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Full text of "Index Testaceologicus, Or, A Catalogue of Shells, British and Foreign: Arranged According to the ..."

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Index Tesfaceoiogictts ; 



OR 



A CATALOGUE 



OF 



S H £ L L S) 

BRITISH AND FOREIGNy 



ARRANGED ACCORDING TO 

THE L.INNEAN SYSTEM; 

WITH THE LATIN AMD ENGLISH NAMES, 

REFERENCES TO AUTHORS, AND 

PLACES WHERE FOUND. 

ILLUSTRATED WITH 2300 FIGURES. 



By W. wood, F.R.S. & L.S. 

AUTHOR or ZOOGRAPHYy SSNERAL CONCHOLOGY, ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

LINNEAN GENERA OF INSECTS, &C. 



SECOND EDITION, 

CORRECTED AND REVISED. 



LONDON: 

PRINTED FOR W. WOOD, 428, 8TRAKD. 

— Mft ■ 

1828. 






/4b497 



AI.ERB iFLAMMAM. 




LONDON: 

PRINTED BY RICHARD TAYLOR, 

&ED UON OOO&T, rXXBT 8TKUT. 



• • ••• 

• • • • 






• « 



•• t • • • 

• •• • • 4 • 

• • • • ••• 



• • 






: • 



!•» •• 









•a* • • • • 



• • 






PREFACE. 



A BOOK coDtaining a sufficient number of figures to assist con- 
chologists in the determination of the shells they may occasionally 
acquire, has long been a desideratum. 

We have, it is true, the extensive work of Martini and Chem- 
nitZ| the more confined publications of Knorr, of Gaultieri, of 
Rugenfiiss, Lister, Rumphius, Petiver, and others; but in no 
instaucei except the first-mentioned, has any attempt been made 
to include a figure of every species. The great expense attending 
such publications, and the want of sufficient encouragement in 
purchasers, has hitherto operated to prevent the accomplish- 
ment of so desirable an undertaking. It has therefore been the 
endeavour of the Author, in the absence of larger and more costly 
publications, to supply their place by a work which will incorpo- 
rate in one volume figures of all the known shells, reduced indeed 
to a small size, but with a degree of accuracy that it is hoped, will 
not only enable the conchologist to fix upon any particular species 
he may wish to define, but also to arrange his collection by inspec- 
tion, without the trouble of consulting other publications on the 
subject. 

a2 



IV PREFACE. 

The plan followed in the present undertaking has been to give 
one characteristic figure of each species, and the arrangement 
adopted has been that of Linnaeus. The Author is well aware 
that in this age of general novelty he shall be censured by the 
young, and periiaps by the experienced conchologist, for adhering 
too tenaciously to the principles of his early master ; but let it be 
remembered^ that all systems built on artificial foundations must 
be liable to objection, and that it still remains to be proved 
whether the present innovators had not better have trusted to the 
Linnean method, with such additions and divisions as its great 
author might be supposed to have made had he now been living, 
than by an extreme multiplication of the genera, rather to increase 
than remove the difficulty of determining the species. 

With a desire in some measure to accommodate those who. 
have adopted the French arrangement, the Author has added the 
divisions of Lamarck, referring his genera to the figures in the 
Index Testaceolog^cus. 

It may not be improper to remark that all the plates (with the 
exception of the first six by that excellent artist the late Mr. 
Sowerby) have been executed under the immediate inspection of 
the Author, and every attention paid to make the figures as accu- 
rate as possible. To accomplish this purpose recourse has always 
been had to the shells whenever they could be procured, so that the 
figures are for the most part original. And here the Author has 
great pleasure in acknowledging his obligation to JMrs. Mawe, 
Mr. J. and Mr. 6. B. Sowerby, who with their usual liberality 
have allowed him the free use of theur extensive collections towards 
the completion of his task. 



PREFACE. V 

Each page of the Index is divided into five columns. The first 
contains the Linnean names : the second, a reference to the page 
in Gmelin's enlarged edition of the Systema Natura, where the 
descriptions of such shells as were noticed by that editor will be 
found. The English names occupy the third column : the fourth 
refers to some of the principal authors whose figures have an esta- 
blished reputation ; and in the fifth division will be seen the name 
of the place where every shell is to be found. 

The figures of Montagu and Donovan have been constantly 
quoted for the British shells, and where the species is confined to 
Britain, the word alone is mentioned ; but where it occurs also in 
other parts of the world, it is denoted by " Britain, Sic." Thus the 
shells that have been observed on our coasts will be immediately 
detected. 

With regard to the Plates, it must be noticed that several shells 
have been named by authors without any reference to figures, and 
which are too obscurely described to be identified. This will 
account for the gaps which occasionally appear in the numbering 
of the plates. Thus in Plate I. we pass from No. 27 to ^9 ; in 
Plate II. from 17 to 19, and from 21 to 23, 8cc. It must also be 
noticed, that in some instances the figures are misplaced, such as 
No. 23 of Plate I., the engraver having forgotten it till he had 
finished No. 37. 

As a guide to the comparative size of the different sheUs, a mark 
or a letter of the alphabet is added after the number engraved 
on the plate. Thus + indicates a shell half an inch long ; + three- 
quarters of an inch; a an inch; a an inch and a quarter; a-\- ^n 

m 

inch and a half; a + an inch and diree- quarters ; b two inches ; 



vi PREFACE. 

c three inchesi and so on : n denotes shells of the natural size ; and 
m such as are magnified. Thus in Plate I. figure 15 is an inch 
long ; fig. 16, an inch and a quarter ; fig. 4, an inch and a half; 
fig. I, two inches ; fig. 27, three-quarters of an inch ; fig. 29* the 
natural size. In the genus Nautilus, Plate 13, all the figures, 
except three, are magnified. 



I A SYNOPSIS 



I 



r 



• 

OF 



THE LINNEAN GENERA. 



1. CHITON.—Platel. 

Animal, a Lophyrus. 

Shell, multivalve (valves or plates), generally eight, arranged Umgita- 
dinally ; moveable on each other, like the joints in the tail of a 
lobster ; connected by a projecting coriaceous border, which is 
either plain, spinous, or scaly. 

2. LEPAS.— Plate 1. 
Animal, a Triton. 

Shell, multivalve, either conical or compressed, formed of several 
valves : the conical shells are sessile, strongly fixed at the base, 
and the valves are articulated or joined to each other by delicate 
sutures. The compressed shells are not articulated, but con- 
nected by a membrane, and supported on a flexible retractile 
pedicle. 

3. PHOLAS.— Plate 2. 

Animal, an Ascidia. 

Shell, multivalve, consisting of two principal valves, with several 
smaller accessory valves on the hinge. Hinge recurved, united 
by a cartilage, and having a strong incurved tooth in one valve. 
Shell always gaping at one end, generally at both. 



Tui A SYNOPSIS OF 



4. MY A Plate 2. 

Animal, an Ascidia. 

Shell, bivalve, generally gaping at one end. Hinge, for the most part, 
with a single solid, thick, broad tooth, strongly attached by carti- 
lage, but not inserted into the opposite valve. 

5. SOLEN.— Plate 5. 
Animal, an Ascidia. 

Shell, bivalve, equivalve, elongated transversely ; open at both ends. 
Hinge with an awl-shaped reflex tooth, often double; not in- 
serted into the opposite valve. 

6. TELLINA.— Plate S. 
Animal, a Tethys. 

SheU, bivalve, generally flattish, sometimes orbicular, anterior end 
often produced into an angular beak. Hinge usually with three 
teeth ; lateral teeth in one of the valves flat ; often remote. 

7. CARDIUM.— Plate 5. 
Animal, a Tethys. 

Shell, bivalve, equivalve, nearly equilateral, somewhat heart-shaped, 
ribbed longitudinally ; beaks prominent, valves toothed or plaited 
on their internal margin. Hinge with four teeth in each valve ; 
the two cardinal teeth near together, and alternating with the op- 
posite ; the two lateral teeth remote and inserted. 

8. MACTRA Plate 6. 

Animal, a Tethys. 

SheU, bivalve, valves unequal at the sides ; subtriangular ; beaks pro- 
minent. Hinge with the middle tooth spoon-shaped, having a 
small cavity on each side ; lateral teeth remote, locking into the 
opposite valves. 



THE LINNEAN GENERA. ix 



9. DONAX — Plate 6. 
Animalf a Tethys. 

Shell, bivalve, equivalve, of unequal sides, the anterior side very short 
and very obtuse; generally crenulated on the nuurgin. Hinge 
with two cardinal teeth, either on each valve, or on one only : a 
single remote lateral tooth in the posterior side. 

10. VENUS.— Plate 7. 
Animal, a Tethys. 

Shellf bivalve, equivalve, with a heart-shaped depression on the carti- 
lage slope. Hinge with three approximate teeth in each valve, 
the lateral ones inclining a little outwards. 

11. SPONDYLUS.— Plate 9. 
Animal^ a Tethys. 

Shellf bivalve ; valves unequal, eared, spiny or rugged ; one convex, 
the other rather flat and adherent. Hinge with two strong re- 
curved teeth in each valve, and an intermediate hollow for the 
ligament 

12. CHAMA.— Plate 9. 

Animal, a Tethys. 

SheU, bivalve, irregrular; beaks recurved, unequal. Hinge with a 
single oblique tooth, thick and coarse ; articulated into a cavity 
in the opposite valve. Two muscular impressions in each valve. 

13. ARC A.— Plate 9. 
Anmal, a Tethys. 

Shell, bivalve, equivalve ; beaks prominent, and separated by a chan- 
neL Hinge, composed of numerous teeth, inserted into the in- 
terstices of the opposite valve. Muscular impressions two in each 
valve. 



A SYNOPSIS OF 



14. OSTREA.— Plate 10. 
Animalj a Tethys. 

Shellf bivalve, irregular ; valves unequal and somewhat eared. Hinge 
without teeth, but having a strong elastic ligament inserted into a 
hollow in the valves. 

15. ANOMIA.— Plate 11. 

Animal, a Tethys ? 

Shell, bivalve; fixed, and irregular; valves unequal, the lower one 
with a hole at the base, which b stopped by a testaceous plug at 
the will of the animal. Hinge without teeth, valves united by 
ligaments. 

16. MYTILUS.— Plate 12. 

Animal, an Ascidia ? 

Shell, bivalve, equivalve, fixed by a silky byssus ; the beaks nearly 
strait, terminal and pointed. Hinge lateral, generally without 
teeth. Ligament marginal ; muscular impression long and sub- 
lateral. 

17. PINNA.— Plate 12. 

Animal, a Limax. 

Shell, bivalve, equivalve, wedge-shaped, gaping at the summit, pointed 
at the base ; beaks strait. Hinge lateral, without teeth, ligament 
marginal, linear, and very long. 



18. ARGONAUT A.— Plate 13. 
Animal, a Clio. 

Shell, univalve, unilocular, involute, boat-shaped; very thin. Spire 
double-keeled, tuberculated. 



THE LINNEAN GENERA. xi 



19. NAUTILUS.— Plate 18. 
Animal, a Cephalopode ? 

Shellf univalve, spiral, multilocular, the chambers formed by transyerte 
divisions, which are concave, and communicate with each other 
by a small tubular aperture. 



20. CONUS.— Plate 14. 
Animal, a Limax. 

SheU, univalve, convoluted, turbinated : aperture longitudinal, linear, 
without teeth, terminated at the summit by a slope ; base entire : 
pillar smooth. 



21. CYPRiEA Plate 17. 

Ammal, a Limax. 

Shell, univalve, involuted, suboval, obtuse, smooth ; aperture longi- 
tudinal, linear, toothed or wrinkled on both sides; base strait 
and open. 

22. BULLA.— Plate 18. 
Animal, a Limax. 

Shell, univalve, convoluted, without teeth, oval ; aperture for the most 
part the whole length of the shell, entire at the base : oflen with- 
out any spire. 



23. VOLUTA.— Plate 19. 

Anmal, a Limax. 

Shell, univalve, oval, more or less ventricose, spiral : aperture sloping 
and without a canal : pillar plaited, the lower plaits the largest 
and most oblique. 



xii A SYNOPSIS OF 



24. BUCCINUM.— Plate ft2. 
Animalf a Limax. 

Shelly univalve, spiral, gibbous; aperture ovate, ending in a short 
canal leaning to the right, with a beak or projection turned back- 
wards : pillar-lip expanded. 

25. STROMBUS.— Plate 24. 
Animal, a Limax. 

SheUf univalve, spiral, ventricose ; aperture dilated and terminating in 
a canal leading to the left : outer lip mostly expanding with age 
into a wing, or into long and pointed claws. 

26. MUREX Plate 25. 

Animal, a Limax. 

Shell, univalve, spiral, oval, or oblong : channeled at the base ; canal 
strait and entire, sometimes slightly reflected. Externally studded 
with spines, tubercles, or folds. 

27. TROCHUS.— Plate 28. 
AnwuU, a Limax. 

SheU, univalve, conical, spiral ; aperture more or less angular, trans- 
versely contracted : pillar placed obliquely. 

28. TURBO opiate 30. 

Animal, a Limax. 

Shell, univalve, spiral, solid ; aperture contracted, orbicular, entire. 

29. HELIX.— Plate 32. 
Animal, a Limax. 

Shell, univalve, spiral, subdiaphanous, brittle; aperture entire, con- 
tracted, semilunar or roundish. 



THE LINNEAN GENERA. xiii 



30. NERITA Plate S5. 

Ammal, a Limax. 

Shell, univalve, solid, somewhat globular, flat beneath ; aperture semi* 
orbicular : pillar-lip oblique relative to the axis of the shell, flat- 
tish, truncate, and oflen toothed ; inner lip frequently toothed or 
crenulated. 



31. HALIOTIS.— Plate 36. 

Animal, a Limax. 

Shell, univalve, ear-shaped, generally flattish; spire lateral, very 
short ; aperture nearly as large as the shell ; disk perforated by 
a row of pores in a line parallel to the edge. 



32. PATELLA ^Plate 37. 

Animal, a Limax. 

Shell, univalve, more or less conic, without a spire. 



38. DENTALIUM.— Plate 38. 

Afumal, a Terebella. 

Shell, univalve, tubular, shghtly arched, lessening insensibly towards 
the extremity, and open at both ends. 



34. SERPULA Plate 38. 

Animal, a TerebeUa. 

Shell, univalve, tubular, generally aflSxed to other bodies, open only at 
the anterior extremity. 



xiv A SYNOPSIS OF THE LINNEAN GENERA. 



35. TEREDO.— Plate 38. 
Animal^ a TerebeUa. 

Shelly a cylindrical tube, taper, and flexuous : two testaceous hemi- 
spherical valves, truncated on the fore part, and wholly indepen- 
dent of the tube, are attached to the head of the animaL There 
are also two lanceolate valves near the tail. 



LAMARCK'S DIVISIONS 



OF 



THE LINNEAN GENERA, 



REFERRED TO THE FIGURES 



OF THE 



INDEX TESTACE0L0GICU8. 



Lifmean Genera, 



Lamarckian Genera. Plate, 



1. Chiton 



2. Lepas 



3. Pholas 



S Chiton . • . , 
ChitoneUus 



TubicineUa 

Coronula 

Balanus 

Acasta 

Creusia 2 

Anatifera 2 

Pollicipes 2 

Cinaras 2 

Otion 2 

f Pholas 2 

^ Gastrochsena 2 



Figure, 

1—38 
39—40 

1 
2 
5 

16 
30 
38 
34 
43 
45 

1 
11 



XVI 



LAMARCK'S DIVISIONS OF 



Linnean Genera. 



4. Mya 



5. Solen. 



6. Tellina 



7. Cardium 



8. Mactra 



9. Donax 



10. Venus • • • < 



11 Spondylus 



Lamarckian Genera, Plate. Figure. 

Mya 2 1 

Panopaea S 41 

Glycymeris 2 10 

Anatina d 13 

Corbula 3 40 

Hyria ft 36 

VulseUa 11 84 

{Solen 3 3 

S^^'*^^^ ^ ^^ 

Hiatella 3 33 

I Tellina 4 26 

Aknphidesma 4 76 

Pandora 5 97 

Psammobia 4 36 

Cyclas 5 90 

Cyrena 8 114 

Cardium 5 1 — 54 

{Mactra 6 21 

Lutraria 6 36 

Crassatella 6 16 

fDonax 6 1 

^ Capsa 6 14 

LPetricola 6 21 

r Venus 8 * 67 

Venerirupis 8 108 

Corbis 8 . 65 

Lucina 8 79 

Crassina 7 21 

Galatea 7 48 

Cyprina 7 41 

.Cytberea 7 46 

S Spondylus 9 1 

Plicatula 9 3 



THE LINNEAN GENERA. 



XVII 



Lmnean Genera. 



12. Chama J 



Lamarckian Genera. Plate. 

"Chama 9 

Cardita 9 

Cypricardia 9 

Isocardia • • • . • 9 

Tridacna 9 

Hippopus 9 



18. Area 



14. Oftrea i 



f Area 9 

J Cucullsea 9 

] Pectunculus 10 

LNucula 9 

r Ostrea 11 

Crenatula *. . . 11 

Pema 11 

Malleus 11 

Pedum 11 

Lima 11 

Gryphffia . . . . < 10 

.Pecten * 10 



15. Anomia < 



16. Mytilua < 



17. Puma..,. 

18. Argonauta, 



Anomia 11 

Placuna 12 

Crania 11 

Orbicula 11 

Terebratula 11 

Hyalsea 11 

"Mytilus 12 

Saxicava 12 

Anodon 12 

Modiola 12 

Avicula 12 

Meleagrina 12 

Pinna 12 



C Argonauta 19 

c Carinaria # . . IS 



Figure. 

18 
4 

17 
1 
2 
S 

2 
16 
86 
27 

74 
82 
80 
58 
75 
54 
1 
1 

S 

80 

1 

2 
24 
28 

28 
9 
82 
81 
42 
4 

1—20 

1—8 
6 



XTUl 



LAMARCK'S DIVISIONS OF 



Linnean Genera. 



19. Nautilus 



20. Conus • 

21. Cyprsea 



22. Bulla i 



23. Voluta 



24. Buccinum 



Lamarckian Genera, Plate. Figure. 

Nautilus 13 1 

Orthoceras 13 24 

Nodosaria 13 27 

Spirula 13 16 

Cristellaria 14 47 

Conus 14—16 1—155 

Cypraea 17 1—67 

Bulla 18 20 

Bullsea 18 14 

Bulimus 34 101 

Achadna 18 53 

Physa 18 37 

Ovula 18 1 

Terebellum 18 41 

Voluta 21 175 

Auricula 19 1 

Andlla 18 44 

Tomatella 19 13 

Turbinella 21 160 

Cancellaria 20 71 

Columbella 20 74 

Mitra 21 144 

Marginella 20 64 

Volvaria 19 59 

Oliva 19 29 

Buccinum 22 37 

Concholepas 22 56 

Phasianella 23 96 

Cassidaria 22 9 

Cassis 22 14 

Purpura 22 55 

Monoceros 22 54 

Harpa 22 49 

Dolium 22 6 

Ebunia 23 77 

LTerebra 24 129 



THE LINNEAN GENERA. 



XIX 



Linnean Oenera. 



25. Strombus • < 



ft7. Trochus, 



fti. Turbo 



29. Helix, 



26. Murex < 



Lamarckian Genera, Plate. Figure. 

rStrombus 25 22 

Pirena 25 40 

Ccrithium 25 39 

RosteUaria 24 1 

.Pteroceraa 24 5 

Murex 25 6 

Fasciolaria • 27 98 

Fu8U8 26 71 

Pyrula 26 82 

Struthiolaria 26 62 

Ranella 26 44 

Triton 27 95 

LRicinula 26 47 

{Trochus 29 66 

Pyramidella SO 122 

Solarium 29 62 

RoteUa 29 78 

fTurbo SO 84 

Pupa 31 110 

Clausilia 32 146 

^ Scalaria 81 88 

Delphinula 81 88 

Turritella 32 130 

THelix 38 76 

Paludina 84 119 

CaracoUa • 35 44 

Anostoma... SS 26 

Bulimus 34 102 

Succinia $5 171 

. Cyclostoma S2 7 

^ Planorbis 35 55 

Lymnsea 35 166 

Mdania 35 164 

Valvata 81 87 

Ampullaria 33 71 

Janthina • 84 116 

.SigaretuA » 35 187 

b2 



XX 



DIVISIONS OF THE LINNEAN GENERA. 



Lmnean Genera. 



SO. Nerita 



31. Haliotis 



55. Dentalium^ 



32. Patella < 



34. Serpula 



35. Teredo 



Lamarckian Genera. Plate. Figure. 

fNerita 86 64 

JNavicella 37 9 

SNeritina 35 31 

LNadca 31 1 

cHaKotis 36 1—17 

^Stomatia 36 18— «1 

fPatella 87 27 

Lingula 12 45&46 

Umbrella 38 85 

Parmopbora 33 84 

Emarginula 38 86 

Fissurella 38 98 

Pileopsis 37 41 

Calyptrsea 37 1 

Crepidula 37 10 

Ancylus 87 56 

.Stomatella 37 54 

Dentalium 38 1—15 

f Serpula 38 36 

Siliquaria 38 26 

Spirorbis 38 8 

^ Vennilia ..* 38 9 

Aspergillum 88 84 

Septaria 38 1-Teredo^ 

, Vermetus 38 25 

i Teredo 38 2 

Fistulana 38 4 



ABBREVIATIONS. 



A \.6BSiB0VLn SenegaL 

B Bom, Teitacea Musei Cisesarei. 

Br. E. M, Bniguiere in Encyclopidie MHhodiique^ art. Vert, 

B. E. C, , • . Burrow's Elements of Conchology, 

C. Martini et Chemnitz, HUtoria ConchyUarum. 

D*Arg. . . . D'ArgenviUe, ConchyUologie. 

D, C, , . . . Da Costa's British Canchology, . 

2) Donovan's Natural History of British Shells, 

Dr Dr&jpaxiaudfHistoire NaturelledesMollusques, 

E.M. , . . . Encyclopidie Methodique^ art. Vers testacSs, 

Fab. F, Gr, . . Fabricius, Fauna Groenlandica, 

F. Favanne, Conchyliohgie, ou Histoire Naturelle des 

Coquilles. 

Fer FerusAnCf Histoire Naturelle des Mollusques. 

F. T. M. . . . Fichtell et Moll, Testacea Microscopica. 

Geoff. .... Geofiroy, Traiti Sommaire des Coquilles. 

Gm Gmelin, Systema Naturix L'mncei. 

G.Z Gronovius, Zoophyladum. 

G Gualtieri, Index Testarum ConchyUorum. 

Kcem. Cab. Rudolst.KHmmereTf Die Conchylien^ S^c. 

Kl. Ost. . . . Klein, Tentamen Methodi Ostracologica. 

K Knorr, Les Dilices des Yeux et de V Esprit. 

L. Z. M. Leach's Zoological Miscellany. 

L. F. S. . . . Linnaeus, Fauna Suecica. 

L.M.. . . . Linne, Mantissa tUtera. 

L. M. U. . . . ■ Museum Ludovicce Ulrica Suecia Regince, 

L. S.N. . . . Systema Naturce. Ed. 12. 

L.T.. . . . Linnean Transactions. 

L Lister, Historia ConchyUorum. 



XXII 



ABBREVIATIONS. 



M. U. C. 
M. . . 
M, Suppl, 
M. Z, D. 
M.V. . 
P. M. Z. 
P. S. Z. 
P. B. Z. 
P. . . 
P. Amh. 
P. D. C. 
R. . . 

S. Conch. 
S. EmL 
S. Erd. 
S. Fltus. 
S. N. M. 
Seb. . 
W. M, S. 
W. . . 



Mart3rn's Universal Conchologist. 
Montagu's Testacea Britannica. 
-'— — Supplement, 
Miiller, Zoologia Danica, 

Verrmum Terrestrium et FluviatiUum, 

Pallas, Miscellanea Zoologica. 

Spicilegia Zoologica. 

Pennant's British Zoology. 1812. 
Petiver, Gazophylacium. 

Amboyna Shells. 

Pultney's Dorset Catalogue. 

Rumphius, Thesaurus Imaginum Piscium Testa' 

ceorum, 
Schreiber's ConchyUenkenntniss. 
Schroter, Einleitung in die Conchylien. 

Erdkonchylien. 

Flussconch. 

Shaw's NaturaUst*s Miscellany. 
Seba's Museum, 
Walker's Minute ShelU, 
Wood's General Conchology, 



Fr.w. 
L. . 
U. . 



I TLese abbreviations occur in the 



Fresh water. 

Land. \. 

Unknown. J '^ «'''^- 



DIRECTIONS TO THE BINDER. 



Plate 
1 to face 


4 


2 


10 


3 


16 


4 


22 


5 


28 


6 


32 


7^ 


40 


85 

9 


44 


10 


48 


11 


54 



12 
13 



14-) 
15^ 

lej 



17 
18 



60 
64 

78 

84 
88 



FUte 




Page 
to face 102 



114 
118 
182 

142 
154 

168 

174 
188 



CATALOGUE OF SHELLS. 



MULTIVALVES. 



Linn, names. Gm, Engl, names. 



Synonyms, 



Habitat. 



I. CHITON. 



COAT OP MAIL. 



1 squamosus 3203 scaly 



% bistriatus 
3 fulvus 



4 piceuB 



2-striated 
tawny 



3205 pitchy 



P.t.lJ.S. B,t,\,f, 1,2. 
E. M, t. 162, /. 5, 6. 
W,t,\yf,\. America. 

C.8,<.94,/.788.9L W,p,7. u. 

C.10,M73,/169LJ^.3f. 
M61,/. 4,5. W.p.7y 
tAff,2, S. America. 

C.S,t. 96,/.807-10. E.M, 
M63,/. 3-5. fF.jp. 8, 
t. IJ,3, Red Sea. 



B 



CHITON. 



Linn, names. 

5 granulatus 

6 aculeatus 



Gm. Engl names. 



Synonyms. ^ HabUat, 



3205 granulated C.8,/.96,/.806. W.p.9. W.Indies. 

3202 prickly C. 10, /. 173,/ 1692. R. 

MO,/. 6. E.M.t 163, 
/16. W.p.9. Asia. 

7 fasciatus 3203 /3 banded C. 8, t. 95, / 801. E. M. 

t. 162,/ 1,2. W.t.l, 
/4,5. S. Amer. 



8 marmoratus 3205 marbled 



C. 8, «. 95,/ 803-5. A".*, 
<.17,/3,4. E.M.t.\%%, 
/.11,12. W.p.lO. W. Indies. 



9 maculatus 3205 spotted C.8,/.95,/.802. W.p.W. 



10 tunicatus 



11 Gigas 



coated 



3206 gigantic 



fF.jp.ll,<.2,/.l. 

C. 8, <. 96,/ 819. E.M. 
M61/.3. W.p.U. 

Cape of (rood Hope. 



12 amiculatus 3206 kidney-sh. W.p.lO. 



Kurile Islands. 



13 castaneus 



14 ruber 



chesnut 



3203 red 



15 punctatus 3203 punctured 



16 Indus 



17 viridis 



3205 Indian 



green 



fF.y.l3,«. 2,/2,3.&<. 3, 
/2,3. u. 

C. 8, (. 96,/.813. fF.p.l4. 

North Sea. 

fF.p.14. &6.3,M,/132. 

Asia, Eur.y & Amer. 

C.8,l.96,/.811. W.p.U. 

W. Indies. 

C. 10,*. 173,/ 1689. E.M. 
M62,/9. W.p.\5. u. 



18 lineatus 



striped fF.|).15,(.2,/.4,5. 



u. 



CHITON. 



Linn, names, Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat, 

19 fascicularis 3202 tufted C. 10,M73,/.1688. E,M. 

t,l63,f. 15. M,p,5,t,ft7, 
W,p.ie,t,ftJ.O, Britain, &c. 



20 sulcatus 

21 bicolor 

22 cerasinus 



24 fiiscus 



25 minimus 3205 mealy 



26 Cimex 



27 Asellus 3206 millepede 



furrowed fV,p,ie,t,3,f,l. South Seas. 

3204 2.coloured C. 8, t. 94, /. 794, 5. 

fV,p, 1 7 . Indian Seas. 

3204 cherry C.8,<.94,/.796. W,p,l7, u. 

3204 MageUanic C. 8,<.95,/. 797-8. F,t, 74, 

/.A.l. E.M,t,l60j'.^,5, 
W.t,S,f. 6. Str. of Magellan. 

C.8,t.95,/.799,800. E,M, 
M60,/.6,7. W,p,lS, E. Indies. 

C. 8, (.96,/, 814. W.p.l9. 

Norwegian Sea. 

C. 8, (.96,/. 815. W,p,l9. 

Coast of Norway. 

C, 8, (, 96,/. 816. E,M. 
(.161,/. 12. W,p,l9. N. Seas. 



3204 brown 



3206 bug 



28 icelandicus 

29 albus 



3206 Iceland 
3204 white 



W,p,20. 



Iceland. 



30 marginatus 3206 bordered 



C.8,<.96,/.817. L.T,S,tA, 

* /4. W,p,StO, Britain, &c. 

P,B,Z. 4, (.39,/.2. M.p.l, 
L.r.8,M,/2. fV.p.2l, 
t.Sj,^. 



31 cinereus 



3204 ash-coloured B.t,l,f.3. P.5.Z.4,<.39, 

/. 3. C, 8, (.96,/. 818. 
E,M,t,ie\J.U,M.p.3. 
9V.p,2\,t.Sj.5. 
b2 



L E P A S. 



Linn, names. Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. HahUat. 

32 laevis 3206 smooth M.p.2. fV.p.22. Britain, &c. 

33 tuberculatus 3202 tuberculated S. EM. 3, t. 9, /. 19. 

W.p.^Z. S. Amer. 

34 tessellatus tessellated C. 10, 1. 173,/. 1690. ^.3/. 

M62,/.10. W.p.2S. 

Isle of Sl Thomas. 



S5 crinitus 3206 hairy 



SQ hispidus 3202 hispid 



P.B.Z.i,t.39j.l. E.M. 
t. 163,/. 13,14. M.p.4. 
fV.p.23. Scotland. 

S.EM. 3, p. 493, t. 9,/. 18. 

T. p. 24. America. 



37 thalassinus 9206 sea-green W.p.ft^. 

38 spinosus spiny J?.£.C.|).185, l.26,/4. 

39 porosus porous ^.£.C.|i.l89, l.28,/.l. 

40 larvaeformis larva-shaped ^.^.C. p. 191 »<.28,/.2-4. 



u. 
u. 
u. 
u. 



II. LEPAS. 



BARNACLE. 



1 tracheaeformis windpipe 



2 Diadema 3208 turban 



3 balsnaris 3208 whale 



fr.j).31,<.4V.l,2,3. 

On South Sea whales. 

L.^' 445,/ 288. (7.M06, 
/ Q, C. 8, (.99,/ 843-4. 
E.M.t. 165, / 13,14. 
^.j). 33,^.4. 

Northern Ocean on whales. 

P.M,/11. /^.M4,/H. 
C. 8, i. 99, / 845-6. 
fr.|>.35,f.5,/l-S. 

North Sea on wh^es. 



CHMTOS. 





A3. (» 



H. • 




». e 



0Q. » 





iz ♦ 




5^. I 



55. it/ 




3S a* 




/ ty 



/t€ 





16. 




//. ^ ^ it. * ♦ 








2f. t 



22. ft 




18. 'r-¥ 




^a.R 










5f. n 






39- « 4<^ €f * 





5 t 



/r. H 




fLEPAS 





^. // 



i»A ♦• 



L E P A S. 



Linn, names, 
4f testudinaria 



5 Tintinnabu- 
lum 



3208 bell 



12 balanoides 3207 smooth 



13 clavata 



Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms, Habitat, 

3209 turtle Cr. <. 106,/.M. P.t.9,f,9. 

K.3yt.S0,f,S. F.t.59, 
f, A. 4,5. C. 8, t. 99, 
/. 847-8. E,M.t. 165, 
/. 17,18. fV.p,37,t,5, 
f, 4. Backs of turtles. 

Z. ^ 443,/. 285. R,t,M, 
f, A. F, t. 59 J. A, 2. C. 
8,<.97,/. 828-31. E,M, 
/.164,/.5. D.t,US,M. 
p.lO. fr.p.38,(.6,/.12. 

East Indies. 

W.p,40,t.e,f, 3. Scotland. 

in. J). 8. L, z . 8, ^. l,yi 5. 

fV.p,4\ft,6,f,4, Britun, &c. 

dC. 8, t, 98,/. 835. E.M, 
M64,/.12. W.p.4l,t,e, 
f, 5, Mediterranean. 

M,p,\Z. fr.jp.42.Z). 1,^30, 
/.3. Britain. 

C. 8, /. 97,/ 822. E.M, 
M64,/2. East Indies. 

L. <. 443,/ 286. C. 8,^97, 
/ 820. E.M,t.ie4,f.l. 
D.t, 30,/ 1. M.p.Q, 
W.p,4$,t. 7,/ 3. Britain, &c. 

Z.^444,/.287. C. 8,^97, 
/.826. E.M,t,\64,f.ii. 
M.p.7. fV.t.7,fA, 

3203 club-shaped C. 8, ^ 98,/ 838. E,M, 

M 64,/ 7,8. M.p, 10. 
fr.p.45,^7,/2. 



6 Scotica 


Scottish 


7 rugosa 


wrinkled 


8 angustata 


3212 nar.-moutl 


9 conoides 


conic 


10 laevis 


contracted 


11 Balanus 


3207 common 




JLtmi. names, 

14 punctata 

15 costata 

16 spongiosa 

17 galeata 

18 Psittacus 

19 spinosa 



20 minor 

ft I radiata 
22 palmipes 
29 crispata 

24 porcata 

25 violacea 



L E P A S. 

Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

punctured P. D. C. 1. 1,/.10. M.p. 8, 

M,/.5. W.p.46. Britain, &c. 

ribbed M.p.U. D. t. 30, /. 2. 

W.pAe. 

sponge M, Suppl. t. 17,/. 4,5,6. 

W.pAl. 

3209 helmet S. 3, f .9,/.20. E.M.t.l 65, 

/.7,8. fV.p.^S. On Gargonia. 

3212 parrot-beak. fV.p.^9. Chili. 

3213 spiny C.8,<.98,/.840,t.99,/.841. 

E. M. t. 164,/. 9, 10. 
fr.|).49,t.7,/.4,5. East Indies. 

3212 flesh-colour. C.8,<.97/.827.i&.Af.M64, 

/.14. W.p.50,t.7.f.6. 

W.p.50,t.7,f.7. u. 

W,p.5l. u. 



rayed 
3209 palmated 
3214 rugged 



ridged 
3213 violet 



£.i»f.M 64^.11. fV.p.5l, 

f.8^.1-4. East Indies. 

JV.p. 5 2, t. 8/. 5 . — — — 

C.8, r. 99 J.842. W.p.5S. 

Indian Ocean. 



26 patellaris 3213 limpet C.8,(.98,/.839. Coromandel. 

27 hemisphaerica hemispherical C. 8, t. 98,/. 833. E.M. 

(.165,/.4.6. W.p.5S. Africa, 

28 purpurascens purple-tipped fr.p.55,t.9,/. 1,2,3. South Seas. 

29 porosa 3212 porous C. 8, «. 98,/. 836-7. E.M. 

M65,/.9, 10. JV.p. 56, 
• t.9,/.4. East Indies. 




L £ P A S. 



Linn, names, 
30 Verruca 



Gm. 
3212 



SI Stroemia 
82 cariosa 
33 Mitella 



3214 
3214 
3210 



Engl, names. Synonyms. HabUat, 

wart-shaped C. 8, <. 98,/. 834. P.B,Z, 

4,f.41,/.l. E,M.tAe^, 

/. 16,17. Z).i.36,/.l. 
M,p.l2. fV.p.57,t9, 

/.5. 

fV,p,58, 
}V.p,5S. 



Norwegian 

carious 

mitre 



34 poUicipes 3213 cornucopia 



35 Scalpellum 3210 pen-knife 



36 fasclcularis 



bladder 



37 anserifera 3210 striated 



38 anatifera 3211 duck 



39 villosa 



40 dentata 



downy 



toothed 



Britain, &c. 

Norway. 

Kurile Islands. 

C.8,M00,/.849-50. E.M, 
M66,/.9. W.p.59,t.lO, 
/.I. Amboyna. 

Z.^ 439,/. 281. C. 8,100, 
/ 851-2. E.M. t. 166, 
/.10,11. fV. p. 60, t, 10, 
/.2. Mediterranean. 

G,t.loe,f,C, E,M.t.l66, 
/7.8. Z).M66. M,p.n, 
t,\,f,S. fV.p,6\,t.l0, 
/.3. Britain, &c. 

L.^4S9,/.280. E.M,t.l66, 
/.4. Z).M64. M.p.557. 
W.p,e2, tAOjA, Britain. 

Z. <. 440,/283. C.8,<.100, 
/.856. M.p,l6. fV.p.e^, 
t.l0,/.5. Britain, &c, 

(7.I.26,/.E. C.8,<.853-5. 
P.5.Z. 4,^41. E.M. 
t.\ee/,l.D,L7,M,p.l5, 
fV.LU, 

E.M.Lie6,f.2. w.p.er, 

Mediterranean. 

L. t, 439, /. 282. E,M. 

M66,/.6. W.pSl, 



8 



P H O L A S. 



Lmn. names. 

41 sulcata 

42 dorsalis 

43 vittata 



Gm, 



45 aurita 



Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

furrowed 3f.|). 17,M,/.6. fF.p.68, 

*.12,/1. Britain. 

Musquito E.M. t.l66,/.5. Musquito coast. 



ribbon 



W. p.e9, M2,/.2,3. Atlantic. 



44 membranacea membranous M.Suppl. p. 164. fV.p.70. Britain. 



eared 



C. 8, t. 100, / 857-8. 

W.p.70,t.l2,f.4. North Seas. 



in. PHOLAS. PIERCER. 



1 Dactylus 3214 prickly 



2 orientalis 3216 Indian 



3 Candida 



4 costata 



3215 white 



3215 ribbed 



Z. <. 433,/. 267. Cr.M05, 
/.D. C.8,M01,/.859. 
D. t. 118. M. p. 20. 
W.p.77,t.\3. Britain, &c. 

Z.<.431,/.247. C.8,M01, 
/.860. JS:.M.r.l68,/.10. 
fr.j}.78,M4,/.l. IndianOcean. 

Z. <. 435,/. 278. G.t. \05, 
/.E. C.8,<.101,/.861. 
Z).M32. M.p.25. W. 
p. 79, 1. 1 4,/. 3,4. Britain, &c. 

Z. <. 434,/. 277. Gf.<.105, 
/.G. E.M.t.l69,f.\fi. 
C.BJMS. fr.p.80,<.15, 
/. 1,2. E. Indies & America. 



P H O L A S. 



Linn, names, 
5 crispata 



G parva 



7 striata 



8 falcata 

9 cordata 

10 Chiloenais 

11 hiaDs 



Gtn, Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat, 

3216 curled L. t. 436, / 279. E.M. 

r. 169,/. 4,5. C.8,M02, 
/. 872-4. D.t.Qt. M. 
J}. 23. fF.|). 81,M5, 
f, 3-5. Britain, &c. 

small M.j).22,/.l,/.7,8. W.f.^Z. 

P.B.ZA,plASjA. Britain. 

3215 striated G. 1. 105,/. F. E.M.t.UO, 

/.1,2,3. C.8,<.102,/867 
-71. Z).M17. M.|),26. 
fr.p.83,M6,/.l-4. 

India & America. 

hooked fV.p. 84, f. 16,/. 5-7. u. 

3216 heart-shaped E. M. t. 169, /. 8-10. 

fr.j9.85. In corallines. 

3217 Chili W.p.^5. Chili. 

3217 gaping C. 10, M 72,/, 1678,1681. 

fV.p.SS, America. 



•L. 



rUc^. -^ 






fC^.ii 



v. 






^4 



10 



MY A. 



BIVALVES. 



Ztfin. names. Gm, Engl, names. 
IV. MYA. GAPER. 

1 truncata 3217 abrupt 



2 arenaria 



3 convexa 

4 declivis 

5 praetenuis 



Synonyms. 



Habitat. 



6 anatina 

7 globosa 

8 arctica 



3218 sand 



L. t. 428,/. 269. E.M. 
^229,/.2. C.6,M,/.l. 
P.B.ZA,t.4i4. M.p.St. 
fV.p.90,t.l7j.l,ft. Britain, &c. 

L.t. 418,/. 262. E.M. 

t.iZdJ.l. C.6,M^.3,4. 

P.B.Z.4M5- D.t.BS. 

M.t.SO. W.p.9\,t.l7y 

f.S. 



convex 
sloping 



W.p.n,t.lS,f.\. 
fV.p.9$,t.\S,f.i,$. 



Britain. 



spoon-hinge P.B.Z.4,f.50,/l.Z).M76, 

Af.|).41,<.l,/.l, fV.p.94, 
^24,/7-9. 



3221 duck 



globular 
3220 arctic 



C. 6, t. 3,/. 13-16. E.M. 
*.229,/.3. fV.p.94. Africa. 

W.p.95, ^24,/.4-6. u. 

lV.p.95, North Seas. 



fh f "p%\. 




\ 






MY A. 



11 



Xtfin. names, 
9 edentula 

10 picea 

11 Nicobarica 

12 rostrata 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HahUat. 

3220 toothless fV.p.96. u. 

pitchy C. 11, t. 198, /. 1934. 

fV.p.9e,t22j.5. V. 

3121 Nicobar C.6,<.S,/.17,18. W.p.97. 

Nicobar Islands. 

beaked C. 11, p. 198, /. CD. 

W.p.97. Bergen. 



13 Norwegica 3222 Norway C. 10,*. 170^.1647,1648. 

fr.p.98,M8,/.4,5. Norway. 



14 membranacea3222 membranous W.p,9^. 



15 distorta 

16 bidentata 

17 decussata 

18 purpurea 

19 ferruginosa 

20 nitens 

21 prismatica 

22 substriata 

23 dubia 



deformed M.p.4i2,t. 1 ,/. 1 . 
double-toothedAf.p.44. W.p.99. 



Iceland. 
Britain. 



decussated. M. Suppl. p. 20, ^ 28, /. 1 . 

W.p.99. Scotland. 



purple 
rusty 

glossy 



M. SuppLp. 2 1 . W.p. 1 00. Britain. 

M. SuppLp. 22, t. 26,/. 2. 

^.p.lOO. Scotland. 

M. Suppl.p.ie5. W.p.lOl. 



prismatic M. Sttppl. p. 23, t. 26, f. 3. 

W.p.lOl. 



substriated M. Suppl.p.25. W.p.lOt. 



dubious 



24 nitida 



3222 white 



Britain. 

P.B.Z.4M7. D.t.lOS. 
M.p.2S. W.p.l02,t.25, 
/.2,3. — . — 

W.p.103. Norway. 



12 



MY A. 



Lifin, names. Gm. Engl, names. 



Synonyms, 



Habitat. 



25 Batava 



Dutch 



26 Pictorum 



painters 



27 ovata 



oval 



28 crassa 

29 nodulosa 



thick 
knotted 



SO margaritiferad219 pearl 



31 corrugata 3221 wrinkled 



32 radiata 



3d rugosa 



34 nodosa 



35 spuria 



3220 radiated 



3222 rough 



3222 knobbed 



3222 spurious 



30 8yrmatophora3222 angular 



C.6,<.l,/.6. D.t.l74. 
E.M.t.2At3j.3. M.p.se. 
W.pA03,t.l9J'.l,2. Dr. 
<.10/.20,&<.21,/.1,2. 

Britain &c. 

L.M46,/. 1, & 147,/. 3. 
E.M.t.24Sj.^. P.B.Z. 
4,<.46,/.l. D.t.S9. M. 
j}.34. fr.j).104,<.19,/.3,4. 
Z)r. Ml,/.4. 

D.t.\0\. M.p.3^&563. 
W.p.l05,i.\9j.5. Dr. 
t.Uj.5. 



)^.|i.l06,f. 20,21. China. Fr. w. 

FF.p. 106,^.22,/. 1-4. u. 

Z.<.149,/.4. C.0,f.l,/.3. 
E.M.t.2^9,f.5. P.B.Z. 
4,^.46^.2. D.t.73. M. 
p. 33. W.p.\01,t.23, 
f.\-3. Dr. 1. 10, f.S,ie 
& 19. Britain, &c. 

C.6,<.3,/.22. ^.M.^248, 
/. 8. fV.p. 1 08,^24,/. 1 -3. 

Coromandel. Fr.w. 

C.6,/.2,/.7. E.M.t.2^S, 
f.b. W.p.\09. Malabar. Fr.w. 

C. 10, t. 170, / 1649. 

}V.p.\09. Coromandel. 

C. 10, t. 170, /. 1650. 
W.p.UO. 

W.p.2\0. E.M.t.2^9,f.3. 

Tranquebar. Fr.w. 

W.p.2l0. G.Z.M8,/.1,2. 

Guinea. Fr.w. 



S O L E N. 



13 



38 variabilis 



39 labiata 



Linn, names, Gm. EngL names. Synonyms, HahUai, 

S7 suborbicularis roundish M. SuppU.26ff,6. Britain. 

variable L. T. 10, t. 24, / 4-7. 

W,p, 111. South America. Fr. w. 

lipped L. T. 10, t, 24, /. 1-3. 

W,p,\\%, South America. 

40 inequivalvis unequal-valved E,M, t, 230,/.4. M.p,SS, 

SuppLt,2e,f.7. W. 
/7.113. Britain, &c. 

41 Glycimeris 3222 great L.^ 414,/. 258. C.6,<.3, 

/.25. Z).M42. fr.j}.ll4, 

i,%b, Mediterranean. 



V. SOLEN. 



RAZOR. 



1 Siliqua 



2 Novacula 

3 Vagina 

4 truncatus 



5 linearis 



3223 pod 



L, U 409,/. %hh, E,M, 
t.222,/.2. C.6,<.4,/.29. 
M,p,^%, Fr.p.ll8,<.26, 
/.1,2. Britain, &ci 

Carmarthenshire3f.|i.47. ^.|i.ll9. Britain.^ 

3223 sheath Z.^410,/256. D.MIO. 

fr.|7.119,<.27,/.l. 



truncated 



slender 



Cr.f.95,/. Z). E,M,t,\%%, 
/.I. C. 6,t.4,/.28. W. 
p. 121, «. 26,/ 3,4, f. 27, 
/2. American Seas. 

C. 11, M98,/. 1931,1932. 

jr.p,l2\,t.27J.S. Indian Seas. 



14 



S O L E N. 



Ztitfi. names. 
6 Ensis 



7 pellucidus 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

3224 sword L. <.411,/. 257. E.M. 

t. aSfJ. 2yd. C 6y t. 4y 

/. 30. P.B.Z. 4, t. 48, 
/.2. Z).<.50. ilf.|).48. 
fr.|).122,«.28,/.l,2. Britain,&c. 

transparent C. 11, t. 198, /. 1940. 

Z). t. 153. ilf. p. 49. 
fr.|).123,«.28^.3. Britain. 



8 Legumen 3224 peascod 



9 Cultellus 3224 kidney 



10 antiquatus 



antiquated 



11 fragilis 



brittle 



12 strigilatus 3225 strigilated 



L.«.420,/.264. G.t.dlJ'.A. 

E.M.t.2Z5j'.3. C.e,t.5, 

/.32-34. P.B.Z.^M% 

f.S. D.t.5S. M.p.50. 

fr.|).124,«.28,/.4,5. 

Britain, &c. 

G.t.dOJ. E. E.M. «.223, 
/. 4. C. 6, t. b,f. 36,37. 
P. B. Z. 4, t. 49, /. 2. 
fr.p.l25,<.29,/.l,2. Amboyna. 

C 6, t. 6,y. 45. P,B.Z,4>, 
<.49,/.4. Z).t.ll4. ilf. 
p.52. ^.p.l25,«.29^.3. 

Britain, &c. 

C. 11, <. 198, /. 1939. 
^.|).126,«.29,/.4,5. 

Southern Ocean. 

Zi.<.416,/.260. G.<.91^.C. 
E.MJ.224J.3. C.6,<.6, 
/.41,2. ^.|).127,*.30, 
/. 1 . Mediterranean. 



S O L E N. 



15 



Ltnn, names, 
13 anatinus 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

3225 duck-bill C.«.6,/.46-8. E,M,t,22S, 

/.3. W.p,l2S,t,S0,f,2'i, 

Indian Ocean. 



14 radiatus 3225 rayed 



15 Guineensis 




Guinea 


16 maximus 




largest 


17 magnus 




great 


18 inflexus 




inflected 


19 minimus 


S227 Uttle 


20 Macha 


3226 


Molini's 


21 virens 


3226 


) green 


22 Diphos 


3226 violet 



I. «. 422,/. 266. G.«.91, 
/. B. E.M, t. 225,/. 2. 
C, 6, i, 5,/ 38-40. W. 
p.128,^31,/1,2. Amboyna. 

C. 11, t, 198, /. 1937. 
^.p.l29. Coast of Guinea. 

W.p, 1 29,^.3 1 ,/.3. Sandwich Isl. 

C.e,t.5,f.35, W.p.UO, 

Coast of Nicobar. 

^.p.l31,^32,/.l,2. 

C 6f t, 5, /. 31. a. b. 

W.p. 131. Tranquebar. 



W,p,lS2. 
W,p.lS2. 



ChiU. 



Java* 



23 roseus 

24 striatus 

25 castrensis 



C.6,<.7,/. 53-4. Item 11, 
M98,/.1933. fV,p.l33, 
t,32ff,3, Indian Ocean. 

3227 rose-colour. C.6,<.7,/.55. fV,p.l33. Red Sea. 



3227 striated 



zig-zag 



C.6,<.7,/.57,58. W,p.l3^. 

Nicobar Islands. 

C, U,t, 198,/ 1935-6. 

W.p, 1 34. Coast of Guinea. 



26 biradiatus 



double-rayed W.p, 1 35, (.33,/. 1 . 



u. 



16 



TELL IN A. 



Ltnn. names, Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Hahiiai. 

27 vespertinus 3228 variable CX7,f.59fiO. P.B.Z.^, 

1.38 lower figured t.50, 
f.%. Z).<.41,/.2. M. 
p. 54. W.p.l35,t.3S, 
/.2,3. Britain, &c. 

L.t.S97,f. 236. E.M. 

<.227,/.i. c.e^t.rj'.se. 

jr.p.l36,<.33,/.4,5. 

Jamaica, &c. 



28 sanguinolen- 3227 sanguine 
tus 



29 occidens 3228 spotted 



C.6,«.7,/.61. Jr.|).lS7. 

Western Ocean. 



30 Spengleri 3228 Spengler's W.p.l37. 

31 AmethjTstus amethystine JST. 6,M2,/.2. C.6,M0, 

/.93. fr.p.l38,<.34,/.l. India. 



32 variegatus 

33 minutus 



34 squamosus 

35 Pinna 



variegated fr.p.l39,<.34,/.2-4. 

3226 minute C.te, f. 50,51. E.M.t. 234, 

/.4. M.p.53, M,/.4. 
fT.p.l 39,^34,/.5,6. Britain. 

M.p.5e5. W.p.UO. 



scale-like 
semi-oval 



P. B. Z. 4, t. 67, /. 3. 
M. p. 566, <. 15, /. 3. 
W.p.Ul. 



VI. TELLINA. 



TELLEN. 



1 Gargadia 3228 toothed 



C, 6, t. 8, f. 63, 64. a. b. 

^.p.l44. Indian Ocean. 



#JWL^ 




, J// 









'/. ^^ 



T££.U/^.1. _JJ 




4>^ 



T E L L I N A. 



17 



Linn, names, 
2 Lingua felis 



3 virgata 



4 interrupta 



5 angulata 3229 angular 



6 Gari 



7 fragilis 3230 brittle 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HahUat. 

3229 cat's tongue G.t.76,f.B. E.M.t.2S9, 

f.e. c.e,t.s,f.e5. w. 

|}.144,t.40,/.2,3. Ind. Ocean. 

3229 striped G.<.86,/.G. £.ilf.<.288, 

/.2. C. 6, «. 8,/. 66-72. 
JF.|).145. Atlantic. 

freckled L. U 399, /. 238. E. M. 

t, 288| J. 7. C 6) t, Sf 
/. 73. fT. p. 146, «. 36, 
/. 3. S. America & India. 

L. U 406, /. 252. E. M. 
L 290,/. 3. C. 6, t. 9, 
/. 75. W.p.Ue,t.43, 
/.I. Indian Ocean. 

3229 varying K.e,tA2,f.2. C.6,M0, 

/.92. fr.p.l47. 

C. 6,^9,/. 84. W.p.US. 



8 rugosa 3230 rugged 



9 inflata 

10 crystallina 

11 multangula 

12 papyracea 



Eur. Ocean & Caspian Sea. 

C.6,^8,/.62. E.M. t.290, 

/.I. W.p.US,t.4h 

f. 2, 3. India & S. Amer. 

C.6,<.9,/.76. fF.p.l4,d. u. 

C.ll,<.199,/.1947-8 u. 

3230 multangular C.6,<.9,/.77. W.p.150. 

Tranquebar. 

3231 paper C. 6, t. 9, /. 78. E. M. 

1 290,/. 14. W.p.l50. 

Coast of Guinea. 



3230 inflated 
pellucid 



13 gibbosa 



3231 gibbous G.t.77j.Q. W.p.l5l. 

c 



u. 



18 



T E L L I N A. 



14 inaequilateni 

15 Knorrii 

16 pusiUa 

17 obliqua 

18 maculata 

19 amnica 



20 foliacea 



21 albida 

22 tenuis 



28 fabula 

24 planata 

25 acuta 

26 radiata 



3231 minute 

oblique 
spotted 
river 



3232 foliaceous 



27 sanguinea 



Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat, 

3231 unequal-sided C7.<.88,/.C. W.p.\5i. u. 

3231 Knorr's K.5,t.n,f.5. W.p.151. u. 

W.p.l52. S.Fluss.t.4, 
f, 7, a.b. Europe, Fr* w. 

^.|i.l52,«.41,/.4,5. u. 

L.T.3,p.Z52. fV.p.l5S. Britain. 

G.t.7,f.C.C. C. 6,M3, 
/.1 34. Z).«.64,/.2. M. 
p. 86. W.p.l5S,t.^7, 
f.e. Dr. t. 10, /.1 7. 

Britain, Fr. w. 

C. 6, MO,/. 95. E.M. 
<. 287,/.4. fT.p. 154, 
t.SSff. 1 . Indian Ocean. 

^.p. 154. Europe. 

Zi.^405,/.25l. C.6,M2, 
/.1 17. Z).M9,/.2. ^. 
p. 59. fT. p. 155,1.44, 
/. 3,4. Britain, &€. 

3239 semi-striated Z).«.97.ilf.j).61. fr.p.l56, 

<.45,/.4. 

3232 flat B. t. 2,/ 9. G.t. 89, /. G. 

ir.p.l57. u. 

sharp-edged ^•p. 15 7,1.44,/. 1. West Indies. 

3232 rayed Z. «. 393,/. 240. G.^89, 

/.I. E.M.t.2S9,f.2. 
C. 6, Ml,/ 102. W. 
p.l58,f.38,/.2,3. S. America. 

red fr.|Kl59,f.44,/2. u. 



3231 whitish 
thin 



T E L L I N A. 



19 



Linn, names. 
28 rostrata 



29 laevigata SZS2 smooth 



dO trifasciata 32S2 3-banded 



31 donacina 3234 Donax 



32 truncata 

33 trilatera 

34 oblonga 
S5 Spengleri 



Gm. Engl, names. Sywrnfm. 

3232 beaked L. U 382, /. 225. G. U SS, 

/.T. J5.Af.t.289,/.l. 
C. 6, Ml,/. 105. W. 
pA 5 9,/»3 Iff, 3. Indian Ocean. 

Z. <.387,/.234. C.6, e.l2, 
/.111. ^.j).160,<.41, 
/. 1 . Europe and India. 

C. e, <.12, / 114. a. b. 
fr.|). 161. European Ocean. 

G. t. 88, /. N. ^. jj. 58. 
jr.|i.l61,«.45,/.5. Britain, &c. 

FF.|i.l62. Java. 

C.6,M0,/.85. W.jp.UZ. 



3234 truncated 
3234 triangular 
3234 oblong 
3234 Spengler's 



36 Ferroensis 3235 carnation 



37 operculata 3235 blushing 



38 alba ^ 

39 hyalina 

40 lanceolata 



41 opaliaa 



C.6,^.10,/.87. ^.|).163. Europe. 

L. U 398, /. 237. E. M. 
<.287,/.5. C.6, MO, 
/88-90. fr.|).163,t37, 
/.2. Indian Oc^an. 

Z. t. S94,/.241. C. 6, 1.10, 
/.91. P.B.Z.4i,t.5,/.S. 
D.t.eo. W.p.ie4,t.^t 
f. 1. Britain, &c. 

iiC. 6, «. 12,/. 1. C.6,U1, 
/.97. FF.jp.l65,<.42,/.l. 

Indian Ocean. 
C.6,/.l 1^.98. u. 

C.6,Ml,/.99. ^.|). 166. I.Ocean; 
3236 lance-shaped (7.^.11,/. 103. W.p.l07, 

t. 45^. 2. India. 

3236 opaline C.6,t.l2^.107. W.f.\^7. 

c2 



3235 /3 whit^ 
3235 glassy 



20 



T E L L I N A. 



Lnin.name$. 

42 coccinea. 

43 calcarea 



Crflii. EngL namet. Synonyms. Hah'Uat. 

3236 scarlet C.6,t.l2,/.109. Mediterranean. 

3236 chalky C.6,M3^.136. W.p.ieS. 

Irish Sea. 



44 pectinata 3236 Lister's 

45 angusta 3236 narrow 

46 Madagasca- 3237 Madagascar 

riensis 

47 punicea 3239 flat-striated 

48 depressa 3238 depressed 



49 purpurascens 3237 purple 

50 aspera 3237 rough 

51 triangularis 3237 subcuneated 

52 lata 3237 broad 

53 Jamaicensis 3237 Jamaica 



54 albicans 

55 rufescens 

56 fasciata 

57 striata 

58 rosea 

59 Adansoni 



3238 whitish 

3238 reddish 

3238 banded 
3238 striated 



3238 rosy 

3239 Adanson's 



60 cancellata 3239 reticulated 

61 strigosa 3239 fasdated 



Z.«.300,/.137. W.p.ie9. E.Ind. 

L.<.383,/.226. W.pA69. 

Scotland? 

Z.<.386,/.233. W.p.UB, 
^.d9,/.2,3. Madagascar. 

Z). t. 123. M. p. 57. 

W.pA70,t.39JA. Britain, &c. 

G.tSSj.L. C.6,«.10,/.96. 
Z).M63. M.p.5e. W. 
pA7\,tA5J.$. 

L.«.391,/.230. W.p.l72. u. 

W.p,\l%. u. 

L.<.401,/.244. W.pAlS. u. 

Z.«.407,/.253.fr.j).173. Norway. 

Z.<.408,/.254. W.pAlS. 

Jamaica. 

G.t.77,f.H. W.pA7^. u. 

G.LS5,f.C. W.pAT^. u. 

G.<.89,/.B. W.pAT^. u. 

G. t. 89, /. C. M. p. 60. 

W.pA75, Britain, &c. 

K.5,t.9J.3. W.pA75. u. 

fF.pA7e. Africa. 

W.p. 176. Island of Goree. 

W.p. 177. Moluccas. 



T E L L I N A. 



21 



Linn, names. 
62 nivea 

68 sulcata 

64 angulosa 

65 Laskeyi 

66 balaustma 



68 laevis 



69 Remies 



71 Radula 



7ft scabra 



73 muricata 



74 fausta 



Gm. EngL names. Synonyms. 

snowy W.p. 1 77,<.46,/. 1 . 

sulcated W.p. 1 7SM7J. 1 . 

3244 angular 



Habitat. 
America. 



u. 



C. 10, t. 170,/. 1654-5. 
W.p\l7S. u. 

Laskey's M. SuppU.ftStf.9. Frith of Forth. 



3239 pomegranate W.p.lSO. 
flower 



Mediterranean. 



67 scobinata 3240 rasp 



smooth 



3239 waved 



70 reticulata 3240 lattice 



I. <. 203,/. 143. O.t. 76, 
/E. E.M.t. 291 J. ^. 
C.6,<.13^.122-4. fF. 
p. 1 80, ^ 35,/. 1. IndianOcean. 

Z.«.266^.102. C.6,M2, 
/.112. fF.jp. 181,^37, 
/.I. West Indies. 

C.6,M2,/.113. W.p.lS2, 
t.SSff.l. India & America. 

C.6,M2,/.118. M.p.ee. 

fF.j).182,<.42,/.2,3. 

Britain, &c. 



thread-girdedZ). 1. 130. ilf. j). 68, t. 2, 

/.1, 2. fr.p.l83,f.42, 
/4,5. 



rough 



prickly 



obsolete 



C. 11, «. 199,/. 1943-44. 

fr.p.l84. W. Indies. 

C. 11, <. 199,/. 1945-46. 

JF.p.lS5. 



E.M. t. 290,/.2. D.t.OS. 

M.p.ee. W.p.lS5. Britain, &c. 



i 



22 



T E L L I N A. 



hkm. namet. 



76 



76 lactea 



3240 milky 



77 rotundata 

78 flexuosa 

79 carnaria 



round 
crooked 



Gm. Engl, names, Synom^ms. Hahitai, 

thick Z.^299,/.136. P.B.Z.i. 

t.SlJ.l. D.i.l03. M. 
p. 65. fr.|).186,t.40, 
/.I. Britainy&c. 

G.t.7\J.T>. c.e.t.is, 

/.125. ;if.p.70,<.2,/.4. 
W.pAS7. Britain. 

M.p.7it$.2j.3. W.p.lS7 

D.t.4,2,f.ft. M.p.72. 

W.p.lSSM7ff.7,S. 

9240 flssh-colour. L.t.SS9,fA76. C.6,M3, 

/.126. D.iA7. M.p.73. 
W.p.lS9M0jA,5. 

American Ocean. 

SO polygona 3244 polygonal C. 10, t. 170, /. 1650-3. 

M. SuppL t. 28, /. 4. 
W,p.l90. Indian Ocean. 

81 decussata decussated fF.|}.190,^43,/.2,3. u. 

82 cordiformis heart-shaped C. 11, t. 199, f. 1941-2. 

fF.|i.l91,«.43,/.4,5. W.Indies. 

83 bimaculata 3240double-spotted C.6,M3,/.127. Z).M9, 

/.1,2. ilf.|).59.^.|i.l92, 
tA5J.6,7. Britain, &c. 

L.tM5j.250. C.6,M2, 
/.llO. P.5.Z.4,<.52, 
/.2. M.p.es. W.p.lBS, 
tAej.ft. 

C.6,<.13,/.128. fF.p.\9^. 

Baltic Sea. 



84 solidula 



solid 



85 Balthica 3241 Baltic 



86 piiiformis 3241 pea 



W.p.l94i. Eur. mouths of rivers. 



TEI.l^.Wq . 



^1 «■ « % • 




"'AI * 



^i'T" ^ 



'D^ 



f?^ H 



«. 



TELLINA. 



23 



Ztfin. flames. 
87 divaricata 



88 dentata 

89 digitaiia 

90 cornea 



91 lacustris 



striated 



toothed 
SUl digital 



92 Iberica 

93 sinuosa 

94 Gallica 

95 Senegalensis 

96 limosa 

97 inffiquivalvis 



Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Hahiiai. 

3241 obliquely L. t. 301,/. 142. E.M. 

^289,/.4. C.6, M3, 
/1 29. W.p.l95,t.4e, 
/.6. Mediterranean. 

fr.|i.l95,<.46,/.7. u. 

C.6,M2,/. 121. E.M. 
«.292,/.6. W.p.l96. America. 

3241 hom-coloured£.M59,/.14. G.t.l,f.C. 

C. 6, t. 13, /. 133. a. b. 
E.M.t.302j.5. P.B.Z. 
4, t. 52, /. 3. Z). «. 95. 
M.p.se. fr.|).196,<.46, 
/.3. Dr. MO,/. 1-3. 

Britain, &c.Fr.w. 

C.6,<. 13,/. 135. E.M. 
^302,/6. ilf.jj.89. W. 
p.l97,<.47,/.5. Z)r.<.10, 
/.14&15. 

W.p. 198. Shores of Spain. 

G.t.77j.D.E. W.p.l9S. 



3242 lake 



3243 Spanish 

3243 sinuous 

3244 French 
3244 Senegal 

Maton's 

3233 unequal- 
valved 



fV.p.l99. River Mame, France. 

W.p.l99. Africa- 

fr.jp.l99,«.46,/.4,5. 

S. America. Fr.w. 

C. 6, t. 11,/. 106. a-d. 
Z). «. 41,/.l. M.p.75. 
^.|).201,«.47,/.2.4. 

Britain, &c. 



24 



C A R D I U M. 



Ztftfi. names. Gm. Engl, names. 



Synonyms. 



HabUat. 



VII. CARDIUM. COCKLE. 



1 aculeatum 8247 spiny L.t.S^hf.lSS. G.t. 72, 

/.A. E.M.t.29BJ.l. 
C. 6, t. 15, /. 155-7. 
P.5.Z.4,<.53,/.1. D. 
t.e. M.p.77. W.p.207, 
f.51,/.l. Britain, &c. 

2 echinatum 8247 thorny L. t. 324,/. 161. E.M. 

^298,/. S. C.6,M5, 
/. 158. D. 1. 107,/. 1. 

M.p.7S. W.p.20SM9$ 
/.1,2. 

3 ciliare 3248 fringed L. ^ 325,/. 162. G.t.72, 

f.Q. C.6,M7^.171-2. 
P.B.Z.^,t.53j.2. D. 
t. 32, / 2. i»f. p. 79. 
^.f.49^.3,4. 

4 tuberculatum 3248 tuberculated L. t. 329,/. 166. G. t. 71, 

/.M. C.6,M5,/.173, 
&<.19^.191. Z).«.107, 

/. 2. 3f. J). 79 & 568. 
»'.p.210,<.50,/.l,2. 

5 medium 3246 marbled L.U 316,/. 153. E.M. 

t.29ej.l. C.6,M6, 
/. 162-4. D.t.Z2j.\. 
M.p.S9. fr.j).211,<.50, 
/.3. India and America. 

6 exiguum 3255 pigmy L.t.3l7j.i54.D.t.32,/.3. 

M.p.S2. W.p.2l2. Britain. 

knotty M.p.Sl. W.p.2\2. 

red M.p.33. W.p.2\Z. 



7 nodosum 

8 rubrum 



C A R D I U M. 



25 



Linn, names. Gm. 
9 arcuatum 

10 discors 

11 elongatum 

12 muricatulum 

13 fasciatum 



Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

waved M.p.S5yt.3jf.2. W.p.ZlS. 

Britain. 



pea 

lengthened 
microscopic 
banded 



14 muricatum 3250 prickly 



15 Isocardia 3249 imbricated 



16 glaucimi 3253 greenish 

17 maculosum mottled 

18 ringens 3254 toothed 



19 ventricosum 



prominent 



20 magnum 3250 great 



21 Isvigatum 3251 smooth 



M.p.B4!. W.p.214!. — ? 

M.p.62. W.p.2U. 

-W^.jp.85. W.p.2\5. 

M. SuppLp. 30, t. 27, f. 6. 

W.p.2\5. 

Z./.322,/.159. A'.4,M4, 
/.5. C. 6, 1. 17 J. 177. 
fr.p.216,^51,/.2,3. W.Indies, 

Z. ^. 323,/. 1 60. C.6,t.l7, 
/. 174-6. E.M.t.297, 
/.4. fF. p. 217,^52, 
/1,2. E.& W.Indies. 

fV.p.2 1 8. Mediterranean. 

fV.p.2lS,t.52yf.3. V. 

L.t.330j.lG7. A'.4,M4, 
f.3. C.6,M6,/170. 
E.M. t. 296,/. 3. W. 
p.2l9,t.53j.l,2. Africa. 

L. t. 328, f. 165. E.Af. 
t.299,f.l. W.p.220. 

Coast of Campeachy. 

Z.^331,/.168. C.6,t.\7, 
/.1 79. E.M.t.297,f.3. 
JV.p.22l,t.53,f.3. W.Indies. 

Z./.332,/.169. P.B.Z.4, 
t.54. D.t.54f. M.p.BO. 
W.p.222,t.5i,f.\,2. Britain &c. 



26 



C A R D I U M. 



Lnm, names. Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat 

22 citrinum 3251 citron G.t.SZtf.A. C.6,<. 18, 

[serratum.'] /.189. W. p. 223 , 1.4^4, 

f.3. India and S. America. 

23 oblongum 3254 oblong C. 6, 1. 19,/ 190. E.M. 

t. 298,/. 5. W.p. 223, 
^55^.1. Mediterranean. 

24 flavum 3251 yellow S. Einl. 2, t. 7,/ 1 1. a. b. 

W.p.224. Coast of Coromandel. 

25 rusticum 3252 banded C.6,M9,/197. W.p.225y 

t.55,f,2f3. European Seas. 

26 edule 3252 common Z.^334,/171. 6^.t.71^.F. 

C.6,M9,/194. E.M. 
<.300,/ 5. P.B.Z.4, 
t.53j.3. Z).M24. M. 
p.76. fV.p.226,t.55,f.4i. 

Europe. 

27 Icelandicum 3252 Iceland C.6,<. 19,/ 195-6. E.M. 

<.300,/8. W.p.221. Iceland. 

28 Groenlandi- 3252 Greenland C.6,M9,/198. E.M. 

cum t.SOOj.l. W.p.227. 

Greenland. 



29 regulare 



equal-sided fV.p.22S. 



West Indies. 



30 pectinatum 3253 pectinated G.t.75,f.A. W.p.229. 

Mediterranean. 



31 Auricula 

32 Lima 



3253 eared 
3253 Asiatic 



53 papyraceum 3254 paper 



W.p.229. Arabia. 

E. M. 1.1192,/. 1. 2L.h. C.e, 
M 5,/ 153-4. fV.p.230. 

Indian Ocean. 

C.6,M8,/.184. fV.p.^30, 

t.OOft.O. • 



C A R D I U M. 



27 



Lkin* names. 
34 costatum 



S5 apertmn 



gaping 



36 solenifonoe 3226 solen 
IS. buUatus.] 



37 pectenifinrme 



38 Donaci&rme 



39 fimbriatum 



40 ^olicum 3254 Janus 



41 rigidum 

42 latum 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HabUaU 

3244 ribbed Z. 1.327,/. 164. (7.^72, 

/.D. C.6,M5,/.151-2. 
E.M. t 293,/. 1. W. 
p.231,^56j:i. Africa. 

C.6,M8,/181.3. E.M. 
t.29e,f.5. W.p.232, 
U56,f.2. Asia & S. America. 

Z.^ 342/. 179. G.LS5, 
/H. E.M. t. 296 J. 6. 
C.6,*. 6,/.19,50. W. 
p.23S,t.56,f.3. S. America. 

G.t.7lJ.H. C.6,t.l7, 
/.1 80. W.p.233. V. 

C.6,M6,/.165. fr.p.234. 

Indian Ocean. 

furbelowed W. p. 234, t. 56, /. 4, 5. 

S. EinL2,t. 7, f. 13? u. 

Z.<.314,/150. C.6,<.18, 
/.187.8.£:.il/.«.296,/.4. 
W.p.235,t.57,f.l. Ind.&China. 

W.p.236yt.57,f.l,2. V. 

C. 6, ^ 19, /. 192-3. 

fKp.236,<.57,/.4,5. Ind. Ocean. 



pecten 



Donax 



rough 
3254 broad 



43 flexuosum 3255 flexuous 

44 rubiginosum 3256 rusty 

45 albidum 3256 whitish 



46 virescens 

47 lineatum 

48 roseum 



3256 greenish 
3246 streaked 
3245 rose 



u. 
u. 
u. 
u. 



Z.^S43,/.180. 

G.t.S3j.D. W.p.23S. 

G.t.B3j.H. W.p.23S. 

(7.^84,/.A. W.p.23S. 

E.M.t.29SJ.6. W.p.239. u. 

E.M.t.294fJ.2. C.6,M4, 
f.U7.W.p.239,t.57J.6. 

Nicobar Isl. & Gulf of Bengal. 



28 



M A C T R A. 



Linn, names, Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, Habitat. 

49 hemicardium 3246 triangular G,t.BS,f.c, E.M.t.295, 

f.2. C.6,«.16/.159-61. 
W,p.24tO,t,57j,7,S. E.Indies. 

50 Fragum 3249 strawberry L,t.$l5,f.l52. G.t.S3, 

f.E, C.6,M6,/.166-7. 
E.M. t. 295, f. 3. W. 
p,24ilft.5S,f.lf2. Indian Seas. 

51 Unedo 3250 white straw- Z.r.l35/.151. G./.83, 

berry /.A. C.6,M6,/.168-9. 

E.M. t. 295, f. 4. fV. 
p.242, t,5S,f,3. Amboyna. 

52 retusum 3245 Diana-heart C.6,M 2,/. 139-42. E.M. 

t. 249,/. 3. W.p. 243, 
^58,/.4,5. East Indies. 

53 Cardissa 3245 spiny -keeled Z.<. 31 8,/. 155. G.^84, 

/.B.C.D. E.M. t. 293, 
/.8. C.6,*.14,/.143-4. 
fr.p.244,<.59,/.l,2. 

54 humanum smooth-keeled Z.^219,/.l 5 8. C6,M4, 

/. 145-6. E,M.t,294, 
/.I. fr.|}.245,<.59,/.3,4. 

Indian Ocean & Persian Gulf. 



VIII. MACTRA. MACTRA. 



1 Spengleri 3256 Spengler's 

2 plicataria 3257 plaited 

3 papyracea 3257 paper 



C.6,<.20,/.199-201. E,M, 
t.252j.$. C. of G. Hope. 

C.6,*.20,/.202.4. Ind. Ocean. 

C.e, t.29jJi3l. Nicobar Isl. 




f 






^ 

•# 



^ ^Qr ^^ ^^ 4P^ 





^ # V 



is^^ 



M A C T R A. 



29 



Linn, names. 

4 vitrea 

5 striatula 



6 cygnea 

7 maculata 

8 turgida 

9 violacea 

10 cuneata 

11 rotundata 

12 glabrata 



IS nitida 

14 corallina 

15 lactea 

16 striata 

17 radiata 

18 Stultorum 



19 grandis 



Gm. Engl, names. 
brittle 

S257 striated 



Synonyms, 



Habiua. 



S260 swan 
3260 spotted 

3260 inflated 
3260 violet 



C.9,«.200,/. 1959-60. Ceylon. 

C.*.85,/.F. C. 6, «.21, 
/. 205-6. E.M.t.Z5l, 
/.I. West Indies. 

C.6, ^21,/.207. Tranquebar. 

C.6,^21,/.208-9. E.M. 
t,254,f,S. Nicobar Islands. 

C. 6,^2 1 ^.210-12. Tranquebar. 
C.6,^22,/.21S-4. 



3260 wedge-shapedC. 6, /. 22,/. 215. E.M. 

t.257j.5. 

3257 roundish Z. <.263,/.99. u. 

3258 smooth Z.^263,/.99. G.^71,/.A. 

C.6,^22,/.216-7. 



African Ocean, 



3258 pellucid S.EinLS,LS,f.2. 



u. 



3258 wh..banded G. U 71,/. B. C. 6, U 22, 

/.218-9. Mediter. & Guinea. 



3258 milky 



C. 6,*.22,/.220-2 1 . Tranquebar. 



3257 striated C.6,^22,/.222-3. 



u. 



rayed 



Z).M61. 



Britain? 



3258 simpleton Z.<.251,/.85. G.Ull, 

f.C. C.6, ^23,/. 224-7. 
P.B.Z.4,t.52jA.E.M. 
^256,/3. M.p.94. Britain, &c. 



3259 large simple- C.6,^23,/228. 
tons* 



New Jersey. 



30 



M A C T R A. 



Lkm. nanus. Gm. EngL names. Synonyms. HabUai, 

20 adiatina variegated C. 11^.200,/. 1957-8. 



21 solida 



3259 strong 



22 solidissima 3259 thick 

[soUdaf var. /3.] 

23 subtmneata abrupt 



24 australis 



25 Listeri 



3221 southern 

IMya.^ 

3261 Lister's 



Tranquebar. 

L.t,25Sff.S7''S» C6,^.23» 
/. 229-30. P.B.Z. 4, 
<.54,/l.&^55,/.2. D. 
LSI, M.p.92. Britain, &c. 

C.10,f.l70,/.1656. N. America. 

L. t. 253,/. 86. P.B.ZA, 
t.55ffA.M.p.93. SuppL 

/.IK Britain. 

C.6, t.SJ. 1 9,20. New Zealand. 



26 tenuis 

27 Boysii 

28 triangularis 

29 minutissima 

30 glauca 



thin 
Boys*s 



31 pellueida 

32 fragUis 



33 rugosa 3261 rugged 



Z.*.253^.88. C.6,^3, 
/.21. E.M.t.257j.4. 
D.t.e^J.l. M.p.de. 

Mouths of rivers, Britain, &c. 

M.p.572,t.l7j.7. Britain. 

iif. j^ 98, r. 3,/.7. z.r.e, 

M8,/.9-12. 

triaDgular M.p*99,US^f.5. 

minute M. SuppLp.S7. 

3260 red-rayed C. 6, <.23,/.232-3. E.M. 

«.256,/l. D.t.l25. M. 
p.57l. Spain. Britain ? 

3260 transparent C.6,^24,/.234. Guinea. 

C.6, *.24^.235. M.p.95, 
L5JA. lM.dealbata.^ 

Britain, &c. 

C.6, t.24,/.236. Mediterranean. 



3261 brittle 



D O N A X. 



31 



Lmn, names. 

34 ^gypCiaca 

35 complanata 



3261 flat 



36 lutraria 3259 large 



37 hians 



Gm. Engl, namei. Synonyms, HalnUU. 

Egyptian C. 11,^200,/. 1955-6. Red Sea. 

C.e, <.24^. 238-9. E.M. 
t,25S,fA. Tranquebar. 

Z.*.415,/.259. C. 6,^24, 
/. 240-1. E.M.t.25S, 
/.3. P.B.ZA,t.55,f.3. 
D.L5S. M.p.lOO. Britain^&G. 

gaping G. t. 90, lower /. A. 

D.UUO. M.pAOX. Britain. 



IX. DONAX. 



WEDGE. 



1 scortum 



2 pubescens 3262 spiny 



3 rugosa 



4 Serra 



5 Tnmculus 3263 yellow 



6 complanata 



7 striata 



3262 beaked Z./.377,/.220. C.6,<.25, 

/. 242-7. E.M. t. 260, 
/•2. East Indies. 

C. 6, r. 25,/. 248. E.M. 
t.260,f.l. Amboyna. 

3262 wrinkled Z.<.375,/.216. G.t.S9, 

f.F. C.6,f.25,/.250. S.Ocean. 

crenated C.6,^25,/. 251-2. E.M. 

t.Zeoj.S. Tranquebar. 

L.t.$7ej.2l7. G.t. SS, 

f.O. C.6,«.26,/.253.4. 

E.M.t.262j.l. P.B.Z. 

4,/.58,/.l. Z).«.91,/.l. 

M.p.lW. Britam, &c. 

single-rayed L.t.SS4,f.227. M.p.ioe, 

t.5,f.4t. Britain. 

3263 striated Z.<.376,/.219. (7.6,^26, 

/.255. E.M.t.2ehf.9. 

West Indies. 



32 



D O N A X. 



Linn, names, 
8 dendculata 



9 plebeia 

10 castanea 

11 spinosa 

12 incarnata 

13 ctineata 



14 laevigata 

15 scripta 



16 Faba 

17 radiata 

18 muricata 

19 straminea 

20 Candida 

21 Inis 



Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat, 

3268 toothed £.t.376^.218-9. C.6,<.26, 

/.256-7. P,B.Z,4,t,5S, 
f,%, D.t.24f. M,p.l04. 

Mediterranean. 

horn-colour. Z.<.389,/.228. M,p,l07t 

t.5,f.2, Britain. 

chesnut M.p,57S,t,i7,f,2, 

3265 decussated C. 6,^26,/. 25 8. Tranquebar. 

3265 flesh-colour. C.6,^26,/.259. 

3263 compressed Z./. 392,/. 231. C.6,^26, 

/.260. E,M,t,2ei,f.5. 



East Indies. 



3265 smooth 



3264 lettered 



C.6,«.25,/.249. Tranquebar. 

L, t, 379, /. 222 & 380, 
/.223. G,t,SSJ,Q. C, 
6,^26,/. 261-5. E.M, 
^261,/.2-4. East Indies. 

3264 bean-shaped C, 6, /. 26,/, 266. E.M. 

^261,/.7. Coast of Malabar. 

iS'.£:m/.3,;}.104,^8,/.3. 

Tranquebar. 

L.S.N.p,ll2S. Indian Ocean. 

S, Einl3jp,l05, t.Sj,4. u. 

S, Einl,3,p.l0e,t.S,f.5, 

Tranquebar. 

G. t, 95, f. A. C. 6, t. 26, 
/.268.70 E.M.t.2e2, 
/.4. D. t. 29,/.2. M. 
p.lOS & 573. Britain, &c. 



3266 two-rayed 

3265 prickly 

3266 straw-col. 
3266 white 

3265 foliated 



J/L^rTHJl. 



PL6 




4 "- 








9 » 



//ee 



/ft H. 




f6f* 



/^w 



/>♦ 



to^ 



Zt >» 



VENUS. 



33 



Linn, names, Gm. EngL names* 



Synonyms. 



HahUai. 



X. VENUS. 
1 Dione 



3 fasciata 



4 succincta 

5 Marica 

6 eingenda 



8 Tiara 



10 excavata 

11 spinifera 

12 verrucosa 



VENUS* 

3266 prickly- 
mouthed 



2 Papilla 8^68 wrinkled 



tliick-ribbed 



32S2 grooved 
3268 American 

girdled 



7 Dysera 3268 ribbed 



turban 



9 ph'cata 3276 plaited 



3269 excavated 

spiny 
3269 warty 



Z.^ 307,/. 140. G.^76, 
/.D. C.6,<.27^.271-3. 
E.M.t.275,fA. S. America. 

Z;.<.279,/.116. G.t.B5, 
/.A. C.6,<.27,/.274-6. 
E.M.1.275JA. West Indies. 

Z.*.295,/.132. C.6,<.27, 
/. 277-8. E.M. U 276, 
f.2. D.t.l70. M.pAlO. Britain. 

L.M.p.5^6. u. 

C.6, ^27,/.282-6. E.M. 
t.275,f.2. American Seas. 

Zr.<.378^.115. C.6,«.28, 
/.287-90. E.M. *.«68, 
f.\. M.Suppl.p.^2. W.Indies. 

L.t.277j.lU. C.6, *.28, 
/. 291-2. E.M.t.275, 
f.5. East Indies. 

O.t.SSj.D. C.6,U27, 
/.279.81. 

C.6,<.28,/.295-7. E.M. 
i.275,f.S. Levant. 

S.EinU,p.l67,t.Sj.lO. v. 

M.p.577,t. 1 7,/. 1 . Briton. 

Z.^ 284,/. 122. G.t.75, 
f. H. C.6, t. 29,/. 299- 
300. P.B.Z.4>,t.57,f.l. 
D.t.U. M.pM2. Britain, flt'c. 



84 



VENUS. 



13 rigida 

14 casina 



Gm. Engl.name§» Sjfnonyms. HahUat. 

rigid C.6,(.29,/.303. W.Indies. 

3269 broad-ribbed Z. 1.286^.123. C.6,^29, 

/.301-2. P.B.ZA,t.57, 
/.2. D.t.UO. M.pA7. 

Britain, &c. 

15 cancdlata 3270 channeled C.6, 1. 29,/.d04-7. E.M. 

<.267,/.7. D.t.U5. M. 
p.574. Indian Ocean. 

subcordate M.pA^l^t.SffA. Britain? 

red-8trcaked Af. p. 121,*. 3,/. 3. 

furrowed M.p.lSl. L.T.S,t.2j.Z. 

Scotland. 

M.Suppl.pAS,t.Z6jA. 

C.7, *.89^.41S. M.pA4. 

Zr.jr.8,p.8i)/.2iy.3. ^— ^— 



16 subcordata 

17 minima 

18 sulcata 

19 Montagui 

20 Scotica 



Montagu's 
3285 Scottish 



[bareaUs.'] 
21 Danmonia Devonshire M, SuppLpAS^tZd^fA. Britain. 



22 refleza 3290 reflected 

[undtdata,'] 

23 Gallina 3270 hen 



G. t. 75,/. O. AT. SuppL 
P.40&168. 

L.f.295,/.l31. C.6, «.30, 
/. 308-10. P.B.Z.4, 



24 drcinata 3288 compass 

[Gtuneensis,'] 

25 Caliste 

26 oompressa 

27 exalbida 

28 petulca 

29 granulata 



30 ovata 



^59,/.2. D.t.es. M. 
jxll3. Britain, 8rc. 

C.6,<.30,/.311-12. M. 
Suppl.pAS8ilGS. C. of Guinea. 

3277 sordid white iS'.£:m/.3,|}.156,(.8,/.8. RedSea. 
3282 compressed L.M.p.54i6. u. 

whitish C.ll,^202,/.1974. Falkland Isl. 

L.S.N.p. 1131. S. of Europe. 

C.6, 1.30,/. 313. Z).«.83. 

M.p.l20. W.Indies. Britain? 
iJf.p.l20. I. r. 8, p. 85, 

t.ftyfA. Britain. 



clouded 
3277 grained 

oval 



VENUS. 



35 



Linn, names. Gm, Engl, names, 

31 paupercula despised 

32 flexuosa 3270 flexuous 



33 Mactroides 3278 Mactra 

l^Corbicula,'] 

34 tripla 3276 triple 



35 triangularis triangular 

36 Malabarica 3277 Malabar 

IGallus.'] 

37 flammea 3278 brown-band. 

38 Erycina 3271 polished 



39 costata ribbed 

40 mercenaria 3271 mercenary 



41 Icelandica 



Icelandic 



Synonyms. Halntat* 

C.ll,l.202,/.1977. CoromandeL 

G. t.SS,f.l. C. 6,t.31, 
/. 333-4. E. M. t. 266, 
/.6. West Indies. 

Z.<.251,/.85. C.6,«.31, 
/.326. E.M.t.2e9j.S. 

L. U %5Z,f. 86. G. i. 75, 
/.Q. C.6,^31,/.330-2. 
£.M.<.269,/.4. Africa. 

M.p.577,t.l7,f.3. Britain. 

C.G, <.31,/.324-5. Malabar. 

iS.iE;tn/.3,p.200,<.8,/.12. Red Sea. 

Z.f.268,/.104. C.6,f.82, 
/337-9.. E.M. t. 264, 
/.3. Europe & Asia. 

C.ll,<.202^.1975. Ceylon. 

Z.^ 271,/. 107. CIO, 
<.171,/.1659-60. E.M. 
t.%63. North America. 

Z.«.272,/.108. G.<.58, 

/.B. C.6,<.32^.341.2. 

P.B.ZA,t.5e. D.t.77. 



42 coaxans 

43 lusoria 

44 Chione 



3278 Ceylon 
sportive 

3272 smooth- 
brown 



M.p.lU. 

C.6, <.32/.336. 

C.6,*.32^.340. 

Z;.^ 269^. 105. 
/. A. C. 6, t. 32 J. 343. 
iE:.Ar.*.266,/.l. P.B.Z. 
4, /. 54. D. 1. 17. M. 
p. 115. Britain, &c. 



Britain, &c. 
Ceylon. 
Amboyna. 
C t. 86, 



d2 



36 



VENUS. 



Linn, names. 
45 maculata 



46 casta 

47 Meretrix 



48 paradoxa 

49 laeta 

50 opima 

51 triradiata 

52 nebulosa 

53 contemta 

54 recens 

55 Japonica 

56 striata 

57 castrensis 



3278 chaste 
S279 lipped 



Om, Engl, nam^s. Synonyms. HahiUU. 

3272 spotted Z.I. 270,/. 106. G.t.86, 

/. I. C. 6, t. 33,/. 345. 
E.M.t.Z65,fA. W. Indies. 
C6,l.33,/.346. E. Indies. 

G. U 76, f. C. C. 6, t. S3, 
f. 347-52. E.M.t.26S, 
/.6. Indian Seas. 

^.j9.66, r.4,/.12,13, Peru ? 

G. t. 88,/. V. C. 6, t. 34, 
/.35d-4. Mediterranean. 

C.6, «.34,/.355-7. E. Indies. 

3279 three-rayed C.6, <.34,/.356-8. Tranquebar. 

3279 clouded C.6, 1. 34,/. 35 9-61. 

C.6, r.34,/.362-3. Malabar. 



doubtful 

3278 globose 

3279 plump 



3279 shabby 

fresh 
3279 Japan 

3279 striated 
3273 eastern 



58 Pectunculus 3287 painted 



59 Lorenziana 

60 omata 



Lorenzo 
adorned 



C.ll,t.202,/.1979. Coromandel. 

C. 6, t. 34, f. 364. E. M. 
1. 267^/6; Tranquebar. 

C.6, f.34,/.365-6. Nicobar Isl. 

L. U 262,/. 98. G. t. 82, 
/.H. C. 6, t. 3o,f. 367- 
370. E.M.t.273,f.l. 

Amboyna, &c. 

Z. t. 254-7. G. L 82,/.G, 
C.l 1,1.202,/. 1693-4. 

Red Sea, &c. 

C.l 1, l.200,/.1961-2. Ceylon, 

L.t.259,f.95. C.6, 1.35, 
/. 380-1. E.M.t.273, 
/.2. Tranquebar. 



VENUS. 



37 



Lmn, names, 

61 Phryne 

62 Meroe 

63 Callipyga 

64 deflorata 



65 fimbriata 3fi75 fringed 



66 reticulata 



69 radiata 

70 cincta 

71 squamosa 

72 lapicida 

73 divergens 
7i plumbca 



Gm. EngL names. Synonyms, Habitat, 

3274 Phryne R.tAiJ.O. Southern Ocean. 

3274 Meroe Z.e.378/.221. C.6, r.43, 

/.450-4. East Indies. 

3282 Arabian C. 11,^.201, /.1 968-70. RedSea. 

3274 purp.-streak. L. t. 425,/. 273. G, t. 86, 

/.B.C. C.6,/.9,/.79-83. 
P.B,Z. 4, ^60. E.M. 
/.231,/.3,4. West Indies. 

L.t. 1056,/. 1. G.t.75, 
/.C. C.7,t.43,/.448-9. 

East Indies. 



netted 



67 Puerpera 3276 spotted 



68 crenulata 3279 crenulated 



L.t. 335 J. 172. G.t.S3, 
/. F. C.7,^36,/.382-4. 
^.ilf.<.278,/.l. 

Ceylon and New S.Wales. 

G. t. 76,/ G. C, 6, t. 36, 
/. 388-9. E. M. t. 278, 
/.2. East Indies. 

Z,r.283,/ll. C. 6,^36, 
/.385. 



3280 rayed 
3286 girdled 
3%75 scaly 

3269 rock 

3269 ziz-zag 
3280 leaden 



C.6,f.36,/.386. 
C.6,t.36,/387. 



V. 



u. 



G.f. 83,/lG. C6, t. 31, 
/.335. Amboyna. 

C.10,M 72,/ 1664-5. W. Indies. 
C.10,t.l72,/.1666-7. 



C.7,/.69,/ A-D. E.M. 
t.259j.3. New Zealand. 



38 



VENUS. 



Lmm. mimes. Gm. Engl, names, 
76 tigerina 8283 tiger 



76 Sinensis 8285 China 

77 proBtrata 8288 compressed 

78 Pensylvanica 8288 Pensylvania 



79 Jamaicensis 



Jamaica 



80 spuria 



8284 spurious 



81 punctata 8284 dotted 



82 sinuata 



8285 sinuated 



88 exoleta 3284 antiquated 



84 concentrica 3286 concentric 



85 juvenilis 



young 



86 Histrio 



3287 map 



Synonyms, HahikA* 

L,t.S05j.lSS. G.t.77. 
/.I. C. 6, 87,/. 890-1. 
EM.um,fA. W. Indies. 

C.10,M71,/.1663. China. 

C.6,^29,/.298. Tranquebar. 

Z.<.805,/.188. C.7, <.87, 
/.894-6. E. M. t. 284, 
/.I. America. 

0.t.SS,f.B. C.7,e.89, 
/.408. E.M.t.2S4,f.ft. 

Jamaica. 

Z.<.296,/.188. C.7,r.88, 
/.899. North Seaa. 

G. U 75,/. D. C. 7, t. 87, 
/.897-8. Amboyna. 

Z.t.294^.130. C.7, 1 38, 
/.400.1. E.M.U%79y 
/.4. Tranquebar. 

L. t. 291, /. 127 & 293, 

/.129. E.M.t.279j.5. 

C. 7, t. 38, /. 402-4. 

RB.Z.4yt.57J.3. D. 

<.42/.l. M.ji.116. Britain, &c. 

L.r.288,/124. G.^76, 
/. F. C. 7, U 37,/.293. 
£.M.«.279,/.2. Jamaica. 

L.^295,/.131. C.7,^88, 
/.405. E.M.t.2S0,f.2. 

Indian Seas. 

C. 7, t. 38,/. 107. E. M. 
t.2S0jA. E.Indies. 



VENUS. 



39 



jLtfiii. names. 
87 undata 



88 tumidula 

89 aculeata 

90 pecdnata 



91 discoTS 



92 dlspar 



93 equivoca 



94 divancata 



Gm, Engl, names* Synonyms. Habitat. 

waved P. B. Z. 4, t. 48, /. 3. 

D.t.121. L.T.t.6,t.l7f 
/.17,18. M.p.117. Britain. 

3285 gibbous L.M.p.546. u. 

3293 acute-ribbed S.Eml.S,p.200,t.S9f.lS. u. 

3285 pectinated Z.^ 313,/. 149. G.t.72. 

/.E.F. C.7,*.39,/.415. 
416.^.ilf.^271,/.4. Amboyna. 

3292 toothed Z.^312,/.148. C.7,<.39, 

/.418-19. E.M.t.27\y 
f.\. China. 



unequal 



C. 11, t. 202,/. 1981-2. 
E.M.t.^7hf.Z. South Seas. 



equivocal C.l 1,^202,/. 1980. E.M. 

r.271,/.3. East Indies. 

3277 divaricated Z.^310,/.146. C.6,^30, 

/.316. E.M.t.27hf.5. Ceylon. 



95 contraria 3277 contrary 



96 corrugata 



C.M.30/.317-19. E.M. 

f.259,/.2. West Indies. 

corrugated C.7,f.39,/.410-ll. B.t.5, 

f.7. Red Sea. 



97 scripta 3286 written 



98 edentula 3286 toothless 



99 globosa 3287 globose 



G. t. 77,/. C. C. 7, t. 40, 
/. 420-6. E. M, t. 274, 
/.I. Amboyna. 

Z. (. 260,/.96. C.7,<.40, 
/.427-9. E. M. L 284, 
/.3. Jamaica. 

C.7,/,40/.430-31. E.M. 

/.285,/,l. RcdSoa. 



40 



VENUS. 



Linn, namet. Om, Engl, names, Sifnontfmi. HaXnUU. 

00 gigantea 3282 gigantic C. 10,^.1 71, /.1 661. E.M. 

t.2S0,f.3. West Indies. 

01 literata 8293 lettered L. t. 402,/. 246. G. t. 86, 

/.F. C.7,t.41,/.432-4. 
E.M.U2S0,fA. Amboyna. 

02 geographica 3293 geographic G.t.S6,f.H. C.7,t.4tZ, 

/.440. Mediterranean. 

C.7,«.42,/.441. E.M. 
r.281,/3. Ceylon. 

L.tAOOj.239. C.7,t.42, 
/.442-3. E. M. t. 283, 
/.I. Red Sea. 

C.7,t.42,/.444. Mediterranean. 



03 rotundata 3294 rounded 



04 Textile 3280 tissue 



A.p.227,t 1 7,/. 1 1 . Senegal. 



08 perforans 

09 pullastra 



05 obsoleta 3280 wrinkled 

[corrugataJ] 

06 Senegalen8is3282 Senegal 

07 decussate 3294 intersected Z.^423,/.271. G.t.SB, 

/.L. C.7,«.43,/.455-6. 
P.B.ZA,t.60. D.t.67. 
M.p.l24!, Britain, 8rc. 

boring P. B. Z. 4, t. 58, /. 4. 

M.p.l27,t.3j'.e. Britain. 

Sandwich M. p. 124. L. T. 6, 1. 1 7, 

/.13,148r 8,^.2^.7. 

10 virginea 3294 maidenly Z. t. 403, /. 247 8e 404, 

/.248. C.7M3JA57. 
P. B. Z. 4, t. 58, /. 5. 
£:. M. t. 283, f. 2. M. 
jp.l28. L.T.S,t.2,f.S. 

Britain, &c. 
Z. t. 404,/. 249. G. /. 85, 
/I. C. 7, r. 43,/ 458. 
P.-B.Z.4,f.60.M.p.ll9. 

Britain. 



Ill aurea 3288 golden 



vi\yT\y. 




44. «• 



4/- ir 



4*? 




d#^ 



49/ 



i^ « t .i/ #r. ♦ ^* *!r 









<rfl '/ ♦ 



•Si^ *r 4- S9 f ■* <i/> «. 



' " *t t( 



•## 



#i 




|#e 



SPONDYLU S.— C H A M A. 



41 



Linn, names, Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HaUUU. 

112 monstrosa 3280 uneq.ovalved C.7,t.42,/.445-6. Nicobar Isl. 

113 fluminalis 3242 Tentricose C. 6,^30,/. 320. E.M. 

[ Tel.'] /. 30 1 ,/.2. Euphrates. Fr. w. 

114 fluminea 3242 heart-sliaped C.e,t.S0,f.S22'S. China. Fr.w. 

[m] 

115 fluviatUis 3243 river C.6,<.30,/.321. Canton. Fr.w. 

ITel.] 

116 hermaphro- 3278 triangular C.6»<.31,/.327-9. Guinea. Fr.w. 

dita 



XI. SPONDYLUS. HINGED OYSTER. 



1 Gaedaropus 3296 red thorny 



2 regius 

3 plicatus 



3298 royal 
3298 spineless 



4 citreus 



citron 



Z.^ 206,/. 40. G.t. 99, 
f. F. & G. C. 7, t. 44, 
/.459-62. E.M.t.\90' 
195. Amboyna. 

C.7,/.46,/.471. India. 

Z.<.210,/.44. 6r.^99, 
/. E. C.7, ^47,/.479- 
482. W. Indies. 

D'Arg.t.20,f. K. 



XII. CHAMA. 



CLAMP. 



1 Cor 



3299 heart 



Z./. 275,/: 111. G.t.7l, 
f. E. C. 7, t. 48,/.483. 
E.M. t. 232, f. I. D. 
t.\3\. M.p.l3i. Britain, &c 



42 



CHAIirA. 



lAtm. names, 
t Gigas 



Om. Engl. 
St99 giant 



S Hippopus 


3300 spotted 


4 antiqnata 


8800 antiquated 


5 Moltkiana 


8303 Moltkian 


6 plumbea 


leaden 


7 Ajar 


Ajar 


8 trapezia 


3801 trapeziform 


9 semiorbicu- 


3301 brown 


lata 




10 calyculata 


8301 variegated 



11 cordata 

12 satiata 

13 rugosa 

14 oblonga 



8301 heart-shaped 

3301 obsolete 
3305 rugged 

3302 oblong 



Synonffms. HabikU* 

£.1.851,/. 189. 6.1.92, 
/.B.F. C. 11, 1. 204, 
/.1 997-8. E.M.U235, 
/.2-4. & 1.286^.1. Amboyna. 

Z.^ 850/. 188. 6.^93, 
/.A. C.7,l.50,/.498-9. 
E.M.t.23e^.St. 

G.t. 71 J.hL. C.7,1.48, 
/.488-91. £.Ar.^283» 
/.2. Mediterranean. 

C.7,<.48/.484-7. E.M. 
t.233j.l. China. 

C.ll,^203/.1991-2. S. Sea. 

C.7,t.48/.490.1. E.M. 
t.%33j.3. Mouth of the Niger. 

L.r. 844,/. 181. C.ll, 
<.204j:2005-6. E.M. 
<.234,/.7. Norway. 

C.7,<.50,/.502.3. E.M. 
t.ft33j'.4. Arabia. 

£.^ 847/. 184. G.t.W>. 

f.¥. C.7,/.50/.500-l. 

&ll,t.204/. 1999,2000. 

E.M.t.233J.e. Indian Seas. 
L.S.N.p.ll3S. u. 

L.S.N.p.U3S, V. 

L.M.p.5^6. V. 

C. 11, t. 203, f. 1993-4. 
E,MU.23^J.2. Guinea. 



C H A M A. 



43 



JUbki^ namet. Gm. EngL names, 

15 concamerata 8804 chambered 

16 Pectunculus pectuncle 

17 coralliopbaga 3305 coral-rock 

18 LasBTUs Lazarus 



Synonyms. 



Halntai. 



19 gryphoides 3802 gryphus 



20 comuta 


3003 homed 




\hicomis.'\ 


21 sessilis 


scaly 


22 foliacea 


3304 leafy 


23 punctata 


dotted 


24 sinistrorsa 


reversed 


25 Arcinella 


3303 hedge-hog 



C. 7, t. 50,/. 506. E.M. 
/.234 J.6. West Indies. 

Z.^347^.185. u. 

C. 1 0,«. 1 72^. 1 673-4. E. Indies. 

C.7,f.51,/.507.9. E.M. 

t.l97jA. : — 

Z./. 21 2,/ 47. G.t. lOl, 
/.D.E. C.7,^51/.510. 
513. -E.ilf.M96,/.4,5. Africa. 

Z.<.214/.49. G.MOl, 
/.G. C.7,<.52^.16-20. 
E.M.tA96j.e. 

Mediterranean. 

Z.t.213,/.48. C.11,^203, 
/.1995-6. E.M.t.l9e, 
/.2. West Indies. 

L. <.216,/.52 & 217,/.53. 
G.tAOlJ.C. C.7,^52, 
/.521. E.M.t.i97J.2. v. 

E.M.t. 1 97/.3. Guadaloupe. 

C.9,M16,/.992-3. E.M. 
M96,/,3. West Indies. 

L.t.355J.l92. C.7,t.t2, 
f. 522-3. E.M.t. 197, 
/.4. East Indies. 



44 



A RCA. 



Linn, luimes. Gm, Engl, names. 



Sffnanynu, 



HabUai. 



XIII. ARCA. 



ARK. 



1 tortuosa 



3305 twisted 



2 Noffi 



3306 Noah's 



3 barbata 


3306 bearded 


4 inibricata 




imbricated 


5 navicularis 




boat 


6 plicata 




plaited 


7 Candida 


3311 


white 



8 complanata compressed 

9 Magellanica 3311 Magellanic 
10 lacerata hairy 



11 bicolorata 

12 ovata 



2-coloured 



3307 oval 



13 cancellala 3308 channelled 



G. t. 95,/. B. C. 7, t. 53, 
/. 424-5. E. M. t. 305, 
/.I. Amboyna. 

L. t. 368,/. 208. G. U 87, 
/.H. C.7,e. 53^.529- 
531. E.M.t.305J.ft. 

Red Sea. Britain ? 

/^.^ 231,/. 65. G.t. 91, 
/. F. C. 7, t. 54tJ.585. 
E.M.USOdJ'. 1 . Mediterranean. 

L. t. 367,/. 207. G. t. 87, 
/.F.G. C.7,<.54,/.532. 
E.M.t.305^.S.h. Africa. 

C.7,<.54,/.533. St. Domingo. 

C.ll,^204/.2008. Red Sea. 

Z.^229,/.64. C.7,t.55, 
f.542. West Indies. 

C.7tt.55tf.5a''5. Guinea. 

C.7,t.5^J.539. Str. of Magellan. 

C.7,t.54j.5Se'7. E.M. 
t.S09j'.2. East Indies. 

C.l l,f. 204^.2007. Red Sea. 

C.7,t,54iJ.5SS. 

^y. -£;m/. 3, /). 294, /. 9, 
/.2. Cura^oa. 



A RCA. 



46 



Ztfin. names, 
14 fiuca 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, 



Habitat. 



brown 



15 Modiolus 3307 muscle 



16 CucuDus 3311 chambered 



17 antiquata 3409 antiquated 



18 granosa 3210 grained 



19 rbomboidca 3314 rhomboid 



20 senilis 



3309 rugose 



21 Indica 



3312 Indian 



22 Corbicula 3310 basket 



23 Senegalensis 3312 Senegal 



24 lactea 



3309 milky 



D. 5, /. 158, /. 3, 4. 
M, SuppLp. 5 1 . Britain. 

L.t.SG5,f.205, C.8,/.84, 
/.754. Mediterranean. 

C.7,/.53^.526-8. E.M. 
/.304. Nicobar Islands. 

Z./. 230,/. 64. G.t.S7, 
f.B.C.C.7,t.55j.548'9. 

West Indies, &c. 

L. /.241,/.78. G. t.S7, 
/.E. C.7,t.56j.557. 
E.M.t. 307,/ 1 . Tranquebar. 

Zr./.244,/.75. G,t.S7, 
/.A. C.7,t.5e,f.553. 
E.M.t.307j.S. East Indies. 

L. t. 238,/ 72. G.t.S7y 
/D. C.7,/.56j:554-6. 
E.M.LSOSjfA. Jamaica. 

Z.<.232,/66. C.7,f.55, 
/ 543. E. M. t. 305, 
/3.b. Coromandel. 

Z./.234,/68. C.7,*.56, 
/558. E.M.t.SOdJ.S. 

Cape of Good Hope. 

/^.;j.248,M8,/6. 

Mouths of the Niger. 

Zr. /. 235,/69. C.7,/.55, 
/.547. P.^.Z.4,/.61, 
/2. Z).M35. M.p.l3S. 

Britain, 8cc, 



46 



A RCA. 



Limn, names. Gm. 

25 reticnlaU .SSM 

26 pellucida 3308 



27 Pella 



3307 brittle 



28 Campechen- 3212 

sis 

29 Pectuncnlus 3313 pectuncle 



30 pecdnata 3313 comb-like 



31 decussata 3310 

32 sequilatera 3311 

33 pallcDs 3311 

34 angulosa 3315 



35 iindata 



36 Glycyineris 



37 pilosa 



Engl, names. Synompns. HabUaL 

reticulated L. t. 233^.67. C.7, t. 54, 

/.540. West Indies. 

transparent C. 7, U h^^f* 541 . E. M. 

t.309,f.S. Nicobar Islands. 

C. 7, t. 55^ f. 546. E. M. 
t,309if.9. Mediterranean. 

Campeachy L. t. 237, f. 71. E. M. 

t,3l0ff. 1 . Bay of Campeachy. 

Z.<.239,/.73. G.t.72j.H. 
C. 7, t. 58, /. 568-9. 
E.M.t.31 1 ,/.5. South America. 

Z:./.243/.74. C.7,/.58, 
/. 571-2. E.M.t. 3lh 
/.6, West Indies. 

decussated C. 7, t. 57, f. 561 . E. M. 

t.SUJ.l. E.& W.Indies. 

equilateral C.7,l.57,/.562. West Indies. 

S. EinL3,p.270,t.9J'.l. 

Z.<. 245^.76. C.7,/.57, 
f.567* Jamaica. 

(j.i.72,/.G. C.7,<.57, 
/.560. 

L. t. 247,/. 82. G. U 82, 
/.CD. E.M.t.3lO,f.3. 
C.7, l.57,/.564. L. T. 
8,<.3,/.3. Britain, 8rc. 

L. t. 240,/. 77. G. t. 77, 

/.A. C.7,t.57j.565'e. 

E.M.t.3lOjf.2. P.B.Z. 

4,<.61,/.l. ilf.p.l36. 

Z.7'.8,^.%/.4. 



pale 

^iHgiilur 



3312 waved 



orbicular 



3314 downy 



O S T R E A. 



47 



Linn, names. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. 

38 stellata 3289 starred A.p.25Stf.lBj.lO, 



HaUtat. 
Africa. 



[V. iUUata.'] 



39 Bcripta 



lettered 



40 nunmiaria 3314 coin 



41 striata 


3308 thickly 




striated 


42 Nucleus 


3314 silvery 


43 rostrata 


3308 beaked 


44 minuta 


3309 minute 


45 tenuis 


thin 


XIV. OSTREA. OYSTER. 


1 maxima 


3315 greatest 



X./.246j:80. 5./.G,/.l. 

E.M.US\\^.%. St. Domingo. 

/..I.239,/.81. C.7,1.58, 
/.572. E.M.t.^\\J.^. 

Mediterranean. 

C.7,/.58^.573. Red Sea. 

G. t. 88,/. R. C. 7, U 58, 
/.574. E.M.USUJ'.S. 
D.tes. M.p.Ul. Britain, &:c. 

C.7,t.55j.550A. E.M. 
t. SOdJ. 7. M. SuppL 
p.55,t.27,/.7. Scotland, &c. 

D.t.7S. M.p.UO. Britain, &c. 

M.Suppl.p.5G,t.29,f.l. Scotland. 



2 Jacobsea 3316 lesser 



Z.M61/.1. G.t.9Sj.A.B. 
C.7,<.60,/.585. E.M. 
<.209,/.l. P.B.Z.4, 
1.62. DJAd. M.p.U3. 

Britain, &c. 

Z.M65,/.2. G.t.99,f. B. 
C. 6, t. 60, /. 588-9. 
E.M.t.209,f.2. P.B.Z. 
4,^63,/. 1. D.t. 137. 
M.p.l^i. 

Mediterranean. Britain ? 



48 



O S T R E A. 



Linn, names. 
3 Zic-zac 



4 striatula 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HahiUU. 

3316 zig-zag Z. 1.168,/. 5. C.7,<.61, 

/. 590-2. E.M.t. 207, 

/•I. West Indies. 

3316 16-rayed M.L.U.p.5Z4, No.101. 

Indian Ocean. 



5 minuta 3317 minute M.Z.{/.2>.524, No. 102. 



G Pleuronectes 3317 sole 



7 Japonica 3317 Japan 



G.t.73j.B. C.7,r. 61, 
/. 595. E. M. t. 208, 
/•3. Amboyna. 

C. 7, t. 62,/. 596. E.M. 
t.ZOSff.^. Japan. 



8 Laurentii 3317 Lorenzo's C.7,t.61,/593. S. America. 

9 Magcllanica 3317 Magellanic C. 7, f. 62,/. 597. E.M. 

t.ZOSj.5. Str. of Magellan. 



10 hybrida 3318 hybrid 



11 Radula 



3318 rasp 



Z.<.173,/10. C.7,<.63, 
/.601-2. Norway. 

Z.M 75,/ 12. (r./.74,/.L. 
C. 7, t. 63, f. 599, 600. 
E.M.t.20S,f.Z. Amboyna. 



12 irabricata 

13 PUca 

14 Pcs-lutra 

15 Pallium 



3318 imbricated C.7, /.69,/.G. 



Red Sea. 



3318 folded 



C.7,<.62,/.598.&ll,f.57, 



/.2041. 



Amboyna. 



3339 Otter's-foot L. t. 171, f. 8. G. t. 74, 

/.C.C. u. 

Ducal mantle L. t. 1 87, /. 25. G. t. 74, 

/F. C. 7,/. 64,/. 607. 
i5;.ilf.<.210,/l. India. 



»iitf*,-£. 



7V.A/ 




/sr J/^^UIP^^ 



O S T R E A, 



49 



Lmn. names. Chn. Engl, names. Synonyms. HabUat, 

16 sanguinolenta 3322 red-spotted C.7,<.64,/.608. Red Sea. 

17 palliata 8831 variegated K.l,t.l9,f.2. Mediterranean. 



18 nodosa 



3S22 knobbed 



Z./. 186,/. 24. G.t. 99, 
/.CD. C.7,^64,/609- 
611. E.M.t.noJ.2. 

Africa & America. 



19 Pes-felis 8328 catVfoot C.7,f.64,/.61 2 & (.65,613. 



Africa. 



20 histrionica 



8226 Harlequin C. 7, <.65,/.614. E.M. 

f.210,/4. u. 



21 Islandica 3326 Iceland 



22 senatoria 

23 citrina 

24 pellucens 



3327 senator 
3327 citron 
8323 pellucid 



Z.<.1057,/.4. G.t.73j.R. 
C. 7,«.65,/ 615, 616, 
E.M.t.2l2,f.l. North Seas. 

C.7,«.65,/617. Moluccas. 



C.7,e.65,/.618. 



India. 



25 obliterata 3823 worn 

26 tigerina 3327 tiger 



27 Fuci 

28 exotica 



3327 Fucus 



exotic 



Z.M84,/.21. C.7,<.66, 
/ 625-7. E.M.t.Z\3, 
/.6. West Indies. 

C.7, t.66,/.622-4. Moluccas. 

C.ll,t.207,/.2031.6. N.Ocean. 



C.ll,<.207,/.2039. 



29 sanguinea 8328 scarlet 



C.l l,/.207,/.2037-8. Red Sea. 

Z.M85,/.22. C.7,^66, 
/.628. West Indies. 



80 porphyrea 8328 porphyry C.7,/.66j:632. 

E 



Red Sea. 



50 



O ST RE A. 



Li$m. names. 
31 varia 



32 sauciata 

33 Pusio 

34 sinuosa 



S5 miniata 

36 vitrea 

37 obsoleta 

38 Iffiyis 



39 triradiata 

40 Solaris 

41 glabra 



42 Proteus 

43 opercularis 



Gm* Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

various L. t. ISO, 181, & 189. 

(j. t. 73,/. C. I. N. C.7, 
/. 66, /. 633-4. E.M. 
1.213,/. 4. P.B.Z.^, 
/.64,/.l. Z).1,<.1,/.1. 
3f.p.l46. Britain, &c. 

3328 uneq.-rayed C.7,r.69,/H. Red Sea. 

3324 wrinkled G.U^J.A.H. C.7, 1.67, 

/.635-6. Nicobar Islands. 

L.t.l72j.9. P.B.Z.^, 
^64,/.2. Z).<.34. ilf. 
p. 148. 

^.p.l04,<.7,/l. 

C.7,t.67,f.eS7. a. 



3319 distorted 



3321 vermilion 
3328 glassy 
3328 obsolete 



Britain, 
u. 
N. Ocean. 



P.B.Z.4,t.e^,f.S. D.t.l, 



Britain. 



smooth 



/.2. M,p.l49. 

E.M.L2Uj.e. M.p.150, 
t. 4ifj. 4. L. T. 8, t. 3, 
f.5. 

3326 three-rayed C.ll,t.207,/.2043. E.M. 

t.212,/.6. Denmark. 

C.7, <.67,/.638. Adriatic. 

G.t.73,f.H. C. 7,1.67, 
f.64t\'5. E.M.t.2lS, 
f.2. Mediterranean. 

C. 1 1 , f .207,/.2042. 



solar 
3324 glabrous 



variable 
3325 painted 



Z./. 182,/. 19. C.7,t.67, 
f. 646. E. M. t. 213, 
/.3. P.B.Z.4f,t.63,f.2. 
D.t.l2. M.p.US. 

Britain, 8cc. 



O S T R E A. 



51 



u names, Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HahiUU. 

44 lineata 3319 lineated L.t. 170,/. 7. D. 1. 116. 



[crenoto.] 



M.|i.l47. 



Britain, &c. 



45 Tranqueba- 3328 Tranquebar Z.M79,/. 16. G.t.73, 
rica /•L.M. E.M.t.2l2,f.4. 

East Indies. 



46 gibba 



48 sulcata 

49 flayicans 

50 fasciata 



51 inflata 



52 fragilis 

58 loans 
54 Lima 



55 scabra 



3325 gibbous 



47 turgida 3327 turgid 



3325 sulcated 
3331 yellowish 
3331 banded 



3321 inflated 



3332 brittle 

3332 gaping 
3332 file 



3332 rough 
[glacialis.^ 



G.US,f.D.¥. C.7,t.65, 
/.6 1 9-20. E.M.t.2l2, 
/.3. South America. 

A.<.16:),/6. C.7,f.65, 
/.621. a. b. East Indies. 

C.7, /.63,/.603-4. Malabar. 

L.S.N.p.WA:!. Southern Ocean. 

L.t.m,f.\4. G.t. SS, 
/.F.F. C.7,^68,/.649.a. 
E.M.t.20Gj.5. W. Indies- 

C. 7, t. 68, /. 649. b. 
M.Supplp.e3tt.2d,f.2. 

Mediterranean. 

C7,/.68,/.650. Nicobar Islands. 

S.EinLp.332,t.9,f.^. Norway. 

G.t.SS.f.F. C.7,<. 68, 
/.651. E.M.t.206J.4i. 

Mediterranean. 

Z.f.l 76,/. 13. C.7,/.68, 
/.052. E.M.t.206,f.2. 

West Indies. 



56 glacialis 3332 /3 glacial 



C. 7, t. 68,/. 653. E.M. 

t.20G./.3. . 

57 excavata 3332 excavated C.7,<.68,/654'. Norway. 

E 2 



52 



O S T R £ A. 



Ztfm. names, 
58 Malleus 



59 anadna 



61 orientalis 



64 Sinensis 



65 cristata 



67 rostrata 



Chn. BngL namei. Synonyms. Habitat, 

hammer L. t. 21 9,/. 54. G. t. 96, 

/.D.E. C.8,^70j:655- 
666. E.M.t.l77,f.i2, 
IS. Amboyna. 

3333 duck C. 8, t. 70, /. 658 & 71, 

/.659. E.M.t.l77J.U. 

Nicobar Islands. 



60 fornicata 3335 vaulted 



eastern 



62 Folium 3334 corrugated 



63 plicatula 3336 plaited 



3335 China 



3337 crested 



66 Forskalii 3336 ForskaeFs 



3336 beaked 



68 Virginica 3336 Virginian 



69 Comucopice 3336 cornucopia 



70 orbicularis 3334 orbicular 



C. 8, f. 71,/. 667. E.M. 
M78,/.6,7. Red Sea. 

C.8,<.71,/.660. E.M. 
L 184^.4. E;ast Indies. 

C.8,/.71,/. 662-6. EM. 
<.184,/.10-14. Amboyna. 

tr.t.l04,/.A. C.8,f.73, 
/.674. West Indies. 

C.S,t.72,f.ees. E.M. 

«.184,/.l. China. 

B.p.ll2,t.7,f.3. u. 

C.8,t. 72,/. 671. E.M. 
t.l81,/.5. Egypt. 

C?.t.l02,/.D. C.8,t.73, 
/.676. Mediterranean. 

L. t. 200/.34. C. 8, t. 73, 
/ 677. E. M. t. 180, 
/1-S. Virginia. 

C. 8, 1 74,/. 679. E. M. 
1 182,/. 1,2. Africa. 

G.t.l04j.G. C.8,f.74, 
/.680. East Indies. 



O S T R E A. 



53 



names, Gm, Engl, names, 

71 arborea 3836 tree 

[jMiroMffca.] 

72 Senegalensis 3337 Senegal 

73 denticulata toothed 



Synonyms, 



HabitaL 



C.8,^74,/. 681. E.M. 

<. 185,/. 1-3. East Indies. 

A,p,202,t.l4tJ'.5, Senegal. 

C.8,/.73,/.672-3, E.M. 
1. 1 83,/. 1 -4. C. of Good Hope. 

L. t, 193-4 & 202-3. 
(/. /. 202,/. A.B. C. 8, 
t.74,/.682. P.B.Z.4, 
t.65. Ocean. 

75 spondyloidea 3335 spondyloid C.8,<. 72,/. 669-70. E.M. 

1. 1 78,/. 1 . Indian Seas. 



74 edulis 



3334 eatable 



76 ovalis 3337 oval 

77 semiaurita 3335 half-eared 

78 Pema 3338 oblong 



S.Einl.$,p.S7S,t.9J.S. v. 

S.Einl.S,p.3G5,t.9,f.6. Mediter. 

L. t. 199, /. 33 & t. 228, 
/.63. C.7,/.59,/.597- 
580. E.M.t.l75,f.l. 

West Indies. 

79 Isognomon 3338 long-hinged C. 7, t. 59,/. 584. E. M. 

M 7 6,/. 1 . Amboyna. 

80 Ephippium 3338 saddle L.t.227,f.62. C.7,t.58, 

/.576. E.M.t.l7ej.Z. 

Tranquebar. 

3339 winged C.7,t.59,/.581. West Indies. 

3339 muscle-shap. C.7,t.58,/.575. Red Sea. 

3339 pod-shaped C. 7, f. 59,/. 578. E.M. 

M75,/.2,3. Nicobar Islands. 

3219 tongue-shapedZ. 1. 1055,/. 10. G. t. 90, 



81 alata 

82 picta 

83 Legumen 



84 Vulsella 



IMya Vulsella.'] 



/.H. E.M.t.\7%J.^,5. 
C.6, t.2,f, S'l 1 . Amboyna* 



64 



A N O M I A. 



Lmn, nmmes. Om^ Engl, names. 



Synonyms. 



HabiUU. 



XV. ANOMIA. 



ANOMIA. 



1 craniolaris 3340 cranium C.3,l.76,/.687. a-f. E.M. 

t.l7lJ.\-7. Philippine U. 

ft turbinata 3721 top-shaped M.Z.D.l,p.l^,t.5. Norway. 

[^Patella ammala,^ 

3 Ephippium 3340 orbicular L. t. 204, f. 38. G. t. 97, 

/.B. E.M.tiedj.ej. 

C. 8, t. 76, /. 692-3. 
P.B.Z.4^.e5. D.t.26. 
M.p.l55. Britain, &c. 

3341 onion C.8, t. 76,/.694-5. E.M. 

/.171,/.1,2. 

3341 small amber L.t.205,f.39. C.B,t.76, 

/. 691. E.M. t. 171, 
y.3,4. Mediterranean. 



4 Cepa 



5 electrica 



7 aculeata 



6 punctata 3346 dotted 



3346 prickly- 
valved. 



C. 8, /. 77,/ 698. E.M. 
t.l71,/.8,9. Ferroe Island. 

C. 8, f. 77,/. 702. E.M. 
t.Uhf.lO. M.p.l57, 
t.4i,f.5. Britain, &'c. 

C.8,p.65,/.A.D. E.M. 
<.171,/12-15. Guinea. 

1.1.202^.36. C.S,t.77, 
/.699. E.M.t.l7lJ.ie, 
17. D.t.45. M.p.153 
&157,t.4,/.6. 

Britain, &c. 

10 patelliformis 3342 limpet^hapedC. 8,t. 77,/ 700. E. M. 

M 71, /.1 8, 19. Norway. 



8 muricata 3346 muricated 



9 undulata 3346 striated 






^^^W-M 






A N O M I A. 



55 



Linn, names. 

11 Squama 

12 pectinata 



13 cylindrica 3349 cylindric 



14 scobinata 3342 rough 



15 aurita 

16 retusa 

17 truncata 

18 Capensis 



Chn, Engl, names. Synonyms. HabUat. 

3346 scaly C. 8, t. 77,/. 697. E. M. 

t.l71,/.22-3. Norway. 

3340 comb-like C.8,t.76,/.689-90. E.M. 

M 7 1 ,/. 20, 2 1 . Mediterranean. 

M.SuppLp.64. L.T.S.t.S, 
f,6. Britain, &c. 

C. 8, t 78,/. 704, E.M. 
t.243,/.9. Mediterranean. 

G.t.9G,f.B. V. 

L.S.N.p.ll5l. Norway. 

C. S,t. 77, f. 70 1 . Mediterranean. 

C.8,<.77,/.703. C. of Good Hope. 



3342 eared 

3342 blunt 

3343 truncated 
3347 Cape 



19 detruncata 3347 semicircular C. 8, f. 78,/ 705. E.M. 

t.%4iSj'. 1 0. Mediterranean. 

20 pubescens 3344 downy G.t.96yf. C. E.M.t.24G, 

/8. Norway Seas. 

21 sanguinolenta3347 scarlet-rayed C.8,^78,/.706. East Indies. 

22 Caput-ser- 3344 snake's-head C. 8, /. 78, /. 712 & 11, 

pentis f.203,/.2013-4. E.M. 

^.241, /.2. Norway Seas. 

23 Terebratula 3344 Terebratula i^/.o*f.Ml,/.74. E.M. 

L2S9,f. I . Mediterranean. 



24 vitrea 

25 cruenta 

26 dorsata 



3347 brittle C.8,^78,/.707-9. Norway, 

blood-red Z.Z.ilf.l,p.76,^33.SouthemSeas. 
C.8,/.78,/.710.11. E.M. 



3348 keeled 



^242,/.l . Str. of Magellan. 



27 psittacea 3348 parrot-beaked Z.^211,/.46. C. 8,^78, 

/.713. E.M.t.2U,f.3. 

Northern Seas. 



56 



M Y T I L U S. 



Linn, names. Gm, Engl, names. 

28 tridentata 3348 3-toothed 

29 Placenta 3345 cake 



Synonyms. 



Habitat. 



30 Sella 



3345 saddle 



31 flexuosa 



3349 flexuous 



C.S,t.p.65j'.¥.G. Mediterranean. 

L. /.225,/.60 & 261,/.61. 
C.8,/.79,/.71C. E.M. 
t.l7 3^. 1-3. Tranquebar. 

C7.M04,/B. C.8,/.79, 
/.714. E.M.t.l74,f.l. 

Amboyna. 

^.£in/.S,;>.418,/.9,/.Il. 

Norway Seas. 



32 apondylodes 3348 spondylus Z.r.2Il,/.45. 



u. 



XVI. MYTILUS. MUSCLE. 



1 Criata-galli 3350 cock's-comb G. t. 204,/.E.^ C. 8, t. 75, 

/•68S.4. Red Sea. 



2 Hyotis 3350 horned 



3 From 



3350 leaf 



4 margaritife- 3351 pearly 
nis 



5 radiatus 



rayed 



C7.M03,/.A. C.8,/.75, 
/. 685. E. M. t. 186, 
J' ^ »2« Amboyna. 

/;.M97,/.32& 198,32. a. 
G.t.l04J.C. C.8,/.75, 
/ 686. E. M. t. 186, 
/.4^6. West Indies. 

Z./. 221,/. 56. G.t. S4, 
f. E. F. G. C. 8, /. 80, 
/.717. E.M.t.l77J.l, 
^&^' Amboyna. 

L.Z.M.l,p.98MS. E.M. 

'•17 7yf. 3. Tranquebar* 



M Y T I L U S. 



57 



Lhm. names, 

6 Unguis J 

7 lithophagus 



8 aristatus 

9 rugosus 



10 coralliopha- 

gus 

11 praecisus 

12 fusciu 

13 arborescens 

14 plicatus 

15 vulgaris 

16 niveus 

17 bilocularis 

18 exustus 



19 striatulus 8858 striated 



20 niger 

21 edulis 



22 pellucidus 



28 ungulatus 8854 ox-hoof 



Gnu Engl, names. Synonyms, Jfabitat, 

8351 nail Ar.Z.(^.589. No. 181. Mediter. 

8851 burrowing Z. /. 427,/. 268. G.t,90, 

/. D. C. 8, t, 82,/.729- 
780. J?.Ar./.221,/.6,7. 

East and West Indies, 
cross-beaked -<^.|j.267,<.19,/.2. Senegal. 

3852 rugged C. 8,«. 82,/. 785. P.B,Z. 

«.66,/l. D,t,Ul, M, 
p. 164. Britain, &c. 

8859 coral-boring C, 8, t, 84,/. 752. E. M. 

t.2l9j.4, E.& W.Indies. 

M,p,l65yt,4,f,2, Britain. 

L.t.359J.l97. East Indies. 

C. 11, t, 198,/. 2016-17. 

E,M,t,Zi\,f,2, West Indies. 
C.8, t,82,f. 733. Nicobar Islands. 

C, 8, t, 82,/ 782. E. M. 

2lS,f,4. West Indies. 

8858 snow-white C.8,^82,/.784. Nicobar Islands. 

C.8,^82,/.786-7. Indian Ocean. 

rose-coloured£.^866,/206. C.8,^88, 

fJ4i4f. Tranquebar. 

S. J?m/.8,p.449,f.9,/16. 

Northern Ocean. 

A.p.2U,t.l5J,3. Africa. 

Z.<.862,/.200. C.8,«.84, 
f.750'l.P.B.Z,t,eej.2. 
D.t.l2S. M.p.\59, Britain, &c. 

P.B.Z.t.66,f.3. D.t.SU 

M.p.ieo. Britain. 

C.8,^85,/756. West Indies. 



truncated 
8859 brown 

dendridcal 

8858 plaited 
8858 small 



8852 two-celled 



8862 black 
3353 eatable 



pellucid 



58 



M Y T I L U S. 



Linn* names. Gm. EngL names* Synonyms, HdbiUU. 

24 latUB broad C. 8, U 84, /. 747. E. M. 

<.218,/.2. New Holland. 

25 elongatus 8361 lengthened C.8,^8d^.7d8. Str. of Magellan. 

\testaceus.'\ 

26 smaragdinus 3359 green-coated C.8,^83^.745. Tranquebar. 

27 lineatus 3859 wedge-shaped C.8,f.84,/.753. u. 

3354 double- Z.r.356,/.193. jr.4,/.30, 



28 bidens 



29 puniceui 

30 demissua 

31 Modiolus 



34 Avonensis 

35 fluviatilis 

36 dubius 

37 ruber 



toothed 

3362 Tentricose 

silvery 
3354 great 



32 Cygneus 3355 swan 



S^ Anatinus 3355 duck 



Avon 

3359 river 
3363 doubtful 
3356 red 



/. 3. C. 8, U 83,/. 742. 
E.M.t.2l7,f.2. West Indies. 

J.p.2l 0,(. 1 5yf.2. Goree. 

£.^358,/. 196. America. 

L. t. 359,/. 198 & 1057, 

/5. 6r.<.91,/.H. C.8, 

«. 85,/ 557-9. E.M. 

r.219,/.l. P.B.Z.4, 

t.ed. Z).f.23. Ar.p.l63. 

Britain, &c. 

Z.M56,/.ll. G.t.7J.¥. 
C.8,/.85,/762. E.M. 
<.201,/.l. P.B.Z.4, 
t.70. D.t.55. M.p.170. 
Dr.U 1 2,/ 1 . Britain, &c. Fr.w. 

L.t.l53,f.S. G.UJ.E. 
C. 8, t. 86,/.763. EM. 
r.202,/.l. P.B.Z.4, 
t.7l. D.t.llS. M.p.l7l. 
Z)r.Ul,/6&U2,/.2. 

M.p. 172. L.T.B,t.3. 

A.f.if. Britain, Fr.w. 

Z./.157,/.12. N. America. 

A.p.234,t. 1 7,/21 . Senegal. 

L,S.N.p,\l5S. Southern Ocean, 



PINNA. 



59 



Lnm* names. 
88 discrepans 



39 discon 

40 impactus 

41 Faba 

42 Hirundo 



48 Morio 

44 Ala-corvi 

45 Lingua 

46 CameUii 

47 Canaliculus 

48 incurvatus 

49 umbilicatus 



8359 bean 
8857 swallow 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, HabUai. 

compartment C.8, t. 86,/.766-7. E.M. 

/.204,/.4. M,pA69.8e 
Suppl.p.65,t.2e,f.4. Britain. 

discordant C.8,^86,/.764-5. D.t.ftS. 

M.p. 167. Britain, &c. 

wool-coated C. 8, /. 86,/. 768. E.M. 

/.204,/.5. New Zealand. 

C.8,/.85,/.761. Greenland. 

L. t. 220,/. 55. G. t. 94, 
/.B. C.8,<.81,/.722. 
E.M.t.l79J.9. W. Indies. 

C.ll,/.205,/.2018-9. Red Sea. 

3857 crow's-wing C. 8, <.81,/.727. E.M. 

1. 1 77,/.6. S. Sea Islands. 

C. 10, t. 172, /. 1675-6. 
E.M.t.ft50,f.l. Amboyna. 

S.N.M.9,t.$l5. Japan. 

M. U. C.2,^78. New Zealand. 

P.B.Z.t.e7,f.l. M.p.l60. 

Z.T.8,/.8/.7. Britain. 

umbilicated P.B.Z.4,t.68. Z).2,/.40. 

M,p.ie4.&Suppl.p.7l. 



mulberry 



tongue 

Camelli's 
3363 cbannelled 
incurved 



XVII. PINNA. 



WING.SHELL. 



1 Tudis 



S36S rough 



Z./. 373,/. 214. 6r./.79, 
/.C. C. 8, «. 88^. 778. 
E.M.t.l99,/.S. W. Indies. 



60 



PINNA. 



Linn, names. 

2 nigra 



S ingens 
4 pectinata 



5 inflata 

6 carnea 

7 rigida 

8 nobilis 



10 exusta 

11 VexiUum 

12 squamosa 



14 bicolor 

15 incurva 

16 vitrea 



Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. ^^ HabUai. 

black G.t.S\ ,f. A. C. 8, (. 88, 

/.774. E.M.t.l99j.l. 

Red Sea. 



great 
3S6S spiny-ribbed 



inflated 
3865 flesh-colour. 

rigid 
3364 sharp-scaled 



9 muricata 8364 prickly 



3366 pear-shaped 
3366 banner 
3365 scaly 



M.p.l80. Suppl.p.7Z. Scotland. 

G.t.90,f.A. E.M.t. 200, 
f.5. C. 8, /. 87,/. 770. 
P.B.Z.^,t.7Z. D.ht.lO. 
M.p. 178. Britain, &c. 

C.8,(.87/.771. Nicobar Islands. 

C.8,/.92,/.785. M.p.lS3, 
t.Sj'.S. Britain, &c. 

C.8,r.89,/.775. Cura^oa. 

G. t. 78, /. B. C. 8, t. 89, 
f.776'7. Mediterranean. 

Zi.<.370,/.210. (7./. 79, 
/.D. C.8,/.91,/.781. E.Indies. 

C.8, ^.91 j:782. New Zealand. 
C.8,^91,/.783. Indian Seas. 



13 rotundata 3365 giant 



Z.^ 874,/. 215. G.t.78, 
/.A. C. 8, t. 92,/. 784. 
E.M.t.200^.l. Mediterranean. 

G. t. 80,/. A. C. 8, /. 93, 
/.787. E.M.t.200j.2. 

3366 two-coloured C.8,t.90,/.780. Red Sea. 



3366 incurved 



3366 brittle 



C. 8, r. 90,/. 778. E.M. 
t. 200^,3. Amboyna. 

G.t.7S,f.C. C. 8,r.87, 
/.772. Indian Seas. 



PINNA. 



61 



Linn, namei. Gm. Engl, names. 
17 papyracea 3367 paper 



Synonyms. HaJntat. 

C.S,t.93,f.7S6. Indian Seas. 



18 saccata $S65 satchel- L.t.37l,f.2lZ. 

shaped /.779. 

19 digidformis 3865 finger-shaped Z.iS'JV.p. 11 60. 

20 bullata 3367 studded G.t.79J.C. 

21 lobata 3366 lobed L.S.N.p.USO. 



C.8,e.90, 
Mediterranean. 

Indian Ocean. 

u. 

Indian Ocean. 



62 



ARGONAUT A. 



UNIVALVES. 



Linn, names, Gm. Engl, names. 



Synonfms, HabUat. 



XVIII. ARGONAUTA. PAPER SAILOR. 



1 Argo 

2 tuberculata 

3 hians 

4 Gondola 

5 Haustrum 

6 vitrea 

7 Cymbium 

8 Comu 

9 arctica 



3367 oriental 



3368 arctic 



L,t.556j,7, G.t.UJ.A, 

C,l^t,l7,f.l57, Mediterranean. 

tuberculated G, t, 1 2, /. B. C.l , «. 1 7, 

f,l56, Amboyna. 

6r. M2,/.C. C. 1,«. 17, 
/158.9. China. 

C. 1 ,M 8,/. 1 60. Mozambique. 

Cl,|i.22l^.2. East Indies. 

C. 1 ,t, 1 8,/. 1 63. Amboyna. 

(7.M2,/.D. 

C.10,M37,/.1271-3. 

C. of Good Hope. 

Fab.F. G,p,3SQ. Greenland. 



gaping 

boat 
bucket 
3368 brittle 
3368 minute 
3368 horn 



NAUTILUS. 



63 



Linn, names. Gm. Engl, names, Sywmynu, 



HabitaL 



XIX. NAUTILUS. SAILOR. 



1 PompiliuB dd69 great-cham- L.t.550,f.US. G.t.l7& 

bered 18. C. 1,M8,/. 164& 

19, /. 165-7. E. M. 
tA7lff, 3, Amboyna. 

2 scrobiculatus sunk-spire L,t,55%^f,^, C10,/.ld7, 

/. 1274-5. New Guinea. 



3 lacuRtris 3624 lake 

[H, niiida,'] 

4 Calcar 8370 spur 



i»f.p.l91,<.6,/.3. 



Britain. 



G.t.ldyf. C. C. 1, M9, 
/.168-9. F.T.M.t.U, 
12&18. Adriatic. 



5 rotatus 

6 lamgatulus 

7 depressulus 

8 crispus 



wheel 



C. 1, t, 20,/. 180-1. M. 
p.l89,M5,/.4. Britain, &c. 

smooth M.SuppLp, 75,t, 1 8,/. 7,8. Britain. 

compressed M, Suppl, p, 7 8, M 8,/. 9. ■ 

keel-edged G.M9,/.A.D. C.l,«.20, 

/. 172-4. F,T.M.t.4, 







/.d-f. ilf. p.l87,f.l8, 






/.5. Britain, &c. 


9 Beccarii 


3370 Beccaria's 


C.l.t. 20,/. 175-7. Af. 
p.ise. SuppLpJ4,t.lS, 






10 Balthicus 


3370 Baltic 


S.EinL 1 ,p.20,^ 1 ,/.2. Baltic. 


11 crassulus 


strong 


M.p, 191. Suppl, t, 18, 



/2. Britain. 



64 NAUTILUS. 

Ztfifi. fuimes, Gm, Engl, names. Synon^nu, 

\% umbilicatulus umbilicated M. p. 191. SuppL p. 78, 

M8,/.l. Britain. 

13 lobatulus lobed L.T.S,p.ll7. 



14 rugosus dd71 rugged S.EinlA,p.l2. Southern Ocean. 

15 umbilicatua 8871 oblique- S.EinlA,p.l2. Croatia. 

jointed 

16 Spirula 8871 ram's-hom L.t.550j.Z. G.t.ldJ.E. 

[Spicula.^ C. I, L 20, /. 184-5. 

E.M.tA65J.5. West Indies. 

17 Spengleri 8871 Spengler's F.T.M. 1. 14,/. d-i, 8? 15, 

/ a-h. E. M. t. 470, 

fA, Sands in India. 

18 unguiculatus 8872 nail-shaped 

19 semilituus 8872 half-crozier C. l.t. 20,/. 186-7. AT. 

/1. 196. SuppU.l9,f.l. Britain. 

20 Lituus 8872 crozier Red Sea. 

21 carinatulus keeled M.pA95. L.T.S,pAlS. Britain. 

22 obliquus 8872 obliquely- (7.M9,/.N. M.p.tA4, 

striated fA.jugosus. 



28 Raphani- 8872 12-8triated S.EinlA,pA5. Mediterranean, 
strum 

24 Raphanus 8872 17-8triated G. t. 9,/. L.M. CA,pA, 

/.A.B. 

25 oostatus ribbed M,pA99,tA4f,f.5. SuppL 

p.S3,tA9J'.ft. Britain. 

26 Granum 8872 8-striated S.EinlA,pA6. Mediterranean. 

27 Radicula 8878 bulbous- C.l,;j.l,/,G.g. M.pA97, 

jointed t.Sy/A. & M4,/.6. Britain. 



/v. xjr. 




f^°^ 



-;^' ?/* 



NAUTILUS. 



66 



Linn, names, 
28 spinulosus 

id subarcuatus 

30 bicarinatus 

31 Fascia 

32 insqualis 

33 siphunculus 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat* 

spuiouS'2oint,M,Suppl.p,S6,t, 1 9,/.5. Britain. 

8ub-arcuated M,p,l9S,t,6ff.5. 

two-keeled M.Suppl,p,S6, 

3373 banded G. 1. 19,/. O. C. l,|i. 1. 

/.D.d. 

3373 unequal 



Adriatic. 
Red Sea. 



3373 ringed 



34 Legumen 3373 Pod 



S5 linearis 
36 rectus 

S7 Pompilioides 

38 repandus 

39 asterizans 

40 incrassatus 

41 strigilatus 

42 craticulatus 

43 striato-punc- 

tatus 

44 ambiguus 



linear 



straight 



G.M9,/.R.S. C. 1,^.1, 
/.F.ff.f. SicUy. 

G, M9,/. P. C, hp. 1, 
/. E.e. M,Suppl,p,S2, 
t.l9,f,e. Britain, &c. 

M,Suppl,p.S7,t,30,f,9. Scotland. 

M. p, 197. Suppl. p. 82, 

t,l9jA&7. Britain- 



thick-smooth F. T,M.t.2,f,SL'C» Mediterranean. 

wheel-shaped F, T, M, t, 3,/. a-c. E,M. 

«.466,/.9. 



starred F. T.M. t. 3,/.e-h. E.M. 

/.466,/.10. 

thickened F. T.M,t.4j.&-c. C. of Elba. 

white-rayed F.T,M,t.5yf.C'g. E.M. 

t,4t70,f,S, Adriatic Sea. 

sharp-keeled F,T.M.t. 5 J,h'k, E.M. 

t,470,f,l, Arabian Shore. 

dotted . F.T.M,t.9,f.a'C. 



doubtful F, T,M,t.9j.d'f. 



eo 



NAUTILUS. 



ZifM. names, 

45 macellua 

46 papillosas 

47 planatus 

48 Cassis 

49 Galea 

50 acutauricu- 

laris 

51 Faba 
5t Scapha 

53 Crepidula 

54 Auricula 

55 tuberosus 

56 orbiculus 

57 angulatus 

58 aduncus 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, HoMtai, 

28-ribbed F, T.M.t. 1 0,/.e-k. Mediterranean. 

pimpled F, T.ilf. M4,/.a-c. Adriatic. 

flat F.T,M.t,\6,f,&'i, EM. 

r.4C7,/.l,2. 

lobster's-tail F. T,M, M 7 & 1 8, /. a-c. 

E.M,t.4e7j,S'5. 

Helmet F.r.3/.M8,/.d-f. E,M, 

<.467,/.6. Etruria. 

sharp-eared F,T.M,t,\^,f,g-\. E,M, 

t,467j',7, Mediterranean. 

bean-shaped F,T,M,Ll9yf.&'C, Rimini. 

boat-shaped jF.r.3/.M9,/.d-f. Adriatic. 

Slipper F, T.M.t. 1 9,/.g-i. Etruria. 

ear-shaped /'.7.^f.^20,/.d-f. Mediterranean. 

punctured F,T,M.t.20,f.g'k, Etruria. 

orbicular F.T.M.t.2l. E.M.t.46S, 

/.I. 

angular F.T.M.t.ftZ. E.M.t.4eS, 

f,S, Arabian Gulf. 

crooked F,T,M.t.Z3, E.M.t.4i6B, 

f,%, 



C O N U S. 



67 



Linn, names, Gm, Engl, names. 



Synonyms. 



Hahiua. 



XX. CONUS. 



CONE. 



1 mannoreus 3574 marbled 



Z.^ 787,/. 39. G.t.22, 
/.D. C.2,^62,/.685-6. 
E.M.t.3l7J'.5fi. 

East and West Indies. 



S Nicobaricus 



yellow- throat. C.10,M39,/.1292. E.M. 

t.3lS^.9. East Indies. 

3 arachnoideus 3388 spider's-web C. 2, ^ 61,/. 676. E.M. 

t.31 8,/ 7,8. Tranquebar. 

4 zonatos zoned C. 10, t. 139,/. 1286-8. 

J?.Af.^318,/.4. Asiatic Ocean. 

5 imperialis 3374 imperial Z. f. 766,/. 15. G.t.22, 

/A. C.2,<.62,/.690.2. 
jE.Af.t.319,/.l,2. Amboyna. 

6 fuscatus brownish C2,f.62,/.692-3. J?.Af. 

t.3l9,f.S. New Zealand. 

7 literatus 3375 lettered G. t. 20,/ O. Z. t. 770, 

/.1 7. C. 2, ^ 60,/.668. 
E.M.t.323ff. 1 . Amboyna. 

8 ebumeuB square-spotted G. t. 22,/ F. C. 2, <. 61, 

/.674. jE.il/. <.324, 
/.1,2. East Indies. 

Z.^ 767,/ 17. (7.^21, 
/H. C.2,f.59,/.653.4. 
E.M.t.326,f.7 & 9. 

African Ocean. 

F 2 



9 tessellatus 



mosaic 



68 



C O N U S. 



Ztnit. names. Gm. Engl, names. 
10 generalis 3375 general 



Sjfnonyms. 



Habiiai. 



11 canaliculatus grooyed 

[Malaccanus.'] 



12 radiatus 



13 Virgo 



33S6 radiated 



3376 Virgin 



14 niveus 


3392 white 


15 Capitaneus 


8376 Captain 


16 Chemnitzii 


Chemnitz's 


17 mustelinus 


weasel 



18 Hysna 



Hyena 



19 Miles 



3377 Soldier 



20 Tribunus 3377 Tribune 

21 spurius 3396 spurious 



L.t.7S6,f.35. G.t.20, 
f.G. C.2,i.58,/.645- 
652. E.M.t.325,f.U6. 

Amboyna* 



E.M.t.325,f.9. 



Ceylon. 



C. 2, t. 53, f. 584 & 587. 
E.M.t327j.3. West Indies. 

Z. ^754,/.2&758,/. 3. 
G.^20,/.B. C.2,f.53, 
/. 585-6. E.M.t. 326, 
f.5. Africa. 

B.p.l50,t.7,f.9. V. 

L.t.7S,f.27. G.t.22j.M. 
C. 2, t. 59, /. 660-2. 
E.M.L327,f.l,2. Amboyna. 

C. 1 1 ,M 82 J. 1 764-5. Ceylon. 

C. 10, t. 138, /. 1280. 
E.M.t.327,f.e. Batayia. 

C. 11, t. 181,/. 1750-1. 
E.M.U327J,5 & 7. 

New Zealand. 

L. t. 786,/. 34. G. t. 20, 
/.N. C.2,e.59,/.663-4. 
E.M.t.329,f.7. Amboyna. 

C.2,<.59,/.655. West Indies. 

G.t. 22, f.E. C.2,t.5e, 
f. 626-3. E.M.t.334, 
f.\,2. 



C O N U S. 



69 



Linn, names, 
22 leoninus 



23 characteri- 


character 


8ticu8 


spotted 


24 caerulescens 


blueish 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HahUai. 

8886 Lion L. t. 77% J. 18. G. t. 21, 

/. D. C. 2, t. 55,/. 607. 
E.M.t.SSSj.S. Amboyiuu 

C.11,M 82,/. 1760-1. W.Indies. 



C.11,M82,/.1762.8. 



25 Princeps 3378 Persian robe C.10,M38,/.1276. E.M. 

t.SlSff.^. Asiatic Ocean. 

26 Janus Janus L. t. 782,/. 29. G. t. 25, 

/.T. C.2,<.52,/.581. 
E.M.t.3Se,f.5. 

27 Guinaicus Guinea F.<.16,/.Fl.&F2. E.M. 

<.837,/.4 & 6. Guinea. 

28 fulmineus 3388 lightning C. 2, f. 58,/. 644. E.M. 

<.337,/.». Africa. 



29 Lorenzianus 



30 Amadis 



31 acuminatus 



32 Thomae 



33 Ammiralis 



Lorenzo's 



3388 Amadis 



C. 11, t. 181,/. 1754-5. 
E.M.t.336j. I . East Indies. 

C. 10, t 142, / 1322-3. 
E.M.t.335,f. 1 ,2. Java. 



34 Archithalas- 
sus 



sharp-pointed F.M7/.N1. E.M.t.33e, 

/.3,4. Amboyna. 

3394 St. Thomas's C.10,M43,/.1381. No. 2. 

E.M.t.339yf.3. Asiatic Ocean. 

3378 Admiral L.t.759,fA. G.<.21,/.L. 

C.2,^57,/.634. E.M. 
/.328,/. 1,2, 7, 8&9. 

Amboyna. 

granulated C.2,p.2Gj.l. E.M.t.323, 

/3,4. 



70 



C O N U S. 



Ztfut. names. 
S5 Cedonulli 

36 aurantius 



orange 



37 leucostictos 3d88 marbled 



Crm. Engl, names. Synonyms. 

3S7S CedonuUi C. 2, t. 57 J. 633. E. M. 

f.316,/.l'9. Caraccas. 

L.t.77b,f.n. G.t.20, 
f.L. C.2,<. 61,/.679. 
E.M.t.3l7,f.7. 

Philippine Islands. 

C?.t.21,/.L. C. 2,<. 61, 
/.678. E.M.t.3l7,f.l, 
4 & 9. West Indies. 



38 vitulinus 



spotted 



39 polyzonias 3392 depressed- 
spire 



40 Senator 



41 Catus 



42 nobilis 



3381 Senator 



Cat 



3381 noble 



43 Siamensis 



Siam 



44 genuanuB 3381 butterfly- 
winged 



45 papilionaceus 



Papilio 



F.t.l5j.Ii. E.M.t.3fie, 
f.3. Martinique. 

B.t.7,f.l3. E.M.t. 326, 
/A & 8. Guinea. 

C. 2, t. 59,/. 659. E. M. 
t.326J.6. 



C.2,^55,/.609-10. E.M. 
f.332,/.3,4&7. C. of G.Hope. 

C. 2, t. 62, /. 689 & 10, 
M41,/. 1312. E.M. 
^ 339,/. 7,8. Amboyna. 



F.t.lGJ'.B. 



China. 



Z. f.767,/. 16. G. <.22, 
/.H. C.2,<.56^.624-5. 
E.M.t.329j.5fi. Eastlndies. 

Z. f. 773,/. 19. (7.f.22, 

/. C. C. 2, t. 60,/ 669. 

jB.il/.f.330,/l,2,5&8. 

West Indies. 



C O N U S, 



71 



Linn, names, 

46 Prometheus 

47 taeniatus 



48 Musicus 

49 miliaria 

50 glaucus 

51 Suratensis 



Om, Engl, names. Synonyms. Halniat. 

Prometheus L. t. 771, f. 17. G. t. 22, 

/.B. E.M.t.3Sl,f.5. Java. 

American- L. t. 763,/. 1 2. C. 2, t. 57, 
flag /.6S2&10,M44,m&n. 

E.M.t.Sl9ff.5, Africa. 

Music E.M.t.3Z2,f.^. China. 

millet E.M.t.3\9j.e. 

3382 little blueish C. 10, t. 138, /. 1277-8. 

E.M.t,32dyf,3. Amboyna. 

Surat 



C. 11, t. 181,/. 1752-3. 
E.M.t.329,f.4. East Indies. 

52 Monachus 3387 Monk C. 2,<.55,/.614. E. M. 

[nebulosus.^ ^329,/. 1,2. China. 

53 Ranunculus Ranunculus E.M.t,33l,f.l. American Ocean. 



54 achatinus 



55 Luzonicus 



56 Rusticus 3383 Rustic 



57 Nisus 



58 lividus 



59 Mus 



Agate C.10,M42,/.1317. E.M. 

t.330,f.6 & 9. Batavia. 

spotted-velvet F. 2, p. 678, t. 17, f. C. 

E.M.t.33Syf.e. Philippine Isl. 

L.t.765j.U. C.Z,t5i, 
/ 578 & 11, U 183, 
f. 1776-7. E.M.t.33\, 
f.7. Amboyna. 

C.ll,M83,/.1784-5. Eastlndies. 



brown- 
throated 

livid 
Mouse 



C.2,<.63,/.694-5. E.M. 
t.32\J.5. C. of G.Hope. 

Z.^784,/.31. E,M.t.320, 
f.9, Guadaloupe. 



72 



C O N U S. 



Lmn. names. Chm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Habiiat* 

60 dUtans wide-lined C.10,t. 188,/. 1281. E.M. 

t.SZlJ.ll. South Seas. 

61 Caledonicus Caledonian E.M.t.Sil^.lO. NewCaledonia. 



62 CofTes 


8888 Coffee 


C.2,f. 56,/. 618. E.M. 
^886,/.7. American Seas. 


68 vittatus 


ribbon 


E.M.t.SSS^f.S. Asiatic Ocean. 


64 Classiarius 


Sailor 


G.t.2l,f.C. C.11,M83, 
/1786-7. E.M.i.SSS, 

f7 




/•'• 


65 Mercator 


8888 net-work 


Z.^788,/.41. C.2,<.56, 
/.619-20. E.M.t.SSS, 
/. 7. Cape of Good Hope. 


66 betulinus 


8888 birch-bark 


Z.<. 762,/. 11. G.t.2h 
/B. C.2,<.40,/.665. 



67 figulinus 8884 brown-band. 



68 quercinus 8878 Oak 

[^Cmgulum.^ 

69 lineatos lined 



70 Eques 



71 ermineus 



Chevalier 



ermine 



72 Vexillmn 8897 Banner 



E.M.tSSS J.5&S. Amboyna. 

L. t. 785,/. 32. G. U 20, 
/.E. C. 2,<.59,/.656. 
E.M.t.33fiJ.l,2. Malabar. 

C. 2,^.59,/ 657. E.M. 
t.3$2j.6. C. of G.Hope. 

C.10,M88,/.1285. E.M. 
^326,/.2. Philippine Isl. 

F.fi,p. 606, t. 14,/. Fl. 

E.M.t.3S5j.9. New Zealand. 

C. 2, f. 57,/ 680-1 & 10, 
1. 140,/ 1298. E. M. 
LSSS^.S, East Indies. 

(j.^20,/M.&^21,/.E. 

C.ll,M82,/175S-9. Batavia. 



C O N U S. 



78 



Lhm. names, Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

7S testudiiuuriiui Turtle C. 2, f. 55,/. 605. E.M. 

LS$5,f.(i. West Indies. 

veined F.2,p. 604, 1. 1 4,/. D. 1 & 

2. E.M.t.3S7J.9. 

American Seas. 



74 venulatus 



75 Namocanus 



76 costatus 



Ash-wood E.M.t.3SS,f.5. 



South Sea. 



ribbed 



C.ll,M81,/.l 745-7. 

South Sea & China. 



77 ebrsus S384 Hebrew L. t. 779. G. t. 25, f. T. 

C.2,t.5ej.ei7. E.M. 
t.32l,f.Sfi. East Indies, &c. 

78 Stercnis mus- 3385 black-and- L.t.757,f.9. G.U%5J.O. 

carum white dotted C. 2, t. 64,/. 711-12. 

E.M.t.34ilff.6. Amboyna. 

79 arenatus sandy L. t. 761, f. 10. G. t. 25, 

/. P. C. 2, t. 63, J. 696. 
E.M.t.320,f.3, 6 & 7. 

Batavia. 



80 pulicarius 



81 Zeylanicus 

82 punctatus 

83 cancellatus 

84 varius 



flea-bitten L. t. 774,/. 20. G. t. 21, 

/.G. C.2,^G3,/.698.a. 
J5;.il/.t.320,/.l,2. 

Friendly Islands. 

3389 Ceylon C.10,M42,/.1318. E.M. 

f.320,/.8. Ceylon. 

fawn-colouredC.10,M39,/.1294. E.M. 

t.3l9j'.S. East Indies. 



trellised E.M.t.33S,f.l. 



Owyhee. 



8386 Shagreen C.10,M38,/.1284. E.M. 

<.321,/.3,4. West Indies. 



74 



C O N U S. 



• names. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HMiaL 

B5 Portoricanus granulated E.M.t.SSSff.4. Porto Rico. 

86 Tinianus red, clouded E.M.t.3SS,f.2. IsleofTinian. 

87 coronatus 8389 crowned C.2,^6d,/.708-5. E.M. 

t.322,f.2. 

88 Barbadensis white-banded J&.il/.^822,/.8. 



East Indies. 
Barbadoes. 



89 roseus 



rose-coloured C. 2, t. 63, /. 707. E. M. 



Antilles. 



91 citrinus 

92 sponsalis 

93 Taitensis 



West Indies. 
Cura^oa. 



<.322,/.7. 

90 coccineus 3390 scarlet C. 2, f. 61,/ 680. E.M. 

t.S22j.e. 

3389 citron-colour. C.2,f.61^.681. 

pink-spotted C. 11, t. 182,/. 1766-7. 

E.M.t.S22j.l. South Seas. 

blackish E.M.t.336J.9. Otaheite. 

violet 

94 scabriusculus roughish C.ll,M82,/1768-9. 

Coast of Guinea. 

95 puncturatus groove-puncturedJ&.il/.^322,/9. Botany Bay. 

96 Ceylonensis zig-zag E.M.t. 322,/. 10. Ceylon. 

dwarf C. 11, t. 183,/ 1788-9. 

E.M.t.33l,f.S. C. of Guinea. 



97 pusillus 



98 lamellosus 

99 Rattus 

100 Jamaicensis 

101 Mediterra- 

neus 



plaited-spire E.M.t.322ff.5. 
Rat-skin E.M.t.S3S,f.7. 
three-banded.£.ilf .^.3 35,/.4. 



Ceylon. 
America. 
Jamaica. 



oliye-clouded E.M. t.330j'. 4. Mediterranean. 



1 02 puncdculatus 3382 red-dotted 



G.t.22yf.'So.2. C.2,^55, 
/ 612, b. & 10, t. 140, 
/1305. E.M.t.33\y 
/2. West Indies. 



C O N U S. 



75 



Linn, names. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. 

103 ManritianuB - Mauritian E.M.t.SSOff.9. 



HabUat. 
Africa, 



104 sulcatus 

105 verrucosus 



grooved 
warty 



106 Coluxnba 



107 Madurensis 



rose-dove 



green cross 



E.M.t.32\J.6. West Indies, 

L. t. 756fJ'. S. C 2, t. 55f 
/.612.c.d. E.M.t.SS3, 
fA. Africa. 

F.^,p.572, M8,/.K. 1. 

E.M.i.33^J.3. I. of France. 

F. 2,jp. 6I7,M5,/.E. 1. 
E.M.L333J.3. 

Asiatic Ocean. 



108 Jaspideus 3387 Jasper 



109 Japonicus 

110 Mindanus 

111 fesdvus 

112 Clavus 



113 aureus 

114 affinis 

115 tendineus 



C.2,f. 55,/. 612. E.M. 
^334,/.4. West Indies. 

orange-mottled ^.il/.^330^.3. Japan. 

white-mottledE.ilf.^830^.7.Pliilippine Islands. 

festive C.11,M 82,/. 1770-1. Moluccas. 

3390 yell.-veined Z. «. 744,/ 34. C.2,t.52, 

f. 570 & 10, t. 143, 
/. 1327. E.M.t. 346, 
/.3. East Indies. 

golden E .M.t.346,f.4. China. 

3391 Commandant C. 2, ^ 52,/ 571. E,M. 

^342,/.4,5. East Indies. 



chocolate 



116 australis 



Southern 



Z.^745,/36. C. 10,^.1 43, 
/ 1330. E. M. t. 342, 
/6. Afirica. 

C. 11, t. 183,/ 1774-5. 

New South Wales. 



117 Isvis 



3391 smooth C.2,<.52,/573. 



Africa. 



76 



C O N U S. 



Xtnn. names. 

118 ochroleucus 

119 strigatuit 

120 mitratus 

121 Glans 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HabUat, 

yellowish C. 2, t. 52,/. 573. E. M. 

t.$43ff,6. America. 

E.M.t.3^2jf.l. Indian Seas. 

E.M.t.$^2,f.3. 

C.10,M43,/.13S1. E.M. 
f.S42,/.7&9. 



pale violet 

Mitre 

Acorn 



122 tenellus 



Africa. 

delicate C.ll,M8d,/.l 782-3. Moluccas. 

123 Nussatella 3390 clouded whiteC. 2, f. 51,/. 567. E.M. 

and yellow <.342,/.2 & 8. 

Island of Nussatella. 



124 granulatus 3391 grained 



125 Fusus 3390 Spindle 



126 aurisiacus 3392 Orange 



127 Terebellum 3390 Wimble 



128 Raphanus 

129 Adansoni 

130 Augur 



Radish 
Adanson's 

Augur 



131 Magus 



Magician 



Z.t. 760,/5. C. fi,t.52, . 
/. 574-5. E. M. U 339, 
/.9. South America. 

L.UeSJ.ll.A. C.2,t.52, 
f.576. E.M.t.3^lJ.7. 

West Indies. 

C.2,<.57,/636-7. E.M. 
^339,/.4. Amboyna. 

F.2,jp.662,M7,/. K.2. 
C.2,f.52,/.577. E.M. 
^3S9,/.1,2. Batavia. 

E.M.t.S4\ff. 1 ,2. Asiatic Ocean. 

A.p.95,t.e,f.6. E.M. 

t.S43,f.7. Senegal. 

L.t.755,f.7. C.2,<.58, 
/ 641. E.M. t. 333, 
/.6. Ceylon. 

C.2,f.52,/,579.80. E.M. 

^341,/8. Amboyna. 



C O N U S. 



77 



Linn, names, Gm. EngL names. Synonyms. Hahiiat. 

132 sytriatus 3393 striated L.t.7eo,f.e. G.t.2e,f.D. 

C. 2, t. 64,/. 714-16. 
E.M.l.S4iOff.l'3. Moluccas. 

133 Gubemator Governor E. M. t. 340, /. 4, 5, 6. 

Asiatic Ocean. 

134 Gloria maris Glory of the sea C. 10, t. 143, /. 1324-5. 

E.M.t.347J.7. 

East Indian Ocean. 

135 pyramidalis pyramidal F. 2, p. 645, 1. 18,/. C. 1. 

E.M.t.S4i7,f.5. Torrid zone. 

136 Textile 3373 Gold brocadeZ. t. 788,/. 40. G. t. 25, 

/.A.A. C. 2,i.54,/.598, 
600. E.M.t.S44,f.5. 

£. & W. Indies. 



137 Abbas 

138 Archiepisco- 

pus 

139 Canonicus 

140 Episcopus 



141 Prselatus 



142 pennaceus 



143 rubiginosus 



Abbot C. 10, t. US,f. 1326. b. c. 

E,M. t. S45,f. 3. I. of France. 

Archbishop C. 2, t. 5^,f. 602. E.M. 

^346,/.l & 7. E. Indies. 

Canon E.M.t.S45ff.l. Indian Seas. 

Bishop Z.^790,/.43. C. 2,^.53, 

/. 591. E. M. t. 345, 
/.2&6. 

Prelate F. 2, p. 639, f . 1 8, / B. 7. 

C.2,^54,/601. -E.iJf. 
^345,/.4. 

plumous B. t. 7,/ 14. E.M. t. 344, 

/.4. Amboyna. 

orange-brown F. 2, p. 644, 1. 18,/. C. 4. 

C. 2, f. 54, /. 593-4. 
E.M.t.3U,f.2. 



78 



C O N U S. 



Lmn. names. 
144 Omaria 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

pearl-brown F. 2, p. 652, 1. 18,/. C. 5. 

C.2,t:5^J.59e.E.M. 
t,944,f.S. New Guinea. 



145 Aulicus Sd94 Brunette 



146 elongatus 



lengthened 



147 Spectrum 3395 Spectre 



148 informis 



misshapen 



G, t. 25,y. Z. C. 2, t, 53f 
f. 592. E.M. t. 343,/.3 
& 4. Amboyna. 

CIO, t. 144. A./, i&k. 
E.M.t.337,f.2. Guinea. 

L.L7S3J.30. C.2,<.53, 
/. 582-3. J5:.3f. ^341, 
y*.9. Amboyna. 

F. 2, |). 700, t. 79 upper 
/.N. C. 10,M44,A. 
/.g.h. E.M.t.337j.S. 

New Zealand. 



149 ventricosus 3397 ventricose E.M.t.331if.5. 



Airica. 



150 bullatus 



bubble 



151 Timorensis Timor 

152 nimbosus rainy 

153 rosaceus Aurora 

154 Tulipa 3395 Tuhp 



G.f. 26,/C. C.10,M42, 
/1315-16. E.M.t.339f 
f.6. Moluccas. 

E.M.t.3M,f.3. E. Ind. Ocean. 

E.M.t.34lJ.5. 

C.ll,<.181,/.1756-7. 

X. <. 764,/. 13. G. /.26, 



/.G. C.2,^ 64,/. 718- 
719 & t. 65,/ 720-1. 
E.M.t.322ff.ll. Madagascar. 

155 Geographus 3396 Geographer £. f. 747,/41. G. f. 26, 

/E. C.2,<.64,/717. 
-C.Af.f.322,/12. Amboyna. 



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C Y P R iE A. 



79 



Linn, names. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. 



HabUai. 



XXI. CYPRiEA. COWRY. 



1 Exanthema 3397 spotted 



2 Mappa 3397 Map 



3 Arabica 



Arabic 



4 Histrio 3403 Harlequin 



5 Argus 



3398 Argus 



6 testttdinaria 



7 stercoraria 



8 Aurantium 



9 cameola 



L. t. 697, /. 44 to 699, 

/.46. (x.M6,/.0. C.l, 

t. 28,/.289, <.29,/.298- 

300. E.M.t.34f9&353, 

f.3. American Ocean. 

F. <.29,/. A.3. C. 1,<.25, 
/. 245-6. E.M.t.352^ 
/.4. Amboyna. 

L.t.65S,f.3. (7.M6,/.V. 
C.<.31,/.328.30. E.M. 
t.352,f.2 8c 5. Madagascar. 

L. U 659,/. 3. a. C. 10, • 
1. 1 45,/. 1 346-7. Amboyna. 

L. i. 705,/ 54. G. M6, 
/T. C.1,^28,/285.6 
&10, M45,/1344-5. 
E.M.t.350j.l. 

Z.^689,/.36. C. 1,^27, 
f. 271-2. E.M.t.35l, 
/ 2. Ceylon. 

3399 livid, 8peckledZ.^687,/34. C. 11,1.180, 

/.1739-40. E.M.t,35^, 

f.5. Guinea. 

3403 Orange F. t. 30,/ S. C. 1 1 , M 80, 

/ 1 737-8. Friendly Islands. 

3400 flesh-coloured Z.t.664,/.8. G.t.30j.H. 

0.l,t.2Sj.2S7'S.E.M. 
f.354,/.3. Amboyna. 



3399 Tortoise- 
shell 



80 



C Y P R iE A. 



Ztfui. names. 
10 Talpa 



Qm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HahUdi. 

3400 Mole Z. U 668,/. 14. G. i. 16, 

/.N. C.ht.Zr J. 273-4. 
E.M.t.353j.4. 



11 lurida 



3401 lurid 



12 VaneUi 



13 lota 



14 guttata 



Asia. 

Z.^671,/.17& 678^.19. 
G.t. 13,/. E.T. C.l, 
^30,/.3i5. E.M.t.354t, 
f.2. South America. 

3402 saflfron- Z.^684,/.31. C. 1,^25, 

throated /.250-1. Barbadoes. 



3402 white 



3402 dotted 



15 8anguinolenta3406 sanguine 



16 undulata 


3406 waved 


17 teres 


3405 long 


18 achatina 


Agate 


19 Caput ser- 


3406 Snake's 


pentis 


head 


20 Mauritiana 


3407 blackish- 




brown 



G.t.ie,f.C. C. 1,<.30, 
/.322. Sicily. 

Z.^ 676,/ 23. G.t.ie, 
/I. C.l,<.25,/252-3. u. 

C.1,^26,/265-6. E.M. 
<.356,/12. u. 

C.10,M44,/1337. Mauritius. 

S.Eml.l,p.ieU.lJ-7. u. 

M. U. C. 1 ,t. 1 4. Otaheite. 

Z. t. 702,/ 50 & 704,/ 53. 
G.t.l5,f.l.O. C.l,f.30, 
/316. E .M. t.354j.4>, 
a.b. »— 



21 ViteUus 



L.t.703,f.52. G.t. 15, 
/S.T. C.1,^30,/317. 
JE.3f.<.350,/2.a.b. 

Mauritius, Amboyna. 

3407 white-spotted Z.^693,/ 40. G. U 13, 

/T.V. C.L23J.22S. 
E.M.t.35i'J'.6. Amboyna. 



C Y P R iE A. 



81 



Linn, names. 
22 Mu8 



23 Tigris 



24 pantherina 



25 L3nix 



26 felina 



27 cinerea 



Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

3407 Mouse F. t. SO,/. A. C. 1, ^ 23, 

/. 222-3. E. M. t. 354, 
/.I. Amboyna. 



3408 Tiger 



Z. 1.682,/. 29. G.t.U, 
/.G.I.L. C. 1, f. 24, 
f. 232-4. E.M.t.P.53, 
f.3. 



Panther 



29 cylindrica 

30 Scurra 



31 Onyx 



32 subflava 



3409 Lynx 



3412 feline 



Z./. 681,/ 28. G.M4, 
/H. C.l,^24j:235-6. 

Mediterranean. 

Z.^683,/30. G.t.\3J.Z. 
C. 1, t. 23, / 230-1. 
E.M.t.355ff.S. Mauritius. 

z. t.esoj.r. c.i.t. 28, 

/.283-4. Maldives. 



3402 ash-coloured Z.^667,/11 & 670,/16. 

G.t.iej.M. C.\,t.25, 
f. 254-5. West Indies. 



28 Isabella 3409 yellow 



Z. f.660,/4. C. 1,^27, 
/275. E.M.t.355j.e. 

Amboyna. 



3405 cylindrical B.t.Sj.lO. 



V. 



3409 green-spotted C. 10, 1. 144,/ 1338. a. b. 

Z:.Ar./.352,/3. 

Eastern Ocean. 



3410 Onyx 



L.t.657j.2. G.M5,/N. 

C.l,^26,/.269.70. Asia. 



3413 yellowish G.t.\3,f.J). 

o 



u. 



82 



C Y P R iE A. 



Linn, names. 
3S zic-zac 



34 zonaria 

35 Hinindo 



36 Ursellus 



37 lutea 



38 Asellus 



39 erronea. 

40 Pynim 



42 cribraria 



43 Moneta 



Om. Engl, names. Synonyms. Hahiiai^ 

3410 zig-zag L.t. 661, /.5. C.\,t. 23, 

/ 224-7. E. M. t. 356, 
/.ll. East Indian Ocean. 



3414 zoned 
3411 Swallow 



C.10,M45,/.1342. Guinea. 

Z.f.674,/.20. C.l,<.28, 
/.282. E.M.t.356j.e. 

Maldives. 



3411 brown-spottedG. 1. 15,/ L. C. 1, t. 24, 

/.241. u. 



3414 yellow 



G.Z.t.l9j.l7. S.Einl.1, 

p.ies. u. 



3411 3.banded L. t. 666,/. 10. G. t. 15, 

/M. C.l,/.27,/.280. 
E.M.t.35!5tf.5. Amboyna. 

341 1 olive-mottled C.1,^27,/278-9. East Indies. 



3411 Pear 



41 punctata 3414 dotted 



G.t.UJ.E. C.l,/.267-8. 

Mediterranean. 

C.l,<.28,/.290-l. E.M. 
t.355,f.lO. u. 



3414 umbilicated L.<.695,/42. C.l,/.31, 

/336. E.M.t.355j'.5. China. 

3414 Money L. t. 709 J. 59. G. 1. 14, 

/3-5. C.l,f.31^.337- 
340. E.M.t.356,f.3. 

East Indies. 



44 Annulus 3415 ringed 



a.*.14,/l,2. C.l,<.24, 
/.239-40. E.M.t.35e, 
f.7. Ambojrna. 



C Y P R jE A. 



83 



Linn, names. 
45 Caurica 



46 stOlida 



47 cruenta 



48 erosa 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HabUaltm 

3415 thick-edged L.<.677,/.24. G. t.\b, 

/.A.A. C.r.29/.301-2. 
E.M.t.356 J.IO. Madagascar. 

B.t.S,/. 12. C. l,f. 28, 
/.292-3. Amboyna. 

3420 ferruginous G. 1. 15,/. E. C. 1, t. 29, 

/.303. E.M.t.35Sj.2. 



3416 angular- 
marked 



3415 bordered 



49 spurca 



Z. f. 692,/. 39. G. *. 15, 
/.H. C.l,f.30,/.320-l. 
E.M,t.355,f.4. Mauritius. 

CA,t.S\J'.S35. Mediterranean. 



3416 narrow- 
margined 

50 rubiginosa 3420 square-spot- F. t. 29,/. S. C. 1, U 29, 



51 tabescens 



ted 



glaucous 



/ 305 & 11, f. 180, 
/ll 743-4. Eastern Ocean. 



52 angustata 

53 helvola 



3421 narrow 
3417 star 



54 ocellata 3417 eyed 



Z.^678,/.25. C. l,f.28, 
/.294-5. Amboyna. 

C?.M3,/.Q.Q. u. 

Z. f.691,/.38. G. M5, 
/B.B. C.l,<.30,/.326- 
327. E.M.t.35eyf.l3. 

Amboyna. 

L.t.eoe,/. 43. F. /. 29, 
/.B.5. C.1,^31,/.S33- 
334. E.M.t.355J.7. 

Indian Ocean. 

3417 white-spottedZ.^694,/.41. C. 1,^24, 

/. 237-8. JS:.i>f./.356, 
/.4. Jamaica. 

56 gangrenosa 3417 gangrene C.l,^30,/.324-5. China. 

\_poraria a.] 

g2 



55 poraria 



84 



C Y P R JE A. 



Lmn. names, 

57 fimbriata 

58 Oniscus 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, 

3420 fimbriated C.^26^.263-4. 



Habiua. 
u. 



Wood-louse L.L70e,f.S5, F. /. 29, 

/.H.3. C.l,t.29,/.306- 
308. Adriatic. 



59 sulcata 



3418 sulcated 



60 Pediculus 3418 Sea-louse 



Z. *. 706,/. 56. G.M5, 
/R. C.l,«.29^.3 10-11. 
E.M.t.35ej.l.SL. Westlndies. 

L.t,707J.57, C. 1,^29, 
/.309. P.B.Z, 4, t. 73. 
/).2,«.43. M.p,200, 
E.M.t.35e,f,l.h. Britain. 



61 Madagasca- 3419 Madagascar Z.<.710,/.61. 
riensis 



Madagascar. 



62 Nucleus 



3418 wrinkled 



(x.M4,/. Q.R.S. C.l, 
t, 29, /. 312. E. M. 
t,S55^f,3. Island of Nussatella. 



63 pustulata 



Pustule Z.<.7 10^.62. 



China. 



64 staphylea 3419 groove- 
backed 



65 Cicercula 3419 Vetch 



66 Margarita 



Pearl 



67 Globulus 3419 globular 



68 minuta 



3406 minute 



L.L7SJ.5S, G.t.Uyf,T, 
C. 1, t. 29, /. 313-14. 
E,M,t.S5GJ'.9, East Indies. 

Z.*.710,/.60. C.l,<.24, 
/. 243-4. E. M, i. 355, 
f,l. Ambo3ma. 

G.t.UJ.M. C. 1,^24, 
/. 242. E. M. U 356, 
/.2. 

Cj.<.14,/.N. C.10,M45, 
/.1 339-40. 

iS'.£m/.l,p.65,No.l21. u. 




Af* 




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fiLC 



'7 ff 





f9^ 





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JJm 











JLr ♦ 







J|^ tV 



i** «> ♦ 



/ffM 



««« 



4^* 



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^^1 



-tf^« 47 <» 





4* ».* 



49 » 



9 % 





•^ «^ ./# tf 



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BULLA. 



85 



Linn, names. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. 



Habitat. 



XXII. BULLA. 



DIPPER. 



1 Ovum 



3422 Egg 



2 imperialis 

3 Volva 



4 carnea 

5 lepida 

6 birostris 



7 Secale 

8 patula 

9 Spelta 



crumpled 

3422 Weaver's- 
shuttle 



10 verrucosa 3423 warty 



11 gibbosa 3423 belted 



12 Naucum 3424 Sea-nut 



Z.^ 711,/. 65. G. t.l5, 
/.A.B. C.l,/.22,/.205. 
206. E.M.t.S5S,f.l. Amboymi. 

M. U. C.t.eo. Friendly Islands. 

Z.^ 711,/. 63. F.^30, 
/.K.2. C.l,^23,/.218- 
219. E.M.t.S57,f.S. Japan. 

3434 fle8h-colouredJ?.i»/.^357,/.2. Africa. 

orange-colouredP. (r.<.66|/.2,3. Leghorn. 

3423 lesser-shuttle F.f. 30,/ K.l. C.l,<.24, 

/.217.a.b. E.M.t.S57, 
/.l.a.b. China. 

Rye-shaped Z.f.711,/.66. West Indies. 

patulous P.B.Z.4,t.73. /).4,<.142. 

M.p.207. Britain. 

Z.f.712,/.68. G.t.l5,f.4. 

C.<.23,/.215.16. Mediter. 

Z. e. 712,/ 67. G.t.ie, 
/F. C.^32,/220-1. 
E.M.t.S57,f.5. Amboyna, 

Z./. 711,/ 64. G.t. 15, 
/3. C.l,f.22^.211-14. 
E.M.t.357j.4. Brazil. 

Z.^ 714,/ 73. (x.M3, 

/G.G. C.l,/.22,/200- 

201.Z:.iW.^359,/5.a.b. 

Amboyna. 



3423 oblong 



86 



BULLA. 



Lhm. names. 

13 ferruginosa 

14 aperta 



15 Catena 

16 Plumula 



Chain 
Feather 



17 Hydatis 3424 Paper 



18 Ampulla 



19 Amygdalus 8425 /3 Almond 



20 lignaria 



21 pectinata 



22 soluta 

23 Akera 



24 Physis 3425 striped 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, Habitat. 

3432 rust-spotted C.l,^22,/.209-10. u. 

3424 wide C. 10, t. 146, /. 1354-5. 

/).4,M20. i^f.p.208. 
Vign.2,f.l'4. Britain, &c. 

M.p.2l5,t.7,f.7. 

M. p. 214, t. 15, /. 9. & 

Vign.2,f.5. Britain. 

G.M3,/.D.D. C.l,<.21, 
/. 119 & 11, t. 118, 
/.1019. 

3425 Pewit's egg L. t. 713, /. 69 & t. 1056, 

f.S. G.t.l2,f.E. C.l, 
«. 21,/. 188-93. E.M. 
^358,/.3.a.b. Amboyna. 

L. t. 7U,f. 72. G. t. 12, 
/.F.I. C.l,^22,/.202-4. 
^.i»f.<.358,/.2.a.b. M. 
p.206,t.7,/.l. Ampulla. 

West Indies. 

Z.*.714,/.71. C.l, ^ 21, 
/.194-5. E.M.t.S59y 
/.3. P.B.Z.^,t.73. M. 
p.205. Britain, &c. 

3f.Z./).2,p.41,t. 71,/.10. 
^.3f./.360,/.3.a.b.c. 

Coast of Denmark. 

C.10,«.46,/.1859-61. Ceylon. 

C.10,<.146/.1358./).^79. 
M.p.2l9. Britain, &c. 

G.t.l3,f.¥.F. C.l, t. 21, 
/. 196-7. E.M.t.S59, 
/.4. East Indies. 



3425 brown- 
striated 



pectinated 



3434 unsealed 
3434 elastic 



BULLA. 



87 



Linn, names. Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Habiiai. 

25 nitidula brittle Z.^715,/.74. C.l,|i.274, 



/.4,5. 



West Indies. 



26 Amplustre 3426 banded 



27 Velum 



3433 zoned 



C. 10, t. 146, /. 1350-1. 
E.M.t.S59yf.2. China. 

C. 10, t. 146, /. 1348-9. 
£.A/.f.359,/.l.a.b. 

Tranquebar. 



28 scabra 

29 Ficus 



3434 rough 
3426 Fig 



C.10,M 46,/. 1352-3. 



Java. 



30 Pyrum 



31 Rapa 



Pear 



Z. r.750&751. G. t.26, 
f.U. C.3,^66,/.7S3-5. 
E.M.t.iiSZtf.lfi. Amboyna. 

L.t.S77J.l. C.8,/.66, 

/.rse-r. u. 



3426 tumip-shapedC.3,r.68,/.747-9. 



China. 



32 canaliculata 3427 chanelled L.S.N.p.UB5. 

33 conoidea 3427 conoidal Z.iSf.i^.p.ll85. 



34 Voluta 



3433 volute 



C.9,M17,/.1009-10. 



u. 
u. 
u. 



35 Dominicensis 3433 nine-whirled C.9yt. 1 1 7,/. 1011. St. Domingo. 

36 crassula reversed L.t.l35J'.S5. C.9,<. 103, 

/. 879-80. West Indies. 



37 fontinalis 3427 fresh-water 



38 rivalis 



nver 



Z. t. 134,/. 34. G. t. 5, 
/C.C. /).5,*.168,/.2. 
M.p.226. Rivers in Britain,&c. 

F.t.GlJ.E.e. C.9,M03, 
/.877-8. M.SuppLp.97. 

Britain, &c. 



88 



BULLA. 



Lmn. names. . Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, Habkai, 

39 Hypnoruin 3665 slender L.tA059,f.5. C.9,tl03, 

/ 882-3. a, b. c. M, 
p.228, Z.r.8,^4,/.3. 

Britain, &c. Fr.w. 

40 gelatinosa 3428 gelatinous S.Fluss.p.ZdS. Denmark. Fr.w. 

41 Terebellum 3428 awl-shaped Z.^736,/.30-l. G.f.23, 

/O. C.2,«.51/.568-9 
& 10, f. 146,/. 1362-3. 
^.A/.f.360,/.l.a.b.c. 

Amboyna. 



42 Cyprsea 

43 ventricosa 

44 ampla 

45 virginea 



cowry-form C.2,f.65^.731. Mediterranean. 

ventricose Z.^746,/.40. u. 

3467wide-mouthed C.2,<.65,/.722. u. 

3429 ribbon L.<.15,/.10. G.t.e./.A. 

C. 9, «. 117,/. 1000-3. 
Fer.<.118,/.3&4. West Indies- 



46 fasciata 



3430 banded 



L.M2,/.7. G.<.6,/. CD. 

C.9,M17^.1004-6. 

East and West Indies. 



47 strigata 

48 striatula 

49 exarata 

50 truncata 

51 Priamus 

52 Zebra 



3430 yellow.streak.3/.r.2,p.l48. 
3430 striated Br.E.M.p.SiO. 



u. 
u. 



3431 wrinkled 

3434 truncated 
Priam 

3431 Zebra 



C. 9, t. 120, /. 1031-2. 
Fer.t. 1 1 8,/.l & 2. Guinea. 

C.9,M20,/1028-30. u. 

Br. E, M. p. 360. C. 9, 

1. 1 20 J. 1 026-7. West Indies. 

Z.<.580,/.34. C.9,M18, 
/.1015-16. Guinea. 



^ 







/^.jif 





rtm* 



^m 






^m 





'»• 



% 



^6^ 








Urn 



SS mf 



».# ♦ 




•r^ «♦ 



^ 



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<r «r< 



#* At ^ -»» <• 





J^/ 






J/ / 






JnS m * 



J»* 



•r* 






w«^j« 



<^4r 





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.i«^^*^ 



i"^ a* 9/^ -^9'^ 



Otfn 



7 




6fn' 



VOLUT A. 



89 



54 purpurea 



55 bicarinata 



Linn, names. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

53 achadna 3432 broad-striped Z. ^ 579, /. 34. G.t.^5. 

f.B. C.9,<.118,/.1012- 
1013. £. Indies. 

3433 purple- L.t.5S\yf.35. C.9,M18, 

mouthed /.1017-18. Africa. 

double-keeledZ. L 37,/.36. C. 9, t.lO$, 

/.875-6. u. 

56 cylindrica 3433 cylindric F.t.27j.¥.5. C.10,<.146, 

/. 1356-7. E.M.t.S60, 
f.2. S. Sea. 

cylindrical Z.<.714,/.70. P.B.Z.^, 

t.7S. Z).4,«.120,/.2. 
M.p.iil,t.7,f.i» Britain. 

umbilicated ilf.|).222,<.7,/.4. 

blunt M.t.7jf.5. L.T.Syp.US 

& 5,M,/.1,2. 

obtuse M.p.ft23tt.7,f.3. 



57 cylindracea 



58 umbilicata 

59 retusa 



60 obtusa 

61 haliotoidea 



Venus* ear C. 1, t. 16,/. 151-3. M. 

p.zn,t.7,f.e. L.T.S, 

p. 123. 



XXIII. VOLUTA. VOLUTE. 



1 Auris Midae 3435 Midas' ear 



2 Auris JudsB 3437 Judas* ear 



L. «. 1058,/. 6. G. t.55, 
f.G. C.2,<.43,/436-8. 
E.M.t.4eoj.6. E. Indies. 

Z.<.32,/.30. C. 2,<. 44, 
/.449-51. Malacca. 



90 



V O L U T A. 



Linn, names. Gm. 
3 Australis 



Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

Southern C.9,M21,/.1039-40. 

New Holland. 



4 Auris Malchi3437 Malchus* ear C.9,M 21,/. 1037-8. Fer. 

t.l59. u. 



5 glabra 3436 

6 Auris Sileni 3436 



7 fasciata 

8 Auris virginis 

9 Auris vulpina 

10 Auris cati 

11 tomatilis 3437 



12 flammea 

13 solidula 

14 livida 

15 CojQTea 



3435 

3437 
3438 
3438 



16 minuta 



17 flava 3436 

18 denticulata 



smooth C.2,<.43,/.447-8. u. 

Silenus' ear B. t.9,f. 3,4. C. 1 1 , M 76, 

/. 1701-2. E.M.t.460, 
/.4. u. 

banded C.9,M21,/.1041. Australasia. 

Virgin's ear Z.i. 24,/.22. C.9,M2l, 

/.1 042. East Indies. 

Fox's ear C.l 1,^21 0,/.2086-7. St. Helena. 

Cat's ear C.11,M77,/.1711-12. u. 

double-band. L. t.SS5,f. 58. C. 2, ^43, 

/. 442-3. E.M.t.^52, 
/.3. P.B.Z.^,L75,f.l. 
Z).2,^57. M.p.23l. Britain. 

variegated Z.^814,/.24. C.2,^.43, 

/.439. E.M.t.4^52J.\. u. 

strong C.2,^43,/.440-l. China. 

livid G.t.25J. B. Africa. 

coffee-colour. £. t. 834,/. 59. F. t. 65, 

/. H. 7. C. 9, t. 121, 
/.^1043. E.M.t.^eo, 
f.5. Barbadoes. 

L. t. 834, /. 60. F. t. 65, 
/.H.8. C.2,^43,/445 

yellow C.2,^43,/.444. East Indies, 

toothed ilf.|).234,^20,/.5. Britain. 



3436 minute 



V O L U T A. 



91 



Linn* names, 

19 triplicata 

20 pusilla 



21 bidentata 


double-too 


ftft alba 


wbite 


23 pellucida 


pellucid 


24 unidentata 


single -too 


25 interstincta 


divided 


26 inscidpta 


engraved 


27 plicata 


plaited 


28 ambigua 


doubtful 



Gin. Engl, names. Synonyms, Habitat. 

d-toothed D.4f,t.l3S. M.Suppl.p.99. 

Gruemsey. 

3436 small oval F. t.65,f. H.4. C. 2, «.43, 

y.446. u. 

double-toothed3f.«S'tip;p/.p.l00,t.30,/.2. Britain. 

W.M,S.f, 61. M.p.Z25. 

WJif.S,f.4i6. M,t.l2j.9. 



29 Porphyrea 3438 Porphyry 



L. T, 3, t. 13, /. 23-4. 

3f.M2,/.10. 

M.Svppl.p.l29. 

3f.^21,/.2. L.T.Syp.lSl 

M.Suppl.t,nyf.4. L.T.S, 
p.l32. 

G. t. 24, /. P. C. 2, t. 46, 
/. 485-6. E.M.t.sei, 
/.4. West Indies. 

SO erythrostoma orange-marbled £.^727,/. 14, (r.<.24,/.0. 

C.2,<.45,/.476-7.jE.M. 
^361,/.2. Amboyna. 

3439 olive L. t. 728,/. 15. G. t. 24, 

/.F. C. 2, «.51,/.559. 
E.M.t.362j.5. —^ 

orange-throated L. t. 720, /. 4, 5. G. t. 23, 

/.Q. C.2,«.46,/.491-2. 
E.M.t.36S,f.2. 

3441 ringed L.t. 717, f.l. C. 2,«. 51, 

/.564. E.M.t.3e3,f.2. 

Isle of France. 



31 oliva 



32 cruenta 



33 annulata 



92 



V O L U T A. 



Linn, names. 
34 ventricosa 



S5 incrassata 

36 pinguis 

37 Utriculus 



38 Ispidula 



39 hiatula 3442 gaping 



40 nivea 



41 Jaspidea 3442 Jasper 



42 tigrina 



43 Cameola 3443 Cornelian 



44 micans 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HabUai. 

ventricose L. t. 7S5,f. 25. F. t. 19, 

/.E.2. C.2,t47,f.507- 
508&10,M47,/.1S73. 
E.M.t.364,f.7. Moluccas. 

thickened C.2,^47 J.499,500. E.M. 

t.SSSff.S. 

Quaker olive C.10,M47,/.1367-8. Brazil. 

3441 gibbous £. ^723,/.10 &730,/ 19. 

6r.«.24,/.G. C.2,<.49, 
/.539-40. E.M. 1.365, 
f.6. Coromandel. 

enamelled Z.^722,/.9. F.t.l9,f.A. 

C. 2, t. 50, /. 551-3. 
E.M.t.seS,f.3&6. Moluccas. 

L.t.7Z9yf.l7. C.2,<.50, 
f.555. E.M.t.3esj.5. Africa. 

F. 2, p. 836,*. 19,/. 1.2. 

C.2,<.50,/.557-8. West Indies. 

L.t.725,f.l3. F.2,p.835, 
/.I.2. C.2,t.50j.556. 

Philippines. 

Z. ^721,/.6. C. 2,^46, 
/. 493-4. E.M.t.36S, 
f.\. Eastern Ocean. 

F. 2,|). 829, «. 19,/.H.2. 
C.2,<.46,/.495. E.M. 
t.3e5,f.5. Moluccas. 

L.t.733J.%2. F.2,p.837, 
«.19,/.H.l. C.2,<.50, 
/. 543-4. E. M. t. 363, 
/.S. 



3442 snowy 



Tiger 



little 



V O L U T A. 



93 



Linn, names, 

45 nitidula 

46 Oryza 

47 Dactylus 



48 fenestrata 



49 crenulata 



50 texturata 



51 Conus 



52 Miliaria 
5S Monilis 

54 exilis 

55 Persicula 



56 cingulata 



57 guttata 

58 Porcellana 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, Habitat, 

delicate C. 2, «.50,/. 545-7. E.M. 

t,S69ff,4, Moluccas. 

Rice C.2,^50,/.548. u. 

3443 six-plaited L,t,Bl3,f.23, C.10,M50, 

/. 1411-12. E,M.i,S7fi, 
f*5, India. 

eight-plaited G,t.ftB,f.F, E,M,t.S7fi, 

/.3. 

3452 crenulated L, t, 813,/. 23. a. C, 10, 

M50,/.1413-14. E,M, 
^372,/.4.a.b. East Indies. 

four-plaited L,t. Sl9,f,S6. G,t,2S, 

/.O. E.M.t,372J,Z, V, 

3349 cone-shaped L, t, 814,/. 23. b. C. 10, 

<.150,/.1415-16. E.M, 
t,3S2,f.2. u. 

3443 Millet C.2,^42,/428. Mediterranean. 

3443 Necklace C.2,^42,/426. China. 

3444 brown-banded C.2,^42,/. 427. Senegal. 

3444 red-spotted L, t, 803,/ 10. G. t, 28, 

/. C. D. E. C. 2, t, 42, 
/421. E.M.t.377,f.3. Ajfrica. 

red lined L.t,S03,f,9, G.t.25,f,C, 

C. 2, t, 42,/ 419-20. 
E.M,t,377 J.4.a,h. 

Cape Verde. 

dotted C.2,<.42,/417-18. Jamaica. 

3449 Porcelain C. 10, t. 150,/ 1419-20. 

E.M,t, 37 7 if, 5. Indian Ocean. 



94 



V O L U T A. 



Linn* names. 
59 pallida 



60 catenata 

61 Isevis 

62 marginata 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Hahiiat. 

3444 pallid L.t.7U^.70. E.M.t.S84, 

f.4i. D.t.6e. M.p.282. 

Britain, &c. 

chain-spotted 3f.|>. 236, 1.6,/. 2 & Suppl. 

J). 104. 



63 Faba 



64 glabella 3445 polished 



65 picta 

66 Castanea 

67 strigata 

68 Prunum 

69 elegans 

70 bullata 



smooth D.5yt.ie5. M.t.e,f.7. 

3449 margined F.U29J.E. C.10,M50, 

/.1421. E.M.t. 376, 
f.9. Guinea. 

3445 Bean L. t. Sl2,f. 22. G.t. 28, 

f.Q. C.2,^42,/.432-3. 
E.M.t.377,f.l-8. Bombay. 

L.t.818,f.29. C.2,t.42, 
f.429. E.M.t.S77j.6. 
a.b. Guinea. 



painted 



C. 2, f. 42,/. 434-5. E.M. 
t.377J.2. Brazil. 



Chesnut C.2,«.42,/.430. 



wave-striped C. 10, t, 150, /. 1423-4. 

E.M.t.377,f.7. Guinea. 

3446 blueish grey C.2, «.42,/.422-S. E.M. 

t.37e,f.8. Island of Goree. 



3448 elegant C.2,^42^.424-5. 



u. 



3452 bubble 



71 reticulata 3446 reticulated 



L.t.803,f.n. C.10,M50, 
/.1409-10. E.M.t.376, 
f.5. East Indies. 

L.t.830,f.52. C.3,<.121, 
/.1107-8. E.M.t.375, 
f.3. West Indies. 



V O L U T A. 



95 



Linn, names. 
72 Ziervogelii 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, Habitat. 

3457 thick-lipped C.10,«. 149,/. 1406. E,M, 

t.375,f.9. 



u. 



79 mercatoria 3446 clouded 



74 rustica 



3447 rustic 



75 paupercula 3448 Zebra 



76 Pica 



Magpie 



77 femigata 



bellied 



78 patriarchalis 3460 Patriarch 

79 mendicaria 3448 black and 

white 



80 nana 



81 microzonias 



dwarf 



L, t. 824,/. 43. G. t, 43, 
/.LL. C.2,<.44^.452-8. 
E,M,i,S75jf.^, Mediterranean. 

Z.^ 824,/. 44. G.t,43, 
/.C.E.G.H. C, 2, t.44, 
/ 462-468-471. E.M, 
^375,/.2. 

Z.«.819,/.35. G.t.l5,f.L. 
C. 4, t. 149,/. 1386-7- 
& 10, «. 150,/. 1417-18. 
E.M.t.372j,S. 



C. 11, t. 178,/. 1721-2. 
E,M.t,372yf.7, 

Island of St. Bartholomew. 

C.4,M50,/.1398-9. E,M. 
t,375,f,\. u. 

C. 10, t. 150, /. 1425-6. 
E,M.t374,f.l. East Indies. 

£.^826,/.47. G.t.52,f,E, 
C.2,<.44,/460-l. E.M, 
<.375,/.10.a.b. 

Mediterranean. 



C.2,<.44,/.459. 



white-banded £!.Af.t.374,/.8. Indian Ocean. 



82 cancellata 3448 latticed 



£.^830,/. 53-4. G,t, 4S, 
/. D. E. C. 11, «. 179, 
/.1 727-8. Mediterranean. 



96 



V O L U T A. 



Zmit. names, 

83 Nassa 

84 nucea 

85 Tringa 



86 Cornicula 

87 Schroeteri 

88 acuminata 

89 Virgo 

90 filaris 

91 filosa 



92 (issurata 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, Habitat. 

3464 ribbed G.<.48,/.B.C. C.4,f.l24, 

/.1 172-3. . Guinea. 

3449 nut G, Z.t, IS J'.ll, u. 

3449 decorticated L. t. 825, /. 45. G, t. 45, 

/.B. E,M.t.S74j,lO. 

Mediterranean. 

3449 horn-colour. Gf.^43,/.N. C. 11,^.1 79, 

/.1731-2. 



Scbroeter's C. 11, t. 179, /. 1735-6. 

E.M.t.37lJ,2. Guinea. 

3454 8harp-pointedC4,t.l50,/.403-4. Tranquebar. 



3450 Virgin L,S,N.p,U92, 

3457 narrow L.Mant,p,5^S, 



Hayman. 



u. 



3465 threaded G,t.53j.H. F.t.SlJ.C.7. 

C. 4, M 49,/ 1388-9 & 
1391. East Indies. 



straw-colouredE.ilf .<.371 ,/. 1 . 



u. 



93 Barbadensis 3455 striped 



£.<.819,/.33. E,M,t,S72, 
f.6, Barbadoes. 



94 Clathrus 3457 cancellated S.EinLli,p.Z9e. K,S,t,27, 

f,3, China. 



95 crenifera 

96 scabricula 



97 exasperata 

98 costata 



crenulated E.M.t.370,f.S. Indian Seas. 

roughly striated G. t, 53,/.D. C. 1 1, f.l 79, 

/.1729-30. £:.ilf.^371, 
/.4,5. China. 

3453 granulous C.10,M51,/1440-1. East Indies. 
3458 ribbed S.Einl.\,p.30%^t,\,f,\7. 



u. 



V O L U T A. 



97 



Linn, names, Gm, Engl, names. 

99 granosa 3453 grained 

100 nodulosa 3453 nodulous 

101 spadicea 3454 five-plaited 

102 decussata 3454 decussated 

103 Ruffina 3450 reddish-yel. 



Synonyms. Habitat. 

C.10,M51,/.1442-3. 

East Indian Ocean. 

G.t.52,f.¥.G. C.4,M49, 
/.1385 & 1390. West Indies. 



C.4,M50/.1392. 
C.4,f.l50,/1395. 



u. 

u. 



L. t. 822, f. 40. G. t. 54, 
/.G. C.4,t.U7J.1361. 
E.M.t.969,f.5. Eastern Ocean. 



104 variegata 3457 variegated 

105 Sanguisuga 3450 Leech 



u. 



106 Cafl&a 



3451 Caffire 



K,5ft,lS,j.6. 

L.t.S2\,f.38. G. t.53, 
/.F. C.4,M48,/.1373-4. 
E.M.t.373jf.lO. Amboyna'. 

G.t,53j.E. E. M. t. 373, 

/.4. C.4,<.148,/.1369- 

1370. 



Africa. 



107 Leucozonias3453 white-striped C.4,M 48,/. 137 1-2. 



u. 



108 Morio 3451 tawny 

109 Vulpecula 3451 foxy 



Z.iS'.iV.p.ll93. West Indies. 



110 costellaris 



G.«.54,/B.C. E.M.t.373, 
f.5. C.4,<.148,/.1364-6. 

Amboyna. 

chequered G.t.54J.D. E.M.t.373, 

/.3. C.10,M51,/.1436- 
1 437. East Indian Ocean. 



111 subdivisa 3453 subdivided E. M. t. 373,/. 1. C. 10, 

M51,/.1434-5. 

112 melongena fine-ribbed E.M.t.373ff.9. 

113 polygona 3454 polygonal C4,M50,/.1401-2. 

H 



98 



V O L U T A. 



Linn, names. Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. HabUai. 

114 tsniata Taenia C. 10, t. 151, / 1444-5. 



E.M.t.S7S,f.7. 



Bombay. 



115 plicaria 3452 folded 



116 rugosa 3456 rugose 



Z.^ 820,/ 37. G. <.54, 
/.F. C.M48,/.1362-3. 
E.M.t.37$,f.6. China. 

(?.«. 54,/.A&E. E.M. 
t.S7Syf.S. Indian Ocean. 



117 cruentata 

118 turrita 

119 spiralis 

120 auranda 



121 vitulina 

122 scutulata 

123 nigra 

124 casta 

125 Acus 



126 maculosa 3453 spotted 



3453 knottyribbedC.10,M51/.1438-9. Eastlndies. 

3456 turreted' L.LS36J.G2. C.4,<.141, 

/.1317-18. u. 

3464 sjnral R.Mus.t.Zdjf.X. Indian Seas. 

3454 orange E.M.t.S75jf.5. C.4,M50, 

/.1 393-4. u. 

white-banded C.4,M 49,/. 1 380-1 . Indian Seas. 
3452 scutcheon C.10,M51,/.1428-9. 

3452 black C.10,M51,/1430-1. 

3453 brown-band. C.10.|).174j:C.D. 
3451 Needle C.4,M57,/1493-4. 

C.4,«.149/.1377. 



127 biplicata 

128 turricula 

129 lineata 

130 sulcata 

131 discors 

132 striata 
1$3 laevigata 



Guinea. 

Amboyna. 

u. 

u. 

u. 



3454 two-plaited C.4,M49,/.1375. 

3454 tower C.4,M49/.1376. u. 

3454 white lined C.4,M 49,/ 1378-9. Tarentum. 

3455 sulcated C4,M50,/.1407. Tranquebar. 
3455 discordant C.4,M 50-1 400. West Indies. 



3455 striated 
3455 smooth 



C.4,<.150,/.1405-6. Minorca. 
C.4,<, 1 50,/ 1408. West Indies. 



V O L U T A. 



U9 



Linn, names. 
lS4f ocelkta 
135 nasuta 



Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Hahttat. 
3455 eyed C.4,M50,/.U09. Mediterranean. 
3455 black-spotted C.4,^.150,/.1410. 



136 marmorea 3455 marbled C.4,<.150,/.1411. 



137 Abbatis 

138 serpentina 

139 olivaria 

140 nubila 



141 pertusa 



Abbot C.ll,«.177»/1709-10. E.Indies. 

serpentine E.M.t.S70,fA. 

two-banded E.M.t.SHtf.S. u. 

3450 clouded C.ll,<.177,/.1705-6. 

Friendly Islands. 

3458 punctured L.t.S3S,f.65. E,M.t.S69, 



{^Cardina^.'] 



142 digitalis 



digital 



/.I. C.4,M47,/.1358-9. 

East Indies. 

F.<.31,/D.3. iE:.M.^370, 
f.5. C.10,<.151,/.1432- 
1433. 



143 episcopalis 3459 Mitre 



L.t.S99,f.6e. G.t.55, 
f.G. C.4,M47,/.1360. 
E.M.t.S69,f.fi'4f. 

Asiatic Ocean. 



144 papalis 



145 Thiara 



146 coronata 



147 Musica 3460 Music 



3459 Papal Mitre L. L 839,/. 67. G. t. 53, 

/.I. C.4,«.147,/.1353-4. 
E.M.USlOyf.l. Amboyna. 

Thiara L. t. 840,/. 68. G. t. 53, 

/.I. C.4,<.147,/.1355-6. 
E.M.t.370,f.2. Madagascar. 

Crown E. M. t. 371,/. 6. C. 11, 

M78,/.1719-20. 

West Indies. 

/,.«.805,/.14. G.t.ftSj.Z. 
C.3,<.96,/.927-9. E.M. 
^380,/l&3. 



H » 



100 



V O L U T A. 



Linn, names. 

148 virescens 

149 plicata 

150 VexiUum 



Crm. Engl, names. 
greenish 

plaited 
3464 Banner 



Synonyms. 



HaUUU. 



151 Vespertilio 3461 Bat 



152 imperialis 



imperial 



153 Padfica 3461 nodulous 

[ArabUca.'] 

154 Ebrsea 3461 Hebrew 

character 

155 TurbinelluB 3462 turbinated 



156 Capitellum 3462 ridged 



E.M. t.S79,f.l & 382^.3. 

C.3,^79,/.932-S. Guinea. 

C.10,M49,/.1403.4. East Indies. 

F.LSSJ.OA. E.M.LS81, 
f.\. C.10,p.l52.f.A.B. 

Amboyna. 

/:.<.807,/. 16&808,/.17. 
G.t.2Syf.¥.G.lM. C. 
10,<. 149,/. 1397-1400. 
E.M.t.87Sj.2. West Indies. 

C. 3, «. 97,/.934-5. E.M. 
t.382,/. 1 . Str. of Malacca. 

C.ll,M78,/.17S-4. 

Pacific Ocean. 

Z.t.809,/.18. E.M.t.3S0, 
f.2. C»3,<.96,/.924-6. 

Jamaica. 

L. t. 811,/. 20. F. t. 24, 
/.C.2. C.3,^99,/944. 

Amboyna. 

G.tSrj.A. F.«.24,/.C.3. 
C.3,^99,/.947-8&ll, 
M 79,/. 1723-4. 

Indian Ocean. 



157 Rhinoceros 3458 Rhinoceros C.10,M 50,/. 1407-8. 



158 muricata 



prickly 



159 Ceramica 3462 homed 



New Guinea. 

L.t.SlO,f.l9. C.3,^ 99, 
/.949-50. West Indies. 

Z.«.829,/.51. G.t.55j.D. 

C.3jt.99jf.9^S. Moluccas. 



V o r, U T A. 



101 



Linn, names. 
160 Pyrum 



161 gravis 



162 globosa 



Gm. Engl, names, ^ yjfyi^onyms. Habitat, 

3403 pear-shaped L.t.sU.JfL^y. *JW.46,/C. 

C.3,t.95,f.^<f. E M. 
<.390^.2.a.b.c. * C'.ylop. 

C. 3,^95,/. 917. E.M, 
t.S90,f. 1 . Str. of Malacca. 



solid 



globose C.11,M78,/.1715-16, 



u. 



163 Lapponica 3463 wave-lined 



F. t, 33,/. P. C, 3, t, 95, 
/.920-21. E.M.t.SSl, 
/.3&^431.bis/.l. 

American Ocean. 

164 Zebra Zebra Z.Z.3f.l,M2,/.l. New Holland* 

165 flavicans 3464 yellowish C.3,^95,/.922-3. East Indies. 

166 undulata undulated S.N.M.Uft.JOZ. Australasia. 

167 rupestris 3464 rock E.M.t.3SlJ.2. C.8,<.98, 

/. 941-2. Japan. 

168 Magellanica3465 Magellanic F.^.28,/. E. C.10,M48, 

/.1 383-4. E.M.t.SS5, 

/. 1 & 3. Str. of Magellan. 

3457 whitish C.10,M 48,/. 1389-90. Guinea. 

square-spotted F.t,79,f,A. C 1 1 , M 77, 

/.1703-4. S. PacificOcean. 

snow-spotted 5.i^.3f. 21,^912. New Holland. 

3468 Lightning L, ^ 799,/ 6. G, 28,/ S. 

C. 3, t. 72,/ 774 & 73, 
/775-6. E.M.t.391, 

Cape of Good Hope. 

C.ll,M74-5. New Holland. 

C.11,M 76,/ 1695-6. BrazU. 



169 Volva 

170 Junonia 

171 nivosa 

172 Scapha 



173 magnifica 

174 Colocynthis 



magnific 
Coloquint 



• • ••• •' 

• • • • » 

• • • ■ 



102 V o i^jy T A. 

Lvm. namet. Gm. Emg\:4iahkei'' Sytumymt. Hahiiai. 

1 75 ^thiopica .^K '^Aiopic L. U 797,/. 4. C. 8, t. 74, 

/.781. E.M.t.SS7j.l, 

2 & 388,/.l-3. Amboyna. 

•• • • 
/•.•.«^6«brona ducal crown C.10,<.148,/.1 387-8. E.Indies. 

:•. • • 177 Cymbiola 3468 lesser Cym- C. 10,1. 148,/. 1385-6. 

bal 

178 Cymbium 3466 Cymbal Z.<.796,/3. G.t.29j.B. 

C.3,<.70,/.762-3. E.M. 
^386,/.3. . Guinea. 

179 porcina keel-margin E.M.t,3S6,f.2. C3,<.70, 

/764-5. 

180 ODa 3466 Melon L.UUJ.I. G.t.29j.A. 

C.3,^71,/.766. E.M. 
t.385,/2. West Indies. 

181 Neptuni 3467 Neptune's L. U S02,f. 8. G. t. 27, 

/.A.A. C.S,^71,/.767. 
-E.Ar.^386,/1. PersianGulf. 

182 Navicula 3467 Gondola L.t. 795, f.2. C.3,f.71, 

/768.71. Guinea. 

183 Glans 3468 reddish-yel. C.10,M 48/. 1393-4. Africa. 

184 Prseputium 3468 Nipple L.t.798j.5. C.10,M48, 

/.1 39 1-4. Coromandel. 

185 Indica 3467 Indian C.3,^72/.772.3. E.M. 

t.3S9/.l. China. 

186 clathrata 3445 worn Z.t.819,/.34. Barbadoes. 




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BUCCIN UM. 



103 



Linn, names, Gm, EngL names. 



Synonjfttks. 



Habitat. 



XXIV. BUCCINUM. WHELK. 



1 Oiearium 3469 Tun 



2 Galea 



3 Perdix 



4 Pomum 



5 sulcosum 



3469 brown Tun 



3470 Partridge 
Tun 



3470 thick-lipped 
Tun 



flat-ribbed 



6 Dolium 3470 spotted Tun 



7 Chinense 

8 caudatum 

9 Echinopho- 

rum 



10 nodosum 



Chinese Tun 
3471 beaked Tun 
3471 tuberculated 



belted 



G.r.44,/.T. C.3,M17, 
/.1 076-7. E.M.t.4tO$, 
/A. East Indies* 

Z.r. 898,/.18. G.t.42. 
C. 3, t. 116, /. 1070. 
E.M.t.4iOS,f.l. Mediterranean. 

£. /. 984,/. 43. G.t5l, 

f.F. C.3,M17,/.1078. 

1080. M.p.244f,t.S,f.5. 

Britain, &c. 

L.t.792j.45. G.t.5\yf.C. 
C. 2,t.$ej. 370-1. E.M. 
<.403,/.2. Amboyna. 

F.t.27,f.B. C. 3,<. 118, 
/• 1 8 1 . Coromandel. 

1.^899,/. 19. G.t.S9,f.E. 
C. 3,t. 117,/. 1073-4. 
E.MU.4i03ff.5. Amboyna. 

C.11,M 88,/. 1804-5. China. 

C.3,M18^.1083-4. u. 

Z.<.1003,/.68. G.t.43J.3. 
C.2,^41/.407-8. E.M. 
^405,/.3. Mediterranean. 

Z.M011,/.71. u. 



104 



B U C C I N U M, 



Linn, names. Gm, Engl, nameg, Synonymi, HabUat. 

11 Tyrrhenum 8478 nigged I.M011,/.71. e. G.tAS, 

/.2. C.10,M53,/.1461- 
1462. E.M.tA05j.l. Tuscany. 

12 abbreviatum 3468 short-beaked C.10,M 53,/. 1463-4. Ind. Ocean. 



13 plicatum 3472 plaited 



14 coroutum 3472 horned 



15 rufum 



3473 red 



Z.M002,/.67. G.tAO, 
/.C. C.2,<.37,/.379-80. 

Jamaica. 

L. t. 1006,/. 70 & 1008, 
/.71. G.tAOj.D. C.2, 
<.35,/.362. Amboyna. 

G.tAOj.F. F.r.26/.D.2. 
C 2, f. 32,/. 341 & 1.33, 
/.346-7. Madagascar. 

0.t.4fl. F. «. 25,/. B. 2. 
C. 2, t. 38, / 381-2. 
E. M. U 406, /. 1-3, & 
tA07,f.2. West Indies. 



17 flammeum 3473 triangular L. 1. 1004,/. 69. F. t. 25, 

Casket /E. C.2,<.34^.353-4. - 



16 tuberosum 3473 Casket 



18 Testiculus 3474 Bonnet Z.M001,/.6. G.t.39,/.C. 

Casket C.2,<.37,/.375-6. 

Jamaica. 

19 decussatum 3474 decussated Z.<.1000,/.65.Gf.<.40,/.B. 

C.2,f.35,/.360-l. 

Mediterranean. 



20 Areola 



3475 smaU dice L. 1. 1012,/ 76. G. t. 29, 

/H. C.2,<.34,/. 355-6. 
E.M.tAOTff.S. Amboyna. 



B U C C I N U M. 



• 106 



Linn, names. 


Gm. 


Engl, mmu 


21 strigatum 


3477 


yellow- 
striped 


22 achatinum 




agate 


23 saburon 




gray casket 


24f granulatum 




granulated 


25 undulatum 


3475 


undulated 



Synonyms. 



Habitat. 



26 inflatum 



inflated 



27 tessellatum 3476 tessellated 



28 bilineatum 3476 smooth, Hel- 

met 

29 cicatricosum 3475 cicatrix 



30 recurviros- 

trum 

31 Cassis 

32 Erinaceus 



3477 recurved- 
beak 

3477 Helmet 

3478 Hedgehog 



33 nodulosum 3479 knobbed 



34 Fimbria 



3479 bordered 



Z.<.1014,/.78. F.^24, 
/. D. C. 10, t. 153, 
/. 1 457-8. Indian Seas. 

E.M.t.407j.l. New Holland. 

Z.M012,/.76. G.t.39, 
f.G. Mediterranean. 

Z.M056,/.g. F.t.25, 
/.A.4. C.2,£.32,/.344- 
S45&34,/.350-2. West Indies. 

Z.<.996,/.61. G.^39, 
/.B. C.11,M86/.1794- 
1795, Mediterranean. 

S.N.M.22,t.959. C.ll, 

M 86,/. 1792-3. Indian Seas« 

L. t. 997, f. 62. F. t. 26, 
/.B.l. C.2,r.36,/.369. 

Amboyna. 

Z. <. 998,/. 63. P.B.Z.4f, 

t.S2j.9. M.p.2U. Britain. 

G.Z.t.l9J.l,2. Indian Ocean. 

Z.M016,/.75. Barbadoes. 

C.10,<.152,/.1456. B. of Naples. 

Z.M015,/.73. G.t.39, 
/. D. & I. C. 2, t. 35, 
/.363. Amboyna. 

S.EinLl,p.SS3yt.2yf.9. u. 

F.r.25,/D.4. C.10,tl53, 
/.1459-60. East Indies. 



106 



B U C C I N U M. 



I. names, 
55 glaucutn 



36 Vibex 



Crfft. EngL names. Synonyms. HabUai. 

3478 glaucous L. <.996,/.60. G. t. 40, 

Amboyna. 



3479 agate casket G.t.S9,f.F. F.t.ZSj.HA. 

C.2,<.85,/.364-6. 



37 papillosum 3479 prickly-lippedZ. t. 969,/ 23. G. U 44, 

/G. C.4,/.125^.1204- 
1205. E.M.tA00,f.2. Java. 



38 Glans 



3480 thread-girded£.r.981,/.40. F.t.SS,f,L. 

C.4,t. 125,/. 1196-8. 
E.M.tAOOj.5. 

Asiatic Ocean. 



39 foliosum 3493 leafy 



I. f. 975,/ 30. G.^44, 
/B. C.2,r.38,/387-8. 

Amboyna. 



40 Arcularia 



41 coronatum 



42 hepaticum 



43 PuUus 



44 Thersites 



3480 broad-lipped L. t. 970,/ 24. G. t. 44, 

/O.Q.&R. C. 2,^41, 
/.409-12. E.M.t.39^, 
/1, 2. China. 

crowned S. Eml. I, p. 329, t. 2,/ 4. 

Br. E.M.p.277. Madagascar. 

small-knobbedilf .p.243, r.8,/1 . L. T.S, 

p. 135. Britain. 

3481 small koffer Z.<.970,/25. G.<.44,/.N. 

Straits of Malacca. 

pale olive Z.<. 971,/.26. C.2,<.41, 

/.413. E.M.t.3Uj.S. 

Asiatic Ocean. 



B U C C I N U M. 



107 



Linn. name$. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, Habitat. 

45 vemiooAum warty L.t,972ff,ft7, East Indies. 

46 gibbosulum 3481 hunchbacked Z. f. 97d,/.28. C.2,t.41, 

/.414-15. Mediterranean. 

47 mutabile 3427 changeable (?.^44,/.R. F.^SS^.S.l. 

[nitidulum.li C, 4, t. ItS, f, 1194. 

E,M.t,394,f.4, Senegal. 

48 neriteum 3481 nerite-shaped 6^. ^ 65,/.C.I. C.5yM66, 

/.1602. E,M.t.$94j',9, 

Mediterranean. 



49 Harpa 



3482 Harp 



L, t. 994,/. 57. G. t. 29, 
/.C.E.&G. C.3,<.119, 
/. 1090. E. M. t, 404, 
/.I -4. East Indies. 



50 cancellatum 3482 latticed C.10,<.152^.1453. Tranquebar. 



51 costatum 3482 ribbed 



52 Persicum 3482 Persian 



F.«.28,/.A.4. C.3,M 19, 
/.1093. Philippines. 

L. t, 987,/. 46. G. t, 51, 

/.H.L. c.s,t.e9j.7eo. 

E.M,t.S97J. 1 . Persian Gulf. 



53 patulum 



54 Monodon 



3483 wide-mouthedZ.<.989,/49. G.t.5l,f,E, 

C.3,r.69,/758-9. 

West Indies. 

3483 spine-lipped F.r.27,/.D.l. C.3,<.69, 

/. 761 & 10, t. 154, 
/.1469-70. E.M.t.39G, 
f.3. Cape Horn. 



55 Haustorium 3498 Scoop 



C.10,M52,/.1449-50. 

New Zealand. 



108 



B U C C I N U M. 



Linn, names. Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. HabiUU, 

56 Concholepas 3697 limpet-8hapedF.l,p.54S,r.4,H.2. C.IO, 

[P, Lepas.^ p,S20j.A.B, 

Straits of Magellan. 

57 Haemastoma 3483 red-lipped jL.^988,/.48. G.t.5l,f.A. 

C.ll,M87,/.1796-7. 

Mediterranean. 



58 armigerum 



armed 



59 luteostomum pallid 

60 lamellosum 3498 lamellar 



C.ll,M87,/.1798-9. SouthSeas. 
C.11,M87,/.1800-1. China. 

C.10,|).179,/.A.B. New Zealand. 



61 crispatum 

62 Lapillus 



63 filosum 

64 sulcatum 

65 sertum 



66 Rusticum 

67 varium 

68 Tuba 

69 Pyrum 



wrinkled C.ll,M87,/.l 802-3. 



3484 purple- 
staining 



L. t. 965,/. 18, 19. C. 3, 
f.l21,/.llll-2. P.B.Z. 
4,r.75,/.l.Z).l,Ml. ilf. 
p.239. Britain, 3rc. 



3486 threaded C.3,M21,/1 113-4. 



u. 



3491 grooved Z.r.976,/.31. C.4,<.124, 

/.1 170-1. Tranquebar. 

cbesnut-stained Z.r.986,/.45. C. 3,t. 121, 

/.1 115-6. E,M.t.397, 
/.2. 



3484 Emerald L.LS3l,f.55. G./.43,/.X. 

C.3,<.120^.1104-5. 



3486 varied 



ir.6,<.23,/.3. C.3,<.121, 
/.1 106. u. 



3484 lengthened C.3,^.94,/.908. Indian Ocean. 
3484 pear-shaped C.3,/.94,/.909-10. RedSea. 



70 plumbeum double-grooved C. 1 1 ,M 88,/. 1806-7. California. 



B U C C I N U M. 



109 



Linn, names. Gm. Engl, names. 

71 spadiceum 3485 chesnut 

72 umbilicatum 3485 umbilicated 

73 candidum 3485 white 



74 crassum 

75 Orbita 



76 Scala 



3485 thick 
3490 globose 



3486 broad-belted 



77 spiratum 3487 acute-spired 



Synonyms. HabUai. 

C.3,r.94,/.91 1. West Indies. 

C.3,^94,/.915. u. 

C.3,/}.191,/.3. u. 

C.3,M20,/.1099,1 100. u. 

C. 10, t. 154, /. 1471-3. 
E.M.t.S9S,f.l. New Zeahuad. 

L.t.l059,f.2. C.3,M18, 
/.1089. E.M.t.422,f.4. 

East Indies. 

L. t. 983,/. 42. c. P. G. 
M01,/.13. C.4,<.122, 
/. 1118. ^.ilf.<.401, 
/.2. 

I.^982,/.42. (j.<.51,/.B. 
C. 4, t. 122, /. 1119. 
E.M.t.^OlJ.3. Ceylon. 

L. t. 97^, f. 29. G. t. 43, 
/.T. C.4,<.122,/.1117. 
E.M.t.4i01,f.l. Tranquebar. 

80 turgidum 3490 red-spotted C.10,<. 154,/. 1475-6. 

New Zealand. 

81 scutulatum 3498 streaked M. U. C. 2,t.55. C. 10, 

|).179,/.C.D. 

82 testudineum 3498 tortoise-shell C. 10,^.1 52,/ 1454. E.M. 

^399,/2. 

83 Cataracta 3498 long-striped C.10,M52,/.1455. 

Cape of Good Hope. 

C. 4, t. 127,/ 1215-16. 
£.ilf.400,/l.a.b. 

Indian Seas* 



78 Zeylanicum 3489 Ceylon 

[glabratum /3]. 

79 glabratum 3489 glossy 



84 Isevissimum 3494 polished 



no 



B U C C I N U M. 



Lmn* names. 

85 cyaneum 

86 lasve 

87 igneum 

88 plumatum 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. 

blueish C.10,M52,/.1448. 

3488 smooth C;4,M24,/.1150. 

3494 rcd-streaked C.4,<.127^.1217. 



HabUat. 
Greenland. 

East Indies. 



u. 



3494 painted L.t.S^2j.4l.h. C.4,MS7, 

/. 121 8-20. Jamaica. 



89 oceUatum 3488 white-eyed C.4,r.l24,/.1160-1. East Indies. 

90 glaberri- 3488 little, smooth C.4,M25,/.1177. u. 



mmn 

91 Nucleus 

92 lineatum 

93 exile 



small 



jL.<.976,/.32. New Zealand. 



small, lineatedC.4,M 25^. 11 86-7. DA, 

LIS. M.p.2^5. Britain, 



3497 small,slender C.4,M25,/.l 190-1. 



u. 



94 praerosum 3489 carious C9,M21,/.1035-6. 

Aqueduct at Seville. 



95 Cochlidium 



96 australe 



indented spireC. 1 1 ,t. 209,/. 2053-4. 

Islands in the South Seas : L. 



3490 southern 



97 undosum 



98 affine 



99 fumosum 



B.t. 13,/. 18, 19. C. 9, 
M 20,/. 1033-4. E.M. 
r.449,/.l. 

New Zealand. Fr. w. 



3490 undulated Z.f.938,/.33. C.4,<.122, 

/.1126-7. E.M.tMfi, 
f.5. Amboyna. 

3490 brown-stripedA^.2,t.l4,/.4,5. C.4,r.l23, 

/. 1 1 35 . South Seas. 



smoky 



C. 4, M 23, upper/. 1145- 
1146. u. 



B U C C I N U M. 



lU 



Zffifi. names, Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat, 

100 Indicum 3495 Indian C.4,M 28,/. 1138-9. Eastlndies. 

101 Tranqueba- 8491 Tranquebar C.4,M 28, lower/. 11 46-9. 

E.M.i.4f22^.6. Coromandel. 



ricum 
102 versicolor 8491 lurid 

108 cruentatum 8491 red-spotted 
104 Bezoar 8491 Bezoar 



105 bulbosum 



bulbous 



106 glaciale 8491 keel-ridged 



C.4,t. 1 28, lower/ 1145. 

East Indies. 

C.4,M28,/.1143-4. u. 

C.8,<.68,/.754-5. China. 

Z.<.894,/14. K.5,t.ih 
/2. C.8,^68,/750-8. 
E.M.t.4i34iff. 1 . Tranquebar. 

C. 10, t. 152, f. 1446-7. 
E.M.t.S99j.3. D.5, 
t.l54. M.Suppl.p.l09. 

Northern Ocean. 



107 undatum 8492 wave ribbed L. t. 962,/ 14. F. t. 82, 

/D. C.4,*.126,/1206- 
1211. P. i?. Z. 4, ^76. 
Z).8,M 04. M.p.ftS7. 
E.M.t.399j.l. Britain, &c. 

L.L96SJ.\7. C.4,M26, 
/1212. E.M.t. 400, 
f.3. Norway. 

C.10,M54,/1477. Otaheite. 

C.4,M26/.1218-14. 

Coast of Mexico. 



108 papyraceum paper 



109 Tahitense 8498 Otaheite 

110 porcatum 8494 rugged 

111 lyratum 8494 lyre 

112 Pyrozonias 8488 double- 

streaked 



C.4,M27,/1221-2. 
C.8,M09,/.1017. 



u. 
u. 



118 textum 8498 turreted C4,M25,/. 1201-2. 



u. 



ft 



Lnm» names, Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms, Hahiiat, 

42 duplicatum double-whirled Z. ^,837,/. 64. G. t, 57, 

/.N. C.4,M55,/.1455. 

Indian Ocean. 



14 



B U C C I N U M. 



43 cinereum 3405 steel-gray 

44 succinctum 3502 girted 

45 Acus 3502 Needle 

46 lanceatum 3501 Lancet 



-B.p.267,M0,/.ll,12. Amboyna. 

C.4,t. 1 54,/. 1 45 1 . East Indies. 

C.4,M54,/.1449. u. 

G.t.SGj.G. P.Amb.tlS, 
/.20. C.4,e.l54,/.1450. 

Amboyna. 



47 dimidiatum 3501 orange and -E.^57,/.I.M. F.tAOj,Y. 

wb. striped C.4,M54,/.1444. China. 



48 murinum 

49 pertusum 



Africa. 



3502 mouse-col. L.S.N.pA206. 

hoUow-dotted 5. MO,/. 13. C.4,M55, 

/.1457. V. 



50 hastatum 3502 Javelin 

51 Phallus 3503 sinuated 

52 bifasciatum 3504 two-banded 

53 radiatum 3504 radiated 

54 virgineum 3505 fresh-water 



C.4,M54,/.1453-4. u. 

C.4,M55,/.1464-5. East Indies. 

P.t,53J,5, 

G.t.52,f.D. Coast of Naples. 
L.t.U3,f.7, P.<.104,/.8. 



55 Adcula 

56 asperum 

57 Chalis 

58 nanum 

59 nigropunc 

tatum 



Rivers in Virginia. 

minute-pointed G.t.6,/.B.B. il/.t.8,/.3. 

Britain, &c. in dry moss. 

L.t.925. u. 



3503 rough 
3497 Chalis 



C.4,M25^.1192. 
C.4,M 25,/. 11 76. 
- 3497 black-dotted 6r.<.44,/.F. 



3497 dwarf 



u. 
u. 
u. 








« 



^ ^ ^ '5< '^ "ul 

f (^ I i ^ » 




jire'riATJif. 




JX^ 




fMiex^ 




7Jf / 




*••'-♦ SA /< 



47 «5^ *»/ 



4P a 




% 



#^^ 





^#r 




9^m^ 





94 b 



96 6 i 



99^* ^. mr ee. 








/(pjf «K't 




ftJS «,♦ ^. /iP4 / ^94 






SrA '>5U^* ^-'r 





//^«fr 



//f cr^ //J ^ 




//4 



t 




^ 



//tf«ef 



/cr'i?'^ /iW ♦ 



//• 



/»/» t 



/ 



^ 



E rrrr\rM. 




STROMBUS. 



115 



Linn, names. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, HabUatm 

160 striatum 3477 striated Gr.Z.t.ldJ.lS. America. 

161 trifasciatum red-banded G,t.^4,f.A. u. 

single-streaked J&.MJ.397,/. 6. u. 

Norwegian E.M.t.399^.5. Norway, 

stained E.M.t.400,f.7. u. 

spiral tower C. 4, t. 124, f. 1172-3 & 

M25,/.l 174-5. E.M. 



162 imifiisciale 

163 Norwegicum 

164 maculosum 

165 Turns 



166 crassilabrum 

167 cingulatum 

168 dcntatum 

169 gemmulatum 

170 Pseudonum 



<.S94,/.6. 
thick-lipped E.M.t.396,f.2. 
belted E.M.t.396,f.4. 

toothed E.M.t.39e,f.5. 

folded E.M.t.397j.3. 

false-toothed ^.^.C.p. 184,^26^.2. 



171 strombiforme strombus-shaped B,E. C.p. 1 84,<.26,y*. 3. 



Guinea, 
u. 
u. 
u. 
u. 
u. 
u. - 



XXV. STROMBUS. SCREW. 



1 Fusus 



2 Unicomus 



3 fissus 



3506 Spindle 



Unicorn 



slit 



i2 



Z.^854,/.12. C.4,M58, 
/. 1495-6. JE:.^.<.411, 
/.I. Red Sea. 

L. t. 916, /. 9. F. t. 34, 
/. B. 3. C. 4, t. 159, 
/.1 500. East Indies. 

F.t.79j.Y. C.ll,<.195. 
A./.1869. u. 



\ 



116 STROM BUS. 

Zffui. names, Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Hakkat. 

4 Pes-Pelecani 3507 4-fingered L. t. 865 & 866,/. 21. b. 

G. U 53, /. A. B. & C. 
C. 3, i. 85, /. 848-50. 
P.B.Z.^,t.7S. Z).l,p.4. 
M.p.i53. Britain, &c. 

5 Chiragra 3507 Devil's claw Z. f. 870,/. 24. G.t.5S, 

/B. C.3,r.86/.853-4. 

& 87,/.856-7. China. 

6 Scorpiua 3508 Scorpion L. t. 867,/ 22. 6^.t.36, 

/.C. C.3,<.88/.860. 

Amboyna. 

7 Lambis 3508 Spider Z.<.866^.21. G.t.36, 

/A.B. C.3,t.87,/.858- 

859. E.M.t.^\Oj.%. Batavia. 

8 Bryonia 3520 blunt-tipped L. t. 882,/ 4, & f. 931. 

F.^2lJ.E.l.&2. C.i, 
^93,/.904-5. East Indies. 

9 Millepeda 3509 Millepede Z.f.868-9. F.f.22,/A.6. 

C.3,<.88,/.861-2. E.M. 

t.4 1 0,/ 1 . Coromandel. 

10 lentiginosus 3510 pink-lipped Z. t. 860,/ 17. F. <. 20, 

/.B.2. C.3,e. 82,/833.4. 

Jamaica. 

11 poly&sciatus many-banded C.10,f.l 55^. 1483-4. Red Sea. 

12 Callus 3511 Plough Z.^ 874,/ 30. Cr.<.32, 

/M. C.3,<.84^.843-5. 
E. M. i. 408, / 1, & 
«.409,/2. West Indies. 

'3 Papiho Butterfly C.10,M58,/1510-11. E.Indies. 



STROMBUS. 



117 



Linn, names, 
14 fasciatus 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HdbkUU. 

35 10 banded L. t. 860, /. 1 7. F. t. 20, 

West Indies. 



15 laciniatus sinuated C.10,M 58,/. 1506-7. Eastlndies. 

16 AurisDianae 3512 Diana's ear Z.^ 872,/. 28. G^. ^32, 

/.D.H. C.3,<.84,/.888- 
839. J?.M.f.409,/.3.Amboyna. 

17 Pugilis 3512 thick, spined G.t.S2,f.B. C.3,f.81, 

/.830.31. E.M.t.4iOB, 

fA. West Indies. 

18 marginatus margined L,S.N.p.l2Q9. China. 

19 Luhuaniu 3513 Lohoe broad- Z.t. 850 & 851. G. f. 31, 

lip /H.I. C.3,*.77,/.789- 

791. 

20 gibberulus 3514 Pouter L.t.S47J.l. (r.f.l3/.N. 

C.3,r,77^.792-4. Amboyna. 

21 Oniscus 3514 Wood-louse Z.f.791,/.44. (r.^22,/1. 

C.ll,e.l95. A,/.l872. 
1873. West Indies. 

22 Oigas 3515 Giant Z.r.886-8. 6^.t.54^.M. 

C. 3, <. 80, /. 824 & 11, 
<.195,B. 

23 latissimus 3516 broad Giant Z.^856&862. C.3,t.82, 

/.832&t.8S,/.835. China. 

24 Accipiter spinous Z.<.863,/.18. C.3,<.81, 

/.829. Asiatic Ocean. 

25 Epidromis 3516 mottled fawn L. t. 853, /. 10. F. i. 20, 

/.A.6. C.3,<.79^.821. 

Amboyna. 

G.t.SlJ.L. CIO, M56, 
/.1491.2. 



26 minimus 3516 least 



118 



STROMBUS. 



Linn, names. 
27 Canarium 

its vittatus 



Gm. Engl, names. 
3517 Partridge 



Synonyms. 



Habitat. 



3517 ribbon 



29 sulcatus 



sulcated 



80 auccinctus 3518 girdled 



31 FisBurella 3518 slit-lipped 



32 Urceus 



3518 Pitcber 



33 Erythrinus 



nodulous 



34 tridentatus 3519 3-toothed 



35 dentatus 3519 toothed 



Z.^853/.9. (?.<.32,/.N. 

C.3,<.79^.818. Amboyna. 

L. U 852^. 8. P. G. t. 98, 

/12. C.3,«.79^.819-20 

& 822-3. E.M.t. ^09, 

L.t.852j.S. F.t.ftOj.A.4. 
C.11,M95. A./. 1870- 
1871. China. 

Z.<.859/.16. G.t.S3j.B. 

C.3,<.79,/.815-16. Amboyna. 

F.t.79,f.Y. C.4,<.158, 
/1498-9. E.M.tAlh 
f.3. East Indies. 

L.t.S57,f.lS. G.t.3%, 
/. E & G. C. 3, t. 78, 
/. 803-9. 

C.11,M95.A./.1874.5. 

Red Sea. 

Z.^ 858,/. 14. G.t.33, 
f. C. D. C. 10, t 157, 
/.1 503. Amboyna. 

C.10,M57,/.1501-2. 

Isle of France. 



36 Vexillum 3520 Banner C.10,M57^.1504-5. Eastlndies. 

37 Norwegicus 3520 Norwegian C.10,M 57,/. 1497-8. Norway. 

38 tuberculatus 3521 tuberculated C.4,f. 157,/. 1490. B.t.lO, 

f.ie,l7. Seb.t.55J.2\. 

Mediterranean. 





tr 

^f Vf T^ 



M U R E X. 



119 



Xmfi. names. 
39 palustris 



40 ater 



41 auritus 

42 lividus 

43 costatus 

44 raninus 



Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. HahUat. 

3521 marsh Z. <. 837,/. 63. F.t.U, 

/. A. 1. C. 4, t. 156, 
/.1 472. East Indies. 

3521 black /.. t. 115,/ O. F. U 6i; 

/ H. 11. C. 9, t. 35, 

/ 1 227. Marshes in Amboyna. 

3522 cared Z.«.121,/16. C.9,t.l36, 

/ 1 265-6. Guinea. Fr. w. 

3523 livid C. 9,M 36,/ 1269-70. u. 



ribbed 



/).3,r.94. M.p.255. Britain. 



thin-lipped K.6ft.29jf.S. 



u. 



XXVI. MUREX. ROCK. 



3 Scolopax 

4 Tribulus 



1 Haustellum 3524 Snipe Z. ^ 903,/ 23. G.^30, 

/E. C.3,<.115,/1066. 

Amboyna. 

2 Motacilla 3530 Nightingale C. 10,M 63,/ 15 63. Eastlndies. 

thorny Snipe C.ll,M89,/1819-20. Red Sea. 

3525 thorny L. t 902, f. 22. G. t. 31, 

Woodcock /A. C.3,M13,/1053- 

1056. Amboyna. 

3525 homed Snipe Z.f. 901^:21. G.t.30j.D, 

C.3,M14/.1057. 

6 Brandaris 3526 short-beaked £.(.900,/.20. G.t.30j.F. 

Snipe C.3,t.ll4,/1058-61. 

Mediterranean. 



5 comutus 



120 



M U R E X. 



. names. 
7 Trunculus 



8 Rostrium 

9 Pomum 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HabitaL 

3520 Tyriandye /..«.947,/.42. G.t.SlJ.C. 

C.3,<.109,/.1018-20. 

Mediterranean. 

Rosary C.10,<.161,/.1528-9. u. 

3527 apple-shaped Z.f.944^.d9. a. K.S^t.d, 

/.I. C.3,<.109,/.1021- 
102S&110/.1024.5. 

Mediterranean. 



10 miliaris 



3536 scabrous 



A^.3,<.29,/.5. C.10,M61, 
/.1532.5. E.M.pUld, 
y.l.a.b. &y*.7.a.b. 

Nicobar Islands. 



11 melanama 
thos 



3527 black-spined C.3,M08,/.1015. E.M. 

1.41 8,/.2. East Indian Seas. 

12 ramosus 3528 branched L. t. 946, /. 41. G. t. S7, 

f. D. G. H. I. L. C. 3, 
1.102-6^.980-97. West Indies. 

C.10,M6V. 1538-9. 

New Zealand. 



13 foliatus 



3529 foliated 



14 Lingua 

15 tripterus 



Goree. 



Sheep's tongue C.10,M61,/. 1540-1. 

3530 subtriangular ^. t. 10,/. 18, 19. C. 3, 

M 10,/. 1031-2. E.M. 
<.417,/3. Batavia. 

16 triqueter 3530 3-warted C.3,1.111,/1038. E.M. 

<.417,/1&4. China. 

G. <.37,/.M. F. I. 36, 
/G.3.G.4. C.3,<.106, 
/.998-1003. Amboyna. 

F.<.36,/.K. K.5,t.dJ.2. 

C.3,<.107,/.1004-10. 



17 Scorpio 3529 Scorpion 



18 saxatilis 3529 Endive 



M U R £ X. 



121 



Linn, names, 
19 erinaceus 



21 Rana 



23 crasras 



Gm, EngL names. Synonyms, Habitat, 

3530 rough ridge4 ^* <• ^d./. H. C, S, t.l 10, 

/.1026-8. E,M,t,4n, 
f,\, Z).l,t.35. ilf.p.259. 

Britain, &c. 



20 Sacellum 3530 corded 



3531 Frog 



22 spinosus 3531 spiny Frog 



thick Frog 



24 Gyrinus 3531 whirled 



C.10,<.163/.1561-2. 

Nicobar Islands. 

Z.<.995,/.58. G.<.49,/.L. 
C. 4, M 33, /.1 268-71. 
E,M,t,^\%,f,^, Amboyna. 

£. f.949,/.44. F.^. 32, 
f, B. 2. K, 3, t, 7,y« 5. 
E,M,UMtif,b, Tranquebar. 

F.<.32,/.B.4. C.4,^.133, 
/.1 272-3. £.ilf.p/.412, 
/.4.a.b. Madagascar. 

Zi.<.939,/.34. (7.<.49,/.E. 
C. 4, «. 127,/. 1224-7. 
F.ilf.t.412,/.2. 

Mediterranean. 



25 bitubercularis 2-knobbed £.ilf.l.412,/.6. 



u. 



26 bufoniua 



3534 toad-shaped F.I.32,/.B.l. C.ll,t.l92, 

/.1845-6. F.ilf.t.412, 
/.I. South Seas. 



27 Argus 



3547 Argus 



28 Lampas 3532 granulated 



K,5,t,S,f,S, C.10,M60, 
/.1 522. E,M,t,4iUJ,9. 

Amboyna. 

L.^. 1023,/. 88. (j.1.50, 
/D. C.4,<.129,/.1238- 
1239. JB.Af.<.420,/.3. 

Mediterranean. 



122 



M U R E X. 



Linn, names. 
29 Olearium 



30 Parthenopus 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HabitaL 

3532 OaJar L.t.9S7,f.S2. G.tA9J.G. 

C.4,M 30,/. 1242-3. 

Mediterranean. 

tawny-yellow Jr.5,t.21,/.l. C. 4, M31, 

/.1252.8. E.M.t.4ie, 
f.S. Bay of Naples. 



31 lyratus 3531 lyre-shaped C.10,<. 169,/. 1634. 

New Zealand. 

32 Femorale 3533 triangular Z.^941^.37. G.L50J.C. 

C.3,M 1 1,/ 1039. Ceylon. 

33 cutaceus 3533 rough-skinned Z.^942^.38. C.3,M18, 

/.1085-6. E.M.tAU, 

/.2. West Indies. 



34 Lotorium 



3533 angulated 
OilJar 



35 Pileare 



3534 nodulous 
OUJar 



L. U 934,/ 29. F. t. 34, 
/. G. 4. C. 4, U 130, 
/.1246.9. -E.ilf.U15, 
/2. Amboyna. 

G.t.idJ.A. C. 4,1.130, 
/.1243&131,/1250-1. 
iE.ilf.^415,/.3-4. 

Mediterranean. 



36 conditus 



3565 mottled 
OUJar 



C.10,^.162,/1544.5. 



u. 



37 maculosus 3548 spotted 



38 Spengleri 



L. 1. 1022^. 86. F. t. 33, 
/. X. 2. C. 10, ^162, 
/.1552-3. E.M.tAU, 
/.I. Amboyna. 

Spengler's C.l 1,1. 191, /.1 839-40. 

New South Wales. 



M U R E X. 



123 



Lmn* names, 
39 Pyrum 



40 Clavator 



Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat, 

3534 Pear (7.t.37,/.F. F,L34J,A,2. 

K.2,t.7,f.2,3. C.3, 
t.l 12,/.1040-4. Coromandel. 

club-shaped C.ll,t.l90,/.1825-6. Ceylon. 



41 caudatus 3535 caudated 



4£ Rubecula 3535 Footman 



L.t.S93,f.B. C.3,t,U2, 
/.1 045-7. Coromandel. 

G.f.49,/. F. & I. F.<.34, 
/.G.1.&G.3. C.4,L132, 
/.1259-67. Red Sea. 

43 Scrobiculator 3535 violet-throated ZX943,/.39. G.t.49j,B. 

C. 10, t, 163,/. 1556-7. 
E,M,t,^l 4,/. 1 . Mediterranean. 

44 reticularis 3535 reticulated Z. ^. 935,/. 30. G. t. 49, 

/.M. C.4,^. 128,/. 1228. 
i&.il/.<.413,/.l. 



45 Anus 



3536 Grimace 



46 Mulus 



Mule 



47 neritoideus 3537 Mulberry 



48 Nodus 



3537 Chesnut 



L. t. 833,/. 57. G. t. 37, 

/.B.E. C.2,f.41,/.403- 

404.£.ilf.<.413,/.3.a.b. 

Amboyna. 

G.t.3lJ.D. F,t.3lJ.li.2. 
C.2,^41,/.405-6. 

Coasts of Hitoe. 

Z.^804,/.12,13. F.<.24, 
/.A.l. C.3,<.101,/972- 
973. E,M.t,395j.7. 

Coromandel. 

Z.^. 991,/. 53. P,t. 19, 
/.lO. C.3,<.100/.956- 
958. Jamaica. 



124 



M U R E X. 



LnM» flOM€S» 

49 Fucus 



50 Hystrix 



51 Ricinus 3537 Spur 



52 Mancinella 

53 Hippocasta- 

num 

54 nodatuB 

55 lacerus 



56 plicatus 

57 morbosus 



Gm. Engl, names* Synonyms. HahsUU. 

3538 black-eyed L. L 990,/. 50. G. U 66, 

/. B. B. C. 3, i. 100, 
/.959-60. Guinea. 

3538 Porcupine (7.I.28/.R. C.3,M01, 

f.97^5. East Indies. 

(?.<.28,/.N. K.l,t.25, 
f.5fi. C.3,«. 102,976-7. 
E.M.S95^.7. China. 

3538 Mancinella L.t.957^.9. C.3,f. 101, 

/.967-8. Amboyna. 

3539 Horse-chet- P.Amh.tAj.l2. P.t.24, 

nut /.C.l. C.3,<.99^.945.6. 

E.M.tAS2jA,5. Batavia. 

3536 kik>bbed M. U. C.2,1.5 1 . New Holbmd. 

carinated L.I. 958,/. 11. P.f.lOl, 

/18. C.3,M00,/.951- 
953. Guinea. 

plaited C. 3,1. 100,/. 954-5. East Indies. 

marbled L. U 990,/. 51. b. & 991, 

/.52. C.4,I.123^.1140. 

West Indies. 



58 senticosus 3539 cancellated G.U5\J.G.l. F.t.Sl^.L. 

C. 4, 1. 155, /. 1466-7. 
£.3f.C.419|/.3. Amboyna. 

59 Melongena 3540 open-mouthed £. t. 904,/. 24. G. t. 26, 

/.F. C.2,C.39^.389-92. 
E.M.tASSJ'.S.tL-e. 

60 calcaratus 3540 browmsh- P.ifmi.f.8,/.ll. (7.C.31, 

white /F. C.2,<.40/398.9. 

[Mehngena /3-^.] 



M U R E X. 



125 



Ztnn. names. 

61 Consul 

62 stramineus 

63 Virgo 

64 clavatulus 

65 gibbosus 

66 virgineus 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, Habitat, 

S550 ventricose C.10,I.160,/.1516-1 7. E. Indies. 

3542 straw-co- P.t.79j.S. C.10,«.160, 

loured /.1 520-1 . New Zealand. 

corded E.M.tA39j.2. u. 

crowned Tower C.ll,t.l90^.1831-2. Guinea. 

3564 gibbous C. 1 1 , M 90,/. 1 829-30 & 

1833-4. Red Sea. 

Virgm Tower C.ll,«. 190,/. 1835-6. Guinea. 



67 Babylonius 3541 Tower of L,t.l9,f,U, (?.<.52,/.N. 

Babel C, 4, t. 143,/. 1331-2. 



68 Javanus 



3543 Javan 
ITurris.'] 



69 tomatus 



70 dubius 



71 Colus 



-E.ilf.<.439^.1,5&6. 

Ambojrna. 

F.t.33J.C.5, CA,t.U3, 
/.1 334-5. B.E.C.tAS, 
f.5, E,M,t,4^39,f.3. Java. 

3541 white Tower C.4,M 43^. 1336-8. Tranquebar. 
[Javanfis,'] 

C.4,M 50,/ 1396-7. 



3543 doubtful 

[asper,'] 

3543 Spindle 



u. 



7% colosseus 
73 longicaudus 



great 



L, t, 917, / 10 & 918. 
G.t,52j,L, C.4,M44, 
/ 1839 & 1342. E,M, 
<.423^.4,5,&424,/4. 

Amboyna. 

E.M.t.427J,ft, 



long-beaked Z.^918. E,M,t,4f23,/.2. 

Amboyna. 

74 striatuluB 3557 transversely C.4,M46,/1351-2. u. 

striated 



]26 



M U R E X. 



Zifm. names. 

75 Lancea 

76 versicolor 



Gm, EngL names* Synonyms, 

3556 narrow C.4,M45,/.1347. 



Habitat. 
Amboyiuu 



3556 changeable K.S.LUJ.I. C.4,M46, 

/.1 348. East Indies. 



77 verrucosus 3557 warty 

78 Morio 3544 Helmet 



79 Cochlidium 3544 brown- 
streaked 



80 Tuba 



81 Spirillus 



3554 Trumpet 



CA,t. 1 46,/. 1 349-50. Red Sea. 

L. t. 988,/. 22. F. U 35, 
/. B. 1. C. 4, t. 139, 
/.1 300-1. E.MAASO, 
/.3,4. West Indies. 

C.10,t.l64,/.1569. E.M. 

t.434^.2. East Indies. 

C.4,<. 143,/. 1333. E.M. 
tA2ej,2. China. 



3544 blunt-tipped KA,t.24,/.S. C.3,t.U5, 

/.1069. E.M.tASlJA. 

Malabar. 



82 canaliculatus 3544 channelled Z.t.878,/.2. G.tATj.A, 

C.3,t.67/.742.3. E.M. 
l.436,/.3. Canada. 



83 Carica 



3545 keeled 



L. t. SSO.f. 3.h. G.t.^7, 
f.B. C.3,l.67,/.744& 
69,/.756-7. E.M.tA3S, 
f.3. 



84 cariniferus 

85 Ficus 



u. 
u. 



86 clandestinus 3471 double- 
lipped 
[B. caudatum fi.^ 



wave-edged jB.ilf.f.423,/.3. 

3545 fig-shaped G.t.2e,f.^, C.10,M63, 

/. 1564-if & 11, «. 193, 
/.1 853. Red Sea. 

Z.^940,/.36. A^.6,t. 29, 
/.5. C.11,M93,/.1856- 
1857. E.M.t.433j.l. u. 



M U R £ X. 



127 



Lmn, names. 
87 Aruanus 



Gm* Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat, 

3546 spine-crown. F, t. SS^f.M, C, 4,j5. 148, 



88 perversos 8546 reversed 



89 antiquus 3546 antiquated 



China. 



Z.^ 907,/. 27. F. t,2S, 
f.H.2. C.9,M06,/.904- 
907. E,M.t,4SSj.4. 

West Indies. 

Z.<.913,/.4. C.4,f. 138, 
/1 292-4. E.M,t,426, 
f.5. P.B.ZAyt,8l, D.l, 
LSI, M,p.256, Britain, &c. 



90 Magellanicus 3548 leafy ribbed C.4,M39,/.1297.il/.r/.C. 

1,^6. E.M.t,4l9J.4, 

Straits of Magellan. 

91 acanthopterus foliated E,M,t,4!l7,f.2, 



V, 



92 fornicatus 3547 arched 



C, 4, t, 138, /. 1295. 

S,Einl, 1 ,t, S,f,5, Greenland. 



93 despectus 3547 despised E. M, t, 426,/. 4. D.5^ 

t, 1 80. Northern Ocean. 



94 subantiquatus great, worn 



95 Tritonis 



3549 Triton 



C.4,M38,/.1293&1296. 
Z).4,^.119. M,p.St57. 
Z.Z.8,p.l47. Britain. 

L,t.959,f, 12. G. <.48, 
/A. C.4,M34,/.1277, 
& t. 135, /. 1282-3. 
-£?.ilf.^421,/.2. Amboyna. 



96 vulpinus 3558 foxy 

97 Pusio 3550 Wreath 



J?.;).317,M1,/.10,11. 



u. 



Z.f.914,/7. G.t.52,f.l, 
F,t.53j.l. C.4,M47, 
/.1 537. Mediterranean. 



128 



M U R E X. 



£tfifi. namei. 
98 Tulipa 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HabUai. 

3550 Tulip Z./.910&911. G.t.46, 

/. A. E. C. 4, t. 136, 
/.1286-7. E.M.tA3l, 
/,2. West Indies. 



99 dathratus 3551 ribbed 
100 lameUosus 3536 lamellar 



L.t.92ej.l9. 



Iceland. 



101 Scala 



F.<.37i/.H.l. JT. 4,<.30, 
/.2. C.11,M90/.1823- 
1 824. Straite of Magellan. 

3551 Ladder C.4,p.l,/.a.b.c. East Indies. 



102 Fiscellum 3552 short-beaked C.10,(.160,/.1524-5. 

Pulo Condore. 



103 undatus 

104 virgatus 

105 Corona 

106 Dolarium 



waved 



nodulous 
3552 crowned 



107 comeus 



C.11,^.192^.1851-2. 

Tranquebar. 

C.4,M23/.1441-2. Eastlndies. 

C. 10, t. 161, /. 1526-7. 
EM.tASOj.2. G.of Mexico. 

3552 narrow-beltedJT. 2, t. 24,/.5 & 5, ^.3^.5. 

C. 3, t. 118,/. 1087-8. 
E.M.tMOj. 1 . Portugal. 

3552 slenderhom L.t.9lSjf.5. C.4,^. 141, 

/.1S12-13. E.M.tA29, 
/.2. P.B.ZA,t.79j.2. 
Z).2.^38. M.p,25S. Britain,&c. 



108 lineatus 3559 lined 



C.10,«.164,/.1572. E.M. 
^429^.4. New Zealand. 



109 sexcostatus 



6-ribbed E.M.tA4>lJ.8.Si.h. 



u. 



110 Nassa 3551 rough 



Z,.<.828^.50. iiC.6,f.20, 
/.7. Guine 



M U R E X. 129 

Lmn, names. Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

111 Aplustre American flag C. 11, M 91, /.1 84 1-2. 

Friendly Islands. 

112 Trapezium 3552 striped Zi.t. 931,/. 26. G.t.46, 

Tower /.B. C.4,MS9,/.1298- 

1299. E.M.t.4Sl,f.S. 

Amboyna. 

113 polygonus S555 many-angled C. 4, t. 140,/. 1306-9 & 

M41/.1314-16. E.M. 
t.^23yf. 1 . Isle of France. 

114 Vespertilio 3553 reddish- L. /. 884,/. 6. a. F.t.2S, 

brown /. L. 2. C. 4, t. 142, 

/. 1323-4 & 1326-7. 
E.M.t.^S^J.S. Tranquebar. 

115 Scolymus 3553 flesh-coloured C.4,M42,/. 1325. u. 

116 Tematanus 3554 Temate L. t. 892,/. 12. F. t. 35, 

f. B. 6. C. 4, t. 140, 
/.1304.5. A'.4,M5,/4 
& ^ 26,/. 1 . Isl. of Temate. 

117 Columbari»mi3559 white-beltedC.10,M 69,/. 1637-8. 

Friendly Islands. 

118 Infundibulum3554 funnel-shapedZ./.921,/14. C.4,M43, 

/.A. E.M.t.42^J.2. W. Indies. 

119 Syracusanus 3559 Syracuse F.^34,/.D.2. C.10,M62, 

[asperrimtu.'] /.1 542-3. Mediterranean. 

120 Perron 3559 shelving C.10,M 64,/ 1573-4. South Seas. 

121 craticulatus 3554 net-whirled L.t.9l9,f.l3. K.2,t.3,f.e. 

C.4,t. 149,/ 1382-3. 
E.M.t.^29,f.3, Mediterranean. 

122 Pardalis 3557 Leopard K.2,t.3J.i>. C.4,M49, 

/.1 384. u. 

K 



130 



M U R E X. 



£jiifi. names, Om, Engl, names. Synonyms, Habiiai, 

123 prismaticas 5559 prismatic C. 10,1.1 69,/. 1635-6. 

Friendly Islands. 

124 Mareccensis 3558 Morocco F. t. 3S,f.A.6. C.9,1.105, 

/.896. Morocco. 

125 Harpa 3554 Harp C.4,M 42^. 1328-30. u. 

126 Bamffius Bamffian D, 5, 1. 169 J.l, L. T. 8» 

p.l49. M,SuppLp,ll7, 

Scotland. 



127 gracilis 

128 attenuatos 

129 Nebula 

130 costatus 

131 proximus 

132 septangularis 

133 Turricula 

134 rufus 

135 sinuosus 



136 



137 purpureus 



elegant ^ D. t, 169,/.2. M.p. 267 

& 586,f.l5]/.5. Britain. 

tapering ilf .|9. 266, 1. 9,/. 6. L,T. 

|9.143. 

clouded Ar.|j. 267,<.15^.6. L,T, 

8,|9.143. 

high-ribbed P.B.Z,4^,t,S2,f.fi. Z).3, 

1.91. M.p.ies, 



eleven-ribbedilf . SuppLp, 1 1 8,1. 30^.8. 

Scotland. 

seven-angled Z).5,l. 179,/. 4. ilf.p.l68, 

t,d,f,5, Britain. 

8mall-toweredAr.|j.262,<.9,/.l. L, T,S, 

p.U4. 

red M.p,2eS. L,T,S,p.U5, 

channel-lippedilf.p.264,l.9,/.8. L. T. 8, 

p. 145. II 

linear ilf.|9.261,<.9,/.4. L.T,S, 

p.148. ■ 

purple 3f.|9.260,t.9,/.3. -—.^ 



MUREX. 131 

Linn, names, Om, Engl, names. Synonyms, Habiiat, 

138 muricatus rasp M.p,2e2,t.9,f,2. L.T,B, 

p.l49. Britain. 

139 minutissimus minute M.p.ft7S, L. r.3,p.65 8c 

8,p.l49. 

140 arenosus 3558 sea-sand iS'.£tn/.l,p.644. India. 

141 Scriptus 3554 Character L,S.N.pA225. Mediterranean. 

U2 Obeliscus 3542 Chinese Z.M018,/.80. G.t.5e, 

ISmensis.'] Obelisk f.M, C,4,M57,/.1489. 

E,M,t,44i9^,4. West Indies. 

143 Vertagus 3560 curve-beakedZ.M020,/.83. G.L57, 

/.D. C.4,<.156,/.1479 
& 157,/. 1480. E. M. 
tA^Sj'.Z. Amboyna. 



144 curvirostris cross-beaked C.4,M56,/.1748. 

145 plicatulus 3561 white-plaited Z.MOl 7,/. 79. G.t.57j 

/.A, C.4,M57^.1488. - 

146 Aluco 3560 Caterpillar L, t, 1017,/. 79. G, t, 57, 

/.A. C.4,M56,/.1478. 
E.M.t.USj.5. 

147 nodulosus nodulous L. U 1025,/. 87. G, t, 57, 

/.G. C.4,M56,/1473- 
1474. £.^.<.44«/.3. - 



148 Adansoni Adanson's (j.f.57,/.B. A,t,\0^f,Z, 

River Gambia. 

149 Qava 3565 club-shaped C.10,p.233,/.A.B. 

Pulo Condore. 

150 uncinatus 3542 grappling S.Fluss,t.S,f,15, v, 

151 atratus 3564 blackish £.27.327,M 1^.17,1 8. u. 

k2 



132 



M U R E X. 



Linn, names. 

152 alucoides 

153 ebeninus 



Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Hahitai. 

marbled L. 1. 1019. G. t. 56,/. L. 

F.t.S9,f.C.l. Mediterranean. 

deep black F. /. 79,/. lower N. CIO, 

<.162j:i548-9. E.M. 
^442,/.l. New Holland. 



154 fuscatus 3562 prickly 



155 torulosus 3563 ringed 



156 iluviatilis 3562 river 



Z.M21,/. 17. F. t.S9, 
/. C. 19. C. 9,<.136, 
/.1267-8. 

Senegal : mouth of rivers. 

Z.M21,/16. C.4,<.157, 
/. 1486 & 10, t. 164, 
/. 1 5 75-6. East Indies. 

Z.M22,/.20. G.t.SSj'.F. 
C.4,M55,/.1459. 
Rivers of Senegal, within reach 
of the tide. 



157 marginatus 

158 serratus 

159 asper 



margined 0.^56,/.H. 



East Indies. 



serrated M. U. C2,f .58. Friendly Islands. 

3563 rough-grained L. 1. 1020,/. 84. F. t. 39, 

/. C. 18. C. 4, t. 157, 
/1 483. West Indies. 



160 granulatus 



grained 



P.Amb. t. 7, f. 12. C.4, 
«. 157,/. 1492. E.M. 
t.4i4!2,f.4i. Asiatic Ocean. 



161 Moluccanus 3563 grooved 



162 semi-grano- 
sus 



Z.M021,/. 85. G.t.57, 
/.E. C.4,M57,/.1484- 
1 485.^.ilf .t.442,/.2.Moluccas. 

half-grained E.M.L^4t3j.l. New Holland. 






J\ll BMX, 




jj6 





yr## 




♦ J4 e 



^J tC ,96 r 




J/^ 




t •'**•! 









4* €g ♦ 



ASfi 



-#^< 







46 ^ ^ tf. 4S a ♦ 





-#^<r 



>« 











'St *f ^, 



'^U* 






6/ ^ 





S/ff^ ^Jfw ^9^ 6f^ 








6Ji^ 4i^«^t 



^^a^* 



4*1^ -¥ ^^ ^ <y 








//»«f 













'/t4 ^* 











f« 




»7«t 





AfrXJBTC 







JY.tT. 




^tL* 





99**^ 



iree * ^*^ " * 



/fi/U ♦ 









M^4^ 4«tf/ ^ 




/0*m, 




/ffm 








ine /Ai»* //^ «^* 








//a 9^* //</ tf^€t^ rMr>* //f/ 




/»*«r* 








/t/, 



/-jiJt/f •-fbf/ /-''4 flr /?J 



^ 



/t6n 





\ 





JStfJt 



'*7* 



Xfrf^ ^f« 



/3/^ 



>5r* ■•■ 



^ 




V 




/^^ ar Afj t A»ft7# >G57 t 




/-;^ cr + 









/j;^«/ 





^«/* 



J69a 






Ai4 / 




\ \ i 



*^f AS6e 





Ji.fa. 






ft/ 4 '^^ 




/J»/ ^ ^^9^ 





/<5r./ 



/d4«t f^^ 



M^. 






\ 




TTtorj/rr/s. 



^a^ 



///« 



/t/^ 




^4 





^a-¥ 



6 eg 









/« 







-^^ /xa^ 






At» 



/?« 



>V«-*- /tftf 



J^a 



M* 










^9 




«^^ 






f^S* M6t 



V 



m 





**♦ #»♦ 



Jk>4- 




J>/» 



^ ^ 






Jt/-^ 



JJ 




^/i^ 





J; ♦ 



A 



A/* .M ♦ 




JT* ^^"^ .l^* ;<»^ ,,-. 




4* r 



T R O C H U S. 



133 



Linn, names, Gm. Engl, names. 
163 literatus 8548 lettered 



Synonyms. 



Habitat. 



G. t. 56,/. N. B.t.n, 
/. 1 4, 1 5 . Guadaloupe. 



164 hexagonus 3548 six-ribbed C.IO, M62,/. 1554-5. 



165 reticulatus 



166 iubercuiaris 



167 ad versus 



South Sea. 

reticulated G. t. 58,/. G. M.p. 27?. 

L.T.S,p.l50. Britain. 

pimpled M.p.^70 & Suppl. p. 1 1 6 . 

Z.r.8^.150. 

left-handed fV.M.S./.^S. Z).5,M59. 

M.p,27l&Suppl.p.n5. 
L.T.S,p.l5l. Britain, &c. 



168 subulatus awl-shaped M.Suppl.p.ll5ft.30,f.S. 

Scotland, in sea sand. 

169 decoUatus 3563 decapitated E.M.t.^5S,f.S. u. 

170 Afer 3558 African A.l,p.l25,t.Sj.lS. E.M. 

t.42Gyf.6. Senegal. 

171 sinistralis left-handed E.M.t.4tZ^J.l. u. 



XXVII. TROCHUS. TOP SHELL. 



1 Niloticus 



2 Conus 



35S5 large marbledZ. /. 617, /. 3. G. t. 59, 

/. B&C. C.5, M67, 
/. 1605 & 168,/. 1614. 
E .M.t.4i4t4t,f.l . Amboyna. 

3569 conic Z./.631,/.18. F.t.lSj.l. 

C.5,M67,/.1610. East Indies. 



134 



T R O C H U S. 



Lmn. names. 
3 spiooaus 



4 jujubinus 3570 mottled 



5 maculatiu 3566 spotted 



New Zealand. 



6 Alveare 3570 Bee-hive 



7 concavuB 

8 vernus 



9 consperaus 3571 Poppy 



10 Tentorium 

11 ochroleucus 

12 stellatus 

13 Spengleri 

14 costatus 

15 inaequalia 



Gm. Engl, nameM. Synonynu. HdhiUU* 

3570 thomy FJ.12,/.B.3. C.5, <.167, 

/.1611. 

F.UUJ.L. C.5,M67, 
/. 1 6 1 2-1 3. Weat Indiea. 

Z.^ 632,/. 20. G.t.eU 
/.D. C.5,<. 168,/. 1615- 
1618&69,/1623-4. 

Madagaaear. 

G.t.eoJ.V. C.5,M68, 
/1619&1622. laleof France. 

3570 concave base C.5,M 68,/. 1620-1. Coromandel. 

3571 green C.5,M69^.1 625-6. 

East Indian Seaa. 

G.t. 60 J.B. C.5, M69, 
/.1627. 

C.5,«.169,/1628. 

C.5,M69,/1629. 



3571 Pavilion 

3571 whitish- 
brown 

3571 starred 



C.5,M69,/.1630. 
3571 Spengler's C.5,M69,/1631. 



3571 ribbe^ 

3572 unequal 



u. 



16 regius 



3572 royal 



C.5,M69,/.1633-4. 

G.t.eoj.O. F.LUJ.D. 
C.5,M 70,/ 1635-6. 

Mozambique. 

C.5,t.l70j.lG37. 



u. 



17 verrucosus 3572 warty 



C.5,M 70,/ 1638. £. Indian Seas. 



18 cylindricus 3572 sub-conical C.5,M70,/1639. 



u. 



19 radiatuB 3572 radiated C.5,M 70,/ 1640. West Indies. 



T R O C H U S. 



135 



Linn, names. 

20 viridis 

21 nuticuB 

22 nigarimug 

23 Fanulum 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, Habitat. 

S572 green-beaded C.5,<.170,/.1649-4.NewZea]and« 

3572 blackish- C.5,<. 170/. 1645-6. China. 

brown 

3573 black 
3573 Pagoda 



C.5,M70,/.1647. 

P.M56,/.15. F.M3/.0. 
C.5,M 70,/1648-9. 



24 strigosus 

25 Pyramis 

26 depressus 

27 laevigatus 

28 Groenlandi- 

CU8 



Coasts of Femambuca. 
3573 black-tipped C.5,M 70,/. 1651. Morocco. 

357S pyramidal C.5,M 70,/. 1652-3. 

3573 depressed C.5,<.171,/1668-9. 
3578 smooth C.5,r. 171,/ 1670. 

3574 Greenland C.5,M71,/.1671. 



u. 
u. 
u. 
Greenland. 



29 cruciatus 3567 cross-rayed C.5,f. 171,/ 1674. Mediterranean. 

30 Pharaonius 3567 Strawberry Z.f.688,/.26. G.t.SS^f.B. 

C. 5,t, 171,/ 1672-3. 
E.M.t,U7J,7. Red Sea. 

3576 coral-beaded ^.p.l83,M2,/4. 

Magdalen Isl. 

3574 Guinea C.5,M71,/1680. Guinea. 

8574 flesh-coloured C.5,M71,/1682. u. 

3567 tuberculated L. t, 641,/ 32. G. t, 62, 

/L. C.5,M71,/1656- 
1659.P.5.Z.4,<.83,/4. 
2).l,^8/.l. ilf.jp.283. 

Britain, &c. 

3573 Cape C.5,M71,/1661-2. 

Cape of Good Hope. 

3577 grey-i|[iarbled^./).184,M2,/.6. Senegal. 



31 corallinus 

32 Guineensis 

33 cameuB 

34 Magus 



35 Capensis 



36 Afer 



136 



T R O C H U S. 



Linn, names. 
37 Modulus 

SS ^gyptius 

39 muricatus 

40 roseus 

41 tumidus 

42 viridulus 

43 urbanus 

44 scaber 

45 quadratus 

46 croceus 

47 varius 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habiiai. 

3568 keel-whirled Z.^653,/.52. F.t.Sj.D. 

C.5,M71,/.1665. West Indies. 

3573 iEgyptian C.5,M 71,/. 1663-4. Red Sea, 

3568 prickly (r.<.64,/.H. Mediterranean. 

3574 ro8e-colouredC.5,M71,/.1675. 

Cape of Good Hope. 

tumid M.p.2SO,t.lOj.4f. L.T.S, 

p.l53. Britain. 

3574 necklace- C.5,M 71,/. 1677. u. 

grained 

3574 broad purple- C.5,<.171,/.1679. u. 

striped 

3568 rough C.5,M71^.1667. u. 

square spottedC.5,M71,/.1683. Mediterranean. 

3584 saflron-co- C.5,M71,/.1684. Morocco, 

loured 

3568 varied 



S.EinLl,p.659. Mediterranean. 

48 umbilicatus 3575 obliquely- C. 5, t. 171, /. 1685. 

[pbUquatM.'] rayed P. B. Z. 4,r.83,/.3. D. 

t. 74, 3 middle figures. 
M.p.2Se. L.T.B,p.l5$. 

Britain, &c. 

49 cinerarius 3568 ash-coloured iL.^641,/.3]. C.5, M71, 

/.1686. Z).3,<.74. M. 
p.ftS^. 

50 neritoideus 3577 reddish-col. Fab.F.G.p.$93. Greenland. 

3576 white B.t.llJ.ldfiO. v. 

3575 ribbon F.t.9,f.E.S. C.5,r.l71, 

/.1687. u. 



51 albidus 

52 vittatus 



T R O C H U S. 



137 



Linn, names, 

53 divaricatus 

54 fbscatUB 

55 umbilicaris 

56 Areola 



57 cinereus 



58 fasciatUB 

59 variegatuH 

60 infundibuli- 

formis 



Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms, HahUaU 

3568 divaricated Fab.F,G,p,392. Mediterranean. 

3576 brown 5.^.1 2,/ 1,2. u. 

3568 umbilicated C.5,M 71, /.1 666. Mediterranean. 

3575 red square C.5,<. 173,/. 171 0-11. u. 

spotted 

dark ash-coloured L, t. 633^.21. F. 2, LIS, 

f.U. D. 5, i. 1 55 J. 3. 
M,p.ftS9. Britain, &c. 

3576 banded ^.M2^.3-4. u. 
3575 variegated C.5,M 73,/. 1708-9. u. 
3575 ram's horn C.5,M 73,/ 1706-7. u. 



61 hybridus 3567 hybrid 



62 perspectivus 3566 stair-case 



63 stramineus 3575 straw-co- 
loured 



64 Indicus 

65 planus 

66 Solaris 



3575 Indian 

3576 flattish 

3569 sulcated, 
sun 



C.5,M 73/. 1702-5. 

Mediterranean. 

L. t, 636,/ 24. G. t. 65, 
/O.C.5,M72,/.1691-6 
& 11, M96,/ 1884-5. 
J?.ilf.<.446,/.1&3. Amboyna. 

L.t.635J.ftS. C.5,M72, 
/.1 699. Tranquebar. 

C.5,M 72,/ 1 697-8. East Indies. 

C.5,r.l74/.l 721-2. u. 

L. t, 622,/.9. K. 6, t. 26, 
/.4. C.5,M 73/. 1700- 
1701. East Indies. 



67 inermis 3576 short-spined C.5,M73,/1712-13. W.Indies. 

68 imperialis 3576 imperial C 5, 1. 1 73/ 1 714 & 1 74, 

/.1 715. New Zealand. 



138 



T R O C H U S. 



LimL fkmet. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HabikU. 

69 oonchylio- $5M Carrier F.t.ltJ.C. 1 & C.2. C.5, 

phorus 

70 Tectum 



71 perlatuB 

7t Pumilio 
75 terrestns 



Dwarf 

S6^5 land 
[/f. elegoMsJ] 



74 bidens 3642 double- 

[H. hidentata.'] toothed 

75 fragilia 6577 britUe 

76 callosus 6577 keeled 



77 



<.172^.1688.90. 

6569 arch-lipped L.tM9j.5l.F.t.9,fM.S. 

C.5,<.165,/.1567-8. 

6577 tooth-lipped L.tMiJ.54. F.t.Sj.D. 

C.10,M65J.1586.4. 

C.ll,M96,/.1888-9. Africa. 

£.^61,/.58. P.Lft2j.lO. 
C. 9, t. 122,/. 1045. 
P.B.ZA,LSS,f.5. DA, 
Mil. M.p.2S7. Britain, 6rc. 

C.9,<.122^.1052.' 

Botanic garden at Strasbourg. 

S.Einl.ht.3j.ie. V. 

C.9,M22,/.1501. 

Bayreuth. Fr.w. 

S.Fhiss.p.ftSZMff'li' 

River Huines. 



6587 river 



78 vesdariut 6578 flattened X.<.650-2. G.<.65,/.F-H. 

C.5,<.166,/.1601.a.to 
h. Mediterranean. 



79 grandinatuB 6585 studded 



C.10,M69^.1669. 

Paknerston's Island. 



80 Labeo 



81 asper 



6578 double-lipped Z. <.584,/.42 & 645,/. 67. 

/• 2, t» 8, /• A» 2. C» 5| 
<.166,/1579-81. E.M. 
1.447,/. 1. Amboymi. 

6586 rmgged FX8,/.A.6. C5,M66, 

/.6582. New Zealand. 



T R O C H U S. 



139 



Zrmn. names. Gm. Engl. name$. Synonyms. Hdbiiat. 

82 quadricari- four-keded C.ll,t. 196,/. 1892-3. Mediter. 

natiu 

88 tessellatus 8588 tessellated C.5,M66,/.1588. Bay of Naples. 

84 turbinatus turbinated £. <. 642,/.88-4. (r.t.68, 

/.D.E.&G. (r.5,M66, 

/. 1584. Isle of France. 

85 argyTostomu8 8588 Ink-horn C.5,M 65,/. 15 62-8. N.Zealand. 

86 Sinensis 8588 Chinese F.<.9,/.B.l. K.5,i.SJ.l. 

C.5,f.l65^.1564-5. China. 

87 crassus Hair-streaked Ar.|>.281. Z. T. 8,jp.l54. 

D.C.t.6,f.7. P.D.C. 

M 7^. 8 & 7. Britain. 

88 Tuber 8578 large mottled £.<.646,/.88. F.t.dJ.C. 

C.5,M65,/.1572.6. W. Indies. 

89 melanosto- 8581 black- C.5,M 61, /.1 526. S.Ocean. 

mus throated 

90 striatus 8597 small striated £.t.616,/.2. (r.<.61^.N. 

C.5,M62,/.1527-8. D. 
M55,/.l. Af.|>.278.Britain, &c. 

Z.«.681,/.8. F.t.l2jJS.2. 
C. 5, t. 162, /. 1529. 
P.5.Z.4,«.88./.l. DA, 
/.8,/.2. M.p.277. 

92 punctulatus 8581 little rose- . F.M2,/.N.l. C.5,<.162, 

coloured /.1580. Morocco. 

98 Conulus 8579 conical C.5,t.l66,/.1588-9. Mediter. 

94 Ziziphinus 8579 livid Z.<.616,/.1. G.t.6hf.C. 

C. 5, t. 166,/ 1592-4. 
P.B.Z.4,t.SS,f.l. D.2, 
t.52. Af.jp.274. Britain, &c. 



91 exiguus 8581 crimson- 
[erythrokvcos,'] tij^ed 






i 

I 



140 T R O C H U S. 

Lmn. names, Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habiiai. 

95 papillosiiB granulated (?./.61,/.6.M. C.5,t.l66, 

/.1597-8. D.4,t.U7. 
M.p.Z75,t.lO,f.S. Britain, &c 

96 dolarius fluted C. 10, /. 165,/. 1579-80. 

E.M.tA45j.l. New Zealand. 

97 Granatum 3584 Tiger C.5,M 70^.1654-5. 

98 virgineus ringed F.t.79,/A. C.10,e.l65, 

/.1581-2. 



99 diaphanuB 3580 thin,che8nut-C.5,M61,/.1520-l. 

coloured 

100 caerulescens blueiah £.Af./.444,/.2.a.b. New Holland. 

iOl selectUB red-&.white- C.ll,<.196^.1896-7. 

grained New Zealand. 

102 purpureuB 3582 bright-purpl. C.5,<.1 62,/. 1538-9. u. 

103 Americanus 3581 American C.5,M 62,/. 1534*5. Westlndies. 

104 imbricatus 3581 imbricated iL.<.628^.14. G.i.eoJ.Q. 

C. 5, /. 162, /. 1531. 
E.M.L44t5j.4. 

105 cslatua 3581 scaly £.<.647,/.40. F.t.Sj.M. 

C.5,t. 1 62,/. 1536-7. 



106 gibberosua 3585 olive-green M. U. C. 1, t. 31. CIO, 

[iMpqualis.'] |>.287|/.A.B. New Zealand. 

107 Mauritianu83582 great-toothed L.f. 625,/ 11. G.tSl, 

/D&F. C.5,«.163, 

/.1 547-8. New Guinea. 

108 fenestratua 3582 small-toothed G.t. 60,/ N. F.t.l2,/I. 

C.5,r.l63,/1549-50. 

Amboyna. 



T R O C H U S. 



141 



Linn, names. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

109 Obeliscus 3579 Obelisk 1^.1,^.12,/ 4. C.5,M60, 

/1510-12. East Indies. 

110 foveolatus 3580 Sugar-loaf Z.<.626,/ll.a. G.t. 59, 

/.A. C.5,M61,/.116- 
117,/.1518-19. NewGuinea. 



Ill virgatus 3580 rose-striped 



112 Cookii 3582 Cook's 



113 Iris 

114 elegans 

115 notatus 

116 Zic-zac 

117 obtusus 

118 crocatus 



3580 Iris 

3581 elegant 
3581 marked 
3587 Zig-zag 

blunt 

3584 saffiron- 
coloured 



Z.^631,/.17. G.t.ei,f.E: 

C.5,M60,/.1514-15. 

Amboyna. 

C.5,t.l63^.1540&<.164, 
/. 1 55 1 . Friendly Islands. 

F.t.79j.G. C.5,t.iei, 
/.1 522-3. New Zealand. 

S.Einl.l,p.eSZ. 

S.EinLl,p.6SZ. South Seas. 

Z./.583,/.38. C.5,<.166, 
/.1599. West Indies. 



C.11,M 96,/. 1894-5. 



Indian Seas. 



j5.M2,/.ll,12. 



u. 



119 hortensis 3587 Garden C.9,M 22,/ 1055-6. 

Gardens in Southern climates. 

120 Telescopium 3585 Telescope Z. t. 624,/ 10. G. t. 60, 

/ D. &E. C.5,t.l60, 

/1 507-9. East Indies. 

121 Terebellus little Auger L.t.SU.f. 72. G.t.iJ.M. 

Barbadoes : L. 

122 dolabratus 3585 Zebra F.t.SSj.L. C.5,M67, 

/1 603-4. Africa :L. 



142 



TURBO. 



nameM, 
IZ9 perveniu 
1S4 pusiUuB 

125 undulatus 



Criii. Engl, namci. Synonyms, HabiiaL 

5586 left-handed L.S.N.p.USl. MeditemnetiL 

3586 minute, re« S.EinLlfp.75\. 

versed Eaat IndieB : in sand* 

3586 minute, C.9,M13^.967. 

waved 



126 Tentricosus 3586 minute, bel- C.9,M13,/.968. 

lied 



127 annulatua 

128 punctatua 

129 striatellua 

130 lunaria 



3587 annulated C.9,M13j/.969. 

3587 dotted L.S.N.p.lZSU Mediterranean. 

3587 violet-tipped L.S.N.pA%S2. 

3589 minute, horn- C.9,<.113,/.971. u. 

coloured 



I ( 



XXVIII. TURBO. WREATH. 



1 obtuaatus 3588 blunt C.5,<.185,/.1854.a-f. 

Northern Ocean. 

2 neritoides nerit-shaped G,tA5,f.¥. Mediterranean. 

3 Nicobaricua 3596 Nioobar £.M3^.16,17. C.5,t.l82, 

/ 1 822-5. Nicobar Islands. 

C.5,<.1 85,/. 1 848. South Seas. 

3588 Periwinkle X.l.585^.43. (7./.45,/0. 

C.5,M85,/. 1852, 1-8. 
P.B.ZA,tS4J.l. 2).l, 
<.33. M.p.$01, Britain, &c. 



4 nigerrimus 3597 black 

5 littoreus 




9 



A4 * ^ * 




TMtocJivrs. 





/,At ^ 



^nn. 




Tfa^ 



49 ♦ 







sr* 




63* M »* •**♦ "*^ * 






^J^ ^9* 60* 



&/ *■ 




61 e 




644 




/»* //^ 



4 t 



7499 






/*n ;7«» /*« 









•*'• *»t ai» ^^/ 



^^ 




k 4 



«^t ^^ 9''^ 9^^^ 



9'ff 






9Sa 



fiit 97 1 





^^ 




4^« 





/^»t cftFtf; «^«f 




9J^if 




9^^ 9949 ^^^ 





>*»/</. ^jf*?- 







A»iSer 



^ <«♦ 



A^/A 4^ 





y»o curjr. 






FL30. 



r0/itr.' ^gm^* /£flS* Mm* 






//iT t ^^ * >3r * 



% 



ff» t 



*»»ti*, 



//9« 



^'i 



k 






^e* ^'r ^'*»^ ^^"^ ^"^ "^^ ^^ 






IT It M 9, 



Hi 



-^ ♦ ^i*^ ^ 



4m 




^ 



J t 



4/^ 





e» 





/t 



4 



4 4r^ 



9«r 



re t 



ii^y# /» ^ 




Af/*^ /4 4f» 



4 % 





/»/ '^•* 






J!««^ 



Ji^m^ 



Ut^ 



41k W A 




^9^* 5#»i^* ^^4ry#^ ^ 



TURBO. 



143 



Linn, names. Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

6 tenebrosus chocolate M,p,S0S,t,20ffA, L,T,S. 

p,l60. Britain. 



7 rudis 



8 muricatus 



sordid 



D.l,t.3S,f,S, M.p, 804. 
Z. r.8,|).159,<.4,/.12, 
18. 



prickly 



L,t.SO,f,ftS. 0,t,4i5j.E. 
C.5,M 77,/ 1752-3. 

Southern Europe« 



9 -fithiope 3596 black-and- C.5,<. 1 82,/. 1 820-1. ^.ilf. 

white <.447,/.5. New Zealand. 

10 punctatuB 8597 white-dotted i^.p. 168,^.1 2,/. 1. F.t,7h 

/A.l.A.2. Goree. 



11 jugosus 

12 crassior 

13 petrseus 

14 fulgidus 

15 Cimex 

16 calathiscus 



lineated ilf.p.586,f.20,/.2. Z.7.8, 

|>.158,f.4,/7. Britain. 



coarse 



Z).<.178,/.4. M.p,909& 
Stippl,p.l27,t,ftO, 



small rock M.p.isOS, L. T. 8,p.l60. 

Dors,Cat.t,lS,f.l3, 

bronze-bandedilf.|).332. L,T.B,p,l6l, 

3589 Bug G.t.U,f,X. D,l,t,ft,fA. 

M.p, SI 5, Britain, &c. 

cancellated M,Suppl,p,l329t,$0,f,5, Britain. 



17 Pullus 3589 painted Z).l,^2,/2-6. M.p,n9. 

L. T, B,p, 1 62. Britain, &c. 

18 PertholatuB 8590 Serpent's Z.(.584,/89. G.t,e4i,f.F. 

skin C.5,M 83,/ 1830-5. 

Amboyna* 



144 



TURBO. 



Linn, names, 
19 Cidaris 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, Habiiat, 

8596 Turban F,t,S,f,C. 1. & C.2. C,5, 

<.184,/.1840-7. E.M. 
t,4tiSj.5, China. 



20 helicmus 8597 green-and- B.p.848,M2,/.28-4. 

purple 



V, 



21 Cochlus 8590 Camelopard Z.f.584,/.40. C.5,M82, 

/.1 805-6. East Indies. 



22 Smaragdus 8595 green 



28 chry808tomu8 8591 golden- 
mouthed 



C, 5, t, 182, /. 1815-16. 
E.M,t,4^S,f,S. NewZeahmd. 

G.^62,/.H. F,t.9,f,A.ft. 

C.5,t.l78,/.1766. Amboyna. 



24 Tectum-Per.8591 little Pagoda 6?.t.60,/.M. F.M3,/.F. 
sicum C.5,^ 1 6 3^. 1 548-4. 

Asiatic Ocean. 



25 trochiformis 



26 unicarinatus 



white-grainedC.5,(. 168,/. 1545-6. S. Ocean. 



single-keeled E,M,t,^6 1 ,/. 1 . 



u. 



27 Pagodus 8591 Pagoda L, t, 644, /. 86. G, t, 62, 

J, B. C. C 5, t, 168, 
/.1541-2. Amboyn& 



28 Calcar 



8592 Spur 



G.t, 65,/. N. F, t, 18, 
/.C.8. C.5,M64. lower 
/.1 552-3. 



29 stellaris 



8600 starred 



C.5,M 64. upper/. 1552-8. 

South Seas. 



80 aculeatus 8600 pointed C.5,M64,/. 1556-7. 

Nicobar Islands. 



81 stellatus 8600 spined 



C.5,M 64,/. 1558-9. 



u. 



TURBO. 



145 



Linn, names, 
32 armatus 



33 rugosus 



Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat* 

armed L, t, 608, / 46. a. C. 5» 

M 80,/. 1 7 86-7 . Mediterranean. 

3592 large, sUver- L, t. 647,/. 41. G, t, 63, 
mouthed /. F. H. C, 5, t. 180, 

/1 782-5. 

34 marmoratus 3592 large, green L, t. 587,/. 46. G, t, 64, 

/.A. C.5,M 79,/ 1775- 
1776. E.M,t,4>^B,f.l, 

Asiatic Ocean. 

35 Sarmaticus 3593 large, knobbedF. t, 8,/.L. C, 5, 1. 179, 

/.1777-8&/.180,/.1781. 

Moluccas. 

36 Olearius 3593 large, keeled G,t,6S,f,A. F,t.S J.K.I. 

C.5,M78,/1771-2. 

Coromandel. 



37 comutus 

38 radiatus 

39 imperialis 



3593 large, homed F.^8,/.G.l. C.5,<.179, 

/1 779-80. China. 

3594 radiated C.5,f.l 80,/ 1788-9. Red Sea. 



3594 imperial C.5,M 80,/ 1790. 



China. 



40 coronatus 3594 crown 



41 canaliculatus 3594 grooved 



42 setosus 3594 Leopard 



43 Sparverius 3594 pearly- 
mouthed 



F. t. 8,/ O. C. 5, 1. 180, 
/.1 79 1-2. E,M,t.US, 
/.2. Moluccas. 

F.t.9j,A,4. C.5,M81, 
/1 794. 

G.«.64,/B. F.t,9yf,A.l, 
C, 5, t, 181,/ 1795-6. 
E.M.t.USyf,^. I. of France. 

C.5,M81,/.1798. Eastlndies. 



146 



TURBO. 



Lmn, nmmes. 

44 Molkianus 

45 Spengleria- 

nus 



Om. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

3595 Moltkian C.5,tl81^.1799-80. u. 

8595 Spengler's C.5,<. 181, /.1 801 -2. East Indies. 



46 castaneus 3595 chesnut C. 5, t. 182,/. 1807-8 & 

/.1813-14. West Indies. 

47 mamillatus nipple Z).5,<.173. Z.r.8,p.l66. 

M.Suppl.p.l26. Britain. 

48 crenulatUB 3595 crenulated C.5,M82,/.181l-12. u. 

49 papyraceus 3596 paper C.5,M82,/.l 8 17-1 8. East Indies. 

50 semicostatus minute, ribb. M.p.326& SuppLpAZd, 

t.n,f.5. Britain. 

51 ruber minute, red L. T. 3, 1. 13, /. 21 & 22. 

ilf.p.820. 



52 vitreus 

53 Punctura 

54 arenarius 

55 unifasciatus 

56 nivosus 

57 labiosus 

58 Ulvae 

59 ventricosus 

60 subumbilica- 

tus 

61 CingiUus 



minute,glassy 3f.|). 32 1 ,M 2,/.3. 
minute,punct. M.p.SZOyt, 1 2 J". 5 . 

minute, sand ilf.M2,/.4. 
minute, band, ilf .|}.327,(.20,/.6. 

minute, white ilf .^.326. L.T.Syp.l6S. - 

lipped M.t.lSj.l. Zr.<.8,p.l64. - 

Sea-weed M.p.SlS. Z.r.8,p.l64. - 

bellied Af.;).317,<.12,/.13.Zr.r.8, 

p. 1 64. 

minute, ilf.^.316. L.T.S,p.l65. • 

yellowish 

minute, 3f.p.328,M2,/.7. L.T.S, 

girdled ^.165. 



TURBO. 147 

Linn, names, Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat, 

62 interruptus minute, L. T. .5, p. 3, t. 1,/. 16, 17. 

streaked M,p.329,t,20tf.S. D.5^ 

t,l7Sj.2. Britain. 

63 semistriatus minute, half- M.Suppl.p.lSG. 

striated 

64 albulus 3609 minute, pel- Fab,F.G.p,394!, Greenland. 

lucid 

S5 Pica pied Z./.640,/.30. G,t.6SJ.B. 

C.5,M 76,/. 1750-1. 

West Indies. 

66 nodulosus nodulous Z?.M3,/.1,2. C.5,M78, 

/1 769-70. 

67 dentatus 3601 toothed C.5,<. 178,/ 1767-8. u. 

68 auricularis eared M,p.30S. L.T,Sjp,l66. Britain. 

69 vinctus small brown M.p.307,t.20ff.3. L.T,8, 

banded p.l67. 

70 quadrifascia- small four- M.p.32S,t.20j.7. L.T.S, 

tus banded p,l67. _.._ 

71 sanguineus 3598 scarlet C.5,M77,/1 756-7. 

Mediterranean. 

72 atratus 3601 black-grained C.5,M 77,/ 1754-5. 

Nicobar Islands. 

73 Anguis 3602 Snake M.U.C.2,t.70. B.E.C. 

p. 168. South Seas.. 

74 Diadema 3601 Diadem C. 5,^3.1 45,/ A.B. New Zealand. 

75 undulatus 3597 waved C. 10,/. 169,/ 1640-1. 

New Holland. 

76 argyrostomu83699 wrinkled F.<.9,/A.3. K.\,t,3j,3. 

silver-mouth C. 5, t, 177, f. 1760-1 & 

1763-5. Indian Seas. 

L 2 



148 



TURBO. 



Linn, names. 

77 margarita- 

ceus 

78 Porphyrites 



79 Mespilus 

80 granulatus 

81 cinereus 

82 torquatus 

83 Delphinus 



84 nodulosus 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat, 

3599 greenish wh. C.5,M77,/.1762. Frederick Isl. 
pearly mouth 

S602 Porphyry M.U.C.2,t.70. C.5,t.l76, 

f. 1 740-1 . New Caledonia. 

3601 Medlar C.5,M76,/. 1742-3. South Seas. 

3601 granulated C.5,<.1 76,/ 1744-6. . 

3601 ash-coloured B.t.l2,f.25'6. u. 

3597 thready C.10,p.293,/.A.B. New Zealand. 

3599 Endive leaf L. i. 608, /. 45. G. t. 68, 

/. C. D. C. 5, i. 175, 
f. 1727 '35. E.M.t.45h 
f.\. Amboyna. 

3600 rough- C.5,f. 174,/ 1723-4. East Indies. 

knobbed 



85 distortus 3600 distorted 

86 crenellus 3602 crenated 

87 fonnnalis 3603 firesh-water 

[thermaUsJ] 

88 scalaris 3603 Wentletrap 



89 principalis 



principal 



90 Clathrus 



3603 latticed 



C.5,M75,/1737-9. u. 

L.S,N,p.l236. V, 

Z).8,<.102. il/.p.348,«.22, 
/.4. L.T.B,p.ies. Britain, &c. 

G.t.lOj.Z.Z. A'.4,t.20, 
/2,3. C.4,f.l52, 1426- 
1427 & 1430-1. E.M. 
/.451. lower/ 1. Amboyna. 

C. 4,M52,/1428-9firll, 
M95. A./1876-7. 

Coromandel. 

Z./.588,/.51. G.t,5S,H. 
C.11,M95.A,/1878- 
1879. E.M.t.^5lJ.3& 
5. P.J5.Z.4,f.84,/2. 
Z).l,<.28. 3/.p.296. Britain,&c. 



TURBO. 



149 



Linn» names. 

91 fiinbriatus 

92 clathratulus 

93 pulcher 

94 ambiguui^ 

95 crenatus 

96 lacteus 

97 elegantissi- 

mus 

98 simiUimus 

99 parvus 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, Habitat. 

furbelowed E.M.tA5\ffA. u. 

little, latticed ^.i»f.5'./.45. M.p.Z97 & 

SuppLp,l24. Britain. 

white-ribbed Z.f.588,/.50. West Indies. 

3604 doubtful L.S.N,p.l2S7. Mediterranean. 

L.t5SSyf.52. C.11,M95. 

A/. 1 880-1 . West Indies. 

L.S.N.p. 1 238. Mediterranean. 

Z).5,M79^.1. M.p.29S, 

M0,/2. Britain. 

M, SuppLp, 136. Scotland. 



3604 knobbed 
whirl 

3604 milky 

elegant 



similar 

little Guernsey i).^90. Ar.p.310. L.T,S, 

M3,/.29,30,&8,p.l71. 



Britain. 



100 striatulus 3604 minute, M,t.\0, L.T.Sfp.l72. 

wrinkled 



101 reticulatus 

102 Bryereus 

103 coniferus 

104 denticulatus 

105 marginatus 

106 striatus 

107 costatus 



reticulated Z. 7'.3, p.66, M3,/.19, 26. 

M.p.322yL2\JA. 

Bryer's il/.|}.313,M5,/.8. 

small, margi- M,p.3l4f,t.l5,f.2. Z.r.8, 
nated p. 173. 

small, tooth. M.p.3l5. L.T.8,pA73. 

small,margin. M.SuppLp. 1 28. Guernsey. 



minute, 
striated 

minute, 
ribbed 



Zr. T. 3, t, 13, /. 25-6. 

M.p.3l2, Britain. 

W.M.S.f.4^7. L.T.3, 
/).65,f.l3,/.13,14. Af. 
/).311,M0,/.6. 



150 



TURBO. 



Ztiifi. names. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

108 unicus minute, W.M.S.f.4:0. M.p.Z99, 



convex 

109 indistinctus indistinct 

110 Uva 3604 Berry 



111 Mumia 


double- 




toothed 


112 Alveare 


white-mc 


113 Cylindnis cylindricj 


114 croceus 


3655 orange 




[H. crocea.'] 


115 sulcatus 


3610 sulcated 


116 comeus 


3605 homy 


117 reflexus 


3605 reflected 




mouth 



t.l2j.2. Britain. 

M.Suppl.p.l29. 

G.t.58,f.D. F. t.65j. B. 

1 1 . Coast of Bretagny. 

Z. «. 588,/. 48. CM 53, 
f.U$9.Br.E.M.p.3^S. 

America. 

white-mouth. //.<.588,/.49. Seb,3yt.55, 

f.2l. Guadaloupe. L. 

L.t.2l,f.l7. C.ll,<.209, 
/.2061-2. Jamaica. L. 

C.9,M35,/.1233. E.M. 
«.461,/.6. u. 

Z.f.588,/.47. C.9,<.135, 
/.1231-2. Ceylon. L. 

L.S.N.p.l2SS. u. 

L.S.N.p.l23S. u. 



118 elegans 



intersected Z.f.27,/.25. G. t. 4,/.A. 

C.9,M23,/.1060d.&e. 
P.J5.Z.4,f.85,/.2. Dr. 
1. 1 ,/. 7. Britain, &c. L. 

119 Lincma 3605 bordered Zr./.26,/.24. /*.M18,/.ll. 

C.9,^.123,/. 1060b.c. 
E.M.461J.2. Jamaica. L. 

120 Labeo 3605 white-lipped L.t.25^.23. ^.M3,/.5.6. 

C. 9, t. 123,/. 1061-2. 
E.M.t.4ei,f.4f. L. 

121 luniilatus moon spotted ^.F/u5f./>.363. 



u. 



TURBO. 161 

Linn, names. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

122 ligatus ligature C.9,<.12S,/. 1071-4. u. 

123 foliaceus leafy C.9,M23,/.1069-70. u. 

124 limbatus 3606 shouldered C.9,M23,/.1075. Coromandel. 

125 carinatus 3601 keeled Z.f.28,/.26. B.t.lS.f.S, 

4. C.9,<.126,/.1103. 

Jamaica. L. 

126 Separatista three-keeled C.10,M 65,/. 1589-90. 

Indian Seas. 

127 nivcus 3598 snowy C.10,M 65,/. 1587-8. 

Nicobar Islands. 

128 helicoides 3602 brown zig- C.9,M 23,/. 1067-8. u. 

zag 

129 imbricatus 3606 imbricated G. t. 58,/. E. K. 6, t. 25, 

/.2. C.4,M52,/1422. 

Jamaica. 

130 replicatus 3606 large screw C.4,M51,/.1412. Tranquebar. 

131 acutangulus 3607 sharp-angled G.r.58,/.B. K.3,t.\9,f.5. 

C.4,M51,/1413. 



132 duplicatus 3607 double-ribbed L. t. 591./. 58. G. t. 58, 

/C. C.4,M51,/.1414. 
f:. AT. <. 449, lower/. 1. 
Z).4,M12. Mediterranean. 

133 torcularis brownspottedi?.p.358,M3,/.8. u. 

134 Turritella Spindle J?.Ar.(.449,lower/2. u. 

135 obsoletus 3612 obsolete L.t.589,f.53. B.t.lS,f.7. v. 

136 exoletus 3607 ribbed screw C.4,<.152,/1423. Guinea. 



152 



TURBO. 



Zmn. names, Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms, Habitat, 

137 Terebra 3608 Auger screw L.t.59l,f,57, G,t,5Sj,A. 

C. 4, M51,/. 1418-19. 
E, M. t, 449, lower/. 3. 
P,B,Z.^,t,8^J,^, D,l, 
t,22,f.2. M,p,29S, Britain, &c. 

Archimedes* C.10,M65,/.1591. China, 

screw 



138 Archimedis 



139 variegatus 3608 variegated Seb,S,t.5e,f.26,S4,3l& 

33. Southern Europe. 

140 Terebeilum little screw C.10,M 65,/. 1592-3. 

Nicobar Islands. 



141 annulatus 3609 little white G.t,5S,f.L, 



u. 



142 Turns Thorns little tower C.ll,^213,/.3022.a-d. 

Island of St. Thomas. 



143 bidens 



double-tooth. C. 9, t. 112, /. 963-4. 

P,B,Z,4ift,B4tfJ'.5, L,T, 
8,|).l 78.^.5^.3. Britain, &c. L. 



144 laminatuA 



laminated 



Z.<.41,/.39.A. G. ^4, 
/.C. C. 9,^.112 J. 961, 
no.l. M.^. 359, Ml, 
/.4. 



145 biplicatus 

146 comigatus 

147 nigricans 



double plaited C 9, t. 112, f. 960. no, 2. 

M.p.S6l,t.Uj'5, L. 



wrinkled 
black 



148 labiatus 



lipped 



C.9,<.112,/.961-2. Spain. L. 

Z.f.41, least/ M,p.$57, 
t.lhf,7. L.T,B,pASO, 

Britain. L. 

iJf.p.362,Ml,/6. L.T,S, 
p. 180. L. 



TURBO. 153 

Linn, names. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

149 perversus 3609 reversed F.t.65J.E.4. C.9,M12, 

/959.a. M.p.355,t.U, 

/.1 2. 6ritain.L. 

150 quinqueden-3612 five-toothed G.tAj.G. F.^65,/.E.12. 

tatus B.t.\3,f.9. France. L. 

151 tridens 3611 three-toothed G.^4,/.F. M.p.S3S,t.U, 

/.2. Britain, &c. L. 

152 Juniperi Juniper-bush C. 9, t. 135, /. 1236. 

M.p. 340, t. 12,/. 12. 
L.T.Syp.lS2. L. 

153 Muscorum 3611 Moss C. 9, M 23,/. 10 76. Z).3, 

t.SO. M.p.3S5,t.22, 

/3. L. 

154 quadridens 3610 four-toothed Z.f.40,/.38. C.9,M12, 

/.965. France. L. 

155 sexdentatus six-toothed ilf.|).337,M2,/.8. L.T.B, 

p. 183. Britain. 

156 Vertigo 3644 Vertigo Ar.|}.363,«.12,/6. L.T.8, 

p.lS3. L. 

157 Carychium 3665 minute, M.p.339,f.22,/.2. L.T.S, 

toothed /).184. L. 

158 Auri8ca]pium3611 Ear-picker L.S.N.p.l2^0. Mediterranean. 

159 politus 3612 polished D.t.l77. M.p.39S. L.T.S, 

27.210. Britain, &c. 

160 subulatus awl-shaped D. 5, t. 172. M. SuppL 

7).142. Britain. 

161 decussatus decussated ilf.p.399,M5,/.7. L.T.S, 

/).209. 



154 



HELIX. 



Limn, names. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HabiUU. 

1 62 Dautileus 36 1 2 Nautilus W. M. S. f. 20, 21 . C. 9, 

M23,/.1077. M.t.Zd, 
f.5. Britain, &c. 

small crested M. vign. 1 ,/.7,8. L. T. 8, 

p.l69. 

minute, flattishilf. t. 13,/. 5. L. T. 8, 

p. 170. Britain. 

Serpula Af.Suppl.t.2lff,3. 



163 cristatus 

164 depressus 

165 serpuloides 

166 Ludus 

167 Marginellus 



green, spotted C.a,M 76,/. 1748-9. South Seas. 

pale reflected C.9,M23^.1063. u. 

lipped 



XXIX. HELIX. 



SNAIL. 



1 Scarabaeus 8613 Cockchafer L.t.577j.Sl. G.t.4yf.S. 

C.9,M36^.1249-50. 

Mountains of Asia. 



2 Afra 

3 Lapicida 



3651 African 
Rock 



4 marginella 3622 white- 



5 cicatricosa 



if.M,/4. Goree. 

Z.«.69,/.68. C.9,M26, 
/.1 107. P.i?.Z.4,<.86, 
/.I. Z).2,f.39,/.2. M. 
p.435. Dr.t.7J.S5-S7. 

Britain, &c. L. 

BA.Uyf.7fi. C.9,M25, 
margined /.1 097. Jamaica. 

3614 flat, reversed F. t.SSj. K. C. 9, 1. 109, 

/. 923 & 11, «. 213, 
/3012-13. L. 




9»'^ 



99 *^ A>0^M^ 



4 



i 



» 



I 



m^M i»Sf^ 




V 



/^y^^m f&a^m' /ft^ 








^^ ^^t 




I 







^^ ie^Ji^ 






AA»J» itfrj*- 



I 



I I « % 




idtf*^ ^«. itf^^ >a^*«^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ 




/6a^ 



HELIX. 155 

Linn, names, Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms, Habitat, 

6 Comu large Lorn C.ll,<.'208,/.2051-2. 

New Zealand. L. 

7 Oculus-Capri3615 Goat's eye L.t,75j.75, C.9,M23, 

/.1 064-6. Asia. L. 

8 Involvulus 3638 white, re- iJf.r.2,p.84. u. 

fleeted 

9 albella 3615 flat, whitish Z.<.64,/.62. G.<,3,/.N. 

C.9,M26,/.1102. Dr. 
^6,/.25-27. Rocks in Europe. 

10 albina 3615 minate, whiteZ.«.86,/.86. u. 

11 radiata 3633 smallra- £.M058,/.11.A. G,t,3, 

[rotundata.l diated /.Q. Ar.p.423,f.24,/.3. 

Britain, &c. L. 

12 striatula 3615 transversely L,S,N.p,l24f2, Algiers. L. 

striated 

13 Algira 3615 yellowish Z.^79,/80. G,t,3,f,G. 

C, 9, t, U5,f. 1093-4. 
Fer,t, 81. Amboyna. 

14 Leucas 3616 purple lined L.S,N,p,12i2, Africa. 

15 laevipes reverse C.9,M08,/.915-16. Fer. 

whirled f.92,/3.6. Guinea. 

16 exilis 3616 white-striped C. 9, M 29,/. 1149. Fer, 

t,92,fA. Tranquebar. 

17 vermiculata 3616 rough dotted G.t,l,f,G. JP. f.64,/.K.l. 

& K. 2. C, 9, 1. 129. 
/.1148.a.b.c. Fer,t,37, 
Dr.t.ej.r & 8. Italy. 

18 incamata 3617 flesh-co- C.9,r.l33,/.1206. Denmark. L. 

loured lip 



156 



HELIX. 



Linn, names, 
19 Cantiana 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

Kentish Z).5,M57,/.2. M.tAZ2, 

f.23,/.l. Z.r.8,p.l97. 

Britain. L. 



20 rufescens 



21 caperata 361 7 black tipped 

[crenulata.'] 

22 annulata 8622 ringed 

23 planata 3617 keeled 

[^Planorbis.'] 



reddish Z. t. 71»lower/.A. Z).5, 

M57,/l. ilf. p. 420, 
t.2S,J'.2. ' xj. 

L.t.S5,f.S5. C.9,MS3, 
/.1 207. i»f.p.430,<.ll, 
/. 1 1 . Britain, &c. L. 

S.Fluss.p.24^,t.5j.30. V. 

E.M.t.^e2,f.5. M.p.45l, 

t.25j.l. P.B.Z.4f,t.S6, 

/.2. L. 3r.8,p.l89,<.5, 

/.U. Z)r.f.2,/.1S&14. 

Ponds in Britain, &c. Fr.w. 

L.t. 138,/. 42. G. r. 4, 
/. E. E. C. 9, t. 127, 
/ 1121-2. iJf. p.450, 
t.25,f.^. Z.3r.8,p.l88, 
/.5,/.13. Z)r.f.2,/.11& 
12. 

fresh-water Ar.p.462,<.6,/.6. L.T.S, 

p. 193. 

26 ringens 3618 toothed lamp L. U 99,/. 100. F. t. 63, 

/ F. 10. C. 9, t. 109, 
/.919-20. Brazil. L. 



24 complanata 3617 flatumbili* 

cated 



25 fontana 



27 plicata 



plaited 



28 punctata 3622 punctured 



F.f.63,/.F.ll. K.5,t.26, 
f,5. C.l 1,^208,/. 2048. 
/V^.^54.B./.l. East Indies. 

L.tdSj,93. F.t,G3j.2, 

J?.f.l4,/17,18. Virginia. 



HELIX. 



167 



Linn, names. 
29 sinuata 



30 Lucerna 



31 Lychnuchus 

32 Cepa 

33 Lampas 

34 Carocolla 



3619 top-shaped 
3619 Onion 
3619 orange lip 



38 comigata 

39 PelUs Ser- 

pentis 



40 Vortex 



41 planorbula 

42 scabra 



Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat, 

3618 sinuous L.t,97j.9S; F.t.63,/.F.8. 

j5.M4,/.13,14. C,9, 
f. 126,/. 1110-2. Fer. 
t.54,/.l-3. Jamaica. 

3619 lamp-shaped L, t. 96,/. 97. C, 9, <.126, 

/.1 108-9. E,M.t,4ie2, 
/.I. East Indies. 

L.t.90,f,90. Jamaica. 

Z.<.88,/89. 

C.ll,f.208,/.2044-5. u. 

3619 large brown L. t. 63,f. 61. G. t. 3,f. I. 

C. 9, t 125, f. 1090-2. 
E. M, t. 462,/. 2. Fer. 
t.57tf.S, America. L. 

« 

single-toothed C. 11, /. 208, / 2049-50. 

Fer.t.5S. Ceylon. 

- 3620 Bugle-horn F.^64,/.C.2. C.9,<.129, 

/.1 142-3. Fer.t.l5j.5' 
7 & t,53,f.S & 4. Germany. L. 

j5.M4,/.15,16. Fer.t.2Sy 
/9,10. u. 

3623 wrinkled C.9,M 33,/ 1208. Otaheite. 

3620 Snake's skin L. t. Q%, / 64. F. t, 63, 

/ G. 3. C, 9, t. 208, 
/.2046.7. Fer. t,75,A, 
f.2&3.&t.75.B.f.6&7. 

South America. 

3620 Vortex L.t.l3Sj.43.G.t.^J.G,G, 

C. 9, t. 127,/ 1127. 
P.J?.Z.4,f.86,/.4. D.3, 
t.75. M.p.454f,t.25j,3. 
Dr.t.2,fA-7. Britain,&c.Fr.w. 

notch lipped E.M.t.^6l,f.3. u. 

3620 rough C.11,^210,/2071-5. Jamaica. 



35 unidentata 

36 Comn-mili 

tare 



37 maculosa 3622 spotted 



158 



HELIX. 



Linn, names, Om, Engl, names. Synonyms, 

43 Gothica 3621 doubtful L,S,N,p,U43. 

4i4i Gaulteriana 3621 Gaulter's 



Habitai. 
Sweden. L. 



45 Turcica. 



47 Faba 

48 cornea 



49 similis 



51 polygyra 



52 contorta 



G,t,68j,E, B,t,l3J,l2, 
13. C.9,M26,/.l 100-1. 
Fer,t,Q2, Spain. L. 

Turkish C.ll,<.209,/.2065-6. Morocco.L. 



46 AveUana 3640 Hazel-nut C.5,M 88,/. 191 9-20. 

New Zealand. 



53 alba 



3623 bean-shaped M.U.C,2,t,e7. Otaheite. 

3623 horn Z. t. 137, f. 41. G, t.4^, 

f, D. D. C, 9, t, 127, 
/.1113-15. E,M.t.460, 
f, 1 ,2. P ,B,Z ,4tit,3Qff,3, 
D,2,t.39,f.l. M,p,44S, 
Z)r.M,/. 42-44. 

Britain, &c. Fr. w. 

3625 similar ilf.K.2,p.l66. Denmark. Fr.w. 



50 spirorbis 3624 small-con- il/.p.455,r.25,/.2. L,T.8, 



cave 



p.l91. Z)r.«.2,/.8-10. 

Britain, &c, Fr.w. 



3624 many whirled J?.M4,/.19,12. C.9,<.127, 

/.1 124-5. u. 

coiled C. 9, M 27,/. 1126. 2). 3. 

t,99, M.p,45/7,t,25jf,e, 
Z)r.Mj:39-41. 

Britain, &c. Fr.w. 



3625 pale horn- 
colour 



54 paludosa 3635 Bog 



P.t,92,f,7, S,Fluss,t,5, 
/.12. M,p,459,t,25,f,7, 
L.T,B,p,l92. Fr.w. 

Jlf.p.440. Z. r.8,;j.l93, 

t,5yf,5, Fr.w. 



HELIX. 



159 



Ztim. names. Om. Engl. names» Synonyms, HabUaL 

55 Comu-Arie- 3625 Ram's horn Z.M36,/.40. C.9,M12, 
tis / 952-3. E. M. t. 460, 

/.3. Amboyna. Fr.w. 

Hunters'hom C.9,M27,/.l 132-3. 



56 Cornu Vena- 

torum 

57 Ericetorum 3632 Heath 



58 cingenda 3632 girdled 

[strigata,'] 



59 virgata 



60 lucida 



3631 striped 
{^Pisana,'] 

3633 pellucid 

[nitens.'] 



u. 



Z./.78,/.78. G.USJ.V. 

C. 9, U 132,/. 1193. 

P.B.ZA,t.SSj.5. D.5, 

t.l5l. il/.p.437,^.24, 

/.2. Z)r.<.6,/.12&13. 

Britain, &c. L. 

P. B. Z, 4, U 88,/. 2. 
il/.;).418,<.24,/.4. Z.r. 
8,p.l95,^5,/.6. Dr,U5, 
/14,15. L. 

L.L59j.5e. G.t.2J.L. 
Z).2,f.65. i»/.p.415, 
f.24,/.l. L. 



Z. ^ 71, two upper/ G. 
t.2,f.G. M.pA25,t.23, 
fA. Z.r.8,p.l98,f.5, 
/7. Dr.t.Syf. 23-25 



L. 



61 tenuis 



3641 thin 



S. Fluss.p. 258, L 5,f. 32. 
M.pA2Q. Var. of /ticuiia. 



Fr.w. 



62 obvoluta 

63 minima 

64 hispida 



3666 minute 
3625 hairy 



65 umbilicata 



3634 small white G. t. 2 J. S. C. 9, U 127. 

lipped / 1 1 28. Italy. Fr.w. 

S.Fluss.p,32\,tJJ. 1 8. u. 

P.^93,/.13. C.9,M22, 
/ 1057-8. M. p. 423, 
L23,f.3. Z)r.<.7,/23- 
25. Britain, &c. L. 

umbilicated itf.p.434,<.13,/.2. Z.7'.8, 

p.200, _ 



160 



HELIX. 



Linn, names. Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms. HahUai. 

66 costata 3638 little cross M.V.2,p.Sl. Denmark. L. 

ribbed 

67 pulchella 3633 little, striated AT. r.2,p.30. 

68 trochiformis trochus-shap. ilf.p.427,f.ll,/.9. L.T.S, 

p.200. Britain. L. 

69 spinulosa 3638 prickly C. 9, t. 133, /. 1209. 

[octi^ato.] il/.p.429,Ml,/.10. Dr. 

f.7,/. lO&ll. 

70 Lacuna gutter-lipped 3f.p.428,M3,/.6. L.T.8, 

p. 201. Britain. 

71 ampuUacea 3626 smooth Z.M30,/.30. G.M,/.R. 

girdled C. 9, t. 128,/. 1133-5. 

E.M.t.4,57J.3. 

Amboyna. Fr.w. 

Cocoa-nut L. t. \25,f. 25. F, t. 61, 

/. D. 10. C. 9, M28, 
/.1 136. E.M.t.i,57j.2. 

America. Fr.w. 



72 Urceus 



73 glauca 



74 vitrea 



75 Sultana 



76 Pomatia 



3628 grayish 
brown 

3622 brittle 

variegated 

3627 edible 



Z.M29,/.29. K.5,t.5, 
/.3. C.9,M29,/.1144. 
1145. Guadaloupe.Fr.w. 

i5.M5,/ 15,16. C. 11, 
^210,/.2072-3. u. 

C.ll,(.210,/.2070.1. 

New Zealand. 

Z.<.48,/46. G.U\J,\. 
C. 9, t. 128,/. 1137-8. 
P.B.Z. 4,tS7j.l. D.S, 
t.M. M.p.405. Dr.t.5, 
/. 20-22. Fer. t. 21 & 
/.24,/.2. Britain, &c. L. 



HELIX. 



161 



Linn, names. 

77 scalaris 

78 cincta 

79 rosacea 

80 extensa 

81 citrina 



Gm. Ensl. names. 



82 Rapa 
%S castanea 

84 Globulus 

85 incisa 

86 Lucena 



3652 produced 



Synonyms. Habitat 

F.t. 7GJ.L. C.9,M2a, 
/.1 139. no.l. France. L. 

3630 red-banded M.V.Z,p.5S. Fer.t.20j.7 

&8. &f.24,/.l. 

M.y.2,p.7e. 



V. 
V. 



87 Fruticum 

88 Arbustorum 



89 fulva 

90 Epistylium 



91 Papilla 

92 nemorensis 



3636 flesh-co- 
loured 

3631 four-whirled M.V.2,p.eo. F.^64,/C.5. 

Fer.M6,/.l,2. u. 

3628 sulphur- Z.f.54,/.50. G.t.Sj.D.E. 

coloured C.9,M31/.1167-75. 

Jamaica. L. 

3629 8ingle-bandedC.9,/.131,/.1176. u. 
3629 chestnut C.9,M31,/.l 177-8. u. 

3629 globular C.9,M 30/. 1159-60. Per. 

^26,/. 1 & 1 1 . Tranquebar. 

3630 slit margined F. t.e^,f. S. C. 9, 1. 130, 

/.1 1 66. East Indies. L. 

3636 transparent F.^64,/.M.l. C.9,M30, 

/.1155. Fer.^28,/.ll, 
12. Tranquebar. 

3635 six-whirled C.9,M33,/.1203. Denmark. L. 

3630 brown single- Z.t56,/. 53. C. 9, M33, 
streaked /.1 202. P.B.Z.4,t.SS, 

/. 4. Z).4,M36. M. 
p.4lS. Fer.t.27,f.5&e. 
Dr.t.5,f. IS. Britain, &c. L. 

M. r.2,p.56. Denmark. L. 

Z.^62,/.60. JP.f.64,/.0.4. 
C. 9, M 22, /.1 049-50. 
Fer.t.25J.l & 2. S.Sea.Isl.L. 

C.9,M22,/.1053-4. Fer. 
t.25.B.f.5. V. 

B.t.l6J.l,2. C.9,M29, 
/.1 146-7. East Indies. L. 

M 



3630 amber 
3630 Bee-hive 



3660 Nipple 
3632 polished 



162 



HELIX. 



Lrnn, names, Gm. 
93 vittata 3636 



94 zonaria 3632 zoned 



95 striata 3632 striated 

96 ungulina 3635 



97 Lucitanica 3636 Lusitanian 



98 mammillaris 3636 



99 Hispana 3637 

100 lutaria 3637 

101 ovalis 3637 



102 oblonga 3637 oblong 



103 flammea 3637 Zebra 



104 Kambeul 

105 Pileus 3637 

106 trifasciata 3642 



Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

ribbon K.5,t.Z\jA. C.9,M32, 

/. 11 90-2. Fer.U%^jA, 
5fi. Coromandel. 

G.L3ff»Jj, K,5ft,2\,f,S. 
C. 9,t. 132,/. 1188-9. 
Fer.t.lZ & 73. S.of Europe. L. 

S»Erd,pAS3,t.2,f.20. Saxony. L. 

Uwny-hom C.9,M25,/.1098-9. E.M. 

t.iezj.e. Fer.t.76,f.S, 
4. India. 

G.t.2,f.T. C. 9,(.108, 
/.913-14,M73,/.1684- 
1 685. South of Europe. L. 

mammiUary Z. t. 566,/, 13. F.t.U, 

f, H. 3. C, 5, t, 189, 
/. 1 926-7. Guinea. Fr. w. 

Z.iS'.iV^.|j.l246. South of Europe. 

Z.*S'.iV^.p.l246. u. 

1,^1055^,1, C.9,M19, 
/.1020-1. Fer,t.U5,B. 
f. I , East Indies. L. 

Z.^23,/.21. i5.M5,/.21. 
22. C.9,MI9,/.1022-3. 
Fer.t,U5,B.f.ft, West Indies. L. 

Z.<.578,/.33. C.9,<.119, 
/.1 024-5. Guinea. L. 

^.p.l4,M,/.l. Senegal. 

red & yellow C, 9, t. 122, /. 1046-8. 
striped F.t.eS.A.f.S-S. u. 

three-banded C.9,M 34,/.1215. Tranquebar. 



Spanish 

Mud 

oval 



Kambeul 



HELIX. 



163 



Linn, names. Gm. EnsL names. 



Synonyms. 



Habitat, 



107 Bontia 



dG4^ broad 

mouthed 



108 labiosa 3645 lipped 

109 trochoides 3642 angular 

mouthed 



F. t. 65, upper/. L. C. 9, 

f.l34,/.1216-17. Tranquebar. 

G,t. 4,/.R. C. 9, t. 135, 
/.1 234. India. 

C.10,M73,/.1686. East Indies. 



110 Otaheitana cofFee-colouredC.9,f.ll2,/.950-l.Otaheite.Fr.w. 



Ill laeva 



3644 party-co- L. t. 33, /. 81. F. t. 65, 
loured /.A.3. C.9,Mll,/.940- 

949. East Indies. 



112 aurea 3643 yellow 

[dextra.^ 



113 recta 



3643 straight 



114 interrupta 3644 tessellated 



Z. ^34,/. 33& 35,/. 34. 
G.t.5,f.F. C.9,M34, 
/ 1210-12 & t. 110, 
/928-33. West Indies. L. 

G.t.5j.O. K.5,t.2Sj,5. 
C.9,M10,/.925-6. u. 

F.^65,/A.6. C.9,r.l34, 
/1213-14. u. 



115 arenaria 3644 minute, sand C.9,M13,/.972-S. 



Rimini. 



116 lanthina 3645 violet 



117 Jamaicensis 3644 Jamaica 



118 Rhodia 3645 Rhodes 



Z.<.572,/.24. (j.<.64,/.0. 
C. 5, t 166,/. 1577-8. 
E.M.t.^56ff. 1 . Mediterranean. 

• 

Z.f.42,/.40. iir.l,f.21,/.3. 
F.t.63,f.M. C.9,<.129, 
/.1 140-1. Fer.M4,/6- 
9. Jamaica. L. 

C.9,f.l32j: 11 79-80. Fer. 

t.SS,f.S'6. Island of Rhodes. L. 



m2 



164 



HELIX. 



Linn, names, Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms, HahttaU 

119 vivipara 3646 viviparous Z.M055,/.6. G,t,5,f.A. 

C.9, M82,/. 1182-5. 
E.M.tA5SjA, P,B,Z, 
4,f.87,/.2. D.Syt.sr. 
M,p,SS6. Dr.tA,f,\G. 

Britain, &c. Fr.w. 
G.L5J,M. Dr,iAj.\S. 

Italy. Fr.w. 
S.EinL2,p.Z53MffA0. 

Tranquebar. 
C.9,M34,/.1222-3.Canton. Fr.w. 
L,t,57,f,54. G.L 1,/.P. 
C. 9, t, 132,/. 1196-8. 
Z).l,<.13. 3/. p. 411. 
Dr.t.ej.3-0, Fcr,t,53- 
SG, Europe. L. 

124 Cartusiana 3664 Chartreuse Geoff, p, 33, t,2, Dr,t,e, 

f,33. Near Paris. L. 

125 Lucorum 3649 brown-lipped (?.r.l,/.C. Fer.t,Zi,A,& 

t,2i,B,f,3, Europe. L. 



120 fasciata 3646 banded 

[^Vivipara yai,'] 

121 dissimilis 3647 dissimilar 

122 angularis 3661 angular 

123 nemoralis 3647 varied 



126 hortensis 3649 garden 

[grisea,] 



L. t, 49, /. 47. F. t, 62, 
/.D.2,D.3,&D.4. C.9, 
f. 1 30 j: 1156-8. 2). 4, 
M31. P,B,Z.4,t,S7, 
f.3. M,p.^07, Fer,t,l8 
& (.24,/.3. Dr,t,5,f,2S, 

Britain, &c. L. 
127 haemastoma 3650 rose-lipped L, t, 1055,/. 2. F, t, 64, 

/ A. 4. C, 9, t, 130, 
/.1 150-1. E.M,t,^G2, 
/4. Fer,t.32,B,f,l,2,5, 

South America. L. 
Z.<.95,/.96. C.9, (.130, 

/1161. Fer.f.45. Jamaica. L. 
B.M5,/17,18. C.9,M30, 
/.1162-5. Fer.t.l2,l3, 
14,/1.5,«.25,/9&10 
Sit, 1 1 .A./. 14. Amboyna. L. 



128 lactea 

129 picu 



3629 milky 
3650 painted 



HELIX. 



165 



Linn, names, Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, Habitat. 

ISO versicolor 3651 diversified Z?.M6,/.9,10. Fer.t, 17 , 

/1-3. 
131 aperta 3651 gaping 



u. 



132 fiisca 



B,t.l5j,l9,Z0. C.9,M33, 
/. 1204-5. Fer, ^ 11, 
/.17-21. Dr.t.5j.ze8c 
27. Island of St. Croix. 

brown 3/.p.424,M3,/.l. Z.T.S, 

p,209, Britain. L. 

133 fuscescens 3639 glossy S,Erd,t,l,f,U. Fer.t.9,A, 

y.6. Denmark. L. 

X34 consolidata square- tipped C.9,M 36,/. 1258. Surinam. L. 

135 decollata 3651 truncated L. t. 17, f. 12 & 18,/ 13. 

G. t. 4;,f. O.P.Q. C, 9, 
M36,/.1254-5. 

South of Europe. L. 

F.^65,/.B.10. C.9,M36, 
/.1256-7. St. Domingo. L. 

Z.M4,/.9. G,t.G,f, 1. 

C.9,<.135,/1226. East Indies. 

Z.M18,/13. G,t,ej,H. 

C.9,M35,/.1228. India. Fr.w. 

3654 white-spotted B.M 6^1 14. u. 

3645 wave striped J?.f.l6,/.15. u. 

3656 roughly C.9,«.l 36,/ 1259-60. 

striated Coromandel. Fr.w. 

3522 red marked S,Einl,2tp.l99, 

[Str.Vibex.'] 

143 crenata 3655 crenated C.9,M35,/.1230. 

Madagascar. Fr.w. 

3654 shimngbrownZ.M16,/ll. C.9,<.135, 

/1 229. East Indies. Fr.w. 



136 truncata 



137 calcarea 



flag 



chalky 



138 cuspidata 3655 pointed 



139 pHcaria 

140 undulata 

141 aspera 

142 Vibex 



144 fuscata 



166 



HELIX. 



Linn, names. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

145 lubrica 3661 glossy J»f.|j.390,r.22,/.6. L.t.%, 

p.213. 



Britain, &c. L. 



146 Stagnorum 3653 barleycorn Bast.Z,p.77,t.7jA. 

Holland. Fr.w. 

147 obscura 3661 small brown iJf.p.391,<.22,/.5. L.T.S, 

p.212,f.5,/ll. Britain. L. 

148 Lackhamen- Lackham ilf.|}.394,Ml,/.3. L.T.8, 

sis p.2l2. 

149 octanfracta 3668 8-whirled M.p.Sde&p.SSSyt.Uj.B. 

[peregrina.'] L.T.B^p.Zll. Fr.w. 



150 octona 



slender 



151 Columna 3653 Column 



L.t.20j.l5. C.9,M36, 
/1264. 3f.iS'w/)p/.p.l44. 
Z.r.8,ja.211,f.5,/.10. 

West Indies. L. 

Z.r.S9,/.37.b. C.9,M12, 
/. 954-5 & 11, «. 213, 
/.3020.1. ^.Af.f.459, 
f.5. Guinea. L. 

152 incumbens 8524 tawny striped A/. T. 2, p. 149. B. stria- 

\_Str, striatus.'] turn. u. 



153 Pella 



154 bifasciata 



155 Car inula 



156 detrita 



3654 small red L.S.N.p.U^S. 
brown 



Iceland. 



double-banded2).l,M0. M.p. 346,f.22, 

y.l. T»/asciatus, Britain. &c. L. 

3655 brown lined C.9,M36,/.1263,fM).l-4. 

Guadaloupe. L. 

3660 smooth L. t, 8, /. 2. C. 9,^ 134, 

rayed /. 1225. a-d. Dr. U 4, 

/.21. Italy. L. 



HELIX. 



167 



Linn, names. Gm, EngL names. Synonyms, Habitat, 

157 Guadalou- Guadaloupe L. t, 8,/. 1. C. 9, t, 134, 

pensis y.l224. Guadaloupe. 

158 substriata 8667 substriated M. p,384i,t, II ,/. I, L.T.S, 

p,2l7. detrita, 

Britain, &c. Fr.w. 

Cj./.5,/.N. New Holland. Fr.w. 

C.9,M35,/.1243. a.b. 

Coromandel. Fr.w. 

C.5,M60,/.1513. East Indies. L. 



159 undata 3667 waved 

160 fluviatilis 3665 river 

[^Lanchaurica,'] 

161 Lyonetiana 3581 distorted 

IT. distortus,"] 

162 Pupa 3656 Pupa 

163 Barbara 3656 Barbary 

164 Amarula 3656 Mitre 



stagnalii 



L,S,N,p,l2^S, Mauritania. 

L.S.N.p.l24,S. Algiers. 

Z.M33,/.33. G.6,/.B. 
jP. ^ 61,/.G.5. C.9, 
MS4/.1218.19. E,M. 
<.458,/.6. Asia. Fr.w. 

165 turbinata 3668 turbinated S.Fluss,p.360tt.lO.B,f.l. 

The Danube. 

Z.M23,/.21. G,t.5J,l. 
C.9,t, 135,/. 1237-8. 
E,M.t.^59,f.e. P,B,Z. 
4,r. 89,/.l. 2).2,<.51, 
/.2. M.p.S67,M6,/.8. 
Dr.t.2,f.3S & 39. 

Britain, &c. Fr.w. 

S.Fluss,p,309yt.7,f.S. 

Denmark. Fr.w. 

C, 9, t, 135, /. 1239-40. 
D.5,M71,/.l. P,B.Z. 
4,^89,/. 2. Af.jp.373, 
M6,/.10. Z)r.^2,/.40- 
42. Britain, &c. Fr.w. 



167 fragilis 3658 brittle 

168 palustris 3658 Marsh 



168 



HELIX. 



ZtiMi. names, 

169 fossaria 

170 albicans 

171 putris 



172 succinea 



Gm, Engl, names. Synonyms, Hahiiai. 

ditch 3f.|).372,M6,/9. L.T.S, 

p,il7,t.5jf.9. Britain, Fr.w. 
3666 white S.Fluss.p.3U,t.7J.G. 

Hamburg. Fr.w. 
thin yellowishZ. t. Uli^f. 23. P.B.ZA, 

t.Sdjf.S. M.t.lG,f.S. 
L.T.8,p.2l7. Fer.t.n, 
/.4-10. Dr.t.Sj.2i. 

Britain, &c. Fr.w. 

amber coloured C.9,M35,/.1248. M.t.lS^ 

fA.D.t.ieSj.l.L.T.S, 
p.2lS. Fr.w. 



173 truncatula 3659 small dark S.Fluss.p.3lSyt.7,f.l3, 



174 inflata 

175 opaca 

176 tentacubta 



brown 

3666 inflated 

3667 opake 
3662 olive 



Saxony. Fr.w. 
S.Fluss.p.3U,t.7J.5. 



177 repanda 



178 canalis 



179 lutea 



180 auricularia 3662 eared 



S,Fluss,t.7,f,l7. Hamburg. Fr.w. 

/^.M32,/.32. G.t.oJ.B. 

C. 9, t, 135,/ 1245. 

P.B.ZA.t.SdJ.e. D.3, 

<.93. M.p.3%9. Dr.t.l, 

f, 1 9. Britain, &c. Fr.w. 

3666 ventricose S.Fluss.p.320yt7 JAG. 

Tangelstadt. Fr.w. 

channelled L. T. S,p. 220. ^f. 1. 12, 

f.ll. Britain. 

M.|}.380,M6,/.6. L.r.8, 

p.222. 

Z.M23,/.22. G.t.5j.¥. 

C. 9, t. 135, /.1 241 -2. 

P.B.ZAyt.S9j.4. D.2, 

t.5\jA. 3/.|j.375,M6, 

/.2. Z)r.<.2,/.28& 29. 

Britain, &c. Fr.w. 



yellow 



Pl,SS 




/jy^a^*^ / 



iFVjB^ 







♦ 



/<^4f^ /(^^'^ 



Pt^ 





•^ - ^^ ^^^ Af/«r 










r^^n f464^ 



N E R I T A. 



169 



182 glutinosa 



Linn, names, Gm, EngL names. Synonyms, Habitat, 

181 Sicula Sicilian Br. E,M,p,SS5, G,t,5, 

/N. S.Fluss,t.lO.A,f,7, 
Dr, t,2j, 30 & 3\, Sicily. Fr.w. 

3659 membranous M. p, 379, t. 16, /. 5, & 

Suppl, p. 139, L,T,S, 
p.222. Britain, &c, Fr.w. 

3663 smooth flesh- P,*B, Z, 4, ^89,/.8. D,3, 
coloured t, 105. M, p, 382, & 

Suppl, p, 140. L, T, 8, 
p,222, Britain, &c. 

3663 Baltic L,S,N,p,\250, Baltic. 

185 neritoidea 3663 nerite-shaped G.f.64,/1. 



183 laevigata 



184 Balthica 



186 perspicua 

187 haliotoidea 

188 ambigua 

189 acutangula 



3663 large-mouth. L,S,N,p,l250, Mediterranean. 

3663 Venus' ear C.l,f.l6,/.151-3. 

3665 ambiguous A,t,13yf,l. F,t,70yf,G,l, 

G.2. 



brittle acute- B,E,C,p,l7lyt,2e,f.\, u. 

angled 



XXX. NERITA. 



NERITE. 



1 Canrena 



3699 varied 



2 Candida 



!oned 



L.<.560,/.4. G,t,e7J.y. 
M,Suppl,p.\^%, E,M, 
«. 453,/. 1,2. &f. 455, 
/. 3-5, L. T, 8,p, 223. 
Z).5,M67. Britain, &c. 

C, 5, t, 187,/ 1887-91. 
E,M,tA53yf,3, Moluccas. 



170 



N £ R I T A. 



Linn, names, 

3 cancellau 

4 sulcata 

5 glaucina 



6 Vitcllus 



7 spadicca 



8 nifa 



9 punctata 



3673 grooved 
3671 livid 



Gm. Engl, names, Synonym$, Hahiiai. 

3670 latticed Z.r.566,/.16. C.5,f.l88, 

/.1911-U. West Indies. 

B.unj.bfi. u, 

L. f. 568,/. 19. C?. 1.67, 
/. A. B. C. 5, 1. 186, 
/.1856.9. P.B.Z.4,t.O, 
/.I. D.l,t.ZOj.l. M. 
p.469. Britain, &c 

L. t.565,fA2. G.e.67, 
/.L. C. V- 186/. 1866- 
1867. Amboynju 

3672 chestnut-co- C. 5,/. 18 7,/. 18 72-3. Mauritius. 
loured 



3671 clouded 
yellow 



3672 reddish 



punctured 



10 fulininea 3672 zig-zag 



Z./.606,/.34. C.5,M87, 
/. 1874-5. M. Suppl, 
/i.l50,r.30/.3. Britain, &c. 

C.ll,M97,/.1903-4. 

Mediterranean. 

L.t.5G7jf.l7. G.t.67, 
/.M. C.5,M87,/.1881-. 
1884. Moluccas. 



11 orientalis 367S Eastern C.5,M 88,/. 1898-9. Eastlndies. 

12 cruentata 3673 red spotted C.5,M 88,/. 1900-1. Tranquebar. 

13 rugosa 3673 wrinkled C.5,M 88,/ 1902-3. West Indies. 

14 Marochiensis 3673 wave striped C.5,M 88,/ 1905-10. Africa. 

15 arachnoidca 3674 spider marked C.5,M 88,/ 191 5-1 6. u. 

16 vittata 3674 ribbon C.5,M88,/.1917-18. Morocco. 

17 Albumen 3671 livcr-co- 7*. y/?w6, /.1 0,/ 1 1 . C.5, 

loured /.1 89,/ 1924-3. Amboyna. 



N E R I T A. 



171 



Linn, names* 
18 Zebra 



19 Mammilla 3672 Nipple 



20 Papilla 

21 pallidula 

22 Corona 

23 Radula 

24 Magdalense 

25 cornea 

26 fluviatilis 



pallid 



3675 Eastern 
crown 



27 littoralis 3677 strand 



28 lacustris 

29 dubia 

30 marginata 

31 pulligera 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, Habitat. 

Zebra C, 1. 124,/. 1080. E.M. 

t,i55,f,3. u. 

Z.^571,/.22. G.t,67j,C, 
C. 5, f. 189,/. 1928-31. 
E.M,t.45Sj,5, West Indies. 

3675 pap-sbapcd C.5,f.l89/.1939. Tranquebar. 

D,lyt,\6yf,l, 3f.p.468. 

Z.r.8,2}.226. Britain. 

iF.^61,/.D.7. C.9,M24, 
/.1 083-4. Ganges&China. Fr.w. 

3676 rough-ribbed B,t,l7J.7,8. C, 5, t 190, 

/.1 946-7. Amboyna. 

3677 Magdalen A,t,\S,f,5, Magdalen Islands. 

S, C(mch.lyp,S2S. Red Sea. 

Z.M41,/.38 & <.607,/.43. 

G,t,4J,L,L. C.9,M24, 

/1 088. P,B,Z,4f,t,90, 

/.2. Z).l,<.16,/.2. M. 

p.470, Dr.t,lJ,3,4f. 

Britain, &c. Fr.w. 

Z./.607,/.39-42. G./.64, 
/.N. C.5,M85,/.1854. 
P,B,Z,^,t,90j,3, D,l, 
<.20,/.2. ^.2).467. 

3677 lake G,tA,f,M,M. Europe. Fr.w. 

3676 blackmarkedC.5,M93,/.2019-20. u. 

3677 margined S,Einl,2,t.4,f,\G, v. 

3678 reddish L, t, 143, /. 37. G, t, 4, 

/. H. H. C. 9, t. 124, 
/.1 078-9. E.M.t,455, 
J, 1 . India. Fr.w. 



3676 horn 
3676 river 



172 



N E R I T A. 



i 



Linn, names. 

32 aculeata 

33 Pupa 

34 bidens 

35 flavescens 

36 viridis 



Gm, Engl, names, 
36 8 G spinous 

3679 black and 
white 

3679 double- 
toothed 



Synonyms, 



HahUai. 



C.10,<. 169,/ 1642. India. Fr.w. 

L, t. 605,/. 31. P,t.l5, 
/8. Jamaica. 

F,t, 1 0, lower/. R. New Zealand. 



yellowish C.10,M65,/1594-5. 

Nicobar Islands. 



3679 green 



37 virginea 3679 zig-zag 



38 turrita 

39 polita 

40 litteraU 

41 piperina 

42 Larva 

43 atrata 

44 aterrima 

45 Antillarum 

46 Peloronta 



3686 turretcd 
3680 mottled 



3685 streaked 



Z.f.601,/18. C.9,M24, 
/ 1 089. West Indies. Fr.w. 

L, t, 604, / 24-7. C. 9, 

M24,/.1086-7. a-1. 

C.9,M24,/.1085. 



Z.^602,/.20. G.t,eej,G. 

C.5,M93./.2002-3. Amboyna. 
C.5,f.l93,/2016-18. Eastlndies. 

C.ll,M97,/.1905-6. Malabar. 



triangular 
spotted 

3679 broad-bandedC.5,M93,/.2017. Amboyna. 

3683 smooth F. t, 70,/ F.l.F.2. C. 5, 

black M90,/1954-5. West Indies. 

3679 thick opake C.5,M 92,/ 1985-6. u. 
3685 wrinkle-lippedC.5,M 92^.1987. West Indies, 

3680 purple- L.t.595j,l. G,t,e6J.Z, 

streaked C. 5, 1. 1 92,/ 1977-84. 

E,M.t,454fyf,Z, 



47 albicella 



3681 pimple lippedZ.r.600,/. 16. F.t,UJ,F, 

C.5,M 93,/2000.a-h. 

Cape of Good Hope. 




N E R I T A. 



173 



Linn, names, 

48 maxima 

49 textilis 

50 Histrio 

51 plicata 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat, 

3683 great black C.5,M 90,/. 1942-3. u. 

and yellow 

3683 thrush L.t.59S,f.U. C.5,M90, 

/.1 944-5. Tranquebar. 

3681 toothlipped Z.<.598,/.11. C.5,M90, 

/.1 948-9. East Indies. 

3681 wrinkle- L.t.595J.S. G.t.GGj.Y. 

lipped C. 5, t. 190,/. 1952-3. 

E.M.t.454fyf.5. Tranquebar. 

52 Ascensionis 3683 Ascension C.5,M91,/.1956-7. 

Island of Ascension. 



53 lineata 



54 versicolor 



3684 lined 



C.5,M91,/.1958-9. E.M. 
tA55ffA. Str. of Malacca. 



3684 purple F. 1. 10,/. S. C. 5, 1. 191, 

tessellated /.1 962-3. E.M.t.454, 

f.7. West Indies. 



55 Pica 

56 flammea 

57 costata 

58 bizonalis 

59 grossa 



3684 pied 

3685 spotted 

silver 

3684 ribbed 



C.5,M91,/.1964-5. Amboyna. 
C.5,t.l92./.1992-3. Westlndies. 



C.5,M91,/.1966-7. 

Nicobar Islands. 



two-zoned jE.Af.^454,/3. 



u. 



3682 red thrush P.Amb.t.5,f.S. C.5,M91, 

/.1 968-9. Asiatic Ocean. 



60 Chamaeleon 3682 Chameleon G.^66,/.X. P.Amb.t.U, 

f.7. C.5.<.192,/.1988- 
1991. Moluccas. 



61 Stella 



black rayed C.l l,M97,/.1907-8. East Indies. 



174 



H A L I O T I S. 



Linn, names. 
62 undata 



OS undulata 
64 Exuvia 



3678 thin waved 
3683 Exuvia 



65 quadricolor 

66 MalacccnsLs 

67 fulgurans 

68 tessellata 

69 Stercus mus- 

carum 

70 auricidata 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms, HahilaU 

3682 waved ZJ.596,/.T. G.t.Sej.P. 

C.5, M90,/. 1950-1. 

E.M.tA5^,f.e. East Indies. 

C.5,M91,/.1970.1. 

L.t.596J.5. K.S,t.lJ'5' 
C. 5, t. 191,/. 1972-3. 
E.M.t.^5^J.l. Jamaica. 

3684 four-coloured C.5,«. 191, /.1 974-5. Red Sea. 

3684 Malacca C.5,M 92,/. 1976. 

Straits of Malacca. 

C.5,M 92,/. 1996-7. West Indies. 

C.5,M 92,/ 1998-9. 

C.5,M87,/1894. E.M. 
^453,/.6. 

E.MX.4iS5J.O. 



3685 lightning 
3685 tessellated 
dotted 

eared 



America. 



New Holland. Fr.w. 



XXXI. HALIOTIS. SEA EAR. 



1 MidsB 3687 leafy Z.<.613/.5. G.t.69J.B. 

/.1 41. East Indies. 

2 pulcherrima 3690 white and M. U. C. 2, t. 62. CIO, 

rose-coloured M 66,/ 1605-6. South Sea. 

3 virginea 3690 iridescent C.10,M 66,/ 1607*8. 

New Zealand. 




H A L I O T I S. 



175 



Linn, names, 
4 tuberculata 



5 striata 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

3687 common Z.^611,/.2. G.t.69,f.J. 

C. 1, t. 16, /. 146-S>. 
P.B.Z.^,t.9i. D.l,t.5. 
M.pA73. Britain, &c. 

3688 wrinkled C.l,«.14,/.138. Asiatic Ocean. 



6 bistriata 3689 double-lined L.t.612,f.S. C. 1,^15, 

/.1 42. Africa. 



7 varia 



3688 rough 

striated 



L. t. 612, /. 4. G. t. 69, 
/.L.M. C.1,M5,/.144. 

East Indies. 



8 marmorata 3688 marbled Z.^614,/.6. G.f.69,/.A. 

C.l,<.14,/.139. 



9 glabra 



10 asinina 



11 australis 



3690 smooth C.10,M 66,/. 1602. B.ofNaples. 

mottled 

3688 Ass's ear Z.^610,/.l. G.t.69j.D. 

C.1,M6,/.150. Amboyna. 

3689 rough plaited C. 10, t, 166, /. 1604 & 

1604 a. New Zealand. 



12 gigantea 3691 gigantic M. U. C. 2, t. 63. C. 10, 

M67,/.1610-ll. New Holland. 



13 Iris 



14 Cracherodii 



15 ovina 



16 parva 



3691 Iris 



M.U.C.2,t.6\. C. 10, 

M 67./. 1612-1 3. New Zealand. 



Cracherode*8 Z.Z.Af.l,|}.131,^58. California. 



3691 chestnut C.l 0,^.1 66,/. 1609. 

marbled 



u. 



3689 small orange F. t. 5, /. D. C. 1, 1. 14, 

/.140. China. 



176 



PATELLA. 



Linn, names. Gm. Engl, names, 

17 Guineensis 36S9 decussated 

18 imperforata 3690 imperforate 



Synonyms. 



HaUlat. 



S.Einl.2,p.3SS,t.4ff'^^' Guinea. 

Z.M056,/.6,7. F.t.5, 
f.F. C.10,<.166,/.1600- 
1601. E.M.t.4i50,f.l. 

East Indies. 



19 inibricata 


imbricated 


E.M.t.^50j.2. 


V 


20 phymotis 


irregular 


E.M.t.450j.5, 


V 


21 planulata 


oblong, 


E.M.t.450j.4!. 


u, 



mottled 



XXXIL PATELLA. LIMPET. 



I equestris 



2 Neptuni 



3 Tectum 



4 Sinensis 



5 auricula 



3691 cup-and- /;.f.54.6,/.S8. G.L9J.Z. 

saucer C 1,^.1 3,/. 119,120. Amboyna* 

Neptune's cap F. t. 4,/. B. 3. C. 1 , f . 1 3, 

^ /.1 17-18. St. Domingo. 

Chinese roof F.t.i,f.^.\. CAO,t. 168, 

/1 630-1. China. 

Z. «.546,/.39. C.1,M3, 
/. 121-2. D. 4, 1. 129, 
M.p.489,L 1 3,/.4. Britain, &c. 

3694 ear-shaped P.<.21,/.11. C.10,M68, 

/.1 628-9. West Indies. 



3692 Chinese 
bonnet 



6 trochiformis 3693 trochus- 

shaped 



F.f.4,/.A.l. C.10,M68, 
/.1626-7. Tranquebar. 



PATELLA. 



177 



Linn, names. 

7 trochoides 

8 neritoidea 

9 porcellana 



10 fornicata 

11 aculeata 

12 Goreensis 

13 Crepidula 

14 laciniosa 

15 plicaria 

16 monopis 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

wave ribbed -F.^4,/. A.2. C.1,M3, 

/.135. u. 

3692 chambered L.t.545J.3e. C. 1,M3, 

/. 133-4. Indian Seas. 

3692 brown spotted Z. t. 545, f. 34. C. 1, ^.13, 

/. 127-8 & 9, t. 124, 
/1082. 

3693 slipper Z.(.545,/.33&35. C.l, 

M 3,/. 129-30. Mediterranean. 

3693 spiny ribbed F.f.4,/.F.2. C.10,M68, 

/.1624-5. W. Indies. 

3C94 Sandal C.l,M3,/.13J-2. Goree. 

3695 transparent L,S.N.p.l257. Mediterranean, 
white 

3695 white-eyed F.t.2yf.l. C.1,M0,/.81. 

Amboyna. 

3708 plaited B.t.lS,f.l. u. 

3707 chesnut C.l,^9,/.80. West Indies, 

streaked 



17 saccharina 3695 star 



L. t. 532, f. 10. G. t. 9, 
/.I.M. C.l,^.9,/.70& 
76. Amboyna. 



18 angulosa 8707 angular F.t.2,f.C. C.l,f.8,/.69. France. 

19 repanda 3707 small sun iP.^2,/.G.l. Island of Cerigo. 



20 tenuis 



3708 thin amber F.t.2j.A. C.l,M0,/.87. u. 



21 margaritacea 3707 great sim G.t.8,f.L. F. «. 2,/. G.2. 

C.1,M0,/.85.A.B. Patagonia. 



22 barbara 



3696 toothed K.5,t.l3,f.5. Falkland Islands. 

N 



178 PATELLA. 

Litm, names. Gm* Engl, names* Synonyms. HahitaU 

23 Cypria 3698 white ribbed F. 1. 11,/. D.l . C. 1, «. 9, 

/.79. New Zealand. 

24 Ociilus Goat's eye G.<.9,/.H. F.t.iyf.M. 

C.lft.l 0,/. 86 . Mediterranean. 

25 pentagona 3708 five-angled B.<.18,/.4,5. u. 

26 granularis 3696 wh.-grained Z.^.536,/.15. F.t.3J'.4,.D. 

C.l,<.8,/.61. 

Cape of Good Hope. 

ft7 granatina 3696 garnet Z.^534.,/.13. tr.f.9,/.F. 

F.<.2,/.B.3&4. C.l,f.9, 
/.71.2. 



28 chlorosticta 3707 pigeon's C.l,e.lO,/.84.A.B. Jamaica. 

tliroat 

29 tigrina 3707 tiger C.l,^9,/.78. u. 

30 ornata adorned C.ll,t.l97,/.1914-15. 

New Zealand. 

31 melanogram- 3706 black-ribbed C.l,^8,/.67. u. 

ma 

82 ferruginea 3706 rusty F-t.3j.D.2. C.10,«.168, 

/. 1 6 1 6. Str. of Magellan. 

33 crenata 3706 little gray G.t.9,f.G. F.<.2,/.E. 

Mediterranean. 

34 Umbella 3706 rose streaked Z.<.538,/.21. F.t.l^f.H. 

1&2. C.l,f.8,/.63. Africa. 

35 Ulyssiponen- 3706 Buckler C.l,«.8,/.62. Lisbon. 

sis 

36 radiata radiated C.11,M97,/.1916.17. Moluccas. 

37 lugubris 3705 black F.<.l,/M. C.l,«.8,/.60. 

Provence. 



PATELLA. 



179 



42 militaris 



hooked 



43 mitrula 



3708 small 



Linn, names, Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

38 vulgata 3697 common Z. ^535,/.14. C. 1,^5, 

/.38. P.B.Z.4,L92j.l. 
Z).1,M4. 3f.jp.475. 

Britain, &c. 

39 tuberculata 3697 wh.-pimpled L.S.N.p.l25d. u. 

40 Cochlear 3721 horse-shoe B.t.l8j.5. K.2,t.2ej.3. 

F.^79,upper/. B. N. Zealand. 

41 ungarica 3709 bonnet G.f.9,/.V.& V.V. F.f.4, 

/.E.2. C.1,M2,/.107- 
108. P.B.Z.^,t.93j.\. 
D.l,t.2\J.l. 3f.|).486. 

Britain, 8cc. 

Zr.^544,/. 32. F.t.4j.B. 
2).5, M71. M.p.488, 
M3,/.ll. 

Z.^544,/.30-l. C.1,M2, 
imbricated /. 111-13. A/. j». 485, 

M3,/.9. 

white ridged C.ll,M97,/.1919-20. S. Seas. 
3712 helmet M.U.C.t.18. C.10,«.169, 

/.1 643-4. 

N.W. Coast of America. 

C.l,f.l2,/.115. P.B.Z.4i, 

<. 93,/.2. Z).5,M46. 

M.Suppl.p.l5^. L.T.8, 

p. 231. Britain, &c. 

lentil seed F.t.^J.C. C.1,M2,/.116. 

Otaheite. 

L.L530J.8. C.1,M2,/.114. 

Tranquebar. 
L. t. 537, f. 17. F.t. 3, 
/.F.l. C.l,<.7,/.58-9. 

West Indies. 
n2 



44 cochleata 

45 Calyptra 



46 intorta 3713 inclining 

[Pectunculus.'] 



47 cassida 



48 Tranqueba- 3714 brilliant 

rica 

49 mammillaris 3709 nipple 



180 



PATELLA. 



Lirm. naiiiM* Gm, Engl, names. Sfnonymi. Habitat. 

50 leucopleura 3699 small, rayed L. t. 5S9, f. i2. C.l,t. 7» 

F.56'7. West Indies- 

51 tricarinata 3710 small three- C.10,<. 168,/. 1622-3. 

keeled New Zealand. 

52 pectinata 3710 gray, striated 5.J?m/.2,|i.418,^5,/.3. 

Mediterranean. 

53 fusco-lutea yellowish brown B.M 8^. 8. u. 

54 lutea 3710 yeUow F.t.5,f.E. C.1,M7,/.154- 

155. Amboyna. 

C.1,M2^.114.A.B. Goree. 

Z.M41,/.39. G.tA J.B.B. 
Z).5, M47. M.p. ^S2. 
L.T.8,p.232. Dr.t.2, 
f.%5-27. Britain, &c. Fr.w. 

G.tA,f.\.A. Z).5,M50. 

Zr. jE .8,J9.233. I 



55 perversa 3714 reverse, 

tipped 

56 lacustris 3711 lake 

{Jiuviatilis.'] 



57 oblonga 3710 oblong 

[laoistris,'] 



58 pellucida .3717 pellucid blue C. 10, /. 168, /. 1620. 

rayed P.B.ZA,t. 93 JA. M. 

pA77 & Suppl.p.l53. 

Britain, &c. 



59 caerulea 



opake blue L. t. 5i2J. 26 & 543^.27. 
rayed C. 10, t. 168, /. 1621. 

M.SuppLp.l52. 



60 radians gray, mottled C.l 0,^.1 68,/. 161 8. N.Zealand. 

61 Rota 3720 roundish C. 10,^.1 68,/ 161 9. West Indies. 

62 testudinaria 3717 greattortoise-Z.^531,/.9. G.t. 8,/B. 



shell 



C.l,f.6,/45-8. East Indies. 



63 testudinalis 3718 small tortoise- C 10, 1. 168,/. 1614-15. 

shell F.t.lJ.Q.2. Greenland. 



PATELLA. 



181 



Linn, names. 
64 compressa 



65 Afi-a 



Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms Habitat. 

S718 flat-sided L.t.5^\,f.25. F.t.3j'.B.S 

C.1,M2,/.106. 

Cape of Good Hope. 

3715 African G.t.9,f.C. C.1,^5,/.S4. Goree. 



66 Lusitanica S715 narrow- G.e.8,/.N.M.P. F.t.lJ.I. 

ribbed C.l,«.5,/.35-6. Portugal. 



67 Jamaicensis 3715 orange lined C.l,^5,/.37. 



Jamaica. 



68 stellifera 3719 brown and C.10,f.l68,/.1617. 

white starred Friendly Islands. 



69 fusca 



70 areolata 



3719 sugar-loaf F.t.\,f.k.%. C.l,f.5,/.40. 

Falkland Islands. 

3716 pyramidal F.M,/.A.l. C.l,t.5,/.41. 

Straits of Magellan. 



71 flammea 3716 agate 



72 Indica 



3716 Indian 



73 vitellina 3716 yellow 



F.tlJ.V.2. C.l,«.5/.42. 

Falkland Islands. 

G.t.Sj.E. F.UIJ.G. C.l, 
f.7,/.49. East Indies. 

A". 1,<. 20,/.2. C.l,t.7, 
/.5I. u. 



74 laevigata 3717 white tipped C.l,f.7,/.54. 

75 Surinamensis3716 brown rayed Cl,f.7,/.50. 

76 punctulata 3705 dotted C.l,^.7,/.55. 



u. 



Surinam. 



u. 



77 notata 



3719 wheat-sheaf C.l0yp.S20,f.C.D. W. Indies. 



78 cruciata 3719 white cross S.EinL2yp.^32ft.5,f.e. u. 

79 reticulata 3719 reticulated S.EinLft,p.4i3S,t.5,f.7. 

Mediterranean. 



182 



PATELLA. 



Linn, names. 
80 caeca 



81 virginea 



Om, Engl, names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

3711 little white M.Z.D.l,t.nj.l'3. Norway, 
bordered 

3711 red rayed Z).l,t.21,/.2. M.p.4S0. 

L. T.S,p.235. Britain, &c. 

82 tessellata 3711 tessellated M.Z.D.\,t.\%J.QJ. Norway. 

3712 orange M.Z.D.t.2^jA-S. 

tawny 



83 fulva 



84 ambigua white duck's bill C.l 1,«.197,/1918. N. HoUand. 

85 umbellata 3720 Chinese F.t.3,f.H. C.l,^6,/.44& 





parasol 


10,M69,/.1645-6. China. 


86 Fissura 


3728 slit 


L. t. 534, /. 28. F. t. 4, 
/M.l. C.1,M2,/.109- 
110. P.B.Z.4,t.93j.S. 
D.t.3j.2. 3/.p.490. 

Britain, &c. 


87 incisa 


reticulated 


C. 11,^.1 97,/. 1925-6. 




slit 


Falldand Islands. 



88 fissurata 



rose coloured C.l l,t. 197 Ji 1929-30. Ceylon, 
slit 



89 apertura 3728 perforated C. 11, t. 197,/ 1927-8. 
Ifasurella.] M.p.^91,t.l 3,f. 1 & 

Suppl.p.l55. L.T.S, 
p.236. Britain, &c. 

3728 doubtful Z.f.528/.3. C.10,M68, 

/1 632-3. West Indies. 

3728 cancellated L.t.527,f.2. Cr.<.9,/N. 

C.1,^.11,/98-9. P.5.Z. 
4,t.92,/.3. D.t.21,f.3. 
ilf.j9.492. Britain, &c. 

black ring L. t. 528,/. 5. C. 1, 1. 12, 

/.1 04. Barbadoes. 



90 Pustula 



91 Grseca 



92 atricapilla 



DENTALIUM. 



183 



Linn, names. Gm. EngL names. Synonyms. Habitat. 

93 nodosa S731 tuberculated Z.«.528,/.6. FJ.3,/.D. 

[spinosa.^ Barbadoes. 

94 perforata 3730 partridge L. t. 528,/. 7. C. 1, M 1, 

/.93,96-7. 

95 Caffra 3730 African C.l,«.ll,/.95. C. of Good Hope. 

96 Pileolus open cap C.11,M97,/.192«. u. 

97 Scutellum 3731 Scutcheon P.<.3,/.11. F.t.S J.A.I. 

Falkland Islands. 

98 picta 3729 painted , F.t.Sj.AA. C. 1,M1, 

/.90. 

99 nimbosa 3729 scaly ribbed G.t.9,f.R.S. F.t.Sj.A.S. 

C.l,Ml,/.91-2. Martinique. 

100 nubecula 3729 variegated C'.1,M2,/.105. Mediterranean. 

red & white 

101 Porphyrozo-3730 Porphyry C.l,M2,/.102-3. N.America. 

nias 

1 02 Macroschis- oblong perfo- C 1 1 ,t. 1 97,/. 1 923-4. Japan. 

ma rated 



XXXIII. DENTALIUM. TOOTH-SHELL. 

1 rectum 3738 straight P.t.95J.U. G.t.lOj.H. 

C.l,f.l,/.4,Ar Indian Seas. 

2 elephantinum3736 fluted ele- L. t. 547, upper /. 1. 

phant's G^.M0,/1. C.1,<.1, 

/.5.A. 

3 aprinum 3736 white, ribbed C.l,M,/.4. B. 



184 



D E N T A L I U M. 



Li9M. names. 
4 striatulum 



5 Dentalis 



6 Entalis 



Gm. EngL names, Synonytns. Habitat. 

S73S striated Z.<.547, lower/. C.1,M, 

/.5.B. D.BM^^' M. 
SuppLp.155. Britain, &c. 

F.t.5,f.EA. M.p.495. 

L.T.S,p.2S7. 



3736 curved, 
striated 



3736 common 



L. t. 547, f. 2. & 1. 1056, 
/A.G.tAOj.E.P.B.Z. 
4, <. 93^.5. D.2,tAS. 
M.pA94t. 



7 comeum 



3737 horn-co- 
loured 



S.EmL2,p.523,t,e,f.ie. 

African Ocean. 



8 politum 3737 ring striated G. 1. 10,/ F. C. 1, 1. 1, 

/.3.A. India. 

9 ebumeum 3737 smooth ivory L.S.N.p,l264. 

10 fasciatum 3737 banded F. t. 5,f. £.2. C. 1, 1. 1, 

/3.B. Sicily. 

11 Gadus Hake's M.pA9e,t.UJ.7. L.T.S, 

p.2SS. British Channel. 

12 inperforatum minute, trun- W.M.S./.15. M.p.4f96. 

cated Z.r.8,|).238. Britain. 

13 Trachea minute, wind- Af. p, 497, t. 14,/. 10. 

pipe Z. 7.8,^.239. 

14 glabrum 3737 minute, ilf.p.497. Z. r.8,|).239. 

[mtmi/tim.] smooth 

16 peQucidum 3738 pellucid S.Eml.p.5i9Mff'l7. N. Seas. 



S E R P U L A. 



185 



Linn, names. Gm. Engl, names. Synonyms. 



Habitat. 



XXXIV. SERPULA. WORM-SHELL. 

1 stellaris 3747 rayed pin's Fab.F.Gr.p.SS3. Greenland. 

head 



2 Semilunum 3739 small seed 



3 incurvata 



6 Spirillum 



7 minuta 



8 spirorbis 



10 carinata 

11 granulata 

12 cancellata 

13 heterostro- 

pha 

14 corrugata 



incurved 



4 planorbis 3740 flat 
6 Cereolus 3745 bougie 



3740 minute 
spiral 

minute 

3740 tapering 
spiral 



9 triquetra 3740 three-sided 



keeled 
3741 grained 

3746 grooved 
reversed 



G.t.lOj.S. W.M.S.f.l. 
M.p.520. Britain, &c. 

W.M.S.f.U. M.p.5lS. 

L,S.N.p.li64f. Europe : on shells. 

F.t.Gj.D. C.l,t.3j.20.E. 

West Indies. 

C. 1, t. 3, / 20. C. D. 
ilf.p.499. Z. 7.8,^.240. 

Europe: on corallines. 

M.p.505. L.T.S,p.24il. Britam. 

L.t.553J.5. G.t.lOj.O. 
C. 1, t. 3,/. 21. A.B. 
P.5.Z.4,<.94,/.1. Z).l, 
^9. M.p.^dS. Britain, &c. 

G.t.lO.f.F. C.ht.SJ.25. 
D.3,t.95. M.p.5U. 

M.p.502. Z.7.8,p.242. Britain. 

D. 3, t.lOO. M.p. 500. 
L.T.S,p.Ul. 

Fab.F. Gr.p.383. Greenland. 

M.p.503. Z.r.8,|i.242. Britain. 



wrinkled M.p.502. L.T.S,p.242. 



188 TEREDO. 

Linn, names. Cm. Engl, names. Synonyms. HahiUU. 

d Utriculua S748 timber K<em.Cab.Rudolst.p.7tt.l. 

In wood in the sea. 

4 Clava 5748 club-shaped S.EM.2,p.57^ft.e^.Z0. 

E.M.t.ie7J.eA6. 

Coromandel. 



JKjA. T.^Y* T»uA, m 




II 



96 



''-w ''i 



• # # 



/« » /i.*^* /irf «■- 







iill " 



INDEX GENERUM. 

Page 

Anomia ^4 

Area 44 

Argonauta 62 

Buccinum 103 

Bulla 85 

Cardium 24 

Chama 41 

Chiton 1 

Conus 67 

Cypraea 79 

Dentalium 183 

Donax 31 

Haliotis 174 

Helix 154 

Lepas 4 

Mactra 28 

Murex 119 

Mya 10 

Mytilus 56 

Nautilus 63 

Nerita 169 

Ostrea 47 

Patella 176 

Pholas 8 

Pinna 59 

Serpula 185 

Solen 13 

Spondylus 41 

Strombus 115 

Tellina 16 

Teredo 187 

Trochus 133 

Turbo 142 

Venus S3 

Voluta 89 



ENGLISH INDEX. 

Page 

Anomia 54 

Ark 44 

Barnacle 4 

Borer 187 

Clamp 41 

CoatofMaU 1 

Cockle 24 

Cone 67 

Cowry 79 

Dipper 85 

Gaper 10 

Hinged Oyster jitl 

Limpet 176 

Mactra 28 

Muscle 56 

Nerite 169 

Oyster 47 

Paper Sailor 62 

Piercer 8 

Razor 13 

Rock 119 

Sailor 63 

Screw 115 

SeaEar 174 

Snail 154 

Tellen 16 

Tooth SheU 183 

TopShell 133 

Venus^ 33 

Volute 89 

Wedge 31 

Whelk 103 

Wing SheU 59 

Worm SheU 185 

Wreath 142 



INDEX ALPHABETICUS 



ANOMIA. pageSA, 

Sp. 

aculeata 7 

aurita 15 

Capensis 18 

Caput Serpentis .... 22 

Cepa 4 

craniolaris 1 

cnienta 25 

cylindrica 13 

detruncata 19 

dorsata 26 

electrica 5 

Ephippium 3 

flexuosa 31 

muricata 8 

patelliformls 10 

pectinata 12 

Placenta 29 

psittacea 27 

pubescens 20 

punctata 6 

retusa 16 

sanguinolenta 21 

scobinata 14 

Sella SO 

spondylodes 32 

Squama 1 1 

Terebratula 23 

tridentata 28 



Sp. 

truncata 17 

turbinata 2 

vitrea 24 

undulata 9 

ARCA. page 44. 

aequilatera 32 

angulosa 34 

antiquata 17 

barbata 3 

bicolorata 11 

Campechensis 28 

cancellata 13 

Candida 7 

complanata 8 

Corbicula 22 

Cucullus 16 

decussata 31 

fusca 14 

Glycymeris 36 

granosa 18 

imbricata 4 

Indica 21 

lacerata 10 

lactea 24 

Magellanica 9 

minuta 44 

Modiolus 15 

naviculata 5 \ 



Sp. 

Noae 2 

Nucleus ,42 

nuinmaria 40 

ovata 12 

pallens 33 

pectinata 30 

Pectunculus 29 

Pella 27 

pellucida 26 

pilosa 37 

plicata 6 

reticulata 25 

rhomboidea 19 

ros trata 43 

scripta 39 

Senegalensis 23 

senilis 20 

stellata 33 

striata 41 

tenuis 45 

tortuosa 1 

undata 35 

ARGONAUTA. p. 62. 

arctica 9 

Argo 1 

Cornu 8 

Cymbiura 7 

Gondola «... 4 



192 

Sp. 

Haustmm . • • • 5 

hians s 

tuberculata S 

vitrea 6 

BUCCINUM.p«rgel03. 

abbreviatum 12 

achatinum 32 

Aciciila 155 

Acus 145 

affine 98 

ambiguum 118 

Arcularia 40 

Areola 20 

armigenim 58 

armillatum 126 

asperum 156 

australe 96 

Bezoar 104 

bifasciatum 152 

bilineatum 28 

bulbosum 105 

cancellatum 50 

candidum 7S 

Cassis 31 

Cataracta 83 

caudatum 8 

Chalis 157 

Chinense 7 

cicatricosum 29 

cinctum 121 

cinereum 143 

cingulatum 1 67 

dathratum 114 

Cochlidium 95 

Concholepas S6 

concinnum 141 

corautum 14 

coronatum 41 



INDEX. 

Sp. 

costatum 51 

crassilabrum 166 

crassum 74 

crenulatum • 1 38 

crispatum 61 

cruentatiim 103 

cyaneum 85 

decussatum 19 

dentatum 168 

digitale 139 

dimidiatum 147 

Dolium 6 

duplicatum 142 

Echinophorum .... 9 

Erinaceus 32 

exile 93 

filosum 63 

Fimbria 34 

flammeum 17 

foliosum 39 

fumosum 99 

Galea 2 

geminuin 1 35 

gemmulatum 169 

gibbosuluin 46 

glaberrimum 90 

glabratum 79 

glaciale 106 

Glans 38 

glaucum 35 

granulatum 24 

Haemastoma 57 

Harpa 49 

hastatuin 1 50 

Haustorium 55 

hecticum 134 

hepaticum 42 

igneum 87 

Indicum 100 



Sp. 

inflatum 96 

laeye 86 

laevissimuin 84 

lamellosum 60 

lanceatum 146 

Lapillu9 62 

Lima 116 

lineatum 92 

luteostomum 59 

lyratum Ill 

Macula 1I9 

roaculatum 1 89 

maculosum 164 

minimum 1 28 

Monile 137 

Monodon 54 

muri nuro 148 

mutabile 47 

nanum 158 

neriteuro 48 

nigropunctatum, ... 1 59 

nitidulum ...127 

niveum 115 

nodosum lO 

nodulosum 33 

Norw^icum 1 63 

Nucleus 9t 

ocellatum 89 

oculatum 1 SO 

Olearium 1 

Orbita 75 

papillosum 37 

papyraceum 108 

patulum 53 

Perdix 3 

Persicum 58 

pertusum 149 

Phallus 151 

piscatoriiun 1 84 



Sp, 

plicatuluro 123 

plicatum 13 

plumatum 88 

plumbeum 70 

Pomum 4 

porcatum no 

pnerosum 94 

proximatum 136 

Pseudonum 1 70 

Pullus 43 

Pyrozonias 112 

Pynira 69 

radiatum 153 

recurvirostrum 30 

reticulatum 117 

nifum 15 

Rusticum 66 

saburon 23 

S**Mauritii 125 

Scala 76 

scutulatum 81 

sertum 65 

spadiceum 71 

spiratum 77 

stolatum 120 

striatum 160 

strigatum 21 

strigillatum 140 

strombiformc 171 

subulatum 131 

succincturn 144 

sulcatum 64 

sulcosum 5 

Tabitcnse 109 

tessellatum 27 

Testiculus 18 

testudineum 82 

textum 113 

Thersites 44 



INDEX. 

Sp. 

tigrinum 132 

Tranquebaricum . . 101 

trifasciatum 161 

Tuba 68 

tuberosum 16 

turgidum 80 

Tunis 165 

Tyrrhenum 11 

varium 67 

ventricosum 128 

▼errucosum 45 

versicolor 102 

Vibex 36 

virgineum 154 

Yittatum 138 

umbillcatum 72 

undatum 107 

undosum 97 

undulatum 25 

unifasciale 162 

Zeylanicum 78 

BULLA, page 85, 

achatina 53 

Akcra 23 

ampla 44 

Amplustre 26 

Ampulla 18 

Amygdalus 19 

apcrta 14 

bicarinata 55 

birostris 6 

canaliculata 32 

carnea 4 

Catena 15 

conoidea 33 

crassula 36 

cylindracea 57 

cylindrica 56 

o 



193 

Sp, 

Cypraa 42 

Dominicensis 95 

exarata 49 

fasciata 46 

ferruginosa 13 

Ficus 29 

fontinalis 37 

gelatinosa 40 

gibbosa 11 

haliotoidea 61 

Hydatis 17 

Hypnorum 39 

imperialis 2 

lepida 5 

lignaria 20 

Naucum 12 

nitidula 25 

obtusa 60 

Ovum 1 

patula 8 

pectinata 21 

Physis 24 

Plumula 16 

Priamus 51 

purpurea 54 

Pyrum 30 

Rapa 31 

retusa 59 

rivalis 38 

scabra 28 

Secale ! . 7 

soluta 22 

Spelta 9 

striatula 48 

strignta 47 

Terebellum 41 

truncata 50 

Velum 27 

ventricosa 43 



Huutrum S 

tuberculata 3 

BVCClS\JM.ptigelos. 

Bbbreriatuiii 12 

■chatiaum S2 

Aciculk 155 

dne ■■•••• 98 

amb^nm KB 

Arcultm 40 

Areola so 

•rmigenun 58 

artnillatum 1£G 

a«pawn 136 

auftrale 96 

Bmov 104 

tnfaKiatum IS3 

tnlineatDm ss 

bulbotum los 

cancellatuni 50 

candidum T3 

Cawi» 31 

CataracU S3 

csndatain 8 

Chali* 1" 

Chineiue ' 

cicatricMum 29 

rinctum 12' 

dnfmim >43 

cingulatum 1^" 

clathretnm "* 

Cochlidium 95 

CoDcbolepw S* 

concinnum 14' 

comutum '* 

caronatam 41 



crassilabnim 166 

crenulatiim 1^3 

cnicntatum 103 

cyancum 85 

dcctUiatum 19 

dentatuDi 168 

digitole 139 

dimidiatum I4T 

DoUum 6 

duplicatum 143 

Echinophorum 9 

exile 93 

filosum 63 

Fimbria S4 

flammeiim IT 

foliosmn 39 

fumosum 99 

geminum 135 

gemniulBlum 169 

gibboEulutn '6 

gl»berriniuni 90 

glaliralum 79 

glDCiHlc 106 

Gluns 38 

glBUi^iim 35 

granulntum S4 

Hxmasli 

hastaCum 150 

Haustorium 55 

heccicum.. 
hcpaticum. 
igiieum ■■• 



Sp. 

n se 

lainellosum GO 

lanteatum 146 

Lapillu? (.2 

Lima lie 

lineatum 92 

l)"l"n, Ill 

Macula 119 

maculBtum t!9 

maculDsum 164 

ininimum las 

Monile 137 

Monodon 54 

mutabile 47 

nanum 158 

neriteum 48 

nigropuncUtum. ... 1 59 
niuduluin ........ 1ST 

niveum 115 

Dodoium 10 

nodulosum 33 

Norwegicuni 163 

occllaium b9 

ociilalum 13Q 

Olcariiim 1 

Orbila , 




194 

Terrucosa 10 

rirginea 45 

umbilicata 58 

Voluta S4 

Volva S 

Zebra 52 

CARDIUM. page 34, 

aculeatum 1 

.£olicuin 40 

albidum 45 

apertum 35 

arcuatum 9 

Auricula 31 

Cardissa 53 

ciliare 3 

citrinum 83 

costatum 34 

discore 10 

Donacifonne ...... 38 

echinatum 3 

edule 85 

elongaturn 11 

exiguum 6 

fasciatum 13 

fimbriatum S9 

flavum 84 

flexuoeum 43 

FraguiR 50 

glaucum 16 

Groenlandicum 88 

hemicardiuin 49 

humanum 54 

Icelandicum 37 

Isocardia 15 

Isevigatum 81 

latum 48 

Lima 38 

lineatum 47 



INDEX. 

maculosum 17 

magnum 80 

medium 5 

muricatulum 18 

muricatum 14 

nodosum 7 

oblongum 83 

papyraceum 33 

pectenifonne 37 

pectinatum SO 

regulare 89 

retuiium 58 

rigidum 41 

ringens 18 

roseum 48 

nibiginosum 44 

rubrum 8 

nisticum 35 

soleniforme 36 

tuberculatum 4 

Tentricosura 19 

▼irescens 46 

Unedo 51 

CHAMA. page4\. 

Ajar 7 

antiquata 4 

Arcinella 85 

calyculata 10 

concamerata 15 

Cor 1 

coralliophaga , 17 

cordata 11 

corauta 80 

foliacea 32 

Gigas 8 

gryphoide^ 19 

Hippopus 3 

Lazarus is 



Sp. 

Moltkiana 5 

oblonga 14 

Pectunculus 16 

plumbea 6 

punctata 23 

rugosa 13 

satiata 18 

semiorbiculata — 9 

sessilis 81 

sinistrorsa 84 

trapezia 8 

CHITON, page 1. 

aculeatus 6 

albus 89 

amiculatus 18 

Asellus ••...87 

bicolor 81 

bistriatus 8 

castaneus 13 

cerasinus 88 

Cimex 86 

cinereus 31 

crinitus 35 

fasciatus 7 

fascicularis 19 

fulms 3 

fuscus 84 

Gigas 11 

granulatus 5 

hispidus 36 

icelandicus 88 

Indus 16 

levis 38 

larvseformis 40 

lineatus is 

maculatus 9 

magellanicus 83 

marginatuB 30 




Sp. 

inarmoratus 8 

minimus 95 

piceus 4 

porosus 39 

punctatus 15 

ruber 14 

spinosus 38 

squamosus 1 

sulcatus 20 

tessellatus 34 

thalassinus 37 

tuberculatus 33 

tunicatus 10 

▼iridis 17 

CONUS. page 67. 

Abbas 137 

achatinus 54 

acuminatus ....... . 31 

Adansoni 1S9 

affinis 114 

Amadis 30 

Ammiralis 33 

arachnoideus 3 

Archiepiscopus — 138 
Archithdassus — 34 

arenatus 79 

Augur 1 30 

Aulicus 145 

aurautius 36 

aureus 113 

aurisiacus 126 

australis 116 

Barbadensis 88 

betulinus 66 

buUatus 1 50 

cserulescens 24 

Caledonicus 61 

canaliculatus 11 



INDEX. 

Sp. 

cancellatus 83 

Canonicus 1 89 

Capitaneus 15 

Catus 41 

Cedonulli 35 

Ceylonensb 96 

characteristicus . . . . 98 

Chemnitzii 16 

dtrinus 91 

Classiarius 64 

Clavus 112 

coccineus 90 

Coffeae 62 

Columba 1 06 

coronatus 87 

costatus 76 

distans ... 60 

ebrseus 77 

ebumeus 8 

elongatus 146 

Episcopus 140 

Eques 70 

ermineus 71 

festivus Ill 

figulinus 67 

fulmineus 28 

fuscatus 6 

Fusus 125 

generalis JO 

genuanus 44 

Oeographus 1 55 

Glans 121 

glaucus 50 

Gloria maris 134 

granulatus 124 

Gubernator 133 

Ouinaicus 27 

Hyaena 18 

Jamaicensis ........ 100 



195 

Sp. 

Janus 26 

Japonicus 109 

JaspideuB lOS 

imperialis 5 

Informis ..••. 148 

Isvis 117 

lamellosus 98 

leoninus ^.... 28 

leucostictos 37 

lineatus 69 

literatus 7 

liridus 58 

Lorenzianus 29 

Luzonicus 6S 

Madurensis 107 

Magus 131 

marmoreus 1 

Mauridanus lOS 

Mediterraneus ....101 

Mercator 65 

Miles 19 

miliaris 49 

Mindanus lio 

mitratus 120 

Monachus 58 

Mus 59 

Musicus 48 

mustelinus 17 

Namocanus 75 

Nicobaricus 2 

nimbosus 158 

Nisus 57 

niveus 14 

Dobilis 49 

Nussatella 183 

ochroleucus i is 

Oraaria 144 

papilionaceus 45 

pennaceus 148 



196 



INDEX. 



Sp. 

polyzonias 39 

Portoricanus 85 

Praelatus 141 

Princeps 25 

Prometheus 46 

pulicarius 80 

punctatus 82 

puncticulatus .... 102 

puncturatus 95 

pusillus 97 

pyramidalis 135 

quercinus 68 

radiatus 12 

Ranunculus 53 

Raphanus 128 

Rattus 99 

rosaceus 153 

roseus 89 

nibiginosus 143 

Rusticus 56 

scabriusculus 94 

Senator 40 

Siaraensis 43 

Spectrum 147 

sponsalis 92 

spurius 21 

Stercusmuscarum.. 78 

striatus 132 

strigatus 119 

sulcatus 104 

Suratensis 51 

taniatus 47 

Taitensis 93 

tendineus 115 

tenellus 122 

Terebellum 127 

tessellatus 9 

testudinarius 73 

textile 136 



Thorns 32 

Timorensis 151 

'Hnianus 86 

Tribunus 20 

Tulipa 154 

varius 84 

▼entricosus 149 

▼enulatus 74 

verrucosus 105 

Vexillum 72 

\^i^ 13 

vittatus 68 

vitulinus 38 

Zeylanicus 81 

zonatus 4 

CYPRiEA. page 79, 

achatina 18 

angustata 52 

Annulus 44 

Arabica 3 

Argus 5 

Asellus 38 

Aurantium 8 

Caput serpentis .. 19 

cameola 9 

Caurica 45 

Cicercula 65 

cinerea 27 

cribraria 42 

cruenta • 47 

cylindrica 29 

erosa 48 

erronea 39 

Exanthema 1 

felina 26 

fimbriata 57 

gangrasnosa 56 

Globulus 67 



Sp 

guttata 14 

helvola 53 

Hirundo 35 

Hbtrio 4 

Isabella 28 

lota 13 

lurida 11 

lutea 37 

Lynx 25 

Madagascariensis . . 61 

Mappa 2 

Margarita 66 

Mauritiana 20 

minuta 68 

Moneta 43 

Mus 22 

Nucleus 62 

ocellata 54 

Oniscus 58 

Onyx 31 

pantherina 24 

Pediculus 60 

poraria 55 

punctata 41 

pustulata 63 

Pyrum 40 

rubiginosa 50 

sanguinolenta .... 15 

Scurra 30 

spurca 49 

staphylea 64 

stercoraria 7 

stolida 46 

subflava 32 

sulcata 59 

tabescens 51 

Talpa 10 

teres 17 

testudinaria 6 



\ 



Sp, 

Tigris 23 

Vanelli 12 

VitelluH 21 

undulata 16 

Ursellus 36 

zic-zac 33 

zooaria 34 

DENTALIUM.p. 183. 

aprinum 3 

corneum 7 

Dentalis 5 

ebumeum 9 

elephantinum 2 

Entalis 6 

fasciatum 10 

Gadus 11 

glabrum 14 

imperforatum 12 

pellucidum 15 

pblitum 8 

rectum 1 

striaculum 4 

Trachea 13 

DON AX. pages\. 

Candida 20 

castanea 10 

complanata 6 

cuneata 13 

denticulata 8 

Faba 16 

incamata 12 

Irus 21 

Isevigata 14 

muricata 18 

plebeia 9 

pubescens 2 

radiata 17 



INDEX. 

Sp. 

rugosa 3 

scortum 1 

scripta 15 

Serra 4 

spinosa 11 

straminea 19 

striata 7 

Tninculus 5 

HALIOTIS. page 114. 

asinina 10 

australis 11 

bistriata 6 

Cracherodii 14 

gigantea 12 

glabra 9 

Guineensis 17 

imbricata 19 

imperforata 18 

Iris 13 

marmorata 8 

Midse 1 

ovina 15 

parva 16 

pbymotis 20 

planulata 21 

pulcherrima 2 

striata 5 

tuberculata 4 

varia 7 

virginea 3 

HELIX, page 1 54. 

acutangula 189 

Afra 2 

alba 53 

albella 9 

albicans 170 

albina 10 



197 

Sp. 

Algira 13 

Amarulu 164 

ambigua 188 

ampuUacea 71 

angularis 122 

annulata 22 

aperta 131 

Arbustorum 88 

arenaria 115 

aspera 141 

Avellana 46 

aurea 112 

auricularia 180 

Balthica 184 

Barbara 163 

bifasciata 154 

Bontia 107 

calcarea 137 

canalis 178 

Cantiana 19 

caperata 21 

Carinula 155 

CarocoUa 34 

Cartusiana 124 

castanea 83 

Cepa 32 

cicatricosa 5 

cincta 78 

cingenda 58 

citrina 81 

Columna 151 

complanata 24 

consolidata 134 

contorta 52 

cornea 48 

Cornu 6 

Arietis ss 

— — militare 36 

Venatorum ... S6 



198 

oomigata 38 

costata 6$ 

crenata 143 

cuspidata 138 

deoollata 135 

detrita 156 

disnmiliB 181 

Epistyliura 90 

Srioetorum 57 

exilic 16 

extensa 80 

Faba 47 

fa^ciata 120 

flammea 103 

fluviatilis 160 

fontana S5 

fbssaria 169 

fragilis 167 

Fruticum S7 

fulva 89 

fusca 133 

fuscata 144 

fuscescens 1S3 

Craulteriana 44 

glauca 73 

Globulus 84 

gludnosa 189 

Gothica 43 

Guadaloupensis ...157 

hsmastoma 127 

haliotoidea 187 

Hispana 99 

faispida 64 

hortensis 126 

Jamakenns 117 

lanthina 116 

incarnata 18 

incisa 85 

incumbens 152 



INDEX. 

Sp. 

inflata 174 

interrupta .114 

Inyolvulus 8 

Kambeul 104 

labiosa 108 

Lackhamenus 148 

lactea « 128 

Lacuna 70 

laeya ill 

laevigata 183 

15 

33 

Lapicida 3 

Leucas 14 

lubrica 145 

Lucena 86 

Lucerua 30 

ludda 60 

Lucorum 125 

Luskanica 97 

lutaria 100 

lutea 179 

Lychnuchus 31 

Lyonedana 161 

maculofia 37 

mainmillaris 98 

marginella 4 

minima 63 

nemoralis 123 

nemorensis 92 

neritoidea 185 

oblonga 102 

obscura 147 

obvoluta 62 

octanfracta 149 

octona 150 

Ocnlus-Capri 7 

opaca 175 

Otaheitana no 



ovalis 101 

palndosa 54 

palustris 168 

Papilla 91 

Pella 153 

Pellis Serpentis 39 

penpicua 186 

picta 129 

Pileus 105 

planata 23 

planorbula 41 

plicaria 139 

plicata 27 

polygyra 51 

Pomada 76 

pulchdla ..b 67 

punctata 28 

Pupa l«f 

putris 171 

radiata 11 

Rapa 82 

recta 113 

repanda 177 

Rhodia 118 

ringens 26 

rosacea 79 

rufescens 20 

scabra 42 

flcalaris 77 

Scarabaeus I 

Sicula 181 

Mmilis 49 

sinuata 29 

spinulosa 69 

spirorbiii 50 

stagnalis 166 

Stagnorum 146 

striata 95 

striatula 12 




Sp, 

substriata 158 

succinea 17S 

Sultana 75 

tentaculata 176 

tenuis 61 

trifasciata 106 

trochiformis 68 

trochoids 109 

tnincata 136 

truncatula 173 

turbinata 165 

Turcica 45 

rermiculata 17 

versicolor ISO 

Vibex 142 

▼irgata 59 

▼itrea 74 

i^ittata 93 

▼ivipara 119 

umbilicata 65 

undata 159 

undulata 140 

ungulina 96 

unidentata 35 

Vortex 40 

Urceus 79 

Zonaria... 94 

LEPAS. page 4. 

anatifera 38 

angustata 8 

auserifera 37 

aurita 45 

balaenaris 3 

balanoides 19 

Bdanus 11 

eariosa 39 

clavata is 

conoides 9 



INDEX. 

Sp, 

costata 15 

crispata 23 

dentata 40 

Diadema 2 

dorsalis 42 

fascicularis 36 

galeata 1 7 

hemisphaerica 27 

laevis 10 

membranacea 44 

minor 20 

Mitella S3 

palmipes 22 

patellaris 26 

pollicipes S4 

porcata 24 

porosa 29 

Psittacus 18 

punctata 14 

purpurascens 28 

radiata 21 

nigosa 7 

Scalpellum 35 

Scotica • 6 

spinosa 19 

spongiosa 16 

Stroeioia 31 

sulcata ..••41 

testudinaria 4 

Tintinnabulum .... 5 

trachesformis 1 

Verruca SO 

▼illosa 39 

▼iolacea 25 

Tittata 43 

MACTRA. page 28. 

acfaatina 20 

.£^tiaca 34 



199 

australis 24 

Boysii 27 

complanata 35 

coralline 14 

cuneata lO 

cyguea 6 

fragilin SS 

glabrata 19 

glauca SO 

grandis 19 

hians 37 

lactea 15 

Lister! 25 

lutraria S6 

maculata 7 

minutissima 99 

nitida is 

papyracea a 

pellucida Si 

plicataria 9 

radiata 17 

rotundata 11 

nigosa 33 

solida 21 

solidissima 29 

Spengleri 1 

striata 16 

striatula 5 

Stultorum 18 

subtruncata 9S 

tenuis 96 

triangularis 98 

turgida 8 

▼iolacea 9 

▼itrea ..., 4 

MUREX. page 119. 

acanthopterus 91 

Adansoni 148 



INDEX ALPHABETICUS. 



ANOMIA. pageSi, 

Sp. 

aculeata 7 

aurita 15 

Capensis 18 

Caput Serpentis .... 22 

Cepa 4 

craniolaris. • 1 

cruenta 25 

cylindrica 13 

detruncata 19 

dorsata 26 

electrica 5 

Ephippium s 

flexuosa 31 

muricata 8 

patelliformis 10 

pectinata 12 

Placenta 29 

psittacea 27 

pubescens 20 

punctata 6 

retusa 16 

sanguinolenta 21 

scobinata 14 

Sella 30 

spondylodes 32 

Squama 11 

Terebratula 23 

tridentata 28 



Sp, 

truncata 17 

turbinata 2 

vitrea 24 

undulata 9 

ARCA. page 44. 

sequilatera 32 

angulosa 34 

antiquata 17 

barbata 3 

bicolorata 11 

Campechensis 28 

cancellata 13 

Candida 7 

complanata 8 

Corbicula 22 

Cucullus 16 

decussata 31 

fusca 14 

Glycymeris 36 

granosa 18 

imbricata 4 

Indica 21 

lacerata 10 

lactea 24 

Magellanica 9 

minuta 44 

Modiolus 15 

naviculata 5 



Sp. 
Noae , 2 

Nucleus 42 

numinaria.. • 40 

ovata 12 

pallens 33 

pectinata 30 

Pectunculus 29 

Fella 27 

pellucida 26 

pilosa 37 

plicata 6 

reticulata 25 

rhomboidea 19 

rostrata 43 

scripta 39 

Senegalensis 23 

senilis 20 

stellata 38 

striata 41 

tenuis 45 

tortuosa 1 

undata 35 

ARGONAUTA. p. 62. 

arctica 9 

Argo 1 

Cornu 8 

Cymbium 7 

Gondola 4 



192 

Sp. 

Haustnim 5 

hians 3 

tuberculata S 

▼itrea 6 

BUCCINUM.fk^4rl03. 

abbreviatum 19 

achadnum 92 

Acicula 155 

Acu9 145 

affine 98 

ambiguum 118 

Arcularia 40 

Areola SO 

armigenim 58 

armillatum 126 

asperum 156 

australe 96 

Bezoar 104 

bifisisciatum 152 

bilineatum 28 

bulbosum 105 

cancellatum 50 

candiduro 73 

Cassis 31 

Cataracta 83 

caudatum 8 

Chalis 157 

Chinense 7 

cicatricosum 29 

dncturo 121 

cinereum 143 

cingulatum . • 1 67 

dathratum 114 

Cochlidium 95 

Concholepas 56 

concinnum 141 

cornutum 14 

coronatum 41 



INDEX. 

Sp. 

costatam 51 

crassilabniin 166 

crassum 74 

crenulatum 133 

crispatuin 61 

cruentatum 103 

cyaneum 85 

decussatum 19 

dentatum 168 

digitale 139 

dimidiatum 147 

Dolium 6 

duplicatum 142 

Echinophorum .... 9 

Erinaceus 32 

exile 93 

filosum 63 

Fimbria 34 

flammeum 17 

foliosum 39 

fumosum 99 

Galea 2 

geminum 1 35 

gemmulatum 169 

gibbosulum 46 

glaberrimuin 90 

glabratum 79 

gladale 106 

Glans 38 

glaucum 35 

granulatum 24 

Haemastoma 57 

Harpa 49 

hastatum 150 

Haustorium 55 

hecticum 134 

hepaticum 42 

igneum 87 

Indicum 100 



Sp. 

inflatum 26 

laeve 86 

laevissimum 84 

lamellosum 60 

lanceatum 146 

Lapillus 62 

Lima lis 

lineatum 99 

luteostomum 59 

lyratum Ill 

Macula 119 

roaculatum l S9 

maculosum 164 

minimum 1 28 

Monile 137 

Monodon 54 

miui nuro 148 

mutabile 47 

nanum 1 58 

neriteuro 48 

nigropunctatum. . • . 1 59 

nitidulum 127 

niveum 115 

nodosum lo 

nodulosum 33 

Norwegicum 1 63 

Nudeus 91 

ocellatum 89 

oculatum 1 30 

Olearium 1 

Orbita 75 

papillosum 37 

papyraceum 1 08 

patulum 53 

Perdix 3 

Persicum 52 

pertusum 1 49 

Phallus 151 

piscatoriura 1 24 




Sp, 

plicatuluni 123 

plicatum 13 

plumatum 88 

plumbeum 70 

Pomum 4 

porcatum lio 

prserosum 94 

proximatum 136 

Pseudonum 170 

Pullus 43 

Pyrozonias 112 

Pyrum 69 

radiatum 1 53 

recurvirostrum 30 

reticulatum 117 

rufum 15 

Rusticum 66 

saburon 23 

S^Mauridi 125 

Scala 76 

scutulatuin 81 

sertum 65 

spadiceum 71 

spiratum 77 

stolatum 120 

striatum 160 

strigatum 21 

strigillatum 140 

strombifonne 171 

snbulatum 131 

succinctum 144 

sulcatum 64 

sulcosum 5 

Tabitense 109 

tessellatum 27 

Testiculus 18 

testudineum 82 

textum 113 

Thersites 44 



INDEX. 

Sp. 

tigrinum 132 

Tranquebaricum . . 101 

trifasciatum 161 

Tuba 68 

tuberosum 16 

turgidum 80 

Tunis 165 

Tyrrhenum 11 

varium 67 

ventricosum 1 28 

yerrucosum 45 

versicolor 102 

Vibex 36 

virgineum 1 54 

vittatum 138 

umbilicatum 72 

undatum 107 

undosum 97 

undulatum 25 

unifasciale 162 

Zey lanicum 78 

BULLA, page 85. 

achatina 53 

Akera 23 

ampla 44 

iVmpIustre 26 

Ampulla 18 

Amygdalus 19 

aperta 14 

bicarinata 55 

birostris 6 

canaliculata 32 

carnea 4 

Catena 15 

conoidea S3 

crassula 36 

cylindracea 57 

cylindrica 56 

o 



193 

Sp. 

Cypraea 42 

Dominicensis 95 

exarata 49 

fasciata 46 

ferruginosa 13 

Ficus 29 

fontinalis 37 

gelatinosa 40 

gibbosa 11 

haliotoidea 61 

Hydatis 17 

Hypnorum 39 

imperialis 2 

lepida 5 

lignaria SO 

Naucum is 

nitidula 25 

obtusa 60 

Ovum 1 

patula 8 

pectinata 21 

Physis S4 

Plumula 16 

Priamus 51 

purpurea 54 

Pyrum 30 

Rapa 31 

retusa 59 

rivalis 38 

scabra 28 

Secale 1 . 7 

soluta 22 

Spelta 9 

striatula 48 

strigata 47 

Terebellum 41 

truncata 50 

Velum 27 

ventricosa 43 



196 



INDEX. 



Sp. 

polyzonias 39 

Portoricanus 85 

Praelatus 141 

Princeps S5 

Prometheus 46 

pulicarius 80 

punctatus 82 

puncdculatus .... 102 

puncturatus 95 

pusillus 97 

pyrainidalis 135 

quercinus 68 

radiatus IS 

Ranunculus 53 

Raphanus 128 

Rattus 99 

rosaceus 153 

roseus 89 

rubiginosus 143 

Rusdcus S6 

scabriusculus 94 

Senator 40 

Siamensis 43 

Spectrum 147 

sponsalis 92 

spurius 21 

Stercus muscarum . . 78 

striatus 132 

strigatus 119 

sulcatus 104 

Suratensis 51 

tseniatus 47 

Taitensis 93 

tendineus 115 

tenellus 122 

Terebellum........l27 

tessellatus 9 

testudinarius 73 

textile 1 36 



Thome 32 

Timorensb 151 

Tinianus 86 

Tribunus 20 

Tulipa 154 

varius 84 

ventricosus 149 

venulatus 74 

verrucosus 105 

Vexillum 72 

Virgo 13 

vittatus 63 

vitulinus 38 

Zeylanicus 81 

zonatus 4 

CYPRiEA. page 79, 

achatina 18 

angustata 52 

Annulus 44 

Arabica 3 

Argus 5 

Asellus 38 

Aurantium 8 

Caput serpentis .. 19 

cameola 9 

Caurica 45 

Cicercula 65 

cinerea 27 

cribraria 42 

cruenta • 47 

cylindrica 29 

erosa 48 

erronea 39 

Exanthema 1 

felina 26 

fimbriata 57 

gangrenosa ........ 56 

Globulus 67 



Sp 

guttata 14 

helvola 53 

Hirundo • 35 

Histrio 4 

Isabella 28 

lota 13 

lurida 11 

lutea 37 

Ljmx 25 

Madagascariensis . . 61 

Mappa 2 

Margarita 66 

Mauritiana 20 

minuta 68 

Moneta 4S 

Mus 22 

Nucleus 62 

ocellata 54 

Oniscus 58 

Onyx 31 

pantherina 24 

Pediculus 60 

poraria SS 

punctata 41 

pustulata 63 

Pyrum 40 

rubiginosa So 

sanguinolenta .... 15 

Scurra 30 

spurca 49 

staphylea 64 

stercoraria 7 

stolida 46 

subflava 32 

sulcata 59 

tabescens 51 

Talpa 10 

teres 17 

testudinana 6 




Tigris 23 

Vanelli 12 

Vitellus 21 

undulata 16 

Ursellus 36 

zic-zac 33 

zooaria 34 

DENTALIUM. p. 183. 

aprinum 3 

corneum 7 

Dentalis 5 

eburneum 9 

elephantinum 2 

Entalis 6 

fasciatum 10 

Gadus 11 

glabrum 14 

imperforatum 12 

pellucidum 15 

politum 8 

rectum l 

striatulum 4 

Trachea 13 

DON AX. page 31, 

Candida 20 

castanea 10 

complanata 6 

aineata 13 

denticulata 8 

Faba 16 

incamata 12 

Irus 21 

laevigata 14 

muricata 18 

plebeia 9 

pubescens 2 

radiata 17 



INDEX. 

Sp. 

rugosa 3 

scortum 1 

scripta 15 

Serra 4 

spinosa 11 

straminea 19 

striata 7 

Trunculus 5 

HALIOTIS. page 114. 

asinina 10 

australis 11 

bistriata 6 

Cracherodii 14 

gigantea 12 

glabra 9 

Guineensis 17 

imbricata 19 

imperforata 18 

Iris 13 

marmorata 8 

Midae 1 

oyina 15 

parva 16 

phymotis 20 

planulata 21 

pulcherrima 2 

striata 5 

tuberculata 4 

varia 7 

virginea 3 

HELIX, page 1 54. 

acutangula 189 

Afra 2 

alba 53 

albella 9 

albicans 170 

albiua 10 



197 

Sp. 

Algira 13 

Amarula 164 

ambigua 188 

ampullacea 71 

angularis 122 

annulata 22 

aperta 131 

Arbustorum 88 

arenaria 115 

aspera 141 

Avellana 46 

aurea 112 

auricularia 180 

Balthica 184 

Barbara 163 

bifasciata 154 

Bontia 107 

calcarea 137 

canalis 178 

Cantiana 19 

caperata 21 

Carinula 155 

CarocoUa 34 

Cartusiana 124 

castanea 83 

Cepa 32 

cicatricosa 5 

cincta 78 

cingenda 58 

citrina 81 

Columna 151 

complanata S4 

consolidata 134 

contorta 52 

cornea 48 

Comu 6 

Arietis SS 

militare 36 

— Venatorum ... 56 



200 

Sp. 

advenus 167 

Afer 170 

Aluco 146 

ftlucoidet 152 

Aplustre Ill 

andquus 89 

Anus 45 

■renosus 140 

Argus 27 

Aruanus 87 

asper 159 

atratus 151 

attenuatus 128 

Babylonius 67 

Bamffius 126 

Utubercularis 25 

Brandaris 6 

bufonius 26 

calcaratus 60 

canaliculatus 82 

Carica 83 

cariniferus 84 

caudatus 41 

clandesdnus 86 

dathratus 99 

Clava 149 

Clavator 40 

clavatulus 64 

Cochlidium 79 

colosseus 72 

Columbarium 117 

Colus 71 

conditus 36 

Consul 61 

corneus 107 

cornutuc 5 

Corona 105 

costatus 130 

cratsus 23 



INDEX. 

Sp. 

craticulatus 121 

curvirostris 144 

cutaccui 33 

decollatus 169 

despectus 93 

Dolarium 106 

dubius 70 

ebeninus 153 

Erinaceus 19 

Femorale 32 

Ficus 85 

Fiscellum 102 

fluviadlis 156 

foliatus IS 

fornicatuB 92 

Fucus 49 

fuscatus 154 

gibbosus 65 

gracilis 127 

granulatu5 160 

Gyrinus 24 

Harpa 125 

Haustellum 1 

hexagonus 164 

Hippocastanum ... 53 

Hystrix 50 

Javanus 68 

Infundibulum 118 

lacerus 55 

lamellosus 100 

Lampas 28 

Lancea 75 

linearis 136 

lineatus 108 

Lingua 14 

literatus 163 

longicaudus 73 

Lotorium 34 

lyratus 34 



roaculosus 37 

Magellanicus 90 

Mancinella 52 

marginatus 157 

Maroccensis 124 

melanamathos 11 

Melongena 59 

miliaris lo 

minutissimus 139 

Moluccanus 161 

morbosus 57 

Morio 78 

Motacilla 9 

Mulus 46 

muricatus 138 

Nassa 110 

Nebula 189 

neritoideus 47 

nodatus 54 

nodulosus 147 

Nodus 48 

Obeliscus 148 

Olearium 89 

Pardalis 128 

Parthenopus SO 

Perron 180 

perversus 88 

Pileare 35 

plicatulus 145 

plicatus 56 

polygonus lis 

Pomum 9 

prismaticus 18S 

proximus 131 

purpureus 137 

Pusio 97 

Pynun 39 

ramosus 12 

Rana 21 



Sp. 

Kticulutl 44 

ntic« 

Roni 
Knbe 

niTui 134 

Sacelluin 90 

wxmtilM 18 

Scab 101 

Scolopu 3 

Scolyinui 115 

Scoipo IT 

Scriptus 141 

Scrobiculator 43 

temigraooam 1 6S 

MDtkotu* S$ 

fqiUogularii 138 

foratui 158 

««co«tMii» 109 

dmitnlii ......Ill 

nniionu 135 

Spengleri 33 

qnnoNii SS 

SpriUua 81 

rtramineoi 69 

ttruUilu* 74 

mbantiquatiu 94 

HibulRtui 16* 

Sfncuuniu 119 

TernBtanut 116 

tornatui 69 

toniloaui 155 

Tr^ietiuin 119 

Tribuliu 4 

triptenu 15 

triqueter 16 

Tritoni* 95 

Trunculut T 

Tuba SO 



INDEX. 

Sp. 

tubercularii 166 

Tulipe 98 

TurricnU 133 

TemicoMu 77 

ferdcolor 76 

Vertagui 143 

Veipertilio 114 

rirgatui 104 

nr^neiu 66 

Vifgo 63 

uncioa 
pndati; 
Vulpiniu 96 

MYA. page 10. 

anatina 6 

arctica 8 

BaUn 95 

bidentata 16 

comigala 31 

cnwB 9B 

declini 4 

decuHata 17 

dittoTta 15 

dubia 93 

edentula 9 

ferru^noM .• 19 

Glycimeru 41 

inEquiTBlTU 40 

labiatB 39 

margaritifera 30 

membraoacea 14 

Nkobarica 11 

niteni *<> 

nodon 34 



Doduloia 39 

Norweijca 13 

onu 97 

Pictonim SG 

pnetenuu 5 

prinnBliai 91 

purpurea "13 

radiata 32 

roitrata 19 

nigoia 33 

luborbicuUris 37 

Mibitriata 39 

qrmatopfaoni 36 

tnincata 1 

variabilii .■•-■ 38 

MYTILUa page 56. 

Ala-corri 44 

Anatinu) 33 

arborescena 13 

aii*t3tuB 8 

AvoDCDn* 34 

tHloculaiu IT 

Cameim 46 

Canalicubt 47 

con^liophagni 10 

Crbta^lli 1 

Cfgneui 39 

demiMui 30 

diMwn 39 

diKKpans 38 

dubiui 36 

edulu 21 

elongatu* 95 

exuuui 18 

Faba 41 



204 

finuosa ' 34 

solans 40 

fpondyloidea 75 

striatula 4 

fulcau 48 

tigerina 36 

Tranquebarica .... 45 

triradiata 39 

turgida 47 

Taria 31 

Virginica 68 

▼itrea 36 

Vulsella 84 

Zio-zac 3 

PATELLA, page 176. 

aculeata 1 1 

Afra 65 

ambigua 84 

angulosa 18 

apertura 89 

areolata 70 

atricapilla 99 

auricula 5 

barbara 92 

csca 80 

caerulea 59 

Caffra 95 

Calyptra 45 

Cassida 47 

chlorosticta S8 

Cochlear 40 

cochleata 44 

compressa 64 

crenata 3d 

Crepidula IS 

cruciata 78 

Cypria 23 



INDEX. 

Sp. 

equestris 1 

femigmea 3S 

Fissura 86 

fiMurata 88 

flaromea 71 

fornicata 10 

fulra 83 

fufca 69 

fuflco-lutea 53 

Goreensb is 

Gneca 91 

granatina 97 

granulans 26 

Jamaicensb 67 

incua 87 

Indica 7S 

intorta 46 

ladniosa 14 

lacustris 56 

laevigata 74 

leucopleura ...... 50 

lugubris 37 

Lusitanica 66 

lutea 54 

Macroflchisma ....lOS 

mammillaris 49 

margaritacea SI 

melanogramma .... 31 

militaris 4S 

mitrula 43 

monopis 16 

Neptuni S 

neritoidea 8 

nimbosa 99 

nodosa 93 

notata 77 

nubecula lOO 

oblonga 57 

Oculus 24 



Sp. 

omaU so 

pecdnata 52 

pelludda 58 

pentagona 25 

perforata 94 

penrem 65 

picta. 98 

Pileolus 96 

plicaria 15 

porcellana 9 

Porphyrozonias .... 101 

punctulata 76 

Pustula 90 

radians 60 

radiata. 36 

repanda 19 

reticulata 79 

Rota. 61 

saccharina 17 

Scutellum 97 

Sinensis 4 

stellifera 68 

Surinamensb 75 

Tectum S 

tenuis SO 

tessellata 88 

testudinalis 63 

testudinaria ...... 69 

tigrina 29 

Tranquebarica .... 48 

tricarinata 51 

trochifonnis 6 

trochoides 7 

tuberculata 39 

?]iginea 81 

vitellina 73 

Uljrssiponensis .... S5 

Umbella S4 

umbellata 85 



ungarica 41 

▼ulgata 38 

PHOL AS. pt^ 8. 

Candida S 

Chiloensb 10 

cordata 9 

costata 4 

crispata... 5 

Dactylus 1 

falcata 8 

hians 1 1 

orientalis 2 

parya 6 

striata 7 

PINNA, page 59. 

Incolor 14 

bullata SO 

camea 6 

digitiformis 19 

exusta 10 

incuira 15 

inflata 5 

ingens s 

lobata SI 

muricata 9 

nigra s 

nobilis • 8 

papyracea 17 

pectinata 4 

ligida 7 

rotundata is 

nidis 1 

saccata 18 

squamosa IS 

Vexillum 11 

▼itrea 16 



INDEX. 

Sp. 
SERPULA. page 185. 

Afra S4 

anguina S6 

annularis S8 

Aquaria 34 

arenaria 83 

cancellata IS 

carinata 10 

Cereolus 5 

conica SS 

contortuplicata .... 17 

Comu-copias S9 

corrugata 14 

decussata SO 

denticulata 33 

echinata S7 

gigantea 38 

glomerata SO 

Goreensis 19 

granulata 11 

heterostropha .... 13 

incurvata 3 

ludda 15 

lumbricalis SI 

minuta 7 

nebulosa 18 

Ocrea 35 

planorhb 4 

proboscidea 36 

protensa 37 

Semilunum S 

Spirillum 6 

Spirorbis 8 

stellaris 1 

triquetra 9 

tubularia SS 

vermicularis 31 

yitrea 16 

Volvox 25 



205 

SOLEN. page 13. 

Amethystus 31 

anatinus IS 

antiquattts 10 

biradiatus S6 

castrensis S5 

Cultellus 9 

Diphos SS 

Ensis ••••..... 6 

fragilis .11 

Guineensis 15 

inflexus 18 

Legumen 8 

linearis 5 

Macha ..SO 

magnus 17 

maximus 16 

minimus 19 

minutus 33 

Novacula S 

ocddens S9 

pellucidus 7 

Pinna S5 

radiatus 14 

roseus S3 

sanguinolentus S8 

Siliqua 1 

Spengleri so 

squamosus 34 

striatus S4 

strigilatus IS 

truncatus 4 

Vagina S 

▼ariegatus SS 

respertinus S7 

▼irens si 

SP0NDYL\JS.page4l. 
citreus 4 



208 

Pharaonius 30 

planus 65 

Ptainilio 78 

ptmctatos 1S8 

punctulatiu 9S 

parporens lOS 

pusillus 1S4 

Fyramii S5 

qnadratus 45 

quadricarinatut .. . . 8S 

ladiatus 19 

regius 16 

roceus 40 

nudctis SI 

icaber 44 

selectut 101 

Sinensit 86 

•Claris 66 

Spengleri is 

•innosus 3 

stdlatus IS 

stramineui •••••... 63 

striatellus 1S9 

striatus 90 

strigosus S4 

Tectum 70 

Telescopium 180 

Tentorium 10 

Terebellus 181 

terrestns ...•••..•• 73 

tessellatus 88 

Tuber 88 

tumidus 41 

turbinatus 84 

yari^gatus 59 

▼ariuf 47 

?entrico8us 186 

remus 8 

▼emicosus 17 



INDEX. 

I *. 

yestiarius 78 

yirgatus Ill 

yirgineus 98 

ynidis 80 

▼iridulus 49 

yittatus S2 

umlnlicaris SS 

umhilicatus 48 

undulatus 185 

urixmus 43 

Zic-tac 116 

Ziziphinus 94 

TURBO, page 142. 

aculeatus 30 

acutangulus 131 

^thiops 9 

albulus 64 

Alyeare 118 

ambiguus 94 

Anguis 73 

annulatus 141 

Archimedis 138 

arenarius 54 

argyrostomus 76 

armatus 38 

atratus 78 

auricularis 68 

Auriscalpium 158 

bidens 143 

biplicatus 145 

Bryereus 108 

calathiscus • 16 

Calcar 88 

canaliculatus 41 

carinatus 185 

Caiychium 157 

castaneus 46 

chrysostorous 83 



Sp. 

Cidaris 19 

Cimez...; 15 

cinereus « 81 

CSngillus 61 

clathratulus 98 

Qathnis 90 

Cochlus SI 

conifenis... los 

corneus 116 

coronatus •• 40 

cornutus 37 

comigatus 146 

costatus 107 

crassior 18 

crenatus 95 

crenellus 86 

crenulatus 48 

cristatus 163 

croceus ii4 

Cylindrus lis 

decussatus .•••....161 

Delphinus 83 

dentatus 67 

denticulatus 104 

depressus 164 

Diadema ...•• 74 

distortus 85 

duplicatus 1 SS 

elegans lis 

elegantissimus •••« 97 

exoletus 1S6 

fimbriatus 91 

foliaceus iss 

fontinalis 87 

fulgidus 14 

granulatus 80 

helicmus 80 

helicoides 188 

imbricatus 189 



Sp. 

imperialb S9 

indistinctus 109 

intemiptiu 62 

jugosus 11 

Jimiperi 1 52 

Labeo 120 

labiatus 148 

labiosus 57 

lacteus 96 

laminatus 144 

ligatus 122 

limbatus 124 

Lindna 119 

littorcus 5 

Ludiu 166 

lunulatus 121 

mamillatus 47 

margaritaceus 77 

marginatus 105 

Marginellus 167 

marmoratus 34 

Mespilus 79 

Moltkianufl 44 

Mumia ill 

muricatus 8 

Muscorum 153 

nautileiu 162 

neritoides 2 

Nicobaricus 3 

nigerrirous 4 

nigricans 147 

niveus 127 

nivosus 56 

nodulo!«U8 66 

nodulosus 84 

obsoletus 135 

obtusatus 1 

Olearius 36 

Pagodus 27 



INDEX. 

Sp. 

papyraceus 49 

parvus 99 

Pertholatus 18 

perversus 149 

petrseus IS 

Pica 65 

politus 159 

Porphyrites 78 

principalis 89 

pulcher 93 

Pullus 17 

punctatus 10 

Punctura 53 

quadridens 154 

quadri&sciatus 70 

quinquedentatus ...150 

radiatus 38 

reflexus 117 

repHcatus 130 

reticulatus 101 

ruber 51 

rudis 7 

rugosus 33 

sanguineus 71 

Sarmadcus 35 

scalaris 88 

semicostatus 50 

temistriatus 63 

Separatista 126 

serpuloides 165 

setosus 42 

sexdentatus 155. 

simillimus 98 

Smaragdus 22 

Sparverius 43 

Spenglerianus 45 

stellaris 29 

stellatus 31 

striatulus 100 

Q 



209 

Sp. 

striatus 106 

subulatus 160 

subumbilicatus 60 

sulcatus 115 

Tectum-Persicum... 24 

tenebrosus 6 

Terebellum 140 

Terebra 137 

torcularis 133 

torquatus 82 

tridens 151 

trochiforrois 25 

Turns Thome 142 

Turritella 134 

vari^gatus 139 

ventricosus 59 

Vertigo 156 

vinctus 69 

vitreus 58 

Ulvae 58 

undulatus 75 

unicarinatus 96 

unicus 108 

unifesciatus SS 

Ura 110 

VENUS, page S3. 

acoleata 89 

aurea Ill 

Caliste 25 

Callipyga 63 

cancellata 15 

casina 14 

casta 46 

castrensis 57 

Chione 44 

ciucta 70 

cingenda 6 

circinata 24 



212 

pertim 141 

Pica 76 

picta 65 

pinguis 36 

plicaria 115 

plicata S7 

plicata 149 

polygona lis 

Porcellana 58 

porcina 179 

Pbrphyrea S9 

Pkvputium 184 

PhiDum 68 

pufilla 80 

I^nim 160 

reticulata 71 

Rhinoceros 157 

Ru£Bna 108 

nigosa 116 

fupestris 167 






INDEX. 

Sp. 

nutica 74 

Sanguisuga 105 

scabricula 96 

Scapha 17S 

Schroeteri 87 

scutulata ISS 

serpentina 138 

solidula 13 

spadicea 101 

spiralis 119 

striata 132 

strigata 67 

subdivisa Ill 

sulcata ISO 

tseniata 114 

texturata 50 

Thiara 145 

tigrina 48 

tomatilis 11 

Tringa 85 



triplicata 19 

Turinnellus 155 

turricula 188 

turrita 118 

variegata 104 

ventricosa 34 

Vespertilio 151 

Vexillum ISO 

▼irescens 148 

Vii^ 89 

▼ituliua 191 

undulata 166 

unidentata 94 

Volva 169 

Utriculus 37 

Vulpecula 109 

Zebra 164 

Zienrogelii 79 



THS XND. 



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Red lion Court, Fleet Street. 



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I