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Full text of "The Improvement Era"

Dr. Hyrum L. Andrus instructs Education Week visitors in Church history. 



Attend a BYU Education Week in Your Area 



SCHEDULE OF 1967 EDUCATION WEEKS 



PRESTON 

Preston, Ida May 31, June 1,2 

DENVER 

Denver, Colo. June 1, 2, 3 

EASTERN CIRCUIT 

Washington, D. C June 1, 2, 3 

Gaffney, So. Car June 8, 9, 10 

Pittsburgh, Penn. __ June 5, 6 

ARIZONA-NEVADA CIRCUIT 

Las Vegas June 3, 5, 6 

Mesa June 8, 9, 10 

Phoenix June 12, 13, 14 

IDAHO CIRCUIT 

Idaho Falls ...May 31, June 1, 2 

Rexburg June 5, 6, 7 

Pocatello June 8, 9, 10 

Blackfoot June 12, 13, 14 

Montpelier lune 15, 16, 17 

UTAH PROGRAMS 

B.Y.U. Campus lune 6, 7, 8, 9 

Ogden June 13, 14, 15 

Salt Lake— Downtown 

August 21, 22, 23 
Salt Lake— Sugar House 

August 24, 25, 26 

Logan September 5, 6, 7 

CANADA-NORTHWEST CIRCUIT 

Lethbridge, Can., June 15, 16, 17 

Calgary, Can. lune 19, 20, 21 

Spokane, Wash., June 23, 24, 26 
Moses Lake, Washington 

June 29, 30, July 1 



SOUTHWEST CIRCUIT 

Snowflake, Ariz., June 19, 20, 21 
Albuquerque, N. M. 

June 24, 26, 27 
El Paso, Tex., June 29, 30, July 1 

PACIFIC NORTHWEST CIRCUIT 
Richland, Wash., June 22, 23, 24 
Tacoma, Wash., June 26, 27, 28 
Seattle, Wash., 

June 29, 30, July 1 

IDAHO CIRCUIT II 

Boise June 28, 29, 30 

Ontario July 5, 6, 7 

Twin Falls July 10, 11, 12 

Burley July 13, 14, 15 

NORTHERN CALIFORNIA 

Sacramento July 6, 7, 8 

Oakland July 10, 11, 12 

Palo Alto ...July 13, 14, 15 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA CIRCUIT 

Fresno July 18, 19, 20 

Bakersfield July 21, 22 

Santa Barbara luly 24, 25 

San Diego July 27, 28, 29 

Rialto July 31, Aug. 1,2 

LOS ANGELES CIRCUIT 

Anaheim ...August 3, 4, 5 

Long Beach August 7, 8, 9 

Huntington Park, Aug. 10, 11, 12 
Santa Monica ....Aug. 14, 15, 16 
San Fernando ....Aug. 17, 18, 19 

Glendale Aug. 21, 22, 23 

West Covina Aug. 24, 25, 26 

MEXICO CIRCUIT 

Colonia-Juarez ...Oct. 12, 13, 14 



Education Weeks will be held 
this summer in 48 locations in 
United States, Canada and 
Mexico. These festivals of learning 
bring several days of enjoyable 
and profitable classwork to 
local audiences from the great 
community of scholars at BYU. 
Hundreds of classes are offered 
in science, religion, social 
studies, handicrafts, fine arts, 
family living and home science, 
business, education, and many other 
subjects to assist the visitor in 
self improvement. The theme this 
year is "Values in a World of 
Change," aimed at giving the 
participant direction in our age 
of upheaval. Plan to attend one 
of these vital weeks in your area. 
For information, write to Education 
Weeks, 122 HRCB, Brigham Young 
University, Provo, Utah. 

Brigham Young 
University 

Provo, Utah 



Memo to Our Readers: 




The Voice of the Church 

May 1967 

Volume 70, Number 5 



Some 40,000 members of the Church 
in 48 locations in the United States are 
expected to participate in the Brigham 
Young University Education Week pro- 
grams this year, Beginning on May 31 
in some areas, these training sessions, 
each held for three days, will feature 
condensations of courses offered at 
BYU and are taught mostly by BYU 
professors. 

These education weeks provide 
golden opportunities for all who are 
able to take advantage of them to re- 
ceive professional instruction in a wide 
variety of subjects. The courses are 
meant to supplement, enrich, and 
strengthen the teachings of the priest- 
hood and the auxiliary organizations. 
Fees are nominal. 

Theme of this year's education week 
programs is "Values in a World of 
Change." This timely and challenging 
theme suggested several of the articles 
featured in the Era this month. 

Our cover is from a transparency by 
Carl Byoir and Associates, Inc., for 
Hughes Aircraft Company. It shows 
Early Bird, the world's first commercial 
communications satellite, built for the 
Communications Satellite Corporation 
by Hughes. For two years this space- 
craft has been in synchronous orbit 
22,300 miles over the Atlantic to pro- 
vide 240 two-way telephone channels 
between Europe and North America, or 
two-way television between the conti- 
nents. The satellite symbolizes the 
fast-changing world in which we live — 
a world that needs eternal values com- 
municated to it with all the inspiration 
and challenge we can muster. 

Managing Editor 



Official organ of the Priesthood Quorums, Mutual Improvement Associations, 
Home Teaching Committee, Music Committee, Church School System, and 
other agencies of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

The Improvement Era, 79 South State, Salt Lake City, Utah 84111 



Regular Features 

2 Editor's Page: Values Everlasting, President David 0. McKay 

22 Genealogy: Research in Ireland 

28 The Era Asks: How Are We Using Electronic Mass Media to Spread 
the Gospel? 

33, 81, 82, 87 ' The Spoken Word, Richard L. Evans 

41 Era of Youth 



63 

68 
71 
74 
76 

79 
88 
90 
92 

94 

96 



Teaching: The Church Teacher — Classroom Diagnostician, Sterling 
R. Provost 

The LDS Scene 

Melchizedek Priesthood: Those Who Are Valiant 

Presiding Bishopric's Page: It Is a Day of Sacrifice 

Today's Family: Grandmothers and Great Mothers, 

Florence B. Pinnock 

Home, Sweet Home 
Best of Movies 
The Church Moves On 
Buffs and Rebuffs 

These Times: International Law — Prospects and Developments, 

G. Homer Durham 

End of an Era 



Special Articles 



10 
16 

34 

84 



Values in a World of Change: Constancy Amid Change, Reed H. 

Bradford 

Values in a World of Change: Religious Authority in Today's World, 

Milan D. Smith 

Values in a World of Change: The Role of Parents, Orpha S. Boyden 

Values in a World of Change: Wise Ways With Worldly Wealth, 

Quinn G. McKay 

Ye Have My Promise, Barbara T. Jacobs 
Mommy Likes Mud, Too! Janis P. Hutchinson 



Fiction, Poetry 

58 A Run of Gray, Brian Kelly 
14, 20, 24, 33, 72, 86, 87, 96 



Poetry 



David 0. McKay and Richard L. Evans, Editors; Doyle L. Green, Managing Editor; Albert L. Zobell, Jr., Research Editor; Mabel Jones Gabbott, Jay M, Todd, 
Eleanor Knowles, Editorial Associates; Florence B. Pinnock, Today's' Family Editor; Marion D. Hanks, Era of Youth Editor; Elaine Cannon, Era of Youth 
Associate Editor; Ralph Reynolds, Art Director; Norman F. Price, Staff Artist. 

G. Homer Durham, Franklin S, Harris. Jr., Hugh Nibley, Sidney B. Sperry, Alma A. Gardiner, Contributing Editors. 

G. Carlos Smith, Jr., General Manager; Florence S. Jacobsen, Associate General Manager; Verl F. Scott, Business Manager; A, Glen Snarr, Acting Business 

Manager and Subscription Director; Thayer Evans, S. Glenn Smith, Advertising Representatives. 

©General Superintendent, Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1967, a <d published by the 

Mutual Improvement Associations of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. All rights reserved. Subscription price. $3.00 a year, in advance; 

multiple subscriptions, 2 years, $5.75; 3 years, $8.25; each succeeding year, $2.50 a year added to the three-year price; 35$ single copy, except for 

special issues. 

Entered at the Post Office, Salt Lake City, Utah, as second-class matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103 

act of October 1917, authorized .July 2, 1918. 

The Improvement Era is not responsible for unsolicited manuscripts but welcomes contributions. Manuscripts are paid for on acceptance and must be 

accompanied by sufficient postage for delivery and return. 

Thirty days' notice is required for change of address. When ordering a change, please include address slip from a recent issue of the magazine. Address 

changes cannot be made unless the old address as well as the new one is included. 



May 1967 




"Show 
Yourself 

a 
Man" 



Editor's 
Page 




By President 
David 0. McKay 



• Many hundreds of years have passed since man- 
kind was first taught the value of treasuring a 
sincere heart. "As [a man] thinketh in his heart, so 
is he" was proclaimed in the days of the wise man 
who wrote the Book of Proverbs. So also was the 
divine appeal, "My son, give me thine heart, and 
let thine eyes observe my ways." Hillel, whose life 
ended just a few years after Christ was born, and 
in whom Judaism found one of its ablest exponents, 
expressed the thought in these noble words : "If you 
are where no men are, show yourself a man." 

No principle of life was more constantly empha- 
sized by the Great Teacher than the necessity of right 
thinking. To him, the man was not what he 
appeared to be outwardly, nor what he professed 
to be by his words: what the man thought deter- 
mined in all cases what the man was. 

Christ's teachings regarding man's duty to him- 
self as well as man's duty to his neighbor are per- 
vaded with the truth that thought in all cases 
determines the man's right to happiness or his con- 
demnation for sin. 

In a revelation to the Prophet Joseph Smith the 
Lord emphasized adherence to this principle as being 
the first duty of the Twelve in going forth to preach 
the gospel of Jesus Christ. "But purify your hearts 
before men; and then go ye into all the world, and 
preach my gospel unto every creature who has not 
received it." (D&C 112:28.) 



Improvement Era 



True, that revelation was given to President Thomas B. Marsh of the Coun- 
cil of the Twelve specifically for the Twelve, but it also concerns missionary 
activity. We have long said that every member is a missionary. And only 
they whose hearts are sincere and whose thoughts are high and noble can influ- 
ence others to seek to attain these high ideals. 

Fundamental doctrine this, and glorious ! Contentment, complacency, peace 
— all that makes life worth living — have their source in the mind of the indi- 
vidual. From the same source spring unrest, turbulency, misery — everything 
that leads to dissolution and death. It's a life lesson too seldom considered. 
People are influenced and moved to action more by what they think other peo- 
ple think than by what they themselves think. Too many arrogate to them- 
selves the thought that sin may be indulged in with impunity so long as it is not 
"found out." They presume that dishonest acts may be committed if kept hidden. 

To use just one example, as boys of other generations stealthily hid behind 
barns and bushes to smoke, so boys of today find hiding places for such acts, 
and they blindly think it is all right if they manage not to be caught. 

No matter what the hidden act, whether found out or not, those who trans- 
gress pay the penalty of sin and of indiscretion. The intent that precedes the 
act leaves its indelible impression upon the character. And though the culprit 
might offer a balm to his conscience by saying that he "will not count this 
one," yet deep in the inner mind it is counted just the same, and the marks in 
his character will stand against him in the day of judgment. No one can hide 
from his thoughts nor escape from their inevitable consequences. 

In view of the responsibility of leadership that every member carries in 
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and in the world, it is well 
for each of us to pause frequently and to take stock of ourself to ascertain what 
we are thinking about when we don't have to think. "For as [a man] thinketh 
in his heart, so is he. . . ." (Prov. 23:7), and "what you are," as Emerson says, 
"thunders so loud in my ears, I cannot hear what you say." o 



May 1967 



Dr. Reed H. Bradford, professor of sociology at Brigham 
Young University and executive secretary of the adult 
committee of Church Correlation, has long been a 
popular contributor to Church periodicals. 



societies only during the last fifty years. This has 
made it possible for the individual to receive knowl- 
edge about places, people, and facts in ways that 
were completely unknown to his grandfather. The 
opportunity to expand his horizons is available to 
him. He can know about events happening all over 
• We must be concerned with eternity. The Lord has the world almost as soon as they occur, 
told us, "For behold, this is my work and my glory—. 3. The basic character of many organizations has 
to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of changed. Sociologists refer to such groups as the 
man." (Moses 1:39.) family or neighborhood as "primary" groups in which 

One of the things that has eternal implications is the relationships of individuals are intimate and face- 
change. Change occurs within both individuals and to-face. Such individuals know much about each other 
organizations. The twentieth century is characterized and are united by many common bonds, 
by some of the most rapid and profound changes in But this century has witnessed the rise of another 
the social life of human beings ever experienced in the type of group, often referred to as a "secondary" 
history of man. Let us note some of the major ones, group. This group tends to be formal, rather than 

1. There has been a great explosion of certain kinds informal. Organized for a limited, specific purpose, 
of knowledge. In this century science has truly been it concerns itself with only one aspect of the indi- 
exploited as a method for the discovery of truth. viduaFs total life. There are hundreds of such or- 
Someone has indicated that approximately ninety per- ganizations. For example, one who buys stock in a 
cent of all the scientists of recorded history are now given corporation and attends perhaps one meeting 
living. Vast sums of money are being spent for re- a year is personally acquainted with very few of the 
search by both private and governmental agencies in other stockholders. Or perhaps one is a member of 
many countries. The amount of information being a given occupational or professional organization; the 
published daily is staggering. The individual who only time he sees most of the other members is at an 
wishes to become an authority in a given discipline annual meeting. 

finds himself forced to become more and more of a 4. In many countries there has been a basic change 
specialist. from a rural to an urban type of living. In 1790, 

2. Systems of transportation and communication when the first census was taken in the United States, 
have greatly increased in number and efficiency, over ninety percent of the population lived in towns 
The telegraph, telephone, radio, television, automo- of less than 8,000 inhabitants. Today the vast majority 
bile, and airplane have become commonplace in many of citizens live in metropolitan areas, and their social 

By Reed H. Bradford 

Values ,^, 

of Change \ 



Jesus sometimes sought isolation to think, reflect, evaluate, fast, and pray. 

"Why shouldn't we?" 



Improvement Era 



life is characterized by complexity and heterogeneity. 

The above changes have produced many problems 

for both the individual and his society. The new com- 

-*v :; ' 

plexity of life has produced bewilderment and con- 
fusion. As a result, many individuals have turned to 
so-called escape mechanisms, such as alcohol, drugs, 
lust, and gambling, to mention only a few. In many 
nations, crime rates are increasing much more rapidly 
than population rates. 

This new type of world has brought with it many 
changes of values. There has been a relaxing and 
letting down of moral standards. Church member- 
ship and attendance are low in many nations. Divorce 
rates are rising. Giving mediocre effort in one's 
daily occupation is common practice. 

How can a person adjust to all these changes? 

First of all, the ringing message of the Savior should 
be heard and understood. "These things have I spoken 
unto you, that my joy might remain in you, and that 
your joy might be full." (John 15:11.) 

His atonement and resurrection, the principles that 
he taught, and the Church that he organized are all 
designed to help each person find divine fulfillment. 
He said: "I am Jesus Christ, the Son of God, who 
was crucified for the sins of the world, even as many 
as will believe on my name, that they may become 
the sons of God, even one in me as I am one in the 
Father, as the Father is one in me, that we may be 
one." (D&C 35:2.) 

To become his son (or daughter) means that one 
must understand the principles upon which such at- 
tainment is based. This requires a depth kind of 



education, an education that is based on thought and 
reason. 

In obtaining such an education, members of The 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints have a 
special blessing. Not only can they consider the ex- 
periences of life thoughtfully and reasonably, but they 
can also enjoy the influence of the Holy Ghost, or, 
more precisely, the gift of the Holy Ghost. 

"Yea, repent and be baptized, every one of you, for 
a remission of your sins; yea, be baptized even by 
water, and then cometh the baptism of fire and of the 
Holy Ghost." (D&C 33:11.) 

And, "God shall give unto you knowledge by his 
Holy Spirit, yea, by the unspeakable gift of the Holy 
Ghost, that has not been revealed since the world was 
until now." (D&C 121:26.) 

An individual living in a complex society often 
finds, however, that it is difficult for him to carry out 
such a process of education because of the many 
demands placed upon him. The only way such an 
educational process can be carried out is for the 
individual to make a commitment to himself to do it. 
One way to accomplish this is to follow the example of 
the Savior. He practiced what might be called "the 
art of contemplation." He went alone to a place 
where he would not be disturbed and where he could 
think, reflect, evaluate, fast, and pray. He was thus 
able to gain a depth understanding of the principles 
of the gospel. 

But an understanding of the principles is not enough. 
One must also live them. At first, when one's experi- 
ences with the living of the principles is limited, he 



^ftr'r* 



the author asks. 




5-«V» * ** 



JWPx- 



May 1967 




may experience strong temptations to behave in ways hold of faith, and let virtue garnish thy thoughts un- 

that are not in harmony with the teachings of the ceasingly; then shall thy confidence wax strong in the 

Lord. The Savior had such temptations in mind when presence of God; and the doctrine of the priesthood 

he said: "I pray not that thou shouldest take them out shall distil upon thy soul as the dews from heaven." 

of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from (D&C 121:45. Italics added.) 

the evil." (John 17:15.) Our Heavenly Father presides over an eternal fam- 

As one discovers the joy that comes from incorporat- ily. If an individual is married by his authority and 

ing these teachings into his life, it becomes easier for lives the principles of the gospel, the marriage will be 

him to live them. This does not mean that the eternal. Children born to such a marriage may be 

temptations will cease, but when they come he must sealed by the Holy Spirit of Promise to the parents, 

remember that a diamond is of much greater value Such a family and home become a divine sanctuary 

than its glass imitation. Also, to be tested is one of for the individual. Husband and wife become mem- 

the great purposes of this life. bers of a paired unity wherein they understand, 

"Therefore, be not afraid of your enemies, for I encourage, and complement one another. They con- 
have decreed in my heart, saith the Lord, that I will sider themselves to be partners with their Heavenly 
prove you in all things, whether you will abide in my Father in helping their children to become his sons 
covenant, even unto death, that you may be found and daughters. There is a certain kind of spirit that 
worthy." (D&C 98:14.) For those who survive this characterizes such a home: the spirit of respect, of 
test successfully, ". . . all things are theirs, whether kindness, of understanding, of love itself, 
life or death, or things present, or things to come, all Yes, we must be concerned with eternity. The soul 
are theirs and they are Christ's, and Christ is God's." is eternal; the priesthood is eternal; the family— the 
(D&C 76:59.) Lord's kind of family— is eternal; and his principles are 

To further assist the individual to become his son eternal. The Ten Commandments, the Beatitudes, 
or daughter, the Lord has provided for him the oppor- and all of his principles are valid in any society and 
tunity of being blessed by the priesthood and the in any age. By making a personal commitment to 
family, both of which are eternal. The priesthood is him to represent him well in whatever positions one 
both authority and power. It provides the authority holds, one can experience the maximum joy in what- 
for the individual to participate in such saving ordi- ever kind of society he lives. 

nances as baptism and eternal marriage. If one lives And if he gives the last full measure of devotion 

the principles of the gospel, he acquires the kind of to the eternal "constants amid change" in this life, 

power indicated in the following: "Let thy bowels ... he has the promise of salvation and exaltation in the 

be full of charity towards all men, and to the house- life to come, which is the greatest of attainments. O 



Improvement Era 



Milan D. Smith is president of the Washington [D.C.] 
Stake and executive vice president of the National 
Canners Association. 



• Fundamental laws— eternal truths— do not change, 
but customs, habits, hypotheses, standards of living of 
various societies, methods of carrying on commerce, 
types of government, communication, modes of trans- 
portation, and style of dress and fashions do change 
over periods of time. In fact, in our era dramatic 
alterations and innovations in some of these categories 
take place at a highly accelerated rate. 

Other changes, many not pleasant to contemplate, 
are also taking place. A vocal minority cry, "God is 
dead." If they could, they would influence all to 
reject the spiritual, moral laws with fixed principles. 

Despite the efforts of iconoclasts to ridicule the 
profound utterance, George Washington's statement 
on the value of religion continues to inspire most of 
his countrymen and many beyond our borders: "Of 
all the dispositions and habits which lead to political 
prosperity, religion and morality are indispensable 
supports. In vain would that man claim the tribute 
of patriotism who should labor to subvert these great 
pillars of human happiness— these firm props of the 
duties of men and citizens . . . and let us with caution 
indulge the supposition that morality can be main- 
tained without religion. Whatever may be conceded 
to the influence of refined education on minds of pe- 
culiar structure, reason and experience both forbid 
us to expect that national morality can prevail in 

By Milan D. Smith 



exclusion of religious principle." 

The annual Federal Bureau of Investigation report 
and the National Crime Commission report released 
recently underscore the degree to which the American 
stability and morality have been affected as a result 
of the unrelenting campaign of derision against re- 
ligion and high moral values. 

The FBI report says that "the organized underworld 
has amassed tremendous wealth from the vice opera- 
tions it controls. Gambling, narcotics, trafficking, 
usury, labor racketeering, even legitimate business 
activities pour huge sums into the coffers of the top 
men. Of these, gambling is probably the most im- 
portant. Profits from gambling are used by the 
gangland overlords to finance other lucrative ventures 
and to expand their organizations. These funds also 
find their way into the hands of corrupt public 
officials who are able to provide protection for the 
rackets. 

"In fiscal year 1966, there were 1,705 violations 
committed under the Bank Robberies Statute, includ- 
ing 1,077 robberies, 47 burglaries and 161 larcenies. 
While the total number of these crimes remains high, 
it is encouraging to note that there was a reduction of 
71 in the 1966 fiscal year over the record high in 
1965. Convictions for these crimes continued to in- 
increase, however, with a new peak of 870 recorded 
for the year. Over 8,696 years in actual, suspended 
and probationary sentences were imposed. Two death 
sentences were also levied. Only convictions in federal 
courts are included in these totals. . . ." The study 
revealed that banking institutions in 36 out of the 




World morality has been 
seriously affected by those who 
have rejected moral law. 



aK** 



■£.■ 



M 4 







n 
in? today, 
rid 





May 1967 



Crime in America accounts for over $20 billion yearly-and is highest in the 15-21 



50 states in the United States were victimized. 

"Seven convictions for crimes aboard aircraft and 
32 for crimes on the high seas were registered in the 
1966 fiscal year. 

"Investigations of crimes on government and Indian 
reservations by the FBI during the year led to a record 
high of 1,777 convictions. Sentences exceeded 2,100 
years. In addition, a total of 363 fugitives wanted for 
such crimes as murder, manslaughter, assault with a 
dangerous weapons, rape, burglary, and armed rob- 
bery were located in these cases." 

A summary of major convictions disclosed: Assault- 
ing or killing a federal officer, 42; escaped federal 
prisoners, parole, probation, and conditional release 
violators, 214; espionage, 2; extortion, 62; Federal 
Housing Administration matters, 103; bribery, con- 
flict of interest and bond default, 78; interstate trans- 
portation of obscene matter, 22; Federal Train Wreck 
Statute, 15; fraud against the government, 288; illegal 
wearing of uniform and related statutes, 109; imper- 
sonation, 71; interstate transmission of wagering 
information, 12; interstate transportation in aid of 
racketeering, 76; interstate transportation of stolen 
motor vehicles or aircraft, 5,141; interstate transporta- 
tion of stolen property, 1,096 (21,164 stolen motor 
vehicles were recovered); kidnaping, 42; mail 
frauds, 13; national bank and federal reserve acts- 
banks, federal credit union, savings and loan, 626; 
perjury, 19; Selective Service Act, 1948—343; theft, 
embezzlement, or illegal possession of government 
property, 602; theft from interstate shipment, 834; 
Veterans Administration matters, 61; White Slave 



Traffic Act, 75. There were 602 convictions for theft 
of government property and related violations. 

The National Crime Commission report sets the 
economic impact of crime in America in excess of $20 
billion a year., A breakdown of crime costs follows: 

"Crimes against persons, such as homicide and as- 
sault, 815 million dollars; crimes against property, 3.9 
billion; other crimes, such as drunken driving, tax 
fraud and abortion, 2 billion; illegal goods and 
services, such as narcotics, loan-sharking, bootlegging 
of liquor, prostitution and gambling, 8 billion; public 
law enforcement and criminal justice, 4.2 billion; 
private costs related to crime, 1.9 billion." 

The report notes that "for the nation as a whole, 
there is far more crime than ever is reported," and 
that crime is highest in the 15 to 21 age group. "What 
appears to be happening throughout the country, in 
the cities and in the suburbs, among the poor and 
among the well-to-do, is that parental, and especially 
paternal, authority over the young people is becom- 
ing weaker." 

The truth of these facts is even more apparent as a 
result of a broad survey of 10,000 representative Amer- 
ican households. The survey found that "burglaries 
occur some three times more often than reported, that 
forcible rapes occur some three and a half times more 
often, that white-collar offenses are probably the most 
underestimated of all crimes and that no one knows 
for certain just how many victims of organized crime 
keep silent out of fear, or— as in the case of gamblers- 
out of disinclination to see the particular criminal 
activity stopped." 



Values 







age group. 



An astounding point made by the commissions sur- 
vey is that one boy in every six sooner or later is 
referred to juvenile court. Further, it predicts that 
"about 40 percent of all male children living in the 
United States will be arrested for non-traffic offenses 
during their lives." 

The FBI report concludes: "Crime and subversion 
continue to chip at the bulwark of democracy as laid 
down by our forefathers nearly 200 years ago. There 
must be a reawakening of the entire citizenry and a 
return to the old-fashioned' principles of honesty, re- 
spect, high moral standards and patriotism if we are 
to survive." 

It is interesting to note that only one member of 
the Crime Commission, in a minority statement, re- 
gretted that the report "neglects to recognize Godless- 
ness as the basic cause of crime, and religion as the 
basic cure." 

As these facts demonstrate, a great multitude have 
either completely rejected religion or have designed 
to keep a void between its stabilizing influences and 
the conduct of their daily lives. 

Satanic powers seem to have prevailed through 
men in undermining in millions of lives the recogni- 
tion and reverence for and humble submission to God, 
whose creative power directed the formation of this 
world and innumerable other worlds, With faith in 
God gone, these people find it difficult, if not impos- 
sible, to have faith in man. They therefore cannot 
accept or support human law. 

As a result, the following prophecies are being ful- 
filled in our years : 



"This know also, that in the last days perilous times 
shall come. 

"For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covet- 
ous, boasters, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, 
unthankful, unholy, 

"Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false ac- 
cusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that 
are good, 

"Traitors, heady y highminded, lovers of pleasures 
more than lovers of God." (2 Tim. 3:1-4.) 

How grateful all of us should be to focus on the 
overriding event of this dispensation— the establish- 
ment, within the broad field of religion, of the Church 
through revelation. The Lord's Church has been or- 
ganized through the Prophet Joseph Smith and pos- 
sesses direct authority from God to those of his children 
who qualify to act in his name in performance of the 
duties, responsibilities, and ordinances of their offices 
within the kingdom. 

The scriptures indicate that "no man taketh this 
honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as 
was Aaron." (Heb. 5:4.) Each who has served since 
Joseph Smith as Prophet and President of the Church 
has served as the only mouthpiece of God in his time 
to those people who have entered into the covenant 
of baptism and other covenants with the Lord. The 
greatest prophet in a given generation is President of 
the Church, because he gives counsel that strengthens 
the Saints in meeting the problems of their day. Man, 
through obedience, can obtain joy and satisfaction in 
this life as well as in the world to come. Through 
obedience he will develop qualities of character that 



cannot be taken from or denied him when he 
leaves this life. 

Church authorities at all levels— general, stake, ward, 
mission, branch, and parental— can in this changing 
world guide those over whom they preside, can guide 
them to achieve the celestial kingdom of God. 

Jesus gave the formula to obtain eternal life: "If 
thou will enter into life, keep the commandments." 

Looking again at the world about us and its effect 
on us, we are impressed that many men who are held 
high in the esteem of their fellowmen but who do not 
have the priesthood of God are not in the best position 
to counsel society on problems of everyday living. 
How much more ineffectual they become, then, if 
they are dealing in the intangible realms of the 
spiritual. 

We find that man is generally unable to make 
accurate interpretations of his fellow human beings 
with whom he has close physical and mental com- 
munion. 

How, then, can he reasonably follow them in their 
counsel in a field that they are patently unquali- 
fied to comprehend? By comparison, those men 
in the Church who counsel by inspiration are able 
to convey truths that are spiritually discerned. With 
confidence one can accept such guidance, knowing 
that those truths are part of the total truths that ulti- 
mately rule life and eternal destiny. 

Would that all mankind could appreciate the beau- 
ties of the gospel and live for its blessings; then the 
problems that now appear to have no solution would 
swiftly be solved. O 



10 



Orpha S. Boyden is mother of four, a member of the 
Utah State University Board of Trustees, and in the 
Yale (Salt Lake City) 2nd Ward Relief Society 
presidency. 



• "Times have changed. Our home is nothing more 
than a hotel, with maid service, where the children 
stop long enough to eat, sleep, shower, change their 
clothes, and go to their next appointment." Parents 
with this attitude are defeated, and their children are 
to be pitied. 

Times have changed. Man can now cross the conti- 
nent in the time he used to drive a team of horses 30 
miles. This is the day of the instant breakfast, drip- 
dry, and permanent press. But there is one thing that 
has not changed: the responsibility of parents to their 
children. The counsel given by King Benjamin a long 
time ago is just as valid today as it was then: 

"And ye will not suffer your children that they go 
hungry, or naked; neither will ye suffer that they 
trangress the laws of God, and fight and quarrel one 
with another, and serve the devil. . . . 

"But ye will teach them to walk in the ways of 
truth and soberness; ye will teach them to love one 
another, and to serve one another." (Mosiah 4:14, 15.) 

The role of Latter-day Saint parents has been made 
very clear by the Lord in a revelation to Joseph Smith 
in 1831: 

"And again, inasmuch as parents have children in 
Zion, or in any of her stakes which are organized, 
that teach them not to understand the doctrine of 

By Orpha S. Boyden 



Values 



.J*+ 
















Improvement Era 



repentance, faith in Christ the Son of the living God, to teach children how to sort out and live by those 

and of baptism and the gift of the Holy Ghost by the principles that will bring them happiness. Here are 

laying on of the hands, when eight years old, the sin some specific ideas that might be helpful to your 

be upon the heads of the parents. . . . family: 

"And they shall also teach their children to pray, 1. We must make home a pleasant place. This has 

and to walk uprightly before the Lord." (D&C 68:25, nothing to do with architecture or decor. If we expect 

28.) to teach proper values to our children, it must be in 

If we want our homes to be less like grand hotels an atmosphere of love and understanding, where the 

and more like places where we can teach our children Spirit of the Lord can dwell, where ideas are ex- 

to pray and to walk uprightly before the Lord, we changed freely, and where each person feels appre- 

will have to work at it. We must quit talking about ciated for his own special qualities. Home should be 

the "good old days" when life was simpler, and bring a place where children like to be, a haven from the 

our thinking down to here and now. Personally, I'm world of conflict and competition, a place where 

not sure how good the good old days really were. I good humor abounds and where courtesy is not saved 

find the modern highways and automobiles, with all for company. 

their hazards, a great improvement on the dusty wash- 2. Keep up with the times! Are we interesting 

board roads we used to bounce over. I am likewise persons, not merely dutiful parents to whom the child 

grateful for the advances in scientific areas providing feels obligated? We may not be able to do the new 

us with vaccines and drugs that now practically math, but we can read enough about it to show that 

eliminate diseases that were common in my childhood, we are at least in the twentieth century. 

The problem for today's parents is to help their With newspapers, books, magazines, radio, and 
children understand that the automobile can be a television, there is no excuse for not being reasonably 
wonderful means of transportation or it can be a lethal well informed on current subjects. While we can't 
weapon; drugs can save lives or ruin them. So many know all about everything, we can keep abreast of 
forces are competing for the time and interest of our things enough to understand the problems that face 
children that parents must be real leaders if they are our children today. How can we deal with the sub- 
to succeed. jects of miniskirts, LSD, long hair, short hair, pro- 

We must help our children meet the onslaught of tests, and pornography unless our discussions are 
conflicting ideas. Conscientious parents will not based on accurate information? How can we en- 
shield their children from new ideas but will help courage our children to develop cultural and scientific 
them evaluate their worth. Experiences can and interests unless we do so ourselves? 
should be provided within the framework of the home 3. Quiet, please! Someone has declared that the 



A six-point plan for making a house more of a home and less of a hotel. 



May 1967 • U 



"How can we talk to youth about miniskirts, protests, or pornography unless we 

communications gap between generations is greater how much times have changed, the home remains 
than between languages. It could be that many of us the place where each child starts his life experience, 
parents are talking when we should be listening. If and what happens there profoundly affects his fu- 
we really want to improve the dialogue between us ture. 

and our children, we will listen respectfully when the Latter-day Saint parents have an obligation to guide 
children ask questions or when they are in a mood their children in such a way that they may qualify 
for a friendly talk. If we are interested listeners, we to return to our Heavenly Fathers presence. This 
can learn much about the value systems they are means that we must introduce them to experiences in 
encountering. which the eternal values are embedded. If a child 

Children's timing- is usually bad (until they become is brought up in a' home where he feels loved and 
a little older and know its importance). Even though appreciated, he is more apt to have confidence in 
the baby is crying, the phone is ringing, and the gravy himself and faith in others. For the first few years, 

the important formative years, home is the entire 
world to the child. His whole outlook on life is 
affected by what takes place there. 

The home and its surroundings provide a natural 
laboratory for learning. The assignment of home 



about to boil over, the wise parent will actually handle 
the matter, not using the confusion as an excuse for 
postponement until tomorrow or forever. 

On the other hand, parents who are too preoccupied 
often lose contact with their children's points of view. 



When a touchy subject comes up, these parents often duties should not be merely a device for getting the 
"lose their cool," harsh words are exchanged, and the work done; such qualities as dependability, prompt- 
line of communication between parent and child is ness, decision-making, and pride in workmanship can 
pretty well clogged, if not cut off completely. One be developed in children whose parents will take the 
teenager said to her friend: "I wish I could attend time and interest to make it happen. The nagging 
your home evenings instead of ours. You and your approach may get the job done but that's about all. 
folks have such a good time together, and you can Children whose parents take the time to watch a 
talk about anything. At our home I feel that unless sunset with them, or plant a garden with them, will 
I answer the questions exactly as my father wants develop an appreciation for the wonders and beauty 
them answered, he is disappointed and critical of me. of nature. Children whose parents plan with them and 
So I just don't talk." do a good deed for a neighbor are learning the mean- 
4. Home as a laboratory. Young parents could be- ing of brotherly love. Parents who give of themselves 
come "confused by the barrage of printed material will be remembered in love much longer than those 
on the modern approach to child-rearing. But parents who spend their energies providing material 
any thoughtful parent must realize that no matter things for their children. 



: 



have accurate information?" 

One of the greatest blessings to come to families 
through the Church in recent years is the home 
evening manual, particularly the sections on applica- 
tion of the gospel truths being taught. Every class 
we attend— priesthood, MIA, Primary, Sunday School, 
Relief Society— teaches gospel principles, but the 
home is in the unique position of being able to actually 
try these principles out. For example, what better 
way could we help children begin to understand 
Jesus' sacrifice for us than to give them actual experi- 
ence in making sacrifices for each other? 

Ann, who was shy and needed more association with 
children her own age, was invited to a party. She had 
an important family responsibility and declined the 
invitation. Her older brother discovered this and 
insisted on her going to the party while he did her 
assignment. It was learned later that to do this he 
had turned down an invitation to attend a basketball 
game, and he loved basketball. This experience 
helped both children learn what it means to do with- 
out something we ourselves want in order to help 
someone we love; thus we will come to appreciate 
more and more the great sacrifice Jesus made for us. 
As Latter-day Saint parents we must put more empha- 
sis on living the gospel than on talking about it. 

5. Who's in charge here? At times this is not easy 
to tell. One too often gets the impression that the 
children are making the decisions and giving the 
orders. In these cases it may be that since the "par- 
ents are either too timid or too lazy to be the leaders, 
the children do it for them. Enough has been said 
and written on the subject to convince any parent 



that children want and need discipline. They often 
have neither the background nor the experience to 
make proper choices without guidance. 

"Consistency, thou art a jewel," could have been 
written about child-rearing. When a child is pun- 
ished one day for misbehaving and the same action 
is ignored on another occasion, it is difficult for him 
to understand just what behavior is expected. It is 
very tedious work for the parents of young children 
to hammer away at what behavior is acceptable and 
what is not, but nothing will pay greater dividends in 
helping children become stable members of society. 

If a child has not been taught by loving parents how 
to mind, he is on the road to trouble with all author- 
ity— the school, Church teachers and officers, military 
and government officials. Respect for law and au- 
thority begins in the home. The child whose parents 
are wishy-washy about how instructions are followed 
has a difficult time adjusting to those who are in au- 
thority over him outside the home. If parents allow 
their child to do as he pleases when he pleases, they 
are failing in their responsibility to prepare him for 
life's experiences. Fundamental in Latter-day Saint 
teaching is respect for law and authority. 

6. The power of example. An English minister of 
the seventeenth century stated: "Whatever parent 
gives his children good instruction, and sets them at 
the same time a bad example, may be considered as 
bringing them food in one hand, and poison in the 
other." 

If we are truly serious about assuming our role 
as parents, consistent with Latter-day Saint teachings, 



r 




Values 1nmWorld 
of (mange 






we must prove through our actions our sincere belief 
in the eternal values. We cannot stoop to hypocrisy, 
as exemplified by the parent who tells the school his 
child is ill at home when in reality he is on the ski 
slopes, or the parent who permits a child to drive a 
car before he is of legal age. When a parent shows 
contempt for regulations, his lessons on respect for 
the law are soon forgotten. If a parent only has the 
"Christmas and Easter" approach to his religious in- 



volvement, the child soon believes that keeping the 
commandments may not be so important after all. 
These are some of the areas that we might explore 
in reviewing our role as Latter-day Saint parents in 
a changing world. It must be recognized that a par- 
ent is, first of all, a leader, and that he must develop 
within himself to the best of his ability those unas- 
sailable qualities that enable him to say, as Jesus 
has said to all of us, "Come, follow me." O 



A Mother's Prayer 
By Marjorie K. Reynolds 



Thank you for his hands 

that he can catch a ball, 

And dress himself and hold his cup; 

Hang on so he wont fall. 

Thank you for his eyes 
that he can see to play, 
And read his hooks and look for 

shells, 
To know sunshine is day. 

Thank you for his feet 

that he can skip and run, 

And climb a tree and hop a fence 

And march with his toy gun. 



Thank you for his ears 
that he can hear his name, 
And Toby's bark and birds that 

sing 
And rain tliat falls the same. 



Thank you for his thoughts 

that he can wonder why, 

And watch the stars and feel the 

snow, 
To dream and plan and try. 



A. 



• *> 



feA* 



• ^ Jr * 






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Era May 67 



Dr. Quinn G. McKay, dean, school of business and 
economics at Weber State College, Ogden, Utah, is 
teachers quorum adviser in his ward and a consistent 
contributor to personnel management publications. 



• What are our attitudes toward people who are 
wealthier than we, or those who might be considered 
poor? Anyone who attempts to honestly discuss eco- 
nomic values often runs the risk of offending either 
the rich or the poor or both. The rich frequently 
seem to disparage the poor because of their poverty, 
and the poor often condemn and are covetous of the 
rich because of their accumulation of material goods. 
The rich may justify their position by pointing out 
such facts as that Peter was a businessman and must 
have had some means, while the poor may cite quota- 
tions of the Savior condemning the rich. 

It seems fairly safe to say that neither prosperity 
nor poverty, as such, has any virtue in and of itself. 
Unrighteous rich and unrighteous poor are equally 
condemned in Doctrine and Covenants 56:16-17. What 
poverty or prosperity does to one's relationship to God 
and his fellowmen is certainly the important thing. 
However, a tabulation of the statements of Christ for 
and against wealth and poverty, coupled with the his- 
tory recorded in the Book of Mormon, does indeed 
seem to indicate that of the two, riches are more to 
be feared. 

In the scriptures, practically every period of pros- 
perity led to unrighteousness. Measured by almost 
any standard, the Saints are now living in a period 



of prosperity and enjoy the luxury of material posses- 
sions unequalled in any other period of man's history. 
The oft-repeated statement attributed to one of the 
latter-day prophets, "The Saints can endure poverty 
much better than they can handle prosperity," should 
serve to encourage us all to raise questions about our 
economic values and make sure we are not going 
astray. 

Neither wealth nor poverty is an indication of 
worthiness. It is somewhat disturbing to hear more 
and more frequently the idea that if a person lives 
righteously, he will gain economically. This implies 
that if one is poor, he is not obeying God's command- 
ments. If it is argued that righteousness brings pros- 
perity, then those in poverty should be able to 
overcome their lot by repenting; hence, such reason- 
ing implies that their economic condition is evidence 
of failure to live a God-like life. Likewise, it also 
implies that accumulation of material goods is evi- 
dence of a more Christian way of life. But surely 
God does not equate righteousness with riches, nor 
use poverty as evidence of sinful living. 

Some people believe that accumulation of worldly 
goods is evidence of their having lived a good life. 
One author notes that many of the early founders of 
America were highly motivated by such a belief. They 
reasoned that if one lives God's laws, he will be 
blessed materially; thus if one has gained many 
material things, this must be verification of a God-like 
life. Two factors indicate that this reasoning cannot 
be valid: 

1. If wealth follows righteous living, it would then 



By Quinn G. McKay 



Values 



fnmr%op> 




"Neither wealth nor poverty is an 



Itm rJ*- ¥\i\ •' 



16 



Improvement Era 



appear that people who have no wealth are unrigh- 
teous—but wasn't Christ himself poor? 

2. If wealth follows righteous living, those who 
are most wealthy should be the most righteous. But 
wealth and poverty have little causal relationship to 
either righteousness or sinful living. 

We live in an age of great materialism, and at times 
we all tend to get caught up in the urge to get more 
money. In former days people lived in small towns 
and could get to know their neighbors on a close, 
personal basis that allowed them to evaluate others 
more honestly. 

Today, in our highly urbanized society, we come 
to know our neighbors less intimately, and the value 
of a man is often determined by fleeting glimpses 
of the make of his car, the clothing he wears, the size 
and location of his home, and a rumored amount of 
his income. This relative personal remoteness, 
coupled with the materialism of our society, tends 
to increase the urge of many to become more 
acquisitive. 

To help provide a basis for sound economic values 
in this world of change, it should be useful to discuss 
some of the reasons people may be poor or rich. 

First, why are people poor? Here are some possible 
reasons: 

1. Laziness. Yes, some people are poor because 
they are lazy. However, those who are wealthy are 
sometimes prone to judge this to be the major or sole 
reason for poverty. Evidence proves that the wealthy 
have no monopoly on hard work. We all know of poor 
people who work hard, and wealthy people who are 



quite lacking in industry. There must be other causes 
for poverty. 

2. Poor management, or lack of skills. This is prob- 
ably a more frequent cause of poverty than laziness. 
Many people just do not have the skills to make and 
manage money. Wealth is accumulated by following 
economic (material) principles, not spiritual princi- 
ples. Some people never learn these principles. Some 
perhaps don't feel that money is important, and thus 
they have not been motivated to develop necessary 
economic skills. 

3. Misfortune. Such things as ill health, death of 
the income earner, drought, fire, or an accident might 
also cause people to be poor. 

4. Poverty that is inherited. Children usually adopt 
the attitudes of their parents, and so the attitudes that 
made the parents poor are often passed on to their 
offspring. 

Why are people rich? Consider the following: 

1. Wealth that is inherited. Today there are few 
Horatio Algers who worked up the ladder from janitor 
to president of the company; many wealthy people of 
today inherited their wealth from their parents. 

2. Good management. We usually do well what 
we set our hearts on; thus, ". . . where your treasure 
is, there will your heart be also." (Matt. 6:21.) If a 
man thinks worldly wealth is important, he may set 
his goals toward attaining such wealth, develop the 
necessary skills, and concentrate his efforts, and often 
he will make money. 

3. Dishonesty. Regardless of the slogan "Honesty 
is the best policy," many people become wealthy 



indication of worthiness." 



May 1967 



17 



Unfortunately, many people spell $ucce$$ only one way. 



through dishonest and even illegal practices. This 
does not mean that all rich people are dishonest; it 
does mean that wealth cannot be used as an indication 
of righteousness. 

4. Good fortune. Being in the right place at the 
right time or being involved in some unforeseen hap- 
pening has made more than one man. rich. 

5. Hard work. This is another contribution to 
wealth, but usually it must be accompanied by good 
management. 

Suffice it to say, there are many other reasons for 
wealth and poverty than living or not living spiritual 
commandments. Worldly riches usually come to those 
who obey economic laws, and poverty to those who 
disobey economic laws. 

Since the words of scriptures and latter-day prophets 
seem to indicate the possession of riches to be the 
greater problem, our concern should be even height- 
ened in this day of bounteous material goods. 

Our motives are far more important than whether 
we have or have not. Years ago a young member of 
the Church set a goal to make a million dollars by 
the time he was 40 so he could then do as he wished. 
He reached this goal, and as far as can be discerned, 
he has used his wealth wisely. However, many others 
have attempted the same thing, and in the course of 
events their attitudes have changed. Avarice, greed, 
a desire for prestige, power, and ostentation have 
crept in, and they have completely forgotten Jacob's 
admonition in the Book of Mormon: 

". . . because some of you have obtained more 
abundantly than that of your brethren, ye are lifted 



up in the pride of your hearts, and wear stiff necks 
and high heads because of the costliness of your ap- 
parel, and persecute your brethren because ye suppose 
that ye are better than they. 

"But before ye seek for riches, seek ye for the king- 
dom of God. 

"And after ye have obtained a hope in Christ ye 
shall obtain riches, if ye seek them; and ye will seek 
them for the intent to do good— to clothe the naked, 
and to feed the hungry, and to liberate the captive, 
and administer relief to the sick and the afflicted." 
(Jac. 2:13, 18-19.) 

In most western societies today, money represents 
a certain degree of power and influence. Indeed, this 
is one of the prime motives for some who seek wealth. 
While this can be a real blessing, caution should be 
practiced to heed continually the warning: 

"We have learned by sad experience that it is the 
nature and disposition of almost all men, as soon as 
they get a little authority [power], as they suppose, 
they will immediately begin to exercise unrighteous 
dominion." (D&C 121:39.) 

Society today often equates success with money. 
When people refer to a man with means as success- 
ful, it doesn't take others long to determine that 
money may also win them the same title, and thus they 
often seek for success as measured by society. 

On the other hand, those who might be considered 
poor should assess their motives and make sure that 
justifying poverty by quoting scriptures is not just a 
salve to cover an indolent attitude. Each man should 
do all he is capable to provide his own support. 



Values 



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Here are some suggestions each of us might con- 
sider to help us maintain sound economic values in a 
hectic world of change: 

1. Periodically I will have a frank talk with myself 
about my attitudes toward those who are poorer and 
those who are richer than I. Does my behavior to- 
ward these people demonstrate that I regard each of 
them as my brother? Or do I attempt to avoid the 
poor because they are not "in my class"? Am I con- 
descending toward those who are poor? Do I curry a 
certain man's favor because he is rich? When I see 
a man who is poor, do I make a mental note that 
he must be lazy and irresponsible, not realizing that 
there may be valid reasons for his economic condition? 
Do I regard all rich as being dishonest or greedy? 

2. I will regularly ask myself searching questions 
and be tough-minded in my answers to check my 
feelings toward worldly wealth. Do I avoid avarice 
and greed? How much of my seeking after worldly 
wealth is honestly prompted by my wanting to pay 
more tithing or to give to the poor, and how much by 
wanting more recognition, power, influence, and 
prestige? . 

Do I give only of my surplus, or do I share also 
my necessities? How much does a keeping-up-with- 
the-Joneses attitude direct my attempts to get more 
money? Am I a "publican" who loves to be seen of 
men? 

How do I spell $ucce$$? If I have little worldly 
wealth, am I poor because I have not accepted 
my responsibility to my family? Have I made an 
honest effort to learn the skills necessary to provide 



my family with the economic necessities of life? 

3. I will make a self-evaluation to see if I have 
tended to lose sight of the purpose for which I was 
placed on earth— i.e., to develop God-like qualities. 
Brigham Young has said, "The Latter-day Saints who 
turn their attention to money-making soon become cold 
in their feelings toward the ordinances of the house 
of God." Does my behavior demonstrate that seeking 
the kingdom of God is my primary goal? Do I find 
it easier to forego my duties toward furthering the 
Lord's work in favor of things that will bring me either 
more money or worldly recognition? Do I really keep 
first things first? 

4. I will avoid debt. "Let us all be happy and live 
within our means, even if we have to borrow the 
money to do it with," said Artemus Ward. In a way, 
Mr. Ward's comment epitomizes our day. Con- 
sumer debt, along with bankruptcy, has been rising 
at an alarming rate. It is relatively easy for one to 
say, "I am different. Only those who don't know how 
to handle money go bankrupt." This may be true, 
but an alarming number of people who thought they 
knew how to handle debt have gone bankrupt. A key 
to avoiding debt is to save a portion of everything 
earned. With rare exception, only three things justify 
personal debt: buying a house, starting a business, 
and obtaining an education. 

5. I will pay my obligations. "A man who will not 
pay his honest debts is no Latter-day Saint, if he has 
the means to pay them," said Brigham Young. Too 
frequently we hear about people who are careless, 
neglectful, or even deceitful about their financial 




~^*&*ii' -&£•*.'£ ~ : 



obligations. Each of us should learn to be prompt 
and honest in money matters. 

6. I will return to the Lord his tithing, one-tenth 
of my increase. This is the nearest the Lord has 
come to giving us an economic law. However, even 
this is primarily a spiritual law. 

"We do too many right things for too many wrong 
reasons" is an oft-repeated statement. No one should 
pay tithing with as his main motivation the belief 
that by so doing he will become wealthy in worldly 
things. There is no doubt that a man will be blessed 
abundantly for paying tithing— perhaps- even with 



worldly goods. However, man should not obey the 
commandment just because he hopes it will return 
more money to satisfy his desire for material gain. 
Tithe payers should return the tenth because it is 
the right thing to do; they should obtain the personal 
development and strength that come from doing the 
right thing for the right reason. 

Continual vigil must be maintained to make certain 
we are not engulfed by the materialistic mindedness 
of our society. Each of us should cultivate, as prime 
virtues, industry, thrift, and a willingness to make his 
own way in life. O 



Two in a Garden 
By Webb Dycus 

Haze-muted, in the west the sinking sun 
Slipped dreamily below the ridge's rim, 
While mockingbirds and quail and warblers spun 
Sweet fabrications, and the light grew dim. 

A toad forsook his station by a plant, 
Fleeing the doom of an approaching hoe;< 
Above, a jet trailed plumes rose-radiant; 
And dusk obscured the far end of the row. 

Day music stilled, and whippoorwills charged in 
With ringing notes of pastoral renown. 
I watched the fireflies' mystic show begin. 
While we were gardening, night put gently down. 




%k mM- 




% 



There's one other 
tissue just as soft 
as (hi Hon 
faeial 







It eomes in rolls. 

Both the bathroom tissue 

and the facial tissue have the 

same touch of luxury— -in colors 

as gentle as the tissue itself. 

Two layers of tissue make Chiffon 

doubly soft and doubly strong. 

By the box, or by the roll. 




May 1967 



21 



s 

s 

i 



S 



1 
I 

I 



s 



• In identifying ancestors, 
genealogical researchers 
need the answers to four 
key questions regarding 
record sources: 

1. What types of records 
exist that will aid in the 
identification of ances- 
tors ? 

2. What periods of time 
do the existing records 
cover? 

3. What genealogical in- 
formation appears in the 
existing records? 

4. What is the avail- 
ability of existing records 
for searching? 

The chart and table that 
follow contain answers to 
the above questions for the 
major genealogical record 
sources of Ireland. The 
major sources are listed, 
together with type of rec- 
ord, period covered, type 
of information given, and 
source availability. 

Table A shows at a 
glance the record sources 
available for a research 
problem in a particular 
century. 

Table B provides more 
detailed information about 
the major records avail- 
able. For example, if a 
pedigree problem is in the 
seventeenth century, a 
quick indication can be 
obtained from Table A of 
the sources available for 
that period. Reference to 
Table B will then provide 
more complete informa- 
tion. 



Major Genealogical Record Sources 



MAJOR SOURCE AVAILABILITY 


BY CENTURY 
CENTURY 




TYPE OF RECORD 


16th 


17th 


18th 


19th 


20th 


1. Civil Registration 












2. Griffith's Valuation Lists 












3. Protestant Marriages 












4. Tithe Applotment Books 












5. Census Records 












6. Marriages in Dublin 












7. Roman Catholic Registers 












8. Presbyterian Registers 












9. County Militia Records 












10. Deeds & Land Records 












11. Anglican Church Registers 












12. Quaker Registers 












13. Probates 















MAJOR 


SOURCES CHRONOLOGICALLY ARRANGED 


TYPE OF 
RECORD 


PERIOD 
COVERED 


TYPE OF INFORMATION 
GIVEN 


AVAILABILITY 


1. CIVIL 

REGISTRA- 
TION 


1864 to 
present 


Births and deaths. Catholic mar- 
riages: names, dates, places, ages, 
occupations, parentage, residence 


Registrar General, Custom House, Dublin; 
index 1864-1957 on film (Genealogical So- 
ciety); original certificates, births 1864-1955, 
marriages 1864-1870; deaths 1864-1870, on 
film (GS) 


North of 
Ireland 


1922 to 
present 


Births, marriages, deaths: names, 
dates, places, ages, occupations, 
parentage, residence 


Central Registry Ofc. Fermanagh House, 
Ormeau Ave, Belfast; index and original 
certificates 1922-1959 on film (GS) 


Births 
at sea 


1864-1921 


Births at sea on British vessels 
when at least one parent is Irish: 
names, dates, parentage 


Registrar General, Custom House, Dublin 


Deaths 
at sea 


1864-1921 


Deaths at sea on British vessels 
of Irish persons: names, dates, 
ages, sometimes additional data 


Registrar General, Custom House, Dublin 


Births 
abroad 


1864-1921 


Births of children to Irish parents 
abroad certified by British consul: 
names, dates, parentage, sometimes 
additional data 


Registrar General, Custom House, Dublin 


Deaths 
abroad 


1864-1921 


Deaths of Irish persons abroad cer- 
tified by British consul: names, 
dates, parentage, sometimes addi- 
tional data 


On film (GS) ; Registrar General, Custom 
House, Dublin 


2. GRIFFITH'S 
VALUATION 
LISTS 


1850-1855 


Compiled for valuation and rating 
purposes, houses, tenements, lands: 
names of tenants, leasees, owners; 
name of parish 


Southern Ireland in print (GS) , Public Re- 
cords Office, Dublin, National Library of 
Ireland, Dublin; Northern Ireland on film 
(GS), Public Rec Ofc, Belfast 



S^^^^^ ^ ^^r^^^^^^^^^g^gg^ ^ ^g^^^ 



TYPE OF 
RECORD 


PERIOD 
COVERED 


TYPE OF INFORMATION 
GIVEN 


AVAILABILITY 


3. PROTES- 
TANT 
MARRI- 
AGES 
(Civil 
Registration) 


1845-1864 


Names, dates, ages, occupations, 
fathers' names and occupations, 
place of residence 


Registrar General, Custom House, Dublin; 
index and originals on film (GS) 


4. TITHE 
APPLOT- 
MENT 
BOOKS 


1824 


Lists all land holders, incl tenant 
farmers and leasees. Gives name 
of owner, tenant, or joint tenant, 
rate of tithe payable, the townland, 
parish, barony, and county 


Southern Ireland on film (GS) 


North of 
Ireland 


approx 

1822-1835 


Northern Ireland on film (GS) 


5. CENSUS 
RECORDS 


1821 


Names of all members of family, 
ages, occupations, relationships 


On film (GS), Public Rec Ofc, Dublin. Ma- 
jority destroyed. Extant are parishes begin- 
ning with A through T in County Meath, 
A-L in Co Galway, A-D in Co Offaly (Kings 
Co), A-R in Co Fermanagh, and A-M in Co 
Cavan 




1831 


Name of head of family, residence, 
number of males and number of 
females in family, number of ser- 
vants, religion 


On film (GS), Pub Rec Ofc, Dublin. Only 
one county preserved, Londonderry 




1841 


Names of all members of family, 
ages, occupations, relationships, 
year of marriage, education- 


On film (GS), Pub Rec Ofc, Dublin. Only 
one parish preserved, Killeshandra Parish, 
County Cavan 




1851 


Same as 1841 


On film (GS), Pub Rec Ofc, Dublin. All 
destroyed except Drumkerran Parish, Fer- 
managh, and the following parishes in An- 
trim: Carncastle, Kilwaughter, Rasharkin, 
Tickmarcrevan, Craigs (Ahoghill), Killead, 
Ballymoney, Aghagallon, Lame, Dunaghy, 
Aghalee, Ballinderry, Grange of Killyglen 




1901 


Complete identifying data 


Census returns of 1861, 1871, 1881, and 1891 
not preserved. The 1901 census is at the Pub 
Rec Ofc in Dublin but not available for 
searches 


6. MARRI- 
AGES 
IN 
DUBLIN 


1806-1837 


Registers of marriages in Dublin 
performed by the Rev. J. G. F. 
Schulze, minister of the German 
Protestant Church: names, dates, 
places, sometimes christenings and 
additional information 


On film (GS) ; Registrar General, Custom 
House, Dublin 


7. ROMAN 
CATHOLIC 
REGISTERS 


approx 
1800 to 
present, 
some 
earlier 


(In Latin) christenings, marriages, 
a few burials; christenings list 
names, dates, parentage, usually 
incl mother's maiden surname, 
names of godparents 


Local parish custody; microfilmed by Na- 
tional Library of Ireland (the staff does not 
search — it is necessary to have someone 
in Dublin search for you) 



.res&reftgttfess 




llustrated by Sherry Thompson 






^^^m^s^^^m^^ 



Q*A 



gt»s& *j>& w e im& 



Ireland 



(Continued from preceding page) 



TYPE OP 
RECORD 


PERIOD 
COVERED 


TYPE OF INFORMATION 
GIVEN 


AVAILABILITY 


8. PRESBY- 
TERIAN 
REGISTERS 


approx 
1800 to 
present, 
some earlier 
1674 ff 


Christenings: names of father and 
child, very rarely mother's name, 
dates, residence 

Marriages: names, dates, residence 


Local parish custody; earliest registers at 
the Presbyterian Historical Society, Belfast 


9. COUNTY 
MILITIA 
RECORDS 


approx 
1730-1920 


Usually name, birthplace, date of 
enlistment 


Public Record Office, London 


10. DEEDS & 
LAND 
RECORDS 


1708 to 
present 


Deeds of sale, trust mortgages, 
transfer leases, etc.: genealogical 
data varies 

Marriage settlements, transfer of 
property to bride and groom: often 
gives two and even three genera- 
tions of genealogical data 


Surname index and land index on film (GS) ; 
original deeds at Registry of Deeds, Henri- 
etta Street, Dublin 


11. ANGLICAN 
CHURCH 
REGISTERS 


approx 
18th C 
to present 


Christenings, marriages, burials: 
names, dates, ages, parentage, resi- 
dences, relationships, information 

varies 


Local parish custody; few in print (GS) 
many destroyed — for details of registers ex- 
tant see Deputy Keepers Reports (GS) 


12. QUAKER 
REGISTERS 


1655 to 
present 


Monthly meeting records contain 
births, marriages, deaths: names, 
dates, places, relationships, infor- 
mation varies — often quite detailed 


Society of Friends, 9 Eustace Street, Dublir 
(the staff does not search, need agent) 
Friends Meeting House, Lisburn, Antrim 


13. PROBATES 


1536 to 
present 


Names, dates, places, relationships, 
information varies 


Index of most, 1536-1917, on film (GS); few 
originals on film (GS); all Prerogative Couri 
wills prior to 1810 copied into pedigrees in 
"Betham MSS" (GS); originals scattered — 
Public Record Ofc, Dublin; Public Record 
Ofc, Belfast; Soc of Genealogists, London 



NOTE: In 1922 a civil war 
took place in the course of 
which the Public Records Of- 
fice, then called the Four 
Courts, was burned and the 
majority of the records 
therein were destroyed. That 
year a separate parliament 
and government were estab- 
lished at Belfast for North- 
ern Ireland, comprised of 
the counties of Antrim, Ar- 
magh, Down, Fermanagh, 
Londonderry, and Tyrone. 
The remainder of Ireland (26 
counties) set up a parliament 
and government in Dublin, 
first known as the Irish Free 
State, later as Eire, and since 
1948 as the Republic of Ire- 
land. This partition affected 
the keeping of vital statistics, 
and dating from 1922 the 
records pertaining to the six 
separate counties are kept in 
Belfast. Prior to 1920, Irish- 
men served in the British 
armed forces, since there was 
no official army or navy of 
Ireland. ° 




C^J 








&?#I&«sa63g3f3g3y jf& m%%: 3% iftgSBSfoES 




Nanette 



I gave you life 

Those years ago, 

My middle child, 

And watched you grow 

A lovely child of God. 

You oft would say to me: 

"Mother, 

I've found some flowers 

In a tree. 

Come with me." 

I went to see 
New beauty 
Living there, 
Untouched by 
Human 
Hands. 



"Mother, 

I've found some 

Kittens. 

Come with me." 

I went 
To feel the 
Warmth of new life 
And understand. 

"Mother, 

I've heard a song 
That matches the stars. 
Come with me." 

I went 

And heard the 
Angels singing 
In your heart. 

"Mother, 

I've found a friend. 

Come meet her." 



I went 

To see the sweetest 

Girl, with laughter in 

Her eyes, God's 

Message on her 

Lips. I loved her, too. 

"Mother, 

I've found a church 
That is true. 
Come with me." 



I went, 
And all the 
Beauty of the 
World was there. 
Christ's Church 
Upon this earth, 
Restored. 



24 





I went, 

And as the waters 

Rippled o'er my 

Face, strong arms 

Held me, and a stronger love 

I knew that God 

Was near— those 

Hands upon my 

Head with the 

Gift of the Holy Ghost. 

All these things 
You brought to 
Me, my child. 
And I only 
Gave you 
Life! " 



May 1967 




GET SET FOR A GREAT 
SUMMER OF 




I EARIMIIMG 




1967 BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY 
Summer 





Fun - filled days of supervised vacation, 

learning, and personal development on a 

modern university campus. 



2nd Annua! 

Theatre Workshop 

June 12 — July 14 

Intensive classes in acting, voice, interpreta- 
tion, makeup, costuming, lighting, scenery 
construction and design. 



3rd Annual (Girls) 

B.Y.U. Youth Academy 

June 19-30 and July 3-14 

Kaleidoscope of learning and fun — stimu- 
lating classes and special excursions — 
a dream vacation for girls. 

9th Annual (Boys) 

B.Y.U. Youth Clinic 

June 19-30 and July 3-14 

Well-rounded boys' program including athletic 

and academic courses, wholesome fun and 

fellowship. 



23rd Annual 

Summer Music Clinic 

July 31 — August 12 

Exciting summer music vacation — intensive 

training in band, choral, orchestra, and 

ensemble work. 

11th Annual 

High School 
Publications Workshop 

August 7-11 

Practical experience in journalism — work- 
shops in newspaper and yearbook production, 
advertising and photography. 



FOR BROCHURES AND INFORMATION 

Write 

YOUTH PROGRAMS 

Special Courses and Conferences 

242-E HRCB, Brigham Young University 

Provo, Utah 84601 



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The Era Asks 

How Are We Using Electronic 
Mast Media to Spread the Gospel? 



Few persons are better qualified to discuss Church electronic communi- 
cations than Brother Arch L. Madsen, president of Bonneville Interna- 
tional Corporation (the firm that directs all of the broadcasting interests 
of the Church ) and member of the boards of the National Association of 
Broadcasters and the Radio Advertising Bureau. 




Arch L. Madsen 



Q — Why are electronic mass media 
so important to the Church? 

A — Because they are such effective 
communication tools. In the United 
States, people spend more time 
with television and radio than with 
all other types of mass communica- 
tions combined. This pattern is 
spreading worldwide. For example, 
94 percent of U.S. homes have 
television, and nearly one-third 
have two or more sets. The average 
set is on an average of five and a 
half hours daily. Some 98 percent 
of U.S. homes have radios— a total 
of 258 million sets— and have them 
on an average of 2.8 hours daily. 
There are now more TV and radio 
sets abroad than in the U.S., and 
the number is growing rapidly. 

The answer concerning the new 
media's importance also lies in an 
understanding of the world's rising 
population figures. Experts esti- 
mate that one billion people lived 
at the time of the Restoration, three 
and a half billion are now living, 
and seven billion will be living by 
the year 2000. As a Church, our 
task is to fulfill the Lord's purposes 
and carry the truth forward until, 
as the Prophet Joseph Smith said, 
". . . it has penetrated every conti- 
nent, and sounded in every ear. . . ." 



Q — What are the main tools of 
electronic mass communication? 

A — Standard AM radio, FM radio, 
television, shortwave radio, direct 
telephone lines, and cable. There 
are over 4,100 AM and 1,500 FM 
broadcasting stations in the United 
States and over 6,000 AM-FM sta- 
tions abroad. Standard AM radio, 
once thought to be dead under the 
threat of TV, has now boomed 
back, thanks to the invention of 
the transistor. 

Q — How has the transistor altered 
world communications? 

A — It has opened the doors of 
knowledge to literally millions. 
Some claim the invention of the 
transistor will be recorded by fu- 
ture historians as a miracle greater 
than the invention of the printing 
press. One basis for such a state- 
ment is that approximately half of 
the world's population is illiterate. 
A great behavioral scientist has 
said that unless unexpected condi- 
tions develop, more than half of 
the world's children between the 
ages of five and 19 will never see 
a schoolroom. The only way we 
can reach hundreds of millions of 
people is by speaking to them in 
their language. People in even 



TV director follows score , selects 
camera angles for choir broadcast. 




Newsman addresses Latin American audiences. 



KSL engineer oversees four TV camera mon- 
itors of general conference broadcast. 



28 





Artist's rendering of new KIRO broadcasting complex, Seattle. 



VJNYW announcer in broadcast to Africa , Latin Americ; 



KIRO remote studio is in Seattle's World's Fair Space Needle. 



Production of English LDS programming for shortwave transmission. 




the most poverty-stricken villages 
around the world now listen daily 
to either a privately owned or a 
village-owned transistor radio. 

Q — What communication facilities 
does the Church have? 

A — The Church presently has fi- 



WRFM antennas atop Empire State building 
beam to metropolitan New York. 




Spanish-speaking announcer of WNYW. 




nancial interest in a grouping of 
television and AM and FM radio 
stations in four U.S. cities: Salt 
Lake City, Seattle, Boise, and 
Idaho Falls. In addition, an appli- 
cation is pending before the 
Federal Communications Commis- 
sion ( FCC ) to approve the Church 
purchase of an AM-FM radio sta- 
tion in Kansas City, Missouri. The 
Church owns WNYW, which is a 
complex of five international short- 
wave transmitters, plus a powerful 
FM station, WRFM, New York 
City, which just moved its trans- 
mitter and antenna to the top of 
the Empire State Building. Two ad- 
ditional stations, KBYU-TV and 
KBYU-FM, are operated by Brig- 
ham Young University. 

Q — What programs does the 
Church make available for broad- 
casting? 

A — The oldest program the Church 
uses in standard AM radio is the 
weekly Tabernacle Choir broadcast 
with Elder Richard L. Evans. This 
is broadcast over the CBS Radio 
Network, by tape over an addi- 
tional 100 radio stations in the U.S. 
and Canada, and over Voice of 
America, Armed Forces Network, 
and WNYW. This program is also 
broadcast weekly over nearly 100 
radio stations in South America 
with translated commentary. 

Special programs by the choir 
are also released in beautiful stereo- 
phonic sound by a growing number 
of FM stereo stations, including 
our own family of FM stereo sta- 
tions: KIRO-FM, Seattle; KSL-FM, 
Salt Lake City; WRFM, New York; 
KID-FM, Idaho Falls; KBOI-FM, 



Boise; and soon, we hope, KMBR- 
FM, Kansas City. 

Hundreds of stations provide 
large daily audiences for the choir's 
music through recordings. In fact, 
management in a leading station in 
the East requires the playing of 
four choir numbers per day as sta- 
tion policy. 

Another popular standard radio 
series is Elder Sterling W. Sill's 
talks, which are taped and used 
weekly by approximately 400 sta- 
tions in the United States and 
Canada. 

We also have a six-hour program 
from midnight to 6 a.m. Sunday, 
"Prelude to the Sabbath," which is 
heard over KSL and KIRO and in 
which we have invited many faiths 
to participate with us. It is an un- 
derstatement to say that we have 
learned much from other churches 
and faiths in the use of radio and 
TV. 

General conference is heard over 
50 radio stations in the U.S., Can- 
ada, and Mexico and released over 
five stations in South America in 
Spanish and Portuguese. Over KSL 
and KIRO we have three four-hour 
rebroadcasts of general conference, 
beginning at 1 a.m., local time. 

Q — What has been the response to 
these rebroadcasts? 

A — From one rebroadcast we re- 
ceived responses from 40 states, 27 
countries, and three ships at sea. 
A Relief Society president in Sa- 
moa, with her radio antenna tied 
to a palm tree, reported good re- 
ception. A Latter-day Saint woman 
in Canada awoke one morning at 
3 a.m. to the voice of President 



Improvement Era 



David O. McKay on her radio and 
soon gathered her entire family, 
who listened nightly thereafter. 

Q — Church members have read 
much in the past few years about 
our involvement in international 
or shortwave radio. Why are we so 
extensively committed to it? 
A — To most Americans, interna- 
tional or shortwave radio is just a 
hobby. But for most of the world 
it is a great lifeline that blankets 
the globe. There are over 3,000 
shortwave transmitters and 100 
million shortwave receivers in op- 
eration worldwide. Of the seven 
privately owned international short- 
wave transmitters licensed in the 
U.S. by the FCC, the Church owns 
five. Our transmitters operate 
under the WNYW call letters, with 
transmitters near Boston and stu- 
dios in New York City. 

Using all five transmitters, we 
broadcast daily 56 hours in English 
and 24 hours in Spanish. We plan, 
in the near future, to broadcast also 
in Portuguese, French, and Ger- 
man. One of the conditions upon 
which our license is granted is that 
we reflect the culture and princi- 
ples of America. Although 95 per- 
cent of the WNYW programming is 
not Church material, we have 15 
programs weekly in English and 
another 15 in Spanish presenting 
Church news, doctrine, and culture. 
We also broadcast the Tabernacle 
Choir and sessions of general con- 
ference over these facilities. 

i 

Q — What is the potential audience 

of these facilities? 

A — Over one billion people (about 
one-third of the world's popula- 



May 1967 



tion) and about one-half of the 
world's surface are within the 
WNYW signal coverage. Recently 
the FCC gave us authorization to 
increase the power of our WNYW 
stations by many times their pres- 
ent level. We hope to start con- 
struction of this powerful new 
plant very soon on 800 acres of 
land in New Jersey. 

Q — What has been the response to 
these shortwave broadcasts? 

A — From one shortwave conference 
broadcast we received more than 
900 letters from 37 states, 61 coun- 
tries, and eight ships at sea. Surveys 
show that international radio audi- 
ences are a younger audience, pre- 
dominately young men who are 
college-educated. A letter came 
from one in Mexico, saying, "Last 
Sunday afternoon I was listening 
to the shortwave and heard the 
mighty organ from the Salt Lake 
City Temple and I heard the ser- 
mons in Spanish. Will you please 
tell the missionaries to come and 
find me?" A student in Bogota, 
Colombia, wrote, "I have never 
heard of your church before. Are 
there any people in the country of 
Colombia that could help me un- 
derstand more of your religion?" 

Q — How extensively does the 
Church use telephone lines and 
direct oceanic cable in broad- 
casting? 

A — We have used telephone lines 
for some years for closed system 
broadcasts of general conference 
priesthood sessions and reached by 
this method over 500 chapels in 
the U.S. and Canada for our re- 
cent conference. Fifty-five chapels 




K/RO executive giving TV editorial. 

Records and taped music play an important 
part in radio broadcasting. 








WNYW "hit parade" disc jockey. 




The Promise 
By Elizabeth Shafer 

"What is it, David?" 

"Laura, come with me. 
There's something out here I want you to see." 
"Wait till I fetch my bonnet. Is it far?" 
"No, just beyond the ridge. Not very far." 

They left the cabin-. David took her hand. 
The sun that morning lay hot upon the land 
Where, only iveeks before, the snow had lain 
So deep it seemed that winter must remain 
Forever in that remote and barren place. 
All winter long they seldom saw a face 
Save Indians, a Mexican or two, 
Or a wild, bearded trapper passing through. 
If spring should ever come, that very day 
She'd pack, Laura declared, and go away! 
Then, close in David's arms, "Oh, David, dear, 
If you can show me one thing lovely here, 
One single flower, even in this place, 
I'll stay." 

"You are," he said, and kissed her face. 
And she had stayed. The winter left at last, 
And spring and summer came. The hot days passed. 

"What is it, David? Are we almost there?" 
"Almost. Beyond the ridge." He pointed where 
Vast virgin meadow stretched before their eyes. 
Atop the waving grass gay butterflies 
Appeared to float: lavender, yellow, white. 
"David! How beautiful!" Her eyes were bright. 
"Don't cry. That Spanish fellow up the draw 
Says they're called mariposa. When I saw 
Them blooming here, I thought of you. See how 
They sway so light and lovely? Laura, now 
Remember your promise? Don't ever go away." 
Smiling, she put her hand in his. "I'll stay." 



32 



in England, Austria, and Germany 
received conference by direct 
oceanic cable. 

Q — Is TV significant outside the 
United States? 

A — Yes. Television is a popular 
and rapidly growing means of com- 
munication throughout the world. 
Even tiny Samoa has more than 
500 operating sets; Japan has 
nearly 20 million TV sets; but no 
other nation equals the U.S. total 
of over 69 million sets. 

Q — How is the Church using the 
medium of television? 

A — Recent innovations in TV and 
its film reproduction are remark- 
able. It is now possible to televise 
an event live and to simultaneously 
feed the electronic signal into a 
device called a kinescope (film 
recorder) and receive 90 seconds 
later a ready-to-project 16 mm. 
sound-on-film. With the use of 
the machine we film general con- 
ference and the Tabernacle Choir 
broadcasts for use in other nations. 
One of the advantages of this film 
recording machine is that we can 
attach a sound track in any lan- 
guage we desire, with reasonably 
good synchronization of sound and 
lips. Utilizing these techniques, we 
have prepared Church TV and film 
programs in Spanish, Portuguese, 
French, German, and Mandarin 
Chinese. 

The Tabernacle Choir broadcast 
is presently on 12 U.S. TV stations, 
including KTLA in Los Angeles. 
We are presently preparing a 13- 
week youth Sunday School tele- 
vision series, using illustrated Bible 
stories. We also commenced an- 
other TV series that acquaints 
viewers with interesting Latter-day 
Saints and our way of life. Elder 
Sill's 15-minute programs are also 
being readied for a 13-week TV 
series. 

Perhaps the most amazing 
Church story of TV, however, is 
its use for general conference. In 



Improvement Era 



October 1961, 21 TV stations car- 
ried conference. At the April 
conference just passed, over 240 TV 
stations carried all or part of con- 
ference. 

Q — What do you think the future 
holds for broadcasting of the 
gospel? 

A — All of the various media of 
communication will continue to 
grow in popularity and maturity, 
and the Church's use of these mar- 
velous tools will become an ever 
more meaningful way of spreading 
the gospel. In fact, in a few years 
we may have a monumental break- 
through with the use of relay satel- 
lites that have been thrust 22,000 
miles into space. Through these 
satellites we will be able to relay 
our programs with excellent pic- 
tures and sound quality to radio 
and TV stations around the world. 
We feel that our Father in heaven 
has given the world radio and TV 
to help all of his children come to a 
better understanding of truth. Our 
challenge is to find out what we 
should say and how we should say 
it to be. most effective. 

Q — Do you envision that the new 
media will outmode personal mis- 
sionary contact? 

A — Never. Important as mass elec- 
tronic communications are, we must 
always remember that broadcasts 
have never baptized a single per- 
son. Mass media can help erase 
prejudice and ignorance, create a 
desire in people to know more, 
cause strangers to ponder questions, 
give answers to friends, build faith 
among members, and give oppor- 
tunities to missionaries (which all 
of us are ) . Its major function is to 
prepare the way. There is no sub- 
stitute for personal communica- 
tion, and it's obvious that if we are 
to fulfill the Lord's commandment 
to carry the gospel to every nation, 
kindred, tongue, and people, we 
have a tremendous amount of com- 
municating to do. O 



Richard L. Evans 

The Spoken Word 



The Humor That Offends 



We have perhaps all known people who didn't seem able to pass 
up a bad joke or a cutting comment, no matter how poor in 
taste it was, no matter who was hurt. "Anything for a laugh," 
as a vernacular saying says it—but often a laugh at a very high price. 
"The unpolite, impulsive man," said Samuel Smiles, "will sometimes 
rather lose his friend than his joke. He may surely be pronounced a 
very foolish person who secures another's hatred at the price of a 
moment's gratification. . . . Spite and ill-nature [and bad humor] are 
among the most expensive luxuries of life." 1 The uses and abuses of 
humor are many: good and bad humor, kind and unkind humor, clean 
and unclean humor— even ill humor, which is, indeed, "among the most 
expensive luxuries of life." "No mind is thoroughly well organized," said 
Samuel Coleridge, "that is deficient in a sense of humour." 2 "The best 
humor," as Thackeray observed, "is that which contains most humanity, 
that which is flavored throughout with tenderness and kindness." 3 "The 
essence of humour," Carlyle added, "is sensibility; warm tender fellow- 
feeling." 4 If it is clean and kindly, humor relieves and lubricates life 
and draws people closer and warms the heart. The sincere smile and 
gentle laughter are a blessing without which the days would be dreary— 
but not giddy, light-minded laughter; not loud, harsh laughter; not 
laughter that is unkind, crude, and cruel; not laughter that has evil 
overtones. There is a merciless kind of humor, humor based on distress- 
ing and unsympathetic situations. And there is humor that is altogether 
evil in essence, false humor founded on immoral suggestiveness, on 
embarrassment; humor that would offend the mind of a clean man, 
contrived to be funny, but basically filthy. Kindly humor and gentle 
laughter do much to relieve the tensions of life, but there is no proper 
place for humor at the expense of hurt hearts, or humor that emerges 
from debased minds and morals. He who would "rather lose his friend 
than his joke," as Samuel Smiles said, "may surely be pronounced a 
very foolish person"— for no man can afford the humor that offends. 

•X- "The Spoken Word" from Temple 
Square, presented over KSL and the Columbia Broad- 
casting System February 19, 1967. Copyright 1967. 

1 Samuel Smiles, Character: Manner— Art, Ch. 9. 2 Samuel 

T. Coleridge, Table Talk. s William M. Thackeray, 

Lecture: Charity, and Humor. ^Thomas 

Carlyle, Essays: Richter. 



These Changeless Verities 
By Mary L Lusk 

Were I to orbit through infinity, 

These changeless verities would go with me 

Faith in the Maker of our universe, 

Love for my loved ones, a need to be 

Always and ever — an entity. 



May 1967 



33 



A firsthand report 

of the conversion and faith 
of some Italian Latter-day Saints. 




Iff £ 





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Ye Have My Promise 



By Barbara T. Jacobs 



• "For where two or three are 
gathered together in my name, 
there am I in the midst of them." 
(Matt. 18:20.) 

During the three months my hus- 
band and I and our four children 
drove a camper from Rotterdam to 
Jerusalem, then back to Austria, we 
sought out many groups of Saints 
who were gathered together in one 
of our Heavenly Father's houses of 
worship and experienced the great 
truth of this scripture. Always we 
found the room filled with his 
Spirit. It made little difference 
whether our familiar hymns were 
being sung in Dutch, German, or 
English, or whether we could un- 
derstand the message presented in 
Sunday School lessons or sacrament 
meeting talks; the important truth 
was that almost everywhere we 
went we were able to find at least 
a few Mormons, and when we 



joined with them in their services, 
we felt strengthened and renewed 
and ready to venture once more 
into the unknown. 

We had not expected to enjoy 
such church connections once we 
reached the Middle East, and it 
was quite by accident that we 
learned of the small servicemen's 
groups that are faithfully function- 
ing there. This is how it all 
happened. 

Driving into Frankfurt, Germany, 
one Saturday evening at dusk, we 
began our search for the Church so 
that we might attend Sunday 
School the following morning. Re- 
peated telephone calls to the num- 
bers listed in the telephone directory 
for the chapel and the mission 



home brought no answer, and we 
settled into slumber greatly dis- 
appointed. The let-down feeling 
persisted the following morning, 
and we resolved to locate a tele- 
phone booth and try once more 
before admitting defeat. This time, 
a missionary at the mission home 
answered the phone. He told us if 
we could be there in 15 minutes, 
he would direct us to the chapel. 
By dressing as we drove, we made 
the deadline, met him as planned, 
and were present when services 
began. 

Surprisingly enough, the chapel 
was the same one we had visited 
seven years before, and sitting in 
the audience was Deon Greer, a 
native Utahn, whom we had not 



Barbara Tietjen Jacobs is a BYU Education Week instructor, an accomplished 
string musician, and Laurel leader in the Oak Hills (Provo) 4th Ward. 



Roma, the interpreter. 



Tiny chapel is in this home. 



The Snaideros, Brother Pittina, Roma, author. 



Brother Pittina, Snaideros in home-chapel. 




seen since the last time we entered 
this room and found him leading 
the discussion in the Gospel Doc- 
trine class. Deon and his wife had 
just driven from England most of 
the night in order to be present for 
church that morning. 

When Deon learned that we 
were contemplating driving through 
Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey, Syria, 
Lebanon, and Jordan in a camper 
with no planned itinerary or con- 
nections, he took us to meet a friend 
of his, Capt. Dave Weiland, pilot 
in the United States Air Force, 
chorister of the Frankfurt Branch, 
and a recent convert to the Church. 
Dave had flown on many missions 
to the Middle East. Not only did 
he give us sound advice about road 
conditions and things to do and see, 
but he also offered us the names 
and addresses of friends along the 
way. 

"But these are your friends. We 
would be total strangers. How 
could we possibly knock on their 



doors and ask for help?" we asked. 

"You are Mormons, aren't you?" 

"Of course," I replied. 

"Well, so are they. And if you 
need help, whether it be to locate 
a doctor or take a bath in their 
tub or wash some clothes in their 
washing machine or locate safe 
food and water, you'll be taken 
care of. Wouldn't you do the same 
for any of your brothers and sisters 
in the gospel?" 

"Of course," I once more replied. 

And it was just as Dave said it 
would be. The Saints shared their 
homes and themselves with us 
whenever we gave them an oppor- 
tunity to do so. And always these 
groups of Saints were carrying on 
their church responsibilities in spite 
of hardships and handicaps. The 
six families living at Yalova, Tur- 
key, for instance, drove 30 minutes 
over treacherous roads in order to 
reach their meeting place at Kara- 
musel, while the seven Latter-day 
Saint families in Adana, Turkey, 



The branch at Aviano, Italy. The Saints of Vicenza, Italy. 

MA 




couldn't begin any of their Sunday 
meetings until 1 p.m., for they 
shared the military chapel with 
other denominations on the base. 

In Italy we found that our 
Church binds Latter-day Saints to- 
gether by giving meaning, warmth, 
and security to their existence. In 
Vicenza, as elsewhere, the service- 
men's group was small; yet all of 
the organizations met regularly and 
were fully staffed, even though it 
meant that the president of the Re- 
lief Society was also counselor in 
the Primary and a teacher in the 
Sunday School. Typical of this 
group's enthusiasm and devotion 
was the monthly trip by Branch 
President Clinton Gillespie to do 
his home teaching to the one couple 
living at Verona, 30 miles away. 
Furthermore, one night a month the 
entire Relief Society membership 
boarded the train and went to 
Verona to enable one lone sister to 
participate in their Relief Society 
meeting. 

The first Saturday night after we 
arrived in Vicenza, we attended a 
district conference of the Vicenza- 
Verona-Aviano Saints. All together 
we did not fill many benches in the 
military chapel, and as Elder Ezra 
Taft Benson stood behind the pul- 
pit surveying his eager audience, 
he began his remarks with the quo- 
tation from Matthew: "For where 
two or three are gathered together 
in my name, there am I in the midst 
of them." 

At the conclusion of his inspiring 
address, he announced that he 
would like to hear from one of the 
Italian members present. Quickly 
all eyes shifted to three elderly 
people sitting on a bench midway 
back. John M. Russon, then serv- 
ing as president of the Swiss Mis- 
sion, arose and called Brother 
Pittina to the stand. For the next 
ten minutes, with an interpreter 
translating for us, we listened to 
what the gospel of Jesus Christ 



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means to one of his servants. 

From the moment of this first 
meeting I felt a great desire to 
know more about these three con- 
verts to the Church who had trav- 
eled nearly four hours from 
their village near the Yugoslavian 
border to attend this conference. 
Thus I was delighted when our 
family was invited to join the 
Aviano Saints in their pilgrimage to 
Comerzo to take Christmas gifts 
to these Italian Saints. Since the 
Italian members spoke no English 
and we knew only a dozen or so 
Italian words, we took with us an 
interpreter, Roma Bortotto, a 
charming Italian girl who was 
corresponding secretary for the 
Italian members in the Swiss Mis- 
sion. 

As we headed north through the 
lovely Italian countryside, we asked 
Roma to tell us about her own con- 
version to the Church. For more 
than an hour her story held us 
spellbound. Her mother died when 
she was five years old and her 
father and sisters had reared her as 
a Catholic. Upon completing the 
fifth grade she went to work in a 
factory that prepared silk thread 
from the cocoons of silkworms. 
Every morning, six days a week, she 
left her home in Susegana and 
walked for an hour to reach the fac- 
tory where she worked for nine 
more hours. 

By the time she was nineteen 
years old she was suffering from 
rheumatism, which had grown so 
acute that her doctor recommended 
she leave her home and family to 
seek domestic service in England. 
After working eight months in Eng- 
lish homes, she found a better- 
paying position in a hospital and 
moved into one of its dormitories. 
One night, feeling quite discour- 
aged, she began to smoke; suddenly 
she felt guilty about the cigarette 
in her hand. Offering a secret 
prayer, she told her Heavenly 
Father that she would quit smoking 
if he really wanted her to do so. 



Once a month an entire Relief Society 
entrains to visit one lone sister. 



Soon thereafter a French girl 
who had been baptized a member 
of the Church by the missionaries 
in France moved into the dormitory 
room next to Roma's. She had 
previously worked at the hospital 
for a year and a half in order to 
learn English and then had gone 
back to France and applied for a 
visa to come to the United States. 
For reasons unknown to herself, 
she had decided to return to the 
hospital in England and wait her 
last three months there before 
sailing. Thus Roma first heard 
about the Church and received her 
inspiration as to its truthfulness 
from this French friend. 

After her baptism Roma felt such 
an urgent desire to fulfill a mission 
for her new church that before 
long she was an active proselyting 
missionary in the Swiss Mission. At 
the end of two years she returned 
to Italy and tried in every way pos- 
sible to help with the spreading of 
the gospel in her native country. 

After driving three hours through 
drizzling rain with Roma, we 
reached Pordenone, where the 
Aviano Saints were waiting for us. 
Here we formed a five-car caravan 
and drove first to Buia to leave 
some of our gaily wrapped gifts 
with Brother and Sister Pittina. 
Stealthily we slid out of our cars 
and grouped ourselves in a semi- 
circle outside their home; then, 
when the signal was given, high- 
pitched children's voices blended 
with mature mellow ones in singing 
with great gusto, "We Wish You a 
Merry Christmas!" 

The Pittinas opened their door, 
and the look of happy surprise on 
their faces was one not soon to be 
forgotten. Their daughter scurried 
about the neighborhood borrowing 
extra chairs for us to sit on, but it 



was not possible to bring them in, 
for there was hardly space enough 
for us even to stand. We sang all 
the Christmas carols we could re- 
member, and then, after many 
handshakes and "buon natales" we 
headed for Comerzo to call on the 
Snaideros. Again we were warmly 
welcomed, and once more we re- 
joiced that we could bring a bit 
of brightness into the lives of these 
loyal but lonely members of the 
Church. 

After being served cookies by 
Sister Snaidero and suffering 
through an awkward pause waiting 
for one of the children in our group 
to recite a Christmas poem he had 
learned in Italian especially for 
this occasion, the Aviano Saints 
began their homeward trek. Brother 
Pittina had peddled several miles 
down the rolling foothills on his 
bicycle to join us at the Snaidero 
home, and so my husband and I 
remained behind for answers to 
some of the questions racing 
through our minds. 

"How old are you and your wife, 
and when did you become members 
of the Church?" we asked Brother 
Snaidero. 

"I am 80 years old and my wife 
is 70. We first heard about the 
Church when we went to France to 
visit our daughter, but we were 
converted later in Bologna by an 
Italian who had received our name 
from the French missionaries. It 
has been 14 years since Brother 
Cagli baptized us in a swimming 
pool." 

"Did your daughter ever join the 
Church?" 

"Oh, yes. Actually, she joined be- 
fore we did, and she is now living 
in Salt Lake City and has a son on 
a mission in Switzerland," he proud- 
ly added. 



38 



Improvement Era 



"What about you, Brother Pit- 
tina? How did you become 
converted to the Church?" 

"I have been a member since 
1956. I chanced to hear about Mor- 
monism one night after I had been 
to the hospital to visit a friend. As 
I was walking home, a gentleman 
named Santo Beltrame joined me 
and we began talking about re- 
ligion, even though we were total 
strangers. A year and a half later, 
Brother Snaidero baptized me. My 
wife is not a member," he added 
wistfully, "but I hope some day 
she will join." 

"It is a long way to Pordenone 
where the Aviano Saints meet," I 
remarked. "Without a car, how do 
you three ever manage to get to 
Church?" 

"We have our own chapel right 
here in this house. Would you 
like to see it?" 

Sister Snaidero opened a door 
leading from her kitchen-living 
room and we entered the tiniest 
chapel we had ever seen. The 
room could not have been more 
than 8' x 14' in size. Glancing 
quickly around the room, I noticed 
four little wicker chairs with coral 
seat cushions and a bare wooden 
floor. There was a potted fern in 
one corner of the room and a pink 
iron stove in another. The inside 
of the door was painted bright yel- 
low, and from a blue and gold light 
fixture dangled a bare light globe. 
At the lone window hung crisp 
white organdy curtains speckled 
with pink and blue polka dots. At 
the north end of the room stood a 
cloth-draped table on top of which 
was a smaller lace cloth, a vase 
filled with fragrant roses, and a 
little blue pulpit. But what in- 
trigued me the most was the un- 
usual assortment of items hanging 
on the white plaster walls. Besides 
coat pegs, a small blackboard, and 
a poster listing in French seven 
keys to eternal salvation, there was 
a picture of the Salt Lake Temple, 
another of a house in the Alps, and 



May 1967 



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39 



one of Joseph Smith, Oliver Cow- 
dery, and John the Baptist with a 
quotation from John 11:40 under- 
neath: "Said I not unto thee, that, 
if thou wouldest believe, thou 
shouldest see the glory of God?" 

Another picture, showing a sail- 
boat on a lake, was inscribed with 
a quotation from Matthew 28:20: 
"Teaching them to observe all 
things whatsoever I have com- 
manded you: and, lo, I am with you 
alway, even unto the end of the 
world. Amen." 

And framed by themselves were 
the fourth and fifth verses of the 
twenty-fifth Psalm: "Shew me thy 
ways, O Lord; teach me thy paths. 
"Lead me in thy truth, and teach 
me: for thou art the God of my 
salvation; on thee do I wait all the 
day." 

"How long have you been using 
this little chapel?" I asked Sister 
Snaidero. 

"For thirteen years now. It used 
to be my kitchen," she confided. 
"I noticed that it is three or four 
miles from Brother Pittina's home 
to here. Surely he doesn't try to 
come down when the weather is 
bad, does he?" 

"Brother Pittina is 73 years old, 
but his faith is so great that every 
Sunday morning he peddles down 
on his bicycle, whether in snow or 
rain. We have almost a hundred 
percent attendance, for in eight 
years he has only missed coming 
once! 

"What a marvelous record. But 
surely he doesn't try to make the 
trip twice every Sunday. Do you 
have just one meeting?" 

"No, Brother Pittina comes Sun- 
day morning and stays all day with 
us. We have a meeting when he 
arrives, during which we partake 
of the sacrament, and another short 
meeting in the afternoon, but with 
no sacrament this time." 

"Tell me what else you do during 
your meetings." 

"After an opening hymn and 
prayer, we take turns reading out 



of the Book of Mormon and the 
Bible and discussing what we have 
read. Then we conclude with a 
closing hymn and another prayer." 
The same thought struck my 
husband and me simultaneously, 
and while he hurried out to the car 
to get the tape recorder, I asked 
Sister Snaidero if she and her hus- 
band and Brother Pittina would 
please sing one of their hymns for 
us. 

We handed Brother Snaidero the 
small microphone without realizing 
that he had never seen a tape re- 
corder before. He did what seemed 
natural to him— he placed the mike 
next to his ear. Gently we moved 
his mike-holding hand from his ear 
to his lips. 

Still he seemed to be confused, 
for he began putting the mike into 
his opened mouth. After a quick 
demonstration, Brother Snaidero 
finally understood that he was to 
speak into this strange object, and 
he proceeded to give his name and 
bear a fervent testimony. 

When he had finished, we re- 
wound the tape and played it back 
for him. Complete disbelief and 
astonishment flooded his face. He 
simply couldn't imagine what had 
happened. 

However, after the surprise and 
shock had worn off, he found it 
all delightfully amusing, and he 
had to hold his sides to keep from 
exploding in laughter. Jis we left 
Brother and Sister Snaidero and 
Brother Pittina standing in the 
doorway and began walking toward 
our car, Brother Snaidero called 
out to us, and Roma turned to 
answer, "Si." 

"What did he say, Roma?" 

"He wants to know if his voice 
is still inside your little box," she 
replied. 

Great flakes of snow were gently 
falling from a darkened sky as we 
hurried into our camper and settled 
ourselves for the long journey 
home. 

None of us spoke or even seemed 



to want to, as we sped along, 
clicking off the miles, for each was 
occupied with his own thoughts. 
Uppermost in mine was the prom- 
ise of the Lord that where two or 
three are gathered in his name there 
shall he surely be also. Once again 
we had been given evidence of the 
truthfulness of this particular scrip- 
ture, for no one could meet these 
three stalwart Saints without know- 
ing that they and their little chapel 
were abundantly blessed with his 
Spirit. 

During the course of our travels, 
we drove through five different 
countries behind the Iron Curtain. 
On one occasion, we were fortunate 
enough to make contact with sev- 
eral members of the Church. While 
mass is still being said in Com- 
munist-controlled countries for the 
few who attend the Roman Catholic 
churches, participating in a religion 
restored through revelation to 
prophets in capitalistic America is, 
of course, strictly prohibited. Con- 
sequently, these truly devoted and 
loyal members of our Church are 
staying close to its teachings with- 
out being able to meet either 
openly or secretly. 

I wanted so desperately to do 
something for these courageous 
Saints, but what? My offer to mail 
copies of Church literature was 
valueless because all such litera- 
ture, they told me, is confiscated; 
boxes of clothing or food sent 
through the mail would cost the 
Saints more in duty than they could 
afford to pay. As I rolled down the 
car window to wave a last goodbye, 
she whispered, "Pray for us." 

Yes, that I can and will do, as 
will others, and we shall all hope 
that one day these persecuted 
members of the Church will be 
free to worship according to their 
heartfelt desires. In the meantime, 
there is no doubt that our Heavenly 
Father's spirit is indeed with these 
steadfast Saints, for they have his 
promise to sustain them and to be 
with them always. O 



40 



Improvement Era 







Teens oft Wis page arc: Peter P. Mendel, Barbara Perry. David 
Erakson, SUSan Nibley, Pat Stoddard, Westchester. New York. 











Marion D. Hanks, Editor** Elaine Cannon, Associate Editor • May 1967 



If You Don't 

Know Anything 

About Mormons, 

Follow Someone 

Who Does 



Follow them through windy 

cities . . . desert trails . . . campus 

corridors . . . libraries and 

music halls . . . galleries of 

art . . . country towns . . . red-rock canyons , . . surf the world 

over . . . fields of wheat and corn 





and tulips and welfare farms. 
Follow them in and out of battle- 
fields . . . laboratories . . . alps and valleys . . . rice paddies . . . 

Indian huts . . . skyscrapers . . . 
family-living centers . . . class- 
rooms . . . temples and 
tabernacles and meetings all day Sunday; 



Mormons on the move on these 
pages include Richard Smith, Dan- 
ny Steadman, Richard Peterson, 
Brent Miner, Kenneth HolBert, 
Dean Collingwood, Gay Smith, 
Mimi Smith, Virginia Namias, 
Shane Smith, Lyrtn Gubler, Lana 
SteWart, Sandy Gubler, and Mar- 
lene Peterson, all of Southern 
California stakes. 





42 



Improvement .Era 




Follow them around historic sights 
like pioneer wagon crossings, 
peace monuments, water wheels, 
sports cars, exhibits and displays, 
tennis courts, and the buffet table at a festive youth function. 

Follow them to church . . . their 

place of worship, of meeting and 

learning, of bolstering one 

another's faith, of sharing gladness in gospel principles . . . 

their place of mutual improve- 
ment, of finding the meaning 
in life and the promise in self. 
Follow them . . . follow . . . 
follow . . . follow. 



.:!■'■■■ ':- : :S-:.v : .:::. 




May 1967 



43 




Follow Someone Who Does continued 




Mormons on the move on these 
pages include Delores Boyle, Law- 
rence Wright, Long Beach, Cali- 
fornia; Ken Renshaw, Sylvia Ed- 
wards, David Colwell, Dave Fraser, 
Aubrey Fielden, Halifax, Nova Sco- 
tia; Nancy Price, David Peterson, 
Phoenix, Arizona. 




44 



Improvement Era 




May 1967 



45 



Greater Love Hath No Man 



By Marion D. Hanks 



* l ^A^ ? , Illustrated by 
Dale Kilbourn 




• When Jim Childers turned 12, he received a 
choice letter from his big brother, Steve, who was a 
cadet at West Point. We learned of the letter and 
were privileged to print it in the "Era of Youth" 
in January 1961. That article is reproduced on 
the adjoining page. 

On January 19, 1967, two days before Jim's 19th 
birthday, his brother Steve — Captain Stephen A. 
Childers, United States Army — died heroically 
while attempting to save the lives of women and 
children held as hostages by enemy troops in a 
cave in the central highlands of South Viet Nam. 

Captain Childers, an infantry company com- 
mander, volunteered for duty in Viet Nam after 
service in Europe. When some of his men were 
wounded while seeking to evacuate the hostages, 
Captain Childers himself went into the cave to try 
to free them and was killed by enemy fire. 

Steve Childers' departure from this world was 
entirely consistent with the way he lived in it dur- 
ing his short but brimful and overflowing 26 years. 
His was a balanced and productive life, marked by 
success and honor as a student, athlete, leader, out- 
standing soldier, and an unswering devotion to 



God, to the Church, and to his fellowmen. At 
West Point, from which he was graduated in 1963, 
he was group leader of the Latter-day Saint cadets. 
One closely connected with the Academy for many 
years wrote this of Steve's activities at the Point: 

"In the four years he was at West Point we came 
to know him well. We have never known one of 
'our boys' who radiated so much good or inspired 
so much confidence as Steve. Every cadet, and 
especially every LDS cadet, whose spirit needed 
bolstering was a better, stronger person for having 
known Steve. His testimony and faith were con- 
tagious and all the more inspiring because they 
came from a man who was an all-round person." 

Letter after letter received by Captain Childers' 
parents from many parts of the world spoke of his 
unusual love for children and of their great love 
for him, of his deep religious convictions, whole- 
some life, and selfless service. 

Many choice LDS men have given their lives 
in the cause of freedom. Some of them have 
received our humble homage in these pages before. 
It is well that young members of the Church, and 
all others who may read, soberly consider the noble 



46 



Improvement Era 



Dear Jim : Happy Birthday ! How does it feel to be twelve ? If I were home, it would 
feel painful in a certain spot . . . understand ? By the time you get this you will be twelve. This is 
an important time in your life because you will be able to hold the priesthood now. I wish I 
could be there when you are ordained. You must always remember that holding the priesthood 
is a great honor and privilege. You must always be true to it even if you see others who 

, aren't honoring theirs. The office of deacon in the Aaronic Priesthood gives you more power 
and authority in God's kingdom than do the offices of President of the United States, Prime 
Minister of Great Britain, and leaders of all the other countries combined. It 
may be hard to realize, but it does. Don't think the seriousness of the priesthood will make 
holding it unpleasant, for you will find that the priesthood will give you great 
opportunities for service. Love of God and service to him, combined with love and service 

to people is the best road to happiness. You have a wonderful opportunity 
unfolding before you 5 make the most of it. Honor and magnify your priesthood. 
If you are in doubt whether something is right or wrong, ask yourself, 

"Would Jesus do it ?" If he wouldn't, don't you, and you won't be wrong. 
I hope you have a Happy Birthday. Don't bother your sister 
too much. Write me and tell me what you are doing. 



Your brother, Steve 




sacrifice of Elder Stephen A. Childers, who gave who lay their lives on the altar that others may live 

his life in defense of freedom and in an effort to in freedom and in peace. 

preserve the lives of innocent women and children. "Greater love hath no man than this, that a man 

He serves as an appropriate example of the men lay down his life for his friends." (John 15:13.)0 



May 1967 



47 



- ! 



f\ 





3 




By John Randolph Ayre 

Photograph by Lorin Wiggins & Ernst Wittke 



Wow 



iecj 



tose action-packed yc 



men in today's MIA. Seems like the best way 
to describe them is by likening them to 
one of these new Fastback sports cars. The 
boys might not appreciate being likened 
to a car, but they sure have a lot in 
common-they're both supercharged, power- 
ful, and can be a bit destructive if out 
of control. 

What are our Fast backs like? Well, like 
all good cars, our MIA Fastbacks need 
a fine body. But, instead of a body by 
Fisher, our Fastbacks come outfitted with 
the finest bodies available-bodies that 



result of having goodly parents. 
Needless to say, a body isn't everything. 
Our Fastbacks need a finished, functional 
interior. This is the job of home and 
school-to carefully outfit our young 
Fastbacks with the type of interior that 
can take the bumps and jars along the 
road of life. 

Of course, having the most stylish body 
and best-designed interior in the world 
isn't much good unless you have a power 
plant up in the hood capable of separating 
our Fastbacks from the popular sports cars 
on today's highways. 
The Church has solved this by tooling 
the power of the priesthood into our young 
Fastbacks. We also feature Word of 
Wisdom filters and seminary suspension. 
Standard safety equipment includes 
heavy-duty parental support with 
bishop and teacher reinforcers to take 
the pressure off overhead valves 
and cams. It's no wonder that with 



48 



Improvement Era 










Pictured are Marcos Dean, DeRay Jensen, Sherrie Wallin, Mike HatHday, John Clements, Ellen Linton, Dennis Gutke. 



this quality-built church motor we're able 
to give an unconditional warranty in 
place of the usual 5-year, 50,000- 
mile ones. 

Trouble with our quality-built Fastbacks 
at this point is that they lack one 
thing-they haven't been thoroughly tested. 
This is where MIA comes in. Here's the 
Church's proving ground. MIA takes 
these spanking new Fastbacks off the 
assembly line and runs them over one of 
the best practical experience courses in 
the world. Here is a course that lets 
our Fastbacks test themselves. The bonus 
feature on the course is that we have 
our own tow trucks and pit men stationed 
along the way to help iron out any final 
factory bugs. (A lot of other proving 
grounds, such as school buddies or 
fraternity men, don't help out when a bug 
develops ; they just leave you for the 
wrecker or salvage heap. ) 
MIA challenges our young Fastbacks to 
give this tough course a real try. Start 
out by tackling Scout valley. You can 
zip through this while building up steam 
for Explorer-Ensign summit . Just watch out 
for some of the hairpin turns along the way. 



Then there's M Man pass. Don't let your 
motor idle now, for soon you will be 
heading down mission straightaway. 
As you can see, MIA is a great course 
for today's young men. Here's a first-rate 
proving and testing ground geared to 
handle all the action that Fastbacks 
can dish out. If you don't believe it, go 
on down to your local MIA this week 
for a free test run. 



May 1967 



49 



<5F 



M here is much more to getting and holding a 
job than just saying that you will do so! 

Before even venturing out for a job interview, 
you should carefully weigh many factors about 
yourself and the job you seek. Give thorough 
consideration to the job you have in mind for 
yourself and your specific reasons for wanting it. 

1. Review your job assets and liabilities for the 
work you would like and could do. Keep in mind 
that you have the best chance for job success if 
you select a job that is the right one for you. 

2. Register for employment at the local office 
of your state employment service. Check with 
your relatives, friends, and neighbors about pos- 
sible job openings or leads they may know about. 
Read the help-wanted ads in the newspapers. Go 
to the appropriate union office if hiring for the 
occupation in which you are interested is generally 
done through a union. 

3. Get in touch with companies that use work- 
ers in the field of your choice. You can find their 
names in the classified telephone directory or by 
consulting local or state industrial directories. 

4. To make your job interview count, prepare your- 
self well in advance. Have all factual information 



and papers, such as Social Security card, health 
certificate, driver's license (if needed), proof of age, 
military records (if needed). 

Take along samples of your work if appropriate 
or requested; for example, samples of work for 
artist or designer; outline of training and experi- 
ence for professional jobs ; copies of recommenda- 
tions for personal-selective jobs. 

5. Learn all you can about the firm to which 
you are applying — its products or services, for ex- 
ample. Be prepared to indicate why you wish to 
work for that company. 

6. Don't underestimate the importance of a neat 
appearance and a courteous, alert manner. The 
way you are dressed, the way you walk and sit, 
the way you talk — all will make an impression. 
Strive to make a good one. 

7. Let the employer take the lead in conversa- 
tion. Pick up clues given you by the employer's 
questions and statements and use them to con- 
vince him that you fit his requirements. It is 
usually better to indicate a specific type of job 
rather than saying, "I'll take anything." Be 
flexible and willing, but do indicate a preference, 
for your own good. 



®K 




and Your Job Interview "By Lucille J. Goodyear 




: ^*£**»»^*&3$g&*tt 



"~4"— ~- 



^, ""W ' Y" by Darlene Korpi, age 15 




<H& 



Walking in a field on a windy day. 



Sleeping in till noon. 



Friday night and no homework. 



Getting a present 
for no special reason. 3 



Knowing that you are wanted. 



May 1967 




Having lots of phone calls. 



A drawer full of nylons 
with no runs. 



Finding money when 
you clean your room. 



Riding in a red sports car. 



51 




Crestwood 
Camp 



By Morris and 
Donna Reid 



The trip to Woodland, Utah, is 
a beautiful drive, and the 
Crestwood campsite, nestled in 
the majestic Wasatch mountains 
with the Provo River running 
nearby, gives one a feeling of 
awe and inspiration. 
Arriving at Crestwood Camp from 
the various stakes of the Church, 
we are given instructions as to 
our duties and activities. There 
are four bunk cabins with two 
units to a cabin and an office for 
the supervisors. A supervisor is 



assigned to each unit, and each 
unit is expected to carry out the 
activities and camp capers for 
each day we are at the camp. 
Each morning before breakfast 
the supervisors meet together 
in the office to plan the day's 
activity. While they are doing this, 
the girls prepare for breakfast — 
which means making beds, 
sweeping floors, and tidying up 
the cabins, since each unit is 
inspected during breakfast. 
The hike to the lodge takes us 
through the archery course and 
past the first-aid instruction 
area and compass-reading range. 



Before entering the lodge we 
sing a spiritual hymn. This sets 
a wonderful mood for the rest of 
the day — to see the tall, majestic 
oak trees shimmering in the 
early morning sunlight, to hear 
strains of beautiful words and 
music in the air, to feel the spirit 
of the Lord. We pause for a 
prayer of thanksgiving and 
gratitude. 

After the prayer we have a 
flag-raising ceremony. Now we 
are ready for breakfast. When all 
is quiet, the supervisor asks 
one of the girls to give thanks 
for the food. 

Each morning one of the units 
goes outside for a cookout 
instead of going into the lodge to 
eat. This means building a 
fire, carrying water, and cooking 
scrambled eggs, bacon, and 
scones. Scones are made by 
rolling dough onto a stick and 
roasting it over the hot coals. 
When the scone is cooked, it 
is pulled off the stick and stuffed 



52 



Improvement Era 



with butter and jam. What 
a treat! 

After breakfast each unit gets 
involved in the day's activities. 
A long hike is everyone's favorite. 
After last-minute instructions 
and checking the gear, food, 
packs, water, and rain shelters, 
we're off to find a new delight 
over each hill. 



Interesting strains of conversation 
may be heard among the hikers. 
One group of girls asks the 
supervisor the requirements for 
training to follow in her footsteps 
as a camp leader. Another 
group talks about requirements 
for entering the temple. Still 
another group talks about beaver 
dams built along the south fork 
of the Provo River. 
And when we finally find the 
dams, we have reached our goal. 
We turn to go back to the 
crossing of the river, but rain 
and the rising river have covered 
our steppingstones. River or 
rain, it is all the same — wet! We 
are seasoned waders by the 



time we reach the lodge and rush 
to hot showers, clean clothes, 
and a warm meal. 
All in all we enjoy every step of 
the hike and every moment of 
our stay at Crestwood, the girls' 
camp in Woodland, Utah. 



May 1967 



53 



U have stayed 

^T^^ Ttiine to tbrow on ^ y way 

* stately eno^* U 1 impatient ba " wbe te 1 

> v, a d been a no in0t t>in 

fw tv/o days- descr ibe the n* e X 

a f J£ ^ attest ° be att n d d t 

trio at tne thought a* ^ or my ^ 

""Good gri* I * ng ro yself out nev , sro off» 

, i.i Veep Knoe . o eop \e m u _. v n ever 
"V/by do l * T \ e se ottrer V J ivne . They 
ligations? 1 suc h a go° work done--ev 

a ^ ayS t:> tliei ; C G course, *> °f ^ 
»»»» f overdoes tsetf *£„*fl**** * «* 

W ^S^BS-^TS^^ didn't toe 
-^her^ ^.' fads over wit*- J^ry {oI 

ttf&*t se d1^ td to d V ^ ad 

the „i«fi weekend spe ^ ad h aO ig . 

tid° readtuecop^o , 

*e I*** ^ tedious ro»tvn * j w ould be 

1 began the We wo re 

was ' • J " ^^--^ \ 



AA 



4 



long day, ^ ^ 
ij Vje a 10 s 
,11? It would oe 
., i nr would I' t aS did 

MU t v e coHee-drinVers set, 

"Mary belonged ^ eWSI oom ^son brought 

Ws ow» Thermos ug ^ k Mary ^ a 
truing and ^ * b t she n^ ^^ r 

^ Y aTr i« as 1 read to ber. 

***"* ,t 11:30- V/ePut^ „ d 

as* lor ball an *£ WoI6 Mary «* ^ oveI 
S the r belonging- ^ ^tauran^^ 

door "SlS^? — ^ 

*5.V'*f3t. ^aay.aoaonvoo've 

^ ater ' i arin^ ^ the m ter? i an 

"^ut to Veep me goi S day s 

S -" -U which event wa, «- -* have 
Dulto V a Wore deadline), ^ fa faom tb «* 
^ Spe ttw years older *-£ a plice in an ad I 
*M oorn^oas^^allyn, ^ ^ d 
P dreaders slip "P ° c bim Uoyd. » wete a 



54 




"True to tlte 



Improvement Era 



/Maybe she could tea id cas- 

*5 s *i^ e4 , eieleaining 

uauy- v Vie was ne lc . , 

-n » ever »° Maty *«*d- lce guy. ^_ 

ways ^^ te d bto it ** , e seen ^ be 

*» £ «e Sd you *£*£* the bgf^t 

cause the » b wh0 re aUy nncta ded, 

image ot a ten , »»* &e 

~J*£»* " N0wte r ou a hot, stieVY 

still cuu 5 s howet on * \ d 

- *??££&■ soin So story- , eVieha d 

l°ahee^^£^Ce«achV ^Vld 
** C ** day ' Id ■*"» on *e -y *£^ 



, , efs see, how did it 8° ? ^ 

te ° endy - , S aith that out V-ents ^ pelished , 

? God's comtoand, S - , ^ ^ 



A 



ro Gods co^ e 5 ; ffl eve r stand. 

Fai * tUl u R h X "ad d^ted *;X « seem ed 

W-ft.'Sfci --*•** M usthe to e 

^ th at evening^ ligh t. ^ aUy enjoyed 

7 these people 10 * * d have ^S^sion, «r 
saw these v they v/ou ^ t eiev 

rveeventational^ ed SuXld ay Sen &ottr 

have eve are tW» ther e! ^° , ee t- 

they could P they were ^ r ld ui 

inS in ( *em. Ho* *anVW ce ssiul 



.^eone-ai {alte r 

, u the youtb ol ^ n uT 



^ tthisyo uth - 



Faith,.." 



By Ann Bedford Williams 

Illustrated by Jeanne Lindorff 



May 1967 








(Based on the Sermon on the Mount found in Matthew 5, 6, 7, 

and 3 Nephi 12.) 





^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 


Be humble 


Keep your mind open, your 
energies properly focused. 


Be courteous 


Not only in the social graces 
but spiritual courtesy as well. 


Be merciful, tolerant 


"Do unto others" — the 

golden rule. 
"Greater love hath no man 

than this." 


Be honest 


Not only with others and the 
world but with yourselves. 


Be practical, balanced 


In all things — your home, your 
school, your business and church. 


Be courageous 


In your religion as well as in the 
face of fear and danger. 


Live helpfully 


Love your neighbor as yourself. 
Civic and community 
responsibilities. 


Help others to find peace 


Spiritual as well as mental 
and physical. 


Control your temper 


In all things. 


Be pure 


In mind as well as in body. 


Be righteous 


Live your religion all 24 hours 
of the day. 


Have faith and trust in God 


Testify of Christ and of the 
Church. 


56 


Improvement Era 







We're helping to develop a national resource 



(with names like Sam, Russ, Steve) 



We met these young men on one of 
our student refinery tours last fall. 
They learned quite a few things about 
Catalytic Crackers and Residuum 
Strippers that day. 

We learned a few things about them, too. 
About their curiosity and their ambitions. 

Why our interest in these bright young 
men? Because young people are our 
greatest national resource. 



They deserve all the help they can get 
toward realizing their potentials. 

Refinery tours and geology tours, 
scholarships and fellowships, and teaching 
materials for schools, are just some of the 
ways our Company shows its active interest 
in today's young men and women. 

Standard Oil is trying to help young people 
discover more about themselves . . . 
and the world they live in. 




Standard Oil Company of California 

and its worldwide family of Chevron Companies 



The Chevron — 
Sign of excellence 



May 1967 



57 



A Run of Gray* 



By Brian Kelly 




• The valley begins at the south end of Utah Lake. 
In the northeast corner of the valley stands an un- 
usual mountain, alone and unattached. In the south- 
east end of the valley both warm and cold springs 
rise, making the area around them a flat marsh pushed 
tight against the dry, brush-covered hills. 

The first white settlers came to the valley in 1860. 
Before that, trappers and prospectors occasionally 
passed through. 

Jasson Evans trapped in the valley during the win- 
ter of 1885. He named it Warm Springs when he 
saw the clouds of steam that continually rose off 
the ponds in the south end of the valley. 

Five years later he returned, bringing others. He 
built a one-room adobe house and helped to dig a 
canal. Cottonwood shoots were put out in front of 
the house for shade. He planted a long row of pop- 
lar trees along the south side of the farm to soften 

the harsh winds from the desert. 

# # » » # 

I walked down the lane, caught in the spell of the 

past as memories of my childhood came in a 

torrent. I had thought of them before, but 

now, under the old cottonwoods, they were 

more poignant. My childhood was close. 

Savoring each moment, I looked past the 

house down into the meadow, then back 

to the canal. Yes, it was all still here— 

the adobe house, the barn, the chicken 

coop. Everything looked the same 

except for the cottonwoods. They 

were crowded along 

the ditch 






bank now because of their bigness. Their trunks had 
turned from the chalky-green color of my youth to 
rough, scarred, gray supports for the tumbled foliage 
above them. My mind wouldn't stay in the present; 
it kept drifting, going back, remembering my ninth 
spring in the valley. . 

The buds on the cottonwoods were beginning to 
show. It was early spring, and the canal was still 
dry from the winter. Father told me that now that 
I was nine, I was old enough to help clean the canal. 
The dry moss and old brown weeds had to be cut 
from the banks so the water could run smooth and 
easy when it was turned into the ditch. 

That first day's work was hard, and my arms and 
back were sore and aching. After work Dad said, 
"I've heard that back East they keep tame ducks to 
live on the ponds and slow streams. The ducks eat 
the moss and a lot of other water vegetation." 

The talk of tame ducks made my tired mind race. 
I'd never thought of tame ducks before, but I knew 
that there were wild ones in the meadow behind the 
house. If I could just find and tame some, I wouldn't 
have to hack at these canal banks. 

Every day as we worked on the ditch I watched the 
meadow. It was only half a mile away, and many 
times I could see ducks landing in the reeds. The 
edge of the cow shed sighted with the corner fence- 
post gave a straight line to the rushes where the ducks 
landed most frequently. I watched every day, and 
finally when the ditch was cleaned I was sure I could 
go straight to the rushes where I'd seen the ducks 
land. 

The Saturday after the second week of ditch clean- 




"I didn't notice the swooping gulls, 
or hear their shrill cries. I stumbled, 
fell. Heart-broken, convulsive 
sobs racked my body." 




Improvement Era 



ing was over, I got up early and started chores by 
myself. By the time Dad got to the barn I had the 
heifer half milked. After chores and breakfast I said 
that I wanted to go to the meadow to look for frogs. 
Dad didn't usually care for me doing useless things, 
but this morning he said okay. 

At first I didn't know what to look for. I followed 
the line from the side of the cow shed to the corner 
post, straight toward the big clump of rushes I had 
picked out before. When I got to the rushes I couldn't 
see anything except tangles of reeds lying every way 
in the water. On one tangle of rushes I did see a 
white and tan pile of fluff that was dry and out of 
water. I searched back and forth between the several 




springs in the meadow until noon, and still I didn't 
see a nest. 

On the way back to the house I saw another pile 
of down. This one was on dry ground, nestled in the 
salt grass. I put my hand on the fluff, and underneath 
the softness I felt something hard. Warily reaching 
in the softness, I brushed some of the down away and 
counted nine eggs. They were bigger than chicken 
eggs, and olive green in color. Whipping off my 
shirt, I tied knots in the sleeves and neck. Then one 
by one I placed the eggs carefully in it. On the way 
back to the house I waded out to the first pile of 
fluff I had seen. In this nest were ten eggs. 

It was hard to walk evenly. Nineteen eggs made 



"A Run of Gray" won for its author, Brian Kelly, first 
place in last year's Vera Hinckley Mayhew short story 
contest at Brigham Young University and will appear 
in Out of the Best Books, Vol. Ill, where it will be one 
of the few selections written by a Latter-day Saint. 
Brother Kelly, an editor with Battelle-Northwest in Rich- 
land, Washington, is a Sunday School teacher. 




Illustrated by Ted Nagata 



May 1967 





"Son, they can't be blamed for killing your ducks. They did what they did 

the shirt heavy, and it kept swinging back and forth, God made some things to be good when they're 

but I made it home without a mishap. Dad was sur- natural and some naturally bad. "Well, Son," Dad 

prised when I told him about the eggs. Together we answered, "a lot of it depends on the point of view, 

fixed two nesting boxes with fresh straw, put them Before the pioneers settled out here the Indians waited 

in the corner of the coop, and placed ten eggs in one every year for the coming of the grasshoppers. They 

nest and nine in the other one. We weren't sure thought God sent the grasshoppers to them for their 

whether we could get a hen to sit on the strange eggs, food supply. When I was a boy in Salt Lake that 

but we left a pan of wheat on the floor and went to first summer after we came west, we were depending 

the house. After supper Dad went back to the coop on our meager crops to carry us through the coming 

with a lantern. Sure enough, two hens had adopted winter. 

the nests. "Then one day the sky became black with another 

I kept a close watch on the nests during the next kind of grasshopper, noisy ones that we called crickets, 

three weeks. I didn't need to worry, because the They moved down from the hills toward the crops, 

hens seemed to treat the eggs like their own. Every eating every green thing in their path. We tried to 

day or two they would slide back and forth on them drown them in ditches; we burned them; and still 

and roll them with their beaks. Dad said that eggs they kept coming. The sky was black with them, 

had to be turned every day or so if they were going Every morning your uncle and I would get up at 

to hatch. dawn and walk back and forth through the grain, 

The eggs started to hatch on the 28th day after I holding a thirty-foot rope between us, flipping the 

found them in the meadow. The hens didn't seem to stalks of wheat so the crickets would fall off before 

know the difference. They treated the little yellow they could eat the heads of grain, 
flat-billed balls of fluff as if they were baby chicks. "Finally, when many people were ready to give 

It was amusing to watch the hens scratching in the up, the Lord sent the seagulls to help us. For weeks 

dirt around the coop for food for the ducks and the they filled the sky, eating the crickets until the crops 

ducks not even paying attention. were saved. Son, those gulls were naturally good for 

The most comical thing was when the ducks first us. God sent them to help us. 
took to water. The hens were trying to lead their "Now there were some good men who grumbled 

new charges along the bank of the canal in search for against the leaders. So they were sort of naturally 

food. As soon as the little ducks got near the water, good and bad at the same time. This is what free 

they scrambled down the bank and slid into the canal, agency means. Everyone has to choose, and we are 

The hens were frantic and ran back and forth trying not all good or all bad as some people think." 
to call the ducklings back. The little ducks lived in The conversation was interrupted as we drove down 

the water a lot of the time from then on. the lane to the farm. Gulls were circling and diving 

A hawk tried to get the ducklings one day, but they along the canal. We weren't alarmed until we got 

escaped by diving. This made us feel good; we knew close enough to see that the canal was almost dry. 
we didn't have to worry about the ducks as long as I scrambled over the side of the wagon and ran 

the water was kept over a foot deep. up the ditch to where the gulls were diving, just in 

The following Sunday was Conference Sunday. This time to scare a gull out of the bottom of the canal, 

meant we had to make a five-mile trip to the stake Its mouth was open wide with a ball of yellow fluff 

tabernacle. in it. The gull swallowed the duckling alive and 

All I remember from conference that day was that whole, just as I had seen birds eat mice, 
there is a natural and an unnatural man. I had never Dad came walking along in the muddy ditch with 

noticed the difference before; I just figured that all his head down, searching along the banks for the 

men were good. I liked the part about children being ducks. Together we found three. Three out of 

pure and naturally good. I couldn't see how a natural nineteen. "I guess only these are left, Son," Dad 

child was good and a natural man was bad, but by said. With my chest throbbing and eyes burning, 

this time I quit trying to figure it out and leaned I ran to the haystack where no one could see me 

against Dad and fell asleep. and cried. 

On the way home from conference I asked Dad why I didn't see Dad again until it was time to do chores. 



Improvement Era 



because of their nature." 



I started milking before he explained about the 
ducks. I was grateful for the delay. Somehow it was 
easier to listen with the cow's body between us. 
Dad said, "The reason the canal was dry was because 
Brother Wright had the whole stream turned on his 
farm. He opened all his headgates so he could let 
the water run on all of his fields." 

For me the blame wasn't on Brother Wright as 
much as the gulls. I didn't want to know reasons 
why; I wanted more direct action. I had to find a 
way to release the awful hurt inside me. 

When I awoke the next morning I knew exactly 
what I wanted to do. Somehow I would get even 
with those gulls. After chores I headed for the point 
in the distance where the lone mountain meets the 
lake. This is where the gulls seemed to come from 
and also to disappear. 

When I got to the foothills along the lake I couldn't 
help running. Caught in the combined force of 
gravity and hate, I ran and stomped, in an erratic 
pattern, back and forth along the ledges and rocks 
above the water, stomping and kicking at the gull 
nests in my path. I didn't notice the shrill cries of a 
cloud of shrieking gulls above me. I didn't shy when 
they swooped at me. I was caught up in my frenzied 
act. 

The buff-green, brown-speckled eggs were easy to 
see along the ledges and among the rocks— sometimes 
bunched around a few sticks and bits of debris but 
mostly alone and bare on the ground. 

A sickle-shaped horde of gulls shrieked and cried 
as they beat up and down in the air above the slashed 
path along the hillside. I wasn't conscious of fatigue, 
but gradually I stumbled more and hated less. Sud- 
denly, as I lashed at a nest knee high above me, I fell 
on the rocks. I struggled to get up but I couldn't. The 
pent-up hate and anger was leaving in its place exhaus- 
tion. Heart-broken, convulsive sobs racked my body. 

I don't know how long I lay like this, but when I 
got up pieces of speckled shell and yolk-mixed blood 
had hardened on me. Slowly I made my way back up 
the foothill away from the water and the gull nests 
until I topped the slight crest of the hill. In front of 
me the whole valley was visible. I could see the 
glinting ribbon of the canal that would lead me home. 
Turning my back on this, I faced toward the lake. 
I didn't hate anything now. 

Then, weak and unsure on my feet, I stumbled 
down the hill toward the canal and home. About 



four miles from home I plunged into the canal and 
waded in the waist-high cool water The cool water 
made me suddenly conscious of my senses— the bright 
sun, breeze from the hills, my tired muscles. 

The sun was down when I got home. Dad had 
already finished the chores, but he didn't say anything 
about it. Mother made me change clothes before 
supper. She had cooked the big meal at noon, but 
there was bread and milk and honey left for supper. 
She didn't say anything when I passed the honey by 
and ate bread and milk and onions along with Dad. 
Then I excused myself and went to bed. I couldn't 
look them in the eye any longer. I was alone and 
miserable. 

Next morning started the same as others. Dad 
shook me so we could milk and do chores together. 
On the way back to the house a few seagulls flew 
over, and Dad saw me intently watching them. He 
spoke quietly beside me, "Son, they can't be blamed 
for killing your ducks, and they do eat a lot of mice 
and insects." 

I couldn't hold it any longer and began to tell him 
where I had been yesterday. I tried to make it not 
sound so bad by telling how the gulls didn't even 
build a nest. They just laid their eggs on the bare 
ground. They didn't leave a cover of down over their 
eggs like the ducks did. 

Dad interrupted and began one of his sermon an- 
swers: "The gulls did what they did because of their 
nature. The seagulls killed your ducks so they could 
live. 

"I guess compared to a duck a gull doesn't build a 
very good nest, but they do live and raise their young 
the same way. I've already told why the gulls are 
special to me. This summer I'd like you to watch 
them as they hatch and grow. Learn about them. 
When they are little they are about as ugly as you 
were when you were born. But they change. Look 
up at them now and see how they circle and glide. I 
guess that next to a sailing ship, a gull wing in flight 
is the most graceful shape I've ever seen. 

"Watch their color. They get whiter and whiter as 
they grow older. They start a motley brown and gray 
color and every year come closer to pure white." 

That summer I began to watch the gulls as they 
changed from ugly chicks to brown, then gray, 
fledglings and then on to a purer shade of white. That 
summer I began to watch men age also. Many times 
since I have envied the white gulls. O 



May 1967 



61 




Paul ft * mn 




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Improvement Era 



The teacher's first responsibility is to set a proper example. 




Teaching 



Conducted by the 
Church School System 



Church 
Teacher: 

Classroom 
Diagnostician 

"And Jesus answering said 
unto them, They that are whole 
need not a physician; hut they 
that are sick." 

(Luke 5:31.) 



By Dr. Sterling R. Provost 

Director, Institute of Religion 
Boulder, Colorado 

• Often when a physician arrives 
at his office he finds it crowded 
with patients suffering from various 
ailments. He talks with each in- 
dividually and, as part of the 
examination period, may bring 
into service pieces of highly spe- 
cialized and technical equipment 
in order that he might arrive at a 
complete and precise diagnosis. 
Once the results are obtained from 
examinations and tests, the pa- 
tient can be wisely treated. 

Now, suppose the physician were 
to be called in to diagnose the 
ills of a group, and the only means 
by which he could determine their 
problems would be through ob- 
servation of their actions and by 
offhand comments that might be 
made. Under these conditions, 
how accurately could he identify 
the nature of their individual 
ailments? — *"~ 



Photograph by Eldon Linschoten 



May 1967 



63 



Five symptoms of ineffective teaching — and what to do about them. 



Obviously, a medical practitioner 
would never willingly place him- 
self in a situation where he would 
be without the advantage of pri- 
vate consultation. However, this 
situation is substantially the di- 
lemma that constantly challenges 
lay teachers in the Church as they 
meet their classes. 

The common didactical procedure 
of both the physician and the 
church teacher should be that of 
understanding people as they are 
and then helping them to make the 
greatest possible use of their God- 
given potential. To accomplish 
such an ambition requires an intel- 
ligent interpretation of "danger 
signals" that may be present. In 
this connection, the teacher be- 
comes a classroom diagnostician. 
Let us investigate five of the 
significant symptoms of ineffective 
teaching and prescribe a treatment 
for each. 

I. Do you have frequent discipline 
problems? 

Discipline is inherent in good 
teaching. It is not a matter of cor- 
rection so much as it is a matter 
of prevention. The good disci- 
plinarian anticipates disorder and 
directs the energies of his pupils 
so that the disorder is made im- 
possible by attention to legitimate 
interests. 

Dr. Adam S. Bennion categorized 
the securing of discipline into five 
methods: (1) rewards and punish- 
ments; (2) being good for the sake 
of pleasing parents, teachers, and 
other adults; (3) compulsion; (4) 
gaining social appeal; and (5) cre- 
ating interest. 1 Thus, before a 
teacher can exercise any form of 
discipline effectively, he must 
know to what end he is striving. 

Stoops and Dunworth have de- 
veloped a booklet of considerable 



value in this area. Among their 
conclusions are: 

1. There is no simple answer. 

2. Behavior is caused. 

3. Work on the causes as well 
as on the behavior. 

4. Don't work alone; get others 
on your team. 

5. Don't expect change all at 
once; it will take time. 

6. Know yourself and your own 
feelings. 

7. Constantly reevaluate your 
classroom techniques. 

8. If you had the same experi- 
ences and background as those mis- 
behaving, would you act any dif- 
ferently? 2 

Discipline or classroom control 
is the joint effort of both teacher 
and student. Because self-disci- 
pline is the ideal, student responsi- 
bility for classroom order is 
desirable. However, the teacher's 
seasoned experience for added con- 
trol is also of major importance. 

II. Do you suffer from a feeling 
of inadequacy in the classroom? 

Dr. Asahel D. Woodruff says that 
"teaching assignments must be 
taken seriously. ... A full com- 
mitment to the gospel and the as- 
signment is essential. No half-way 
acceptance of the task will do. The 
commitment requires right-of-way 
in two forms: time to prepare for 
teaching, and time to do the 
teaching." 3 

A teacher's real obligation starts 
at the point at which he begins to 
contribute to others. The teacher 
who truly senses the tremendous re- 
sponsibility that is his will have 
moments when he feels incapable 
of fulfilling his commission. Such 
times of despondency are natural 
and, if used advantageously, can 
assist the teacher immeasurably in 
reaching greater heights. 



To help individuals improve both 
their quality and success in teach- 
ing, Woodruff outlines the major 
parts of the teaching job as: 

1. Your commitment to your 
calling. 

2. Your cooperation with the 
Church's plan for teaching the 
gospel. 

3. Your basic qualities for teach- 
ing: your personality and personal 
relationship with class members, 
the quality of the thoughts you 
take to your class, and your ability 
in teaching those thoughts. 

4. Your stewardship over those 
you should be teaching. 

5. Your progress in developing 
a supply of teaching materials. 4 

Constant self-evaluation by the 
teacher, in light of classroom de- 
velopments, will insure a healthy 
teacher image, both for himself 
and the student. 

III. Do you avoid personal in- 
volvement with your students? 

A class consists of persons, and 
persons are individuals. Learning 
is an individual experience and is 
necessarily based on a personal 
need. To further understand this 
concept, certain generalizations can 
be made. 

Eva May Green suggests: 

1. Each learner is unique. 

2. Many things are learned 
simultaneously. 

3. People's interests are broad 
and varied. 

4. Different class members will 
learn different things from identi- 
cal experiences. 

5. The development of the 
learner is a continuous process. 5 
Consequently, the group learns 
only as the individual learns. 

There are various ways of learn- 
ing about a person: (1) listen to him 
and observe his behavior; (2) find 



64 



Improvement Era 



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65 



Teachers need to ask themselves: "If I were a 
student, would I act differently?" 



out what he values and how he 
feels about things; and (3) study 
his personal qualities as these are 
revealed through his behavior. 

How can data regarding a stu- 
dent's background, values, and 
reaction to various things be ob< 
tained? This may be done by using 
a simple interest questionnaire with 
items geared to the age group con- 
cerned, or having students write 
biographies or compositions that 
reveal the desired information. In 
some areas, a simple test or quiz 
can be a helpful technique to ac- 
quire valuable information, such as 
a sentence-completion exercise. 
Always remember to keep confi- 
dential information that warrants 
trust. 

Teachers may well work upon 
these six suggestions: 

1. Be aware of pupil responses— 
of all kinds. 

2. Be interested in them and in 
what lies behind them. 

3. How have they been appealed 
to heretofore? 

4. Watch for the natural re- 
action of your pupils as you proceed 
with the various steps of your 
lesson. 

5. Take pains to keep pupils 
busy. 

6. Try to anticipate the develop- 
ing interests of your pupils by 
keeping out in front far enough 
that they are kept busy following 
you. 6 

IV. Are you losing a sense of di- 
rection in your teaching? 

How does the teacher acquire 
and maintain his sense of direction? 

It has been said that an objective 
is where one is going, and a pur- 
pose is why one is going there. 

There is more than one kind of 
objective. For example, the gen- 
eral objective of all Church classes 



is to develop devout Latter-day 
Saints by helping them gain testi- 
monies pursuant to eternal life. This 
obviously cannot be achieved in 
any single year's work or course of 
study, so it must be divided and 
then subdivided. However, it is 
the guiding star to which other 
objectives are subject. 

In addition to the long-range ob- 
jective, the author of each year's 
course of study, regardless of the 
organization (priesthood class, aux- 
iliary, seminary), provides objec- 
tives that are applicable to the 
subject matter under consideration. 

There is a kind of objective that 
applies to an individual lesson. As 
given by the writer, this may not 
always be in workable form for 
the teacher. If this is the case, he 
must restate or otherwise adapt it 
for his group. 

Now let us briefly turn to the 
place of purpose in developing a 
lesson. With the appropriate ob- 
jectives determined and properly 
implemented, the teacher must then 
give attention to why he is going 
in a particular direction. The ma- 
terials that the teacher proposes to 
use in class should clearly illus- 
trate why he is trying to reach that 
goal. In addition, students may ask 
"why?" concerning certain ideas 
presented, and the teacher must 
be able to respond intelligently. 
Therefore, all methods and tech- 
niques used in reaching a given 
objective must be first subjected 
to the purpose. When this is con- 
sistently done, much superfluous 
material can be profitably avoided 
and the mind of the student will be 
more apt to remember the vitality 
of the message. 

Once both objectives and pur- 
poses have been realistically estab- 
lished, the teacher should make a 
written plan for each lesson. As 



someone has said, "Find a plan that 
works, and then work that plan." 

V. Have you failed to provide a 
favorable classroom learning 
environment? 

Practical lessons of lasting value 
are constantly being presented in 
various conditions and places. It 
is true that effective teaching may 
be carried on anywhere at any time. 
However, the main scene of teach- 
ing is the classroom. It is impor- 
tant that the classroom setting be 
right. Teaching can go on despite 
unfavorable conditions; yet, why 
should it? We will assume, for the 
sake of this discussion, that the 
room is adequately ventilated and 
at the proper temperature, clean 
and orderly, physically attractive, 
and modestly equipped. What 
roles do the student and teacher 
then have in completing the de- 
sirable classroom scene? 

First, a teacher must of necessity 
deal with the individual as part of 
the group. Redl and Wattenburg 7 
say that in each classroom group 
are found many role players- 
leaders, advocates, clowns, "fall 
guys," and instigators. These roles 
are not constant and often change 
with each new situation. A teacher 
should be prepared to deal with 
each role change and strive to main- 
tain a continuing healthy classroom 
climate. 

Teachers must insure that the 
basic psychological needs of each 
class member are met, an atmos- 
phere exists in which students feel 
that they can participate without 
fear of how the teacher will react, 
group morale is strengthened by 
thinking in terms of "we" instead 
of "me," and a classroom climate 
exists that sets the stage for real 
learning and discovery by remov- 
ing any existing social barrier. 



66 



Improvement Era 



To guide and inspire the church 
teacher in his assignment, Presi- 
dent McKay, the Lord's living 
prophet today and a noted educator 
in his own right, penned the fol- 
lowing, which might serve as the 
basis of a personal commitment 
for all Church teachers: 

"To the teachers of the Church, 
the best way to achieve this [to 
bring to pass the immortality and 
eternal life of man] is to discharge 
at least three great responsibilities. 
The first is the responsibility to set 
a proper example. . . . 

"Second, is the responsibility of 
guardianship, of being shep- 
herds. . . . 

"The third obligation is so to 
live that we may merit the com- 
panionship and guidance of the 
Holy Spirit. . . " 8 

The mission of a teacher in the 
Church is one of the most impor- 
tant in life. It is a holy and 
responsible calling. It calls for 
the finest effort one can give to 
transmit the truths of the gospel 
to the children of God. To do this 
work properly requires that Church 
teachers become indeed classroom 
diagnosticians. O 

FOOTNOTES 



iAdam S. Bennion, Principles of Teaching 
(Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1958), 
pp. 152-55. 

2 Emery Stoops and John Dunworth, Classroom 
Discipline (Montclair, N. J.: The Economics 
Press, Inc.), p. 41. 

3 Asahel D. Woodruff, Teaching the Gospel 
(Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1961), 
p. 5. 

*Ibid., pp. 242-47. (See also John T. Wahl- 
quist, Teaching As the Direction of Activities 
[Salt Lake City: Deseret Sunday School Union, 
1936].) 

6 Eva May Green, "Teaching— A Learner- 
Centered Process," The Instructor, Vol. 84, 
August 1949, p. 405. 

6 Don A. Orton, "Study Your Students, Too," 
A Reader for the Teacher, ed., A. Hamer Reiser 
(Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1960), 
pp. 112-13. 

TFritz Redl and William W. Wattenberg, 
Mental Hygiene in Teaching (New York: Har- 
court, Brace and Company, Inc., 1959), pp. 
271-77. 

8 David O. McKay, Treasures of Life, comp. 
Clare Middlemiss (Salt Lake City: Deseret 
Book Company, 1962), pp. 489-90. 



May 1967 



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Refineries at West Jordan and Garland, Utah; near Idaho 
Falls, Idaho, and at Moses Lake and Toppenish, Washington. 




67 



TheLDS Scene 



The lighting of the Oakland Temple has been awarded 
first place in a night beautification program sponsored 
by the Alameda County (California) Electrical 
Industry Trust, Electric and Gas Industries Association, 
and Pacific Gas and Electric Company. More than 
200 San Francisco Bay area architects, electrical 
engineers, contractors, and business and city leaders 
served as judges. 





%* ■ - * i 



> T l 



n 



• • ' ; f 



" 






If 



. » **%t 






"I %JV 



f I 






Service Recognized 

Elder Spencer W. Kimball of the Council of the 
Twelve holds a desk clock with the inscription, "The 
Gardener of Souls," presented him by students of the 
Institute of Religion at Snow College, Ephraim, Utah. 
Sister Kimball was presented with a bouquet of roses. 
The tribute was in recognition of Elder Kimball's 
"long years of service to the youth of the Church and 
his wise counsel." 



"Family Movie of the Year" 

Actress Vera Miles and co-producer Winston Hibler accept 
"Family Movie of the Year"trophy for Follow Me, Boys from 
President N. Eldon Tanner of the First Presidency during 
impressive ceremonies honoring the Walt Disney Productions 
film on Boy Scouts. Looking on are leaders of the four 
institutions sponsoring the award: L. H. Curtis, KSL Radio-TV, 
far left; Doyle L. Green, The Improvement Era; E. Earl Hawkes, 
Deseret News, second from right; and Ernest L. Wilkinson, 
Brigham Young University. 




Choir in Phoenix 

The Tabernacle Choir opened its 1967 
concert season with a spring appearance 
in the Arizona Veterans Memorial 
Coliseum, Phoenix, before an audience 



of more than 11,000. The event, 
sponsored by ten stakes in the Phoenix 
area, was hailed as a "tremendous 
missionary and cultural experience." 




Radio Series 

The Brigham Young University 
Symphonic Band with student choral 
groups will continue until May its 
26-week series, "Speaking of Music," 
on ABC radio network. The program, 
aired Sunday afternoons over 200 



stations, is believed to be the only 
U.S. musical program sponsored by 
a college or university on a nationwide 
basis. President David 0. McKay 
has called the program "a great honor 
for the Church's university." 




Turkey Federation 
President 

John S. Morgan of the 
Layton (Utah) Fifth Ward has 
been elected president of 
the 10,000-member 
National Turkey Federation 
of America. Brother 
Morgan has held executive 
positions in the $500-million 
turkey industry for the 
past nine years. 



May 1967 



69 




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70 





We arose, and swinging 

our hats three times over 
our heads, shouted: * Hurrah, 
hurrah for Israel, 9 " 



Melchizedek Priesthood 



Those Who Are Valiant 

"Therefore, go ye into all the world; and unto whatsoever place ye cannot go ye shall 
send, that the testimony may go from you into all the world unto every creature. 



• "And as I said unto mine apostles, even so I say unto 
you, for you are mine apostles, even God's high 
priests; ye are they whom my Father hath given me; 
ye are my friends; 

"Therefore, as I said unto mine apostles I say unto 
you again, that every soul who belie veth on your 
words, and is baptized by water for the remission of 
sins, shall receive the Holy Ghost." (D&C 84:62-64.) 

"September 14th [1839], President Brigham Young 
left his home at Montrose [Iowa] to start on the mis- 
sion to England. He was so sick that he was unable 
to go to the Mississippi, a distance of thirty rods, 
without assistance. After he had crossed the river 
he rode behind Israel Barlow on his horse to my 
house, where he continued sick until the 18th. He 
left his wife sick with a babe only three weeks old, 
and all his other children were sick and unable to wait 
upon each other. Not one soul of them was able to 
go to the well for a pail of water, and they were with- 
out a second suit to their backs, for the mob in Mis- 
souri had taken nearly all he had. On the 17th, 
Sister Mary Ann Young got a boy to carry her up in 
his wagon to my house, that she might nurse and 
comfort Brother Brigham to the hour of starting. 

"September 18th, Charles Hubbard sent his boy 
with a wagon and span of horses to my house; our 
trunks were put into the wagon by some brethren; 



I went to my bed and shook hands with my wife who 
was then shaking with a chill, having two children 
lying sick by her side; I embraced her and my children, 
and bade them farewell. My only well child was 
Heber P., and it was with difficulty he could carry 
a couple of quarts of water at a time, to assist in 
quenching their thirst. 

"It was with difficulty we got into the wagon, and 
started down the hill about ten rods; it appeared to 
me as though my very inmost parts would melt within 
me at leaving my family in such a condition, as it were 
almost in the arms of death. I felt as though I could 
not endure it. I asked the teamster to stop, and said 
to Brother Brigham, 'This is pretty tough, isn't it; let's 
rise up and give them a cheer.' We arose, and swing- 
ing our hats three times over our heads, shouted: 
'Hurrah, hurrah for Israel.' Vilate, hearing the noise, 
arose from her bed and came to the door. She had a 
smile on her face. Vilate and Mary Ann Young cried 
out to us: 'Goodbye, God bless you.' We returned the 
compliment, and then told the driver to go ahead. 
After this I felt a spirit of joy and gratitude, having 
had the satisfaction of seeing my wife standing upon 
her feet, instead of leaving her in bed, knowing well 
that I should not see them again for two or three 
years." (Journal of Heber C. Kimball, quoted in Orson 
F. Whitney, Life of Heber C. Kimball, pp. 265-266. ) 



May 1967 



71 



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72 



Two Mothers 
By Randall L. Green 

My thoughts traverse 

five times five hundred miles, 
And take me back 

ten times a dozen years, 
To place and age 

where Light forsook the wiles 
Of life, and brought great souls, 

through toil and tears, 
Across a continent 

as pioneers 
And planted them 

in this once desert land 
That progeny might live 

beyond the fears 
Of ignorance, 

and in the sunlight stand. 
Among those noble souls 

Light did expand 
Was one fair mother* 

who illumed her son 
And led him, 

without help of husband's hand, 
To be a beacon 

for tfie Holy One. 
How rare such mothers! 

Yet rare, too, is mine, 
Who, but for mortal blood, 

would be divine. 

°Mary Fielding Smith 




it • \\ r 




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73 



M. E. SHAW & SONS ££ fit 



Presiding Bishopric's Rage 



Wis. _ 



•* 




• MMiir 

■fSf 



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n 



0) 






0) 



in 

3 



• The bishop had an uncomfortable week thinking 
about the stake president's words: the time had finally 
arrived to build the new ward house. The property 
was now purchased, the title clear, and groundbreak- 
ing would be scheduled as soon as his ward raised 
its share of the required cost for starting construction. 

"The other ward already has the money to start," 
said the president. "As you know, we originally in- 
tended having them merely remodel the old building. 
They started gathering funds a year ago, and Bishop 
Barton tells me they now have over thirty thousand 
dollars. So they're just waiting for you." 

That certainly put the pressure on his ward— and on 
him. This is why he had made an appointment to 
see the president again. As a bishop, he was 
anxious for the president's counsel. How does one 
go about raising thousands of dollars from a small 
ward full of young families struggling to pay for new 
homes and furniture, families with many little 
children? 

"In addition to being made up mostly of young 
families, President, my people aren't all that active. 
Oh, they're wonderful people, but tithing is a genuine 
problem for some of them. In fact, now that I've had 
a chance to dig into the records a bit, I was going to 
start calling on those who I feel need some encourage- 
ment. But how can I go to them with a big building 
project, too? I mean, their income can only stretch 
so far!" 

This last remark came as an honest lament. The 
bishop, new and eager, had spent a week going over 
names and lists, jotting down figures. It appeared 
a little unrealistic to him to have to raise all that 
money in such a limited time. 

"Last night my counselors and I figured there might 
be an easier way to do this, to make the burden a little 
lighter for our families." The bishop shifted uneasily. 
(He still didn't feel good about his building fund 
plan. But then, that was why he was here talking 
to the stake president.) 

"First off, we feel that rather than give a blanket 
assignment to all families, we should use a percentage 
figure, like we do with tithing. Only this one would 
be their pledge of one month's income to be paid out 
over three years." The president winced inwardly, 
but held his pleasant expression and allowed the 
bishop to go on. 

"To supplement this— since obviously we can't give 
this one-month assignment to inactive families— we 
propose a series of building fund projects. We've 
been working on a list, and there is really quite a 
remarkable variety of things we can do: weekly bake 
sales, ward movies, carnivals, and the like. We plan 



& 



It Is A 

Day of 

Sacrifice 

The problem of 
fund raising 
— and how 
to solve it. 



74 




! jppqe he put m s 
He toolunteenul 



till 




to use all the auxiliaries on these. For example, 
there's a cookbook the Relief Society could. . . ." 

But he stopped in mid- sentence; the president had 
tilted back in his chair, smiling. He rubbed his nose 
a minute. Then slowly he leaned forward and began 
to speak: 

"Bishop, let me say how much I appreciate your 
coming to me, allowing me to give you the benefit 
of whatever experience I've had in raising money for 
Church projects over the years. Just now your com- 
ments sounded like some of my own, long, long ago. 
So let's touch on these things one point at a time. 
First, you say your ward is very young, in the throes 
of buying houses and feeding children. Just like 
Bishop Barton's ward! Then you indicate that you 
feel a percentage of income from all your active 
families would be the most equitable. But I suggest 
that not every family has the same financial problems; 
where a month's salary paid out over three years 
might be all right for some, it might also be a crush- 
ing burden for others. Don't you feel that to make a 
fair judgment of each family's ability to pay, you 
almost have to sit down with each family?" 

The bishop found himself relaxing. This was what 
he wanted. The president went on: 

"Only the bishop has the mantle of judgment in 
these matters. Only you can wisely make a deter- 
mination of how much each family should be asked 
to pay. But you must have their counsel and confi- 
dence to set this figure. And you must not hesitate 
to make it a challenging figure. You see, Bishop, I'm 
convinced that people are happy for the opportunity 
to sacrifice if they're convinced it's for a needful 
purpose, for the Lord. 

"I like that statement in the Doctrine and Covenants 
that says : 'Verily it is a day of sacrifice.' And, frankly, 
I don't feel that any sacrifice you might, in your 
bishop's judgment, wish to ask of your families is going 
to bring them anything but happiness." 

The bishop broke in: "Then you don't think we 
should have all the fund-raising projects, nor neglect 
asking money from non-tithe payers?" And the presi- 
dent chuckled openly. 

"I think I've worked on as many fund-raising projects 
as the next man— had a lot of fun doing it. But you'll 
create more problems than you'll solve by trying to 
build your building with carnivals and bake sales. 
You see, your auxiliaries and quorums already have 
their programs and projects. They don't need any 
added fund-raising tasks from you. Solve everything 
through your wise and equitable request from each 
family. And don't neglect the man who's never paid 
tithing. Of course, there will be lots of wonderful 



opportunities for everyone to work with a shovel or 
a hammer. You'll be able to make some tremendous 
cash savings there." The president tilted back again, 
pausing reflectively. 

"Yes, don't neglect asking your inactive brethren 
to make a sacrifice of their time as well as of their 
money." 

The bishop sensed the president had struck a nos- 
talgic note and withheld his questions while the 
president went on: 

"You know, Bishop, this conversation reminds me of 
a young man I once knew— and you might have some- 
one just like him in your ward. He had a good job, 
a splendid wife, and three little children. He had 
plenty of places to put his money, and there was never 
enough to go around. But he had enough for his 
own personal vices, and breaking the Word of Wis- 
dom drove him further from the Church. 

"When his ward started to build a new building, he 
was visited by his bishop. When he complained that 
he didn't really believe in tithing, the bishop asked 
him if he believed in the Primary his children went to 
or the Relief Society his wife attended. The bishop 
began talking in terms of bricks and mortar. They 
cost money, he pointed out, and then he challenged 
this inactive brother with the opportunity of making a 
personal sacrifice of cash to pay for the new building 
his wife and children might be using. 

"The bishop's approach had just the right touch. 
The young man made an important decision: he 
would scrape up the money the bishop had asked 
for. He would make a sacrifice. At first it wasn't 
intended for the Lord but for his wife and children, 
for the bishop. But it didn't end there. Once he put 
his money into the project, he found himself more and 
more interested. He volunteered to do some hammer- 
ing, and he spent many hours toiling with his brethren 
to build what he came to call 'the house of the 
Lord.' Eventually he gave up his bad habits. He 
even attended a meeting or two with his family. And 
finally, one Sunday he appeared at priesthood 
meeting." 

By now the president was misty-eyed and a little 
embarrassed. He chuckled again, relieving the mood 
he'd created. 

"Yes, Bishop, I guess I owe more than I can say— 
those many years ago when I was young and most 
unwise— to the need to sacrifice for building 'the 
house of the Lord.' And the key then, the thing that 
caused me to make the right decision, was a good 
bishop who came to me in kindliness and love, but 
who didn't hesitate to tell me: 'Verily it is a day of 
sacrifice.' " O 



money into the project, he found himself more and more interested, 
to do some hammering. ..." 



75 






Today's Family 






^ 






• 



'""^fc 




Grandmothers 





Mothers are wonderful, but 
they are even more precious 
if they are great mothers or 
true grandmothers. 
'Grandmother" is an honorary 
title until it is earned. Anyone 
whose child has a child is called a 
grandmother. This can happen at 
quite an early age. It isn't unusual 
for a 38-year-old woman to become 
a grandmother, but still that 
"grandness" in the title isn't hers 
until she affects for the better the 
lives of her grandchildren. This is 
done act by act, hour by hour, as 
she builds a good solid bridge be- 
tween herself and each little one. 
Thus, when their eyes meet hers, 
there is understanding. To these 
children here is a person who adds 
to their security; she is the second 
line of defense for them against the 
world. She's there, and she cares 
what they are today and what they 
- will become. All of us know grand- 
mothers who are truly grand hu- 
man beings. 

A woman gives birth to a baby or 
extends , her love to a child and 
adopts it, and in doing so becomes 
a mother. Songs aire sung about 
her, books are written in her praise, 
and nations are stronger because 
of her influence. It is a wonder- 
ful thing to be a mother but a far 
superior thing to be a great mother. 
As we look around, we see women 






. 



76 



Improvement Er£ 




There are many degrees between a mother and a 
"great" mother, a grandmother and a "grand" mother. 








'kj*j^ 



M 



/ 



•; 







J8y Florence B. 
Pinnock 



and Great Mothers 



who could well be called "great- 
mothers," if there were such a title. 

There are many degrees between 
a mother and a great mother. The 
wisdom of the ages, the capacity 
to truly love, an understanding 
spirit, laughter that springs easily, 
and the courage to say "no" to a 
child when it is necessary— all add 
up to greatness in a mother. This 
can happen to you even if your first 
baby was just born yesterday. 

Wisdom comes from being able 
to sift the valuable from each situa- 
tion and discard the chaff. A wise 
mother seldom holds a Ph.D. de- 
gree, but she has learned to use 
yesterday and the day before as 
stepping-stones to today. This wise 
woman knows good from evil and 
teaches her children to distinguish 
between the two. She guides her 
small sons and daughters to choose 
the good. This mother, who is to be 
called great someday, nourishes 
conscience within each of her chil- 
Jren to direct them always. A wise 
mother teaches her children that 
they have a Heavenly Father who 
loves them and wants them to live 
so that they can return to him some- 
day, They learn from her how to 
pray and how to depend on his 
help. 

The capacity to love varies within 
each of us. Some love themselves 
so much that there isn't room in 



May 1967 



77 



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78 



their hearts for anyone else. An- 
other has a heart so big it can en- 
fold her own brood and any child 
anywhere. Many claim to have a 
heart this big, but their actions 
prove differently. To truly love 
shows on the outside in every act. 
Love shines in doing. Showering 
gifts upon a child does not show 
love. True love gives the gift of 
self. 

An understanding spirit is a 
warm, tolerant spirit. When a 
woman can look into a child's eyes 
and see their depths, that is under- 
standing. She sees the reason for 
the child's act, not just the act. She 
clearly sees the consequence and is 
able to transfer its meaning to her 
child. She understands him by 
walking in his shoes, and in so 
doing she guides him into her foot- 
steps. 

A little girl said to her mother 
one day, "Eddie has a funny 
mother." The admiration in her 
voice belied the thought that 
Eddie's mother was strange. It said, 
"She's fun; she's cheerful. I like to 
be with her." Laughter should 
spring easily and quickly from a 
mother. There is a lilt to a great 
person. Someone rightly said, "A 
deep person has a light, happy 
touch; a shallow person is pom- 
pous." A great mother never cries 
over spilt milk. Understanding the 
humor in life makes living enjoy- 
able. 

There are many kinds of courage, 
but one of the greatest and the most 
difficult is the courage of a mother 
to say "no" to her child when the 
need for such an answer arises. This 
strong "no" can mean the difference 
to a boy or a girl between a happy, 
successful life and a dismal, sad 
failure. It takes courage for a 
mother to say "no" when all the 
other mothers are saying "yes." 
With this "no," if a mother is truly 
great, a child feels understanding 
and love. It is a talent to be able to 
say "no" and keep a happy climate 
in a home. This talent can be devel- 
oped if a mother is wise, truly 



loves, is understanding, has a light 
touch, and prays constantly to her 
Heavenly Father. Living will be 
great as long as there are "great 
mothers" and grandmothers in this 
world. 

Some Dishes Mother Made 
Over and Over Again 

Walnut Cookies 

% cup butter or margarine 
X U teaspoon salt 
2 cups white sugar 
1 cup brown sugar 
4 eggs, well beaten. 
3y 2 cups flour 
iy 2 teaspoons baking powder 
1 teaspoon vanilla 

1 cup nuts, finely chopped 

Combine the butter, salt, and sugars; 
cream until light. Add the beaten eggs; 
mix. Sift the flour and baking powder 
and add. Then add the vanilla and the 
nuts. DroD by teaspoons, flatten, and 
bake at 375° F. until light brown. 

Old-Fashioned Two-Egg 
Chiffon Cake 

2 eggs, separated 
iy z cups sugar 

2Vi cups sifted cake flour 

3 teaspoons baking powder 
1 teaspoon salt 

y 3 cup salad oil 

1 cup milk 

2 teaspoons vanilla 

Beat the egg whites until frothy. Grad- 
ually beat in V4 cup sugar. Beat until 
stiff and glossy. Sift remaining sugar, 
flour, baking powder,, and salt into 
another bowl. Add the oil, half the 
milk, and the vanilla. Beat one minute 
at medium speed. Scrape sides of bowl 
constantly. Add the remaining milk and 
beaten egg yolks. Beat 1 more minute. 
Fold in the meringue. Pour into a 
13x9x2-inch pan. Bake about 40 min- 
utes at 350° F. 

The Best Fudge Cake 

2 / 3 cup butter or margarine 
1% cups sugar 
2 eggs 

2 teaspoons vanilla 
2 1-ounce squares unsweetened 
chocolate, melted 
2y 2 cups sifted cake flour 
1V4 teaspoons soda 

y 2 teaspoon salt 
114 cups ice water 

Cream together the butter, sugar, eggs, 
and vanilla until light and fluffy. Blend 
in the cooled chocolate. Sift together 
the flour, salt, and soda; add to the 
creamed mixture alternately with the 
ice water, beating well after each addi- 
tion. Line two 9-inch-layer cake pans 
with wax paper, grease, and pour in 
cake mixture. Bake at 350 degrees F. 
for about 30 minutes or until done. Let 
cake cool, then frost with chocolate 
frosting and trim with walnuts. 



Improvement Era 



Chocolate Frosting 



3 
2 
1 

y 3 



1 -ounce squares unsweetened choc- 
olate 

tablespoons hot water 
cups sifted powdered sugar 
egg 

cup butter 
teaspoon vanilla 



Melt the chocolate in bowl over hot 
water. Remove from the heat and blend 
in sugar and water. Beat well with 
electric mixer. Beat in egg, butter and 
vanilla. Beat at top speed for 5 minutes. 

Pineapple Pie 

1 package lemon fruit gelatin 
l l / 4 cups hot pineapple juice plus 

water 
1 pint vanilla ice cream 
1 can (#2) crushed pineapple, 

drained 
1 baked 9-inch pie shell, cooled 

Dissolve the gelatin in the hot pine- 



apple liquid. Add the ice cream by 
spoonfuls; stir until melted. Chill until 
thickened, but not set. Fold in 1 cup 
drained pineapple. Turn into the pie 
shell. Chill until firm. Garnish with the 
remaining drained pineapple and dol- 
lops of whipped cream. 

Cranberry Sherbet 

(Serves 6) 

Mash 1 can (1 pound) whole-berry 
cranberry sauce and stir in 1 6-ounce 
can thawed concentrated orange juice. 
Stir in iy 2 cups water and 2 table- 
spoons lemon juice. Pour into freezer 
tray and freeze until firm. 

Macaroon Tortoni 

Whip 1 cup heavy cream with 2 table- 
spoons sugar, 1 teaspoon vanilla, and 
% teaspoon almond extract. Fold in 
y 2 cup soft macaroon crumbs. Freeze 
mixture until firm. Spoon into serving 
glasses. Sprinkle with additional maca- 
roon crumbs. O 




llustrated by Phyllis Luch 



Home, Sweet Home 



• Fair and warmer, unsettled, sud- 
den cold, rainy, stormy, high 
clouds, windy, thundershowers, 
and clear. These are all weather 
predictions. How is the climate in 
your family? Each one of these 
weather conditions could apply to 
any family at times. 



If you want to change your fam- 
ily climate, work on enthusiasm. If 
father's feet lag toward family 
evening, so will everyone else's. 
The success of the lesson, the ac- 
tivity, the whole idea of family 
togetherness is in direct proportion 
to father's and mother's enthusiasm. 



May 1967 



LDS BOOKS 

15% CASH SAVINGS ON 
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up to 20% on some titles 



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these savings available upon request, or the details 
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Paul H. Dunn (reg. $3.95) postpaid 

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Laureen Jaussi and postpaid 

Gloria Chaston (reg. $2.95) 

MORMON DOCTRINE $5.90 

Bruce R. McConkie (reg. $6.95) postpaid 

MARY FIELDING SMITH $4.20 

Don C. Corbett (reg. $4.95) postpaid 

FASCINATING WOMANHOOD $4.40 

Helen B. Andelin (reg. $5.50) postpaid 

If order is for less than $3.00 add 10c handling 
charge. Residents of Arizona add 3 percent sales tax. 

LDS MAILBOX BOOKSTORE 

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WHEN YOU'RE 
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79 




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The Improvement Era 

uses your 

Zip Code 
and hopes you use 

yours, too! 



Each must light the torch and carry 
it high. If they think of this night 
as something special, so will the 
children. It will then be a happy, 
enjoyable time. Children react to 
their parent's moods. Enthusiastic 
expectation should begin early in 
the day, and the weather report 
will then be fair and warmer. 

There should be no clouds of 
discontent, such as, "Let's get this 
thing over," or "We'll just read this 
lesson aloud with no time for dis- 
cussion and finding out how each 
member feels about the subject," 
or "All this is a chore to be lived 
through; now behave and the time 
will soon be over." Enthusiasm by 
each child and by each parent for 
the idea of family home evening 
will pay big dividends. The out- 
look for the future will be clear 
and much warmer. 

Sunshine Soda 

Put one scoop of vanilla ice 
cream and one scoop of orange 
sherbet into a tall glass. Spoon on 
2 teaspoons orange marmalade. Fill 
to the top with ginger ale and gar- 
nish with whipped cream tinted a 
pale yellow color. Serve with 
straws and a long spoon. O 



Hindsight 



80 



Let us jump over the mistakes of 
others, learn from them, and do it 
right the first time ourselves. 

Why chop onions the hard, cry- 
ing way? All you need to do is put 
a quarter of an onion and one or 
two tablespoons of water into the 
blender and turn on the switch. 

If you use only part of an onion 
in a recipe, there is no need to 
waste the rest. Cut the section of 
onion fairly coarse, and place it on 
a square of foil; wrap it drugstore 
style, and freeze. F.B.P. 



Improvement Era 



Richard L. Evans 

The Spoken Word 



Courtesy and Character 



Often where people live and move so crowded, so closely, of utmost 
importance are courtesy and character. "Manner[s] [are] not so 
frivolous or unimportant as some may think, . . ." said Samuel 
Smiles. "A manner at once gracious and cordial is among the greatest 
aids to success, and many . . . fail for want of it; . . . rudeness and 
gruff ness bar doors and shut hearts. ... A man's manner, to a certain 
extent, indicates his character ... his taste, his feelings, and his temper. 
. . . Artificial rules of politeness are of very little use. What passes by 
the name of 'Etiquette' is often of the essence of . . . untruthfulness. 
It consists in a great measure of posture-making, and is easily seen 
through. . . . but the natural manner . . . signifies a great deal. . . . Good 
manners consist, for the most part, in courteousness and kindness. . . . 
The truest politeness comes of sincerity. . . . No amount of polish can 
dispense with truthfulness. . . . True courtesy is kind. It . . . contribute [s] 
to the happiness of others, and in refraining from all that may annoy 
them. . . . Want of respect for the feelings of others usually originates 
in selfishness, . . . want of sympathy and want of delicacy— a want of 
. . . perception and [neglect of] attention to those little and apparently 
trifling things [that are so essential in courteous and kindly living of 
life]. . . . Without some degree of self-restraint in society a man may 
be . . . insufferable. . . . [And] for want of self-restraint many men 
are . . . rendering success impossible by their own cross-grained un- 
gentleness; while others, . . . much less gifted, make their way and 
achieve success by simple patience, . . . and self-control." 1 True courtesy 
and true kindness and thoughtfulness are increasingly essential to the 
successful living of life, and true courtesy never comes without true 
character. ". . . good manners are thoughts filled with kindness and 
refinement and then translated into behavior." 2 



* "The Spoken Word" from Temple 
Square, presented over KSL and the Columbia Broad- 
casting System March 5, 1967. Copyright 1967. 

Samuel Smiles, Character: Manner—Art, Ch. 9. 
2 Author unknown. 



Better than Sunlight 



Every man is privileged to 
believe all his life that his own 
mother is the best and dearest 
that a child ever had. By some 
strange instinct of taciturnity 
and repression, most of us lack 
utterance to say our thoughts 



in this close matter. A man's 
mother is so tissued and woven 
into his life and brain that he 
can no more describe her than 
describe the air and sunlight 
that bless his day. — Christopher 
Morley, Mince Pie 



May 1967 



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81 



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Let's make 
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"The ERA 
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home!" 

82 



Richard L. Evans 

The Spoken Word 



The Dotted Line 



Signing on "the dotted line" has come to be a symbol of entering 
into obligations — a symbol sometimes of getting into things that 
are not easy to get out of. Many have discovered that it is much 
easier to get into things than it is to get out of them. Sometimes we 
seem to set our hearts on opening certain doors, on entering into certain 
situations, and we knock and pry and push and almost insist on getting 
inside. Then we may find that being inside isn't quite what we thought 
it was. And often we find that the exits aren't so easily accessible. This 
question of getting into what is hard to get out of applies to many 
matters: to borrowing, to signing notes, to contracts of many kinds, 
to joining things, to accepting things, to mortgages, to marriages. It is 
so easy to sign, so easy to accept, so easy to say "yes," so easy to make 
commitments — and so hard to fulfill, so hard to pay back, so long to 
regret, so long to repent — so easy to get into and so hard to get out of. 
Often we pursue mirages. We follow fashions; we cling to pride; we 
stubbornly set ourselves, and make commitments and shortsighted de- 
cisions. But before we do, we should see ourselves on the paying side 
as well as on the receiving side. We should read the fine print; we 
should take a long look, consider consequences, and not commit ourselves 
to any course that would impair our peace, our solvency, our self-respect, 
our credit, our character, our conscience. It isn't only the moment that 
matters. It is the morning after, the month after, the year after, the 
long years ahead, the whole of life — and everlasting life. We must 
look beyond the moment, through all the days there are, to the day the 
debt is due. We must look beyond the limits of time, even into eternity, 
and keep ourselves as free as we can from questionable compromise, 
questionable company, questionable commitments. We should read the 
fine print, take a long look at life (and not trust the moonlight too much), 
and consider all commitments carefully in the clear light of day, and 
proceed slowly before assenting, before signing. 



# "The Spoken Word" from Temple 
Square, presented over KSL and the Columbia Broad- 
casting System March 12, 1967. Copyright 1967. 



"But How Do 

The teacher asked the students 
to draw a picture of that which 
they wanted to be when they grew 
up. They went to work dili- 
gently, some drawing pictures 
of soldiers, some of policemen, 
some of nurses. All worked hard 
except one little girl, who sat 



I Draw This?" 

quietly holding her pad and 
pencil in hand. 
"Don't you know what 
you want to be when you grow 
up?" asked the teacher. "Yes, 
I know," she replied, "but I don't 
know how to draw it. I want 
to be married." 



Improvement Era 



Of*P*50»l OCT *W;B WHWt || OCTAVE II fUXIiiKE 




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for an organ with these stops? 



Pictured are the stops of a Great Diapason 
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Flute work on the Swell, and Strings on the 
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These stops alone can give you a rich vari- 
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But they are just part of the tonal make-up 
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May 1967 




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Each of these stops is tonally independent. 
Each is programmed through various chan- 
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All right, "How much should you pay?" 
We think our price for the Baldwin Model 6 
in the area of $6500 is remarkably reasona- 
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information, just write Baldwin, Dept.IE 5-67, 
Cincinnati, Ohio 45202. 

83 



Janis Hutchinson, mother of three, is Gospel Doctrine teacher 
in the Wendover (Utah) Ward, and is presently finishing her 
first book for an East Coast publisher. 





I remember that I took off my shoes and socks, rolled up 
my slacks, and stepped in. I can still remember how good that mud felt. 

Mommy Likes Mud Too! 

By Janis P. Hutchinson 



• The back door opened quietly. Then a voice called, 
"Mommy, promise f you won't get mad?" 

I sighed to myself. "What now? I'll try not to," 
I replied. 

Bobby's head peered around the corner apprehen- 
sively. "Let's see the rest of you," I gasped. 

As he inched himself around the corner of the door- 
way, I screamed inside. Bobby was (as usual) cov- 
ered with mud. I pictured my nice clean bathroom 
and the inevitable job of cleaning up after Bobby. 
But, instead, I managed to say, "Hi, there. Looks like 
you're really having some fun." 



The expression on Bobby's face changed. "It's okay, 
then?" 

"Sure. Just be sure to clean up the basin after you 
get through." I smiled reassuringly, then sighed. I 
heard the basin fill up and visualized the muddy foot- 
marks that would be all along the top edge of the 
tub, where he would have to stand; the muddy ring; 
the gooeyed-up soap; the muddy drips that would run 
from his hands down his elbows and onto the floor 
(which, of course, he would then step in); the dirty 
towel. . . . 

Bobby reappeared in the doorway. "Hey, Mom, 



84 



Improvement Era 



come on out and see what we're making!" 

Out we went, to the yard, where his sister Patty was 
playing. Observing the tall dirt mountain, neatly 
shaped roads, secret tunnels, and one huge lake in 
the middle— full of mud— I said, "Boy, Bobby, that's 
really swell!" 

Bobby plunged into the dirt again and asked, "You 
wanna play cars with us? Look how neat they go 
through these tunnels." 

Patty, looking quite disgusted, turned to Bobby and 
said, "Honestly, Bobby, don't you know anything? 
Mommies don't play in dirt. They don't like it!" 

"Well," I said, smiling, "mommies don't usually play 
in the dirt, but I can remember how good all that 
mud feels." They looked at me as if they hadn't 
heard right. "Yes," I continued, "I remember the time 
when I got a great big bucket and filled it with the 
nicest, gooey est mud you ever did see. Then I took 
off my shoes and stockings, rolled up my slacks, and 
stepped in. I can still feel how good that mud felt 
oozing up between my toes. Then I washed my hands 
and arms in it." 

"You mean you really like mud? Golly." Patty 
looked at Bobby with an I-guess-mommies-aren't-so- 
bad-after-all look. 

Later, on one occasion when the oldest boy, Gordon, 
accused me of not knowing exactly how he felt about 
something, Patty interrupted with "Oh, yes, she does. 
Remember, she likes mud!" 

Strangely enough, this was the beginning of real 
communication and understanding between us. 

I found other occasions to gain the children's con- 
fidence by letting them know that I understood exactly 
how they felt. 

"Mom, I can't swallow this asparagus ... it just 
won't go down. It's nasty!" Then, "I just can't! I'll 
never like it!" 

I felt like saying, "It's good for you— full of vita- 
mins. You're just acting silly, and it's all in your 
mind!" But instead I managed a sympathetic look. 
"Yes, I can remember when I thought my mother was 
the worst monster in the world to make me eat my 
asparagus. And I always used to sit and pick all the 
bits of onions out of the dishes she'd fix, just as you 
do. I know children don't like certain foods, but 
when you grow up you'll like them." 

At the next dinner, I had to smile as Patty, shud- 
dering as she did, put a forkful of meat loaf (with 
onion) into her mouth. 

"Ugh . . . but I'll like them when I grow up." 

What does all this have to do with communication? 
The main complaint of older children when they 
won't go to their parents is, "They don't know how I 



really feel. They just won't understand. Nothing I 
say or do is important." 

Achieving communication is the big factor in de- 
veloping happy family relationships. I want to help 
my children and have them feel free to come and 
talk with me. But at times I've been guilty of giving 
the impression that I'm too busy to be bothered with 
listening to them. I have the deepest love for my 
children, as I'm sure all parents have. I'd give my 
life for them. But I wisely decided that instead of 
my life, how about 15 minutes regularly? 

Bobby was so excited about his birthday party. He 
had opened all his presents but one. This was an 
envelope that he knew was from me. When he opened 
it, it read, "Dear Bobby: Starting tomorrow, my pres- 
ent to you is 15 minutes a day. This will be your 
special time. I'll do anything you want to do . . . 
even get down on the floor and play cars. Love, 
Mommy." 

"You mean it?" he exclaimed excitedly. But then a 
little apprehensively, "What if someone calls and wants 
you to do something?" 

"Then," I replied, "they'll just have to wait. Nothing 
is going to interfere with your special time." 

Another time, Bobby wasn't feeling well and was 
lying on the couch. 

"Mommy?" he called. 

"What do you want this time? Do you want some- 
thing?" 

"No. . . . Mommy?" 

"What on earth do you want me for?" 

"I just want you," Bobby answered. 

At this point I melted somewhat and said, "Do you 
want me to hold you, Bobby?" 

Nodding his head, he snuggled into my lap. After 
five minutes of just sitting, I began to think of the 
cake I wanted to get into the oven, of the floor I 
wanted to get waxed before the other children came 
swarming home from school. 

"I love you, Bobby," I said, giving him an extra 
squeeze. 

"Me too, Mommy." 

Ten minutes went by. 

"Mommy," he began, very seriously, "I love you as 
much ... as much as . . ."—his brows knitted together 
— ". . . as much as all the mountains in the whole world 
stuck together." 

I chuckled to myself, "Who cares about the floors!" 

Sometimes I have thought that I spend a great deal 
of time with my children because I have them around 
me all day. But it isn't the right kind of time. Emo- 
tionally, the children don't need me to iron their 
clothes; they need me to spend that special time that 



May 1967 



85 



shows them that I love them, not their clothes. 

Eight-year-old Patty once said, "You know, I think 
I'd miss you if I were killed. Know why?" 

"Why?" I asked, surprised. 

"Well, I'd miss my warm bed, and you to snuggle 
with." 

I observed that she didn't say, "I'd miss all the ways 
you love me by sewing on buttons, washing my clothes, 
cleaning my bedroom." But she would miss the spe- 
cial time of direct physical nearness— not the time spent 
in correcting or teaching, but in just being loved. 

Preparing the family night lesson on repentance, I 
came to the part where the parent is supposed to im- 
press upon the child that whenever he or she has any 
problems, the child should feel free to come and seek 
advice and help from the parent. With all the hustle 
and bustle during the day, where was the opportunity 
that I could provide for this? Taking three clothes- 
pins, I colored on each one the 1 name of a child. 

"Now," I explained to the children, "whenever you 
have a problem— or perhaps it may not be a problem, 
but just something you want to talk about— come and 
get your clothespin from the flower dish on the piano 
and quietly clip it to the door handle of the freezer. 
When I see it, I won't say anything; but after you are 
all tucked in at night, that person and I will get to- 
gether, without any interference from the others, and 
talk about his problem." 

This worked out very well, especially as I realized 
that bedtime seemed to be a different time. It was 
a time when the cockiness and pretending dissolved, 
and the children's true feelings would come to the 
surface. 

One time Patty leaned over to me as she was going 
out the door to school and whispered, "Look on the 
freezer!" Then, giggling, she left. 

That night Patty told me her problem. We talked a 
long time and worked out a solution. 

As we said goodnight Patty hesitated for a moment. 
"You know something? That clothespin sure makes 
things easier." Then happily she hopped off to bed 
with, "I love you, Mommy!" 

Another example of frustrating the older child is 
by not letting him be himself. 

"Ma!" Gordon dashed in wildly. "I'm in the school 
play! It's about this here guy . . ." 

"This boy," I said gently. 

"Well, this boy moves in with this uncle, and he 
don't know . . ." 

"Doesn't know . . ." 



"He doesn't know that his uncle is the real murderer. 
And he finally finds out from snooping around, but 
he don't know what . . ." 

"Doesn't know, Gordon." 

"Doesn't know what, Ma?" Gordon looked puzzled. 

"You were saying ..." I said. 

Slowing down, with a somewhat less excited expres- 
sion on his face, Gordon continued, "Oh, yeah. He 
don't know what to do 'cause his uncle's been good 
to him, and yet he seen him do . . ." 

"He saw him," I said, patiently suffering. 

Gordon sighed and shoved his hands into his pockets. 
"Oh, never mind, Ma." 

"But Gordon, I'm interested," I said, looking sur- 
prised at his sudden change. 

"Oh, it's really not too exciting anyway. It's just 
sorta a dumb story, I guess." With a frustrated shrug, 
he sauntered off outside. 

It goes without saying that raising children takes a 
huge amount of patience. Children react angrily, 
and we as parents tend to do the same. Irritations of 
the day can make our tempers rise sharply. 

Whatever success I have achieved in my relation- 
ships with my children is based, I'm certain, on my 
letting them know that I know how they feel; giving 
them sufficient time and attention to assure them that 
their personal hopes, dreams, and problems are most 
important to me; and making certain they have ample 
opportunity to express themselves. This approach has 
worked for us, and for this reason I pass it along for 
the consideration of other parents. O 



Bluebird 
By Naomi Stevens Smith 

On trembling wings you lift your body high 
And waft it effortlessly into flight. 
One moment you are poised against the sky, 
Then gone beyond the limits of my sight. 

Not lost, that I should grieve or will you here 
To match the pace my clumsy feet must move. 
Not changed, that I should spend myself in fear, 
Nor ever moved beyond the reach of love. 



86 



Improvement Era 



To Kathy 
By Maureen Cannon 

How vulnerable. .... For all your Alone, and very brave. All that 

shoulders squared, you're feeling 

Your careful public face, your Is my pain, too. But we've a mu- 

smile revealing tual task: 

No private thought at all, I see you I will not offer help. You will not 

scared, ask. 



* 

Richard L. Evans 

The Spoken Word 



Uninvited Events 



No man ever lived his life exactly as he planned it. There are things 
all of us want that we don't get. There are plans all of us make 
that never move beyond the hopes in our hearts. There are 
reverses that upset our fondest dreams. Unforeseen events are always 
in the offing. Countless people who have had their careers carefully 
planned have seen them swept aside by a single sudden circumstance. 
Accidents, ill health, misfortune in money matters, the loss of loved ones, 
the faithlessness of friends, the tragedies of a troubled world, the missing 
of time and tide, and many other untoward events can, in a moment, 
take from any of us the plans and pleasures and purposes we have long 
pursued. And when events take a turn we haven't anticipated and upset 
our plans and purposes, we sometimes give way to hopelessness or to 
fatalistic fear or to bitter rebellion— rebellion against life, rebellion 
against our inability to control it according to our own ideas. And often 
we rail against facts that cannot be refuted, and bruise our heads and our 
hearts in fighting irrevocable realities. But when some unlooked-for 
accident or some uninvited event does enter in, there is no peace 
or purpose in letting rebellion rankle within us. There are many things 
in life beyond the present power of anyone to alter or to answer or to 
understand. And what we cannot understand we shall have to accept 
on faith— until we do understand. In any case, rebellion isn't the answer. 
But neither is hopeless resignation. Resignation may retreat too far. 
But somewhere between bitter rebellion and beaten resignation there 
is an effective fighting ground where a man can make the most of 
whatever is, where he can still face each day and do with it whatever 
can be done. And when life rides roughly over our best laid plans, the 
way to personal peace, to faith and effectiveness, to accomplishment and 
reconciliation is to change what should be changed, if we can, and to 
make the most of whatever is, when we can't for the moment change 
the facts we face. 



*"The Spoken Word" from Temple y 
Square, presented over KSL and the Columbia Broad- 
casting System February 26, 1967. Copyright 1967. 



May 1967 



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Warner Bros. 



Up the Down Staircase features Sandy Dennis as an idealistic public school teacher. 



Best of Movies 

By Howard Pearson 



88 



• Up the Down Staircase, based on 
a best-selling book by Bel Kaufman, 
spotlights the behavior of some 
students and educators in schools 
in certain underprivileged areas in 
America today. 

It does this by concentrating on 
one young, idealistic teacher who 
confronts the realities of her first 
assignment. The characters pre- 
sented in this powerful and honest 
portrayal are typical of those to be 
found in many schools today. Some 
of them make the headlines with 
their defiant behavior; some are 
pompous, pushy types— even their 
fellow students see through them; 
others just want to learn. 

There aren't enough of the latter 
type of students to counterbalance 
the bad, but that would negate the 
purpose of the story. Even the 
school administrators have their 
problems, because theirs is a poor 
school in a poor district with poor 
students. But without flamboy- 
ancy, without preaching, the light 
of the idealistic teacher shines 
through. Her problems and those 
of her colleagues are • presented in 
straightforward fashion. 

Near the film's end she stages a 
mock trial from a classical story. 



A boy who has been in and out of 
courts, who has been considered 
a bad student, comes through with 
flying colors. He discovers who 
he is after searching for his iden- 
tity, and in his triumph the young 
teacher finds her own identity. The 
film could furnish a vehicle for 
many discussions with worthwhile 
aims. Broadway star Sandy Dennis 
leads the splendid New York cast, 
which includes some young peo- 
ple who have never before acted. 

Latter-day Saints with a sports 
bent should find interest in Goal, 
a beautifully photographed account 
of the world soccer finals held in 
England last summer. The long 
playoffs, the games leading to the 
finals, and the championship com- 
petition between England and 
West Germany make a thrilling 
movie experience. Interesting shots 
of the crowds and music by the 
Royal Grenadiers supply worthy 
side effects in a picture suitable 
for the whole family. 

Three Walt Disney movies that 
offer enjoyable fare for all family 
members will be playing at theaters 
and drive-ins through the summer. 
Included are Folloio Me, Boys, the 
heart-warming story of Scouting 



Improvement Era 



that won the Family Movie of the 
Year award; Bullwhip Griffin, a 
spoof on westerns of the gold-rush 
period; and Monkeys, Go Home, 
a delightful comedy about monkeys 
that pick olives. 

A Man for All Seasons, the 
splendid picturization of the Broad- 
way play about the clash between 
Henry VIII and Sir Thomas More 
because of the latter's refusal to 
compromise his conscience, also 
continues as one of the finest pic- 
tures of the season. 

In the category of adventure 
pictures, older members of the 
family should enjoy Grand Prix, 
which concentrates on auto racing 
on the tracks of Europe, but one 
or two scenes make this film un- 
suitable for the young. Funeral 
in Berlin is a secret agent story 
with many suspenseful moments 
and, since it was filmed along the 
Berlin wall, the added feature of 
an educational angle. 

The Mikado, new film version of 
the Gilbert and Sullivan operetta, 
filmed during an actual perfor- 
mance of the operetta in a London 
theater, is being released to some 
theaters on a reserved-seat basis. 
Also in the classical category are 
Romeo and Juliet, featuring the 
London Ballet, and Bolshoi Ballet 
of 1967, which is just going into 
general release in a few selected 
theaters, and which turns the spot- 
light on the Bolshoi and its won- 
derful dancers and music. 

For the very young, there are 
not many films. Two stand out: 
Brighty of the Grand Canyon, story 
of a freedom-loving burro who 
lived in the canyon 50 years ago 
and became part of canyon history, 
and Do You Keep a Lion at Home? 
in which two little brothers have a 
fantastic adventure with talking 
animals, playful lions, non-frighten- 
ing ghosts, and a magic fountain. O 



Motion pictures reviewed on this page are 
neither approved nor recommended by the 
Church or the Era. They are, however, in 
the judgment of the reviewer, among the 
least objectionable of the current films. 



May 1967 




FRANCIS W- 



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price. Also, please send the following circled book(s) as my first regu- 
lar Club selection. . „ „ , c r 
1 z o 4 D b 

Enroll hie as a LDS Books Club member and send me monthly reviews. I hereby agree to purchase 
a minimum of 4 regular selections or alternates during the next 12 months at the regular adver- 
tised price. (Premium books for joining do not qualify as a regular Club selection or alternate.) 
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to assure speedy delivery of your Era 



90 



The Church 
A/loves On 





February 1967 

New stake presidencies sus- 
tained: Julian C. Lowe, presi- 
dent, and Byron F. Dixon and Ira 
L. Somers, counselors, Potomac 
Stake; Derek J. Plumbley, presi- 
dent, and Archibald M. McCormack 
and John H. Weightman, counse- 
lors, Manchester (England) Stake. 

The 80-team all-Church bas- 
ketball tournament began this 
afternoon in eight Salt Lake City 
gymnasiums, with three divisions: 
junior, senior, and college. 

Van Nuys First Ward won 
the all-Church senior division 
basketball tournament by defeat- 
ing fellow Californians, Mar Vista, 
89-87. Holladay Third won the 
consolation from Spanish Fork 13th, 
80-59. Pleasant Grove Third placed 
third, defeating Clearfield Second, 
56-52. Corvallis won the senior 
sportsmanship trophy. 

Centerville Third won the junior 
division, defeating Garden Park, 
51-42. West Hills defeated Moun- 
tain View 45-51 for the consolation, 
while Holladay 24th won over 
Yoomeenchoopeetes 68-61 for third 
place. The Yoomeenchoopeetes 
team, from a Navajo Indian branch 
in Sevier Stake, won the junior 
division sportsmanship trophy. 

BYU 47th won the college divi- 
sion over their nearby campus 
rivals, BYU 43rd, 43-32. Utah 
State University Sixth took the con- 
solation from Idaho State Univer- 
sity Third, 56-52. Oregon took 
third by defeating Utah Third, 
51-34. 



Improvement Era 



The appointment of Samuel 
L. Holmes, Lafayette, Cali- 
fornia, to the general board of the 
Deseret Sunday School Union was 
announced. 



March 1967 

The First Presidency an- 
nounced the appointment of 
Howard C. Badger of Salt Lake 
City to preside in the South African 
Mission, succeeding President J. 
Golden Snow. 

The appointment of Frank W. 
Gay, Encino, California, to the 
Deseret Sunday School Union gen- 
eral board was announced. 

The First Presidency issued a 
statement endorsing the current 
fund drive of the American Red 
Cross. 

New stake presidency: Butler 
(Salt Lake County) Stake, 
President William James Mortimer 
and counselors, Don H. Brighton 
and Alvin D. Nydegger. 

The First Presidency an- 
nounced the appointment of 

William N. Jones of Salt Lake City 

as a mission president. 

New stake presidency: Wich- 
ita (Kansas) Stake, President 
John K. Lawson and counselors, 
Gerald P. Langton and Phil R. 
Young. 

Relief Societies throughout 
the Church were celebrating 
this month the 125th anniversary 
of the founding of the organization 
at Nauvoo, Illinois, on March 17, 
1842. 

The Salt Lake Tabernacle 
Choir sang before a capacity 
audience in the Arizona Veterans 
Memorial Coliseum at Phoenix, 
under the sponsorship of the ten 
stakes of the Phoenix area. O 




May 1967 



for accurate news coverage 

both 

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Let's make 
our target 

The ERA 



i j 



: ■■■ 

::".':::. i-lSiKJ: 



92 



in every 
home! 



Buffs 

and 

Rebuffs 



Portraits of Joseph Smith? 

I am very interested in your article 
on Joseph Smith (December) and 
would like to note that my mother, 
Margaret Ann Hill White, lived with 
her family in Nauvoo and experienced 
the hardships of the Saints. Her 
father served as bodyguard for the 
Prophet Joseph. My mother distinctly 
remembered seeking the lifeless bodies 
of the Prophet and Hyrum when they 
were taken from Carthage. 

A friend of our mother's family, a 
Brother Cahoon, had in his possession 
a tintype of Joseph and Hyrum, identi- 
cal to picture "D" on page 1076. He 
had six pictures taken from this tin- 
type and gave my mother one of them, 
which I remember well. I can testify 
that the picture in the Era is a true 
copy of the picture my mother had, 
and we all knew it was the Prophet 
Joseph Smith. 

Maude White Whitehead 

(92 years old) 

Santa Monica, California 

Home Evening 

My roommates and I here at Ricks 
College enjoyed the articles on home 
evening (January) and would like to 
read suggestions for conducting a 
home evening in a student apartment. 
Our favorite section, by the way, is" 
the "Era of Youth." 

Linda Anne McBride 
Rexburg, Idaho 

The New Format 

Just can't say enough good about the 
new format as we continue to become 
more and more acquainted with it each 
succeeding issue. Also, the illustra- 
tions of Trevor Southey have a 
warmth to them that is memorable. 
Philip Bellon 
Provo, Utah 

More than ever we've noticed the 
changes in the Era, the new art work, 
and the very pertinent articles di- 
rected at the problems of this day. As 
a family — thanks! 

Brady Family 
Phoenix, Arizona 

Of all the new ideas, the one that 
gives me the most pleasure is placing 
the articles to follow from page to 
page instead of having to turn to the 
back of the magazine to finish read- 
ing the article. 

Irene Middleton 
Trona, California 



What a marvelous experience to turn 
off TV and curl up with really good 
literature! 

Mrs. Gail Bartholomew 
Coalinga, California 

"The Uncertain Promise" 

The quality of the Era fiction is really 
improving! I enjoyed "The Uncertain 
Promise," and it reinforced my think- 
ing on temple marriage. Congratula- 
tions on the continued changes being 
made and especially for running all 
of an article together without con- 
tinuing it to the back of the magazine. 

LaDene Sweat 

Weber State College, Utah 
j 
Changes of Address 

Please accept my thanks for the most 
prompt attention to an address change 
I have ever seen. I transferred from 
one Air Force base to another in the 
first week of January and several days 
later forwarded my new address, but 
I did not expect to receive my January 
Era at my new address just two weeks 
later. I know of no magazine or pub- 
lication that extends such quick 
service. 

Daniel Dreher 

Holloman AFB, New Mexico 

Great Scott! Two of them! 

To give credit to a fine scout, Robert 
F. Peterson of Owyhee Ward, Nyssa 
Stake, we note the error in the Febru- 
ary "Era of Youth" in which he is 
identified with Mesa Stake. 

Ross E. Butler, scoutmaster 

Ontario, Oregon 

As I was reading I checked the refer- 
ence to the Journal of Discourses, Vol. 
1, p. 73, in Elder Gordon B. Hinckley's 
talk (December). I found the refer- 
ence should be JD, Vol. 1, p. 133. 

Dan Bachman 
Orem, Utah 

Nonmembers Write 

My gratitude for such an inspiring 
and comforting magazine! I am an 
investigator of your Church and look 
forward monthly to the Era. 

Mrs. B. Jameson 
Sydney, Australia 

I am writing to tell you what wonder- 
ful work your Mormon elders are do- 
ing here in New Zealand. I have often 
heard "by their fruits ye shall know 
them," but never before did I realize 



Improvement Era 



how true it is. Though not a member 
of your Church at present, I respect 
your missionaries. 

Glenis Clark 

Gisborne, New Zealand 

I have received a copy of the December 
issue and find it very interesting. I 
have enjoyed watching your [general 
conference] TV presentations from 
Salt Lake City. 

Maurice J. Pollard 
Dover, New Hampshire 



No Need for Panic 

One article I look forward to each 
month is "These Times" -by Dr. G. 
Homer Durham. When I saw the new 
January issue I looked for his article 
and almost panicked, but thank good- 
ness it was there. I use these articles 
often to relate lessons to "these times" 
in our times. 

Mrs. Victor Merrell 
Moses Lake, Washington 

Sometime ago I read where you will 
accept contributions for "End of an 
Era." I sent several items to you 
but they have not been returned to 
me and I have not heard if they were 
accepted. Could you please tell me 
what has happened to them? 

Jerald Palmer 
Phoenix, Arizona 

For "End of an Era" we do welcome 
original contributions of appealing or 
humorous sidelights on Latter-day 
Saints and the Mormon way of life. 
We do not accept jokes, quotations, or 
epigrams of general interest. Contri- 
butions that are accepted arc paid 
$3.00 within six weeks. Others will be 
returned only if accompanied by 
a stamped, self -addressed envelope. 



Turkish Conference 

Era readers throughout the world 
might be interested to know that we 
held a district conference here in 
Samsun, Turkey, on January 8, under 
the direction of the East Mediter- 
ranean District presidency. It was 
here in Northern Turkey that the 
Nicean Creed was formulated in 325 
A.D. 

Sgt. Kenneth G. Colyar, USAF 

Samsun, Turkey 



May 1967 



mUrt , 3ttpr4ay Saints: 
The Lattery ndToday 



C The Mormo ns 



yesterday 



11 



Robert Mull^ 
i 




The 
Latter-day 

Saints 

THE MORMONS YESTERDAY 
AND TODAY 



by Robert Mullen 



This is the kind of book both Mormons and 
non-Mormons will enjoy. It retells the 
past and reports and interprets present 
aims, beliefs, and progress of this remark- 
able church. Mr. Robert Mullen, a former 
editor of Life, is a knowledgeable, able 
observer and writer on the world scene. 
As a result, the book is informative, 
objective, and fair. Its simple and beau- 
tiful style makes it a literary work of art. 

High praise from home and abroad 

A recent British edition under the title, 
The Mormons, is receiving high praise. 
From England's "Southern Evening Echo" 
comes this summary: 

"Whether one believes in, tolerates or even 
dislikes the (Mormon), one is bound to be 
extremely interested in this well-written 
and factual book that answers a host 
of questions." 

Norman Vincent Peale calls the book "a 
fascinating account of a tremendous 
religious movement." 

An ideal book to own or give to friends. 
$5.95 From a" booksellers. 

•I DOUBLED AY 



93 




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94 



These Times 



By Dr. G. Homer Durham 

President, Arizona State University 



Education and 

religion ivill provide 

answers to the problems 

of shrinking 

neighborhoods. 



International Law: 
Prospects and Developments 



# A characteristic of this generation 
of Americans, not greatly noted, is 
the absence of spirited discussion 
about the prospects and the need 
for the development of interna- 
tional law. 

This may be due to other prob- 
lems: our own nationalism, pre- 
occupation with civil rights, and 
other internal developments. 

However, it is also possible that 
there has been more substantial de- 
velopment of international law in 
the past twenty years than in the 
preceding generations combined. 
There has been a ground swell of 
the ingredients that constitute ef- 
fective elements of an international 
legal system. Thus there may have 
been less talk about international 
law, per se, but more development 
of it in fact. 

Prior to 1850, international law 
consisted largely of the influences 
of custom, religion, and adjudica- 
tion by each nation of its own 
rights and interests. There were 
some treaties, some primitive diplo- 
matic machinery, and, of course, 
talk and scientifc discussion. The 
ingredients that make for law in 
the fuller sense— legislative, admin- 
istrative, and judicial—were largely 
missing. Such organs began to 
emerge about 1850, in the inter- 
national sense. The Universal 
Postal Union and the International 



Bureau of Weights and Measures 
are examples. 

The development of many such 
organs in the last twenty years has 
almost escaped attention. The list 
is large. It includes the Inter- 
national Monetary Fund, the 
International Telecommunications 
Union, the International Atomic 
Energy Agency, International Seed 
Testing Association, and so on. 
These organs embody and serve the 
needs of fundamental economic and 
social interests nurtured by the 
scientific and technological revolu- 
tions. Notable examples are the 
International Civil Aviation Orga- 
nization and the International Air 
Transport Association (IATA), 
whose operations underlie tariffs, 
services, and privileges of the 
world's jet fleets, and which involve 
the home governments of every na- 
tion so served. The health certifi- 
cates accompanying the passports 
carried abroad by all who travel 
symbolize one small phase of the 
work of the World Health Orga- 
nization, meshed with national and 
local health agencies. 

A feature of our times is the fact 
that nominal "hot" war between 
approximately equal nations ap- 
pears to have been replaced by 
softer names, such as "police ac- 
tions" or "cold wars." Such wars 
that flame out into the open are no 



Improvement Era 




longer "declared" wars. Congress, 
for example, has not declared war 
since World War II. Wars of "ag- 
gression," openly acknowledged as 
late as 1939, no longer "exist." All 
such are now wars of "defense" or 
"liberation." 

Something more than subtlety 
attaches itself to these phenomena. 
The changed terminology reflects 
dawning recognition of the limited 
utility of warfare as an instrument 
of national policy, as heretofore 
understood. Wars of "liberation" 
rather than of "aggression" appeal 
to both domestic and external pub- 
lic opinion, including what has 
come to be called "the world com- 
munity." Instantaneous communi- 
cation, by satellite, radio, telephone, 
or cable, serves this "world com- 
munity" and those who influence 
and arc influenced by it. 

The coming of the missile, the 
laser beam, the globe-circling satel- 
lites, jet aircraft, the 747 (due in 
1969), and the SST (due there- 
after)— all foreshadow even greater 
developments. There are now 
about 125 billion passenger miles 
flown per year. In 1980, accord- 
ing to Fortune (February 1967, 
"The $4 Billion Machine That Re- 
shapes Geography"), there will be 
nearly 720 billion passenger miles 
flown. The world's communica- 
tions and information systems, fed 



by satellite and personal travel, will 
have produced more change by that 
time than we can today possibly 
imagine. 

But we can forecast the problems 
these developments pose. 

Problem Number 1 is the crowd- 
ing together, in less time and space, 
of the enormous cultural and politi- 
cal differences that exist. The 
USA, which has five percent of the 
world's people, nearly 50 percent 
of the world's telephones and ma- 
chines, and all forms of wealth, 
including an adequate food supply, 
is within a few travel hours of 
China. 

Problem Number 2 is the outlook 
for this situation. Based on past 
experience— the crowding of cul- 
tural groups in New York City, for 
example— the future is stormy. The 
ever-crowding world neighborhood 
will be rife with conflicts. The 
people of the USA, placed under 
severe strain in shifting from iso- 
lation to world involvement in the 
recent past, will be (1) subjected 
to more severe internal stresses and 
strains, and (2) challenged to de- 
velop new means of conflict 
resolution. 

Problem Number 3 is the neces- 
sity of reckoning with the chal- 
lenge. What avenues lie open to 
optimism, hope, and creative effort? 
The hope lies largely in future 



attitudes among men toward each 
other. 

Education— education at home, 
and education everywhere in the 
world— can serve this end. Edu- 
cation is needed to build human 
manpower resources to ( 1 ) support 
and maintain life and health, and 
(2) build the capacity in indi- 
viduals and the communities of 
the world to somehow, in orderly 
ways, thrive and develop, while in- 
habiting a shrinking neighborhood 
filled with new and strange neigh- 
bors. Religion can help. The issues 
really get down to bedrock with 
the doctrine of the Fatherhood of 
God and the brotherhood of man. 

Therefore, there will have to be 
much more than education as we 
normally view it. There will have 
to be more than an upsurge in 
technical exchange and service, so 
broadly launched by so many 
countries and agencies since 1945. 
(For example, sixty-five percent of 
the faculty at Michigan State Uni- 
versity have spent a year or more 
abroad in some form of technical 
or scientific service. Some 60,000 
scholars, scientists, engineers have 
been exchanged between the U.S. 
and other nations under the Ful- 
bright program since 1946, and 
other nations have similar pro- 
grams.) There must also come a 
change in attitudes. O 



May 1967 



95 



End of an Era 



The day was hot and humid, 

making the morning session of 

stake conference seem rather 

long. 

Two men paused to visit 

between sessions, and one asked 



the other, "Are you planning 
to stay until the bitter end?" 
The other, who was scheduled 
to speak in the afternoon session, 
replied, "Brother, I am the 
bitter end!" 



r 



"End of an Era" will pay $3 for humorous anecdotes and experiences 
relating to Latter-day Saint way of life. Maximum length 150 words. 



Life Among the Mormons 



My aunt attended a Relief 
Society meeting at which a 
recording was played about 
a woman who had become active 
in the Church after years of 
inactivity. At a dramatic point 
in the story, the voice on the 
recording had just said, "Now 
that I am active in the Church 
I . . ." when the needle stuck in 
a groove, "go to meetings . . . 



go to meetings 
meetings. . . 



. go to 
— Submitted by 



Myrle Phelps, 
Montpelier, Idaho 



Ward Picnic 
By Virginia Maughan Kammeyer 

A party, a party, we're having a party; 
The entire ward we'll include. 
Hooray, hooray for picnic day! 
But who is bringing the food? 

The bishopric's getting the ice cream cones; 
The elders are bringing the punch; 
The high priests are laying the barbecue stones; 
Oh, we'll have a wonderful lunch. 

A party, a party, we're having a party, 
And all of us would fain 
Go to the park for a summer lark, 
That is, if it doesn't rain. 

If the bishop remembers the ice cream cones, 

And the ladies remember the salad, 

And the high priests remember the barbecue stones, 

And our reservation is valid, 

And the seventies bring the volleyball nets, 

And we all remember to pray 

That the children won't get the chicken pox, 

We'll see you a week from today. 

Next Month: Genealogy 



V. 



One night after a family home 
evening lesson, Father asked his 
three-year-old son, "Robert, 
are you going on a mission?" 
Robert, in all seriousness, replied, 
"I can't. I'm in my pajamas!" 
— Submitted by Mr. and Mrs. 
Thomas Byrnes, Pleasant 
Grove, Utah 



The Pharaoh, a man with a good, 
curious and out-reaching mind, 
summoned his great mathematics 
teacher, Euripides. He wanted 
to learn mathematics, particularly 
geometry, so he was taught 
from the beginning. But he grew 
impatient with the long, torturous 
effort and asked if there was 
not a shorter way. He was assured 
there was not. "Ah," he said, 
"but I am the Pharaoh." "Yes, 
sire," said Euripides. "But there 
is no royal road to geometry." 
So far as I have been able to 
learn in my lifetime, there is no 
royal road to anything worth 
achieving. — President Marion 
D. Hanks 



96 



Improvement Era 



" Values in a World 

Change 




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perspective exemplified by 
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Integrity in broadcasting 

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