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Full text of "Indiana and Indianans: A History of Aboriginal and Territorial Indiana and the Century of Statehood"

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^■3 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



A HISTORY OF ABORIGINAL AND TERRITORIAL 

INDIANA AND THE CENTURY OF 

STATEHOOD 



JACOB PIATT DUNN 

AUTHOR AND EDITOR 



VOLUME III 



THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

CHICAGO AND NEW YORK 
1919 



Copyright, 1919 

by 

THE AMEBICAN HISTOBICAL 800IETT 




6j^.^r^>-t^y/a 



Cuiy-ym^Su 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



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Elwood Haynes. There is a certain 
cUuia of pefKimista who are forever dispar- 
aging individual credit for great achieve- 
ments. Such carping critics would say for 
instance that if America had not been dis- 
covered by Columbus it would have been 
discovered anyway sooner or later. The 
plays of William Shakespeare were not 
written by Shakespeare but perhaps by an- 
other man of the same name. Such per- 
sons would not even "give the devil his 
due." Fortunately these ingrates are few 
in number. Most people are willing to 
concede praise when it is fairly earned. 

Therefore, only here and there will be 
heard a word of dissent when an Indiana 
writer places the name of Elwood Hajmes 
of Kokomo along with Alexander Qraliam 
Bell and Thomas A. Edison as one of three 
great living Americans who have worked 
the most astounding miracles of the mod- 
ern age. Of the electric light invented by 
Edison, the telephone invented by Bell and 
the motor ear perfected by Elwood Hectics, 
it would be diflScult to say which has con- 
ferred the greatest benefit upon mankind. 
Of the three men Elwood Haynes is an In- 
dianan, and it is not likely that his fame 
as an inventive genius will soon be ob- 
scured. 

Elwood Haynes is of as nearly undiluted 
American stock as can be found. His first 
American ancestor was an Englishman, 
Walter Haynes, who came to New England 
in 16:^6. The great-grandfather, David 
Haynes, fought as a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary war. The grandfather, Henry 
Haynes, was born in Massachusetts in 1786, 
ami was a maker of firearms during the 
War of 1812. Henry Haynes followed 
meehanieal trades most of his life, and he 
may have been responsible for some of the 
merhaiiieal genius of his grandson. He 
(lie<l about 1864. He married Aehsah 
March, who was born in Massachusetts in 



1792 and died in 1870. She was a relative 
of Bishop Chase, the first Episcopal bishop 
west of the Allegheny Mountains and an 
uncle of Chief Justice Chase. One of the 
twelve children of these industrious and 
worthy parents was Jacob M. Hajmes, who 
achieved all the success of a good lawyer 
and a thoroughgoing jurist in Indiana. 
Judge Haynes was bom in Hampden 
County, Massachusetts, April 12, 1817, and 
died in 1903. During his youth he assisted 
his father in the shop, lived several years 
with an uncle on a farm, and bis common 
school education was supplemented by a 
classical course at Monson Academy and 
also by study in Phillips Academy at An- 
dover, Massachusetts. He started the study 
of law in Massachusetts, but in 1843 came 
west and continued the study of law with 
Hon. Walter March at Muncie, Indiana. 
As a means of self support he also tauf^t 
school and was admitted to the bar in Mun- 
cie in March, 1844. In the latter part of 
the same year he removed to Portland and 
soon afterward began practice. He was a 
resident of Portland nearly sixty years, 
and from that city his reputation as a 
lawyer and citizen spread throughout the 
state. He had many official honors, begin- 
ning with school offices, and in 1856 was 
elected a judge of the Common Pleas 
Court. He was again elected in 1860 and 
re-eleeted in 1864 and again in 1868. 
After the Common Pleas Court was abol- 
ished he was made judge in 1870 of the 
Circuit Court, embracing the counties of 
Wayne, Randolph, Jay and Blackford. 
After twenty-one years of consecutive serv- 
ice he retired from the bench in 1877, but 
some years later, when a separate district 
was created of Jay and Wayne counties, 
he was again called to the bench. He be- 
gan voting as a whig, but was affiliated 
with the republican party from the time 
of its formation in 1856, and made many 



1215 



1216 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



speeches daring the war in support of a 
vigorous policy of the administration. In 
1875 he entered banking, and was presi- 
dent of the People's Bank of Portland for 
several years. He was very much inter- 
ested in farming, and at the time of his 
death owned 400 acres in Jay County. 
Judge Ha3mes went abroad in 1886, and 
then had the opportunity of visiting many 
of the immortal shrines of his favorite au- . 
thors, including the homes of Scott, Dick- 
ens, Shakespeare, and other great English 
writers. He was a man of classical educa- 
tion and one of the most broadly informed 
men of his generation. On August 27, 
1846, at Portland, Judge Ha3rne8 married 
Miss Hilinda S. Haines. She was born in 
Clinton County, Ohio, in 1828, and died 
May 11, 1885, the mother of eight children. 
The fifth of these children was Elwood 
Haynes, who was bom in Portland in Jay 
County October 14, 1857. In a biograph- 
ical work of the citizens of Jay County 
published about thirty years ago, when El- 
wood Haynes was himself thirty years old, 
a very brief paragraph is sufficient to 
enumerate his experiences and achieve- 
ments. Mention is made of the fact that 
while he was in the Portland public schools 
he evinced a great desire for learning,, and 
in later years especially for chemistry, and 
was often found by members of the family 
outside of school hours making practical 
experiments and tests. He continued in 
high school to the end of the second year 
and in 1878 entered the Worcester Tech- 
nical Institute at Worcester, Massachu- 
setts, where he graduated in 1881. On re- 
turning home he taught a year in the dis- 
trict schools and two years as principal of 
the Portland High School. In 1884 he 
entered Johns Hopkins l^niversity at Balti- 
more, Maryland, taking post-graduate work 
in chemistry and blolog>% and on returning 
home was put in charge of the chemistry 
department of the Eastern Indiana Nor- 
mal School and Commercial College. From 
that in 1886 he went to the position of 
manager of the Portland Natural Gas and 
Oil Company at Portland, and it was in 
xhcme duties that the biographical sketch 
alM»ve raentione<i left him without ventur- 
ing even a prophecy as to the great place 
he w(»uld subsequently fill in the world of 
industrial arts and invention. 

It should also l)e mentioned that as a 
l>oy Mr. Haynes spent much of his time in 



the woods, and through this experience he 
became somewhat of a naturalist, learning 
the ways of wild birds and animals and 
acquiring considerable first hand knowl- 
edge of plant and insect life. As he grew 
older he took a keen interest in books and 
read when about twelve years of age 
Wells' ''Principles of Natural Philosophy" 
and ''Chemistry.*' It was in the latter 
that he became most intensely interested, 
as it gave him a preliminary insight into 
the hidden mysteries of natural phenom- 
ena and stimulated his curiosity to know 
more about the fundamental properties of 
matter. 

He devised some crude apparatus by 
means of which he was able to prepare 
hydrogen gas, as well as chlorine and oxy- 
gen. He also took special interest in the 
rarer metals, such as nickel, chromium, co- 
balt, aluminum, and tungsten. 

When about fifteen years of age he made 
a furnace in the backyard and supplied 
it with a blast of air from a home-made 
blower which was constructed from a 
cheese rim, two boards and some pieces of 
shingle for fans. With this furnace he 
succeeded in melting brass and cast iron, 
but was unable to melt steel successfully on 
account of the high temperature required. 
He tried several times to alloy tungsten 
with iron and steel, but was unable to do 
so, owing to the limits of the furnace. 

The district school which he taught after 
returning from Worcester was five miles 
from his home. For a part of the time 
he walked the entire distance twice a day, 
making a round trip of ten miles, besides 
teaching from 9 o'clock in the morning 
until 4 o'clock in the afternoon. Mr. 
Haynes continued as manager of the Port- 
land Natural Gas and Oil Company until 
1890. During that time he devised a 
method for determining the amount of gas 
flowing through apertures of various sizes 
under various pressures. He also invented 
in 1888 a small thermostat for regulating 
the temperature of a room heated by nat- 
ural gas. This apparatus worked perfectly 
and he afterwards used it for about four- 
teen years in his own home. It was so ar- 
ranged that it maintained practically a 
constant temperature in the room to be 
warmed, no matter what the condition 
out-of-doors. 

In 1889 gas was piped from Pennville, 
Indiana, to Portland, a distance of about 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1217 



ten miles. Mr. Haynes had charge gf the 
construction of this line, as well as of the 
plant which had been previously installed 
in the town of Portland. It was while 
drivinf? back and forth between Pennville 
and Portland with a horse and buggy that 
he conceived the idea of making a machine 
that would travel on the road under its 
own power. In 1890 he became field super- 
intendent of the Indiana Natural Qas and 
Oil Company of Chicago, with headquar- 
ters at Qreentown, Indiana. One of his 
experiences in this position deserves some 
special mention. The gas line from 
Greentown to Chicago was completed in 
1892, and the first thing that happened 
was the clogging of the line by ice, which 
formed on the interior of the pipes. The 
condition had not been unforeseen, since 
the gas, containing a certain amount of 
moisture, was passing northward and 
hence into a colder region. As soon as the 
trouble occurred the president of the com- 
pany sought Mr. Haynes out and asked 
him to solve the problem. Mr. Haynes 
suggested as a method of preventing this 
that the gas should be frozen or passed 
over some hygroscopic material which 
would extract the moisture from it before 
being started through the pipe line. The 
company placed the matter in his hands. 
After a number of experiments he decided 
on the method of extracting the moisture 
by freezing the gas. Accordingly a re- 
frigerating plant was set up at the Green- 
town pumping station, and by this means 
about eighteen barrels of water per day 
were extracted from the gas, with the re- 
sult that the trouble occasioned by the 
freezing of the gas in the line was entirely 
eliminated. Since that time the method 
devised by ^Ir. Haynes has been used not 
only for refrigerating gas, but also for dry- 
ing air. The work of operating the pump- 
ing station and gas line took up most of 
his time for a year after he moved to Ko- 
komo, which was in 1892. 

During the delay in the work of con- 
structing the pipe line just referred to, 
Mr. Haynes was again called upon to do a 
great deal of driving, and during those 
drives thought again and again of the 
problem of a better means of locomotion 
than by horse and buggy. The story of 
how he built the first automobile has been 
so well told by Mr. Haynes himself that 



his words may be given preference at this 
point. 

*'I accordingly laid plans for the con- 
struction of a mechanically propelled ve- 
hicle for use on the highways. I first con- 
sidered the use of a steam engine, but made 
no attempt to build a car of this descrip- 
tion for the reason that a fire must be kept 
constantly burning on board the machine, 
and with liquid fuel this would always be 
a menace in case of collision or accident. 
Moreover, the necessity of getting water 
would render a long journey in a car of 
this description not only troublesome, but 
very irksome as well. I next considered 
electricity, but found that the lightest bat- 
tery obtainable would weigh over twelve 
hundred pounds for a capacity of twelve 
horse hours. As this showed little prom- 
ise of success, I gave it no further consid- 
eration, and proceeded to consider the gas- 
oline engine. Even the lightest made at 
that time were very heavy per unit of 
power, and rather crude in construction. 
• **My work was confined to Qreentown 
in 1890 and 1891. In the fall of 1892 I 
moved to Kokomo and the following sum- 
mer (1893) had my plans sufficiently ma- 
tured to begin the actual construction of 
a machine. I ordered a one-horse power 
marine upright, two cycle, gasoline engine 
from the Sintz Gas Engine Company of 
Grand Rapids, Michigan. This motor 
barely gave one brake horsepower, and 
weighed a hundred and eighty pounds. 
Upon its arrival from Grand Rapids in 
the fall of 1893, lacking a suitable place, 
the motor was brought direct to my home 
and set up in the kitchen. 

**When the gasoline and battery connec- 
tions were installed the motor, after con- 
siderable cranking, was started and* ran 
with such speed and vibration that it pulled 
itself from its attachments. Luckily, how- 
ever, one of the battery wires was wound 
about the motor shaft and thus discon- 
nected the current. 

'*In order to provide against vibration, 
I was obliged to make the frame of the 
machine much heavier than I first intended. 

'*The horseless carriage was built up in 
the form of a small truck. The frame- 
work in which the motor was placed con- 
sisted of a double hollow square of steel 
tubing, joined at the rear corners by steel 
castings, and by malleable castings in 
front. The hind axle constituted the rear 



1218 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



member of the frame and the front axle 
was swiveled at its center to the front end 
of the hollow square. This arrangement 
permitted the ends of the front axle to 
move oipward and downward over the ine- 
qualities of the road without wrenching 
the hollow square in which the motor and 
countershaft were placed. 

**At that time there were no figures ac- 
cessible for determining the tractive resist- 
ance to rubber tires on ordinary roads. 
In order to determine this as nearly as 
possible in advance, a bicycle bearing a 
rider was hitched to the rear end of a light 
buekboard by means of a cord and spring 
scale. An observer seated on the rear end 
of the buekboard recorded as rapidly as 
possible * draw-bar* pull registered by the 
scale, while the buekboard was moving at 
the rate of al)out ten or twelve miles per 
hour on a nearly level macadam street. 
The horse was then driven in the opposite 
direction at about the same speed, in order 
to compensate for the slight incline. This 
experiment indicated that about 1% 
pounds 'draw-bar' pull was sufficient to 
draw a load of one hundred pounds on a 
vehicle equipped with ball bearings and 
pneumatic tires. With this data at hand 
it was an easy matter to arrange the gear- 
ing of the automobile so that it would be 
drawn b^- the motor. Crude though this 
method may appear it shows a striking 
agreement with the results obtained to- 
day, by much more accurate and refined 
apparatus. 

**The total weight of the machine when 
completed was al>out 800 pounds. July 
4, 1894, when ready for test, it was hauled 
about three miles into the country behind 
a horse carriage and started on a nearly 
level turnpike. It moved off at once at a 
speed of about seven miles per hour, and 
was driven about one and one half miles 
into the country. It was then turned 
alwut and ran all the wav into the citv 
without making a single stop. 

**I was convinced upon this return trip 
that there was a future for the horseless 
carriage, although I did not at that time 
ex[>e<*t it to l)e so brilliant and imposing. 
The best spee<i attained with the little ma- 
chine in this condition was about eight 
miles per hour." 

A rare interest attaches to this pioneer 
automobile, and it is most fitting and ap- 
propriate that the old car, built twenty- 



five years ago, is now owned by the Gov- 
ernment and has a permanent place in 
the great halls of the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion at Washington. At another part of 
his narrative Mr. Haynes describes some 
other interesting features of his inventive 
work as applied both to automobile and 
to other metal industries: 

** While perfecting the horseless carriage 
I had never lost my interest in metallurgy 
and introduced aluminum into the first 
automobile crankcase in 1895. The alloy 
for this crankcase was made up for the pur- 
pose and consisted of ninety-three per cent 
aluminum and seven per cent copper. 
This was, I believe, the first aluminum 
ever placed in the gasoline motor, and as 
far as I am aware in an automobile. More- 
over, this particular composition has be- 
come a standard for all automobile motors 
at the present time. 

'*At about the same time (1896) I also 
introduced nickel-steel into the automo- 
bile, and at a later date I made a number 
of experiments in the alloying of metal, 
and succeeded in making an alloy of nickel 
and chromium containing a certain amount 
of carbon and silicon, which, when formed 
into a blade, would make a fairly good 
cutting edge. The metal would tarnish 
after long exposure to the atmosphere of 
a- chemical laboratory. 

** Later, in 1899, I succeeded in forming 
an alloy of pure chromium and pure 
nickel, which not only resisted all atmos- 
pheric infiuences, but was also insoluble 
in nitric acid of all strengths. A few 
months later I also formed an alloy of co- 
balt and chromium, and an alloy of the 
same metals containing a small quantity 
of boron. Th^e latter alloys were ex- 
tremely hard, especially that containing 
boron. 

'*In 1904 and 1905 I made some further 
experiments upon the alloys of nickel and 
cobalt with chromium, with a view to us- 
ing the alloys for electric contacts in the 
make-and-break spark mechanism, and in 
1907 I secured basic patents on both of 
these alloys. 

**And so it has gone. Naturally and 
necessarily, once the automobile began to 
gain favor it was necessary to enlarge our 
organization. Today the Haynes car is 
made in a big factory — a striking contrast 
to the time when my first car was made 
in a little machine shop and when I paid 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1219 



the mechanics who were hired to assist in 
the building of it, according to my plana, 
at the rate of forty cents an hour. 

''Frankly, I did not realize on that 
Fourth of July, when I took the first ride 
in America's first car, that a score of years 
later every street and highway in America 
would echo the sound of the horn and the 
report of the exhaust. I am gratified too 
that it has been my good fortune to wit- 
ness the automobile's entrenchment in the 
world's business life. Just as my first 
horseless carriage was designed with a view 
to facilitating my duties, so is the automo- 
bile to<iay contributing beyond all power 
to realize to our every-day business life." 

Mr. Haynes continued as field superin- 
teiulent of the Indiana Natural Gas and 
Oil Company until 1901. Hut since 1898 
has also been president of the Haynes 
Automobile Company. There is a long list 
thrit might l>e appended of his experiences 
and inventions. He discovered tungsten 
chrome steel in 1881, and the theme of his 
grraduating address from the Worcester 
Polytechnic Institute was **The Effect of 
Tungsten on Iron and Steel." In 1894 
he invented a successful carburetor and 
the first automobile muffler. In 1895 the 
Chicago Times Herald prize was awarded 
his horseless carriage for the best balanced 
engine. An event widely celebrated at the 
time was making the first thousand mile 
trip in a motor car in America, when Mr. 
Haynes drove one of his cars from Kokomo 
to New York City. He was accompanied 
by Edgar Apperson, who was one of his 
associates at that time. In 1903 he in- 
vented and built a rotar>' valve gas engine. 

In 1898 the Ha>nies- Apperson Company 
was formed for the manufacture of auto- 
mobiles. In 1902 Elmer and Edgar Ap- 
person withdrew and started a corporation 
of their own, while the name of the Haynes- 
Apperson Company was shortly afterward 
changed to the Haynes Automobile Com- 
pany and has so continued to the present 
time. 

In 1899 Mr. Haynes discovered an alloy 
of nickel and chromium, and shortly after- 
ward an alloy of cobalt and chromium. 
These alloj-s were produced only in very 
minute quantities at first, and as his time 
was fully employed in the Haynes Auto- 
mobile Company he gave them little atten- 
tion until 1907, when patents were taken 



out covering their manufacture and use. 
A paper was read in 1910 before the Amer- 
ican Chemical Society at San Francisco 
describinir these allo>'s and their proper- 
ties. Shortly afterward Mr. Ha3mes dis- 
covered that by adding tungsten or molyb- 
denum to the cobalt-chromium alloy a still 
harder composition could be produced. In 
1913 patents were issued for those com- 
positions. A little while before the patents 
were issued he erected a small building 
in South T'nion Street, Kokomo, for their 
commercial manufacture. Between the 
time of the allowance of the patents and 
their issue he completed the building and 
sold about $1,000 worth of metal. 

The alloys quickly proved to be a prac- 
tical stiocoss for lathe tools, and the busi- 
ness of their manufacture as commercial 
products prrew rapidly. Near the end of 
the third year the business was organized 
into a corporation consisting of three mem- 
bers, Rirhanl Huddell, a banker, and James 
C. Patten, a m«nufa<*turer, both of Ko- 
komo. l)ecoming associated with Mr. 
Haynes in the concern. The European 
war made a great market for its product. 
It has been stated on good authority th^t 
fully half of the shrapnel for the allies 
was made with Stellite tools. He also gave 
to the world ** Stainless Steel," a rustless 
steel which is now used in the manufacture 
of valves for the Liberty Motor and wires 
of aeroplanes, and in normal peace times 
this rustless steel will certainly be extended 
in use to thousands of manufactured tools 
and products where the elimination of rust 
is a lonsr felt want. Since 1912 Mr. Haynes 
has been president of the Haynes Stellite 
Company. 

Mr. Haynes is a member of a number of 
organizations more or less directly con- 
nected with the automobile business, in- 
cludinir the Iron and Steel Institute of 
Great Britain, American Chemical Society, 
International Congress of Applied Chem- 
istry, Society of Automotive Engineers, 
American Institute of Metals, Chicago 
Automobile Club, and the Hoosier Auto- 
mobile Club. Mr. Haynes is a Presby- 
terian and is a prohibitionist. On Octo- 
ber 21. 1887, he married Bertha Beatrice 
Lanterman, of Portland, Indiana. They 
have two children, a son and a daughter, 
both of whom assist their father in his ex- 
tensive laboratory work. 



1220 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Richard Buddell. Continuously since 
it was organized in 1889 Bichard Buddell 
has been president of the Citizens National 
Bank of Kokomo. His business record in 
that city goes even further back, and 
through it all Mr. Buddell has been one of 
the strong men financially in promoting, 
the industrial growth and prosperity of the 
city, and in upholding all those activities 
by which a city's consequence is measured. 

Mr. Buddell was born August 31, 1850, 
in Bush County, Indiana, a son of George 
and Elizabeth (Bever) Buddell. George 
Buddell was a livestock dealer. When the 
son Bichard was a year old the parents re- 
moved to Wabash County and the father 
continued business there for many years. 
Bichard Buddell attended public school in 
Wabash County, and as soon as his school 
days were finished he took up some em- 
ployment that would furnish him a living. 
He finally became clerk in a store at Wa- 
bash. After six years there he engaged in 
the boot and shoe business on his own ac- 
count, and here his enterprise and his 
ability to get large results were demon- 
strated. He kept broadening his estab- 
lishment until he had what might be called 
a complete department store, handling dry 
goods, boots and shoes and other wares. 

In 1882, having sold his Wabash store, 
Mr. Buddell came to Kokomo and bought 
the old established dry goods house of 
Haskett & Company. He was proprietor 
of this business for six years. Then, asso- 
ciating himself with other local buidiness 
men, he organized the Citizens National 
Bank, the organization being perfected on 
October 8, 1889. He has been its presi- 
dent ever since. The Citizens National 
Bank has an enviable record of strength 
and resources. It has capital stock of 
$250,000, its surplus is still larger, and its 
deposits aggregate over $3,000,000. Mr. 
Buddell is president, C. W. Landoii is vice 
president, and Prank McCarty is cashier. 

Mr. Buddell has been interested in a 
number of other business enterprises. He 
was one of the most prominent in promot- 
ing the Kokomo Steel Wire Company, and 
his name is connected with a number of 
other industries of lesser importance. He 
is president of the Globe Stove and Bange 
Company and a stockholder and vice pres- 
ident of the Haynes Stellite Company. 
He is a large stockholder in several local 
business houses. Mr. Buddell has served 
nine years on the Kokomo City School 



Board, and three terms as secretary-treas- 
urer and three times as president. 

In Wabash, Indiana, Mr. Buddell mar- 
ried Miss Bose McClain, daughter of Judge 
McClain of Wabash. They have three chil- 
dren, Buth, Baymond, and Fred. Buth 
married J. C. Patten, of Kokomo, and they 
have one son sixteen years old. J. C. Pat- 
ten was a lieutenant in the Tank service 
during the war. Fred, the younger son, is 
general manager of Globe Stove and Bange 
Company. 

Horace P. Biddle^ noted among the 
early Indiana lawyers, was bom in Pair- 
field County, Ohio, about 1818. After 
studying law he was admitted to the bar 
at Cincinnati in 1839 and located at Lo- 
gansport, Indiana. During 1846-1852 he 
was presiding judge of the Eighth Judicial 
Circuit, was a member of the Indiana Con- 
stitutional Convention in 1850, and se^en 
years later, in 1857, was elected supreme 
judge, but not commissioned. Outside of 
the strict line of his profession Judge 
Biddle translated from French and Ger- 
man posts, and was a contributor to nu- 
merous periodicals. 

Chalmer Lennon Bragdon for a man of 
thirty-five has had a volume of experience 
and activity such as come to few men 
many years his senior, and while he has 
seen the ups and downs and vicissitudes of 
existence he became successfully estab- 
lished in the automobile and tractor agency 
at Anderson, becoming sole proprietor of 
the C. L. Bragdon Sales Company, agents 
for the Chevrolet and Monroe cars and the 
IMoline Universal Tractor. 

Mr. Bragdon was bom on a farm near 
Lawrence in Marion County, Indiana, No- 
vember 18, 1882, son of James H. and 
Jennie (Murphy) Bragdon. He is of 
Scotch- Irish stock, and the family have 
been in America for many generations. 
His father followed farming during most 
of his life, but in 1888 moved to Ander- 
son and established a grocery store in the 
Hickey Block on South Meridian Street. 
In 1893 he sold out and moved to Pendle- 
ton, where he was a grocer from 1894 until 
1901. In the latter year he retired to 
his farm and is now living at Oklahoma 
City. 

C. L. Bragdon gained his early education 
in the public schools of Anderson and 
Pendleton, and at the age of sixteen went 




flU/^-^ ^i-^^o^cxi^-^C^ 






INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1223 



inp the two countries, such as the fur seal, 
Northeastern fisheries, reciprocal mining 
rights, lM>nding gcKxls for transit through 
each other's territory, the Rush-Ragot 
agreement of 1817 restricting armed ves- 
sels on the Great I^akes, reciprocity, etc. 
President McKinley appointed Senator 
F'airbanks a member and chairman of this 
commission. The other members of the 
commission were. Nelson Dingley, John W. 
Foster, J(»hn A. Kasson, Charles J. Faulk- 
ner and T. Jefferson Coolidge. Numerous 
sessions were held Isith in Quebec and 
Washington in 1898, 1899, 1901 and 1902. 
The c(»m mission tentatively agreed upon 
many of the (piestions in dispute but the 
iJritish commissioners refused to settle any 
without an adjustment of the boundary 
question. They proposed that that subject 
Ik* submitted to arbitration, I'pon such an 
agreement they would prweed to close 
definitely the ({Uestions which were practi- 
cally agreed upon. In opposing this propo- 
sition Senator Fairbanks observetl : **We 
cannot submit to a foreign arbitrator the 
determination of the Alaska coast line 
under the treaty between the Tnitetl States 
and Russia of 1867. That coast line was 
establishe<l by the convention of 1825 be- 
tween Great Britain and Russia. This line 
has lH»en carefully safeguarded by Russia, 
and the United States has invariably in- 
sisted that it should not be broken. Its 
integrity was never questioned by Great 
Britain until after the protocol of May, 
1898. Much as we desire to conclude the 
questions which we have practically deter- 
minetl. we cannot consent to settle them 
upon the condition that we must abandon 
to the chance of a European arbitrator a 
part of the domain of the United States 
upon which American citizens have actually 
built their homes and created industries 
long prior to any suggestion from Great 
Britain that she had any claim of right 
thereto." In 1899 PreSiident McKinley 
sent Mr. Fairbanks to A]a.ska to ascertain 
any possible facts which might have a l>ear- 
ing upon the interpretation of the boun- 
dary dispute. Mr. Fairbanks propose^l on 
behalf of the American commi.ssion that a 
joint tribunal composed of three jurists of 
repute from each country' be vested to 
determine the boundar>', a decision of a 
majority of the commissioners to be final. 
Great Britain de<'line<l this proposition and 
the commission adjourned subject to recall. 



Subseijuently the method of settlement pro- 
l>osed by Mr. F^airbanks was agreed upon 
b^ the two countries through direct nego- 
tiation and after an elaborate hearing the 
contention of the United States was .sus- 
tained, one of the British commissioners, 
the I^ord Chief Justice of England, having 
concurred in the contention of the Ameri- 
can commissioners. In the republican 
party convention of 1904 Mr. Fairbanks 
was unanimously nominate<l vice president 
as the running mate of Theodore Roose- 
velt. He was elected by a large plurality 
and discharged the duties of his office 
with dignity and a true sense of fairness. 
In 190S his name was prominently men- 
tioned for the presi<|cntial nomination. 
After his retirement from office, accom- 
panied by Mrs. Fairbanks, he made a tour 
of the world. In 1916 he was again nomi- 
nated for vice president on the ticket with 
Judge Charles E. Hughes. The election 
was unusually close, but President Wilson 
was returned to (»ffiee. 

Mr. Fairbanks was a trustee of Ohio 
Wesleyan University, I)c Pauw University 
and the American T'nivcrsity. Ohio Wes- 
leyan conferred upon him the degree LL. 
D. in 1901. He received the same degree 
from Baker T'niversity (1903), Iowa State 
University M903) ancl Northwestern Uni- 
versity (1907). Until a short time l>efore 
his death he was president of the Methodist 
Episcopal Hospital of Indiana, the Indiana 
F'orestry AssocMation and a regent of the 
Smithsonian Institution. 

Mr. Fairbanks married in 1874 Cornelia, 
daughter of Judge P. B. Cole of Marys- 
ville, Ohio. She was a graduate of Ohio 
Wesleyan University, an active worker in 
the aflTsirs of the National Societv of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution and 
its president for two terms, 1901-1905; a 
promoter of the Junior Republic movement 
and prominent in benevolent activities. 
She died in 1913. 

During the early summer of 1918 the 
American people followed for several weeks 
with much anxiety the continued reports 
of Mr. Fairbanks' illness and decline. He 
died at his Indianapolis home June 4, 1918. 
Sober thinking Americans regard his death 
the more keenly because he had apparently 
not yet exhausted his powers and his op- 
portunities for great national usefulness. 
And such men as Charles W. Fairbanks 
are needed now and will be needed in the 



1224 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



next few years until the ship of state has 
regained the quiet harbor of peace. It wais 
' his g^eat misfortune and that of the Ameri- 
can people generally that he could not live 
to see the end of the tragic period in the 
midst of which his death came. 

The above paragraphs were written while 
Mr. Fairbanks was still living. Those who 
regard his life as one big with achievement 
and yet incomplete because he died so 
soon, will often ask themselves the question 
as to what his attitude and action would 
be in the subsequent stages of American 
national affairs. Those questions can never 
be answered and yet it is peculiarly ap- 
propriate to in(|uire as to his attitude and 
opinions regarding national and interna- 
tional problems in the months preceding his 
death. 

The best information obtainable on this 
matter is found in the review of his life 
written by his former private secretary, 
George B. Lock wood. Mr. Lockwood 
wrote : 

** During the last two or three troubled 
years those associated with Mr. Fairbanks 
know that the greater part of his waking 
hours were devoted to anxious thought as 
to national affairs. He regarded with great 
apprehension the drift of the country 
toward the brink of war from the begin- 
ning of the European struggle. There was 
no more whole-hearted supporter of the 
national cause when the participation of 
the United States in the war became inevi- 
table. He was exceedingly proud of his 
son Richard who entereii the army and 
was advanced to the post of cap- 
tain and acting major, through merit 
and who 8er\'ed in France. Mr. Fair- 
banks believed that the most important 
period in our national history, next to 
the present vital emergency, would be 
that immediately following the war when 
the problem of reconstruction would occupy 
the attention of the whole world. He was a 
strong advocate of the reduction of arma- 
ment and the establishment of the policy 
of internationallv enforced arbitration of 
disputes among nations. His ardor in this 
cause was made greater by his visits to the 
<'apitals of Europe ten years ago. He came 
home believing that the arming of nations 
against one another, which he saw on every 
hand, pointed inevitably toward a general 
European war. 

**.NIr. Fairbanks always believed that the 



Spanish-American war could have been 
avoided if the people and congress had 
not been too insistent upon war, and that 
Spain would have peacefully withdrawn 
from the western hemisphere if given an 
opportunity to retire without too much 
loss of face. 

''His Americanism was undivided; his 
prejudice against foreign factionalism of 
any kind in the United States intense. He 
did not confine his opposition to hyphe- 
nated citizenship to German Americanism, 
but believed that prominent propaganda 
in behalf of any European nation or 
against any nation with which we are at 
peace was unpatriotic. He resented the 
crusade against Americans of German 
stock merely because of their descent, in 
case their loyalty was as unquestioned as 
that of their neighbors of any other Euro- 
pean strain. • • • No American 
could be more bitterly opposed than was 
Mr. Fairbanks to the type of Government 
Prussia has proved itself to be in the pres- 
ent war. His hope of good from the pres- 
ent war was a treaty of peace which will 
make unnecessary vast expenditures for 
military and naval purposes, first of all be- 
cause he believed that a failure to end this 
system in Europe would make necessary 
its adoption in the United States as a 
means of self preservation." 

From the wealth of tributes that poured 
forth from the press and distinguished men 
of the country at the time of his death, one 
of the most impartial and dignified was 
that written by former President Taft, 
with whose words this sketch may properly 
conclude. 

** Charles Warren Fairbanks was an 
able, industrious, effective, patriotic and 
high-minded public servant. Few men 
knew more of the practical workings of the 
Government of the United States. For 
years he served on the judiciary and the 
foreign relations committees of the senate. 
He was one of the working men on both. 
Some men in congress neglect committee 
work and seek reputation by the more 
spectacular method of set speeches on the 
floor. The real discussion and the careful 
statesmanlike framing of messages takes 
place in committee. Here Mr. Fairbanks 
applied himself most actively and rendered 
distinguished service. 

** A successful practitioner at the bar, Mr. 
Fairbanks had entered politics independent 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1225 



in means. No breath of suspicion was as- 
sociated with his fair name. One of his 
warm friendships was for Major McKin- 
ley. When the latter ran for the presi- 
dency and after he became President he 
counted on the aid and advice of Mr. Fair- 
banks and he had them in rich measure. 

''Mr. Fairbanks was a dignified, impar- 
tial and courteous presiding officer of the 
senate as vice president and his friends 
were on both sides of the chamber. He 
aspired to the presidency and he was right 
in doing so, for his experience, his ability 
and his public spirit would have enabled 
him to discharge its duties most acceptably 
and well. Few men could have been better 
prepared. He was a party man and a loyal 
republican. He was a wise counselor in 
party matters and a real leader. No one 
called on him for disinterested party serv- 
ice in vain. 

**He was better loved and respected in 
his own state and city than anywhere else 
because he was personally better known 
there. He was said to be cold. This was 
most unjust. He was genial, kindly, hospi- 
table and human as his friends and neigh- 
bors knew. Since Mr. Fairbanks' retire- 
ment and my own I came to know him well 
and to value highly his very exceptional 
qualities as a public spirited citizen and as 
a man. I greatly mourn his death. 



>> 



John H. HoLLroAY. While many im- 
portant activities serve to link the name 
John H. Holliday with the broader life of 
Indiana, including his present position as 
head of one of its largest financial organi- 
zations, his biggest service was no doubt 
the founding of the Indianapolis News, 
over whose editorial management he pre- 
sided for twenty-three years. While his 
active connection with the News was sev- 
ered a quarter of a century ago, much of 
the vitality which he imparted to its busi- 
ness conduct and the tone and character 
he gave to its editorial columns still re- 
main. Among the many newspaper men 
who worked for the News when it was un- 
der the direction of Mr. Holliday all have 
a deep appreciation of the ideals he stood 
for and maintained and his infiuence as a 
great newspaper man. John H. Holli- 
day made the News a paper of intellectual 
dignity, as well as a power in the political 
life of the state and a molder of public 



opinion and an advocate of righteous 
causes. 

His constant loyalty to Indianapolis and 
Indiana has been that of a native son. 
John Hampden Holliday was bom at In- 
dianapolis, May 31, 1846, a son of Rev. 
William A. and Lucia (Shaw) Holliday. 
His paternal grandfather, Samuel Holli- 
day, came to Indiana Territory in 1816, 
and by his labors assisted in making In- 
diana the habitation and home of civil- 
ized men. Rev. William A. Holliday was 
bom in Harrison County, Kentuc^, in 
1803, and was for many years an able min- 
ister of the Presbyterian Church. He was 
a graduate of Miami University at Oxford, 
Ohio, and of the Princeton Theological 
Seminary. In 1833 he became pastor of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Indian- 
apolis and later served other churches. 
For a number of years he was engaged in 
educational work, being a professor in 
Hanover College when compelled by sick- 
ness to give up his activity. He died in 
Indianapolis in 1866, at the age of sixty- 
three. His wife, Lucia Shaw, was bom 
in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1805, and 
died there in 1881, at the age of seventy- 
five. One of their sons, William A., Jr., 
followed the example of his father and be- 
came a prominent minister. A daughter. 
Miss Grettie Y., has been for many years 
a laborer in the missionary fields of Persia. 

John H. Holliday attended the common 
schools of Indianapolis during the decade 
of the '50s, spent four years in North- 
western Christian University, now Butler 
University, and in 1864 graduated A. B. 
from Hanover College at Hanover, In- 
diana. Hanover College conferred upon 
him the Master of Arts degree in 1867, 
and for a number of years he has been one 
of the college trustees. 

Just before his graduation he was in 
the ranks of the One Hundred and Thirty- 
Seventh Indiana Infantry and spent four 
months with that organization in Middle 
Tennessee. It was a hundred days regi- 
ment, and on the expiration of his term he 
re-enlisted for three years in the Seven- 
tieth Infantry, but was rejected by the 
examining surgeon. 

Newspaper work was Mr. Holliday 's first 
love.. In 1866 he was a member of the edi- 
torial staff of the Indianapolis Gazette 
and later worked for the Indianapolis 



1226 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Herald, the Indianapolis Sentinel, and was 
local correspondent for the New York 
Herald, the Journal and the Republican 
of Chicago, and the Cincinnati Gazette. 

Mr. Holliday founded the Indianapolis 
News in 1869. It was the first permanent 
afternoon paper and has a specially envi- 
able distincticm in being the first two-cent 
paper established west of the City of Pitts- 
burg. As Mr. Dunn in the History of 
Greater Indianapolis said: **It's plain 
makeup, condensed form, and refusal to 
print advertisments as editorial matter 
soon made it popular. It was well edited. 
Mr. Holliday 's editorials were plain, pithy 
and to the point as a rule. His one fail- 
ing was in not realizing how important 
and valuable a paper he had established. 
One element of the success of the News 
was employing the best writers available 
in every department. The News could al- 
ways boast of being well written and well 
edited, and that has been a large factor in 
its success." 

Mr. Holliday continued as editor and 
principal owner of the News until 1892, 
when impaired health compelled his re- 
tirement. Many newspaper men graduate 
from their profession into business and 
politics, but with few exceptions newspar 
per life exercises a strong hold upon its 
devotees even when they become engaged 
in other fields. It was perhaps for this 
reason that Mr. Holliday, in 1899, resigned 
his position with the Union Trust Com- 
pany and became associated with William 
J. Richards in establishing the Indianapo- 
lis Press. He was editor of the Press 
throughout its brief existence, until 1901, 
when the Press was consolidated with the 
Indianapolis News. 

In May, 1893, Mr. Holliday effected the 
organization of the Union Trust Company 
of Indianapolis. It was incorporated with 
a capital of $600,000, and with its present 
imposing financial strength it stands also 
as a monument to the lifework of Mr. Hol- 
liday. lie was the first president of the 
company, continued as a director while 
he was associated with the Press, and in 
June, 1901, resumed his responsibilities as 
administrative head. In 1916 he became 
chairman of the board. 

Mr. Holliday is a director in a number 
of tinanoial and industrial organizations 
in Iiuliana. He is a director of the Mc- 
Cormick Theological Seminarj- of Chicago, 



trustee of the Presbyterian Synod of In- 
diana, member of the Board of State Chari- 
ties, president of the Indianapolis Charity 
Organization Society, a former president 
of the Board of Trade, and is one of the 
oldest members of the First Presbyterian 
Church and has served as ruling elder 
many years. He is a member of Thomas 
Post, Grand Army of the Republic, Com- 
mercial Club, University Club, Indianapo- 
lis Literary Club, the Phi Beta Kappa and 
Phi Eamma Delta fraternity, and has at- 
tained the Supreme Honorary thirty-third 
degree in the Supreme Council of Scottish 
Rite Masonry. In 1916 Wabash College 
conferred on him the honorary degree of 
LL. D. 

November 4, 1875, Mr. Holliday mar- 
ried Evaline M. Rieman, of Baltimore, 
Maryland. She was bom at Baltimore, 
daughter of Alexander and Evaline (Mac- 
farlane) Rieman. Her father was a Balti- 
more merchant. The seven children of 
Mr. and Mrs. Holliday are: Alexander 
Rieman, a civil engineer and contractor, 
widely known for his work in railroad and 
bridge construction and in electric power 
production; Mrs. Lucia Macbeth; Mrs. 
Evelyn M. Patterson ; Lieutenant John H., 
Jr., a mechanical engineer who died in the 
United States service; Mary E., who has 
been en^ed in Young Women *8 Christian 
Association service abroad since 1917; 
Mrs. Elizabeth C. Hitz; and Mrs. Katha- 
rine H. Daniels. 

Thomas Riley Marshall. Of few of 
the men upon whom the State of Indiana 
as a whole has conferred distinguished pub- 
lie honors could the record be stated so 
briefly as in the case of Thomas Riley Mar- 
shall. He was governor of Indiana from 
1909 to 1913, and left that office to become 
vice president of the United States. These 
are the only elective offices he has held 
throughout the forty odd years since his 
admission to the Indiana bar. The most 
vaulting ambition has seldom been gratified 
with such distinctive honors as have fallen 
to the lot of this quiet, gentle mannered, 
dignified and able Indiana lawyer. 

He is in every sense an Indianan, **to 
the manner born.*' His own career is an 
honorable reflection upon the good blood 
of his ancestors. His mother was a direct 
descendant of the famous Charles Carroll 
of Carrollton, Maryland, the last surviving 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1227 



fsig^er of the Declaration of Independence. 
The founder of the family in Indiana was 
his grandfather, Riley Marshall, who about 
the close of the second war with Great Bri- 
tain came from Greenbrier County, Vir- 
ginia, and located first in Randolph County 
and later in Grant County, where he ac- 
quired 640 acres of land, including the site 
of the present City of Marion. Riley Mar- 
shall was one of the first Board of County 
Commissioners of Grant County and first 
clerk of the Circuit Court. The family 
were long prominent at Marion. 

One of his sons was Dr. Daniel M. Mar- 
shall, father of the vice president. He was 
bom in Randolph County March 5, 1823, 
was well educated for the profession of 
medicine, and gave almost a half century 
of devoted service in that capacity to the 
people of Northern Indiana. Though a 
democrat, he was an opponent of slavery 
and a stanch Union man. For a year or 
so before the outbreak of the war he en- 
deavored to practice medicine at LaGrange, 
Missouri, but his uncompromising attitude 
toward slaverj* made his residence there 
so unpleasant that he returned to Indiana. 
At different times he maintained his profes- 
sional headquarters at Wabash, North 
Manchester and Pierceton. He died in Co- 
lumbia City, Indiana, October 10, 1892. 
Doctor Marshall married Martha E. Patter- 
son, who passed away December 5, 1894. 
Both were active members of the Presby- 
terian Church. Of their children, a son 
and daughter. Vice President Marshall is 
the only survivor. 

Thomas Rilev Marshall was bom at 
North Manchester, Wabash County, In- 
diana, March 14, 1854. His early education 
was unusually thorough. He attendwl 
public schools, and from there entered old 
Wabash College at Crawfordsville, where 
he was graduated A. B. in 1873 and A. M. 
in 1876. His alma mater honored him 
with the degree LL. D. in 1909, and he has 
had similar honors from Notre Dame Uni- 
versity in 1910, University of Pennsylvania 
in 1911, University of North Carolina in 
1913 and University of Maine in 1914. 
While in college Mr. Marshall was made a 
Phi Beta Kappa, a fraternity of which his 
kinsman. Chief Justice John Marshall, was 
the founder. 

Fnmi Wabash College Mr. Marshall re- 
moveil to Fort Wayne and l>egan the study 
of law under Judge Walter Olds, who later 



became a justice of the Indiana Supreme 
Court. He was admitted to the Indiana 
bar on his twenty-first birthday, in 1875. 
The previous year he had taken up his home 
at Columbia City, where he still has his 
legal place of residence. There for the next 
thirty years he gave an undeviating atten- 
tion to a growing practice as a lawyer. He 
was a memb'sr of the firm Marshall & Mc- 
Nagny from 1876 to 1892, and from the lat- 
ter year until he was inaugurated gov- 
ernor was head of the firm Marshall, Mc- 
Nagny & Clugston. 

An apt characterization of his work as 
a lawyer and as a citizen was written about 
the time he made his campaign for gover- 
nor in the following words: **His practice 
now extends throughout northern Indiana. 
He is a lawyer of note, who serves corpora- 
tions and all other clients alike, but is not 
of the sort that forgets principle and duty 
to his fellow men in the furtherance of the 
interests of a corporate client who seeks to 
array greed against public interests. He 
has been an important factor in many of 
the most famous criminal trials in this part 
of the state, and his pleading before juries 
always attracts throngs to the court room. 
He is well known as a political and court 
orator. Mr. Marshall is associated in the 
practice of law with W. E. McNagny and 
P. H. Clugston. Mr. Marshall has been a 
candidate only once before in his political 
career. In 1880 he was induced to take 
the nomination for prosecuting attorney in 
what was then a strong republican district 
and was defeated. As a party leader Mr. 
Marshall has always been known for his 
diligence. In 1896 and 1898 he was chair- 
man of the Twelfth District Democratic 
Committee and did much hard work for the 
party, making speeches all over the north- 
ern end of the state. He has alwavs been 
known for his liberality toward the other 
fellow's campaign fund, but when it comes 
down to his own campaign he stands 
sfjuarcly on the platform of anti-currency. 
He is called old-fash ione<l because of his 
ideas al>out a campaign fund for himself, 
but he declares it is a principle that is im- 
bcilded in his soul.'' 

Mr. Marshall achieve<l the distinction of 
leading the democratic party to victory in 
the State of Indiana in the vampaign of 
1908. and entered upon his duties as gov- 
ernor the following Januar>-. It is suffi- 
cient to say that Indiana had a thoroughly 



1228 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



progressive administration daring the next 
four years, and his record as governor not 
only strengthened the party in the confi- 
dence of the people so as to insure the vic- 
tory of the state ticket in 1912, but it made 
Thomas R. Marshall one of the dominant 
figures in the middle west, and as such his 
selection as running mate of Woodrow Wil- 
son was justified not only on the score of 
political expediency but by real fitness for 
the responsibilities and possibilities of that 
ofBce. Merely as a matter of record for 
the future it should be noted that he was 
renominated for the office of vice president 
at the St. Louis Convention of 1916 and 
his second term as vice president extends 
from 1917 to 1921. 

Mr. Marshall has for many years been 
a trustee of Wabash College. He is a mem- 
ber of the Phi Gamma Delta College fra- 
ternity, of the Presb^'terian Church, and 
has attained the supreme honorary thirty- 
third degree in Scottish Rite Masonry. 
October 2, 1895, Mr. Marshall married Miss 
Lois Kimsey, of Angola, Indiana. Her 
father. William E. Kimsey, was for many 
years an infiuential citizen of Steuben 
County and held various positions of pub- 
lic trust. 

Hon. Samuel M. Ralston, the centen- 
nial governor of Indiana, is a figure of 
enduring interest to the people of Indiana 
not only because of his services as chief 
executive from 1913 to 1917, but also for 
his rare and forceful personality and in- 
dividual character. 

His Araericanisra is a matter of interest- 
ing record. His great-grandfather, An- 
drew Ralston, was bom in Scotland, Feb- 
ruary 25, 1753, and when a very young 
l)oy came with his parents to this country. 
The family settled in Eastern Pennsyl- 
vania. With the exception of Andrew and 
his sister his father's entire family was 
massacred bv the Indians. Later he en- 
tered the Revolutionary war and served 
seven years and four months in the Conti- 
iieiital army. He was a member of the 
Pennsylvania Rifle Regiment. He was 
taken prisoner on Long Island August 27. 
1776. and was wounded at the battle of 
HrHndvwine. 

After the war Andrew Ralston married 
Sophia Waltemeyer. Among the children 
l>orn to them was David Ralston, who mar- 
rit*<l Sarah Wiokard. While they were liv- 



ing in Pennsylvania their son John, father 
of former Governor Ralston, was bom June 
8, 1811. 

In the maternal line Governor Ralston is 
a grandson of Alexander Scott, who was 
bom in Ireland in 1775 and came at an 
early day to Pennsylvania. He married 
Gertrude Kerr, .who belonged to a promi- 
nent and talented family in Adams County, 
Pennsylvania. Among the children bom 
to them was Sarah on March 31, 1821, 
mother of Samuel M. Ralston. The latter 
therefore is of Scotch-Irish blood, the blood 
that has given to this country so many of 
its great leaders. 

David Ralston, with his wife and only 
child, John, went to Ohio to live, and 
shortly after making his new home in the 
woods he died, leaving John three years 
old. The Scotts also became residents of 
Ohio. It was in Ohio that John Ralston 
and Sarah Scott married, and while they 
were living on a farm near New Cumber- 
land, Tuscarawas County, Samuel Moffett 
Ralston was bom December 1, 1857. 

In 1865, when he was in his eighth year, 
his parents moved to Owen County, In- 
diana, where his father purchased and op- 
erated a large stock farm and where he 
lived until 1873. Financial reverses, re- 
sulting from the panic of that year, over- 
took his father, who had been a successful 
farmer and livestock dealer, and served t(> 
deprive the growing boy, then sixteen years 
old, of many advantages he otherwise 
would have enjoyed. 

His parents were Presbyterians, and a 
religious atmosphere pervaded their home, 
in which they had and reared eight chil- 
dren, four boys and four girls. The father 
was for more than forty years an elder 
in the Presbyterian Church. His mother 
was a most kind hearted woman, strongly 
attached to her home, and always inter- 
ested in the appearance and welfare of her 
children. 

Samuel knew trials and difficulties with- 
out number, on the farm, in the butcher 
business and in the coal mine but he bore 
them cheerfully and never ceased in his 
efforts to fit himself for a hiprher calling. 
For seven years he taught school during 
the winter mouths and attended school dur- 
ing the summer. He was graduated August 
1, 1884, in the scientific course of the Cen- 
tral Indiana Normal College at Danville, 
Indiana. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1229 



While attending school at Danville Mr. 
Ralston made the acquaintance of Miss Jen- 
nie Craven, of Hendricks County, a woman 
of great strength of character whom he 
married December 30, 1889. Mr. and Mrs. 
Ralston have three children: Emmet Qrat- 
tan, a graduate of Purdue University and 
an electrical engineer; Julian Craven, a 
graduate of Indiana University and an as- 
sistant in the passport division in the office 
of secretary of state at Washington ; and 
Ruth, now a student at Dc l^auw Univer- 
sity. 

Their home has always been known for 
its hospitality, amiability and cheer. As is 
usual in such fortunate marriages, the su- 
perior mental and moral endowments of the 
wife are a constant source of encourage- 
ment and inspiration to the husband. Mr. 
Ralston experiences real pleasure in saying 
he owes much to the pood sense and gen- 
uineness of her nature, and, above all, to 
her high standard of life. Mrs. Ralston 
is a much loved woman in Indiana. These 
years of happy domestic life have fixed in 
each the fundamental principles of sane 
and sound living. 

Mr. Ralston read law in the office of 
Robinson & Fowler at Spencer, Owen 
County, Indiana. lie took up his legal 
studies in September, 1884, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in the Owen Circuit 
Court January 1, 1886. In the following 
June he entered upon the practice of his 
profession at Lebanon. Boone County, In- 
diana. Here he enjoyed a paying practice 
until he went to the governor's office. 

Politically Mr. Ralston has always been 
identified with the «leiii(HTatic party. lie 
was his party's candiciate for joint .senator 
for Boone, Clinton and Montgomery coun- 
ties in lS>iS, but \\n\t to defeat with his 
party in a n'publican district. Twice he 
was a <'an(lidat»^ for s^^crctarv of state, re- 
Rpectivt»ly in ISf^fi and ls9s, and was de- 
feated for the nomination for jrov<'rnor in 
lfM)s l,v \'ii'c President Tlunnas H. Mar- 
shall. 

In IIU'J then were expressions all over 
the statr that imw liad crune tho time to 
nomin.Jte "Sam HaNtnn" for irovernor. S«» 
eon»'lus:ve \v»*r'- the reiisons that, thou^jh it 
was \m!| known that several able men were 
arnl'ilinus to bf h«»n»»red with th«* noniina- 
ti«»ri. \\h»'n Th«» convention assembled in 
ToMilinsoii Hiill March 17. 1102. no oth^r 
name than that ut* Samuel M. lialston was 

Viil. Hl-t 



presented for governor, and his nomina- 
tion followed by acclamation. 

Something of an explanation of this evi- 
dence of genuine popularity was furnished 
by two unique demonstrations in Mr. 
Ralston *s home town, Lebanon, partici- 
pated in by all of Boone (bounty. At one 
of these gatherings former Judge B. S. 
Iliggins, before whom Mr. Ralston had 
practiced for six years and with whom he 
had tried cases for many more years spoke 
thus: **Mr. Ralston is the most courage- 
ous man I ever knew. He is the fairest 
man in debate 1 ever saw in court. His 
iinignanimity is as large as humanity. 
Were I Mr. Ralston I should regard these 
tributes from my friends and neighlwrs 
spoken voluntarily and sincerely this after- 
noon as a greater honor than any other 
that could ccmie ; greater than to be gover- 
nor; greater than to be United States sena- 
tor; greater than to be the occupant of the 
White House and wield the scepter over the 
greatest of earth's republics; greater than 
all these is it to have lived in the midst 
of his neighbors in this little city and to 
have won and to have deserved these words 
of love and appreciation from those who 
have known him longest and best." 

More noteworthy, perha|>s, was the meet- 
ing held by the Women of the same locality, 
regardless of all political affiliations. They 
said of him: **We, the women of Boone 
county, appreciate to the highest extent the 
honor that would be ours could we give to 
our state her governor. Mr. Ralston came 
to Lebanon a good many years ago, when be 
was a young man. Here he brought Mrs. 
Ralston a bride, and here their children 
were born. So when we, the women of the 
county, and more strictly the women of Le- 
banon, say that this meeting is an expres- 
sion of our regard, we speak with under- 
standing. We are here in great numl)er8 as 
a tribute to a friend of our homes, a friend 
to our children, a friend to our schools, a 
friend to our chun»hes, a friend to the 
friendl(*Hs, a friend of the whole communi- 
ty, and, if calletl to the goveniorahip, as we 
hope h(» will 1h\ the great state of Indiana 
will never have a more loyal or true friend 
than Samuel M. Ralston." 

It now remains to review some of the 
ontstainling fa<*ts of the service into which 
he was initiated after the remarkable cam- 
paiirn <»f 1IM2, when Mr. Ralston was 
elected ^rovernor by an unprecedented plu- 



1230 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



rality. The destiny of events made him 
governor at the centennial of Indiana's ad- 
mission to the Union, and it has been well 
said that no other governor during the one 
hundred years of statehood, with the single 
exception of War Governor Morton, had 
been so continuously confronted with situa- 
tions re<iuiring the greatest of courage and 
strength than had the centennial governor. 

Governor Ralston 's remarkable strength 
of body and mind, his quick and sure in- 
sight into the intricacies of civic machinery, 
his readiness for instant action, gave him 
a wonderful masterv over the details of his 
office and made him a most excellent judge 
of state and economic problems. Courage 
and determination marked his conduct 
while in office. No selfish consideration 
c(mld persuade him from a judgment that 
he pronounced sound and that called for 
prompt and efficient action. The keynote 
of his administration is doubtless found 
in the inaugural address of January 13, 
1913, in the course of which he said: **As 
governor I shall have no favorites in the 
execution of the law, and let it now be 
understood that I shall hold that the mind 
which devises a scheme that is in violation 
of law is guiltier than the dependent hands 
that execute the offense in obedience to 
orders.'' 

That Governor Ralston is a man pos- 
sessed of real courage was strikingly illus- 
trated during the great street car strike in 
Indianapolis in October and November, 
1913. The strike had, with premeditation, 
been called on the eve of the citv election 
in the hope of embarrassing the executive 
by the necessity' of calling out the troops 
to avert a riot and insurrection. The gov- 
ernor had up to this time been unsuccess- 
ful in effecting an adjustment between the 
striking employes and the traction com- 
pany. The mayor insisted that the gov- 
ernor call a special session of the Legis- 
lature and prmuire the passage of a com- 
pulsory arbitration law. The Merchants 
Association and business interests de- 
manded that the governor call out the Na- 
tional Guard to establish order. The union 
men protested that such an act would pre- 
cipitate riot and bloodshed such as had 
never been seen l>efore. 

On the night of November 5th the prover- 
nor calle<l out the entire National Guard. 
At noon on the following day many .thou- 
sands of the strikers and their sympathizers 



gathered on the lawn about the south door 
of the State House, protesting against the 
calling out of the troops. The cry was 
started for the governor to address them. 
Contrary' to the solicitous advice of 
friends the governor appeared on the State 
House steps. Then followed a speech that 
not only allayed fear and apprehension, 
but broke the backbone of the strike. The 
governor spoke without preparation, but 
with profound thought fulness, and the men 
went away assured in their hearts that they 
had a friend in the governor's chair; that 
he knew their burdens and was willing to 
share these with them. Capital knew that 
he was a man who could not be stampeded 
bv shouts and demands. With the exercise 
of keen personal judgment and rare 
courage, Governor Ralston was able to 
control the situation. He refused to put 
the troops into the streets to force the im- 
mediate action of the cars, but demanded 
that the street car company through him 
treat with the strikers. His firmness won 
the day. His services as arbitrator were 
effective and the City of Indianapolis re- 
turned to normal life. 

Under the leadership of Governor Ral- 
ston the Legislatures of 1913 and 1915 
passed many acts for the protection of the 
working man and the betterment of his 
working and living conditions and the pro- 
tection of society. Laws were passed pro- 
viding for the prohibition of the sale of 
habit-forming drugs, for the conservation 
of our natural resources, development of 
livestock industry, prevention of tubercu- 
losis, for industrial aid to the blind, for the 
regulation of hospital and tenement houses, 
and for securing a supply of pure water 
and the establishment of children's play- 
grounds. In 1915 there was passed, with 
the support of the governor, a law that 
effectually stamped out the social evil and 
abolished the redlight district. Two of the 
outstanding pieces of constructive legisla- 
tion of his admini-stration were the Public 
Ftilities Law and the Vocational Educa- 
tional Act. 

The state educational institutions had for 
years been embarrassed for the want of 
funds. Governor Ralston favored putting 
them on a safe financial basis, and this his 
administration did. As governor he was 
and as a private citizen he has always been 
a strong advocate of popular education. 

Governor Ralston favored the creation of 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1231 



a non-politioal and non-salaried Centennial 
Conimiwiion of nine members. The purpose 
was to provide for the eelebration of the 
One Hundretith Anniver8ar>' of the admis- 
sion of the state to the Union. He also 
advised that a considerable portion of the 
appropriation made for that eelebration 
should be used in historical research and 
in collecting and compiling historical docu- 
ments which shall be a permanent contribu- 
tion to the state's history. 

For many years Indiana carried a heavy 
debt. It had been an issue in every cam- 
I>aipn of more or \ess consequence for forty 
years, but no party and no leader had been 
willing to take a stand for its early liquida- 
tion. Governor Ralston was, and before his 
administration closed the state paid the 
last cent it owed, and for the first time in 
eiprhty years was out of debt, with $3,755.- 
997.98 in its treasury, when he went out of 
oflfice. 

Realizing the important part good roads 
play in our civilization. Governor Ralston 
in 1914 appointed a non-partisan highway 
commission, composed of five distinguished 
citizens of the state. In the spring of 1915 
he called a meeting of the governors of 
seven states for the purpose of considering 
the construction of a National Highway 
from Chicago to Jacksonville, Florida, \o 
be known as the Dixie Highway. The meet- 
ing was held in Chattanooga in April, 1915, 
and is regarded as the greatest highway 
meeting ever held both in point of attend- 
ance and importance of the scheme under 
consideration. 

Under bis administration a State Park 
system was inaugurated and Turkey Run, 
picturesciue and beautiful, was saved to the 
state and generations to come. 

Early ^londay morning, June 18, 1916, 
the national government called the Indiana 
National Guard into Federal Service on 
account of the Mexican border trouble. In 
response to this call the Guard was 
mobilized, recruite<l to war strength, and 
the regimental and brigade organizations 
completed with dispatch and efficiency 
through the assistance of the governor's 
able adjutant general. Franklin L. Bridges, 
and without any man's merits being disre- 
ganle<l through partisan prejudices. 

This was the onlv time in Indiana's his- 
tory that she fumishcil the federal govern- 
ment a completed brigade organization. 
The governor put it under the command 



of Edward M. I^wis, a colonel in 
the United States army, whom he named 
for brigadier-general. Brigadier-General 
l/cwis was a graduate of West Point Mili- 
tary Academy, and was the first brigadier- 
general the state ever had in charge of an 
Indiana brigade. 

The One Hundredth Anniversary of 
Perry's Victory and the Fiftieth Anniver- 
sary of the battle of Gettysburg were cele- 
brated, and the Panama-Pacific Interna- 
tional Exposition at San Francisco was 
held during Governor Ralston 's adminis- 
tration. He represented his state and made 
an appropriate speech on each of these 
events. He was the friend of the old sol- 
dier throughout his administration, and in 
its report to him the commission that had 
charge of the Gettysburg celebration says: 
"To your Excellency, who from first to 
last has been the friend of this movement, 
going with us to Gettysburg, staying with 
us while there, coming home with us on our 
return, and thus making yourself thor- 
oughly one of us, the Commission cannot 
a(lcc|uately express its thanks." 

Great as were the services he rendered 
the state there was no bluster or pretense 
about the centennial governor. He pursued 
the even tenor of his wav and his acts met 
with the approval, with but few exceptions, 
of the entire preas of Indiana. The oppo- 
sition with which he was met from the 
press was due to political reasons and to 
the fact that he would not receive his 
orders from the editorial room of any news- 
paper. 

Governor Ralston in bis final message to 
the Legislature January 5, 1917, just be- 
fore retiring from office as governor, rec- 
ommended for passage a great number of 
important bills. They were progressive 
measures and showed him to be strong in 
his sympathy with the people. One inter- 
este<l in state affairs will profit by reading 
these messages. 

Governor Ralston has an abiding faith in 
the destiny of our nation and in its ability 
to overcome all difficulties to which it may 
be subjected. He proved himself strong, 
efficient and faithful in guiding with a mas- 
ter hand the affairs of the state that has 
always been ready to do its share of the 
nation's work. 

As chief of the commonwealth he rose 
to social eminence without forgetting the 
humble homes. He was always careful to 



1232 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



meet every father or mother who visited 
the governor's oflSce in the interest of an 
inmate of any of our institutions. Neither 
power nor position has marred his innate 
good will towards all mankind. And more 
of the thoughtful good will of the people 
was directed affectionately toward him 
when he left office than when he entered. 

Booth Tarkinoton. Of Indiana natives 
who have attained national distinction in 
literature none is more thoroughly an In- 
diana product than Booth Tarkington, the 
novelist and dramatist. His grandfather, 
Rev. Joseph Tarkington, a native of Ten- 
nessee, came to Indiana with his parents in 
1815, and located first at Harrison's Block- 
house (now Edwardsport, Knox County) 
and later in the wilds west of Bloomington. 
Joseph Tarkington was converted at a 
camp -meeting in 1820, and entered the min- 
istry of the Methodist Church in 1824, be- 
coming in his long service one of the best 
known of the Methodist preachers in In- 
diana and Illinois. He married Maria 
Stevenson, of Switzerland County, and 
their eldest son, John Stevenson Tarking- 
ton, born at Centerville, Wa>Tie Countv, 
June 24, 1832, was Booth Tarkington's 
father. 

Judge John Stevenson Tarkington at- 
tended the excellent schools of Centerville, 
and then went to Asbury (now DePauw) 
Tniversity, from which he graduated in 
1852, receiving a Master's degree in 1855. 
He read law, and engaged successfully in 
practice. He was elected to the State 
Legislature in 1863, served as captain of 
Company A of the One Hundred and Thir- 
ty-second Indiana Infantrj- in the Civil 
war ; and was elected judge of the Seventh 
Judicial Circuit in 1870. Judge Tarking- 
ton is known locally for his geniality and 
as a student and a wit. His literary ven- 
tures include a novel, **The Hermit of 
Capri,'' and **The Auto-Orphan." 

On November 19, 1857, Judge Tarking- 
ton married Elizabeth Booth, also of an old 
Indiana family. She was l)orn at Salem, 
Indiana, in 1834. and was a sister of Sena- 
tor Newton Booth of California, for whom 
Booth Tarkington was named, though he 
has dropped the ** Newton*' for literary 
purposes. The Booths were an old Connecti- 
cut family. Elizab<»th being a granddaugh- 
ter of Mary Newton, an early belle oi* 



Woodbridge, and a lineal descendant of 
Rev. Thomas Hooker, who married Walter 
Booth. It may be noted in passing that 
Salem and Centerville were two of the 
notable seats of culture in early Indiana, 
and also that both Judge Tarkington and 
his wife were prominent in the ** talent" 
of the amateur dramatic society organized 
in Indianapolis during the Civil war to 
raise funds for the Sanitary Commission. 

Booth Tarkington was bom at Indian- 
apolis July 29, 1869. He went from the 
public schools of the city to Phillips Acad- 
emy, Exeter, New Hampshire, and then to 
Purdue and to Princeton. In the class of 
1893 at Princeton he was especially promi- 
nent in literary, musical and dramatic cir- 
cles. He decided on literary work, but had 
many of the common disappointments of 
3'oung authors before he finally won his 
spurs by **The Gentleman Prom Indiana," 
first published in McClure's Magazine in 
1897. This was followed by his romance 
** Monsieur Beaucaire," which was even 
more popular in 1890, and from that time 
on his work has been in demand from the 
magazines and publishers. Both of these 
stories were dramatized; and ** Monsieur 
Beaucaire,'' in whose dramatization Tark- 
ington collaborated with E. G. Sutherland, 
held the stage for months with Lewis Wal- 
ler in the title role in England, and 
Richard Mansfield in the United States. 

Among the more important of his numer- 
ous published works, in addition to those 
mentioned, are **The Two VanRevels," 
1902; ** Cherry," 1903; **The Beautiful 
Ladv" and **The Conquest of Cai\aan," 
1905; '*His Own People" and ** Cameo 
Kirbv" 1907 ; ** Guest of Quesnay," **Your 
Humble Servant," ** Spring Time," and 
**The Man From Home" (with Harry 
I.eon Wilson), 1908; **Beasley's Christmas 
Partv" and ^* Getting a Polish" 1909; 
**Beautv and the Jacobin," 1911; ''A Man 
on Horseback," 1912; **The Flirt," 1913; 
**Penrod," and **The Turmoil" 1914; 
**Penrod and Sam," and ** Seventeen, " 
1916: ''Mister Antonio" and *'The Coun- 
try- Cousin,'' 1917. His plays have been 
ver>' popular, and have been presented by 
the* most notable actors of the period — 
William Hodge in *'The Man From 
Home." Nat Goodwin and Dustin Far'ium 
in '* Cameo Kirby," May Irwin in ''Get- 
ting a Polish," Mabel Taliaferro in 




^ o-Ccr-it<^irt^ -H do-yV'?-''-^^ 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1237 



For his third wife Stoujrhton A. Fletcher, 
Sr., married Mrs. Julia A. Johnson. 

Stoujfhton A. Fletcher, president of the 
hank which was founded by his honored 
jrrandfather, was born in Indianapolis No- 
veinlKT 24, 1879, a son of Stoughton J. and 
Laura (I.,ocke) Fletcher. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools, is a graduate 
of Princeton I'nivcrsity with the degree 
A. H., and returned from college to begin 
his business career with the Fletcher Na- 
tional Hank. He was made a.ssistant cash- 
ier, later vice pn»sident, and since Janu- 
ary, 1908, has been president. Mr. 
P'letchcr has numerous connections with 
other important business concerns at In- 
dianapolis, including the management of 
a large family estate, but he is most widely 
known as a Itanker and is undoubtedly one 
of the youngest men ever chosen to direct 
the destinies of an institution with re- 
sources of over $35,000,000. 

Mr. F'letcher is a republican, a member 
of the Comiuercial and Columbia clul)s, 
and with all his henvy responsibilities has 
found time and made opportunity to iden- 
tify himself closely with th«* important 
civio movements of his home city. In 1900 
he married Miss May Henley. 

Archibaij) C. Graham. When Archi- 
bald V. (iraham Im^ated in St. Joseph 
County in 1896 he was a young, practically 
unknown and untried lawyer. In subse- 
ciuent years he has achieved all the dignity 
associated with the abler members of his 
proft*ssion, and is one of the ranking law- 
yers of the South Hend bar. He is one of 
four Graham brothers who have been iden- 
tified with St. Joseph County, one as a 
physician at Mishawaka, another as a drug- 
gist of South Bend and the other as a 
South Bend banker. 

Mr. Graham was bom on a farm in 
Eekfried Township, Middlesex County, On- 
tario, Canada, September 1, 1871, son of 
John and Rebecca (McCIellan) Graham. 
His father was bom in the north of Scot- 
land in 1823. Grandfather William Gra- 
ham brought his family to America in 1837, 
and after a long voyage of nine weeks on 
the ocean landed at Quebec and by river 
and lake traveled to Hamilton, Ontario, 
and thence went into the woods of Elgin 
County. He acquired a tract of heavily 
timbered land. Years of hard and continu- 
ous labor brougbt many acres under culti- 



vation, and he developed it as a farmer and 
stock raiser and lived there until his death 
at the advanced age of ninety-eight He 
married Catherine McDougal and their 
four children were John, Archibald, 'Wil- 
liam and Catherine. 

John Graham was fourteen years old 
when he came to America, grew up on the 
farm and in the woods of Ontario, and 
finally bought a farm of his own in Eek- 
fried Township of Middlesex County. He 
inherits much of his father's vitality and 
vigor and is still living at the age of ninety- 
six. His career has been entirely identified 
with his farm and his interests as a live- 
stock man. His wife, Rebecca McCIellan, 
was born in Ontario, daughter of Angus 
and Flora (McLaughlin) McCIellan, both 
natives of Scotland and also pioneers of 
Middlesex County, Ontario. Mrs. Rebecca 
Graham died at the age of fifty-five, the 
mother of ten children. 

Archibald C. Graham attended the com- 
mon schools, the high schools at Dutton 
and (flencoe, and for three years was a 
Canadian teacher. He took up the study 
of law privately and afterwards entered 
the Detroit College of Law, where he was 
graduated LL. B. in 1896. He at once 
came to Mishawaka, Indiana, and practiced 
there until August 1905, when he formed 
a partnership in South Bend, under the 
firm name of Brick and Graham, with the 
late Hon. A. L. Brick, member of Con- 
gress from the Thirteenth Indiana District 
from 1896 until his death in 1908. Since 
the death of his partner Mr. Graham has 
handled a large general and cori)orate prac- 
tice alone. 

January 4, 1904, he married Miss Har- 
riet Crane. She was bom at Syracuse, 
New York, daughter of Charles Crane, a 
native of Massachusetts who lives in Elk- 
hart County, Indiana. Mr. and Mrs. Gra- 
ham have three children : Helen, Jean and 
Archibald J. 

Incidental to his law practice Mr. Gra- 
ham has taken an active part in republican 
politics. He has served as chairman of the 
Republican Executive Committee of St. 
Joseph County and as a member of {he 
Republican State and District Committees 
and as a delegate to many conventions. 
During the greater part of his residence 
at Mishawaka he served as city attorney. 
He is affiliated with the Lodge, Royal Arch 
Chapter and Council of Masonry at Ifiaha- 



12:i8 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



waka, with South Bend Commander^ No. 
82, Knights Templars, with Mishawaka 
Lodge, Knights of Pythias, and with the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks 
at South Bend. He is also a member of 
tlie Knife and Fork Club, of the St. Joseph 
Valley Country Club, a member of the In- 
diana Club, and during the war was a di- 
rector of the War Chest. 

OuvER Perry Jones. With his home at 
Crawfordsville, Oliver Perry Jones is 
spending his active life as a scientific 
farmer in Whitley County. The Jones 
family established themselves in a pioneer 
district of Whitley County seventy years 
ago. They belonged to the territorial fam- 
ilies of Indiana, their first home having 
been established in Wayne County, Indiana, 
in 1810. The following family record is 
given at length becaase of the prominence 
of many individuals and the historical cir- 
cumstances connected with the various re- 
movals and incidents in the Jones history. 

In colonial times the first American 
Jones came from Wales and settled in 
Culpeper, Virginia. In that county John 
Jones was Iwrn, and was a gallant soldier 
with the colonists in the struggle for inde- 
pendence, lie participated in one of the 
most decisive battles of the western fron- 
tier, the Battle of Point Pleasant, on the 
western slope of the Alleghenies at the 
junction of the great Kanawha and Ohio 
rivers. lie established his permanent home 
in Kanawha County, Virginia, in 1797, and 
owned large tracts of land there, includ- 
ing the site of Grafton. John Jones mar- 
rie<l Frances Morris, daughter of Levi 
Morris of Virginia. She was an aunt of 
Thomas A. Morris, who later became a 
bishop of the Methodist Epis(»opal Church. 
Of the children of John Jones and wife 
William. Edmund. Thomas, John and Levi 
M. all lo<*ate<l in Wayne County, Indiana. 

I^»vi Morris Jones, grandfather of Oliver 
Perry Jones, was born on a farm in Cul- 
peper County. Virginia, October 10, 1785, 
and was twelve years old when his parents 
moved to what is now West Virginia. In 
Kanawha County he married Mary 
Thomas. She was born in Buckingham 
County, Virginia. February 7, 1784. They 
were married in 1S06. The father of Marv- 
Thomas, Jos**ph Thomas, was born in 
Buckingham County, Virginia. August 3, 
17.'>9, and also took his family to Kanawha 



County in October, 1797. Joseph Thomas, 
,who died in 1839, was a Revolutionary sol- 
dier directly under the command of Gen- 
eral Washington. His father, Henry 
Thomas, was born in Wales in 1728 and 
came to Virginia soon after his marriage. 
Joseph Thomas married in 1781 Rebecca 
Tindal, who was born in Fauquier County, 
Virginia, November 5, 1763. The Thomas 
children were Lewis, Mary, Washington, 
Henry, Thomas M., Rebecca Tindal, Sarah, 
Dolly H., Janie Pleasant, Norburn and 
Helena. Several of the sons were magnifi- 
cent specimens of physical manhood and 
the pioneer instinct in them was strong. 
Lewis Thomas at the age of sixty-six 
started for the gold fields of California 
and died of typhoid fever en route. 

Levi M. Jones after his marriage con- 
tinued farming in West Virginia until 
March, 1815, when he started for Wayne 
County, Indiana. He journeyed down the 
Ohio river on a flatboat to Cincinnati, and 
then drove across country to Wayne 
County. lie first located at Old Salisbury 
and a year later bought 160 acres in Cen- 
ter Township of Wayne County. Two 
years later he sold that property and 
bought lots in Centerville, where he built 
a hotel, and in 1819 constructed the first 
brick house in the town. This brick house 
became associated with many important 
events in the history of Wayne County. 
Levi M. Jones also took the first contract 
to carry mail from Centerville to Indianap- 
olis, and his son Lewis was the carrier, 
making the trip of sixty-five miles with- 
out any stop. Levi M. Jones was not only 
a man of much business enterprise but of 
generosity and confidence in his fellow- 
men that was frequently betrayed, and 
security debts swept away most of his es- 
tate. He died October 5, 1823, honored 
and respected, but left his family lA 
straightened circumstances. It was his 
wife, a noble woman of the pioneer type, 
who came to the rescue of the family for- 
tune. One of her sons speaking of her 
later said: ** Thinking over the past and 
of the early history of my mother's family, 
my mind runs back nearly sixty-one years 
to the scene of the Town of Centerville, 
Wayne County. I fancy I see a little 
group of ten children and a mother and 
other relatives mourning over the loss of 
a dear father and a loving companion. 
The prospects for keeping the family to- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1239 



gcther and rearing those children would 
lie a very gloomy one under the circum- 
stances to my mother's friends. After a 
consultation about the matter the friends 
advised my mother to put the children 
*out/ as they did not think it possible for 
her to keep them together and raise 
them. She listened to and thanked her 
friends for their advice but to them she 
said, *nay. as long as I have a finger to 
scTatch, these children shall never be sep- 
arated.* And they never were separated 
except as they reached maturity and were 
married. The last thing we children would 
hear at night when we went to bed was 
the wheel or loom, and it was the first 
thing in the morning. It seemed as though 
she never slept. Oh, for such courage, for 
such a will to do, and for such economy 
as she used in raising her children. Would 
that there were more mothers in this pres- 
ent day who possessed the will and courage 
that she did. I will venture the assertion 
that in the first ten vears after mv father's 
death there was not a bill of $10 run by 
the familv at anv store. If ever a mother 
ditl her whole duty in raising a family of 
fatherless children mv mother was such a 
one. After living to sec them all grown 
and married except one she departed this 
life for a better home.'' She died Decem- 
ber 20, 1848. 

The children of this noble woman were: 
Lewis, Ixirn in Kanawha County March 
26. 1807, died at his home near Center- 
ville April 3, 1877. He first married Caro- 
line licvcl, and his second wife was Ruth 
Commons. Sal lie Jones, bom November 6, 
18^)9, was first married in 1831 to John 
H^>f?P^» a»d in 1854 became the wife of Rob- 
ert Franklin. Oliver Tindal Jones, bom 
September 19, 1810, died at his home near 
Center\ille December 16, 1874, his wife 
having been Mar>' King. He was a large 
land owner and farmer and also a banker at 
Centerville. Norris Jones, bom August 19, 
1811, and died at Connersville, Indiana, 
March 22, 1881, married Sabra Jenkins. 
Harrison Jones, bom May 10, 1813, died 
at Centerville Aug^ust 13, 1844. His wife 
was Eliza Bundy. Rebecca Jones, bom 
March 15, 1815, and died in Wayne 
County August 7, 1866, was married to 
Daniel S. Shank. The next in age in the 
family was Washington Jones, whose 
career is taken up in following paragraphs. 
Eli Reynolds Jones, bom in Wayne 



County, Indiana, March 17, 1818, also lived 
in Whitley County, Indiana, and married 
Ann Crowe. Ann Jones born in Wayne 
County June 14, 1821, died at Indianapolis 
November 21, 1883, wife of Stephen Crowe. 
Levi Morris, youngest of the children, was 
born April 4, 1823, and died on his farm 
in Wayne County May 13, 1876. He mar- 
ried Matilda Jane Brown. 

Washington Jones, father of Oliver 
Perry, was the first of the family bom in 
Wayne County. His birth occurred De- 
cember 8, 1816, at the old homestead a mile 
north of Centerville. He lived at home to 
the age of eighteen and worked for his 
three older brothers, who were managing 
the farm for their mother. He then con- 
tracted for the purchase of 160 acres in 
Madison County for the sum of $280, and 
paid for it at the rate of $9 a month. It 
is said that he lost but two days' work 
until the land was paid for. Later he 
bought eighty acres in Tipton County, In- 
diana, for $2(H). paying for this at the 
rate of $11 a month. He also improved 
a lot in Centerville, but soM that at a 
sacrifice in order to invest $150 in 160 acres 
of wild land on section 28 of Etna Town- 
ship, Whitley County. To this land, im- 
proved with a log cabin 14x18 feet, he 
moved his family September 8, 1848. On 
that farm he did his real work in life, and 
kept his possessions growing until he had 
nearly 700 acres, most of which was di- 
vided among his children. The home farm 
proper contained 200 acres. He was a 
man of much skill and of good education. 
At the age of ten years he had begun 
working in brick yards, and put in twenty 
summers in W«ayne County at that employ- 
ment. That gave him a practical knowl- 
edge of brick making and he used this to 
make all the brick which entered into the 
construction of his fine country home in 
Whitley County. He began the construc- 
tion of this building the same week that 
Fort Sumter was fired upon and it was 
completed Janulary 17, 1863. At that time 
it was regarded as one of the finest homes 
in the county. Though he had meager op- 
portunities to secure an education, he made 
diligent use of ever>' opportunity, and at 
the age of twenty-one attended both day 
and night school under the in.struction of 
his brother O. T. Jones. At the age of 
twenty-two he taught a school, and later 
spent six winters in teaching in Wayne 



1240 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



County. One of his pupiU was Lncinda 
Burbank, who afterwards became the wife 
of Indiana's great war governor, Oliver 
P. Morton. 

Washington Jones evidently used a great 
deal of judgment and enterprse in select- 
ing his land in Whitley County. A large 
part of it was covered with heavy black 
walnut timber, and in 1870 he sold a lot 
of that wood, valued at about $8,000. 
There was also a grove of hard maple trees, 
and maple sugar and syrup manufacture 
was a part of every year's program. He 
also developed a large orchard. Washing- 
ton Jones began voting as a whig and after- 
wards was an active republican. He held 
many of the minor posts of responsibility 
wherein local affairs are administered, such 
as justice of Jhe peace, township assessor 
and trustee. He was a member of the 
Baptist Church. 

After a long life, deserving of every 
encomium that could be paid it, Washing- 
ton Jones passed away at his country es- 
Ute in Whitley County June 23, 1903. 

January 20, 1845, he married Catherine 
Hunt. She died November 6, 1852, the 
mother of two children : Marv Jane, who 
was bom February 20, 1846, and died Octo- 
ber 18, 1855, and Hannah Eliza, bom Octo- 
ber 8, 1848, died April 27, 1874, the wife 
of Jesse Miller. On October 2, 1853, Wash- 
ington Jones married a sister of his first 
wife, Mrs. Frances Mar\' Hart, widow of 
William Hart. She died September 6, 
1873, mother of the following children: 
Levi Monroe, bom July 22, 1854; Wash- 
ington Thomas, born March 26, 1858 ; Oli- 
ver Perry, bom March 23, 1865. October 
8, 1874, Washington Jones married Mrs. 
Samantha Caroline (Palmer) Trumbull, 
widow of Lewis M. Trumbull and daugh- 
ter of Samuel and Sallie (Palmer) Skinner. 

Membership in such a family constitutes 
a badge of honor and a constant stimulus 
to the best attainments in life. Oliver 
Pern* Jones was born in the old home in 
Whitley County March 23, 1865. His 
father saw to it that he had ample oppor- 
tunities as a youth, and in addition to the 
public schools near the old home he at- 
tended Earlham College at Richmond. His 
training as an engineer he utilizes largely 
in following his chosen vocation as an agri- 
culturist, and for twenty-five years he 
managed with a high degree of skill and 



art a fine farm in Whitley County. When 
he left the farm he sought the cultured at- 
mosphere of the old college center of Craw- 
fordsville. 

December 21, 1886, he married Miss 
Elsie E. Barber. She was bom in Whitley 
County November 15, 1868, daughter of 
Frederick and Lucy J. (Barnes) Barber, 
who were also natives of Indiana. Mrs. 
Jones finished her education at Larwill 
Academy. Mr. and Mrs. Jones have two 
sons and one daughter. Mark Barber, born 
January 20, 1888, in Whitley County, is a 
graduate of the Columbia City High School 
and finished his college work in Wabash 
College with the class of 1911 and the de- 
gree of Mining Engineer. After leaving 
college he had a most interesting and 
fruitful experience, being selected as mem- 
ber of a staflf of mining engineers by the 
Oriental Consolidated Mining Company, 
and in that capacity he spent two years 
in Japan and Korea. Since returning from 
the Orient he has been engaged in the lum- 
ber manufacturing business at Cuyahoga 
Falls, Ohio. He married Miss Nellie R. 
James June 14, 1915. She is a native of 
Ohio and received a college training, being 
a graduate of Buchtel College. 

Walter Paul Jones, born August 22, 
1891, in Whitley County, graduated from 
Wabash College with the class of 1913, 
having specialized in English. He has 
been an instructor in different colleges and 
universities and in 1918 was chosen to 
the chair of English in the University of 
California. He married Miss Mildred 
Demaree August 30, 1916. They have one 
child, Elsie Barbara. Both sons are mem- 
bers of the Phi Beta Kappa. 

The daughter is Frances D 'Maris, born 
October 17, 1897, in Whitlev Countv. She 
is a graduate of Crawfordville High 
School with the class of 1915, and also of 
the Indianapolis Conservatory of Music. 
April 26, 1916, she became the wife of 
Buren A. Beck. They have two sons, 
Buren, Jr., and Charles Oliver. Mr. Beck 
is now in the dairy business at Hammond, 
Louisiana. 

Mr. Oliver P. Jones is a Master Mason 
and Odd Fellow, a republican and a mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church. 

Judge Samuel E. Pebkiks. Perkins is 
one of the names most suggestive oi the 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1241 



honorable traditions and achievements of 
the Indiana bar, to which the services of 
three generations have been given. 

First in time, and bei*ause of his posi- 
tion as a justice of the Supreme Court per- 
haps most widely known, was Jud^e Sam- 
uel E. Perkins, whose life bulked larj^ in 
the affairs of Indiana during the middle 
decades of the last century. He was bom 
at Brattleboro, Vermont, December 6, 
1811, the second son of John Trumbull 
and Catherine (Willard) Perkins, both of 
whom were natives of Hartford, Connecti- 
cut. His father was also a lawyer, but had 
little opportunity to influence the mind of 
his son, who was only ^\e years old when 
the father died. 

Thereafter until he was twenty-one 
Judge Perkins lived on the farm of Wil- 
liam Baker near Conway, Massachusetts. 
The liberal education of his mature life 
was the result of studies largely self-di- 
rected and from schooling the expenses of 
which he had paid by teaching and other 
employment. lie read law in the office of 
Thomas J. Nevius at Penn Yan, New York, 
and in 1836, at the ajre of twenty-five, 
started west from lUiflTalo on foot to seek 
a location. Eighty years ago there were 
few spots in the Sliddle West which had 
outgrown the spirit and habits of pioneer 
davs. It was in one of the thriftier towns 
of Indiana. Richmond, that Judge Perkins 
made his first location. The winter follow- 
ing he did office work for his board, and 
in the sprinjr of 1837, after examination, 
was admitted to the bar. 

While his entrance into the profession 
as into this state was attended by modest 
circumstances, his sterling abilities soon 
manifested themselves and his practice was 
as large and important as almost any of his 
contemporaries enjoyed. Incidentally he 
became interested in joumali.sm, and at 
one time was editor and publisher of the 
Jefferaonian. By appointment of Governor 
Whitcomb he became prosecuting attorney 
of the Sixth Judicial District in 1843. In 
1844 he was one of the electors who cast 
the vote of Indiana for James K. Polk. 

In 1844 and again in 1845 he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Whitcomb to a seat 
on the Supreme bench of Indiana. Neither 
appointment was confirmed, but during 
adjournment of the licgislature he was once 
more appointed, and served without con- 
firmation one year. He was extremely 



young for such honors and responsibilities^ 
being only thirty-four when he went on 
the bench. After a year he was renomi- 
nated for the bench, and the senate con- 
firmed him by a two-thirds vote. Under 
the new constitution the office of supreme 
judge became elective, and he was chosen 
by popular ballot in 1852 and in 1858. 
Altogether his services to the Supreme 
Court of Indiana covered nineteen vital 
and progressive years in the state's life, 
lie retired from the bench in 1864. 

In the meantime, in 1857, he had become 
professor of law in Northwestern Chri.stian 
I'niversity, now Butler College, and from 
1870 to 1872 held a similar office in the 
Indiana State University at Bloomington. 
As a contributor to legal literature he pre- 
pared **Indiana Digest'' in 1858, and ''In- 
diana Practice'' in 1859. In 1868 he 
turned from private practice to assume the 
heavy and taxing responsibilities of edit- 
ing the Indianapolis Herald, formerly and 
afterwards the Sentinel. In 1872 Governor 
Baker apjwinted him to fill a vacancy on 
the Superior bench in Marion County, and 
in 1874 he was elected to this office without 
opposition. Then in 1876, at the age of 
sixty-five, he was again elected a judge of 
the Supreme Court, and he was a member 
of that court when he was called to the 
Great Assize on December 17, 1879. His 
fellow justices prepared an appreciation 
and estimate of his work and character 
which is found in the Sixty-eighth Indiana 
Reports. All that was said of him waa 
well deserved. He was a great lawyer, a 
great jurist and a great man. 

Judge Perkins married in 1838 Amanda 
J. Pyle, daughter of Joseph Pyle, of Rich- 
mond, Indiana. Ten children were bom to 
them. 

The oldest son, Samuel E. Perkins II, 
was bom at Richmond September 2, 1846. 
The year following his birth his parents 
moved to Indianapolis in order that his 
father might attend to his duties as Su- 
preme judge. In the capital city he spent 
his boyhood and youth, finishing his school- 
ing in Northwestern Christian University, 
now Butler College. Under his father he 
guided his mind in its first acquisition of 
legal knowledge, and subsequently was a 
student in the law school founded by Judge 
Perkins and Hon. Joseph E. McDonald. 
He and his father, during the few years 
when the latter was not on the bench, were 



1242 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



actively associated in practice, but upon 
the death of Judge Perkins his son sought 
no further opportunities to build up his 
clientage and found his time well taken up 
by managing the various property interests 
he had acquired. He was more widely 
known as a counsellor than as a court prac- 
titioner. He had a thorough knowledge of 
the law and was wise in its application. 
Perhaps his chief characteristics were his 
industry and his love of home. He was 
universally respected for his upright life 
and for the general good he did in the com- 
munity. He had a well rounded and use- 
ful life, though he did not attain the age 
of three score and ten. He died April 8, 
1915. 

On July 11, 1877, he married Susan 
Elizabeth Hatch. She is still living in In- 
dianapolis, and her marked literar>' talents 
have brought her much esteem in literary 
circles. She is the mother of two sons, 
Samuel E. and Volney. The latter died in 
1900, while a student at Purdue Univer- 
sity. 

Samuel E, Perkins III, whose secure po- 
sition in the Indianapolis bar senses to con- 
nect the present with the older generation 
distinguished by his grandfather, was bom 
at Indianapolis May 8, 1878. After at- 
tending private and grrade schools in In- 
dianapolis he entered Wabash College, 
from which he graduated Bachelor of Arts 
in 1900. The Indiana Law School gave 
him his LL.B. degree in 1902, and since 
that year he has been steadily winning the 
honors of his chosen profession. 

On September 11, 1901, he married Mary 
F. Milford at Crawfordsville. They have 
two children, a daughter Susan L., fifteen 
years of age, and the son aged ten bears 
the name Samuel E. IV and represents 
the fourth generation of this honored name 
and familv in Indiana. 

(fEoRCtE LEM.vrx. This is a name well 
known in several parts of Indiana and at 
IndianapolJH it is associated with one of 
the important and thriving industries of 
the city the Indianapolis Brush and Broom 
Manufacturing Company, a business which 
Mr. (leorge Lemaux has developed to 
highly successful proportions. 

He is a son of George Ijemaux, Sr., who 
died at Hidgeville, Indiana in April 1913. 
}lv was horn at Tcrre Bonne, (^annda. in 
18:^8, of French ancestry. It is said that 



one of his ancestors lived at the French 
City of Limoges the great center of porce- 
lain and textile manufacturing, and the 
name of the city was the original way of 
the spelling of the family name. The 
father of George Lemaux, Sr., brought the 
family to America and settled in Canada. 

George Lemaux, Sr., was a cooper by 
trade. In 1864 he moved from Canada to 
Noblesville, Indiana, and there engaged 
in the manufacture of staves. In 1868 he 
moved to Lebanon, Indiana, and from there 
to Ridgeville in 1872. Later he was a re- 
tail grocery merchant and was honored 
both in the business life and citizenship of 
the Ridgeville community. He was noted 
particularly for his unostentatious charity 
and for his quiet, unassuming career as an 
upright man. He was a Presbyterian in 
religion and after acquiring American 
citizenship was a republican voter. He 
married Marilla Irving. They had three 
sons, two now living, William, Frank and 
George. Frank who died at Ridgeville at 
the age of twenty-seven married Carrie 
Eubanks and left one son, Claude. The 
son William is now in the grocery business 
at Ridgeville. 

George Lemaux, Jr., who was bom at 
Tyrone, Canada, June 19, 1862, was 
brought to Indiana in early infancy and 
lived with his parents until he at- 
tained manhood. He gained most of 
his education in the public schools of 
Ridgeville and while there learned the 
trade of handle turner. This was an 
occupation for only a brief time, until 
he entered the grocery and produce busi- 
ness, and in that he laid the foundation 
of his competence. He was a merchant for 
twenty-two years. In April, 1902, Mr. Le- 
maux moved to Indianapolis in order to 
take charge of the Indianapolis Brush 
Works a plant which he had acquired two 
years previously. Under him the business 
was reorganized as the Indianapolis Brush 
and Broom Manufacturing Company, and 
he has been its president and directing 
head ever since. It has grown rapidly, is 
an industry- that furnishes employment to 
from 90 to 100 workmen, and its product 
is distributed over many states. 

As a side line^ though an interest by no 
means to be despised either from the point 
of view of personal profit and recreation 
and value to the world at large, Mr, Le- 
maux is a practical agriculturist, owning 



IxNDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1243 



two fine farms, one of 202 acres in Jay 
County and one of 210 acres in Hendricfa 
County. 

In politics Mr. Lemaux is a republican. 
He has been keenly interested in the politi- 
cal life of the state and nation since he 
attained manhood. For years he was a 
party committeeman in Randolph County. 
In January, 1918, he was appointed by 
Mayor Jewett as a member of the Board 
of Public Works of Indianapolis. 

Mr. Lemaux is a member of the Colum- 
bia and Marion clubs of Indianapolis, the 
Board of Trade and for three years was a 
director of the Chamber of Commerce. He 
is afiSliated with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, the Improved Order of 
Red Men, the Masons and the Modern 
Woodmen of America at Ridgeville. 

On May 28, 1885, he married Miss Nora 
Ward. They have one son, Irving Ward, 
now associated with his father in business. 
Irving Ward Lemaux is also a member and 
president of the Marion County Council. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Lemaux are members 
of the Broadway Methodist Episcopal 
Church. 

WnxiAM F. PiEL. Beginning about 1848 
Indianapolis became the home of thousands 
of high minded and industrious German 
citizens, constituting an element which 
has always been considered one of the most 
valuable in the makeup and development 
of the city. While as a distinct element 
the Germans were not a notable group of 
the population prior to 1848, a few had 
already transplanted their homes and affec- 
tions from the fatherland to this city, and 
one of these was the late William P. Piel, 
who remained for sixty years one of the 
most honored and substantial figures in 
the commercial and civic life of Indianap- 
olis. 

He was born in Prussia in 1823 and was 
eighty years of age at the time of his death 
in February, 1903. In his early life he 
had the environment of the German farm, 
and had only a common school education. 
In order to get the larger outlook and op- 
portunities of the world he came to this 
country in 1843, crossing the ocean on a 
sailing vessel and coming direct from the 
Atlantic seaboard to Indianapolis. Twenty 
years of age at the time, he possessed 
neither the capital nor, the influence that 
made his advent an event of special impor- 



tance in the city. He began industriously 
working at the trade of cooper, and sub- 
sequently opened a shop of his own at Lib- 
erty and North streets. This be conducted 
for a number of years, and from that en- 
gaged in the retail grocery business. 

In a business way the principal associa- 
tions that gather around the name Piel 
are with the starch industry. William F. 
Piel established the first starch factory in 
Indianapolis in 1867. His plant was lo- 
cated at Pogues Run and New York Street. 
The first starch was manufactured in 1868. 
Despite a fire in the fall of that year which 
destroyed the plant, the building was im- 
mediately restored, and was continued in 
operation until 1872. In 1873 a new plant 
was built at White River and Dakota 
streets. From that time forward, under 
the management of William F. Piel, the 
industry continued to grow and prosper. 
In 1890 the Indianapolis plant was consoli- 
dated with others under the corporation 
National Starch Manufacturing Company. 
Mr. Piel continued as superintendent in 
charge of the Indianapolis industry until 
1902, when, already venerable in years, he 
retired from the most active cares of life. 

He possessed and expressed in his daily 
life the best ideals of the business man, a 
sound judgment, industry and indomitable 
will and enterprise. The injunctions and 
advice he gave his sons were all along the 
line of emphasizing business integrity, to 
the point of keeping business engagements 
thoroughly sacred and ordering every ac- 
tion and affair with strict regard to what 
was honorable and just. But his most 
marked characteristic was his domestic na- 
ture and his love of home. With all his 
industry he always kept in mind the wel- 
fare of those near and dear to him. His 
last years were made happy with the knowl- 
edge that his example and teaching bore 
fruit in the happiness and prosperity of his 
children grown up into ideal American cit- 
izens. He was especially fortunate in his 
wife. She was a loyal helper in his early 
struggles to build a home worthy the name, 
and above all was a loving, tender mother, 
ready to sympathize with the little prob- 
lems and troubles that seemed then so big 
to her children, and remained their true 
adviser through their later years. She 
reared her children with the gentleness 
and love of a real mother, and her kindly 
spirit, expressed in so many deeds of love 



1244 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



and affection, is one of the cherished mem- 
ories of her own descendants and also of 
her many close and intimate friends. 

William F. Piel was a member of the 
German Lutheran Church and in politics a 
democrat. lie once served as an alder- 
man, but he accepted the office because he 
deemed it his duty to devote some time to 
municipal matters and not because he was 
enamored of political life. He helped 
found the Orphans Home, of which he was 
for years treasurer and a liberal patron. 

William F. Piel married Eleanor Wisch- 
meyer. She came to America from Ger- 
many when she was a young girl, and her 
father was a pioneer of Indianapolis. With 
all her devotion to her children and home 
she did much for charity, but it was a 
charity exemplified in the true Christian 
spirit, so that her deeds went unheralded 
and with no other thought in her mind 
than that the memory of them would cease 
when the benefaction reached its intended 
object. Of the seven children born to Wil- 
liam F. Piel and wife six grew to maturity, 
William F., Henrj' W., Charles F., Amelia, 
now Mrs. Henry Melcher, Lena, Mrs. 
Charles W. Voth, now deceased, and Mary, 
Mrs. Frank Sudbrock. 

William F. Piel, Jr., oldest of the three 
sons, was bom at Indianapolis December 
25, 1851. He was educated both in public 
and parochial schools and later attended 
the old Northwestern Christian Univer- 
sity, now Butler College. In early youth 
he became associated with his father in 
business, and now for many years has not 
only directed the interests established by 
the elder Piel but has developed many of 
his own initiative. He was president of the 
National Starch Manufacturing Company 
and later of the National Starch Company 
until 1902. He is now president and 
treasurer of the Piel Brothers Starch Com- 
pany, and is a director of the Fletcher 
American National Bank and the Kipp 
Brothers wholesale house of Indianapolis. 

In politics he is a republican, is a Ger- 
man Lutheran and a member of the Col- 
umbian Club. In 1874 he married Eliza- 
beth Meyer. Of their eight children four 
are living. Alfred L. ; Elmer W. ; William 
W. ; and Edna, wife of Alexander Metzger. 

The late Henry W. Piel, second of the 
sons of William F. Piel, Sr.. was bom at 
Indianapolis in December, 1854. Though 
he died in 1904, at the age of fifty, he had 



accomplished those things which constitute 
an honorable and successful career. As a 
boy he attended Lutheran parochial schools 
and a business college in Indianapolis, and 
from early youth throughout his adult life 
was associated in the business founded by 
his father. In fact he inherited to a re- 
markable degree the industry and methodi- 
cal character of the Elder Piel, and was 
able to supply these elements in generous 
measure where they were most needed to 
insure the success of the business. Al- 
together he lived a clean, honorable, up- 
right life and his death at an early age 
was counted a great loss not only to his 
business and family but to the entire city. 
While he was essentially a business man 
he possessed natural aptitude as an artist, 
and many of his offhand drawings are 
still preserved in the family. Henry W. 
Piel married Miss Mary Ostermeyer. He 
left three children: Laura, Mrs. Charles 
Koelling; Gertrude, Mrs. Alva Wysong, 
and she died April, 1918; and Lillie, Mrs. 
George Schwier. 

Charles F. Piel, youngest son of the late 
William F. Piel, was bom at Indianapolis 
March 8, 1856. His education came 
through the German Lutheran schools, pub- 
lic and private schools and the business col- 
lege. Growing up in the industry founded 
by his father, he learned its technical proc- 
esses from every angle and for a number 
of years he has handled business interests 
of large scope and importance. He is 
president of Piel Brothers Manufacturing 
Company, vice president, secretary and su- 
perintendent of Piel Brothers Starch Com- 
pany, treasurer of the Pioneer Brass Works 
and vice president and director of the 
wholesale establishment of Kipp Brothers. 
Politically he is an independent republican. 
In local affairs he has studiously voted for 
men and measures rather than party can- 
didates. In religion he is a Lutheran. 
Charles F. Piel married in 1880 Helena 
Straub. They are the parents of four chil- 
dren: Carl W., Alma, Selma and Her- 
bert. The daughters are twins, Alma be- 
ing now the wife of Walter Sudbrock, 
and Selma is Mrs. Harry Brinkmeyer. 

Francis L. Atwood is a veteran of the 
profession of mechanical engineering and 
has been an engineer and business execu- 
tive with a number of large manufactur- 
ing corporations both east and west. For 




/yuuici^ >^^i2i<^^^=^ 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



1247 



public schools in Canada. He was a mem- 
ber of the Episcopal Church and possessed 
marked literary tastes. He died in his 
ninety-ninth year. The Wynne family in 
fact are particularly long-lived. Mr. Thom- 
as A. Wynne's grandmother lived to be a 
hundred and seven years old, and both his 
father and mother are still living at the age 
of eighty-five. 

Thomas N. Wynne, one of a family of 
seven children, was educated in the public 
schools of Canada, and in early life took 
up the manufacture of furniture. He was 
in that business in Ottawa, also in Vermont, 
and at Port Henry, New York. In 1875 he 
went to Minneapolis, and was in the furni- 
ture and lumber business there for fifteen 
years. Since then he has lived in Essex 
County, New York. lie is a member of the 
Episcopal Church, has been deeply inter- 
ested in community affairs and politics but 
has never sought office. 

Thomas A. Wynne was third in a family 
of seven children. His early education was 
acquired in the common schools of New 
York and Minnesota. When he was twelve 
years old he went to work for the Chicago, 
Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway Company, 
and was with that corporation about four 
years. In the meantime he had become 
keenly interested in the rapid progress of 
adapting electricity to economic and indus- 
trial purposes, and he was one of the first 
men in the Middle West who had some ex- 
pert knowledge of the electrical appliances 
of thirty or thirty-five years apo. He in- 
stalled apparatus for the first electric light- 
ing plant in Minneapolis, and also worked 
for a time in St. Paul. Then in 1887 he 
came to Indianapolis to take a position with 
the Jenny Electric Company, builders of 
deetrieal machinery. Mr. Wynne's part 
was to install the machinery, and during 
1888 he was engaged in in>tallin(r machin- 
ery at the Union Station durinfr the presi- 
dential campaign of rw^n^ral Harrison. 

Later in 1888 he bc<-airH» i«lcntificd with 
the Marmon & IVrrv ('onjr)aiiv when thcv 
started a central station in IrKlianapolis. 
Mr. Wynne was siiperint^'ri'I'-nt of th*- <'/)fn- 
pany and has Uen with that tirro aihi its 
successors continually iiow f'.r tfjirtyorje 
years. He was in th*- «r'ntral station hu-i- 
ness with Marmon 4c P'-rry. th^-n wjt^ tf,cir 
successors, the Iridiar.ap'»!> \/:'j\.t ao'l Pow- 
er Company, and ^*::i la^-r v. .»[. r},.. If,rli 
anapolis Li>?ht & H*at C'ji.iHir,- M,*- prio 



cipals in all these firms being practically 
the same people who were in the buiinen 
at the outset in 1888. Mr. Wynne became 
vice president and treasurer of the Indian- 
apolis Light & Heat Company about ten 
years ago, and itill occupies that position. 

The first central station was established 
in the rear of the old Sentinel Building, 
opposite the present Traction & Terminal 
Building, with a small generator for the 
production of about 25 hocsepower. Today 
the Indianapolis Light & Heat Company 
develop a capacity of 70,0()0 horsepower, 
and this increase in a sense measures the 
remarkable increase of applied electricity 
during the last thirty years. The first 
hiiilding to be lighted from the central sta- 
tion of Indianapolis was the old Park 
Theater, then owned and operated by Dick- 
son & Talbott. Since then the service has 
been extended to almost the entire city 
and county. The equipment in the same 
time has changed so radically that an early 
piece of apparatus would not be recognized 
to day by the modem operators. The 
prime mover has evolved from an old slide 
valve engine to the very latest type of what 
is called turbine generator. The last piece 
of apparatus installed in Indianapolis — 
the largest in Indiana — takes up about the 
same room as that taken by the first piece 
installed in 1888. The distinction is not 
in size but in the difference of work be- 
tween the two pieces, this difference being 
measured by 30,000 horsepower. 

The officers of the Indianapolis Light ft 
Heat Company at the present time are 
Charles C. Perry, president, Thomas A. 
Wynne, vice president and treasurer, and 
Walter C. Marmon, se<Tetarv. 

While this business has been well cal- 
culated to absorb the chief energies and en- 
thusiasm of Mr. Wynne during all these 
years, it is not his only concern and posi- 
tion in Indianapolis life and affairs. He is 
virc firesjdent of the Farmers Trust Com- 
pany, vi<'e president of the Went .Side 
Trnst Company, a director of the State 
Savinirs and Tnist Tompany. and his name 
ii])]t*"firs in connection with a nnrnf^-r of 
oth^T hu*»inf-*»«* entcrfiris/H<. }[#» jn n mt'tn- 
her of all the Mavinic ^mm1i*h,. the IrnprovM 
Or^l'T of \it'<\ .Men. the l#*ri»"Vo|frit i%ut\ Pro 
tcrtjv*' Or'l'T of Klkn and the Knltrh^«i of 
I';, tKi;m. Hi'» UHUif i** on th'- rolln of rfiTn- 
K.-r-L [». f.f ^\\*' ( \\i\'\\^**'T i»f < ft'!.ifi*'rf'f, 
I'#oani of Trade. Tolurnhia ^'Inb, Ameri/'an 



1248 



LXDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Club, Athenaeum, Maennerchor, Independ- 
ent Athletic Club, Indianapolis Athletic 
and Canoe Club, Herron Art Institute, Ro- 
tary Club, Advertisers' Club, and other or- 
ganizations. He is a republican in politics 
and served one term with the City Council. 
He is a member of the Episcopal Church. 

In 1886, at Minneapolis, Mr. Wynne 
married Miss Mary Neil, daughter of Thom- 
as and Mary Neil. Their happy married 
life was terminated by her death in 1891. 
Two sons were Leslie B. and Thomas Neil. 
Leslie, bom June 6, 1888, was educated at 
Cornell University, graduating in 1913. He 
is a mechanical engineer by profession and 
for several years has been connected with 
the General Electric Company and the In- 
dianapolis Light & Heat Company, and 
during 1918 was in the aviation department 
of the Government. Thomas Neil, bom 
June 24, 1890, was educated in the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, graduating in 1913, 
and is also a mechanical engineer in the 
service of the Indianapolis Light & Heat 
Company. 

WauAM T. Young. While his perma- 
nent home has only been in Indianapolis 
since 1910, William T. Young has a fine 
practice as a lawyer and is one of the prom- 
inent and public spirited figures in the life 
of the capital city. He is a man of broad 
experience in the legal profession, which 
he has practiced for a quarter of a century. 

Mr. Young was born at Jackson, Ten- 
nessee, a son of M. C. and P. H. (Stephens) 
Young. He grew up in his native city, and 
in 1889 was graduated from Union Uni- 
versity of Jackson. He then pursued the 
study of law and in 1893 was admitted 

* 

to the bar at Jonesboro, Arkansas. Mr. 
Young before coming to Indianapolis was 
in practice at Pine Hluff. Arkansas, and en- 
joyed a successful business as a lawyer 
there until 1910. During that time he 
served as city attorney of Pine Bluff. 

Mr. Young was one of the organizers 
and was the first president of the Southern 
Club of Indianapolis, which was organized 
in March. 1916. It contains in its mem- 
bership about 100 native sons of the South 
who have found a home in this city. He 
continue<i as president of the club until the 
spring of 1918. 

Mr. Young married Miss Eddine Hud- 
son, of Tennessee. They have two sons. 
Lieutenant William T., Jr., and Collier H. 



Young. William T. Young, Jr., saw active 
military service on the Mexican border as a 
member of the First Indiana Regiment, 
Field Artillery. He is now a lieutenant of 
Company C, One Hundred and Forty-Sev- 
enth Field Artillery, and went with that 
regiment to France in the famous Rainbow 
Division. For some weeks he has been on 
the battle front. 

RussEL M. Seeds, president of the Rus- 
sel M. Seeds Company, general advertising 
agency at Indianapolis, was in early life a 
newspaper man. He was one of the first 
men in Indiana to make a commercial suc- 
cess of a general advertising agency, and 
achieved that in face of considerable diflS- 
culties and obstacles. 

Mr. Seeds was bom at Shadeville, Frank- 
lin County, Ohio, not far from Columbus, 
October 12, 1865, son of Robert and Har- 
riet (White) Seeds. He was left an or- 
phan when a child and grew up in his na- 
tive county and lived there until about the 
age of sixteen. He was educated in the 
public schools of Columbus and took his 
college course at Ann Arbor, in the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, graduating in 1886. 
After a few months' trip abroad he went to 
work as newspaper reporter on the old Col- 
umbus Times. He later bought an interest 
in the Champion City Times at Springfield, 
Ohio. Here he lost all his savings and for 
a few months was again a journeyman 
newspaper reporter on the Kansas City 
Times. 

Mr. Seeds came to Indianapolis in 1889 
and for a time was state editor on the 
Journal and five 3'ears city editor. He 
served as secretary of the Republican State 
Central Committee in 1894. He then es- 
tablished a news correspondence bureau, 
which he continued about three years. Part 
of that time he also served as chief clerk 
in the offiee of secretary of state. These 
relations he finally gave up to become sec- 
retary' of the Monetary Executive Com- 
mittee, an organization for the purpose of 
educating the public on the gold standard 
basis of finance. At the end of this serv- 
ice he became advertising manager of the 
Atlas Engine Works. 

With a varied experience in general pub- 
licity covering nearly twenty years, in 1904 
he established his present business, a gen- 
eral advertising agency. As already noted, 
he was one of the first to make this par- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1249 



ticular line of endeavor a financial suc- 
cess. Mr. Seeds all this time has been iden- 
tified with different public affairs. He is a 
member of the Columbia Club, and a re- 
publican in politics. 

In 1887, at Springfield, Ohio, Mr. Seeds 
married Caroline Douglas. By that union 
he has one daughter, Marjorie, now Mrs. 
Mathews Fletcher. In 1907 Mr. Seeds mar- 
ried Miss Nettie Brinkman, of Indianapo- 
lis. Their two daughters are Marian and 
Virginia. 

Walter Bernard Hayden, manager of 
the Menter Company, Men 's and Women 's 
Clothing, of Indianapolis, is a merchant 
and mercantile manager of long and va- 
ried experience, and is a veteran business 
man though by no means as old in years 
as his record might otherwise indicate. 

He was bom May 9, 1876, at Chicago, 
Illinois, a son of William Pearce and Mary 
(Gaul) Hayden, both of whom are now de- 
ceased. For many years their home was in 
Illinois. The father came from Ireland, 
was a farmer before he went to Illinois, 
was at one time connected with the old Tre- 
mont Hotel in Chicago, and afterwards was 
a sergeant with the South Park police of 
Chicago. Walter H. Hayden is the young- 
est of nine children, three of whom are 
still living. 

He attende<l public school at Enfield, 
Illinois, also the Southern Illinois College 
and the State Normal at Carhondale, Illi- 
nois. He obtained his first experience in 
busiiuNs as clerk in a country store at En- 
field. Seeking broader and larger oppor- 
tunities, he found an opening with the John 
Gately Company, one of the largest con- 
cerns of its kind in Chicago. He was with 
that house for fifteen years and eventually 
was made credit manager of the Chicago 
general office, serving in that position one 
year. 

On April 23, 1910, Mr. Hayden came to 
Indianapolis to manage the Indianapolis 
store of the Gately Company at 42 South 
Penn Street. Later he was transferred to 
the Gately Company's branch at Terre 
Haute, where he remained a year and a 
half. Returning to Indianapolis, he was 
with the People's Credit Clothing Com- 
pany for a year and a half, and then on 
JanuarA- 29, 1913, assumed the position 
of general manager of the The Menter 
Company. 



This business was started by Mr. Men- 
ter and Mr. Rosenbloom about 1889, as a 
partnership, under the name of Menter ft 
Rosenbloom. The cash capital with which 
the business started was $250, and a store 
was operated in the City of Rochester, 
New York, selling men's clothing on credit 
payments. They made little money and 
opened another store and continued ex- 
panding, opening about one store a year 
until the Spanish war broke out in 1898, at 
which time they were obliged to stop their 
expansion. After the close of the war, they 
took in Mr. Michaels as a new partner in 
1899, and with the boom in business sub- 
sequent to the Spanish war they expanded 
very rapidly until in 1904 they operated 
forty-two stores. In that year the company 
was incorporated with a capital paid in of 
$300,000. Their expansion continued after 
that until in 1906 the company was oper- 
ating fifty-seven stores. At that time Mr. 
Michaels sold his interest to Mr. Brickner, 
and the business continued to run along 
under the same management until January, 
1914. In July, 1913, Mr. Rosenbloom died 
and in July, 1914, Mr. Menter died. On 
account of the death of these two men, 
and neither of them leaving any successor 
who could conduct the business, it was re- 
organized in 1914 and the present owners 
and officers took charge of it. Their names 
and the office which they hold are as fol- 
lows: David M. Brickner, president; Sol 
Solomon, vice president. T. J. Swanton, 
vice president; M. (). Brickner, secretary; 
H. P. Swanton, treasurer; and E. M. Wei- 
dert, assistant treasurer, and they also con- 
stitute the Board of Directors. 

Having spent nearly all his life in his 
particular line of busint»s.s, Mr. Hayden 
has a knowledge of it which only one of 
such experience can have. There is prob- 
ably no man in Indiana who has made a 
I (»tter succ(»ss of sellimr clothing on th** in- 
stallment plan than Mr. Hayden. It is 
his knowledge of credits and the liberal pol- 
icy which he has in.stituted which have 
been the foundation of the remarkable 
success of the Menter Company. When he 
became connected with this company's 
store at Indianapolis he found a very small 
enterprise. In four years the business has 
grown in volume of sales over 3(X) per cent. 
The company now occupies the entire sec- 
ond floor of the Vajen Blo<'k at 120 North 
Penn Street. This is one of the oldest build- 



1250 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



ings in the bosinefls district of Indianapolis. 
It is modemly equipped for merchandis- 
ing, giving the costomers the best possible 
service. The liberal terms extended by The 
Menter Company enable its patrons to bny 
clothing for the whole family where it 
would be impossible for many working peo- 
ple to buy otherwise. 

Mr. Hayden is a democrat in politics and 
has been quite active in the affairs of his 
party and his community. He is a mem- 
ber of the Catholic Church. June 12, 1907, 
at Washington, Indiana, he married Miss 
Florence May Mills, daughter of Alonzo 
Mills of Washington. They are the parents 
of two children: Bernard, bom November 
21, 1908, and Aletha Mary, bom September 
11, 1910. 

Joseph Dickinson. The records of en- 
lightened and useful Indiana citizenship 
could hardly present a fairer page than 
that on which is told the career of Joseph 
Dickinson, a prominent business man, 
stanch Quaker, friend of education and of 
freedom. His American life was spent 
chiefly in Wayne County, Indiana. 

He was bom June 6, 1820, at Broughton, 
England, son of Jonathan and Alice H 
Dickinson and of a long line of Quaker 
ancestry. The family moved to Sheffield 
when Joseph was a boy and he there grew 
to man's estate and served an apprentice- 
ship of seven years at the plumbing trade. 
He had but limited opportunities to get 
an education and these opportunities were 
derived chiefly from the Ackworth School, 
which he attended to the age of fourteen. 
After serving his apprenticeship he worked 
at his trade for about two vears. 

In the meantime his father had died, 
leaving the family in straightened circum- 
stances. With a younger brother, George, 
in 1842 he took passage on a cotton freight- 
er l>ound for New Orleans, loaded only with 
ballast. In the Fnited States the boys 
hopt»d to (»sta!)lish homes for their widowed 
mother and the other <*hildren. After six 
weeks they reached New Orleans, and from 
there worked their way by Imats up the 
Mississippi and Oliio rivers to Cincinnati, 
and fro!ii there !>v canal to Milton in 

• 

Wavne Couiitv. Indiana. Thus the entire 
distance from England to this part of ^he 
Central West had he<Mi covered entirely by 
water. rndouht<Hllv the influence which 
attracted them to Wayne County, Indiana, 



was its prominence as one of the largest 
and oldest centers of Quaker settlement in 
the Middle West. 

In Wayne County Joseph Dickinson be- 
gan making wooden pumps. From the 
hewed timber, bored by hand, were pro- 
duced a crude pump of that period. Later 
horse power was used for boring and finally 
lathes were installed. The business grew 
and the Dickinson pumps had a demand 
over a large section of territory. A birth- 
right Quaker and a devout adherent to its 
tenets, Joseph Dickinson was from the first 
prominently identified with his church. 

At Milton, Indiana, October 17, 1844, 
he married Mrs. Esther G. (Hiatt) White, 
a widow with one son, Oliver White. Her 
father, Benajah Hiatt, on account of his 
antipathy to the institution of human slav- 
ery, drove by wagon over the mountains 
from North Carolina to Wayne County, 
Indiana, in 1825. Benajah Hiatt was one 
of the leading men of his community, well 
known for his upright life and his influence 
for good. 

In 1849 Joseph Dickinson removed to 
Richmond, Indiana, which city remained 
his home the rest of his days. He contin- 
ued manufacturing pumps, and inciden- 
tally as Richmond grew to a city he found 
opportunity to engage again in the plumb- 
ing business. In 1869 he established a busi- 
ness which is now rounding out a half 
century of successful existence, in iJie 
handling of farm mortgages and loans. 
This is one of the largest, most reliable and 
best known of the various concerns of its 
kind in Indiana. 

In all respects Joseph Dickinson was an 
ideal citizen. In the language of one who 
knew him intimately he was a ''stanch, 
sturdy Englishman, thoroughly American- 
ized.'' He was a devout churchman and 
for more than thirty years he was pur- 
chasing and distributing agent of the Cen- 
tral Book & Tract Committee. As an offi- 
cial of the Indiana Yearly Meeting of the 
Society of Friends he helped establish and 
maintain South Land College at Helena, 
Arkansas, for the benefit of colored people. 
Prior to the Ciyil war he beeame prominent 
in the operation of the underground rail- 
way, and later was actiye in the Preed- 
man's Bureau. He was one of the original 
members and orpranizers of the Friends 
Board inur School at Riehmond, which was 
an important nucleus of the present Earl- 




<^i^.*-v- ^X» . /^*— *-*•-«/' 



.) 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1253 



tions as a practical railroad man, and for 
over thirty years he has been connected 
with some branch of the great Pennsyl- 
vania system. He is now superintendent o^ 
motive power for the Pennsylvania lines. 

Mr. Mechling was born in Butler Coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, November 29, 1863, and 
represents old Colonial and Revolutionary 
stock of Pennsylvania. His first American 
ancestor came from Rotterdam, Holland, 
in 1828, and landed at Philadelphia in 
September of the same year. Jacob Mech- 
ling is a great-great-grandson of Jacob 
Mechling, who was born in 1746 and died 
November 1, 1824. His wife, Catherine 
Mechling, was bom in 1748 and died in 
August, 1832. He saw service in the Rev- 
olutionary' war as a soldier in Washington's 
army. The great-grandfather was Jacob 
Mechling, who was bom December 8, 1770, 
and died January 10, 1860. He married 
Mary Magdaline Drum, who was bom 
March 20, 1777, and died May 14, 1852. 

The grandfather was another Jacob 
Mechling, born October 20, 1795, and died 
March 8, 1873. He married Jane Sander- 
son Thompson, who was bom September 
22, 1796, and died May 14, 1872. 

The father of Mr. Mechling was Joseph 
BuflBngton Mechling, who was bom Feb- 
raary 28, 1838, and died May 4, 1910. He 
was a man of considerable prominence in 
Western Pennsylvania, had a liberal educa- 
tion, for several years was a teacher and 
for two years was principal of the high 
school at Butler. He was also a lawyer and 
a farmer, and shared in the confidence 
and respect of all who knew him in a 
business or social way. He married Mar- 
garet A. McQuistion, who was born October 
29, 1839, and is still living. Her grand- 
father, John McQuistion, came from Ire- 
land in 1794 and located in Westmoreland 
County and later in Butler County, Penn- 
sylvania. 

Jacob Edgar Mechling is the oldest in a 
family of nine children, eight of whom are 
still living. As a boy he attended the 
grammar and high schools of his native 
town and in 1880 went to work as a ma- 
chinist's apprentice with the H. A. Porter 
Locomotive Works at Pittsburg. In 
April, 1882, he first entered the service of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad at Pittsburg 
as a special apprentice. The following 
year, however, he entered the employ of the 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway, 



and was with them until May, 1886. Since 
then his work has been continuous with 
some branch of the Pennsylvania system. 
After three months he was promoted to 
gang foreman of the erecting shop at Pitts- 
burg, later became assistant foreman in the 
shop where he was first employed and still 
later was foreman of the new engine house 
at Wall, Pennsylvania, where he remained 
until May, 1902. At that date he became 
assistant master mechanic of the Pittsburg 
division, with headquarters at Pittsburg, 
but two years later was sent West and 
made master mechanic of the Vandalia line, 
with headquarters at Terre Haute. Mr. 
Mechling continued a resident of Terre 
Haute for fifteen years. On July 1, 1918, 
he was given his present duties as superin- 
tendent of motive power of the western 
lines of the Pennsylvania and now has his 
headquarters in the Majestic Building at 
Indianapolis. 

Mr. Mechling still retains his member- 
ship in Lodge No. 45 of the Masonic order 
of Pittsburg, is also a Knight Templar 
and in January, 1919, was installed as 
commander of the Commandery at Terre 
Haute. He is also a thirty-second degree 
Scottish Rite Indiana Consistory Mason 
and Shriner, is an Elk and is a vestryman 
in St. Stephen's Episcopal Church at Terre 
Haute. In politics he is a republican. Mr. 
Mechling married at Pittsburg in May, 
1886, Miss Ida May Bailey. They are the 
parents of one son and three daughters, 
Edgar B., Lillian M., Margaret E. and 
Lois R. 

Robert P. Zorn represents a family that 
has been identified with Michigan City for 
over forty-five years. Mr. Zorn is vice 
president of the Michigan City Trust & 
Savings Bank, and at different times has 
found opportunity willingly and gladly to 
assist in many forward movements and un- 
dertakings in his home community. 

He was bom at Blue Island in Cook 
County, Illinois. For many generations 
his forefathers lived at Wuerzburg, Ger- 
many. His great-grandfather, Adam Zorn, 
was a farmer in that community and spent 
all his life there. Philip Zorn, Sr., the 
grandfather, was a brewer, a business he 
followed in Germany until his death in 
1849, at the age of forty-one. His widow, 
Margaret, survived him until 1879, pass- 
ing away at the age of sixty-eight. 



1254 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



The late Philip Zom, who founded the 
family at Michigan City, was bom in the 
City of Wuerzburg, Germany, February 
21, 1837, being one of ten children. He 
attended public schools and later the Agri- 
cultural College of Nuremburg, Germany, 
and in 1854, at the age of sixteen, came to 
America. After one year in New York 
City he went west to Blue Island, Illi- 
nois, and managed a brewery in that Chi- 
cago suburb until 1871. He then estab- 
lished a brewery at Michigan City and 
gradually built up a large institution, and 
after taking in his two sons, Charles and 
Robert, in the business with him organized 
the Zom Brewing Company, of which he 
was president at the time of his death. He 
was also a man of various interests, having 
been one of the promoters and organizers 
of the Merchants Mutual Telephone Com- 
pany and was a member and served at one 
time as president of the Indiana Brewers 
Association. He was also the first vice 
president of the Citizens Bank of Michigan 
City. He was a democrat, served a terra as 
councilman in Michigan City, and also held 
local offices at Blue Island, but on the 
whole was too busy to care for the honors 
and responsibilities of politics. He and his 
wife were members of the Lutheran 
Church. Philip Zom married in October, 
1856, Miss Sophia Miller, daughter of 
Christian Miller. They were the parents 
of seven children : Charles, long associated 
with his father in business; Amelia; So- 
phia; Leonard, who died at the age of two 
years; Robert; Herman, who died at the 
age of sixteen ; and I^ouisa. The mother 
of these children died in 1897, aged fifty- 
eight. 

Robert P. Zorn grew up in Michigan 
City, attending the public schools, and then 
entered his father's brewer>' and had a 
lanre share in its management and opera- 
tion. Since his father's death the busi- 
ness has been sold and Mr. Zorn now gives 
his time to his private interests. He mar- 
ried Miss Flora Kneller. a native of Mich- 
igan City and a daughter of I/ewis and 
Marv Kneller. Mr. and Mrs. Zorn have 
three children. Marie. Philip and Lewis. 
They are members of St. John's Lutheran 
Church and Mr. Zorn is affiliated with 
Miohipin City Lo<ij?e No. 432. Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks, and Mich- 
igan City Aerie No. 1228, Fraternal Order 
of Kagles. 



Geobgb Irvinq Christob was the man 
largely responsible for changing the atti- 
tude of the agricultural department of 
Purdue University from a passive to an 
active one. In other words, he was founder 
of the agricultural extension department 
and has been its superintendent since this 
department was organized. However great 
and valuable an institution may be, its 
benefits are limited as long as it remains 
stationary, pursuing merely a policy of 
waiting for students to come to it. Pro- 
fessor Christie has carried the college 
courses, material and instruction to the 
most remote corners of the state. Thou- 
sands of worthy Indiana farmers have nev- 
er seen the inside walls of any technical 
institution, and because of natural inertia 
and other laws and conditions governing 
human beings in general a large proportion 
of them never would avail themselves of 
such opportunities as are extended by Pur- 
due University. But when Purdue Uni- 
versity is put on wheels and carried into 
the individual agricultural districts, it has 
been proved every year since Professor 
Christie began running his educational 
trains through Indiana that even the most 
backward and unprogressive rural districts 
turn out large numbers to see, be enter- 
tained and, incidentally, be instructed and 
get vital inspiration for better work ever 
afterward. 

' &Ir. Christie is a Canadian by birth, 
born at Winchester, Ontario, June 22, 
1881, a son of David and Mary Ann 
(House) Christie. He acquired a good 
training in the schools of his native place, 
and represented the progressive farming 
element of the province. In 1898 he en- 
tered Ontario Agricultural College at 
Guelph. from which he was graduated in 
June, 1902, with the degree Bachelor of 
Scientific Agriculture. While in college he 
displayed his rapidly maturing abilities 
and gained no little prominence as a judge 
in agricultural contests at Ottawa, Canada, 
and also in the International Livestock Ex- 
position at Chicago. It was his work at the 
International which attracted to him the 
attention of the Iowa State College at 
Ames. That institution succeeded in get- 
ting the brilliant young Canadian as assist- 
ant in agronomy, a department in which 
he served from 1903 to 1905. In 1903 he 
was honored by Iowa State College with 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



1255 



the degree Bachelor of Scientific Agricul- 
tnre. 

On July 1, 1905, Mr. Christie came to 
Purdue University as assistant in soils and 
crops, and in the following year he 
founded and was put in charge of the ag- 
ricultural extension work, which under his 
energetic direction has become perhaps the 
most valuable department of the Univer- 
sity. The department grew rapidly in 
scope and volume of its work and at the 
present time its staff consists of more than 
two hundred and fifty trained men and 
women, experts in the various lines of sci- 
entific agriculture and home economics who 
reach more than one million people on the 
farms annually. 

In 1905 he sent out his first special edu- 
cational train, and since then has utilized 
twelve lines of railway in reaching directly 
all the farmers of the state. Prom these 
trains have been distributed thousands of 
copies of station bulletins, while the direct 
contract between University men and the 
practical stay-at-home farmers has resulted 
in untold benefits and has scattered the 
seed of knowledge and encouragement 
broadcast all over the state. The establish- 
ment of hundreds of corn clubs and other 
rural life organizations is directly trace- 
able to the forces set in motion by Mr. 
Christie's Extension Department. 

When war was declared by the United 
States in April, 1917, Indiana's war gov- 
«*rnor, James P. Goodrich, recognizing the 
Kxtonsion Department as a great factor in 
food production, appointed its superintend- 
ent state food director. Mr. Christie's ef- 
forts in this capacity resulted in Indiana 
increasing her corn acreage 10 per cent; 
the wheat acreage 25 per cent ; doubling 
the number of back yard gardens; pork 
production was greatly increased and in a 
drive for 10.000 silos in 1918, Indiana went 
*'over the top/' Not a request came from 
Washington for the increased production 
of for>d that was not more than met. These 
results in Indiana attracted Secretarv 

• 

Houston's attention, and wheu he decided 
to place a man in charpre of the farm labor 
work, one c»f the most difficnilt problems 
confronting the nation. Im» sel«Mte<l Mr. 
Cliristie. He also liatl <harjre <»f the work 
of distributinj? funds f>rovide<l }»y the 
President for fanners in drouth strir'ken 
areas of Montana, North Dakota and Wash- 
ington, That he was equal to this task ha« 



been demonstrated by the fact that Presi- 
dent Wilson placed upon him still larger 
responsibilities by appointing him assistant 
secretary October 1, 1918. 

In this capacity he is playing an impor- 
tant part in the nation 's reconstruction ac- 
tivities. To him was assigned the task of 
preparing the food production program 
of the United States for 1919. This pro- 
gram has recently been published and is 
considered one of the most complete and 
helpful ever given to American farmers. 
At the request of Secretar>' of Agriculture 
Houston, Mr. Christie has undertaken the 
re-organization of the office of farm man- 
agement of the Department of Agriculture, 
with the assistance of leading agricultural 
economists and farm management men of 
a number of state colleges. A prog^ram 
of work has been outlined, projects agreed 
upon and the work established. Assist- 
ance has also been given to the States Re- 
lations Service in the better organization of 
the extension forces of the country. 

Mr. Christie has 8er>'ed as secretary of 
the Indiana Corn Growers' Association 
since 1906; secretary of Indiana Commis- 
sion for the National Oom Exposition; 
advisor}- member of the Indiana Vocational 
Education Commission, 1911-1912; direc- 
tor of the National Com Association ; su- 
perintendent of Indiana Agricultural Ex- 
hibit, Panama Pacific Exposition; chair- 
man of the Agricultural Committee Indi- 
ana Centennial Celebration, 1916; member 
of the National Country Life Association; 
mein!)er of the National War Labor Poli- 
cies Board ; director of Purdue University 
Summer School for Teachers, 1912-1917; 
and is an associate member of the Cosmos 
Club, Washington, D. C. and member of 
Rotary Club, Lafayette, Indiana. 

He is the author of the following publi- 
cations: V. S. Department of Agriculture 
Hulletin 255, ** Educational Contests in Ag- 
riculture and Home Ec(momics;*' Agri- 
cultural Extension Bulletin No. 15, **An 
.\ct Proviflinj? for Airricultunil Exteiision 
in Indiana:'* pamphlet, ** Education for 
Countrv Life:'* pamphlet. *'The New Ag- 
riculture;'* pamphlet. ** Agricultural Ex- 
tension Work:'' booklet, *'ln<liana Agri- 
culture.'* for Indiana F3\liibit. Panama 
Pacific Exposition: I'nited States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture publication, ** Sup- 
plying the Farm Labor Need:** United 
States Department of Agriculture publica- 



1256 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



tion, **Farm Labor.** He is joint author 
of Purdue University, Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station Circular No. 18, "Com 
Shows and Selecting, Preparing and Scor- 
ing Exhibits;" Agricultural Extension 
Leaflet No. 23, ''Examine the Condition 
of your Seed Com.** 

June 27, 1906, Mr. Christie married 
Ethel Maria Carpenter, of Des Moines, 
Iowa, daughter of Truman and Ermina 
(Moore) Carpenter. They have one daugh- 
ter, Ermina Margaret Christie, bom Au- 
gust 10, 1908. 

Martha V. Thomas, M. D. Among In- 
diana women who have gained distinction 
in the professional field, a long and active 
sen'^ice as a physician is placed to the cred- 
it of Dr. Martha V. Thomas at South Bend. 
She has spent most of her life in Indiana, 
but was bom at Granville, Morrow County, 
Ohio. 

Her family contained numerous men and 
women of the highest worth and character. 
Her grandfather, Rev. John Thomas, a 
native of Wales, came to America in early 
manhood, locating at Granville, Ohio, and 
for many years was pastor of the Baptist 
Church in that community, living there 
until his death. His wife, Leaima Davis, 
also of Wales, came to America with her 
parents who settled in Indiana County, 
Pennsylvania. 

Rev. Zachariah Thomas, father of Doc- 
tor Thomas, was also bom at Granville, 
where he received his early education. He 
graduated in theolog>' from Dennison Col- 
lege, Granville, Ohio, and not long after- 
wards succeeded his father as pastor of the 
Baptist Church at Chester\nlle. In 1865 he 
removed to Albion, Indiana, where he was 
busied with his congenial and fruitful 
lalK)rs as pastor of the Baptist Church until 
his death at the age of sixty-eight. 

Doctor Thomas* maternal ancestry goes 
back to William and Charity (Dye) Bruce, 
natives of Scotland who became colonial 
settlers in Prince William County, Vir- 
ginia, where their son Joel was bom and 
spent his life as a slaveowning planter. 
Joel, the great-grandfather of Doctor 
Thomas, was a Revolutionary' soldier. His 
wife was Nancy Dowling. Elijah Bruce, 
their son. had a similar position as a Vir- 
ginia gentleman and planter. He married 
Melinda Browning, a native of Rappahan- 
no<'k County. Her father, John Browning, 



a native of the same locality, served on the 
sfaflf of General Washington, afterwards 
was a planter, and married Elizabeth 
Strother. 

The mother of Doctor Thomas was Eliz- 
abeth Bruce, a daughter of Elijah and Me- 
linda (Browning) Bruce. She survived 
her husband and spent her last years at 
South Bend, where she died at the age of 
eighty-one. Her six children were named 
Melinda, Jennie, Bruce, Mary, Lucy and 
Martha V. 

Doctor Thomas received her early educa- 
tion in the schools of Albion and also grad- 
uated from Shephardson College for 
Women. For several years she gave most 
of her time to the care of her invalid 
father. Her preliminary medical studies 
were pursued for one year under the direc- 
tion of Doctor ReiflF of Albion. She then 
entered Hahnemann Medical College, from 
which she graduated in 1896. The same 
year she began practice at South Bend, 
and for many years has shared in the best 
honors paid the medical fraternity. She is 
a member of the Indiana State Institute 
of Homeopathy, Illinois State Homeopathic 
Association, and American Institute of 
Homeopathy. She is a member of the Bap- 
tist Church. 

George Wyman. The character of tre- 
mendous enterprise and wholesouled gen- 
erosity and public spirit which has dis- 
tinguished so many successful Americans 
was thoroughly shared by the late George 
Wyman of South Bend. He was for fifty 
years a merchant building up and direct- 
ing a magnificent place of trade. That was 
his life work, yet with equal seriousness 
he gave his time and means, especially 
in later years, to many noble charities that 
are destined to stand as permanent memor- 
ials to the name. 

Of New England and Yank^ ancestry, 
he was born at Painesville, Ohio, January 
27, 1839, son of Guy and Rebecca (King) 
Wvman. the former a native of Vermont 
and the latter of Connecticut. On leaving 
public school at the age of fourteen George 
Wyman spent one year as clerk for a 
Painesville merchant, and made such good 
progress that he was then assigned to the 
responsibilities of managing a small store 
in the same section of Ohio. By the time 
he was twenty-one years old he had ac- 
quired a thoroughly practical knowledge of 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1257 



merchandising, and had also supplemented 
his early education by a course in a Mil- 
waukee business college. 

On leaving Painesville he came to South 
Bend in 1860. In August of that year he 
opened a small but well selected stock of 
dry goods on North Michigan Street. In 
January, 1865, he formed the firm of 
George Wyman & Company. For eighteen 
years he and Capt. G. E. Rose were busi- 
ness partners and associates. In the mean- 
time the business had grown, necessitating 
two changes of locations, and after 1883 
several building additions were made to 
furnish space for the expanding activities 
of the firm, so that Mr. Wyman came into 
the present century at the head of one of 
the largest merchandise stores in Northern 
Indiana. 

Mr. Wyman hardly relaxed any of the 
vigilance and energy that had made him 
supreme in mercantile affairs until his 
death, which occurred in 1913. At that 
time he was mourned not merely as a 
business man, but as one of the citizens 
who had been constructive in South Hend's 
progress toward the realization of the 
broader and better ideals of community 
life. The one institution that more than 
any other stands as a moiuuiicnt to his 
generosity is the Young W^omcn's Christian 
Association Huilding, which he and his 
wife built and equipped in 1906. In the 
days of his prosperity he did not forget 
his native town, and presented the Paines- 
ville Young Men's Christian A.sso<Mation 
with a well equipped gymnasium. The last 
months of his life he was planning and 
working out the details of a plan whereby 
he intended to effect the distribution of 
a sum approximating }l<ir)(),000 among his 
faithful employes, friends an<l cliaritable 
institutions. Mrs. Wyman had shared his 
confidence in tli(»se plans, and when death 
laid its hand upon him slu* jrave practical 
effect to his wishes. As a result, besides a 
number of individuals, several South Hend 
institutions found their possibilities for 
ust»fulness greatly extended thrnn^li the be- 
quests of y\r. Wyman. iinludiiu? tlie Kp- 
worth Hospital, the St. doseph Hospital, 
the Ori)hans Home and the rnite<l Chari- 
ties. 

Mr. Wyman 's first wife was Lizzie Rose, 
who died in ISSO. Tht» wife of liis second 
marriage, wlio survives her honored hus- 
band aiul ('ontinncs lii> intliKMice. was be- 



fore her marriage, Clara Lovett. She was 
l)orn at Charlottesville, New York, daugh- 
ter of Rev. Noble and Marion (Peck) Lev- 
ett. Her father was for many years a 
faithful laborer in the New York Confer- 
ence of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

John A. Swyo.vrt. The Swygart fam- 
ily had been a prominent one in South 
Hend for over sixty years. W^hile the ca- 
reer of John A. Swygart is and has been 
connected with the city in many important 
ways, including his present official service 
as city comptroller, the record of which 
he is most proud was his long and efficient 
employment in the varioiLs operating 
branches of railroading. He was in his 
time connected with several of the larger 
railroad systems of the Middle West and 
South, and on returning to South Bend 
to make it his permanent home resigned his 
position as general superintendent of a 
road in I^ouisiana. 

Mr. Swygart was bom on Euclid Aven- 
ue in Cleveland, Ohio, February 2:i, 1855. 
His great-grandfather was a Virginia plant- 
er and slave owner, but later moved from 
Virginia to Pennsylvania and bought a 
home near Reading, where he spent his last 
years. Mr. Swygart 's grandfather was 
Benjamin Swygart, probably a native of 
Virginia. One of his .seven sons was the 
late (fcorge W. Swygart, who was the 
founder of the family at South Bend. 

(leorge W. Swygart was born near Read- 
ing, Pennsylvania, and as a boy served a 
seven years apprenticeship at the trade of 
stone, brick and plaster mason. He then 
worked as a journeyman and in 1848 re- 
moved to Cleveland, Ohio, where he en- 
gaged in business as a contractor and build- 
er. In isf)? he made a prospecting visit to 
Illinois, and whilt* in Chicago was awarded 
a contract to erect a building. The owner 
aske<l him to take as part of his payment 
five arrcs of land now included in the **loop 
district." (Jeorire W. Swygart. though in 
later years reganled as one of the most 
compct«»nt judjres of real estate, preferred 
the money in hand to the doubtful value of 
('hi«*ai?o real estate. He did not remain 
lonjr in Chicago, and on again coming west 
in lsr)S settled at South Bend. Here he 
en^niged in a successful business as a con- 
trartor and builder, and put up many of 
the structures still standing in the city. He 
had an abiding faith in the future of South 



1258 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Bend, and practiced his faith by liberal in- 
vestment in local real estate. He bought 
sixty acres of land south of Sample Street, 
later owned by the Studebaker Manufactur- 
ing Company. On West Wbshington Street 
he erected what was at that time regarded 
as the finest private residence in the city. 
He also bought and improved the site now 
occupied by the Oliver Hotel, and at his 
death he left a large estate, represented by 
many holdings in and around the city. He 
died at South Bend at the age of seventy- 
nine. He was a republican, and an active 
Presbyterian and erected one of the early 
Presbyterian Churches in South Bend. 
George W. Swygart married Carolina M. 
Moyer, who was born and reared in Penn- 
sylvania and died at the age of seventy- 
four. Her father. John Moyer, was a na- 
tive of Berlin, Germany. Her grandfather 
served for some years as an officer in the 
German army. He was a man of liberal 
mind and temper, and after leaving the 
army he had some differences with his asso- 
ciates over political affairs and he sought 
a home in free America, locating near 
Reading, Pennsylvania. Ilis liberal means 
were invested in business there and he was 
a pioneer in the iron industry of Pennsyl- 
vania. His son, John Moyer, continued 
this business after his father's death, but 
finally moved to Lee County, Illinois, and 
bought a large tract of land near Dixon, 
where he grave his time to the breeding 
and raising of fine horses and cattle. He 
dieil there at the age of eighty-six. Mr. and 
Mrs. George W. Swygart had eight chil- 
dren, named William, Clementina, John A., 
George, Ella, Edward, Lillie and Eva. 

John A. Swygart was about two years 
old when his parents came to South Bend. 
He had onlv a common school education 
and when about fourteen entered railroad- 
ing, having served a six months' appren- 
ti<*eship at telegraphy in the offices of the 
Lake Shore Company. After a brief ox- 
l>erienf<* as an oi>erator he became a brake- 
man and then condurtor on the Wabash. 
Leaving the Middle West, Mr. Swygart 
went to Texas an<l joined the International 
and (treat Northern Railway, at first as 
a yard engineer, thm in the machine shops 
as shop foreman, as traveling road en- 
gineer and finally was put in charge of all ^ 
the trains and engine men during the con- 
struftion of a branch r»f the road to Aus- 
tin. Texas. 



On leaving the International and Great 
Northern Mr. Swygart gratified his desire 
to see more of the world. He visited Vera 
Cruz and Mexico City, Bluefields in Cen- 
tral America, and also sailed over the 
waters of the Gulf to Havana and various 
points in the West Indies. After seven 
months of travel and recreation he re- 
turned north and became an engineer with 
the Wabash Railroad Company. This was 
the beginning of eighteen years of con- 
tinuous service with the Wabash, and for 
twelve years he was engineer on the Royal 
Blue Limited out of St. Louis. Later he 
became road foreman in charge of the en- 
gineers and firemen, for three years was 
trainmaster, and in 1898 he became super- 
intendent of the Iron Mountain and 
Southern Railway. In 1902 he resigned to 
accept the position of vice president and 
general manager of the Louisiana Rail- 
way and Navigation Company, with head- 
(luarters at Shreveport, Louisiana. 

Mr. Swygart finally gave up railroad- 
ing, a work in which his talents had such a 
congenial sphere, in order to return to 
South Bend and perform his duties as exe- 
cutor of his father's estate. Railroading 
still exercised a strong fascination over 
him, and in 1909 he became superintend- 
ent of the Minneapolis and St. Louis Rail- 
way, with headquarters at Watertown, 
South Dakota, but after a year returned 
to South Bend and has since devoted his 
time to his private affairs. He was ap- 
pointed city comptroller in 1918. 

In 1887 Mr. Swygart married Miss 
Martha J. Hollyman, who was bom at 
Hannibal, Missouri, daughter of John and 
Emma (Bird) Hollyman, natives of Ken- 
tucky. Mr. and Mrs. Swygart have one 
daughter, named Mildred. The family are 
members of the Presbyterian Church. He 
is affiliated with South Bend Lodge No. 
294, Free and Accepted Masons, the Coun- 
cil No. 82, Royal and Select Masters, Chap- 
ter No. 29, Royal Arch Masons, Command- 
er>' No. 13, Knights Templars, and he is 
also a member of the social organization 
known as the Knife and Fork Club. 

Edwin E. Thomps^^n. When in 1918 
the democratic party of Marion County 
chose as their nominee for the office of re- 
corder Edwin E. Thompson there were a 
numl)er of qualifications coiLspicuous in 
the choice aside from those of ordinary po- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1259 



litical value. For one thing Mr. Thomp- 
son is a thoroughly trained lawyer, bat 
even more important, as relates to the 
office for which he became a candidate, 
is a real estate man of wide and thorough 
experience and his knowledge of land and 
property values in Marion CiJunty would 
of Itself prove his fitness for these official 
responsibilities. 

Mr. Thompson is a man of interesting 
experience and attainments. Ue was born 
February 22, 1878, in Smith's Valley in 
Johnson County, Indiana. Uis paternal 
grandfather, a native of Virginia, came 
west about 1820 and was a pioneer in Mor- 
gan County, Indiana, where he cleared up 
land and followed the vocation of farm- 
ing during his active life, and when the 
work of the week was done he spent most 
of his Sundays and other days besides in 
spreading the Oospel as a local preacher 
of the Methodist faith. He died about the 
time of the Civil war. 

Among his six children was James M. 
Thompson, who was born in 1847 at Cope 
in Morgan County. His early education 
was obtained in schools that bore little re- 
semblance to the modern public schools of 
Indiana. Only a mouth or two every win- 
ter he attended a session of school held in 
a log cabin, with wooilen slab benches for 
seats, and with all the simple parapher- 
nalia and eijuipineiit of such schools. He 
became a farmer, was a hard worker in 
that occupation, and about 1885 engaged 
in the jjencral store business, which he con- 
timird until 11>0S, when failing health com- 
I»ellcd him to desist. He was a lifelong 
(IciiKH'rat. and held the offices of justice of 
the peace and other minor township offices. 
He was also a devout mcml>er of the Metho- 
dist Church. When about twenty-five 
years of ajre he moved from Morgan Coun- 
ty to Johnson ('(junty, livin^f in Smith's 
\'hI1iv until \>U], and then moveil to 
^JleuiTs \'allev in Marion Countv, where 
he had his home until his death Fe})ruary 
!♦». llMi. James M. Thompson marrieil 
Loviiia Tet't. wJm. with her thre«* ehiliiren, 
is still liviiiL'. The oldest ehild. Kmma 
I.t'e. is tli»' wife of llarrv K. FeiidlfV of 
IrHliana|»<»lis. Mr< Feihllev was Uirn Sep- 
?«iiiIh r ir». 1 **7.'». The seeon«l «hild is Kd- 
win Klln-rt. antl the vounirest is Knrl Henrv 
Thoni jisnu 

Kdwiii K. Thompson was edu<'ated in 
tli»' rumiiinn s.'htMils of .[ohns4)n and Mar- 



ion counties, graduating from the Glenn's 
Valley common schools in 1893, from the 
Southport High School in 1896, and re> 
ceived his A. B. degree from Butler Col- 
lege with the class of 1900. He then en- 
tered the University of Chicago, where 
after nine months of residence he was given 
the degree of Ph. B. in 1901, and continu- 
ing post-graduate work received the de- 
gree Master of Philosophy in 1902. Be- 
sides these evidences of a liberal educa- 
tion Mr. Thompson graduated in law with 
the degree LL. B. from the Indianapolis 
College of Law in 1907. 

In the meantime he was a successful 
teacher and instructor of science in high 
schools five years. He entered the real 
estate business and studied law while in 
that line, and since his admission to prac- 
tice has combined those two vocations very 
successfully. As a lawyer he has been 
employed in a number of important civil 
eases. One that attracted much attention 
was the matter of the heirs of the Ix)vina 
Streight estate, for whom he acted as at- 
torney. Lovina Streight was the widow 
of Col. A. D. Streight. Mr. Thompson 
was appointed by the court to sell the 
Streight homestead on East Washington 
Street. 

Mr. Thompson since early manhood has 
been interested in democratic successes, 
and he was one of the local democrats of 
Indiana|>olis who brought about the pur- 
chase of the Indiana Democratic Club 
liome. He was on the board of directors 
of this club for several years. He is also 
a member of the Indianapolis Chamber of 
Comnieree, the Iloosier Slotor Club, is a 
Masf»n. and is a member and past master 
of Sonthport l/0<lge \o. 270, Ancient Free 
and Acee{)tod Masons, and is affiliated with 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
at Smith's Valley. As a real estate man 
Mr. Thompson j)latted and sold the I^one- 
arrv Addition to Indianajnilis, other ad- 
j(»ininfr traets. and in that part of the city 
h«* has })nilt and sold sixtv homes. 

» 

June 'J.'). 191:^, at Sprin^r (Jreen. Wis- 
ronsirj. Mr. Thompson marrie<l Miss Kthel 
Jane Ilickcox. ^!rs. Thomj^son is herself 
a thnr(m^»'hly eapahle Inisiness woman. Her 
mother. Mary I*arr IIi<kr'ox, tra<'(*<l her 
ile'*<'ent hiU'k to the same family which pro- 
du<»'d the famous Ann Parr, one of the 
wivt-y of KinL' Henry \'III. of F^n^rland. 
Mrs. Tliompson was etlucated in tlie public 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1261 



Qrecncastle, and in 1898 the same institu- 
tion awarded him the degree Master of 
Arts. For three years he was instruetor 
in (ierman at DePauw rniveraity. His 
longest work as an educator was done at 
Nappanee, where for ten years he was 
superintendent of schools. Kven while 
there he pave much of his time to the 
stu<ly of medicine and then entere<l the 
medical department of the Tniversity of 
Illinois, where he completed two years of 
his medical course, followed by one term 
at Rush Medical College, Chicago, and in 
1906 took the <legrce of M. I), from Illinois 
Medical College. Chicago, Illinois. The 
following year he spent in practice at 
Nappanee. but in 1907 move<l to South 
Bend, where he has enjoyed a large clien- 
tage, lie is a member of the St. Joseph 
County, the Tri-State and the Indiana 
State Medical societies and the American 
Medical Association. Doctor Baer has cul- 
tivated fraternal connections and is a 
member of Lodge No. 294, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, Crusade Ix>dge No. 14, 
Knights of Pythias, Putnam l^dge No. 
445, Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
at Oreeneastle, Indiana, and is also a mem- 
ber of the Woodmen of the World and the 
Modern Woodmen of America. 

In 1883 Doctor Baer married Naomi 
Gulp. She was born in Harrison Town- 
ship of Elkhart County, daughter of John 
and Sarah (Wisler) Culp, natives of Ohio 
and among the early settlers of Elkhart 
County. Doctor and Mrs. Baer have two 
daughters, Grace and Hilda. The former 
was married to F. A. Boulton, who is a 
graduate of Wabash College, Crawfords- 
viUe IndiHUM. He is now associated with 
the Timpkin Detroit Axle Company. The 
latter was married to Henry .Maust, of 
Nappanee, Indiana. Mr. Maust is a suc- 
cessful commercial artist. He is chief ar- 
tist with the Crafton Studio, Chicago, 
Illinois. 

Clemknt S.nkhjor is one of the most 
active young business men of South Bend, 
a lumber merchant, has built up a large 
organization for supplying the demands 
of his trade, and has also identified him- 
self with many of the movcriiciitH and 
undertakings intimate to the city's prog- 
ress and welfare. 

Mr. Srnogor has spent most of hi** life in 

South Bend but was born in Polainl. His 
Vol. ni-4 



father, Anthony Smogor, after attending 
the schools of Poland served an apprentice- 
ship to the blacksmith's trade and in 1881 
came to America in search of better op- 
portunities for himself and family. For 
ten months he worke<l at farm lalM>r near 
Ctrand Kapids, Michigan, and then came 
to South Bend where his wife and children 
joined him. For a number of years he 
was emploved as a machinist bv the Millen 
Portland Cement Company, later for a 
time was in the construction department 
of the Northern Indiana Interurban Kail- 
way, and eventually engaged in the retail 
r*oHl bu*^in(»ss. which he continued until his 
death when about seventy years of age. 
He married Mary Myszka, a native of 
l^oland and now living at S(mth Bend. Her 
father, Michael Myszka, spent his last yearn 
in South Bend. Anthony Smogor and wife 
had six children : Casimier T., Frank A., 
Clement S., Vincent, John and Pearl. The 
la.st named is the wife of Dr. Peter Makiel- 
ski 

(^lement Smogor attended the parochial 
whools of S<mth Bend, spent three years in 
the preparatory course at Notre Dame Cni- 
versity and later had a commercial and 
business course. For a time he was a 
teacher in the parochial schools, but en- 
tered the lumber business as an employe 
of Dresden & Stanfield. In 1910 he suc- 
cee<led to this business, and has since had 
the satisfaction of seeing it grow and pros- 
per as one of the leading concerns of its 
kind at South Bend. 

Mr. Smogor is a republican in polities 
and has served as a member of the city 
executive committee an<l was on the board 
of public safety during Mayor Keller's ad- 
ministration. He was vice president of the 
Indiana DelegHtion to the Polish National 
Convention held at Detroit, Michigan. He 
is a member of the Chaml>er of Commerce, 
the Knife and Fork Club, is a Knight of 
(^)lumbus. and is affiliated with South 
Bend Lo<lge Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Klks. 

In August, 1899. Mr. Smogor married 
.Marv Hafinski. She was born at Haver- 
straw. New York, daughter of Mr. and 
.Mrs. Francis Hafinski. both natives of 
Poland. The four children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Sm(>«:or are Eugene, (tertrude. Louis 
and .leanetTe. Mr. and Mrs. Smogor are 
members of St. Hedwig Catholic Church. 



1262 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Col. Eu P. Ritteb was £or over £orty 
years a prominent Indiana lawyer, served 
as a soldier and officer in the Union army, 
and played an effective and forceful part 
in civic affairs, thon^ mainly restricted to 
limited fields, particularly the advocacy 
of temperance. He might be properly 
pamed among the pioneers of that move- 
ment which eventually brought Indiana in- 
to the group of prohibition states. 

He was bom on a farm in Quilford 
Township of Hendricks County, Indiana^ 
June 18, 1838, son of James and Rachel 
(Jessup) Ritter. His parents were both 
born in North Carolina and were Friends 
or Quakers in religion and helped make up 
that large and influential colony of Friends 
who left North Carolina in the early half 
of the nineteenth century and settled so 
numerously in Indiana. James Ritter died 
in 1859 and his wife in 1874. He was a 
whij? in politics and later a republican. 

The late Colonel Ritter was the youngest 
son in a family of seven children. He at- 
tended the common schools of Hendricks 
County and entered Asbur>' College, now 
DePauw University, at Qreencastle as 
member of the cla«s of 1863. He left col- 
lege to enlist April 14, 1861, as a private 
in Company K of the Sixteenth Indiana 
Infantry. He was in practically continu- 
ous service until getting his honorable dis- 
charge June 6, 1865, more than four years 
later. He was transferred to the Seventy- 
Ninth Indiana Infantry, and most of his 
service was with the Armv of the Cumber- 
land, lie participated in three great cam- 
paigns, one in Tennessee which culminated 
in the battle of Stone River, that in East- 
em Tennesseo and Northern Georcria 
marked hv the historic ronfliots of Chicka- 
manga. Missionary Ridge, Rocky Face 
Ridge. Resaca, New Hope Church, Kene- 
saw Mountain, the siege and battle of At- 
lanta and Lovejoy Station, and finally in 
the pursuit of Hood's army back through 
Tennessee, concludint? with the battles of 
Franklin and Nashville. He served as ad- 
jutant iii his regiment and later rose to the 
rank of captain. His title of colonel was 
due to three vears of service as colonel of 
the First Rejrinient of tlie Indiana National 
(fuard. He was appointed by Oovernor 
porter upon the ortrani/ation of the Na- 
tional (fuanl in 1ks:{. lit* was also a mem- 
ber of (Jeiinre II. Thomas Post, Orand 
Army of the Repu>»lic. Fnmi 1903 to 1900 



he served as a member of the board of 
trustees of the Indiana Soldiers Home. 

After the war DePauw University 
granted him a diploma as a member of the 
class of 1865. He also took up the study 
of law and was admitted to the bar in Hie 
spring of 1866, and soon afterward located 
at Indianapolis, where for over forty years 
he commanded a large and important prac- 
tice in both the State and Federal courts. 
He was especially able as a trial lawyer. 
He was author of ''Moral Law and Civil 
Law, Parts of the Same Thing," a book 
in which he argued the thesis that social 
morality is the fundamental principle of 
the common law and of all statute law. 
Fully fifty years ago, early in his career 
as a lawyer, Colonel Ritter allied himself 
with the temperance forces and never lost 
an opportunity to put a check on the liquor 
traffic, and was connected as an attorney 
with many trials in the lower and higher 
courts to enforce all the regulatory laws 
affecting that subject in Indiana. 

Politically Colonel Ritter was an inde- 
pendent republican. He and his wife were 
members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. July 15, 1866, he married Miss 
Narcie Lockwood. She was bom at Paris, 
Kentucky, daughter of Benjamin and Re- 
becca (Smith) Lockwood, who spent their 
last years with their daughter in Indianap- 
olis. The children of Colonel Ritter and 
wife were: Halsted L., who has followed 
the .same profession as his father ; Herman 
B., who died at the age of twenty-one; 
Roscoe H., a physician; Mary B., who 
married Charles A. Beard, former profes- 
sor of Columbia University at New York 
and regarded as one of the foremost leaders 
of progressive opinion in America; Dwight 
S., now city purchasing agent of Indianap- 
olis: and Ruth, wife of Edgar V. 'Daniel. 

Dwight S.' Ritter. Though the process 
has been a slow one, and only accelerated 
by the necessities imposed through yeara 
of extraordinary- public and private econ- 
omy resulting from the war, there is an 
increasing tendency for the administrators 
of public business to adapt and adopt the 
inetliods which have proved efficient in 
private industrialism. Never again prob- 
ably will public waste and extravagance 
be rcganlcd with cynical indifference and 
as a matter of no particular con.sequence. 
An encouraging example of this new spirit 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1263 



in municipal administration has recently 
been afforded by a report from the city 
purchasing agent of Indianapolis, Dwight 
S. Ritter. 

Mr. Ritter is an Indianapolis man by 
birth, though he obtained his chief busi- 
ness experience elsewhere. Since he left 
college his spe<'ific work has been the hand- 
ling and buying of large quantities of 
materials for big industries under private 
ownership. The work of a purchasing 
agent is in fact a great profession, requir- 
ing almost as much detailed knowledge as 
a railway tariff expert, and furthermore 
a tact and a promptness of decision that 
are pre-eminent (jualities in the business 
executive. 

It was solely on the basis of his previous 
experience and demonstrated fitness that 
Mayor •lewett soujrht the services of Mr. 
Ritter for the position of city purchasing 
agent in January, 1918. The new oflice 
and honors came to him as an office seek- 
ing the man rather than the man the office. 
and political considcrati(ms figured hardly 
at all in the choice. 

Thus Mr. Ritter took up his duties at 
the beginning of the year 1918, and has 
been busy ever sinre building and making 
this, the most important department of tlic 
city government, one of thi* most cflicicnt, 
best organized and most economical organ- 
izations of its kind among Amcri<a*s muni- 
cipalities. Thnmgh the city purchasing 
agent all the supplies for every depart- 
ment of Indiana j)oIis are purchased. Un- 
derstanding how mneh of a metropolis In- 
dianapolis is, liow many institutions it has, 
how many dej>artments of public a<l minis- 
tration. in<-hiding public works, parks, hos- 
pitals, sewer and pavintr and en«rine«'rinir 
activities, public buildiiiL''^^ and act-ninitiiiL' 
an<i eb»riciil divisi.mv, it js n-.iilily si f-n 
that tlie voluiiif of }»usiii»'SN trans;i«tc«i bv 
the purchasiriif ;itr»*?iT im: oiil\ iii\..l\.'>s si'\. 
eral hundred tliMiivan.l .l.-lLirx :mii'.iallv. 

■ 

)»ut in«-lN«lcs .111 a'^'Murn! i'l" ■iiaL'n Tij.if atii! 
variet\' of' Miati-ria '« a!!«l "■••i|ini(..riT :••«» Vvt* 
'jUcntly a ri!\ a<l:.i» i-fraii-.ii iM«ti'ii:T»i'.l 
to a prM'/ra'h «■:' • ■ fi:nj.\ ],:i^ ^'>M'j\\* Tm 
rc'Stri«'T r«''.ii'v':» ;..! ^ f,,r niaf'Tia's. w !l| a 
result U»\ ••ft.'i «.t" l;a'.<i":'-;ii»piiiLr arul :in- 
f)cdilP^' wo»k tI at imun! !,.. ^]^^]\,' :,»i,l N.',-iir 
injr cr'nl;*.;'iv ;:t l! « ••M-' ■^♦' «•!* ••{"li.- >'li- v. ,\ 

nearer ai'|'r«».i<}. t., :[... .;. ,:r.-.l •■•■.i. .n 
f<»und ill . •■? ■■•■••*T .1* '•_' ?''-|"'' -:"■■:' -v f'»r 
I»ur<-haN«*s n:i']»-r «•!,.• !..m|. ?i .v LMiniML' the 



economy that results from doing buiiness 
at wholesale rather than by loose and on- 
systematized buying. 

What Indianapolis has gaineil through 
Mr. Ritter 's administration of the city pur- 
chasing agent's office is well set forth in 
an editorial that appeared in The Indianap- 
olis Star commenting upon his first report 
for the semi-annual period from January 
to July, 1918. An important feature of 
the report, emphasized in the editorial, 
was the fact that the cost of the depart- 
ment was less than two per cent on the 
total volume of business it handled for the 
city. The most important economy fur- 
thermore was reducing the number of 
emergency orders, which in the previous 
year had amounted to sixty -six per cent of 
the total supplies, whereas in the first re- 
port of Mr. Ritter they were reduced to 
only fourteen per cent. Other large sav- 
in<rs were made by ehcckinp and rearrang- 
ing the city's telephone service and by 
prompt <li>cnunri!ii: nt" the city's lulls. A 
summarv of the benefits derived from Mr. 
Hitter's administration is contained in the 
following <|uotation from the editorial just 
mentioned : 

** Anyone familiar with business methods. 

particularly the f)ublie's business, will 

rerotjiii/c what opportunities for economy 

are jucscntcd to a well ('onductcd i»urchas- 

ine department. When the cost of that 

ajrent-v is Icvis than two per cent of the 

purchases the saviiiL' throujrh etVK'icncy 

and intcjliiri'iit supervision is bound to be 

important. The aL^*ncv has svstematized 
I . * 

th»* city's pur<ha»-intr until it now buys 
all materials for all cjty departments, hav- 
iuL' in«ludcil su«h a'counts as telephones, 

♦ lectric liu'lit^, iiii^. loiitract steam heat- 
iiiL'. insuraiiee. repairs to buildiuirs an<l 
s..'M«' «'tlier items that \\«'re not formerly 
I a!:'!lf.l l»\ the purel;asiiiir aL'cnt. 

"A t*ui'Th'*r iniprt'Vemeiit in the system 
lia^ l«. •ii Miaih- b\ uhieli a tlailv reeoni of 

• .1" }i fuml Is k»'pT and thus avoidiiiir ovcr- 
Mi! III!" appi"«»piiati«»nN. ^Ir. Hitter hopes 
t . v.rK I. lit Ni.iiM- plan by which dcpart- 

.- '•.:' i'!ii-.l a-es nf aiiv L'ivcu article mav 
' . '•!•■. i". I to L'"t lietter prii'cs by buying 

•I ..ii.'iit :!ies. as t'.»r examplf coal us«».l in 
•: •■ \arit»iis .-My departments. lie jir«»posfs 
•.. i'.-titiTf business s\stem and elli''i«»Ticv 
\\ I . : f\ t-r tl.at mav be done. " 

l)\\iL'lit S. Hitter is an Itolianapoli*; nian, 
) . Ml ill the citv in 1>7*^. a s<»n of the late 



1264 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Col. Eli Ritter, whose interesting career 
is reviewed elsewhere. Dwight S. Ritter 
was educated in the public schools, in the 
Shortridge High School of Indianapolis, 
and graduated in 1900 from DePauw Uni- 
versity of Qreencastle. For a number of 
years after leaving college be was con- 
nected with a large manufacturing con- 
cern at Columbus, Ohio, and in 1913 re- 
turned to Indianapolis and took the posi- 
tion of purchasing agent for the Nordyke 
& Marmon Company, one of the largest 
automobile factories in the country. It 
was with that corporation he demonstrated 
the efficiency and knowledge and skill in 
purchasing materials which were recog- 
nized when Mayor Jewett sought his serv- 
ices for the office of city purchasing agent. 
Mr. Ritter married Miss Edna Taylor, 
and they have two children, Gordon T. and 
Wayne L. Ritter. 

Oeoroe Robert Wilson. Some of the 
worthiest services and experiences of life 
have been credited to George Robert Wil- 
son, now a resident of Jasper and India- 
napolis and a leading insurance man. By 
profession he is a surveyor and civil en- 
gineer, and for many years was county 
superintendent of schools in Dubois 
County. 

He was bom at Cannelton, Indiana. 
August 15, 1863. He is the eldest son of 
Michael and Elizabeth (Chilton) Wilson. 
His parents are English, and he is the 
first of the family on either side bom with- 
out the folds of the British flag. Michael 
Wilson, only son of Anthony and Anna 
(Pratt) Wilson, was bom in Rainton Gate, 
not far from Durham, England, October 
3. 18:^4. He came with his father, An- 
thony, to America in 1854 from Shield's 
Harbor. England, on the good ship Jose- 
phine Hardin, and arrived at the port of 
New York August 11, 1854. Prom New 
York they went to Hawesville, Kentucky, 
on the Ohio River, opposite Cannelton, In- 
diana, and there located, removing later to 
Cannelton. Michael Wilson's wife was 
bom in England October 13, 1844, daugh- 
ter of George and Margaret (Bruce) Chil- 
ton who came to America in June, 1848, 
on the Rhip Mar>' Matthews and landed at 
Philadelphia. The family settled at Can- 
nelton, and there on November 1, 1862, 
Elizal>eth Ilutrhinson Chilton became the 
wife of Michael Wilson. 



In 1868 the Wilson family moved from 
Perry County to Dubois County, and there 
Qeorge R. Wilson was reared and spent 
many years of his life. At eleven years 
of age he went to work in the coal mines 
near Jasper. Ambitious beyond the or- 
dinary, he devoted himself to study at such 
intervals of leisure as he could command 
during the four years he spent in the coal 
mines, and at the age of fifteen he was 
possessed of a good English education. He 
then secured a position as teacher in Bain- 
bridge Township, in the meantime taking 
a practical course in civil engineering, un- 
der the direction of Major Stiles, the cele- 
brated author of ** Stiles' Curves and 
Tables." In all Mr. Wilson taught school 
for nine years, during the last two of which 
he was principal of the high school at 
Ireland. 

In the intervals between teaching he 
served for three years in his father's office 
as deputy surveyor of Dubois County, and 
for four years as county surveyor. His 
father and also his uncle, Qeorge Chilton, 
were civil engineers and served as sur- 
veyors of Dubois and Perry counties. 

In 1889 Mr. Wilson's eminent qualifica- 
tions as an educator were recognized by 
his appointment to the position of county 
superintendent of schools. His work in 
this position was so thorough and striking 
in character as to have attracted attention 
in educational circles all over the state. 
Briefly referred to, his record as superin- 
tendent is summarized as follows : The re- 
organization of the school system of Du- 
bois County, comprising the introduction 
of uniform courses of study and the classi- 
fication of schools throughout the county; 
the introduction of a system of bi-monthly 
examinations of pupils, a system which has 
since been adopted by the state; the intro- 
duction of a uniform set of examination 
papers for pupils in all the county schools; 
the organization of the Teachers' Reading 
Circle, of Dubois County, which for years 
stood first in the State of Indiana; the 
organization of the Young People's Read- 
ing Circle in Dubois County ; the introduc- 
tion of common school commencements in 
every township in Dubois County, and the 
reduction of township institutes to a sys- 
tem. In addition to this creditable work 
Mr. Wilson prepared an excellent map of 
Dubois County. He also collected and ar- 
ranged the exhibit of the Dubois County 




J^cL.^.^^072^^^^.^r-. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1267 



verton, checked up the office at Logansport 
and superintended the transfer to this city. 
After leaving this office Mr. Woolverton 
was for a time a traveling representative 
for a Cleveland oil house. However, he 
realized that he had not yet found his true 
vocation and gave that position up to take 
a clerical post with Studebaker Brothers. 
During a long period he, with William 
Mack and Clem Studebaker, did all the 
office work for this concern, he and Mr. 
Mack looking after the l)Ooks and accounts 
and Mr. Studebaker attending to the cor- 
respondence. The company's office was in 
a small frame building on South Michigan 
Street, opposite the present site of the 
Auditorium. When he left this office Mr. 
Woolverton drifted into the real estate 
business with his former fellow-clerk, Mr. 
Kizer. It happened that Andrew Ander- 
son was at that time operating the abstracts 
of title now owned by W. A. Bujrbee. Ilti 
offered Mr. Woolverton an opportunity 
to conduct the real estate end of his ab- 
stract business, but Mr. Woolverton was 
drawing $75 per month at the Studebaker 
office and thoujrht that it was too ^(kxI a 
thing to give up for an unj^ertainty. He 
suggested to Mr. Kizer, who was traveling 
for the Aetna Life Insurance Company 
and was not enamored of his position, that 
he take the pla<*e in the Andei-son office 
and that if the business showed itself profit- 
able he would leave Studebaker 's and go 
in with him. This resulted in ^Ir. Kizer 's 
trying the proposition, and his sue(v»ss was 
so immediate and assure<l that Mr. Wool- 
verton resigned his position, and, June 10. 
1869, became one of the meinU»rs of the 
partnciNhip of Kizer & Woolverton. This 
is still in existence after a period of more 
than fortv-fiirht vears, and the tinii's ofliee. 
in charge of l{o)>tM*t Kizer. is in the same 
place that it was in the l)et:innin«r, althontrh 
in a new buiMinj:. The sU'-ress <»f tlie tirni 
eneouraired tlu- p;irtn»'i*s to rn*er «»th»'r 
fields. They were iiistniiiiriita! in nriran- 
izinir the Malleable Stn*! HaiiL''*' M.-mnt'a«-- 
turing ronipany, to w!ii«'li Mr. Ki/»T*< and 
Mr. WoolviTton *»s v.hin now .lir»'«'t t!ii«ir at- 
tention, and nf \\}iii'li .Ta'-(»}) W'.tilvi'iMnii is 
vi<'e pn'sid»'iit an«l ti-.M-xin-'T. In 1 **>l! li«' 
bci'ame intri-«-N»<'il i?i !).♦• S.iirr .Ii.xi-]ili 
<'onnty Savin-.'-v l*.ai"k, whil! \\;in **<»m!I'1»''1 
Deee?iilM-r ^. 1^»J!». ^-v .1. M S*u.|' ^;ik»'r. 
J. C. Knnblick ainl T. .1. S.'i\;!'». ?!:.• la^t- 
nain*'d bi-inir *f*' i'?- ?:.•' innM-r* :!i 'i i* •»!•- 



ganization and secretary and treasurer for 
a number of years prior to his death. Mr. 
Woolverton was elected president of the 
institution in ISOf), and has since l>een re- 
elected every year. The other officers are: 
Henjamin F. Dunn, vice president; Rome 

C. Stephenson, vice president: George U. 
Bingham, .secretary and treasurer; Harriet 
E. Klbel, eashier; Charles A. l^urns, as- 
sistant cashier; and Elmer E. Kodgers, 
assistant <'ashier: the tru.stees being Jacob 
Woolverton. B. F. Dunn, W. A. Bugl>ee, 
W. L. Kizer, Elmer Oockett, W. A. Funk 
and K. (\ Stephenson. At the close of 
business, Auirust 20, 1917. the Saint Joseph 
County Saviinrs Bank issuc^l the following 
statement : Resoun^es. loans and disecmnts, 
$2.027,91 9.!)() : municipal Ixmds, $487.. 
90H.6H; cash on hand and due from Imnks, 
$938,10O.r)S : liabilities, due ilepositors. 
$:{.()S9.:{:{7.!n : surplus, .Ici^i.VKKMK) ; inter- 
est, etc.. *:{9,r)S9.41. Mr. WfK)lverton is 
also vice president and the largest stock- 
holder (»f the Saint Joseph I»aii & Trust 
Com; any. a b?M^tht»r bank, and has l)een 
siiu'e its organization, in which he was the 
nniin faetor. in 1900. The other offieials of 
this bank are: Rome ("'. St(»phensoii. pn-si- 
dent : Willis A. Bu^tImv, viee presiilent ; 
Tieorge V. Bingham. M»eretary and treas- 
urer: Harriet K. Klbel. cashier; and 
Charles A. Burns and Elmer E. Ro<Igers, 
assistant tri»asur»*r and assistant secretarv, 
rcspeetively. Th«» directors are: .1. M. 
Studebaker. Jaco}» Wo<»lverton. W. L. Ki- 
z<»r. F. S. Fish. W. A. Buirbee. L. T,e Van, 

D. E. Snviler. R. C. Stejihensou and ii. V, 
Hinirhanj. The statcmcuT nf this bank at 
the close of business AuL'U>t 20. 1917, was 
as follows: Resourees. loans and tliseounts. 
.•^l.>:is.4:U.M: bonds, *l,(>riS,097..T2: ea.sh 
on hand and due from lianks and trust 
••oiiipani»»s. >^.")SJ.:I42.1!* : trust securities. 
*1.4''>4.:.i;2.«;«i: ival estate. *4.(MX».(H). Lia- 
biliTi»-s: Capital st.,ck. >2(H).(HMMX>: sur- 
\Au<. s]i)i).\H)i).i\\) : undivided irotits. :{5lS4.- 

if;!>.:>r>: de|M.>iis. s2..^9:j>r)>^.or) : due tru.st 

tlepaitltieiiT. sl.TiTl .l<M*.nl. 'I'lji- cninbiued 

ri-»Min"'''N ..r tlif'-^e twn institutions ain<iunt 
to .-^.40:;.:^;:;.!):;. 

Mf. W.».»l\ert.,ii \ fatniliaritv with ri»altv 
:i'i«l <i>n«litions p'Ttainiiiir thereto i?i North- 
• ••" li'.l:,!i-.i .ii'.'l SiHitli'M'n Mi'-liiiran is 
v*"'=;i*'i\ 'iri^:i»*iM'»'»'''l. lb' is p'L'arded as 
.i!i .iii*^'.!''* \ :ri Ni'.j: M:atteT'^. a prestijje 
.I'-Mii I't'il * !.'-'»iiL'^' ' is lii!i'_r asviH'i;i*inTi with 
*'■ ''^Niji.-xx .t',-1 l> 'M' kiiiir e\}»erieuee. 



1268 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



He himself is the owner of a number of 
business buildings and dwellings at South 
Bend, including his own* home at 313 La- 
favette Avenue, which was originally built 
in* 1877 and remodeled in 1893; and also 
has two farms in Saint Joseph County, one 
situated four miles from the courthouse 
on the Lincoln Highway west, consisting 
of 157 acres, and the other a 200-acre tract, 
being located two miles further from the 

city. 

While a student at Northern Indiana 
College Mr. Woolverton "became acquainted 
with Miss Alice M. Ruple, daughter of 
John J. Ruple, one of the pioneer farmers 
of the county, and ()ctol)er 6, 1870, they 
were married. To this union there were 
lH)rn four sons: Karl, a young man of great 
pnmiise who died a few years ago; John J., 
residing at No. 307 South Lafayette 
Avenue. South Hend, assistant trea.surer 
and manager of the Malleable Steel Range 
Manufacturing Company; Howard A., also 
a resident of South Bend, who is sales 
manager for that company; and Hugh L., 
who was formerly purchasing agent for the 
same concern, now a resident of Washing- 
ton. D. C. where he is connected with the 
quartermaster general's department as 
purchasing agent of hardware and steel for 
the United States Government. The Wool- 
verton family, including the sons and their 
families, have a summer home at Sandy 
Beach. Diamond I^ke. where they spend 
much time together and maintain the affec- 
tionate home associations of earlier years 
when the sons were children. Mr. Wool- 
verton is an active membi^r of the South 
Bend ChamlxT of Comment and of the 
Rotary Club and is a leader in many move- 
ments having for their obje<»t the better- 
ment of business and financial conditions. 
He l>elonKs also to the Country Club and 
the Knife and Fork Club, and has shown 
a great and helpful interest in the work 
of the Young Men's Christian Association, 
of which he has been a generous supporter. 
With his family, he Mongs to the Presby- 
terian Church. In his political views Mr. 
W(H>lverton is a republican, but public life 
has not appealetl to him, and politics has 
attracted his attention only insofar as it 
has affe<'te<l the welfare of the countr>' and 
its i>eople. During the half a centur>- in 
which he has been engaged in business at 
South Bend he has built up a reputation 
for unquestioned integrity in business, for 



honorable participation in public-spirited 
movements, and for probity in private life. 

Hon. Rome C. Stephenson. The extent 
and importance of the interests with which 
Hon. Rome C. Stephenson has been identi- 
fied within his career, and particularly 
since locating at South Bend in 1908, stamp 
him as one of the leading of the city's 
financial representatives. A lawyer by 
profession, and at one time a member of 
the State Senate, he gave up his profes- 
sional vocation for the field of finance, and 
at this time is president of the Saint Jo- 
seph Loan & Trust Company and vice pres- 
ident of the Saint Joseph County Savings 
Bank, brother banks of South Bend with 
combined assets of more than $8,000,000. 

Mr. Stephenson was bom at Wabash, 
Indiana, February 19, 1865, and is a son 
of Hugh M. and Maria J. (Thompson) 
Stephenson. He is a member of a family 
which had its origin in the north of Ire- 
land and which first emigrated to Maryland 
and subsequently went to Carolina during 
colonial days. Hugh M. Stephenson was 
bom December 29, 1818, in Iredell County, 
North Carolina, and when he was a youth 
was taken by his parents to Indiana, where 
he was educated in the public schools and 
reared to manhood. There he also met and 
married Maria J. Thompson, who was bom 
May 22, 1825, near Paris, Bourbon County, 
Kentucky,- and some time later they re- 
movcfl to Rochester, Indiana, where they 
rounded out their lives, Mr. Stephenson 
dying April 25, 1889, and Mrs. Stephenson 
November 8, 1913. The father followed 
the business of abstracting titles, and was 
accounted a business man of shrewdness 
and ability, with a reputation for absolute 
integrity. A republican in his political 
views, he was interested in the success of 
his party, and at various times was elected 
to offices of a public nature, being at one 
time in the earlv davs sheriff of Wabash 
County. He and Mrs. Stephenson were 
members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. They had the following children : 
Amos L., who for years practiced dentistry 
and is now a retired resident of Wabash; 
William H., who was a retired dental prac- 
titioner, and died at Marion, Indiana, in 
1913; Joseph T., who was a printer by vo- 
cation and died at Rochester, November 
8. 1893; Frank M., a resident of Indianap- 
olis, who has been probation <^cer of the 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1269 



Juvenile Court of that city since ita organi- 
zation ; and Rome C. 

Rome C Stephenson received his early 
education in the puY)li(r schools of Wabash 
and Rochester. He chose the vocation of 
law for his life work, and iM^^an the study 
of his profession in the law offices of 
Oeorpe W. Holinan, an attorney of Roches- 
ter, l)einp duly admitted to the bar May 1, 
1S86. He bejfan practicing? flic first day 
of the following year, and was associated in 
partnership with his preceptor until No- 
vember, 1914, when he retired from the 
practice of his callin^r. In the meantime, 
in November. 1JM)S, he had removed from 
Rochester to South Bend, and the latt<T 
fitv has since been liis hiune and the scene 
of his activities and success. On coming to 
this city ht» became vice jircsident of the 
Saint Joseph County Savin»rs Mank, of 
which he was also treasurer, and took like 
positicms with the Saint Joscjih Loan and 
Trust Company. 11 is (luti(*s with these 
concerns rapidly jrrew in scope an<l impor- 
tance until finally be found that he could 
not sc»rve two mastciN. and in November, 
1914, ceased the practice of law to ^rive his 
entire tinu^ to his banking duties. On May 
1, 1916, he was ele<'tcd president of the 
Saint Joseph Tioan and Trust Company, 
suceee<linp J. M. Studebaker. This Imnk, 
which was orpranized in 1!H)(), is one of the 
stronprest institutions of the state, and with 
its brother bank, the Saint Joseph County 
Savings Hank, has com}»ine<l resources of 
*8,40:^,:m:5.9:^ The latter instituti*»n. of 
which Mr. Stephenson is vice pn'sident. 
was establishnl in 1S()!) and is also one of 
the best known bankint; bouses in Indiana. 

In his political vi«»ws Mr. Stephenson 
is a republican and for some years was a 
more or less important figure in the ranks 
of his party. In 1!M)4 be was tb«» su«'c«»ss- 
ful representative* of his ticket for the State 
Slenate and substMpiciitly served in tlie ses- 
sions of IIK).") and 1!H>7 and tlie >pecial ses- 
sion of 190S. re|)rcsentintr WabaNli and 
Fulton counties. He wns one of tb»' cn«*r- 
jretic and workinjr membeiN of the Sfnate. 
and in the session of lfK)r» was «!iair?iian 
of the committee on insnran'*e and of the 
judiciary *'A'' committee. In the si^^sion 
of 1907 he was (»n tlie i-onimittris mi corpo- 
rations, telcfrrapli and tele;'lnnn'. riiilmads. 
and codification of laws. Senator St^pln'ii- 
80n is a mem)»er of and elder in the IVesbv- 

• 

terian Church. He is pmminent frater- 



nally, belongring to South Rend Lodpe No. 
894, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; 
South Bend Chapter No. 29, Royal Areh 
Masons, and Indianapolis Consistory, thir- 
ty-se<*ond depree of Masonry; also to the 
liKb'pendent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
Crusade I^od^ No. 14, Knights of Pythias. 
He also holds meml)er8hip in the Indiana 
Country. Rotary and Knife and Fork 
clul)s and in the (*hamber of Commerce. 

Mr. Stephenson was inarritMl October 
If). 1S89, at Cpper Sandusky, Ohio, to Miss 
Klla J. Ma.xwell. daughter of Joseph J. and 
Martha (Kdwards) Maxwell, lioth of whf>m 
are now d<*eeased. Mr. Maxwell was for 
many years a <lry jroo^ls merchant at Cpper 
Sandusky and later cashier (►f the First 
National Hank of that place. Mr. and Mrs. 
Stephenson are the parents of two chil- 
dren : Josej.h M., a resi4lent of South Hend 
and a rising youn^' journalist, beintr man- 
ajrer of the South Hend News-Times: and 
Huirh R.. who is an ensiirn in the C. S. 
Navy. The Stephenson t'amily resi<lcs in 
a handsomt* nHMJern residence at No. 201 
North Shore Drive. In addition. Mr. Ste- 
phenson is \\w owner of a handsome farm 
located three and tuie-half miles northwest 
of Soutli Hend. on the Portage Road. This 
consists of 20() acres in an excellent state 
of production, the property beintr ••ulti- 
vatiMl by the latest approvctl methods and 
witli the nmst up-tt^date machinery manu- 
facture<l. 

John H. Dn.iiON', historian, was b<irn in 
Hrookt* County. VirL'iniii. in 1**<'T: and 
whilt* he w.i.s a small rhild his father re- 
nnived to St. ClairNvilli\ l44»lmont County, 
Ohio. Ibre his fatlier died when John 
was a lad of ten y»'ars. and tlie orphaned 
boy went \n ( 'harlestiin. West Vir^rinia, 
win re li«* learneil thr printer's traile. In 
]^'2\, at tlie atrc nf seventeen, lie went to 
('ini'innati. anj bts-ame a compositor on 
the ('ini'lnnati Oa/ette. In this paper 
his tirst litrrary v«»nt tires were published, 
bnt Cincinnati w;is then the literarv center 
of till* Ohi,i Valh'v. and the merit of his 
N\eirk LMve him the ♦•ntrce to The Western 
Sntivenir. Flint's West«'rn Review, and the 
Cincintuiti Mirror. He wrote poetry at 
tliat time, anil his **Hurial of the Heauti- 
ftd" an J ** Orphan'** Harp" tbservedly 
»:av.' liitn lastin^r recojjnition. 

In 1*^*14 )m' removed to I/<»iraiisport. In- 
diana. uhtTc he read law and was ad- 



1270 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



mitted to the bar; and where he also wrote 
the first volume of his ** History of In- 
diana, ' ' which was published in 1842. The 
fame of this work caused his election as 
state librarian in 1845, which position he 
held for six years. In 1851 he was ap- 
pointed assistant secretary of state, and 
continued in this office for two years. He 
also served as secretary* of the State Board 
of Agriculture in 1852, 1858, 1855, 1858, 
and 1859. In 1853 he published for some 
months a semi-monthly agricultural maga- 
zine called ** Farm and Shop." In 1863 he 
was appointed a clerk in the Department 
of the Interior, serving as superintendent 
of documents and librarian of the depart- 
ment. He resigned this position in 1871, 
and became for two years clerk of the Com- 
mittee on Militar\' Affairs of the House. 
In the spring of 1875 he returned to In- 
dianapolis, where he resided until his death 
on February 27, 1879. 

Mr. Dillon joined the Indiana Historical 
Society in 1842, and was its only secre- 
tar>* from 1859 until his death. He always 
continued his historical researches, and in 
1859 published his ** History of Indiana/' 
which was an extension of his original vol- 
ume. His other publications were **The 
National Decline of the Miami Indians/' 
read before the Indiana Historical Society 
May 23, 1848, and published in Vol. 1 of 
the societv's publications; ** Letters to 
Friends of the Union/' 1861-2; ** Notes 
on Historical Evidence in Reference to Ad- 
verse Theories of the Origin and Nature 
of the Government of the United States." 
New York. 1871 ; and ** Oddities of Colonial 
Legislation in America/* published in 
1879, after Mr. Dillon's death, with a 
memorial sketch by Ben Douglass. An- 
other sketch will l>e found in Vol. 2 of the 
Indiana Historical So<'ietv Publications. 

L. A. SxmEB, a mechanical engineer of 
many years successful experience and now 
a partner of the firm of Snider & Rotz, 
consulting engineers, with offices in the 
Merchants Hank Building at Indianapolis. 

Mr. Snider was bom in Marion County, 
Luliana, I>eccml>er 17. 1883. a son of Theo- 
philus and Fanny C. ^Center) Snider. The 
Snider family was one of the first to estab- 
lish hniiics in I'utnnin County, Indiana. 
His firnat-jrrandfather. Jacob, took his fam- 
ily, including his son Lewis, grandfather of 
L. A. Snider, and traveled by wagon from 



TennessecL to the midst of an unbroken 
wilderness in Putnam County, Indiana, es- 
tablishing their home six miles north of 
Qreencastle. Jacob Snider spent all the 
rest of his days on that farm. He came 
to Indiana at such mi early time that the 
party was attacked by Indians while en 
route. He was a farmer, hunter and trap- 
per and a splendid type of the rugged pio- 
neer settler. Theophilus Snider, who died 
in 1908, was born at Oreencastle, Indiana, 
and spent all his active career as a rail- 
road man. He became a brakeman, later a 
conductor, and was finally made a yard- 
master with the Big Pour Railway Com- 
pany. He was at first with the Peoria 
Division, afterwards was made yardmaster 
at Terre Haute, and at the time of his 
death had given thirty-seven years of faith- 
ful work to the Big Four Railway Com- 
pany, being regarded as one of its most 
trusted employes. He was a member of 
the ^[asonic order for many years. In the 
family were four children, all of whom 
are still living. 

L. A. Snider, oldest of these children, 
was educated in the public schools of Terre 
Haute, attended high school at Indianap- 
olis, and took his professional course in the 
Rose Polytechnic Institute at Terre Haute. 
He graduated Bachelor of Science with the 
class of 1905 and then spent another year 
of post-graduate work, receiving the degree 
Master of Science in Mechanical Engineer- 
ing in 1906. Since then he has given all 
hLs time to professional work. In 1912 he 
was granted the degree of Mechanical Engi- 
neer because of his professional record. 
For a year he was with the Fairbanks and 
Morse Company, assigned to duty at Beloit, 
Wisconsin, and after that was employed 
as a mechanical engineer and traveled over 
several states for the Fairbanks and Morse 
people. Later he had full charge of the 
mechanical equipment and engineering 
work of Paul Kuhn and Company 
throughout Indiana and Illinois, with head- 
quarters at Terre Haute. After three 
years he resigned and on March 1, 1910, 
became connected with McMeans and Tripp 
as their mechanical engineer. Some years 
ago Mr. Snider formed his present partner- 
ship with J. M. Rotz, and as consulting en- 
gineers they have handled many important 
contracts. Their chief specialty is heat- 
ing an<l ventilating, and they have done 
an extensive business in installing appara- 



INDIANA AND LNDIANANS 



1271 



tus and in drawiiigr plans for heating and 
ventilating systems in school huildings 
throughout Indiana. Illinois, Michigan and 
Ohio. 

Mr. ^Nuider is a Mason, is independent in 
politics, and a member of the Presbj-terian 
Church. January 17, 1909, he married 
Bessie Modesitt. They have three chil- 
dren: Harriet Jane, bom April 14, 1912: 
Albert Howell, l>orn December 24, 1916: 
and Hugh Modesitt. born January 27, 
1918. 

Col. Robert R. Stewart. No more than 
at any other time Indiana honors its men 
of military genius and servi«'e. Such a 
time brings into striking relief and a bet- 
ter appreciation some of those who ser\ed 
their country so valiantly in former Ameri- 
can wars. 

One of these was the late Col. R<)l)ert R. 
Stewart. He was born in Indiana and his 
father, Matthew Stewart, was one of the 
early landlords and tavern keepers at old 
Terre Haute. Colonel Stewart grew up 
in the lively atmospliore of Western Indi- 
ana along the Wabash Valley, and was only 
a l>oy when the war with Mexico broke out. 
He became infected with the fever of mil- 
itary- preparation, and his admiration for 
Philip Kearny, the dashing young soldier 
of Terre Haute, knew no bounds, and he 
practically ran away from home to join the 
dragoon company raised by Captain Kear- 
ny in and about Terre Haute. That was, 
by the way, the l>eginning of Colonel 
Keamv's career as an Ameri»'an militarv 
figure. Later in the Civil war Kearny rose 
to the rank of major general. K(>l)ert Stew- 
art was in Kearny's <avalry company and 
rose to the rank of lieutenant !)v reason 
of his j)ersonaI prowess and bravery. At 
the end of the war he was congratulated 
for his services l)y an autoirraph letter 
from President Polk. 

Earlv in isr>l an independent cavalrv 
company was onzanized at Terre Haute. 
which snbse«|nently bei-auif ('f)ni]»any I of 
the First Cavalrv, T\ventv-Ki<jiith Keiri- 
ment. Kol»ert I{. St»'\varT was its tirst cap- 
tain and later lie was !nad»' lifUtt'nant ••«»]. 
onel <»f the SiM-ond <'avalry and subN»».|U»Mi/- 
ly assisted in orLMni/iiiL' thf l-'l'-vriith In. li- 
ana < 'av:fli-\ . (■!" V. i ..! i., 1, ,..,.... .. '.,-.. ' 

His brother. .lain**- W. Ss«\va!"t. sti,..-,M»,|,.,] 
him as mlont'l nf *!•«» S.M-niiil IJrL'i'iH'nt. 
General Sirwart 'iv Mn dashiiirr |,ravi'rv 



and military exploits won admiration. 
"Bob** Stewart was a p«^pular man both in 
eamp and as a citizen. A part of the time 
he ci^mmandttl a brigade in the war, bnt 
refuseii any advancement in title and rank. 
In Western Indiana in particular Colonel 
Stewart was idolized as a typical soldier. 

In 1S62 his personal friend. J. C. Mcn- 
inger. deilieatetl to him "Colonel Stew- 
art's Parade Mari'h.** In the Memorial 
Huildini; at Terre Haute his portrait with 
those of other (*ivil war heroes is placed 
in enduring memory in nne of the win- 
d<»ws. 

DuriuiT his service Colonel Stewart was 
<*aptured by tlie cnem> arul for a iH»ri«»«l 
of seven months suffercil incarceration in 
Libby pris«»n at Hii*h!nond. The hard- 
ships of this periiKl toff^^ther with the ex- 
posun* of ramp and battle experience nn- 
deriuined his health, and onlv a few vean 
after the war he dii^l. 

Colonel Stewart marrit^l Klora Sullivan, 
who after bis death l»ei»a:ne the wife of 
Kmil Wulsi'lnicr. b^ig prominent in the 
inusif luisiness at Indianap^-^lis. Mr. 
Wulsrhnrr died April 1>, 19iH). Mrs. Wul- 
srhner was a pruininent :iirun» in In«iianap- 
oils. She wa> « hairman i^f the Rivinl of 
Tmstccs of the Iniiiana <>rpba!is n«>me As- 
sociation. She dit\l at Rome. Italv. .\pril 
14, VM)\). Her father. William Sullivan, 
was also a resident of Indianapolis. 

Alf\andt*r M. Srruart. imi1\ -^on aiiil 
rliilii of C«»lon(»] Sti'wart, was b.irn at Terre 
Haute Manh 4. I**h7. an.! iias li\*d in In- 
dianapi»lis sir.r*' l**fi'» Ho btSMtne inter- 
est»'d in tile r'.nNJ. a! nil r.l;an'liso business 
throuixh l;is stepfather, aiid for :r.any years 
lias i-ondui'Ted a st.rc ti\it is a tiottvi cen- 
ter i»f muNi.-al ir-^^-is all .»ver Tiie state, 
lit* is the i»n]v jol.*.t'r *.!; liiiliar-.a for the 
\'ii't<»r Talk::-.ir Ma V'T'-s. He Iwis alsi^i 
a«-t|nire'l Nor>' i'\!e!is".\. t'/.t^'n^n [w real 
I'^tatf and is :.:••:. •-.tii'.i \\ .v.. v.;a!.y of the 
reprt»>'»v'.T.if.\i» .:\i.' a!'..: ^ ••■.a! «ririini/a 
liohN .if l! ^l:a?;.i: -'.is. lie > a !:'.'Vr.UT of 
the I.oya! I.ei::o:\ is a S.* "ivV. K;v» Mason 
and S: r.: • r. a *•■':.'' -T »*" !' • '''!'i!nb:.i 
< "lul» a^ 1 ' * ' rr T" J..'*' ■.»• vx 

Mr. S'.-w..!- ..:••• ! "■ '**'•* M'.xn 

^i»'"'i: a !'■ '".'*. *' *^' 1 • ■; "^ ^l ^x '■;-. SI.'' 

■::■ i A'il:'!-* *'. "! ' • . • : -^ \> ^ ;••% :\ .-,1 • v 

, .... . I 

TMl M:-. S'-u..:- • ■.- • A! .. ^!.i" .^ K 



\' 



1 .. 



1272 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



James H. Lowrt is superintendent of 
parks at Indianapolis. To this position and 
all the responsibilities which it implies Mr. 
Lowry has brought the qualifications of 
the thoroughly trained civil and construc- 
tion engineer, and also a natural taste and 
inclination for this class of public serv- 
ice. Mr. Lowry has fitted in well with the 
plans and aspirations of the present park 
board. These plans contemplate a park 
system which will make Indianapolis the 
envy of the larger cities in the country. 
Members of the board and Mr. Lowy have 
made a thorough and systematic study of 
all the park systems of the leading eastern 
cities, and thus they have a broad vision 
and high ideals to guide them in all their 
work. The superintendent of parks de- 
pends not only upon the special organiza- 
tion and facilities placed under his control, 
but is doing much to arouse the interest 
and co-operation of all citizens of Indianap- 
olis in a general plan for beautification of 
the city. This means not only the public 
parks but the individual grounds and sur- 
roundings of homes. The service of the 
park system is available to private citi- 
zens in the selection and planting of proper 
shade trees and shrubbery on private 
grounds and adjacent to the street. The 
city is to be congratulated upon having 
such a thoroughly qualified man as Mr. 
I^wry for the position of park superin- 
tendent. 

He was bom in Cass County, Michi- 
gan. May 2, 1881, son of Franklin E. and 
Laura Bell (Parsons) Lowry. His father 
is sixty-five and his mother is sixty, and 
lK>th parents are still living, residents of 
Granger, St. Joseph County, Indiana. His 
father in his younger days was a teacher, 
afterwards a country merchant, had a com- 
mon school eiiucation plus some normal 
training, and is now conducting a store at 
Granger. He has always been interested in 
politics and in the success of the demo- 
cratic party. He is a Mason and his wife a 
meml)er of the Christian Church. Ances- 
trallv the Lowr\'s are Scotch-Irish. There 
were three children : James H. ; Mabel, who 
is the wife of Albert Dachler, professor of 
English at Purdue University; and Mil- 
dred, a teacher living at home with her 
parents. 

James H. Lowry attended the graded 
schools of St. Joseph County, Indiana, 
IT^uated from the hi^ achool at Niles, 



Michigan, at the age of leighteen, and dur- 
ing the following two years taught school 
in his native County of Cass in Michigan. 
He also taught for two years in Harrison 
Township, St. Joseph County, Indiana. 
Teaching was ihe means of earning the 
money which enabled him to take part of 
his course at Purdue University. Besides 
teaching he did every other sort of em- 
ployment which would pay some of his ex- 
penses, including tutoring and some of the 
menial branches of service around the Uni- 
versity. At Purdue he pursued a technical 
course, civil engineering, and during his va- 
cations worked on railroads, the Lake Shore 
and the Nickel Plate lines, and spent one 
year out of Norfolk, Virginia, on the Tide- 
water System of the late Henry 0. Rogers. 

Mr. Lowry graduated from Purdue Uni- 
versity in 1908. The next year he was 
connected with the Indiana Mausoleum 
Company, doing concrete construction and 
design work, and acting as superintendent 
of construction. He then returned to his 
alma mater, Purdue, as instructor in civil 
engineering, and was there four years. 

In 1912 he came to Indianapolis as ex- 
ecutive officer of the Board of Park Com- 
missioners and was promoted to his present 
duties as park superintendent in 1915. Mr. 
Lowr>' is also president of the National An^ 
ateur Baseball Association. In the winter 
of 1918 the secretary of the War Recreation 
Soc»ial Service Bureau accepted his oflfer in 
behalf of the association to arrange games 
of baseball between teams of soldiers at the 
cantonments and amateur teams from cities 
near the cantonments, and this is one of Mr. 
lx)wr>''8 positive interests and services in 
the great war in which America is now em- 
barked. Mr. Lowry is a member of the Tri- 
angle Engineering Fraternity, is affiliated 
with Mjrstic Tie Lodge of the Masonic or- 
der, the Indianapolis Rotary Club, and in 
politics is non partisan. 

In 1910 he married Miss Bessie May 
Leamon, daughter of Mrs. Cordelia Lea- 
mon. Mrs. Lowry is a graduate of high 
school and is a thoroughly trained mu- 
sician, having attended Winona Conserva- 
tory of Music and finishing in the Chicjigo 
Conservatory. They have one son, James 
Edson Lowry. 

CuKREscz W. Nichols. Of lawyers who 
have had much to do with the important 
litigation in the United States and local 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1273 



courts in recent years, the name of Clar- 
ence W. Nichols has been prominently iden- 
tified. 

Mr. Nichols was born in Indianapolis 
July 8. 1873, son of Willard C. and Louise 
(Spiegel) Nichols. Ilis maternal grandfa- 
ther, August Spiegel, was a native of Ger- 
many, and came to America with his par- 
ents when an infant and located at Law- 
renceburg, Indiana, where he learned the 
cabinet making trade. He moved to Indi- 
anapolis and was a pioneer in the furniture 
manufacturing business. 

Mr. Nichols' paternal grandfather was 
born in New Jersey of Scotch-English an- 
cestry'. He was a printer by trade and 
was connected with several of the Indian- 
apolis local newspapers, including the 
Journal. Willard C. Nichols has for over 
forty years l)een in the office of the clerk 
of tht» Tnitcd States Court. 

Clarence W. Nichols was the second of 
three children. He was educated in the In- 
dianapolis public schools, also by private 
tuition, and read law six years. While 
still reading law in 1898 he was appointed 
clerk to the United States attorney, and 
served in that position until 1909. After 
he was admitted to the practice of law he 
was appointed assistant United States dis- 
trict attorney for the District of Indiana, 
and for seven years handled many of the 
federal cases in the courts of this state. 
Since January, 1914, he has conducted a 
successful private practice, his offices being 
in the Lemkc Building. While in the em- 
ploy of the Federal Department of Justice 
he handle<l many important ca.ses and pros- 
ecuted many prominent criminals in the 
Fe<leral Court. lie was an assistant United 
States attnrncv at the time the famous dv- 
nainitc cases were tried. \lv has had a 
generous share of the legal practice in the 
courts of Indianapolis an«l over the state. 

Mr. Ni<'hols is a rcpuhlit-an, active in his 
party, a member of the Indianapolis Bar 
Assoriation. and tlic Episcopal Churt'h. On 
September S, l^!^^. he married .Miss Nellie 
•lolms MeConnev. Thcv are the parents of 
throe »inns : Rowland Willard. born Janu- 
ary 11. 1!*«M). Clannce Portor. }>oni Febru- 
ary >^. l!*ni.>. an.) Bernard (ianliner. born 
I)e«e!nl»»'r 11. ]*M)7k The son Rowland was 
oiH* of tlie ynnn^r»»st volnnteers to iro into 
the army frnin Indianapolis. He was edn- 
^atoij in t1i«' common s<*hools and the Short- 
rid^:»' Hiirli Sehool. and at the outbreak of 



the war with Germany enlisted as a private 
in Batter>' A of the First Indiana Field 
Artillery, afterward mustered into Federal 
service as the One Hundred and Fiftieth 
Artillery, and was attached to the famous 
Forty-Se<rond Division, known as the Rain- 
bow Division. He was with that division 
throughout the war in France and with 
the Army of Occupation in Germany. 

WojJ.vM W.Mj^vGE Leathers, who prac- 
ticed law at Indianapolis from 1860 until 
his untimely death in 1875, gained many 
distinctions in his calling and was a most 
worthy representative of one of Indiana's 
historic families. 

lie was born in Morgan County, Indi- 
ana, September 17, 1836. He grew up on 
the old homestead of his parents in Morgan 
County. So effectively did he use the ad- 
vantages of the common schools that he 
qualified as a teacher in early life, and was' 
one of the earliest educators of Morgan 
County, llis higher education he pursued 
in the old Northwestern Christian Univer- 
sity, now Butler College, at Irvington, In- 
diana. He took the literarv* and law 
courses at the same time, and in 1860 was 
graduated A. B. and LL. B. He at once 
l)egan the practice of law in Indianapolis, 
and quickly gained recognition for his 
sound learning and ability. In 1861 he was 
elected prosecuting attorney of Marion 
County, and filled that office two successive 
terms. The responsibilities of the office 
were all the greater l>ecause of the Civil 
war then in progress. Among his contem- 
poraries he was regarded as an unusually 
keen and resourceful criminal and civil 
lawyer, and was one of the leaders of the 
state l)ar when death rudely interrupted 
his promising career on December 17, 1875, 
at the age of thirty-nine. Members of the 
profession who were asso<»iated with him 
recall his conscientious devoti<m to the law 
as a great and noble profession, and his 
strict observance of professional ethics. In 
l>oIitics he l>egan voting as a democrat, but 
was converted to the republican ranks at 
the time of the war and at one time was 
rhainnan of the Hepublican Central Com- 
mittee of Marion County. 

William \V. Leathers married in 1860 
Miss Marv Wallace. She was a cultured 

« 

woman of beautiful personality, had com- 
pleted her edn«-ation in the Northwestern 
Christian Cniversity, and was a meinl>er of 
a family noted in Indiana for its devotion 



/ 



1274 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



to literature, art and social reform, and 
herself possessed many of the family tal- 
ents. She died at the early a^ of thirty- 
three March 4, 1870. She was a daughter 
of Governor David and Zerelda (Gray) 
Wallace. Governor Wallace by a previous 
marriage was the father of Gen. Lew Wal- 
lace and also of William Wallace. Gov- 
ernor Wallace at the time of his marriage 
to Miss Gray was lieutenant governor of 
Indiana and from 1838 to ISfi) was gov- 
ernor of the state, also served one term in 
Congress and for a time was judge of the 
Court of Common Pleas of Marion Coun- 
ty. Zerelda Gray Wallace, who died in 
1904, is one of the greatest of Indiana 
women. She was one of the pioneers in the 
woman's suffrage cause, equally noted as 
a worker in behalf of temperance, and for 
years she continued as an outspoken advo- 
cate of these reforms, having been heard 
on the public platform in many states and 
was also a regular contributor to the press 
and periodical literature. A more adequate 
sketch of her life and also of Governor 
Davi<l Wallace will be found on other pages 
of this publication. 

Ji'DGE James Madison Leathers, who 
for twelve years was one of the judges of 
the Supyerior Court of Marion County, is 
a son of the late William W. and Mary 
(Wallace) Leathers and through his mother 
is a grandson of Governor David Wallace 
and Zerelda (Gray) Wallace. 

He was bom at Indianapolis August 31, 
1861, and was nine years of age when his 
mother died and fourteen at the time of his 
father's death. On the death of his moth- 
er he was taken into the home of his grand- 
mother Zerol<la Wallace, and in his per- 
sonal i*an^r he owes much to the beautv 

• 

an<l nobility of the character and influence 
of his prainliiiothcr. lie learned his first 
h^ssons at his grandmother's knee, attended 
the public schools at Indianapoli.s. and at 
the age of sixteen, was qualified to enter 
Butler College, the institution which had 
pra<luate<l Initli his father and mother. He 
rernaiiuNl tliere four years, and his student 
reiu>nl vbowe<l a markeil proficiency in mod- 
ern laiijrnajres. in logic, rhetoric, literature 
an«l history. He graduated with honors 
from Hutler f'olletre in 1881, at the age of 
nineteen, being president of the senior 
class. 

So many of his family having achieved 



distinction in the law and public affairs. 
Judge Leathers' choice of any other pro- 
fession would alone have seemed strange. 
He first studied law in the office of his 
uncle, William Wallace, and later under 
William A. Eetcham and Addison C. Har- 
ris, all of them prominent members of the 
Indianapolis bar. In 1883 he graduated 
from the Central Law School of Indianapo- 
lis with the degree LL. B. 
. Judge Leathers began practice at Indi- 
anapolis in the fall of 1884 and in 1885 
entered a partnership with Hon. John W. 
Holtzman under the name Holtzman & 
Leathers. This firm enjoyed a large share 
of the legal business of the Indianapolis 
bar for thirteen years. The partnership 
was terminated in 1^98, when Mr. Leathers 
was elected a judge of the Superior Court 
of Marion County. While it was as a per- 
sonal sacrifice of his material interests that 
he accepted this position, the state and 
county profited in proportion as he yielded 
personal consideration for the benefit of the 
general welfare, and it has been given him 
to uphold and add to the dignity and wel- 
fare of one of the most important courts 
in Indiana. His well known legal attain- 
ments, coupled with his long service as a 
lawj'cr, his fairness, and his conservative 
habits eminently qualified him for his high 
position. 

Since early youth Judge Leathers has 
been a consistent member of the republi- 
can party, and is affiliated with the Marion 
Club, the Columbia Club, and numerous 
other civic and social organizations. His 
religious experience is best told in a paper 
which he prepared and read some years 
ago under the title ** Ideals of Liberal Chris- 
tianity.*' In the course of his address he 
says : * * I was reared in an orthodox church ; 
and it was indeed as liberal and progressive 
as a church could be that assumed to be 
orthodox. In youth I listened to its teach- 
ings: and it would have been a source of 
peace and comfort and happiness if in good 
faith my mind could have yielded assent 
to its essential doctrines. But my reason 
absolutely refused to vield an honest ac- 
ceptance to the creeds of the Orthodox 
faith. If one should become a member of 
a church whose teachings were opposed to 
his convictions and discredited bv his rea- 
son, he would not be true to himself. For 
many years I drifted aimlessly upon the 
sunless sea of agnosticism. I was uncon- 



i 




f^^^^USuASn — • 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1277 



Joshua M. W. Langsdale. Her father was 
a native of Kentucky and came to Indian- 
apolis in the early 'SOs, and for many 
years was prominent in real estate circles. 
He died in 1891 at the age of seventy- 
eight To the marriage of Joseph T. Elli- 
ott and wife were bom three sons and one 
daughter: (Jeorge B., Joseph T. Jr., 
Charles Edgar and Florence. The daugh- 
ter died at the age of three years and nine 
months. The sons George B. and Charles 
Edgar became actively associated with 
their father in the business conducted as 
Joseph T. Elliott & Sons. 

George B. Elliott was born at Indianap- 
olis Februar>' 29. 1868. oldest of the sons of 
Joseph T. Elliott. He was educated in the 
grammar and high schools of Indianapolis 
and his first business experience was ac- 
quired at the age of eighteen as assistant lo- 
cal ticket agent for the Rock Island Railway 
at Kansas City. Missouri. Later he was 
transferred to St Joseph. Missouri, but 
after about a year of railroading he re- 
turned to Indianapolis. Here he went to 
work for Elliott & Butler, the abstract 
firm of which his father was senior partner. 
Mr. Elliott continued to be actively identi- 
fied with the abstract business until 1898. 
in which vear he was elected county clerk 
of Marion County. That office he filled 
with credit and efficiency for four years. 
Ho has loiifiT lieen prominent in local public 
affairs and in 1896 wa.s elected to the 
State lycgislatiirc from Marion County. 
Soon after retiring from the office of clerk 
in January. 1903, he became associated 
with his father in the stock and bond busi- 
ness under the name of Joseph T. Elliott 
& Sons. As stated above Joseph T. Elliott 
& Sons mereecl with forced & Harrison of 
Cincinnati, in 1912. and the corporation of 
Breed. Elliott & Harrison was organized. 
George B. Elliott is one of the vice presi- 
dents of this company. 

Mr. Elliott was one of the early presi- 
dents of the Marion Club and is also a 
member of the Columbia Club. On June 
4. 1902. he married Miss Mary Fitch Sew- 
all, daughter of Elmer E. and Lucy 
( Fitch ^ Sewall, of Indianapoli.s. Two 
children were Iwrn to them. George, who 
died in infancy, and Sewall. bom Aligust 
18. 1905. 



Maj. Gk.v. Joseph J. Reynoijw was 
bom at Flemingsburg. Kentucky. Januar>' 

v«i. Hi— » 



4. 1822. He attended the common schooU 
of that place until his parents removed to 
I^afayette. Indiana, when he entered Wa- 
bash College. Before graduating he was 
appointed to West Point. He graduated 
from the United States Military Academy 
in 1843. in the same class as General Grant, 
and served in the artillery until 1847. when 
he was promoted first lieutenant and ap- 
pointed assistant professor of natural and 
experimental philosophy at West Point. 
He held this position until 1855. when he 
was stationetl in Indian Territorj'. He re- 
signed from the army in 1857 to take the 
chair of mechanical engineering in Wash- 
ington College. St. I^uis. 

In 1860 he returned to Lafayette and 
engaged in business with his brother, but 
on the coming of the Civil war tendered 
his ser\'ices to Governor Morton, and was 
made colonel of the Tenth Indiana Regi- 
ment. He was commissioned brigadier- 
general on .May 10. and served with dis- 
tinction in West Virginia until Januar>\ 
1862. when he was forced to resign by 
bu.Hiness complications at home. After ad- 
justing his businesa affairs, he again ten- 
dered his services, and in September. 1862, 
was again appointed brigadier-general, 
and two months later promoted major gen- 
eral. He served with distinction through 
the war. and at its close was made a colonel 
in the regular army, and assigned to the 
Twenty-sixth Infantry. At the same time 
he was brcvetted brigadier general for 
services at Chattanooga, and major general 
for services at Missionary Ridge. 

From 1867 to 1872 he commanded the 
military district of Ix>uisville and Texas, 
and while in this position was tendered by 
Texas a seat in the United States Senate, 
but decline<l. He was next assigned to the 
Department of the Platte, and continued 
there until his retirement in 1877. He 
died at Washington Citv, Febmarv 26, 
1899. 

Amos N. Foormax. One of the oldest 
families located around the historic Town 
of Eaton in Delaware County is that of 
Foorman. Some of the Foorman family 
were the first officials of the town corpora- 
tion of Eaton. In the surrounding vicin- 
ity they have l)ecn prominent as farmers, 
land owners, capitalists and men of affairs, 
always ready to promote any worthy in- 
dustrial or civic enterprise. 



1278 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



One of them is Amos N. Foorman, who 
has lived in that vicinity over sixty years. 
He was bom in Cass County, Indiana, Jan- 
uary 5, 1849, son of Frederick and Sarah 
(Newcomer) Foorman. In the fall of 
1851, when he was two years old, his par- 
ents moved to Delaware County and set- 
tled in Niles Township, buying 140 acres. 
At that time land could be secured in Del- 
aware County for $1.25 per acre. Fred- 
erick Foorman was a man of much busi- 
ness enterprise and a mechanical genius. 
In early life he had followed the trades 
of millwright and carpenter, and on com- 
ing to Delaware County he erected a saw- 
mill on his land and operated it in addi- 
tion to cultivating the crops. He continued 
milling as long as it was possible. When 
he came to Delaware County there was not 
a single line of railroad in this vicinity of 
Indiana. He experienced many of the 
hardships and inconveniences of an era 
that lacked transportation. An incident of 
his career that might he recalled with profit 
is that in 1852, the year the Bellfontain 
Railroad, now the Big Four, was under con- 
struction through the county he sowed a 
crop of wheat, and when it was harvested 
he sold it in local markets for 37i<» cents 
a bushel. Even then he had to take half 
the pay in store goods. He was a member 
of the Lutheran Church and a stanch Doug- 
las democrat. 

Amos N. Foorman was sixth in a fam- 
ily of ten children, four of whom are still 
living. He had rather meager educational 
opportunities, and was only a boy when he 
seriouslv went to work to make his own 
way. His first experienct was as butcher 
boy in a shop at Eaton, and for some y^ars 
he ilealt rather extensively in cattle and 
was one of the leading shippers from this 
vicinity. He began his farming career as 
owner of eighty acres, and his holdings in- 
creased until he had 600 acres of choice 
land in Delaware County, the value of 
which property today is conservatively es- 
timated at over :f 100,000. S>ome of ' this 
land is in the corporate limits of Eaton. 
Mr. Foorman has kept his individual im- 
provements apace with the rising standard 
of facilities in the agricultural districts of 
Indiana. He and bin family live in a hand- 
some home, where they enjoy practically 
all the conveniences and comforts of city 
dwellers. His house is surrounded by an 
ample lawn, has garden, shade trees and 



practically every want supplied. In his 
garage is a fine motor car that enables 
the family to enjoy distant friends and ac- 
quaintances, and through the use of this 
ear Mr. Foorman gains his most decided 
contrast with past times. There was a day 
not so far back in his recollection when 
it me^nt a day's journey to go and come 
from the county seat, whereas now he can 
drive to Muncie and back in a couple of 
hours. Mr. Foorman has used his means 
and opportunities to upbuild his home 
town, erected the principal hotel of the vil- 
lage, and owns considerable other improved 
real estate. He was one of the founders 
and organizers of the old Eaton glass fac- 
tory, which was one of the important in- 
stitutions of Eaton in the days of natural 
gas. He is also a large stockholder in the 
Farmers State Bank of Eaton. 

The Foorman family have long been 
identified with the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and he has given liberaUy to 
church causes. Mr. Foorman began voting 
as a democrat, but after the nomination 
of Horace Greeley in 1872 he changed his 
allegiance to the republican party and has 
been active in support of its principles. 

His first wife was Estelle Bundy, who 
lived only five months after their marriage. 
Later he married Miss Catherine Bowsman. 
They had two living children, Onie Maud 
and Frank B. Frank now owns 240 acres 
and is one of the leading farmers of Niles 
Township. 

il. V. McGnxiARD— Indianapolis Boys' 
Club. As an institution is but the length* 
ened shadow of a man, it is singularly ap- 
propriate to link the name of M. V. McGil- 
liard with one of Indianapolis' best insti- 
tutions, the Indianapolis Boys' Club. Mr. 
McGilliard was founder of that club, and 
of all the experiences and achievements of 
a long life surely none could furnish him 
more enduring satisfaction than this one 
work. 

Mr. McGilliard has been a resident of 
Indianapolis for half a century. He has 
always been interested in church and gen- 
eral philanthropy, but it was one of the 
small incidents of every day life that turned 
his eflforts into a new channel and brought 
about the founding of the Boys' Club. 
During the political campaign of 1891 he 
one day made a speech, at the re<iuest of 
republican headquarters, before a gather- 



INDIANA AND INDIAXAXS 



1279 



ing of business men on Pearl Street, After 
the meeting adjourned he went around to 
the postofflce and on the way passed a small 
group of newslwys and bootblacks on Penn- 
sylvania Street. He had seen the same 
hoys or boys of their type many times 
before, but for some reason the sight of 
thi'se street children, the condition of 
their clothing, their dirty feet and faces, 
produced such an impression that he did 
not shake it off throughout the entire day 
and the following night he remained awake 
for hours. After midnight he got up and 
sat in a chair by the window, and pon- 
dered over the entire problem of the appar- 
ent inade<|uacy of schools, churches and 
other public organizations for doing all that 
was demanded in behalf of the poor and 
neglected, and those without normal op- 
portunities. It was the same <|ue8tion that 
recurs again and again to ever>' consc»ien- 
tious man, no matter what his affiliations 
or success in life, and like many others who 
had pondereil the problem Mr. McGilliard 
had to confess that in spite of all his ac- 
tive co-operation with churches and benevo- 
lent institutions, his efforts fell far short 
of an ideal realization of benefits. 

There finally came into his mind what he 
had read or heard concerning l>oys* clubs 
and new8l>oy8' homes organized and main- 
tained in other cities. To carry out some 
definite and practical plan of the same na- 
ture in Indianapolis seemed to him an ur- 
gent and a vital necessity. The next day 
he callcil an informal meeting of business 
rnen, including among others T. C, Day, E. 
G. Conielius, C'ol. Eli Ritter and Charles 
E. Reynolds. They were in conference for 
several hours, and' each man expressed a 
willingness to lend co-operation in the or- 
ganization of a ncw8l>oy8* home. pn)vided 
Mr. McGilliard would take the initiative 
and the entire management of the enter- 
prise, even to the furnishing and ecjuipping 
of the property necessar>' for such a home, 
and looking after the personnel of the 
management. The meeting also commis- 
sioned him to go to Chicago and make prop- 
er investigations preparatory to carrying 
out the plan. Mr. McGilliard made this 
journey to Chicago at his own expense, 
and had a long interview with the presi- 
d»»nt and superintendent of the Newsboys' 
Home in that city. While there it was rec- 
ommended that he should secure as super- 
intendent of the home at Indianapolis^ pro- 



vided it was established, Mr. Norwood, one 
of the workers in the Chicago Home. Af- 
ter these preliminary steps and investiga- 
tions, the consummation of the project at 
Indianapolis was not long delayed. The 
Hoys' Home was organized, with the above 
named gentlemen as directors, with Mr. 
McGilliard as president, and with Mr. Nor- 
wood as superintendent. A large, two- 
story brick residence on North Alabama 
Street. l)etwet»n Ohio and New York streets, 
was leased for a term of years. The ma- 
tron selected was Mrs. Harding of Indian- 
apolis. 

Six or eight mtmths later Mr. McGilliard 
realized that his plan was not working out 
all the rt'sults and benefits he had expected. 
The vital defe<*t seemed to be that the 
Home was an institution, a public charity^ 
and its privileges of lodging, food and rec- 
reation were not being taken advantage of 
by those most worthy and self respecting^ 
while the Home was being gradually filled 
with tramp boys from this and other cities. 

About this time Mr. McGilliard met Miss 
Mary Dickson, who under the direction of 
one of the city's noble citizens, Mr. George 
Merritt. proprietor of the woolen mills, had 
formed a class of boys and was teaching 
them in a night school. After a series of 
consultations with Miss Dickson Mr. McGil- 
liard brought about a combination of her 
class with his own organization, forming 
what was thereafter and has continued to 
be known as the Boys' Club of Indianap- 
olis. In this re-organization the features 
of a club were emphasized and those of a 
home or charitable institution were elim- 
inated as far as possible. About 100 bo3rs 
went on the roll as original members of 
the club. Through the advice of Mr. Me- 
Gilliard Miss Dickson became superintend- 
ent of the new organization. The head- 
quarters were in a building on Court Street, 
ver>* close to the place where Mh McGil- 
liard had stumbleil over the bootblacks and 
newsboys and received his first inspiration 
to the enterprise. The first floor of this 
building was fitted up as a gA'mnasium and 
the second floor as a reading room, and 
rooms for various recreations. Some light 
provisions were served to the boys at about 
cost, but there was little or nothing to sug- 
gest the idea of charity to the participating- 
members. The club was successful from 
the ver>* start, and has since grown into an 
organization of which ever>' Indianapolis 



1280 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



citizen is proud. In the fall of 1894, on 
account of the illness of her brother, Miss 
Dickson resigned, but Mr. McOilliard was 
fortunate in securing to take her place the 
services of Miss Alice Oraydon, who proved 
to be one of the most competent and effi- 
cient workers in boys' work Indianapolis 
has ever had. After several years with the 
club Miss Graydon was selected to be 
assistant to Judge Stubbs in the Juvenile 
Court. 

As will be noted, the founding of this 
club was almost coincident with the incep- 
ti(Mi of one of the greatest financial pan- 
ics the United States has ever known. His 
individual resources and the time he could 
spare from his own business became so lim- 
ited that Mr. MeGilliard had to seek other 
services and financial help in order to main- 
tain the club. At that juncture came a 
happy surprise in the form of a gift of 
$1,000 from Mrs. John C. Wright, and that 
sum was really the salvation of the club. 
Abou^ 1894 or 1895 Mrs. John C. Butler, 
widow of a former prominent attorney of 
Indianapolis, gave the club a gift of $10,000 
in the name of her son, who had been a 
cripple for a number of years before his 
death. This handsome donation enabled 
the club to purchase a two-story brick 
building at the comer of South Meridian 
Street and Madison Avenue. That has 
since been the home of the club. The 
building was fitted up with a large g>'m- 
nasiurri, reading room and school room, and 
here are the main offices and gymnasium 
and school room of the Boys' Club, while 
the Lauter Memorial Building and Oym- 
nasium and the George W. Stubbs Memo- 
rial Building in different parts of the city 
are larger and better buildings, and all 
owned and used by the Boys' Club. 

The Indianapolis Boys' Club is the larg- 
est and most notable bo>'s' club in the 
rnite<l States. It has property valued at 
over $100,000 and its officers and directors 
are drawn from some of the most distin- 
guished of Indianapolis citizens. Its super- 
intendent, Mr. Walter Jarvis, is probably 
the l>eHt e<iuipped man in the countr>' for 
that spe<'ial line of work. As the founder of 
the club and its first president. Mr. Mc- 
(lilliani is now an honorary- life trustee. 

After the permanent home was acquired 
and equipped Miss Graydon proposed the 
idea of a Mothers' Club to work in con- 
nei'tion with the Bovs' Club. This Moth- 



ers' Club has been hardly secondary in 
importance as a source of invaluable serv- 
ice to the community. Mrs. Elizabeth 
Lloyd McOilliard was selected as the first 
president of the Mothers' Club and she re- 
mained very active and untiring in time 
and devotion to that field of work until 
ill health caused Mr. McOilliard to accom- 
pany her to another part of this fair land. 

M. V. McOilliard was bom in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, in 1842, a son of John S. and Abigail 
(Preston) McOilliard. The McOilliard fam- 
ily is of French Hogenot origin. In 
France the name was spelled Oilliard. Af- 
ter the persecution of the Hugenots the 
Oilliards left France and went to Scotland, 
where during several generations of resi- 
dence they acquired Uie familiar Scotch 
prefix. 

When Mr. McOilliard was eight years of 
age his parents moved in 1850 to Liberty, 
Indiana, and in 1858 established their home 
at Kewanee, Illinois. In those communi- 
ties M. V. MeGilliard was reared and ed- 
ucated, and in 1863, at the age of twenty- 
two enlisted as a private in Company H of 
the One Hundred and Thirty-Fourth Illi- 
nois Infantry. He saw upwards of one 
year of active service, participating in cam- 
paigns in Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri 
and Arkansas. As participant in a war in 
which freedom was a conspicuous factor, 
he is significantly an interested witness in 
the present great struggle, where the all 
dominant issue is a new freedom and new 
ideals of democracy. 

At the close of the war Mr. McOilliard 
entered the fire insurance business, and 
soon afterward located at Indianapolis as 
special agent for an insurance company. 
He has been a resident of this city ever 
since with the exception of the four years 
from 1902 to 1906 when he had his offices 
and headquarters at Sioux Falls, South 
Dakota. He is a special agent and adjust- 
er, of fire insurance, and that service, con- 
tinued for fifty-three years, makes him 
one of the oldest men in fire insurance cir- 
cles in the country. During his residence 
in South Dakota he was president of the 
State Sunday School Association, and at 
no time in his mature life has he ever 
failed to keep up a keen interest in church 
and Sunday school work. 

At Indianapolis he has ser\'e<l as elder of 
the Memorial and Tabernacle Presbyterian 
Churches and in fact has assisted in or- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1281 



ganizing four different churches of that de- 
nomination in Indianapolis. He was prac- 
tically the founder of the Tabernacle 
Church which was oriranized in his home. 
He has been a leader in extending Sunday 
school influence, conducting mission Sun- 
day schools and otherwise workinf^ as a 
pioneer in that field. He was superintend- 
ent of the East Washington Street Mission 
of the Presbyterian Church, of the West 
Washington Street Mission, now known as 
the Mount Jackson Methodist Church, and 
in this work and related interests he has 
always had a close and devoted associate in 
Mrs, McOilliard and latterly in their 
daughter. Mr. McGilliard is also associated 
with the Masonic Order, the Grand Army 
of the Republic and the First Presbyterian 
Church. 

Mrs. McGilliard before her marriage was 
Miss Elisabeth Lloyd. She is also a native 
of Cincinnati. The only daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. McGilliard is Edna M., wife of 
Dr. Wilmer P. Christian, brief reference 
to whom will be found on other pages as 
one of the leading phN'sicians of Indian- 
apolis. Mrs. Christian, like her mother, is 
a leader in philanthropic and welfare 
work. Espe<*ially within the last year or 
Ro 8he has l)ei»oine prominent in Red Cross 
and other fonns of war activities. Her 
interests and efforts have been especially 
anniseil and enliKt(><l in looking after the 
welfare of those thousands of young women 
who are now employed in the industries, 
manv of them a.H substitutes for men called 
to the front. Mrs. Christian is slso a 
leader in the Women's Franchise liCague 
of Indiana* being president of the Indian- 
apolis branch of the same. 

Or.\nge O. Pfaff. M. D., F. A. C. S. Of 
Indiana men who have achieved national 
distinction in the field of surgery, there is 
perha|)s none whose attainments have had 
a wider and more beneficent influence upon 
the profession at large than Dr. Orange 
0. Pfaff of Indianapolis. 

He was bom at Westfield in Hamilton 
County, Indiana, April 2H, 1857. His an- 
I'estrA* is interesting. He is descendeil from 
Peter Pfaff, a Moravisn who came from his 
native land to North Carolina in 1741. He 
was one of the founders of the Moravian 
Church and community in Forsythe Coun- 
ty. th«» activities of which centere<l around 
Salem, now a part of the modem industrial 



^ 



city of Winston-Salem. The community 
where the Pfaff family settled, about twelye 
miles west of Salem, became known as 
Pfaff town. The Moravians have always 
been the chief religious and social influence 
of that section of North Carolina, and they 
established at Salem a school that yet re- 
mains one of the most notable educational 
institutions in America. 

DoctOT^faff is a son of Dr. Jv?b L. 
and Jane (Walt) Pfaff. Hia tiih» was 
bora at Pfafftown «k North Carolina and 
came to Indiana in the late '30sf)locating 
first at Mooresville in Morgan County and 
later removing to Westfield in Hamilton 
County. He was a pioneer physician in 
those localities. He died in 1859. Orange 
G. Pfaff came to Indianapolis with a mar- 
ried sister, Mrs. George Davis, whose hus- 
band was a wholesale shoe dealer here. He 
was then six years of age, and practically 
all his life has l)een spent in the capitid 
city. The Pfaff home in former years was 
on Penn.sylvania Street between Market 
and W\ashington, where the When depart- 
ment Ktore now stands, in the heart of 
the business district^ / , .-:/ 
.^ Doctor Pfaff receiY£ams preliminsry-ed- 
uuatiiin in jtbe public schools and high 
school.' Tfi« studied medicine in the Indiana ^ ^ 
Medical (^ollrge, graduating M. D. in 1882^ 
After a year or two of hospital work he 
engaged in general practice. He has taken '^'^ 
post-graduate work in New York and tttiS&' - ^ -..^ s 
rniversity of Bef4Hi, and in 1907 Wabash. 
College honored him with the degree A. M^^ 2- ^ ' 
About 1903 he discontinued general prac- 
tice to engage in surgery exclusively. He i / ^ 
has been a specialist in g>'necologicah Sur- 
gery, and in that field has achieved well 
earned distinction and is honored by the 
profession throughout the countrv. 

During 1882-84 Do<»tor Pfaff was resi- 
dent physician of the Marion County In- 
firmary. He has long been identified with 
the faculty of the Indiana Cniversity 
School of Medicine, lecturer and clinical 
professor of Gynecologv', 1890-91. and pro- 
fessor of g>'necolog>' since 1892. He still 
holds this chair. lie is g>'nefolopist for 
the Indiana{>olis City Hospital and St. 
Vincent's Hospital. . 

Doctor Pfaff is a member of the Indian- 
apolis and Indiana State Medical so4*ietie8, 
the Mis,s'ssiT>pi Vallcv Medical Society, the 
American Medical As-s^wiarion. the Ameri- 
can Association of Olwtctricians and Gvne- 



1282 



INDIANA AND INDUNANS 



cologists, and ia a Fellow of the American 

U f College of Surgeons. He was president of 

_^, the Indianapolis Medical Society in 1907^ 

Doctor Pfaff is a republican, a member o£ 

_the Phi Chi college fratern^ty^and belongs 

. to the University, Colmnhm and Country 

/ clubs. 4^^ MA^ ^i^^^^'^^'^^^A 

He waaa nv^ber of the old Medical Re- 
serve Co^s of the United States army, in 
(/ ' which he held a commission. When the 
war started between the United States and 
Germany in April, 1917, he was one of the 
first surgeons to receive the commission of 
major and for several months was actively 
engaged in the work of Base Hospital No. 
32 at Fort Benjamin Harrison. 

November 25, 1885, Doctor Pfaff married 
Mary A. Alvey, of Indianapolis, daugh- 
ter of Jamos H. Alvey. They have a son, 
Dudley A. Pfaff, a young man of exception- 
ally brilliant promise. He was educated 
in the famous Hill Preparatory School at 
Pottstown, Pennsylvania, for five years, 
also in Yale University, has done special 
work in Indiana University and is a mem- 
ber of the class of 1020 in Harvard Medi- 
cal College. Doctor and Mrs. Pfaff re- 
side at 1221 North Pennsylvania Street. 

D.wiD E. W.vTSON. The law has claimed 
the energies and talents of David E. Wat- 
son for a full (|uarter of a centurj-, and as 
a lawyer he is well known over his native 
state. Mr. Watson for several years has 
been located at Indianapolis, where he is 
legal counsel and trial lawyer for the Indi- 
anapolis Traction & Terminal Company. 
His oflfi<'es are in the Traction Terminal 
Building. 

He was born at Eminence in Morgan 
County. Indiana. February 4. 1870. a son 
of John and Belle (Brazier) Watson. His 
father was born on a farm in the same 
county in 1842. His grandfather, Simon 
Watson, was an early settler in Morgan 
County, IcK'ating there in 1836 and taking 
up land for which he secured a patent from 
the (foveniment I^nd Office. He improved 
this land to some extent and then traded 
for another farm adjoining. He lived there 
until his death at the ripe age of eighty- 
seven in 1895. He had a large family of 
eleven children, nine sons and two daugh- 
ters, and seven of the sons and one of the 
daughters are still living. Simon Watson 
was a fine tj'pe of the pioneer Indiana 
citizen, a devout Baptist, a democrat in 



politics, and a member of the Masonic 
Lodge at Eminence. 

John Watson, who was second oldest of 
his father's children, had a common school 
education and was one of the boy soldiers 
of the Union army. He enlisted in 1861 
in the Fifty-Ninth Indiana Infantry and 
was in service three years and eight months. 
He fought at Shiloh and in many of the 
campaigns led by General Grant in the Mis- 
sissippi Valley until 1864. For a time he 
was an orderly. He received his hon- 
orable discharge in 1865, and returning to 
Morgan County took up the trade of house 
painter, which he followed at Eminence 
and in the surrounding district for a num.- 
ber of years. Later he engaged in the hotel 
business, and kept hotel at Eminence until 
1910. He is retired at the age of seventy- 
six. He has always been active in the in- 
terests of the democratic party and is affil- 
iated with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. He and his wife had four chil- 
dren. 

The only surviving child is David E. 
Watson, who grew up in Morgan County 
and attended the grammar and high schools 
there. Later he entered DePauw Univer- 
sity at Greencastle, where he first took the 
teachers' course and in 1892 graduated 
from the law department with the degree 
LL. B. ilr. Watson practiced at Green- 
castle from 1892 until 1896, and then re- 
moved to Martinsville, where he accumu- 
lated a large clientage and was busily and 
successfully engaged until July, 1912. At 
that time his duties as attorney for the 
Indianapolis Traction & Terminal Com- 
pany brought him to Indianapolis, where 
he has since had his home. Mr. Watson is 
affiliated with the Masonic Order, Modern 
Woodmen of America, and bestows his 
franohi.se with the democratic partv. Sep- 
tember 25, 1893, he married Mi.ss Effie 
Foster. 

Jacob TAYiiOR Wright was one of the 
distinctively useful and prominent citizens 
of Indianapolis during the last century. 
He represented the pioneer element, was a 
leader in the Quaker Church, and for many 
years had an influential part in local and 
state politics. 

He was bom at Cincinnati. Ohio, in 1816, 
son of Joel and Elizabeth (Taylor) Wright. 
He was a descendant of William Wright, 
who fought at the battle of the Boyne in 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1283 



1690 with King William's army, was 
knighted for bravery, and given a grant of 
land in Ireland. Ilis grandfather, Jona- 
than Wright, settled in Philadelphia and 
afterwards near EUieott's Mills in Mar>'- 
land. He was a millwright by trade. He 
finally went to Cincinnati, and established 
the tirst Quaker Church in that city and 
was one of its pastors. 

When Jacob Taylor Wright was a child 
his parents moved to Fayette County, In- 
diana, where his father was a Government 
surveyor. During his youth he learned 
the trade of millwright, and at the age of 
twenty-one left the farm to establish a mill 
at South Richmond. On the invitation of 
Robert Underbill he finally came to Indi- 
anapolis to take charge of the foundry and 
flour mill here. He became prominent in 
local industries, establishing the first roll- 
ing mill at Indianapolis, known as the Indi- 
anapolis Rolling Mills. I>ater he was in 
the real estate business* and he built a num- 
ber of houses in this city. Mr. Wright re- 
tired from business in 1873, and the next 
five years he livetl in Kansas, giving his 
leisurely attention to a sheep ranch. He 
then returned to Indianapolis, and was re- 
tired until his death in 1879. 

In 1861 Mr. Wright was called from the 
operation of the mill and foundry to the 
dutit^s of public office, being elected audi- 
tor of Marion County. He held that office 
two successive terms, l>eing elected on the 
republican ticket. During the war he was 
also chainnan of the State Central Com- 
nfittee. He was one of (Jovemor Morton's 
most active and useful lieutenants in rais- 
ing funds and recruiting men during the 
early days of the war. He also had a per- 
sonal ac<|uaintance with President Lincoln. 
It was largely through Mr. Wright's un- 
tiring efforts that Governor Morton was 
finally sent to the United States Senate. 
Mr. Wright stood high among his fellow 
citizens, was a recognized leader in power 
and capabilities, and yet during his youth 
he had a ver>' meager common school edu- 
cation. Much of his knowledge was ab- 
sorlnnl in the home librarj* which his moth- 
er had gathered together. In the early 
davs it was customarv* for the people of the 
neighborhood to come into the Wright home 
and read. 

Jacob Taylor Wright married for his 
first wife Matilda BuUcr, of Fayette Coun- 
ty. Indiana. Her people came originally 



from Lynchburg, Virginia. She died soon 
after removing to Indianapolis. Her chil- 
dren were Benjamin C. and Granville 8. 
In 1861 Mr. Wright married Sallie Anne 
Tomlinson, who was bom in 1828 on a farm 
south of Indianapolis. Mrs. Wright, who 
is still living, is doubtless one of the very 
oldest natives of Marion County, and the 
City of Indianapolis had been established 
only two or three years before her birth. 
She is now living with her only daughter, 
Anna M. Wright, at 4150 Central Avenue. 

Alva Charles Sallee has been the 
means of giving a great deal more pub- 
licitv to other men and to institutions than 
to himself. He is by training and experi- 
ence and by profession a publicity expert, 
and has long and active experience as an 
advertising man. Much of his work has 
been done in the realm of politics, and for 
fifteen years he has been a figure in the 
Indiana democratic party. 

Mr. Sallee was bom at one of the most 
interesting old towns of Southern Indiana, 
Carlisle, Sullivan County. His life be- 
gan there in 1881. His parents, William 
II. and Rebecca (Ford) Sallee, are both 
now decease<l. His paternal grandfather 
was a native of France, and on coming to 
America first located in Illinois and after- 
wanls moved to Sullivan County, which 
was primarily a French settlement, though 
vcr>' few of that original stock still re- 
main there. 

Alva Charles Sallee was eleven years old 
when his father died. That loss undoubt- 
edly had much to do with his subsequent 
experiences. In fact it threw him upon his 
own resources, and the possibilities and op- 
portunities of success and service he has 
earne<l one bv one. He educated himself 
and after he was twelve years of age re- 
moved from Carlisle to Evansville, attend- 
ing public school and commercial college 
there. His business career began at Ev- 
ansville as a stenographer with a local man- 
ufacturing concem, and during the four 
years' connection with this firm he took up 
the study of advertising. He moved to 
Indianapolis in 1902 and became interested 
in newspaper and publicity work, serving 
as special correspondent for Chicago, LouLs- 
ville and Indianapolis papers. 

It was his abilities in this field which 
brought him into touch with Mr. Thomas 
Taggart, who had just come into posses- 



1284 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



sion of the great French Lick Springs Ho- 
tel and associated properties. Mr. Sallee 
had considerable to do with the early pub- 
licity methods which brought these prop- 
erties to nation wide appreciation having 
assisted in devising and preparing the orig- 
inal literature and general publicity tech- 
nic. Mr. Taggart made a new use of Mr. 
Sallee 's services as his secretary, and in 
that capacity many arduous duties were 
assigned to him during the presidential 
campaign of 1904, when Mr. Taggart was 
national chairman. He has been more or 
less associated with this great democratic 
leader and organizer since that time, and 
his own entry into politics and campaign 
management is largely due to that associa- 
tion. 

Since 1911 Mr. Sallee 's home has been in 
Indianapolis. Here he has c(Miducted a suc- 
cessful advertising and mail order business. 
He was assistant secretary to the Demo- 
cratic National Committee in 1908 and has 
served as secretary' to the Indiana Demo- 
cratic State Committee for three consecu- 
tive terms, having been chosen first in 
1914 and re-elected ag:ain in 1916 and 1918. 
Mr. Sallee is also chairman of the Seventh 
Congressional District Committee. 

Mr. Sallee married in 1905 Miss Mabel 
I^tt, of Evansville. He is a member of 
the Masonic order, the Elks, the Indiana 
Democratic Club, Indianapolis Athletic 
Club and other civitf and social organiza- 
tions. 

Rt. Rev. John IIazen White. D. D., 
whose episcopal rosidenee is at South 
Bend, is the Fourth Bishop of Indiana 
and the First Bishop of Northern Indiana, 
and has given over forty years of his life 
to the conse<Tate<l service of the Protestant 
Epi8<»opal Churfh and the cause of hu- 
man it v. 

While the recorti of his rareer is an 
impressive one in itself, it also stands as 
evidence of the sturdy qualities of the old 
Ameri<*an stock. Bishop White is in the 
ninth ffeneration of the White family in 
America, and it is fitting that some record 
of thf other ^fenerations should precede the 
story of his own life. 

He is a direct descendant from William 
and Marv White. Trailition says that 
William White <anie from (^ounty Norfolk. 
Eneland. He was born in England in 1610 
and landwi at Ipswich. Massachusetts, in 



1635. In that year the (Jeneral Court or- 
dered the bounds of Ipswich and Quasa- 
cunquin (now Newbury) to be laid out 
when some of the chief people of Ipswich 
desired to leave to remove to Quasacun- 
quin to begin a settlement This petition 
was granted them. Among those who re- 
moved to Newbury were Rev. Thomas 
Parker, Nicholas Noyes, Henry Sewell, 
William White, William Moody and Rich- 
ard Kent. In 1640 William White moved 
to Haverhill, where he was one of the first 
settlers and one of the grantees of the 
Indian deed of Haverhill dated Novem- 
ber 15, 1642, which instrument was, it is 
said, both written and witnessed by him. 
He acquired a large estate there and the 
Haverhill town records show that he held 
a very respectable position among the early 
settlers. He died in 1690. 

His only child was John White, bom 
about 1639 and died at Haverhill at the 
age of twenty-nine. He married Hannah 
French of Salem. 

Their only child, also named John 
White, was bom in 1663-4 and died in 
1727. He was a man of much consequence 
both in civil and military affairs of the 
colony and as a merchant and land owner. 
He married Lydia Oilman, daughter of 
Hon. John Oilman of Exeter, New Hamp- 
shire, and granddaughter of Edward Oil- 
man, who came from Norfolk, England, 
and settled first at Hingham and later at 
Ipswich. 

The fourth generation was represented 
by Deacon William White, bom in 1693-4 
and died in 1737. He was a clothier at 
Haverhill, was also a captain and justice 
of the peace, and is said to have planted the 
first potato crop in that town. He married 
Sarah Phillips, daughter of Samuel and 
Mar>' (Emerson) Phillips of Salem, a 
(rranddaughter of Rev. Samuel Phillips of 
Rowley and great-firranddaughter of Rev. 
Oeorpe Phillips of Watertown. 

In the fifth generation was John White, 
who married Mir- am (Hovt) Hazen and 
both live<l at IIa\..hill. Massachusetts. A 
son of this couple was Maj. Moses White of 
Rutland, who for si*veral vears was a clerk 
in the store of Joseph Ha/en of Haverhill, 
the father of his mother's first husband. 
At the age of twenty he entered the army 
and l>eoame the aide of Gen. Moses Hazen 
and ser\'e<i through the Revolutionary war 
with untarnished character. He married 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1287 



affairs, landscape gardening, and many 
other departments connecteil with the 
Southern Hospital, and that institution as 
it stands today is in many respects a mon- 
ument to his vigilence and public spirit. 
He served his full six years legal limit as 
a nu'ml)er of the board, and after he re- 
tired he was again and again called into 
consultation by the meml)er8 of various 
suiTceding boards. 

A lawyer by training and profession, Mr. 
Blue was }K>ssesKed of a wonderful busi- 
ness judgment that gave him first rank as 
a business lawyer in his home state, and he 
was frequently entrusted and enjoyed the 
(H»mplete confidence of men of wealth and 
leadership in corporate and other business 
affairs. Though always very active, he 
was by nature una.ssuming and his best 
(jualities were appreciated by a limited 
circle of close and admiring friends. He 
is rememl)ered as a splendid storj- teller 
and he showed a keen interest in the success 
of young men struggling, as he had done, 
to attain the first rungs on the ladder of 
success. His l>enevolences were many. At 
Indianapolis he was a meml)er of the First 
Presb\-terian Church, of the Cham!)er of 
Commerce, the DemfXTatic Club, and frat- 
eniaily was a Knight Templar Mason and 
a Knight of Pythias. 

On September 18, 18fK), Mr. Blue mar- 
ried Lulu Isabel Thompson, daughter of 
Dr. Peter Sperry and Lydia Isabel 
(Rankin) Thompson. Her father was a 
i>ativc of Virginia and her mother of North 
Can^lina. Her parents married in Mississ- 
ippi, and while the Civil war was still in 
progress they came to Indiana. Mrs. Blue 
was one of seven children, only two of 
whom sun-ive. Mrs. Blue resides at 1801 
North Meridian Street in Indianapolis. 
She is the mother of one child, Laura Mae, 
a graduate of Smith College. 

John T. Beeson is senior partner of 
Beeson & Son, real estate, loans and in- 
surance, with a large and complete organi- 
zax'um for handling these lines of business 
in Newcastle. 

Mr. Beeson is a man of wide experience 
antl of diversified knowledge of the coun- 
try. He was born at Bloomingsport in 
Randolph County, Indiana. June 23. 1879. 
son of Isaac M. and Martha E. (Bales) 
Beeson. He is of Scotch-Irish ancestrv, 
and his first forefathers in America settled 



in North Carolina in colonial days. He is 
also cf Quaker stock. His father was a 
men'hant, and in the store John T. Beeson 
acquired his first knowledge of business 
affairs. He attended public school to the 
age of fourteen, and after leaving his 
father 8 service he went to work at Lynn, 
Indiana, as clerk for S. C. Bowen at four 
dollars and a half a week. He was with 
Bowen six years and his wages at the end 
amounted to ten dollars and a half a week. 
Mr. Beeson married Mary A. Longfellow, 
daughter of James and Elizabeth (Thorn) 
Longfellow. On account of his wife's fail- 
ing health Mr. Beeson moved west to Can- 
yon City. Colorado, worked V/n years with 
the Galley Shoe Store and Vn years with 
Baker and Biggs, becoming manager and 
buyer of the latter establishment. After 
three years in the invigorating climate of 
Colorado Mr. Beeson returned to Rich- 
mond. Indiana, spent one year with a shoe 
company, then entered the service of the 
Prudential Insurance Company, and for 
three years was located at Winchester, 
Indiana, as buyer and manager in the shoe 
department of the W. E. Miller Company. 

Sir. Beeson came to Newcastle in 1915, 
and for a brief time was conne<»ted with the 
Elwood Lawson shoe store, then for a short 
time was with the Burgess Realty Com- 
pany, and formed the partnership of Rat- 
cliffe & Beeson to engage in the real estate 
business. Six months later he sold his 
interests there and since then has been in 
business for himself with offices at first 
over the Farmers Bank and for the past 
year and a half in the New Burr Building. 
He handles real estate of all kinds, makes 
loans, and does a large insurance brokerage 
business. 

Mr. and Mrs. Beeson have three chil- 
dren: Basil Earl, bom in 1899, Gladys, 
born in 1902. and Robert Neravan, born in 
1907. The son Basil Earl graduated from 
Newcastle High School in 1918. and on 
June 28, 1918. joined the Coast Artillery 
at Jefl^erson Barracks, Mis.souri, l>eing a 
member of Batter>' A, Thirty-fourth Regi- 
ment. He is also the son in the company 
name. Beeson & Son, and his father keeps 
his share of the business intact while be 
is awav in the arm v. The son is affiliated 
with the Kappa Alpha Phi, is an active 
member of the Christian Church and 
organized the Bible Class in that church. 
Mr. Beeson is a republican in polities, and 



1288 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



is one of the straightforward and energetic 
citizens of Newcastle. 

John Fee has been a business man at 
Eokomo for a long term of years, and is 
now head of the firm John Fee & Son, pro- 
prietors of the City Feed Store at 48 
Union Street. 

Mr. Fee is a native Indianan, bom in 
Marion County September 21, 1856, son of 
David Fee and Nancy Kate Fee. His 
father, a native of Ohio, grew up and 
married there, and on coming to Indiana 
first located on a farm two. miles east of 
Castleton in Marion County, and a short 
time later on another farm in the same 
county. Later he moved to Howard 
County, and bought a farm and spent the 
rest of his life in cultivating his acres and 
in producing abundant crops. He was an 
entnusiastic agriculturist, knew the busi- 
ness thoroughly, and through it rendered 
his best service to the world and provided 
for his family. Of his five children four 
are living John being the youngest. 

The latter while living on and helping 
on the farm also worked in a saw mill, 
and had eleven years of practical training 
and experience in that line before he 
reached his majority. He then entered the 
ice business at Kokomo as an employe of 
J. W. Jones, and was with him six years. 
He then went into business for himself, 
establishing in 1884 what was known as 
the **Centenniel Feed Yard." He was the 
head of that enterprise until 1902. when 
he enlarged his business and removed it 
to his present location, and is now handling 
a general line of feed, flour, poultry and 
pro<luce, his establishment being one of 
the chief concerns of its kind in Howard 
County. 

Mr. Fee is an Odd Fellow and a member 
of the Modem Woodmen of America. He 
marrie<l Miss Isa belle Heaton. Thev have 
three sons: I^ewis Fred, se<*retary and 
treasurer of the Kokomo Supply Company, 
^^^llard D. and A. C. Fee. 

Nathan Speier. In the field of mer- 
chandising as in other lines many are calleil 
but few are chosen to positions of leader- 
ship and real success. Most of the men 
who oall thpm«ielvps morrhaiits aro really 

• 

storekeepers. Of the Indiana men concern- 
ing whom there is no doubt or hesitation as 
to their appropriate classification as mer- 



chants one is Mr. Nathan Speier, part 
owner and general manager of the Fair 
Department Store, the largest business of 
its kind at Anderson. 

Mr. Speier has the qualifications and the 
training that make the real merchant. He 
is still a comparatively young man, having 
been bom in Bavaria, (Jermany, in 1876, 
a son of Barnard and Fanny (Strauss) 
Speier. In his native country he attended 
the country schools and also had two years 
of instruction in what would correspond to 
a college in this country. At the age of 
eighteen he set out for America, and soon 
went to work for his uncle, Mr. Strauss, 
in a dry g^oods store at Columbus, Indiana. 
He was not merely a routine worker but 
showed an active intelligence that enabled 
him to grasp and master all the details and 
technicalities of the retail trade. He learned 
the business thoroughly and spent long 
hours working at it It was an apprentice- 
ship that has had much to do with his sub- 
sequent success. 

During 1898-99 Mr. Speier spent a year 
in a completely new and strange field of 
enterprise in Nicaragua, Central America, 
at Cape Oracios. His partner there was 
Richard Lehman. They conducted a trad- 
ing station and had a good business out- 
look, but the climate was detrimental to 
Mr. Speier 's health and at the end of a 
year he returned to Columbus, Indiana, 
and re-entered the service of his former 
employer, this time as assistant manager. 
Mr. Strauss had in the meantime estab- 
lished several branch stores and Mr. Speier 
traveled about supervising their manage- 
ment. This work, continued until 1903, 
brought him a broader outlook in mercan- 
tile affairs, and having in the meantime ac- 
quired an interest in a business at Sey- 
mour, Indiana, he located there in 1903 
and took active management of what was 
known as the Gold Mine Dry Goods Com- 
pany. He built up a large and prosper- 
ous concern, and still retains his interest, 
though since March, 1915, he has lived at 
Anderson. He came to Anderson to take 
charge of the new store known as the Lion 
Store, but soon changed the name to the 
Fair and when the business was incorpo- 
rated he became 8e<»retar\' and trea,surer 
and general manager. This is a real de- 
partment store, and carries a magnificent 
stock of goo<ls of all kinds and its custom- 
ers are by no means confined to the city 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1289 



of Anderson. Many of the d&ily patrons of 
the Rtore come from distiuices ranging from 
ten to twenty-five miles. 

On January 17, 1912, Mr. Speier mar- 
ried Margaret Alpem, a daughter of Cas- 
per and Minnie Aipem, her father a whole- 
sale merchant of Alpena, Michigan. They 
have one child. Prances, bom September 
14, 1914. Mr. Speier in politics is an inde- 
pendent democrat. He is a member of the 
Jewish Temple of Anderson and has social 
connections with his community as a mem- 
ber of the Country Club, the Benevolent 
and Prote<»tive Order of Elks, and also be 
longs to the Knights of Pythias at Sey- 
mour. 

Frank Rosey is one of the popular 
business men of Newcastle, has been iden- 
tified with that city since 1915, and at the 
comer of Twelfth and Broad streets fur- 
nishes a double service through his harness 
shop and also his tire repairing facilities. 
A large part of his work is the repairing 
and making of new tires for automobiles, 
and he has installed the only machine in 
the city for the stitching and making of 
double-tread tires from old ones. 

Mr. Rosey was bom near Archbold, Ful- 
ton County, Ohio, on a farm, a son of 
Joseph and Josephine (Bernard) Rosey. 
His father wa.s of French anccstrj' and 
came from Berne, Switzerland, when a boy 
to Ohio. At one time he had a farm near 
Toledo, and later moved to the vicinitv of 
An'hbold, where he died in 1912 and his 
wife in 1911. 

Frank Rosey attended the public schools 
of Archbold, but at the age of fifteen began 
learning the trade of harness maker with 
F. Stotzer at Archbold. He served an 
apprenticeship of three years and then 
worked as a journeyman harness maker in 
different towns of Ohio. In 1897 he and a 
partner opened a harness shop ^t Arch- 
bold, but two years later he sold out and 
resumed his journeyman experience. Mr. 
Rosey has been a resident of Indiana since 
1911. and he came to Newcastle from Rush- 
ville in 1915. At that time he established 
his present shop at the corner of Twelfth 
and Broad streets. 

In 1913 Mr. Rosey married Grace Willi- 
ver. of College Comers, Butler County. 
Ohio. Mr. Rosey is a republican, a mem- 
ber of the Friends Church, and is affiliate<l 



with the Moose and Owls fraternal organi- 
zations at South Bend, Indiana. 

D.\NiEL Frankun Mustard. A man who 
did his bit for the imperilled nation in the 
time of the Civil war, a hard working 
mechanic, a trusted public officer, and for 
many years a banker and leader in the in- 
dustrial and civic life of Anderson, Daniel 
F. Mustard has played a role that suf- 
ficiently identified him with the representa- 
tive Indianans whose names and careers 
arc honore<l in the present publication. 

Mr. Mustard comes of an old family of 
Madison County and was bom in Lafayette 
Township of that county, 3V» niiles north 
of Anderson, Octol>er 20. 1^. He is a 
son of William and Elizabeth (Darlington) 
Mustard, and his ancestrj' combines the 
various stocks of Scotch-Irish and German. 
His great-great-grandfather, William Mus- 
tard, came with two brothers, George and 
James, from the north of Ireland to Dela- 
ware in colonial times. James afterwards 
loi'ated in Bcrk.shirc County, Massachu- 
setts. George remained in Delaware, while 
William was a pioneer in Pike County, 
Oliio. .Most of the mcriil>ers of the family 
so far as the re<*ord gf)es have followed 
some mechanical pursuit or profession. 
Grandfather George Mustard was a soldier 
in the W^ar of 1812. 

When Daniel was six years of age, in 
1850, his father moved to Anderson and 
established a sho<^ shop and also worked at 
the trade of carpenter. It was in his 
father's shoe shop that Daniel acquired a 
practical knowledge of shoe making and he 
also went with his father in working at the 
can>enter s trade. In the meantime he at- 
tended schools about three months each 
winter. 

Before he was seventeen years of age the 
storm of Civil war had broken over the 
country, and like thousands of other youths 
of the time he found it difficult to keep his 
attention upon his home duties and soon 
grew restless under the call of patriotism. 
On April 6, 1863, he enlisted as a private 
in Company I of the Thirty-fourth Indiana 
Infantr>'. Not long afterward he was with 
the great armies under Grant during the 
siege of Vicksburg. and subsequently he 
participated in some of the southwestern 
campaigns under Hanks and McClelland. 
After about fifteen months as a private 



1290 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



soldier he was assigned to duty as a mu- 
sician in the regimental band. Mr. Mustard 
has the distinction of having participated 
in the last passage of arms in the war of 
the rebellion. This occurred May 13, 1865, 
between the Thirty-fourth Indiana Infan- 
try, known as Morton's Rifles, and a body 
of Confederates, who met in the extreme 
southern end of Texas, close to the old 
battleground of Palo Alto, where the first 
engagement of the Mexican war was fought. 
This brief engagement occurred on May 
13, 1865, more than a month after Lee had 
surrendered his sword to Grant at Appo- 
mattox. In this skirmish Mr. Mustard 
was a personal witness to the death of the 
last man killed in arms during the Civil 
war. This man was Jefferson Williams, of 
Company B of the 34th Indiana. Mr. 
Mustard was given his muster out at 
Brownsville, Texas, February 3, 1866, and 
granted his honorable discharge on Febru- 
ar>' 11th of the same year. 

Returning to Anderson, he went to work 
in his father *s shoe shop, but was soon 
called to larger responsibilities and duties. 
March 3, 1868, he was appointed deputy 
auditor of Madison County under James 
M. Dixon. He filled the duties of that 
office 21 o years, and then was successively 
employed as clerk in the county treasurer '« 
office under Dr. Joseph Pugh, six months 
in the recorder's office and finally as deputy 
clerk under Thomas J. Fleming. 

In 1871 Mr. Mustard entered the First 
National Bank of Anderson as bookkeeper, 
and was with that institution until August, 
1873. He then resumed his public duties 
as deputy treasurer under Weems Heagy 
and was his deputy throughout his term. 
All of this experience made him thorough 
master of the technicalities of administra- 
tion of various county oflices, and there 
was no <|uestion of his fitness when Mr. 
Mustard came before the people of Madison 
Count v as candidate for count v treasurer 
in 1876. He was electe<l on the same ticket 
with **Blue Jeans" Williams, who that 
year became governor of Indiana, and Mr. 
Mustard rereivetl a de<*isive personal com- 
pliment in having two hundred votes more 
than the rest of his ticket. In 1878 he 
was reelected and he continued in office 
until August 15, 1881. 

(In retiring from office Mr. Mustard 
became one of the managers of the Citizens' 
Bank, the oldest banking institution in 



Madison County. It had been founded in 
1855 by Neal C. McCuUough and other 
associates. Mr. Mustard was a member of 
the firm from 1881 to 1884, and soon after- 
ward he headed a combination which 
bought the Madison County Bank, a state 
institution, and in 1886 the two were con- 
solidated as the Citizens Bank. Mr. 
Mustard thereafter gave most of his time 
to the executive responsibilities of the bank 
and in 1905 was made president. On Janu- 
ary 1, 1917, he retired from the oflSce of 
president, but has since been chairman of 
the board of directors. The Citizens Bank 
has enjoyed a long period of prosperity'. 
It has capital of a hundred and twenty-five 
thousand dollars, surplus of fifty thousand 
dollars, and its deposits BLggreghte nearly a 
million and a half dollars. 

Mr. Mustard has been the recipient of 
many honors of both business and politics. 
On March 23, 1909, Thomas R. Marshall, 
then governor of Indiana, appointed him a 
trustee of the Indiana Soldiers and Sailors 
Home, and he has had a place on the board 
ever since. Since 1903 he has been treas- 
urer of the Central Indiana Railway Com- 
pany. 

Mr. Mustard has been for fifty years a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, has held all the chairs and all the 
honors which the local lodge can bestow 
and for about thirty years was treasurer of 
Anderson Lodge Xo. 131, and of Star En- 
campment No. 84. He also belongs to 
Grand Army Post No. 131, and attends the 
Christian Science Church. 

October 2, 1871, he married Miss Adda 
Ethell, daughter of William 0. and Eliz- 
abeth (Williams) Ethell, of Anderson. 
Her family were early residents of Dela- 
ware and Madison counties, and her father 
was a civil engineer. Mr. and Mrs. Mus- 
tard have two children, Fred E., elsewhere 
referred to in this publication, and Ethel 
Mar>\ The daughter is now the wife of 
Frank C. Cline, proprietor of the F. C. 
Cline Lumber Company of Anderson, ilrs. 
and Mrs. Cline have two children, Adelaide 
Joanna, bom in 1908, and Frances, born in 
1914. 

What an old time political and business 
associate wrote of Mr. Mustard several 
years ago is an apt characterization wbirh 
nee«ls no revision at the present time. ** In- 
dustrious to a fault, temperate at all times 
rnd under all circumstances, frugal and 




^A.^h-^-iMAfy, 



) 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



1293 



these are studies of Indiana natural science 
topics as to which little information is else- 
where available. 

Mr. Blatchlev was married on Mav 2, 
1882, to Clara A. Fordice, of Rus.sellville, 
Indiana. He is at present engaged in sci- 
entific research in Florida. 

Arch Davis. It is always a matter of 
general interest to follow the successive 
stages by which a successful business man 
rises to his present position. When Arch 
Davis of Newca.stle was sixteen years of age 
he accepted an opportunity to work as de- 
livery boy for Horace Johnson, a lo<*al 
groceryman. One year at that, and he took 
inside work in the clothing house of R. D. 
Goodwin. He was not assigned a definite 
task, but was told to make himself generally 
useful, and his name was put on the pay- 
roll at four dollars a week. That experience 
lasted also a year. Then followed a period 
of three months which was more fruitful 
of experience than wages, but gave him a 
good knowledge of western life. He spent 
those months chiefly at Cheyenne, Wyom- 
ing. On returning to Newcastle he worked 
in a garage, drove an express wagon, and 
was also night clerk in the Bundy Hotel. 
For one year he was employed as time- 
keeper by the contractor who built the Max- 
well Automobile Factory. There were 
other minor forms of employment, but they 
may perhaps go without special mention. 

At present Mr. Davis is junior partner 
and president of the corporation known as 
Clift & Davis, the leading firm of New- 
castle shoe merchants. He got his first 
experience in the shoe business with his 
father under the name Davis & Sons, with 
a store on Broad Street. He spent two 
years there, learned the business, later sold 
his interest and went to work for Oaddis 
& Got fried, another firm of shoe mer- 
chants. He was also manager for three 
nionthH of the Lawson Shoe Store on Broad 
Street, until that business was sold. He 
was ajrain in the employ of the firm of 
Smith & (fotfricd for a short time, and 
was then employed by the firm of Clift 
&. Havos. When that business was in- 
oorporat«»(l Mr, Davis acquired a thou- 
sand «|nJIarH worth of the stfwk. and in 
Fchruary. llUfi. he and Mr. Clift bought 
nut the Hayes interests, leaving the present 
finii of ('lift & Davis. 

Mr. Davis was }M)rn at Ncweastle in Sep- 
Toi. m— « 



tembiT, 1888, a son of Mark and Jennie 
(AUender) Davis. He grew up in this 
city and attended the public schools, in- 
cluding two years of high school work be- 
fore he began his career as a delivery boy. 

Mr. Davis represents one of the oldest 
families of Henry County. His great- 
grandfather Aquila Davis, a native of Vir- 
ginia, who married Lucretia Hatfield, came 
to Henry County, Indiana, in 1826 and 
settled at Richwood in Fall Creek Town- 
ship. He died there in 1850. Among their 
nine children was Aquila Davis, Jr., grand- 
father of Arch Davis. Aquila, Jr., was 
iKirn in Ohio December 6, 1813, and was 
about thirteen years old when the family 
came to Henry County. He cleared up a 
farm in the midst of the woods three miles 
north of Newcastle, and it is said that he 
paid for eighty acres of land with money 
he received from two years wages at $150 
a year. Later he acquired another farm of 
160 acres, and prospered and reared his 
family there. In the fall of 1879 he moved 
to Newcastle, and lived retired. He married 
Linne Harvey, who died in August, 1879, 
the mother of six children, the youngest 
of whom was Mark Davis, father of the 
Newcastle merchant. 

Mr. Arch Davis married in May, 1912, 
Miss Mabel Van Camp, daughter of Charles 
Pinckney Van Camp. They have two 
children. March C, born in 1913, and Ellen 
Jane, bom in 1915. Mr. Davis is a re- 
publican, as was his father and grand- 
father before him, and is affiliated with 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks and the Christian Church. 

Ch.\ri^E8 Daniel R.vtcliffe is president 
and treasurer of the Ratcliffe Realty Com- 
pany, Incorporated, of Newcastle. He and 
Mrs. Ratcliffe are the corporation, and 
their prosperity dates from their marriage. 
They have worked hard, have kept widen- 
ing and extending their interests, and now 
have one of the best and largst concerns of 
its kind in Henry County. 

Mr. Ratcliffe was l>om at Broad Ripple 
in Marion County, Indiana, in 1886, son 
of Thomas and Cora (Culbertson) Rat- 
f'liflTe. His paternal ancestors were Eng- 
lish and Welsh. His father came from 
Wales in 1876. at the age of twenty-eight, 
locating at Indianapolis among friends and 
fellow ronntrymcn. }Ip ha<l Irarned the 
trade of pattern maker in Wales, and at 



j^' 



1294 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Indianapolis he opened a shop on the site 
of the present Bryce bakery. He was in 
business for many years, retiring in 1908. 
His wife is still living. 

Charles D. Ratcliffe attended the public 
schools of Indianapolis, and in his father's 
shop learned the trade of pattern maker. 
After that he worked as a journeyman two 
years and in 1907 came to Newcastle and 
secured employment as a pattern maker 
with the Maxwell-Briscoe Automobile Com- 
pany at $12 a week wages. He was 
with that concern seven years and the 
savings he and his wife were able to ac- 
cumulate from that experience became the 
basis and the capital for the Ratcliffe 
Realty Companv. 

In 1909 Mr. Ratcliffe married Miss Ella 
Mitten, daughter of James and Barbara 
(Calenbaugh) Mitten of Newcastle. They 
have one daughter, Catherine, born in 1910. 

After his marriage Mr. Ratcliffe bought 
a house on time, having not even enough to 
make a partial payment. Then in 1915 he 
and his wife incorporated the present com- 
pany, and they now own all the stock. This 
business is an efficient organization for the 
handling of all classes of real estate prop- 
erty and loans, and they do a large volume 
of fire insurance, representing the well 
known Globe, Rutgers, Buffalo, New Bruns- 
wick and American Companies. Mr. Rat- 
cliffe has considerable city property in 
Newcastle. 

He is affiliated with the Masonic Order 
and the Knights of Pythias, and Mrs. Rat- 
cliffe is an officer in the Eastern Star. He 
is a republican, and both are members of 
St. James Episcopal Church. 

William Tyre Whittinoton was l>orn 
on a farm in Brown Township, Montgom- 
er>' County, Indiana, on the 21 st day of 
Dei»ember, 1861. and died in his fiftieth 
year on March 28, 1912, 

He was one of those unusual men who 
live a long life in a brief period of years. 

He attended the local public schools near 
his father's home in Brown Township, 
Montgomery- County. Indiana, until he was 
eighteen years of age, after which he 
finished his education in the I^doga Nor- 
mal and Wabash College. He took a special 
law course in the University of Michigan 
at Ann Arbor, where he was graduated 
in 1HS7. doing two years work in one. 

When he returned home he began the 



practice of law in Crawfordsville, Indiana, 
where he was in active practice continu- 
ously until the time of his death. 

He was first associated in the practice of 
law with John H. Burford, who later 
moved to Oklahoma and became dis- 
tinguished as the chief justice of that state. 
He was then associated in the practice of 
law with Judge A. D. Thomas for several 
years, and up until about 1901. He then 
took his brother, Walter A. Whittington, 
into the firm under the name of Whitting- 
ton & Whittington, which continued until 
about 1904, when his brother's failing 
health required him to withdraw from the 
firm and go to a different climate. 

During the last seven years of his life 
he was associated in the practice of law 
with Robert H. Williams under the firm 
name of W^hittington & Williams. 

William Tyre Whittington 's career 
brought him well deserved fame in the 
State of Indiana as a lawyer, and as a 
public spirited citizen ever ready to take 
a firm and active stand for the better 
things in civil, political and religious life. 
Few men have accomplished so much in 
so short a time. 

The members of the Montgomery County 
Bar with whom he had practiced law for 
more than a quarter of a century paid this 
tribute to him in a memorial adopted by 
the Bar at the time of his death : 

**His fine mental equipment and great 
energ>' could always be enlisted in causes 
that went to the uplifting and betterment 
of social conditions. He loved men and 
the things that make for true manhood. 
And while he was a lover of his fellowmen, 
yet he was always ready to battle against 
conditions and forces that he thought had 
a tendency to thwart and hinder the 
growth of the best and noblest in men. He 
placed a high estimate on the worth of men, 
and had an unshaken faith in Ood. 

** As an attorney William T. W^hittington 
was enveloped with a consuming purpose 
to wear the laurels of clean and dignified 
professional success. He has left to us the 
legacy of his accomplishment of this high 
purpose. Few men have done so much in 
so short a time. His zeal in this work we 
can not portray with words ; it may not b^ 
too much to say that it contributed to his 
untimely death. His striking character- 
istics as a lawyer were his versatility, his 
energy and his courage. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1295 



**But the life of this man was not limited 
to his profession. He was a vital force in 
the affairs of his eommunity and state. He 
(rave time, counsel and money to aid the 
4'hurrh and the l)est things in civic life. He 
loved lK»oks and education, read history 
and romance, and when al)sent from the 
contest he deliphteil to rest near the gentle 
heart of nature. In his home he gave a 
joyous glow of warmth to every comer, 
about his fireside he was wisdom, strength, 
pentleness and mirth.'' 

To William and Rebecca Whittington 
were born twelve children, nine sons and 
three daughters, of which family of chil- 
dren William Tyre Whittington was the 
sixth. 

His father, William Whittington, was 
bom in Shelby County, Kentucky, Novem- 
ber 17, 1825, and die<i November 11, 1915. 
He was a farmer by occupation — a man of 
>terling qualities and Christian character. 
His mother, Rebecca Whittington, was 
born in Montgomery County, Indiana, No- 
veml)er 17, 1838, and was a daughter of 
the Rev. Reese L. Davis, one of the pioneer 
Baptist ministers of Montgomery County, 
Indiana, ami Elizal>eth Rice Davis, a 
woman of fine qualities and Christian 
character. Mr. Whittington *8 mother 
naturally followed the traits of her pioneer 
father and mother, and was a tine Christian 
spirited, motherly, hojue-loving woman. 

William Tyre Wliittineton was united 
in marriaee with Miss Elva Jane Deere, 
October 26. 1887. From this union two 
daughters were lH)rn : Mildred Davis Whit- 
tinpton. born April 11. 1899, and Mary 
JrK'l Whitt-ngton. l)orn Februarj- 21, 190i. 
The older daughter, Mildred, died June 1, 
190'^. in her fourth year. The wife. Elva 
D. WTiittington. and the younger daughter, 
Mary Joel Whittington, have continued to 
live in the Whittington homestead at 209 
South Grant Avenue, Crawfordsville, In- 
dia'^a, since the death of Mr. Whittington. 
His widow, Elva D. Whittington, waa 
the sixth of ten children, seven sons and 
three daughters, of the union of Joel Gar- 
nett Deere and Mary E. McGriiftr. who 
were unite<l in marriage April 19. 1849. 

Joel (i. Deere, was one of the early 
pioneers, having l»een horn in Shelby 
Countv. Kentucky. March 29, 1828, and 
brought to Monter)mer%' County. Indiana, 
when nine months old. His father, the 
gr:indfather of Mrs. Whittington, built the 



first flour mill in Montgomery' County, In- 
diana, and Joel 0. Deere practically grew 
up in that mill and afterwards became its 
owner. The site of this mill is on Sugar 
Creek, about fiftet»n miles below Crawfords- 
ville. The mill still stands and is known as 
Deere 's Mill. Joel G. Deere died on the 9th 
day of February, 1903, but the mother, 
Mary E. Deere, and widow of Joel G. 
Deere, still survives and is living with her 
daughter. Mrs. Elva I). Whittington, at the 
Whittington home on Grant Avenue. 

William Tyre Whittington loved his 
home, and was ver>' devoted to his wife and 
children, and never fully recovered from 
the blow he received because of the death 
of his daughter Mildred. He was very ap- 
preciative of the help his wife gave him in 
his successful career. 

His wife, Elva D. Whittington, always 
took an active part in all forms of com- 
munity, church and club affairs, and at the 
same time, keeping her home as the main 
shrine about which herself and family wor- 
shipped. This home gave a joyous glow of 
warmth to every comer, and Mr. Whitting- 
ton delighted in his home, and the home 
ties between himself, his wife and family. 
William Tyre Whittington was a man 
of great clo<|uence and his services as an 
orator were in demand not only for politi- 
cal but for other occasions. One of the 
many public addresses which he made in 
the state was the address at the dedication 
of the Soldiers Monument on the Court 
House corner in Crawfordsville. He was 
a republican in politics, an active Mason, 
a member of the Eastern Star and Knights 
of Pythias. At the age of seventeen he 
united with the Baptist Church at Free- 
dom and later and up until the time of his 
death was an active member of the Baptist 
Church at Crawfordsville. 

His practice in law was wide. As a 
lawyer he represented a large number of 
legitimate and important interests, and his 
services were given to many of the leading 
cases tried over the state. About his last 
important work as a lawyer and business 
man was in connection with the receiver- 
ship of the Ben Hur Traction Company in 
the Federal courts of Indianapolis. 

lie accunndated a comfortable compe- 
tency and made a number of profitable in- 
vestments, both in and outside of the state. 
He used his means intelligently, and 
traveled extensively over his home country, 



1296 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



and was very fond of outdoor life and 
athletic sporta, being an enthusiastic goU 
player and member of the Crawfordsville 
Country Club at the time of his death. 

His surviving law partner, Robert H. 
Williams, paid him this much deserved 
tribute : 

** William Tyre Whittington was one of 
the ablest lawyers in Indiana. Most 
lawyers are fitted for a few special phases 
of their work ; he was capable and skillful 
in every phase of it. He was unexcelled as 
a trial lawyer, and yet equally as good as 
an office lawyer — a combination that is 
rare. He never lacked for energy, and he 
never shrank from work, but had to be 
driven away from it. His client's cause 
was a part of his life. During the seven 
years I was closely associated with him in 
his large business, I never knew him to 
make a statement to a client about any 
matter that was different from what had 
been gone over and worked out in consulta- 
tion out of the client's presence. In other 
words, he always put himself in his client's 
position and worked out his client's cause 
as carefully and sincerely as if it was a 
matter pertaining to his own personal af- 
fairs. 

**He was one of the most sincere, lovable, 
loyal, upright men that I have ever known. 
He approached all questions in a well-bal- 
anced, conservative, broadminded manner, 
and when he finally arrived at a conclusion, 
was ever ready to enter into negotiations 
to secure his client's rights without litiga- 
tion, but if this could not be accomplished, 
he never lacked energy and courage to 
champion the cause at the bar of justice. 
No client represented by him ever had 
feeble or faint-hearted support, and he 
never lost because he came to court un- 
prepared. 

**For vears he walked in the shadow of 
death, and a warning voice constantly 
called him away from those activities he 
loved so well, yet with iron will he daily 
faced it with a smile. 

**His social instinct was strong. To him 
Nature was bounteous in her gifts. His 
was a splendid intellect, a warm and gener- 
ous heart, a character upright and un- 
sullied. His intesrrity was like granite. He 
love<l liberty and believed in equality of 
opportunity before the law. 

**IIe lived nobly his part. His life and 
character, his career, his ideals, his con- 



duct and his achievements may well chal- 
lenge the admiration of those who knew 
him best, and stand as a fitting example 
to the young men of the coming genera- 
tion." 

JiRAH Albon KrrcHEUi is a contractor 
and builder of long and successful ex- 
perience and has done much as an investor 
and in a professional way to develop the 
improvement of Michig^an City, where he 
has had his home and business headquar- 
ters for a number of years. 

Mr. Kitchell was bom at Whitehall, now 
Lincoln, in Morris County, New Jersey, in 
1862. His grandfather was a native of 
New York State and of early colonial and 
Revolutionary ancestry. He was a shoe- 
maker by trade, and made shoes long be- 
fore shoemakers came into competition with 
machinery for the making of their product. 
From New York State he moved to New 
Jersey and spent his last days in Morris 
County. Isaac M. Kitchell, father of Jirah. 
A., was born in Rockland County, New 
York, October 11, 1838. He learned his 
father's trade but after attaining pro- 
ficiency found that the business was seri- 
ously interfered with by the increasing 
number of shoe factories, and he turned to 
another occupation, becoming a mason in 
brick, stone and plaster. In 1868 he went 
to Illinois and located at Cerro Gordo for 
several years. After the great Chicago fire 
of 1871 he turned his trade to good account 
in the rebuilding of that city, but in 1873 
removed to Lakeside, Michigan, and con- 
tinued his business as a contractor and 
builder until his death on July 2, 1883. 
He enlisted September 2, 1862, in Com- 
pany D of the Ttirenty-second New Jersey 
Volunteer Infantry, for a term of nine 
months. He was in the South with his 
command and saw active service in a num- 
ber of battles before receiving his honor- 
able discharge in June, 1863. He married 
Elizabeth DeMouth. She was bom in 
Taylortown, New Jersey, October 2, 1838. 
The DeMouth family was likewise of colo- 
nial and Revolutionary ancestry. Jirah De- 
Mouth at one time owned a considerable 
tract of land in Taylortown, New Jersey, 
and besides farming was a charcoal burner, 
burning charcoal for a number of Ipcal 
industries. Mrs. Isaac M. Kitchell died 
February 20, 1890, the mother of seven 
children : Jirah Alson, Ida Jane, Charles 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



1297 



Elmer, Herbert Melvin, Isaac Irving, 
Frank DeMouth and Grace Elizabeth. 

J. A. Kitchell was schooled in New Jer- 
sey, at Cerro Gordo, Illinois, and in Chi- 
cago, and also attended school after his 
father removed to Lakeside, Michigan. He 
acquired the rudiments of his trade under 
his father and at the age of eighteen went 
to Chicago and completed a thorough 
apprenticeship. He also worked as a jour- 
neyman, and finally began his independent 
career as a contractor and builder at Chi- 
cago. After a brief period in that city he 
returned to Ijakeside, Michigan, and was 
in business there for a numl)er of years. 
He has always had great faith and judg- 
ment in investing in and improving real 
estate, and became an extensive property 
owner while at Lakeside. He continued his 
business there until 1901, when he removed 
to Michigan City. As a contractor and 
builder he has handled many contracts for 
others and also for himself, and has im- 
proved some pan»els of real estate and still 
owns some of the finest apartment build- 
ings in Michigan City. 

November 3. 1887, Mr. Kitchell married 
Alice M. Wire. She was l)om near Card- 
ington in Morrow County, Ohio, a daughter 
of Seneca and Xancy A. (Bccklcy) Wire. 
Her father was a native of Portage County, 
Ohio, and sened as a Union soldier during 
the Civil war. He enlisted for one year, 
a member of the Kighty-Eighth Regiment, 
Company F, at Camp Chase, near Colum- 
bus. Ohio. He took a trip to New Orleans 
with prisoners on exchange, was then taken 
ill and discharged after eleven months serv- 
ice. From Ohio he went to Michigan and 
after two years in Berrien County moved 
to a farm near I^akeside and was prosper- 
ously and continuoiLsly engaged in agri- 
culture for many years. His wife died in 
June, 1912, and since then he has made 
his home among his children, and is now 
eighty-eight years of age. Mrs. Kitchell's 
maternal grandparents were Theodore and 
Eliza I^*kley. Mrs. Kitchell was one of 
five children: Bertha. Marian, Alice M., 
Vema E. and Ralph Leroy. 

Mr. Kitchell is affiliated with Three Oaks 
Ix>dge No. 239. Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons, Michigan City Chapter No. 25, 
Royal Arch Masons, Michigan City Com- 
mandery No. 30, Knights Templar, the 
Scottish Rite Consistory at Fort Wayne, 
and is also a member of Washington Lodge 



No. 94, Knights of Pythias, and a member 
of the Grand Lodge of Indiana. Mrs. Kitch- 
ell is a member of Martha Washington 
Temple No. 275 of the Pythian Sisters and 
also a member of the Eastern Star. He is 
a member of Michigan City Lodge No. 229 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
and belongs to the Grand Lodge of the 
state. Mr. and Mrs. Kitchell have two 
daughters, Gertrude May and Edna Pearl, 
l)orn at Lakeside, Michigan. 

Georok p. Rogers is one of Michigan 
City s most influential citizens, and is eon- 
nei'ted with the great industry of Haskell 
& Barker Car Company, Inc. 

He was born in Michigan City May 20, 
1875, and is a son of the late Nathaniel 
Peabody Rogers, distinguished by a long 
and useful a.Hsoi*iation with the Haskell and 
Barker Company. He comes of a family 
of cultured New England men and women. 
His great-grandfather was Rev. John 
Rogers, who graduated from Harvard Col- 
lege in 1732. The grandfather of Nathaniel 
P. Rogers was Dr. John Rogers, a graduate 
of Harvard College in 1776. In the next 
generation was Dr. Samuel Rogers, also a 
man of education and of high professional 
standing. 

Nathaniel Peal)ody Rogers was bom at 
Plymouth, New Hampshire, November 22, 
1838. He had an academic education and 
at the breaking out of the Civil war en- 
listeil in the army as a musician. He was 
in General Sherman's command until he 
was discharged on account of disability. 
He soon afterwards came west, and after 
a brief stay in Chicago located in Michi- 
gan City. He was one of the early em- 
ployes of the Haskell and Barker Car 
Works, and continued his active association 
with that industry until his death Decem- 
l)er 1, 1906. It will suffice to indicate his 
success as a business man and citizen to 
quote a few sentences from a tribute paid 
him by John H. Barker at the time of his 
death: **Mr. Nathaniel Peabody Rogers 
had a wide acquaintance in the country 
and thousands of men and Arms having 
business with him felt that by his match- 
less tact in conducting correspondence they 
had come in close touch with him. His 
counsel was of great value, his judgment 
was of the best, and he was a potent factor 
in bringing the Haskell and Barker Car 
Company into its present position. He 



1298 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



saw the car works grow from infancy to 
strong manhood and He gave a fostering 
care to the interests of Michigan City also. 
He was always foremost in inaugurating 
and carrying forward any beneficial object. 
In public enterprises he was one of the 
first to be called and without his continuing 
energy the city would have lacked many of 
its attractions and adornments today." 
He married Mary E. Sammons, a native of 
New York State. 

George P. Rogers was educated in the 
public schools of Michigan City, also at- 
tended a private school known as Barker 
Hall, and had his early business training as 
a clerk in the First National Bank of 
Michigan City. After two years he re- 
signed to prepare for college and for three 
years was a student in Cornell Tniversity. 
Returning home, Mr. Rogers in 1900 be- 
came associated with the Haskell and 
Barker Car Company and has l)een one of 
the active men in that industry ever since. 
He is also vice president of the First 
National Bank of Michigan City and is 
president of the Tecumseh Facing Mills. 
He is a member of the board of trastees of 
the local Young Men's Christian As.socia- 
tion and has served three years on the City 
School Board. 

In 1904 Mr. Rogers married Miss Fanny 
N. Culbort, She was born in Maskegon. 
Michigan. Her father, Uriah Culbert, was 
a man of more than ordinary* achievements. 
He was bom in Nunda Valley, Allegany 
County, New York, January 5. 1835. 
When he was a child his parents moved to 
Michigan. He was early trained to habits 
of industry, and l>ecame a man of inde- 
pen<lent thought and action. In 1859 he 
went we«t to California and spent four 
years in that state. On returning east he 
lo<*ate(l at Muskegon, Michigan, and again 
engaged in steamboating and in the lumber 
industr>'. Several years later he moved to 
Michigan City, and from that time jrave his 
energies to the development of a larsre 
marine contracting business. He built the 
breakwater and cril>s in the outer harljor 
and the docks and piers in the inner harbor 
at .Michigan City. At Jackson Park, Chi- 
catro, his firm had some of the contracts in 
laying out the World's Fair grounds and 
constructed the lagoon, also the naval pier 
and the foundation for the Ferris wheel. 
He was likewise interested in public affairs, 
and while in Muskegon served as a mem- 



ber of the board of aldermen and as city 
treasurer, and in Michigan City was for 
two years a representative in the Legisla- 
ture and four years a state senator. He 
married Mary Noble, a native of New York. 
Mr. and Mrs. Rogers have two children: 
Nathaniel Peabody and Charlotte M. 

M.VRION E. CluVRK, D. 0. In a score of 
years the science of osteopathy has over- 
come obstacles and prejudices and won its 
way to a front rank in the field of American 
medicine, and the character and services of 
its followers enjoy an impregnable position 
in the confidence and esteem of popular 
opinion and patronage. 

As an exponent of the science and as an 
ideal follower of the profession, undoubted- 
ly one of the foremost osteopathic physi- 
cians in the State of Indiana today is Dr. 
Marion E. Clark of Indianapolis. Doctor 
Clark was bom on a farm at Petersburg 
in Menard County, Illinois, August 1, 1874. 
He is one of five children, all of whom are 
still living. His parents were Wilson C. 
and Chloe (Goodall) Clark. This branch 
of the Clark family is of Scotch-Irish an- 
cestry, and on coming to America first 
settled in Virginia and then with successive 
tides of migration westward located in 
Kentucky, Illinois and Indiana. 

Doctor Clark as a boy attended district 
schools in his native county and also the 
public schools at Petersburg. He com- 
pleted his literar}' training in Shurtleff 
College at Alton. For two years he read 
medicine with Dr. J. B. Whitley of Peters- 
burg. It was his plan at that time to finish 
his course in Rush Medical College at 
Chicago. About that time he was induced 
to investigate the subject of osteopathy, 
and the result was that he entered in 1897 
the American School of Osteopathy at 
Kirksville. Missouri. He made a brilliant 
record in the school while a student, and 
after his graduation in 1899 was assigned 
a profes.sorship. At first he occupied the 
chairs of obstetrics and gynecologist and 
later founded and was professor of applied 
anatomy. These three subjects occupied 
the greater part of his attention for eight 
years, and during that time he instructed 
many men and women who have subse- 
quently gained prominence. Doctor Clark 
also assisted in arranging the necessarj' 
eoupios of vtndy for the collp<re «nd in 
addition found time to compile two im- 



€(M 



c HAS. .1. Kills 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1301 



dren : John II., superintendent of the Vul- 
can Plow Works at EvaiiRville and Irene, a 
C^aduate of DePauw rniversity and wife 
of Earl E. Younfr, of Anderson, Indiana. 

C11ARI.E8 W. .Iewett was called from the 
ranks of private citizenship and from his 
cufrroKsin^r duties as a lawyer to the of- 
fice of mayor of Indianapolis in the fall 
elwtion of 1917. Ho entered upon the 
duties of that office on Januar>' 7, 1918, on 
his thirtv-fourth birthdav. He is one of 
the youngest mayors Indianapolis has ever 
had. 

At the same time it is doubtful if any 

man of his vears has had a more varieil 

• 

experience and brinf^s to his official duties 
a more thorough familiarity with all the 
walks and classes of life. He was })om at 
Franklin. In<liana, January 7, 1884. Dur- 
iufi his youth he lived on intimate terms 
with hanl and honest toil and even today 
he would feel at home in the company of 
workini? men of any class as well as with 
professional and business exe(*utives. He 
has learned human problems not from 
l)Ooks and theories but from the experience 
of actual (*ontact with practical life as a 
workini? man. 

His parents are E«lward V. and Alma 
Mary ( Atcn i Jcwctt. In jHSfi the family 
moveil to Slidbyvillc, where the father was 
enifafrcd in !iusiin*vs for some years. In 
1S!»1 lu» was admitted to the conference 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
has for more than a quarter of a centunt' 
been active in the ministry. The family 
came to Indianapolis in 19()2, the father 
iMS'ominjr pastor of the Hlacklmanl Street 
Methodi.st Episcopal Church. Later he was 
pastor of Howard Place Church and now 
cHTupies the pulpit at Hall Place Church. 

Charles W. Jewett was reared in the 
various communities where his father was 
en^rageil in business or in the ministry. 
Since 1902 his home has been in Indianap- 
olis except the years he spent in eoUejre. 
He attended public schools, the Franklin 
Preparatory School, and in 1904 entered 
DePauw Cniversity and completetl the reg- 
ular four years course in three years, re- 
ceiving his A. H. degree in 1907. Though he 
work<>id on the farm, in stores, shops, fac- 
tories and on the railroads to earn money 
to help pay his way through eollege, he 
was always active in the variotia studeot 
affairs. He was an enthusiastic athlete 



and a leader in all branches of athletics in 
high school and college. For seven years 
in high school and college he was a mem- 
l>er of foot-ball, base-ball and track teams. 
His favorite branch of athletics was foot- 
ball. During his entire college course he 
playetl in ever>' game and was never re- 
tired from a game, with one exception, and 
that was the last fifteen minutes of a con- 
test in wliich lie was injured. Ho was a 
meml>er of the university base-ball and 
track teams. He was pitcher on the base- 
ball team and in his senior year was 
captain of the university foot-lmll team. 
In his junior year he was president of his 
class and a member of the university de- 
bating team. He is a member of the 
National College Fraternity of Phi Delta 
Theta. He is also a meml)er of four other 
honorary college fraternities. 

Since the age of thirteen years Mayor 
Jewett has contributed greatly to his own 
support. When he was thirteen years old 
he hired out as a farm hand for his board 
and keep and (me dollar a week. He was 
a Ktmng. husky lad and took his place with 
the (»ther hamls. making a full hand at 
fann work. Later when in high school 
aii<l <M)lIege during summer vacations he 
tilled various i>ositions in and around In- 
dianapolis, spending two summers in the 
packing plant of Kingan & Company. 
Other summers he was employed as sec- 
tion hand, switchman, fireman and train 
engineer during the double tracking of the 
Big Four Railn>a<l between Imlianapolis 
and St. I^niis. Of his many and varied 
experiences, Mr. Jewett is extremely proud 
of the fact that <luring the cin*uit riding 
<lays of his father's early ministr>' he lived 
in Southern Indiana and enjoye<l the sim- 
ple pleasures and shared the rustic life of 
pioneer days. His father was stationed on 
a five point circuit, miles from any rail- 
road and with all of the inconveniences 
that attended the lives of pioneers in other 
sections of Indiana in a very much earlier 
period. He live<l in Southern Indiana dur- 
ing his l)oyhoo<l from the time he was seven 
years old until he was thirteen. In that 
section of the state, even at that time, ox- 
teams were common, and almost every fam- 
ily dipped its own candles for lighting the 
home. Men and boys wore high leather 
boots which were greased with tallow every 
Saturday night. Farmers harvested their 
wheat with the <dd fashioned cradle, wood 



1302 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



choppings, barn raisings, etc., and such 
similar customs were as common as they 
were fifty years prior to that time in the 
northern and central parts of Indiana. 
Mr. Jewett's father traveled from church 
to church on his large circuit on horse- 
back with the old fashioned saddle bags 
of the same kind and variety that old 
Peter Cartwright used in the pioneer days 
of Indiana history. 

All kinds of outdoor sport had a strong 
place in the l>oyhood of Jlr. Jewett. He 
was an expert swimmer at a very early age 
and prided himself upon his horsemanship 
when he was still a very young boy. 

In 1907 Mr. Jewett entered Harvard 
Law School, completing his law course in 
1910. While in law school he took an active 
interest in politics, and was frequently era- 
ployed as a speaker and organizer with 
the republican party. After his return 
from the east he took up active practice at 
Indianapolis, and in the course of seven 
years had gaine<l a secure position at the 
Indianapolis bar. He was before taking 
office a member of the law firm of Weyl 
and Jewett. 

In politics Mr. Jewett has shown great 
ability as an organizer and harmonizer. 
In 1913 he was one of the orgranizers of 
the Republican Union, a movement having 
for its essential object the promotion of 
harmony between the republicans and pro- 
gressives. Because of the success of this 
union he was made chairman in 1914 of the 
Marion County Republican Central Com- 
mittee. In that year the republican county 
nominees were elected by pluralities of 
more than 4.(KX). In 1916, while he was 
still chairman, the republican county ticket 
was elected by a plurality of more than 
9,000. It was on this reconl and on ac- 
count of many other qualifications as a 
leader that Mr. Jewett 's name was put at 
the head of the municipal ticket of 1917. 

In Ma.sonry he is a Royal Arch and a 
thirty-second degree Scottish Rite and 
Shriner. He l>el(>ngs to the Marion and 
Columbia clubs, and he and his wife are 
memlwrs of the Methotlist Episcopal 
Church. ()ctol>er 25. 1911, Mr. Jewett 
marrieil Miss Elizabeth Dougherty. Her 
father Hugh Dougherty is a vice president 
of the Fletcher Savings and Trust Com- 
pany. 



George P. Haywood. The record of 
George Price Haywood of Lafayette — 
thirty-five years as a practicing lawyer, 
several important positions in public life, 
and numerous activities as a citizen and 
business man — requires no apology for its 
insertion in this history of Indiana and 
Indianans. 

His early j-ears were of rustic associa- 
tion with an Indiana farm in the southern 
part of Tippecanoe County, where he was 
bom December 15, 1852, one of the eleven 
children of Henr>" and Martha (Sherwood) 
Haywood. Beginning in the common 
schools he afterwards attended Green Hill 
Academy and in 1876 graduated from Val- 
paraiso University. In the meantime, in 
his nineteenth year, he had taken up 
teaching, and this occupation, continued 
for about six years, furnished a source of 
livelihood while he was studying law. 

Mr. Haywood was admitted to the bar 
at Lafayette in 1880. For two j'ears he 
was in the law office of Behm & Behm of 
Lafayette, but in 1882 formed a partner- 
ship with W. F. Bechtel. Then from 1884 
to 1896 he again practiced alone, and from 
the latter year until the first of Januarv, 
1915, was a partner with Charles A. Bur- 
nett, constituting the prominent law firm 
of Haj-wood & Burnett. For the last three 
years Mr. Haywood has resumed individ- 
ual practice. 

In the meantime he has filled many posi- 
tions of trust and responsibility with 
credit to him.self. In 1886 he was elected 
prosecuting attorney of the Twenty-third 
Judicial Circuit, embracing Tippecanoe 
County, and was re-elected in 1888. Those 
two terms furnished him some of the most 
valuable experience he has ever had as a 
la\i7'er. In the spring of 1892 Mr. Hay- 
wood was given the republican nomination 
for reporter of the Supreme Court. This 
honor was conferred upon him in the re- 
publican state convention at Fort WajTie. 
Those familiar with the political historj' 
of that year will hardly need to be in- 
formed that Mr. Haywood, along with the 
rest of the republican ticket of the state, 
went down in defeat. In 1900 Mr. Hav- 
wooil was a delegate from the Tenth Dis- 
trict of Indiana to the republican national 
convention held at Philadelphia, where 
President McKinley was renominated and 
Theodore Roosevelt was put on the ticket 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1303 



for the vice presidency. Mr. Ha\'wood 
has always been looked upon as a leader 
in republican party affairs in his home 
county. In 1894 he was elected republi- 
can county chairman and filled that office 
two years. 

Among other services he was city attor- 
ney of Lafayette twelve years, being first 
appointed to that office in 1894. For four 
years from the spring of 1910 he was 
owner and publisher of the Lafayette 
Journal, a morning daily newspaper. He 
is now president and principal owner of 
tht» Haywood Publishing Company of La- 
fayette. Mr. Haywood is a Knight Tem- 
plar Mason. He has also taken the Scot- 
tish Rite degrees, is a meml)er of the Mys- 
tic Shrine, the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks and the Knights of Pythias. 
In 1879 he married Mi.ss Mary Marshall, 
of Montmorenci, Indiana. Thev are the 
parents of three children : Leona, Marshall 
and George P., Jr. 

ilARViN Tri'm.xn C.\se, M. D. An in- 
dividual life when directed by a high pur- 
pose through a long period of years may 
attain a maximum of service greater than 
that perfonned l)y many l)etter known 
characters in history un(ler the stress of 
abnormal conditions. One such life that 
calls for special honor in this publication 
is that of Dr. Marvin Truman Case of 
Attica. Doctor Case was for nearlv three 
years a hard fighting soldier of the I'nion 
during the Civil war. But the maximum 
of his service has been given not as a sol- 
dier but as a fighter in the interests of 
humanity at Attica, where he has prac- 
ti<*c<l medicine steadilv for over fortv- 
five years, and though one of the oldest 
physicians in that part of the state is still 
on duty, and doing all he can to alleviate 
the ills that l>eset his fellow lieings. It is 
not easy in a brief sketch to indicate all the 
good that flows from such a life and char- 
acter. 

Doi'tor Case was bom rn Walworth 
County. Wisconsin, June 18. 1843, second 
son of William Henry and Sybil (Howe) 
Case, whose family consisted of three sons 
and three daughters. His early life was 
spent in several different states. He was 
with his parents four years in Wisconsin, 
nine years in Cattaraugus County. New 
York, four years in St. Joseph County. 
Michigan, and a year and a half in St. Clair 



County, Illinois. During that time he at- 
tendeti the public schools in these different 
locaHtirs and als4> shared in the labors of 
the home farm. 

While living in Illinois his oldest brother, 
Henry Harlan, enlisted in August, 1861, in 
Company D of the Ninth Illinois Infantry, 
Hfid died of typhus fever at Padueah, 
Kentucky, in September of the same year. 
In March, 1862, the family moved to a 
farm in Warren County, Indiana, and 
there Dr. Case helped cultivate a crop of 
corn. Then in the late summer of that 
year, feeling that his turn had come to 
serve the country, he enlisted August 15, 
1862, in Company D of the Eighty-sixth 
Indiana Infantry. With that company he 
served until the close of the war. He was 
a private in the ranks until May. 1864, 
when he was detailed as color guard. In 
July of the same year, while in the trenches 
before Atlanta, he was made first sergeant 
of his company, and enjoyed that non-com- 
missioned rank until mustered out at the 
close of the war in June. 1865. His record 
shows him to have been a (|uiet, efficient 
and faithful soldier in every reIation.ship 
of his service. He was present every day 
with his regiment from muster in to muster 
out. During his first days in camp he con- 
tracted pneumonia, from which his com- 
plete recovery was slow, but he has no hos- 
pital record, never having lieen a patient 
in hospital all the time he was in the army. 
Furthermore, he participated in every en- 
gagement in which his regiment took part. 

On being mustered out in June, 1865, 
Doctor Case returned to Warren County, 
and trie<l to resume farming. Finding 
himself unable and without sufficient 
strength to do farm work, he engaged in 
teaching in the public schools, and was a 
teacher from 1865 to 1868 inclusive. Dur- 
ing the years 1867-68 he was county super- 
intendent of schools. In the fall of 1868 
he entereil the University of Michigan as 
a student in the pharmacy, chemistry and 
medical departments. He graduated with 
the degree P. C. in 1869 and tatiirht in that 
department during 1869-70. In March, 1870 
he was awanleil his medical decree, and 
with the ink still fresh on that document 
he arrived at Attica April 1, 1870. and be- 
gan the practice of medicine and surgery, 
which he has continued with unabated in- 
terest for over fortv-five vears. He was 
at first associated with Doctor Jones for 



1304 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



two yean, until Doctor Jones removed to 
Indianapolis. Since that time he has had 
as professional associate Thomas J. Leech 
from 1875 to 1878, Aqoilla Washbnme 
from 1881 to 1883, John E. Morris in 1897- 
98, and Louis A. Boiling from 1900 to 
1907. In addition to looking after a large 
private practice he was for several years 
local United States examining surgeon for 
pensions, and a member of the Fountain 
County Board of Pension Examining Sur- 
geons. For a busy practitioner he has 
filled many offices of trust that require 
much time without corresponding compen- 
sation. During 1875-76 he was county 
superintendent of schools. For six years 
he was a trustee of the Attica public 
schools, and has been a trustee of the Car- 
negie Public Librarj' since its establish- 
ment at Attica. He has served as city 
health oflScer for more than thirty years, 
and has been a member of the Logan Town- 
ship Advisor>' Board since establishment. 

Doctor Case has been a director of the 
Building and Loan Association at Attica 
during its growth from assets of nothing 
until they now amount to nearly $1,000,- 
000. He is still active in professional and 
other affairs, and it is his ardent hope that 
he may continue to be spared many years 
and continue an active participant in the 
work of bettering conditions in his home 
locality. His fellow citizens look upon him 
as one of the most dependable men in the 
community, always ready to do their bit 
for the suppression of Prussianism. Doctor 
Case is at present a trustee of the Metho- 
dist Church and was for several years 
superintendent of its Sabbath School and 
for five years has taught the adult Bible 
Class as alternate with John Travis. 

Doctor Case has had an ideally happy 
home life and with three living children 
he and his wife also renew their youth 
and the memories of their own children 
in four grandchildren. November 16, 
1870, Do<»tor Case, soon after he entered 
upon active practice as a physician, married 
Miss KlizalH*th DeMotte. Mrs. Case was 
formerlv a teacher of music, choir leader 
and Sabbath S<*hool and church worker, 
the latter interests still continuing. Five 
children were bom to them, death claim- 
ing three. Those living are Miss Jessie 
and Clarence DeMotte. Miss Jessie has 
been a teacher of piano in Tudor Hall at 
Indianapolis for several years and is a 



musician of great technical ability and most 
successful as a teacher. The son, Clarence 
DeMotte, holds a responsible position in 
the proof reading rooms of Sears, Roebuck 
& Company at Chicago, where he has been 
employed for five and a half years. Lauren 
Wilber, a younger son, was an invalid in 
New Mexico, his ill health being the residt 
of exposure during the Spanish-American 
war, and his death occurred on the 7th of 
December, 1918. Both sons were married. 
Clarence D. is the father of three bright 
boys and a beautiful daughter. The 
youngest of these grandchildren is a four 
year old boy with overflowing vitality and 
a tremendous bump of inquisitiveness. 

Lincoln Hesler had a career as a law- 
yer and citizen such as all thinking people 
must admire. He was best known in the 
counties of Fountain and Montgomery, 
where for over a quarter of a century he 
practiced law. For twelve years before 
his death his home was in Crawfordsville. 

A well rounded and sincere tribute to his 
life is found in the words of a memorial 
resolution drawn up and presented by a 
committee of the Montgomery County Bar 
in the following language : 

''Lincoln Hesler, son of William and 
Matilda Hesler, was bom in Fountain 
County, Indiana, Aug^ust 21, 1862, and de- 
parted this life at Crawfordsville Novem- 
ber 3, 1918. He was married to Jennie 
Sumner December 6, 1883. His widow and 
two sons, Russell L. and Herbert S., who 
at the time of his death were both in the 
United States military service, survive him. 

**Mr. Hesler was graduated from De- 
Pauw University at Oreencastle in 1884, 
being while there a member of the Phi 
Delta Theta fraternity, and in January of 
that year was admitted to practice law and 
became a member of the Fountain County 
bar. He was engaged in the active practice 
of his chosen profession for a period of 
twenty-seven years and then very reluct- 
antly closed his office after his health had 
failed and his physician had advised that 
he would have to give up the practice. For 
twent>--one years he practiced in Fountain 
County and for six years in Montgomery 
County. He never sought political prefer- 
ment but during the greater portion of 
the period of his practice he was attorney 
for the City of Veedersburg. He did not 
enter the practice for the purpose of mak- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1305 



ing money, or with a view to gaining a 
reputation as a great lawyer, but beeauHe 
of his fondness for the scienee of law. It 
was faiic*inatiiig to him and he enjoyed it. 
He reganled law as a seienee — a human 
method of dealing out justice between men. 
lie was ethical in his practice, fair to his 
colleagiu»s and loyal to his clients. In his 
death the Montgomery County Bar has 
lost one of its most loyal and conscientious 
members, the community an honest and 
patriotic citizen.*' 

Mr. Hcsler's parents, William and Ma- 
tilda (Furr) Hesler, were Iwth natives of 
Kentucky, and they and their four chil- 
dren, two sons and two daughters, Jacob, 
Ida, Serina and Lincoln, are all now de- 
ceased. 

Mrs. Lincoln Ilesler was bom at Coving- 
ton, Indiana, April 27, 1865, a daughter of 
Alvah and Emily (Booe) Sumner. Her 
father was a native of Ohio, bom March 
26, 1828, and came to Indiana with his 
parents at the age of nineteen. He spent 
his active life as a cabinet maker and he 
made all the furniture with which he and 
his bride began housekeeping. He died in 
1916. Mrs. Ilesler *8 mother was bom De- 
cember 26, 1830, in New Liberty, Indiana, 
and died Noveml>er 28, 1908. In the Sum- 
ner family were four children, three sons 
and one daughter: Alfonso, now a mer- 
chant at Waynetown, Indiana; Will H., a 
merchant-tailor at Peru, Indiana; Frank, 
de<*ease<l : Jennie Ma v. 

_ • 

The older of two sons, Ruaaell TiOwell 
was l)orn at Vee<iersburg, Indiana, June 5, 
1H9,3. He graduated from the Trawfords- 
ville High School in 1912 and from Wa- 
bash College with the class of 1917. He was 
a member of the Kappa Sigma fratemity. 
Immediately after leaving Wabash he 
entered the First Officers Training Camp 
at Fort Benjamin Harrison, and received 
his coveted position as a second lieutenant. 
He was first assigned to depot brigade duty 
at Camp Zacharv- Taylor, Kentucky, and 
was transferred to the S(*hool of arms for 
special instmction at Camp Perry, Ohio, 
where he was awarded a medal as a sharp 
shooter. Then came his later assignment 
as instmctor of arms at Camp Cody, New 
Mexico, where he remained at his post of 
duty until the close of the war. 

Herl>ert Sumner Hesler, the younger son, 
was iKirn at Vee<lersburg, November 24, 
1897. He graduated from the Crawfords- 



ville High School in 1915 and then entered 
Wabash College. He was also a member of 
the Kappa Sigma fratemity. During 1918 
he took special intensive military training 
for three months at Harvard University, 
and was then assigned as a sergeant and in- 
stmctor in the Students Army Training 
Corps at Wabash College. !^'ovember 13th, 
two days after the signing of the armistice, 
he was selected to enter Camp Urant to 
train for a commission. 

The Ilesler home is at 222 West Main 
Street in Crawfordsville, and it was there 
that Mr. Hesler after retiring from law 
practice spent his time in delightful com- 
panionship with his family, his books and 
his friends. He was a member of the 
Christian Church, the Masonic Order and 
the Tribe of Hen-Hur. 

Dt'mont Kennedy. For more than half 
a century the Crawfordsville bar has been 
honored bv the services and talents of the 
Kenne<ly family. Dumont Kennedy has 
practices! law there for thirty years or more 
and is a son of the late PeU^r S. Kennedy, 
one of Indiana's stalwart lawyers and 
citizens during the middle years of the 
last century. 

Dumont Kennedy was bom in a log 
house at Danville, Indiana, July 12, 1861, 
son of Peter S. and Emily (Talbot) Ken- 
nedy. Peter S. Kennedy was bom in Bour- 
l)on County, Kentucky, July 10, 1829, son 
of Joseph Kennedy. His early life was 
spent in a pioneer time and environment, 
and his attainments were largely a measure 
of his individual exertions as a youth. At 
the age of twenty he wfui teaching school 
after a hard earned education, and he 
utilized all his leisure time to study law. 
He became not only a successful attorney 
but was a prolific writer on legal subjects. 
He was frequently called upon to serve as 
a special judge of the district. From 1856 
to 1858 he was prosecuting attorney of the 
IndianafKilis Circuit, having been elected 
on the republican ticket. For many years 
he enjoyeil a large private practice in 
Crawfordsville, where he die<l September 
7, 1903. Masonrv' and Odd Fellowship 
constitutetl his religion. During the Civil 
war he organized a company for the Sev 
cnth Indiana Regiment, ancl was with his 
command as a lieutenant. In 1874 he rep- 
resented Montgomer\' County in the In- 
diana State Legislature. Peter S. Kennedy 



1306 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



and wife were married near Lexington, 
Kentucky, October 6, 1853. They had 
three sons and three daughters : Bettie Tal- 
bot, deceased; Joseph Courtney, now of 
Lewiston, Idaho; Schuyler Colfax, de- 
ceased; Dumont; Katie, wife of C. A. 
Foresman, of North Takima, Washington ; 
and Ora Leigh, matron of the State Nor- 
mal School at Lewiston, Idaho. 

Dumont Kennedy was three years old 
when his parents came to Montgomery 
County, and he has been a resident of that 
County ever since. He graduated from the 
Crawfordsville High School with the cla.ss 
of 1882 and studied law in his father's 
office. lie also had some early experience 
as a teacher. After admission to the bar 
he took up active pra<»tirc, and in 1894 
was elected prosecuting attorney of Mont- 
gomery County, being reelected in 1896. 
In 1900 he was ele<*ted clerk of the Mont- 
gomery' Circuit Court and by reelection in 
1904 served eight vears. An unsolicited 

• 

honor and a tribute to his citizenship came 
to him in 1917 when he was elected mayor 
of Crawfordsville, an office he still holds. 
Mr. Kennedy is a republican. His success 
and achievements as a lawyer are the re- 
sult of long concentration and work, but 
through it all he has kept manv livelv in- 
terests in varied affairs outside his legal 
profession. Mr. Kennedy owns a beautiful 
suburban home near Crawfordsville, com- 
prising sixteen acres. There he has the 
land and opportunity to allow him full 
bent in the culture of flowers, fruits and 
stock and the enjoyment of outdoor life. 
He has always had a keen interest in his- 
tory*. }K>th general and local, has been 
president of the Monteomerv Countv His- 
torical So<*iety since 1910, and in his home 
has a rare collection of historic relics of 
various kinds. He is a member of the 
Mas^mic Order an«l the Knights of Pythias. 
June 23, 1897. Mr. Kennedy married 
Miss Mary E. Wilhite, a talented daughter 
of Eleazer A. and Man* (Hollowav'i Wil- 
bite. Mrs. Kcnnedv was bom in Crawfords- 
ville. June 6, 1S67. graduated from high 
»*clu>ol an<l later from the Boston School of 
Oratory, and for seven years was a teacher 
until her marriage. Mr. and Mrs. Kennedy 
bave one djiuirhter, Emily Elizal>eth, Iwirn 
SoptcTuber T), 1JK>6. 

Hon. Jvmfs Atwem. Moint was a gov- 
ernor of Indiana whose administration 



had the breadth and vigor derived from 
long intimate associations with the lives 
and processes of an agricultural commu- 
nity, and also that seasoned judgment ac- 
quired by long experience in dealing with 
all sorts of people. He served Indiana 
well as chief executive in a period when 
the economic affairs of the state and its 
people were beset by many complex prob- 
lems. 

He came of pioneer stock. His father, 
Atwell Mount, was born in Virginia in 
1806. was taken to Kentucky in 1813, and 
in 1826 married Lucinda Fullenwider of 
that state. In 1828 they moved to Mont- 
gomery County, Indiana, and were among 
the industrious God-fearing, and high- 
minded early settlers of that locality, ac- 
cepting bravely all the responsibilities laid 
upon them by destiny, including the rear- 
ing of twelve children, one of whom, James 
Atwell, was born on the home farm in 
Montgomery County in 1843. The sources 
of his early inspiration were the familiar 
scenes and experiences of an average 
farmer boy. He had to do work requiring 
muscular skill and keen intelligence, be- 
came self-reliant, prompt, obedient and 
trustful. From the quiet life of the farm 
he was suddenly transferred to scenes of 
violence and warfare at the age of nineteen, 
when he enlisted in 1862 in the Seventy- 
Second Indiana Infantry. This was part 
of the famous Wilder 's Brigade. General 
Wilder him.self subsequently testified to the 
bravery of young Mount in volunteering 
twice for the skirmish line at Chickamauga, 
wben to do so was almost certain death. 
The regimental history says that James A. 
Mount was the first skirmisher of Sher- 
man s army to cross the Chattahoochee 
River at Roswell, Georgia, at daylight, 
July 9, 1864. Even when ill from measles 
he marched through days of incessant rain 
and for three years missed not a single 
march, .skirmish or battle. 

After the war he used his limited means 
for a vear of studv at the Presbyterian 
Academv at Lebanon, Indiana. He made 
that year count two years so far as progress 
in his studies was concerned. 

In l>i67 he married, and with no capital 
beyond a well traine<l mind and ability to 
wi rk hard he started farming. The story 
of wha^ be exf>erienced and accomplished 
as a farmer is perhaps most significant of 
any that throws light on his character, and 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



1309 



utation that is more Kig^nft<*ant today than 
at any time in history. Mr. Butler is a 
republican, a member of the Knigrhts of 
Pvthias, and he and his wife are com- 
municantji of the Center Presbyterian 
Church at Crawfordsville. 

Edward EiKii.EsTON. author, was born at 
Vovay, Indiana, I)ei*eral>er 10, 1837. His 
father, .lo«<»ph Cary Egjflt*ston, was a Vir- 
pinian, a graduate of William and Mar>' 
College, and of the Winchester Law S*»hool, 
wh<» Im'atcd at Vevay in 1832, and bejjran 
the practice of law. He held a leadinj? 
phicc at the bar; was elected to the State 
Senate in 1840, and was defeate<l as the 
whip candidate for Congress in 1844. He 
died in 1846, at the ape of thirty-four. He 
married, at Vevay, Mary J. Craip, daugh- 
ter of Capt. (fcorjre Craip, one of the ear- 
liest settlers of Switzerland County. She 
was lK)ni in the block-house which stood 
on the bank of the Ohio, four miles Mow 
Vevay. She died June 15. 1857. 

Edward inherited a frail constitution, 
and he had little s*'hoolinjr outside of his 
home, except a brief stay at Amelia Aca<l- 
emy, Virginia, when he was seventeen. His 
stay in Virginia, as well as brief n»sidences 
in Decatur C<»unty, Indiana, and in Min- 
nesota, were in search of health. His was 
e case of early piety. He joined the 
Methodist Church at the age of eleven, and 
at nineteen entereil its ministry. After six 
months as a circuit rider in Indiana, he 
again went to Minnesota an a Methodist 
minister, and had charges at St. Paul, 
Stillwater. Winona, and St. Peter. While 
at St. I*eter he married Elizabeth Snider, 
and to them were bom three daughters. 

In Minnesota his health was so bad that 
in 1866 he was compellwl to abandon the 

ministn*. He located at Evanston, Illi- 

• ^ 

nois, and became editor of **The Little 
Corporal,'' and a few months later, of 
the ** National Sunday-School Teacher." 
Here he began writing stories, and in 1870 
published a collection of these in book form 
under the title, **The Hook of Queer Sto- 
ries.'* This was followed by ** Stories 
Told on a Cellar Door." For several years 
he corresponded for the New York Inde- 
pendent, under the name of **Pen 
Holder;" and in May, 1870, was called to 
the position of literary editor of that paper, 
becoming chief editor a few months later, 

on the death of Theodore Tilton. 
T«i« m— r 



» » 



»» 



In July, 1871, he resigneil to take edi- 
torial charge of ** Hearth and Home," in 
which he published hLs ^^Hoosler School- 
master." The ori^nal desi^ of this was 
three or four sketches, but it proved so 
popular that he extendetl it to its full 
form, and issued it in book form on its 
completion. It had a circulation of over 
20,(XK) the first year and is still in demand; 
and has been translateil into French and 
Dani.sh. In 1872 he resigned his position 
of editor for lKX)k work ; but also accepted 
the pastorate of the "Church of Christian 
Endeavor," an independent organization 
in Brooklyn, devotinl chiefly to social 
service. 

In 1879 bad health forced the abandon- 
ment of this iK)8ition. He built a beautiful 
home (»n l^ake (Jeorge, known as "Owl's 
Nest," to which he retired, and where most 
of his subse(juent works were written — 
among them *The End of the World," 
"The Mystery of .Metropolisville," "The 
Faith l)o<*ti>r," **The Hoosier School 
Roy." "Duflfeis," "The Circuit Rider, 
"Christ in Literature," "Christ in Art, 
"Roxy,'* "The (irayson.s." "History of 
the Cnited States." In conjunction with 
his daughter, Mrs. Lillie Seelye, he pub- 
lished "Famous American Indians" in five 
volumes, lie died at Lake George, Sep- 
temlKT 2, 1902. 

Mr. Eggleston's portraiture of Hoosier 
character and dialect has attracted much 
comment and criticism, which he answered 
in prefaces of the later editions of his 
lM>ok.s. Perhaps the best statement of the 
original sources of his characters and in- 
cidents is in the "History of Dearborn, 
Ohio and Switzeriand Counties" (1885) 
at paire 1061. See also "The Indianian," 
Vol. 7, p. 37, and George Carv Eggleston's 
"The First Hoosier," and ** Recoil ectiona 
of a Varied Life." 

George Cary Eoolehton, brother of Ed- 
wanl Eggleston (q. v. as to parentage), 
was bom at Vevay, Indiana, November 26, 
1839. He attended college at Asbur>', In- 
diana, and Richmond, Virginia; read law 
at Richmond, and was beginning to prac- 
tice when the Civil war began. He enlisted 
in Stuart's "Black Horse Cavalrv," but 
was transferred to Longstreet's corps of 
artiller>-, and remained in that service, 
commanding a mortar fort at the siege of 
Petersburg. After the war he practiced 



1310 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



law at Cairo, Illinois until 1870, when he 
began newspaper work on the Brooklyn 
Union. 

In 1871 he joined the staff of ''Hearth 
and Home/' then edited by Edward Eg- 
gleston, and here wrote his first book, 
**How to Educate Yourself," for Put- 
nam's Handy Book Series. This was soon 
followed by his first novel, ''A Man of 
Honor," and his ''Recollections of a 
Rebel," written at the request of Howells 
for the * ' Atlantic. ' ' He continued in news- 
paper work, as literary editor of the New * 
Vork Evening Post, Commercial Adver- 
tiser, and World; but also found time to 
write for numerous magazines, and to pub- 
lish some thirty books. 

Among his publications are "How to 
Make a Living," *'How to Make a Li- 
brary," '*The Big Brother," "Captain 
Sam," "The Signal Boys," "The Red 
Eagle," "The Wreck of the Red Bird," 
"Bale Marked Circle X," "American Im- 
mortals," "Blind Alleys," "Camp Ven- 
ture," "A Carolina Cavalier," "Dorothy 
South," "History of the Confederate 
War," "Jack Shelby," "Ust of the Flat- 
boats," "Long Knives," "Life in the 
Eighteenth Centura," "Southern Soldier 
Stories," "Strange Stories from History," 
"Juggernaut" (in collalwration with Do- 
lores Marbourg), and ** Recollections of a 
Varied Life." He eilited "American War 
Ballads," and the American edition of 
'*navdn*s Dictionan- of Dates." 

Mr. Eggleston was married at Cairo, 
September 9, 1868, to Miss Marion Craggs. 
He died at New York, April 14, 1911. His 
"The First Hoosier," and his '^Reeollec- 
tions" are especially interesting in connec- 
tion with Indiana history and the literar>' 
life of his time. 

Capt. Henry H. Talbot. It has been 
the gracious privilege of Capt. Henr>' H. 
Talbot of Crawfonlsville to review the emo- 
tions and experiences of the great Ameri- 
can Civil war through which he passed as a 
gallant soldier and officer when he lent his 
encrgi«*s to tiie forces of the World war 
when America joined the allies in overcom- 
injr the menace (»f Prussianism in the world. 
Captain TallK)t is now one of the scattere<l 
remnants of that jrreat army that foupht 
afrainst slavery more than half a century 
aj?o. and the honors he achieved as a soldier 
have been repeated again and again as a 



substantial citizen and for many years as 
a practical farmer in Montgomery County. 

He comes of a family of soldiers, pion- 
eers and patriots. He was bom at Lexing- 
ton, Fayette County, EentuclQr, September 
6, 1841, son of Courtney and Elizabeth 
(Harp) Talbot. His great-grandfather, 
John Kennedy, bom October 16, 1742, was 
a soldier in the struggle for independence. 
A grant to nearly 3,000 acres of land on 
Kennedy's Creek in Bourbon County, Ken- 
tucky, was issued to John Kennedy and his 
brother Joseph Kennedy. The record of 
that transaction, a copy of which is in the 
possession of Captain Talbot, shows that 
the land was located and surveyed by Maj. 
Daniel Boone, October 16, 1779. 

The paternal grandfather of Captain 
Talbot was Nicholas Talbot, bom in Vir- 
ginia November 10, 1781. He was an early 
settler in Kentucky, where his son Court- 
ney was bom September 3, 1804. Elizabeth 
Harp was bom in Fayette County, Ken- 
tucky, July 14, 1813. 

The Talbots of Kentucky were planters 
and slave owners, and Captain Talbot was 
the only one of the family to espouse the 
cause of the Union in the Civil war, a num- 
ber of his relatives having fought on the 
other side. Captain Talbot was twenty 
years old when the war broke out. His 
earlier life had been 8|>ent on the farm, 
with a practical education in the common 
schools. At the very outbreak of the war 
he enlisted in a three months' regiment, 
and later became a member of Company C, 
Seventh Kentucky Cavalry. His first 
battle was at Richmond, Kentucky, August 
30, 1862. Upon the cavalry arm of the 
Federal forces devolved some of the most 
hazardous and responsible duties in con- 
nection with waging the war in the Miss- 
issippi Valley. Thus Captain Talbot was 
expired to many more dangers than those 
encountered by the average soldier in in- 
fantry commands, and for nearly three 
years was riding about over many states 
of the Central South, scouting, raiding, 
guarding lines of communication. Some 
of his hardest service was against Long- 
street around Knoxville, Tennessee, in the 
winter of 1863-64. He was in the Wilson 
cavalry raid, which started from Eastport, 
Mississippi, and ended with Captain Tal- 
bot's repiment in Florida. He was also in 
the Atlanta campaign, and fought in the 
last battle of the war at Westpoint, 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



1811 



Georgia, April 16, 1865. He waa mnatered 
oat at Nashville July 17, 1865. Captain 
Tdbot was twice wounded, once through 
the right breast and once through the rif^t 
leg. Soldierly conduct, bravery and ef- 
ficiency won him several promotions, be- 
ing advanced to the rank of second lieuten- 
ant and later to captain of his company. 

When the war was over Captain Talbot, 
a veteran soldier, returned to his Kentucky 
home and resumed farming, but a few years 
later moved to Montgomery County, In- 
diana, where he acquii^ a large farm near 
CrawfordsviUe. He has been one of the 
leading stock raisers in that community 
and all branches of farming have appealed 
to him and he has long been recognized as 
a master of those arts concerned in making 
the soil produce abundantly. For many 
years he has enjoyed one of the best coun- 
try homes of the county. 

During this time he has allied himself 
constantly with the elements of progress. 
In politics he has been a steadfast republi- 
can, though in 1912 he supported the pro- 
gressive ticket. He served one term as a 
member of the County Council. For two 
terms he was commander of McPherson 
Post No. 7, Grand Army of the Republic 
at CrawfordsviUe. He has been a Mason 
in good standing for more than half a cen- 
tur>', being affiliated with Montgomery 
Lcxlge No. 50, Ancient Free and Accepted 
MaKonH. 

On June 6, 1872. Captain Talbot married 
Miss Hettie A. Evans, daughter of Rev. 
Samuel and Mary (Woodruiff) Evans, of 
Waveland. Indiana. They became the par- 
ents of two (laughters. May Wood and 
Ethel. Ethel is the widow of Wallace 
Sparks, a former clerk of Montgomery 
County. 

James Bernard Waixace, in the opinion 
of his fellow citizens at Newcastle, is one 
c»f the most suceessful business men of the 
rity, and his success as a merchant has 
been a<*eompanied by a corresponding 
prominence in local politics. lie is a for- 
mer city treasurer and county treasurer 
an<l an acknowledged leader in the demo- 
cratic party of Henry County. 

Mr. Wallace's chief business is as a 
wholesale and retail dealer in baker>' goods, 
ccmfectioncry and ice cream. He was horn 
at Tnion City. Indiana. July 25. 1872, a 
mn of Put rick and Catheri'*'! (O'Leary) 



Wallace. His father waa bom in Ireland 
and at the age of fifteen came to Ameriea, 
settling in Jersey City, New Jersey. Later 
he moved to Union City, Indiana, and 
spent the rest of his life there. He died 
in 1916 and his wife passed away in 1889. 

James B. Wallace attended the parochial 
schools at Union City and for two years 
was a student in St. Mary's Institute at 
Dayton, Ohio. He began his career as a 
railroad man, working in different capaci- 
ties for the Big Four Railway Company, 
and eventually being made yardmaster at 
Union City, one of the important junction 
points of the railroad. He held that 
position nine years, but in 1901, when he 
came to Newcastle, he opened a confec- 
tionery store at 1309 Main Street. He 
sold his own products of confectionery and 
ice cream, and his rapid success in the busi- 
ness encouraged him to open a branch store 
at 1217 Race Street. He continued both 
eHtahliHhments until 1908. 

When Mr. Wallace entered politics he 
gave up his business. He was elected in 
1908 city treasurer over a republican can- 
didate in a normally republican city, and 
filled that office capably four years. In 
1912. as candidate for county treasurer on 
the democratic ticket, he was elected for a 
term of two years, but in 1914 the republi- 
can tide was too strong and he was defeated 
by a small margin. Soon after leaving 
office, on December 20, 1915, Mr. Wallace 
resumed business, establishing a new 
bakery, confectioner}' and ice cream store 
at 14079 Broad Street. He has developed 
not only a large local retail trade, but sells 
his goods wholesale to many groceries 
throughout Henry County. 

In 1905 Mr. Wallace married Eleanor 
Walsh, daughter of John Walsh of Marion, 
Ohio. She died in 1906. and in 1914 he 
married Margaret New, daughter of John 
New of Greenfield. Indiana. Mr. Wallace 
has ser^'Cd as a delegate to various demo- 
cratic state conventions. He is affiliated 
with the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks, Improved Order of Red Men and 
Fraternal Order of Eagles at Newcastle, 
and is a member of St. Ann's Catholic 
Church. 

■ 

JoH.v D. OoT'OAR. In the space allotted 
for that purpose it is difficult to estimate 
at all adtM|iiately the character and services 
of John I), (fougar. dean of the Lafayette 



1312 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



bar, and one of the few men still active in 
his profession who took his first case before 
the Civil war. From whatever standpoint 
it may be viewed his has been nothing less 
than a remarkable life, an encouragement 
and inspiration to all who may read this 
record. 

He was born near Circleville, Ohio, De- 
cember 10, 1836, son of Daniel and Hannah 
( Dunkle) Gougar. When he was five years 
of age in 1841 the parents moved to Tippe- 
canoe County, Indiana. More than thirty 
years had passed since the Indians made 
their notable stand here in the night attack 
upon (jcneral Harrison's army, and yet a 
large part of the county's area was un- 
cleared and unscttletl, and the first night 
the (iougar family passed in a log cabin 
on what is now the campus of Purdue Uni- 
versity. This log cabin and the land it 
(HM'Upicd was then owned by George Gou- 
gar. a brother of Daniel Gougar. Daniel 
Gougar l)Ought a farm for himself on the 
Wea plains, and lived there until 1850, 
when he died. His widow and her two chil- 
dren then returned to Ohio. 

John I). Gougar spent only the years 
from 1841 to 1850 in Tippecanoe county, 
and while here was a pupil in the district 
schools. His further e<lucation was com- 
pleted in Ohio, and in 1859 he graduated 
from Heidell)erg University at Tiffin, Ohio. 

Late in 1H59 he returned to some of the 
scenes of his youthful years at Lafayette, 
and t(M)k up the study of law with the well 
known finn of Chase & Wilstach. On May 
24, 1860. he was admitted to the bar, and 
while most of his contemporaries long since 
laid down their briefs he is at this writing, 
at the age of eighty-one, still in active prac- 
tice, the oldest member of the Lafayette 
bar and possessed of the profound respect 
antl warm friendship of the entire com- 
miinitv of that citv. 

Apart from the high position he has en- 
joy e<l in the legal profession and the mate- 
rial success that has come to him, one of the 
most stimulating and encouraging features 
of his life historj' is the fact that he was 
a!»le to oven'ome the handicap of an ex- 
ceedingly frail ^constitution during his 
childhoo<l an<l early youth and live to ad- 
vanced years filled with worthy achieve- 
ments. The primar>' reason for this un- 
doubtedly has been that he has lived on 
the high plane of absolute temperance, and 



has never in any form used intoxicating 
liquors nor tobacco. 

While it is difficult to do justice to the 
life and attainments of Mr. Gougar in such 
brief space, that difficulty is increased 
when reference is made to his honored and 
greatly beloved wife, the late Helen Mar 
(Jackson) Gougar, although there are so 
many permanent associations with her 
name and work in Indiana that the brevity 
of this paragraph will be excused. Mr. 
Gougar and Miss Helen Mar Jackson were 
united in marriage December 10, 1863. 
She was a member of a remarkable family, 
and herself one of the most brilliant women 
who can be claimed by Indiana. She was 
a native of Michigan, born near Hillsdale, 
educated at Hillsdale College. Her life 
wa8 one long, incessant battle in behalf of 
temperance and against the forces and 
ini<iuities of the liquor traffic. She was an 
ocjually able advocate of woman suffrage. 
She possessed abundant powers as an 
original writer, contributed frequently to 
prominent periodicals, but her great forte 
was as a speaker. Among the women of her 
day she had no equal as an orator and few 
men could keep an audience so completely 
within the spell of their words and logic as 
did she. She went about all over the coun- 
tr>', pleading the cause of temperance and 
of many reforms, and frequently addressed 
legislatures of different states on some re- 
form measure. While she believed in and 
worked for political equality, the value of 
her services were chiefly felt by women in 
what she did to relieve woman of the 
economic burdens long borne by her. When 
Mrs. Gougar began her work a married 
woman in many of our states was practi- 
cally the undisputed chattel of her hus- 
band, who could exercise his will with her 
children and her property, and it was in 
securing something like justice and a fair 
re<'ognition of woman's i;t*sponsibilitie8 and 
privileges over her own property in the 
eyes of the law that Mrs. Gougar accom- 
plished a work for which womankind must 
always be grateful. 

Because of her prominence she was asso- 
ciated in the same class with and was a 
valued friend and adviser of such great 
women leaders as Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 
Susan B. Anthony and others of her gen- 
eration. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gougar during her life 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1313 



were veritable jflobo trotteni, and visited 
almost everv country of the world. They 

• • • 

knew America thoroupfhly from the far 
north to Mexico and acquired extensive 
knowledjre of European countries and 
especially the countries around the Medi- 
terranea!!. In IJWK) thev visited Honolulu, 
Samoa, New Zealand, Australia and Tas- 
mania, and in 1902 circled the jflohe, tak- 
ing ton months for the journey. Durinfr 
this tour they saw the best of ever>'thinjr 
from North ('a|>e to the East Indies. On 
their return Mrs. (toupfar wrote ** Forty 
Thousand Miles of World Wandering.'' a 
record of her own experiences and olmi^rva- 
tion as a traveler. This is still one of the 
popular hooks of travel, and is profusely 
illustrate<l by pictures made by herself. 

Mrs. Oouffar died suddenly on the morn- 
ing of June 6, 1907, at the ajfe of nearly 
sixty-four. Since her death Sir. Gouprar 
has continued his travels. His lonpest jour- 
nev was in 1910-11 in South America. He 
traveled over seventeen thousand miles, 
crossing; the crest of the Andes Mountains 
five times, and traveliufr the wonderful 
Oroyo railway to a height of 15,665 feet. 
He saw the capitals, principal cities and 
most points of interest both in the Mid 
Continent and along the coast of South 
America. 

Joseph Sii.vnnon Xave. There has prob- 
ably not been a session of Circuit Court in 
Fountain County during the last forty 
years at which Joseph Shannon Nave has 
not appeare<l as counsellor for some of the 
cases tried. He is at once one of the oldest 
as well as the ablest lawyers of the Foun- 
tain county bar. and he is one of the digni- 
fied representatives of the profession in the 
state. 

His people have been identified with this 
county since pioneer days. Mr. Nave was 
bom on a farm in Shawnee Township of 
Fountain County September 17, 1851, a 
■on of John and Hannah J. (Shannon) 
Nave. His mother was of Irish stock, and 
a daughter of Thomas Shannon, who bore 
arms in the War of 1812 and grand- 
daughter of Samuel Shannon, who helped 
the colonies establish independence in the 
Revolution. Both served as officers in 
those wars. 

John Nave was bom in Butler Countv, 
Ohio, in 1826, son of John and Margaret 
(Cmbarger) Nave, both of whom were 



natives of Virginia. The Nave family is 
of Swiss ancestry. John Nave, Sr., brought 
his family to Fountain County in 1828, and 
ac(|uire<l a tract of the uncleared Govern- 
ment land then so plentiful in this state. 
On that farm John Nave, Jr., was reared, 
an<l he lived the life of a farmer until 1867, 
when he removed to Attica and handled 
his pn>|>erty from that point. He died 
April 17, 1872. He and his wife were mar- 
ried in 1850, in Virginia, where she waa 
born in 1834. She died at Attica January 
17, 1910. There were two sons, Joseph 
Shannon and Raymond M. The latter, who 
was born August 17, 185:J. graduated from 
Indiana Cniversity with the class of 1875, 
and is now manager of a large amount of 
I)roperty in Fountain County, his home be- 
ing at Attica. He married in 1881 Minnie 
Ray, a native of Attica, and they have two 
children, Robert and John Kirk. 

Joseph Shannon Nave lived on the old 
farin until 1867, and while there attended 
rural schools. He finished his literary edu- 
cation in Indiana Cniversity, graduating 
in the scientific course in 1872. Later he 
attended the law s<'hool of the University 
of Michigan, and was admitted to practice 
in 1874. From that year he has been iden- 
tified with the bar of Fountain County and 
l>esides carrying heavy burdens as a lawyer 
has l)een active in public affairs and haa 
directed some large business interests. In 
politics he has always been a democrat. 
From 1879 to 1883 he represented Poun- 
tain County in the State Ijegislature and 
made a most creditable record in that body, 
being member of several important com- 
mittees. 

Mr. Nave has large property interests in 
Fountain County and also at Wichita, Kan- 
sas. He is a director of the Farmers and 
Merchants State Bank of Attica. Frater- 
nally he is affiliated with the Masonic Or- 
der and is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church. 

September 30, 1879, Mr. Nave married 
Miss Jennie Isabel Rice, who was l>om at 
Rockvillc. hidiana. daughter of Thomas N. 
and Margaret (I)igby) Rice. Thomas N. 
Rice, her father, was a prominent lawyer 
of Parke County, Indiana, and died at 
Rockville in 1904. He represented his 
county both in the I^wer House and in 
the State Senate. Mr. and Mrs. Nave have 
two daughters, Margaret Isabel and lica- 
trice Shannon. The older is the wife of 



1314 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Louis L. Johnson, who was botn in Morgan 
County, Indiana. They have two children, 
Isabel Nave and Shannon Meredith. Bea- 
trice S. is the wife of Clement B. Isly, of 
Attica, Indiana. 

Judge Edwin P. Hammond, former jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court of Indiana, an 
honored soldier and officer of the Union 
army, lawyer of over half a century's ex- 
perience, has been characterized as one of 
the broadest, strongest and most honored 
representatives of either bench or bar who 
ever graced the profession in Jasper 
County, where for over thirty years he 
practiced as a resident of Rensselaer. Since 
1894 Judge Hammond has been a resident 
of Lafayette. 

He was bom at Brookville, Indiana, No- 
vember 26, 1835, a son of Nathaniel and 
Hannah (Sering) Hammond. The Ham- 
monds are an old New England family. 
Nathaniel Hammond came to Indiana from 
Vermont, and was married at Brookville. 
When Judge Hammond was fourteen years 
old his parents moved to Columbus, In- 
diana, where he was educated in the com- 
mon schools and in a seminary. The year 
1854 found him employed as cler^ in a 
wholesale dry goods store at Indianapolis. 
He was soon attracted from a business 
career to the law and began study at Terre 
Haute in the office of Abram A. Hammond 
and Thomas H. Nelson. Abram A. Ham- 
mond, a half-brother of Judge Hammond, 
was elected lieutenant governor of Indiana 
in 1856. and on the death of Governor 
Willard in 1859 bei^ame virtual governor. 
In 1856 Judge Hammond, after examina- 
tion, was admitted to the senior law class 
of Asbury, now DePauw, University at 
Qreeneastle. where he was graduated LL. B. 
in 1857. The next year he was admitted to 
the bar and in search for a location chose 
the isolated and prairie settlement of Rens- 
selaer in Jasper County. There he con- 
tinued to live and lal)or for more than 
thirty years and in that time built up a 
reputation which extended all over the 
state, both as a sound and able lawyer and 
as one of the foremost jurists of Indiana. 

His practice at Rensselaer was inter- 
rupted by his prompt enlistment for the 
three months' service at the outbreak of 
the Civil war. In April, 1861, he went to 
the front as second lieutenant of Company 
0, Ninth Indiana Infantry, and was after- 



wards commissioned first lieutenant, serv- 
ing under that great and brilliant soldier 
of Indiana, Robert H. Milroy, who rose to 
the rank of brigadier general. At the close 
of his military service in West Virginia, 
ninety days later, Mr. Hammond resumed 
his law practice at Rensselaer, and in 
October, 1861, was elected without oppo- 
sition to the Lower House of the Legisla- 
ture as a representative for the counties of 
Newton, Jasper and Pulaski. In August, 
1862, he assisted in recruiting Company A 
of the Eighty-seventh Indiana Infantry, 
was elected and commissioned its captain, 
March 22, 1863, rose to the rank of major, 
and November 21st of the same year to 
lieutenant colonel. Except for a short time 
in 1863-64, when at home recruiting volun- 
teers, he was at the front continuously, and 
when the colonel of the regiment was placed 
at the head of the brigade Mr. Hammond 
was advanced to command of the Eighty- 
seventh, and so continued in the campaigfns 
from Chattanooga to Atlanta, in the march 
to the sea and up through the Carolinas to 
Washington. At the battle of Chickamauga 
September 19 and 20, 1863, his regiment 
went into the engagement with 363 men, 
and lost in killed and wounded 199 men, 
more than half the number. At the close 
of the war, on the recommendation of his 
brigade, division and corps commanders, he 
was brevetted colonel in the United States 
Volunteers, **for g^lant and meritorious 
service during the war." 

Colonel Hammond resumed his practice 
at Ren.sselaer and in a few years had earned 
a high and substantial professional stand- 
ing and a large practice. In March, 1873, 
Oov. Thomas A. Hendricks appointed him 
to the position of judge of the Thirtieth Ju- 
dicial District, to which oflSce he was elected 
in the fall of the same year. Again in 1878 
he was elected without opposition for a 
term of six years. On May 14, 1883, 
Judge Hammond was appointed by Gov. A. 
G. Porter as a justice of the Supreme 
Court of the state to fill a vacancy caused 
by the elevation of Hon. William A. Woods 
to the United States District Bench. Judge 
Hammond in the fall of 1884 was the nomi- 
nee of the republican party for judge of 
the Supreme Court from the Fifth District, 
but was defeated along with the rest of the 
ticket. Judge Hammond retired from the 
Supreme Court Bench in January, 1885, 
with a judicial record and personal popu- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1315 



larity which few have equalled. A high 
tentimonial to his individual attainments 
and popularity was in the fact that in 1884 
he received 5,000 more votes than did the 
head of the ticket in Indiana. During the 
next five years he practiced law at Rens- 
selaer, and then ser\'ed again as circuit 
judge from 1890 to 1892. Resigning from 
the bench in August, 1892, Judge Ham- 
mond formed a partnership with Charles 
B. and William V. Stuart of I^afayette 
under the firm name of Stuart Brothers & 
Hammond, with offices at Lafayette and 
with Judge Hammond in charge of the 
firm's business at Rensselaer. In 1894 
Judge Hammond removed to Lafayette and 
as a member of the firm Stuart, Hammond 
& Stuart continued to sustain hU well 
earned reputation as one of the foremost 
lawyers of Indiana. In 1892 Wabash Col- 
lege conferred upon Judge Hammond the 
degree LL. D. 

Prior to the war he was a democrat, but 
afterward supported the principles of the 
republican party and in 1872 was a dele- 
gate to the Republican National Conven- 
tion when General Grant was renominated 
for the second term. Judge Hammond be- 
came affiliated with the Masonic Order, the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the 
Grand Army of the Republic, the Fnion 
Veteran I/cgion and the Loyal Legion, and 
for many years served as a member of the 
l)oard of managers of the National Home 
for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers. He also 
has meml>ership in the Lafayette and Lin- 
coln clubs at Lafayette. 

March 1, 1864, Judge Hammond married 
Mary V. Spitler of Rensselaer. The sur- 
viving children of their marriage are: 
Ijonie. wife of William B. Austin ; Eugenia 
and Nina V. R. Hammond. Judge Ham- 
mond has a grandchild, Virgie, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. William B. Austin. He also 
has a grandson. Nathaniel Hammond IIov- 
ner, son of his deceased daughter, Mrs. Ed- 
ward A. Hovner. He served in the avia- 
tion corps of the Tnited States of America 
in the world's conflict. 

Frank Ga.MEii, a prominent young law- 
yer, now serving as city judge of South 
Bend, came to Indiana from Virginia, 
where his people for several generations 
have been prominent as soldiers, profession- 
al men, planters and as private citizens. 

His great-grandfather, George Gilmer, 



was bom in Albemarle County, yirginia* 
a son of Scotch parents who were eolcmial 
settlers. George Gilmer was a phydeianf a 
contemporary and friend of Thomas Jeffer- 
son and served as a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary war. 

George Gilmer, Jr., also a native of Al- 
bemarle County, became a planter, and 
conducted a large estate on the James 
River, about ten miles from Charlottesville. 
Though in advanced years he served the 
Confederate cause during the war. He 
died in Virginia when about seventy-nine 
years of age. His wife was a member of 
the prominent Walker family of Virginia. 
Her death occurred when about seventy. 

Judge Gilmer's father was also named 
Frank Gilmer and was born in Albemarle 
County, Virginia, in 1853. He graduated 
from the law department of the University 
of Virginia, anil on being admitted to the 
bar began practice at Charlottesville and 
attained prominence in his profession. For 
twenty. two years he was prosecuting at- 
toriicv for Albemarle County. He died in 
October. 1917. The maiden name of his 
wife wa.s Rebecca Ha.skell. She was bom 
at Columbia. South Carolina, daughter of 
Major Alexander Haskell, who served with 
the rank of major in the Confe<lerate army 
and later became prominent in business 
affairs at Columbia, being a banker and 
railroad president. Frank and Rebecca 
Gilmer had two sons, George and Frank. 
George is a graduate of the University of 
Virginia Law School and is now a soldier 
in the National Army. 

Judge Frank Gilmer, who was bom at 
Charlottesville, Virginia, received his early 
education in private schools at Charlottes- 
ville and also attended the University of 
Virginia. He determined to make his ca- 
reer in the Middle West, and on coming to 
Indiana he entered the law department of 
Valparaiso University-, where he graduated 
in 1912. He has since carried increasing 
burdens and responsibilities as a lawyer at 
South Bend, and was elect e<l judge of the 
Citv Court for the term beginning in Janu- 
ary. 1918. 

In 1915 Judge Gilmer married Rachel 
Scabrook, a native of Greensboro, North 
Carolina, and daughter of Josiah Scabrook. 
Mr. Gilmer is a member of South Bend 
I^ge No. 294, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons. South Bend Chapter No. 29 Royal 
Arch Masons, South Bend Council No. 82 



1316 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Royal and Select Masters, South Bend 
Jjodf^e No. 235, Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks, the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows No. 29, and South Bend Lodge 
No. 14, Knights of Pythias. Both he and 
his wife are members of the First Presby- 
terian Church. 

WiiJL^iAM T. Cannon, former secretary 
and treasurer of the Indianapolis Union 
Railroad Company, is a veteran railroad 
man, having been identified with the busi- 
ness through the successive grades of em- 
ployment and executive position for more 
than forty years. 

While he has been with the T'nion Com- 
pany more than thirty years and has grown 
gray in it.s service, Mr. Cannon doubtless 
takt^ his chief pride and satisfaction in 
his long and active connection with the 
Railroad Men's Building and Savings As- 
sociation, of which he was one of the lead- 
ing promoters and organizers and with 
which he has been identified in executive 
capacity throughout the thirty-two years 
of its existence. He was its secretary* and 
manager until he became the president five 
years ago. 

The Railroad Men s Building and Sav- 
ings Association was organized in August, 
1887. Its fundamental purpose was to en- 
courage thrift and saving among a class 
of men who have always been noted as 
free spenders. Through the thirty years 
since this association was organized the 
seed contained in the original idea and 
purpose has borne repeated fruit, and has 
not only brought some share of prosperity 
to the hundreds of railroad men who have 
l)een patrons of the organization but has 
also given the association itself high stand- 
ing among the financial institutions of Indi- 
ana. The l>est proof of this is doubtleas 
found in the progress in the financial pow- 
er and resources of the association. At 
the end of the first year its assets were less 
than *1 6.000. Five years later they had 
increasinl to nearly $200,000 and in the 
vear 1903 the assets climbe<l to the million 
dollar mark. Sin<*e then there has been a 
steady climb in the matter of assets, but 
the irreat<**it perio<l of growth has been 
within the last nine years. It was in 1910 
that the a.ss<»ts passed the two million dol- 
lar mark, while in January, 1919, they were 
little short of ♦12.000,000. In the "thirty- 
two years of its existence the association 



has loaned over $20,000,000, and has de- 
clared dividends of more than $3,500,000. 
In the early years the service of the asso- 
ciation was confined to railway men only, 
but eventually its privileges were extended 
to others. In July, 1916, the association 
acquired a ninety-nine year lease of prop- 
erty at 21-23 Virginia Avenue, and here 
they erected a structure admirably adapted 
to their needs and requirements. The as- 
sociation's headquarters have been in this 
new building since April 9, 1917. 

Mr. Cannon was the first secretary of 
this a.ssociation, but now for a number of 
years has been its president. 

Mr. Cannon was bom at Logansport, 
Indiana, April 23, 1856. son of Dr. George 
and Martha (Taylor) Cannon. His father, 
a native of Connecticut and of New Eng- 
land ancestry, was a graduate of Bellevue 
Hospital Medical College of New York 
City, and on coming to Indiana located at 
Logansport, but later moved to Wisconsin 
and practiced in the City of Janesville 
and later at Boscobel, where he died at 
the age of sixty-two. His widow survived 
him and spent her last years at Indianapo- 
lis, where her death occurred at the age of 
eighty-three. Both were members of the 
Episcopal Church and Doctor Cannon was 
a republican. They had eight children, Wil- 
liam T. being the youngest. 

William T. Cannon was reared in Wis- 
consin from the age of two years, acquired 
his education in that state, and in 1873, 
at seventeen, returned to Indiana. He be- 
gan his railroad career in the oflSces of the 
old Indianapolis, Peru & Chicago Railroad 
Company. Later he was with the Wabash 
Railroad Company and was promoted to 
private secretary to the resident vice presi- 
dent. He left the Wabash in 1884 to join 
the Indianapolis Union Railroad Company, 
which owns and controls the Indianapolis 
passenger station and all the equipment 
and service utilized by the various lines 
which use this as their terminal facilities 
in Indianapolis. Ability and hard work 
put Mr. Cannon in the office of treasurer 
of the company in 1889. also purchasing 
azent, and in January, 1901, he succeeded 
William M. Jackson as secretary and treas- 
urer. 

Mr. Cannon is well known in Indian- 
apolis business circles, lielongs to the In- 
dianapolis Board of Trade, and in polities 
is a republican. He is a Quaker by adop- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1317 



tion and attends worship in the First 
Friends Church of Indianapolis. On 
April 24, 1877, he married Miss Anna W. 
Adams. She was born at Baltimore, Mary- 
land, but grew up in Indianapolis, where 
her parents, David M. and Hannah Adams, 
spent their last years. Her father was for 
some years president of the Adams Pack- 
ing? Coinpany of that city. Mr. and Mrs. 
Cannon have three children : Fermor S., 
Margaret and Isabel. The son is a grad- 
uate of the University of Illinois. 

Gr.\ce Jiman Cl.\rke was born at Cen- 
torville, Indiana, September 11, 1865. She 
is of peeuliarly almlition ancestry, her 
father l)eing Hon. Georgi* W. Julian and 
her mother, Laura (Giddings) Julian, a 
daughter of Hon. Joshua R. Giddings, of 
Ohio. In 1872 her parents removeil to 
Irvington, Indiana, and in 1878 Grace 
Giddings Julian entered the preparatory 
department of Butler I'niversity, from 
whirh she graduated, after a full course, 
in 1884, continuing for a time in post- 
graduate work. She received the degree 
Ph. M. in 1885. 

She was married at Irvington, in 1887, 
to Charles B. Clarke, an Indianapolis at- 
torney, who had been assot'iateil with her 
father's work in the land department in 
New Mexico, and who repres<»nted Marion 
County in the State Senate in 1913-15. 
Mrs. Clarke has always taken an active pirt 
in social, literary and club work, and her 
talent has made her prominent In woman's 
work. She was president of the Indiana 
Federation of Clubs 1909-11, and is now 
president of the Lt»gislative Council of 
Indiana Women, and of the Indianapolis 
Ix>cal Council of Women, and a direi»tor of 
the General Federation of Women's Cluba, 
as well as a member of the more notable 
women's organizations, and of the Marion 
County Board of Charities. 

Mrs, Clarke is widelv known as a writer 
and a platform speaker. For eight years 
she edite<l the (^lub Notes and the Woman's 
Page of the Indianapolis Star. In 1902 
she pul)lished a sketch of her father, under 
the title **Some Impressions." She is a 
suffragist, an Cnitarian, and a member of 
the Peace Society and the American His- 
torical AssotMation. She has one son, 
Charles Burns Clarke. 



Nei^iON L. Ault is a man of special and 
well earned distinction in the field of pro- 
fessional photography, an art with which 
he became allied with as an amateur and 
has since followed it as the medium through 
which he could render the highest degree 
of service to the world. 

Mr. Ault, who has spent most of his life 
in his present home City of South Bend, 
was l)orn in Northern Wisconsin, at Antigo, 
Langlade County, in 1883. His father, 
William Ault, a native of Pennsylvania and 
of I*ennsylvania Dutch ancestry, left home 
when a boy. going to Ohio, where he 
leanietl the trade of plaster mason, then 
coming to Indiana and living at South 
Bend awhile, and next taking his family 
to Antigo, Wisconsin. After a few years 
he returned to Indiana and located per- 
manentlv at Mishawaka, where he con- 
tinned bu.sy with his trade until his recent 
death on January 4, 1919. He married 
Lillie Hobart, daughter of William and 
Kliza Ann (Walton) Hobart, both of whom 
were of early American colonial ancestry. 
The Hol)arts were a pioneer family in 
Michigan, and the Waltons in Indiana. 
Lillie Hobart Ault is still living in Mis- 
hawaka. 

The schools of that city afforded Nelson 
Ault his early advantages, after which for 
several years he was an employe of the 
Roper Furniture Company. In the mean- 
time, at the age of sixteen, he had taken up 
photography as a pastime. It was a sub- 
ject that led him on and on, and his in- 
creasing proficiency caused him to realize 
that here his talents would find their best 
expression. In 1909 he opened a gallery 
at 30.3 South Michigan street, and has done 
a thriving business ever since. In order to 
afford larger facilities for handling his 
custom, he established another studio at 122 
South Main Street in March, 1919. and he 
carries a complete line of photographic 
supplies at each studio. Mr. Ault out of 
his business and profession has acquired 
several pieces of residential property. 

In 1905 he married Miss Clarissa Hill- 
ing. She was Imni at Ishpeming, Michigan, 
daughter of Henr>' A. and Eveline (De- 
vine) Dilling. To their marriage were 
bom two children, Mar>' Elizabeth and 
Nelson Lafayette, Jr. Mrs. Ault is a mem- 
ber of the First Christian Church, and he 
is popular in the South Bend Lodge No. 294 



^-^*9 




'^J^*>?' 




t ' ' Vv ^' 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1321 



A spei'ial law committee was appointed 
consistinj? of Walter A. Royse of Indian- 
apolis; Peter T. Luther of Brazil, Indiana; 
and S. E. Voris, John C. Snyder and M. 
W. Hniner of Oawfordsville, to draft 
artirjcs of incorporation. These articles 
of incorporation were tileii in the office of 
the scfTctary of the state of Indiana on 
.laiuiary 8, 1894, and a charter was granted 
iHMli'r thi' ** Voluntary Assessment Act of 
18r»2.*' as there was at that time no law in 
the State of Indiana §fovernin(f fraternal 
heiieticiarv so<Metie8. 

The first supreme officers selected were: 
t'X-Ctovernor Ira .1. Chase* supreme chief; 
F. L. Snyder, supreme scribe; J. F. David- 
son. M. I)., supreme medical examiner; and 
S. K. Voris, supreme keeper of tribute; and 
an executive committee consistinp of D. W. 
(ierard. F. L. Snyder and W. T. Royse. 
The ele<*tion of ex-Go vcrnor Chase as su- 
preme chief was made at the request of 
Mr. (icrard, who desired to devote all his 
time to the orjranization work. I'lmn the 
death of Ini J. Chase, which occurred at 
Luel>ec, Maine. May 11. 1895, Col. L. T. 
Dickason was chosen by the executive com- 
mittee to till out the unexpired term as 
supreme chief. 

.Man-h 1, 1894, the first Court of the 
order was formed in Crawfordsville. known 
as Simonides Court No. 1. starting with a 
charter roll of over r)()0. The plan and 
name of the order were popular from the 
bejfinninp. The beneficial feature was en- 
tirely new and novel ; the amount of pro- 
t«*<*tion granted each meml»er depended 
upon the ape at a<lmis8ion, but a uniform 
amount of contribution was charped each 
nieml>er. The plan waa simple, equitable 
and easily understood. No assessments 
were levied upon the death of a member, 
but a repular monthly payment was col- 
lecteil each month. An emerpency fund 
was create*! from the bepinninp, and 
women were admitted on an absolutely 
e<|ual basis with men. New courts were 
rapidly formed in Indiana and adjoining 
states and at the time of the supreme ses- 
sion held in Crawfordsville April 14, 1896, 
the order had a membership of 7.198 and a 
surplus and resen-e fund of $41,829. At 
that time Indiana had 80 eonrts, Nebraska 
21, Ohio 28, Iowa 2, Kansas 1, California 
2, MisKHiri 3, Illinois 16. New York 14, 
New Jersey 1, Pennsylvania 4, and Ken- 
tueky 2. The record of this young order 



was indeed marvelous and the name of Ben- 
Hur was already famous throughout the 
fraternal insurance world. At this session 
1). W. Gerard was elected supreme chief, 
and F. L. Snyder, S. E. Voris and Dr. J. 
F. Davidson were re-elected to their re- 
spective positions. To these four men 
really belongs the credit of the growth and 
development of the order. 

February 21, 190(), articles of re-incorpo- 
ratiiuj were filed with the secretary of state 
in complian<*e with the i)rovisions of an 
act repulatinp fraternal beneficiarj' asso- 
ciations, approved March 1. 1899. 

Actively associated with the above men- 
tioned supreme officers in the prudential 
affairs of the order were John C. Snyder, 
who organized many of the first courts and 
o<*cui>ied the position of supreme organizer 
until the death of his brother. F. L. Sny- 
der, on December 29, 1905, when he was 
appointed by the executive committee to fill 
out his brother's unexi)ired term, and was 
ufianimously elected at the next regular 
supreme session held May 15, 1906. No 
other change was made in the personnel 
of the supreme officers until Januarv 3, 
1910, when on the death of I). W. Gerard, 
the exe<Mitive board appointed Dr. R. 11. 
(fcrard to fill out his father's unexpired 
term, which action was approved at the 
fie.xt supreme session of the Supreme Tribe 
held May 15, 1910. Doctor Gerard was se- 
lected by the executive l>oard as a man 
well fitted to fill such an important office 
on accoiHJt of his experience in the field 
and his service of ten years in the medical 
<lepartment, where he became acquainted 
with the details of the business, both in 
the office and in the field. 

During the first seventeen years of the 
order's history preceding the building of 
the temple at Crawfordsville it had en- 
rolled over a quarter of a million men and 
women from thirtytwo states, and had 
never shown a loss of membership or funds 
in any year of its existence. Its unique 
distinction is that it was the first society 
that from the date of its inception ad- 
mitted women on an equal rank with men, 
both as to social and beneficial privileges, 
and at an equal rate of contribution. It 
was the pioneer order also in charging all 
of its members, regardless of age. the same 
rate, which consisted of one dollar per 
month on a whole certificate, the amount 
of the certificate being gnded acoordinf 



1322 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



to the age of the insured member. This 
system was in vogue from the start until 
1908, when the society adopted an adequate 
rate for all new members, which was based 
on the actual combined mortality experi- 
ence of fraternal societies of America over 
an experience of forty years. This mor* 
tality table is known as the National Fra- 
ternal Congress Table, with 4 per cent 
interest assumption. 

Mabvin Campbell. Perhaps no man is 
better known at South Bend, Indiana, than 
Marvin Campbell, banker, manufacturer, 
public citizen. This city has been his 
home since 1870, almost half a century, 
and few, indeed, have impressed them- 
selves more certainly upon its business and 
political life, or have done more to further 
religious, charitable and humane move- 
ments. Indefatigable in business, he is^ a 
broad-gauged man of sound judgment and 
sterling principles, and the great industries 
and enterprises with which his name is 
honorably linked have had much in their 
development and expansion to do with the 
progress that has brought comparative 
prosperity to this section of the state. His 
people were among the sturdy pioneers of 
1833 in Indiana, and although eighty-four 
years have rolled away and not only the 
state but the nation has been almost re- 
made, their names are not forgotten, nor 
have the lands that they ventured so much 
to secure passed out of the possession of 
their descendants. 

Marvin Campbell, ex-state senator, pres- 
ident of the South Bend National Bank, 
and an extensive manufacturer, was born 
at Valparaiso, Porter County, Indiana, 
March 13, 1849. His parents were Samuel 
A. and Harriet (Cornell) Campbell. His 
great-great-grandfather was born in Scot- 
land, a member of the same clan as the- 
present noble Argj-le family, and came to 
the American colonies and settled in New 
Hampshire before the Revolutionary war. 
His son, Hugh Campbell, the great-grand- 
father, was born in New Hampshire and 
was a young soldier in the Revolution and 
afterward was a resident of the State of 
New York, where he died. 

Samuel A. Campbell, father of Marvin 
Campbell, was born in 1821, at Westfield 
in Chautauqua County, New York. He 
was a son of Adam S. Campbell, who was 
born in New York and died at Valparaiso, 



Indiana, in 1852. He had seen military 
service before coming to Indiana, being a 
member of the state militia.* In 1833, with 
family and household possessions, he drove 
his wagon and team along the uncharted 
pioneer roads to Porter County, Indiana, 
where he secured land from the govern- 
ment, and here he passed the rest of his 
life. His son Samuel A. inherited the 
homestead of 160 acres and lived on it for 
seventy-seven years. He often recalled 
early days in Porter County, when many 
Indians were yet living in the woodland, 
and, although his educational opportunities 
were too little to be considered, he devel- 
oped into a man of wide knowledge and 
became a leader in public matters in Wash- 
ington Township, frequently serving in 
public capacities. He always gave his po- 
litical support to the democratic, party and 
was one of the early and steadfast Ma- 
sons in this section, and reached the 
Knight Templar degree, belonging to the 
Commandery at Valparaiso. He married 
Harriet Cornell, who was bom in Ohio in 
1827, and died at Valparaiso in 1865, a 
noble woman in every relation of life. 
There were six children bom to them, as 
follows: Marvin and Myron, twins; Da- 
rius, who died in 1865, when aged thirteen 
years; Otto S., who is a retired farmer 
living at Valparaiso; Helen Minerva, who 
was the wife of D. B. Eastbum'e, a farmer 
living near Judson in Parke County, Indi- 
ana, died at South Bend, in 1877 ; and Ida 
May, who died at the age of four months. 

Marvin Campbell went from the local 
schools to Valparaiso College, where he 
continued as a student until 1869, develop- 
ing a marked talent in mathematics, which 
science he taught for one year in the Val- 
paraiso High School, and in 1870, 1871 and 
1872 he was instructor in mathematics in 
the high school of South Bend. He then 
left the educational field and in 1872 em- 
barked in a hardware business at South' 
Bend, in which he remained interested 
until 1888 and since then has been largely 
identified with manufacturing enterprises 
and banking. 

The South Bend National Bank, of 
which Marvin Campbell is president, is the 
oldest bank in South Bend and was estab- 
lished as a state bank in 1838. For over 
thirty years the late Myron Campbell, twin 
brother of Marvin Campbell, was cashier 
and general manager of this bank, and it 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1323 



was generally conceded at the time of his 
death, in 1916, that the state had lost one 
of its finest citizens as well as ablest finan- 
ciers. In 1870 the bank was nationalized 
and is considered one of the soundest banks 
in the state, its working capital being 
$100,000, and its surplus $135,000. The 
careful, conservative policy that has been 
a feature ever since the bcmk was founded 
continues, and the Campbell name is a 
synonym for stability. 

One of the largest industries of South 
Bend and in its line in the state is the 
Campbell Paper Box Company, which 
plant is situated on the corner of Main 
and Sample streets. Mr. Campbell estab- 
lished this factory in 1893 and is the prin- 
cipal owner and president of the com- 
pany. Employment is given to 100 
workmen and the product is paper boxes 
and shipping tags, with a market that 
covers the country. Another extensive 
enterprise that gives employment and high 
wages to many workmen is the Campbell 
Wire Specialty Works, located at No. 1108 
High Street, where all kinds of wire shapes 
used in many trades are manufactured. 
Mr. Campbell owns the works and is presi- 
dent of the operating company. Many 
smaller concerns owe much to Mr. Camp- 
bell's friendly encouragement and his 
financial advice has been the means of 
saving more than one struggling small 
business man from disaster. 

In politics Mr. Campbell has always 
been a straight republican and in earlier 
years was active in the political field. He 
has served eflBciently in many public of- 
fices and in 1882 was elected a member 
of the State Senate, and served with faith- 
ful attention to the best interests of the 
public through the sessions of 1883-5. For 
a number of years he was a member of 
the board of trustees of the South Bend 
schools, and for the last fifteen years has 
been a trustee of De Pauw University, 
Greencastle, Indiana. 

Mr. Campbell was married at South 
Bend in 1874 to Miss Lydia A. Brown- 
field, a native of South Bend and a daugh- 
ter of John and Lydia A. (Beason) Brown- 
field, the former of whom was a pioneer 
merchant and banker of this city. Mr. 
and Mrs. Campbell have three children: 
John Brownfield, who is secretary of the 
Campbell Paper Box Company; Harriet 
B., who is the wife of Dr. W. A. Hazen, 



an eminent physician and surgeon of 
South Bend and widely known in the state ; 
and Marvin Rudolph, who resides with his 
parents, is treasurer of the Campbell Pa- 
per Box Company. 

While Mr. Campbell has been an ag- 
gressive and successful business man, he 
by no means has ignored the claims of 
those agencies that make for something 
more than material prosperity. From his 
youth up he has been a faithful member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church and a 
trustee of the same for many years, and 
has considered it a privilege as well as a 
distinction to serve as a delegate to the 
Methodist Episcopal QenersJ Confer- 
ence on so many occasions, probably be- 
ing the only lay member in the state who 
served in four consecutive sessions, 1904, 
1908, 1912 and 1916. He has always taken 
front rank in all benevolent movements. 
He has served many years as a trustee of 
the Toung Men's Christian Association, 
and accepted the chairmanship of the dis- 
trict board of four counties that raised 
$73,000 for the association 's proposed fund 
of $35,000,000. In times of national calam- 
ity no one has been readier or more gen- 
erous in helpfulness. 

Mr. Campbell is one of the older mem- 
bers of the Masonic body in South Bend, 
belonging to St. Joseph Lodge No. 45, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, and 
no one has been truer to Masonic brother- 
hood. While Mr. Campbell passes the 
larger part of the year in South Bend, 
where he owns a handsome residence on 
Colfax Avenue, during the warm seasons 
he occupies his beautiful country home, 
Oakdale Farm, situated in Clay Township, 
Saint Joseph County, four miles northeast 
of South Bend, where he has 130 acres of 
improved land. 

The Anthony Family. For nearly 
ninety years the name Anthony has been 
one of the most familiar in association 
with the property development and busi- 
ness interests of Muneie. Four genera- 
tions of the family have spent at least a 
portion of their lives in the city. 

The founder of the family was the rev- 
ered Dr. Samuel P. Anthony, who was 
bom at Lynchburg, Virginia, December 
2, 1792. Lynchburg was in the heart of 
the great Virginia tobacco industry, and 
doubtless the tobacco crop had supple- 



1324 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



men ted the family's yearly income ever 
since it located in the state. In 1812, when 
he was twenty years old, Samuel P. An- 
thony and his father moved to Ohio. Dur- 
ing the second war with Great Britain he 
served as a teamster in the United States 
army. In 1814 the family located at Cin- 
cinnati, and there estahlished the first to- 
bacco manufactory west of the Allegheny 
Mountains. The availahilitv of the Ohio 
Valley for tobacco culture drew not a few 
tobacco planters from Virginia, and thus 
it was the Anthonys first became located 
on the west side of the Alleghenies. While 
in Cinoinnati Samuel P. Anthony applied 
himself to the study of medicine and later 
removed to Clinton County, Ohio, where 
he practiced for three years, and for an 
ocjual lenpth of time at Cedarville in the 
same state. 

Doctor Anthony came to Muncie in 1831, 
and here he practiced for twenty-five years, 
retirinpr about fifteen years before his 
death. Doctor Anthony was very success- 
ful in his financial career, was a merchant 
and boujrht prreat quantities of land in 
Delaware County. By close attention to 
business he ama-ssed a fortune, and at the 
time of his death was variously estimated 
at from *250.000 to $500,000. He was ac- 
tive in all public enterprises which seemed 
to him calculated to promote the interests 
of his city and county. He was among 
the most liberal contributors and active 
promoters in the building of the first rail- 
road through the oounty. He was one of 
the directors from Delaware Countv of the 
Bellefontaine & Indianapolis, now the Big 
Four Railway, was for a year its presi- 
dent and ver\' active in solicitinsr stock sub- 
scriptions. He was also president of the 
Fort "Wayne & Southern Railway, and a 
director of the Lafayette, Muncie & Bloom- 
ineton Railway. 

Doctor Anthony continued active in bu.si- 
ness at Muncie to the verv last. He died 
July 22. 1876. In 1817 he married for his 
first wife Miss Narci.«wa Haines. She died 
in May. 1858, leavinir one son, Edwin C. 
In 1859 he married Miss Emily V. Vanna- 
man. who survived him many vears. 

The only son of Doctor Anthonv wa« 
the late Cant. Edwin C. Anthonv. He 
was bom in Cincinnati. Ohio, May 29. 1818, 
and was thirteen years old when his father 
moved to Muncie. He completed his edu- 
cation in Richmond, Indiana, and enter- 



ing his father's store at Muncie was made 
a partner and was active as a merchant 
until the outbreak of the war. In 1861 
he raised a company of cavalry, which 
became Company D of the Second Cavalry, 
Forty-first Indiana Regiment. He was 
commissioned a captain, and was with 
the army of the Cumberland. During the 
winter of 1861-62 he had an arm broken, 
and with health greatly impaired he was 
obliged to resign his commission on March 
15, 1862. After returning to Muncie and 
recovering his health he entered the dry 
goods business, which he continued until 
his father's death. Largely as a matter 
of health he spent many winters in the 
South, and while at Florida acquired ex- 
tensive land and phosphate mining inter- 
ests in Marion County of that state. He 
also developed a splendid livestock ranch, 
and for the past ten years of life most of 
his interests were centered in Florida. At 
his farm in that state, known as Anthony, 
he died June 7, 1884, at the age of sixty- 
six. 

September 30, 1849, Captain Anthony 
married Miss Rebecca G. Vannaman, 
daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (Camp- 
bein Vannaman, who at that time lived at 
Centerville, Wa\Tie County, Indiana. Her 
parents came originally from Philadelphia, 
but Rebecca Anthony was born in Ohio. 
Captain Anthony and wife had six chil- 
dren : Florence Virginia, wife of Hender- 
son Swain : Samuel P. ; Edwin C, Jr., who 
died at the age of twenty-eight; Ella, who 
died at the age of twenty-five, the wife of 
George Gamble; Charles H. ; and Addie 
Anthony, deceased wife of Frank Robin- 
son. 

Charles H. Anthony, representing the 
third generation of the family in Delaware 
County, was born in that county May 10, 
1858. He was educated in the public 
schools of Muncie and for two years at- 
tended thd Military- College at Chester, 
Pennsylvania. In 1877 he became inter- 
ested with his father in land and other 
business interests in Florida. In 1880 he 
planted a fifty-acre orange grove, and five 
years later sold it to an English syndicate. 
He continued to increase his investments 
in Florida, and his capital was largely re- 
sponsible for the development of immense 
phosphate beds. 

However, it is with his business inter- 
ests in and around Muncie that this ar- 





^^jtX^ajtir^ 



.v*^. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1327 



were bom: Abraham in 1774; Sarah in 
1777; John in 1778; Joaeph in 1780; Elixa- 
beth in 1783; and Amoe in 1786. Doctor 
QriiBth*8 great-grandmother waa lost in 
making a visit acroaa the Allegheny Moun- 
tains and no trace of her could be found. 

Abraham Griffith, grandfather of Doc- 
tor Griffith, was bom in Chester County, 
Pennsylvania, November 30, 1774. He 
married Joanna John, a grand-aunt of D. 
P. John of Depauw University, October 
12, 1798. Joanna died August 12, 1815, in 
Frederick County, Maryland. To Abra- 
ham and Joanna Griffith were born: 
Lydia T., Hannah, Thornton, Townsend, 
Harton and Clifford. Abraham Griffith, 
with his brother, Amos, and sons Town- 
send and Barton, came West after the 
death of his wife, accompanied by two 
grown daughters, Lydia and Hannah, 
about 1822 or 1823, and settled in Coving- 
ton, Indiana. In 1824 Abraham Griffith 
took the contract to build the first jail at 
Crawfordsville for $243. He died at Craw- 
fordsville, June 19, 1829. His son Barton 
died in 1834. 

Thornton Griffith, father of Doctor 
Griffith, came West later than his father 
and brothers. He was born in Chester 
County, Pennsylvania, July 8, 1799. He 
was on the Island of Porto Rico in the 
summer of 1825, su)>erintcnding the build- 
ing of a wharf for a Philadelphia sugar 
company. While there a three-masted 
m^hooiier came into San Juan with a dou- 
ble de<*ked cargo of 500 negroes from 
Africa, all in Mother Nature's costume. 
The negroes were unloaded on the beach 
to rlean up, and the third day they de- 
parted for some American port. This 
exhibition of man*s inhumanity to man 
made an abolitionist of Thornton Griffith. 
In the campaign of Gen. William Har- 
rison in Indiana in 1836, Thornton 
Griffith was honore<i by a committee of 
Crawfordsville citizens to deliver the ad- 
dress of welcome. February 4, 1836, he 
married Mar>' A. Hall, daughter of 
Thomas and Margaret (Herron) Hall. 
She was bom in Newbur>' County, South 
(^arolina, June 18, 1807. Her mother died 
in South Carolina, December 10, 1821, 
leaving several children. James F. Hall, 
brother of Marv', was one of the county 
commissioners that built the courthouse at 
Crawfordsville. Her father and mother 
were bom in County Monaghan, Ireland, 



and landed at Charleston, South Carolina, 
in 1765. Two brothers of Thomas Hall 
were soldiers in the Revolutionary war in 
Gen. Francis Marion's army, one being 
an officer. 

Thornton Griffith and wife were mar- 
ried at **Fmits Comer," in Ripley Town- 
ship, Montgomery County, and moved in 
the spring of 1836 to the wilds of Clinton 
County, on Wild Cat Creek, four miles 
northeast of Frankfort on a 160-acre tract 
that had been entered from the govern- 
ment. Here in a log cabin they began the 
battle of life, with wolves and wild eats 
for n<Jcturnal serenaders. Thornton 
Griffith taught school one year in a log 
M*hoolhouse with greased paper for win- 
dow lights and slabs with wooden legs for 
seats and slabs for flooring. About that 
time he was a candidate for the Legisla- 
ture on the whig ticket from the counties 
of Clinton and ^lontgomery, which coun- 
ties were largely democratic. It waa be- 
coming apparent that he would be elected 
when the democrats started a falsehood 
and defeated him. This so disgusted him 
that he would never again consent to be 
a candidate for office. He was a man of 
pleasing address, an e&sy and fluent speak- 
er, invincible in argument, a great reader 
and poKsesseii of a splendid memory. He 
was a member of the Friends Church, but 
had a broad catholicity characteristic of 
his benevolent spirit. In his later years 
when **move<r' he frecjuently preached to 
the Friends. He died at his home in Dar- 
lington, June 23, 1869. The three chil- 
dren bom into the Clinton County home 
were: Thomas J., bom April 2, 1&37; 
Joanna M., bom November 25, 1839; 
Nancy E., l)om August 1, 1842. Joanna 
die<i Febmary 13, 1865, from cerebro- 
spinal meningitis; Nancy E. was married 
December 19, 1861, to Joseph Binford, and 
now resides at Crawfordville. 

The mother of these children has been 
described as a noble, thoughtful woman, 
devoted to her home and family, and was 
a devout Presb\^erian. She died Novem- 
l)er 3, 1886. Her father de8er%'es men- 
tion. Being convinced that slavery was 
wrong and being unable to free his slaves 
in South Carolina, as there was a statute 
against such action, he told his negroes to 
look around and choose their masters with- 
out breaking families. This they did. He 
then removed to Butler County, 



1328 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



remained there about two years, when with 
his children, Thomas, John A., Mary A., 
Elizabeth, Nancy and Henry L., he came 
to Ripley Township, Montgomery County, 
locating at what is now Fruits Comer in 
1829. He bought a large farm and died 
there in 1848. For fifty years he was a 
ruling elder in the Associate Reformed 
Prc»sbyterian Church. 

Townsend Griffith, one of the brothers 
of Thornton Griffith, was bom in Chester 
County. Pennsylvania, April 4, 1801, and 
came to (Vawfordsville in 1822. Novem- 
ber 1, 1827, he married Mahala Catter- 
lin. She was the daughter of Ephraim 
Catterlin, a pioneer settler near Craw- 
fordsville. Townsend Griffith was promi- 
nent in the early development of the 
eouiity, both in polities and eivie affairs. 
In the summer of 1852 he made a busi- 
ness trip to Minnes^)ta and die<l of cholera 
June 2, 1852. at Galena. Illinoi.s. After a 
time his remains were brought home and 
laid to rest in the Masonie Cemeterv. Of 
the fhihlren of Townsend Griffith and wife 
a brief record is as follows: Matilda, one 
of the first childrcfi born in Crawfordsville, 
married Benjamin (ialcy, who died many 
years agr> and .she passed away in her 
eighty-fifth year. Sarah A. was married 
to G«»orge Worbington. of a proininent 
family of Montgo»iiery County, and died 
many years ago. Ephraim C. an<l Amanda 
were twins, born January 5, 18:^:^ Amanda 
became the wife of Morgan Siiook, a M)n 
of Dr. Henry Sn(K)k. a prominent pioneer 
physieian of Moiitiromery County; 
Ephraim marri«Ml February 14. 1855. 
Mary J. Hrassfield, who was born Auirust 
5, IM^T. Ephraim die<l Februarv 11. 15>01. 
arnl was rioted for his hustling bu^^iness 
ability. His widow is now living with 
ljt*r siui Howanl. Ephraim and wife had 
the following chihlreu : Georp*. well 
known as an anhiti^'t : Frank E.. who 
died young; William Douglas, who marrie<l 
DecemlMT 14. 1910. AgiH*s A. Walsh; IIow- 
anl E. an<l Birdie, all of whom live in 
Oawfonlsville. Mary (Jriffith, the next 
rhild of TowfiMMid Griffith and wife, mar- 
rie«l Charl«*s Howen and both are now de- 
ceased. thtMr two surviving <*hiMren iM^injr 
Arthur and Clara, the latter marrietl and 
living in Kansas. Rcl>ecea Griffith die<l 
in infaney. Abraham Griffith lived to 
manli(»o<| and wa.s thrown from a horse 
and killeii. John Warner Griffith was an 



express messenger from Indianapolis to 
St. Louis and was killed in a railroad 
wreck. 

George, a son of Ephraim and Mary 
Griffith, married March 10, 1880, Ida M. 
Coster. He was bom in Crawfordsville, 
March 12, 1856. William Douglas, another 
son of Ephraim, was born June 22, 1861 ; 
Frank E. was bom June 2, 1858; and 
Howard E. was bom December 30, 1876. 
George and Ida Griffith have two sons, 
Claude and Karl. Claude married Helen 
Nolan and has one son, and Karl is mar- 
ried and lives at Urbana, Illinois, and has 
four daughters. 

Rev. Thomas Griffith, a cousin of Thorn- 
ton Griffith, was the first Methodist minis- 
ter in Crawfordsville. He preached in a 
snmll frame church where the present 
Methodist church now stands. He married 
Lucy Daniels, and was a brother-in-law 
of John Crawford, a pioneer merchant. 
Their sons were John and Thomas B. 
John was a druggist and died many years 
ago, Thomas was a soldier in the famous 
Eighty-sixth Indiana Infantry in the Civil 
war, and after the war married, October 
15. 1864, Amanda Wilhite, by whom he 
had a son, William Griffith. Thomas 
Griffith died thirty-five years ago and his 
remains lie in the Ma.sonic Cemetery. Rev. 
Thomas (iriffith is buried in the old Town 
eemeterv. 

Amos Griffith, a brother of Abraham 
Griffith, the grandfather of Doctor Griffith, 
went to Warren County, Indiana, in 1830, 
and nmrried an Indian woman with a large 
land inheritanee. Doctor Griffith's father 
visited them in 1832, and their home was 
a model of cleanliness. No children were 
lK)rn to them. 

Dr. Thomas J. Griffith is a charter mem- 
ber of the Montsromery County Medical 
Scxiety, organized forty-six years ago, and 
is the last living eharter member. He is 
not only the ohlest ph^-sician in the county 
in active pra<tice. but the oldest in years 
of praeti«*e, his ser\'ices covering fifty-one 
years. He is an ardent archeologi.st and 
has a valuable collection of Indian relics 
whifh he has l>een fifty years in collecting. 
One rare relic is a mound builders copper 
axe found forty years ago in the eastern 
part of Madison Township in digging the 
state ditch. He has been offered $50 for 
it. The do<'tor is a member of McPher- 
.son Post. Grand Army of the Republic, 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1329 



and is a past post commander. Of this he 
is quite proud. lie is secretary of the 
Montjrt>mer>' County Hwtorical Society 
and is enthusiastic in its promotion. He 
is a charter member of the prohibition 
party in Montpromery County and cast the 
first prohibition vote in Darlinprton for his 
favorite, John P. St. John, in 1884. For 
twelve years he was the party's county 
chairman. In rcli^on he is a I'nitarian. 

WnjJAM V. Stoy. More than forty 
years the business and social community 
"of liafayette knew and honored William 
V. Stoy. merchant, public-spirited citizen, 
and a man of many kindly and deep in- 
terests in the welfare of the community. 
Thoujfh he was seventy-three years old 
when the final summons came his death 
was rejrarded as a sad l)ereavement to that 
communitv when it came on November 3, 
1917. 

Mr. Stoy was bom at New Albany. In- 
diana. November 24, 1844, son of Peter 
and Mar>' (Wicks) Stoy. He was the last 
surviving meml)er of a family of twelve 
children and he was the youngest. He grew 
up with the average opportunities and en- 
vironment of an Indiana boy, but acquired 
a liberal e<lucation, finishing at Dc Pauw 
Tniversity. Coining to Ijafayette, in 1874, 
Mr. Stoy established a carpet and funii- 
ture business in the same building which 
be occupied at the time of his death. In 
more than forty years this business had 
been built up to large proportions until it 
was considcreti one of the largest stores 
of its kind in this part of the state. Pros- 
perity came to him in generous measure, 
and while it was completely earned by 
ability and industr>' it was used not alone 
for the profit and advantage of Mr. Stoy. 
He was liberal in his attitude and in his 
support of all worthy public measures. As 
the editor of one of Lafayette's papers 
said: **He was a man who took an active 
interest in public affairs, was a liberal con- 
tributor to all public enterprises and a 
good citizen." 

For many years he was prominent in 
republican politics and came to be well 
known by the prominent republicans 
throughout the state. In former years he 
was a member of the Lincoln Club. He 
was a Knight Templar and thirty-second 
degree S^cottish Rite Mason and a member 
of the Mystic Shrine. He took a very 



active part in the Trinity Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. Mr. Stoy attributed much 
of his health and strength to an active 
outdoor life. He owned a summer home 
at Ottawa Reach in Michigan and spent 
ever>' .summer with his family there. 

On May 9, 1871, at New* Albany, Mr. 
Stoy married Miss Mary Catherine 
Kendle, who survives him. Six children 
were boni to their marriage, two of whom 
die<l in infancy. The other four are: Mrs. 
William M. Riach, of Chicago, who has 
one child, Marjorie S. Riach; Ray W., 
Mar>' V. and Katie J., all of I^afayette. 

Rev. John F. 1>eOroote, C. S. C. 
Among the members of the Catholic priest- 
hood there are found men of broad educa- 
tion, enlightened views and great religions 
enthusiasm, whose precept and teachings 
cxcrci.sc a recognized influence for morality 
that mu.st be adjudged one of the supreme 
factors in advancing any community. The 
Catholic priest is railed upon to not only 
be a spiritual guide to his people, but he 
must also bo possessed of an appreciable 
share of the kind of pra<'ticability that will 
Cfjable him to advise and tea^'h in the onli- 
nary eveiit.s of life, and to protect the in- 
terests of his flock while also promoting 
the temporal affairs of his parish. Much, 
in fact, is demanded of those who choocie 
the unselfish life of the Catholic priest. 
Not all, as in other walks of life, are fitted 
by nature for the same sum of responsi- 
bility, and perhaps few, under the same 
conditions, would have advanced to the 
important i>osition now occupied by Rev. 
John F. DeOroote, pastor of Saint Pat- 
rick's Catholic Chun»h of South Bend. 

Father DeCiroote was bom at Misha- 
waka, Saint Joseph County, Indiana, Au- 
gust 27. 1866, his parents being Benja- 
min and Catherine (Woods) DeOroote. 
His father was bom at Ghent, Belgium, 
in 1827, and as a young man emigrated 
to the United States, becoming an early 
settler and pioneer farmer of the vicin- 
ity of Mishawaka. where he passed the 
remainder of his life in agricultural pur- 
suita and died in 1912, at the a^ of eighty- 
five years. He was a democ in poli- 
tics, but ¥ a tent to i life 
the peaceful ts of i Iry, < a 

ver sou| ; 

fi 1 

I le 



1330 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



them in good and beneficial work. Mrs. 
DeGroote, who was bom in County Monag- 
han, Ireland, in 1833, was a young woman 
when she came to the United States, and 
died at Mishawaka, Indiana, in 1885. She 
was first married to Francis McCabe, a car- 
penter and general mechanic, who died at 
Mishawaka, and they had one child : Sarah, 
who is the wife of I. V. Roy, a retired 
citizen of Mishawaka. Mr. and Mrs. De- 
Groote had two children: Charles, who is 
superintendent of the paint department 
of the Dodee factory at Mishawaka; and 
Rev. John F. 

Rev. John F. DeGroote was educated in 
the parochial schools of Mishawaka for his 
preliminary training, following which he 
enrolled as a student at Notre Dame Uni- 
versity. There he took classical and theo- 
logical courses, philosophy and theology, 
spending seven years in study, and was 
ordained to the priesthood of the Catholic 
Church, July 19, 1893. He said his first 
mass at Saint Joseph's Church, Misha- 
waka, two days later, and was shortly 
thereafter appointed prefector of disci- 
pline of Saint Edward's College, Austin, 
Texas, where he remained for one year. 
Following this he filled a similar position 
at Holy Cross College for three years at 
New Orleans, Louisiana, and was next 
made assistant pastor of Sacred Heart 
Church in that city, and remained as such 
two years. On :March 29, 1899, Father 
DeGroote was appointed pastor of Saint 
Patrick's Church at South Bend, Indiana, 
and here has remained to the present time. 
This church was established in 1858 by the 
Rev. Father Thomas Carroll. At that time 
it was a small but earnest parish, being 
noted more for its zeal and religious en- 
thusiasm than for its numbers. It has 
steadily grown in size until it now has 400 
families in its congregation, and its fervor 
and spirit have lost nothing in the passing 
of the years. The old church was located 
on Division Street, but in 1886 it was 
found necessary to have a larger edifice 
for the worshipers, and a brick structure 
^'as accordingly erected on Taylor Street, 
where there is a seating capacity of 800 
people. In addition to the church there 
are the buildings of Saint Joseph's 
Academy, Saint Patrick's Parochial School 
for the boys of the parish, and the rec- 
tory. Father DeGroote has been tireless in 
working in the interests of his parishion- 



ers, among whom he is greatly beloved. 
He is entitled to write the initials C. S. C. 
after his name, being a member of the 
Congregation of the Holy Cross. He 
holds membership in South Bend Coun- 
cil No. 553, Knights of Columbus. He is 
a member of the Chamber of Commerce and 
of the Country Club. He has taken an ac- 
tive and useful part in various civic move- 
ments calculated to benefit the community, 
and can always be found associated with 
other leading citizens of South Bend in 
the advancement of enterprises making 
for higher morals, educational advance- 
ment and better citizenship. 

Elmer and Charles Elmer Crockett. 
For eighty-five years the Crockett family 
has been well and favorably known in 
Saint Joseph County, and during all this 
period its members have been prominently 
identified with this community's materiel 
progress and financial interests. The 
Crockett family of this notice traces its 
ancestry back along the same line as that 
of Davy Crockett, the great American 
pioneer hunter, politician and humorist, 
member of Congress from Tennessee, and 
soldier during the Texan war, who lost 
his life at Fort Alamo with a number of 
other patriots. The family is also con- 
nected with Anthony Crockett, who served 
for two years, from 1776, in Colonel Mor- 
gan's regiment during the Revolutionary 
war. He was bom in the County of Prince 
Edward, Virginia, and when a boy moved 
with his parents to Bothloust County in 
the same state, where he enlisted in the 
patriot army for two years, joining 
Thomas Posey's company, Seventh Vir- 
ginia Regiment. This regiment was com- 
manded by Col. Alexander McConahan. 
The company marched to Old Point Com- 
fort and after the battle of Princeton went 
to Philadelphia, where it joined Colonel 
Morgan's regiment, and its members were 
discharged in February, 1778; Crockett 
then joined Capt. Jesse Evans' company 
as first lieutenant and left home with this 
company March 16, 1779, for Long Island, 
the trip being made down the Tennessee 
River by boat, during which journey there 
were several skirmishes with the Indians. 
In the winter of 1779 Captain Evans' 
company was ordered back to Virginia to 
recruit more men, and in 1781 Lieutenant 
Crockett returned to Kentucky and was 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1331 



stationed at Gordon's Station, in Lincoln 
County, being frequently in pursuit of the 
Indians during 1782. With Captain Ray 
he marched to Piqua, Ohio, and remained 
there until the close of the war. One of 
the executors of his will, William R. Crock- 
ett, was secured for the executors for 
$30,000. 

Shellim Crockett, the grandfather of 
Charles E. Crockett and father of Elmer 
Crockett, was bom in Kentucky in 1818, a 
son of Robert Crockett, who was engaged 
in farming for some years in the vicinity 
of Lexington, Kentucky, later moved to 
Ohio, and died at South Bend. Shellim 
Crockett was still a lad when taken by his 
parents to Ohio and was there reared until 
he reached the age of fourteen years, the 
family's arrival in Saint Joseph County, 
Indiana, being in the year 1832. One 
of the pioneer residents of the county, he 
also became one of the first merchants of 
South Bend, and is still well remembered 
by many of the older residents of the city 
as a man of sterling and sturdy traits of 
character, upright and straightforward in 
his dealings and true to his engagements. 
He was a republican in politics after that 
party was organized, and a member of the 
Christian Church. Mr. Crockett married 
Louise Ireland, who was born in 1824 in 
Saint Joseph County, and died in 1848 in 
Elkhart County, Indiana, and they became 
the parents of the following children: 
Garrett, who died while holding the seat 
of county judge of Josephine County, 
Oregon; John C, who died as a young 
man at South Bend ; Elmer ; and Wallace, 
who died at South Bend at the age of twen- 
ty-three years. 

Elmer Crockett received his education 
in the public schools of South Bend and 
Mishawaka, Indiana, and when he was fif- 
teen years of age began to learn the prin- 
ter's trade at the latter place. He was 
born September 1, 1844, in Saint Joseph 
County, Indiana, and therefore had not 
yet reached his majority when he enlisted, 
in 1865, in the One Hundred Thirty- 
Eighth Regiment, Indiana Volunteer In- 
fantry, with which organization he served 
six months in the Union Army during the 
Civil war. Returning to his home, he be- 
gan to divide his time between securing 
an education and learning the printer's 
trade, but when he was twenty-two years 
of age left school, and in 1867 came to 
South Bend, to become foreman in the 



plant of the Saint Joseph Valley Register. 
In 1872, in company with his brother-in- 
law, Alfred B. Miller, Mr. Crockett 
founded the South Bend Tribune, with 
which he has been connected ever since. 
This paper proved a success from the start, 
and as the years passed the partners grad- 
ually enlarged their plant and equipment 
and finally organized the Tribune Print- 
ing Company, of which at the time of Mr. 
Miller's death in 1892 Mr. Crockett was 
elected president, a position which he still 
retains. The oflSces and plant of this con- 
cern are located at No. 128 North Main 
Street, and the entire establishment is 
modem in every particular and conducted 
In a manner that serves as a model for 
others to follow. 

Aside from the Tribune Printing Com- 
pany Mr. Crockett's interests are numer- 
ous, important and varied. He is presi- 
dent of the Building and Loan Association 
of South Bend, an association with a capi- 
tal of $2,000,000, and for years he has 
been one of the trustees of the Saint Joseph 
County Savings Bank. As a citizen he 
has been prominent in movements which 
have aided South Bend to better things, 
and during the building of the new court- 
house was a member^ of the citizen's ad- 
visory committee. He is now treasurer of 
the Riverview Cemetery Association, and 
was formerly president of the Young 
Men's Christian Association of South 
Bend. During the past forty years he has 
been a member of the Presbyterian Church 
and an elder thereof, and for twenty years 
served as superintendent of the Sunday 
school, while in many other ways he has 
helped to encourage religion, morality and 
good citizenship. Politically a republican, 
in 1888 he was honored by the appoint- 
ment as postmaster of South Bend, under 
the administration of President Harrison, 
and served with distinction in that office 
for five years. During the campaigns of 
1898 and 1900 Mr. Crockett was a mem- 
ber of the Republican State Central Com- 
mittee in addition to serving as chairman 
of the State Newspaper Bureau at that 
time. As a fratemalist Mr. Crockett has 
been equally prominent. He belongs to 
Portage Lodge No. 675, Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons; South Bend Chapter 
No. 29, Royal Arch Mason; was grand 
high priest of the grand chapter of Indi- 
ana in 1889 and 1890; belongs to South 
Bend Council No. 82, Royal and Select 



1332 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Masters; South Bend Commandery No. 13, 
Knigrht Templars; and to Port Wayne 
Consistory, thirty-second degree of Ma- 
sonry, being also a member of Murat Tem- 
ple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine, Indianapolis. He has never 
forgotten his experiences while in the army 
of his country, and now belongs to Nor- 
man Eddy Post No. 579, Grand Army of 
the Republic. He was senior vice com- 
mander of the Department of Indiana in 
18%; and has been commander of Nor- 
man Eddy Post No. 579, as well as of Au- 
ten Post No. 8, South Bend, to which he 
formerly belonged. 

In 1868, at South Bend. Mr. Crockett 
was married to Miss Anna Miller, daugh- 
ter of ex-Sheriff B. F. and Eliza (Baird) 
Miller, both of whom are now deceased, 
and to this union there have been bom 
children as follows: Addie, who died at 
the age of two years; Frank, who also 
died at that age; Charles Elmer; .Ethel, 
who is the wife of MZL Fuller, a manu- 
facturer of wagons at Chattanooga, Tennes- 
see; and Donnell, who die<l at the age of 
seven years. 

Charles Elmer Crockett was bom at 
South Bend, Indiana, August 8, 1876, and 
was given excellent educational advan- 
tages in his youth, first attending the pub- 
lic schools of South Bend and being grad- 
uated from the high school with the class 
of 1894, subsequently entering Wabash 
College and graduating with the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts in 1898, and later re- 
ceiving the honorary' degree of Master of 
Arts from the same institution in 1908. 
He was a member of the Delta Tau Delta 
and Phi Beta Kappa fraternities, and when 
his course was completed entered at once 
the offire of the Tribune Printing Com- 
pany, of which he is now se<*retar>' and 
treasurer. Mr. Crwkett is a director in 
the South Bend Building and Ix)an Asso- 
ciation and in the Riverview Cemet^rj' 
A8so<*iation. He is a Republican in his po- 
litical views and a memlwr and trustee of 
the First Presbyterian Church. Mr. 
Crockett is, like his father, interested in 
Mason r>' and belongs to Portage Ixxlge No. 
675, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
of which he is a past master by service; 
South Bend Chapter No. 29, Royal Arch 
Masons, of which he is past high priest; 
South Bend Commanders* No. 13. Knights 
Templar; South Bend Council No. 82, 
Royid and Sdeet Blasters, and Indianapolis 



Consistory, thirty-second degree of Ma- 
sonry; and is also a member of Murat 
Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine, of Indianapolis. He 
also holds membership in the Country 
Club of South Bend and in the South Bend 
Chamber of Commerce. 

Mr. Crockett was married in April, 
1906, at South Bend, to Miss Edna Sum- 
mers, daughter of Wilson and Helen 
(Powell) Summers, the latter deceased and 
the former a retired resident of Charlotte, 
Michigan. To this union there have oome 
two children: Elizabeth Ann, bom Janu- 
ary 24, 1907; and Helen Jane, born April 
4, 1914. 

John Chess Ellsworth. To success- 
fully carry on any large business enter- 
prise in these modem days of strenuous 
competition and changing markets, re- 
quires optimism, courage and other stable 
c|ualities not possessed by every one. In 
the commercial field merchandising occu- 
pies so large a place that it may well be 
named one of a community's first and last 
necessities. For almost a half century the 
Ellsworth name has been connected with 
a mercantile business at South Bend, and 
during the long passage of years the busi- 
ness has been quietly developed and ex- 
panded, through honest methods and able 
management, until now it stands among 
the foremost in this section of Indiana. 
Founded by the father of its present own- 
er, John Chess Ellsworth, it kept pace 
with the rapid development of the city, 
and since his death the same business 
ethics have been pre8er\'ed as its activities 
and accommodations have been increased to 
meet wider demands. 

John Chess Ellsworth was bom at South 
Bend, Indiana, December 20, 1877. His 
parents were Frederick D. and Nellie 
(Chess) Ellsworth. Frederick D. Ells- 
worth was bom in 1848, at Mishawaka, 
Indiana, and died at South Bend in 1897. 
He was reared in his native place and edu- 
cated there but in early manhood came 
to South Bend. His father, James Ells- 
worth, was born in the State of New York 
in 1817, where his English ancestors had 
been early settlers. James Ellsworth was 
a civil engineer by profession and made his 
first visit to Indiana in that line of work. 
He located permanently at Mishawaka and 
died there in 1852. 

In 1872 Frederick D. Ellsworth eniP 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1333 



barked in a mercantile husineas at South 
Bend, in a modest way, having »ome knowl- 
edge of dry gowls, and a keen, practical 
buaineas sense, and from the start was 
prosperous and through his sagacity safely 
guido<! his enterprise through subsequent 
various depressed business periods and 
panics. He continued active in the man- 
agement of his affairs until his death. He 
was a republican in his political views but 
never desired any public office, although 
he was an interested citizen and favored 
all measure* that promised to benefit the 
city. He was a faithful member of the 
Kpiscopal Church, which was largely his 
agent in the distribution of his charities. 
He was marrieil in this city to Miss Nellie 
Chess, who was born at South Hend in 1850 
and died here in 1900. They had but one 
child boni to them, John Chess. 

John Chess Ellsworth attended the pub- 
lic schools at South Bend and remained 
in the high school through his sophomore 
year and then became a student in Phillips 
Academy at Exeter, New Hampshire, from 
where he was graduated in 1896. Upon 
his return home he entered his father's 
business and has continueil interested here 
ever since and is sole owner. Mr. Ells- 
worth owns the handsome store building 
at NoH, 111-117 North Michigan Street, 
where he has a large amount of floor space 
and carries a stock stvond to none in 
Northern Indiana. He has other property 
at South Bend, including his comfortable 
and attractive residence at No. 'MO Wash- 
ington Street, South Bend. 

Mr. Ellsworth was married at I^well, 
Massachusetts, in 190.S, to Miss Alice 
Chalifaux, who is a daughter of J. L. and 
Helene (^halifaux, the latter of whom still 
resides at liowell. The father of Mrs. Ells- 
worth was formerly a prominent merchant 
in that city and his death occurreil there. 
Mr. and Mrs. Ellsworth have four chil- 
dren, three daughters and one son, namely: 
Ilelene, Frederick, Phyllis and Alice. 

While not particularly active politically, 
Mr. Ellsworth is a loyaJ republican and a 
patriotic citizen. He is a Knight Templar 
Mason, belonging to St. Jofieph Ixnlge No. 
45, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; 
South liend Chapter No. 29, Royal Arch 
Maaons; and South I^nd Commandery 
No. 13, Knights Templar. He is identified 
also with South Bend Lodge No. 235, 
Benevolent and Protective O^er of Elks. 
Orgmnizatioiia of a social nature in which 



Mr. Ellsworth finds congenial companion- 
ship are the Indiana Society and the In- 
diana and the Country clubs. He is a 
director in the First National Bank of 
South Bend. 

JrLius G. SiEGERT is one of the most 
interesting men of Northern Indiana, not 
only l)ecause of his long record as a teacher, 
but especially for the fact that for over 
half a centurj- lie has been connected with 
St. John's parochial school in the City of 
LaPorte. A year or so ago he celebrated 
his fiftieth anniversar\' as a teacher in 
those schools. In recent vears it has been 
his privilege to supervi.se the education 
(»f some young people who are grandchil- 
dren of some of his first pupils in St. 
John 8. 

Mr. Siegert was !)orn in the City of 
Breslau, Prussia, but has lived in America 
since carlv bovlioo<l. His father, Samuel 
(}. Siegert, was Iwm in the same city 
and was liberally educated and became an 
educator. He began teaching in young 
manhcKKi, and taught in Germany until 
lHr>4. He then bn)ught his family to Amer- 
ica and was on the ocean thirteen weeks 
battling with the waves before landing at 
New York (^ity. From there he went to 
Buffalo and was a teacher in the parochial 
sch(M>ls several years. l>ater he moved to 
Des IVres, Missouri, and was connected 
with the parochial schools of that commu- 
nity until his death at the advanced age 
of seventy-eight. He marrie<l Susanna 
Schultz, who die<l in Oennany. She was 
the mother of three children: Julius O. ; 
Charles, a resident of Chicago; and Mary, 
who married A. Levine, of Chicago. 

Julius (}. Siegert attended parochial 
si'hools taught by his father, and later took 
the normal course in Concordia College at 
Fort WXvne. W^hile he was an attendant 
there the college was moved to Addison, 
Illinois. He graduated in 1867, and his 
first assignment of duty was as a teacher 
in St. John's parochial school at IjaPorte. 
There has been no important interruption 
to the steady flow of his service and his 
duty, and in 1917, this school, its patrons 
and hundreds of its former students 
celebrated his fiftieth anniversary as a 
teacher. Seldom does such distinguished 
honor come to a man who has grown old 
in a service that repreaents the highest 
form of usefalnem. 

Mr. Siegert married in ! 



1334 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Louisa Fenker. Slie was bom in Cin- 
cinnati, daughter of Henry and Sophie 
Fenker, both natives of Germany. Sirs. 
Siegert died in August, 1910. Mr. Sie- 
gert besides six children who grew up 
in his home also has a number of grand- 
children. His own children are named 
Julia, Emma, Matilda, Lydia, Anna and 
Paul. Julia is the wife of Charles Mid- 
dledorf, and her four children are Hul- 
dah, Julius, Carl and Ruth. Emma was 
married to Christopher Borman. Matilda 
married Oeorge Tlrich and has nine chil- 
dren, Marie, Louis, Carl, Elsie, Margaret 
and Eloise, twins, Pauline and Louise, 
twins, and Adelle. Lydia Siegert be- 
came the wife of Henry Paul and has 
four children, Margaret, Louis, Otto and 
Harriet. Anna was married to Fred Zim- 
merman and has three sons, Ralph, Edgar 
and Frederick. Paul, the only son of 
Mr. Siegert has a son named Julius. 

Professor Siegert is a member of the 
Walther League and is chairman of Branch 
No. 50 of the Concordia Society. 

Martin LrECKE has for fifteen years 
directed the administration and the educa- 
tional ideals of one of Indiana s oldest 
and most important institutions of higher 
learning, Concordia College at Fort 
Wayne. There are men all over the world 
who grat«*fully rin^ognize their debt to Con- 
(*ordia College. It has been a training 
ground not only for mini.sters and teachers 
<»f the Lutheran Church but for men in all 
the walks and professions. 

Concordia College was founded in 1839 
in Perrv Count \% MiH.Honri, bv scmie Luth- 
eran refnget*s from Saxony. It was first 
taught in a lo^ cabin. I>ater it was re- 
move<l to the City of St. Ijouis, and when 
St. I/ouis l>et*aine almost a battleground 
of the Civil war the institution was re- 
movetl in 1861 to Fort Wayne, Indiana. 
Here it was reorganized and in a measure 
replaced the Lutheran Seminary. For over 
fifty years it has continueti its usefulness 
and growth and is now one of the largest 
and moNt infiuential Lutheran .sc^hools in 
Aitieriea. It has always emphasized the 
trainin^r of young men for the Lutheran 
ministry, thoutrh from time to time other 
departments have \yeeu created until the 
I'ollejre proviiles practically all the facilities 
of a university. For several years the col- 
lege* has oflTered instruction and training in 



military work. The campus now contains 
eighteen substantial buildings, including 
six residences, lecture hall, dormitory, din- 
ing hall, g>'muasium, heating plant, hos- 
pital and armory. 

I^Iuch of the ph^'sical growth and up- 
building of the institution has been accom- 
plished during the presidency of Dr. 
Martin Luecke. A native American, he 
was l)orn at Sheboygan County, Wisconsin, 
June 22, 1839, son of Christian and Emily 
(V'on Henning) Luecke. He was not a 
stranger to Fort Wayne and Concordia 
College when he entered upon the presi- 
dency, since he had taken his preparatory 
work here, graduating from the prepara- 
tory department in 1878. In 1881 he 
graduated from Concordia Theological 
Seminary at St. Louis, and began his duties 
as a minister of the Evangelical Lutheran 
(*hurch at Hethaltho. Illinois. He was sta- 
tioned there from 1881 to 1884 and at 
Troy. Illinois, from 1884 to 1892, in both 
of which places he performed some highly 
effective work. From 1892 until 1903 he 
was pastor of a large church at Springfield, 
Illinois, and during that time held several 
positions in the Synods of Missouri, Ohio, 
and other states. While at Springfield he 
founded the Springfield Hospital and 
Training School in 1897. 

Doctor Luecke became president and pro- 
fessor of New Testament Greek and Re- 
lijrion at Concordia College in 1903. Along 
with his work as a pastor and school ad- 
ministrator he has done much research 
and is a thoroutjh scholar. He is author of 
a History of the Civil war of the United 
States, published in 1892: a Histor\' of 
Conconlia Seminary at Springfield, Illi- 
nois, published in 1896; Synopsis of the 
Holy History of the Old and New Testa- 
ment, published in 1906: and of a Short 
Life of Christ, published in 1911. Doctor 
Lue<»ke married in 1882 Sina Mansholt of 
Dorsey, Illinois. Their son, Martin H. 
Luecke, is one of the prominent lawyers 
of Fort Wavne. 

LfCiAN Barboi-r was bom at Canton, 
Connecticut, March 4. 1811. He gradu- 
ate<l at Amherst in 1837, working his wav 
through college, and then removed to Mad- 
ison, Indiana, where he read law with 
Stephen C. Stephens, one of the judges of 
the Supreme Court of the state. In 1839 
he located at Indianapolis, and formed a 




ori^ 



1336 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



to seem crowded, but Mr. Dunn did not 
lose courage, and after a temporary return 
to a clerkship the path in 1881 opened to 
the business in which he has amassed a com- 
fortable fortune and additionally has built 
up a reputation for trustworthiness and 
public spirit. In this year he went into 
the real estate and loan business, a line of 
endeavor for which he has been particu- 
larly well fitted. Through his efforts a 
large amount of outside capital has been 
brought to South Bend, and many of the 
finest residence sections have come into be- 
ing. He owns a large amount of property, 
including his residence at No. 203 South 
Lafayette Street, where he has lived for 
over si.xty years. In addition to his in- 
terests mentioned he is vice-president of 
the Saint Joseph County Savings Bank. 

Mr. Dunn was marrieti at South Bend 
in Octol)er, 1864, to Miss Mary Hamilton, 
who was l)orn in Pennsylvania and died 
at South Bend in 1905, the mother of three 
children and one grandchild, as follows: 
Grace, who is the wife of John G. Schurz, 
a traveling agent in the matter of syste- 
matizing business methods, an expert and 
they have one son, Franklin Dunn 
Schurz ; Flora, who is the wife of F. A. 
Miller, the able editor of the South Bend 
Tribune; and Blanche, who resides with 
her father. 

Mr. Dunn identifies himself politically 
as an indefiendent demo(*rat. lie has 
never th»sired public offirc but has served 
for eleven vears as a menil>er of the school 
lK>anl. From youth he has l)een a member 
of the Methodist Kpis<*opal Church and for 
forty years has l>een a tnistee of the First 
Meth<Hlist Cburrh here. Many years ago 
he assi.sted in building the old church an<l 
later gave e<|ual help when the new edifice 
took the plare of the old one. He has en- 
couraged many worthy enterprises here and 
is a meml>er of the Chamber of Commerce, 
the Y. .M. C. A. and the Countn- Club. 

DEsn>KJ{irs I). NKMJrrii. secretarj' of the 
St. Jos«»|)h County Bar Asso<^*iation, came 
to South Bend ten years ago and haa 
achieve<l a high reputation in his profes- 
sion and is well known in local civic and so- 
cial affairs. 

lie was l>orn in the town of Nagy-Sza- 
lonta, in the county of Bihar, Hungarj*. 
His father. William Nemeth, was bom at 
Belenyes in the same county, served an 



apprenticeship as a blacksmith, but on ac- 
count of failing health became a tailor and 
followed his trade at Nagy-Szalonta and 
later at Arad. He died at the age of thirty- 
two. His wife, Amelia Sonnenfeld, was 
bom at Arad, and she came to America 
in 1893 and is now living at South Bend. 

D. D. Nemeth attended school steadily 
in his native land from the age of six to 
twenty-two, receiving the A. B. and M. S. 
degrees. In 1892 he went to Paris, study- 
ing one year in that city, and in 1893 came 
to the United States, where he entered 
the Unfversity of the City of New York. 
He was graduated in law from that insti- 
tution in 1897. After that he had to wait 
two years before he could secure his natur- 
alization papers, and immediately then 
was admitted to practice. In the mean* 
time he had been in the government service 
as an interpreter at the immigrant station 
on Ellis Island. Leaving the east he spent 
two years in Arizona, also acting as a 
United States Immigration Inspector on 
the Mexican border for two years. 

Mr. Nemeth located at South Bend in 
1907 and has enjoyed a good law practice 
and is also in the insurance business. He 
has been honored for three consecutive 
terms as secretary of the Bar Association. 
He is a member of several fraternities and 
also the Country Club. 

James B. Elmore. A minor distinction 
attaching to the Indiana school of authors 
is that even the more successful in the 
financial sense have chosen to remain at 
home, close to the original .source of their 
inspiration. They are known as casual 
visitors, not as resident members of the 
metropolitan literary centers. James B. 
Elmore, the **bard of Alamo,'' whose verse 
has been read ** round the world," is still 
at Alamo, where his genius was forged in 
a peaceful Indiana landscape, some consid- 
erable portion of which he has acquired 
*Mn fee" as he long ago acquired it by 
poetic license, and is busy with livestock 
and crops as well as the implements of 
literature. 

Mr. Elmore was bom January 25, 1857, 
at the little town of Alamo in Ripley town- 
ship of Montgomery- County. Alamo is his 
home tmlay, and while at different times in 
the passing years he has made excursions 
to distant scenes he has always retumed, 
and he has no other thought today than 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1337 



that Alamo will he his home the rest of his 
life. He is a son of Matthias and Mary 
(Willis) Klmoro. Matthias Klinoro. who 
was l)orn in Ohio in 1809 and died in 1892, 
had a meajrer education during his youth, 
goin^ no further than **the rule of three" 
in mathematics. Heinp a prcat reader and 
a man of keen perceptions he pra<*tieally 
ae<|uired an education a\u\ a p*K)d one at 
that hy his own efforts, lie took a keen 
interest in politics and in eairly days was a 
whiff. He was a carpenter by trade and 
helped construct the first Mctho<list Epis- 
copal Church at Crawfordsville. His chief 
life work, however, was farminjr. Matthias 
Elmore was three times married. Hy his 
first marriap» he ha<l seven children and 
six l>v his second wife, hut none hv the last 
union. His first wife was a cousin of 
William Enjrlish, a well known political 
leader ami capitalist in Indianapolis. His 
third wife was Virfrinia Kyle. Of the 
thirteen children only i\ye are now livinp. 
James H. Elmore's father was of Scotch 
descent and his mother of Dutch lineape. 
and a native of Ohio. 

James H. Elmore j?rew up on a farm, 
workinjc in the summer and f?oiner to school 
in the winter until he reachetl the ajre of 
fifteen. He then entered the Alamo 
Aeademy, where he <rraduat(Ml in a larpe 
class. Amon<r his classmat<*s were X. J. 
rhnlfelter, |K)ct and novelist : William 
Humphrey, memhcr of ronjrress from the 
state of Washinjrton : Oswald Humphrey, 
president of Cornell rniversity; Eva (Mod- 
felter Hallard, a novelist ; William Den- 
man, a ft)rmer puhlic ofH<'ial nf Putnam 
County; and Alhert (Jilkey, a lar^re hard- 
ware merchant of Oklahoma. 

Mr. Elmore's amhitions to ohtain a col- 
lejriatc training were never realized. Hut 
.si'hools and <'ollc<rcs do not makt* p<>ets, 
irreat tloctors. profcs.sional men of any 
kind, they merely afford a more ccmvcnient 
op|)ortunitiy fi»r yonn^r men of talents to 
acquire their preliminary traininjr. Thus 
it was with Mr. Elmore. The practical 
experiences of day hy day livin<r. and a 
vast amount of misct»llantN)iis readinjr have 
supplied him with those materials out of 
which character an<l success are mohle<l. 

For twenty years Mr. Ehnore tauirht 
stchool. chieflv in winter terms, farminjr 
iluriug the summer. On Fehruary 14. 1S80. 
he married Miss Marv Ann Murrav, of 
Nevada City, Missouri. She was honi in 



Missouri May 23, 1863, daughter of James 
and Mary Ann (Templin) Murray, her 
father a native of Kentueky. Mr. and Mrs. 
Elmore hatl i\\'e children : Maude L. and 
Nora now decease^l; K^woe M., l>orn Oc- 
tober 1. 1882, marri(»d Myrtle Lattimore 
and iKM-ame a successful teacher; (Jraee, 
horn January 17, 1885. wife of Nathan 
Drolinp^r; and Alhert Murray. Inirn Sep- 
teml)er 20, 1889, who married Lula M. Seit« 
and has two children, James Hyron, Jr., 
named in honor of his prrandfather, and 
Marjraret An pel inc. 

Mr. Elmore has always acknowle<ljfed a 
^rrcat deht to his wife. He paid her a 
delicate tribute in a little autobii)(rraphieal 
sketch he wrote at one time in the following 
words: 'Tnlike {hv bachelor pm»ts of his 
time. Mr. Elmore sinjrs of nature, romance 
and love, such as they can never do. Their 
dreams, as of *Swei»thearts of Lonjr Af?o,* 
nt»ver materialized except through the 
mystic .smoke of tohacc*> finnes and nepen- 
the of varied mysttTious spirits of the low- 
er re^rions. Elmon* loves the pure and un- 
defilc<l idyls that roam about the W(M)ds and 
pastun»s, wh(»se visions and inspirations 
c<mie by breathing? the sweet aronui of the 
beautiful flowers which charm the jr^wls of 
the nniv(»rse and harmoni/e every element 
of human nature in a beautiful paragon 
of love, where man ever rests in that 
beaut i fid and blissful abotle of everlast- 
ing happiness." 

Through tlu» various years of his work 
as a teacher Mr. Elmore wrote 04'casional 
poems f<>r the newspapers. It was at the 
re«|mNt of his wift» in l^!>8 that he publishe<I 
his first vohnne of pi»ems, a volume that 
had a wide run of popularity and served to 
rnakt* his name more widely appr(»ciate<l. 
It was c<miparativelv earlv in his career 
that Mr. Jf»ss4» (ircene of Crawfordsville 
christenrd him the Hard of Alanui, and 
it is by that tith» he is doubtless most 
widely known. Some of his best verse 
was written while he was in school, two 
poems of great merit dating from that 
pericwi of his life being ''The Helle of 
Alamo.*' and the ''Red Hird.'' The first 
lKM»k title was *'Love Among the Mistletoe 
an<l other HiH'ms. *' Two years later this 
was followed by "A Lover in Cuba and 
Other Poems." A few years later came his 
third volnme of versi' * 'Twent v-five vears 
in Jackville" ami a romance in the **I)ay8 
of the (Jolden Circle." His last volume 



1338 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



bears the title "Autumn Roses." He is 
just completing a work which goes to press 
shortly under title of ** Nature Poems." 
Mr. Elmore has also appeared before many 
cultured audiences as a lecturer, his serv- 
ices being in demand by many colleges and 
institutions. His writings are to a large 
degree a transcript of his experience and 
reflect largely that elevation of feeling 
which pervades the simple and common- 
place life. If he were not so well known 
as a poet he might easily be classed as one 
of Indiana s most prosperous and pro- 
gressive farmers. 

At the time of his marriage and after 
some years as a rural school teacher he in- 
vested the sum of four hundred dollars, 
all that he had been able to save, in thirty 
acres of land. That thirtv acres is in- 
eluded in his present farm. There he lived 
for some time in a log cabin. Besides 
farming he taught school. lie purchased 
eighty acres more, going in debt for that, 
and traded the eighty for a hundred sixty 
acres near home, and this quarter section 
he still owns. I^ater he bought eighty acres 
from his father and also inherited another 
forty-seven acres. He also bought sixty 
acres south of the hcmie place and a hun- 
dred sixty acres north of the home farm. 
That makes him proprietor of a fine domain 
of five hundreil forty acres, nearly all til- 
lable, and moreover well tilled, well fenced 
and perfectly improved into practically a 
modern Indiana farm and homestead. Mr. 
Elmore for a number of years has made a 
specialty of raising Poland China hogs 
and Polled cattle. While he undoubtedly 
has the literar\' temperament, he has in 
the management of his farm the genius of 
the business man, seen evervwhere in the 
system and efficiency which characterize 
the farm. 

Mr. Elmore is affiliated with the Knights 
of Pythias, the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows and the Woodmen of the World, is 
a memlwT of the Christian Church, and 
beginning to vote for the democrats he 
later l>ecame a republican. He has deser\'ed 
well of his fallow men, has profited because 
he has servtsl well, and to a large degree 
his life has l>een its ovn\ reward. 

EiMiAR M. Rai^wix. The conventional 
hero from the time of Ulysses to the present 
is cme who has played many parts, has 
teen much of strange lands and strange 



peoples, and has an altogether tempes- 
tuous and stormy career until he rests 
more or less content in old age in his 
beloved Ithaca. But many adventures and 
experiences worth while may befall the 
man who spends his. life in quiet places, 
almost altogether in the community that 
knew him as a boy, and that knew his 
parents and grandparents and even more 
remote ancestors before him. 

That has been the lot and destiny of 
Edgar M. Baldwin, editor and proprietor 
of The Fairmount News, and well and 
favorably known as a journalist and man 
of affairs in many other parts of Indiana 
than Grant County. 

The Baldwins are an old and numerous 
lineage both in America and in Wales. 
From three colonial settlers of the name 
are descended many well known people, 
including Governor Simeon Baldwin of 
Connecticut; Judge Daniel P. Baldwin, at 
one time attorney general of Indiana, and 
the Baldwins who established and con- 
ducted the great Baldwin Locomotive 
Works. 

The Baldwins in Grant County are de- 
scended from one of three brothers who 
settled in North Carolina. They were all 
Quakers, chiefly farmers by occupation. 
The great-grandfather of the Fairmount 
editor was Daniel Baldwin, Sr., who was 
born in North Carolina and married Mary 
Benbow. 

Of their children Daniel Baldwin, Jr., 
was bom in Guilford County, North Caro- 
lina, December 10, 1789, and married in 
1812 Christian Wilcuts, who was bom No- 
vember 1 1, 1793. After their marriage they 
put their simple household equipment in 
a wagon and with ox teams set out for the 
Northwest, joining the old Quaker settle- 
ment near Richmond, in Wayne County, 
Indiana. In 1833 Daniel Baldwin brought 
his family to Grant County and moved 
into a partly finished log cabin on the 
southwest comer of Main and Eighth 
Streets in Fairmount, at that time an un- 
broken wilderness. Ilis was the first house 
in the present corporation limits of Fair- 
mount. A considerable part of the north 
side of that village is built on land that he 
owned. Daniel Baldwin, Jr., died at Fair- 
mount Octol)er 9, 1845, and his wife Oc- 
tober 28, 1848. They were active in estab- 
lishing the first Quaker church at Back 
Creek. They were the parents of eleven 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1339 



children, and by their marriages and de- 
scendants they comprise a very numerous 
interrelationship, many still found in Grant 
County, while many others went to other 
counties and states. 

Micah Baldwin, father of Edgar M., was 
bom in Wayne County, May 26, 1828. As 
he grew up he worked on his father's 
farm, but later in life he learned the trade 
of tanner and followed that occupation 
for a number of years. In 1877 he gave 
up the tanning trade and became a dealer 
in meats. While conducting a tanner>' he 
had also handled and made custom shoes 
and harness, and his last years were spent 
as a custom maker of shoes and as a re- 
pairer. He worked in that line to within 
six weeks of his death. He died March 13, 
1893. He was a birthright Quaker and kept 
utmost fidelity to that faith. April 24, 
1850, he married Miss Sarah Morris, who 
was born in Wayne County, Indiana, De- 
cember 3, 1830, daughter of Nathan and 
Miriam (Ben bow) Slorris. Her people 
were also earlv settlers of Grant County, 
and her father was very prominent as a 
member and minister of the Quaker 
Church. 

Edgar M. Baldwin was the seventh in 
age among his parents' nine children, and 
was bom at Fairmount, April 2, 1866. He 
attended the local public schools and at 
the age of eleven, in 1877, started to learn 
the printing trade. lie worked in The 
Fairmount News office and as a journey- 
man travelctl over the country, develop- 
ing his skill in the composing rooms of 
some of the larpest dailies and printing 
establishments in the countr}-. This em- 
ployment brought him to the cities of Cin- 
cinnati. Indianapolis and Chicago, where 
he was employed on the old Chicago 
Herald, was for two years in a law print- 
ing house in N«*w York T'ity, did work at 
Washington and other eastern cities, so- 
journed liriefly again at Cincinnati. In- 
dianapolis aiui Chicago, and in lh85 re- 
turnc<I to Fainnount. For three years he 
WHS proprietor of The Fairmount News. 
This was followed by an experience in 
jf»urnalisin on what was then the frontier 
of Western Kansas, where for a few 
niontlis he conducted The Ellis Headlight. 
In l.**!Mi lie was app<»inte<l to a position in 
the (lovernmcnt printing offi<*e at Wash- 
ington, and during the next four and a 



half years was employed on many of the 
large jobs in what is the greatest printing 
establishment in America. 

Mr. Baldwin was living in Fairmount 
when the Spanish-American war broke 
out in 1898. On April 26th, four days 
after the declaration of war, he joined 
C^ompany A, One Hundred and Sixtieth 
Indiana Infantr>'. He was with the regi- 
ment in training at Chickamauga but was 
ill in the hospital when his regiment left 
for the invasion of Porto Rico. A few 
days later he went with the Fifth Illinois 
Regiment, rejoining his own command at 
Newport News, Virginia, which, after the 
peace protocol had l)een signe<I, was trans- 
ferred to the Anny of Occupation and 
sent to Matanzas Province in C'uba. Mr. 
Baldwin was honorably discharged at 
Savannah, Georgia, April 26, 1899, being 
mustered out of the service with his regi- 
ment just a year after his enlistment. 

Four years of experience as a traveling 
salesman and Mr. Baldwin became proprie- 
tor of The Fairmount News, in 1903, and 
that paper has been under his continuous 
management and control for fifteen years. 
He has brought The News to a position of 
great influence and popularity in Grant 
and adjoining counties, and has made his 
printing plant a very profitable business. 

Mr. Baldwin is a man of unusual range 
of interests, and he and his paper are 
S4|uarely behind every movement that may 
properly be described as progressive and 
patriotic. He 8er\*etl as Endorsing Clerk 
in the Indiana State Senate in 1908-09, 
was the nominee in the Republican caucus 
for assistant clerk of the House of Repre- 
sentatives during the following session, 
was Treasurer of the Republican Editorial 
Association of Indiana, and Treasurer of 
the CJrant County Central Committee. In 
1912 he joined the Progressive party and 
was nominate<l for Congress in the 
Eleventh Congressional District. Mr. 
Baldwin is rcgarde<l as the chief local his- 
torian of his town and township in Grant 
County. Through his paper and his in- 
divi<hial writings he has kept alive many 
of the interesting facts regarding that old 
settlement, and in a Historj' of Grant 
County publi.shed in 1914 he was author 
of a chapter pertaining to Fairmount and 
in 1917 he publishe<l **The Making of a 
Township,'* which is an interesting en- 



1340 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



larirement upon his original thesis. He 
and his family are members of the Friends 
Church at Fairmount. 

Au^st 23, 1887, he married Miss Myra 
Rush, dau^rhter of Reverend Nixon and 
liouisa Rush of Grant County. Mrs. Bald- 
win was born near Fairmount, July 4, 
1865, and was the first graduate of 
Fairmount Academy with the class of 1887. 
She has been doselv associated with her 
husband in newspaper work, serving as 
citv editor of The Fairmount News. Their 
only son, Mark, bom Juno 8, 1889, gradu- 
ated from Fairmount Academy in 1909. 
and from Earlhain College at Richmond 
with the class of 1912. lie served one 
year during the war with (Jcrmany in the 
air s<»rvice, Tnited States Army. Tie is 
now a srientist in the employ of the Bureau 
of Soils. Department of Ajrriculture. 

A. Jones. Here and there throusrh 
these pages will be fournl note of not a 
few successful men. and women too, who 
have attributed one earlv source of their 
inspiraticm and good training to the Ma- 
rion Normal College. Among institutions 
that were founded and have been con- 
ducted by private enterprise this college 
has no superior in the state in the way of 
efficienry and thonniirh work, and it has 
served to train a large bo<ly of men and 
women, not only for educational tasks, but 
for an adecpiatc fulfillment of all the serv- 
ice <lemandeil of a complete and harmoni- 
(ms life. 

The college was orjnmized in 1S91 by 
Mr. A. Jon«*s with a corps of four instruc- 
tors. The first ♦juarters were in a buibling 
at the <*orncr of Thirtieth and Washine- 
ton streets. During the first year courses 
were otTere<l in business, arts and music 
mu\ some a<*ademic work. Later there was 
offcrctl a four vears' course einbracinjr 
both theoretical and academic work, in 
everv S4>nse eoual to the cours4»s offered bv 
stati* nonnal schools. There is also a four- 
year course for giMieral students, offering 
courses in s<'ience. mathematics and litera- 
ture. In lh94 the college was move<l to 
an attra«-tive biiildinjr l>etween Washing- 
ton and Harmon streets. This college 
home was ere<»ti»<l spe<Mfically for the use 
of the s<*hool. It is a three-stor>- and ba.se- 
m(»nt building of brick, iH'cupying ground 
dimen.si(ms of 9^) by 80 f«»et. 

The founder of this s<'hooI was born in 



Shelby County, Indiana, in 1855, only 
child of Elijah and Sarah (Wagner) 
Jones, who were also natives of this state. 
The paternal ancestors came from Scot- 
land and were early settlers of Pennsyl- 
vania. The Wagners were of German ori- 
gin. Both the Wagner and Jones fami- 
lies were pioneers in Shelby and Rush 
counties. Professor Jones* paternal grand- 
father and his maternal great-grandfather 
were well-known ministers of the Methodist 
Church. 

Professor Jones was reared in Shelby 
County, ac(|uiring much of his education 
at Danville. lie is a graduate civil engi- 
neer. Nearly all his life has been spent 
in school work and school administration. 
For two years he was a teacher in the 
grade schools at Glenwood and for years 
had charge of the Schools at Zionsville. 
Just before he came to Marion to establish 
the normal college he was superintendent 
of schools at Danville. Mr. Jones is a man 
of scholarly tastes, and has attained some 
recognition in scholarship circles for his 
work and investigations with the micro- 
8<*ope. 

In 1901 he established the Teachers' 
Journal, and has been editor of this .jour- 
nal from the time it was establi.shed. From 
the very l>eginning the Teachers' Journal 
has l)een recognized as one of the strongest 
eiiucational periodicals in the West. 

In 1884 he married Jessie M. Davis. She 
was bom in Fayette County, Indiana, 
daughter of William and Emily (Wil- 
liams > Davis. Mr. and Mrs. Jones are 
members of the First Methodi.st Episcopal 
Church at Marion. 

Homer II.vyes Scott has been a figure 
in the educational life and affairs of Grant 
County for a numl>er of years. He is a 
young man of great natural ability, and 
this ability has found expression in activi- 
ties that <'onstitute an important service 
and an instrument of good in the advance- 
ment and progress of his community. 

He was born on a farm in Grant County, 
March 13, 1879, son of Elihu and Sarah 
((irindle^ Scott. Largely through his own 
efforts he ac<|uired a lil)eral wlucation, and 
in 19i:i was granted the degree A. B. by 
the Muncie National Institute. He began 
his work as a teacher in 1899, and for five 
years was principal of the Van Buren 
Township High School, and for five vears 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



1343 



In 1900 Mr. Elliott married Lillian 
Smith, daughter of J. E. Smith of New- 
castle. They have an interesting family 
of children: William Henry, born May 
4. 1901, died Julv 6, 1902; Frances B., 
born Julv 27, 190.3; George Willis, bom 
May 21/1905, and died July 31, 1906; 
Martha Loa. born June 25, 1911 ; and John 
Smith, bom March 3, 1915. 

Mr. Elliott has always been an active 
republican. In 1906 he was defeated for 
the nomination for state representative by 
the sitting incumbent. In 1917 he was 
cleetotl mayor of Newcastle after winning 
tho nomination in a field of seven candi* 
dates, and entered upon his duties Jan- 
uary 7, 1917, for a term of four years. He 
is treasurer of the Henry County War 
Chest Fund, has served as chairman of 
the Henr>' County Liberty Loan Commit- 
tee, and his name is identified with every 
progressive movement in his home city, 
whether for local benefits or for the broader 
service of the war. Mr. Elliott is a Knight 
Templar Mason and Shriner. is affiliated 
with the Improved Order of Red Men, the 
Junior Order United American Mechan- 
ics, the Woodmen of the World, Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks, the 
Fraternal Order of Eagles, is president of 
the Boy Scouts Counfil. the Newcastle 
Country Club, and the Columbia Club and 
Marion Club of Indianapolis. 

As mayor of Newcastle Mr. Elliott de- 
votes his entire time to its duties, having 
tumcil over tho management of the Cour- 
rier to his capable and efficient sister, Jean 
Elliott, the only woman in Indiana in ac- 
tual and active charge of a newspaper 
plant the size of the Courier. Mr. Elliott's 
slogan when a candidate for mayor was "A 
business man for the city's business," and 
he is living up to it by giving the city all 
of his time and thought, with the idea and 
hope that liis example will make it forever 
impossible for any man to become mayor 
of Newcastle for purely political reasons, 
believing as he does that his four years in 
the office will cause the people of his city 
to hereafter prefer and demand business 
methods in the administration of munici- 
pal affairs. 

JrnoE Wn^JAM Z. Stttart was bom 
St De<lham, Massachusetts. De<*embcr 25, 
1811. the son of Dr. James and Nancy 
(Allison) Stuart, of Aberdeen, Scotland. 



When nine years old his parents returned 
to Scotland, but the boy preferred Amer- 
ica, and at fourteen ran away from home 
and returned to Massachusetts. He found 
employment at New Bradford aa a durg 
clerk for two years, and then at Boston 
in the same occupation. He took up the 
study of me<licine and worked his way 
through Amherst College, graduating in 
1833. 

He was principal of the Hadley High 
School for a year, and then, for two years, 
principal of the Mayville Academy at 
Westfield, New York, meanwhile reading 
law. In 1836 he removed to Logansport, 
Indiana, and engageil in practice with suc- 
cess. He was elected prosecuting attor- 
ney of the Eighth Judicial Circuit in 1845, 
state representative in 1851, and Supreme 
judge in 1852. In 1856 he was the demo- 
cratic candidate for Congress against 
Schuyler Colfax, but was defeated. In 
1857 he resignetl as judge, and became 
attorney for the Toledo & Wabash Rail- 
way Company. 

Judge Stuart received the degree of 
LL. n. from Amherst in 1868. He died 
at ^Clifton Springs, New York, May 7, 
1876. For detailed sketch, see ** Repre- 
sentative Men of Indiana," Tenth District, 
page 37. 

Juuus A. Lemcke was one of the best 
citizens Indiana ever had. While he 
gained distinction by election for two 
terms as state treasurer, and was conspicu- 
ously successful as a business man, both 
at Evansville and Indianapolis, it was not 
until after his death that his services were 
properly appreciated and estimated. The 
brief story of his life as here given is only 
a modest estimate of his activities and in- 
fluences. 

Captain I>emcke was born in Hamburg, 
Germany, September 11, 1832, and died 
in Indianapolis at the advanced age of 
seventy-nine. When he was a .small boy 
his father die<l, and in the spring of 1846, 
as a youth, he emigrated to the United 
States, An ocean voyage of three months 
on a sailing vessel brought him, then four- 
teen years of age, to New Orleans, and a 
trip of several days up the Mississippi and 
Ohio rivers carried him to the farm of his 
maternal uncle, William L. Dubler, ten 
miles from Evansville, on the New Har- 
mony Road. There was no child in the 



1341 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



household and the four years which the 
hardy German boy spent on this home- 
stead were busy ones indeed, valuable to 
him chiefly as a season of good discipline. 
His wages were nothing the first year and 
four dollars monthly the last year. He 
then entered a dr>' goods store in Evans- 
ville. In his quaint **Book of Reminis- 
cences/' published not long before his 
death, the Captain gives a graphic sketch 
of the duties which had fallen to him. **It 
was not unnatural/' he says **that the 
childless couple I left behind should be 
loth to part with a handy boy, who, never 
idle, began at daybreak with milking the 
cows, before breakfast had fed the stock and 
chopped an armful of wood, and who dur- 
ing the day when not at work in the field or 
the clearing, kept up repairs on the barn 
and the farming implements of the place, 
patche<l the harness of the horses, half- 
soled the shoes of the family, did the hog 
killing at Christmas, pickled the hams and 
smokeil them, made the sausage and souse, 
watched the ash hopper, boiled the soap, 
and who on Saturday nights helped Aunt 
Hannah dam the stockings of the family." 
Not to mention assisting the old uncle in 
his prosperous country store both in sell- 
ing his goods and in hauling country 
produce to Kvansville for shipment to New 
Orleans. 

After working in the dry goods store, 
studying bookkeeping at night and clerk- 
ing in a grain and grocery store for about 
a year, young Lemcke went to New Or- 
leans as receiving clerk on a passenger 
steamer. On his return he was sent up 
On^n River in Kentucky to take charge 
of a <'<mntry store and in the winter of 
1852 he took charge of the railroad sta- 
tion of Kings Station, then the northern 
terminus of the Kvansville and Terre 
Haute line. The station was in the forest, 
and the agent, who was soon dispensetl 
with, returned to Kvansville and com- 
mence<l to make cigars. Soon afterward 
he was back on the river as a steamboat 
clerk, and then for some time operate*! a 
count r>' store, auctioneered! and did va- 
rious other things a dozen miles from 
Mount Vernon, Posey County, Indiana. 

Another return to Kvansville followed, 
with some experience in connection with 
the •*wild cat" banks of the place. Alto- 
gether al>out twenty-seven years of his 
earlier life were spent in Kvansville as 



merchant, banker, in the promotion of the 
boat interests of the Ohio River, and as a 
leader in the republican party. 

In the autumn of 1856 he appeared as 
a vigorous campaigner for Fremont and 
the republican party. He was elected city 
clerk of Kvansville in 1858. He then be- 
came a member of the wholesale grocery 
firm of Sorenson, Lemcke & Company, 
from which he emerged financially broken 
but in fair spirit. He built a first-class 
hotel, of which the city was much in need, 
and before the outbreak of the war had 
become largely interested in several well 
equipped steamboats, having by general 
consent fairly earned the title of captain. 
It was as a boat owner and operator that 
Captain I^emcke acquired his modest early 
fortune and his high standing as a busi- 
ness man. In 1861 the United States Gov- 
ernment detailed him to patrol the lower 
Ohio River, and before the regular posts 
were established in the valley he did good 
service in preventing the transportation 
of supplies across the .lines to the Con- 
federacy. He also served with one of his 
boats under Generals Grant and Sheridan 
at Cairo and Paducah, and carried away 
the first load of wounded soldiers from Port 
Donelson. Still later he was in the mili- 
tary service on the Ohio, Tennessee and 
Cumberland rivers, and in 1862 with Cap- 
tain Dexter he organized the first Kvans- 
ville and Cairo line. 

After the restoration of peace he served 
for ten years as a member of the Ohio 
River Commission, and during his day no 
man was more closely identified with the 
transportation interests of the Ohio Valley. 
In 1876 he was elected city treasurer of 
Kvansville and in 1880 became sheriff of 
the county, serving two terms, and was 
also a member of the city police board. 
For a number of years he* was cashier of 
the Merchants National Bank of Kvans- 
ville and was also interested in a local 
woolen factor}'. 

Julius A. I^emcke was elected state 
treasurer of Indiana in 1886, and re-elected 
in 1888. On beginning his first term in 
1887 he removed to Indianapolis, and re- 
tired from office in 1891. Subsequently 
he declined the post of United States treas- 
urer offered by General Harrison. Cap- 
tain Lemcke had lived in the United States 
twenty years before he revisited the Fath- 
erland in 1866, and about thirtv years 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1345 



after he returned to Germany for the sec- 
ond time. While in the old country he 
formed a warm attachment to the poet 
Bodenstedt, who died while Captain 
Lemrke wait in Germany, and the latter 
wa8 honored by appointment aa one of his 
famous friend 8 pallbearers. During a 
residence of over twenty years in In- 
dianapolis Captain Lemcke was identified 
with business affairs in different lines, and 
in 1895 betran the erection of the Lemcke 
HuiidinfT. which has lonir stood as one of 
the prominent office structures in the busi- 
ness districts. Since his death his busi- 
ness has been continued by his son, Ralph 
A. Lemcke. 

Durinp the later years of his life Cap- 
tain Lemcke devoted much time to writ- 
ing? an account of his European travels 
in his ** Reminiscences of an Indianan/' 
the latter being a book which represents 
a distinct contribution to Indiana history 
and literature. He had a great gift for 
humorous and graphic narrative. He was 
one of the older members of the Columbia 
Club, the Maenncrchor, the German House, 
the Indianapolis Literary Club, and the 
Indianapolis Art' Association. It is said 
that no one was ever more welcome to any 
circle which he chose to enter than Cap- 
tain Ix»mckc. 

He <lied of pneumonia at his home on 
North Pennsylvania Street and was buried 
in Evansville l)eside his oldest son, George, 
who had die<l ten vears before. January 
1. 1874, Captain Lemcke married Emma 
O 'Riley. He was sun^ived by his widow, 
two daughters, Mrs. Harry Sloan Hicks; 
Eleanor, wife of Russell Fortune; and one 
son. Ralph A. I^emcke. 

In the wonls of one who knew and had 
followed his career, ** Captain Lemcke was 
a man who drew people to him because 
they adfnire^I him for what he had really 
accomplishe<l and l>ecause of the attractive 
power which always abides with thoae who 
themselves have an honest affection for 
their fellows. Such lovable characters 
avoid much of the wear and tear of life 
which fall upon those who plow through 
the world by sheer strength and uncom- 
promising force.** 

• 

Chari,er E. H.vtciieler has done much 
in the cause of commercial e<lucation in 
Indiana, and for fully fifteen years has 
been identified with some of the leading 



business schools of the state either aa in- 
structor or as executive head. He is now 
manager of the well-equipped Anderson 
Business College at Anderson. He has 
done his part in the essential task of prop- 
erly preparing and ec|uipping a host of 
young men and women for the responsi- 
bilities and opportunities of the commer- 
cial world. 

Mr. Hatcheler was born in West River 
Township, Randolph County, Indiana, 
June 11, 1882. His early environment was 
that of a farm. His parents were W. 0. 
and Alice (Ilutchcns) Hatcheler. Mr. 
Hatcheler is of English ancestry. As a 
boy he lived at home on the farm and at- 
tended school at Hloomingsport through 
the eighth grade. For two years he was 
a student in the high school at Winches- 
ter, graduating in 1901, and soon after- 
ward went to work as a teacher in a coun- 
try school. He spent four years in the 
schools of White River Township of his 
native county, one year in Washington 
Township, and with a view to preparinir 
himself for larger opportunities he then 
entered Richmond Business College. His 
proficiency was such that the management 
of the school prevailed upon him to remain 
and teach shorthand and bookkeeping. 
That startci^l him in the field where his 
greatest success has since been. When the 
Indiana Business College bought the 
Richmond school Mr. Batcheler was put 
on the staff of instructors of the larger 
institution, was made bookkeeping instruc- 
tor at Muncie for six months, filled a simi- 
lar position in the school at Marion, and 
then for a year and a half was principal 
of a Im'al business college at Anderson. 
From here he removed to Lafayette, In- 
diana, and for f\\v years was manager of 
the Laiayette Business College and for 
three years of that time had the manage- 
ment of the Crawfordsville Business Col- 
lege. From Indiana Mr. Batcheler then 
went East, and for three years was head 
of the liookkeeping department of the 
Salem Commercial S<»hool at Salem, Massa- 
chusetts. He returned to Anderson. June 
1, 1917. to assume his present duties as 
manager of the Anderson Business College. 

In 1917 Mr. Batcheler married Grace 
Siler of Lafavette, Indiana, daughter of 
W. H. and Ella (McKee) Siler. Mr. 
Batcheler is a republican, has filled all the 
chairs in Lafayette Lodge No. 5, of the 



1346 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Independent Order of Odd Fellows, is 
senior deac<m of Winchester Lodge No. 56, 
Free and Accepted Masons, and a member 
of the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks. His church is the Methodist. 

V. H. Osborne has been a business man 
of Anderson for over twenty years, and 
has built up extended and prosperous busi- 
ness connections as a heating engineer, hav- 
ing one of the best equipped establish- 
ments and one of the most complete serv- 
ices in that line in Eastern Indiana. 

Vandercook Hiram Osborne was bom on 
a farm near Clyde, New York, in 1871, of 
English ancestry, and a son of Robert B. 
and Mary E. (Vandercook) Osborne. His 
people have been in America for many gen- 
erations. Mr. Osborne grew up on his 
father's farm, and had most of his educa- 
tion in the coiintr>' schools of Shelldrake, 
in Seneca County, New York. When he 
was sixteen years of age, in 1887, the fam- 
ily removed to Indiana, locating at Union 
City. Here he went to work in his uncle's 
factor>', J. H. Osborne & Company, but 
a year later apprenticed himself to learn 
the plumbing and heating trade at Muncie, 
and for eight years was with the Hyland 
& Kirby Company, both as an apprentice 
and as a journeyman. Returning to Union 
City, he worked at gas fitting when the 
first gas was piped into that city. Again 
at Muncie, he was a journeyman for one 
year for Davis & Retherford, and he also 
spent a year in the far West at Cripple 
Creek, Colorado, where along with work at 
his trade he did some gold prospecting. 

In Mav, following the first inauguration 
of President McKinley. in 1897, Mr. Os- 
borne returned to Indiana and located at 
Anderson. For three vears he remained 
steadily at work as a joume\Tnan with 
Popcll & Darte. Having saved his money, 
and with abundant experience as addi- 
tional equipment and capital, he went into 
business for himself at his present loca- 
tion. 115 East 8th Street, and while there 
his huniness has grown anil increase<l and 
prospennl and his establishment for gen- 
eral plumbing and heating is known all 
over Madison County and oven adjoining 
count jps. 

In lino Mr. Osborne inarrie<l Stella 
(twinnup, daughter of William K. and 
Amy (Baldwin^ (twinnup of Anderson. 
Thev have two children : Bruce Wavne. 



bom in 1911 ; and Beverly Jean, bom Oc- 
tober 30, 1915. 

Mr. Osborne supports the republican 
ticket in national affairs, but is usually in- 
dependent in loca} elections. He is a mem- 
ber of the First Christian Church and is 
affiliated with the Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Elks at Anderson. 

Alpha L. Holaday, real estate and in- 
surance in the Johnson Building at Mun- 
cie, is one of the younger men of affairs 
whose substantial work and broadening 
energies give promise and assurance of a 
career of most substantial effectiveness. 

Mr. Holaday was bom on his father's 
farm in Delaware County, Indiana, Febru- 
ary 19, 1893, a son of Otto and Maggie 
(McCormick) Holaday. At least three 
generations of the family have lived in 
Indiana. His grandfather, David Hola- 
day, who died in Henry County in 1877, 
was a highly-respected citizen and farmer 
near Newcastle, was a republican in poli- 
tics, and was one of the early temperance 
men of that section. 

Otto Holaday who was bom in Henry 
County, September 7, 1873, was only four 
years old when his father died, and in 1884 
removed with his widowed mother to Ham- 
ilton Township in Delaware County, where 
he g^w to manhood. He had a common 
school education and at the age of nine- 
teen married Maggie McCormick. After 
their marriage he continued to look after 
the interests of the home farm until he 
was of age, and later inherited a portion 
of his mother's land, and has been one of 
the good, substantial general farmers in 
this community ever since. Outside of 
home and farm his big interest in life is 
his church. He has been an active mem- 
ber of the Garrard Christian Church ever 
since it was organized, and his faithful at- 
tendance, liberal support, and participa- 
tion in every department has bcin a sus- 
taining factor in the growth and develop- 
ment of that organization. He is a regn- 
lar attendant at Sabbath school work and 
weekly prayer meetings and also the Sun- 
day school. Politically he is a republican 
and, like his father, has been a zealous ad- 
vo<*atc of the temperance cause. 

Alpha L. Holaday, second in a family 
of four children, all of whom are living, 
is a graduate of the Hamilton Township 
common schools, of the Gkiston High 



1348 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



member of the Doyle family to come to 
Grant County, Indiana, was Michael 
Doyle, who located in Van Buren Town- 
ship in June, 1838. His younger brother, 
Samuel Doyle, followed him to Indiana 
in 1840, and acquired a tract of compara- 
tively raw land in Van Buren Township. 
Beginning with a quarter section, his en- 
erfO' enabled him to accumulate 600 acres, 
which he subsec|uently divided among his 
children. He did much to promote the 
breeding and raising of first-class live- 
.st(H»k in the county, and during the war 
sold many horses to the government. He 
was also a county official. He died in 
Grant County. Septcml>or 4, 1870. He and 
his wife had four children, Mary Ann 
Lease, Thomas B., William and Michael. 

William Doyle was Iwrn in Van Buren 
Township, March 15, 1847, and that lo- 
cality has be<»n his home for over seventy 
years. His early e<lucation was acquired 
in District No. 8, near his home. At the 
age of twenty-one his father gave him a 
share of the crops and he was identified 
with the management of the home farm 
until his father s death. He and his 
brother, Michael, then bought the interests 
of some of the other heirs, and were joint 
owners of 320 acres for five years. Wil- 
liam Doyle then took his individual share 
of the property, and gradually increased 
his hohlings until he had. 280 acres, con- 
stituting a farm which has few e<|uals in 
Grant County. No matter what the season 
Mr. Doyle always has some crops, whether 
grain, fruit or livesto<'k. He has been one 
of the successful orchanlists of Grant 
County for a numl)er of years, though 
fruit irrowing is always sul>ordinate to the 
larBrer operations of field crops and stock. 

Besides the high-rlass building and gen- 
♦•ral equipment found on his farm. Mr. 
Doyle owns a modern town home in the 
Village of Van Buren, where he has re- 
sided since VMX). Since 1913 he has b<»en 
vice president of the Farmers Trust Com- 
pany of Van Buren. 

Van Bun»n Township takes a great deal 
of pride in its splendid sehool system, the 
<'<»ntral feature of which is the township 
hijrh s«-hcM>l. one of the finest buildings in 
a rural coinnuinity in Northern Indiana. 
It wjts erect e<l some years ago at a cost of 
jk-VMnK). and now. of course, could hardly 
1h» duplirateil for twire that amount. This 
s4'h<H>| is partifularly a monument to the 



official service of Mr. Doyle as township 
trustee. His first term as trustee was from 
1900 to 1904, and in 1908 he was elected 
for a second term and served until 1914. 
It was during his second term that the 
high school building was constructed. Mr. 
Doyle took as much pride and pains in 
insuring the adequacy of this building as 
if it had been a matter of his exclusively 
individual concern. He visited several 
cities and perfected the plans only after 
a long and careful examination of the best 
types of public school architecture in the 
country. Mr. Doyle is also president of 
the Library Association of Van Buren, and 
has done much to promote that worthy 
local institution. He is a democrat, and 
his first public office was township assessor, 
to which he was elected in 1894 and served 
six years. For over thirty years he has 
been identified with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, and is a member of the 
Christian Church. 

In 1870 he married Miss Sarah J. Hayes, 
daughter of William Hayes of Grant Coun- 
ty. Six children were bom to them: 
IMar>% who married Henry C. Ferguson; 
Alfred N., a former member of the State 
Board of Accounts; Adam M., and Deb- 
orah W^eimer, both deceased; Violet Y. 
Easton ; and Lavanner C. 

Fr.\nk B. SiiiELDfi. Few people appre- 
ciate how much importance and sig- 
nificance in industrial affairs are repre- 
sent e<I by Frank B. Shields as the treas- 
urer and managing official in Indianapolis 
of the Napco Corporation and the Inter- 
national Process Company. These corpora- 
tions have as their essential purpose and 
product of manufacture the rather common- 
place commodity of glue. But it is not 
the glue of ordinary commerce, made from 
animal pro<lucts. but a vegetable glue and 
also a waterproof glue. 

Without exaggeration it can be said that 
the development and manufacture of glue 
from vegetable sources marked a big ad- 
vance and comprises a notable event among 
the marvelous improvements brought out 
by American genius. The International 
Process Company were the pioneers in that 
field and their prrnlucts have especial value 
for the many woo<l and veneer making 
industries, some of the greatest of which 
have their home in Indiana. Until the ad- 
vent of the International Process Company 




'^rT^.^iyyi.-^^iiuCtc^ 



/ 




I,KCII-<ir.l) LEVY 



•"■^ 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1355 



passed away. Mr. Levy had been educated 
in public schools at Huntin^n, Indiana, 
and also in the University of Michigan. 
He made a special study of chemistry and 
pharmacy and in 1892 went to Chicago 
where he was engaged in the drug business 
and also in medicine manufacture. When 
his father, Leopold Levy, became state treas- 
urer of Indiana Henry returned to the 
state and occupied a position in his fa- 
ther's office at Indianapolis. 

On leaving the state office he took charge 
of the Capital Rattan Works, then a small 
concern belonging to Stuckey, Mot^land & 
North. It was located where the Wheeler 
Schepler plant is now. Under Mr. Levy's 
able management the business grew and 
prospered, and in 1902 the present site of 
the plant was built and a new, model and 
modern factory was constructed. At the 
beginning the output was ^-carts and 
certain types of reed furniture, but since 
1910 they have manufactured primarily a 
general line of mission furniture, and the 
product now is distributed over a wide 
territory. The late Mr. Levy was an ac- 
tive member of the Baiights of Pythias. 
For the past ten years the secretary of 
the Rattan Company has been Mrs. Henry 
Levy. Her maiden name was Marie C 
Clark, daughter of Thomas P. Clark of 
Galesburg, Illinois. Mr. and Mrs. Levy 
were married February 17, 1907. 

Washington Charles DePauw, capi- 
talist and philanthropist, was bom at 
Salem, Indiana, January 4, 1822. His 
grandfather, Charles DePauw, was a 
Frenchman who came over with Lafayette 
and fought for America in the Revolu- 
tion. He married in Virginia and emi- 
grated to Kentucky, where his son John 
was bom. On arriving at manhood John, 
who held a militia title of general, removed 
to Indiana and located at Salem. He was 
not successful in business, and when he 
died Washington was left, at sixteen years 
of age, on his own resources. 

He was bright and industrious. At nine- 
teen he was employed in the county clerk's 
office, and after becoming of age was 
elected clerk. His natural business ability 
was phenomenal. His investments were 
all advantageous, and by the time of the 
Civil war he was a wealthy man. During 
the war he added largely to his wealth and 
promoted the manufacturing interests of 



New Albany by the establishment of roll- 
ing mills, foundries and plate glass works. 

Mr. DePauw refused to take part in pub- 
lic life, declining the democratic nomina- 
tion for lieutenant-governor in 1872, but 
was a great friend of education and served 
for a number of years as trustee of the 
State University and of Asbury. He 
founded and for years maintained De- 
Pauw College, for girls, at New Albany. 
In 1883 Asbury was in financial stress 
and he came to its relief on condition of 
cooperation by the Methodist Church. 
The gifts of himself and family to the in- 
stitution amounted to about $600,000. 

In gratitude for his aid, and over his 
protest, the name of Asbury was changed 
to DePauw University in 1884, which was 
duly legalized, and the institution entered 
on a new era of prosperity. He did not 
live to see the fruition of his work, as 
death came to him suddenly, on May 6, 
1887. 

Harley Franklin Hardin. Much of the 
same fortitude and courage that enabled 
his pioneer ancestors in Indiana to meet 
and solve the tremendous problems of exist- 
ence involved in life on the frontier have 
been summoned to the aid of Harley P. 
Hardin in his career as a lawyer. ' Mr. 
Hardin has been an active member of the 
bar for seventeen years, And all of his 
practice has been done in Grant County, 
where he is looked upon as one of the lead- 
ers of the bar. 

He was bom near Livonia in Washington 
County, Indiana, June 29, 1876, and rep- 
resents the fourth generation of the Har- 
din family in Indiana. Many generations 
precede him in American residence. The 
first colonist of the Hardin clan came 
from Scotland and established a home in 
North Carolina. That was long before the 
Revolutionary war. His son, Elisha Har- 
din was bom in South Carolina and mi- 
grated from that colony to Tennessee. 
John Hardin, a grandson of the original 
immigrant and great-grandfather of the 
Marion lawyer, was bom at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, June 12, 1799, spent his early 
life in Tennessee, and in 1816 arrived in 
the wilderness of Indiana, which in the 
same year was admitted to the Union. He 
was for many years one of the most influ- 
ential citizens of Washington County. He 
regularly did duty as clerk of public sales 



1356 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



in the eounty, and was called upon to draft 
the greater portion of the deeds and mort- 
gages of that time. These facts indicate 
that he was a man of superior education. 
He did much to found and maintain good 
schools in a time when all education was 
dependent upon local and private enter- 
prise rather than as an integral part of 
the public policy. John Hardin had three 
sons who servcil in the Union army in 
the Civil war, one of them being Capt. 
John J. Hardin, and another met death 
on a battlefield in Kentucky. 

The paternal grandparents of Harley 
F. Hardin were Andrew Jackson and Mary 
A. (Jones) Hardin. l)oth of whom spent 
all their lives in this state. I.saac A. Har- 
din was born in Washington County and 
spent bis active career as a farmer there 
until his death in 1SI>6, at the age of forty- 
four. Isiuu* A. Hardin married Susan F. 
Tbomerson, who surviveil her husband. 
She WHS a daughter of Isaac and Caroline 
(Patton) Thoim»rs(m. and William Thomer- 
s<m. grandfather of Isaac, was a native of 
Ireland. Isaac A. Hardin and wife had 
four children: Harley F. ; Eva L., who 
marrie<l Kinmerson H. Hall; Edgar K. ; 
and Hel>er C. 

Harley Franklin Hardin has always been 
grateful that his early life was spent in 
the environment of an Indiana farm. He 
remcriibers ple&santly his boyhcnxl days on 
the farm, and he also made the best use of 
tbr advantages of the public schools. From 
liigh sch<M»l he entered the Cniversity of 
Indiana in January. 1SJ)H, but l)efore com- 
pleting liis literary course entered the law 
flepartinent. from which he was graduated 
LL. H. in l!M)l. Ill the same year he was 
atlmitteil to the bar in Urant (*ounty. and 
was also ailinitted to practice l>efore the 
Supreme Court anti the Cnited States Dis- 
trict Court. Mr. Hardin bejran practice at 
Mathews in (Jraiit (*ounty Autrust 1, lIMll. 
two years later rin»ved t«» Fairniount, and 
in May. lIM),s, established his home and 
practice at Marion. He has hail a genenms 
share of the legal busin«*ss of that city, and 
has made bis professional interests first 
and foremost, though he has not neglei^tetl 
his duties as a go<Ml citizen. He is a re- 
publican voter, is afliliate<l with the Masonic 
Order, the Inilependent Order of Odd Fel- 
b»ws, Knisrhts of Pythias, and Benevolent 
Cn»w of Neptune. He and his wife are 



members of the Christian Church of Ma- 
rion. 

September 15, 1901, he married Miss 
Mary Emeline Burgess who was bom and 
reared in Washington County, daughter 
of Henry Burgess. Mrs. Hardin gradu- 
ated from the Orleans High School in 
1901. They are the parents of five chil- 
dren, named Belva Lorraine, Esther Ma- 
linda, Forrest Franklin, Frances Elzora 
and Carl Ilenrj- Hardin. 

Robert A. Morris is cashier of the Fair- 
mount State Bank, of which his brother, 
William F. Morris, is president. The Fair- 
mount State Bank was established in 1902, 
with a capital stock of twenty-five thou- 
sand dollars, and ia one of a number of 
financial institutions that have been pro- 
moted and founded by members of the 
M(»rris family, long prominent in Wayne, 
Grant and Madisim counties. 

The Morris family w:as established in the 
Carolinas before the Revolutionary war. 
They were originally of the Ilicksite 
Quakers and of Welsh ancestry. The found- 
er of this particular branch of the family 
in Indiana was Aaron Morris, who was 
l)orn in North Carolina September 6, 1776. 
July 19, 1798, he married Lvdia Davis. 
They lived in North Carolina^ntil 1815, 
when they came to Indiana Territory, being 
six weeks in making the journey by wagon. 
In 1821 Aaron Morris }>ought his first 
land, adjoining the twelve-mile purchase, 
and in 1822 moved his family to it. This 
land was in Wayne County, and he lived 
there until his <ieath Septeml)er 20, 1845. 
He was a miller by trade and had one of 
the first mills in Wayne (*ounty. 

One of his children was George Morris, 
grandfather <»f the Fairniount banker. He 
was lK»rn in North Carolina and was a 
child when the family came to In<liana. 
He was a merchant and also a fanner at 
Richmond, and in that city he married 
Rho<la Frampton. She was a meml)er of 
an old MarylamI family of Friends. George 
Morris died at Richmond at the early age 
of thirty-six and his widow surviveij him 
to the age of ninety. 

Aaron Morris, father of Rol>ert A., was 
Iwrn near Richmond, November 21, 1834. 
He die<l February 15, 1907, his being the 
first death among five chiMren. He learned 
the traile of wagon maker in his youth, 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1367 



and in 1865 became identified with the 
Hoosier Drill Company of Richmond, and 
was manager and director of that institu- 
tion until 1876. Later he was interested 
in the manufacture of reapers and mowers, 
but in 1888 removed to Pendleton in Madi- 
son County, and founded the Pendleton 
Hanking Company. He was president of 
that insfitution for a number of years, and 
after his death it was continued with hLs 
son William F. as manager. In 1902 Aaron 
Morris extended his interests to Fairmount, 
Indiana, and established the Fairmount 
State Bank. Thus for nearly twenty years 
before his death he was widely known as 
a banker over the eastern counties of the 
state. lie was a lifelong Quaker and a 
stanch republican, though never a candi- 
date for office. In 1865 he married Miss 
Martha Thomas, who was l>orn and educat- 
ed in Madison County, daughter of Louis 
andPriscilla (Moore) Thomas. Her parents 
were natives of Pennsylvania and were 
early settlers in Madison County. They 
were fanning people and active members 
of the Friends church. Aaron Morris was 
survived by his widow and four children: 
William F., president of the State Bank 
of Fairmount ; Luella, wife of Elwood Bur- 
chell, a nut and bolt manufacturer ; Robert 
A., and Elizabeth, wife of Frederick Lantz. 
Mr. Robert A. Morris was bom near 
Richmond in Wayne County May 16, 1877. 
He attended the public schools of his native 
city and Earlham College, and gained his 
first experience in banking with his father 
at Pendleton. He was connected with the 
Pendleton Bank from 1895 until 1902, then 
took active charge of the Fairmount State 
Bank at the time of its organization. He 
is president of the Pendleton Banking Com- 
pany, Pendleton, Indiana, and cashier of 
the Fainnount State Hank, Fairmount, 
Indiana. He is also president of the Indi- 
ana Hankers Association, being elected to 
that position at Indianapolis in September, 
1918. Mr. Morris is a republican and a 
meml>er of the Quaker church. In 1908 he 
marri»»<i at FairrTiount Miss Artie Suman. 
Her family lived for many years at Fair- 
mount, when* she was l>orn. Mr. and Mrs. 
.Morris have one si^n, William S., horn 
January 2. 19l:j. 

Mkadk S. Hav.< has l>een a snecessful 

niemlM-r of the Marion bar since 190^J, and 

has l>t»en in practice in his native state 
voi. ni— It 



for over twenty years. He handles a gen- 
eral law practice, and has been retained 
as an attorney on one side or another with 
some of the most important litigation in the 
local and state courts. His offices are in 
the Marion Block at Marion. 

Mr. Hays was bom in White County, 
Indiana, July 1, 1866, youngest child of 
Cormacan and Harriet (Bowen) Hays. 
His father was born in Ross County, Ohio, 
in 1818, and went to Lafavette, Indiana, in 
1831. He married in 1847 Harriet F. 
Bowen, who was born in Pike County, 
Ohio, in 1827. Cormacan Hays was for a 
number of years a farmer and extensive 
dealer in cattle in WTiite County, but died 
at Lafayette in 1886. His widow is also 
deceased. 

Meade S. Hays completed one stage of 
his education in the Brookston Academy 
at the age of fourteen, and subsequently 
was a student for three years in Purdue 
University. Among early experiences he 
did work in the count v auditor's office at 
Lafayette, was al.so with an insurance com- 
pany at Springfield, Illinois, as secretary, 
and for three years lived on the Pacific 
Coast. At one time he was correspondent 
of a San Francisco daily paper. Return- 
ing to Indiana in 1893 after visiting the 
World's Fair at Chicago, he devoted him- 
self to the study of law at Fowler, and 
was admitted to the bar in the spring of 
1896. He at once began practice in Fowler, 
and in the same year was democratic can- 
didate for prosecuting attorney. He con- 
tinued practice at Fowler until he removed 
to Marion in 1903. 

Mr. Hays has a son and daughter. His 
first wife died September 20, 1914, and 
he married Mrs. Zella Baker on March 
1, 1918. 

Charles Thomas Parker has been as 
successful in business as he has in the law, 
and for a number of years has enjoyed a 
position of recognized leadership in his 
home city of Fairmount. 

Mr. Parker was born at Fairmount Oc- 
tol>er 1. 1864, son of Thomas Jasper and 
Rebecca (Johnson) Parker. The Parkers 
were an old family of southern Grant Coun- 
ty, coming in pioneer times from North 
Carolina and drivinpr across country in 
wapons. Thomas J. Parker was a farmer 
and shoemaker, making shoes when that 
work wa.s almost entirely performed by 



^ 



1358 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



hand and for the custom trade. His later 
years were spent on a farm. 

Charles Thomas Parker was educated in 
the public schools, attended normal school 
at Marion, Adrian College at Adrian, Mich- 
igan, and in 1900 graduated from the law 
department of Valparaiso University. For 
the past eighteen years he has been in 
practice at Fairmount, and for twelve years 
served as Grant County attorney. 

Mr. Parker was one of the principal 
organizers, is a large stockholder and di- 
rector, and former president of the Citi- 
zens Telephone Company, which he also 
serves as attorney. He is attorney for a 
number of corporations and banks, and is 
one of the organizers and is a director of 
the Fairmount Commercial Club. He is 

President of the Hoard of Trustees of the 
'irst Methodist Episcopal Church, is a 
charter member and past chancellor of 
Parajjon Lodge. No. 219, Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons, at Fairmount, and is 
a past noble grand of the Odd Fellows. 

July 27, 1887, Mr. Parker married Miss 
Rosia Cleeland, of Joneslmro, Indiana. 
They have three children: Myron Arthur, 
an expert electrician, Ralph Emerson, a 
student, and Chauncey Thomas, a student 
in the law department of Indiana Uni- 
versity. 

S.iMrCT^ S. Rhodes. With a business 
experience covering a period of half a cen- 
tury, the life and services of Samuel S. 
RhcMles have l>een identified with several of 
the larger cities of the central west. Now 
retired from active affairs, he enjoys the 
honor and dijniity of one of the older 
busin<*sH men of Indianapolis, and has al- 
ways sustained the ideals and principles 
of Imsiness iiitegritv whether nieasured bv 

• • • 

the old or nuHlcrn standards. 

He was born in Pennsylvania, but moved 
to Ohio in earlv life, antl for a time was 
engajrcd in farminfr near Springfield. Later 
he to<»k the position of overs«M'r of a plan- 
tat i«»n in Missouri. That was about the 
l>ejrinnine of the Civil war, and owinjr to 
the unsf^ttN^d conditions <»f the countrv he 
returned to Ohio. In that state he offered 
his services in the defense of the Tnion. 
He served one term of enlistment and vol- 
initeered for a M»cond term, and hatl a 
creilitable ])an in the jrreat trafre<ly of war 
until pea«e was declar«Ml. when he was 
honorably dis4*harped. For a time he wa*^ 



a prisoner in the notorious Libby prison 
at Richmond. 

After the war Mr. Rhodes engaged in 
the retail hardware business at Galesburg, 
Illinois. While a resident of that city he 
married Miss Mary Conklin, and was asso- 
ciated with Col. T. T. Snell and others 
in the building of the old Lake Erie and 
Western Railroad, with headquarters at 
Tipton, Indiana. Just after the great fire 
in Chicago in 1871 he moved to that city, 
and in association with others was engaged 
in the wholesale hardware trade on State 
Street in what is now the loop district. 

Mr. Rhodes came to Indianapolis in 1873. 
For several years he had a retail hardware 
store on the site of the present Grand 
Hotel. Later he opened another store at 
Martinsville. Indiana, and while giving 
that some of his attention he also traveled 
extensively, representing the Oliver Chilled 
Plow Company of South Bend. He then 
resumed his active connections with Indi- 
anapolis a^ a hardware merchant, and by 
progressive efforts built up large and im- 
portant connections with the hardware 
trade and amassed a comfortable fortune. 
When he retired from active affairs he 
was sueceetled by his son, who still con- 
tinues the business founded so many years 
ago. 

Clarence R. Rhodes, only son of his 
parents, was bom at Clinton, Illinois, in 
1873 but was reared and educated in Indi- 
anapolis. He had a thorough business 
training under the eye of his father and in 
1895 was made a partner in the business. 
He is now its sole owner. Clarence R. 
Rho<les married Miss Gertrude L. Henry. 
They have one daughter, Mary Adelaide. 

CiiARLFjs A. Wood has for many years 
been identified with the lumber business at 
Muncie which was established bv his father, 
and is now active head of the Kirby-Wood 
Lumber Company. 

He was lK»ni in Randolph County, Indi- 
ana. ()ctol»er 25, 1870, son of Julius C. and 
Clara (Morgan) Wood. His father, who 
was !»orn in Wayne County. Indiana, in 
1846. was a carpenter and farmer in his 
native comity. He was a l>oy when the 
war broke out and in 1863 at the age of 
seventeen, enlisted in Company I of the 
r24th Indiana Infantry' and saw active 
s<»rvice to the end. His regiment was with 
Sherman at Atlanta, and also on the march 




^^^^6e4^ 



r: 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1361 



Olathe on the republican ticket, and con- 
tinued in office until he removed to Denver 
in 1886, in which city he became an assist- 
ant in the law office of United States Sen- 
ator Edward (). Wolcott. Mr. Hudson re- 
mained in that connection for six years and 
then retired in order to open an office of his 
own. In the meanwhile he had become 
active in politiccs at Denver and became 
county attorney of Denver County, his 
jurisdiction extending over the City or 
Denver as well as the county, and in 1908 
he was appointed probate judjre of the 
city and county and served one year on the 
probate liench. He resumed private prac- 
tice after his judicial term expired and 
became one of the leaders of the Denver 
bar. 

The l^aurel Motors Corporation, with 
which Mr. Hudson is so prominently identi- 
fie<l, was founded at Anderson in 1917. 
The plant, an extensive one, has recently 
been enlarged through the erection of an- 
other factory and its future looks very en- 
couraging. Mr. Hudson has been secretary 
and treasurer of the corporation since Oc- 
tober, 1917. 

Mr. Hudson was married in 1912 to 
Miss Lura Moore, who is a daughter of 
Henry Moore, a prominent citizen of JefTer- 
8on City, Missouri. They have one daugh- 
ter, Katharyn, who was bom in December, 
19i:j. Mr. Hudson is a member of the 
Christian Science Church. Outside of his old 
college fraternities he belong to no secret 
organizations. While not active in politics 
at present, he still is a staunch republican, 
but far beyond any partisan tie he is a 
loyal and patriotic citizen, and is one who 
has found a ready welcome in Anderson's 
business, professional and social circles. He 
still maintains a beautiful summer home 
at Denver, amid old and familiar surround- 
ings and where his personal friends are 
many, but his citizenship now belongs to 
Anderson. 

C11ARI.E8 A. Bates, a resident of Indian- 
apolis since infancy, is a young man still 
under forty, but has attained those posi- 
tions which are undeniably associated with 
real achievement and success in commercial 
affairs. 

He was born at Logansport, Indiana, 
April 22, 1879. His paternal grandpar- 
ents were natives of England. His fatlier, 
William Bates, was bom in New York 



State, left home when a boy and sought 
fortune and adventure in the Middle West. 
When the war broke out between the 
North and South he enlisted in Company 
B of the Thirteenth Indiana Volunteer In- 
fantry, and scrvetl until honorably dis- 
charged at the conclusion of his term of 
enlistment. This company had a notable 
record of fighting on some of the most fa- 
miliar battle grounds of the war. He was 
at Rich Mountain, West Virginia, Cheat 
.Mountiiiii Pass, Greenbrier, Winchester 
Heights, and the Thirteenth was the first 
regiment to enter the fort during the at- 
tack on Fort Wagner. It was also in ac- 
tion at Cold Harl>or, Bermuda Hundred, 
IVtcrsburg. Strawberry Plain, and in 
many other engagements. While William 
Bates returned home after the war and 
put in a numl)er of years of useful serv- 
ice, his death was eventually due to hard- 
ships and rigors of military- life. On re- 
turning in Indiana he went into railroad 
work and rose to the position of conductor. 

He was thus crnplovcd hv lioth the Penn- 

I . . 

sylvania and the Big Four Railways. He 
moved to Indianapolis in 18S1 and died in 
this rity, February 11, 1888, at the age 
of forty-six. William Bates married Katie 
Svcrs in 1877. Of their four children the 
only one now living is Charles A. 

Charles A. Bates was educated in the 
Indianapolis public schools, and at the age 
of eighteen graduated from the old In- 
dustrial Manual Training School. He was 
practically earning his own way while at 
his books. His first real business experi- 
ence was as a newspaper carrier, distribut- 
ing the News in the evening and the Jour- 
nal and Sentinel in the morning. He is 
one of the old-time newsboys of Indianapo* 
lis who have since achievecl the best honors 
of business life. He was a newsboy seven 
years. His next work was with the 0. and 
J. Tire Company (now the Indianapolis 
Rubber Company) and later went into the 
local offices of the Standard Oil Company. 
He was with the Standard Oil seven vears 
and rose from office boy to head of the 
stock department. Leaving that for in- 
dependent business activities, he became 
associated with an uncle in the laundry 
business and later for a time conducted 
a laundry of his own. Selling out. about 
a year later he became secretary and treas- 
urer of the Duckwall Belting & Hom 
Company, a large Indianapolis eorporm- 



1362 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



lion with which he is still identified. Since 
lini he has also been secretary and treas- 
urer of the Zenite Metal Company. The 
Zenite Metal Company has in recent 
months become a very important indus- 
try' of Indianapolis and is filling some big 
war orders for munitions. Mr. Bates has 
been assm^iated with other allied organiza- 
tions originated by Mr. Duckwall, who was 
founder of the Duck wall Belting & Hose 
(,'ompany and the Zenite Metal Company 
and other local concerns. 

Mr. Bates is a Protestant in religion and 
a democrat in politics. Fraternally he has 
attained the thirty-second dogrree in Scot- 
tish Kite Masonry, and is also a member 
of Murat Temple of the Mystic Shrine. 
lie married February 16, 191S, Miss Edna 
May liakin. 

Ei)W.\Ri) W. Brins has been identitied 
with merchandising in Indianapolis for a 
numlH»r of years, aiul is especially promi- 
nent among the groi*ers of the city l>oth 
as an individual merchant, proprietor of 
a high-class establishment at 1501 Hoyt 
Avenue, and also as a Irailer in the loi*al 
grocers association. Mr. Bruns was born 
at Sunman, Ripley County. Indiana. Oc- 
tober 1, 1878, oldest son in the family of 
eight children lM)rn to Ilennan and Re- 
becca (Kammeycr) Bruns. Ilis father 
was a child when the grandparents left 
Bremen. (Scrmany. and came to the Tnited 
States. He grew to manhoo<l in Ripley 
County, Indiana, and as a mere youth en- 
listed in Company (J of the Eiglity-Third 
Indiana Infantry for S€»rvire in the Civil 
wnr. He gave a splendid a<*rount of him- 
S4»lf as a privati* soldier. an«l was with the 
armies of the Cnion until the reln^llion was 
put down and peace <le<'lared, lie was 
in tlic Virksburg carnf)ai<ni and in the fa- 
mous nuirch from Atlanta to the sea. 
After the war he t<M»k up farming in Rip- 
lev (*ountv, Indiana, and he lived a life 
of industrv and honor in that «*oTninunitv 
until his death, on June 2n. IfMT. at the 
age of seventy -six. His wife was lK>rn in 
America and dit<l at the aire of sixty-seven 
in 1912. Tliey wer»» mernb'Ts of the Chris- 
tian T'^nion Chureh at Sunman. Herman 
Bruns was at'tive in tht* (irand Armv of 

« 

tht» R»»publie and in earlier years *{upp«»rte<l 
the detnocratie partv and tinallv became 
a rejiublifan. 

Edwanl W. Bruns irrew up at his fath- 



er's home in Ripley County and attended 
school at Sunman. At the age of sixteen 
he left school to help his father on the 
farm. He also gained a good knowledge 
of business as an employe of his brother- 
in-law, a butcher and merchant, and at 
the age of twenty-one took service with 
a general merchant at Weisberg, Indiana. 
Three years later he returned to Sunman 
and in 1900 came to Indianapolis and 
formed a partnership with Charles Stein- 
fort. For seven years they were in the 
grocery- business at Shelby Street and 
Fleteher Avenue, and then Mr. Bruns 
bought out his partner and became sole 
proprietor and has since conducted a flour- 
isliing enterprise at his present location. 
In 1907 Mr. Bruns married Ida Stein- 
fort. They are members of the Edmond 
Ray Methodist Church, and Mr. Bruns is 
one of the trustees. In a business way he 
is a director in the Sanitary Milk Products 
( ompany and in the International Grocers 
Company. Politically he votes as an inde- 
pendent. 

Cii.\iu.Es H. Stuckmeyer has been a 
resident of Indianapolis sixty-seven years. 
These have been years fruitful in the ma- 
terial rewards that accompany honest and 
upright endeavor and have also brought 
him substantial position in community es- 
teem. 

Mr. Stuckmeyer was born in Cincinnati, 
Ohio. August 10, 1850, and a few weeks 
after his birth his parents, John Henrj' 
and .Mary Elizabeth (Xordman) Stuck- 
meyer. moved to Indianapolis, so that in 
all essential particulars he has been a life- 
long resident of this city. John Henrj' 
Stuckmeyer was born in the Kingdom of 
Hanover, (icrmany, of verv' poor but in- 
dustrious parents. To add to the diffi- 
culties of his early childhood his father 
die<l when the S4m was small and the wid- 
oweil m(»ther was left with the care and 
superintendence of a considerable family. 
When John IIenr>' was almut twelve years 
of a«ri» she brought her household to the 
Cnited States and settle<l in Cincinnati, 
where after finishing his e<1ueation in the 
parochial si-hcNils he went to work as a 
cabinet maker. He developed great pro- 
tiiien<-y at that tra<le. and it was as a cabi- 
net maker and carpenter that he develope<l 
a business which enabled him to provide 
for his family. In September, 1850. he 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1363 



brou{^ht his family to Indianapolis, and 
here he paid $250 for a lot at the comer 
of Alabama and Maryland streets, on 
which the family had their first home. 
This lot is now occupied by the county 
jail. About the be^nnning of the Civil 
war he sold this property and bought some 
lots on Virginia Avenue, between Cedar 
and Nor\i-ood streets, and there put up a 
home and also a business building. A few 
years before his death the family moved 
to 810 Huohanan Street. For a long pe- 
rio4l of years John Henry Stuekmeyer was 
a rarpenter and contractor and built many 
of the better homes of the city and also 
taught and trained three of his sons to be- 
come expert house builders. The wife of 
John Henr}' Stuekmeyer was a small child 
when her parents came from Germany 
and located in Cincinnati, and a number 
of her relatives in the Nordman family 
afterward settletl in and around Jones- 
ville, Indiana. John H. Stuekmeyer and 
wife were members of the Lutheran 
( hurch and in politics he was a demo- 
crat. They had six children: John H., 
who died at the age of thirty-five; August 
G.. who (lied in 1913; William II., a 
farmer living at Moulton, Alabama; Ed- 
ward and Mrs. William Sirp, both resi- 
dents of Indianapolis; and Charles II. 

Charles H. Stuekmeyer was reared and 
edurated in Indiana{><)lis, attending both 
paroi'hial and public s(*h(H)ls. As a boy 
he gained a thorough knowledge of the 
<'arpenter's trade in his father's shop, and 
followed that voi»ation almost entirely until 
he was alxnit nineteen, when he went to 
St. Ix)uis, Missouri, and found employ- 
ment as clerk in a gr<x*ery store. Eighteen 
months later he returneii to Indianapolis 
and with his brother August formeil a 
partnership and embarked in the butcher 
business at McCarty Street and Virginia 
Avenue. This firm did a flouri.shing trade 
thrre for many years and gradually their 
enterprise develo|M»d into a small chain of 
stores, including one at Georgia and Noble 
stnvts ami another at Pine and English 
stn*cts. The basis of their sucress as mer- 
chants was due to hard work, (H>rdial treat- 
riH»nt of their <*ust<)niers. and fair and prac- 
tiral dcalin{?s throughout. 

In l!H)2 Mr. Sturknicycr, jissix'iateil with 
hi*i Min-inlaw. Fred A. Behrent, engajre<l 
in tin* f'oal hnsinens at liCxington Avenue 
and tht» Hig F'our tracks. Among various 



other interests which he now controls he is 
vice president of the Fountain Square 
Kank. 

He has always been interested in the 
success of the demo<*ratic party and served 
two terms as a member of the city council, 
and during the Taggart administration 
was city clerk of Indianapolis two terms. 
He and his family are members of St. 
PauPs Evangelical Lutheran Chun*h, and 
Mr. Stuekmeyer has always been devoted 
to the interests of his family and his home. 

Octol)er 26, 1871, he married Mary E. 
Enners, daughter of Philip and Wilhel- 
mina Enners. She was bom on Massachu- 
setts Avenue in Indianapolis. Harry, sec- 
ond child of their marriage, died in 
childhood; Clara is the wife ojf Fred A. 
Hehrent, a native of Indianapolis and now 
associated with Mr. Stuekmeyer in the coal 
business; All)ert is a resident of Indianapo- 
lis; Dr. W. E. Stuekmeyer, of Indianapo- 
lis; and Arthur G., who is employed in the 
coal business. 

W1LLIA.M N.\CKENiiuR«T is president of 
the Fountain S<|uare State Hank of In- 
dianapolis. This institution was organ- 
ized in Marrh, P.M)8, and its doors opened 
for husinoss July 8th of that year. George 
G. Robinson was the first president, and 
Mr. W^hite the first cashier. The bank 
l>egan with a capital of $25,000, all 
paid up, and the capital has remained 
fixeil at that figtire, though now a surplus 
of $25,000 has l)een accumulated, and the 
institution has steadily grown in patron- 
age and service and its deposits now ag- 
gregate al)Out $500,000. In 1910 Mr. Rob- 
inson was succeeded as president by Wil- 
liam Nackcnhorst, and the present cashier 
is II. J. Rudens. 

All his adult life Mr. W^illiam Nacken- 
horst has spent in the Fountain Square 
se<*tion of Indianapoli.s. His has been a 
busy and successful career, and as presi- 
dent of the bank he enjoys a high place 
in the financial community of Indianapo- 
lis. 

His father was John Frederick Nacken- 
horst. who was l)orn at Osnabrucck. Ger- 
many. August 2. 1H27. While a youth he 
S4»rve<l three years in the (German army. 
In 1H50 hv eniijrrnte<l to America, landing 
in New York City, and from there went 
to l*itts}»urjr, where he found employ nt 
in a I(H*al gas plant. While in Pi g 



1364 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



he married IJzzie Otte. In 1873 John F. 
Nackenhorst came to Indianapolis and 
si>ent his active years in lalwr. He was 
an honest, industrious, thrifty citizen and 
reared his children to lives of usefulness 
und honor, |?ivin^ them all the education 
within his means and leaving a name to 
he respected by them and l)y all who knew 
hitn durinjr his lifetime. He was a mem- 
ber (»f the Lutheran Church and in poli- 
tics a republican. He died in Octol)er, 
liUl. and his wife in FVbruary. 1901. 
Their three children were: John Fred- 
erick; Mary, Mrs. Valentine Schneider, 
an<] Williaiii. 

.Mr. Williain Nackenhorst was born at 
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, March *J, 1S63, 
bc^an his education in tliat city, and from 
the a^re of ten attended the public schools 
of Indianapolis. Wlien a boy he found 
employment as clerk in a j^rocery store, 
an<l for eleven years applied himself 
steadily to his duties, to learning the busi- 
ness, and to providing his own support. 
F^inally he had the modest capital which 
enabled him to enjrajre in the jrro<*ery busi- 
n<*ss himself, and for manv vears he con- 
<luct<Nl the leading store of that kind in 
the FNunitain Square neijrhlH)rh<MKl. Since 
IJMl he has been in the retail coal busi- 
ness, and is president of the William 
Nackeidiorst Coal and (\>ke Company. 
He t(K>k stock in the F\mntain S<juare 
State Hank when it was organized, and 
gradually assumed closer connections with 
the institution until he was elected its 
president in VM<K 

Mr. Nackenhorst is a demo<Tat in i)oli- 
tii's. is a Royal Arch Mason, has served as 
jury c(»mmissioner, but otherwise has never 
wanteil nor has he been willing to accept 
political office. In 11H):1 he marrie<l Tre<Ie 
Le<mard, of Wabash. Indiana. Their one 
tlaughter is Helen Nackenhorst. 

Tiu:iMNiRK Wkinshank is senior meml>er 
of Weinshank & FVnstermaker, met*haniciil, 
heating aiul ventilating engineers, with of- 
fices in thf* IIume-.Mansur Building at In- 
dianapolis. I^>nir years of s«»rvice and ex- 
perience have brought Mr. Weinshank an 
enviabl«> reputation in engineering circles, 
particidarly as an authority on subjects 
connccttNi with heating and ventilating. 

Asiile from his prominence in his profes- 
sion his career has been of more than or- 
<linary interest beeause of his experience 



and achievements in promoting himself in 
the face of many difficulties. A more thor- 
ough American it would be difficult to find. 
He was born and reared in Rm^sia, and 
from the standpoint of his early life he 
probably appreciates more of the real spirit 
of American democracy than many native 
born. He was born in the City of Bo- 
bruisk, Province of Minsk, RiLssia, August 
15, 1865. His birth occurred at an inter- 
esting time in Russian history. Several 
days previously the Czar Alexander H had 
ended a revolutionary struggle in Russia 
and had al)olished serfdom or slavery 
throughout the empire. 

.Mr. Weinshank is a son of Benedict and 
Liebe Weinshank. Both parents were of 
Holland ancestry. Their great-grandpar- 
eni« had movini from Holland to Russia 
al)out 1750. The name Weinshank as orig- 
inally spelled in Holland was Vonshank, 
but as the result of changes which fre- 
quently occurred in the pronunciation and 
spelling of names the present form was 
ac(|uired. 

At an early age Theodore Weinshank 's 
studies were directed toward a career in the 
ministry. He had considerable technical 
e<Iucation in religious subjects. At the age 
of fourteen he was entered at the Gymna- 
sium, where his chief subjects were in med- 
icine. 

All his own plans and those of his par- 
ents were changed by a great national 
event in 1882, the assassination of Czar Al- 
exander II. Mr. Weinshank was then sev- 
enteen years of age. There soon followed 
the persecution of everj'one connected with 
any school or university, and on the advice 
of his parents Theodore left for America. 
He arrived in New York in April, 1882. 
Almost his first experience was being 
fleeced of all his money -by bunko men. 
This put him on his own resources, and 
there were many hard experiences during 
the years following before he became es- 
tablished in his profession. 

With a number of Russian immigrants 
he left for South Dakota, then part of the 
Territory of Dakota. After attaining his 
majority he took up a homestead and tried 
farming there for five years. The hard- 
ships of life on the frontier and the Da- 
kotas have been frequently described. Mr. 
Weinshank hardly missed any of thew 
hardships. One time he had a piece of land 
where water could not be obtained. There 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1365 



occurretl three successive failures of crops 
on account of hailstorms. While he lost 
none of the real courap^e and determina- 
tion of life by these circumstances, he did 
l>econn» convinred that his fortune was not 
to Ik* made in the West, and therefore 
sought means of returning east to finish 
his e<hn'ation. 

While in Dakota Mr. Weinshank marrie<l 
his step-niece. Sophia Shapiro, or as she 
was then called S(»phia Weinshank, l>einjr 
the step-dauj?htcr of his older brother. Mr. 
Wcin.shank was not able to realize enouph 
from his experiences in the Dakotas to re- 
turn east and therefore worke<l in the 
northern pineries of Wis4N)nsin as a lumber 
jack, for a time in a coal mine at Fort 
D<Ml>fe, Iowa, and eventually reached Chi- 
<*a|ro. There he went to work as a con- 
ductor on a strei»t rar. Durinj? the follow- 
ing eighteen months he saved enouj?h from 
his earninp; to study eveninffs and pass 
the examination for admission to the t^ni- 
versity of Illinois in 1892. He was not 
only a man of experience but a man of 
family when ho entered the university, 
having two children, Anna, then two years 
old, and Will, a^ed six months. Enterinpr 
the University of Illinois with limited 
funds, Mr. Weinshank worked his way 
through by many shifts and e<*onomies. 
Friday nights he substituted the fireman 
at the water works. All day Saturday he 
was employed at upholstering in a furni- 
ture store. Saturday night he hauled ice 
from cans at the ice plant. Sunday was 
then devoted to study and sleep. This 
work, together with what he manair<Hl to 
save during the summer by working at 
steam-fitting, enabled him to craduate from 
the university in 1896 with the degree 
Bachelor of Seience in Mechanical Kngi- 
neering. While writing his thesis he ob- 
taintnl some data on heating which had nor 
been previously publisheil, and this re- 
search enable<l him to pro<'ure a position 
the day after he graduated and helped 
build the foundation for his later success. 

In the twenty years since then Mr. Wein- 
shank *s reputation has steadily grown, and 
during his many years at Indianapolis he 
has rankwl first and foremost in all the 
technical problems involved in heating, 
ventilation and air conditioning. His pro- 
femional work as con.sultinff engineer on 
these subjects has callcfl him into many 
itatet. Earlv in his career as a mechani- 



cal engineer he paid special attention to 
the ventilation of public buildings. lie 
read a number of papers l>efore engineer- 
ing soeietii's on the subject. The papers 
were the foundation for the appointment 
of roiiiiiiittees on research to bring out for- 
cibly the practical methods of cooling 
buildings in the summer time as well as 
thorough ventilation of theaters and pub- 
lic buildings at all times. 

For the past seventeen years .Mr. Wein- 
sliank has paid spcM*ial attention to the 
utilization of exhaust steam from engines 
for heating purposes. The installations 
that have l»een made under his sup^^rvision 
a?id from his plans have been invariably 
successful. 

As this lirief record iiidiratcs Mr. Wein- 
shank is thoroughly a man of the people, 
a dcrn<M'rat in the essential meaning of 
that term. In fact it was the root meaning 
of the word deiucxTat that resulted in his 
first formal partisiin atliliations in politics 
iu America. He east his first vote in 1892 
for (IrovcT Tleveland for i>resident. In 
those years he was not familiar with Amer- 
ican politics. He knew no difference be- 
tween the republican and demo<Tatic par- 
ties, and made his choice of one of them 
from the origin of the two words. Demo- 
crat is made uj> of the <Jreek word ** De- 
mos'' meanincr people, and **rrates" mean- 
ing rule. The word republican on the 
other hand is a Latin combination, **Re8" 
mcaninj? business, and **publicus" mean- 
ing public. His sympathy with any gov- 
ernment that seeme<l to \\e based on the 
rule of the people caused his choice of party 
affiliations. In later years, however, he 
studied and learned the <lifferences in po- 
litical principles and practices and has vot- 
e<l accordingly. 

Since gra<luation from university Mr. 
Weinshank has }>ecome a member of the 
Ind(»pendent Order of Odd Fellows, the 
Masons, the American Society of Mechani- 
cal Engineers, American Society of Heat- 
ing and Ventilating Engineers, National 
Association of Stationary Engineers, Na- 
tional Distri<*t Heating .\ssociation, the 
Travelers Protective Assoeiation and the 
TnitiMl CommcHMal Travelers. IVi'ing busi- 
ly cngage<l at all times with his profes- 
sional work, he never held an office, prefer- 
ring to remain in the rank and file. He 
has also been a member of the Athenaeum 
of Indianapolis, the Indianapolis Athletic 



1366 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Club, the Chamber of Commerce and the 
Alumni Association of the University of 
Illinois. 

For all this worthy record Mr. Wein- 
shank probably has more pride in his three 
children than any other one fact of his life. 
His oldest daughter, Anna, is now Mrs. S. 
P. Pearson of Chicago, the son William 
Theodore is now in the United States army 
fighting for the principles with which his 
father is ko much in sympathy. The son 
Harry Theodore is in an officers training 
school at Fortress Monroe, Virginia. 

CiiARiiKS Major, author, was born at In- 
dianapolis. July 25, 1856. Ills father. 
Judge Stephen Major, who was Circuit 
judge of the Marion County Circuit at 
the time, was born at (Jranard. County 
Longford, Ireland, Manh 25. 1811. He 
attended the local sch(K>ls at Granard and 
Edge wort hst own and in 1829 emigrated to 
America. He IwatcMl in Shelby County. 
Indiana, read law with Philip Switzer. 
and was admitted to the bar in 1831. He 
was well known as a lawyer and judge in 
Indiana. On April 9. 1840, he married 
Phoelw Oaskill, a woman of superior in- 
tellect, daughter of Dr. George Gaskill. 
She was a native of Dearlwni County, In- 
diana. 

In 1869 Judge Major removed to Shel- 
by vi lie. where Charles completed his com- 
mon school education, graduating in 1872. 
He then attende*! Michigan IJniversity 
until 1875, after which he read law with 
his father. He was admitted to the bar 
in 1877. was a i)artner of H. S. Downey, 
1881-4: eUn-teil citv clerk of Shelbvville 
in 1885; elected state rcpresiMitative in 
1886. In 1883 he marriiMl Miss Alire 
Shaw, of Shelby ('(mnty. 

In 1898 Indiana, and simui the whole 
country, was taken by storm by a new 
romance. "When Kniirhthoo<l Was in 
Flower.** over the jiame **Kdwin Casko- 
ilcn,** wlio WH'i siion identified as Charles 
Major. The l«»«»k attra«*ted the attention of 
Julia Marlowe, then at the licieht of her 
popularity. an«l at her s<ilicitation it was 
ilrainati/e.l for licr, ami pres4-nte«l <m tlu* 
stap* with jrrcat su«'ct»»;.s. It was followed 
by other Inwiks of Mr. Major. ** Hears of 
Mine Kivi r.** ' VMM) : •*Dorotbv Vernon of 
Ha.l.lMM Hall.*' ' 1!M)2 : * * A For.-st 
Hearth.'* 1*»<>:P : -'Yolanda. Maid of Hnr- 
•niiidv.*' < l?Hr>. : 'Cnele Tom Andv Bill." 



(1908); **A Gentle Knight of Old Bran- 
denburg," (1909); and **The Little 
King,'' (1910). 

Mr. Major also eontributed to various 
magazines. He died at his home at Shel- 
byville, February 13, 1913. 

Benjamin F. Hethebinqton was one 
of the sterling eharaeters of the older In- 
dianapolis who had mueh to do with the 
present prosperity of the eity. He was 
a man of many strong and lovable charac- 
teristics of mind and heart, and impressed 
his character upon the spirit of the mate- 
rial business prosperity of Indianapolis. 

He was born October 30, 1828, at Car- 
lisle. England, a son of John and Ann 
(Wilson) Hetherington, being the young- 
est of twelve children. His father dying 
when he was twelve years of age, he came 
with his widowed mother to the Unite<l 
States a year later, and his first employ- 
ment was in a cotton factory at Webster, 
Massachusetts. He possessed a natural 
aptitude for mechanics. It was this apti- 
tude, subsecjuently highly developed, 
which made him a successful business 
buibler. 

At nineteen he was apprenticed to the 
machinist's trade. In the early '50s he 
came West, to Cincinnati, and in 1852 to 
Indianapolis. Here he worked several 
years at his trade for Deloss Root and 
Ilassellman & Vinton. For ten years he 
was an employe of the old Indianapolis, 
Cincinnati and Louisville Railroad. 

He left the railroad shops to open in a 
small way a machine shop. This business 
expande(i and prospered and later Fred- 
erick lierner, Sr., of Cincinnati, and 
Joseph Kindel were admitted as partners. 
With the influx of additional capital and 
assistanee new shops were built on South 
Pennsylvania Street, now known as the 
Ewald Over Plant. Six years later Mr. 
Hetherington disposed of his interests and 
for a numljcr of years thereafter was a 
stoekhobler and assistant manager for the 
Sinker & Davis Company. 

He had l>een with this concern about 
two years when he rejoined his former 
partner. Frederick Berner. Sr., and they 
iMiujrht pn»perty and erected a shop on 
South Stn»et over Pogu^'s Run, immedi- 
at«*ly south of the pri»sent Cnion Station. 
This liUsiiHH^s irrt'w nntil it ranke<{ as one 
of the [irincipal industries of Indianapolis. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1367 



With the passing of tinie Frederick A. 
IIetheriii§rton and Frederick Herner, Jr., 
sons of the proprietors, were admitted as 
memlwrs of the firm, now changred to an 
incorporated company, and of these 
Fre<lerick A. Iletherinpton is the only 
survivor at present. Eventually the busi- 
ness outgrew its environment, an<l in 1910 
four acres were purchased at Kentucky 
Avenue and White River, large and com- 
modious buildings were crecteil, and mod- 
em facilitit^ installed. It is now one of the 
large manufacturing houses of Indianapo- 
lis, gives employment to many hands, and 
has capital and surplus of approximately 
$400,000. The original owners are long 
since deceased, but the second and third 
generations of the Iletheringtons and 
Bemers conduct the business founded by 
their forbears at a time when Indianapolis 
was little more than a village. The pres- 
ent officers are: Frederick A. Ilethcring- 
ton, son of Benjamin F.. president ; Lewis 
Bemer, nephew of Frederick Herner, sec- 
retary ; Ro!)ert Hcrjier, vice president ; 
Carl F. Hetherington, son of Frederick A.. 
treasurer and chief mechanical enprineer. 

The above facts are such a.s are often 
found in the historv of a tvpicallv Ameri- 
can business brought up from small be- 
ginnings to success ajid prosperity. . But 
of the personality and character of the 
late Benjamin F. Iletherington miK'h re- 
mains to l>e said. In the l)road accep- 
tance of the term he was not a superior 
business man. His real forte was in me- 
chanics, and in that he was a genius. He 
came to Indianapolis when the town was 
a prospective city rather than an accom- 
plishe<l fact, and was contemporaneous 
with Ha.s.sclman, Sinker. Vajcn and others 
prominent at that period. It is claime<l 
that Mr. Iletherington built and helped 
devise the first machine gun ever con- 
structe<l. This gun was const riK'tcd for 
Doc»tor (tatling. whose name it lias ever 
since borne. Beiijamiii F. H»»thcrinirton 
was a reinarkjiblc c}i;ira«*tcr. ])osscss<m1 
many admirable (jualitics that en«leared 
him to his friends, and h]< im]>re-;s for 
gootl is indcli]>ly Irft on the fare of In- 
dianaiKtlis history. 

At W«'l»st«T. MasNa«-hn^ctts. he married 
Miss Jane Stephen, daipj-htrr i}f William 
and Diana Stephen, ot' tlw six ••}iililr»»n 
lM»rn to tlieir union but nn,. j*; vtiH Ijvintr. 

Fre4lerick A. IIrth»*rini:^on was born 



OctolK'r 1, 1859, at Indianapolis, and was 
educate<l in the public schools. At an 
early age he began working in his father's 
shop and by self-applic*ation learned engi- 
neering. He undoubtedly inherited some 
of his mei*hanical genius from his father. 
For some ten years he was superintendent 
of the Campbell Printing Press and Manu- 
facturing (.'ompany of New York City. 
At the solicitation of his father he re- 
turned to his native city in time to in- 
corporate and reorganize the business. 
.Mr. Iletherington has always manifested 
a keen interest in the field of applied 
.s<'ience. At one time he invented a port- 
able hand camera for taking pictures. 
Thi.s was at the beginning of the **ko<lak" 
busiiu»ss ma<le famous later by the East- 
man firm of R/H*hester. Probably the 
greatest of all his inventions was the rail- 
way asphalt paving plant — manufactur- 
ing all the different types of asphalt or 
bitinninons pavement, established upon a 
steel car espe<'ially built for the purpose. 
It revolnti(mized asphalt paving in the 
Tnited States, an<l because it destroyed 
a gigantic monopoly theretofore enjoyed 
the validity of the patent was bitterly con- 
tested in the ccmrts. Mr. Iletherington 
was finally sustained. 

He is a man of versatile talent.s. For 
three years, in addition to his regular shop 
work, he attended the original Indiana 
School of Art. He pnHluced illustrations 
and cart(K)ns for the old Indianapoliji pe- 
ri(Klicals. Herald. People, ami Sci.ssors, 
and also illustrateil for Indiana's great- 
<'st poet, James Whitcomb Riley, before 
Riley had he<*ome so famou.s. 

NoveinlH^r :\, 1S80. Mr. Iletherington 
iiiarrieil Miss Kmiiia I^)ardman. She died 
Deeeniber 11, UMl. leaving three children: 
Carl F.: Ros^ilind. Mrs. Willard B. Bot- 
tone of New York City; and Marian, Mrs. 
Harvey Marsh of Ceneva, Illinois. 

P\Ri{V K\MiLV. In the Parry Manu- 
fartuririL' Company of Indianapolis is 
found the I'hief business expression of the 
ah'liti»»s and activities of a prominent and 
notable familv (»f Indiana. 

The founders of this business were Da- 
vid M. antl Thomas H. Parry, brothers. 
It was istablishcil alKmt is^fl. These 
broth. 'rs were the sons of Thomas J. and 
I..v.lia -.MaeLran) Parry. Thomas J. 
Parry was a son of Henry Parrj'. The 



1368 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



latter, a native of Wales, learned the pro- 
fession of eivil engineer In that countrj' 
and eanie to the Tnited States during the 
latter part of the eighteenth eentury. He 
saw a<*tive service in the War of 1812. and 
afterward beeanie a millwright and car- 
penter. Henry l*arr>' married Sarah 
Cadwalader, daughter of (icneral John 
Cadwalader, who gained distinction in the 
Hevoluti<mary war and had an active part 
in laying out and founding the original 
Pitt^sburg. Through his wife. Henry 
Parry l)e<*aiii<» owner of considerable prop- 
erty at Pittsl)urg, ai»d l>otli of them spent 
the rest of their days there. They were 
the parents of twelve children. 

Thomas .1. Parry, youngest of these chil- 
dren, was iMirn ScjitcmlMT 24, 1S22. He 
became a farmer and t'ollow«»d that occu- 
pation through most of his life. In ISf^^ 
he came West, to Indiana, locating on a 
farm near Laurel in Frankliji <'ounty. He 
was distinguished by the depth and siii- 
ceritv of his convii'tions, and from his fore- 
bears he inherited sterling honesty and up- 
right (mhisii ess of contluct. At first he was 
an anient whig and later a republican, 
and he embra('e<l the do<»trines of this 
party with such enthusiasm that it was 
impos.sible for him to countenance any 
other political faith. In n»ligious matters 
he was e^iually single minded and gave 
(Hnnplete a<lheren<*e to the Presbyterian 
Church. He never held any p(»litical of- 
fice, his time being entirely re^|uire<l by 
insuring a livelihood for himself and fam- 
ily. His death <MMMirnMl SeptemlH*r 21. 
1S99. He an<l his wife had five children: 
Kdward H.. David M., .Jennie, Mrs. O. P. 
(Jriflitli. Thomas H. and St. Clair. The 
two oldi»st were l>orn in Pennsylvania and 
the rest in Indiana. 

David M. and Thomas H. Parry engagiul 
in the manufacture of buggies at Rush- 
ville alMUit iss:^ In onler to cret addi- 
tional facilities and capital they moved 
to Indianap(»lis in 1SS(). thus founding the 
prestMit business of the Parry .Manufac- 
turing Company. In IS^^S St. Clair Parry 
and in 1S90 Kdward K. Parrv* l>e<»ame 
partners in the business. It was an in- 
ttustr>' starte<t on a small wHe but grew 
rapidly and was incorporated in 1888 as 
the Parry Manufacturing Company. The 
original capital was ♦3r>.00O, but in 1891 
this was increased to $500,000 common 
stock and ♦7(K).000 preferre<l. At present 



all the sto<*k has been retired exeept the 
half a million of common. 

»St. Clair Parr>' was bom on a farm in 
Franklin County, Indiana, Pebniar^' 19, 
1861. and was educated in the public 
schools of Connersville. He clerked in 
that town .several years in a hardware 
store, and then became clerk in the Citi- 
zens Bank, owned by J. N. Huston, a dis- 
tinguished Indiana financier who was 
treasurer of the United States under Presi- 
dent Benjamin Harrison. 

From the bank St. Clair Parry engaged 
in the hardware business for himself, but 
in 1S8H joined his brothers as a vehicle 
manufacturer at Indianapoli.s. The capi- 
tal city has been his home for the past 
tliirtv vears. He was seeretan' and treas- 
urer of the company until 1909, at which 
date he was elected president, a position he 
still (HM'upies. 

Mr. Parry is a republican, is a Royal 
Arch and thirty-second degree Mason and 
Shriner, bebmgs to the Columbia Club, the 
Country Club, the W-oodstoi»k Club, the 
Chaud)cr of CoTumercc and is a member 
of the Second Presbyterian Church. 

June 5. 18!>r), he married Margaret Guf- 
fin, of Rushville, daughter of George 
(tuf!in. They have one son, George 
Thomas. 

Artiii-r E. Bradsiiaw, of Indianapolis, 
is one of that large army of citizens who 
in an unostentatious way are carrj'ing the 
real and heavy bunlens of commercial and 
civic life and are satisfied with perform- 
ance of duty even if they do not win the 
shoubler straps of conspicuous activity. 

His grandfather. Rev. Samuel Brad- 
shaw, was a native of England and a min- 
ister of the Epis(>opal Church. He came 
to America, thus establishing the familv 
in the Cnited States. William Brad- 
shaw, father of the Indianapolis business 
man, was bom in the State of Michigan, 
and in 1838 move<I to I>elphi, Indiana, 
where he engaged in the watchmaking and 
jewelry business. At Delphi he married 
(teorgiana Sampson, and they spent the 
greater part of their lives in that city. 

Arthur E. Bradshaw was bom at Delphi, 
the oldest of a family of three children. 
His boyhoo<l days were spent in the pub- 
lic schrmls and in such other pursuits as 
were customar>- for the youth of his time 
and locality. He earlr learned the watch- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1369 



maker's trade from his father, and fol- 
lowed that as a means of eaniing his liv- 
ing for about fifteen years. In the mean- 
time with other parties he organized the 
Indianapolis Mortar and Fuel Company. 
The growth of this business necessitated 
his removal to Indianapolis in 1902. and 
sinee that year he has been president and 
dire<»ting head of the corporation. The 
concern, established in a modest way. has 
expande<l until it is now one of tlie larg- 
est businesses of its kind in Indiana. 
While its principal work is the handling 
of a general line of building materia) and 
of coal, it is known in several states for 
its special line of manufacture, the 
'*IIoosier" brand of plaster. 

Mr. Bradshaw belongs to that class of 
men who live their lives in a well-ordered 
manner, always support movements affect- 
ing the comminiity welfare, and jmssesses 
that quiet efficiency which gets things done 
in any undertaking with which he is con- 
nected. Mr. Bradshaw is a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce, the Columbia, 
Marion, Rotary and Canoe clubs, the Turn- 
verein and is a Knight Templar and thirty- 
second degree SU^ottish Rite Mason and a 
member of the Mystic Shrine. 

In 1885 he married Miss Jennie Jack- 
son. Three daughters were born to their 
marriage. One of them died at the age of 
thirteen, and the two living are Jessie and 
Mary. 

Frank M. IIay. With a record as a 
Union soldier that merits all the distinctive 
honor now paid the sun-ivors of the Civil 
war, Frank M. Hay is one of the older 
members of the Indianapolis bar. and has 
practiced his profession in that city thirty 
years or more. 

He represents a notable ancestry con- 
nected with the earliest territorial pcrioil 
of Indiana. The Hay family originated 
in Scotland. Ilis great-grandfather, 
James Hay, participated in the expedition 
which captured Vinc»enncs in the 
eighteenth century, and he was the first 
sheriff of the territory of Indiana. Later 
he joined (teneral Clark's expedition to 
the Pacific Coast. Mr. Hay's grandfather, 
James, Jr.. was liorn in Indiana and 
served as a soldier with General Harrison 
at the Battle of Tippccan(H». where lie was 
wounded. He spent his last days in Clark 
County, Indiana. 



Frank M. Hay was born in Clark Coun- 
ty. October 17, 1844, a son of John Mil- 
ton and Sarah J. (Boggis) Hay. His 
father was born in Clark County, this 
state, in 1816, the year Indiana was ad- 
mitted to the Union, and died in 1877. He 
was a man of many brilliant parts, though 
self educated. For over ten years he was 
a draftsman in the shipyards at Jefferson- 
ville. Indiana, and was skilled in every de- 
tail of steamlK)at construction and e<|uip- 
ment. In his early life he taught s<*hool. 
In 1872. he removed to Windfall, Tipton 
County. Indiana, and was a carpenter and 
farmer there the rest of his life. He be- 
gan voting as a whig, took up republican 
principles in the T)()s. but in 1864 devi- 
ated from that allegiance to support 
George B. McClellan for the presidency. 
He had served as a lieutenant-colonel of 
the state militia. We and his wife had 
nine children. i\\e of whom are still liv- 
ing. 

Frank M. Hay. fourth in age among his 
father's children, began his active career 
at the age of sixteeji as a laborer on a 
farm and as a carpenter's apprentice. 
This occupation he did not foUow long. On 
August 19. 1861. he enlisted in the Seventh 
Indiana Infantry, in Company F, as a 
private. His active militarj' service was 
included in a period of four years, three 
months and twenty-three days. He re- 
ceived his honorable dis<*harge in 1864, 
but in the meantime had fought in thirty- 
six battles, including Gettysburg, Wilder- 
ness, Antietam and many others. Toward 
the close of his ser\'i<'e and while on the 
skirmish line he was captured by the Con- 
federates. August 19, 1864. and was sent 
as a prisoner to liibby Prison, but made 
his escape. After his honorable discharge 
Mr. Ilav returned to Johnson County, 
Indiana, and took up the study of law, 
and also lived a short time in Illinois. 
After following several different vocations 
he n»suined the study of law and l>egan 
the practice of the profession in Illinois. 
He later removed to Indianapolis, and 
coni!»incd the law with the brokerage busi- 
ness. In 1886 he was ele<»ted a justice of 
the peace and fille<l that office four years. 
Since the <'lose of his term he has steadily 
practiced law, and has also s|>ecialized in 
scU*<*tive work. Mr. Hay is a strong re- 
publican, is a member of the Knights of 
IVthias anil of Ctcorge H. Chapin Post 



1370 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



No. 209, Grand Army of the Republic. He 
is a member of the Marion Club of In- 
dianapolis. 

Augrust 8, 1869, at Mattoon, Illinois, Mr. 
Hay married Miss Martha S. Payne. Of 
their two children the only one now liv- 
ing is Thomas J. Hay, who to thousands 
of Indianans as well as in his home city 
of Chicago represents the culminating suc- 
cess and ability of automobile salesman- 
ship. 

Thomas J. Ilay was educated in the 
common schools and in a business college 
at Indianapolis, and for three years also 
studied law in his father's office. A few 
years ago an automobile trade journal re- 
ferrc<l to Thomas .1. Ilay as oc<'upying **a 
peculiar and commanding position in the 
national automahilc tichl. During the pa.st 
eight years tiftccn thousand autcmiohiles 
have been purchased in Chicago and vi- 
cinity through this one man. Tom J. Hay 
knows automobiI(»s as do few other men in 
the tield. Pri»»r to engaging in the auto- 
mobile trade in Chicago he spent six years 
in an automobile factory helping to per- 
fect and design one of America's leading 
gas cars. No man in the retail automo- 
l)ile Imsiness has earned such a high repu- 
tation for honest service, square dealing 
and authoritative knowledge." 

John P. V.vn KmK is one of the veteran 
building contractors of LaPorte, where he 
has !>een in business over fortv-five vears. 
lie has put a tremendous amount of en- 
ergy into all his umlertakings, and for 
that reason early «)vercame certain handi- 
i'aps line to lack of e<lu<*ational opportuni- 
ties as a Im>v and the nwessitv of earn- 
in^r hi^ own living when most youths of 
his «ir«' were in sch<K)L 

lie wa'^ lH>rn in I.oiransport. Indiana. 
His father. John Van Kirk, was a native 
of Westinorelami Countv. Pennsvlvania. 
The LTantlfather. also John Van Kirk, was 
a distiller at l*ittslMir«r and spent all his 
life in INMinsvlvania. He was lineallv 
desrcinlfd fn»!n a Jnhn Van Kirk, who 
was Iwirn in Ameri«*a. alMMit 1JU»1, and a 
rcHJileiiT of X«»w AmstiTdani. Traditiim 
*iii>N that l»i» was associated with the Van 
|)ikf !»n»thcrs who were banished from 
Ibdlanfl. Jnhn Van Kirk, father of the 
LaPnrte roiitractnr. was reared and iiiar- 
ri**«i in Pfiirisvlvania. anil in \>4^ moved 
to Indiana, living for a time in liOgans- 



port, later at Pulaski, and finally taking 
up a farm in Marshall County, where he 
lived until his death at the age of sixty- 
four. He married Mary Coalter. She 
was bom in Westmoreland County, 
Pennsylvania, daughter of Philip Coalter, 
a native of Prussia, and on coming to 
America, lived in Pennsylvania some years 
and later in Ohio. Mrs. John Van Kirk 
died at the age of eighty-three, having 
reared four sons and four daughters. 

John P. Van Kirk made the best of his 
opportunities to obtain an education, but 
at the age of thirteen he left home and 
from that time forward was self-support- 
ing. He earned his living at any legiti- 
mate work that offered and in 1864 came 
t(» LaPorte and was apprenticed to learn 
the trade of brick making. At the end of 
a year his employer died and after that 
he worked as a journeyman. Having ac- 
(|uire<l a thorough skill and having 
thriftily save<I his earnings he used his in- 
dependent ability to set up a business of 
his own as a contractor in 1871, and from 
that time forward has been one of the 
leading men in his line in LaPorte. Much 
of his present prosperity is represented 
in real estate investments, both in the city 
and in suburlwn property. Much of this 
has been improvetl by him. In 1871 he 
built the home where he and his wife have 
since resided, at 1006 Monroe Street. 

In 1869. at the age of twenty, Mr. Van 
Kirk marrie<l Miss Mahala E. Wise. She 
was l)oni on a farm in Suflfield Township 
of Portage County, Ohio, a daughter of 
Jacob S. and Mary (Harsh) Wise. Her 
grandfather, SielM^hl Wise, was a life long 
resident of Pennsylvania. Jacob Wise on 
leaving Pennsylvania livwl for several 
years in Ohio and later in Indiana in 
Starke County and finally in Marshall 
County, where he died. Mr. and Mrs. 
Van Kirk have two children, James and 
.Minnie. James married Agnes Murray. 
They have one son. Royal Van Kirk, who 
during the war was a sergeant in the 
.\inerican .Anny stati<ined at Camp 
Heaurcgani. I^iuisiana. Minnie Van Kirk 
was first marri<Nl to Charles Wriirht. and 
had two sons. Charles and Howard 
Wris:ht. Charles Wright marrie<l and his 
thriH* <*hitdren are Kvelyn May. Helen and 
Oriand « dcceii>e<i •. Minnie Van Kirk*s sec- 
ond huslMind was Fred Shoaf. 

Mr. Van Kirk is affiliated with IjaPorte 




^oLj-''f.hiiu^ 



r..\ 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1373 



mother and a maiden sister, remained on 
the farm, ajid here David grew to man- 
hood. The settlers established a school as 
well as a church, and young Hanta was one 
of its first and most constant attendants 
until he reacheci the age of seventeen. He 
was also an eager reader of all the iKwks 
he could tind, but these wore not numerous. 
He taught school for a few terms, and then, 
having an impulse to see something of the 
world, he went with a young friend to the 
new state of Iowa, where he spent several 
months, cutting wood, working in a saw- 
mill, and tramping through the country. 
In the fall of 1852, he entered a 
law office in the Town of Fairfield, and 
began reading Blackstone. lie says: **The 
time spent in this office was not wholly 
wasted. It fixed me in my determination 
to make the study of law a serious business, 
and it opened my eyes to the fact that I 
needed further preparation for it.'* 

Early in the spring of the following 
year he returned to Indiana and became a 
student at Franklin College, where he re- 
mained until fall, of the same year, when 
he went to Bloomington and entered the 
State Tniversity. Here he completed the 
course in letters, and entered the law 
school, which was then presideti over by 
Judge James Hughes. He took his de- 
gree in law in the sprijig of 1857 ; and 
graduated from the single life a year 
earlier, marrying a widow. Mrs. M. E. Per- 
rin, the daughter of James Riddle, of Cov- 
ington, Kentucky. In the fall of 1857 he 
began the practice at Franklin, or at least 
opene<I an office, for getting practice just 
before, and in the earlier years of the Civil 
war. was a rather slow process in Indiana. 
Fortunately the law did not then forbid 
an attorney to engage in other occupa- 
tions. He obtained a position as deputy in 
the office of the couiitv recorder, and served 
in that capacity for two years. He served 
a term as district attornev of the Common 
Plea.s Court, an office which was not very- 
remunerative, but afforded a large amount 
of experience. He served for two years 
as a divinion assessor of the Cnited States 
Internal Revenue Department, which was 
more profitable. In connection with his 
service in these capacities he was also for 
a time county s*»hool examiner, and trustee 
of the city schools. These occupations left 
him an abundance of time for reading, of 

which he availed himself to the fullest ex- 
Toi. in- II 



tent But, more than all, he devoted him- 
self to the collection and record of local 
historj'. lie had seen the region develop 
from an unbroken forest to a region of 
civilization, with well-cultivated farms, 
good roads, and the conveniences of life. 
It was a matter of intense interest to him, 
and he had the faculty of putting it in in- 
teresting form for others. He inter\'iewed 
old settlers and took down the stories of 
their experiences. He formed the habit of 
writing of these things for the newspapers; 
and in later years he wrote a ** History of 
Johnson County.'* which presents the best 
pictures of the manners and customs of 
the early settlers of Indiana that is ac- 
cessible. In the course of all this he was 
making friends, and that is the making 
of the young lawyer. 

As the war progressed his business in- 
crea.sed rapidly, and he was notably suc- 
cessful in getting verdicts. He used, in ex- 
planation of this, to tell of a member of 
the regular panel of jurors, who met him 
one day on tlie courthouse steps, and, 
after glancing around to see that no one 
was in hearing, confidentially said: ** Stand 
up to them old lawyers Davy ; stand up to 
Vm. The jury is standing up to you.'* 
His life was now that of the prosperous 
lawyer until 1870, when he was nominated 
on the democratic ticket for judge of the 
Twenty-Eighth Judicial Circuit, then com- 
pose<i of Johnson. Shelby, Bartholomew 
and Brown counties, and was elected with- 
out opposition. He held this position un- 
til 1876. but his S4^rvice waa interrupted 
in 1871 by a virulent attack of fever which 
brought him almost to death *s door, and 
left him with a shattered nervoiw sys- 
tem. Under the advice of physicians he 
went to the pine woods of Michigan, and 
campcil for several weeks, which restored 
his health. It also opened a new world to 
him. and he returne<l to it thereafter for 
his yearly outing, both for the benefit of 
his health and for the joy of the touch with 
nature. On retiring from the l)ench. 
Judge Banta fonne<i a partnership with 
Thomas W. Woollen, later attorney gen- 
eral of the state, which continued for thir- 
teen years, and was prospen)us financially. 
In 1877 Judge Banta was appointed a 
member of the board of tnistees of the 
State University, and held this position for 
eleven years, in seven of which he was pres- 
ident of the board. The law aehool of the 



1374 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



university had been discontinued in 1877, 
and years passed before it seemed advis- 
able to revive it. In 1889 the attempt was 
made, and Judge Banta was made pro- 
fessor of law and dean of the law school. 
No better man could have been found, for 
he had a talent for teaching, and enjoyed 
it more than the practice. Under his care 
the department grew steatiily in strength 
and repute, and he remained at its head 
until his death, on April 9, 1896. The de- 
gree of LL. D. which was held by Judge 
Banta, was conferred by Franklin Col- 
lege, in 1888. 

Capt. Abram Piatt Andrew, the vet- 
eran IjaPorte banker, is a member of that 
family than whom none has been more 
prominently and closely identified with 
the historj' of Northern Indiana and par- 
ticularly if LaPorte County in the City 
of LaPorte from the earliest pioneer days 
to the present. Two of the men most con- 
spicuous in founding the City of I>aPorte 
were Capt. A. P. Andrew and James An- 
drew. The family has ever since been 
numerously represented there, and some 
of the members have become prominent 
in other cities and states. 

The ance«tr>' of the I^Porte banker be- 
gins with James Andrew, probably a na- 
tive of Scotland, who for a number of 
years lived on the north branch of the 
Raritan River in New Jersey. In 1744 he 
marrieil Catherine Livingston, a member 
of the well-known family of that name 
in New Jersey and New York. 

Among their children was Dr. John 
Andrew, who was Iwm at Trenton, New 
Jcrs«»v. rei'cived a dassii^al education, and 
prHfti('f»d me<li<*ine for many years. Dur- 
ing the Revolutionary war he sen-etl as 
assistaiit surgtHm in the army under 
Washington, and was with that great 
leader at Valley Forge an<l continued in 
service until he witn«»ssod the surrender 
of Ct>niwallis at Yorktown. After the 
war 1h» returned home to New Jersey. lie 
had inarritHl. for his first wife. Rachel 
('hamlH*rlaiii. tlaughter of Lewis Chamber- 
lain of LaiH'aster, Pennsylvania. While 
her hushaiid was in the army this wife 
died and the rhildren ha<l l>ecome scat- 
trred. I)Hf*tor Aiitlrew then remove<l to 
IVnn Vallev in Center Countv, Pennsvl- 
vania. where for many y*»ars he praetiee<l 
iiie.|iiiiM». He was a man alM>ut six feet 



tall and of very commanding presence 
and address. For his second wife he mar- 
ried Elizabeth McConnell, daughter of 
John and Sarah MeConn^. 

James Andrew, grandfather of Abram 
Piatt Andrew, the LaPorte banker, was a 
son of Dr. John Andrew and his first wife. 
James was bom in New Jersey, May 21, 
1774. In 1795 he married Catherine 
Piatt, daughter of Captain Abram and 
Annabelle (Andrew) Piatt Capt. Abram 
Piatt *s father, John Piatt, lived in Somer- 
set County, New Jersey, and wjas sheriff 
of the county in 1732, holding that ofBce 
by a commission from the En^ish Crown. 
His five sons, John, Abram, William, 
Daniel and Jacob, were all soldiers in the 
Colonial Army in the fight for inde- 
pendence, three of them being captains 
and one a major. Capt. Abram Piatt made 
his home in Center County, Pennsylvania, 
and died there November 13, 1791, leav- 
ing ten children. 

Soon after his marriage James Andrew, 
with his brother-in-law, moved to the 
Northwest Territory to seek a home. They 
went down the Ohio to Fort Washington, 
at the present site of Cincinnati. James 
Andrew selected a tract of timber land a 
few miles north in what is now Hamilton 
County, and at once undertook to clear a 
space and erect a log cabin for the shel- 
ter, of his family. The next spring Mrs. 
Piatt and her youngest son and Mrs. An- 
drew made the journey down the Ohio in 
a flat boat, Mr. Andrew being at the land- 
ing at Fort Washington to receive them. 
Under his guidance they arrived at the 
pioneer log cabin home. James Andrew 
subsequently devoted his time to further 
clearing the land and establishing himself 
as a pioneer agriculturist. I^te in life 
he removed to LaPorte, where he spent 
his final yearn. He and his wife had seven 
chihiren : John, who died in early man- 
hoo<l; James. Abraham, Jacob, Rachel, 
Lewis, and William. 

Abraham Piatt Andrew, Jr., father of 
Capt. A. P. Andrew, and called junior to 
distinguish him from his father's half- 
brother, spent his early youth on the home 
farm in Southern Ohio and made the best 
of his opportunities to se<*ure an educa- 
tion. When a youth he went to Cincinnati, 
clerking in his maternal uncle *s hank. Go- 
ing to HnK)kviUe. Indiana, at the age of 
sixteen he was employetl as assistant cash- 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



1375 



ier in the branch of the Indiana State 
Bank there. Later the state required the 
services of a 8ur\*eyor to survey some 
wild lands. He had no knowledge of sur- 
vejnng, but being attracted by the op- 
portunity he secured some books and after 
nine days of application took the examina- 
tion and was appointed to the responsi- 
bility. Later he took charge of the steamer 
Teoumseh, plying between Cincinnati and 
New Orleans, and was commander of that 
Kteamboat five years. His title of captain 
was derived from this service. 

In 1829 Captain Andrew with his brother 
James engraged in the mercantile business 
at Hartford, Indiana. On the first of 
April, 1830, the brothers took a contract to 
build fifteen miles of the Michigan road. 
This was a famous highway in the early 
history of Indiana, being planned to ex- 
tend from ^ladison on Uie Ohio to Lake 
Michigan, and passing through what is 
now LaPorte County to Michigan City. 
The road was planned a hundred feet in 
width, the trees to be cleared for that width 
and the stumps taken out and the surface 
smoothed and graded thirty feet wide. 
Nearly two years later when the brothers 
had completed their contract they went 
to Indianapolis to secure their pay, and 
learned the state was without funds and 
they must accept land script. Taking this 
script, and with a half breed Indian, Joe 
Truokee, as a guide, they started on horse- 
back for Northern Indiana. After three 
weeks of prospecting the brothers selected 
a traft of four square miles, part of which 
is included in the City of LaPorto. The 
Andrew brothers also bought several other 
land claims in that vicinity, and got their 
purchajw»s approvwl in the land office at 
liojfaiisport. 

In April. 18,T2. Abraham Piatt Andrew, 
Jr., returned to this land and bepin im- 
provnnciits. In Mav of the same vear 
his wife an<l u'kh'o joined him. and they 
had as their habitation a log cabin in an 
«iak trrove in tliat part of LaPorto known 
as Camp Colfax. Three weeks later a 
niesst'ujrtT arrived from Fort Dearboni, 
rhifajfo. havinjr covered the intervening 
<listanee in five hours, to warn the settlers 
that Hlaekhawk and his Indian followers 
were on the war path in Illinois. It was 
fearer! that the I'ottawatoinies of Nf>rth- 
♦TTi hidiaiia wonld join in this uprising, 
and ronse«|uently there was much fear 



among all the scattered settlements. Cap- 
tain Andrew, Jr., sent his wife east to Cin- 
cinnati at once, accompanied by Daniel 
Andrew, and the following day twenty- 
nine pioneers gathered and under the 
leadership of Captain Andrew and Peter 
LaBlanc undertook the building of a block- 
house and stockade. The Indian scare soon 
blew over and Captain Andrew, Jr., went 
to Cincinnati and brought back his wife. 

Thenceforward he was one of the con- 
spicuous citizens of LaPorte County. In 
1836 he was a Harrison elector for his 
district. When in 1839 the thirteenth 
branch of the Indiana State Bank was 
organized at Michigan City he was elected 
one of its directors, and in the same year 
became cashier. He finally removed hia 
residence to Michigan City and gave all 
his time to the affairs of the iMmk. In 
1847 he returned to LaPorte. He had built 
some of the first county offices at LaPorte. 
lie was also editor of the LaPorte Whig, 
which supported the election of Harrison 
in 1840. He and his brother William were 
also California gold hunters following the 
days of '49. He dealt extensively in land, 
and in 1869 became a banker at LaPorte 
under the firm name of A. P. Andrew, Jr., 
and Son. He die<l at LaPorte in 1887. 
He and his wife had iive children: Marion 
and James, who died in Michigan City, 
Indiana; Viola, who married Warren Coch- 
rafi and lived at Syracuse, Xew York; 
Abram Piatt : and Caradora, who married 
Dr. S. B. Collins. 

Capt. Abram Piatt Andrew was bom 
while his father lived at Michigan City. He 
attended private schools and also public 
schools and wa.8 a .student at W^abash Col- 
lege, lie left that old Indiana institution 
in 1862 to enlist in the Twenty-First In- 
diana Battery. A month after his enlist- 
ment he was commissioned a second lieu- 
tenant, later was promoted to first lieu- 
tenant and finally to captain. He was with 
his battery in all of its service until the 
close of the war. 

In IHrif) he returne<l home and in 1866 
went si)Uth to IxHiiHJana and spent one 
year as a cotton planter. In 186!) he was 
itss^M'iated with his father in the establish- 
ineiit of A. P. Andrew. Jr.. and Son. Hank- 
ers, and of that institution he has l)een 
nianaeer now for half a eentnry. 

April 16. 1872, Captain Andrew mar- 
ri«Ml M'ss Helen Merrell. She was born 



1376 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



in Goauira County, Ohio, a daughter of 
Nathan and Maria (Reynolds) Merrcll. 
Mr. and Mrs. Andrew reared two chil- 
dren. The daufrhter, Helen, became the 
wife of Hon. Isaac Patch, of Gloucester, 
Massa<*husett8. Iler three children are, 
Helen, l^anla and Isaac, Jr. Captain An- 
drew is a member of Patten Camp, Grand 
Army of the Republic, a meml>er of the 
Loyal I^pon, and attends worship in the 
Presbyterian Church, of which his wife is 
a devout meml)er. 

The only son of Captain Andrew is A. 
Piatt Andrew, Jr., who for a number of 
years has been one of the distinfruishcd 
tinanrial authorities of America, and is now 
a lieutenant-colonel with the rnite<i 
states Army. His career desen-es particu- 
lar notice. He was bom at I^aPorte, 
February 12. 1873. He prraduated A. B. 
from Princeton University in 1893, and 
<lurin^ 1897-99 was abroad as a student 
in the universitit's of Halle. Berlin and 
Paris, He received his Master of Arts 
and Doctor of Philosophy dejrrees from 
Harvard in 1900. From 1900 to 1909 
he was instnictor and assistant profeiuor 
of economics in Harvard University. Dur- 
ing 1908-11 he was expert assistant and edi- 
tor of publications of the National Mone- 
tary Commission. In August, 1909, Pres- 
iflent Taft appointeil him director of the 
rnite<l States Mint, an office he held from 
November until June. 1910. During 19T0- 
12 he was assistant secretary of the trea- 
sury, in chargt* of the fiscal bureau. 

For years he has In^en a recognizctl au- 
thority and writer on money, banking and 
other tiiuincial subjects. In 1906 he was 
ebM'ttMl Officicr d'Acailemie at Paris. 
Amont; bis better known articles published 
in majra/ines and as special studies were 
**Tbc Trciisurv and the Banks under See- 
retarv Shaw** and "The Fnitctl States 
Treasury and the Money Market.'* these 
l>eing critical examinations of Mr Shaw's 
methixl of relieving finam-ial tension by 
the use of (tovernment funds. lM>th of which 
were publisher! in 1I*<)7. at the time Mr. 
Sliaw retired from the office of se«*n»tary of 
the treasury. He publishe*! several studies 
of the currency (|uestion in Oriental 
countries, including ** Currency Problems 
of the I^st De4*aiie in British India/* 
which appeare<l in the Quarterly Journal 
of the K<*onomi(*s in August. 1901 ; and 
**The End of the Mexican Dollar.** in 



the same periodical in May, 1904. His 
several articles on the subject of Financial 
Crises include **The Influence of the (^rops 
upon Business," published in 1906; 
** Hoarding in the Panic of 1907," pub- 
lished in 1908: ** Substitutes for Cash in 
the Crisis of 1907," published in 1908. 
He is the author of many addresses 
upon the need of plans for cur- 
rency legislation, among which may be 
mentionetl an address upon **What Amer- 
ica can Ijeani from European Banking," 
delivered liefore the American Academy 
of Political and Social Science in De- 
cember. 1910: an address upon the ** Re- 
lation of Banking Reform to the Treasury," 
delivered before the American Bankers' 
As.so<'iation in 1911; and **The Crux of 
the Currency Question" delivered at Yale 
Cniversitv in May, 1913. Several of his 
articles concern monetary theor\% notably 
•The Influence of Credit on the Value 
of Money," published in the proceedings 
of the American Economic Association in 
1904. 

Fn>m 1910 to 1912 Mr. Andrew was 
treasurer of the American Red Cross, and 
in the latter year was a delegate to the 
International Conference of the Red Cross. 
For a number of years his home has been 
in Massachusetts. Since December, 1914, 
he held the office of inspector general of 
the American Field Service with the armv 
in Franc»e. With the entrance of the 
United States into the war against Ger- 
many in 1917 he was appointed to organ- 
ize the Amerii'an Volunteer Ambulance and 
Transport Field St»rvice, and in September 
of that year was commissioned a major 
in the Cnitetl States Army. He was award- 
e^l a C'roix de Guerre and named Chevalier 
de la Ij<>irion d*Honneur by the French 
(foveniment in 1917. Lieutenant Colonel 
Auilrew is a member of the Harvard clubs 
of New York and Boston, and the Metro- 
politan and (*hevy (*hase clubs of Wash- 
ington. 

John Line is present county treasurer 
of I^Porte County. For many years he 
haA been in business at the City of Ija- 
Porte as a wholesale fruit dealer, and his 
election as 4*ounty treasurer was but one 
of the many tributes paid him an a citizen 
and business man. 

lie was bom at I^Porte. a son of John 
and Ceviila (Lanard) Lane. His father 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1377 



wa« born at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 
and his mother was a native of Virfpnia. 
John Line a('<|uire(l his education in the 
public schools of LaPorte and befiran his 
business career as clerk in a fruit store. 
After two years, having mastered the busi- 
ness in every detail, he entered the whole- 
sale fniit business on his own account, 
and (conducted it with an unusual amount 
of success. He has always been an active 
republican and was chosen county treas- 
urer in 191H. 

In 1!)08 he married Miss Nettie Stroble, 
also a native of I>iiPorte and a dausrhter of 
Michael Stroble. They have two children: 
Marjorie and Hernice. Mr. Line is a mem- 
ber of the MethfMlist Episcopal Church and 
his wife is a Lutheran. 

Carl F. Pfttering. a LaPorte business 
man, has spent all his life in that city and 
has }>een identified with several of its im- 
portant activities. 

His father Frederick Peterini?, was born 
in Hanover, Germany, and was the only 
member of his family to come to America. 
Aft^r g:etting his education in Germany 
and learninf? the trade of cabinet maker 
he set out for the new world in 1868. 
Soon afterwards he locate<l in LaPorte, 
and almost from the first was employed 
by the sash and d(K>r fa<'torv now operated 
as the LaPorte Sash and Door Company. 
He has l)eeii a resident of I^Porte half a 
century. He married Frederica Mutert, 
also a native of Germany and likewise 
the only meml>er of her father's family to 
come to America. She died at the Age 
of seventy-three years. Their six children 
were Lena, liouise, Fred. Carl F., George 
and Ella. 

Carl F. Petering? was born at LaPorte 
and attended the paro<'hial schools to the 
ajre of fourteen. He then souprht employ- 
ment which would enable him to support 
himself and also contribute to the wel- 
fare of the family. For a year and a half 
he did some of the hanlest manual labor. 
He then went with the LaPorte Journal 
and lcarne<l the printing trade. However, 
that did not furnish enoujrh activity for 
a younpr man of his enterprise, and after a 
year and a half he secureil work as a 
driver of a jrr<H»ery wagon. That kept him 
busy for four years and in the meantime 
he had managed to accumulate from his 



earnings about $280. He used this 
modest capital to set up in business for 
himself as a grocery merchant at 1212 
Lincoln Way. He soon built up a profit- 
able trade, and continued until three 
years later his store was burned and prac- 
tically all his investment swept away. He 
ha<l good credit, however, and soon start- 
ed again. After three years he sold out 
and engaged in the livery business. Six 
years later he added an undertaking de- 
partment, an<l continued both for four 
years. In August, 1915, Mr. Petering 
lK)ught a lot on Lincoln Way and there 
erected the Palace (Jarage, 82 by 115 feet, 
one of the most nicKlern c<|uipped establish- 
ments of its kind in Northern Indiana. 
In May. 1903, he married Miss Louise 
A. Dettman. She was born at LaPorte, 
daughter of John and Mary (Gransow) 
Dettman. Mr. antl Mrs. Petering have 
three children, Ruth, Donald and Lawrence. 
Mr. Petering is independent in politics, 
and he and his wife are members of the 
St. John's Evangelical Church. 

John W. LkRov is a miller of long and 
active experience, and for many years has 
been identified with the J. Street Milling 
Company at LaJ*orte. lie is treasurer 
and manager of the company. 

Mr. LeRov is a native of the Citv of 
Rochester, New York. His father. Wil- 
liam licRoy. was born in Montreal, Canada, 
of French ancestry. Wben a young man 
be moved to the Cnited States and located 
at Rochester, where for many years he 
was a trusted employe of the New York 
Central Railway. He lived at Rochester 
until his death. His wife, whose maiden 
7iame was Ann IVck. is still living in 
Rochester. Her father. Richard Peck, was 
a farmer near Swanton. Pennsylvania. 

John W. I^Roy, only child of his par- 
ents, was e<lucated in the public schools of 
Roc»hester. As a youth he began learning 
the trade of miller and served a complete 
apprenticeship which gave him a mastery 
of all the te<'hnical proces.ses as well as 
the general business details of milline. Mr. 
LeRoy came to I>a Porte in 1889. and for 
thirty years has been identified with the 
J. Street Milling Company, at first as an 
employe and now as the chief owner and 
treasurer and manager. This is one of the 
leading mills for the manufacture of flour 



1378 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



and other food stuffs in Northern Indiana, 
and possesses a complete modem equip- 
ment. 

Mr. LeRoy married Helma Lindgren. 
She was born in LaPorte. Her father, 
Charles Lindgren, was a native of Sweden, 
where he learned the trade of cooper, and 
coming: to America as a young man located 
at LaPorte and was in the cooperage busi- 
ness for a number of years. He spent his 
last years retired and died at the age of 
sixty-seven. He married Christina Lonn, 
also a native of Swoilen and who is now 
living in LaPorte. There were four chil- 
dren in the Lindgren family. Helma, 
Charles W.. Herman A. and John (). 

Mrs. LeHov is n mcml)cr of the Swedish 
Lutheran diurch. Mr. licRov takes an 
artivc part in Masonry, InMiiir aHiliated 
with Kxrclsior Lodge No. 41, Free and 
Accept «Ni Masons, LaPorte Council No. 32, 
R(»yal and Si4cct Masters. LaPorte i.'hap- 
ter No. 15, Koyal Areh Masons, LaPorte 
Conitnandery No. 12, Knights Templar. 
an«l Murat Temple of the Mystie Shrine at 
Indianapolis. 

.TAMi->i Monroe Hannum, who was born 
in I^ Porte County .seventy years ago, has 
been a contributing factor in that section 
of Indiana for many years, as a farmer, 
land owner and latterly as a successful 
business man and banker at the City of 
I-ia Porte. 

He wa.s l>orn at LaPorte in 1848. His 
grandfather, John Hannum, was aceord- 
ing to the iH^t information available. l)orn 
in Kntrland, and on coining to America set- 
tled in Chester County, Pennsylvania, 
where he iMJUjrht a fann and .spent the rest 
of hi«% days. James Hannum. his srm, was 
lM)rn in Chester Count v, Pennsvlvania, was 
reared autl educated in the Kast, and in 
is:i4 «*anie West to join in the pioneer and 
frontirr aetivitii*s of Indiana. He made 
the iournev bv eanal and laki*s. anil landetl 
at Huffalo. Miehiiran. then probably the 
most important port on I^ake .Miehiffan. 
Frt>!n there he traveled with wajron and 
team to the Town of LaPorte. He had 
learned the trade of cabinet maker and 
was one of the earlv mechanics in La- 

• 

Porte eity. IL* als^) worked as a carpenter 
and heli)e«l build some of the first private 
honi«Hi at LaPorte. Sul>se<iuently he l>ou(;ht 
land in S<-ipio Township and became a 
farmer. In 1H49 he went West to Cali- 



fornia, making the journey overland in a 
party that had forty-one wagons, most of 
them drawn by ox teams. They were 
ninety days in crossing the plains, which 
were covered by buffalo, and many hostile 
Indians beset the route. James Hannum 
was a gold miner and remained in Cali- 
fornia until 185L On coming back to 
the States he made the trip around Cape 
Horn, being ninety days from San Fran- 
cisco to New York. He invested his means 
in a farm in Scipio Township, but seven 
years later sold that place and bought a 
farm on the Kingsbury Road in Scipio 
Township, I>aPorte County, where he lived 
until his death at the advanced age of 
eighty-four. James Hannum married 
I^)uisa Bart let t, who was bom in Tucker- 
ton, New Jersey, daughter of Nathan Bart- 
lett, also a native of New Jersey and of 
English parentage. Nathan Bartlett was 
another pioneer in Northern Indiana, com- 
ing here in 1832, accompanied by his fami- 
ly. He also in the aWnce of other means 
of transportation traveled by canal and 
lakes and was several weeks en route. All 
of Northern Indiana was then practically 
a wilderne.s.s, and LaPorte and other sur- 
rounding counties had scarcely l)een organ- 
ized. Nathan Bartlett Io<>ated along what 
has sini^e been called the Kingsbury Road 
in Pleasant Township, buying a tract of 
partially improved land at twelve dollars 
an acre. He was a general farmer a few 
years and then removing to LaPorte en- 
gage<l in the mercantile business at what 
is now Lineoln Way and Linwoo<l Street. 
He earried a stock of general merchandise 
for many years and live<l in LaPorte until 
his tleath. Nathan Bartlett married Han- 
nah Willitts. Mrs. James Hannum died 
at the age of seventy- four, lieing the mother 
of eight children: Hannah Sarah. James 
Monn)e, Aliee, Nellie. Nathan Bartlett, 
Mary I^uisa, Johnaima and £<imund B. 

James Monn>e Hannum was six years 
of age when his parents remove*! to Scipio 
Township and he grew up on a farm there, 
having a traininjr which brought out his 
habits of industry-. He attended school 
and at the age of twenty-one commeneed 
life with all his capital in his willingness 
and industry. He then took charge of his 
grandfather Bartlett *k fann and managed 
it seven years. Ill health compelled! him 
to retin», but after two years he bought 
a farm on Kingsbury Road in Union Town- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1378 



■hip and was successfully identified with 
its management until 1891. In that year 
Mr. Hannum removed to LaPorte and the 
next two years were spent in settling up 
an estate. He then for eight years was in 
the farm implement business and since 
then has dealt on a large scale in real 
estate and has been a factor in business 
affairs generally. Mr. Ilannum is a trustee 
of the LaPorte Savings Bank, of the La- 
Porte Loan and Trust Company, Is a di- 
re<'tor in the JjaPorte Improvement So- 
ciety, and the I^Porte Building and Loan 
Association. 

In 1877 he married Phebe A. Parker, 
^hc was born in Now Jersev, a daughter 
of Willis and Phcbc (Wiilit.s) Parker. 
Mrs, Ilannum died Fcbruar\' 20. 1914. 
In June. 1917. Mr. Ilannum marrie<l Ada 
Mitchell. She was bom in Albany. New 
York, daughter of William and Louisa M. 
(Taylor) Mitchell. She received most of 
her earlv education in Albanv and was 
also a student in a private school and the 
Albany Female College. Mr. Ilannum was 
reared a Quaker, but now worships in the 
Presbyterian Church. 

WujJAM F4)HDiCK has eanied that en- 
viable professional position due to forty 
years of labor and experience, and bears 
his honors gracefully as one of the oldest 
and most widely known members of the 
dental profession in Indiana. His father 
was a pioneer dentist, one of the first to 
follow dentistry as a separate profession. 

I)o<»tor Fosclick has an ancestr\' traced 
in unbroken generations back to the Eng- 
land of Queen Elizabeth's time. The first 
American ancestor was Stephen Fosdick, 
who was }>orn in England in 1583. On 
coming to America he lived for a time at 
Chariest own. Ma.ssa<'husett.s. but soon re- 
moved to Nantucket, where he was one of 
the first settlers. He married Sarah \Vith- 
erell. Their son. John Fosdick, was born 
in 1626. He married Elizal>eth Norton. The 
thinl generation was represented by Jona- 
than Fos<lick, who was l^orn in Nantucket 
in 1669 and marrieil Catherine Phillips. 
The hea<l of the fourth generation was 
Jonathan Fos4iick. born at Nantucket in 
1708. John Fosdick. of the fifth genera- 
tion, was bom at Nantucket, June 2. 1732. 

<*apt. William Fosdick, of the sixth gen- 
eration, great-grandfather of Doctor Fos- 
dick, was l)orn on the Island of Nantucket, 



Massachusetts, July 25, 1760. He early 
went to sea at the age of twelve years and 
subsequently was impressed into the Eng* 
lish navy. He was taken aboard a man-of- 
war, but some time later when the vessel 
was along American shores he made his 
escape by swimming, and soon resumed his 
occupation as an American sailor. He 
finally became captain of a vessel named 
Industrj* and commanded it twenty years, 
Capt. William Fosdick married Mary 
Folger, daughter of Benjamin and Judith 
Folger, and a cousin of Benjamin Frank- 
lin. Several of their children removed to 
Campbell County, Virginia, one of them 
l)eing Oeorge Washington Fosdick. 

(ieorge Washington Fosdick, of the 
seventh generation, was l)orn May 18, 1788, 
and on removinic to Virginia settled near 
Lynchburg. He marrie<l there Mary 
Strong, (laughter of a planter and slave 
holder. (Jeorge W. Fosdick was a New 
Knglan<ler who could not adapt himself 
to sf>ntliern institutions, and in IHHO he 
emigrated west and settled near Niles in 
the Territory of Michipan. On reaching 
free soil he liberated the slaves which his 
wife ha<l inherited. Later he moved to 
Lil)erty, I'nion County. Indiana, and in 
1836 l>ecaine a pioneer in I^Porte County. 
He purchas<»d land in Cool Springs Town- 
ship, in the lo<'ality known as Ilollenbeck 
Corners. Besides farming he also followed 
his trade as a blacksmith there, having a 
shop on his farm. About 1850 he retired 
and went to live in LaPorte, where his 
death occurred in 1867. His wife died in 
1874. 

Capt. John S. Fosdick, father of Doc- 
tor W^illiam, was born on a plantation near 
Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, 
neceml)er 27,. 1811. He was about twenty 
years of age when his parents moved west, 
and in the meantime he had acquired his 
e<lucation in the schools of Virginia. He 
learnefi the trade of blacksmith under his 
father and l>eing a natural mechanic was 
soon expert. He went to California in 
1H48. following the Isthmus route and walk- 
ing across the Isthmus. He landed at 
San PVancisco without a cent. A mill was 
in process of construction and a machinist 
was wanted for certain parts of the iron 
work. He secured the job, but having no 
tools had to make some. After that was 
finished he went to the mines, but had 
practically no success as a gold miner. 



1380 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Not long afterward he returned to LaPorte 
and t(M)k up the practice of dentistr>'. 
He had attended a eolle(?e of me<licine but 
di(i not become a doctor, preferrinfr den- 
tistry Hs a new art only then acquiring 
the standing of a jirofession. Captain Fos- 
diek be(*ame known in dental circles all 
through the Tnited States. 

In 1861, though tifty years of age, he 
raised a company for service in the Tnion 
army. It was known as Company G of 
the Twt'ntv-ninth Indiana Infantrv, and he 
was <*ommis8i(med captain by Governor 
Morton. He went south and commanded 
this company for eleven months, then re- 
signing and returning home to resume his 
practice. Captain Fos^lick invcnteil a 
rapitl lire gun th«t would lire a hundred 
shots ill six stM'onds. However, it wa.s not 
a self-loader. He intendcil to make im- 
provements, luit before he completed them 
the galling gun was patentiMl an<l thus he 
never carntNl fame to whieh his invention 
wiis cjititled. He remained in active prac- 
tiee at LaPorte until his <leath in Febru- 
ary. 1S82. at the aire of seventy-one. 

In 18.'U Captain Fos4li<*k married Miss 
Rosetta S. Hailey, a native of Litchfield 
County, Conneeticut, who diet! in 1841. 
She was the mother of four children. For 
his seeond wife Captain Fimdick marrie<l 
Miss P'mily S. Smith of New York State. 
She died Slareh 28, 1894. Her father was 
(*apt. Jolin Smith and her matenud grand- 
father was ('apt. Joshua Huel. Captain 
Fos<lii'k by his s«*eond wife had live chil- 
dreji, William. Samuel J.. John S., (fil- 
bert «<bH'eas«»<l ■ and Albert K, Captain 
P%Kdi«-k was affiliated with the (Quaker 
i*hurr)i and in politics was a republican. 

Dr. William F«>siUck was l)oni at I^a- 
Tortr June f». li^4!». He received a lil>eral 
edu<'ation. attending a private sch<Md 
taught by Professor F. P. (*ummings. He 
was in tiiat wh<M»l s«»ven vears and in the 
publie sch<M»l two years. He also learne<l 
the printer's trade and work at it three 
years, but in 1M»7 entered his father's 
of!i<'c and for ten years stu<lie«1 and gained 
that experienee wliiih littetl him f«ir the 
praetice of dentistry, lie was granteil his 
licensi' hv the Indiana State Hoard in 
lh7f». In the meantime, in 1877, Do<*tor 
FtJs^liek bn-ated at Michigan City and prae- 
ti«*ed there for thirte^'u years. In \s\H) he 
returned to LaPorte, and has been a leader 



of his profession in that city over a quar- 
ter of a century. 

October 29, 1872, Doctor Fosdick mar- 
ried Miss I^uisa Vennette Brewer, who 
was lM)rn in New York State in 1854. She 
liecame the mother of three children, Maude 
Vennette, Eleanor Genevieve and \Villiam 
Yale. In 1916 Doctor Fosdick married 
Julia Elizabeth Zeigler. 

TiioM.vs B. Mii.UK.vN. It is not so much 
his long standing as a banker and cashier 
of the Citizens State Bank of Newcastle 
that gives Mr. Millikan his unique distinc- 
tion in Henry County, but rather the ex- 
traordinary- enterprise and public spirit 
which have }»rought him into movements 
and undertakings not directly in the line 
of his private business, or even indirectly 
a source of profit or advantage to him per- 
soimlly. In fact he has been well satis- 
fied to see his efforts count chiefly and his 
measure of u.sefulness estimated by what 
he has l)een able to do to promote the gen- 
eral growth and prosperity of the city. 
His fellow citizens give him the larger 
share of p<*rsonal credit for bringing some 
of the most monumental industries to New- 
castle. 

Mr. Millikan was a member of the com- 
mittee which went east and after prolonged 
conferences with President Brisco conclud- 
ed the negotiations whereby the Maxwell 
Automobile Company established its plant 
at Newcastle. Another business which Mr. 
Miinkan was instrumental in getting for 
Newcastle is the Chard loathe Company. 
When the Hoosier Kitchen Cabinet Com- 
pany moved its plant from Albany, Indi- 
ana, to Newcastle there arose a serious 
hitch in the plans whereby the company 
was to buy out an old plant at Newcastle. 
The important difference l>etween the nego- 
tiating parties was a matter of consider- 
able monev askinl bv the old owner of the 
new comfiany. As the easiest means out 
of the difficulty Mr. Millikan went out and 
in a ft»w hours raisetl the sum from local 
business men. Newcastle also owes Mr. 
Millikan much cre<lit for the fact that the 
Krell-French Piano Company established 
its larire and prosjH*rous plant at New- 
castle. 

Thomas B. Millikan. the fourth ^(on of 
John R. and Martha TKoons^ Millikan. 
was born on his father's farm in Liberty 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1381 



Township, Henr>- County, Indiana, March 
28, 1854. lie obtained his early education 
in diHtriet sohool, and afterwards attended 
the public schools of Newcastle while they 
were under the efficient direction of Profes- 
sor George W. Ilufford. He also attended 
the Ilolhrook Normal School at Lebanon, 
Ohio. 

His second days ended in 1874, and in 
September of the same year he entered the 
sen'ice of the Citizens State Bank of New- 
castle as assistant cashier. At this writing 
he has the honor of being the oldest active 
banker in Ilenrj' County in point of con- 
tinuous service. 

In 1891, when James N. Huston of Con- 
ncrsville, Indiana, resignetl the treasuror- 
ship of the United States and Enos II. Ne- 
becker, of Covington, Indiana, was ap- 
pointed to succeed him, the latter selected 
Thomas B. Millikan as a representative 
with others to count the cash in the United 
States Treasury. This selection was high- 
ly complimentar>' to Mr. Millikan, who 
accepted the trust and spent the time from 
March 20 to July 1. 1891. in Washington, 
ascertaining the balance in the treasur>'. 
During that period he handled funds or 
their equivalent amounting to over $614,- 
000.000. 

From 1894 to 1902, inclusive, Mr. Milli- 
kan served as state bank examiner of In- 
diana, the duties of this office, both onerous 
and responsible, involvincr a complete ex- 
amination into the condition of each of the 
numerous state banks. Mr. Millikan dis- 
charged the duties of his office with such 
siflrnal ability that during his eight years* 
incumbency only one or two institutions 
of the state failed in business. 

It was his long familiarity and experi- 
ence as a banker that gave him so much 
efficiencv as a state bank examiner and en- 
abled him to render the service above noted 
as T>ersonal representative of Mr. Nebecker 
in the counting of the funds of the Ignited 
States Treasurv. For all these other out- 
side responsibilities Mr. Millikan retained 
his position with the Citizens State Bank, 
and counts forty-five years of continuous 
sen-ice with that institution. Tt means a 
great deal to be thus identified for so 
many years with a «<inele business, espe- 
ciallv when that business is a bank. The 
continued tnis* of the sto<*kholders and de- 
positors and the esteem of the jreneral pub- 
lic have been uniformlv extende<l to him 



during that long period of time, and his 
best years have been given freely to the 
growth and prosperity of the institution. 
Mr. Millikan as a banker has achieved what 
he considers his life's monument, since 
many years ago he boasted that he would 
make the Citizens State Bank a $2,000,000 
institution, and his efforts have been fully 
rewarded and his ambitions realized. The 
Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago appoint* 
ed Mr. Millikan as director of sales for 
United States Treasure' Anticipation Cer- 
tificates for Ilenrv Countv. The certifi- 
cates arc issued by the Government in an- 
ticipation of Kuccee<ling Lil)erty Loans. 
The banks throughout the county respond- 
ed liberally and have taken care of several 
hundre<l thousand dollars' worth of these 
certificates. 

Throughout his banking experience Mr. 
Millikan has always advised against the so- 
calle<l ** investment** offered to so many 
citizens by strangers, and has undoubtedly 
saved many people from loss by this con- 
servative advice. 

Ever since reaching his majority Mr. Mil- 
likan has been a stanch republican, active 
in support of tht* party, its principles and 
policies. In the Republican State Conv*»n- 
tion of 1902 he was a prominent candidate 
for the nomination for state tn»asun»r. 
There were four candidates, and while he 
was unsuccessful he felt gratified to know 
that he stood next to the winner. He has 
l>een for twentv-nine years continuouslv a 
member of the Ilenrv Countv Republican 
Central Committee. Fie was a deleirpte to 
the Republican National Convention in Chi- 
catro in 1016, and was one of the enthusi- 
astic memWrs of the Indiana delegation 
supportinsr Charles W. Fairbanks for presi- 
dent. Tie firmly l>elieves that had the 
choice of the republiean party fallen upon 
that Indiana statesman the n»sults of the 
eleetion would have been completely dif- 
ferent. 

Mr. Millikan attends the Christian 
Church, and is affiliated with Creseeus 
Lodcre No. .'^3. Knights of Pythias, of which 
he sen-ed several vears as tnistee; of Tro- 
ouois Tribe No. 97, Improved Order of Red 
Men : Newcastle Ix>dfire No. 4^4, Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks : and the Fra- 
ternal Order of Fagles. 

October 26, 1877, Mr. Millikan married 
Miss Alice Peed, daucrhter of James C. and 
Martha Jane fBovd) Peed. Thev were 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



1383 



was one of the honored lawyers of that 
city until his death, July 6, 1902, at the 
age of seventy-three. His activity as a 
lawyer covered a period of practically half 
a century. He was one of the orifirinal re- 
publicans of LaPorte County, and in 1854 
was elei'ted on that ticket to the office of 
prosecuting attorney. The LaPorte Cir- 
cuit then comprised ten counties. He held 
that office two years and in 1856 was 
elected a member of the State Senate and 
serveil four years. In 1877 the democratic 
party clecte<l him mayor of LaPorte, and 
he was re-electe<l in 1879. At one time he 
WHS also a candidate for ronprresa. Frater- 
nally he was affiliated with the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks and the 
Knights of P^-thias. A local historian has 
referred to him as **a man of great per- 
sonal force, an easy and fluent speaker, 
kind to the poor and possessing many esti- 
mable traits.'' 

July 12, 1854. at I>aI*orte. Morgan 11. 
Weir married Henrietta E. Teeple. She 
was born on tlie island which is now in- 
cluded in the City of LaPorte, April 3, 
1836, daughter of John and Hannah 
Teeple, who were among the pioneers of 
LaPorte County, settling there in 1834. 
John P. Teeple, her father, was l>orn in 
Kentucky in 1805. and in early life re- 
moved to the southern part of Indiana. 
I^ter he came into Northern Indiana when 
it was a wihlerness, and was the third or 
fourth permanent settler in what is now 
I^aPorte County. He built a log cabin on 
a tract of land on the island al>ovo men- 
tioned. This log cabin also had an under- 
ground cellar which was constructed pri- 
marily with a view to hiding in case of 
Indian uprising. John Teeple at one time 
kept an inn three snd a half miles east of 
lia Porte, on what is now the James An<ler- 
M>n homestead on the Lincoln Highway. 
I-#ater hv moved into the town and was 
«|uite active in business, operating a grist 
mill, and store, and remained a resident 
c»f LaPort#» until his death, in 1906. at the 
advan(*cd age of one hundre<I one years. 
I^te in life he fell from a house, break- 
ing a leg. and was somewhat infirm physi- 
callv. thonirh strong mentallv to the end. 
He married Hannah Weir, a native of Vir- 
irinia. whoM» parents were early settlers 
in Southern Indiana. Hannah Teeple 
die<l at th«' age 4)f eighty. seven. Mrs. 
Morgan H. Weir die<l in 1912. aged sev- 



enty-six. She was the mother of two chil- 
dren: Ellsworth Elmer and Frederick 
Hamilton. 

Ellsworth Elmer Weir grew up in La- 
Porte, attended the public schools and re- 
ceived much of his early training under 
his father. He entered the law depart- 
ment of the University of Michigan, from 
which he was graduated LL. B., in 1882, 
and in June of the same year was admitted 
to the bar and began practice at La Porte. 
For a numl)er of years Mr. Weir has been 
general counsel for the Great "Western 
Manufacturing Company. 

Otober 22. 1884. he married Miss 
Nellie K. Kogers. She was bom in La- 
Porte Count.v and also represents two of 
the pioneer families of that section. Her 
]>arents were Andrew J. and Ix)uisa (Hall) 
Rogers. Her father was a son of Aquilla 
and Nancy (.Vmold) Rogers, and her 
mother was a <laughter of Jacob R. Hall. 
Mr. and Mrs. Ellsworth have one daugh- 
ter, Harriet Louise. This daughter is now 
the wife of William M. Warren. Hy a 
former inarriatfe slie has a daughter. Mary 
Jane Burns. Mr. Weir is affiliated with 
LaPorte Lodge No. :]{)€}, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, and LaPorte 
Lodge No. 112, Knights of Pythias. 

Wiij.iAM Nn.i-><. Originally the Niles 
familv were Welsh. The first American 
ancestor of whom there is record was John 
Niles, who came to America in 1630 and 
scttb*<l at Dedham. Mas.sachusett8. In a 
later generation was Samuel Niles, also 
a native of Massachusetts, great-great- 
grandfather of William Niles. S^amuel 
Niles graduate<l from Ilanard College, in 
1731. and gaine<I distinction as a lawyer, 
.serving as judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas in Suffolk County, Massachusetts. 
He was also one of the twenty-eight coun- 
sellors who exercised the functions of local 
government Wfore the Constitution of the 
Cnited States was framed. 

In the next generation was Nathaniel 
Niles, who graduated from Princeton Col- 
lege and locattnl at West Fairlee. Ver- 
mont, where he was lawyer. prea«*her and 
farmer. He was a meinl>er of the Board 
of Truste<»s of Dartmouth Collecre, and la- 
ter was a representative in the Continental 
Congress. 11 is descendants have preserved 
an invitation whi«*h he receivcil to dine 
with (leneral Wa-shington. 



1384 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



His son, William Niles, who was bom 
at Fairl(»e, Orange County, Vermont, 
^aduatoil from Dartmouth College and 
waM an exception to most of the family 
in that he tlid not adopt a profession. He 
was a farmer and stock raiser at West 
FairliH\ Vermont. He married Relief Bar- 
n>n. 

John H. Niles, father of William Nilea, 
was one of the distinguished pioneers of 
the Northern Indiaim bar and also one of 

the earlv settlers of the Citv of I-^iPorte. 

» • 

He was l)orn at W<*st FairhH\ Vermont, 
in Sept(»ml)er. ISOS, and graduated from 
Dartmouth College in IS.U). After study- 
ing law ami heiiitr admitted to the bar he 
<*ame West on horseimek in IM'.i. He 
afterward t<»ld that his purpose was to 
aecpiire a ten-ai*n.» lot in Chicago. On his 
way he stopped at LaI*orte. and was .so 
pleased with tlu' country tliat his journey 
was neviT continued. He was one of the 
early lawyers of thi* city and became other- 
wise pn)minent in business and local af- 
fairs. In 1^(54 he hclpe<l organize the First 
Nati<inal Kank of I^aPorte. and he was a 
member of the Constitutional Convention 
of the state in IsriO. In numv other wavs 
his name is asscx'iated with the earlv his- 
tory of that city. He {\M at I>JiPorte, 
July 6. 1879. 

John B. Nilcs nmrrieil Mary I*olke. She 
was born at the historic Citv of Vin- 
cennes, Indiana, June i:{. ISll. and her 
anci»stry ami family history are fully as 
noteworthv as that of the Niles familv. 
th«' gcneal<H^y of the Polke family goes 
Imi'k to the midflle agi*s of old Kngland. 
There wcrr a numln'r of titled men named 
De INiIlok. as the name was spelb*4l for 
many giMicrations. There is record of a 
Sir Robert Dc Pollok who joinetl the 
Srot<'h C«iv«»nantcrs in 1<)40. Robert 
Hrucr I'ollok. a son n( Sir R«>lM»rt. was 
l)orn in Tounty Done^ral. Ireland, in MVM^, 
and in 1(172 he ami his wife, Magdalene, 
eame to America and setthMJ in Somerset 
County, Marylan*!. where he assumed the 
nametl of Robert Bruce Polke. In Mary- 
land he s4M*ur<'d patents to land fnMu lionl 
Baltimore. 

His Hi>n, William Bolke. Sr.. was bom 
in County D<uu'^l. Irelanii. and was 
brought to America by his parents. He 
also liought land, and after his father's 
d«'ath had chargi* of the l*i»lke estate in 
Maryland. Charity lN>lke. a son of William. 



Sr., was a native of Somerset County, Mary- 
land, and was father of Capt. Charles 
Polke. Capt. Charles Polke was bom In 
Fre<lerick County, Mar>']and, February 2, 
1745. His father, who had been an Indian 
trader on the Maryland frontier, died in 
1753. diaries Polke moved to West Vir- 
ginia, in the Panhandle along the Ohio 
River, settling (m Cross Creek near the 
present site of Wellsville, north of Wheel- 
ing. In I7S0, with his wife and two chil- 
dren, he fonned a colony, including his 
bn>thers, William, Kdmond and Thomas 
and a sister. Piety, and removed to Ken- 
tucky on flatboats. They located in what 
is now Nelson Ccmnty. The family for 
protection was established at Kincheloe's 
Station. Not long afterward Indians at- 
tacked and mas.sacred the greater part of 
the garrison. Mrs. Charles Polke and four 
children were made captives, and were 
taken by the Indians to the British Garri- 
son at Detroit. Mrs. Polke walked from 
the station to the Ohio River and from 
that |N»int ro<ie a horse to Detroit. 
Thnmgh the influence of a British trader 
she was ransomed, and allowed to write 
to her husband. V\Mm re<»eipt of the let- 
ter he went to Detroit, and returned with 
the family to Kentucky. All these and 
many other interesting facts of the early 
generations of the Polke family in Ken- 
tucky are recounted in Collins' History of 
Kentucky. 

The maiden name of this pioneer fron- 
tierswoman and wife of Capt. Charles 
polke was Delilah Tyler. She was born in 
Virginia, Febnmr>' 10, 1755, daughter of 
Kdward and Nancy (I^ngley) Tyler. She 
die<l in Shelby County. Kentucky, in 1797. 
at the age of forty-two. She was the 
mother of twelv«» children, one of whom 
was William Polke. maternal grandfather 
of Mr. William Niles. 

William Polke was Inirn in Brooke 
County, Virginia, now West Virginia* 
September 19. 1775. He was seven years 
of age wlu»n maile a prisoner by the In- 
dians, and <»ften n*eounte<l many of the 
incidents of that trage<ly. He accpiired a 
fair tMlueatitm. studieil law and was ad- 
mitted to the bar, anil remove*! to what 
is now Knox County, Indana, in 1806. A 
few years later he enlisted and servetl in 
the vo]untf*er army of frontiersmen under 
ficneral Harrison, and was wounded at 
the Batib- of Tip|NH*an(»e. In 1H16. when 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1385 



Indiana was admitted to the Union, he 
representetl Knox County as a delegate 
to the First Constitutional Convention. In 
1829, and for a number of years afterward, 
he was commissioner for the sale of the 
Michigan Road lands. In 1832 he estab- 
lished a farm where the Michigran Road 
crossed the Tippecanoe River, in Fulton 
County, his l)eing the first frame house 
on that roa<l north of the Wabash River, 
and widely known for many years to pio- 
neers as the White Iloasi*. In 1836 he 
had charge of the removal of the Potta- 
watomie Indians to the Indian Territory. 
He served as a member of the First State 
Senate, and was one of tlie commissioners 
in locating the state capitol at Coridon. 
Ilis name was prominent in the early his- 
torv of liaPorte Count v, since as an asso- 
ciate judge he opened the first court in 
that county. In 1841 he removcil to Fort 
Wayne to accept the position from Presi- 
dent Harrison as register of the land office. 
He died at Fort Wnync while fulfilling 
those duties April 26, i843. 

Such is a brief account of the ancestry 
of William Niles, who was l)oni at La- 
Porte, September 25, 1835. As a l)oy he 
attended private sch<M>]s in his native town, 
for one year was in Notre Dame I'niver- 
sity, and was also a student at the college 
at Urbana, Ohio. In 1857 he entered the 
junior class of Dartmouth College, where 
he was graduated in 1859. After return- 
ing home he t<K>k up the study of law un- 
der his father, aiul was admitted to the 
bar in 1861. He practiced law for s<ime 
years with his father, but gnulually gave 
over that profes.sion to devote his time to 
other affairs. He was one of the first sto<'k- 
holders in the First National Hank of La- 
Porte when it was organized in 1S64, his 
father l)eing one of th(» first din^'tors. He 
has l)een identified with that institution 
eontinuou.sly for over fifty years, and for 
many years has been its president. Mr. 
Niles was al.so one of the organizers of 
the I>aPorte Whe<»l (Nmipany, which was 
«ubse<|uently rtH)rganizcd as tlie Nilcs- 
S<H>tt Company, with liiin as president for 
several years. Mr. Niles is one of the ex- 
tensive land owners of Northern Indiana. 
having farms l>oth in LaPorte and Lake 
counties, including .some land whi(»h his 
father originally a<'quire«l from the state. 
Mr. Niles has always lH»en a rei)ublican, 
and is one of the lea<ling meml)ers of the 



New ('hurch (Swedenborgian) of LaPorte, 
and Ls prt^sident of its board of trustees. 

Mr. Niles has two daughters, Mary N. 
and Sarah Isabelle. Mary is the wife of 
Harr>' M. Haum. The mother of these 
children was Judith King Anderson. She 
and Mr. Niles were married Dei»ember 16, 
1885. She was bom in LaPorte County 
and died December 13, 1902. Her father, 
Robert Anderson, was a fanner in Scipio 
Township of I^Porte County, where Mrs. 
Niles was \yon\ February 28, 1849. She 
wa.s a woman of liberal education, having 
attende<l the common schools, the Hanover 
High School and Monmouth College in 
Illinois, and .spent two years in Europe 
in travel and study. Mrs. Niles was a 
much belovcil woman of LaPorte. She 
used her culture and abundant means to 
sustain many interests in artistic affairs 
an<l in practical charity. She kept a very 
ho.spitablc home, entertained many friends, 
and was a leader in musical circles. She 
was always faithful to the Pre»b\'terian 
Church in which she was rearetl, but after 
her marriage she attended (|uite regularly 
with her husband the New or Swcden- 
l)orgian Chureh. 

KRNi-i^T (f. Dr.NN. Jr.. is a civil engi- 
neer by profession, is the present comity 
surveyor af LaPorte County, and member 
of a family tliat has been identifie<l with 
the luml)er industry in Michigan and 
Northern Indiana for manv vears. 

He Wits lM)ni at Muskegon. Michigan, 
whieli was then at the heart of the great 
lumbtT manufacturing industry of that 
state. His grandfather was James Dunn, 
born in or near Plymouth, Kngland. One 
of his brothers came to the Cnited States, 
but his subse(|uent experiences are not now 
known. At the age of nine years James 
Dunn ran away from home and went to 
sea. He became an able seaman and la- 
ter was first mate of different vessels in 
the English m<»n'hant marine. He re- 
mained in that service until 1871. when 
he «ame to the Cnitctl States and lo<»ated 
at Chicago, wiu* in several lines of work 
in that city, an<l in 1888 moved to Muske- 
gon. Michigan, and from there, in 1896, 
transferred his home to Michigan City. In- 
diana, where he die<l in 1897, at the age 
of sixty-three. He married Emma Hoclui- 
day. a native of England. She died at 
Michigan City in 1917. 



1386 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Ernest G. Dunn, Sr., was the only child 
of his parents. He was borh at Torquay, 
Enfciand, and was eleven years old when 
bnmght to the l-nited States. He attended 
school in England and also in Chicago, 
and his first business experience was as 
bookkeeper with the Hickson store« the 
largest retail grocery store in the West. 
In 1888 he be<*ame a stockholder in the 
Maxwell Lumber Company of Muskegon, 
removing to that city, and for a number 
of years was secretary of the company. 
In 1896 he removed his home to Michigan 
(Mty, and in 190f) he and Mr. Maxwell 
bought the interests of the other stock- 
holders and have since conducted one of 
the large retail lunilH»r firms of Michigan 
City. E. 0. Dunn, Sr., married Leonora 
Oray, a native of Brown County, Indi- 
ana. Iler father, Ambrose Oray, was born 
in Connecticut of Mayflower ancestry, and 
was an early settler in Hrown County. Indi- 
ana. He married Sallie R. Gray, a native 
of Brown County, her parents having come 
from North Carolina, first settling in Ken- 
tucky and later moving to Brown County, 
Indiana. Ambrose Gray sensed an appren- 
ticeship at the spectacle making trade, and 
came to Indiana with his employer, who 
established a specta«»le factory in Brown 
County. This was the first industry' of its 
kind in the West, and it did not long con- 
tinue. E. (t. Dunn and wife had eight 
children: Emma, who died at the age of 
twenty. f(nir. Eunice. Ernest (i., Chester. 
Mabel, II(»wanl, and Marion and Dorothy, 
twins. 

EriH»st ii. Dunn. Jr.. graduated from 
thi* Mi<*higan (*ity High Si'h(H»l and then 
enttTtMl tlie !'niv»»rsity of Michigan at 
Ann .\riH)r. lli» t<»ok the course of civil 
engin«M»riiii:. anil on Icavinir the univer- 
sity wrnt Wfst. ti» l*4»rtlantK <)n»gon, and 
put in a year as a t«NH'h«»r. lie returned 
to Indiana to btM-oim* idt'iititicd with the 
new Citv of Oarv. and fnr thre«' vears 
was (MiinicftCfl witli tln» ♦•mriii«M»rinir de- 
partment of that nnHii<'i[»aIity. and helped 
in laying out and buililiiiir simie of the 
improvements \vhi«'h nia^le that tr»\vn not- 
alile among the eitii»s of the Mi'hlle West. 
From Oary Mr. Dunn retunwNl ti» .Mi^-hi- 
gan rity. and for four years serve<l as 
eity fivi! engineer. In OetnInT, l!*!**. he 
was app«>iiit4*d county *.urveynr to fill an 
unexpin-d term, and his appointiiieiit \va«i 



confirmed by popular election in Novem- 
ber of the same year. 

In 1911 he married Miss Clarriet Wil- 
helm, a native of LaPorte, and daughter 
of Frederick and Mary Wilhelm. Mr. 
and Mrs. Dunn have one daughter, 
Leonora. Mr. Dunn is a member of the 
Episcopal Church, and member and past 
chancellor of Qtkvy Lodge, Knights of 
Pythias. 

WnxjAM Ad.vms Mabtin during a long 
and active career has identified himself 
with many of the leading enterprises of 
LaPorte. He is a manufacturer and bank- 
er and an official in several public utility 
plants in the northern part of the state. 

His early youth connected him with pio- 
neer times in this part of the Middle West. 
An indication of this is that he was born 
in a log cabin in Three Oaks Township 
of Berrien County, Michigan. Nearly all 
the homes in that community at the time 
were log cabins, and a log house was by 
no means an indication of poverty. 

His Martin ancestors were numbered 
among the first settlers of New Jersey. His 
grandfather, Isaac Webb Martin, was bom 
near Woodbridge, Middlesex County, 
New Jersey, Januar>' 14, 1781, and be- 
came a shoemaker. That was a very im- 
portant trade at the time, since all shoes 
were made by hand and to order, and he 
also combined with skill at this art the 
weaving of fine linen. His account book 
dating from 1812 to 1837 is still carefully 
pres4*rvc<l by a granddaughter. From 
Middlesex County he moved to Succa- 
sunna. in Morris County, New Jersey, 
where he bought a farm, part of which 
is now ineluded in the village. He lived 
there and rais4*d a family of eleven chil- 
dren, eight sons and three daughters, and 
then went out to join some of his chil- 
dren at Oxford. Ohio, where he die<l. The 
maiden name of his wife was Alice AdamA. 
She was of the same family that gave this 
eountry two of its most distinguishes^] presi- 
dents. Her father. Matthew Adams, 
fought as an American soMier in the Kevo- 
luti«>n. Isnae Webb Martin and wife had as 
-stateil eight ^ions aoil thre* tlaiitrhters. Mrs. 
Martin inoveil with her son. Slierwoo*!, to 
Berrien t'nunty. Miehigan. where she (lieil 
at the ripe air** of ninety>one years. 

Kheiie/er Sh<»rw«NH| Martin was born in 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1387 



Hunterdon County, New Jersey, January 
11, 1816. He was reared and educated 
in his native state and served an appren* 
tieeship to the mason *s trade. In 1838, 
after his marriage, he moved out to Ox- 
ford, Ohio, and in 1846 made a further 
progress westward with his wife and three 
children, embarking his goods on a wagon 
and directing his team overland on the 
journey to Berrien County in the extreme 
southwest corner of Michigan. lie made 
the journey with wagon and team in the 
absence of any other means of transpor- 
tation, since no railroad was completed 
through this part of the Middle West for 
several years. lie bought a trai*t of land 
in Three Oaks Township, near the Indiana 
state line. The only improvements on that 
land were a log cabin and a few acres of 
cleared ground and a small orchard. Here 
he resumed his trade and at the same time 
superintended the further improvement of 
his land. In 1896 he retired from his 
Michigan farm and came to LaPorte, where 
he died in 1903. On January 19, 1836, he 
married Miss Rachel Ilarland. She was 
bom at Elizabethtown, Ni?w Jexfiey, Sep- 
tember T, 1815, daughter of Captain 
Stephen and Elizabeth (Ilcdcn) Ilarland. 
For many years her father commanded 
a boat engaged in the traffic up and down 
the Hudson River. This venerable river 
captain died at the ape of ninety-six. E. 
Sherwood Martin and wife had the follow- 
ing children: ElizaWth, Alice, Isaac W., 
Stephen H., ^Villianl Adams, Abram F. 
and John E. 

William Adams Martin attended the 
rural schools near his father's farm in 
Southwestern Michigan and also had the 
lienefit of attcn(lan(»e at Carlisle College. 
His traininir in carlv youth was sufficient 
to inculcate in him habits of industry an<l 
integrity and jraye him the ^rood constitu- 
tion which has einihled him to maintain 
heavy busin«'ss rcsponsiltjlitjes for half a 
century or m<»re. 

Mr. .Martin came to La}*nrte in isr)^. 
His first emplnyiiH'nt was as rh-rk in a 
clothing ston*. II«' «Muitiinic.l that rou- 
tine m'cupatinn for t< n mmkn. In l^TtJ 
he was nia«lc dcputv coniitv tri^asurcr and 
held that olVn-e f.ir fJL'ht \cars. In 1.sn4 
he was eh'ctfd «M»uiit\- TrcaNurcr, and sfrvcd 
for two years. Siin*»» Iravint' puMi** utVn-e 
Mr. Martin has ]u'*>]\ primarily idt'ntiticd 
with pnl»lic utilitifs. parti«Milarly jras in- 



dustries. He is now president of the La- 
Porte Gas and Elei'tric Company, presi- 
dent of the Rochester Qas and Coke Com- 
pany, president of the Greencastle Gas and 
Electric Company, president of the John 
Hilt Ice Company, and a director of the 
First National and the State Bank of La- 
Porte. In various ways his influence and 
means have been a contribution to the 
general welfare of his community. He is 
president of the Hoard of Trustees of the 
Old Ladies' Home at IiaPorte, and he and 
his wife are active members of the Chris- 
tian Chun*h and he has sensed that church 
for several years as elder. 

June 7, 1886, Mr. Martin married Re- 
becca Elizabeth Drummond. She was 
bom at Rolling Prairie in I>aPorte County, 
daughter of John and Orilda (Bowell) 
Drummond. Mr. and Mrs. Martin have an* 
interesting family of children, John Gor- 
don, Thomas Foster, Rachel Orilda and 
Ruth Drummond. 

John Gordon, the oldest, was bom 
November 25, 1887, gra<luated from the 
LaPorte High School and Cornell Univer- 
sity, and is a practical engineer now super- 
intendent of his father's gas plant and 
lives at Rochester. He married Mildred 
PheiflTer, and has a son, John Gordon, Jr. 

Thomas Foster Martin, Iwm November 
6, 1889, is a graduate of the LaPorte High 
S<'h(Hd and of Michigan Tniversity, and 
is now .mrrctary and treasurer of the John 
Ililt lee Company. lie marrie<l Aldyth 
Frederickson and has a daughter, Ada 
Elizabeth. 

Rachel Martin, born February 20, 1891, 
after complt»tinfr the rourse of the I>aPorte 
Ilijrh Seliool. entered Wells College at 
Aurora, New York, of wliirh she is a gradu- 
ate. She is the wife of Kenneth ()slK>rne 
of LiiI*ort(». 

Ruth .Martin. lM>rn Fehnmry 20, 1892, 
;rradnat«»d from the LaPorte Ilifrh SclicKd 
and fnun liarinird Collejre, the woman's 
dcpartnient of Columbia I'niversity. and 
is now usinir her talt»nts and education in 
th»» service of the government. 




1388 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



New Church at LaPortc. He was the 
father of four koiih, all of whom have been 
eminent in some special line. One of them 
is Charles K. W'eller, who learned teleg- 
raphy as a boy, and later was one of the 
tirst men in the Middle West to become 
an expert in the new art of phonography, 
l)etter known now as stenography, and for 
many years was a successful court report- 
er in St. Ijouik. He is now living at La- 
Porte and is secretary of the National 
Shorthand Reporters ' Asso<*iation. 

Hev. Henry Weller, his father, was bom 
at Battle Ahlnn-, England, in 1801. He 
had a g<MHl literary education and early 
be<'ame attracted to religious thought. He 
joined a s(K»iety known as **Free Think- 
ing Chri.stians** and at the age of fifteen 
delivered his first religious discourse at 
Hastings, England. His brother, John, 
came to America an<l settled at New York 
City, and for some years operate<l a cafe 
on Hn)adway. whirh was patronized by 
nmny of thr wealthy people of that city. 
His brother, Thomas, was a pioneer set- 
tler in (*alhoun County, Michigan, improv- 
ing a farm there and spending his last 
years retired at Marsliall. A sister mar- 
ries! Rev. Thomas Hricher. a Cnitarian 
preacher, and lived at Newburyport, 
)IasKachu.setts. 

Rev. Henry Weller brought his family 
to Ameri«'a in 1^37, and after two years 
in New York City removed to Marshall, 
Michigan, in W\9. That was still a pio- 
neer community and he enteretl actively 
upon the task of making a home in the 
wilderness. He also preached at various 
hx'aliticH. In 1H40 he l)ecame attracted to 
tlM* |>hilosophy of Emanuel Swedenborg, 
and from that time until his death was an 
eanu»st expounder of the faith of the 
Chun'h of the New Jerusalem. In 1850 
he ma«le his first visit to LaPorte, and be- 
gan the formation of the New Church, 
iKMUg its tirst minister. He also built up 
a society of the same rhun»h at Grand 
Rapids, Michigan. From that city he 
brought his family to LaPorte in 1853. 
He also ftmndeil in that year a periodi- 
cal called The Crisis, which was an ably 
e<lite<l magazine, published in the interests 
of the New Church. Later its name was 
change<I to The New Church Independent, 
ami it was moved to Chicago, where it en- 
joyed a prosperous existencr for many 
years. Besides the great work he did as 



a minister Rev. IIenr>' Weller served dur- 
ing 1863-64 as chaplain of the Eighty- 
Seventh Indiana Infantry, and all the sur- 
vivors of that regiment spoke kindly and 
had a grateful memory of the chaplain. Rev. 
Mr. Weller died June 7, 1868, from dis- 
ease contracted in the army. His home 
for a number of years was on Stone Lake, 
about a mile north of I^aPorte, a place 
since known as Weller s Grove. Rev. 
Henry Weller married at Hastings, Eng- 
land, September 20, 1826, Miss Caroline 
Stevens. She was born in Brighton, Eng- 
land, and was the only member of her 
father s family to come to America. Her 
two brothers were named David and Wil- 
liam. She had a sister, Harriet, who mar- 
ried Charles Cade. Mrs. Caroline Weller 
died at Chicago. She was the mother of 
four sons: John S., William H., Alfred 
antl Charles E. John S. became a promi- 
nent newspaper man at LaPorte and later 
was in business at Chicago until his death. 
William H. also learned the printer's 
trade, later l>ecame a telegrapher, and for 
a number of years servetl as chief train 
dispat<»her on the westeni division of the 
Lake Shore Railroad. He died at LaPorte 
in IIKK). Alfred also learned telegraphy, 
and had many responsible positions in that 
work, having been manager of the Western 
Cnion telegraph office for over forty years 
at .Milwaukee, Wis<*onsin. 

(*harles E. Weller, youngest son of Rev. 
Henry Weller. was l>orn in a log house 
near .Marshall, Michigan, in 1840. He at- 
tendee! the nrral schools of Calhoun Coun- 
ty, and at the age of twelve years began 
working in his father's printing office. A 
year later he l>e<*ame a telegraph messen- 
ger, and whiJe thus employe<l at I^aPorte 
learne«l the art of telegraphy. Subse- 
quently he was assigned to open the rail- 
road station of the Michigan Southern 
Railway at Coldwater, Michigan, and for 
three* years had assignments in the rail- 
way s«»rvice at Coldwater, South Bend, 
\yhite Pigeon and Toledo. His last posi- 
tion in the railway service was in the office 
of Charles Minot, resident manager of the 
Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Rail- 
way Company at Chicago. In 1858. and 
following that, he was in the Western 
Cnion office at Milwaukee, of which his 
brother, Alfred, was manager. During the 
Civil war he had charge of the telegraph 
office at Madison, Wisconsin. 




ULomJuo^, Jj?b aiu£4 . 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1391 



of Bull Run, because he refuited to leave 
the woundeil on the field, and was captured 
a fiecond time at Gettysburg. After Ap« 
pomattox he was coininiKsioned surgeon of 
the One Hundred and Forty -sixth Indiana, 
and as muNtered out with the regiment in 
September, 1865. Twenty years later he 
wan appointe<i president of the Board of 
Kxamining Surgeons of the Pension De- 
partment for Southeastern Indiana, which 
office he held until his death July 20. 1887. 
He was one of the organizers of the Dear- 
boni County Medical Society, and became a 
member of the State Medical Society in 
ISf)!. He was a devote<l Presbyterian and 
an elder in that church. Of his seven chil- 
dren. the oldest son was Matthias Loring 
Haines. 

Matthias Tx)ring Haines was bom at 
Aurora, Indiana, May 4, 1850. After pri- 
mary education in the common schools of 
Rising Sun and the high school of Aurora, 
Indiana, he entered in 1867 Wabash Col- 
leee, from which he graduated in 1871. 
He then went to the Union Theological 
Seminar>' of New York City and graduated 
there in 1874. He was at once called to 
the pastorate of the Dutch Reformed 
Church at Astoria New York, then a 
suburb of Brooklyn, now included in 
Greater New York, where he sened most 
acceptably for eleven rears. In the sprinsr 
of 1885 he was unanimously calletl to the 
First Presbvterian Church at IndiRnapolis. 
and began his work there on April 1st of 
that year. It was a position that nut him 
to the test. The nulnit had iust been va 
cated by the brilliant M>'ron B. Reed, and 
there were manv who nredicted that it 
would be '*hard to fill bis shoes." It was 
not long, however, until it was obsen'cd 
that the new nastor bad sho<*s of his own 
that were to fho satisfnction of his congre- 
srat'on and of the nnblic. 

He annamntU- felt a need for beln at 
the outs**t. for he posted off to New York 
«nd on Mav 7. 18^5. wedded Miss Sarah 
Ti. Konwenhoven of Astoria, whose charm 
and tact added materiallv to his popularitv 
in his new charsre. She is one of the oldest 
of the Knickerbocker families, a daughter 
of Francis D. and Harriet Kouwenhoven. 
The Kouwenhoven ancestry came to Amer- 
ica from Holland in lfi30. 

Th** First Presbvterian Church is one of 
the oldest in Indianapolis, beinsr oreanized 
July 5. 1823. and though preceded in or- 



ganization by the Methodists and the Bap- 
tists, haxl the tirst church building in the 
city — a one-8tor>' frame building that stood 
on the west side of Pennsylvania Street 
alH)ve Market, where the Vajen Block is 
now located. In 1843 the congregation re- 
movetl to a more pretentious building at 
Monument Place and Market, the present 
site of the American (Vntral Life Building. 
In 1866 they occupied a new building at 
the southwest comer of Pennsylvania and 
New York streets and in 1903 came to the 
present church at Sixteenth and Delaware 
streets. Naturally it included many nota- 
bles in its membership in its history, and 
during the pastorate of Doctor Haines there 
were (lovcrnors Haker and Mount, I*re«i- 
dent Benjamin Harrison and Attorney 
General ^iiller, as well as many others of 
prominence and influence. Doctor Haines 
was the pastor of the humblest member of 
his flock as fully as to these. At one of 
the church socials President Harrison said: 
'*I thank Ood for a pa.stor who preaches 
Christ crucified, and never says a foolish 
thing"; and John H. Holliday adde<l to 
this. **and never does a foolish thing." 

While Doctor Haines has given satisfac- 
tion as a preacher, it is his personality that 
has ifiven him his hold on men. for his 
kindly and sympathetic nature attract all 
who come in contact with him. In the 
natural and spontaneous expression of 
these qualities he is an interesting example 
of the eflfect of Hoosier life on New En(r- 
land character. On Christmas Day, 1816, 
his jrrandfather an<l grand-uncle wrote 
from Risincr Sun to their pan»nts advising 
them of their safe arrival in their new 
home. They began the letter. '* Honored 
Parents" and closed it **Your Obedient 
Sons.'* It is simply impossible to imagine 
Doctor Haines so wording a letter to any- 
one dear to him. Of course it is a matter 
of form, but it illustrates the contrast be- 
tween the repression of New En inland and 
the vent to the emotions of the West, which 
are set forth as the distinguishing charac- 
teristics of the two in the chapter on 
IToo«?ier ChRracter elsewhere in this pub. 
lication. While holdine closely to the 
proprieties in the pulpit. Doctor Haines 
irives rein to his genial humor on appro- 
priate occasions : and is noted as a felicitous 
after-dinner speaker. He has reached the 
hifirhevt degree in amiability — the children 
love him. 



1392 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



During his pastorate of a third of a cen- 
tury, the longest in tlie history of the 
f'hun'li, D<K*tor IIaim*s lias been failed to 
hroad servi<*e. He was for ten years a 
niemlMT of the Presbyterijui Board of Aid 
for Colleges and A<*ademu*s; a direetor of 
Lane Theologieal Seminar}*; a trustee of 
Wabash Collrire; a member of the exeeutive 
<M)mmittee of Wimnia T«M*hni<'al Institute; 
a flirector «)f Winona Assembly. In the 
public* ai*tivitirs of the city he suecretle*! 
Rev. ()s<*ar i\ .MeCulbk'h as president of 
thi* Indianapolis Henev4)lent Soeiety and 
('ontinu«Ml in that oftirt* for more than 
twnity-fiv*' y<»ars. II«» was the first presi- 
tb*nt of till' Indianapolis Sumin«T Mission 
for Sick Childn'n, and a member of the 
Hoanl of tin* Kret' KindtTgarten Society. 
Ill* srrved as prfsidfiit of the lndianap(»Iis 
Literary Sorirty. and was a member of tin* 
romu»itt<»t» of five from th<» Commercial 
Club that drafted tlu- Park Law of ISIMJ. 
1 1 is dfirni* of 1). I), was conferred upon 
him bv Waiuish College in li^S(|. 

|)o<*tor antl Mrs. Haines hav«» two chil- 
dren : Lyiliji Rapelyc. ))orn S«'ptember 9. 
iSHf), and married on April 26, 1!ML to 
William Pii'rsoii Higirs. of Tumansburk?. 
New York : and Julia L^tring. born Januarx- 
24. 1SS9. antl marrietl on (MoImt 24. 1916, 
to Dr. .John Alexander MeDoindd. of 
Indianapolis. 

KiiKNKJ^KR DiMONT, soldier and eongr«*ss- 
man. was born at Vevay. Indiana. Nt)vem- 
I»er 2i^ 1S14. 1 1 is education was chiefly 
by his mother, the talented Julia L. Du- 
moiit : anil he reati law with his father. 
Ueii. John Dumont. He engag«'<l in prac 
tiee in DearlMirn County, but with some in- 
terruptions. He was the first priiii'ipal of 
the old Marion County Seminary, in is.'d- 
6; stat«» repH'sentative in lS:iS; treasurer 
of Vi»vav ls:i9-4ri; lieutenant-coloiM'l of 
voluntt-ers in the Mexican war: state rep- 
rpMMitative in Is.'iO and l^-VJ; presi«lential 
elector on the Pierce ticket in 1>^.V2; presi- 
dent of the State Hank of Iniliana. l>^r>3.7. 
He voluntciTi'd at the outbreak of the Civil 
war. jind waN made folmiel of the Seventh 
Indiana Uegiin*-nt ; pri»moted brigadier- 
gi'Ucr^d September :l. !**•>! : resign»»il Feb- 
ruary 2**. 1M»:{; etect«*tl as a unituiist to 
the Thirty-KiL'hth ami Thirty Ninth Con- 
gn'ss«»s ■ 1.M»:{.7 . He tlieil at Indianapolis. 
April 16, ls71. Sht»rlly lH»fore his death 



he was appointed governor of Idaho, but 
did not serve. 

(ieneral Dumont was a talented speaker, 
and a sueeessful lawyer, espeeially etTeetive 
l)efore a jury. He was regarded as some- 
what ^veentrie. On arriving at his ma- 
jority, he publiely announced himself a 
democrat, much to the disgust of his 
father, wh«» was a prominent whig. He 
maintained his party allegianee until the 
beginning of the Civil war. As a soldier 
he sh<»wed admirable qualities, but was 
forced to retire from active service on ac- 
count of p(M)r health. 

KNRigrK (*. MnJ*KR is president of the 
Miller- Baldwin Company, wholesale jew- 
elers uf Indianapolis. Mr. Miller has been 
a prominent business man of that eity for 
over thirty years and is largely responsible 
for the extensive and honoreil eonneetion 
of his firm with this and other states. 

Mr. Miller has a very interesting lineage 
and familv hist4)ry. He was l>oni in old 
Mexico, in Chihuahua, June 18, 1S49. His 
father. Samuel Miller, who was l)orn and 
reared in Pennsylvania, was one of those 
hardy, adventunms spirits who found the 
l>est .satisfactions of life in enduring the 
perils and n^ighness of the far west. When 
s<»an*ely more than a lM)y he left eomfort, 
home and friends and started west over 
the traekless wilds. In the Mississippi 
valley he joinetl a earavan l)Ound for Santa 
Fe. He reaehe<l there after many troubles 
with the Indians and from there went to 
Chihuahua, where he l>eeanie a men*haiit. 
In Mexico he marrietl a lady of Spanish 
an<*estry. Martina Avila. They lived in 
Chihuahua some years, but in 1859, owing 
to the lawless conditions whieh existed 
thoughout the country largely as a result 
of the war betwwn the Cnited States and 
Mexico. Samuel Miller brought his family 
east and for some years lived in I^ogan and 
(*ham|>aign counties. Ohio. He ha<l by' 
no means satiated hims(4f with the life 
of the West. It was in fact an intimate 
part of his character antl after a few years 
he left the ipiiet and rather tame scenes of 
Ohio and rt*turn(*<l to old Mexico in 1883. 
After that he was engageil in banking 
at Parral initil his death in 1902. 

Knri<iuc C. Miller is one of the two sur- 
viving chiMren of a family of six. He waa 
reare<l in (Miio from the age of ten yearn 
and graduatt*«l from Kenyon College at 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1393 



CambrHT in 1S71. lie was not of robust 
ronstituti(»ii. aiul th«Teforo did not (*n(^cr(* 
artively in Imsiness until 1H76, when he 
ranie to Indianapolis. Here he worketl as 
rierk in a U\\\k until failinp health eaune<l 
his return to Ohio. While there he souf^ht 
the einpl4»ynient o*" a farm anil gradually 
jrainrd that strenjrth an<l eonstitution 
which has fortitie<l him tlirou^h in<»re than 

thirtv vi-ars of enntinuous artivitv in busi- 

• • • 

ness affairs at Indianapolis. 

In l.**^l Mr. Miller inarriinl Miss Sallie 
M. Maldwin. daujrhter of Silas Baldwin 
nf Tol«»do. oliin. Two years later, with 
his father-in-law, Mr. Miller foundeil the 
tirm J»f Uahlwin. Milhr & C'<nnpany, out 
t»f whieh has been develc»ped the pn*sent 
wholesah* jewelry house of the Baldwin- 
Miller ('i»nipany. Mr. Miller is now and 
for a nundnT of years has been aetive head 
of this business. 

He is a vestryman of St. I^aul's Kpis<*o- 
pal rhureh, is a republican in politi<'s, 
anil is a memlH»r of the Masonic fraternity 
an<l of various civic and so<'ial orffaniza- 
tions. Mrs. Miller is a woman of superior 
mental and artistic talent and is well 
kn(»wn in s<»le<*t cireh»s as a vo<*alist. Mr. 
and Mrs. Miller have two children, Mar- 
rian and LeRov Baldwin Miller. The 
dau^rhter marrieil Handall Felix (ie«ldes. 
They have two children. Randall Felix. 
Jr., anti Marrian. 

('iiAKLM< M. (*K()>s, a resident (»f Indian- 
ai>olis f<ir thirty-five years, has had prrow- 
in^r business relations with th<' city and 
for over twentv vears has been a faetor 
in real estate <'ireles. He is head of the 
Charles .M. Cross and Company, with 
officios on North Meridian Street. 

Mr. (Yfiss was born at Alexandria in 
Iluntinfrdnn County. Pennsylvania, March 
1. lHr>7. son of Benjamin and Mary (Saner^ 
Cross. His parents were l)otli natives of 
Pennsylvania, his father l»ein>r a carpenter 
antl building contractor. He was a highly 
respected man in the community where he 
lived, and cbisely attachnl to friends and 
ho!iio. He was a meml»er of the (lernian 
Keforme<l Church, of the Independent 
Onler of Odd Fellows, and a demo^Tatie 
voter. Of tive children fi»ur are still liv- 
infr. 

(*harles M. Chks, next to the younjrpst 
amon^ the children, was e<lueated in the 
public sehools of his native village, but 



fn»m the ajre of fifteen has depended upon 
his own resources aiul askc^i for nothing 
which he could not earn and which he did 
not (b»serve. While selling ^Hxis on the 
roail he earned the moiiev sufficient to 
stmly for two years at Mereersbunr A<»ad- 
t»my. in Pennsylvania, and for another 
two years at HeiileUxrir College at Tiffin, 
Ohio. .Mr. <Voss was a traveling sales- 
man for a number (»f years and in 1882 
moved his headtpiarters to Indiana|>oli8. 
He rcpn'scntivl a larpre wholesale (*igar 
hoUs«» and for M*veral years ha<l cliarge 
of the rifjrar dc[)artmcnt of Schnidl and 
Company. He subs4'<|uently IsMiirht that 
l»usiness and (M»nductcd it succ4»ssfidlv for 
thrt4» vears. 

» 

In the meantime lie had l>ecome aasoei- 
ated with his old frienil Alexander R. 
Shn»yer in snbdividiiifr and selling a traet 
of thirty-four acn»s known as Charles M. 
Cross Trustee's ClifT(»rd Avt»nuc Addition 
to the (*ity of Indianapolis, and that was 
his first experience in real (estate. Sinee 
that initial succi»ss Mr. Cross has been 
handling many parcels of valuable prop- 
erty in and around Indianapolis both for 
himself and otliers, and has perfected an 
or^rani/ation that is one of the lK*st in 
Indianapolis real estate circh-s. 

Mr. Cross is a Knijrht Templar and 
thirty-s<»con<l d<*jrnN' Se<»ttish Kite Mason, 
a member of the Mystic Shrine, and is an 
independent democrat. He met his wife 
at Hei<lelberfr C<»llejre in Tiffin. Ohio, of 
which institution she is a graduate. They 
were married at Tiffin April 24, 1H8:{. Mrs. 
Cn>ss lH»fore her marriape was Miss Laura 
liott. To their union were bom five chil- 
<lren : Harry K., In^rn in February, 1884, 
has attained the rank <)f major in the army 
in France; Jessie M., who liecame Mrs. 
Townsend and died in Oetol>er, 1918; 
Charlies M.. who died while a young busi- 
ness man at Indianapolis: Helen Ida; and 
Donald Frederick, deeease<l. 

Arthur T. Wkli^j. For alwrnt half a 
century the name Wells has had a signifi- 
cant place in the business history of Mun- 
cie. and its many honorable a.ss<H*iations 
are the result of the enterprise of two 
generations. 

It was in Muneie that Arthur T. Wells 
was horn January 7. 1875. His birthplace 
was the site now occupied by his model 
and flouriahing laundry businen, the plant 



i:m 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



of tli«» AiiHTiran Laundry havinp l)een 
Imilt where the old Wells homestead form- 
erly stooil. He is a son of Andrew Thomas 
and Eliza J. (Hrunson^ Wells, the former 
a native of Allen County, Indiana. Andrew 
T. Wells was a pioneer manufacturer of 
tinware at Muncie. He was in that busi- 
ness for over thirty-five years. From a 
small he^inninfir he developed a very preten- 
tious establishment, and after his death it 
was (continued by his son. When he ))ef;an 
manufarturini; tinware It was eustomary 
for his (^xkIs to >)e plaethl in wapons and 
pe<ldled over the eountr>\ the tinware be- 
inp ex<'hanped alonj? the roiul for proiluce, 
poultry anti other iiierehandis** of all kinds. 
In this way the output of a shop eontained 
in a single nmin was iiiereased until the 
businesK lHH*ame an important industrial 
establishment at Minirie. The late Mr. 
Wells was thus a fai'tor in the pn>wth of 
Munrle from a small village to a eity of 
over I{(),<HH). He was su<M»«>ssful, and a 
man who enjoyeil and well meritetl the 
esteem paid him. His prosperity enabled 
him to leave a small fortune to his ehil- 
dren. two in numln'r, a son and daughter, 
lK»th now living in Muneie. 

Arthur T. Wells attended the publie 
s(*h(M)ls to the ap' of sixtiMMi and lived 
at home with his parents until he was 
ninete<Mi. For several vears he was ass<H»l- 
ateil with his father in the tinware busi- 
iH'ss. and he is still operating that in ron- 
net-tion with oth«T interests. In WHM) he 
engap'd in the laundry business, and that 
expanded so rapidly that he was eompelled 
to remove to larger quarters. In 19<>r>. 
therefore. h«» rrefted a large <'Oin»n*te luiild- 
ing 4.') l»y 120 feet <m the site of the old 
hontestead. antI e4{uippe<l It with the tuost 
in<Hlern and perfiM't machinery anti facili- 
tit*s fi»r lauiuiry work. The American 
laundry is no Iongt*r a merely bs-al enter- 
prise, and in eonn^vtion with its ilry elean- 
ing and n-novating department it has 
agentii's all «»ver the towns ami eommuni- 
ti4*s tributary to Muni*ie iMith in Ohio and 
Indiana, and (»n the basis (»f a thoroughly 
n»liabl«» anil appreciative serviiv the busi- 
n«»si* is irp»wing rvery year. 

.Mr. Wfljs is a man of eminent publie 
spirit, and has Ihn^u idi*ntiti(Nl with many 
of X\u^v nioveiiHMits which rt'tltH't the pn^. 
perity and progress of Muneie. Like his 
father he is an anient demo<*rat. and has 
hclpeti his party whenever possible. He 



served as a meml)er of the City Council 
four years. He is a director of the West- 
em Reserve Life Insurance Company, and 
fraternally is affiliated with the Knights 
of Pythias and the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. May 4. 1904, Mr. 
Wells married MLss Minnie Adair, who is 
of Scotch- Irish ancestrj-. 

J.\MK8 Cl.\y Ri*RTON is an Indiana busi- 
ness man, and recently became manager 
of the Fear-Campbell Company's plant at 
Elwood. 

Mr. Kurton was bom at Ekin, Tipton 
County, Indiana, October 25, 1885, a son 
of Henry M. and Margaret (Scott) Burton. 
He is of Irish ancestry, his great-grand- 
father Burton having come from Ireland 
to this count r>' in the early days. 

James C. Burton attenifed school in the 
country and had one year in the Tipton 
High School. He filled in all the intervals 
not in s<*hool with work on the home farm, 
an<l for a time he followed agriculture 
as a regular vocation. His tendencies were 
toward a commercial line, and he found 
his early opportunities at Kkin. where he 
was employed with the firm of Joyce and 
Burton and later with A. L. Joyce. He 
was in busin(*ss at Kkin for nine or ten 
years, and on ()ctol)er 22, 1917, came to El- 
woo<l as manager of the local business of 
the Fear-CampMl Company. 

Mr. Burton Is an energetic business man 
and has many wami friends in liusiness and 
social circles. He is affiliateil with the 
Inde|>endent Onler of Odd Fellows, Itn- 
proved Onler of Re<l Men, also the Daugh- 
ters of Kel>ekah at Ekin, is a member of the 
First diristian Church and in politicks is 
a demcHTat, In 1912 he marrie<l Miss 
Hazel 1). Fox. daughter of I^wis and 
Frances rS^-ott) Fox of Ekin. They have 
one son. Edwin Ellesworth. 

O. N. Mc(V)RMirK. One of the interest- 
ing industries of Indiana and a business 
that means much to the material welfare 
of the Town of Albany is the kitchen 
«*abinet and household ware factory of the 
McComiick Brothers at that town. 

The Met ormlcks as a fatnily have long 
U»en identified with wochI working an<l 
other lines of manufacture, and their en- 
teq>ri»M» has meant as much If not more 
than anything else to give Alluiny its in- 
dustrial pn»minence. O. X. McComiick 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1395 



was l>orii at Fairbury, Illinois, January 
21. 1865, a mu of Ro))ert K. and Amanda 
W. (Dixon) Mo('omiick. Rolyert McCor- 
ini<*k wa« lx)rn in Adams County, Ohio, 
and when two years of a(re accompanied his 
parents, .lames MeConnick and wife, to 
Illinois. lie frrew up in that state and after 
his marriage l)Ought a farm in McLean 
(Ininty, near Fairbury. That was the 
family home for seven years, and another 
seren years were spent on a farm five 
miles south of Rloominfrton. The family 
then movcHi to Champaign, Illinois, later 
to Kansas, but after a brief experience 
in the Sunflower state returned east and 
Robert XlcCormick was for fifteen years 
a fanner in Brown County, Ohio. 

About that time Robert McCormick and 
other members of the family enpiged in 
the manufacture of washboards untier the 
name of the Standard Manufacturinjf Com- 
pany. After about six years, attracted 
by cheap fuel furnished by the natural 
gHH wells in Delaware (*ounty, Indiana, 
they moved all their ecjuipment and ma- 
chinery* to Eaton, the pioneer j^as town 
of the state. Cnder the same name they 
continued the business there until the ex- 
hausti(»n of natural pas, when the concern 
moved to Albany. Here McConni«*k & 
Sons continued manufacturinpr. and with 
the retirement of the father the name of 
the business was chanired to Mc(*ormick 
Brothers Company. They have carried on 
an extensive manufacturing enterprise, 
es|>ecially in making kitchen cabinets. They 
also have in their present output ten nov- 
elty lines of manufacture for household 
use. Every month the firm ships several 
carloads of goods, an<l the distribution of 
their cabinets and other commmlities have 
a wide range. How im|>ortant the factory 
is to th«» Town of Albany is indicated by 
the fart that the weekly payroll is about 
:>2.1(K). The plant mvupies an entire 
s*|uare of land, some of the buildings orig- 
inally having In^n pun»hase<l by the com- 
pany and moved to this location. By the 
installation of mo<lern machinery and other 
up-to-date equipment the plant is now 
on«> of the most complete and l)est of its 
kind in the state. 

Mr. O. N. MrCormick is not only a good 
busiiH'ss man and manufacturer but a pub- 
lic Hpiritcd citizen of his home locality. 
He is afliliattNl with Anthony Lo<ltre No. 
171. Ancient Fn»e and Accepted Masons, 



is a meml)er of the Christian Church, is 
an active temperance worker and a re- 
publican. October 2, 1902, in Elk County. 
Kansas, he married Miss Delia Young, 
daughter of Dr. B. F. Young of Kansas. 
Three children were bom to their mar- 
riage, the two now living being Marsh 
I).. Imrn November 26. 19()3, and Florence 
Alerie. born September 17, 1906. 

ARTHra Flktciibr II.xll. Fort Wayne 
is the home of several industries and or- 
ganizatitms of prominence, and not least 
among these is the Lincoln National Life 
Insurance Company, of which Arthur Hall 
is vice president and general manager. 
Founded at Fort Wayne in 1905, the power 
of the organization represented in a great 
volume of assets, insurance in force, and 
nuHlern liberal policies consistent with all 
the standards that have guaranteed the 
success and se(»urity of the best old line 
companies, all reflect the encrgj' and pro- 
gressivencss of Mr. Hall, who has been 
general manager of the company from the 
beginning and is also its first vice president. 
Mr. Hall l)elongH to a well known old Indi- 
anapolis family, though he was lM)rn at 
Baxter Springs, Kansa.s, May 11, 1872. His 
parents were Truman and Harriet (Beeler) 
Hall, the latter a native of Indiana and 
the former of New York State. Tniman 
Hall was head of a wholesale millinery 
business in Indianapolis when the Civil 
war broke out. and he enlisted and served 
throughout that struggle. After the war 
he resume<l his residence in Indiana, also 
lived a time in Wis(»onsin, and was one of 
the pioneers to enter the old Indian Re»- 
enation in Southeastern Kansas where 
Baxter Springs is located. He conducteil 
a liver>' and storage coach business at 
Baxter Springs and died there when his 
son Arthur was ten months old. 

The mother then returned to Indian- 
apolis and Arthur Fletcher Hall grew up 
in that city. He attended the common and 
high .schools, and at the age of seventeen 
went to work on the old Indiaimpolis 
Journal as a type setter. He tiHe<i all 
the places in the business ofti<'e of that 
publication and in 1904, when the Journal 
suspended, he was the paper *s business 
manager. For a short time he had a 
place on the business staff of the Chicago 
Tribinie. and was also connected with the 
Boblis- Merrill Company of Indianapolit. 



1396 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Much of the sucoesR he has won in the in- 
surance business haft been due to the 
vi^)rous di8<*ipline and training he receive<l 
as a newspaper man. Mr. Hall entered 
insurance work as an a^ent and t)ecame 
field supervis(»r in Indiana for the Equit- 
able Life As.surance Society of New York. 
In 19()r> he locate<l at Fort Wayne and 
onranizeii the Lincoln National Life In- 
surance Company. He is also a director 
of the Lincoln National Bank, a director 
in the Fort Wayne Morris Plan Hank, and 
many of his friends and aswH'iates have 
ronimented ui>on his energy and the en- 
thusiasm whi«*h he takes into everv enter- 
pris<» with which he is c<»niicftcd. He is 
treasurer «»f the Younjr Men's Christian 
AssfH'iation. vice chairman of the Ituiidin}? 
committee and was also captain of one of 
the two siMtions that raise*! the .'flJiKUKK) 
fun<i for the ereeti«»n of the new buihl- 
in^ for tlie Younjr .Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation. He Wiis also vice chairman of 
the Third Liberty Loan (^r^raniziition and 
chairman of the Fourth Liberty Ijoan Or- 
ganization. Mr. Hall is a Y(»rk and Scot- 
tish Hite Mason, and is past potentate of 
Mizpah Temple of the Mystic Shrine at 
Fort Wayne. He is vice president of the 
Chamber of Commerce and alsfi member of 
th«» Hotary (Mub. the yuest Club, a member 
and past pn*sident of the Fort Wayne 
Country Club. l)elon^ to the Columbia 
Club of Indianapolis, and has sen'e<l as a 
vestryman of the Trinity Episcopal 
Church. Politically he is a republican. 

His hf»mc is known as Hee<'hwo(Kl, one 
i»f the most Httra«*tive mi the smith side 
of Fort Wayne. June .">. 1897. Mr. Hall 
nuirritMi Mi^s Ciia Fletcher, daufrhter of 
Dr. William M. and Ajnies (O'Brien) 
Fletcher of Indianapolis. DtM-tor Fletcher 
was one of the nuMt eminent physicians 
and surtreons that have distinpiisheil the 
profession in Indiana. Mr. and Mrs. Hall 
have thrf*«» children : Arthur Fletcher. Jr., 
lN»ni in VMr2: William H. F\ Hall. Itorn in 
liH>r>: an^l Aib-en, Inirn in 1913. 

VtRiiU. HoMKR Ii(N'KWiHM> has b<^n h 
memlH»r of the Indiana|>olis bar for over 
a quarter of a century, and is one of the 
oldest an<l easily one of the first patent and 
trade mark attorneys of Indiana. He is a 
native Indianan. and outsi<le of his pro- 
fession has done a irreat deal to promote 
charitable oriranizations and work, partiea- 



larly those movements looking toward the 
amelioration of conditions affecting the 
children of his home city and state. 

Mr. Lock wood was l)oni at Fort Branch 
in Gil>son County, Indiana, May 6, 1860, 
a .son of James T. and Juliett (Adams) 
Loekwood. The Ix)ckwood aneestrj' goes 
back to England, and the Adams family is 
al.so of English lineage. James T. Iiock- 
woo<l was lM)rn in Westchester County, near 
New York City, and was an industrious 
fann«»r, an otrupation he followed for many 
years at Fort Branch. Indiana, where he 
die<l in 1899. He was a Methmlist, a re- 
publican and active in temperance move- 
ments. His wife died in 1873. They had 
seven children, six of whom are still living. 

The oldest of the children is Vinril 
Hcmier Ixickwooil. As a l)oy he attended 
the little red schoolhouse of his native 
lo<»ality, graduate<l from the Fort Branch 
High School in 1876, and acquired a very 
liberal education and thorough training for 
his profession. In 1878 he attended As- 
bury, now DePauw. Cniversity of Green- 
castle, and the Cniversity of Virginia from 
1882 to 1885, where he graduated in law. 
Fmm 1886 to 1891 Mr. Loekwoal was a 
general law practitioner at Detroit, Michi- 
gan. In 1891 he lo<*ated at Indianapolis, 
and has since made a spe<*ialty of patents, 
trade marks and corporation law. He has 
never held a public offi(*e and has sought no 
h(mors outside his profession. He is a re- 
IMiblican voter. Mr. lioekwood is a meml^er 
of the Indianapolis, the Indiana and Amer- 
ican Bar associations, and the Chicago 
Patent I«aw .Xssociation. He is also aflili- 
ateil with the Delta Kappa Epsilon fra- 
teniity. is a S<*ottish Rite Mason and a 
member of the First Pre8b>ierian Church. 

The interest that has engaged him chiefly 
outside his pnifession and home haa been 
that of public organiaeed charity. He 
helpe<| establish the Juvenile (*ourt of 
Marion County and guide it durinir its first 
years. He also aasisted in eatabliBhing the 
Children's Aid Association as an auxiliary 
of the Juvenile Court and was a director 
for a number of years. He also spent much 
time in alleviating the <*onditionH afTectinif 
child labor and in promoting legislation 
to that end. For several yearn Mr. liock- 
wood has been a member of the committee 
on relief and charities of the Indianapolis 
Chamfjer of Commerce, and for five years 
has been a member of the executive com- 



>s^ 



1^ 



f 




( ■■■' 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1399 



prepare*! an Index of Indiana Reports 
which was published in 1878, with a sec- 
ond e<lition in 1882. In 1879 he had fol- 
lowed this with a Dipest of Indiana Rail- 
road Law and Decisions, and an Index-Di- 
prest of Indiana Reports, whieh proved very 
popular with the lepal profession. The 
liohhs-Merrill Company se<»ured his ser\'- 
ices for editin^ir the Statutes of Indiana, 
and he has since had exclusive charjire of 
this work, heirinninff with the eiiition of 
1894, as above stated. 

In 1896 .Judjce Hums published his An- 
notated Code of Missouri: and this reea'lls 
that his first work as a lejfal author was 
in the preparation of the civil and crim- 
inal coiles of Montana, which were adopted 
on the creation of the territory in 1865. 
His two law partners had been electee! to 
the Legislature. Durinp the session it was 
realized that they must have a code. an<l 
nolMMly had prepared one. A hurry-up call 
was made on Judpe Hums, who made an 
adaptation of the Missouri coiie for them. 
As the .session was far advance<l it was 
adopted without amendment, and. with few 
changes, is still in force. In 1905 Jud^re 
Hums published his Dijjest of Supreme 
and Api)ellate Court Reports in two vol- 
umes, to which a third volume was adde<l 
in 1915. In 1910 he published his Indiana 
Corporations. 

On March 22, 1870. Judjje Hums mar- 
ried Mary Constance Smydth, daujrhter of 
William C. and Lavinia (Carson) Smydth. 
She was lM>rn at HbMmitield, Indiana, Julv 
18, 1847, and died September 24, 1S82. To 
them was Iwm one daughter, who die<l in 
infancy, and one son, l-.ee Hums {{\. v.), 
who was l>orn at Hloomtield April 19, 1872. 
Judtre Hums has never lost his taste for 
travel, and usuallv takt»s a vacation from 
his quiet and continintr lal>ors by a trip to 
some of the southern states, where he 
Htudi«»s hi'itory. jjeo^raphy and life at first 
hand. 

Lee BiRN.s, presitlent of the Hums 
Realty (*onipany, was liom at Hloomtield, 
Indiana, April V.K 1^72. the son of Judjre 
Harrison Hums mi, v.) an«l Marv C(»n- 
stance < Smydth » Hums. His educatiim 
mas in th«* (*oinnion scIkhiIs and as a spe- 
cial stuilent at Hutbr Cnlle^re witli the cbi.ss 
of lh93. Hefon- his stav at Hntler lie had 
entered the eniplny of Howen. Stewart & 
Company, the historie lMM)k store of In- 



dianapolis, and in his varied relations with 
that establishment and its adjuncts, no- 
tably The Hollenbeck Press, there was 
ample field for the <levelopment of his ar- 
ti.stic and literary ta.stes. 

He developed in particular a knowleilgfe 
of theoretical and practical architecture, 
whii'h led him, in 1910. to orfranize the 
Hums Realty Company and launch in the 
business of erecting artistic and livable 
homes. In this he has ha<i notable suc- 
cess, as is evidenee<l by many of the most 
attractive homes in Indiana|>oli.s. 

Politically Mr. Hums is an independent 
democrat. He served as a pri\'ate in Com- 
pany D of the One Hundred and Fifty- 
eijfhth Indiana Infantry in the Spanish- 
American war. and as accounting officer 
of the Cnited States Fuel A<lministration 
for Indiana <lurinff the late European war. 
He is a memln^r f»f the Cniversity Club, 
Rotary Club, Dramatic Club, Contempo- 
rary Club and Indianajxilis Literary Club. 

On June 5. 1907. .Mr. Hums married 
Anna Ray Her/.si'h. They have two chil- 
dren. Hetty, bom June 6. lfM)9. and David, 
born May 10, 1911. Mr. Hums is the au- 
thor of "The .National Roa<l in Indiana.*' 
which is pul>lished in Volume 7 of the In- 
diana Historical Soeiety Publieations. 

Jri.i.x Hk.ndkrson Lkvfjiinv.. This popu- 
lar writer was l>orn at Covinjrton. Indiana, 
-May r>, 18r)l. Her fatiier, AUyert Hender- 
son, was also a native of Indiana. l)orn at 
Connersville January 10. 1815. He was 
of Carolina (Quaker sto<'k. a son of John 
IIenders4)n. wiio had l»een dropped **from 
meetinff*' for servinjr in the War of 1812. 
His m(»ther was a des<*endant of Col. Rob- 
ert Orr, of the Revolutionary amiy. her 
I>arents havinp movetl to Indiana in 1811. 

Alljcrt Henders(»n was one of the active 
and earnest l)uilders of the civic life of 
Indiana, and he was also a builder by 
trade, bejrinniiiff his ai)prenticeship at the 
ajri» of sixteen and following the o<»cupa- 
tion thnMi^'hout his busy life. He had in 
his bl<H>d the lust of the fmntier, and in 
early maidioo<I remove<l to the newly 
founded T<»wn of Covin^on and later to 
Lafayette. Wherever lo<'ateil his influence 
was thrown for the moral uplift of the 
eommunity. He was an active memlxT of 
the Haptist Chun-h. and an active worker 
in the eaustN of «»ilucation. temperan«'e. op- 
position to slavery and maintenance of the 



1400 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



rnioii ill tlie dark days of the Civil war. 
An el(X)iUM)t appreciation <»f his life will be 
found in his daufrhter's **IIiHtoric Indi- 
ana/' chapter 16. 

In 1S44 An>ert Henderson married Lo- 
rana Hichniond. dau^rhter of Dr. John 
Lanit)ert Hichnioixi, one of the most notable 
medical men of (Vntral Indiana, and also 
a Baptist minister, of whom further men- 
tion is made in the mt^lical chapter herein. 
He is reputed to have made the first Cae- 
sarian s<vtion in tlie rnitc<l States. Both 
he and his wife were of old Revolutionary 
st<H*k of New Hn^Iand and New York. 
Reared in a hnmc nf culture and education, 
Mrs. Lorana Ileihlcrson was a wtmian of 
superior sorial and intellectual character, 
and the tine traits of lioth her and her hus- 
Imiitl are shown in their children. 

Notahle amon^r these was Charles Rich- 
mond IIenilers«»n. Mrs. !^»vcrin>r's older 
brother. He wa.s horn at Covin*rton De- 
cember 17. 1S4S: graduated at the Cni- 
versity f»f Chi«*ajro in 1S70, and the Bap- 
tist rni<»n The«>|o«riral Seminary in ISTIJ. 
He nM'civetl the «lejrre«» of I). 1). from this 
seminary in ISH,"), and the ilejjree of Ph. I), 
from Leipzig in llHll. He entered the 
Baptist ministrv with pastonites at Terre 
Haute, 1S7:{-S2; and Detroit. lSS2-!>2, re- 
tuniintr to the Cniversity of (*hiea|ro in 
1S!>2 Its chaplain. re«'order and professor 
of MKMolo^y. continuing until his death on 
March 21*, IIM."). He was cnlitor <»f the 
American .Tournal of Th^'olojfA-, and the 
American .Tounud of SiH'iolojry, and took 
a prominent part in the work of American 
and foreiirn s4H*iolo(rieal orpini/ations. 
M»rvinir as president of the National Con- 
ference of Charities in 18SS-5). and commis- 
sioner on the International Prisiin Com- 
mission in VM)^J. H(* publisheil a do/en 
works on s(M'iolo<rical and reli^^ious sul>- 
j«vtH. the most notal»le beinjr his "SmMal 
Klements. *' <lM»Si, which wan usinl as a 
text iNMtk in (treat Britain, and was trans- 
lateil into .Tapanescv 

•Julia Henderson's si'hool eilucation 
Ntoppe<l with frraduation at the I^afayette 
Hi^h Schoftl. but her home iNlueation was 
praetieally unlimited, and it was only nat- 
ural that Hhe l>eeame known as a mairazine 
writer on educational. philanthn>pie and 
Hoeiolofrical mibjecta. Her most |>opuIar 
work, howe%'er. iH her ''HiKtorie Indiana.** 
in which she eHea|>eii '*dr>'-aA-dust** his- 
tory-, and briufpi the romance and human 



interest of the state s story into full ligrht, 
without saerificing the aeeuraey that is es- 
sential to all real histor>'. 

On Oeto»)er 2. 1872, Julia Henderson 
was married to Mortimer Levering, son of 
William II. I^evering, a wealthy descend- 
ant of one of the oldest Philadelphia fam- 
ilies, who removes! to Lafayette in 1853. 
Mortimer was lM>m at Philadelphia April 
25, .1849, and was educated at Bedford 
ami Molier's academies and Allen *s (Clas- 
sical Institute. In 1873 his father retire<l 
fnmi active business, putting Mortimer in 
charjre of his interests, and devoted him- 
self to n^ligious and philanthropic work, 
among other sen'ices l>eing president of 
the Indiana Sunday School Union for fif- 
teen years. Thi* large responsibilities 
thrown on young Mortimer Ijevering stim- 
ulated his business capacity, and he be- 
came well known thrrmgh his active inter- 
est in the State Bankers As.sociation, and 
in the financial problems of the nation. 
He also t<M)k grc»at interest in stock-breed- 
ing, anil s<*rve4l as an offic*er in half a dozen 
of the national organizations connecte<l 
with that industr>', his prominence in this 
conntH'tion causing him to Y>e made a mem- 
l>er of the Indiana State Boanl of Agri- 
culture. He also found time to ser\'e as 
pn*sident of the (Commercial Club, the Hu- 
mane Swiety, the (jcmhI Roads Club and 
the Home Hospital AssrN'iation of Lafay- 
ette. A detaile<l account of his activities 
will l>e found in ''Men of Progress,'* (In- 
dianaiM)lis, IhJUM. He dieil December 1, 

After the death of her husband Mrs. 
Levering remove<l to the East and now re- 
sides at Pelhani, New York, when not at 
her summer home of ** Devon," at Ama- 
gansett, I>mg Island. Her interest in her 
native state, however, remains as strong 
and unselfish as in former years. 

Ki)w.\Kj> Vt. Hoffman, of Fort Wayne, 
was lK>ni in Springfield Township of' Al- 
len County October 1, 1878. It is hardly 
l»OKsible therefore to say that he has 
roundeii out his career. Yet his experi- 
ence and achievements before reaching his 
fortieth birthday would do credit to a life- 
time. 

Most of his boyhood was spent on a farm 
or in the environment of a eountn* vil- 
lage. He attende<I public K^hools in his 
native township and Maysville High 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1401 



School, also stu(lie<l at Valpaniiso T'niver- 
sity. ^ratluatiii^ in 1!)0() with the do^rr^H'S 
Haohelor of Srionre and Master of Arts, 
and frtnn there entered the law depart- 
ment of the Tniversity of Miehi<;an. lie 
re<*eived his dejrree U.. H. in 190:^. 

Mr. Ilotfnian l)ejran pruetire at Fort 
Wavne tiftetMi vears atro in the firm of 
Hallou, IIotTnian & Roiiil»er>?. In Fehrn- 
ary, l!n4. he l)ecanie a ineinlM»r of th*' iirni 
Barrett, M<irris & HotTnian, wiiich in vol- 
ume and iinp<»rtan«*e of pnictice is one of 
the ablest jreneral law iirms of Indiana. 
Mr. Hoffman has also s«»rved as ronntv at- 
tornev of Allen Conntv sinee 19<h;. mid is 
one of the snrrtssfnl hnsiness m«Mi as w«»ll 
as an able lawyer <»f Fort Wayne, lit* is 
HtMTetarv aihl trejtsnrer of the DiMster Ma- 
ehine ('omi)any, seen'tary and treasurer 
of the Fi»rt Wavne .lournal-lJazette Com- 
pany, an<i a «linM*tor of tlie Tri-State Loan 
and Trust Company and its vie*' pn»sident. 

With all the substantial rewards that 
these relations in the law and business 
would indieate, .Mr. IIotTinan has had no 
ineentive to enter polities beyond seeking: 
an opportunity to srrve and benefit his 
eommunity and state. While he has not 
l»een a eandidate for public oftiee, his name 
ia now associated with the leatlers of the 
<lenioeratic party in the state and nation. 
From 1JM)H to VJ]i\ he served as a member 
of the DeuHH-ratic State Central Commit- 
tee, and in the latter year succeedctl Semi- 
tor Thomas Tajrjrart as the Indiana repn»- 
sentative on the DemcH'ratic National Com- 
mittee. He is one (»f the younj^est men ever 
no honored. 

Mr. II<»tTnuin is a son of <iis>r;:e W. and 
Anna (Stabler) IIofTman. His father 
waa lM»rn in (Jennany in 1S44. ant! was 
M'ven years of a#re when his parents came 
to Ameri«*a. lie was educated in Ameri- 
can schiM»ls aUfl siHMit his lK)vh<MM| davs on 
a farm. Later he was one of the first to 
develop the hanlwrnnl industry f>f North- 
eastern Indiana fnr tht» pn»durtio!i of ship 
timlK»rH, and fnr many y«'ars rarri»»tl on a 
lanr<* siiwmillinir industrv in .\Hcn countv. 
I^ter he was a farno-r. and In- died in 
19()t), haviiiif livt'd n'tircd for the previous 
tive years. His home was at Mavsville, 
where his widow is still livinir My his 
first wife \u* had on*- son. Dr. (;id('«>n IIofT- 
man. Ilis siM-ond wife. \\host» maiden name 
waa Aiuui Stabl«T. had also be.Mi previously 
married, and wiis the motlier of one son. 



Ilenrv Weieker. an Allen Countv farmer. 
(i«N)r>re W. IIofTman by his second wife 
had two children, Edward (i. and John C, 
the latter als<) a Fort Wayne lawyer. 

.May 7. 1JM2, Edward (J. HofTnmn mar- 
ritMl Emily R. IIofTman, who was lM>rn and 
reare<l in Fort Wayne, a daujrhter of Wil- 
liam Henry and Maizie ( Evans > HtttTman, 
both now decease<l. Mrs. IIofTman is a 
nieec of A<lmiral Reynolds of the Cnited 
Stat<»s Navv and of (ieneral Revntdds who 

• ■ 

was killed while commanding a ref^iment 
in the Battle (»f (iettysburjr. Mr. and 
Mrs. IIofTman have tw(> children. Anne 
Katherin*'. l»oni I)e.'eniber 2r», l!n4, and 
Edward (J.. .Ir , born Auirust W, IIMG. 

.Mr. and Mrs. IIofTman are members of 
the l*n»sb\ti»rian Church, of whieh he is 
a trust*i'. He Inus attained the thirty-third 
supreme lH»norary dcirree of .Scottish Rite 
.Masonry and is also atliliated with the 
Kniirhts of Pvthias and Elks. He is a 
Sijrma Nu Colle«/e fraternity man, a mem- 
lier of th«» Indiana Soriety of Chicajro, Cni- 
vf»rsity Club of Fort Wayne. Fort Wayne 
Country Club, (^uest Clul» and Fort Wayne 
Comnn»reial Club. Mr. HofTnum has the 
bearing of the successful Am«»rican busi- 
ni-ss man. and it is <*videnced that down- 
rijrht ability hjis lK»en the chief factor iri 
his advaiK'ement. thouph supplementetl by 
a very winninp persoindity and the quali- 
cations c»f a true leader of men. 

J\MF-< W. Ln.i.Y at the at^e of twenty- 
thre(\ in ISSf). b<N*ame as.sociate<i with 
Frank 1). Stahuiker, another younp man 
of Indianapolis, and as the firm of Lilly 
& Stalnaker they bou^rht out the old-e<i*.ab- 
lished n»tail hardware st«»re of Vajen & 
New. That was the be^inninjr cif a busi- 
iH»ss record of which the Inilianapoiis coni- 
nuinity is justly proud. Lilly & Stalnaker 
are still in business, though under widely 
ditT«»rent and inereased f*onditic»ns from 
thos*» of thirty y«»ars apo. It is one of the 
larir«*st Indiana hous«vs of wholeside and re- 
tail dealers in hardware, and the reputa- 
tion and fortunes of their hous4> have 
trrown an<l pnKpen^l in all the years of 
its history. Their place of business has 
always be<»n in the siime ligation. 1 14- 11b- 
lls Eitst Wa.shinjrton Street, but fnmi a 
few tluuisand mpiare feet their busines.s 
has prown and expande<l to oeeupy an en- 
tire building, and the annual total of busi- 



1402 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



ness has increased from a few thousamls 
to more than $500,000 annually. 

Mr. Lilly is a native of Indiana, bom at 
Lafayette, November 10, 1862. He is of 
Englisli ance8tr>\ His great-grandfather, 
Kov. William Lilly, was a man of high 
intellectual attainments, was an ordained 
clergj'man of the Church of England, and 
after coming to America, in 1794, waa an 
artive minister of the Episcopal Church, 
at first in Albany, New York, and later at 
Elizabeth, New Jersey. Mr. Lilly s grand- 
father, also named William, was l)orn in 
England in 17h9. William Lilly married 
Catherine Day. and they became the piar- 
ents of fourteen children, the following 
growing to maturity: Samuel, Benjamin, 
I'hoelH* Ann, .lane. Charlotte. William, 
John (). 1). and James W. Of these chil- 
dren John (). D. Lilly !xH*ame a pnmiinent 
business man of Indianapolis. 

The father of James W. I^illy was also 
named James W. and was tK>m at (ieneva, 
New York, November 10, 18:52. just thirty 
years to a day l)efore the birth of his son. 
When he was a child his parents removed 
to Perryville, Pennsylvania, where he grew 
up and received a comm4)n school eiluca- 
tion. At Reading, Penn.sylvania, he 
learned the machini.st s trade. In the 
meantime his brother. John O. D., had come 
to Indiana, in 1849. and be<*ame master 
niei*hani(> of the Madistm & Indianapolis 
KaiIroa<l. with home at Madison. James 
W. Lilly, Sr., joincil his brother a few 
yt*ars later, was employed as a bx'omotive 
cnjfincer. and in ]^'>(i moved to I^afayette 
and b<M*aiiie an ei)<:in(*er with the old I^- 
fay(*ttc & Indianapolis Kailnmd. of which 
his brnthcr Ji»hn was thi»n superintendent. 
In IHm James W. Lilly. Sr.. engaged in 
flu- railway supply business at Memfdiis, 
Tenni'NM»<». It was his intention to rem<»ve 
his family from Indianapolis to Memphis, 
but while he was in that s4»uthern city he 
contraetetl malaria fever and die«l at In- 
dianapolis, January VK 1MJ»>, iu his thirty- 
fourth year. At Kea*linjr. Pennsylvania, 
he marrieii Marj- Kerper. whu was born in 
that eity July 17. IKC*. She remaine<l loyal 
to the m«norv of her husbantl for fortv 
years, and diwl January IS, 1*H)S, at the 
age of M»venty-two. Both she and her 
husband were ac'tive meiid>ers of the 
.Methodist Epis(*opal Chureh. Their chil- 
dren eoiiipriHe<l two scms and one daugh- 
ter, the latter dying in infancy. 



James W. Lilly was four years of age 
when his father died and he grew up in 
the home of his widowed mother at In- 
dianapolis. Besides the public schools he 
attendetl Butler College one year, and his 
first work was as a clerk in the Indianapo- 
lis offices of the Indianapolis & St. Ix)uis 
Railroad, and the six years he remained 
with the company furnished him his busi- 
ness training and some of the modest capi- 
tal with which, in 1883, he engaged in a 
business career of his own. 

While the building up and executive 
dire<*tion of such a house as that of Lilly 
& Stalnaker have absorlied the most of his 
time and the best of his energies, Mr. 
Lilly is widely known in Indianapolis, not 
only as a business man, but as a public- 
spirited citizen. He has long been identi- 
tie<l with the Indianapolis Board of Trade, 
is a meml>er of the Commercial and Co- 
lumbia clubs and the Countr>* Club, is a 
republican, and without political aspira- 
tions has sought to make his presence and 
activities a means of betterment to his com- 
munity, lie is both a York and Scottish 
Rite Mason, is affiliated with Raper Com- 
mandery No. 1 Knights Templar, with 
Indianapolis Consistor>', and in 1907-09 
was thrice potent master of Adoniram 
lAxIge of Perfection. He also belongs to 
Murat Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He 
and his wife are meml)ers of the First Pres- 
byterian Church. 

Oetober 15. 1889. Mr. Lilly married Mias 
Blanehe DoUons. She is a native of In- 
diana, daughter of RolK»rt W. and Nettie 
W. Dollens of Indianapolis. Mr. and Mrs. 
Lilly have two daughters: Julia M., l)orn 
August 6. 1904: and Man- J., born Octo- 
»»er 8, l!>0f). 

Lkx J. Kirkpatrick. Within the striet 
lines of bis profession, and with no impor- 
tant publie offiee except that of circuit 
judge. Lex J. Kirki)atriek has won many 
of the usual distinetions of the suceessful 
lawyer, and as sin*h he is known far l>e- 
yoiiti the limits of his home community of 
Kokom(». 

Judge Kirkpatriek was l>oni in Rush 
County, Indiana. Septem»)er 6, 18r>:i. His 
remote forefathers were Scotch-Irish, but 
the Kirkpatrieks have l>een domiciled in 
Ameriea so long as to retain few of their 
Sf'oti'h eharai^teristies l)eyond the name it- 
self. His gn^at-gramlfather, William Kirk- 




M^^.f^-^y. 



f^r 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1405 



an '* inner uirrlo" with treasonable de- 
hi(pis. (iovernor Mort(»n ha<i dete^'tives in 
the ortjTanizatiun from the .start, wlio kept 
him informetl of every mf»ve. In 1^G4 he 
had several of the leaders arrested anil 
hnui^lit before a military eominission for 
trial, (iordon was retainnl for the defense, 
ami at onre raised the point of no juris- 
dii'tion. The <-ourts of the state were open 
and unnhstrncted. and if any DllVurr liail 
been committed the prusecutinn should he 
in the rtmrts. This had no wtMjrht witii 
the e4>mmis.sinn, whicii ctMivicteil the «h*- 
fendants. and sent*MUM*il part of tlieiii to 
death. An appeal was ma<le to the Su- 
preme Court of tlu» rnitt'd States, but 
there was not time ftu* it to bt» lu'artl be- 
fon* the tlay s«'t for the rxrruti(»n. < Ior- 
don prepartMl a l»rief. The tiuesti«»n was 
one that wont to tiie very f<»undalion of 
constitutional ri&;hts« and he went to the 
lH»tti»m of the Knjjlish and American prec- 
edents. He went to Mnrton with his brief. 
antl sought his aiti in securinjr a posti»one. 
ment of the execution. .Morton examined 
it and said: *'\W Cioil, (iordon, you are 
ri^rht. It would be murder to execute 
these men." He a.ssisted in ^rettin*^^ a re- 
prieve, and the case was Inward by the Su- 
preme Court, which ordered the release of 
the defendants. f Kx parte .Millitran. 4 
Wallace, p. 2.) (ionlon's brief was the 
one use*! I»y (Jein'ral (Jartield in ^lis arjJTU- 
ment of the case in the Supreme Ct»urt. 
From that time on (ionlon had employ- 
ment in abumiance. He was easily the 
foremost criminal lawyer of his day in 
Indiana. He was also stronj: before a jury 
in any cas4\ skillful in examination, and 
a f<»rcible speaktT. He made mt>iicy. but 
had ni» facultv I'or kc»'pinir it. He was tren- 
crous til a fault, and very indubjcnt with 
his family. In tonscquenrc he was usually 
in debt and <'Ur of iiiun<>\ . In his later 
years wh»"n broken in ln'altb. and ton oM 
ti» practice his profi'^xiiui he was ofTert^d 
till* position of .leik of The Supreme Court 
by <f«iverni»r Albert <i. Pnrt'-r «i. \. win* 
had Ihmmi his <'la^s-iiiati at Hanover, ami 
his life-IoniT friernl atiil aei-epted tht* posi- 
tjnn. 

(forilon wa^ an intbiential f.ti-Tnr in the 
repuliliean party, frnni an early ilaTi . He 
adviN-ateil the iMi'itinatjnn nf Lin<-<»In in 
l**r»0, and Was instruMiental in sei-nrini: the 
Vote nf th«' Indi.nia deb'iraTinn t'«»r him. 
In 1^12 he WHS a presi«lential eleetor oji 

Tol. Ill— II 



the republican ticket, and a member of 
the electoral colle^re that eleeteil General 
irrant. In ISTG he was the republiean can- 
didate for atttirney ^reneral, and was de- 
treated with his party. In this campaign 
he attracti^l wide notice bv publielv refiis- 
inir t«> pay the campai^'n asM^ssment made 
on him by the l{epubliean State Central 
Committex*. This was only an example of 
the resi»lut«» imlepcndence that he sh4>wtMl 
in evi'rythinL'. In his criminal practici* he 
defended more than sixt\ person.s charjred 
with murder in the tirst dejrree, and only 
oni' of them was handed. His siiccrss was 
in part iluc to his personal euuvictions i-on- 
I'crniii^ «i'ime and jiunishment. which were 
not altojrrther in toueh with nnlinary 
American iileas. hi \>M he introduced a 
bill in tin* I^»;rislaturc f^r "a system of 
criminal jurisprudence foinided on the 
principle of compensation.'* but ilid mtt 
succeed in «ri»ttin^ adopted. In ]f^^2 he 
iin-urre<l much eriticism by writintr a pub- 
lie letter to the attorney treneral of the 
I'nited States, urjrinjr. on juirely leiral 
grounds, that (iuiteau was insane, and 
sliould not be ext»i-uted for the assassina- 
titui of I*resident tjartield. <tordon died at 
Indianapolis on April 27, 1S87. 

Wm.mam (i. Smith has spent his active 
career at LalNu'te, where the family was 
establishctl nearlv scv»»ntv vears a{r«>. For 
manv vears he has bt»en in the ice business 
and is now an «»xecutive otlicial in the lead- 
ing industry of that kind at Lal'orte. 

.Mr. Smith was born at LaPorte. son of 
Lou's Saiith. Loiiis Smith was born in 
MtN'kletiburir. Cernmny. in l>^2r>. His par- 
ents spent all their live^ in (lermanv. 
when- his father ilied at the advain'cd aire 
of a hundred t'<>ur and his mother still 
oldi'r. i»einir a hundred tive when tleath 
«alle«l her. Lonis Smith anil a bri»ther 
who when last heard fnjm Wiis livin«r in 
New York .'•^tate wt're tln» onlv iin'mbers 
• •f the t'atiiilv ti» 'OMie to Ameriea. He 
had a eo'imion M'hoi»| eihieation in (ler- 
irian\ aiid serveil an ap|»rejitieeship t«i the 
tai^»r*s trade. In 1>*."»2 be ea?iie to the 
Ifiiteil State'*. whiMV he Was onr of the 
••.trl\ Mierehant tailors an<l eonduetcd a 
sMfii'ssful busin«*s'* in that lint* for manv 
.\ears. \\i* is still livint' at the venerable 
au*"!* I'f ninety-three, widl preserved both 
mentally and physically. He marrieil 
Sophie Hedder. who was lH>ni in Meeklen- 



1406 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



burp, Germany. Her father, Fred Iled- 
(ler, waK a native of the same locality, 
came to the rnitetl States in the early 'SOs 
and for a time waM a farmer near LaPorte 
and later moveil to the city and there be- 
came a rarpenter. lie died at LaPorte at 
the ape of eiphty-six and his wife when 
eiphty-tive. They htu\ one daughter and 
two H4)nK, the Kons being Fred and John 
Hedder. Mrs. Ixniis Smith die<l at the 
ape of forty-nine years, the mother of eight 
ciiildren, five of wIkmu are living. Her 
son. Fre<i, is a resident of Whiting, In- 
diana, wluTc he has U'en very surressful 
in bnsin<*ss, being one of tlie organizers of 
the First National Mank of Whiting, an<l 
on the ofti«-ial boanl ever sinre. He is 
als4» a dinN*tor in M»veral other banks and 
ijidustrial institutions. (*harles, another 
bmther of William (J., went to Mexico at 
the age of seventeen in order to restore 
his health. As so<tn as he was able to do 
anything he was given a position in the 
ofRees of the Waters- 1 Meri-e Oil Company. 
In a few years he wjts promotetl to assis- 
tant superintendent, later to superintend- 
ent of the e(»mpany*s extensive interests in 
Mexieo. and has Imhmi a pn>minent factor 
in the Mexiean (»il in^lustry ever since. 

AVilliam <f. Smith attendeil public 
school at LaPorte and at the agi» of four- 
te<Mi started to make his own living as a 
fanner. Two years later he entereti the 
employ of John Hilt, the well known La- 
Porte "iee man." He ma<ie himself gen- 
erallv UM»ful in Mr. Hilt's emplov in the 
iee liUsinevK. and has sliown a gn*at ca- 
lUK'itv to emiduet his atTairs along suee<»ss- 
ful lines. In l!Hrj with William Vctgt he 
btMight the plant, whieh hati l»een incor- 
porated as the .lohn Hilt lee (*ompany, 
and has suife Ikmmi its superintendent and 
general nianairer. 

In InM Mr. Smith marrietl Jane Ver- 
nette tiage. a native of Salem. Michigan. 
She is a daughter of Jovph and Taroline 
Klizal»t*th I Holredge <iage. lioth families 
Ikmuit piontvrs in Miehigan. Mr. autl Mrs. 
Smith have four ehililrfU. nameil Norman 
Leroy. Zebna L., Marjorie ami Florenee. 
Mr. and Mrs. Smith are memlM-rs of the 
Presbyterian t'hun'h. 

Hon. Kkk ST\^•^-BrRV. From his old 
h«i!ne at WilliamK|N>rt. where he had live*! 
for over thirty years, hail praitieeil law. 
and frf»m whieh town his nervices hotl 



radiated practically over the entire Rtate 
as a campaign leader in republican ranks, 
and as a local and state official Mr. Stans- 
bury waa called to Indianapolis to the du- 
ties and responsibilities of tiie office of 
attorney -general after election on the state 
ticket in 1916. 

General Stansbunk* is a fine type of the 
Indiana lawyer an<l public leader. He was 
lM)rn in McLean County, Illinois, Febru- 
ary S, 1861, his parents were people of 
moderate means, and after the death of 
his mother, when he was fifteen years of 
age. he went to work and took care of him- 
self. Few men have won a harder tight 
for sui'cess and none by more honorable 
means, his earecr from beginning to pres- 
ent l)earing inspeetion and investigation 
at every point. Out of his own earnings 
he pai<l for most of his e<lucation. which 
was finished in a literarj- sense in the Say- 
br<M»k Academy. 

.Mr. Stansbury remov(»d to Williamsport, 
Indiana, in \XM, He studied law in the 
offiec of John (i. Pearscm, and in 1890 l>e- 
gan practiee as a partner of J. Frank 
Hanly. He was a<imitte<l to the bar in 
1887, and in the same year was ap|K)inted 
deputy proHccuting attoniey under Will B. 
Ree<l of Attiea. and sulweciuentJy filled a 
similar ptwition under James Bingham, 
who later lieeame attoniey -general of In- 
diana. As deputy proset»utor he gained 
at an early stage in his career an experi- 
ence that has proved invaluable to him 
in ever\* HU4*cessive stage of his advance- 
ment. In 1892 and 1894 he was ele<*te<l 
prosecuting attorney for Fountain and 
Warren (*ounties. and this was the first 
time that the proaecuting officer had been 
ehosen from Warren County in a period 
i>f twenty-six years. The able and mas- 
terly manner in whieh he filled the offi(N» 
gave him the reputation of lieing one of 
the In^t proMvuting attorneys the circuit 
ever hail. 

Muring these and every sulwequent year 
Mr. Stansbur>' has been going over his 
home wmnty. his district, and latterly over 
the state at large, preaching the gospel 
of the republiean party and working for 
ita success and the ele<*tion of his friends. 
PoliticM is a hard and difHcult game. It 
re«|uires uneeasing loyalty not only to 
principle but to party asam'iates and or- 
ganization, and even then its devotees 
fre(|uently fall by the wa>niide in defeat. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1407 



To those <)uaUtit>i Mr. Staiisluiry has aiMeil 
Mr.nothiii^ mon», thi* ai»ility of the able 
lawyer aiul a willinifness to work ronari- 
eiitioiLsIy aixl without regard to personal 
sarritiiv for a«ivafitajres ami benefits that 
ronrern not s<» niiirh himself as iiis party 
and thr welfare of the p4M»ple in pMieral. 
That has (-(instituted his stren^h. and it 
was such disinterested serviee that hrou^rht 
him to his prestMit hi^h h(»n(»r. 

In 1!MH) Mr. Stanshury was pn'sid«>ntial 
ele<*t(»r f(»r th(» Tenth Distriet of Indiana 
and voted for McKinlev and K(M»s<»velt. 
In l!M)2 and 1IK)4 h«* was elected a mem- 
ber of the <ieneral AssiMubly. Durinjr the 
l*K):i sevsi(»n he was chairman of the fee 
and sjdary c(>mniitt<'e. That was during 
the famous raid f<»r the incre.iM* of Mila- 
ries. In l!MK^ h(» t(M»k a firm stand for 
ritrhl and a square deal for the taxpayers 
of Indiana. In liH).'> he was chairman of 
the judiciary committee of tlie House, and 
that put him in the {lONition of tl(N>r nuina- 
jrcr. lie InM-ame author of several w«»ll- 
c(»!iceiv«»d acts nf legislation. 

In l!H»7 Mr. Stanshury was appointed 
bv (HiViTUor Hanlv as (»ne of tlie trustees 
fur th(» State ScluHil for the Deaf, and l>y 
r(*apiH)intment from the dcm(NTatic irov- 
♦•rn(»r. .Marshall, he serv«Ml eiirht years, 
beini: president «»f the board for the last 
twn vears. He wa<? also a mend»cr (►f the 
buildiiiL' coiiimissidn to cinistruct the 
lluiblinirs for the State School f(»r the Di'af 
at IiidiaiiaiM»lis. and with his f(*llow as- 
v»ciates jraxe tive years to that work, which 
in\iil\ed the expenditure of nearly $MX),- 

IHNI. 

For eleven vears Mr. Starislmrv was 
(Muploved bv the Moard of ('<»mmissioners 
<»f Warren Count v as count v att«»rnev. and 
in that capa<*ity he prepared all the eon- 
tracts and lN>nds and bvoked after the 
letral afTairs «*onne«>ted with the building of 
th(* tine n(>w e(»urthous«> and jail and 
couipmcnt at Williamsport. The old 
c(nirThiiUs4» was burned in IJMIT. and the 
iu\\ buddinirs were constructetl and 
e«iuipped at a cost to the ta\pay( rs of less 
than •^lo.'ijMMI. It was a notable eas4» of 
et}i«i»«in-y aihl econinny in the expenditure 
of publje funds. 

In I'MI .Mr. Stansburv was n(»minated 
on the republii'an ticket for the office of 
attorney-^t»neraI. and was one of the lead- 
ers (»f a forlorn hope. As he had drnie 
for twenty -tive years, he went into all 



parts of the state, workin(ic and eampaign- 
in^ primarily for the party onTHniz^tion 
which he repres(*nte<l, and In.s peraonality 
aiul elT()rts were credited with a meaKure 
of the comparative suceess whi(*h pave the 
n»publii*an state ticket that year lOO.lHK) 
more votes than in 11M2. Then, in 1916, 
(Ml the basis of real titnt*ss and also a de- 
served political honor, he was nominattnl 
at the republicHU firimaries and was 
elected attorney-jreueral with an abundance 
(d* votes to spare. The first term of his 
administration has abundantly ju.stified 
th»' contideui-e of the v(»ters. In 1M18 he 
was re fleet ed. with the larp«»st majority 
of any candidate nii the ticket. Mr. Stann- 
bury is first and last a thoroujrh lawyer, 
has for many years enj<»yed a larpe prae- 
tici* and has handled important and in- 
V(»lved caso in which his abilities have 
been pitted a^^ainst thos«» of many of the 
best kiKiwn lijrun»s of the Indiana bar. He 
has prai-ticed in many counties outside his 
home «Munty of Warren, and has been 
(Mitrusted with much litiiration in Federal 
Courts. s(» that he br(»u^ht to his (»ffice a 
mature experience that coubl not but l>e 
retl«M-ted in the lK»st of service to the state 
(.nd its p(M)ple. 

.Mr. Stansbury is aftiliatetl with the Ma- 
sotiie Onler. the Independent Order of 
Odtl Fellows, the Knights of Pythias, is a 
member of the (*(»lumbia (*lub (»f In- 
dianapolis and is a man of trreat social 
charm and a wide ran«r(» of inten*stH. He 
posv#»Nses the jrift (»f oratory, but his elo- 
((Uenre has only adorned s4»lid i>ersonal 
conxictions and an exi'eptional f1(»w of 
ideas that hav(* made him a iHijiular and 
instruct iv«» speaker on nniny (»<*casions out- 
sjdi* of political meetinpi ami the eourt- 
ro(»m. 

Mr. Stansbury marriinl, in ISSS, Miss 
Klla Fisher. She was lH»fon» her marriage 
a teacher in the Williamsport schools. 
They have two children, a son and a daugh- 
ter. b«»th now nuirritMl. His sitn is in the 
oftice with his father and the daujrhter is 
the wife of Frank T. Sto<'kton. I)«»an of the 
I'ni versify of Smith Dakota. 

Lkwis K. Fadf.i.v. For alK>ut forty 
.vears the name Fadely has been a well 
kn(»wn and honore«I one in the business 
distriet of Anderson, its ehief associations 
bein^ with the shoe businesa. A son of 
the founder of the business, Lewis E. 



1406 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Fadely is now head of the tirm Fadely & 
T'liner, who have one of the eligible Iwa- 
tions on tlio Public Square. 

Mr. Fadely was l)orn a few miles north 
of Anderson, at Alexandria, in 1S79, son 
of .1. F. and Sarah (Young) Fadely. He 
is of (lerinan and English ancestry, and 
the family first settletl in Virginia. J. F. 
Fadely was lM>rn at Mitldletown, Indiana, 
on a farm anil came to Anderson forty- 
two years ago. He worked in the shoe 
store of Levi Thoinas for several years, 
then for a eouple of yeai*s witii K. H. Wil- 
liams, and finally joined his modest capi- 
tal and «'X|»eri<Miee witli that pioiu»er An- 
d«'rson busi!ie>s man. Major Moxey, nuik- 
ing the firm Fadely & l)t»xev. slioe 
merehaiits. at s:;-J Main Street on the Pub- 
lie Square. Hi* e«»ntiinHMl in l»UNint»ss with 
Major l)f»xev for six or seven vears ami 
then bought <»ut his partner and was alone 
until his son Lewis reaehed his majority, 
when the tinn beeame Fadely & Son. 

Lewis E. Fadely gn»w up at Anderson 
and attended the ^^ramuuir ami high 
w*hools. graduating I'rom the latter in 
1896. He then entered Notre Dame Fni- 
versity and was graduated in 190L speeial- 
izing in eonnnereial law and eeneral busi- 
ness courses. On returning to Anderson 
he enteretl his father's store, and the firm 
of Fatlelv & Son <*ontinue«l until Februarv, 
1917, when J. F. Fadely retired from 
business and was suecec<le<i in the firm 
bv Mr. rimer. Mr. Fadelv has various 
other business inten»sts at Amlerson. is 
aetive in the Chamber i»f rommeree. the 
Rotary Club, the First Pn*sbyterian 
<'hureh and is affiliated with Andersrui 
Lo«lge No. 2<>1>. HeUfVolent ami I^rotcetivc 
Order of Klks. In politii-s he is inde- 

ptMideiit. 

In l!MrJ Mr. Fadely marri»*<l TiOuella 
Payton. who die«I in llMi^ leaviiiflr one 
ehild. Siirah .fane, born in VMy.\. In 19M 
Mr. Fadelv married (ilad\s Huirh»'s. daugh- 
ter of J. M. Hughes. 

Ai.viN Thomas Kirk, of AndtrNr)n. is 
probably known to every farm owner in 
Madisi»n County as proprietor of one of 
the larjrest farm implement agenei«»s in that 
part of the state. Mr. Kirk irrew up on a 
farm in .Madis«>n (*ounty. and has always 
followetl so!ne nieehanieal line of o<*eupa- 
tion l»oth in the countrj* and in the eiiv. 

He was lN>rn on a farm in I^fayette 



Township of Madison County, May 31, 
1874, son of Sylvester and Mai^- A. 
( Thorn p.son) Kirk. He is of English an- 
cestry-. The first American Kirks located 
in Virginia and Kentucky in pioneer 
times. William Kirk, grandfather of A. T. 
Kirk, was a soldier in the American Revo- 
lution. Sylvester Kirk was well known in 
Madisim County as a successful breeder 
and raiser of horses, farmer and proprie- 
tor of a saw mill and fence factory at 
Floriila Station in Lafavette Township. 
He died in 1912. Alvin T. Kirk, during 
the winter sca.sons up to the time he was 
thirt«»en, attended the old Free School near 
Florida Station. For six years he foun<l 
ample i-mployment during the .summer as- 
sistiiiir his father in running the enirine 
for the sawmill and fence factory. Some- 
think like a genius in the handling of ma- 
chinery opcm»d up fin important and use- 
ful serviee to him and for fourteen years 
he operated a threshing machine, clover 
hnller an<i fodder shredder all over that 
^'etion of Madison County. Coining to 
Anderson, Mr. Kirk was for two years en- 
gineer under Charles TVban in the plant 
of the American Tin Plate Company. lie 
had active charge of two immense* 1.200- 
horse |)ower Corlisa engines. In the course 
of his work he met with an accident, one 
of his legs lacing broken. After recover, 
ing he joine<I the Ames Shovel & Tool Com- 
pany at North Anderson, and was engi- 
neer fi»r that plant seven years. 

At the time of his father *s death he left 
Anderson, returne<| to the eountry and 
for two years operatcil a |>ortable sawmill, 
taking it from plaec to place al>out the 
eountry and sawing barn patterns and 
hous4» jiatterns. He finally sr>ld this outfit 
and in September. 1914, returning to An- 
denwMi. nMit«h| the site at 2^4 East Ninth 
Street, where he is talay and opene«l up 
a stork of farmin^r implements. He has 
tlone mueh ti» improve that location and 
fmm time to time has adde<l new facilities 
and s«»rviee. His main warehouse is 240 
by M) feet. Mr. Kirk handles the famous 
John Ih-ere faruj machinery, is local agent 
for the rnite<l Engine Company of I^n- 
sing. Mi«hiiran. and is agent for farm trac- 
tors manufaetured by the Case & Water- 
bM» Traetor Ccmipany. He also sells the 
Madisftii automobiles. His territory of 
business extends all over Madi«m rounty, 
Mr. Kirk also o|>erates a harneaa factor^*, 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1409 



and is a stockholder in the Madison Motor 
Works and Mentha Peps Company. 

In 189r> he marrie<i Miss Florence O. 
Dunham, daughter of James and Eliza- 
iK'th Dunham. Her people came originally 
from Kngland to Virginia, and from there 
moved to Lafayette Township of Madi- 
son County in early days. Mr. Kirk is a 
demoi»rat in politics. In 1917 he was can- 
didate for the city council from the Third 
Ward, being «lcfeatcd by fifty-four votes, 
lie is affiliated with Anderson Ixidge No. 
I'U. Independent order of Odd Fellows, 
and is a mc!idH*r of the Tnited Brethren 
C'hurrh. 

Tracy W. Prophet. Many of the 
brightest young business men of America 
have l>ecn attractcil into some bran<*h of 
the automobile industrA-, and nowhere is 
the competition keener and nowhere does 
sucress indicate better all around qualifi- 
cHtions. 

One of Anderson's representatives in 
this btisiness is Tracy W. Prophet, pro- 
prictor of the Anderson Oarag**. operating 
day and iiiglit service f(»r accessories and 
general repairs. Mr. Prophet was born 
at MatttMMi. Illinois. Mav 20. is.sT. s(»n of 
.lohn and Martlia < Foster • Prophet. 
When he was seven yt»ars of age his moth- 
er (litHJ. and two vears later his father 
reinovrd to the vicjnitv of Kokomo, In- 
diana. establishing a home on a farm. On 
this farm Tracy W. Prophet spent his 
years working in proportion to his 
strength in the tiebls and in the house and 
attendinir <H)unty schools tintil he had fin- 
ishfhl the S4'venth grade. After that he 
bciran earning his own living. At Kokomo 
\u* fouinl e nploynient in a glass factor^', 
starting as roustabout and finally was nui- 
ninir the "layers, tempering glass.'* In 
1*MK) he left the glass fa«*torv to become 
a ireiieral helper with the Ilaynes Automo- 
bile CoinpMny at Kokomo. ami in ortlcr to 
learn the automobile trade he was will- 

a 

ing to accept for a time vvajfcs of oidy fifty 
cents a day. He kept increasing his pro- 
fi«i« ncv an«l f'^r two vears was assigned 
tn thr dclirate and responsible position of 
H'pairinif m«»tors. Leaving Kokomo. he 
spciit eijjht months with the automobile 
tirtn of the IJidcr Lewis (*ompany at Mun- 
••i»'. and in l**o!» rame to Andersrin and for 
two \eirs was with the Huckevc Mann- 
fa«turing Conpany. in charge of its mo- 



tor department. After that for three 
years he was repair man for the Auto Inn 
(tarage. All this time Mr. Prophet was 
lalK>ring with a view to the future, had 
exercised the greatest thrift in handling 
his wages, and his capital finally enabled 
him to i>un*hase the Anderson Oarage, at 
124 East Ninth Street. He l)ought this prop- 
erty on March 17, 1915, and in April, 1918, 
bought a home at 1224 West Ninth Street. 
He has l)een keeping the service of his 
garage up to the highest standanl and im- 
proving the business in everj' department 
f(>r the past three years. He now has seven 
men in his emjiloy. and does the largest 
automobil/> repair l)Usine«s in the city. He 
also has the agency for the Hudson and 
Dort cars. Mr. Prophet is a stockholder 
in the Anderson Corporation, the Mentha 
Peps Company and the Madi.son Remedial 
Loan Ass(»ciation. 

In 1908 he nuirried CVcilc McDaniel, 
daughter of Joseph and Ilattie McDaniel 
(»f Kokomo. Thev have two children 
Mildred Howena, Inirn in 1912, and Wil- 
liam Hussell. born in IfUT). Mr. Prophet 
is a demo<"riit in politics, is affiliated with 
Kokom(» I^nlge No. 'M)*.K Improved Onler 
of \U*A Men. and with the Masonic order, 
an«l is a man of genial sm^ial nature and 
evirvwhere re<M>gnized fgr his unusual 
push and ability in business. 

Frank K. Brown has won a creditable 
position in business affairs at Anderson, 
where for manv vears he was one of the 
genial and capable of!ii*ers in a local bank 
iind where he is now sole proprietor of 
Hrown's shoe store, a business which he 
has develop(»d to large and important pro- 
portions as one of the principal .supply 
centers for footwear in Madison County. 

Mr. Brown was lK»rn at Anderson. De- 
cember 11. ISG."). a son of Henry C. and 
.Minerva <(iuisinger^ Brown. He is of Eng- 
lish anil French anccstr>'. The Brown 
family has been in America for genera- 
tions, and from their original settlement 
in Viririnia they gradually came westward 
until they found permanent lodjnnent in 
Iniliana. Henry C. Brown, who is now liv- 
ing retired at Anderson, was a dry go^nls 
merchant there for manv vears. served 
on the City <*ounci] and is now a meml)er 
of the City Health Board. Politically he 
is a democrat. 

Frank H. Brown was educated in tha 



1410 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



piiMir schools of Aiuiorson. f2:ra<hiatinpr 
from hi^li s<*hoo] in ISSfi, and th<*ii after a 
coiirso in Kastinans Musinoss <N)llt'p^ at 
Poii«rhk«M'i)si«». New York, returneil home 
t(» take <*mploynient with the (*iti/ens liank 
at Anderson. lie went into that institution 
as lMM>kkeei»er and remained there between 
sixteen and si'vente«»n years, !H»inir pro- 
moted to paying teller and finally to 
c-ashirr. In VM)] Mr. Hrown Irft the hank 
tf> take up th«» shot* }iusinf*ss with <f. W. 
Hewitt, under thf tirm name of lirown & 
Hewitt. At that time thev established their 
store at 21 Kast Ninth Stre«»t. and some of 
his first patrons still find Mr. Itrown at that 
rsta!»lishmrnt. wlifn* h«» has lM't»y coiitinu- 
ouslv in husint'ss f«ir over tiftfi»n vears. 
In !>ri-eml»i'r. 11M7. Mr. Hrown ai*)|uir«'d 
th«» intrr«»st of his partner ami is now sole 
(^wnerof a store uhirh is larsrdy patn>ni/etl 
hotli l»v rifv ami i-ountrv trad**. 

In 1S!»2 Mr. I?n»wn married Marirueriti* 
riark. daUL^iter nf Ali-\an<ler and Kliza- 
heth < Herrv I Clark. •►!' Amlerson. Thev 
have one s<in. Ki»l»ert li.. horn in 1*^!>7. and 
now a luNikkeeper in the Farmers Trust 
Conipiiny of Anth»rs4in. 

Mr. hrown has made a siieressful «*areer 
for himsi'lf. and altotrether hv liard and 
earnt'st work anil relyini; upon his own 
resourees and v:i»od .i!hi'.rment. He is one 
of the puhli«- spiritiMJ eitiz«'ns of Aniler^on. 
is a demoiTatjr votiT, is a Kniirht Templar 
Masoii and a metiihtT t\f the Knijrhts of 
Pythias and of the l^enevolent an*! Pm- 
tei'live Orijer «if KIks. 

Ki»\vi\ h. l.iMisi*«i\'. tif Indianapolis, is 
onr ot' thi- Iarir»'st iiiiiiviilnal eoil operators 
in the staff. The foiu'eriis of whi«'h he is 
the hi'ai! ppnIii'-i* an aviTaiTf of 7.'^<^) tons 
daily. Twenty years a«jo Mr. I^oj^rsihin was 
i»l"*ratinir a ^niall n-tail ''oal yanl in 
In<n;iriapolis. 

His father. !*a\i i'i'tm-i- LMir^iltin. win was 
fiir inanv y«*ars prominent in tin- life anil 
aflfairs of the i-apital rity of Indiana, was 
lK>rn in Kentucky Man-h I'l. \^:\'2, and «lieil 
on his eiehty fifth hirthilav in the siirinir of 
P»1T. He was a vrreat irrandson of William 
liOffsilon. whf» I'ame frofn In^land in e4)Ii»- 
nial tim«»s and M'ttlcd in Virtrinia. Not lone 
aftrrwjiTils the family estaMishfil a hom«* 
in Kt-ntueky. near the old haunts of Dani«*I 
J<oi»ne. Then* for ireneralions the Loirsilons 
livi'd anil flourished, anil many of thi*m are 
still found in that fii^etion. 



The late Lawrence Logsdon was one of 
the seventeen children of William I^t^^don. 
He grew up in Kentucky, hut came to 
Indiana in 1854 on account of family dif- 
ferenees over politics, he beinp for the 
I'nion while the others were in active svm- 
pathy with the ideas of secession and state 
rights. On coming to Indiana he located 
in what is now a part of the Tity of Indian- 
apolis. He split poplar rails and made 
fences at Heech (trove. When the old 
Madison and Indianapolis Hailroad was 
huilt he h(*i*ame a suh -eon tract or in its 
construction and also helpetl huild the 
Indianapolis division of what is now the 
Hijr Four Railroad. The means acquired 
hy eontractinvr enahled him to emhark in 
hrick manufacturiiifr. Many puhlie huild- 
intrs and dwelliukr^ of Indianapolis contain 
material made in his hrick yard. He was 
a very congenial spirit, and was everj*- 
where knf»wn suhse<piently as **Larr>'** 
LoL'^don. When a hov he had only limited 
(*dui*ational advatitae<^s. hut this defect he 
I)artly remedifd in later years hy extensive 
P'ailiiiir and eh»se oliservation. Honest, 
sympathetic and thoroujrhly just, he iMM^amc 
the atlviser of many and the court of ar- 
hitrament in settline neifrhlH>rhoo<l difTer- 
ences. As is ofti-n the case his sympathetic 
disp«>sition sumetitnt^ led to too much self 
sacrifice for his own poo<l. He was a Bap- 
tist in reliirion and a repuhlican in politics. 
I.awri*n«'e Lo*/k41imi nnirr***! i'atherine 
Denny at Indiamipolis. Of their si»ven 
children two di^d in infancy and four are 
still livine. 

Kdwin D. Lr 11.^1 Ion was Imrn at Indian- 
apolis July 0. I***!*!, ami aeriuire<1 his educa- 
tion in the puhlie si^hools of his native city. 
The first chapter in his husincss career was 
his work in aiiline in tho const met ion of 
the ]MX Hailrnad. In \^9A he took up thi* 
ma!»ufaeturf of hni^ims. hut ten vear« later 
startrtl his retail coal husincss. This was 
the niii'leus Hpiund which he con(*entrated 
his ahilitif^. and with irrowintr experience 
has risen from a small retailer to one of 
the I'hief proflu'-ers of coal in Indiana. 

Mr L«Hrsilon at the present time is presi- 
dent of the following corporations: Peo. 
pie's Toal anil foment Company. Indian 
rre«'k Coal and Mininir Company. S. W. 
Litth' Toal t'ompany. Knox County Four- 
Vein toal (*ompanv. Minshall Coal Com- 
pany, and the Indianapolis San«l and 
Gravel Cf»nipany. 




QpCM^I^^^ -A^ C^>t^4A^f\ — 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1413 



friven to his opponent in the rival party. 
Mayor Mellett is a prartioal business man, 
and he took the mayor's oflBee at a personal 
8a<*rifice, and was by no means personally 
eager to accept a rencnnination, takin^i: it 
from a sense of responsibility. 

Mr. Mellett is a native of Madison 
County, Indiana, born in Pipe Oeek Town- 
Rhi|> in 18S2, a son of Jesse and Man?aret 
(Rinp) Mellett. The Mellett family is of 
French ancestry, the first of the name set- 
tling? in the Virginia colony. In the ma- 
ternal line the Rinps were of Revolutionary 
sto<'k. Jesse Mellett, Sr., was for many 
years a sue<*cssful school teacher, and was 
one of the early newspaper men of Elwood, 
where he actpiired an interest in the Free 
Press and Leader and in 1SJ)2 issued the 
first <laily editi<m of that paper. J. 11. 
Mellett is nne of seven !)rothers, and all 
except him have followed the newspaper 
profession and some have attained hif?h 
places in journalism. 

Mr. J. II. Mellett attended the common 
scho<)ls of E1wo<m1, also tlie hiirh s^'hool. 
and as a boy found a j)lace in a bake sliop 
at Elwood, where he servt^l a tlioroujrh 
apprenticeship at tlie business. For several 
vears he traveled al>out the couiitrv work- 
inur as a journey nuni, but at the affe of 
twenty-one start<'d a bakery <>f his own 
at Anderson. This !>usin(»ss has steadily 
prown and pn>spered an<l to<lay the J. II. 
Mellett wholesale bakery is the larjrest in 
the city and its jtckkIs and pro<lm*ts are 
8hipj>e<l all over the surroundinjr territory. 
Mr. Mellett is also a stockholder in various 
other bx'Hl enterprises. 

Politicallv he has alwavs been identirte<l 
with the deiiuM-ratic party. His first im- 
portant <>ffi»"e was as represtMitative fnnn 
tlie first ward in the Citv (>)uncil, t*) 
wliich lie was elected in 1!K)J) and servtMl 
four ye;irs. ^n»iiii: from that ntVwr into the 
chair of mavor. 

« 

Mr. Mf»llctt has filb'd all the rhairs and 
received tin* honors of tli»» .Viidcr^m 
brandies of tin* hidc}MMideiit ilrdiT of 
Odd Fellows, the Heiicvoji'iit and Protec- 
tive nrd»»r «if Elks, the KnJL'hts .if P\thias 
and the Improvt'd ( )r»ler of lu'-l .Men. lit* 
is a iiM'inb^T of tilt* .\n«l«'!*snn <'luh. the 
Ander^m i'onntrv ("hib. the I\otarv Club 
ami Jovians ('lnl». His popularity a^ a 
i'itizen has l-p'UL'ht manv hnn«irs within 
hi"* reach, and re.i-!it!\ h» tnitrht li.ive iiad 
the nomination t^r « onirnssman fri»!ii the 



Eiphth District, but he waa emphatic in 
de<*lininp the opportunity. 

In 1902 he married Miss Mary Wallaec, 
daughter of Morris and Honoria Wallace of 
Anderscm. They have one dauRhter, Mar- 
paret, born in 1IK)3. 

Frank H. Brock is sole proprietor of 
the Larrimore Furniture (\)m|)any, (me of 
the largest concerns of ita kind in the City 
(>f Anderson. Mr. Bnx'k l)epan his busi- 
ness cartHT in early life as a clerk, and by 
dint of much industry, careful study of 
business details and thrifty management 
of liis own resourct»s has achieved inde- 
])endence an<l a hiph j)la<'e in the civic 
rejjard (jf this community though he is still 
a man un«ler forty. 

Mr. HnM-k was !>f>rn on a farm near 
Springfield, Ohio, in 1879. He is of Scotch- 
Enirlish ancestry. His great-grandfather, 
William Brock, i-ame from Lincolnshire^ 
Knglaml. in l>3n, and settled in North 
Carolina. Mr. Hro<'k*s grandparenta 
drove from North (*arolina to Oreene 
Count V. Ohio, in the earlv davs. Mr. 
Mnw-k is a son of Jos«'ph H. ainl Rachel K. 
'Ilutslan Brock, both of whom are now 
living retired in Fayette County, Ohio. 
His mother was U^rn while her pareuta 
were <>n the road from their ohl liome in 
Virginia to (ireene County. Ohio. His an- 
cestors atvpiired government lan<l in Ohio, 
and the ohl homestead is still owned by 
the des4*endants. The.v were |M»ople of 
much entiM'prise ami from day on their 
own land made brick which entered into 
the construction of a liome of (*oloniaI 
iirchittH'ture. 

Frank H. Brock was educated in local 
schools and in the higli M'ho<»l at Jeffer- 
sonvilh*. Ohio, from which he graduated 
in 1 >*♦.**. The next six months he spent 
workinir in a pent*ral store jit Jeflferson- 
ville. and in \>W came to Iniliana and 
hn-ated at Warren, in Huntington County. 
IliTc for four vears he was a salesman in 
the L'cneral store i*f W. B. Larrimore. In 
V»n:{ ))c i-ame to Anderson and bought a 
half inten»st in the furniture hous4» of 
W. li. Larrimore. Ht» had made in the 
meantime iroo«| nse of his opportunities to 
aci|nire a thorouirh knowledtre of business 
and had als<» skived some capital. In IfHl 
lie bnutrht the interi'st of his partner and 
is now snh» proprietor, but continues the 
I'Usincss under the old title. He has a gen- 



1414 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



oral furniture house at 21-2:} West 
Eleventh Street, his stoek and display 
nM>rnK uHin^r three floors of the huildin^r. 
Mr. Hroek has also acquired some real 
(•state interests in the eity. 

Ill 1!H)2 he married Miss Helen Larri- 
more. dauphter of his ohl partner. They 
have two children, Esther Ann, agwl four- 
teen, and Joseph Ilidy atred nine. Mr. 
nro<»k is a demo«'rat in politi<*s, is a niem- 
lK»r of th«' Presl>yterian Chun-h. and is a 
thirty-s4M*onil decree Scottish Kite Mason 
and a member nf the lienevolent and Pn)- 
tective Order of Elks. 

Joii.v SiiKRMAN Frazikr. One of In- 
dian^rs important industrit»s now <M>m- 
pletely turned over to the s«»rviee of the 
iiovernmeiit in the preparation of forni 
stuffs for the armies in the field is the Kra- 
zier I'aekiiiiT Company of E1w(mm1. This 
is a Iar«re and protitahle fiusiiiess. huilt up 
from small bepinniii<rs. and at tir>«t wa^ 
ex<*lusively a tomato prev^rviiur plant, hut 
has pradiuilly lH»en expanded in the einirse 
of twentv vears to inehnle various pnnl- 
nets. 

The s«MTetarv aiul treasurer of the eom- 
])any is John Sherman Frazier, whf)s<» 
father. Oliver li. Frazier. was the founder 
of the husinesN and now president of the 
company. Oliver H. Frazier marrit*<l Jose- 
phine MrMahoii. The Fraziers are St'otch 
|»enplt' who settled in Mass^iehusetts. while 
the MeMahons were earlv M»ttlers in N«>rth 
(*art»lina. 

John Sh«'rman Frazier was Inirn :it El- 
w'i^u] in lss7. was educated in the puhlie 
si*h<Mi|s. iiiid )rra<luate«l from hi*rh srhtH)! in 
llHuJ. Ill 1IM)1 lie had U'lmn workinir f«>r 
his father and Iearnin«r the iMisintHis of 
tomato eanninsr and paekinir. The Frazier 
Parkiiikf Company was estahlisht^l in \^9\K 
In VM)1 .lolm S. Fra/ier was electi»<| ser- 
retary and treasun-r of the e«>m]>any. I'n- 
til UM)1 the (ilant ei>ntinued t«) can toma- 
toes, hut since that vear the prtMluetion 
has Ihvu expanded and several well-known 
brands i»f foo«ls liave been ma'Ie bv the 

■ 

company, includiufr the Frazier tomato 
catsup, chili sauce, soups and p«)rk and 
l>eans. .Since the plant was turneil over 
to the <iovernment faeilitii^t liave l»e«>n em- 
pb)yi*il ]>rimarily for the rannine of |M>rk 
and l»eans. AlMMit Ti^X) jx^rs^nis are em- 
ploytNl during the bu!%y seasou and the 



plant extends over ground including some 
tive or six acres. 

In liMl John S. Frazier marrieil Ruby 
Morris, daughter of John II. and Rhoda 
(Weliman) Morris, of Rushvilie. Imiiana. 
They have two children, Lydia, lM)rn in 
i;>12, and John Oliver. lM)ni in 1914. Mr. 
Frazier is a republican in politics and is 
affiliatthl with the Masonic Onler at El- 
woo«i. the Benevolent and Protei*tive Onler 
of Elks and is a member of the First 
Metho<list Epis(*opal Church. 

The (*(mipany has niem1>ership in the 
National (*anners* As8<K*iation, and Mr. 
John S. Frazier was eleeteil chairman of 
the catsup section of the asiMK'iation, an 
office he tills at the present time. 

Wn.MAM A. Fai'st is a merchant and 
busin(>ss nuin of sulmtantial connections 
an«l inten^ts at EIwoikI. and for fourteen 
years has bivn junior partner in the well- 
known firm of Records & Faust of that 
citv. 

Mr. Faust was Isirn on a farm Aufrust 
21. 1^75>. at Shively Corners in Rush 
(*ounty. luiliana. a son of William Perry 
and Lueinda iLee) Faust. He is of Ger- 
man Pennsylvania sto<*k. lie was reare<l 
on a farm, had a c(»untry S4*h<K>l educa- 
tion, and developed Uith mind and muscle 
liy the duti(>s of the homestead until he 
was seventeen. He then startc<I out to 
earn his own way in the worhl and with- 
out friends or money to Imck him has made 
sfi-ady i»n»pn*ss until he might properly 
l»e said tf» have fulfilled those early ambi- 
tions. His first employment away from 
the farm was as a **gather l)oy'* in glass 
fact or i«^. spending two years at Frank- 
ton and two years at Loogootee. He ae- 
(piireil men*antile ex|>erience by working 
as a clerk for two years in the house of 
R. L, Lf^-sfui & S^wi. About that time he 
suffered htss of health, and hail to spend 
seven months recuperating at Ix>s Angeles 
and vieinity. Returning to Elwood. he 
went to w(»rk for the clothing house of 
Heitman & (ireathouse. He was with them 
three years, and then started in business 
for himM*lf in 1!HU as memlier of the firm 
Re«'onls & Faust at 11!» South Anderson 
StnH»t. These men have l>een sueeesafully 
a«tnciateil in Inisiness now for fourteen 
years and have the highest class raen*s 
liaU^rdashery and clothing store in El- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1415 



w(mkI, ami have a trado from that <*ity 
and surroundiii^ country and even from 
ndjoininp rountios. 

Mr. Faust in tlie meantime lias acquired 
other interests and is a stfM'kholder and 
<lire<*t<>r of the First National Hank of El- 
w«H>d and owns a farm of 150 acres three 
miles from that town. 

December 25, 1901, he married Julia 
nine, dauphter of William H. and Ivy 
(IVrine) ('line of Lehanon. Ohio. They 
liave thnv cliildrcn : William Hyron. born 
in IJKW: Mary I^niise, born in 1907; and 
Evelyn, lM»rn in 1IM7. 

Mr. Faust has lonp been a leader in the 
liH'al <lemocratic party in Madison County. 
lie served as township trustee four years 
fro'ii 190S to 1912. He was also <andidate 
ff»r county treasurer on the demofratic 
ticket and came within ninety-.st»ven votes 
of lM»injr elected. In fraternal nuitters he 
is ]>rominent, especially in the Fraternal 
Order nf Eajrles. lie s4»rvtMl as president 
<»f Aerie No. 201 at Elwofxl in 1917 and 
in 1918 was delcjrate to the National (Con- 
vention of the order at Pittsburjrh. He is 
alM» affiliated with L«Kltre No. :?()S, Hcnevo- 
lent ami PnittM'tive Order of Elks. Elwood 
IxKlpe. Kniphts of Pythias, and is past con- 
sul of the WimmIuk'h <if the World. Mr. 
FaUKt is a member of the First MetlHwlist 
Episcopal Church. 

Wnj.iAM FoRTiNK. It was twentv vears 
api> III 1S!>S when a hundred citizens of 
Indianapolis, headed by th»» late Benja- 
min Harrison, pres«'nt«»d William Fortune 
with a lovinir euj» ins4'ribed : **To William 
Fortune from citi/ens of Iiidiaiiapolis iit 
re<*o^iiiti«»n of his servires in promoting the 
ireneral w«»lfare of th«» city." 

ronsiderinjr the iiriportant serviei-s on 
whifh the presentation was IhimnI it is 
easy to umlerstand the reason fi»r sm-h a 
publie testimonial. The faet !i»»i-o!nes the 
more noteworthy when it is rei-alled that 
William Fortune was at tin* time only 
thirty-tive years of ajre. The ynunir man 
who thus early was siimally lionore j by 
his fellow riti/ens has contiini»-il linrimr 
the sul>seijntnt twenty years to trive the 
liest of his enerLMes and inf!u»Mire tt» the 
eity and its institutions, and in the prime 
of his years William Fortune has a jM»wer 
and UM«»fulness that with«Mit ilisparaije- 
ment of others makes him one of the fore- 
mcwit Indianans of the present (feneration. 



He is a native of Southern Indiana, 
born at li<M»nville, Warrick County, In- 
diana. May 27, 1S6:<. son of William II. 
ami Mary «St. (Main Fortune. Through 
his mother he is of French and Scotch de- 
scent from the St. (Mairs of Kentucky and 
Virjrinia. His preat-jrramlfather was 
Kaymond St. (Mair an«l his irrandfather 
Isaac St. Clair. In the paternal line the 
principal names are Slu^emaker and For- 
tune of En^flish and Oerman orif^in. 
Many of the St. (*lairs were slave owners, 
but the Kentuekv branch of the familv 
took the Fnion side. William II. Fortune 
was one of the tiiNt to eidist in Company 
A of the First Indiana Cavalrv. and 
served thniujrhout the war. In the sum- 
mer of isd.') he locate«l at Murfrei*sboro, 
Tenn«*ss«'e, but soon met business reverses 
whii-h caused him to return N«»rth. The 
b(»yh<N»d of William F«»rtune was Nj)ent at 
Paxton, llliiHUs, and Seymour. Shoals. 
.Mitchell and Kvans\ille in Indiana, and 
from the aire of nine to eiirhtivn at his 
native town of Uitonville. 

It was throufrh the avenue of a print- 
intr otlice and newspaper work that Wil- 
liam Fortinie came into the larjrer arena of 
life's a flairs. In 1^7r). at the aire of thir- 
teen he was apprenticed in the ])rintin(r 
otiici* of the Hoonville Stamlanl. M. B. 
Crawford, the editor. to<»k mueh inten»st 
in trainintr the bov as a writer. Before 
he was sixtfM'Ti he was doinjr much of the 
e<litorial work <if the paper. At the ajre 
of seventeen he wrott* and published a his- 
tory of his nativt* ci»unty. From the pn>tits 
of this lie was abb» to j>rovide for the fam- 
ily, which had become dependent upon 
him. 

The capital city has known him since 
January. Iss2, when he beiran work on 
the reporting statT of the Indianajxilis 
•lournal. old time newspaper men say 
then* was notbinir p»*rfunetory or n>utine 
like in William Fortune's reporting. 
There are many facts tf> substantiate this 
reputation. His rei>orts of the s«»s.Nions «>f 
tht» Indiana (leneral Ass«»mblv in ls.s:{.S4 
were the caus<» of several rather dramatic 
incidt»nts. resulting tiiuilly in an attempt 
by the deuKM'ratic majority to expel him 
on the last day of the session. Enou^rh 
of the demoeratit* senators voteil on his 
side to nnike a tie, and the dei'idinir vote 
of Lieutenant -(fovernor Manson was east 
in his favor. A little later he ftiieeeeiled 



1416 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Harn* R. New as citv etlitor of the Journal, 
hut resiffiiwl in the sprinp of 1888 on ac- 
count of ill health. He then founded the 
Sunday PreHs. with Mrs. Elmma Carleton 
as aHsociate editor. The Press had a high 
literar>' <|uality with some of the l>eKt peo- 
ple of the state anionpr its eontrihutora, 
but the puhlieation wax diseon tinned at 
the end of three months. 

The nomination of Harrison for presi- 
dent made Indiana the hattle center of the 
eampai^i of IhHH. As sptvial representa- 
tive of several leading newspapers, includ- 
injr tiie New York Trilume. IMiiladelphia 
Pnss and Ciiicatro Trihuno, Mr. Fortune 
di«l some n<>taMe work as political corre- 
spomlent. A little later he <lc<*lincd an 
offer <»f the position of Washiii^rton cor- 
n»sj>ondcnt for the ('hieajr<> Trihune. From 
IShS to ISJH) he wa>i e<litorial writer of the 
IndianaiN)lis News, then un«ler the manatire- 
ment of John H. Ilolliday. 

The modern era of Indianapolis hejran 
ahont IMH). There is somethinir of a di- 
rect relationship of «'ause an«l efftM*t he- 
twet»n this era and the activities of 
William Fortune. It was his dtNtinv to 
lM»come the leader in that new movement. 
With a ke«*n and wide vision he saw what 
the city nee<le«l at the time, had the abil- 
ity to express it throuirh the cidumns of 
the paper he was servinjr, an«l after the 
proper enthusiasm and determiinition w<»r«» 
aroused he was well equipped to marshal 
and lead the forc«Hi to ultimate victory. 
While so mueh of what followed is a vital 
part of Ind:ana{Milis histiu'v for that very 
reason it is wnrth whili- to recall it and 
alM» to indieate the reasons whieh cMiseil 
the prominent i>iti/ens of Indianapolis to 
honor Mr. F«»rtuii»» as 'nentioneil in the 
tirM parajrrapli «»t* this article. 

ThnHurh si'vcral arti«-|t»s written for the 
News Mr. F«»rtu!ie dire«*teil attention to 
the extn'iui* «-onservatism whieh then hin- 
dered the physi«;i| impr«>vemeiit and com- 
niereial «levelopment of the eity. nririntr 
incidentally the nr«:anvati(wi <»f the pro- 
jrressive citizens to overcome this olMacle. 
The writinir came at an opp«»rtune mo- 
ment, and elieited hearty n^spfinne from a 
larjre cirele of readers. Mr. F<»rtune had 
sumre^teil that the |>nij>er oriraiii/ation t<i 
uuilertake the work was the Uoanl of 
Trade Hut when a ri»s«»lution uas 
linm^rht Iwfore the Iniard it was def»'at«il. 
Colonel Kli Lillv was one of the few mem- 



bers of the Board of Governors who sup- 
ported the resolution. 

The board having declined the splendid 
opportunity, Mr. Fortune hastily sum- 
moned! a meeting of business men at the 
Bates House for the following day. The 
twenty-seven men who attended this meet- 
ing became the nucleus of the Commer- 
cial dub of Indianapolis. It was or- 
ganized two days later with eighty charter 
members, and with Colonel Lilly as i>resi. 
dent and Mr. Fortune as secretary the 
meml>ership within a month was a thou- 
saml. The important undertakings which 
marked the l>eginning of the new era for 
Indianapolis were projeetwl while Colonel 
Lilly and William Fortune were officials 
*»f the club. Of course a description of 
those undertakini?s is outside the province 
of this article. Mr. Fortune was secretary 
(»f the dub fn)m ISDO to 1895. fille<l the 
office of vice president from 1895 to 1897, 
and was pn^ident in 1897-98. 

From his active connection with the 
Commercial Club there resulte<l a number 
of other issues through which Mr. Fortune 
has l>een a factor in the upbuilding of 
Indiana|K>lis and the state. In 189<) he 
had charge of the National Paving Ex- 
I>osition. the first exposition of the kind 
ever held. It convene<l in Indianapolis. It 
had l)een planned originally to interest the 
people of this city in gwnl street pave- 
ments and to afTonI them the opjiortunity 
of com]>lete information as to materials 
and methods. However, the enterprise at- 
tracted sut*h witle attention throughout 
the eountry that delcsrates were pn»sent 
from many municipaliti<'s all over the 
Fnited States. This ex|>oKition marked 
the In'ginning of mcNlern pavinir in In- 
<iianapolis. not to mention any of its more 
extended lK»nefits elsewhere. 

Fi»llowing this suceessful convention Mr. 
Fortune j)rf»posetl. in 1891, that a system- 
atic effort l»e maile to bring large <imven- 
tions and meetinirs tf> Indiana|>olis. The 
plan was adopte«i. a fund raised for the 
work, and sin«*e then Indianapolis has fig- 
ured as one of the leading convent irm cities 
of the natimi. He starte<I a state-wide 
movement for g«MMl nrnds in 1H!>2, as a re- 
sult of whieh a (ffooil Roads (*ongress as- 
sembled in Indiana|M>lis with deleirates 
fniiii nearlv even* count v. and out of this 
eame the f«»rmation of the Indiana High- 
wav AsMN-iation. Mr. Fortune decHnetl 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1417 



the presidency of the confn"e8S, but his 
work in behalf of Roml roads was made 
the Hubje<'t of a testimonial of the nieet- 
iiijr. He t<M»k a prominent part in the 
Gootl Koads (Nmjrress at the World's Fair 
of wr.]. 

Ilis executive ability was never more 
sevt n-ly tested than in 1H93, when he was 
elected executive director of tlic (irand 
Army National Kncamj)inent at Indianapo- 
lis. It was the year of tlie j)anic, and it 
was a difficult j»n>l»lein to raise money. 
The previous year the expenses of the Kn- 
cam))ment at Washintrton had been nearly 
.*1«0.()(M). Of the >;12().0()() rais<»d in In- 
dianapolis :lJ7r>.00() was appropriatctl by the 
eity council. The lndianaj)olis Kncaiiip- 
meiit was eondufted on fully as lartre a 
scale as at Wasliin^rton, while the arcom- 
nnwlations for veterans were the best ever 
|)rovided anywhere. At the <*lose of the 
convention the total exj»enses footed up to 
only $6:i.(K)(), an<l more than *42.0(K) of the 
city ap))ropriation was returned and about 
$12,0<V) of the amount raised by the Com- 
mercial (Mu!) was left in the treasury. 

Mr. Fortune was a memln^r of the com- 
mittee of three that had i'harjre of relief 
for more than 5,000 unemjdoyed in In- 
diana]>olis during the winter of scarcity 
and hard timers of Ism. Other mend)ers 
of the committee were II. II. Ilanna and 
Colonel Kli Lilly. The "Indianapolis 
Plan.'* as adopted and successfully car- 
rietl out by this i»<nnmittee, attrartt»tl wide 
attention amontr charity workers an<l be- 
came the subj(*et of sev(»ral majrazine ar- 
ticles. It is descrilK»d at lenjrtii in a 
pam|)hlet entitled " Relief for the Tn- 
emi>loyed.** Fo(h1, fuel and clothinj? 
were provided for un»Miiploveil people in 
neetl under roiniitions whi«*ii eliminated as 
far as pra<'ti«'able th*' pauperiziuir intlu- 
eiicf»s of rharitv. After wnrthincNs had 
In-en establislit'd, credit was i:iv»Mi nt a store 
or market wh»Te supplies wrn* obtained in 
pmp<irtion to the size nf tht» family- on 
«*n»dits earncil bv labor provided bv the 
«*oinmittee. A si«rniti«'ant testiinnny to the 
value (»f the plan is that in the sprinir of 
1>M4 there wen- fewer pe«»ple than u^ual 
depend«*nt upon the Tharity < >rLMiii/ation 
SiK'ietv. 

Anoth»*r important distinction that bt». 
b^njrs to Mr. Kortun«» is as ori^'inatop of 
the Indiana StaN» Hoard of ( ojjniifp'e. 
which he served a.s president in 1*^I»7. 



1H98 and IHOI). lie proposed and hrouRht 
al)out thisorpanization in 1SJ>4. The State 
Hoard was eom|»osed of commercial or- 
ganizations of the varioiiH (*ities of Indiana, 
brought topether for united action in ad- 
vancing the public and <*onniiercial inter- 
ests of the .state. The State Hoard, under 
the leadership of Mr. Fortune, inaupii- 
rated a movement for reforms in county 
and township jrovernnuMit by separating 
b'jrislative and administrative functions 
and «vstablishin«r c<Minty <'ounciIs and town- 
ship advi.sory boards to levy taxes and 
make appropriations. Thosi* reforms were 
rnacti'd l.y the LeLnslatun-, an<l official sta- 
tistics showed that the first year of their 
operation sa\ed the pe«>ple of the state over 

liy appointment in 1**!»4 Mr. Fortune l>e- 
t-ame on** <if the orijrrnal members of the 
( *onnin»rrial Club Kbvated Railroad Com- 
mission. Toj^t'ther with Co|(»nel Lilly he 
spent many years in apitatinp the al>oli- 
tion of prade crnssinjrs. and became chair- 
man of the rommission in June, ISDH. at 
the <b'ath of (^»lonel Lilly. It was in that 
year that the City of Indiaimpolis pasM^I 
its first ordiiuince rei|uirinvr track eleva- 
tioii. Then followed a buijr |>erio<l of liti- 
gation, application of lejrislative measures 
and the anmsinp of public opinion in local 
(■ampaijrns before the railroad corporations 
finally yielded this improvement. Even- 
tually the city rharter was so amended as 
to provide for continucil pn^ress in the 
elevati<ni of tra<ks. Mr. Fortune was 

• hainnan of the commission from \s*Jy< to 

In Uni .Mr. Fortuiu' repn^ented the 
State of indiaint and tiic City of In- 
dianapolis in a tour of Kuropean cities for 
the purpose of studyiuL' munii-ipal and 
conniierrial ••oniliii<uis. 

He was chairman of the Kxecutive Com- 
mittfc in charire nf \hv ce'»»hration of 
.lam»'s W hittiMub Kiley's anniversary in 
r»M. an eVfMit whieh broujrht many dis- 
tiiiL'uislhd per.s4>ns from all over the 

• •••untry to do homaife to the irreat IIo4isier 
po»'' nu his last i»irthday j»re«-i»ilintr his 

• !«'ath, .Mr. Fortune was oin» nf Mr. 
I\ili»\ *s close friends, and they mad#» a trip 
throuL'h Mexi'-o toL'eth«»r in l!MM». 

For inaiiv years Mr. Fortune fouiul 
these varit'd publif entrrpriscs sut!iri«*nt to 
absupli a!l h's timr and eneriry to the ex- 

• lusioii oi* n«*uspaper work, whirh he aban- 



1418 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



(lone<l many years ajfo. However hiR con- 
nection with the National Pavin^r Exposi- 
tion in 18!H) Knpp^sted to him the nee<I of 
a pnl»lication devotetl i»8peiMally to 
ninniripal improvements. With William 
('. B(}h)>H as bnsinesK manager he soon 
afterward foniuieil "Pavinp an<l Munici- 
pal Enirinet>ring/* as a sixteen pa^e ma^ra- 
zinc. This afterward l)e<*ame the 
Municipal En^inerrinK Mapizine, the 
pioneer ami nro^niizcd authority in that 
field in Airierica. He was president of 
the roiiipany which owned the (luhlieation 
and for a nundxT of years was its e<litor. 
hut sold his interest in the ))uhlishin^ com- 
pany in ]iM2. 

During the past t»»n vt'ars his business 
intcn»sts have }>cen chiefly in tlie telephone 
husincss. IIt» is president of the In- 
dianapolis Tclcplione Company, of the 
New Lon^r Distance Teh'phone Company, 
and a numlH'r «>f «»ther telephone (*omi)a- 
nies, is a <lirect«>r and chairman of the 
Finance (Nnnmittec of the Kli Lillv & 
(*<impany, and in l!M»s.()ii was president of 
tiie Inter-State Life Assurance Company. 

In UM)."* Mr. Fortune was <l(M*orated with 
the order of the Double Drajron bv the 
Kmperor of China, and at the Mune time 
the Muntlarin rank was eonferreil upon 
him by the Chiin*s4» Kmperor. With all 
his varied interests and activiti«»s it seems 
a far cry from Indiana|H)lis to (*hina. but 
this distin<*tion was due to Mr. Fortune's 
p«'rs<inal relations with Won Kai Kah. the 
Chines** «liplomat who establislied his 
home in Iiidiana]H>Iis while in America. 
Tlir«)ULr)i til is distinpiished character of 
the Orient Prince Pu 1-un was invited to 
becnine the guest of Indiana and In- 
<]iana]»<»lis ff)r a week in 1?H»4. Mr. For- 
tune was chairman of the gtwieral com- 
mitle«» in charire of the entertainment of 
th(» Prince and his ]mrty. which was one 
of the most elalHirate ami interesting un- 
dertakings of the kind in the hist<»ry of 
Indiana|Milis. 

Through the Commen*ia1 Club, in 1!M>2, 
Mr. Fortune otTereil a g«>lfl mtnlnl to the 
pupil of the juiblic schools writing the 
bi'st essay on the topic "Why we take 
|>ride in Imiianapolis. ** This prize was 
iifterwards awardtN) aiuiuailv !>v the Coin- 
inercial Club for a numl»er of years. Mr. 
Fortune was the first presiijent of the 
Ini1iana|M»lis PresH Club, organized in 
IVl. was one of the orgnnizers of the 
Century (*lub and its president in 1892, 



was for two years president of the Indiana 
Automobile Club tnmi 1904 to 1906, and 
is a memlKT of the University, Columbia, 
< ontcmiH)rary, Country, Woodstock, Athe- 
naeum and Economic clulm, and was presi- 
dent of the latter in 1917. 

Mr. Fortune has been at the head of the 
Indianapolis (*hapter of the American Ked 
Ooss since its organization in 1916, and 
had charge of the raising and expenditure 
of over $60<»,(M)() in 1917 for war activifits 
and relief purposes. In 1916 he was 
awarde<l the medal of merit bv the 
National Council of the American Red 
Cross. 

Wlicu the Indianapolis Chamber of 
Commerce was reorganize<l in 1917 Mr. 
Fortune was by unanimous vote <*hosen as 
pn'sident. His acceptance was made condi- 
tional on the raising of a s|)e(*ial fund of 
.'!C)().iMM» for new and constructive work. 
Nearly double the amount was raise*!. He 
•('(tntinued as president throughout the war 
peritNl. during which the chamber en- 
gaged largely in special war activities, em- 
bracing industrial training schcM)Is for 
soldiers and a war ccmtract bureau that 
bronght to Indiana a vast amount of war 
business amounting to many millions of 
dollars. 

At a public meeting of officers and di- 
rectors of the Chaml>er of Commerce, 
l^wrd of Trade, Merchants* Association, 
Clearing House. Rotary, Optimist and 
Kiwanis elulw in April, 1917, Mr. Fortune 
was by unanimous vote chosen to take the 
baiiership in an organization to raise a 
great fund for war relief and lo<*aI char- 
itable ami philanthropic puriKiseH. and to 
have charge of the exjienditures. This or- 
ganization t4>ok the name of the War Chest 
liciard of Indianapolis. In a campaign of 
a week in the following month, partici- 
pateil in by committees of nearly 4.000 
citizens, subscriptions were seeure<l for 
approximately $3,<K)0.000 from over 
1<K{.(NN) penums. Mr. Fortune has contin- 
ued at the head of the War Chest R«mrd. 
He is also a memlwr of the Executive- 
(*<»mniittee of the national organization of 
war chi-sts, cities representing almut 
*7o.tHXMM»0 of war relief funds. 

He has been at the head of organizefl 
movements which have raisetl more money 
bv donation for public purpoam than any 
other citizen of Indianapolis. Cmier hia 
leadership over $4,000,000 was ra]se«l in 
Indianapolis for war relief and other pob-* 




(Clu^^^/^^C 



r: 




/^e4^ 



1422 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Gettysburjr. Lo(»kout Mountain and many 
others. At the dose of the war he re- 
ceived an honorable discharge, and soon 
returned to Valparaiso), where he married 
a second wife. He spent his last years 
as a farmer in Kansiis, and died in that 
state in 15)05, at the aire of seventy-eight. 

Father Quinlan was only two years of 
age when his mother died. He attended 
the parm'hial sch<K)Is of Valparaiso, took 
his classical course in St. Francis Semi- 
nary near .Milwaukee and graduatinl in 
1^!*0. lie waN ordained a priest June 22, 
iSiM). snu\ his first mass nn the 2!Mh of 
June. an«I on July 4th arrived at Fort 
Wayne, where he \va< aippointed by Mishop 
Dwcn^rer as as-siNfant past«»r nf \\u* Cathe- 
dral, lie wiis busied with the duties i»f 
tlijit ortirt* fi»r eijrhf years. In 1**'.».*^ lie was 
transferred tu Huntin^rton. Indiana, ainl 
there f'stablishiMl St. .Marys Tarish. His 
W4»rk at Iluntinjrtnii was thor«>ujrhly con- 
stru<-tivt'. Ill' liuilt a briek i-hureh. sehool- 
house. a pastoral resideiire ainl Sisters' 
home, aiul did all this and kept the parish 
growing for a |>erio«l of :{t.. years. 
Manh 10. VM)\, be was reealled'to* Fort 
Wayne and nia«le nvtor of the Cathedral. 
Hut strenuous devotion to his duties had 
seriously undermineil his health and after 
Nix iiKiiiths hi' sutTered a complete break- 
down and was given a temporary relief 
from duty. Later he returne«l to Hunt- 
ink'ton and remained in that citv until 
July 6. IJMO. At that date he resume<l 
his duties as rector nf the Cathedral at 
Fort Wayne, and is n<»w in the ninth eon- 
se.-uti\e viar of Irs service in that position. 

John Mokkis. who U-gan praetiee at 
Fort Wayne thirty years ago. has helpeil 
further ti» linnor tlie profession wliieh in 
the pi-rsini of his father, the lat«» Ju«lge 
Jiiliri Mnrris. had nne nf its most ilistin- 
guislti'd nii-mbers in Indiana. 

Three years after Judge Morris loeated 
at Fort Wayne his son John was born, 
Mar.-h 24. 1m;i». Mr. Morris spent his 
early years in the Fort Wayne jiublie 
whools. aufi was a member f»f the elans of 
1n>:! of the Cniversity of Michigan. His 
law studies w«»re largely direeted bv hi*i 
fallier and Juilk'e William II. CiM»mbs for 
three years. In June. Ism;, after his ail- 
niission to the Kar. he formeil a partner- 
ship with Charles H. Worden and th»*y 
Were asMM'iateil until May 22, 1**!»:<. when 
Mr. Mtirris auil William* l\ linen estab- 



lished the firm of Breen & Morris, now- 
one of the oldest as well as one at the 
stn)ngest professional alliances in Fort 
Wayne. From IHS'J to lS9:i Mr. Morris 
was also deputy clerk of the I'nited States 
Court. In 1904 Mr. Morris was chosen 
as dele^rate from Indiana to the Interna- 
tional Ctmgress of Lawyers and Jurists at 
St. Louis. He is a director of the People's 
Trust & Savings Assot*iation and has many 
other interests that identify him with his 
home city and state. 

Mr. Morris is a stanch republican. He 
is a member of the Allen County and In- 
diana Bar associations and the American 
Law Ass4)eiation. He is a Scottish Kite 
Mas«>n. an Klk and a ineml>er of the (Colum- 
bia Club of Indianapolis, the Fort Wayne 
Commenial Club and the Fort Wayne 
Count rv Club. 

JiiHiK John Mokkis. Of Imliana law- 
yers who exemplified the rule that the law 
is a profession and n<»t a trade, the late 
Jutlge John Mi»rris so distinguished his 
prai'tice and emlNMliment of the ndc that 
his example might well be studied and 

emulatinl bv everv lawver in the state. 

• • • 

Sixty years ago he lneate<l at Fort 
Wayne, and fnmi that city his skill and 
abilities as an attornev anti his loftv and 
high minded character spread its int1uen«*e 
over all of Northern Indiana. His life 
was as iontr as it was noble. He was !K>rn 
in Columbiana County. Ohio, Ihvemlier 
i\, l.*^lt). and dirtl at Ftirt Wayne in 190,'>. 
at the age of eighty-eight. His life proved 
amoiiir other things the value of giMwl in- 
heritanee. His ani*estors were long lived, 
sturdy. u|>right stiK'k. and most of them 
of the (Quaker faith. His great-grand- 
father. Jenkins Morris, was a naval en- 
gineer, and during the latter part of the 
eiirhtci'iith centurv came from Wab»s and 
settled in Loutloun County. Virginia. He 
ae«|uirei| large tracts of land, and live<I 
by selling pi»rtions of it as his nec<Hisities 
reipiired. His son John Morris a^'com. 
fdished one (»f th<»se stages so familiar in 
the jimgress of the American people west- 
ward, ami in iHil moved to (*olumbiana 
County. Ohio, and lM»eame a farmer. Some 
of his iiriirinal land is still owned by the 
family, and on the old farm were lN»ni 
his ehildren and the (*hildren of his son 
Jonathan. Jonathan Morris wastho father 
of Judge Morris. Jonathan Morris* moth- 
er. Sarah Triby, was in point of years 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1423 



of hmft Ufe the iiu^st notable of Judfr^ 
M(>rris' aiirestors. She was lM>rn May 9, 
1744, and die<l April 15. 1846, when nearly 
1(»2 yean* of afre. Jud^e Morris' maternal 
(rrandniother dietl in her ninety-sixth 
vear. •Imiatlian Morris married Sarah 

• 

Snider. wh(» was of (lerman d«*s<*ent. thoucrh 
tlie Sniders liad roiuf in \1W to Colum- 
biana Count V. Ohio. 

.lohn Morris, fourth in th«' fainilv of 
twelve rhildrrn, livetl on his father's farm 
to the ape of tift*»en. During the winter 
.'iionths lie attciKletl tlie (Quaker M*hr»ols in 
the neiphlH>rh<HNi and tiien went to Hieh- 
mond. Indiana, and spent three years study- 
ing history, natural philosophy and mathe- 
maties at the (Quaker Aeademy. The next 
three years were pas.s4»ii at New Lislt^tn in 
Columbiana County, where he worked at 
the trade of millwright with his friend. 
Dr. J. E. Ilendrieks. afterward a well 
known mathematieian and author of the 
••Annalist." a mathematical work in ten 
volumes. While working he and his friend 
studied literature an<l mathematics under 
Abijah MeClain and Jesse Cnderwoo*!. 

While teaehinp school in the winter 
months J(»hn Morris at the ape of twenty- 
one bepan to study law under William I). 
Kwinp. then one (»f the |)rominent mendiers 
of the Ohio l^ar. At twenty-four he was 
examined for admission to the bar by two 
judpes of the Ohio Supreme C<Mirt and 
in the presence of mnny hM»al and visitinp 
lawvers at New LisIkmi. One (»f thos<» who 
assisted in <*onduetinp the examination was 
Edwin M. Stanton, afterwanl a meml>er 
of LiiK'oliCs cabinet, and still an<»ther wa^ 
David To«l. afterward povernor of Ohio. 
That his qualitications were al)ove the ordi- 
narv is evident in the fart that iiinne^liatelv 
after his admission to tlie bar he was otTered 
a partnership by Hiram (iriswobl. one of 
the defenders of .lohn Brown. Hut he 
at'cepted this partnershij> for only a brief 
time, and in 1>»44 sonpht the su]»erior op- 
|»ort unities of the new towns in Indiana 
and with his friend Hendricks bepan prae- 
ti«-e at Aubnrn. Indiana. .ludL'e Morris 
in 1*^.VJ wa»i candidate for ju«lue of the 
Common Pleas Court for DeKalb and Steu- 
ben r«»nnti«»s. and was electi-d over his 
<lefn<H'ratii* opponent in a stronply demo- 
eratif district. 

.Iu«lpe Morris came to Fort Wayne in 
Ik'*?, at the invitation of Charles Csne, 
an<l entered the tirm of (*ase. Morria & 
Withers. While at Auburn he had bcconie 



acipiainted with Jamea L. Wonlen, and 
theirs was a In^autiful friendship lasting 
in Kinpidar purity and strenpth until the 
deatli of Mr. Worden. A few years later 
Charles Case was elected a memlK?r of 
Conpress. In 1H64. after Judpe Worden 
had been defeated as demcK-ratic eandidate 
for the Supreme Court, he and Judge 
Morris entered into the partnership of Wor- 
den & Morris. whi<'h continuetl until Wor- 
den was e!e<*ted to the Supreme Beneh 
in 1870. After that Judpe Morris con- 
tinued practice with Mr. Withers until 
1^73. and then entered the firm of Coorabfi, 
Morris & Hell. 

In 1S81 the Lepislature provided for a 
commission for the relief of the Supreme 
Court. It was pr(»vided that the members 
of the Supreme Court sh<mld ap])oint five 
persons t«» serve as commissioners, each 
judpe to select one commissioner from his 
judicial district. Judpe Worden. though 
a d«»mo<Tat. sehcted Judpe Morris, a re- 
publican, as member of this commission. 
II is service as commi.ssioner continued from 
April 27. IKSJ. to SeptemWr 1, 1883. 
While cm the commission he (U^'ided 175 
ca*i<*s. which are rt»ported in Volumes 73 
to jn of the ** Reports of the Supreme 
CiMirt." His decisions are charaeterize<i 
by lucid style, sound lopic and a strong 
sense of justice of e<|uity. and they served 
to su|)plement the estimate that Judge 
Morris pos.ses.sed the highest qualifieations 
for judicial work. 

On resipninp from the commission Judge 
Morris betran j>raetice at Fort Wayne with 
ChaHes H. Aldrich and James M. Harrett 
i.inler the name (»f Morris. Ablrieh & Bar- 
rett. He was head of this firm until Mr. 
Aldrirh reinc»ved to Chicago in 1886, after 
wliirh he and Mr. Harrett were as,so<'iated 
as .Morris & Harrett until 1891. At that 
date thev iniite«l with the firm of Hell & 
Morris under the same name Morris. Bell, 
Harrett & Morris. January 1. 1898, Mr. 
Bell retired, and the firm was then Morris, 
Barrett & Morris until Judpe Morris ac- 
cepted the position of referee in bank- 
ruptcy for the Fourteenth District, to 
which he had been apj)oinT»*tl by Judpe 
Baker. The clerical duties of this |>osition 
prove<I unconpenial and he j)romptly re. 
sipned. He then resumed practice with 
his grandson, Edwani J. WiHHiworth. and 
that a8s<M*iation eontinueil until he praeti- 
cally retired a short time liefore his death. 
Coneeniiif hit eharaeter both as lawyer 



1424 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



and man it ia fortunate that a<*cess can 
be had to an article written by a member 
of the bar published in the Indiana I^w 
Journal in 1899, when Jud^e Morris was 
past four8<»ore and had practically per- 
fecto<l his record of usefulness, though still 
in active practice. 

His ctmteniporaries twenty yeai>« airo 
knew him as a man **of medium hei^rht. 
singularly erwt in form, spry in movement, 
with handsome, regular features, indicative 
of strength, firmness and intelligence, and 
with hair and whisk«»rs white as the purest 
snow. He is always affable, |>olitc and 
genial. His manner is of the quiet, digni- 
tie<l type, not wanting in cordiality, but 
never (Irifting into cxtrcm«*s. With a keen 
siMisc of propriety and great regard for the 
feelings of otliers. his manners are always 
gt*ntle and his dciiicanor towards all is 
kindness itself. His uniform rourtesv and 
eoiisideration for the rights and feelings 
of others are <listiiirtive features of his 
character, and have won for him the warm 
friendship of all who know him. He is 
generous to a fault. His |»urse is always 
0|>en to the unfortunate, even to those 
whiwe affli«'ti<nis are srlf.inii»ose<l. His life 
has been an exemplitieatif>n of the virtues 
and graces of a (luiet. dignified, etiurteous 
giMitleman." 

.ludire Morris was fond of tin* «*ountry, 
of dom(*stif animals, and of all the varied 
life of the outdoors, and took the keenest 
I)leasnre always in his lionie garden and 
grounds. Hut all this was sul»sidiary to 
his life as a student. He was a lover of 
lM>oks. his mind was fashioned tf> study, 
intlustry and rest»an*h. and the fart that he 
was a ktM*n student of mathematies and df- 
liglitcd in (• iTuplit'ated ]»r«>l>lems furnishes 
a strong hint as to the faculty which made 
him sui'li a master of n)urt and trial t«vh- 
nic. rpon the law he concentrated all the 
resi»ure«»s of a jt^hhI mind, a giMnl character, 
and lifelotu; stmly and industry. He so 
completely mastcrcil the formal ti»*'hnic of 
the law, including the definition of legal 
terms, an«l memori/ing the volume an<l 
page (*ontaininir leading cases, that it all 
fieeame incorporate*! into his very l)eing 
and left his min«l and judtrment free for 
the larger and broa«ler ivsues. The law 
was in fact his one pa.ssion. It is said 
that no one could suggest to him a difticult 
legal pro]»oKition that he wimld not in- 
stantly lH*gin a sean'h of the Uxiks to tind 
its solutifui. The writer already quoted 



descri})es his methods and manners as a 
lawyer : 

'*IIe is indefatigable in the preparation 
of every ease intrusted to him. Never con- 
tent with the investigation of his client's 
side of the cause, he studied with almost 
equal care the side of his adversary. He 
learneil the facts and decisions that would 
be used against him and was prepared to 
parry them. The lawyers who met him 
soon learned that they eoidd not safely 
rely upon the slips of their adversar\\ He 
has always enjoyetl the confidence of the 
courts and juries, and the respect, esteem 
and love of his professional associates. He 
usually addresses the court or jurj' in a 
<iuiet. common sense manner, in low and 
gentle tones, but when arousetl by opposi- 
ticm the calm <lemeanQr vanishes and his 
whole nature seems changed, with power- 
ful voice, flashing. eye, earnest mien and 
forceful argument. Always courteous to 
an opiH)nent, he never wastes words in 
effusive or insincere compliments. 

"He is a shrewd and skillful cross ex- 
aminer, and jM>s.s«»sses the rare faculty of 
knowing what ipiestions not to a.sk. He 
never browbeats a witness, but treats him 
with rcspiH't and deference, thereby secur- 
ing his good opinion and confidence. Al- 
though his examination of a reluctant or 
untruthful witness is always thorough and 
often severe, his metho<]s are so suave that 
the witness does not S4»em to realize the 
fact. 

**Hy hard lalior. close attention to busi- 
ness, an in<Iomitable will, an unimpeach- 
able int«»grity and unswerving fitlelity to 
his clients he soon reache<l the front rank 
of his |irofession and for fifty years he has 
enjoyed the distinction of being the rec- 
ognized leader of the bar of northern 
Indiana. The meml>ers of the bar look 
to him for guidance, and his influence 
among them has In^n unmeasured. His 
time and knowIiMige were always freely 
at the disposal of other lawyers, and many 
have not hesitateil to take advantage of his 
gfMxl nature l»eyond the limits of profes- 
sional I'ourtesy. 

•*His well meritetl reputation for ex- 
tensive knowledge of the law. for untiring 
zeal in the cause of his client, and for 
alisolute honesty, seeured for him a large 
and extensive practii*e. For nearly half 
a century he has !>een interente^I in most of 
the im|)ortant litigation of northeastern 
Indiana. Had he meatured the value of 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1426 



Rervic6« as highly ax many lawyers of less 
ability and reputation he could have been 
rich. * Hut hia one fault, if fault it ean 
be ealle<l, is his underestimate of the value 
of his own services. His charges were 
always far l>elow those usually prevail- 
ing for like services. To the poor his advice 
and <'oun8«»l were always free." 

The inheritance of wealth would have 
meant little to such a man l>csidc the in- 
heritance of strc»ng and virile qualities 
of manhood. lie achieved success on his 
merit, and as a result of many years of 
hard and conscientious labor, and through 
his entire career there was never a breath 
of suspicion or any action that compro- 
misetl his personal honor and integrity. 
lie was in fact as he has been dt^cribed 
**a man of s|>otless integrity, of earnest 
convictions upon all great questions, frank 
and outspoken, but as tender heartcil as a 
woman. A better or more conscientious 
man has rarely live<l. His ruling j>assion 
has l)eeii a noble ambition to leave as a her- 
itage the record of an honest, well spent 
life/' 

Judge Morris was an ardent republican 
and one who thoroughly l)elieve<i in the 
principles and |>olicy of his party. But 
as this record shows, he was not a seeker 
for office and seldom accepted even ap- 
pointment. The two great interests of his 
life were his profession and his home. On 
April 27, 1S41. soon after his admission 
to the liar, he marrie<l Miss Theresa Jane 
Farr. and their companionship continued 
unbroken for fiftv vears. 

**To all who knew him Ju«lge Morris 
will be remembered as a plain, unassuming, 
honest man, an able lawyer, self reliant and 
wlf made, pure in public life an<l private 
conduet, of lofty ideals and high honor — 
the noblest tyi>e of American eitizenship.*' 

(\\LviN Fi.ETcuKR was !>oni in T-udlow, 
Vennont. February 4. T79H. The Town of 
Ludlow is in the (N»nntv of Windsor, and 
is situated on the eastern slope of the 
On*en Mountain range, midway lM»tween 
Kutland and Mellows Kails. A ri<lge of 
hiifhlands separates the <*ounti(»s of Winilsor 
and Hutland and forms the l>oundarv lie- 
tween the towns of Ludlow and Mount 
Holly, the latter l)eing in the (%»unty of 
Rutland. Mr. Fletcher wa^ a deseendant 
of Rol)ert Fleteher, who was a native of 
one of the northern counties of England, 
probably Yorkshire, and settled in Con- 



cord, Massachusetts, in 1630, where he died 
at the age of eighty-five April 3, 1677, 
leaving four sons, Francis, lAike, WiUiam 
and Samuel. Calvin's father, Jesse Fletch- 
er, a son of Timothy Fletcher, of West- 
ford, Massachusetts, was born in that town 
Noveml>er 9, 1763, and was preparing for 
college under his elder brother, the Rev. 
Klijah Fletcher of Hopkinton, New Hamp- 
shire, when the troubles of the Revolution 
arrested his progress. He joined the pa- 
triotic anny at the age of sixteen and 
served in two campaigns of six or eight 
months each toward the close of the war. 
Jes.se 's brother Klijah was the pastor of 
the ehurcli in Hopkinton from January 
2:^. 1773, until his death April 8, 1786. 
The second daughter of Rev. Elijah 
Fletcher was Ciraee, a most accomplished 
and attraetive person, who became the first 
wife of the great American statesman and 
orator. Daniel Webster. Col. Fletcher 
Webster (who fell at the head of his regi- 
ment in the second battle of Hull Run, 
August :U), 1862) reeeive<l at his christen- 
ing the family name of his mother. Calvin 
Flet<'her and his oldest son. Rev. J. C. 
Fleteher. more than onee talked with Daniel 
Welister ccmcerning this cherished first 
wife, Grace. The daughter of Grace's 
brother (Timothy Fleteher) became the 
wife of Do<'tor Brown -Se<piard, the famous 
specialist of Paris. France. Jesse married 
in 17S1. when alwut eighteen years old, 
Luey Keyes of West ford, who was bom 
November 15. 1765. being therefore hardly 
sixteen when she be<*ainc the bride of Jesse. 
The young eou|)le migrates! from West- 
ford to Ludlow, Vermont, about the year 
17H.S. and were among the first settlers of 
the place. From that time until the day of 
his death, in February. IH.U, Jesse Fletcher 
lived on the same farm, a farm still in 
the possession of his descendants. He 
was the first town* clerk of Ludlow, was 
a justice of the peace, and the second rep- 
resentative to the General Court from 
Ludlow. In that town all his fifteen chil- 
dren, exeept the eldest, were lH)rn. His 
widow. Lney Keyes Fleteher died in 1846. 
Calvin was the eleventh of these fifteen 
rhildren, most c>f wh(mi live<l to maturity. 
Cnder the teachings of an excellent fa- 
ther and mother of more than ordinary 
ability. Calvin early learned those habits 
of industry and self-reliance and those 
principles of uprightness which uniformly 
characterized him in after Ufe. While 



1426 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



performinj? all the duties exacte<l from a 
boy oil a New England farm in those days 
he s<M>n manifested a stronir desire for 
rlassical education, which was stimulated 
}K»th l»y his mother's advice and the sue- 
cess of his brother Elijah, who had a few 
years liefon* complete*! his i*olloj?e course 
at Dartmouth Collegre. In accordance with 
the prevailing custom of the early New 
England families, his parents had selected 
Elijah as the one In^st titteil by natural 
endowments and l>ent of mind to re<»eive 
a collcjre education. Such selection of but 
one member of a larjre family was indeed 
a matter of nfMM»ssity in tliose days, when 
all were ol)IijretI to labor liard for the stfrn 
necessities of life. Throiijrh liis own ex- 
ertions Calvin earned money cnoujrh to pay 
the expenses of a l»rief n)ursc of instruc- 
tion at the academics of Uandolph and 
Koyalton in Vermont, and afterwards at 
the rather famous fliissica! acatlemy of 
West ford, Massachusetts. His rlassical 
studies were internipted by peeuniary dif- 
ti«'ulti«*s at home. His father l»e<*ame ti- 
nant'iaily (>mbarrasseil ; the older sons and 
dau^liters had already ^one out into the 
world. an<l Calvin obtained permission from 
his fattier to f^o also. His classical studies 
had pnx-ee«Ied as far as Virjril, and he had 
pn»bably taken ileli^rht in readini; of the 
wanderings of the pious -^-jieas. He ileter- 
mined to W a sailor, and in April. 1><17, 
in liis nineteenth year, he went to Boston 
and tri<'<I to obtain a iH^rth on iMiard an 
East Intliaman. lie faileil to fn*t an en- 
ira^ement as a sailor In^fore the mast, and 
thereupon turneil his fa«'e toward the coun- 
try west of the Albirhenies. He workeil 
his wav. mostlv (»n fm>t. tc) Pennsvlvania. 
wberi' \\v eruraireil liiniself for a short time 
as a ialH>rer in a brickyard. II<* liad left 
home in a spirit of ailventure. and had 
l)v no nutans laiti asitb^ his literarv tastes. 
Wliile working as a ialMirer lie always «»ar- 
ri«*«I with him a siiuill (Hlitit>n of Pope's 
|MHMiis. whii'h he reatl ' particularly the 
translation of Homer's Iliad and the Odvs- 

• 

Ht»y ■ at eai'h ?iiomi»nt of leisure. Hut his 
)>rick-makin^ came speeilily to an end. 
His intelli«rence attracted the attention of 
a (gentleman named F«H)tr. by whom he 
was encouraired to travel further westward, 
to the State of Ohio. Mr. Fletiher has 
hiniM'lf tliM-rilwHl this period of his life in a 
letter to Mr. John Wanl Dean. cornN|»onil. 
inir Ntvretary of the New Enirland Historic 



Genealoirical Society, dated March 25, 1861, 
in which he says: 

'*In two months I workeil my way, 
mostly on foot, to the western part of 
Ohio, and stopped at Trbana, then the 
frontier settlement of the state, and had 
no letters of intrmluction. I obtained la- 
lM>r as a hired-hand for a short time, and 
then a si*hool. In the fall of 1817 I ob- 
tained a jHwition in the law office of Hon. 
James Cooley. a irentlenian of talents and 
tine e<lucation. one of a lar^re cla.ss which 
jrraduatiHl at Yale under Dr. Dwight. He 
was sent to l*eru (as \\ S. charge d'af- 
faires) under John l^uiney Adams* ad- 
ministration, and ditNl there." 

During the interval l»etween his school 
teaching and entering u|>on the study of 
law at Mr. Cooley's office, he was for a 
time private tutor in the family of a Mr. 
<fwin, whose tine library gave him an ex- 
«i»Ment oppi»rtunity for n>adintr. In 1819 
he went to Kiehmontl. Virginia, and was 
licensed to practice by the Supreme <'ourt 
of the old Dominion. At one time he 
thought of settling in Virginia, but even 
then his strong love of free<lom and respect 
for the right of man made him renounce his 
intention. He was an anti-slaver>' man 
from principle, and was one when it cost 
something to l»e one. No person who was 
not living thirty or forty years ago in the 
siuithern part of Ohio or Indiana can re- 
alize the bitter prejudice that then existed 
against the old-time almlitionists; he was 
considered an enemy of his <»ountr>-. and 
was subjerteil to both Bi>eial and |)oHtical 
ostracism. But this did not deter Mr. 
Fletiher nor cause him to alter his course. 
He onre said to one of his sons, long after 
he had ln'come <*eb*brate<l as a lawyer in 
the iiew capital of the State of Indiana: 
"When I am in the eourt house, engagetl 
in an important cas<', if the governor of 
the state should s«»nd in word that he wished 
to speak to me. I would reply that I could 
not go: but if a (Quaker should touch me on 
the shoulder ami say *a colorefl man is 
out here in distress ami fear,' I would 
leave the court house in a minute to see 
the man, for I feel that I would have to 
accfiunt at that last day when He shall 
ask me if I have visitwl the sick and those 
in prison or iMmdage. and fe<l the jMior. 
The irrtat of this world can take care of 
theniM-lves. but Ofsl has made us stewards 
o{ the downtrodden. an«l we must account 
to Him.'* A man of this stamp could, of 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1427 



course, find no ahidinfir place at that time 
in Viri^inia. and Mr. Fletcher, renouncing 
hi.H intention of Hcttling there, returned to 
UrJmna, where he became the law partner 
of Mr. i.'ooley in 1820. Quoting again 
from the autohiographical sketch embodied 
in his h'tter to Mr. Dean, we use Mr. 
Fletcher's own words in describing this 
pcriixl of his career: 

*]n the fall of 1820 I was admitted to 
the bar, and l>ecame the law partner of 
my worthy friend and patron, Mr. Cooley. 
In the summer of 1821 the Delaware In- 
dians left the central part of Indiana, then 
a total wilderness, and the new state se- 
le<*tcd and laid off Indianapolis as its fu- 
ture capital, but did not make it such until 
bv removal of the state archives and the 
transfer of all state offices thither in No- 
veml>er, 1824, and by the meeting of the 
I/Cgislature there on the 10th of January, 
1825. I had married, and on my request, my 
worthy partner permitted me to leave him 
to take up my residence at the place desig- 
nated as the seat of government of Indiana. 
In September of that year I left Trbana 
with a wagon, entered the wilderness, and 
after traveling fourteen days and camping 
out the same number of nights, reached 
Indianapolis, where there were a few newly 
erected cabins. No counties had been laid 
off in the newly acquired territory, but 
in a few years civil divisions were made. 
I commentied the practice of law, and 
traveled twice annuallv over nearlv one- 
thini of the northwestern part of the state, 
at first without roads, bridges or ferries. 
In 1825 I was appointe<l state's attorney 
for the Fifth Judicial Circuit, embracing 
some twelve of fifteen counties. This office 
I held al>out one year, when I was elect e<l 
to the State Senate, served seven years, 
resigned, and gave up official positions, 
as I then supposiMl. for life. Hut in 1834 
I was ap|>ointed by the liCgislature one 
of four to organize a state l>ank, and to 
act as sinking-fund commissioner. I held 
this pla«*e als<i for seven years. From 1843 
to IS.V.) I aett»tl as president of the branch 
of the state Imiik at Indianapolis, until 
the eharter expireil." 

The simple and unostentatious words in 
wliieh Mr. Fletehcr alludes to his connec- 
tion witli the state do n(»t convey any idea 
of the stniggle he hatl to go through in 
reference to its organization. As senator 
of the State of Indiana he gave great of- 
fense to some of his constituents by oppos- 



ing the first charter proposed for the or- 
ganization of a state bank. He resigned 
the senatorship, and the next year another 
charter was prepared which obviated the 
objections. This charter passed through 
the Legislature, and on the organization 
of the bank he became a director on the 
part of the state, antl thenceforward gave 
banking and finance a large portion of his 
time and attention. Mr. Fletcher was the 
first prosecuting attorney as well as the first 
lawyer who practiced his profession in 
Jndiana|K)Ii.H. Ilis sterling honesty and 
strict attention to business soon gained for 
him a large and lucrative practice. Hon. 
Daniel 1). Pratt, at one time United States 
senator from Indiana, was a student in 
his office, and has contributed his recol- 
lections of Mr. Fletcher in a letter written 
after his old law pnH*eptor's death, in 
which he says: 

**In the fall of 18:53 I entered his office. 
He was then about thirtv-five vears of 
age. possessed of a large practice, in the 
Cinniit and in the Supreme Court, standing 
by common consent at the head of the pro- 
fession in central Indiana and commanding 
the unqualified confidenee of the commu- 
nity. He fully deserve<l that confidence. 
ScTupulou.sly honest, fair in his dealings 
with his clients, untiring in their interests, 
I do not think I have ever met a man in 
the legal proft»ssion of greater activity, 
energy, earnestness and application to busi- 
ness. He forgot nothing, neglected nothing 
necessary to l)e done. This was the grreat 
secret of his professional success. Mr. 
Fletcher was a strong man, physically, 
morally and intellectually. In the early 
stages of his pioneer life he had to meet 
men face to faee. and at times with bodily 
force he had to resist those who attempted 
to deprive him of his rights. There were 
no eourts at first in the infant settlement 
of Indiana to take (^gnizance of breaches 
of the peace, but each man had to be, as 
it were. *a law unto himself.' " 

He was equal to the emergency, and 
could defeuil himself. In the same spirit 
he stcKKl ready also to l>efriend those who 
othemi.st* might have }>een injured. He had 
when young felt the pn^ssure of poverty, 
and had learned life from actual contact 
with its difficulties, and while this gave 
additional force and edge to his good sense 
and ac(|uainte<l him with the details of 
humble life, it also aroused, his disposition 
to take the part of the poor, the helpl 



1428 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



and the oppressed. To them his services 
were often gratuitous or for meager com- 
penKation. HiA sympathies were alwaya 
active, and he had the faculty of confer- 
ring great l)enefit8, not so much by direct 
aid s» by teaching them how to help them- 
selves. Among those whom he thus befriend- 
ed were many of the colored race, who in his 
early years were still in bondage and who 
were only admitted to citizenship in the 
closing years of his life. Several elements 
contril)uted to Mr. Fletcher's eminent suc- 
cess as a lawyer. One of his most service- 
able powers was his remarkable memory, 
which seemed to h«)ld all that was com- 
mitted to it. In his law office it was he 
who kept in mind all the details and who 
watched all the points of «ianger. He was 
a shrewd and Migaeious judge of men, and 
had the faculty of inferring character from 
circumstaniM»s jsenerally overlooked. A 
l(K'al rhronieler says: ''When intro<luced 
to a stranger, he would for some minutes 
give him his i-xclusive attention. He wcmld 
notice every remark and movement, every 
expression of feature, and even the mi- 
nutiae of dress, yet he did all this without 
giving oflfcnse. Me seemctl to be ever under 
Konie controlling influence which led him 
to study eharacter.'* He n»viewed his cases 
drainatieally. and realized them in actual 
life, then the legal aspects of the case 
were exainine<l, authorities consultetl, and 
the question involved settled after cautious 
tlelil»erati4tn. lie was not oratorical in ad- 
dn*ssing juri(»s. but was a clear and eflPei'tive 
speaker. His most pnmnnent talent was 
his insight into the motiv«»s of parties and 
witness<»s, an<l he was especially strong 
in en)s.s-examination. In c»ne case a wit- 
ness who was eoinpelled by him on cross- 
examination to dJM'losf* facts which con- 
trail ii'ted liis eviden«*e in chief, fainte<I, 
and liis evitieni'c was disreganied by the 
jury. Hurinir the prixM^ss of making up 
his (bN'jsions on qui-stions i»f law or policy 
he preMTVed entire inpartiality. and was 
rt*a<lv at anv moment to abamlon an un- 
tenable theory nr opinion. He discouraged 
all unntve»*sary litigati(»n. and had great 
sui'i-evs in adjusting cases by agreenient of 
the parti«*s. To this |>oint in his character 
many well-to-do residents of Indiana)>oliK 
have feelingly te«ititie<l in re»*ent years, and 
have Kjiid that to the gJMnl advice of Calvin 
Mete her tin y nwe^l all they pot#«essed. His 
calm, just and effective method of reason- 
ing with clients who cvne to him in the 



flush of heated controversy and thirsting 
for revenge for real or fancied wrongs was 
like pouring oil on the troubled waters. 
*' Settle out of court and save costs," was 
a favorite maxim of his that will be remem- 
bered until all who knew him have passed 
away. 

Notwithstanding that his fees were mod- 
erate, his business was so extensive and his 
industry achieved so much that his income 
was large. His judicious investments and 
his plain and unostentatious mode of liv- 
ing letl to the rapid accumulation of 
wealth. He was an example of temper- 
ance, avoiding the use of either liquor or 
tobacco, and never playetl cards, although 
that was a great pastime among the law- 
yers in his early days. The bar, judge and 
people were then thrown much together at 
cimntry inns, and social and conversational 
talents were <»f great advantage to a law- 
yer. Here Mr. Fletcher was remarkably 
well en<lowed. hospitable to his friends, 
amiable to tho.se in his office, and popular 
with all. Mr. Fletcher during his long 
career as a lawyer had several partners and 
tlii'y were friends to whom he was deeply 
attached, and the attachment was recip- 
nx'al ; the prosperity of one was the pnw- 
perity of all. The two partners with 
whom he was the longest assoi*iated were 
Ovid Butler and Simon Yandes. .Mr. But- 
ler, after a prospenms carwr. founded 
what is now known as "Butler Univer- 
sity." at Irvington. Indiana, which is one 
at the most flourishing educational insti 
tutions of the (*hristian denomination. 
Simon Yandes was a student with Messrs. 
Fletcher and Butler in 18.37-38, after 
which he tiwk a wmrse at the law school 
of Harvard University, and became the 
partiuT of his old instructors— the firm of 
Fletcher. Butler & Yandes continuing until 
the senior partner retire^! in 1843. 

In his autoliiographical sketch from 
which we have already (jUoted. Mr. Fletch- 
er says: *' During the forty years I have 
resiiled in Indiana I have devote<l much of 
my time to agriculture and so<*ieties for 
its promotion, and served seven years as 
trustee of our city schoiils. I have been 
favorwl with a larire family, nine sons and 
two daughters. Three of the former have 
taken a regular course and graduatetl at 
Brown rniversity. Providence. Rhinle Is- 
land, and two a partial course at the same 
institution. I have written no books, but 
have assisted in compiling a law book.*' 



INDIANA AND 1NDIANAN8 



1429 



In 1860 he became a corre«pondin|f member 
of the New England Historic Oenealo^cal 
So<»iety, to the Heoretar>' of which this let- 
ter was written. He was a jrreat lover of 
nature, taking much interest in the study 
of oniitholofO'* ^nd making himself famil- 
iar with the habit.H, instincts and character- 
istics c»f birds. The domestic animal found 
in him a sympathizing friend. The works 
of Audulxm had a prominent place in his 
library, which includc<l a well select e<l col- 
lection of general literature, and an ac- 
cumulation of l(M*al newspapers (which he 
had neatly l>ound). books, and magazines 
of inestimable value to the student of west- 
ern history, which at his death was depos- 
itetl in one of the institutions of the city 
of Indiana{>olis. Simon Yandcs. Esq., his 
former partner, in t€»stifying to the charac- 
ter of Mr. J'^letcher, states that what Alli- 
l>one in his ** Dictionary- of Authors" says 
of Dr. Daniel Drake, of Cincinnati, is 
eminently true of Calvin Fletcher, viz.: 
*'IIis habits were simple, temperate, ab- 
stemious; his labors incessant.'* There was 
much in common between the two men. 
AUibone s further description of Drake is 
that of Calvin Fletcher: **A philanthro- 
pist in the largest sense, he devoted him- 
self freelv and habitually to works of 
l>enevolence and measures for the ameliora- 
tion of distress, the extension of religion 
and intelligence, the goo<l of his fellow 
creatures, the honor and prosperity of his 
countr>-." The fine tribute of Senator 
Pratt, from which we have already made 
a brief extract, concludes as follows: 

**He was a ver\* simple man in his ta.stes. 
Though possessed of ample means, no one 
could have inferred it from his manner of 
life. His family live<l and dressed plainly. 
He was himself without a particle of osten- 
tation: repiiblican simplicity chara<»terized 
every i)hasc of his life, at home and abroad, 
in his dn^ss. furniture, table and associa- 
tions. He was fond of the society of plain, 
unpretentious pc<»plc. The humblest man 
entered his house unabasheil. He took 
pleasure ifi the society of aspiring young 
men and in aiding them by his counsel. 
He never tired in advising them; in setting 
l>ef(»re them motives for diligence and gr>o<l 
conduct, and exampli*s of excellence. He 
was foml of pointing to eminent men in 
the different walks of life, of tracing their 
history, and i>ointing out that the secret 
of their success lay in the virtues of dili- 
gence, continuous application to a spe- 



cialty, strict integrity and temperance. 
Many young men of that period owe their 
formation of character to these teachings 
of Mr. Fletchei*. He taugrht them to be 
honest and honorable, to be just, exact, 
prompt, diligent and temperate. He was 
himself a shining example of all these vir- 
tues. They formed the granite base of his 
character. Others will speak of the relig- 
ious phase of his life. It was not common 
in those days to find men of the legal pro- 
fession of deep religious convictions and 
illustrating those convictions in their 
every -day life and conversation. Mr. 
Fletcher l)elonged to this exceptional class. 
Religious exercises in his family were 
habitual. He wa^ a constant attendant at 
church, and gave lil>erally to the support 
of the ministry. The succeas of his Mas- 
ter's Kingdom upon the earth lay very 
near his heart. He regarded religion as 
forming the only reliable basis for success- 
ful private and naticmal life. In his 
death the world has lost a good man, who 
contributcfl largely in laying the founda- 
tions, not oidy of the city where he dwelt, 
but of the state its(»lf. lie was one of its 
pioneers and leading men. His voice and 
example were ever on the side of virtue, 
and he contributed largely in molding the 
public character.** 

No interest of Calvin Fletcher's life was 
greater than that which he showe<l towards 
the public school of Indianapolis. He was 
one of three who constituted the first 
l>oarfl of s<'hool tnistees. In recognition 
of this fact and InH^ause he lalmred for 
years in the interest of a system excelled 
by none in this country, the school on Vir- 
ginia Avenue, No. 8, near his old home 
was named **The Calvin Fletcher School.'' 

The code of rules and regidations pre- 
pare<l by Mr. Fletcher when free schools 
were opened in Indianapolis in 185.3 con- 
stitutes the basis of the code in force in 
the public schools to<lay. 

Mr. Hetchcr's death, which occurred on 
the 26th of May. 1866. the result of a fall 
from his horse a few weeks previous, 
caused much public sorrow. He had long 
made for himself an honorable record as 
a banker after his retirement from the 
practice of law. and the bankers of In- 
dianapolis paKse<l resolutions on the day 
after his death, in whic'h they said: 

*His (Icvotion to every patriotic im- 
pulse; his vigilant and generous attention 
to every call of benevolence; his patient 



1430 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



(*are of all wholosoine means of puhlii* iin- 
provoinent; Iuh interest in the imperial 
<*Iaiins of relif^ion, morale and edueation. 
and his admirahle siieeess in sei*uring the 
hapi>iness and promoting? the eulture of a 
larpe family, show conclusively that what- 
ever importance he attached t<» the acciuisi- 
tion of wealth he never lost siRht of the 
n^ponsihility to that Great Being who 
smiled so generously on his life and whose 
approbation made his closing hours serene 
and liopeful." 

Among those who attended his funeral 
w<*rc a large numher of iM>lorcd people, 
whose friend he had always l)i»en, aiul who 
now tcstitictl their ilccp alTertion anil ven- 
eration for hi?u. Ills remains were in- 
terred in the i'enn»tery at Crown II ill. !n- 
iliaiiapoiis. 

Mr. Fli'teher was twice nmrried. His 
first wifi', Sarah Hill, a desremlant of the 
Randolphs of Virginia, was iMirn near 
Maysville. Kentucky, in 1H)1, hut her 
father. Josi^ph Hill, moved to Trhana. 
Ohio, when she was vi-ry young. This 
marriage, which t<M»k place in May, 1*^21, 
was a happy one in every respect. Mrs. 
FlctchiT was a <|uict, refined person, and 
one would judge from her <ielicate appear- 
ance that she woultl he unable 'to endure 
the rigors of a pioneer life, hut she prove<l 
e<{ual to the situation and not only nuule 
a happy h(»me for her husband and eleven 
ehildren, but her industry, economy and 
general goiHl manapMuent aided her bus. 
band very greatly in layinir the founila- 
tion for his fortuni». He «-herished her 
memorv. and her I'hiblren all hcM her in 
most irratet'ul reme?iibrance. The nam»^ 
of tht> cliililreii of Calvin and Sarah Hill 
FIcti'hrr are here ni»tei| in the onler of 
their birth: James Ciiojey. Klijah Timothy. 
Calvin. Miles Johnsiui. Stoughton Al- 
phonsii, Maria Ant«»inette Crawford. In- 
gram. William Baldwin. Stephen Keyes. 
Lui'V KevcN and An»ert Klli«»t. For his 
se«'f»nil wife Mr Fleteher marrieil Mp». 
Kc/iah Trice Li*»ter. \t» chiiilren were 
Inihi of this union. 

S-DM Mill Tun a. FrKTriiKR. .Ti-.\'H>B. wa< 
one of the eleven I'hiblren anil the fifth of 
nine sons Uirn to Calvin and S.irah ■ Hill 
Kletrher He was Imifu at Indianapolis 
Oi'toiNT *J."i. \yM. lived in the i*itv i*ontin- 
uouslv mon» than sixtv-threc vear». atnl 

• • • 

ilietl in his Infant iful home on ClitToril 



Avenue March 28. 1895. The simple rec- 
ord of his noble, unostentatious life is the 
most fitting eulogy that could be pn>- 
nounced. In youth he enjoyetl the benefit 
of wholesome discipline instituted by a 
broad-minded, practical Christian father 
to qualify his sons for self-support and 
useful citizenship. He had the eduea- 
ti<mal advantage atTonled by the best 
schools of Indiana, and a partial course 

in Brown I'niversitv at Providence. He 

• 

was trained on his father s farm in the 
actual work of husbandry, and manifested 
unusual aptitude for agricultural pursuits 
in U)yhood. He studied telegraphy and 
beeame a practical operator at the age of 
nineteen. This was supplemented by a 
study of the operating department of rail- 
roatls at an early day, and he was placeil 
in charge as conthi<*tor of the first train 
that ran f»ut of the Tnion Station at In- 
dianapolis, 4in the old Bellefontaine Rail- 
road, in June, isr>:). He applied himself 
with sueh assiduity as to l>ecome conver- 
sant with the maehinery employed an4l the 
methiNls of conducting railroad business. 
He could nin a bH*omotive antl umler- 
stand its parts as well as the pr«K*esK of 
construetion. His thomughness naturally 
leil to promotion and in two years he was 
superintendent of the nmd. After a valu- 
able and successful experience of five years 
in railroad servic(> he resigned in order 
to assume the duties of clerk and teller 
in the bank of his uncle. Stoughton A. 
Fleteher. With characteristic energj* he 
applied himsi>If to the task of learning all 
the details of banking. It was a matter 
of principle with him to know all that 
could }*o kn(»wn of any Imsiness with whif*h 
he was eonn«^*teil. whether it was fanning, 
railroading, telegraphy, l)ankinir or manu- 
facturing, ritimatfly he Ixvame a partner 
in the Iwnk. aHsiM>iate<1 with F. M. <'hurch- 
man. In 1^G^ he was elei'ted president of 
the Ifulianapolis (2as Company, and held 
thi- position for a period of more than ten 
years. He aei|uired a thorouirh. practical 
know lodge of the pro<»esH and the cost of 
making illuminating gas. managing the 
company's busini*vs with rare executive 
ability, rinin the reftrranization of the 
Atlas Kngine \V«irks, in l'*?^. he was 
chosen prenident of the company and re- 
taineil the position until his lieath. His 
name, his enerir>' and varieil experience 
ciunbined to build up and establish a man- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1431 



11 factory of engines and Imiloni une<|iiale<l 
in extent an<l efiuipinent by any Nimilar 
<M>nrern we«t of the AHeffhonies. A vihi- 
tor at the works would readily dijwern that 
the eye of a master was u|M)n every de- 
partment and a trained financier of strong 
mental grasp was managing the hiisiness. 
It is rretiitable to his humanity that (lur- 
ing the lonjf season of depression he kept 
the works running at a loss in order to 
Kiip|H)rt the men who ha<l served him long 
and faithfully. When impossible to em- 
ploy the whole force at the same time it 
was the custom to divide the men, giving 
employment to some of them one week and 
others the week following. By this plan 
all the families dependent upon the works 
were maintaineil. lie assiste<l in organiz- 
ing the Indianapolis National Hank and 
served as one of its directors for many 
years. At various times he was connected 
with other institutions and enterprises of 
importance, always in such a manner as 
to preserve a high character for honor and 
intcirrity. 

It was not alone in the domain of pri- 
vate busine.<iK or commercial affairs that 
Stoughtcm A. Flet<*her was conspicuously 
successful. lie is entitled to higher honor 
for his spirit and unselfish devotion to 
the community interests and welfare. lie 
was one of the earliest promoters of the 
pn>jeet to establish a new cemetery, se- 
lected the site of Crown Hill himself, as- 
sisted in the organization of the company, 
and was chos4»n treasurer of the Cemetery 
Association upon its incorporation in 1863. 
Fn>m 1875 to 1877 he serve*! as pn*sident 
of the association, and continue<l a mem- 
}»er of the l>oard for the remainder of his 
life. The l>eautv of that silent citv is due 
very largely to his taste, enterprise and 
lil>erality. Tnder his superintendence the 
loveliness of a natural site, impossilde to 
duplicate in all the surrounding country, 
was enhanre<l by skillful landscape-gar- 
dciiiui;. Mr. Fletcher was identified 
<»lthcr actively or in sympathy with every 
enterprise of popular concern in the city. 
Ilis rounsel was S4iught and his supi)ort 
e^di^t«*1^. He was at all times relieving 
want with open-handed lil»erality. but his 
Wnevoleiiee was n<»t exhausted by |>er- 
sonal <*ontributions to aid the sufFerinir. 
He quietly as.sisted many a worthy young 
man in defraying expenses incident to ae- 
<|uiring an eilucation. He also united 



with others to form charitable associations 
whose beneficence extends to all deser>'ing 
IM)or in the city. He was from the begin- 
ning a ineml>er of the Indiana State Hoard 
of (*harities, giving much time and thought 
to its work. His philanthn)py was^ com- 
prehensive in scope and purpose, assum- 
injf other forms than contributions to re- 
lieve the destitute. He offered to the city 
the site of a magnificent park, as a gift 
conditioned only upon its improvement and 
maintenance for the public use stipulated 
in the conveyance. He endeavored to pro- 
mote the welfare ami reformation of the 
unfortunate and the criminal. He was 
pn*sidcnt of the first Iwrnnl of trustees of 
the Indiana Reformatorv for Women and 
<iirls. As this was among the first institu- 
tions of its class established iu the Ignited 
States, its manag4*ment afTorde<l scope for 
the practical applications of his broad and 
wholesome views. 

He was nuirrie<l first in 18.')6. to Miss 
Ruth Elizabeth Harrows, daughter of 
Klisha Harrows. Es<|.. of Augusta. Maine, 
whose life, treasure* I in the memory of 
her ehildren. was one characterizetl by 
admirable wisdom in the management of 
affairs, by rare unselfishness and tender 
devotion to her hu.sband and family. Mrs. 
Fletcher died in 1889. Two sons and two 
daughters were born of this marriage: 
<'harles H. and Jesse, now deceased, were 
ass(M»iated with their father in the busi- 
ness of manufacturing, and continue<l the 
management of the Atlas Kngine Works 
after his death; Mrs. Edward F. Hodges, 
of Indianapolis; and Mrs. James R. Mac- 
farlane, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In 
December. 1891. he was married to Miss 
Marie I»uiM> Hright. daughter of the late 
Dr. John W. Hright of Lexington, Ken- 
tucky. 

Even while most actively engaged in 
business Mr. Fletcher found time for travel 
and study. He had visited the countries 
of Europe and extende<l his journey 
leisurely into Egypt an<l Pab*stine. study- 
ing the physical condition of foreii^n coun- 
tries an<l peoples suflficiently to make in- 
telliirent comparison and appreciate the 
institutions of his own «*ountry. During 
the last few years of his life he traveled 
much in the Fnited States. His health 
was renewed and his life prolongi^d by 
travel. In many respects he was a remark- 
able man — remarkable for the e<|uability 



1432 



INDIANA AND INDIANAN8 



of hig temper and the kindliness of his 
(liKposition ; for the buoyancy of his na- 
ture and the adaptability of his powers; 
for his success in business and his clean, 
honorable methods; for his perennial 
courtesy and unfailing generosity. He was 
a lover of nature, a lover of art and a lover 
of ))ooks. His humanity was large. He 
had sympathy for his fellow-men and re- 
gard for the welfare of his neighbors. He 
admired the poems of Whittier, expressive 
of human sympathy and kin<lness. To a 
gentleness of manner, which invited social 
intercourse, was united a sturdy determi- 
nation wliich n«»vcr faltered and seldom 
failcti of a<M*oinpliKhmcnt. He lived in a 
p»ire atmosphere, above petty annoyances 
and contentions, patiently enduring; mis- 
fortune and sufferinjr. quietly enjoying 
prosperity and the l»etter thinp* of life. 
His home was tilled with beautiful things, 
evidences of c'ulture and refinement, whieh 
friends enjoyed witli him and his family. 
His charaeter was strong in its integrity, 
his friendships were sincere anii constant. 
He attesttnl the tlignity of labor and ex- 
emplified the nol»ility of a Christian life. 
The following, ijuotcil from an editorial 
artiele in one of the daily newspapers, 
fittingly doses this biographical sketeh: 

•Hy the death of Stoughton A. Kleteher. 
lndiaim|H)lis loses one of its oltb^t native- 
born fMtizens and one of its purest and 

b«*st of anv nativitv. There arc verv few 

. . . 

men living in the eity who were \yoru here 
Hs early as \yM, and none born here or 
elsewhere who lK»tter Inirc without abuse 
the grand old name of gentleman than 
St4\ijrhton A. Fb*teher. S^mie of the obler 
riti/ens who knew his parents can easily 
understand from whenee he ilerivctl the 
(|Ualities that made him so manly and so 
true, 'io irentle antl so teiuler. so admirable 
in all that go<*s tt> mund out charaeter. 
It is a grrat tliintr fi>r a man to live in 
the same I'nmmunitv >ixtv-three vears, to 

• • • 

die in the town where he was lH>rn and 
to leave lH»hind him a rei-ord as eonspii'U- 
ouslv elean as that whi»h marks the sum- 
ming up of Mr. Fletcher's lifi*. He wnubl 
not have had Irs fnends i'laim that he was 
a great man. He ilitl not M»ek notoriety 
or power, he never held oftire and was not 
ambitious for distinetinn of anv kind, ex- 
rept the love <»f his friends, the r«*spn*t nf 
his neitrhlN>rs and the willing tribute of 
all to his alMolute integrity and high sense 



of commercial honor. A worthy son of a 
most worthy aire, he was true to his an- 
cestry, true to his family and friends, true 
to all the demands of good citizenship and 
true to his own high standard of thinking 
and acting.'* 

Joseph Kinne Siiarpe. The relations 
of Joseph K. Sharpe with the business and 
industrial affairs of Indianapolis have l>een 
most prominent as one of the organizers 
and for many years an active executive of- 
ti( iai of the Indiana Manufacturing Com- 
pany, under whose patents are manufac- 
tured practically all the wind stacking ap- 
pliane«»s used in threshing machinery 
an»untl the glolM'. 

.Mr. Sharpe. who was born at Indian 
apolis. September 21, 1855, represents an 
«»M family of the capital. His parents were 
Joseph Kinne and Marv Ellen (Oravdon) 
Sharpe. His paternal ancestor, Robert 
Sharpe, came tc» America fn)m Kngland in 
16.*r), settling in Massachusetts, at Brook- 
line. A bronze tablet today marks the 
site of his early home there. He was a man 
of foree and played an imp(»rtant part in 
the early history of our country. He has 
always l>een called ** Robert Shari)e of 
P'Hxikline. *' He came from England in the 
ship Abigail. Mr. Sharpens raateriml 
grandfather, Alexander (jraydon, was 
liorn and lived most of his life in Harris- 
burir. Pennsylvania, where his father also 
livi^il before him. He was known as a man 
of beaming and as a patriot and for his ac 
tiviti<»s in the cause for the abolition of 
shi\ery. His own home on the Susque- 
hanna l»eeame the meeting plaee for the 
bsnlcrs in this movement. John O. Whit- 
tier, William Lloyd (Jarrison, Wendell 
Phillips, William and ('harb*s Burleigh, 
Lewis Tappan. Jonathan Blanchard — and 
others — and it was also one of the fioints 
of the eelebrati'ii ••rndenrround Rail- 
way." The first of the Oraydon line in thi» 
countr\' was Alexander Oraydon I. who 
was lK>ni in Ix>ngford. Ireland, in 170s and 
in 17'tO eame to this countn* an<l settletl ii* 
Philadelphia. H** was a graduate of Dub- 
lin rniversity, and was noted as a s4»holar 
and lawyer. He wrot** several T^ooks on law 
— an<? was in nomination for judge of the 
Snpr-Mne Tourt of Pennsylvania at tht* time 
of nis death in 1781. 

Joseph Kinne Sharpe. Sr.. was luwn in 
Pomfret, Windham County, Connecticut^ 



r 



^i 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1435 



prewnt site of WaHhinirton Park, and con- 
ducted that huKinesA Kiicccswfullv until his 
(loath in 1S74. lie was a prominent horti- 
culturist, and ainonp other achievements 
ori^inate<i the Prolitie Beauty, a choice 
apple which had a wide vofnie throujfh- 
out this part of the Middle West. Irwin 
S. Jessup inarrieil Elizaheth Taylor, also 
a native of Hamilton County, Ohio, and 
dauffhter of William Taylor. She died at 
the ajre of thirty-four, leavinf? two chil- 
dren. Alice M., now the wife of Ransom 
P. Cioit and livinp at St. Paul, and Jennie 
Hclle. 

Jennie Helle Jessup has l>een a lifelonp 
n*sident of La Porte County. She went 
into library work in 1S94, hecominp li- 
brarian of the old LaPortc Lihrarv and 
Natural History AHs<iciation. It was at 
her suppestion that the association ilonated 
its co||«M'tion of lMK)k8 to the Public Li- 
brary. In 1897 when the librarv was for- 
mally openeil as a free library. Miss Jessup 
was one of those piven cretlit for this im- 
p<»rtant event in the city's cultural his- 
tory. In 1898 Miss Jessup went to Idaho 
and orpanized the city lil)rary at Boise. 
Later she orpanized the public library at 
(treenfield, Indiana, and then in lfH)2 en- 
tere<l upon her present duties as li!)rarian 
at I^ Porte. 

M.\.i. Isaac ('. Eu<ton, who was the 
founder of .Michipan City and was hardly 
less prominent as a financier and business 
man and citizen in other sections of the 
state, was l»om in New Jersey in 1794. 
The family moved s4»on afterwards to 
Onondapa County, New York, where he 
lived until 1818. " 

He then came to the new State of In- 
diana, hx'atinp at Vincennes, where he 
was a menhant for several vears. In 1823 
he move<l to Tcrre Haute, and in the same 
year establish^nl the first stc»re at Craw- 
fordsville. then the northernmost white 
settlement in the state. At that time there 
were b»ss than a <lozen familit^s in a radius 
of fifty miles. He whs also the first post- 
master of Crawfonlsville, havinp In^en ap- 
pointi^l by Presiilent Jackson. 

In \y2^y he and two otlicr men Iwiupht 
the site of Lafavette for ^2VK He foumle^l 
the K<Mk Hiver Mills at Crawf<ir«NviJle, 
and was als«i tiie first president of the 
Crawfonlsville and Wabash Railroad, 



afterwards merpe<l with the I^uisville, 
New Albany and Chicapo Railroad. 

In l8:n Major Elaton Imupht the land 
for the oripinal site of Michipan City at 
the sale of the Michipan road lands at 
Lafayette, payinp $1.25 an acre. In Oe- 
tol»er, 1832, he had the land platted, and 
the plat was file<l in (>ctol)er, 1835. He 
laid out the city wisely and ma«le pener- 
ous provisions for schools and churches, 
and he lived to see and realize all his antic- 
ipations for the city's prosperity. Major 
Klston never lK»came a resident of Michi- 
pm City, and lived at Crawfordsville until 
his death in 1>^^*7. In 18.13 he established 
the bankinp house of Klston & Company 
at Crawfordsville. and was its manaper 
until his death. One of his dauphters be- 
came the wife (»f (Jen. Lew Wallace. 

John II. Hai.i.. The first permanent 
settlers arrive<l at LaPorte alK)ut 1830 and 
the county was formally orpanized in 
lN'52. These statements pive sipnificance 
to the fact that the oblest livinp native son 
of LaPorte is John H. Ball, who was born 
there ciphty-four years apo, December 14, 
1^34. His life has been as interestinp and 
varied as it has lH»en lone, and there are 
many facts which connect him permanent- 
Iv with the historv of his native town. 

His parents were Willard Newell and 
Nancy (Thomas^ Ball. His matenial 
prandfather was (itM»rpe Thomas, a promi- 
nent fipure in the early history of LaPorte 
Count V. He was l»orn at Newsoms Mills, 
Virpinia. a son of Ri'inyer and Elizabeth 
( Newsoin ) Thomas. (Je^irpe Thomas came 
to Indiana in 1828, and soon afterward 
settled in LaPorte Ccmntv. He was a man 
of education and of piKxl clerical ability, 
and when the county was orpanizeii in 1832 
he iiclped run s<mie of the survey lines 
and was electetl the first <'lerk and re- 
corder, and was also the first postmaster 
of LaPorte. He died while still fillinp 
th<Hu. official duties in 1835. The first 
house in LaPorte was built for him, it be- 
inp a ilouble lop house located »ipon the 
site now orcupied !»y the Lake Shore Rail- 
road Station. In that house the first court 
was held. His widow survived him until 
\Si]:\, an<l thev reare<l a familv of f\\e 
<lauirhters a!i<l two sons. 

Willard Newell Ball was lH)rn in New 
York State, sini of Abraham Ball, who 



1436 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



was probably a native of Roylston, Maftsa- 
ohuKcttH, and dem^ended from one of five 
l)rother8 who came from Ireland in 
colonial timcH. Alirahani Ball moved from 
MaKsachuKctts to New York State, later to 
Kentucky and from there to Lil)erty, In- 
diana, and was also numbered among the 
very early settlers of LaPorte County. He 
was a brickmakcr by trade and pn)bably 
established the brirk yard just north of 
I^Porte in which was matle the first brick 
in LaPorte County. Later he removed to 
Paw Paw, Michi(i^an, and continued brick 
numufacturc there until his death. Wil- 
lanl Newell Hall wlicn a younjr man went 
to (Cincinnati, and learned the trade of 
4'abinct maker. Later he went to LilnTty, 
Indiana, and tlicnrc to LaPorte. ami was 
the first cabinet maker t<» ply his trade 
in that lorality. II«» was also an umler- 
takiT, and in his shop matlc tin* coffins 
usrtl in that service. IIt» (M)ntinu«*<l an 
honored rcsid«Mit of LaPorte until his 
death at tiie ajre of scv»»nty-two. His wife. 
Nan«*y Th<imas. was born in Viririnia in 
iSU'and died at LaP«irtc in 1!M)7. They 
had four children. Tliomas. John H.. Theo- 
<lore and Mary. 

John H. Mall has sinne interest injir remi- 
nisccnci»s of LaPorte when it was a pio- 
neer village, lie attended seliool in I^- 
J^ortr. his principal t<»ac-her beinp Rev. 
Abiitr Dwclly. In l^.'/J he took up the 
trade of bricklayer, and two years later he 
starttvl on a journey whi«'h brout^ht him 
into tiuieh with the m<»st n>mantic srenes 
and inriilents of American life in that 
dei'ailt*. He hired out as a driver to Jerry 
Hiil;:eway and James Lemon, who were 
takiiiir a Inrd <»f 4(K) eattle aeross the 
plains tn California. There was mueh 
hard Work. dan>n»r. excitement and mo- 
notonous toil roniiiM-ted with the trip, anil 
Mr. Hall is one of the few men still liv- 
inir whf> had that rare experience. The 
drive lN»u'an in March, and thev took their 
cattle aeross the Mississippi River at Bur- 
lin^on. Iowa. cn»vs«»d the Missouri at St. 
Joseph, and reached California in Novem- 
Iht. after nearly eijrht months of travel. 
On the way they en<-ountereil many In- 
dians, but none who were disposeil to l>e 
very hostile, and thi-y saw vast herds of 
buffalo, deer and antelope. Arriving in 
Califf»rnia. Mr. Ball found employment at 
his trade in Sacramento, and he als4> spent 
some time amoiif; the mines. 



At San Franeiseo on October 10, 1861, 
he volunteered his services to the Union 
as a meml)er of Company II of the Sec- 
ond California Cavalry. This refirinient 
was employed chiefly on the plains in 
guarding the highways of travel and scat- 
tered settlements against Indian hostili- 
ties. The first winter was spent in Ne- 
vada, and in the spring of 1862 he and 
his comrades were sent to Salt Lake City. 
He remained in Utah until October 20, 
1864. He was discharged from the sernce 
on Octol)er 9th of that year, on account 
of the expiration of his term, and a few 
days later he started east, again making 
the overland journey and arriving at La- 
i'orte ju.st before Christmas. 

After this ten years of absence he re- 
sume<l civil life in I^Porte as a business 
associate with his father and his brother, 
Thomas, and later he succeeded to the un- 
dertaking business and conduete<I it for 
many years. He is now living retired. 

In 1S65 Mr. Hall married for his first 
wife Miss Martin, a native of I^Porte, 
who died in 1S72. For his second wife he 
marrie<l Klizabeth Fitzgerald. She was 
l>orn in England, a (laughter of Edmond 
Fitzgerald. Mr. and Mrs. Hall had the 
following children: Mary, Kdmond. John, 
William, Timothy, Inez. James, Elizalieth 
and Margaret. The sons Edmond and 
Timothy were l)oth soldiers in the Span- 
ish-American war. Edmond N. enlisted in 
Cimipany F, First Hlinois Infantr>', and 
while in the South contracteil yellow fever 
and died soon after his return home. Mr. 
J. H. Hall is an hcmored memlx^r of Pat- 
ton Tost (»f the (irand Anny of the Re- 
public. 

KfiiiERT P. KizER. The business of 
hauilling real estate, loans and insurance 
in a large city with rich surrounding ter- 
ritory and advantages that attract capital 
is apt to Ih* of much importance, and espe- 
cially M» when it is honorably conducted 
by men of solid reputation and ripened 
experience. A firm so engaged at South 
Bend that was held to be trustworthy in 
every particular, was that of Kizer tt 
Woolverton. of which Robert P. Kizer was 
manager until 1918 and at that time he 
and his son. Lloyd T., Kizer took over the 
business. 

Roliert P. Kizer was bom in German 
Township, St. Joseph County, Indiana, 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1437 



May 19, 1852. His parenU were Ebenexer 
K. and Susanna (Ward) Kizer, both of 
whom died at South Bend, the father in 
1879 and the mother five years earlier. 
Kbenezcr F. Kizer was bom in 1815, and 
before timing to Indiana married and re- 
sided in Ohio, whore three children were 
l)orn. After lo(*atinfir on a farm in Ger- 
man Township, St. Joseph County, he im- 
provetl his place and in 1856 built a house 
that yet remains on the farm. When no 
lonfrer active he retired to South Bend, 
and he was a devout member and a gen- 
erous supporter of the Methotlist Episco- 
pal Church in his neijarhborhood. lie was 
a dcnio<»rat in politics but accepte<l no po- 
litical office. He marrietl Susanna Ward, 
who was l)om in 1813, and they had eight 
children, as follows: George, who died at 
South Bend in 1914, was a retired farmer; 
Peter, who died on his farm in German 
Township, St. Joseph County, in 1913; 
William L., who died in South Bend in 
1917; Ebenezer F., who diet! in Niles, 
Michigan in 1918; James, who is a farmer 
in German Township, St. Joseph County, 
Indiana; Jacob B.. who is a farmer in St. 
Joseph (\)unty, Indiana: Robert P.; and 
Sandi M., who died at Detroit, Michigan, 
in 1875, was the wife of the late Orlando 
J. Ryan, a farmer, who died in Clay Town- 
ship, St. Joseph County, Indiana. 

William L. Kizcr, the third in order of 
birth in the alwve family, was born in 
Ohio in 1844. He was reared on his 
father's fann in German Township. St. 
Joseph County, and complete<l his e<lu«'a- 
tion in an academy at South Bend. He 
was one of the founders of the real estate, 
loan and insurance firm of Kizer & Wool- 
verton, of which his brother, Robert P. 
Kizer, was manager. William L. Kizer 
was president of the Malleable Steel Range 
Company at South Bend, was a director in 
the St. Joseph I^)an & Trust Company, and 
was sin*retarv of the New Jersey, Indiana 
& Illinois Railroad Company. In politics 
he was a republican, and he was a mem- 
l>er of the First Prcs!»yferian Church. 

William L. Kizer marritNl .Miss Elizabeth 
Brick, who was lM)rn in Warren Township, 
St. Joseph Couiitv. Indiana, and thev have 
one daughter. Mrs. Willoinine Kizer Morri- 
son. 

Robert P. Kizer attended the country 

s<*hoo]s in (Jernian township an<l then 

spent two years in the high whool at South 
Vol. ni— 15 



Bend. In 1876 he became connected with 
the real estate and insurance firm of Kixer 
& Woolverton, and was so identified until 
1918, being manager of the same. Sin^ 
that date the business has been conducted 
under the name of Robert P. Kizer and 
Son. A large business is done and the 
firm has high commercial rating. The of- 
fices are in the J. M. Studebaker Building. 

Robert P. Kizer was married in 1884, at 
South Bend, to Miss Ada M. Fellows, who 
is a daughter of the late William and 
Anna (Thurston) Fellows, and they have 
had four children : Ralph W., who died at 
the age of twelve years; Hazel A., whom 
they lost in early womanhood; Vema M., 
who is the wife of Foster W. Riddick, 
owner and publisher of the Winamac Re- 
publican at Winamac, Indiana; and Lloyd 
T., who is in partnership with his father. 
He was gra<luate<I from the South Bend 
High School in 1910, and then took a 
course in the Montana State School of 
Mines covering two years. 

Mr. Kizer owns his residence at No. 718 
Cushing Street, which was built by his 
father, and several other dwellings at 
South Bend, and also has a very fine farm 
in (fcrman Town.ship of 180 acres. In poli- 
tics he is a republican, but in matters that 
concern the general welfare he permits no 
partisan feeling to govern his actions. He 
is a meml)er of and an elder in the West- 
minster Prt*sbyterian Church at South 
Bend. 

LiNTo.v A. Cox has been a member of 
the Indiana(>oIis bar since 1890, and his 
experience and abilities have brought him 
many varied and prominent relationships 
with his profession and with the life of his 
home city and state. 

He was born at Az^lia, Indiana, Septem- 
ber 2, 186H. completed his literar>- educa- 
tion at Karlham College at Richmond in 
18HH. and in 1S90 gratluated from the law 
s<*Ihk»1 of the Cniversity of Michigan with 
the degn*e LL. B. He soon afterward 
eaine to Indianapolis and engaged in a 
practice that has lieen steadily gmwing in 
.suhs4M|nent years. 

The part of his re<'ord which is of spe- 
i'ial interest to the state was his ser\*ice 
during the Sixty-fifth and Sixty-sixth 
(ieneral Ass(»mblieH as state senator from 
Marion County. He was identified as the 
leader in all phases of the passage of the 



1438 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



measure tlirough both Houses of the Legis- 
lature which fixed the price of gas at In- 
dianapolis at sixty cents per thousand. He 
was also a factor in establishing the system 
of depositories for public funds, under 
which all publi<' funds are held in official 
deptwitorics under ample security and yield 
interest to the public. 

Mr. Cox married Elizabeth Harvey, 
daughter of Dr. Thomas Harvey of In- 
dianapolis. 

OMVKK J. (fRONKNDVKK, M. D. It is UOt 

merely for his indiviilual services as a suc- 
eessfnl physirian and sur^reon at Newcastle 
that the name of Dix-tor (Jronendyke com- 
mands some spact* iti this publieatioti. The 
(Jroiiendvke family has been identified 
with Henrv Count v for a <-entury. Two 
irenerations have been represented by cap- 
aJ>Ie pliysicians. Tiie (inmcTidykes are of 
Holland Duteh aneestry. and the first of 
the mime in America were itlentitied with 
the founding of Manhattan. There have 
b<H»n (Jronentiykt^s engaged in every im- 
portant war of our nation's history, and 
l)<H*tor (inmendyke's <»wn children are not 
unrepresented in the prest»nt great war 
struggle. 

For several generations the home of this 
)»raneli (»f the familv was in New Jers«»y. 
Thomas H. (ironendyke. grandfather of 
|)o<*tor (inmeiidyke, was Isirn in that state, 
and his wife. Naney, was a native of Ten- 
nessee. Hoth of them came to Indiana 
about l^^l^. when younjr people and here 
they married and livcii in Henry, Dela- 
ware and other eontities. 

In Delawart* Cnunty, In<!iana. Thomas 
\V. < ironendyke. father i»f Dr. (). .1. (Jro- 
nendvkf. \ias born OrtoU'r 2. \S'M). At 
thf aiTf <if twenty he l>egan tea«'hing in the 
publii* srh(N»ls nf Delaware County, and 
in the sprinir of l^til t<M»k up the study 
of Tiiedii'ine with Dr. William U. Swain of 
Delawarr County. Later he pursued his 
studies undi-r Dr .1. \Ve*'ks nf Mcfhanics- 
burg. Henrv Count \. but in .Inly. 1H»2. 
abandoned his profi'^sjonal preparations to 
enlist as a privjite in C<»!!!pany H of the 
Sixtv ninth Indiana Infanlrv. At tlie end 
of riirht !?ionths' si»r\i«»' he was i|isi*hanred 
on a<'«'onnt of ph\sii-al disjihilitv. He 
thiMi r<Nnni»'i th#* sfihU of meiljfini* untler 

• 

Doi-tor Wffks. and roinpb'tfd his I'lmrse 
in thi- lMiysi»iMi»di<*al Colb'«r»» nf CiiiiMn- 
iiatt. He bi'sr;in praeTi<**» in Randolph 



County, Indiana, but becoming dissatisfied 
with the Physio-Medical system be took up 
the regular school, and after three years 
in Randolph County moved to Mount Sum- 
mit, Henrv Countv, where he had his home 
eight years, and in November, 1879, moved 
to Newcastle, where for many years he was 
not oidy a successful physician but a mem- 
ber of the County Board of Health, of the 
Board of Town Trustees, and was identi- 
fied with various fraternal organizations, 
including the (rrand Army. 

In Augu.st, 1S63. Thomas W. Gronendyke 
marrie<I .Miss Jennie Swain, daughter of 
Dr. William K. Swain, under whom he 
Inid lH*giui the study of me^licine. 

Thus Oliver J. (inmendyke, only child 
of his parents, had the example of his 
honoH'd father and of his maternal grand- 
father to guide him into his present pro- 
fession. Dr. O. J. Gronendyke was l>om in 
Delaware C(»unty, Indiana, May JM), 1864, 
and during his lK>yhoo<l lived in the various 
bx'alities where his father practiced. He 
graduate<l from the Newcastle High School 
in IhM. and for two years taught at the 
Klliott Sehool House in Henry township. 
During that time he was also studying 
mcdieine under liis father, and sulisequently 
enterctl the Ohio Medical College, now the 
medical department of the University of 
<'incinnati. He was student there from 
IHM to 1885. when he was graduated honor 
and medal man of his class. He was only 
twenty-4ine when he returnwl to Newcastle 
preparwl for praetiee, and has been steadily 
identified with his profession in this city 
for over thirty vears. He has taken num- 
erous |M)st-graduate courses in New York 
hospitals and clinics, spending several 
months then> in 188!I. 1892 and 1899. His 
is a general praetiee in Inith me<licine and 
surgery, and he has serveil as surgeon for 
all the niilroads through Newcastle and 
fi»r many of the local industries. He is 
prominent in the (*ounty and State Medical 
.*<iM'ii»tirs. in the Cnion District Medieal 
AssiNMation. has fille<l all the ofHeos in the 
R«»se City Mcflieal Society, and fi»r six 
years was medical <*«iunselIor of the Sixth 
Distrii't of t)ie State M<Nlieal Asso4*iation. 
For si»venteen «Mmsecutive years Doetor 
Gn»nendyke lias been a meml»er of the New- 
castle Scli(H»| Board, and has held every 
oflicc. iM'inir elei'teil as president in 1918. 
He is a rt*publiean, and in .Masonry is 
afliliatcii with the various InKlies of New- 




• '-4 a. /t X' ^''C ^ r-e ff /< 



>JL^ 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1441 



training camp and was early assigned 
to overseas duty. When in action a few 
weeks before the close of the war death 
came to him, brinfcin^ him a crown of im- 
perishable glory. 

Such is in brief the record of Lieut. 
Robert E. Kenninirton, which, however, 
deserves more of the detail which will be 
sought with interest by the present and 
coming generations in all those who gave 
their lives in the great war just finished. 
Robert E. Kennington was bom in Indi- 
anapolis May 25, 1893. He grew up in 
his native city, attended the grammar 
schools and the Shortridge High School, 
from which he graduate<l, was a student 
in Butler College in Indianapolis, and 
studied law in the University of Michigan. 
He finished his law course at the Indian- 
apolis liaw School, and after graduating 
was admitted to the bar in 1916. He prac- 
ticed a little more than a year. 

Early in 1917 he was one of the first 
to enter the officers training camp at Fort 
Benjamin Harrison. He was in the camp 
in fact before the training school was form- 
ally opened. After his period of training 
he was commissioned as second lieutenant 
and passed the winter in 1917-18 in train- 
ing at Camp Orceno, Charlotte, North Caro- 
lina. He went to France with the Amer- 
ican Expeditionary Forces early in the 
spring of 1918, arriving overseas April 28, 
1918. For a time he was assigned to a 
signal school near Paris and while there 
was commissioned first lieutenant and as- 
8igne<l to the P'ifty-eighth Infantry Regi- 
ment, which in the fighting at the front was 
part of the First Brigade Fourth Division. 
Incidentally it may \ye stated that the 
Fourth Division bore the brunt of most of 
the fighting of the .Vmerican forces in 
France, and is credited with having;: lost 
more men an<l carried on its operations 
more heroically than any other organiza- 
tion of the Aineriean anny. 

Lieutenant Kennington was in active 
service at th<» lK»>rinniiijr of the preat allied 
offensive during the summer of 191S. A 
brief aeeount of his service is found in a 
letter written by his ehaplain to his parents 
after his deatli. whidi reads as fcjHows: 
*• Lieutenant Kennington wa.s killed in bat- 
tle near Chcry Cliartreuve ()eto}»er 4. 1918, 
this place being" northeast of Chateau 
Thierrj' and this battle l»einjr one of the 
advance operations of the American army 



following the battle of Chateau Thierry. 
He had just taken up a position on the 
crest of a hill overlooking a ravine, and 
had with him a squad of automatic rifle- 
men. They were barely in position when 
an explosive shell of large calibre made 
a direct hit on their position, killing seven 
of them instantly. Lieutenant Kennington 
was struck in the forehead by a small 
fragment which pierced his brain, causing 
instant death. He was buried on a little 
improvi.He<l cemetery on the Le Pres farm 
near Cher\- Chart reuve. Lieutenant Ken- 
nington was an excellent officer, faithful 
and conscientious in the discharge of his 
duties. He was most popular with his 
brother officers and loved by his men. As 
a leader he was able and efficient, and 
ae(|uitted himself nobly in our first fight, 
in which he took part, at the beginning of 
the allied offensive on July 18th. It was 
stern work for all of us, but the credit for 
all of our snc(*ess is due to the platoon 
leaders like Lieutenant Kennington, who 
were shining examples for all military vir- 
tues. In every place of danger Lieutenant 
Kenningrton stood the supreme test un- 
flinchingly and gave an exemplification of 
fine, manly heroic virtues. You may rest 
assured that his memory will long be treas- 
ured by all who knew him here." 

At a meeting of the Indianapolis Bar 
Asso(*iation held soon after the receipt of 
the news of Lieutenant Kennington 's death, 
in honor of his memory the following re- 
solution was adopted: 

"Lieutenant Kenningt4>ii is the first Ind- 
ianapolis lawyer to pay the costly sacrifice 
of his life, with all its joys and promise, 
upon the altar of free<lom. We of the 
profession, whose ideals and whose duties 
were dear to him. adopt this memorial to 
a brave young sohlitr wlio left his chosen 
profession to answer t!»e call to the colors, 
and who gave his life that civilization 
might l>e made secure and that happiness 
might l>eeoine possible for all humanity. 
Hol)ert Kennington was a thorough student 
of the law, on the threshold of a profes- 
si<»nal career that gave promise of great 
aehievement. Cnusual personal charm 
endeared him to those with whom he came 
in contact and won for him a host of 
friends. His ambition to suceee<l did not 
tempt him selfishly to crowd ahead of 
others. Straightforward, y i^ 

kindliness toward others. 



1442 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



that ina<le one glhd for even the most 
casual meetinfc* are qualities that we re- 
call. To these should be added the high 
ideals that took him so quickly into his 
country's service, enabled him to face 
death, an<l 'frive the last full measure of 
devotion' to the cause to which his life was 
plc<l(rcd. 

**Most bar memorials tell the story of 
men who after lonj? years of professional 
a<*tivity have l>ccn called to die, and it has 
l>een our lot at such ineetinfrs to recount 
the sncci»sses of <»ur elders who have been 
faithful to the ideals of a jrrcat profession. 
Tonifrbt our task is heavy witli an unwont- 
ed sorrow. K(»bert Kenniii'rtoirs I'areer at 
the Iwir was like his farcer iti arms — all 
t(M) brief. At the bar it was full of promise; 
in anns a .sintrle month brou^lit immortal- 
itv. The ton»h that he so bravclv held 
aloft he lias thrown to us that in his s]>irit 
we, t(K), may hold it hitrh. His is the 
hap[>y lot to be remembered always as 
one who l>y tlie way f>f splendid death has 
entere<l into eternal youth." 

From his early youth Lieutenant Ken- 
ninfrton was a leader anion*; his fellows — in 
whool and collejri» affairs, in fraternities, 
and in all fonns of clean athletics. He had 
versatile trainin^r antl talents. Amtm^ 
<»thcr accom]>lishnients he was a trained 
musician, having lie<'n a student under 
IVofcssor Perk in the Indianapolis Tollepe 
of Music and Fine Arts. He had an un- 
usually wide (>irc1e of friends and a(*quaint- 
aiices. and after the official report of his 
ileath his jjrief stricken parents were over- 
whelmrd with floral tributes and a irreat 
mass r»f letters of svmpathv. manv of them 
from persons whom the parents had never 
met or known. lie was a member of the 
Columbia (Miib. Marion rhib. Phi Delta 
fraternity, ati a«*tive re]iublii*an in polities, 
and fi»r si»v»»ral vi'ars was a memln^r of the 
Younir Men's Uil»b» Class of the Central 
Christian chun-h. Of the ninety.S4»ven 
yijunir m«'n of this <'lass in the service Lieu- 
tenant Kctininirton was the first to die. 

Lii*uteiiant K»'nnini!ton was the onlv son 
anil rhild of Ralph K. ami Kflie H. ' Keal- 
intr Kfiininirlon. a wfll known Iiiiiiati- 
apolis family. Kal)th K. Ki*nninLrt<in is a 
Mill nf .1 i)m ami Kli/abi-th Hn^wn K<*n 

ninirton. b-ith imw t1 ased. Jnlm Ken- 

niiiirtoii iif Sri>t«'h- Irish parcntaire. was 
burn at i^^Ifa^t. Ireland, came to America 
when a younjr man durini; the latter T)Os, 



and settled in Massachusetts. In Christ 
Church at Indianapolis he married Miss 
Elizabeth Brown, a native of Indiana. 
John Kennington became a farm owner, 
carried on extensive farm operations in 
Marion C*ounty, and was also a contractor 
at Indianapolis. He was identified with 
a numl)er of business enterprises, and at 
one time had <*harj?e of the by-products 
of the old (?as company in Indianapolis. 
His last years were spent near Portland, 
Ore^ron, where he died at the ape of ninety- 
three. 

Ralph K. Kennin^on attended the puH- 
lie schools of Indianapolis and has been in 
the railroad business in that city practical- 
ly ever since reaching his majority. For 
nineteen years he was with the Big Four 
Railway, and in January, 19()1, was made 
(reneral yanlmaster of the Imlianapolis ter- 
mitials of the Monon Railway, and has 
tilled that posit i<ui for eighteen consecu- 
tive years. He is a thirty-second degree 
Scottish Rite Ma.son and Shriner. 

The mother (»f Lieutenant Kennington, 
Mrs. Kffie B. (Kealing) Kennington, was 
lM>rn in Indianapolis, a si.ster of Joseph B. 
Kealintr. a well known lawyer of that city 
and daughter of the late Peter Kealing. 
The Kealings are of the old and prom- 
inent families of the city. Kealing Avenue 
having been nanie<l for Mrs. Kennington 's 
father. Mrs. Kennington after receiving 
a high scho«)l and college education be- 
came a teacher and for some time taught 
in Washington township and also in the 
|)ublic sf*hfH)ls of Indianai>olis. She has 
for a nutnl»er of years I>een a leader in the 
woman 's progressive movements in Indian- 
apc»lis and the state. She sensed as chair- 
man of tlie Seventh District of the Indiana 
Federation of Women *s Clubs and used 
her influeni'e to bring aI>out much modem 
le<;islation tlirough the Indiana Ix*gislatnre. 
Many reform measures were championed 
by her. All the enthusiasm of a war mother 
anil of her American womanhood was 
aroused in behalf of the movement under- 
taken to provide encouragement and enter- 
tainment for American .soldiers. She was 
till- li'ailtT in «-barjre of the War (^amp Com- 
munity >«Tvice in Indianapolis for the ben- 
efit i»f soldiers at Fort Benjamin Harrison. 
Her many acts of service in this capacity 
and the success with which she carrie<l oat 
various entertainments, particularly that 
cm the Fourth of July of 1918 *at the 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1443 



Prophyleum in Indianapolis, fn*catly en- 
dearetl her to the hearts of the soldiers, 
and she has received numerous letters from 
the boys who later went to France assuring 
her their gratitude for all that had been 
done in their behalf through her and her 
organization. 

It was a tremendous sorrow which fell 
upon Mr. and Mrs. Kennington when they 
lost their only son through the war. Upon 
him thev had lavished their love and de- 
votion and their life's hopes were wrapped 
up in him. At the same time it is a con- 
solation that thev share in their bereave- 
ment not merely the sympathy of all who 
had known their son personally, but that 
sympathy and deep feeling which pervade 
an entire nation as a memory to all its 
herot's who fell in the great war. 

JciftEiMf W. II.vRRisoN. The position of 
Joseph W. Harrison of Attica calls at- 
tention to one of Indiana *s largest manu- 
facturing establishments, of which he is 
president and general manager. 

This is the Harrison Steel Castings Com- 
pany, formerly the National Car Coupler 
Company, a corporation of Chicago. Illi- 
nois, which in normal times is a general 
foundry business and manufacturers of 
steel castings, but at the present time is 
spei*ializing in big contracts for war pur- 
poses. The industry- was Im^ated at Attica 
in 1907. and has been one of the bulwarks 
of prosperity in that city. 

At present the Attica plant comprises 
four large buildings. The first is the open 
hearth steel foundr>' 600 by 200 feet, the 
sei^ond is the finishing and grinding build- 
ing, 300 by 150 feet, the third is the pat- 
tern shop and pattern storage, a three story 
structure 60 by 260 feet, the fouHh is the 
power plant. 40 by 200 feet, where all 
the ele<»tric current use<l in the different 
departments is made. The fumaces are 
thn»e in numl)er. each with twenty tons 
rap icity. The normal annual capacity of 
this business is 24.000 tons of castings. 
These open hearth .ntcel castings range in 
size fn>m 1.000 to 60.000 pounds, and the 
e«|uipmcnt is available for practically every 
ty|M» of ca.Htings within that range of 
w«»iirhts. The output is unetl for agri- 
<'ultiiral. mining and transportation ma- 
chinery, and practically all the product is 
now under contract for the United States 
g*)vemment and allietl natioius. The ma- 



terial made here at Attica goes as parts and 
(Miuipment for the Caterpillar tractors, the 
Liberty motors and other machinery. 
About 1.000 men are working night and 
day in the big plant. 

In 1917 the same corporation began 
the building and operation of a similar 
plant at Murphysboro, Illinois, where their 
foundry and shops have a capacity of 
12.0(K) tons per year. 

The founder of this business at Attica, 
Joseph W. Ilarri.son, is a native of Eng- 
land. Inirn in the city of liondon October 
4. 1H60, oldest son of Joseph William and 
Fannie {Kirl)v) Harrison, both natives of 
Kngland. Mr. Harrison when twelve years 
old entered a foundry and served a seven 
years afjprenticeship as a molder. In 1888 
he came to the United States, arriving here 
without capital and with only his knowl- 
edge of the foundry business as equip- 
ment. For a time he was located at Wilkes- 
Barre. Pennsylviinia. and was variously 
cmi)loyed as a moMer. foreman, superin- 
tendent and in other capacities in several 
steel foundries. In 1899 he became super- 
intendent of the Hurson & Hurford Steel 
Casting Company. Converse. Indiana, this 
company liei ng purchased by the National 
Car Coupler Company and was located 
there seven years. 

Mr. Harrison came to Attica in 1906 to 
supervise the erection of the plant and the 
installation of its machinery, and in 1907 
was elected president and general manager 
of the company. The prosperity of the 
business is largely due to the range of 
ideas and the energ>' he had infused into 
every department. He brought about the 
modem equipment of the business and 
kept it up to the high standard of efB- 
cienc^v so as to attract the attention of the 
government with the present enormous 
ilemand for steel castings of every descrip- 
tion. 

In 1887 Mr. Harrison married Miss Clara 
Helle Coffee. Thev were married at Al- 
liance. Ohio. She is a native of West 
Unity. Ohio. They have three sons, Roy J., 
(tlen W. and Wade Coffee. Roy J. is now 
manager of the Attica plant, and vice presi- 
dent of the company, while Olen is secre- 
tary- an<l treasurer and connccttnl with the 
plant at Murphysboro. Illinois. Roy mar- 
ried in 1916 Miss (tiadys Greenman. In 
1917 Glen married Miss liCmma Thompson. 
Mr. IIarris4m is affiliated with the Knights 



1444 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



of Pythias, and takes a good deal of in- 
terest in political affairs. He and his fam- 
ily are members of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church. 

John H. Bass. If there is one institu- 
tion that deserves to be called the comer- 
stone of Fort Wayne s industrial prosper- 
ity it is the Bass Foundry & Machine 
Company. This position is due not only to 
the vast afino^gatc of resources combined 
under the corporate title, but also to the 
fact that for over fifty years its operation 
has furnished employment and its produc- 
tion has servcil to make the citv of Fort 
Wayne known thnni^rhout the country. 

The veteran head of this in<iustry. John 
II. Bass, WHS ))orn at Salem. LivinprKton 
County, Kentucky. November f), 1835. He 
is of old Vinrinia and Carolina ancestry. 
His )rran<lfathcr. Jordan Bass, was l>orn in 
Virginia in 1764. and in 1805 move<l to 
Christian Countv, Kentuckv. He was one 
of Kentucky's pnuninent pioneers. He 
died in 185:^, at the af?e of eijrhty-nine. 
Sion Ba.Hs, father of John IL. was bom in 
Virjrinia Novcmljcr 7, 1802. was reare<l in 
Kentucky, and distiufniishcd himself by 
ability in the commercial field and also 
as owner of extensive areas of farm land. 
He nuirricd Miss Jane Tmld, who was bom 
at Charleston, South Carolina, June 19, 
1802. Her father. John Todd, was also a 
Kentucky j>ionecr. Sion Bass and wife 
came fnun KentUfkv to Fort Wavne in 
1866 and spent the n*st of thi»ir days 
with their son Jtthii. Mrs. Jane Bass die<l 
August 26. 1N74. and Sion Bass passe<l 
away Aujrust 7. ISSS. Four of their six 
rhiliireii jfn^w to maturity. One of these 
was Si(»n S. Bass, who was th«» fir^t of the 
family to Nwatt* in Fort Wavne. H«* <*aine 
to Fort Waynt* in 1848, and jravc tho city 
Mtmc of its piiititvr im[>uls«'s as an imlus- 
trial crntcr. \lv was a Tn«'inb«»r of the 
firm Stone. Bass & ( *niii]>any. whii*h was 
estaMish«*ii in \>^7u\ and was the original 
nucleus of thf prrsiMit Ba**s F*nindrv and 
Marhine (Nmipany. In 1^61 Sinn S. Bass 
n^i^n<Ml his busin»>Hs n*s|H)nsiMlitii»s at 
Ft)rt Wayne to help iir^ani/«* tlif Tliirtifth 
Indiana Infantry. As iMiloiifl nf that reg- 
iment hi* ItM] his (fiinmaiid in uih* nf the 
rharjri's on th»» second dav <»f tht* )»attl#» of 
Sliijoli and was strii*kt*n with a iiii»rtal 
wnund. < hit* of th«» hwal ptM^i of th»' <irand 



Army of the republic was afterward named 
in his honor. 

John H. Baas was educated in Kentucky, 
both in the public schools and under priv- 
ate tutors. At the age of seventeen, in 
1852, he came to Fort Wayne, and for a 
year or so worked in a grocery store and as 
bookkeeper for a contracting firm. He 
then joined his brother Sion 3. as 
an employee of Jones, Bass & Company, 
and was its bookkeeper from 1854 to 1857. 
He ^ined a knowledge of bookkeeping 
largely by close application to the subject 
at night after business hours. In 1857 
Mr. Bass went to Iowa and invested $3,700 
in the choicest farm lands he could find, 
lie was away two years, and operated so 
expertly in the real estate field that he 
returned with $15,000 in cash and deeds 
worth $r>().000. It was this capital large- 
ly that enabled him to lay the founda- 
tion of the great industry that now bears 
his name. In 1859. with Edw'ard L. Force, 
he established the firm of Bass ft Force, a 
foundry and machine industry, which pro- 
duced $20,000 worth of goods the first year. 
Between I860 and 186:{ the business was 
owned and conducted by Mr. Baas and 
Judge Samuel Hanna. Judge Hanna in 
the latter year transferred his interests 
to his son Horace, who died six years later. 
At that time Mr. Bass bought the stock 
ownetl by the Hanna family, and has since 
l)een sole owner of the business. He not 
only Treated a great individual industry, 
but his example helped to concentrate the 
attention of other manufacturing interests 
upon Fort Wayne as a location. The 
foundry and marhine works have been in 
operati(m more than half a century, and 
during all the years have furnished em- 
ployinmt to hundre<ls of skilled workmen. 
In 1898 the company was incorporated 
with a capital of $l.r)(N).O00. and this com- 
pany ha.s sincf }M»en raisoil to over $2,000,- 
(KK). For the year 1917 the annual pav- 
roll was .*1..'MKMM)0. and alnrnt 2.500 men 
were ciiipldved. 

The ri»r|>onition (twns and operates a 
braneh plant at Koi'k Run, Alabama, where 
mui-h t»f the ore \ii^h\ at the Fort Wayne 
plant is minf^I and smelte<l. The tonnage 
of manufactured material shipped from 
the two plants aggregate 200,000 tons an- 
nually. The chief proilucts of the Fort 
Wayne |>lant are car wheels, axles, iron 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1445 



and steel forgings, corliBs engines, boilers, 
complete power plants, and gray iron cast- 
ings. The product of the Rock Ron plant 
is higrfa grade furnace pig iron. This in- 
dustry at Fort Wayne occupies nearly five 
city squares of twenty acres, while in Ala- 
bama 25,000 acres are included in the dis- 
tricts of the company *8 operations. 

The operations of Mr. Bass have made 
him a power in many districts outside o( 
Fort Wa}^!^ In 1869 he founded the St. 
Ix)ui8 Car Wheel Company, and held a 
controlling interest and was president of 
the company for a number of years. An 
instance of his foresight and courage is 
found in the fact that in 1873, when the 
countr>' was in the throes of an industrial 
l>aiii<\ he established an extensive iron 
works at Chicago, which two years before 
had all but been destroyeil by fire. This 
Chicago plant became one of a number of 
successful ventures credited to his achieve- 
ment. Mr. Bass is also heavily intcreste<l 
in a large foundry at I^noir. Tennessee. 

Mr. Bass has supplied much of the capi- 
tal and business energ>' to Fort Wayne's 
fublic utilities and Hnancial in.stitutions. 
le was one of the owners of the original 
street railway system, operating with horse 
drawn cars. The Citizens Street Railway 
Company waK in<^orporated in 1871 to op- 
erate the system. When this company was 
foreclosed in August, 1887, the property 
rights and franchise were sold tg \Ir. Bass 
and Stephen B. Bond, representing the 
Fort Wayne Street Railway Company. The 
system at that time conaisted of about two 
miles of single track on Calhoun Street 
from Main Street to Creighton Avenue, on 
Cre'ghton Avenue from Calhoun Street to 
Fairfield Avenue, and on Wallace Street 
from Calli<»un to Hanna Street. Mr. Bass 
and his asscMMates immediatelv undertook 
the extension of the street railway to out- 
lying distrirt-H, and owned the lines of the 
city until August, 1892, when a reorgan- 
ized company (converted the property to 
an electrically propelletl system. 

For many years Mr. Bass has been one 
of the chief stockhoMers of the F'irst Na- 
tional Hank of Fort Wayne, and resigned 
January 9. 1917, from the presidency after 
thirty years in office. He is also a member 
of the Hoard of Directors of the old Na- 
tional Hank ami the Hamilton National 
Hank. The latter was merged with the 
First .National on April 7, 1917, and the 



reorganized institution is now the First 
Hamilton National Bank. 

One of the most beautiful and highly 
developed private estates in Indiana is 
Mr. Bass' suburban home, known as Brook- 
side. The house itself is a veritaUe man- 
sion, and is situated in the midst of a 
broad and spacious park and woodland of 
300 acres. A portion of this park is fenced 
off for some deer and buffalo, and another 
part of the farm is devoted to fine stock 
and dairy cattle. Mr. Bass has been an 
importer and breeder of Clydesdale horses 
and Galloway cattle for a quarter of & 
century. Some of his stock were blue 
ribbon winners at the World's Fair of 
Chicago in 1893 and that of St. Louis in 
1904. Mr. Bass is said to own about 15,000 
acres of land in Allen County, besides 
extensive investments in other counties 
and other states, including some 18,000 
a<'r(*s of mineral land in Alabama. 

No man was ever more worthy of the 
responsibilities conferred by great posses- 
sions. These possessions are the cumulative 
results of sixty-five years of hard work. 
Karly in life John II. Bass showed a wil- 
lingness to identify himself with all his en- 
thusiasm and powers with any task how- 
ever humble, provided it was useful, and 
he made it an opportunity for further 
advancement. He also early indicated a 
judgment, foresight and ability that from 
a later standpoint might be regarded as 
a gen ions in finance. He has been a wise 
and efficient administrator of large affairs, 
a leader of men, and in the past half cen- 
tury has probably supervised the labors of 
more men than any other Indiana manu- 
facturer. For all the breadth and extent 
of his interests the City of Fort Wayne has 
lM*en the chief beneficiary of his work and 
influence. 

Mr. Ha>is has l>een honored with the 
thirty-third degree of the Scottish Rite in 
.Masonry, and is a member of the First 
Presbyterian church of Fort Wayne. In 
lH6r> he returned to Kentucky to marry 
.Miss Laura II. Lightfoot, daughter of 
Judge George (\ and Melinda (Ilolton) 
Lightfoot. .Mrs. Bass was born at Fal- 
mouth, Kentucky, and lived there until her 
marriage. Two children were l)om to their 
union. Laura (trace, wife of Dr. Gaylord 
M. I.*eslie. of Fort Wayne; and John H., 
who died August 7, 1891. 



1446 



INDIANA AND INDIANAXS 



Nathan Wxteimky, who is proprietor 
of the lar^eflt furniture and household fur- 
nishing prooils business in Henry County, 
is a strikinfT example of the man who was 
(lonieil complete opportunities in the old 
estal)Iislie<l order of Europe and seeking 
))etter thin^rs in America has made f^ood 
an<l prospered, and is one of the )?enerous, 
public spirited and capable men of affairs 
in this country todav. 

He was lM)rn in Hussian Poland, and 
came to America in 1SS4. first loeatinf? 
at Indiana|K)iis. He had learned the trade 
*>f brirklayer in Poland, arid followed that 
work at !ii(liana)»nlis a sliort time. Later, 
usiiifj a very limit***! rapital, he opened 
a second liaiid furniture store at Indian- 
a])olis. SclliiiL; that he enpraired in the 
scrap iron and metal business, and soon 
established headipiarttTs at Cincinnati. 
He still owns larire interests in that line 
at (Mnciniuiti. In 1^1M>, comiiifr to New- 
ciistle, he opened a sfcoml hand furniture 
store and scrap iron business on Fifteenth 
and Kace str4'ets. When liis buiblin^ was 
torn <lown he moved to the corner of Fif- 
teentli and Hnwul streets, and was there 
five years. He then returned to Cincinnati 
and established a scra[) inm and metal busi- 
ness, ami lookeil after it personally for two 
vears. Mr. Watelskv returned to New- 
ca.stle in 1!H)r». opene<i a furniture store and 
scrap metal Imsiness on the site of the 
old (trand Op<Ta House. When that build- 
injr wa.s torn down he moved to the Blue 
Front on Hrojid Street, and in May, 1912. 
came to his pres«»nt location at the corner 
of Fifteentli anil Hroad streetK. This is 
now the home nf the larpt»st furniture store 
in Henrv roniitv. He uses an entin» !»lo<»k 
*2'y bv 1:iO fcft. anti handb*H U)th new anil 
second-hiind lioiisrhold furnishinir troinls. 
supplying thi* demands of a lartre cjiuntry 
and town trade. He still ronducts a srrap 
metal business at lt>2:Ml We^^t Sixth 
Street in Cini-iniiati. havin*; a f'uihlinfr '^f 
fiHir stories and baNiMiifnt in complete us«\ 

Mr. Nathan Watelsky marrir.l Jennie 
Haron. daughter of .la<'ob ainl L*vd) Hanui 
of Poland. To their marriatre were lM»rn 
twelve cfiildren. five of wh'Mii an* d«'*'fa'»'*d. 
Alexander Henjamin WatfUky. the oldfst 
son. was iMirn Marcli 1. !****.'». in Kns»*ian 
Poland and when a year and a half oM 
was briiUL'ht to this country by his iiiotlicr. 
lit* ha> alua\s U*en with his fat)i«T and 
siih'i* i*arlv vouth has |>een his aetive as- 



sociate in business. He now maintains 
fireneral supervision of the business both 
at Cincinnati and Newcastle. He received 
his early education in Indianapolis and 
Newcastle, and on November 1, 1914, mar- 
ried Miss Sarah Bamett. They have one 
daughter, Bernice Anita, torn in 1916. 
Alexander Benjamin Watelsky is a re- 
publican, is affiliated with the Eairles, 
Moose, and B'nai BVith of Muncie. Indi- 
ana, and attends the Orthodox Jewish 
Church. 

Cii.MU^Ms M.vRSHAU-, Crawford. An old 
cultured community like Crawfordsville is 
said to possess a l>etter sense of the reali- 
ties and essential values of life than youn je- 
er and more distinctivelv commercial com- 
muniti«*s. Therefore it is a judfrment 
that is not likely to Ik* reversed when the 
community set its seal of approval upon 
the late Charles Marshall Crawford not 
only in his practical career as a men*hant 
ami banker but even more as a man true 
to all the varied relationships of life. 

His life was as useful as it was lon^r. ITe 
was lH»rn at Crawfordsville September 22. 
1845. and died there Au^st 30, 1917, afred 
seventy-two. His parents were Henry and 
Lydia M. (Marshall) Crawford. Ilenrj' 
Crawford was bom at Charleston, Vir- 
irinia, December 15. 1802, son of Alexan- 
der and Catherine Crawford, the former a 
native of Ireland and the latter of Penn- 
sylvania, and they spent their last days 
in Montgomery County, Indiana. Henry 
Crawford was a pioneer at Crawfordsville, 
establisbinir a general store there about 
1S27. That was lonp l)efore railroads were 
built over the Middle West, and when he 
went to New York to buy ^roods it was a 
six weeks* journey. He was hard work- 
in^r. boiK'^t and met h«Ml leal, and was 
(Treat ly prtispereil in bis business afTairs. 
He was also one of the men who eontrib- 
uteii to the makinpr of Crawfordsville an 
educational center, beiufr an active friend 
of Wabash <'o|lejre fnmi the time of its 
fimnilintr. H** was a menil»er of the Pres- 
bvterian Church. Henrv Crawford died 
April 2. l.**7s. His first wife was Mary 
Coi-hran. He marriei] Lydia M. Marshall 
in 1>^41. She was Uirn at Dumlmrton, 
New Hampshire, and was a dau|;hter of 
Benjamin jiiiil Klizabeth Marshall. She 
was one of the s#»lect company from New 
Knirland who were attrai*ted to Crawfordf- 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1447 



ville by thi» pri^MMire of WnhaMh Colleffe, 
IIt*r hrothcr-iii-Iaw. (*al(>h Mills, was the 
first toiifhrr in Walmsh Collepe. Mrs. 
Ht^iirv ('rawfi»nl ilie^l in 1S8H. tho mother 

« _ 

of two fliiMron. (*harItHi M. and (*lara R. 

Charh's M. Oawfonl attended the com- 
mon srhtMils nnd in \Si\0 entered Wabash 
<'olb»K«'. Ml* wjLs a student tht»ri» three 
\ears. liut diiriiiiT much of the time his 
thoujrhts and ambit inns wi-re with the 1m>vs 
in blue ticlitin^ the war of frredom. In 
April. l**t»1. he fiiund his desire {rratifnMl 
to iNTiiiiif a MijiJier anil enlisteil in Com- 
panv |) iif tlie One Hundred and Thirtv- 
tiffh Indiana Vniniiteers. He was appoint- 
I'll orilerly t«» tln» i*«»li»ni'| of the regiment 
and pert'nrmeil all the si)bli<»rly tlutii^s with 
eredit. Aft«'r the war lu» attended Kast- 
man\ Musiness Tolletro at Pouirhkt*epsir. 
New York, and tlim returiieii to Oaw- 
fortls\ilb» to join his father in business. 
He jrave new strnifrth and prestiir«» to that 
oM-established ston\ whieli for manv vears 
was liM'ated where the Titi/ens National 
Hank ni»w stands, and ei>ntinued as a iner- 
fhant thrre ft)r sevi'ral vears after his 
father's tleath. until ISS4. In that vear 
he beeame presitlent t»f the Indiana Wire 
Kenei* (*oiiipany, and direfti^l tinit lo<*al 
industry until it wa> s«i1d. Tpnn the or- 
irani/atiiin of the KNton National Hank he 
lH»enme its viiM» president and eontinuwl 
in that otlii-e until his death. In 1900 he 
also jrave ( Vawforilsvillo a eommrxlioua 
and m«Mb»rati' hotel, the Crawford House. 

The late Mr. Crawford was an earnest 
republiean. and was always sinrprely in- 
ten*sted in his e<imradt*s of the war. i>einfr 
a member anii at one time eommander of 
MePhersim Host. (Jrand Army of the Re- 
publii'. For many years and until his 
death he was a ilirertor of the Oak Hill 
<'emef«»ry ronipany and at one time its 
prrsii|i«nt. He exp*Mideil much effort in 
carintr f«>r arnl iMMUtifvinj* this ritv of the 
ileail. and always without expectation of 
any re wan! for his service. Hi» was a de- 
votfil riirinber of the sjime chur«-h which 
his father arnl mofher hatl attnuliNl. the 
Tenter Hrt sbytcrian t'liun-h. 

In 1*^7** Mr. Crawford Tuarried Mis^ 
.Vnna Milli^'an. Slii» was born at Hitts- 
burdi. Hcniisylvania. and was reared and 
•••lui-aTfd t}ii*r»' Mrs. Crawford and her 
two cli'Llrcn, Alexander M. ami Lydia M.. 
Nur\ ivc. 

A well ihos«Mi tribute to this veteran 



businesH man and citizen of (*rawfords- 
ville was written bv a friend who had 
known him from ItoyhiXNl in the follow- 
in^r words: **Mr. Oawford waa a man of 
varied achievements. A ffcM)d soldier when 
a bijv in his teens, he later became a sue- 
ccssfid merchant, numufacturer. banker, 
farmer, nniii of jreneral affairs. He had 
a natural aptitude f(»r busintms of any 
kind and was <{uick to dete(*t the quality 
of any j»rt»poseil jinM-cdure. His businesa 
shp»wilnrss was temi»ere<| by a very ^nu- 
ine human i|uality. The writer reealU 
an iiiNtaiH'e when two women came to him 
with business troubles of vcrv real con- 
cfM'n to them. His Nvmpathv waa awak- 

• I • 

f*\u*t\ in an instant. He said to them: Mjo 
home and jrive yourselves no further con- 
i-crn. heave it t«» mi» and I will s<»e that 
it shall be done as you desire.' Then he 
called top'ther a number of persons con- 
cern«'il in the j»rt»mi.ses. tohl them the story, 
insisted on a reversal of an onler which 
had been ina«ie aiiii sr) kept his promise 
to the letter. 

'*Ni» one ever heard of a case in which 
he had dealt unjustlv with anv man, rich 
or p«H»r. His name seldom appeared in 
the iMmrts and never in a questionable con- 
nection. Thouf;h he had abundant means 
he was e<*onr»mical in its use; a penerous 
donor to a worthy cause, but himself an 
example of one who practiced the simple 
life, and, plain in all his tastes, he waa 
miHlest and a worthy example to his fel- 
low townsmen, and esteemeil by all elasaes 
of the community in which he lived." 

JtK^KPii Harrison St.xlkv. Thoufrh only 
twenty.eiirht years of ajje Joseph Ham- 
S4»n Staley. (»f Knifrhtstown. has done some 
thint's that nnike him one of the interest- 
insr men of the nation. He is an inventive 
trenius and in the field of autitmobile me- 
chaniis has fi'w rivals. Mr. Staley 's jrreat 
Work has been done throutrh his Knijrhts- 
town company, known as the Contineii- 
tal Auto I*arts Ci>mpany. which he prae- 
tji'ally tpwns. and of which he is a dire«»- 
tor aUil the presidtMit. 

.Mr. Staley was born at Charlottesville. 
HaneiN'k County. Indiana, .\pril 11. 1H91, 
son of S. C. and Callie Kvans . Staley. 
He is of Seoteh-Irish ancestry. His 
trrandfather, Harrison Staley, i»ame to 
America when seven years of ajre with his 
parents, who settled in Virginia. l.ater 



1448 



INDIANA AND INDIAXAXS 



he drove an ox team out to Hancock 
County, Indiana, and spent the rest of his 
days in that locality. S. C. Staley, second 
child of his parents, was bom in Hancock 
County and for twenty -six years was a suc- 
cessful school teacher. He was principal 
of the schools at Greenfield in 1898-99. He 
is now president of the Farmers National 
Hank at Wilkinson in Hancock County. 

Joseph Harrison Staley was the only 
chihl of his parents. He attended the 
prrammar and hiffh school at Charlottes- 
ville, gri^duated in 1908, then spent an- 
other year in the (ireenfield Hiph School, 
and for two y«*ars was a student of But- 
ler I'nivcrsity at Indianapolis, whore he 
made his major study chemistry. The 
year following;: he spent on his father's 
I{20-arre farm near Charlottesville. An- 
other year he was working at difTcrent lines 
in California and the states f)f the North- 
west, and also in Old Mexiro. Returning 
home to Wilkinson, he was assistant cash- 
ier of the Farmers National Hank a year. 

In 19l:{ Mr. Stalev marriotl Mis,s Minnie 
L. Simmons, daufrhter of William H. and 
Charity (Williams) Simmons, farmers 
near Wilkinson. Mr. and Mrs. Staley have 
two ehildren, Phyllis Maxine, horn in 1915, 
and Joseph H. Staley, Jr.. Imni in 1918. 

F(»llowin>r his marriaire Mr. Staley live<l 
on a farm a short time and then l)ecamc 
superintendent of the .Martindale & Milli- 
fSiiu automobile factory at Franklin, In- 
diana. Five months later he Ixmfrht the 
(rood will and assets of the company and 
eondu<*tetl it for hims«»lf. In the spring 
of 1916 he movt»d the entire plant to 
Knijrhtstown, and jrave a new title to the 
business. The Continental Auto Parts 
Comi)any. Ur manufaetured simie auto- 
mobile parts, and also bad a shop for (iren- 
eral repair wnrk. In the fall of 1916 he 
bepin inanufat-turin^ automobile aeees- 
s<»ries. In tin- spring of 1917 be addtnl 
l^ara^e and ireneral faetory equipment. 
Mr. Staley mannfa<'tures i»nly bis own pat- 
ented tlevitt'N. Kvery nuv of his patents 
has provtMl itx wurtb and value. 

Kspei'iallv iMiteMnrfbv is bis nuJtor 
stand usi'il fnr ass* inblintr all types of mo- 
tors. In 1917 this stand was a<lopted by 
the I'fiitf.l Stiitf'. <i<>vt>rnm«'nt. and .Mr. 
Stalfv uas ralb'!! tn WaNbintrton and jriveti 
the super\i^ion «>f n little deftartinent of 
bis (»\\n for manufaeturin^ the spec'ial as- 
seinbltnL' and repair stand for the Liberty 



Motor. The Government has taken the 
entire output of these stands ever since. 
It was adopted by the Ordnance Depart- 
ment, . the Quartermaster's Department, 
the Hureau of Aircraft Production, Motor 
Transport Corps, and the navy. Mr. Staley 
also invented and patented the Continen- 
tal Auto Creeper, another device adopted 
by the Goveniment, a Continental Radiator 
Stand, a Continental Combination Jack and 
Industrial Truck, a Continental Axle 
Stand, a Continental Battery Stand, and a 
Continental Assembly and Welding Table. 
Thus the Continental Auto Parts Com- 
pany has in a very short time leaped into 
national prominence as an industry sup- 
plyinpr vital essentials throuf^h the great 
task of war material production. 

Mr. Staley is also interested in farm- 
ing; and Imnking. He is a progressive re- 
publi(*an, is affiliate<l with Franklin Lodge 
of .Mamms and with the Phi Delta Theta 
fraternity of Butler C*ollege. He is also 
a memlMT of the Society of Automotive 
Engineers. During the latter months of 
the war he was commissioned a major by 
the (loveniment in the Onlnance Depart- 
ment. 

Hky.vnt Welsh (tnx£.«4'iE is senior part- 
ner in the firm of Gillespie, Clark & Beck, 
livestock (commission merchants at Indian- 
apolis. This firm has been in continuous 
existence for nearly thirty years and is one 
of the oldrat commission houscm in the state. 
Mr. (lillespic has long been a veteran fig- 
ure in the livestock markets of that city 
and is so known and esteemed not only lo- 
cally but among the thousands who have 
patroni/«*d tb(»S4* markets from all over the 
state. 

Mr. Ciillespie represents one of the old- 
est and most patri<»tie Ameriean families. 
He was l^orn in Crawfonl County, Ohio, 
January 26. \^Ch\, son of Th(»mas and Han- 
nab • Welsh I Gilbwpie. In the fall of 
1M):{. when be was alniut a year old, his 
parents mov(*il to Illinois, first locating at 
Hidge Farm near Danville, later at Paris, 
and still later at N(*wman. Thomas Gil- 
b'spie and wife spent the rest of their days 
in Nfwmaii. where the former die<l Xovem- 
Iht 22. 1917, and the latter on Man*h 31, 
l>7ri. 

Thomas (tilU^pie was a stcM'k l»uyer and 
tlealer. and his example was no doubt the 
ehief inthien<*e in causing his son Bryant 




;?;?^/:AxA.,j4--^ 



r~^ 



IXDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1451 



and in 1859 he felt ready to practice. After 
an extende<l trip in search for a location, 
he opene<l an office at Crawfordsville in 
NovcnilH*r of that vear. lie was successful 
from the start, winning* his first important 
case in Inith the lower and the Supreme 
courts. In 1871 he was invited to a part- 
nership at Indianapolis hy Joseph E. Mc- 
Donald (<|. v.). and this lasted until the 
hitter's death in June, 1891. Mr. McDon- 
ald's son Frank, and Mr. H. liutlers 
youiijrcr hrother, (icorjjt* (\ were adde<l to 
the firm, and it so continued until the 
death of (ieorpe i\ Sutler, a young man of 
great ability, in 188:{. He was replaced 
i»y Augustus Lynch Mason, who withdrew 
in the latter part of 1887 on account of ill 
health. His place was taken by Alpheus 
H. Snow, Mr. Butlers son-in-law. The 
business of the firm was extensive and 
profitable, and was largely in the Federal 
courts, and the Supreme courts of the 
State and the United States. 

While Mr. Butler was engaged in many 
important cases, there was one which in 
importance to the public exccf»de<l all the 
rest combine<l, and indeed it seldom fails 
to the lot of any man to effect such a far- 
reaching reform as Mr. Butler achievetl by 
establishing what is known as ''the Six 
Months Rule.'* It had become a rather 
common practice for the managers of rail- 
roads to create a large amount of debt for 
supplies and labor, and then have a re- 
ceiver appointed, foreclose, and bar these 
debts. A case of this character was the 
foreclosure of the mortgage on the Indian- 
apolis, Bl(K)mington & Western Railway, in 
the I'. S. rircuit Court for Indiana and 
Illinois. Mr. Butler represented the Rogers 
Iii»<u»m(»tive Works, which had sold a num- 
ber of Iwomotivcs to the railroad company, 
and these, before they were paid for, had 
been reilured almost tr> junk by heavy use, 
and not evcfi ordinarv care. There were 

• 

numerous oth«»r bills outstanding, and the 
wag»'s of the etnf>loyees were largely in de- 
fault. In present injr the case, basing his 
argument on the bntail proposition that **he 
who s«M'ks equity must do e<|uity/* Mr. 
Bntlcr insisted that the mortgage bond- 
bnMprs oueht not to receive the Wnefit of 
labor and material furnished for the main- 
tiriane*' <»f the pniperty within six months 
precetling the action for fore<»lnsuro. with- 
out paying for the^i. Judge Dnimmond 
Hustaineil this position, then without a 



precedent, and also entered similar rulings 
in a number of other cases covered by the 
principle, one of which was at once ap- 
pealed to the Supreme Court. It was not 
Mr. Butler s case, but at the request of 
Judge Drummond, he volunteered in it 
(Fosdick vs. Schall, 99 V. S. p. 235) and 
both briefed it and argued it orally before 
the Supreme Court, his work, however pass- 
ing in the printed report to the credit of 
R. Biddlc Roberts, who was attorney of 
n»cord for Schnll. The Supreme Court sus- 
tained Judge Drummond, and so this rule, 
whi(>h Mr. liutler originated and estab- 
lishe<l. became a permanent rule of Ameri- 
<' «n law : and it is a rule which has been of 
enormous benefit to employees and credi- 
tors of railn)ad companies. Mr. Butler 
invoked the power of the courts in an- 
other matter of even greater importance. 
Roused by the ruin of a young man by 
s[)eculation in futures, he made an earnest 
effort to have the court recognize all such 
speculation as gambling, and refuse to en- 
force anv contracts in connection with it. 
The soundness of his argument was so ap- 
parent that nobody has ever attempted to 
answer it. but the court was not prepared 
to risk a ruling so far-reaching in its con- 
sciiuences. 

Mr. liutlcr never sought office, but he was 
a very earnest republican, and was gener- 
ally calle<! on for one or more campaign 
speeches by his party. There were always 
fonnidable arguments which were printed 
and circulated as campaign documents, but 
tbev were not usuallv attractive to the 
onlinary campaign audience. In conse- 
nuence a political friend was sent to him 
to suggest that he ** liven up" his speeches 
by introducing a few anecdotes and jokes 
to i'heer the common herd. Mr. Butler ad- 
mitte<l the rea.sonableness of the suggestion, 
and pnimiscil compliance. At his next ap- 
pearance as a campaign orator, he began 
i>v telling three .stories that appealed to 
bim. and then settled down to an argument 
tln»t would have suited the dignity of a 
Supreme Court. There were no further 
ntteinpts to n»form his style of speech-mak- 
ing. 

Mr. Butler died at \ew York City, on 
September In. 1895. while East on business. 
He left a considerable estate to his wife, his 
son and his daughter. The son, John 
Maurice Butler, died alwut six months 
later. The widow. Sue W. ( Jennison) But- 



1452 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



ler, died on April 1, 1899, at Nice, Prance. 
By her will, after paying certain legacies, 
the property was left to the daughter, Mar- 
garet Butler Snow, for life, and after her 
death the estate was to be divided into six 
parts, one of which is to go to The Indian- 
apolis Law Library and Bar Association, 
to erect a memorial building, bearing her 
husband *K name, for the association's use; 
and another sixth to the City of Indian- 
apolis to found The John Maurice Butler 
Dispensary. Additional remainders go to 
these two objects, after certain other life 

estates. 

I 

Henry C. Yauky is 8ecretar\' and treas- 
urer of the Pan-American Bridge Com- 
pany of Newciistle. He has been a manu- 
facturer aiul business man for many years, 
and fonnerly was chiefly identificil with 
lum)H*ring as a manufacturer. 

lie was lK)rn on a farm in Henry County 
in 1856, son of John and Nancy ((^rull) 
Yauky. His grandfather, Frederick 
Yauky, came from Pennsylvania an<l sct- 
tletl in Ohio, near Miamisburg. Of his 
nine children John was the oldest. John 

Yaukv became a Henrv County farmer. 

• • • 

He had three children, one son and two 
daughters. 

Henry C. Yauky attended the public 
schools to the age of sixteen, and after 
that worked as a farm hand to the age of 
twenty-three. For eight years he oper- 
ated a threshing outfit, and the money he 
made in this business he use<l to invest in 
a sawmill at Messick Station in Henry 
Count v. After seven vears there he moved 
to Arkansas, and was a luml)er manufac- 
turer on a more extensive scale in the tim- 
ber regions of that state for two years. 
Selling <»ut. he returned to Newcastle in 
1SI>2. and then formed a partnership with 
Wilbur (*ox. They oi>erate<l a saw mill 
and als(» a spoke and rim factor^'. After 
thn*e years Mr. Yauky Innight his part- 
ner's interest and continued the industry 
for seven years, finally selling out to Frank 
Kcvnolds. 

Mr. Yaukv has Ixcn interested from the 
first in the Pan-American Bridire Com- 
pany. He was elected a director of the 
first me«*ting of that company, and is now 
also one of the large sttM*kholders and se«»- 
retary of the company. Mr, Yauky owns 
120 acn*H (»f land near Newcastle, is a 
sti»ckhohlcr and dinvtor in the (Quality 



Tire & Rubber Company of Anderson, and 
has a number of other business interests. 

In 1879 he married Miss Ruth AlUnder, 
daughter of Joseph and Annie (Mower) 
Allinder. They lost both their children 
when young and have reared a boy since 
infancy, Jesse Edward Derringer. This 
foster son is now an American patriot, be- 
ing with the Two Hundred and Sixty-Fifth 
Aero Squadron in France. Mr. Yauky is 
a democrat and is treasurer of the Church 
of Christ at Newcastle. 

Feijx J. Trainor. At the age of eleven 
years Felix J. Trainor went to work in a 
spring factory at Cincinnati, Ohio. His 
suc<*esK in life is due not only to his early 
start, but to the concentration of his mind 
and energies along one line. Mr. Trainor 
is a prominent Indiana manufacturer at 
Newcastle, l>eing president and general 
manager of the National Spring C<mipany 
of that city. 

He was Itoni in Cincinnati, July 24, 
1S7!^ son of Patrick and Dora Maria (Gib- 
son) Trainor. His parents came from 
County Down, Ireland, in 1862, and after 
one year in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, 
movecl to Cincinnati, where they spent 
their last years. The father was a car- 
penter by trade and died in 1893. The 
mother is still living at Cincinnati. 

Felix J. Trainor was next to the young- 
est in a family of nine children. Ht at- 
tended the public schools of Cincinnati 
and at the age of eleven became a boy 
helper in the Columbian Spring Works. 
All his wages he contributed toward help- 
ing out the family. He was with the 
Columbian Spring Works until 1911. At 
the age of thirteen he was promoted to the 
responsibility of operating a machine in 
the factor}-. At twenty-one he was fore- 
man of the forging department, and after 
four years was made superintendent of 
the entire factory. For ten yean he had 
the supervision of a working force of 150 
men. Durinir that time he became a mas- 
ter of ever>'tning connected with the man- 
ufacture of springs. In 1911 he resigned 
his place at Cincinnati to come to New- 
castle, and in De<*ember of that year be- 
came su|>erintendent of the National 
Spring Company. Two years later he waa 
made manager and vice president and 
two years after that, having acquired the 
majority stOi*k in the businev, became 



INDIANA AND INDIAXANS 



1453 



president and general manager. This 
company manufactures springa of a great 
variety and type, especially those used in 
automobiles and other types of vehicles. 
The springs are shipped to practically all 
the markets of the world, even as far 
away as South Africa, and much of the 
work at present is done for the Qovem- 
roent. Upwards of eighty men are em- 
ployed in the factory. During the past 
five years Mr. Trainor has increased the 
volume of business a thousand per cent, 
and the outlook now is for practically a 
doubling of the business in 1919. Mr. 
Trainor is well known in Newcastle and 
has a number of real estate and other in- 
terests. 

In 1905 he married MisH Cecelia Sulli- 
van, daughter of Jeremiah and Catherine 
(McDonald) Sullivan of Cincinnati. Their 
children are Elizabeth Marcella, Catherine 
Eudora, Felix Raymond and Cecelia. Mr. 
Trainor and family are members of St. 
Anne*R (^atholic Church. He is affiliated 
with the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks. 

Frederick Henry Err. Jr. To this 
L4ifayette citizen, now retired and living 
in comfort at his home in West Lafayette, 
has come unique distinctions in the field 
of sports. As a crack shot and as a trainer 
of hunting dogs he became known to a 
sporting fraternity national if not inter- 
national, and he numbers among his per- 
sonal friends many distinguished celebri- 
ties. 

Mr. Erb was bom on Oregon Street in 
L4ifayette, August 16, 1854, son of Fred- 
erick Henry and Mary Sophia (Roily) 
Erb. His mother was a native of France. 
His father was a native of Switzerland, 
and came to America at the age of six- 
teen. He was a wine grower in the old 
country but in America took up and de- 
veloped remarkable skill and ability as a 
race horse trainer and owner. He owned 
some of the noted fast horses of his time 
and was also an expert in other branches 
of outdoor s|)orts. He wan a successful 
trainer and promoter, and during his ca- 
reer built the first race track at I/afayette. 
He was a remarkable man in manv wavs, 
and his great vitality is atteste<l by the 
fact that when he died in VJ\0 he was a 
hundred six years old. 

Fred Krb. Jr., inherited all the tjuali- 
T«i. m— 1« 



ties of his father in respect to sportsman- 
ship. In early life he was a jockey, and 
later took up trap and live bird shooting, 
and after defeating Captain Bogardus was 
hailed as the champion of the world. 

Some of his striking achievements are 
told in a brief sketch published in the La- 
fayette Herald in 1895, when Mr. Erb 
was at the height of his powers. Portions 
of this sketch are herewith quoted: ''He 
was given a fair education in the public 
schools of this city. Young Erb waa a 
born shot, having inherited his talent from 
his father, who also in his day was a king 
at the traps, and was the first man to ever 
shoot a live pigeon match in this country, 
defeating William King of Ijondon, Eng- 
land, for the world *s championship wd 
♦1,000 on the side. Fred Erb, Sr., also 
shot a great match with Jack Taylor of 
New Jersey, for $2,500 a side, and was 
defeated in this match. This great event 
was shot off at the old Opp homestead 
many years ago. Old timers will still re- 
meinl)er this event. 

"Free! Erb, Jr.. at the age of eight was 
sent to Lexington, Kentucky, by his father 
as a rider of running horses, Fred keep- 
ing this up until the age of eighteen. Dur- 
ing his career as a jockey he rode the great 
winners of those days, known to turf fame 
as Rambler, Prairie Boy, Silver Tail, Bull 
of the Woods, Qypsie and other celebrated 
blue grass stock. 

**At the age of twelve years his shoot- 
ing qualities first came into publicity, and 
while riding the circuit of running horses 
he was often backed by his father in live 
pigeon matches, in which he scored sig- 
nal victories at the trap. Erb's great 
achievement that brought him into national 
fame was his challenge to Captain Bogar- 
dus, who was then the all around cham- 
pion of the world. This match came off 
in March, 1880, at St. Joseph, Missouri, 
Erb killing ninety-three to Bogardus' 
eighty-three birds. At St. Louis in Janu- 
ary, 1881, Erb in a contest with a num- 
ber of celebrated shots killed twenty-five 
straight birds, winning eight hundred dol- 
lars. 

** Several years ago Erb retired from the 
professional arena to engage in dog train- 
ing, having been solicited to do so by many 
of the dog fanciers of the country. How- 
ever, the old fever returned and last win- 
ter Mr. VM} again took up the trusty and 



1454 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



will prepare to go for the championship 
of the world a|^in. In connection with 
his work at the trap the same interest will 
bo (riven his kennel, which now contains 
some of the most blooded stock in the 
country. Krb has a national reputation 
as a successful trainer. He has trained 
dops f<»r all the celebrated sports in the 
country. 

*'Krb's training methods are ideas 
stri«»tly his own. The dop* are lirst taught 
tf) retrieve, and then* after becoming; used 
to tlic call of the whistle are piven actual 
experience in the field • • • >lr. 
Krb has made muih* wonderful scorc^J 
and we doubt if there is a tiuin livinp who 
can c<|ual him with sliotpun and rifle, or 
handling a dotr f«»r field shttotinp and re- 
trieving." 

As this indicates. Mr. Krb has won 
many friends and admin^rs durinp his a<*- 
tive earccr. and one of his persoiud friends 
was a no N^s distinpuishcil p<*rsonapi* than 
'riitHiiJori* UiMisevelt. fi>r wluMii he trained 
bird ilojrs. Thouph iu»w livinp retired Mr. 
Krb still keeps up the keenest interest in 
all kinds of field sports. 

In reeent ycaiN Mr. Krb has built up a 
consitlerable business in manufacturing 
and sellinp f(M»d and tonies for animal 
pets. 

There are three speeial points in his 
n-eord whieh de^Tve (juotiiip in the te<»hni- 
eal phra.s«Milopy of s[»ort : •*Me was the 
first man to 1m» handieapped from 2<i yards 
to 111 yanls. one liarrel pun. Im»Iow ellM)w, 
kill bird uii the wintr in ls70 at St. !/<»uis. 
Missiinri. In 1^7:{ .Mr. Krb imported the 
first i-ornplete set of irri»uiid traps and Ilar- 
liiiV'haiii Kiili's frnm Knplantl. whieh were 
Useil at many plai'es and at all biir shoots. 

** Kr}» was th»* first slH»ot»»r. as a kill then, 
til be liarred a^ a |»rof« SNJunal ^^lutt in the 
wnrld at thi' bJL' simnt at peoria. Illinois. 
June lo ti» l:{. 1^7.'>. Tn the worbi he is 
otdv a kid vet. aiiil the nldeNt nne in th«^ 
piiiiie tnilav. anil everv dav of his life is 
speiit with linirs anil L''uns. and thi- ordy 
handb'r that will taki bji: eoiitrai'ts ti> po 
an\ where in the wnrM to dn the r«'triev- 
iiiir with a bJL' bun«h «'f tbips at the biir 
l:ve bird sl:ih»TN aiiil weaithv ••!ub <rrouniIs 

■ 

and private inateht^. 

"Kred Kr*». Jr. has made the bi»st si»orf»s 
on re-itpl in the wurld on live birds and 
tarirt'tx. uniler tryinir eonditiinis. aiul he is 
still in the pamc. There is no doubt that 



he is the ({uickest shot that ever faces the 
traps, or anywhere else, with a shotgun." 

Thomas S. Meeker is an Indianapolis 
hotel owner, has been prominent in local 
and state democratic politics for a num- 
Iter of years, and through his family re- 
lationship has a numl>er of interesting as- 
so<'iations with the prominent people of the 
state. 

For a lonp perio<l of years the Meeker 
shipyard at New Albany, conducted by 
bis paternal grandfather and the latter 's 
two son.s, including Stephen, was famous 
as a eenter of steamboat construction. 
The .Mcekers built most of the note<l craft 
that plied the Ohio and Mississippi rivers 
before the war. when the river trade was 
the preat artery of traffic between the 
North and the South. Among the boats they 
built was the Robert K. Lee and also the 
Natehez, famctus for the l)oat races they 
ctipapeil in from New Orleans to St. Louis. 

Mr. Thonuis S. Me4»ker was lK)m at New 
Albany. Indiana, in 1SH1. a son of Stephen 
and Marv iKice» Meeker. A number of 
his uiu'lcs and other kinsmen have been 
noted figures in state politics and business 
affairs. His uncle, the late James B. 
Kyan. was treasurer of Indiana in the 
early 70s. also a large property owner 
an<l one of the wealthiest citizens of In- 
dianapolis in his day. James Riee, another 
unele. was auditor of the State of Indiana 
and a nnin of wealth. Thomas Ilanlon, 
who was also an unele. now fills a public 
position in Washinpton. and for sixteen 
years was eounty auditor of Floyd County. 
His mother's brother. Joseph Rice, held a 
Federal p(»sition at. Jeffersonville for 
twenty-one years, and bis father. Palmer 
Kii-e. of New Albany, was one of the most 
eoiispieiii»us men *»f that eity prior to and 
diirinp the Tivil war. and trnik care of and 
fnrnish»'d the supplies for many thousands 
of sohliers eoniinp and poinp between the 
North anil South. 

Mr. Stejihen Meek«*r. who is now living 
ill Iiiilianapolis at the ape of eighty-two, 
was. as already noted, identificil with the 
Mci'ker shipbiiiblinp industry at New Al- 
bany, and has had a lonir and interesting 
exp«'rienee in affairs. It was in New Al- 
bany that Thonuis S. Meeker spent his 
boyihMHJ ;.ii<] sihrM>1 days. II is first business 
experii'Uie was in the train service on the 
Monon Railroad, whieh he fullowed five 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1455 



years. For a time he was traveling sales- 
man for the Indianapolis Cigar Company. 
In 1904 he engaged in the hotel business 
at Indianapolis. He and his brother, Ham- 
ilton Meeker, under the firm name of Meek- 
er Brothers, are proprietors of the Oneida 
Hotel at 214-220 South Illinois Street, near 
the Union Station and in the heart of the 
best hotel district. This is one of the popu- 
lar hotels of the Indiana capital and en- 
joys a large and continuous patronage. 

Mr. Meeker had hardly emerged into 
manhood when he took an interesting part 
in politics, and has been an exceedingly 
influential figure, considering his age and 
experience. He has served as a delegate 
to every national convention of the demo- 
»;ratic party since and including 1904. He 
was the organizer of the Old Hickory 
Club of Indianapolis, and is a prominent 
member of the Elks, Indiana Athletic 
Club, Canoe Club and other organizations. 
He married Miss Dorothy Jordan, daugh- 
ter of Patrick Jordan of Washington, In- 
diana. Thev have one son, Thomas Hamil- 
ton Meeker, born in 1911. 

Hon. James R. Filming, of Portland 
and Indianapolis, is one of the younger 
men of affairs of Indiana, is a lawyer, state 
senator from Jay C'ounty and a democratic 
leader. 

Senator Fleming was bom in Henry 
County, Indiana, in 1881, son of George R. 
and Sarah (Cummins) Fleming, the latter 
now deceased. His father is a farmer and 
still lives on the farm at Sulphur Springs 
in Ilenrv Countv, where his son was bom. 
The Flemings are of Scotch and English 
origin, and first came to America in the 
seventeenth centurj-, settling in Maryland. 
Senator Fleming's grandfather came from 
Fairmonnt, West Virginia, to Indiana in 
pioneer times, and was an early settler in 
Ilcnrv Countv. 

James R. Fleming was educated in the 
local public schools and the high school at 
Elwooil. Indiana. He entered the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, graduating from the 
law department with the class of 1904. 
In the same year he Itegan practice at 
Portland, countv s<»at of Jav Countv, 
where his home has since been. Along 
with the exacting routine of the legal pro- 
fession he has always taken an active in- 
terest in affairs and l<x»al politics. He was 
eleetcd and served two terms as prosecut- 



ing attorney of Jay County. In 1913 he 
was elected a member of the Lower House 
of the State Legislature, and in 1914 was 
chosen to the State Senate for the term of 
four years. In the Senate he has been & 
member of many important committeea. 
In the session of 1915 he was chairman of 
the judiciary committee, and in 1917 was 
caucas chairman of the Senate. He is a 
man of ability, of much experience, baa 
high ideals, and his home county and state 
have every reason to take pride in his work 
and his influence. 

Senator P'leming is affiliated with the 
Masonic Order, the Elks and other organi- 
zations. He marrie<I Miss Jennie Adair, 
of Portland. They have a daughter, 
Marian. 

Floyd W. Stoit, a Newcastle merchant 
for over twenty years, is widely and fav- 
orably known in Henry County, where he 
has spent all his life and where his ances- 
tors were pioneers. He is a member of the 
tinn of Stout & Williams, grocery and 
flotliing merchants. 

.Mr. ytout was horn on a farm near New- 
castle, on the Hn>wn Road in Henry Town- 
ship. July 18, 1868. His parents were 
William W. and Rebecca (Livesey) Stout. 
He is of English ancestr>\ His grand- 
father, Elijah Stout, on coming to Henry 
County secured government land two 
miles east of Newcastle. His deed was 
signed by Andrew Jackson. He cleared 
up and developed 600 acres. The old 
farm continued in the possession of the 
Stout family from 1839 until it was sold 
in 1902. Elijah Stout had five dau^ten 
and one son. 

Floyd W. Stout was educated in coun- 
try s<*hools, also the Newcastle High 
School, and at the age of seventeen began 
teaching. One sc*hooI in which he taught 
in HcnrA' Township was built on an acre 
of land which had been donated for that 
purpase by his grandfather. After four 
years of teaching he entered the grocery 
l>usiness at Newcastle. The firm of Stout 
& Williams was in business for twenty- 
one years at 1549 Hroml Street, all the 
time in the same room. They then bought 
land and built their present building in 
1911. They have a large stock of general 
gro<»cries and men's clothing, with a town 
and country trade for fifteen miles around 
Newcastle. Mr. Stout is a stocfcholder in 



1456 



INDIANA AND INDIANAXS 



local banks .and it alao a director in the 
Henry County Building and Loan Associa- 
tion, having filled that office for fifteen 
years. 

December 31, 1890, he married Mary E. 
Pickering, daughter of Irvin and Sarah 
Jane (Block) Pickering, of Henry Town- 
ship. They have two children: Horace 
E., born in 1894, and George W., bom 
in 1903. Horace graduated from Wabash 
Ck>l]ege with the A. B. degree in 1917. On 
December 26th of the same year he en- 
listed. After a six weeks ' course of train- 
ing at the l-niversity of Chicago he was 
appointed to the Ordnance Department, 
and is now a nergeaut with the American 
Kxpeditionary F«)n»es in France. 

Mr. Stout is a (lem(K*rat and served four 
years on the citv council, from 1902 to 
1906. From 1906 to 1910 he was a mem- 
ber of the Kchool board. Since 1891 he 
has taken an active part in the Christian 
('hurch, and was president of the church 
board in 1902. lie has also attended some 
state conventions of his church. Mr. 
Stout has held all the chairs in the Im- 
proved Order of Red Men. and is aQiliated 
with the Knights of Pythias and the Ma- 
sonic Order. 

Alonzo Piiiup Obeen, of Attica, is one 
of the largest land owners of the state, his 
property possessions embracing large 
amounts of farm land both in Indiana and 
in other localities. He was left an orphan 
in early life and has made his way through 
the world with a great deal of energy and 
enterpris(\ and his suc(*ess is a matter of 
constant alertness to opportunity and a 
faculty of doing things himself and get- 
ting thinpi done. Mr. (ireen is now en- 
gaged in the n^al estate and loan basiness 
at Attif*a under the name A. P. (Ireen & 
Sons. 

He was \wru at Myersville. Illinois. Au- 
gust 12. lHr>:^ hut repreNcnts a very early 
familv in Fnimtain <*ountv. Indiana. His 
ancestry trtM*s ha*'k t4i Sir Henry (ireen. a 
member of the nobility in Kiiglaml. An- 
other aiK'cstor was (leiieral Xathanael 
Greene, the great leader of Kevolutii»nary 
Fon*cs in the s<Mitli*Tn folonjes in the War 
for Independence. Mr. fireen ami his si^ 
ter Alii'f are iHith elifrihle to membership 
in the S(»ns and Haughters of the Ameri- 
can Revohition. 

His parents were (Vinant C. and Chris- 



tine (Rudy) Oreen. His father was bom 
at Terre Haote, Indiana, February 14, 
1821, a date that indicates the early estab- 
lishment of the Oreen family in the west- 
em part of the state. The parents of Co- 
nant C. Oreen were Ormsby and Bebecca 
(Prescott) Oreen, both of whom were na- 
tives of England. Conant C. Oreen was a 
saw mill man in early life and lived in 
several different localities. He is remem- 
bered as having built and operated the 
first ferry over the Wabash River at At- 
tica. That was during the '40i, and his 
home was at Attica from 1830 to 1848. He 
then removed to Myersville, Illinois, where 
he was one of the early settlers and was a 
nien*hant and farmer. He died April 20, 
1862. On September 27, 1851, Conant C. 
Oreen married Christine Rudy, who was 
Intm in Pennsylvania March 25, 1826, a 
daughter of Jacob Rudy, a native of Swit- 
zerland. She died January- 12, 1874, at 
Bisman*k. Illinois. She was the mother of 
five children, two sons and three daugh* 
ters, two of whom, twins, died in infancy, 
and Thomas also died in infancy. Those 
to grow up were: Alonzo P. and Alice A., 
the latter being principal of the Attiea 
schools. 

Alonzo P. Oreen was only nine years old 
when his father died and a few years later 
he had to take up the business of life as a 
matter of serious reaponsibility and neces- 
sity. While attending public school he also 
clerked in the store of an uncle at Attiea 
and difi similar service at Bismarek, Hli- 
nois. In 1877 Mr. Oreen entered the gro- 
cery business on his own account, and for 
eighteen years was one of the suecessfal 
men'hants at Attica. The surplus of his 
businesH he investetl in land, and it is the 
shrewdness and good management he has 
shown in handling such investments that 
have hniught him the bulk of his fortune. 
In VM)\ he Imught an island in Alexander 
County, Illinois, comprising 1.136 acres. 
This he has done mneh to improve and de- 
velop, and it is now a highly productive 
fsnn. He also owna valuable farm lands 
in Indiana. Illinois and North Dakota. 
While inten*sted in the welfare of his com- 
munity. ]i stan(*h republican voter, Mr. 
Oreen has never sought any official honors. 
He is affiliated with the Kniffhts of Pvthias. 

June 2m. iss:t. at Rossville, Illinois, he 
niarri«Mi Miss Esther Thompscm. who was 
liorn at Kossville August 20, 1863, daugh- 



■^ 





INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1459 



was bom on his father s farm in Cham- 
paigm County, Ohio, in 1833. Following 
the diiicovery of gold in California, John 
Neff in 1849 accompanied the army of 
gold-seekers that crossed the plains to the 
Pacific, and spent six years with varying 
success in the far West. In 1861 he came 
to Grant County, Indiana, and here fol- 
lowed an agricultural life until his retire- 
ment some years ago. lie was married 
in this county to Mary Catherine Bloomer, 
who was bom in 1841, near Washington 
Courthouse, Fayette? County, Ohio, and 
died on the home farm in Grant County, 
Indiana, in 1895. The following children 
were l)om to them: Joseph E.. Frank B., 
who resides on the homestead in Grant 
County; Isaac E., who represents the pub- 
lishing firm of Ijongmans, Green & Com- 
pany, is a resident of Chicago; Elizabeth, 
who is the wife of Edward Ford, a manu- 
facturer at Wabash, Indiana; Laura, who 
is the wife of Oren Simmons, a contractor, 
resides at Marion, Indiana, and the father 
of Mrs. Simmons makes his home with 
her; John P., who is a resident of New 
York City, is vice president of a large 
manufacturing plant making locomotive 
equipment ; Clarence, who lives on the 
home farm, as also does his twin brother 
I-.awrence, 

Joseph E. NefT was primarily educat4?d 
in the lo<*al schools in Grant County and 
later entered De Pauw University, from 
which institution he was graduated in 
1891, with the degree of A. B., returning 
later to complete his course in law and 
receive the degrees of A. M. and LL. B. 
He has many happy memories of old col- 
lege days and still preserves his member- 
ship in the Phi Delta TheU Greek letter 
fraternity. Mr. Neff came then to South 
Bend and for two years engaged in the 
prwtice of law in ass<M»iation with the late 
lion. A. L. Brick, fomierly member of 
Congress. I*«tcr he l>ecame interested in 
the insurance and loan business, and was 
thus ideiititie<l until 1900, when in part- 
nership with Charles Lindsay he assisted 
in the orjrani/ation of the Citizens' Ix)an 
& Trust Company and until 1902 wa>i man- 
agt»r of the insuran(*e and real (*state de- 
part men t (if this corporation. 

•Mr. Neff then organized the American 
Triist Company and ser\*ed as its secre- 
tary until liK)7, when he was instrumen- 
tal in the organization of the Cnion Trust 
Comjiany, which opened for business 



July 8, 1908, its resources at that time be- 
ing $70,848.90, and the growth of the 
business may be estimated by quoting from 
the bank statement issued November 20, 
1917, when the resources had grown to 
$1,241,759.90. The officers and directors 
of this banking company are as follows: 
Samuel M. Adler, president ; Alonzo J. 
Hammond, vice president; E. A. Wills, 
vice president; J. E. Neff, secretary and 
treasurer; and E. L. Kelsey, assistant sec- 
retar>'. The directing board is made up 
of the herein named capitalists: L. J. 
Smith, E. A. Wills, J. E. Neff, P. K. Goctz, 
Samuel M. Adler, Alonzo J. Hammond, G. 
A. Parabaugh, Gus H. Grieger. The bank 
is housed in a fine structure on the comer 
of Michigan and Jefferson streets, which 
magnificent building was erected for the 
company between July. 1915, and July, 
1916. It is the finest e<|uipped structure 
in the city, constructed of granite, steel 
iind marble, four stories in height, with 
permission to add eijrht more stories when 
liceincd necessary. 

Mr. Neff was married in 1896, at Rem- 
ington, Indiana, to Miss Daisy Mikels, who 
died in 1899, survived by one son, Ray- 
mond Mikels, who is a senior in the Gieat 
Bend High School. In 1901 Mr. Neff was 
married to Miss Florence Young, who died 
in 1905. 

In politics Mr. Neff is a democrat. He 
has always been a very active citizen, and 
during the three years that he served on 
the Board of Education he demonstrated 
not only his public spirit but the desir- 
ability of business and educated men being 
prevailed upon to accept such responsi- 
bility. During that time the present hand- 
some high s(*hool building was erected and 
it does credit not only to the city but the 
state. Mr. Neff selected the appropriate 
classical quotations that serve as a part 
of the decorative scheme of the walls. In 
addition to his important bu.siness interests 
mentioned above, he is secretary and treas- 
urer of the Union Trust Company, is a 
director in the Navarre Place Corporation, 
and is vice president of the Chapin State 
Bank, whii'h he organized in 1912. 

While Mr. Neff is essentially a business 
man. he po<s.sc»sses qualities that make him 
valued in public movements and on civic 
commissions, and welcome in the meml)er- 
ship of fraternal and social organizations. 
He l>elonirs to South Bend Ixxlge No. 294, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; South 



1460 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Bend Lodge No. 235, Benevolent Protective 
Order of Elks ; and to Crusade Lodge No. 
14, Knight of P3rthias. He was president 
of the somewhat celebrated Knife & Fork 
Club in 1916, and is one of the governors 
of the Indiana Club. Additionfdly he is 
a member of the Country, the University 
and the Rotary clubs. He belongs to the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Edward DANiEiiS. It is probable that 
there was never another member of the 
Indianapolis bar whose death caused wider 
and more sincere regret than that of Ed- 
ward Daniels. Although the necessary an- 
tagonisms of the legal profession very fre- 
quently produced bitter personal feelings, 
he was so kindly and so considerate of the 
rights of others that even his opponents 
recognized his fairness and gave him their 
respect. 

He was bom November 11, 1854, in 
Greene County, Ohio, of English Dutch 
and Welsh ancestry. Both his father and 
grandfather were bridge builders and 
skilled in the allied branches of engineer- 
ing. In 1855 his father came to Indiana as 
general superintendent of the Evansville 
and Crawfordsville Railroad, and contin- 
ued in this position for three years. Early 
in 1861 his father, Joseph J. Daniels, was 
called to Parke County, Indiana, to build 
a bridge, and later in the year he brought 
his family to live in Rockville, where Ed- 
ward Daniels received his early education 
in the common schools, thence entering 
Wabash College, from which he graduated 
with honors in 1875. At Wabash he formed 
a life-long friendship with Albert Baker 
of the class of 1874, a fellow Beta Theta 
Pi and a son of Governor Conrad Baker. 
Mr. Daniels remained at Wabash as an 
instructor in 1875-6, and in 1876-7 attend- 
ed Columbia University Law School. He 
came to Indianapolis in the fall of 1877 
and was admitted to the bar. 

In October, 1877, Mr. Daniels became 
a clerk in the oflfice of Baker, Hord & 
Hendricks. In 1881, he and Albert Baker 
formed a partnership and in 1883 they both 
became junior partners in the firm of 
Baker, Hord & Hendricks. After the death 
of the senior partners the firm became, in 
1889, Baker and Daniels, and this partner- 
ship lasted throughout his life. He was ap- 
pointed by the Hon. William A. Woods 
and John II. Baker, judges of the Circuit 
and District Courts, as a standing master 



in chancery on the death of Mr. William 
P. Fishback in 1901, and held the oflke 
from that time until his death. He was a 
member of the American, Indiana and In- 
dianapolis Bar Associations, the Columbia 
and University clubs, the Indianapolis 
Literary Club and the First Presbyterian 
Church of Indianapolis. 

On May 25^ 1887, he was married to Miss 
Virginia Johnston, daughter of William 
Wylie Johnston, one of the pioneer whole- 
sale merchants of Indianapolis, and the 
descendant of a New Jersey Revolutionary 
soldier. Her mother, Mary Dulaney (Fitz- 
hugh) Johnston, was a daughter of George 
Fitzhugh, who came to Madison, Indiana, 
in 1835, from Baltimore, but both he and 
his wife were of old Virg^ia families. 
Mr. Daniels left two sons, Wylie J. Daniels, 
secretary and treasurer of the IndianajK)- 
lis Union Railway Company, and Joseph J. 
Daniels, of the law firm of Baker & Daniels, 
who served as a captain of the 327th Field 
Artillery in the American Expeditionary 
Forces. 

Mr. Daniels always took a warm interest 
in Wabash College, of which he was made 
a trustee in 1896, serving continuously 
thereafter. He was also auditor of the 
Board, and was serving in this ot6ce at the 
time of his death, on June 11, 1918. 

A man of fine literary taste and with a 
keen sense of humor, a discriminating read- 
er, the owner of an exceptional private li- 
brary, Mr. Daniels was a valued member 
and constant attendant of the Indianapolis 
Literary Club. He also served as its pres- 
ident in 1902-3. When he read a paper 
there was always a full attendance. In 
this connection it may be noted that his 
last literary work was aiding in the com- 
position of the bar memorial to Vice Pres- 
ident Fairbanks, whose death occurred on 
June 4, 1918. 

In politics he was a Republican, and the 
first president of the Columbia Club. One 
of the early presidents of the Indianapolis 
Bar Association, he always upheld the 
standards of the profession, both ethical 
and legal. At the memorial meeting held 
after his sudden death, these words were 
spoken, *'His investigation of the details 
of a case was careful and minute, but 
he never lost in the study of them his 
ability to see the ca.se as a whole and 
comprehensively, or to make a proper ap- 
plication of the principles which should 
govern it. He stated the facts of a case 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1461 



with such clearness and relevancy to the 
issues joined in it as to make his conclu- 
sions inevitable. His knowledge of the law 
was accompanied in the administration of 
it by a trained and educated conscience 
which never sacrificed the spirit of the law 
to the letter of it. Law was not for Ed- 
ward Daniels merely an affair of statutes 
and reports. There was for him an inward 
compulsion to know more than was fur- 
nished by them, — not even principles alone, 
but the derivation of them and the reason 
for them, were necessary for his mental 
sustenance. The history and philosophy 
of the law beckoned him not in vain." 

Richard V. Sipe. Early in his legal ca- 
reer and experience it was the good fortune 
of Mr. Sipe to become associated with some 
of the eminent members of the Indiana 
bar. But while he acknowledges a great 
debt of gratitude to his many friends, Mr. 
Sipe is a successful lawyer on the basis of 
his individual qualifications and achieve- 
ments, and has done much creditable work 
to earn his present enviable position in the 
Indianapolis legal fraternity. 

Mr. Sipe was bom February 25, 1883, in 
Fayette County Indiana, son of Richard 
W. and Sarah (Phillips) Sipe. His father, 
who was bom in Jefferson County, Indiana, 
had a long and distinguished career. He 
was educated in public schools, in Hanover 
College, graduated from the Ohio Medical 
College of Cincinnati, and from the Indian- 
apolis Medical College, and in 1864 took 
up the work of his profession in Fayette 
County, Indiana. He was always satis- 
fied to render his service in a comparative- 
ly country community. But there was no 
more skillful physician and no one more 
successful in treating many obscure and 
diflScult cases than Doctor Sipe. And his 
reputation extended over a much wider 
territory than is usual with a country doc- 
tor. He also had many fine social traits 
of character, enjoyed a host of friends, and 
they all gave him the respectful admira- 
tion due his many noble and generous 
characteristics. Professionally he would 
never discriminate between the rich and 
the poor, and in fact he did much work 
among poor people without a cent of com- 
pensation. He was a member of the re- 
publican party and was honored with a 
number of minor offices, such as township 
trustee and membership in the county 



council. His long and laborious life full of 
good deeds came to a close in 1915. Of 
his seven children four are still living, 
Richard V. being the youngest of the 
family. 

After attending public schools Richard 
V. Sipe entered Hanover College and 
graduated A. B. in the class of 1905. His 
early studies and experience in the law 
came largely through his work as secre- 
tary to Judge Monks, then one of the jus- 
tices of the Indiana Supreme Court. He 
was Judge Monks' secretary two years, 
and for a period of two years was also 
law editor for the Bobbs-Merrill Com- 
pany at Indianapolis. For another two 
years he served as an insurance adjuster. 
Mr. Sipe represented Marion County in the 
Indiana Legislature from 1916 to 1918, in 
May, 1918, was nominated as republican 
candidate for clerk of Marion County, and 
was elected to the latter office November 
5, 1918. He has always been a stanch re- 
publican. 

May 5, 1910, Mr. Sipe married Miss 
Grace Frazee. They have one daughter, 
Ruth, born May 6, 1913. Mrs. Sipe was 
educated in Earlham College at Richmond, 
Indiana. She is of old and patriotic Amer- 
ican stock. Both her maternal and pater- 
nal ancestors fought in the struggle for 
independence. 

Charles Washington Moobes. As a 
representative of an old and honored In- 
diana family, and of Revolutionary an- 
cestry, Mr. Moores has shown an interest 
in state and national history which has 
made him widely known in those lines. He 
is first vice president of the Indiana His- 
torical Society, and its representative on 
the Indiana Historical Commission, in 
which he serves as a member of the publi- 
cation committee. His historical writings 
have been of material service in making 
the study of history popular in the public 
schools of the state. 

His paternal great-grandfather, Henry 
Moores, of South Carolina, enlisted in the 
artillery of the Continental army, and 
served through the war, gaining the rank 
of first lieutenant. For his service a» a 
Revolutionary soldier he was granted 1,000 
acres of land in Madison County, Ken- 
tucky, and located on it, but after several 
years found the soil so poor that he re- 
turned to South Carolina. His son, Isaac 



1462 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



R. Moores, was born in Kentucky, and grew 
up on the frontier, removing about 1825 to 
Vermilion County, Illinois. 

In the Black Hawk war in 1832 Isaac 
R. Moores was commissioned colonel in the 
Fourth Illinois Regiment, which was in the 
brigade in which Abraham Lincoln served 
as captain. Colonel Moores was postmaster 
at Danville, Illinois. In 1852 he crossed 
the plains to Oregon, where his qualities 
were recognized by his election to the First 
Constitutional Convention and later to the 
State Senate. 

Charles Washington Moores, Sr., son of 
Col. Isaac Moores, was bom in Vermilion 
County, Illinois, November 2, 1828. He 
graduated from Wabash College in 1852, 
and came to Indianapolis to teach in the 
State Institution for the Deaf and Dumb. 
Later he associated with his brother-in- 
law. Col. Samuel Merrill, in a book store 
and publishing business, which has since 
developed into the Bobbs-Merrill Company. 
His health kept him out of the service in 
the Civil war until 1864, when he enlisted 
in the 132nd Indiana Infantry as a private. 
He soon fell a victim to the hardships of 
war, and died in the service a few weeks 
later at Stevenson, Alabama. 

His wife, Julia Dumont Merrill, was 
a daughter of Samuel Merrill, known to 
all students of Indiana history. He was 
treasurer of state from 1824 to 1837, leav- 
in": that position to become president of the 
State Bank of Indiana, of which Hugh 
McCulloch was cashier. He was also pres- 
ident of the Madison & Indianapolis Rail- 
road, the first railroad in the state. As 
treasurer of state he supervised the re- 
moval of the State Treasury, State Library 
and the state archives from Corydon to 
Indianapolis, spending ten days in this 
. progress of 125 miles through an almost 
trackless wilderness. 

The present Charles Washington Moores 
was born at Indianapolis February 15, 
1862. He graduated from Wabash College 
in 1882, and received from his alma mater 
his Master's degree in 1885, and the degree 
of Litt. D. in 1912. He graduated from 
Central Law School, Indianapolis, in 1883, 
and entered on the practice of his profes- 
sion. He has lectured continuously in the 
Indiana Law School since 1896 on Con- 
tracts, Sales and Constitutional Law. Since 
1888 he has served as United States com- 
missioner. At present he is a member of 



the firm of Pickens, Moores, Davidson & 
Pickens. On October 5, 1896, he married 
Miss Elizabeth Nichols, of Philadelphia. 

A family trait of Mr. Moores is his in- 
terest in education. He served as a mem- 
ber of the Indianapolis School Board from 
1900 to 1909, being vice-president 1903-8, 
and president 1908-9. He was a director 
of Butler College from 1903 to 1909, a di- 
rector of the Indianapolis Art Institute in 
1909 and in 1918; and in 1914 was presi- 
dent of the Indianapolis Bar Association. 
He is a member of the Indiana and Ameri- 
can Bar Associations, the Phi Beta Kappa 
and Sigma Chi fraternities, and the In- 
dianapolis University Club, Indianapolis 
Literary Club and other local organiza- 
tions. 

The first venture of Mr. Moores in legal 
literature was as joint author, with Wil- 
liam F. Elliott, of a work on Indiana 
Criminal Law, published in 1893. He has 
contributed to the first and second editions 
of the American and English Encyclopedia 
of Law, and to various law journals and 
other magazines. His historical publica- 
tions include ** Caleb Mills and the Indiana 
School System, ' ' published in 1905, in Vol. 
three of the Indiana Historical Society's 
Publications; the Year Book of the Sons 
of the American Revolution of 1897 and 
1908 ; a Life of Abraham Lincoln for Boys 
and Girls, published in 1909; a Story of 
Christopher Columbus, published in 1912; 
a book of Lincoln Selections, published in 
1913 ; and a History of Indiana, published 
in 1916. 

William M. White, who served with 
credit two terms in the State Senate from 
^Montgomery County, has a record both as 
a public official and as a private citizen 
which distinguishes him as one of the broad 
and thoughtful public men in the state 
today. 

He was born at Kokomo, Indiana, Jan- 
uary 31, 1863. His father, Henry A. 
Wliite, was for three years a hard fighting 
soldier in the Union army during the Civil 
war, and at all times the family has been 
distinguished for its patriotism and high 
moral convictions. Senator White was a 
small boy when his parents moved to Mont- 
gomery County, and he grew up there 
on a farm. His early education in the 
country schools was supplemented by 
further training when he himself became 




lirssKI.I, ADAMS CU.MOHK 




WAI.I.AIK I.KWIS ClI.MliUK ALLAN KDWARII (ilLMORK 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1466 



under the directum of Mr. Wade, who 
devot«<l over three-fourthn of hit time, with- 
out pay, to Lilierty Ix>an work during the 
duration of the war. The success of Lib- 
erty Loan was only possible by the splen- 
did co-o|>eration of the patriotic and loyal 
Lil»erty I^oan (*hainnen and their workers 
in inspirini^ the people to save and pur- 
vhikse Liliertv Ijoan Konds. 

Another honor that ranie to Mr. Wade 
WHM his appointniciit as a member of the 
littanl of (lovernorM of the Investment 
liankers AsMMMation. regarded as one of 
the hi(;heHt distinrtionH that van be paid 
to an Investment BanktT. Mr. Wade has re- 
«*»»ntly b«'en elivted First Vice-president of 
the Fletcher American <*ompany, which 
Company takes over the liond Department 
and Forcipn Department of the Fletcher 
American National liank. This (^ompany 
has the largest capital of any company in 
the Middle W(*st en(rage<l in Investment 
Bonds. Thes«» fat'ts may Im* left to speak 
for themselves as an intro<luction to Mr. 
Watle's career. lie is one of the younger 
men of Indiana who has attained distinc- 
tive position in the State. 

He was lM)rn at Ija(irange. Indiana, April 
19. 1878. IIi.H father. Kcv. (\vnis V. Wade, 
also a native of l>a(]range, has exemplified 
much of the tinancial ahility which has l>een 
inherittnl by his mui. However, his chief 
work as financier is in the raising of money 
for the Methoilist church, and in that field 
he has no su|>4*rior in the Middle West. 
IIundre«U of thousands of dollars have 
b<MMi ad<letl to the endowment funds of the 
church and Del*auw Tnivcrsity thn>ugh 
his efforts. 

Will H. Wa4le graduatetl from high 
Mi*h(M>l in 1897 at BlufTton, Indiana. He at 
once enterwl DePauw Tniversitv at Green- 
castle, gracluating Bachelor of Science in 
1901. Fnun i*<»llege he cntere<i the employ 
(»f K. M. <'ampbt*ll & (Nmipany. Municipal 
Bond IIous4\ as a liond salesman. Ilis 
ability in that field leaves nothing to l)e 
tiesinMl. In 11HH> he was iiivitcHi to be**ome 
Manairer of the Bond Department of the 
Fletrher National Bank at Indiana|Ndis, 
and when that hank was r<N»rgani7ed as the 
Fhti'lier Amcrii'an National Bank he was 
put in <'harire of the Bond Department. an4] 
in the s|»rinif of 1*M9 asKiK*iat(N| himself as 
First Vi<*e.pn»siilent **( thr Fletrher Ameri- 
can rotnpany. 

Mr. Wade is a nicmlK*r of all the lead- 



ing clubs of Indianapolis. He is a Blue 
Ixxige Mason and a member of the Mystic 
Shrine. In 1903 he married Elma L. Pat- 
ton, of Rush County, Indiana, daughter 
of Samuel R. and Mary E. (Humes) Pat- 
ton, of that county. Mrs. Wade graduated 
from DePauw University with the class of 
1<M)2. They have three children, Robert 
(\vrus, Will H. Jr., and Ruth E. 

Mr. Wade is a member of the Broadway 
Methodist Episcopal (*hurch. 

(*iiAR£.NrK Vance Siiikijik, a successful 
LaPorte attorney, came to Indiana to study 
law at Valparaiso, and his early life and 
experience were spent in the far north- 
west, where his father anil grandfather 
were pioneers of Oregim. 

.Mr. Shields himself is a native of Oregon, 
Ixirn at Oeswell in I^ne County. His 
father. Zachariah Walter Shiehis, was bom 
at Cottage (irove in the same county No- 
vcmlM>r 28, 1S,')4. The grandfather. Wil- 
liam Shields, was l>orn in Kentucky in 
1799. The great-grandfather was of Irish 
ancestry, a native of Virginia, and early 
t4M)k the name and fortunes of his family 
across the mountains into Kentucky. Wil- 
liam Shields had much of the spirit and 
enterprise of his ancestors. As a young 
man he made several removals, living in 
Tennessee, for a time in Putnam County, 
Indiana later went to Illinois, from there 
to the territorj' of Iowa, and in 1851 set 
out for Oregon, which was then the meeea 
for many settlers from the middle west. 
All of these journeys were made in pioneer 
style. From Kentucky he went to Illinois 
hy team and wagon, and set out for Oregon 
with a party that journeye<l up the Mis- 
simri River as far as the junction of the 
Missouri and Platte rivers. Thence they 
followetl a wag(m train cnmsing the plains 
and mountains and journeying through an 
unchartcrtMl wilderiH^ss fUhnl with Imlians. 
buffalo, deer and other wild denizens. 
.\ftcr several months of travel he reached 
Oregon and settled near the present site 
of Tot ta jrc < J rove, near Lan«' County. He 
MM*ureil land there, and was a sto<*k rais<T 
until his death August 19. 189."). at the 
advanced age of ninety-six. His third wife 
was Juda liarl>ee. a native of Tennessee. 
They were married in Putnam County. In- 
liiana. She was the grandmother of the 
I^Porte lawyer. 

Zachariah W. Shields as a youth leanied 



1466 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



the trade of carpenter. lie followed it 
at Cottaire Grove, and in 1876 went to 
California, where he married Lydia Ludy. 
Iler father, Adam Ludy, was a native of 
Maryland of Holland ancestry. In 1882 
Zachariah W. Shields returned to Oregon, 
hut in the following year went to the ter- 
ritory of Washington, huying a tract of 
land near what is now Harrington in Lin- 
coln County. He was a farmer and stock 
raiser there until 1892, when on account of 
poi)r health he rcturiie<l to Cottage Grove 
and died there Decemher J>, 1893. His 
u idc»\v survived him until 1S98. They were 
the parents of five finldrcn : Darius D., 
ClareTK'c Vant'C, RolnTt Curriii, Roy Frank- 
lin and Alice. 

Chircnre Vaii<*c Shields spmt his early 
life in tlic localities ahove luuiied. partly 
in Orc^HHi. partly in California and partly 
in Washinjrton. As his father was an in- 
valid for srv(»ral vrars all the children had 
to take their share of n'spoiisihility in 
keeping \\u* hoiin>. and his early trainintr 
was therefore oin» of strict industrv and 
giNxl hahits. Hf* made the hest of his 
opportunity to anpiire an e<luration. He 
attended s(niie of the piimeer schools of 
Washington territory, and among them the 
DavriiiM>rt High School. He also attended 
.scIkmiI at Cottage <irove, Oregon. At the 
age of eighteen ht» heiran clerking in the 
oflTii'c of the county auilitor at Davenport, 
Washington. A year later he went into the 
treasurer's office, and in VM):\ he became 
a pn)speetor and miner, a vix-atiun he 
followetl six vearN. anil a verv interesting 
oi*cupation which took him into all the well 
known miTiing localities of Montana. Ore- 
g«»n. Malhi. Ariz«»na aihl Mexico. 

.Mr. ShicltK »-aMn» east in 1!M)9 to enter 
the law dcpiirtmcnt of Valparaiso Cni- 
verNity. He LMa«iuated M.. \K. June 26, 
1!M1. and wa^ at that time admitted to 
practii'c in the F»Mii»raI Ciiurts and in the 
Ciri-uit rnurts of the Lal'orte and Porter 
rin-uit and tin- Supreme and Appellate 
Courtv of hi'liaiia A few davs aftt»r srrad- 
uatinir lit' oprtifd IiIn law otiice at Lal'orte. 
and has ^inif lniih up a vcrv sati^fai'torv 
gcfii nd pra»-ii«"c. Ih- is also ijeputy prosi»- 
«uti»r for liiN ilistricT. 

At rliirjtL'o. N'MVcml-.-r :{. 191:^. Mr. 
Slri'liU married Miss Harriet Swanson. 
Shi* wa^ ^Mirti in Koyalton. .Minnesi»ta, and 
her father. .MIm rt W. Swanson. was a 



native of the same state and of Norwegian 
ancestry. Some years ago he moved to 
EI Centro, California, where for several 
years he published a newspaper and was 
mayor of the city and is still living there 
and serving as probation officer. Albert 
W. Swanson married Effie Harriet Bark, 
a native of Wisconsin and of Holland an- 
cestry. Mr. and )Ir8. Shields have two 
children : Marian and Currin Herbert. 
Mr. Shields is a Baptist and his wife a 
nieml>er of the Episcopal church. He is 
one of the directors of the Young Men's 
Christian Association at LaPorte and is 
also active in Red Cross work. 

Orix) II. Gable started his business career 
ten or twelve years ago in a minor capa- 
eity. and has made such progress that 
he is now the responsible man at Rich- 
mond with the W. H. Hood Company, 
one of the larger wholesale grocery houses 
of the state. Mr. Gable is manager and 
buyer, also a stockholder and director of 
the comjjany. There is another branch of 
the company at Portland, Indiana, and 
the house does a business all over the east- 
ern part of the .state. 

Mr. (lable was born January' 4, 1886, 
son of Nathaniel II. and Serilda Jane 
M*lyne^ (iable. His father was bom in 
Ashland (*ouuty, Ohio, and the grand- 
father was of Pennsylvania Dutch stock 
an<l moved to Ohio from Pennsylvania. 
Nathaniel (Sable came to Indiana and lo- 
catcfl in Randolph County and later was a 
merehant at Portland. 

Orlo H. Gable attended the public schools 
at Portland. l»eing in high school for a 
short time and finished his education in 
eommereial collepe at Huntington, Muncie 
and Marion, lie graduated from the Ma- 
rion Noriiml Collefre in 1!K)8. and in July 
of that year went to work as a bill clerk 
and stennirrapher fi»r the W. H. Hood Com- 
pany at Portland. In 1911 he had ad- 
vanced so far in experience as to do a little 
hu\ iii*r for the company, and was gradually 
(fivi n inereasintr res|K)nKibilities in that 
line until in May. 1914. he was sent to 
Cnion rity. Imiiana. as manager and bnjrer 
of the bratieli houNe. When the Richmond 
braiK'h was started in July, 1916, he 
put in eharire. and has kept the bnsin 
irrowini: rapidly even in the face of 
conditions. The eoinpany owns a three 



INDIANA AND IXDIANANS 



1467 



and a half story building at Richmond, 240 
by 100 feet, and has from forty-five to fifty 
employes. 

Mr. Gable, who in unmarried, is affiliated 
with the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks, the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, the Knights of Pythias at Port- 
land, is a member of the Richmond Rotary 
(*lub, attends the Methodist Episc<qpal 
rhun*h. and in politicks is a republican. 

Harry L.\nd has for thirty years or more 
))een i<lentiHed with one of the largest 
industrial establishments of Richmond, 
Wayne Works, a foundry and machinery 
nianufarturing (*oncern. Mr. I^nd is treas- 
urer and superintendent of this large con- 
cern, which in normal times employs about 
live hundred men. 

Mr. I^nd was bom in Richmond March 
10. 1867. son of Horatio X. and Emeline 
(<taar) Land. He is of English ancestry. 
His grandfather, John I^and. was born in 
Nottingham, England, and coming to 
America in early life located at Coopers- 
town. New York, where he conducted a cot- 
ton factory. Horatio N. Land was the old- 
est of eight children. Ho was born in 
( \H>perstown, New York. June 14. 1832, 
and in 1852 came to Richmond. Indiana, 
and entere«l the service of A. Oaar & Com- 
pany. That is one of the oldest establish- 
ments in eastern Indiana for the manu- 
facture of machinery, especially agricul- 
tund implements. Horatio N. Land later 
l^^vame a sto«'kholder in the concern, and 
for many years serve*! as superintendent 
and a director. In June. 1854 he mar- 
ricii Kmcline Gaar. daughter of Jonas 
(f«ar. There were four children: Alma, 
Frank, Harr>- an<i Charles. Horatio N. 
Land die<l in 1893. 

Harry Land aci|uire<i his early education 
in the pu!»lic S4*hools of Richmond, attend- 
ed high s<'htHil. and in 1888 re<»eived his 
dcjrree Kachdor of Me<*hanical Engineer- 
inir fn»m Punlue University. Imme<liately 
i»n his return to Richmond he entcre<l the 
Wayne Works as assistant superintendent, 
anii after four years was appointe<l super- 
intendent. When the business was incorpo- 
rated he was nia<le treasurer of the com- 
pany and is also a stockholder and direc- 
tor. 

In 1891 he marrii^I Miss Almyra Whelan. 
dauflrhter of John and Almyra Whelan, of 
Richmond. Their one son is Robert N. 



I4ind, ' who graduated Bachelor of Me- 
chanical Engineering from Purdue Univer- 
sity in 1913, and is now associated with 
his father in the Wayne Works. He mar- 
rietl Mar>' Iliff, of Richmond, and they 
have one child, Robert Johnson, bom in 
1918. 

Mr. Harr\' I^and is a member of the 
Kappa Sigma college fraternity and is a 
Mason and Knight Templar and also a 
member of the Elks. 

IU:nj.\min Hater Johnson of Richmond, 
has l)een a figure in state politics for many 
years. He is a veteran newspaper man 
and publisher and has been a resident of 
Richnnrnd for over a quarter of a century. 
He is now president and manager of the 
Independent Ice and Fuel Company, which 
was incoriM)rated January- 3, 1918. 

.Mr. Johnson was l>orn in Stark County, 
Ohio. Septeml>er 2. 1852, son of Jesse and 
Martha Hiutler) Johnson. He is of Eng- 
lish and Welsh ancestry. Two Johnson 
brothers came fr(»m England and were 
early settlers in southeastern Virginia. 
Mr. J<»hnsoirs grandfather ser\'ed as a sol- 
dier in the War of 1812. Kenjamin B. 
Johns4>n is the fifth in a family of nine 
children. His brother James D. established 
the Kokomo Trust Company, and died as 
its president seven years later. Another 
brother, John R., was Dean of* the En- 
gineering Department of the University 
of Wis(*(»nsin. and his text books on engi- 
neering are standard, espe^'ially ** Frame 
Structures" and **Materials of Construc- 
tion.*' Another brother, Joseph D., was a 
pnmiinent lawyer of Kokomo, and still an- 
other, All>ert L., is a civil engineer in Buf- 
falo, and was the patentee of the Johnson 
i'orrugate<i Bar for concrete re-enforce- 
ment. 

Benjamin Bates Johnson se<*ured a pub- 
lic H4*hool e<lucation at Kokomo, Indiana, 
and when only fifteen years of age was in 
charjre of a news stand in front of the post- 
office. In 1871 Postmaster Freeman ap- 
pointed him deputy |K»stmaster, and he 
fillcil that office three and a half years. For 
six years, he was lM>okkeeper in the First 
National Bank of Kokomo. In 1877 he was 
appointe«l journal clerk of the House of 
Representatives at Indianapolis. The first 
imfNirtant interview he had as a newspaper 
man was in behalf of the Kokomo 
Tribune, which he afterward owned, ob- 



1468 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



taining a Htory from Governor J. S. Wil- 
liama on some special legislation. For a 
time Mr. Johnson was in the mortgage 
loan business and later bought the busi- 
ness and let his brother run it. From 
1878 to 1882 he was deputy treasurer of 
Howard county, and in 1882 was elected 
county treasurer and filled the office two 
years. 

In 1884 he }>ought a half interest in the 
Kokonio Tribune, one of the oldest repub- 
lican papers in that Miction of the state. 
Fourteen months later he acquire<l the 
entire ownership, publishing it three years 
in all. He sold out to Kauts & McMoni- 
jral. After a brief retirement to recuper- 
ate his health Mr. Johnson moved to Rich- 
mond, in IM^. and with (*harlcs F. 
Crowdcr ac(|uircd the Evening Item. He 
was its editor and responsible mana^rer 
for eight years. In the meantime, in 1893, 
he acquired Mr. Oowdcr's interej;t, and 
in 1895 Hold that interest to John W. 
Karnes. In 1898 he sold 4mt his remain- 
ing interest in the paper to J. Bennett 
(lordon, and then for one year was retircii 
(m account of ill health. During this time 
he did editorial work on the Indianapolis 
Press. 

Mr. Johnson in 1899 established the In- 
dependent Ice and Fuel Company at Rich- 
mtmd, and conducted the business as its 
sole proprietor until 1918, when he incor- 
imrated it and has since l>een president and 
manager. His plant has a capacity for 
thirty-five tons of ice ilaily, and the com- 
pany also does a largi^ retail business in 
coal. 

In 187'} Mr. Johnson marrieil (*lara (*. 
Albaugh, daughter of Aaron Albaugh. of 
Kokomo. They have two children living. 
Their daughter Kdna was a teacher of 
Latin in Karlhaiii <'4»llc>rc for s<*veral years. 
The son Fred Hating .fohnwtn is an In- 
dianapolis lawyer and when he resigned 
ill l>eeeinl»er. 191.^. \ias h major in the 
judfcre a«lvoi-ate (reneral's nftier in Wa-nh- 
inLTton. lie MiJirri»Mi IViscilhi Wajrner. 
dauL^iter nf Pmfessnr Frank i\ Wagner, 
t)t' the H»>si» Polytfehnir Institute nf Terre 
Haute. Tliey have one «-hilil. Priseilia 
Mates. 

Mr. H. M. .liihn«<«Mi wa^i frmii 191:^ tn 
1917 siereTar\ to (iii\er!n»r Kaistun. He 
was foniit-rlN a repul»!i«an, liut hiL*i arted 
with the dernni-ratir party sinee l!HHl. 
Fnnii lIHMi tn l!»ln hi MTi'-d a< a member 



of the Board of Public Works of Rieh* 
mond. He is perhaps best known through- 
out Indiana as a vigorous writer and 
thinker on public affairs. 

Nannie E. Greene McWuluams^ <me of 
the most prominent Indiana women among 
the Daughters of the American Revolution, 
and was regent of the Indiana Society of 
that order in 1914-15. She is directly de- 
scended from two notable figares of Revo- 
lutionary days, the illustrious Oen. Na- 
thanael Greene, whose fighting record as a 
leader of colonial forces is given on the 
pages of every American history text book, 
and also of Judge Philip Greene^ a less 
well known but very prominent figure of 
the same period. 

Mrs. McWilliams is prominent in wom- 
an's club life of Anderson and the state, 
and is a member of the Anderson Fran- 
chise league. She has always interested 
herself r|uietly and influentially in behalf 
of woman suffrage, though she has never 
been a militant of that movement. 

She was born on a farm in Washing- 
ton Count v near Marietta, Ohio, a daugh- 
ter of William E. and Martha Brooks 
(Greene) Decker, her Revolutionary an- 
cestry coming through her mother's fam- 
ily. Her father was bom in Ohio in 1828 
and spent an active life both as a farmer 
and in the operations of the oil fields. He 
drilled one of the first wells in Washing- 
ton County, Ohio, and brought in some of 
the most productive wells both of oil and 
gas in Southeastern Ohio. In 1890 he 
moved to Indiana and was one of the men 
early engageti in the oil industry in Madi- 
son County. He died at Anderson in 1903. 
His wife, who died in 1898. was a daugh- 
ter of Rev. Philip (ireene. 

Mrs. McWilliams was two years of age 
when her parents movetl from the farm to 
the (*ity of Marietta, Ohio, and moat of her 
ciluration was aci|uired in the public 
sehfKils there. Later she studied under 
sfime of the best masters of painting and 
music in the City of Chicago, and is a 
wiinnin of many eultured tastes and of 
(Treat proticiciiey not only in the arts but 
in praetieal busintNs affairs. In 1903 she 
marrieil Dr. Osi*ar K. McWilliams of An- 
der*on. Their one chiM. Samuel W., was 
iMirn in 1W7\. 

Mrs. MeWilliams possesses what is prob- 
ably one of t)u* most complete private li- 




%^' (^.«y ^ ^/IWaUv 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1471 



IIo was then* for seventeen years, most 
tif the time as a (rranite eutter, and later 
was an independent operator in the 
granite Imsinew. He Hold out and went 
to IMeasJintville. New Jeniey, and for eifrht 
years was superintendent of the (). J. Ham- 
niell Company, irrnnite manufacturers. 
Then with a partner he eondurted a 
^'ranite m(»numcntal business at St. 
•lohn's. Mii*hifraii. for four years, and 
from thrre rame to Uirlimond. huyin^r the 
oldest iMuhlished monument business in 
Wayne County, that oondueted for so 
inanv vears hv A. H. Marlatt on South 
Tenth Street. Mr. Kmslie ha.<t use<l his 
pnirtit'al experience to huihl up this husi- 
n(*ss in manv wavs. He manufactures and 
has the <»r^anization for the installation 
of mausoleums and monuments of all kinds 
and does a husiness over a territory twenty- 
tive or thirtv miles in a radius around 
Kiehmond. 

Mr. Kmsiie married in 1899 Miss Minnie 
K. Riley, daughter of Thomas S. and Anna 
rCatlini Kiley, of Barre. Vermont. They 
have one son. William K.. Nirn in 15K>1. 
Mr. KmOie aequirni Ameriean citizenship 
at Montpelicr. Vermont, in 18!)7. He votes 
as a repulilii*aii. is a member of the First 
rresliyterian rhurch. is a Mason, belonjrs 
til Mount Sinai Shrine at .Montpelier. Ver- 
iiioiit. and is also a mt*ni)M*r of the Order 
<if Si'ottish i 'lans. 

K\Lni pAi.MKK Wiiisi.KK is a prominent 
btisinevs man and contractor at Kifhrnoud, 
his bu*iin«'ss beiiiir locally known as **Whis- 
ler. the Koof .Man." Ur is a contractor 
for composition nHitin^ and has the l(H*al 
aL'eni-y for asphalt nMitinjrs. 

Mr. Whivhr was iMirii at Marion. (Srant 
Count \. Indiana. SeptemlM»r 14. \Sl:i. 
Tfie Whislers an* one of the (»li)evt and 
most priimint>nt families of <irant (*nunty. 
ThiTc havi' Umii live successive };eneratioiiH 
of the I'iimily th«*re. The Whislers orijri- 
iNitcil in llollaml ami came to Indiana from 
1*1 niis\ IvMiiia. 'lacfifi Whisler kept what 
w.is known as the Whisler Honso at <*ham- 
iHTsliuri:. I't-nnsylvania. a in»tcd hotel and 
laihlin.irk on ont* i»f the principal thor- 
oiiirlif.irt's i.f till' Keystone state. In ls:{S 
li«- 'ii'i;*- til <irant Cinnitv with his familv, 
miikintr tfic MMirrii'V with wa«r'»n ami team. 
Tl.is .lai'ob Wlii^lcr was born in 177*» and 
«lici| in l**r»:j His st>n. .lacob. Jr.. was 



lN)rn in 1817 and for many years was a 
cabinet maker. He was the first demoerat 
ele<'ti»i| to any office in Grant County, be- 
in^ chosen c(»untv treasurer in 1854. He 
dietl in 1873. 

The next K^'tierat ion was representee! by 
Leroy M. Whisler, who was lK>rn at Marion, 
Oct(»'ber 2:t, 1844. He marrie<l Matilda 
M. .McKinnoy. I^eroy M. Whisler eon- 
ducted a successful hardware and tin busi- 
nevH and was a leading merchant of Marion 
until he retinal in 1!>00. 

Ralph I'almer Whisler is a son of Le- 
roy >I. Whisler. He attended the gram- 
mar and hi^h s4'h(M>l at Marion, and took 
a (Nimniercial course in the .Marion Normal 
C«)lle^e. He then went with his father and 
learned the sh(H*t metal trade, and re- 
mainetl at Marion until 1907, when he sold 
his interests and movt*d to Richmond, open- 
ing a store on Main Street. Here he made 
a speeialty of sellinfr and installinfc c*om- 
p4»sition HMitin^. Five years later he 
movt^l to his present Iocati<Hi at 1029 Main 
Street. 

Mr Whisler married in 1895 Miss Mir- 
iam Iliatt. daughter of Dr. John A. and 
Fanny Mioldthwaite i Iliatt, of one of the 
olflest ami most prominent families of 
.Marion. They have two children: Ralph 
LtToy. Inirn in 1^!*7. and Fannie, who was 
l»orn in Decemlier. l!MK». and die<l in July, 
\U\''\. The son Ralph is a dentist by pro- 
fessitjii, ami on May 8, 1!»17. was enrolled 
in the tb-ntal <'orps of the .\merican Army 
and was stationed at Fort CrcMik, Nebraska. 
.Mr. Whisler is an independent voter and 
is afliliatcil with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows at Richmond. 

H\KRv Wkj^lkv CiiKN»»\vjmi. It is dif- 
liiMilt to conceive of more enterprise enmn- 
atiiii: from the brain and enerpy of cme 
man tfian is credited to Harrv Weslev 
ChtMioweth. a youii^ man of phenomenal 
vip(»r and amiiition. who is one of the 
prominent eiti/eiis of Richmond. 

Mr. Chen(»weth is pn»priet«ir of the 
Chenoweth .\utr» Company of Richmond. 
For a numU^r of the years he has <lone 
an extensive busimnis in automobiles and 
acetH«sories. He is atrent in Wayne County 
ffir the Huick car, ami has a territory com- 
prising seven counties as sales a^rent for 
the (i. M. C. trucks. He also represents 
the International Harvester Company. 



1472 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



He has two of the largest ^arapri's in Kich- 
iiiond aiul a coinpieti^ repair plant and 
servi«*e station. 

lie was horn at (ilen Karn in Darke 
Cniinty, Ohio, in \HHl, son of \V. A. and 
H<»sa (Thomas) Chenoweth. He is of 
Welsh ancestry. 11 is frreat-great-prand- 
fathiT .John Wesley ('henoweth came from 
Wales and settled in Maryland. The 
grandfather, John Wesley Chenoweth, lo- 
ri\U*<\ in Darke County. Ohio, eighty years 
ap) and is still livinir there. 

Mr. Chenoweth seeured a grammar 
srh(M)l and hi^h s(*h<M»l e<hit'ation. His tirst 
husine<<s experience was with the Diamond 
Fire Hri<'k Company at Canyon City, 
Colorado. Aft^T that he worke<l ft>r his 
father in the ^rcncral store at (Slen Karn, 
known as the W. A. Chenowetli & Sons. 
He drove a jrnM-ery w a iron for the store 
through the country. 

In 1910 .Mr. Chcm»weth marrie<l Mary 
Smith. daui;hter i»f Thomas A. ami Jennie 
1 Rcid » Smith, i»f Wliitewater. Wayne 
Count V. Thev have two chihlren, Harriet 
Le J'Une, Utru July 9. 1917. aiul Harry 
Weshy. lM)rn Oitohcr 20. IJUS. 

For the last cijrht «ir ten vears Mr. 
Cficnnwcth has hecn identified with a va- 
riety lit' cntcrpriv«»s at his old home town 
nf Oleii Karn and at Kiehiiuinil. He first 
eiiiratre*! in tin* aut«iin«»l»ilc indu*itrv hy es- 
tahjishini: a u«*ei|-ear husiness. His sui*- 
ccns th(* tir^t \tMr ciiaMed him to hraneh 
out. Duriiiir tfic si>foiid yiar he had the 
airen«*y I'or the .Marat lion rar, aNo for the 
Wa\ ne i-ar anil tfie Westfott and Crcs«-enT 

* 

••ars. Miiviuir from Ole?i Karn to New 
l*jiri^. nliiii. he tnnk the HipKou i*ar aiieiicy 
fur PriMe (^ninty and also tlie Ford 
at:eni'\ . He niaile a reinarkaMe suecess 
while at Ni»w !*ari»i. and n*<'eived the prize 
for sellinif thi* larirest numher of Hudson 
ear^. In 1 !♦!.') he was assijrni'd the Muiek 
aL'eniv t'lir I^n'Me Cuuntv. .\hout that 
time he moved his hiisinfNN tn Kiehmond 
anil !••' MTiie atr«'nt in Waxni- Count v for 
the Milium Klei-trii' Ciirii)»any. He i-on- 
tinued the**' aL'erii'ieft until l'*17 In that 
vi-ar lie liuilt at liis pn-sent ImMtiun. 1107 
Mai'i Strt'ft. a laru'*' pl.m' and hitvj.i- 
Ntatiiin. a !ire jipMif lirirk anii *iti»i'l linijil- 

inir. .iii'l liiis ^Mp-e Im'i'm larL'»*ly sj ia^/- 

ine in ?!:•• s.de nf the Hu'<-k '-ar^. Tli** 
first \.ar !.•• s.ild 1'n» Miii.-k '-ars. a?!. I t|i.» 
^•■••i>iii| "JiH) Uni.-ks. The lartrest ri-^-a*'- 
••hfi-k fni'ii tlic I'ni* k Company v\**r i^su»*d 



in the State of Indiana was f^iven to Mr. 
Chenoweth. As an addition to their 
prestMit husiness they are equipping a 
two-story annex. 50 by 175 feet, for the 
purpose of conducting a modern electric 
garapre. also a truck garage 40 by 175. All 
three garages will be in the square. Mr. 
Chenoweth has numerous interests in dif- 
ferent corporations throughout this state 
and Ohio. 

Mr. Chenoweth is also a successful 
farmer. In 1910 he bought 100 acres, and 
took in his bn)ther as a partner. They 
later Niught 110 acres near Richmond. 
The first farm was sold at $150 an acre 
and n»cently they sold the second farm. 
They have l>ought a third farm of 150 
acres. They have also acquired the $25,000 
sto^'k of goods at Qlen Karn, Ohio, for- 
merly **onducted as the W. A. Chenoweth 
& Sons. For several years Mr, Chenoweth 
was also a dealer in livestock at Olen Karn. 
Ke<'ently he has promoted a measure to 
hrinir <tlen Karn and Kiehmond, separated 
by a distance of fifteen miles, into close 
touch. He is a republican in polities, is a 
meiid>cr of the Masonic Order and of the 
Methodist Kpiscopal Church. 

John Wujjam Joiinsdn. It is not 
neecNsary to go back even thirty or forty 
years to find plenty of men in Kokomo 
who knew John William Johnson as a 
plain, hard working and capable mechanic. 
Mr. .l<ihnsoii still remains a plain, unpre- 
tentious, democratic citizen, but out of hia 
sheer force uf character and energ>' he has 
created business interests that give him a 
position among the leading industrial exec- 
utives of Intliana. Having worked hap- 
pily amoiiir the lowliest this ^'magnetic 
wonder" as he has l)een termed, mingles 
with as (Treat an ease among the highest. 
His geniality ami his eloquent oratory have 
won for him many friends from all classes. 
His ir<MidwilI and kindness show that his 
prcilominating characteristic is making 
others happy. 

His father. John Johnson, was bom in 
County Tyrone. Ireland, and came to 
Amerii'a in the late *r)4>s. He was a fanner 
in Ireland. For several years he lived in 
New York City, and in i»*64. at Stoning- 
ton. c.iiuii'i.tieut, he married Anna Egan. 
She was bnrii in Kintr*s County, Ireland, in 
l'*4n. n,r ileath oerurretl at Kokomo 
.Xuirust 17. 1>>1I. J<»hn Johnson died at 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1475 



the Ballinger Prem, and put in six months 
as makeup man with the Richmond Palla- 
dium. 

On March 15, 1918, Mr. Tubesing se- 
ouretl the afreney for all of Wayne C^ounty 
for the Gates Half Sole Tire Company, 
and has devrlopetl a lar|;e business in re* 
pairinp^ and vuiranizinff work and the ap- 
plying of half sole tires. 

In 1912 Mr. Tuliesinfr marrie<i (1ara M. 
DuninK. dauf^hter of William II. Duning^, 
of Richmond. They have two children: 
Rol»ert William. l>orn in 1913, and Wilma 
KUcii. lM)rn in VMS. Mr. Tul>esinfr in an 
independent voter and a memlH*r of St. 
•lohn*N Lutheran (*hurch. 

EhMrNo F. Isi>uiMA.v, sales mana^rer of 
the Mci'onaha Company, dealers in auto- 
mobiles, pianos ami farming implements 
Ht Richmond, is one of the most resource- 
ful of the younger business men of that 
city, and f<»w men of his vears hnve had 
a wi<ler ranp^ of successful experient»e. 

He was l>orn at Richmond in 1885, s(m 
of Henry K. and Albina (Schumacher) 
Iserman. His father was Itorn in Han- 
over, (lermany, and came to America at 
the aire of eitrhttH^n. Since then he has 
Imhmi a n*sidcnt of Richmon<l, and for 
many years a succ<*ssful merchant. Ktl- 
iiiund F. Iserman attendetl the grammar 
antl hiffh scho<»Is of Richmond and also 
t4N»k a six months* course in the Richmond 
Husiness (*ollef?e. His first refrular posi- 
tion was in the <»olleetion department of 
the Star Piano Company. I^ter he went 
into the Star factory and learned all the 
me4*hanieal details of piano manufacture. 
Fn»m ItHW to 1913 he was manager of the 
Connersville and Muncie piano stores of 
this house. Following that for a year and 
a half he was floor salesman with Stein- 
way & Son at Dayton, Ohio, and then 
joine<1 his father at Richmond and estab- 
lishetl the Iserman Veneereii Door Com- 
pany, of which he was viee president and 
ircneral manager. After a year the busi- 
ness was sold and in 1915 Mr. Iserman 
joined the McConaha Company as sales- 
man and manager (»f the sales department. 
This firm has lo<*al agencies for the Hud- 
si»n. Studelmker, Ezzex. Dort and Elgin 
cars. Fe<leral trucks and the Hyder farm 
tra(*tors. Mr. Iserman is a stockholder in 
the Simplex Tool C*ompany, and also owns 
fifty acres of farming land in Wayne 



County. He is unmarried, is a republican, 
and is affiliated with the Masonic Lodge. 

DwioiiT Siirrii is a native Indianan, 
but spent a large part of his earlier ca- 
reer in Ohio, until he was made manager 
of the Richmond branch of the C. D. 
Kenny Company, wholesale tea, coiTee 
and sugar merchants of Baltimore, with 
numerous branches throughout the Middle 
W(^t. 

Mr. Smith was liorn at Marion, Indiana, 
•Tune 19, 1892. He re<*eive<l his early edu- 
cation in the s4*liools of Dayton, Ohio, and 
first went to work there in the invention 
department of the National (*ash Register 
<N>mpany. After six months he took em- 
ployment with the R. Marsh Company of 
Dayton, and for three years clerked in 
gnM*ery stores of that city. He first joined 
the C. 1). Kenny Company at Dayton in 
1914, having an inside position for two 
years. On resigning he l>e<*ame a sales- 
man with the Dayton Friction Toy Works 
of Dayton, in New York City, later going 
in Philadelphia for the same company. 
Then, in 1915, he returne<l to the Kenny 
Company at Dayton, and was given a posi- 
tion on the road s<'lling their goo<1s in Ohio 
three years. In November, 1918, he was 
place<l as manager of the Richmond 
branch. This is one of the larger whole- 
sale houses of the Middle West, and has 
an immense trade in both Ohio and In- 
diana. 

In 1913 Mr. Smith married Alice May 
Morgenroth, daughter of Henrj' Morgen- 
n>th, of Dayton. They have one daugh- 
ter. Dortha, Imm in 1914. Mr. Smith is a 
republican in |>olitics and a member of the 
Quaker Church. 

Piinjjp B.\msT.\ MFJtcrRio. From the 
standpoint of his personal experience 
Phillip Mereurio Mieves that the surest 
route to commercial success is through 
continuous application of hard work, with 
constant study of opportunities and cir- 
cumstances, and with a constant effort to 
take advantage of accumulating experi- 
ence. Mr. Mereurio is active head of B. 
Mer(*urio & Company, wholesale fruits and 
vegetables at Richmond, a large and suc- 
(*e8sful enterprise of thirty years' stand- 
ing. 

Mr. Mercui i 1 

Sicily, Sou i i ir» i 



1476 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



(»f Battista and Catherine (Colatta) Mer- 
curio. When rhiilip was eight years old 
he ranie alone to Anieriea, joining his 
father who had already loi*ated in St. 
I^uis. While in St. Louis he attended 
the parochial sc^hools until he was ten 
years of age, at whi<*h time, in 1888, the 
family moved to Kirhmcmd, Indiana. He 
had only six months of S4*hooling after 
moving to Kirhmond, and since the 
age of twelve has lHH»n hanl at work 
and more than making his own way. He 
WHS employed hy his father in selling 
fruits .md vegetahh*s at the store on South 
Fifth Street, and in 1!H)2 went into part- 
nership under the naim^ H. Mennirio & 
Son. His father retired from business in 
1!M2. an<l sIikv then Mr. Mercurio and his 
hrother-in-law, Anthony Men'urio. have 
comprised tho firm. They are wholesale 
<lealers in fruits and vegetables, and have 
a trade territory I'overing a radius of 
twentv-live miles around Richmond, and 
maintain an auto truck deliver>- service 
for the iM'netit of their town and out- 
lying customers. Mr. Men*urio is also a 
sto<^kholder in the Automobile Ix>ague and 
in the Burdick Tire Company of Nobles- 
ville. 

In 1902 Mr. Mcn-urio married Ida Pu- 
pura, daughter of Vincent and Dora 
D'Blasi, of Cincinnati. They have three 
ehihlren : Baptist John, l>orn in VM^.^i Vin- 
<-ent .loseph. l>orn in liMK). and Charles 
Salvador. !H»rn in 1JM)7. 

.Mr. Mcrrurio is a republiran. a member 
of the Knights of Ci»lumbus. and is af!il- 
iatni with St. Marv's Catbolie Church. 
K«»r all th»» close att4Mition he has given 
t«» his Inisiiifss he has always been one of 
flic jiubjii* spiritcil citi/cns of Hii-timond 
and kctMilv intt»restt'd in loral affairs. 

M\RY CuNNiK lI\iMH\r<;ii is a meinlH^r 
of om* nf the historical families of America 
anil of Indiana. Her irreat-irrandfather, 
Kichard Conner, was a native nf Ireland, 
who came to Marvlauil at an i-arlv dav. 
and at the rh»sr of I.onl Dunmor4»'s war 
|immt«' * at INtTsburjrh He jtiincil tin* .\|i»ra- 
vian Chun-h. and come in tourh with the 
Inilians with whom the Moravian mission- 
arifs were working, marrying Margaret 
Bovcr. who had l>een held in eai»tivity bv 
thi» Shawnccs since childh^nnl. Their eld- 
e«*T Knn. Henry, was Inirn in Pennsylvania. 

Trior to 1770 he located on the extreme 



frontier, in what is now Coshocton County, 
Ohio, at a place known as C. M. Comers- 
town, where his sons John William and 
James were bom. While here he served 
under Colonel Daniel Morgan, with the 
Virginia Volunteers, in 1777 and 1778. 
At the massacre of the Moravian Indians 
in 1781 the Conner family and a part of 
the Indians escaped, and these with the 
missionaries Zeisl)erger, Jungman, Ed- 
wards and Jung, were summoned to Detroit 
by Colonel DePeyster, and were established 
in a colony on the Clinton river near 
Mcmnt Clemens. 

In the flight the children became sep- 
arated from their parents and from each 
other, except that William, who was some 
six years old, kept his baby brother John 
with him, and these two were captured by 
the Indians and held for more than ten 
years, when they were found, through the 
efforts of their father and the Moravian 
missionaries, and reunited with the fam- 
ily. 

When aljout twenty-five years of age 
William cntereil the employment at Sagi- 
naw of a French trader whom he had met 
while with the Indians. In 1800 he made 
an exploring trip through Central Indiana, 
and in 1802 he established a trading post 
at Conner's Prairie. al)out four milea below 
Noblesville, on White river. He married 
.Mekinsfcs. the daughter of a Delaware chief, 
an<l l>e<*ame very influential with the 
inhv. He was in charge of the friendly 
l)elawai*es who accompanied General Har- 
risc»n in the Tippecanoe campaign, and 
serve<l as interpreter and aid to General 
Harrison, while nominally a member of 
Colonel PnuKs regiment. Tie and his 
brotlwT John, who had located on the 
Whitewater, and who is commemorated by 
the Town of Connersville, acted as gnidea 
for riklonel (*ampbcll in his expedition 
against the Mississinewa towns. He was 
»Iso at the battle of the Thamea, and was 
sent with several Indians to identify the 
body (»f Teeumseh. and he lived and died 
in the faith that Teinimseh was not killed 
by Cnlnnel Kiehard M. Johnson. 
' At the tmity of St. Mary-'s in 1818, the 
Delawares reserve<l a section of land for 
William Conner at Conner's Prairie, 
w)ii«h wa« afterwards patented to him. 
When the Delawares moved went, his wife 
insisted on eoing with her people to Indian 
Territory, where she died soon afterwafd. 



-.IL^. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1477 



Thfir li«lf-brco<l fhihlron. and their de- 
McriHlaiitM the roiiiiors and iiiciidH'rs of 
the niiUet and Adams families with whtmi 
they intermarried - liave \teeu amonp the 
iiHiNt prominent and influential «)f the 
Delaware tril»o. 

Wht-ii eentral Intliana was opened for 
setthMitfiit William Conner l»eeame aeiti/en 
of miifh promiiM*nef*. In 1.vj:< ht* and 
•losiah iNiIk laid out the Tf»wn of Nohl(*s- 
ville, «leili«'atin^ to the new town every 
nilitr lilt, the pulilie sipiare. and $lO.(KVt 
in money, lie eniraireil in husinens at In- 
diana]HiIis s4M)n after its settlement with 
Alfreil Harrison, the linn ereetinjr the lir^t 
husinesii house built at the northeast cor- 
ner of Pennsylvania and Washinirton 
streets. Later he was assoeiati'tl in husi- 
i*evs at Indianapolis with A. \V. Kussell. 
At the lejrislative session of 1S20-30 lie rep- 
res«*nttNl the eounties of Henry, Madison, 
Ilaneo<'k and Hamilton. In 18:n-2 he rep- 
n*senteil the eountit^s of Hoone and Ham- 
ilton, tojrether with the territory north of 
tht> .Miami Rest t vat ion. He died in IS.').') 
ami was ))uried near the site of his old 
trading house at Conner's Prairie. 

After the <leath of his Indian wife Wil- 
liam Conner marrie<l Kli/alieth (^hapiiian. 
a stepilautrhter of .John Kineh. one of the 
t-arly settlers of Hamilton County. To 
tlii-m. on April 10. Is2."», was horn a son 
K'i- hanl J. Cohiht. the fatht-r of Mrs. 
HaimhauL'h. Ki>'hard attf*nt|f>d s4*1hx)1 at 
N«»lilesville and the Ci»unty Seminary at 
IndianajMilis. He en^ra^ed iu mereaiitile 
InisinesH at Ni»Mesville. later at Indiana- 
polis. Cincinnati ani] N«'W York City, ami 
atfain at Imliainipolis. From 1SK< to 1SS7 
hi» siTveil a< tli»puty state treasuri'r under 
.Ii»hn d. CiMiper. and from lhS7 to ISS!) as 
eh-rk i»f the southern prison at JtfTerson- 
\dle. He tht-n ai'«|uirei| an interest in the 
Miami Cnunty Si-ntiiiel, of wln«'h he was 
one of the «»dittirs at the time i>f his death 

duly 24. iy»:». 

Kirhard J. <'nnner was marrieil three 
tirni's. His sofond wife. T^ouise < Vande- 
irrit't Fiiifh. was the wiili>w <)f Hamden 
<in«'n Kim-h. and fame from an c»ld Phila- 
ili'l|»hia family. Her j>arents were amonir 
the I'iiriy s#»ttlers of Indianapolis, where 
slif irrew uf». attendinir Miss AxtelCs school, 
anil was baptized by Henry Ward 
Pi«N'her. She marrieil Mr. Conner in 1858. 
and a year later their daughter Mar>', the 
hubjeet of this sketch was bom. She had 



one sister, who died younp, but her step- 
brother, Theotlore Julian Fineh. waa as a 
brother to her. Thwalore J. Fineh was 
for fortv vears with the Valvoline Oil 
Company, for whieh he made aix trips 
around the world. He orpin ized its buai- 
Ui'ss (»n the Paeitie slope and wa.s nianatrtr 
of the eoast heatbpmrters of the eonipany 
at the time of his death in 101G. 

In 18Sf> Marv foinier married Frank 
Ilainibau^h. editor of the Miami County 
SMitinel at Peru. Indiana. He was Itorn 
near Coliniibus. Ohio, .January 1, 1861. 
Tlit'v resideil at Peru until 1899, when thev 
removed to Colorado on aeeount of Mr. 
IIaimbau^h*s <Ieath. .Mr. HaimhauKh was 
enpa^ed in the newspaper business at Den- 
ver until 1!M)(). after whieh he lieeame su- 
pervising enffineer of the Freneh Irriga- 
tion <V>mpanv. of Freni-h, New Mexieo, 
He diiHl Februarv 26, 1909. To Mr. and 
.Mrs. Hainibau^h wm* born tbriH- chiidren : 
Louise v.. who married Walter L, 
Ciitts; Kicliaril C. : ami Kuth. who mar- 
rietl (leorL'e P. Willey. After Mr. Haim- 
bau^lCs tleath Mrs. Haimbau^rh remained 
at Denver until 1914. when she removed 
to LoK Angeles ami now resides at Lon^; 
Heaeh. 

As to her family eon neet ions it remains 
to be ad«led that her father's fimt wife 
was Mary Alexan<ler. whom he married 
in 1S49. They had one daughter, Cora, 
who married Terrell Pattison, and to them 
were born four <laujrhters: (Jertrude. who 
marrieil Clarence Miller, eonjrressman 
fn)m Minn4Nnta: Oeorjre, who marrietl Doe- 
tor Knetler; Florenee. who married to E. 
D. Vineent : and liouise, unmarried. 
Kil-hard .!. t'i»niier's third wife, whi»:ii he 
iiiarrifd in l**7r». was Livinia Coiiiht. to 
wlmm Was born one son. Charles Kiehler 
C«.niii*r. Hi' married Osa lb»rk in 1*^97, 
aihl they have two diiULditers Klizabrth, 
iii.irriiil to P.rnre Mnr^ess. anil Catherine, 
nniiiarrifd. 

Wm.i.mk H. Di)im;i: more than a quarter 
of ji ri'ntury airo fnundi'd at Mishawaka, 
Iihliiiiia. uliat h:«s sin<-e biM'ume the Do<|^e 
Maiint*ai'iurin<; Company, anil be was lon^ 
prnmiiifntly idi-ntili«'d witli the Imsiness 
interests of Mishawaka and St. Joseph 
<'ounty. 

Mr. Dodiff was also onr f»f Mishawaka *s 
native sons. Inirn Julv 10. l'*4^. In 18.sl 
he established what is now the Do<l(re 



t ± r. 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1479 



had the advantages of the local parochial 
schools to the age of fifteen. He spent one 
year on a farm, and gained his early knowl- 
edge of the grocery business in the employ 
of I. R. Howard & Company, wholesale 
grocery merchants. He was with that firm 
thirteen years, beginning as a porter, and 
subsequently filling the position of shipping 
clerk and fmally city salesman. Then for 
five years he was salesman for the whole- 
sale firm of Shroyer & Qaar. 

In the meantime, having accumulated 
a little capital and having a thorough 
knowledge of the business in all details, 
he established in 1890 his first store, at 
187 Fort Wayne Avenue. The next year 
he moved to his present location No. 183 
on the same thoroughfare, and has been 
in business there ever since his being 
looked upon as an old and reliable store, 
patronized both by the city and country 
trade. He owns the building and consider- 
able other real estate interests. 

In 1883 Mr. Sudhoff married Caroline 
Kluter, daughter of Henry Kluter, of Rich- 
mond. Their only son is Howard H., now 
in business with his father. Howard mar- 
ried in 1906 Edna Nieman, daughter of 
Richard and Louise (Ransick) Nieman. 
They have two children: Robert Richard, 
born in 1907, and Edna Jane, born in 1916. 

Mr. Sudhoff, the elder, is a member of 
the First English Lutheran Church. 

Ora Monger left the farm on which he 
was reared about twenty years ago, had 
a varied commercial training and expe- 
rience, was a merchant at Richmond for 
several years, and later turned all his cap- 
ital and enterprise to the development of 
a transfer and storage business, which has 
been developed to a point where its slogan 
** Across the State" is exceedingly appro- 
priate. 

Mr. Monger was born at Sharonville, 
Ohio, in 1870, son of William C. and Eliza 
(Munday) Monger. He is of German and 
Irish ancestry. When he was three years 
old the family moved to a farm in Fayette 
County, Indiana, and Mr. Monger received 
his early education in the Jackson school 
house near Centerville. At the age of 
fifteen he began regular farm labor at 
home, and had many other responsibilities 
of the farm until 1896, when his father 
died. He and his brother Forrest then 
bought a grocery and general store at Web- 



ster, Indiana, and they were successfully 
in business there for twelve years. Mr. Mon- 
ger came to Richmond in 1907, and for 
two years was bookkeeper for a firm of 
coal merchants, and spent one year in a 
similar capacity with a plumbing firm. He 
then engaged in business for himself for 
two years as proprietor of a grocery and 
meat market, but left that in 1912 to de- 
velop his transfer business. This is now 
the largest concern of its kind in Wayne 
County and he has a large fleet of trucks 
and other facilities, so that it is literally 
true that his service extends across the 
state. 

In 1899 he married Miss Martha B. 
Smith, daughter of Yates Smith of Still- 
water, Oklahoma. They have three children : 
Howard Smith, born in 1900; Omer J., 
born in 1902; and Helen Vivian, bom in 
1908. Mr. Monger is a democrat in poli- 
ties, is a member of the Christian Church 
and is affiliated with the Masonic and Odd 
Fellows lodges at Richmond, and also the 
Modern Woodmen of America. His success 
has been well earned, and he has depended 
upon himself and the work that he could 
do as a means of advancement. 

Everett Richard McConaha is one of 
the younger business men of Richmond, 
and is a stockholder and director and gen- 
eral manager of The Garage Department 
the McConaha Company, one of the leading 
local dealers in automobile and automo- 
bile accessories. 

He was born near Centerville in Wayne 
County, Indiana, in 1887, son of Walter 
and Elizabeth (Smelser) McConaha. He 
is of Scotch-Irish ancestry. The family has 
long been prominent in Wayne County. 
Everett R. McConaha received his early 
education in the country schools and also 
the Centerville High School, from which 
he graduated in 1905. He spent one term 
in the Richmond Business College and for 
five years was bookkeeper in his father's 
business. In August, 1914, he became gen- 
eral manager of his present business, which 
offers a widely appreciative service all over 
Wayne County, 

In 1915 Mr. McConaha married Miss 
Maude Becher, daughter of P. V. and 
Myrta (Spitler) Becher, of Richmond. 
They have one daughter, Joan Elizabeth, 
bom in 1917. Mr. McConaha is a repub- 
lican, is affiliated with the Benevolent and 



1480 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Protective Order of Elks and a member 
of the Rotar>' C'luh and the Travelers Pro- 
tective AKSoeiation. 

KroKNK Kramfji Quiuq had sixteen 
months of service with the American Red 
(*n)ss in France, and immediatelv on his 
return to his old home town of Richmond 
resumed touch with civilian business af- 
fairs, and is general manager, st<H*kholder 
antl director in the Richm<»nd Hakinc; Com- 
pany. 

He was lM»rn at Richiiwmd aiul is a son 
of William II. and Laura (Kramer) Qui^g. 
The Hirhmond Baking Company was 
established by his father in 1!K)2. and is 
now the largest wholesale biscuit and crack- 
er bakery in eastern Indiana. The com- 
pany is incorporated f<»r $7."».(KM) an<l has 
a hun<lre<I employes. William II. ijui^ 
<lied N<»vcmlKT 9. llHS. 

The (jui^ family is of Kn«;lish (Quaker 
st(K*k and has b(H>n in Ameri<*a since 1740. 
They first settled in South Carolina, and 
<'ame to the vicinity of Richmon<l in IS.IO. 
Ku^'Uf* K. Qui^;^ is one of the eijrhth gen- 
eration of the familv in this countn'. 

He wiis educated at Richmond, ^radu- 
atin^ fnmi the hi^h s^hmil in 1!M4. The 
foHowin^r two years he spent in Earl ham 
Colle^re. specializing in economics, and in 
1J>W» entered the Cniversity of Wis«*onsiii. 
He left the university in .fune, 1917. as 
a volunteer under the auspi«*es of the 
Friends St»rvi<"c Committ4*e. On rearhimr 
France ht» was assi'/ncd to the Ameriean 
I\c<l Crnss Hcliff department. He wa^ on 
duty for sixtci'ii months at luispitaU anil 
otImt ]H»iiirs i'l(K4' to tbi* front, and hail the 
I xpi'iieiii-r of sfvcral <teniiaii iHniibaril- 
ments. c)ih» nf his s|u'i'ial dutii-s was to 
i»Nfabiisli a fatti»r\ f«»r the iiiaimfa^ture 
«»f i«'T!aMi lii»Npital '^nitjilies. He aUn hail 
I'liarir*' "f tli-' ;nlriiin"^TT'atii»n nl" a hospital 
t'iir two months. 

.Mr. (^uIl'l^ is an iinlfp«-inlfiit in pi^litics. 
is a nifinbir t»\' tIj<* IJotary t'lnb. tin* Ctnn- 
iiien-ial <'h|]i and tin- Tra\il«rs IVotretive 
ANsiii'iaTi«>n and is active in the FritMiiIs 
t'linr''h. He returtied U* Anit-rit-a <»n |)i»- 
I't'iiiJiiT !*. 1!M**. tin tlii» l-'r»'iii|i I.ituT. 
( liiciiL'M. 

.IvMfs W. N«»Kr has practin-.l law at 
IndianaiK.lis over twentv \iars. He has 
always i-onnnanded liis share **i pnifes- 
sional business, but the W(»rk whi<'h makes 



his name of more than ordiDar>' sigiiifi- 
eanee has been rather a ''public praetiee*' 
than ** private practice." Mr, Noel would 
probably repudiate the title of ** reformer" 
though his fearless and vigorous work at 
different times has made him a useful in- 
strument in effecting many important re- 
forms, especially in connection with the 
public business of the state. He has been 
a factor in a number of movements by 
which the efficiency, competeuce and hon- 
esty of demo(*ratic institutions have been 
im [proved. 

His first public service outside the prac- 
tice of law was in 1898, when he was 
elected a representative from Marion 
County in the liCgislature. He served one 
term. One of the purposes for which he 
sought election to the IjCgislature was to 
assist in the election of Albert J. Beveridge 
to the Cnited States Senate. During the 
time he was identified with several bills 
for the reorganization of different institu- 
tions of Indianapolis, among them being 
author of a measure under which the fran- 
chise was granted to the Indianapolis 
Struct Railway Company. He has been 
given credit especially for those features 
of the bill which safeguard and protect the 
rights of the city in the franchise. 

In VM):\ he was employed to conduct a 
public investigation of the affairs of the 
City of Indianapolis. The result of this 
investigation was the overthrow of the ad- 
ministration at the subse<|uent election. 
In VM)Ti Indiana s governor appointed ^bim 
one of the three members of a commission 
to investiL^ate state affairs and particularly 
the condition of Indiana insurance com- 
panies. That was a time when the insur- 
ance business all over the nation was under 
tire, and .Mr. No^^l's work in Indiana sup- 
]>leniented anil f(»l lowed closely along the 
lines of the investi<ration undertaken under 
fhi> b*a4lirship of Charb*s E. Hughes in 
New York. Mr. Noel gave the greater part 
ot' one year to this investigation, as a result 
nf which the auditor of state, the secretary 
of state and the adjutant general were re- 
moved from office and hundreds of tboo- 
sands of dollars were recovered to the state 
TfiNisury. >fr. S<h'\ wrote for the commit- 
te«> a report on insurance conditions in 
Imliana. whii-li was regarded as one of the 
most complete and searching in its an- 
alysis among the many similar reports that 
came out alwiut the same time. FoUowinc 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



14W 



its publication Mr. Xoel waa employed by 
the auditor of state to make a public in- 
vi^ti^ration of the State Life Insurance 
Company of Indianapolis. All of this is 
a matter of public history, but it may be 
rwalled that the president and vice presi- 
dent of the company resigrned, and the 
iroverning l)oard was completely reorgan- 
ized. 

Under the direction of the Merchants 
Association of Indianapolis Mr. Noel di- 
rected in 1908 an investigation of the 
affairs of Marion County. This was also 
followed by the indictment and trial of 
several officials and the recovery of a large 
sum of public money. An even more im- 
portant result was effected when at the 
suggestion of Mr. Noel the Merchants As- 
sociation and other commercial bodies in 
the state united in a demand for the pas- 
sage of a law providing for uniform ac- 
counting and an annual audit of all public 
offices in Indiana. The Legislature passed 
such a bill in 1909. largely as formulated 
and revised by Mr. Noel. 

Work of this kind requires more than a 
keen insight into human motives and highly 
traineil knowledge of business technique. 
It demands determination which cannot 
be swayeil by general clamor and a com- 
plete personal fearlcssncKs. It was the pos- 
session of these ({Ualities and the enviable 
record whirh he had made in Indiana 
which doubtless influenced the United 
States Attorney General in 1912 to select 
Mr. Noel as assistant United States district 
attorney to prosecute the famous ** Dyna- 
miters Case** in Indianapolis. The details 
of that trial, growing out of the blowing up 
of the lios Angeles Times Building and 
more than one hundred dynamite explo- 
sions throughout the countr>', are still fresh 
in the public memor>'. It was not an or- 
dinary criminal ca.se involving spectacular 
personal features, but its issues involved 
some of the fundamental elements in law 
and order, and as a trial of that kind per- 
haps none ever excelletl it in point of gen- 
eral interest. A <*ase that belonged in the 
same general category and perliaps more 
dramatic was the prose<Mition in 1.K)S 
Angeles in 1915 of .M. A. Schmidt for mur- 
der in connection with the Times explo- 
sion. In that year Mr. Noel was employed 
by the State of California to take charge 
of the prosecution, which resultetl in con- 
viction and life sentence. 



James W. Noel was bom at Melmore, 
Seneca County, Ohio, November 24, 1867, 
son of William P. and Caroline (Graves) 
Noel. Well authenticated records trace the 
Noel ancestry back to the time of William 
the Conqueror of England. The family 
came to Virginia along with the Cavaliers. 
Mr. Noel's great-grandfather Loftus Noel, 
moved from Virginia to Lexington Ken- 
tucky, being one of the pioneers of the 
mid<lle west. Albert Noel, the grandfather 
of the Indianapolis lawyer, moved from 
Kentucky to Ohio, and was a pioneer at 
Alexandria in that state. He married a 
descendant of the De Vilbiss family of 
French Ilugenot stock resident in America 
from the time of the seventeenth century. 
William P. Noel, a son of their union, was 
l>om in Ohio and married there Miss Caro- 
line Graves of Puritan ancestry. William 
P. Noel was a soldier in the Forty-ninth 
Ohio Volunteer Infantry from the firat 
call for troops to the end of the war. In 
1880 he moved to Indiana, locating on a 
farm in Pulaski County, near Star City. 
He was a republit-an and a member of the 
Metho<Iist Episcopal (^hurch. 

James W. .\oel, the oldest of eight chil- 
dren, grew up in the environment of a 
farm and completed his early education in 
the schools of Star City. At the age of 
sixteen he l>eGran teaching in Pulaski 
County, and altogether was a teacher for 
about six years, the earnings from this 
profession enabling him to reach the real 
goal of his ambition, the law. In 1889 he 
entered Puniue I'niversitv at Lafavette, 
and completetl the reirular four years 
course in two and a half years, graduating 
Hachelor of Science in 1892. W^hile in uni- 
versity he was manager of the football and 
baseball teams, editor of the college paper 
and |)iennials and also cIhss orator and 
active in the literarj' societies and in the 
Sigma Nu fraternity. For two years after 
graduating he was secretary of Purdue 
I'niversitv. 

Mr. Noel entered the law office of Rvron 
K. Elliott at Indianapolis in 1894, and at 
the same time carried on his studies in the 
Indiana I^w School, graduating LL. B. in 
1895. Since that vear he has been active 
in practice at Indianapolis and early gained 
a reputation as a keen and resourceful trial 
lawyer and one who went to the bottom 
of every case he undertook. Mr. Noel has 
studie<I many subjects not usually found 



1482 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



within the repertoire of a lawyer, and is 
esteemed as one of the most versatile intel- 
lects of the Indianapolis bar. In 1909 Mr. 
Noel was on the program of the Interna- 
tional Tax Association, of which he is a 
member, reading before that body at Louis- 
ville a paper on ''Taxation of Insurance." 

Politically he is a republican, member 
of the Meridian Street Methodist Episcopal 
Church and of numerous civic and social 
organizations. 

In 181>5 ho married Miss Cornelia Ilor- 
ton Humphrey of Patriot, Indiana. She 
was a graduate of \Vt»sleyan College. Their 
happy companionship was terminated by 
her death, of typhoid fever, eleven weeks 
after their marriage. June 2i>, 1899, Mr. 
Noel iiiarri4Hl Mi>w Anne Madison Sloan, of 
Indianai>oIi8. She was )K>rn and reared in 
Cincinnati, where her father, John 0. 
Sloan was a business man. Through her 
mother she is a collateral conne<*tion of 
President James Madison and of Chief Jus- 
tice John Marshall. Mrs. Noel is a grad- 
uate of th<? Wesleyan Female College of 
Cincinnati. 

John Comly Hirpseix, presiilent of the 
Hirds(*ll Manufacturing Company of 
South Uvuil until his <lcath July 13, 1894, 
WHS bnrn in Westchester County, New 
York. Mnnh :n, lsir>. II.- was dc^scended 
from a Quaker family, an*l hciraii life's 
artivitit»s as a fanner. In 1H)4 he came 
from Ntw York to In<liana and established 
bis !'a«'tiiiy in South Hend. The company 
\\:iN iiirnrpnrattMl in 1^70, with his wins as 
nf]i«-«'rN iiihi storkliolilers. Mr. Hinlsell was 
(»iir of South Keiul's pu)»Ii(' spirited an«l in- 
HitiMitiiii fiti/i'iiH. lit- was a republiean and 
latiT :i |in>liiMf ioiijxf. was a n-jrular atteuil- 
aiii I'f till' .Mi-Tlioiijxt Kpisi-iipal Cliureh. 
ami \**y iilih\ \»min arti!iati*ii with tin; .Ma- 
sMiiir <u-il«r. 

Mr. l»ir»ls.«ll marrifil Mi'*'* Harriet hunt, 
and they were th«' pan-nts nf tive fhiMreii. 

JnllN M. !^»Wf.\ is iilif nf tin* \ oUUL'er 

men enuaL'ed in liusinev»i atTair^ at Hirh- 
inond anil is inanai:»*r of the Sainph* Sho«» 
Stnn* ill tiln .Main Stri»i*t. 

Ill* was horn at Tarlns in Hainlnlph 
<"..imtv. Imliana, Julv 1. 1*»*».'». si>n «»f 
rharlfs K. anil Jnsif NfUnn U«»wi'n. Tin* 
Ui»w •■?.-* ari- an old Knirli'^li family, and 
on u.si^.-r 14, llM4. a^ a f.imi!\ Tl:»*y 
eeli'l-rati'd tint «'i-nt**nnial annivi'rs,ir\ I'f 



their resideiu*e in America. They tint 
established homes in Mar>iand, and Mr. 
Bowen*s greatrgreat-grand father was a 
pioneer in Randolph County, Indiana. 
Many of the family have been merchants 
and professional men. Charles £. Bowen 
is now proprietor of a general store at 
i/arlos, Indiana. 

John M. Bowen attended public schools 
at Spartansburg,. Indiana, high school at 
Lynn, and took the banking and com- 
mercial course at Valparaiso University. 
In the meantime he had a thoroughly prac- 
tical business training, being manager of a 
shoe store for D. M. Anderson, also em- 
ployed at his uncle *s store at Lynn, and 
in 1916 he spent a term in the Koester 
Deeorating School at Chicago. He then 
spent another six months at Lynn, was 
lcK*ated at Kokomo a short time, and in 
1917 came to Richmond, where he went 
to work for the Sample Shoe Store. He was 
ma«le manager in November, 1917, and has 
rapidly developed the trade and other in- 
terests of business. Mr. Bowen is also in- 
terested in a 160-acre farm at Crete in 
Randolph County. 

In 1916 he married Miss Anna Marie 
Kitz. daughter of Michael and Oretta 
(Bailey) Ritz, of Fountain City, Indiana. 
They have one son, William Freemont, 
Iwrn November 9, 1918. Mr. Bowen is 
a republiean in his political affiliations 
an<l is affiliato<l with the Knights of Pythias 
and the .MasouM at Lynn, and is a member 
of the First Christian Church. 

IIknky II. F.\Rwir. by long experience 
and hard work has liei'ome an independ- 
ently su«*ecssful business man at Richmond, 
and eoiMluets one of the leading baker>' 
plants in eastern Intliana. supplying both 
the wholesale and retail trade. 

lie was iNirn in Kirhmond November 18, 
1>^7l.\ son of Ilennan and Caroline (Bloe- 
nie\er Farwip. The house where Mr. 
Farwi^ now livi^ was built by his grand- 
father. Fn»drri«-k Farwig. in 1844, and is 
one of the ol«l<*>t residential landmarks in 
the eity. Mis grandfather also helpe«l 
build the first railroail britipe over White- 
water Kivi-r. He liad (Hime dire«*tly from 
<'ini-iniiati in a wa^^>n, liefore the era of 
railn»adv Frinlerii-k Farwig died sixty- 
threi* viNirs atfo. and his wife Marie Lotten, 
has iMvn dead about fifty years. Herman 
Fan» ig wan one of three ehildren and spent 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1483 



forty-seven years in the employ of S. R. 
Wiggins & Son, tanners. 

IIenr>' 8. Farwig was the second among 
four children. He attended St. John*8 
parochial schools to the age of fourteen 
and then spent six years learning carriage 
blacksinithing. His employer was Philip 
Snyder. From blacksmithing he took up 
his present line of business as an employe 
of Seefloth & Bayer at 622 Main Street. 
He was with that firm consecutively for 
twenty-two years, as a wagon driver and in 
other capacities and mastered every branch 
of the business. Mr. Seefloth died in 1902, 
at which time the business was acquired 
by Mr. Bayer, the other partner, and when 
he passed away in August, 1916, Mr. 
Farwig bought the plant and has continued 
the old established business with every ac- 
companiment of prosperity. He manu- 
factures ever>' elaas of bakery goods. 

In 1900 Mr. Farwig married Bertha J. 
Fulgham, daughter of Zeri and Mollie 
(Lambert) Fulgham. To their marriage 
have been bom two children, Roland Wil- 
liam, born in 1902, and Elizabeth Hen- 
rietta. 

Mr. Farwig has been an active factor in 
the democratic party of Richmond for 
many years. He was candidate for mayor 
in 1912 and again in 1916. In 1910 Gover- 
nor Marshall, now vice president, appointed 
him deputy oil insi>ector of Indiana. He 
has also sensed as a member of the City 
Council. Mr. Farwig is affiliated with the 
Loyal Order of Moose and the Fraternal 
Ortler of Kagles, and is a member of St. 
John*s Lutheran Church. 

Jamf^ Andrew QriGLEV is one of the 
younjrcr rather than older business men 
of Rii'hmoiul. but in a brief |KTioil of 
years ha^* suc<*ee<lcd in establish in jr a very 
larpe and prosperous business known as 
yuiglcy Bnithers. in which he is junior 
partner. This firm has live <*oinpletcIy 
Rto<*ke<l ami e<|uii)|>ed retail drup ston^ 
in Richmond, and in a^rgrepatc vohnnc the 
buHin«»ss done by tht»se stores is anionp the 
lanrest in the city. 

Mr. (^uijrlcy was lM)ni in Hirhinoiul in 
18S4. S4»n of .lanicH and Julia ( Horipan » 
Quijrley. His parents were lM»tli natives 
of County Mayo, Ireland, came to the 
Cnitetl States when youn^r, were niarrie<l 
in Kirhmond. and of their five ehiMren 
James \. is the youngest. He acuuired 



a public sc*hooI education to the age of 
fifteen and then spent two years in the 
drug store of Dr. T. C. Teague and three 
years with Curme & Company, druggists. 
His practical experience and his study 
gave him an expert knowledge of phar- 
macy, enabling him to pass the State Board 
of Pharmacy examination at Indianapolis 
in 1904. He and Roy Babylon then bought 
the business of the Moore Drug Company 
on North Eighth Street, and for two years 
the finn of Quigley & Babylon was in 
existence. Mr. Quigley then sold his in- 
terests in that store and started for him- 
self at 821 North E Street. Two years 
later he acquired another store at 1820 
North E Street. He then joined his brother 
^L J. Quigley, who already had two well 
equipped stores in operation, and they have 
since comprised the firm of Quigley Broth- 
ers and have opened a fifth store at 806 
Main Street. The firm does a business 
reaching out over a radius of twenty-five 
miles around Richmond. Mr. Quigley is a 
member of the National Association of Re- 
tail Druggists. 

In 1904 he married May Rogers, daugh- 
ter of George and Ella Rogers, of Indian- 
apolis. Their one son, James, Jr., was 
born in 1906. Mr. Quigley is a democrat, 
a member of St. Mary's Catholic Church, 
is affiliated with the Elks and the Knights 
of Columbus and is a member of the South 
Side Improvement Association, the Ontre 
Nous Club and the Conimen'c Club. 

FRW>ERirK Hackman has Wen a resident 
of Richmond nearly forty years, was first 
identified with the community as a cabinet 
maker, but for over thirty years has been 
in the coal business. He is now president 
of Hackman. Klehfoth & Company, dealers 
in c(ml and building supplies. 

Mr. Hackman was horn in the Province 
of Hanover, (Jermany, .May 1, 1857, son 
of Frank and Elizal>eth (Schnatmeycr) 
Hackman. He attended the common 
si'hools at Mclle, Hanover, to the a>re of 
fourteen, then spent a three years appren- 
ticeship at cabinet making, and after that 
was einployeil as a journeyman. At the 
age of twenty he entered the (ierman army 
and serveii two years. Mr. Hackman came 
to .\mcrica in 1881, and after landing in 
Baltimore came direct to Richmonil. He 
worke<l here five years at the cabinet mak- 
ing trade. 



1484 



INDIANA AND IXDIANANS 



III 1884 he inarrietl Anna Wclp, daughter 
of (Jeorge and Anna Welp, of Cincinnati. 
Mrs. Hackinan died in 1885, leaving one 
daughter, Amelia, who died five months 
later. In 1886 Mr. Ilaekman married 
Kllen Klehfoth, daughter of Eberhardt and 
Kliza (Oergins) Klehfoth, of Richmond. 
The only son of Mr. and Mrs. Ilackmau 
was Frank, who was bom in 1892 and died 
in 1894. 

In 1886 Mr. Hackman became aHSoi*iated 
with Mr. Klehfoth in the coal business at 
112 South Seventh Street under th« name 
Hackman & Klehfoth. This firm in the 
past thirty years has supplied a large 
share of the volume of coal used Iwth for 
domestic and business purposes in Rich- 
mond. In 1894, the business having grown 
greatly, was incorporated with Mr. Hack- 
man as president and Mr. Klehfoth as vice 
president. The ccmipany now has two ex- 
tensive yards, one on North Tenth and 
F streets, and the other on South Q Street 
lietween Sixth and Seventh. The company 
has also dealt in builders supplies since 
1912. 

Mr. Ilai-kman is a *lirector and stoi'k- 
holdcr in the South Side Impnivcment As- 
MM'iation, a dircftor and stockholder in the 
(*iti/cns Mutual Fire Insuranre Company, 
and is owner of (M»iisi<i(>rabi<* local real 
f'st.itc. He is a rcpuitlicaii in politics, a 
member of St. .h>hii's Lutheran Church, 
and while he ncvi'r speaks of that subjts't 
he is well known for his generous heart 
and practical charity. 

i\ A. WuhjiiT, general manager and 
agt>nt at Hii-hmond for the Standard Oil 
Company <tf Indiana, has Ix-en with the 
runipaiiv a number of vears. his tirst st»rv- 
ire being as wag«Mi driver at Tcrre Haute. 

He was lH»rn at .\shmore in Coles County, 
Illinois, in 1n^7, son of J. A. and Lydia 
(Wii-ker- Wright. He is of Sfotch-Irish 
ancestry. Mr. Wrijrbt attended publii' 
s«'Ihm>1s at Ashinore and Hindsboro. Illinois, 
and when n<it in sch>M)l was employed on 
his father's farm to the aire of twenty- 
one On IcaviiiL' home he wa** eniploye<i 
four vears bv an ii*e cn-arn t'«»inpanv. thr»*e 
vears as «*n'am maker aiitl one vear jls a 
driver. On leaviiiif that roni-frn he wrnt 
to wiirk in Terre Haute as a tank waiT'Hi 
drivi-r fi»r the STan«laril nil Ct»nipany. 
ThirTiM'ii M)«»ntljs lat«T be was transfrrrcil 
to thi- Terre Haute office of the fomfMiny 



as cashier, remaining there two years, and 
then for two years was oil salesman at 
Winchester, Indiana. Mr. Wright has been 
a resid^'nt of Richmond since 1917, and 
is agent for the company's interests and 
manager of its sub-storage plant in that 
city. 

In 1909 Mr. Wright married Miss Grace 
Caldwell, daughter of Robert and Laura 
(Clapp) Caldwell, of Ililkboro, Illinois. 
They have one daughter, Ethel Maxine» 
born in 1914. Mr. Wright is affiliated with 
the Masonic Lodge at Winchester, Indiana, 
is a republican voter and a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. 

lUjiNARD J. Ma.\o, Jr., is one of the 
younger business men of Richmond and has 
made a success through a long and practi- 
cally uninterrupted experience in one line, 
groceries. 

He was born at Richmond September 
21. 1879, mx\ of Bernard and Caroline 
(Torl>eck) Maag. He attended public 
s<-hooIs and St. Andrew's paro(*hial schools 
to the age of thirteen and then for six 
months was employe<l by Joseph A. Knabe, 
trn)cer. He l>egan as errand boy with J. 
M. Kggcmeyer, and remained three years 
as f'lerk. Then for one year he clerked 
in the Princess department stor^, after 
which he returned to Eggemeyer for four 
years. In the meantime he had ac<|uired a 
rompn»hensive knowledge of the pt)ceiy 
business and with a modest capital he 
formed a partnership with Thomas J. 
Keilley under the u&n^e Maag & Reilley, 
and openctl a sto<*k of fancy groceries at 
M6 >Iain Stn*et. The partnership con- 
tinues! successfully until Januar>\ 1917, 
Mr. Reilley dying January 26. of that year, 
since which time Mr. Maag has been sole 
proprietor of the liusiness, which is now 
hM^atot] at 501 ..V);^ Main Street. 

Mr. Maair has never married. He is a 
member of St. Andrew's Catholic Church 
and the Knights of Columbus. 

CfKORT.K Ti. Coi.K. In an old prosperoim 
and somewhat consen'ative commnnity 
like Marion a man is not usually rated aa 
sncces^ftd unless he possesses more than 
the r)uality of business skill. Grant 
County peopU> have had their eyes on the 
projrress of George L. Cole for a great 
manv vears. Thev have known him aa a 
teaclier but especially as a banker. On 




^^ — - 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1487 



the fanii iinpletnent division. He left that 
organization and in 1917, with Qeorge 
Dilkfi, began the manufai*ture of the 
(Quaker Maid kitchen cabinet. The com- 
pany iH incori>orated for $100,000, has a 
modern and thoroughly equipped plant and 
at the present time employs about fifty 
persons. The kitchen cabinets arc even 
now useil all over the United States. 

Mr. Land marne<l in 1915 Miss Mar>' 
Smith, daughter of Edward and Eliza- 
l)eth (Houslog) Smith, of Newcastle, In- 
diana. They have one daughter, Janet 
Eliza)>eth, born in 1916. Mr. Land is an 
independent in politics, is a thirty-second 
degree Scottish Rite Mason and Shriner 
and an Elk. In February, 1917, he started 
the lo<*al chapter of Rotarians, and the 
chapter now has eighty-five members. Mr. 
Land is identified with the Commercial 
Club and is a member of the Pre8b>^rian 
Churi'h. 

Roy Norris, of the firm of Edgar Norris 
A Son, grweries and notions at Richmond, 
has been active in business affairs in his 
home city and elsewhere for a niuul>er of 
years, is a veteran of the Spanish-American 
war and now has a son with the Army of 
Occupation in France. 

Mr. Norris was l>orn at Richmond May 
20, 1879, son of Edgar and Catherine 
(Bowen) Norris. llis English ancestry 
runs back in an unbn)ken line to the time 
of Queen Elizal>eth. The Norris family 
on coming to America first settled in New 
Jersev and afterward moveti to Indiana, 
settling in Clinton County. Mr. Norris' 
grandfather, William Norris, was a Cali- 
fornia forty-niner, driving overland with 
wagons, arconipanie<l by his two brothers 
and their families. Several of the party 
remaine<l in California the rest of their 
da vs. William Norris had some success 
as a miner an<l finally returned to Indiana 
by the Isthmus of Panama. Edgar Norris 
was Ijorn in Calif oniia. but livetl in Rich- 
mond from 1862. In 1891 he engaged in 
the gro4»ery business on Ninth Street and 
in 1895 move<l to the present lo<»ation of 
the firm. 

Rov Norris was the oldest of his father's 
children. He attended the grade schools 
of Richmond, spent two years in high 
■ehool, and in Xfay. 1898, ran away from 
home to join the Regular Army at Fort 
Thomas, Kentucky, as a member of Com- 



pany A of the Sixth Infantry. He saw 
some actual service in the hard campaign- 
ing in Cuba, being among the American 
troops that landed at Siboney and later 
participated in the San Juan and San- 
tiago campaigns. After the war he was 
retumeil to Camp Wyckoff on Ijong Island, 
and later was sent to Fort Sam Houston 
at San Antonio, Te.xas, where he was mus- 
tered out January 19, 1899. 

On ^turning home he engaged in the 
gnH'cry business with his father and in 
19()1> was given an e<|ual share in the part- 
nership. Mr. Norris had all his fighting 
spirit again arou.sed when America entered 
the war with Germany and on May 14, 
1917, joined the officers training camp at 
Fort Benjamin Harrison. He spent nine 
weeks there, but was finally released be- 
cause of physical disqualifications. He took 
the opportunity to break away from his 
Richmond business connections for a time, 
and going to Portland, Oregon, worked as 
clerk for Wells Fargo & Company seven 
months, then went to Klickitat County, 
Washington, in the luml>er woo<ls, spent 
six months getting out ties for the gov- 
ernment railroad administration, and with 
three other partners leasc^l a small mill 
and took a contract from the railroad ad- 
ministration. It was an enjoyable and 
healthful experience, and was the more 
satisfwtory l>e<*ause he made some money. 
Mr. Norris rcturne<l to Richmond on peace 
day or November 11. 1918, and has since 
Won a hard working member of the firm 
Edgar Norris & Son. Mr. Norris is a mem- 
ber of the S[)anish-Amcrican War Veterans 
A.ssoiMation, the Knights of Pythias and the 
Benevolent and Prote<*tive Order of Elks, 
but his chief hol)bv out.side of home and 
business is ornithology. He probably has 
as thorough a knowle<lge of birds in their 
native haunts of Indiana and elsewhere 
as anv other Richmond citizen, and has a 
wonderful collection of bird eggs, number- 
ing about 5,000. He is a member of the 
American Ornithological Union, the Cooper 
Ornithological Club of California, and the 
Wilson Ornithological Club. 

^fr. Norris has been twice married. His 
present wife waa Cecile Motto, daughter 
of Sam and Hattie (McCall) Motto, of 
Hagemtown, Indiana. They were married 
April 7, 1912. Mr. Norris has a son, Har- 
old P., by his first wife. This son is now 
in France as corporal of Headquarters 



1488 



INDIANA AND INDIAXxVXS 



Company of the Thirteenth Field Artillery-, 
has been twiee woundeil, and is now in the 
Rhine country with tlie Amiy of Occupa- 
tion. 

Wesley Webster Daflf:r is president 
and {general inanai^er of the I)afler-Mo8er 
(\Hnpany, machinery and supplies at Rich- 
mond. This company handles as its 
specialty threshing? machinery, and as an 
expert in that line of mat'hinery there is 
hardly a man of superior qualifications 
anywlicrc than Mr. Datlcr. He has oper- 
ated in the field pnu'tically every type of 
threshing machint* that has IxH^n in use 
durin^r the last thirtv or thirtv-livc vcars. 
and lit* alsi> knows the sellintr and iiianu- 
farturin«r side <»!' tlu» hiisinrss as well. 

He was horn in Carroll County, Mary- 
land. An«rust 24. isi;:{, son of John W. 
and Catht»rine <Kuiiileri DatitT. His 
parents eann» from ^iennaiiy when youiiir 
people and setth'd in Carroll C4»niity. 
Maryland. His fatln'r was a farmer and 
sluMMuaker. Wesley W. Datler a«'<|uired 
his i»arlv edu<'ation in tlu» si-IhmiIs of Mont- 
jr«>mery rnunty. Ohio, having limited op- 
portunities to attentl si'htMiI hut jrettiii*r 
in a term <K*easioinilly up to the ajre of 
sixtt»t»n. When onlv nine vears old he 
went to W4»rk on a farm, the tirst two years 
•r«*ttintr t>idy elothes and hoard. In 1*^75, 
wlu'U he was twelve years old. his wajres 
wfrt" $<) a month. In l*^7S-79-SO 1h' was 
paid ^"^ a month. 

Mr. Datier start I'd out with hi** tirst 
thre**hiip^ «»uttit in l*^sl. He ran a ma»-hine 
two s.-asnns in Ohio and in ]>^'\ wt»nt to 
th«* wh«'atti«*lds «>f Kansas. wh»»rf he op#»r- 
atcd <>iii> (if the old fashioned portable 
steam outrltM r«»r three years. He then n*- 
turiied to (»hio athl for six months sold 
some of th»' thre*»hiuL'' maehiiies manufae- 
ture«l l»v iJaar. Si-ott ti ('ompanv at Hieh- 
moiid. .Vftfr that he n'^umed the prae- 
tiial fperatiini *^\' thr«'*hinir maeh'u»»rv in 
Ohio durintf the scsinous from l>iS<) to 
ls|M), Fi'liruarv *^. 1*^!M. li«» resumrd em- 
])lo\ liii'iit with <ia.ir. Sentt & <'«»Mipany. 
assistiiijr in huihlinir tra«tiiiM enifihfs for 
threshiiiir outfits. He left that i-i»nei'rn in 

May. l**'»"l. 'Ill at unt of an ae.*ideiit \\h'«li 

rt»Nulteii ill the li»ss of his left e\i». aiht 

took up an ••ntirely n»*w lini*. tha^ "f tirr 
insuraP'-e. in jtartiiervliip with I. C. I)»»an. 
under the firm name 1. r, Hoan & Tom- 
panv. Kor thr*i» \e;irs thev tlid a larjrr 



business, representing the Westchester, the 
New Hampshire, the Delaware, and the 
Northwestern National Fire Insurance and 
other companies. But Mr. Dafler did not 
regard this as his permanent line of busi- 
ness. For five years he again served Oaar, 
Scott & Company as special collector and 
adjustor, traveling over fifteen different 
states. lie was then appointed factory 
salesman in charge of seventeen counties 
in Indiana and Ohio, and held that office 
for six years. Fn>m Dei'ember, 1906, to 
I)ei'end)er, IIHI, he was manager of the In- 
diaimpolis branch house, and when that 
was aeijuired by the Rumely Company he 
n-mained until January- 1, 1914, after 
which he spent a year selling the Nichols 
and Shepherd threshing machines, with 
headquarters at Richmond. February 2. 
IfM.'). Mr. Datler and Newton A. Mo.ser. 
with a capital of $r),()00, incorporated the 
Datler-Moser Company. Hoth the princi 
pals an» hi<prhly expert and widely experi- 
t»nced men in their line, and they have 
l)erfeeted an or<ranixati<m that ha.s l*een 
very sncci^ssfid in the selling of thrcshini: 
iiuiehinery and machinery supplies of all 
kinds. They di» a large business over twen- 
ty counties in Ohio and Indiana. 

In ISI).') Mr. Dafler married Aletha May 
Hoi>ker. dau*rhter of Edward and Anna 
(Hunter I Hooker, of Richmond. They 
have seven «'hil<lren, all still at home. Mr. 
Darter is a deimwrat an<l a memlier of the 
Inde]>enflent Onler of Odd Fellows and 
f»f th«' Cnited Pn»sbyterian Church. 

Nkwton AMhJiirr.s Moskk, secretarj* and 
treasurer of the Dafler-Moser Com|uiny, 
ma«*hinery and suppli«*s, is one of the ex- 
pert men 4>f that organization, and was an 
<»perator of thnwhing machinery' many 
vears lM»fore hi' InM-ame connected with the 
husinevs as a salesman. 

He was horn in Freilerick County, Mary- 
land. D^'eirnber 12. HHO, of Seoteh-lriiih 
aiic«'strv and of an old American familv. 
His parents wtTc Ji>hn H. ami Amanda 
Weddle .Moser. He r«»ceive<l a count r>' 
si-h<Mil education to the age of seventeen 
and then, tfointr to the vi<*inity of Dayton, 
Hhjo. was on a fann a year, the following 
winter eontinu#-d bis si-hiMiling in Preder- 
ii'k ('Mtmty. MarylaiHJ. anti again resumed 
farm employment in Ohio for three yeftrt. 
Durinu' that time he marrieil Misa Mahala 
Weaver, daughter of Amos and Margmret 



d 






(/i/F7n AfycCn / c • 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1491 



•J(»nlairN busiiicHK achievements know him 
as a public Npiritetl citizen and philan- 
thropist. In 1869 he lNH*ame a member of 
the First liaptist (*hureh of Indianapolis, 
with which he has since been actively asst>- 
ciatcd and for many years has been a mem- 
ber of iU board of trustees. lie is also a 
trustee* of the Indianapolis Young Women's 
Christian Association and of the Young 
Men's C*hristian Assoi*iation. Among Mr. 
Jordan's recent contributions to these or- 
ganizations is a large aiid )>eautiful new Y. 
M. (\ A. Building at Rangoon, the capital 
city of Burmah, India, and a l>eautiful 
tract of ground on North Pcnna Street 
op|MMite St. (Mair Park in Indianapolis for 
a Y. W. ('. A. home for young women, 
lie is connected with many of the city 
charities, is a director of Franklin College, 
mcm!»er of the lioanl of ( 'or|)orators of 
Cmwn Hill (Vmetery, and is connected 
with the Commercial, (*olumbia and Marion 
chilis. Through his father's rect>r<i as a 
S4)Idier and officer he is a member of the 
Military Order of the I-Kiyal I^'gion. Mr. 
•Ionian is a staunch republican and has 
always been loyal to his party since he cast 
his rtrst vote in 1S76, although he never 
has S4mght piibiie offi(*e. He is affiliated 
with Mystic Tie Lodge No. :i*>S, Free and 
Aceeptt^l Mas<»ns. Keystone Chapter, No. 
i\, Koyal Arch Masons, and Ka|H»r Com- 
niandery No. 1, Knights Templar. 

DecemlHT ir>. IS?.'), he married Miss 
KoM'Alba Burke. She was lM>rn at In- 
dianapolis NovcndN'r 12. 1H56. daughter of 
Henry and Amanda (M<M)re» Burke. lK>th 
natives of I^ancaster (*ounty. Pennsylvania. 
Mr. and Mrs. Jordan had three children. 
Ksther, wife of Orlando B. Ib-s; Roliert 
<iilmore Jordan, who died in 1886, at the 
age of six years: and Alma, wife of John 
S. Kittle, of Indianapolis. 

John (*lark Rn>i>.\Tii, the Indiana his- 
torian and e<lu<*ator, was bom in Putnam 
( ounty, Indiana. April 26, 1840. Although 
without early educational advantages he 
was a lover of lM)oks and at the age of sev- 
en twn was a teacher. Two years later he 
enten*ii Asbury. now DePauw Cniversity, 
when* he was graduate<l with the highest 
hcmors of his class. After various connec- 
tions with several well known Indiana edu- 
eational institutions he was electetl vice 
presitleiit of Asbur>- I'niversity, and he 
was largely the originator of the measures 
by which that institution was placed under 



the patronage of Washington C DePauw 
and took his name. In 1880 Mr. Kidpath 
n^ceivcd the degrtn? LL. 1). from the Uni- 
vei-sity of Syracuse, New York. 

Charles Klx)ak Webb, president of the 
Webb-( *oleman Company, dealers in Ford 
automobiles and accessories at Richmond, 
was for over a third of a century a mem- 
l>er and trader on the Chicago Board of 
Trade, and is therefore a business man of 
wide experience. 

He was born in (*hicago in 1868, son of 
Kmmor H. and Emeril (Crockett) Webb. 
His people have U^en (Quakers for a num- 
)>er of generations. Mr. Webb at the age 
of fifteen went to work as a messenger 
with the Western Cnion Telegraph Com- 
pany at (*hicago. Six months later he be- 
came settlement clerk for C. E. Oifford 
and Company on the Chicago Board of 
Trade, and at the age of twenty acquired 
a meiubcrship, being one of the y<mngest 
members of the Board. He held that mem- 
l)ership continuously for thirty-four years, 
and was one of the l>est known traders and 
had all the vicissitudes of a Board of Trade 
operator. At one time he hml aecumu- 
late<l a nuMlest fortune of 4^64,000, but lost 
it in a single night. 

On leaving the Board he went to Detroit 
and was in the Cost Department of the 
Ford .Motor Company fnnn 19l:J until 
VMl. In the fall of the latter year he 
moved to Richmond and l>eeame the Ford 
representative for the sale of Ford cars in 
nine townshi|>s of Wayne County. These 
townships are Wayne, New (larden. Cen- 
ter, Greene. Clay, B<mton, Abington, Web- 
ster and Franklin. 

In 1905 Mr. Webb married Margaret 
Yerex, of London, Canada. She died as 
a result of an automobile accident in 1916. 
April 13, 1918, .Mr. Webb married Adah 
Reese Hill, of Winchester, Imliana. Mr. 
Wfbb is a republican in polities and is 
affiliated with the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Onler of Elks. 

Henrt Riebenbero has for twenty years 
lieen prominent in business and civic affairs 
at Indianapolis. He is also well known 
for these relations in his home city and in 
other }>arts of the state, but the greatest 
number of people now doubtless know him 
best for the work which he has :en np 
as a result of the promptinga of I 



1492 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



patriot iKin. lie is one of the prominent 
national leaders in the Friends of German 
Demoeracy, and to that and other causes 
asso<*iated with the suceessful prosecution 
of the war he is now giving practically all 
his time. 

Mr. Kiesenberg is president of the In- 
dianapolis branch of the Friends of Ger- 
man DenuK'rwy. He is also engaged as a 
K|H*akcr for this organization, at his own 
expense, and is acting un<lcr the auspices 
of tlie Council of National Defense and the 
Committee on Publir Information at Wash- 
ington. In that capacity he lias been and 
is now cngag4Ml (»ii lecturing tours through- 
out the Cnited States, talking on the prin- 
riph»s of the organization ti» the Americans 
of (Serman birth or anct»stry. lie has hIs«> 
written many artirles for publication along 
the same line ami for the S4ime purp«»se. 

The Friends of German l)ennM'racy, it 
may be explained, was organized in New 
York City in NovemlM»r. liUT. One t»f its 
prominent leaders and now pn*sident of 
the national orgaiiizati«»n is Franz Sigel of 
New York, son of (Jeneral Franz Sigel, a 
eompatriot ami fellow exib* fr(»m (lermany 
with Carl Sehurz and wh«>s«» name is fam- 
iliar to every American s*'luH)nioy as one of 
the most gallant Cnion headers and gen- 
erals of the American i'ivil war. The 
prime purpose of tln» organization is to 
itring to the pt^tple of GtTiiiany through 
literature ami other forms of jirojiai:aii«la 
disM-miiiatiMl to thiMu from this i-ountry an 
umlerstanding of tli«- fuiidamciitai demo- 
rrati«- idi'as for whirli Aineri«-a stan«N. An 
e«iually important work is to edm-ate 
.\ineri«'aiis of (n-rman oriknii or auft'siry 
in tlii^ .MMintry to a better realization of 
tlif priviletfi»N and benetits all enjoy umb-r 
Amcri«*an inMituti^ms. Both statt* and eity 
bramhes of the Frieuils of Ci4*rman l>e- 
miM'rarv have bt>fn organ i/etl in abihist 
evi*ry s«*«-tion »>f the Cnited States, and 
thesr loral orjrjiiii/ations have been aetive 
in spreading tin* priiuMphN tif the soeiety 
and in iriving Gfniians evfrywhi-re oppor- 
tunity to show their aMegiain-e and loyalty 
to America. It is «ine of thi»se fon*»»s of 
ui»ity now ojieratinir so etT^^'tively and 
wbii'h in the aifgreirate have mon* com- 
].|i'tc]y ronstiruted the American pi»ople an 
indissnlublf union than fver brfon*. As 
rei5ar«ls tin- fop-ign pr«»pairanda of the or- 
iTJini/atiiHi. it has furnishe«l pamphb'ts and 
«»tlM*r liti*raturi» and the mean< of distri- 



bution of such pamphlets, thousands of 
which have been dropped inside the lines 
of the German armies from aeroplanes. An 
order from the German authorities for- 
bidding German soldiers from picking up 
or reading literature resulted in the or- 
ganization adopting the plan of printing 
posters on both sidi^s, so that they could 
be easily read without being touched or 
pi(*ked up. 

Though an American sinee ehildhood, 
Mr. Ri<»seidM»rg was bom in the Town of 
Zempelburg, West Prussia, in 1866, son of 
Zander Riesenl>erg. In 1878, when he was 
twelve years of age, his parents came to 
this country and lo<*ated at Overton in 
Kusk County in East Texa.s. His father 
conducted a grocery store there, and it wan 
in this store that Henry Rie8enl)erg grew 
up and acquired his first business training. 

In lH9h Mr. Kiesenl»erg came to Indian- 
apolis, and this city has since \yeen his 
home. For .several years he was a travel- 
ing salesman nut of this city, and fnmi 
the first has been an aetive factor in the 
business and sivial life (»f Intlianapolis, 
a.ss(M-iated with those enterprising and pub- 
lic spirited eiti/ens who have made In- 
dianapolis on<' of the greatest UKMleni in- 
dustrial an<l commercial centers of the 
.Miildle West. His ass(H*iations have al- 
ways been with the leaders of tlu» city. He 
was one of the first ti) take an aetive part 
in the conservation movement in this .si»r. 
tion of the e<uintry, an<l for eight years 
he Nvas ehairiium of the Indiana ConsiTva* 
tif»n Commission. He was also one of the 
pion«'»'rs 4)f the waterways inipr«)vci«*ent, 
and fatherfil the Tariff (Commission move- 
ment which (»riginateil in Indiana|>oHK. In 
[Militi<'s he is an independent republican. 

obviously tlu»si» various interests and 
activities rei|uire a man of more than f«r- 
dinary business capacity and intelligenee. 
It is a natural in<iuir>\ therefore, how e 
man who spent his lN>y h<»od yearn ehic^fly 
in a backwotNls niral town of Ea.«itern 
Texas traine«l his souml native talenta for 
such a can^^r as Mr. Riesenberg haa had. 
Mefore coming to this country' he had a 
knowledgt* only of the Gennan language 
and never attendeil M'hiNil in Ameriea. He 
could not speak a wonl of Knglish when 
he came here. For all that Mr. Rienaen* 
lH*rg has educated liimM'lf so thoroughly 
that he now speaks and writes four lan- 
guagi*s fluently. Few native Ameri(*ana 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1493 



have a better command over their vernac- 
ular than Mr. Rie8en)>erg, who has all 
the rejioun»e« of the effective speaker as 
well an the (rra<'eful orator, and this com- 
mand and facility in the English lan^^age 
in of (*<)urse an invaluable asset in his 
present line of public work. 

While Mr. Kieseiil)erjf reprcnents the 
Teutonic eUMuent in American coHmojKili- 
tan life, Mrs. HiesenlnTj? is American back 
almost to the dawn of civiliziMl history in 
this count rv'. Her nmiden name ^MM Lucy 
K. (ftinlon. of New York. She is de^tcend- 
tnl from the (tordon Highlanders of Scot- 
Ian<l. Her ancesti^rs number some of the 
most notable American patriots, beginning 
with the landing of the Slayflower and con- 
tinuing through the i'olonial and Revolu- 
tionary' want and subsequent wars. By vir- 
tue of these <Hrect ancestors Mrs. Riesen- 
berg is a member of the S<H'iety of 
I)4^*endants of the Mayflower, (Ntlonial 
Dames and Daughters of the American 
Revolution. They are the parents of two 
4'hildrcn. a daughter and son : Ernestine 
Frances, wife of .Major (icorgc Baker of 
the Tnitecl States Anny. now at the front 
in France; and Herbert (Jordon Riesen- 
l»crg. wlio entered Yale Fniversity in 1918. 

HvKoi.h <ik<»k<;k Cni.KMAN is s^MTctary 
and treasurer of th«» Webb-Colcman (*om- 
j»iuiy. iifalcrs in Ford autoimi^Mles and 
i^Trs.soricH at Richmond. He has l>een 
«*oiiinM*te<l with the Ford Company in the 
hoiiif oftir»»s and plant at Dctrf>it, and is in 
a position therefore to render a splendid 
s4»rvi«T to those who have dealings with this 
well known Richmond concern. 

Mr. Coleman was born at Marshall. Mich- 
iifan, December *27. 1890, son of George 
\V. an<l Minnie (Hewitt) r<»leman. His 
granclfather. Lincoln Coleman, was a na- 
tive of England and on coming to America 
lo<*ate<i at Marshall. Michigan, where he 
was a farmer and merchant and also a 
lo<»al preacher, (teorge W. Coleman was 
the second in family of a number of chil- 
dren, and was also a merchant, but spent 
the greater part of his life running a farm 
of 300 acres. 

Harold George Coleman, third of four 
ehildn*n, reeeive<l his e<iucaticm in the 
irrammar an<l high schools at Manihall, 
Miehigan, and in 190H entere<l the. 
Michigan Agricultural College. sj>ending 
one vcar there an<l one vear in an 



engineering course in the University of 
Michigan. For one season he was 
employed in mapping timber limits for 
the I^urentaide Pulp and Paper Com- 
pany at Grandmere in the Province of 
(Quebec. He was taken ill while on duty 
and had to retuni home. After that he 
had a brief experience recuperating in the 
western grain fields, and went on as far 
as I»s AngeU»s, California. Returning to 
Detroit, he entere<l the Ford Motor Com- 
pany as cost clerk in 1912. He also serx'ed 
as guide, information clerk a year and a 
half, and was connectcNl with the Ford 
Company until August 1. 1917. At that 
date he and Mr. C. (t. NVebb organized the 
present Webb-Coleman Company and w^w 
have the exclusive agency for Ford cars in 
nine town.ships of Wayne County. 

In April, 1915, Mr. (*oleman married 
Mi.ss Gertrude Hniby, daughter of JoM^ph 
Hruby^ of Detroit. They have <me son, 
Hewitt Harold Coleman, boni in 1917. Mr. 
(N)leiiian is a republi<*an. is afliliate<l with 
the Masonic Lo<ige at Riehmond, and also 
with the Knights of Pythias and is a mem- 
ber (»f the Presbyterian Chureh. 

()s(\\K .Eu-swoRTii Eu.i.^)N has lH»en a 
factor in business affairs in Henrv Count v 
for the past ten years, is owner of a 
large an<l completely e<|uipped stoek fann 
m*ar New<*a.stle. an<l is also proprietor of 
the Star wholesale and retail grm»ery and 
meat market on Broad Street. Mr. Ellison 
was born in Ohio in Deeember, 1884. son 
of Mason and Alice (Williams) Ellison. 
He is of English familv. As a bov he at- 
teinled countrj- 8ehcK>l, and at the age of 
fourteen went to work for a fanner at 
$1 a month and board. After one summer 
he found employment at #2.50 a week in 
Hillsboro, Ohio, his duties being delivering 
meat over town. He worked there two 
years, then was employed by J. W. An- 
derson, a meat merchant at AVashington 
Court House, at $10 a week for three 
years, and continued his experience in (V 
lumbus, Ohio, at the Central Meat Market 
at $17 a week. At the age of twenty-one he 
located at Indianapolis, and for a short 
time was with C. J. Gardner, and then for 
two years with I/ewis Yarger. Al>oat that 
time he suffered an injury which ineapaci- 
tate<l him for labor for a time. 

In 1908 Mr. Ellison married Miss Kas- 
sandra Faerber, daughter of Adam and 



1494 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Anna (Srhreil)er) Kaerber of Indianap- 
olis. In the same year he eame to New- 
castle with only $8 in capital. For six 
months he worked with Bells & Houteher, 
and diirini^ that time saved $1K). It was 
this capital which he used to start in busi- 
ness for himself in shop on South Eight- 
eenth Street. He was there two years, 
then for a year was located on Hroad 
Street, then for two years was on South 
Ki(;hteenth Street, and for 2io years had 
a market and jrnKTry at 15<)2 Hroad Street. 
He then bou{?ht another market at 1222 
Broad Street, conducted it for a year and 
a half, and traded his prosperous business 
for 24') acres live miles wt»st of Newcastle. 
He still owns that lar<;c farm, but in 1918 
resumed business as a wholesale and re- 
tail meat dealer at l.')4!> Broad Street. 

Mr. Kllison is an independ4'nt dcm<H*rat, 
is af!iliatc4l with the .M<M>se and Ka<;lcs, 
and, as this record shows, is a vcrv sue- 
cessful aiul pro}rn»ssive business man. 

Tail pKi-yToN 1Iavnf:s born June 2, 
1887, at Kirklin. Clinton (*ouiity, Indiana, 
is a S4>n of (rcor^c K. and Hva L. Miipsom 
Havnes and is of S«M)ti*h-lriNh anccstrv. 

« • 

His father was a tcachrr and insurance 
man. The family mov(*d to KIwimhI. In- 
diana, in isin. attcntlcd the Paul IVes- 
ton Havnes common and hi<rh school a* 
Klw(N>d. also the law dc])artment of In- 
diana Tnivcrsity in 1 !»();")-♦>. and Wasliin^- 
ton I'nivi'rsitv in Il»n7-S. In 1!M»^ Uv as- 
snrjatctl with liis father in the tire insur- 
ance business at (iary, Indiana, as the firm 
of llavncs & Haviifs. Later he was cm- 
pb»ycd in the oftice <if th«» AnuTiran Sheet 
& Tinplatc Company at KIwinnI. In 
l!M)9. with <ici»r>rc M. robb, he establishc<l 
a irciicral insurance aL^^ncy at Indianapolis. 
Later, in 190!». lie was appointed by A. K. 
Harlan, eounty elerk. as elerk of the Su- 
perior Tourt of Madisi>n County at An- 
<|erson. Indiana. He enntiiuied the study 
tif law ami was admitte«l to the bar. en- 
tereil the t>ftice <»f Judire H. C. Kyan, of 
An<lersf>n. and <»n the tleath of his father 
returneil to Klwootl and practicetl law 
there. In 1912 he was the projrressive 
party i-andidate fiir prose«'utin>r attorney 
of .MadiNiin County. Indiana. In I)<M*em- 
ber. I!n2. he ftirnuMl a law partnership 
with A. H. Vrstal. now a member of Con- 
jrn'ss. The tirm i>f Vestal & Haynes cnn- 
tinueil until the spring of 1914. at whi<*h 



time Mr. Ilaynes was elected secretary- of 
the Progressive State Central Committee 
of Indiana and served in such capacity 
during the campaign of that year. He 
returiu»d to ^ladison County in December, 
1914, and resumed the practice of law, 
having associated with him Oswald Ryau. 
He continued in practice of law at An- 
derson until January 1, 1918, when he was 
appointed by Governor Goodrich as a mem- 
ber of the Public Ser\'ice Conuuission of 
Indiana, on which he has since sensed. 
In July, 1918, he was made a member of 
the Special War Committee of the National 
As8o<*iation of Railways and Utilities Com- 
missicmers and w*as active in many nego- 
tiations between Federal and State gov- 
ernments in matters pertaining to Federal 
control and state regulation of the rail- 
roads, telephones and other ntilities. In 
Ortober. 1918. he was appointed by Post- 
master (ieneral Burleson as a member of 
the conunittee on standardized telephone 
rates throughout the country, but declineil 
to accept such appointment. 

Mr. Haynes is a member of the Phi 
Ganuiui Delta fraternity, grand president. 
Beta Phi Sigma fraternity, 1910; nieml)er 
(»f the Masonic and Klk*s lodges, and of 
tilt* (*olinnbia Club and Marion (*lub. In- 
dianapolis. He organized the Ri*d Cross 
in Madi.siui (*ounty at the l)eginning of 
tht* war ami assisted in the state organiza- 
tion, also organized Battery D, Second 
Regiment. Indiana Field Artiller>% and 
cnmmande<l saime until rejei*ted for mili- 
tary M»rvice on account of defective eye- 
sight. 

Mas. EnwiN H. Peck. In every state of 
the uniun there are s<mie families that have 
a notable prominence* in c«mnection with 
the histf>rv of the (commonwealth, and thip 
is true of the Elliott family in Indiana. 
There is nolHNlv who is at all familiar with 
Indiana histor>'. either from reading or 
from life in the state, who does not krnw 
.siimething of Gen. William J. Elliott 
and his s<ms Judge Byron K. Elliott of the 
Supreme (*ourt and Joseph Taylor Elliott, 
wh(»M« name is linki^l with the Sultana 
ilisaster. The daughters of a family are 
fretpiently |(Mt sight of through the 
ehantre of name at marriage, and many 
peiiple to whom the name of Mrs. Ediriii 
H. IWk wouM sound unfamiliar w«!l at 
t>ni*e recall the 8ubjei*t of this sketch as 



1496 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



employment in the job printing shop 
conducted by his brother-in-law, William 
Braden, little thinking that he would one 
day become the head of that establishment 
or that it would grow to its present propor- 
tions. 

Having returned to Missouri, young 
Burford in 1864 joined a military company 
known as the Home Guard, and in the fall 
of 1864 became a member of the regularly 
organized body of Missouri Cavalry troops, 
which later actively resisted General Price 
and his 30,000 men in their raids through 
Missouri. But most of his active service as 
a Union soldier consisted in fighting giier- 
iillas along the border. 

At the close of the war Mr. Burford 
again attended college for two years and 
then in the fall of 1867 returned to Indian- 
apolis and resumed employment with Wil- 
liam Braden in the printing and stationery 
business. In 1870 he became a partner 
under the firm name of Braden & Burford. 
In 1875 Mr. Braden sold his interest in 
the firm to Mr. Burford, who has since 
that date conducted the business alone. 

The business when Mr. Burford first ac- 
quired an interest in it and even when he 
first became sole owner was small com- 
pared to its present proportions, but its 
growth through the years has been steady 
and constant. New departments have been 
added from time to time, and at all times 
the e<iiiipment has been kept up-to-date 
and efficient. In fact, one of Mr. Burford 's 
pronounced charaeteristies is liis interest in 
any and all forms of new or improved ma- 
chinery eonneeted with the printing and 
(ithographie trades. Not only has he en- 
deavored to have (|uality and service char- 
acterize the work of his establishment, but 
has also taken pride in supplying as far 
as possible all the office re^inirements of 
anv ordinary business and to that end he 
has adopted as his slogan '*If Used in an 
Office BrRFORD Has It.'' 

In addition to his ccmstant, everj'-day 
attention to his business Mr. Burford has 
at all times been greatly interested in the 
growth and welfare of his city and state. 
When he first saw Indianapolis its most 
boastful claim as to population was 18,000 
and he has seen its steadv increase until it 
has n(»ared the 300,000 mark. 

Both as an individual and as a member 
of the various civic organizations of the 
past fifty years he has had a part in many 



of the movements which have promoted the 
growth and prosperity of the city, and 
today any wisely planned effort for the 
city's welfare will find no more active or 
persistent worker than William B. Burford. 

Daniel D. Pratt was born in Palermo, 
Maine, in 1813. He became identified with 
Indiana as a teacher in 1832, and in 1834 
went to Indianapolis and studied law, and 
in 1836 located in Logansport, where he 
began the practice of law. He served in 
the Indiana Legislature from 1851 to 1853, 
was elected to Congress from Indiana, in 
1868, but before taking his seat was chosen 
a United States senator and served until 
1875. In that year he was appointed com- 
missioner of internal revenue, which office 
he resigned in 1876. Senator Pratt died 
at Logansport in June, 1877. 

C. P. DoNEY. The exigencies of our 
national economy and revenue administra- 
tion have produced practically a new pro- 
fession, that of specialist and counsel and 
adviser to private individuals and business 
firms in settling the complex and innumer- 
able questions connected with the filing of 
schedules and other matters to satisfv the 
laws and regulations regarding the income 
and other federal taxes. 

For this work as an income tax specialist 
C. P. Donoy, of Indianapolis, has some un- 
usual (lualifications. He formerly served 
as deputy collector in charge of the in- 
come tax department of the Sixth Indiana 
Revenue District, and his wide experience 
has enabled him to furnish an expert and 
highly api)reciated service to many patrons 
in settling the intricate questions that arise 
Tuider the administration of the Income 
Tax Law. 

Mr. Doney was born August 15, 1884, in 
Wayne County, Indiana, a son of George 
and Sarah A. (Ilain) Doney. His grand- 
father, William Doney, was bom in Penn- 
sylvania and in an early day went west 
to Seven Mile, Ohio. He was a cigar maker 
by trade and that business he followed 
until 1900, when he retired. His death oc- 
curred December 15, 1908. He was a demo- 
crat and a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. Of his five sons 
only two are now living. George Doney, 
father of C P. Doney, was educated in the 
common schools at Seven Mile, Ohio, and 
in earlv life followed the trade of his 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1497 



father. He later eiifTHfrecl in the real estate 
and insuranre huKineHH and in ih>w living 
n*tire<l at (*amhndKe City, Indiana, at the 
aK<* <»f Hixty-six. 

Mr. ('. P. Doney is thin! of his father's 
six rhikirm. Ile'was wlucated in the eoin- 
moil and hi^h schtNilH of ('ainhrifi(;e (*ity, 
liKliana. an«i at the a^re of iiini'tt»«Mi t4N)k up 
railroad work as rlerk in the Pennsylvania 
Hailwav «ifti<vs. In 1!MM> \u» w«»nt into th«» 
n*al estate and insnran*'e huMiness with his 
father. an«i riMuaiiied at rainhrid^e City 
in that liiif fi>r eijrht yrars. In 1914 \u* 
«'anie to Indianapolis as deputy foll(M't4>r 
of int<*rnal n-veinie. and was put in special 
«'harir«' of tin* liM'«»inf Tax Department at 
the outset of tht» adininistratioii iif that 
new law. Siiirt» retirinir fn>in this otliee 
he has developed a prai'tice as ineomc tax 
sp<M'iaIist. and his s<»rvi«'es have lK»en 
a\aih'd hv a nuinlM-r of linns and individ- 
mils oil vearlv eontrarts. Mr Is siMTetarv 
of tlie Fe«leral liieoiiif Tax Bureau, and 
in his otliees in tht> llume-Mansiir Miiild- 
inir has developfd an onrani/ation eapahle 
of attendin<r to all matters invjilviiiir ei>r- 
poration ineoine. individual iiieoiiit>. war 
ex<*ess pndits, and emer«^»lu•y taxes. 

Mr. Donev is a Kni«dit of Pvthias and a 
thirtv s«M'ond «!««:!•»■«• Smttish Kiti* Mason, a 
memlM-r of tht* IrniianapoliN l)eiiio<'rati«' 
riiih. and in 1!M*J 14 was rhairman of the 
Wavne Coimtv 1 )fiioiTatie tVntral Com- 
iiiiTt«'«». Il«» is a m»*'rdier of the Meth«Mlist 
riuin'h. Au«^ust 7. I'M.'*, In* married Miss 
<ira\i'e Carturiirht. Mrs. Donev was e«lu- 
••ated in the pul»lie srhools of Lewisville. 
ItHliana. 

W. H. Pa! 1. is a lawver hv professiiui. 
aiiil III" and his fatluT tojjether have rep- 
r«*«M*nted the law in this state for half a 
eentury. \V. H. Paul in recent years. 
hi»wevi*r. has litsNime hest known as a 
hanker an«l tinaneier. and is pn»sident of 
the Kedt»ral Kinanee Coinpany of India- 
na|M»]is. one of the stnuihTt'st tiiianeial or- 
jrani/ations of the «'it\ . 

He \%as horti in Moiii«ri»ni«Ty Conntv. 
Indiana. Mardi !*.'». 1>*T7. son of (ieortre W. 
and Lizalnth Carr ' Paul. His father, a 
native of Ohio. jrn*w np at Vevay. Indiana, 
aiiil hi'iran the practice i»f law there. After 
ten XiMPs he mi»veil to Crawfordsville. and 
was active in tin* work of his prof(*sMioii 
until pHi.'). Durintr his active years he 
was a memU'r of the rrawff»rdsville har 



and an aaaot^iate of many of the famous 
lawyers of that eity, including Peter Ken- 
n«ly and Tom Pattenton. later governor 
of (*(»h»rado. and Jann^ McCain*, (leorge 
W. Paul waa Hnce<>ssful l>oth as a civil and 
criminal lawyer, and had a praetiee and 
reputation hy no means contined to his 
home county. He is still living at the 
ripe age of eighty-two. He has always 
In^en a standi democrat. In the family 
were thn*e sons ami one daughter, all of 
whom art* living. 

W. H. Paul was rearetl in Crawff>rdsville, 
attended the piiMic sch<Nils there and 
Wahash College, and read law un«ler his 
father. He practiced law at Crawfonls- 
ville from l>*!»x to !!♦()♦». and after n»m<»ving 
to Indianapolis kept in touch with the pro- 
fession until aUnit three years ago. He 
has found his time more and more taken 
up with hankinir. and is one of the or- 
irani/ers of the Federal Finance Company, 
wliieh is now doinjr a l»usin«»ss of a jI^I,- 
.">(M>.<MM) a year. The other oflii'ials of the 
company ari» sonic of the hest known and 
most resjHuisihh* hiisiness men and hankers 
of .Marion < 'ountv. 

.Mr. Paul is a demtwrat. and a Royal 
Arch Ma^on. He was the first president 
(»f the Fountain ."^'piare Hank of Indianap- 
olis, and his name has })een assi»ciat«Ml with 
a numher of hn'al husiness enterj»ris«»s. 
Novemher ll2. ls!>7. he marri«*<| .Miss Daisy 
.M. Currv, who was rearctl and cMlu<*ate4l 
at (Vawfordsville. Thev have one daugh- 
ter. Lydia S.. horn FehVuary :\, P.M2. 

Dvvn> F. Swain is one of the pnmiinent 
tigun*s in life insuram'e circles in Indiana. 
.Since VHYJ he has 1m«<mi special loan agent 
in the State of Indiana for the North- 
western Mutual Life Insurance Company 
of Milwauk«*«\ He succ«»ede<l Mr. Frank 
.M. Millikan in that otlice. His manage- 
ment has hail much to do with the increas- 
ing inviMments of this lanre insuram-e 
company in Indiana. Through his office 
loans have 1h*«mi plai'ed in the state until 
they now approximate over .*1<>.<HM).()()0, 
hut the most irratifyiiur feature of the re^'- 
onl is n(»t the vf»lume hut the <piality 4)f 
the hnsiiifHis. Since Mr. Swain l>e<»ame 
spi'cial h»an atfent in VM>*J there has not 
heen a fore<»losure of any loan. 

Mr. Swain was horn at Indianapolis 
April 29. 1SK4. a sim of David and Hattie 
(Oordon* Swain. His father was also 



1498 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



proiuineiit in insurance circles in Indiana 
for many yoare. He was born in Muskin- 
jTum County, Ohio, September 24, 1845, he 
(rrew up on a farm with a district s(*hool 
education, and in 1864 volunteere^l in the 
Eiffhth Ohio Cavalry and saw some active 
service befort» the end of the war. He 
came to Indianapolis in 1866 and for a 
time was lK)okket*per with the John i\ Bur- 
ton Shoe Company. On February 14, 1881, 
he enjrjiK<*d in the life insurance business, 
and was one of the larpe pnnlucers in that 
field. He continued at his work for nearly 
thirty years. He tlicil S4»ptenilH»r 10, 
IfMo! He hail a family at four children, 
all of whom are still liviiijr, David F. bcinj^ 
the younp'st. 

Mr. David F. Swain was tslucatetl in the 
irrammar and hi^^h schmiLs of Indiana|>oIis, 
and piiiicd his first experience in the in- 
surance field as assistant (rencral a^ent 
under his father. DccemUT 22, lf»02, he 
married Miss rauline Ha^n. Her father 
was the late Amirew Hairen, who was at 
one time treasurer of Hanco<'k County and 
for nmny years was secretary and treas- 
urt»r <if the Home Hrewin^r Company of 
Indianapolis, and was intimately eon- 
nectetl with a numl>er of other bu-siness 
enterpns*»s here aiul elsewhere. Mr. and 
Mrs. Swain have four children, David F., 
Jr., Mary E., Harri4*tt (t. and Barbara H. 

JtisKi*il C. (lARn.NKJi. The present India- 
na|H>lis Board of Tra<le has lK*en a prac- 
tically ^-ontinuous (»r^aiiization since l.*^T(). 
and is at once the oldest and larpM com- 
mercial or^ani/^ition in the state and one 
which has played an impi^rtant part m»t 
only at In(liaiia]>olis but throu«^hout the 
state. In its time it has hail the meiid>er- 
ship and co-(»perati«»n of the abb-st and 
most sureessful busine*is men of the city, 
an«l memb«*rship alone is dtvmed a valuable 
hiMior. Therefi>re. when in June, ll•l^. the 
onntni/ation unanimously rW^'ied as pn^si- 
dent for the sn«Tee«linir year Ji»s«»ph C. 
Oardner, it was a NJ^^niticant tiMimony to 
his lon^ and hont^rable standinir in busine^^f 
cin'les and tlw •Mt»«»m he had (rained by 
his individual su<mvss and his whole- 
hearted «Mi-operation with the be**t inti-rests 
of thi- citv. 

Mr. <rardner has In^en an Indianapolis 
business man fnr over thirty -five years and 
is hea*! nf the Joseph lianlner Company. 
The (fardner familv was established in In- 



dianapolis in 1859, when his father, Joseph 
Gardner, came from Germany and settled 
in this city. Joseph Gardner married 
Loui.se Kohr. Their son, Joseph C, was 
lH)rn at Indianapolis in 1866. He receivetl 
his education in the local public schools, 
attending the old school No. 3 and the 
n(>w school No. 3, following that with a 
high school c*ourse. The business at which 
he is now the head is the result of a long 
and progressive development of his indi- 
vidual skill and service, rising from an ap- 
prentice a.s a sheet iron workman until 
today the Joseph Ganfaier Company is 
one of the suc(*essful and prominent in- 
dustries of the city. The shops and busi- 
now head<|uarterH arc at 37-41 Kentucky 
Avenue. The com])any does a large busi- 
ness in tin, copper and Rheet iron work, 
manufacturing and installing all kinds of 
nM>ting, cornices and sky-lights, metal ceil- 
ings, furnac<*s, milk cans and dairy sup- 
plies, and practically every other type of 
s{>ecial wf»rk includeil within the general 
H(*ope of the company s facilities and or- 
ganization. 

Mr. (lardner has for manv vearm been 
actively identified with the lioanl of Trade 
and the (*hamber of (^ommeree, and his 
name has appearetl on the roll of other 
civic organizations and improvements. He 
is a n'publican in i)olitics, and ia a mem- 
ber of the Masonic l)odies, including the 
Knights Templar and Council, and 
has attaineil the thirty-set^ond degree in 
S(*ottish Kite Masonry, and is a member 
of Murat Temple of' the Mystic Shrine. 
He is also a member of the Elks, belongs to 
the Kiwannis (*lub. Canoe (Mub and the 
lntle|tendent Athletic (*lub. He is presi- 
4lent of the General I*n>testant Orphans* 
Hiime and financial secretan* of the Prot- 
tf^stant l)ea(*on(>««* Hrmpital. He is an 
active member of th*» First Church of 
the Evangelical Ass4N*iation. 

Mr. (lardner marrie<l Miss Minnie Rieeh- 
enneyer. Mrs. iianlner. who is now de- 
eea.sefl. w&s bi>rn in Indianapolis. They 
have three children : Raymond and Ed- 
ward A. <ianlner ami Pearl, wife of J. 
An»ert Schumacher. 

PiERCK J. L.wnF.RS, su|>erintendent of 
the Indianapolis Cnion Railway Company 
antl Belt RaiIroa<l. is a veteran railnMider, 
though not yet fifty years old. More than 
thirty yean ago he went to work for the 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1499 



PeniiHylvaiiia lines as a rodmau on the 
enKineering (*oq>N, and has won promotion 
throuirh many (grades of service ajid from 
one responaibility to another until he 
would now readily be named among the 
first dozen of prominent railway officials in 
Indiana. 

lie was lK)m at Indianapolis in 1870, son 
of James and Anna i\ (.White; Landers. 
11 is mother is still livinpr. Both parents 
were horn in New York State. His father 
after coming to Indiana was a loi*omotive 
enpin4»fr, and later for some years was 
trainmaster for the Pennsylvania lines west 
of I'itthburg at Indianapolis. 

Thus Pieree J. l-.anders grew up in the 
atmosphere of railnmdiiig, but restrained 
his youth fid ambition to get into the work 
as soon as possible until he had attendinl 
the public schools at IndianaiHilis and St. 
«John*s Academy, acquiring the ei|uivalent 
of a high Hchool education. In 1886 he 
was ap|>ointetl a n>dnmn on the engineer- 
ing corps, anil remained in the emph>y of 
the Pennsylvania system until 1898, ad- 
vancing to the ]>osition of assistant en- 
ginwr. In that year Mr. lenders went 
to the Wisconsin (Vntral Kailnmd (now 
the Soo line I as roadmaster and later as 
division engineer, with head(|uarters at 
Fond du I*a<». He resigiunl in 11H)2 and re- 
turned to Indianapolis, Invoming assistant 
engim^T with the IndianaiK)lis I'nion Kail- 
way (*ompany. In PH)7 he was promoted 
engintvr of maintenance nf way, and from 
that oflicc was promoteii in 1916 to l»e<*ome 
operating official of the company with title 
of su|>erintendent. The lndianai>olis 
I'nion Railway Company, it may l>e ex- 
plaincsl. owns and (operates the Belt Rail- 
nmd, the I'nion Station, and the terminal 
lines of all th<' railroads entering Indian- 
a|><»lis. 

An item of hn^al history that will have 
much intcr«*st in future years is contained 
in the following brief paragraph from an 
lndiana|M)lis paper published in the sum- 
mer of 1918: --With Mayor .lewett and 
offii'ialw <if the railroads pn*sent, the first 
pasMMiger train backed on to the south sec- 
tion <»f elevattnl tracks at the Tnion Station 
vesterdav m<»niing. There were no deil- 
icatory ceremonies conne<'te<i with the 
event which marke<i the completion of the 
the first S4»ction of the elevation. On the 
platfonn with Mayor Jewett were Pierce 
J. Ijinders, su|¥>rintendent of the Indian- 



apolis Union Railway Company; W. C. 
Smith, station master; J. J. Liddy, train- 
master; F. C. Lingenfelter, track elevation 
engrineer for the city; E. L. Krafft, chief 
dispatcher; and T. R. RatclifT, engineer of 
maintenance of way. ' ' 

This is an important impmvement for the 
city, which has been under the direct 
8ui>ervision of Mr. Landers as engineer 
of maintenance of ways since early in 
1912, when he began drawing plans for 
the elevation of the tenninal tracks. He 
h}is lK»en in close touch with every detail 
of the work since that time. The necessarj' 
legislation under which the work has gone 
forward was enacteii in 1911. Then in 
AugiLst. 1918, the first Miction of track ele- 
vation was completed and celebrated as 
above note<l. Kventually, as other sections 
are completcxl, all the tracks entering the 
Ciiion Station will Ih» elevated. 

Mr. I4inders marrie<l Miss Flora B. 
Austin, a daughter of Edward A. and 
Manda Austin, of Indianapolis, Indiana. 

Christi.\n F. SciiR.\nFJt, who died at In- 
dianapolis I)e<*em)H>r 28. 1891, was a man 
whose life meant much to the capital city. 
He was (terman iNirn, fought hardship 
and poverty in the old country, and could 
never revert to the memories of his early 
environment with jdeasure. He came to 
America with the tide of flermans who 
arrivetl after the revolutionarj- struggles 
of 1848, and perhaps none of the (termans 
who came at that time were l)etter able to 
appre<»iate the a<lvantagi»s of the new world 
and embrace sincerely and completely the 
ideals and customs of the western republic 
and its civilization. In his case the trans- 
fonnation from a (Serman to an American 
was prompt and complete, and in spirit he 
was practically lH»rn anew after setting 
his f(K)t up<m the land of free<lom. 

He was Iwrn near Minden in Prussia. 
His parents were poor, and when he was 
eight years of age his father died. From 
that time forwanl he was the main .source 
of n'liance to his widowed mother, and his 
lal>ors were depended! U[M)n to support not 
only her but a younger brother and sister. 
Those years of unremitting toil and priva- 
tion, while never pleasant to look back up- 
on, undoubte<ily produced in him habits of 
industry* and economy which were always 
prominent characteristics. 

In 1849, when about twenlgr-«x years of 



1500 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



a^o, he left his native country and rame 
over the (K*ean in a sailing vessel to Balti- 
more. From there he came on direct to 
Indianapolis, which had already het^ome 
the center of a considerable German popu- 
lation. Here he found work as a section 
hand on what is now the J. M. & I. Rail- 
road. So<»n after he was advanced to sec- 
tion l)OHs, and for that work received 85 
cents a day, 10 cents more than the lalwrcrs 
under him. While enpt^red in this work 
he lived at Franklin. 

Finally he returned to Indianapolis, and 
from his saviufrs lioujrht a horse and dray. 
For ftmr vcars hv was on constant dutv 
transport iii^r «r<MMls hark and forth through 
the *<trccts of Indianapolis. \U* gained a 
more proiiiisinir hold in tlic husincss life 
of Indianapolis when in 1S»I| ljt» enjratred 
in the n-tail 'prroiTry l»ns:nt»ss. For the 
next tifteiMi years hv niana;r«Hl and di'vel- 
oped a tine sttm* and in ls7!» was able to 
sell out and n»tire, two of his sons takin<r 
over tin* l>nsiin»ss. 

When he eame tn Aiiieriea his name was 
spelliNl SehnKMh'r. lint after hee«nninir na- 
tnndiziNl ho .spelhnl it Sehra<ler. In In- 
dianapolis he married Christina Moeller. 
Four of their sons jrnnv up. Christian A., 
Charles ]{., Henry F. and Kiiwanl II. 

After he had Immmi in the Cnitcd States 
a few years and lunl saved sntlifient nutans 
from his rarninjrs Mr. Sehra<ier sent for 
his mother and brother and sister, and it 
was onr of tln» irreatest pleasures of his 
life that he saw them all «»stablished eom- 
ft>rtably in the new world. His own rei'ol- 
IfM'tioii nf (lermany was filled with irrief 
and lumlships. and he always retranletl it 
as an liunur as well as a j»rivileirt» that he 
was a iiaturali/(*d .Vmeriran eiti/en. ami 
he Io\i*d tilt* land of liis adoption, its in- 
slinitioiis, with all the fervor of his soul. 
Aft«'r he had retind from busirifss hi» told 
his oldest son that ht> intendi-d tf> sp«*nd 
*2.(XK) in travel. He invite.l the si»n to 
p«> alonjr. Tile s<»n sntriresteil that he re- 
tiirn to <Jermanv and r»'visit the Si-rncs 
tif his ImivIhmmI. "l)a hab* irh niehts ver- 
lon-n." rcplieil the father jmimptly. mean- 
ing that no eiaim to hi^ interi-sts or aflT^e. 
tions n*maiinMl in that ilirertion. The father 
and si»n started on their trip, ami aft»r 
rea«*hi!iif Detroit the father asked the son 
•* Where will we iro tomorrow*" The son 
answered. '*I^»t's iro to Winds«»r." The 
older man *«tid. *'WiinlsorT Is that not in 



Canada!" The son answered, **Ye8," and 
then the elder Sehrader said, **No, Chris, 
when I landed in America I made a solemn 
promise that I would never put my foot on 
foreign soil/' and he never did. lie ex- 
erciseil his preference for travel by seeing 
the land of his adoption. He reared his 
sons in the same strict Americanism, and 
also to honorable and upright lives, so that 
they have bei'ome men creditable to Amer- 
ica. 

C*hristian F. Sehrader was a member of 
the <fennan Lutheran C*hun*h and a demo- 
crat in politics. He I>ecame a democrat 
at a time when the tide of nationalism was 
running strong in American {Mditics. and 
when the know nothing party was at its 
stronp»st. Mr. Sehrader desired to ally 
himself with this party, but as it re«piin»<I 
ten years of residence in America for nu*m- 
bership he «-ontcnt(*(l himself with one <if 
the older 4*stablished partitas. 

The oldt»st son of the late Christian F. 
Sehrader is Christian A. Sehrader, who for 
nuiny years has bicn prominent as a whole- 
sah* merchant in Indiaini]>olis. He was born 
in that city S4»pteml>er 12, 1854, and has 
spent pra<'tieally his entire life tlM»re. He 
was edueated in the connmm s<*h<H>ls, an<l 
as a bt»y learne4l the grfwery business in 
his father's store. When his father retires! 
he iHM'ame assfMMated with his brother 
Charh»s H. as joint owner of the business, 
and in 1^84 expanded into the wholesale 
gro<'ery trade. In 1K86 he admitted his 
l)rother Henry F. to a partnership. Henry 
dicil in 1S96. after which the businesa was 
eonihietetl simply as C, A. SJchrader until 
in VM)s it was ineor|>orate<l aa the (\ A. 
Sehrader Company, This is one of the 
largest pros[>erons firms making up the 
wholesah* interests of Indianapolis. 

.Mr. ."Sehrader w&s a good and loyal demo- 
erat until the free silver issue of 1H96, 
since whi<*h time he has Ikvu a republican. 
He S4»rved four years as ehainnan of the 
Uoiinl of Pnblie Works iluring Mayor 
Shank's ailministration. and during that 
tinif the new eity hall was eompletetl and 
portions of the rity htispital were l)uilt at 
a e.wt of moH' than *:iiX).0<)0. 

Mr. Sehrader marrieil May 13, 1883, Em- 
ma ZoblH\ Mrs. Sehrader died July 20, 
l?M7. leaving four children: Florence, wife 
of I>»kMn C. Shaw: Arthur (*. ; Ruth and 
Wavne C. 




t) 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1503 



of the FirHt Presbyterian Church of Indi- 
an.i polls, wa« a corporator of the Crown 
Hill Cemetery AiiNOciation, a director of 
the Marion Trust Comi>any, wa« once hon- 
oreil with the prenidency of the Indiao- 
apoiis Bar Association, and waa a member 
of the Columbia Club and the Military 
Order of the Loyal legion. On December 
23. 186:^ he marrietl Miss Gertrude A. 
liunce. who was born in Ohio but was 
reared in Vernon, Oneida County. New 
York. Her father was Sidney A. Hunce. 
r)f the seven children born of their mar- 
riage there survive, a son and two daugh- 
ters. Concerning the son more is said on 
other pages. The two daughters are Flo- 
renee, wife of Clifford Arriek, of Chicago, 
and .Jessie, wife of A. M. Hopper, of Eng- 
IcwcmhI. New Jersey. 

Only a short time before his death Mr. 
Miller, in the course of an intimate conver- 
sation, remarked: *M am not conseious that 
during my public life in Washington I 
i ver did a single official act fnmi a s«'ltish 
motive.*' And to those who knew and 
honore<! him and had followe<! his career 
from the time he came to Indianapolis that 
sentence would receive a broader applica- 
tion to his entire career as a lawyer and 
man. 

I 

Samit.l I). Mn.LKR was in Washington 
while his father was Cnitet! States Attorney 
(iciieral, accpjired part of his legal educa- 
tion there and gain»»<l experience and asso- 
eiation with leading men and affairs that 
provetl invaluable to him as a lawyer. He 
has l>een a meml>er of the Indianapolis Imr 
since 1893, and for many years was actively 
Hs.s(M*iated with his honored father, Wil- 
liam H. H. Miller. 

He was born at F^ort Wayne, Indiana, 
S^»ptemlHT 25, 1869, and was ^\e years of 
Pire when his father came to Indianapolis. 
From early childhood he had liberal ad- 
vantages and grew up in an environment 
calculated to bring out the best of his 
native cjualities. He attended the public 
M*hools of Indianapolis, the Indianapolis 
Clavsieal School, and in 1886 entered his 
father's alma mater, Hamilton College of 
New York. He pursmn! the classical 
course and received the Bachelor of Arts 
degree with the class of 1890. The next 
y»»ar he spent in the law department of 
Tolumbia Cniversitv at New York, and 
then entered the law sehocJ of the National 



University at Washington, where he grad- 
uated LL. B. in 1892. While at Wash- 
ington, from March, 1891, to March, 1893, 
he was private secretarj' to Redfield Proc- 
tor and Stephen B. Elkins, secretaries of 
war under President Harrison. 

Mr. Miller was admitted to the bar in 
March, 1893, and for two years practiced 
as junior meml)er of the firm of Hord, Per- 
kins & Miller at Indianapolis. From the 
fall of 1895 to 1899 he had his home and 
business as a lawyer at New York City. On 
n*turning to Indianapolis he l>ecame a 
meinlKT of the firm of Miller, Elam, Fesler 
& Miller. Lnter the firm became Miller, 
Shirley, Miller & Thompson. Sulme- 
(lucntly, upon the retirement of Mr. C. C. 
Shirley from the firm, it l)ecame Miller, 
Dai ley & Thompson and still continues ac- 
tive in the practice. The other members 
Hre Mr. Frank C. Dailey, Mr. William H. 
Thompson. Mr. Sidney S. Miller and Mr. 
Albert L. Rabb. 

Mr. .MiiltT is an aetivp mend)er of the 
Cnited Stat<»s. Indiana and Indianapolis 
Bar associations. In IfMO he was elected a 
member of the l>o:ird of trustees of Ham- 
ilton College and continued as such for 
alK)ut seven years. Other meml»ers of the 
lK»ar(l at the time were the late James S. 
Sherman, vice president of the Cnited 
State's, and Senator Elihu Root. Mr. Mil- 
ler is a member of the Indiana Command- 
erv of the Militan* Order of the Loval 

• • • 

Legion and belongs to the Hamilton Col- 
lege Chapter of the Chi Psi fraternity, and 
the Columbia, the Cniversity, the Country 
and the Dramatic clubs of Indianapolis. 
Politically he has rendered allegiance and 
much senice to the cause of the republican 
party, though, like his father, he has never 
put himself in the way of official prefer- 
ment. 

During the war of 1917 Mr. Miller gave 
a larsre part of his time to the patriotic 
activities of his community. He was a 
member of Selective Service Board No. 5. 
chairman of the Executive Committee of 
the Indianapolis Branch of the American 
Protective League and actively engaged in 
many other of the undertakings brought 
about bv the war. 

On October 23, 1907. he married Miss 
Amelia Owen. She was bom and reared in 
Evansville. Her father. Dr. A. M. Owen, 
w^as long prominent in the profession of 
medicine in that city. Three children were 



1504 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



bom of this marriage, two sons and one 
daughter, of whom the daughter, Laura 
Owen Miller, bom April 22, 1914, alone 
survives. By a former marriage Mr. Miller 
has one son, Sidney Stanhope, born Sep- 
tember 27, 1893, who is a lawyer by pro- 
fession and during the war Was a major 
in the One Hundred and Fiftieth United 
States Field Artillery in France. 

hIahlon D. Manson was born in Piqua, 
Onio, February 20, 1820, but in early life 
became a resident of Crawfordsville, In- 
diana. He served as a captain during the 
Mexican war, was a member of the Legis- 
lature in 1851-2, and then entered the Civil 
war, in which he rose to the rank of briga- 
dier general. After the close of the war 
and his return to civil life Mr. Manson was 
nominated as lieutenant governor and sec- 
retary of state, and was elected to Con- 
gress as a democrat, serving from 1871 
until 1873. 

Chari^es Phh^ips Emerson, M. D. Be- 
cause of his position as dean and professor 
of medicine in the Indiana University 
School of Medicine, Bloomington and In- 
dianapolis, Doctor Emerson's career is a 
matter of general interest to the entire 
medical profession of the state. His work 
is known not only here but among medical 
men generally throughout the country. lie 
ha,s been a successful teacher of medicine, 
an author, and is regarded as one of the 
first authorities in his field. 

Doctor Emei-son was born at Metheun, 
Massachusetts, September 4, 1872, a son of 
Jacofb and Josephine (Davis) Emerson. 
Ilis associations from earlv youth have 
brought him in contact with prominent 
scholars and the fruits of seliolarship and 
culture. lie graduated from Amherst 
College in 1894, A. B., and soon afterward 
entered Johns Hopkins University at Bal- 
timore, from which he received his Doctor 
of Medicine de«:ree in 1899. Doctor Emer- 
son has spent much time abroad, especially 
in earlier years. He was in the Univer- 
sity of Strassburjr in 1900, the Univei*sity 
of Basel in 1901, and spent a considerable 
part of the year 1903 at Paris. 

For several years Doctor Emerson was 
associate in medicine at Johns Ho])kins 
University and resident physician of the 
T^niversity Hospital. In 1908-U he was 
superintendent of the Clifton Rprinjrs Sani- 



( ( 



i ( 



i i 



tarium in New York, and in 1909 was as- 
sistant professor of medicine in Cornell 
University. He took up his present work 
as professor of medicine and dean of the 
University School at Indianapolis in 1911. 
While not in general practice Doctor Emer- 
son aside from his college and literary 
duties is a consulting physician, and his 
services have often been called in by the 
leading practitioners of the capital city. 

As an author Doctor Emerson is widely 
known through the following works: 

Pneumothorax,'* published in 1904; 

Clinical Diagnosis," published in 1906; 

A Hospital for Children,*' 1905, and 
'* Essentials of Medicine," published in 
1908. He is a member of the Association 
of American Physicians, the American 
Medical Association and of various other 
medical organization^. He is a Chi Psi 
college fraternity man, a member of the 
Presbyterian Church, and a republican. 
His office is in the Hume-Mansur Build- 
ing at Indianapolis. Doctor Emerson mar- 
ried April 14, 1909, Miss Effie Gilmour 
Perry, of Toronto, Canada. 

The Francis FAMmv. The ancestors of 
the Francis families of America so far as 
evidence can be obtained were residents 
of the northern countries of France, and 
are described by historians as * * hardy cour- 
ageous, energetic and industrious/^ Many 
of these residents found their way in the 
course of time to Germany, Austria and 
Great Britain, as several of the kings, prel- 
ates and other dignitaries bore the name 
of ^^ Francis/^ 

The first mentioned w-as William Fran- 
cis, one of the leading promoters of the 
Virginia Company, formed in Ix)ndon in 
the year 1606. 

The direct lineage of the Francis families 
who settled in Indiana and Illinois is 
traced from the settlement of Wethersiield, 
Connecticut. The Town of Wethersfield, 
about four miles south of Hartford, was 
organized as a colony January 7, 1633. 
Among its residents will be found the 
names of E^obert and Richard Francis. 
Eic'hard joined one of the companies of 
c*olonists who were called upon to defend 
themselves from the hostile Indians and 
was killed in a battle with the savages. 
• fl) Robert Francis, horn in 1629, prob- 
ably in England, died January 2, 1712, 
ajred eijrhtv-three. He established a farm 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



1305 



ill \Veth**rstiel(l and lHH>ariie a proiuinciit 
inrinher of tin* Firnt ('(inirr<*KHtional 
('luin-li of that plact*. About Iti.'iO he mar- 
rinl Joan - - . who died January 
2!*, 170.'>, ajTrtl seviMity-Hix. Their ehildren, 
the ohlf*Ht lN)rn in UmI and the youngest in 
l()(i4. w«*rf iianifd Susanna. Hoi»ert. Mary. 
John. Ahi^al. Janit*s and Sarah. 

'2' John Fninris. iMirii at Wfthrrstifld. 
Conni-i'tii'Ut, Si'pt4*»iilM»r 4. 1 •».'>>. ilietl l)e- 
reinher 2f». 1711. IIi» was a fariiirr and 
sf*rvi*d tLs a M*ri:t*ant in thr Cnlnnial army. 
Fi'lmnirv in. l^»^^^ h«' iiuirriiMl Sarah Dix, 
uho was lM>rn in \V\'\^ anil dit*d April :{. 
ItiJ^'J. Janiniry Iti. lt»M{. hv iiiarritvl Mt-ri'V 
rhilttMidfii. wliii difd <>«'tiili»'r \^, 174.'». 
His I'hildri*!!. all hy thi' sfi-oinl \\ifi». wt»ri' 
John. Jani4*s. Sihi-ran^'f. Mar\ . Tii<nna.s. 
Ki»!»»'rt. Ahijriil and Prudence. 

• .i Jiihn FraiM'i**. Immmi al WftheiNtiiMd. 
<*ii|ini'rtii"Ut. Oi'tolMT l^i. lti*»4. dii'd Srp 
tenihf'r 11*. 174!'. II«' was a man i»f trrt'at 
inUM-ular strt'iiirth and niaiiy sturii-s have 
hiMMi rt'latfil <if his rxtra«»rdinary athh'tir 
feats. Iff* was tin' mwiiit and landlord of 
th»» old \Veathersfii»ld Inn. He was three 
tinh'N !iiarrit»il. His first wifr. Mary Hatrh. 
wliuin ]u* luarrii'il I)i'r»'nilM»r 'MK 17ns. dieil 
July l.'*. 171**. !nt»th»*r of niir i-hild. John. 
In 172'» hi* mairit'il Lvdia l>«MiiiiJir. wlm 
dit»d Ui-toliiT 1**. 17-M. anil on Oi-IoImt lt». 
Kit.'i. h»' niarrii'd Kiinii'r Dickinson, who 
ilii'il May 21. 1770. Thi» «in»' •■hiM of his 
stsiiinl marriavr** ^^Jts Klisha. Th«» i-hiMreu 
iif Ills tli'nl \\\u* wiPf M;i!v. I.vdia. Kiini'*e. 
Jt.hri and M« p-y. 

t John FraiM'is. son nf Johti and 
Marv. was linrii SfpttMidifr 2**. I7l0. at 
\Vi'Mi«-rstifM, ainl ♦ii«'«l Mav l.'». 17:?**. In 
17.'{'» h«- niarrifd Mary Dinld. wlm di»»d in 
177** Th«Mr ••hildn'ii wi'rt» Jului. Ji»siah. 
t 'liarh-s ami Mjir> 

.'» <l. aril's Krafi'-i-* was Uirn jit 
\V«'T}ii rs!'i'M in 17i?»». arit] tin' daT«' uf his 
ih'aMi is iinki.i»\\Ti. !!•' was a v»*ry sue- 
i«'«.-f'il fariiii'r. Hi* uas marrii'd anil hail 
rhiMri'M iianii'il ^'liarK-*. lluld.i. SiTn»'«»n. 
Mi!l'«'i !iT auil iJfNirtTi' 

♦i Sirii'^ii Fr.iii'is. Iiurn at Wftlifrs- 
*''•'•! Itj 1770. was a prMsjwpiiis ariil iiiin'h 
rt-opi-' ?• •! f.inii«-r. li^Mi'i*!! «if Th«' First Ciirr 
Lrr»-.'.i*'«<ii;d t'hur'h. and tlii'd Si]»tiMnlM'r 
7 }^':\ Max 2»'.. 17'»:{. ho yiiarri*'.! Marv 
.\mv Aila'rss. ulnt ilji'd Si'pt«'Tidw'r \^. 1S22. 
Tl '-ir • ) Mr*-!! wi*n' <'har]i»s. SiTm'nn. Mary 
.\nn. <'a!vin. J«tsiah. Kdwin. Iluldah. 
.MliMi and Ji»hn. 



<7) Five of the FraneiM hroth<*rs and 
their two sisters, rhihlren of Simeon and 
.Mary Ann, d(M>ided after the death of 
their pan^nts to leave tiieir old home in 
Wrtherstield and seek a lu^w home in the 
west. Charles an<l Simeon left home mme- 
time pn*viouHly. The otheni embarked on 
th** sliNip Faleon at Hartford September 
17. Is29. thi»ir journey b^Mn^r down the 
<*onn(M*ti(*ut River and through Ijong 
Island S<»und to New York, theneo up the 
Huds4tn Hiver to Allwny and arrow tke 
Matt* hy tilt* Krie (*anal to Buffalo, where 
thi'v Wire joint'd hv thfir hnither Simeon. 
A saihntr vess«»l t<M»k thi'm over Lake Erie 
III Sainlusky. ami themv they procured 
wajrons to rriiss tht» Stat** of ()hio to Cin- 
cinnati. After a jonrnry frau^^ht with 
much exposure and hick of pn)per nouriah- 
incnt they rcacht^l Tincinnati. and were 
thcnci* intrnc hv a siiuill steandMmt down 
the nhiii and up the .Mississippi to St. 
I.«»nis. Iiardy I'Sfapimr with their lives 
thniULrh tlu' wrci-kiiiir of on*» of the boatK. 
Thcv were nrvfiitv wen davs in niakinir 
t)ie jnnriifv which ean m>w Im» made with 
coinf(»rt in less than one third us nniny 
Imnrs. 

In \^^\ Simenn. Jiisiidi and John went 
til Sprinirtield. Illinois, taking' with them 
a litth- nld print in<^ press which they 
hron^rht from Cunneetieut. On Nove!id»er 
lo. 1**:{1. the tirst issm» «»f the San«/anion 
Jnurnal. imw the Illinois State Journal, 
was lirniiifht iiut hv tht*se lirothers. SinuMHi 
aiiil Allen Fran«-is fi»stt^r«'d the yotithful 
ambit ioTis of .Xliraham Lincoln by loanin^r 
him a copy tit* hlackstorit* and all the other 
luMiks iM»ssi}»le. Tliev als«> intnnhieed Mr. 
Lincoln to the hailintr siM'ial anil profes- 
sional t»Lnires of Sprirmli«'ld. It was at the 
home of Allen Frain-is that .Mr. Lincoln 
met Mi^s Todd, whom hr snbsei|uently mar- 
ried. Mr. Lincoln rceipr«**ated in \^i\\ 
by appoint ini; SimiNin Fraiicj^w (laytnaster 

itf all the t! ps in the N«»rthwcst. with tlip 

rank <if eolotirl. and stationetl at Van- 
••fiuver. Washinjrton. In lS7n In- was re- 
tired i»ti half pay and returned tii rortlaiid. 
where he i»sta)»lishci| the rortlaiiil Ori*- 
k'*»nia*i. still a power in thi* newspaper 
tield He was pn^sidi'tit ''f the Ori»^»n 
State .VL'rietdtural Society. In l-Mll Presi- 
dent f Jneoln appointed Hon. .Mh'ti Francis 
tirst eonsul to Vietoria. Vaneotiver's 
Island. lie resifnied in 1864. With his 
<ions he eniraged in the fur trade with the 



1506 



INDIANA AND INDIANANS 



Indians on the Alaska Coast. It was 
through Hon. Allen Francis that Secretary 
Sewanl iraiiUHl the information concerning 
the varied n^sources of Alaska which de- 
termined him to iMiter into negotiations 
with KiLssia for its purchase. 

Simeon Francis, the first of the brothers 
to leave home, served an apprenticeship 
in a printing office in New Ilavcn, dm- 
necticut. Later forming a partner.sliip un- 
der the name of Clapp an*l Francis, lie 
published the Kepuhlican Advocate, the 
first number i)f which aj)iH»ared in ISIT. 
Voluiiu»s for the years 1S21, 1S22 and 1S2:J 
of this publi<*ation are now in the posst^s- 
sion of Mr. Charles W. Francis of La- 
Porte. Indiana. 

('harh*s Francis, also of the S4»venth 
generation, was the pioneer of the family 
in the wilds of Northern Indiana. \U* was 
born in Wethersfield, ConiHH*tirut. March 
II*, 17!)4. December 14. l>2n. lu- niarrie«l 
Kli/abeth Haskell, who died August \K 
lK'»r». They left their obi home in IvJiJ 
and st*ttled in ChiM-rv Valb^v. New York. 
Two vears later thcv »leti'rmine*l to se«*k 
a htmie further W4'st. With their sranty 
belongings they were towed *lown thi» Krie 
(*anal to HutTalo. and a sidling vessel tuok 
them to Clevelaml, wln»re they lived nearly 
a year. Still aftlirted with the western 
fever, in the earlv autumn of \>'M thev 
.started fi»r ChieaLTo. At that tiim* emi- 
grants travi'letl in wagniis. camping where- 
ever night iivert<M»k them. As a family 
t»f eight, their furniture and ne»*essities 
Were ciisily stnred in one wagon, and a 
man was hircil to drive tht*in throu;;h. 
Many hanlships wi-re experienced with 
pour at'eiiiMiiioilations. bad roa«ls and often- 
times want nf provisions. In alHiut six 
Wf*« ks (lirv reai'hed LaPorte. at which time 
winter had M*t in with irreat sevi-rity. After 
leavini; LaP«»rte they met a party return- 
ing from Chieaifn. reporting tht»re were no 
provisions in that M*tt lenient or work of 
anv kind. Tliis news. t«nrether with the 
sickness nf the vounijest i-liild. turui'd them 
ba**k. and tht»y settldl for the winter in a 
b»g cabin near the pri»sent site of Fail's 
sr|HMilhf)us<* in l*aiPi»rte Coiuity. During 
the winti»r Tluirles Francis to<»k up land 
and liuilt a cabin in <ialena Township. In 
the s]irinL' he moved his family to that 
IiMNition in the dense fiipM. F'ivr families 
had loeatetl in the sjime township in the 
prereding year. A '*hort distain-e east 



was an Indian settlement, henee the In- 
dians were as numerous as the whites, but 
were friendly and often visited the settlers, 
bringing maple sugar and trinkets to trade 
for something to eat. It was here that the 
Francis family endured those privations 
and hanlships common to the lot of pio- 
neers. Charles Francis long survived this 
era of pioneer things and died in 1870. 

A brief record of his s<*ven children is 
as follows: Mary Ann, lK)rn in 1821, died 
Augu.st 19, 1S26. Joseph Haskell bom 
Septend»er 2:i. 182:i, and died Januarv 12, 
1!HX), marritnl March 4, 1849, ( atherine A. 
Martin, who di«Ml November 13, 1892, and 
their two children were Mar>' E. and 
(leorg** II. (ieorgi* H., Jr., married Blanche 
Noliel and lives on the old honu*stead near 
LaPorte. Luke, the third child, was lM)rn 
.May H), lS2r>. ami died in I)eeeml»er 18M2. 
Juiu» .">. 1S48, he married Betsey Marshall, 
who died in 19(K). They had no chiltlren. 
The next in age is SinuMm, the record of 
wlijun is given below. William Wallace, 
iMirn l)eceiid»er 17. 1S28.