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Full text of "The Improvement Era"

IMPROVEMENT 1 




NOVEMBER 1952 




ELDER ALBERT E. BOWEN 




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say we/ke/ne ft a/// &/ze 7c?/??/frf 




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We have solved the problem of seating a 
big family or extra company over the holidays. 
One of these three Virtue chrome dinettes 
is the answer. They are easy to live with, too. 

The sturdy MiCALiTE*tops, Duran* upholstery 
and gleaming chrome combine to give you a 
"Holiday from Care." Just wipe them clean with 
a damp cloth. Your dealer has 10 other 
beautiful models from which to choose 
...see them for yourself. 



. . . dinette 

seats eight 

comfortably. 

Choose from a 

beautiful array 

of colors. 




VIRTUE BROS. MFG. CO. 



5701 West Century Boulevard • Los Angeles 45, California 

7ht West's largest manufacturer of chrome furniture 




by Dr. Franklin S. Harris, Jr. 



The phalarope, a small shore bird, is 
unusual in three ways. The female 
is larger than the male, and is brightly 
colored while the male is drab. The 
female performs the courtship and the 
male incubates the eggs. 

The brain of a water beetle is about 
1/4200 of the body volume while 
the bee brain is about 1/174 and the 
human brain is 1/50 body size. 

rp he tiny elf owl needs not only a 
■*■ large cactus in which to nest but 
also two kinds of woodpeckers which 
make the holes for the nest: no wood- 
peckers, no nests, hence no owls. 

-* nth on y Barnett has observed that 
-** one of the most important factors 
in the fall of the death rate has been 
the availability, since about 1750, of 
cheap cotton clothing. This washable 
clothing made cleanliness easier and so 
reduced infection. 

rp he surface velocity of glaciers varies 
■*■ from a few yards each year on the 
smaller Alpine glaciers to several thou- 
sand yards each year on the large ice 
streams of Greenland. A recent 
measurement with a 446 foot hole in a 
glacier in the Bernese Oberland in 
Switzerland found a surface velocity 
of 115 feet each year of which half 
was due to flow within the ice and half 
due to sliding on the bottom over its 
bed. 

tq rofessor William Petrie has calcu- 
lated that from the known number 
of stars that stars the size of our sun 
will suffer on the average an actual 
collision once every two hundred million 
billion years. 

nrf he banana is probably the largest 
■*■ plant on the earth not having a 
woody stem above ground. It is a 
rapidly growing herbaceous perennial 
and therefore not a tree. The earliest 
literary reference to the banana is from 
about the sixth century B.C. and the 
earliest stone representation in an 
ancient Buddhist temple in India of 
175 B.C. The banana has been a culti- 
vated plant in India for over 2000 
years, but was not introduced into 
America until 1516. 
NOVEMBER 1952 



Mnte yitrfriea* 

7}tese Oe/tcMS 
Crackers ? 



JUST RIGHT 

FOR TWO 

BITES 




for a Taste Surprise, 



purity Tom House cwim 



^avorifi 

ToodSht 



PURITY BISCUIT COMPANY • Salt Lake • Pocatello • Phoenix 



777 



B0»* 



ffrft* 



$V\V^ 



J**/ 





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3 



..ALWAYS A PLEASURE TO GIVE 
AND A TREASURE TO RECEIVE 

Here are gifts that outshine them all. So rich, so inspiring and so enduring that 
they'll provide much in the great adventure of living . . . offering consolation, peace 
of mind and guidance year after year. For the gift of gifts this Christmas, choose 
religious books ... a blessing that is yours to bestow. 

1 CHILDREN WILL ENJOY THIS SERIES 

THE STORY OF OUR CHURCH 

FOR YOUNG LATTER-DAY SAINTS 

BY EMMA MARR PETERSEN 

fig* This is another splendid new children's book by Emma Marr Petersen. It's one of the 
OO most revealing volumes for children ever written on the history of the Church. Rich, 
beautiful accounts of the events in the early years of the Church and a full meaning of 
the restoration of the Gospel. So superbly illustrated, and so interestingly written, that 
youngsters will be greatly impressed and have a fuller appreciation of their heritage. 

2. BOOK OF MORMON STORIES 3. BIBLE STORIES 

FOR YOUNG LATTER-DAY SAINTS FOR YOUNG LATTER-DAY SAINTS 



The wonderful stories of the Book 
of Mormon . . . told in an easy style 
that children quickly grasp. Factual 
teachings of God and His people. 



00 



These rich, beautiful stories of the 
Old and New Testament will give 
your children a more accurate view 
of the Bible. 



$3 



00 




4. 

Lehi in the Desert and 
The World of the 
Jaredites 

By Dr. Hugh Nibley 

Undoubtedly the most popular Church book 
of the year! The product of years of rever- 
ent and scholarly research, it reveals a fas- 
cinating study of the lives of the Asiatic 
peoples before their west- tf ^~ ^ _ 
ward migrations. Already in $ "" 'M i. J 
thousands of homes! ^Ei 




SvBln^V S ■SWK.fc':* * 



4»«S$8aSfi£s333oSSfiSB> 



The Book of Mormon 
Testifies 

By Dr. Sidney B. Sperry 
This book climaxes many years of research 
by Dr. Sperry . . . recognized as an au- 
thority of the Book of Mormon. Scholarly 
and inspiring, it's an important book for 
all students, missionaries, and religious 
libraries. Presents a systematic treatment 
of the Book of Mormon, book 
by book. Includes references $ ^* 00 
in every chapter. ^0 




5. 

Will a Man Rob God? 

By Dr. Milton R. Hunter 

An extremely readable new book designed 
to help you enjoy a fuller and richer life 
through observing all Gospel command- 
ments. It's written to give you a better 
understanding of God's great laws of tith- 
ing, fast offerings and the ft ^ _ 
observance of Fast Day. Bene- $ ^ OO 
fieial, timely and revealing! *# 




In a Sunlit Land 

By Dr. John A. Widtsoe 

Now another interesting and rich book by 
the popular author of "In the Gospel Net" 
and many other Church publications. John 
A. Widtsoe's autobiography provides real 
reading enjoyment. Heartwarming, rich and 
humorous, it's filled with reli- 
gious philosophy and wisdom ^ ^_ »» 
of one of the great leaders of $ ^B 00 
the Church. tj 



Wmcwl 

awmneS 1 



'l&chird h'JEymd 



6. 



Tonic For Our Times 

By Richard L. Evans 



A new book that combines spiritual insight 
with brevity and beauty of expression. 
Packed with practical wisdom for daily 
living, it presents the cream of the spoken 
word which accompanies the 
weekly musical programs by tf ^_ 
the Tabernacle Choir and $^9 50 
Organ. ^m 



I Cry Joseph 

Fifty-four Evidences of the Di- 
vine Calling of Joseph Smith 

By George Edward Clark 

Here is a book that presents the evidences 
of the divine calling, ordination and mis- 
sion of Joseph Smith as the Prophet, Seer 
and Revelator of the Latter-days. It bears 
testimony that he was not only a prophet 
of God, but among the great- p aper Bound 
est prophets since the Crea- tf — _ _ 
tion. One of the most chal- $150 
lenging books of the year! I 



778 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



GIFT BOOKS EVERY L.D.S. 

* 



HOME WILL CHERISH 




TO. 

Joseph Smith, 
Seeker After Truth 

By Dr. John A. Widtsoe 

It's factual value is unmatched! No other 
recently published Church book >s more 
revealing. Here are the accomplishments 
of Joseph Smith . . . his life, his character, 
his calling and his contribu- tf -^ mg\ 
tions superbly written. A must $^k50 
for all libraries. «#' 



14. 



Writings of 
Parley P. Pratt 

Compiled by Parker Robison 

Here are the masterful writings, the wisdom 
and discourses of one of our most colorful 
early leaders. His sound philosophy and 
religious understanding has been brilliantly 
presented in this new faith-promoting vol- 
ume. Many of the doctrinal <t jk f\f\ 
subjects presented for the first 3*^1 W 
time! You'll enjoy them! ■ 





Evidences and 

Reconciliations, 

Vols. I to III 

By Dr. John A. Widtsoe 

These three outstanding volumes 
serve as an eternal guide in mak- 
ing today's life situations easier, 
enjoyable and more understandable. 
Answers to questions that every- 
one has wanted to know for years. 
Give the complete set, or purchase 
them separately. 

11. EVIDENCES AND RECONCILIA- 
TIONS, Vol. I $2.25 

12. GOSPEL INTERPRETATIONS, 
Vol. II $2.25 

13. EVIDENCES AND RECONCILIA- 
TIONS, Vol. Ill $2.25 



15. 

The Savior Comes To 
The Promised Land 

By Dr. Deta Petersen Neeley 

This is the concluding volume in a series 
of four books called, "A Child's Story of 
the Book of Mormon." It's authentic, sin- 
cere and geographically correct. Every 
child will get a true picture of this great 
book. The rich, beautiful stories will win 
thousands of young hearts and tf - _ _ 
create in them a lasting in- $175 
terest in the book. I 



16. JOURNEY TO PROMISED 
LAND, Vol. I SI. 75 

17. PRECIOUS LAND OF 
PROMISE, Vol. II $1.75 



I Savior \ 

M'siBK'S \ 

I frwBised § 



18. 



LAND OF THEIR INHERI- 
TANCE, Vol. Ill $1.75 



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Here's a gift every genealogical worker wants for valuable records. This 
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records. Available for the first time with gold embossed temple of Salt Lake, 
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22. ARIZONA, 



SEND 

CHRISTMAS ORDER 

TODAY! 



CHOOSE FROM THESE TWO GROUPS OF CHURCH FA VORITES 



Books for $1.00 



24. BRANCHES OVER THE WALL 
By Ora P. Stewart $1.00 

25. GEMS OF THOUGHT 
Compiled by Dr. Milton R. Hunter $1.00 

26. GOLDEN NUGGETS OF THOUGHT 
Compiled by Ezra Marler $1.00 

27. GOD PLANTED A TREE 
By Ora P. Stewart - , $1.00 

28. LETTER TO MY SON 
By Ora P. Stewart $1 00 

29. MINUTE SERMONS 
By Albert L. Zobell, Jr $1.00 

30. STORYETTES 
By Albert L. Zobell, Jr $1.00 

31. STORYTELLER'S SCRAPBOOK 
By Albert L. Zobell, Jr $1.00 

— '— ——USE THIS CONVENIENT ORDER FORM " »— — ,JL. 
PLEASE SEND THE FOLLOWING BOOKS AS INDICATED: ^ 



No. of 
Book 



Qt. 



Price 



No. of 
Book 



Qt. 



Price 



Cash: C.O.D - - -- 

NAME - ...,. 

ADDRESS - 

CITY, ZON E, STATE \ 



Books from $2.00 to $5.00 

32. AMERICA BEFORE COLUMBUS 

By Dewey Farnsworth $5.00 

33. ANCIENT AMERICA AND THE BOOK OF MORMON 

By Dr. M. R. Hunter, Thomas Ferguson $4.00 

34. FATE OF THE PERSECUTORS OF PROPHET JOSEPH SMITH 

By N. B. Lundwall $3.00 

35. LATTER-DAY PROPHETS SPEAK 

By Daniel H. Ludlow $4.00 

36. L.D.S. SCRIPTURES 

By Gilbert Charles Orme $4.50 

37. MASTERFUL DISCOURSES OF ORSON PRATT 

Compiled by N. B. Lundwall $4.00 

38. PEARL OF GREAT PRICE COMMENTARY 

By Dr. Milton R. Hunter $3.00 

39. KNOW THE BIBLE 

By Benjamin B. Alward $2.00 

40. TREASURES TO SHARE 

By Melvin Westenskow $2.25 

41. SONGS TO SING FOR LATTER-DAY SAINT CHILDREN 

By Marjorie C. Kjar and Glenna T. Holbrook ..$2.00 




NOVEMBER 1952 



779 




IMPROVEMENT 



<•*> n-> VOLUME 55 



NUMBER 11 



r{ovember 1952 



Editors: DAVID 0. McKAY - JOHN A. WIDTSOE - RICHARD L. EVANS 

Managing Editor: DOYLE L. GREEN 

Associate Managing Editor: MARBA C. JOSEPHSON 

Manuscript Editor: ELIZABETH J. MOFFITT - Research Editor: ALBERT L. 

ZOBELL, JR. - "Today's Family" Editor: RUBY H. MORGAN 

Contributing Editors: ARCHIBALD F. BENNETT - G. HOMER DURHAM 

FRANKLIN S. HARRIS, JR. - HUGH NIBLEY - LEE A. PALMER 

CLAUDE B. PETERSEN - SIDNEY B. SPERRY 

General Manager: ELBERT R. CURTIS - Associate Manager: BERTHA S. REEDER 

Business Manager: JOHN D. GILES - Advertising Director: VERL F. SCOTT 

Subscription Director: A. GLEN SNARR 



The Editor's Page 

Some Principles of a Happy Home President David O. McKay 789 

Church Features 

Evidences and Reconciliations — Why Should Family Prayers be 

Held? John A. Widtsoe 790 

Albert E* Bowen — A Lesson from One Man's Life _ 

Richard L* Evans 792 

Map Showing the Location of Missions of the Church in U.S.A. 

and Canada 797 

Map Showing the Location of Missions of the Church Outside the 

U.S.A. 800, 801 

A True Saint — The Autobiography of Annie Shackleton Bowen 

(Mother of Albert E. Bowen) : 808 

The Cannons Came from the Isle of Man — Genealogy 

Elizabeth C. McCrimmon 810 

The Church Moves On 784 Melchizedek Priesthood 849 

Genealogy 810 Presiding Bishopric's Page 850 



Special Features 



Through the Eyes of Youth: Bull's-Eye - Earl Stowell 796 

" ♦ . . Go ye into all the World ♦ ♦ ♦ " Albert L. Zobell, Jr. 798 

My Palomar J. P. Tippetts 806 

The Supreme Court Decision in the Steel Case Jesse R. Smith 807 

The Spoken Word from Temple Square 

Richard L. Evans 844, 848, 852, 856 



Exploring the Universe, Franklin S. 

Harris, Jr 777 

These Times: How to Vote in No- 
Today's Family 

Recipe for Happy Holidays 860 

How Can I Best Prepare for 
Marriage? Rex A. Skidmore ....862 



vember 1952, G. Homer Durham.. 782 

On the Bookrack '. 836 

Your Page and Ours 872 



Song of Thanksgiving, Betty 
Zieve 864 

Baby's First Shoes — You Can Do 
It, Billee Thomas Peel 866 



ies, Poetry 



If All Men Were Brothers W. E. Brocklehurst 802 

The New Song — Part One of a Two-Part Story 

_ ...Alice Morrey Bailey 804 

"As Unto the Bow"— Part 3 .....Edith P. Christiansen 812 






Frontispiece, Youthful Skier, Clara 

Laster 787 

Poetry Page ..788 



Air Mail to the Pacific, Bess Haga- 
man Tefft 849 



r 



C>7 facial K^'raan 



1 



of 



THE PRIESTHOOD QUORUMS, 
MUTUAL IMPROVEMENT ASSOCIA- 
TIONS, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCA- 
TION, MUSIC COMMITTEE, WARD 
TEACHERS, AND OTHER AGENCIES 
OF 

■Jke L^kurck or 

deSixS L^kridt 

of cLatler-aau ~J)aint5 



Jke Cc 



over 



In continuing the series of portraits of 
the General Authorities The Improve- 
ment Era presents this full-color picture 
of Elder Albert E. Bowen who has been 
a member of the Council of the Twelve 
Apostles since April 1937. The photo- 
graph is by American Photo News, Inc., 
New York. (See also page 792.) 



780 



EDITORIAL AND BUSINESS OFFICES 
50 North Main Street 

Y.M.M.I.A. Offices, 50 North Main St. 
Y.W.M.I.A. Offices, 40 North Main St. 

Salt Lake City 1, Utah 



Copyright 1952 by Mutual Funds, Inc., a Corpora- 
tion of the Young Men's Mutual Improvement 
Association of the Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints. All rights reserved. Sub- 
scription price, S2.50 a year, in advance; foreign 
subscriptions, $3.00 a year, in advance; 25c 
single copy. 

Entered at the Post Office, Salt Lake City, Utah, 
as second-class matter. Acceptance for mailing 
at special rate of postage provided for in section 
1103, Act of October 1917, authorized July 2, 
1918. 

The Improvement Era is not responsible for un- 
solicited manuscripts, but welcomes contributions. 
All manuscripts must be accompanied by sufficient 
postage for delivery and return. 

Change of Address 

Fifteen days' notice required for change of ad- 
dress. When ordering a change, please include 
address slip from a recent issue of the magazine. 
Address changes cannot be made unless the old 
address as well as the new one is included. 



National Advertising Representatives 



EDWARD S. TOWNSEND COMPANY 

Russ Building 

San Francisco, California 

HENRY G. ESCHEN, 

EDWARD S. TOWNSEND COMPANY 

1324 Wilshire Blvd. 

Los Angeles 17, California 

SADLER AND SANGSTON ASSOCIATES 

342 Madison Ave. 

New York 17, N. Y. 

DAVIS & SONS 
30 N. LaSalle St. 
Chicago, Illinois 

Member, Audit Bureau of Circulations 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



The barrel 

that can't be 

emptied 



Many a man Can remember reading by kerosene lamp. For 
however fast time speeds by, it hasn't been very long since lamps played 
an important part in lighting the homes of the West and Standard was a 
small company proud of its ability to get from 5 to 10 gallons of its principal 
product, "coal oil," from a barrel of petroleum. 





Q 



V 




(3 



T) 




IWm&im 



Count a few of the products made from oil today! 
Almost every item pictured above comes directly or indirect- 
ly from oil: (1) the enamel on stove, refrigerator and cabi- 
nets, (2) the dryer in the wall paint, (3) the plastic in the 
clock cover, curtains, apron, (4) the linoleum, (5) the drain- 
board covering at the sink, (6) the detergents used in wash- 
ing — (7) the finish on the car and (8) the synthetic rubber of 
its tires. <I Add to these asphalt for paving and roofing, in- 



secticides, cosmetics, dry cleaning solvents... and, of course, 
steadily improving gasolines and motor oils... and you begin 
to see how important oil has become. <J More than 1100 
products are now being made from petroleum by Standard, 
and others are on the way. We have spent $35,000,000 in 
research and technical service in the last 5 years alone... to 
make a barrel of oil truly "a barrel that can't be emptied" in 
terms of the good things it contributes to your daily living. 



STANDARD OIL COMPANY OF CALIFORNIA plans ahead to serve you better 



NOVEMBER 1952 



781 



PROTECT YOUR HEALTH 

GRIND YOUR OWN FLOUR 




WITH A 

PRECISION 

ELECTRIC 

FLOUR 

MILL 



"Fresh ground 
wheat flour has 
a flavor not 
found in flour 
stored for any 
length of time. 
The greater 
part of Vita- 
min "E" is lost 
a week after 
grinding. The 
bleaching gas 
commonly add- 
ed to both 
white and whole-wheat flour also destroys 
vitamins. When cattle are fed grains without 
these vitamins, they show no harmful effects 
until they drop dead suddenly." (See 
"Science," Vol. 104, No. 2701, P. 312.) 

1/3 H.P. Heavy-duty Mill $95.00 and up. 

30-day trial with money-back guarantee. 

Grinds flour 5 SIZES 

Guaranteed ONE YEAR 

GET YOR VITAMINS 

THE NATURAL WAY 

with a 

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Fast, Simple, Efficient. No peeling or 
coring. No plunger required. Attractive, 
Durable and Easy to Clean. 




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FULLY GUARANTEED 

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Postage paid if prepaid— add state tax 
if in Utah. 

Inquiries promptly answered and 
literature or full information fur- 
nished upon request. 

Health Appliance Co. 

230 West 1st North Logan, Utah 

PHONE 1420-NW 



Please send me information on: 
( ) Flour Mill ( ) Juicer 

Name 

Address 

City & State 

i 

782 



HOW TO VOTE IN NOVEMBER 1952 



HPhis title may sound presumptuous. 
Of all the people I have observed in 
American political life, none are more 
sensitive about being told "how to vote" 
than readers of this column, who have 
been taught to husband and guard the 
political treasure of the secret ballot. 
Truly, it is one of the great privileges 
of "the free exercise of conscience" with- 
out which we believe ". . . that no gov- 
ernment can exist in peace." (D. & C. 
134:2.) 

Nevertheless, this month an effort is 
made here to suggest "how" you should 
vote. 

The suggestions are simple. They are 
perfectly inoffensive. Yet if overlooked 
(as is quite possible), your ballot may 
not have the weight you want it to 
carry "for the good and safety of society." 

The suggestion is this: Examine a 
sample ballot well in advance of elec- 
tion day, and examine it 
carefully all the way to 
the bottom thereof. Note 
the offices to be filled — 
there are many besides 
that of President of the 
United States, Governor, 
or Senator! Note the 
names of the contending 
nominees for these "mid- 
dle" and "lower" offices. 
Get some idea and form some judgment 
on their qualifications before going to 
the polls. 

Obviously, this suggestion does not 
hold for those who choose to vote a 
straight ticket. The problem of the 
straight-ticket voter is simple: merely 
mark your ballot (or voting machine) 
appropriately for that purpose. Then 
everybody on the ticket for your party 
receives one vote. 

There are many straight-ticket voters 
in the United States. However, there 
are also many who "scratch," or select 
individuals of their preference for the 
various offices on the ballot. These re- 
marks are not designed to promote 
"scratching." On that point, as against 
the merits of straight-ticket voting, this 
column maintains neutrality. Every- 
one can do as he chooses. With the 
long lists of local offices to be filled 
at general elections, many choose to 
"scratch" or put their "X" in individual 
squares for individual office-seekers. 
The tendency for many of these influ- 
ential citizens is, too often, to ignore the 
names, offices, and issues below the top 
of the ballot and to vote in ignorance. 
Hence the suggestion to secure a sample 
ballot in advance of November 4, 1952. 
They are printed and circulated, by law, 
in most states and are easily available. 




by Dr. G. Homer Durham 

Head of Political Science 
Department, University of Utah 



(A postcard or a telephone call to your 
county clerk will secure you one if all 
other means, including the press, fail.) 

Mr. Eisenhower and Mr. Stevenson, 
Republican and Democratic nominees, 
respectively, for the Presidency of the 
United States, will be well-known to 
all by November 4. Likely so, too, will 
the nominees for Governor and for U.S. 
Senator. Congressional aspirants, how- 
ever, occasionally are "swept in" almost 
incognito, while state attorneys, secre- 
taries of state, auditors, and treasurers, 
not to mention county commissioners 
and state legislators, are often known 
only to the professionals 
and their immediate fam- 
ilies and friends. 

All officers and all of- 
fices are important. A 
good family "council" 
could be properly held in 
each family for the edu- 
cation and training of the 
citizens of the future with 
the sample ballot as text- 
book. 

However, two special suggestions are 
bracketed here: First, after disposing of 
the relatively well-advertised choices at 
the top of the ballot, it will be well to 
examine carefully the nominees for your 
district for the state legislature. You 
have a state representative and a state 
senator who represent you in the State 
Capitol. (Do you know who they are at 
present? Chances are that you do not! 
And that you do not know what district 
you live in!) The state legislature is 
your board of directors for your state. 
As a representative body it is slowly 
dying because you do not know who 
your representatives are. Yet it makes 
some of the most important decisions 
affecting the education of your family, 
the food you eat, the highways you 
travel, and many other things. 

Second, it is of extreme importance to 
elect effective men and women to your 
county commission. The basic reason is, 
again, the importance of the services they 
render or do not render. But even more, 
strategically speaking, the county com- 
missioners and the county clerk you 
elect in this election will control the 
election machinery in the next election! 
In other words, the basic controls over 
American political democracy as ex- 
pressed through our republican institu- 
(Concluded on page 827) 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



It is difficult to write a definition of the American way. 
But it is easy to find good examples. Here is one: 



More goods for more people 



at less cost 




. . . but how? 



Before we get serious, will you play true or false 
with us for a minute? See how smart you are 
as a comparison shopper. 

1. The 60-watt electric bulb that was 15^ in 1940 is now 
14^ plus tax. 

TRUE FALSE ? 

2. Today an 8-cubic-foot refrigerator costs $12.30 less 
than it did thirteen years ago, even including today's 
iederal excise tax. 

P 



TRUE- 



-FALSE- 



3. The 40-watt fluorescent lamp you buy today for 
$1.05 was not cheaper before the war. Then it cost 

$2.80. TRUE FALSE ? 

4. A nice little arc welding set, in case you always wanted 
to own one, you can buy for less than it cost twelve 

years ago. true — — false ^_? 

Finished guessing? The right answer in each case 

is TRUE. 

Of course some of our prices at General Electric 
are up, as well as down. A popular model electric 
range is up $75.45 in thirteen years, but we could 
list twenty things that make it a better value now. 
Our best-selling electric iron is $12.95, instead of 
the prewar $8.95. But the iron is lighter in weight 
and more efficient. On the other hand, TV sets are 



better and lower in price. 

Now if your bump of curiosity is normal size, 
you'll interrupt to ask us a question: "How come 
you folks at G.E. can deliver so much for the money, 
when the cost of most things is almost double?" 

How we do it is no particular secret. ( 1 ) We keep 
thousands of engineers busy redesigning, improv- 
ing, simplifying. (2) Where possible, we cut out 
"handmade" jobs. Items once custom-made, are 
today more likely to be standardized. (3) We 
develop new materials to improve our products. 
(4) We encourage employees to help scheme up 
efficiencies on the production line. (5) We mass 
produce. 

These are some of the forces at work to keep 
prices reasonable in spite of higher taxes, higher 
wages, and higher material costs. 

Will you do us a favor? Next time you hear any- 
one sound off that "everybody's jacking prices up" 
and "things aren't as good as they used to be," re- 
mind such pessimists that you know a company that 
aims to deliver more goods for more people at less 
cost— less real cost. 



C/om ca7i/nt/ yout conAh^nce ifo 



GENERAL 




ELECTRIC 



NOVEMBER 1952 



783 



The Church Moves On 

A Day To Day Chronology Of Church Events 



August 1952 



Q II President David O. McKay dedi- 
cated the combined Hyrum Third 
Ward chapel-Hyrum (Utah) Stake 
house. 

Elder Clifford E. Young, Assistant to 
the Council of the Twelve, addressed the 
nationwide radio audience of Columbia 
Broadcasting System's "Church of the 
Air." Title of the sermon was "I Am 
the Way, The Truth, And The Life." 

President Oscar A. Kirkham of the 
First Council of the Seventy dedicated 
the chapel of the Ottawa Branch, 
Canadian Mission. 

September 1952 

9 The annual all-Church tennis 

** tournament began at the Salt Lake 
Tennis Club. 

"Know Your Religion," a series of dis- 
cussions by members of the faculty of 
Brigham Young University began at 
the L.D.S. Business College, branch of 
Brigham Young University, in Salt Lake 
City. 

The Church Section of the Deseret 
News, published on Wednesday eve- 
nings for the past several years, would 
henceforth become a part of the Satur- 
day paper, it was announced. 

# Robert Reese of the Brentwood 
Ward, Santa Monica (California) 
Stake won the singles' title in the all- 
Church tennis tournament. This made 
two successive years for him. The dou- 
bles' title was won by Hugh Brand, 
athletic supervisor of Emigration (Salt 
Lake City) Stake, and LaMar Guiver 
of Rose Park Ward, Riverside (Salt 
Lake City) Stake. 

The appointment of Elder Newell B. 
Weight, an assistant professor of music 
at Brigham Young University, to the 
general board of the Deseret Sunday 
School Union was announced. He was 
assigned to the music committee. 

Younger Primary Association children 
are being given a new program this fall. 
Formerly together, the four- and five- 
year-old boys and girls will now be 
separated. New names for the seven- 
and eight-year-old members of the Pri- 
mary Association are the Co-pilots and 
the Top-pilots, with an appropriate pro- 
gram of development planned for each 
group. 

It was announced that seven members 

784 



Inadvertently we omitted in 
Church Moves On that on July 13, 
President Joseph Fielding Smith of 
the Council of the Twelve dedi- 
cated the Fairbanks, Alaska, chapel 
of the Northwestern States Mission. 
This is believed to be the farthest 
north chapel of the Church in North 
America. 



from the Reseda Ward, and eighteen 
members from the North Hollywood 
Ward, San Fernando (California) Stake, 
were returning to high school studies 
after completing three-months' missions 
in the stake missions. Many of these 
summertime missionaries labored from 
thirty to forty hours a week in this mis- 
sionary service. 

•7 Elder Ezra Taft Benson of the 
' Council of the Twelve dedicated 
the chapel of the Worland Ward, Big 
Horn (Wyoming) Stake. 

Elder Clifford E. Young, Assistant to 
the Council of the Twelve, dedicated 
the chapel of the McCammon Ward, 
Portneuf (Idaho) Stake. 

"Train Up a Child in the Way he 
Should Go" was the title of a discourse 
delivered by President Howard W. 
Hunter of the Pasadena (California) 
Stake on the "Faith in Action" radio 
series of the National Broadcasting 
Company. 

The Topance- Kelly Ward and the 
Hatch Ward were combined with the 
Chesterfield Ward, Bancroft (Idaho) 
Stake. Elder Ross D. Redford was sus- 
tained as bishop of the new Chesterfield 
Ward. 



8 



President David O. McKay marked 
his seventy-ninth birthday by a 
busy day at his office, by performing a 
marriage in the Salt Lake Temple, and 
by a 'family dinner party. 



In Appointment of Elder Gordon M. 
Romney of El Paso, Texas, as presi- 
dent of a new mission soon to be formed 
in Central America was announced by 
the First Presidency. The mission, to 
be known as the Central American Mis- 
sion, is'to be formed by a division of 
the Mexican Mission and will include 
the republics of Guatemala, Honduras, 
Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Pan- 
ama, and the Canal Zone. A repre- 
sentative of the General Authorities 
will be assigned to accompany Presi- 



dent Romney to Central America, at 
which time definite boundaries and the 
location of the mission headquarters 
will be established. Elder Romney was 
born and reared in the Church colonies 
of Mexico. In October 1922 he was 
called to fill a mission to Germany. He 
labored for a time in Geneva, Switzer- 
land, becoming branch president there, 
and later served as secretary of the 
French Mission, which was re-activated 
during this period by President David 
O. McKay, then president of the Euro- 
pean Mission. 

Elder Alma Sonne, Assistant to the 
Council of the Twelve, dedicated the 
chapel of the Danforth (Maine) Branch, 
New England Mission. 



1 



\ President Stephen L Richards 
* dedicated the chapel of the Mill- 
ville Ward, Hyrum (Utah) Stake. 

Elder Clifford E. Young, Assistant to 
the Council of the Twelve, dedicated 
the chapel of the Sunnyside Ward, 
Richland (Washington) Stake. 

Elder Clifford E. Young, Assistant 
to the Council of the Twelve, dedicated 
the chapel of the Hermiston (Oregon) 
Branch, Richland Stake. 

Elder George Q. Morris, Assistant to 
the Council of the Twelve, dedicated 
the chapel of the Pacific Grove Branch, 
Northern California Mission. 

Elder EIRay L. Christiansen, Assistant 
to the Council of the Twelve, delivered 
the sermon on the National Broadcast- 
ing Company's "Faith in Action" radio 
series. His subject was "What Should 
I Bequeath?" These four Sunday morn- 
ing broadcasts are tape-recorded and 
released over the network's facilities 
from New York City. Music for the 
programs is by the three-hundred voice 
Southern California Chorus, directed by 
Elder H. Frederick Davis. Accompanists 
are Elder Karlton Driggs, organist, and 
Virginia Suddell, pianist. 

Elder Raymond P. Larsen sustained 
as president of the Morgan (Utah) 
Stake, succeeding the late President 
Clarence D. Rich. Sustained as coun- 
selors were Elders Fernando C. Jensen 
and Donald P. Brough. Elders Larsen 
and Jensen were first and second coun- 
selors in the retiring presidency. 

San Bernardino Third Ward, San 
Bernardino (California) Stake, organ- 
ized from portions of the San Bernardino 
First and Second and Colton wards. 
Elder Shirley H. Bogh was sustained as 
bishop of the new ward. 

{Concluded on page 838) 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



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THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




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Youthful Skier 



H, 



NOVEMBER 1952 



j slips into the night with pole and rudder, 
To ride upon the shoulders of the wind. 
His heart soars, too; he feels the familiar shudder, 
Embraced by winging birds and air-borne men. 

Through singing trees, he sees a patch of sky, 
Barren as desert, silver as the sea. 
With gray hawk wings, he lifts his body high, 
Becomes a part of age-old infinity. 

What gypsy song once gave his spirit wings, 
To leave a gold-print of enduring might? 
And who can tell if it's earth or sky he brings, 
Clutched in his hand, back from mountain height? 

by Clara Laster 



787 




A SON'S PRAYER, ON THANKSGIVING 
By Richard F. Armknecht 

~"\ear Lord, a thousand things I thank 
t~ thee for, 

A thousand blessings,, richly . undeserved; 
And yet I seek from thee one blessing more 
For her whose faith in me has never 

swerved. 
This blessing vouchsafe me, Eternal One: 
That she, this day, may thank thee for her 

son! 



I'M THANKFUL 
By Rowena Cheney 



T'm thankful for so many things 

■ In this old world of ours: 
For butterflies, and birds and trees, 
For rainbows and for flowers. 

I'm grateful, too, for loyal friends 
And happy hours we've known, 
For memories that still remain 
After the hours have flown. 

I'm humbly thankful for the tasks 
That I may do each day 
To make this little house of ours 
A home, in every way. 

I'm thankful for so many things, 
But let me whisper, dear, 
I'm thankful first of all for you — 
Grown dearer year by year. 



• ♦ ■ 



w 



THANKSGIVING 
By Elaine V. Emans 

hether my list of blessings were for 
you 

Or me, when I was young, I cannot tell, 
But annually I tried to make a new 
Thanksgiving registry! If for me — well, 
No longer will I press my gratitude 
Into cramping words, which is too free a 

thing, 
Whether for sustenance or spirit-food. 
Enough for it to make my being sing. 

And, if for you, how slow of wit I was 
To think, a moment, you would ever read 
My childish writings, as a parent does. 
I know now, for your learning, all I need 
To do is to be deeply glad, and you must 

hear 
The singing in me instantly, and dear. 



DRIFTWOOD FIRE 
By Gay Winquist 

\\T hat can match the heady tang 
" * of salt-wood burning 
With purple flame, green flame, 

gray smoke turning — 
Turning in spirals, shifting with wind, 
Waving like silver veils 

to dream-stuff thinned? 
Deck timber, copper-clad, 

creosoted piling, 
Teakwood, mahogany- — 

the itching foot beguiling, 
Stir now the melting pot 

on a sandy beach; 
A driftwood fire and the world 

within a dreamer's reach. 

788 



THE PIPES ARE PLAYING 

By Wendell B. Hammond 

"Crom the hills, 

■*■ Down from the heathered hills, 
Softly the music rolls until there abounds 
In cherished air, the ever cherished sounds 
By freemen loved to the hour of this day, 
The tunes, the stirring tunes the bagpipes 
play. 

The tunes are many and played of old, 
But only our hearts can their meaning 
hold: 

No man shall make us slaves; 

No man shall make us slaves. 

Fear you, tyrants, in your frightened hour, 
The havoc bomb of the sun's great power; 
But fear you forever and fear you. for aye 
The tunes, the simple tunes the pipers play. 

Heed how pipers have oft changed the 

battle's tide, 
At India's fetid shore, in Hispania's valleys 

wide; 
With Montgomery, swept they across Libya's 

sand; 
Into fallen Berlin first marched a pipers' 

band. 

And if by tyrants pressed, another war does 

come, 
Then when all is settled and all is done, 
At high, high noon on the very last day 
To the waiting heavens shall the pipers play: 

No man has made us slaves; 

No man has made us slaves. 

Softly the pipes are playing, 
Always the pipes are playing, 
Jin our hearts they're playing 
The tunes that keep men free. 



TO MY SON 
(Leaving for Korea) 

By Mahel Law Atkinson 

/~\ pilot now your ship of days or years, 
^- , Unerringly to reach a destined goal. 
The Master Helmsman will allay your fears 
And still the tempests that would scar your 

soul. 
You leave the haven of a citadel 
Which greed would now destroy; so let a 

song 
Rise from your heart that you may break 

the spell 
This demon casts to move a Judas-throng. 
Wearing Right's armor, give cowed , hearts 

release; 
Brave terror's horsemen on the death-strewn 

plain 
To find, at last, the Holy Grail of Peace, 
Make earth a sanctuary— love's domain. 
Your shield is youth's clean strength which 

you have won — 
God's arm is long to reach to you, my son. 



• ♦ « 



JEWELS 
By Marian Schroder Crothers 

Q pring is a glowing emerald, 
*-^ Set in summer's gold, 
Matching autumn's ruby, 
That winter's silver holds. 



TO MIA MAIDS 

By Angelyn W. Wadley 

meet my class, and once again, I see 
*■ These girls have all come bearing gifts 

to me. 
Gifts of such lasting value, they will bless 
My life from this time forth with thank- 
fulness. 

They bring the gift of youth. So long ago 
I was their age. But now through them I 

know 
The searching, the expectancy, the pain, 
The doubt, the joy, the song of youth, again. 
They bring the gift of challenge. I must be 
Brimful of understanding sympathy 
And, oh, I need to work and think and pray 
That I may guide them in a worthy way. 
They bring the gift of faith. They trust 

that I 
Am wise enough when I attempt to answer 

why; 
Am sure enough when I point goals to 

reach, 
Sincere enough to live the creed I teach. 
They bring the gift of love. And how I 

treasure 
Their sweet affection, given in bounteous 

measure 
Seldom framed in words, it lights their 

eyes 
By momentary mischief, undisguised. 

I leave my class, and say a silent prayer 
Of thanks, that for that hour I was there, 
And I marvel that of all who could have 

done 
This joyous task, I am the privileged one. 



FULFILMENT IN NOVEMBER 
By Florence Pedigo Jansson 

"NT ovember spreads her ample skirts of 
^ gray, 

A kind maternal month whose tasks are 
done, 

She sets her harvests forth in rich array, 

The bounty borne of seed and soil and sun. 

The summer's warmth that wrought Novem- 
ber's store 

Is in retreat, undone by chilling frost; 

It willed to her the harvest wealth she bore 

And nothing in the legacy is lost. 

The mark of April rain imprints the sheaf, 
The ripening touch of August lingers still 
In garnered stores; although their day was 

brief, 
Their echoes rise as barns begin to fill. 
The warmer months endowed the striving 

root; 
November brings their plenteous gift to 

fruit. 



THEY LOOK FOR PEACE 

By R. Elizabeth Okeson 

' hey look for Peace, who will not look 
In places tried and true: 
In woodland paths of loveliness, 
And fields of morning dew; 
In meadows sweet with clover bloom, 
And cool dim coves along the shore, 
Thou hast created much of Peace 
Dear Lord, that they ignore. 

They look for Peace, who will not look 

About them as they go; 

The vaulted sky, the bubbling brook, 

The calmness of the snow, 

The quiet of the lake at dawn, 

The sunset's rosy glow 

They look for Peace but will not look 

In places Thou would show. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




by President 

David O. McKay 



Some Principles of a Happy Home 






And again, inasmuch as parents have chil- 
dren in Zion, or in any of her stakes 
which are organized, that teach them not 
to understand the doctrine of repentance, faith 
in Christ the Son of the living God, and of 
baptism and the gift of the Holy Ghost by the 
laying on of the hands, when eight years old, 
the sin be upon the heads of the parents. 

"For this shall be a law unto the inhabi- 
tants of Zion. . . . 

"And they shall also teach their children to 
pray, and to walk uprightly before the Lord." 
(D/ & C. 68:25-26, 28.) 

We are living in a most momentous age. 
We see on every hand manifestations of com- 
motion. Political institutions are crumbling. 
Old forms and methods are fast giving way to 
new ones. Political organizations are being 
revolutionized, some for better and some for 
worse. Old fundamental principles of govern- 
ment are tottering. Some have been replaced 
by theories that are not tenable, others not 
practicable, and some that are infamous. In 
the midst of this world commotion, the home, 
the fundamental institution of society, is also 
threatened. Some, imbued with false philoso- 
phies, have attempted to strike at the sacredness 
and the perpetuity of family life. And wherever 
we find the evidence of these undermining 
false philosophies, the responsibility of saving 
this sacred institution, the home, devolves 
largely upon us — for we know that the family 
ties are eternal. 

There is nothing temporary in the home of 
the Latter-day Saints. There is no element of 
transitoriness in the family relationship. To 
the Latter-day Saint the home is truly the 
basic unit of society; and parenthood is next 
to Godhood. The secret of good citizenship 
lies in the home. The secret of instilling faith 
in God, faith in his Son, the Redeemer of the 
world, faith in the organizations of the Church, 
lies in the home. There it is centered. God 
has placed upon parents the responsibility of 
instilling these principles into the minds of chil- 



'•Q 



dren. Our schools, our Church organizations, 
and some worthy social institutions are all 
helps in the upbuilding and guidance of the 
youth, but none of these — great and important 
as they are in the lives'of our youth — can sup- 
plant the permanence and the influence of the 
parents in the home. 

There are a few fundamental principles 
which we should ever keep in mind: first, the 
eternity of the marriage relation. Oh, may 
our youth throughout the land realize that 
they have within their grasp the possibilities 
of that form of marriage which will contribute 
more to their happiness in this world and to 
their eternal union and happiness in the world 
to come than can be obtained anywhere else 
in the world. Let our young men and women 
look forward with pride, with eagerness, to the 
time when, in worthiness, they may go to the 
House of God and have their loved ones sealed 
by the bonds of the eternal priesthood for time 
and all eternity. 

Second, let us hold to that first word in the 
second part of the fundamental law of hu- 
manity, the Ten Commandments. Those first 
few commandments refer to our relationship to 
God; the last few to our relationship to hu- 
manity. The second part begins with the 
word honor — "Honour thy father and thy 
mother." (Exodus 20:12.) Let us cherish in our 
homes as we cherish the lives of our children 
themselves, that word honor with all the 
synonyms — respect, reverence, veneration; hon- 
oring mother, honoring father, seeking to have 
our children honor us as we honor and revere 
God, our Eternal Father. Let the element of 
honor, devotion, reverence permeate the home 
life. 

Third, let us never lose sight of the principle 
of obedience. Obedience is heaven's first law, 

{Concluded on following page) 



NOVEMBER 1952 




vsaw^iiW! 



789 



THE EDITOR'S PAGE 



(Concluded from preceding page) 
and it is the law of the home. There can be no 
true happiness in the home without obedience — 
obedience obtained, not through physical force, 
but through the element of love. There is no 
"home" without love. You may have a palace 
and yet not have a home, and you may live in 
a log house with a dirt roof, and a dirt floor, and 
have there the most glorious home in all the 
world, if within those four log walls there perme- 
ates the divine principle of love, love that draws 
from husband to wife and from children to par- 
ents that blessed obedience and compliance that 
makes life worth while. 

I believe firmly that parents fail to get obedi- 
ence from their children during the first five years 
of childhood. I believe that during that most im- 
portant period of child life the parents sow the 
seeds of obedience or disobedience. Some of us 
fill that period of child life with too many don'ts, 
failing to make the child realize that a request 
from father, a request from mother should be 
complied with. Mother says: "Don't touch that," 
to the little child. The little child toddles along 
and touches it. What is the result? The seeds 
of disobedience are sown. You don't have to pun- 
ish the little child. Lovingly, kindly, but firmly, 
teach the child that there are rules in the house 
which should be obeyed. Mothers, fathers, 



treasure sacredly and sense keenly your responsi- 
bility to the child during those first five plastic 
years of its life. 

With these home elements I desire to mention 
another, and that is mutual service, every one 
working for the others. If some pernicious theories 
were permitted to prevail and take out from the 
home the relationship of parents to children and 
children to parents, and children to each other, 
they would deprive humanity of one of the greatest 
means of teaching the true spirit of Christ — 
sacrifice for one another, salvation through serv- 
ice. Oh, that home is most beautiful in which 
each strives to serve the other in unselfish service. 

Honor, obedience, mutual service, eternity of 
the marriage relation — these spell home, and they 
comprehend the spirit in which the principles 
of life and salvation should be taught to children. 

God help us as parents to send from our homes 
boys and girls who do not hesitate to bear testi- 
mony of their membership in the Church; boys 
and girls who are eager to go out and wit- 
ness to the world that the marriage relationship 
is an eternal one, that the home is a permanent 
and eternal institution against which no theory 
that strikes at the purity and honor of woman- 
hood, that deprives children of fatherhood, or the 
love of mother, can stand. 



Why Should Family Prayers Be Held ? 



by John A. Widtsoe 



OF THE COUNCIL OF THE TWELVE 
(Reprinted from THE IMPROVEMENT ERA, June 1943) 



Man's needs are many. He has little, if any, 
power of himself to supply them. There- 
fore, he turns to God for the necessary help. 
This he can properly do, for the Lord, who has 
placed man on earth with limited powers, has 
declared himself ready to assist his children. He 
has given them the privilege to address Divinity, 
with the assurance of being heard. Indeed, he 
has requested them to approach him in prayer 
for guidance in solving life's problems. 

Prayer is really the beginning of wisdom. By 
prayer, communion between man and God is es- 
tablished and maintained. It brings man and his 
Maker into close association. Earnest, sincere 
prayer places man in tune with heaven and with 
the Beings who dwell therein. The knowledge 
and power thus gained from the unseen world are 
very real. Brigham Young said: 

"If we draw near to him, he will draw near to 
us; if we seek him early, we shall find him; if we 
apply our minds faithfully and diligently day by 
day, to know and understand the mind and will 
of God, it is as easy as, yes, I will say easier than 
it is to know the minds of each other, for to know 
and understand- ourselves and our own being is 



to know and understand God and his being." 
(Discourses of Brigham Young, 1941 Edition, p. 
42.) 

Prayer may be offered concerning all righteous 
activities. The Lord is concerned with every 
phase of human welfare, material or spiritual. In 
the words of the Prophet Joseph Smith: 

"We would say to the brethren, seek to know 
God in your closets, call upon him in the fields. 
Follow the directions of the Book of Mormon, 
and pray over, and for, your families, your cattle, 
your flocks, your herds, your corn, and all things 
that you possess; ask the blessing of God upon 
all your labors, and everything that you engage 
in." (Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, p. 
247.) 

Such prayers may be offered at any time, on 
bended knees in the closet or family circle, or 
when walking, driving, or working, in public or 
in private. One should do all that he does in 
the spirit of prayer. 

"I do not know any other way for the Latter- 
day Saints than for every breath to be virtually a 
prayer for God to guide and direct his people, and 
that he will never suffer us to possess anything 



Evidences and Reconciliations 



790 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



that will be an injury to us. I am satisfied that 
this should be the feeling of every Latter-day 
Saint in the world. If you are. making a bargain, 
if you are talking in the house, visiting in the so- 
cial party, going forth in the dance, every breath 
should virtually be a prayer that God will pre- 
serve us from sin and from the effects of sin." 
(Discourses of Brigham Young, 1941 Edition, pp. 
43-44.) 

The sacred importance of prayer demands, how- 
ever, that certain periods for prayer be set aside 
regularly, daily, when all distracting elements are 
absent. When the set time comes, prayers should 
be offered. They are more important than the 
trivial duties that often take us away from the altar 
of prayer. 

Prayer should be direct and simple as if spoken 
to our earthly father. Routine forms of prayer 
should be avoided. The words spoken are less 
important than the humble faith in which they 
are uttered. "Prayer is the soul's sincere desire, 
uttered or unexpressed." It is the spirit of prayer 
that gives life to our desires. The direct simplicity 
of the Lord's prayer should be kept in mind. 

While we should feel free to open our hearts 
to the Lord, yet the things sought in prayer should 
be necessary to our welfare, as explained by Presi- 
dent Joseph F. Smith: 

"My brethren and sisters, let us remember and 
call upon God and implore his blessings and his 
favor upon us. Let us do it, nevertheless, in wis- 
dom and in righteousness, and when we pray we 
should call upon him in a consistent and reason- 
able way. We should not ask the Lord for that 
which is unnecessary or which would not be bene- 
ficial to us. We should ask for that which we 
need, and we should ask in faith, 'nothing waver- 
ing, for he that wavereth,' as the apostle said, 
'is like the wave of the sea, driven by the wind 
and tossed. For let not that man think that he 
shall receive anything of the Lord.' But when 
we ask of God for blessings let us ask in the faith 
of the gospel, in that faith that he has promised 
to give to those who believe in him and obey his 
commandments." (Gospel Doctrine, 1939 Edition, 
page 218.) 

Every prayer is heard, and every sincere prayer 
is answered. They who pray should be content 
to await the answer at the time and in the man- 
ner comporting with God's wisdom. He knows 
what is for our good and bestows his blessings ac- 
cordingly. The testimony of untold millions 
that their prayers have been heard is a convincing 
testimony that God hears and answers prayer. 

A prayer is not complete unless gratitude for 
blessings received is expressed. It is by the power 
of the Lord that we "live and move and have our 
being." This should be frankly stated as we pray 
to our Father in heaven. 

Private prayer has been enjoined upon us, but 
we are also commanded to pray as families and 
in public meetings. A united prayer, one in which 
many join, comes with greater strength and power 
before the Lord. "In union there is strength." 

The family is the ultimate unit of the organized 
NOVEMBER 1952 



Church. It represents the patriarchal order, which 
is the order of heaven. All members of this unit 
should be conscious of the family needs and should 
regularly and unitedly petition the Lord for his 
blessings. Unless this is done, family ties are 
weakened, and the blessings of the Lord may be 
withheld. A happier understanding prevails among 
families who pray together. Therefore, every 
effort should be made to engage the family regular- 
ly in prayer. 

Family prayers also become a training school 
for the younger members of the family. They 
acquire the habit of prayer, which usually re- 
mains with them throughout life. They are 
taught how to pray as they listen to their elders. 
They are given practice in vocal prayer, before 
others, as they are asked to take their turn in 
prayer. Children who have been brought up un- 
der the influence of family prayer, remain 
stauncher in their faith, live more conscientious 
lives, and look back gratefully upon the family 
prayers of their childhood. Parents who do not 
have family prayers make sad mistakes. 

It is not wise for one member of the family to 
be voice in prayer constantly. It is better for all 
members of the family to take their turns in pray- 
ing. The short prayer of the lisping child is 
transmuted by heavenly forces into a petition of 
power, dealing with all the needs of the family. 
It is selfish for any one member of the family to 
deprive others of the privilege of participating in 
family prayer. 

Regularity is necessary to make family prayers 
effective. There should be at least one daily fam- 
ily prayer; two are better. When labor and other 
conditions permit, there should be a morning and 
an evening prayer. In many families, terms of 
employment are such that all the family cannot 
gather at a morning hour. In practically every 
home, however, all members of the family are 
present at the evening meal. That may then be 
the best time for prayer. All kneel around the 
table or elsewhere and supplicate the Lord for 
help and guidance before the meal begins. 

President Brigham Young wrote to his family 
an impressive communication relative to the daily 
family prayer in his household: 

"I have felt moved upon to write the following, 
for the perusal of my family, and to which I call 
their serious attention. 

"There is no doubt but that my family, one and 
all, will acknowledge that my time is as precious 
to me as theirs is to them. When the time ap- 
pointed for our family devotion and prayer comes, 
I am expected to be there; and no public business, 
no matter how important, has been able to influ- 
ence me to forego the fulfilment of this sacred duty 
which I owe to you, to myself and to God. 

"I do not wish to complain of you without a 
cause; but I have noticed at prayer time that only 
a portion of my family has been present; some of 
my wives are absent visiting a sister, a neighbor, 
a mother or a relative; my children are scattered 
all over town, attending to this or that; and if at 

(Concluded on page 827) 



791 




Elder Albert E. Bowen 



— Kay Hart Photo 



Albert E. Bowen 

A LESSON FROM ONE MANS LIFE 

by Richard L. Evans 

OF THE FIRST COUNCIL OF THE SEVENTY 



We present this story of him not 
so much for his sake— although 
his record richly deserves it; 
but we present it, as he would have 
us do, for the counsel and comfort 
and encouragement of a generation 
of young people who are wrestling 
with difficult days. 

To understand Albert E. Bowen 
and some of his distinguishing quali- 
ties of character, it may be well to 
go back a century or so to see some 
of his antecedents. It may be well 
to begin by going back some ninety- 
six years to see David Bowen, a 
convert from Wales, walking with a 
handcart company across the plains, 
a thousand miles, for his faith, leav- 
ing all behind and not looking back. 
792 



Then we could come down four 
years to the year 1860 to see a lovely, 
warm-hearted girl, recently of Lon- 
don, England, Annie Shackleton by 
name — a girl of twenty years who 
loved the finer things of life — walking 
across the plains with an ox-team 
company. 

It was she of whom Brother Bowen 
has recorded: "Her written and 
spoken English was chaste and 
proper. Her treasures of rrfemory 
were the branches that ran over 
the wall, and blossomed in the deserts 
of the west. They were the intel- 
lectual oases in an otherwise barren 
wilderness to which the ohildren 
turned for inspiration and by which 
they were fired with ambition to 



achieve. All this, and much more 
could be said of her, notwithstanding 
that she was the youngest of nine 
children, five surviving, and worked, 
along with her widowed mother, 
from the time that she was ten, and 
had no formal schooling. Her brief, 
self- told story, privately printed after 
her death in Logan, Utah, at the age 
of eighty-eight, is well worth read- 
ing." [This story appears on page 
808 of this issue.] 

If we shall look into the hearts and 
lives and faith and courage and con- 
viction of these two, David and Annie 
Shackleton Bowen, who found one 
another on the new frontier, and 
who married and reared ten children 
in a log cabin on a frontier farm, we 
shall find emerging a composite 
portrait and shall begin to see some- 
thing of the materials that have gone 
into the making of an uncommon 
man — Albert Ernest Bowen, who ar- 
rived on the family scene on the last 
day of October 1875, at an obscure 
and unpromising outpost, Henderson 
Creek, near Samaria, Idaho, as the 
seventh child of the family. 

Faith and work and frugality were 
the family fare on the farm on which 
he was reared. He learned about 
the real values of real things and 
of the toil it takes to bring them into 
being. He learned about wrestling 
with nature for the family food. 
Spending-money was almost un- 
known, but wheat from the family 
bin served many purposes — as food, 
and as a medium of trade for such 
essentials as were available. 

As a boy Albert Bowen helped his 
father freight grain and produce to 
Ogden, Collinston, Corrine, when he 
was barely old enough to drive a 
team. Also as a boy of about ten 
years he homesteaded one hard win- 
ter in Star Valley with his eldest 
brother, John, a winter in which 
they lived mostly on venison. Hard 
work, serious purpose, honor, and an 
earnest awareness of life's obliga- 
tions and opportunities were all part 
of his early discipline and teaching 
and training. 

During the years of his youth, an 
insistent yearning for knowledge had 
somehow filtered through, from his 
mother's influence and others', and 
as he neared the age of twenty, at 
his own request and following a fam- 
ily council; his father drove him to 
Logan to attend Brigham Young Col- 
lege, where he was soon followed by 
his older brother Charles. As he en- 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




Aletha Reeder Bowen (deceased), 
first wife of Albert E. Bowen and the 
mother of his twin sons. 



encouragement in many ways to the 
youth today who are discouraged by 
the delays of life. 

He had met Aletha E. Reeder of 
Hyde Park, Utah, whom he married 
immediately following graduation. 
This might have seemed the time for 
settling down, but he accepted the 
call that came to serve the Church 
as a missionary in Switzerland and 
Germany. For this he left his young 
wife, who herself was full of faith, 
and who, with small earnings, helped 
to keep him on his mission. The 
record shows, and his companions 
testify, that he did his work with the 
thoroughness and devotion and ear- 
nestness of purpose with which he has 
done everything in life. 

The more than two years that he 
remained in the mission field would 
bring him near to the age of twenty- 
nine (mentioned again for the en- 
couragement of those who are im- 
patient with the seeming interruptions 
and delays of life). Upon his return 
home he was sought after and ac- 
cepted a position on the faculty of 
Brigham Young College at Logan. 
Here he served as a successful teacher 
who touched the hearts and helped 
to bring a wholesome hunger to the 
minds of the young people who came 
within the sphere of his influence. 

But soon there came a sudden and 
severe sorrow and loss in his life. 
In 1905, in giving birth to twin sons, 



Albert R. and Robert R., their young 
and lovely mother died. With this 
sorrow and this added responsibility, 
the career he was carving out for 
himself was much more difficult but 
not deserted. With the kind of fixed 
purpose and determined courage for 
which he has been known for some 
three-quarters of a century, Albert 
E. Bowen entered the Chicago School 
of Law in 1908. His intended desti- 
nation when he left for the East was 
Harvard, where he planned to pur- 
sue the study of history and to follow 
the teaching profession. However, 
during a stopover in Chicago he met 
Dean Hall of the Law School of the 
University of Chicago, who was im- 
pressed with the young man from 
Utah and persuaded him to stop and 
study law at Chicago. 

Brother Bowen finished at Chi- 
cago in 1911 with the degree of 
Doctor of Jurisprudence and with 
added honors as one of the three 
members of his class to be elected to 
the Order of the Coif, a distinguished 
legal fraternity for those who excel 
in the study of law. 

Let it be noted here that he was 
then nearing thirty-six. Let it also 
be noted (for the sake of young peo- 
ple who feel that they have lost hope- 
lessly much of their lives if they don't 
have their preparation and training 
behind them in their teens or twen- 
ties) that a late start may be a great 



tered this era of his life, he has often 
described himself as the greenest of 
the , species of "country cousins." 
Since he had received no previous 
high-school opportunity it was neces- 
sary for him to complete his high- 
school work along with college 
courses. But it was not long before 
his real worth, his capacity for con- 
centration, his willingness to work 
brought results. His appreciation of 
privileges that had come to him with 
an insatiable love for learning led 
him successfully through a college 
career that culminated in his receiv- 
ing an A.B. degree from Brigham 
Young College in 1902, with distinc- 
tion and high honors. Meanwhile, 
he had become a part-time member 
of the Brigham Young College fac- 
ulty with the opportunity to teach 
as well as to learn. 

Some would say that this was al- 
ready a late start, since he was near- 
ing twenty-seven years of age, unmar- 
ried, and uncommitted to any career. 
But, what follows could offer much 
NOVEMBER 1952 




The Bowen Family about 1930. Left to right: Albert R. Bowen; 
Albert E.; Lucy Gates Bowen (deceased), and Robert R. Bowen. The two 
sons are twins. 



793 




David Bowen, father of Al- 
bert E. Bowen. 



Annie Shackleton Bowen, 
mother of Elder Bowen. 



Albert E. Bowen at the time 
he was a practicing attorney. 



beginning — if the elements of earnest- 
ness and industry are included. 

As an accredited lawyer back in 
Logan, Brother Bowen became a 
member of the firm of Nebeker, 
Thatcher, and Bowen and served the 
community and won its confidence. 
He became particularly sought after 
in matters pertaining to irrigation 
law. He has left his imprint on much 
of the irrigation law of Utah and in 
Idaho. He was connected with much 
litigation for irrigation companies in- 
volving the use of the Bear River for 
power and other purposes. He was 
elected Cache County attorney for 
two terms and in 1916 received the 
Republican nomination as a candidate 
for the Supreme Court of the State 
of Utah. 

Eleven years after the death of his 
first wife, Brother Bowen met and 
married Emma Lucy Gates, a grea<t 
artist in her own right. She kept 
for him a home of unusual interest 
and activity where distinguished com- 
pany came and went, where there 
was culture and a love of learning 
and a buoyant appreciation of the 
finer things of life as well as an abid- 
ing faith in its ultimate objectives. 
He found pride in and appreciation 
for her notable career, as she found 
pride in appreciation for his quiet 
and capable distinction. Together 
they reared and taught his two sons 
who filled missions where their 
father had filled his mission and who 
have followed in his footsteps in the 
legal profession. 

Friends induced the Bowen family 
to come to Salt Lake City where he 
became a law partner of two other 
794 



uncommon men of legal mind, Presi- 
dent J. Reuben Clark, Jr., and Preston 
D. Richards, in the firm of Clark, 
Richards, and Bowen. 

Brother Bowen set up the articles 
of incorporation for many substantial 
and enduring businesses. He was a 
trusted and valued adviser of the 
Eccles interests, and was attorney for 
the Utah Construction Company. He 
had much to do with the Six Compan- 
ies' contract in the building of the 
Hoover Dam. He served insurance 
companies and building and loan in- 
terests, and organized the American 
Savings and Loan Association of 
which he was once president. 

He has been a trusted professional 
counselor to whom people have 
opened their hearts with their most 
intimate personal problems, knowing 
that his judgment would be con- 
sidered and that their confidences 
would be kept. One of his great 
qualities and characteristics has been 
the keeping of confidences. Friends or 
clients could place in his hands the 
most delicate and difficult things af- 
fecting their lives and their fortunes 
without fear of any betrayal of trust 
or without fear that even an inad- 
vertent utterance would expose their 
problems or position. 

Normal working hours had no 
meaning for him. He expected and 
took little surcease from labor. He 
pored over the problems of his clients 
at the office and at home far into the 
hours of the night, and made a prac- 
tice of being always early at the 
office. 

In court and out he has been ten- 
acious for truth and deliberate in 



judgment and stubborn in his in- 
sistent search for facts. No man 
ever rushed A. E. Bowen into a hasty 
decision or into speaking a loose 
sentence or a rash word. His op- 
ponents may have been exasperated 
by his deliberateness at times, but 
they always respected his appraisal 
of actual evidence and his ethics and 
honor and honesty, for when he has 
said that something was so, it has been 
because he has long considered it 
and believed it to be so. These and 
other qualities won for him an en- 
viable eminence as a trial lawyer as 
well as a valued counselor in corpo- 
rate and personal problems. 

In 1928 he was made president of 
the Utah Bar Association, with a 
term the previous year as vice presi- 
dent of that organization. He has 
enjoyed and still enjoys the deep- 
rooted respect of his associates in the 
practice and profession of law. He 
also served in the law school as a 
part-time teacher at the University 
of Utah and is fondly and favorably 
remembered by his students there as 
elsewhere. 

He currently serves as a director 
and member of the executive commit- 
tee of the Utah- Idaho Sugar Co., 
the Radio Service Corporation of 
Utah, and the First National Bank of 
Salt Lake City. He has been a di- 
rector, president, and chairman of the 
board of the Deseret News, and is a 
director of the Utah Fuel Company, 
and a trustee of Brigham Young Uni- 
versity. 

In all his professional and civic 

service and in all his personal and 

family activities and obligations, he 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




has never lost sight of the faith of 
his fathers, which is his faith and 
which has provided the moving power 
and unswerving objective of his life. 
Always he has had the courage and 
the wisdom to keep his life well- 
balanced and to reserve some of his 
time and means to the service of his 
Father in heaven. Always he has 
been actively identified with the pur- 
poses and organizations and activi- 
ties of the Church. His own child- 
hood was filled with its faith and 
influence. His missionary service came 
at a difficult and inconvenient time — 
but with him there was no turning 
back. 

He served as superintendent of the 
Cache Stake Sunday School for four 
years before coming to Salt Lake 
City. He served in the cause of the 
the Religion Classes and served some 
twelve years as a member of the 



The mother, brothers and sisters of Albert E. Bowen as they appeared about 
1927; front row, left to right: Walter F. Bowen, David J. Bowen, Lewis J. 
Bowen; second row, Emma Bowen Young, Annie Shackleton Bowen, mother of 
the family, and Agnes Bowen Waldron; third row, C. F. Bowen, Albert E. Bowen, 
Mary Bowen Hawkins, and Edith Bowen. 




general board of the Deseret Sun- 
day School Union from which im- 
portant position he was released to 
become general superintendent of the 
Young Men's Mutual Improvement 
Association in 1935, succeeding Presi- 
dent George Albert Smith. Those 
who sat on that board under his 
leadership, testify of his dignity, abil- 
ity, faithfulnes, forth- Tightness, and 
considerate concern for all the prob- 
lems and all the people — and of the 
sincere affection in which he is held 
by his associates. 

His next move in Church service 
was his call to become a member of 
the Council of the Twelve Apostles 
in April 1937, to which position 
President Grant called him at his 
office one conference morning with 
virtually no notice. Notwithstanding 



NOVEMBER 1952 



it meant the closing of a beloved legal 
career, again for him there was no 
turning back. Few who heard it 
will forget the simple eloquent ut- 
terance with which he responded to 
that call on that conference morning 
over fifteen years ago — an utterance 
of less than five minutes, which gave 
evidence of an impressive outpouring 
of restrained power, of devotion and 
sacrifice and faith and conviction 
uttered with an unforgettable impact 
in a few choicely chosen words. 

He has since served the Church 
in innumerable ways: in the Welfare 
Program, (for which he wrote a course 
of study) in the field of education; in 
business, in legal matters, and his 
wise counsel has been felt on a wide 
front. A series of radio talks he gave 
(Continued on page 845) 
795 



As a party of doctors, traveling 
through Africa to study tropical 
■ diseases, set up camp for the 
night, they were startled by the sud- 
den charge of a maddened bull ele- 
phant. A hunter, attached to the 
party, snatched up a rifle and placed 
himself in the path of the charging 
beast. As he raised the gun to his 
shoulder he realized that it was the 
wrong one. The rifle in his hands 
was ordinarily considered too light 
for elephant hunting. It was too 
late to change it and if he dropped 
it and attempted to save himself, the 
damage that the elephant would do 
to the camp might mean the loss of 
the entire expedition. Slowly he 
raised the gun, waited a tiny bit 
longer than usual and then pumped 
four shots into the elephant as coolly 
as if he had been firing at a station- 



Bull's-Ey 




— Photo by Lambert 

ary target. The elephant, seeming 
to shake the earth as he lunged 
ahead, hesitated, staggered, and 
dropped dead at the hunter's feet. 

When the other members of the 
expedition rushed up they expressed 
amazement at the hunter's accom- 
plishment with the light rifle. The 
hunter passed it off saying, "The rifle 
was perfect for the job, provided I 
did my part by making every shot a 
bulls-eye." 

This story may be pure fiction, but 
those that follow are all based on 
actual facts. They represent some of 



by Earl Stowell 

the gleanings from over twenty-five 
years of walking by the side of young 
people. If you are still young, you 
will enjoy these tales of courage 
wherein young men and young 
women had the courage and the skill 
to score a perfect bulls- eye. How 
can you tell if you are still young? 
If a new idea is something to be 
examined for its true possibilities and 
with a dash of eagerness, even 
though the answer may contain an 
element of danger, you are still young. 

Jim was an ordinary sort of fellow, 
if you can call any fellow ordinary 
in this day and age. By ordinary, I 
mean that he had an average job, 
a wife, and a little girl. He lived 
in a modest home : in the moderately- 
priced part of town. Sunday morn- 
ing he mowed the lawn, washed the 
car, and then took the family for an 
outing. 

Bill Edwards and his new bride 
moved in next door, and before long 
he and Jim were getting acquainted. 
Jim invited Bill and his wife to go 
with them the following Sunday on 
a drive to the lake. Bill replied that 
he'd like to if Jim could wait until 
after Sunday School to go. (Sorry 
that I cannot report that Bill sug- 
gested going on a day other than 
Sunday, but that is the trouble with 
telling stories about real people. Even 
the heroes, in real life, have faults.) 
Jim came back with one of the stock 
statements that has had missionaries 
scratching their heads for a long 
time. 

"When I was a kid, my dad made 
me go to Sunday School so regularly 
that I learned to hate it. I swore 
that when I grew up I'd never go 
again." 




Just as calmly as the hunter had 
prepared to meet the charging ele- 
phant, Bill let a big grin spread over 
his face as he fired shot number one: 

"I can remember when my mother 
used to send me from the table to 
wash my neck. That sure used to 
gripe me." 

"Yeah, me too," came Jim's an- 
swer as though he had found another 
thing that he had in common with 
Bill. 

Bill waited a couple of seconds and 
put in shot number two, still keeping 
the grin on his face and being very 
careful not to let the faraway look 
leave his face." 

"I used to swear that when I grew 
up I'd wash once a month and that 
would be all." 

"Just the way I used to feel," was 
Jim's rejoinder. 

Bill braced his feet and let shot 
number three fly: 

"Wonder why I never kept that 
resolution. It sure was strong at the 
time." 

"Good night, you'd get germs and 
all that stuff if you didn't wash. 
You're old enough now to realize 
that you have to keep clean." 

Bill drew the bead on the bulls-eye, 
and number four was a direct hit. 

"You know, that may be like going 
to Sunday School. My dad made me 
go, too, but now I know it's good for 
me, my wife, and for the family we 
want some day. Maybe that's why 
I go. Couldn't afford to stay away 
any more than I could afford to give 
up a lot of other things that I know 
are good for me." 

Suddenly Jim realized that his old 

excuse wouldn't hold water any more. 

{Continued on page 838) 



Through the Eyes of YOUTH- 



796 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




NOVEMBER 1952 



797 



". . . Go ye into all the World . . ." 



by Albert L. Zobell, Jr. 

RESEARCH EDITOR 





And he said unto them, 


Go ye into all the world, 


and preach 


the 


gospel to every creature. 










He that believeth and is 


baptized 


shall be saved; 


but he that 


believeth not shall be damnec 


I. (Mark 


16:15, 16.) 





This is essentially a missionary 
Church. Its history is rich with 
the willing sacrifices of its members 
in the furtherance of missionary en- 
deavor. The first missionary of the 
restoration was, of necessity, the four- 
teen-year-old Prophet Joseph Smith 
following his great first vision. His 
audience were his immediate family 
and his close neighbors. 

At the time the Church was or- 
ganized, the state of New York re- 
quired six members legally to begin 
a religious organization. These six 
men have been named as Oliver 
Cowdery, Joseph Smith, Jun. (the 
Prophet), Hyrum Smith, Peter Whit- 
mer, Jun., Samuel H. Smith, and 
David Whitmer. Some of these had 
been baptized previously, but all were 
baptized on the day of the organiza- 
tion of the Church, April 6, 1830. 1 

Samuel H. Smith, the Prophet's 
brother, has been popularly called 
the first missionary of the Church. 
(His name is among sixteen on a 
list in the Historian's Office as hav- 
ing answered the call for missionary 
service in 1830.) His mother has 
told this oft-repeated story: 

On the thirtieth of June [1830] Samuel 
started on the mission to which he had been 
set apart by Joseph, and in traveling twenty- 
five miles, which was his first day's journey, 
he stopped at a number of places in order 
to sell his books, but was turned out-of-doors 
as soon as he declared his principles. When 
evening came on, he was faint and almost 
discouraged, but coming to an inn, which 
was surrounded with every appearance of 
plenty, he called to see if the landlord would 
buy one of the books. On going in, Samuel 
enquired of him, if he did not wish to pur- 
chase a history of the origin of the Indians. 

"I do not know," replied the host; "how 
did you get hold of it?" 

"It was translated," rejoined Samuel, "by 
my brother, from some gold plates that he 
found buried in the earth." 



"You liar!" cried the landlord, "get out of 
my house — you shan't stay one minute with 
your books.'" 2 

Sick at heart, the twenty-two-year- 
old missionary slept that night on the 
damp ground, under a friendly apple 
tree. But determined, he continued 
his journey, and it was he, on this 
mission, who first contacted the Rev- 
erend John P. Greene, who was first to 
discuss this new Church with a broth- 
er-in-law of his — Brigham Young. 

One of the first missionary efforts 
in the Church was directed to the 
Lamanites — Indians — on the western 
borders of the United States. This 
came as a result of a revelation re- 
ceived in October 1830. 8 The mission- 
aries labored among the Catteraugus 
tribe, near Buffalo, New York, the 



Wyandot tribe, near Sandusky, Ohio, 
and the members of the Delaware na- 
tion, near Independence, Missouri. 4 It 
was while on this mission, that the 
Prophet Joseph Smith designated the 
center place of Zion at Independence. 
Missionaries can still take heart in 
the testimony of Brigham Young con- 
cerning his conversion and baptism, 
in 1832. He said: 

If all the talent, tact, wisdom and re- 
finement of the world had been sent to me 
with the Book of Mormon, and had de- 
clared in the most exalted of earthly elo- 
quence, the truth of it, undertaking to prove 
it by learning and worldly wisdom, they 
would have been to me like the smoke which 
arises only to vanish away. But I saw a 
man without eloquence or talents for public 
speaking who could only say, "I know by the 
power of the Holy Ghost that the Book of 
Mormon is true, that Joseph Smith is a 
Prophet of the Lord," the Holy Ghost pro- 
ceeding from that individual illuminated my 
understanding, and light, glory and immor- 
tality were before me. I was encircled by 
them, filled with them, and I knew for my- 
self that the testimony was true. 6 

Canada, the neighbor to the north, 
was the first country beyond the 
boundaries of the United States to re- 



2 History of Joseph Smith by his Mother, Lucy Mack 
Smith, 169. 
3D. & G. 32. 



"•Autobiography of Parley 
D.H.G. I:83ff. 
journal of Discourses 1:90. 



P. Pratt, 54ff, cited in 




^Documentary History of the Church, 1:76. On this 
page is an interesting footnote concerning the possibil- 
ity of there being more than six members of the 
Church before it was legally organized. 

798 



One of the most thrilling experiences of a young missionary is his first baptism. 
This picture shows a baptism being performed in one of the South Sea islands. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



ceive the missionaries, the elders being 
sent there in 1832. It was here, in 
1836, that John Taylor, an English 
preacher, joined the Church: John 
Taylor, the "Champion of Right," 
they called him, who was to be left 
for dead at Carthage on that fearful 
day of martyrdom of the Prophet and 
the Patriarch, but who was yet to 
raise his voice again in proclaiming 
the gospel to the nations of the earth, 
and who became the third President 
of the Church. 

Tn 1837 the work was expanded when 

the Prophet sent Elder Heber C. 
Kimball of the Council of the Twelve 
and Elders Willard Richards and 
Joseph Fielding to Great Britain. The 
work was established, and Elder Kim- 
ball returned to the United States in 
1838. In 1839 the members of the 
Council of the Twelve answered the 
call to go on missions to Great 
Britain. They began their missions, 
leaving their homes and loved ones 
in pitiable condition. Brigham Young 
had started from his home in Mont- 
rose, Iowa, sick, and managed to get 
as far as Nauvoo, where he went to 
bed in the home of the also ailing 
Heber C. Kimball. Upon hearing 
this, Mrs. Young, not too well herself, 
came across the river to nurse her 
husband. A day for the departure 
was set, and Brother Kimball, suf- 
fering with ague, was bodily helped 
into the wagon. 

"Hold up," he said to the teamster, 
"Brother Brigham, this is pretty 
tough, but let us give them a cheer." 
Elder Young, with much difficulty, 
rose to his feet, and joined Elder 
Kimball in swinging his hat and 
shouting, "Hurrah, hurrah, hurrah 
for Israel!" Sisters Young and Kim- 
ball, hearing the cheer came to the 
door — Sister Kimball with great diffi- 
culty as she was ill, too, waved a 
farewell; and the two Apostles con- 
tinued their journey without purse or 
scrip, to England. 6 

Elder John Taylor was so sick en 
route to New York that he was left 
to die. He did not die but arrived 
in New York sometime after the 
others. 

When Elder Taylor arrived in New 
York, Elder Woodruff had been there 
some time, and was impatient to 
embark for England, but as yet the 
former had no means with which 
to pay for his ocean passage. Al- 
though supplied with all the means 

6 B. H. Roberts, Comprehensive History of the Church, 
11:24. 

NOVEMBER 1952 




— Courtesy Deseret News-Telegram 

Elder Francis A. Child newly appointed 
director of the Mission Home. 



necessary on his journey thus far, 
after paying his cab -fare to the house 
of Brother Parley P. Pratt he had 
but one cent left. Still he was the 
last man on earth to plead poverty, 
and in answer to inquiries of some 
of the brethren as to his financial 
circumstances, he replied that he had 
plenty of money. 

This was reported to Brother Pratt, 
who the next day approached Elder 
Taylor on the subject: 

Elder Pratt: "Brother Taylor, I hear you 
have plenty of money." 

Elder Taylor: "Yes, Brother Pratt, that's 
true." 

Elder Pratt: "Well, I am about to publish 
my Voice of Warning and Millennial Poems, 
I am very much in need of money, and if 
you could furnish me two or three hundred 
dollars, I should be very much obliged." 

Elder Taylor: "Well, Brother Parley, you 
are welcome to anything I have, if it will be 
of service to you." 

Elder Pratt: "I never saw the time when 
means would be more acceptable." 

Elder Taylor: "Then you are welcome to 
all I have." 

And putting his hand into his pocket, 
Elder Taylor gave him his copper cent. A 
laugh followed. 

"But I thought you gave it out that you 
had plenty of money," said Parley. 

"Yes, and so I have," Elder Taylor re- 
plied. "I am well clothed; you furnish me 
plenty to eat and drink and good lodging: 
with all these things and a penny over, as I 
owe nothing, is not that plenty?" 

That evening at a council meeting Elder 
Pratt proposed that the brethren assist Elder 
Taylor with means to pay his passage to 
England as Brother Woodruff was prepared 
and desired to go. To this Elder Taylor 



objected and told the brethren if they had 
anything to give to let Parley have it, as he 
had a family to support and needed means 
for publishing. At the close of the meeting 
Elder Woodruff expressed his regret at the 
course taken by Elder Taylor, as he had 
been waiting for him, and at last had en- 
gaged his passage. 

Elder Taylor: "Well, Brother Woodruff, 
if you think it best for me to go, I will ac- 
company you." 

Elder Woodruff: "But where will you get 
the money?" 

Elder Taylor: "Oh, there will be no diffi- 
culty about that. Go and take a passage for 
me on your vessel, and I will furnish you 
the means. 

A Brother Theodore Turley, hearing the 
above conversation, and thinking that Elder 
Taylor had resources unknown to himself or 
Brother Woodruff said: "I wish I could go 
with you, I would do your cooking and wait 
on you." 

The passage to be secured was in the 
steerage — these missionaries were not going 
on flowery beds of ease — hence the necessity 
of such service as Brother Turley proposed 
rendering. In answer to this appeal, Elder 
Taylor told Brother Woodruff to take a 
passage for Brother Turley, also. 

At the time of making these arrangements 
Elder Taylor had no money, but the Spirit 
had whispered to him that means would be 
forthcoming, and when had that still, small 
voice failed him! Although he did not ask 
for a penny of anyone, from various per- 
sons in voluntary donations he received 
money enough to meet his engagements for 
the passage of himself and Brother Turley, 
but no more. 

Elder Taylor and his two companions 
embarked on the 19th of December 1839, 
and after a very prosperous voyage arrived 
in Liverpool, January 11th, 1840. 7 

Perhaps Brigham Young best sums 
up the work of the Twelve on this 
mission to Great Britain: 

It was with a heart full of thanksgiving 
and gratitude to God, my Heavenly Father, 
that I reflected upon his dealings with me 
and my brethren of the Twelve during the 
past year of my life, which was spent in 
England. It truly seemed a miracle to look 
upon the contrast between our landing and 
departure from Liverpool. We landed in the 
spring of 1840, as strangers in a strange 
land and penniless, but through the mercy 
of God we have gained many friends, es- 
tablished churches in almost every noted 
town and city in the kingdom of Great 
Britain, baptized between seven and eight 
thousand, printed 5,000 Books of Mormon, 
3,000 hymn books, 2,500 volumes of the 
Millennial Star, and 60,000 tracts, and emi- 
grated to Zion 1,000 souls, established a 
permanent shipping agency, which will be 
a great blessing to the Saints, and have left 
sown in the hearts of many thousands the 
seeds of eternal truth, which will bring forth 
fruit to the honor and glory of God, and 
yet we have lacked nothing to eat, drink, or 
wear, in all these things I acknowledge the 
hand of God. 8 



7 B. H. Roberts, Life of John Taylor, pp. 72-74. 
8 Brigham Young diary, April 1841, cited Millennial 
Star XXVI :7. 

(Continued on page 855) 
799 



II 




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THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




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I SAMOAN I 
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_J i NEW ZEALAND 1 



Former Missions and Other Lands 
Where Missionaries Have Labored 



LEGEND 



Present Missions 

Former Fields 
of Labor 



EGYPT 1841 CHINA 

JERSEY ISLANDS 1847 GIBRALTAR 

ITALY 1850 WEST INDIES 

CHILE 1851 TURKEY 

ICELAND 1851 HUNGARY 

IfJ DIA 1851 ASIA MINOR 

BURMA 1852 BELGIUM 

MALTA 1852 RUSSIA 

SIAM 1853 CZECHOSLOVAKIA 1929 
PALESTINE 1841, 1886, and 1924 



1853 
1853 
1853 
1884 
1885 
1887. 
1889 
1903 





NOVEMBER 1952 



801 



Andrew, his father, had often said 
Every day would be Christmas— 

If All Men Were Brothers 

by W. E. Brocklehurst 



Strange how your dominant char- 
acteristic can sometimes be an 
ideal to others and, at the same 
time, your own worst enemy. Soon- 
er or later you'll come to realize the 
danger involved. You'll strive to 
overpower it — for your own good, 
for others, perhaps. But no matter 
how intense the desire, how strenuous 
the effort, an innate sense — call it 
subconscious rebellion if you will — 
refuses to allow suppression of that 
characteristic. So it will remain 
through life — an enemy of yours, 
something wonderful to others. 

Such was the paradox called Dr. 
Henry Boone. 

Through the window of his small, 
well-arranged, downtown office, the 
doctor watched as late afternoon 
shoppers, five stories below, hurried 
against a swirling snowstorm. He 
clasped his hands behind him and 
rocked slowly back and forth on his 
heels. He wasn't the worrying kind, 
but there was Martha to consider. 
It was difficult earning a living in 
the city — far more difficult than it 
had been in the country. And the 
way things had been going these past 
few years — so few patients, the 
meager income. . . . 

No doubt about it. Something had 
to be done. 

Dr. Boone clearly remembered 
one day over three years ago. He'd 
been standing just like this, but on 
the screened sideporch of his own 
country home. It was spring, and 
the pleasant odor of black-furrowed 
earth filled the air around the white 
frame house. The problem he pon- 
dered paralleled his present one. • 



Then, Martha stepped from the 
parlor onto the porch and sat in 
the wicker rocker. He turned to 
face the expectancy wrinkling her 
forehead. He know she'd been wait- 
ing for him to come to a decision. 
But he hadn't. 

He sighed, shook his head slowly. 
"I don't know, Martha — I don't 
know. Folks hereabout depend on 
me." 

She tried to be gently persuasive, 
but her voice was tinged with in- 
sistence. 

« "I know, Henry." She moved for- 
ward slightly, her knuckles white on 
the arms of the rocker. "But what 
about tomorrow? That's what counts. 
We're not young any more." Then, 
she added, "We're not too old to 
start again, either." 

Dr. Boone shrugged passively. 
"Where shall we start?" 

"At the beginning," she said. "You 
were born and reared here — that's 
why you feel about the people as you 
do. You've doctored them— canceled 
their fees when they couldn't pay — I 
didn't mind that, Henry. When I left 
the city seventeen years ago to marry 
you, I knew what it meant. I under- 
stood. You can't measure real wealth 
by material things. But you over- 
stepped reasonable limits. First it 
was Tom Pitkins — you borrowed six 
hundred dollars from the bank to 
tide him over when his peanut crop 
went bad. He never paid it back." 

"Never had it to spare." 

"Nor will he ever," Martha proph- 
esied. " — Then, it was old Cebe 
Williams — five hundred to see his 
family through the months he lay in 



bed after the mule kicked him. And 
the money you borrowed for the stove 
and things for the sharecroppers down 
the road." 

"Those folks were in need." 
"I know — but one man can't carry 
the whole world's burden on his 
shoulders. The point is, Henry, you 
mortgaged the house to get the 
money, and now the bank wants 
what's due it." 

She shook her head a trifle futilely, 
and her eyes blinked back the moist 
gleam that came into them. 

V\r. Boone stood staring at the gray 
floor, his hands clasped behind 
him — like a small boy who has just re- 
ceived a scolding. He knew Martha 
had spoken the truth; he'd gone be- 
yond his limit. He knew he had to 
repay the bank. But how? 

Martha answered the question. 

She turned to him. "We've got to 
do something, Henry — and there's 
only one thing we can do. We'll 
move to the city. People there are — 
well, just people. You won't feel 
obliged to them as you do to those 
here. And you're a good physician. 
You'll have a practice in no time." 

Dr. Boone's composure remained 
unchanged. "And the house?" he 
asked calmly. 

"Let the bank take it over. What 
else—?" 

Of course, she couldn't know — 
outwardly, Dr. Boone seemed so un- 
ruffled — 

He walked to the screen again, 
stood looking across the black, gently- 
rolling farm lands. He didn't know 
how long, but he heard the squeak 
of the rocker, the parlor door open 
and close. He was thinking of An- 
drew, his father — and something he'd 
often said. "If all men were brothers, 
every day would be Christmas. ..." 

So it came to pass that Dr. Boone 
moved to the city. True, his office 
was small and his treatment room 
smaller. True, during the past three 
years, he'd never been able to af- 
ford a nurse. Martha never could 
stand the sight of blood. Anyway, 
her predictions had been partly re- 
solved. He had a practice, though 
small. And no one had asked his 
assistance other than the patients 



802 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



who paid his fees. But these were 
too few and far between. Too many 
established practices for a newcomer 
— especially one from the country! 

Dr. Boone turned from the office 
window and walked to the scarred 
walnut desk. He glanced at the blank 
appointment pad, knew it wasn't 
much use his being there. No patients 
had called in two days. Not even 
a telephone ring. Well, he couldn't 
go on like this. There were debts — 
obligations — almost every day of the 
week, in the city. His old home had 
long been sold by the bank. What 
he and Martha had received as the 
balance was gone. 

He walked to the coat rack, re- 
moved the coarse woolen muffler 
hanging there and wrapped it around 
his neck. He had started to slip into 
his overcoat when the footsteps 
sounded outside the office door. The 
knock was quick, seemingly nervous. 



The man who entered couldn't have 
been over forty, yet his face bore 
deep lines and a significant pinch. 
Damp splotches on his tattered suit 
evidenced where snowflakes had 
melted. He shivered, and his dark- 
ringed, bewildered eyes implored Dr. 
Boone to listen to his story. 
And Dr. Boone did. 



I 



t was one not unfamiliar to the 
doctor. The story of a man's long 
illness, of convalescence without out- 
side help, of a wife and three children 
living in poverty-stricken surround- 
ings, of a man being unable to find 
employment. The story of a wife 
and a child becoming desperately ill 
and no funds for medical services. 
More than a man could take! 

When he finished, the man was 
sobbing. 

There were relief agencies in the 
city, Dr. Boone knew. But he also 



knew that with some, pride was the 
last, desperate surrender. And some- 
how, this man had been led to his 
office. 

"Everything's going to be all 
right," he said. "I'll get my satchel, 
and we'll go see what we can do about 
the missus and little ones." 

A spark brightened the man's eyes,. 
like the sun on wet fields after a 
summer storm. 

But Dr. Boone did not see it. He 
was checking the medicines and in- 
struments in his satchel. He was 
wondering how much of a loan he 
could get if he mortgaged some of the 
furniture from their country home — 
some that Martha had stored in the 
city. And she wouldn't mind this 
time. 

You see, this was the time for him 
to make one day a Christmas, for 
indeed, he knew, all men are brothers. 



ililii 




Everything's going to be all right," he said. "I'll get my 
satchel, and we'll go see what we can do about the missus and the 
litde ones." 



NOVEMBER 1952 



803 



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I 



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(Part one of a two-part story) 



by Alice Morrey Bailey 



Azahni Yahze, Little Woman, 
awoke to inward struggle in her 
pretty white and blue room in 
the beautiful home of the Dunns, who 
were her Biligahni, white parents. 
Back home in the Navajo country it 
would be time to greet the dawn. Blue 
Horse, her father, and her brothers, 
Skipping Rock and Little Brother, 
would be astir. Sews Good, her moth- 
er, would be building the fire under 
the smoke hole in the family hogan, 
and her grandmother, the Ancient 
One, would be yet asleep in her own 
hogan nearby. 

Far were they from the fluffy 
white curtains of Azahni's bedroom, 
tke fragrance of bacon coming from 
the porcelain kitchen, and the radio, 
singing in the living room: 

"Fairest Lord Jesus, 
Ruler of all nature, 
Thou Son of God and man the Son — " 

the song they had learned in chorus 
for the Christmas season, which was 
soon upon them. Far were her peo- 
ple from Little Woman, whose Bili- 
gahni name was Linnet — Linnie 
Dunn in her schoolbooks, on the 
rolls of Fairmont Junior High and 
in the Sunday School of the ward 
where Mr. Dunn was bishop. 

Yesterday her path had been 
straight and good before her — finish- 
ing junior high, then high school 
while living with the Dunns, then 
college. Perhaps she would marry 
Billy, a boy from her own tribe, who 
was in the city learning to become a 
doctor, for he had looked on her 
with favor the night the Dunns had 
invited him to dinner, and after he 
had gone back to the city he had 
written to her. His picture, laughing, 
with white teeth and black eyes, was 
on her dresser. 

Tt had been a good trail to follow, 
and the Dunns had offered it. 
But that was yesterday, before she 
804 



came from school and found the let- 
ter from Skipping Rock. She fished 
it now from under her pillow, where 
her head had lain restless as thunder 
through the night. From it had 
poured tormenting dreams of her peo- 
ple, huddling through the winter cold, 
of her mother weeping because of her 
absence, the still way the Navajos 
weep, with her face turned to the log 
wall on her side of the hogan. 

There was no time or need to re- 
read the letter. She put her bare 
feet out of bed to the warm room, 
seeking her slippers, thrust her arms 




into her robe, and went quickly to 
brush her teeth and shower. Each 
thing she did brought pain to her 
heart because she loved it — the soft 
pelting of the warm water bringing 
cleanliness to her skin, the dressing 
table with the mirror, the chair up- 
on which she sat to comb the curls 
of her permanent and apply her lip- 
stick — because each thing sharpened 
by contrast the poverty at home. 



All the things which had given 
her pleasure other mornings, her 
skirt, gray as sand, and her sweater, 
scarlet as the prickly pear blossom, 
and the matching bobby sox, gave her 
none today. What did it matter 
that her skin was pale as Yucca 
flowers, her nose was straight, and 
that her head held the pride of the 
Navajos? At home they were in 
want, and they needed her. 

It was as any morning at the table. 
Her white father was reading the 
newspaper, and her white mother was 
presiding at the waffle iron. They 
gave preoccupied good morning 
smiles. 

"Got your lessons, Lin?" asked her 
.white brother, Johnny, who was 
wolfing his breakfast much as did 
her brothers at home. She and 
Johnny were in the same classes at 
school, although she was three years 
older than he. 

"Yes," she said, "all of them. The 
algebra gave me trouble." 

"Why'nt you call on Uncle?" 

Johnny sometimes called himself 
"uncle," though he was only four- 
teen, the age of Skipping Rock. He 
was pretty good at mathematics, and 
perhaps he did not know that an 
uncle was a man of authority even 
above that of the father in the Nava- 
jo home. 

It was because of Uncle Slim Tall, 
her mother's brother who lived in 
Mesa, that she was here with the 
Dunns at all. He was the one who 
had told her she must learn to read, 
urging her and teaching her on his 
visits, sending her books of words 
and bright pictures when he was 
away. He was the one who had con- 
vinced her mother that she should 
go to Tuba City to grade school. 

""Phis was not easy because she was 
the only girl child and her moth- 
er had parted from too many chil- 
dren, the older sons in marriage and 
many babies in death. One brother 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




;:::^:^::^::::: :: 




"She took nothing of her clothes or her gifts . 
hogan for personal belongings." 



there was no place in the family 



had died on the Death March in 
Bataan, and that had left the never- 
healing arrow wound in her mother's 
heart. The Ancient One was bitterly 
opposed because, although the school 
was Indian, with Indian teachers, it 
was too near "Washindon," which 
was of the Biligahnis, and she had 
her own reason for hating them. Blue 
Horse and Skipping Rock were op- 
posed because they loved the tradi- 
tional Navajo life. When she had 
left, Little Brother had been a baby 
still in the cradleboard, his big black 
eyes peeking through his long baby 
hair. Leaving him had been hard, 
but she had gone because of Uncle. 
Now Uncle Slim Tall was dead, and 
no one spoke his name among her 
people. 

"It will hurry you too much to do 
the vacuuming this morning, Linnie," 
said her mother. "Leave it for me." 

"No, Mother," said Linnet. "I 
can do it very well." 

C kipping Rock was not right. He 
said in his letter that the Biligah- 
nis only wanted her to enslave her, 
no matter how soft and sly their 
words. He had said many other 
bitter things; that their house had 
no door to the east, which was true. 
NOVEMBER 1952 



They were the ancient enemies of 
her people. In joining them she was 
making herself a traitor, forgetting 
Dineh, The People. This year was 
very bad. They needed her to weave. 
The Biligahnis had crowded the 
Navajos onto reservations many years 
ago and robbed them ever since, 
shrinking the lands and forcing them 
to graze fewer sheep. Even this 
last summer the Navajo herders had 
rebelled and driven their starving 
sheep onto the lands of the San Juan, 
but the Biligahnis had driven them 
back. These were the very Mormonis 
whom his sister loved. Skipping Rock 
himself had been among the herders. 
It was true enough. Father Dunn 
had read it in the paper, but he had 
been very incensed. Father Dunn 




espoused always the cause of her 
people. He went among them as 
friend, taking food and clothing. 
When they came on the Sevier to 
top beets, he saw that they had good 
housing and good wages. He had 
urged all the men in his community 
to take the Indian boys and girls into 
their homes and let them go to school 
as he had done, and many did. 

Still it must seem to Skipping Rock 
that she was a traitor, though it had 
not seemed so to her. It was only 
that she had the thirst for knowledge. 
Tuba City was only a drop of water 
to quench a great fire. She had come 
on the Sevier with her people to top 
beets the year of the hunger, sum- 
mer before last. When the work 
was done and the Indians were leav- 
ing for the winter, she had said all 
the prayers she knew to stay on. The 
invitation of the Dunns was the an- 
swer to those prayers; her parents' 
consent, the magic. 

Many things she had learned about 
the home, and as she learned, she 
loved. It had not seemed to be 
traitorous to know of dishes and beds 
and chairs, of curtains and stoves, of 
vacuum cleaners and radios, for the 
Navajos always sought the trails up- 
ward, the paths of beauty. One of 
Linnet's own paintings hung over the 
(Continued on page 841) 
805 



My Palomar 



by J. P. Tippetts 



Man is a creature of moods and 
fancies. His emotions, prompted 
by his imagination, often take 
him afield from the day-to-day grind 
of making a living. In each life there 
are events and experiences which 
bring home with startling impact his 
relations to the world, other men, 
things, and institutions about him. 
Such is the thesis of this story. 

Since history began, men have al- 
ways looked to the skies for inspira- 
tion. The great dome of the heaven 
with its constant array of stars and 
planets continues to stir his imagina- 



tion and wonder. It continues to 
challenge the scientists and laymen 
alike. Ancient and modern litera- 
ture of all races abound with refer- 
ence to the heavens and its influence 
upon the life and habits of people. 

Few men escape the stirring in- 
fluence of a glance at the stars. Most 
men are fascinated by the stories they 
tell. This is especially true of our 
present age whose scientists have de- 
vised powerful instruments that 
make it possible for man to probe the 
depths of the skies and enable him to 
measure and predict with uncanny 



accuracy the size, weight, and move- 
ments of stars far beyond the hori- 
zons of the human eye. Here is one 
place where the phrase "out of this 
world" applies with effective truth- 
fulness. 

Many tourists enjoy the experi- 
ences of visiting the larger telescopes 
of our country and make a habit of 
calling on them for a tourist's 
peek at the planets, the sun, or the 
more distant nebulae. It renews 
their faith in the beauty and won- 
ders of their own great universe, and 
they feel the inspiration and the lift 
it gives their prosaic quest for a liv- 



ing. 




— Courtesy Deseret News-Telegram 



Palomar Observatory 



806 



It is this impulse that has led me 
on successive occasions to the greatest 
of all scopes, located on Mt. Palomar 
in southern California. It is known 
as the Palomar reflecting telescope, 
the largest and most powerful in the 
world, taking its name from the 
mountain on which it stands. 

At the first visit the immense size 
of the circular base and glittering 
dome, sitting as it does on a rather 
sharp ridge overlooking with its dom- 
inating size and beautiful symmetry 
the surrounding mountains, is suffi- 
cient to arouse a sense of wonder and 
amazement equal to or exceeding any 
of the man-made wonders of our 
time. When one gazes at it with 
knowledge of its purpose and mean- 
ing, it is truly amazing. It is also 
disturbing in its magnitude. 

One feels the real significance of 
the structure and its power as he en- 
ters the building and takes his place 
with the guide on the visitors' gallery. 
As one gazes through a crystal clear 
glass partition, the guide points out 
the two hundred -inch reflecting lens 
with its assembly, the largest in the 
world, together with the great steel 
castings, the automatic motors, and 
mechanisms that control the heavy 
and intricate machinery. The whole 
great dome moves in unison with the 
movement of the lenses, and so pre- 
cise and true are its adjustments that 
the great lenses can photograph any 
part of the heavens as the operators 
may decide. It would take a library 
of books and prints together with the 
best of engineering ability to pic- 
ture the details of the structures with 
their related functions. 

The whole structure is as finely 
drawn and as closely regulated as a 
fine pocket watch. It couldn't be 
otherwise to keep time, which it must 

(Concluded on page 871) 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




-Horydczak photo 



The Supreme Court Building in Washington, D. C. 

The Supreme Court Decision 

in the Steel Case 

by Jesse R. Smith 



Every American interested in the 
preservation of our form of gov- 
ernment should be informed as to 
the meaning of the Supreme Court's 
decision of June 2, 1952. The issues 
involved and the forces at play went 
far beyond the question of whether 
a well-meaning Chief Executive can 
seize a particular industry in the ab- 
sence of statutory authority. Prior to 
the decision most lawyers believed 
that the President's action in seizing 
the steel industry was unconstitu- 
tional. But there was widespread 
doubt that a "reconstituted" Su- 
preme Court, to borrow an old phrase 
of Justice Felix Frankfurter, would 
rebuff the Chief Executive with whom 
several of the justices enjoy a close, 
personal friendship. All nine justices 
have been appointed by the party in 
power, and at the time of their re- 
spective appointments there was a 
general feeling that most of the selec- 
tions were made on the basis of the 
political philosophy of the ap- 
pointees. 

Six of the justices held that the 
President exceeded his powers. They 
completely upheld the earlier ruling 
of Federal Judge David Pine, him- 
NOVEMBER 1952 



self a New Deal appointee. This 
article is not written to criticize the 
President of the United States, who 
was concerned with maintaining an 
uninterrupted production of steel to 
support our troops in Korea, but to 
emphasize the fact that the federal 
judiciary remains an independent 
branch of the government, the 
guardian of our liberty, largely be- 
cause of the wisdom of the founding 
fathers in providing that the tenure of 
a federal judge shall be for "good 
behavior." This very provision as- 
sures the independent thinking of 
honorable men who don the robes 
of our federal judiciary, once they 
have oriented themselves into the life 
of a judge. The wisdom of the found- 
ing fathers in drawing such a marvel- 
ous charter of liberty, which, indeed, 
was written under the inspiration of 
Almighty God, comes to us with re- 
newed force by the Supreme Court's 
ruling in the steel case. 

'T'he decision in the steel case is not 
a broadside that will cripple the 
President's power to protect the wel- 
fare of the country in times of emer- 
gency; it was addressed to the specific 



facts of the case and went no farther. 
Moreover, the court rendered the de- 
cision in a spirit of deference and re- 
spect for the high office of the Presi- 
dent. 

Said Justice Frankfurter: 

The Judiciary may, as this case proves, 
have to intervene in determining where 
authority lies as between the democratic 
forces in our scheme of government. But in 
doing so we should be wary and humble. 

It was in this spirit the court pro- 
ceeded to delineate the powers of the 
President, and the Congress, as well 
as its own responsibilities under the 
Constitution. Some of the passages 
that follow are as rays of living light 
that penetrate the darkness and dispel 
the confusion that exists in the minds 
of many Americans today, who chafe 
at the slow and cumbersome processes 
of government. 

Justice Hugo L. Black, as the senior 
of the six concurring justices, wrote 
the majority opinion. He found that 
the President's seizure of the steel 
industry was not predicated upon any 
legislative enactment, but rather, the 
President's advocate, Mr. Perlman, 
had contended "that presidential 
power should be implied from the 
aggregate of his powers under the 
Constitution." Particular reliance was 
made by the solicitor general on pro- 
visions in Article II, which lodged the 
executive power in the President, and 
also designated that he shall be Com- 
mander in Chief of the Army and 
Navy of the United States. But, 
held the court: 

Even though "theater of war" be an ex- 
panding concept, we cannot with faithfulness 
to our constitutional system hold that the 
Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces 
has the ultimate power as such to take pos- 
session of private property in order to keep 
labor disputes from stopping production. 
This is a job for the Nation's lawmakers, 
not for its military authorities. 

Justice Black disposed of the con- 
tention that the "executive power" 
was an authority for seizure in the 
following passage: 

Nor can the seizure order be sustained 
because of several constitutional provisions 
that grant executive power to the Presi- 
dent. In the framework of our Constitution, 
the President's power to see that the laws 
are faithfully executed refutes the idea that 
he is to be a lawmaker. 

The following observation by Jus- 
tice Frankfurter should remind us 
again that our system of government 
requires the intelligent interest of 
its citizenry: 

(Continued on page 846) 
807 



A TRIE SAINT 

The Autobiography of 

Annie Shackleton Bowen 




This is the inspiring story of a true Latter-day Saint, an early pioneer and 

THE NOBLE MOTHER OF APOSTLE ALBERT E. BOWEN. MRS. BOWEN DIED IN 1929 AT THE 
AGE OF EIGHTY-EIGHT YEARS. 



I was born in the city of London 
on the twenty- sixth of September 
1840 and was the ninth and last 
child of my parents, John and Susan- 
na Isacke Shackleton. My father died 
in my early childhood and my mother 
was left to rear five children by her 
own labor, the other four having died 
in infancy. Under these circum- 
stances it was necessary that the chil- 
dren assist in the support of the fam- 
ily as soon as possible so that school 
was not to be thought of. However, 
my mother taught me to read when 
I was very small. I can dimly re- 
member standing by her side while 
she was at work and spelling out 
words to her. I have no recollection 
of learning my letters, I think I al- 
ways knew them. Though I had no 
day school, I had my Sunday School 
which was the delight of my life, 
and to this day I hold my teacher in 
loving remembrance. 

My mother, who was a member 
of the Baptist Church, required me 
to read a chapter in the Bible to her 
every morning before I went to play, 
so that with her and my Sunday 
School I was pretty well acquainted 
with the scriptures at a very early 
age. Mother was also very strict in 
her observance of the Sabbath. Many 
a time I have seen her work all day 
on Saturday until midnight and on 
Sunday come home from the evening 
service at eight, go straight to bed, 
and get up and go to work again as 
soon as the clock struck twelve. 

At the age of ten I went to work 
at a large stationer's establishment 
where I worked at a machine that 
had every variety of paper then 
needed, including music. About a 
year after, my Uncle Sutton, my 
mother's youngest brother, was con- 
808 



verted to Mormonism and at once 
began to take his evenings (some- 
times when working, men left their 
work an hour or two earlier than on 
other days) for visiting and preaching 
to people. It is perhaps worthy of 
note that he and my Aunt Ann 
Fames who were the first to accept 
the gospel were the only two in a 
large family who had never before 
joined any religious sect, all the 
others having allied themselves to 
some one of the various Christian 
denominations. About this time my 
sister Ellen was taken very ill with 
inflammatory rheumatism and for 
weeks her life was despaired of. One 
night when we were all around her 
bed waiting for her to draw her last 
breath, my uncle came in, and my 
mother turned to him and asked him 
to pray. He knelt by the bedside 
and offered such a prayer as I had 
never heard before. When he rose 
to his feet, he said, "You will get 
better, Ellen, and you will embrace 
the gospel and go to Zion." She did 
get better and finally, in the spring 
of 1851, my mother, sisters, and my- 
self were baptized. As I grew older, 
I joined in such Church activities as 
distributing tracts, singing in choirs, 
and going with elders to help them 




sing when they went preaching in 
the parks and fields. 

When I was fourteen, I quit the 
stationer's business and went to work 
in a millinery establishment where I 
continued working until I emigrated 
in 1860. In that year a family named 
Pascoe who belonged to the same 
branch as I did and who was about 
to emigrate, offered me a chance to 
go with them and help with the chil- 
dren; I accepted the offer. As Brother 
Pascoe could not settle up his busi- 
ness in time to sail with the Mormon 
emigration, we could not follow until 
three weeks later when we took pas- 
sage on the Vanderbilt which landed 
us at Castle Garden ten days after 
leaving England and two weeks be- 
fore the sailing vessel which had 
preceded us. We remained in New 
York a few days and then went by 
steamboat to Albany and from there 
by train to Omaha. 

Six miles by team brought us to 
Florence (Winter Quarters) where 
we remained until the company was 
ready to cross the plains. William 
Budge was our captain. On our way 
across the plains we were followed 
for several days by two hundred In- 
dians in all their finery and war paint, 
who were going to make war with 
another tribe. We had to be very 
circumspect in our dealings with 
them. They were always trying to 
trade ponies for some of the girls. 
Finally everybody had to contribute 
and make up a big present for them 
of flour, bacon, sugar, and everything 
else they fancied, and then they rode 
off and left us. We were three 
months on the plains and suffered 
the usual discomforts of wading 
streams, tramping over sandhills, get- 
ting torn to pieces by prickly pears 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



and tormented by mosquitoes. The 
latter were so bad at one time that 
no one in camp could sleep for three 
nights. 

We arrived in Salt Lake City early 
in October. The Pascoes bought a 
house in the Seventeenth Ward. The 
people residing in it, whose name was 
Ballen, could not move out for two 
or three weeks so during that time 
we had to divide the house between 
us. I was rather, badly run down, 
never having been used to the kind 
of life I had had for the past three 
months. I had walked almost the 
entire distance. I don't think I rode 
twenty miles of the whole journey. 
Mrs. Ballen was very kind to me. 
She saw I was not comfortable and 
asked me to go and live with her, 
so when she moved into her own 
house, I went with her, and she was 
as good as a mother to me. But I was 
not long content there and began to 
look around for fresh quarters. 

Through a young married friend 
of Mr. Ballen's, whose husband, Wil- 
liam Webb, worked for Hugh Moon, 
I became acquainted with the Moon 
family, and as one of his wives was 
taken ill about that time and needed 
some one to wait on her, I went there 
to work. It was here that I met my 
husband, David Bowen, whom I mar- 
ried on the sixteenth of February 
1861. My husband, who had been 
sent out from Wales by his parents 
with the hope that he would be able 
to help them to follow him, now be- 
gan to think seriously of making some 
move in that direction. Up to this 
time he had been able to do nothing, 
as nothing but cash would attain 
that object and cash was very, very 
scarce. He owned a five acre lot in 
what was called the "big field," and 
when we were married, he bought 
half a city lot with a small adobe 
house on it, but this was received in 
trade. 

About this time Camp Douglas 
was established. Money began to 
circulate a little more freely, and 
he found that he could haul wood 
to Camp Douglas and get paid mostly 
in cash. From that time every dol- 
lar he got was put by to help his peo- 
ple, and the only chance I had to get 
anything in the house was on the rare 
occasion when he had to take part of 
his pay in store pay, which I almost 
came to look upon as a special provi- 
dence. To make it harder, the cash 
received from Camp Douglas was not 
hard cash but greenbacks, which 
NOVEMBER 1952 



were never worth their face value 
but soared up and down according to 
the fluctuations of the war. They 
were sometimes worth only sixty cents 
on the dollar. I think on the whole 
it is a fair estimate that my husband 
had to pay a third more in Utah than 
he received credit for in England. 

We finally managed to send them 
the means to immigrate in 1863. My 
sister Ellen also came out the same 
year but not in the same company. 
I was so destitute that I had to bor- 
row a dress of my neighbor to go to 
the campground and meet her. How- 
ever, she replenished my wardrobe, 
for she brought me several things 
that had belonged to my eldest sister 
who had died after I left home. The 
day after she came, my husband came 
with his family whom he had been 
to meet. Of course we still had to 
help them for a while, and times 
were very hard. The war was still 
on, and flour was twenty dollars per 
hundred, indeed, it once went up to 
twenty-five dollars. Butter and sugar 
were one dollar per pound and other 
things in proportion. However, the 
Bowen boys all got to work as soon 
as possible. The family remained in 
Salt Lake City for two years when 
my father-in-law, who was an ex- 
cellent musician, was invited by the 
Tooele residents to go there and 
superintend their musical affairs. He 
accepted, and Tooele became their 
home town, where some of them still 
reside. 

In 1 864 my mother and my brother 
George came to Utah. My mother 
sold all she had in London and started 
well provided with clothing, bedding, 
and household goods. The immigra- 
tion was unusually crowded that year, 
and the immigrants were not allowed 
to bring their trunks or boxes but had 
to put all their things in large sacks. 
She never got her things off the ship. 
They were all stolen. It broke her 
heart, and together with the hard- 
ships endured on the plains (for it 
was an unfortunate year and the 
mortality among the Saints was very 
large) it killed her. She had drained 
the cup of sorrow and suffering to its 
very dregs; her last breath was drawn 
in suffering. I think when I buried 
her I exhausted all my capacity for 
grief, for I have never felt anything 
like it since. 

• We lived in Salt Lake City for 
eight years during which time four 
children came to us. My fourth 
child was born in March 1868, and 



when she was six weeks old, my 
husband was taken with typhoid 
fever. For many weeks his life hung 
on a thread. I only undressed and 
went to bed two nights in five weeks. 
I must here express my appreciation 
of the kind offices of the sisters of 
the Relief Society. These societies 
were just being organized after hav- 
ing been discontinued during the 
move south. I don't know what 
would have become of me without 
them and my dear old Bishop Henry 
Moon who never would give up his 
faith. We pulled through somehow, 
but my fourth baby never knew a well 
day after her father recovered until 
we moved to Idaho a year later. 

To add to our troubles at this time, 
the grasshoppers, which had been 
paying us flying visits ever since I 
had been in Utah, came down on us 
in full force and devoured every 
green thing. For months when I 
would get a meal, I would scarcely 
know where the next was coming 
from. The first work my husband 
got was on the railroad, then ap- 
proaching completion. In 1869 we 
determined to leave the city and try 
life on a farm. Accordingly in the 
fall of that year we moved from Salt 
Lake City to Idaho and settled at a 
place called Henderson Creek. We 
lived there about seven years, during 
which time our family was increased 
by the arrival of three sons. We still 
had occasionally to fight crickets. An- 
other trouble was that there were no 
schools within reach. I had a family 
growing up, so the only thing to do 
was what my mother had done be- 
fore me, teach the children myself. 
In the winter evenings we had a little 
school in the house. Their father 
set them copies, and I taught them 
to read and spell, and so laid a little 
foundation for the time when they 
could do better. 

I made all the clothes for the en- 
tire family and made them by hand. 
My ninth child was a year old be- 
fore I owned a sewing machine, and 
my oldest son was seventeen when 
he had his first tailor-made suit. I 
also knitted all the stockings. 

In 1876 we again sold our home 
and moved to Samaria (Idaho) which 
was my home for twenty- four years. 
At the time we moved there, there 
were no ward organizations. We were 
only a branch of the Malad Ward, 
but there was a school, and my chil- 
dren were able to attend. My seventh 
(Continued on page 852) 
809 



Genealogy 




Peet Castle, Isle of Man. The Cannon farm was a short distance north of here. 

The Cannons' Came from the Isle of Man 

by Elizabeth C. McCrimmon 



When we told a group of English- 
men in the lounge of a hotel in 
Llandudno that our mother 
came from Wales and our father's 
family from the Isle of Man, they 
exclaimed: "What a combination!" 

We did not explain to them that 
they had left Great Britain as children 
and had not met and married until 
they had sailed across an ocean and 
traversed a continent. Their path was 
led by the light of the gospel and the 
trek accompanied by grim tragedy. 

Later we were to hear that the 
Welsh are secretive; the Manx, blunt. 

The next morning, in a soft rain, 
we left the Great Orme and entrained 
for Liverpool. It was in this smoky 
city that our father, the late Angus M. 
Cannon, was born. Here his father, 
George, worked as a cabinetmaker. 
The latter's brother-in-law, John 
Taylor, from Canada, (subsequently 
the third president of the Church), 
brought him the latter-day message. 
Shortly afterward, the whole family 
was baptized. 

Into this port the youngsters' grand- 
father, Captain Cannon, had brought 
his ship laden with spoils of Africa 
and the West Indies. 

The hulks of many gray ships 
loomed in the harbor when we em- 
barked on a steamer for the Isle of 

810 



Man. Myriads of sea gulls swooped 
around. Presently we were on the 
choppy Irish Sea. Passengers stayed 
in the comfortable lounge with their 
newspapers, as the deck was awash 
part of the time. 

After several hours we entered the 
handsome harbor of Douglas, with 
its pleasure yachts and fine buildings. 
The Fort Anne Hotel, where we were 
to stay, loomed impressively before 
us. The expected guide met us with 
a car and delivered us and our lug- 
gage there. 

The hotel was richly furnished in 
the English style. We heard that the 
handsome hardwood paneling in sev- 
eral rooms had been salvaged from 
ships of the Spanish Armada, washed 
ashore. Perhaps other things, too, 
were obtained from them. There was 
a wealth of oil paintings, mirrors, 
rare cabinets, and thick carpets. May- 
be these treasures were obtained 
abroad as the little island had less 
duty on imports than the rest of 
Britain. 

(~)ur itinerary called for "twin beds 
and bath," but our room had an 
immense four-poster and a bathtub in 
the room. The bathtub occupied a 
corner with a drill curtain drawn 
discreetly around it. The quaint win- 



dow, set in two-foot-thick walls, 
looked out on the glittering water 
toward the "tower of refuge" on an 
islet in the bay. This was erected by 
a philanthropist to give shelter to 
ship-wrecked mariners. 

In the sumptuous dining room we 
were served the best food we had 
tasted in England, still on scant ra- 
tioning. Beefsteaks were thick and 
juicy and everything in proportion. 

"Do you wish to attend the cinema 
down the street?" asked the head 
waitress, a beautiful girl. 

When we answered, "No," she as- 
sured us she had learned all about 
America from it, a remark that proved 
to be unflattering. 

The next morning, with a chauf- 
feur, we drove around the beautiful 
Isle of Man and fell in love with this 
home of our ancestors. In our opin- 
ion, it was the loveliest place in 
Britain. The green island, set like an 
emerald in the ring of the Irish Sea, 
is thirty- three miles long, a dozen 
miles wide. It is thirty miles from 
Ireland on one side and thirty miles 
from England on the other. A point 
in Scotland is only sixteen miles away. 

Snaefel, its highest mountain, looms 

2034 feet. It is claimed that from the 

mountain on a clear day, the visitor 

can see all over Man, the peaks of 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



the lake district of England, the Mull 
of Galloway in Scotland, the Mourne 
Mountains in Ireland, and the Snow- 
den group in Wales! 

In idyllic autumn weather we 
drove through the "vale of heaven," 
immortalized by a painting that hangs 
in the National Gallery. Fuchsias and 
columbines blossomed in the glens. 
Black Angus cattle and sheep grazed 
in the lush meadows. 

At stormy Spanish Head we could 
understand how the Spanish gal- 
leons were dashed to pieces on the 
cliffs. The survivors married the 
Manx girls, just as the Vikings had 
before them. These wanderers of the 
seas did not bring their women. It 
is even claimed that the tailless Manx 
cats are descendants of cats of Spain 
and native rabbits. 

Out from this southern shore is an 
islet called the "Calf of Man," a bird 
sanctuary. We passed King Williams 
College and went on to Castletown 
where we lunched delightfully in a 
glass enclosure and watched the waves 
dash upon the rocks. Thence to Port 
St. Mary where we bought some 
woolen goods woven from Manx wool. 

Over rustic bridges that span fern- 
filled ravines, we traveled on to the 
town of Peel where lived our grand- 
mother Quayle. Back of it stand the 
ruins of Peel Castle, stark against the 
sunset. This thrifty town lives off the 
herring industry. One of the Cannon 
men was admiral of the fishing fleet. 

North of Peel, in the vicinity of 
Kirk Michael, was the Cannon farm 
of nearly one hundred acres. Many 
of the inhabitants had acquired title 
to their land and handed it down to 
their heirs. 

/"^n the return to Douglas, we passed 
the Tynwald Hill. It is a circular 
mound built up of the soil from all 
districts of the island. It was here, 
according to old Norse usage that 
new laws were announced in the open 
air. The Isle of Man for centuries, 
till 1765, was a feudal holding, under 
the crown. 

But it has a quaint apparatus of 
government, a survival of ancient 
times, a court of Tynwald, divided 
into a Council and a House of Keys, 
and it writes its laws in Manx as well 
as English. "Deemsters" sit on its 
criminal bench. But inside this setting 
of a druid world, the writ of habeas 
corpus and the income tax run as 
merrily as on the mainland. 

The Isle of Man's 227 square miles 
NOVEMBER 1952 



have normally about 50,000 inhab- 
itants. This is trebled when the 
motorcycle races are held. Due to 
the nearby gulf stream, the climate 
is salubrious. Houses are white- 
washed stone, with thatched roofs. 
The latter have to be replaced about 
every six years. It takes an expert to 
tie the thatch. 

The inhabitants mostly intermar- 
ried in their own small locality. They 
were not prolific and families died 
out. It was because of this that 
George Cannon, the immigrant, and 
his bride, Ann Quayle, made a 
strange wedding covenant. If the 
union was not blessed with children, 
the marriage was to be dissolved. 

George Cannon, working in Liver- 
pool when about thirty- one, went 
back to the Isle of Man to help settle 
some of his mother's affairs after the 
death of her husband, the captain, at 
sea. While there he courted his' dis- 
tant cousin, Ann Quayle, three and 
one-half years his junior. Daughter 
of a well-to-do businessman, she was 
schooled in ways of thrift. It was be- 
cause of her careful management and 
tireless industry that the family was 
able to finance the trip to America 
and help several others to do so. 

Angus, the second son and fifth 

child born to the couple, spent 

part of his happy childhood at the 

home of his Grandmother Quayle at 

Peel on the Isle of Man. 

After their conversion the family 
was imbued with the idea of gather- 
ing to Zion. The energetic mother 
urged them on to make the trip to 



America. Perhaps, with a premoni- 
tion of her own death, she wanted to 
see her children settled in the new 
country. 

As soon as their plans for departure 
were announced, prejudice against 
their religion was manifest. Relatives, 
who deplored their going away among 
"red Indians," declined to buy their 
furniture, even the heirloom clock 
and drawers. The wife's brother re- 
fused to see them off. But that was 
only the prelude to their troubles. 

The parents, with six children, set 
sail at 9 A.M. on the seventeenth of 
September, 1842, on the ship Sidney. 
As soon as it began to roll, the moth- 
er became violently seasick. 

For six weeks she lay desperately 
ill while her solicitous husband took 
faithful care of her. She died at 4:30 
A.M. the twenty-eighth of October, 
and her body was consigned to the 
sea twelve hours later. 

Before the ship reached New 
Orleans, two weeks after this, scarlet 
fever had broken out. David, the 
youngest boy, came down with it, but 
survived. 

While ascending the Mississippi in 
a river packet, the sorrowful widower 
took his children ashore to a log cabin. 
Here he had them bathed and their 
clothes washed. 

Tt was seven months after their de- 
parture from England before they 
finally landed at Nauvoo on the Maid 
of Iowa. Although they had never 
seen him, they instantly recognized 

(Concluded on page 835) 





The McCrimmons by an ancient Manx Cottage, Isle of Man, 1951. 



811 



When Canute was about a third 
of the way across the stream, 
Ira plunged in to help pull the 
rope across. Before Canute could reach 
the ferry, Ira began to show signs of 
exhaustion. 

All the Saints were standing on 
the bank, tense and eager for the 
safety of these two gallant lads. They 
saw Ira weakening; Canute noticed it 
also. With almost superhuman 
strokes, he reached the ferry and, 
securing the rope to the boat, began 
to pull Ira in to safety. A great cheer 
arose from the assembled Saints, and 
handkerchiefs, bonnets, and hats were 
thrown into the air with a mighty 
shout of joy. 

The ferryboat was soon in opera- 
tion, and by evening the Saints had 
loaded a number of the wagons and 
crossed the river with them one at a 
time. By nightfall of the following 
day all the wagons and people were 



the going became rough and uncom- 
fortable, but despite these drawbacks 
they made good progress until they 
arrived at a point between the last 
two crossings of the Sweetwater, 
where they encountered some high 
ridges, part of the Wind River Moun- 
tains. 

The camp was then within seven or 
eight miles from the last crossing of 
the Sweetwater, a place called Willow 
Creek. Here they were blockaded by 
a heavy snowstorm that lasted about 
forty hours, forcing everyone to hud- 
dle in the wagons, waiting for the 
fury of the storm to spend itself. 

When the snow finally ceased to 
fall, Chris and Canute crawled out 
of their wagons and shoveled snow 
until they finally gathered enough 
dry wood together to build a fire to 
thaw out the thoroughly chilled peo- 
ple. 

Elder Ezra T. Benson of the Coun- 



;-»;. 



"As Unto The Bow..." 



by Edith P. Christiansen 
Part III 



SYNOPSIS 

As a lad, Canute Peterson reluctantly left his beautiful, native 
Norway with his parents to come to America and settle in La Salle 
County, Illinois. There, after his father had passed away, he and his 
widowed mother heard the gospel from elders coming from nearby 
Nauvoo and were baptized. In their new Church activity they found 
fast and true friends, among whom were Kari Nelson, widow of 
Cornelius Nelson, and her daughter, Sara Ann. After Sara is healed 
of a serious illness by the Lord through Canute's administration, they 
are married by Elder Orson Hyde and use the remainder of their 
pioneer journey as a honeymoon. 



across the river and ready to proceed 
on the journey. 

The company now traveled along 
the Platte River. There was an 
abundance of game: buffaloes, elk, 
and antelope, in particular. 

When the company reached Inde- 
pendence Rock, they were met by 
brethren from Salt Lake Valley who 
had come to help them on their 
journey. They brought cattle and 
wagons with them to replace those 
that had given out on the trip. 

Brother Thomas E. Ricks was as- 
signed to assist the Norwegians in the 
group, and Canute and the others 
welcomed his aid, since he was a kind 
and sympathetic man. 

As they traveled farther up the 
Sweetwater, the weather changed and 
became stormy and windy. Sometimes 

812 



cil of the Twelve, captain of their 
company, called for volunteers to go 
to George A. Smith's camp which was 
about three miles back on Strawberry 
Creek to find out the conditions there. 

Canute and Christian Hayer vol- 
unteered to go. The journey had to 
be made on foot, in snow that was 
waist deep and over a ridge that 
separated two creeks. It was hard 
and tiresome as the two men trudged 
on through the biting cold and snow. 

When finally they reached Brother 
Smith's camp, they found that this 
camp was in circumstances similar to 
their own. Brother Smith was send- 
ing some of the strongest men to go 
down on Sweetwater to hunt the 
cattle. 

The two returned to their own 
camp and reported what they had 





Canute Peterson 




Sara Ann Nelson Peterson 

learned. While they had been gone, 
a number of men had left the camp 
and gone down the creek to look for 
cattle. They had found an abundance 
of large willows had sheltered them 
during the storm. When these 
brethren returned with this favorable 
report, the anxiety was greatly re- 
lieved. 

Three days longer the group re- 
mained at camp, gathering up all the 
cattle they could find. But seventy or 
eighty head had perished in the 
storm, thus making it necessary to 
yoke up every available animal that 
could be put into service. 

Finally the camp was ready to 
move. After the company had trav- 
eled about ten miles in the heavy 
snow, they came to bare ground 
where the traveling was much easier. 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 






rAJrii-'""'"'' 



3a **&& 



:%- -- 



^WV*'-^ 



W3 



\w$*- 







Letter of appointment signed by Brig- 
ham Young and carried by Canute Peter- 
son on his mission to Europe. 



The following day they reached 
Pacific Springs where the cattle had 
good food again. 

With good luck they traveled until 
they reached their destination, Salt 
Lake City, where they arrived, 
October 25, 1849. Their camp in 
the valley was on the banks of the 
Jordan River nearly straight west 
from the Rio Grande Depot of today. 

They were very anxious to see how 
closely the new Mormon city coin- 
cided with their dreams, so Shure 
Olsen, Christian Hayer, the Jacobses, 
and Canute went up into the town. 
They walked around the temple 
block. They were agreeably surprised 
to see how much the Saints had ac- 
complished in the little time they had 
been in the valley. 

While in the city, they encountered 
some gold diggers on their way to 
California. These people told them 
of the wealth they expected to find 
there and wanted these new arrivals 
to go along with them to California. 
Some of the men from the city did 
go, only to return in a year or so, with 
less than they had in the beginning. 

Canute and most of the young 
men were not even tempted by the 
tales of gold in California and the ex- 
NOVEMBER 1952 



pected wealth there; they knew they 
had something of greater value than 
gold. 

The camp remained on the Jordan 
River for a few days. Then Shure 
Olsen, Chris Hayer, and Canute 
bought a house in the northwest 
corner of the Old Fort. The farms 
stretched outside. All the homes 
were within the walls of the fort for 
protection from the Indians. The tall 
watchtower served as a lookout, 
where someone was always stationed 
to warn the Saints of approaching 



SS^SSSSSSSSRKSiS? 



hostile savages. When Indians were 
sighted by the guard in the tower, 
the alarm would be sounded, and all 
the men would come running into the 
fort, the gates barricaded, and then 
they would defend themselves from 
the hostile red men. 

Canute and Sara Ann moved into 
their small thatched-roof log home 
with much joy and pride. 

T ife in the old fort was not all 
drudgery. The leaders sensed 
the necessity for relaxation and en- 
joyment; the Saints were encour- 
aged to get what enjoyment they 
could out of wholesome, clean sport 
and fun of any kind. Therefore, in 
the evenings when all the daily tasks 
were done, they would gather to- 
gether for an hour or so and enjoy 
dancing, singing, foot races, horse- 
shoe pitching, and similar games. 

As the fall and winter wore on, the 
women and the girls would gather 
together and make rugs and quilts 
and other things to add to the com- 
fort and hominess of the little cabins. 
Nothing was ever wasted. Every 
scrap of material was saved and made 
into something useful. 

The wool from the few sheep they 
had was washed, carded, spun, and 
woven into material for the making 
of clothes. The fat they could render 
from the animals killed for food was 
used in making soap. Indeed the life 
of the Saints was filled with activity. 
Early in life the children were taught 
useful endeavor and were instructed 
in the arts and crafts that would 
make them more helpful. 

Education was not neglected even 
in the primitive surroundings. 
Classes in school were held, since 
there were many in the group with 

(Continued on following page) 




Typical scene along the coast of Norway, the country of Canute Peterson's birth- 



813 



"AS UNTO THE BOW..." 



fine educations to help with the in- 
struction of the young people. 

Sara was one of these instructors, 
having been a schoolteacher back in 
LaSalle County, Illinois. She was 
always glad and eager to assist the 
children in their lessons and learn- 
ing. She was kind and gentle, and 
her ready wit and keen sense of hu- 
mor soon endeared her to the hearts 
of all, young and old alike. 

When Sara became aware that she 
was going to have a baby, she was 
very thrilled and happy about it. 
She sewed and planned for the event 
with great pleasure. 

It was still night outside of the 
little, mud- thatched cabin that stood 
in the northwest corner of the old 
fort. Sara Ann stirred in her sleep 
and awoke. Canute was peacefully 
slumbering the undisturbed rest of 
the young. 

As Sara Ann became aware of the 
thing that had waked her, she real- 
ized that her time was near at hand. 
As another gripping sensation shot 
through her body and then subsided, 
she thought of all that had happened 
to her in the past months. The long 
hard journey in the daylight hours, 
and then at night when the dusty 
creaking train would grind to a halt, 
the hustle and bustle of pitching 
camp, sleeping out beneath the 
friendly stars on warm evenings, and 
huddling close to the campfires on 
cold and blustery nights. 

As the pains became more persist- 
ent, Sara told Canute that the great 
moment was near at hand. 

Hours wore on. In the afternoon 
the rain began falling and dripping 
through the roof, and pots and pans 
were brought to keep the water off 
the bed. 

Finally little Peter put in his ap- 
pearance, a beautiful healthy baby. 
The attending sisters chuckled. One 
thoughtful sister remembered Ca- 
nute, and, going outside of the fort, 
she waved her bonnet and announced 
to all Salt Lake City, "Canute, it's 
a boy." This happy announcement 
brought the elated Canute on the 
run. 

Going into the little cabin, hat in 
hand, the grateful, happy youth sank 
to his knees and thanked his Maker 
and his wife for the marvelous gift of 
his first son. 

"Sara, my sweet, brave little wife, 

814 



I can't tell you how much I love you 
and how proud I am. Let's name 
him Peter Cornelius, after my father 
and yours." 

Little Peter was the first male child 
of Norwegian descent to be born in 
Utah, and he was therefore a favorite 
with the Norwegian Saints. 

For the first ten months of Peter's 
life, Canute and Sara lived in Salt 
Lake City where Canute was trying 
to get a farm and home. It seemed 
that all the tillable land in both Salt 
Lake and Davis counties had been 
taken. Water was also scarce. 

Elder Ezra T. Benson of the Coun- 
cil of the Twelve was fond of Canute, 
and, knowing of his desire to obtain 
a farm, he came to Canute one day 
and told him that there was land on 
the other side of the Jordan River 
below the old bridge that had not 
been taken up. 




EMS. 



Canute immediately filed a claim. 
He worked it for two weeks, making 
a large ditch which would also serve 
as a fence. The plot did not seem 
as large as Canute wanted, so he 
offered it to Brother Joseph Young, 
the senior president of the seventies, 
as a donation towards building a sev- 
enties' hall. 

In July of 1850, President Brigham 
Young called Canute and five other 
brethren to settle Dry Creek, the 
place now called Lehi, in Utah 
County, about thirty miles south of 
Salt Lake City. With Brother Sher- 
wood, the territorial surveyor, the 
men went to Dry Creek where they 
helped survey nearly three thousand 
acres of land, which is now the main 
part of Lehi. This was a joint claim. 
Then they went up the mouth of 
American Fork Canyon and made a 
claim for part of the water there for 
irrigation. They had found by sur- 
veying that it would not be a difficult 



task to take the water out of the can- 
yon onto the bench. 

The men were very happy about 
the whole project. They returned to 
Salt Lake City to report to President 
Brigham Young on their successful 
trip. President Young was pleased 
with what they had done. 

About this time David Evans ar- 
rived in Salt Lake City with his com- 
pany of Saints. He called on Pres- 
ident Young to find where they 
should settle. President Young sent 
him to Dry Creek to be the bishop 
there. Brother Evans was a very 
conscientious, upright man, well- 
chosen for the position. To him was 
given the authority of allotting the 
land to the settlers. 

Canute received as his allotment 
of land, twenty acres of plow land 
and five acres of grass, or pasture, 
land. Now that he had his own land, 
Canute set to work at once plowing 
and sowing it, making irrigation 
ditches, and fencing. During the 
winter months, Canute built a little 
log house, so that he could move his 
family from Salt Lake City in the 
spring. The walls were made of logs 
and the roof of overlapping slabs. 
There was a large fireplace in one 
end of the big room, and a double 
bed built in one corner. The little 
home was built with only the crudest 
of implements, but much work and 
loving care was taken to make it as 
comfortable as possible. The logs 
were all carefully chinked to keep out 
the wind and the cold. 

Finally the day for moving to the 
new home arrived. The young couple 
soon gathered the meager belongings 
for transportation in the wagon. 
When everything was loaded, Canute 
helped Sara and little Peter up onto 
the high spring seat. Everyone was 
gathered around to see them safely 
off. So, amid good-byes, once again 
the couple started on their way, this 
time with lighter hearts because Ca- 
nute had prepared the way. Their 
new home held a hope of security 
for them. 

When they drove up to the gate 
of their new home, Canute jumped 
from the wagon, opened the gate, and 
quickly ran into the cabin where he 
lit the lamp and placed it in the win- 
dow after which he lit the fire in the 
fireplace. 

(Continued on page 830) 
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THE STANDARD WORKS 



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10 Pearl of Great Price 85 

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11 Pearl of Great Price.... 2.00 

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12 Large Print Doctrine and Covenants and Pearl of Great Price....3.00 

14 Doctrine and Covenants....l.75 

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15 Doctrine and Covenants._4.00 

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13 Book of Mormon 2.00 

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19 Book of Mormon Commentary — Vol. I 2.00 

By Dr. Eldin Ricks 
This is a text-with-explanations approach to the First Book of Nephi, the 
opening division of the Book of Mormon. Complete with explanatory 
notes, pronunciation key, and an extensive bibbography. 

20 Concordance to Doctrine and Covenants 3.00 

By J. V. Bluth 
An invaluable aid in the study and use of the Doctrine and Covenants. 

21 Combination Reference , 1.00 

By Dr. Eldin Ricks 
A handy pocket-size reference work of great aid to speakers and students 
of the Standard Works. 

22 Dictionary of the Bible 3.00 

By William Smith 
A revised and up-to-date edition of the work that is acknowledged as the 
foundation of all Bible dictionaries. 400 illustrations, 17 maps. 

23. Bible Ready Reference 1.00 

A compilation of texts arranged with annotations . . . widely used by 
missionaries. 

25. Discourses of Wilford Woodruff 2.50 

Compiled by Dr. G. Homer Durham 
The simplicity and humility of a great man are evidenced in this work. 
His words carried conviction to his contemporaries . . . and they are an 
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lift now i 
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34-A Ancient America and the Book of Mormon 4.00 

By Milton R. Hunter and Thomas Stuart Ferguson 

An important and valuable document in the study of the Book of Mormon, 
this book cites striking parallels with a sixteenth century Mexican history, 
Works of Ixtlilxochitl, with added historical and dootrinal information to 
aid the reader. 

24. Discourses of Brigham Young 3.00 

Compiled by Dr. John A. Widtsoe 

In this book Brigham Young speaks for himself and shows the coherent 
system of faith which he lived and taught. It shows how he applied the 
simple principles of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. 

18 Book of Mormon Guide Book 5.00 

By Verla Birrell 

"Those interested in the Book of Mormon would do well to have this 
book at their command for frequent reference"— Dr. John A. Widtsoe. 
The author's personal visits to Central and South America have been an 
invaluable background aid in preparing this volume. An excellent Book 
of Mormon study, further enhanced by valuable maps and charts, and 
a cross index. „ 

39 Pearl of Great Price 

Commentary 3.00 

By Dr. Milton R. Hunter 

An authoritative work commenting on 
the doctrines and history of the 
Pearl of Great Price, and its im- 
portance to Latter-day Saints . . . 




58 Masterful Discourses of 

Orson Pratt 4.00 

Compiled by N. B. Lundwall 

A selected portion of the writings of 
an eminent educational editor, lec- 
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cian, philosopher, and, above all, a 
gifted expounder of the Gospel. 



Give a Gift of Books this Christmas from 



816 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



26 A New Witness for Christ in America 

By Dr. Francis W. Kirkham 
Vol. I: Evidence of divine power in the "coming 
of Mormon. 

27 A New Witness for Christ in America 


forth" of 


the 


2.75 

Book 

2.75 


Vol. II: Attempts to prove the Book of Mormon man-made. 





38 Our Book of Mormon 3.00 

By Dr. Sidney B. Sperry 
A thoroughly scholarly yet highly 
readable aid to Book of Mormon 
study. 

30 Lehi in the Desert and The 
World of the Jaredites .... 2.25 
By Dr. Hugh Nibley 
This book contains a fascinating col- 
lection of background material that 
aids in the study of some of the great- 
est books in the Book of Mormon. 





i 



31 The Book of Mormon 

Testifies 3.00 J 

By Dr. Sidney B. Sperry 
Newest book by the author 
who has made the Book of 
Mormon live for thousands 
who have read his books ond 
heard his lectures. This new 
work is the result of years of 
research on the part of one of 
our best Church scholars, Pro- 
fessor of Old Testament Lan- 
guages and Literature at Brig- 
ham Young University. 



36 New Witness for God 2.50 

By B. H. Roberts 
Vol. I: Joseph Smith, the Prophet, as 
a witness of God. 

37 New Witness for God 2.50 

Vol. II: The value of the Book of 
Mormon as a witness for the authen- 
ticity and integrity of the Bible; and 
the truth of the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ. 

Vol. Ill: A continuation of Vol. II 
. . . more evidences. 



28 Know the Bible 2.00 

Arranged and Compiled by 

Benjamin B. Alward 

Fifty vital questions answered by 

800 important and familiar Bible 

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29 Gospel Quotations 1.75 

By Henry Rolapp 
A comprehensive outline of scrip- 
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Works. 

34-B Doctrine and Covenants 
Commentary 5.00 

A revised edition of this very help- 
ful and useful aid in the study of 
the Doctrine and Covenants. A 
necessary supplement for the bet- 
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Church. Completely indexed for 
reference. 




U"" 



Jesus the Christ 

By Dr. James E. Talmage 
Considered to be the most 
authoritative and inspired life 
of Christ, with the life and 
mission of the Messiah inter- 
preted in terms of modern 
scripture and revelation. 

32-A Deluxe Edition.... 7.00 

In limp leather. 

32-B Cloth Bound 3.00 




34 Teachings of the 

Book of Mormon .... 1.75 

By William E. Berrett 
A study of the Book of Mor- 
mon's specific contribution to 
the real message of this great 
book. 



GENERAL CHURCH BOOKS 




42 The Americas Before 

Columbus 5.00 

By Dewey Farnsworth 

Seldom will you find a more thor- 
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than this one . . . lavishly illus- 
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relics of the fabulous Mayan civili- 
zation which existed over 2500 years 
ago . . . tells of the two great mi- 
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J&BM America, one about 4,000 

wis*} years ago; the second about 

^^ 600 B.C. 



42-B A Rational Theology 2.00 

By Dr. John A. Widtsoe 

This volume is a brief exposition 
showing the coherence, reasonable- 
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35-A The Articles of Faith 
—Leather Edition .6.00 

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35-B The Articles of Faith 
— Library Edition.... 2.00 
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The classic discussion of the 
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Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints. 



40 Voice from the Dust 4.00 

Edited and arranged by 
Genet B. Dee 
The complete Book of Mor- 
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readable, fascinating form; 
good reading both for young 
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41 Witnesses of the 

Book of Mormon .... 2.25 

Compiled by Preston Nibley 
Here in this book, published 
for the first time in one vol- 
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known facts pertaining to the 
lives and later experiences of 
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42-A An Understandable 
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This book is an easy-to-read 
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^i all treated simply 

fR and completely. An 
^W aid to the questioning 
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NOVEMBER 1952 



817 



44 Evidences and Reconciliations — Vol. I ..2.25 

By Dr. John A. Widtsoe 
How trustworthy is science? Does higher educa- 
tion tend to diminish faith in the Gospel? Should 
a soldier love his enemy? These are typical of 
sixty-eight topics briefly and lucidly discussed. 

45 Evidences and Reconciliations- — Vol. II 
Gospel Interpretations 2.25 

By Dr. John A. Widtsoe 
Answers to additional challenging questions. 

46 Evidences and Reconciliations — Aids to 
Faith in a Modern Day — Vol. Ill ...2.25 

By Dr. John A. Widtsoe 
A companion volume to the two above, this book 
covers such subjects as The Godhead, Church 
Doctrine, The Priesthood, The Law of Progress, 
Is There Progress in Heaven, Intelligence, and 
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53 His Many Mansions 2.25 

By Rulon S. Howells 
A concise comparison of the beliefs of thirteen 
leading Christian denominations, including a chart 
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useful for anyone who wishes to understand the 
beliefs of others. 

54 House of Israel 3.00 

By E. L. Whitehead 
A treatise on the destiny, history, and identifica- 
tion of the House of Israel. 

55 How to Pray and Stay Awake 1.75 

By Max Skousen 
If you once start reading this book, you won't 
be able to stop. In solving his own problems 
of prayer, Elder Skousen has given answers that 
will benefit all who read it. 

56 Key to Theology 1.50 

By Parley P. Pratt 
A concise and original introduction to the science 
of theology, as gathered from revelation, history, 
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57 Latter-day Prophets Speak 4.00 

By Daniel H. Ludlow 
Principal doctrinal teachings of eight presidents 
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59 Mediation and Atonement 3.00 

By John Taylor 
Some of the greatest doctrinal principals as ex- 
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mini iiii Mini iiiiiiniiiii Ill)illl i 1 1 1 1 1 1, 

69 Teachings of the 

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70 Presidents of the Church ...4.00 

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71 Prophecy and Modern 
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60 Orson Pratt's Works 3.00 

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61 Pages from the Book of Eve 2.50 

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63 Priesthood and Church Government 2.50 

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64 Program of the Church 2.00 

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48 Writings of Parley P. Pratt 4.00 

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49 Fate of the Persecutors of the 

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iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiniiii 

50 Gospel Doctrine 3.50 

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51 Greater Dividends from 

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52 Way to Perfection 2.00 

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A discussion of doctrinal principles and 
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Ill I ■ I ■ 1 1 1 1 ■ I ■ 1 1 1 1 1 1 ■ I ■ t ■ I ■ I T ■ Illlllllllllllllllll 

65 Progress of Man 2.50 

By Joseph Fielding Smith 
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66 Sermons and Missionary Services of 
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By Bryant S. Hinckley 
This book gives you a firsthand association with 
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67 Sharing the Gospel with Others 2.50 

By George Albert Smith 
The reader will discover here a warm, sincere and 
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68 Youth and the Church 1.75 

By Harold B. Lee 
Within the revealed Gospel can be found solutions 
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error, righteousness and wickedness are discussed 
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72 What of the Mormons?.... 1.50 



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An excellent introduction to 
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historical sketch, an outline 
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74 Will a Man Rob God? .3.00 

By Dr. Milton B. Hunter 

A new book delving into the 
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day Saint. 

82 Signs of the Times 2.25 

By Joseph Fielding Smith 

A fascinating discussion of proph- 
ecies fulfilled and prophecies to 
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73 On the Way to Immortality 
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By J. Beuben Clark, Jr. 

Man's age-old quest for truth 

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43 Christianity Through the 

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75 Gospel Standards 2.25 

By Heber J. Grant; Compiled by Dr. G. Homer Durham 
Members in every Church home will find that this volume speaks 
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problems of contemporary life. 

76 The Great Apostasy 150 

By Dr. James E. Talmage 
The establishment of the Church of Jesus Christ, the stages of the 
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77 The Mormon 1.00 

By Marcus Bach 
An interesting opinion by a noted non-Mormon writer concerning 
the people of our Church . . . written in story form, with an 
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78 To Whom It May 

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"Pot shots" by a beloved leader on 
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79 To Them of the Last 

Wagon 75 

By J. Beuben Clark, Jr. 

The two Centennial Year addresses 
ef President Clark, delivered at 
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1947 and the dedication of "This 
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1947. 







CHURCH HISTORY 



84 Essentials in Church 

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By Joseph Fielding Smith 
The vital and essential points of 
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^^^_ with doctrines and revela- 
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^H | Smith interwoven with the 

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85 Comprehensive History of 
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The great sweep of the founding, 
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80 Vitality of Mormonism .2.50 

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A series of sermonettes on distinc- 
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81 The Word of Wisdom 2.75 

By Dr. John A. Widtsoe and 
Leah D. Widtsoe 

A modern and highly practical in- 
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ary living and diet. 

83 Restoration of All Things 2.25 

By Joseph Fielding Smith 

Fundamental principles of the gos- 
pel, as outlined in a series of radio 
addresses. 



Documentary History of the 
Church 

86 All 7 Volumes 15.00 

Taken from the manuscripts, rec- 
ords and notes of Joseph Smith and 
other early Church leaders, this 
carefully documented work com- 
prises 7 volumes. It contains in 
their entirety 101 revelations of 
the Prophet Joseph, plus many lit- 
tle-known important facets of his 
life and the growth of the Church. 
Also available in single volumes at 
2.50 each. 




NOVEMBER 1952 



819 




BIOGRAPHIES AND 
AUTOBIOGRAPHIES 



88 Brigham Young — The Man 

and His Work 3.00 

By Preston Nibley 

Here is the intimate life story of the 

great Mormon colonizer and leader 

^^^m • • • with special stress on 

^M I President Young's teachings 

TKgl from his letters and sermons. 

89 Joseph Smith, Seeker After 
Truth, Prophet of God 3.50 

By Dr. John A. Widtsoe 
A new consideration on the life of 
the Prophet Joseph Smith by 
y^ a leading author of L.D.S. 
Bk Church books. 





BOOKS OF INSPIRATION 



100. 



.1.00 



Branches Over the Wall. 
By Ora Pate Stewart 

Branches of the tribe of Joseph ran 
"over the wall" and took fresh root 
in South America about 600 B.C. 
Two fruitful boughs overspread two 
continents during the next thousand 
years, as told in the Book of Mormon, 
and as retold here. 

104. Missionary Experiences ....1.75 

By Preston Nibley 

Choice experiences of some of the 
great men of the Church . . . pre- 
pared under direction of the Presid- 
ing Bishopric for youth of the Church. 

106. Gems of Thought 1.00 

By Dr. Milton R. Hunter 

Quotable highlights from General 
onference addresses during the past 
four or five years. 

107. Inspirational Talks for 
Youth _ 175 

By Preston Nibley 
A compilation of excerpts from talks 
of special interest to young people 
. . . and those who teach them. 

108. Minute Sermons 1.00 

Compiled by Albert L. Zobell, Jr. 
Fifty General Authorities speak on 
such subjects as atonement, educa- 
tion, prayer, priesthood, tithing, and 
truth. 

155 A Treasury of Inspiration ..5.00 

Words of dynamic inspiration. 

156. 1000 Inspirational Things 3.75 
Stirring, significant stories, articles, 

and verse. 

157. 1000 Beautiful Things 5.00 

A collection of the warm, human and 
real in selections from the world's 
inspirational prose and poetry. 



101 God Planted a Tree 1.00 

By Ora Pate Stewart 
Tells in word and chart the fascinat- 
ing story of the Old Testament 
through the lives of its great char- 
acters. 

103 Letter To My Son 1.00 

By Ora Pate Stewart 
This book is the inspired answer to 
the problem of young people seek- 
ing to orient themselves in an adult 
world ... a perspective on the sim- 
ple virtues which make for a whole- 
some adjustment to life. 

105 Let's Live 3.00 

By Claude Richards 
A book which offers a dynamic and 
constructive way of attaining real 

# security, personal happiness, 
and world peace. 




90 Autobiography of Parley P. 
Pratt 3.00 

Fourth edition, illustrated. The life, 
ministry.^ travels, and excerpts from 
the writings of one of the truly great 
men of the Church. 

92 In the Gospel Net 1.75 

By Dr. John A. Widtsoe 
This is the story of a woman, seeker 
after truth, who was caught in the 
Gospel net and carried to a far 
country where she and her family 
found happiness through possession 
of eternal truth. 

94 Joseph Smith, an American 
Prophet 3.50 

By John Henry Evans 
A biography of the great Mormon 
prophet, written authoritatively from 
journals, diaries and letters of the 
Prophet and his family. 

97 J. Golden Kimball 3.50 

By Claude Richards 
The telling wit, good humor and gen- 
uine greatness of J. Golden Kimball 
are captured in this biography, along 
with priceless selections from his 
talks and sayings. 

95 In a Sunlit Land 3.00 

By Dr. John A. Widtsoe 

The heartwarming autobiography of 

^^^ a distinguished churchman 

^■H arid man of science. Sprin- 

V I kled with bits of wisdom and 

^P™ sprightly humor. 




"K ' 



96 Jacob Hamblin, 

Peacemaker 5.00 

By Pearson H. Corbett 

Jacob Hamblin, picturesque "Apostle 
to the Indians," was a colonizer, 
conqueror of the desert, friend-maker 
of the Indians, and devoted Church 
man; this is his story. 

98 Life of a Great Leader — 
Heber J. Grant 2.50 

By Bryant S. Hinckley 
The life story of the seventh president 
of the Church with a collection of 
the intensely interesting and inspir- 
ing experiences of this great leader. 

99 Life of Joseph F. Smith 3.00 

By Joseph Fielding Smith 
This life story of the sixth president 
of the Church is filled with rich, 
faith promoting experiences. 




Newest Book by Richard L. Evans * 

109 Tonic For Our Times 2.50 -fl^ 

Newest of the famous series from the "Crossroads of the West" Sunday 
morning radio programs. 

Previous books in this beloved series of Sunday morning sermonettes 
by Richard L. Evans (give the entire series for an especially acceptable 
gift). 

110 And the Spoken Word 2.00 

111 This Day and Always 2.00 

112 At This Same Hour 2.00 

112-A Unto the Hills 2.00 

113 Our Leaders 1.00 

Arranged by Doyle Green 
A short and inspiring picture of 
four Church leaders — President 
David O. McKay, his counselors, 
President Stephen L Richards and 
President J. Reuben Clark, Jr.; and 
President of the Twelve Joseph 
Fielding Smith . . . the story of 
their lives and services . . . words 
of guidance from their addresses. 



114 Power of Truth 1.50 

By William George Jordan 
Eight inspirational essays on such 
subjects as truth, ingratitude, toler- 
ance. For inspiring reading in the 
company of great ideas. 



115 Sayings of a Saint 1.00 

Compiled by Alice K. Chase 
These brief excerpts from the ser- 
mons of President George Albert 
Smith typify his deep and abiding 
love for humanity. 

1 16 Story Tellers Scrap Book 1.00 

By Albert L. Zobell, Jr. 
Stories illustrating brotherhood, 
civic pride, faith, prayer and testi- 
mony. 

117 Storyettes 1.00 

By Albert L. Zobell, Jr. 
Inspiration for short talks . . . 
brief stories selected for effective- 
ness in illustrating a point. Almost 
100 different subjects. 



Give A Gift of Books from Deseret Book 



820 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



501. Brownie Hawkeye 
Flash Outfit 13.50 

Includes Brownie Hawkeye 
Camera, Flash Model; Ko- 
dalite Flashholder with Ko- 
dak 2-way Flashguard; 8 
No. 5 Photoflash Lamps; 2 
Size C Batteries; 2 rolls 
V620 Film; combined man- 
ual and booklet of photo 
tips. A perfect gift for tak- 
ing snapshots indoors or out. 

Add 34c mailing costs. 




A brand new 8mm Home Movie Projector 
. . . Bell and Howell quality . . . lightweight, 
only 12 lbs. Modern design . . . sharp 
bright movies up to 6 feet wide . . . best 
of all, the price is truly modest. Add 76c 
mailing cost. 



Gifts for the 
Photographer 

Beginner 

Advanced Amateur 
Professional 



You can give hours of constructive pleasure 
with a gift of photographic equipment . . . 
there's something in Deseret Book's Camera 
Shop for every age and every stage. Just a 
few selections are shown here. 



503. Baby Brownie Special Camera 2 85 

503-A One Roll of 127 Film ZZ. .41 

An inexpensive camera famous for the crisp pictures it will take in either 
black and white or color. Order a roll of 127 Verichrome to go with your 
camera. Add 19c mailing cost. 

504 Camera Bag _ 10.50 

Over-the-shoulder type bag designed to carry small cameras and accessories, 
or ladies' "accessories". Made of Top Grain Cowhide with white Saddle 
stitching. Comes in Navy Blue, Red, Golden Wheat, Russet Glow and 
Ginger, all with Gold-Brite locks. Add 19c mailing cost. 

505. Automatic Changers For 2x2 Slide Projectors 14.95 

Famous Airequipt Automatic Changer complete with adapter and magazine, 
ready to go. Fits nearly all the popular 35mm slide projectors. Add 19c 
mailing cost. 



506. Melton 8mm Movie Viewers 4.95 

Enjoy your 8mm films without having to use a projec- 
tor. See movies in black and white or full color simply 
by cranking them through this marvelous hand viewer. 
Add 24c mailing cost. 

Kodacraft Photo Lab Outfits 



A complete developing and printing outfit for the be- 
ginner and the advanced worker desiring simplicity, 
portability and ease of use. Available in regular and 
advanced sets. Add 34c mailing cost. 

507. Regular set 8.75 

508. Advanced set 14.10 



m 





,H, 35mm Slide Storage Files 

509. Brumberger Slide File 2.95 

Keep your 35mm, Bantam, or larger 

ready-mounts and slides in the best 

condition by filing (hem in this large 

capacity storage box and carrying 

case. Each slide fits into its own 

slot. Steel construction throughout, 

including handle and two snap locks. 

.;.;*'■ Attractive (way crackel enamel fin- 

:■■■■* ish. Each slot numbered. For 35mm 

1 and Bantam. Holds 300 ready-mounts 

■ ■"/ or 150 glass slides. Add 24c mail- 

I : : .;-,i ing cost. 

Iff Other slide files from $1.95 up. 



Make 

DESERET BOOK 

Your Christmas 
Camera Headquarters 



NOVEMBER 1952 




821 




the 

the 



118 Beyond the High Himalayas -5.00 

William O. Douglas 

A thrilling tale of hazardous adventure on 
"Roof of the World" . . . but even more, 
emergence of Central Asia as 
an area of profound signifi- 
cance in the battle between 
Communism, tradition, and 
Democracy. Profusely illus- „.^> : 
trated. |iL 




119 Thurber Album 3.50 

James Thurber 

The one word which best de- 
scribes the Thurber Album is 
nostalgia — nostalgia about the 
good old days in Columbus, 
Ohio, a typical and important 
American city, as a superb ar- 
tist knew it. 



120 The Giant 3.95 

Edna Ferber 

Edna Ferber, author of Show 
Boat and So Big, has written her 
first novel in eight years about 
fabulous Texas in the 20th Cen- 
tury. Book of the Month Club 
selection. 



0$ 





HEMINGWAY 
at his best ! 

121 The Old Man and the Sea 3.00 

Man's ageless struggle with the forces of nature is sharply 
brought into focus by the dramatic writing of Heming- 
way in this tale of an old man who pits himself against 
a giant marlin, sharks, and the sea. 







c:M sE 




^8 








Gown tf 
Glory 




122 The Caine Mutiny 3.95 

Herman Wouk 
Topping best seller lists is this super sea yarn . . . the colorful story of 
Willie Keith and a World War II mutiny on the old destroyer-mine-sweeper, 
Caine. Pulitzer prizewinner, voted best novel by critics. 

123 A Man Called Peter 3.75 

Catherine Marshall 
The true story of a great modern minister, and former chaplain of the U. S. 
Senate, Dr. Peter Marshall. This is a record of abiding love and inspiring 
faith . . . written by his wife. 



124 Kon-Tiki 4.00 

Thor Heyerdahl 

The famous account of six men who drifted across the Pacific on a raft; 
an exploit that rivals anything in literature. 

125 Gown of Glory __ _ 3.75 

Agnes Sligh Turnbull 
A village minister of fifty years ago and his wonderful family make up the 
humor, pathos and adventure of this novel by the author of The Bishop's 
Mantle. 



BETTER HOMES & GARDENS BOOKS 



— FOR MOM — 

126 Better Homes and Gardens BABY BOOK 2.95 

This famous and popular guide to better baby care gives parents the secure 
step-by-step remodeling helpings. A prize gift! 

127 Better Homes and Gardens COOK BOOK 2.95 

Tab indexed, looseleaf style with washable cover. Hundreds of recipes, 
menus; packed with step-by-step "how to do it in the kitchen" data. 



— FOR DAD — 

128 Better Homes and Gardens HANDYMAN'S BOOK 3.95 

Ask any question about home maintenance or repair; furniture building, 

129 Better Homes and Gardens GARDENING BOOK 3.95 

A year-around "How To Do It" guide to practical home gardening . . . 
handy looseleaf form with index tabs . . . profusely illustrated. 



There's a gift book for every taste at... 



822 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



130 Art Treasures of the Metropolitan 12.50 

Fabulous masterpieces from the Metropolitan Museum, illustrated in 
beautiful full-color plates, and with descriptive commentary. , 

131 Mid-century Journey by William Shirer 3.50 

Shirer's was the C.B.S. voice from Berlin in World War II ... he 
writes with the lucid descriptive powers of a great journalist observing 
the contemporary scene ... a modern European diary. 

132 From Under My Hat by Hedda Hopper -3.00 

The fun and fury of a famous career on stage and screen, and as a 
columnist, with a host of famous personalities taking part. 

133 Lincoln Picture Story of Life by Stefan Lorant 6.00 

More than 5,000 volumes have been published about Lincoln, but 
none like this . . . tells the Lincoln story with more than 500 pictures 
(including all known photographs of Lincoln) and 100,000 word 
text. 

134 The Pilgrim Soul by Anne Miller Downew 3.00 

Novel about a pioneer family in the New Hampshire wilderness . . . 
told with skill and warm human feeling. 

135 Rage of the Soul by Vincent Sheean 3.50 

Set in India, Washington, and Rome, this thrilling and controversial 
story is especially interesting because of Mr. Sheean's personal knowl- 
edge of India at the time of Gandhi's death. 

136 A Hungry Man Dreams by Margaret Lee Runbeck 3.75 

The errors and trials of a young man in search of his own style of 
living are clearly depicted in this portrait of a German-American 
family in early Twentieth Century St. Louis. 



140 Moses 3.75 

Sholem Asch 
The inspired story of Moses and 
the epic drama of his times . . . 
clarifies the importance of the 
Biblical narrative. 

141 -A The Robe 3.75 

Lloyd Douglas 
The perennial favorite . . . classic 
novel about the last days of 
Christ on earth . . . and the 
trials of his people following the 
crucifixion. 

141 -B De luxe 5.00 

142-A The Big Fisherman 3.75 

Lloyd Douglas 
Follows the style of The Robe 
. . . depicting the story of Peter, 
first among the apostles, and 
fisher of men. 



142-B De luxe edition ....5.00 

143-A The Greatest Story 
Ever Told 2.95 

Fulton Oursler 

A reverent and faithful retelling 
of the ever-new, ever-lasting story 
of Jesus, written with powerful 
simplicity. 

143-B Deluxe edition ....5.00 

144 The Greatest Book Ever 
Written 3.95 

Fulton Oursler 

The Old Testament story retold 
with all the greatness, fascination 
and simplicity of Ourslers' other 
famous works. 



:■■::":::■ {;;; ; ■■■■■■:.: : ; 




the Power &f 

Positive 
Thinking 





Tops on best seller lists 






145 Silver Chalice — — 3.85 

A story of the Cup of the Last Supper superbly 
told by Thomas B. Costain. Rarely-perhaps once 
in a generation-comes the novel that captures the 
imagination . . . that re-creates the life and 
breath of a bygone era . . . that makes immediate 
and exciting the dramatic battle behind the found- 
ing of the Christian religion. 

Perfect for Christmas Giving 





■^^ 154 Power of Positive Thinking b) \ rm :ent Pearle.. 2.95 

Dr. Peale shows you: 10 simple, workable rules for developing confidence; 
13 examples of how prayer helped people in need; five techniques used by 
successful men to overcome defeat; a ten-point guide to popularity; and 
much more. 

137 The Great Enterprise by H. A. Overstreet 4.00 

A new book by the author of The Mature Mind. 

138 The Sea Around Us by Rachel Carson 3.50 

Winner of the 1952 National Book Award, this lucid book "introduces the 
human race to its true ancestral cradle— the ocean." 

139 Matador by Barnaby Conrad 2.75 

The dramatic story of a great bullfighter, a fickle mistress and the most danger- 
ous bull in Spain. 

153 Guide To Confident Living by Norman Vincent Pearle 2.95 

A great best seller since 1948 ... a passport to confidence— the most valuable 
asset anyone can own. 



Cook Books for Mom 

146 Fannie Farmer's Boston Cooking School Cook Book 3.95 

This classic cook book of all time, revised and brought up to the 
minute with information on frozen and packaged foods, casseroles, 
pressure cookers, and electric blenders, and new recipes. 160 illustra- 
tions. 

147 New Joy of Cooking by Rombauer and Becker 3.95 

1021 pages, over 4031 recipes. New section on frozen foods, pressure 
cookery, use of electric blender. Over 500 new recipes. Section on 
nutrition and menus. High altitude cookery section will be of special 
interest to Mountain West housewives. 

148 Low Calorie Cook Book by Bernard Koten 2.95 

348 non-fattening recipes for people who love good food. 

1149 Betty Crocker Cook Book 3.50 
It took the Betty Crocker staff ten years to prepare this 464 page, 
up-to-the-minute cook book. Complete with 468 "How to do it" 
pictures, 36 full-color photographs, and 2161 all-time favorite recipes. 

150 Betty Crocker Cook Book — Deluxe edition 4.75 

— FOR DAD — 

151 Peter Hunt's How To Do It Book 5.95 

Secrets for working magic with paint and brush; turning discarded 
furniture into useful pieces . . . Dad will love it! 

— FOR MOM — 

152 Anita Colby's Beauty Book 4.95 

Diets, exercises, fashion and grooming secrets, complete charm course 
... a handbook of beauty, glamour, and personality. 

159 Collected Verse 4.00 

By Edgar A. Guest 

160 Collected Verse 6.00 

Leather-bound edition. 

161 Amy Vanderbilt's Complete 
Book of Etiquette 5.00 

A complete handbook of etiquette 
for every situation by a famous au- 
thority on this important subject. 





NOVEMBER 1952 



823 



» w iifvOt«vrt>co(»^ 

' .■>;.. 



W<>lH>< k ' 




ITS BOOKS 





Landmark Books 1.50 ea. Famous Dog Stories 1.25 ea. 



.49 



Cherry Ames Series 95 ea. 

Thrill to the adventure, romance and 
service that make a nurse's career a 
glamorous one. Ages 11-15. A few of 
13 titles by Helen Wells. 

306A Cherry Ames, Student Nurse 
306B Cherry Ames, Senior Nurse 
306C Cherry Ames, Flight Nurse 



305 Better Homes & Gardens 
Second Story Book 2.95 

A companion volume to the highly- 
popular first volume. Fifty imaginative 
stories selected for their excellence, su- 
perbly illustrated, are the prize await- 
ing within its covers for boys and girls. 
Ages 6-10. 



^li^#fc 




Each book in the Landmark series bring to life a 
great event in our nation's past. Each is designed 
to be rich, rewarding reading, capable of stirring 
the reader's heart as well as his mind. Ages 9-13. 
A few of the 20 titles available: 
301A The Pony Express 

Samuel Hopkins 
301 B Prehistoric America 

Anne Terry White 

301C The Lewis and Clark Expedition 
Richard L. Neuberger 



Handsome, unabridged, inexpensive editions of the 
most colorful, exciting and true-to-life stories ever 
written about dogs by leading authors. Ages 10-16. 
A few of 16 titles available: 

303A Kazan 

James Oliver Curwood 
303B Snow Dog 

Jim Kjelgaard 

303C Call of the Wild 

Jack London 



American Heritage Series 1.75 ea. Famous Horse Stories ....1.25 ea. 



To bring to life certain outstanding events, places 
and personalities, the American Heritage series pre- 
sents exciting and dramatic stories of men and 
women who blazed the pathway to freedom. Ages 
8-12. A few of 10 titles: 
302A Jed Smith, Trail Blazer 

Frank B. Latham 
302B The Captive Island 

August Derleth 
302C The Country of the Hawk 

August Derleth 




*<*"' 



The American Adventure 
Series 1.95 ea. 

The American Adventure series tells of the brave 
deeds and stout courage of the men who advanced 
America's frontiers. Colorful, accurate, fast-paced 
stories. Ages 8-12. A few of the 12 titles: 
307A Chief Black Hawk 

Frank Lee Beals 
307B Fur Trappers of the Old West 

M. Anderson 
307C Davy Crockett 

Frank Lee Beals 

The Childhood of Famous 
Americans Series 1.75 ea. 

The Childhood of Famous Americans series intro- 
duces boys and girls to such people as Lou Gehrig, 
Daniel Boone, Dolly Madison and Amelia Earhart, 
to name a few. Over 40 titles to choose from. 
Ages 9-12. 

308A Paul Revere— Boy of Old Boston 
308B Louisa Alcott— Girl of Old Boston 
308C Bird Girl — Sacagawea 




For the delight of boys and girls is this low-priced 
series of famous horse stories. Stimulating, exciting 
books, sturdily bound with full-color jackets. Many 
are illustrated. Ages 10-16. Some of 14 titles: 

304A Hoofbeats 

John Taintor Foote 
304B Mountain Pony and the Rodeo Mystery 

Henry V. Larom 
304C Midnight 

Rutherford Montgomery 



ANNE -4 7^±2<wz<d»tt '■ 

OF GREEN GABtES ' jS * 

iDM I 'INSECTS .4 IS D SUCH 



% .. /4r /■.*! <" 



w 



1&W&* 



Thrushwood Books 1.25 ea. 

Thrushwood Books are the cream of famous copy- 
righted modern classics for boys and girls, hand- 
somely printed and well-bound. Large size format, 
easy-to-read type. Ages 10-15. A few of over 30 
titles: 

351A Anne of Green Gables 

Lucy Montgomery 

351 B Penrod 

Booth Tarkington 

351C Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm 

Kate Douglas Wiggin 



Real Books 



1.25 ea. 



The Real Book series offers important, authoritative 
books for boys and girls at an incredibly low price. 
The books, though educational and informative, are 
at the same time exciting and entertaining. Ages 
9-12. A few of over 20 titles available: 

310A The Texas Rangers 
310B Bugs, Insects and Such 
310C Buffalo Bill 



Order by mail from Deseret Book— coupon on p. 826 



824 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



BOOKS FOR CHILDREN 2-10 Years 



311 God Gave Me Eyes.. 1.25 

Olive W. Burt 

312 Illustrated Bible 

Story Book 1.50 

Seymour Loveland 

313 The Christ Child ...2.75 

Maud & Miska Petersham 

314 Standard Bible 

Story Readers... .1.25 ea. 

Lille A. Faris 
( 5 Volumes ) 

315 Bible Picture ABC 
Book 1.75 

Elsie A. Egermeier 

316 Real Mother Goose 2.50 

(Rand McNally) 

317 Mother Goose 2.00 

Corolyn Wells Edition 

318 ABC Picture Book & 
Nursery Rhymes ....1.00 

M. Hetherington & K. Evans 

319 Just So Stories 2.50 

Kipling 

320 The Golden Christmas 
Book 1.50 

Compiled by Gertrude Crampton 



First Book Series 
1.75 ea. 

The First Book series, written 
for boys and girls 8 to 12, 
takes the reader out into the 
world in which we live, and 
in fascinating detail describes 
peoples of the earth. Beauti- 
fully illustrated. A few of 
the wonders of Nature and 
several titles: 

321 A First Book of Indians 

321 B First Book of Trees 

321C First Book of Stones 



322 Read Me More 
Stories 2.00 

Compiled by Child Study Assn. 
of America 
Here is the wonder of all the gay 
world for grownups and children to 
share with each other. Stories, 
verses and pictures for children. 
Ages 2-6. 

323 Just Like David 2.50 

Marguerite de Angeli 
The story of Jeffrey who wanted to 
be like his brother David, and the 
big trip West when his family moved 
to Ohio. Beautifully illustrated. Ages 

324 Ask Mr. Bear 1.75 

Marjorie Flack 
A picture book of farm animals, and 
a delightful story of a little boy who 
hunts for a birthday gift for his 
mother. Ages 4-8. 

325 Told Under the Blue 
Umbrella 2.75 

Thirty-eight fine, realistic modern 
stories for young children selected 
by the Literature Committee of the 
Association for Childhood Education. 
A family treasure. Ages 4-9. 

326 Told Under the Magic 
Umbrella 2.75 

A choice collection of 32 lively, imag- 
inative stories . . . animal tales, folk 
tales and exciting adventures in the 
lands of wonder and magic ... by 
prominent children's writers. Ages 
4-9. 

327 Sung Under the Silver 
Umbrella 2.75 

Jolly jingles, folklore, and sprightly 
modern verses fill this collection of 
over 200 poems old and new. Ages 
4-12. 

328 Picture Book of 
Astronomy 2.00 

Jerome S. Meyer 
An answer book to questions about 
the sun and the seasons, the moon 
and why it shines and how it goes 
around the earth, the planets and 
stars. Ages 6-10. 



Illustrated Junior 
Library — 1.50ea. 

Other de luxe editions avail- 
able at $2.00 and $3.00. 
The Illustrated Junior Library 
makes available to boys and 
girls the best of all their fa- 
vorite books, beautifully 
bound and illustrated. Easy- 
to-read type. Ages 9-14. A 
few of 25 titles available: 

332A Black Beauty 

Anna Sewell 

332B King Arthur and 
His Knights 

Sidney Lanier 

332C Little Women 

Louisa May Alcott 



329 Bright April 2.50 

Marguerite de Angeli 
A real, warm story of a little Negro 
girl named April, her happy family 
and her 10th birthday surprise. Beau- 
tifully illustrated. Ages 6-10. 

330 The Bumper Book..2.50 

Edited by Watty Piper 
Over 100 colorful illustrations decor- 
ate this big book containing 22 all- 
time favorite stories and poems. Ages 
4-8. 

331 The Golden Book of 
Geography 3.95 

Elsa Werner 
A child's introduction to the world. 
Human life in all kinds of regions 
is described and illustrated in rela- 
tion to the geographic environment. 
AH basic topographic features from 
continents to waterfalls are intro- 
duced and pictured. 300 full-color 
pictures. Ages 7-10. 

333 The Golden 

Encyclopedia 2.95 

Dorothy A. Bennett 
A vast array of knowledge, scientific, 
natural, geographic, is profusely il- 
lustrated, classified, and simply pre- 
sented in this important volume for 
child enlightenment. Ages 7-10. 




BOOKS FOR CHILDREN 



8-14 Years 

334 A Tree For Peter ...2.50 

Kate Seredy 
A small boy named Peter, an un- 
known tramp, and an Irish cop trans- 
form squalid, old Shantytewn into a 
clean, modern settlement. An in- 
spirational story of faith in man- 
kind. Ages 9-12. 

335 State Birds and 
Flowers 2.00 

Olive L. Earle 
Each state bird and flower is de- 
scribed simply and accurately, and 
beautifully illustrated. Ages 10-16. 

336 Rockets, Jets, Guided 
Missiles and Space 
Ships __ 1.00 

Jack Goggins and Fletcher Pratt 
Inter-planetary travel is a reality in 
this exciting, fascinating story detail- 
ing the history and principles behind 
rocket and jet travel. Profusely il- 
lustrated. Ages 8-12. 

337 On Indian Trails With 
Daniel Boone 2.50 

E. L. Meadowcraft 
Come along with Daniel Boone as 
he pioneers the dark forests of Ken- 
tucky, outwitting treacherous Indians, 
in this rousing tale of early America. 
Ages 8-12. 

338 King of the Wind....2.95 

Marguerite Henry 
Boys and girls will love this story 
of a fiery Arabian stallion of un- 
quenchable spirit who became one 
of the most famous horses of all 
time. . . . Masterfully illustrated, 
this book won the John Newberry 
Award for 1949. Ages 9-12. 

339 Album of Horses....2.95 

Marguerite Henry 
Unusual and little-known facts, en- 
tertaining human-interest anecdotes, 
and superb pictures combine here to 
delight the horse-lover. Ages 9-16. 

340 Myths and Enchant- 
ment Tales 2.00 

Margaret Evans Price 
Here is the glowing beauty, the vivid 
imaginative power, and the swift, 
vigorous action of 19 of the immortal 
Greek and Roman myths. Ages 8-12. 

341 The Enchanted 

Book 3.00 

Selected by Alice Dalgliesh 
From many different countries, here 
are 21 fanciful tales of enchanted 
princes and princesses, of animals 
that become human beings and hu- 
mans turned into animals. Superbly 
illustrated. Ages 8-10. 

342 Tree in the Trail....3.00 

Holling C. Holling 
A saga of the great Southwest woven 
around the "Tree in the Trail" and 
the Spanish explorers, Indians, home- 
steaders, and adventurers. Ages 8-14. 

346 Boy Scout 

Encyclopedia 2.75 

Bruce Grant 
A new, superbly illustrated and 
bound edition patterned after the 
Boy Scout Handbook. A cherished 
treasure for any Scout. 



Nancy Drew Series .. 



.95 ea. 



Danger and adventure lurk behind every clue in these 
11-15. A few of 30 titles by Carolyn Keene. 
347A Secret of the Gatehouse 
347B Ghost of Blackwood Hall 
347C Mystery at the Ski Jump 

Hardy Boys Series - .95 ea. 

Breathless excitement and adventure follow the Hardy 
Boys as they endeavor to bring criminals to justice. 
Ages 10-14. A few of 30 titles by Franklin W. Dixon. 
348A Secret of the Lost Tunnel 
348B The Tower Treasure 
348C The Wailing Siren Mystery 



352 My Picture Book of Songs .2.50 

Alene Dalton, Myriel Ashton and Erla Young 

This is a happy combination of pictures, words and I 
music with every principle of advanced psychology 
used to attract children and teach them, in this 
beautiful and unusual book. 



» 



rf* : 



353. Songs to Sing for L.D.S. Children 2.00 
349 Island Stallion's Fury 2.00 

Walter Farley 
The story of Steve Duncan, whose dream of some day;- 
meeting and having for his own a giant red stallion.; 
leads him into a succession of adventures which will 1 : 
hold young readers spellbound. Ages 9-14. 






Delight boys and girls of any age with books from Deseret Book 



NOVEMBER 1952 



825 




L:., 

354 
355 
356 
357 



Ben the Wogon Boy 1.50 

Howard R. Driggs 

Bible Picture A.B.C. Book 1.75 

Elsie Egermeier 

Bible Stories for Young L.D.S 3.00 

Emma Marr Petersen 
Book of Mormon Stories for 

Young L.D.S 3.00 

Emma Marr Petersen 




Child's Story of the Book of Mormon 

359 Vol. I — Journey to Promised Land.. 1.75 

360 Vol. II— Precious Land of Promise 1.75 

361 Vol. Ill — Land of their Inheritance 1.75 

362 Vol. IV — The Savior Comes to the 
Promised Land (New) 1.75 

Deta P. Neeley 

365 Egermeier's Story of the Bible 2.95 

(Other editions 3.95 and 4.95) 
Elsie Egermeier 

366 Hurlbut's Story of the Bible 4.95 

Jesse L. Hurlbut 

367 Picture Story of the Life of Christ 2.50 

Elsie Egermeier 

368 Story of the Book of Mormon 3.00 

Florence Pierce 

369 Stories From the Book of Mormon 2.00 

Theresa Hill 

358 The Story of The Birthday of 

Our Church 3.00 Little Jesus .. 

Emma Marr Petersen ^L\ Sterling 



370 Storytime 2.00 

Mabel Harmer 

371 A Story to Tell 2.50 

Primary & Sunday School 

372 Tell Me About the Bible 2.00 

Mary Alice Jones 

373 Tell Me About God 2.00 

Mary Alice Jones 

374 Tell Me About Jesus 2.00 

Mary Alice Jones 

375 Tell Me About Prayer 2.00 

Mary Alice Jones 

376 White Indian Boy 2.10 

Wilson Driggs 

363 Children's Friend Story Book — 

Vol. I — Primary Association 2.50 

Selected Stories from Children's Friend. 

2.50 364 Children's Friend Story 

North JM \ Book— Vol. II 2.50 

"^^^ "^^^ Just off the press for 

"^ ^r Christmas. 




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826 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Why Should Family Prayers 
be Held? 

(Concluded from page 791) 
home, one is changing her dress, an- 
other her shoes, another getting ready 
to go to the theatre; another has gone 
to see Mary, and another to see Emily, 
and I may add, etc., etc., etc. 

"Now I have a few words of coun- 
sel for my family, which I shall ex- 
pect them to receive kindly, and obey: 
Namely, when prayer time comes that 
they all be at home. If any of them 
are visiting, that they be at home at 
half past six o'clock in the evening. 
I wish my wives and children to be 
at home at that time in the evening, 
to be ready to bow down before the 
Lord to make their acknowledgments 
to him for his kindness and mercy 
and longsuffering towards us. 

"Your strict attendance to my 
wishes in this respect will give joy 
to the heart of your husband and 
father." 

Brigham Young 
Gt Salt Lake City 
April 2, 1866 

This message of Brigham Young to 
his family may be taken as a mes- 
sage to all Latter-day Saint families. 
Let the practice of daily family prayer 
be in every family living under the 
blessings and obligations of the re- 
stored Church of Christ. Let no 
other duty interfere with it. 



These Times 

(Concluded from page 782) 
tions are vested in the county commis- 
sionerships and the county clerkships. 
You can afford to look at these nominees 
twice before going to the polls. 

A final word on "how to vote": be 
careful not to deface your ballot in 
any way. A slight pencil mark, acci- 
dentally drawn in dropping the pencil 
or other slip — despite election laws re- 
quiring judges to give full expression to 
the "will and intent of the voter" — may 
cause your ballot to be discarded by the 
judges of election. True, these judges 
are appointed and named under a sys- 
tem of two-party responsibility, but the 
ultimate control over them lies in the 
county commission and clerk's office — 
hence the importance of getting honest 
men, sober and true, in these important 
offices. 

Good luck! May you vote "right!" 
NOVEMBER 1952 




Our freight cars can't escape! 



Shippers and receivers of freight fre- 
quently need to know where their cars 
of freight are while en route. 

For years Southern Pacific has 
served its shippers with a car-report- 
ing system that could tell just about 
where each freight car is located 
among the 80,000 or so moving over 
our 13,500 miles of line every day. 

That system, while reasonably fast, 
did take a little time. So, since time 
is at a premium, S.E has developed 




something new to give still faster in- 
formation service. This new, super- 
fast freight car-reporting system is a 
business machine-tape-teletype 
setup.. 

With the speed of light- 186,000 
miles per second— this setup flashes a 
record of moving cars to all points all 
over our lines and to Eastern cities, 
thus tracing and reporting each car- 
load as it goes along. 

At terminal and division points, a 



card is punched for each freight car 
in every freight train. The punch- 
holes actuate a tape, the tape sets bat- 
teries of teletypes clicking— and to 
cities on its route (and nightly by our 
own nation-wide telegraph network 
to our S.E freight offices all over the 
nation) that car's record flashes in- 
stantly. The setup also gives a "pass- 
ing report," showing the progress of 
each car as it moves over the railroad. 
By means of this new "electronic 
car reporter" system, our S.P. freight 
men all over the U.S. know each 
morning (and can advise shippers 
and receivers) the location of vital 
carloads going to defense production, 
the military, or to you, the consumer. 

While our business is primarily 
that of supplying fast transportation, 
we thought you would be interested 
to know that we also furnish the 
equally vital fast information. 




N PROGRESS 




Southern Pacific Company, D. J. Russell, President 



827 






r y »■ 



*!# 







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SOURCE OF INSPIRATION & GUIDANCE 

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to your home. Why not join now and use your membership to buy gift books. The 
names on your Christmas list will appreciate one of the loved Church books at the 
top of the next page. 



ONE BONUS BOOK FREE 
WITH EVERY FOURTH BOOK YOU BUY 



INTRODUCTORY OFFER TO NEW MEMBERS I 




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Choose any two of the books shown in this box as our introductory gift 
to you. They're yours absolutely FREE when you order your first book 
selection from the top of the next page. You'll find these books enriched 
with philosophical and scriptural information .... providing years of 
reading enjoyment and guidance. 

• OLD TESTAMENT BIBLE STORIES, by Emma Marr Petersen 

• THE SEVENTY'S COURSE IN THEOLOGY, by B. H. Roberts 

• EXODUS TO GREATNESS, by Preston Nibley 

• GOSPEL THEMES, by Dr. John A. Widtsoe 



THE ONLY BOOK CLUB DEVOTED ENTIRELY TO L.D.S. LITERATURE 



828 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 





CHURCH FAVORITES FOR EVERYONE ! 

Children • Friends • Students • Missionaries 



BOOK OF MORMON TESTIFIES 

By Dr. Sidney B. Sperry 

This book climaxes many years of research by Dr. Sperry . . . recog- 
nized as an authority on the Book of Mormon. Scholarly and inspir- 
ing, it's an important book for all students, missionaries ond religious 
libraries. Presents a systematic treatment of the Book of Mormon, book 
by book. 

IN A SUNLIT LAND 

By Dr. John A. Widtsoe 

Everyone will enjoy reading this autobiogrophy of John A. Widtsoe. 
It's an enlightening book that's highly praised by so many who are 
so familiar with his experiences. Packed with wisdom and religious 
philosophy. 

ESSENTIALS IN CHURCH HISTORY 

By Joseph Fielding Smith 

Interesting and instructive to the casual reader as well as the careful 
student. Ideal for Priesthood quorums, Church schools and auxiliary 
organizations. In this one volume you'll find the vital and essential 
points of history and doctrine arranged in chronological order. 

ANCIENT AMERICA and the Book of Mormon 

By Dr. Milton R. Hunter and Thomas Stuart Ferguson 

Here's a volume that represents years of research, writing and travel- 
ing. Contains new, enlightening material concerning ancient civiliza- 
tions described in the Book of Mormon . . . many of the facts revealed 
for the first time. 

J. GOLDEN KIMBALL 

By Claude Richards 

Here, you'll meet colorful J. Golden Kimball ... a brilliant man 
and a true pioneer with an unswerving, rock-bound faith in God. 
It's an amazing and amusing biography sparked with wit and good 
humor. 



*3 

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SPECIAL NOTICE: 



IF YOU PREFER . . . CHOOSE FROM THESE PREVIOUS BOOK CLUB SELECTIONS 

BOOK OF MORMON STORIES, for Young L. D. S. ON THE WAY TO IMMORTALITY 

By Emma Marr Petersen $3.00 AND ETERNAL LIFE, 

L. D. S. SCRIPTURES, By j. Reo ben Clark, Jr $3.50 

By Gilbert Charles Orme $4.50 

JESUS THE CHRIST, JOSEPH SMITH, Seeker After Truth, 

By James E. Talmage $3.00 By Dr. John A. Widtsoe $3.50 

If you want to join the Beehive Book Club but do not want any of the books listed, send in the coupon below and re- 
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THIS COUPON MAKES YOU A MEMBER WITH ALL PRIVILEGES 



BOOK OF MORMON TESTIFIES 

By Dr. Sidney B. Sperry □ 

IN A SUNLIT LAND 

By Dr. John A. Widtsoe □ 

ESSENTIALS IN CHURCH HISTORY 

By Joseph Fielding Smith □ 

ANCIENT AMERICA 

By Dr. Milton R. Hunter and Thomas Stuart Ferguson....Q 

J. GOLDEN KIMBALL 

By Claude Richards □ 

OR SEND THESE PREVIOUS SELECTIONS 



BOOK OF MORMON 

STORIES, for Young L.D.S. 

By Emma Marr Petersen G 

L. D. S. SCRIPTURES, 

By Gilbert Charles Orme Q 

JESUS THE CHRIST 

By James E. Talmage ....Q 



ON THE WAY TO 

IMMORTALITY AND 

ETERNAL LIFE 

By J. Reuben Clark, Jr. G 

JOSEPH SMITH, 

Seeker After Truth 

By Dr. John A. Widtsoe„G 




BEEHIVE BOOK CLUB 

P. O. Box 151, Salt Lake City, Utah 

P. O. Box 2271, Terminal Annex, Los Angeles 54, California 

CHECK C.O.D 

(Include State Tax) 
Gentlemen: 

Please enroll me as a member in the Beehive Book Club and send as a free gift 
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left. I understand that I will receive a FREE Bonus Book for each additional four 
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ADD 50c EXTRA FOR EACH BOOK OUTSIDE CONTINENTAL U.S.A. 

NAME 

ADDRESS 

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INDICATE THE TWO GIFT BOOKS WANTED: 

LI Old Testament Bible Stories 

□ The Seventy's Course in Theology 



□ Brigham Young the Colonizer 

□ Exodus to Greatness 



NOVEMBER 1952 



829 




WALKER BANK I2f 



3 LOCATIONS 



Main Office - - - 
Pioneer Branch 
Sugar House Branch 

Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. 



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450 South 2nd West 

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Member Federal Reserve System 



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BOOK OF 1 
wOK^ON I 













ARCHAEOLOGY - GEOGRAPHY 
RELIGION 

THREE BOOKS IN ONE 

The Contents of the Book of Mormon arranged 
for convenience. Maps and charts worth the 
price of the book. 

Essential for every reference library. An Aid 
to teaching. 

BOOK OF MORMON GUIDE BOOK 

$5.00 

DESERET BOOK CO. — Z.C.M.I. - BOOKCRAFT 
and other leading book stores 



830 



"As Unto the Bow. . ." 

(Continued from page 814) 

When Sarah beheld the shining 
newness of the house, saw the glow 
of the fire and the lamplight, and 
smelled the pine of the logs, the glow 
of radiant happiness on her face was 
beautiful to behold. 

In rapturous joy, she exclaimed, 
"Oh, Canute! It's beautiful! I've nev- 
er beheld anything so lovely. A 
queen's palace couldn't be more ac- 
ceptable or more appreciated than 
this." She examined everything with 
care and was happy with each new 
discovery. 

This was one of the happiest mo- 
ments of Canute's life. This was 
their first, own, new home in a new 
land with the promise of a wonderful, 
yet hard, life ahead. 

This moment was a beautiful and 
sacred moment. It held so much for 
these two spiritually endowed lovers, 
that its coming and passing helped 
to fortify them for the trials ahead 
and helped to erase past hardships 
and heartaches. 

Sara and Canute were happy in 
their new home. The few belongings 
were placed to make the place cozy 
and attractive. Fresh curtains were 
put up at the windows, and snowy 
doilies and covers were placed on the 
table, chair backs, and mantel. 

The following day, Sara took the 
little can in which she had planted a 
few twigs from the willow tree in Il- 
linois and carried with her all the 
way across the plains. She planted 
the cuttings in the corner of the 
little plot intended someday to be 
the lawn. Around them, she built a 
fence of sticks for protection. Here 
was the beginning of her first shade 
tree! As she accomplished her task, 
she sat back dreaming of the day 
when it would be large enough to 
shed its beneficent shade over the 
front yard. As she was thus dream- 
ing, Canute came up. 

"Well, Sara, what are you do- 
ing?" 

"I've just planted our first tree, 
Canute." 

"Tree?" he teasingly asked. "I 
thought you'd planted sticks. Where 
is the tree? The sticks are bigger 
than the tree." 

Sara looked up with a hurt ex- 
pression for his lack of appreciation 
for her efforts, but when she saw the 
twinkle in his eyes and the smile on 
his lips, she burst out laughing and 
(Continued on page 832) 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




Winnif red Jardine's 
"Food Is Fun" 

A three-time national award winner, this 
locally-written column provides you with 
scores of tasty meal suggestions. 



Margaret Masters in 
"Margaret's Kitchen" 

A daily column filled with chatty comments 
by an interesting local writer. 



M 



Mary Marker's 
Confidentially Yours" 



Slffso*- 



Local people's problems receive wise counsel 
from this outstanding columnist. 



Emily Post's 
"Etiquette" 

The recognized world's authority on etiquette 
keeps readers posted on behavior questions. 



Gladys Gardner's 
"Your Garden" 

A locally-written column keys its information 
to local growing conditions to help you pro- 
duce a lovely garden. 



Sewing Roundup 



Evelyn Blood Sims' 
"Fashions For You" 



Illustrated articles on needlecraft plus 
daily patterns. 



The latest news on fashion wear available 
in local stores, and illustrated by local models, 
is a regular feature of the women's pages. 




Karen Kramer's 
"Home Decorating-Furnishing" 

Up-to-the-minute news on new products, new 
designs, new materials and techniques in mak- 
your home more attractive and livable. 



The finest coverage of 
Society News and 
Women's activities 

All in the Greater 











mU fafee pekgram 



Plus the Exclusive 
Mid- Week Section 
on Wednesdays 

Exercise Column 

P. T. A. News by Virginia 
Anderson 

"Beauty" by Anita Colby 

Child Care, by Dr. Garry 
Cleveland Myers, Ph.D. 

Nutrition News by Winnifred 
C. Jardine 

Homemaker's Exchange 

Shopping News 

"Food For Tots" 



NOVEMBER 1952 



831 




»re ; near as VC^^^iSS^^-"^* ' * E!S 

THE SALT LAKE TRIBUNE 



The delicate pulse of the notion's business world is reflected each day 
in the 400-or-more figures and quotations on the financial pages of 
The Salt Lake Tribune . . . These pages are vital links between the 
national market centers and the intermcuntain West . . . Accurately 
edited each day to correctly reflect business trends, The Tribune's 
financial pages ore another reason why THE TIE THAT BINDS THE IN- 
HRMOUNTAIN W*ST is . . . 





ONE OF AMERICA'S GREAT NEWSPAPERS 



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832 



"As Unto the Bow..." 

(Continued from page 830) 
said gaily, "It does look rather fun- 
ny, doesn't it? But you just wait, 
that tree will outstrip the sticks — 
it has roots and the power to grow, 
but the sticks do not." 

Canute and Sara were extremely 
busy that spring. The surge of youth 
was in their veins; the joy of living, 
and work to do impelled and com- 
pelled their every waking hour. 
Plowing, planting, irrigating, weed- 
ing, and then preparing for the har- 
vest took all their time. 

The settlers often would gather to- 
gether in the evening and enjoy one 
another's company in conversation, 
singing, and games. 

Sister Goates and Sister Evans 
would often run in to see Sara and 
chat for a few moments or borrow 
some little thing, since the absence 
of stores made borrowing, lending, 
and repaying a common practice, 
with love and friendship the result. 
Sara and these two sisters became 
very close friends and helped each 
other a great deal. 

As the busy spring and summer 
wore on, and August came with its 
long days of heat and burning sun 
that turned the green tender grain to 
fields of ripening gold, Sara and 
Canute would look upon their fields 
and feel that God was good in his 
blessings to them. As they sat thus 
musing after their midday meal, a 
man on horseback came to their door. 
He gave a letter to Canute, having 
on it the official stamp of President 
Brigham Young. When they opened 
it, the contents told Canute to pre- 
pare himself for immediate departure 
to open a mission in Norway. 

A look of stupefaction came over 
their faces, and a thousand thoughts 
raced through their minds. 

"Oh, Canute, how can I let you 
go?" and Sara clung to him. 

Thus they stood in silence, Ca- 
nute's arm around her waist. He 
sought to comfort his wife. "Sack, 
sweetheart, I know this will be an 
awful blow, but if it is God's will, 
we can manage it. I know that being 
away so long will seem an eternity, 
and Norway seems to the ends of the 
earth away, but if we're prayerful 
and humble, God will bless us and 
make it possible for us." 

"I know that, Canute, but how can 
I ever endure life without you for 

(Continued on page 834) 
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(Continued from page 832) 
that long? I was afraid our life this 
summer was too good to last. Oh, 
Canute, my dear, we must rely on 
the Lord to give us strength to en- 
dure, and wisdom to guide us aright." 

A knock sounded on the door, and 
Brother and Sister Goates burst into 
the room. Brother Goates looked 
pale and distraught, and Sister 
Goates had been crying. 

"Oh, Sara," she cried out, flinging 
her arms around Sara, "Dan has been 
called on a mission, what will I do? 
Oh, what will I do?" 

Sara patted Sister Goates' shoulder, 
and replied, "You'll do just like I will. 
Canute has been called on a mission 
to Norway." 

"Oh, Sara," she sobbed, "if you 
can take it, I guess I can, too." 

Preparations for the missionaries' 
departure went forward. Missionar- 
ies from Salt Lake City and the other 
settlements numbered one hundred 
in all. Thirty wagons were fitted out 
to take them to their fields of labor. 
Those that were to labor in the east- 
ern states and the others that were 
going to labor in foreign fields had 
to go to the nearest railroad in Chi- 
cago. 

The company of missionaries and 
wagons was ready for departure and 
started from Utah on September 12, 
1852. Brother Orson Pratt was in 
this company, and his counsel and 
advice was of great value to the mis- 
sionaries. 

The trip took them over mountains 
and plains, and everything went well 
until they reached Laramie. Here 
they learned that Indians had been 
on the warpath and had set fire to 
all the grass between there and the 
Missouri River, a distance of almost 
four hundred miles. 

This made it necessary for the men 
to share their flour with their ani- 
mals. They mixed it with water into 
a thin paste, which they gave the 
animals to drink. 

They traveled as fast as they could 
under these circumstances, but, in 
spite of their speed, the food ran out. 
and the last four days before reach- 
ing the Missouri River, the men and 
animals,, were without food. There 
was no game that could be killed as 
all the game had been driven off or 
killed by the raging fire. 

The men became so hungry that 
they ate quantities of salt, the only 



834 



food they had left, and drank great 
quantities of water, thus trying to fill 
themselves. They even considered 
killing some of their animals, but as 
they were starved, and moreover, as 
they could not spare any of them, 
they decided against that measure. 

The mules and horses became so 
weak that when they lay down, they 
were unable to get up again unless 
the men helped them, and the men 
were so weak that they could scarce- 
ly help the animals. 

When finally they limped to the 
banks of the Missouri River, a stiff 
breeze was blowing down the river so 
that it was impossible to get the ferry 
across. After a little while, however, 
a skiff was brought across by three 
men, and Elder Pratt crossed. 

He soon returned with provisions 
for the men such as bread, butter, 
cheese, meat, pies, and many other 
good things. The men were so 
ravenous that the food had to be 
rationed in small quantities so they 
would not overeat and become 
sick. They devoured the food with 
relish and promptness, and later on 
some more was given to them. To 
these starving men, it tasted like 
manna from heaven. 

As soon as the wind abated, all 
were ferried across the river to Platte- 
ville, below Council Bluffs. Here 
they were supplied with food and all 
other necessities. The camp was 
pitched about a mile from town in 
some beautiful woods where there 
was an abundance of grass for the 
livestock. Here they had a regular 
Mormon camp, where they cooked, 
ate, sang, preached, and prayed. At 
this place the men separated for their 
respective fields of labor. Many of 
them would never meet each other 
again. 

Brother Erick M. Hoggan and Ca- 
nute started with their wagon and 
span of horses for Illinois. They 
camped out-of-doors in the snow all 
the way to Ottawa, LaSalle County, 
Illinois. Here both men had many 
friends, relatives, and acquaintances 
to visit. When they called on their 
relatives, some of them wept as they 
thought of the long, hard journey 
and the hardships still ahead of them. 

At this place the men sold their 
harnesses and horses in order to get 
money with which to travel to their 
mission fields. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



After resting for ten days, they re- 
sumed their journey. They had a 
chance to go as far as Chicago, a dis- 
tance of eighty miles, with a friend 
of theirs. The train they could af- 
ford to ride offered very poor accom- 
modations with straight, hard seats 
without backs on them. They rode 
this to train to New York City, ar- 
riving there Christmas Eve. 

( To be continued ) 



The Cannons Came From 
the Isle of Man 

{Concluded from page 811) 
the Prophet Joseph Smith when he 
met them at the dock. He thanked 
them personally for the hospitality 
they had extended to missionaries in 
Britain. 

John Taylor, Cannon's brother-in- 
law, welcomed them to his comfort- 
able home. George pursued the build- 
ing trade. 

George Cannon died in his fiftieth 
year, before he was able to make the 
trek to the far west. His fear that his 
name would die out was groundless. 
There are upwards of two thousand 
of his descendants throughout the 
southwest United States. 

George Q. Cannon, the eldest son, 
was a Utah pioneer of 1847, arriving 
on October 3. He served as Presi- 
dent John Taylor's secretary. After- 
ward he acted in the same capacity 
for Brigham Young, finally becoming 
a counselor in the First Presidency. 

Angus, a younger son, came later 
with his older sister. An expert shot, 
he contributed wild game to the 
wagon train's scanty larder. Thus it 
was that this Manx later met and 
married the Welsh girl, Mattie 
Hughes, whose own father had died 
three days after they reached the Salt 
Lake Valley. 



MARCH OF DIMES 



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INFANTILE 
PARALYSIS 



JANUARY 2-31 

NOVEMBER 1952 



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SIGNS OF THE TIMES 
(Revised and Enlarged. Joseph Fielding 
Smith. Deseret News Press, Salt Lake 
City. 1952. 253 pages. $2.25.) 

THhis new and enlarged edition of a 
widely read earlier work can per- 
haps best be described by its own title 
page: "A series of discussions sponsored 
by the sisters of the Lion House Social 
Center and given by Joseph Fielding 
Smith each Wednesday night from 
October 14, 1942, to November 18, 1942, 
with additional information taken from 
events from 1942 to 1952, principally in 
relation to the return of the Jews and 
the creation of the Republic of Israel as 
the fulfilment of prophecy." 

As a scriptorian, scholar, and inter- 
preter of the times, President Joseph 
Fielding Smith and his addresses and 
writings have long been followed with 
interest and looked to earnestly by a 
wide following throughout the Church. 
His pen has been indefatigable in its 
interpretation of truth, and his taking 
time from pressing official duties to 
bring this book up to date will be 
widely received as a sincerely appreci- 
ated service. The new edition will no 
doubt find its way into many hearts and 
homes. — R. L. E. 

IN A SUNLIT LAND— THE 
AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF 
JOHN A. WIDTSOE 
(Deseret News Press, Salt Lake City. 
301 pages. 63 photographs. $3.00.) 
Tn A Sunlit Land is the autobiography 
of Dr. John A. Widtsoe. Since he 
is so widely known as an eminent edu- 
cator, lecturer, scientist, public servant, 
benefactor of youth, and — greatest of 
all — an Apostle of the Lord Jesus Christ, 
this book will find a welcome spot in 
the libraries and the hearts of a multi- 
tude of his friends and admirers. It 
is beautifully illustrated and attractively 
bound. The sixty-three photographs, 
as well as the printed pages, chronicle 
his life's activities. 

The narrative is written in Dr. Widt- 
soe's interesting, vivid, terse style. The 
volume contains numerous anecdotes, 
giving it a personal touch. 

Through the reading of this book, 
one relives the numerous experiences 
which marked the growth of both 
Church and state during the first half 
of the twentieth century, since Dr. 
Widtsoe's life was an integral part of 
both. In fact, the story of his life 
vividly delineates the highlights of the 
development of both day farming and 
irrigation in the arid West, the growth 

836 



of education in Utah, and the progress 
of the Church during that time. 

In addition to having directed an 
agricultural experiment station, he 
served as president of two of Utah's 
leading universities — the Utah State 
Agricultural College and the University 
of Utah; and during more than a quar- 
ter of a century his entire efforts have 
been devoted to the Church, serving 
as an Apostle. His literary productions 
have been prolific. Many of his books 
and other publications on dry farming 
and irrigation have been translated in- 
to numerous foreign languages and 
used in schools of various lands 
throughout the world; and he has lived 
long enough to see many of his dreams 
fulfilled in the educational field and 
Utah attain the rank of first place in 
the nation in her educational achieve- 
ments. — Milton R. Hunter 

AN UNDERSTANDABLE 
RELIGION 

(John A. Widtose. Deseret Book Co., 
Salt Lake City. Reprint 1952. $2.00.) 
'"The title of this book indicates the 
subject matter that has been in- 
cluded in the twenty-two succinct yet 
explicit chapters of this volume. Such 
pertinent questions as: What Is God? 
What Is Man? Why Should There Be 
Ordinances in Religion? and many 
others are answered with painstaking 
care. Such topics as Religion and Mar- 
riage, Religion and the Family, The 
Kingdom of God, and many other salient 
subjects receive careful treatment to 
enable the earnest student to learn the 
essential doctrine of the Church. 

— M. C. /. 

"WILL A MAN ROB GOD?" 
(Milton R. Hunter. Deseret News Press, 
Salt Lake City. 1952. 296 pages. $3.00.) 
T-Tere at last is the first extensive study, 
expertly documented, and in lan- 
that every Latter-day Saint can under- 
stand, which fills the long-felt need 
for a clear explanation of tithing, taxes, 
and take-home pay. "Will A Man Rob 
God?" is one of those semi-textbooks that 
can be read backward as well as for- 
ward. It can be read forward for the 
inspirational counsel stated and quoted 
on every page, and backward, from time 
to time, for verifying the pattern of the 
revelations to men through the ages 
concerning "the Lord's tenth." To serve 
teachers, students, and missionaries, the 
volume is completed with an exhaus- 
tive index, with references, ancient and 
modern, that firmly establish the law 
of tithing.— H. L. 



GEORGE THE HANDCART BOY 

(Howard R. Driggs. Illustrated by J. 
Rulon Hales. Aladdin Books, New York. 
1952. 80 pages. $2.00.) 
HPhis is one of the Aladdin books which 
are among the very best children's 
books on the market. Moreover, they 
are so written and the contents are of 
such a character that grownups as well 
as children can read them with profit. 
Dr. Howard R. Driggs is doing the 
country real service with Western his- 
tory which he makes in several volumes 
of the Aladdin series. — /. A. W. 

CALL OF THE PROPHETS 
(Herbert Rona. Visual Arts Co. Salt 
Lake City. 1952) 

HPhe wealth of Church literature that 
stems from the Book of Mormon 
story has been used again in this fic- 
tionalized historical drama based upon 
six scenes from that book of ancient 
American scripture. They make inter- 
esting arm-chair readings, these dramatic 
episodes, ranging from Jared's brother, a 
builder of ships, to Samuel the Lamanite 
prophet, and these scenes gain in ef- 
fective power when used as the author 
suggests — for home evening programs 
and for other small groups of Church 
gatherings. — A. L. Z., Jr. 

THE GREAT ENTERPRISE 
(H. A. Overstreet. W. W. Norton Co., 
Inc., New York. 1952. 332 pages. $3.50.) 
HpHE author points out that his pur- 
pose is to assist in the psychological 
growing up of persons. His work is 
divided into two parts; Part one "ex- 
amines the qualities we must have . . . 
if we are to grow into livable relation- 
ships with our fellows"; part two "ex- 
amines the qualities of understanding 
and concern we need if we are to re- 
late ourselves soundly and productively 
to this age in which we live." The book 
is stimulating and should prove valuable 
reading to leaders who wish to help 
direct activities as well as to the person 
who sincerely wishes to improve himself. 

— M. C. /. 
WRITING BOOKS FOR BOYS 
AND GIRLS 

(Edited by Helen Ferris. Doubleday & 
Co. Inc., Garden City, New York. 1952. 
320 pages. $2.98.) 

"TPwo hundred sixteen authors for young 
1 readers tell in this book how they 
came to write the special kind of books. 
The book is divided into three sections 
of writers: writing for the six-to eight- 
year-olds, for the nine- to eleven-year- 
olds, and for the twelve- to sixteen -year- 
olds. In addition there is a stirring in- 
troduction by Helen Ferris on "Young 
Reader's Choice." 

The bits that the authors wrote will 
prove stimulating to the prospective 
writer, particularly in sources from 
which they were stimulated to write. 

— M. C. /. 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



We're forever blowing bubbles . . . 



©„Q. 







B 



LOWING bubbles, an age-old symbol for idle 
pastimes, has turned out to be the key to one of 
Utah's greatest industries. 

For without the magic of bubbles, it is quite 
possible that the mountain of low-content copper 
ore at the Utah Copper Bingham Mine could not 
be profitably processed. Many years were spent 
searching for a better method of removing the 99% 
worthless material in Utah Copper ore. Finally 
Daniel C. Jackling and his associates helped perfect 
the flotation process. 

How does flotation work? The flotation depart- 
ments at the Utah Copper mills at Magna and 
Arthur contain hundreds of vats full of a mixture 
of water, chemicals and powdered ore flowing from 
one vat to the other. Billions of bubbles are" created 
by a "frother" chemical and by violently stirring 
the mixture. The copper particles attach themselves 



to the surface of these bubbles, ride them to the top 
of the vat where they "float" over the side. Water 
is removed from this product which then goes to the 
smelter. The worthless material "sinks" to the 
bottom of the vats and goes out to the tailings pond. 

Thus a new ore milling method was born, born 
of bubbles! Thus did flotation help make possible 
the great Utah Copper enterprise which today 
accounts for 30% of the nation's newly mined cop- 
per. In excess of $120,000,000 annually is expended 
by Utah Copper for payrolls, tax payments, supply 
purchases and other expenses, the benefits of which 
reach into every home in every city, town and farm 
in our state. 

Directly or indirectly YOU, your family and 
all Utahns benefit by this continual "blowing of 
bubbles." 



UTAH COPPER DIVISION 

KENNECOTT COPPER CORPORATION 



A GOOD NEIGHBOR HELPING 



TO BUILD A BETTER UTAH 



NOVEMBER 1952 



837 




^TWO-FISTED JOURNALISM 



Two-fisted journalism is essential to the national welfare 
in these dangerous times. The trouble with two-fisted journal- 
ism is that it often means Yellow Journalism— vicious and irre- 
sponsible. 

FORTNIGHT believes in being "two-fisted" when circum- 
stances warrant and when it knows what it's talking about. 
We pick our enemies (causes and individuals alike) with care; 
then seek to expose them within strict limitations of fair play 
and good taste. 

This is no easy assignment. 

Judging from correspondence with readers and from the 
fact that FORTNIGHT is now the second fastest growing maga- 
zine in the nation, our particular kind of "two-fisted journalism" 
seems to be widely appreciated. 

May we suggest for yourself and for your friends, a gift 
of FORTNIGHT for 1953. Here is a handy subscription coupon. 



^Fortnight 

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The Church Moves On 



FORTNIGHT 

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1 E President David O. 
companied by his 



(Concluded from page 784) 

McKay ac- 
counselors, 
President Stephen L Richards and Presi- 
dent J. Reuben Clark, Jr., inspected the 
construction site of the Los Angeles 
Temple. Later this week the excavation 
for the basement and foundations were 
completed, except for some tidying up 
by hand labor. 

O A The appointment of Elder Francis 
A. Child as director of the Mission 
Home was announced. Elder Child, 
former president of the Western States 
Mission, and at this appointment, a 
member of the Ben Lomond (Utah) 
Stake presidency, succeeds the late Elder 
Don B. Colton. 



1 Elder Harold B. Lee of the Coun- 
cil of the Twelve delivered the 
"Faith in Action" radio address over 
the National Broadcasting Company. 
His subject was: "Security Through 
Faith." 

El Paso Stake, 194 in the roll call of 
stakes of the Church, was organized 
from portions of the Mt. Graham Stake, 
Western States Mission, and Spanish- 
American Mission. Sustained as stake 
president was Elder Edward V. Turley. 
His counselors are Elders George Q. 
Payne and Keith Romney, Sr. The new 
stake comprises the El Paso (Texas) 
First and Second wards, and the Las 
Cruces (New Mexico) Ward, which 
was formerly a branch, of the Mt. 
Graham Stake; El Paso Third Ward, 
which was formerly a branch of the 
Spanish-American Mission; and the fol- 
lowing from the Western States Mission: 
Alamogordo Branch, Silver City, which 
now becomes a ward, Carlsbad Branch, 
and the Deming Sunday School, which 
now becomes a branch. The member- 
ship of the Hatch and the Hot Springs 
(Truth or Consequences) Sunday 
Schools were added to the Las Cruces 
Ward. Elders Harold B. Lee and Spen- 
cer W. Kimball of the Council of the 
Twelve were in charge of organizing 
this stake, which has a membership of 
2050 members. 



Bulls-Eye 



838 



(Continued from page 796) 

It had been punctured beyond re- 
pair. Did Jim go to Sunday School 
next Sunday? No, but it wasn't long 
until he started sending his little 
daughter, and before Bill moved 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



away, Jim had gone a few times, and 
he was beginning to realize that it 
was as important as washing his 
neck. 

?|C rj* ?J? *p ^» 

Betty Jean was a very pretty girl, 
both in face and figure. She was a 
lot of fun to have along in the crowd 
too. One day, at a party, she met 
Ed, a newcomer to the group. Ed 
had traveled a great deal as his father 
had held a government post that re- 
quired constant travel. However, his 
father had resigned his post and had 
entered private law practice with Ed 
as his junior partner. It didn't take 
Ed long to decide that Betty Jean 
was a very interesting girl and so he 
made a date to take her to a movie. 
After the show, they had a soda and 
upon arriving at Betty Jean's home 
he asked for a good-night kiss. Betty 
Jean took the request for a compli- 
ment and thanked him for it as such 
but gently refused the kiss. However, 
she told him that she had enjoyed the 
evening and hoped to see him again 
soon. Ed took her out several times 
after that, and they both enjoyed it 
more each time. After several weeks 
had passed, Ed again asked her for a 
good-night kiss. Again Betty Jean 
gently refused. Ed, at a total loss, 
finally asked: "What's the deal, Betty 
Jean, have I got two heads or some- 
thing?" 

Betty Jean didn't need four shots 
to hit the bulls -eye. Two did it. 

"Do you think that your mother 
kissed all of the boys that she went 
out with?" 

"Of course not," came the reply 
instantly. 

"Well, I do think it would be nice 
to kiss you, Ed, but I'm saving my 
kisses for the time when I'm sure that 
it is exactly the right boy, and he is 
sure that I'm the right girl." 

Perfect bulls-eye for Betty Jean. 
You guessed it. She's now Mrs. Ed. 
When Ed left her that night, he went 
right home and woke his father up 
and said, 

"Dad, I know it should wait till 
morning, but I have to tell you about 
a certain girl. I have to tell you 
right now. After seeing girls all over 
the country, when I found one who 
respects herself as much as Betty Jean 
does, I know she is the one for me. 
The reason I woke you up tonight 
was to tell you about it. I won't have 
time during the day. I've got to 
work fast. I can't take a chance on 
losing her." 

(Concluded on following page) 
NOVEMBER 1952 




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839 



(Concluded from preceding page) 
Here's one I like a lot. True, too. 
Of course, the name is changed for a 
good reason, but don't ever forget 
the shot that hit the bulls-eye. 

Some people think that Satan will 
fight fairly or abide by the rules, 
his promises, or the promises of his 
agents. I want to tell you that this 
isn't true. He will use any means 
from social pressure to brute force to 
gain his ends and I honestly believe 
that one of the reasons that he fails 
as often as he does is because of the 
class of help that he has. 



BULLS-EYE 

This incident occurred deep down 
in the hold of one of Uncle Sam's 
heavy cruisers. There is a strict rule 
in the navy against bringing liquor 
aboard the ship but the rule is often 
broken, and George suddenly found 
himself in a compartment with six 
or seven fellows who had been pass- 
ing a bottle around. George hadn't 
been gifted with a six foot, two hun- 
dred pound frame. In fact he was 
just large enough to get into the navy. 
Some of the fellows knew that George 
didn't drink, and with a couple of 
drinks under their own belts, it 





STEEL AND ELECTRICITY work hand in hand to speed Production for 
Freedom, as suggested by this picture of a steel transmission tower 
in the Golden Gate area near San Francisco. Since the war, United 
States Steel has spent more than a billion dollars in expanding and 
improving its steel-producing facilities,' and is currently engaged 
in a continuing expansion program which will help to assure America 
a plentiful supply of vital steel in the future. Only steel can do so 
many jobs so well.. 



■naaBL 

3i:l 



840 



seemed to them that George's atti- 
tude was a reflection upon them. He 
tried to pass through the compart- 
ment, but one of the larger fellows 
laid a hand on George's shoulder and, 
taking the flask in the other hand, 
said, 

"You've got your choice, Georgie, 
either take a drink out of this flask 
or I'll kick you in the shins as hard 
as I can and smash the bottle over 
your head." 

One has to have had the experi- 
ence of being locked in a cold, hard, 
steel, compartment, four or five decks 
below the fresh air level, with such 
a group, to understand the pressure 
to which George was being subjected. 
More than one man has been carried 
out of such a place and entered in 
sick bay or the morgue with a nota- 
tion about falling down a hatch go- 
ing on his records. 

George looked down without an- 
swering and the ringleader bellowed, 

"What's the matter? Aren't you 
man enough to take a drink?" 

Figuratively, George raised his 
"rifle." 

"Do you call those wine bums we 
saw on Main Street in Los Angeles 
men?" 

"What's that got to do with it?" 

George knew that when dealing 
with men who had been drinking, 
that things had to be plainly put, 
and so he made his bulls -eye as he 
replied, 

"It doesn't take a man to drink. 
Anyone, no matter how badly shot 
he is can take a drink as long as he 
can lift the glass. A lot of those fel- 
lows aren't man enough to turn a 
drink down. They call them alco- 
holics. It takes a better man to turn 
a drink down than it does to take it. 
I'm man enough to turn a drink down 
before it takes me down. How many 
of you guys are man enough to turn 
a drink down that you don't want?" 

The ringleader hesitated. His old 
standby phrase had developed a sud- 
den leak, and he had nothing to fall 
back on. George walked out of that 
compartment, and as he left, one of 
the fellows piped up, 

"To think of the number of drinks 
I took that I didn't really want. I 
was just making a bum out of myself 
instead of showing I was a man. That 
guy who just went out of here is a 
better, man than any of us." 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



(Continued from page 805) 
mantel, vivid in red, blue, and yellow 
on a white background. One of her 
own rugs lay before it, and Mother 
Dunn never failed to point these out 
to visitors. The cleanliness and com- 
fort and all these richnesses seemed 
patterns of delight for any Navajo. 

Tt was true that her beliefs had 
changed. She could no longer 
think the Sun-Bearer carried the sun 
across the sky each day to hang, it 
in the house of the Turquoise 
Woman. The clouds were no longer 
people, the trees and the crickets and 
the elements. There was no doubt 
that in these ways she was a traitor, 
a deserter of her family. Skipping 
Rock's letter burned with their need 
for her. 

Vou seem sad and thoughtful this 
morning, Linnet," said her father, 
looking at her keenly. His gaze, kind 
and penetrating, seemed to read her 
very thoughts. She had not meant 
to say out her worries, but the words 
came, nevertheless, under his concern. 

"I think I must go home to my 
people." 

They all stopped eating and looked 
at her with great question. 

"Yah! You can't do that," pro- 
tested Johnny loudly. "You'll wreck 
your school marks." 

"I would not be coming back to 
school," Linnie told him. 

"Is it because you are homesick?" 
Mother asked. 

"You know we promised to take 
you home to visit whenever you 
wished," reminded her father. 

There was goodness and truth in 
their faces. Was it that she felt un- 
loved, they asked. They loved her; 
they wanted her with them. They 
wanted the best for her. They were 
proud of her as they would be of their 
own daughter. 

"I must go home," she said wretch- 
edly, not wanting to hurt them, sud- 
denly remembering all their goodness, 
the clothes they had bought for her, 
the gifts at Christmas time, her 
beautiful room, the expense of nurses 
and doctors and the hospital when 
she had pneumonia last year. Most 
of all she remembered their kindness, 
their love, and the opportunity to 
learn. 

"Not with Christmas just two weeks 
off," they protested. "We had such 
NOVEMBER 1952 



THE NEW SONG 

fun last year, and you loved it, Lin- 
nie." 

Yes, she had loved it, the gaiety, 
the singing, the wonderful food, and 
the gifts, but thinking of them now 
only whetted the poverty at home. 

"We do not have Christmas at 
home," she said. "It is another day, 
and not a part of our religion. Some- 
times we go to the trading post. 
Straight Man has a tree and gifts 
for the children. The people love 
it because it is the getting of some- 



thing for nothing, but it has no place 
in our ceremonies. It is much like 
our chants. Santa Claus with his 
mask is like our Ye-i with theirs. We 
are to think them holy men, but as 
we grow older we see that it is the 
legs of a brother or an uncle below 
the costume, and the meaning is 
lost." 

"But there is a deeper meaning to 

Christmas, Linnet," they told her, 

reminding her of Mary and the 

(Continued on following page) 




841 




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The New Song 



842 



(Continued from preceding page) 
child, Jesus, who was born in a 
place as humble as a Navajo ho- 
gan. It was a story not to be de- 
nied, because it was written, and it 
seemed very real and understandable 
because of the shepherds. Her own 
people tended the flocks. When they 
told her of his love when he grew up 
and became a light unto the world, 
she thought of Dawn Boy and the 
worship of light among the Navajos. 
When they told her how he lost him- 
self in thinking of others, she knew 
his was the right way because that 
was the Navajo way. 

"I have been thinking of myself," 
she said. "I have not thought of my 
people. That is why I must go home 
and help them. I have been weaving 
a pattern for my own life and am a 
traitor to the pattern of my people." 

"We feel that your own pattern 
will help your people most, not now, 
but in the coming years," Father 
Dunn told her. "Nevertheless, you 
are free to choose, and you must think 
well before you decide. If you go 
home, your place among us will be 
kept always so that you may come 
back if you wish." 

In the end she went home. She 
took nothing of her new clothes or 
her gifts — her machine-made loom 
and the beautiful clean yarn, her 
music books and her paints. There 
would be no use for them there. There 
was no place in the family hogan for 
personal belongings. It was no 
larger for them all than her own bed- 
room — an eight-sided room made of 
smoke- darkened logs, with no win- 
dows, the door always open to the 
east, and the smoke hole in the center 
of the roof, which was not much 
higher than their heads. Each had 
the clothes he wore, the blanket which 
was both bed and overcoat, and each 
had a sheep pelt upon which to sleep, 
to be rolled up at day. 

Mother was the authority, she and 
her brothers. The south side of the 
hogan was hers. There she kept her 
loom and her cooking pans, and her 
broom made of stiff grasses. She 
kept her turquoise and silver jewelry 
in little holes, buried under her sheep 
pelt, and ever near her precious sew- 
ing materials. Father kept his sad- 
dle and his silver work on the north 
side. The fire was in the middle. 

Linnet closed her mind against the 

things she left behind, the privacy 

(Continued on page 844) 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 





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THE NEW SONG 



31 Richards Street 

844 



Salt Lake City, Utah 



(Continued from page 842) 
and cleanliness, her many posses- 
sions, her choice to develop in her 
own way, with no pattern thrust up- 
on her. Her dreams raveled out be- 
hind her with the fences that flew 
by the bus window, to a line as thin 
as the road behind. Bleakness and 
emptiness only were left, and the 
numbness of dedication. 



She changed to her native dress 
at the trading post, fearing to affront 
her family with her Biligahni clothes. 
Once she had been very proud of this 
dress; she still was, as a native cos- 
tume, the velvet skirt ten yards 
around, the tasseled sash, and the 
high-necked, long-sleeved plush jack- 
et. Now she felt overdressed. Straight 
Man drove her out to Gray Hills in 



fe 



^J^rarbonna \_Juv> ^Afuds 



} f 



RICHARD L. EVANS 



^\\o doubt the course of history has many times been altered 
because someone has had his feelings hurt. There are 
some classic examples that suggest themselves, one such at 
the siege of Troy with Achilles sulking in his tent. But 
for every such that has been publicly cited, there are millions 
more where the lives of people have been blighted, some 
seriously and some superficially, because someone has had 
hurt feelings. It is true that there are thoughtless people; 
cruel people; inconsiderate people; blunt, undiplomatic, 
roughshod people who often do things the wrong way and 
who often deal with men the wrong way. Men being as 
they are, imperfect as they are, so long as we brush up 
against them, sometimes we are going to have our feelings 
hurt, even when others don't know they have hurt us. There 
isn't one of us who hasn't been hurt, intentionally or other- 
wise. But if too easily we assume a martyr's role, if we 
nurture and magnify our hurts far beyond their original 
stature or intent, if we let our lives be blighted, if we with- 
draw ourselves from fellowship and from activity, we do 
serious damage to ourselves, our families, our friends, and 
to the causes we might have served. We have learned that 
we recover from certain kinds of surgery much sooner if 
we are active and on our feet, and perhaps we should long 
since have learned that we can cure hurt feelings much 
sooner if we don't nurse them too long, if we don't sulk an 
unreasonable time in our tents. We can't stop the course 
of life or of living just because someone has hurt us. Life 
goes on whether we go with it or not, and sitting aside in 
hurt silence when there are things to be done is one unfor- 
tunate way of letting life waste way. We commend to all 
these words from an author unidentified: "In the very depths 
of your soul dig a grave; let it be as some forgotten spot to 
which no path leads; and there in the eternal silence bury 
the wrongs which you have suffered. Your heart will feel 
as if a load had fallen from it, and a divine peace come 
to abide with you." We do ourselves great damage if un- 
duly we harbor our hurts. And we shall find that many of 
them can better be healed out in the open and on our feet, 
as can some wounds and some surgery, by not languishing 
too long in injured inactivity. 

jL SpoLn WorJ FROM TEMPLE SQUARE 
PRESENTED OVER KSL AND THE COLUMBIA BROADCASTING 
SYSTEM, AUGUST 31, 1952 

Copyright, 1952 

THE IMPROVEMEl^r"ERA 



his truck. The bleak and barren 
hills put heaviness upon her spirit. 

Her family, sensing her mood, 
greeted her shyly. Her father and 
mother withheld their questions, fear- 
ing to make her unwelcome, and 
Skipping Rock would not meet her 
eyes with his shame. Only Little 
Brother welcomed her, sitting at her 
feet in worship. 

"You are very beautiful, I think," 
he said. "When you go back to the 
Biligahnis, I shall go with you, I 
think. I shall learn to build a dam 
as they do, that I may water my 
sheep." 

Little Woman smiled at him sadly. 
"I shall not go back," she said. 

"She shall go to the dances in the 
month of Tall Corn," said her father. 
"We shall find her a husband." 

When she saw the sparse meal of 
mutton and tough bread which her 
mother prepared for the family, she 
felt shame to take a share. 

"Each year the sheep are less," 
explained her mother, sensing her re- 
luctance. "Our lands are becoming 
barren. It is not as in the old days, 
when we were rich with our sheep 
and our silver." 

After the almost speechless meal, 
which was punctuated only by nerv- 
ous giggles, she brought the great 
comb of stiff grasses to her mother 
and asked to have her hair bound 
in the tribal bun. The simple act 
lessened the tension. 

She lay long that night, staring 
at the walls of cedar logs where the 
light of the dying fire touched red. 
She could not sleep. Her sacrifice 
seemed gone for nothing. No one 
saw or guessed her exaltation of pur- 
pose. In her heaviness she turned on 
her back to look at the stars through 
the smoke hole. Her mother was 
kneeling beside her, her eyes speaking 
an eloquence of love and tenderness. 

(To be concluded) 



Albert E. Bowen 

(Continued from page 795) 
has become a valued book: Constancy 
Amid Change. And he himself has 
become beloved, respected, and ap- 
preciated throughout the wide reaches 
of the wards and stakes and mis- 
sions. 

As to some personal impressions: 
Albert E. Bowen has a rare and won- 
derful humor, not overdone, but in 

(Concluded on following page) 
NOVEMBER 1952 




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ALBERT E. BOWEN 



{Concluded from preceding page) 
the tenseness of meetings and in pri- 
vate conversation and company the 
incisive thrust of his sharp, quick 
comment is likely to clarify confusion, 
and to bring the discussion back to 
its real point and purpose, often to 
be followed by tension-relieving 
laughter. And it is not a common 
or a "canned" humor — not the tell- 
ing of other peoples' stories — but his 
own succinctly suitable observations. 

On first knowing, or on insufficient 
knowing, some may assume that he 
is formal and even formidable, but 
under this gentlemanly formality and 
sincere reserve are a warm affection 
and an understanding heart, and 
even at times a wistfulness. Some- 
times when he has been particularly 
discouraged with some situation or 
disillusioned by some set of circum- 
stances, he has been heard with wry 
half-humor and half -seriousness to 
say, "Sometimes I wish I had never 
left the farm." 

He is a defender of the oppressed 
and of the falsely and the quickly ac- 
cused. He will rise indignantly 
against hearsay and determinedly dis- 
count and discourage loose talk and 
gossip and false and superficial as- 
sumption. He hates character assassi- 
nation and the judging and misjudging 
of men who are given no opportu- 
nity to answer their accusers or to 
defend themselves. He has been 
known to rise in wrath against those 
who loosely accuse others. He is 



tenacious for generous but just judg- 
ment. He is loyal to friends, and 
when they go to him in their need, 
he is not voluble in saying what he 
may or will do for them, but they 
may know that having presented a 
just problem before him, they have 
in him a tenacious defender in any 
council or court. 

Had Brother Bowen been of a 
seeking temperament he might have 
gone far in public position. But 
his has been the success of sheer merit, 
hard work, of a keen mind, of a 
great character, of a love of truth, 
of an earnest appraisal of real things, 
and discriminating devotion to the 
lasting values of life. 

He is a princely and an uncommon 
man, who has shown the strength 
and accomplishment of a steady, 
straight, consistent course, and his 
career is an encouraging example to 
those who are willing to work, who 
are tenacious for truth, and who have 
worthy ultimate objectives, no matter 
how late in life they may begin or 
how long it may take to see the de- 
sired end. 

Albert E. Bowen offers an inspira- 
tion to the young people of this gen- 
eration for what he has done since 
he left a log cabin on a frontier farm, 
steadily to pursue his purposes, and 
accepted each call of his Church. 
He had achieved high aims and ends 
by means never hasty, never deviating 
from a course of quiet, consistent 
courage, and devotion to truth. 



THE SUPREME COURT DECISION IN THE STEEL CASE 



{Continued from page 807) 

A constitutional democracy like ours is 
perhaps the most difficult of a man's social 
arrangements to manage successfully. Our 
scheme of society is more dependent than 
any other form of government on knowledge 
and wisdom and self-discipline for the 
achievement of its aims. For our democracy 
implies the reign of reason on the most ex- 
tensive scale. 



Our forefathers chose this form of 
government to preserve us from 
autocracy. But difficult though our 
system is to manage, we know that it 
yields the greatest blessings of any 
form of government on the face of 
the earth. Justice Frankfurter con- 
tinued with these timely observations: 



846 



Not so long ago it was fashionable to find 
our system of checks and balances ob- 
structive to effective government. It was 
easy to ridicule that system as outmoded — 
too easy. The experience through which 
the world has passed in our own day has 
made vivid the realization that the Framers 
of our Constitution were not inexperienced 
doctrinaires. These long-headed statesmen 
had no illusion that our people enjoyed 
biological or psychological or sociological 
immunities from hazards of concentrated 
power. It is absurd to see a dictator in a 
representative product of the sturdy demo- 
cratic traditions of the Mississippi Valley. 
The accretion of dangerous power does 
not come in a day. It does come, however 
slowly, from the generative force of un- 
checked disregard of the restrictions that 
fence in even the most disinterested asser- 
tion of authority. 

{Concluded on following page) 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Justice Frankfurter's opinion, which 
is the longest of the six concurring 
opinions, dwelt at length, deliberate- 
ly, to remind us that we must not 
seek shortcuts in government pro- 
cedure which tend to circumvent the 
constitutionally apportioned powers 
among the three respective arms of 
the government. 

A scheme of Government like ours no 
doubt at times feels the lack of power to 
act with complete, all-embracing, swiftly 
moving authority. No doubt a government 
with distributed authority, subject to be 
challenged in the courts of law, at least long 
enough to consider and adjudicate the chal- 
lenge, labors under restrictions from which 
other governments are free. It has not been 
our tradition to envy such governments. In 
any event, our government was designed to 
have such restrictions. The price was deemed 
not too high in view of the safeguards 
which these restrictions afford. I know no 
more impressive words on this subject than 
those of Mr. Justice [Louis D.] Brandeis: 

"The doctrine of the separation of powers 
was adopted by the Convention of 1787, 
not to promote efficiency but to preclude 
the exercise of arbitrary power. The pur- 
pose was, not to avoid friction, but, by 
means of the inevitable friction incident 
to the distribution of the governmental 
powers among three departments, to save 
the people from autocracy." 

(Myers v. United States, 272 U.S. 52, 
240, 293.) 

From Justice William O. Douglas, 
one of the most "liberal" members of 
the court, came these significant 
words : 



We pay a price for our system of checks 
and balances, for the distribution of power 
among the three branches of the govern- 
ment. It is a price that today may seem 
exorbitant to many. Today a kindly Presi- 
dent uses the seizure power to effect a 
wage increase and to keep the steel furnaces 
in production. Yet tomorrow another Presi- 
dent might use the same power to prevent 
a wage increase, to curb trade unionists, to 
regiment labor as oppressively as industry 
thinks it has been regimented by this 
seizure. 

Along with his five associates, Jus- 
tice Robert H. Jackson wrote: 

With all its defects, delays and incon- 
veniences, men have discovered no tech- 
nique for long preserving free government 
except that the Executive be under the law, 
and that law be made by parliamentary de- 
liberations. 

It is not too much to conclude, in 
our appraisal of the steel decision, 
that it will rank among the greatest 
pronouncements of the court in nearly 

(Concluded on following page) 
NOVEMBER 1952 



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THE SUPREME COURT DECISION IN THE STEEL CASE 



(Concluded from preceding page) 
165 years of existence. Certainly, it 
is the most important ruling in a 
decade and a half. It should mark 
the path for those who falter in try- 
ing to relate the Constitution to an 
atomic age. Perhaps, best of all, the 
decision will be a powerful deterrent 



to the modern trend of "government 
by decree," and the tendency of 
ascribing new powers to the executive 
branch, which already threatens to 
dominate the legislative and judicial 
branches that are equally vital to 
free men. 



*Jhe Jsp 



%p 



h 



mponance 



or l^rincipU 



es 

•ilCHARD L EVANS 



848 



Perhaps it would not be amiss again to remind ourselves 
that every man should have a set of sound principles to 
which he can turn when any proposal is presented to him. 
When a person has a sound and acceptable set of principles, 
the everyday decisions of life are much less difficult. In 
some respects, perhaps, the problem could be compared to 
the procedure on a playing field: If a referee knows the rules, 
if he knows the principle that covers each play, he can im- 
mediately settle each situation. But if he doesn't know, or 
if he doesn't definitely decide, or if for any reason he departs 
from the rules of play, he finds himself in an embarrassing 
and untenable situation. Expediency sometimes persuades 
people to meet pressing problems by compromising princi- 
ples. But the part we sometimes forget is this: When once 
we have compromised a correct principle for any purpose, 
however justified it may seem at the moment, we are there- 
after embarrassed by it. We and others can always look 
back and see that one exception was made, and if one was 
made, why not another? No matter what the pressure, no 
matter what the advantages, no matter who the personalities, 
it is always unfortunate when any person moves beyond the 
bounds of ethics or honor or honesty. It is always unfortu- 
nate when a person's principles become too flexible to be 
trusted, when a person is persuaded to step just a bit beyond 
safe bounds — for if he takes one step beyond bounds, why 
can't he take two? And if he takes two, where can he stop? 
The fact is that when a person has once stepped beyond the 
bounds, he has made the next stopping point difficult to 
determine. And this is where basic virtues and proved princi- 
ples play an indispensable part: They establish the point 
beyond which one knows he cannot safely proceed. Life 
can be simpler, safer, and more satisfying if a person has 
a sound set of principles from which no preferment or profit 
or persuasion could induce him to depart. 

Uke Spoken lA/om from temple square 

PRESENTED OVER KSL AND THE COLUMBIA BROADCASTING 

SYSTEM, SEPTEMBER 7, 1952 

Copyright, 1952 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




^ 



Corresponding With Young Men 
Who Are Away From Home 

We are living in a day when thou- 
sands of young men who hold 
either the Aaronic or Melchize- 
dek Priesthood are away from home 
for months at a time. Their so- 
journ even extends into years. Some 
of the members of the Church who 
hold no priesthood are also in this 
group. Primarily as a result of the 
Korean war, these young men are 
scattered from one end of the world 
to the other in military camps, and 
many of them are on the battlefield. 
Also, thousands of them are away 
from their homes attending univer- 
sities in the various centers of learning 
throughout the land. The problem 
is even more critical at the present 
time since the majority of these boys 
are very young, many of them still 
being in their teens. 

One of the most vital assignments 
which the General Authorities have 
given to the presidents of the Mel- 
chizedek Priesthood quorums is to 
correspond at least once each month 
with every member of their respec- 
tive quorums who are away from 
home, regardless of the reasons for 
their being away. A similar assign- 
ment has been given to the bishop- 
rics of the various wards throughout 
the Church. They are responsible 
for the holders of the Aaronic Priest- 
hood in particular and for all ward 
members in general. Since at the 
present time a vast majority of the 
young men in military service are 
of the Aaronic Priesthood age, hence 
in their tender years, the need is even 
greater for them to be corresponded 
with than it would be if they were 
older, more mature, and more firmly 
grounded in the faith. 

A study of the recent reports of 
the Melchizedek Priesthood quorums 
indicates that only a relatively small 
portion of the quorum members who 
are away from home at the present 
time are being corresponded with by 
their quorum presidencies. The 
negligence in not fulfilling this assign- 
ment is evident; therefore, the Gen- 
eral Authorities once again strongly 
NOVEMBER 1952 



^ 



urge the leadership throughout the 
stakes and wards to take this assign- 
ment seriously and not to let any 
more time pass before setting up an 
active correspondence with absent 
members. 

Tf this assignment were faithfully 
carried out, an untold amount of 
good would result. It is certain that 
these letters would be most welcome 
to the lonesome young men who are 
away from home during an extended 
period perhaps for the first time in 
their lives. Furthermore, it would 
take very little time for the presi- 
dents of Melchizedek Priesthood quo- 
rums to write the letters; and the re- 
sults of such correspondence would 
be of untold value. The same facts 
hold true in regard to bishoprics. 
Only a few moments' time now and 
then devoted to writing letters might 
result in saving the souls of many of 
the youth of the Church. These 
lonesome boys are young and in- 
experienced. The military service 
has thrown them into an environment 




Air Mail to the Pacific 

By Bess Hagaman Tefft 



T^ARLING, 

*-*' I want to tell you what he did 
today. 

You had so little time to be with him. 

I felt you were annoyed by the way 

He pushed your block-towers down, 
for you would say, 

"He's so destructive! Please watch 
Daddy, Jim!" 

You looked at me with eyes half 
hiding fears. 

I murmured, "He's a baby, after all, 

And fourteen months are nothing, 
gauged by years." 

I even fought to hide my rising tears 

That you should think our child, so 
sweet, so small, 

Had bred in him the hour's destruc- 
tive seed. 

And so, I'm happily reporting now 

Today I watched and did not inter- 
cede: 

He fashioned his own tower without 
need 

Of help, for you had shown him how! 



to which they are unaccustomed, and 
in some instances are not able to 
cope with, without moral support 
from those at home. A kindly word, 
a friendly letter from the bishop, 
from one of his counselors, from one 
of the members of the quorum presi- 
dencies, or from others designated to 
act in their behalf would serve as an 
anchor to the souls of these young 
men and would help greatly in tying 
them to the Church and in keeping 
them true to the faith and unspotted 
from the sins of the world. In fact, 
letters from the folk at home arriving 
at the psychological moment may save 
certain young men from many a 
dreaded pitfall. 

Since bishops are the fathers of the 
wards, it is recommended that they 
not only carry on a correspondence 
with members of the Aaronic Priest- 
hood of their respective wards but 
they could with much profit write 
letters to members of the Melchizedek 
Priesthood who are away from home, 
as well as to those who hold no 
priesthood. These letters also would 
have a far-reaching effect upon the 
lives of the men who received them. 

At least some of these letters could 
be written in the form of news- 
letters, keeping the young men in- 
formed regarding their friends and 
loved ones, telling what is going on 
in their home towns, in their quo- 
rums, and in the Church in general. 
Thus, the youth of the Church re- 
ceiving these letters would realize 
that those at home love them and 
have a deep concern over their wel- 
fare; and so they would be strength- 
ened in their efforts to live in such a 
way as to bring honor to their Church 
and to those at home. 

Since the results of such a cor- 
respondence are of vital importance in 
the lives of young men who are mem- 
bers of the Church and are away from 
home, and since there are so many 
thousands of them scattered through- 
out all parts of the world at the 
present time, the General Authori- 
ties of the Church urge bishoprics 
and quorum presidencies to be dili- 
gent and faithful in carrying out this 
assignment. May the Lord bless you 
in this important and worthy cause. 

849 



New Individual Aaronic Priesthood Awards Made Ready for 1952 



T ess than two months remain in which 
to qualify your young men for the 
Individual Aaronic Priesthood Award for 
1952. Are you doing all you can to pro- 
mote this part of the program? 

Unlike previous years when only 
Aaronic Priesthood bearers were rated, 
their leaders are being rated as well 
this year. The new ward and stake 
Aaronic Priesthood awards, reproduced 
on these pages in The Improvement 
Era last month, will tend to disclose 
strong and efficient leadership on both 
levels and will also indicate where 
leadership may be improved upon. 

In keeping with the progress in the 
award program, we have redesigned the 
award and changed the title from 
"Aaronic Priesthood Individual Certifi- 
cate of Award" to "Individual Aaronic 
Priesthood Award." The new awards 
for deacons, teachers, and priests are 
reproduced on this page. 

Again, we emphasize, particularly to 
bishoprics and coordinators, the neces- 
sity for making a single application on 
behalf of all eligible young men who 
are to receive the award. The necessity 
for this procedure grows out of the fact 
that immediately when the application 
is received, the ward is rated on the 
basis of percent of young men qualified. 
Then the total enrolled in the ward and 
the number qualifying are recorded to 
the credit of the stake, so that when all 
ward applications are in, we may rate 
the stake. It should be obvious that 
unless all eligibles are included in the 
first application, bookkeeping records 
will be rather seriously and unnecessar- 
ily complicated. 

Of necessity, new application blanks 
must be obtained when applying for 
individual awards for 1952. As in the 
past, each blank provides for fifteen 
names and is to be used for deacons, 
teachers, and priests. Please do not 
use any application blanks now on 
hand — destroy them. 

Stake leaders are urged to work with 
ward leaders in visits to wards and 
during priesthood leadership meetings 
to insure a thorough understanding of 
this recommended procedure. Stake 
leaders should actively supervise the 
making of applications for the awards 
by wards as soon as the year is ended 
in order that the eligibility of the stake 
to receive the stake Aaronic Priesthood 
award may be determined as soon as 
possible. 

850 




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Should Non-members of the Church Partake of the Sacrament 



f\urTE frequently we have inquiries 
^*- as to whether non-members of the 
Church sjhould partake of the sacra- 
ment when attending Latter-day Saint 
services where the sacrament is admin- 
istered. 

Under date of November 20, 1951, 
the First Presidency ruled on this matter 
as follows: 

To inquiries of this sort coming from 
officers in the Church, we reply to the fol- 
lowing effect: 

The effort has always been made by the 



Brethren to avoid hurting the feelings of 
investigators in the matter of partaking of 
the sacrament and sometimes investigators 
do partake of the sacrament, but the Breth- 
ren have always felt that in view of the 
statement of the Savior in III Nephi 18:5, 
the partaking of the sacrament by non- 
members is not only not authorized but 
has little or no real benefit for the non-mem- 
ber partaking of it. Some feel that there 
is implicit in the Savior's statement an in- 
hibition against non-members partaking of 
the sacrament. However, the responsibility 
of partaking or not partaking rests with 
the individual. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Itohoptto^age 




[Prepared bu cJ~.ee ^*t. f-^alr, 



mer 



Leaders Not to Solicit Funds 
From Members Residing 
In Other Wards Or Stakes 

ThXCEPT for financing the con- 
struction of temples and other 
projects where the membership of 
the Church is invited by the First 
Presidency to participate, mem- 
bers of the Church are not to be 
solicited for funds in any way or 
for any purpose by other than 
their own ward bishops and stake 
presidents. 

Full observance of these instruc- 
tions will be most helpful in over- 
coming some rather unpleasant 
situations where members of the 
Church residing in a given ward 
and stake have been solicited for 
contributions to finance projects in 
other wards and stakes. 



Aaronic Priesthood Members 
to Dress Appropriately 
for Sacrament Service 

HPhe apparent necessity for again of- 
fering suggestions concerning the 
appropriate form of dress while officiat- 
ing in the sacrament service suggests 
the possibility that more attention could 
and should be given this recommenda- 
tion. 

We quote the recent statement of 
President David O. McKay and again 
urge stake and ward Aaronic Priesthood 
leaders to give careful attention to his 
instructions and to follow them faith- 
fully during both Sunday School and 
sacrament meeting when the sacrament 
is served: 

While we do not attempt to regulate 
the manner in which those who admin- 
ister the sacrament should be dressed, 
it is felt necessary to suggest that sport 
shirts of loud colors and patterns, 
sweaters and coats of the same class, or 
any other unusual form of dress be 
avoided. 

The wearing of white or very light 
pastel-colored shirts is recommended for 
those who participate in the sacrament 
service. The wearing of coats and ties 
is always appropriate, though not oblig- 
atory. This is not a step toward formal- 
ity — it is only a precaution against such 
dress as is not in keeping with the sa- 
credness of the sacrament service. 
NOVEMBER 1952 



Aaronic Priesthood 

Need for Efficient 
Ushering Emphasized 

Tt is a general observation that Aaronic 
Priesthood members are not being 
given the assignment to act as ushers in 
our meetings as a regular assignment. 
Some wards are doing well in this 
project, but, for the most part, it is 
being rather seriously neglected. 

Our ward sacrament meetings should 
be provided especially with efficient 
ushering. Coordinators in both Aaronic 
Priesthood programs are urged to give 
this activity their special attention. As- 
sign Aaronic Priesthood members, both 
under and over twenty-one, to perform 
this friendly and helpful service and 
then teach them how to usher in our 
Church meetings. 

Stake committees, working with bish- 
oprics, could assist the stake presidency 
in providing Aaronic Priesthood mem- 
bers for usher duty for quarterly stake 
conference sessions. 

The matter of ushering should be 
given constant attention by both stake 
and ward leaders in both Aaronic 
Priesthood programs. 

Senior Members 

Discovery of Basic Needs 
Requires Great Skill 

'T'he challenge of a group adviser for 
senior members of the Aaronic Priest- 
hood is to say and do that which will 
cause the men assigned to him to be- 
come active in the Church and advance 
in the priesthood. 

His problem is to discover the basic 
need in each case or the point of inter- 
est and stay with it until it accomplishes 
his purpose. 

This key point is usually revealed to 
the alert group adviser who encourages 
the group member to talk while he lis- 
tens and watches. The group adviser 
who does all the talking usually does 
so in the dark as far as the real problem 
is concerned. 

Jesus was the great adviser, the Mas- 
ter Teacher. People of all classes 
sought his counsel. He healed their 
maimed bodies and their wounded spir- 
its. The discovery of a basic need was 
his opportunity for service. When peo- 
ple came to him for bread, he did not 



Ward Teaching 

learn to love Those 
in Need of Repentance 

VS7hen Jesus was questioned relative 
to the first commandment, he re- 
plied, "Thou shalt love the Lord thy 
God with all thy heart, and with all 
thy soul, and with all thy mind." (Matt. 
22:37.) Then, he went further, "And 
the second is like unto it, Thou shalt 
love thy neighbour as thyself." (Idem 
39.) 

It is a challenge to some ward teachers 
to observe fully the latter command- 
ment, yet it is vital to their success. It 
is not difficult for ward teachers to re- 
spect and love those who live in com- 
pliance wjith Church standards, but it 
is not so easy for them to maintain af- 
fection for those whose beliefs, conduct, 
habits, and ideals, do not measure up 
to Church standards. 

It requires tolerance on the part of 
ward teachers for the transgressor. The 
tolerance needed doesn't mean the ac- 
ceptance or endorsement of evil nor a 
compromising of standards and ideals, 
but a sympathetic understanding of, 
and forbearance for, the- weaknesses of 
individuals who yield to temptation and 
the power of habit. 

No one despised evil more than Jesus; 
yet he loved the sinner. He saw the 
potential worth of every repentant soul. 
To his critics he said, "They that are 
whole have no need of the physician, 
but they that are sick: I came not to 
call the righteous, but sinners to re- 
pentance." (Mark 2:17.) His example 
should be the pattern for every ward 
teacher to follow. When the ward 
teacher masters this virtue, he is begin- 
ning to magnify his calling. 



give" a stone. When they needed fish, 
he did not give a serpent. 

Superficially expressed desires nor 
minor surface problems did not deter 
nor distract him from supplying the 
healing balm to the real hurt nor of 
revealing the true, though sometimes 
hidden problems. 

The successful group adviser, like the 
Savior, will, through prayer, patience, 
and study seek to know the greatest 
need of each man assigned to him and 
then with true love lend himself whole- 
heartedly to the satisfaction of that need. 

851 




BASIC 

EQUIPMENT 

FOR 

WARD 

MOVIES 

Now, here is a complete basic 
equipment outfit that will fill all 
of your ward motion picture 
needs — at surprisingly modest 
cost: 

• Projector Bell & Howell 185cx model 

• Speaker Special 12-inch speaker 

which converts classroom unit 
into auditorium speaker 

• Two Projection Screens, one of ade- 

quate size for average ward 
amusement hall and a portable 
screen for classroom use 

TEACHERS welcome the help of 
movie instruction for a more ef- 
fective teaching program. There 
are special films available for 
Scouts, for MIA Maid and Ex- 
plorer groups, and for Special 
Interest groups. 

Plan a ward movie night for 
wholesome recreation. This 
equipment is also ideally suited 
for firesides, Primary and Sun- 
day School, special programs 
and a host of other uses. 



Please tell us how we can obtain this 
equipment for our ward. 

Size of amusement hall is 

Name 

Address 

City & State 

Ward Stake 

1 would like a complete list of 

films available for ward showing. 



Deseret 
Book Co, 



-x®« 



44 E. South Temple 
Salt Lake City 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF ANNIE SHACKLETON BOWEN 



(Continued from page 809) 
child was the first that had the privi- 
lege of entering school at the proper 
age. 

There was no ward choir in 
Samaria, and though there were many 
excellent voices, there was scarcely 
anybody that had the least knowledge 
of music, and there was no leader. 
After a while someone found out that 
my husband was well-qualified for 
such a post. (Indeed, his father and 
most of his brothers had been choir 
leaders at some time.) They re- 
quested him to organize a choir, and 



he certainily had a job on his hands. 
There were no books and no money 
to get any. I don't think there was 
a sheet of music in town except what 
we took with us. We used to spend 
hours in copying music. We fur- 
nished our own material, and I helped 
my husband all I could in this work. 
In a few months we had a passable 
choir. About this time they began 
to organize the Mutual Improvement 
Associations throughout the stakes, 
and my husband was chosen as presi- 
dent of the Young Men while I was 
(Concluded on page 854) 



vJn (/Salvia at \Jbtr iSest 

RICHARD L EVANS 

Perhaps most of us give way at times to actions and attitudes 
and utterances which we well know are below our best. 
But whenever we depart from being at our best, we must re- 
member that there are at least two things for which we are 
constantly accountable: One is the effect our attitudes and 
actions have on us, and the other is the effect our attitudes 
and actions have on others. Especially should we be mind- 
ful of the effect of our actions and utterances on young and 
impressionable people. By the time we have become adults, 
we ourselves may have acquired a solid set of standards from 
which we may feel that there is not much danger of depart- 
ing very far, and to which even if we do depart, it may 
seem rather easy to return — and we may think that occa- 
sional small lapses and laxities won't matter too much. But 
while these occasions or periods of letting down may for us 
be only passing departures, the impressions we implant in 
others may be permanent. Many a man who has said and 
done things that didn't seem to him to change his own well- 
settled standards and basic beliefs has found that the ex- 
ample of his words and his ways has changed his children 
and may have led them to permanent departures. Of course, 
we may presume privileges which we suppose belong to our 
years: We may presume that it is all right for us who are 
older to say and to do things that those who are younger 
shouldn't say and do. But even supposing that we ourselves 
could, on occasion, stray somewhat (but not too far, we 
think) from our standards and principles, or from our most 
acceptable selves, without seeming to hurt ourselves very 
much — even if it didn't hurt us (which is doubtful), still 
we must be mindful of the effects of what we do and say on 
others — because other people are influenced as much by us 
when we are at our worst as they are when we are at our 
best. For this reason, if for no other, it is important to be 
at our best.* 



'Revised. 



~yke S^pohen .l/i/ora. 

R KSL AND THE 
SYSTEM, SEPTEMBER 14, 1952 



FROM TEMPLE SQUARE 
PRESENTED OVER KSL AND THE COLUMBIA BROADCASTING 

Copyright, 1952 



852 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




Sound movies - teach Jast, effectively ; 



/ 



Every week more than 20 million people 
view business-backed pictures. Likewise, 
churches and schools are becoming en- 
thusiasts of audio-visual aids as the mod- 
ern, effective way to teach. 

Sound movies now get your message 
across better than ever because now a 
sound track can be easily made to fit a 



specific need. With the Bell & Howell 
Filmosound 202 recording projector, 
sound can be added to any 16mm movie 
and changed as often as desired. 

Whenever sound movies can serve you 
best — to inform or to entertain — look to 
Bell & Howell for the finest equipment 
and service money can buy ! 






"Old Betsy"— the first Filmosound ever sold 
—is retired after 20 years of valuable service 
to the Elgin (111.) Public Schools. E. C. Wag- 
goner considers sound movies so vital that he 
replaced "Betsy" with the first Filmosound 
202 magnetic recording projector, to provide 
up-to-date audio-visual techniques. , 



Editor John E. N. Hume Jr. (right) and 
Charles B. Sellers Jr., of the Schenectady 
(N. Y.) Gazette, use the Filmosound 202 for 
newspaper promotional work. "Before . . . we 
were forced to send along a narrator. Now 
our films have their own narration and music 
and are doubly convenient and effective." 



Now! Two great 
FILMOSOUNDS 




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movies . . . add sound to old silent 
films. Sound track can be changed 
easily again and again. Plays both 
optical and magnetic sound. $699. 

Filmosound 
285 16mm 
optical sound 
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sound movie equipment for use in : 

□ Industry □ Church 

□ Home □ School 





Name- 



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NOVEMBER 1952 



853 



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854 



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Orem, Utah 



Autobiography of 
Annie Shackleton Bowen 

(Concluded from page 852) 

assigned to the Young Ladies. It was 
with great misgiving that I assumed 
the position, for I was utterly without 
experience and had scarcely even 
been in a women's meeting as the 
Relief Societies were only just being 
resumed when I left the city and 
since then I had not lived where 
meetings were accessible. Again we 
were handicapped by lack of books 
and literary material. I had a good 
memory, fortunately, and having al- 
ways been a voracious reader was 
often able to fill up gaps by writing 
short poems and songs from memory 
for the girls to learn. 

One piece of advice given us by 
our stake officers I think I worked 
for all it was worth. It was not to 
make our meetings all grave and 
serious but to give the people some- 
thing lighter now and then, in fact 
anything that was clean and whole- 
some that would help draw the young 
folk to meeting ... by comic read- 
ings, lively singing, spicy little dia- 
logues, and so on, among more 
substantial diet. 



As I walked through the streets 
and heard the children singing at 
their play, I used to notice who had 
good voices. I gathered a dozen of 
them up, and my husband and I to- 
gether taught them to sing in parts 
which helped us quite a bit, for it 
delighted their parents. In our sec- 
ond year we also got up a bazaar 
and, by the sale of the articles made 
by the girls, added to what was 
donated by the young men, we pur- 
chased about twenty- five volumes for 
use in the Mutual Improvement As- 
sociations. The girls were good to 
me, and I enjoyed my work with 
them. I continued it for over five 
years when I resigned and accepted 
the position of secretary in the Relief 
Society, which I continued to hold 
until I moved to Logan in 1901. 

Since then there is little to tell. 
I have done nothing save keep house 
for what family remained with me 
and provide a home for several of my 
grandchildren who came to Logan 
for their education. 

I am simply waiting for the curtain 
to fall. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



"Go Ye Into All the World..." 

(Continued from page- 799) 
One of the more important missions 
of the early Church was the dedica- 
tion of the land of Palestine for the 
return of the Jews. Thi9 was done 
by Elder Orson Hyde of the Council 
of the Twelve as he prayed on the 
Mount of Olives, October 24, 1841. 

The Society Islands (Tahiti) was 
the first of the foreign -tongue mis- 
sions really to be established in the 
Church. (Those elders going to the 
Lamanites in 1830 spoke to the tribes- 
men through an interpreter.) On 
June 1, 1843, Elders Noah Rogers, 
Addison Pratt, Benjamin F. Grouard, 
and Knowlton F. Hanks left Nauvoo 
for the South Seas. Elder Hanks died 
en route and was the first missionary 
of modern Israel to be buried at sea. 
They found these simple-faithed, 
brown-skinned people eager to ac- 
cept the gospel message. 

Ccarcely had the Saints obtained a 
toe hold in the Rocky Mountains 
and begun their long, tiring task of 
redeeming the desert than the call 
came to inject new vigor into the 
Church missionary system — and the 
early 1850's saw the program organ- 
ized on a world-wide scale: Italy, 
Malta, Switzerland, France, Hawaii, 
Denmark, Sweden, South America, 
Iceland, Germany, New Zealand, 
Ceylon, Siam, Gibraltar, Hindustan, 
China, South Africa, West Indies, 
and Australia, where a seventeen- 
year-old boy, William Barrett, had 
attempted to bring the gospel in 1840. 
Some of the peoples who were visited 
in those years responded little — and 
the missions were soon closed, al- 
though the elders assigned to labor 
in them worked mightily. In other 
lands, although oppression and mob 
violence were great, missionary ac- 
tivity was soon established and those 
countries were soon sending some of 
their finest folk as emigrants to the 
Rocky Mountains to help build Zion. 

The case of the Hawaiian Mission 
is interesting. The elders started 
laboring among the whites of the 
islands and didn't get very far. Then, 
they turned to the natives and found 
a people starved for the spiritual food 
which the elders had. 

The 'fifties, too, were golden years 
in getting the Book of Mormon into 
the various languages, where the 
elders were now laboring. These 
(Continued on following page) 
NOVEMBER 1952 



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"GO YE INTO ALL THE WORLD..." 



(Continued from preceding page) 
years brought translations of that 
sacred volume from the presses in 
Danish, German, French, Italian, 
Welsh, and Hawaiian. 

Probably one of the aids in estab- 
lishing the Church in foreign lands 
was the valiancy of the early converts 
who became "local missionaries." Two 
of the earliest in Scandinavia, working 
under the direction of Elder Erastus 



Snow of the Council of the Twelve, 
who was president of that mission, 
were Carl C. N. and John F. F. 
Dorius, who were tireless in their 
efforts to further the gospel's cause. 
When they couldn't get anywhere 
by preaching, they used their beauti- 
ful singing voices. On one occasion, 
when they were in prison for express- 
ing their religious views, they con- 



(ps3^>~>-^>0^3s£NJvjNJV?5i3^^ 



« 



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JCHARD L EVANS 



A 



s to the difficulties of arriving at justice and fair judgment, 
one philosopher observed: "We must remember that we 
have to make judges out of men, and that by being made 
judges their prejudices are not diminished and their intelli- 
gence is not increased." 1 It is high tribute to say of any 
man that he is just in all his judgments. And it is higher 
tribute to be able to say that he is generous as well as just 
in judgment. Ungenerous judgment is an unfortunate char- 
acter fault, and perhaps no one is ever innocent when an 
ungenerous person is his judge. It sometimes seems that 
there is nothing men do quite so much as misjudge other 
men. Whether knowingly or not, it is a perennially prevalent 
fault to permit personalities or prejudices to enter into the 
judgments of others. There isn't anything that anyone 
could do that couldn't be misjudged by one who wanted 
to misjudge. There was never a mortal man in whom fault 
could not be found by one who wanted to find fault. There 
is no act or gesture that could not be misinterpreted by 
someone whose mind was so set. There is no uttered word 
to which someone could not give a different meaning from 
what was intended. No sentence is ever written that could 
not be read in different ways. There is no one who could 
not in some respects be presented in a bad light by a prej- 
udiced person. In other words, either we can decide to 
see the best side of a man or we can decide to see his worst 
side — and we see the side we want to see. Perhaps this 
is in some degree inevitable so long as people are imperfect — 
and that seems likely to be for a long time. But the fervent 
petition of Solomon could well be the earnest plea and prayer 
of each of us: "Give therefore thy servant an understanding 
heart . . . that I may discern between good and bad: for 
who is able to judge. . . ?" 2 Whether it be among our 
friends or family, among our own intimate associates or ab- 
solute strangers, one of the greatest qualities of character 
is to be just and generous in judgment. And with a plea 
from Paradiso again we could well let Dante give us these 
words of constant warning: "O mortal men, be wary how 
ye judge." 3 



53* 



Wo J" 



-Jke Spoken Word from temple square 

PRESENTED OVER KSL AND THE COLUMBIA BROADCASTING 
SYSTEM, SEPTEMBER 21, 1952 



856 



* Revised. 

iR. G. Ingersoll, Speech in Washington, Oct. 22, 1883. 

2 I Kings 3:9. 

3 Dante, Paradiso, XX. Copyright, 1952 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



9) 



verted the jailer and his aides to the 
Church. 

It was not always the poor who 
were caught in the gospel net. Early 
mission histories are full of instances 
where the landowners were con- 
verted and sold their worldly goods 
and shared with their new-found 
brethren and sisters — and all came 
to Zion as a group. 

/"^ne of the great boons to the con- 
vert — first those in the United 
States, and later from the foreign 
lands — was the organization of the 
Perpetual Emigrating Fund in 1849. 
Converts could borrow money for 
their passage to Zion and pay the 
money back after becoming estab- 
lished in their new homes. The 
money would be used to bring more 
Saints to the American west. Sailing 
ships were chartered in England by 
the leaders of the European Mission 
and several hundred convert-emi- 
grants would be on their way to new 
homes in the land of promise. Ship- 
ping firms would compete with one 
another for this business. Captains 
and crews would prefer these well- 
organized, well-behaved persons as 
their passengers. Charles Dickens, 
the English man-of -letters, paid these 
convert Saints high* tribute as he de- 
voted one chapter of his book, Un- 
commercial Traveller, to them. 

In later years ways and means 
were established, whereby those who 
had met reverses and never were quite 
able to pay the money back were 
permitted to work it out. The branch- 
line railroads of early Utah, in which 
the Church was interested, became 
some of those projects. Many an 
aging father was joined by near- 
grown sons as they worked side by 
side in construction gangs to build 
the railroad and to pay the father's 
emigrating debt. 

It has been estimated that before 
the P. E. F., as it was popularly called, 
was dissolved in 1887 by the Ed- 
munds-Tucker Law, that about fifty 
thousand persons were assisted by the 
Fund, and at least one-half of these 
were brought from foreign lands. 

How does a call to the mission 
field affect a home? Hardly a home 
-of the Church but can answer that 
from firsthand experience. But here 
is the story that is typical of many 
homes: 

On several occasions, Elder Thomas 
E. McKay has told the general con- 
ference congregations of the story 
(Continued on following page) 
NOVEMBER 1952 



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858 



"Go Ye Into AH the World..." 

(Continued from preceding page) 
of his father, David McKay. Dread 
diphtheria had claimed the lives of 
twenty young people in Huntsville, 
including two of the McKay children. 
Then, David McKay was called on a 
mission to Scotland. That his father 
would fill that mission was without 
question, but in a year's time, the 
farm and house would be in better 
condition to leave it; the new baby 
would have arrived; and certainly 
the Church would need missionaries 
then, too. But Sister McKay put 
an end to that kind of thinking, with: 
"David, the Lord wants you now, not 
a year from now, and he can take 
care of me just as well when you're 
in Scotland as he can if you are at 
my bedside. You go now." 

Elder Thomas E. McKay finished 
the story with: 

When he returned [from the mission], 
she very gently, and I think proudly, placed 
a beautiful baby in his arms, a baby now 
over two years old, which he had never 
seen. The addition to the house as previ- 
ously planned had also been erected without 
letting him know anything about it. It was 
a wonderful homecoming." 

Throughout the years the list of 
missions has grown. The Nether- 
lands in the '60's (Elder Hyde had 
visited there on his way to Palestine 
in the '40's), Austria, Finland, Mex- 
ico, Turkey, Samoa, Belgium, Tonga, 
Russia (where a short visit was made 
in 1897), Japan, South America 
(where there are now three missions, 
Brazil, Argentine, and Uruguay), 
Czechoslovakia, and during the last 
decade, to the American Indians 
again, whom the Church had never 
really forgotten about. The latest 
mission now being established is the 
Central American Mission. Wherever 
the elders have been permitted to 
tarry, they have found converts who 
have added their strength to the 
Church. 

One of the great aids' to mission- 
ary labor has been the establishment 
of the bureaus of information. The 
first one was established on Salt Lake 
City's Temple Square over a half 
century ago. And others have been 
established at other temple grounds 
and Church historic sites. Tourists 
visit these bureaus, and perhaps years 
later, if they meet missionaries, they 
are more likely to open their doors and 
hearts to the gospel message. 

Another effective program is the 

"May 1947, The Improvement Era. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



stake missions, which have been oper- 
ating under the supervision of the 
First Council of the Seventy since 
1936, but last April were trans- 
ferred to the general mission commit- 
tee. Someone has called this the 
"neighbor to neighbor" plan. Mem- 
bers are called on missions, not to 
leave occupations and homes and 
families but to have organized friend- 
ly discussions about the Church and 
its doctrines with their non-Mormon 
neighbors. Those members on stake 
missions spend all the time that they 
would normally expect to spend in 
Church work on this one Church ac- 
tivity. And they serve quietly, hum- 
bly, for about two years. 

Still another missionary activity — - 
whose power has never quite been 
ascertained but it is a mighty power 
for good — is performed by our young 
men and women who have been de- 
nied a mission for the Church be- 
cause of world conditions. They 
serve in the uniforms of their coun- 
try. They preach the Church stand- 
ards they believe — not by word of 
mouth — but silently, in the way they 
conduct their own personal lives. 

Because of foundations laid by the 
missionaries, there are now many 
areas where strong stakes of the 
Church prevail. 

Who does not recall President J. 
Golden Kimball telling of the attacks 
of malaria that used to be the lot of 
nearly every elder who was called to 
labor in the Southern States? Or of 
how Elder Joseph Standing made the 
supreme sacrifice or of the Tennessee 
massacre, where two missionaries, 
Elders John H. Gibbs and William 
S. Berry, and two converts, James R. 
Hudson and Martin Condor, laid 
down their lives? Or of Presi- 
dent George Albert Smith telling the 
story of how the singing of the hymn 
"Do What Is Right" prevented mob 
activity in his day as a young mis- 
sionary in the Southern States? From 
the willing labors and sacrifices of 
those Saints has come one of the 
strongest missions of the Church, 
and from whose area and people, dur- 
ing the last decade two fine stakes of 
the Church have risen. 

It was missionary labor on some- 
one's part that first gave that price- 
less gift — a testimony of the restored 
gospel — to us or to some member of 
our family. That's one gift, one pos- 
session, that grows through sharing. 

Lefs all be missionaries. 
NOVEMBER 1952 




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Editor 



Recipe for 
Happy Holidays 




Iet's have fun for the holidays! Be- 
ginning with nearby Thanks- 
giving, and looking toward 
Christmas and New Year's — careful 
planning and whole family coopera- 
tion can make it a memorable season, 
one of lasting enjoyment. With every 
member of the family sharing re- 
sponsibility, mother, who has been a 
"stay-at-home kitchen slave," may 
become an eager participant in the 
holiday fun. 

If the holiday season is to be en- 
joyed to the fullest, a work plan made 



today and begun immediately may 
avoid the last minute confusion, 
frustration, and frantic, last- minute 
spending. 

By planning for every day to absorb 
a little of the extra work of the spe- 
cial holiday preparations, the day will 
arrive with an orderly, immaculate 
home; linen, china, and silver ready 
to be used, and the refrigerator and 
pantry bulging with tempting holi- 
day fare. 

Begin with the family's organizing 
a schedule of the duties to be per- 




— -Photo courtesy David W. Evans Adv. Agcy. 



360 



formed and each member assuming 
his share of the tasks. By making a 
Christmas gift list now, also, with the 
help of the family, shopping may be 
easier while there is good selection 
in lower priced items. There is 
still time to stitch a few fancy, frilly 
aprons or crochet attractive edges on 
linen hankies or knit s^ome mittens or 
socks, if you have not already done 
so. 

Make a card list and arrange for 
sufficient greetings before the selec- 
tion is poor except in the more expen- 
sive lines. If you or a member of 
your family is adept, individually 
created cards are always distinctive 
and very acceptable and can be made 
at a great saving to the already 
pinched budget. Just another sug- 
gestion — have an extra box or two 
of cards tucked away for those last 
days when the postman leaves un- 
expected greetings. This may save 
much embarrassment. 

The whole family will enjoy deco- 
rating the home, both inside and out. 
This should also be planned well in 
advance, as much of it takes time in 
preparation. Such a project will de- 
velop the creative ability of the fam- 
ily members and do much to promote 
the holiday spirit. 

As the dinners are so important an 
item for every festive occasion, let us 
plan our menus and prepare as much 
as possible before the day of serving. 
By all means plan to use the food you 
preserved or canned last summer, 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



such as applesauce, apricot nectar, 
sweet pickles, and relishes. And plan 
to use as many of the fresh vegetables 
and fruits in season in your locality, 
available at reasonable prices. 

Have you considered apricot nectar 
or grape juice for the first course? 
They are piquant when combined 
with tart juices, such as orange or 
lemon, and when served with a bit of 
tangy ginger ale should whet the 
appetite for the luscious feast to fol- 
low. Home- canned fruit cocktail 
combined with grapes from which 
the seeds have been removed, and 
small pieces of red-skinned apple 
added, with a little lemon, has eye 
and taste appeal. 

The glorified cranberry has become 
year round food fare, and comes to 
the table not only as a sauce to 
complement the entree, but juiced for 
an appetizer, stewed or ground raw 
for the base of fruit or vegetable 
salad, ground and combined with 
fruits as a relish, and made into 
pudding for dessert. 

"Tropical Relish" listed below is 
easily prepared, and children or pre- 
teens could make this their contribu- 
tion to the dinner. 

Tropical Relish 

4 cups, or one pound of fresh cranberries 
1 lemon 
1 orange 

1 cup shredded or crushed pineapple 

2 cups honey or raw sugar 

Wash and sort cranberries, then grind 
them with the lemon and orange. Add 
the pineapple, sugar or honey, and mix 
well. Store in a covered container in 
the refrigerator until ready to serve. 
This relish keeps very well for several 
weeks when refrigerated in an airtight 
container. 

Fresh Cranberry Salad 

4 cups or one pound raw cranberries 
% cup honey 

1 cup diced celery 

2 cups tokay grapes with seeds removed 
1 tablespoon plain gelatin 

Y 2 cup cold water 

Soak the gelatin in cold water in the 
top of a double boiler. When gelatin 
has absorbed the water, dissolve it over 
hot water. Grind the cranberries, orange, 
and lemon, add the pineapple and 
honey, and mix well. Pour into indi- 
vidual molds, a large mold, a tube 
mold (the center to be filled with 
chicken salad) or a flat baking dish to 
(Continued on page 868) 
NOVEMBER 1952 



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862 



How Can I Best 

Prepare For Marriage? 

by Rex A. Skidmore 

PROFESSOR OF SOCIOLOGY AND SOCIAL WORK, UNIVERSITY OF UTAH 



Eighteen-year-old Ted dropped 
the newspaper and exclaimed: 
"Gee, look! More divorces than 
marriages yesterday!" Then he 
thought to himself, "Getting married 
is a risky business these days. How 
come so many homes are breaking 
up? How can I be sure of a happy 
marriage?" 

Our complex way of life along with 
the uncertainties of this atomic age 
make selection of a life partner and 
marriage difficult in many ways; for 
example, the automobile, the tele- 
phone, and large public schools in- 
crease the number of acquaintances 
but usually decrease the number we 
know well. Radio, TV, motion pic- 
tures, and popular magazines over- 
stress "romantic bliss" and "falling 
in love at first sight." The uncer- 
tainties of military service, families 
on the move, the unfriendliness of 
large cities — these and other situa- 
tions threaten successful courtship 
and marriage. 

The four hundred thousand mar- 
riages dissolved annually by divorce 
in the United States show the need 
for better preparation for marriage. 
In Los Angeles County during one 
year, more than one thousand cou- 
ples applied for marriage licenses and 
within a three-day waiting period 



(required by the State of California) 
changed their plans and did not wed. 
Never was there a time in which se- 
rious thinking and planning about 
marriage is more needed. 

Many young people use only their 
hearts during courtship; they are 
like ostriches with t'heir heads in the 
sand. Almost anything may happen 
to them. It is important to use the 
head as well as the heart in prepar- 
ing to sign a marriage contract that 
is never intended to be broken. And 
since it isn't true that any Tom, Dick, 
or Harry can meet any Jane, Jill, or 
Sally, and fall in love and live hap- 
pily in the clouds ever after, let's 
consider seriously some activities that 
help lead to a happy marriage. 

The story of Dorothy and John 
may be used to illustrate in plan- 
ning for marriage. As children they 
learned in their homes and in school 
about family values and mature liv- 
ing. In high school they studied a 
unit on family relations and talked 
over each lesson with their parents. 
When they were in college, they at- 
tended nearly every M Man and 
Gleaner class, the lessons being a se- 
ries on love and marriage. Each took 
part in various activities — (Dorothy 
on "When to Marry" and John on 
"What is Love"), and after Mutual 




— Photo by Eva Luoma 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



they often discussed the ideas fur- 
ther. John gave a short talk on 
"Wise Selection of a Mate" in the 
opening exercise of one M. I. A. meet- 
ing; Dorothy took part in a play 
written by class members to show 
that "romantic love" is not the all- 
important feature of successful mar- 
riage. The ideas and attitudes they 
gained by participating in these ac- 
tivities gave them a better under- 
standing of themselves, of true ro- 
mance, and of happy marriage. 

Together they joined in ward and 
stake firesides. They invited people 
who belonged to happy families to 
share personal family experiences. 
They met with other young people 
and discussed frankly their concern 
about courtship and marriage. They 
attended sacrament meetings and 
Church conferences where they heard 
helpful suggestions about marriage 
and realized that sharing spirituality 
is a good beginning in courtship. 

John and Dorothy read good books 
from M. I. A. reading lists and school 
lists. They read parts of the stand- 
ard works of the Church and inter- 
esting articles about marriage found 
in other Church publications. 

They realized that parents do not 
know "all the answers" but have 
learned much about marriage first 
hand and are usually in a good posi- 
tion to help their sons and daughters 
think through questions, problems, 
and plans. When they argued be- 
cause of John's inactivity in his 
priesthood work, they decided to talk 
it over with their parents. Both sets 
of parents took the same position — 
they didn't decide for them but 
listened sympathetically. This think- 
ing aloud helped the couple to make 
their own decision — they decided to 
postpone their marriage. Within 
the next two years John gradually 
became more active in his priesthood 
quorum, at the end of which time 
they were married in the temple. 

Before their marriage, they talked 
with their bishop several times. His 
counsel helped them to look mature- 
ly and objectively at themselves and 
marriage. Most bishops are good 
counselors because they have a per- 
sonal warmth and friendliness, keep 
interviews confidential, and provide a 
broad spiritual base for considering 
problems and looking at life's real 
values. 

John and Dorothy also "sat down 
with themselves" and tried sincerely 
(Concluded on following page) 
NOVEMBER 1952 




BRIGHAM YOUNG 

The famous colonizer of the 
west, faithfully reproduced 
in beaver hat, bib shirt, 
brocade vest, black top coat 
and trousers. 



NEWT EDUCATIONAL! 
DECORATIVE! 

~^Tulhentici of the fSockied 

k MARLO 



Capture a bit of the past with these miniature 
dolls {7 x /2" high), which were originally created 
for collectors who appreciate the care and patience 
required in faithfully reproducing minute details 
in hair coloring, eyes and clothing of our Western 
Pioneers. 

Included with each attractively packaged doll is 
an interesting and informative story of the char- 
acter's accomplishments and adventures. To own a 
MARLO doll is to possess a bit of American Heri- 
tage. 

A COMPLETELY NEW AND DIFFERENT 

CHRISTMAS GIFT 

For a room with western decor — for a long 
cherished gift to a child — for the discriminating 
collector of fine things — Authentics of the Rockies 
TOPS THE LIST! 

1 doll #4.95 — 2 dolls £9.50—5 dolls #20.75 






NARCISSA 
WHITMAN 

Pioneer bonnet, long 
calico dress, and 
apron is the histori- 
cal costume of this 
courageous mother 
who met massacre 
as bravely as she 
faced the clangers of 
"the trail." 



MARCUS WHITMAN 

The Doctor-Mission- 
ary who brought the 
first wagon to the 
Oregon territory. 
Dressed in frontier 
leather buckskins, 

moccasins and fur 
hat. Carries a hand- 
carved wooden mus- 
ket. 



SACAJAWEA 

Dress designed from 
deerskin original and 
trimmed with shells 
and beaded girdle. 
Moccasins complete 
the costume. Her 
baby, Baptiste, is 
strapped in a tekash 
to her back. 



CAPTAIN 

MERRIWETHER 

LEWIS 

Of the famous Lewis 
and Clark Expedition 
for whom Sacajawea 
served as guide. 
Dressed in fur trim- 
med and beaded lea- 
ther costume copied 
from the clothes 
given Lewis by the 
Indians. 



SEND THIS COUPON TODAY! 



Mail to: 

MARLO— "Authentics of the Rockies" 
611 Linden, Boise, Idaho. 

(Please print clearly. Allow 2 weeks for del.) 

Name 

Address 

City State 



Please send the follow- 
ing character dolls: 



Brigham Young 

Marcus Whitman .... 
Narcissus Whitman 
Sacajawea 



■a 



.□ 

Iff 

Iff 



Enclosed is $.. 



Send C.O.D. 



-□ 



Capt. Merriwether Lewis .. 



-□ 



A free folder describing in detail each character and the fascinating development of the MARLO 

collection will be furnished on request. 

863 



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while the fares are lower. 




Round trip 
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FRANCE $340. and up 

GERMANY $360. and up 

SCANDINAVIA $380. and up 

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How Can I Best 
Prepare For Marriage ? 

{Concluded from preceding page) 

to sense their own strengths, weak- 
nesses, and aspirations. They realized 
that true love will stand this test. 
In fact, it deepens as one scrutinizes 
his inner feelings and hopes of one's 
self and prospective mate — if it is real 
love. 

Today John and Dorothy are hap- 
pily married and are facing the 
present and future with faith and 
confidence. To their unmarried 
friends they recommend the follow- 
ing to help insure successful mar- 
riage: 

1. Participate in appropriate classes 
in Church and school. 

2. Read good books and articles 
about courtship and marriage. 

3. Talk over problems and plans 
with parents. 

4. Talk to your bishop, especially 
as you draw near to marriage. 

5. Consider objectively your abili- 
ties and those of your prospec- 
tive mate. 

Use these suggestions whenever 
possible. Remember, marriage is one 
of the most important of life's ex- 
periences. Be prepared for it by us- 
ing your head as well as your heart. 



864 



Song of Thanksgiving 

by Betty Zieve 

The one who does not paint a 
lovely picture or sing a song 
of praise must show apprecia- 
tion of life, too. 

Beauty is an intangible word; no 
two people will grasp its meaning 
the same. My eyes and your eyes 
look into two different worlds, as 
different as we ourselves. 

I have come to know happiness 
through a growing appreciation of 
the beauties in life. Wherever I go, 
I am confident of adventure. Life 
is everywhere. Life is beautiful and 
strange. I have long since given up 
the idea of trying to hide from it, 
for it always manages to find me. 

Sometimes I almost envy the in- 
nocence of those who seem to ac- 
cept life each day without question 
or wonder. Are there many people 
who do not become excited when 
the strains of Wagner reach their 
ears, or cry out with joy when they 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



awaken to see the sun in a cloudless 
sky? Must they find a pastime to 
carry them through the endless 
hours of a beautiful evening? 
Would they pass a forlorn old man 
on the street and not wonder what 
thoughts were in his mind, what 
he has seen of life, or what he has 
given to it? 

Sometimes I envy complacency, 
but mostly I am thankful for my 
yearning for life. Day-to-day liv- 
ing is life; there is no substitute. 

The people who belong to my life 
contribute in a large part to its 
beauty; the one who furnishes a 
fresh "Good morning" every day 
without fail, the one with a smile 
that intoxicates me so that my 
whole face breaks into a wide grin. 




— Photograph by Edward Zychal 

God gave us the force of the 
elements to help us understand our- 
selves and others. There is such 
happiness in awakening to the real- 
ization that it is day. There is such 
peace in going to sleep with the 
sound of rain in one's ears, such 
quietness in walking alone at night 
in the snow. 

Life cannot be beautiful without 
work. One's handiwork displays 
one's art. 

Knowledge pursues me. At all 
times I am feeling, thinking, trying 
to grasp it. I like all things: Bach, 
Stanislavski, Einstein, Huxley. 

How many times have I loved? 
So many times, I can never recall 
them: a melody in music, a painting, 
Winterset, Thomas Mann. 

What of God? The life on 
earth displays his shining armor. 
We know birth, death, love, devo- 
tion, and sacrifice. I am thankful 
and happy. 
NOVEMBER 1952 




Of course, she saves her bright- 
est baby smile for you! So early, 
she knows that mother means 
love and comfort and security. 
And it's so easy for you to help 
her to have, through all her life, 
the happiness and security that 
comes from vigorous health by 
your care in choosing for her 
the food she needs to make the 
best of growth. 

One of the things most impor- 
tant, in your baby's first year, is 
the kind of milk you give her. 
You want to be sure, first of all, 
that it's good milk — milk that 
will help her grow sturdy and 
strong, with fine, sound bones 



and teeth. You can be sure of 
that, when you give your baby 
Sego Milk. 

For years, doctors have recom- 
mended Sego Milk for babies. 
Sego Milk is always easy for 
babies to digest. Always uni- 
formly rich in the food sub- 
stances of whole milk. Always 
as safe, in its sealed container, as 
if there were no harmful germ 
in the world. And Sego Milk 
gives your baby vitamin D, the 
sunshine vitamin babies need to 
help them build strong bones 
and teeth, and to make the best 
of growth. 



Thousands of babies all over the Mountain 
West are thriving on Sego Milk. Ask your 
doctor about Sego Milk for your baby. 



FREE TO MOTHERS/ 

"Your Baby" — big 64-page book filled 
with helpful information about baby 
care. Approved by a well-known doc- 
tor, praised by mothers everywhere. 
Beautifully illustrated. Pages for 
baby's record, too! For your copy, 
write Sego Milk Products Company, 
Dept. E, Salt Lake City, Utah. 



Sego Milk Products Co., Originator of Evaporated Milk in the 

Mountain West 




Plants in Richmond, Utah; Preston and Buhl, Idaho 



865 





Enjoy ALL THIS, 
And Good Food, loo! 



When you come to our 
house, you can be certain 
of having these three im- 
portant things: a comfort- 
able, nicely-decorated room, 
convenient access to shop- 
ping and entertainment, and 
some of the tastiest food 
you've ever eaten. Besdes 
that, we do our level best 
to make you feel at home. 
We're glad to see you and 
we want you to know it. 
Come soon. 



HOTEL 
TEMPLE SQUARE 

Clarence L. West, Manager 



../SHORTHAND 
V IN 6 WEEKS 



Free Demonstration 

Famous Speedwriting system. Uses ABC's. No 
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New classes begin twice monthly. Day or 
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Write for free booklet about Speedwriting. 

HENAGER SCHOOL OF BUSINESS 

45 East Broadway, Salt Lake City, Utah 

Please send me a free copy of the Speed- 
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Name 

Address 

City Zone State 



mtfrnmrntamiE) 




ALWAYS^POPS^ 
CRISP -TENDER -TASTY 



tIHE 



CORN 



Baby's 
First Shoes 



by Billee Thomas Peel 




Can Do It! 



866 




Use tracing paper over pat- 
tern pieces to avoid cutting 
magazine. 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



You have heard many mothers say 
that baby kicks off his shoes, 
stockings, or bootees faster than 
she can put them on. Here is a felt 
shoe pattern that baby will be more 
likely to outgrow than to push aside. 
It is generally suitable for a baby up 
to eight months of age. 

The shoes are simple to make, and 
call for scant materials. Many moth- 
ers will tell you that they are among 
her favorite gift item for baby be- 
cause these shoes stay on! 

Materials 

1. One piece of felt. 

2. Six small buttons. 

3. Fine matching thread for hand- 
stitching. 

4. Contrasting color thread for de- 
tails; buttonhole stitch, blanket 
stitch, and featherstitch. 

Suggested Colors 

1. Pink, using blue thread for details. 

2. Blue, using white thread for de- 
tails. 

3. Yellow, using brown thread for de- 
tails. 

4. Red, using white thread for de- 
tails. 

5. The color combinations may be 
reversed. Perhaps you have your 
special baby colors tht would work 
up nicely. 

Directions 

Right Shoe: 

1. Cut one of each patterns A, B, 
and C from felt. 

2. Cut one pattern D on double 
piece of felt, placing heavy black 
line on fold of material. 

3. Cut lines on piece C and finish 
each buttonhole with buttonhole- 
stitch. 

4. Sew buttons on right side of piece 
D as indicated by small circles. 

5. Match markings on pieces A and 
B; hand-stitch together. 

6. Match markings on pieces A and 
D; hand-stitch together. 

7. Match markings on pieces B and 
D; hand-stitch together. 

8. Sew piece C to left side of piece 
D; shoe buttons on outside of 
baby's foot. 

9. Featherstitch over all seams. 

10. Blanket stitch around all unfin- 
ished edges. 

(Concluded on following page) 
NOVEMBER 1952 



For delicious 



m 



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V^ 



TURKEY 
DRESSING 



W^^ 



EASY R£ C * PE 
NV\x together . cru mbs 

1 Table Queen »>rea ked 

a««sdR Y al • Z~ partially ^^ 

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sO ( 



IM 



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' Li''.''..- V' 1 I 



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7«#e 2uetH-t6e 6n&zd tfat't 
QUEEN OF THE TABLE 



A VALUABLE BOOK FOR CHRISTMAS, 
BIRTHDAYS, IMPORTANT OCCASIONS 

THREE TIMELY TREASURES 

By Leon M. Strong 
Box Elder L. D. S. Seminary 

1. DISPENSATIONS OF THE GOSPEL 

2. THE LOST TEN TRIBES 

3. THE KINGDOM OF JUDAH. What happened 
to the Jews after Lehi left Jerusalem until 
the coming of John the Baptist? 

$1.50— postpaid anywhere 

DESERET BOOK CO.— or autographed copies 
directly from the author, Bear River City, Utah. 



Only the 
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ALL-O-WHEAT 

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It is made from the 
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SERVE YOUR FAMILY 

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IT'S STEEL CUT 



People keep using ALL-O-WHEAT be- 
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Ask for it at your grocers 
TODAY or write to 

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OGDEN, UTAH 



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You Can Do It 

(Concluded from preceding page) 
Left Shoe: 

Follow directions for right shoe 
except: first step, trace pattern A on 
felt with printed (right) side down, 
then sole of shoe will fit contour of 
left foot; fourth step, sew buttons on 
outer left side; eighth step, sew piece 
C to right side of piece D. 



868 



Recipe for Happy Holidays 

(Continued from page 861) 
be cut in squares, or to be the bottom 
layer of gelatin chicken salad. (Gelatin 
chicken salad recipe on page 870.) 

You will undoubtedly give special 
attention to the fowl or roast, as it is 
the center of every eye, with the vege- 
tables, salads, relishes, and rolls to add 
color and nutrition. 

If you are serving poultry and are 
looking for a stuffing recipe, you will 
find the celery stuffing bland and usually 
agreeable. The pineapple-nut dressing 
is a little richer and more flavorful. 

Celery Poultry Stuffing 

2 cups soft whole-wheat bread crumbs 

2 tablespoons butter 
y 2 teaspoon sage 
Y 2 cup minced onion 
Y 2 teaspoon salt 

1 cup celery diced (outside stalks and 
leaves can be used) 

1 beaten egg 

Mix all the ingredients together and 
stuff lightly into fowl. For a small turkey 
of eight or ten pounds, 6 cups of bread 
crumbs is usually sufficient. For a 
large turkey, twelve cups of bread 
crumbs (3 qts.) will stuff both cavities. 

Pineapple-nut Stuffing 

4 cups wholewheat bread crumbs 

y 4 cup celery diced and leaves 

3/4 cup crushed pineapple 

y 2 cup walnut meats, chopped fine 

y 2 cup diced apple 

\y 2 teaspoon salt 

l / 4 cup butter 

2 eggs beaten 

Melt butter, add slightly beaten eggs, 
and mix. Pour mixture over remaining 
ingredients and mix lightly. Stuff 
fowl, avoiding packing dressing too 
much. 

It seems that no Thanksgiving is 
complete without mincemeat pie, and 
many like it for Christmas just as 
well. This tasty recipe requires no 
cooking until it is baked in the pie or 
cooked on top of the stove for a few 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



minutes. It is especially good for filled 
cookies, turnovers, as well as a two- 
crust pie. The beauty is that it will 
keep for weeks in the refrigerator, avail- 
able for a spoonful or several cups. 

Mincemeat 

2 cups currants 
2 cups raisins 

1 cup chopped mixed fruit peel (or- 

ange, lemon, citron) or ]/ 2 cup 
citron, and the rind of 3 oranges 
and 3 lemons shredded 
4 cups tart apples, cored and grated 
or chopped finely 

2 cups beef suet ground fine 
2 l / 2 cups brown or raw sugar 

l / 2 teaspoon nutmeg 

1 teaspoon cinnamon 
l / 2 teaspoon ground cloves 
1 teaspoon ground ginger (if desired) 
Grated rind and juice of two lemons 
\y 2 cups apple juice, cider, grape juice, 
apricot nectar, or liquid from 
pickled peaches. 
1 cup broken walnut meats 

Combine all the ingredients and mix 
well. Use 2 l / 2 to 3 cups for a 9 inch 
pie, depending on the depth of the pie 
tin, and the amount of mincemeat de- 
sired. 




v 2 



\rmstrong Roberts 



Orange Cream Mincemeat Pie 
1 9 inch pie shell baked 
or one graham cracker pie shell 
cups of mincemeat (above recipe) 
cup fruit juice 
cup water 

1 tablespoon gelatin 

2-3 oz. package cream cheese 
3 tablespoons fresh orange juice 

2 tablespoons raw sugar or honey 
y 2 teaspoon grated orange rind 

y 2 teaspoon grated lemon rind 

Simmer mincemeat and fruit juice 
about twenty minutes. Add gelatin 
soaked in cold water and mix well. 
Chill and when nearly set pour into 
pie shell. 

Prepare the orange cream by creaming 
(Concluded on following page) 
NOVEMBER 1952 




Finds Active Dry Yeast fastest and easiest ever 



WINS 47 COOKING AWARDS AT FAIR 



Mrs. Obil Shattuck of Yakima, 
Wash., holds a whole basketful of 
ribbons she has won in cooking con- 
tests—altogether Mrs. Shattuck has 
won more than 400 awards. Just last 
year she took 47 prizes at the Central 
Washington Fair! 

Like so many expert cooks, Mrs. 
Shattuck gives a lot of credit to 
Fleischmann's Active Dry Yeast. 



"It's always fast rising," she says! 
"And so easy to use!" 

You can't beat this grand Dry 
Yeast — it's so much more convenient 
than old-style cake yeast. Stays fresh 
for months — so you can always keep 
a supply handy on your pantry shelf. 
When you bake at home, use yeast. 
And use the best — Fleischmann's 
Active Dry Yeast. 



Home 

For a permanent residence in 
Salt Lake City, enjoy the ad- 
vantages of a location in the 
heart of town, opposite Tem- 
ple Square, near the shop- 
ping district, plus the pleas- 
ure and comfort of a clean, 
well-kept hotel— all at sur- 
prisingly low rates. 

Single— 

$7.00 to $12.00 per week 
Double— 

$10.50 to $15.00 per week 
Make the NEW UTE 
your home. 

New He 

HOTEL 

Opposite Temple Square 



119 North Main 



DRINK 




A delightful 

hot beverage for those 

who don't drink coffee. 



AT YOUR GROCERS 



ALL CONFERENCE 
ADDRESSES 

OF GENERAL AUTHORITIES 

will be published 

in the 

DECEMBER ERA 



$50 CHRISTMAS CARDS $75 

Cash! For Yourself or Organization 

Sell ALL-OCCASION and CHRISTMAS CARDS. Up 
to 100% profit. Send today for price list and sam- 
ples on approval. 

QUALITY SALES COMPANY 

BOX 1344 OGDEN, UTAH 

(Stock advanced to Organizations) 



> 



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SALT LAKE COSTUME CO. 

248 So. torn St., Salt Lak« City - D*l 3-1031 



"From Cumorah's Lonely Hill" 

An epic poem of the Book of Mormon, which you 

will find interesting, fascinatiing and descriptive. 

A lovely gift for young and old. By Olive M. 

Wilkins. 

Obtainable at Deseret Book Co., 10942 Jackson 

Ave., Lynwood, California or through any L.D.S. 

Stake Library. Price $2.50 

869 



Complete 



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COMMERCIAL AND SAV- 
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TRUST DEPARTMENT— 

Acting as Administrator, 
Executor, Guardian, and 
Trustee. 

ABSTRACT DEPARTMENT. 

SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES. 

All departments on ground 
floor. 



UTAH 



SAVINGS & 
TRUST CO. 



235 South Main Street 

Member Federal Reserve System 

Member Federal Deposit 

Insurance Corporation 




ALL CONFERENCE 
ADDRESSES 

OF GENERAL AUTHORITIES 

will be published 
in the 

DECEMBER ERA 



RECIPE FOR HAPPY HOLIDAYS 



(Concluded from preceding page) 
the cheese, and gradually adding the 
orange juice and honey and the rinds. 
Spread meringue fashion around the 
edge of the pie. 

"Apples red, and apples yellow, round 
and juicy, sweet and mellow" — and the 
apple pie supreme lends itself best to 
mellow apples. If tart apples are used, 
increase the sweetening r /4 cup. 

Apple Pie Supreme 

(Bake 8 min. at 450° — reduce heat to 
350° for 60 min.) 

1 9 inch pie shell (wholewheat) 
3 cups shredded apples, fine shredder 
% cups raw sugar 
Yi teaspoon cinnamon 
y 4 teaspoon nutmeg 
1 teaspoon grated lemon rind 
1 cup medium cream, or 1 cup evapor- 
ated milk 
few grains of salt 

Bake pie shell in hot oven 450° F. for 
8 minutes. Meanwhile combine the 
remaining ingredients, and pour into 
pie shell and bake in a moderate oven 
350° for 60 minutes. Serve warm with 
your favorite cheese, whipped cream, 
or the orange cream cheese served with 
the mincemeat pie. 

The holidays are not complete with- 
out guests who drop in and the guests 
who are especially invited. Something 
tucked away from the family that is 
easy to serve gives peace of mind and 
confidence as a hostess. Fruit cake and 
cookies always fill this bill — have extra 
ones hidden, too, for guests of your 
teen-agers! 

The "boiled raisin fruit cake" is very 
easy to make, in fact, given little super- 
vision, a pre-teen child can easily mix 
it ready for the baking pans. It is de- 
licious when stored a week or a month 
but can be sliced twenty-four hours after 
it is baked if desired. It is rich and 
fruity, but not too rich to serve to older 
children. 

Boiled Raisin Fruit Cake 

(Bake 3 hrs. at 350° F) 

Makes 3 large loaf cakes 

Mixture 1 

Boil 1 lb. package raisins for 5 min. 

4 cups water 

2 cups raw sugar 

Remove from heat, and add 

1 cup shortening 

2 tablespoons honey or molasses 
Cool. 

Meanwhile, mix in a large bowl or 
pan 



870 



Mixture 2 

P/2 cups freshly ground whole wheat 
flour 
2 lbs. raisins or 1 lb. raisins, and 1 

lb. dates 
2 cups fruit peel mix 
1 cup chopped nuts 

1 teaspoon each of salt 
cinnamon 

cloves 

nutmeg 

allspice 

2 teaspoons vanilla 
Combine the two mixtures, add 
4 beaten eggs 

3J/2 cups whole wheat flour 

4 teaspoons double acting baking 
powder 

Stir together well, and bake in oiled 
pans lined with wax paper. When 
baked, remove from pans, and tear off 
wax paper while still warm. Store in 
plastic bags in a cool place. 

Leftovers! Well, who doesn't have 
them? This chicken salad or any other 
fowl, may solve your problem. When 
combined with the cranberry gelatin 
salad, and served with a vegetable soup, 
you have the main part of a meal. 

Gelatin Chicken Salad 

2 cups diced chicken, or cut off the 

bone into small pieces 
1 cup mayonnaise or salad dressing 
1 cup finely diced celery (if you have 
not used it in the cranberry salad) 
Y 2 cup chopped parsley 
J/2 teaspoon salt 
]/ 2 cup chopped almond meats 
% cup chicken broth, or water and 
broth, to make amount of liquid 

Dissolve gelatin in part of broth and 
add to rest of broth which has been 
heated. Add remainder of ingredients 
and pour over gelatin salad to set. When 
set, cut into squares and serve with salad 
dressing made of y 4 cup mayonnaise 
blended with a 3 oz. package of cream 
cheese, J4 teaspoon paprika, 1 teaspoon 
minced onion and a dash of salt. 

When time does not permit setting a 
gelatin salad, a plain chicken salad piled 
on the cranberry salad is delicious. 
These proportions may be used: to each 
two cups of cut- up chicken, add 1 cup 
diced celery, a few tablespoons chopped 
sweet pickle, l / 2 cup mayonnaise, and l / 2 
cup nutmeats if desired. 

Yes, let's have fun for the holidays in 
work and play together, with each mem- 
ber making his contribution. Holidays 
were made for family companionship 
and enjoyment. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



My Palomar 



(Concluded from page 806) 

do, with the endless march of the 
stars. 

After leaving the group for a short 
time, to look and wonder at the mag- 
nitude and purpose of this great 
instrument, the guide, with a sense 
of futility prompted by the visitors' 
lack of technical understanding, leads 
to a small box-like building where 
some of the photographs of the plan- 
ets, nebulae, and stars are displayed. 
They are arranged under glass along 
the walls, lighted to bring out in de- 
tail the features of the various bodies. 

U"ere are pictures of the sun, moon, 
Jupiter, Saturn, and the nebulae 
of other planetary systems. These 
look as close and clear as the house 
next door, but are so faraway that 
distances are told in light years in- 
stead of the more common units of 
measure. Some of these suns are so 
faraway that if they were destroyed 
tomorrow, no person now living 
would live long enough to know of 
the incident because it would take so 
long for the present rays of that sun 
to reach the earth even traveling at 
the speed of light. These are real 
photographs taken by the big lenses 
of this master -of- master scopes. By 
their vividness and reality shown in 
this, their original setting, the impact 
on the layman's imagination and 
emotions is immediate and convinc- 
ing, especially as the guide's under- 
standing and patience lead into the 
great spaces with objects and dis- 
tances of the relatively unknown and 
beautiful universe. Under his tute- 
lage, and under the shadow of this 
great instrument all our concepts of 
time, space, and speed lose their 
meaning and are slowly replaced by a 
mental struggle for new terms, new 
eoncepts, new visions, and new hori- 
zons. 

No wonder we sometimes feel that 
perfection is relative; conceit is big- 
otry; and tolerance, the essence of 
wisdom; that in the pulse of nature 
there is evidence of God; that "As 
man is, God once was; and as God is, 
man may become." 

We have found a new basis for 
faith, a new understanding of the 
limitations of our facilities, and a new 
determination to humble ourselves 
before a patient and tolerant Al- 
mighty. 
NOVEMBER 1952 





FOR THE 



FAM/iy 

Bring the kiddies— v/e love 'em! 

Special Menus! Special China! 

Special Prices, Too! 



HOTEL UTAH 

COFFEE 

SHOP 



HOTEL UTAH 

Max Carpenter, Manager 
See Uncle Roscoe's Playtime Party, Presented by Hotel Utah, Tues. & Thurs., 4:15 p.m., KSL-TV 



FIRST in Safety 

In an occupation once considered more hazardous than the 

average, telephone people have 

worked long and hard to attain and 

|QW £i maintain "first position" in the field 

of accident prevention. 
Such a record is a mat- 
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same teamwork that 
makes your telephone 
service the best in the 
world, 



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KOLOB STAKE MIA MAIDS ROSE TIE 



"Make Your Life a Song" was the theme of the Kolob (Utah) 
Stake Mia Maid Rose Tie held in September. It featured 



an appropriate program at which girls of the nine Springville 
and Mapleton wards were honored. 



-<•>- 



Dear Editors: 



Saran, France 



Dear Editors: 



Independence, Mo. 



T should like to express my praise and appreciation for a truly 
■*■ wonderful magazine. I should like also to express my thanks 
to Elder Doyle B. Tanner who is making it possible for me to 
receive this magazine while I am so far from home. 

There are only two of us Mormons, so far as we can find, 
in all of Orleans, France, and it is inconvenient to attend 
L.D.S. Church since the closest one is in Geneva, Switzerland, 
so far as we know. Therefore, we have to content ourselves 
reading from The Improvement Era and the Book of Mormon 
and The Principles of the Gospel which the Church provided. 

Both being cooks in the army and on different shifts, it is 
difficult for us to be together on Sundays. 

Our thanks to the editors and to those who make it possible 
for us to receive this most wonderful magazine. 

Yours truly, 

/s/ Pfc. Joseph L. Davis and 
Pfc. Charles Henry Hayward 



I am a member in Independence Branch, Missouri. I have 
taken the Era for several years. I enjoy it very much as 
does my daughter to whom I pass it on. I love the pioneer 
stories and also those on genealogy. 

I was quite thrilled when I read, "The Hearts of the Chil- 
dren," by Emma Dunn King. She gave some quotations from 
her and her husband's family history; that they went to Hart- 
ford, Conn., under Rev. Thomas Hooker in 1636. I also had 
a seventh great-grandfather, Richard Britter, who went in 
that year under Hooker and was one of the first settlers. His 
brother William, was in the same company. Then my first great- 
grandfather had a daughter who married a Milton Hutchinson 
in Ohio and went to Iowa. I don't remember whether the 
daughter was by first or second wife. He had four wives and 
two sets of children. 
I love genealogy work. 

Your sister, 

/s/ Bertha C. Garrison 



-<S>- 



L. D. S. GROUP MEET ON BRIDGE OF USS "SICILY' 



ined in front of the bridge of the USS Sicily, an escort air- 
■'-' craft carrier, this L.D.S. group meets each Sunday morning 
during the ship's divine service period. The gathering is under 
the direction of Lt. L. M. Abbott of Air Anti-Submarine Squad- 
ron 931, and works in coordination with Brother P. N. Hansen, 
servicemen's representative of the Japanese Mission. The men 
represent both the squadron, now operating aboard, and the 
Sicily's crew. 

Front row, left to right: Lawrence E. Lunt, aviation metal- 
smith third class, Miami, Arizona; Dale Wadsworth, aviation 
metalsmith third class, 526 L Street, Idaho Falls, Idaho; Lt. Lloyd 



M. Abbott, 7915 Arlington Avenue, Upper Darby, Pennsyl- 
vania; Lavon C. Stokes, aviation electronics technician third 
class, 486 D Street, Idaho Falls; Joseph R. Fowler, sonarman 
third class, 372 E. 27th South Street, Salt Lake City; and Clar- 
ence M. Tripp airman, Wendover, Utah. 

Back row: Leon H. Brown, seaman, Talmage, Utah; Steve 
R. Brown, seaman, Mountain Home, Utah; Lenard F. Hale, 
airman 11357 E. Emery, El Monte, California; Glen D. Camp- 
bell, seaman, Sandy, Utah; James D. Seager gunner's mate third 
class, Greenriver, Utah; and Gordon D. Hagy, seaman, Gold- 
bond, Virginia. 





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Sharing The Good Things of Life 

Thanksgiving Day is our annual time for saying grace 
at the table of eternal goodness . . . thanking our 
Heavenly Father for the many blessings we have 
received . . . sharing the bounties of the harvest with 
family and friends . . . and offering a generous thought 
and deed for those not as favored as we. 



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Insurance 

David O. McKay, Pres. 




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Salt Lake City - Utah