became so 
wicked that God in his mercy de- 
stroyed them. Many of the ancients, 
including Terah the father of 
Abraham, apostatized from the 
Church. Noah remained true to 
God, but among his descendants 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




only the staunchest were able to 
resist the ruthless, sensual, and al- 
luring apostate religion. Many who 
would not accept the new religion 
were sacrificed as the priest of 
Elkenah attempted to do to Abra- 
ham. Such was the condition of 
the world that but few remained 
faithful to the God of Noah. 

Melchizedek's Childhood — The 
Prophet Joseph Smith's inspired 
translation of the Holy Scriptures 
is the most extensive source avail- 
able concerning Melchizedek's life. 
Of his childhood, the record says: 

Now Melchisedek was a man of faith, 
who wrought righteousness; and when a 
child he feared God and stopped the 
mouths of lions, and quenched the vio- 
lence of fire. 8 

This contains elements similar to 
the experiences of Daniel and of 

JULY 1952 



the three Hebrew children. Un- 
doubtedly the lad had attained the 
age when he had sufficient compre- 
hension of God to "fear" or love 
him. Was he cast into a den of 
lions and a fiery furnace for his 
convictions? One may speculate, 
but the scriptures give no further 
information. Except for the fore- 
going quotation, nothing is known 
of the parentage, the childhood, or 
the youth of Melchizedek. 

Melchizedek Receives the Priest" 
hood — Not only was Melchizedek 
obedient as a child but also as a 
young man, and by his obedience 
he merited the Holy Priesthood 
which he received from some right- 
eous man of God. 

And thus, having been approved of 
God, he was ordained an high priest 
after the order of the covenant which 
God made unto Enoch, 



It being after the order of the Son of 
God; which order came, not by man, 
nor the will of man; neither by father 
nor mother; neither by beginning of days 
nor end of years but of God; 

And it was delivered unto men by the 
calling of his own voice, according to 
his own will, unto as many as believed 
on his name. 

For God having sworn unto Enoch and 
unto his seed with an oath by himself; 
that every one being ordained after this 
order and calling should have power, by 
faith, to break mountains, to divide the 
seas, to dry up waters, to turn them out 
of their course; 

To put at defiance the armies of na- 
tions, to divide the earth, to break every 
band, to stand in the presence of God; 
to do all things according to his will, 
according to his command, subdue princi- 
palities and powers; and this by the will 
of the Son of God which was from before 
the foundation of the world. 

And men having this faith, coming up 
unto this order of God, were translated 
and taken up into heaven. 

And now, Melchisedek was a priest 
after this order. . . . 10 

The foregoing statement is one 
of the most comprehensive and most 
inspiring of all recorded references 
relating to the power of the Holy 
Priesthood. 

The Question of Historicity — 
Paul probably had access to the 
scripture of Genesis 14:28 similar 
to those recorded in the Inspired 
Revision as he refers in his epistle 
to the Hebrews in almost identical 
words. Unfortunately, the Author- 
ized Version of Hebrews 7:3 has 
caused some confusion. It speaks 
of Melchizedek as being: 

Without father, without mother, with- 
out descent, having neither beginning of 
days, nor end of life, but made like unto 
the Son of God; abideth a priest continu- 
ally. 11 

This quotation has been used by 
some to discredit the historicity of 
Melchizedek. The matter is clari- 
fied, however, when one applies the 
statement to the priesthood instead 
of the man. That passage was cor- 
rected by Joseph Smith to read: 

For this Melchisedec was ordained a 
priest after the order of the Son of God, 
which order was without father, without 
mother, without descent, having neither 
beginning of days, nor end of life. And 
all those who are ordained unto this 
priesthood are made like unto the Son of 
God, abiding a priest continually. 12 

Paul is here explaining that Christ 
had instituted a higher gospel law 
and a higher priesthood than that 
of the Mosaic Dispensation. It was 
a well-known fact that Abraham 
{Continued on following page) 

513 



MELCHIZEDEK ... KING Of SALEM 



had paid tithes to Melchizedek. 
Paul reasoned, therefore, that the 
whole Mosiac order was subordi- 
nate to Christ since he also was a 
high priest like Melchizedek. Some 
think that Paul used Melchizedek 
as a prototype of Christ; conse- 
quently, his Messianic similarity 
was stressed. These claim that he 
was a type "by reason (a) of his 
twofold dignity as a priest and king, 
(b) by reason of his name 'king 
of justice' (righteousness), (c) by 
reason of the city over which he 
ruled, 'King of Salem, that is, king 

ft "13 
peace. . . . 

Melchizedek, King of Salem — 
Whether Melchizedek became king 
of Salem before or after his ordina- 
tion is not stated. Salem is identi- 
fied with Jerusalem in the oldest 
sources available; 1 * so one may as- 
sume that Melchizedek ruled in the 
Holy City. It was then surrounded 
by the Canaanite cities of Sodom, 
Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboim, and Be- 
la, or Zoar, all of which were small 
city-states each under a king who 
in turn owed allegiance to a greater 
ruler. The government of Salem, 
at least, seems to have been patri- 
archal in form since Melchizedek 
"did reign under his father." 15 After 
the death of the great high priest, 
the city became Canaanite either 
by apostasy and fusion of race or 
by conquest, for the Israelites had 
to reconquer it in the days of David. 

Melchizedek — the Missionary — 
During the great apostasy from the 
religion of Noah even the people 
of Salem began to adopt the wicked 
practices of the surrounding na- 
tions. Melchizedek was alone, but 
unmoved. Alma who had access 
to the "brass plates" which con- 
tained the history of the Jews from 
the beginning until Lehi left Jeru- 
salem said of the king of Salem: 

Now this Melchizedek was a king over 
the land of Salem; and his people had 
waxed strong in iniquity and abomination; 
yea, they had all gone astray; they were 
full of all manner of wickedness; 

But Melchizedek having exercised 
mighty faith, and received the office of 
the high priesthood according to the holy 
order of God, did preach repentance unto 
his people. And behold they did repent; 
and Melchizedek did establish peace in 
the land in his days; therefore he was 
called the prince of peace, for he was the 
king of Salem; and he did reign under 
his father. 

514 



Now, there were many before him, and 
also there were many afterwards, but none 
were greater; therefore, of him they [the 
Hebrew prophets] have more particularly 
made mention. 19 {Italics ours.) 

. . . therefore he obtained peace in Salem 
and was called the Prince of peace. 

And his people wrought righteousness, 
and obtained heaven, and sought for the 
city of Enoch which God had before 
taken, separating it from the earth, having 
reserved it unto the latter days, or the 
end of the world; . . . 

And this Melchisedek, having thus es- 
tablished righteousness, was called the 
king of heaven by his people, or, in other 
words, the King of peace. 17 

He was a missionary of great 
faith and ability, and to that faith 
he added works. Such a task could 
be accomplished only by the use of 
much time and effort. It is un- 
likely that his missionary work 
ceased with the conversion of 
Salem. As the work at home be- 
came less pressing, it is highly prob- 
able that Melchizedek and some of 
his converts extended their work 
even into the Tigris and Euphrates 
valleys which was their fatherland. 

The Conversion of Abraham — 
The scriptures do not say that any 
converts were made beyond Salem 
but the ordination of Abraham by 
Melchizedek" raises some interest- 
ing questions. Did Abraham re- 
ceive the priesthood in Ur of the 
Chaldees or in Salem? The scrip- 
tures do not state specifically where 
the ordination took place, but it 
may be implied from the written 
record that he received his priest- 
hood in Chaldea. 

Abraham says that his fathers 
had "turned from their righteous- 
ness, and from the holy command- 
ments which the Lord their God 
had given unto them, unto the wor- 
shiping of the gods of the heathen. 
. . . " 19 Knowing that this condition 
existed it would be only natural for 
the church to attempt to reclaim 
the apostates by missionary work. 
The scriptures indicate that the gos- 
pel was taught to Abraham in 
Chaldea and that he received it and 
also that he sought for the priest- 
hood. Consider his own testimony: 

In the land of the Chaldeans, at the 
residence of my father, I, Abraham, saw 
that it was needful for me to obtain an- 
other place of residence; 

And, finding there was greater happiness 
and peace and rest for me, I sought for 



the blessings of the fathers, and the right 
whereunto I should be ordained to ad- 
minister the same; having been myself a 
follower of righteousness, desiring also 
to be one who possessed great knowledge, 
and to be a greater follower of righteous- 
ness, and to possess a greater knowledge, 
and to be a father of many nations, a 
prince of peace, and desiring to receive 
instructions, and to keep the command- 
ments of God, / became a rightful heir, 
a High Priest, holding the right belonging 
to the fathers. 

It [the priesthood] wa§ conferred upon 
me from the fathers, 20 it came down from 
the fathers, from the beginning of time, 
yea even from the beginning, or before 
the foundations of the earth to the present 
time, even the right of the firstborn, on 
the first man, who is Adam, our first 
father, through the fathers, unto me. 

I sought for mine appointment unto the 
Priesthood according to the appointment 
of God unto the fathers concerning the 
seed. (Italics ours.) 21 

(To be concluded) 

BIBLIOGRAPHY 

Hebrews 7:3. 

2 Book of Jasher 16:11. 

^Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 8, p. 450. 

'Book of Jasher 16:11. 

B Omitted from text. 

"Doctrine and Covenants 84:14. 

7 John Lord, Jewish Heroes and Prophets. 
(Beacon Lights of History, first series) 
p. 34. 

8 I. R.: Genesis 14:26. I. R. is used to 
designate Joseph Smith's revision of the 
Bible. 

"Some believe that the passage has the 
following implications: The "order came, 
not by man (it was not man's by innate 
right) nor the will of man (the priesthood 
is not originated by man) ; neither by father 
nor mother (it does not come as a right 
of patriarchal rule nor matriarchal gov- 
ernment) neither by beginning of years 
(law of the firstborn, primogeniture) nor 
end of years (law of the last born, un- 
timogeniture). ..." 

10 I. R.: Genesis 14:27-33. 

"Authorized Version of Hebrews 7:3. 

M I. R.: Hebrews 7:3. It would appear 
that the author of Hebrews had access to 
the text of the Inspired Revision of Gene- 
sis 14:27-29. 

ls Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 10, p. 157. 

"Many scholars regard Salem and Jeru- 
salem as identical. "Josephus . . . the three 
Targumim, all the later Jewish commenta- 
tors, and Jerome . . . , believing 'Salem' 
to be a shortened form of 'Jerusalem,' 
identify it with the latter place. ..." The 
Jewish Encyclopedia, 10:650. The Tel 
El-Amarna tablets also lend some support 
to this assumption. 

"Alma 13:18. 

16 Alma 13:17-19. When the brass 
plates of Laban come forth they may tell 
us more of Melchizedek. 

"I. R. Genesis 14:33, 34, 36. 

18 Doctrine and Covenants 84:14. 

1B Abraham 1:5. 

M cf. Doctrine and Covenants 84:14. 

21 Abraham 1:1-4. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




TIN 



JE^I^x ^^k^4xele 



HEBER J. GRANT, 
THE LIFE OF A GREAT LEADER 
(Bryant S. Hinckley. Deseret Book Com- 
pany. 1951. 264 pages. $2.50.) 
Derhaps no man now living has had 
longer or more understanding as- 
sociation with President Heber J. Grant 
than Bryant S. Hinckley, the author of 
this brief biography. With Brother 
Hinckley's colorful and characteristic 
economy of words, the spirit of Presi- 
dent Grant's life and labors is por- 
trayed in a sincere and satisfying way, 
including his ancestry, childhood and 
youth, some of his difficulties and busi- 
ness experiences, his family life, his 
Church and community service, and his 
great qualities of character, including 
friendships and philanthropies. Someday 
someone may write a larger and longer 
biography of President Grant, but this 
one by Brother Hinckley will serve the 
purpose well until time has sifted the 
great mass of material that pertains to 
President Grant's long and active life 
and his vital association with a signifi- 
cant century. — R. L. E. 

WINDOWS FOR THE 
CROWN PRINCE 

(Elizabeth Gray Vining. J. B. Lippincott 
Co., New York. 1952. 320 pages. $4.00.) 
"\17ith the clear insight Mrs. Vining 
has shown in her biographies of 
such men as William Penn and her 
sense of the dramatic as evidenced in 
her fiction such as Adam of the Road, 
she has brought to her new assignment 
the warmth of an understanding heart 
and an intelligent desire to be of serv- 
ice in a world too frequently at war. 
In opening Windows for the Crown 
Prince, Mrs. Vining has indeed opened 
windows for all who will read her book. 
Misunderstanding will be replaced with 
understanding; lack of consideration 
with consideration — to the end that 
friendship may once again flourish. 

— M. C. J. 

THE RETURN TO MORALITY 
(Charles W. Tobey. Doubleday & Co., 
Inc., New York. 1952. 123 pages. $2.00.) 
Tn the preface to this book the author 
asks the challenging questions: "Have 
we not . . . eome a long way from the 
true meaning of freedom? Have we 
not come a long way from the true 
meaning of God?" Then the author 
proceeds to develop the thesis in three 
lucid sections: The Indictment, The 
Causes, and The Solution. Gambling, 
organized crime, political machines, all 
JULY 1952 



have indicated the indictment that the 
author issues against citizens of the 
United States. 

A basic cause is war — and the only 
possible solution will be the return to 
decency and righteousness. 

The solution will come with the 
implementation "of our faith by our 
thoughts and words and actions." "The 
real challenge," the author states, "is 
to the individual, who must realize his 
personal responsibility to the nation he 
loves and believes in." 

This is a slender volume that it would 
be well for every person in the United 
States to read and ponder and take to 
heart. — M. C. J. 

SONG IN THE NIGHT 

(Josephine Lawrence. William Morrow 

& Co., New York. 1952. 349 pages. $3.50.) 

jl^iss Lawrence knows how to strike 
vital issues in her novels. This 
one takes as its theme the current "po- 
lice action" and its results on the lives 
of the Miller family, Mrs. Miller par- 
ticularly. Since her eldest son had 
died in World War II, she could not 
face the fact that her second son might 
have to go into the service. However, 
she at last comes to recognize the fact 
that parents must permit their children 
to make some of their own decisions. 

— M. C. /. 

THE HEALING WOODS 
(Martha Reben. Crowell & Co., New 
York. 1952. 250 pages. $3.00.) 
"pOR spring and summer reading this 
is a particularly stimulating — at the 
same time that it is a restful book. 
Martha Reben, close to death when 
she decided to take the desperate chance 
to regain health through living in the 
woods, hired a guide and started on 
her search. Her response to the wild 
life around her and the beauty of the 
woods make delightful reading. She 
found, even as the reader will find, 
peace and understanding together with 
a true sense of values as she shed the 
conformity of city life for the release 
of the woods.— M. C. /. 

ANNE FRANK 

(The Diary of a Young Girl. Trans- 
lated from the Dutch. Doubleday & 
Co., Garden City, N.Y. 1952. 285 pages. 
$3.00.) 

'HThe long, deep thoughts of youth — 

together with the childlike responses 

to life and growth — are found in 

abundance in this book. The heartbreak 



lies in the fact that the gifted, sparkling 
adolescent, Anne Frank, was the victim 
of the tragedy of man's prejudice. The 
book is a bitter indictment of war and 
indicates its devastating effects on 
human beings. This diary will afford 
parents and teachers of youth an amaz- 
ing insight into the life of an adoles- 
cent.— M. C. /. 

CAMPING FOR ALL IT'S WORTH 
(William E. Swanson. Macmillan, New 
York. 1952. 154 pages. $2.95.) 
r jT f o many would-be campers this book 
will come as a great stimulus to 
venture forth for fun in the out-of- 
doors. Full of practical suggestions 
many of which can be used in the city 
as well as on camping trips, the book 
is well worth the initial cost. To 
those who are camping for the first 
time, as well as to the seasoned camper, 
the book has many worth-while con- 
tributions to make. — M. C. /. 

LEGENDS AND LORE 

OF MISSOURI 

(Earl A. Collins. The Naylor Co., San 

Antonio, Texas. 1951. 115 pages. $2.50.) 

As the foreword states, "Not all the 
history of a people is found in text- 
books." The collection offers insight 
into community life when folklore fur- 
nished one of the diversions in a day 
when storytelling, not television or 
radio, flourished. This book will be 
invaluable as a source book for writers 
who wish to revive the period, as well 
as interesting to the general reader. 

— M. C. /. 

HISTORY OF LEHI 

(Published by Lehi Ward, Mesa, Ari- 
zona. 1952. 47 pages. $1.00.) 

HPhis diamond jubilee booklet of the 
Lehi Ward in Mesa, Arizona, is 
replete with source materials of a rare 
nature — which should be preserved for 
every community in the Church. Brief 
biographies of the founders of Lehi as 
well as the history of the community 
under its bishops increase the human 
interest as well as the genuine value 
of the publication. Of specific interest 
to the students of Book of Mormon and 
Indian history is the information of 
"Prehistoric Lehi," with its map of the 
prehistoric canals, as well as prehistoric 
mounds in the vicinity. 

This commendable publication pre- 
serves history that otherwise might be 
lost.— M. C. J. 

515 



Genealogy— 



"The Hearts of The Children . . ." 



by Emma Dunn King 



To Mrs. Harriet King Hutchinson, 
wife of the late Dr. William 
Hutchinson, Pueblo, Colorado, the 
"hobby of genealogy," as she calls 
it, was born when she delved into 
her family tree to produce credentials 
to join the Daughters of the American 
Revolution. From that time on it 
was "in my blood," she says, and 
she searched many years, bought 
books, and ran down leads to obtain 
the records on fifteen lines of her 
family. This hobby was sandwiched 
into her busy life as mother of two 
children, grandmother, homemaker 
for her husband, and her activities 
in Methodist Church circles and 
women's clubs. 

She compiled her family record 
in pamphlet form and presented a 
copy to each of her brothers and 
sisters, -thus my husband, a convert 
to the Church, obtained these rec- 
ords to begin the vicarious work for 
his ancestors. 

After his baptism in 1947, his in- 
terest in the family records grew. 
Soon after he was ordained an elder, 
the first place he was called to serve 
was on the ward genealogical com- 
mittee; later he became chairman of 
the committee. I was to serve with 
him, and the work was new to both of 
us. The Lord provides ways, we 
were soon to learn. 

The first assignment from the 
Blaine (Idaho) Stake committee was 
to copy the cemetery records, and 
we learned there could be difficulties 
in obtaining permission to do so. But 
"the Lord moves in mysterious ways 
his wonders to perform," for it was 
about this time that my husband was 
asked if he would serve as a member 
of the cemetery board. Would he? 
He gladly accepted. In that capacity 
we obtained the books and copied all 
the records, which later were checked 
at the cemetery with the kind as- 
sistance of the sexton. 

We decided to make our "first 
mistakes" on our own group sheets 
before undertaking the task of as- 
sisting a ward member. And thus 
began the copying of the King fam- 
ily records. We read the interesting 

516 



experiences of the King ancestors 
such as, 

Elizabeth Fuller King reared her daugh- 
ters in habits of industry and lace making. 
Her mother was by Queen Elizabeth pre- 
sented a piece of linen, afterwards a care- 
fully preserved heirloom and given to her 
daughter, Agnes. 

And, 

Robert Day was one of the party ac- 
companying Rev. Thomas Hooker, who 
walked from Cambridge to Hartford, Con- 
necticut, in 1636 to settle, and his name 
with that of another relative, Nathaniel 
Ely, is on a monument in Hartford, erected 
to the first settlers. 

This account struck a familiar 
chord, and I turned to my great- 
grandfather's history and read: 

Lieutenant William Pratt and his wife, 
Elizabeth, among the first settlers of Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, accompanied Rev. Thomas 
Hooker and party of about one hundred 
in number, through a dense wilderness 
to settle in what is now Hartford, Con- 
necticut. 

So our ancestors had traveled to- 
gether! As we read of these people 
and became acquainted with our rela- 
tives of 1616 and 1636, we learned 
to know them and love them as our 
family. That these progenitors were 
among the small group of one hun- 
dred who followed Reverend Hooker 
tells us much of their character and 
philosophy of life. Reverend Hooker 
was born in England and educated 
at Cambridge where he attended 
Emmanuel College, the intellectual 
center of Puritanism. His religious 
activities brought upon him the cen- 
sure of Archbishop Laud, and Hooker 
fled to America in 1632 where he 
became pastor of a group of Puri- 



SUN-DAY 

By Elizabeth Travis Martin 

A bright and yellow ball, the sun escapes 
* And rolls into the empty yard of blue. 
This happens daily, so the earth perhaps 
Accepts it — there is little else to do — 
And watches one by one the peek-a-boo 
Of little cloud heads scanning her domain. 
Gathering collective courage, they pursue 
Their wayward toy and, when it's caught 

again, 
They run from earth's dark look, not 

stopping to explain. 



tans in Newtowne (now Cambridge), 
Massachusetts. He was a very able 
and inspiring preacher, and his ideas 
of the freedom of the people to choose 
their own leaders were very much 
in advance of his time. As such a 
leader he and his followers founded 
Hartford where he was pastor of 
the Hartford church until his" death 
in 1647. 

When we filled out our pedigree 
chart to send in for filing, we found 
we lacked four names to complete 
the chart on one line. And about 
this time Aunt Harriet Hutchinson 
came to visit us. One day while 
chatting with her, I remarked that 
we were copying the book she had 
compiled, and to complete a regular 
family pedigree chart we needed four 
names. She answered that she had 
not brought any of her genealogical 
records with her, but she would look 
in an old birthday book she always 
carried. She added that she was 
certain the records wanted would 
not be there, but she would send 
them on her return home if she had 
the information. As she thumbed 
through the pages of the somewhat 
worn book, she pulled out a small 
paper and unfolded its several folds. 
She looked at it for a moment and 
said, "These are the parents of John 
Hansford and Hannah Dillingham." 
Here were our names! We witnessed 
the hand of the Lord helping us in 
a most profound manner. 

This first portion of our work 
reached its culmination July 11, 1950, 
when we motored to the Idaho Falls 
Temple. It was a most glorious ex- 
perience for us all, for after a mem- 
bership in the Church of Jesus Christ 
of Latter-day Saints for three years 
which had placed upon my husband 
the responsibility as heir to his fam- 
ily, he officiated in the vicarious* 
work of confirming 355 ancestors and 
others. 

Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet 
before the coming of the great and dreadful 
day of the Lord: 

And he shall turn the heart of the 
fathers to the children, and the heart of 
the children to their fathers, lest I come 
and smite the earth with a curse. (Malachi 
4:5-6.) 

Truly this spirit rests with Aunt 
Harriet Huchinson, for she stated, 
"Any information I have I will be 
glad to send to you." Our prayer 
for her is that she may have the joy 
of doing for herself that which she 
has made more easily done for those 
who are dead. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




EVELYN FIXED THE WHEEl 



That one night on the desert 
with the Apaches killed all de- 
sire for further travel. 



We all remember the story of the 
woman with the proverbial hair- 
pin. A hairpin isn't the only 
contrivance with which a woman can 
work miracles. Take Evelyn Walton, 
for example, who lived in Eden, Ari- 
zona. 

Once upon a time, as most true 
stories begin — and to be exact, this 
one began in the spring of 1877 — 
Mrs. Walton was returning home 
from Pima, Arizona, when something 
very unusual occurred. She prided 
herself on being a plain, matter-of- 
fact woman; there was nothing out 
of the ordinary about Evelyn. As 
she was driving along, halfway across 
the Gila River bridge, it was made 
known to her that if she did not pre- 
pare and leave immediately for the 
home of her mother in Utah, she 
would not see her alive again. 

She urged the horses forward. She 
must hurry home and get her hus- 
band's reaction to this strange inci- 
dent. Tom Walton realized the sin- 
cerity and anxiety of his wife. She 
was a wonderful helpmate and 
mother, and no sacrifice on his part 
would prevent her from taking this 
trip. 

The wagon was rebuilt. Although 
the spring farm work hadn't really 
begun, his wife should take four of 
their best horses. Tom could depend 
on his neighbors for help. 

In a few days Mrs. Walton, with her 
six children, a neighbor woman and 
her nineteen-year-old daughter, were 
on their way. Everything went fine 
the first day out. They camped at 
Fort Thomas, nearly twelve miles from 

JULY 1952 



Pima, and prepared an early supper. 
They did not wish their fire to signal 
the Apaches that they had visitors on 
the reservation. But the Indians did 
not need a light to tell them they bad 
guests. The travelers went to bed at 
early twilight, the boys in a bed 
under the wagon, the girls and women 
in the wagon box. It was hardly 
dark before they heard voices and 
horses being ridden around their 
camp. The women were helpless 
with fear — they knew the Apaches 
from past cruelties. The Indians 
stayed close until a few hours before 
daylight, when they left as suddenly 
as they appeared, and no one was 
harmed. As the first streaks of dawn 
began lighting up the desert, the 
party was on its way back home. That 
one night on the desert with the 
Apaches killed all desire for further 
travel. But halfway back to Pima 
they met a company of friends going 
to Holbrook, Arizona, and knowing 
there was safety in numbers they 
turned around again to continue their 
journey to Utah. 

The trip was without incident until 
they came to the crossing of the Gila 
River. The stream was swollen near 
to overflowing with the spring run- 
off. A cable had been stretched 
across the water, and the men built 
a small wooden raft which could be 
towed forward and back. Although 
they were helped by some soldiers 
across the river, it took three days to 
get people, provisions, the wagons 
(which had to be taken apart), and 
the horses over the river. 

At Holbrook the party divided, Mrs. 



by Isabel le W. Anderson 



Walton's group and a Brother B — , 
with four small children, going to 
Utah. Brother B — had only two 
horses, and most of the way had been 
uphill. He had often remarked that 
he couldn't have kept up with the 
company if Mrs. Walton hadn't 
pulled him up these steep inclines 
with her two teams. 

Near Kanab, Utah, the roads be- 
came grooved and deeply furrowed. 
They were all but impassable. Mrs. 
Walton pulled out of one deep diffi- 
culty right into another. She had 
begun to think the worst was over 
when it happened — the front wheels 
were locked in a mudhole. She urged 
and eased her horses carefully, coax- 
ing with all the power at her com- 
mand. Then there was a jerk and a 
crash! 

Mrs. Walton was out of the wagon 
in an instant. All of the spokes in 
one wheel were broken. She became 
frightened, panicky — what could she 
do? Nine people were stranded on a 
lonely, desert road. A ray of hope 
lay in the fact that Brother B — was 
behind them. How grateful she was 
that she had given him so much as- 
sistance back on the trail. Now he 
would help her. She remembered a 
rope he was using to make a bed. 
By boring holes into the projections 
of the wagon box, he laced the rope 
forward and backward into these 
holes and made a comfortable bed 
for his children. 

{Continued on page 525) 




517 




TOTAL SUBSCRIPTIONS 

Another great Era subscription 
campaign is now history. 
L It has truly been a remarkable 
demonstration of loyalty and coopera- 
tion with outstanding results. 

The Improvement Era now goes 
into more homes of members, friends, 
and investigators and is read by more 
people than at any other time in its 
history. It also goes to more service- 
men than at any time since the last 
war and to more Lamanites than 
ever before. The "Read-and-Keep- 
The-Improvement-Era" campaign 
truly has been "the greatest campaign 
in Era history." 

Citations Extraordinary 

Missions 
Southern States 

Stakes 
South Los Angeles 

Leader of Leaders Citations 

Stakes 

San Diego Stake; South Los Angeles 
Stake. 

Mission Districts 

Alabama District — Southern States 
Mission; Central Florida District — 
Southern States Mission; Georgia Dis- 

518 



YELLOWSTONE STAKE, 
first row, left to right: 
President William J. 
Lewis; Royal Jensen, 
Y.M.M.I.A. superinten- 
dent; Myrtle W. Rudd, 
Y.W.M.I.A. president; 
Robert Barclay, Y.M. 
M.I.A. Era director; 
Veda Smith, Y.W.M.I.A. 
Era director. 

NORTH DAVIS STAKE, 
second row, left to 
right: President George 
Harold Holt; toy F. 
Blake, Y.M.M.I.A. su- 
perintendent; Cora Kil- 
foyle, Y.W.M.I.A. presi- 
dent; George S. Stuart, 
Y.M.M.I.A. Era direc- 
tor; Leda M. Stuart, 
Y.W.M.I.A. Era director. 

BLACKFOOT STAKE, 
third row, left to right: 
President Parley A. 
Arave; P. Merrill Pack- 
er, Y.M.M.I.A. super- 
intendent, Lola Bitten, 
Y.W.M.I.A. president; 
Leonard Briggs, Y.M. 
M.I.A. Era director; 
Adrienne Briggs, Y.W. 
M.I.A. Era director. 

SOUTH IDAHO FALLS 
STAKE, fourth row, left 
to right; President Ce- 
cil E. Hart; Loran Sum- 
mers, Y.M.M.I.A. su- 
perintendent; Mrs. Flor- 
ence Orme, Y.W.M.I.A. 
president; M. J. Wright, 
Y.M.M.I.A. Era director. 

LONG BEACH STAKE, 
fifth row, left to right: 
President Virgil H. 
Spongberg; William C. 
Price, Y.M.M.I.A. su- 
perintendent; Mrs. Dor- 
othy Barnes, Y.W.M.I.A. 
president, Rodney Price, 
Y.M.M.I.A. Era direc- 
tor; Florence Price, 
Y.W.M.I.A. Era direc- 
tor. 



SOUTH LOS ANGELES 
STAKE, first row, left 
to right: President 
William Noble Waite; 
Clifford B. Wright, 
first counselor; and 
Harold F. Wbittier, 
second counselor; Mar- 
vin E. Jacobson, Y.M. 
M.I.A. Superintendent; 
Edna Harris, Y.W.M.I.A. 
president. 

SOUTH DAVIS STAKE, 
second row, left to 
right: President Thom- 
as Amby Briggs; Calvin 
Christenson, Y.M.M.I.A. 
superintendent; Alice 
R. Glissmeyer, Y.W. 
M.I.A. president; Rob- 
ert Ashdown, Y.M. 
M.I.A. Era director; 
Bernice Arbuckle, Y.W. 
M.I.A. Era director. 

MOAPA STAKE, third 
row, left to right: Presi- 
dent Thomas Myers; 
Joseph W. Wendel, 
Y.M.M.I.A. superinten- 
dent; Lueen J. King, 
Y.W.M.I.A. president; 
Jereld H. Cameron, Y.M. 
M.I.A. Era director; 
Mrs. Jereld Cameron, 
Y.W.M.I.A. Era direc- 
tor. 

MOUNT OGDEN STAKE, 
fourth row, left to 
right: President Olin H. 
Ririe; James T. Under- 
wood, Y.M.M.I.A. su- 
perintendent; Lucile 
Stratford, Y.W.M.I.A. 
president; D. Ray Wil- 
kinson, Y.M.M.I.A. Era 
director, Mrs. Reba 
Hendricks, Y.W.M.I.A. 
Era director. 

PHOENIX STAKE, fifth 
row, left to right: 
President David Evans 
Heywood, Sr.; Bernard 
F. Magnussen, Y.M. 
M.I.A. Superintendent; 
Fay Bond, Y.W.M.I.A. 
president. Miles Rom- 
ney, Y.M.M.I.A. Era di- 
rector, Melba Romney, 
Y.W.M.I.A. Era direc- 
tor. 



The ERAS 



March of 



trict — Southern States Mission; Geor- 
gia-Florida District — Southern States 
Mission; Mississippi District — South- 
ern States Mission; North Alabama 
District — Southern States Mission; 
North Mississippi District — Southern 
States Mission; South Carolina Dis- 
trict — Southern States Mission; South 
Florida District — Southern States 
Mission; South Georgia District — 
Southern States Mission; West Florida 
District — Southern States Mission; 
West South Carolina District — 
Southern States Mission; Lake Dis- 
trict — North Central States Mission; 
Red River District — North Central 
States Mission. 

Standard Citation Winners 

Stakes 

Percent of Quota 

*South Los Angeles, 496%; *San 
Diego, 491%; South Carolina, 341%; 
Spokane, 321%; *Moapa, 304%; 
Union, 294%; Florida, 287%; *Yel- 

♦Double Citation Winners 
TOTAL SUBSCRIPTIONS 




Progress 

Continues 



by John D. Giles 

BUSINESS MANAGER 

lowstone, 279%; *Los Angeles, 266%; 
Young, 260%; *South Davis, 251%; 
*Big Horn, 247%; *South Idaho 
Falls, 247%; Minidoka, 240%; Leth- 
bridge, 231%. 

Total Subscriptions 

*South Los Angeles, 2,307; *San 
Diego, 1,609; *South Davis, 1,565 
*Moapa, 1,375; Mt Ogden, 1,110 
Phoenix, 1,088; * Yellowstone, 1,070 
North Davis, 1,057; Blackfoot, 1,041 
*Los Angeles, 965; *Big Horn, 929 
*South Idaho Falls, 915; Long Beach, 
869. 

Missions 

Percent of Quota 

*Southern States, 661%; *North 
Central States, 591%; Canadian, 

PERCENT OF QUOTA 



SAN DIEGO STAKE, 
first row, left to right: 
President Wallace W. 
Johnson; Lowell Ander- 
son, Y.M.M.I.A. super- 
intendent; Mrs. Kay 
Colder, Y. W. M. I. A. 
president; Cyrus W. 
Greaves, Y.M.M.I.A. Era 
director. 

SOUTH CAROLINA 
STAKE, second row, 
left to right: President 
W. Wallace McBride; 
O. Harold Joyner, Y.M. 
M.I.A. superintendent; 
Alice Timmons, Y.W. 
M.I.A. president; Archel 
D. Sanders, Y.M.M.I.A. 
Era director; Bertha N. 
Cook, Y.W.M.I.A. Era 
director. 

SPOKANE STAKE, third 
row, left to right: 
President Albert I. Mor- 
gan; Wendell H. Jacob- 
sen, Y.M.M.I.A. super- 
intendent; Keith Collier, 
Y. M. M. I. A. superin- 
tendent; Olive M. Jones, 
Y.W.MJ.A. president; 
Eldon Jones, Y.M.M.I.A. 
Era director. 

UNION STAKE, fourth 
row, left to right: 
President Milan D. 
Smith; Alton Baxter, 
Y.M.M.I.A. superintend- 
ent; Naomi E. Perry, 
Y.W.M.I.A. president; 
James H. Thompson, 
Y.M.M.I.A. Era direc- 
tor; Mrs. Thelma Buck- 
waiter, Y.M.M.I.A. Efa 
director. 

FLORIDA STAKE, fifth 
row, left to right: Presi- 
dent Alvin C. Chace; 
Edward H. Murray, Y.M. 
M.I.A. superintendent; 
Elsie Starling, Y.W. 
M.I.A. president; Mrs. 
Ollie Mae Avery, Y.W. 
M.I.A. Era director. 







«£ 








LOS ANGELES STAKE, 
first row, left to right: 
President John M. Rus- 
son; George Lynn Hog- 
gan, Y.M.M.I.A. su- 
perintendent; Miss Er- 
ma Neilson, Y.W.M.I.A. 
president; Harvey H. 
Sessions, Y.M.M.I.A. 
Era director; Dorothy 
Kenison, Y.W.M.I.A. Era 
director. 

YOUNG STAKE, second 
row, left to right: Presi- 
dent Willard C. Stol- 
worthy; Claude A. 
Decker, Y.M.M.I.A. su- 
perintendent; S a 1 1 i e 
Decker, Y. W. M. I. A. 
president; Virgil W. 
Slade, Y.M.M.I.A. Era 
director; Mrs. Virgil W. 
Slade, Y.W.M.I.A. Era 
director. 

BIG HORN STAKE, 
third row, left to right: 
President Frank H. 
Brown; Brownie J. 
Brown; Y.M.M.I.A. su- 
perintendent; Gladys 
Emmett, Y. W. M. I. A. 
president; Wallace 
Baird, Y.M.M.I.A. Era 
director; Mrs. Bertha 
Baird, Y.W.M.I.A. Era 
director. 

MINIDOKA STAKE, 

fourth row, left to right: 
President Davis Green; 
James H. Williams, 
Y.M.M.I.A. superintend- 
ent; Lamona Hymas, 
Y.W.M.I.A. president; 
Emanuel Kerbs, Y.M. 
M.I.A. Era director; 
Mrs. Emanuel Kerbs, 
Y.W.M.I.A. Era direc- 
tor. 

LETHBRIDGE STAKE, 
fifth row, left to right: 
President Octave W. 
Ursenbach; Donald Liv- 
ingstone, Y.M.M.I.A. 
superintendent; Emily 
Stringam, Y.W.M.I.A. 
president; Job Llewelyn, 
Y.M.M.I.A. Era director; 
Katie Llewelyn, Y.W. 
M.I.A. director. 



PERCENT OF QUOTA 

384%; *Eastern States, 368%; West- 
ern Canadian, 362%; New England, 

338%. 

Missions 

Total Subscriptions 

*Southern States, 4,839; *Eastern 
States, 1,097; *North Central States, 
1,022; Great Lakes, 988; West Central 
States, 886. 

Stakes or missions with stars are 
double citation winners. As both 
citations appear on the same plaque 
and the plan calls for ten stakes and 
four missions in each group to be 
awarded citations, where one group 
is a double citation winner, another 
is moved to the list making a total 
of ten different stakes and four dif- 
ferent missions being awarded cita- 
tions in each class. 

Greatest Percent of Gain 
Missions 

*New England Mission, 102 points 
Greatest gain in percent of quota. 

Western States Mission, 69% 

Highest percent of gain in total 
subscriptions. 

(Continued on following page) 

519 






THE ERA'S MARCH OF PROGRESS CONTINUES 



(Continued from preceding page) 
Stakes 

San Diego Stake, 269 points 
Greatest gain in percent of quota. 

Spokane Stake, 202% 

Greatest percent of gain in total 
subscriptions. 

Citation Winners 

Wards and Stake Branches 

Group A Wards — Percent of Quota 

Iona Branch, Big Horn Stake, 
900%; Meeteetse Branch, Big Horn 
Stake, 725%. 

Group A Wards — -Total Subscriptions 
Ridgeway Ward, South Carolina 
Stake, 102; Stadium Village Branch, 
University Stake, 83. 

Group B Wards — Percent of Quota 
Huntington Park Ward, South Los 



Angeles Stake, 655%; Walnut Park 
Ward, South Los Angeles Stake, 
643%. 

Group B Wards — Total Subscriptions 
South Gate Ward, South Los 
Angeles Stake, 347; Manchester Ward, 
South Los Angeles Stake, 273. 

Mission Branches 

Group A Branches — Percent of Quota 
Alexandria, North Central States, 
2200%; Fargo, North Central States, 
1500%. 

Group A Branches — Total Subscrip- 
tions 
Ft. Lauderdale, Southern States, 

41; Washington, Eastern States, 40. 

Group B Branches — Percent of Quota 
Sioux Falls, North Central States, 
1833%; West Florida, Southern 
States, 1285%. 




m 








fe The Improvement ■ Eta- 



Bxtw-OrMttary 

AWARDED TO 

South Cos ^Angeles Stake 

hot Snpt:ttor Ac-c&tttplishwi&sH 
in tfie 

Read ami Keep Zhe Bra Campaign 

}.9$i -19-52 

\reptwml Monor Achievements 



S> 



i, I,.Mehr of lsS«5i-rs C 
•2. AlUilne r««d ior sia 
.!. Under <>f afi 'sjIv* in 



Man 





520 



Group B Branches — Total Subscrip- 
tions 

Cincinnati, Great Lakes, 232; 
*Biloxi, Southern States, 167; Albu- 
querque, Western States, 152. 

Citations were presented this year 
at the first Era Award Banquet, held 
at Hotel Utah before a notable gather- 
ing of Church and stake leaders. 

In the course of the campaign, 
many records have been broken. 
Notable is the all-time, all-Church 
record for total subscriptions set by 
Southern States Mission. Its total 
subscriptions were 4,839 — more sub- 
scriptions than have ever before been 
sent in by any unit in the Church. 
In percent of quota its record of 
661% was higher than any other 
unit has ever reached — but slightly 
below last year's record for the same 
mission. This outstanding accom- 
plishment has been rewarded with the 
Citation Extraordinary for the third 
consecutive year. 

South Los Angeles Stake, running 
true to form, set a new all-time all- 
Church record for total subscrip- 
tions for stakes — 2,307 — exceeding its 
own remarkable figure of last year 
which was higher than any other 
stake has ever reached. South Los 
Angeles Stake also won the Citation 
Extraordinary, highest award in Era 
campaigns for the third consecutive 
year. 

South Los Angeles Stake not only 
led all other stakes in total subscrip- 
tions and in percent of quota but 
also has the Era in every home in 
every ward, and every serviceman 
and every missionary receives it. 

Both South Los Angeles Stake and 
Southern States Mission will receive 
the Citation for Leader of Leaders 
which signifies that the Era is in every 
home in every ward or branch. Each 
citation will list the accomplishments 
of each group in the "Read-and- 
Keep-THE-lMPROVEMENT-ERA" cam- 
paign. 

The surprise stake of the year is 
San Diego. With seven more points 
in the percent- of- quota column it 
would have exceeded the remarkable 
record of South Los Angeles Stake. 
In a great campaign which produced 
more than one thousand subscrip- 
tions in the last thirty days, San 
Diego Stake furnished a real chal- 
lenge to other leaders, and went 
ahead of South Davis Stake in both 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



totals and percent. San Diego Stake 
was awarded the special citation for 
greatest gain in percent of quota. 

San Diego is the first stake or mis- 
sion ever to be awarded a quadruple 
citation. This is its notable record: 
Leader of Leaders with the Era in 
every home in every ward: Second 
place in total subscriptions: Second 
place in percent of quota and greatest 
gain in percent of quota. 

All four citations appear on the 
Perma Plaque presented at June Con- 
ference. 

South Carolina, Spokane, Moapa, 
and Mount Ogden all were high on 
the achievement list with efficient 
campaigns that ranked with the lead- 
ing stakes of other years. At times 
it appeared that the winning stakes 
would come from this list. 

Spokane Stake was awarded the 
sp'ecial citation for highest gain in 
total subscriptions in addition to 
fourth place on the regular percent of 
quota list. Citations for greatest gains 
over the preceding year were first 
awarded last year and have proved 
to be incentives to stakes which in 
previous years have been in the lower 
brackets. This procedure will be con- 
tinued. 

Competition for this honor was 
spirited. Tooele, Oquirrh, Provo, 
Moapa, South Carolina, and Benson 
stakes were strong contenders. All 
made commendable and very re- 
markable gains, but other groups 
made even greater gains and won the 
laurels. 

Stakes which are on the citation 
listings this year but were not there 
last year include San Diego, Spo- 
kane, and Young in percent of quota, 
and Blackfoot in total subscriptions. 
They are welcome in the top honor 
group. The ten highest stakes in 
both groups are listed as leaders of 
the Church. 

In the missions there was healthy 
competition and very substantial 
gains. However, there were no sur- 
prises among the citation winners. 
Great Lakes was- the challenging 
mission. It barely missed the one 
thousand mark but earned its cita- 
tion for total subscriptions by a sub- 
stantial margin. It was exceeded only 
by the older missions which have 
been citation winners before. 

Among the mission citation win- 
ners, Southern States, Eastern States, 
and North Central States won double 

JULY 1952 



citations. North Central States Mis- 
sion was in a leading position fre- 
quently at the top of the list during 
the campaign and finished in an en- 
viable position. 

Eastern States Mission, with some 
new features in Era campaigns, was 
prominent among the leaders from 
the beginning and finished well up 
on the list, being second in total 
subscriptions to Southern States Mis- 
sion. 

Canadian, Western Canadian, and 
New England missions finished on the 
citation lists. 

West Central States Mission was 
among the leaders at several periods 
of the campaign, but even with a re- 
markable gain, had to be content with 
fifth place. Practically all missions 
made excellent gains with the result 
that this "best missionary in the 
Church," as President Heber J. Grant 
called it, is now doing more mission- 



ary work among members both ac- 
tive and inactive and among investi- 
gators and friends than at any time 
in the past. 

If space were available, many 
thrilling stories could be told of ex- 
periences in the "Read-and-Keep- 
The-Improvement-Era" campaign. 
Accounts of inactive members havinp- 
been aroused to Church service, of 
faith-promoting incidents, and of 
heroic and valiant efforts on the part 
of Era directors and workers have 
been numerous. Two Era directors 
made two four-hundred- mile trips to 
reach each ward in the stake twice. 
A young woman whose husband was 
ill accepted the call as Era director in 
the last days of the campaign, when 
it appeared that the campaign would 
be a failure, and alone secured seven- 
ty-one subscriptions. These are but 
examples of hundreds of thrilling ex- 

(Continued on following page) 






*tm - »L 






seHl 



The Improvement Era 

€xta#rbman> 

AWARDED TO 

^outfjent States Minion 

in th< - 

Head and Keep I "he Sra Campaign 

1951'- 1952 

Exceptional Hotter Achievements 





i, u 



<",; 1 



Districi and M»f<')i.i!! 
2. AH-Tinu-. AB-Cbureh Ritonj" for 
% U'«ar t of Ml Mhstm »o(i Sfate 
•}. Thr Era to every S^vitr. Man 



-T(w S'ra in iWen Ho 



mj: 






Mm; 
■*-v* 

Jf.VJSrt. 



! <T- "H'wft'n'/n. PVsfcik&Si «**sft tWl«» SA 

■1,: -9*to . Vft-fiiifitA. *awU i*o(sjfi«i* a 
S. *•-.»*.«..- Sxpp^^os hW«f. **»* **«i* 
ait (rt.feo»e > iVwiuM, Sepw-.j^fi ff<i*c. 



■»r'-ir+'. ' ■'.-.-"' tin- ( : t-i;,>» lJ.-o,r1. V^'i-i, W 
i.l* *-c*i «W*ft fjK.-'iS* '.H-^<itf; &>*tir,. 




521 




TOTAL SUBSCRIPTIONS MISSIONS 

SOUTHERN STATES MISSION, first row, left to right: Albert Choules, mission president; 
D. Homer Yarn, first counselor; C. Allen Snow, second counselor; Don Calaway, mission 
secretary; Leona Dell Stoker, Era director and M.I.A. supervisor. 

EASTERN STATES MISSION, second row, left to right: Delbert G. Taylor, mission president; 
Helen Beth Henrichsen, M.I.A. supervisor and Era director. 

GREAT LAKES MISSION, third row, left to right: Carl C. Burton, mission president; Richard 
S. Fox, Era director; William Douglas Aiken, assistant Era director. 

WEST CENTRAL STATES MISSION, fourth row, left to right: Sylvester Broadbent, mission 
president; Rila Broadbent; Noel Rigby, Y.M.M.I.A. mission aide; Mary Rigby, Y.W.M.I.A. 
mission aide. 



PERCENT OF QUOTA MISSIONS 

NORTH CENTRAL STATES MISSION, first row, left to right: John B. Hawkes, mission 
president; Gustayc A. Matson, first counselor, Darrell D. Tanner, second counselor; Lee 
B. Nielsen, Y.M.M.I.A. mission aide; Athlee Nielsen, Y.W.M.I.A. mission aide. 

CANADIAN MISSION, second row, left to right: J. MeMn Toone, mission president; Don 
M. Weaver, Era director; John T. Smith, assistant Era director. 

WESTERN CANADIAN MISSION, third row, left to right: R. Scott Zimmerman, mission 
president; LcGrande J. Heaton, second counselor and Era director; JoAnn Groesbeck, M.I.A. 
supervisor and Era director; Barbara J. Mecham, Era director. 

NEW ENGLAND MISSION, fourth row, left to right: J. Howard Maughan, mission president; 
Lena Bennett, Era director; LaRue Belnap, Era director, Beth Stanton, Era director. 








j 





I "4 












M 
I 

S 
S 
I 



N 
S 



MARCH OF PROGRESS 

(Continued from preceding page) 
periences which have been reported. 

Husband and wife Era "teams" 
have been outstanding in this cam- 
paign. Of the citation winning 
stakes, eight have husband and wife 
teams as Era directors. They are: 
Big Horn, Blackfoot, Lethbridge, 
Minidoka, Moapa, North Davis, 
Phoenix, and Young. In other stakes 
the "family" groups made splendid 
records, several having been leaders 
at various stages of the campaign. 

In an experience such as an Era 
campaign, some groups make truly 
remarkable records and set the pace 
for the Church in the early and 
middle stages of the campaign. Then 
at the finish other stakes come to 
the front, and the stakes or missions 
which assisted in establishing morale 
and patterns of success during the 
progress of the campaign are crowded 
out of the picture. Even groups with 
truly remarkable records are left be- 
hind because others have even more 
remarkable records. 

Examples of such stakes and mis- 
sions who are entitled to full recogni- 
tion for their most helpful and bene- 
ficial efforts are Moapa, Juarez, Roose- 
velt, Rexburg, North Rexburg, Sevier, 
Franklin, and Cedar stakes, and 
Texas -Louisiana Mission. Other 
stakes which led at various times 
had to be content with something less 
than top honors, but all have top 
appreciation for their splendid co- 
operation. 

These are some of the records 
broken in the "Read-and-Keep-THE- 
Improvement-Era" campaign: Total 
subscriptions in both missions and 
stakes; number of stakes, wards and 
branches qualifying for the Hall of 
Fame with the Era in every home; 
number of stakes and missions in the 
scroll of honor for reaching the mini- 
mum qualifying quota; number of 
mission districts winning the Leader 
of Leaders Citation with the Era 
in every home in the district; number 
of stakes and missions exceeding one 
thousand subscriptions; number of 
stakes reaching five hundred sub- 
scriptions. 

An indication of the marked in- 
creases in this campaign is found in 
the fact that all the leaders of the 
Church but one exceeded 1,000 sub- 
scriptions (and this one missed by 
only thirty-five subscriptions), and 

(Continued on page 524) 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




"How can small firms 
hold their own with a 
big company like you?" 



Men who run small businesses have said 

such things as: "Some people think we're 
being frozen out. I'm doing well, but what about 
others'? How can small firms hold their own 
with a big company like you?" 

You can see the answer for yourself 

when you get a clear picture of the way busi- 
ness firms depend upon one another. Even 
a big, integrated company can't stand alone. 



Our company is a number of parts that fit together like pieces of 
a jigsaw puzzle. At the center of things, we're refiners. Then to be sure 
of a supply of crude oil, we drill wells of our own. And to keep up the 
flow into our refineries and out again, we provide tankers, pipelines and 
trucks, and distributing organizations. But the territory is broad, the 
needs many. 




There are many small refiners competing with 
us. In every field, there are distributors selling either 
our products for us or competitive lines. For example, 
here in the West — independent service stations selling 
our gasoline outnumber Company-owned stations 
about six to one . . . and stations selling other brands 
outnumber our own about 29 to one. 



Suppliers, competitors and customers — 

most of them small firms — are needed all around 
us. Other producers supply over 40% of the 
crude we need. And we buy thousands of other 
things, from pipe to paper clips — last year, more 
than $110,000,000 worth of goods and services 
from some 10,000 suppliers in the West alone. 

These small firms "hold their own" very well indeed; 
and through serving well, many of them will grow big. 
Standard goes right on working to gain new business — 
competing for your patronage by increasing efficiency 
of operation, improving products, keeping prices down. 
But it's clear that a vast number of small firms, too, 
always will be needed to complete the picture. 



STANDARD OIL COMPANY OF CALIFORNIA 

• plans ahead to serve you better 



JULY 1952 



523 



THE ERAS MARCH OF PROGRESS CONTINUES 



(Continued from page 522) 
that all but one of the missions in 
the same group, the total subscrip- 
tions column, also reached one thou- 
sand. The exception in this case 
missed the mark by only twelve sub- 
scriptions. Never before has there 
been such a magnificent record. 

Lamanite subscriptions showed an 
encouraging gain over last year. Let- 
ters from many parts of the country 
indicate the appreciation of our La- 
manite friends for The Improvement 
Era. It is difficult to estimate the 
value of the missionary work being 
done through the Lamanite gift sub- 
scription plan. 

Servicemen subscriptions are gov- 
erned in a general way by the num- 
ber of boys in the service. These 
have shown a substantial increase, 
but it would be even more helpful 
if a still higher percent of those in 
the armed forces had the Era sent 
to them regularly each month, as 
planned by Church leaders. 

Scroll of Honor listings ran second 
highest in percent of stakes and mis- 
sions, but in total numbers showed 
substantial gains for a new record. 

Hall of Fame listings, the best 
gauge of all in an Era campaign, 
show by far the greatest gain in Era 
history. This honor, which is re- 
served for groups with the Era in 
every home, set an all-time-high rec- 
ord of 214 units in stakes and mis- 
sions — sixty- three in the stakes and 
one hundred and fifty-one in the mis- 
sions. 

Nine stakes and three missions 
passed the one thousand mark, an 
all-time record. The stakes with 
their positions in the mythical "1,000 
Club" are: president, Southern States 
Mission; first vice-president, South 
Los Angeles Stake; second vice-presi- 
dent, San Diego Stake; third vice- 
president, South Davis Stake; secre- 
tary, Moapa Stake; assistant secretary, 
Mount Ogden Stake; treasurer, 
Eastern States Mission; assistant 
treasurer, Oquirrh Stake; librarian, 
Yellowstone Stake; assistant librarian, 
North Davis Stake; trustees, Blackfoot 
Stake and North Central States Mis- 
sion. 

In the "500 Club," also mythical, 
there were so many members that 
space will not permit listing them 
here. Seventy-six stakes and twenty 
missions passed the five hundred 
mark. They will all be listed in The 
524 



Improvement Era Year Book. This is 
also a new record for an Era cam- 
paign. 

And so ends another highly suc- 
cessful and thrilling missionary effort 
to carry into the homes of Latter-day 



Saints, friends, and investigators, the 
monthly messages of Church leaders 
and the wealth of clean, wholesome, 
and inspiring reading published in the 
Era each month. In times like these 
this is important. To all who have 



^Jj^SsJS^S^^JS^^ 



24 We Want 3, 
£5e rKemembered 



RICHARD L EVANS 



A 



s we remember our impressions of other people, we may 
well ask how we would want to be remembered. If 
we were posing for a portrait, we would likely take great 
pains to be at our best; and after all our own preparations 
we would expect the photographer or the artist to retouch 
where he found obvious flaws because with anything as 
permanent as a portrait it seems important to appear as we 
would want to be remembered. But the impressions that 
other people have of us from day to day are more important 
than a portrait, and in all of our acts and attitudes and 
utterances we should keep in mind how we want to be 
perpetuated in the minds and memories of other men. Do 
we want to be remembered for giving way to gossip? Do 
we want to be remembered for being careless about our 
appearance or careless about our conduct? And how do 
we want to be remembered by our children? As they grow 
up, they will carry through life their impressions of us. 
The public may see us only as we step out on the street, 
only as we sit behind our desks or as we attend social 
functions, groomed and gracious; but with our family and 
friends, within the walls where we live, there is a kind of 
candid camera constantly recording its impressions of us, 
in faithful detail and without photographic filters. Those of 
our own intimate circle won't always remember us just as we 
are when we are ready to go to church. They may remember 
us as we are when we lose our temper, or when we are unjust 
in our judgments, or when we have made some threadbare 
excuse for not doing our duty, or some flimsy pretext for 
departing from principle. They may remember not only 
our fine and affectionate best behavior, but also inconsider- 
ate acts and unkind, caustic comments. Posterity, and the 
public, may be impressed by the retouched portrait. But 
the way we know ourselves and the way we shall be re- 
membered by those who matter most (and no doubt the way 
we shall ultimately be judged by a just Judge), will be the 
way we live from day to day. Whatever we do, whatever 
we are, whatever we think, whatever our actions and atti- 
tudes add up to will all be part of the picture; and the way 
we want to be remembered is the way we shall have to 
live, not only in public but also in private, and inside our- 
selves. 

Uke Spoken Word FROM temple SQUARE 

PRESENTED OVER KSL AND THE COLUMBIA BROADCASTING 

SYSTEM, APRIL 27, 1952 

Copyright, 1952 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



assisted in bringing about such re- 
markable results, the entire Era staff 
extends heartiest commendations and 
appreciation. 



Evelyn Fixed the Wheel 

(Continued from page 517) 

When Brother B — drove up, he 
shook his head when Mrs. Walton 
asked for the rope. He had another 
night on the road and could not 
spare it. She was very disappointed; 
tears began rolling down her cheeks. 
Then she became very angry. 

"Well," she exclaimed, "I can't 
see how I can possibly be of any 
further assistance to you. Get into 
your wagon and drive on." To her 
great surprise, he did just that. She 
stood and watched him until he was 
out of sight. 

Mrs. Walton studied the wheel, 
silently praying that God would give 
her the information she so desperately 
needed to fix it. 

The answer came. She went to 
work. 

First she unhitched and fed the 
horses. Then she and her eldest son 
went in search of some sturdy birch 
limbs to use as braces. When they 
returned to the wagon, the sun lay 
low in the western skies. She would 
need to hurry. Filling a tub with 
water, she heated it over a camp- 
fire and placed in it to soak a cow- 
hide which she had bought from a 
settler. 

Next morning she put a fine edge 
on her butcher knife by sharpening it 
on a stone. Then she cut the hide 
into strips about one inch wide. Next 
she placed four birch pieces hori- 
zontally across the wheel, two above 
and two below the hub, then four 
others vertically across, two on each 
side of the hub. She then wove the 
strips of rawhide in and out of the 
reinforced spokes beginning close to 
the hub and working outward to 
the felly. Then she stood the 
wheel up against a tree to dry. As 
the rawhide dried, it shrank, tighten- 
ing the wheel until it became strong 
and firm. 

With grateful hearts the party con- 
tinued on their long journey. When 
they arrived at their destination, they 
found Mrs. Walton's mother in about 
her usual health. Shortly after this, 
when Evelyn was alone with her one 
day, her mother suddenly became 

(Concluded on following page) 
JULY 1952 




We didn't come out West 

. . . we were here! 



Will Rogers was proud of his Indian 

ancestors. He used to say, "My folks 
didn't come over on the Mayflower, 
but they met the boat." 

We at Southern Pacific are proud 
of something, too. For we can say, 
"We didn't come out West— we were 
already hereV 

It's like this. We brought mate- 
rials around Cape Horn to California 
from 1861 to 1869 and laid our rails 
eastward . . . over the High Sierra, 
across Nevada, into Utah, where the 
Golden Spike* linked us with Union 
Pacific to form the nation's first 
transcontinental railroad. 

We're now celebrating the 83rd an- 
niversary of the driving of our Golden 
Spike, which took place May 10, 1869, 
at Promontory, Utah. 

We built the western half of the 
second transcontinental railroad, 
too, as well as the first Los Angeles- 
New Orleans line, our "Sunset 
Route." Our lines in Texas and in 
Louisiana are now celebrating their 
Centennial Anniversaries. 

We greeted the settlers, brought 
them West, invited industry and 



brought it West. As we helped build 
the West, the West built Southern 
Pacific, until we are today a system 
of 13,700 miles in eight states, our 
future interwoven with the West 
which we continue proudly to serve. 

We mean business. Our Industrial 
Department welcomes inquiries from 
westward-looking businessmen, and 
likes to point out that in the last 25 
years an average of more than one new 
industry each day has located along 
Southern Pacific Lines. 

We salute these "settlers" too, 
wish them prosperity, and look for- 
ward to years of service to them. 

* The original Golden Spike can be seen among 
other fascinating relics in the Wells Fargo Bank 
History Room, 30 Montgomery Street, San 
Francisco. 




A SYMBOL OF/^jTH^sWESTERN PROGRESS 




Southern Pacific Company, D. J. Russell, President 



525 



&*&&&$ 




Youth!- 

Your high duty 

to parents, nation and Church is to 
make the most of the splendid powers 
God has given you for the service 
of humanity. But this development 
is more than a duty — it is the road 
to highest happiness for you. 

You can strengthen your abilities 
to the utmost at Utah State. Utah's 
Land-grant College is one of Amer- 
ica's top 25 institutions in the train- 
ing of distinguished scientists. For 
teaching that develops scholarship 
and character, and for research that 
adds daily to useful knowledge, you 
will find Utah State of highest ex- 
cellence. 



The L.D.S. Institute of Religion ad- 
jacent to the campus affords religious 
education, much of it yielding college 
credit. The Institute attracts many 
students, and this spring had the 
largest graduating class in its his- 
tory. 



The College educates for success 
in scores of occupations in sciences, 
humanities, agriculture, forestry, 
commerce, education, engineering 
and technology, home economics. 
Army and Air Force units provide 
ROTC. 



SUMMER SCHOOL: June 10-July 23; July 28-Aug. 22 
FALL QUARTER: Sept. 25-December 20 

Utah State Agricultural College 

LOGAN 



torns of Jlpmns Wt %obz 









By Cecilia Margaret Rudin, M. A. 

A Book to Own, Enjoy and Give 
400 Years of Inspired Hymn Writing 

Children love its dramatic life stories. Busy grown folks get enjoyment 
from even a few minutes reading its vivid, brief chapters. Scholars 
appreciate its research and authenticity. 

NEW EDITION — NEW ART BINDING 

Hymns by Luther, Wesley, Stebbins, Bliss, Fanny Crosby, Issac Watts 
and other great writers. 

Gives the inspiration and human drama behind such favorites as 
"Nearer My God To Thee", "Old Rugged Cross", "Abide With Me" 
and many others. 

Beautifully printed and illustrated, only $1.25. (Mailing charge 10c). 

Order your copy and a gift supply from your Dealer today or 



Evelyn Fixed the Wheel 

(Concluded from preceding page) 
very ill and passed away before her 
daughter could obtain help. 

Mrs. Walton acknowledged with 
thankfulness her privilege of being 
with her mother when she passed to 
the other side. 



Fourth of July 



JOHN RUDIN & COMPANY INC. 

Publishers of THE BOOK OF LIFE 
1018 S. WABASH AVE. Dept. IE CHICAGO 5, ILL. 



526 



(Continued from page 509) 

brought in from out-of-town in two 
big wagons and was being set up. 
It was soon ready for us and our 
nickels. A ring of seats on a re- 
volving platform, the revolving to 
be done by a horse, standing waiting 
on the ground inside the ring. A 
canvas top shaded the merry-go- 
round, and all was unpainted and 
shabby, but I did not think of that 
at the time. 

I had a moment's fear that the 
horse might run away, for I had 
the idea that all horses except our 
own Frank and Topsy were planning 
it. But this horse showed no evi- 
lence of ever harboring such a 
thought or any thought except resig- 
nation to endless tramping, and to 
the delighted giggles of little girls 
and the shouts of the boys. 

Evidently the Fourth of July was 
just another day to him. 

I had five cents and three pennies 
I had saved for a long time to spend 
on the Fourth, but Grandpa gave 
Bessie and me each a nickel, and so 
I, at least, had two rides on the 
merry-go-round, and when the horse 
could be induced to trot, we went at 
a delightfully giddy pace. Small 
brother refused to go on such an un- 
natural, bewildering contrivance, and 
little sister had fallen asleep on 
Mamma's lap, and so money was 
saved on them. 

One penny of my three was spent 
on peanuts, the other two on pink 
and white sugar candy. And all too 
late I spied pink and green sugared 
gumdrop balls, each with a rubber 
string attached, costing one penny 
apiece. But I could not exchange my 
sugar candy, for it was already melt- 
ing in my warm hand. 

There were more firecrackers now, 
too, and other popping things, but 
we were warned not to get close, for 
fear of sparks on our dresses or in 
our eyes. We had a package of fire- 
crackers at home but had to light 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



them under Papa's supervision, which 
was safe but lacked hazard, and 
hazard was so appropriate to the 
Fourth of July. 

That afternoon I saw something 
else for the first time: ice creaml 
Papa was calling us to go home when 
it was ready. He wouldn't let Bessie 
and me have any, for it was already 
melting, and flies were buzzing about. 
Anyway, there wasn't enough to gO 
around. I didn't mind too much 
about not having any, for now I had 
seen ice cream, and it looked like the 
cornstarch pudding we often had 
with cream around it. Papa was 
very particular about milk if not 
about lunch boxes. 

We were ready to go. We said 
good-bye to Grandpa and Grandma. 
The runner, Charlie, ran up to 
Grandpa: "May I go home with you 
and stay until Sunday, Uncle Smith?" 
he asked. 

"Yes, if you can get your night 
clothes and be back by the time we 
start," said Grandpa. 

And away sped Charlie, with all 
the grown folk laughing at the speed 
of a barefooted boy. 

One man said, "No grass will grow 
under that boy's feet." I had not 
heard that remark before, and the 
meaning wasn't very clear. 

Mamma and the other children 
were already waiting by the spring 
wagon on the other side of the grove. 
I walked along beside my father 
when suddenly — right at my feet — 
I saw on the green grass, a fresh, 
pink-sugared gumdrop ball with its 
elastic string: A providential find. I 
leaned down to pick it up. 

"Don't touch it," said my father. 
"Never eat anything from the ground. 
You don't know how many feet have 
been walking there." 

We went on. Those were Papa's 
ideas, but they were not mine. While 
he was getting the children into the 
spring wagon, I sped back, thinking 
of the pocket in the skirt of my dress. 
I reached the spot. Alas — it was 
gone I Some other child, evidently 
unattended by a parent, had already 
been there. 

All the following week, while my 
parents discussed the speech, the 
band, and the food, I thought over 
all the events of that day, its pleas- 
ures and disappointments. 

(Concluded on following page) 
JULY 1952 



* 

WHAT'S 

GOING ON 

IN CALIFORNIA 



SUBSCRIBE 



Today, California is the largest 
integrated and fastest growing 
area in the world. For the "facts 
behind the headlines," you should 
be reading FORTNIGHT, Cali- 
fornia's own newsmagazine. 

FORTNIGHT is published for 
the West in general and Cali- 
fornia in particular and is design- 
ed for those Westerners who are 
particularly concerned with what's 
going on in the pivot state of the 
West. 

Starting in the current issue is a 
series of articles on the Bureau of 
Reclamation and the water situa- 
tion in California. Water is vital 
to the growth and development 
of the Western states. Read 
FORTNIGHT for details of the 
problem that exists in California. 



To FORTNIGHT WlaqaiinsL 

TODAY 

with, thliu handi^ coupofL 



FORTNIGHT 

606 N. San Vincente Blvd. 

Los Angeles 46, Calif. 



$3 the year 
Q enclosed 
□ bill me 



Please enter a one year subscription and send it to: 



Name: 



Address: 



City: State: .... 



t 



527 



We have 
the FINEST 



in 



piflnos 



STBNWA Y 



LESTER 



-l r l ■ j r 1 1 1 1 ■ 1 1 j r 1 1 r 1 1 r ■ i 



ORGANS 



iiiliiiiiniiiiiiiniiL 



The Right Organ for 
Church or Home 

Connsonata 



Write for details on any 
| musical need | 

niiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiimiiimiiiii i ■ r ■[■ 1 1 1 r 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ■ i iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniii 



"[ | | 1 1 | | Daynes Music Co. I. , , , , , . 



45-47 South Main, Salt Lake 
145 North University, Provo 




PONCHITO says buy 
EARLY CALIFORNIA 
green olives 

528 



FOURTH OF JULY 

(Concluded from preceding page) All these incidents remain clear 

It did not rain, but I had no white in my memory? but clearest of all 

dress trimmed with embroidery. I . ■, , , , 1t .- 

i , . ., j J , is the sugared gumdrop ball, with 

nad two rides on the merry-go-round, ° ° r 

but we took our lunch in a red its elastic strin S' ^g so clean and 

painted box with a lid. I lost the P ink on the green grass, to be had 



gumdrop ball. 



for no money at all! 



£^^5=55^555^53^^ 



^Arnswer to L^onh 



VL5VOVI 



RICHARD L EVANS 



IT 



pon the lips and to the hearts and minds of many there 
sometimes comes the question: Why would an omni- 
potent and all-wise and just and merciful God permit such 
unjust and adverse events as we are all each day aware of? 
And, failing to find the answer that brings peace to their 
troubled hearts, men frequently lose faith and become criti- 
cal and sometimes cynical. But they who find themselves 
in this frame of mind should be reminded that one of the 
first principles of the plan of life is the free agency of man — 
the right of choice. It was so in the heavens before time 
began and will eternally continue to be so. Indeed, we are 
told that a challenge to this right of choice was once the 
cause of a war in heaven and has been one of the compelling 
causes of all war since history has been kept and recorded. 
In other words, our Father in heaven does not force men 
to be good. If he did, there would be no reward for being 
good, and none of the development that comes from de- 
ciding for ourselves. The souls of men are stunted and 
stifled when they are compelled to live according to some- 
one else's pattern or forcibly made to fit someone else's mold. 
That is why, in his wisdom, the Lord God does not minutely 
regulate every detail of our lives, any more than our earthly 
parents dictate everything we shall do. They teach us what 
we ought to do, despite which, in the headstrong use of 
our own free will, we still manage to get ourselves into much 
trouble. The Father of us all gives us commandments, 
principles, rules of life, which, if observed, will lead, us to 
our highest possibilities here and hereafter; and, so far as 
the Creator is concerned, it is given unto each one to deter- 
mine to what extent he will live by these rules and realize 
the rewards. This God-given, inalienable right of choice 
is essential in the highest sense to the making of a man 
under divine plan and purpose — essential even though in 
the misuse of it some people impose evil and injustice on 
other people. But those who suffer injustice at the hands 
of others will not be forgotten; the Lord God, in his own 
time and in his own way, will see that all of us receive what 
we should receive, according to the choices we have made 
with the freedom we have had. And there will be complete 
compensation for the seeming injustices we frequently see.* 



*Revised 



Jke 



~2)po/?en lA/oi'd 



<ken vvora from temple square 

PRESENTED OVER KSL AND THE COLUMBIA BROADCASTING 



SYSTEM, MAY 4, 1952 



Copyright, 1952 



i^^^S^^^ 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




rive to your nearest Conoco Mileage Mer- 
chant and ask for Conoco's great new "50,000 
Miles— No Wear" Servjce^a service that helps 
your engine stay like new year after year, per- 
form better, use less gasoline and oil! 

It's exactly the same service that kept test 
cars new in Conoco's spectacular "50,000 Miles 
— No Wear" road test! 

In that famous 50,000-mile test, with 1,000- 
mile drains and proper filter service, test car 
engines showed no wear of any consequence: in 
fact, an average of less than one one-thousandth 
inch on cylinders and crankshafts. Gasoline 
mileage for the last 5,000 miles was actually 
99.77% as good as for the first 5,000. 

Now you can get this same 1-2-3 "50,000 
Miles — No Wear" Service, at your Conoco 
Mileage Merchant's, today! 



Here's the Famous "50,000 Miles-No Wear" Service! 




OYour Conoco Mileage Mer- 
chant Will Drain Out Grit 
and Sludge, preferably while en- 
gine is , hot! "Hot-oil" drains 
every one thousand miles flush 
out grit, dirt, acid and contami- 
nation — leave your engine 
sparkling clean ! 



JULY 1952 



©He'll Recondition Air and 
Oil Filters! He'll clean filter 
elements, replace dirty car- 
tridges, record the mileage. 
Every time hood is lifted, he'll 
check the mileage to make sure 
filters have been serviced at 
proper intervals. 



© 



He'll refill with great Conoco 
Super Motor Oil! Conoco 
Super is fortified with additives 
that curb dangerous accumula- 
tion of dirt and contamination — 
protect metal surfaces from corro- 
sive combustion acids — fight rust 
— and Oil-Plate against wear. 



1952 CONTINENTAL OIL COMPANY 



This is a 

HEAVY DUTY 

OBL 



529 



Acting in accordance with a revela- 
tion given on December 27, 1832, 
L to the members of the Melchize- 
dek Priesthood, the First Presidency 
of the Church and their associates, 
the other General Authorities, have 
throughout the past years prepared 
courses of study to be diligently pur- 
sued by Latter-day Saints holding 
the Holy Melchizedek Priesthood. 
Continuously instructions have been 
for Melchizedek Priesthood groups of 
high priests, seventies, and elders, or 
for every quorum where the com- 
plete quorum resides in one ward, to 
hold priesthood meeting once each 
week in which the prescribed course 
of study should be diligently and 
faithfully studied. 

The General Authorities of the 
Church urge all stake presidencies 
and all bishoprics to arrange those 
meetings so that all Melchizedek 
Priesthood classes will be provided 
with at least forty-five minutes each 
week to devote to the study of the 
gospel of Jesus Christ as prescribed 
in the Melchizedek Priesthood course 
of study. 

In order that the priesthood quo- 
rums and groups may not be robbed 
of any of their class period time, it 
is suggested that bishops restrict the 
opening exercises of priesthood meet- 
ings to a minimum in length. Busi- 
ness items should be dispatched 
quickly. Bishops should remember 
not to take too much time in giving 
out notices and in discussing matters 
of a general nature, for by doing so 
they thereby deprive the priesthood 
members of time which should be 
devoted to the study of the gospel 
of Jesus Christ in the classrooms. Al- 
though the fact is recognized that 
bishops have a certain amount of 
business which must be presented in 
the weekly priesthood meetings, the 
suggestion is made that only those 
problems that pertain to those in at- 
tendance be considered in the priest- 
hood meeting, and other problems 
presented at their appropriate time 
and place. Bishops should be ex- 
tremely conscious of the value of 
time and the importance of the gos- 
pel lessons which have been prepared 
for the Melchizedek Priesthood classes. 

Presidents of Melchizedek Priest- 
hood quorums should also remember 
that class period time of the weekly 
priesthood meetings should not be 
used for giving out notices and con- 
ducting business which should be 
presented on other occasions. In fact, 
530 




MELCHIZEDEK PRIESTHOOD 
WEEKLY DOCTRINE CLASSES 



the quorum meetings which are held 
monthly are primarily business meet- 
ings; and as far as possible quorum 
presidents should carry forward all 
quorum business during the regular 
quorum meetings. Competent teach- 
ers should present the lessons and be 
given sufficient time to do so. 

The revelation in which the Lord 
Jesus Christ commanded the Mel- 
chizedek Priesthood bearers to study 
diligently the gospel of Jesus Christ 
is known as the "Olive Leaf." It is 
one of the most remarkable revela- 
tions given in the latter days. As 
part of that revelation, the Lord de- 
clared the following to the priesthood 
bearers of the Church: 

And I give unto you a commandment 
that you shall teach one another the doc- 
trine of the kingdom. 

Teach ye diligently and my grace shall 
attend you, that you may be instructed more 
perfectly in theory, in principle, in doctrine, 
in the law of the gospel, in all things that 
pertain unto the kingdom of God, that 
are expedient for you to understand; 

Of things both in heaven and in the 
earth, and under the earth; things which 
have been, things which are, things which 
must shortly come to pass; things which 
are at home, things which are abroad; the 
wars and the perplexities of the nations, 
and the judgments which are on the land; 
and a knowledge also of countries and of 
kingdoms — . . . 

And as all have not faith, seek ye dili- 
gently and teach one another words of 
wisdom; yea, seek ye out of the best books 
words of wisdom; seek learning, even by 
study and also by faith. (D. & C. 88:77-79, 
118.) 

In certain wards, the custom has 
been established of holding a ward 
teachers' report meeting on one Sun- 
day each month during the time 



We have the gospel of life and 
salvation, to make bad men good 
and good men better* We are to 
preach, exhort, expound, continue 
in our duty, be fervent in spirit, 
bearing and forebearing with our 
brethren, being filled with love 
and kindness* — Brigham Young* 



which should be devoted to the study- 
ing of the gospel of Jesus Christ by 
the priesthood groups. It is advised 
that such a practice be discontinued. 
Certain reasons make such a practice 
inappropriate. In the first place, 
many of the priesthood members are 
not ward teachers and, therefore, they 
have no particular interest in the re- 
port meeting. In the second place, 
such a practice takes the class period 
time once a month away from Mel- 
chizedek Priesthood members, there- 
by making it impossible for them to 
complete the prescribed course of 
study. It is recommended, therefore, 
that ward teachers' report meetings 
be held on some occasion other than 
at the time that Melchizedek Priest- 
hood members are supposed to be 
studying the course of study outlined 
for them. 

Furthermore, it is recommended 
that every high priests' group, seven- 
ties' group, and elders' group that has 
at least four or five or more members 
living in a ward hold its group meet- 
ings separate from other Melchizedek 
Priesthood groups. In other words, 
the seventies should not go into the 
elders' classes to receive instructions 
nor the elders into the seventies' 
classes. Neither is it advisable for 
those groups to unite with the high 
priests. Only in cases where there 
are fewer than three or four members 
of a Melchizedek Priesthood group 
living in a certain ward would it be 
advisable for them to unite with other 
Melchizedek Priesthood groups in 
studying the gospel. 

Among the reasons for such a rule 
is that it will greatly increase the 
attendance and activities of each Mel- 
chizedek Priesthood group and quo- 
rum by holding classes separate from 
each other. Also, it would develop 
more leadership in each of the various 
groups of elders, seventies, and high 
priests by holding their own separate 
meetings and not riding on the shoul- 
ders of other Melchizedek Priesthood 



groups. 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Vrtortfiood 



TOBACCO, 
AN EVIL INFLUENCE? 

by Keith M. Walker 



In a recent issue of Reader's Digest 
an article by Roger William Riis 
appeared entitled "How Harm- 
ful Are Cigarettes?" This article 
seems quite conclusive on tobacco 
being a medical enigma, that the 
extent of the tobacco habit is not 
realized, and that the effects cer- 
tainly are not understood. The arti- 
cle is well -written, timely, and of 
importance to all. However, towards 
the end of his article Mr. Riis com- 
ments, "It may properly be regretted 
that anti-tobacco folk are as violent 
as they are in their statements. They 
damage their cause." He states that 
in his opinion the cigaret will not 
destroy the morals at all. 

The statement of Mr. Riis that 
cigarets will not destroy the morals 
is difficult for some to understand. 
Those who assert that the cigaret can 
be used by the devil as a means of 
prompting an immoral tendency be- 
lieve their point of view is well 
taken. The purpose of this writing 
is to illustrate this viewpoint. 

In order to resolve this question it 
is necessary to state a premise; name- 
ly, that the Bible is the word of God 
(as far as translated correctly — re- 
membering it has been translated 
numerous times), that Christ and 
Lucifer were in conflict on their plans 
for the salvation of mankind, that 



Thus, the General Authorities of 
the Church strongly urge that high 
priests, seventies, and elders hold their 
separate classes weekly, forty-five 
minutes in length or more, for the 
purpose of studying the gospel of 
Jesus Christ. Also, it is urged that 
they follow the prescribed course of 
study which has been prepared under 
the direction of the First Presidency, 
the Twelve, and the general Mel- 
chizedek Priesthood committee. 

JULY 1952 



Lucifer with one-third of the hosts 
of heaven was cast out, and that 
there exists today art evil influence 
that we attribute to Satan's power. 

At the outset it should be pointed 
out that it is not the contention of the 
affirmative group that the confirmed 
smoker is necessarily immoral or 
that he is necessarily subject to the 
promptings of the devil to a greater 
degree than the nonsmoker, just be- 
cause he smokes. There are obvious 
variables here that would affect the 
individual case. 

The affirmative group believe 
there is a moral application to smok- 
ing, and they base their opinion on 
personal experience, observation, and 
the study of human nature. Their rea- 
soning on this question includes the 
application of the Word of Wisdom 
as taught by the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints and the 
effect of this code of health on the 
youth of the Church. 

Satan will utilize every conceivable 
device to influence. His avowed pur- 
pose is to win souls. It is wholly 
practicable to assume, knowing this, 
that the cigaret in the hands of some 
people could easily be such a device, 
just as anything else the devil wishes 
to use as a medium of influence would 
be a device for his evil intentions. 
The confirmed smoker can build up 
a degree of resistance over the years, 
just as the nonsmoker does, to the 
evil influence of Satan. 

As a general rule our young people 
are taught something of the harmful 
physical effects of tobacco from the 
time they are old enough to ask 
questions, and invariably this train- 
ing includes a moral implication be- 
cause society has found that the 
cigaret is almost always in evidence 
where juvenile delinquency is ap- 
parent. The association of tobacco, 
liquor, late hours, unmanageable 



qualities, etc., is made by all of us, 
and we look on them as something 
not good for our youth. The cigaret 
is a means of displaying an alter ago, 
which is vain and dishonest. It be- 
comes a means or medium of ex- 
pression oftentimes to show off, of 
unduly flaunting disregard for those 
who should be shown respect. It is 
used as an outward token of rebel- 
lion against family, friends, and even 
society. 

In this Church, training of youth 
includes the application of the moral 
principle referred to above to a 
greater extent perhaps than in other 
denominations. This comes from 
over one hundred years of training 
the youth to live in conformity with 
a code of health, which includes 
everything good and excludes any- 
thing bad for the body. We believe 
our bodies are tabernacles of the 
Spirit of God and that we should 
maintain them as such. Too, it is 
an established fact that when the 
youth of the Church start to smoke, 
they invariably remain away from 
church activity and seek a society 
that has no objection to the cigaret. 
Because of their tender years some 
of them fail to choose proper com- 
pany, and this fact tends to support 
the feeling that the cigaret is a de- 
vice employed by the devil. 

There is a definite moral value that 
comes into play because many of 
these young people become so dis- 
interested that they lower their guard 
and oftentimes become further sus- 
ceptible to Satan. It is a fact that 
those who remain active in Church 
work live lives that come closer to 
conforming to a fixed standard of 
Christianity. This is not an asser- 
tion that there are not scoundrels who 
affiliate with all religious organiza- 
tions or that there are not literally 
hundreds of saintly people outside 
the confines of religious influence. 

It should now be apparent that the 
application of the moral principle to 
smoking is not wrong. Anything 
that influences adversely is said to 
be wrong, and, after all, the term 
moral is used as pertaining to or con- 
cerned with establishing principles 
of right and wrong. Smoking is im- 
moral from the standpoint that it is 
not right, based on the fact that its 
influence is oftentimes the same as 
that which stems from anything else 
that encourages a compromise of 
principle. If our youth are not in 

(Continued on page 550) 
531 



Quorum Advisers Have Responsibility to Visit 
Members in Their Homes 



Challenging Records 



Tt is feared that too many Aaronic 
Priesthood quorum advisers feel their 
work is finished when they attend the 
weekly priesthood meeting and present 
the quorum lesson. While this feature 
of the program is a vital part of the 
program, it must not be considered to 
be the program itself. 

Advisers who are visiting their mem- 
bers in their homes are invariably the 
leaders who are outstanding in their 
work with boys. Visiting with boys in 
their homes is held to be one of the 
very best ways in which advisers may 
come really to know their members. 
One adviser was heard to say: "How 
can I be of real assistance to the boy 
unless I know his parents, his brothers 
and sisters, and the conditions under 
which he lives in his own home?" 

It is the responsibility of the quorum 
adviser to visit each absentee, who is 
living at home, immediately following 
the priesthood meeting, each week. The 
first objective of the visit is to manifest 
a genuine and kindly interest in the 
boy's welfare and to solicit his loyalty 



to the Church and its standards. The 
second objective should be to obtain 
the boy's record of activity during the 
previous week and to copy such informa- 
tion to the boy's credit in his respec- 
tive quorum roll. 

Visits with boys in their homes 
should not be limited to the inactive. 
While those who are not active may 
be in greater need of more personal 
attention, the active boy will be compli- 
mented if his adviser also thinks of him 
when making his personal visits. More 
and more, infinitely more, personal 
visits with boys in their homes is one 
of the crying needs in our program to- 
day. 

We challenge stake committees to set 
in full motion a program designed to 
press this project to the limit in every 
ward. We respectfully call upon 
bishoprics and their Aaronic Priesthood 
leaders to cooperate with each other 
and with stake committees in the ac- 
complishment of the worthy objectives 
of the personal visit between the quo- 
rum adviser and the boy in the home. 



Adult Members 



Know When to Start and When to Stop 



/ group adviser for adult members 
of ;he Aaronic Priesthood should be 
equipped with a self-starter and a good 
set of brakes. 

One who works with adult members 
of the Aaronic Priesthood or with men 
who have not received the priesthood 
must realize that procrastination in his 
work is not only the thief of time but 
of the souls of men, women, and children 
as well. Unless one gets started in 
his work, he can never attain success. 
If adult members of the Aaronic Priest- 
hood are to be motivated to activity in 
the Church, they must be visited fre- 
quently and taught the gospel. 

Group advisers should generate with- 
in themselves so much enthusiasm for 
the work that they will put their hearts 
and souls into it. Enthusiasm is the 
self-starter that gets action and desired 
results. 

It is well also to know that the brakes 
should frequently be applied. It is 
just as important to stop when we should 
as to start when we should. 

There is a proper time, a psychological 
moment to close a gospel discussion or 
a visit. Usually it is the time when 

532 



interest is at its highest point. Put on 
the brakes when the call is for more 
speed, and your future visits will be 
looked forward to with anticipation. 
Don't give all you know nor go too 
far. Never allow an anticlimax to be 
reached. 

In gospel discussions, too much or too 
little at one time are both bad, but 
the greater danger lies in the overload. 

Man power fired to action with the 
starter of enthusiasm and faith must be 
held in control by good brakes, applied 
at the right time. 




JV 




li* 




WILLIAM J. BEARNSON 
BISHOP JOHN Y. BEARNSON 

EVAN FRANCIS 

"Dishop John Y. Bearnson, Springville 
U Fifth Ward, Kolob (Utah) Stake, 
was ordained a bishop November 28, 
1943. Since the date of his ordination, 
he has conducted a ward boy leader- 
ship (formerly ward youth leadership) 
meeting every month. We wonder 
whether any other bishop in the Church 
has held this meeting every month for 
102 months without exception! Bishop 
Bearnson had this to say concerning 
this monthly meeting of boy leaders: 

We cannot see how we could afford to 
miss this meeting. It assists us so much to 
keep in touch with all of these particular 
age groups and tells us immediately if 
someone is slipping into inactivity. 

William J. Bearnson, a priest, and 
Evan Francis, a teacher, have estab- 
lished a one hundred percent attend- 
ance record at priesthood and sacrament 
meetings for four years as of January 
1, 1952. They are still maintaining 
their outstanding attendance records. 



Aaronic Priesthood 



Coordinators and Secretaries to Compute Cumulative Records 



Tt is the responsibility of the secretary 
of the ward boy leadership commit- 
tee to compute each Aaronic Priest- 
hood member's cumulative record at 
the end of each month and record the 
computations opposite the boy's name at 
the extreme right of the quorum roll 
in advance of the ward boy leadership 
committee meeting. 
Where there is no secretary appointed, 



it is the responsibility of the ward co- 
ordinator to make and record such com- 
putations. 

Unless these officers faithfully per- 
form this responsibility, members of 
the bishopric are seriously handicapped 
in conducting a fast moving and inter- 
esting ward boy leadership committee 
meeting each month. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




=? l^repared bu <=>Lee _ M. f^alt, 



mer 



Aaronic Priesthood 

Time for Checkup on 
Award Program 



Ane-half of the first year for the 
new award program is past. Where 
do you stand? 

The new program requires that fifty 
percent or more of all Aaronic Priest- 
hood members in the ward under 
twenty-one qualify for the individual 
Certificate of Award if the ward is to 
be recognized in the honor roll for 
1952. Wards qualifying fifty percent, 
sixty percent, seventy percent, eighty 
percent, ninety percent, or one hundred 
percent of all bearers of the Aaronic 
Priesthood under twenty-one will re- 
ceive special recognition from the Pre- 
siding Bishopric. 

Stakes will be recognized on the same 
basis as wards. No ward or stake will 
be eligible for recognition of any kind 
which does not qualify at least fifty 
percent of the total Aaronic Priesthood 
enrolment under twenty-one. 

Since handbooks are not yet available, 
we list the Aaronic Priesthood Indi- 
vidual Certificate of Award requirements 
below: 

1. *A minimum of seventy-five per- 
cent attendance at priesthood meet- 
ing. 

2. *A minimum of fifty percent at- 
tendance at sacrament meeting. 

3. A priest or teacher must fill a 
minimum of thirty-six priesthood 
assignments. 

A deacon must fill a minimum 
of forty-eight priesthood assign- 
ments. 

4. Observance of the Word of Wis- 
dom during the entire year. 

5. Full payment of tithing. 

6. One or more public addresses in 
a Church meeting. 

7. Participation in a Church welfare 
project or in a quorum service 
project. 

8. A priest or a teacher must serve 
as a ward teacher and visit in the 
homes of the Saints at least six 
months out of the twelve months 
of the year. 

A deacon must gather fast of- 
ferings at least six months out 
of the twelve months of the year. 



*Special recognition will be given those who 
have a hundred percent attendance record at priest- 
hood meeting and at sacrament meeting by affix- 
ing a special seal to the Individual Certificate of 
Award. 

JULY 1952 



Ward Teachers Should Emphasize Virtues of Truth 



There may be some persons today 
who, because nations and men selfishly 
distort truth for gain and seemingly 
get away with it, are persuaded to yield 
to the same practices. Those who are 
thus tempted should be reminded that 
there is no compromise between truth 
and error. The Lord has, from the 
beginning, denounced the fallacy of 
falsehoods, deceitfulness, and masking 
of truth. 

To the children of Israel he said, 
"Thou shalt not bear false witness 
against thy neighbour." (Ex. 20:16.) 
His exhortation in this dispensation is 
more specific: "And see that there is 
no . . . lying, backbiting, or evil speak- 
ing." (D. & C. 20:54.) 

Oliver Wendell Holmes describes ly- 
ing as follows: "Sin has many tools, 
but a lie is a handle which fits them 



all." Lying is more than a weakness or 
a fault; it is a grievous sin which offends 
God. Liars cannot inherit the celestial 
degree of glory. (See D. & C. 76:103.) 

Backbiting is also a grave misdeed. 
Those guilty of this offense take ad- 
vantage of their fellow men in a 
cowardly manner by defaming, criticiz- 
ing, belittling, and villifying those who 
are not present to defend themselves. 

Evil speaking parallels lying and back- 
biting. It is spoken with intent to 
bring harm to others. It gives false 
impressions. It destroys confidences. It 
plants the seeds of suspicion, doubt, 
and discord. 

Ward teachers have been given the 
responsibility of eliminating these evils 
in the Church. They should be con- 
scientious in their efforts to overcome 
and prevent these sinful habits. 



CHALLENGING RECORDS FROM TETON (IDAHO) STAKE 





i:iX 





■ ,nm tntcER DEAN DANIELS nn, m 

FRANCIS WPPUNGW EO Y D ^^ ^^ 

These bearers of the Aaronic Priesthood from the Teton (Idaho) Stake know the 
joy of service in their priesthood offices. While they have established challenging 
records in attendance at Church meetings, they are also faithful in filling priesthood 
assignments, paying a full tithing, observing the Word of Wisdom, and in following 
their leaders in the Aaronic Priesthood. 

Their 100% attendance records at priesthood and sacrament meetings are as follows: 

Top row: Francis, Bates Ward — two years; Dean, Bates Ward — two years; Boyd, 
Driggs 1st Ward — three years. 

Bottom row: Allen, Driggs 1st Ward — three years; Kurt, Driggs 1st Ward — three 
years; Louis, Chapin Ward — two years. 

ALLEN MURDOCH KURT SPENCER LOUIS KENT URE 




533 



£0jOV kn Extra Room 

in your home with inexpensive 

HOLCOMB & HOKE 

FDLDOOR 




FolDoor provides a mov- 
able wall to separate 
your dining alcove from 
your living room and to 
divide that large bed 
room into two smaller 
ones — Gives extra space 
around any doorway! 



LAUREN 
BURT, Inc. 

557 Soufh 3rd West 
Salt Lake City 

Phone 3-4677 



Lauren Burt, Inc. 
557 South 3rd West 
Salt Lake City 

Please send me free further informa- 
tion about FolDoor. 



ADDRESS 

CITY ZONE ..STATE 



I 



Quick, Easy Way to 

STOP SMOKING 

"IT DOESN'T COST - IT PAYS" 

Now you can stop smoking with no effort, 
comfortably, easily, the very first day— or 
your money refunded. The recent medical 
discovery you have read about — NICO- 
STOP, guaranteed absolutely harmless, non- 
toxic, non-habit forming. Endorsed by phy- 
sicians. Used successfully by thousands. At 
your druggist's or mail coupon today for 
free information about available sizes and 
money-back guarantee. 

NICO-STOP, Dept. A, Saint Helena, Calif. 
Please send free information and prices. 

Name 

Address 

City State 



HOTEL LANKERSHIM 

7th & BROADWAY 




IN THE VERY HEART OF 
LOS ANGELES 



^ttUmnoz. Folding 

BANQU 



Direct Prices and 
Discounts to 
Churches 
Schools 
Societies 



Manufactured by 




Hotels 

Dining Rooms 

Cafeterias 



WRITE FOR 
NEW CATALOG 



KWlOe. COMPANY 



78 CHURCH STREET 



COLFAX, IOWA 



WE OFFER... 

A COMPLETE 
ENGRAVING SERVICE 

From Missionary Portraits to the Largest 
Catalogues. 

Mail Orders Given Prompt Attention 

UTAH ENGRAVING CO. 

113 Regent St. Salt Lake City, Utah 



Keys 



(Concluded from page 507) 
In addition to their abiding holy 
faith, they carried revealed keys to 
righteousness and eternal exaltation. 
Theirs was the restored priesthood, 
the key to the kingdom of God. 

Father Adam was the first on this 
earth to receive the priesthood from 
our Heavenly Father. Then in the 
Doctrine and Covenants we see, 

And this greater priesthood administereth 
the gospel and holdeth the key of the 
mysteries of the kingdom, even the key 
of the knowledge of God. (Ibid., 84:19.) 

Not only to the pioneer but also to 
all those who hold the keys and 
build his temples will come unnum- 
bered blessings, because the Lord has 
promised, 

For whoso is faithful unto the obtaining 
these two priesthoods of which I have 
spoken, and the magnifying their calling, 
are sanctified by the Spirit unto the re- 
newing of their bodies. (Idem, 33.) 

Yes, the priesthood is the key to 
work in his name, but it, too, must 
be kept brilliant with proper use or 
like the keys in the inn it may be 
dulled. When used and kept bright, 
it increases its effectiveness. 

Hearken, and lo, a voice as of one sent 
down from on high, who is mighty and 
powerful, whose going forth is unto the 
ends of the earth, yea, whose voice is unto 
men — Prepare ye the way of the Lord, 
make his paths straight. 

The keys of the kingdom of God are 
committed unto man on the earth, and 
from thence shall the gospel roll forth 
unto the ends of the earth, as the stone 
which is cut out of the mountain without 
hands shall roll forth, until it has filled 
the whole earth. (Ibid., 65:1-2.) 

From the Colorado mountain inn to 
the temple of the Lord and marriage 
for time and eternity is not far, but 
what destiny lies between? Keys of 
the priesthood open sacred places for 
exalted happiness and eternal life: 
keys of the kingdom. 



534 



Millie's New Bonnet 

(Continued from page 511) 
box and start toward the house with 
it. Her mother stood in the door- 
way, surprise written large on her 
face. 

"Mornin', Miz Jensen." Sid Hark- 
ness brought the box into the house 
and slid it gently to the floor. "This 
box come in yestiddy. You remem- 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



ber the wagon train from St. Louie 
that got stalled in the pass last 
winter and had to abandon part of 
their wagons? Well, they jist got 
the rest of their load out, and this 
box was with it. I thought mebbe 
you'd like to have it, so I fetched it 
out. They's a letter here, too, some- 
wheres." 

He fished in several pockets and 
brought forth a battered letter which 
he handed to Mrs. Jensen. She 
glanced at it, and her face was sud- 
denly transfused with light. 

"Oh," she breathed, "it's my 
mother's handwriting 1 It's a letter 
from home!" She clasped it to her 
bosom as if it were something very, 
very precious, while sudden home- 
sickness brought tears brimming to 
her eyes. 

Millie and Priscilla watched wide- 
eyed while their mother eagerly tore 
open the letter and read aloud: 

"My darling Daughter, 

"Your father is still unforgiving for 
the disgrace you have caused us, 
but on this, your birthday, I can no 
longer bear you ill will. Wilful you 
have been, and have caused us great 
sorrow, but you are still my daugh- 
ter, and I love you." 

Tears fell unheeded down Chloe's 
cheeks, and her voice faltered and 
stopped; but presently she controlled 
herself and went on: 

"I will never know what perverse 
spirit got into you to go with those 
Mormons into an unknown wilder- 
ness with your three children, but 
I have heard stories of some of the 
privations a few of those foolish 
zealots have endured, and I cannot 
bear to think of my daughter and my 
grandchildren going cold and hungry. 
I am sending a box rilled with some 
of the clothes you left behind, and 
a few sweetmeats. If you are in need, 
I will send you more; though for the 
present, I must do it without your 
father's knowledge. Perhaps he will 
one day forgive you. As for me, the 
house is so empty without the chil- 
dren that I can no longer bear to be 
separated from you in spirit, no mat- 
ter how many dreary miles lie be- 
tween us. 

"Your affectionate mother." 

The girls looked on in astonishment 
while their mother sobbed uncon- 
trollably. Not in all the long trek 
across the plains, not in all the days 
of being hungry and cold and afraid, 
had they seen her cry like this. 

JULY 1952 



CET THESE 
HELPS WHEN 
YOU SEE 
(JTOCO-LANO 
THIS SUMMER 




New Free Booklet "Highway Adventures" 

This booklet proved so popular last year that we have published 
a new 1952 edition — even more complete than the previous 
issue. A copy is yours for the asking. You'll appreciate having 
this in your car — for suggestions on week end trips and vacations 
in Utoco-Land. 

New Free Fishing Calendar 

This shows the best days for fishing. It's based on the moon 
and its phases and is in handy pocket size. It may add to your 
fishing fun. 

Superior Products and Service 

Before going on your trip, drive in to your neighborhood Utoco 
dealer for complete car service. Everywhere in Utoco-Land, 
you'll get superior Utoco service and products.. 

with UTOCOl "™™ 

UTAH OIL REFINING COMPANY 



A PUNCH TREAT! 



Give the Best! 



Ostler's Paradise! The 
most delicious, finest 
quality chocolates 
made! For every im- 
portant occasion be 
sure they're Ostler's 
Paradise! 




Ostler's PARADISE 

WINNER OF 20 FIRST PRIZES AT UTAH STATE FAIR! 

Sold wherever GOOD CANDY ii sold! Ask for it! 

OSTLIR CANDY COMPANY, Salt Lake City, Utah 




„J8S&\$y$&:'....„ 



535 




SALT LAKE CITY- DENVER 



Relaxation in the Prospec- 
tor's lounge is highlighted 
by the congenial atmosphere 
of train-time companionship. 
You'll meet old acquaint- 
ances, make new ones as you 
enjoy western hospitality at 
its friendliest best! 

Make Your 
Next Trip a Pleasure Trip . . • 



Ride the Prospector 



COSTS LESS THAN 

OPERATING 
YOUR OWN CAR! 



Consult your friendly Rio Grande Agent 
for information, schedules and fares. 

DENVER & RIO GRANDE WESTERN RAILROAD 




VOLUME 

makes it possible for us to give 
you a better deal on a Dodge 
or Plymouth. 

We make our own insurance adjust- 
ments. Bank interest rates used in fi- 
nancing. 

J. C. BURGESS 

Downtown 

DODGE-PLYMOUTH 

Dealer 

1000 South Main Street 

Salt Lake City, Utah 



MILLIE'S NEW BONNET 



(Continued from preceding page) 

Mr. Harkness cleared his throat 
loudly, his eyes suspiciously moist. 

"Well, I guess I'll be goin'." 

The commonplace words brought 
reason back into the room, and Mrs. 
Jensen speedily composed herself. 

"Oh, thank you so much for bring- 
ing the box, Brother Harkness. Ex- 
cuse my outburst. I was so home- 
sick — " she swallowed hard again. 



"Yes'm. Well, I'll see you Sun- 
day." And he was gone. 

"Oh, Mother, Mother, open the 
box, please do!" exclaimed Priscilla, 
jumping up and down, her long, dark 
braids flopping on her shoulders. 
Priscilla could never remember to 
act dignified, even though she was al- 
most a young woman, too. Millie 




^s4s We !\emema 



er5 



RICHARD L. EVANS 



HThere come before us this day the memories of mothers. 
Many mothers blessedly are with us, to whom we may 
turn our grateful attention, but many are unreachably far 
from us, and when they are gone, somehow we seem to 
have a sense of things we wish we had done that we didn't 
do. And now as to memories: We remember patient lessons 
taught, and pride- in lessons learned; we remember cup- 
boards that always held some sustenance and satisfaction 
when we came home hungry; we remember nights when 
we returned too late when she was always awake and wait- 
ing; we remember picnics and tired returnings when she 
who had so much more reason to be weary than we would 
help us with knotted laces and stubborn buttons, and see 
us settled in sleep, and then attend to countless household 
chores before she thought of sleep for herself. We remember 
things she afforded us which she wouldn't afford for herself 
and places she helped us go to which she didn't go, and her 
pleasure in learning of our pleasure when we returned to 
tell what we had seen and done. We remember cool, clean 
sheets and the wearisome labor of washing that it took to 
make them so; and clean, fresh clothes, sometimes hung out 
in the heat of summer, sometimes in the cutting winter wind 
when the hands that hung them out and brought them back 
would be cold and aching. We remember arms held open 
for us when we were hurt, hopes held high for us when 
we were down and discouraged, and quiet comfort for our 
disappointments, and sustaining strength and faith for our 
future. We remember sorrows shared and confidences that 
were always kept. We remember cool, quieting hands and 
comforting encouragement in fever and in illness; and 
tempting foods fixed for us, sleep lost for us, and prayers 
said for us. We remember prayers spoken at her knees, and 
her own prayers to an Eternal Father who did not fail her. 
All this and much more we remember of Mother. And this 
we would say to you who have mothers with you yet: Do 
for them now and be to them now what you would wish 
you had done and would wish you had been if they were 
not now with you. Thank God for mothers — and for hal- 
lowed memories. 



"3L. 



J^pohen [/word 



536 



iponen yvora erom temple square 

PRESENTED OVER KSL AND THE COLUMBIA BROADCASTING 
SYSTEM, MAY 11, 1952 

Copyright, 1952 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



brought the hammer quickly and 
pulled at the lid. 

"Oh," she wished aloud, "I do hope 
there's a bonnet in it! Mother, may I 
have it if there is one? I do so want 
a bonnet to go with my new dress!" 

But there was no bonnet. Dresses 
of good, firm material, undercloth- 
ing, a hand-knit shawl, a colored 
scarf, stockings — 

Millie gave a squeal of delight. 
"Slippers!" she exclaimed. And there 
they were, shiny and black and new 
— and marvel of marvels, a perfect 
fit! There was another pair for 
Priscilla! 

While the girls ecstatically tried on 
their shoes, Chloe reached once more 
into the box. These little black vel- 
vet trousers Millie knew well; and 
the white satin blouse that went with 
it. The Sunday suit her mother had 
fashioned with such loving care for 
little Robbie, the suit, she had de- 
cided sensibly, that was too fine to 
carry on the long trek into the wilder- 
ness! And now little Robbie would 
never wear it, for Robbie slept in the 
lonely little grave on the hill. 

The girls' happy chatter was stilled 
at the stark grief in their mother's 
face. 

"What is that, Mother?" Priscilla 
asked. Chloe silently held up the lit- 
tle velvet trousers. 

"Robbie's!" Priscilla breathed. 

"Grandmother doesn't know about 
Robbie." Wrapped in her own 
grief, Chloe had hardly noticed the 
subdued girls, but now remorse smote 
her. She must not quell their joy. 
She smiled bravely, and Millie's dim- 
ple deepened hesitantly. 

"Let's see what else there is," said 
Chloe. 

But there was no bonnet — down 
in one corner was a big yellow rose, 
slightly crumpled, but no bonnet. Al- 
though Millie could hardly conceal 
her disappointment, her buoyant spir- 
its could not be suppressed when 
her mother sent her on a welcome 
errand. 

"Millie, will you take some broth 
to Sister Blackburn now? She must 
be getting hungry. And perhaps she 
would like a few of these dried ap- 
ples Grandmother sent. They could 
be boiled with a little rice or wheat 
and make a tasty dish." 

Millie welcomed this errand. Mrs. 
Blackburn had been ill for a week, 
and Millie had been running over 

(Continued on following page) 
JULY 1952 





The 'UTAHN' 

Combines real exterior beauty with finest 
economical interior planning. Large living 
room, dining room, beautiful fireplace in 
2-bedroom home. 



ECONOMICAL 
CUSTOM-BUILT 

HOMES 
BY KAM 

KAM will PRE-CUT (not prefabricate) a 
home to YOUR OWN PLANS, saving you 
hundreds of dollars. Also many fine 
ready-made floor plans from which to 
choose. 



YOU CAN BUILD, or have built, the finest home of brick, stone or Frame at great 
savings by working with KAM Pre-Cut HOMES. 



SEE KAM FIRST 

for all your building needs — homes, garages, warehouses, 
stores, barns, etc. Can be erected for you in Utah, Wyoming, 
Idaho, Nevada, Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona. 



WRITE OR PHONE TODAY FOR COMPLETE DETAILS AND FREE BOOKLETS 

KAM pre.cut HOMES 

Box 1412, Salt Lake City 



Box 375, Kearns, Utah 



— or — 
Phone Murray 1503-W 



For The Best In Church Literature 




Send Your Friends 




THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




12 Issues 


$2.50 



537 




s » 



sill 



* ', "y 



Service to All 



Timely, effective Community Service to the 
Intermountcdn Empire makes The Salt Lake 
Tribune a vibrant/ living part of the area it 
serves. In sports, cultural attractions, civic 
improvement efforts, agriculture, youth wel- 
fare and in charitable undertakings. The 
Salt Lake Tribune is constantly striving to 
serve the people of the Intermountain 
Empire in fulfillment of its obligation as The 
Tie That Binds The Intermountain West. 



The Sail Lake Tribune 



A Great Newspaper Building 
a Greater Intermountain West. 



'>MMWM^Mi : i 




Enroll Now 

for 

Mid-term 

Summer 

Session 



L.D.S. Business College 

is now a branch of 

Brigham Young University 



Now when you attend L.D.S. BUSINESS COL- 
LEGE you are a student at the university of the 
Church. Credits earned here can be applied toward 
college degrees, and an enriched program of social 
and spiritual development is now offered at L.D.S. 

Ask about new classes in HY-SPEED longhand. 
It turns longhand into shorthand fast! Also new 
classes in typing, shorthand, accounting and many 
others. 

Call or write about further information. 

You are always cordially invited to attend 
the . . . 





I 





Branch of Brigham Young University 
70 NORTH MAIN • SALT LAKE CITY 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 

"The Voice Of The Church" 



12 Issues 



$2.50 



538 



Millie's New Bonnet 

{Continued from, preceding page} 

frequently with tasty bits of food, at 
the same time making Mrs. Black- 
burn comfortable and tidying up the 
house for her. Of course, the fact 
that Roy was ploughing just through 
the fence had nothing whatever to do 
with her eagerness to go! 

Millie tied the strings of her shab- 
by and faded bonnet, and wished 
again that she could have a new 
one to frame her dark curls. She 
tried to walk sedately down the 
street, but if her feet did not skip, 
there is no proof that her heart did 
not — a little! 

Millie found Mrs. Blackburn much 
better and able to sit up a little. 
Soon she would be able to finish the 
bonnets she was working on. She 
had been a milliner in the east, and 
her clever hands had lost none of 
their skill. She thanked Millie for 
the broth and then added: 

"Millie, I don't know what I would 
have done without you this last week 
while I have been sick." 

"Oh, that's all right," Millie re- 
plied. "I do wish I could make bon- 
nets like this one." She picked up a 
half-finished bonnet of Panne velvet 
and looked at it longingly. Everybody 
knew it was Sister Ellison's, and that 
the velvet had come clear from Eng- 
land and had cost a very great deal. 

"Isn't it lovely?" asked Millie 
wistfully. "Would you mind if I 
tried it on?" 

"No, of course not." Mrs. Black- 
burn could not suppress a smile as 
she watched Millie preen before the 
little cracked mirror. The deep brown 
was reflected in her sparkling brown 
eyes. 

Millie put the bonnet back in its 
place, but some of the sparkle stayed 
in her eyes as she made several 
necessary and a few unnecessary trips 
outside to the well, the chicken yard, 
and the root cellar. And if Roy was 
a little slow getting the plowing done, 
who could blame him? Millie was 
a lovely young woman, pretty in a 
wholesome way, sweet and good. He 
would like to take her out, but he 
was always so tongue-tied in her 
presence. Millie waved to him cheer- 
ily as she went in and out, and once 
when he was close to the fence, she 
stopped and chatted with him for 
a few minutes. He almost asked her 
then but couldn't quite get up the 
courage. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Millie was impatient and disgusted. 
What was the matter with Roy, any- 
way? A great, hulking man — well, 
nobody could call that six-foot, 
broad-shouldered, clean-limbed hunk 
of manhood a boy any longer, even 
if he was only eighteen — and he acted 
as if he were afraid of her! Wouldn't 
even ask to walk her home from 
church, though she knew in her 
heart he wanted to. Millie was too 
much a woman not to be aware of 
his interest or the warmth of his 
blue eyes as they followed her quick 
movements. 

***** 

Pioneer day dawned clear and hot. 
The celebration was to begin with a 
program at the church. Millie donned 
the new yellow dress and the shiny 
black slippers. She looked at the 
shabby faded bonnet and decided 
against it. She could go bareheaded 
this once. She patted her hair in 
place and swirled around just once 
for the sheer pleasure of seeing her 
skirt billow out. Her mother called: 
"Millie, will you run over to Sister 
Blackburn's for a moment, please, if 
you are ready? She has something 
for you, she says." 

Millie flew on light feet, curiosity 
spurring her onward. She burst in 
at the door in a very undignified man- 
ner. 

"Mother said you had — oh!" she 
exclaimed, as Mrs. Blackburn handed 
her a lovely black and white bonnet. 
"For me?" she asked incredulously. 
She recognized the crumpled yellow 
rose that had come in Grandmother's 
box, but it had been miraculously 
revived and nestled in a bed of black 
velvet ribbon. Millie took the bonnet 
carefully, almost reverently, and set 
it on her dark curls. 

"Oh, it's beautiful!" she breathed. 
"Oh, thank you so much!" Millie 
flew to the church on winged feet. 

Roy separated himself from the 
group of boys by the door and walked 
with determined step, as if he had 
just made up his mind about some- 
thing, straight to Millie's side. 

"May I see you home?" he asked. 

"Why not?" she countered. 

They walked off down the street 
together, Millie laughing merrily up 
at Roy, while her velvet bonnet 
nodded with the quick movements of 
her head. What Millie did not know 
was that the bonnet had been 
fashioned from a pair of little black 
velvet trousers, and the lining from 
a little white satin blouse. 

JULY 1952 




:::::::!;::::!:SS:!:;:K?;;;;?:!:,!::(:i 

Mi 





; :.:, 





® 



TOWER ON A TUBE. The new Sky Harbor 
Airport in Phoenix, Arizona, has a unique 
control tower that rises 100 feet into the air. 
Perched atop a steel tube 9 feet in diameter, 
it will permit efficient control of landing and 
take-off activity on all runways of the vast 
airport. The tower was built by U.S. Steel — 
further proof that only steel can do so many 
jobs so well. 



UNITED STATES STEEL 




Your Career 



in this age of atomic energy, international 
politics, and miracle drugs will depend on 
your adequate training for life and living. 
Plan now to enroll in the west's fastest grow- 
ing university. 

BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY 



539 




BURL SHEPHERD, Editor 




— Photograph by Harold M, Lambert 



What Is The Best Age For Marriage? 

by Rex A. Skidmore, Ph.D. 

PROFESSOR OF SOCIOLOGY AND SOCIAL WORK 
UNIVERSITY OF UTAH 



If you had lived in the days of 
Brigham Young, you undoubted- 
ly would have heard him talk in 
the Tabernacle. At one large meet- 
ing he told all the single men, 
eighteen or over, to do two things: 
First, build a log cabin, if only ten 
feet square, and second, get "you 
a bird to put in your little cage." 
In other words, in pioneer days most 
young men and women were married 
or were encouraged to marry in their 
late teens. 

Of course, we are not living in 
pioneer days but in the atomic era. 
What is the best time for marriage 
at present? Just because a young 
man has started to shave and a young 
woman puts her hair up in the newest 
style doesn't indicate they are old 
enough to marry. Likewise, reaching 
twenty-one doesn't mean marriage 
should take place. Some people in 
their forties are not "old enough for 
marriage" — they are too immature. 
In addition to many birthdays, suc- 
540 



cessful marriage requires two mature 
persons who know each other well, 
share basic goals and aims in life, 
are in love, and are compatible other- 
wise. 

The average age for marriage in 
the United States is about twenty- 
four for the man and twenty-one for 
the woman. Sociological studies 
show that of those who marry in their 
teens, an undue proportion encounter 
serious difficulties and break up. 
From many viewpoints the early 
twenties seem desirable ages for mar- 
riage today. Generally, the girl is 
younger than the man, although be- 
ing of the same age, or the girl older, 
is satisfactory if the couple feel all 
right about the situation. 

Jackie married when she was six- 
teen. She felt she was in love with 
Don, an eighteen-year-old high 
school senior. Parents and other rela- 
tives cautioned that they should wait 
awhile. "Why, should we? We are 
in love — and that is all that matters!" 



So they married. After a hectic year 
which brought many heartaches and 
problems, they finally separated — 
both admitted they had made a mis- 
take. They realized they were 
immature and their personalities, 
plans, and "dreams" were changing 
too rapidly. 

More important than the actual age 
of a person, after the late teens and 
early twenties are reached, are emo- 
tional maturity and adequate ac- 
quaintance. Emotional age refers to 
how one understands and controls his 
feelings, is able to meet life day by 
day, and how he is able to give of 
himself for the benefit of others. A 
girl at nineteen may be emotionally 
mature and ready for marriage while 
another at twenty-five may not. A 
young man who thinks mainly of 
himself and marries for selfish rea- 
sons is not old enough to "tie the 
knot." 

Getting well-acquainted also has a 
definite bearing on readiness for mar- 
riage. Betty and John, twenty and 
twenty-two, had gone together for 
three years and . felt they were 
"meant for each other." Yet at times 
they wondered if they were old 
enough to marry and assume the re- 
sponsibilities as well as the joys of 



This is the seventh in a series of 
articles addressed to the problems of 
the teen-ager, and especially to the 
teen-ager in the family. 



living together. Consequently, they 
had a few heart-to-heart discussions 
which brought them closer together. 
They talked about the responsibilities 
of a home, rearing a family, and the 
financial obligations they would have 
to share. Both felt mature enough to 
accept the challenge, and they were 
eager to face the future together. 
Emotionally, they were well -con- 
trolled and thoughtful of each other. 
One Sunday evening they went to 
Betty's home after church to listen 
to the radio. After the folks had 
gone to bed, the conversation gradual- 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



ly turned to a discussion of prayer, 
the theme of the evening's meeting. 
For the next hour John and Betty 
talked — talked in a serious mood. 
John finally said quietly to his sweet- 
heart, "Let's kneel and pray to- 
gether." Betty nodded her head as 
she slipped her hand into his. They 
knelt by the sofa, and each took a 
turn, giving thanks and asking for 
guidance. The prayers were not long 
nor eloquent but were simple and 
sincere. When they opened their 
eyes, Betty spoke first: "John, darling, 
I feel we are old enough to marry 
now — now that we have asked God 
to join with us." This couple were 
achieving spiritual maturity which 
is so important for building success- 
ful marriage. 

Statistically, ages nineteen to thirty- 
five seem best for successful marriage. 
Practically, young men and women 
are old enough for marriage in their 
late teens and early twenties if they 
are in love, are well-acquainted (have 
gone together preferably about two 
years or more), are emotionally and 
spiritually mature, and if they share 
basic goals and interests in life. Re- 
member, the number of birthdays you 
have had is only one indication of 
readiness for marriage. 



Handy Hints 

Payment for Handy Hints used will be 
one dollar upon publication. In the event 
that two with the same idea are submitted, 
the one postmarked earlier will receive the 
dollar. None of the ideas can be returned, 
but each will receive careful consideration. 

If you wish to start a rosebush, cut off 
slip and stick stem into a white potato. 
This, I find, is the surest and simplest 
way to make it take root. — Mrs. F. N., 
Reedsport, Ore. 

When camping or picnicking, try 
carrying granulated sugar in a covered 
syrup pitcher, with the handy self-clos- 
ing spout. Flies, ants, and other pests 
will become discouraged and leave you. 
—Mrs. A. M., Los Angeles, Calif. 

Bolt an old car wheel to the wall of 
the garden workshop, for use in storing 
the garden hose. Wind hose around 
the wheel for storage, and you will 
find it easy to remove for use. — C.W.P., 
Oakland, Calif. 

On picnics you can keep the cloth 
for the table from blowing off by sew- 
ing a pocket on each corner of the 
cloth. When you are ready to use it, 
drop a stone into each of the pockets. 
— Mrs. G. H., Hinckley, Utah. 

JULY 1952 




if you don't agree SURE-JELL Pectin 
makes jams and jellies with 
finer Real Fresh-Fruit Flavor!* 




We make this offer to let you see for yourself that jams and jellies made 
with Sure-Jell have more of that rich Real Fresh-Fruit Flavor. Here's why: 

Coded for freshness— you know Sure-Jell is fresh! 

One-minute boil — saves precious juice and flavor! 

60 kitchen-tested recipes — for perfect results, follow recipes exactly. 

Highly concentrated — a natural fruit pectin product! 



IT'S A FACT! 

Almost 3}i times as many 
glasses of jam and jelly were 
made with Sure-Jell in 1951 
than were made with all other 
powdered pectins combined. 



A Product of General Foods 



*HERE'S ALL YOU DO 
*o get ,rip Ie your mo „ ey back 

return the front «7 . c lavor > J ust 
Package ^SS^J^J* 
it) to Sure-Jell, Dept PW ?5$i8 T? °" 
New York 17, N Y \Z' a , rk Ave "> 
and address whar I. * "i* 6 your na ™ 

and 25 wor^t le y sTo P n aid h f ° r 2"***- 
disappointed vnn !. u Why the fla vor 

triple what you paid for i r g ?f back 
Postage costs. Sure-Jell, p l Us 







®r®d Peefi^« 



541 



ALL-O-WHEAT 

cereal 



■ 9 

i I/eJcmUcua-. 



It is made from the 
finest whole wheat 
and contains ALL the nutrition 
and goodness of the ENTIRE 
wheat kernel! 

SERVE YOUR FAMILY 

lots of 

this complete Breakfast Cereal 




People keep using ALL-O-WHEAT be- 
cause it protects their health and tastes 
so good. 






GLORIFYING THE MILK CAN 



WwwH 

I'ili'fi hilli 



mm 



lOO 

mflRCflL 

nnPKins 



'it 



by Mildred McKenzie 

A banquet for three hundred, and 
the table decorating assigned to 
me! The summer flowers were 
in full bloom but what to put them 
in? I looked with longing at the 
lovely crocheted basket mother had 
given me. Oh, for enough of those! 
That was impossible, of course, so 
I made enough of these with paper 
doilies and evaporated milk cans. 




MAKERS OF KltChM CflQfttl 

SUPER WAXED PAPER 

542 



An empty milk can, some wire, paper 
doilies, and ribbon can be put together 
attractively for a party flower basket. 

Material required for one basket: 

1 12-inch square doily 

1 12-inch round doily 

1 4-or 5- inch round doily 

cellophane tape 

1 3-foot length of wire 

1 empty tall-size milk can 

Directions 

1. Enlarge holes at top edge of 
can and punch a hole in each side 
directly below the top holes, to fasten 
wire for handle. Punch additional 
holes in top of can, large enough that 
flowers can be inserted. 

2. Cut 4-inch strip from large 
square doily (or small ones taped to- 
gether). Roll around can and fasten 
with scotch tape. 

3. Draw pencil line around can in 
center of large round doily. Cut out 
center of doily, but cut it one -half 
inch smaller than the pencil line 
shows. Make three or four slashes 
with scissors to the pencil line. 

4. Turn can upside down on table; 
slip large doily over and down to 
table. Tape slashed sections to the 
doily cover on the can. 



LjotA, Can 2/jo Jrt! 
HThis column for young peo- 
ple, and for any others 
who wish to take advantage of 
it, features articles of a "how- 
to-do-it" nature. Contribu- 
tions are welcome and will be 
considered for publication at 
regular rates. 



5. Set can in center of 4-or 5-inch 
doily and fasten this also to the doily 
cover on the can with four pieces of 
tape. 

6. Hold one hand around can — 
push slightly up from bottom and 
remove can from the "basket" you 
have made for it. Reinforce inner 
edge of "basket" with strips of tape 
over edge of opening. 

7. Cut inch strips from remnant of 
first large doily. Thread strips on 
wire and connect with tape after 
they are on — leave 6 inches on each 
end bare. 

8. Fasten wire to each side of can. 
This is now ready to fill two- thirds 
full of water and arrange flowers. 
These may be carried quite a distance 
and still be in good shape. 

To put together: Hold can in one 
hand and basket in the other and 
slip can in. All that is left to do is 
to tape sides of top doily to the 
handle so that the basket will have 
form and stay in place. For some- 
thing really feminine, the addition 
of a bow of ribbon is lovely. Doilies 
that aren't too lacy are easier to 
handle. 




Bottom and sides of flower basket are 
made as a unit around the can, then re- 
moved from can while handles are fastened 
on. The can may be partly filled with 
water before slipping it into basket again. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




SIMMER SUPPER FOR A 
CROWD 



Somehow it seems we ought to be 
able to have a party for a crowd 
on a warm summer evening with- 
out worrying about the price of steak, 
or even hamburger, and without rely- 
ing on soda pop to quench our thirst. 

The protein can be high quality but 
less expensive than meat: Baked 
beans, deviled eggs, tuna and cheese 
dishes, nuts and nut butters, green 
peas and beans — all can be glorified 
for summer meals. 

Everyone's delight at the end of 
a warm day is a large, cold salad. 
Why not feature salads for a change, 
then? 

And in the season of fruit, let's 
kick over the principles of menu 
planning and serve fruit extravagant- 
ly in salads, in desserts, and in 
punch. Melons, berries, etc., help 
to simplify the dessert problem, and 
ordinary lemonade can be dressed 
up with a little raspberry juice to 
make a delightfully refreshing drink. 

Here's a tentative menu. You will 
think of many other ideas. 

Tuna Summer Salad 

Cabbage-Pineapple Salad 

Asparagus-Cheese Casserole 

Baked Potatoes 

Deviled Eggs 

Corn Bread Prune Butter 

Watermelon Cookies 

Fruit Punch 

JULY 1952 



Tuna Summer Salad 
(Serves 50) 

2 quarts tuna fish, flaked 

1 small cauliflower, grated 
16 tomatoes, quartered 

12 green onions, chopped 

2 heads lettuce, shredded 
1 cup mayonnaise 

1 cup salad dressing 

Combine all salad ingredients except 
dressings. Mix dressings and thin out 
with milk, if desired. Lightly fold 
dressings into salad, just before serving. 
French dressing is excellent for this 
salad, also. 

Cabbage-Pineapple Salad 
(Serves 50) 

6 quarts cabbage, shredded 
3 quarts crushed or diced pineapple 
2 cups fruit dressing or sour cream 
dressing 

Combine cabbage and pineapple. Add 
dressing when ready to serve. 

French Dressing 

1 tbsp. brown sugar 

1 tsp. salt 

l / 2 tsp. paprika 

! / 3 cup cider vinegar 

1 clove garlic, sliced 

1 cup salad oil 

! /3 cup cold water (optional) 

Combine all ingredients in a bottle 
{Continued on following page) 



Home Canning 
Hints 






Home canning is home saving! Whether 
you put up berries and vegetables from 
your own garden, or buy when produce 
is cheap and plentiful, you cut next win- 
ter's food bills 'way down. And here are 
a few ways to save even more. 



Lid with the Difference' 

All closures are not alike. 
Ball Dome Lids are differ- 
ent because of the Dome, 
with its famous "Touch- 
Test" Seal. Just press to 
test. Dome down, jar 
sealed. So easy — so posi- 
tive. Switch to Ball Dome 
Lids for premium protec- 
tion of every precious jar. 



Watch Those Bands! 

W You can use new Dome Lids 
with old bands. But bent or 
damaged bands won't seal 
perfectly. Be safe. Get Ball 
2-piece Dome Caps, with unique 3-point- 
pressure bands that seal firmly all around. 

Need New Jars? 
Then of course you'll want 
Ball Dome Jars, the ONLY 
jars that come equipped 
with genuine Dome Lids. 
All sizes, %, pint to % gal- 
lon, regular or wide mouth. Space-saving 
square shape, nonslip gripping ribs. Ball 
Jars outsell all others! 

Something NEW! 
The new Ball Freezer Jar 
with Dome Cap is a real "all- 
purpose" jar. Great for home 
freezer, locker, refrigerator 
use. Even more important, 
perfect for home canning. 
The wide mouth and tapered shoulder- 
less sides make it so easy to fill, empty, 
clean. You'll like Ball Freezer Jars for 
every purpose. Your favorite food store 
has them or can get them for you. 



Get My Free Booklet 
I've streamlined my latest 
canning and freezing rec- 
ipes, methods, timetables, 
in a handy new booklet. 
Yours for the asking. 
Drop a postcard to: 

BALL BROTHERS CO., 

Dept. ERA1, Muncie, Ind. 





t~~ 





for Your Home Canning! 




(c) 1932. O.B CO. 



543 




SAFELY SEALED 

HEAR IT! . . . SEE IT! Yes, hear this new Bernardin 
SAFETY SIGNAL telling you that your home canning 
seal is safe ... doubly safe because you see the depressed 
cap, and hear the Bernardin snap. 

All These Features, too! 
LIVE SAFETY RINGS of latex built right into the Bernardin lid 
grip tight to jar rims for high vacuum seal. 
IIDS TRIPLE COATED... food acid resistant white enamel, on 
tough gold lacquer on a heavy coating of tin. 
PACKED READY TO USE... Bernardin lids are packed back-to- 
back... no sticking... lids slide out ready to use. 
SNAP SIGNAL... Bernardin new Snap Lids tell you when the 
seal is safe with a distinctive "snap!' 



BerNARdin 

CAPS AND SNAP LIDS 

..Just ask for snap caps and lids. 



Summer Supper for A Crowd 

{Continued from preceding page) 

and shake well. The water is added 
for those who wish a milder dressing. 
Makes about 2 cups. Fruit French 
Dressing: omit garlic and salt and use 
fruit juice instead of vinegar. (From 
Leah D. Widtsoe, How To Be Well, 
p. 322.) 




544 



— Photograph by Harold M. Lambert 

Asparagus-Cheese Casserole 
(Serves 50) 

5 lb. asparagus, cooked 
3 quarts medium white sauce 
1 quart medium nippy cheese, grated 
bread crumbs 

To make white sauce, combine \ x / 2 
cups flour and iy 2 cups melted butter 
over medium heat; add 1 quart milk 
and stir until thickened. Add 2 quarts 
milk, stirring constantly until smooth 
and thickened. Add 1 tbsp. salt. Re- 
duce heat and stir in grated cheese. 
Pour sauce over asparagus in casserole. 
Top with crumbs and heat in oven at 
350° F. about 20 minutes. 

Deviled Eggs 

50 eggs 
\y 2 cups mayonnaise 

1 cup milk 
l / 2 cup lemon juice 

1 tbsp. salt 

3 /4 tbsp. mustard 

Hard cook eggs, peel and cut length- 
wise. Remove yolks and mash thor- 
oughly. Combine yolks with other in- 
gredients and mix well. Fill egg whites 
and top with a dash of paprika. 

Corn Bread 
(50 servings— 2 pans 18" x 25") 

2'/2 quarts sifted whole-wheat flour 

2 cups brown sugar 
\ l / 2 tbsp. salt 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Y 4 cup baking powder 

7 cups corn meal 
V/4 cups eggs (about 6) 
2 I / 2 cups shortening, melted 
2 ! /4 quarts milk 

Sift flour, sugar, salt, and baking 
powder together. Add corn meal and 
mix thoroughly. Combine beaten eggs, 
melted shortening, and milk. Pour 
liquid mixture into dry ingredients all 
at once, and mix lightly until just com- 
bined. Mixture will have a lumpy 
appearance. Pour into greased pans 
and bake in hot oven (400° F.) about 
25 minutes. 

Prune Butter 
4 cups cooked prune pulp 
\y 2 cups brown sugar 

1 tsp. nutmeg 
V2 ts P- cinnamon 
1 lemon, grated rind only 

Wash, halve, and pit prunes. Place 



in heavy kettle with just enough water 
to cover bottom oE pan. Simmer until 
prunes are soft and then put through 
a sieve. Measure and add sugar, 
spices, and grated lemon rind. Cook 
slowly, stirring frequently, until smooth 
and thick. Cool. 

Fruit Punch 

6 cups brown sugar 

3 quarts water 

2 dozen large oranges 

1 dozen lemons 

1 quart pineapple juice (or any other) 

6 quarts water (or 3 qts. water and 3 
qts. plain unflavored soda water) 

Boil sugar and 3 quarts water 2 min- 
utes; cool. Add orange, lemon, and 
pineapple juice to chilled syrup. Add 
cold water. If soda water is used, add 
it just before serving. This will serve 
50, with refills. 




COLOR IN BEDROOMS 



by A. D. MacEwen 

Most of us have several bedrooms 
during our lifetime. We may 
move from one home to an- 
other only once or twice, but the 
very stages of growing up and be- 
coming older give each of us a type 
of bedroom at each stage. Not only 
do personal color preferences change 
with the years, but the very purpose 
and function of the bedroom also 
changes during these years. The 
general color scheme should likewise 

JULY 1952 



in mini mil mini iimiiuiim mini iiiiiiinmmiiimiH mm iiimmminimiiiiiiiillllllli 

(The fifth in a series of articles on 
color for today's home) 

IIIHIIIIIIHimillHIMIIIIIIIIIIIIItlllllllllllllHIIIIIIHimHMIIIIIHHIIHHMIIIIIIIIIIIIIHimil 

change in keeping. Let's see how 
this works out. 

Beginning at the beginning, there 
is the nursery. The very young child 
is probably not much influenced by 
color in this nursery stage of his 
life. He is much too absorbed in 
learning the familiarities and associa- 
tions of the form of things. How- 
ever, as the child grows just a little 
(Continued on following page) 




Bind Your 

Improvement Eras 

for Reference 



Preserve your Improve- 
ment Era copies by having 
them bound into permanent 
yearly volumes. You'll find 
them excellent reference 
sources for your family, and 
they are a proud addition 
to any library. Quality 
workmanship and materials 
will make these volumes 
last a lifetime. 



The cost is just $3.00 per volume 
(F.O.B. Salt Lake City; postpaid, add 
30c. Canada and other foreign 
countries add 75c.) 

Save your Eras and send them for binding to 

Deseret News Press 

#8 South Main Street Salt Lake City, Utah 

545 




LAWSUITS 

FREQUENTLY FOLLOW 

ACCIDENTS 

When an accident happens it's too 
late to wish you were insured . . . 
and good intentions won't take 
the piace of protection when it 
comes to settlement. So ask your 
local KOL03 AGENT to review your 
auto insurance policy, and to show 
you other places where you pos- 
sibly need protection. As a repre- 
sentative of the Iritermountain 
West's largest general insurance 
agency he can assure of strong, 
stock company policies, all types of 
insurance and prompt, fair settle- 
ment of claims. 




FRANK SALISBURY, MGR. 
330 Judge Bldg. Salt Lake City 



COLOR IN BEDROOMS 



CRAWFORD 

HMMBrUFf 

DOORS 

THE DOOR THAT LIFTS FREE 
AND EASY AT EITHER SIDE 




RADIO CONTROLLED ELECTRIC 
DOOR OPERATORS FOR ALL 
MAKES OF GARAGE DOORS. 
OPENS AND CLOSES DOORS 
AT A TOUCH OF THE FINGER. 




Crawford Marvel-Lift Door i$ the 
first and only garage door to be 
awarded industry's highest honor, 
the Merit Award of the American 
Society of Industrial Engineers. 



CRAWFORD door sales co. 

155 W. 2 So. • Salt Lake City • 4-6531* 



(Continued from preceding page) 
older, he discovers color all around 
him. He is fascinated by some of 
it, and even at this stage begins to 
form color associations quickly and 
to a marked degree. In most homes, 
the bedroom of the small child is 
also the playroom — his own little 
private living room. The colors in 
this room are very important to his 
development. We do not have to be 
child psychologists to apply our ob- 
servations of certain color reactions 
to get planned color into the bed- 
room-playroom. 

As the child becomes aware of color, 



it is naturally the bright, pure, pri- 
mary colors which first attract. These 
are certainly not suitable for covering 
any large surface, and at this stage, 
the mass colors of the room should 
be fairly well-balanced. This is in 
preparation for the more subtle color 
associations that soon will be forming. 
The wall shades should not be too 
dark, and of the warm type. Warm 
tans, beiges, or light rust shades are 
good. The ceiling and trim areas 
should be balanced by being the cool 
shades — gray- greens, or even pale 
cream. You will probably agree that 
this is a safe color theory to use at 



^^"^Jvavav^^j^SSixiTvSs^^ 



\Jvi J^wfanitu 



RICHARD L. EVANS 



Comehow or other it seems that the use of language which 
profanes the name of Deity has become a most flagrantly 
casual custom, until one may hear it sometimes in the most 
unexpected places and from the most unexpected people. 
Some of those who permit themselves profane utterance may 
be merely careless or thoughtless; some seem to be self- 
consciously affecting an air of sophistication; some seem de- 
fiantly offensive. Sometimes offensive oaths and profane 
utterances are used by people who may sincerely feel that 
they are adding strength and force and firmness to their 
words. But whenever a person feels that he must employ 
profanity to add weight to his words, one rather suspects 
that there is some inherent weakness in his words, which 
fact he is trying to cover up by the use of an overdose of 
bad language — like trying to kill the offensive flavor of un- 
savory food with a suspiciously heavy covering of condi- 
ments. A simple truth does not need the bolstering of bad 
language. A simple truth simply needs accurate and sincere 
utterance. And aside from religious and moral considerations, 
the common use of profanity and oaths does much to weaken 
our words. Our tongue is a powerful tool if we will use it 
with direct and earnest simplicity and not attempt to blast 
our way through our ideas with profane and irreverent 
utterance. At best, profanity is in bad taste; at worst, it is a 
grave offense. And scarcely would it seem consistent that 
we should pray for divine favor for the protection of our 
loved ones, for the preservation of our lives, for peace, for 
health and happiness, and for our daily needs, and then go 
about profaning the name of him whom we have asked for 
help. There is still this commandment for the keeping of 
which we are still accountable: "Thou shalt not take the 
name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not 
hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain." 1 "Our 
Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name." 2 * 



*Revised. 

Deuteronomy 5:11. 
2 Matthew 6:9. 



Jhe J^aoken l/l/ord 



546 



) poteen 1/1/ ord FROM TEMPLE SQUARE 

PRESENTED OVER KSL AND THE COLUMBIA BROADCASTING 

SYSTEM, MAY 18, 1952 

Copyright, 1952 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



first, when the bedroom occupant is 
too young to express his wishes in a 
practical way. We know, too, that 
it won't be long before the general 
associations of reds and yellows with 
warmth, and greens and blues with 
coolness and rest, begin to assert 
themselves. These are unconscious 
feelings. However, the usual child 
searches always for coziness and se- 
curity, especially when left alone. 
When he is playing on the floor, the 
coolest part of the room, warm wall 
tones will add to this feeling of 
warmth and security. When he is 
lying in the semidark for the after- 
noon nap, a restful ceiling shade will 
aid repose. Accessories and toys, 
which change as the child develops, 
may be of the brighter colors pre- 
ferred at the time, to give interest. 

By the time the child reaches 
school age, his imagination is really 
working. More and more outside 
influences are felt, and from this age 
on for a few years, color associations, 
both pleasant and unpleasant, form 
rapidly and frequently. The vast 
majority are short-lived, but some 
are carried on even to adult years. 
If you tried to change the bedroom 
colors every time a new color prefer- 
ence "phase" was evident, it would 
be an almost impossible — and cer- 
tainly uneconomical — task. The trick 
is — and don't minimize its impor- 
tance — to observe the trends in color 
association, and do something about 
those which show signs of reasonable 
permanency. In today's paint age, 
the cost and effort for change are 
small. The beneficial results may be 
seemingly obscure, but they will add 
their weight to the other influences 
for a happy childhood. 

Now obviously, as each child is 
different, it is impossible to suggest 
specific colors which would suit all 
cases. We should remember that this 
is a combined bedroom-playroom, 
and thus warm tones should pre- 
dominate. But don't hestitate to use 
cool blues or greens, if they are the 
current favorite colors. After all, 
color should be the servant, not the 
master. Presence of cooler colors, 
especially on the ceiling, can add 
comfort on those hot summer eve- 
nings when sleep comes with diffi- 
culty. Don't hestitate to get the 
older child in on the final selection. 
After all, it's his room. 

The exodus from elementary school 
— the entering of the teen years — 

(Continued on following page) 
JULY 1952 




the difference 
Milk 



makes! 




Each pound 
contains the 
Non Fat Milk 
Solids of — 

7 OUNCES OF MM 

• MORE FOOD VALUE 

• BETTER FLAVOR 

Milk-Improved Table Queen 
costs no more than ordinary bread 




PONCHITO says buy 
EARLY CALIFORNIA 
cadet ripe pitted olives 




PIKES PEAR 
FLOUR 

With FOUR 

Extra Baking 

Advantages 



SALT LAKE FLOUR MILLS 
425 West 5th South 
Salt Lake City, Utah 



547 




WIN THIS 
SUNFLOWER, , 
TUNA SERVER f 

On the back o*a Breast -0- 
Chicken Tuna label, fancy solid 
or chunk pack,, complete, this 
^sentence in 15 words or less: 
"We love Breast-0'-£hiekfin Tuna 
because.. "Add up to 15 wore words. 
Hail It to 8rea$t'0'-Chicke,n Tuna, 
Oept 1-27 ?,0. Box 300?, Los Angeles 
5f, California. 



3,000 

to be igiven J 

Beautiful, actual colors. 
75 inches in diameter 
Weal for tuna salads, 
sandwiches and hors 
d'oewes. Made in Cal- 
ifornia to sell for $15- 
b# Brad KLee/er Artwares. 
$ntest ends August 20, 
1952. See contest rules 
at grocers. 

* Guaranteed by 
Good Housekeeping 



BREAST 




PURE AMERICAN PACK, 
NO Artificial Preservatives.' 
NO Artificial Flavor Boasters f 

NO Artificial Coloring! 



© 



1952 WESTGATE-SUN HARBOR COMPANY 



CHICKEN 

the brand that brings you only the D6SC(ftUni 



as recommended in 

Reader's Digest 




NEW FAUCETS I? 

FROM OLD m%0 



with new 



each 



w 



fj 



NO ROTATE 

FAUCET WASHER 

Stop wasteful, nerve-nagging, leaking fau- 
cets—even old ones that otherwise might 
have to be replaced—with NO-ROTATE, 
the amazing washer written up in Reader's 
Digest. NO -ROTATE outlasts ordinary 
washers 10 to 20 times because it plugs 
shut instead of grinding away with every 
turn of the faucet. Used for many years by 
large hotels, hospitals and other public 
buildings. Simple to install with ordinary 
household tools — wrench, screw driver 
and pliers. Now available for home use! 



YOUR DEALER HAS THEM NOW! 



^Unbreakable . . . moulded 
j to look like glass. Light- 
weight, noise free. Eco- 
nomical. Standard height. 
Order from vour dealer. 

SPECIAL OFFER 
Mail $1.00 for trial lot of 
one dozen sent postpaid. 

55 Sudbury St., Boston 14, Mass. 




BRASS GOODS'CO. 

548 



A delightful 

hot beverage for those 

who don't drink coffee. 



AT YOUR GROCERS 




Color In Bedrooms 

(Continued from preceding page) 

the change from youngster to youth 
— what changes it brings! A whole 
new series of influences are at work, 
and the whole outlook changes, 
sometimes quite drastically. The boy 
usually becomes more interested in 
sports and in his feeling of mascu- 
line superiority. The girl, likewise, 
tends to "put away childish things" 
and pays more attention to things 
feminine. The bedroom ceases to 
be a playroom, but still remains a 
personal living room. It should be 
expected that deeper tones will be 
wanted, but light is an important 
factor. The bedroom is now also a 
place of reading and for study. With 
due regard for room proportioning, 
try to have the ceiling and the wall 
area facing the windows light in 
character. Make sure that artificial 
lighting is really adequate. It is also 
helpful to have the one wall, seen 
when the eyes are lifted from study 
desk or table, in a medium tint of 
blue-gray or green-gray — making it 
easier for the eyes when working 
with print on white paper. This 
may be the ceiling color, carried 
down. When choosing accessory 
colors for enameled furniture, drapes, 
etc., let the occupant have his or her 
say. Merely suggest that contrast 
in these adds interest and life; for 
example, deep greens add to the 
masculinity of a boy's rust or tan 
room; warm yellows give cheer and 
sparkle in the "blue" room. This is a 
very important bedroom, stage. Pres- 
tige, so eagerly sought by the teen- 
agers, will be gained if they can 
bring friends into this, their per- 
sonal "living" room, with a sense of 
personal pride. 

At the next stage of life, choice of 
bedroom color is further complicated. 
The room is now shared by two peo- 
ple. Compromise of personal color 
prejudices is necessary. However, the 
bedroom is now just a bedroom, its 
function as a living room no longer 
existing. The room is mainly oc- 
cupied on three occasions: preparing 
for a good night's rest, getting up in 
the gray light to another day ahead, 
and for relatively short periods of 
making changes of dress. At the 
close of day, the thoughts and feel- 
ings of repose are desired and call 
for restful colors. Most of us need 
a little encouragement in the morn- 
ing and require a helpful, stimulat- 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



ing color. Warm color to offset the 
room chill at this time is also de- 
sirable. Perhaps just these three con- 
siderations can guide us. The latter 
two should lead to predominating 
warmer tones. To satisfy the first, 
the ceiling and trim can be in cooler 
tones — such as blue-gray, or green- 
gray. Ceiling color can be carried 
down the wall behind the head of 
the bed, so that a restful color is 
the last seen as you go to bed — be- 
sides enhancing the rich wood of the 
bedstead itself. In the smaller room, 



this adaptation will add apparent 
size as well. 

In most bedrooms at this stage, 
lighting is important only to enhance 
the color scheme of the room, with 
brighter light required in two areas — 
around the vanity and dresser mir- 
rors and at the head of the bed or 
beds, for those who read a bit be- 
fore dropping off. This means that 
deeper color tones can be used here; 
the depth of tone should be governed 
by the finish of the wood in the fur- 
nishings. 



THE EDITOR'S PAGE 



(Concluded from page 502) 
face, George, and blush." Why? Be- 
cause that little simple act had within 
it the expression of the spirit of the 
Revolution. The spirit of freedom 
was expressed by that woman in a 
little deed of service to her country. 
That is why General Greene wrote: 
"Hide your face, George, and blush." 

So it may be in the Church; some 
little act by a deacon, a teacher, a 
priest, an elder, a high priest, a seven- 
ty, an Apostle, or anyone- — some lit- 
tle act may manifest his service to 
his Church and express that loyalty 
"which every young man feels, which 
every young man desires to express, 
and which can best be manifested 
by service in the work of the Lord. 
Let us choose this day, throughout 
all Israel, to say with Joshua of old: 
I know not what ye may choose. If 
ye do not wish to serve the Lord, 
choose ye other gods; go after the 
spirit of the world, if you will; "... 
but as for me and my house, we will 
serve the Lord." 

The line between truth and error 



has been distinctly marked, and the 
members of the Church of Jesus 
Christ, and all others, are given the 
choice of truth or error. I believe 
you cannot find throughout the 
Church one young man who if the 
choice be given him would say: "I 
choose to serve the world." Why is 
it then that we do sometimes serve 
the world? It is through ignorance 
or weakness. 

It is the duty of the Latter-day 
Saints to teach young people how to 
serve the Master. The Church, though 
in the world, is not of the world. 
There are two distinct armies; they 
are facing each other. The Church 
stands for truth; the enemy is error. 
May God help us and make us feel 
this day our duty to teach the young 
how to serve God and may the bless- 
ings of our Father be upon the youth 
of Israel and upon all the Saints 
everywhere, that we may choose to 
serve him and keep his command- 
ments, for there is nothing in life 
that brings more happiness than 
righteous living — than serving God. 



THE CHURCH MOVES ON 



(Continued from page 497) 
Ol It was announced that L. D. S. 
^ ■"■ Business College will become a 
branch of Brigham Young University on 
June 1. The business college will there- 
after be known as the L. D. S. Business 
College branch of Brigham Young Uni- 
versity. Those business college courses 
that meet requirements will be ac- 
credited for college credit by the North- 
western Association of Secondary and 
Higher Schools. Faculty members will 
be members of Brigham Young Univer- 
sity faculty, and President Kenneth S. 
Bennion will be designated as director 
of the business college branch. 

y D This week began the clean up of 
r 1 " flood affected areas in Salt Lake 

JULY 1952 



City by hundreds of volunteer priest- 
hood and other members. 

O O It was announced that during the 
" " recent floods in Salt Lake City, 
743 homes were damaged — 296 serious- 
ly; 441 families were evacuated from 
six wards — 392 finding temporary shel- 
ter for themselves and forty-eight being 
assisted by ward and stake welfare com- 
mittees; 3388 individuals spent 30,394 
man-hours working on flood projects 
during the emergency, with 176 trucks, 
"ducks," and other pieces of equipment 
being contributed to combat the flood; 
5490 persons received 9698 inoculations 
over a three- week period at three im- 
munization centers. 



X 



*• 







: 



Make MORE for LESS 
with Sure, Dependable 

M. C. P. 

Jam and Jelly 

PECTIN 

The Pectin that Jells More 
Fruit and Sugar per Package . * , 
Saves You Time, Work, Money! 



TO MAKE FRESH BERRY 
JAMS FOR INSTANCE . . . 



(For 1 Recipe) 

HERE'S WHAT YOU BUY! 

3 quarts (3 lbs.) fully ripe berries . . . any 
variety; 4 lbs. sugar; 1 package M.C.P. 
Pectin; 14 seven-ounce glasses; paraffin; 2 
lemons or M.C.P. Lemon Juice for Straw- 
berry Jam and Black Raspberry Jam. 

HERE'S WHAT YOU DO! 

1 ■ Wash, stem, and grind berries, or crush 
layer at a time so each berry is reduced 
to pulp. 

2. Measure exactly 6 level cups crushed 
berries into large kettle. Add water to fill 
out last cup, if necessary. (NOTE: For 
Strawberry Jam and Black Raspberry Jam 
use 534 cups crushed berries and l A cup 
fresh or M.C.P. Lemon Juice.) 

3. Add M.C.P. Pectin, stir well, bring to 
boil, stirring constantly. 

4. NOW, add 8 1/2 level cups sugar (pre- 
viously measured), mix well, bring to full 
rolling boil, BOIL EXACTLY 4 MINUTES. 

5. Remove from fire, let boil subside, stir 
and skim by turns for 5 minutes. 

6. Pour into sterilized glasses, allowing 
1/2-in. space for sealing with fresh paraffin. 

HERE'S WHAT YOU GET! 



© 



14 SEVEN-OUNCE GLASSES OF THE 
FINEST BERRY JAM YOU EVER TASTED! 



its jam 

and JB-IY 



INSURANCE 




A Product of 
MUTUAL CITRUS PRODUCTS CO. 

Established 1928 • Anaheim, California 



549 



Looking For Cool, 
Comfortable Dining? 




Here's the place for you! 
Come in and fry our new 
Temple View Dining Room. 
Enjoy the same fine food 
that has won so many 
friends for our Coffee Shop 
over the years, plus extra 
comfort and new beauty. 
You'll want to come often 
— and bring the family, too. 
The kiddies love our special 
souvenir menus and our 
secret club. 



HOTEL 
TEMPLE SQUARE 

Clarence L. West, Manager 

IN USE for SEVENTY-FIVE YEARS 

Aids in treatment of Canker, simple 
sore throat and other minor mouth 
and throat irritations. 

HALLS REMEDY 

Salt Lake City. Utah 



E 



CATHEDRAL 
CHIMES 



IIIIIIU i 



MAAS CHIMES, Dept. 219, Los Angeles 39, Cal. 



m 



Send for a free copy of 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 
INDEX FOR 1951 

Include 3c postage 

50 North Main St. 
Salt Lake City 1 



THE WORLD OE THE JAREDITES 



(Concluded from page 510) 

experience of Western man as the 
other side of the moon. 

On the other side of the picture 
we have the Lord himself speaking 
"in all humility" (what a commen- 
tary on humility!) to any man who 
is ready to receive him. The Jared- 
ites were not Israelites or even the 
seed of Abraham: They were simply 
human beings, apparently a nonde- 
script body of no particular racial 
affinity. Time and place cease to 
exist in this story, for many men of 
whom we have no record spoke face 
to face with the Lord long before 
he came to fulfil his earthly mission. 
This remarkable indifference to any 
quality but faith is carried in Ether 
even into the next world, where we 
learn that the Lord has prepared 
"among the mansions of [his] 
Father" a house for man (see Id., 
32), "a place for the children of men" 
where the faithful of this earth shall 
be at home among the faithful of 
other worlds. Thus the bonds of 
time and place are completely dis- 
solved in Moroni's theology, and the 
same promises and warnings that 
hung over the world of the Jaredites 
are handed on to our own world. 

In closing, let me point out that it 
is in the Book of Mormon, specifical- 
ly in the book of Ether, that we 
read about things beyond the veil, 
of other worlds than this- — many 
mansions, among which the faithful 
of this world inherit but 'one — and of 
men who talk with Jesus Christ face 
to face in visions. All this I find 



published in 1830, when Joseph 
Smith was but twenty-four years old 
and the Church not yet organized. 
Yet some of my intellectual friends 
are even now knocking themselves 
out to show that all such ideas were 
the product of Joseph Smith's later 
thinking, and that the idea of any- 
thing like his First Vision was first 
worked out by a committee in Nau- 
voo in 1843. 

There is nothing like the story of 
the Jaredites to show us that the gos- 
pel is as timeless as it is true. 

If the historical part of the book 
of Ether were to be put forth to the 
world as the translation of some text 
found, let us say, in the Cave of the 
Thousand Buddhas, the experts on 
early Asia might think it a work of 
fiction but would find nothing in it, 
barring the strange proper names, to 
make them doubt that it reflected a 
genuine ancient culture. If you want 
to be very cautious, you might say 
there is very little in it that would 
annoy the expert. But bearing in 
mind that Asiatic studies are still 
in embryo, and considering the 
conditions under which this work 
was published and the fabulously 
remote probability of the writer's 
getting anything right at all, I think 
no further credentials are necessary 
to establish the authenticity of the 
book. The book of Ether, claiming 
to be reporting the ways of very early 
Asiatics, rings the bell (like the book 
of First Nephi) much too often to 
represent the marksmanship of man 
shooting at random in the dark. 
(The End) 



TOBACCO. AN EVIL INFLUENCE 



(Continued from page 531) 
harmony with the program and doc- 
trine of the Church then they are 
antagonistic towards it, and because 
the influence from the Church is un- 
questionably good, it is of course 
wrong for the youth to remain away 
from Church activity. 

Section 89 of the Doctrine and 
Covenants was given as a revelation 
from God. In this section we are 
told, "Behold, verily, thus saith the 
Lord unto you: In consequence of 
evils and designs which do and will 
exist in the hearts of conspiring men 
in the last days, I have warned you, 
and forewarn you, by giving unto 
you this word of wisdom by revela- 



550 



tion." We believe, with no reserva- 
tion, that the cigaret is a device of 
the devil, and the insidious methods 
applied by the advertising mediums 
bear -this out. 

Are we narrow-minded? We think 
not, and we say this in all sincerity 
even though we are well aware that 
some who smoke remain away from 
church activity because they may feel 
unwelcome. These members are not 
denied the usual privileges, however, 
and they are never singled out as 
being unworthy. Any incentive 
gained by them to remain away is 
something entirely personal with 
them. The consensus among our 
members is that we should certainly 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



make these folk welcome, short of 
refraining from teaching the Word 
of Wisdom. It should easily be seen 
that the smoker has no more right to 
be offended because discussion em- 
braces this subject than one who is 
unchaste is offended because the 
topic of chastity is discussed. We are 
all anxious to know more of the word 
of God, and we attend church meet- 
ings for inspiration and guidance. 
Some believe smoking is a relatively 
minor thing and that many good 
works and temporal ordinances are 
not completed as a direct result of 
too much stress being placed on 
teaching the Word of Wisdom. In 
this regard it is quite probable that 
tobacco is just one of numerous 
stimuli that tend to chill the mem- 
ber's responsiveness and enthusiasm. 
Anyone sold on the gospel of Jesus 
Christ would forego smoking as a 
token of submission to our Lord's 
suggested words of wisdom, given not 
by way of commandment or con- 
straint but as a principle adapted to 
the capacity of the weak. How can 
we possibly oppose with argument the 
meaning of this revelation. 

There is obviously no alternative 
for us. Either we accept the 89th 
section of the Doctrine and Cove- 
nants and try to preserve our youth 
from any influence of evil that takes 
them away from Church activity, or 
we abolish the principle of that sec- 
tion. A revelation from God is never 
abolished by man — there is no com- 
promise. We know there is an evil 
influence that stems from tobacco, 
even though the tobacco itself is not 
immoral. An evil influence origi- 
nates from only one source, the devil. 
Tobacco is a threat to the well-being 
of our youth, and we have, therefore, 
every moral right to attach an evil 
influence to it. 



HOMECOMING 

By Elaine V. Emans 

T_Tome may be the merest hollow 
■* ■*• Underneath a stone, 
Bank or barn eaves to the swallow 
That half a world has flown. 

Home may be a cockleshell, 
Cocoon for chrysalis. 
Home may be a single cell 
Or towering edifice. 

Home may be a work of art 
Or straw that scarce endures — 
But home may be a loving heart, 
And thus I come to yours. 
rJULY 1952 





. . . IT'S TODAY'S 
BEST BUY IN TRAVEL! 

Take to the open road — by 
Greyhound! Frequent schedules 
save time; low fares save money. 

VPS Greyhound's FREE Va- 
cation Planning Service will ar- 
range for hotels, special sight- 
seeing, transportation — all for 
one low cost! 





W1MZ. 



BIG CITIES 



SUNNY BEACHES 



See your Greyhound Agent about 
popular vacationlands all over 
America, Canada, and Mexico. 
Ask for FREE FOLDER! 



SALT LAKE COSTUME CO. 

248 So. Main St., Salt Lake City - Dial 3-1031 



•/ MAKE EXTRA MONEY 

f The Friendly WESTERN Way! 



Show new Christmas Cards from the West. 21- 
Card $1 Assortment sells fast, pays you up to 
50c! GOLDEN SCROLL Address Book, TREAS- 
URES For The Home, Personalized Christmas 
Cards, others. No experience needed. Write now 
for assortments on approval, FREE Imprint Samples. 

WESTERN ART STUDIOS, Dept. 94 8 

257 South Spring Street, Los Angeles 12, California 




Just Open A 

SAVINGS ACCOUNT 

NOW! 

with $50.00 or more and you will receive 

FREE your lovely Schaeffer Fineline pen 

and pencil set. 

Savings Accounts in any amount $1 to 

$25,000. 

32 years of continuous operation. 

CURRENT «%^ Per 
DIVIDEND S' c Annum 

Utah Savings 

and Loan Association 

172 West Center, PROVO, UTAH 

MAIL H AN DY^ COUPON^ 

Send your check or money order to 
Utah Savings, 172 Center, Provo, and 
your savings pass book and pen set 
will be mailed to you immediately. 

Name 

Address 

City Zone.. ..State t 



I 



HEADQUARTERS FOR L.D.S. 
IN LAS VEGAS. NEVADA 



YE KINGS REST MOTEL 

526 SOUTH 5TH STREET 

Dr. Harold B. Foutz, Owner 

Edgar H. Foutz, Manager 

Beautyrest Mattresses Throughout 



I 



NEED EXTRA MONEY? 

Sell Christmas Cards, Stationery and Gift Items 

BIG PROFITS UP TO 50% 

Send for actual samples on approval 

WRITE TODAY! 

SERVICE BOOK AND CARD CO. 

8811 Whittier Blvd., Pico, Calif. 
L.D.S. Owned and Operated 



551 



i 
1 



^N-*??; 




^ut 





^<OPQttfS 




Gallup, New Mexico 
To: The Improvement Era 

Salt Lake City, Utah 
Re: Woman and children converted to the gospel from reading 

old Eras. 
Tn June of 1947 we moved from Safford, Arizona, to Gallup, 
■*■ New Mexico. We left in the bookcase Eras for 1945-46 
and a few Relief Society Magazines. Sister Allred and I talked 
about destroying the magazines but decided to leave them, 
and if the people who moved in didn't want them, they could 
\ get rid of them. 

Our home was sold in July 1947 to a Mr. and Mrs. Adams. 
After the Adams family moved into their new home, the chil- 
dren found and began to read the Eras. Mrs. Adams, seeing 
the children reading and seemingly very much interested, asked 
what they were reading and where they got the magazines. 
They told her they were in the bookcase and that they liked 
the stories very much; so Mrs. Adams started looking through 
and reading the Eras also. As Mrs. Adams and her children 
read the Era, they wanted to know more about the gospel, so 
Mrs. Adams asked a bishop's counselor for help. The stake 
missionaries were sent to see her. She told them of the Eras 
and asked about the gospel. The result: Mrs. Adams and her 
children were baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints. 

I had heard about all this from several of my friends, but 

i wanted to know and hear it from Sister Adams. So a few 

weeks ago Sister Allred and I were in Safford, and I went to 

; the home of Mr. and Mrs. Adams. There I met Sister Adams 

■ and her children and asked her to tell me the story of finding 

:; the Eras and of her conversion to the Church. I told her I 

: wanted to hear it from her own lips. I was touched as she 

i told me the story and bore testimony of the truthfulness of 

| the gospel and told of their happiness in the Church — she 

was thankful the Eras were left in the bookcase. '■'..•- 

The gospel can be preached in many ways. 

Clifford L. Allred 

Camp Roberts, California 
Dear Editors: 

Asa soldier away from home I want to tell you that The 

■** Improvement Era is really a vital source of inspiration to 

: live according to Church standards — it lets us know what 

I the Church is doing and gives us the avenue by which we 

| can receive the words of advice from the General Authorities. 

So far I have been able to utilize its contents as a means of 

acquainting the fellows with the Church and its activities 

! as it is always passed out to some other fellow member that 

i for some reason or other doesn't receive it. 

Pvt. Victor L. Hansen 

Athens, Greece 
Dear Editors: 

T)ossibly I am the only L.D.S. member in Greece or for miles 
■V around, and The Improvement Era is the only means I 
have in keeping contact with the Church. I look forward to it 
as I never have before. 

I want to take this opportunity to thank those who are mak- 
ing it possible for me to have this magazine of all magazines. 
May the Lord see fit to send missionaries to this foreign 
land to fulfil ray heart's desires. 

Sincerely, 
/s/ M/Sgt. Samuel Gadzia 

Fort Defiance, Arizona 
Dear Editors: 

A gain I should like to express to you my sincere appreciation 
■** and satisfaction for the fine magazine, The Improvement 
Era. Keep them coming, for we do enjoy them all. 

In behalf of the Crystal community people also we wish to 
extend appreciation for the fine magazine of each month. 

Most of our Lamanite people around here can't read or write, 
but they say they enjoy the stories anyway when they get 
someone to read it to them. The story about "Yellowface" 
was exceptionally good. I enjoyed it very much. 



There are many articles in the Era that help us in many 
ways. 

A million thanks to everyone who contributes such beautiful 
poems and stories. 

May our heavenly Father bless each and everyone of you. 

I am one of your Lamanite sisters in the gospel of Jesus 
Christ. 

I si Miss Kathryn Polacca 



Montevideo, Uruguay 
Dear Editors: 

Tt was just yesterday that my companion and I received The 
* Improvement Era of January and February here in the in- 
terior branch of Minas, some 130 kilometers from Montevideo. 
I read with a great deal of interest the articles, "Through the 
Eyes of Youth." Once I fancied myself a writer, and decided 
to see how far my fancy carried me. The result is the enclosed 
"Let No Man Despise Thy Youth." . . . 

For the record, I was baptized June 18, 1950, a convert to 
the Church, and arrived here some \S l / 2 months ago on 
December 4, 1950. My parents are not members, but with 
their help and help from Payson 3rd Ward I am being main- 
tained here. 

We enjoy the Era immensely — particularly are the stories of 
the Church leaders enlightening and inspiring studies. 

In particular I felt the life of Elder Widtsoe was tremendous, 
not only because of the man himself, but also because Elder 
B owen's words were full of love and respect that each Church j 
member feels, but never so nobly expresses. 

May God inspire your labors, 
/s/ Elder Jerry P. Cahill 

Tigirton R. I. Wise. I 
Dear Editors, 

r have been receiving The Improvement Era for several j 
*■ months through the courtesy of Clarence Neely, Cornish, 
Utah. I wish to extend my many thanks for the wonderful . 
magazine. I truly enjoy every feature. 

I am especially grateful to the missionaries that brought the 
restored gospel of Jesus Christ to our home as I am one of 
your Lamanite sisters. 

In closing I wish to extend again many thanks and may God 
bless and prosper the good work. 

Sincerely, 
(Signed) Marcella Rachel Powless 

Wales, Utah; 
Dear Magazine: 

For many years you have been a regular visitor in our home, 
and we enjoyed your every visit . . . more than you will: 
ever know. But for nine months you failed to visit us (through I 
no fault of yours), and we missed you. Yesterday was a good 
day; you came to visit our home again; and you were very 
welcome. It will be with glad hands and thankful hearts that 
we will welcome you in the coming months. 

Your March visit brought so many good things to read, all 
worthy of "special mention." I wish every parent would read ; 
and remember "A Parent's Prayer" by La Vera Dunbar. It 
is a wonderful, beautiful prayer, worthy to be in every parent's; 
heart. 

May God continue to bless each one of you in the Era de-; 
partment. 

Sincerely, 

Mrs. Vay Anna Price 

Santa Monica, Calif. \ 
Dear Editors: 

What a pleasure to open The Improvement Era and read 
"Portrait." (March 1952.) The photograph and sonnet 
pictured one of my earliest memories. The line "Though like 
as not ..." made the poem perfect for me, listening as I do 
with an inherited New England sensibility. . . . 

Sincerely, 
Velma Fehling 



I 

■7? 

9} 

?} 

I 

9). 



552 THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




The spacious Model #584 table 

is 69" long, seating six or more when 

open. When not in use, it closes 

to a compact 23"wide, nesting 

two Model #63 1 A* chairs. 



The current trend is toward smaller 
homes and apartments that make efficient 

use of every inch of space. 
As space savers, Virtue Bros! gate-leg, 

m drop-leaf f able dinettes 

are unsurpassed. 



CHROME DINETTES 



se of small space 




For further space saving 
the 534A Model closes to 

just 14'' It is shown with 
■ chairs #621A? Both sets 
are available in Grey, Red, 

Yellow, Green and Blue. 

Foam rubber in chair seats 





The West's largest manufacturer of chrome furniture 

VIRTUE BROS. MFG. CO. 

Sold at leading western and mid-western department and furniture stores. 



5701 WEST CENTURY BOULEVARD 
LOS ANGELES 45, CALIFORNIA 






&$ Tmmik$p 4iM 




W 



ISE LEADERS provide a worth-while outlet for youthful energies 
through a balanced program of "spiritualized recreation." 



BENEFICIAL LIFE 



w. 



ISE PARENTS provide for the education and other financial needs of 
their children through a balanced program of Beneficial Life Insurance. 



Insurance 



Company 



David O. McKay, Pm. \BB4BHC1AL/ Sa " ^^ C ^' Utah 



Ouer one-quarter billion dollars of life insurance in force.