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NOV 7 1375 



UNIV. OF iViAcji. 
ARCHIVES 



UMASS/AMHERST 



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Index 1975 



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Birth of Freeionx 

The Ccjurse oj" Human Events 

The Anions of Msailun^ 

The Gooci People 
of these Colonies 

The Pursuit of Happiness 

Full Power to Levy Tfer 

These Colonies 



JoKn Neister tAitor -va- Chief 

Para Normandy Managing Editor 

Kermit Piinton Business TVIanager 

Daniel Smith Photography Eiitor 

Dario Politella Hculty AAvisor 





Copyright © 1975 \>y Jolin Neister, University of Missadmsetts 
All cigWs reservei). Nj part o[ this publuiation. tnay be 
repro^uce<S or tranftnitte^ \n any J-omv or py any mearus 
witliAut perrtuastan- in. writma Trom. the editor. 



BIRTH 



OF 



FREEDOM 



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inne Hulton was a native Bostonian 
and sister to Henry Hulton, the Com- 
missioner of Customs. She really is not 
that different from other women in 
Boston with the exception that she had 
closer ties than most with England. Her 
version of the Battle for Lexington and 
Concord sheds a great deal of light on 
the human drama of those days. 



One out of every five people living in 
the colonies remained loyal to the king. 
That's roughly 500,000 people in a land 
of two and a half million. 

Spirits ran high, on July 28, 1774 
when Joseph Stebbins put up a Liberty 
Pole on the village street in Deerfield. 
During the night a group of Tories 
sawed the Pole down. But when the vil- 
lage arose the next morning another Li- 
berty Pole was in its place; this time 
with a flag attached. 

On September 22, 1774 Northamp- 
ton and Springfield had a joint town 
meeting and decided: "we by no means 
intend to withdraw our allegiance from 
him (King) so long as he will protect us 
in the free and full exercise and enjoy- 
ment of our character rights and liber- 
ties." 

By November 1774, Northampton 
had changed this decision and had a 
standing army of over 100 men, with 
Jonathan Allen as the captain of their 
Minutemen group. 

The Whigs of Deerfield had heavy 
odds against the Tories. The Minister, 
the judge, the sheriff, the esquire, the 
three doctors, the town clerk and trea- 
surer, one storekeeper, and two of the 
three tavernkeepers had held commis- 
sions from the King and were generally 
the young bloods who were looking for- 
ward to places of honor or office from 
royality and were loyal to the source of 
power. 

One Tory in Deerfield wrote, "O 
Tempore, All Nature seems to be in 
Confusion: every person in fear of what 
his neighbor will do to him. Such times 
were never seen in New England." 




At present, my mind is too agitated to attend to any subject 
but one, and this is the one that you will want to know about. 
On the 18th, at 1 1 at night, about 800 light infantrymen were 
ferried across the bay to Cambridge. From there, they marched to Con- 
cord, about 20 miles. The Rebels had been assembled at that place, and 
it was imagined that the General had information about a magazine being 
formed there. The infantry was going to destroy it. 

The people in the country are all furnished with arms and have what 
they call minute companies in every town ready to march on any alarm. 
They had a signal — a light from one of the steeples in town that flashed 
when the troops here embarked. The alarm spread through the country, 
so that before daybreak the people were in arms and marching to Con- 
cord. About daybreak, a number of these people appeared before the 
troops near Lexington. They were called upon to disperse. Instead, they 
fired on the troops and ran off. At that point, the light infantry pursued 
them and brought down about fifteen. Then the troops went on to Con- 
cord and executed their business.. 

On their return, they found two or three of their people lying in the 
agonies of death, scalped — their noses and ears cut off and eyes bored 
out — it exasperated the soldiers exceedingly. A monumental number of 
people were now occupying the hills, woods, and stone walls along the 
road. The light troops drove some of them from the hills, but stone walls 
along the road served as a cover to them. The light troops fired on the 
rebels who ran off whenever they fired. These people were supplied by 
fresh numbers who came from many parts of the countryside. 

In this manner, the troops were harrassed in their return for seven of 
the eight miles. They were almost exhausted and had used almost all of 
their ammunition, when to their great joy, they were relieved by a brigade 
of troops under the command of Lord Percy, with two pieces of artillery. 
The troops now fought with renewed zeal and marched in their return 
with courageous faces. They received sheets of fire all the way for miles. 
But they had no visible enemy to combat with. The Rebels would never 
face 'em in an open field, but always skulked and fired from behind walls, 
and trees, and out of windows of houses. 

Lord Percy has gained great honor by his conduct through this day of 
severe service. He was exposed to the hottest of fire and inspired the 
troops with his coolness and spirit. 

Several officers and about 100 soldiers are wounded. The killed amount 
to around 50. We can have no exact account of the enemy, but it is said 
that around 1000 of 'em have fallen. 

The troops returned to Charlestown at sunset. Some of 'em had 
marched nearly fifty miles, involved since daybreak in action, without 
rest, or refreshment. About ten in the evening, they were brought back to 
Boston. The next day, thousands came from the country. At this time, 
Boston Neck at Roxbury from Cambridge to Charlestown is surrounded 
by at least 20,000. They are raising batteries on three or four different 
hills. We are now cut off from all communication with the country, and 
many people must soon perish with famine in this place. 

For the past several nights, I thought that I would be roused by the 
firing of cannons. Tomorrow is Sunday, and we may hope for one of rest. 
At present, a solemn and silence reigns in the streets. Many people have 
packed up their belongings and left the town, but the General has put a 
stop to any more leaving. So there are about 9000 souls left in town 
(besides the servants of the crown). These are the greatest security for the 
General declared that if a gun is fired within the town, the inhabitants 
shall sacrifice. In our distress and apprehension, I am happy 
our British hero was saved. My Lord Percy had a many 
great and miraculous escapes in the late action. 




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wOw^wQi^ THE :300th AMMI¥ER§ARYOF wq wo „o ^ 




''THE §H<ITi HEiiRD ROUMD THE WORLD'' 










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^ * * 

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PEOHiES BICEMTEMMI Ali COilllllSSIOM 
<«17)247-lS«l,4l>OBE4COM ST.,BOSTOM,lllAJSS. 



Major John Pitcairn was one of 
the most able and popular British 
officers. His account is a report to 
his commanding officer, General 
Gage. 



Rev. Jonathan Ashley was settled in 
Deerfield for life and nothing short of 
an ecclesiastical revolution could upset 
him. He had prayed publicly for the 
King for 40 years and continuing true 
to him and his ministers took no pains 
to conceal his loyality. He was a strong- 
minded man and his influence was all 
against the Whigs and their 'wicked re- 
bellion'. The Whigs were desirous to 
get rid of him by any means in their 
power. The town, hoping to freeze him 
out, in 1774, refused to vote him any 
salary or firewood, but the Tories over- 
rode the attempt. Later the Whigs tried 
to dismiss him, but could not. They did 
succeed, however, in not furnishing him 
any firewood, but he still remained. 

It is said that, "When Parson Ashley 
of Deerfield finished reading a procla- 
mation from the pulpit ending with the 
customary 'God save the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts', he rose to his 
full height and with serious tones ad- 
ded, 'and the King, too, I say, or we are 
an undone people.' " 





Sir, As you are anxious to know the particulars that 
happened near and at Lexington on the 19th Inst — agreeable 
to your desire, I will in as concise a manner as possible state the 
Facts, for my time at present is so much employed, as to prevent a ^ 
more particular narrative of the occurrences of that day. ~ 

Six companies of Light Infantry were detached by Lt. Col. Smith to 
take possession of Two Bridges on the other side of Concord — Near 
Three in the Morning, when we were advanced within about Two miles 
of Lexington, Intelligence was received, that about 500 Men in arms were 
assembled, determined to oppose the Kings Troops, and retard them in 
their March — On this intelligence, I mounted my Horse, and Galloped up 
to the Six Light Companies — when I arrived at the Head of the ad- 
vanced Company, Two Officers came and informed me, that a Man of 
the Rebels advanced from those that were assembled, had presented a 
Musquet and attempted to Shoot them, but toe Piece flashed in the Pan 
— On this I gave directions to the Troops to move forward, but on no 
account to Fire, or even attempt it without orders; when I arrived at the 
end of the Villiage, I observed drawn up upon a Green near 200 of the 
Rebels; when I came within about One Hundred Yards of them, they 
began to File off towards some stone walls on our Right Flank — The 
Light Infantry observing this, ran after them — I instantly called to the 
Soldiers not to Fire, but to surround and disarm them, and after several 
repetitions of those positive Orders to the men, not to Fire&C — some of 
the Rebels who had jumped over the Wall, Fired Four or Five Shott at 
the Soldiers, which wounded a man of the Tenth, and my Horse was 
Wounded in two places, from some qliarter or other, and at the same time 
several Shott were fired from a Meeting house on our Left — upon this, 
without any order or Regularity, the Light Infantry began a scattered 
Fire, and continued in that situation for some little time, contrary to 
repeated orders both of me and the officers that were present — It 
will be needless to mention what happend after, as I suppose Col. 
Smith hath given a particular account of it. 



Boston camp 
26th April 

»l 1775. 



I am sir 

Your most obedt 
humble Servant, 

John Pitcairn. 





Here is what is undoubtedly the most accurate of all thescenesof the battle of Lexington. It was made by Amos Doolittlein 1775. 




The celebration of the Bicen- 
tennial will mean different 
things to different people and 
will be celebrated in a variety 
of ways. 

Massachusetts started off 
the National Bicentennial Ce- 
lebrations in Concord and Lex- 
ington on the 19th and 20th of 
April. 

Millions of people from all 
over the country and the world 
crammed together, in these 
towns and the surrounding 
ones, to catch either a glimpse 
of Minutemen and Redcoats, 
or the performers at the Peo- 
ple's Bicentennial Party. 

Here is one student's ac- 
count as she spent a couple of 
sleepless nights and braved the 
rain and cold weather for this 
historic event. 

Friday morning, April 18, 
we got up early and headed for 
Concord for the big Bicenten- 
nial weekend. The official start 
of our nation's celebration of 
having survived for 200 years. 

Massive crowds were ex- 
pected for the event, and as we 
toured Concord on Friday, 
hordes of people were arriving, 
streets were being closed off, 
and the town was disrupted. 
That quality of apprehension 
and excitement present before 
any big event was there. A 
kind of electricity and uneasi- 
ness pervaded the atmosphere, 
as policemen, guards, photo- 
graphers and press corps sur- 
veyed the area, sized up the 
passersby and looked suspi- 
ciously at anyone carrying a 
knapsack, sleeping bag, or 
even too many cameras. Trou- 
ble was expected, and perhaps 
even hoped for. Members of 
the People's Bicentennial 
Commission (PBC) were com- 
ing to harass the President. I 
felt it was viewed that way by 
those in charge of keeping 
order. Townspeople must have 
felt that such a group would 
shed an unfavorable light on 
their town, and look bad to the 
President and his men. Resi- 
dents of Concord are proud of 
their heritage, and rightly so. 
Fear of anything going wrong 
was not a pleasant thought. 

An all-night concert was 
planned to start at midnight. 
The stage was set up and the 
people came. Thousands, 
equipped with tents, blankets, 
cameras, notebooks, pot, 
brandy and anything else to 





As the breach widened between England and 
America, colonial town meetings often turned 
into bitter disputes among loyal supporters of the 
king and patriots who demanded rebellion. 



The Tories in Amherst had a 
loud voice and determined much 
of the town's poHtical feelings for 
awhile. Amherst got rid of the 
men in high positions who op- 
possed the war and finally in Jan- 
uary of 1776, the townspeople had 
a majority voice to support the 
Continental Congress. 

General Burgoyne and one-half of 
the British army marched through Am- 
herst on their way to Boston, knowing 
that the sentiments of the town officials 
were with the British. 

When Colrain heard of the Lexing- 
ton and Concord battle, they sent their 
Minutemen right away. Boston officials 
urged most of the men to return home 
because they were not prepared for 
warfare at all. 

After Northampton heard the news 
of the Concord and Lexington battles, 
the minutemen left immediately for the 
front and reached Concord on the 26th. 

On word of the British march on 
Concord, the Charlemont Minutemen 
marched to Cambridge. Some returned 
home shortly afterwards and some re- 
mained to fight at the Battle of Bunker 
Hill. 





I, John Parker, of lawful age, and commander of the 
militia in Lexington, do testify and declare, that on the nine- 
teenth instant, in the morning, about one of the clock, being 
informed that there were a number of Regular Officers riding up & 
down the road, taking and insulting people, and also was informed that 
the Regular Troops were on their march from Boston, in order to take 
the Province Store at Concord, immediately ordered our Militia to meet 
on the common in said Lexington, to consult what to do, and concluded 
not to be discovered, nor meddle or make with said Regular Troops (if 
they should approach) unless they should insult or molest us; and upon 
their sudden approach, I immediately ordered our militia to disperse and 
not to fire; immediately said Troops made their appearance, and rushed 
furiously & fired upon and killed eight of our party without receiving any 
provocation therefor from us. 

John Parker 

I, Thomas Fessenden, of lawful age, testify and declare, that being in 
a pasture near the meeting-house at said Lexington, on Wednesday, last, 
at about half an hour before sunrise, ... I saw three officers on horseback 
advance to the front of said Regulars, when one of them being within six 
rods of the said Militia cried out, "Disperse, you rebels, immediately;" 
on which he brandished his sword over his head three times; meanwhile 
the second officer, who was about two rods behind him, fired a pistol 
pointed at said Militia, and the Regulars kept huzzaing till he had finished 
brandishing his sword, and when he had thus finished brandishing his 
sword, he pointed it down towards said Militia, and immediately on which 
the said Regulars fired a volley at the Militia and then I ran off, as fast 
as I could, while they continued firing till I got out of their reach. I further 
testify, that as soon as ever the officer cried "Disperse, you rebels," the 
said Company of Militia dispersed every way as fast as they could and 
while they were dispersing the Regulars kept firing at them incessantly, 
and further saith not. 

Thomas Fessenden 

However to the best on my recollection about 4oClock in the Morning 
being the 19th of April the 5 front Compys was ordered to Load which 
we did, about half an hour after we found that precaution had been 
necessary, for we had then to unload (fire) again and then was the first 
Blood drawn in this American Rebellion. It was at Lexington when we 
saw one of their Compys drawn up in regular order Major Pitcairn of the 
Marines second in Command called to them to disperse, but their not 
seeming willing he desired us to mind our space which we did when they 
gave us a fire then run of(f) to get behind a wall. We had one man 
wounded of our Compy in the Leg his Name was Johnson also Major 
Pitcairns Horse was shot in the flank we return'd their Salute (fire) 
and before we proceeded on our March from Lexington I believe 
we Kill'd and wounded either 7 or 8 men. 

— Statement of Jeremy 
Lister, of the 10th 
Regiment, the youngest _ 
British Officer present i^^ 





Asa Graves, a Sunderland native, 
was George Washington's bodyguard. 

A story in Deerfield runs that a mob 
of Whigs had gathered about John Wil- 
liams' (Tory) house. The Whigs found 
it garrisioned by well-armed friends; 
that as they were advancing to break in 
the door, a window over it was opened 
and Seth Catlin appeared, musket in 
hand, threatening to blow a lane 
through them if they advanced another 
step. The crowd knew him too well to 
doubt his word and a parley was called. 
A committee of the mob was admitted 



and for one hour the questions at issue 
were discussed. Meanwhile, the com- 
mittee was well plied with hot, strong 
spirits. The Committee declared them- 
selves well satisfied, went out and re- 
ported to their constituents that Mr. 
Williams was a good patriot and had 
given good Christian satisfaction. This 
report settled the affair and the mob 
went home. 

On April 20, 1775 a Deerfield town 
meeting voted to pay a small army in 
preparation for the Revolution. 





keep warm and dry on the 
soggy ground. All night we lis- 
tened to singers and speakers, 
against war, against the go- 
vernment, against the Presi- 
dent. Phil Ochs sang "... I 
ain't marching anymore ..." 
and the crowd screamed and 
cheered. They questioned the 
war, the government, and who 
killed President Kennedy? 
Khmer Rouge, Vietnam, and 
on and on . . . 

Power and freedom for the 
people, strung out in a carnival 
atmosphere. Pete Seeger and 
Holly Near, Richard Chavez, 
and United Farm Workers. 
The rain came, the liquor bot- 
tles came out. Freezing in four 
feet of mud, comrades huddled 
together under unbrellas. TV 
cameras whirred, reporters 
took notes. An endless night 
set in along with fatigue, and 
everyone waited for dawn or 
Arlo Guthrie. 

The area surrounding the 
North Bridge was checked con- 
tinuously. People swarmed 
everywhere, even the trees were 
crowded. The whole atmos- 
phere was unreal, the rally of 
the PBC seemed inappropriate, 
belonging to another place and 
another time. Everyone re- 
membered Woodstock, and 
some tried to relive some of the 
old feeling. But it was gone, 
and this was not the place to 
get it back. 

At about 3:30 AM we began 
to make our way back over the 
North Bridge toward Concord. 
We wanted to be in Lexington 
to observe the reenactment of 
the battle on the green at 5 
AM. 

We had been told that there 
would be bus service provided 
between the towns of Lexing- 
ton and Concord. In order to 
pick up the bus, we figured we 
had better be to the waiting 
spot early. All the policemen 
we asked about the bus service 
had no idea what we were talk- 
ing about, so we decided to 
walk and have the bus catch up 
to us. 

As we walked closer to town 
we noticed many of the town's 
people walking with picnic bas- 
kets, folding chairs, children, 
blankets and other things in 
order to find a good spot to see 
the parade, which was to start 
about six hours later. The 
prime spots near the Bridge 
were already filled by 4 a.m. 

In the center of Concord, we 
asked more policemen about 



John Adams had been sent to Phila- 
delphia to attend the second continental 
congress. He was lonely and in a lot of 
ways out of touch with his native land. 
Letters were the only means of staying 
in touch not only with people but also 
with events. 

In the privacy of his letters to his 
wife, he gives us a look at what our 
founding fathers were really concerned 
with much of the time. No one had all 
the answers and much was in doubt. 
John knew better than most the "great- 
ness" of his task. 

John Adams; June 10, 1775 



Another story, concerning Parson 
Ashley in Deerfield, is that in a sermon 
soon after the battle of Bunker Hill, he 
declared that the souls of the rebels who 
fell there went straight to Hell. When 
he went back for the afternoon service, 
he found the pulpit door nailed up. He 
called upon his Deacon, Jonathan 
Arms, the blacksmith, to get some in- 
strument and open the door. The dea- 
con replied that he did not use his tools 
on the Sabbath. 



My dear, with smarting eyes, I must write a few lines to 
^^you. I never had in my life such severe duty to do, and I was"^^ 
Fnever worse qualified to do it. My eyes depress my spirits, and' ^ 
"^my health is quite infirm. Yet I keep about, and attend congress^ 
_rvery constantly. I wish I could write freely to you, my dear, but I' 
rcannot. The scene before me is complicated enough. It requires better! 
eyes, and better nerves than mine; yet I will not despond. I will lay all' 
difficulties prostrate at my feet. My health and life ought to be risked in 
the cause of my country, as well as yours, and ail my friends. 

It is impossible to convey to you any adequate idea of the discomforts 
I am under. I wish that you and our friends may not be in greater distress 
than I am. Yet I fear you are. Pray let me know as often as possible. I 
don't know the state of Boston people as exactly as I could wish. 

Two days ago we saw a very wonderful phenomenon in this city: A field 
day. Three battalions of soldiers were reviewed, all in uniforms, going 
through the manual exercise, and the maneuvers, with remarkable dexter- 
:ity. All this has been accomplished in this city since the 19th of April; so 
: sudden a formation of an army never took place anywhere. 

In congress we are bound to secrecy. But, my dear, I believe that ten 

thousand men will be maintained in Massachusetts and five 

thousand in New York. 

I must close now. My love and duty where due. 




Captain Dickinson gathered some 
men to form a company of Minutemen 
after the battle of Concord had been 
fought and trained them till they were 
ready to see battle. The Amherst Min- 
utemen first fought at the Battle of 
Bunker Hill. 

The Charlemont town trail was used 
as a highway for soldiers and supplies 
from Boston to the Hudson Valley. 
Charlemont also saw the troops march- 
ing back to Boston with the wounded 
and the prisoners from the Battle of 
Saratoga. 

In 1777 in Conway, every ablebodied 
man is said to have marched out of the 
town to meet and fight General Bur- 
goyne. 



'& ! 



CONCORD FIGHT 



rHE MOR.N1NG OF APRIL NIN! 




the bus route, but they too 
knew nothing of the buses. 

When walking through the 
center on our way to Lexing- 
ton, we noticed that all availa- 
ble dry space around stores, 
museums, and the town hall 
were taken by sleeping people. 
At a general store in Concord 
that had a large porch before 
the door, people were lined up 
one-after-the-other as if it were 
a large bed. 

We found out that we were 
about 10 miles from the Lex- 
ington Battle Green and had 
no way to get there. All cars in 
Concord could not be moved 
until after the parade, unless 
they were leaving the town for 
good. Cars were allowed to 
drive in the town itself, only if 
they had residents sticker. If 
we walked the 10 miles we 
wouldn't make it on time to 
the re-enactment, so we figured 
we'd have to hitch and walk. 
Four rides and 45 minutes later 
we arrived at the green. 

Lexington Green, about the 
size of the land of the Campus 
Center, was innundated with 
people. People were about 10 
deep around the Green; chairs, 
ladders, cars, on others' backs, 
and assorted other methods for 
viewing the reenactment of the 
battle. People were even on 
rooftops of the houses around 
the area. 

The battle, which is pre- 
sented every year, was as auth- 
entic as possible from the 
known records. 

The battle lasted about 30 
minutes, ending with the Bri- 
tish re-grouping and marching 
on to Concord. 

Needless to say, we had the 
long walk back to Concord, 
but knowing that we had made 
it to see the reenactment and 
had a good view of it made the 
walk back a lot easier to take. 

Concord was really bustling 
since the time we had left it. 
People, while waiting for the 
parade, were touring the his- 
toric homes of Concord, the 
Alcott's, Hawthorne's, Emer- 
son's and Thoreau's in particu- 
lar. 

Walking to the bridge from 
town at 6 a.m., it seemed out 
of place for whole families to 
be out with their babies and 
dragging their two-year-olds 
who should have been in bed, 
to the site of the bridge. They 
brought thermos bottles and 



By the middle of June, the Mass. 
committee of safety had learned that 
the British were about to fortify Dor- 
chester Heights, which overlook Bos- 
ton. The rebels sought to counteract 
this by beating the British to it, and 
fortifying Breed's Hill on the Charles- 
town Peninsula. 

Henry Hulton is the Commissioner 
of Customs in Boston. His loyalities 
and his superiors are in England. He is 
a Bureaucrat, a white collar worker. 
But he is a sincere man who loves his 
country and his king. Massachusetts is 
his home, but this is not his war. 

Henry Hulton's letters provide us 
with a unique opportunity to view the 
first major battle of the war, from the 
Tory's point of view. Commonly 
known as the Battle of Bunker Hill, we 
are all well aware of how the militia 
supposedly held their fire until they 
could see the whites of the redcoat's 
eyes. Well, Henry's version of the 
events is not as glorious a picture as our 
Jiistory books would have us believe. 

Henry Hulton; June 20, 1775 

Northampton took no part in the 
Battle of Bunker Hill, except for one 
man. The Northampton Minutemen 
had marched home when the news of 
Bunker Hill reached the town. General 
Seth Pomeroy, a gentleman farmer of 
69 years old, borrowed a horse and 
rode straight to the battle. He found the 
commanding officier. General Putnam. 
Putnam, who knew how committed Po- 
meroy was to the Revolution, said, 
"You're here, Pomeroy! God, I believe 
a cannonball would wake you up if you 
slept in your grave!" 

Northampton sent some men to Can- 
ada to join the troops up there. These 
men wrote home of all the difficulties 
with their expedition. There were no 
doctors or nurses. One French woman 
watched over them and tried to nurse 
them when they were ill. The men fond- 
ly referred to her as "Aunt Sarah". 

The men brought no medical reme- 
dies for any illness, so all they had was 
a syrup and some homemade pills from 
boiled butternut bark. 

Food was also a problem. It became 
so scarce that they were forced to kill 
and eat rattlesnakes. 






For these two months past our situation has been critical 

and alarming. The town is blockaded, and the whole country 

is in arms all around us. The people have not only cut us off from 

all supplies, but they do their utmost to prevent any kind of provi- 
sion form being brought to us from neighboring ports. As we were 
surprised into these circumstances, it's a wonder that we have held out as 
long as we have. 

We are now very anxious for the arrival of the second division, and I 
am afraid it will be necessary to add another to that, before the army can 
operate effectively around this place. The country is very rugged by 
anture, and the rebels have possessed themselves of all the advantageous 
posts. They have thrown up intrenchments in many parts. From the 
heights of this place, we have a view of the whole town, the harbor, and 
the countryside. And last Saturday, I was a spectator of a most awful 
scene. 

On the morning of the 17th, it was observed that the rebels had thrown 
up a breastwork, and were preparing to open fire upon the heights above 
Charlestown. There they could obstruct the shipping, and destroy the 
north part of Boston. Immediately, a cannonading began from the battery 
in the north part of town and from the ships of war, on those works, and 
on the enemy, wherever they could be discovered. Soon after eleven 
o'clock, two battalions marched out of their encampments, and embarked 
in boats. Before high water, they were landed to the eastward of Charles- 
town. Great are our fears that they would be attacked by superior 
numbers, before they could be all assembled and properly prepared, but 
more boats arrived and they all advanced, some on the other side, round 
the hill where the cannon was erected, and some through part of Charles- 
town. On the side of the hill which was not visible from Boston, it seems 
very strong lines were thrown up. and were occupied by thousands of 
rebels. The troops advanced with great zeal towards the intrenchments, 
but were met with both artillery and small arms fire. Many brave officers 
and men were killed and wounded. As soon as they got to the entrench- 
ments, the rebels fled. Many of them were killed in the trenches and in 
their flight. The marines, in marching through part of Charlestown, were 
fired at from the houses. Because of the firing from the houses, the town 
was immediately set in flames. At four o'clock, we saw the fire and the 
sword; all the horrors of war raging. The town was burning all the night; 
the rebels sheltered themselves in the adjacent hills, and the neighborhood 
of Cambridge. The army possessed themselves of Charlestown neck. We 
were exulting in seeing the fiight of our enemies, but in an hour or two 
we had occasion to mourn and lament. In the evening, the streets were 
filled with the wounded and the dying; the sight of which along with the 
crying of the women and children over their husbands and fathers, pierced 
one to the soul. Through the night, we heard of some officer, or one of 
our friends, who had fallen in our defense, and in supporting the honor 
of our country. 

The rebels have now occupied a hill about a mile from Charlestown 
neck; they are very numerous, and have thrown up intrenchments. The 
ships and troops cannonade them wherever they can reach them. In the 
same manner, on the other side of Boston neck, on the high ground above 
the Roxbury metting house, the rebels are intrenching. It grieves me, that 
gentlemen, brave british sholdiers, should fall by the hands of such dispi- 
cable wretches as compose the rebels of the country. They are a most 
rude, depraved, degenerate race, and it is a mortification to us that they 
speak english, and can trace themselves from that stock. 

Since Adams went to Philadelphia, A Dr. Warren, who is a patriot and 
apothecary of this town, has had the lead in the provincial congress. He 
signed commissions, and acted as the president. This fellow happily was 
killed, in coming out of the trenches the other day, where he had 

commanded and spirited the people to defend the lines which he 

assured them were impregnable. You may judge what the herd 

must be when such a one is their leader. Pray the lord deliver 

us. I remain your faithful and obedient servant. 



The President was coming! 









sandwiches and it seemed more 
likely that they were headed 
for an afternoon at an amuse- 
ment park than to see the Pre- 
sident of the United States. 

All areas near the river were 
jammed. Mounted police and 
guards of every description 
were out watching the area. 
Choppers roared overhead. 
People were tense and tired. 
The public address system was 
tested. Members of the press 
swapped information. Photo- 
graphers practiced their angles, 
looking for the best position. 
Press passes were checked in- 
termittently. People were 
asked to clear the area, stand 
behind the ropes and clear the 
bridge. 

Across the river, members of 
the PBC and those who were 
just there because they wanted 
to "send a message to Wa- 
shington" shouted and waved 
their signs while setting up 
their plan of action for the Pre- 
sident's arrival. The entire hill 
was blue denim with yellow- 
slicker polka-dots. 

Hours passed. The time was 
near. The choppers flew lower; 
frogmen secured the bridge, 
and boats finished dragging the 
Concord River. Secret Service 
men hurried around in their 
most officious manner, holding 
hushed conferences with one an- 
other and passing suspicious 
glances. They politely checked 
our bags one by one and fo- 
cused their discerning eyes on 
any unfamiliar object. 

The Presidental seal was at- 
tached to the podium. The area 
was cleaned; the carpet was 
swept where the shoes of the 
President would walk. Ever- 
ything was timed, concise, 
smooth and very, very profes- 
sional. 

Cannons were fired across 
the river. A huge parade of 
brightly clad Minutemen 
marched across the rude 
bridge. A flint lock went off 
and Secret Service men quickly 
pulled the responsible man out 
of the parade, and when con- 
vinced it was just powder, al- 
lowed the man to return to his 
group. The Concord Minute- 
men marched in and stood be- 
fore us, directly in front of the 
President's platform. We 
heard the Secret Service Man's 
walkie-talkie announce, "He's 
on his way." The noise level of 
the crowd got higher and 



The wife of John Adams gives 
us an equally distorted view of the 
same events, but one that we are 
more familiar with. Equally as 
personal, her account reflects the 
concerns and emotions of patriot 
households in Boston. 

.bigail Adams; Jun^21-JJ21,. 



Lieutenant Solomon Allen, a North- 
ampton man, was sent to General Ben- 
edict Arnold with dispatches of the an- 
nouncement of the capture of General 
Andre. 

Greenfield Minutemen did not really 
get involved with the Revolution right 
away. This town sent a large percentage 
of its men to fight in the battle at Fort 
Ticonderoga. 





The day — perhaps the decisive day — is come, the one 
the fate of America depends on. My bursting heart must find 
vent at my pen. I have just heard, that our dear friend. Dr. 

Warren, is no more, but he fell gloriously fighting for his country: 

saying, better to die honorably in the field, than dishonorably hang 

upon the gallows. Great is our loss. He has distinguished himself in every 

engagement, by his courage and fortitude, by inspiring the soldiers, and 

leading them on by his own example. 

Charlestown is laid in ashes. The battle began upon our intrenchments 
on Bunker's Hill, Saturday morning about three o'clock. It has not ceased 
yet, and it is now three o'clock sabbath afternoon. 

How many have fallen, we don't know. The constant roar of the cannon 
is so distressing, that we can't eat, drink, or sleep. I shall stay here till it 
is thought unsafe by my friends, then I have secured myself a retreat at 
your brother's, who has kindly offered me part of his house. 

When I say that ten thousand reports are given, vague and uncertain 
as the wind, I believe I speak the truth. I'm unable to give you any 
authentic account of last Saturday, but you won't lack information. 

I wish I could contradict the report of the doctor's death; but it is a 
lamentable truth. Those favorite lines of Collins sound in my ears: "How 
sleep the brave." 

My father has been more afflicted by the destruction of Charlestown 
than by anything which has yet taken place. Why shouldn't his face be 
sad, when the city, the place of his father's birth, lies in waste. Scarcely 
one stone remains upon another; but in the midst of sorrow we have 
abundant cause for thankfulness — that so few of our friends are among 
the slain, while our enemies were cut down like the grass before the 
scythe. Many poor wretches died for want of proper assistance and care 
of their wounds. 

Every account agrees that fourteen of fifteen hundred were slain and 
wounded upon the other side, and I can't find out if they falsified the 
number themselves. We had some heroes that day, who fought with 
amazing courage. 

When we consider all the circumstances, we're astonished that our 
people weren't all cut off. They were only one hundred intrenched, and 
the numbers fighting didn't exceed eight hundred. They hadn't even half 
enough ammunition, and the reinforcement wasn't able to get to them in 
time. The tide was up, and high, so that their floating batteries were on 
each side of the causeway, and their row- galleys kept a constant fire. 
Add to this — the fire from Cops Hill and from the ships; the town in 
flames, all around them; and the heat from the flames so intense it 
couldn't be beared; the day was one of the hottest we have had this season, 
and the wind was blowing the smoke in their faces — only figure to 
yourself all of these circumstances, and then consider that we haven't lost 
sixty men. My heart overflows at the recollection. 

We live in continual expectation of hostilities . . . with scarcely a day 

that does not produce some. In a contest like this, constant reports are 

circulated by our enemies. They catch with the unwary and the gaping 

crowd, who are ready to listen to the marvelous, without considering 

the consequences, even though their best friends are injured. 

I haven't ventured to inquire one word of you about your return. I 

don't know whether I ought to wish for it; it seems as if your 

sitting together in congress was absolutely necessary, 

while every day is big with events. 




///; 






higher; lights on the TV ca- 
meras lite up and the cameras 
started to pan. 

President Gerald Ford ar- 
rived, amid cheers from the 
crowd on our side of the river 
and a great uproar from the 
PBC on the other side. After 
proper introduction, the Presi- 
dent began his speech, "It is 
the symbol of greatness of our 
celebration . . . tyranny by any 
other name is still tyranny . . . 
inspire confidence of men . . . 
America has always been a 
land of chance ..." were some 
of the sentiments expressed by 
the President, fighting to be 
heard over the continual chant- 
ing and shouting from the esti- 
mated crowd of 28,000 across 
the river. 

President Gerald Ford then 
proceeded to walk across the 
bridge and place a wreath at 
the statue of the Minutemen, 
and was promptly hurried 
away by his protectors. It was 
over. 

The President had quickly 
come and gone; the townspeo- 
ple remained to finish their ce- 
lebration with a gigantic par- 
ade and other activities. We 
were tired and happy it was 
over. 

The question of the PBC still 
remains; what did they hope to 
accomplish? Did they accom- 
plish anything? Looking back, 
it seems that the most they ac- 
complished was to get some 
press coverage, most of it unfa- 
vorable. They really did not 
"send a message to Washing- 
ton" as they said they would; 
no one was listening. 




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The Course of 
Human Events 







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In the beginning, 3,655 freshmen men and women 
entered UMass, in September of 1971, eager and ready 
for the experience that the University might offer them. 

Three years and eight months later, in May of 1975, 
5,018 seniors are being graduated; different in many 
ways than when they entered four years before. Most 
have had some effect on the University itself, whether it 
be from student leader to graffiti-writer. 




The question does arise though, has there been a 
change in themselves or even in the University? 

While there is physical evidence of change in the Un- 
iversity; professors and administrators, who have been 
here for many years, claim little change has taken place. 
Dean William Field, Dean of Students, said, "There 
have been some minor changes, but nothing dramatic."- 



'g^rj-^BT' 










The physical transformation of the University in the past 
four years is the most obvious of the changes. New buildings 
sprang up all over campus during this time period, leaving 
even less open space available. Buildings that had been 
planned for almost a decade, became a reality. 

Towering over all campus buildings, the University Library 
has made a significant alteration to the campus skyline. Using 
the free space between the Old Chapel and the Student Union, 
the tallest library in the world was opened in June 1973. The 
result is a much bigger library area than was ever possible with 
Goodell. Old Goodell Library is gradually being modified to 
house classrooms and offices. 

Fine Arts Center is another building that has influenced the 
campus design. Partially opened in September of 1974, this 
building is adding an art gallery, concert and recital halls, 
theatre and studio theatre to the University, and will house the 
music, art and theatre departments. 

Three towers and a low-rise building were added to the 
UMass skyline when the Graduate Research Center was com- 
pleted early in 1975. Although part of the complex has been 
in use since October 1971, the Center will not be completely 
open until the 1975-76 school year. The Graduate Research 
Center, built for graduates and undergraduates, will house the 
graduate school, a computer center. Physical Science Library, 
and the departments of Computer Science, Statistics, Physics, 
Math, Chemistry, Biochemistry, Polymer Science and Engin- 
eering. 

Tobin Hall enabled the Psychology Department staff to be 
together for the first time when the building opened in 1972. 
It not only provides office space and classrooms, but also a 
Psychology Service Center, research space and housing for 
animals in psychological experiments. 

The Infirmary addition was opened in late 1974, adding 
much needed space and new services to the UMass commun- 
ity, such as eye and dental clinics, better laboratory and x-ray 
space. 








Even the campus pond has been altered in the past four 
years. The Fine Arts Center slightly changed the shape of the 
pond so the pond and the building would come together. The 
little wooden bridge spanning one end of the pond was re- 
moved in 1974 when the walkway was completed in the Fine 
Arts Center. 

In addition to these major changes in the physical design of 
the University, there have been some minor ones. New green- 
houses have been added, two houses in Fraternity-Sorority 
Park have been opened, and Sylvan living area was finished 
and became inhabited. 

But physical alteration is only one aspect of change that has 
occurred in four years; academic change has been affected, 
also. 







<BR$J 








There have been several major developments in academics 
which have affected UMass students during the past four 
years. 

A new grading system was adopted. Grades of " + " and "- " 
(such as A-, B + ) were dropped in favor of grades being 
recorded as AB or EC. This is good for the person who has 
the lower average of the two grades (the B of an AB grade), 
because it was beneficial to the cum, but it was not as good 
for the recipient of the higher grade. 

Not counting any failing grades on cums was another inno- 
vation for students which began four years ago. The idea 
behind this change was that a student would have to make up 
the credits anyway, so there should be no punishment by 
counting failing marks on a cum. This year, the administration 
and some of the faculty felt that the reporting of a failing 
grade should be reflected by the cum. To date, there has been 
no decision on whether this will be changed back or not. Any 
policy change will be in this school year or the year after. 

Greater academic freedom was offered to students in 1971 
when the Bachelor's Degree of Individual Concentration 
(BDIC) was introduced to UMass. The program was designed 
so that students could plan their own programs of study for a 
degree not offered already at the University by combining 
courses from various departments. What started off as an 
experiment became reality when BDIC was accepted in 1973. 
Today, there are over 400 enrolled in the BDIC program. 

In 1974, the physical education requirement was dropped. 







Mass. Legislation Digests Phys. Ed. Program. 




t 




The University has found that interest in many physical edu- 
cation classes remains high, even though taking the course is 
now totally voluntary. 

Many students in this years' graduating class are part of a 
now defunct program called "Swing Shift". Students would 
complete their first semester over the summer, join their class 
second semester and remain together till graduation. The pro- 
gram was dropped in 1 972, due to the lack of funds. 

New courses and majors have been added or taken away 
during the past four years, amplifying the number of changes 
in academics. 

A dispute raged for awhile on whether to allow credit for 
ROTC courses on the UMass campus as well as other cam- 
puses across the country. Credit was taken away from the 
courses for a little while, because of the up-roar, but has since 
been reinstated. 

The Education Marathon, a five day symposia at the School 
of Education which credit is given for attending the Marathon, 
was cancelled in 1972, following a Third World demonstration 
protesting racism in the school. Dean Allen kept announcing 
that the Marathon would still be held, but after a vote with 



the other members of the School of Ed., it was decided to 
cancel it. A policy change was advocated and adopted concern- 
ing the hiring procedures and enrollment of minorities and 
women. 

Social changes have also played a part in the alteration of 
UMass. 




^.^ 



The label on UMass as a "party" school has been sticking. 
But only recently, UMass has been gaining a better academic 
reputation, through word-of-mouth from its students. Yet, the 
University has always had an excellent academic program. 
The news of its prime social activity spread faster and further 
and made more of an impression than its academic superiority. 
Most of the social changes in the University reflect widespread 
social changes rather than changes in UMass alone. 

March 1, 1973 made a big difference in the University. The 
lowering of the drinking age from 21 to 18, brought many 
students out at midnight of the last day of February to enjoy 
their new freedom. From that time, the University had to find 
additional space for the new hordes of drinkers. 

The Blue Wall, once divided in half with a fence (for the 
above and below 21-ers) became an integrated bar to accom- 
modate the new group. Anyone younger than drinking age is 
not allowed in at all. 

The Top of the Campus did not change, because they were 
already as large a bar as they could get. 

The big change came in the Hatch, when in 1973, it was 
renovated so that it could become a bar in the evenings. In the 
past, the Hatch was used only as a restaurant, but it evolved 
into a restaurant by day and a bar with entertainment in the 
evenings. During the school year of 1974-75, the Hatch be- 
came the spot for the Celebrity series, where bigger name 
groups, than was usually offered at this school, came to per- 
form. Now that college students had the legal right to drink, 
almost all college parties were at least partially legal with the 
use of alcohol. The legalization of the other things will take 
awhile to pass. 




Streaking was a short, but sweet phenomenon in the history 
of UMass. First, a few brave males streaked short distances 
and females soon discovered the sport. The distances were 
increased time after time. Residential areas had their own 
local streakers and it would not be unusual for several groups 
of male and female streakers to entertain fellow area members 
for an evening. 

Naked bodies soon became so commonplace that many 
streakers adopted gimmicks to be noticed. Streakers rode bi- 
cycles and unicycles, streakers held hands on the run and 
carrying lit torches became a way of streaking. 

The most important night for the UMass streakers came 
when the University tried to break other colleges' records for 
the largest number of streakers. For days before the mass- 
streak rumors went around campus on when and where to 
meet, and there was even a notice in the Collegian giving all 
the details to interested students. 




The night came when about six hundred streakers stormed 
out of Kennedy Tower, running around Southwest. As long as 
the streakers kept moving, there were no worries of being 
arrested. 

Six hundred naked bodies with red lipstick numbers on the 
moons that were shot all night, ran around campus with noth- 
ing else on. Some did have hats, though, some with scarves, 
one with the American flag over his shoulders, ran into cam- 
pus and into Central area to pick up more streakers. 

The streaking party swelled as they ran into all the living 
areas, Orchard Hill to NorthEast to Sylvan. 

As the number of streakers swelled, so did the number of 
watchers. By the time the streakers ran into the Campus 
Center the streakers and watchers were shouting, "We're 
number one. We're number one.", and clapping to show total 
approval of the escapade. 

After streaking through the Campus Center, the group 



broke up. Some got dressed immediately, some jogged back 
to Southwest and others hustled back to their dorms for some 
warmth. 

That was the last time for a mass-streak for UMass; some 
streakers still paraded around certain areas of campus, but 
never again with the intense number and feelings as before. 

Coed dorms, although they first began before 1971, became 
more numerous and more coed. Starting out with one dorm as 
an experiment in 1970, the numbers grew every year adding a 
few more to the list of available coed dorms until 1975 when 
the number of these dorms total over thirty. 

The liberation of the dorms was quite gradual. Men and 
women were first placed in dorms with an alternate floor plan. 
Then, one part of the corridor was for males and the other for 
females. Finally, coed room-to-room was allowed and some- 
times even coed roommates. 

Bathrooms underwent a similar change also, until men and 
women were shaving together side-by-side. 





pnrManixri 



--W'ijr— - 




Other changes on campus are numerous. Prices on fees, 
tuition, etc. have all gone up. Considering the rate of inflation 
and the increase of prices at other state and private schools, 
this school has done the best that it could do in keeping prices 
as low as they could. 

The UMass administration started a new policy in 1972 by 
accepting more females than before to try for a 50-50 ratio. 
With the class entering in the fall of 1974, they were very close 
to their goal, with only 30 more males entering the University 
than females. More than 500 males entered UMass than fe- 
male students with the graduating class of 1 975. 

The Student Transit Service has made a large impact on the 
University. Starting with a couple of buses and a small budget 
as an experiment with the federal government, the Transit 
Service has grown considerably. In 1971 UMass had three bus 
routes, 26 drivers, five buses and serviced under 3,000 people. 
The buses ran only during the day, no weekend, night or 
vacation service was available. Every year brought more and 
more changes until this year when there are 22 buses, 145 
parttime employees, weekend, night, late-night, and vacation 
service. They transport over 16,000 per day. More buses are 
also available for field trips. Plans are now being made to 
increase the service for next year with a bigger budget, more 
buses, and larger passenger load per day. 

The UMass parking situation has become gradually worse; 
more students have cars than ever before, which means that 
there must be a place for them, for the workers, the faculty, 
the administration and for the commuting students. More lots 
have been added and a new system of classifying them. The 
old system used letters and was approximately one price for a 
parking sticker for any lot. Now the lots are numbered and 
the fee varies depending on how close it is located to the main 
part of campus. 



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EE EH t A3 Ei^ ES 





After the class of 1975 had been in school for one month, 
the administration went through a change. Chancellor Oswald 
Tippo resigned over a dispute in the budget and the role of 
UMass-Amherst with President Robert Wood. Tippo was per- 
mitted a one semester sabbatical leave and then returned as a 
Botany professor. Randolph Bromery was named as Acting 
Chancellor. In April of 1972 he was officially named Chancel- 
lor of the University of Massachusetts. 

The School of Education and the campus experienced a 
crisis during the 1974-75 school year, when it was discovered 
that money was being misused. It is alleged that money was 
being paid to two students that did not exist, and there are 
other instances of misuse. Although maintaining that he was 
innocent. Dean Dwight Allen left the School of Education and 
the University for Africa. Several other members of that 
School aiso left the University. 

Outside influences of the area has, to some degree, changed 
UMass and its students. Route 9 has added many new restaur- 
ants and stores, giving students more of a choice on where they 
want to shop and eat, and also providing more jobs for the 
students. The opening of the Mountain Farms Mall gave even 
more of a choice for students; two medium size stores plus a 
large number of smaller shops came to South Hadley. Some 
areas of Route 9 have provided bus service to lure students to 
shop with them. Stores in Amherst center have changed also; 
the Carriage Shop stores provide a mall-like area in the heart 
of downtown Amherst. 

Apartment complexes have sprung up all over the surround- 
ing areas. Sunderland, Belchertown, South Amherst, North- 
ampton have seen an expanding of their town's population 
with the opening of Brittany Manor, King Philip, Mt. Sugar- 
loaf, Townhouse, Rolling Green, Echo Hill and many others. 




"Today's students are more individualistic than the 
students of four years ago. They are aware of more 
things, including that problems in today's world cannot 
be solved with violence. Students are more employment- 
conscience. They are not apathetic, but more open, will- 
ing and interested in spending more time talking with 
faculty and administration members than the group of 
four years ago." — Dean William Field 






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"Students in the past few years have undergone a 
change in attitudes. They are slowly moving back 
towards the establishment. They are much more career- 
oriented, because of the change in their thinking and 
attitude, the poor economic condition of today's world 
and the job market, and an interest for a qualitative 
education." — Associate Dean John Conlon 

While both the University and the Class of 1975 have 
changed during the past four years, their impact remains 
for history to judge. 



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TKe Actions of TVbaTkin^ 




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BDIC 




There is a way to "beat" the regu- 
lated routine of a traditional college 
education at UMass, graduating 
young persons with such unusual 
qualifications as Ethhomusicologist, 
Astrologer, Fashion Designer, Film- 
Maker, Bowling Manager, Horseback- 
riding Instructor and Dance Thera- 
pist. 

And this is only a small sampling of 
the exciting things students have done 
at UMass in the pioneer degree pro- 
gram called "Bachelor's Degree with 
Individual Concentration" (BDIC) . 

The BDIC program came about as a 
result of both student and faculty de- 
mand at a SWAP (Student Workshop 
for Academic Planning) meeting in 
1970. The program began with a suc- 
cessful two-year trial period during 
the Fall semester of 1971, with an en- 



rollment of little more than 100. In 
1975, there are nearly 400 BDIC ma- 
jors. 

Essentially, BDIC is an alternative 
to the standard degree-earning ap- 
proach. It allows the student to create 
an individualized area of concentra- 
tion by combining courses drawn 
from the various Departments, 
Schools and Colleges in the University 
as well as those from other institutions 
of higher learning. Internships also are 
encouraged. 

To Qualify, students must demon- 
strate the fact that a more traditional 
education would not be adequate pre- 
paration for their chosen field of 
study. BDIC is a tailormade curricu- 
lum where majors pursue for two 
years under the aegis of faculty spon- 
sors they select to guide the student 



through a concentration in some spe- 
cialty area. Besides BDIC require- 
ments, all University graduation re- 
quirements must be fulfilled. 

By structuring the program in this 
way, the University recognizes that 
not all students can or should conform 
to the traditional patterns of higher 
education. Students testify that they 
have become more self-motivated by 
having the opportunity to pursue an 
individual program that is of clearly- 
defined relevance to personal, acade- 
mic or professional goals. 

Dr. Stanley Moss, the present direc- 
tor of BDIC, illustrates another bene- 
fit of the program as, "A student will- 
ing to take a risk in pursuing a non- 
traditional academic program like 
BDIC in the long run has a better 
chance of finding employment." 




He adds that, "In their exposure to 
various courses, students are training 
themselves for specific jobs, especially 
when they take parts of, or perhaps all 
of, a semester in an internship. They 
stand a good chance of proving their 
worth. As a result, many of our stu- 
dents have gone off to good jobs." 

Here are some BDIC success stories. 

An enterprising BDIC major who 
specialized in "Anthropological Film- 
Making" has already sold one of his 
original films as a commercial docu- 
mentary. Another student served an 
internship in Israel studying maine 
. science, while still another devised an 
ingenious computer program that faci- 
litates registration for college courses. 

A BDIC graduate who had concen- 
trated on "Philosophical Anthropo- 
logy" put together a photographic ex- 



hibit (now a part of the UMass Ar- 
chives) of North American Indians 
that drew the attention of the Smith- 
sonian Institution. 

Jim Metzner, a BDIC student from 
Amherst whose area of concentration 
was ethnomusiciology, has developed 
a multimedia magazine called "Sound 
Image." In it, he includes a photo- 
graph record and a folio of photos ta- 
ken by some of the best photo- 
graphers in the world that is se- 
quenced to accompany the recording. 

One BDIC graduate secured a job as 
a microbiologist in the Caribbean, an- 
other recorded and produced his first 
album, and another joined the faculty 
of a leading university. 

To provide a forum for some of the 
talents of BDIC students, the BDIC 
program introduced a festival of per- 



forming arts plus cultural studies, 
which has become an annual event. 
Highlights of this year's program, 
called "Mosaic 11" and held during the 
week of April 28 to May 3, were ori- 
ginal films, a woman's day (featuring 
film and discussion), improvisational 
dance, jazz concerts, a classical guitar 
concert, and "An Evening of Astrolo- 
gical Festivities," which included 
films, dance and music related to as- 
trology. 

As one student put it, "It's a lot of 
work. You have to be completely self- 
motivated, but BDIC is the way to 
beat canned education." 




OiitreaxJa 



while interning with a consumers' lobby in 
Washington, D.C., Barbara Bikofsky became so 
knowledgeable on the subject of sugar imports;^ 
that she was sent as a witness to a House Agri- '" 
culture Sub-committee. 



H 



The Outreach program is devoted to 
getting students involved in off- 
campus projects from part-time vo- 
lunteer work in Western Massachu- 
setts institutions to semester-long 15 
credit internships in everything from 
politics in Washington D.C. to theatre 
in New York's Lincoln Center. The 
goal of these efforts is "to provide the 
students with the opportunity to inte- 
grate theory with practice in a high 
quality educational experience." 

Outreach was begun in the summer 
of 1972 by Bill Burke of the Univer- 
sity Year for Action staff, who saw 
the value of the internship-type exper- 
ience offered by UYA. But he also saw 
the need for a more f lexibile, semester- 
long, as opposed to year-long, pro- 
gram. 

Based on this need. Bill and five stu- 
dents created a survey to test student 
interest in such a program. After a fa- 
vorable response, a proposal was sub- 
mitted to Bob Woodbury, associate 
provost, and Outreach was given a 
room in Arnold House, a small 
amount of money, and the work be- 
gan. 

At first, this work was limited to 
placing students in part-time, volun- 
teer positions. It soon blossomed into 
helping students locate 40 hours per 



week internships for which they re- 
ceived up to 15 credits and occasional- 
ly, limited reimbursment. 

The program grew by leaps and 
bounds; from 11 students the first se- 
mester, to 44 the next; then from 88 to 
the present level of 150 to 175 stu- 
dents placed in internship positions 
each semester. 

The success of the program has 
been due to the devotion and hard 
work of the Outreach staff which is 
comprised primarily of grad students 
and originally, three full-time 
workers. In the summer of 1973, this 
staff was joined by Rich Sokol who 
had been running the VITA (Volun- 
teer Income Tax Assistance) program, 
and is now acting director of Ou- 
treach. 

Students participating in intern- 
ships receive credit through their own 
or other departments in the university 
and through the University Practicum 
200 which grants up to 9 credits per 
semester for just such practical exper- 
ience gained in internship. 

Next semester, 120 students will be 
placed in internships in Massachusetts 
alone; about 37 in Washington, D.C, 
in economics, politics, and history; 
and 35 in New York City in such 
fields as art, mass communications 



and theatre.: In both New York and 
D.C, Outreach maintains a house to 
provide students with inexpensive 
rooming and seminars where personal 
problems with internships are ironed 
out. 

Other students have been sent to 
such "far-out" places as Alaska and 
California to work on game reserves, 
research teams, and in psychology 
clinics. 

Outreach attempts to deal mainly 
with non-profit, professional, techni- 
cal, and social organizations. Occa- 
sionally, however, as in the field of 
mass communications, this is not pos- 
sible and students are placed with 
such companies as WBZ radio and 
TV, and area newspapers. 

Some agencies in Massachusetts at 
which interns are regularly placed in- 
clude the Perkins School for the Blind, 
offices of Senator Edward Brooke and 
Senator Edward Kennedy, Massachu- 
setts Defender's Committee and the 
Hampshire County Day House. 

The Outreach internship program 
has proved to be a truly valuable part 
of the alternative education opportun- 
ities at the University of Massachu- 
setts and its continuation has been re- 
commended after review by the Presi- 
dent's Committee on the Future Uni- 



'SS^S^l^i': 





versity of Massachusetts and Jack Sa- 
loma of the President's office. 

For most students who have partici- 
pated in an internship experience, it 
has proved to be the most valuable 
experience of their college years and 
one of the most rewarding of their 
lives. Regarding the effect of a stu- 
dent's participation in an internship 
on grad school admission, a recent 
study shows that such an experience 
would certainly not hurt any chances 
for admission. Of the schools ques- 
tioned, 94% said that a student with 
average GPA, GRE, and LSAT scores 
and who should be otherwise accepta- 
ble, would not be hurt by an intern- 
ship on his or her record, and 45% 
indicated that the experience would 
enhance chances for acceptance. The 
ultimate goal of Outreach, according 
to director Rich Sokol, is to institu- 
tionalize the internship program into 
the various departments at the Uni- 
versity and eventually into the Five- 
college system. In this way, intern- 
ships would be an option routinely of- 
fered by each department. The depart- 
ments of Political Science, Zoology, 
and Art are rapidly approaching this 
and most others are "very receptive" 
to the idea, he says. 

Internship assistance is only one 



service offered by Outreach. Another 
is SVS or Student Volunteer Services, 
which places 300 to 400 students per 
semester with social service agencies 
in the area. Credit is available for this 
work and for the collectives, colloquia, 
and courses offered by this student- 
run and student-initiated program. 
The goal of SVS is to effect social ac- 
tion and radical social change in such 
areas as racism, in education, the penal 
system, alcoholism, feminism, and ho- 
mosexuality, thus ensuring that the 
University maintains an active role in 
the solutions to problems facing our 
society. It also affords students an op- 
portunity to obtain the kind of real- 
world experience necessary to make a 
four-year college education more than 
simply the acquisition of knowledge 
in a specific field. 

The SBA, (Small Business Assis- 
tance) program gives undergraduate 
and grad students of business; mar- 
keting, bookkeeping, advertising, etc. 
an opportunity to help struggling bu- 
sinesses in Western Massachusetts get 
back on their feet. 

Run in conjunction with the Hamp- 
shire Community Action Commission, 
the Cross Cultural Community Action 
Project is a service of Outreach which 
is dedicated to untangling the problem 



of lead-paint poisoning in children. 
Spanish and American students 
screen-test children from one to six 
years of age to determine whether they 
suffer from lead-paint poisoning. If 
they do, steps are taken to help the 
family of the child remove the source 
of the problem by painting homes 
with lead-free paint. The program is 
run by Alfred Carlson of the UMass 
School of Education in cooperation 
with Pat Keenan of the HCAC and 
attempts to get foreign and American 
students together in a common cause. 
It is through the sincere efforts of 
the people at Outreach in all of its 
functions, that the University of Mas- 
sachusetts approaches the ideal of the 
institution of higher learning; the in- 
tergration of classroom education and 
experience gained from struggling 
with the problems facing our society 
and its institutions in non-traditional 
out-of-the-classroom situations, to 
provide students with the confidence 
and wisdom which must accompany a 
college education in order to cope with 
and better our society and our envir- 
onment. 



Umvevsily ^ear for Action 




The University Year for Action 
(UYA) program provides the oppor- 
tunity for dedicated college students to 
apply their academic knowledge by 
working in public and community 
agencies that deal with low-income 
and institutionalized residents. The 
UYA program is a unique ACTION 
program because it grants academic 
credit as well as a stipend for a full 
year's internship phase in any one of 
many project opportunities. 

The UYA program at the University 
of Massachusetts/ Amherst, since it 
began in 1971, has become the largest 
of the sixty-five programs in this 
country. It now offers a wide variety 
of interning opportunities such as bi- 
lingual teaching, rehabilitation coun- 
seling, legal assistance, health com- 
munity education and recreation, to 
name a few. Many interns also per- 
form outside services to the commun- 
ity by training staff members and es- 
tablishing recreational programs 
within the organizational community. 

University Year for ACTION offers 
project opportunities in eight areas; 
Administration of Justice, Consumer 
Protection, Economic Development, 
Education, Environmental Protection, 
Health, Housing and Social Services. 
The project opportunities are only 
presented after selecting the organiza- 
tions according to their designs and 



goals for the UYA volunteer. The 
most important criterion for the selec- 
tion of a sponsoring organization is its 
commitment to the poverty commun- 
ity. Other crucial factors in selection 
are that the organization allow the 
participation of a University faculty 
member in the planning program, sa- 
tisfactory supervision of the volun- 
teer, provision of an adequate training 
program and that participation in the 
project of the low-income or institu- 
tionalized members of the community 
be part of the plan. UYA prefers si- 
tuations where there is active involve- 
ment and cooperation between the 
community, the faculty, the volunteer 
and the organization. This often times 
insures support and supervision for 
the volunteer as well as the project's 
success. The whole community shares 
the project so it becomes necessary to 
involve all the people involved in the 
project. 

Once the project areas and the pro- 
grams have been selected, an extensive 
recruiting program is undertaken, 
usually in March to coincide with the 
beginning of the next phase which is 
in June. The goal of the recruiting 
program is to supply as much infor- 
mation through multi-media exposure, 
to as many students as possible in 
hopes of obtaining a cross section of 
the University population. Previous 



UYA volunteers have come from var- 
ious educational majors ranging from 
Engineering to Education and Psycho- 
logy. 

Any person who is a full-time regis- 
tered undergraduate or graduate stu- 
dent of the University of Massachu- 
setts or any one of the Five Colleges 
may apply to the UYA program. It is 
suggested that the applicant fulfill 
most of his or her core requirements 
and need one complete year's credit 
before graduation. Other requirements 
that the applicant should take into 
consideration are that this is a full year 
commitment. He or she must also take 
responsibility for his or her housing 
and food for that year. Since the vo- 
lunteer is also enrolled as a full-time 
student he or she is subject to the re- 
spective billing procedures of the in- ^ 
stitution, although some University of 
Massachusetts students are granted 
fee waivers. Another requirement is 
that the volunteer live within the com- 
munity where they are serving. 

Interested students attend orienta- 
tion meetings which inform them of 
the goals and the history of the UYA 
program and after completing the pre- 
liminary forms, and being interviewed 
by prospective agencies, the volunteer 
is informed of his or her acceptance 
about a month before the training pro- 
gram begins. The acceptance also de- 




pends upon the securing of federal 
funds. University and federal appro- 
val and the completion of the UYA 
orientation and agency training. 

The training program is held prior 
to the actual internship. The sponsor- " 
ing organization provides on-the-job 
training for the volunteer. This in- 
volves informing the volunteer of the 
job requirements, and instruction on 
the necessary skills involved in the 
job. Training also involves giving the 
UYA volunteer an over-all perspective 
of how his or her job relates to the 
community and how to utilize com- 
munity and University resources to 
more effectively function within the 
job and the community. 

Once the training program has been 
completed, the UYA volunteer begins 
working on a full-time basis. The vo- 
lunteer is not on a University schedule 
during his or her internship and con- 
siders him or herself an employee of 
the institution. The volunteer is given 
sick leave and vacations in accordance 
with the Massachusetts regulations 
for state employees. 

The specific needs of the volunteer 
are worked out by referring to many 
support groups that are available to 
the volunteer. These resources range 
from local, state and federal agencies 
to the faculty, and from the commun- 
ity to fellow students. Another re- 



source is the quarterly in-service 
workshops which is designed to meet 
the needs of the volunteer observed by 
the faculty, supervisors and the vo-' 
lunteer. 

UYA is a cooperative effort between 
volunteers, faculty, the organization 
and the community. Because of this 
sharing of goals, interests and needs, 
UYA has been able to grow with the 
demands and the needs of the Univer- 
sity community and the off-campus 
communities. To meet these changing 
demands, UYA reevaluates its objec- 
tives, programs and organizations and 
creates a program that will most effec- 
tively work for both communities. 
This year several objectives have been 
emphasized. 

One objective is to increase minority 
participation in the program. The lack 
of minority involvement is attributed 
to the lack of exposure to this new 
model of in-service education. Many 
students, because of their traditional 
educational backgrounds are not 
aware of the alternatives to classroom 
learning that are available. Exposure 
to experiential learning has been car- 
ried out through articles and discus- 
sions of this problem. 

Another problem directly related to 
the lack of minority involvement in 
UYA is that many of the minority stu- 
dents cannot afford a full-time intern- 



ship. For this reason Summer '74 has 
been established. This program pays 
minority students enough money to 
cover tuition and living expenses for 
the next school year. One important 
advantage of this program is that it 
acquaints minority students with pre- 
professional work, different commun-^ 
ities and provides a learning exper- 
ience outside the traditional classroom. 

Another program which has been 
newly instituted is the cost-sharing 
program. This requires' that a potential 
sponsoring agency must make a writ- 
ten commitment to pay fifty percent 
of the stipend per volunteer per year. 
This is done because of the decrease in 
available funds for the ACTION pro- 
gram. 

Many other programs have been ex- 
plored and created toinsure a produc- 
tive and creative learning experience 
for everyone involved in the Univer- 
sity Year for ACTION. UYA seeks to 
provide the opportunities for students 
to grow and learn outside of the col- 
lege community, while it also opens 
up the University facilities to outside 
communities. It is through communi- 
cation and the breaking down of old 
barriers that the program, the Univer- 
sity, the comhiunities and the UYA 
volunteers grow. 



Fi-ve CoUeae CooperaUon 




The aim of Five College Coopera- 
tion is to provide students in the Pion- 
eer Valley with a broader variety of 
academic opportunities than would be 
possible at any one school. Ahhough 
the five institutions making up the 
Five College Community differ in 
identity and composition, they are all 
committed to the concept of exchan- 
ge/interchange of people, ideas and 
facilities. 

Cooperation among these schools is 
not new. It all began in the 1800's 
when the Amherst College faculty and 
adminfetrators assisted in the estab- 
lishment of Mount Holyoke College 
(1837), Smith College (1871) and the 
original Massachusetts Agricultural 
College (1863) (now the University of 
Massachusetts at Amherst) . The effort 
was made for academic reasons. The 
belief was that each of the colleges in 
the early stage iof development {could 
aid and abet each other's needs and 
wants. 

In 1957, the first coordinator of the 
program was appointed. In 1958, a 
four college committee recommended 



the establishment of a fifth college to 
be centrally located to take advantage 
of the existing facilities while experi- 
menting in alternative educational 
concepts. Hamshire College, founded 
in 1965 is the result of this project. 

The Five College Cooperative Pro- 
gram has grown over the years. The 
informal student and faculty exchange 
program began in the 1930's with only 
a handful of students. During 1973- 
74, almost 6,000 students enrolled in 
courses away from their home cam- 
pus. Although still run on an informal 
basis, the procedure for enrolling in a 
Five College course is neither difficult 
or inconvenient. 

The program is set up to comple- 
ment and coordinate the academic de- 
partments of the Five Colleges. There 
is only one formal Five College De- 
partment: Astronomy. Therefore 
inter-disciplinary studies must be ar- 
ranged by cooperation between the 
schools and by student initiative. 

Currently, there are nearly twenty 
informal programs, dealing mostly in 
one of these areas: Geographical Area 



Studies, Black Studies, Urban Studies, 
and the Arts. The Coordinator's office 
also publishes Five College Faculty 
and course lists in other fields, in- 
forming the Five College Community 
of each other's departmental course 
offerings. To complement academic 
departments, in addition to the normal 
faculty exchange, there is a Five Col- 
lege Joint Faculty Appointments Pro- 
gram to attract distinguished and pro- 
minent persons to teach in the Five 
College Community. 

One of the earliest cooperative ef- 
forts still very much at the heart of the 
academic coordinating effort is the 
sharing of library resources. One of 
the first formal agreements between 
the schools was the creation of the 
Hamphsire Inter-Library Center 
(HILC) in 1951. The common reposi- 
tory provides for the cooperative use 
of rare and highly specialized books. 
While its use is primarily limited to 
faculty and graduate students, an 
Inter-Library Loan is available to un- 
dergraduate students. If a book cannot 
be found at the home library, the 




others will be consulted, and the ap- 
propriate book withdrawn. 

While academics lie at the crux of 
the program. Five College Coopera- 
tion provides other services, as well. 
The program probably has as many 
social and extracurricular activities as 
any small college. There is a monthly 
calendar, a newsletter and a radio sta- 
tion, WFCR, to coordinate social 
events. The five valley institutions 
cooperatively publish a journal of li- 
terature, the arts, and public affairs: 
The Massachusetts Review. And a lec- 
ture fund has been established for 
those five college groups in need of 
financial support to present Five Col- 
lege lectures or symposia. 

The principles of Five College arc 
structured to benefit all five schools. 
The hope is that this pooling of acade- 
mic and social resources will 
strengthen as well as broaden the edu- 
cational offerings and programs in the 
Pioneer Valley. A merger in the future 
is not foreseen, however. According to 
the Report of The Five College Long 
Planning Committee, "Despite their 



many similarities, each of the five in- 
stitutions has a concept of its indivi- 
dual role in education. Each has its 
own identity, each its own style." 

On a comparative basis. Five Col- 
lege Cooperation stands out as one of 
the better ones. Because it is one of the 
oldest academic cooperatives in the 
country and the first to include both 
private colleges and a state university, 
the Coordinator's office is constantly 
being asked to supply information to 
schools considering adopting some 
aspect of cooperative education. 

If the Five College Cooperation has 
been so successful in its endeavors, is 
there anything else possible? Of 
course, responds Ms. Jackie Pritzen 
the Associate Coordinator for Acade- 
mic Programs, HILC could be made to 
run more efficiently, slimming down 
the budget without cutting back on 
the services. And a more extensive and 
efficient Five College Bus System 
could be accomplished by providing 
the students with a more in-depth ser- 
vice such as more buses on nights and 
weekends. 



One of the more interesting new 
proposals is the idea of Residential 
Exchange. This would allow a student 
of one of the Five Colleges to spend a 
semester at a different school without 
losing matriculation at his or her ori- 
ginal college. Although it is still in the 
planning stages, it seems it will have 
potential success by the strong interest 
of the students. 

The possibilities of exchange 
between the Five Colleges seem limit- 
less. With each of the schools main- 
taining its individuality by encourag- 
ing its students to experience the var- 
ious approaches to education, the 
rewards and benefits appear endless 
for both the students and schools. The 
aim of cooperation is providng stu- 
dents with new and different exper- 
iences, which will hopefully encour- 
age more students to take advantage 
of the program. 



InlernaUonal Exckartge 




For someone who would like to ex- 
perience a foreign culture for a month, 
a summer, a semester, or an academic 
year and earn university credits at the 
same time, the people at the Interna- 
tional Programs Office are the people 
to speak with. They're the ones who 
coordinate the extensive "study 
abroad" program which has been in 
existence since 1970. The two major 
ways to go abroad (aside from student 
teaching in a foreign country, which is 
handled by the School of Education) 
are: directly through a program of- 
fered by the International Programs 
Office or by applying to foreign pro- 
gram offerings sponsored by other 
U.S. universities and then, after ac- 
ceptance, going through the proce- 
dures at the International Programs 
Office. The office can also help with 
obtaining passports, visas. Interna- 
tional Student Identity Cards, and low 
cost travel. The programs are general- 
ly for juniors and seniors, although in 



some cases sophomores have partici- 
pated. Participating students are ex- 
pected to take courses in the univer- 
sity associated with the program in 
each particular city. Advisors' appro- 
val should be obtained; in fact, pro- 
grams are often recommended by 
advisors. 

Most students choose one of the 
academic year programs, in places 
such as; Germany, France, Finland, 
England, Nigeria, Taiwan, Japan, 
Canada, Janaiza, and Scotland. Pro- 
grams are usually offered for the same 
country, although occasionally the 
specific cities are changed (for var- 
iety) . Very few students go abroad for 
just the fall semester, and only a little 
more go for just the spring semester. 
The January intersession program 
(which is the most recent addition — 
having begun in 1973) offers study in 
places like Brazil, the Canal Zone, 
Puerto Rico, Spain, and Europe. The 
programs offered during January are 



more of a mini-course nature; existing 
programs include broadcasting, inter- 
national business, and ski instruction. 
Most January intersession and 
summer programs are open to stu- 
dents from other universities, but the 
semester and academic year programs 
are limited to U.Mass. and Five Col- 
lege students. 

If a student gets prior approval of 
the courses he plans to take from his 
academic advisor, the Dean of his col- 
lege or school, and the Director of In- 
ternational Programs, he can usually 
get academic credit for his overseas 
studies. Students who want to study 
abroad should have an above average 
academic record, and the program 
should fit into his total academic pro- 
gram. 

Living arrangements differ depend- 
ing on the program. Some students 
have lived in hotels until they found 
more permanent residences, such as 
rooming houses or families. The stu- 




dents who live with families have a 
fascinating time trying to explain 
everyday things about U.S. culture, 
things which we all take for granted, 
in many cases students are on a meal 
plan at the University at which they're 
studying, although some do have 
cooking privileges. 

Often students will attend classes 
not with students of the country they 
are visiting, but rather with other for- 
eign students who are there through 
similar programs as the one offered by 
U.Mass. In this way they have a 
chance to be exposed to many diverse 
cultures as well as being in a foreign 
environment. The class structures 
differ with the programs. For example, 
students at Grenoble, France, have 
practical courses such as composition 
a|?d grammar (held in French) in the 
morning and courses in diverse areas 
like literature, art history, and political 
science in the afternoon. Often, how- 
ever, juniors and seniors feel that they 



have already had (at U. Mass) many of 
the literature courses which are of- 
fered. 

Students benefit by having an op- 
portunity to study a language and get 
practical use of it. They also finally 
get to experience the culture they have 
studied at U. Mass; they now come to 
understand that which they studied. 
An important part of the whole exper- 
ience is attitude. Students who are 
afraid to get out and speak for fear of 
demonstrating their non-fluency lose 
out since those who make a sincere 
effort to speak the language are aided 
by the natives. Naturally, command of 
the language improves more through 
everyday use than it would through 
attending classes at U. S. universities. 

It takes students a little time to get 
used to cultural differences such as a 
much slower pace of life, different eat- 
ing habits (such as dining later and 
eating different foods) different ex- 
tents of involvement in politics, dif- 



ferent transit systems, different forms 
of entertainment (students who were 
in Grenoble were surprised to find 
that dancing was banned within the 
city limits, although it was permitted 
on the campus just outside the city,) 
and different clothing (in many places, 
students dress more neatly than here 
in the U.S.) Some of the programs in- 
clude organized trips; both day trips 
and weekend trips are included. The 
semester programs often include a 
two-week vacation during which time 
the students can travel wherever they 
like. The fact is, most students who go 
abroad with the attitude that they tru- 
ly want to enjoy and learn, do just 
that. Very few complaints are made 
about the programs offered by the In- 
ternational Programs Office. 



GLoWl Survival 



One of the newer alternative learn- 
ing programs at UMass has been the 
Global Survival Freshman Year pro- 
gram. Since it began in 1973, 130 
freshmen have taken advantage of its 
one year educational experience de- 
signed to study future areas of con- 
cern: War, peace and world order; 
cross-cultural ^ communication and 
conflict; environmental deterioration 
and economic development; popula- 
tion; and resources and their distribu- 
tion. Director Steve Guild describes 
the goal of Global Studies as helping 
students become aware of thede issues, 
and gaining the skills in writing and 
speaking in order to deal with them. 
He sees the small class sizes, the close 
relationship between students and 
teachers, and the drawing together of 
freshmen with common intellectual 
concerns as being of major importance 
in achieving the program goals. 

Freshmen are exposed to the Global 
Studies Program during summer 
counseling. Selection of students is 
made on the basis of an application 
and interview, but it is more of a pro- 
cess of self -selection since the students 
who are accepted are generally those 
who continue to be interested. The 
program begins with a four week in- 
troductory lecture series which is at- 
tended by all students and staff. This 
is to provide a basis of information 
from which students can form their 
freshman year program. Then stu- 
dents participate in a variety of modu- 
lar courses, four to six weeks in 
length, which delve into particular 
aspect of global survival. Usually four 
module per semester are taken. They 
are taught by UMass faculty from 20 
different departments as well as fa- 
culty from other area colleges. Each 
modular course stresses the relation- 
ship of an academic field to the issues 
of global survival. Skill courses are 
taught as well to help students gain 
proficiency in writing, speaking, and 
using the computer and library. 

Each student also participates in an 
integrating seminar. This year-long 
component of the program synthe- 
sizes knowledge gained from the mo- 
dules and elsewhere and emphasizes 
the interconnectedness of Global Sur- 
vival issues. Participants in the Global 
Survival Program have the option of 



independent study and research or of 
becoming "apprentices" to faculty in 
research or action projects. They may 
also take one or two courses in the 
regular university since program 
courses only take up three-fifths of 
their time. 

The Global Survival Program is aca- 
demically demanding with many more 
questions than answers to the issues 
which are examined. It is therefore not 
a program suitable for all freshman. 
But the students who do complete it 
are rewarded with a strong grasp on 
the problems of world concern today. 

The program originally grew out of 
a 1972 grant from the U. S. Office of 
Education to promote international 
studies at selected American Colleges. 
A group of faculty from the Universi- 
ty's Area Studies Committee and the 
School of Education formed a plann- 
ing group to discuss and formulate the 
content of a program which would fo- 
cus on global survival. A Faculty Col- 
loquium was created by the planning 
group in the Fall of 1972 which con- 
sisted of 50 faculty members from 
over 15 different departments. The 
Colloquium members met once a week 
to discuss the content and implications 
of papers written by experts in various 
fields connected with global survival. 
At the end of the Colloquium, it was 
decided that a planning session should 
be set up in January of 1973 to discuss 
how the issues of Global Survival 
could best be presented to the stu- 
dents. During this planning session, 
several ideas were combined to sug- 
gest a program for freshmen. In the 
Spring of 1973, members of a core 
planning group met to mold various 
proposals into a definite working pro- 
gram structure. After several revisions 
of a document outlining the program, 
the Global Survival Program was ap- 
proved by the Academic Matters 
Committee of the Faculty Senate, and 
later by the entire Faculty Senate in 
May, 1973. 

Director Steve Guild hopes that the 
future of the program will be to con- 
tinue as it is, but on an expanded three 
to five year contract. He wants to keep 
providing what he considers to be one 
of the most exciting freshman-year 
educational experiences available in 
any institution of higher education. 



CoxxUmmiJ Eoitcatiort 




The Continuing Education Program 
is designed for those who, whether for 
personal or financial reasons, believe 
that the pursuit of education is not 
their prime concern. It is for them a 
part-time pursuit. Although degrees 
are granted through the program. 
Continuing Education at UMass 
should be considered more than a 
"night school'* or a "back door into 
the university," but a means for mak- 
ing the resources of the University of 
Massachusetss more available to the 
community. 

Since it began in 1970, the Cont. Ed. 
program's mandate has been to make 
the university resources available to 
persons who aren't working full time 
on a four-year degree and who aren't 
necessarily between the ages of 18-22. 
According to a Cont. Ed. brochure: 
"The Division believes that education 
is a life-long process, and in the past 
four years (it) has developed an exten- 
sive range of programs to meet the 
needs of individuals for whom a four- 
year, full-time academic program is 
unnecessary or undesirable." 



What "types" of people study part- 
time? The rationale for pursuing part- 
time education varies from person to 
person. 

"A lot of adults have a reason to 
continue their education," says Ms. 
Debbie Bernstein, their Director of 
Public Relations, "they have to look 
somewhere for job retraining." But 
there are others she mentions who 
sign up for courses "mostly for their 
own satisfaction." 

Some Cont Ed. students aren't full 
time studen^pecause they have full- 
time jobs and they usually enroll in 
courses of the Evening College. This 
branch of Cont. Ed., began in 1970 
with 40 courses. It°now has about 100 
courses, including everything from 
Accounting to Zoology. These are tra- 
ditional courses offered for academic 
credit. They are similar to, if not the 
same as those offered through the 
daytime university. If their schedule 
permits, Cont. Ed. students may enroll 
in regular day-time university courses. 
However, their admission is on a space 
available basis. 



Although enrollment in a Cont. Ed. 
course does not include matriculation 
as a UMass student, it is possible after 
taking enough Cont. Ed. courses and 
having a satisfactory cum, to ^arn a 
Bachelor's Degree within some speci- 
fic field. Cont. Ed. students are eligible 
for any undergraduate degree offered 
by the university. In addition, stu- 
dents in the program can create their 
own majors according to their own 
specifications and earn a Bachelor of 



General Studies (BGS) degree. 

The academic extension program is 
not limited to the Amherst area. 

"Cont. Ed.'s philosophy is that it 
exists to give access to the university 
to people through the Common- 
wealth," explained Ms. Berstein. 

Cont. Ed. will grant credit to those 
people who are pursuing their educa- 
tions but are not or can not be in this 
area. Credit is granted not only in es- 
tablished programs but also in inde- 
pendant study arrangements. Special 
arrangements have been made and 
programs developed to grant Bachelor 
of General Studies degrees in the 




fields of Law Enforcement, Fire 
Science Administration, National 
Sciences and Applied Administrative 
Sciences. 

In the past, credit has been granted 
for work done by someone who was 
working and living in Boston. (UMass 
at Boston does not have a Cont. Ed. 
Program.) If someone wanted to get 
credit for something — field work, re- 
search, or work done on the job, or 
some kind of experience and could ar- 
range with a professor for credit, it is 
possible through Continuing Educa- 
tion. People have been awarded credit 
for their work and experiences in 
Nantuchket, Martha's Vineyard and 
even Africa. 

The Cont. Ed. program has estab- 
lished an academic extension program 
in Springfield. In its fourth semester, 
it now offers 30 courses of broad and 
general interest. It partly concerns it- 
self with offering fields that demand a 
training in an urban atmosphere 
which could not be accomplished in 
the Amherst and surrounding areas 
. . . For instance, in Springfield a Le- 



gal Assistant Training Program trains 
people to aid lawyers. 

The future looks bright for Cont. 
Ed. It has the ability and mobility to 
organize and carry out new and inno- 
vative programs through another 
aspect of Cont. Ed. — the conference 
series. This branch includes not only 
conferences but workshops, lectures 
and symposiums. Although these 
"shorts" are not always given for cre- 
dit, they are ideal for persons inter- 
ested in concentrated information in a 
short time, rather than enrolling in a 
full semester course. 

Last year, Cont. Ed. ran over 270 
conferences that involved over 21,000 
conferencees. 

"We hope to add between 50-70 si- 
milar programs in the upcoming 
year." boasts Ms. Bernstein. 

Some examples currently in pro- 
gress are "Toward Tomorrow: A 
Symposium of Alternatives"; "Inte- 
gral Medicine for the Whole Self"; 
"Community Arts Leadership Work- 
shop Series" and "Project Self." 

With extensive programs like these. 



is there any possibility of becoming 
incorporated into the university? (The 
program is not state funded, so it re- 
lies totally on student's course and ac- 
tivities fees.) Jackie Posner, Director 
of Student Services seem receptive to 
the idea. 

"As Continuing Education and the 
idea of part-time education expands, 
the university will have to realize its 
obligations to serve part-time stu- 
dents." 

Whether this comes about or not, it 
shouldn't radically change the concept 
of Continuing Education. The mixture 
of the evening college, the academic 
extension, and the conference series, 
has made it possible for persons to 
pursue interests where it would not 
have been possible otherwise. Estab- 
lished to make education available not 
only to the young and educated, its 
mandate centers on the idea that peo- 
ple are never too old to learn. 



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Shirley Graham DuBois, writer, 
teacher, and widow of the late Dr. 
W.E.B. DuBois, came to the Univer- 
sity of Massachusetts in 1973 to re- 
ceive an honorary degree and returned 
in the spring of 1975 by invitation to 
teach creative writing in the W.E.B. 
DuBois Department of Afro- 
American Studies. Mrs. DuBois, a re- 
sident of Cairo, Egypt, recently visited 
the People's Republic of China, where 
as their guest, she celebrated with the 
Chinese Government and people, the 
25th anniversary of the republic. Prior 
to moving to Cairo, Mrs. DuBois and 
Dr. DuBois lived in Ghana, West 
Africa, where she was founder and 
first director of the national television 
network of that country. 

Mrs. DuBois has received fellow- 
ships from the Guggenheim Founda- 
tion for the study of drama at Yale 
University. She has studied West 
African languages at the African Insti- 
tute in Ghana, and Arabic at the 
American University in Cairo. 

While Dr. W.E.B. DuBois, original- 
ly a resident of Massachusetts, is re- 
membered internationally as the 
founder of modern black studies and 
the father of Pan-Africanism, Mrs. 
DuBois has been a serious student of 
the black experience since her child- 
hood days. Her master's thesis at 
Oberlin College, where she took a 
master's degree in 1935, was entitled 
"Survivals of Africanism in Modern 
Music". 

In her varied and distinguished car- 
eer, Mrs. DuBois has served as an 
educator; she has been the head of the 
Fine Arts department at Tennessee 
State College and a professor of Music 
at Morgan State College; in 1936-38 
she was director of the Negro Reper- 
tory of the Chicago Federal Theatre, 
she has worked as a field secretary for 
the NAACP and has served as the 
founding editor of Freedomways ma- 
gazine during the period 1960-1963, 
and as English editor of the Afro- 
Asian Writers Journal of Peking in 
1968. 

Her books have been translated into 
over forty languages and have won 
numerous awards. They include 
works on the lives of Paul Robeson, 
George Washington Carver, and Phyl- 
lis Wheatley for young readers. Her 
biography of Frederick Douglass, 
There Once Was A Slave, took the 
Messner-Lionel Judah Tachna Award 
for the best book combatting intoler- 



ance in America in 1947. It was trans- 
lated and published in Moscow and 
Peking in 1959 and a pocket-book edi- 
tion was put out by the United States 
Navy; in 1950 the work was set in 
braille by the United States Army. A 
memoir of the late Dr. DuBois she 
published, entitled His Day Is March- 
ing On, concerns their life and exper- 
iences together. 

Her other books include works on 
Benjamin Banneker, Pocohontas, 
Booker T. Washington, Gamel Abdel 
Nasser, and Julius K. Nyere. Her latest 
novel, Zulu Heart, which was pub- 
lished last year, describes the repres- 
sion and harassment of the black po- 
pulation of South Africa by the white 
minority population. The book tells 
about a white South African physician 
who, after receiving in a heart trans- 
plant, a heart from a black worker, is 
transformed from a racist into a liber- 
ation leader. 

This past spring, the course Mrs. 
DuBois taught in the W.E.B. DuBois 
Department was entitled "What is Li- 
terature?: Seminar in Creative Writ- 
ing", and examined and analyzed so- 
cial, cultural, political, and religious 
influences on the development of 
writing as a form of communication. 
A variety of Third World and Euro- 
pean sources traced the relation of the 
written word to social order and man's 
relation to man. 

According to Professor John Bracey, 
Jr., Chairman of the W.E.B. DuBois 
Department, her students had and will 
have "the opportunity to study under 
Mrs. DuBois. For them it is a chance 
to meet one of the great figures of 
contemporary history. Mrs. DuBois, 
with her husband, has been witness to 
and participant in some of the major 
developments which go to make up 
the contemporary black world. The 
University has been very fortunate." 

Besides the course she taught in the 
department named after her late hus- 
band, Mrs. DuBois offered two lec- 
tures in her role as Distinguished Vi- 
siting Lecturer in the W.E.B. DuBois 
Department of Afro-American Stu- 
dies at the University. 

The first lecture was entitled 
"W.E.B. DuBois, Father of Pan- 
Africanism"; Pan Africanism as a 
concept meaning simply "All Africa"; 
Pan Africanism embraces the collec- 
tive unity of African people through- 
out the world. She gave a historical 
background of DuBois' early educa- 



tional and political activity, speaking 
also of the DuBois-Booker T. Wa- 
shington controversy that developed 
over different ideologies of the two 
black educators on the question of 
black education. Mrs. DuBois related 
what went into the planning of the 
Pan African Conference and Con- 
gresses which DuBois helped organ- 
ize, exposing attempts made by the 
U.S. and British governments to stop 
the Congress from taking place. De- 
spite harassment, the Congress took 
place and was later followed by Con- 
gresses in Brussels, Lisbon, Portugal, 
and New York City, attended by black 
leaders from Europe, Africa, U.S., 
South America, and the West Indies. 

Her second lecture dealt with "The 
New China". Preceding this lecture 
was a short color film of the visit to 
China made by Dr. W.E.B. DuBois 
and Mrs. DuBois in 1959. The film 
documents a tour begun in the spring 
of 1959 after the celebration of Dr. 
DuBois's ninety-first birthday in Pek- 
ing. The Chinese made the film and it 
is part of the W.E.B. DuBois collection 
acquired by the University from Shir- 
ley DuBois. 

Presently Mrs. DuBois is plSnning a 
book on the women of China. Acting 
on Mao Tse-tung's statement, "Wo- 
men hold up half the sky", the women 
of China are moving from a life of 
incredible servitude under the old re- 
gime to partnership in revolutionizing 
their society. Mrs. DuBois interviewed 
women from many walks of life: Phy- 
sicians, "barefoot doctors", oil well 
workers, whose experiences, many of 
them remember and suffered the past, 
will be the center of the book. 

In recent years, Mrs. DuBois' rela- 
tion to the University of Massachu- 
setts has been a close one. In 1970, the 
newly created Department of Afro- 
American Studies was named after Dr. 
DuBois in honor of "his intellectual 
contribution to the Black World"; and 
in 1972, the University announced its 
acquisition of the "DuBois Papers", 
the correspondence, manuscripts, and 



addresses of Dr. DuBois during his 
long career; the first of three volumes 
of which have been published by the 
University Press. The general editor of 
the papers is Dr. Herbert Aptheker, a 
long time friend and associate of Dr. 
DuBois. In 1973, Mrs. DuBois was a 
guest of the University which con- 
ferred on her the degree, "Doctor of 
Humane Letters", for her contribution 
to world literature. 

"It is with extreme pleasure that I 
return to the United States to join the 
faculty of the University of Massa- 
chusetts", commented Mrs. DuBois 
upon arrival at the University. "The 
W.E.B. DuBois Department of Afro- 
American Studies here, with its fine 
faculty of men and women dedicated 
to truth and integrity is opening up 
new vistas of understanding, know- 
ledge, and inspiration to our youth. I 
shall endeavor to make some contribu- 
tion to this program, and look forward 
to meeting and working with the 
young people at the University." 

During the summer she traveled to 
Cairo, but will be back in the States 
this fall, to resume her teaching duties 
here and to teach a course in the Black 
Studies Department at Harvard Uni- 
versity. 



Dr. Charles D. Cox is trying to do 
what no person has ever done: grow 
the syphilis organism in the labora- 
tory. If he succeeds, this feat could 
lead to a syphilis vaccine and the curb- 
ing of the social disease which now 
afflicts us in epidemic proportions. 

The syphilis organism, a spirochete 
called Treponema pallidum, was first 
seen in 1905. Since then, textbooks 
have classified the organism as an an- 
aerobe, meaning it grows in the ab- 
sence of oxygen. 

After six months of reading "the 
evidence" in Washington, D. C. li- 
braries. Dr. Cox concluded the scien- 
tists used "poor logic" in classifying 
the spirochete as an anaerobe. 

The UMass microbiologist believes 
the spirochete uses oxygen in a respir- 
ation process involving oxidative 
phosphorylation. 

Too much oxygen, however, can 
kill the spirochete. So scientists who 
exposed the organism to the atmosh- 
pere, and its relatively high oxygen 
content, in effect killed the organism 
with oxygen. This might have mislead 
scientists to erroneously conclude that 
the spirochete is anaerobic. 

Dr. Cox, with Miriam K. Barber, 
has also been experimenting with sub- 
strates, or food, the organism requires 
to grow. Soon the pair will couple a 



precise amount of oxygen with the 
proper substrates and hopefully the 
spirochete will grow in the test tube. 

"We're now getting into the most 
exciting part of our research," says the 
soft-spoken scientist. "It's like a game 
of poker," he adds with a slight grin 
on his face. 

Dr. Cox says he's concerned about 
what is not known of syphilis. "We 
don't know if there is one type of or- 
ganism causing syphilis or more than 
one type." He also notes that the dis- 
ease appears to be changing since it 
first appeared in the early 16th cen- 
tury. "Syphilis is becoming more hid- 
den, harder to identify." 

Articles about his research have 
been published in the New York 
Times, Time Magazine, the Boston 
Globe and a host of other non- 
technical publications. With this great 
exposure there is a great deal of pres- 
sure on Dr. Cox to quickly grow the 
organism as many other researchers 
have begun their own efforts. The 
pharmaceutical firms are also keenly 
interested in Dr. Cox's experiments: 
packaging a syphilis preventing vac- 
cine would be big money. 

Dr. Cox was not always interested 
in syphilis. After receiving his PhD 
from the University of Illinois, he 
headed a microbiology lab in the Far 
East during WWII and became inter- 
ested in leptospira. He has taught at 
the Medical College of Va., Penn State 
and worked in the Office of Naval Re- 
search in Washington, D. C. Thirteen 
years ago he came to UMass to head 
the Dept. of Microbiology, which he 



did for ten years. 

Besides being the leading expert on 
syphilis. Dr. Cox is also involved with 
NASA as consultant for the Space 
Science Board, Exobiology Panel. He is 
now gearing for the Viking Space 
Flights. The purpose of those flights, 
he says, is to see if there's life on 
Mars. He and fellow scientists will 
soon be meeting to recommend to 
NASA what experiments should be 
run on the surface of Mars. 

If all that's not enough, the pipe and 
cigarette smoking professor has active 
ties with Congress. As Chairman of 
the Public Affairs Committee for the 
American Society of Microbiology, 
Dr. Cox helps line up expert scientific 
testimony before various Congres- 
sional Committees. 

Besides his research and consulting 
roles. Dr. Cox teaches a course here in 
immunology. He usually selects one or 
two undergraduates from that class to 
work with him on his research. "I 
don't believe in giving undergraduates 
Mickey Mouse problems to work on," 
he says. 

In what little spare time he has. Dr. 
Cox shoots, developes and prints his 
own color photographs. Some of his 
photographs line his small office in 
the Morrill Science Bldg. One striking 
photograph is of his son Charles who 
also works in microbiology as a 
professor at the University of Iowa 
Medical School. 

Plans for the future? "I think there 
will be enough work on syphilis to 
keep me going for the rest of my ac- 
tive life." 





He lectures his classes like an actor 
addressing an audience, crossing the 
"stage" with well plotted paces, and 
pausing, hesitating momentarily be- 
fore releasing another fact for the no- 
tebooks. "I have a hammy flair", he 
said, that makes the lecture go down 
easier. I've always loved acting, I've 
played almost all the classic, comic, 
Falstaffian fatmen roles." At a meet- 
ing of the faculty senate, when scan- 
dal in the School of Education was 
being discussed, he satirically sug- 
gested "bringing Leon Jaworski and 
Archibald Cox" to investigate the 
matter. 

In 1971, Howard Ziff was recruited 
by UMass to head the Journalistic 
Studies program. Prior to that, he had 
been teaching journalism at the Uni- 
versity of Illinois. He graduated from 
Amherst College in 1952, went on to 
graduate school at Columbia, earning 
a degree in Philosophy. In 1954, he 
went in the Army for two years. From 
1956 through 1958, he was a reporter 
with the news bureau of Chicago, 
which he calls "a legendary training 
ground for reporters, a sink or swim 
training ground." One of the legends 
he worked with was Mike Royko, 
now the author of "Boss", about Chi- 
cago Mayor Richard Daley, which 
mentions Howard in the dedication. 

For the next ten years, he was a ver- 
satility expert with the Chicago Daily 



News (except for a two year stint at 
the Columbia School of Journalism as 
a Ford Foundation Fellow) . During his 
stay at the News, he was a reporter, a 
rewriter, an assistant editor, night edi- 
tor and editorial writer. He also co- 
vered the Illinois State Capital and the 
U. S. Capitol. 

He'd like to see the Journalistic Stu- 
dies Program, which due to financial 
inadequacy is part of the English De- 
partment, gain autonomy, and expand 
the curriculum to include full-time 
courses in journalism history, produc- 
tion graphics journalism and law and 
editing. 

Since a journalism student also has 
to major in English, due to the double 
major requirement, he feels that stu- 
dent should use the English Depart- 
ment "towards the development of 
expression." To emphasize this, he 
opens a course catalogue to the Eng- 
lish Department's section, which 
houses more than thirty writing 
courses. Pointing to a typewriter, he 
says "The basic strength of a journa- 
lism student is writing." 

Even before he became an academi- 
cian, Howard had been teaching the 
art of journalism. "When I worked 
with the Daily News, people who 
needed instruction were assigned to 
work with me." 

Why did he depart from his estab- 
lished position as a practicing journa- 
list? "I worked pretty hard as a new- 
spaperman. I don't want to say I did 
everything, but I got tired of newspa- 
pering. Before I started teaching, I had 
the illusion that it was less demanding 
than newspapering — I was wrong." 

He's an afficionado of journalistic 
antiques (he loves perusing old maga- 
zines, observing production techni- 



ques) , an inveterate pipe smoker, and 
a birdwatcher: "I came to birdwatch- 
ing late in life, well, not too old, I'm 
only 46. Birdwatching is a challenge to 
make a quick identification, it's a test 
of memory and a lot of physical acti- 
vity, very much like reporting. It's my 
major hobby aside from intellectual 
pursuits." 

The Collegian — "The collegian is a 
good education for a Journalistic Stu- 
dies student, but it's not enough; a 
student needs professional criticism to 
help him improve." 

He believes that people interested in 
pursuing journalism as a vocation 
should major in it because "more than 
fifty percent of new jobs in journalism 
are being given to people with journa- 
lism degrees." 

His office, also the Journalistic Stu- 
dies Office, he calls "my city room." 
It does resemble a city room, with ty- 
pewriters and desks and scattered with 
newspapers. It is also, in effect, a li- 
brary of journalism and George Or- 
well, whom he sometimes teaches 
courses on. His door is usually open, 
and again like a city room, is fre- 
quented by journalists, albeit student 
journalists. 

Howard Ziff strides across campus, 
looking straight ahead, followed by an 
entourage listening to him expound or 
inveigh against topics worthy of jour- 
nalistic coverage; politics, govern- 
ment, etc. or the journalistic process 
perse-activity and trends of the print 
and electronic media. And they're 
walking fast to keep up with him, 
bending their necks upward to try to 
catch some eye contact with the beard- 
ed face on the bulky 6'2" frame, and 
Howard Ziff keeps on walking, look- 
ing straight ahead. 




She is the Pied Piper of UMass 
nursing students. 

Yet Assistant Professor of Zoology 
Barbara J. White has never slapped a 
clamp into a surgeon's hand, changed 
a day-old dressing, or even injected an 
antiobiotic into a patient's arm. She 
has been 100 per cent teacher since her 
graduation from Mt. Holyoke College 
in '39. 

Mrs. White first taught anatomy 
and physiology to nursing students 
here in '61 and has been doing so ever 
since. One of the few tenured teachers 
who does not have a PhD., she spends 
no time on research and all her time 
with her students. "I feel responsible 
that what my students don't learn is 
my fault," she says. In '71 she re- 
ceived the Distinguished Teacher's 
Award. 

But Mrs. White's dedication goes 
far beyond the Human Design text- 
book. In a field where professional de- 
tachment and unemotional observa- 
tion are often a strict dogma, Mrs. 
White is genuinely concerned with the 
welfare of each student. "Her interests 
transcend the books and go to each 
person," says laboratory teaching as- 
sistant Stephen E. Gray ('75). "Ever- 




yone feels it." In her first class each 
semester Mrs. White says her door is 
open to anyone with any type of prob- 
lem. On the blackboard she writes her 
home telephone number but asks that 
she not be called after midnight. 

"She's indescribable," says Bridget 
G. Amy ('75), also a laboratory teach- 
ing assistant. "My friends used to tell 
me 'Wait until you get Mrs. White!' 
and now I'm telling my younger 
friends, 'Wait until you get Mrs. 
White!' " 

Mrs. White is also a longstanding 
feminist. At Mt. Holyoke she studied 
under and later taught with many 
highly-respected women scientists in- 
cluding Elizabeth Adams, a famous 
endocrinologist. Mt. Holyoke is, Mrs. 
White says, the "heritage of women's 
education at its best." As women 
professors inspired her, Mrs. White 
hopes to inspire her women students. 
"Much of my interest with women," 
she says, "is that it shows them they 
can 'go on' with education." 

Mrs. White's sense of the pioneer is 
certainly captured too in her private 
life. When she and James were mar- 
ried in '42, they bought six acres of 
land in South Hadley and built their 



home. In their spacious backyard they 
planted 1,000 pine trees which today 
stand taller than 40 feet. As the pine 
needles drop to the ground, they form 
a thick, pristine carpet. 

When daughter Cindy (also a Mt. 
Holyoke graduate) married a few 
years ago, the Whites gave the new- 
lyweds some of their land and helped 
the young couple also build their 
home ... a log cabin. Now, Mr. and 
Mrs. White have their own log cabin 
in Vermont, three miles south of the 
Canadian border on a pond's shore: 
Thoreau would approve. "She has an 
enthusiasm for life," Gray says. 

For all her free-wheeling spirit, Mrs. 
White is nonetheless a demanding 
teacher. She lectures quickly ("There's 
a lot to cover") and frequently aug- 
ments class topics with laboratory to- 
pics. Her exams are comprehensive 
and fair. 

When Mrs. White retires, she would 
like to spend time around her home, 
something, she says, she "loves to 
do." She will certainly have left much 
at UMass. 

Gray suggests her epitaph: "Here 
lies B. J. White. She cared . . . Perhaps 
too much." 



There's five ounces of moon dust at 
the University of Massachusetts that 
is not only yielding tons of informa- 
tion about the origin of the universe, 
but is also helping one UMass scien- 
tist to unlock the long-sought secrets 
of the moon. 

Dr. Stephen E. Haggerty, a geolo- 
gist specializing in magnetic minera- 
logy at UMass, is one of 90 scientists 
in the world selected by the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration 
(NASA) to analyze the lunar samples 
brought to earth by America's first 
series of landing missions which be- 
gan in 1969. 

As a result of his research efforts, 
Haggerty was co-discoverer of two 
new minerals, armalcolite and chro- 
miumulvospinel, found in the samples 
returned by Apollo 11. Dr. Haggerty 
named one of the new minerals "ar- 
malocolite" after the Apollo 11 crew, 
Armstrong, Aldrin, and Collins, who 
first made the successful journey to 
the lunar surface. 

Primarily interested in the examina- 
tion of the iron-titanium-chromium 
oxides. Dr. Haggerty has found that 
while these minerals are a minor com- 



ponent of lunar material, they are im- 
portant because they may help deter- 
mine the moon's magnetic properties 
and the nature of the early crystalliza- 
tion behavior of lunar magmas. 

Another important mineral which 
Dr. Haggerty says is greatly expand- 
ing man's knowledge of the moon is 
the famous "orange soil" that caused 
so much excitement during the last 
Apollo mission. He has a small quan- 
tity of the soil in his possession and 
just recently wrote a paper on the sub- 
ject. 

The orange soil may help geologists 
determine whether the moon's craters 
result from volcanic or meteoric acti- 
vity. 

"Strangely enough, a substance si- 
milar to the composition and shape of 
the orange soil appears in two places 
on earth, in Italy and Hawaii, both 
sites of recent volcanic activity." 

While this fact would seem to sup- 
port the vulcanism theory, the orange 
soil, according to Dr. Haggerty, could 
have been caused by high-speed me- 
teroic impact. 

"The lunar explorers," Dr. Hag- 
gerty explains, "found a substantial 




quantity of the orange glass spheres 
lining the floor of the moon's craters 
but found no large meteorite frag- 
ments." 

Dr. Haggerty believes that the me- 
teorite probably vaporizes when it hits 
the lunar surface, resulting in the gen- 
eration of intense heat which melts the 
soil and rock. The low surface temper- 
ature on the moon rapidly cools the 
material forming the glass spheres. He 
says a technique must be found that 
will enable geologists to distinguish a 
primary magma, generated from 
within the moon's crust from a secon- 
dary molten material generated at the 
surface from hypervelocity meteoric 
impact. Then scientists can determine 
whether a crater is volcanic or me- 
teoric in origin. 

Dr. Haggerty is also accumulating 
data revealing the approximate age of 
the lunar samples. Geologists set the 
exposure age, which is the length of 
time that a sample has occupied a site 
on the surface, at 30 million years. 
The approximate absolute age, which 
is the actual date when the mineral 
was first formed, is something in the 
order of 3.6 to 3.7 billion years. 

Assisting Dr. Haggerty in his quest 
for information is a new, fully auto- 
mated electron microprobe. The mi- 
croprobe, which was first developed in 
France in 1955 by a doctoral student, 
can quickly analyze rocks and miner- 
als with a remarkable degree of accur- 
acy. The $160,000 device can com- 
plete a chemical analysis of any min- 
eral sample in three minutes. A 
$90,000 research grant from the Na- 
tional Science Foundation helped to 
purchase the hardware. The remaining 
$70,000 was provided by the Univer- 
sity of Massachusetts, according to 
Dr. Haggerty. 

In 1972, Dr. Haggerty was given 
the opportunity to gain information 
from samples returned by the Soviet 
Union's Luna 20 lander when he was 
invited to participate in the US-Soviet 
Academy of Science exchange pro- 
gram. Lunar samples returned by the 
Apollo missions were exchanged for 
samples returned by the unmanned 
Soviet craft which landed in an area 
never explored by American astron- 
auts. 

The Luna 20 sample is important to 
American scientists because a com- 
parison of U.S. and Soviet samples 
will dictate the degree to which they 



will be able to generalize about the 
composition of the moon. 

Dr. Haggerty however, expresses 
concern over the lack of communica- 
tion between Russian and American 
scientists calling it a "great tragedy". 
Haggerty has never exchanged infor- 
mation with a Soviet scientist but does 
desire to meet with his counterpart in 
the Soviet Union. 

"I would like to see what they're 
finding out about their samples and 
furthermore, I would like to find out 
what they're doing with the samples 
we gave to them. It is probable that 
the Russians are discovering some 
crucial information that we would 
find very interesting." 

Dr. Haggerty's hunt for knowledge 
about the universe is about to extend 
beyond the earth and her moon. With 
his eyes toward the early 1980's, Hag- 
gerty eagerly awaits the successful 
completion of an unmanned mission 
to Mars set to return with a sample of 
Martian soil. Haggerty serves on an 
advisory committee called the Lunar 
Samplex Analysis Planning Team 
which is now beginning to map out a 
plan for the Mars probe in addition to 
its usual job of organizing the research 
efforts of the lunar material. 

The team, an agency of NASA, is 
presently concerned with the levels of 
contamination returned by the 
sample-carrying vehicle. Exobiologists 
feel there is the potential for life on 
Mars and furthermore believe, accord- 
ing to Dr. Haggerty, that Mars may 
once have had an atmosphere rather 
similar to earth. Biologists have no 
idea what the organisms might look 
like if they indeed exist but scientists 
do fear a potential danger. Dr. Hag- 
gerty assures the public extensive 
measures will be taken to guarantee 
the safety of earthlings. 

A native of Germiston, South Afri- 
ca, Dr. Haggerty grew up in a gold 
mining environment and attributes it 
as his source of interest in geology. At 
the age of 19, he left South Africa be- 
cause of political dissatisfaction and 
emigrated to Canada where he worked 
in the Northern Canadian bush as a 
geological assistant. 

Dr. Haggerty began his formal geo- 
logical career in 1961 and 1964 took a 
degree in Economic Geology from the 
College of Science and Technology, 
University of London. In 1968 he took 
a second degree, also from the Univer- 




sity of London. His PhD thesis, "The 
Fe-Ti Oxides in Icelandic basic rocks 
and their significance in rock magne- 
tism," gave him an excellent back- 
ground for the study of these minerals 
as found in rocks from the lunar sur- 
face. 

Dr. Haggerty first became involved 
in the Lunar Sample Analysis Program 
while on a Carnegie fellowship at the 
Carnegie Institute in Washington 
D.C.. It was during that period that 
the first samples arrived from the 
Apollo 11 mission. Interestingly en- 
ough, Haggerty's research work in 
London had a direct bearing on the 
types of minerals returned by the first 
Apollo mission. Haggerty was chosen 
by NASA to take part in the program 
on the basis of this experience. 

The only geologist ever to walk on 
the lunej surface was Jack Schmitt, a 
member of the Apollo 17 crew. Dr. 
Haggerty says it is tragic that NASA 
waited until the last mission to send an 
experienced geologist. 

"More detailed documentation of 
what the samples actually looked like 
on the moon was accumulated by 
Schmitt than by all the other missions 
combined". 

If he were selected for a trip to the 
moon. Dr. Haggerty would choose the 
far side as his first choice of landing 
sites. 



"I would go to either of two places: 
I would choose to go to someplace we 
haven't landed and that would be the 
reverse side of the moon or alternati- 
vely to go back to the Apollo 15 site, 
which, from my point of view, is per- 
haps the most exciting site that we've 
really had a close look at." 






Samuel Bowles 



Herbert Gintis 

It's no longer uncommon to find 
economics classes that deviate from 
the usual neoclassical economic 
theory. It's also possible to enroll in 
classes that have the "radical" ap- 
Stephen Resnick proach. The term "radical" in this case 

refers not just to a desire to change 
some aspects of the economy (because 
that can be done within the present 
capitalistic system); but rather to a 
philosophy that is in discord with con- 
ventional economics (which accepts 
the status quo of the capitalistic sys- 
tem.) 

The economics department is now 
felt to be one of the most interesting 
and exciting departments on campus; 
one whose strength lies in the balance 
between the solid neoclassical ("radi- 
cal") contingent. 

UMass is fairly unique in this re- 
spect; what other schools talk about 
actually exists here. The diversity of 
the department has come about 
through a change in the composition 
of the faculty. No longer is it the case 
that students have seen the same fa- 
culty for years and years; somewhere 
between one third and one half the 
faculty members are new. In fact, two 
Michael Best neoclassical professors have just been 



hired by the department; one is a 
mathematical economist and the other 
a microeconomist. 

One of the original "radical" 
members of the department is Profes- 
sor Michael Best, (who came here in 
1969.) This year, a controversy arose 
over granting him tenure, but it was 
finally granted. Another member of 
the non-traditional group is Professor 
Stephen Resnick who began here in 
the 1973-74 academic year after teach- 
ing at the City College of N.Y. for two 
years and Yale University for eight 
years before that. Professor Resnick 
says that it was the possibility of ac- 
complishing the present balance that 
attracted him to UMass. 

Professors Herbert Cintis and Sa- 
muel Bowles both joined the UMass 
faculty in the fall 1974 term after hav- 
ing taught at Harvard University. Dr. 
Bowles, who does a lot of research on 
education, was an Associate Professor 
at Harvard for nine years, but left be- 
cause he wanted to work with people 
with viewpoints similar to his own. He 
has said, "I was tired of being a token 
radical." Many of the "radicals" came 
here at the same time and knew each 
other beforehand; they were attracted 
to UMass. because the administration 
was committed to both diversity and 
education. 

When questioned about the strong 
points of the department. Dr. Bowles 
mentioned five. The first is that the 
department excels in economic history 
and Marxian political economy, is 
strong in history of thought, labor, 
and international economics, and al- 
lows both undergraduate and graduate 
students to get a good education. An 
unusual amount of good teachers is 
the department's second strength. Its 
near uniqueness in diversity is another 
distinguishing feature. He feels that 
"Economics is in a state of flux" due 
to the current economic crisis and that 
students deserve the right to study 
different theories which they can then 
evaluate and decide upon for them- 
selves. After all, a "correct" approach 
may not exist. A fourth attribute cited 
is the quality of the graduate students 
(in terms of their background, the 
amount of work they are willing to do, 
and their seriousness) . Dr. Bowles said 
the fifth strength is that the depart- 
ment is strong in the macroeconomic 
fields. 

Dr. Bowles also feels some areas 



need strengthening. These include 
giving more serious attention to the 
development of more diversity in the 
undergraduate curriculum ridding the 
department of inactive (as far as 
teaching research) faculty members, 
and more strongly developing possibi- 
lities for research. 

Dr. Resnick feels one relative weak- 
ness lies in the need for faculty in re- 
gional economics, industrial organiza- 
tion, and money and banking, as well 
as the need for women. He also feels 
that there is a serious departmental 
problem as far as the introductory 
courses (Economics 100, 103, and 
104) ; they are too large to offer a fair 
educational experience. The large size 
is partially due to the School of Busi- 
ness Administration's requirement of 
Economics 103 and 104. Dr. Resnick 
would also like to see the department 
give more attention to the economic 
majors; there should be more group 
endeavors by which undergrads could 
get to know faculty members and 
other economics majors. 

Enrollments in economics courses 
have increased. This is attributed both 
to the ongoing problems of the present 
capitalist system and to the attraction 
students have for an interdisciplinary 
system (such as Marxism). Non ma- 
jors are enrolling in economics 
courses and more students are major- 
ing in economics (since the depart- 
ment isn't as narrow.) Dr. Resnick 
sees the department as being under- 
staffed if the present trend continues; 
it would not be able to properly han- 
dle all the students. 

Dr. Bowles says that microeconomic 
theory is an important background (a 
partial tool) and it is therefore impor- 
tant that neoclassical economics is 
taught well. The Marxist courses pro- 
vide the historical and institutional 
framework within which economics 
developed. According to him, tools 
such as math are limiting and must be 



kept up with since they become obso- 
lete. Most people coming through 
economic programs are technocratic as 
far as Dr. Bowles is concerned. On the 
other hand, the Marxist approach stu- 
dies both the technical aspect and the 
human relations aspect. 

The "radical" view deals with hu- 
man nature and how people become 
the way they are technology industrial 
structures the relationship between 
political and economic systems, a dyn- 
amic analysis and making a funda- 
mental change in the structure of the 
economy. 

Dr. Resnick offered a smiliar ex- 
planation for the "radical" approach; 
he sees it as asking questions about 
the economy in terms of the roles of 
institutions, the role of history in the 
development of the economy, the rela- 
tion between affluence and poverty, 
and the history of thought. 

A positive suggestion offered by 
Dr. Resnick deals with Undergraduate 
feedback. He'd like to have better in- 
formation than that which appears on 
the evaluation sheets, information 
such as what the economic majors 
think about the existing program and 
what changes they'd like to see made. 

Department members feel the de- 
partment is committed to quality 
teaching and research and, for the 
most part, won't divide along political 
lines. The conflicts over what the de- 
finition of economic is and what it 
ought to be make for interesting intra- 
departmental debates. 



igm 








Playtime is over, 


/ will live 




in the Present, 




in the Past, 

and in the Future. 


The 


The spirit 


Good 


of all three 




shall strive 


People 


within me. 




I will not 


of 


shut out 
the lessons 


These 


that they teach. 


Colonies 



^^l^X-^^t^V^X^^t^^ 




it's time for some real world. 



Far away 
in the sunshine 
are my highest 
aspirations. 
I may not 
reach them, 
but I can look up 
and see 
their beauty, 
believe in them, 
and try to follow 
where they lead. 



Entre los hombres, 

como entre las naciones, 

el respeto al derecho 

ajeno es la paz. 



We are all travelers in 

the wilderness of this world, 

and the best that we find 

in our travels 

is an honest friend. 




/ returned and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, 

nor the battle to the strong, 

neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, 

nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to them all. 




mr^^ 




Wisking out like a jetted leaf, I am ready for a new autumn, 

where my roots will be gone into the sea, 

ready to be replaced by a blossoming tide of flurrying moments, 

I wait at the harbor to see a new boat come in, that brings a new crew, 

of existence that I am ready to sail . 





When your situation 

becomes obvious, 

it is much too late to act 



Madness is 

the first sign 

of dandruff. 






They affect you. They make you . . 

"Who are these people?" you say. 

They are you. 

. . . Maybe just a small part, 

but that's what things are made of 

Who are you? 



You are a 

different person with 

each new 

person you meet. 



you. 



pieces. 




96 




Sometimes being 

a little human means 

more than owning the world's treasure. 



people dream 

of the future 

and recall the past. 





To be influential 
is to survive . . . 
To survive is to be 
Independent. 




That's the way God planned it 
That's the way God wants it to be 
The way to do is to be. 





If I had a tale that I could tell you 
I'd tell a tale sure to make you smile 
If I had a wish that I could wish for you 
I'd make a wish for sunshine all the while. 

John Denver 





Cruickshank, 
Ann 

sociol 




Cummings, 
Kenneth 

forest 




Cummings, 

Margaret 

educ 


S^^w' 


IpK:^^; 


Curran, Charles 
mktg 


^Kv '^-'ilB 


Curran, Susan 
sociol 


V'^^^^^nA 


Cushing, Randall 


"^lJM 


an so 


Dale. Elise 
comstu 




Dale. Joan 


w^ 4 


educ 


A^y'A 


Dalessandro, 


J9 ^m 


Anne 
humnut 


£-m. 




I don't know 



Where Fm going, 
But I'm on my way 



although you may 

never be wrong, 

I'm ALWAYS right. 





Sacred cows 

make the best 

hamburger. 




Everything was beautiful 
. . . nothing hurt. 



Doe, Marianne 
englhr 



Doherty, Adian 
socio! 



1^ d 



Donovan, David 

Donovan, 

Martha 
sociol 

Dopp, James 





Her tolerance is her strength, 

But in her strength is a softness 

Which makes her beautiful 





Crossing the uplands of time, skirting the borders of night, 



scaling the face of the peak of dreams, we enter the regions of light 
and hastening on with eager intent, arrive at the rainbows end, 
and there uncover the pot of gold buried in the heart of a friend . . . 





Love makes 



Life beautiful. 



You ve gotta 



Have heart. 





What was in 
those brownies? 

Better, yet, 
the gingerbread? 



i< 



The truest lie 

is youth 
remembered. 





Each of us is in truth an idea . . 
An unlimited idea of freedom. 



Richard Bach 





Happiness is beneficial for the body, 

But it is grief that develops the powers of the mind. 

Marcel Proust 




111 




Are you doing 
the right thing 
or just doing 
the thing right? 



Happiness is a 
well-rounded . 





The art of ''being' is facing the fact that 

your biggest task is not to get ahead of others, 

but to surpass yourself 





Lungu, Dean 
m&ae 



Lunt, Richard 



Lydon, Joseph 
mgt 

Lyko, Darlene 

Lyle, Barry 
Is&s 


M 


5K~t Z ^ ~ " ~ . 


Lynn, Richard 
polsci 

Lyon. Richard 
bdic 

Lyons, Kevin 
polsci 





/ would like to spend the whole of my life traveling, 

if anywhere I could borrow another life 

to live at home. 





Murphy, Joann 
educ 



Mucciarone, 

David 

pe 

Mucha, Alan 
hrta 

Muir, Maura 
sociol 


^^ n^n 


W 


M 




/ have gone to Witless. IfFm not back by 5:15, 

start collecting bail; I have probably killed someone 

in the Financial Aid Office. 





The sun is filled with shining light, it blazes far and wide 

The moon reflects the sunlight back, but has no light inside. 

I think I'd rather be the sun, that shines so bold and bright 

Than be the moon, that only glows with someone else's light. 

Elaine Laron 





127 




The man who never alters his 

opinion 

is like standing water, 

and breeds reptiles of the mind, 



BUMMER! 




Sanderson, Craig 
mktg 



^^F 

^ 



^ih 



Santoro, Michael 
mktg 

Santos, Teresa 
bdic 

Sarkis, 

Annmarie 

comstu 






Nothing in education 

is so astonishing 

as the amount 

c^f ignorance 

it accumulates 

in the form 

of inert facts. 



Thank God 

I am out?? 

of this place. 





Stewert, John 
educ 



Stewert, Mary 
nurse 



St. Jean, Holly 
comstu 







Stone. Ida 
fish 



Straiten, Edward 
envdes 



Strandberg, Ann 
Is&s 




Sulaimana, 
Rajab 
m&ae 

Sullaway, Ellen 
bdic 



Without hope 
there is 
no life 





Sullivan, Mary 




Sullivan, Spencer 
fdsci 

Sulmonetti, 
Lynne 
humdev 

Surette, 
Catherine 




V"^ 




Swed, Leo 



Sweeney, Paul 
hist 

Swiatlowski, 
Gary 
envdes 




Syrek, Deborah 
medtec 

Szczepanek, John 
medtec 

Szematowicz, 

Thomas 

acctg 




St. John, Jordan 



Beverly 
mktg 



Stone, Donna 





AN, 









.1^ 




Normund 
clsics 


Vffii 


Streeter, Judith 
hrta 


HHP ^ iicv' kK 


Strock, Bruce 
mktg 


^3ril 


"?,a«:i*»^B['" ' 


09 


' ts^- ^ 


pvrr^^H 


■^ 


^^^£^ 


M / . 


fll^i 



Criticize by creation, 



not by finding fault. 



Sullivan, Patricia 
pe 

Sullivan, Robert 





Sutherland, 
Sonia 
nurse 

Sutton, Robert 



Swartz, Steven 
acctg 






Swiencicki, 
Teresa 
nurse 

Sylvester, Scott 
forest 

Sylwestrzak, 
Linda 
humdev 





Szych, William 
polsci 



Tager, Laurie 
comstu 



Tagliavini, Carol 
humdev_ 





^^■2»fdV^ 


^HH^ f!^^^^^ 


^^^Kk ■ A W 


^^1 <_-_v ^1 


KiL 




^H^^l 


Tavares, Beverly 


^^L^^^l 


educ 


^Miff> ^^^^ 


Tavella, Patricia 


M *«^ ^H 


bfa 










^^B^^^^H 


Tay, Deborah 


^■y^H 


educ 



Talbot, Arthur 
m&ae 

Tamulevich, 
Nancy 
pub hi 






Terban, Howard 
pe 

Tetreault, Elaine 
comstu 



The world will little note 

nor long remember what we say here, 

hut it can never forget what they did here. 




Theroux, 
Lorraine 



Therriault, Susan 
educ 




Thompson Scott 
gb fin 



Thorne Edward 
chem 



Tiberi John 
psych 




S 


■ 




k'-% 


B 


i 


M 


il 






^B "^ ^3^^P 


Waldron, 

Cynthia 

bdic 

Wales, Donald 
forest 

Walk, Ann 
hec 


w 
\ 


alldce, Stephen 
psych 

Valler, Patrick 
envdes 


s. 















Walkwitz, Gary 
envdes 

Wall, Nancy 
anth 



Break the chains 
of your thought 
and you break 
the chains 
of your body . . . 



While there is a lower class I am of it 
While there is a criminal class I am of it 
While there is a soul in prison I am not free 






Too busy to stop and notice the things that are real 

embarrassed to talk about all the things that I feel 

It's so strange, never noticed the world all around me. 





^ . jF^O^j 


Whitehead, 
Walter 
psych 

Whitney, Mark 
narest 

Wiacek, Brian 
hrta 


Wiley, David 
narest 

Wilfand, Wayne 
acctg 

Wilkey, Darleen 
educ 


'^ 






Williams, Laura 
bfa 

Williams, Lois 
educ 

Williams. 

Marilyn 

acctg 



Williams, 

Christopher 

engl 

Williams, 
Dayann 
envdes 

Williams, Elissa 






Kowetz, Bradley 



Abelman, Mark 
Abraham, Gladys 
Abramson, Janice 
Achenbach, Eric 
Acton, Barbara 
Adair, Judith 



Ada! 



Adams. Duane 

Adams, Gregory 

Adams, Marian 

Adelson, Bruce 

Adelson. Michael 

Adie. Joanne 

Adier, Eve 

Adriano, Charles 

Ahlhauser. William 

Ajemian, Andre , 

Alberts. Margaret 

Albrecht, Warren 

Alekna, Jean 

Aiessandrini, Patricia 

Alexanian, Nubar 

Allain, Michael 

Allan, Paul 

Allard. Raymond 

Allen, Arthur 

Allen, Beverly 

Allen. Christopher 

Allen, D. 

Allen, Timothy 

Allen. William 

Almeida. John 

Alpert, Laurie 

Alston, Ann 

Amato. Robert 

Ambler. Debbie 

Ambrose. Stephen 

Ames, Anita 

Ames. John 

Ames. Richard 

Anaslas. Charles 

Andermann, Stanley 

Anderson. Debra 

Anderson, Donald 

Anderson. Jeffrey 

Anderson. Linda 

Anderson. Sharon 

Anderson. Theodore 

Anderson. William 

Andrci-s, Donna 

Andrews. Jane 

Antoniou. Demctrio 

Anioon. Fred 

Anusavicc. Gary 

Apfclbaum, Claudia 

Apgar, James 

Apkin. Joan 

Arce. Michael 

Arlow, Douglas 

Armata. John 

Armaia. Kristin 

Armato. Paul 

Armstrong, Bradford 

Armstrong, Lola 

Armstrong. Thomas 

Arnotl. Mary 

Arnow. Peter 

Arvidson. Nordahl 

Ashbrook. Susan 

Aihcrton. Lewis ^^. ,. 



Atherton, Timothy 
Atkins, Peter 
Atkinson, Joan 
Atwater, Janet 
Atwood, Kristine 
Atwood, Susan 
Audette, Roland 
Auger. James 
Aulenback. Luanne 
Avallone, Ronald 
Avery, Lynn 
Avor, Samuel 
Award. Richard 
Ayotte, David 
Babbin, Edward 
Babineau. Allan 
Bacheiti, Richard 
Bader. Stephan 
Bagge, John 
Bagley, Paul 
Bailey, Patricia 
Baker, Bruce 
Baker, Cheryl 
Baker. Elizabeth 
Baker. James 
Baker. Judith 
Baker, Philip 
Baldassarre, Rita 
Bailer, Maria 
Ballew. Mary 
Baltier. Terese 
Bamford, Arthur 
Bamford, Heather 
Bane, Rosemary 
Barabe, Timothy 
Barbanel, Steven 
Barber. Brian 
Barbo, Albert 
Barden. Dorothy 
Barenboim, Susan 
Barker, Gcorgeann 
Baron, Joseph 
Barowsky, Cynthia 
Barrett, Margaret 
Barrett, William 
Barry, Jane 
Barshov, Cynthia 
Barthelmes.John 
Basile, Joan 
Bassett, Timothy 
Batchelder, Ann 
Bates. Anne 
Bates. Peter 
Bauer. Leo 
Bauman. Marc 
Baybutt. Philip 
Bayer, John 
Bcattic. Joan 
Bcaucage, Marilynn 
Bcaucher, Nanette 
Beaudin, Edward 
Bcaudoin.Gary 
Beauregard, John 
Becker, Kenneth 
Bcddoc, David 
Bedell. Wayne 
Bee be. Nicole 
Bcggelman. Elaine 
Beta nd. Thomas 
Bclckcwicz, Edmund 



Bell. Randolph 
Bell, Warren 
Bellak, Barbara 
Bellisario, Janet 
Bellows, Geoffrey 
Belsky, Harold 
Betsky, Robert 
Belton, Edmund 
Bembcn, Kathleen 
Benjamin. Renate 
Bennetatder. Grant 
Bennett, David 
Bennett, Gail 
Bennett, Mark 
Bento. Mark 
Berehulka, George 
Berg, Charon 
Berger, Calhryn 
Bergeron, Susan 
Bergevin, Roberta 
Bergman, Janis 
Berman. Gail 
Berman, Joseph 
Bernard, Mary 
Bernstein, Mary 
Bernstein, Richard 
Berube, David 
Betz, Mark 
Bibbo, Robert 
Bichan. Victoria 
Bickerton, Scott 
Bicknell, Susan 
Bilanow, Stephen 
Billings, Barbara 
Binette, William 
Binkoski, John 
Birch. Alison 
Birkett. Robert 
Bisaillon, Michele 
Bisbee, John 
Bisi, Celeste 
Bissex. Walter 
Blachowski, Diane 
Black. Donald 
Black. John 
Blair, Carol 
Blair, James 
Blair, Raymond 
Blaisdell, Gilbert 
Blaisdell, Richard 
Blake. Peter 
Blakeney, Barbara 
Blank. Pamela 
Blasko. Donna 
Blatt, Bernic 



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Blitzer, Dorothy 
Bloch.Gail 
Blonder. Marcia 
Bloom. David 
Bloom, Kenneth 
Blouin. Maureen 
Bluhm.Jerald 
Blunt. Elizabeth 
Bobzin, Marcia 
Boccardy, Steven 
Bocon. Mary 
Bogdanovich. Karen 
Boiardi. Rande 
Boilard. George 



Boisselle, Edward 
Bolton, Joanne 
Bolton, John 
Bombicino, James 
Bond, Gary 
Bonfitto, Vincent 
Booker. David 
Booker, Leonard 
Booton, Beverly 
Bordeleau, Normand 
Borderud. Jon 
Borge, Peter 
Boroy. Nancy 
Bortman, Stephen 
Borucki. Chester 
Bostwick, Pamela 
Bosyk. Annmarie 
Boucher, Larry 
Boudreau, Russell 
Bourcier, Denis 
Bourdeau. Eleanor 
Bouret, Anthony 
Bourke, Nicholas 
Bourque, John 
Bova, Linda 
Bove. Jonathan 
Bove, Richard 
Bowe, John 
Bowen, Bruce 
Bowen, Virginia 
Bowler, James 
Bowler, Joan 
Bowler, Ruth 
Bowman, M Owen 
Boze, Theodore 
Brackelt, James 
Bradley, Susan 

in, Frederick 

n. Philip 

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nan, Deborah 



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Iriggs, Barry 
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iroderick, Stephen 
trodeur, Thomas 

trookcr, Nancy 
(rooks, Elizabeth 
Irooks, Peter 
Irooks, Robert 

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trothcrs. Kevin 
trouillet, William 
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Browne, Michael 
Brulotte, Robert 
Brunt, Deborah 
Bryon, Connie 
Buchanan. James 
Buck. Cecily 
Buckawicki, Mary 
Buckhout, Terry 
Buckley. Jean 
Buckley, Winifred 
Budgar, Stephanie 
Bunn, Joanne 
Burack. Warren 
Burak, William 
Burdick, Gretchen 
Burgess, Robert 
Burke, Edmund 
Burke, James 
Burke, Robert 
Burnham. Linda 
Burns. Debra 
Burns. Thomas 
Burrows, George 
Busbin, John 
Buscemi. Marianne 
Bush, Brenda 
Bushee, John 
Butler, Sally 
Butterfieid, Charles 
Butterfield, David 
Butts, Mark 
Byrne, Deborah 
Byrne. Terence 
Cahill.Ann 
Cahill. Jacqueline 
Cahill, Kathleen 
Caires, Nina 
Call, James 
Callaghan. James 
Callahan, Frank 
Callahan, Mary 
Callahan. Michael 
Callahan. Patrick 
Callahan, Sharon 
Callery, Richard 
Camacho. Arthur 
Cameron, Ronald 
Campbell, Dennis 
Campelia, Nancy 
Campenclla. Lois 
Canata. Donna 
Cann, Elysc 
Caranci. John 
Cardano, John 
Cardinal, Milca 
Cardullo. Carol 
Carhart. John 
Carlelon, David 
Carlevale. Janet 
I Carlson, Robert 
I Carmichael, C Todd 
Carmody, Dennis 
I Carnazza, Mary 
Caron, Charles 
Carpino. Donald 
Carpman, Lawrence 
Carr. Jonathan 
Carr. Richard 
Carr, Theresa 
Carreiro, Frederick 



Carroll, Barbara 
Carol!, John 
Carter, Jane 
Carter. June 
Caruso, Nancy 
Casey, Lawrence 
Cashman, Robin 
Cataldo, Gerard 
Catanzano, Franics 
Cavalicri, Cathleen 
Cavanaugh, Katharine 
Cavanaugh, Linda 
Cavanaugh. Philip 
Cebula, James 
Cclla, Robert 
Cerasuolo, Mark 
Cerniawski, Joseph 
Cerrone, Janice 
Cesan, Eric 
Cesary, Paul 
Chadwick. Harold 
Chaffee, Spencer 
Chamberlain, Suzanne 
Chambers, Pamela 
Chan. Jack 

Charbonneau, Calhryn 
Chaslain, David 
Checkoway, Karen 
Chcnevert, Jeannine 
Chevalier, Kathryn 
Cheyette, Shlomit 
Chiamis. Danny 
Chiaravalle, John 
Childs.Gary 
Chiriboga, Richard 



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Christian, Margaret 
Christie. Donald 
Chromow, Deborah 
Chute. Gregory 
Ciavola, Robert 
Ciazza.Nikki 
Cipriani, Anthony 
Citron. N^ark 
Civello, John 
Clague. Elizabeth 
Clairmoni, Richard 
Clapp, Barbara 
Clark, Dane 
Clark, David 
Clark. Dennis 
Clark, John 
Clark, Margaret 
Clarke, Douglas 
Cleary, Christine 
Cleary, John 
Clemens, Richard 
Clement, Anthony 
Clewlcy. Suzanne 
Clifford. Daniel 
Clough, David 
Cloutier, George 
Cobb, Linda 
Cobleigh. Bruce 
Cocavessis, William 
Coco, Richard 
Coffey, Jeanne 
Cohan. Brenna 
Cohen, Adam 
Cohen, Alan 



Cohen, Deborah 
Cohen, Donna 
Cohen, Edward 
Cohen, Ellen 
Cohen, Lawrence 
Colby, Peter 
Cole, Eleanor 
Colella, Joseph 
Coll, Dcnise 
Collamore, Barry 
Collette, Rhonda 
Collms.Annc 
Collins, Donald 
Collins, Dorothy 
Collins, Judy 
Collins. Michael 
CoUord, Randall 
CoUyer, Thomas 
Colon, Irma 
Colweil, Stephen 
Commons, Meredith 
Conant, Richard 
Cone, Marsha 
Conley, Brainard 
Conlon, Ann 
Conncll. Elizabeth 
Connolly, Stephen 
Connors. Richard 
Contaxes, Charles 
Conti, William 
Conway, Deborah 
Conway, Jean 
Cook, Edmund 
Cook, Peter 
Cooke, David 
Cooper, Jerome 
Corbctt. Kenneth 
Corcoran, James 
Corey, Richard 
Cormier, Dennis 
Cormier, Jacqueline 
Cormier. Joan 
Cormier, Kenneth 
Cormier, Susan 
Cornell, Margaret 
Cornell, Pardon 
Corn well, John 
Correia, Paul 
Costa. Donald 
Costa, Michael 
Cotton, Pamela 
Coulopoulos, Angela 
Cournoyer. Bruce 
Cousineau, Susanne 
Covert, Steven 
Cox. Judith 
Coyne, Brian 
Cramer, Mai 
Crane, Christopher 
Cranna.Greig 
Creed, James 
Creed, Thomas 
Crecgan, Martha 
Crepeau, Robert 
Crimmin, Stephen 
Crimmins, Karen 
Crocker, Jan 
Crockett, Judith 
Croft, Devin 
Crompton, Carrie 
Cronan.Gary 
Croney, David 
Cronin, Anthony 
Cronin, Constance 
Cronin, Neil 
Cross, Kelvin 
Cross, Kenneth 
Crossiey. Deborah 
Croteau, Donald 
Crowell, Thomas 
Crowley, James 
Cruckshank, Bruce 
CuUity, William 
Cuiverwell, Melissa 
Cunnane. Mary 
Cure, Philip 
Curran, Michael 
Curtis, Elizabeth 
Curtis. Kathleen 
Cushman. Kevin 
Cutts, Patricia 
Czajkowski, Kathleen 
Czyzewski, Donald 
Dabrowski, Marya 
Dadalt, Nina 
Daddario, Richard 
Daigle. Edward 
Dallessandro, Elaine 
Dalomba, Helder 
Dammert, Rafael 
Dangle, Kathy 
Danley, Carol 
Dansereau, Paul 
Das, Subhas 
Dasey, Gerard 
Davidson, Neil 
Davis. Charles 
Davis, Dianne 
Davis, Marlese 
Day, Judith 
Day, Virginia 
Dean. George 
Dean, John 
Dean, Marilyn 
Deane, Thomas 
Dcangelis, Jane 
Dearborn, Constance 
Decker, Timothy 
Decosta, Steven 
Deering, Sarah 
Dcgraffenreid, John 
Delacoste, Kitie 
Delancey, Stephen 
Delaney, Constance 
Delaronde. Paul 
Del corral, Rosa 



Deleo, Michael 
Delery, Richard 
Delibertis, John 
Delollis. Edward 
Dcmallie, Richard 
Demaria, Susan 
Demers, Carolyn 
Denehy, Daniel 
Dcnn, Edward 
Densmorc, William 
Dcrderian. Jack 
Derderian, Lynn 
Derooij, Anke 
Deschenes, Peter 
Desorghcr, Richar 
Devcr, Diane 
Devincentis, Sandra 
Deviio, Robert 
Dewey, Robin 
Dewinter, Rachclle 
Dewitt, Barbara 
Dewitl, Henry 
Diamond, Nancy 
Diamond, Robert 
Diana, Janice 
Dickinson. Richard 
Diguiseppe. Barbara 
Dillon, William 
Dimarco, Mary 
Dimichele, Richard 
Dinerstein, Paul 
Dinowiiz, Carla 
Dipaoli.John 
Doerow, Robert 
Doherty, Michael 
Dolan, Edward 
Dombkowski, Joseph 
Domtnick, Joann 
Donachie, Joanne 
Donahue, Rosalind 
Donaldson, Elizabeth 
Donaldson, James 
Donaldson, Stephen 
Donelan, Timothy 
Donfrancisco, Peter 
Donoghue, Kathleen 
Donoso, Maria 
Donovan, Christopher 
Donovan, Elizabeth 
Donovan, John 
Dorris, Roberta 
Doty. Margaret 
Doucet, Barbara 
Doucette, Thomas 
Dougherty, Michael 
Douglass, Richard 
Dowd, John 
Downey, Kevin 
Doyle, Daniel 
Drake, John 
Dratfield, Paul 
Drawee, Roger 
Drew, Bonnie 
Drozdowski, Theodore 
Drumheller, William 
Drury, William 
Dubick, Joanne 
Dubois, Anita 
Dubuque, Donald 
Due, Stephen 
Ducharme, Dennis 
Dudley, Pamela 
Duggan, Francis 
Duggan, Richard 
Duncan, Justin 
Dunham, Susan 
Dunleavy, John 
Dunleavy, Kathleen 
Dunlevy, Brian 
Dunn, Ellen 
Dunn, Mark 
Dunny, David 
Dupuy, Matthew 
Durell, Stephen 
Dwelly, Jack 
Dwyer, Jeffrey 
Dwyer, Patricia 
Dyer, Joghik 
Dzioba, Jan 
Dzwilewski, Thomas 
Eade, Mary 
Earls. Christine 
Early. Francis 
Earnest. Mari 
Eaton, Paul 
Edelstein, Michael 
Edgar, Nancy 
Edison. Michael 
Egan, Christine 
Egan,lris 
Egelson, Ann 
Eichelman, Mary 
Eigen, Susan 
Eisenhart, John 
Eisner, Debra 
Ekberg, John 
Elder, Sharon 
Elkin, Kerry 
Elliot, George 
Ellis, Joanne 
Ellis, Martha 
Ellis, Michael 
Ellis, Paul 
Ellis, Richard 
Ellison, Christine 
Ellstrom, Lisa 
Elsden, Brian 
Elterman. Lawrence 
Elwell, Nancy 
Emerson, Barry 
Emery, Clifton 
Emilio, Alfred 
Enckler, Connie 
English, James 
English, William 
Eno, Stephen 



Erbcntraut, Michael 
Erekson, Steven 
Erickson, Kenneth 
Erikson, Peter 
Erman. William 
Esquivel, Martha 
Esser, Diane 
Estey, David 
Eugin, Christine 
Eurkus. William 
Evans, Laurel 
Everett, Michael 
Eynon, John 
Eysmann, Charles 
Fabian, Christine 
Faccenda, Walter 
Factor, Ronda 
Fa hey. Rosemary 
Falk, Kathleen 
Fallon, Margaret 
Fallon. William 
Faoro. Peter 
Faria, Edward 
Farnell, Mary 
Farnsworth.Gail 
Farr, William 
Farrell, Wayne 
Fasolino, Vincent 
Feeney, Paul 
Fehlow, Jane 
Feinberg, Alan 
Feinstein, Betty 
Fcintzeig, Irwin 
Feinzig, Harry 
Feldman, Judith 
Felton, Deborah 
Fcltus, Roger 
Felzani, Jane 
Fennessey, Neil 
Ferguson, George 
Ferrazzani. Anna 
Ferris, Sue 
Fetig, Donald 
Finison. Karl 
Finkel, Karen 
Finkel. Robert 

Finney, Edward 
Finstein, Robert 
Fiorini, John 
Fisher, Daniel 
Fisher, Jeffrey 
Fishman, Philip 
Fisicheila. Karl 
Fitch, Stanley 
Fitt, Matthew 
Fitzgerald, Edward 
Fitzgerald, Mary 
Fitzgerald, Paul 
Fitzgerald, Terence 
Fitzpalrick, Cecelia 
Fitzpa trick, Diane 
Kitzpatrick, Gary 
Flaherty, Edward 
Flelt, "Frederick 
Flood, Gerard 
Flood, Peter 
Flores, Deborah 
Flores, George 
Flye, Lorraine 
Flynn, Judith 
Flynn, Richard 
Fomt, Steven 
Foley. Beth 
Foley, Ralph 
Foote, Robert 
Ford, Marie 
Forgue, Geoffrey 
Formica, Larry 
Forte, Marlene 
Foster, Judith 
Fothergill, James 
Foulkes, Peter 
Fountain, Charles 
Fournier, Roger 
Fowler, Steve 
Fox, Donna 
Fox, Ernest 
Foy, John 
Foyes, Robert 
Framson. Brian 
Frank, James 
Franks, Karen 
Fraser, Kim 
Fratturelli, John 
Fraval, Wendy 
Fredericks, Barbara 
Freebern, Susan 
Freed, Doric 
Freedman, Arnold 
Freed man, Beth 
Freedman, Joel 
Freedman, Deborah 
Frecse, David 
French, Peter 
Frenier. Steven 
Freudenthal, Margaret 
Frieswyk. Thomas 
Frithsen, Charles 
Frilsch, Ruth 
Froio, Leo 
Frulkin. James 
Fuller. Alan 
Fuller, Donald 
Fuller, Karen 
Fuller. Robert 
Fullinglon, Bronwen 
Fung, Yuenkai 
Furash, Stanley 
Furth.Jane 
Fusick, Gary 
Gabriel, Stephen 
Gadwah, Sandra 
Gaffney. Martha 
Gagnon, Carol 
Gagnon, Mark 



Gagnon. Robert 
Gaida, Ronald 
Gaitenby. Kaaren 
Galanek, Mitchell 
Gallagher. Janet 
Gallagher, John 
Gallagher, William 
Gallant, Esta 
Gallant, Richard 
Gallcnslein, Thomas 
Galli, Gemma 
Gallo,John 
Galvin, Maureen 
, Betsy 
„ Wendy 
Gandcrsman, Richard 
Gansis, Anthony 
Garabedian, Rosel 
Garahan. Francis 
Garber, David 
Garber, Edward 
Garccau, Donna 

Gardiner, Paul 
Gardner, Marcus 
Garland, Richard 
Garr, Susan 
Garrison, Barbara 
Gately. Stephen 
Gates, Michael 
Gattuso, Eloise 
Gauthier, Eugene 
Gawron, Mark 
Gazin. Paul 
Geary, Karen 
Gedraitis, David 
Gelinas, Claude 
Geller. Miriam 
Gendron, Lawrence 
Gendron, Richard 
Gcraghty. Michael 
Gergely, Martha 
Germanow, Sherry 
Germer, Carol 
Gershman, Carrie 
Gershman. Steven 
Gesserman, Burton 



Gia 



, Hele: 



Giaquinto, Carol 
Giard, Denise 
Giard, Richard 
Gibbons. Thomas 
Gies. Judith 
Gilardino, Mario 
Gilbert, Charles 
Gilbert. Daniel 
Gillies. Stephen 
Gilligan, James 
Gillin, William 
Gilmore, Carolyn 
Giombetti, Richard 
Gisone, Georgia 
Giuggio. Maryann 
Giuggio, Rocco 
Giusli. Marguerite 
Glazier, Shcri 
Gleason. John 
Glenny, Sandra 
Globa, Helen 
Goddard.S.W 
Godfrey, Kevin 
Godin.Gary 
Godin, James 
Godley, Diane 
Gola, Anthony 
Gold. Robert 
Gotdbaum, Susan 
Goldberg, Michael 
Goldberg, Michael 
Goldberg, Steven 
Golder, Michael 
Goldman, Janice 
Goldman, Michael 
Goidstien, Robert 
Golinger, Sandra 
Gomes, Frank 
Goncarovos,Valdis 
Gomdelman, Stuarl 
Gonet, William 
Goodman, Robert 
Goodreau, James 
Gordett. Malva 
Gordon, Andrew 
Gordon, James 
Gordon, Joseph 
Gordon, Judith 
Gordon, Lise 
Gordon, Marsha 
Gordon, William 
Gorecki.Gail 
Gormley, James 
Gormley, Mary 
Goss, William 
Gosselin.John 
Gosselin. Patricia 
Gougian, Maria 
Gould, Maureen 
Goulding, Wayne 
Grabiec, John 
Grace, Andrea 
Grace. Monica 
Graham. James 
Grant, Donna 
Grant, Russell 
Grant, Susan 
Grassello, Joseph 
Graveline, Richard 
Gray, John 
Greaney. James 
Green, Beverly 
Green. Nancy 
" I, Susan 



Greenwood, Dale 


Hodak, Thomas 


Grego, Dawn 


Hodgen. Edmund 


Greig. Diane 


Hodgson, Donna 


Grirnn, David 


Hodson, Sandra 


Griffin, John 


Hoffman, Jean 


Griffin, John 


Hoffman, Robert 


Grille, Jacque 


Hogan. Paul 


Grillo, Michael 


Hollingshcad, Edward 


Grim, Kirk 


Hollman. Richard 


Grimatdi, Janis 


Holly, Elizabeth 


Grimes, Leonard 


Holmes, Stephanie 


Griswold, Daniel 


Holt. Linda 


Gromaski, David 


Homer. Rachel 


Groves, Robert 


Hooper, Celia 


Guarino. Douglas 


Hopkins, Robert 


Guberski, Dennis 


Horner, Leslie 


Gucdalia, Judith 


Horowitz, Nancy 


Guillette, Karen 


Horoqitz, Rebecca 


Guimond. Richard 


Horrigan, John 


Gulezian, John 


Horsey, Maryellen 


GwiUiam, Russell 


Horsford, James 


Gwozoz. Cecelia 


Horsford, Susan 


Hackett, John 


Houle, David 


Hackman, Christopher 


Houle, Louise 


Hafcy, Robert 


Howard, Grctchen 


Haggerty. Ellen 


Howard, Philip 


Haines, Francis 


Howes, Ann 


Hale; Laura 


Howes, Marjorie 


Hale, William 


Howletl, Jeffrey 


Hall, Carolyn 


Hoyle. Keith 


Hall, Edward 


Huard, Robin 


Hall, Howard 


Hubbard, Elizabeth 


Hall, Mary 


Hudson, Claire 


Halvey, Diane 


Huff. Sara 


Hamborg, Marlyn 


Hughes, Mark 


Hamilton, Deborah 


Hughes, Sharon 


Hamilton, Robert 


Hunt, Craig 


Hamm, Howard 


Hunter. Don 


Hamm.John 


Hunter. Paul 


Hammer. Patricia 


Hurley, Ellen 


Hammond, Douglas 


Hussey. Carol 


Hanafin, Maureen 


Hussey. Richard 


Hanberry. Donald 


Hutchins, Rosemary 


Hanby, Nelson 


Hutchinson, James 


Handel, Elaine 


Hyson. Wendy 


Hanifan, Peter 


lemolini.Gail 


Hankin. Clifford 


Immonen.Jay 


Hanley. Kenneth 


Imparato. Stephen 


Hannigan, Francis 


Incorvia, Russell 


Hannon, Mark 


Infascelli.Gino 


Hanson, Christa 


Ingalls, Douglas 


Hanson. Donald 


Ingalls, Keith 


Hanson, Howard 


Innerasky, Paula 


Hanson, Lesley 


Insler, Harris 



Gri 



, Vale: 



, Karlson 
Greenleaf, Cindy 
Greenspan, Joseph 



Hardaker, Karen 
Hardiman, Rita 
Harding, Henry 
Harding, Joan 
Harding, Judith 
Harding, Robert 
Hargraves, William 
Harney. Ellen 
Harper. John 
Harrington, John 
Harris, Benjamin 
Harris, Cheryl 
Harris, Donald 
Harris, Kathryn 
Harrison, John 
Hart. David 
Hart. Jacalyn 
Hart. Kendra 
Hart. Mary 
Hart, Yvonne 
Hartford, Douglas 
Hartshorne, Colette 
Hashim,Ghassan 
Hasler, Elizabeth 
Hassell. Virginia 
Hastings, David 
Hatch, Timothy 
Hati, Raymond 
Hatt, Roger 
HauschJld, Janice 
Hawley, Carol 
Hawlcy. Eleanor 
Hay, Nancy 
Hayes, Deborah 
Hayes, John 
Hayes, Patricia 
Hayne, Edward 
Hazell, Raymond 
Healey, Frederic 
Healy, John 
Heard, Marian 
Heaton, Lawrence 
Hebert, Louise 
Hedblom, Carol 
Heegard, Chris 
Heide, Frederic 
Heiden, William 
Hemphill, John 
Henault, Michael 
Henchey, Ann 
Henderson, James 
Henderson, Peter 
Hendricks. Eleanor 
Hennessy. Mary 
Hcnnessy. William 
Henri, Lorraine 
Henry, Lawrence 
Herbold, James 
Herlihy, Robert 
Herman, Richard 
Hervieux, Kathryn 
Herzeg, Kathleen 
Hickey, Karen 
Hicks, Job 
Hidy, Miklos 
Higgins, Rosemary 
Hildreth, Charles 
Hilker, James 
Hill, Anthony 
Hill. Carole 
Hines, Dennis 
Hitchcock, Jayne 



Irwin. Jean 
Irwin, Stephen 
Jablonski, Paul 
Jackson, David 
Jackson, Kristine 
Jackson, Ronald 
Jackson, Susan 
Jacobs, Bradford 
Jacobs, Nancy 
Jacobson, David 
Jacque, Deborah 
Jacques, Luigi 
Jaeger, Jerold 
James. Richard 
Janes. Brian 
Jansons.Andris 
Jawer, Jeffery 
Jeannenot.Paul 
Jenson, Gilda 
Jewell. Anthony 

n, Patrick 



John; 



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Johnson, Barbara 
Johnson, Chrislin 
Johnson, Eric 
Johnson, Gary 
Johnson, Kevin 
Johnson, Kristen 
Johnson, Lawrence 
Johnson, Phyllis 
Johnson. Shirley 
Johnson, Steven 
Joly, John 



Jones, Stephen 
Joseph, Arthur 
Joseph, Gerald 
Josephson, Dcnise 
Joudrey. Paul 
Joyce. David 
Joyce. Kathryn 
Joyce. Kevin 
Joyce. Thomas 
Joyner, Jacqueline 
Judd, George 
Judge, Cathleen 
Jussaume, Norman 
Kachadorian, Mark 
Kagan, Ron 
Kahler, Gerhard 
Kahn. Jason 
Kalinowski, Slephan 
Kalliotzis, Michael 
Kallipoiites, John 
Kalwiener, Diane 
Kamins, Angela 
Kandylakes, Peter 
Kane, Karen 
Kane, William 
Kaplan. Ellen 
Kaplan, Gail 
Karafin, Audrey 
Karahalis.Corinne 
Karel, Alan 
Karlilz, Robert 
Karger, Howard 
Karlsberg. Sheryl 
Kasch, Daniel 




ky. Joyce 
Koslek. Michael 
Kostek. Thomas 
Kotnia, Deanna 
Kotowski, Kristine 
Kovacevic. Demil 
Koven, Gary 
Kowalski. Wayne 
Kowetz, Bradely 
Krajeski, Thomas 
Kramer. Bonnie 
Kramer, Susan 
Kratz, David 
Krcmer, Corinne 
Kresge, Carol 
Kretchman, Susan 
Krok. William 
Krysinski. Patrice 
Kryzak, Patricia 
Kszystyniak, Richard 
Kugler. Elizabeth 
Kuhn. Barbara 
Kulas. Kathleen 
Kulcsza. Dennis 
Kulick. Marian 
Kulikowski, Chester 
Kurinsky. Geoffrey 
Kuroczko. Maryannc 
Labak. Robert 
Labbee. Linda 
Ubric. Alida 
La brie. Gerald 
Lacoursierc. Beverly 
Lafleur. Gaston 
Laford. Eugene 
Lafonunc, Michelle 
La^oy. Andrea 
Lainc. Richard 
Uiret. Gustavo 
Laircl, Nancy 
Lally. Richard 
Lamasney. Thomas 
Lamontagnc. Denisc 
Lampron. Robert 
Lancelcy. Lynclic 
Landau. Ruth 
Landau, Steven 
Lane. Paul 
Lancn. Thomas 
Langan, Elinor 
Langcr. Thomas 



ulyson 
Lewis, Carol 
Lewis, Ralph 
Lewis, Veronica 
Lewis. Willie 
Lewison. Marybeth 
Liacos, James 
Libby, Nancy 
Lier. Erica 
Lilly. Margaret 
Lindquist, Eric 
Lindsey, Edgar 
Lindwall. Bruce 
Linell, Craig 
Lipman, Ralph 
Lisciotti, Robert 
Litant, Lisa 
Litchfield, Budge 
Little. Clarence 
Littlefield, Barron 
Litus, Kenneth 
Lizotle, Richard 
Lloy, Beverly 
Loati. Mark 
Lociccro.Jean 

Lofchie, Anita 
Logalbo, Janice 
Logan. James 
Logue. Emmet 
Logwood. Kenneth 



Marston. Rosemarie 
Martin. David 
Martino. Michael 
Martino, Richard 



Ma 



li.Lis 



Lois 



:.Ann 



Lomanno, Susan 
Lombard. Richard 
Lonczak, Kenneth 
Londergan. Betty 
London. Fredric 
Longo. Laura 
Longo, Richard 
Loper, Mark 
Lopes. Carl 
Lord, Nancy 
Lord, Steven 
Loring. Lynn 
Loring. Warren 
Loudcrmilch. Brian 
Lougce. Bernard 
Loughran. Richard 
Love. Kathryn 
Lovins, David 
Lubin, Cheryl 



X.Ralph 
Masambo. Edwin 
Mason. Donald 
Mass. Carrie 
Massaras. Constantine 
Massee. Robin 
Massey, Robert 
Masterson, Harry 
Mastricola, Vincent 
Masucci, Richard 
Mathews. Claudia 
Mattarocchia.Carl 
Matthews. Deborah 
Matuszko, Frank 
Maxwell, Keith 
Maxwell. Michael 
Mayer. John 
Mazur. Karen 
Mcallister.Earl 
Mcaulay, Michal 
Mcauley. Robert 
Mcavecney, James 
McCaffrey. Edward 
Mccann. Jamea 
McCann, John 
McCann. Linda 
McCarter, Alan 
McCarthy, Elizabeth 
McCarthy, Gregory 
McCarthy, Karen 
McCarthy. Maureen 
McCarthy, Patrick 
McCarthy. Peter 
McCarthy. Stephen 
McCary.C. 
McClennan. Peter 
McCluskey, Joanne 
McCluskcy. Stephen 
McCluskey. William 
McColl.Jan 
McCormack. Anne 
McCormack. Robert 
McCormick, Jeffrey 
Mcdcrmott. James 
Mcdonald. Elizabeth 



Mitchell, Gregg 
Mitchell, Thomas 
Mitchell. Vincent 
Mitchell. William 
Mitnik, Susan 
Mlanga, James 
Moawalla.Akberali 
Moczulewski, Catherine 
Molloy, Margaret 
Moloney, Edward 
Molomgoski, Charles 
Monaghan, Maureen 
Monahan, Thomas 
Mock. George 
Moore, Albert 
Moore, Susan 
Moors. Gary 
Moquin, Robert 
Morales. Armando 
Moran, John 
Moran, Timothy 
Moriarty. Brian 
Moriarty. Judith 
Moriarty. Patricia 
Moriarty, Timothy 
Morin. Catherine 
Morin. Cynthia 
Morin. Patricia 
Morin. Rachelle 
Morley. Patrick 
Morrell, Linda 
Morris. Lawrence 
Morris, Michael 
Morris. Robert 
Morris. Sidney 
Morrison, Mary 
Morrow, Gary 
Morse, Alden 
Morse. Kenneth 
Morse. William 
Mosher, Susan 
Mosko. Michele 
Motta. Patricia 
Moyer, Alien 
Moynihan, Susan 
Mpelkas.John 
Mraz. Rita 
Mroz. Adele 
Mroz. Ralph 
Mryglot. Charles 
Muirhead, Mary 



NArt(in. ka 
Notarangelo, John 
Novak, Glynis 

Nowak, Joseph 

Nunes, Roger 
Nunno. Thomas 
Gates, Jane 
Obricn, Chester 
Obrien, Dennis 
Obrien, Eileen 
Obrien. Elizabeth 
Obrien, Gary 
Obrien, John 
Obrien, Karen 
Obrien. Kathleen 
Oconneli, Joanne 
Oconnell. Patrick 
OconncU. Robert 
Oconnell, Ruth 
Oconnor, Brian 
Oconnor. Janet 
Oconnor. Patrick 
Odaniel. Nilufar 
Odea, Jacklyn 
Odonnell. Eugene 
Odonneii, Paul 
Odonnell. Timothy 
Ogeen, Joseph 
Ogorman, Kevin 
Ohara. James 
Ohara. Thomas 
Oha re, Thomas 
Olandcr. John 
Oleary. William 
Olevsicy. Roxane 
Olinski. Vincent 
Olsen. Harold 
Olsen, Robert 
Olsson, David 
Omalley. Maureen 
Onelll, David 
Oreilly, Edward 
Ormond, William 
Ortlip, Deborah 
Osenkowski, Susan 
Ostapack. Douglas 
Otero. Rafael 
Otoolc, Kevin 
Oucllet, Joseph 
Owen. Hugh 
Owens, George 



HuTTe 
Piskor, Ma 
Pitcher, Diane 
Pitihb, Richard 
Pizzi. Frederic 
Place, Stephen 
Planie, John 
Ploof. Deborah 
Plotkin. Debra 
Plummer. Linda 
Podesky. Kathleen 
Poll, Antoinet 
Polite, Janet 
Pollack. Susan 
Pollack. William 
Pollock, Bruce 
Polumbo, Robert 
Pomeroy. Laurie 
Pooley. Christopher 
Poor, Mark 
Pope. Lawrence 
Poth,Thanne 
Pothier. Lee 
Potter. Rebecca 
Power. Dennis 
Power, James 
Power, Maurice 
Power. Patrick 
Powers. Paul 
Powers, Walter 
Pratt, Joanne 
Pratt. Mary 
Pratt. Nina 
Preissler, Edward 
Prelack, James 
Press. Mitchell 
Price, Louise 
Price, Thomas 
Price. Waller 
Priestley. Michael 
Prince, Mark 
Prins. Peter 
Priichard. Mary 
Progen, Thomas 
Protheroe. Wendy 
Proulx, George 



Prun 
Prunif 



■.Chri 



. Thomas 
Pulvirenti.Salvator 
Purccll. James 
Purinton, Linda 



.V. 



jiiin 



Purpura, Richard 
Putes. Paul 
Putnam, John 
Pyenson, Jonathan 
Pyne, Richard 
Quarles, Gerald 
Quinlan, Daniel 
Quinlan. Robert 
Quinn. Bruce 
Quinn, Michael 
Quinn, Paula 
Quinn, William 
Quiriy, Elizabeth 

^ Rackowe. Paul 

■^ Radwanski, Carole;," 
Ragland, Mary 
Raia, Joseph 
Raia, Sandra 
Rainville, Dougl 
Ralowicz, Elizabeth 
Ralph, Alan -^ 

Ralys, Thomas ^^ 
Ramage, Geoffrey 
Ramsey, Barbara , 
Ramsey, Laurie 
Rand, Cecily 
Rand, Karen 
Rand, Robert 
Rapata, Mildred 
Rappaport, Jean 
Raubeson, Roderick 
Rawinski, John 
Rawling, Virginia 
Raymond. Richard 
Razza, Marylou 
Ready, Douglas 
Reagan, Elizabeth 
Reardon. Kenneth 
Reddington. Dale 
Reddington, John 
Reddy. Michael 
Redmond, Shelley 
Reed, Barbara 
Reed, Christine 
Reese, Carol 
Regan. Ruth 
Rege, Richard 
Reiche, Nancy 
Reid, Paul 
Reilly, Edward 
Reilly, Michael 
Reilly, Thomas 
Reisman, Jeffrey 
Relieva, Wayne 
Remal, Lisa 
Renaud, Homer 
Renear, Dawn 
Reney, John 
Reshik, Ellen 
Reusch, Bruce 
Rhode. Sandra 
Rhyne, Eunice 
Rhys, Marcie 
Rhys, Mimi 
Rich, Irwin 
Richard, Donald 
Richard. Suzanne 
Richardson, Matthew 
Richardson, Michael 
Richey, Robert 
Richman, Alan 
Rickabaugh, Dawn 
Rider, Stephen 
Ridge, Maureen 
Riley, James 
Riley, Linda 
Riordan, James 
RIska, Paul 
Ritchie, Philip 
Ritter. Stephen 
Rizos. Nicholas 




, Corir 



Riz 

Rizzitano, Anthony 
Rizzo, John 
Robblee, Toni 
Roberts, Adele 
Roberts, David 
Roberts, Elaine 
Roberts, Paul 
Roberts, Sally 
Roberts, Susan 
Robertson, Steven 
Robertson, Thomas 
Roeichaud, Michael 
Robitailte, Francis 
Rocheteau, Ralph 
Rochette, Linda 
Rock, Robert 
Rockey, Linda 
Rockwood, Donald 
Roderick. Carlene 
Rodman. Marjorie 
Rodriguez, Olga 
Rogers, Debra 
Rogers, Jane 
Rogers. Valerie 
Roland, Philip 
Role, Charles 
Rollinson. Paul 
Roman, Lawrence 
Romanowiz, James 
Romer, Richard 
Ronaldson, Kirk 
Rood, George 
Rosa, Dorothy 
Rose, Nina 
Rosen, Steven 
Rosenberg, Nina 
RosenBlatt, Roy 
Rosenfeld, Jordan 
Rosenthal, Phyllis 
Rosncr, Marni 
Ross. Celia 
Rossetii, Thomas 
Rossi. Michael 
Rossman, Robert 



/' 



Rosso. Mark 
Rostowsky. Richard 
Rota, Nello 
Roundy, Alton 
Rowan, Carol 
Rowan, Lisa 
Rowland. Dannie 
Rowthorn, Janet 
Roy, Donna 
Rozankowsky. Adi 
Rudell. Deborah 
Rudman, Steven 
Roucco, Joseph 
Rup. Bonita 
Russell, James 
Russell, Kevin 
Russb,Gary 
/?i?.usso. Leslie 
7]R.iitl,edgftJohn:-~ 
^'Ryah, Ppid '' 
/??^yain.4anet 
f SRslahv'Jbhn 
jRyah, Kathleen F. 
■ Ryan, Kathleen M 
Ryan, Maryellen 

^// Ryan, Pamela 

'■ Ryan, Ruth 

Ryan, Stephen E.- 
Ryan, Stephen P.- 
Ryley, Dianne 
Rys, Richard 
Sabbs, Frederic 
Sacks, Steven 
Sadlowski, John 
Salamone, John 
Salemi, Michael . 
Salewski, Joseph 
Saline, Robert 
Salipante, Loretta 




Shore, Pamela 
-Short, Kathleen 
Shumway, Herbert 
Shutt, Donna 
Shwert, Walter 



Shw 



Sambor, Julianne 
Sammet, Lisa 
Sampson, Blaine 
Sandberg, Lance 
Sandell, John 
Sanders, Sybil 
Santangelo, Mark 
Santilli, Vincent 
Santos, Maria 
Sargent, Jean nette 
Sarnie, Gerard 
Sartori, Stephen 
Sauerbrun, Gordon 
Saunders, Claudelt 
Saunders, Gregory 
Savini, Richard 
Savoy, Paul 
Sawyer, Kathleen 
Sawyer. Peter 
Scalese. Ellen 
Schade. Carolyn 
Schafer, Paul 
Schaye, Paul 
Scherer. Carole 
Scheumann, Betsy 
Scheumann, Williar 
Scheurer, Roger 
Schiller, Bruce 
Schiltz, Harvey 
Schirmer, Frank 
Schirmer, Philip 
Schleiger, Janice 
Schmidt, Chrislop 
Schneer, Deborah 
Schnider, Alan 
Schoen, Jerome 
Schofield, Bernard 
Schpeiser, Robert 
Schreurs, Janice 
Schubach, Lauren 
Schuler, Karen 
Schwartz, Eric 
Scharlz, Laurie 
Schwartz, Lawrenct 
Sco field, Gregory 
Scojedge, Mary 
Scotl, Douglas 
Scudder, Dean 
Seamon, Thomas 
Searle, Nancy 
Seaver, Clarence 
Segersten, Paul 
Seidenberg. Jane 
Serino, William 
Sessler. Bruce 
Severson. Nancy 
Shanahan, William 
Sharnak, Lawrence 
Sharp. Sandra 
Sharpe, Thomas 
Shattuck, Michael 
Shattuck, Suzanne 
Shaughnessey, Robert 
Shaw, John 
Shaw, Michael 
Shay, Robert 
Shea, Deborah 
Shea, James 
Shea, Laurence 
Shea. Patricia 
Shea. William 
Shea. William 
Shearer, Holly 
Sheehan, Kevin 
Sheehan, Staffor". 
Sheehy, Joseph 
Shepard, Susan 
Shcpard. Susan 
Sherback, George 
Sherlock, Patricia 
Sherman, Barry 
Sherman, Rosslyn 
Sherry. Stanley 
Shields. Glenn 
Shindler, Diane 
Shippee, Thomas 



n 







Siegal, Michael 
Silsby. Robert 
Silva, George 
Silva, Leonard 
Simcox, Alison 
Simenas.Albe 

Simon, Marc 
Simon, Rosemary 
Sine, Patricia 
Singer, Frederic 
Singleton, Mark 
Sinnamon, Thomas 
' Siska, John 
Sisson, Roberta 
Sistrunk, Willie 
Sitnik.John 
Sjostedt, Jon 
Skalski, Richard 
Skammels. John 
Skoglund, Edward 
Slaitery, William 
Slavinskas, Susan / 
Sliwoski, Steven 
Smeedy. Sharon 
Smith-Watson, Paul 
Smith, Anita 
Smith, Bernadette 
Smith. Bruce 
Smith, Cheryl 
Smith, David C. 
Smith, David K. 
Smith, Edward 
Smith, Frederick 
Smith, Heather 
, Smith, James 
/Smith. Jeffrey 

#'''Smith. Joseph 

I Smith, Julia 
.Smith. Karene 
''^"'' Smith. Lawrence A. 
Smith. Lawrence J. 
Smith, Martin 
Smith, Maurice 
Smith. Michael 
Smith, Philip 
Smith. Robert 
Smola, Mark 
Smulligan,John 
Smulligan. Stephen 
Snedeker, Lynda 
Sniegowski. Joanne 
Snyder, Alexandra 
Snyder, Evelyn 
Sober, Linda 
Sodergren, Alan 
Sokol. Donna 
Solomon, David 
Solomon. Nicki 
Solomon. Nina 
Somers, Harry 
Somers, Robert 
Somich. Stephen 
Sommers, Thomas 
Songer, Lucille 
Sonnabend, Andrea 
Soodalter, Paula 
Sophos, Peter 
Sorrentino, Christophe: 
Solter, Theodore 
Sousa, Richard 
Souza, Linda 
Spaulding. John 
Spector. Wendy 
Specter, Gregory 
Spelman, Robert 
Spence, Peter 
Spinelli,Salvator 
Spingler. Jerry 
Spurio, Marilyn 
Siachowicz, Michael 
Stadnik, Gary 
Stalker, Deborah 
Stamboulis, Anastasics 
Stanchfield, John 
Slanitis, Cynthia 
Stanley. David 
Stanton, Katharine 
Stanwood. Jeffrey 
Staples, Kathryn 
Starble. Janet 
Starek, Rodger 
Stark. David 
Starr, Diane 
Staub, Sandra 
Stecker, Steve 
Steele, Raymond 
Steen, Diane 
Stefancyk, Thomas 
Stefanik. Carolyn 
Stein, Martin 
Stella, Paul 
Stenson, Patricia 
Sterling, Karen 
Stevens, Susan 
Stewart, William 
Stgelais, David 
Stiffle, Scott 
StMarie, Rosanne 
StMartin, Mary 
Stoddart. Joseph 
Stokes, Eric 
Stokowski, Henry 
Stoil, Linda 
Stonoga. Peter 
Strait. Gary 
Strazdas, Susan 
Strazzulla, Frances 
Strickland, William 
Stronczek, Nancy 



Struckus. Theresa 
Stuart. Kathleen 
Stuckcy. Mansfield 
Sucharzcwski, Susan 
Sudsbury, Alice 
Sulaimana, Rajab 
Sullivan. David 
Sullivan, Daine 
Sullivan, Erin 
Sullivan, Jane 
Sullivan, Joan 
Sullivan, Mary 
Sullivan, Michael 
Sullivan, Michael 
Sullivan, Paul 
Sundberg, David 
Surette, Michael 
Sutton, Lynne 
Swados, Robin 
Swanson, Alan 
Swanson, Jean 
Swanson, Michael 
Swanwick, Michael 
, Dennis 
z, Martha 
, Harold 
Sylvia. David 
Synkoski, Stanley 
Szafranski, John 
Tadesse, Teshome 
Ta ft, John 
Taggart, Marjorie 
Taillon.Paul 
Talmadge, Daniel 
Tamborini, Ronald 
Tamburro, Michael 
Tamzarian, Hrayr 
Tanguay, George 
Tanner. Ralph 
Tanona. John 
Tappan. Stanford 
Tardiff. Gary 
Tarr, Leslie 
Taupier, Michael 
Taupier, Richard 
Taussig, Peter 
Taylor, Deborah 
Taylor, Dianne 
Taylor. Julie 
Taylor. Richard 
Teachman, Sally 
Teikmanis. Mahra 
Teixeira, Thomas 
Telch, Michael 
Tenny, David 
Teraspulsky, Laurie 
Termotto, Catherine 
Terp, Beverly 
Terpos. Leo 
Tessier, Richard 
Tetrault, Robert 
Tetreault, Dennis 
Tetu, Therese 
Texeira, Bryan 
Theroux, James 
Thomas. Allen 
Thomas, Donald 
Thomas. Gary 
Thomas. Marie 
Thomas. Roger 
Thomas. Stephen 
Thompson, Gregory 
Thompson, Jeffrey 
Thompson, John 
Thompson, Nancy 
Thompson, Thomas 
Thurston, William 
Tick, David 
Tidwell. William 
Tierney, Richard 
Timmer, Froukje 
Tobie, Deborah 
Tobin, Francis 
Tobin. Robert 
Tocman, Howard 
Tofeldi, Linda 
Tolland, Robert 
Tomkus.Cathleen 
Tomsuden. Mark 
Toner, Philip 
Tonrey, Frank 
Torresseneri, Julio 
Tourjee, Michael 
Tourville, Paul 
Towart, Geoffrey 
Townsend, Gail 
Trabucco. Joseph 
Trace. Sharon 
Tracey, Robert 
Tracy, Richard 
Tracy, Thomas 
Trainer, Peter 
Traverse, Janet 
Trela, Francis 
Trenhoim, Mark 
Trilling, Nancy 
Tripoli, Stephen 
Trippi, Sandra 
Tri pucka, Mark 
Trombley, James 
Troup. Patricia 
Troy, Carolyn 
Trudel, Robert 
Trytko, Ann 
Tsonga, Acton 
Tucker, Dean 
Tudryn, Gregory 
Tully, Joseph 
Tumasz, Lucy 
Tunstall, James 
Turcotte, June 
Turoff, Barbara 
Turowski, Alfred 
Tusia, Donna 
Twible, David 
Twohig, David 



Twohig, James 
Tyning. Thomas 
Tyszkowski.Jeanettc 
Tzoumbas, Louis 
Underbill. Sharon 
Uppvall, Sandra 
Upton, Robert 
Urquhari, Ross 
Vallett. Richard 
Vanalstyne, Joy 
Vandeusen, Paul 
Vanvoohis, Mary 
Vaznis, William 
Vega, Carlos 
Vega, Maria 
Vcnne, Ronald 
Ventham, Edward 
Vernon, Arlene 
Vetterling, Donald 
Vigna, Michael 
Vinciguerra, Thomas 
Vinskey. Joseph 
Vinson, Ann 
Virta, Debra 
Visnick, Patricia 
Vitello. Peter 



Vivia 



ard 



Vogel, Lori 
Vorderer, Mary 
Vose, Richard 
Wadsworth, Allan 
Wagner. Helene 
Wailgum, Howard 
Wainwright, David 
Waite.John 
Wakmonski. Susan 
Walb, Carol 
Walczak. Joseph 
Waldman, Helaine 
Walker, Alison 
Walker, Patrick 
Walker, Ronald 
Wallace, Carey 
Wallersiein. Joel 
Wallwork, Craig 
Walsh, Daniel 
Walsh, David 
Walsh, Dennis 
Walsh, Margaret 
Walsh, Richard 
Walter, Krissly 
Walters, Pauline 
Walthall, William 
Ward, Edmund 
Ward, Mary 
Ward, Peter 
Warner, Cortland 
Warner, Dorothy 
Warner, Raymond 
Warnock, Robert 
Warriner. Elizabeth 
Wasilauski. William 
Wassell, John 
Waterhouse, Mona 
Watkins, John 
Watson, John 
Watson, Sheila 
Watt, Jeffrey 
Watt, Robert 
Webber, Alison 
Weber, William 
Webman, William 
Webman, Susan 
Weeks. Joan 
Weiner, Pamela 
Weintraub. Haralee 
Weisblat, David 
Weiss. Frederic 
Weissman, Louise 
Weils, Linda 
Wendi, Margaret 
Wenning, Karen 
Wenzell, Gary 
Werber. Sharon 
Wertheim. Andrea 
West, Christine 
West. Douglas 
West. Jeffrey 
West, Peter 
Westbom. Robert 
Wheeler, Annemarie 
Wheeler, Holiis 
Wheeler, Lynne 
Whitcomb. Charles 
White, Arlene 
White, Bruce 
White, Elaine 
White, Gail 
White, James 
White, Jerry 
White, John 
White, Robert 
Whitehouse, Edward 
Whitehouse, Paul 
Whitford, Robert 
Whiting, Marie 
Whitley. Richard 
Whitney, Steven 
Whitsett, Kenneth 
Whittaker, Dwight 
Whittemore. Dennis 
Whittredge, Jean 
Whitworth, Calvert 
Widmer, Frederick 
Wiede, Darry 
Wigdor. Louis 
Wiggenhauser, Charle; 
Wiley, Lenerd 
Wilhelm, Donald 
Wilkins, Robert 
Wilkinson, Elizabeth 
Willard, Derrick 
Williams, Anthony 
Williams. Herman 
Williams. Ilka 
Williams, Jane 



Williams. Janet 
Williams. Lincoln 
Williams, Peter 
Williams. Richard 
Willingham, Norm 
Willins. Edward 
Wilson. Fayc 
Wilson. Thomas 
Winchester. James 
Winder, Mark 
Winkler. Robert 
Winn. Bruce 



Wir 



Wis 



. Edward 



Withington, Ellis 
Witkowsky, Ruth 
Witt. Bradley 
Wittig, Marylou 
Wojcik, Dennis 
Wojtowicz, Jayne 
Wojtowicz, Peter 
Wolf, Bruce 
Wolf, James 
Wolfe, Alison 
Wolfe, Donald 
Wong, Deborah 
Wood, Michael 
Wood, Richard 
Wood, Valerie 
Woodruff, Stephen 
Woodward, Bruce 
Wooliver. Anne 
Wright, Cynthia 
Wright, Denis 
Wright, Gail 
Wright, Karen 
Wright. Linda 
Wright, Paul 
Yacovone. Vincent 
Yaeger. Christina 
Yamamoto, Linda 
Yankun. Patricia 
Yetz, Cynthia 
Yonika. Michael 
Yost, Thomas 
Young, Michael 
Young, Nancy 
Young. Paul 
Young. Regina 
Young. Robert 
Yu.Shunchi 
Yushkevich, Melanie 
Zabko, Peter 
Zacarian, Matthew 
Zack, Cheryl 
Zaffiro, Sarina 
Zagami, Robert 
Zahn, Stephen 
Zajac, Henry 
Zakon. Marlene 
Zampaglione, Valerie 
Zandan, Peter 
Zane, William 
Zaremba, Jill 
Zeitler,Wilhelmina 
Zemann,Sari 
Zerneri, Stuart 
Zielonka, Wladyslam 
Ziemlak, Nancy 
Zillman, Robert 
Zinger. Abraham 
Zoulalian, Nancy 
Zukas, Elizabeth 
Zukowski, John 




appi 




<m*3m 









The current fine arts magazine of 
UMass is Spectrum, publishing hc- 
tion, non-fiction, poetry, artwork, 
and black and white photography 
with a high quality graphics that 
complements its select works. It 
offers student artists, by having 
their works published in Spectrum, 
a truly fulfilling way in which to 
benefit from the fruits of their labor. 
UMass has had a literary maga- 
zine since 1887 to meet the needs of 
authors, artists and photographers 
^play their works and similarly, 
of students to participate in 
ieexperience of quality artwork of- 
fered them by their colleagues. Pre- 
viously, a directions manual to the 
T'niversity for Freshmen, Spectrum 
became established as such by 1967. 

In February 1971, when a budget 
allowance of $26,522 for Spectrum 
enabled the publication of up to 
three issues yearly, the magazine 
was awarded the Printing Industry 
of America award for excellence 
in the one and four-color category. 
While it is uncommon for collegiate 
publications to receive this award, 
it was particularly gratifying to the 
Spectrum staff because it was cho- 
sen by members of the commercial 



print mg industr\ m open competi- 
t !on wil h professional puWu ation., 

More recently, the magazine has 
been forced to cut down to one pub- 
lication per year. It must reject ap- 
proximately 94-^fc of all material it 
receives, accepting less graphic 
artwork and having to accept more 
fiction, non-fiction, poetry and 
black-and-white photography fori 
economic reasons. I 

Chip Lalonde and Bill Whitman 
are co-editors of this year's Spec- 
trum. Lalonde, a senior English ma- 
jor, is striving to make Spectrum 
the strong voice on campus that n 
was before being stricken by the m- 
itial cuts in budget. But he finds 
himself in an awkward position. 

"It's pretty hard to defend art, 
. . . you appreciate it or you don't," 
he says. "I hope our petition will 
help somewhat, but quahty is im- 
portant to maintain. By only com- 
ing out once a year, people lose in- 
terest in Spectrum. We forfeit qua- 
lity contributions that way." 

The staff of Spectrum consists of 
twelve editors who read and com- 
ment on contributions and offer 
their own work for evaluation. 



H 




^^^ 





Me.be:sofU.Mass..« ensemble. 



148 




Jimmy Owens 



jnufiici^o^ 



«?a)Mt2V) (v©MSW> !V®(HS>v> <V®(.)®v5 vi©W®' 
This past years performances 
of music at the Lazy River was 
Hke putting meat on the dried 
bones of a skeleton in the val- 
ley. Heretofore there had not 
been any constant Black Music 
presentations in the area clubs. 
Once Max Roach and Archie 
Sheep started their classroom 
workshops there, the commun- 
ity responded in a tremdous 
way. Sorry to say progressive 

: Black Music is no longer fea- 
tured there, due to the Lazy 
economy. 





Charles GreenI, 



Heayy debate last night centered c 
unding of ihe union. The policy provid 



LIUI I 



16.000 leaflets 



The Policy 






vfiTten by Sfudt 
'f member and H 
)ug Phelps in cc 



April 14. The leaflets 
I about proposed budg 



uidelines Boudin, 

red, has It provides for an "exclusive 

iiral and tative" to represent the students in 

umetous bargaining negotiations with the L 
s being It also provides for a Board o1 

luthvuest Relations to decide all Questions w 



ning expense 



igoiiations with the Unlvefsity. 
vides for a Board of Student 



: defeated 



'eaied on the grounds 
lecide if to appeal or lo 
special election. 



3r»datorv 



jdget cuts and 
campus 



Polii 



' Board of Tn 
isldent for I 



'. The board 
ees Chai 
em Affaii 



'of Policy ii 

in of the I'nuousl' 

the Vice- In oil 

ie student Associai 









ion lASA) had their program 
II and rationale denied outright by 
uiniMiiiioi appuiiiiKH mc ociiate. The ASA budget request had 
previously been dpninrl hv tho Stiirifir* 
tnded last night to also Senate Budget C 
world student, one 
non-black third world 






draw 3000-4000 I 
Common. 



l^e\ . ^-nrH.J^^r ""', ?L "^" """*"= Student ( 

'^O Z ^""'^ '° "-"P^s last Sonng ,, ,„,^„^^^ ,„ ^^ 

/J.-S. ■ ''"'^'"' Organiz.ng needs besides ec< 

^^fi t^ ""' "^^ '° '=* ""o while the union i. 

*by, ^"'^o^.^t>N>/ rC/j^ /QT^ ^ng students „ ,,, 

OOI.O ^=.»,o uuuao. ..u,„.,„u»«. Common. "Iff "r^.-'e ■■ "o^:'.' S.^, ^S 

°"e Senate Communications Committse Sayini urged the Senate lo fina,,. ''/A-'e„ ■>/«_ «<Jo„ 

^°"° Chairman Anthony Armelin announced that for the trip. 

^^ against women 

*l women in the part of the managers ir 
^^\ "husetts Her attorney, Davio ^ 



^^ unionize A^^ 

AND ^^^^M 



8 Y JEfF HO WA RD A ND 
DOUG PHELPS 
^asi Fall, during the faculty uni( 
lanizing- drive, this 



a union?" Starting in 



illectively baf 



seeing to it that 
protected 

3f the The Student Orpa 
SPfnfl IS mtend- 






Her attorney, ^ 
;urrently studying t 
legal 







^'=' *;,\'"lSt student pwe^^ ^^, „ 

,^el says th" ^^jaetr-ic stru 

jn. . ,Ke wnole. 

='=°"..°lcuuy -"^^T'l 

^el- ■ .L^e won 

change<l i" concem- 
. said. ^^ " 






■wShiii'^^'" 



-IS where PCP , 
3ughlv the sar 

'ere the PCP , 



^ 247. while t 
'wski polled 167 i 
3 precinct seven 



„ ""'Vers;,, „„. 
Jart,„ , '^*"nil 



"'"yersin, nH- - m 

,";"''"aaio,vd°„'='='S3greJ 
•'^^«Jordar"°'V reside! 



\:)'>'° 



I P.r,- "'"an. 

"° «"cai;o„a, !,"='"-''>er„enl 

"""""'ng ml '"'"^ order 1 

'■ Sensral c 

' ''*" ">= Itn.Va 
'° comply, I 



tms time 
something 
DIFFERED 
on campu 




7"'Zy" 



a, °'"B*'J:''"»id';h,. manarj^rricnl IS ™^ ""'Jed'-thTmanTemcnt has Cemerl 

;^^'; Corker... "Any js'i^LT^ wblm'' jo'™ "'o' .ur •i-.c. -d 

promises I have made '°''''="°'^°[_y''^,,';j'''!;;;".;;.,I'^';'°n d,^°y''iMt 



INTRODUCING 

THE STUDE» 
ORGANIZINI 
PROJECT 

n nrnrrrjim to SBCUre tl 



A program 
collecti"' 



orogiaia to secure the riQ 
llective bargaining for stti 
tiie University of Massachu 

program to establish 

a student ui 

:,nq to Corker, "Manage. 



iWS^ ivOWSV '^WSV' <Vi®l«l®V' <V©W©y e^MSSv V®W(5V <Vi®l«®i>,» «<i®t'.l©V t^W^V Me)W(s5iV' 



"I take the future of the University 
" that is, its public and governmen- 
tal support, to be relatively secure. I 
am concerned that the shape and 
..pirit fit the 1970's and not be left 
iiehind." President Robert Wood. 
quoted in the 1971 Index, p. 105. 

'In particular, we want to make 
sure that under the pressure of ex- 
panding demands for admission and 
commitments for construction, we do 
not build a large but obsolete Univer- 
sity. A design for the 1950s will not 
do in the 1970s." ibid. 




\ 




" . . one of the central issues 
facing us (is) whether the Univer- 
sity is to be an institution which 
remains relatively isolated and 
protected from the storms of criti- 
cal social protest, or is to become 
an active participant in the rebirth 
and development of a more hu- 
manistic society, sensitive to the 
needs of the people it serves, both 
on and off campus." Vice Chancel- 
lor R<^)bert Gage, quoted in the 
1971/ndex:, p. 101. 

(Continuing in relation to the 
Indochina war) "Almost daUy we 
see that support for it is based 
upon blind defense of false values 
and an incredible inability to 
share information and aspirations 
openly, honestly, and without dis- 
tortion." ibid 

The Student Organizing Project 
was founded in the spring of 1974 
with the goal of establishing a union 
for students at UMass/Amherst. Be- 
cause the concept of a student union 
was a new one in this country, the 
first months of the Project's existence 
were spent researching the feasibility 
and legality of such an undertaking. 
Most of its energies were devoted to 
the development of issues and the es- 
tablishment of component parts of 
the union during the fail semester of 
1974, and in the spring of 1975 focus 
shifted to acquainting students tvith 
the effects of state and universitv at 
tioils on the future or the Univeisitv 
\ and the relevance of collective bar 
: gaining to these issues. 

The Project is funded out of stu 
dent activities monies and is over 
seen b\ a standing committee of t 
Student Senate. The Student Org 
izmg Committee is composed of n 
I presentatives from the student sen- 
jate, the area governments, the cam- 
I pus media, SGA officers, and mter- 
iested students. The Committee la 
^ charged w?ith supervising the Project > 
staff of full- and part-time organ izeis 
[ and coordinating the unionization 
drive. 

i Among the actions of the Project 
: during 1974-75 were: conducting 
I training sessions for organizers dur- 
I ing summer session and intersession, 
I development of a collective bargain- 
ing policy for students, a set of hear- 



ings on on- and ofl -campus housing 
conditions, assisting m setting uj) 
food stamp program tor students o 
campus, and acting as an «.i'f..:>. 
for students whenever sa 
was needed. 

In addition, the Student Organiz- 
ing Project was instrumental in the 
founding of the Union of Student 
Employees, a labor union to protect 
student workers from exploitation by 
the University. It also helped set up 
the second all-student credit union in 
the country as well as a stereo and 
record co-op and a motorcycle co-op. 
At the start of spring semester the 
Project published the Whole Univer- 
sity Catalog, a guide to educational 
alternatives at the University. 

Through the Financial Rights Or- 
ganization, the Student Organizing 
Project provided counseling and ad- 
vocacy for students who found them- 
selves in danger of being forced out of 
college by rising educational costs, 
and printed the Student Guide to 
Economic Survival, a handbook on 
financial aid problems for students. 

In the spri-ng of 1975, the Project 
introduced a collective bargaining 
proposal through the SGA for referal 
to the trustees This proposed change 
in the University reg-ulations would 
provide students with the right to 
bargain collectively over issues that 
concern them 

While this first attempt at estab 
lishmg a student union will not TCfl< n 
completion by the end of the i 
1975 academic vear there is 'i 
doubt that the concept of Unionizi 
tion will move r i i > i 

ne-^< lew sears 




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For Roister Doister this has been a year of experimen- 
tation, a year of change, and yet, a year upholding tra- 
dition. 
1^ For only the second time in its 65 year history, Roister 
Doisters Drama Society has presented three separate 
productions during the course of one school year. This 
?. year the group has presented "The Martyrdom of Peter 
^ Ohey" in October 1974, "Adaptation/Next" in January- 
February 1975, and an original musical, "Dickie the 
Dam and the Big Blue River" in May 1975. In present- 
ing "Dickie the Dam" itself, the Society has upheld a 
tradition of presenting original works by students, fa- 
culty or alumni of the university. While Roister Doister 
does not generally present musical, they have done so in 
I the past. 

Roister Doisters Drama Society is an RSO student 
group formed in 1910. Prior to that, dramatic presenta- 
tions had been class affairs and had not represented the 
whole college. One night in January 1910, a group of 
men banded together in the chapel to form the coUege 
dramatic group, "Massachusetts Agriculural College 
Dramatic Society." The following year the name was 
changed to its present one, after the title of the first 
English comedy, "Ralph Roister Doister" — the words 
"roister doister" meaning "rough necks". 

The group presented its first show in 1911, a three act 
farcial comedy entitled, "The Private Secretary". 
Through 1920 the group continued to present largely 
farces and once, Shakespeare's "The Comedy of Er- 
rors," since there were still only men attending the 
school and they portrayed the women's roles. Augustus 
Thomas' "The Witching Hour" presented in 1920 be- 
came the first show to use women in the women's parts, 
allowing the group to expand to other dramatic forms 
other than farces. Since 1920 the group has presented a 
wide diversity of shows, from comedies such as "Our 
Town" (1939), "Teahouse of the August Moon" (1957), 
and "Barefoot in the Park" (1968) to dramas such as 
"The Crucible" (in 1956 and 1973), and "Look 
Homeward Angel" (1960) to seven of Shakespeare's 
> plays, including "Macbeth" (1929) and "Othello" 
(1936). 

Among their shows have been original works written 
by students, faculty, or alumni of the university since 
1913 when they presented an original farce called "What 
Happened to Jones". The group has also premiered nu- 
merous dramas written by Frank Prentice Rand when he 
was Director for the Society. They have performed in a 
variety of locations — Bowker Auditorium, Hampden 
y^niri^ rVrn irons, and on top of the Campus Center 
^^pr most recent productions have been 







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"Waiting for Godot" in 1970, "Chronicles of Hell" in 
1971, and "Five-Way Overlay" in 1974. 

Roister Doister has the ability to present as many 
shows as its members and the public wish to support. 
This year the enthusiasm to present more than the re- 
cent traditions's one show per year, culminated in three 
productions, all directed, staffed and performed by stu- 
dents of UMass. 

The first play, "The Martydom of Peter Obey" by 
Slawomir Mrozek was presented October 23-26 in 
Hampden Dining Commons. The story of one man and 
his family who one day awake to find a tiger living in 
their bathroom, was complete with jugglers, acrobats 
and clowns, plus other members of a circus ensemble. 

"Adaptation/Next", presented January 30, 31 and Fe- 
bruary 1 in Bowker Auditorium, was an Off-Broadway 
hit comedy. The show consists of two one-act comedies, 
"Adaptation" by Elaine May and "Next" by Terrence 
McNally. "Adaptation" is the story of a television game 
show and one of its contestants who must re-live a per- 
son's life from birth through death during the course of 
the show. "Next" is the story of a 45 year old man who 
is drafted and receives his physical at the mercy of sm 
lady sergeant who will not listen to his complaints. m 

Unfortunately, the day before opening. Roister Bols- 
ters found it would not be able to present "Next". This 
play has only two characters in its plot. The day prior 
to the opening, the actor performing the draftee, slipped 
on ice and broke his ankle, becoming unable to walk or 
perform. It had been hoped that "Next" would be pre- 
sented a little later in the semester, but that never ma-a 
terialized due to other conflicts. m 

"Dickie the Dam and the Big Blue River" rounded' 
out the year for Roister Doisters May 1-3 in Bartlett 
Auditorium. An original "masonary" musical by T.| 
Dunning Keegan, the play is the story of a dam iiil 
search of a river. It tells a story of power and nature.^"' 
While there was a written script prior to rehearsals, the 
play was developed to its final state through improvisa- 
tions. And UMass wiU not be its only performance loca- 
tion. In June this year the musical will be presented for 
for children at the Boston Music Hall, as part of the 
activities sponsored by one of the candidates running for 
mayor of Boston. 

A year of experiments, problems, change and tradi- 
tion, 1975 was a year of a new step in a new direction for 
Roister Doisters Drama Society, a new step towards 
more productions to provide more opportunities for an- 
yone in the Five College community who may be inter- 
ested in participating in a show in any capacity. 



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Upon arrival at the campus of Massa- 
chusetts Agricultural College in Oc- 
tober, 1867, the thirty-four freshmen of 
the Pioneer Class were promptly in- 
formed of the rules and regulations. One 
requirement was manual labor without 
pay. Those who wished could collect 
12 '/2 cents an hour for overtime and the 
person who earned the most money was 
adjudged the best scholar in the class. 

Another requirement was attendance 
at Sunday worship. The class was 
marched in a column to the old Amherst 
College chapel where they were ushered 
into the gallery. 

Led by a pair of rebels, William H. 
Bowker and William Wheeler, both of 
whom later became trustees of the col- 
lege, the members of the Pioneer Class 
went on strike to protest these two re- 
quirements. On the first occasion, they 
refused to march to the Amherst College 
chapel on a morning when the thermo- 
meter stood at 100 degrees in the shade, 
and later they staged a mass protest 
against involuntary manual labor. Hap- 
pily, cool heads prevailed and both 
uprisings were settled by diplomatic 
and friendly compromise measures. The 
Almighty was properly acknowledged 
and the task of improving the campus 
did not grind to a halt. 

Members of the Pioneer Class had no 
quarrel with religion in an academic 
setting, only with the manner in which 
it was presented. Of newly elected 
Henry W. Parker from Iowa College, 
professor of mental, moral and social 
science, and college preacher the 1870 
INDEX said: "We welcomed with joy 
the advent of our new professor in 
science, and chaplain whom we could 
call our own." 

Evidences of concern for religion on 
the campus — though changing in form 
and expression — began early and con- 
tinue to the present. 

In 1884, at a cost of $31,000, a build- 
ing of granite quarried in Pelham was 
constructed to house the chapel and the 
jibrary. A year later, a tower with its 



familiar clock was added. It was con- 
sidered the finest building on the cam- 
pus. Now it is dwarfed by the adjacent 
26 story library and no longer serves any 
ecclesiastical function, but its deep- 
toned bell tolls the hours just as it did 
nearly a century ago. 

When the college population outgrew 
the chapel seating capacity, services 
were transferred to Bowker auditorium 
in Stockbridge Hall, built in 1915. Con- 
cerning this era, a member of the class 
of '26, a star athlete in college and now 
a retired doctor, reports that chapel at- 
tendance was required three mornings a 
week and once a month on Sundays. He 
does not recall enjoying chapel — ex- 
cept once, when a trombonist from Paul 
Whiteman's famous jazz band "played 
the most beautiful solo I have ever 
heard." 

A member of the wartime class of '43, 
currently on the faculty, had this to say: 
"Chapel attendance was not required in 
my day but the second floor auditorium 
of the Old Chapel was used for vesper 
services every Sunday — it was a good 
place to take a date." 

Piety and romance have long been 
congenial companions and, in this in- 
stance, the economic factor played a fa- 
miliar undergraduate role. 

None of the students interviewed for 
this article has ever been inside the old 
chapel. If they were to go, they would 
find no vespers in the bare, stripped- 
down, unattractive interior of the sec- 
ond floor now used only by the band to 
practice. 

Umies can now be found attending 
church services of the major denomina- 
tions on and near the campus, but more 
are apt to go when they return to their 
homes. Some attend because they really 
want to, but more go chiefly to please 
their families. 

Religion might be a "stabilizing in- 
fluence"; it might "bring comfort" to 
those who need it; it is a laudable "iden- 
tification with the past"; but it is best 
expressed and fulfilled in "good works 




and good living". 

Students at M.A.C. in the earlier de- 
cades would have agreed with this point 
of view. In the 1870's, they formed the 
College Christian Union and in the 80's, 
the YMCA to promote worthwhile acti- 
vities and good deeds on and off :the= 
campus. Conventional religious meet- 
ings were losing what little popularity 
they ever enjoyed. When the faculty in 
1899 favored making chapel attendance 
voluntary, "Aggie Life" applauded with 
the comments, "a step from the dark 
ages . . . compulsory chapel smacks too 
much of medievalism." 

The re-institution of involuntary at- 
tendance at divine worship — even if 
there were a structure large enough to, 
house such a huge congregation — 
would be unthinkable and unacceptable 
to students now on campus. Opposed, 
as they surely are, to compulsory reli- 
gious observances and indifferent, as 
they seem to be, to organized and con- 
ventional recognition of the Divine in- 
vinveriieht in the affairs and destiny of 
humanity, today's student — like his 
predecessor — does not categorically 
deny affirmations of faith. He, or she, 
simply wants the perfectly reasonable 
option of making a personal, uncoerced 
decision about participation in such 
matters. 

When the question of opening the 
sessions of Congress with prayer to God 
was being debated at the Constitutional 
Convention in 1781, Benjamin Franklin 
— certainly no great churchman — 
asked, "If a sparrow cannot fall to the 
ground without His notice, can a nation 
rise to greatness without his help?" 

The heads of many students on cam- 
pus might well be imagined nodding as- 
sent to the implications of Franklin's 
question — both then and now. 

Likewise, concensus among students 
on campus strongly suggests that sin- 
cere religious convictions are best au- 
thenticated by good deeds and honest 
living — both then and now. 




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Gilbert and Sullivan's "Pirates 
of Penzance" . . . four perfor- 
mances ... 2,700 total attendance 
5,200 in ticket sales ... a 
$2,800 profit . . . there's no way 
the University of Massachusetts 
Music Theatre Guild is dead! 

Yet, when the Guild lost all 
funding in April 1974 and the core 
group 6f students who had run the 
organization for several years gra- 
duated or moved away, some peo- 
ple thought that was the end. 

UMass Music Theatre Guild is a 
student group, unaffiliated with 
the Theatre Department. It is 
open for membership and partici- 
pation in its productions from an- 
yone in the Five College Commun- 
ity. In existence for 39 years, the 
Guild has presented 53 produc- 
tions — 49 different shows and 
four repeats of favorites (Gilbert 
and Sullivan's "The Mikado" in 
1939 and 1944, "Guys and Dolls" 
in 1962 and 1969, "The Three 
Penny Opera" in 1963 and 1971, 
"Pirates of Penzance" in 1942 and 
1975). 

Among these 53 shows. Music 
Theatre Guild has presented five 
collegiate world premiers of Broad- 
way hits — "Brigadoon" in 1951, 
"The Vagabond King" in 1953, 
"Carousel" in 1954, "South Paci- 
fic" in 1956, and "Pipe Dream" in 
1958. The Guild, in conjunction 
with the University Choral, has 
produced one world amateur (as 
well as world collegiate) premier 
— Kurt Weill's "Lost in the 
Stars" in 1953. And in 1960, Buffy 
St. Marie starred in an original 
musical, "Thunder in the Hills", 
performed by the Guild while she 
was a student at UMass. 

Music Theatre Guild thus has a 
rich history dating back to 1936 
when the Men's and Women's 
Glee Clubs and the Orchestra un- 
ited to present Gilbert and Sulli- 
van's "Trial by Jury". This began 
an eight year tradition of the pre- 
sentation of William S. Gilbert 
and Arthur Sullivan operettas by 
the groups. With the production of 
Humperdi-ck's "Hansel and Gre- 
»' ir. If) I I !' combined groups 




!®W<SV v®l«iS^ <yi©l'»®V <v®i")®v <v!®M(sV v®MS5n 

began presenting works by other 
composers. 

"The Red Mill", performed by 
the groups in 1947, became the 
first time a Broadway show had 
ever been brought to this area by 
an amateur company. Following 
its tremendous success, an official 
student group, the Operetta Guild, 
was formed. The group existed 
under this name until about 1971 
when the title was changed to the 
University of Massachusetts Mu- 
sic Theatre Guild. 

With Cole Porter's "Anything 
Goes" in 1948, the Operetta Guild 
began producing the modern mu- 
sicals which have largely charac- 
terized its existence since. From 
1936 to 1963, Operetta Guild's 
advisor and director of its produc- 
tions was Doric Alviani of the Mu- 
sic Department. It was Alviani 
who kept abreast of which Broad- 
way shows were soon to be released 
for amateur performances and six 
times snatched the first collegiate 
rights for the Operetta Guild in 
the 1950's. 

In the 1950's the Guild also bgg. 



Niipnm^i||iPPlP|pil 

gan doing off-campus perfor^ 
mances sponsored by area alumni 
groups, such as the UMass Berk- 
shire Alumni or the Franklin 
County or Springfield Alumni. 
Money earned by these perfor- 
mances went towards scholarships 
for UMass Students from these 
areas. Shows performed during the 
1950's and 1960's included "The 
Student Prince" (1952), "Damn 
Yankees" (1959), "The Music 
Man" (1963), "Kiss Me Kate" 
(1965), and "Annie Get Your Gun" 
(1968). 

Through mid-1969. Operetta 
Guild was a recognized Student 
Organization, under the jurisdic- 
tion of the Student Senate. Alth- 
ough its shows were generally well 
received by their audiences, at 
times they were great successes, 
profitwise, and at times they wer- 
en't. In the 1960's, Operetta Guild 
gradually fell into debt until 1969 
when the UMass Fine Arts Council 
decided to help the group out by 
financing their productions. "Guys 
and Dolls", presented in the fall of 
1969 was the first show performed 
under the auspices of the Fine Arts 
Council. The Operetta Guild con- 
tinued to receive funding for four 
years, through its recent produc- 
tions which 1975 graduates will re- 
member, "Stop the World, I Want 
to Get Off in the fall of 1971 and 
"Lock Up Your Daughters", 
"Company" and "Dames at Sea" 
in April of 1972, 1973, and 1974, 
respectively. 

J In the Spring 1974, faced with a 




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limited amount of funds, the Fine 
Arts Council had to cut back on 
the number of programs which 
they could support in the upcom- 
ing year. The Fine Arts Council 
told Music Theater Guild officers 
it no longer would be able to fin- 
ance its productions. On the aver- 
age, the Council had provided 
about $3,000 for each show and 
lost about $1,000 on each. At this 
time the Guild used to pay salaries 
to those people who held impor- 
tant production staff positions on 
a particular show, such as Direc- 
tor, Musical Director, Set, Light- 
ing and Costume Designers, etc. 
While its shows earned about 
$2,000 in ticket sales, the Guild 
never earned enough money to 
cover the estimated $1,100 worth 
of salaries given which was what 
the Fine Arts Council lost each 
year. Had the salaries not been gi- 
ven, the Guild, on the average, 
would have either broken even or 
shown profit for its shows. How- 
ever, this wasn't the case and the 
Council rightfully told Music 
Theater Guild it could no longer 
sustain such a continuing loss. 

Faced with no funding prospects 
and the graduation in 1974 of 
many people who had been core 
leaders of the Guild, a couple of 
members were determined not to 
let Music Theater Guild die. New 
members were recruited, new of- 
ficers elected, and last fall the 
group again became a Recognized 
Student Organization under the 
Student Senati 



tion was passed, including a provi- 
sion for no more salaries to be paid 
to anyone. Everyone working on 
productions in any capacitie would 
have to do so for their own inter- 
ests, opportunities or to further 
personal theater education — not 
for money. 

The group still needed to find 
funding with which to present a 
show and become financially inde- 
pendent with the profits earned. A 



proposal was drawn up and 
members went to various campus 
groups to seek loans with which to 
fund a production this spring. Mu- 
sic Theater Guild received a total 
of $1,600 in loans from six campus 
organizations which it gratefully 
acknowledges — Central Area As- 
sembly, Commuter Assembly, 
Greek Council, Program Council, 
Southwest Assembly, Sylvan As- 
sembly, and UMass Arts Council. 




With these loans as a base, the 
Guild was able to obtain the rest of 
the money which it needed 
through anticipated ticket sales. 

In 1975, the one hundreth anni- 
versary of public performances of 
Gilbert and Sullivan operettas. 
Music Theater Guild decided to 
present "Pirates of Penzance" for 
a variety of reasons. The main 
consideration was that there were 




no royalties to be paid since the 
operetta was written in the 1890's. 
Also, the show requires a large cast 
which would allow many people to 
be involved with the production 
and hopefully, the Guild itself, af- 
terwards. 

"Pirates of Penzance" was an 
overwhelming success as the figure 
stated earlier shows. In terms of 
ticket sales, this show earned more 
money than any production in the 
Guild's history. All loans were 
paid back and Music Theater 
Guild earned enough to become a 
financially self-supporting organi- 
zation for the first time. The Guild 
even received two donations of 
$100 each while the production 
was still in rehearsal stages. With 
earnings, attendance and support 
from students and community as 
there has been this year, it appears 
the gloomy days for UMass Music 
Theater Guild are passed. 



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Fifteen thousand women go to the Everywoman's Center each year. What is it and why do they go? Local 
groups began action on some of their, ideas in September 1972 at the University of Massachusetts with the 
founding of the Everywoman's Center. People from Continuing Education, Provost's Office, Student 
Affairs, and Administrative Services provoked this move in better opportunities for women. The Center's' 
objective can be more precisely stated as: "We felt strongly that it must be our job to enable every woman 
to fenter a community of support and encouragement; to challenge the foundations of sexism; to find 
meaningful work." The structure of the Center consists of various work groups, each of which is self- 
governed. The Center Group discusses those matters concerning everyone. The core of the Everywoman's 
Center _is its work groups, because they are concerned with the needs of many of the women in the area. 
These work groups have taken into consideration the needs of women and created programs meeting the 
various needs. The Counseling Work Group consists of professional feminist counselors prepared to talk to 
any woman with a problem concerning roles and society. They help women to feel their self-worth and not 
to feel isolated from the world because they rejected the traditional role of women. The Counseling Group 
does not concentrate solely on the personal growth of the individual, but also on educational and career 
decision making. The Feminist Arts Program is a group of women determined to take action for the artistic 
expressions of women. They are presently publishing a bi-annual arts publication. A play production, 
poetry readings, a local women's art show, and the first National Woman's Poetry Festival in 1974 are some 
of the results of the program's work. The Employment for Women Work Group is ultimately designed to 
eliminate societal prejudices against the female. Specifically, they deal with work and educational prob- 
lems. The Educational Alternatives Work Group is in response to the lack of educational course offerings 
to the woman. They create programs to fulfill the women's educational needs. Project Self and Everywo- 
man's Rhetoric are only two of these programs currently offeried through the Center. 

The Poor Women's Task Force is designed to provide higher education for poor women who desire it. The 
Work Group is attempting to provide these women with a better chance to continue their education. The 
Center is trying to press the university and the welfare system into a greater awareness concerning the poor 




^1^ 






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After a long, hard struggle, stu- 
dent/parents of North Village 
Children's Center finally succeed- 
ed in becoming part of the Univer- 
sity Child Care System in Sep- 
tember, 1974 — thinking that this 
would mean somewhat smooth 
sailing from thereon in. However, 
they are finding that they are still 
struggling and that in some ways 
the road is rougher. 

An interviewer asks the Center's 
director, "How does it feel to final- 
ly be a recognized part of the Uni- 
versity?" 

The director develops a con- 
torted face. 

"Well," she says, "if we weren't, 
I wouldn't have to go to so many 
meetings (frown). Do you know 
that when we have a parents' 
meeting here at the Center, what- 
ever has to be decided, gets decid- 
ed in ten minutes? At Whitmore, 
it's like the round vs. the square 
Irs. t)ie oblong table. It takes four 
ireek. ■ '^ ide whether to use the 
(word c i, mate', 'collocate', 're- 

ilate', Iv .. about 'procrastin- 



iiSV" iv®MCsV <v®f"i(BV v^wSV <v®i«iCsV iy®M©v 
ate'?" 

"And the forms! You wouldn't 
believe the forms! Fill out this. Fill 
out that. And by the way the 
deadline is 8 a.m. tomorrow. 
Meanwhile, it's 5 o'clock tonight." 
"Well, at least the Center is in a 
better financial state now, isn't it? 
"Well, it's better than it was. 
But it's by no means as good as it 
could be, or rather, ought to be. 
Did you know the University of 
Massachusetts has us budgeted for 
rent next year? And Dr. Gage says 
we won't be getting any more 
money than we received this year. 
Rent hasn't been an expense this 
year. Meanwhile, the costs of sup- 
plies and equipment are going up. 
The price of food is going up. Par- 
ent fees are going up. Everything 
but UMass funds are going up!" 

"I saw some ads up for a benefit 
puppet show for the Center. Are 
you trying to raise funds for next 
year?" 

"Next year! Are you kidding? 
Try this summer!" 
"You're not getting funded this 



<Vi®W®V e<i®MSis9 V®W®S5 c*®*!®!^ <V®('I<S>, 

summer?" 

"Are you kidding? We're not 
getting enough funds for next year, 
never mind the summer! We're 
raising it ourselves. The money, 
that is. Maybe we'll even raise the 
summer! As it is we're raising the 
roof. No seriously, we've had tag 
sales and bake sales and kids' art 
sales. We're giving a puppet show 
and holding a crafts auction, a 
merchants auction and we've been 
making proposals to just about 
every organization we can think of. 
Hey, can I put in a plug here?" 

"Sure." 

"Thank you members of the 
Graduate Student Senate, the Ve- 
terans' Coalition, the Commuter 
Assembly, and maybe the Under- 
graduate Student Senate, if they 
help, too. So far we've received 
$600 from the aforementioned." 

"How much more do you have to 
go?" 

"Oh, about $800. We'll do it. 
We're a very determined, high en- 
ergy group, you know." 





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"I hear the Office for Commuter 
Affairs will shortly be defunct. 
Aren't you part of that office?" 

"My, you're up on the latest 
news on Day Care. Yes, we're 
under that office. It's our um- 
brella, being blown away, so to 
speak. And we don't know what 
office we'll be under next year. 
Probably somewhere in Student 
Affairs. By the way, no one in Stu- 
dent Affairs wants us. We're push- 
ing for an office directly under the 
Chancellor. There are five child 
care centers on campus. Six, if you 
include Skinner, although that's a 
lab school. And no office to man- 
age them. What's really needed is 



our own office with a coordinator 
— someone to manage us all. But 
I don't really want to talk about 
this: I could go on and on. Would 
you like to know something about 
our program?" 

"I have this program description 
you gave me. Arrival — 8:30, Free 
play — 8:45, Indoor work period — 
9:00 ..." 

"That's a description of a kind 
of model day. We vary with moods 
and interests to a certain degree. If 
it's a beautiful day like today, 
we'll go out and take a walk for 
awhile. We also have a fair 
amount of field trips. Sometimes 
we even have movies." 

"What is the school's philo- 
sophy?" 

"Why don't you ask me our ob- 
jectives? Philosophy scares me. 
The word, that is. Briefly, we 
strive to encourage the children to 
think positively, to respect them- 
selves, to be creative, to be cur- 
ious, to experiment, to cooperate. 
You know, all the good things. 
What we really have here is a lot 



of parent involvement and con- 
cern. Staff involvement and con- 
cern. Lots of positive energy ever- 
ywhere, lots of love. A real sense of 
community. That is not to say we 
don't have our problems. We do. 
And we work on them." 

"Well, listen, I have to go and 
help prepare snack, (background 
voices chorus, 'It's snack time!' 
Children appear from every- 
where.) Why don't you interview 
Kiki, and get a child's opinion?" 

"Hi!" says the interviewer. 
"You come to school here a 
don't you?" 

"Yes," replies Kiki, age 3, 

"Why?" 

"Because on school d; 
mother wants to take me here.' 

"Do you like it here?" 

"Yes." 

"Why?" 

"Because I like to play with the 
children." 

"What do you like to do here?" 

"Make a picture for my mother 
, . . pause . . . and cookies. I like to 
make cookies." 




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How can you get cheaply priced 
grains, fresh fruit and vegetables, 
cheeses, milk, eggs, yogurt, bread, 
canned goods, and dry goods? 
While starting a farm of your own 
might result in some of these, a 
more feasible solution is to do your 
shopping at the People's Market. 
If you are stuck on campus and 
must rely on campus food outlets, 
if you are disgusted with the high 
prices the local supermarkets are 
charging, and if you would rather 
see money going to students as op- 
posed to large conglomerates, you 
should check into People's Mar- 
ket. 

What makes People's Market so 
special? It's a student-run cooper- 
ative that is basically non-profit 

id differs from the traditional 
jerative because everyone in 

le I'M s community is a 

lember. it ; . !(>cated on the main 

'•lion. There i 



are thirteen paid student em- 
ployees, each of whom is in charge 
of a different department, along 
with a coordinator (the only non- 
student employee). There is no 

hierarchy and decisions are made 
collectively. Each person is re- 
sponsible for ordering merchandise 
for his department, but the pricing 
and shelving is done collectively. 

Ill r^i 




Although they are paid, each con- 
tributes much additional non-paid 
working time. There are also some 
volunteers. This year, the Agricul- 
tural Fraternity, Alpha Zeta, in- 
cluded as part of its pledge a pro- 
mise that members would volun- 
teer working time at the People's 
Market. Volunteers are always 
welcome since there is never lack 
of work. The prices of the People's 
Market are not as low as might 
seem possible, since it orders 
smaller quantities than do the lo- 
cal supermarkets. Students don't 
seem to be as apt to shoplift from 
there as from supermarkets. In 
fact, many contributions are made 
to the "Munchy Box" when stu- 
dents eat some nuts or grains while 
they shop. A place that is so easily 
accessible, has low prices, provides 
satisfying work for some students, 
and benefits the UMass commun- 
ity should not be overlooked. m 



Loni 




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iVi®HlSV' vi®l"lS5iy5 ivi®W(SV (V^WSV V®W®S5 
"Put your feet out!" shouts 
the jump master, pointing to a 
sorry-looking piece of two-by- 
four jutting out from the plane. 
You numbly comply. 

"Now get out!" he yells over 
the noise of the wind and the 
engine. With some maneuvering 
you stand outside the Cess, 
holding on to the wj 
where the paint has B^WWO! 
thin from the death grip of 
hundreds of other students. You 
look down, and then straight 
ahead again, very 
cause it's the firs 
have stood somewh'e^i^'" with 
2800 feet of nothing below you, 
and you're not sure you care for 
the view. 

"Go!", and a hand slaps you 
hard on the leg, and you think, 
"Me?!!" Even as you reflexively 
release the plane and everyth- 
ing secure you've ever known, 
you think "What the hell am I 
doing here; my God, this feels 
wierd." Maybe you remembfr 




q^ick. 



eWSliilSV iy®l"l(S5!y5 <v®W(sVi <V®l"l(sV ivi®(«l(sV' v®W®V 
to count like they told you to on 
the ground, and if you do you 
feel a jerk through your body 
just as you reach "Six ..." and 
you know you're chute has 
opened and you're safe and 
you're not going to die after all. ,,„ 
w all you have to do is hang 
;he air for two minutes, en- 
joying the view and trying to 
maneuver to the target until 
you hit the ground with a thud 
an.d crumble into a ball. You 
if up, pack the chute, shout 
everybody how good it was, 
and ask when you can do it 
again. The adrenalin slowly 
evaporates from your system 
and you know you've just exper- 
ienced the second best feeling in 
the world. 

For over ten years the UMass 
Sport Parachute Club has been 
throwing people out of airplanes 
for the first time, and providing 
facilities, instruction and equip- 
ment for those who decide to 
continue in the sport. Conduct- 



e/®«l(SSys <V®(»l(sVi «<fi®l«l®V= 'Vl®(«l®V' V®!'!® 

ing ground school classes on 
campus during the week, the 
club centers its activities on 
weekends at Turner's Falls Air- 
port- 

On any good weather Satur- 
day or Sunday, airborne UMies 
can be found hanging around at 
the airport, anxious to spend 
their last ten bucks on an exper- 
ience that lasts, at best, 3 min- 
utes. 

Established and equipped by 
a grant from RSO, the club has 
been self-sufficient, depending 
upon dues and instruction fees 
to provide the least expensive 
jumpinajBailable in New Eng- 
land, w 

The'llub sends jumpers to 
the Nj^nal Collegiate Compe- 
tition every November, and 
members compete informally 
with other clubs and jumpers 
throughout the area during the 
year. 




^k 




I Over 8200 students and faculty 

members participated in the var- 
ious individual and team sports of- 
I fered by the Intramural Depart- 
I ment. Touch football, basketball, 
and Softball were the most popular 
of the men's sports, while most wo- 
men picked Softball. 

Tau Epsilon Phi won the cam- 
pus football championship for the 
third year in a row, while Beta 
I Kappa Phi captured the softball 
i and soccer trophies. In the wo- 
men's categories, "Squad" cap- 
tured the touch football crown; the 
"Banana Boats" reigned in volley- 
ball; the "Swishers" won, appro- 
priately enough, the basketball ti- 
tle; "All or Nothing" were softball 
champs; and "BSL" kicked their 
way to the top in soccer. 

The men's basketball crown 
went to the "Bongers", who subse- 
quently played and defeated the 
intramural champs from the Uni- 
versity of New Hampshire. Phi 
Sigma Kappa was the best in vol- 
leyball, and Phi Mu Delta took 
home the wrestling trophies. 

The JQA Plumpers were award- 
ed the Chancellor's Cup (out- 
standing residential area team) 
and the Ruth Totman Trophy 
(All-Campus Champions). 

The Buckeyes won the Provost's 
Cup (outstanding independent 
team) and the Stephen Davis 
Trophy (Men's All-Campus 
Champs). 

The Olympus Cup went to Phi 
Mu Delta, the outstanding frater- 
nity team; Sigma Alpha Mu re- 
ceived the Athenian Cup as the 
outstanding sorority team. 

The men's Chancellor's Cup 
went to the Washington Terrors 
and the women's Provost's Cup 
was won by the Pumas. 




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A Doonesbury cartoon in the 
Boston Globe illustrated perfectly 
what most of the UMass commun- 
ity knows about Asians. It showed 
a foreign Chinese student eating 
sukiyaki (a Japanese dish) in the 
dining commons with a friend. An- 
I other student sitting across from 
them complimented the Chinese 
student by saying, "Chinese are 
great cooks. I love sukiyaki." 

The reaction from the Chinese 
student was, "Sukiyaki is Japan- 
ese, not Chinese." 

The American student replied 
with a puzzled look, "Boy, the 
Chinese are really good cooks. I 
love sukiyaki." 

The poor Chinese student bur- 
ied his head in his hands in frus- 
tration. 

Probably every single Asian stu- 
dent has had a similar experience. 
Not only do Asians students feel 
it, but Asian student groups feel it, 
too. The Chinese Student Associa- 
;tion, the Japan-America Club, 
and the Asian-American Students 
Association are all different groups 
with different purposes. They are 
not interchangeable! 

The Chinese Student Associa- 
tion was founded by foreign Chin- 
ese students in 1964 to "encourage 
and promote academic achieve- 
ments and to harmonize social 
lives on campus and in the com- 
munity". 

The CSA is mostly a social 
group where Chinese foreign stu- 
dents, a few Chinese-Americans 
and other people interested in the 
Chinese people and culture, can 




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get together for parties, picnics, 
etc. The group sponsors events like 
China Nite, movies about Taiwan 
and Chinese traditions and the In- 
ternational Fair. Most of their bu- 
siness is conducted in Mandarin. 
Sometimes English is used for 
their meetings if there are enough 
people present who do not speak 
Mandarin. 

The Japan-America Club did 
not start with foreign Asian stu- 
dents founding it, but with first- 
year Japanese language students, 
in 1972, who wanted an opportun- 
ity to meet foreign Japanese stu- 
dents. It is more academically 
oriented than the Chinese Student 
Association. 

The goals of the Japan-America 
Club include: "The promotion of a 
cultural interchange between Ja- 
pan and America; the organization 
tries to provide extra-curricular 
activities and study about Japan- 
ese arts, traditions, culture, and 
politics." Their business meetings 
are conducted in English. The 
Japan-America Club often spon- 
sors Japanese movies on campus 
and takes part in the International 
Fair and similar events. 

The Asian-American Students 



Association was conceived by 
Asian-American students in 1973 
and immediately ran into prob- 
lems. The Student Senate, along 
with many on campus, appeared 
to be very confused on the neces- 
sity for an Asian-American group 
focused on the needs of these stu- 
dents when there were foreign 
Asian groups liiie the two before- 
mentioned. 

The Asian-American Students 
Association's goals are quite differ- 
ent than the other groups: "to pro- 
vide deeper understanding of cul- 
tural aspects to the community; to 
facilitate the development of 
Asian-American studies; to strive 
for an equal representation in stu- 
dent government; to facilitate so- 
cial activities within the Asian- 
American community; to provide 
a sense of unity." 

The club is more "Asian in 
America" oriented than either of 
the other Asian groups and has 
cooperated with WFCR and 
WMUA to produce radio shows 
about Asian Americans and Asian 
immigrants, their history, and 
continuing problems in American 
society. It has parties, a newsletter 
and cooperates with those who try , 




vi®("i©v 'vi®w(eV <v®M(s5v <yi®i«iS5y ivi®i«i®V 
to recruit and/or understand Asian 
students. 

Relationships among the three 
groups are loose, with the relation- 
ship between the Chinese Student 
Association and the Asian- 
American Student Association 
probably closer than between the 
latter and the Japan -American 
Club. 

Of importance, not only to 
Asian-American students at the 
University, but to all Asian- 
American students in New Eng- 
land, was the Conference of New 
England Asian -American Stu- 
dents. The conference convened 
from December 4 to December 8, 
1974, and was held in the Five Col- 
lege Community. This was the 
first conference involving Asian - 
American student concerns ever to 
be held in Western Massachusetts. 

The life of Asian-American com- 
munities like Boston's and New 
York's Chinatowns and the lives 
and concerns of Asian-American 
students, though isolated, and in 
many regards, insulated from one 
another, are simply different levels 
of what can be termed, a common 
Asian-American experience. For 
what unites them is ultimately 
more real than what seemingly 
sets them apart, the fact that both 
groups as Asian-Americans have 
been forced to endure their roles in 
the drama which is the American 
racial experience, means more by 
the time they sit with each other, 
than their particular station and 
style of life. This question of a 
common experience, whether ex- 
perience, which is largely a private 
and speechless affair, can in any 
way be called common — in any 
sense of the word — leads even- 
tually into an examination of the 
history of Asians in America. 

One has only to open the door to 
Asian- American history before one 
is made aware of the unknown 
thousands dead, of the forgotten 
Chinese and Japanese and Korean 



and Filipino immigrants who 
came here believing that America 
would embrace their huddled 
masses and allow them to breathe 
free. Instead, what awaited them 
was the exploitation of their labor 
by those who called it cheap, while 
using it to build the western rail- 
ways of this country; debasement 
of their humanity by those who 
called it heathen, in order to feed 
political sentiment of the times; 
finally, their eventual exclusion 
from, and by, a country without a 
conscience, who to this day would 
judge them foreign. The wartime 
incarceration of 110,000 Japanese 
Americans, two thirds of whom 
were American born, but neverth- 
eless were seen as the enemy, firm- 
ly attests to this bitter truth, mm 

The Asian-American student|H 
who stands isolated in his environ- ' 
ment of the mind, as well as the 
Asian- American who stands equal- ;|a 
ly isolated — and powerless — ^wk 
the world which is the Asian com- ' 
munity, share the history of gener- 
ations before them, the struggle to 
have their roots and their voices 
accepted ^ as Native. The crisis 
of Identity and the struggle for 
Human Rights are different levels 
of the same pursuit; begun over 
one hundred and twenty-five years 
ago, it is based on a Vision of a 
better world, that, for better or 
worse, is rooted hopelessly in 
America. This vision sees a day 
when the entire drama of racism in 
America stands of its final curtain; 
for then, as now, no one in Amer- 
ica escapes its effects and everyone 
in America needs to bear some re- 
sponsibility for seeing that things 
turn out alright in the end. 

The Conference of New England 
Asian-American Students enabled 
the conference participants to dis- 
cuss problems facing Asian- 
American students, as well as 
members of society and come to 
some conclusions concerning their 
lives in America. 



jncsc 

itudcnU 

v^sociaiiorL 




iW©S»e<®WSK":<®l't©->.= V®M®V c<«®W®VVitSW(S5S^«*S©W®iy ^-iUKIjjm «i!JII||ii||i|||||Pliii 



In this realistic world, man can- 
not live by himself alone. He needs 
company that he can depend on. 
He needs friends that will share 
j his joys and sorrows. It is one's 
friends' existence that make one 
feel secure. If you do not believe it, 
just try to imagine the stress and 
psychological terror that one will 
experience when one's friends dis- 
appear one by one until one is all 
alone. 
The establishment of the Chin- 
e SUidtnt Association in UMass 
a based on the reali- 

iraportance of the ex- 
< a close relationship and 
11. t;.rvvf-en Chinese fa- 
ng fellow 




most crucial doctrine of survival 
for foreign students an>'where. 

Its members include Chinese fa- 
culty, graduate and undergra- 
duates who are Chinese- 
Americans or just anyone inter- 
ested in the Chiiiese culture. Its 
members include a wide spectrum 
of nations. 

Representing the Chinese stu- 
dents and introducing our culture 
to the rest of the community are 
the main responsibilities of the As- 
sociation and its members. The In- 
ternational Fair and China Night 
are two of the Associations main 
events of the year with the theme 
of introducing the gem of Chinese 
culture to the rest of the commun- 



In an effort to promote friend- 
ship among its mem bers. the A&ho 
ciation publishes a member's dir- 
ectory every year and elects ifa 
ficials every year. 

The Chinese Students Assc 
tion is very active and has served 
a definite purpose at the Univer- 
sity. Also, its members are enthu- 
siastic, and have made it one of 
the most successful foreign stu- 
dents associations. 

Among certain members com- 
munication is minimal or almost 
none. These members just with- 
draw from, or even avoid, the rest. 
But who is to blame? Nobody 
comes here to the Association with 
the sole purpose of devoting them- 





WSV- ivi©i>i®.V' <v©W®M ivi®f"i{3V' v®WS>\ 

The [nternational Kjh >-. (j1i^ or 
few opportunities *!> hn ^ , 
t;limpse ot dittorent a-^pecN ml j 
varielv oi c^^UltT^'-. i nu , 
campus Thih i 
who partKiDatf 
a meml)fr ol I 
("■iuhsav I he F< 

People italiv '-v. 
tracted In e\er>da\ t < 

mobl people were dU i 

table bv ihe shttc i 

Scenep oi street fe-ti^aK with uc, 
pie in gaj kmionc's the tea cv >- 
nionv. ihf Doll Festi\al r'-th"' ho 
lida% foi voung Japanese s,ni^t 
temples and gardens are some ot 
the m oat popular .sight* 

people v.h(^ oamt to f v'. '(> 
ihind the table a* (',- '^' - 




were very interesting. There's al- 
ways a few servicemen who were 
stationed in Japan and say, "I was 
stationed near so and so. Do you 
know where it is? Beautiful 
country, I'd like to go back." 

Sometimes people stop and look 
at a display of Japanese money 
and ask "How much is a yen worth 
compared to a dollar?". Or they 
look at some Japanese stamps and 
say, "I'hctse flt)wers on the stamp 
are iovelv 

^!'he children are the most fun to 
talk Willi. Mo.st kids looked at the 
shdes opened u id shut a fan a few 
limes and giggled at some pictures 
thai they thought were funny. And 
then, ab the\ turned to go, thev 
would spot the abacus. "Do yo^ 
know hovv to use that?" the^ 
would ask me 1 had to admit to 
them that I didn't, stumped, 
again' ^ 

We had our displays of Aikidop 
rue pounding and calligraphy 
and, as always ',c>irie problems. 
The nee pounding went fine; there 
Wus oientv to make "mochi", a 
1 t ,^Vi- Calligraphy went okay 

,. I ot tbt time, what can you do 

li L -i.'ll mk auvwaj? But in Ai- 

' V e haJ t'i>-^ plague of sliding 

' ' hev 'i'Ci' not held down in 

' "iu'incr, -^o evrr\ few minute§ 

were straightening them out. 

\.n AiL-traihan noman cancts 

o.ei to ralk m as She expressei 

istonishment at the ignorance 61 

,(imf \tnericans Not because they 

don't know Ansiiaiha's history or 

geography but "They want tM 

know if v\e ^peak English, Wha^ 

ke w(-uld we speak''". 

People might learn a few things 
bv talking to citizens of foreign 
countries at the Intei national Fair 
and catching a glimpse of the cul- 
lui ^ f {ff • f-d ]y I' h < luntry 



ISibcr'^iorL 

wcc 






Sonia Sanchez, reading her poetry. 



Brother Hit; Black of Attica Now. 



Mrs. Shirley DuBois and Mrs. Radwa Ashour viewing and exhibit 
depicting U.S. Concentration Camps for Japanese-Americans during 
WWII. 



^WlSJys e^KlSV «rf®l")(sV 'vOWfSV' iv®M®y> <y:®li 
; From May 1-4, Peoples Libera- 
I tion Week was presented to the 
j, Community. Yet PLW was really 
I an organizing process which repre- 
l sented months of work and in- 
volved many people. The "PLW" 
' idea first came about as a response 
to the need for a time, place and 
process whereby people involved 
I in different aspects of the progres- 
; sive movement could come to- 
gether and share in their work and 
accomplishments. 

It was perhaps particularly ap- 
propriate that PLW should take 
j place in Southwest as it reflected 
[ the stated goals of that Residential 
I College in terms of combatting 
i various forms of oppression. Peo- 
j" pies Liberation Week was not so 
■ much a model for social change 
but rather it was meant to exem- 
plify the necessary prerequisite for 
any such model or effective acti- 
vity, addressing itself primarily to 
1 the following: 

I — Lack of cormnunication and/or 

sense of unity at a time when it is 

^ ,.pmcjial that we join forces in the 



l(S5v> ivi®l«)(SV ':i<®HISXs» Me)W®y» v®I»l©s» e/®W®0 
struggle to combat poverty, exploi- 
tation, racism, national chauvin- 
ism, political and cultural repres- 
sion, and imperialism. 

— Need for universal education, 
pride and respect in/for the var- 
ious cultural roots of the people — 
all peoples — living in North 
America. 

— Imperative: an international 
perspective — the building of in- 
ternationalist attitude and state of 
mind with regard to the struggles 
of the world's peoples for freedom, 
self-determination, justice and 
equality. 

— That people begin to make the 
connections with what's really 
happening around us and in our 
world: Attica is all of us, Chile is 
all of us, Vietnam is all of us ... 
the oppression of any person or 
peoples is for all of us to struggle 
against. 

Peoples Liberation Week in- 
volved art, dance performances, 
films, thirty workshops ranging 
from "Organizing the Unem- 
ployed" to "Third World Youth 



e^iSX'lSM Vi®W®V> iV®M®S» e.(i®l>lSV <V®W(sS! 

and the Juvenile Justice System" 
to "Asian Nations" to "Student 
Unionization" to "The Revolu- 
tionary Struggle in Chile" to^ 
"African Liberation" and man:^B 
more. The many speakers included 
Attica Brother Big Black, Dennis 
Cassin of the Official Irish Repub- 
lican Army and Nguyen Huu An 
from the liberated Republic of 
Vietnam. There were poetry read- 
ings, slide shows, a benefit for U.S. 
political prisoners, a lot of music, 
a tribute to International Workers 
Day, and Expo-Cuba, an exhibit. 

Peoples Liberation Week was in- 
tended to foster increased com- 
munication, mutual respect, and 
appreciation for cultural and ra- 
cial identity and to share with the 
community the humanitarian and 
revolutionary achievements of the 
people — a collective statement of 
our community reflecting the 
strength, beauty, and unity which 
emanate from the ongoing and 
world-wide struggles for the libera- 
tion from oppression of any people 
by another. 



M 




Symposium on Political Prisoners in the U.S. with Mary Kaufman, lawyer and prosecutor at the fMi 
Nurnberg Trials, Rowena Pierce of the National Alliance against Racist and Political Repression, 
Johnnetta Cole, Moderator, and Lennox Hynes, Chairperson of the National Black Lawyer's Guild. 




The burning of one of the notorious Tiger Cages of South 
Vietnam, in a symbolic gesture of celebration for the victory of 
the People of Vietnam. 



Nguyen Huu An of Vietnam. 





*)(S5y vitSiMSV <^<®WSV vi®i«)(SV> <v«e)»l<fl5y> «^l«l 



A new breed of heroes emerged from 
the Watergate era, the investigative 
reporter. 

So Seymour Hersh, the famed Pu- 
Htzer Prize reporter for the New York 
Times, was a fitting person to lecture 
as the year's first distinguished 
speaker of the Distinguished Visitors 
Program (DVP). 

Hersh is probably best known by the 
public for uncovering the unauthorized 
! bombing of North Vietnam and the 
My Lai Massacre. But Si Hersh is no 
7-day wonder Jimmy Olsen. His peers 
■ '^ 'm as the best investigative re- 
man who sniffs out stories 
)icanny instinct and follows 
i hruugh to the end with good- 

t Miu I ■ ■•.'ni hard work. 
E "It is a ; Tific power we reporters 
r Ko,,r. " ; , , ! ^. r^rowd in the Cam- 
im. "In one story 



But Hersh hinted that the press 
does not destroy enough. "I still want 
to know what happened in the oil cri- 
sis. The press really blew it." 

But the front page story in early 
September was not the oil crisis, 
rather the pardoning of former Presi- 
dent Richard Nixon by President Ger- 
ald Ford. Hersh said Ford's actions 
were politically motivated, a "shrewd 
move". Said the Washington reporter, 
"He was going to do it eventually," 
and "I don't think it will be a factor in 
the elections this year and that is what 
he wanted." 

There were, of course, many Water- 
gate questions from the audience. "My 
version of Watergate," he said, "is to 
be skeptical of everyone in power . . . 
Watergate is a fun story." 

Hersh, actually was a last-minute 
fill-in for Washington Post reporter 
Carl Bernstein, one half of the famous 
Woodward and Bernstein duo. Unlike 



that pair, Hersh said, he is troubi^ 
"about writing things about Grar 
Juries." 

Unknown to his audience, Hersh, ai 
that moment, already knew of tt^ 
CIA's cloak and dagger affair involving 
the recovery attempt of the sunken 
Russian sub. He did not file the story 
then because, he later said, his infor- 
mation was somewhat skimpy and he 
did not want to interfere with what the 
big brass in Washington told him was 
an operation very important to the na,- , 
tion's security. M 

The Los Angeles Times broke tl^ 
story a few months later, with many 
inaccuracies. But Si Hersh filed the 
most accurate account of the episode, 
further winning the admiration of his 
colleagues. 

From political reporting to cartoons. 

In early October, before a packed 
audience, National Lampoon Cartoon- 
ist Vaughn Bode gave a "cartoon Con- 




o ^ \ tolt . .1 ./ / * ^ 



(L.^au6Ht»'^opiE*-.J). 



• !i©f«l(sXy5 V® (»I(SV VifSWSV' iV^MSW^K'S^ iy®l«l(SV c^W(SV> e<«a)W®V <s««®l'l(SV 'V«!®(>1©V «<!® WSV e<!®l'l©V e^CKSV e<®W®V> iV®W(3Sl»5 



: cert" and slide show as the next DVP 
lecturer. 

Bode had earlier told Collegian car- 
toonists Kris Jackson and Don 
McGilvray that this is the Bronze age 
of comics and that the Golden Age 
would arrive in another 10 years. 

On his cartooning approach, Bode 
said: "I invented a new cartooning for- 
mat which I tried to get patented in 
which the balloons are completely out- 
side the panels. I got all these balloons 
and panels printed up and I just pull 
them out of my big box. First, I write 
out the script, then I write the dialo- 
gue in the balloons, then I do the 
sketches in the panels themselves and 
I do them one at a time so that I don't 
get distracted by the panel beside the 
one I am working on." 

"Then I past all the balloons and 
panels down on a light board and lay a 
sheet of three-ply Strathmore board 
over it, and the light coming up 
through casts a shadow which I just 
trace over with my felt-tips. I've used 
nothing but felt-tip markers, by the 
way, since 1966, although I use a ra- 
pidograph for touching up." 

For Bode, as with many other DVP 
lecturers, there was an interview on 
the campus radio station, WMUA. "I 
just want to say," said an early caller, 
"that little story you read on the air a_ 
few minutes ago was as sexist as HellM| 



Answered Bode, "Well look, I gotta 
be me." In the background Mcgilvray 
and Jackson started singing the chorus 
to "Fve gotta be me." 

Bode was in Umieland. 

Angela Davis was the highlight of 
the year. Outside the Student Union 
Ballroom students were tightly packed 
waiting to hear Angela Davis and her 



speech entitled "What is Socialism?' 

The doors did not open until a short 
while before Davis took the podium: 
security was tight and the police 
wanted no lunatics planting bombs in 
the Ballroom. 

"Racism is built into the capitalist 
system," she said. "We need a real 
movement. A movement where White 




■v®*!®)^ v^i'i®v vi®(>)<SSiy» vi^MSM iviteJWSV 
People must understand that 
they must stand with and behind 
Black workers. Beating racism is a 
precondition for Socialism in t] 
country." 

Davis, a former philosophy de 
partment faculty member at 
UCLA, said that Socialism is not 
just a set of theories that were de- 
veloped by Marx and Lenin, but 
that Socialism is real and con- 
crete. "Socialism is free education. 
It is not having to pay $4,000 a 
year just because .you want to 
learn. Socialism is not having to 
worry about how I'm going to pay 
the doctor before you go to the ho- 
spital. Socialism is free child care. 
Not only universal child care, but 
free child care because under So- 
cialism the society itself feels re- 
sponsible for the development of 
human beings there and the care 
of children there. " ^ 

"It is society's, it is all of ou^ 
responsibility to see that our chil- 
dren are able to grow up in a clean 
and healthy environment. That's 
what Socialism is all about. Socia- 
lism is not unemployment! You 
talk about the inflationary spiral 
in this country. There's not only 
inflation here, but there's inflation 

-in West Germany, Italy, France 

t and in Switzerland." 

Davis praised the Soviet Union 

^and Cuba. "In Cuba they have 
these mansions where the rich 
used to live. After the revolution 
when the rich fled, these mansions 
were converted into dormitories for 
students, hospitals, and day-care 
centers . . . The CIA invaded Cuba 
and the people of Cuba defeated 
them." 

She said families like the Rock- 
efellers are, more than anyone else 
in history, responsible for misery 
and death. "No family should be 
allowed to capitalize on such 
wealth." 

More than 1500 students heard 
Davis say that something is wrong 
in the U.S. "Just last week in Los 
Angeles 420,000 gallons of milk 
Ifcvas dumped down the sewer . . . 
But then if you go to the Black 
.'community of Los Angeles, or you 
go into East Los Angeles into the 
Chicane community, you will see 
children, you will see babies that 




®S9 <V®M(9V <i^W(S^ MSWSVV V^lll(9V> V!tS)IKl®V> 

do not have enough milk, who do 
not have enough food, yet the 
dairy industry dumps 420,000 gal- 
lons of milk up. That could not 
happen in Cuba, because that 
could not happen with Socialism." 
Reaction from students, as with 
most issues, was mixed. Some 



e<®W(3!!s» vi®W®5iy9 iV®W®5!y» 'VifSWSV' <Vi©W(S5\5 
complained she overlooked the 
evils in Cuba and the Soviet Un- 
ion, painting a distorted picture. 
Others countered saying that the 
American press has not given a 
true picture of life under Socia- 
lism. 
Whatever their political views. 




most agreed that Angela Davis is 
an extraordinary individual. 

If you had to make a list of three 
people most identified with the 
anti- Vietnam war movement, 
Daniel EUsberg would probably be 
on it. 

So it was no surprise that he, 
like Angela Davis, drew a heavy 
crowd when he spoke here in early 
November. "The illegal acts of the 
Nixon Administration to cover up 
the war is what brought the Nixon 
Administration down," he said. 

Ellsberg, who was responsible 
for releasing the Pentagon Papers 
in 1971 but later acquitted when 
the government illegally broke into 
his psychiatrist's office, said 
antiwar demonstrations saved 
hundreds of thousands of lives. 

He compared the Pentagon 
Papers to the White House Water- 
gate tapes saying "In both cases, 
the Pentagon Papers and the 
Tapes, what you saw were people 
conspiring and people planning 
lies." He had said at an earlier 
press conference that "the public 
I is now demanding more informa- 
i tion from their congressmen and 
■ this is healthy for a democracy. 
Watergate lowered the public's to- 
lerance for lying." 

He closed his speech with a bit 
of accurate prophecy: "The chance 
of ending this war right now is bet- 
ter than it was before. Watergate 
and the economy has made foreign 
aid to Vietnam more vulnerable in 
Congress." 



Ellsberg left the Student Union 
Ballroom to a standing ovation 
from the capacity crowd. 

The plight of the American In- 
dian is a top concern for many stu- 
dents here. So many students were 
on hand to hear Dennis Banks, a 
leader of the American Indian Mo- 
vement and Wounded Knee parti- 
cipant. 

"Wounded Knee will go down in 
history as the most significant 
event in Indian history," he told 
the audience. "It is too late to turn 
back now, and we can only push 
forward by whatever means neces- 
sary. To do less would mean 200 
more years of poverty, lies, depri- 
vation and misery." 

Banks said the failure to honor 
"every treaty" can only result in a 
major war between Indians and 
the U.S. government. 

Since 1832 when American In- 
dians were in control of 105 million 
acres of land, he said, 55 million 
acres have been taken from them. 
"The time for the American go- 
vernment to recognize and honor 
its treaties with Indian people is 




iisV v®(<i®v «<i©i»i®J<.» vi®w(av 'y®w®Jy> «/®w©i. 
long overdue." 

He said all of the basic human 
rights guaranteed in the Constitu- 
tion have been denied to Indians. 

Putting together a group of dis- 
tinguished speakers is no easy 
matter, says publicity chairperson 
Barbara Sobocinski, '75. The 20 or 
so students working for DVP first 
solicit suggestions from the stu- 
dent body and try to personally 
contact every suggested speaker. 

The group, she says, then selects 
those persons they wish to speak. 
"This was a political year for us," 
Sobocinski says. "Alot of people 
were available." 

She says the committee tries to 
choose a politically well-rounded 
group of speakers. Some students, 
however, complained that the 
speakers were all left-wing. Sobo- 
cinski says this is so because the 
majority of students here are left- 
wing. 

When a speaker is contracted, it 
is for one full day. Press confer- 
ences are scheduled with the var- 
ious media on campus, classes 
with the guest speaker are ar- 
ranged, and hopefully the speakers 
wiU eat with the students, (only 
Dennis Banks refused this, Sobo- 
cinski said). 

Each student contributes about 
$1.50 to the DVP at the start of 
each year through the activity tax. 
This year's highest paid speaker, 
Sobocinski said, was Angella Da- 
vis who earned $2,500. 



.-'""''^ 



cncarv 




The Ahora organization was the 
sponsor of the Latin American 
week that took place on the Uni- 
versity of Massachusetts' campus 
between March 14 and March 19. 
The idea of a close solidarity 
among our Latin American coun- 
tries was the originating force, (as 
we have one struggle in common: 
to liberate ourselves from North 
American imperialism and reaf- 
firm our cultural identities against 
foreign invasion). Although the 
Ahora organization is mainly com- 
posed of Puerto Rican students, 
there are other students from dif- 
ferent countries in Latin America 
and we wanted to emphasize the 
common cultural bond in our 




iM®Sy> "v^MSV ivi?5)W(sV v®MSV =/®mS 

day. Coral stressed how the Popu- 
lar movements are being harassed 
and terrorized by what he called 
"a desperate form of repression" 
from the "bourgeoisie." The na- 
tional oligracphies in Latin Amer- 
ica, backed by United States im- 
perialism, have established forms 
of repression against the growing 
progressive movements. He em- 
phasized the importance of the op- 
pressed groups like the chicanos 
and Puerto Rican as important 
forces struggling within the United 
States against a common enemy. 
He was impressed with many of 
these groups and their organiza- 
tions fighting against both exploi- 
tation and cultural assimilation. 
Juan Carlos Coral finished his 
speech with a note of optimism, as 
he sees a struggle with dedicated 
people and a weak system (capita- 
lism) that does not convince any- 
more. 
If J '' ' ''" ii exposed the 




*)M©y5 e.(i®M(sV' '!<!®W®V' 'V®W®iy5 <yi®e)^ 

Latin American reality as an op-1 
pressed group of people struggling 
for survival, in what could be 
called a "political speech" — Er- 
nesto Luis and Jose Nogueras, two 
"can tores" from Puerto Rico — ex- 
posed the same reality but this 
time in the form of music. They 
represent the new song, music that 
is related directly to the social rea- 
lity. They see themselves as 
workers, (a Socialist concept), 
workers that have a goal in life: 
the resistance or fight against the 
socio-economic cultural invasion 
of yankee imperialism. The em- 
phasis of these new singers is to 
identify themselves with the socia-j 
list struggle — to work for the peo J 
pie and to represent their emotional 




as oppressed human beings. 

The Cuban docunientary, "Bay 
of Pigs", came in the middle of the 
Latin American week. With a su- 
perb technique, the director, Her- 
rera, was able to present us a do- 
cumentary about the historical 
event in Cuba when the United 
States government, under the Pre- 
sidency of John F. Keimedy, in- 

^vaded the Bay of Pigs in a futile 
intent to destroy the Revolution. 

j "Como estas Puerto Rico?" in- 
troduced the theatre genre. The 
world that this theatre presented 
to us was the one that is always 
ignored because it raises problems 

jof conscience: the life of the ex- 



J 


L 


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J 


f[ 


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i. '' 




m 




'mmmmfm 



ni^iHurjQf *^t(ow«^sg; w^ww 



ploited and the elements that 
make up that exploitation repre- 
sented by the police, the lan- 
downers, the politicians, an immi- 
gration agent, etc. Guasahara, is a 
student group from New York that 
has decided to denounce the capi- 
talist system in a spontaneous 
form, where improvisation plays 
the important role, and Vv/here the 
goal is to arouse the people's cons- 
cience against injustice and 
repression. 

Last but not least, the sympo- 
sium on women that gave an end 
to the cultural activities. The em- 



phasis in this sjinposium was the 
struggle of third world women 
against the limitations imposed by 
the system, not only against wo- 
men, but against people in gen- 
eral. The differences of women in a 
sociahst society and a capitalist 
one was given with Cuba as an s' 
ample of women struggli;:;- 
vis with men for the sarr. 
The week ended Sat; 
a dance in which Orq _• 
peTformed Latin Amen cai : 




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Hillel, the Jewish Student Or- 
ganization on campus, has become 
more beneficial to the UMass com- 
munity, with the recent introduc- 
tion of Saul Efriam Perimutter. 
Rabbi Perimutter is a graduate of 
the Reconstructionist Rabbinical 
School in Philadelphia. Since last 
September, he has been working in 
conjunction with Hillel members, 
and has started to bring about a 
change in Hillel. He found it es- 
sential to deal with students, not 
in an official capacity, but as an 
individual educated in Jewish af- 
fairs and in dealing with people. 

Saul, as hf! prefers to be called, 



became a rabbi through his desire 
to increase his Jewish knowledge. 
He found, after spending a year in 
Israel, that he wanted to learn 
more about Judaism, which led to 
his enrollment in rabbinical 
school. He specifically chose the 
Reconstructionist school because 
he was impressed by the fact "that 
they didn't lay anything on me I 
didn't want, they were open and 
realistic." While in school, he 
served as youth director at Elkins 
Park, a local temple, where he de- 
cided he enjoyed informal dealings 
with people, rather than surmon- 
ing at them. "I didn't want to 



work in any one synagogue move- 
ment. Synagogues are valuable in- 
stitutions, yet they can be a detri- 
ment to Jewish society by separat- 
ing Jews into Orthodox, Conserva- 
tive and Reform congregations. 
They institutionalize that separa- 
tion, and I think we have much 
more in common than the few 
things that divide us. I would 
rather work in a setting that is 
open and equal to all Jews; Ortho- 
dox, Atheist, Zionist or Bundist." 

As rabbi and director of Hillel, 
Saul sees his role as being respon- 
sive to the needs of all students 
interested in some aspect of Ju- 





<>i®l"i®V <V®(«){2>V> V<®1«ISV c/JSUKSV <Vi®M®v 

Pdaism. He finds the diversification 
of his job most satisfying. "I really 
enjoy my work because it allows 
me to live Judaism as a whole way 
^ of life. I don't view myself as the 

(t rabbi of only those who pay Hillel 
dues. My dealings involve me with 
students from all religious back- 
grounds." 

The limitations which confront 
him include the lack of time in 
which to expand his activities and 
partake in more functions outside 
of Hillel. In his opinion, his time 
does not allow him to deal adequa- 
tely with the needs of 3,000 Jewish 
people on campus, along with 



<Me)PK9»i9 e«e»>ii9»k9 <!tneivK!>y!^ 

many non-Jewish people. 

The Hillel rabbi is not a faculty 
member. He is appointed by the 
National B'nai Brith office in Wa- 
shington, D.C., and is approved by 
local Hillel members. His salary, 
as well as that of his part time as- 
sistant (Nancy Piccus), is paid by 
the National foundation. Money 
utilized in Hillel functions comes 
from student dues, contributions, 
and the local Jewish community. 

Hillel was originally founded to 
meet the needs of Jewish students 
on college campuses. Named after 
Rabbi Hillel of the Mishnah, who 
was known for his gentleness, un- 
derstanding and flexibility, the or- 
ganization attempts to propagate 
these ideals. M 

Over the years, Hillel has ej^ 
panded to meet growing needs. 
Under Saul's direction, many new 
programs have been added to the 
already existing ones, Hillel now 
provides social, cultural, educa- 
tional and religious programming, 
as well as programs for the expan- 
sion of Jewish awareness. Events 
sponsored include film presenta- 
tions, guest speakers, Judaic stu- 
dies courses, and the establish- 
ment of a kosher kitchen. Hillel 
also maintains a lending library 
which contains books on various 
aspects of Judaism. 

Saul's personality transcends 
his job as a rabbi. He creates an 
atmosphere of understanding. In 
dealing with personal traumas, he 
is sincerely intent on helping to 
solve that person's problem. He is 
approachable from many levels, 
and is equallj' as giving. Whether 
it is counseling, conducting ser- 
vices, involvement with vital com- 
munity issues, or just lending a 
compassionate ear, Saul is quali- 
fied in all these areas. 

These are his strengths that give 
him the impetus to carry out his 
goal. This goal is in part an educa- 
tion — to destroy the myth that 
Hillel is only for certain Jews and 
not for others, and to instruct 
others that Hillel can in fact be 
the key that unlocks the door to 
understanding thems; ves, their 
heritage, their jewishress, and the 
realization of their ideals. 



185 




DW(sXv> iv®W(3iy» <y®WSV ivi®iiiSV> ivi®i"lfi 
There are various misrepresen- 
tation and falsifications concern- 
ing the culture of African people. 
Very few people have been fortun- 
ate enough to acquire a realistic 
knowledge of what it truly entails. 
Kwaku Ananse's Web is a com- 
pany recently established in Am- 
herst with the purpose of commun- 
icating the true culture of the Afri- 
can people. 

On April 13 it presented its first 
function, "A Day of African Cul- 
ture", at the New Africa House 
Cultural Center. The day was offi- 
cially opened by Chief Nana Ko- 
bina Nkotska with the pouring of 
libations to our ancestors, calling 
for unity, fertility in woman and 
potency in man. Brother Nkotska 
then gave a talk on African Cul- 
ture emphasizing the values inher- 
ent in the culture. 

The festivities continued with 
music and dance by an African 
Drum and Dance Ensemble from 
New York City, while all enjoyed 
;the array of African foods that 
[were served. The day also marked 
■ the opening of an exhibition of 
^African crafts, clothing, musical 
i instruments, and various other ar- 
tifacts portraying the artistic 
workmanship of the African peo- 







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WMUA, 91.1 in Amherst's radio 
spectrum beams beyond the cam- 
pus community. With 1,000 watts 
of power, the listening area of the 
tudent-operated radio station 
anges from Southern Vermont to 
Northern Connecticut, and 
westward through the Berkshires. 
However, it is the people that keep 
WMUA going and make it the 
great station it is. 

"WMUA, in the past year has 
expanded its news and public af- 
fairs programming in order to be- 
some a more responsive and reflec- 
tive voiff- of both UMass and the 
outsi''' Titles," said sta- 



tion Manager Marc Berman. We 
strive to present non racist and 
non sexist programming both in 
news and in music." 

New public affairs programming 
included a weekly prison show, 
"Barbed Wire"; and the biweekly 
"Pacifica," politically oriented do- 
cumentaries. 

This year there were more wo- 
men announcers at WMUA than 
ever before. "The Women's 
Show," still produced weekly, at- 
tempted to join progressive peo- 
ple's music with relevant informa- 
tion and interviews about people's 
struggles for freedom. The pro- 



gram was expanded this year and 
presented some special features 
with Robin Jacobsen as Women's 
Affairs Director. 

Continuing on the radio's log 
were "Focus," a program centering 
on local politics; "Off the Hook," a 
talk show with guest commenta- 
tors; "We the People," a feature 
presenting people's struggles, and 
"Gay Break," an indepth analysis 
of the problems of gay people in 
society. 

Programs presenting a combina- 
tion of music, news and public af- 
fairs were "UJammaDrum," the 
Black Mass Communication Pro- 




«®WSV <v®("iSV '!/®a)®Jv> =^ni®v> =<!®WSV <vi®w®V c/©W(SV vstSWSV' c^wSV «^M<SV MSWSV «^(fl®is= e<®«iSJN= v®mCsV =<i®w®vv®W(s^ 



ject, featured daily; "The Latin 
Show"; and "Zamir," an Israeli 
broadcast. 

Regularly featured programm- 
ing included "Original Stardust," 
an old rock and roll show, pro- 
duced by Steve Berkowitz; "Blues- 
bag"; "Pioneer Valley Jamboree," 
country-western and bluegrass 
music with producer Marc Ber- 
man; "Jubilation Jazz"; and a 
classical show. 

New daily services to the public 
were "High Tides," an astrological 
forecast with Jeff Jawer; "Band- 
board," a listing of musical enter- 
tainment in the area; and "The 



River Valley Almanac," a calendar 
of events for the Pioneer Valley. 

In addition to seven newscasts 
per day was a weekly alternative 
news feature, "The Sunday News 
Collective." Exclusive interviews 
with leaders of the American In- 
dian Movement, Clyde Bellecourt 
and Floyd Westerman, and other 
special presentations and docu- 
mentaries highlighted this show. 

The public affairs and news 
team at the station were awarded 
the UPI's first prize for broadcast- 
ing excellence in small station do- 
cumentaries. "Breadbasket," is a 
thirty-five minute recording about 



the life of the grain belt farmer fo- 
cusing on Lyndon, Kansas. The 
documentary was written and pro- 
duced by Marc Berman and Pro- 
gram Director Scott Bacherman, 
and narrated by Charles Pellett. 

WMUA continued as the voice 
of UMass sports under direc- 
tion of Russ Small and Larry Con- 
voy. 

"People's tastes are changing," 
said Program Director, Scott Ba- 
cherman, "and I only hope that 
WMUA was able to stay at the for- 
efront of the musical movement 
not only in the Pioneer Valley but 
in all of Western Mass." 



(!i^H(sH° «^W€V <v<;e)KI(9V> v^MSM 




It was finished. Running late, in 
my usual style, I hurried to the office, 
on edge, and more than a little ap- 
prehensive about missing my first 
deadline. 

But she read it, smiled, and said it 
was good. I walked away feeling im- 
portant. 

It was there, on page one, the next 
day. I read it six times and stared at 
the byline over and over. Even my 
name was spelled right! 

And so it was, the beginning of the_ 
end. I came down with a severe, in- 
curable case of Collegian. My life has 
never been the same. 

What is this madness hidden under 
the auspicious title of New England's 
largest college daily? Nothing to 
some, all to many, little to the indif- 
ferent. More than anything, the Col- 
legian is personahty. It is not a place 
but a state of being. 

Egos are built, demi-gods made. 
The hours run late, days are long, 
emotions high. Decisions, triumphs, 
disappointments, and politicking are 
the order of every day. 

I laugh now at my days of awe- 
struck naivete and marvel at how 
anyone could be so foolishly drawn in 
to the mysterious magic that lives 
there. 

The Collegian is classes skipped, 
dinners forgotten, friends neglected. 
It is being called at 9:00 a.m. to cover 
a meeting in half an hour and chang- 
ing your plans for every day to fit in 
with your work there. It can control 
you, and if you love it, you let it. 

People are here doing a job, what- 
ever their reasons. Some are here for 
power, or prestige, others for a port- 
folio and experience. I have yet to 
discover why I'm here. 
Come in, look around. A few type- 



«^M@Sy>e.^Hi 



writers work, the rest are for show. 
Phones ring incessantly, left unans- 
wered until the tenth ring. Tables are 
cluttered with scraps of notes, heaps 
of day-old newsprint, half-finished 
Pepsis being used for ashtrays. Ever- 
yone is busy looking official, pretend- 
ing they know what's going on, 
what's really happening. 

Hyperbole? Perhaps. A world of 
.pseudo-reality and semiprofes- 
sionalism. The power of the press, 
the impact on a university. 

We are accused of many things; 
bias, inaccuracy, inefficiency. Sure, 
we make mistakes, we try not to. Dan 
Rathers or David Brinkleys we're 
not. We are students, our work bea 
longs to the students. We try to ii|| 
form, show injustices, and call for ac^ 
tion when things are wrong. We are N 
the medium and the message. 

Insanity lives here to preserve our 
sanity. Numerous parties are held in 
honor of "getting away from the 
paper," and being with our friends. 
There's the catch, it doesn't happen 
that way. Collegian people talk Col- 
legian. The subject always comes up. 
"Hey what did you think of that lead 
on yesterday's rally story? Yeah, and 
what was the outcome of that policy 
decision at the last Board of Editors 
meeting?" And so it goes. 

A fast pace, vibrant people. New 
ideas and always trying harder. Your 
life is not your own. You hand it over 
when you turn in your first story. Be- 
cause you want to. 

The Collegian. An intense, special 
feeling. Wrap-around lives and con- 
fused frustration. I wil\ remember it 
as the single worst and best thing 
that happened to me here. The very 
best. 








The 1974 Minuteman soccer team 
had the most successful season in the 
44 year history of the sport at UMass, 

"We have one of the best teams that 
UMass has had in soccer for a long 
time," said Rufe before the regular 
season began. 

Coach Rufe's preseason statement 
proved to be an accurate one as his 
team, led by high scoring forward 
Tom Coburn, went through their sea- 
son winning eight games, losing three, 
and tieing one. 

Tom Coburn, Bob McChesney, Mo- 
hammed Othman, and Tony King 
were the leading scorers for the sea- 



Forward Billy Belcher was also a 
scoring threat and most of the season 
he was the team's leading hustler. 

On defense, Dean Lungu, Mike 
Parsons, Danny Ouillette, and Jimmy 
Vollinger were the key performers. 

Marc Hanks played goal at the start 
of the season while senior co-captain 
Carl Vercollone was recovering from a 
shoulder separation. Carl came back 
later in the season to play a few fine 
games. Back-up goalie, senior Paul Pe- 
loquin played well when he was given 
the time to play; when he wasn't 
playing Paul was usually the loudest 




voice on the bench, giving his team- 
mates on the field lots of moral sup- 
port. The kickers had their most im- 
portant and toughest test of the year 
against nationally third ranked Con- 
necticut. The Huskies were the team 
to beat if the UMass squad had any 
hopes of winning the Yankee Confer- 
ence crown, but, in their best played 
game of the year, the Minutemen were 
edged 1-0. 

That heartbreaking loss had an ef- 
fect on the Minutemen as they could 
do no better than one win, one loss, 
and one tie in the remaining games. 




For the UMass Minuteman, 1974 
started with hope and ended in humi- 
liation. 

Coming off a disappointing 6-5 
year, when each week seemed to add 
to the frustration of both fans and 
players, the Minutemen entered the 
1974 season with a number of nagging 
questions. 

For one thing, how would UMass 
replace the gilt passing combination of 




Piel Pennington to Tim Berra, not to 
mention Berra's uncanny ability to 
run back kickoffs for touchdowns? 

For another, how would UMass im- 
prove its terrible rushing offense 
which gained only 749 yards in 1973? 

These questions were partially ans- 
wered in the 17-13 opening loss to Vil- 
lanova. 

Incredibly, UMass put together 223 
yards rushing, led by sophomores 




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Keith Lang and Rick Jessamy, who 
proved in one game that UMass could 
run. 

But a sour note which probably 
killed the UMass season occured only 
11:10 into the season, when starting 
quarterback Fred Kelliher, who a sea- 
son earlier had been Pennington's sa- 
vior on at least three occasions, separ- 
ated his shoulder when he bootlegged 
around right end. 



I 




Against Maine at Orono a week 
later, the Minutemen anihilated the 
Black Bears to the tune of 42-0 utiliz- 
ing a bruising defense and opportun- 
istic secondary headed by cornerback 
John Van Buren, who picked off a la- 
teral and rambled 80 yards to paydirt. 
The key, offensively, was the inser- 
tion of fullback Jim Torrance into the 
UMass backfield. Torrance only 
gained 60 yards in the game, but by 
the end of the season he'd have ten 
touchdowns and be the leading UMass 
rusher. 

No one knew much about Dart- 
mouth, other than they were five- 
straight times Ivy champs and that 
coach Jake Crouthamel wouldn't let 
UMass scouts into his scrimmages. 
But when it was all over, UMass had 
stunned everyone on their way to a 
14-0 win, spearheaded by a ferocious 
defense. 

It was the game that changed peo- 
ple's outlooks on the season, because 
the way UMass was playing without 
Ed McAleny, the all-star defensive 
end, out for the year along with Kel- 
liher there was hope. 

But then there was Vermont, and to 
put it frankly, the Minutemen stunk 
the place out to the tune -of 25-14 for 
Vermont. 

It was a game in which complacency 
on the part of UMass was evident 
from the opening kickoff, and alth- 
ough they stormed out to a 14-0 lead, 
Vermont was hungrier and walked off 
with what coach Carl Falivene called 
"our biggest win in fifty years. " 

A lackluster performance against 
Boston University ended up in a 21-14 
UMass win, but one could sense that 
the Dartmouth spark was gone. 

A week later, Brian MacNally, a 
converted cornerback, quarterbacked 
the team to a 17-7 win over Rhode 
Island, in what was the team's best 
performance since Dartmouth. Tor- 
rance was immense, gaining 130 yards 
and the UMass line was impregnable 
against the eventual Yankee Confer- 



ence rushing champion. Rich Remon- 
dino. 

Then came UConn, the game that 
we all thought would decide the Yan- 
kee Conference championship. 

UMass went out to a 9-0 first half 
lead, and lost McNally with a shoulder 
separation, forcing Mark Tripucka to 
take over the helm. 

Three straight turnovers right after 
the second half kickoff by the Minu- 
temen were converted twice into 
scores by the Huskies, and once killed 
a good-looking UMass drive. 

But the killer came late in the game 
when Tripucka drove UMass down to 
the UConn three-yard line with fifty 
seconds left. Jim Torrance went for 
two yards, then was stopped on the 
half-yard line; then with five seconds 
left, Greg Sprout's attempt at a game- 
winning goal was blocked when 
UMass or UConn, and probably both 
teams, went offsides. 

Unfortunately, the referees called 
UMass, and the loss was in the books. 

A week later UMass battled back 
from a 42-14 third quarter deficit to 
within 8 at 42-34, but lost to Colgate 
in Hamilton, New York. 

Things weren't much better a week 
later when the Minutemen hit Wor- 
cester. Their running defense was, to 
be frank, atrocious, and the 
MacPherson-men could never quite 
get back from a 30-7 deficit, losing 30- 
20. 

New Hampshire came next with a 
chance for a tie of the conference 
crown, with, of all teams, Maine. 
UMass won 27-17, thanks to a 93 
yard Ron Harris punt return, and end- 
ed their YanCon slate at 4-2. 

And then there was no contest. In 
other words, BC. 

Trying to compete with BC in foot- 
ball is like Sri Lanka competing with 
the United States in GNP, and that 
was one of the lessons UMass learned. 

Playing like a well-oiled machine, 
the Eagles rolled and rolled from the 
opening kickoff to a 70-8 slaughter, as 



a valiant but outnumbered Minute- 
men team had no chance. 

So the Minutemen finished a disap- 
pointing season at 5-6, their first los- 
ing season since 1968. 

But with McAleney and Kelliher 
back, along with Torrance, UMass 
should be improved next year. They'll 
have to find a passing attack, which 
was as weak as the rushing game po- 
tent, and shore up their linebacking, 
with Dennis Kierann gone. 

But perhaps the most ominous sign 
in New England football is that the 
Minutemen play Northeastern to re- 
place Vermont, while hated UConn 
opens the season at Navy. 

That may make matters on the 
playing field academic. 





A gentler, more soft-spoken 
man you could hardly hope to 
meet. That is, unless you come 
across him on a football field. 

Dick MacPherson, UMass 
head football coach is an enigma, 
a contradiction in terms. 

MacPherson is all coach. The 
back-slapping, the chewing out, 
the "that's all right, we'll get 'em 
next time" yells. The disconso- 
late drawn face as he sucks on 
the butt of a Winston 100 and 
blames himself after a loss. The 
beaming countenance spouting 
nothing but praise for his men 
following a win. 

MacPherson the coach is an 
intense figure. Striding the 
length of the sideline gnawing 
on ice cubes, he cannot hide the 
pressure of the game. 

But MacPherson the man 
could not be more to the con- 
trary. From his "You're a hell of 
a man" greeting to the "God love 
ya " farewell, a meeting with Mac 
could not be more of a pleasur- 
able experience. 

From the moment he wraps an 
arm around your shoulder, you 
begin to fall under the MacPher- 
son spell. As he imparts his foot- 
ball knowledge and spins tanta- 
lizing yarns, the web of awe 
grows tighter. As he rambles or 
'off the record', you feel that hi< 
personal touch will encompass 
your view of the man and the 
game. 

But then the return to the gri- 
diron, and all you've seen and 
heard dissipates. Mac again be- 
comes the soldier of fortune; the 
driven, biting picture of inten- 
sity as he undertakes the coach's 
supreme challenge, building a 
winning team from a group of 
diverse individuals. 

So the enigma, the endless cir- 
cle of Dick MacPherson goes on. 
All man, all coach, all at the right 
time. 




Senior co-captains Randy Thomas 
and Bill Gillin led the Minuteman 
cross-country runners to an impres- 
sive 9-2 dual meet record in 1974. 

The conference crown went to 
UMass for the fifth consecutive year 
as the runners outscored second place 
Vermont by a whopping 24-75 mar- 
gin. 

Randy Thomas placed second at the 
New England Championships as the 
Providence Friars scored a meet- 
winning 29 points, UMass trailing at 
52 points. Later, the team made its se- 
cond journey, to Van Cortlandt Park 
and won the first IC4A title in UMass 
history. After the victory, Coach 
O'Brien was so happy that he had 



trouble expressing his feelings. "The 
team wanted it so badly; we've been 
working for this since last year. We 
thought we could do it, but to actually 
win it ... " 

Randy Thomas ran a fantastic race 
in his final appearance, at the IC4A's. 
The senior runner finished second, 
teammate Bill Gillin placed fifth, and 
John McGrail ran thirteenth. 

The team entered the NCAA Cham- 
pionships at Bloomington, Indiana 
with hopes of performing well against 
the nation's top harriers. Both Thomas 
and Gillin earned All-American hon- 
ors by placing in the top twenty-five 
is UMass finished eighth in the com- 
petition. 



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In four >ears, the team, with Tho- 
mas, Gilhn, and Tom Wilson running, 
amassed a 33-13 dual meet record, 
won four Yankee Conference titles, 
one New England Championship, and 
most satisfyingly, the IC4A Cham- 
pionship. 

The eighth place finish in the Na- 
tionals was the culmination of years of 
work, dedication, and self-sacrifice by 
Thomas, Wilson, and Giliin, and the 
rest of the team. The '74 season will 
long be remembered by cross country 
followers as the season in which 
UMass (ranked thirteenth in the na- 
tion) competed successfully on the na- 
tional level. 




The UMass Marching Band made 
UMass history this season by having the 
first female band manager ever. To com- 
memerate this acliievement, the March- 
ing Band, in one of their best of the sea- 
son, put on a half-time show dedicated to 
the Women's Liberation Movement, 
much to the approval of everyone in the 
band. 

Another change in this year's Band 
was tliat the flag rank was increased in 
size. Although there were only six wo- 
men in the ranks for ttie past season, 



there are plans to double the number for 
next year. 

The baton twirlers were led this year 
by Mary Jane O'Sullivan. Mary Jane and 
the rest of the twirlers worked hard to 
coordinate their movements, not only 
with each other, but with the rest of the 
Band to concide with the show. 

The l^and has to practice everyday in 
the fall for the Saturday afternoon foot- 
ball games. But the time the members put 
into practice is worth it, they feel, when 
thev can add some entertainment and ex- 



citement to the games. 

The UMass Pep Band is strictly a vo- 
lunteer band which plays only for the 
home basketball games. The Pep Band is 
known for their "BC cheer" and their 
"Lone Ranger cheer" which makes the 
Cage virtually come alive with the excite- 
ment. The spectators appreciate the 
.sounds of the cowbell accompaniment 
and the effort the Pep Band puts into 
adding some extra excitement to the bas- 
ketball games. 




The 1974-1975 season was a success- 
ful one for the UMass women's gymnas- 
tics team, as the Minutewomen handed 
Springfield College its first dual meet 
loss in eight years, won the Eastern 
Championships for the second straight 
year, and finished as the second best 
team in the United States. 

Coach Virginia Evans' squad was led 
by senior all-around performer Jeannine 
Burger, who achieved All-American sta- 
tus for the fourth year by finishing 
fourth in the nation in floor exercise and 
third in the Easterns in the all-arounds, 
Susan Cantweli, the freshwomen pheno- 
menon, also became an All-American by 



finishing fifth in the country in the floor 
exercise. Cheryl Smith, another freshwo- 
man, peaked at the National Champion- 
ships in Hayward, California by qualify- 
ing for the finals on the beam and the 
vault. Pam Steckroat finished fourth in 
the Easterns in vaulting but suffered a 
compressed fracture of her vertabrae 
while competing on the uneven bars in 
the finals of the Nationals. 

The reason for the team's success was 
the outstanding depth that carried the 
squad as far as it went. Coach Evans re- 
marked, "We had a young team (ten 
freshwomen) but they came through all 
season for us. " 



For the first time ever, UMass defeated 
Springfield (the Chiefs' first dual meet 
loss in 40 encounters) 104.15 — 103.10. 
The Minutewomen topped off their suc- 
cessful 7-1 regular season record by de- 
fending their Eastern Association for In- 
tercollegiate Athletics for Women cham- 
pionship, edging Springfield College 
once again with the season's top score of 
105.55 (to the Chiefs' 104.70). From 
there UMass went to California where 
they just fell short of the national cham- 
pionship, finishing second behind South- 
ern Illinois with a 105.50 total. The only 
lowpoint of the season was the only loss, 
to Penn State. 




Seniors Jeannine Burger, Gail Hannan, 
and Marian Kulick will be lost to the 
team through graduation, and junior 
Ann Olson will be returning to Oregon 
from where she is an exchange student. 
Returning next year are Susan Cantwell, 
Cheryl Smith, Alicia Goode, Linda Nelli- 
gan, Margie Magraw, Pam Steckroat, 
Gail Mc Carthy, Keeley O'Rourke, 
Cindy Severyn, Debbie Sargeson, Debbie 
Law, and Regina Hartman. With these 
twelve returning in 1975, the outlook for 
continued success for the gymnasts is 
bright. 




Tom Dunn came to UMass three 
years ago, took over as coach of the 
men's gymnastics team, and proceeded 
to compile one of the best records in 
the history of the program — twenty- 
seven wins and eight losses. In spite of 
this superb coaching record, Tom 
Dunn will not coach gymnastics at 
UMass again. 

In the spring of 1974, Athletic Dir- 
ector Frank Mclnerny recommended 
that Dunn not be rehired after the 
1974-1975 season, to allow for expan- 



sion of the women's program. The de- 
partment later changed its position 
and offered Dunn another year with 
the team, but Dunn, looking for job 
security, refused the offer. Instead, he 
will become assistant coach at Penn 
State (where he was a national cham- 
pion on the parallel bars during his 
senior year) next year, at a higher sa- 
lary than he received as head coach at 
UMass, and will possibly become head 
coach at Penn the year after, 
It is too early to estimate the effect 



of Dunn's decision on the gymnastics 
program at UMass. In a time when a 
fine coach must leave the University 
because of Athletic Department 
"priorities ", one must question what 
the role of intercollegiate athletics is: 
to provide the athlete with an outlet to 
show his individual capabiHties, or to 
subsidize sporting institutions that are 
financially dependent on revenue at 
the expense of the smaller, more ex- 
pendable sports programs? 





Coaching a women's athletic team 
in a society predominately geared 
towards male athletics requires an in- 
dividual having strong and committed 
intentions for the promotion of the 
sport involved. Virginia Evans, head 
varsity coach of the women's gymnas- 
tic team here at the University has for 
the past four years demonstrated such 
endurance to constantly strive to at- 
tain the best total environment for her 
athletes. In her four years of coaching 
she has produced a varsity team winn- 
ing two Eastern titles, one National ti- 
tle, and achieving a position in the top 
four at the AIAW Collegiate Nationals 
every year. 

Yet aside from the angle of achieve- 
ment in terms of win-loss records, 
there are other factors that have also 
gone into making her a successful 
coach. Virginia Evans feels that athle- 
tic perfection is important for the pur- 
pose of helping development of per- 
sonal feelings of satisfaction and ac- 
complishment. She is concerned for 
each individual as a person. The 
members of the team think of Ms. 
Evans as a friend as well as a coach. 
She is someone who will listen and 
offer advice or help on any problem 
whether it is related to gymnastics or 
not. 

Her coaching techniques vary from 
athlete to athlete. Each person is con- 
sidered to be a unique individual with 
unique strengths and weaknesses. In 
her coaching, she will try to build on 
an individual's strengths, rather than 
her weaknesses; this is always impor- 
tant to relate to her team. With such a 
strong and committed person as Ms. 
Evans at the helm, UMass has a major 
asset in the gymnasium. 




The men's gymnastics team compiled 
the best record in the team's existence, 
winning ten dual meets while losing only 
to Eastern powers Southern Connecticut 
and Penn State, despite the loss of All- 
American Gene Whelan through his 
transfer to Penn State and the lack of 
freshman recruits due to the controversy 
that plagued the gymnastics program at 
UMass. 

The Minutemen finished third in the 
Eastern Intercollegiate Gymnastics Lea- 
gue on the basis of finishing with the 
second best dual meet record in the lea- 
gue, and by placing fourth in the E.I.G.L. 
championships. Coach Tom Dunn said 
that the team had a "fantastic dual meet 



season" and that he "couldn't have 
hoped for much more out of the team. " 

The team was led by senior all- 
arounder Bill Brouillet, who won the 
E.I.G.L. championship on parallel bars. 
Peter Lusk was the highest Division One 
finisher on still rings, and in vaulting, 
Steve Marks placed third among Divi- 
sion I competitors in the E.I.G.L. 's. All 
three qualified for the nationals, where 
Brouillet placed 13th, Marks 21st, and 
Lusk 26th. 

Besides Brouillet, there were three 
other seniors on the team, Tim Beasley, 
Jack Fabbricante, and Roy Johnson, who 
has a year of eligibility left. Coach Dunn 
had high praise for the team's juniors. 



who came through for the team when 
they were really needed. They are Jon 
Brandon, Dave Douglas, Charlie Hall, 
Andy Hammond, and Joel James. 
Rounding out the squad were sopho- 
mores Chris Brown, Henning Geist, Peter 
Lusk, the Marks brothers, Steve and 
Paul, and freshmen Dave Kulakoff and 
John Forshay. 

The season's highlights had to be the 
victories over Springfield College and 
Temple. The Minutemen edged Spring- 
field 204.25-203.20 and nipped Temple 
in scoring their season's best total, 
207.40-206.30. 





NISSEN 



-7 









For the UMass hockey Minutemen, 
1974-75 was the season that was sup- 
posed to be, but never was. In fact, for 
the first time in six years, UMass 
found itself out of the Division Two 
playoffs. The optimism was never ful- 
filled. 

For one thing, the graduation of 
netminder Chick Rheault left the Min- 
utemen without an experienced goalie. 
Moreover, the team had an inexper- 
ienced defense led by sophomore Tim 
Howes, senior Bill Mintiens, and sen- 
ior co-captain Mike Ellis, who missed 
a number of games due to ankle and 
shoulder injuries. The rest of the blue- 



line corps was made up largely of in- 
experienced sophomores rushed into 
action. 

The all-senior forward line of John 
Muse, Steve Nims, and Kevin 
Conners promised to supply the bulk 
of the scoring punch, but a combina- 
tion of bad luck and inconsistent play 
made it a very tough year for the trio. 
The all-junior line of Scotty Stuart, 
Billy Harris, and Jim Lyons proved to 
be the top scoring unit but a late sea- 
son spleen injury to Harris cooled off 
the line and took away a large part of 
the UMass offense. 

Chris Lamby and twins Billy and 




J ^ m mi im!imm»m >, m »- ^ 




Bobby White were the surprise of the 
season. The fresh unit was a pleasure 
ail year for Coach Jack Canniff with 
center Lambys seventeen goals lead- 
ing the team, and the Whites' sterling 
checking gave trouble to opponents in 
the corners. 

When it comes down to a phrase 
that describes the UMass season, it 
has to be "a lot of offense couldn't 
win with a lack of defense. " Also, the 
injuries to Ellis, Harris, and number 
one goalie Dana Redmond helped to 
quench the skaters' post-season 
hopes, as they finished with a 10-14-1 
record. 




Selected at tryouts last spring, this 
year's cheerleaders consisted of 10 men 
and 10 women. This squad differed from 
any other squad due to its organization, 
precision, and overwhelming spirit. 
There are many memories that the '74- 
'75 squad will never forget. 

The cheerleaders will never forget the 
time on November 1, 1974 when 15 of 
them piled into one station-wagon and 
rode all the way to Colgate University in 
Hamilton, New York. Or, after ordering 
brand new uniforms, that all the cheer- 
leaders thought were better than any 



other, finding out that Colgate has the 
exact same taste in uniforms as UMass. 
Or, the time when 15 of the Cheerleaders 
had to sprawl over a lounge floor in one 
of Colgate's dorms to sleep. 

None of the cheerleaders can ever for- 
get their first game at Dartmouth, when 
they got completely drenched in their 
new, letterless uniforms. 

It was an excellent and exciting year 
for the squad, both home and on the 19 
road trips. The squad says good-bye and 
good luck to all their departing seniors, 
they all know who they are. 





honored on March 15, 1975 by being in- 
ducted into the Pennsylvania WrestUng 
Coaches Association Hall of Fame at the 
38th annual Pennsylvania state high 
school championships. 

Coach Barr had probably the toughest 
challenge in college wrestling at Univ. of 
Mass. He had to build a program in a 
wrestling-poor area with not too much 
funds, and not too much support. It is 
doubtful that some of the coaches at the 
lowas and the Oklahomas could have 
done half as well, had they been given 
the same situation. 

Homer Barr, a great wrestler, a great 
coach, and a great man! 




Coach Steven Kosakowski shuffled 
his netmen to a 5-4 spring season, 
capturing second place in the Yankee 
Conference championships. From cap- 
tain Chris Post, Marc Ouellet, Bar- 
naby Kalan, Dave Abramoff, Billy 
Karol, and Art Cloutier, more than a 
dozen doubles combinations were 
tested during the four-week season. 

The team lost their first three to BU, 
Amherst, and Tufts. Victories over 
Rhode Island and New Hampshire 
marked UMa.ss as a solid second in the 
conference. 

The midseason duel versus defend- 
ing conference champs Vermont high- 
lighted the year. The Cats edged 




UMass 5-4, but the tight match pro- 
voked optimism about the conference 
championships two weeks later. The 
netmen finished the regular season by 
taking four of the five final matches. 

The UMass delegation turned the 
end-of-season championships into a 
Catamount-Minuteman showdown. 
Five out of the six singles finals paired 
UMass against Vermont; the netmen 
kept close to the Cats' tails until the 
second day of competition, when the 
Minutemen lost the semifinal doubles 
matches. 

The netmen finished the '75 season 
by placing 18th at the New England 
Championships in Middlebury, Vt. 




Steve Kosakowski joined the 
UMass Athletic Department in 1945 
as a physical education instructor. In 
four years he worked his way up to 
become varsity tennis coach and 
Stockbridge Athletic Director, posi- 
tions he holds today. 

"He's one of the original troops 
here; He put in a lot of hard hours to 
build the athletic programs we enjoy," 
said baseball coach Dick Bergquist, 
who was a tennis student of Kosa- 
kowski's twenty-one years ago. 

In only his second season as head 
coach, Kosakowskis 1950 netmen 
captured the first Yankee Conference 
title in UMass history. Today his of- 
fice walls are lined with fifteen confer- 
ence plaques. 

In 1954 he started coaching UMass 
hockey as well as tennis. Before his 
twelve years as head coach were over, 
his Redmen had grabbed two hockey 
beanpots and seen their coach elected 
to the NCAA hockey coaches' Hall of 
Fame. 

Perhaps his "Old School" style of 
coaching and dealing with people un- 
derlies his success. 

"If you're no good, he tells you 
you're no good," remarked wrestling 
coach Homer Barr. 

"Outspoken, no matter what the 
consequences," is how a former 
hockey player described him. 

"This brusqueness is just a veneer 
for the goodness underneath," UMass 
head trainer Vic Keedy felt. 

Such a soft center has helped Kosa- 
kowski mold strong relationships with 
his players. 

"When they left here they didn't 
forget him," said Keedy. Kosakowski 
was not forgotten either; a steady 
stream of past and present athletes, 
fellow coaches, and friends stop into 
his office every day. 

"He's an easygoing, likeable indivi- 
dual, no matter what you thought of 
him as a coach," said Ron Lundgren, 
captain of the 1957 UMass hockey 
squad, stopping by for a visit eighteen 
years later. 

When they left here, they didn't 
forget him. 







.e- ■-im-iM 






There will be practice — unless the 
Connecticut is frozen, or the fog is so 
thick that you can't see the Hadley 
Bridge. 

That, apparently, was coach Bob 
Spousta's idea of the commitment he 
expected from the members of the 
Women's Crew Club. Those who 
stuck it out evidently decided that 6 
A.M. rows on the river, traipsing in 
and out of the boathouse carrying a 
sixty foot shell through the ever- 
pre.sent mud, jogging, lifting weights, 
and rowing on the ergometer were a 
worthwhile substitute for a social life. 
In a conglomeration of outfits that ap- 
peared to have been donated by the 



Salvation Army, the women arrived 
via thumb or Five-College bus at the 
boathouse six days a week. 

Spousta, the unpaid coach, be- 
decked always in army fatigues and 
red ski cap, rode up and down the 
river in the launch giving encourage- 
ment, criticism, and navigational tech- 
nique (and occasionally rowing in an 
empty seat when one of the dedicated 
rowers "overslept"). 

Spring semester brought the addi- 
tion of a third boat coached by Rose 
Sellew, a twenty-year-old sophomore 
who had rowed varsity previously. 
Rose taught her crew the finer arts of 
avoiding the whirlpools under the 



Calvin Coolidge Bridge, turning the 
boat around in less than an hour, row- 
ing relatively synchronized, keeping 
balanced, and staying out of the 
bushes on the west side of the river. 

Crew is very much a team sport re- 
quiring concentration, cooperation, 
and a great deal of unselfishness from 
each person; the teamwork involved 
creates a certain sense of comraderie 
among the members of the crew. The 
women's teamwork and diligence pro- 
duced a very successful spring season, 
racing BU, Connecticut College, Rad- 
cliffe, and Northeastern. They lost 
only to Radcliffe, the national cham- 
pions. 












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The UMass lacrosse team checked, 
saved, and scored their way to a suc- 
cessful nine wins and three losses dur- 
ing the 1975 season. Garber's Gorillas, 
as the team is more commonly known, 
with their "run and gun" style of 
play, were able to handle the great ma- 
jority of their opponents with ease. 
That can certainly be indicated by the 
fact that the stickers scored 206 goals 
while giving up only 103 during the 
season. 

UMass started out the season in si- 
milar fashion to the year before by 



losing their first two games to tough 
opponents during their trip to the 
lacrosse-talented confines of Long Is- 
land. In the first contest, the Gorillas 
played well but penalties killed them 
as they lost to Cornell (the second best 
lacrosse team in the nation) by a 16-10 
score. Game number two was marked 
by too many mental errors as they 
went down, 14-10, to Hofstra, another 
top-rated team. 

Then, in keeping with the similari- 
ties of the previous season, the 
stickers went on a seven game winn- 



ing streak, in which they usually "de- 
molished" their opponents. 

The only close game in that span 
was an 11-10 victory over Cortland 
State; otherwise, the Gorillas romped 
everywhere. They did it in the staid, 
metropolitan surroundings of Cam- 
bridge when they toyed with Harvard, 
15-7; they did it in the serene country 
atmosphere of Williamstown when 
they bombed Williams College 15-6. 

And they did it in the friendly con- 
fines of the hill behind Boyden Gym- 
nasium as they ran circles around 




Connecticut, Dartmouth, Boston Col- 
lege, New Hampshire, and Spring- 
field. 

The low point of the season for the 
Gorillas came when they were caught 
by the high-flying Bruins of Brown 
University, 15-8, and relinquished 
their New England championship they 
had won the season before. 

Scoring came fast and furiously all 
season with Jeff Spooner, Billy 
O'Brien, Kevin Patterson, and Frank 
Garahan leading the charge. The de- 
fensive corps was anchored by the 



tight play of Billy Blaustein, Kurt Ol- 
son, and Kenny Michaud; while at 
midfield, Terry Keefe, Steve Pappas, 
Vinnie LoBello, and John Martin 
headmanned the squad. 

When a team coached by Dick 
Garber takes the field, the outcome is 
never in question — for the players are 
always winners, regardless of the 
score of the game. 

Lacrosse coach Garber, in his 21st 
season at UMass, was again very suc- 
cessful, very well-liked, and very sa- 
tisfied with the season, even though 



the important Brown game went the 
other way this year. 

"Our team realized its own poten- 
tial," reflected the coach. And that is 
what is most important — that ever- 
yone be the best they can be. 

Garber has held this philosophy 
throughout his coaching years and 
practice of it has been extremely grati- 
fying. During his years at Massachu- 
setts, his teams have compiled an 
overall record of 163 wins and 62 
losses. Many times, the squads were 
the best divisional team in New Eng- 




land, and two years ago they were the 
best of everyone in New England 
when they beat Brown in a thriller. 

Coach Garber has also had his mark 
travel elsewhere as many of his former 
players are coaching lacrosse through- 
out the country, from high school le- 
vel on up. 

Dick Garber is a man who still sees 
the real meaning of sports at the col- 
lege level: quality, fun, and enjoyment 
for everyone; and he also is a man with 
the talent for building those types of 
teams with quality lacrosse. 





Although track coach Ken O'Brien 
and his squad hosted the 1975 New Eng- 
land Championships, the UMass track 
team failed in its bid to defend the New 
England title, which UMass captured in 
the spring of 1974. 

The indoor track squad compiled a 4-3 
dual meet record, captured the Yankee 
Conference championship and placed 
fifth in the New Englands. 

A few months later, O'Brien added se- 
veral individuals to his winter roster with 
hopes of an outstanding spring schedule. 
But when the first meet of the season was 
snowed out, the trackmen should have 
planned on one of those seasons in which 
not everything goes right. 






The tracksters had a 3-2 record 
during the outdoor slate, losing two 
close contests to powerhouses North- 
eastern and Dartmouth. Tri-captains 
Steve Crimmin, Mike Geraghty and 
Tom Beland led the team to its second 
straight victory at the Boston College 
Relays, but a second place finish in 
the Yankee Conference meet was a 
slight disappointment. 

Connecticut and Northeastern fin- 
ished ahead of UMass in the New 
Englands, which were held at the 
Llewleyn Derby Track. The Minute- 
men, as expected, were among the top 
finishers, capturing third place. 

The winter track schedule opened 




with a 70-48 triumph over Rhode Is- 
land as Tony Pendleton set a school 
record in the long jump, Other out- 
standing performers in the first meet 
were Curt Stegerwald, Joe Martens, 
Mark Healy and Tom Lonergan. 

The team travelled to Storrs for a 
quadrangular meet against UConn, 
Vermont and New Hampshire and 
scored 52 points for a second place 
finish. The Huskies won the meet 
with 67 points while New Hampshire 
and Vermont managed only 16 points 
each. 

The minutemen were idle for nearly 
eight weeks between the meet at Storrs 
and the next scheduled contest against 



Northeastern (after intersession). The 
tracksters were outclassed by a power- 
ful Northeastern squad, 76-42. Three 
days later, the track squad was nipped 
by Dartmouth 68'/2-67y2, after bat- 
tling back from a 62'/2-45y2 deficit. 
The Big Green victory spoiled record- 
breaking performances for the annual 
UMass-Dartmouth battle by Ken 
Adamson, Mark Healy, Chris Farmer 
and Randy Thomas. 

A balanced attack and several 
record-setting performances enabled 
the trackmen to win the Yankee Con- 
ference indoor title at Kingston, 
Rhode Island. Joe Martens was a dou- 
ble winner, placing first in the 50-yard 



dash and taking first in his specialty, 
the high jump. 

The tracksters did not do as well as 
they had hoped in the New England 
Indoor Championships managing only 
a fifth-place finish, scoring 16 points, 
Co-captains Randy Thomas and Bill 
Gillin placed second and third in the 
mile, the biggest event of the New 
England competition for UMass. Joe 
Martens tied for fourth in the high 
jump, Mark Healy tied for third in the 
600-yard run and the mile relay team 
of John Richard, Mark Healy, Curt 
Stegerwald, and Steve Crimmin 
rounded out the scoring with a second 
place showing. 




^ 




The top individual performances 
during the indoor schedule were by 
Randy Thomas and Joe Martens. 

The trackmen spent most of the 
outdoor season preparing for the New 
England competition, knowing that 
competing on their own track would 
be an advantage. O'Brien and his 
charges had to settle for third, as se- 
veral seniors participated in their last 
meet. 

Senior members on the team includ- 
ed Steve Crimmin, Devin Croft, Tom 
Beland, Mike Geraghty, Bill Gillin, 
Pete Ryan, Thomas and Weeden Wet- 




LitfHif^ 



^.-y*'.i 



'A^. 




^6-*C^>il'V 





I 



\ 








d 01^ ^ 









Inconsistency was the key word all 
season long as the baseball team came 
up with its second consecutive disap- 
pointing spring, finishing with a re- 
cord of 11-18. The sole consolation for 
the Minutemen was their second-place 
finish in the Yankee Conference. 

Senior co-captain Pete Backstrom 
and first baseman John Seed were the 
leading hitters on the squad. Back- 
strom batted .349 and led the team 
with four home runs, while Seed, a 
junior, hit .323 and led the squad in 
at-bats, hits, and doubles. Jerry Mon- 
dalto, who alternated at third base and 
shortstop, was elected most valuable 
player by his teammates. The junior 




led the squad in runs-batted-in, extra- 
base hits, and stolen bases (ten in ten 
attempts), while making just one error 
in 80 fielding chances. 

For a stretch in the first half of the 
season, junior righthander Craig Alle- 
grezza was the hottest pitcher in New 
England. Among his outstanding per- 
formances were a one-hitter against 
the University of New Hampshire and 
a three-hit shutout of Boston College. 

When Allegrezza tailed off in the 
second half of the year, sophomore 
Jeff Reardon became the squad's main 
hurler. A 6-0 shutout against Maine 
and a two-hit win over Dartmouth 
highlighted the hard-throwing righth- 




ander's season. 

Coach Dick Bergquist's squad was 
riddled with injuries which hampered 
its performance all spring. Senior co- 
captain John Healy's playing time was 
limited with a shoulder pull, Back- 
strom and catcher Jim Black each were 
out for extended stretches with 
hamstring pulls, and second baseman 
Mike Koperniak missed the last three 
weeks of the year with a dislocated 
finger. 

Bergquist will lose only three sen- 
iors for next year — Backstrom, Healy, 
and inf ielder Joe MarzilH. 









,'i' i!Sk#< '.'«•* -I'sJ'' '"~J» 'i ^ ix «..• aSl.'' 




Most people didn't even know. 
Others didn't care. But it is a fact that 
the UMass golf team, aside from 
men's lacrosse, was the only spring 
squad to gain national prominence. 

By placing second in the qualifica- 
tions for the Nationals, the golfers 
earned the chance to be one of two 
Eastern representatives in the NCAA 
championships in June. They would 
be competing against the best golfers 
in the country; a proud way to cul- 
minate a very prosperous fall and 
spring campaign. 

The golfers performed without the 



240 



acclaim of other sports primarily be- 
cause golf is not a spectator sport. In 
fact, it can be downright boring to 
watch. The sport requires the utmost 
in concentration, poise, and confi- 
dence from the athlete; hence, specta- 
tors find it dull. 

In the fall, the Minutemen out- 
classed all opponents by winning the 
New Englands by twenty-two strokes. 
They closed out the fall in impressive 
fashion as they tied Yale for the 
ECAC crown. 

In the spring, UMass compiled a 
10-0-1 record in their matches. After a 




/)»w*li 



thirty-two stroke victory in the con- 
ference championships, and a third 
JDlace finish in the seventeen team Sa- 
lem State tournament under nearly 
impossible weather conditions, the 
Minutemen accomplished what they 
had set as their goal a year earlier — 
qualifying for the Nationals in Co- 
lumbus, Ohio. 

Senior co-captain Joe Artman and 
teammates Rick Olson, Bill Locke, 
Glen Sullivan, John Lasek, and Howie 
Terban consistently turned in stellar 
performances on the links to pace the 
team. 
















i 



^un c^oo Luc 



"1^ 5 g 7~ 




^ Dr. Odiorne 
madeSBA 
Dean. 



IT 



U 





1^ 



Ford pardons 








Nixon. 








terHorst quits in 


Physical Ed 






protest. 


requirement 






students have 


dropped. 


Portugal frees 


Court ordered 


mixed 


"Deep Throat" 


Guina — 


busing begins 


reactions. 


SUB. 


Bissau. 


in Boston. 



17 



18 





First man seeks 


Evidence of 


amnesty 


Nixon's 


under Ford's 


involvement 


program. 


with 


Ira Trail named 


Watergate 


new Nursing 


revealed. 


Head. 



Tl — J? 



Hurricane FiFi 




Patty Hearst on 


kills 




FBI wanted 


thousands in 


Dr. Cox advances 


poster. 


Honduras. 


syphillis cure. 


Frances 


Walter Brennan 


Nixon enters 


Fitzgerald — 


and 


hospital. 


DVP Speaker. 


Jacqueline 


Kennedy not to 


U.S. suspends 


Suzanne dies. 


run in '76. 


aid to Turkey 


^6 






Wood asks 






enrollment 


I^HH^T'^HHiiS 




freeze in '76. 


^^^^Hfl^HHi 




Black Film 


^^^^^kV^^H 




Festival 


^~ 




begins. 




Cover-up trial 


t- - M:^/-^ 




begins 




tomorrow. 


■ "-^-'mf \| 




Truancy 


'■'JBr j J 




threatened to 


WdJi 




Boston school 


M .m 




boycottees. 







T^ 




T^ — 5T 



Jaworski 

subpoenas 

Nixon. 
Acpuncture now 

in Amherst. 
Every women's 

Center offers 

workshop 

series. 



3T 



Room to Move 

cuts back 

services. 
Montaque Nuke 

plant slated 

for '82. 
Colson asks for 

pardon. 






0©D 




I am writing about my rape — what happened to me — because I think it is important for rape to be demytholo- 
gized for women. By that I mean that I feel women should be able to think of rape on a practical level, realizing it 
may happen to you and preparing to prevent it rather than dismissing it as an impossibility or being paralyzed by 
the fear of it. 

I imagine some of you women may not want to read about it. I don't blame you at all. For a long time (a year 
after it happened) I did not talk about it or even think about it because it was too painful. I repressed it and that 
was self-destructive. Since I have recognized that, I have tried to deal with it in various ways, e.g. by doing a role- 
play in which I got free from the attacker and screamed two beautiful terrifying screams in the process, and only 
recently by talking about it in a matter-of-fact way, telling people what happened without being melodramatic. 

I think it is important not to assume that if you are raped, it will emotionally cripple you forever. My advice to 
all women is: learn self-defense, learn to protect yourself by the way you dress, the way you interact with people, 
the places you go, etc. Please don't wait to be raped before you decide to learn self-defense. It is not worth it. Don't 
let fear of rape tie you to the house. If you are raped, call the closest women-run rape hot-line number and don't 
repress your feelings; let them out right away with a woman friend or a feminist counselor. Get a woman to go with 
you to the police. 

Here's what happened. I was hitchhiking on a highway with two friends. We split up to get rides easier and I was 
standing alone behind them. A huge truck stopped next to me, not them. I should have been suspicious already. I 
asked if he'd take me and my friends. He said he'd take only one person because any more would be illegal. (I think 
his picking up anyone was illegal) That was a clear indication not to get in, but I got in. 

We talked some and after a while he asked if I wanted to make some money, i said no very firmly and added how 
sick I was of propositions. He said, "Okay, sorry, just thought I'd try." I believed that he was giving up! At this point 
now I would try various tactics to get him to let me out, preferably in a public place, e.g. I would say, "I have to use 
a bathroom," or, "I think I'm going to be car-sick," or something similar. 

After some more talk he pulled off the road into a truck pull-off (no one else was there) and got out "to check 
the refrigerated food" he was carrying, i could have easily have gotten out then. He might have chased me but I 
could have run into the middle of the road and stood on the yellow line and screamed until I got a car to stop. He 
got back in, turned around, and opened a small vent behind him in the sleeper (a small raised bed in large trucks 
for the driver to sleep) and asked me to open the vent on my side. I could not reach it without climbing into the 
sleeper. Even at this point I could probably have made it out of the truck if I moved fast. But I climbed into the 
sleeper and he jumped in after me before I got to the vent. I tried to squeeze past him but he completely blocked 
the opening. He was very big. 

He began trying to take my clothes off and I was pushing his hands away and crying. I was acting totally 
impulsively, not using my mind at all, because I'd never thought about what I would do in that situation. I began 
babbling anything that came out, about how it was no good that way, we didn't know each other, why didn't he find 
someone who wanted to do it, etc. Three different times he got me on my back with his hands around my neck and 
squeezed, harder each time. 

A car pulled into the pull-off place and that freaked him out. He told me not to scream and I didn't. In general I 
do recommend screaming. When I screamed in my role-play later the guy doing it with me said he thought it would 
be an effective deterrent. 

Then the car left and he raped me. Physically it was nothing, not painful or sexual at all. My feeling the whole 
time was that my personhood was being violated. It was over very quickly. I think he was scared by the car and 
decided he had better leave fast. It makes me glad not that it probably wasn't worth it for him. 

I told him that if I had to have an abortion he had to pay for it. He said, "Don't worry, I was fixed in 'Nam." Could 
be. Anyway he was not about to give me his address so I hoped he was telling the truth. He told me to stay lying 
down in the sleeper until he said to come out. That gave me just enough time to start hating him. 

When I came out he could tell I was boiling with rage. He tried to talk to me. He gave me this whole line about 
how he didn't know I meant "no" because lot of "Girls said no and meant yes." He offered me money again and I 
told him I'd tear it to shreds. He told me he could always pick out the ones that were willing and that I looked like 
I had a nice "box." That was supposed to flatter me! Now I try to wear loose non-feminine clothes and to act as un 
witling as possible when I hitchhike. 

He asked me several times if I would report him. I said no and I didn't. Now I would say no but it would be a lie. 
Then I told him it would not help me to hurt him back, but now I would want to keep him from raping more women. 
He told me I was lucky, that some men would also have beat my head and thrown me on the ground. I knew that 
was true. 

I do still hitchhike (rarely), short distances alone and long distances only with a friend. I haven't had any trouble 
since then because I have learned that I can refuse rides if I feel uncomfortable about the driver (even if I don't 
understand why) or ask to be let out if i start feeling strange once I get in. It is possible to hitchhike and not be 
raped if you aren't naive. 







Reports of rapes at UMass are still 
few and far between, constituting 
the biggest problem in an otherwise 
successful Rape Counseling Pro- 
gram established in January 1975. 

Despite the installation of a confi- 
dential rape line in the department, 
reports have remained about the 
same as before, although the line is 
open on a 24 hour basis, and is 
accessible to the general public. 

"Most victims don't report a rape 
for fear of being attacked again. 
We're trying to encourage them to 
report because, more often than 
not, the person has committed 
more than one rape," says Diana 
White, former Special Assistant at 
the UMass Department of Public Sa- 
fety. 

This new program at UMass, is 
designed to make the "trauma of 
rape" less of a trauma, according to 
White. 

As of the new year, a law was 
passed requiring every police de- 
partment to form special rape in- 
vestigation units, with properly 
trained officers. 

A five-day workshop, with this 
goal in mind, was conducted in Fe- 
bruary at Brandeis University. 
Twenty-five officers from around 



the country participated in the 
workshop, and returned to their 
precints, to conduct their own train- 
ing sessions. Events at the work- 
shops included lectures by psycho- 
logists, doctors, and people involved 
in rape crisis centers. 

The general message conveyed at 
the workshop, was to place empha- 
sis on the well-being of the victim in 
rape case. 

"It is important to realize the 
trama the victim in a rape case is 
going through," said White, who at- 
tended the workshops. 

UMass officers have been sent to 
the Boston School of Nursing in 
order to become certified counsel- 
ing instructors. Other officers have 
been sent to the Holoyoke Police 
Academy for training. 

In addition, the UMass Rape 
Counseling Program consists of lec- 
tures given by police officers, at var- 
ious dorms on campus. The pro- 
gram also includes, on request, six 
week courses in self-defense, given 
at Boyden and WOPE, also con- 
ducted by UMass police officers. 

The most recent advancement in 
the UMass Rape Counseling Pro- 
gram concerns the joint effort of 
the Every Women's Center, the 



UMass Health Services, and the 
UMass Mental Health Services. 

According to Captain Robert 
Joyce of the UMass Police Depart- 
ment, these sources are joining to- 
gether with the police, in order to 
"lend a helping hand", and provide 
better service for the victim. 

At meetings held during the 
summer months, information was 
exchanged between these various 
groups, in an effort to aid in the 
assistance of rape cases. Joyce said 
the campus should see the efforts 
of these "exchange" sessions in the 
Fall. 

"The welfare of the victim is top 
priority; then, we attempt to identify 
the perpetrator," said Joyce. 

The UMass Rape Counseling Unit 
makes itself available to the sur- 
rounding areas of Amherst, Hadely, 
Shutesbury, and, as far as Worces- 
ter. 

However, in order for the pro- 
gram to be reaped to its fullest ex- 
tent, rapes must be reported. Many 
times, it has been discovered, the 
perpetrator has committed several 
rapes. Thus, the best way to prevent 
more rapes, is to report them. 



^Un c*i)cJn luc, cjed Inur IT'] fSt 



Cuba wants 

better 

relations. 
Nixon unable to 

travel. 
New Africa 

House Art 

exhibit. 



8 



UMass 

astronomers 

discover new 

pulsar. 
I.R.A. bomb kills 

5 and injures 

65. 



Ford vows to 

halt price 

hikes. 
Boston police 

battle whites 

blocking 

buses. 




II 





Mixed reactions 


Cindy Iris 


Boston requests 


to Ford's 


ejected first 


U.S. aid. 


economy 


female 


Beer price rises 


speech. 


Student 


at Hatch and 


Students to get 


Attorney 


Bluewail. 


overtime pay. 


General. 



vr 



TF 



u 




13 



\4 




20 



TT 



T^ 



W 



J.S. program 
under fire 

Ed Sullivan 
dies. 

Ford's popularity 
drops 18% 



G. Gordon Liddy 
out on bail. 

U.N. admits 
Palistine 
Liberation 
Organization. 



National Guard 
watches over 
Boston. 

Residency law to 
face test. 



Ford testifies 

"no deal with 

Nixon." 
GNP declines. 
Boston 

attendance 

climbs. 
Rocky's wife has 

cancer 

surgery. 



T5 Jl T^ 55 5^ 





Jury selection 




begins in 




Kent State 




trial 




Supreme Court 




prevents 




restrications 


Bromery 


on abortions. 


dedicates 


Ford gets cheers 


library. 


in Mexico. 



Funding for off- 
campus 

housing 

likely. 
Cost of living 

climbs 12.1% 

this year. 
Police finds 

weapons in 

Boston 

schools. 



itg^ 



1^ 55 T\ 



Whites beat Hub 




"^^T^ 


?!=-_ 


Blacks. 




qHH^ 




Gov. dumps 
UMass Law 




^m 


M^- 


School. 




■'% 4 




Credit Union 


UMies back 


w % 


U^" 


drops 
students. 


looser drug 
laws. 




E 



Ti 5^ 



Ford repeals "no 
knock" law. 

Max Roach holds 
Jazz Jam. 

Conference to 
aid alcoholics. 



Nixon in shock. 




CIBIM© CITf 

Southwest — cement city, crazy capital of the campus. Nightlife, partytime is all the time, and silence isn't even 
in the vocabulary. Living in Southwest could be a fate worse than death to some, based on its famed reputation for 
insanity. 

The attitude of "anything goes" seems prevalent there, the reason being simply because it is Southwest, which 
automatically provides license and excuse for bizarre behavior. Contrary to popular belief, however. Southwest does 
have its quiet times and many sane people live there and enjoy it. 

True, we're packed like sardines in brick and cement, plagued by broken elevators and two Dining Commons, but 
with the right attitude and a little tolerance. Southwest can be an interesting place to live. Our problems are the 
same as those of any other residential area on campus, just on a larger scale. People and what they do are no 
different here than anyplace else — it's just that we live with the myth and sometimes stigma of SOUTHWEST. 
There's a lot to do in Southwest, even if it's just lying around on Horseshoe Beach (as our little patch of grass is 
sometimes called) on a sunny day. 

Southwest is convenient, and there are no hills to trudge when carrying all your books from the Annex. Mud is 
minimal in the UMass rainy season as we are surrounded by a lot of cement. Boyden Gym is near to take a swim, 
and the stadium is a mere fifteen minute hike. Hitchhiking, a popular Southwest sport is aided by highways on two 
sides of the area. Yes, Southwest has it all. 

The controversal and wild nightlife of Southwest is not really all that wild or controversal. There are a lot of 
parties, especially on weekends, but that happens anywhere. Our parties really do not have any more beer or louder 
music than anyplace else, but we try harder — for the sake of our image. 

Even studying in Southwest is interesting. The first interesting thing is that anyone does or can study in South- 
west, and the second thing is that on any given all-nighter, sitting in the dorm study lounge with the window open, 
one can hold conversations with those returning from Blue Wall four hours after closing. 

Southwest will probably never change. It will never become known as a tranquill, passive little place. But then 
again, who would want it to? What would people come to UMass to see? It's a fantasyland with a lot of people playing 
f risbee all the time, but it takes your mind off the rest of the real-world problems. 

Southwest has spirit and character. The lights are on all night and you can call a friend you haven't see in weeks 
at 4 a.m. and not have to worry about waking them up, just whether or not they'll be home. 

There is one problem, though — do the trash collectors have to come around and be so noisy at 7 a.m.? After all, 
when do they expect us to get any sleep around here? 

Southwest, a great place to live, you might even visit there, after all those people are always having a good time! 



^un (y:>on Lue cjed Lnur fr] ^^ 





Amherst College 

to go co-ed. 
Nixon removed 

from critical 

list. 
Brittany Manor 

controversy. 



Bromery 
opposes 
rejection of 
UMass Law 
Sctiool. 



On-campus 
residency 
defended for 
financial 
reasons. 



Dukakis tops 
Sargent. 



II 



n 



u 



Ed. Marathon 

begins. 
Galley freed. 
Kent State 

Guardsmen 

innocent. 
SGA-town 

meeting in SUB. 
Students fight 

for jobs. 



Hamlin residents 
rally. 



Blackout hits 

campus. 
Boston Ballet to 

perform. 
Arafax arrives at 

UN today. 



y 



Mitchell, 

Ehrlichman, 

Parkinson 

request new 

trial. 
Student control 

of dorms 

illegal. 
Trustees dodge 

SGA demands. 



\4 



student Senate 

supports 

Hamlin battle. 
AIM asks US 

Gov't to drop 

Wounded 

Knee charges. 




Bromery says 

dorms 

voluntary by 

September 

75. 
Nixon goes 

home. 
UMass crime 

rate up by 

50%. 



w 



19 



2^ 21 



T5 U 



Ford journeys to 
Japan. 



T^ 5^ 




Auto insurance 
rate to 
increase. 



Arabs free 

hostages. 
Ford home after 

Arms talk. 
UMass hosts 

Vets 

conference. 



U Thant dies. 

Mitchell and 
Ehrlichman 
acquitted by 
Sirica. 

Selectmen 
appoint 
Town- 
University 
Mason. 



SGA votes down 

support for 

rally for 

forced dorm 

living. 
Whitmore 

supports 

dorm tax of 

$170. 



^ 5^ 





11 CllTllL 



Most of Central is about as far from the center of campus as is possible, 
even though Noah Webster, this area's infamous lexicographer has defined 
Central as "in, at, or near the center." However, enticing as the name may 
be, current opinion polls indicate that Webster is wrong. 

In winter, the buses find it hard to climb the hill, but dining commons' trays 
always seem to make it down. The Physical Plant was very considerate not 
long ago when they dug a ditch at the base of the Hill to catch trays, cu- 
shions, cardboard, and sundry items. Fortunatly, for those who hit very hard, 
the infirmary was only footsteps away. 

Another popular winter sport is the after-dinner snowball fights in and out 
of the windows of Brett and Wheeler. 

As winter wanes and the weather gets warm, sporting activities change. 
Before spring had even sprung, Gumby was back again on his perch and the 
realty signs reappear; Baker is once again "For Sale." The backyard of Baker 
rapidly becomes the muddiest football field in the east, with the front of the 
Franklin Dining Commons running a close second. The grounds around Van 
Meter soon are spotted with sunworshipers and "beauties" in bikinis. 

But that's not all; In the wee hours of darkness nude beauties can be found 
galloping, trotting and sauntering beneath the windows, with their lily-white 
bottoms and other accessories glistening in the moonlight. They come in all 
shapes, sizes and colors, by all modes of transportation. 

Central Area will always remember the consistant rivalry for the obscenity 
medal between Van Meter, Butterfield, Baker, Chadbourne, and Greenough. 
Occasionally, Orchard Hill members even chime in. But no dorm can come 
close to the Chadbournites; they always win the gold medal. Everyone contin- 
ues to wonder, "Do Chadbournites really eat with those mouths?" 

Back in the "old-days", before obscenity and nudity, Central residents 
indulged in such risque'' activities as panty-raids and water fights, with wet 
toilet paperballs as the ammo supply. Central suffered sore bottoms when the 
supply ran out and the University switched to a more regimented, cheaper 
brand. 

Other favorite activities of Central residents include roofwalking and Frat 
raids with Gorman. However, for the lonely giHs in Central, B.V.D. raids came 
to a rapid halt. One semester was devoted to the renovation of Greenough 
and another whole semester to tarring the roof of Wheeler. 

Central has eleven dorms in their area, although two of them are disquised. 
These are Hills, housing many different types of offices, and New Africa 
House, Central's only cultural asset. The most unique dorm in the area is 
Butterfield, whose Gothic arches alert you to the fact that it has its own 
dining commons. Butterfield also houses many of the University's exchange 
students. 



^un coon lU^ cJ^d lloUr fn — W^ 

1 5 5 1 § K -7 — 



Wilbur Mills 
appears with 
Fanne Foxe in 
Boston. 

Bike paths 
considered. 



Bromery 
requests audit 
for School of 
Education. 



Democrats vote 
to cut Wilbur 
Mill's power. 



Chile expert 
speaks at CC 



^ 



T^ 



11 






Rockefeller 




OK'd as 41st 




Vice 


S.O.C. halts bank 


President. 


action. 


Mills quits. 


Greek parliament 


Solzhenitsyn 


meets for 


accepts Nobel 


first time in 7 


award. 


years. 


Classes end. 







tn^ 




cjccl ihur 



^nr7 



19 



21 



T^ m 5^ 



3^ TT 




35 55 5T 



Bromery 
confirms 





©1 111 MILL 

Situated in the center of the square formation of four identically con- 
structed dorms is the park area of Orchard Hill. On a brilliant sunny day early 
in the fall semester, many a Hill resident can afford the leisure time to laze 
around on the grass and attempt to upkeep his/her summer tan. Each stu- 
dent knows well that once the homework piles on, there will be few hours to 
devote to sunbathing or the aimless pleasure of relaxation. 

While the grass-lovers soak up the sun, a duo of more ambitious residents 
flick a frisbee high across the square to their friends waiting on the sixth floor 
balcony. Tonight, a floor party will be held in the balcony and its adjoining 
lounge This early semester party provides a planned opportunity for floor 
members to become acquainted and begin new friendships. 

Many Orchard Hill residents believe coed living, which prevails in all four 
houses, to be one of the most educational aspects of the University. In 
addition, the relative seculsion of the Hill from the rest of the campus serves 
to create an intimate atmosphere where residents may come into contact 
with each other more often than do residents of the other residential areas. 

If a resident feels he would prefer to be surrounded by people supporting 
a similar cause to his own, he may room on the Liberationists' or Third World 
Corridors. A Women's Center and a Third World Center also offer related 
personal services and information to people seeking to explore new insights 
and questions. 

Besides the regular University courses. Orchard Hill offers inter- 
disciplinary courses for the student who wants to work first-hand in human 
concern areas. Some of these courses combine involvement in Orchard Hill 
services, as the student in the Journalism course writes for the area new- 
spaper, "The Sage." At the commencement of the semester, the resident 
realizes the ease of taking courses offered within his living area and the 
individual learning experience to be gained. 

One particular course which students find valuable is "Making a Life, Mak- 
ing a Living". This course gained its popularity by specializing in preparing 
the student for occupational life outside of the campus and thereby repre- 
sents the total emphasis of all the interdisciplinary courses. 

The uniqueness of the living and academic atmosphere at the first residen- 
tial college on campus must be attributed to not only the participating resi- 
dents, but especially to the area staff. All too often, the students do not 
realize that the primary mission of this staff is to provide the best possible 
intellectual, psychological and physical conditions so that a student may 
expand his or her inner self into the complete person he or she intends to 
become at UMass. 




1 



^Un c*t>cJn lu€, cjccl Lnur fr^ ?^ 




8 



UMass not to 
enforce dorm 
requirments 
for two 
students. 



UMass one of 30 

largest 

colleges. 
Peru in slate-of- 

emergency. 
State 

unemployment 

rate is 10%. 



FBI wants 

School of Ed 

records 

secret. 
Jackson to run 

for 

Presidency. 



n 



TJ 



\4 









Plans for JFK 






Library in 


Dr. Ediln 




Amherst. 


abortion trial 




"Boston 8" 


continues. 




raises funds 


Search for new 




for Daniels. 


School of Ed 


Ford attacks US 


School of Ed. 


Dean 


dependence 


endorses 


continues. 


on foreign oil. 


Fischer. 



University 

resource fee 

inevitable. 
SGA faces deep 

financial 

trouble. 
I.R.A. begins 

truce. 
Acupuncture 

seminar offered. 



Outside group 
may examine 
School of Ed. 

George Carlin 
ruled 
obscene. 

Ford nominates 
woman for 
Cabinet. 



18 



19 



T5 J\ 



TT 




Kissinger and 
Gromyko 
work on arms 
treaty. 



Fischer chosen 
by Bromery. 

Boston to 
consider 
repeal of 
imbalance 
law. 



Shale oil grant 

given to 

Chem. Dept. 
Ediin begins 

work at 

hospital. 



Officials say 
dorm policy 
not illegal. 

Gluckstern may 
vacate 
provost post. 



TJ 



"55 IB TJ 1§ 



Cambodia needs 

$222 million. 
Ginsberg and 

others have 

poetry 

reading. 



Student 

employees 

organize 

union. 
Ford pushes tax 

cut. 
Indians seize 

New Mexico 

electronics 

plant. 



Daniels trial 

starts Friday. 
Boston busing 

cost'$26 

million. 



Elijah 
Muhammed 
dies. 



Student sues 
UMass over 
dining 
commons 
policy. 

Environmental- 
Science major 
approved. 





mAM 



There they stand; old and weathered. They surround a grassy area known 
as "the Quad." To outsiders, it's called Northeast — "those dorms across 
from the Grad Center." 

Many people like its small size. "You get to know people better that way." 
There's a community feeling and alot of "personal interaction." Perhaps 
that's why people who start with Quad, stay there while they live on-campus. 

There's the old walls and the old furniture. "Remember," says a janitor, 
"no nails in the walls." 

And, of course, there's the yelling between dorms. Someone asks for quiet. 
But, three minutes later, someone else is using his stereo as a mike. But, 
Quad isn't always like this. It's often quiet. 

You don't always have to be outgoing to know people there. There's the 
"open door policy" if you want people to know they're welcome. 

And the sense of community trust seems strong. People aren't afraid to 
leave their doors open. 

Hamlin is closed now. But, that's so the Physical Plant can enlarge the 
rooms. 

Then, there's the four coed dorms. Leach is going coed soon and maybe 
the other three dorms will change, too. 

And the volleyball courts? From dawn to dusk, there's always a game. 

There's few parties in Quad. But, the Halloween Dance and Senior Day 
make up for it. Maybe it's better that way. 

But, this is the Quad. Small and quiet. And this is the reason people live 
there. Still, there's Freshman Orientation during the summer and it's often 
noisy. But, that's only for a short time. Soon, everything will be back to 
normal. And the old, weathered dorms will still be there. 



^Un c^cJn Lue, cjed Inur fnl ^5t 





us to grow 
opium. 

Allen slashes out 
at HEW 
policies. 

Food Service 
purchasing 
food against 
state laws. 



Price freeze 

hinted. 
Slattery hires 

lawyer for 

class action 

suit. 




fVAT>V, ■ 



^ 



Dukakis warns 
of tution hike. 

Married housing 
may be co-op. 



II 



IT 



Starvation plaguing 

Cambodia. 
Universal fee 

alternatives 

explored. 
HUD woman sworn in. 
S.O.P. reports D.C. 

eaters getting poor 

nutrition and 

high prices. 



w 



student Senate 

budget cut by 

$83,000. 
Portugal tightens 

political 

control. 
State Senate 

repeals 

imbalance 

law. 



w 



i1 — R 




Bill Densmoreto 

sue UMass for 

School of Ed 

records. 
Glucksern 

considered for 

Maryland position. 
Sheriff Buckley 

urged grass 

decriminalization. 



T<5 J\ 



T^ 



22 











Gluckstern to 










leave UMass 


Gallo and UFW 








for Maryland. 


to debates in 


South Vietnam 






Budget cut stirs 


SUB. 


abandons 


Onassis buried. 


Rent control to 


confusion. 


Indian hunting 


highlands. 


Task force to 


be extended. 


Maiden names 


rights hit by 


Hamlin house to 


demonstrate 


Administration 


OK'd for 


wildlife 


reopen for 


till Dukakis 


hit with 


married 


groups. 


students. 


OK's meeting. 


budget cut. 


women. 





3? 5^ T7 1§ 3^ 



Decision on 

School of Ed. 

records 

expected. 
Clemency 

program ends 

at midnight. 




IWTWIfefcl 

Rising majestically aside Eastman Lane stands Sylvan: tall, picturesque, 
overtly concrete. Peopled with the veterans of hard study and intramural 
conquest, of courtyard boogies and Frisbee colloquia. Home of the MudSlide 
and traditional Newt lore. Why is it so silent now? 

The quiet is broken as the sound of footprints is heard in the distance. And 
then a little voice. 

"What's the color of shit?" is the query which fills the courtyard's ears. 

"Brown!" is the triumphant reply from the dorm coincidently of the same 
name. 

The silence is shattered. 

Sylvan is a whirlwind, a small area with a large pulse. Tired of being looked 
upon as a concrete zit on the campus complexion, Sylvanites have banded 
together to make this place something special. Where else can a person ride 
the Subway without going anywhere, and walk home with a grinder? 

Sylvan is art. The Cashin Bud Man. The Brown Lounge mural. The puke on 
the McNamara stairs. 

Sylvan is innovation. Cricket in the hallway. Prom Night for floor suite- 
hearts. A weekly subscription to the "Sylvan Parchment." 

People with sloped heads consider Sylvan as enigma, a dormoritorial con- 
tradiction in terms. How can these student bodies live in the most expensive 
but least spacious rooms on campus and say they like it? Are they truly 
deranged, or is there a charismatic force keeping them on the Sylvan side of 
the tracks? 

"Well, the hallways are conducive to water fights." 

"I don't know. I don't live here." 

"The suites are so much more personalized." 

"I enjoy falling down in the mud." 

"The best sunsets on campus." 

"Maybe it's the prospect of appearing on WSYL-TV." 

Sylvan. How does one capsulize a day-to-day living and learning experience 
waking up on Saturday morning to build a park passing out on 

Saturday night in a neighbor's lounge . 

Sylvan is diversification. The area tries so hard to be different that it has 
evolved a sense of pride which one can sense while munching Cocoa Krispies 
on the way to classes. 

Land of the Little Cubicles. Concrete City. Newtville. Sylvan is so many 
things. But most . 

Sylvan is people. 



^Un c^<in lue. cj€,ol Inur Ir] f^ 





UMass should 


Universal fee no 


try to improve 


longer viable. 


image. 


Sylvan TV 


Unemployment 


premiers 


hits 11% in 


tonight. 


Mass. 



JU 



u 



T 



8 



II 




^jjjjS,eEss.f; 



VC shell saigon. 

Taiwan mourns 
death of 
Chiang Kai- 
Shek. 

7 die in Ireland. 



Thieu's palace 
bombed by S. 
Vietnam 
planes. 

Campus Center 
fee held at 
same rate. 



Thieu not to 
resign. 



Senate backs 
unionization. 

Debaters rank 
high in 
tourneys. 



Ford ask for$l 
billion for 
South 
Vietnam. 



T^ 



TJ 



T? T^ 



W 



IT 



18 



Wood withholds 

School of Ed. 

records. 
Forced dorm 

living for over 

21-ers 

predicted by 

Gage. 




Town meeting. 

7 students apply 
for Vice- 
chancellor 
job. 

UMTA worried 
over co-op 
plans. 



Town meeting 

OK's 13 

demands. 
Ronald Reagan 

visits 

Amherst. 
Jury acquits 

Connelly. 




25 21 



T^ J^ 













Wood takes 




Bromery accepts 






Campus votes 


voluntary pay 


Boston 


town meeting 






today on 


cut. 


Marathon 


demands. 






strike. 


JFK Library still 


today. 


Thieu resigns. 






Wood to reveal 


uncertain. 


Portuguese fight 


Communists 






cuts. 


Heavy turnout 


before 


launch 


Densmore granted 


Dept. phase-outs 


for strike 


elections. 


offensive. 


access 


to records. 


expected. 


referendum. 



T7 55 55 W 1\ 





Emergency 


Students back 


evacuation 


moratorium. 


from Saigon 


Patriots may be 


begins. 


barred from 


Death penalty 


Emerson. 


passed. 











0^ 1# Al§ IWlf 



For the commuting student, college life changes when a student moves to an apartment, either alone or with 
others. Responsibilities increase along with the freedom. Noise levels dim after leaving the dorm and the total 
experience is altered. 

Hours of weekly driving to get to and from UMass, with prayers that the car will keep operating, mix with glimpses 
of the younger set on the sports field on the way past Boyden Gymnasium. 

To the freshman right out of the senior year of high school, UMass offers an education for that dream career. 
Parties, sports events and involvement in clubs and political associations offset living in dorms and eating in the 
regimental cafeterias. 

To the senior, and others living off-campus UMass offers the same only one is rewarded with the choice of what 
a student is going to eat and is given a greater living space in doing so. Even the boring sandwiches, in discreet 
brown paper bags, that all look alike by the end of the semester are a student's own concoction. The choice of 
peanut butter and jelly or imported ham with Swiss cheese is totally up to the student, not what someone from the 
dining commons feels you should be eating for lunch. 

Housework for students living in apratments soon becomes a reality. Taking care of one-half of a room is a lot 
different than keeping several rooms clean. 

The house looks like chaos; someone forget to think about washing the dishes. Oh well, that's the other half of a 
commuting students' life. There's no separate bubble of existence. 

It's like a nine-to-five job, only more enjoyable. Of course, there are long hours of study, even no sleep on some 
nights. However, UMass is left to its lit, highrise buildings and counselors for pals each night. 

The drive home offers time to be alone and do all the necessary unwinding. If students do not have cars then the 
University provides bus service all day and night to get students where they're going, whether it be to school or to 
visit a friend in another apartment complex. 

A student's apartment is mostly furnished with relatives' cast-offs, "early American slum" with posters and other 
artwork hung on the walls. This mixture added to a wide variety of plants puts the stamp of individuality on 
complexes, which really do not differ that much from the poor construction of the dorms. 

The kitchen provides either added delight or frustration to students. Attempts made at cooking can bring varying 
results. Cooking ventures can range from homemade breads, soups, dinette cake to coffee cakes that come out of 
the oven resembling moon-craters or meat that has been cooked so long that none of the knives can cut it, never 
mind any stomachs trying to digest it. Some students stick faithfully to TV dinners or pot-pies, but they are really 
missing the creative joy afforded by being in charge of a kitchen. 

For all the traveling, blending of housework and studying, sacrificing of time to study, time set aside for those 
who must work, the changes soon become so routine that it seems so natural. The commuting student, living away 
from home, is given so much more freedom that it is hard not to truely enjoy the years away from the dorms. 



I'lKII: 




^Un c*;>cJn lue 





Dukakis speaks 
to more than 
3,000 on 
budget cuts 
in SUB 

Moe Howard 
dies at 78. 

Ford requests 
aid for 
refugees. 



Vietnam 
refugees flood 
into US 



O'Keefe elected 

SGA 

President, but 

will resign in 

October. 
Alfange takes 

over as 

Provost. 



^ 



Student leaders 

begin to cut 

their budget. 
Ford requests 

acceptance 

for flood of 

immigrants. 
700 volunteer 

blood for Red 

Cross. 
McGovern tours Cuba. 



Wood says no to 
budget cuts. 

46 UMass profs 
granted 
tenure. 

Graduated 
Income tax on 
1976 ballot. 



Profs claim 

budget cut for 

tenure 

denials. 
Wood fears 

service cuts. 
Library cuts 

magazine 

subscriptions. 



T5 R T? r^ 




TT 



Spring Concert 
ShaNaNa 



T^ 



Tax hikes 

permanent. 
Soviet warship 

detente. 



T^ 



Dukakis awaits 
student input 
to budget 
cuts. 

Cambodians 
seize US ship. 

Daniels retrial 
set for fall. 



Ford alerts 

Marines and 

seeks Chinese 

aid. 
Laos evacuation 

starts. 
O'Keefe admits 

error. 



UMass junior 
leaps to death 
from library. 

Marines rescue 
Mayaguez 
crew. 



T5 — T\ T5 5^ TT 







r 



111 ipi 

■©I IIILIMI 




Picture the frat man of 1953. He's a slightly despondent creature who enjoys football, rallies, Hell Night, sorority 
girls and drinks a little too much beer. If he had his way, his "rah-rah" existence would never end and the beer 
would never run out. But what about the frat man of 1975? What's important to him? 

The elements that constitute Greek life today are not what they were in 1953. Greek organizations are changing 
all across the country and UMass Greeks are no exception. The most predominant factor in a student's decision to 
"Go Greek" today is that Greek life is a viable alternative life style on modern campuses. At their conception, 
fraternities and sororities were primarily social, elitist organizations which oftentimes housed the wealthier faction 
of the student body. In 1975, the "visions of grandeur" associated with Greek life have vanished. What exists now 
is a life style offering comfort, social life, responsiblity and most importantly, a chance to know well a small group 
of people on a campus of over 20,000. 

A fraternity in 1953 could afford to participate in destructive pledge or in the "blackballing" of potential members. 
Twenty-two years ago no one questioned the practices of fraternities. Whatever they did was considered to be fun 
and a sign of the times. As time went on, however, fraternites were forced to re-examine themselves and their 
priorities. The early seventies saw Greek life at its lowest ebb. Students were turning to the Vietnam War as a center 
of activity. Fraternities and sororities were too frivolous a pastime when the country was engaged in a war. The 
mood of students changed as they set their sights and goals toward trying to involve themselves in national affairs. 
In order to survive, Greek life had to mold itself to the changing needs of students. As a result, Greek organizations 
have virtually eliminated "hazing" and other destructive, discriminatory practices. Greek activities have taken a turn 
toward the practical and productive. Because of this fact and those factors mentioned earlier, Greek living is on its 
way back. In the past year, the Greek area at UMass had a 35% increase in membership, a figure that is nearly 
double that of the national average. 

In 1975, Greeks engaged in a number of activities that served to increase their potential as a strong active area 
^ on campus. The Executive officers of the Greek Council developed an area newsletter as well as an alumni 
* newsletter, a well-rounded program of colloquia, a peer-sex education program and a Women's Week, as well as 
developing an effective campaign against the threat of a "Universal Fee". 

Yet, even though they are diversifying their interests, fraternities and sororities are still the sponsors of the 
traditional college activities. Homecoming, Winter Carni and Greek Week are still Greek domain and if the Greeks 
didn't support them they would, in all probability, die. But of course, supporting campus traditions will always be 
important to Greeks. At least these days, it's not all that's important. 



L 



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You are graduating at a most difficult time, a time that will require the full 
measure of the knowledge and experience that you have acquired in your years 
here on this campus . . . For those of you graduating today, in fact for all of 
us, the central issue of our times is how we learn to understand and how we 
choose to respond to these crises. 

Chancellor Randolph W. Bromery 




// is the substance of these four years that is meaningful, and that each one 
of us will carry with us for years to come. Until we can all perceive and 
understand the difference between earning a degree and living and education, 
then these four years, the previous twelve, and the many that are to come will 
unnecessarily be sent in vain. 



Senior Cynthia A. McGrath 



Cover Desm JolmNeister 
Stuart R.Giilitz 

Banting ^ Spine Desiga 

Stuart K-Cuilitx 

Color Signature 

Desigae- Layout 
JolmWeister 

Photographers 

JolmNeister pp.)-3,8-Ib 
\5teve Ruggles pp. 1, 2, 13 

SmilkppJ-3.IO-ll.13-/4Jfe 
AlanCliapman- ppJ-3J3 
Bob Oaruache p. 13 
Bill Howell f^.JJb 

Artist tWo Politellai 
laHe of Contents 

Janice Rewak Ijookliani 
\^\i)£^ Leonard pKobgrapK. 

Concor(5) 

Design ^layout 
Jolm leister 

Artist Vicki Newman 

Buy centennial collage by 
Georae Vitner5 

IPriters 

Pauk '^ 

Hisforkal Stories Compiled liy 
RevercnA Henry Barllett, Para, 

Auirey Sovinsfet 

PnotoorapKer^ 

joluvWeiiter 
Dan. Smith, 



UMass m\-m Ac^etTucs 



Design ^Layout ^-TRriter 
tarn IVormanoy 

Artists 

GailDurttv 
Vicki Newroatv 

Fkotograpliers 

Tni>exStaff5 19'?I-19'H 
OanStT^Sfv pp. 40-^1, t3-% 
Alan CKapman, pp. 38-4) 
Doug Hurst p 35 

Bob Stevens p 4b 

RickByanv p,4f 

bhnWeister pp. 40-41 

^vaL Photos by *' 
Univcrstty Photo Center 



Desiga 
layout 

Artists 

Stuart RXuilitr 0.51 
Janice Rewah. bookliani 

iVriters 



emics 

Pat Carney 

JoW l\fei5ter 

Kebecca Greenoe^ 



Ken. Blanchar^ t 

Mereiitlv Commons 

Sara rTani^ew 

Nxchael I^as 

UriBern^, 

jan Alexander 

MikeKnecIanA 

Juti-Iaulin- 

Alan G)laru5so 

l,eona. Steitv, 

"TOt.B. t)iJ5oi5 Pg)artmentof 
Mro-Atncrican-Stuaica ^v 
6/adv Nsws Service p. "^fe 
«>tnpil«A»T^ EAuar^ Cohen, 



.52 

p. 54 
p.5fo 
pp.5S,fe4 
pp. bO.Sfa 
p.bl 
pp.f8.8Z 
p. SO 
p.8t 



PKotograpkers 

Bob GamacVie p. 51 

GeorgeTVithers pp. 54-, 81 
CViris DillarA p. 56 

Oaot SttvitK p. 58 

Diane GoAley p. bO 
CViris Bourne- p.fal 
Tfencv Brooker p. b4 
JoWv pp. 58, fa*f,b9,'>3, 

T^eister >5,84 

lolitv Stewart pp. "V^, 8b 

mHowea p. 8 

^^ Gamaclie ano joKtv 
^leister teamed up io plioto- 
graph, ihe intert<w;y of five o|^ 
the dAer l>uil^tng5 on. Campus 
p.b6-f5 

Senior Sectioa 

SectionBitor TMarySkowera 

Design MarySkowem 

lacyout Nary SWera 

Candy Hursk 

PkYllis VoUa 

Kathy Barter 

Artist Ellen SJkvaa 

Portrait Artists 

Pur^y Studio 

iiorm Benrimo 

Ralpk Bishop 
Robert Oliaman. 



Staff 



Oenrus Skoweia Maora Becker 
Candy mirsk lin^aSkoweta 
Karen, leevan M2tt'cBoi5d2ur 
George Smitk Kermit Plinton, 



Generaii 
Iri^ex 

Ananse's l^eb 
April Glen^ar 
Aiian- Attv otuc^nts 
BanA 





Baseball 


258 




Baskeilall 






Men's 


m 




TPoiuens 


m 


186 


BDIC 


52 


m 


Black Musicians 


Its 


m 


Blood, Sweat 6^ Tears 


145 


M 


Day Centennial 


31 



Central 255 

Cliancelloc's House 66 

CKecrleaWs ZIZ 
Chinese St. Association 1 "^2 

Coll^ian 190 

Commencement 280 

Concord lo 

a,n't U 64 



Otra-Curricular 

oectioar^itbr Marc^iscW 
Design JoKn-Neisfer 

L2iyout joknNeister 

marcS?isc!air 

Artists 

Micliael Houle pp. lS8,iS9 
Krisjachsotv fflt^tW 

^artaraHojt-enmn^ p. l^b 

Writers 



oports 



Hank paurtlett 
Au^reySovinskt 

LortBennarv 
^ruce f teierick 
Naroaret Comell 



jMUchele Frank 
MikeKneelan^ 
Cartnerv ouirer 

(jalbaiv 
Robert Smerling 
]VlaryLaw5on- 
^ula. lean. Prokop 



p. 1+8 
pf.l5Z,l5't 
p.l5f 
p.l58 
p.lU) 
p.l(^ 

p.no, 

p.WZ 

p. 184 
p. 188 
p. 190 



Lllotoc 



)orapnfir5 

-' Stewart "1% 

Gecrge pp. IH 1*^5, 18^,190, 

CcKetv '^'^180,161.183 

Iaicv Stvanick- p, 185 

Ioe msrXixxs p.V^ 

?illHowea pf.mi'^ 

Alatv Ckapman, pS. ItO.lti 
Eugenes NtUs Vfe. lSb,l5'9' 

Pan. -pp. 154,155,1^1,1^3, 

Smitlv '^^1^8,169,190,191 
Kobert5merl^ Pp.l8+-185 
Debbie Lee pp.VH.V^i 

RkJcBvattv ^.ru>An 

-'Wfeistef ^iiS>,l<bl,16346?Hj^l8b 



JoKnlVeister 



Design 
Layout 

JohnWeister PettieGagnoa 
DaiiSmitk Kerrait Plintoa 
Artist G-eorge P/uUips 

TPriters 



Ben Caswell 
Davii Eitel 
oteue DeCjsta 
Scott H^es 
Kermitninton 
BkulaDownev 
BOlpoyle ^ 
Pan. Smith 
kannie Huracr 
Oteve Siuraceno 
CKaseO Connor 
JoVuvBock 
DarabyKaJan 
Robert Riggins 
RortiVrena 

DanSmitk 



pp.l9f,228 
pp.l%,ZIO 

p. 215 

pp. Z04-20g 
p. 20b 
p. 20^ 

p.m 

p. 218 
0.220 
pp. 222-223 
p. 238 
p,2+0 



^m205-204, 
211.214,-223 
228-252,23f, 
236-239 
University 

Photo dnter pp.m,2lZ 
IpeMartins >.195 

Penms Conlon. pp. i9b,l%,Zf 
MiheOiUan. pp. 200, 201 

BiaWoivelL pp.ZOt,20g^ 

Dot Gamacke p. 210 

Georae"TO[fKer5 pp. 226 «- 22^ 

StuKman. p. 2+0 

\ohnffeisiev pp.l%'m,20l 

230,232-235, 
236,238,2+1, 
balance beaon. 
ano 
kigk jump sequetuxs 



Living Areas 

Desiga e-LaYout 
jdm-lkisier 

Writers 

Sha p.2t5 

Roberta Nartone b.2+^ 

Paula Jean. Prokop p. 2+9 

Karea Teevaa p. 253 

Carolva White p. 25^ 

BUlSLe p. 261 

RoaCKait p. 265 

KatWeeaAlW f- 1^9 

CarlenelVturpky p- 2*^3 
Calendar Tnrormattion^ 
contpiled by 

Photographers 

Dan-SmitK 
Steve Ruggles 
Bob GannSSJne. 
Ken Shapiro 
Pennis Conlon, 
John. Stewart 
Ixeorge Withers 
WW:yBrooker 
Pebtie Lee 
Beareatha KeMy 

^CoVien. 
luarv Durrothy 

teter mnakgan. 
An^y Blonacker 
Infkre^ ^uble peuje ihoios 
Vy John-Xfeisfe? ^ 



jenior U^ ^ Commencement 

Dssioa ^layout 

John. Neister 
Photography 

John. Neister 
Pan. Smith. 



Cox, Dr. n 

Crew 

TVlens ^ Hi 

^omens ZTjb 

Cross Counlry 200 

Day Care M 

Dec.-lan-.CalenW 256 

DVP^ m 



DuBols, Shirley 
Punn,rom 



Durfee Conservatory "H 

£vaas, Virginia 2Df 

Everywomaus Center 158 

Faculty Club ?0 

ffebmary Calen^aa* ZiyO 

remain Hall 68 



Rve College Coop 
Football 
Garber, Dick 
Global Survival 

Golf 
Greeks 
GYmnastics 
TVomeas 



5S 
1% 

Z3I 

62 

240 

2^3 

204 




Many tkmks to Dario Politelli.yeM-kook aivisor, for Ki5 lAeas ani art work oa pages t-l A journakst ly profession, 
Ke tumei to pamtmg wtik oils in H^Z, as a miA- career diange in tools to cotranunicate. 







Many tkanhs to BuA Deraers.from the KSO office aru> all the other fine people there who maie 

our job a little easier: Sheila, Jill. Lynn, Sarah, BlanJie, Dot, Doris, Jim, Ciniy, Larty , ani Paul . 




Our deepest ihinki to Don Lenity , American, Vearkwh. Reprssentaiive , without i.-liom this hook vouU not liave teen possitlt , also tiianks to 
Pat Carney. Gene- SchmiAt-, Steve Maxwell, ani all tlujse gieat people u\ Topeki,Ka^^5i,s tliat really put tlus 'book together. 















^l^<r 


1 


I^^B^''; "^f^ 


\Wk^~~M: 


T^ 


■^^^LimLi 


1 






Gymnastics 

Mea's ZOS 

Ha<joerty, Steve 84 

HilR 1^4 

H:5tory-UMass'^l-"^y 34 

Hockey " ZIO 

Liter national Fxcharwe 60 

Inlramittals IbS 



Kosakowski, Steve 


Z25 


Xjwcosse, 


in 


Laiuv Am.TVeck 


\%i 


LeaoTianJack 


m 


!VUcPk£r5on,Dt£k 


w 


March Gleni)ar 


Z64 


IVlayGJenAar 


T>Z 


Memotiall-UI 


n 



IM«5ic GuilA 

INoruicast 
November Calendar 

October GJ.eni>ar 

OrcU-i Hill 

Outrcadt 

ParaJmiing 



156 

2(?3 
251 

259 

54 

166 






W^^ 








W . 





^ ' 0^ 








Peoples lihVeek f% 

Peebles Market ]6f 

naSic^ Economists $b 

Keligiotv ISf 

Koislet Xhislet's 152 

oenior Lky Z% 

Senior Portraits 88 

Sept. CzOeni^ar 244 



SKalVaWa 

Ooccer 

Softball 

SoutKjvest 

Spccti 



trum. 



St. Oroan 

Svlvarr 

Tennis 



iioicct 



u 
m 

236 

Z49 
146 

150 

265 

m 



Track ^TtelA 

Transit 

Univ. year fot Actiorv 

Univ. without IValis 
White 

TPrestlinxj 
Zi/tF, TlowarA 



251 

m 

56 
54 

8Z 

m 

120 
S2 





if voa receiveo more titan, one copy of this book- 
. . . ive apologizje 

Ij- yoa hih not pay botn of the Ust two semester oiu5 
. . . we apologire 

Pve try not to be wastetuL.but Wnitmore is not yet perfect 
in keeping track of thousaniis of maxies anA aAAresses. 
jvlore tlian one 15 oownrigKt confusing. 
Lj you receiveo axi extra, copy, a copy ttiat you. SiS not pay 
for, or one you. diA not like, you can. nelp us salvjige itiji; 
precious paper aovS postage T>y passin^'^the book-along to a 

f rieno or neioKbor. 

. . .TVeA be Tuight^ gtate^jul* 



my 7 ]975 

UNIV. er MASS 
ARCHIVES